WorldWideScience

Sample records for ct-guided needle biopsy

  1. CT guided percutaneous needle biopsy of the chest: initial experience

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The objective of this article is to report our first experience of CT guided percutaneous thoracic biopsy and to demonstrate the accuracy and safety of this procedure. This was a retrospective study of 28 CT-Guided Percutaneous Needle Biopsies of the Chest performed on 24 patients between November 2014 and April 2015.

  2. Role of CT-guided transthoracic core needle biopsy in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhiwei Wang

    2014-12-01

    Conclusion: CT-guided transthoracic core needle biopsy had high performance on the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis and facilitated the diagnosis of malignancy, lymphoma and other infectious disease.

  3. Accuracy of CT-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy for assessment of pediatric musculoskeletal lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hryhorczuk, Anastasia L. [University of Michigan, Department of Radiology, C. S. Mott Children' s Hospital, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Harvard University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Boston Children' s Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Strouse, Peter J. [University of Michigan, Department of Radiology, C. S. Mott Children' s Hospital, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Biermann, J.S. [University of Michigan, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

    2011-07-15

    CT-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy has been shown in adults to be an effective diagnostic tool for a large number of musculoskeletal malignancies. To characterize our experience with CT-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy of pediatric bone lesions and determine its utility in diagnosing pediatric osseous lesions, in a population where such lesions are commonly benign. From 2000 to 2009, 61 children underwent 63 CT-guided percutaneous biopsies. Radiological, pathological and clinical records were reviewed. Fourteen biopsies (22%) were performed on malignant lesions, while 49 biopsies (78%) were performed on benign lesions. Forty-nine of the 63 biopsies (78%) were adequate; these children underwent no further tissue sampling. Fourteen of the 63 biopsies (22%) were inadequate or non-conclusive. Of these patients, 12 underwent open biopsy. Retrospective analysis of percutaneous biopsies in these patients demonstrates that 9/12 provided clinically relevant information, and 4/12 patients received final diagnoses that confirmed initial core biopsy findings. No malignancies were diagnosed as benign on percutaneous biopsy. Overall, percutaneous core needle biopsy provided accurate diagnostic information in 84% (53/63) of biopsies. Our results demonstrate that CT-guided percutaneous biopsy is safe and beneficial in children. This study supports the use of CT-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy for primary diagnosis of pediatric bone lesions. (orig.)

  4. [Evaluation of CT-Guided Percutaneous Needle Biopsy for Diagnosis of Renal Tumor].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kato, Taiki; Sugiyama, Takayuki; Matsushita, Yuto; Suzuki, Takahisa; Motoyama, Daisuke; Matsumoto, Rikiya; Otsuka, Atsushi; Furuse, Hiroshi; Tsukui, Hiroe; Ushio, Takasuke; Nasu, Hatsuko; Ozono, Seiichiro

    2017-02-01

    We performed computed tomographic (CT)-guided percutaneous needle biopsy for renal tumors that were difficult to diagnose or were inoperable malignant renal tumors. Nineteen patients who underwent CT-guided percutaneous needle biopsy between November 2007 and March 2015 at Hamamatsu University Hospital were included in this study. The median tumor diameter was 78 mm (40-140 mm). Seventeen patients were diagnosed pathologically by biopsy, but 2 patients could not be diagnosed despite the existence of adequate sample volume. One patient had an adverse complication ; fever (CTCAE ver 4.0 grade 1). The median duration of follow-up was 21 months (0-111 months), no one had tumor seeding along a needle tract. CT-guided percutaneous needle biopsy of renal tumors is helpful for pathological diagnosis and further treatment planning. However, there are still some limitations to obtain an accurate diagnosis.

  5. Clinical Value of CT-Guided Needle Biopsy for Retroperitoneal Lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tomozawa, Yuki; Inaba, Yoshitaka; Yamaura, Hidekazu; Sato, Yozo; Kato, Mina; Kanamoto, Takaaki; Sakane, Makoto [Aichi Cancer Center Hospital, Nagoya (Japan)

    2011-06-15

    The purpose of this study was to investigate retrospectively the clinical procedural performance of CT-guided needle biopsy for retroperitoneal lesions. CT-guided needle biopsy was performed in 74 consecutive patients (M:F = 44:30; mean age, 59.7 years) with retroperitoneal lesions between April 1998 and June 2009. The target lesion ranged from 1.5 to 12.5 cm in size. The biopsy access path ranged from 3.5 to 11.5 cm in depth. A biopsy specimen was obtained using an 18-gauge core needle under a CT or CT-fluoroscopy guidance and with the patient under local anesthesia. The histopathological diagnoses from the biopsies were obtained. The diagnostic confirmation of the subtype of lymphoma was evaluated. Satisfactory biopsy samples were obtained in 73 (99%) of 74 patients and a pathological diagnosis was made in 70 (95%) of 74 patients. Sixty three lesions were malignant (45 lymphomas, nine primary tumors, nine lymph node metastases) and seven were benign. The subtype of lymphoma was specified in 43 (96%) of 45 patients who were diagnosed with lymphoma. Analysis of the value of CT-guided biopsy in this series indicated 63 true positives, zero false positive, six true negatives and five false negatives. This test had a sensitivity of 93%, a specificity of 100% and an accuracy of 93%. No major complications were seen and minor complications were noted in seven patients (five with local hematomas, two with transient pain at the puncture site). CT-guided needle biopsy for retroperitoneal lesions is highly practical and useful, and particularly for determining the subtypes in patients with lymphoma.

  6. CT-guided needle biopsy of lung lesions: A survey of severe complication based on 9783 biopsies in Japan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tomiyama, Noriyuki [Department of Radiology, Osaka University Graduated School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)]. E-mail: tomiyama@radiol.med.osaka-u.ac.jp; Yasuhara, Yoshifumi [Department of Radiology, National Hospital Organization Ehime National Hospital (Japan); Nakajima, Yasuo [Department of Radiology, St. Marianna University School of Medicine (Japan); Adachi, Shuji [Department of Radiology, Hyogo Medical Center for Adults (Japan); Arai, Yasuaki [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, National Cancer Center (Japan); Kusumoto, Masahiko [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, National Cancer Center (Japan); Eguchi, Kenji [Department of Oncology, Tokai University School of Medicine (Japan); Kuriyama, Keiko [Department of Radiology, Kinki Central Hospital of the Mutual Aid Association of Public School Teachers (Japan); Sakai, Fumikazu [Department of Radiology, Tokyo Metropolitan Komagome Hospital (Japan); Noguchi, Masayuki [Department of Pathology, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Tsukuba (Japan); Murata, Kiyoshi [Department of Radiology, Shiga University of Medical Science (Japan); Murayama, Sadayuki [Faculty of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus (Japan); Mochizuki, Teruhito [Department of Radiology, Ehime University School of Medicine (Japan); Mori, Kiyoshi [Department of Thoracic Oncology, Tochigi Cancer Center (Japan); Yamada, Kozo [Department of Thoracic Oncology, Kanagawa Cancer Center (Japan)

    2006-07-15

    Purpose: The aim of our study was to update the rate of severe complications following CT-guided needle biopsy in Japan via a mailed survey. Materials and methods: Postal questionnaires regarding CT-guided needle biopsy were sent out to multiple hospitals in Japan. The questions regarded: the total number and duration of CT-guided lung biopsies performed at each hospital, and the complication rates and numbers of pneumothorax, hemothorax, air embolism, tumor seeding, tension pneumothorax and other rare complications. Each severe complication was followed with additional questions. Results: Data from 9783 biopsies was collected from 124 centers. Pneumothorax was the most common complication, and occurred in 2412 (35%) of 6881 cases. A total of 39 (35%) hospitals reported 74 (0.75%) cases with severe complications. There were six cases (0.061%) with air embolism, six cases (0.061%) with tumor seeding at the site of the biopsy route, 10 cases (0.10%) with tension pneumothorax, six cases (0.061%) with severe pulmonary hemorrhage or hemoptysis, nine cases (0.092%) with hemothorax, and 27 cases (0.26%) with others, including heart arrest, shock, and respiratory arrest. From a total of 62 patients with severe complications, 54 patients (0.55%) recovered without sequela, however one patient (0.01%) recovered with hemiplegia due to cerebral infarction, and the remaining seven patients (0.07%) died. Conclusions: This is the first national study documenting severe complications with respect to CT-guided needle biopsy in Japan. The complication rate in Japan is comparable to internationally published figures. We believe this data will improve both clinicians as well as patients understanding of the risk versus benefit of CT-guided needle biopsy, resulting better decisions.

  7. Extrapleural paravertebral CT guided fine needle biopsy of subcarinal lymph nodes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tantawy, Wahid H., E-mail: tantawyw@yahoo.com [Radiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt Abbassyia square, Cairo (Egypt); El-Gemeie, Emad H. [Pathology Department, National Cancer Institute, Fom El Khalige Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University (Egypt); Ibrahim, Ahmed S., E-mail: asibrahima@gmail.com [Radiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt Abbassyia square, Cairo (Egypt); Mohamed, Mona A. [Radiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Egypt Abbassyia square, Cairo (Egypt)

    2012-10-15

    Purpose: To report our experience in CT guided extrapleural paravertebral subcarinal lymph biopsy using a thin 25 gauge (25 G) thin needle without the need of injection of saline to widen the mediastinum. Materials and methods: Biopsy was performed using a 25 G needle which was advanced lateral to the vertebral body between the endothoracic fascia and the parietal pleura to gain access to subcarinal lymph nodes. One hundred and forty one patients were included in the study (74 females, 57 males). No artificial widening of the mediastinum using saline injection was required. The study was performed in the presence of a cytopathologist; sensitivity and specificity rates were calculated. Complications were documented for each case especially for pneumothorax and haemorrhage. Results: Cytopathological diagnosis was reached in all cases. All re-aspirations were done in the same session to reach a primary diagnosis at the time of the biopsy. Imunophenotyping study was done in 94 cases to confirm the primary diagnosis and to classify the malignant lesions. No pneumothorax was encountered. Small haematomas were noted in 5 cases (3.5%). Cytopathology showed a sensitivity of 97.2% and specificity of 100%. By adding immunophenotyping a 100% sensitivity and specificity was achieved. Conclusion: Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) using a 25 gauge needle for subcarinal lymph nodes via a percutaneous extrapleural paravertebral CT guided approach is a safe, minimally invasive, and tolerable procedure yielding a high sensitivity and specificity rates without the need of artificial widening.

  8. CT-guided core-needle biopsy in the diagnosis of mediastinal lymphoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sklair-Levy, M.; Shaham, D.; Applbaum, Y.H.; Libson, E. [Dept. of Radiology, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem (Israel); Polliack, A.; Gillis, S.; Ben-Yehuda, D. [Dept. of Haematology, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem (Israel); Sherman, Y. [Dept. of Pathology, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem (Israel)

    2000-05-01

    The advent of radiologic guidance techniques for percutaneous biopsy has changed the approach to the routine diagnosis of mediastinal lymphoma. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of CT-guided percutaneous core-needle biopsy (PCNB) in the clinical management of patients with mediastinal lymphoma. The results of 49 CT-guided PCNB of mediastinal lymphoma performed under local anesthesia in 42 ambulatory patients were analyzed. A positive diagnosis of lymphoma was obtained in 30 of 42 patients, with an overall success rate of 71.5 %. The technique was equally successful in the diagnosis of Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. There were no major complications. Percutaneous CT-guided CNB of mediastinal lymphoma is a quick, safe, accurate, and efficient alternative to open biopsy in the evaluation of mediastinal lymphoma, mainly at presentation. It should become the preferred initial diagnostic procedure for obtaining histologic samples in patients with suspected mediastinal lymphoma. (orig.)

  9. CT-guided, minimally invasive, postmortem needle biopsy using the B-Rob II needle-positioning robot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez, Rosa M; Ptacek, Wolfgang; Schweitzer, Wolf; Kronreif, Gernot; Fürst, Martin; Thali, Michael J; Ebert, Lars C

    2014-03-01

    CT-guided, minimally invasive needle biopsy techniques can be used to retrieve tissue or body fluid samples for histologic tissue diagnoses in forensic investigations. The purpose of this study was an evaluation of CT-guided needle-positioning robot B-Rob II. To operate under CT guidance, we adopted the B-Rob II robotic needle placement system and its workflow. The accuracy and speed of the procedure were tested on a gelatin phantom in a series of 21 biopsies. We achieved an average needle placement accuracy of 1.8 mm (±1.1 mm) using robotic assistance. The procedure required an average of 2 min 21 s. The needle placement accuracy for minimally invasive needle biopsies using the B-Rob II biopsy robot is sufficiently accurate and fast for forensic postmortem examinations of focal organ changes. Further tests will be performed to test the feasibility of the robot for performing biopsies of focal organ changes in human bodies. © 2013 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.

  10. CT-guided cutting needle lung biopsy using modified coaxial technique: Factors effecting risk of complications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yildirim, Erkan [Baskent University Medical School, Department of Radiology, Ankara (Turkey)], E-mail: drerkany@yahoo.com; Kirbas, Ismail; Harman, Ali; Ozyer, Umut; Tore, H. Gurkan; Aytekin, Cuneyt; Boyvat, Fatih [Baskent University Medical School, Department of Radiology, Ankara (Turkey)

    2009-04-15

    Purpose: We present our 7-year experience with coaxial computed tomography (CT)-guided cutting needle lung biopsy and evaluate the factors affecting risk of complications. Material and method: Between June 2000 and March 2007, we performed 225 CT-guided coaxial lung biopsies in 213 consecutive patients (161 men, 52 women). Lesion size, lesion depth, lesion location, needle-pleural angle, presence of pleural effusion, patient's position, and complications secondary to biopsy procedure (pneumothorax and bleeding) were noted. Pneumothorax was graded as mild, moderate, and severe. Bleeding complications were graded as mild, moderate, and severe. Results: Two hundred twenty-five biopsy procedures were performed in 213 patients. The mean diameter of the lung lesion was 41.3 {+-} 20.1 mm. The mean distance from the peripheral margin of the lesion to the pleura was 17.3 {+-} 19.2 mm. After 225 procedures, there were 42 mild (18.6%), 13 moderate (5.7%), and 4 severe (1.7%) pneumothoraxes. Small hemoptysis occurred in 27 patients (12%), and mild parenchymal hemorrhage occurred in 2 patients (0.8%). The overall complication rate was 39.1%. Although, a statistically significant correlation was found between female sex, presence of emphysema, lesion depth, and pneumothorax, none of these factors had a predictive value for pneumothorax. Although, statistically significant correlations were found between female sex, lesion size, and bleeding, only lesion size had a predictive value for bleeding. Conclusion: The most frequent and important complications of this procedure are pneumothorax and bleeding. But any factor is the predictor of pneumothorax and lesion depth is a poor predictor of bleeding complication.

  11. Comparison of cone-beam CT-guided and CT fluoroscopy-guided transthoracic needle biopsy of lung nodules

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rotolo, Nicola; Imperatori, Andrea; Arlant, Veronica; Dominioni, Lorenzo [Insubria University, Center for Thoracic Surgery, Varese (Italy); Floridi, Chiara; Fontana, Federico; Ierardi, Anna Maria; Mangini, Monica; De Marchi, Giuseppe; Fugazzola, Carlo; Carrafiello, Gianpaolo [Insubria University, Radiology Department, Varese (Italy); Novario, Raffaele [Insubria University, Medical Physics Department, Varese (Italy)

    2016-02-15

    To compare the diagnostic performance of cone-beam CT (CBCT)-guided and CT fluoroscopy (fluoro-CT)-guided technique for transthoracic needle biopsy (TNB) of lung nodules. The hospital records of 319 consecutive patients undergoing 324 TNBs of lung nodules in a single radiology unit in 2009-2013 were retrospectively evaluated. The newly introduced CBCT technology was used to biopsy 123 nodules; 201 nodules were biopsied by conventional fluoro-CT-guided technique. We assessed the performance of the two biopsy systems for diagnosis of malignancy and the radiation exposure. Nodules biopsied by CBCT-guided and by fluoro-CT-guided technique had similar characteristics: size, 20 ± 6.5 mm (mean ± standard deviation) vs. 20 ± 6.8 mm (p = 0.845); depth from pleura, 15 ± 15 mm vs. 15 ± 16 mm (p = 0.595); malignant, 60 % vs. 66 % (p = 0.378). After a learning period, the newly introduced CBCT-guided biopsy system and the conventional fluoro-CT-guided system showed similar sensitivity (95 % and 92 %), specificity (100 % and 100 %), accuracy for diagnosis of malignancy (96 % and 94 %), and delivered non-significantly different median effective doses [11.1 mSv (95 % CI 8.9-16.0) vs. 14.5 mSv (95 % CI 9.5-18.1); p = 0.330]. The CBCT-guided and fluoro-CT-guided systems for lung nodule biopsy are similar in terms of diagnostic performance and effective dose, and may be alternatively used to optimize the available technological resources. (orig.)

  12. Development and Evaluation of a Novel Curved Biopsy Device for CT-Guided Biopsy of Lesions Unreachable Using Standard Straight Needle Trajectories

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schulze-Hagen, Maximilian Franz, E-mail: mschulze@ukaachen.de; Pfeffer, Jochen; Zimmermann, Markus; Liebl, Martin [University Hospital RWTH Aachen, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Stillfried, Saskia Freifrau von [University Hospital RWTH Aachen, Department of Pathology (Germany); Kuhl, Christiane; Bruners, Philipp; Isfort, Peter [University Hospital RWTH Aachen, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany)

    2017-06-15

    PurposeTo evaluate the feasibility of a novel curved CT-guided biopsy needle prototype with shape memory to access otherwise not accessible biopsy targets.Methods and MaterialsA biopsy needle curved by 90° with specific radius was designed. It was manufactured using nitinol to acquire shape memory, encased in a straight guiding trocar to be driven out for access of otherwise inaccessible targets. Fifty CT-guided punctures were conducted in a biopsy phantom and 10 CT-guided punctures in a swine corpse. Biposies from porcine liver and muscle tissue were separately gained using the biopsy device, and histological examination was performed subsequently.ResultsMean time for placement of the trocar and deployment of the inner biopsy needle was ~205 ± 69 and ~93 ± 58 s, respectively, with a mean of ~4.5 ± 1.3 steps to reach adequate biopsy position. Mean distance from the tip of the needle to the target was ~0.7 ± 0.8 mm. CT-guided punctures in the swine corpse took relatively longer and required more biopsy steps (~574 ± 107 and ~380 ± 148 s, 8 ± 2.6 steps). Histology demonstrated appropriate tissue samples in nine out of ten cases (90%).ConclusionsTargets that were otherwise inaccessible via standard straight needle trajectories could be successfully reached with the curved biopsy needle prototype. Shape memory and preformed size with specific radius of the curved needle simplify the target accessibility with a low risk of injuring adjacent structures.

  13. Initial CT-guided needle biopsy of extremity skeletal lesions: Diagnostic performance and experience of a tertiary musculoskeletal center

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nouh, Mohamed Ragab, E-mail: mragab73@yahoo.com [Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University (Egypt); Department of Radiology, Al-Razi Hospital, Sulibikhate 13001 (Kuwait); Abu Shady, Hamdy Mohamed, E-mail: hamdi_abushadi@yahoo.com [Department of Radiology, Al-Razi Hospital, Sulibikhate 13001 (Kuwait)

    2014-02-15

    Introduction: Appendicular long bones are the target for a wide spectrum of bony lesions with variable clinical presentations. Biopsy procedures are needed for subsequent proper patient's management. Most of the available literature globally assessed musculoskeletal biopsies with inclusion of repeat biopsy results. We thought to retrospectively assess the diagnostic performance of initial CT-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy (PCNB) of extremity long bone lesions in a tertiary musculoskeletal referral center. Patients and methods: We retrospectively analyzed the outcome of initial CT-guided PCNB of 49 patients who presented with extremity long bone lesions which were biopsied in our hospital during a 36 months’ time period. The diagnostic performance was assessed in terms of diagnostic yield and accuracy. Results: There were 34 males and 15 females with a mean age of 33.69 years (range from 4 to 77 years). The overall diagnostic yield of initial biopsies was 87.75% with a diagnostic accuracy of 82.85% derived from the surgically proven cases. The higher diagnostic yield was recorded with malignancy, presence of extra-osseous soft-tissue component as well as mixed and sclerotic lesions. The pathologies of the non-diagnostic biopsies included large-cell lymphoma, giant-cell tumor, langerhans cell histiocytosis, osteoid osteoma and a non-ossifying fibroma. Conclusion: Initial CT-guided PCNB in extremities’ long bones lesions showed high diagnostic performance in malignant, mixed and/or sclerotic lesions as well as lesions with extra-osseous exophytic tissue growth. Lack of extra-osseous components, benign and lytic lesions all had worse diagnostic performance.

  14. CT-guided needle biopsy performed with modified coaxial technique in patients with refractory or recurrent lymphomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaudio, Francesco; Pedote, Pasquale; Ferrante, Annunziata; Perrone, Tommasina; Ingravallo, Giuseppe; Ianora, Amato Antonio Stabile; Angelelli, Giuseppe; Specchia, Giorgina

    2014-09-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of computed tomography (CT)-guided core needle biopsy (CNB) performed by modified coaxial technique as an alternative tool to surgical biopsy in patients with refractory or recurrent lymphomas. Between May 2005 and May 2012, 57 CT-guided CNB of deep lesions were performed in patients with a previous diagnosis of lymphoma and suspected for refractory or recurrent disease. A modified coaxial technique was used in all cases and multiple samples were obtained for histological and immunohistochemical studies. A diagnosis of lymphoma with specification of subtype according to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification was established in 30/57 cases (52.6 %). The previous diagnosis of lymphoma was confirmed in 27/57 patients (47.4 %), whereas histological progression in 3/57 (5.3 %) and other malignant neoplasms in 17/57 (29.8 %) were found. Lymphoma without subtype specification was diagnosed in 6/57 (10.5 %), and no conclusive diagnosis could be established in 4/57 cases (7 %). Overall diagnostic accuracy was 82.5 %. In patients with a final diagnosis of malignant lymphoma, accuracy was 75 %. No complications occurred. Percutaneous CT-guided CNB is a safe, effective and reliable tool in the management of patients with refractory or recurrent lymphomas without superficial lymphadenopathy and can be considered as alternative to surgical sampling.

  15. Breath-hold after forced expiration before removal of the biopsy needle decreased the rate of pneumothorax in CT-guided transthoracic lung biopsy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Min, Lingfeng; Xu, Xingxiang [Subei People' s Hospital of Jiangsu Province, Clinical Medical School of Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225001, Jiangsu (China); Song, Yong [Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medical, Nanjing 210002, Jiangsu (China); Issahar, Ben-Dov [Pulmonary Institute, Sheba Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv (Israel); Wu, Jingtao; Zhang, Le; Huang, Qian [Subei People' s Hospital of Jiangsu Province, Clinical Medical School of Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225001, Jiangsu (China); Chen, Mingxiang, E-mail: chenmx1129@126.com [Subei People' s Hospital of Jiangsu Province, Clinical Medical School of Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225001, Jiangsu (China)

    2013-01-15

    Purpose: To assess the effect of a breath-hold after forced expiration on the rate of pneumothorax after computed tomography (CT)-guided transthoracic needle biopsy of pulmonary lesions. Materials and methods: Between January 2008 and December 2011, percutaneous CT-guided lung biopsy was performed in 440 patients. Two hundred and twenty-one biopsies were performed without (control group) and two hundred and nineteen biopsies were performed with (study group) the study maneuver – a breath-hold after forced expiratory approach. Multivariate analysis was performed between groups for risk factors for pneumothorax, including patient demographics, lesion characteristics, and biopsy technique. Results: A reduced number of pneumothoraces (18 [8.2%] vs 35 [15.8%]; P = 0.014) but no significant difference in rate of drainage catheter insertions (2 [0.9%] vs (4 [1.8%]; P = 0.418) were noted in the study group as compared with the control group. By logistic regression analysis, three factors significantly and independently affected the risk for pneumothorax including lesion size (transverse and longitudinal diameter), distance from pleura and utilizing or avoiding the breath-hold after deep expiration maneuver. Conclusion: Breath-holding after forced expiration before removal of the biopsy needle during the percutaneous CT-guided transthoracic lung biopsy almost halved the rate of overall pneumothorax. Small lesion size (longitudinal diameter) and the distance from pleura were also predictors of pneumothorax in our study.

  16. Percutaneous CT-guided needle biopsies of musculoskeletal tumors: a 5-year analysis of non-diagnostic biopsies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chang, Connie Y.; Huang, Ambrose J.; Bredella, Miriam A.; Torriani, Martin; Rosenthal, Daniel I. [Massachusetts General Hospital, Division of Musculoskeletal Imaging and Intervention, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); Halpern, Elkan F. [Massachusetts General Hospital, Institute for Technology Assessment, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); Springfield, Dempsey S. [Massachusetts General Hospital, Department of Orthopedics, Boston, MA (United States)

    2015-12-15

    To study non-diagnostic CT-guided musculoskeletal biopsies and take steps to minimize them. Specifically we asked: (1) What malignant diagnoses have a higher non-diagnostic rate? (2) What factors of a non-diagnostic biopsy may warrant more aggressive pursuit? (3) Do intra-procedural frozen pathology (FP) or point-of-care (POC) cytology reduce the non-diagnostic biopsy rate ?This study was IRB-approved and HIPAA-compliant. We retrospectively reviewed 963 consecutive CT-guided musculoskeletal biopsies. We categorized pathology results as malignant, benign, or non-diagnostic and recorded use of FP or POC cytology. Initial biopsy indication, final diagnosis, method of obtaining the final diagnosis of non-diagnostic biopsies, age of the patient, and years of biopsy attending experience were recorded. Groups were compared using Pearson's χ{sup 2} test or Fisher's exact test. In all, 140 of 963 (15 %) biopsies were non-diagnostic. Lymphoma resulted in more non-diagnostic biopsies (P < 0.0001). While 67% of non-diagnostic biopsies yielded benign diagnoses, 33% yielded malignant diagnoses. Patients whose percutaneous biopsy was indicated due to the clinical context without malignancy history almost always generated benign results (96 %). Whereas 56% of biopsies whose indication was an imaging finding of a treatable lesion were malignant, 20% of biopsies whose indication was a history of malignancy were malignant. There was no statistically significant difference in the nondiagnostic biopsy rates of pediatric versus adult patients (P = 0.8) and of biopsy attendings with fewer versus more years of experience (P = 0.5). The non-diagnostic rates of biopsies with FP (8 %), POC cytology (25 %), or neither (24 %) were significantly different (P < 0.0001). Lymphoma is the malignant diagnosis most likely to result in a non-diagnostic biopsy. If the clinical and radiologic suspicion for malignancy is high, repeat biopsy is warranted. If the clinical context suggests a

  17. CT-guided core needle biopsy of mediastinal nodes through a transpulmonary approach: retrospective analysis of the procedures conducted over six years

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yin, Zhongyuan; Liang, Zhiwen; Li, Pengcheng; Wang, Qiong [Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Cancer Center, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Wuhan (China)

    2017-08-15

    To retrospectively evaluate the diagnostic performance and complications of a CT-guided core needle cutting biopsy of mediastinal nodes through a transpulmonary approach. From January 2009 to December 2014, we used a coaxial positioning system and an 18G cutting-type biopsy device to perform CT-guided percutaneous transpulmonary needle biopsies of mediastinal nodes for 127 patients. The diagnostic performance, complication rate, influencing factors, distribution of mediastinal nodes and pathological diagnoses were investigated. Among 127 patients, pathologic analyses showed that all of the biopsies were technically successful. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were all 100%. As for complications, the ratios for pneumothorax and hemoptysis were 33.9% and 4.7%, respectively. Multivariate analyses revealed that the distance from the pleura to the target lesion (P = 0.008) and the numbers of visceral pleura injuries (P = 0.006) were the two most significant risk factors for pneumothorax, and that the distance from the pleura to the target lesion (P = 0.004) was the most significant risk factor for hemoptysis. CT-guided core needle cutting biopsy of mediastinal nodes through a transpulmonary approach is a safe and efficient diagnostic method. (orig.)

  18. Clinical application of CT and CT-guided percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy in patients with indeterminate pulmonary nodules

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cardoso, Luciana Vargas; Souza Júnior, Arthur Soares, E-mail: fabianonatividade@terra.com.br [Rio Preto-Ultra-X Radiological Diagnosis Institute, São José do Rio Preto, SP (Brazil)

    2014-07-15

    Objective: To investigate the clinical application of CT and CT-guided percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy (CT-PTNB) in patients with indeterminate pulmonary nodules (IPNs). Methods: We retrospectively studied 113 patients with PNs undergoing CT and CT-PTNB. Variables such as gender, age at diagnosis, smoking status, CT findings, and CT-PTNB techniques were analyzed. Data analysis was performed with the Student's t-test for independent samples the chi-square test, and normal approximation test for comparison of two proportions. Results: Of the 113 patients studied, 68 (60.2%) were male and 78 (69%) were smokers. The diameter of malignant lesions ranged from 2.6 cm to 10.0 cm. Most of the IPNs (85%) were located in the peripheral region. The biopsied IPNs were found to be malignant in 88 patients (77.8%) and benign in 25 (22.2%). Adenocarcinoma was the most common malignant tumor, affecting older patients. The IPN diameter was significantly greater in patients with malignant PNs than in those with benign IPNs (p < 0.001). Having regular contour correlated significantly with an IPN being benign (p = 0.022), whereas spiculated IPNs and bosselated IPNs were more often malignant (in 50.7% and 28.7%, respectively). Homogeneous attenuation and necrosis were more common in patients with malignant lesions (51.9% and 26.9%, respectively). Conclusions: In our sample, CT and CT-PTNB were useful in distinguishing between malignant and benign IPNs. Advanced age and smoking were significantly associated with malignancy. Certain CT findings related to IPNs (larger diameter, spiculated borders, homogeneous attenuation, and necrosis) were associated with malignancy. (author)

  19. Needle Biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Procedures Needle biopsy Sections About Print Overview Thyroid biopsy Thyroid biopsy During a thyroid biopsy, your doctor uses a ... the needle to the suspicious area. Core needle biopsy Core needle biopsy A core needle biopsy uses ...

  20. Retrospective analysis of technical success rate and procedure-related complications of 867 percutaneous CT-guided needle biopsies of lung lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, M; Choi, J; El-Haddad, G; Sweeney, J; Biebel, B; Robinson, L; Antonia, S; Kumar, A; Kis, B

    2017-12-01

    To investigate the technical success rate and procedure-related complications of computed tomography (CT)-guided needle biopsy of lung lesions and to identify the factors that are correlated with the occurrence of procedure-related complications. This was a single- institution retrospective study of 867 consecutive CT-guided needle biopsies of lung lesions performed on 772 patients in a tertiary cancer centre. The technical success rate and complications were correlated with patient, lung lesion, and procedure-related variables. The technical success rate was 87.2% and the mortality rate was 0.12%. Of the 867 total biopsies 25.7% were associated with pneumothorax, and 6.5% required chest tube drainage. The haemothorax rate was 1.8%. There was positive correlation between the development of pneumothorax and smaller lesion diameter (ptechnical success and a low rate of major complications. The present study has revealed several variables that can be used to identify high-risk procedures. A post-procedural chest X-ray within hours after the procedure is highly recommended to identify high-risk patients who require chest tube placement. Copyright © 2017 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. CT-Guided Percutaneous Biopsy of Intrathoracic Lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lai, Hira; Neyaz, Zafar; Nath, Alok; Borah, Samudra [Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow (India)

    2012-03-15

    Percutaneous CT-guided needle biopsy of mediastinal and pulmonary lesions is a minimally invasive approach for obtaining tissue for histopathological examination. Although it is a widely accepted procedure with relatively few complications, precise planning and detailed knowledge of various aspects of the biopsy procedure is mandatory to avert complications. In this pictorial review, we reviewed important anatomical approaches, technical aspects of the procedure, and its associated complications.

  2. CT guided biopsies as a part of the investigations in findings in the lung and thorax wall

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vagn-Hansen, Chris Aksel; Pedersen, Malene Roland Vils; Rafaelsen, Søren Rafael

    collected the results and information from 520 CT guided thorax biopsies. All biopsies were performed with CT guided “beam-through” technic, using a 64 slice CT scanner. Core needle biopsies were performed with an 18 Gauge core needle in most patients, only in 10 patients a fine needle aspiration...

  3. Rapid needle-out patient-rollover approach after cone beam CT-guided lung biopsy: effect on pneumothorax rate in 1,191 consecutive patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jung Im [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Jongno-gu, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Seoul National University Medical Research Center, Institute of Radiation Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, Kyung Hee University College of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Park, Chang Min; Goo, Jin Mo [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Jongno-gu, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Seoul National University, Cancer Research Institute, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Sang Min [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Jongno-gu, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-07-15

    To investigate the effect of rapid needle-out patient-rollover approach on the incidence of pneumothorax and drainage catheter placement due to pneumothorax in C-arm Cone-beam CT (CBCT)-guided percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy (PTNB) of lung lesions. From May 2011 to December 2012, 1227 PTNBs were performed in 1191 patients with a 17-gauge coaxial needle. 617 biopsies were performed without (conventional-group) and 610 with rapid-rollover approach (rapid-rollover-group). Overall pneumothorax rates and incidences of pneumothorax requiring drainage catheter placement were compared between two groups. There were no significant differences in overall pneumothorax rates between conventional and rapid-rollover groups (19.8 % vs. 23.1 %, p = 0.164). However, pneumothorax rate requiring drainage catheter placement was significantly lower in rapid-rollover-group (1.6 %) than conventional-group (4.2 %) (p = 0.010). Multivariate analysis revealed male, age > 60, bulla crossed, fissure crossed, pleura to target distance > 1.3 cm, emphysema along needle tract, and pleural punctures ≥ 2 were significant risk factors of pneumothorax (p < 0.05). Regarding pneumothorax requiring drainage catheter placement, fissure crossed, bulla crossed, and emphysema along needle tract were significant risk factors (p < 0.05), whereas rapid-rollover approach was an independent protective factor (p = 0.002). The rapid needle-out patient-rollover approach significantly reduced the rate of pneumothorax requiring drainage catheter placement after CBCT-guided PTNB. (orig.)

  4. Complication rates of CT-guided transthoracic lung biopsy: meta-analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heerink, W.J.; Vliegenthart, R. [University Medical Center Groningen, Center for Medical Imaging-North East Netherlands, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Radiology, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Bock, G.H. de [University Medical Center Groningen, Center for Medical Imaging-North East Netherlands, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Epidemiology, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Jonge, G.J. de [University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Radiology, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Groen, H.J.M. [University Medical Center Groningen, Center for Medical Imaging-North East Netherlands, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Oudkerk, M. [University Medical Center Groningen, Center for Medical Imaging-North East Netherlands, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands)

    2017-01-15

    To meta-analyze complication rate in computed tomography (CT)-guided transthoracic lung biopsy and associated risk factors. Four databases were searched from 1/2000 to 8/2015 for studies reporting complications in CT-guided lung biopsy. Overall and major complication rates were pooled and compared between core biopsy and fine needle aspiration (FNA) using the random-effects model. Risk factors for complications in core biopsy and FNA were identified in meta-regression analysis. For core biopsy, 32 articles (8,133 procedures) were included and for FNA, 17 (4,620 procedures). Pooled overall complication rates for core biopsy and FNA were 38.8 % (95 % CI: 34.3-43.5 %) and 24.0 % (95 % CI: 18.2-30.8 %), respectively. Major complication rates were 5.7 % (95 % CI: 4.4-7.4 %) and 4.4 % (95 % CI: 2.7-7.0 %), respectively. Overall complication rate was higher for core biopsy compared to FNA (p < 0.001). For FNA, larger needle diameter was a risk factor for overall complications, and increased traversed lung parenchyma and smaller lesion size were risk factors for major complications. For core biopsy, no significant risk factors were identified. In CT-guided lung biopsy, minor complications were common and occurred more often in core biopsy than FNA. Major complication rate was low. For FNA, smaller nodule diameter, larger needle diameter and increased traversed lung parenchyma were risk factors for complications. (orig.)

  5. CT-guided procedures: evaluation of a phantom system to teach accurate needle placement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dimmick, S. [Department of Radiology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba Queensland (Australia); Jones, M. [Queensland Clinical Trials Centre School of Population Health (University of Queensland), Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba Queensland (Australia); Challen, J. [Department of Radiology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba Queensland (Australia); Iedema, J. [Department of Radiology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba Queensland (Australia); Wattuhewa, U. [Department of Radiology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba Queensland (Australia); Coucher, J. [Department of Radiology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba Queensland (Australia)]. E-mail: john_coucher@health.qld.gov.au

    2007-02-15

    Aim: To evaluate the use of a phantom system to help teach the basic techniques of accurate CT-guided needle placement, thereby avoiding the risks associated with teaching on patients. Materials and Methods: Gelatine phantoms with five, 1.9 cm embedded spherical wooden targets were constructed. Four trainee operators performed 15 simulated biopsy procedures on the targets (series one) and repeated identical procedures 2 weeks later (series two). Statistical analysis of accuracy of needle placement and subject confidence were performed. Results: Significant sequential improvement in axial plane angular error was noted with the average error decreasing by 0.33 degrees after every five procedures performed (95% CI: -0.58 to -0.08, p = 0.01). Operator confidence indicated significant improvement both within each series and from series one to series two (95% CI: 0.08 to 1.17, p = 0.025 and 95% CI: 0.00 to 0.58, p = 0.05) respectively. However, variability in operator performance made statistically significant improvement in other variables unproven. Conclusion: Despite the study comprising a relatively small number of participants and procedures, it clearly demonstrated the effectiveness of teaching operators to perform CT-guided procedures using a phantom system. Needle placement accuracy significantly improved, with a reduction in axial angular error, and improved operator confidence without the risks associated with training on patients. Three of the operators in this study had never performed a CT-guided procedure previously, and their proficiency, after a relatively short but intense period of training, was impressive. The use of phantoms should be considered routinely for basic training of CT-guided needle placement.

  6. Enabling image fusion for a CT guided needle placement robot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seifabadi, Reza; Xu, Sheng; Aalamifar, Fereshteh; Velusamy, Gnanasekar; Puhazhendi, Kaliyappan; Wood, Bradford J.

    2017-03-01

    Purpose: This study presents development and integration of hardware and software that enables ultrasound (US) and computer tomography (CT) fusion for a FDA-approved CT-guided needle placement robot. Having real-time US image registered to a priori-taken intraoperative CT image provides more anatomic information during needle insertion, in order to target hard-to-see lesions or avoid critical structures invisible to CT, track target motion, and to better monitor ablation treatment zone in relation to the tumor location. Method: A passive encoded mechanical arm is developed for the robot in order to hold and track an abdominal US transducer. This 4 degrees of freedom (DOF) arm is designed to attach to the robot end-effector. The arm is locked by default and is released by a press of button. The arm is designed such that the needle is always in plane with US image. The articulated arm is calibrated to improve its accuracy. Custom designed software (OncoNav, NIH) was developed to fuse real-time US image to a priori-taken CT. Results: The accuracy of the end effector before and after passive arm calibration was 7.07mm +/- 4.14mm and 1.74mm +/-1.60mm, respectively. The accuracy of the US image to the arm calibration was 5mm. The feasibility of US-CT fusion using the proposed hardware and software was demonstrated in an abdominal commercial phantom. Conclusions: Calibration significantly improved the accuracy of the arm in US image tracking. Fusion of US to CT using the proposed hardware and software was feasible.

  7. Complication rates of CT-guided transthoracic lung biopsy : meta-analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heerink, W. J.; de Bock, G. H.; de Jonge, G. J.; Groen, H. J. M.; Vliegenthart, R.; Oudkerk, M.

    To meta-analyze complication rate in computed tomography (CT)-guided transthoracic lung biopsy and associated risk factors. Four databases were searched from 1/2000 to 8/2015 for studies reporting complications in CT-guided lung biopsy. Overall and major complication rates were pooled and compared

  8. Needle Biopsy of the Lung

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Physician Resources Professions Site Index A-Z Needle Biopsy of the Lung Needle biopsy of the lung ... Needle Biopsy of Lung Nodules? What is Needle Biopsy of the Lung? A lung nodule is relatively ...

  9. Accessible or Inaccessible? Diagnostic Efficacy of CT-Guided Core Biopsies of Head and Neck Masses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cunningham, Jane D., E-mail: janecunningham0708@gmail.com; McCusker, Mark W.; Power, Sarah; PearlyTi, Joanna; Thornton, John; Brennan, Paul; Lee, Michael J.; O’Hare, Alan; Looby, Seamus [Beaumont Hospital, Department of Radiology (Ireland)

    2015-04-15

    PurposeTissue sampling of lesions in the head and neck is challenging due to complex regional anatomy and sometimes necessitates open surgical biopsy. However, many patients are poor surgical candidates due to comorbidity. Thus, we evaluated the use of CT guidance for establishing histopathological diagnosis of head and neck masses.MethodsAll consecutive patients (n = 22) who underwent CT-guided core biopsy of head or neck masses between April 2009 and August 2012 were retrospectively reviewed using the departmental CT interventional procedures database. The indication for each biopsy performed was to establish or exclude a diagnosis of neoplasia in patients with suspicious head or neck lesions found on clinical examination or imaging studies. Patients received conscious sedation and 18 G, semiautomated core needle biopsies were performed by experienced neuroradiologists using 16-slice multidetector row CT imaging guidance (Somatom Definition Siemens Medical Solutions, Germany). Histopathology results of each biopsy were analysed.ResultsSixteen of 22 biopsies that were performed (73 %) yielded a pathological diagnosis. Anatomic locations biopsied included: masticator (n = 7), parapharyngeal (n = 3), parotid (n = 3), carotid (n = 3), perivertebral (n = 3), pharyngeal (n = 2), and retropharyngeal (n = 1) spaces. Six biopsies (27 %) were nondiagnostic due to inadequate tissue sampling, particularly small biopsy sample size and failure to biopsy the true sampling site due to extensive necrosis. No major complications were encountered.ConclusionsThe use of CT guidance to perform core biopsies of head and neck masses is an effective means of establishing histopathological diagnosis and reduces the need for diagnostic open surgical biopsy and general anaesthesia.

  10. Improved transvenous liver biopsy needle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl; Matzen, P; Christoffersen, P

    1979-01-01

    A modified type of the standard transvenous cholangiography biopsy needle is described. The modified tranvenous liver biopsy needle caused only minimal artefactual changes of the liver biopsy specimens. The new type of biopsy needle is a modified Menghini needle. The conventional Menghini needle...... should be avoided for transvenous catheter biopsies because of risk of leaving catheter fragments in the liver....

  11. The contribution of CT-guided transthoracic lung biopsy to the diagnosis of organising pneumonia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metzger, F; Pernet, D; Manzoni, P; Ranfaing, E; Dalphin, J-C

    2010-09-01

    Organising pneumonia is a pulmonary disease with variable clinical and radiological features and with many differential diagnoses. Diagnosis is based on histology obtained by either transbronchial or surgical lung biopsy but these techniques have several disadvantages. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic yield of CT-guided transthoracic lung biopsy in organising pneumonia and to compare it to the usual diagnostic tools. Six cases of organising pneumonia diagnosed with CT-guided lung biopsy are reported and discussed. The role of CT-guided lung biopsy in the diagnosis of organising pneumonia was also reviewed in the literature. CT-guided transthoracic lung biopsies provided a higher rate of adequate samples than transbronchial biopsies (92-100% versus 77-86%). The samples were larger, which reduced the risks of misdiagnosis and increased the diagnostic yield (88-97% versus 26-55% in pulmonary nodules and 42-100% versus 66-75% in diffuse pulmonary disease). Complications were rare and generally not serious. CT-guided transthoracic lung biopsy may be considered in place of transbronchial biopsy in the diagnosis of organising pneumonia. Surgical lung biopsy remains the gold standard method for diagnosis. Copyright © 2010 SPLF. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  12. Patient and staff dose during CT guided biopsy, drainage and coagulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teeuwisse, W M; Geleijns, J; Broerse, J J; Obermann, W R; van Persijn van Meerten, E L

    2001-08-01

    Patient and staff dose during CT guided coagulation of osteoid osteoma, tissue biopsy and abscess drainage were evaluated retrospectively on a conventional CT scanner and prospectively on a scanner equipped with fluoroscopic CT. The computed tomography dose index (CTDI) and the individual dose equivalent, i.e. the penetrating dose for workers at a depth of 10 mm tissue, were measured. Evaluation of CTDI enabled effective dose and maximum skin entrance doses for the patient to be determined. Doses were assessed for 96 CT guided interventions, including 16 drainages with average effective doses of 13.5 mSv and 9.3 mSv for the conventional CT scanner and the scanner with spiral CT fluoroscopy, respectively, 49 biopsies (effective doses of 8 mSv and 6.1 mSv, respectively), and 31 coagulations of osteoid osteoma (effective doses of 2.1 mSv and 0.8 mSv, respectively). Effective doses to patients were in the same range as those observed for regular diagnostic CT examinations. Entrance skin doses were well below the 2 Gy threshold for deterministic skin effects on the CT scanner equipped with fluoroscopic function (0.03-0.33 Gy), whilst skin doses on the conventional scanner were considerably higher (0.09-1.61 Gy). This is mainly owing to the fact that on the conventional scanner mAs was rarely reduced for scans evaluating needle position whereas low mAs per rotation was selected on the scanner with the fluoroscopy option. The maximum dose to a worker measured outside the lead apron was 28 microSv for one single procedure. The mean dose per procedure was below 10 microSv for radiologists and below 1 microSv for radiographers. Correcting for attenuation of the lead apron, the doses to workers are very low.

  13. CT-guided percutaneous spine biopsy in suspected infection or malignancy. A study of 214 patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rehm, J.; Veith, S.; Kauczor, H.U.; Weber, M.A. [Heidelberg Univ. (Germany). Inst. of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology; Akbar, M. [Heidelberg Univ. (Germany). Dept. of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation Medicine

    2016-12-15

    To retrospectively determine the effectiveness and accuracy of CT-guided percutaneous biopsy of malignant and inflammatory bone lesions of the spine and to assess the reliability of pre-biopsy CT and MRI. 214 patients with lesions of the spine, which were suspicious either for being malignant or inflammatory, underwent CT-guided biopsy for pathological and/or microbiological detection. Biopsy samples were sent for histological examination in 128/214 patients, for microbiological analysis in 17/214 patients and for both analyses in 69/214 patients. Retrospectively, the diagnostic accuracy and sensitivity/specificity of the pre-interventional imaging (CT and MRI) were determined. In addition, the influence of the biopsy on subsequent patient management was assessed. The accuracy was 94.4% for histopathological analysis and 97.7% for microbiological analysis. In 25% of cases the microbiological analysis revealed an underlying pathogen that was not significantly affected by pre-biopsy antibiotic therapy. The sensitivity/specificity of the pre-biopsy cross-sectional imaging concerning suspected malignancy was 69%/78%. For suspected infection, the sensitivity/specificity of pre-biopsy imaging was 81%/44%. In 52% of all cases, the biopsy result changed subsequent patient management. Percutaneous CT-guided spine biopsy is a useful and reliable diagnostic procedure to establish a definitive diagnosis but with a relatively low yield of microorganisms in the case of infection.

  14. Systemic Air Embolism After CT-guided Lung Biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-11-27

    Patients Who Underwent Percutaneous Lung Biopsy Under CT Guidance; Patients Who Presented Systemic Air Embolism After Percutaneous Lung Biopsy Under CT Guidance Depicted at the Time of the Procedure on a Whole Thoracic CT

  15. Preliminary clinical experience with a dedicated interventional robotic system for CT-guided biopsies of lung lesions: a comparison with the conventional manual technique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anzidei, Michele; Argiro, Renato; Porfiri, Andrea; Boni, Fabrizio; Zaccagna, Fulvio; Napoli, Alessandro; Leonardi, Andrea; Bezzi, Mario; Catalano, Carlo [University of Rome, Department of Radiological, Oncological and Anatomopathological Sciences - Radiology - Sapienza, Rome (Italy); Anile, Marco; Venuta, Federico [University of Rome, Department of Thoracic Surgery - Sapienza, Rome (Italy); Vitolo, Domenico [University of Rome, Department of Radiological, Oncological and Anatomopathological Sciences - Pathology - Sapienza, Rome (Italy); Saba, Luca [Department of Radiology, Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria (A.O.U.), di Cagliari-Polo di Monserrato, Monserrato (Italy); Longo, Flavia [University of Rome, Department of Radiological, Oncological and Anatomopathological Sciences - Oncology - Sapienza, Rome (Italy)

    2015-05-01

    Evaluate the performance of a robotic system for CT-guided lung biopsy in comparison to the conventional manual technique. One hundred patients referred for CT-guided lung biopsy were randomly assigned to group A (robot-assisted procedure) or group B (conventional procedure). Size, distance from entry point and position in lung of target lesions were evaluated to assess homogeneity differences between the two groups. Procedure duration, dose length product (DLP), precision of needle positioning, diagnostic performance of the biopsy and rate of complications were evaluated to assess the clinical performance of the robotic system as compared to the conventional technique. All biopsies were successfully performed. The size (p = 0.41), distance from entry point (p = 0.86) and position in lung (p = 0.32) of target lesions were similar in both groups (p = 0.05). Procedure duration and radiation dose were significantly reduced in group A as compared to group B (p = 0.001). Precision of needle positioning, diagnostic performance of the biopsy and rate of complications were similar in both groups (p = 0.05). Robot-assisted CT-guided lung biopsy can be performed safely and with high diagnostic accuracy, reducing procedure duration and radiation dose in comparison to the conventional manual technique. (orig.)

  16. CT-guided biopsy of suspected malignancy: A potential pitfall

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steven Henderson

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Paragangliomas are rare catecholamine-secreting neuro-endocrine tumours that can arise from sympathetic or parasympathetic tissue. Any manipulation of these tumours, without appropriate medical therapy, can result in excess catecholamine release leading to a catecholamine crisis. Neuro-endocrine tumours must be considered prior to interventional biopsy of an unknown soft-tissue mass, and appropriate biochemical investigations should be performed in suspected cases to prevent catastrophic complications.

  17. A robotic needle-positioning and guidance system for CT-guided puncture: Ex vivo results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kettenbach, Joachim; Kara, Levent; Toporek, Grzegorz; Fuerst, Martin; Kronreif, Gernot

    2014-10-01

    To test the feasibility of a robotic needle-guidance platform during CT-guided puncture ex vivo. Thin copper wires inserted into a torso phantom served as targets. The phantom was placed on a carbon plate and the robot-positioning unit (RPU) of the guidance platform (iSYS Medizintechnik GmbH, Kitzbuehel, Austria) was attached. Following CT imaging and automatic registration a double oblique trajectory was planned and the RPU was remotely moved into appropriate position and angulation. A 17G-puncture needle was then manually inserted until the preplanned depth, permanently guided by the RPU. The CT scan was repeated and the distance between the actual needle tip and the target was evaluated. Automatic registration was successful in ten experiments and the median duration of an experiment was 9.6 (6.4-46.0) minutes. The angulation of the needle path in x-y and z-axis was within 15.6° to 32.6°, and -32.8° to 3.2°, respectively and the needle insertion depth was 92.8 ± 14.4 mm. The Euclidean distance between the actual needle tip and the target was 2.3 ± 0.8 (range, 0.9-3.7) mm. Automatic registration and accurate needle placement close to small targets was demonstrated. Study settings and torso phantom were very close to the clinical reality.

  18. Effectiveness of combined use of imprint cytological and histological examination in CT-guided tissue-core biopsy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamagami, Takuji; Yoshimatsu, Rika; Kajiwara, Kenji; Ishikawa, Masaki; Awai, Kazuo [Hiroshima University, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Institute and Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Minami-Ku, Hiroshima (Japan); Matsumoto, Tomohiro; Hasebe, Terumitsu [Tokai University Hachioji Hospital, Tokai University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Hachioji, Tokyo (Japan); Kakizawa, Hideaki [Hiroshima University, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Institute and Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Minami-Ku, Hiroshima (Japan); Hiroshima Red Cross Hospital and Atomic-bomb Survivors Hospital, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Naka-Ku, Hiroshima (Japan); Toyoda, Naoyuki [Hiroshima University, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Institute and Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Minami-Ku, Hiroshima (Japan); National Hospital Organisation Kure Medical Centre, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Kure, Hiroshima (Japan)

    2014-05-15

    This study evaluated the efficacy of the combination of imprint cytology and histology in tissue-core percutaneous biopsy under real-time computed tomography (CT) fluoroscopic guidance. Between October 2009 and June 2013, 156 percutaneous needle biopsies were performed in our institution. Those obtained by tissue-core biopsy underwent both imprint cytological and histological examinations routinely after touch imprint cytology was performed on site to evaluate the samples' sufficiency for cytological and pathological examination. Final diagnosis was confirmed by independent surgical pathology, independent culture results or clinical follow-up. Rates of adequate specimens and precise diagnosis, by combined cytological and histological examination were 100 % (156/156) and 96.2 % (150/156), by cytology 94.4 % (152/156) and 83.3 % (130/156) and by histology 99.3 % (155/156) and 92.3 % (144/156). Precise diagnosis was achieved by combined examinations in 94.7 % (89/94) of thoracic lesions, 97.6 % (40/41) of musculoskeletal lesions, and 100 % (21/21) of abdominal, pelvic and retroperitoneal lesions. In all 104 lesions diagnosed as malignant by CT-guided biopsy and in 30 of 52 diagnosed as benign, specific cell types could be proved by combined examinations. Combined imprint cytology and histology performed after on-site touch imprint cytological evaluation improved the diagnostic ability of CT fluoroscopically guided biopsy. (orig.)

  19. Smartphone-Guided Needle Angle Selection During CT-Guided Procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Sheng; Krishnasamy, Venkatesh; Levy, Elliot; Li, Ming; Tse, Zion Tsz Ho; Wood, Bradford John

    2018-01-01

    In CT-guided intervention, translation from a planned needle insertion angle to the actual insertion angle is estimated only with the physician's visuospatial abilities. An iPhone app was developed to reduce reliance on operator ability to estimate and reproduce angles. The iPhone app overlays the planned angle on the smartphone's camera display in real-time based on the smartphone's orientation. The needle's angle is selected by visually comparing the actual needle with the guideline in the display. If the smartphone's screen is perpendicular to the planned path, the smartphone shows the Bull's-Eye View mode, in which the angle is selected after the needle's hub overlaps the tip in the camera. In phantom studies, we evaluated the accuracies of the hardware, the Guideline mode, and the Bull's-Eye View mode and showed the app's clinical efficacy. A proof-of-concept clinical case was also performed. The hardware accuracy was 0.37° ± 0.27° (mean ± SD). The mean error and navigation time were 1.0° ± 0.9° and 8.7 ± 2.3 seconds for a senior radiologist with 25 years' experience and 1.5° ± 1.3° and 8.0 ± 1.6 seconds for a junior radiologist with 4 years' experience. The accuracy of the Bull's-Eye View mode was 2.9° ± 1.1°. Combined CT and smart-phone guidance was significantly more accurate than CT-only guidance for the first needle pass (p = 0.046), which led to a smaller final targeting error (mean distance from needle tip to target, 2.5 vs 7.9 mm). Mobile devices can be useful for guiding needle-based interventions. The hardware is low cost and widely available. The method is accurate, effective, and easy to implement.

  20. Computed tomography guided needle biopsy: experience from 1,300 procedures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chojniak, Rubens; Isberner, Rony Klaus; Viana, Luciana Marinho; Yu, Liao Shin; Aita, Alessandro Amorim; Soares, Fernando Augusto [Hospital do Cancer A.C. Camargo, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Dept. de Radiologia e Patologia

    2006-01-15

    Context and objective: computed tomography (CT) guided biopsy is widely accepted as effective and safe for diagnosis in many settings. Accuracy depends on target organ and needle type. Cutting needles present advantages over fine needles. This study presents experience from CT guided biopsies performed at an oncology center. Design and setting: retrospective study at Hospital do Cancer A. C. Camargo, Sao Paulo.Methods: 1,300 consecutive CT guided biopsies performed between July 1994 and February 2000 were analyzed. Nodules or masses were suspected as primary malignancy in 845 cases (65%) or metastatic lesion in 455 (35%). 628 lesions were thoracic, 281 abdominal, 208 retroperitoneal, 134 musculoskeletal and 49 head/neck. All biopsies were performed by one radiologist or under his supervision: 765 (59%) with 22-gauge fine-needle/aspiration technique and 535 (41%) with automated 16 or 18-gauge cutting-needle biopsy. Results: adequate samples were obtained in 70-92% of fine-needle and 93-100% of cutting-needle biopsies. The specific diagnosis rates were 54-67% for fine-needle and 82-100% for cutting-needle biopsies, according to biopsy site. For any site, sample adequacy and specific diagnosis rate were always better for cutting-needle biopsy. Among 530 lung biopsies, there were 84 pneumothorax (16%) and two hemothorax (0.3%) cases, with thoracic drainage in 24 (4.9%). Among abdominal and retroperitoneal biopsies, there were two cases of major bleeding and one of peritonitis. Conclusion: both types of needle showed satisfactory results, but cutting-needle biopsy should be used when specific diagnosis is desired without greater incidence of complications. (author)

  1. Percutaneous CT-guided biopsy for lung lesions 1 cm or smaller: the technique, results and complication

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Song, Chi Sung [Boramae Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-05-15

    The author wanted to assess the diagnostic accuracy and safety of percutaneous biopsy for lung lesions 1 cm or smaller; the biopsies were performed on the basis of the modified coaxial technique under CT guidance. Thirty-five patients (22 men and 13 women) 23-76 years old (average age: 56.8 years) with lung lesions 1 cm or smaller underwent CT-guided percutaneous biopsy. Fifteen patients had underlying primary malignancies. After an 18 G guiding cannula was introduced to the border of the small lung lesion via the modified coaxial technique, fine-needle aspiration biopsy with 21 G needle and core tissue biopsies with 19.5 G or 20 G biopsy guns were performed through the lumen of the guiding cannula. The core tissue biopsies were finished after 6 macroscopic core tissue specimens were obtained. When the needle hit the eccentric portion of the small lung lesion, a 'fanning-out' technique with using the guiding cannula was applied to get multiple core tissue specimens from the small lung lesion. The diagnostic accuracy of this method was evaluated and the complications were reviewed. Both the cytopathologic and histopathologic specimens were obtained in all 35 cases. The fanning-out technique was necessary in 15 cases (43%) for obtaining six core tissue specimens from small lesions. The final diagnoses were 17 malignant lesions and 18 benign lesions. Sixteen lesions were true-positive, eighteen were true-negative, none was false-positive and one was false-negative. The overall diagnostic accuracy was 97%. The sensitivity for detecting malignancy and the specificity for benign lesion were 94% and 100%, respectively. The positive and negative predictive values were 100% and 95%, respectively. The diagnostic ability to characterize the specific cell type of the malignant lesion was 94% (16 of 17), that for the benign lesions was 83% (15 of 18), and overall diagnostic ability was 89% (31 of 35). Five patients (14%) developed a pneumopthorax, and one of them (3

  2. Risk factor analysis of pulmonary hemorrhage complicating CT-guided lung biopsy in coaxial and non-coaxial core biopsy techniques in 650 patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nour-Eldin, Nour-Eldin A., E-mail: nour410@hotmail.com [Institute for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Johan Wolfgang Goethe – University Hospital, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60590 Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology Department, Cairo University Hospital, Cairo (Egypt); Alsubhi, Mohammed [Institute for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Johan Wolfgang Goethe – University Hospital, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60590 Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Naguib, Nagy N. [Institute for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Johan Wolfgang Goethe – University Hospital, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60590 Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology Department, Alexandria University Hospital, Alexandria (Egypt); Lehnert, Thomas; Emam, Ahmed; Beeres, Martin; Bodelle, Boris; Koitka, Karen; Vogl, Thomas J.; Jacobi, Volkmar [Institute for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Johan Wolfgang Goethe – University Hospital, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60590 Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

    2014-10-15

    Purpose: To evaluate the risk factors involved in the development of pulmonary hemorrhage complicating CT-guided biopsy of pulmonary lesions in coaxial and non-coaxial techniques. Materials and methods: Retrospective study included CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsies in 650 consecutive patients (407 males, 243 females; mean age 54.6 years, SD: 5.2) from November 2008 to June 2013. Patients were classified according to lung biopsy technique in coaxial group (318 lesions) and non-coaxial group (332 lesions). Exclusion criteria for biopsy were: lesions <5 mm in diameter, uncorrectable coagulopathy, positive-pressure ventilation, severe respiratory compromise, pulmonary arterial hypertension or refusal of the procedure. Risk factors for pulmonary hemorrhage complicating lung biopsy were classified into: (a) patient's related risk factors, (b) lesion's related risk factors and (d) technical risk factors. Radiological assessments were performed by two radiologists in consensus. Mann–Whitney U test and Fisher's exact tests for statistical analysis. p values <0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: Incidence of pulmonary hemorrhage was 19.6% (65/332) in non-coaxial group and 22.3% (71/318) in coaxial group. The difference in incidence between both groups was statistically insignificant (p = 0.27). Hemoptysis developed in 5.4% (18/332) and in 6.3% (20/318) in the non-coaxial and coaxial groups respectively. Traversing pulmonary vessels in the needle biopsy track was a significant risk factor of the development pulmonary hemorrhage (incidence: 55.4% (36/65, p = 0.0003) in the non-coaxial group and 57.7% (41/71, p = 0.0013) in coaxial group). Other significant risk factors included: lesions of less than 2 cm (p value of 0.01 and 0.02 in non-coaxial and coaxial groups respectively), basal and middle zonal lesions in comparison to upper zonal lung lesions (p = 0.002 and 0.03 in non-coaxial and coaxial groups respectively), increased lesion

  3. CT-Guided Percutaneous Lung Biopsies in Patients With Suspicion for Infection May Yield Clinically Useful Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haas, Brian M; Clayton, Joshua D; Elicker, Brett M; Ordovas, Karen G; Naeger, David M

    2017-02-01

    The objective of our study was to assess the frequency and time frame with which CT-guided lung biopsies for suspected infection yield information that can affect patient management. All CT-guided lung biopsies over a 68-month period performed for the purpose of diagnosing a suspected infection were reviewed to determine the proportion that yielded information affecting patient management. Patients were included if infection was the only consideration causing the pulmonary lesion in question. Twenty-one biopsies were performed to identify a specific organism causing infection in patients with suspected infection; all patients were receiving antibiotics, 20 (95%) were immunocompromised, and 15 (71%) had undergone a prior bronchoscopy. Material collected from the biopsy provided a diagnosis in nine (43%) patients, whereas the biopsy results were nondiagnostic in the remaining 12 (57%). Of the nine patients for whom the biopsy yielded a diagnosis, eight biopsies revealed the species causing an infection (38%) and one biopsy (5%) detected posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease. Of the nine diagnoses, management was changed as a result of the biopsy in six patients (29% of all patients). The organisms identified by CT-guided lung biopsy in eight patients were fungi of the order Mucorales (i.e., mucormycosis) (n = 3), Aspergillus (n = 3), Pseudomonas (n = 1), and Nocardia (n = 1). The mean elapsed time between biopsy and pathologic diagnosis was 4 days (median, 3 days). There was no association between prior bronchoscopy and nondiagnostic biopsy results. CT-guided lung biopsies in patients with a high pretest suspicion for infection result in information sufficient to change patient management in 29% of patients. Organisms identified in these patients were most frequently fungi.

  4. CT-guided bone biopsy: Initial experience with a commercially available hand held Black and Decker{sup TM} drill

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buckley, O. [Department of Radiology, Adelaide and Meath, Hospital, Tallaght, Dublin 24 (Ireland); Benfayed, W. [Department of Radiology, Adelaide and Meath, Hospital, Tallaght, Dublin 24 (Ireland); Geoghegan, T. [Department of Radiology, Adelaide and Meath, Hospital, Tallaght, Dublin 24 (Ireland); Al-Ismail, K. [Department of Radiology, King Faisal Hospital (Saudi Arabia); Munk, P.L. [Department of Radiology, Musculo-Skeletal division, Vancouver General Hospital, 899 W. 12th Ave., Vancouver, BC V5Z 1M9 (Canada); Torreggiani, William C. [Department of Radiology, Adelaide and Meath, Hospital, Tallaght, Dublin 24 (Ireland)]. E-mail: william.torreggiani@amnch.ie

    2007-01-15

    Purpose: To describe the use of a simple commercially available Black and Decker{sup TM} hand based drill in performing CT-guided bone biopsies. Materials and methods: Three international institutions were enrolled in the study. In each centre, a fellowship trained musculoskeletal radiologist directed the assessment of a hand based commercial drill for performing CT-guided bone biopsies. A specially designed component was engineered which allowed the connection of a standard bone biopsy set to a commercial drill. The component was distributed to the three centres involved. Over a 3-year period, data from all three institutions was collected. Information regarding technical success, diagnostic data and complication rates were all collated to assess the technical feasibility of this technique. Results: In total 68 patients underwent bone biopsy using a hand held commercial drill. Technical success was achieved in 65 patients. Diagnostic material was obtained in 53 patients. Non-diagnostic material was obtained in 12 patients. Five out of the 12 patients with non-diagnostic material had repeat biopsies with diagnostic material obtained in 2 of these. No major complications occurred in any patient. Conclusion: CT-guided bone biopsy using a hand held commercial drill has a technically high success rate with minimal complications.

  5. Improving CT-guided transthoracic biopsy of mediastinal lesions by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guimaraes, Marcos Duarte; TyngI, Chiang Cheng; Bitencourt, Almir Galvao Vieira; Gross, Jefferson Luiz; Zurstrassen, Charles Edouard, E-mail: marcosduarte500@gmail.com [AC Camargo Cancer Center, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Hochhegger, Bruno [Universidade Federal de Ciencias da Saude de Porto Alegre (UFCSPA), RS (Brazil). Dept. de Radiologia; Benveniste, Marcelo Felipe Kuperman; Odisio, Bruno Calazans [University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Marchiori, Edson [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Petropolis, RJ (Brazil)

    2014-11-15

    Objectives: to evaluate the preliminary results obtained using diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging and the apparent diffusion coefficient for planning computed tomography-guided biopsies of selected mediastinal lesions. Methods: eight patients with mediastinal lesions suspicious for malignancy were referred for computed tomography-guided biopsy. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging and apparent diffusion coefficient measurement were performed to assist in biopsy planning with diffusion/computed tomography fused images. We selected mediastinal lesions that could provide discordant diagnoses depending on the biopsy site, including large heterogeneous masses, lesions associated with lung atelectasis or consolidation, lesions involving large mediastinal vessels and lesions for which the results of biopsy using other methods and histopathological examination were divergent from the clinical and radiological suspicion. Results: in all cases, the biopsy needle was successfully directed to areas of higher signal intensity on diffusion weighted sequences and the lowest apparent diffusion coefficient within the lesion (mean, 0.8 [range, 0.6–1.1]610{sup -3} mm{sup 2}/s), suggesting high cellularity. All biopsies provided adequate material for specific histopathological diagnoses of four lymphomas, two sarcomas and two thymoma s. Conclusion: functional imaging tools, such as diffusion-weighted imaging and the apparent diffusion coefficient, are promising for implementation in noninvasive and imaging-guided procedures. However, additional studies are needed to confirm that mediastinal biopsy can be improved with these techniques. (author)

  6. Ultrasound guided percutaneous fine needle aspiration biopsy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-06-15

    )-guided percutaneous fine needle aspiration biopsy (PFNAB)/US-guided percutaneous needle core biopsy (PNCB) of abdominal lesions is efficacious in diagnosis, is helpful in treatment choice, to evaluate whether various ...

  7. Ultrasound guided percutaneous fine needle aspiration biopsy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    )-guided percutaneous fine needle aspiration biopsy (PFNAB)/US-guided percutaneous needle core biopsy (PNCB) of abdominal lesions is efficacious in diagnosis, is helpful in treatment choice, to evaluate whether various other investigations ...

  8. Simultaneous (18)F-FDOPA PET/CT-guided biopsy and radiofrequency ablation of recurrent neuroendocrine hepatic metastasis: further step toward a theranostic approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imperiale, Alessio; Garnon, Julien; Bachellier, Philippe; Gangi, Afshin; Namer, Izzie Jacques

    2015-06-01

    PET/CT-guided biopsy may be useful to confirm the metabolic findings when conventional imaging fails to show morphological abnormalities. Herein, we report the results of simultaneous F-FDOPA (fluorodihydroxyphenylalanine) PET/CT-guided biopsy and RFA (radiofrequency ablation) in 1 patient with hepatic metastatic evolution of a well-differentiated ileal neuroendocrine tumor. Beyond FDG, FDOPA could be successfully recommended in patients with neuroendocrine tumor for planning PET/CT-guided diagnostic biopsy, ablative treatment, and immediate efficacy assessment in a 1-step examination.

  9. Does biopsy needle traversing through central portion of lesion increase the risk of hemoptysis during percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chia-Hung; Huang, Wei-Ming; Liang, Shih-Hsuan; Jhou, Zong-Yi; Chen, Chien-Wen; Chien, Yu-Chan; Lin, Hui-Chen; Wang, Chih-Hsin; Huang, Chun-Chao; Liao, Wei-Ni; Huang, Chung-Yao

    2018-01-19

    To evaluate whether traversal through the central part of a pulmonary lesion by a biopsy needle, and other factors, increases the risk of hemoptysis in patients undergoing CT-guided percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy (PTNB). From July 2012 to November 2016, 227 patients undergoing 233 procedures were recruited as our study population. Patients were classified according to the occurrence of hemoptysis. Radiological assessments were performed by reviewing multiplanar reconstructed CT images. Other factors complicating PTNB-related hemoptysis were classified into (1) patient-related variables: age, gender, presence of emphysema; (2) lesion-related variables: size, location, distance to pleura, characteristics, presence of and degree of enhancement, histopathology of biopsy results; and (3) procedure-related variables: lesion depth, patient's body position. Twenty-two cases (9.4%) experienced hemoptysis. Univariate analysis revealed that subsolid lesions (p = 0.031) and lesion depth > 1 cm (p = 0.049) were risk factors. Traversal through the central part of the lesion by the biopsy needle was not a risk factor. Traversal through the central part of the lesion by the biopsy needle is not a risk factor of PTNB-related hemoptysis, but subsolid lesions and lesion depth > 1 cm increase the risk of hemoptysis.

  10. [Cerebral cysticercosis presenting as a solitary cyst. Diagnosis and treatment with CT-guided stereotactic biopsy--case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashimoto, T; Takashima, T; Iwabuchi, K; Sueyoshi, K

    1989-06-01

    The patient, a 52-year-old male, experienced a generalized convulsive seizure. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a solitary, noncalcified cyst, 1 x 2 cm in diameter, in the left occipital lobe, without contrast enhancement. No other lesions were found in systemic soft tissues, skeletal muscles, or the eyes. A CT-guided stereotactic biopsy was performed through an occipital burr hole, and the diagnosis was cerebral cysticercosis. Although cysticercosis is still common in Mexico, Chile, and India, its occurrence has rarely been reported in Japan, especially since World War II. Intraparenchymal calcification and cystic lesions are common CT findings. However, in this case, a non-enhancing solitary cyst was the only CT finding. The authors review the literature and discuss the CT features and the usefulness of CT-guided stereotactic biopsy in the diagnosis and treatment of cysticercosis.

  11. Evaluation of chronic infectious interstitial pulmonary disease in children by low-dose CT-guided transthoracic lung biopsy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heyer, Christoph M.; Lemburg, Stefan P.; Kagel, Thomas; Nicolas, Volkmar [Ruhr-University of Bochum, Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, Interventional Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, BG Clinics Bergmannsheil, Bochum (Germany); Mueller, Klaus-Michael [Ruhr-University of Bochum, Institute of Pathology, BG Clinics Bergmannsheil, Bochum (Germany); Nuesslein, Thomas G.; Rieger, Christian H.L. [Ruhr-University of Bochum, Pediatric Hospital, Bochum (Germany)

    2005-07-01

    Children with chronic infectious interstitial lung disease often have to undergo open lung biopsy to establish a final diagnosis. Open lung biopsy is an invasive procedure with major potential complications. Transthoracic lung biopsy (TLB) guided by computed tomography (CT) is a less-invasive well-established procedure in adults. Detailing the role of low-dose CT-guided TLB in the enhanced diagnosis of chronic lung diseases related to infection in children. A group of 11 children (age 8 months to 16 years) underwent CT-guided TLB with a 20-gauge biopsy device. All investigations were done under general anaesthesia on a multidetector CT scanner (SOMATOM Volume Zoom, Siemens, Erlangen, Germany) using a low-dose protocol (single slices, 120 kV, 20 mAs). Specimens were processed by histopathological, bacteriological, and virological techniques. All biopsies were performed without major complications; one child developed a small pneumothorax that resolved spontaneously. A diagnosis could be obtained in 10 of the 11 patients. Biopsy specimens revealed chronic interstitial alveolitis in ten patients. In five patients Chlamydia pneumoniae PCR was positive, in three Mycoplasma pneumoniae PCR was positive, and in two Cytomegalovirus PCR was positive. The average effective dose was 0.83 mSv. Low-dose CT-guided TLB can be a helpful tool in investigating chronic infectious inflammatory processes in children with minimal radiation exposure. It should be considered prior to any open surgical procedure performed for biopsy alone. In our patient group no significant complication occurred. A disadvantage of the method is that it does not allow smaller airways and vessels to be assessed. (orig.)

  12. CT-Guided Bone Biopsies in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: Factors Predictive of Maximum Tumor Yield.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmes, Michael G; Foss, Erik; Joseph, Gabby; Foye, Adam; Beckett, Brooke; Motamedi, Daria; Youngren, Jack; Thomas, George V; Huang, Jiaoti; Aggarwal, Rahul; Alumkal, Joshi J; Beer, Tomasz M; Small, Eric J; Link, Thomas M

    2017-08-01

    To evaluate the success rate of CT-guided bone biopsies in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) and to investigate associated technical, imaging, and clinical parameters affecting diagnostic yields. Eighty CT-guided bone biopsy specimens were obtained from 72 men (median age, 68 y; range, 49-89 y) enrolled in a multicenter trial to identify mechanisms of resistance in mCRPC. Successful biopsy was determined by histologic confirmation of tumor cells and successful isolation of RNA for molecular analysis. The overall success rate of CT-guided bone biopsies was 69% (55/80) based on histology and 64% (35/55) based on isolation of molecular material for RNA sequencing. Biopsies performed in lesions with areas of radiolucency had significantly higher diagnostic yields compared with lesions of predominantly dense sclerosis (95% vs 33%; P = .002) and lesions of predominantly subtle sclerosis (95% vs 65%; P = .04). Success rates increased in lesions with density ≤ 475 HU (79% for ≤ 475 HU vs 33% for > 475 HU; P = .001) and in lesions with ill-defined margins (76% for ill-defined margins vs 36% for well-circumscribed margins; P = .005). Alkaline phosphatase was the only clinical parameter to correlate significantly with diagnostic yield (83% for > 110 U/L vs 50% for ≤ 110 U/L; P = .001). Image-guided bone tumor biopsies can be successfully used to acquire cellular and molecular material for analyses in patients with osteoblastic prostate cancer metastases. Diagnostic yields are significantly increased in lesions with areas of radiolucency, density ≤ 475 HU, ill-defined margins, and interval growth and in patients with alkaline phosphatase > 110 U/L. Copyright © 2017 SIR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Freehand biopsy guided by electromagnetic needle tracking

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ewertsen, C; Nielsen, Marie Kristina Rue; Nielsen, M Bachmann

    2011-01-01

    To evaluate the overall accuracy and time spent on biopsy guided by electromagnetic needle tracking in a phantom compared with the standard technique of US-guided biopsy with an attached steering device. Furthermore, to evaluate off-plane biopsy guided by needle tracking....

  14. Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy of the Thyroid

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy of the Thyroid An ultrasound-guided thyroid biopsy uses sound waves ... Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy of the Thyroid? During a fine needle aspiration biopsy of the ...

  15. Utility of transthoracic needle biopsy after lung transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kavanagh, John; Siemienowicz, Miranda; Keshavjee, Shaf; Rogalla, Patrik; Singer, Lianne; Kandel, Sonja

    2017-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic yield and complications of CT-guided transthoracic needle biopsy (TTNB) after lung transplantation. A database search identified all TTNB performed in lung transplant patients over a 14-year period. Forty-two biopsies in transplant patients (transplant group) were identified and matched to the next biopsy performed in native lungs by the same operator (nontransplant group) as a control. Primary outcomes recorded were diagnosis, diagnostic yield, pneumothorax requiring intervention, and symptomatic pulmonary hemorrhage. Biopsy outcomes were classified as diagnostic, not specifically diagnostic, and nondiagnostic. Patients in the transplant group were younger (P < .002). Emphysema along the biopsy trajectory was more commonly seen in the nontransplant group (P < .0006). Needle gauge, size of lesion, pleural punctures, lesion depth, and number of passes were not significantly different. Diagnostic yield was 71% in the transplant group and 91% in the nontransplant group. There were 20 of 42 (48%) malignant nodules in the transplant group compared to 31 of 44 (70%) nodules in the nontransplant group (P = .05). There were no complications in the transplant group. The nontransplant group had two pneumothoraces requiring intervention. TTNB after lung transplant is safe with a moderate diagnostic yield. Nonmalignant lesions are more common after lung transplantation. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  16. Pneumothorax Complicating Coaxial and Non-coaxial CT-Guided Lung Biopsy: Comparative Analysis of Determining Risk Factors and Management of Pneumothorax in a Retrospective Review of 650 Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nour-Eldin, Nour-Eldin A; Alsubhi, Mohammed; Emam, Ahmed; Lehnert, Thomas; Beeres, Martin; Jacobi, Volkmar; Gruber-Rouh, Tatjana; Scholtz, Jan-Erik; Vogl, Thomas J; Naguib, Nagy N

    2016-02-01

    To assess the scope and determining risk factors related to the development of pneumothorax throughout CT-guided biopsy of pulmonary lesions in coaxial and non-coaxial techniques and the outcome of its management. The study included CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsies in 650 consecutive patients (407 males, 243 females; mean age 54.6 years, SD 5.2) from November 2008 to June 2013 in a retrospective design. Patients were classified according to lung biopsy technique into coaxial group (318 lesions) and non-coaxial group (332 lesions). Exclusion criteria for biopsy were lesions respiratory compromise, pulmonary arterial hypertension, or refusal of the procedure. Risk factors related to the occurrence of pneumothorax were classified into: (a) Technical risk factors, (b) patient-related risk factors, and (c) lesion-associated risk factors. Radiological assessments were performed by two radiologists in consensus. Mann-Whitney U test and Fisher's exact tests were used for statistical analysis. p values Manual evacuation of pneumothorax was efficient in 44/51 patients (86.3 %) in both groups and intercostal chest tube was applied after failure of manual evacuation (7 patients: 13.7 %), from which one patient developed a persistent air leakage necessitating pleurodesis. Pneumothorax complicating CT-guided core biopsy of pulmonary lesions, showed the insignificant difference between coaxial and non-coaxial techniques. However, both techniques have the same significant risk factors including small and basal lesions, increased lesion's depth from pleural surface, and increased length of aerated lung parenchyma crossed by biopsy needle and passing through pulmonary fissures in the needle tract.

  17. Needle muscle biopsy and its application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meng-long CHEN

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Needle muscle biopsy is a straightforward and reliable minimally-invasive technique. During the past century, the needle biopsy can provide adequate samples and the technique has gradually gained wider acceptance. Compared with open biopsy, needle biopsy is less traumatic, with low rate of complications, and is suitable for the identifications and evaluations of muscular dystrophy, inflammatory myopathies and systemic diseases involving muscles, specially for infants and young children. Domestic insiders should be encouraged to apply this technique. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-6731.2015.06.003 

  18. NEEDLE BIOPSY IN DIAGNOSIS OF PROSTATIC CANCER

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaufman, Joseph J.; Rosenthal, Milton; Goodwin, Willard E.

    1954-01-01

    Four methods available for the diagnosis of carcinoma of the prostate—digital rectal evaluation, prostatic smear, needle biopsy and open perineal or transurethral biopsy—were studied and correlated. One hundred ten patients with clinical indications of cancer of the prostate were subjected to needle biopsy and open perineal or transurethral biopsy. Seventy of the same patients had prostatic smear examination. Using the open perineal biopsy or the positive transurethral biopsy as the standard, the accuracy of prostatic palpation, prostatic smear and needle biopsy were obtained. A high degree of correlation (74 per cent) was demonstrated between digital rectal evaluation and positive surgical biopsies in both early and late cases. There were 17 false positive clinical diagnoses. The prostatic smear showed an overall correlation of 45 per cent when compared with the results of positive surgical biopsy. The overall accuracy of needle biopsy was 73 per cent. However, in the last 39 cases, including eight in which the carcinomas were of groups A and B (curable), the needle accuracy was 100 per cent. When there is clinical indication of malignant disease of the prostate, needle biopsy of the lesion is warranted and should be done before definitive or palliative treatment is undertaken. ImagesFigure 1.Figure 2.Figure 3.Figure 4. PMID:13209358

  19. Pulmonary emphysema is a predictor of pneumothorax after CT-guided transthoracic pulmonary biopsies of pulmonary nodules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lendeckel, Derik; Kromrey, Marie-Luise; Ittermann, Till; Schäfer, Sophia; Mensel, Birger; Kühn, Jens-Peter

    2017-01-01

    Purpose Pneumothoraces are the most frequently occurring complications of CT-guided percutaneous transthoracic pulmonary biopsies (PTPB). The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of pre-diagnostic lung emphysema on the incidence and extent of pneumothoraces and to establish a risk stratification for the evaluation of the pre-procedure complication probability. Material and methods CT-guided PTPB of 100 pre-selected patients (mean age 67.1±12.8 years) were retrospectively enrolled from a single center database of 235 PTPB performed between 2012–2014. Patients were grouped according to pneumothorax appearance directly after PTPB (group I: without pneumothorax, n = 50; group II: with pneumothorax, n = 50). Group II was further divided according to post-interventional treatment (group IIa: chest tube placement, n = 24; group IIb: conservative therapy, n = 26). For each patient pre-diagnostic percentage of emphysema was quantified using CT density analysis. Emphysema stages were compared between groups using bivariate analyses and multinomial logistic regression analyses. Results Emphysema percentage was significantly associated with the occurrence of post-interventional pneumothorax (p = 0.006). Adjusted for potential confounders (age, gender, lesion size and length of interventional pathway) the study yielded an OR of 1.07 (p = 0.042). Absolute risk of pneumothorax increased from 43.4% at an emphysema rate of 5% to 73.8% at 25%. No differences could be seen in patients with pneumothorax between percentage of emphysema and mode of therapy (p = 0.721). Conclusion The rate of lung emphysema is proportionally related to the incidence of pneumothorax after CT-guided PTPB and allows pre-interventional risk stratification. There is no association between stage of emphysema and post-interventional requirement of chest tube placement. PMID:28574995

  20. CT-guided core biopsy and percutaneous fiducial seed placement in the lung: Can these procedures be combined without an increase in complication rate or decrease in technical success?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mendiratta-Lala, Mishal [Henry Ford Hospital, Department of Radiology, Abdominal Interventional Radiology, 2799 West Grand Blvd, Detroit, MI 48202 (United States); Sheiman, Robert, E-mail: rsheiman@bidmc.harvard.edu [Beth Israel Deaconess Hospital, Department of Radiology, Abdominal Imaging, One Deaconess Road, Boston, MA 02215 (United States); Brook, Olga R. [Beth Israel Deaconess Hospital, Department of Radiology, Abdominal Imaging, One Deaconess Road, Boston, MA 02215 (United States); Gourtsoyianni, Sofia [King' s College London, St Thomas’ Hospital, Lambeth Palace Road, SE1 7EH London (United Kingdom); Mahadevan, Anand [Beth Israel Deaconess Hospital, Radiation Oncology, One Deaconess Road, Boston, MA 02215 (United States); Siewert, Bettina [Beth Israel Deaconess Hospital, Department of Radiology, Abdominal Imaging, One Deaconess Road, Boston, MA 02215 (United States)

    2014-04-15

    Objective: To determine if concomitant CT-guided biopsy and percutaneous fiducial seed placement in the lung can be performed in a selective patient population without increased complication or decreased success rates compared to either procedure alone. Materials and methods: An IRB approved retrospective analysis of 285 consecutive patients that underwent CT-guided placement of fiducial seeds in the lung alone (N = 63), with concomitant core biopsy (N = 53) or only core biopsy (N = 169) was performed. Variables compared included: patient demographics, lesion size, depth from pleura, needle size, number of passes through pleura, number and size of core biopsies, number of seeds placed and technical success rates. Statistical analysis was performed using univariate and multivariate pair-wise comparisons. Results: A pathologic diagnosis of malignancy was confirmed in all cases undergoing seed placement alone and seed placement with concurrent biopsy, and in 144 of the biopsy alone lesions. On univariate analysis, major complication rates were similar for all three groups as were lesion size, depth, number of pleural passes, and technical success. Pair-wise comparisons of the remaining variables demonstrated a significant younger age and smaller needle size in the biopsy only group, and less minor complications in the fiducial only group. Overall there were 80/285 (28.1%) minor and 29/285 (10.2%) major complications. All major complications leading to admission consisted of either pneumothorax or hemothorax, while minor complications included asymptomatic stable or resolving pneumothoraces, transient hemoptysis or small hemothoraces. Conclusions: A combined procedure of percutaneous pulmonary core biopsy and stereotactic seed placement can be performed without additional risk of a major complication when compared to performing these separately.

  1. FDG-PET/CT-guided biopsy of bone metastases sets a new course in patient management after extensive imaging and multiple futile biopsies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Werner, M K; Aschoff, P; Reimold, M; Pfannenberg, C

    2011-03-01

    A 73-year-old man with a history of prostate and bladder carcinoma and persistent back pain was diagnosed by MRI with multiple vertebral metastases including a compression fracture of T7. He received radiotherapy for pain relief and for vertebral instability with incipient spinal stenosis, but additional targeted systemic therapy was intended. Therefore, multiple attempts at minimally invasive and open biopsies for histological characterisation of the bone metastases were performed, but failed to provide a conclusive specimen, although CT, MRI and bone scintigraphy were used for biopsy planning. Only histopathological analysis of an (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET)/CT-guided additional biopsy at a site with high metabolic activity yielded the final diagnosis of bone metastases of a neuroendocrine small cell cancer of unknown origin; hence, the patient had a third malignancy requiring a different therapy regimen and diagnostic work-up.

  2. Percutaneous computed tomography-guided core needle biopsy of soft tissue tumors: results and correlation with surgical specimen analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chojniak, Rubens; Grigio, Henrique Ramos; Bitencourt, Almir Galvao Vieira; Pinto, Paula Nicole Vieira; Tyng, Chiang J.; Cunha, Isabela Werneck da; Aguiar Junior, Samuel; Lopes, Ademar, E-mail: chojniak@uol.com.br [Hospital A.C. Camargo, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2012-09-15

    Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous computed tomography (CT)-guided core needle biopsy of soft tissue tumors in obtaining appropriate samples for histological analysis, and compare its diagnosis with the results of the surgical pathology as available. Materials and Methods: The authors reviewed medical records, imaging and histological reports of 262 patients with soft-tissue tumors submitted to CT-guided core needle biopsy in an oncologic reference center between 2003 and 2009. Results: Appropriate samples were obtained in 215 (82.1%) out of the 262 patients. The most prevalent tumors were sarcomas (38.6%), metastatic carcinomas (28.8%), benign mesenchymal tumors (20.5%) and lymphomas (9.3%). Histological grading was feasible in 92.8% of sarcoma patients, with the majority of them (77.9%) being classified as high grade tumors. Out of the total sample, 116 patients (44.3%) underwent surgical excision and diagnosis confirmation. Core biopsy demonstrated 94.6% accuracy in the identification of sarcomas, with 96.4% sensitivity and 89.5% specificity. A significant intermethod agreement about histological grading was observed between core biopsy and surgical resection (p < 0.001; kappa = 0.75). Conclusion: CT-guided core needle biopsy demonstrated a high diagnostic accuracy in the evaluation of soft tissue tumors as well as in the histological grading of sarcomas, allowing an appropriate therapeutic planning (author)

  3. Development of a robotic FD-CT-guided navigation system for needle placement-preliminary accuracy tests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tovar-Arriaga, Saúl; Tita, Ralf; Pedraza-Ortega, Jesús Carlos; Gorrostieta, Efren; Kalender, Willi A

    2011-06-01

    A needle placement system using a serial robot arm for manipulation of biopsy and/or treatment needles is introduced. A method for fast calibration of the robot and the preliminary accuracy tests of the robotic system are presented. The setup consists of a DLR/KUKA Light Weight Robot III especially designed for safe human/robot interaction mounted on a mobile platform, a robot-driven angiographic C-arm system and a navigation system. Calibration of the robot with the navigation system has a residual error of 0.23 mm (rms) with a standard deviation of ± 0.1 mm. Needle targeting accuracy with different trajectories was 1.2 mm (rms) with a standard deviation of ± 0.4 mm. Robot absolute positioning accuracy was reduced to the navigation camera accuracy. The approach includes control strategies that may be very useful for interventional applications. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  4. Pneumothorax Complicating Coaxial and Non-coaxial CT-Guided Lung Biopsy: Comparative Analysis of Determining Risk Factors and Management of Pneumothorax in a Retrospective Review of 650 Patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nour-Eldin, Nour-Eldin A., E-mail: nour410@hotmail.com; Alsubhi, Mohammed, E-mail: mohammedal-subhi@yahoo.com; Emam, Ahmed, E-mail: morgan101002@hotmail.com; Lehnert, Thomas, E-mail: thomas.lehnert@kgu.de; Beeres, Martin, E-mail: beeres@gmx.net; Jacobi, Volkmar, E-mail: volkmar.jacobi@kgu.de; Gruber-Rouh, Tatjana, E-mail: tatjanagruber2004@yahoo.com; Scholtz, Jan-Erik, E-mail: janerikscholtz@gmail.com; Vogl, Thomas J., E-mail: t.vogl@em.uni-frankfurt.de; Naguib, Nagy N., E-mail: nagynnn@yahoo.com [Johan Wolfgang Goethe – University Hospital, Institute for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany)

    2016-02-15

    PurposeTo assess the scope and determining risk factors related to the development of pneumothorax throughout CT-guided biopsy of pulmonary lesions in coaxial and non-coaxial techniques and the outcome of its management.Materials and MethodsThe study included CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsies in 650 consecutive patients (407 males, 243 females; mean age 54.6 years, SD 5.2) from November 2008 to June 2013 in a retrospective design. Patients were classified according to lung biopsy technique into coaxial group (318 lesions) and non-coaxial group (332 lesions). Exclusion criteria for biopsy were lesions <5 mm in diameter, uncorrectable coagulopathy, positive-pressure ventilation, severe respiratory compromise, pulmonary arterial hypertension, or refusal of the procedure. Risk factors related to the occurrence of pneumothorax were classified into: (a) Technical risk factors, (b) patient-related risk factors, and (c) lesion-associated risk factors. Radiological assessments were performed by two radiologists in consensus. Mann–Whitney U test and Fisher’s exact tests were used for statistical analysis. p values <0.05 were considered statistically significant.ResultsThe incidence of pneumothorax complicating CT-guided lung biopsy was less in the non-coaxial group (23.2 %, 77 out of 332) than the coaxial group (27 %, 86 out of 318). However, the difference in incidence between both groups was statistically insignificant (p = 0.14). Significant risk factors for the development of pneumothorax in both groups were emphysema (p < 0.001 in both groups), traversing a fissure with the biopsy needle (p value 0.005 in non-coaxial group and 0.001 in coaxial group), small lesion, less than 2 cm in diameter (p value of 0.02 in both groups), location of the lesion in the basal or mid sections of the lung (p = 0.003 and <0.001 in non-coaxial and coaxial groups, respectively), and increased needle track path within the lung tissue of more than 2.5 cm (p = 0.01 in both

  5. Predictors of technical success and rate of complications of image-guided percutaneous transthoracic lung needle biopsy of pulmonary tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otto, Stephan; Mensel, Birger; Friedrich, Nele; Schäfer, Sophia; Mahlke, Christoph; von Bernstorff, Wolfram; Bock, Karen; Hosten, Norbert; Kühn, Jens-Peter

    2015-01-01

    To investigate predictors of technical success and complications of computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy of potentially malignant pulmonary tumors. From 2008 to 2009, technical success and rate of complications of CT-guided percutaneous transthoracic lung needle biopsies of patients with suspicious pulmonary tumors were retrospectively evaluated. The influence on technical success and rate of complications was assessed for intervention-related predictors (lesion diameter, length of biopsy pathway, number of pleural transgressions, and needle size) and patient-related predictors (age, gender, reduced lung function). In addition, technical success and rate of complications were compared between different interventional radiologists. One hundred thirty-eight patients underwent biopsies by 15 interventional radiologists. The overall technical success rate was 84.1% and was significantly different between interventional radiologists (range 25%-100%; ptechnical success rate. The overall complication rate was 59.4% with 39.1% minor complications and 21.0% major complications. The rate of complications was influenced by lesion diameter and distance of biopsy pathway. Interventional radiologist-related rates of complications were not statistically different. Technical success of percutaneous, transthoracic lung needle biopsies of pulmonary tumors is probably dependent on the interventional radiologist. In addition, lesion diameter and length of biopsy pathway are predictors of the rate of complications.

  6. CT-guided percutaneous ethanol injection with disposable curved needle for treatment of malignant liver neoplasms and their metastases in retroperitoneal lymph nodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuo, Chang-Jing; Wang, Pei-Jun; Shao, Cheng-Wei; Wang, Min-Jie; Tian, Jian-Ming; Xiao, Yi; Ren, Fang-Yuan; Hao, Xi-Yan; Yuan, Min

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To explore the feasibility of computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) using a disposable curved needle for treatment of malignant liver neoplasms and their metastases in retroperitoneal lymph nodes. METHODS: CT-guided PEI was conducted using a disposable curved needle in 26 malignant liver tumors smaller than 5 cm in diameter and 5 lymph node metastases of liver cancer in the retroperitoneal space. The disposable curved needle was composed of a straight trocar (21G) and stylet, a disposable curved tip (25 G) and a fine stylet. For the tumors found in deep sites and difficult to reach, or for hepatic masses inaccessible to the injection using a straight needle because of portal vein and bile ducts, the straight trocar was used at first to reach the side of the tumor. Then, the disposable curved needle was used via the trocar. When the needle reached the tumor center, appropriate amount of ethanol was injected. For relatively large malignant liver tumors, multi-point injection was carried out for a better distribution of the ethanol injected throughout the masses. The curved needle was also used for treatment of the metastasis in retroperitoneal lymph nodes blocked by blood vessels and inaccessible by the straight needle. RESULTS: All of the 26 liver tumors received 2 or more times of successful PEI, through which ethanol was distributed throughout the whole tumor mass. Effect of the treatment was monitored by contrast-enhanced multi-phase CT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations three months later. Of the 18 lesions whose diameters were smaller than 3 cm, the necrotic change across the whole mass and that in most areas were observed in 15 and 3 tumors, respectively. Among the 8 tumors sizing up to 5 cm, 5 were completely necrotic and 3 largely necrotic. Levels of tumor seromarkers were significantly reduced in some of the cases. In 5 patients with metastases of liver cancer in retroperitoneal lymph nodes who received 1

  7. Comparison of CT Fluoroscopy-Guided Manual and CT-Guided Robotic Positioning System for In Vivo Needle Placements in Swine Liver

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cornelis, F.; Takaki, H. [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Interventional Radiology Service, Department of Radiology (United States); Laskhmanan, M. [Perfint Healthcare Inc (India); Durack, J. C.; Erinjeri, J. P.; Getrajdman, G. I.; Maybody, M.; Sofocleous, C. T.; Solomon, S. B.; Srimathveeravalli, G., E-mail: srimaths@mskcc.org [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Interventional Radiology Service, Department of Radiology (United States)

    2015-10-15

    PurposeTo compare CT fluoroscopy-guided manual and CT-guided robotic positioning system (RPS)-assisted needle placement by experienced IR physicians to targets in swine liver.Materials and MethodsManual and RPS-assisted needle placement was performed by six experienced IR physicians to four 5 mm fiducial seeds placed in swine liver (n = 6). Placement performance was assessed for placement accuracy, procedure time, number of confirmatory scans, needle manipulations, and procedure radiation dose. Intra-modality difference in performance for each physician was assessed using paired t test. Inter-physician performance variation for each modality was analyzed using Kruskal–Wallis test.ResultsPaired comparison of manual and RPS-assisted placements to a target by the same physician indicated accuracy outcomes was not statistically different (manual: 4.53 mm; RPS: 4.66 mm; p = 0.41), but manual placement resulted in higher total radiation dose (manual: 1075.77 mGy/cm; RPS: 636.4 mGy/cm; p = 0.03), required more confirmation scans (manual: 6.6; RPS: 1.6; p < 0.0001) and needle manipulations (manual: 4.6; RPS: 0.4; p < 0.0001). Procedure time for RPS was longer than manual placement (manual: 6.12 min; RPS: 9.7 min; p = 0.0003). Comparison of inter-physician performance during manual placement indicated significant differences in the time taken to complete placements (p = 0.008) and number of repositions (p = 0.04) but not in other study measures (p > 0.05). Comparison of inter-physician performance during RPS-assisted placement suggested statistically significant differences in procedure time (p = 0.02) and not in other study measures (p > 0.05).ConclusionsCT-guided RPS-assisted needle placement reduced radiation dose, number of confirmatory scans, and needle manipulations when compared to manual needle placement by experienced IR physicians, with equivalent accuracy.

  8. Percutaneous core needle biopsies: The yield in spinal tuberculosis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background. Current recommendations for spinal tuberculosis (TB) not requiring open surgery include core needle biopsy to confirm TB and determine drug sensitivity. International figures show the positive culture yield from core needle biopsies is 50 - 83%. Objectives. To (i) assess the yield of percutaneous needle ...

  9. Complications in CT-guided, semi-automatic coaxial core biopsy of potentially malignant pulmonary lesions; Komplikationen bei CT-gesteuerter, koaxialer Stanzbiopsie malignomverdaechtiger Lungenherde in halbautomatischer Technik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schulze, R. [Klinik Loewenstein (Germany). Dept. of Radiology; Seebacher, G.; Enderes, B.; Kugler, G.; Graeter, T.P. [Klinik Loewenstein (Germany). Dept. of Thoracic and Vascular Surgery; Fischer, J.R. [Klinik Loewenstein (Germany). Dept. of Oncology

    2015-08-15

    Histological verification of pulmonary lesions is important to ensure correct treatment. Computed tomographic (CT) transthoracic core biopsy is a well-established procedure for this. Comparison of available studies is difficult though, as technical and patient characteristics vary. Using a standardized biopsy technique, we evaluated our results for CT-guided coaxial core biopsy in a semi-automatic technique. Within 2 years, 664 consecutive transpulmonary biopsies were analyzed retrospectively. All interventions were performed using a 17/18G semi-automatic core biopsy system (4 to 8 specimens). The incidence of complications and technical and patient-dependent risk factors were evaluated. Comparing the histology with the final diagnosis, the sensitivity was 96.3 %, and the specificity was 100 %. 24 procedures were not diagnostic. In all others immunohistological staining was possible. The main complication was pneumothorax (PT, 21.7 %), with chest tube insertion in 6 % of the procedures (n = 40). Bleeding without therapeutic consequences was seen in 43 patients. There was no patient mortality. The rate of PT with chest tube insertion was 9.6 % in emphysema patients and 2.8 % without emphysema (p = 0.001). Smokers with emphysema had a 5 times higher risk of developing PT (p = 0.001). Correlation of tumor size or biopsy angle and the risk of PT was not significant. The risk of developing a PT was associated with an increasing intrapulmonary depth of the lesion (p = 0.001). CT-guided, semiautomatic coaxial core biopsy of the lung is a safe diagnostic procedure. The rate of major complications is low, and the sensitivity and specificity of the procedure are high. Smokers with emphysema are at a significantly higher risk of developing pneumothorax and should be monitored accordingly.

  10. [Improvement in transcutaneous needle biopsy technics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothenberger, K; Pensel, J

    1980-09-11

    Transcutaneous fine needle biopsy of retroperitoneal lymph nodes after lymphography minor is connected with only discomfort for the patient. It is used for clarification of a possible infestation of metastases by malignant growth, the lymphatic drainage of which is situated retroperitoneally. A new instrument for puncture is presented, the use of which permits increase in accuracy of impact and reduction of radiation exposure for both patient and examiner. These advantages are of great importance, especially in serial puncture of several lymph nodes along the lymphogenous pathway of metastases. The quality of the fluoroscopic picture is even improved by the instrument for puncture.

  11. Protective Capnothorax During Transthoracic Needle Biopsy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kavanagh, John, E-mail: jokavana@tcd.ie; Siemienowicz, Miranda L.; Lyen, Stephen; Kandel, Sonja; Rogalla, Patrik [University of Toronto, Division of Cardiothoracic Imaging, Joint Department of Medical Imaging, University Health Network and Mount Sinai Hospital (Canada)

    2017-04-15

    PurposeTransthoracic needle biopsy (TTNB) is an established procedure in the management of pulmonary nodules. The most common complications are directly related to crossing the lung or visceral pleura during the biopsy. In this study, we describe the use of carbon dioxide instead of room air to create a protective “capnothorax” during TTNB.Materials and MethodsFive patients underwent creation of a capnothorax during TTNB. Parameters recorded were location and size of target, distance from pleura, length of procedure, volume of carbon dioxide, periprocedural complications and biopsy result.ResultsInduction of capnothorax was successful in all cases. In two patients, a continuous infusion of carbon dioxide was required to maintain an adequate volume of intrapleural gas. In two patients, the carbon dioxide resolved spontaneously and in the remaining patients it was aspirated at the end of the procedure. All biopsies were diagnostic with no periprocedural or postprocedural complications.ConclusionThis study suggests that protective iatrogenic capnothorax is a safe and effective technique during TTNB. The intrinsic properties and availability of carbon dioxide make it an attractive alternative to room air.

  12. PET/CT-guided percutaneous biopsy of FDG-avid metastatic bone lesions in patients with advanced lung cancer: a safe and effective technique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guo, Wei; Hao, Bing; Chen, Hao-jun; Zhao, Long; Luo, Zuo-ming; Wu, Hua; Sun, Long [The First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, Department of Nuclear Medicine and Minnan PET Center, Xiamen Cancer Hospital, Xiamen (China)

    2017-01-15

    {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT should be performed before a diagnostic biopsy site is chosen in patients with a high clinical suspicion of aggressive, advanced tumour. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT in guiding biopsy of bone metastases in patients with advanced lung cancer. PET/CT-guided percutaneous core biopsies were performed in 51 consecutive patients with suspected lung cancer and {sup 18}F-FDG-avid bone lesions after whole-body {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT scans. Generally, one tissue sample was obtained from each patient. The final diagnoses were established on the basis of the histology results. The histopathological and molecular testing results were systematically evaluated. A total of 53 samples were obtained for histological examination or molecular testing as a second biopsy was required in two patients in whom the pathological diagnosis was unclear following the first biopsy. The pathological diagnosis and lung cancer classification were confirmed in 48 patients. The epidermal growth factor receptor mutation status was determined in 23 biopsies, and the mutation rate was 30.4 % (7/23). The anaplastic lymphoma kinase mutation status was determined in 19 biopsies, and the mutation rate was 31.6 % (6/19). Two of the 51 biopsies were positive for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and one was positive for metastatic renal cell carcinoma. The first-time diagnostic success rate of biopsy was 96.1 % (49/51) and the overall diagnostic success rate and sensitivity were 100 %. All 51 patients were eventually confirmed as having stage IV disease. No serious complications were encountered and the average biopsy time was 30 min. PET/CT-guided percutaneous biopsy of {sup 18}F-FDG-avid bone metastases is an effective and safe method that yields a high diagnostic success rate in the evaluation of hypermetabolic bone lesions in patients with suspected advanced lung cancer. (orig.)

  13. CT-guided transgluteal biopsy for systematic sampling of the prostate in patients without rectal access: a 13-year single-center experience

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Olson, Michael C.; Atwell, Thomas D.; King, Bernard F.; Welch, Timothy; Goenka, Ajit H. [Mayo Clinic, Department of Radiology, Rochester, MN (United States); Mynderse, Lance A. [Mayo Clinic, Department of Urology, Rochester, MN (United States)

    2017-08-15

    The purpose of our study was to examine the safety and diagnostic utility of transgluteal CT-guided prostate biopsy for prostate sampling in patients without rectal access. Seventy-three biopsies were performed in 65 patients over a 13-year period (2002-2015). Mean prostate-specific antigen (PSA) at biopsy was 7.8 ng/mL (range 0.37-31.5). Electronic medical records were reviewed for procedural details and complications. Mean PSA and number of cores in malignant and benign cohorts were compared with Student's t test. Technical success rate was 97.3% (71/73; mean cores 8, range 3-28). Of these, 43.6% (31/71) yielded malignancy (mean Gleason score 7, range 6-10) and 56.3% (40/71) yielded benign tissue. The only complication was an asymptomatic periprostatic hematoma (1/73; 1.4%). In 14 patients who underwent surgery, Gleason scores were concordant in 71.4% (10/14) and discordant in 28.6% (4/14; Gleason 6 on biopsy but Gleason 7 on surgical specimen). Mean effective radiation dose was 18.5 mSv (median 15.0, range 4.4-86.2). There was no significant difference in either mean PSA (p = 0.06) or number of core specimens (p = 0.33) between malignant and benign cohorts. CT-guided transgluteal prostate biopsy is highly safe and reliable for the detection of prostate cancer in men without rectal access. (orig.)

  14. Initial experience with new dedicated needles for laparoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration and histological biopsies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, M B; Durup, J; Pless, T

    2001-01-01

    . Primary diagnosis, duration of biopsy procedure, needle monitoring (visibility, penetration, and deviation), complications, technical failures, and pathological findings were prospectively recorded. RESULTS: 44 biopsies were performed with 25 needles (19, 20, and 22-G). Needle monitoring and penetration...

  15. Performance of intra-procedural 18-fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT-guided biopsies for lesions suspected of malignancy but poorly visualized with other modalities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cornelis, F. [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Radiology, New York, NY (United States); Pellegrin Hospital, Department of Radiology, Bordeaux (France); Silk, M.; Takaki, H.; Durack, J.C.; Erinjeri, J.P.; Sofocleous, C.T.; Siegelbaum, R.H.; Maybody, M.; Solomon, S.B. [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Radiology, New York, NY (United States); Schoder, H. [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Nuclear Medicine, New York, NY (United States)

    2014-12-15

    We sought to evaluate the safety and the diagnostic success rate of percutaneous biopsies performed under intra-procedural {sup 18}F-deoxyglucose (FDG) positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) guidance for lesions difficult to see with conventional cross-sectional imaging. From 2011 to 2013, consecutive clinically indicated percutaneous PET/CT-guided biopsies of 106 masses (mean size, 3.3 cm; range, 0.7-15.9 cm; SD, 2.9 cm) in bones (n = 33), liver (n = 26), soft tissues (n = 18), lung (n = 15) and abdomen (n = 14) were reviewed. The biopsy procedures were performed following injection of a mean of 255 MBq (SD, 74) FDG. Mean maximal standardized uptake value (SUV) of lesions was 8.8 (SD, 6.3). A systematic review of the histopathological results and outcomes was performed. Biopsies were positive for malignancy in 76 cases (71.7 %, 76/106) and for benign tissue in 30 cases (28.3 %, 30/106). Immediate results were considered adequate for 100 PET/CT biopsies (94.3 %, 100/106) requiring no further exploration, and for the six others (5.7 %, 6/106) benign diagnoses were confirmed after surgery (n = 4) or follow-up (n = 2). The consequent overall sensitivity and the diagnostic success of biopsy were therefore 100 %. No significant differences in terms of detection of malignancy were observed between the different locations. Lesions > 2 cm or with SUV > 4 were not significantly more likely to be malignant. Complications occurred after four biopsies (3.7 %, 4/106). Intra-procedural PET/CT guidance appears as a safe and effective method and allows high diagnostic success of percutaneous biopsies for metabolically active lesions. (orig.)

  16. Technical aspects of core needle biopsy and fine needle aspiration in the diagnosis of bone lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santini-Araujo, Eduardo; Olvi, Liliana G; Muscolo, Domingo Luis; Velan, Osvaldo; Gonzalez, Maria L; Cabrini, Rómulo Luis

    2011-01-01

    Percutaneous needle biopsy is an effective and safe technique for obtaining diagnostic material from bone lesions. We describe the technical details of fine needle aspiration and core needle biopsy performed in our laboratory of orthopedic pathology. With these procedures, we obtained accurate diagnosis in 83% of 7,375 cases, sent by different orthopedic centers in our country, over a period of 21 years (1986-2007). We describe the percutaneous needle procedure (fine needle aspiration, core needle biopsy), the handling of the materials in detail, the different cytological techniques, as well as the advantages of the procedures and how to avoid its disadvantages. We believe that accurate diagnosis with bone needle biopsy mainly depends on the training of the surgical cytologist and the pathologist, who must integrate all the knowledge on the clinical data, image diagnosis, histological procedures and the experience in the histopathological interpretation of bone lesions. Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  17. Current status of core needle biopsy of the thyroid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baek, Jung Hwan [Dept. of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2017-04-15

    Thyroid nodules are a common clinical problem. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) and large-needle biopsy have been used to diagnose thyroid nodules. Before the 1980s, large-needle biopsy was the standard procedure for the thyroid, but FNA became the standard diagnostic tool in the 1980s because it is a safe procedure that leads to accurate diagnoses. With advances in core needle biopsy (CNB) devices (i.e., spring-activated core needles) and development of high-resolution ultrasound, it has become possible to make accurate diagnoses while minimizing complications. Although 18- to 21-gauge core needles can be used to biopsy thyroid nodules, 18-gauge needles are most commonly used in Korea. The relationships among the size of the needle, the number of core specimens, and diagnostic accuracy have not yet been conclusively established, but the general tendency is that thinner needles cause less damage to the normal thyroid, but allow a smaller amount of thyroid tissue to be biopsied to be obtained. These relationships may be validated in the future.

  18. Real-time fluoroscopic needle guidance in the interventional radiology suite using navigational software for percutaneous bone biopsies in children

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shellikeri, Sphoorti; Srinivasan, Abhay; Krishnamurthy, Ganesh; Vatsky, Seth; Zhu, Xiaowei; Keller, Marc S.; Cahill, Anne Marie [The Children' s Hospital of Philadelphia, Department of Radiology, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Setser, Randolph M. [Siemens Medical Solutions USA, Inc., Hoffman Estates, IL (United States); Hwang, Tiffany J. [University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Girard, Erin [Siemens Medical Solutions USA, Inc., Princeton, NJ (United States)

    2017-07-15

    Navigational software provides real-time fluoroscopic needle guidance for percutaneous procedures in the Interventional Radiology (IR) suite. We describe our experience with navigational software for pediatric percutaneous bone biopsies in the IR suite and compare technical success, diagnostic accuracy, radiation dose and procedure time with that of CT-guided biopsies. Pediatric bone biopsies performed using navigational software (Syngo iGuide, Siemens Healthcare) from 2011 to 2016 were prospectively included and anatomically matched CT-guided bone biopsies from 2008 to 2016 were retrospectively reviewed with institutional review board approval. C-arm CT protocols used for navigational software-assisted cases included institution-developed low-dose (0.1/0.17 μGy/projection), regular-dose (0.36 μGy/projection), or a combination of low-dose/regular-dose protocols. Estimated effective radiation dose and procedure times were compared between software-assisted and CT-guided biopsies. Twenty-six patients (15 male; mean age: 10 years) underwent software-assisted biopsies (15 pelvic, 7 lumbar and 4 lower extremity) and 33 patients (13 male; mean age: 9 years) underwent CT-guided biopsies (22 pelvic, 7 lumbar and 4 lower extremity). Both modality biopsies resulted in a 100% technical success rate. Twenty-five of 26 (96%) software-assisted and 29/33 (88%) CT-guided biopsies were diagnostic. Overall, the effective radiation dose was significantly lower in software-assisted than CT-guided cases (3.0±3.4 vs. 6.6±7.7 mSv, P=0.02). The effective dose difference was most dramatic in software-assisted cases using low-dose C-arm CT (1.2±1.8 vs. 6.6±7.7 mSv, P=0.001) or combined low-dose/regular-dose C-arm CT (1.9±2.4 vs. 6.6±7.7 mSv, P=0.04), whereas effective dose was comparable in software-assisted cases using regular-dose C-arm CT (6.0±3.5 vs. 6.6±7.7 mSv, P=0.7). Mean procedure time was significantly lower for software-assisted cases (91±54 vs. 141±68 min, P=0

  19. CT Guided Laser Ablation of Osteoid Osteoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manohar Kachare

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available To present our experience of Computed Tomography (CT guided laser ablation of radiologically proven osteoid osteoma in the inter trochantric region of the femur. A19 year old female presented with severe pain in left upper thigh region since 6-7 months, which was exaggerated during nights and was relived on taking oral Non Steroid Anti Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs. On CT scan hypodense lesion with surrounding dense sclerosis noted in intertrochanteric region in left femur. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI revealed small focal predominantly cortical, oval lytic lesion in the intertrochanteric region which appeared hypointense on T1 Weighted Image (T1WI and hyperintense on T2 Weighted Image (T2WI and Short Tau Inversion Recovery (STIR image. Diffuse extensive sclerosis and hyperostosis of bone was noted surrounding the lesion appearing hypointense on T1W and T2W images. Under local anesthesia the laser fibre was inserted in the nidus under CT guidance through bone biopsy needle and 1800 joules energy delivered in the lesion continuous mode. Complete relief of pain noted after 24 hours after the treatment. CT guided LASER ablation is a safe, simple and effective method of treatment for osteoid osteoma.

  20. Ultrasound guided needle biopsy of skeletal muscle in neuromuscular disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindequist, S; Schrøder, H D; Larsen, C

    1990-01-01

    Guided by ultrasonography percutaneous needle biopsy of skeletal muscle was performed in 24 patients, using the one hand held Biopty system and a 2 mm Tru-Cut needle. The specimens were graded with regard to diagnostic quality and utility and almost all specimens (96%) were of highest quality....... The use of ultrasonography was helpful in selecting a suitable area for the biopsy and vascular structures could be avoided. The procedure was well tolerated and easy to perform, and no complications were recorded....

  1. Transrectal ultrasound and needle biopsy of the prostate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomaž Smrkolj

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In the last 25 years widespread use of prostatic specific antigen caused a stage migration of prostate cancer towards localized disease at diagnosis, which resulted in transrectal ultrasound biopsy to become standard in clinical practice. Transrectal ultrasound examination of the prostate is used to diagnose benign prostatic diseases, e.g. benign prostatic enlargement, prostatitis, prostatic and seminal vesicle cysts. It is also important in detection of obstructive causes of male infertility. Transrectal ultrasound examination is performed most often in needle biopsy for prostate cancer diagnosis. Besides guiding systematic tissue core biopsy, characteristic ultrasound changes enables target biopsies of suspect areas. The article describes indications, contraindications, antibiotic prophylaxis, various biopsy templates and complications of the needle biopsy. Experience with transrectal ultrasound guided biopsy at Department of urology at University medical center in Ljubljana is presented.

  2. Diagnosis of prostate cancer with needle biopsy: Should all cases ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: The triad of digital rectal examination (DRE), serum prostate specific antigen, and transrectal ultrasound‑guided prostate biopsy is used in the detection of prostate cancer (PCa). It is recommended that all cases of PCa should be diagnosed with needle biopsy before treatment. The exclusion criteria for those ...

  3. Cost comparison between stereotactic large-core-needle biopsy versus surgical excision biopsy in The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buijs-van der Woude, T.; Verkooijen, H. M.; Pijnappel, R. M.; Klinkenbijl, J. H.; Borel Rinkes, I. H.; Peeters, P. H.; Buskens, E.

    2001-01-01

    Yearly, approximately 7200 Dutch women with non-palpable breast lesions are referred for a diagnostic surgical excision biopsy. Recently, less invasive alternatives such as stereotactic large-core-needle biopsy have emerged. The aim of this study was to compare the costs of surgical excision biopsy

  4. Age as a risk factor in the occurrence of pneumothorax after transthoracic fine needle biopsy: our experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vatrella, Alessandro; Galderisi, Antonio; Nicoletta, Carmine; Maglio, Angelantonio; Cortese, Antonio; Di Crescenzo, Rosa Maria; Ieni, Antonio; Crisci, Antonello; Di Crescenzo, Vincenzo

    2014-01-01

    Transthoracic needle biopsy (TTNB) of the lung is a well-established technique for diagnosing many thoracic lesions, and is an important alternative to more invasive surgical procedures. Complications of TTNB include pneumothorax, hemoptysis, hemothorax, infection, and air embolism, with the most common complication as pneumothorax. From June 2011 to June 2014 we performed a prospective study of 188 patients who underwent TTNB with CT guidance at University Hospital of Salerno, Italy. Pneumothorax occurred in 14 of 188 biopsies (7.45%). With the respect of age of patients pneumothorax occurred more frequently in patients aged 60-70 years, while it was less frequent in younger (70 years). In conclusion, data of our prospective study documented that CT-guided TTNB is a safe and reliable procedure in elderly patients with suspected chest malignancy and is well tolerated. Copyright © 2014 Surgical Associates Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Laryngeal chondrosarcoma diagnosed by core-needle biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyamaru, Satoru; Haba, Koichi

    2014-01-01

    We report a case of chondrosarcoma of the larynx, diagnosed by a percutaneous core-needle biopsy (CNB). Cartilaginous tumors of the larynx are usually diagnosed by biopsy with direct laryngomicroscopy under general anesthesia. However, patients find it difficult to undergo a biopsy under general anesthesia, for physical, economic, and social reasons. Instead, we can readily detect and sample tumors of the larynx using ultrasound under local anesthesia with reduced stress. Concerning needle-puncture biopsies, including fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and CNB, some studies have reported needle track dissemination, a possible complication in patients with malignant tumors. Thus, in the head and neck region, we generally use FNAC for biopsies, not CNB. However, it can be difficult to diagnose bone tumors by cytology alone. Regarding primary bone tumors, only one study has reported needle track dissemination by CNB, in osteosarcoma of the femur. Additionally, this complication has not been reported before with chondrosarcoma anywhere in the body. To our knowledge, this is the first report concerning chondrosarcoma of the larynx diagnosed by percutaneous CNB. We recommend CNB as a useful and safe diagnostic technique for primary bone tumors in the head and neck region. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma: use of MRI to guide needle biopsy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saifuddin, A. E-mail: asaifuddin@aol.com; Mann, B.S.; Mahroof, S.; Pringle, J.A.S.; Briggs, T.W.R.; Cannon, S.R

    2004-03-01

    AIM: To describe the use of MRI to identify and biopsy areas of dedifferentiation in patients with a suspected diagnosis of dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Low-grade chondrosarcoma is characterized at magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as having a lobulate, hyperintense appearance on T2-weighted spin-echo sequences. T2-weighted MR images were assessed in 15 patients with a final pathological diagnosis of dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma for regions of atypical reduced signal intensity. Information regarding the site of ultrasound or computed tomography (CT)-guided biopsy was available in 10 cases. RESULTS: Nine patients were male and six female with a mean age of 60 years (range 25-77 years). The sites involved were the distal femur (n=4), pelvis (n=3), proximal femur (n=4), femoral diaphysis (n=1), proximal humerus (n=2) and proximal tibia (n=1). The dedifferentiated component consisted of osteosarcoma (n=5), malignant fibrous histiocytoma (n=6), spindle cell sarcoma (n=1), leiomyosarcoma (n=1) and pleomorphic sarcoma (n=1). In 14 of the 15 cases, areas of lower signal intensity lacking in lobulation were identified. In nine of the 10 cases, biopsy site included such areas and yielded high-grade sarcoma. CONCLUSIONS: Dedifferentiation within chondrosarcoma may be identified on T2-weighted MRI as areas of reduced signal intensity. These areas should be the preferred site of biopsy.

  7. Cutting performance orthogonal test of single plane puncture biopsy needle based on puncture force

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Yingqiang; Zhang, Qinhe; Liu, Guowei

    2017-04-01

    Needle biopsy is a method to extract the cells from the patient's body with a needle for tissue pathological examination. Many factors affect the cutting process of soft tissue, including the geometry of the biopsy needle, the mechanical properties of the soft tissue, the parameters of the puncture process and the interaction between them. This paper conducted orthogonal experiment of main cutting parameters based on single plane puncture biopsy needle, and obtained the cutting force curve of single plane puncture biopsy needle by studying the influence of the inclination angle, diameter and velocity of the single plane puncture biopsy needle on the puncture force of the biopsy needle. Stage analysis of the cutting process of biopsy needle puncture was made to determine the main influencing factors of puncture force during the cutting process, which provides a certain theoretical support for the design of new type of puncture biopsy needle and the operation of puncture biopsy.

  8. Renal biopsy with 16G needle: a safety study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerrero-Ramos, F; Villacampa-Aubá, F; Jiménez-Alcaide, E; García-González, L; Ospina-Galeano, I A; de la Rosa-Kehrmann, F; Rodríguez-Antolín, A; Passas-Martínez, J; Díaz-González, R

    2014-11-01

    The development of percutaneous renal biopsy as a routinary diagnostic procedure for renal masses is topic of discussion for the last few years. However, this technique has been associated with some complications, although infrequent, and morbidity. Our objective is to carry out a descriptive study about complications and outcomes of orthotopic kidney biopsies with 16 G needle. A retrospective review of 180 orthotopic ultrasound-guided renal biopsies performed in our service among January 2008 to May 2010 was carried out. The procedure was developed using an automated biopsy gun (16G needle). Multiple clinical variables, early post-procedure complications and its management were collected. Complication rates as well as the relationship between risk factors and occurrence of complications were studied. Mean age was 55.8 years. The average number of biopsy cylinders per intervention was 2.49. The overall complication rate was 5.6%. An interventionist attitude derived from complication of the procedure was necessary in only 3 patients (1.67%). No surgical interventions were required and no death as consequence of procedure was registered. No relationship between hypertension (P=.09) previous anticoagulation (P=.099) or previous antiaggregation (P=.603) and complications were demonstrated. In 2.8% of biopsies the material obtained was insufficient for diagnosing. Percutaneous ultrasound-guided renal biopsy with 16G needle is a safe technique with high diagnostic performance. Copyright © 2013 AEU. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  9. Percutaneous needle biopsy of the renal allograft using the automated needle system: evaluation of 87 procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nahas, W C; Mazzucchi, E; Henrique, A; Ianhez, L E; Saldanha, L B; Sabbaga, E; Arap, S

    1993-08-01

    Between April 1991 and February 1992 we obtained 87 percutaneous core needle biopsy specimens from 60 patients with the automatic biopsy gun. In 78 cases (89.7%) enough renal tissue was obtained for histological analysis. Acute rejection was present on 35 biopsies (40.3%) indicating antirejection therapy. No pathological signs of rejection were detected on 43 biopsies (49.4%). In 38 instances (43.7%) biopsy diagnosis differed from clinical presumptive diagnosis, affecting patient management, while in the remainder it was helpful to confirm clinical impressions. The only complication of the procedure was gross hematuria (requiring vesical irrigation in 1 patient). Due to its simplicity and low morbidity rate, renal biopsy with the automated needle system is the procedure of choice for evaluation and management of renal allograft dysfunction.

  10. Optimizing prostate needle biopsy through 3D simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Jianchao; Kaplan, Charles; Xuan, Jian Hua; Sesterhenn, Isabell A.; Lynch, John H.; Freedman, Matthew T.; Mun, Seong K.

    1998-06-01

    Prostate needle biopsy is used for the detection of prostate cancer. The protocol of needle biopsy that is currently routinely used in the clinical environment is the systematic sextant technique, which defines six symmetric locations on the prostate surface for needle insertion. However, this protocol has been developed based on the long-term observation and experience of urologists. Little quantitative or scientific evidence supports the use of this biopsy technique. In this research, we aim at developing a statistically optimized new prostate needle biopsy protocol to improve the quality of diagnosis of prostate cancer. This new protocol will be developed by using a three-dimensional (3-D) computer- based probability map of prostate cancer. For this purpose, we have developed a computer-based 3-D visualization and simulation system with prostate models constructed from the digitized prostate specimens, in which the process of prostate needle biopsy can be simulated automatically by the computer. In this paper, we first develop an interactive biopsy simulation mode in the system, and evaluate the performance of the automatic biopsy simulation with the sextant biopsy protocol by comparing the results by the urologist using the interactive simulation mode with respect to 53 prostate models. This is required to confirm that the automatic simulation is accurate and reliable enough for the simulation with respect to a large number of prostate models. Then we compare the performance of the existing protocols using the automatic biopsy simulation system with respect to 107 prostate models, which will statistically identify if one protocol is better than another. Since the estimation of tumor volume is extremely important in determining the significance of a tumor and in deciding appropriate treatment methods, we further investigate correlation between the tumor volume and the positive core volume with 89 prostate models. This is done in order to develop a method to

  11. Effect of vibration frequency on biopsy needle insertion force.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Lei; Qin, Xuemei; Zhang, Qinhe; Zhang, Hongcai; Dong, Hongjian; Guo, Tuodang; Liu, Guowei

    2017-05-01

    Needle insertion is critical in many clinical medicine procedures, such as biopsy, brachytherapy, and injection therapy. A platform with two degrees of freedom was set up to study the effect of vibration frequency on needle insertion force. The gel phantom deformation at the needle cutting edge and the Voigt model are utilized to develop a dynamic model to explain the relationship between the insertion force and needle-tip velocity. The accuracy of this model was verified by performing needle insertions into phantom gel. The effect of vibration on insertion force can be explained as the vibration increasing the needle-tip velocity and subsequently increasing the insertion force. In a series of needle insertion experiments with different vibration frequencies, the peak forces were selected for comparison to explore the effect of vibration frequency on needle insertion force. The experimental results indicate that the insertion force at 500Hz increases up to 17.9% compared with the force at 50Hz. Copyright © 2017 IPEM. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Biopsy Needle Localization and Tracking Using ROI-RK Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yue Zhao

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available ROI-RK method is a biopsy needle localization and tracking method. Previous research work has proved that it has a robust performance on different series of simulated 3D US volumes. Unfortunately, in real situations, because of the strong speckle noise of the ultrasound image and the different echogenic properties of the tissues, the real 3D US volumes have more complex background than the simulated images used previously. In this paper, to adapt the ROI-RK method in real 3D US volumes, a line-filter enhancement calculation only in the ROI is added to increase the contrast between the needle and background tissue, decreasing the phenomenon of expansion of the biopsy needle due to reverberation of ultrasound in the needle. To make the ROI-RK method more stable, a self-correction system is also implemented. Real data have been acquired on an ex vivo heart of lamb. The result of the ROI-RK method shows that it is capable to localize and track the biopsy needle in real situations, and it satisfies the demand of real-time application.

  13. Percutaneous core needle biopsies: The yield in spinal tuberculosis

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-01-29

    Jan 29, 2014 ... One patient had arachnoiditis. Five patients had disease involving more than 2 vertebrae. At the time of biopsy, patients were given a general anaesthetic and either positioned prone or on their right side. A Jamshidi or Harlow. Wood needle was advanced percutaneously under fluoroscopic guidance into ...

  14. Fine needle Aspiration Biopsy (FNAB) in the initial evaluation and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fine needle Aspiration Biopsy (FNAB) in the initial evaluation and diagnosis of palpable soft tissue lesions and with histologic correlation. ... The lesions were located in the trunk -56 cases, upper arm -7, forearm -1, hand -1, thigh -28, leg -7 and the foot-7. The FNAB was diagnosed as benign in 56 (52.3%) cases, malignant ...

  15. Effects of percutaneous needle liver biopsy on dairy cow behaviour

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mølgaard, Lene; Damgaard, Birthe Marie; Bjerre-Harpøth, Vibeke

    2012-01-01

    behavioural changes for up to 19 h – and particularly for behaviour previously associated with pain. Even though the exact welfare impact of percutaneous needle liver biopsies in cows is not known, and the magnitude of the behavioural changes was limited, pain always has negative effects on animal welfare...

  16. Diagnosis of prostate cancer with needle biopsy: Should all cases ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    . The sensitivity of PSA was 99.2%. Conclusion: Needle biopsy of the prostate is the preferred method for the diagnosis of PCa in most cases before treatment is undertaken. There are valid reasons why all PCas will not be diagnosed in this ...

  17. Computed tomography-guided needle aspiration and biopsy of pulmonary lesions - A single-center experience in 1000 patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poulou, Loukia S.; Tsagouli, Paraskevi; Thanos, Loukas [Dept. of Medical Imaging and Interventional Radiology, General Hospital of Chest Diseases ' Sotiria' , Athens (Greece)], e-mail: ploukia@hotmail.com; Ziakas, Panayiotis D. [Program of Outcomes Research, Div. of Infectious Diseases, Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown Univ., RI, and Div. of Infectious Diseases, Rhode Island Hospital, Rhode Island (United States); Politi, Dimitra [Dept. of Cythopathology, General Hospital of Chest Diseases ' Sotiria' Athens (Greece); Trigidou, Rodoula [Dept. of Pathology, General Hospital of Chest Diseases ' Sotiria' Athens (Greece)

    2013-07-15

    Background: Computed tomography (CT)-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) and biopsies are well-established, minimally invasive diagnostic tools for pulmonary lesions. Purpose: To analyze retrospectively the results of 1000 consecutive lung CT-guided FNA and/or core needle biopsies (CNB), the main outcome measures being diagnostic yield, and complication rates. Material and Methods: Patients considered eligible were those referred to our department for lung lesions. The choice of FNA, CNB, or both was based upon the radiologist's judgment. Diagnostic yield was defined as the probability of having a definite result by cytology/histology. Results: The study included 733 male patients and 267 female patients, with a mean (SD) age of 66.4 (11.4) years. The mean (SD) lesion size was 3.7 (2.4) cm in maximal diameter. Six hundred and forty-one (64%) patients underwent an FNA procedure, 245 (25%) a CNB, and 114 (11%) had been subjected to both. The diagnostic yield was 960/994 (96.6%); this decreased significantly with the use of CNB only (odds ratio [OR] 0.32; 95% CI 0.12 - 0.88; P = 0.03), while it increased with lesion size (OR 1.35; 95% CI 1.03 - 1.79; P = 0.03 per cm increase). In 506 patients (52.7%), a malignant process was diagnosed by cytopathology/histology. The complication rate reached 97/1000 (9.7%); complications included: hemorrhage, 62 (6.2%); pneumothorax, 28 (2.8%); hemorrhage and pneumothorax, 5 (0.5%); and hemoptysis, 2 (0.2%). It was not significantly affected by the type of procedure or localization of the lesion. The overall risk for complications was three times higher for lesions <4 cm (OR 3.26; 95% CI 1.96 - 5.42; P < 0.001). Conclusion: CT-guided lung biopsy has a high diagnostic yield using FNA, CNB, or both. The CNB procedure alone will not suffice. Complication rates were acceptable and correlated inversely with lesion size, not localization or type of procedure.

  18. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy of splenic lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, SangIk; Shin, Yong Moon; Won, Hyung Jin; Kim, Pyo Nyun; Lee, Moon Gyu [Dept. of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2017-05-15

    To evaluate the safety and efficacy of ultrasound-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy of splenic lesions. This retrospective study included 30 patients who underwent percutaneous core needle biopsy of their splenic lesions using 18- or 20-gauge needles between January 2001 and July 2016 in a single tertiary care center. The characteristics of the splenic lesions were determined by reviewing the ultrasound and computed tomography examinations. Acquisition rate and diagnostic accuracy were calculated, using pathologic results of the splenectomy specimen, clinical course and/or imaging follow-up as a reference standard. Post-procedure complications were identified from electronic medical records, laboratory findings and computed tomography images. Seventy-three specimens were obtained from the 30 patients and splenectomy was performed in 2 patients. Twenty-nine of the 30 patients had focal splenic lesions, while the remaining patient had homogeneous splenomegaly. Acquisition rate and diagnostic accuracy were 80.0% (24/30) and 76.7% (23/30), respectively. Perisplenic hemorrhage without hemodynamic instability developed in one patient. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy of splenic lesions is a safe method for achieving a histopathologic diagnosis and can be considered as an alternative to splenectomy in patients with a high risk of splenectomy-related complications.

  19. Ga-68 DOTATOC PET/CT-Guided Biopsy and Cryoablation with Autoradiography of Biopsy Specimen for Treatment of Tumor-Induced Osteomalacia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maybody, Majid, E-mail: maybodym@mskcc.org [Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Interventional Radiology Service (United States); Grewal, Ravinder K. [Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Molecular Imaging and Therapy Service, Department of Radiology (United States); Healey, John H. [Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Orthopedic Surgical Oncology Service, Department of Surgery (United States); Antonescu, Cristina R. [Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Pathology (United States); Fanchon, Louise [Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Physics (United States); Hwang, Sinchun [Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Radiology (United States); Carrasquillo, Jorge A. [Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Molecular Imaging and Therapy Service, Department of Radiology (United States); Kirov, Assen [Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Physics (United States); Farooki, Azeez [Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Medicine (United States)

    2016-09-15

    Tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO) is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome caused by small benign tumors of mesenchymal origin also known as phosphaturic mesenchymal tumors mixed connective tissue variant. Excellent prognosis is expected with eradication of the culprit tumor. These small tumors are notoriously difficult to localize with conventional imaging studies; this often leads to an extensive work up and prolonged morbidity. We report a patient with clinical diagnosis of TIO whose culprit tumor was localized with Ga-68 DOTATOC PET/CT and MRI. Biopsy and cryoablation were performed under Ga-68 DOTATOC PET/CT guidance. Autoradiography of the biopsy specimen was performed and showed in situ correlation between Ga-68 DOTATOC uptake and histopathology with millimeter resolution.

  20. Tumour seeding following percutaneous needle biopsy: The real story

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robertson, E.G. [Department of Radiology, Western Infirmary, Glasgow (United Kingdom); Baxter, G., E-mail: grant.baxter@ggc.scot.nhs.uk [Department of Radiology, Western Infirmary, Glasgow (United Kingdom)

    2011-11-15

    The demand for percutaneous needle biopsy is greater than ever before and with the majority of procedures requiring imaging guidance, radiologists have an increasingly important role in the diagnostic work-up of patients with suspected malignancy. All invasive procedures incur potential risks; therefore, clinicians should be aware of the most frequently encountered complications and have a realistic idea of their likelihood. Tumour seeding, whereby malignant cells are deposited along the tract of a biopsy needle, can have disastrous consequences particularly in patients who are organ transplant candidates or in those who would otherwise expect good long-term survival. Fortunately, tumour seeding is a rare occurrence, yet the issue invariably receives a high profile and is often regarded as a major contraindication to certain biopsy procedures. Although its existence is in no doubt, realistic insight into its likelihood across the spectrum of biopsy procedures and multiple anatomical sites is required to permit accurate patient counselling and risk stratification. This review provides a comprehensive overview of tumour seeding and examines the likelihood of this much feared complication across the range of commonly performed diagnostic biopsy procedures. Conclusions have been derived from an extensive analysis of the published literature, and a number of key recommendations should assist practitioners in their everyday practice.

  1. Tumour seeding following percutaneous needle biopsy: the real story!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, E G; Baxter, G

    2011-11-01

    The demand for percutaneous needle biopsy is greater than ever before and with the majority of procedures requiring imaging guidance, radiologists have an increasingly important role in the diagnostic work-up of patients with suspected malignancy. All invasive procedures incur potential risks; therefore, clinicians should be aware of the most frequently encountered complications and have a realistic idea of their likelihood. Tumour seeding, whereby malignant cells are deposited along the tract of a biopsy needle, can have disastrous consequences particularly in patients who are organ transplant candidates or in those who would otherwise expect good long-term survival. Fortunately, tumour seeding is a rare occurrence, yet the issue invariably receives a high profile and is often regarded as a major contraindication to certain biopsy procedures. Although its existence is in no doubt, realistic insight into its likelihood across the spectrum of biopsy procedures and multiple anatomical sites is required to permit accurate patient counselling and risk stratification. This review provides a comprehensive overview of tumour seeding and examines the likelihood of this much feared complication across the range of commonly performed diagnostic biopsy procedures. Conclusions have been derived from an extensive analysis of the published literature, and a number of key recommendations should assist practitioners in their everyday practice. Copyright © 2011 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Transperineal prostate biopsy under magnetic resonance image guidance: a needle placement accuracy study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blumenfeld, Philip; Hata, Nobuhiko; DiMaio, Simon; Zou, Kelly; Haker, Steven; Fichtinger, Gabor; Tempany, Clare M C

    2007-09-01

    To quantify needle placement accuracy of magnetic resonance image (MRI)-guided core needle biopsy of the prostate. A total of 10 biopsies were performed with 18-gauge (G) core biopsy needle via a percutaneous transperineal approach. Needle placement error was assessed by comparing the coordinates of preplanned targets with the needle tip measured from the intraprocedural coherent gradient echo images. The source of these errors was subsequently investigated by measuring displacement caused by needle deflection and needle susceptibility artifact shift in controlled phantom studies. Needle placement error due to misalignment of the needle template guide was also evaluated. The mean and standard deviation (SD) of errors in targeted biopsies was 6.5 +/- 3.5 mm. Phantom experiments showed significant placement error due to needle deflection with a needle with an asymmetrically beveled tip (3.2-8.7 mm depending on tissue type) but significantly smaller error with a symmetrical bevel (0.6-1.1 mm). Needle susceptibility artifacts observed a shift of 1.6 +/- 0.4 mm from the true needle axis. Misalignment of the needle template guide contributed an error of 1.5 +/- 0.3 mm. Needle placement error was clinically significant in MRI-guided biopsy for diagnosis of prostate cancer. Needle placement error due to needle deflection was the most significant cause of error, especially for needles with an asymmetrical bevel. (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  3. Expert opinion: Reporting needle core biopsies of breast carcinomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoda, S A; Harigopal, M; Harris, G C; Pinder, S E; Lee, A H S; Ellis, I O

    2003-07-01

    Many breast carcinomas are now diagnosed in needle core biopsies, after either mammographic detection or symptomatic presentation. There is dispute, however, about the range of information that should be included in the diagnostic report of these small and possibly unrepresentative samples. Is it sufficient to simply report the presence of carcinoma, in situ or invasive? Or should the histopathologist give a more detailed report including features of prognostic and predictive significance? If so, what is the evidence that the further information is, first, of clinical benefit and, second, not unreliable because of sampling variability? To address the question "What should be included in reports of needle core biopsies of breast carcinomas?" contributions were invited from authors in the USA and the UK.

  4. CT-guided radiofrequency ablation of spinal osteoid osteomas with concomitant perineural and epidural irrigation for neuroprotection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klass, Darren [Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Norwich (United Kingdom); Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Radiology Academy, Cotman Centre, Norwich (United Kingdom); Marshall, Tom; Toms, Andoni [Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Norwich (United Kingdom)

    2009-09-15

    Here we report our experience of a neuroprotective adaptation of the technique of CT-guided radiofrequency (RF) ablation of spinal osteoid osteomas. Over 9 years seven patients underwent eight CT-guided RF treatments for osteoid osteoma. CT-guided RF ablation was performed with general anaesthesia. The lesion was heated to 90 C for 2 min for two cycles by using a Cosman SMK TC-10 RF electrode. This was preceded by a bolus of room temperature sterile water (10 ml) injected through a 26G curved spinal needle into the exit foramen and adjacent epidural space for neuroprotection. The age of the patient, sex, lesion location, biopsy results and complications were recorded. All the biopsies (n = 7) demonstrated histological features of osteoid osteoma. All the procedures were technically successful. Clinical success was assessed up to 3 years post procedure. There was an 85% clinical success rate (6 of the 7 patients), with recurrence of a lesion at 6 months, necessitating a repeat procedure (successful). CT-guided percutaneous RF ablation of spinal osteoid osteoma preceded by bolus of sterile water, injected through a spinal needle into the exit foramen and adjacent epidural space for neuroprotection, is a safe and effective procedure. (orig.)

  5. Improved tissue sections for medical liver biopsies: a comparison of 16 vs 18 g biopsy needles using digital pathology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Timothy; Georgiades, Izabela; Treanor, Darren; Wright, Alexander; Shah, Mushtaq; Khosla, Randeep; Wyatt, Judith I

    2014-05-01

    Most medical liver biopsies in the UK are now taken in radiology departments using 18 g biopsy needles. Subjectively, the resulting biopsies are narrow and fragile. To compare the quality of liver biopsy tissue sections obtained from 16 and 18 g biopsy needles. Fifty consecutive routine medical liver biopsies obtained with 16 and 18 g needles, processed identically in the same laboratory, were measured using digital pathology software. We recorded their fragmentation, length, width, area and number of portal tracts. Biopsies obtained with 16 g needles more often resulted in an intact core in tissue sections than those with 18 g needles (71% vs 24%, pbiopsy was very variable, but double for 16 vs 18 g biopsies. Routinely taking two passes with the 18 g needle compensated for the reduced area, but the resulting liver in tissue sections was fragmented and distorted. Our results support the routine use of 16 g rather than 18 g biopsy needles for routine ultrasound-guided medical liver biopsies. A second pass should be considered if the first biopsy core is short, especially for investigation of disease stage.

  6. Technical note: facilitating laparoscopic liver biopsy by the use of a single-handed disposable core biopsy needle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trochsler, M I; Ralph, Q; Bridgewater, F; Kanhere, H; Maddern, Guy J

    2013-01-01

    Despite the use of advanced radiological investigations, some liver lesions cannot be definitely diagnosed without a biopsy and histological examination. Laparoscopic Tru-Cut biopsy of the liver lesion is the preferred approach to achieve a good sample for histology. The mechanism of a Tru-Cut biopsy needle needs the use of both hands to load and fire the needle. This restricts the ability of the surgeon to direct the needle into the lesion utilising the laparoscopic ultrasound probe. We report a technique of laparoscopic liver biopsy using a disposable core biopsy instrument (BARD (R) disposable core biopsy needle) that can be used single-handedly. The needle can be positioned with laparoscopic graspers in order to reach posterior and superior lesions. This technique can easily be used in conjunction with laparoscopic ultrasound.

  7. Optimizing EUS-guided liver biopsy sampling: comprehensive assessment of needle types and tissue acquisition techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulman, Allison R; Thompson, Christopher C; Odze, Robert; Chan, Walter W; Ryou, Marvin

    2017-02-01

    EUS-guided liver biopsy sampling using FNA and, more recently, fine-needle biopsy (FNB) needles has been reported with discrepant diagnostic accuracy, in part due to differences in methodology. We aimed to compare liver histologic yields of 4 EUS-based needles and 2 percutaneous needles to identify optimal number of needle passes and suction. Six needle types were tested on human cadaveric tissue: one 19G FNA needle, one existing 19G FNB needle, one novel 19G FNB needle, one 22G FNB needle, and two 18G percutaneous needles (18G1 and 18G2). Two needle excursion patterns (1 vs 3 fanning passes) were performed on all EUS needles. Primary outcome was number of portal tracts. Secondary outcomes were degree of fragmentation and specimen adequacy. Pairwise comparisons were performed using t tests, with a 2-sided P liver biopsy samplings (48 per needle type) were performed. The novel 19G FNB needle had significantly increased mean portal tracts compared with all needle types. The 22G FNB needle had significantly increased portal tracts compared with the 18G1 needle (3.8 vs 2.5, P liver biopsy needle provides superior histologic yield compared with 18G percutaneous needles and existing 19G FNA and core needles. Moreover, the 22G FNB needle may be adequate for liver biopsy sampling. Investigations are underway to determine whether these results can be replicated in a clinical setting. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Breast lesions with discordant results on ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moon, Jin Hee; Ko, Eun Young; Kim, Min Jeong; Lee, Kwan Seop; Lee Yul; Bae, Sang Hoon; Min, Soo Kee [Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-03-15

    We wanted to evaluate the characteristics of those lesions showing insufficient results on ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy. We retrospectively reviewed the pathologic results of 131 lesions from patients who underwent ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy following Mammotome or surgical excisional biopsy from January 2004 to December 2004. Compared with excisional biopsy, ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy showed 14 lesions with discordant results and 9 lesions with indeterminate results. 5 lesions were overestimated and 9 lesions were underestimated on the core needle biopsies. According to the histological tumor types, the papillary tumors showed 66.6% discordance or indetermination, and the phyllodes tumors showed 50% discordance or indetermination. On the results of core needle biopsy, discordant or indeterminate results were frequently reported for papillary and phyllodes tumor. Therefore, excisional biopsy is recommended for these types of tumor.

  9. EUS – Fine- Needle Aspiration Biopsy (FNAB in the Diagnosis of Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalogeraki Alexandra

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Solid masses of the pancreas represent a variety of benign and malignant neoplasms of the exocrine and endocrine tissues of the pancreas. A tissue diagnosis is often required to direct therapy in the face of uncertain diagnosis or if the patient is not a surgical candidate either due to advanced disease or comorbidities. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS is a relatively new technology that employs endoscopy and high-frequency ultrasound (US. EUS involves imaging of the pancreatic head and the uncinate from the duodenum and imaging of the body and tail from the stomach. It has been shown to be a highly sensitive method for the detection of pancreatic masses. It is superior to extracorporeal US and computed tomographic (CT scans, especially when the pancreatic tumor is smaller than 2-3 cm. Although EUS is highly sensitive in detecting pancreatic solid masses, its ability to differentiate between inflammatory masses and malignant disease is limited. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP brushing, CT-guided biopsies, and transabdominal ultrasound (US have been the standard nonsurgical methods for obtaining a tissue diagnosis of pancreatic lesions, but a substantial false-negative rate has been reported. Transabdominal US-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNAB has been used for tissue diagnosis in patients with suspected pancreatic carcinoma. It has been shown to be highly specific, with no false-positive diagnoses. With the advent of curvilinear echoendoscopes, transgastric and transduodenal EUS-FNAB of the pancreas have become a reality EUS with FNAB has revolutionized the ability to diagnose and stage cancers of the gastrointestinal tract and assess the pancreas. Gastrointestinal cancers can be looked at with EUS and their depth of penetration into the intestinal wall can be determined. Any suspicious appearing lymph nodes can be biopsied using EUS/FNAB. The pancreas is another organ that is well visualized with EUS. Abnormalities

  10. EUS-guided liver biopsy for parenchymal disease: a comparison of diagnostic yield between two core biopsy needles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sey, Michael Sai Lai; Al-Haddad, Mohammad; Imperiale, Thomas F; McGreevy, Kathleen; Lin, Jingmei; DeWitt, John M

    2016-02-01

    EUS-guided biopsy of the liver has a variable diagnostic accuracy and specimen adequacy. A new core biopsy needle has been developed that may improve performance. The objective of this study was to compare the diagnostic yield of a new core biopsy needle with the previous standard needle. In this cross-sectional study, consecutive patients who underwent EUS-guided core liver biopsy over a 7-year period for suspected parenchymal disease were prospectively evaluated. Between 2007 and 2011, all biopsies were performed with a 19-gauge Tru-cut biopsy needle (Quick-core [QC]), whereas a novel reverse bevel needle (PC) was used exclusively from 2011 to 2014. All specimens were examined by 1 of 3 experienced, blinded pathologists for the following: presence of visible core, aggregate specimen length, number of complete portal tracts, and specimen adequacy. A total of 75 patients (mean age 51 years, 51 female) underwent liver biopsy by using the QC (n = 45) or PC (n = 30) needle. The QC and PC groups had similar demographics, indications for EUS, indications for liver biopsy, and liver findings on EUS. Compared with those of the QC, biopsies with the PC required fewer passes (median 2 vs 3; P liver biopsy with the QC needle. Compared with the QC needle, EUS-guided core liver biopsy with the PC needle produced longer aggregate length, more complete portal tracts, and more adequate specimens despite fewer passes (Clinical trial registration number: NCT00586313.). Copyright © 2016 American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Toward robotic needle steering in lung biopsy: a tendon-actuated approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kratchman, Louis B.; Rahman, Mohammed M.; Saunders, Justin R.; Swaney, Philip J.; Webster, Robert J., III

    2011-03-01

    Needle tip dexterity is advantageous for transthoracic lung biopsies, which are typically performed with rigid, straight biopsy needles. By providing intraoperative compensation for trajectory error and lesion motion, tendon-driven biopsy needles may reach smaller or deeper nodules in fewer attempts, thereby reducing trauma. An image-guided robotic system that uses these needles also has the potential to reduce radiation exposure to the patient and physician. In this paper, we discuss the design, workflow, kinematic modeling, and control of both the needle and a compact and inexpensive robotic prototype that can actuate the tendon-driven needle for transthoracic lung biopsy. The system is designed to insert and steer the needle under Computed Tomography (CT) guidance. In a free-space targeting experiment using a discrete proportional control law with digital camera feedback, we show a position error of less than 1 mm achieved using an average of 8.3 images (n=3).

  12. Enzyme immunoassay of oestrogen receptors in needle biopsies from human liver

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Becker, U; Andersen, J; Poulsen, H S

    1991-01-01

    For quantitative assessments of sex hormone receptors in liver tissue, ligand binding assays are inconvenient, as they require large biopsies (0.5-1.0 g). The present study shows that it is possible to measure oestrogen receptors (ER) quantitatively in needle biopsy specimens as small as 10 mg...... by modifications of a commercial enzyme immunoassay employing monoclonal antibodies. Sucrose gradient centrifugation and the dextran charcoal method served as reference methods. A consecutive series of needle biopsies from patients suspected of liver disease were investigated. The biopsies (n = 37) had a median...... is a convenient tool for further studies of ER in routine needle biopsies from the liver....

  13. Sixteen Gauge biopsy needles are better and safer than 18 Gauge in native and transplant kidney biopsies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Björn; Mölne, Johan; Hadimeri, Henrik; Hadimeri, Ursula; Stegmayr, Bernd

    2017-02-01

    Background Kidney biopsies are essential for optimal diagnosis and treatment. Purpose To examine if quality and safety aspects differ between types and sizes of biopsy needles in native and transplant kidneys. Material and Methods A total of 1299 consecutive biopsies (1039 native and 260 transplant kidneys) were included. Diagnostic quality, needle size and type, clinical data and complications were registered. Eight-three percent of the data were prospective. Results In native kidney biopsies, 16 Gauge (G) needles compared to 18 G showed more glomeruli per pass (11 vs. 8, P biopsies revealed that 18 G 19-mm side-notch needles resulted in more major (11.3% vs. 3%; odds ratio [OR], 4.1; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.4-12.3) and overall complications (12.4% vs. 4.8%; OR, 2.8; 95% CI, 1.1-7.1) in women than in men. If the physician had performed less compared to more than four native kidney biopsies per year, minor (3.5% vs. 1.4%; OR, 2.6; 95% CI, 1.1-6.2) and overall complications (11.5% vs. 7.4%; OR, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.1-2.5) were more common. In transplant kidney biopsies, 16 G needles compared to 18 G resulted in more glomeruli per pass (12 vs. 8, P biopsies was not a risk factor to develop complications. Conclusion Kidney biopsies taken by 16 G needles result in better histological quality and lower frequency of complications compared to 18 G. For native kidney biopsies the performer of the biopsy should do at least four biopsies per year.

  14. Repeated nondiagnostic result of thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klaudia Ziemiańska

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim of the study: Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB is the most accurate and cost-effective method to evaluate the risk of malignancy of thyroid nodules, but approximately 1–24% of FNABs generate a nondiagnostic result (ND-FNAB. The aim of this study was to determine the predictive factors of a repeated nondiagnostic result of FNAB. Material and methods : A total of 4018 FNABs performed in a territorial referral centre were analysed, of which 288 (7.17% were nondiagnostic. Medical records were available for 245 biopsies performed in 228 patients. The retrospective analysis of factors that may influence a repeat ND-FNAB, including demographic, clinical and ultrasound characteristics, was performed. Results : A repeat FNAB was performed in 159 nodules giving a diagnostic result in 79.2% of cases. The time between the biopsies ranged from 1 to 611 days (mean 154.4, median 119. The timing of a repeat FNAB did not significantly alter the diagnostic output (p = 0.29. In the univariate analysis, significant predictors of a repeat ND-FNAB were older patient age (p = 0.02, L-thyroxine supplementation (p = 0.05, and a history of 131 I therapy (p < 0.0001. In the multivariate analysis, only a history of 131 I therapy was a statistically significant risk factor for a repeat ND-FNAB (p = 0.002. Conclusions : Patients with a history of 131 I therapy and ND-FNAB should undergo periodic ultrasonographic assessment rather than a repeat biopsy. The interval between repeated FNABs recommended by guidelines does not affect the diagnostic output.

  15. Hepatic mitochondrial function analysis using needle liver biopsy samples.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael J J Chu

    Full Text Available BACKGROUNDS AND AIM: Current assessment of pre-operative liver function relies upon biochemical blood tests and histology but these only indirectly measure liver function. Mitochondrial function (MF analysis allows direct measurement of cellular metabolic function and may provide an additional index of hepatic health. Conventional MF analysis requires substantial tissue samples (>100 mg obtained at open surgery. Here we report a method to assess MF using <3 mg of tissue obtained by a Tru-cut® biopsy needle making it suitable for percutaneous application. METHODS: An 18G Bard® Max-core® biopsy instrument was used to collect samples. The optimal Tru-cut® sample weight, stability in ice-cold University of Wisconsin solution, reproducibility and protocol utility was initially evaluated in Wistar rat livers then confirmed in human samples. MF was measured in saponin-permeabilized samples using high-resolution respirometry. RESULTS: The average mass of a single rat and human liver Tru-cut® biopsy was 5.60±0.30 and 5.16±0.15 mg, respectively (mean; standard error of mean. Two milligram of sample was found the lowest feasible mass for the MF assay. Tissue MF declined after 1 hour of cold storage. Six replicate measurements within rats and humans (n = 6 each showed low coefficient of variation (<10% in measurements of State-III respiration, electron transport chain (ETC capacity and respiratory control ratio (RCR. Ischemic rat and human liver samples consistently showed lower State-III respiration, ETC capacity and RCR, compared to normal perfused liver samples. CONCLUSION: Consistent measurement of liver MF and detection of derangement in a disease state was successfully demonstrated using less than half the tissue from a single Tru-cut® biopsy. Using this technique outpatient assessment of liver MF is now feasible, providing a new assay for the evaluation of hepatic function.

  16. Percutaneous core needle biopsy in retroperitoneal sarcomas does not influence local recurrence or overall survival.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkinson, M J; Martin, J L; Khan, A A; Hayes, A J; Thomas, J M; Strauss, D C

    2015-03-01

    Tumours within the retroperitoneum can cause a diagnostic dilemma. A preoperative core needle biopsy often is required to establish a histological diagnosis. Preoperative core needle biopsy for extremity soft-tissue sarcoma is oncologically safe and biopsy site recurrence is extremely rare, attributed to placing the biopsy site within the planned resection field. This study investigates whether preoperative core needle biopsy affects oncological outcomes in retroperitoneal sarcomas. Patients undergoing resection of intermediate- and high-grade primary retroperitoneal sarcoma from 1990 until 2011 were included. Primary endpoints were immediate biopsy-related complications, local recurrence, and overall survival. A total of 150 patients were included in the analysis. Of these, 90 patients underwent resection after a preoperative biopsy. Median follow-up was 48 months. One patient required hospital admission postbiopsy for an abdominal wall rectus sheath haematoma. No patient developed intra-abdominal complications that required hospitalisation or early operation related to core needle biopsy. No patient developed a biopsy site recurrence. There was no significant increase in either local recurrence (p = 0.101) or overall survival (p = 0.191) after core needle biopsy. Preoperative core needle biopsy for retroperitoneal sarcomas is safe and does not affect oncological outcome.

  17. The quality of specimens obtained by fine-needle aspiration biopsy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-10-27

    Oct 27, 2011 ... Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) can be defined as the removal of a sample of cells, using a fine needle, from a suspicious mass for diagnostic purposes.1 The first description of the use of needles for therapeutic purposes was provided by an Arab physician, Abu al-Qasim Khalaf ibn al-Abbas ...

  18. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of lymph nodes

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-02-02

    Feb 2, 2012 ... of a sample of cells, using a fine needle, from a suspicious mass for diagnostic purposes'. 1 .... for taking FNAs should lie in the hands of individuals who have a sufficient .... If only blood aspirated, remove needle, apply pressure for 1 min, repeat aspirate using new needle and syringe; try smaller needle; ...

  19. Application of Real-Time 3D Navigation System in CT-Guided Percutaneous Interventional Procedures: A Feasibility Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priya Bhattacharji

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. To evaluate the accuracy of a quantitative 3D navigation system for CT-guided interventional procedures in a two-part study. Materials and Methods. Twenty-two procedures were performed in abdominal and thoracic phantoms. Accuracies of the 3D anatomy map registration and navigation were evaluated. Time used for the navigated procedures was recorded. In the IRB approved clinical evaluation, 21 patients scheduled for CT-guided thoracic and hepatic biopsy and ablations were recruited. CT-guided procedures were performed without following the 3D navigation display. Accuracy of navigation as well as workflow fitness of the system was evaluated. Results. In phantoms, the average 3D anatomy map registration error was 1.79 mm. The average navigated needle placement accuracy for one-pass and two-pass procedures, respectively, was 2.0±0.7 mm and 2.8±1.1 mm in the liver and 2.7±1.7 mm and 3.0±1.4 mm in the lung. The average accuracy of the 3D navigation system in human subjects was 4.6 mm ± 3.1 for all procedures. The system fits the existing workflow of CT-guided interventions with minimum impact. Conclusion. A 3D navigation system can be performed along the existing workflow and has the potential to navigate precision needle placement in CT-guided interventional procedures.

  20. Image-guided percutaneous needle biopsy in cancer diagnosis and staging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Sanjay; Madoff, David C

    2007-06-01

    Image-guided percutaneous biopsy is a well-established and safe technique and plays a crucial role in management of cancer patients. Improvements in needle designs, development of new biopsy techniques, and continual advances in image-guidance technology have improved the safety and efficacy of the procedure. Lesions previously considered relatively inaccessible can now be safely biopsied. In this article, we review the various needle types, biopsy techniques, methods of safely assessing difficult-to-reach lesions, the advantages and disadvantages of various imaging modalities, and specific biopsy techniques applicable to different regions of the body.

  1. Learning curve of thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penín, Manuel; Martín, M Ángeles; San Millán, Beatriz; García, Juana

    2017-12-01

    Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is the reference procedure for thyroid nodule evaluation. Its main limitation are inadequate samples, which should be less than 20%. To analyze the learning curve of the procedure by comparing the results of a non-experienced endocrinologist (endocrinologist 2) to those of an experienced one (endocrinologist 1). Sixty FNABs were analyzed from February to June 2016. Each endocrinologist made 2punctures of every nodule in a random order. This order and the professional making every puncture were unknown to the pathologist who examined the samples. Endocrinologist 1 had a higher percentage of diagnoses than endocrinologist 2 (82% vs. 72%, P=.015). In the first 20 FNABs, the difference between both physicians was remarkable and statistically significant (80% vs. 50%, P=.047). In the following 20 FNABs, the difference narrowed and was not statistically significant (90% vs. 65%, P=.058). In the final 20 FNABs, the difference was minimal and not statistically significant (75% vs. 70%, P=.723). The learning curve of ultrasound-guided FNAB may be completed in a suitable environment by performing it at least 60 times. Although the guidelines recommend at least 3punctures per nodule, 2are enough to achieve an accurate percentage of diagnoses. Copyright © 2017 SEEN y SED. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  2. Radiation exposure in CT-guided interventions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kloeckner, Roman, E-mail: Roman.Kloeckner@unimedizin-mainz.de [Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Johannes Gutenberg-University, Langenbeckstraße 1, 55131 Mainz (Germany); Santos, Daniel Pinto dos; Schneider, Jens [Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Johannes Gutenberg-University, Langenbeckstraße 1, 55131 Mainz (Germany); Kara, Levent [Department of Radiology, Inselspital Bern, Freiburgstraße 18, 3010 Bern (Switzerland); Dueber, Christoph; Pitton, Michael B. [Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Johannes Gutenberg-University, Langenbeckstraße 1, 55131 Mainz (Germany)

    2013-12-01

    Purpose: To investigate radiation exposure in computed tomography (CT)-guided interventions, to establish reference levels for exposure, and to discuss strategies for dose reduction. Materials and methods: We analyzed 1576 consecutive CT-guided procedures in 1284 patients performed over 4.5 years, including drainage placements; biopsies of different organs; radiofrequency and microwave ablations (RFA/MWA) of liver, bone, and lung tumors; pain blockages, and vertebroplasties. Data were analyzed with respect to scanner settings, overall radiation doses, and individual doses of planning CT series, CT intervention, and control CT series. Results: Eighy-five percent of the total radiation dose was applied during the pre- and post-interventional CT series, leaving only 15% applied by the CT-guided intervention itself. Single slice acquisition was associated with lower doses than continuous CT-fluoroscopy (37 mGy cm vs. 153 mGy cm, p < 0.001). The third quartile of radiation doses varied considerably for different interventions. The highest doses were observed in complex interventions like RFA/MWA of the liver, followed by vertebroplasty and RFA/MWA of the lung. Conclusions: This paper suggests preliminary reference levels for various intervention types and discusses strategies for dose reduction. A multicenter registry of radiation exposure including a broader spectrum of scanners and intervention types is needed to develop definitive reference levels.

  3. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided sampling of solid pancreatic masses: 22-gauge aspiration versus 25-gauge biopsy needles

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Min Jae; Yim, Hyunee; Hwang, Jae Chul; Lee, Dakeun; Kim, Young Bae; Lim, Sun Gyo; Kim, Soon Sun; Kang, Joon Koo; Yoo, Byung Moo; Kim, Jin Hong

    2015-01-01

    Background Biopsy needles have recently been developed to obtain both cytological and histological specimens during endoscopic ultrasound (EUS). We conducted this study to compare 22-gauge (G) fine needle aspiration (FNA) needles, which have been the most frequently used, and new 25G fine needle biopsy (FNB) needles for EUS-guided sampling of solid pancreatic masses. Methods We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all EUS-guided sampling performed between June 2010 and October 2013. Duri...

  4. Reliability of receptor assessment on core needle biopsy in breast cancer patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seferina, S C; Nap, M; van den Berkmortel, F; Wals, J; Voogd, A C; Tjan-Heijnen, V C G

    2013-04-01

    We compared the breast core needle biopsy and the resection specimen with respect to estrogen (ER), progesterone (PR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status to identify predictors for discordant findings. We retrospectively collected data from 526 newly diagnosed breast cancer patients. ER, PR and HER2 status had been assessed in both the core needle biopsy and resection specimen. The assessment of ER by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in core needle biopsy was false negative in 26.5% and false positive in 6.8% of patients. For the PR status the false negative and false positive results of core needle biopsy were 29.6% and 10.3%, respectively. The results of the HER2 status, as determined by IHC and silver in situ hybridization (SISH), were false negative in 5.4% and false positive in 50.0%. We need to be aware of the problem of false negative and false positive test results in ER, PR and HER2 assessment in core needle biopsy and the potential impact on adjuvant systemic treatment. With current techniques, we recommend using the resection specimen to measure these receptors in patients without neoadjuvant treatment. A better alternative might be the use of tissue microarray, combining both core needle biopsy and resection specimen.

  5. The diagnosis of cancer in thyroid fine needle aspiration biopsy. Surgery, repeat biopsy or specimen consultation?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agata Stanek-Widera

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNA is the only diagnostic method that allows a preoperative diagnosis of thyroid carcinoma. An unequivocal diagnosis of a malignant change is achievable only in cases in which all cytological criteria of carcinoma are met. The aim of the study was to evaluate the necessity of repeat thyroid FNA in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma verified on consultative examination (CE. We analyzed cytology reports of thyroid FNA and CE that resulted in the diagnosis of papillary carcinoma. Evaluation of the correlation of the cytological diagnosis with the histopathology report was based on data obtained after the surgery. Between 2010 and 2015 in the Institute of Oncology (IO there were 184 cancers diagnosed on CE or in thyroid FNA performed primarily in IO. Additionally, 74 patients were subjected to repeat biopsy after confirmation of cancer in CE. Histopathological diagnosis of cancer was obtained in 62 (100% cases that were doubly confirmed with cytological examination. The remaining 12 patients were operated on outside the institute. From 110 FNA primarily performed in the IO, histopathological verification was achievable in 92 cases, from which 92 (100% provided a confirmation of cancer, and the remaining 18 patients were operated on outside the institute. High (100% specificity of cancer diagnosis in FNA established primarily and verified on CE (second independent assessment indicates that repeat FNA in order to confirm the diagnosis is unnecessary.

  6. Evaluation of Ki-67 Index in Core Needle Biopsies and Matched Breast Cancer Surgical Specimens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahn, Soomin; Lee, Junghye; Cho, Min-Sun; Park, Sanghui; Sung, Sun Hee

    2017-11-16

    - The Ki-67 index is strongly prognostic and is used as a surrogate marker to distinguish luminal A from luminal B breast cancer types. - To investigate differences in Ki-67 index between core needle biopsy samples and matched surgical samples in breast cancer. - We included patients with invasive breast cancer who did not receive neoadjuvant therapy. A total of 89 pairs of core needle biopsies and surgical specimens were collected, and the Ki-67 index was assessed in hot spot areas using an image analyzer. We applied a 14% Ki-67 index to define low versus high groups. - The Ki-67 index was significantly higher in core needle biopsies than in surgical specimens (P biopsies but a low Ki-67 index in surgical samples. There were 10 cases (11.2%) that showed discordant luminal A/B types between core needle biopsy and the matched surgical specimen. The reasons for the discordance were poor staining of MIB1 accompanied by fixation issues and intratumoral heterogeneity of the Ki-67 index. - A significant difference in the Ki-67 index between core biopsy and surgical specimens was observed. Our findings indicate that it may be better to perform the Ki-67 assay on the core needle biopsy and the surgical specimen than on only one sample.

  7. CT-guided percutaneous treatment of solitary pyogenic splenic abscesses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pombo, F. [Dept. of Radiology, Hospital Juan Canalejo, La Coruna (Spain); Suarez, I. [Dept. of Radiology, Hospital Juan Canalejo, La Coruna (Spain); Marini, M. [Dept. of Radiology, Hospital Juan Canalejo, La Coruna (Spain); Arrojo, L. [Dept. of Radiology, Hospital Juan Canalejo, La Coruna (Spain); Echaniz, A. [Dept. of Internal Medicine, Hospital Juan Canalejo, La Coruna (Spain)

    1991-08-01

    Six patients with solitary pyogenic splenic abscesses treated by CT-guided percutaneous drainage (by catheter or needle), are presented. There were 3 unilocular, purely intrasplenic abscesses and 3 complex lesions with loculations and perisplenic involvement. Percutaneous drainage and intravenous antibiotics were curative in 4 patients. In the other 2, who had multiloculated abscesses, despite initially successful drainage, splenectomy was performed because of intractable left upper quadrant pain in one case and persistent fever and drainage of pus after 30 days in the other. These patients also developed large, sterile left pleural effusions. Solitary pyogenic splenic abscesses - particularly if uniloculated - can be effectively treated by CT-guided percutaneous drainage. (orig.)

  8. Diagnostic Value of ERG in Prostate Needle Biopsies Containing Minute Cancer Foci

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bachurska Svitlana Y.

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Prostate carcinoma (PC is the second most diagnosed cancer in men population worldwide. The small amount of the tissue in prostate needle biopsy is often sufficient for the correct interpretation. Novel antibodies, as ERG, could add to the diagnostic value of IHC study in analysing difficult core biopsies.

  9. Automated tru-cut imaging-guided core needle biopsy of canine ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of imaging-guided core needle biopsy for canine orbital mass diagnosis. A second excisional biopsy obtained during surgery or necropsy was used as the reference standard. A prospective feasibility study was conducted in 23 canine orbital masses at a single ...

  10. Biopsy needle localization using magnetic induction imaging principles: a feasibility study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yusupov, B; Zlochiver, S

    2012-08-01

    The accurate navigation and location of a biopsy needle is of main clinical interest in cases of image-guided biopsies for patients with suspected cancerous lesions. Magnetic induction (MI) imaging is a relatively new simple and low-cost noninvasive imaging modality that can be used for measuring the changes of electrical conductivity distribution inside a biological tissue. The feasibility of using MI principles for measuring and imaging the location of a biopsy needle in a tissue with suspected lesion was studied in simulations and with an experimental system. A contactless excitation/sensing unit was designed, and raster scan was performed on a thin tissue slab with an inserted standard 22 gauge stainless steel biopsy needle. A 30-mA, 50-kHz excitation field was employed, and the secondary-induced electromotive force (emf(s)) was measured and plotted on a 2-D plane in order to yield an image of the needle location. The simulations demonstrated the significance of utilizing a ferrimagnetic core for the excitation coil in order to increase induced currents magnitude and scanning resolution. The experimental reconstructed images of the emf(s) spatial distribution revealed the needle position and orientation, with an accuracy of 0.1 mm and a signal-to-background ratio of ~30 dB. High correlation (R(2) = 0.89) between the experimental and simulation results was observed. We conclude that MI principles exhibit a potential alternative to existing imaging modalities for needle biopsy procedures.

  11. Adequacy of percutaneous non-targeted liver biopsy under real-time ultrasound guidance when comparing the Biopince™ and Achieve™ biopsy needle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Thomas C; Deakin, Claire; Atwal, Gurprit Ss; Singh, Rajeev K

    2017-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the adequacy rates of percutaneous liver biopsies, in parenchymal liver disease, using the Biopince TM (Argon Medical, Texas, TX, ) 16G and Achieve TM (Carefusion, Illinois, IL, USA) 18G biopsy needles in relation to the Royal College of Pathologists guidelines and to assess risk of complications. Data for all percutaneous non-targeted "medical" liver biopsies using the Biopince 16G and Achieve 18G biopsy needles were collected retrospectively over a 2-year period. Total biopsy core length and number of portal tracts was recorded along with adequacy of biopsy as assessed according to Royal College of Pathologists criteria. In total, 194 percutaneous liver biopsies met the inclusion criteria; 53 using the Biopince needle and 141 using the Achieve needle. The mean total core length was 23 mm (SD 4.1) and 20 mm (SD 6.8) for the Biopince and Achieve needles, respectively (p = 0.0005). The mean number of portal tracts was 11 (SD 4.2) and 7 (SD 3.4) for the Biopince and Achieve needles, respectively (p biopsy was obtained in 15 (31.3%) and 1 (1.3%) case using the Biopince and Achieve needles, respectively (p biopsies were obtained in 32 (66.7%) and 39 (50.6%) cases using the Biopince and Achieve needles, respectively. Inadequate biopsies were obtained in 1 (2%) and 37 (48.1%) cases using the Biopince and Achieve needles, respectively. The Biopince 16G needle, when compared with the Achieve 18G needle, acquires a significantly greater total core length and number of portal tracts with significantly improved adequacy rates. There were no major complications associated with its use. Advances in knowledge: The Biopince 16G needle achieves significantly better specimen adequacy, when compared with the Achieve 18G needle and with no added major complications associated with its use.

  12. Needle biopsy of the pleura in the diagnosis of pleural effusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAleer, J J A; Murphy, G J J; Quinn, R J

    1987-01-01

    Needle biopsy of the parietal pleura was undertaken in 64 patients with undiagnosed pleural effusion. An adequate specimen was obtained in 96% of procedures. This was diagnostic in 45% of those due to malignancy and in 50% of those due to tuberculosis. A second biopsy improved the combined diagnostic yield in these two diseases from 32% to 46%. Pleural fluid cytology was unhelpful in establishing the presence of a malignancy, and culture of the biopsy specimen was helpful in one case. PMID:3590388

  13. Comparison of ultrasound-guided core biopsy versus fine-needle aspiration biopsy in the evaluation of salivary gland lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douville, Nicholas J; Bradford, Carol R

    2013-11-01

    Ultrasound-guided core biopsy provides many benefits compared with fine-needle aspiration cytology and has begun to emerge as part of the diagnostic work-up for a salivary gland lesion. Although the increased potential for tumor-seeding and capsule rupture has been extensively discussed, the safety of this procedure is widely accepted based on infrequent reports of tumor-seeding. In fact, a review of the literature shows only 2 cases of salivary tumor seeding following biopsy with larger-gauge needle characteristics, with 2 reported cases of salivary tumor seeding following fine-needle aspiration cytology. However, the follow-up interval of such studies (seeding in each procedure, (3) discuss time course and patient numbers necessary to detect tumor recurrence, and (4) describe how these uncertainties should be factored into clinical considerations. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  14. Effectiveness and safety of two 18-gauge needle types on native and allograft renal biopsies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cassol, Clarissa A; Braga, Juarez R; Dabbo, Samer; Khalili, K; Avila-Casado, C

    2017-06-01

    Percutaneous biopsy is a key diagnostic tool for both native and allograft kidney diseases. Adequacy criteria vary, but at a minimum, a biopsy should allow the pathologist to reach a diagnosis and provide prognostic information such as the degree of interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy (IF/TA) and percentage of glomerulosclerosis. Whereas most studies use glomerular counts as a surrogate for biopsy adequacy, the amount and preservation of tubulointerstitium is equally important, considering IF/TA is a major prognostic parameter for most medical renal diseases. Many studies have compared the diagnostic adequacy of different gauge needles; however few have investigated performance differences between same gauge needles. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed 235 renal biopsies performed at a single center in Canada over 2years to compare the utilization, safety, diagnostic and prognostic performance of two 18-gauge needles in native and allograft kidney biopsies. We found no significant difference in needle utilization between native and allograft kidneys, or between trainees and staff radiologists. The total tissue yielded area, glomerular counts, percentage of inadequate biopsies and number of passes were similar; however the number of cases in which IF/TA evaluation was deemed not possible was higher for biopsies using disposable instrument needles (4.3% vs. 0%; p=0.01). These also showed greater number of tissue fragments (median 4 for reusable vs 3 for disposable; p=0.04). We postulate that the increased tissue fragmentation might have impaired the pathologists ability to accurately assess interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy in biopsies obtained with the disposable instrument needles. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Osteoid osteoma of the spine: CT-guided monopolar radiofrequency ablation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martel, Jose [Departamento de Diagnostico por Imagen, Fundacion Hospital Alcorcon, Alcorcon, Madrid (Spain)], E-mail: jmartel@fhalcorcon.es; Bueno, Angel [Departamento de Diagnostico por Imagen, Fundacion Hospital Alcorcon, Alcorcon, Madrid (Spain); Nieto-Morales, M Luisa [Servicio de Radiologia, Hospital Universitario de Tenerife (Spain); Ortiz, Eduardo J. [Departamento de Cirugia Ortopedica, Fundacion Hospital Alcorcon, Alcorcon, Madrid (Spain)

    2009-09-15

    CT-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation and laser photocoagulation have become the methods of choice for the treatment of all osteoid osteomas except those in contact with neural structures. We report 10 patients with spinal osteoid osteoma adjacent to the neural elements treated with 12 sessions of CT-guided monopolar radiofrequency ablation. The size range of the lesion was 3-14 mm (mean, 7.5 mm) and the distance between the nidus and the adjacent spinal cord or nerve root was 2-12 mm (mean, 5 mm). No intact cortex between the tumor and the spinal cord or nerve roots constituted an exclusion criterion because of a higher risk of undesirable neurotoxic effects. Patients were under general anesthesia. After location of the lesion, a 11G-bone biopsy was introduced into the nidus. The radiofrequency electrode was inserted through the biopsy needle and heated at 90 deg. C for 4 min. Primary success was obtained in eight patients. At follow-up (mean, 19.5 months; range, 6-24 months), pain persisted in two patients after 2 months. Both of them were re-treated. All patients are currently pain-free and complications were not detected. In our opinion, radiofrequency ablation can also be considered the treatment of choice for spinal osteoid osteoma.

  16. Micro-sieving: isolation of whole glomeruli from a single renal needle biopsy sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koitabashi, Kenichiro; Okamoto, Kazuki; Arirto, Mitsumi; Sato, Toshiyuki; Nagai, Kouhei; Kurokawa, Manae S; Suematsu, Naoya; Yasuda, Takashi; Kimura, Kenjiro; Kato, Tomohiro

    2011-01-01

    Renal biopsy samples are important not only for the diagnosis of glomerulonephritis, but also for the investigation of its pathogenesis. However, it remains difficult to biochemically analyze proteins extracted solely from the glomeruli of needle biopsy samples, since the samples contain various components like renal tubules and connective tissue. Even a recent micro-dissection method, recovering the glomeruli in the sliced sections of the biopsy samples, has not fully solved the difficulty because the amount of obtainable proteins by this method is not usually enough for protein analysis. To overcome this problem, we established a simple but reliable method to isolate whole glomeruli from needle biopsy samples. By this method, termed 'micro-sieving', we were able to isolate on average more than 50 glomeruli from a single needle biopsy sample in an hour. The amount of the extracted glomerular proteins was on average 23 μg per biopsy sample. As a representative use of this method, we were able to obtain a glomerular protein profile by fluorescent 2-dimensional electrophoresis for each of the tested patients with glomerulonephritis. 'Micro-sieving' can be used widely as a fundamental technique to analyze glomeruli in renal needle biopsy samples. Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  17. Evaluation of The Value of Core Needle Biopsy in The Diagnosis of a Breast Mass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asieh Sadat Fattahi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Core needle biopsy (CNB with histological findings is regarded as one of the most important diagnostic measures that make preoperative assessment and planning for appropriate treatment possible. The aim of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of core biopsy results in our patients with benign and malignant breast lumps, especially for borderline breast lesions, by using a classification method.Methods: In this study, 116 patients who were referred to the Surgery Clinic of Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran with breast lump and underwent diagnostic procedures such as mammography and ultrasound were selected. Core needle biopsy (Tru-cut #14 or 16 was performed. After that, excisional biopsy was done. The benign, malignant and unspecified samples obtained by core needle biopsy were evaluated with the samples of the surgical and pathological findings. Then, false positive, false negative, sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy of the core needle biopsy method were calculated. Also, the National Health Service Breast Screening Program (NHSBSP classification was employed.Results: The mean age of the participants in this study was 39±13.13 years and the mean tumor size was 2.7 cm. An average of 3.35 biopsies was taken from all patients. Most of the pathology samples taken from CNB and excisional biopsy were compatible with invasive ductal carcinoma. Of the B type classifications, B5 was the most frequent in both methods. Borderline lesions B3 and B4 had a change in their category after surgery. About 2.5% of the samples in core biopsy were inadequate. Skin bruising was the most common core biopsy complication reported. While, the most common complication of excisional biopsy was hematoma. Accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of the core needle biopsy procedure compared with excisional biopsy was 95.5%, 92.6%, 100%, 100%, and 91

  18. Effect on hemostasis of an absorbable hemostatic gelatin sponge after transrectal prostate needle biopsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kohei Kobatake

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Objectives To examine the usefulness of an absorbable hemostatic gelatin sponge for hemostasis after transrectal prostate needle biopsy. Subjects and Methods The subjects comprised 278 participants who underwent transrectal prostate needle biopsy. They were randomly allocated to the gelatin sponge insertion group (group A: 148 participants and to the non-insertion group (group B: 130 participants. In group A, the gelatin sponge was inserted into the rectum immediately after biopsy. A biopsy-induced hemorrhage was defined as a case in which a subject complained of bleeding from the rectum, and excretion of blood clots was confirmed. A blood test was performed before and after biopsy, and a questionnaire survey was given after the biopsy. Results Significantly fewer participants in group A required hemostasis after biopsy compared to group B (3 (2.0% vs. 11 (8.5%, P=0.029. The results of the blood tests and the responses from the questionnaire did not differ significantly between the two groups. In multivariate analysis, only “insertion of a gelatin sponge into the rectum” emerged as a significant predictor of hemostasis. Conclusion Insertion of a gelatin sponge into the rectum after transrectal prostate needle biopsy significantly increases hemostasis without increasing patient symptoms, such as pain and a sense of discomfort.

  19. Core Needle Percutaneous Transpedicular Vertebral Body Biopsy: A Study of 128 Cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamei, Yoichi; Nishida, Jun; Mimata, Yoshikuni; Shiraishi, Hideo; Ehara, Shigeru; Satoh, Takashi; Shimamura, Tadashi

    2015-08-01

    We report an accurate technique for percutaneous transpedicular core needle biopsy of vertebral body lesions, and evaluate its effectiveness for histologic diagnosis retrospectively. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and accuracy of this method retrospectively. Better knowledge of vertebral pedicle morphometry has led to the development of transpedicular fixation techniques in spinal surgery. After experience with these techniques, we have been performing percutaneous transpedicular vertebral body core needle biopsies (transpedicular biopsy) for histologic diagnosis since 1993. A total of 128 patients who had undergone transpedicular biopsy for T1-L5 vertebral body lesions were evaluated. The biopsies were carried out under local anesthesia, except in children, for whom general anesthesia was used. Biopsy specimens were obtained by passing 8 or 11 G needle biopsy instruments percutaneously through the pedicle into the site of the lesion under C-arm fluoroscopy guidance. Histologic analyses were performed, and the accuracy and effectiveness of this technique were evaluated. The pathologic evaluations were definitive in 120 patients (93.8%) and not diagnostic in 8. The accuracy of the results differed among the diagnostic categories. Diagnostic accuracy was 78.6% for primary neoplasms and 97.0% for metastatic neoplasms. There was a significant difference in the diagnostic criteria and spinal segment. True positive rate was higher in the thoracic spine (92.2%) than that of lumbar spine (76.6%). Transpedicular biopsy is a useful procedure for evaluation of thoracic and lumbar vertebral body lesions.

  20. Imaging-guided percutaneous needle biopsy for infectious spondylitis: Factors affecting culture positivity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sung, Si Yoon; Kwon, Jong Won [Dept. of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-11-15

    To evaluate the variable factors affecting the results of percutaneous needle biopsies for infectious spondylitis. In all, 249 patients who underwent both MRI and percutaneous needle biopsies due to a suspicion of infectious spondylitis were evaluated with respect to the following factors: the usage of antibiotics before the procedure, the location of the biopsy, the guiding equipment used, the experience level of the operators, and the number of biopsies performed. The positivity of culture in cases of treated with antibiotics (16.3%) before the biopsy was lower than in the untreated cases (30.5%) (p = 0.004). Biopsies performed at the abscess (43.5%) and with fluoroscopic guidance (27.8%) showed higher culture positivity as well. The experience level of the operators and the number of biopsies had no effect on culture positivity. The usage of antibiotics before the biopsy, the biopsy's location, and the guiding equipment used affect the culture positivity, while the experience levels of the operators and the number of biopsies do not have an effect.

  1. Multimodal optical biopsy probe to improve the safety and diagnostic yield of brain needle biopsies (Conference Presentation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desroches, Joannie; Pichette, Julien; Goyette, Andréanne; Tremblay, Marie-Andrée.; Jermyn, Michael; Petrecca, Kevin; Leblond, Frédéric

    2016-03-01

    Brain needle biopsy (BNB) is performed to collect tissue when precise neuropathological diagnosis is required to provide information about tumor type, grade, and growth patterns. The principal risks associated with this procedure are intracranial hemorrhage (due to clipping blood vessels during tissue extraction), incorrect tumor typing/grading due to non-representative or non-diagnostic samples (e.g. necrotic tissue), and missing the lesion. We present an innovative device using sub-diffuse optical tomography to detect blood vessels and Raman spectroscopy to detect molecular differences between tissue types, in order to reduce the risks of misdiagnosis, incorrect tumour grading, and non-diagnostic samples. The needle probe integrates optical fibers directly onto the external cannula of a commercial BNB needle, and can perform measurements for both optical techniques through the same fibers. This integrated optical spectroscopy system uses diffuse reflectance signals to perform a 360-degree reconstruction of the tissue adjacent to the biopsy needle, based on the optical contrast associated with hemoglobin light absorption, thereby localizing blood vessels. Raman spectra measurements are also performed interstitially for tissue characterization. A detailed sensitivity of the system is presented to demonstrate that it can detect absorbers with diameters <300 µm located up to ˜2 mm from the biopsy needle core, for bulk optical properties consistent with brain tissue. Results from animal experiments are presented to validate blood vessel detection and Raman spectrum measurement without disruption of the surgical workflow. We also present phantom measurements of Raman spectra with the needle probe and a comparison with a clinically validated Raman spectroscopy probe.

  2. Image guided versus palpation guided core needle biopsy of palpable breast masses: a prospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hari, Smriti; Kumari, Swati; Srivastava, Anurag; Thulkar, Sanjay; Mathur, Sandeep; Veedu, Prasad Thotton

    2016-05-01

    Biopsy of palpable breast masses can be performed manually by palpation guidance or under imaging guidance. Based on retrospective studies, image guided biopsy is considered more accurate than palpation guided breast biopsy; however, these techniques have not been compared prospectively. We conducted this prospective study to verify the superiority and determine the size of beneficial effect of image guided biopsy over palpation guided biopsy. Over a period of 18 months, 36 patients each with palpable breast masses were randomized into palpation guided and image guided breast biopsy arms. Ultrasound was used for image guidance in 33 patients and mammographic (stereotactic) guidance in three patients. All biopsies were performed using 14 gauge automated core biopsy needles. Inconclusive, suspicious or imaging-histologic discordant biopsies were repeated. Malignancy was found in 30 of 36 women in palpation guided biopsy arm and 27 of 36 women in image guided biopsy arm. Palpation guided biopsy had sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of 46.7, 100, 100, 27.3 per cent, respectively, for diagnosing breast cancer. Nineteen of 36 women (52.8%) required repeat biopsy because of inadequate samples (7 of 19), suspicious findings (2 of 19) or imaging-histologic discordance (10 of 19). On repeat biopsy, malignancy was found in all cases of imaging-histologic discordance. Image guided biopsy had 96.3 per cent sensitivity and 100 per cent specificity. There was no case of inadequate sample or imaging-histologic discordance with image guided biopsy. Our results showed that in palpable breast masses, image guided biopsy was superior to palpation guided biopsy in terms of sensitivity, false negative rate and repeat biopsy rates.

  3. Stereotactic large-core needle breast biopsy: analysis of pain and discomfort related to the biopsy procedure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hemmer, Judith M.; Heesewijk, Hans P.M. van [St. Antonius Hospital, Department of Radiology, Nieuwegein (Netherlands); Kelder, Johannes C. [St. Antonius Hospital, Department of Statistics, Nieuwegein (Netherlands)

    2008-02-15

    The purpose of this study was to determine the significance of variables such as duration of the procedure, type of breast tissue, number of passes, depth of the biopsies, underlying pathology, the operator performing the procedure, and their effect on women's perception of pain and discomfort during stereotactic large-core needle breast biopsy. One hundred and fifty consecutive patients with a non-palpable suspicious mammographic lesions were included. Between three and nine 14-gauge breast passes were taken using a prone stereotactic table. Following the biopsy procedure, patients were asked to complete a questionnaire. There was no discomfort in lying on the prone table. There is no relation between type of breast lesion and pain, underlying pathology and pain and performing operator and pain. The type of breast tissue is correlated with pain experienced from biopsy (P = 0.0001). We found out that patients with dense breast tissue complain of more pain from biopsy than patients with more involution of breast tissue. The depth of the biopsy correlates with pain from biopsy (P = 0.0028). Deep lesions are more painful than superficial ones. There is a correlation between the number of passes and pain in the neck (P = 0.0188) and shoulder (P = 0.0366). The duration of the procedure is correlated with pain experienced in the neck (P = 0.0116) but not with pain experienced from biopsy. (orig.)

  4. Simulator/planner for CT-directed needle biopsy of the spine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cleary, Kevin R.; Lathan, Corinna E.; Carignan, Craig R.

    1998-06-01

    Minimally invasive spine procedures can spare the patient the trauma associated with open surgery. However, these procedures can be difficult to learn and require extensive training for proficiency. At Georgetown University Medical Center, spine biopsies are often done under computed tomography (CT) guidance. While this technique is effective, it is time consuming since the biopsy needle must be advanced slowly and its position checked several times to ensure vital organs are not damaged. A research project is being conducted to develop a computer-guided, image-based minimally invasive system for therapy and surgical techniques. As an initial step, a needle biopsy simulator for training is being developed. In the next phase, this simulator could also be used for preoperative planning. The simulator consists of two major modules: a visual module to display the medical images and biopsy tools and a haptic module to provide force feedback based on the needle position. The haptic module incorporates a robotic device that provides force feedback in three translational directions. In the future, it is anticipated that semi- autonomous robotic systems, in which the human controls some degrees of freedom and the robot the other degrees of freedom, will be developed for interventional tasks such as needle spine biopsy. The simulator described here can then be used as a 'master arm' to control the robotic system that actually performs the intervention.

  5. The efficacy of an ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy with an 18G cutting needle for the diagnosis of pancreatic diseases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Sung Hwa; Park, Won Kyu; Chang, Jay Chun; Kim, Jae Woon; Cho, Jae Ho; Jang, Han Won; Lee, Jae Kyo; Choi, Joon Hyuk [College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-01-15

    The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of an ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy with an 18G cutting needle in patients suspected of having a pancreatic disease by analyzing the diagnostic performance and complication rate. The study population comprised 35 consecutive patients who underwent an ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy using a high-speed biopsy gun accompanied with an 18G cutting-type needle between May of 2001 and October of 2005. The diagnostic performance (i.e., the acquisition rate and diagnostic accuracy) and complications associated with core needle biopsies were evaluated for its efficacy and safety. Thirty-six sessions of ultrasound-guided core needle biopsies were performed in 35 consecutive patients. All patients, except two (serous cystadenoma and autoimmune pancreatitis) were diagnosed with various subtypes of pancreatic cancer. The acquisition rate and diagnostic accuracy were 97% (35/36) and 94% (34/36), respectively. A complication occurred only in one patient (3%), which further proved to be a delayed complication (i.e., needle tract implantation). According to our findings, the ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy is a viable and safe method for the diagnosis of pancreatic diseases. Moreover, it enables the diagnosis of the pancreatic cancer subtype.

  6. Scan-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy in malignant hepatic disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johansen, P.; Svendsen, K.N.

    1978-09-01

    The method of scan-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy of the liver is described, and the diagnostic value of this combined method in the diagnosis of malignant hepatic disease is evaluated in 83 confirmed cases, showing a specificity of 100% and a sensitivity of 94%. The combined method is compared to liver scanning alone and to Menghini biopsy. Different methods for the diagnosis of malignant hepatic disease are discussed, and it is concluded that scan-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy has a diagnostic value only obtainable otherwise by a combination of liver scanning and biopsy during laparoscopy. Cytologic features in the two most common tumor types in this study, i.e., metastatic colonic adenocarcinoma and hepatocarcinoma, are presented along with a brief discussion of the specificity of the cytologic diagnosis of hepatocarcinoma.

  7. Stereotactic core needle breast biopsy marker migration: An analysis of factors contributing to immediate marker migration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Ashali; Khalid, Maria; Qureshi, Muhammad M; Georgian-Smith, Dianne; Kaplan, Jonah A; Buch, Karen; Grinstaff, Mark W; Hirsch, Ariel E; Hines, Neely L; Anderson, Stephan W; Gallagher, Katherine M; Bates, David D B; Bloch, B Nicolas

    2017-11-01

    To evaluate breast biopsy marker migration in stereotactic core needle biopsy procedures and identify contributing factors. This retrospective study analyzed 268 stereotactic biopsy markers placed in 263 consecutive patients undergoing stereotactic biopsies using 9G vacuum-assisted devices from August 2010-July 2013. Mammograms were reviewed and factors contributing to marker migration were evaluated. Basic descriptive statistics were calculated and comparisons were performed based on radiographically-confirmed marker migration. Of the 268 placed stereotactic biopsy markers, 35 (13.1%) migrated ≥1 cm from their biopsy cavity. Range: 1-6 cm; mean (± SD): 2.35 ± 1.22 cm. Of the 35 migrated biopsy markers, 9 (25.7%) migrated ≥3.5 cm. Patient age, biopsy pathology, number of cores, and left versus right breast were not associated with migration status (P> 0.10). Global fatty breast density (P= 0.025) and biopsy in the inner region of breast (P = 0.031) were associated with marker migration. Superior biopsy approach (P= 0.025), locally heterogeneous breast density, and t-shaped biopsy markers (P= 0.035) were significant for no marker migration. Multiple factors were found to influence marker migration. An overall migration rate of 13% supports endeavors of research groups actively developing new biopsy marker designs for improved resistance to migration. • Breast biopsy marker migration is documented in 13% of 268 procedures. • Marker migration is affected by physical, biological, and pathological factors. • Breast density, marker shape, needle approach etc. affect migration. • Study demonstrates marker migration prevalence; marker design improvements are needed.

  8. Ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy in the diagnosis of neuroblastic tumors in children: a retrospective study on 83 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Lihui; Mu, Jie; Du, Ping; Wang, Hailing; Mao, Yiran; Xu, Yong; Xin, Xiaojie; Zang, Fenglin

    2017-03-01

    Ultrasound-guided biopsy technique with the large-core needle has widely been applied in the diagnosis of adult abdominopelvic cavity, thyroid, and neck tumors. There are few reports on ultrasound-guided biopsy using large-core needle in pediatric abdominopelvic cavity tumors. This study was to evaluate the ultrasound features and the diagnostic value of ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy for pediatric neuroblastic tumors. The pediatric patients with neuroblastic tumor that underwent ultrasound examination and ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy from January 2009 to November 2015 were reviewed. A minimum of two cores in each case was obtained. The biopsy results were confirmed by subsequent surgical histopathology. The ultrasound features and the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy were evaluated. Eighty-three patients were enrolled into the study. Conventional ultrasound examination showed irregular hypoechoic or mixed echo masses and calcification and liquefied necrosis. The diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy was 96.4% (80/83). Three cases were misdiagnosed because of inadequate tissue sample. No serious complication, infection, or needle track seeding occurred. Ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy seems to be an accurate, minimally invasive, and safe diagnostic method of pediatric neuroblastic tumor.

  9. Laparoscopic four-way ultrasound probe with histologic biopsy facility using a flexible tru-cut needle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Durup Scheel-Hincke, J; Mortensen, M B; Pless, T

    2000-01-01

    with a needle guide for a flexible tru-cut needle or an aspiration needle. It is now possible to take real-time laparoscopic ultrasound guided biopsies. Furthermore, there is a possibility for interventionel LUS with tumor destruction, celiac plexus neurolysis, and cyst aspiration. In this short technical note...

  10. Routine needle biopsy during vertebral augmentation procedures. Is it necessary?

    OpenAIRE

    Pneumaticos, Spiros G; Sofia N. Chatziioannou; Savvidou, Christiana; Pilichou, Anastasia; Rontogianni, Dimitra; Korres, Dimitrios S

    2010-01-01

    Vertebral augmentation procedures are currently widely performed to treat vertebral compression fractures. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of underlying previously unrecognized etiology in a consecutive series of patients undergoing kyphoplasty to treat vertebral compression fractures. A prospective histological evaluation of vertebral body biopsy specimens from presumed osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures were performed in order to identify aforementioned ca...

  11. Routine needle biopsy during vertebral augmentation procedures. Is it necessary?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pneumaticos, Spiros G; Chatziioannou, Sofia N; Savvidou, Christiana; Pilichou, Anastasia; Rontogianni, Dimitra; Korres, Dimitrios S

    2010-11-01

    Vertebral augmentation procedures are currently widely performed to treat vertebral compression fractures. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of underlying previously unrecognized etiology in a consecutive series of patients undergoing kyphoplasty to treat vertebral compression fractures. A prospective histological evaluation of vertebral body biopsy specimens from presumed osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures were performed in order to identify aforementioned causes. Over a 2-year period, vertebral body biopsies from 154 vertebral levels were performed in 75 patients undergoing kyphoplasty for vertebral compression fractures. All patients received a preoperative workup that included plain radiographs, MRI, whole body bone scan, and laboratory examinations. Bone specimens were obtained from affected vertebral bodies and submitted for histologic evaluation to identify the prevalence of an underlying cause. All specimens demonstrated fragmented bone with variable amounts of unmineralised bone, signs of bone-remodeling and/or fracture-healing. In 11 patients underlying pathology other than osteoporosis was identified (prostate cancer, 1; pancreatic cancer, 1; colon cancer, 1; breast cancer, 2; multiple myeloma, 3; leukemia, 1; and lung cancer, 2). In all but one patient the results of the biopsy confirmed the diagnosis suspected from the preoperative workup. For the last patient, namely the one with pancreatic cancer, the workup did not identify the origin of the primary tumor, although the patient was considered to have a compression fracture secondary to metastatic disease of unknown origin, the vertebral biopsy suggested the presence of adenocarcinoma which eventually was proven to be pancreatic cancer. In augmentation procedures for vertebral compression fractures, bone biopsy should be reserved for the patients where the preoperative evaluation raises the suspicion of a non-osteoporotic etiology.

  12. Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy in a Rural Family Practice | O'Mahony ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy (FNAB) is a safe economic method of obtaining tissue from a suspicious mass for diagnostic purposes. This study describes the results of FNAB in a family practice in a poor rural community. Methods: Any patient with a suspicious mass that the family practitioner considered could ...

  13. Prospective evaluation of EUS-guided fine needle biopsy in pancreatic mass lesions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, M H; Fristrup, C W; Detlefsen, S

    2018-01-01

    Background and study aim : Due to the scarcity of specific data on endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided fine-needle biopsies (SharkCore) FNB in the evaluation of pancreatic lesions, we performed a prospective study of the diagnostic performance of EUS SharkCore FNB in patients with pancreatic lesions...

  14. Diagnostic yield of fine needle aspiration biopsy in HIV-infected ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-01-27

    Jan 27, 2014 ... these, 228 (77.8%) had positive MGIT cultures while in 65 (22%) cases with negative MGIT cultures, ... the 228 positive cultures, 226 were Mycobacterium tuberculosis,. 1 M. avium-intracellulare, and 1 M. .... Combining fine-needle aspiration biopsy and high-resolution melt analysis to reduce diagnostic ...

  15. The value of touch imprint cytology of prostate core needle biopsy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    S. Hussein

    2015-11-10

    Nov 10, 2015 ... Abstract. Objectives: Touch imprint cytology (TIC) is a reliable, cost-effective technique for the diagnosis of cancer. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic value and accuracy of TIC of prostate core needle biopsy (CNB) specimens in predicting the final histology in patients with suspected ...

  16. The value of touch imprint cytology of prostate core needle biopsy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objectives: Touch imprint cytology (TIC) is a reliable, cost-effective technique for the diagnosis of cancer. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic value and accuracy of TIC of prostate core needle biopsy (CNB) specimens in predicting the final histology in patients with suspected prostate cancer. Subjects and ...

  17. Reliability of core needle biopsy for determining ER and HER2 status in breast cancer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dekker, T. J. A.; Smit, V. T. H. B. M.; Hooijer, G. K. J.; van de Vijver, M. J.; Mesker, W. E.; Tollenaar, R. A. E. M.; Nortier, J. W. R.; Kroep, J. R.

    2013-01-01

    Several studies have assessed the concordance of estrogen receptor (ER) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status between core needle biopsy (CNB) and resection specimens, usually in small patient series and with discordant results. ER and HER2 status determined on CNB and tissue

  18. Development of a Multifunctional Needle for Percutaneous Heart Biopsy and Cell Therapy. A Technical Note.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soubihe, Nathan Valle; Albuquerque, Agnes Afrodite S; Arcêncio, Livia; Thomazini, José Antonio; Schmidt, Andre; Evora, Paulo Roberto B

    2016-01-01

    Validation of transendocardial injection as a method for delivering therapeutic agents to the diseased heart is increasing. Puncture heart biopsies should re-emerge as a possible alternative method to allow access to the myocardium and implantable biomaterial for cell therapy. Therefore, this work aims to present a percutaneous puncture device for biopsy and intramyocardial biomaterial injection, standardize the technique and attest to the safety of the method. The adaptation consists of creating myocardial microlesions that allow for better fixation of stem cells. The objective of this technical note covers only the development of the needle and the histological quality of the biopsies. It has not been used in humans yet.

  19. Can concurrent core biopsy and fine needle aspiration biopsy improve the false negative rate of sonographically detectable breast lesions?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chang Tsai-Wang

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aims of this study were to determine the accuracy of concurrent core needle biopsy (CNB and fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB for breast lesions and to estimate the false-negative rate using the two methods combined. Methods Over a seven-year period, 2053 patients with sonographically detectable breast lesions underwent concurrent ultrasound-guided CNB and FNAB. The sonographic and histopathological findings were classified into four categories: benign, indeterminate, suspicious, and malignant. The histopathological findings were compared with the definitive excision pathology results. Patients with benign core biopsies underwent a detailed review to determine the false-negative rate. The correlations between the ultrasonography, FNAB, and CNB were determined. Results Eight hundred eighty patients were diagnosed with malignant disease, and of these, 23 (2.5% diagnoses were found to be false-negative after core biopsy. After an intensive review of discordant FNAB results, the final false-negative rate was reduced to 1.1% (p-value = 0.025. The kappa coefficients for correlations between methods were 0.304 (p-value p-value p-value Conclusions Concurrent CNB and FNAB under ultrasound guidance can provide accurate preoperative diagnosis of breast lesions and provide important information for appropriate treatment. Identification of discordant results using careful radiological-histopathological correlation can reduce the false-negative rate.

  20. New Radiofrequency Device to Reduce Bleeding after Core Needle Biopsy: Experimental Study in a Porcine Liver Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Sanghyeok; Rhim, Hyunchul; Lee, Min Woo; Song, Kyoung Doo; Kang, Tae Wook; Kim, Young-Sun; Lim, Hyo Keun

    2017-01-01

    To evaluate the in vivo efficiency of the biopsy tract radiofrequency ablation for hemostasis after core biopsy of the liver in a porcine liver model, including situations with bleeding tendency and a larger (16-gauge) core needle. A preliminary study was performed using one pig to determine optimal ablation parameters. For the main experiment, four pigs were assigned to different groups according to heparinization use and biopsy needle caliber. In each pig, 14 control (without tract ablation) and 14 experimental (tract ablation) ultrasound-guided core biopsies were performed using either an 18- or 16-gauge needle. Post-biopsy bleeding amounts were measured by soaking up the blood for five minutes. The results were compared using the Mann-Whitney U test. The optimal parameters for biopsy tract ablation were determined as a 2-cm active tip electrode set at 40-watt with a tip temperature of 70-80℃. The bleeding amounts in all experimental groups were smaller than those in the controls; however they were significant in the non-heparinized pig biopsied with an 18-gauge needle and in two heparinized pigs ( p biopsied with an 18- and 16-gauge needle, respectively. Radiofrequency ablation of hepatic core biopsy tract ablation may reduce post-biopsy bleeding even under bleeding tendency and using a larger core needle, according to the result from in vivo porcine model experiments.

  1. Radiologic Mapping for Targeted Axillary Dissection: Needle Biopsy to Excision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Kyungmin; Caudle, Abigail S; Kuerer, Henry M; Santiago, Lumarie; Candelaria, Rosalind P; Dogan, Basak; Leung, Jessica; Krishnamurthy, Savitri; Yang, Wei

    2016-12-01

    The purpose of this article is to describe the feasibility and safety of a multidisciplinary approach to imaging-guided axillary staging that facilitates personalized, less invasive surgical management of the axilla through targeted axillary dissection in patients with biopsy-proven nodal metastasis undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Axillary nodal status, critical in breast cancer staging, affects prognosis and treatment. As the paradigm shifts toward minimally invasive therapy, a clip marker is placed in the biopsied metastatic node for patients with N1-N2 disease undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy to facilitate targeted axillary dissection of the clipped node. This node is typically localized with a radioactive seed at sentinel lymph node dissection to determine whether further axillary surgery is warranted.

  2. Evaluation of imaging-guided fine-needle percutaneous biopsy of renal masses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jaff, Ameer; Molinie, Vincent; Mellot, Francois; Guth, Axel; Lebret, Thierry; Scherrer, Antoine [Hopital Foch, Service d' Imagerie Medicale, Suresnes (France)

    2005-08-01

    To evaluate the utility of imaging-guided fine-needle percutaneous biopsy of renal masses, we conducted a prospective analysis of our imaging-guided procedures from January 1999 to February 2003. We performed 54 percutaneous core biopsies in 46 patients. Fluoro-computed tomography and ultrasound guidance were respectively used in 48 and six cases. One to four specimens were obtained by using an 18-gauge automated coaxial biopsy system. We reviewed the patients medical records, pathology results, and imaging studies. Core biopsy results were compared with surgical pathology (n=27) or clinical follow-up (n=19). All biopsies provided sufficient material for analysis. The mean tumor size was 33 mm. Biopsy findings were positive for malignancy in 31 cases; histologic diagnoses included renal cell carcinoma (n=23), transitional cell carcinoma (n=5), and metastasis (n=3). Biopsy revealed 15 benign diagnoses: oncocytoma (n=6), hemorrhagic renal cyst (n=3), chronic nephritis (n=3), angiomyolipoma (n=2), and mycotic renal abscess (n=1). The average follow-up period for patients with benign diagnoses was 16 months. Biopsy results showed normal renal parenchyma in eight of 54 procedures, all of which had recuperated by subsequent biopsies. No immediate complications occurred after the procedures. Imaging-guided percutaneous core biopsy is a safe and accurate method for the evaluation of renal masses. (orig.)

  3. Immunofluorescence microscopy of paraffin-embedded human kidney specimens obtained by fine-needle aspiration biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rantala, I; Laasonen, A; Pasternack, A; Mustonen, J

    1983-04-01

    Recently, we have introduced an atraumatic fine-needle aspiration biopsy method to obtain human glomeruli for morphologic investigation. In the present study, immunofluorescence microscopy of paraffin-embedded, fine-needle specimens is described. The specimens were obtained by aspiration with a 10-mL syringe fitted to the fine-needle prepared from a lumbar puncture needle (Jintan Terumo). Embedding of the specimens into conventional paraffin blocks was carried out after pelleting them by centrifugation between processing steps in conical centrifuge tubes. Sections from the blocks were collected on small pieces of GelBond film (FMC Corporation) instead of objective slides, which prevented the detachment of small sections during enzyme treatment. Localization then was performed on deparaffinized trypsin-digested sections using fluorescein-labeled antibodies. The choice of fixative and digestive enzymes was found to have a marked effect on the localization; periodate-lysine-paraformaldehyde fixative and trypsin digestion gave the most reliable results.

  4. Performance of combined clinical mammography and needle biopsy: a nationwide study from Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Allan; Rank, Fritz; Dyreborg, Uffe

    2006-01-01

    Clinical mammography and needle biopsy are key tools for non-operative assessment of breast lesions. We evaluated the performance of all combined tests undertaken in Denmark in 2000. Clinical mammography and needle biopsy data were collected and linked to final cancer outcome, to determine...... identified with breast cancer by 9% compared with clinical mammography alone. For concordant combined tests (i.e. either both benign or both malignant), specificity and positive predictive value were 100%, sensitivity was 99.1%, and positive predictive value was 99.6%. Therefore, Danish patients...... with a suspicious or malignant result indicated a high risk of cancer, and excisional diagnostic biopsy therefore still has an important role to play....

  5. Breast cancer neoplastic seeding in the setting of image-guided needle biopsies of the breast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santiago, Lumarie; Adrada, Beatriz E; Huang, Monica L; Wei, Wei; Candelaria, Rosalind P

    2017-11-01

    To identify clinicopathologic, technical, and imaging features associated with neoplastic seeding (NS) following image-guided needle breast biopsy. We performed an institutional review board-approved retrospective review of patients presenting with a new diagnosis of breast cancer or suspicious breast findings requiring biopsy with subsequent diagnosis of NS. The time from biopsy to NS diagnosis was calculated. Histology, grade, estrogen receptor (ER) status, progesterone receptor (PR) status, HER2 status, T category, and N category were recorded. Biopsy guidance method, needle gauge, and number of passes were reviewed in addition to the mammographic and sonographic features of the primary tumors and the NS. Eight cases of NS were identified in 4010 patients. The mean time from biopsy to NS diagnosis was 60.8 days. The most frequent histology was invasive ductal carcinoma (7/8). Six cases were grade 3 (75.0%). Five primary breast cancers were ER, PR, and HER2 negative (62.5%). Seven patients underwent biopsy with ultrasound guidance. Multiple-insertion, non-coaxial ultrasound-guided core-needle biopsy was done in 6 cases. Mammographic presentation of NS was focal asymmetry (3/7 cases), mass (1/7), calcifications only (1/7), or occult (2/7). Sonographic presentation of NS was most often a mass (7/8) with irregular shape (5/7) and without circumscribed margins (6/7) and was occult in 1 case (1/8). NS distribution was subdermal and intradermal. High-grade, triple-negative breast cancers and multiple-insertion, non-coaxial biopsies may be risk factors for NS. NS should be suspected on the basis of the superficial and linear pattern of disease progression in these patients.

  6. Diagnostic performance of imaging-guided core needle biopsy of the mesentery and peritoneum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez Montilla, M E; Lombardo Galera, S; Espejo Herrero, J J; Sastoque, J M; Zurera Tendero, L

    2018-01-21

    To evaluate the diagnostic performance of imaging-guided core needle biopsy of nodules and diffuse infiltration of the omentum or of the peritoneum. We retrospectively evaluated 57 patients who underwent core needle biopsy of the peritoneum or of the omentum between March 2014 and January 2017. We used computed tomography (CT) to plan the biopsy. Biopsies were guided by CT or ultrasonography (US). We classified the results as diagnostic (benign / malignant) or inconclusive (inadequate sample). We calculated the sensitivity, specificity, positive-predictive value, and negative predictive value. We analyzed whether the specimen was diagnostic depending on the imaging technique used (CT or US) and on the type of omental or peritoneal involvement from which the specimen was obtained (mass, nodule, or diffuse involvement). All (100%) the percutaneous biopsies were diagnostic. The sensitivity of the technique was 98.18% and the specificity was 100%. The positive predictive value was 100% and the negative predictive value was 50%. Both the specimens obtained under CT guidance (n=10) and those obtained under US guidance (n=47) were diagnostic. Likewise, biopsies of masses (n=24), of nodules (n=17), and even of diffuse infiltration (n=16) of the peritoneum or omentum enabled the histologic diagnosis. The rate of complications was 1.75% (one death). Percutaneous core needle biopsy has high sensitivity regardless of the imaging technique used to guide the technique (CT or US) and of the type of lesion biopsied (mass, nodule, diffuse infiltration). It is a useful technique with a very low rate of complications, although severe complications can occur. Copyright © 2018 SERAM. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  7. Needle tract implantation after fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder and adenocarcinoma of the lung.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vignoli, M; Rossi, F; Chierici, C; Terragni, R; De Lorenzi, D; Stanga, M; Olivero, D

    2007-07-01

    This paper reports three clinical cases of needle tract implantation of neoplastic cells on the abdominal and thoracic wall after ultrasound (US) fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). Primary tumors were two transitional cell carcinomas of the urinary bladder (2 dogs) and one pulmonary adenocarcinoma (1 cat). All three masses grew up along the needle tract. To our knowledge, the seeding of pulmonary adenocarcinoma cells after FNAB on the thoracic wall has never been reported in veterinary medicine.

  8. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy of abdominal viscera: Tips to ensure safe and effective biopsy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jin Woong; Shin, Sang Soo [Chonnam National University Hospital, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju(Korea, Republic of)

    2017-04-15

    Ultrasound-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy (USPCB) is used extensively in daily clinical practice for the pathologic confirmation of both focal and diffuse diseases of the abdominal viscera. As a guidance tool, US has a number of clear advantages over computerized tomography or magnetic resonance imaging: fewer false-negative biopsies, lack of ionizing radiation, portability, relatively short procedure time, real-time intra-procedural visualization of the biopsy needle, ability to guide the procedure in almost any anatomic plane, and relatively lower cost. Notably, USPCB is widely used to retrieve tissue specimens in cases of hepatic lesions. However, general radiologists, particularly beginners, find USPCB difficult to perform in abdominal organs other than the liver; indeed, a full understanding of the entire USPCB process and specific considerations for specific abdominal organs is necessary to safely obtain adequate specimens. In this review, we discuss some points and techniques that need to be borne in mind to increase the chances of successful USPCB. We believe that the tips and considerations presented in this review will help radiologists perform USPCB to successfully retrieve target tissue from different organs with minimal complications.

  9. Effect of needle size on cancer detection, pain, bleeding and infection in TRUS-guided prostate biopsies: A prospective trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCormack, Michael; Duclos, Alain; Latour, Mathieu; McCormack, Marie Hélène; Liberman, Daniel; Djahangirian, Orchidee; Bergeron, Josette; Valiquette, Luc; Zorn, Kevin

    2012-04-01

    Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsies using 18G calibre needles are widely used; most often 12-core tissue samples of the peripheral zone are obtained. Although the diagnostic yield of prostate biopsies is fair, there is still a potential for false negative results, which necessitates repeat biopsies. In an effort to improve the accuracy of prostate biopsies, different sampling schemes have been developed. One strategy has been to increase the number of core biopsies performed on each patient. Another strategy has been to improve the reliability of prostate biopsies using larger calibre needles, thereby increasing the amount of tissue obtained for each core biopsy. After approval by our institutional review board, we prospectively compared two biopsy needle sizes (18G vs. 16G) in relation to prostate cancer diagnosis, pain, bleeding and infection rates on 105 patients. Each patient underwent 6 TRUS-guided prostate biopsies with the standard 18G needle and 6 other biopsies with the experimental 16G needle. To evaluate possible complications related to the use of a larger 16G needle in the experimental group, we compared pain, bleeding and infection rates with a control group of 100 patients who underwent 12 biopsies with a single 18G needle (18G group). Pain, bleeding assessment and infection events were evaluated using patient questionnaires and telephone interviews. TRUS-guided prostate biopsies using 16G calibre needles did not increase cancer detection or non-malignant pathology rate, including prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) and atypical small acinar proliferatio (ASAP). Pain, bleeding and infectious complications were similar in both groups. Infection was defined as temperature above 38°C occurring within 48 hours after the procedure. We identified 4 patients with post-biopsy fever in the experimental (16/18G) group and 4 other patients in the (18G) control group. The post-biopsy infection rate is higher than reported just a few

  10. The effects of hypnotherapy during transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate needle biopsy for pain and anxiety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hızlı, Fatih; Özcan, Osman; Selvi, İsmail; Eraslan, Pınar; Köşüş, Aydın; Baş, Okan; Yıkılmaz, Taha Numan; Güven, Oğuz; Başar, Halil

    2015-11-01

    Several studies evaluating the tolerance of transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided needle biopsies showed that moderate-to-severe pain was associated with the procedure. Additionally, prebiopsy anxiety or rebiopsy as a result of a prior biopsy procedure is mentioned as factors predisposing to higher pain intensity. Thus, in this study, we investigated the effects of hypnotherapy during transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate needle biopsy for pain and anxiety. Sixty-four patients presenting for TRUS-guided prostate needle biopsy were randomly assigned to receive either 10-min presurgery hypnosis session (n = 32, mean age 63.5 ± 6.1, p = 0.289) or a presurgery control session (n = 32, mean age 61.8 ± 6.8, p = 0.289). The hypnosis session involved suggestions for increased relaxation and decreased anxiety. Presurgery pain and anxiety were measured using visual analog scales (VAS), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAS), respectively. In our statistics, p anxiety, and therefore pain, in patients awaiting diagnostic prostate cancer surgery.

  11. A Novel Design of Needle Aspiration Biopsy Monitoring Instrument (NAOMI Tested on a Low Cost Chest Phantom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Surakusumah Rino Ferdian

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Needle biopsy is a medical intervention method for taking a lung tissue sample that suspected as a cancer. The disadvantage is the physicians directly visualize the anatomical structures in an open surgery for lung cancer biopsy procedure. There is a need to develop an instrument that may help the physician to guarantee the accuracy and efficiency while performing needle aspiration biopsy. Therefore, a needle aspiration biopsy monitoring instrument or named as NAOMI is proposed. It consists of a microcontroller system, an IMU sensor, an ultrasonic ranging module, a bluetooth module, and a 9V lithium battery. The experimental testing consist of performance testing, functional testing using chest phantom, and user acceptances. The results showed that the NAOMI improve the accuracy and efficiency while performing the needle biopsy operation.

  12. Human feasibility study of fluorescence spectroscopy guided optical biopsy needle for prostate cancer diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Werahera, Priya N; Jasion, Edward A; Liu, Yongjun; Daily, John W; Arangua, Paul; Jones, Clifford; Nash, S Russell; Morrell, Michael; Crawford, E David

    2015-01-01

    Current prostate biopsy cores have a very low diagnostic yield. These biopsies often fail to diagnose prostate cancer since 90% of cores are histopathologically classified as benign. The concentrations of endogenous fluorophores in prostate tissue vary with disease states. Thus, fluorescence spectroscopy could be utilized to quantify these variations for identification of malignant lesions. We investigated clinical feasibility of a 14 gauge (1.98 mm) optical biopsy needle guided by fluorescence spectroscopy for real-time in vivo prostate cancer diagnosis. Built-in optical sensor has 8×100μm fibers for tissue excitation and a single 200μm fiber to collect spectral data. Custom-made fluorometer has 2 light-emitting diodes at 290 and 340 nm and a spectrometer. User interface for fluorometer operation and data collection was developed using LabView software. Each spectral data acquisition required ~2 seconds. The in vivo biopsies were performed during radical retropubic prostatectomy surgery on the exposed prostate with blood flow to the gland intact. A tissue biopsy core was obtained from each biopsy site after acquisition of spectral data. Above procedure was repeated ex vivo after surgical excision of the prostate. Biopsy cores were histopathologically classified as either benign or malignant and correlated with corresponding spectral data. Partial Least Square analysis was performed to determine diagnostically significant principal components as potential classifiers. A linear support vector machine and leave-one-out cross validation method was employed for tissue classification. Thirteen patients were consented to the study. Histopathological analysis found cancer in 29/208 in vivo and 51/224 ex vivo viable biopsy cores. Study results show 72% sensitivity, 66% specificity, and 93% negative predictive value for in vivo and 75%, 80%, and 93%, respectively, for ex vivo malignant versus benign prostatic tissue classification. Optical biopsy needle has a very high

  13. Prostate needle biopsies containing prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia or atypical foci suspicious for carcinoma: implications for patient care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epstein, Jonathan I; Herawi, Mehsati

    2006-03-01

    We identified information critical for patient treatment on prostate needle biopsies diagnosed with prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia or atypical foci suspicious for carcinoma. A search was performed using the MEDLINE database and referenced lists of relevant studies to obtain articles addressing the significance of finding PIN or atypical foci suspicious for carcinoma on needle biopsy. There were certain results concerning PIN. 1) Low grade PIN should not be documented in pathology reports due to poor interobserver reproducibility and a relatively low risk of cancer following re-biopsy. 2) The expected incidence of HGPIN on needle biopsy is between 5% and 8%. 3) Although the diagnosis of HGPIN is subjective, interobserver reproducibility for its diagnosis is fairly high among urological pathologists, and yet only moderate among pathologists without special expertise in prostate pathology. 4) The median risk recorded in the literature for cancer following the diagnosis of HGPIN on needle biopsy is 24.1%, which is not much higher than the risk reported in the literature for repeat biopsy following a benign diagnosis. 5) The majority of publications that compared the risk of cancer in the same study following a needle biopsy diagnosis of HGPIN to the risk of cancer following a benign diagnosis on needle biopsy show no differences between the 2 groups. 6) Clinical and pathological parameters do not help stratify which men with HGPIN are at increased risk for a cancer diagnosis. 7) A major factor contributing to the decreased incidence of cancer following a diagnosis of HGPIN on needle biopsy in the contemporary era is related to increased needle biopsy core sampling, which detects many associated cancers on initial biopsy, such that re-biopsy, even with good sampling, does not detect many additional cancers. 8) It is recommended that men do not need routine repeat needle biopsy within the first year following the diagnosis of HGPIN, while further studies are needed

  14. Diagnostic efficacy of ultrasound-guided core-needle biopsy of peripheral lymph nodes in sarcoidosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boussouar, S; Medjhoul, A; Bernaudin, J F; Tayebjee, O; Soussan, M; Uzunhan, Y; Nunes, H; Kambouchner, M; Martin, A; Valeyre, D; Brillet, P Y

    2015-09-14

    Core-needle biopsy guided by ultrasound can be performed for investigating peripheral lymph node (PLN). The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of this technique in sarcoidosis. Retrospective review of files of all patients in the database of the radiology department of Avicenne university hospital who underwent PLN biopsies guided by ultrasound from January 2008 to June 2011 (n=292). Cases with either granulomas at histology with the procedure or with a final diagnosis of sarcoidosis were included in the study. The histological specimens were adequate in 282 out of 292 cases (96%) showing non-caseating granulomas in 22 cases (n=20 patients with a final diagnosis of sarcoidosis and n=2 patients with tuberculosis). After reviewing clinical files of the 282 patient, 22 were confirmed to have sarcoidosis, at initial presentation (n=19) or later during flare-up or relapse (n=3) with only 2 patients having no granuloma on PLN biopsy. PLN were palpable in 18 cases and only detected by (18F)FDG-PET/CT showing increased PLN uptake in 4 cases. The sensitivity and specificity of adequate biopsy were 91 and 99% and the positive and negative predictive values were 91 and 99%, respectively. Core-needle biopsy guided by ultrasound has a high efficacy for evidencing granulomas in sarcoidosis patients with PLN involvement either clinically palpable or in the presence of (18F)FDG-PET/CT uptake.

  15. Value of fine-needle aspiration biopsy of salivary gland lesions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Rikke Kølby; Bjørndal, Kristine; Godballe, Christian

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the utility of fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) in the diagnosis and treatment planning of the lesions of the salivary gland. METHODS: Eight hundred seventy-nine aspiration biopsies of the lesion of the salivary gland over a 10-year period, from...... was 98%, and the negative predictive value was 97%. The overall accuracy was 93%. The correct subtyping of the benign lesions was 97%, and the exact type-specific concordance of the malignant lesions was 71%. CONCLUSION: Considerable benefit to the patient may result from the cautious use of FNAB...

  16.  Does the size of the needle influence the number of portal tracts obtained through percutaneous liver biopsy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sporea, Ioan; Gherhardt, Diana; Popescu, Alina; Sirli, Roxana; Cornianu, Maria; Herman, Diana; Bota, Simona

    2012-01-01

    Liver biopsy (LB) is often essential for the diagnosis and staging of chronic viral hepatitis. The aim of our paper was to establish if the size of the biopsy needle influences the number of portal tracts obtained through LB. We conducted a retrospective study on 596 echoassisted percutaneous LBs performed in the Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Timisoara during a 4 years period. We included only those biopsy results that had mentioned both the type of needle and the number of portal tracts. All LBs were echoassisted and performed with Menghini modified needles 1.4 and 1.6 mm in diameter (technique with two passages into the liver). The liver fragments were analyzed by a senior pathologist and Knodell score was used to describe necroinflammatory activity as well as fibrosis. We compared the number of portal tracts obtained with 1.4 vs. 1.6 Menghini needles. Type 1.4 mm Menghini needles were used for 80 LBs, while 1.6 mm type were used in 516 LBs. Liver fragments obtained with 1.6 mm Menghini needles had a significantly higher mean number of portal tracts as compared to those obtained with 1.4 needles (24.5 ± 10.6 vs. 20.8 ± 8.6, p = 0.003). The 1.6 mm Menghini needles provide better liver biopsy specimens, with higher number of portal tracts, as compared to 1.4 mm Menghini needles.

  17. Computer tomography guided transthoracic periaortic abscess needle biopsy in late mediastinitis after heart surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urbanowicz, Tomasz; Buczkowski, Piotr; Budniak, Wiktor; Katyńska, Izabela; Walczak, Maciej; Tomczyk, Jadwiga; Jemielity, Marek

    2014-01-01

    Mediastinitis is a well-known complication of open heart surgery. Abscess as late complication, presenting years after heart surgery, is adegnotical. Transthoracic needle biopsies of lung parenchyma guided by computer tomography are widely accepted. The puncture of periaortic masses is not routinely performed. We report the case of an encapsulated mediastinal abscess localized next to ascending vascular graft. The febrile 47-year-old white male patient with history of Bentall operation was admitted to Cardiac Surgery Department. He was transferred for urgent chest tomography after International Normalization Ratio was reversed by prothrombin complex concentrate. Tomography revealed 7 × 5 × 4 cm mass between the sternum and ascending aorta, that was punctured by the needle. After biopsy specimen was sent for microbiology, the patient was transferred for surgery. There was no vascular graft invasion by the mass. The surgery was limited to abscess removal with postoperative drainage of periaortic area. The 6-week antibiotic therapy was applied. Patient recovered uneventfully.

  18. Ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy in salivary glands: A meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hee Joon; Kim, Jong Seung

    2018-01-01

    Core needle biopsy is an effective diagnostic tool widely used in many oncological diagnostic approaches. It provides an adequate tissue sample for histological evaluation of architecture, which allows tumor grading and classification of malignant and benign tumors. This study aimed to provide an updated meta-analysis and systematic review of core needle biopsy in the salivary glands. A literature search using PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library through December 2016. Data on true positives, true negatives, false positives, and false negatives were extracted from the relevant articles. Methodological quality was assessed using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies 2 tool. We calculated accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using random-effects models that considered both within- and between-study variations. Our search included 10 observational studies. For core needle biopsy, the sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of salivary glands were 0.94 (95% CI: 0.92-0.96, I2  = 18.7%, χ2 P = .27) and 0.98 (95% CI: 0.97-0.99, I2  = 79.6%, χ2 P = .00), respectively. The area under the summary receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.98 (95% CI: 0.97-0.99). Seven hematomas, one case of temporary facial paralysis caused by local anesthesia, and no tumor seeding were reported from a total of 1,315 procedures. Ultrasound core needle biopsy of salivary glands is an excellent diagnostic tool in terms of accuracy, technical performance, and safety profile. NA. Laryngoscope, 128:118-125, 2018. © 2017 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.

  19. Needle core biopsy in the diagnosis of pediatric thyroid neoplasms: a single institution retrospective review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yunker, W K; Hassan, S F; Ferrell, L B; Hicks, M J; Giannoni, C M; Wesson, D E; Cassady, C I; Hernandez, J A; Brandt, M L; Lopez, M E

    2013-05-01

    Our institution routinely utilizes needle core biopsy (NCB), instead of fine needle aspiration, in the evaluation of pediatric thyroid nodules. This practice initially arose from limited cytopathology services in our hospital. Given the lack of information regarding the utility of NCB in diagnosing pediatric thyroid neoplasms, we set out to review our institution's experience with this technique. We performed a single institution retrospective chart review of all children who underwent thyroidectomy for primary thyroid pathology. Seventy-four patients, with a mean age of 12.9 ± 4.5 (SD) years, underwent partial or total thyroidectomy between 2002 and 2010. Seven of these patients had medically refractive hyperthyroidism. The remaining 67 patients had one or more thyroid nodules as identified by ultrasound. 24 (36 %) of these cases were malignant on final pathology. 14 (58 %) of the malignant cases were papillary thyroid carcinoma. 46 of the thyroid nodule cases underwent pre-operative NCB. Biopsy results for these patients were non-diagnostic in 6 (13 %), benign in 11 (24 %), atypical in 17 (37 %), and malignant in 12 (26 %). There were no complications arising from NCB. Sensitivity of NCB for diagnosing papillary carcinoma (PC) and follicular neoplasm was calculated at 0.88 (0.47-1.0, 95 % CI) and 0.84 (0.60-0.97, 95 % CI), respectively. Of the 28 patients not undergoing preoperative NCB, 12 underwent hemithyroidectomy, with one patient (8 %) requiring completion thyroidectomy for PC. Overall, the sensitivity of NCB in diagnosing PC and follicular thyroid neoplasms was 0.85 (0.55-0.99, 95 % CI), while the specificity was 0.63 (0.42-0.82, 95 % CI). Needle core biopsy appears to have a low rate of associated complications, and its sensitivity for diagnosing PC and follicular neoplasm is comparable to what has been reported for fine needle aspiration biopsy in a similar patient population.

  20. [Lymphatic metastasis in prostatic carcinoma. Diagnostic value of staging and transcutaneous needle biopsy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothenberger, K; Hofstetter, A; Pfeifer, K J; Voeth, C; Pensel, J

    1980-09-11

    Methods of diagnosis in metastatic disease of patients with prostatic cancer are reported. There is a high rate of inaccuracy in lymphography. In 23 patients the technique of transperitoneal fine needle aspiration biopsy of retroperitoneal lymph nodes after lymphography was used. In 8 patients malignant cells were found while lymphography showed metastases only in 4 cases. In these 8 cases a staging-operation was not indicated.

  1. Fine needle aspiration biopsy. A reliable diagnostic tool in the management of thyroid nodules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanni, C L; Bratt, H J; Dean, R E; Vanvliet, P D

    1984-09-01

    Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) has been suggested as a diagnostic alternative to routine thyroidectomy for solitary thyroid nodules. During a 15-month period, 51 patients underwent FNAB prior to thyroidectomy. FNAB demonstrated an accuracy of 73 per cent in predicting benign or malignant disease and would have reduced the number of thyroidectomies by 55 per cent. Furthermore, it was found to be safe and more cost-effective than traditional thyroid nodule evaluation and management.

  2. Fine needle biopsy of thyroid nodules: correlations between cytology and gistology, technical aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu Fedotov

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The results of comparative preoperative cytological and postoperative histological investigation of 3714 patients with thyroid nodules are presented. The causes of discrepancies are discussed and measures of their diminution are proposed. Great value of fine needle biopsy to differ thyroid nodules but follicular neoplasia into benign and malignant are determined. Its sensitivity in our clinics is 98.7% and specificity – 100%. Necessity of the of the second FNA if the first one is non informative is established.

  3. 3D density estimation in digital breast tomosynthesis: application to needle path planning for breast biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vancamberg, Laurence; Geeraert, Nausikaa; Iordache, Razvan; Palma, Giovanni; Klausz, Rémy; Muller, Serge

    2011-03-01

    Needle insertion planning for digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) guided biopsy has the potential to improve patient comfort and intervention safety. However, a relevant planning should take into account breast tissue deformation and lesion displacement during the procedure. Deformable models, like finite elements, use the elastic characteristics of the breast to evaluate the deformation of tissue during needle insertion. This paper presents a novel approach to locally estimate the Young's modulus of the breast tissue directly from the DBT data. The method consists in computing the fibroglandular percentage in each of the acquired DBT projection images, then reconstructing the density volume. Finally, this density information is used to compute the mechanical parameters for each finite element of the deformable mesh, obtaining a heterogeneous DBT based breast model. Preliminary experiments were performed to evaluate the relevance of this method for needle path planning in DBT guided biopsy. The results show that the heterogeneous DBT based breast model improves needle insertion simulation accuracy in 71% of the cases, compared to a homogeneous model or a binary fat/fibroglandular tissue model.

  4. Usefulness of ultrasonography-guided biopsy for the pancreatic lesion: Using an 18 gauge cut needle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yun, Eun Joo; Choi, Chul Soon; Yoon, Dae Young; Park, Sang Joon; Seo, Young Lan; Moon, Jeung Hee; Lim, Kyoung Ja [Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Bae, Sang Hoon [Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2004-06-15

    To evaluate the diagnostic yield and to assess the complications after ultrasonography-guided biopsy using an 18 G cut needle for pancreatic lesions. Ultrasonography (Sequoia 512, Acuson, Mountain View, Ca, U.S.A.) guided biopsies using an 18 G through-cut needle (ACECUT, TSK laboratory, Tochigi-shi, Tochigi-ken, Japan) were performed on 43 patients (27 men and 16 women, mean age = 59 years) with detected pancreatic lesions. The locations of pancreatic lesions were 11 (25%) in the head and uncinate process, 2 (5%) in the neck, 15 (35%) in the body, 10 (23%) in the tail, and 5 (12%) were of the diffuse type. The diagnostic yield and assessment of complications were retrospectively analysed. Tissue adequate for pathologic diagnosis was obtained in 38 (88%) of 43 patients. The pancreatic lesions were confirmed as adenocarcinomas (n=26), metastasis (n=3), suspicious malignancy (n=1), inflammatory pseudotumor (n=1), microcystic cystadenoma (n=1), and chronic pancreatitis (n=6). No major complications were seen, but mild fever and transient abdominal pain did occur (n=4). Ultrasonography-guided biopsy using an 18 G cut needle is an effective and safe diagnostic method for the evaluation of pancreatic lesions.

  5. [Clinical application of mammography-guided wire localization plus ultrasound-guided core-needle biopsy for breast microcalcification].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Decai; Zhang, Jinghua; Hu, Wanning; Li, Hongmin; Niu, Fengling; Liu, Jingping; Zhao, Zhiqiang; Han, Xiaochen; Zhang, Jinghui; Zhang, Haiping; Wang, Yang

    2014-08-26

    To evaluate the clinical usefulness of mammography-guided wire localization plus ultrasound-guided core-needle biopsy of breast microcalcification and avoid the effects of preoperative excisional biopsy for patients undergoing sentinel node biopsy. A total of 38 patients with unpalpable lesions, ultrasonic negativity and abnormal mammography received a guide wire under mammography and performed ultrasound-guided core-needle biopsy of breast microcalcification before preoperative excisional biopsy. All 38 lesions were successfully located and biopsied for pathological examination. Carcinoma was present in 9 lesions: ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) (6/38) and intraductal carcinoma with early infiltration (3/38). For 29 benign lesions, there were mastopathies (25/38), atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH)(3/38) and intraductal papiloma (1/38). Breast microcalcification was detected in all lesions by ultrasound-guided core-needle biopsy. The detection rate of breast cancer detected was 30.8% and the diagnostic accuracy 100%. For patients with unpalpable lesions, ultrasound negativity and abnormal mammography, mammography-guided wire-localization plus ultrasound-guided core-needle biopsy of breast microcalcification is accurate, safe and feasible. And it may avoid the effects of preoperative excisional biopsy for patients with sentinel node biopsy. The procedure is worthy of wider clinical applications.

  6. Application of Raman spectroscopy to identify microcalcifications and underlying breast lesions at stereotactic core needle biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barman, Ishan; Dingari, Narahara Chari; Saha, Anushree; McGee, Sasha; Galindo, Luis H.; Liu, Wendy; Plecha, Donna; Klein, Nina; Dasari, Ramachandra Rao; Fitzmaurice, Maryann

    2013-01-01

    Microcalcifications are a feature of diagnostic significance on a mammogram and a target for stereotactic breast needle biopsy. Here, we report development of a Raman spectroscopy technique to simultaneously identify microcalcification status and diagnose the underlying breast lesion, in real-time, during stereotactic core needle biopsy procedures. Raman spectra were obtained ex vivo from 146 tissue sites from fresh stereotactic breast needle biopsy tissue cores from 33 patients, including 50 normal tissue sites, 77 lesions with microcalcifications, and 19 lesions without microcalcifications, using a compact clinical system. The Raman spectra were modeled based on the breast tissue components and a support vector machine framework was used to develop a single-step diagnostic algorithm to distinguish normal tissue, fibrocystic change (FCC), fibroadenoma (FA) and breast cancer, in the absence and presence of microcalcifications. This algorithm was subjected to leave-one-site-out cross-validation, yielding a positive predictive value, negative predictive value, sensitivity and specificity of 100%, 95.6%, 62.5% and 100% for diagnosis of breast cancer (with or without microcalcifications) and an overall accuracy of 82.2% for classification into specific categories of normal tissue, FCC, FA or breast cancer (with and without microcalcifications). Notably, the majority of breast cancers diagnosed are ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), the most common lesion associated with microcalcifications, which could not be diagnosed using previous Raman algorithm(s). Our study demonstrates the potential of Raman spectroscopy to concomitantly detect microcalcifications and diagnose associated lesions, including DCIS, and thus provide real-time feedback to radiologists during such biopsy procedures, reducing non-diagnostic and false negative biopsies. PMID:23729641

  7. Precision of Raman Spectroscopy Measurements in Detection of Microcalcifications in Breast Needle Biopsies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saha, Anushree; Barman, Ishan; Dingari, Narahara Chari; Galindo, Luis H.; Sattar, Abdus; Liu, Wendy; Plecha, Donna; Klein, Nina; Dasari, Ramachandra Rao; Fitzmaurice, Maryann

    2012-01-01

    Microcalcifications are an early mammographic sign of breast cancer and a target for stereotactic breast needle biopsy. We developed Raman spectroscopy decision algorithms to detect breast microcalcifications, based on fit coefficients (FC) derived by modeling tissue Raman spectra as a linear combination of the Raman spectra of 9 chemical and morphologic components of breast tissue. However, little or no information is available on the precision of such measurements and its effect on the ability of Raman spectroscopy to make predictions for breast microcalcification detection. Here we report the precision, that is, the closeness of agreement between replicate Raman spectral measurements - and the model FC derived from them - obtained ex vivo from fresh breast biopsies from patients undergoing stereotactic breast needle biopsy, using a compact clinical Raman system. The coefficients of variation of the model FC averaged 0.03 for normal breast tissue sites, 0.12 for breast lesions without and 0.22 for breast lesions with microcalcifications. Imprecision in the FC resulted in diagnostic discordance among replicates only for line-sitters, that is, tissue sites with FC values near the decision line or plane. The source of this imprecision and their implications for the use of Raman spectroscopy for guidance of stereotactic breast biopsies for microcalcifications are also discussed. In summary, we conclude that the precision of Raman spectroscopy measurements in breast tissue obtained using our compact clinical system is more than adequate to make accurate and repeatable predictions of microcalcifications in breast tissue using decision algorithms based on model FC. This provides strong evidence of the potential of Raman spectroscopy guidance of stereotactic breast needle biopsies for microcalcifications. PMID:22746329

  8. Radiation dose reduction in CT-guided sacroiliac joint injections to levels of pulsed fluoroscopy: a comparative study with technical considerations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Artner J

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Juraj Artner, Balkan Cakir, Heiko Reichel, Friederike LattigDepartment of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Ulm, RKU, GermanyBackground: The sacroiliac (SI joint is frequently the primary source of low back pain. Over the past decades, a number of different SI injection techniques have been used in its diagnosis and therapy. Despite the concerns regarding exposure to radiation, image-guided injection techniques are the preferred method to achieve safe and precise intra-articular needle placement. The following study presents a comparison of radiation doses, calculated for fluoroscopy and CT-guided SI joint injections in standard and low-dose protocol and presents the technical possibility of CT-guidance with maximum radiation dose reduction to levels of fluoroscopic-guidance for a precise intra-articular injection technique.Objective: To evaluate the possibility of dose reduction in CT-guided sacroiliac joint injections to pulsed-fluoroscopy-guidance levels and to compare the doses of pulsed-fluoroscopy-, CT-guidance, and low-dose CT-guidance for intra-articular SI joint injections.Study design: Comparative study with technical considerations.Methods: A total of 30 CT-guided intra-articular SI joint injections were performed in January 2012 in a developed low-dose mode and the radiation doses were calculated. They were compared to 30 pulsed-fluoroscopy-guided SI joint injections, which were performed in the month before, and to five injections, performed in standard CT-guided biopsy mode for spinal interventions. The statistical significance was calculated with the SPSS software using the Mann–Whitney U-Test. Technical details and anatomical considerations were provided.Results: A significant dose reduction of average 94.01% was achieved using the low-dose protocol for CT-guided SI joint injections. The radiation dose could be approximated to pulsed-fluoroscopy-guidance levels.Conclusion: Radiation dose of CT-guided SI joint injections can be

  9. Computer tomography guided lung biopsy using interactive breath-hold control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ashraf, Haseem; Krag-Andersen, Shella; Naqibullah, Matiullah

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Interactive breath-hold control (IBC) may improve the accuracy and decrease the complication rate of computed tomography (CT)-guided lung biopsy, but this presumption has not been proven in a randomized study. METHODS: Patients admitted for CT-guided lung biopsy were randomized...... to biopsy either with (N=201) or without (N=206) IBC. Biopsy accuracy, procedure time, radiation, and complications were compared in the two groups. Predictors for pneumothorax were analyzed. RESULTS: Procedures performed with the use of IBC (N=130) did not show higher biopsy accuracy (P=0.979) but were...... associated with a higher risk of pneumothorax (P=0.022) compared to procedures without the use of IBC (N=171). Overall, 50% of the biopsies were malignant, 13% were benign, and 33% were inconclusive (4% missing). Long needle time (P=0.037) and small nodule size (P=0.001) were predictors of pneumothorax...

  10. Interobserver agreement of gleason score and modified gleason score in needle biopsy and in surgical specimen of prostate cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Veloso,Sergio G.; Lima,Mario F.; Salles,Paulo G.; Berenstein,Cynthia K.; Scalon, Joao D.; Bambirra, Eduardo A.

    2007-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Gleason score, which has a high interobserver variability, is used to classify prostate cancer. The most recent consensus valued the tertiary Gleason pattern and recommended its use in the final score of needle biopsies (modified Gleason score). This pattern is considered to be of high prognostic value in surgical specimens. This study emphasized the evaluation of the modified score agreement in needle biopsies and in surgical specimen, as well as the interobserver variability o...

  11. Sonographically guided fine-needle biopsy of thyroid nodules: the effects of nodule characteristics, sampling technique, and needle size on the adequacy of cytological material

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Degirmenci, B. [Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kocatepe, Afyonkarahisar (Turkey)]. E-mail: bumin.degirmenci@gmail.com; Haktanir, A. [Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kocatepe, Afyonkarahisar (Turkey); Albayrak, R. [Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kocatepe, Afyonkarahisar (Turkey); Acar, M. [Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kocatepe, Afyonkarahisar (Turkey); Sahin, D.A. [Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kocatepe, Afyonkarahisar (Turkey); Sahin, O. [Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kocatepe, Afyonkarahisar (Turkey); Yucel, A. [Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kocatepe, Afyonkarahisar (Turkey); Caliskan, G. [Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kocatepe, Afyonkarahisar (Turkey)

    2007-08-15

    Aim: To evaluate the effects of sonographic characteristics of thyroid nodules, the diameter of needle used for sampling, and sampling technique on obtaining sufficient cytological material (SCM). Materials and methods: We performed sonography-guided fine-needle biopsy (FNB) in 232 solid thyroid nodules. Size-, echogenicity, vascularity, and localization of all nodules were evaluated by Doppler sonography before the biopsy. Needles of size 20, 22, and 24 G were used for biopsy. The biopsy specimen was acquired using two different methods after localisation. In first method, the needle tip was advanced into the nodule in various positions using a to-and-fro motion whilst in the nodule, along with concurrent aspiration. In the second method, the needle was advanced vigorously using a to-and-fro motion within the nodule whilst being rotated on its axis (capillary-action technique). Results: The mean nodule size was 2.1 {+-} 1.3 cm (range 0.4-7.2 cm). SCM was acquired from 154 (66.4%) nodules by sonography-guided FNB. In 78 (33.6%) nodules, SCM could not be collected. There was no significant difference between nodules with different echogenicity and vascularity for SCM. Regarding the needle size, the lowest rate of SCM was obtained using 20 G needles (56.6%) and the highest rate of adequate material was obtained using 24 G needles (82.5%; p = 0.001). The SCM rate was 76.9% with the capillary-action technique versus 49.4% with the aspiration technique (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Selecting finer needles (24-25 G) for sonography-guided FNB of thyroid nodules and using the capillary-action technique decreased the rate of inadequate material in cytological examination.

  12. Development of a Multifunctional Needle for Percutaneous Heart Biopsy and Cell Therapy. A Technical Note

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathan Valle Soubihe Junior

    Full Text Available Abstract Validation of transendocardial injection as a method for delivering therapeutic agents to the diseased heart is increasing. Puncture heart biopsies should re-emerge as a possible alternative method to allow access to the myocardium and implantable biomaterial for cell therapy. Therefore, this work aims to present a percutaneous puncture device for biopsy and intramyocardial biomaterial injection, standardize the technique and attest to the safety of the method. The adaptation consists of creating myocardial microlesions that allow for better fixation of stem cells. The objective of this technical note covers only the development of the needle and the histological quality of the biopsies. It has not been used in humans yet.

  13. Transthoracic biopsy with core cutting needle (Trucut for the diagnosis of mediastinal tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Zamboni

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To determine the contribution of percutaneous biopsy with core cutting needle (Trucut in the diagnosis of mediastinal tumours. Method: Retrospective review of 56 patients with mediastinal lesions who underwent percutaneous core cutting needle biopsy, oriented but not guided by computer assisted tomography of the thorax, 1999 – 2008. Results: Percutaneous biopsy with core cutting needle provided adequate material in 49/56, with a total positive sample rate of 88%. In 7/56 (12% cases the material was insufficient to define the diagnosis. Percutaneous core cutting needle biopsy established a specific histological diagnosis in 88% of the patients: 23/56 (41% lymphomas; 12/56 (21% thymomas; 5/56 (3% thymic carcinomas; 3/56 (2% small cell carcinoma and 1/56 (0.6% metastatic adenocarcinoma, metastatic squamous cell carcinoma, neuroendocrine primitive carcinoma, plasmocytoma, teratoma and goiter. All patients underwent thoracic X-ray after the procedure. No complications were found in these patients. Conclusion: Percutaneous core cutting needle biopsy (Trucut oriented but not guided by computer assisted tomography of the thorax is an easy and safe procedure which can provide a precise diagnosis in the majority of mediastinal tumours and can prevent the need for exploratory thoracic surgery in cases which are medically treatable or non-resectable. Resumo: Objetivo: Determinar a contribuição da biópsia percutânea com agulha cortante (Trucut no diagnóstico das massas mediastínicas. Método: Revisão retrospectiva de 56 doentes com massas mediastínicas submetidos a biópsias com agulha cortante orientadas, mas não guiadas, pela tomografia computadorizada do tórax, no período de 1999 a 2008. Resultados: A biópsia percutânea com agulha cortante forneceu material adequado para o diagnóstico em 49/56 casos, com índice de positividade de 88%. Em 7/56, o material colhido foi insuficiente para definir o

  14. Diagnostic quality of percutaneous fine-needle aspirates and laparoscopic biopsy specimens of the liver in rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proença, Laila M; Camus, Melinda; Nemeth, Nicole; Sharma, Ajay; Stelmach, Dainna; Mayer, Jörg; Divers, Stephen J

    2015-02-01

    To evaluate diagnostic quality of liver percutaneous ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspirates and laparoscopic biopsy specimens of rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Prospective descriptive study. 7 healthy adult rabbits. 3 to 5 liver fine-needle aspirates were obtained with a 22-gauge needle under ultrasound guidance in anesthetized rabbits. Liver biopsy specimens were also obtained with 1.7-mm (n = 2) or 3.0-mm (1) biopsy forceps by direct laparoscopic observation. Fine-needle aspirates were cytologically evaluated on a scale from 0 (suboptimal specimen) to 3 (optimal specimen) for cellularity, cell distribution, cell preservation, cell morphology, and blood contamination. Biopsy specimens were histologically evaluated on a scale from 0 (optimal specimen) to 5 (suboptimal specimen) for artifactual changes; numbers of portal triads and central veins were quantified. Aspirates were moderately to highly cellular (mean, 2.54) with good cell distribution (mean, 2.56), good cell preservation (mean, 2.20), and moderate blood contamination (mean, 1.04). The 1.7-mm biopsy specimens had a mean score of 1.3 for artifactual changes and contained a mean of 0.6 portal triads and 1.6 central veins/biopsy specimen. The 3.0-mm liver biopsy specimens had a mean score of 2.7 for artifactual changes, with a mean of 4.0 portal triads and 4.14 central veins/biopsy specimen. All but one 3.0-mm liver biopsy specimen had ≥ 1 portal triad suitable for histologic evaluation, and all had ≥ 1 central vein; in contrast, only half of the 1.7-mm liver biopsy specimens had a discernible portal triad or central vein. For histologic evaluation, advantages of obtaining 3.0-mm liver biopsy specimens, compared with 1.7-mm liver biopsy specimens or fine-needle aspirates, should be considered in rabbits with suspected liver disease.

  15. Inflammatory atrophy on prostate needle biopsies: is there topographic relationship to cancer?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Athanase Billis

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Chronic inflammation of longstanding duration has been linked to the development of carcinoma in several organ systems. It is controversial whether there is any relationship of inflammatory atrophy to prostate cancer. It has been suggested that the proliferative epithelium in inflammatory atrophy may progress to high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia and/or adenocarcinoma. The objective of our study is to compare on needle prostate biopsies of patients showing cancer the topographical relation of inflammatory atrophy and atrophy with no inflammation to adenocarcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The frequency and extent of the lesions were studied on 172 needle biopsies of patients with prostate cancer. In cores showing both lesions, the foci of atrophy were counted. Clinicopathological features were compared according to presence or absence of inflammation. RESULTS: Considering only cores showing adenocarcinoma, atrophy was seen in 116/172 (67.44% biopsies; 70/116 (60.34% biopsies showed atrophy and no inflammation and 46/116 (39.66% biopsies showed inflammatory atrophy. From a total of 481 cores in 72 biopsies with inflammatory atrophy 184/481 (38.25% cores showed no atrophy; 166/481 (34.51% cores showed atrophy and no inflammation; 111/481 (23.08% cores showed both lesions; and 20/481 (4.16% showed only inflammatory atrophy. There was no statistically significant difference for the clinicopathological features studied. CONCLUSION: The result of our study seems not to favor the model of prostatic carcinogenesis in which there is a topographical relation of inflammatory atrophy to adenocarcinoma.

  16. Fine-needle aspiration versus core needle biopsy for diagnosis of thyroid malignancy and neoplasm: a matched cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Soo-Yeon; Lee, Hye Sun; Moon, Jieun; Kim, Eun-Kyung; Moon, Hee Jung; Yoon, Jung Hyun; Kwak, Jin Young

    2017-02-01

    To compare the diagnostic performances of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) and core needle biopsy (CNB) in the diagnosis of thyroid malignancy and neoplasm in patients who underwent surgery for thyroid nodules. This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board, and the need to obtain informed consent was waived. 3192 patients who underwent FNA (n = 3048) or CNB (n = 144) for diagnosis of thyroid nodules and then proceeded with surgery were included. Surgical pathologic diagnosis was the reference standard. Diagnostic performances of FNA and CNB to predict malignancy and neoplasm were compared. Propensity score matching was used to match patients with FNA with those with CNB because there were significant differences in the number of nodules and nodule characteristics between the FNA and CNB groups. Before matching, the sensitivity and accuracy of FNA were significantly higher or comparable with those of CNB, and the specificity, negative predictive value and positive predictive value were comparable. After matching, the diagnostic performances were similar, with the exception of specificity for predicting neoplasm being higher with CNB than with FNA. FNA showed comparable diagnostic performance to CNB; therefore, there may be no benefit in performing CNB to diagnose papillary thyroid carcinoma and neoplasm. • Diagnostic performances of FNA and CNB for thyroid malignancy and neoplasm were compared. • FNA showed comparable performances to CNB both before and after statistical matching. • There may be no benefit in performing CNB, given the comparable performances.

  17. Positive and negative mood following imaging-guided core needle breast biopsy and receipt of biopsy results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perlman, Katherine L; Shelby, Rebecca A; Wren, Anava A; Kelleher, Sarah A; Dorfman, Caroline S; O'Connor, Erin; Kim, Connie; Johnson, Karen S; Soo, Mary Scott

    2017-12-01

    Positive and negative mood are independent psychological responses to stressful events. Negative mood negatively impacts well-being and co-occurring positive mood leads to improved adjustment. Women undergoing core needle breast biopsies (CNB) experience distress during CNB and awaiting results; however, influences of mood are not well known. This longitudinal study examines psychosocial and biopsy- and spirituality-related factors associated with mood in patients day of CNB and one week after receiving results. Ninety women undergoing CNB completed questionnaires on psychosocial factors (chronic stress, social support), biopsy experiences (pain, radiologist communication), and spirituality (peace, meaning, faith) day of CNB. Measures of positive and negative mood were completed day of CNB and one week after receiving results (benign n = 50; abnormal n = 25). Multiple linear regression analyses were conducted. Greater positive mood correlated with greater peace (β = .25, p = .02) day of CNB. Lower negative mood correlated with greater peace (β = -.29, p = .004) and there was a trend for a relationship with less pain during CNB (β = .19, p = .07). For patients with benign results, day of CNB positive mood predicted positive mood post-results (β = .31, p = .03) and only chronic stress predicted negative mood (β = .33, p = .03). For women with abnormal results, greater meaning day of CNB predicted lower negative mood post-results (β = -.45, p = .03). Meaning and peace may be important for women undergoing CNB and receiving abnormal results.

  18. New radiofrequency device to reduce bleeding after core needle biopsy: Experimental study in a porcine liver model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lim, Sang Hyeok; Rhim, Hyun Chul; Lee, Min Woo; Song, Kyoung Doo; Kang, Tae Wook; Kim, Young Sun; Lim, Hyo Keun [Dept. of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2017-01-15

    To evaluate the in vivo efficiency of the biopsy tract radiofrequency ablation for hemostasis after core biopsy of the liver in a porcine liver model, including situations with bleeding tendency and a larger (16-gauge) core needle. A preliminary study was performed using one pig to determine optimal ablation parameters. For the main experiment, four pigs were assigned to different groups according to heparinization use and biopsy needle caliber. In each pig, 14 control (without tract ablation) and 14 experimental (tract ablation) ultrasound-guided core biopsies were performed using either an 18- or 16-gauge needle. Post-biopsy bleeding amounts were measured by soaking up the blood for five minutes. The results were compared using the Mann-Whitney U test. The optimal parameters for biopsy tract ablation were determined as a 2-cm active tip electrode set at 40-watt with a tip temperature of 70–80℃. The bleeding amounts in all experimental groups were smaller than those in the controls; however they were significant in the non-heparinized pig biopsied with an 18-gauge needle and in two heparinized pigs (p < 0.001). In the heparinized pigs, the mean blood loss in the experimental group was 3.5% and 13.5% of the controls biopsied with an 18- and 16-gauge needle, respectively. Radiofrequency ablation of hepatic core biopsy tract ablation may reduce post-biopsy bleeding even under bleeding tendency and using a larger core needle, according to the result from in vivo porcine model experiments.

  19. Vacuum-assisted breast biopsy: A comparison of 11-gauge and 8-gauge needles in benign breast disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kraemer Bernhard

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Minimal invasive breast biopsy is standard care for the diagnosis of suspicious breast lesions. There are different vacuum biopsy (VB systems in use. The aim of the study was to determine the differences between the 8-gauge and the 11-gauge needle with respect to a diagnostic reliability, b complication rate and c subjective perception of pain when used for vacuum-assisted breast biopsy. Methods Between 01/2000 and 09/2004, 923 patients at St. Josefs-Hospital Wiesbaden underwent VB using the Mammotome® (Ethicon Endosurgery, Hamburg. Depending on preoperative detection, the procedure was performed under sonographic or mammographic guidance under local anaesthesia. All patients included in the study were followed up both clinically and using imaging techniques one week after the VB and a second time after a median of 41 months. Excisional biopsy on the ipsilateral breast was an exclusion criteria. Subjective pain scores were recorded on a scale of 0 – 10 (0 = no pain, 10 = unbearable pain. The mean age of the patients was 53 years (30 – 88. Results 123 patients were included in the study in total. 48 patients were biopsied with the 8-gauge needle and 75 with the 11-gauge needle. The use of the 8-gauge needle did not show any significant differences to the 11-gauge needle with regard to diagnostic reliability, complication rate and subjective perception of pain. Conclusion Our data show that there are no relevant differences between the 8-gauge and 11-gauge needle when used for VB. Under sonographic guidance, the use of the 8-gauge needle is recommended for firm breast tissue due to its sharp scalpel point and especially for complete removal of benign lesions. We did not find any advantages in the use of the larger 8-gauge needle compared to the 11-gauge needle in the mammography setting. The utilisation costs of the 8-gauge needle are somewhat higher.

  20. Nonpalpable breast lesion. Stereotaxic core needle aspiration biopsy with a single pass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vega, A; Arrizabalaga, R; Garijo, F; Guerra, I

    1995-03-01

    One hundred and fifty-six patients with suspect nonpalpable breast lesion underwent stereotaxic core needle aspiration biopsy (SCNAB) with a single pass in an upright "add-on" stereotaxic device using a manual 1.6-mm needle (16 G), to determine whether the results were comparable to results of SCNAB with a multiple-pass technique. Of the 69 carcinomas, 51 (74%) were correctly diagnosed and definitive surgical therapy, without surgical biopsy, was performed in 42 of the 50 invasive carcinomas (84%) and in 9 of the 19 noninvasive carcinomas (47%). Ten noninvasive carcinomas and 4 invasive carcinomas, discovered by microcalcifications or distortion on the mammograms, form 78% of the false-negative results. There were no false-positive results. Vasovagal reactions occurred in 11% of the procedures. Although the results were acceptable in patients with invasive carcinoma, more than one needle pass is necessary for greater diagnostic accuracy of SCNAB, especially in patients with only microcalcifications or distortion on the mammogram.

  1. Needle muscle biopsy: technique validation and histological and histochemical methods for evaluating canine skeletal muscles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio de Almeida Braga

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the needle muscle biopsy technique using a 6G Bergström percutaneous needle combined with histological and histochemical methods to analyze the skeletal muscle of dogs. There are few studies about canine skeletal muscles and a lack of reports in the literature about tissue collection and analysis for canine species. Evaluation of 32 German Shepherd samples collected from the gluteus medius, at a depth of 3 cm, was performed. The choice of gluteus medius and the 3-cm depth provided good quantity fragments with sufficient sizes (3–5 mm, which permitted optimal visualization of muscle fibers. Myosin ATPase, at pH 9.4, 4.6, and 4.3, and SDH reactions revealed that all muscle samples analyzed had fibers in the classic mosaic arrangement, enabling counting and typification. The mean percentages of fibers were 29.95% for type I and 70.05% for type II. On the basis of these results, we concluded that the percutaneous needle biopsy technique for canine skeletal muscles is a safe and easy procedure that obtains fragments of proper sizes, thereby enabling the study of muscle fibers. Standardization of the muscle of choice and the depth of muscle sample collection significantly contributed to this success. This is an important method to evaluate muscle fiber types of dogs and diagnose important diseases affecting the skeletal muscles.

  2. The cost effectiveness of vacuum-assisted versus core-needle versus surgical biopsy of breast lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández-García, P; Marco-Doménech, S F; Lizán-Tudela, L; Ibáñez-Gual, M V; Navarro-Ballester, A; Casanovas-Feliu, E

    To determine the cost effectiveness of breast biopsy by 9G vacuum-assisted guided by vertical stereotaxy or ultrasonography in comparison with breast biopsy by 14G core-needle biopsy and surgical biopsy. We analyzed a total of 997 biopsies (181 vacuum-assisted, 626 core, and 190 surgical biopsies). We calculated the total costs (indirect and direct) of the three types of biopsy. We did not calculate intangible costs. We measured the percentage of correct diagnoses obtained with each technique. To identify the most cost-effective option, we calculated the mean ratios for the three types of biopsies. Total costs were €225.09 for core biopsy, €638.90 for vacuum-assisted biopsy, and €1780.01 for surgical biopsy. The overall percentage of correct diagnoses was 91.81% for core biopsy, 94.03% for vacuum-assisted biopsy, and 100% for surgical biopsy; however, these differences did not reach statistical significance (p=0.3485). For microcalcifications, the percentage of correct diagnoses was 50% for core biopsy and 96.77% for vacuum-assisted biopsy (p<0.0001). For nodules, there were no significant differences among techniques. The mean cost-effectiveness ratio considering all lesions was 2.45 for core biopsy, 6.79 for vacuum-assisted biopsy, and 17.80 for surgical biopsy. Core biopsy was the dominant option for the diagnosis of suspicious breast lesions in general. However, in cases with microcalcifications, the low percentage of correct diagnoses achieved by core biopsy (50%) advises against its use in this context, where vacuum-assisted biopsy would be the technique of choice because it is more cost-effective than surgical biopsy, the other technique indicated for biopsying microcalcifications. Copyright © 2016 SERAM. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  3. Confocal Microscopy of Unfixed Breast Needle Core Biopsies: A Comparison to Fixed and Stained Sections

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Background Needle core biopsy, often in conjunction with ultrasonic or stereotactic guided techniques, is frequently used to diagnose breast carcinoma in women. Confocal scanning laser microscopy (CSLM) is a technology that provides real-time digital images of tissues with cellular resolution. This paper reports the progress in developing techniques to rapidly screen needle core breast biopsy and surgical specimens at the point of care. CSLM requires minimal tissue processing and has the potential to reduce the time from excision to diagnosis. Following imaging, specimens can still be submitted for standard histopathological preparation. Methods Needle core breast specimens from 49 patients were imaged at the time of biopsy. These lesions had been characterized under the Breast Imaging Reporting And Data System (BI-RADS) as category 3, 4 or 5. The core biopsies were imaged with the CSLM before fixation. Samples were treated with 5% citric acid and glycerin USP to enhance nuclear visibility in the reflectance confocal images. Immediately following imaging, the specimens were fixed in buffered formalin and submitted for histological processing and pathological diagnosis. CSLM images were then compared to the standard histology. Results The pathologic diagnoses by standard histology were 7 invasive ductal carcinomas, 2 invasive lobular carcinomas, 3 ductal carcinomas in-situ (CIS), 21 fibrocystic changes/proliferative conditions, 9 fibroadenomas, and 5 other/benign; two were excluded due to imaging difficulties. Morphologic and cellular features of benign and cancerous lesions were identified in the confocal images and were comparable to standard histologic sections of the same tissue. Conclusion CSLM is a technique with the potential to screen needle core biopsy specimens in real-time. The confocal images contained sufficient information to identify stromal reactions such as fibrosis and cellular proliferations such as intra-ductal and infiltrating carcinoma, and

  4. A randomised study on the efficacy and safety of an automated Tru-Cut needle for percutaneous liver biopsy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.R. van Buuren (Henk); W.C.J. Hop (Wim); R.A. de Man (Robert)

    2004-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND: We studied whether the theoretical advantages of a spring-loaded liver biopsy needle exist in clinical practice and if so if they are dependent upon the experience of the physician performing the biopsy. METHODS: In a stratified randomised study we enrolled

  5. Comparison of the diagnostic performance of 2 core biopsy needles for EUS-guided tissue acquisition from solid pancreatic lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nayar, Manu K; Paranandi, Bharat; Dawwas, Muhammad F; Leeds, John S; Darne, Antony; Haugk, Beate; Majumdar, Debasis; Ahmed, Muna M; Oppong, Kofi W

    2017-05-01

    A new core biopsy needle with a novel tip, opposing bevel, and sheath design has recently been introduced for EUS-guided fine-needle biopsy (FNB). The diagnostic utility of this needle for differentiating solid pancreatic masses is currently unknown. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance and yield for tissue acquisition from solid pancreatic lesions of the opposing bevel needle with those of a reverse bevel EUS-FNB needle. Consecutive patients with solid pancreatic masses undergoing EUS-FNB using the opposing bevel (n = 101) and the reverse bevel (n = 100) core biopsy needles were included in the study. Final diagnosis was based on positive histology or at least 12 months of follow-up in cases with a negative biopsy. The primary outcome was the diagnostic performance of the 2 needles for malignant pancreatic masses. A secondary outcome was the diagnostic yield. Compared with the reverse bevel needle, using strict criteria the opposing bevel needle provided significantly higher sensitivity (71.1% vs 90.1%; P = .0006) and overall accuracy (74% vs 92%; I = 0.0006) for discriminating malignant from benign solid pancreatic masses. The proportion of samples classified as adequate for histologic analysis was 87% for the reverse bevel needle versus 99% for the opposing bevel needle (p = 0.002) Multivariate analysis controlling the needle gauge and site did not show any significant difference in accuracy and sensitivity between the 2 groups. There were no adverse events in either group. In this first, large, single-center preliminary cohort study, an EUS core biopsy needle with a novel tip, opposing bevel, and sheath design afforded substantially superior tissue yield and diagnostic performance compared with a reverse-bevel needle. If replicated by randomized controlled trials, our findings suggest that similarly designed needles could become the standard of care for EUS-guided tissue acquisition from solid pancreatic masses. Crown Copyright

  6. Latissimus dorsi fine needle muscle biopsy: a novel and efficient approach to study proximal muscles of upper limbs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paoli, Antonio; Pacelli, Quirico F; Toniolo, Luana; Miotti, Danilo; Reggiani, Carlo

    2010-12-01

    The muscle biopsy based on the Bergström needle has been widely used for more than 40 y for diagnosis and experimental studies on muscle. More recently, thinner needles and tru-cut needles have also been introduced. Such techniques have been largely tested on various muscles, including the quadriceps, with few studies on upper limb muscles like deltoid, and no studies on latissimus dorsi muscle (LDM). In this study, we implemented and validated a protocol to collect samples of LDM for experimental purposes, causing minimal discomfort to volunteers. Two main problems were considered: the anatomical localization of the biopsy site and the selection of an appropriate needle. A strict protocol of palpatory anatomy was adopted and validated with ultrasonography to localize the biopsy site in LDM in subjects with various degrees of muscle development. A 14 gauge tru-cut needle was selected as the smallest and still effective device for sampling. Biopsy sampling was performed in 18 subjects without any complications, or complains of pain or functional limitations. Approximately 4 mg of tissue were recovered from each introduction of the inner notched cannula of the needle. With three consecutive samplings, an amount of tissue sufficient to prepare proteins for gel electrophoresis and Western blot and to dissect single fiber segment for functional experiments, was obtained. Taken together, the results suggest that this biopsy technique opens to experimental studies muscles until now never considered accessible. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Fine needle aspiration biopsy diagnosis of metastatic neoplasms of the breast. A three-case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Garza-Guajardo

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Metastases to the breast are unusual lesions that make up approximately 2% of all malignant mammary neoplasms and may mimic both benign and malignant primary neoplasms from a clinical point of view, as well as in imaging studies. Arriving at a correct diagnosis is therefore essential in order to establish appropriate management. We present three cases of metastatic neoplasms diagnosed through fine needle aspiration biopsy and immunocytochemistry. The cytological diagnoses were: medulloblastoma in an 18-year-old woman, melanoma in a 26-year-old man, and an exceptional case of ovarian sarcoma originating from a granulosa cell tumor with metastases to both breasts. A metastatic disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a palpable mass in the breast, especially if there is a history of an extramammary malignant neoplasm. Fine needle aspiration biopsy is the method of choice for the management of these cases. Whenever possible the exam of the material obtained should be compared to the previous biopsy, which is usually enough to arrive at a correct diagnosis, thus preventing unnecessary surgical procedures.

  8. Prostate cancer: Relationship between vascular diameter, shape and density and Gleason score in needle biopsy specimens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tadayyon, Farhad; Mellat, Mehdi; Alizadeh, Farshid; Hadi, Mazaher; Khorrami, Mohammadhatef; Yazdani, Mohammad; Joozdani, Rasoul Hashemi

    2013-01-01

    Tumor growth requires expansion and development of vascular network. An increase in Gleason score is representative of an increase in tumor invasion and extent. In this study, the relationship between Gleason score and vascular characteristics of needle biopsy samples in prostate cancer patients has been evaluated. We evaluated vascular characteristics including density and size of vessels; and percentage of vessels with irregular shape in 62 cancer-positive samples obtained by prostate needle biopsy under ultrasound guide, and compared them to Gleason score. Gleason scores of 23 patients were ≤6; Gleason scores of 18 patients were 7 and 21 patients had their Gleason score from 8 to 10. An increase in Gleason score was associated with increased vascular density (P Gleason score can prognosticate the behavioral characteristics of prostate cancer in future, vascular characteristics may also be able to express tumor behavior. With attention to vascular characteristics in biopsy samples and apart from Gleason score, we may also be able to divide patients into other subtypes in a way being helpful for the establishment of treatment plan.

  9. Microscopic findings in EUS-guided fine needle (SharkCore) biopsies with type 1 and type 2 autoimmune pancreatitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Detlefsen, Sönke; Joergensen, Maiken Thyregod; Mortensen, Michael Bau

    2017-01-01

    The International Consensus Diagnostic Criteria (ICDC) for the diagnosis of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) include the histological criterion that is based on either pancreatic core needle biopsies (CNBs) or surgical specimens. However, CNBs are difficult to obtain by endoscopic ultrasound (EUS......). EUS fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) cytology is usually not sufficient for the diagnosis of AIP, but may sometimes contain tissue microfragments. Another approach is EUS-guided histological fine-needle biopsy (EUS-FNB), using needles such as the SharkCore or ProCore needle. Published data regarding...... EUS-guided SharkCore FNB for the diagnosis of AIP are lacking. We aimed to describe our histological findings in one type 1 and two type 2 AIP patients who underwent EUS SharkCore FNB. The EUS-FNBs of two patients fulfilled the histological level 2 ICDC for type 1 AIP or type 2 AIP. The EUS-FNB of one...

  10. Unusual forms of immature sporulating Coccidioides immitis diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ke, Yong; Smith, Corey W; Salaru, Gratian; Joho, Kim L; Deen, Malik F

    2006-01-01

    Coccidioidomycosis is an endemic infection acquired by inhalation of the spores (arthroconidia) of the thermally dimorphic fungus, Coccidioides immitis. The arthroconidia transform into spherical cells called mature spherules in the lung. Immature spherules and other atypical forms of immature C immitis have rarely been found in vivo. We report on a case that presented unusual forms of immature sporulating C immitis in a fine-needle aspiration specimen. A 36-year-old Chinese woman, living in New Jersey for the past 10 years, presented with fever, night sweats, hemoptysis, and an abnormal chest radiograph approximately 9 months after a brief vacation trip to the Grand Canyon in Arizona. She was treated with antibiotics for 4 weeks without improvement. Subsequent chest computed tomography showed a 3-cm cavitary lesion in the right lower lobe of the lung. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy revealed diverse morphologic forms of a fungus that was confirmed by culture as immature sporulating C immitis.

  11. Comparison of needle aspiration and vacuum-assisted biopsy in the ultrasound-guided drainage of lactational breast abscesses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, Yun Dan; Kim, You Me [Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-03-15

    The purpose of this study was to compare needle aspiration and vacuum-assisted biopsy in the ultrasound-guided treatment of lactational breast abscesses. Between January 2005 and December 2014, a total of 74 patients presented with lactational breast abscesses. Thirty of these patients underwent treatment with antibioticsalone, while the remaining 44 lactating women with breast abscesses were treated with needle aspiration (n=25) or vacuum-assisted biopsy (n=19). Age, duration of lactation, abscess diameter, pus culture results, the number of interventions, the healing time, and the cure rate were reviewed and compared between these two groups. The Student's t test and the chi-square test were used to compare the variables. No significant difference was found in the cure rate between the needle aspiration group (22/25, 88%) and the vacuum-assisted biopsy group (18/19, 94.7%) (P=0.441). However, the mean healing time was significantly shorter in the vacuum-assisted biopsy group (6.7 days) than in the needle aspiration group (9.0 days) (P=0.001). Vacuum-assisted biopsy is a viable option for the management of lactational breast abscesses and was found to lead to a shorter healing time than needle aspiration. However, further study is necessary to establish the clinical efficacy of vacuum-assisted biopsy in the management of lactational breast abscesses.

  12. Risk of malignancy in fine-needle aspiration biopsy in patients with thyroid nodules

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Egset, Alice Viktoria; Holm, Camilla; Larsen, Stine Rosenkilde

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is the cornerstone of thyroid nodule evaluation. In most cases, FNAB can discriminate between benign and malignant disease. In other cases, it is only indicative of malignancy and the results are considered “suspicious”. In Denmark, thyroid FNAB...... the normal range and vocal cord palsy may be patient-related predictors of malignancy. Conclusion: Awaiting the introduction of reliable tools for preoperative evaluation, the current practice with histological clarification of the “suspicious” thyroid FNAB seems justified....

  13. Pericardiocentesis and pancreatic aspiration needle biopsy in coagulopathic and thrombocytopenic cirrhotic patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mindikoglu, Ayse L; Anantharaju, Abhinandana; Villanueva, Jaime; Shah, Nikunj; Van Thiel, David H

    2003-03-01

    We report on the case of a 40-year-old patient with coagulopathic alcoholic cirrhosis who underwent ultrasound-directed pericardiocentesis and fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the pancreas after receiving recombinant human factor VIIa (rhFVIIa). The infusion of rhFVIIa rapidly corrected her coagulopathy and made it possible to perform both procedures. The marked changes produced in the prothrombin time and international normalized ratio as a result of the infusion of rhFVIIa are presented. As a result of these changes in coagulation status, both procedures were performed safely, and the patient's clinical management and subsequent care plan were defined.

  14. Sentinel lymph node biopsy in patients with a needle core biopsy diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ: is it justified?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, B; Al-Mudhaffer, M; Kennedy, M M; O'Doherty, A; Flanagan, F; McDermott, E W; Kerin, M J; Hill, A D; Quinn, C M

    2009-06-01

    The incidence of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) has increased markedly with the introduction of population-based mammographic screening. DCIS is usually diagnosed non-operatively. Although sentinel lymph node biopsy (SNB) has become the standard of care for patients with invasive breast carcinoma, its use in patients with DCIS is controversial. To examine the justification for offering SNB at the time of primary surgery to patients with a needle core biopsy (NCB) diagnosis of DCIS. A retrospective analysis was performed of 145 patients with an NCB diagnosis of DCIS who had SNB performed at the time of primary surgery. The study focused on rates of SNB positivity and underestimation of invasive carcinoma by NCB, and sought to identify factors that might predict the presence of invasive carcinoma in the excision specimen. 7/145 patients (4.8%) had a positive sentinel lymph node, four macrometastases and three micrometastases. 6/7 patients had invasive carcinoma in the final excision specimen. 55/145 patients (37.9%) with an NCB diagnosis of DCIS had invasive carcinoma in the excision specimen. The median invasive tumour size was 6 mm. A radiological mass and areas of invasion NCB were predictive of invasive carcinoma in the excision specimen. SNB positivity in pure DCIS is rare. In view of the high rate of underestimation of invasive carcinoma in patients with an NCB diagnosis of DCIS in this study, SNB appears justified in this group of patients.

  15. CT-guided radiofrequency ablation in osteoid osteoma: Result from a tertiary cancer centre in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suyash S Kulkarni

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims: The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical efficacy of computed tomography (CT-guided radiofrequency (RF ablation as a minimally invasive therapy for osteoid osteoma. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of prospectively maintained data of 43 symptomatic osteoid osteoma patients who were treated by radiofrequency ablation (RFA. Forty out of 43 patients were naive cases and underwent primary treatment for osteoid osteoma with RFA, whereas 3 patients included in the study underwent RFA for local recurrence after having undergone surgical treatment. Diagnosis was based on clinical and characteristic imaging findings, and biopsy was done for cases with atypical presentation. Pre and post procedure Visual Analog Score (VAS was documented in all cases. Monopolar RFA system was used in all patients, and the electrode was placed within the lesion nidus under CT guidance coaxially through 11G introducer needle. Ablation was performed at 90° C for 5 min. Results: Technical success rate of intranidal placement of electrode was 100%. The primary clinical success in our study was 97.7% (42 of 43, and the secondary clinical success was 100%.Pre and postprocedure VAS score in our study group was 7.8 and 0.4, respectively. Mean follow-up period in our study was 48 months (Range: 4–129 months.One patient had recurrence of pain 4 years after treatment and was treated successfully by a second session. Minor complications were seen in 3 patients with two cases of RF pad burns and one case of skin burn at the treatment site, and these were managed conservatively. No patients developed temporary/permanent neurological deficits, and no procedure-related mortality was seen in our study. Conclusion: CT-guided percutaneous RFA is a simple, safe, minimally invasive, and highly effective treatment option for osteoid osteoma with good long-term pain control and potentially low disease recurrence.

  16. Correlation of power Doppler with microvessel density in assessing prostate needle biopsy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wilson, N.M. E-mail: osamanagwa@hotmail.com; Masoud, A.M.; Barsoum, H.B.; Refaat, M.M.; Moustafa, M.I.; Kamal, T.A

    2004-10-01

    AIM: To correlate hypervascular power Doppler ultrasonography with the histological evaluation of microvasculature in the prostate using trans-rectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided needle biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-six patients with a lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and prostate specific antigen (PSA) value more than 4 ng/ml were evaluated using power Doppler ultrasonography before biopsy. The vascularity of the peripheral zone was graded on a scale of PZ0 to PZ2. Core needle biopsies were immunostained with CD31(DAKO) and counting was performed manually on separate high power fields (HPF;x400) in areas containing the highest number of vessels. RESULTS: There was a significant correlation between the grading system used for power Doppler and the microvessel density (MVD; PZ0 28.61{+-}8.97,PZ1 36.00{+-}12.11 and PZ2 64.008{+-}15.86; p<0.001). There was also a significant difference in MVD between benign, malignant and tissue cores with atypia and prostatic intra-epithelial neoplasia (PIN; p<0.001 and p<0.018, respectively). There was a significant correlation between malignant tissue having a higher Gleason score and increased MVD (p<0.001). Furthermore, cancer biopsies having a high flow PZ2 are nearly twice as likely (63.2%) to have a Gleason score of 7 or more when compared those having a Gleason score of less than 7 (36.8%). CONCLUSION: The grading system of assessing the power Doppler flow signals appears to be of value as an indicator of MVD. It also correlates with a higher Gleason score and this may reflect the clinical outcome in prostate cancer. It deserves further study and evaluation as a prognostic indicator.

  17. CT-guided conformal cryoablation for peripheral NSCLC: Initial experience

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Xiao, E-mail: Zhangxiao1732@sina.com.cn [Department of Radiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853 (China); Tian, Jinlin, E-mail: tjl1878@163.com [Department of Radiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853 (China); Zhao, Lei, E-mail: leizhao@bwh.harvard.edu [Symbow Medical Technology Co., Ltd., Beijing 100176 (China); Wu, Bin, E-mail: mikewubin@163.com [Department of Radiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853 (China); Kacher, Daniel S., E-mail: kacher@bwh.harvard.edu [Department of Radiology, Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Boston, MA 02015 (United States); Ma, Xuyang, E-mail: maxuyangmaxuyang@126.com [Department of Radiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853 (China); Liu, Shurong, E-mail: lsr1985@sina.cn [Department of Radiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853 (China); Ren, Chao, E-mail: renchao301@163.com [Department of Radiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853 (China); Xiao, Yue-Yong, E-mail: xiaoyueyong@vip.sina.com [Department of Radiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853 (China)

    2012-11-15

    Purpose: To study the feasibility of CT-guided and monitored percutaneous conformal cryoablation of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer for patients who are not suitable for surgical resection. Materials and method: CT-guided percutaneous conformal cryoablation was performed on 46 patients with peripheral Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer. Patients with tumor sizes less than 3 cm in diameter were treated with double-needle clamping cryoablation, while the patients with 3-5 cm tumor sizes were treated with multiple-needle conformal cryoablation. CT was used to monitor the extent of cryoablation during the procedures. At month 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 post-procedure, enhanced CT scans and/or PET-CT scans were performed to evaluate the impact of the therapy. Results: The average tumor CT values were 32 {+-} 10 HU and -21 {+-} 8 HU before and after cryoablation, respectively. The largest diameters of the lesions at month 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 post-procedure were 2.63 {+-} 0.56 cm, 1.93 {+-} 0.51 cm, 1.55 {+-} 0.39 cm, 1.43 {+-} 0.40 cm, and 1.38 {+-} 0.38 cm, respectively, in patients with tumor diameter less than 3 cm, and 3.63 {+-} 0.39 cm, 2.98 {+-} 0.31 cm, 2.62 {+-} 0.32 cm, 2.54 {+-} 0.34 cm, and 2.56 {+-} 0.37 cm respectively in patients with the tumor diameters between 3 and 5 cm. At the 24th month, there were 36 cases of complete response (83.7%), 7 cases of partial response (16.3%), and no cases of stable disease or progressive disease. 3 patients died due to multiple metastases. Conclusion: CT-guided percutaneous conformal cryoablation is a safe, effective, and minimally invasive therapeutic method for peripheral lung cancer.

  18. Front-end genomics: using an alternative approach for the recovery of high-quality DNA from core needle biopsies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mojica, Wilfrido D; Hou, Tieying; Sykes, Don; Dey-Rao, Rama

    2017-06-01

    Determine whether a simple prewash step will provide adequate amounts of high-quality DNA from core needle biopsies for molecular sequencing studies. The quantitative and qualitative metrics of DNA recovered from core needle biopsies processed either by 1) formalin fixation and paraffin embedding (FFPE), 2) cells recovered after the core needle biopsy was washed, and 3) frozen sections of the core needle biopsy tissue were evaluated and compared to one another. Fairly equivalent amounts of DNA can be obtained from cells recovered from a prewash step relative to the FFPE and frozen section samples. The number of amplifiable DNA in the wash sample was greater than that from the FFPE samples. The average molecular size of DNA in the wash sample was greater than that of both the FFPE and frozen samples. Although more starting material in terms of the number of cells was present in both the FFPE and frozen section samples than the wash samples, equivalent to better results were obtained from the latter with regard to quality. This approach may be a means to better aliquot the diminutive amounts of tissue associated with core needle biopsies, allowing dissociated cells to be dedicated for molecular studies while keeping the tissue intact for morphological studies. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  19. Needle endomicroscope with a plastic, achromatic objective to perform optical biopsies of breast tissue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kyrish, Matthew; Dobbs, Jessica; Richards-Kortum, Rebecca; Tkaczyk, Tomasz

    2013-03-01

    In order to diagnose cancer in breast tissue, a sample must be removed, prepared, and examined under a microscope. To provide an alternative to conventional biopsies, an endomicroscope intended to perform optical biopsies is demonstrated. The system provides high resolution, high contrast images in real-time which could allow a diagnosis to be made during surgery without the need for tissue removal. Optical sectioning is achieved via structured illumination to reject out of focus light. An image is relayed between the sample plane and the imaging system by a coherent fiber bundle with an achromatized objective lens at the distal tip of the fiber bundle which is the diameter of a biopsy needle. The custom, plastic objective provides correction for both the excitation and emission wavelengths of proflavine (452 nm and 515 nm, respectively). It also magnifies the object onto the distal tip of the fiber bundle to increase lateral resolution. The lenses are composed of the optical plastics Zeonex E48R, PMMA, and polystyrene. The lenses are fabricated via single point diamond turning and assembled using a zero alignment technique. The lateral resolution and chromatic focal shift were measured and in vitro images of breast carcinoma cells stained with proflavine were captured. The optical biopsy system is able to achieve optical sectioning and to resolve smaller features than the current high resolution microendoscope.

  20. Accuracy of classification of invasive lobular carcinoma on needle core biopsy of the breast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naidoo, Kalnisha; Beardsley, Brooke; Carder, Pauline J; Deb, Rahul; Fish, David; Girling, Anne; Hales, Sally; Howe, Miles; Wastall, Laura M; Lane, Sally; Lee, Andrew H S; Philippidou, Marianna; Quinn, Cecily; Stephenson, Tim; Pinder, Sarah E

    2016-12-01

    Although the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines recommend that in patients with biopsy-proven invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC), preoperative MRI scan is considered, the accuracy of diagnosis of ILC in core biopsy of the breast has not been previously investigated. Eleven pathology laboratories from the UK and Ireland submitted data on 1112 cases interpreted as showing features of ILC, or mixed ILC and IDC/no special type (NST)/other tumour type, on needle core biopsy through retrieval of histology reports. Of the total 1112 cases, 844 were shown to be pure ILC on surgical excision, 154 were mixed ILC plus another type (invariably ductal/NST) and 113 were shown to be ductal/NST. Of those lesions categorised as pure ILC on core, 93% had an element of ILC correctly identified in the core biopsy sample and could be considered concordant. Of cores diagnosed as mixed ILC plus another type on core, complete agreement between core and excision was 46%, with 27% cases of pure ILC, whilst 26% non-concordant. These data indicate that there is not a large excess of expensive MRIs being performed as a result of miscategorisation histologically. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  1. Comparison of diagnostic quality of kidney biopsy obtained using 16g and 18g needles in patients with diffuse renal disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Komal Arora

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available To determine the diagnostic quality and complication rates of 16G and 18G needles in biopsy of the kidney, we performed renal biopsy using a biopsy gun under ultrasound guidance in 50 patients who were prospectively and evenly assigned to one of the two needle biopsy methods from April 2007 until May 2008. Two cores of renal biopsy specimen were obtained in each case and subjected to histopathological and immunoflourescence (IF examination. Pain associated with the procedure was assessed using a visual analog scale. The number of glomeruli retrieved using the 16G needle ranged from 0 to 30 (mean 9.42 ± 5.5 and those retrieved using 18G needle ranged from 0 to 19 (mean 7.72 ± 4.4, P <0.05. The quality of biopsy was poorer with 18G needle as compared with 16G needles because of a higher amount of fragmentation and crushing artifact. There was no difference in the compli-cation rates between the two needles (2% each. The 16G needle was associated with significantly more pain than the 18G needle. We conclude that our study demonstrates the benefit of the larger 16G needle in providing more tissue and glomeruli, which is more diagnostically useful. However, the use of 16G needle was associated with significantly more pain than the 18G needle, and may be a better compromise for diagnostic usefulness and patient acceptability.

  2. MRI-guided breast needle core biopsies: pathologic features of newly diagnosed malignancies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manion, Elizabeth; Brock, Jane E; Raza, Sughra; Reisenbichler, Emily S

    2014-01-01

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the breast is used for select groups of patients. MRI-guided breast core needle biopsies performed over a 3-year period were retrospectively reviewed to determine the incidence and types of cancers found and to correlate the cancers with the MRI findings and the indication for the study. Patients were stratified based on indication for MRI examination including, evaluation of disease extent in patients with current ipsilateral carcinoma, surveillance for recurrence of prior ipsilateral carcinoma, as a problem-solving method and for screening high-risk patients. The high-risk screening group included those with family history (with or without germline mutations), prior chest wall radiation, and contralateral breast carcinoma (current or prior). Four-hundred and forty-five biopsies were performed on 386 patients. The majority of biopsies (79%) were benign. Biopsies demonstrating ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and invasive carcinoma were more likely to present as nonmass-like and mass-forming enhancements respectively, but with only 52% specificity. The highest rate of malignancy (44%) was seen in the least frequently biopsied patient group (n = 25), those with prior ipsilateral carcinoma. Conversely, the most frequently biopsied group (n = 283), the high-risk screening group, demonstrated the lowest malignancy rate (16%). Within this group, most malignant cases were invasive carcinomas (n = 27), 67% of which were small (≤1 cm), well or moderately differentiated with a good prognostic receptor profile (estrogen receptor positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 negative), and lacked nodal macrometastases. The remaining malignant cases in the high-risk screening group were DCIS with or without microinvasion (n = 18), 78% of which demonstrated high nuclear grade. Overall, enhancement pattern did not correlate with the likelihood of or type of malignancy. The most common types of carcinomas identified by screening were

  3. Determination of Optimum Formalin Fixation Duration for Prostate Needle Biopsies for Immunohistochemistry and Quantum Dot FISH Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sathyanarayana, Ubaradka G; Birch, Chandler; Nagle, Raymond B; Tomlins, Scott A; Palanisamy, Nallasivam; Zhang, Wenjun; Hubbard, Antony; Brunhoeber, Patrick; Wang, Yixin; Tang, Lei

    2015-01-01

    Prostate biopsy is the key clinical specimen for disease diagnosis. However, various conditions used during biopsy processing for histologic analysis may affect the performance of diagnostic tests, such as hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, immunohistochemistry (IHC), or in situ hybridization (ISH). One such condition that may affect diagnostic test performance is fixation duration in 10% neutral buffered formalin (NBF). For example, prostate needle biopsies are often tissue fixation duration on diagnostic test performance to enable optimized assay procedures. This study was designed to study the effect of 10% NBF fixation duration of prostate needle biopsy on multiplexed quantum dot (QD) ISH assay of ERG and PTEN, 2 genes commonly altered in prostate cancer. The samples were also evaluated for H&E staining and ERG and PTEN IHC. H&E staining and ERG and PTEN IHC were acceptable for all the durations of fixation tested. For QD ISH, we observed good signals with biopsy samples fixed from 4 to 120 hours. Biopsy specimens fixed between 8 and 72 hours gave the best signal as scored by the study pathologist. In a separate cohort of 18 routinely processed prostate biopsy cores, all cores were stained successfully with the QD ISH assay, and results were 100% concordant to ERG and PTEN IHC. We conclude that 8 to 72 hours duration of fixation for prostate needle biopsies in 10% NBF results in optimal QD ISH assay performance.

  4. An HR-MAS MR metabolomics study on breast tissues obtained with core needle biopsy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MuLan Li

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Much research has been devoted to the development of new breast cancer diagnostic measures, including those involving high-resolution magic angle spinning (HR-MAS magnetic resonance (MR spectroscopic techniques. Previous HR-MAS MR results have been obtained from post-surgery samples, which limits their direct clinical applicability. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In the present study, we performed HR-MAS MR spectroscopic studies on 31 breast tissue samples (13 cancer and 18 non-cancer obtained by percutaneous core needle biopsy. We showed that cancer and non-cancer samples can be discriminated very well with Orthogonal Projections to Latent Structure-Discriminant Analysis (OPLS-DA multivariate model on the MR spectra. A subsequent blind test showed 69% sensitivity and 94% specificity in the prediction of the cancer status. A spectral analysis showed that in cancer cells, taurine- and choline-containing compounds are elevated. Our approach, additionally, could predict the progesterone receptor statuses of the cancer patients. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: HR-MAS MR metabolomics on intact breast tissues obtained by core needle biopsy may have a potential to be used as a complement to the current diagnostic and prognostic measures for breast cancers.

  5. Comparison of the Analgesic Efficacy of Lidocaine/Prilocaine (EMLA Cream and Needle-Free Delivery of Lidocaine During Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy of Thyroid Nodules

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alptekin Gürsoy

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Efficacy of eutectic mixture of local anesthetic (EMLA cream and the needle-free injection of local anesthesia for reducing pain associated with fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB of thyroid nodules has been previously reported. However, there has not been a direct comparison of the analgesic efficacy of these methods. The aim of this study was to compare the analgesic efficacy of EMLA cream and needle-free injection of lidocaine for FNAB-associated pain. Materials and Methods: A total of 138 patients having their first ultrasonography-guided thyroid nodule biopsy were randomly assigned to receive either EMLA cream (n=68 or needle-free injection of lidocaine (n=70 before FNAB of thyroid nodules. Four needle passes for biopsy of each nodule were performed. Patients rated pain associated with the procedure according to a 100-mm visual analog scale (VAS, an 11-point numeric rating scale (NRS, and 4-category verbal rating scale (VRS. Results: There were no significant differences between groups in age, sex, thyroid volume, nodule size, or nodule site. Significant differences between groups were noted in ratings of all three pain scales. When the effectiveness of EMLA was compared with that of needle-free injection of lidocaine, the mean VAS score was 23.4±20.5 mm versus 12.7±15.5 mm (p=0.001, and the mean NRS score was 2.8±2.1 points versus 1.6±1.7 points (p<0.001. There was also a significant difference between groups in VRS score (p=0.001. Conclusions: Needle-free injection of lidocaine provides more effective and faster analgesia than EMLA cream application during the FNAB. Turk Jem 2009; 13: 5-7

  6. Computed tomography-guided percutaneous biopsy of bone lesions: rate of diagnostic success and complications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maciel, Macello Jose Sampaio; Tyng, Chiang Jeng; Barbosa, Paula Nicole Vieira Pinto; Bitencourt, Almir Galvao Vieira; Matushita Junior, Joao Paulo Kawaoka; Zurstrassen, Charles Edouard; Chung, Wu Tu; Chojniak, Rubens, E-mail: macellomaciel@me.com [A.C.Camargo Cancer Center, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2014-09-15

    Objective: To determine the rates of diagnostic success and complications of computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous biopsy of bone lesions suspected for malignancy. Materials and Methods: Retrospective study including 186 cases of CT-guided percutaneous biopsies of bone lesions in the period from January, 2010 to December, 2012. All the specimens were obtained with 8-10 gauge needles. The following data were collected: demographics, previous history of malignancy, data related to the lesion, to the procedure, and to histological results. Results: Most patients were women (57%), and the mean age was 53.0 ± 16.4 years. In 139 cases (74.6%), there was diagnostic suspicion of metastasis and the most common primary tumors were breast (32.1%) and prostate (11.8%). The bones most commonly involved were spine (36.0%), hip (32.8%) and long bones (18.3%). Complications occurred in only three cases (1.6%) including bone fracture, paraesthesia with functional impairment, and needle breakage requiring surgical removal. The specimens collected from 183 lesions (98.4%) were considered appropriate for diagnosis. Malignant results were more frequently found in patients who had a suspected secondary lesion and history of known malignancy (p < 0.001), and in patients who underwent PET/CT-guided procedures (p = 0.011). Conclusion: CT-guided percutaneous biopsy is a safe and effective procedure for the diagnosis of suspicious bone lesions. (author)

  7. Usefulness of endoscopic ultrasound-guided sampling using core biopsy needle as a percutaneous biopsy rescue for diagnosis of solid liver mass: Combined histological-cytological analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Yun Nah; Moon, Jong Ho; Kim, Hee Kyung; Choi, Hyun Jong; Choi, Moon Han; Kim, Dong Choon; Lee, Tae Hee; Lee, Tae Hoon; Cha, Sang-Woo; Kim, Sang Gyune; Kim, Young Seok

    2015-07-01

    Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is one of the alternative methods for tissue sampling of liver solid mass. However, the diagnostic efficacy using cytology alone was limited. In this study, we evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of EUS-guided fine needle biopsy (EUS-FNB) as a percutaneous biopsy rescue for liver solid mass. The EUS-FNB using core biopsy needle for liver solid mass was performed prospectively for patients who were failure to acquire a tissue or achieve a diagnosis using percutaneous liver biopsy. The primary outcome was the diagnostic accuracy of EUS-FNB for malignancy and specific tumor type. The secondary outcomes were the median numbers of passes required to establish a diagnosis, the proportions of patients in whom immunohistochemical (IHC) stain was possible and obtained adequate specimen, and safety of EUS-FNB. Twenty-one patients (12 women; mean age, 63 years [range, 37-81]) underwent EUS-FNB for solid liver masses. The median number of needle passes was 2.0 (range, 1-5). On-site cytology and cytology with Papanicolaou stain showed malignancy in 16 patients (76.2%) and 17 patients (81.0%), respectively. In histology with HE stain, 19 patients (90.5%) were diagnosed malignancy and optimal to IHC stain. The overall diagnostic accuracy for malignancy and specific tumor type were 90.5% and 85.7%, respectively. No complications were seen. EUS-FNB with core biopsy needle for solid liver mass may be helpful in the management of patients who are unable to diagnose using percutaneous liver biopsy. © 2015 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Foundation and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  8. Percutaneous computed tomography-guided aspiration and biopsy of intrathoracic lesions: Results of 265 procedures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zafar Neyaz

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: Percutaneous computed tomography (CT-guided needle aspiration and biopsy technique have developed over time as a method for obtaining tissue specimen. Although this is a minimally invasive procedure, complications do occasionally occur. Aims: The aim of the study was to evaluate the diagnostic yield and complications of 265 percutaneous CT-guided aspiration and biopsy procedures performed on various intrathoracic lesions. Settings and Design: Data of percutaneous CT-guided aspiration and biopsy procedures of intrathoracic lesions performed over a 4 year period were retrospectively analyzed. Subjects and Methods: Procedure details, radiological images, and pathological and microbiological reports were retrieved from radiology records and hospital information system. Technical success, diagnostic yield, and complication rates were calculated. Results: Total 265 procedures were performed for lung (n = 179, mediastinum (n = 73, and pleural lesions (n = 13. Diagnostic yield for lung, mediastinal, and pleural lesions was 80.7%, 74.2, and 75%, respectively, for core biopsy specimens. Major complication was noted in only one procedure (0.4%. Minor complications were noted in 13.6% procedures which could be managed conservatively. Conclusions: Percutaneous CT-guided aspiration and biopsy procedures for intrathoracic lesions are reasonably safe with good diagnostic yield. Complications are infrequent and conservatively managed in most of the cases.

  9. Biopsy needle advancement during bone marrow aspiration increases mesenchymal stem cell concentration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne E Peters

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Point-of-care kits to concentrate bone marrow (BM derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs are used clinically in horses. A maximal number of MSCs per ml of marrow aspirated might be desired prior to use of a point-of-care system to concentrate MSCs. Our objective was to test a method to increase the number of MSCs per ml of marrow collected. We collected 2 BM aspirates using 2 different collection techniques from 12 horses. The first collection technique was to aspirate BM from a single site without advancement of the biopsy needle. The second collection technique was to aspirate marrow from multiple sites within the same sternal puncture by advancing the needle 5 mm 3 times for BM aspiration from 4 sites. Numbers of MSCs in collected BM were assessed by total nucleated cell count (TNCC of BM after aspiration, total Colony-Forming-Unit-fibroblast (CFU-F assay, and total MSC number at each culture passage. The BM aspiration technique of 4 needle advancements during BM aspiration resulted in higher initial nucleated cell counts, more CFU-Fs, and more MSCs at the first passage. There were no differences in the number of MSCs at later passages. Multiple advancements of the BM needle during BM aspiration resulted in increased MSC concentration at the time of BM collection. If a point-of-care kit is used to concentrate MSCs, multiple advancements may result in higher MSC numbers in the BM concentrate after preparation by the point-of-care kit. For culture expanded MSCs beyond the first cell passage, the difference is of questionable clinical relevance.

  10. Role of percutaneous needle core biopsy in diagnosis and clinical management of renal masses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Rong; Montemayor-Garcia, Celina; Das, Kasturi

    2015-04-01

    Percutaneous needle core biopsies are routinely performed for renal mass diagnosis in some institutions. Because of limited tissue availability, accurate diagnosis can be challenging, and the role of needle core biopsy (NCB) remains debatable in kidney tumor management. In the present study, we reported our experience in diagnosing renal masses via percutaneous NCB and the role it plays in clinical management of these masses. We studied 301 consecutive cases of percutaneous NCBs performed for 280 renal masses from 269 patients between year 2008 and 2011 by reviewing final pathology diagnosis, hematoxylin and eosin slides, and ancillary studies. Diagnostic accuracy was determined by comparing biopsy and nephrectomy diagnoses in a subset of renal masses. Clinical data including demographic information, clinical presentation, radiographic findings, and treatment information were reviewed subsequently if available. The size of renal masses in our study cohort ranged from 0.5 to 24 cm, and 78% of them were small renal masses. Definite diagnoses were rendered in 89% of the renal masses by NCBs, and 23% of them were benign. Renal mass NCB was 100% accurate in diagnosing primary renal malignancy and 93% accurate in determining histologic subtypes. Clinical management was analyzed for 180 renal masses. There was significant difference in clinical management between different diagnostic groups. We conclude that percutaneous NCB is a powerful tool not only for definite tissue diagnosis of renal masses before treatment but also plays an important role in guiding patient management and obtaining material for future molecular studies for targeted therapies. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Predictive factors for breast cancer in patients diagnosed atypical ductal hyperplasia at core needle biopsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee Ahwon

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Percutaneous core needle biopsy (CNB is considered to be the standard technique for histological diagnosis of breast lesions. But, it is less reliable for diagnosing atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH. The purpose of the present study was to predict, based on clinical and radiological findings, which cases of ADH diagnosed by CNB would be more likely to be associated with a more advanced lesion on subsequent surgical excision. Methods Between February 2002 and December 2007, consecutive ultrasound-guided CNBs were performed on suspicious breast lesions at Seoul St. Mary's Hospital. A total of 69 CNBs led to a diagnosis of ADH, and 45 patients underwent follow-up surgical excision. We reviewed the medical records and analyses retrospectively. Results Sixty-nine patients were diagnosed with ADH at CNB. Of these patients, 45 underwent surgical excision and 10 (22.2% were subsequently diagnosed with a malignancy (ductal carcinoma in situ, n = 8; invasive cancer, n = 2. Univariate analysis revealed age (≥ 50-years at the time of core needle biopsy (p = 0.006, size (> 10 mm on imaging (p = 0.033, and combined mass with microcalcification on sonography (p = 0.029 to be associated with underestimation. When those three factors were included in multivariate analysis, only age (p = 0.035, HR 6.201, 95% CI 1.135-33.891 was an independent predictor of malignancy. Conclusion Age (≥ 50 at the time of biopsy is an independent predictive factor for breast cancer at surgical excision in patients with diagnosed ADH at CNB. For patients diagnosed with ADH at CNB, only complete surgical excision is the suitable treatment option, because we could not find any combination of factors that can safely predict the absence of DCIS or invasive cancer in a case of ADH.

  12. Low frequency of cancer occurrence in same breast quadrant diagnosed with lobular neoplasia at percutaneous needle biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Provencher, Louise; Jacob, Simon; Côté, Gary; Hogue, Jean-Charles; Desbiens, Christine; Poirier, Brigitte; Raîche, Isabelle; Le Régent, Linda; Diorio, Caroline

    2012-04-01

    To determine the type of mammographic abnormality leading to needle biopsy of lobular neoplasia (LN) and define the clinical evolution of low-risk LN lesions diagnosed at needle biopsy but not surgically removed. This study was approved by the institutional review board, and the requirement to obtain informed consent was waived. Among 16 945 needle biopsies performed between April 1998 and August 2008, LN was determined to be the most suspicious lesion in 352 samples (2.1%) (pleomorphic and necrotic forms were excluded). Among 299 pure LN lesions that were not surgically removed, follow-up was available for 276 lesions in 275 women. Needle biopsy was performed because of mammographic calcifications in 215 of the 276 lesions (77.9%) and because of mammographic masses in 35 (12.7%). The mean follow-up was 5.0 years ± 2.4 (range, 0.6-12.2 years). All 275 women underwent one mammographic follow-up, 205 (74.5%) underwent a second mammographic follow-up, and 147 (53.5%) underwent a third mammographic follow-up. Cancer was diagnosed in 27 of the 275 cases (9.8%) after a mean of 3.9 years ± 2.6 (range, 1.2-10.8 years). Only three cancers (1.1%) occurred in the same breast quadrant as the one originally diagnosed with LN at needle biopsy. Lumpectomy of pure LN lesions may not prevent malignancy in most cases. Consequently, women with pure LN of a low-risk type diagnosed at needle biopsy are strongly encouraged to undergo a yearly breast clinical examination and yearly mammographic follow-up to detect an eventual cancer in its early stages. © RSNA, 2012.

  13. Liver biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biopsy - liver; Percutaneous biopsy ... the biopsy needle to be inserted into the liver. This is often done by using ultrasound. The ... the chance of damage to the lung or liver. The needle is removed quickly. Pressure will be ...

  14. Sentinel lymph node biopsy in patients with a needle core biopsy diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ: is it justified?

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Doyle, B

    2012-02-01

    BACKGROUND: The incidence of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) has increased markedly with the introduction of population-based mammographic screening. DCIS is usually diagnosed non-operatively. Although sentinel lymph node biopsy (SNB) has become the standard of care for patients with invasive breast carcinoma, its use in patients with DCIS is controversial. AIM: To examine the justification for offering SNB at the time of primary surgery to patients with a needle core biopsy (NCB) diagnosis of DCIS. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of 145 patients with an NCB diagnosis of DCIS who had SNB performed at the time of primary surgery. The study focused on rates of SNB positivity and underestimation of invasive carcinoma by NCB, and sought to identify factors that might predict the presence of invasive carcinoma in the excision specimen. RESULTS: 7\\/145 patients (4.8%) had a positive sentinel lymph node, four macrometastases and three micrometastases. 6\\/7 patients had invasive carcinoma in the final excision specimen. 55\\/145 patients (37.9%) with an NCB diagnosis of DCIS had invasive carcinoma in the excision specimen. The median invasive tumour size was 6 mm. A radiological mass and areas of invasion <1 mm, amounting to "at least microinvasion" on NCB were predictive of invasive carcinoma in the excision specimen. CONCLUSIONS: SNB positivity in pure DCIS is rare. In view of the high rate of underestimation of invasive carcinoma in patients with an NCB diagnosis of DCIS in this study, SNB appears justified in this group of patients.

  15. Combined ultrasound-guided cutting-needle biopsy and standard pleural biopsy for diagnosis of malignant pleural effusions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jinlin; Zhou, Xinghua; Xie, Xiaohong; Tang, Qing; Shen, Panxiao; Zeng, Yunxiang

    2016-11-17

    The most efficient approach to diagnose malignant pleural effusions (MPEs) is still controversial and uncertain. This study aimed to evaluate the utility of a combined approach using ultrasound (US)-guided cutting-needle biopsy (CNB) and standard pleural biopsy (SPB) for diagnosing MPE. Pleural effusions were collected from 172 patients for biochemical and microbiological analyses. US-guided CNB and SPB were performed in the same operation sequentially to obtain specimens for histological analysis. US-guided CNB and SPB procedures provided adequate material for histological analysis in 90.7 and 93.0% of cases, respectively, while a combination of the 2 techniques was in 96.5% of cases. The sensitivity, specificity, positive-predictive value (PPV), negative-predictive value (NPV) and diagnostic accuracy of US-guided CNB versus SPB were: 51.2 vs 63.4%, 100 vs 100%, 100 vs 100%, 64.9 vs 72.2% and 74.4 vs 81.3%, respectively. When CNB was combined with SPB, the corresponding values were 88.6, 100, 100, 88.6 and 93.9%, respectively. Whereas sensitivity, NPV and diagnostic accuracy were not significantly different between CNB and SPB, the combination of CNB and SPB significantly improved the sensitivity, NPV and diagnostic accuracy versus each technique alone (p < 0.05). Significant pain (eight patients), moderate haemoptysis (two patients) and chest wall haematomas (two patients) were observed following CNB, while syncope (four patients) and a slight pneumothorax (four patients) were observed following SPB. Use of a combination of US-guided CNB and SPB afforded a high sensitivity to diagnose MPEs, it is a convenient and safe approach.

  16. Computed tomography-guided percutaneous biopsy for vertebral neoplasms: a department's experience and hybrid biopsy technique to improve yield.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garg, Vasant; Kosmas, Christos; Josan, Enambir S; Partovi, Sasan; Bhojwani, Nicholas; Fergus, Nathan; Young, Peter C; Robbin, Mark R

    2016-08-01

    OBJECTIVE Recent articles have identified the poor diagnostic yield of percutaneous needle biopsy for vertebral osteomyelitis. The current study aimed to confirm the higher accuracy of CT-guided spinal biopsy for vertebral neoplasms and to identify which biopsy technique provides the highest yield. METHODS Over a 9-year period, the radiology department at University Hospitals Case Medical Center performed 222 CT-guided biopsies of vertebral lesions, of which clinicians indicated a concern for vertebral neoplasms in 122 patients. A retrospective chart review was performed to confirm the higher sensitivity of the percutaneous intervention for vertebral neoplasms. RESULTS A core sample was obtained for all 122 biopsies of concern (100.0%). Only 6 cases (4.9%) were reported as nondiagnostic per histological sampling, and 12 cases (9.8%) were negative for disease. The question of vertebral neoplastic involvement warrants follow-up, and the current study was able to determine the subsequent diagnosis of each lesion. Of the 122 total, 94 (77.0%) core samples provided true-positive results, and the sensitivity of core biopsy measured 87.9%. The technical approach did not demonstrate any significant difference in diagnostic yield. However, when the vertebral cortex was initially pierced with a coaxial bone biopsy system and subsequently a 14-gauge spring-loaded cutting biopsy needle was coaxially advanced into lytic lesions, 14 true positives were obtained with a corresponding sensitivity of 100.0%. CONCLUSIONS This study confirms the higher sensitivity of image-guided percutaneous needle biopsy for vertebral neoplasms. In addition, it demonstrates how the use of a novel cutting needle biopsy approach, performed coaxially through a core biopsy track, provides the highest yield.

  17. Bone Biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Physician Resources Professions Site Index A-Z Bone Biopsy Bone biopsy uses a needle and imaging guidance ... limitations of Bone Biopsy? What is a Bone Biopsy? A bone biopsy is an image-guided procedure ...

  18. The radiologic work-up in thyroid surgery: fine-needle biopsy versus scintigraphy and ultrasound.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kountakis, Stilianos E; Skoulas, Ioannis G; Maillard, A A J

    2002-03-01

    To compare the effectiveness and predictive value of radiologic studies with fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) in correctly diagnosing thyroid lesions, we reviewed the medical records of 441 patients who had been treated surgically for thyroid disease from 1987 through 1999. We compared the results of thyroid scintigraphy, ultrasound, and FNAB with findings on final surgical pathology. The data were analyzed according to the chi-squared (chi 2) test. Of 189 thyroid scintigraphy scans that showed a hypofunctional (cold) nodule, 52 (27.5%) were found to be cancerous, and of 35 hyperfunctional (hot) nodules, two (5.7%) were malignant (sensitivity = 91%; specificity = 19%; accuracy = 38%; chi 2 = 7.67; p = 0.006). Of 66 ultrasounds that detected a solid or a mixed solid-cystic mass, 16(24.2%) were cancerous, while none of the eight sonograms that showed a purely cystic lesion was malignant (sensitivity = 100%; specificity = 14%; accuracy = 32%; chi 2 = 2.47; p = 0.116 [not statistically significant]). Of the 119 patients whose FNABs were diagnostic, 55 biopsies revealed follicular cells. Of the remaining 64 biopsies, cancer was correctly predicted in 35 of 44 patients (79.5%) and benign disease was correctly diagnosed in 18 of 20 patients (90.0%) (sensitivity = 95%; specificity = 67%; accuracy = 83%; chi 2 = 27.3; p = 0.00). We conclude that in the evaluation of thyroid lesions, FNAB is superior to imaging studies, which yield a relatively high rate of false-positive results.

  19. Role of fluoroscopic guided fine needle aspiration biopsy in spinal pathologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chauhan Vijendra

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The presence of vertebral lesion, whether symptomatic or not presents a diagnostic challenge. Open biopsy of spine is associated with considerable clinical morbidity. Hence it was decided to evaluate the efficacy of fluoroscopic guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (FGFNAB in providing a definitive diagnosis in pathologies of the spine and to determine the degree of co-relation between the histopathological diagnosis and the presumptive clinicoradiological diagnosis. Methods: A prospective study of 103 patients in whom a presumptive diagnosis was made by available imaging techniques (including magnetic resonance imaging was undertaken. All patients underwent histopathological /cytological examination for confirmation of the presumptive diagnosis, using material obtained through FGFNAB. Results: A definitive diagnosis was established, through FGFNAB, in 76 (73.8% patients. Non concordant diagnosis was seen in 13(12% of patients. In 27 (26.2% patients the results of FGFNAB were inconclusive. Conclusion: FGFNAB is a minimally invasive, technically easy, quick and cost-effective procedure. It can be done on an outpatient basis, under local anaesthesia and often eliminates the need for an open biopsy. FGFNAB can clinch the diagnosis early and helps institute definitive therapy. Hence we strongly recommend FGFNAB as a basic investigation in all pathological lesions of the spine.

  20. Management of in situ lobular neoplasia detected on needle core biopsy of breast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purdie, Colin A; McLean, Denis; Stormonth, Elizabeth; Macaskill, E Jane; McCullough, Jean B; Edwards, Sharon L; Brown, Douglas C; Jordan, Lee B

    2010-11-01

    To evaluate the risk of having occult ductal carcinoma in situ or invasive carcinoma in the region of a focus of lobular (in situ) neoplasia (LN) diagnosed on needle core biopsy (NCB) of breast. All cases of LN diagnosed on NCB of breast over 10 years (2000-2009 inclusive) were reviewed. The clinical presentation, radiological appearances and final pathological diagnosis on open diagnostic biopsy (ODB) were correlated. 125 cases of LN on NCB were identified from diagnostic codes. Of these, 72 (58%) had a coexistent, higher-grade lesion that mandated surgery. Fifty of the remaining 53 (94%) underwent ODB. The majority of patients were asymptomatic, with 68% presenting through the breast screening programme, and in 89% of patients, the target abnormality was microcalcification. Of the 50 patients, 13 (26%) had a final diagnosis of in situ or invasive carcinoma requiring therapeutic surgery. When the cases of pleomorphic LN were excluded, 21% (10/47) were upgraded. Two of these 10 cases had discordant radiology which could have been diagnosed on repeat NCB leaving an upgrade rate of 18% (8/45). In four of the eight cases of invasive malignancy, the disease was multifocal. LN is frequently asymptomatic, being identified by mammographic microcalcification alone. In 21% of classical LN cases, it is associated with an undiagnosed, higher-grade lesion requiring oncological management. In our view, patients with LN discovered on NCB should undergo open diagnostic biopsy.

  1. Diagnostic Ability of Percutaneous Needle Biopsy Immediately After Radiofrequency Ablation for Malignant Lung Tumors: An Initial Experience

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hasegawa, Takaaki, E-mail: t-hasegawa@aichi-cc.jp [Aichi Cancer Center Hospital, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Japan); Kondo, Chiaki [Aichi Cancer Center Hospital, Department of Pathology and Molecular Diagnosis (Japan); Sato, Yozo; Inaba, Yoshitaka; Yamaura, Hidekazu; Kato, Mina; Murata, Shinichi; Onoda, Yui [Aichi Cancer Center Hospital, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Japan); Kuroda, Hiroaki; Sakao, Yukinori [Aichi Cancer Center Hospital, Department of Thoracic Surgery (Japan); Yatabe, Yasushi [Aichi Cancer Center Hospital, Department of Pathology and Molecular Diagnosis (Japan)

    2016-08-15

    PurposeTo evaluate the safety and diagnostic ability of percutaneous needle biopsy performed immediately after lung radiofrequency ablation (RFA).Materials and MethodsFrom May 2013 to April 2014, percutaneous needle biopsy was performed immediately after RFA for 3 patients (2 men and 1 woman, aged 57–76 years) who had lung tumors measuring 1.3–2.6 cm in diameter. All patients had prior history of malignancy, and all tumors were radiologically diagnosed as malignant. Obtained specimens were pathologically classified using standard hematoxylin and eosin staining.ResultsWe completed three planned sessions of RFA followed by percutaneous needle biopsy, all of which obtained tumor tissue that could be pathologically diagnosed. Two tumors were metastatic from renal clear cell carcinoma and rectal adenocarcinoma, respectively; one tumor was primary lung adenocarcinoma. There was no death or major complication related to the procedures. Although pneumothorax occurred in two patients, these resolved without the need for aspiration or chest tube placement. Tumor seeding was not observed, but 21 months after the procedure, one case developed local tumor progression that was treated by additional RFA.ConclusionPathologic diagnosis was possible by needle biopsy immediately after RFA for lung tumors. This technique may reduce the risks and efforts of performing biopsy and RFA on separate occasions.

  2. Interobserver agreement of gleason score and modified gleason score in needle biopsy and in surgical specimen of prostate cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio G. Veloso

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Gleason score, which has a high interobserver variability, is used to classify prostate cancer. The most recent consensus valued the tertiary Gleason pattern and recommended its use in the final score of needle biopsies (modified Gleason score. This pattern is considered to be of high prognostic value in surgical specimens. This study emphasized the evaluation of the modified score agreement in needle biopsies and in surgical specimen, as well as the interobserver variability of this score MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three pathologists evaluated the slides of needle biopsies and surgical specimens of 110 patients, reporting primary, secondary and tertiary Gleason patterns and after that, traditional and modified Gleason scores were calculated. Kappa test (K assessed the interobserver agreement and the agreement between the traditional and modified scores of the biopsy and of the surgical specimen RESULTS: Interobserver agreement in the biopsy was K = 0.36 and K = 0.35, and in the surgical specimen it was K = 0.46 and K = 0.36, for the traditional and modified scores, respectively. The tertiary Gleason grade was found in 8%, 0% and 2% of the biopsies and in 8%, 0% and 13% of the surgical specimens, according to observers 1, 2 and 3, respectively. When evaluating the agreement of the traditional and modified Gleason scores in needle biopsy with both scores of the surgical specimen, a similar agreement was found through Kappa CONCLUSION: Contrary to what was expected, the modified Gleason score was not superior in the agreement between the biopsy score and the specimen, or in interobserver reproducibility, in this study.

  3. Uncommon primary tumors of the orbit diagnosed by computed tomography-guided core needle biopsy: report of two cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tyng, Chiang Jeng; Matushita Junior, Joao Paulo Kawaoka; Bitencourt, Almir Galvao Vieira; Amoedo, Mauricio Kauark; Barbosa, Paula Nicole Vieira; Chojniak, Rubens, E-mail: almirgvb@yahoo.com.br [A.C.Camargo Cancer Center, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Dept. de Imagem; Neves, Flavia Branco Cerqueira Serra [Hospital do Servidor Publico Estadual, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Div. de Oftalmologia

    2014-11-15

    Computed tomography-guided percutaneous biopsy is a safe and effective alternative method for evaluating selected intra-orbital lesions where the preoperative diagnosis is important for the therapeutic planning. The authors describe two cases of patients with uncommon primary orbital tumors whose diagnosis was obtained by means of computed tomography-guided core needle biopsy, with emphasis on the technical aspects of the procedure. (author)

  4. Percutaneous image-guided needle biopsy of clavicle lesions: a retrospective study of diagnostic yield with description of safe biopsy routes in 55 cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pressney, I.; Saifuddin, A. [Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Department of Radiology, Middlesex (United Kingdom)

    2014-10-21

    To assess the diagnostic yield and diagnostic accuracy of image-guided percutaneous needle biopsy of clavicle lesions and to analyse the diagnostic spectrum of clavicular lesions referred to a tertiary musculoskeletal oncology centre. To further describe safe biopsy routes for biopsy of the unique clavicle bone. A retrospective review of all patients who underwent an image-guided clavicle biopsy during the period from August 2006 to December 2013. A total of 52 patients with 55 consecutive biopsies were identified and included in the study. Image-guided percutaneous biopsy was performed using CT (n = 38) or ultrasound (n = 17). There were 23 males and 29 females, with a mean age of 40 years (range 2 to 87 years). Forty-six of the 55 biopsies (83.6 %) yielded a diagnostic sample and 9 (16.4 %) were non-diagnostic. Thirty of 46 (65.2 %) lesions were malignant and 16 (34.8 %) were benign/non-neoplastic. The most common malignant lesions were metastases, 22 of 30 (73.3 %), followed by primary tumours in 8 of 30 (26.7 %). The most common benign/non-neoplastic lesion was chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (4 of 16, 25 %) followed by Langerhans cell histiocytosis, epithelioid haemangioma and osteomyelitis (each with 2 of 16, 12.5 %). There was complete agreement between the needle and surgical histology specimen in 12 of 13 subjects (92.3 %). No post-biopsy complications were reported. Image-guided percutaneous biopsy has high diagnostic yield and accuracy and the described approaches are a safe means of biopsy for clavicle lesions. (orig.)

  5. Intraductal Carcinoma of the Prostate on Diagnostic Needle Biopsy Predicts Prostate Cancer Mortality: A Population-Based Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saeter, Thorstein; Vlatkovic, Ljiljana; Waaler, Gudmund; Servoll, Einar; Nesland, Jahn M; Axcrona, Karol; Axcrona, Ulrika

    2017-06-01

    Intraductal carcinoma of the prostate (IDC-P) is a distinct histopathologic feature associated with high-grade, advanced prostate cancer. Although studies have shown that IDC-P is a predictor of progression following surgical or radiation treatment for prostate cancer, there are sparse data regarding IDC-P on diagnostic needle biopsy as a prognosticator of prostate cancer mortality. This was a population-based study of all prostate cancer patients diagnosed using needle biopsy and without evidence of systemic disease between 1991 and 1999 within a defined geographic region of Norway. Patients were identified by cross-referencing the Norwegian Cancer Registry. Of 318 eligible patients, 283 had biopsy specimens available for central pathology review. Clinical data were obtained from medical charts. We examined whether IDC-P on diagnostic needle biopsy was associated with adverse clinicopathological features and prostate cancer mortality. Patients with IDC-P on diagnostic needle biopsy had a more advanced stage and a higher Gleason score compared to patients without IDC-P. IDC-P was also associated with an intensively reactive stroma. The 10-year prostate cancer-specific survival was 69% for patients with IDC-P on diagnostic needle biopsy and 89% for patients without IDC-P (Log rank P-value prostate cancer mortality after adjustments for clinical prognostic factors and treatment. After adjustment for the newly implemented Grade Group system of prostate cancer, IDC-P showed a strong tendency toward statistical significance. However, IDC-P did not remain a statistically significant predictor in the multivariable analysis. IDC-P on diagnostic needle biopsy is an indicator of prostate cancer with a high risk of mortality. Accordingly, a diagnosis of IDC-P on needle biopsy should be reported and considered a feature of high-risk prostate cancer. Moreover, the association between IDC-P and reactive stroma provides evidence in support of the idea that stromal factors

  6. Comparison of Histologic Core Portions Acquired from a Core Biopsy Needle and a Conventional Needle in Solid Mass Lesions: A Prospective Randomized Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ban Seok; Cho, Chang-Min; Jung, Min Kyu; Jang, Jung Sik; Bae, Han Ik

    2017-07-15

    The superiority of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle biopsy (EUS-FNB) over EUS-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) remains controversial. Given the lack of studies analyzing histologic specimens acquired from EUS-FNB or EUS-FNA, we compared the proportion of the histologic core obtained from both techniques. A total of 58 consecutive patients with solid mass lesions were enrolled and randomly assigned to the EUS-FNA or EUS-FNB groups. The opposite needle was used after the failure of core tissue acquisition using the initial needle with up to three passes. Using computerized analyses of the scanned histologic slide, the overall area and the area of the histologic core portion in specimens obtained by the two techniques were compared. No significant differences were identified between the two groups with respect to demographic and clinical characteristics. Fewer needle passes were required to obtain core specimens in the FNB group (pcore (11.8%±19.5% vs 8.0%±11.1%, p=0.376) or in the diagnostic accuracy (80.6% vs 81.5%, p=0.935) between two groups. The proportion of histologic core and the diagnostic accuracy were comparable between the FNB and FNA groups. However, fewer needle passes were required to establish an accurate diagnosis in EUS-FNB.

  7. Metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma of the breast, simulating gynecomastia: diagnosis by fine-needle aspiration biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nappi, O; Ferrara, G; Ianniello, G; Wick, M R

    1992-01-01

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) may uncommonly present with distant metastasis in the absence of a documented neoplasm in the liver. The authors herein describe the case of a 60-year-old man with cirrhosis who developed unilateral enlargement of the breast and a subareolar mass. This problem was clinically thought to represent gynecomastia, but a mammary fine-needle aspiration biopsy demonstrated a malignant epithelial neoplasm composed of large granular amphophilic cells. Bile pigment was visualized in the tumor on aspirate smears and cell block preparations; immunostains showed reactivity for cytokeratin and alpha-fetoprotein, but there was no positivity for epithelial membrane antigen, gross cystic disease fluid protein-15, vimentin, estrogen receptors, progesterone receptors, or S100 protein. These results indicated a diagnosis of metastatic HCC, which was subsequently confirmed by computed tomography of the abdomen.

  8. Comparative study between the use of image guided pleural biopsy using abram’s needle and medical thoracoscope in diagnosis of exudative pleural effusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Essam G. Hassanein

    2017-07-01

    Conclusion: If US guidance can be used for biopsies performed with an Abrams needle, the yield of this traditional method can be increased. The use of US-guided Abram’s needle pleural biopsy is simple, safe and well tolerated.

  9. Intraoperative fine needle aspirations - diagnosis and typing of lung cancer in small biopsies: challenges and limitations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biancosino, Christian; Krüger, Marcus; Vollmer, Ekkehard; Welker, Lutz

    2016-07-07

    Due to therapeutic implications with regard to both efficiency and safety of chemotherapy agents it is important to differentiate between subtypes of NSCLC. Up to today we experience a continuous reservation regarding the use of fine needle aspiration cytology. The aim of the present study is to estimate the value of cytologic criteria for lung cancer typing on small biopsies independent from all possible technique failures. Between January 1997 and December 2008 760 intraoperative FNAC- (fine needle aspiration cytology) specimens from 702 patients have been examined. Cytologic evaluation and immediate communication of results to the surgeons followed. Afterwards, intraoperative cytologic findings were compared with final histologic diagnoses of the resected specimens. Intraoperative cytologic analysis yielded a sensitivity of 94.8 %, a specificity of 98.8 %. An overall positive predictive value of 99.8 % with respect to final histologic analysis of primary lung cancer was achieved. The highest value could be reached for adenocarcinomas, followed by carcinoids and squamous cell carcinomas. Lung cancer typing according to cytologic criteria is feasible and accurate as well as comparable with results of histologic analysis on small specimens. Herewith, clinicians can come up to the increasing demands on minimally invasive harvested specimens with regard to therapeutic implications.

  10. Helical-Tip Needle for Transthoracic Percutaneous Image-Guided Biopsy of Lung Tumors: Results of a Pilot Prospective Comparative Study with a Standard Tru-Cut Needle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Veltri, Andrea, E-mail: andrea.veltri@unito.it; Busso, Marco; Sardo, Diego; Angelino, Valeria; Priola, Adriano M. [University of Torino, Department of Radiology, San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital (Italy); Novello, Silvia [University of Torino, Department of Oncology, San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital (Italy); Barba, Matteo [University of Torino, Department of Radiology, San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital (Italy); Gatti, Gaia; Righi, Luisella [University of Torino, Department of Pathology, San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital (Italy)

    2017-06-15

    PurposeTo prospectively evaluate feasibility and diagnostic performance of the 14-gauge helical-tip (Spirotome™, Cook{sup ®} Medical, Bloomington, USA) needle in transthoracic needle biopsy (TTNB) of lung lesions, compared to a conventional 18-gauge Tru-Cut needle.Materials and MethodsStudy was institutional review board approved, with informed consent obtained. Data from synchronous Spirotome and Tru-Cut image-guided TTNB of 20 consecutive patients with malignant peripheral lung tumors larger than 3 cm were enrolled for pathologic characterization and mutational analysis. Samples obtained with Spirotome and Tru-Cut needle were compared for fragmentation, length, weight, morphologic and immunohistochemistry typifying, tumor cellularity (TC) and DNA concentration.ResultsThe technical success rate for TTNB with Spirotome was 100%, and no major complications occurred. Less fragmentation (mean 2 vs. 3 fragments, P = .418), greater weight (mean 13 vs. 8.5 mg, P = .027) and lower length (mean 10.2 vs. 12.6 mm, P = .174) were observed with Spirotome compared to Tru-Cut needle. Accuracy of Spirotome and Tru-Cut needle in defining cancer histotype was similar (90%). Absolute and relative TC (mean 42 vs. 38, 124 vs. 108/10HPF), and DNA concentration (mean 49.6 vs. 39.0 ng/μl) were higher with Spirotome compared to Tru-Cut needle, with no statistical significance (P = .787 and P = .140, respectively).Conclusions Percutaneous 14-gauge Spirotome TTNB of selected lesions is feasible and accurate. It provides adequate samples for diagnosis, comparable to 18-gauge Tru-Cut needle, with a higher amount of tumor tissue (weight, TC, DNA concentration) even in shorter samples.

  11. Meta-analysis of the concordance of histological grade of breast cancer between core needle biopsy and surgical excision specimen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Knuttel, F. M.; Menezes, G. L G; Van Diest, P. J.; Witkamp, A. J.; Van Den Bosch, M. A A J; Verkooijen, H. M.

    2016-01-01

    Background With the increasing use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and minimally invasive ablative therapy in breast cancer, pretreatment assessment of tumour grade on core needle biopsy (CNB) is increasingly needed. However, grading on CNB is possibly less accurate than grading based on the surgical

  12. What is the added value of combined core biopsy and fine needle aspiration in the diagnostic process of renal tumours?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Barwari, K.; Kummerlin, I. P.; ten Kate, F. J.; Algaba, F.; Trias, I.; Wijkstra, H.; de la Rosette, J. J.; Laguna, P.

    2013-01-01

    Non-diagnostic results still hinder the routine use of core biopsy (CB) and fine needle aspiration (FNA) in the diagnostic process of renal tumours. Furthermore, substantial interobserver variability has been reported. We assessed the added value of combining the results of CB and FNA by five

  13. Second opinion in thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsy by the Bethesda system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Jae Hyun; Kim, Hyun Ki; Kang, Sang-Wook; Jeong, Jong Ju; Nam, Kee-Hyun; Chung, Woong-Youn; Park, Cheong Soo

    2012-01-01

    The present study was designed to determine the impact of secondary review of thyroid fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy on surgical management. A retrospective review of patients referred to our institution with a thyroid FNA biopsy was conducted. Cytologic diagnoses from the report at our center and the referring institution were re-categorized by the Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology. The rate of diagnostic disagreement was evaluated between Primary Diagnosis (PD) and Second Opinion Diagnosis (SOD), and the clinicopathologic correlations and the number of cases that prompted changes in treatment as a result of diagnostic disagreement were analyzed. 1499 patients meeting our study criteria were enrolled in this study. Diagnostic disagreement comprised 394 cases (26.3%). In the case of diagnostic disagreement, SOD was supported on clinicopathologic follow-up in 271 cases (68.8%), of which a change in management was made in 54 (13.7%) cases, and PD was supported in 93 (23.6%) cases, of which a change in management was made in 13 (3.3%) cases. By the second opinion, 65 (4.5%) patients received proper management, and 14 (1.0%) patients received superfluous management. Wide use of secondary cytopathologic review of thyroid FNA specimens from referring institutions was recommended.

  14. APPLICATION OF LIQUID-BASED CYTOLOGY TO FINE-NEEDLE ASPIRATION BIOPSIES OF THE THYROID GLAND

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guido eFadda

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available FNAB (fine-needle aspiration biopsy is regarded as an important tool for diagnosing thyroid lesions because of its simplicity, safety and cost-effectiveness. Its role in correctly characterizing the group of indeterminate lesions or follicular-patterned neoplasms (FN might be more decisive. LBC (Liquid-based cytology is a technique based on the use of a semi-automated device that has gained popularity as a method of collecting and processing both gynecologic and non-gynecologic cytologic specimens. It achieves a diagnostic sensitivity as accurate as conventional preparations especially for its excellent cell preservation and for the lack of background which decrease the amount of inadequate diagnoses. Moreover, the cellular material which has been stored in the preservative solution could be effectively used for the application of immunocytochemical and molecular techniques used especially for the Follicular proliferations . In many cases the cytologic features are similar in both methods but the colloid film and the lymphocytic component are more easily evaluated on direct smears whereas nuclear details and colloid globules are better evaluated in LBC slides. The LBC processed biopsies represent a valid alternative to conventional cytology. The possibility of applying special techniques enhance the efficacy of the cytological diagnosis of thyroid lesions.

  15. Application of liquid-based cytology to fine-needle aspiration biopsies of the thyroid gland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossi, Esther Diana; Zannoni, Gian Franco; Moncelsi, Stefania; Stigliano, Egidio; Santeusanio, Giuseppe; Lombardi, Celestino Pio; Pontecorvi, Alfredo; Fadda, Guido

    2012-01-01

    Fine-needle aspiration biopsy is regarded as an important tool for diagnosing thyroid lesions because of its simplicity, safety, and cost-effectiveness. Its role in correctly characterizing the group of indeterminate lesions or follicular-patterned neoplasms (FN) might be more decisive. Liquid-based cytology (LBC) is a technique based on the use of a semi-automated device that has gained popularity as a method of collecting and processing both gynecologic and non-gynecologic cytologic specimens. It achieves a diagnostic sensitivity as accurate as conventional preparations especially for its excellent cell preservation and for the lack of background which decrease the amount of inadequate diagnoses. Moreover, the cellular material which has been stored in the preservative solution could be effectively used for the application of immunocytochemical and molecular techniques especially for the Follicular proliferations. In many cases the cytologic features are similar in both methods but the colloid film and the lymphocytic component are more easily evaluated on direct smears whereas nuclear details and colloid globules are better evaluated in LBC slides. The LBC-processed biopsies represent a valid alternative to conventional cytology. The possibility of applying special techniques enhance the efficacy of the cytological diagnosis of thyroid lesions.

  16. Liquid-based cytology in fine-needle aspiration biopsies of the thyroid gland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fadda, Guido; Rossi, Esther Diana

    2011-01-01

    Fine-needle aspiration biopsy is regarded as the most important diagnostic tool for thyroid lesions because of its simplicity, safety, and cost-effectiveness. However, its pivotal role in the correct characterization of the majority of nodules is impaired by the difficulties in discriminating benign from malignant follicular-patterned lesions. Liquid-based cytology (LBC) is a semiautomated device that has recently become widely available and has gained popularity as a method of collecting and processing both gynecologic and nongynecologic cytologic specimens. It achieves a diagnostic sensitivity as accurate as conventional preparations, especially for its excellent cell preservation and lack of background which decrease the amount of inadequate diagnoses. In many cases the cytologic features are similar in both methods, but the colloid film and the lymphocytic component are more easily evaluated on direct smears whereas nuclear details and colloid globules are better evaluated in LBC slides. The material stored in the preservative solution could be effectively used for the application of immunocytochemical and molecular techniques. LBC-processed biopsies represent a valid alternative to conventional cytology. The possibility of applying additional techniques enhances the efficacy of the cytologic diagnosis of thyroid lesions. Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  17. Use of percutaneous core needle biopsy for diagnosing acral bone tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhichao Tong

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to evaluate the diagnostic value of percutaneous core needle biopsy (PCNB in diagnosing acral bone tumors. The clinical PCNB data of 341 patients with bone tumors were retrospectively analyzed. The diagnostic accuracy was calculated according to the lesion components (sclerotic, parenchymatous, or cystic, benign or malignant character, and whether a soft tissue mass was present. The chi-square test was performed to assess diagnostic accuracy. The accuracy rate for sclerotic and substantive lesions was high (87.5% and 90.1%, respectively, while that for cystic lesions was the lowest. The accuracy difference in diagnosing benign and malignant lesions was significant (P<0.001. The existence of an extraskeletal soft tissue mass significantly affected the diagnostic accuracy (P=0.007. PCNB is a safe, accurate, rapid, and effective screening method in diagnosing bone tumors; however, the diagnostic accuracy for cystic lesions was poorest. The lesions without a diagnostic biopsy result were most likely to be benign, and the existence of an extraskeletal soft tissue mass significantly affected diagnostic accuracy; therefore, the correct diagnosis of skeletal system lesions still relies on the coordinated efforts of clinics, pathology, and imaging.

  18. Diagnostic Value of Preoperative Needle Biopsy for Tumor Grading Assessment in Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lijun; Wang, Jianguo; Zhang, Xuanyu; Li, Jie; Wei, Xuyong; Cheng, Jun; Ling, Qi; Xie, Haiyang; Zhou, Lin; Xu, Xiao; Zheng, Shusen

    2015-01-01

    Needle core biopsy (NCB) is one of the most widely used and accepted methods for the diagnosis of focal hepatic lesions. Although many studies have assessed the diagnostic accuracy of NCB in predicting the tumor grade, it is still under debate. To identify the influence of number of biopsies on NCB diagnostic accuracy. 153 patients with HCC were selected from patients who received preoperative NCB under the guidance of ultrasonography in our hospital. The diagnostic reference standard was the surgical pathologic diagnosis. Using a 3-tier grading scheme (well, moderate and poor), the accuracy of NCB has no significant differences among different number of passes in HCC ≤5 cm. For HCC >5≤8 cm, the increasing number of passes could increase the diagnostic accuracy (63.3%, 81.8%, and 84.8% for passes one, two, and three, respectively). While in HCC>8 cm, the diagnostic accuracy of passes one, two, and three were 62.1%, 69%, and 75.8%, respectively. The accuracy of NCB in assessing tumor grading associated with tumor size and number of passes. Meanwhile, a minimum of two passes should be performed to get better accuracy in patients with HCC >5 cm.

  19. Diagnostic Value of Preoperative Needle Biopsy for Tumor Grading Assessment in Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lijun Wang

    Full Text Available Needle core biopsy (NCB is one of the most widely used and accepted methods for the diagnosis of focal hepatic lesions. Although many studies have assessed the diagnostic accuracy of NCB in predicting the tumor grade, it is still under debate.To identify the influence of number of biopsies on NCB diagnostic accuracy.153 patients with HCC were selected from patients who received preoperative NCB under the guidance of ultrasonography in our hospital. The diagnostic reference standard was the surgical pathologic diagnosis.Using a 3-tier grading scheme (well, moderate and poor, the accuracy of NCB has no significant differences among different number of passes in HCC ≤5 cm. For HCC >5≤8 cm, the increasing number of passes could increase the diagnostic accuracy (63.3%, 81.8%, and 84.8% for passes one, two, and three, respectively. While in HCC>8 cm, the diagnostic accuracy of passes one, two, and three were 62.1%, 69%, and 75.8%, respectively.The accuracy of NCB in assessing tumor grading associated with tumor size and number of passes. Meanwhile, a minimum of two passes should be performed to get better accuracy in patients with HCC >5 cm.

  20. Reliability of Prognostic and Predictive Factors Evaluated by Needle Core Biopsies of Large Breast Invasive Tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrau, Camille; Clatot, Florian; Cornic, Marie; Berghian, Anca; Veresezan, Liana; Callonnec, Françoise; Baron, Marc; Veyret, Corinne; Laberge, Sophie; Thery, Jean-Christophe; Picquenot, Jean-Michel

    2015-10-01

    Preoperative biopsy of breast cancer allows for prognostic/predictive marker assessment. However, large tumors, which are the main candidates for preoperative chemotherapy, are potentially more heterogeneous than smaller ones, which questions the reliability of histologic analyses of needle core biopsy (NCB) specimens compared with whole surgical specimens (WSS). We studied the histologic concordance between NCB specimens and WSS in tumors larger than 2 cm. Early pT2 or higher breast cancers diagnosed between 2008 and 2011 in our center, with no preoperative treatments, were retrospectively screened. We assessed the main prognostic and predictive validated parameters. Comparisons were performed using the κ test. In total, 163 matched NCB specimens and WSS were analyzed. The correlation was excellent for ER and HER2 (κ = 0.94 and 0.91, respectively), moderate for PR (κ = 0.79) and histologic type (κ = 0.74), weak for Ki-67 (κ = 0.55), and minimal for SBR grade (κ = 0.29). Three of the 21 HER2-positive cases (14% of HER2-positive patients or 1.8% of all patients), by WSS analysis, were initially negative on NCB specimens even after chromogenic in situ hybridization. NCB for large breast tumors allowed reliable determination of ER/PR expression. However, the SBR grade may be deeply underestimated, and false-negative evaluation of the HER2 status would have led to a detrimental lack of trastuzumab administration. Copyright© by the American Society for Clinical Pathology.

  1. Upgrading of Gleason score on radical prostatectomy specimen compared to the pre-operative needle core biopsy: an Indian experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nayyar, Rishi; Singh, Prabhjot; Gupta, Narmada P; Hemal, Ashok K; Dogra, Prem N; Seth, Amlesh; Kumar, Rajeev

    2010-01-01

    To assess the accuracy of Gleason grading/scoring on preoperative needle core biopsy (NCB) compared to the radical prostatectomy (RP) specimen. Data of NCB and RP specimens was analyzed in 193 cases. Gleason grade/scoring was done on both NCB and RP specimens. Sixteen cases were excluded for various reasons. The Gleason scores of the two sets of matched specimens were compared and also correlated with the PSA, age, and number of needle biopsy cores. The overall change was also correlated with the initial score on NCB. The mean age and PSA were 63.3+/-2(5.27) years and 18.48+/-2(28.42) ng/ml, respectively. The average Gleason score increased from 5.51 +/- 2(1.52) to 6.2 +/- 2(1.42) (PNCB was NCB. This trend may be correlated positively with lower initial Gleason score on preoperative biopsy and the lower number of cores taken.

  2. PET/CT-guided interventions: Indications, advantages, disadvantages and the state of the art.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cazzato, Roberto Luigi; Garnon, Julien; Shaygi, Behnam; Koch, Guillaume; Tsoumakidou, Georgia; Caudrelier, Jean; Addeo, Pietro; Bachellier, Philippe; Namer, Izzie Jacques; Gangi, Afshin

    2017-11-23

    Positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) represents an emerging imaging guidance modality that has been applied to successfully guide percutaneous procedures such as biopsies and tumour ablations. The aim of the present narrative review is to report the indications, advantages and disadvantages of PET/CT-guided procedures in the field of interventional oncology and to briefly describe the experience gained with this new emerging technique while performing biopsies and tumor ablations.

  3. Comparison of Endoscopic Ultrasound-Fine-needle Aspiration and Endoscopic Ultrasound-Fine-needle Biopsy for Solid Lesions in a Multicenter, Randomized Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagula, Satish; Pourmand, Kamron; Aslanian, Harry; Bucobo, Juan Carlos; Gonda, Tamas A; Gonzalez, Susana; Goodman, Adam; Gross, Seth A; Ho, Sammy; DiMaio, Christopher J; Kim, Michelle K; Pais, Shireen; Poneros, John M; Robbins, David H; Schnoll-Sussman, Felice; Sethi, Amrita; Buscaglia, Jonathan M

    2017-06-15

    Endoscopic ultrasound with fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is the standard of care for tissue sampling of solid lesions adjacent to the gastrointestinal tract. Fine-needle biopsy (FNB) may provide higher diagnostic yield with fewer needle passes. The aim of this study was to assess the difference in diagnostic yield between FNA and FNB. This is a multicenter, prospective randomized clinical trial from 6 large tertiary care centers. Patients referred for tissue sampling of solid lesions were randomized to either FNA or FNB of the target lesion. Demographics, size, location, number of needle passes, and final diagnosis were recorded. After enrollment, 135 patients were randomized to FNA (49.3%), and 139 patients were randomized to FNB (50.7%).The following lesions were sampled: mass (n = 210, 76.6%), lymph nodes (n = 46, 16.8%), and submucosal tumors (n = 18, 6.6%). Final diagnosis was malignancy (n = 192, 70.1%), reactive lymphadenopathy (n = 30, 11.0%), and spindle cell tumors (n = 24, 8.8%). FNA had a diagnostic yield of 91.1% compared with 88.5% for FNB (P = .48). There was no difference between FNA and FNB when stratified by the presence of on-site cytopathology or by type of lesion sampled. A median of 1 needle pass was needed to obtain a diagnostic sample for both needles. FNA and FNB obtained a similar diagnostic yield with a comparable number of needle passes. On the basis of these results, there is no significant difference in the performance of FNA compared with FNB in the cytologic diagnosis of solid lesions adjacent to the gastrointestinal tract. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01698190. Copyright © 2017 AGA Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. The diagnostic value of endobronchial ultrasound-guided needle biopsy in lung cancer and mediastinal adenopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Wei; Song, Kunchang; Zervos, Michael; Pass, Harvey; Cangiarella, Joan; Bizekis, Costas; Crawford, Bernard; Wang, Beverly Y

    2010-05-01

    Endobronchial ultrasonography (EBUS) has emerged as a new diagnostic tool that allows the bronchoscopist to see beyond the airway, including pulmonary and mediastinal lesion. The real time EBUS-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) has advanced the diagnostic yield in primary lung pathology and mediastinal lymph node staging of lung carcinoma. Sixty-four patients (36 males, 28 females, ages ranging from 16 to 86 years) with peribronchial lung lesions and mediastinal and/or hilar lymph node lesions underwent EBUS-TBNA. All patients had intraoperative cytological assessment by smears on aspiration samples or touch preparation on needle core biopsies.The cytological final diagnoses were categorized as negative, suspicious/positive, and non-diagnostic. Forty-nine samples were obtained from lymph node lesions and 15 samples were obtained from lung lesions. In cytology specimens, 32 patients had suspicious/positive diagnoses and 32 patients had negative diagnosis. In follow-up histology specimens, 35 patients had malignant diagnoses, including 18 adenocarcinomas, 8 small cell carcinomas, 6 squamous cell carcinomas, 1 metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma, 1 metastatic melanoma, and 1 lymphoma. Twenty-nine patients had negative diagnoses. Sensitivity and specificity were 88.9% and 96.4%, respectively. Positive and negative predictive values were 97.0% and 87.1%, respectively. Diagnostic accuracy was 92.2%. EBUS-TBNA is an efficient and effective technique for diagnosis of intrapulmonary and mediastinal/hilar lymph nodes. It becomes significantly invaluable on clinical management for staging in those patients with lung cancer of other metastatic malignancies. This technique enables us to obtain tissue samples for quick diagnoses beyond central airway with minimal complications.

  5. A cost analysis of thyroid core needle biopsy vs. diagnostic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trimboli, Pierpaolo; Nasrollah, Naim; Amendola, Stefano; Crescenzi, Anna; Guidobaldi, Leo; Chiesa, Carlo; Maglio, Riccardo; Nigri, Giuseppe; Pontecorvi, Alfredo; Romanelli, Francesco; Giacomelli, Laura; Valabrega, Stefano

    2015-08-01

    Twenty percent of thyroid fine needle aspiration (FNA) is indeterminate. Because 3 in 4 of these are actually benign, a method of clarifying the pathology could help patients to avoid diagnostic thyroidectomy. Recently, core needle biopsy (CNB) has been proven to be highly reliable for this purpose. However, there are no reports of any potential cost benefit provided by CNB. Here we analyzed the impact on management costs of CNB compared with traditional diagnostic surgery in indeterminate FNA. Over 24 months, 198 patients with thyroid indeterminate cytology underwent CNB at Ospedale Israelitico of Rome or diagnostic surgery at the Department of Surgery of Sapienza University of Rome. We tabulated costs of the medical instruments, operating theater, surgical team, patient recovery, and pathologic examination for each method. In CNB group, 42.4% of patients had benign lesions and avoided surgery, 20.8% was cancer, and the remaining 36.8% uncertain. The malignancy rate in CNB group was 26.4%, and mean cost of CNB per nodule was 1,032€. In diagnostic surgery group, 24.7% had cancer and 75.3% had benign lesions, and mean expense for each thyroidectomy was 6,364€. In an ideal cohort of 100 patients with indeterminate FNA, the cost of CNB is 33.8% lower than that of diagnostic surgery. CNB can detect a large proportion of the benign thyroid nodules that are classified as indeterminate by FNA. These patients can avoid diagnostic thyroidectomy and hospitals can reduce their surgical costs by one-third.

  6. Benign Papillomas of the Breast Diagnosed on Large-Gauge Vacuum Biopsy compared with 14 Gauge Core Needle Biopsy - Do they require surgical excision?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seely, Jean M; Verma, Raman; Kielar, Ania; Smyth, Karl R; Hack, Kalesha; Taljaard, Monica; Gravel, Denis; Ellison, Erin

    2017-03-01

    To evaluate whether biopsy with vacuum-assisted biopsy (VAB) devices improves histologic underestimation rates of benign papillomas when compared to smaller bore core needle biopsy (CNB) devices. Patients with biopsy-proven benign papillomas with surgical resection or minimum 12 months follow-up were selected. Two breast pathologists reviewed all pathology slides of percutaneous and excisional biopsy specimens. Histologic underestimation rates for lesions biopsied with 10-12 Gauge (G) VAB were compared to those with 14G CNB. A total of 107 benign papillomas in 107 patients from two centers were included. There were 60 patients (mean age 57 years, SD 10.3 years) diagnosed with VAB and 47 patients (mean age 57.6 years, SD 11.3 years) with 14G CNB who underwent surgical excision or imaging follow-up. The upgrade rate to ductal carcinoma in situ or invasive carcinoma was 1.6% (1/60) with VAB and 8.5% (4/47) with 14G. Upgrade to atypia was 3.3% (2/60) after VAB and 10.6% (5/47) with CNB. The total underestimation rates were 5% (3/60) with VAB and 19.1% (9/47) with CNB. The odds of an upgrade to malignancy was 5.5 times higher with a 14G needle than VAB (95% CI: 0.592-50.853, p = 0.17). We observed a lower but not statistically significant upgrade rate to malignancy and atypia with the use of the 10-12 G VAB as compared with 14G CNB. When a papilloma without atypia is diagnosed with vacuum biopsy there is a high likelihood that it is benign; however, if surgical excision is not performed, long-term follow-up is still required. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  7. Confocal fluorescence microscopy for rapid evaluation of invasive tumor cellularity of inflammatory breast carcinoma core needle biopsies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobbs, Jessica; Krishnamurthy, Savitri; Kyrish, Matthew; Benveniste, Ana Paula; Yang, Wei; Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    2015-01-01

    Tissue sampling is a problematic issue for inflammatory breast carcinoma, and immediate evaluation following core needle biopsy is needed to evaluate specimen adequacy. We sought to determine if confocal fluorescence microscopy provides sufficient resolution to evaluate specimen adequacy by comparing invasive tumor cellularity estimated from standard histologic images to invasive tumor cellularity estimated from confocal images of breast core needle biopsy specimens. Grayscale confocal fluorescence images of breast core needle biopsy specimens were acquired following proflavine application. A breast-dedicated pathologist evaluated invasive tumor cellularity in histologic images with hematoxylin and eosin staining and in grayscale and false-colored confocal images of cores. Agreement between cellularity estimates was quantified using a kappa coefficient. 23 cores from 23 patients with suspected inflammatory breast carcinoma were imaged. Confocal images were acquired in an average of less than 2 min per core. Invasive tumor cellularity estimated from histologic and grayscale confocal images showed moderate agreement by kappa coefficient: κ = 0.48 ± 0.09 (p fluorescence microscopy can be performed immediately following specimen acquisition and could indicate the need for additional biopsies at the initial visit.

  8. Core Needle Biopsy of the Thyroid: 2016 Consensus Statement and Recommendations from Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Na, Dong Gyu; Jung, So Lyung; Kim, Ji-hoon; Sung, Jin Yong; Kim, Kyu Sun; Lee, Jeong Hyun; Shin, Jung Hee; Choi, Yoon Jung; Ha, Eun Ju; Lim, Hyun Kyung; Kim, Soo Jin; Hahn, Soo Yeon; Lee, Kwang Hwi; Choi, Young Jun; Youn, Inyoung; Kim, Young Joong; Ahn, Hye Shin; Ryu, Ji Hwa; Baek, Seon Mi; Sim, Jung Suk; Jung, Chan Kwon; Lee, Joon Hyung

    2017-01-01

    Core needle biopsy (CNB) has been suggested as a complementary diagnostic method to fine-needle aspiration in patients with thyroid nodules. Many recent CNB studies have suggested a more advanced role for CNB, but there are still no guidelines on its use. Therefore, the Task Force Committee of the Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology has developed the present consensus statement and recommendations for the role of CNB in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. These recommendations are based on evidence from the current literature and expert consensus. PMID:28096731

  9. Core needle biopsy of the thyroid: 2016 consensus statement and recommendations from Korea society of thyroid radiology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Na, Dong Gyu [Dept. of Radiology, Human Medical Imaging and Intervention Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Baek, Jung Hwan; Lee, Jeong Hyun [Dept. of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); and others

    2017-01-15

    Core needle biopsy (CNB) has been suggested as a complementary diagnostic method to fine-needle aspiration in patients with thyroid nodules. Many recent CNB studies have suggested a more advanced role for CNB, but there are still no guidelines on its use. Therefore, the Task Force Committee of the Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology has developed the present consensus statement and recommendations for the role of CNB in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. These recommendations are based on evidence from the current literature and expert consensus.

  10. AngleNav: MEMS Tracker to Facilitate CT-Guided Puncture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Rui; Xu, Sheng; Pritchard, William F; Karanian, John W; Krishnasamy, Venkatesh P; Wood, Bradford J; Tse, Zion Tsz Ho

    2018-01-05

    As a low-cost needle navigation system, AngleNav may be used to improve the accuracy, speed, and ease of CT-guided needle punctures. The AngleNav hardware includes a wireless device with a microelectromechanical (MEMS) tracker that can be attached to any standard needle. The physician defines the target, desired needle path and skin entry point on a CT slice image. The accuracy of AngleNav was first tested in a 3D-printed calibration platform in a benchtop setting. An abdominal phantom study was then performed in a CT scanner to validate the accuracy of the device's angular measurement. Finally, an in vivo swine study was performed to guide the needle towards liver targets (n = 8). CT scans of the targets were used to quantify the angular errors and needle tip-to-targeting distance errors between the planned needle path and the final needle position. The MEMS tracker showed a mean angular error of 0.01° with a standard deviation (SD) of 0.62° in the benchtop setting. The abdominal phantom test showed a mean angular error of 0.87° with an SD of 1.19° and a mean tip-to-target distance error of 4.89 mm with an SD of 1.57 mm. The animal experiment resulted in a mean angular error of 6.6° with an SD of 1.9° and a mean tip-to-target distance error of 8.7 mm with an SD of 3.1 mm. These results demonstrated the feasibility of AngleNav for CT-guided interventional workflow. The angular and distance errors were reduced by 64.4 and 54.8% respectively if using AngleNav instead of freehand insertion, with a limited number of operators. AngleNav assisted the physicians to deliver accurate needle insertion during CT-guided intervention. The device could potentially reduce the learning curve for physicians to perform CT-guided needle targeting.

  11. Imaging-Guided Core-Needle Breast Biopsy: Impact of Meditation and Music Interventions on Patient Anxiety, Pain, and Fatigue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soo, Mary Scott; Jarosz, Jennifer A; Wren, Anava A; Soo, Adrianne E; Mowery, Yvonne M; Johnson, Karen S; Yoon, Sora C; Kim, Connie; Hwang, E Shelley; Keefe, Francis J; Shelby, Rebecca A

    2016-05-01

    To evaluate the impact of guided meditation and music interventions on patient anxiety, pain, and fatigue during imaging-guided breast biopsy. After giving informed consent, 121 women needing percutaneous imaging-guided breast biopsy were randomized into three groups: (1) guided meditation; (2) music; (3) standard-care control group. During biopsy, the meditation and music groups listened to an audio-recorded, guided, loving-kindness meditation and relaxing music, respectively; the standard-care control group received supportive dialogue from the biopsy team. Immediately before and after biopsy, participants completed questionnaires measuring anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory Scale), biopsy pain (Brief Pain Inventory), and fatigue (modified Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue). After biopsy, participants completed questionnaires assessing radiologist-patient communication (modified Questionnaire on the Quality of Physician-Patient Interaction), demographics, and medical history. The meditation and music groups reported significantly greater anxiety reduction (P values control group; the standard-care control group reported increased fatigue after biopsy. The meditation group additionally showed significantly lower pain during biopsy, compared with the music group (P = .03). No significant difference in patient-perceived quality of radiologist-patient communication was noted among groups. Listening to guided meditation significantly lowered biopsy pain during imaging-guided breast biopsy; meditation and music reduced patient anxiety and fatigue without compromising radiologist-patient communication. These simple, inexpensive interventions could improve women's experiences during core-needle breast biopsy. Copyright © 2016 American College of Radiology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Liver needle biopsy in Iraninan pediatric patients: Diagnostic significance and pattern of liver diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monajemzadeh Maryam

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We aimed at determining the pattern of liver disease in the Iranian children referred to the Medical Center of Children affiliated with the Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional study conducted over 2 years, 425 liver needle biopsies were sent to the pathology laboratory of our center. Slides were prepared from paraffin-embedded blocks, stained by routine H & E and special stains and were then reviewed. The frequency of each disorder, separately and in combination with the age group or gender of the patients was calculated and compared with other similar studies. Results: The male to female ratio was 1.42:1. The age range was between 1 month and 18 years old and 41.4% were less than 2 years old. The most common histological diagnosis was iron overload due to major thalassemia (17.5% followed by biliary atresia (9.7%, no significant pathologic change (8.7%, neonatal hepatitis (8.7%, chronic hepatitis (8.5%, cirrhosis (6.5%, metabolic disease (5.5% and progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (5%. Results of the hemosiderosis grading in patients with thalassemia revealed no or minimal, mild, medium, or marked increase in 10%, 27.1%, 10%, 21.4% and 31.5% of the cases, respectively and the degree of iron deposition rose in parallel with age and also the stage of fibrosis (p< 0.05. Conclusion: A liver biopsy is a useful and practical tool for the appropriate diagnosis of pediatric liver diseases. Also, we found that in non thalassemic children, biliary atresia, chronic hepatitis and neonatal hepatitis, in the stated order, are the most prevalent histologic diagnoses in Iranian pediatrics.

  13. Factors associated with phyllodes tumor of the breast after core needle biopsy identifies fibroepithelial neoplasm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gould, Daniel J; Salmans, Jessica A; Lassinger, Brian K; Contreras, Alejandro; Gutierrez, Carolina; Bonefas, Elizabeth; Liscum, Kathleen R; Silberfein, Eric J

    2012-11-01

    Phyllodes tumors represent less than 1% of all breast neoplasms and can mimic fibroadenoma on core needle biopsy (CNB). The treatment of fibroepithelial (FE) neoplasms identified on CNB is controversial. We sought to identify factors that were associated with phyllodes tumors after CNB suggested FE neoplasm. A retrospective database was queried for all patients diagnosed with FE neoplasm on CNB at Ben Taub General Hospital over a 10-y period. One hundred twenty-three patients were identified and demographic, clinical, and outcome data were analyzed. Of the 123 patients, 46 (37%) were found to have fibroadenomatous features and 59 (48%) were found to have FE features. All went on to have surgical excision. Forty (38%) contained phyllodes tumors, and 65 (62%) found no phyllodes tumor on final pathology. There were significant differences in the median size of the masses (4 cm versus 2.4 cm P phyllodes tumors and the group that did not on preoperative imaging. Further evaluation did not show any significant differences on preoperative imaging between benign and borderline/malignant phyllodes tumors. Hispanic ethnicity correlated with a higher chance of phyllodes tumor after CNB (P phyllodes tumor, surgical excision remains the standard of care; however, patients with suspicious FE neoplasms represent a treatment dilemma as many will prove to be benign. Preoperative size and the density of the mass on imaging and ethnicity were associated with phyllodes tumors on final pathology. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Computer-aided diagnosis of breast cancer based on fine needle biopsy microscopic images.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kowal, Marek; Filipczuk, Paweł; Obuchowicz, Andrzej; Korbicz, Józef; Monczak, Roman

    2013-10-01

    Prompt and widely available diagnostics of breast cancer is crucial for the prognosis of patients. One of the diagnostic methods is the analysis of cytological material from the breast. This examination requires extensive knowledge and experience of the cytologist. Computer-aided diagnosis can speed up the diagnostic process and allow for large-scale screening. One of the largest challenges in the automatic analysis of cytological images is the segmentation of nuclei. In this study, four different clustering algorithms are tested and compared in the task of fast nuclei segmentation. K-means, fuzzy C-means, competitive learning neural networks and Gaussian mixture models were incorporated for clustering in the color space along with adaptive thresholding in grayscale. These methods were applied in a medical decision support system for breast cancer diagnosis, where the cases were classified as either benign or malignant. In the segmented nuclei, 42 morphological, topological and texture features were extracted. Then, these features were used in a classification procedure with three different classifiers. The system was tested for classification accuracy by means of microscopic images of fine needle breast biopsies. In cooperation with the Regional Hospital in Zielona Góra, 500 real case medical images from 50 patients were collected. The acquired classification accuracy was approximately 96-100%, which is very promising and shows that the presented method ensures accurate and objective data acquisition that could be used to facilitate breast cancer diagnosis. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Audit of performance of needle core biopsy diagnoses of screen detected breast lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Sayed, Maysa E; Rakha, Emad A; Reed, Jacquie; Lee, Andrew Hs; Evans, Andrew J; Ellis, Ian O

    2008-11-01

    Breast needle core biopsy (NCB) is now a standard diagnostic procedure in the triple assessment of screen detected breast lesions. Therefore, it is important to provide robust and up-to-date data on the performance of NCB in the screening setting. However, previous studies of NCB have suffered from either limitation in the number of assessed cases or included a mix of symptomatic and screen detected breast lesions. In this study, we have evaluated the performance of a large series of uniformly assessed NCBs of screen detected lesions (20001 cases) over a period of 10 years (1997-2007). Our results showed a gradual increase in the number of NCBs and an improvement of their performance over the period of the study; absolute sensitivity increased from 84.9% to 96.4% and complete sensitivity increased from 90.9% to 99.7%. There was also a gradual reduction in the number of surgical interventions after benign (B2) and negative (B1) NCB diagnoses. Our study provides data showing variance from the suggested thresholds for the measures of performance of NCB in the United Kingdom which could be used to provide updated evidence-based thresholds for assessment of performance of NCB diagnosis use in the assessment of breast cancer screen detected lesions in the UK and elsewhere.

  16. Histological grading of breast cancer on needle core biopsy: the role of immunohistochemical assessment of proliferation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwok, T'ng Chang; Rakha, Emad A; Lee, Andrew H S; Grainge, Matthew; Green, Andrew R; Ellis, Ian O; Powe, Desmond G

    2010-08-01

    Histological grade assessed on needle core biopsy (NCB) moderately concurs with the grade in the surgical excision specimen (SES) (kappa-values between 0.35 and 0.65). A major cause of the discrepancy is underestimation of mitoses in the NCB specimen. The aim was to determine the best method of assessing proliferation on NCB. Proliferative activity of 101 invasive carcinomas of the breast on NCB and SES was assessed using mitotic counts on routine haematoxylin and eosin (H&E) sections and immunohistochemical markers Mib-1 and phosphorylated histone H3 (PPH3). H&E mitotic count in SES was considered as the gold standard. H&E mitotic count was found to be underestimated on NCB when compared with that in SES (P NCB and SES regarding Mib-1 (P = 0.13) or PPH3 (P = 0.073). Using receiver-operating characteristic curve, Mib-1 on NCB was found to agree with the gold standard significantly better than routine H&E on NCB. Immunohistochemical markers in NCB showed better concordance with H&E mitotic count in SES (gold standard) than routine H&E mitotic count in NCB. Further refinement of cut-offs and scoring methods is needed.

  17. Endoscopic ultrasound with fine needle aspiration and biopsy in lung cancer and isolated mediastinal lymphadenopathy.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Nadarajan, P

    2010-03-01

    Endoscopic ultrasound with fine-needle aspiration and biopsy (EUS-FNAB) is well established in diagnosing and staging lung cancer in patients with mediastinal adenopathy. EUS-FNAB is highly sensitive, less invasive and has lower complication rates when compared to surgical staging of mediastinal nodes. In this study we describe our experience of EUS-FNAB in lung cancer and other causes of mediastinal lymphadenopathy. EUS-FNAB was performed for assessment of PET positive mediastinal lymph nodes between January 2007 and March 2009 in AMNCH. The endpoints of our study were sensitivity and specificity of EUS-FNAB, morbidity and length of hospital stay. Thirty four patients underwent EUS-FNAB during the study period for both diagnosis and staging. Thirty patients had positive lymph node invasion and 4 had no evidence of malignant invasion. In these 4 patients negative cytology was confirmed on mediastinoscopy giving EUS-FNAB a sensitivity and specificity of 100%. EUS-FNAB upstaged the disease in 12 patients. EUS-FNAB is a reliable tool for mediastinal staging in lung cancer, significantly reducing the need for surgical staging procedures in patients with suspected mediastinal involvement.

  18. Thyroid fine needle aspiration biopsy: Do we really need an on-site cytopathologist?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cengic, Ismet, E-mail: ismetcengic@yahoo.com [Department of Radiology, Marmara University, School of Medicine, Fevzi Cakmak Mahallesi Mimar Sinan Caddesi No: 41, 34899 Ust Kaynarca Pendik, Istanbul (Turkey); Tureli, Derya, E-mail: deryatureli@yahoo.com [Department of Radiology, Marmara University, School of Medicine, Fevzi Cakmak Mahallesi Mimar Sinan Caddesi No: 41, 34899 Ust Kaynarca Pendik, Istanbul (Turkey); Ahiskali, Rengin, E-mail: renginiara@gmail.com [Department of Pathology, Marmara University, School of Medicine, Fevzi Cakmak Mahallesi Mimar Sinan Caddesi No: 41, 34899 Ust Kaynarca Pendik, Istanbul (Turkey); Bugdayci, Onur, E-mail: onurbug@hotmail.com [Department of Radiology, Marmara University, School of Medicine, Fevzi Cakmak Mahallesi Mimar Sinan Caddesi No: 41, 34899 Ust Kaynarca Pendik, Istanbul (Turkey); Aydin, Hilal, E-mail: hilalaltasaydin@gmail.com [Department of Radiology, Marmara University, School of Medicine, Fevzi Cakmak Mahallesi Mimar Sinan Caddesi No: 41, 34899 Ust Kaynarca Pendik, Istanbul (Turkey); Aribal, Erkin, E-mail: earibal@gmail.com [Department of Radiology, Marmara University, School of Medicine, Fevzi Cakmak Mahallesi Mimar Sinan Caddesi No: 41, 34899 Ust Kaynarca Pendik, Istanbul (Turkey)

    2014-04-15

    Purpose: The aim of this single center study is to evaluate the effectiveness of performing ultrasound-guided thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsies (FNAB) performed by the radiologist alone without an on-site cytopathologist. Materials and methods: In this prospective randomized study, 203 patients with single nodules measuring 10 mm or more underwent ultrasound-guided FNAB: 102 patients underwent FNAB performed by the radiologist accompanied by a cytopathologist (control group); 101 patients underwent FNAB by the radiologist alone (study group). In both groups biopsy time, specimen adequacy ratio, total aspiration number, cytopathologist's cytological diagnosis time (t1), cytopathologist's total time consumption (t2) were evaluated. Results: Mean total biopsy time was 8.74 ± 2.31 min in the study group and was significantly shorter than the control group's 11.97 ± 6.75 min (p = 0.004). The average number of aspirations per patient in the study group was 4.00 ± 0; compared to the control group's 3.56 ± 1.23 this was significantly higher (p = 0.001). t1 of the study group was 307.48 ± 226.32 s; compared to 350.14 ± 247.64 s in the control group, there was no statistically significant difference (p = 0.137). t2 of the study group was 672.93 ± 270.45 s; compared to the control group (707.03 ± 258.78 s) there was no statistically significant difference (p = 0.360). Diagnostic adequacy of aspirated specimens was reassessed in the pathology laboratory. In the study group, 84 out of 101 aspirations and in the control group 89 out of 102 aspirations was determined as adequate with no statistically significant difference (p = 0.302). Conclusions: We believe that in centers where a cytopathologist is not available, ultrasound-guided thyroid FNAB can be adequately performed by an experienced radiologist who was effectively trained in smear preparation.

  19. Core-needle biopsy of breast cancer is associated with a higher rate of distant metastases 5 to 15 years after diagnosis than FNA biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sennerstam, Roland B; Franzén, Bo S H; Wiksell, Hans O T; Auer, Gert U

    2017-10-01

    The literature offers discordant results regarding whether diagnostic biopsy is associated with the dissemination of cancer cells, resulting in local and/or distant metastasis. The long-term outcomes of patients with breast cancer were compared between those who were diagnosed using either fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) or core-needle biopsy (CNB) during 2 decades: the 1970s and 1990s. In the 1970s, the only diagnostic needle biopsy method used for breast cancer in Sweden was FNAB. CNB was introduced 1989 and became established in Stockholm Gotland County in the early 1990s. The authors compared the clinical outcomes of patients diagnosed using FNAB from 1971 to 1976 (n = 354) versus those of patients diagnosed using CNB from 1991 to 1995 (n = 1729). Adjusting for differences in various treatment modalities, mammography screening, tumor size, DNA ploidy, and patient age between the 2 decades, 2 strictly matched samples representing FNAB (n = 181) and CNB (n = 203) were selected for a 15-year follow-up study. In a comparison of the rates of distant metastasis in the strictly matched patient groups from the FNAB and CNB cohorts, significantly higher rates of late-appearing (5-15 years after diagnosis) distant metastasis were observed among the patients who were diagnosed on CNB compared with those who were diagnosed on FNAB. No significant difference in local metastasis was observed between the 2 groups. At 5 to 15 years after diagnosis of the primary tumor, CNB-diagnosed patients had significantly higher rates of distant metastases than FNAB-diagnosed patients. Cancer Cytopathol 2017;125:748-56. © 2017 American Cancer Society. © 2017 American Cancer Society.

  20. Tibialis anterior muscle needle biopsy and sensitive biomolecular methods: a useful tool in myotonic dystrophy type 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Iachettini

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1 is a neuromuscular disorder caused by a CTG repeat expansion in 3’UTR of DMPK gene. This mutation causes accumulation of toxic RNA in nuclear foci leading to splicing misregulation of specific genes. In view of future clinical trials with antisense oligonucleotides in DM1 patients, it is important to set up sensitive and minimally-invasive tools to monitor the efficacy of treatments on skeletal muscle. A tibialis anterior (TA muscle sample of about 60 mg was obtained from 5 DM1 patients and 5 healthy subjects through a needle biopsy. A fragment of about 40 mg was used for histological examination and a fragment of about 20 mg was used for biomolecular analysis. The TA fragments obtained with the minimally-invasive needle biopsy technique is enough to perform all the histopathological and biomolecular evaluations useful to monitor a clinical trial on DM1 patients.

  1. Biopsies

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... News Physician Resources Professions Site Index A-Z Biopsies - Overview A biopsy is the removal of tissue ... What are the limitations of biopsies? What are biopsies? A biopsy is the removal of tissue in ...

  2. Comparison of EUS-guided tissue acquisition using two different 19-gauge core biopsy needles: a multicenter, prospective, randomized, and blinded study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeWitt, John; Cho, Chang-Min; Lin, Jingmei; Al-Haddad, Mohammad; Canto, Marcia Irene; Salamone, Ashley; Hruban, Ralph H; Messallam, Ahmed A; Khashab, Mouen A

    2015-10-01

    The optimal core biopsy needle for endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is unknown. The principle aim of this study is to compare outcomes of EUS-fine-needle biopsy (EUS-FNB) with a new 19-gauge EUS histology needle (ProCore, Cook Medical Inc., Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States) to a conventional 19-gauge Tru-Cut biopsy (EUS-TCB) needle (19G, Quick-Core, Cook Medical Inc.). Patients referred for EUS who require possible histologic biopsy were prospectively randomized to EUS-FNB or EUS-TCB. With the initial needle, ≤ 3 biopsies were obtained until either technical failure or an adequate core was obtained. Patients with suspected inadequate biopsies were crossed over to the other needle and similarly ≤ 3 passes were obtained until adequate cores or technical failure occurred. Technical success, diagnostic histology, accuracy and complication rates were evaluated. Eighty-five patients (mean 58 years; 43 male) were randomized to FNB (n = 44) and TCB (n = 41) with seven patients excluded. Procedure indication, biopsy site, mass size, number of passes, puncture site, overall technical success and adverse events were similar between the two groups. FNB specimens had a higher prevalence of diagnostic histology (85 % vs. 57 %; P = 0.006), accuracy (88 % vs. 62 %; P = 0.02), mean total length (19.4 vs. 4.3 mm; P = 0.001), mean complete portal triads from liver biopsies (10.4 vs. 1.3; P = 0.0004) and required fewer crossover biopsies compared to those of TCB (2 % vs. 65 %; P = 0.0001). Overall technical success and complication rates were comparable. EUS-FNB using a 19-gauge FNB needle is superior to 19-gauge EUS-TCB needle.

  3. [Assessment of amylase and lipase levels following puncture biopsy and fine needle aspiration guided by endoscopic ultrasound in pancreatic lesions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Membrillo-Romero, Alejandro; Gonzalez-Lanzagorta, Rubén; Rascón-Martínez, Dulce María

    Puncture biopsy and fine needle aspiration guided by endoscopic ultrasound has been used as an effective technique and is quickly becoming the procedure of choice for diagnosis and staging in patients suspected of having pancreatic cancer. This procedure has replaced retrograde cholangiopancreatography and brush cytology due to its higher sensitivity for diagnosis, and lower risk of complications. To assess the levels of pancreatic enzymes amylase and lipase, after the puncture biopsy and fine needle aspiration guided by endoscopic ultrasound in pancreatic lesions and the frequency of post-puncture acute pancreatitis. A longitudinal and descriptive study of consecutive cases was performed on outpatients submitted to puncture biopsy and fine needle aspiration guided by endoscopic ultrasound in pancreatic lesions. Levels of pancreatic enzymes such as amylase and lipase were measured before and after the pancreatic puncture. Finally we documented post-puncture pancreatitis cases. A total of 100 patients who had been diagnosed with solid and cystic lesions were included in the study. Significant elevation was found at twice the reference value for lipase in 5 cases (5%) and for amylase in 2 cases (2%), none had clinical symptoms of acute pancreatitis. Eight (8%) of patients presented with mild nonspecific pain with no enzyme elevation compatible with pancreatitis. Pancreatic biopsy needle aspiration guided by endoscopic ultrasound was associated with a low rate of elevated pancreatic enzymes and there were no cases of post-puncture pancreatitis. Copyright © 2016 Academia Mexicana de Cirugía A.C. Publicado por Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  4. Cancer incidence of larger thyroid nodules and the diagnostic value of palpation and ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration biopsy

    OpenAIRE

    Umut Rıza Gündüz; Arif Aslaner; Rojbin Karakoyun Demirci; Hasan Çalış; Osman Zekai Öner; Nurullah Bülbüller

    2014-01-01

    In this prospective study, we aimed to determine the cancer incidence of thyroid nodules larger than 3cm and compare the efficacy of palpation and ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). The study was conducted at General Surgery Departments of Istanbul Okmeydanı and Antalya Training and Research Hospitals of Turkey from March 2008 to December 2011. In our clinics, between the years 2008 and 2011, both palpation and ultrasound guided FNAB were performed in all 55 patients havi...

  5. Adenomyoepithelioma of the breast with hemorrhagic change diagnosed as papiloma on core needle biopsy: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nam, Kyung Sun; Kim, Ji Young; Kim, Soung Hee; Bae, Kyung Eun; Lee, Ji Hae; Kang, Mi Jin; Jeong, Myeong Ja; Kim, Soo Hyun; Kim, Jae Hyung [Dept. of Radiology, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-11-15

    Adenomyoepithelioma (AME) is a rare disease entity that represents biphasic proliferation of ductal epithelial and myoepithelial cells. AME can be confused with other neoplasms including malignancy because AME has various cytologic characteristics and nonspecific radiologic features. We describe an unusual AME with hemorrhagic change that was diagnosed as papilloma on core needle biopsy three times previously. The imaging features of AME are also discussed here.

  6. Image guided versus palpation guided core needle biopsy of palpable breast masses: a prospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smriti Hari

    2016-01-01

    Interpretation & conclusions: Our results showed that in palpable breast masses, image guided biopsy was superior to palpation guided biopsy in terms of sensitivity, false negative rate and repeat biopsy rates.

  7. Core-needle biopsy under CT fluoroscopy guidance and fine-needle aspiration cytology: Comparison of diagnostic yield in the diagnosis of lung and mediastinum tumors. Analysis of frequency and types of complications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szlęzak, Przemysław; Srutek, Ewa; Gorycki, Tomasz; Kowalewski, Janusz; Studniarek, Michał

    2014-01-01

    Patients with pathological tissue mass in thoracic cage found with imaging require histopathological or cytological confirmation of malignancy before treatment. The tissue material essential for patomorphological evaluation can be acquired with fine-needle aspiration biopsies (FNAB) controlled with CT and core-needle biopsy (CNB) under real-time CT fluoroscopy guidance. The purpose of this work is to carry out a retrospective analysis of the two methods with regards to their informativity, frequency and the kind of complications. From January, 2012 to May 2013, 76 core-needle biopsies of lung and mediastinum tumors were conducted and compared with 86 fine-needle aspiration biopsies(FNAB) of lung and mediastinum tumors, including 30 patients who underwent FNAB and were referred to CNB in order to specify the diagnosis. Complete histopathological diagnosis was made in 91% with the use of CNB and in 37% when FNAB was the chosen method. Early complications were observed in 32% patients who underwent BG and in group of 11% who underwent FNAB. Late complications, however, appeared in 29% patients after CNB and 13% after FNAB. In 24 cases CNB specified the complete diagnosis. Core-needle biopsy in comparison to fine-needle aspiration biopsy has more frequent rate of negligible complications, however, it offers higher diagnostic yield for diagnostic of lung and mediastinum neoplastic disease and allows for more precise diagnosis of focal lesions.

  8. Prospective Study for Comparison of Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Tissue Acquisition Using 25- and 22-Gauge Core Biopsy Needles in Solid Pancreatic Masses.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Se Woo Park

    Full Text Available Although thicker needles theoretically allow more tissue to be collected, their decreased flexibility can cause mechanical damage to the endoscope, technical failure, and sample blood contamination. The effects of needle gauge on diagnostic outcomes of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle biopsy (EUS-FNB of pancreatic mass lesions remain unknown. This study compared procurement rates of histologic cores obtained from EUS-FNB of pancreatic masses using 25- and 22-gauge core biopsy needles.From March 2014 to July 2014, 66 patients with solid pancreatic mass underwent EUS-FNB with both 25- and 22-gauge core biopsy needles. Among them, 10 patients were excluded and thus 56 patients were eligible for the analyses. Needle sequences were randomly assigned, and two passes were made with each needle, consisting of 10 uniform to-and-fro movements on each pass with 10 mL syringe suction. A pathologist blinded to needle sequence evaluated specimens for the presence of histologic core.The mean patient age was 65.8 ± 9.5 years (range, 44-89 years; 35 patients (62.5% were men. The mean pancreatic mass size was 35.3 ± 17.1 mm (range 14-122.3 mm. Twenty-eight patients (50% had tumors at the pancreas head or uncinate process. There were no significant differences in procurement rates of histologic cores between 25-gauge (49/56, 87.5% and 22-gauge (46/56, 82.1%, P = 0.581 needles or diagnostic accuracy using only histologic cores (98% and 95%. There were no technical failures or procedure-related adverse events.The 25-gauge core biopsy needle could offer acceptable and comparable outcomes regarding diagnostic performance including histologic core procurement rates compared to the 22-gauge core biopsy needle, although the differences were not statistically significant.ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01795066.

  9. Recurrence of breast carcinoma as Paget disease of the skin at a prior core needle biopsy site: Case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherina Zabicki Calvillo

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: Although recurrence in a needle track occurs very infrequently, clinicians should be aware of this phenomenon and investigate any changes, particularly when occurring at a needle biopsy site. Recording the skin puncture site can aid in early detection of recurrences. Recognition of a recurrence is important for prompt treatment and optimal prognosis.

  10. Quantitative Proteomic Analysis of Optimal Cutting Temperature (OCT) Embedded Core-Needle Biopsy of Lung Cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Xiaozheng; Huffman, Kenneth E; Fujimoto, Junya; Canales, Jamie Rodriguez; Girard, Luc; Nie, Guangjun; Heymach, John V; Wistuba, Igacio I; Minna, John D; Yu, Yonghao

    2017-10-01

    With recent advances in understanding the genomic underpinnings and oncogenic drivers of pathogenesis in different subtypes, it is increasingly clear that proper pretreatment diagnostics are essential for the choice of appropriate treatment options for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Tumor tissue preservation in optimal cutting temperature (OCT) compound is commonly used in the surgical suite. However, proteins recovered from OCT-embedded specimens pose a challenge for LC-MS/MS experiments, due to the large amounts of polymers present in OCT. Here we present a simple workflow for whole proteome analysis of OCT-embedded NSCLC tissue samples, which involves a simple trichloroacetic acid precipitation step. Comparisons of protein recovery between frozen versus OCT-embedded tissue showed excellent consistency with more than 9200 proteins identified. Using an isobaric labeling strategy, we quantified more than 5400 proteins in tumor versus normal OCT-embedded core needle biopsy samples. Gene ontology analysis indicated that a number of proliferative as well as squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC) marker proteins were overexpressed in the tumor, consistent with the patient's pathology based diagnosis of "poorly differentiated SqCC". Among the most downregulated proteins in the tumor sample, we noted a number of proteins with potential immunomodulatory functions. Finally, interrogation of the aberrantly expressed proteins using a candidate approach and cross-referencing with publicly available databases led to the identification of potential druggable targets in DNA replication and DNA damage repair pathways. We conclude that our approach allows LC-MS/MS proteomic analyses on OCT-embedded lung cancer specimens, opening the way to bring powerful proteomics into the clinic. Graphical Abstract ᅟ.

  11. Digital PCR Improves Mutation Analysis in Pancreas Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy Specimens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sho, Shonan; Court, Colin M; Kim, Stephen; Braxton, David R; Hou, Shuang; Muthusamy, V Raman; Watson, Rabindra R; Sedarat, Alireza; Tseng, Hsian-Rong; Tomlinson, James S

    2017-01-01

    Applications of precision oncology strategies rely on accurate tumor genotyping from clinically available specimens. Fine needle aspirations (FNA) are frequently obtained in cancer management and often represent the only source of tumor tissues for patients with metastatic or locally advanced diseases. However, FNAs obtained from pancreas ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) are often limited in cellularity and/or tumor cell purity, precluding accurate tumor genotyping in many cases. Digital PCR (dPCR) is a technology with exceptional sensitivity and low DNA template requirement, characteristics that are necessary for analyzing PDAC FNA samples. In the current study, we sought to evaluate dPCR as a mutation analysis tool for pancreas FNA specimens. To this end, we analyzed alterations in the KRAS gene in pancreas FNAs using dPCR. The sensitivity of dPCR mutation analysis was first determined using serial dilution cell spiking studies. Single-cell laser-microdissection (LMD) was then utilized to identify the minimal number of tumor cells needed for mutation detection. Lastly, dPCR mutation analysis was performed on 44 pancreas FNAs (34 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) and 10 fresh (non-fixed)), including samples highly limited in cellularity (100 cells) and tumor cell purity (1%). We found dPCR to detect mutations with allele frequencies as low as 0.17%. Additionally, a single tumor cell could be detected within an abundance of normal cells. Using clinical FNA samples, dPCR mutation analysis was successful in all preoperative FNA biopsies tested, and its accuracy was confirmed via comparison with resected tumor specimens. Moreover, dPCR revealed additional KRAS mutations representing minor subclones within a tumor that were not detected by the current clinical gold standard method of Sanger sequencing. In conclusion, dPCR performs sensitive and accurate mutation analysis in pancreas FNAs, detecting not only the dominant mutation subtype, but also the additional rare

  12. Quantitative Proteomic Analysis of Optimal Cutting Temperature (OCT) Embedded Core-Needle Biopsy of Lung Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Xiaozheng; Huffman, Kenneth E.; Fujimoto, Junya; Canales, Jamie Rodriguez; Girard, Luc; Nie, Guangjun; Heymach, John V.; Wistuba, Igacio I.; Minna, John D.; Yu, Yonghao

    2017-10-01

    With recent advances in understanding the genomic underpinnings and oncogenic drivers of pathogenesis in different subtypes, it is increasingly clear that proper pretreatment diagnostics are essential for the choice of appropriate treatment options for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Tumor tissue preservation in optimal cutting temperature (OCT) compound is commonly used in the surgical suite. However, proteins recovered from OCT-embedded specimens pose a challenge for LC-MS/MS experiments, due to the large amounts of polymers present in OCT. Here we present a simple workflow for whole proteome analysis of OCT-embedded NSCLC tissue samples, which involves a simple trichloroacetic acid precipitation step. Comparisons of protein recovery between frozen versus OCT-embedded tissue showed excellent consistency with more than 9200 proteins identified. Using an isobaric labeling strategy, we quantified more than 5400 proteins in tumor versus normal OCT-embedded core needle biopsy samples. Gene ontology analysis indicated that a number of proliferative as well as squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC) marker proteins were overexpressed in the tumor, consistent with the patient's pathology based diagnosis of "poorly differentiated SqCC". Among the most downregulated proteins in the tumor sample, we noted a number of proteins with potential immunomodulatory functions. Finally, interrogation of the aberrantly expressed proteins using a candidate approach and cross-referencing with publicly available databases led to the identification of potential druggable targets in DNA replication and DNA damage repair pathways. We conclude that our approach allows LC-MS/MS proteomic analyses on OCT-embedded lung cancer specimens, opening the way to bring powerful proteomics into the clinic. [Figure not available: see fulltext.

  13. Diagnostic performance of core needle biopsy in identifying breast phyllodes tumors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Zhi-Rui; Wang, Chen-Chen; Sun, Xiang-Jie; Yang, Zhao-Zhi

    2016-01-01

    Background A retrospective analysis of diagnoses was performed in patients with phyllodes tumors of the breast (PTB) who received preoperative core needle biopsy (CNB) and had breast surgery at Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center from January 1, 2002 to April 1, 2013. The resulting data allowed us to compare the accordance between CNB and excision diagnoses of PTB patients and evaluate the accuracy of CNB in preoperative diagnosis. Methods Data from 128 patients with PTB who had undergone preoperative CNB and breast surgery were retrospectively analyzed. We reviewed the medical history, clinical follow-up data, and CNB diagnostic data. A diagnostic test was used to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of CNB in diagnosing benign, borderline, and malignant phyllodes tumors. Results The accuracy of CNB for diagnosing PTB was 13.3% (17/128). Of the remaining patients, 98 (75.5% of the PTB patients) were diagnosed with fibroadenoma or fibroepithelial lesions. The sensitivity of CNB at diagnosing benign, borderline, and malignant phyllodes tumors were 4.9% (2/41), 4.2% (3/71), and 25.0% (4/16), respectively, whereas the corresponding specificity were 92.0%, 98.2%, and 100%, respectively. Some clinical features, such as large tumor size, rapid growth, or surgical history of fibroadenomas, were indicative of an increased possibility of PTB. Conclusions CNB provides a pathological basis for the preoperative diagnosis of PTB, but it has a poor accuracy and offers limited guidance for surgical decisions. Considering CNB along with multiple histologic features may improve the ability to accurately diagnose PTB. An integrated assessment using CNBs in combination with clinical data and imaging features is suggested as a reliable strategy to assist PTB diagnosis. PMID:28066593

  14. Image guided versus palpation guided core needle biopsy of palpable breast masses: a prospective study

    OpenAIRE

    Smriti Hari; Swati Kumari; Anurag Srivastava; Sanjay Thulkar; Sandeep Mathur; Prasad Thotton Veedu

    2016-01-01

    Background & objectives: Biopsy of palpable breast masses can be performed manually by palpation guidance or under imaging guidance. Based on retrospective studies, image guided biopsy is considered more accurate than palpation guided breast biopsy; however, these techniques have not been compared prospectively. We conducted this prospective study to verify the superiority and determine the size of beneficial effect of image guided biopsy over palpation guided biopsy. Methods: Over a period o...

  15. Frequency of argyrophilic nucleolar organizer regions in fine-needle aspirates and biopsy specimens from mast cell tumors in dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kravis, L D; Vail, D M; Kisseberth, W C; Ogilvie, G K; Volk, L M

    1996-10-15

    To determine for mast cell tumors in dogs whether frequency of argyrophilic nucleolar organizer regions (AgNOR) determined by examining fine-needle aspirates (FNA) correlated with frequencies determined by examining biopsy specimens or with histologic grade. Case series. 25 dogs with 32 histologically confirmed tumors. Biopsy specimens and FNA were collected from each tumor. Histologic grade and AgNOR frequency were determined. Frequency of AgNOR in FNA was significantly correlated with frequency in biopsy specimens and was significantly associated with histologic grade of the tumor. Determining AgNOR frequency in FNA of mast cell tumors in dogs is a rapid, minimally invasive means of obtaining information that potentially could be used to help predict biological behavior of the tumor and to guide clinicians and owners in making decisions about further diagnostic tests and treatment.

  16. Workflow assessment of 3T MRI-guided transperineal targeted prostate biopsy using a robotic needle guidance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Sang-Eun; Tuncali, Kemal; Tokuda, Junichi; Fedorov, Andriy; Penzkofer, Tobias; Fennessy, Fiona; Tempany, Clare; Yoshimitsu, Kitaro; Magill, John; Hata, Nobuhiko

    2014-03-01

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) guided transperineal targeted prostate biopsy has become a valuable instrument for detection of prostate cancer in patients with continuing suspicion for aggressive cancer after transrectal ultrasound guided (TRUS) guided biopsy. The MRI-guided procedures are performed using mechanical targeting devices or templates, which suffer from limitations of spatial sampling resolution and/or manual in-bore adjustments. To overcome these limitations, we developed and clinically deployed an MRI-compatible piezoceramic-motor actuated needle guidance device, Smart Template, which allows automated needle guidance with high targeting resolution for use in a wide closed-bore 3-Tesla MRI scanner. One of the main limitations of the MRI-guided procedure is the lengthy procedure time compared to conventional TRUS-guided procedures. In order to optimize the procedure, we assessed workflow of 30 MRI-guided biopsy procedures using the Smart Template with focus on procedure time. An average of 3.4 (range: 2~6) targets were preprocedurally selected per procedure and 2.2 ± 0.8 biopsies were performed for each target with an average insertion attempt of 1.9 ± 0.7 per biopsy. The average technical preparation time was 14 ± 7 min and the in-MRI patient preparation time was 42 ± 7 min. After 21 ± 7 min of initial imaging, 64 ± 12 min of biopsy was performed yielding an average of 10 ± 2 min per tissue sample. The total procedure time occupying the MRI suite was 138 ± 16 min. No noticeable tendency in the length of any time segment was observed over the 30 clinical cases.

  17. Is Needle Biopsy Clinically Useful in Preoperative Grading of Central Chondrosarcoma of the Pelvis and Long Bones?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roitman, Pablo D; Farfalli, Germán L; Ayerza, Miguel A; Múscolo, D Luis; Milano, Federico E; Aponte-Tinao, Luis A

    2017-03-01

    Central chondrosarcoma of bone is graded on a scale of 1 to 3 according to histological criteria. Clinically, these tumors can be divided into low-grade (Grade 1) and high-grade (Grade 2, Grade 3, and dedifferentiated) chondrosarcomas. Although en bloc resection has been the most widely used treatment, it has become generally accepted that in selected patients with low-grade chondrosarcomas of long bones, curettage is safe and effective. This approach requires an accurate preoperative estimation of grade to avoid under- or overtreatment, but prior reports have indicated that both imaging and biopsy do not always give an accurate prediction of grade. (1) What is the concordance of image-guided needle preoperative biopsy and postoperative grading in central (intramedullary) chondrosarcomas of long bones, and how does this compare with the concordance of image-guided needle preoperative biopsy and postoperative grading in central pelvic chondrosarcomas? (2) What is the concordance of preoperative image-guided needle biopsy and postoperative findings in differentiating low-grade from high-grade central chondrosarcomas of long bones, and how does this compare with the concordance in central pelvic chondrosarcomas? Between 1997 and 2014, in our institution, we treated 126 patients for central chondrosarcomas located in long bones and the pelvis. Of these 126 cases, 41 were located in the pelvis and the remaining 85 cases were located in long bones. This study considers 39 (95%) and 40 (47%) of them, respectively. We included all cases in which histological information was complete regarding preoperative and postoperative tumor grading. We excluded all cases with incomplete data sets or nondiagnostic preoperative biopsies. To evaluate the needle biopsy accuracy, we compared the histological tumor grade, obtained from the preoperative biopsy, with the final histological grade obtained from the postoperative surgical specimen. The weighted and nonweighted kappa statistics

  18. The reliability of histological grade in breast cancer core needle biopsies depends on biopsy size: a comparative study with subsequent surgical excisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Focke, Cornelia M; Decker, Thomas; van Diest, Paul J

    2016-12-01

    In breast cancer patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy, histological grading needs to be performed on core needle biopsies (CNBs) that may not be representative of the whole tumour when they are small. Our aim was to study the influence of biopsy size on agreement rates for histological grade between CNBs and subsequent surgical excision biopsies (SEBs). We calculated agreement and Cohen's κ between CNBs and SEBs of 300 early-stage breast cancers. The number of cores, total core length, total tumour length and tumour/tissue ratio were assessed for each CNB set. Agreement rates for grade were calculated for different classes of core number and tumour/tissue ratio, and for total core lengths and tumour lengths per CNB set in 5-15-mm intervals. Agreement on grade between CNBs and SEBs was 73% (κ = 0.59), with underestimation of grade in CNBs in 26% of cases and overestimation in 1% of cases. There was significantly higher concordance between CNBs and SEBs at a total core length of ≥50 mm than at a total core length of cores than at fewer than three cores (75% versus 58% agreement, P = 0.048). The tumour/tissue ratio, pathological tumour size and radiological tumour size were not statistically different between concordant and discordant cases. Agreement rates for histological grade in CNBs versus SEBs improve with increasing biopsy sample size. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  19. An evaluation of the diagnostic efficacy of fine needle aspiration biopsy in patients operated for a thyroid nodular goiter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janczak D

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Dariusz Janczak,1,2 Wiktor Pawlowski,1 Tadeusz Dorobisz,1,3 Dawid Janczak,4 Karolina Dorobisz,5 Michal Lesniak,1 Agnieszka Ziomek,1 Mariusz Chabowski1,2 1Department of Surgery, 4th Military Teaching Hospital, 2Department of Clinical Nursing, Division of Nursing in Surgical Procedures, 3Department of Clinical Basics of Physiotherapy, 4Department of Palliative Care Nursing, Faculty of Health Science, 5Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland Background: Thyroid cancer (TC comprises 1% of all carcinomas and is the most common malignancy of the endocrine system. The disease is more common in women, with its peak morbidity observed in 40–50-year-old patients. The main risk factors include radiation, iodine deficiency, hereditary background, and genetic mutations. Among all diagnosed thyroid nodules, 5%–30% will evolve into cancer. The gold-standard procedure in the preoperative evaluation of a nodular goiter, apart from ultrasonography, is fine needle aspiration (FNA biopsy. The FNA biopsy is favored for its simplicity, safety, and high specificity and sensitivity rates. Aim: The aim of our study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of FNA based on the patients’ register. Materials and methods: In the Department of Surgery at the 4th Military Teaching Hospital in Wroclaw, 2,133 patients underwent thyroid surgery for thyroid goiter between 1996 and 2015. One hundred and eight cases of TC were diagnosed and of these, 66 patients had a preoperative FNA. Results: Fourteen FNA biopsies (21% revealed cancer, all of which were confirmed in the postoperative histopathology, although six cases of FNA-diagnosed cancer revealed a different histological type postoperatively. Eighteen FNA biopsies (27% were suspected of being malignant. A disturbingly high rate of “benign” FNA biopsies (32 cases; 48% revealed TC after surgery. Conclusion: It is of great importance that the quality and quantity of

  20. Can We Predict Phyllodes Tumor among Fibroepithelial Lesions with Cellular Stroma Diagnosed at Breast Core Needle Biopsy?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Hae Kyoung; Ko, Kyung Hee; Rho, Ji Young [Dept. of Radiology, CHA University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Moon, Hee Jung; Kim, Eun Kyung; Kim, Min Jung; Park, Byeong Woo [Dept. of Radiology, Yensei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-06-15

    To evaluate the surgical outcomes of fibroepithelial lesion with cellular stroma (FELCS) diagnosed at sonography guided core needle biopsy of breast masses, and to determine whether the clinical and imaging features of this lesion could predict the presence of a phyllodes tumor. We retrospectively reviewed the pathologic results of sonography guided core needle biopsy of solid breast masses. A total of 55 FELCS diagnosed with this procedure that underwent subsequent surgical excision were included in this study; their medical records and radiologic images were retrospectively reviewed. The results of the surgical excision revealed 22 (40%) phyllodes tumors and 33 (60%) non-phyllodes tumors: 30 (54.6%) fibroadenomas, 1 (1.8%) adenosis, 1 (1.8%) fibrocystic changes and 1 (1.8%) fibroadenomatous hyperplasia. Lesion size and patient age were significantly different between phyllodes tumors and nonphyllodes tumors groups (32.2 {+-} 14.07 mm/22.4 {+-} 13.64 mm, p=0.0078, 43.5 {+-} 11.60 years/36.5 {+-} 10.25 years, p=0.0207). Among the sonographic features, only cleft was significantly more visible in phyllodes tumors than in non-phyllodes tumors (n=14 (70%)/n=6 (30%), p=0.0016). The size of the lesions, the age of the patients, and the sonographic features of cleft were the significant helpful variables to predict phyllodes tumors among FELCS diagnosed at breast core biopsy.

  1. Accuracy of Grading Gleason Score 7 Prostatic Adenocarcinoma on Needle Biopsy: Influence of Percent Pattern 4 and Other Histological Factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meliti, Abdelrazak; Sadimin, Evita; Diolombi, Mario; Khani, Francesca; Epstein, Jonathan I

    2017-05-01

    Recognition of Gleason pattern 4 in prostatic needle biopsies is crucial for both prognosis and therapy. Recently, it has been recommended to record percent pattern 4 when Gleason score 7 cancer is the highest grade in a case. Four hundred and five prostate needle core biopsies received for a second opinion at our institution from February-June, 2015 were prospectively diagnosed with prostatic adenocarcinoma Gleason score 7 as the highest score on review by a consultant urological pathologist. Percentage of core involvement by cancer, percentage of Gleason pattern 4 per core, distribution of Gleason pattern 4 (clustered, scattered), morphology of pattern 4 (cribriform, non-cribriform), and whether the cancer was continuous or discontinuous were recorded. Better agreement was noted between the consultant and referring pathologists when pattern 4 was clustered as opposed to dispersed in biopsies (P = 0.009). The percentage of core involvement by cancer, morphology of pattern 4, and continuity of cancer did not affect the agreement between the consultant and referring pathologists. There was a trend (P = 0.06) for better agreement based on the percent of pattern 4. When pattern 4 is scattered amongst pattern 3 as opposed to being discrete foci, there is less interobserver reproducibility in grading Gleason score 7 cancer, and in this setting pathologists should consider obtaining second opinions either internally within their group or externally. Prostate 77: 681-685, 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  2. [Comparison of touch imprint cytology of core needle biopsy and section histopathology in breast cancer diagnosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Zhi-Hui; Zhao, Lin-Lin; Guo, Hui-Qin; Zheng, Shan; Zhang, Bai-Lin; Xu, Xiao-Zhou; Pan, Qin-Jing; Zhang, Bao-Ning

    2010-12-01

    To evaluate the sensitivity, specificity of touch imprint cytology (TIC), and to compare its conformity rate with histopathology, to observe the consistence of immunocytochemistry (ICC) with immunohistochemistry (IHC), and to assess the diagnostic value of TIC prior to neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer. 289 cases of TIC and 287 cases with core needle biopsy (CNB) histopathology accumulated from October 2005 to October 2008 in our hospital were included in this study. One hundred ninety cases TIC results were compared with that of final histopathology. 64 cases were tested for ER, PR, HER-2 by immunocytochemistry. Twenty-four benign cases and 263 malignant cases were diagnosed. 4 specimens were unsatisfactory. False negative rate and unsatisfactory rate were 1.4%, both, and false positive rate was 0.35%. The accuracy rate of TIC and CNB was 95.8% and 95.3%, respectively (P = 0.804). The sensitivity of TIC and CNB was 96.2% and 95.0% (P = 0.601), specificity 87.5% and 100% (P = 0.471) were found, when compared with the results of routine histopathology. 52 cases had a control with IHC of CNB in 64 ICC, and 43 cases had a final histopathology IHC. The ICC conformity rate of ER, PR, HER-2 with IHC of CNB was 86.5%, 75.0%, 78.8%, and that with IHC of final histopathology was 88.4%, 74.4%, 75.6%, respectively. The conformity rate of IHC between CNB and final histopathology was 83.7%, 74.4%, 76.5%, respectively. There was no significant statistical difference between them. Compared with routine CNB histopathology, TIC has a high accuracy and sensitivity, and can provide a rapid and reliable cytological diagnosis to complement CNB for breast lesions. The conformity rates are high in ER, PR, HER-2 expression between ICC and IHC. ICC of TIC can be used to determine the estrogen and progesterone receptor levels in breast cancer before neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

  3. Immunohistochemical staining for thyroid peroxidase (TPO) of needle core biopsies in the diagnosis of scintigraphically cold thyroid nodules

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yousaf, U.; Christensen, Lars Høj; Rasmussen, A.K.

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Cold thyroid nodules are common, in particular in iodine-deficient areas, but only a minority of them are malignant requiring surgery. Thyroid peroxidase (TPO) immunostaining of fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) material has proven helpful in diagnosing cells from malignant lesions......, but the procedure has its limitations in a routine setting. PURPOSE: To improve diagnosis and reduce surgery rate, the FNAC procedure was replaced by needle core biopsy (NCB), which was routinely stained for TPO by the monoclonal antibody mAb 47. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During a 5-year period 427 consecutive...... patients with a cold thyroid nodule were evaluated by ultrasound-guided NCB, which had been routinely stained for TPO in an automated immunostainer. Sensitivity and specificity and predictive values of the TPO immunostaining were estimated, based on the final diagnosis obtained from surgical resection...

  4. Ultrasound guided pleural biopsy in undiagnosed exudative pleural effusion patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adel S. Ahmed

    2016-04-01

    In conclusion: Thoracic ultrasound (TUS guided pleural biopsy had a diagnostic yield which was slightly lower but comparable to both CT guided pleural biopsy and medical thoracoscopic pleural biopsy (MT.

  5. Magnetic resonance imaging assisted with fine needle aspiration biopsy in the diagnosis of fibrosarcomas of the skull in dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhalniarovich, Y; Adamiak, Z; Przyborowska, P; Otrocka-Domagała, D

    2013-01-01

    Five canine patients were directed to low-field magnetic resonance imaging due to different neurological defects. In each case there were heterogeneous extraaxial masses covering left or right dorsal parietal and occipital lobes that were isointense to the brain on T1-weighted Spin Echo images, isointense to hypointense to the brain on T2-weighted Fast Spin Echo sequences and hypointense to the brain on Flair sequence. After MRI study fine needle aspiration biopsy of the tumors was performed. On the basis of the cytological examination fibrosarcomas with of moderate malignancy were diagnosed.

  6. A Diagnosis of Inflammatory Pseudotumor of the Liver by Contrast Enhaced Ultrasound and Fine-Needle Biopsy: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annamaria Gesualdo

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT of the liver is a rare, benign lesion of unclear etiology, which may be misdiagnosed as hepatocellular carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma, secondary tumor or abscess, because of its non-specific clinical, biochemical and radiologic findings. We present the case of a 48-old-year male in whom diagnosis of liver IPT was suspected by contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS and confirmed by fine-needle liver biopsy. The diagnosis is in contrast to most of the literature reports in which the diagnosis was made only based on a surgical specimen.

  7. Practical guidelines for ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy of soft-tissue lesions: Transformation from beginner to specialist

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Sang Yoon; Chung, Hye Won; Oh, Tack Sun; Lee, Jong Seok [University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2017-04-15

    Ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy (US-CNB) is an important step in the diagnosis of musculoskeletal soft-tissue lesions. To maximize efficacy and minimize the complications of US-CNB, it is critical to collaborate with a multidisciplinary team and to understand the particular considerations of US-CNB for these lesions. The purpose of this article is to provide a systematic review and step-by-step tips for using US-CNB to diagnose musculoskeletal soft-tissue lesions.

  8. Fatal mediastinal biopsy: How interventional radiology saves the day

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y Yaacob

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This was a case of a 35-year-old man with mediastinal mass requiring computed tomography (CT-guided biopsy for tissue diagnosis. A posterior approach with an 18-gauge biopsy needle was used to obtain tissue sample. Post biopsy, patient condition deteriorated and multiphase CT study detected active bleeding in arterial phase at the biopsy site with massive hemothorax. Subsequent angiography showed arterial bleeder arising from the apical branch of the right pulmonary artery. Selective endovascular embolization with NBCA (n-Butyl cyanoacrylate was successful. Patient survived the complication. The case highlighted a rare complication in a common radiology procedure and the value of the interventional radiology unit in avoiding a fatal outcome.

  9. RADIOLOGICAL TIPS CT-guided biopsy of suspected malignancy: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    [1,10] In severe cases, arrhythmias, stroke, heart failure, pulmonary oedema, Raynaud's phenomenon and metabolic acidosis may be present.[2-4,7] In up to 40% of cases, however, these tumours are asymptomatic and discovered incidentally during the course of investigation for an unrelated condition.[2-4,6] If clinically.

  10. CT-guided biopsy of suspected malignancy: A potential pitfall ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Paragangliomas are rare catecholamine-secreting neuro-endocrine tumours that can arise from sympathetic or parasympathetic tissue. Any manipulation of these tumours, without appropriate medical therapy, can result in excess catecholamine release leading to a catecholamine crisis. Neuro-endocrine tumours must be ...

  11. Can EGFR mutation status be reliably determined in pre-operative needle biopsies from adenocarcinomas of the lung?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindahl, Kim Hein; Sørensen, Flemming Brandt; Jonstrup, Søren Peter

    2015-01-01

    of the tumour volume. The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of this molecular test. We retrospectively included 201 patients with primary adenocarcinoma of the lung. EGFR mutation status (exon 19 deletions and exon 21 L858R point mutation) was evaluated on both pre......The identification of EGFR mutations in non-small-cell lung cancer is important for selecting patients, who may benefit from treatment with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors. The analysis is usually performed on cytological aspirates and/or histological needle biopsies, representing a small fraction......-operative biopsies (131 histological and 70 cytological) and on the surgical specimens, using PCR. Samples with low tumour cell fraction were assigned to laser micro-dissection (LMD). We found nine (4.5%) patients with EGFR mutation in the lung tumour resections, but failed to identify mutation in one...

  12. A comparative analysis of core needle biopsy and fine-needle aspiration cytology in the evaluation of palpable and mammographically detected suspicious breast lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garg, Shailja; Mohan, Harsh; Bal, Amanjit; Attri, A K; Kochhar, Suman

    2007-11-01

    The present study was undertaken to compare the efficacy of needle core biopsy (NCB) of the breast with fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in breast lesions (palpable and non-palpable) in the Indian set-up, along with the assessment of tumor grading with both the techniques. Fifty patients with suspicious breast lesions were subjected to simultaneous FNAC and ultrasound-guided NCB following an initial mammographic evaluation. Cases were categorized into benign, benign with atypia, suspicious and malignant groups. In cases of infiltrating duct carcinomas, grading was performed on cytological smears as well as on NCB specimens. Both the techniques were compared, and findings were correlated with radiological and excision findings. Out of 50 cases, 18 were found to be benign and 32 malignant on final pathological diagnosis. Maximum number of patients with benign diagnosis was in the fourth decade (42.11%) and malignant diagnosis in the fourth as well as fifth decade (35.48% each). Sensitivity and specificity of mammography for the diagnosis of malignancy was 84.37% and 83.33%, respectively. Sensitivity and specificity of FNAC for malignant diagnosis was 78.15% and 94.44%, respectively, and of NCB was 96.5% and 100%, respectively. But NCB had a slightly higher specimen inadequacy rate (8%). NCB improved diagnostic categorization over FNAC by 18%. Tumor grading in cases of IDC showed high concordance rate between NCB and subsequent excision biopsy (94.44%) but low concordance rate between NCB and FNAC (59.1%). NCB is superior to FNAC in the diagnosis of breast lesions in terms of sensitivity, specificity, correct histological categorization of the lesions as well as tumor grading. (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  13. Ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy of superficial lymph nodes: an alternative to fine-needle aspiration cytology for the diagnosis of lymph node metastasis in cutaneous melanoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohelay, Gérôme; Battistella, Maxime; Pagès, Cécile; de Margerie-Mellon, Constance; Basset-Seguin, Nicole; Viguier, Manuelle; Kerob, Delphine; Madjlessi, Nika; Baccard, Michel; Archimbaud, Alain; Comte, Christelle; Mourah, Samia; Porcher, Raphael; Bagot, Martine; Janin, Anne; De Kerviler, Eric; Lebbé, Céleste

    2015-12-01

    To investigate the diagnostic value of ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy (US-CNB) in suspected cases of lymph node metastasis from cutaneous melanoma. All patients with cutaneous melanoma followed in Saint-Louis Hospital between 2006 and 2010 who underwent US-CNB for suspicion of melanoma lymph node metastasis were reviewed retrospectively. Histopathological results of US-CNB samples were classified as melanoma, other malignancy, suspicious, inadequate, or benign. The diagnostic accuracy of US-CNB was assessed by comparison with two reference standards: histopathological examination of the radical lymph node dissection or, when this was not available, clinical and radiological follow-up. The data from 72 US-CNB were analyzed. Forty-four melanomas, 22 benign, three other malignancies, three inadequate samples, and no inconclusive specimens were diagnosed. Seventy-one US-CNB results were confirmed (98.6%). US-CNB achieved high sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value (respectively, 97.9, 100, and 100%). No adverse events were reported after the procedure. US-CNB provided a mean tissue volume of 16.7 mm per lymphadenopathy. US-CNB has diagnostic value similar to that of fine-needle aspiration cytology. It represents a reliable alternative method in melanoma lymph node metastasis to avoid surgery in patients who will not benefit from it. US-CNB provides relatively large samples of tissue suitable for comprehensive genomic analyses currently needed for research and personalized care of melanoma patients.

  14. A Randomised Clinical Trial to Compare Coaxial and Noncoaxial Techniques in Percutaneous Core Needle Biopsy of Renal Parenchyma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Babaei Jandaghi, Ali [Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Department of Radiology, Poursina Hospital (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Lebady, Mohammadkazem; Zamani, Athar-Alsadat [Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Urology Research Center, Razi Hospital (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Heidarzadeh, Abtin [Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Department of Community Medicine (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Monfared, Ali [Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Urology Research Center, Razi Hospital (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Pourghorban, Ramin, E-mail: ramin-p2005@yahoo.com [Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Department of Radiology, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2017-01-15

    PurposeTo compare the coaxial and noncoaxial techniques of renal parenchymal core needle biopsy.Materials and MethodsThis is an institutional review board-approved randomised controlled trial comparing 83 patients (male, n = 49) who underwent renal parenchymal core biopsy with coaxial method and 83 patients (male, n = 40) with noncoaxial method. The rate of complications, the number of glomerular profiles, and the procedural time were evaluated in a comparison of the two methods. Correlation between the presence of renal parenchymal disease and the rate of complication was also evaluated.ResultsThe procedural time was significantly shorter in the coaxial technique (coaxial group, 5 ± 1 min; noncoaxial group, 14 ± 2 min; p < 0.001). The rates of complications for the coaxial method was significantly lower than the noncoaxial method (coaxial group, 10.8 %; noncoaxial group, 24.1 %; p = 0.025). There was no significant correlation between gender and the rate of complication. The number of glomerular profiles was significantly higher in patents who underwent renal biopsy with the coaxial method (coaxial group, 18.2 ± 9.1; noncoaxial group, 8.6 ± 5.5; p < 0.001). In the whole study population, the rate of complications was significantly higher in patients with a pathologic renal parenchyma compared to those with a normal parenchyma (19/71 vs. 10/95; p = 0.006).ConclusionsRenal parenchymal biopsy using a coaxial needle is a faster and safer method with a lower rate of complications.

  15. Advantages of stereotaxic needle biopsy of brain tumor using interventional magnetic resonance imaging. Report of 12 cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Terao, Tohru; Hashimoto, Takuo; Koyama, Tsutomu; Takahashi, Koichi; Harada, Junta [Jikei Univ., Chiba (Japan). Kashiwa Hospital; Abe, Toshiaki

    1998-12-01

    Interventional MRI, an advanced neuroimaging system, was used to perform stereotaxic needle biopsy of brain tissue (AIRIS, 0.3 Tesla, Hitachi) in 12 patients (9 males, 3 females) with intraparenchymal abnormal lesions. This system permits accurate and safe biopsy of brain tissue in real time. Patient ages ranged from 31 to 79 years (mean 61.5 years). We evaluated the abnormal lesion and dominant hemisphere of these patients preoperatively by using CT, MRI and cerebral angiography. Lesions were located in the left frontal lobe in 3 cases, the right frontal lobe in 1 case, the left temporal lobe in 1 case, the right temporal lobe in 1 case, the left parietal lobe in 2 cases, the right parietal lobe in 1 case, the left occipital lobe in 1 case, the bilateral basal ganglia in 1 case and the corpus callosum in 1 case. The sampling points were in the dominant hemisphere in 7 cases and in the non-dominant hemisphere in 5 cases. The diagnosis based on stereotaxic needle biopsy using this system were 4 gliomas, 1 brain abscess, 1 metastatic brain tumor, 1 granuloma, 2 cerebral infarctions, 2 malignant lymphomas and 1 normal brain tissue. Success rate of biopsy for our 12 cases using this system was 91.7%. Brain hemorrhage was a complication in 1 case but there was no case of meningitis or convulsion. This method is useful in patients with inoperable lesions, including deep lesion or lesions in the brainstem diencephalon or dominant hemisphere, in patients with serious complications, and in geriatric patients. In the future, this MRI system may be applied to minimally invasive therapies such as tumor ablation, cryosurgery, chemoablation, and ventrolateral thalamotomy for parkinsonism. (author)

  16. Comparison of palpation-versus ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsies in the evaluation of thyroid nodules

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peker Kamil

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of this study was to compare the results of palpation-versus ultrasound-guided thyroid fine-needle aspiration (FNA biopsies. Findings Clinical data, cytology and histopathology results were retrospectively analyzed on all patients who underwent thyroid FNA biopsy in our outpatient endocrinology clinic between January 1998 and April 2003. The same investigators performed all thyroid FNAs (ASC and cytological evaluations (KP. Subjects in the ultrasound-guided group were older, otherwise there were no differences in baseline characteristics (gender, thyroid function, the frequency of multinodular goiter, nodule diameter and nodule location between groups. Cytology results in nodules aspirated by palpation (n = 202 versus ultrasound guidance (n = 184 were as follows: malignant 2.0% versus 2.7% (p = 0.74, benign 69.8% versus 79.9% (p = 0.02, indeterminate 1.0% versus 4.9% (p = 0.02, inadequate 27.2% versus 12.5% (p Conclusion We demonstrate that ultrasound guidance for thyroid FNA significantly decreases inadequate for evaluation category. We also confirm the high sensitivity and specificity of thyroid FNA biopsy in the diagnosis of thyroid cancer. Where available, we recommend universal application of ultrasound guidance for thyroid FNA biopsy as a standard component of this diagnostic technique.

  17. CT-guided injection for ganglion impar blockade: a radiological approach to the management of coccydynia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Datir, A., E-mail: apdatir@gmail.co [Jackson Memorial Hospital, Miami, FL (United States); Connell, D. [Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, Stanmore, Middlesex (United Kingdom)

    2010-01-15

    Aim: To evaluate the role of computed tomography (CT) in needle placement for ganglion impar blocks, and to determine the efficacy of CT-guided ganglion impar blocks in the management of coccydynia. Materials and methods: The results of ganglion impar blockade in eight patients with coccydynia secondary to trauma or unknown cause were reviewed. The diagnosis of coccydynia was based on clinical history, location of pain, and response to previous diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. The eight patients were treated with CT-guided ganglion impar blocks to manage their coccyx pain after conservative procedures, including oral medication and cushions, failed to provide relief. All patients were subjected to ganglion impar blocks under a thin-section CT-guided technique for needle placement, using a mixture of bupivacaine and triamcinolone. The patients were followed-up for a period of 6-months. Results: Eight patients were treated in this study with a total of 11 injections. A technical success of 100% was achieved in all cases with accurate needle placement without any complications and all the patients tolerated the procedure well. Out of eight, three patients (37%) had complete relief of pain on the follow-up intervals up to 6 months. Three out of eight patients (37%), had partial relief of symptoms and a second repeat injection was given at the 3 month interval of the follow-up period. At the end of the 6-month follow-up period, six out of eight patients (75%) experienced symptomatic relief (four complete relief and two partial relief) without any additional resort to conventional pain management. Twenty-five percent (two out of eight) did not have any symptomatic improvement. The mean visual analogue score (VAS) pre-procedure was 8 (range 6-10) and had decreased to 2 (range 0-5) in six out of eight patients. Conclusion: CT can be used as an imaging method to identify the ganglion and guide the needle in ganglion impar blockade. The advantages of CT-guided

  18. Success rates for computed tomography-guided musculoskeletal biopsies performed using a low-dose technique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Motamedi, Kambiz; Levine, Benjamin D.; Seeger, Leanne L.; McNitt-Gray, Michael F. [UCLA Health System, Radiology, Los Angeles, CA (United States)

    2014-11-15

    To evaluate the success rate of a low-dose (50 % mAs reduction) computed tomography (CT) biopsy technique. This protocol was adopted based on other successful reduced-CT radiation dose protocols in our department, which were implemented in conjunction with quality improvement projects. The technique included a scout view and initial localizing scan with standard dose. Additional scans obtained for further guidance or needle adjustment were acquired by reducing the tube current-time product (mAs) by 50 %. The radiology billing data were searched for CT-guided musculoskeletal procedures performed over a period of 8 months following the initial implementation of the protocol. These were reviewed for the type of procedure and compliance with the implemented protocol. The compliant CT-guided biopsy cases were then retrospectively reviewed for patient demographics, tumor pathology, and lesion size. Pathology results were compared to the ultimate diagnoses and were categorized as diagnostic, accurate, or successful. Of 92 CT-guided procedures performed during this period, two were excluded as they were not biopsies (one joint injection and one drainage), 19 were excluded due to non-compliance (operators neglected to follow the protocol), and four were excluded due to lack of available follow-up in our electronic medical records. A total of 67 compliant biopsies were performed in 63 patients (two had two biopsies, and one had three biopsies). There were 32 males and 31 females with an average age of 50 (range, 15-84 years). Of the 67 biopsies, five were non-diagnostic and inaccurate and thus unsuccessful (7 %); five were diagnostic but inaccurate and thus unsuccessful (7 %); 57 were diagnostic and accurate thus successful (85 %). These results were comparable with results published in the radiology literature. The success rate of CT-guided biopsies using a low-dose protocol is comparable to published rates for conventional dose biopsies. The implemented low-dose protocol

  19. Use of Low-Fidelity Simulation Laboratory Training for Teaching Radiology Residents CT-Guided Procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Picard, Melissa; Nelson, Rachel; Roebel, John; Collins, Heather; Anderson, M Bret

    2016-11-01

    To determine the benefit of the addition of low-fidelity simulation-based training to the standard didactic-based training in teaching radiology residents common CT-guided procedures. This was a prospective study involving 24 radiology residents across all years in a university program. All residents underwent standard didactic lecture followed by low-fidelity simulation-based training on three common CT-guided procedures: random liver biopsy, lung nodule biopsy, and drain placement. Baseline knowledge, confidence, and performance assessments were obtained after the didactic session and before the simulation training session. Approximately 2 months later, all residents participated in a simulation-based training session covering all three of these procedures. Knowledge, confidence, and performance data were obtained afterward. These assessments covered topics related to preprocedure workup, intraprocedure steps, and postprocedure management. Knowledge data were collected based on a 15-question assessment. Confidence data were obtained based on a 5-point Likert-like scale. Performance data were obtained based on successful completion of predefined critical steps. There was significant improvement in knowledge (P = .005), confidence (P training to the standard didactic curriculum for all procedures. This study suggests that the addition of low-fidelity simulation-based training to a standard didactic-based curriculum is beneficial in improving resident knowledge, confidence, and tested performance of common CT-guided procedures. Copyright © 2016 American College of Radiology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. CT-guided corticosteroid injection for solitary eosinophilic granuloma of the spine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rimondi, Eugenio; Rossi, Giuseppe [Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, University of Bologna, Department of Radiology and Interventional Angiographic Radiology, Bologna (Italy); Mavrogenis, Andreas F. [Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, University of Bologna, Department of Orthopedics, Bologna (Italy); Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, University of Bologna, Department of Orthopaedics, Orthopaedic Oncology Service, Bologna (Italy); Ussia, Giuseppe; Angelini, Andrea [Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, University of Bologna, Department of Orthopedics, Bologna (Italy); Ruggieri, Pietro [Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, University of Bologna, Department of Orthopedics, Bologna (Italy); Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, University of Bologna, Department of Orthopaedics, Bologna (Italy)

    2011-06-15

    To evaluate the clinical and imaging outcome of patients with symptomatic eosinophilic granuloma of the spine treated with CT-guided intralesional methylprednisolone injection after biopsy. Patients (n =19) with symptomatic solitary eosinophilic granuloma of the spine treated by CT-guided intralesional methylprednisolone injection were retrospectively studied. There were 12 males and seven females with a mean age of 17 years (range, 3-43 years). The mean follow-up was 6 years (median, 4 years; range, 0.5-19 years). Spinal location included the cervical (two patients), thoracic (seven patients), lumbar spine (eight patients), and the sacrum (two patients). Vertebra plana was observed in two patients. All patients had biopsies before treatment. Complete resolution of pain and healing of the lesion was observed in 17 patients (89.5%); none of these patients had recurrence at the latest examination. Reconstitution of the T1 and L1 vertebra plana was observed in both patients. Two patients initially diagnosed and treated for a solitary eosinophilic granuloma had constant pain after the procedure; in these patients, 6 and 12 months after the procedure, respectively, imaging showed multifocal disease and systemic therapy was administered. Complications related to the procedure were not observed. General anesthesia was administered in two patients because of intolerable pain during the procedure. In view of the benign clinical course of eosinophilic granuloma, in patients with symptomatic lesions, CT-guided intralesional corticosteroid injection is a safe and effective outpatient treatment with a low complication rate. (orig.)

  1. Percutaneous fine-needle biopsy of radiographically normal lymph nodes in the staging of prostatic carcinoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gothlin, J.H.; Hoiem, L.

    1981-11-01

    Bipedal lymphography was interpreted as normal in 24 patients with low-grade prostatic carcinoma. Six to ten pelvic lymph nodes in each patient were biopsied transperitoneally under local anesthesia during fluoroscopy, revealing metastases in 6 patients. This method may replace surgery and internal biopsy in staging not only prostatic carcinoma but also other urogenital tumors.

  2. The reliability of ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy in the evaluation of non-palpable solid breast lesions using 18-gauge needles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lim, Sung Chul; Kim, Young Sook [Chosun University College of Medicine, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Sneige, Nour [The University of Texas M.D. Andreson Carcer Canter, Houston (United States)

    2003-04-01

    Ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy (US CNB) is increasingly used in the histologic evaluation of non-palpable solid breast lesions. We retrospectively investigated the diagnostic accuracy of this technique, using an 18-gauge needle in 422 non-palpable breast lesions. 583 female patients with an average age 56 (range, 22-90) years underwent 590 US CNBs. Between January 1994 and December 1999, using 18-gauge needles, an average of four cores per lesion was obtained. Three hundred and eighty-five lesions were subsequently surgically excised; for 14 of these, the pathologic diagnosis was breast carcinoma metastasis, while 23 with benign diagnoses were clinically followed up for {>=}2.5 years and were considered for analysis. Of the 422 lesions, 340 (80.6%) were malignant [308 invasive, 24 ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), 7 DCIS with undetermined invasion and 1 DCIS vs. lobular carcinoma in situ], 67 (15.9%) were benign [30 fibroadenoma (FA) and 37 other diagnoses], and five (1.2%) were fibroepithelial lesions. The remaining ten samples (2,4%) included six cases of atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH), two of atypical hyperplasia (AH), and two of lobular neoplasia. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of CNBs were 99%, 100%, 100%, and 96%, respectively. Two cases of invasive carcinoma were missed at CNB; there was no false-positive diagnosis. Five of six ADHs and one of two AHs were found to be carcinomas (3 DCIS and 3 infiltrating duct carcinomas). Sixteen of 24 (66.7%) cases of DCIS were found at excision to be invasion carcinomas. Of 31 FAs, two (6.5%) were found to be low-grade phyllodes tumor (PT). The five fibroepithelial lesions were shown at excision to be either PT (n=4) or FA (n=1). US CNB using an 18-gauge needle is a safe and reliable means of diagnosing breast carcinoma. Because of the high prevalence of ductal carcinoma is these lesions; findings of ADH/AH at US CNB indicate that surgical excision is needed

  3. [Is percutaneous liver biopsy using the Trucut (Travenol) needle superior to Menghini puncture?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Judmaier, G; Prior, C; Klimpfinger, M; Bernklau, E; Vogel, W; Dietze, O; Denk, H

    1989-11-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the quality of biopsy cylinders obtained by the Menghini or Trucut liver biopsy-method as well as the frequency of complications observed with both these methods. For this purpose, 74 Menghini and 62 Trucut biopsies were analyzed. Both groups were comparable with respect to histologic diagnosis, but no final diagnosis could be made in eight cases of Menghini biopsy because of insufficiency of the material obtained. Fragmentation of the sample occurred significantly more often in the Menghini group (p less than 0.05; chi 2 test). Trucut biopsies were significantly longer (12 mm versus 8 mm mean value; p less than 0.001; Wilcoxon rank sum test) and contained significantly more portal tracts (16 versus 6 mean value; p less than 0.001). None of the total 136 biopsies led to serious complications. We conclude that Trucut liver biopsy is superior to the Menghini method since tissue yield is better and both methods are equally safe.

  4. Atrophy in prostate needle biopsy cores and its relationship to prostate cancer incidence in screened men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Postma, R; Schröder, F H; van der Kwast, T H

    2005-04-01

    To evaluate whether the incidence of atrophy reported on sextant biopsies is associated with subsequent prostate cancer detection and to obtain a more thorough analysis of the different categories and extent of atrophy, we performed a review of benign biopsy cores. In the Rotterdam section of the European Randomized Study of Screening for Prostate Cancer, 4117 and 1840 men underwent sextant biopsy in the first and second screening round (4-year interval), respectively. Sextant biopsy was prompted by elevated prostate-specific antigen levels. For review, randomly taken benign sextant biopsies (n = 202) with a follow-up of at least 8 years were chosen. Before review, atrophy was reported in the biopsies of 11.4% and 8.7% of the first and second round, respectively. The prostate cancer incidence during 8 years of follow-up after an initial diagnosis of atrophy was 10.4%, which was not significantly different than the 12.3% of cancers detected after a benign diagnosis without reference to atrophy. After review, the incidence of simple atrophy, post-atrophic hyperplasia, and sclerotic atrophy in sextant biopsies was 91%, 47%, and 9%, respectively. Extensive atrophy was observed in 5% of biopsies. Only 2 men (4.7%) in the reviewed group had a subsequent diagnosis of prostate cancer in the 8 years of follow-up. Additionally, prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia was diagnosed in 3 men (7.0%) in the second screening round. Atrophy, especially its simple form, is a very common lesion in prostate biopsy cores (94%). Atrophy in an asymptomatic population undergoing screening was not associated with a greater prostate cancer or prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia incidence during subsequent screening rounds.

  5. Practice pattern of transthoracic needle biopsy: 2016 survey in the members of Korean society of thoracic radiology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jo, Ye Seul [Dept. of Radiology, Incheon St. Mary' s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Incheon (Korea, Republic of); Han, Kyong Min [Dept. of Radiology, Seoul St. Mary' s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Park, Jai Soung [Dept. of Radiology, Bucheon Hospital, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Tae Jung [Dept. of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2017-11-15

    To assess the current practice patterns of radiologists who perform transthoracic needle biopsy (TNB). An email survey of 71 questions on TNB was sent to 240 members of the Korean Society of Thoracic Radiology. The answers to multiple-choice questions (n = 56) were analyzed. Of 60 respondents, 45% had 10 or more years of experience in chest radiology, and 70% had 5 or more years of experience in TNB. For the question on the most frequently used diagnostic method for lesions with high probability of being resectable-stage lung cancer, 70% of respondents answered that TNB is initially used, with or without bronchoscopy. In patients at high-risk of TNB-related complications, the proportion of the respondents who consistently declined TNB was only 5%. The number of rebiopsies was said to be increased; molecular analysis for an established target therapy (43.6%) and clinical trial of a new drug (28.2%) were the two most common reasons for it. The most popular needle type was the coaxial cutting needle (55%), and the popular guiding modality was conventional computed tomography (CT) (56.7%). In addition, 15% of respondents have encountered air embolism. Despite high variation in how TNB is being performed in Korea, some patterns were noted. It is common for patients with resectable-stage lung cancer to undergo TNB prior to surgery. Rebiopsy is now more common than before, with personalized medicine as the most important reason for it. The most popular type of needle is the coaxial system; the most popular modality for guidance is still CT.

  6. Lymph node biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biopsy - lymph nodes; Open lymph node biopsy; Fine needle aspiration biopsy; Sentinel lymph node biopsy ... A lymph node biopsy is done in an operating room in a hospital. Or, it is done at an outpatient surgical center. The ...

  7. What is the added value of combined core biopsy and fine needle aspiration in the diagnostic process of renal tumours?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barwari, K; Kummerlin, I P; ten Kate, F J; Algaba, F; Trias, I; Wijkstra, H; De la Rosette, J J; Laguna, P

    2013-08-01

    Non-diagnostic results still hinder the routine use of core biopsy (CB) and fine needle aspiration (FNA) in the diagnostic process of renal tumours. Furthermore, substantial interobserver variability has been reported. We assessed the added value of combining the results of CB and FNA by five pathologists in the ex vivo diagnosis of renal mass. Two ex vivo core biopsies were taken followed by two FNA passes from extirpated tumours. All samples were evaluated by five blinded pathologists. A consensus diagnosis of the surgical specimen was the index for comparison. For each pathologist, the number of non-diagnostic (non-conclusive or undetermined biology and failed biopsies), correct and incorrect scored cases of each technique was assessed. When a non-diagnostic CB or FNA had a correct diagnostic counterpart, this was considered as of added value. Of the 57 assessed tumours, 53 were malignant. CB was non-diagnostic in 4-10 cases (7-17.5%). FNA established the correct diagnosis in 1-7 of these cases. FNA was non-diagnostic in 2-6 cases (3.5-10.5%), and the counterpart CB established the correct diagnosis in 1-6 of these cases. For the 5 pathologists, accuracy of CB and FNA varied between 82.5-93% and 89.5-96.5%, respectively. Combination of both types of biopsy resulted in 55-57 correct results (accuracy 96.5-100%), i.e., an increase in accuracy of 3.5-14%. Combining the result of CB and FNA in renal mass biopsy leads to a higher diagnostic accuracy. Recommendations on which technique used should be adapted to local expertise and logistic possibilities.

  8. The value of touch imprint cytology of prostate core needle biopsy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    S. Hussein

    2015-11-10

    PSA) level or abnormal findings on rectal examination. All biopsies were taken under transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) guidance. Two touch imprints were prepared from each CNB. The TIC results were correlated with CNB.

  9. [Yield diagnosis of the peripheral cores in 10 needle extended prostate biopsy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramírez Backhaus, M; Trassierra Villa, M; Arlandis Guzmán, S; Bosquet Sanz, M; Pontones Moreno, J L; Jiménez Cruz, J F

    2007-01-01

    To value if the increase in the number of cylinders in the prostate's biopsy raise the diagnostic performance of this test. In March 2005 we initiate this prospective study with patients who are subject to a first prostate Biopsy by a PSA between 4 and 10 ng/ml and negative rectal touch. Transrectal, echodirected prostatic biopsies with ten punctures are carried out according to the following programme as follows: 6 Biopsies according to classic sextant technique, to what we add 4 cylinders from the most lateral zones of the prostate (lateral horns). The variables are analyzed: Age, Total PSA, Free PSA/Total PSA, prostatic volume and PSA density. We value 90 patients consecutively. Prostatic adenocarcinoma was diagnosed to 37 of the 90 patients, which means that the diagnostic rate of the extended Biopsy reached a 41%. Nevertheless, the rate for the classic sextant Biopsy was 32.3%. These differences are statistically significant (Mcnemar test 0.008); besides, this supposes a 27% increase in the diagnostic rentability. The "extra" cylinders in the lateral horns detected 8 tumours which were not detected in the cylinders of the the sextant, and 5 of them presented a Gleason higher or equal to 6. In our centre we think that the Biopsy extended to 10 cylinders is an adequate strategy for potential prostatic adenocarcinoma patients who are going to be subject to their first Biopsy. Realizing the clinic relevance of the tumours diagnosed thanks to "extra" cylinders, we do not think that this modality implies an over-diagnosis and consequently an overtreatment of the prostate cancer.

  10. Histological diagnosis of gastric submucosal tumors: A pilot study of endoscopic ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy vs mucosal cutting biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikehara, Hisatomo; Li, Zhaoliang; Watari, Jiro; Taki, Masato; Ogawa, Tomohiro; Yamasaki, Takahisa; Kondo, Takashi; Toyoshima, Fumihiko; Kono, Tomoaki; Tozawa, Katsuyuki; Ohda, Yoshio; Tomita, Toshihiko; Oshima, Tadayuki; Fukui, Hirokazu; Matsuda, Ikuo; Hirota, Seiichi; Miwa, Hiroto

    2015-10-10

    To compare the usefulness of endoscopic ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (EUS-FNAB) without cytology and mucosal cutting biopsy (MCB) in the histological diagnosis of gastric submucosal tumor (SMT). We prospectively compared the diagnostic yield, feasibility, and safety of EUS-FNAB and those of MCB based on endoscopic submucosal dissection. The cases of 20 consecutive patients with gastric SMT ≥ 1 cm in diameter. who underwent both EUS-FNAB and MCB were investigated. The histological diagnoses were gastrointestinal stromal tumors (n = 7), leiomyoma (n = 6), schwannoma (n = 2), aberrant pancreas (n = 2), and one case each of glomus tumor, metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma, and no-diagnosis. The tumors' mean size was 23.6 mm. Histological diagnosis was made in 65.0% of the EUS-FNABs and 60.0% of the MCBs, a nonsignificant difference. There were no significant differences in the diagnostic yield concerning the tumor location or tumor size between the two methods. However, diagnostic specimens were significantly more frequently obtained in lesions with intraluminal growth than in those with extraluminal growth by the MCB method (P = 0.01). All four SMTs with extraluminal growth were diagnosed only by EUS-FNAB (P = 0.03). No complications were found in either method. MCB may be chosen as an alternative diagnostic modality in tumors showing the intraluminal growth pattern regardless of tumor size, whereas EUS-FNAB should be performed for SMTs with extraluminal growth.

  11. Discordance between core needle biopsy (CNB) and excisional biopsy (EB) for estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PgR) and HER2 status in early breast cancer (EBC).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnedos, M; Nerurkar, A; Osin, P; A'Hern, R; Smith, I E; Dowsett, M

    2009-12-01

    Analysis of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PgR) and HER2 status in early breast cancer (EBC) is increasingly being conducted in core needle biopsies (CNBs) taken at diagnosis but the concordance with the excisional biopsy (EB) is poorly documented. Patients with EBC presenting to The Royal Marsden Hospital from June 2005 to September 2007 who had CNB and subsequent EB were included. ER and PgR were determined by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and graded from 0 to 8 (Allred score). HER2 was determined by IHC and scored from 0 to 3+. FISH analysis was carried out in HER2 2+ cases and in discordant cases. In all, 336 pairs of samples were compared. ER was positive in 253 CNBs (75%) for 255 EBs (76%) and was discordant in six patients (1.8%). PgR was positive in 221 CNBs (66%) and 227 (67.6%) EBs being discordant in 52 cases (15%). HER2 was positive in 41 (12.4%) of the 331 CNBs in which it was determined compared with 44 (13.3%) EBs and discordant in four cases (1.2%). CNB can be used with confidence for ER and HER2 determination. For PgR, due to a substantial discordance between CNB and EB, results from CNB should be used with caution.

  12. Usual and unusual histologic patterns of high Gleason score 8 to 10 adenocarcinoma of the prostate in needle biopsy tissue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottipati, Srinivas; Warncke, Jason; Vollmer, Robin; Humphrey, Peter A

    2012-06-01

    High Gleason score 8 to 10 adenocarcinoma is the most aggressive and potentially lethal form of prostate cancer. The 2005 International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP)-modified Gleason grading scheme defines several gland arrangements of high Gleason grade patterns 4 and 5. The aim of this investigation was to quantitate the frequency of the ISUP-defined high Gleason grade patterns in needle biopsy tissue, to determine the common admixtures and to characterize patterns not presented in the 2005 ISUP report. For patients who underwent radical prostatectomy, we analyzed for association of specific high-grade patterns in needle biopsy with extraprostatic extension in radical prostatectomy tissues. A total of 268 prostate needle biopsy cases with Gleason score of 8 to 10 were examined. A mean of 3.6 patterns (range, 1 to 8) were identified per case and only 12% of cases had a pure single pattern. Ill-defined glands with poorly formed lumina (at 57%) and fused microacinar glands (at 53%) comprised the predominant and most frequently admixed patterns. Single cells and single signet ring cells were present in 53% and 31% of cases, respectively. Additional patterns in order of frequency included cords (35%), cribriform glands (25%), sheets of cells (19%), chains (4%), glomeruloid (3%), comedonecrosis (2%), and hypernephromatoid (1 case=0.3%). Gleason score 8 to 10 carcinomas are typically extensive in needle core tissue, with a mean of 4.4 positive cores (range, 1 to 15 cores) per case. Only 14 cases (5%) had high-grade minimal carcinoma measuring Gleason grade patterns not described in the 2005 ISUP report include single file growth, solid cylinders, and nested patterns. The single file pattern was present in 40% of cases, and the small solid nested pattern was detected in 24% of cases. One case displayed solid cylinders. Only the single file pattern was associated with extraprostatic extension at radical prostatectomy (P=0.005). These results show that the 2005

  13. Fine-Needle Aspiration is Superior to Needle Core Biopsy as a Sample Aquisition Method for Flow Cytometric Analysis in Suspected Hematologic Neoplasms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyd, Jonathan Dale; Smith, George Drennan; Hong, Heng; Mageau, Ronald; Juskevicius, Ridas

    2014-08-23

    Background: Common minimally invasive methods for acquiring samples for flow cytometric immunophenotyping (FCI) include fine needle aspiration (FNA) and needle core biopsy (NCB). FCI requires a sufficient quantity of viable cells for adequate evaluation. Methods: We collected patient data from our files of all FCI cases sampled via FNA or NCB from 1/1/03 and 6/1/12. Total Viable Cells (TVC) was calculated by multiplying the volume, viability and concentration and then converted to logarithmic scale as "Log TVC." Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS. Results: 571 FCI cases at our institution were reviewed covering the period from 2003 to 2012 and 456 total cases were analyzed. 116 cases were sampled by NCB and 340 were sampled by FNA. Comparing FNA to NCB subgroups demonstrated FNA to be superior in mean specimen viability, TVC, and cases with a final FCI interpretation. The cellularity of the sample (in Log TVC) correlates with the likelihood of achieving a FCI interpretation. The point where at least 50% of cases have a diagnostic FCI interpretation occurs between Log TVC of 5.0 - 5.25. However, FNA based cases had a higher proportion of samples with an indeterminate final diagnosis. Conclusions: FNA was found to be significantly superior to NCB in obtaining material for FCI. However, NCB resulted in fewer indeterminate final diagnoses due to benefit of histologic correlation. In our opinion, NCB for histology combined with dedicated FNA material for FCI may yield the best results for a minimally invasive approach to the diagnosis of hematologic neoplasms. © 2014 Clinical Cytometry Society. Copyright © 2014 Clinical Cytometry Society.

  14. Fine-needle aspiration is superior to needle core biopsy as a sample acquisition method for flow cytometric analysis in suspected hematologic neoplasms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyd, Jonathan Dale; Smith, George Drennan; Hong, Heng; Mageau, Ronald; Juskevicius, Ridas

    2015-01-01

    Common minimally invasive methods for acquiring samples for flow cytometric immunophenotyping (FCI) include fine-needle aspiration (FNA) and needle core biopsy (NCB). FCI requires a sufficient quantity of viable cells for adequate evaluation. We collected patient data from our files of all FCI cases sampled via FNA or NCB from January 1, 2003 and June 1, 2012. Total Viable Cells (TVC) was calculated by multiplying the volume, viability, and concentration and then converted to logarithmic scale as "Log TVC." Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS. Five hundred seventy-one FCI cases at our institution were reviewed covering the period from 2003 to 2012 and 456 total cases were analyzed. One hundred sixteen cases were sampled by NCB and 340 were sampled by FNA. Comparing FNA to NCB subgroups demonstrated FNA to be superior in mean specimen viability, TVC, and cases with a final FCI interpretation. The cellularity of the sample (in Log TVC) correlates with the likelihood of achieving a FCI interpretation. The point where at least 50% of cases have a diagnostic FCI interpretation occurs between Log TVC of 5.0-5.25. However, FNA based cases had a higher proportion of samples with an indeterminate final diagnosis. FNA was found to be significantly superior to NCB in obtaining material for FCI. However, NCB resulted in fewer indeterminate final diagnoses due to benefit of histologic correlation. In our opinion, NCB for histology combined with dedicated FNA material for FCI may yield the best results for a minimally invasive approach to the diagnosis of hematologic neoplasms. © 2014 Clinical Cytometry Society.

  15. Safety and correlation of test results of combined ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration and needle core biopsy of the canine spleen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Adam T; Penninck, Dominique; Knoll, Joyce S; Keating, John H; Sutherland-Smith, James

    2011-01-01

    The safety and diagnostic value of combined splenic fine-needle aspiration (FNA) and needle core biopsy (NCB) is unknown. Forty-one dogs with splenic lesions were studied prospectively. Safety was assessed in 38 dogs and no complications were encountered. Initially, clinical and anatomic pathologists reviewed each FNA and NCB sample, respectively, without knowledge of the other's results. Diagnoses were categorized as neoplastic, benign, inflammatory, normal, or nondiagnostic. The level of agreement between sampling methods was categorized as complete, partial, disagreement, or not available. Test correlation was performed in 40 dogs. Nondiagnostic results occurred in 5/40 NCB (12.5%) and no FNA samples. Neoplasia was diagnosed in 17/40 dogs (42.5%), benign changes in 20/40 dogs (50%), inflammatory disorders in 0/40 dogs, and normal 2/40 dogs (5%). One of the 40 dogs (2.5%) had a diagnosis that was equivocal for neoplasia on both tests and therefore was not categorized. Of the 35 dogs that had diagnostic samples, cytopathologic and histopathologic diagnoses agreed completely in 18/35 dogs (51.4%), partially in 3/35 dogs (8.6%), and were in disagreement in 14/35 dogs (40.0%). Pathologists collaboratively reviewed diagnoses that were in disagreement or partial agreement and altered their individual diagnoses in 6/17 dogs (35.3%) to be within partial or complete agreement, respectively. Percutaneous FNA and NCB can be performed safely in dogs with sonographic splenic changes. Results suggest that adding NCB to FNA provides complementary information in dogs with suspected splenic neoplasia. This combined protocol may improve detection of splenic neoplasia and provide neoplastic subclassification. © 2010 Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound.

  16. Utility of flow cytometry immunophenotyping for the diagnosis and classification of lymphoma in community hospital clinical needle aspiration/biopsies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siebert, J D; Weeks, L M; List, L W; Kugler, J W; Knost, J A; Fishkin, P A; Goergen, M H

    2000-12-01

    Flow cytometry immunophenotyping (FC) of needle aspiration/biopsy (NAB) samples has been reported to be useful for the diagnosis and classification of lymphoma in university and cancer center-based settings. Nevertheless, there is no agreement on the utility of these methods. To further define the utility of adjunctive FC of clinical NAB for the diagnosis and classification of lymphoma, and to determine if this approach is practicable in a routine clinical practice setting. A community-based hospital. Clinical NABs were submitted for adjunctive FC between June 1996 and September 1999 if initial smears were suspicious for lymphoma. Smears and cell block or needle core tissues were routinely processed and paraffin-section immunostains were performed if indicated. The final diagnosis was determined by correlating clinical and pathologic data, and the revised European-American classification criteria were used to subtype lymphomas. Needle aspiration/biopsies from 60 different patients were submitted for FC. Final diagnoses were lymphoma (n = 38), other neoplasm (n = 15), benign (n = 6), or insufficient (n = 1). For 38 lymphomas (20 primary, 18 recurrent), patients ranged in age from 32 to 86 years (mean, 62 years); samples were obtained from the retroperitoneum (n = 11), lymph node (n = 9), abdomen (n = 8), mediastinum (n = 6), or other site (n = 4); and lymphoma subtypes were indolent B-cell (n = 20; 2 small lymphocytic, 14 follicle center, 4 not subtyped), aggressive B-cell (n = 14; 3 mantle cell, 10 large cell, 1 not subtyped), B-cell not further specified (n = 2), or Hodgkin disease (n = 2). For the diagnosis of these lymphomas, FC was necessary in 20 cases, useful in 14 cases, not useful in 2 cases, and misleading in 2 cases. Thirty-two of 36 lymphoma patients with follow-up data received antitumor therapy based on the results of NAB plus FC. Adjunctive FC of NABs is potentially practicable in a community hospital, is necessary or useful for the diagnosis and

  17. Comparison of the accuracy of US-guided biopsy of breast masses performed with 14-gauge, 16-gauge and 18-gauge automated cutting needle biopsy devices, and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Monica L; Hess, Kenneth; Candelaria, Rosalind P; Eghtedari, Mohammad; Adrada, Beatriz E; Sneige, Nour; Fornage, Bruno D

    2017-07-01

    To compare the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound (US)-guided core needle biopsy (CNB) of breast masses performed with 14-gauge, 16-gauge and 18-gauge needles. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 1,112 patients who underwent US-guided breast CNB with 14-gauge, 16-gauge and 18-gauge needles. Cases with surgical excision or a minimum of 2 years of imaging follow-up were included. Rates of sample inadequacy, discordance with surgical or imaging findings and upgrade of DCIS to invasive cancer or high-risk lesion to in situ or invasive cancer were computed for each needle size. The study included 703 CNBs: 203 performed with 14-gauge, 235 with 16-gauge and 265 with 18-gauge needles. There were no significant differences between 14-gauge, 16-gauge and 18-gauge needles in rates of specimen inadequacy (0 %, 0.4 % and 1.9 %, respectively) (p = 0.084); surgical discordance (2.6 %, 2.9 % and 3.8 %) (p = 0.76); imaging discordance (0 %, 0 % and 2 %) (p = 1.0); DCIS upgrade (43 %, 43 % and 36 %) (p = 1.00) or high-risk lesion upgrade (38 %, 25 % and 55 %) (p = 0.49). There was no statistically significant difference in diagnostic accuracy of US-guided CNB of breast masses performed with 14-gauge, 16-gauge and 18-gauge needles. • Percutaneous image-guided breast core needle biopsy (CNB) is the standard of care. • Breast CNB with 14-gauge, 16-gauge and 18-gauge needles has similar diagnostic accuracy. • Smaller gauge needles can be confidently used for ultrasound-guided breast CNB.

  18. Development and evaluation of a prediction model for underestimated invasive breast cancer in women with ductal carcinoma in situ at stereotactic large core needle biopsy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suzanne C E Diepstraten

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: We aimed to develop a multivariable model for prediction of underestimated invasiveness in women with ductal carcinoma in situ at stereotactic large core needle biopsy, that can be used to select patients for sentinel node biopsy at primary surgery. METHODS: From the literature, we selected potential preoperative predictors of underestimated invasive breast cancer. Data of patients with nonpalpable breast lesions who were diagnosed with ductal carcinoma in situ at stereotactic large core needle biopsy, drawn from the prospective COBRA (Core Biopsy after RAdiological localization and COBRA2000 cohort studies, were used to fit the multivariable model and assess its overall performance, discrimination, and calibration. RESULTS: 348 women with large core needle biopsy-proven ductal carcinoma in situ were available for analysis. In 100 (28.7% patients invasive carcinoma was found at subsequent surgery. Nine predictors were included in the model. In the multivariable analysis, the predictors with the strongest association were lesion size (OR 1.12 per cm, 95% CI 0.98-1.28, number of cores retrieved at biopsy (OR per core 0.87, 95% CI 0.75-1.01, presence of lobular cancerization (OR 5.29, 95% CI 1.25-26.77, and microinvasion (OR 3.75, 95% CI 1.42-9.87. The overall performance of the multivariable model was poor with an explained variation of 9% (Nagelkerke's R(2, mediocre discrimination with area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.66 (95% confidence interval 0.58-0.73, and fairly good calibration. CONCLUSION: The evaluation of our multivariable prediction model in a large, clinically representative study population proves that routine clinical and pathological variables are not suitable to select patients with large core needle biopsy-proven ductal carcinoma in situ for sentinel node biopsy during primary surgery.

  19. Is the upgrade rate of atypical ductal hyperplasia diagnosed by core needle biopsy of calcifications different for digital and film-screen mammography?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLaughlin, Carol T; Neal, Colleen H; Helvie, Mark A

    2014-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to establish the upgrade rate of atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) diagnosed by stereotactic vacuum-assisted core needle biopsy for calcifications detected by digital mammography as compared with film-screen mammography. A retrospective record search identified 101 cases of ADH. Criteria included women with calcifications biopsied using stereotactic vacuum-assisted core needle biopsy at our institution between January 2001 and December 2011. The center transitioned from film-screen mammography in 2001 to all digital mammography by 2010. Stereotactic vacuum-assisted core needle biopsies were performed using 11-gauge (59/101 [58%]) or 8-gauge (42/101 [42%]) needles. All pathology was interpreted by breast pathologists using standard criteria. Of 101 cases of ADH, 57 (56.4%) were detected using digital and 44 (43.6%) were detected using film-screen mammography. Seven of 57 (12.3%) cases of ADH detected by digital mammography were upgraded to ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) (n = 6) or invasive cancer (n = 1). Six of 44 (13.6%) cases of ADH detected by film-screen mammography were upgraded to DCIS (n = 5) or invasive cancer (n = 1) (p = 0.84). There was a trend toward low-grade DCIS in cases detected by digital mammography (3/7 [42.9%]) as compared with film-screen mammography (1/6 [16.7%]) (p = 0.68). A nonsignificant overall higher percentage of upgrades occurred when calcifications were not completely removed (10/52 [19.2%]) as compared with completely removed (3/47 [6.4%]). There was no difference in upgrade rate of stereotactic vacuum-assisted core needle biopsy performed using 11-gauge (7/59 [11.9%]) versus 8-gauge (6/42 [14.3%]) needles. The upgrade rate of ADH diagnosed by stereotactic vacuum-assisted core needle biopsy was not significantly different between digital and film-screen mammography. The current recommendation for excision of ADH diagnosed by stereotactic vacuum-assisted core needle biopsy should be applied to ADH

  20. Prostate needle biopsies: interobserver variation and clinical consequences of histopathological re-evaluation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berg, Kasper Drimer; Toft, Birgitte Grønkaer; Brasso, Klaus

    2011-01-01

    pathology reports and with histopathology of the radical prostatectomy specimen. The consequences of re-evaluation for clinical workup and treatment of patients according to local algorithms were determined. For Gleason score (GS), complete agreement between primary report and re-evaluation was found in 76......-evaluations in 19.7% and 13.1% of patients, respectively. Gleason scoring based on the radical prostatectomy specimen was higher than in both primary reports and re-evaluation of biopsies. Although a relatively high degree of concordance was found between biopsy assessments, the significant trend towards higher...... Gleason scoring at re-evaluation, leading to frequent changes in clinical assessments and surgical strategy, justifies re-evaluation of PCa biopsies in patients with primary GS = 6....

  1. Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsies for Gene Expression Ratio-based Diagnostic and Prognostic Tests in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Rienzo, Assunta; Dong, Lingsheng; Yeap, Beow Y.; Jensen, Roderick V.; Richards, William G.; Gordon, Gavin J.; Sugarbaker, David J.; Bueno, Raphael

    2010-01-01

    Purpose Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an aggressive disease associated with median survival between 9 and 12 months. The correct diagnosis of MPM is sometimes challenging and usually requires solid tissue biopsies rather than fine needle aspiration biopsies (FNA). We postulated that the accuracy of FNA-based diagnosis might be improved by the addition of molecular tests using a gene expression ratio-based algorithm and that prognostic tests could be similarly performed. Experimental Design Two MPM and two lung cancer cell lines were used to establish the minimal RNA amount required for ratio tests. Based on these results, 276 ex-vivo FNA biopsies from 63 MPM patients, and 250 ex-vivo FNA samples from 92 lung cancer patients were analyzed using previously described diagnostic and prognostic tests based on gene expression ratios. Results We found that the sensitivity of the diagnostic test for MPM was 100% (95% CI: 95–100%), and the specificity in primary lung adenocarcinoma was 90% (95% CI: 81–95%). The FNA-based prognostic classification was concordant among 76% (95% CI: 65–87%) of patients with the risk assignment in a subset of the matched surgical specimens previously analyzed by the prognostic test. Conclusions Sufficient RNA can be extracted from most FNA biopsies to perform gene expression molecular tests. In particular, we show that the gene expression ratio algorithms performed well when applied to diagnosis and prognosis in MPM. This study provides support for the development of additional RNA molecular tests that may enhance the utility of FNA in the management of other solid cancers. PMID:21088255

  2. A Review of the Use of Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy of Mammary Tumors for Diagnosis and Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tani, Edneia; Fuentes-Martinez, Nelson; Skoog, Lambert

    2017-01-01

    The article "Aspiration Biopsy of Mammary Tumors in Diagnosis and Research - A Critical Review of 2,200 Cases" by Zajicek et al. [Acta Cytol 1967;11:169-175] is composed of two separate parts as can be seen from the title. Both are, however, of great historical interest. The first describes the early days of fine-needle aspiration cytology diagnosis of breast lesions in particular carcinomas. The results are still impressive with a diagnostic accuracy close to 90%. The second deals with the effect of negative pressure on cell viability during the aspiration procedure. These studies were aimed at evaluating the usefulness of aspirated tumor cells to analyze the effects of therapy and the origin of tumor cells. © 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  3. Taking label-free optical spectroscopy techniques into the operating theatre: biopsy needles and surgical guidance probes (Conference Presentation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leblond, Frédéric

    2017-02-01

    Recent advances will be described relating to the development and clinical translation of optical spectroscopy techniques designed to guide surgical interventions in brain and prostate oncology applications. The use of molecular imaging guidance systems can enable true intra-operative tissue identification, increasing the effectiveness of cancer surgery and potentially positively impacting patient survival. Surgical resection is a fundamental cancer treatment, but its effectiveness is reduced by the inability to rapidly and accurately identify cancer margins. We will introduce a portable intraoperative label-free multimodal optical spectroscopy system combining intrinsic fluorescence, diffuse reflectance, and Raman spectroscopy that can identify cancer in situ during surgery. We will show that this on-line guidance system can detect primary cancer such as glioma as well as metastatic melanoma and cancer of the lung and colon with an accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of 97%, 100%, and 93% respectively. Moreover, a method will be presented, along with preliminary tissue classification results, based on the interrogation of whole human prostates from prostatectomies. The development and in vivo validation of an optical brain needle biopsy instrument will be presented demonstrating its ability to detect bulk tumor using Raman spectroscopy with the goal of reducing the number of non-diagnostic samples during a procedure. The extraction of tissue can cause life-threatening hemorrhage because of significant blood vessel injury during the procedure. We will demonstrate that a sub-diffuse optical tomography technique integrated with a commercial biopsy needle can detect the presence of blood vessels to limit the hemorrhage risk.

  4. Screen-detected malignant breast lesions diagnosed following benign (B2) or normal (B1) needle core biopsy diagnoses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rakha, Emad A; Lee, Andrew H S; Reed, Jacquie; Murphy, Alison; El-Sayed, Maysa; Burrell, Helen; Evans, Andrew J; Ellis, Ian O

    2010-07-01

    Breast needle core biopsy (NCB) is now a standard diagnostic procedure in the triple assessment of screen detected breast lesions. However, unlike fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology, information on the miss rate including false-negative diagnoses (FN) of malignancy (benign 'B2' or normal 'B1' NCB with a malignant outcome) is limited. A large series of NCBs (121,742) performed over an 8-year period has been studied to assess the frequency and causes of missing a malignant diagnosis on NCB and to evaluate their impact on patients' management in the screening service. During the period of this study, 50,691 were diagnosed as B2 and 9599 were diagnosed as B1. Of those, 779 B2 and 919 B1 were diagnosed as malignant on the subsequent surgical specimens, respectively, giving a FN rate of 3.0%. However when year of diagnosis was taken into consideration, we found that during the period 1999-2001, the FN rate for B2 was 2.7% while the miss rate for B1 was 4.0%. This showed marked improvement over time to reach a figure of 0.5% and 0.5% for B2 and B1, respectively, during the period 2005-2007. On detailed review of cases from a single screening region diagnosed during the last 3 years (2005-2008), 14 cases (0.17% of all NCBs) with malignant surgery were diagnosed as B2 (seven cases; FN rate 0.19%) and B1 (seven cases; B1 biopsy rate from cancer 0.19%). In these cases, NCB was unsatisfactory, there was a discrepancy between radiological abnormalities and histological findings with recommendation for excision or suspicious/malignant cytological diagnosis on concurrent FNA material. Therefore, our results indicate that the malignancy miss rate on NCB is rare and FN NCB diagnoses had no impact on patient management. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Anaphylactoid reaction - a rare complication after fine needle biopsy of the lung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stampfel, G.

    1982-07-01

    A case report is presented of a 21-year-old female patient which demostrates the fact that anaphylactoid reaction due to unnecessary and dangerous diagnostic biopsy of pulmonary ecchinococcosis may by avoided by demonstrating parasitic deposits within the liver by sonography and computerized tomography.

  6. Metastatic renal cell carcinoma in the thyroid gland: ultrasonographic features and the diagnostic role of core needle biopsy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Song, Ok Kyu; Koo, Ja Seung; Kwak, Jin Young; Moon, Hee Jung; Yoon, Jung Hyun; Kim, Eun Kyung [Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul(Korea, Republic of)

    2017-07-15

    The aims of this study were to present the ultrasonographic (US) features of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in the thyroid gland and to evaluate the diagnostic utility of fine needle aspiration (FNA) and core needle biopsy (CNB). Eight patients with nine metastatic RCC nodules in the thyroid glands who were treated from January 2002 to March 2015 in a single tertiary hospital were consecutively selected and retrospectively reviewed. US features and clinical history were obtained from the institution’s medical database. FNA was performed nine times on eight nodules and CNB was performed six times on six nodules. The diagnostic utility of FNA and CNB was evaluated. All nine nodules showed mass formation without diffuse thyroid involvement. On ultrasonography, metastatic RCC nodules were solid (100%), hypoechoic (100%), and ovalshaped nodules with a well-defined smooth margin (88.9%) and increased vascularity (100%, with 55% showing extensive vascularity). No calcifications were noted in any nodules. Lymph node metastasis and direct extension to nearby structures beyond the thyroid gland were not found. One FNA (11%) was able to confirm metastatic RCC, whereas all six CNBs confirmed metastatic RCC. Metastatic RCC appears as oval-shaped hypoechoic solid nodules with well-defined smooth margins, no calcifications, and increased vascularity on ultrasonography. Characteristic US features along with a previous history of RCC should raise clinical suspicion, and CNB should be performed to make an accurate diagnosis.

  7. Immunohistochemical staining for thyroid peroxidase (TPO) of needle core biopsies in the diagnosis of scintigraphically cold thyroid nodules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yousaf, U; Christensen, L H; Rasmussen, A K; Jensen, F; Mollerup, C L; Kirkegaard, J; Lausen, I; Rank, F; Feldt-Rasmussen, U

    2008-06-01

    Cold thyroid nodules are common, in particular in iodine-deficient areas, but only a minority of them are malignant requiring surgery. Thyroid peroxidase (TPO) immunostaining of fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) material has proven helpful in diagnosing cells from malignant lesions, but the procedure has its limitations in a routine setting. To improve diagnosis and reduce surgery rate, the FNAC procedure was replaced by needle core biopsy (NCB), which was routinely stained for TPO by the monoclonal antibody mAb 47. During a 5-year period 427 consecutive patients with a cold thyroid nodule were evaluated by ultrasound-guided NCB, which had been routinely stained for TPO in an automated immunostainer. Sensitivity and specificity and predictive values of the TPO immunostaining were estimated, based on the final diagnosis obtained from surgical resection. The majority of nodules with benign NCB diagnosis were not surgically removed, and thus a subgroup of 140 operated nodules formed the basis for the calculations. Sensitivity and specificity for benign and malignant lesions were 100% if the oxyphilic variant of adenomas and minimally invasive follicular carcinomas were excluded. By inclusion of these, the values fell to 89% and 97%, respectively. The predictive value of a positive test was 96% and the predictive value of a negative test was 97%. TPO immunostaining was found to be a valuable adjunct to morphology in the diagnosis of cold thyroid nodules of the nonoxyphilic type.

  8. Factors influencing the diagnostic yield and accuracy of image-guided percutaneous needle biopsy of pediatric tumors: single-center audit of a 26-year experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blondiaux, Eléonore; Laurent, Méryle; Audureau, Etienne; Boudjemaa, Sabah; Sileo, Chiara; Lenoir, Marion; Dainese, Linda; Garel, Catherine; Coulomb, Aurore; Ducou le Pointe, Hubert

    2016-03-01

    Image-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy is a common procedure for diagnosis of both solid tumors and hematological malignancies in children. Despite recent improvements, a certain rate of non-diagnostic biopsies persists. To assess the factors influencing the diagnostic yield and accuracy of percutaneous core needle biopsies of pediatric tumors. We conducted a single-center retrospective study of a 26-year experience with image-guided biopsies in children and young adults. Using uni- and multivariate analysis, we evaluated the association of diagnostic yield and accuracy with technical factors (image-guided procedure, pathological technique) and clinical factors (complication rate, histological type and anatomical location). We retrieved data relating to 396 biopsies were performed in 363 children and young adults (mean age: 7.4 years). Overall, percutaneous core needle biopsy showed a diagnostic yield of 89.4% (95% confidence interval [CI] 85.9-92.2) and an accuracy of 90.9% (CI 87.6-93.6) with a complication rate of 2.5% (CI 1.2-4.6).The diagnostic yield increased with the use of advanced tissue assessment techniques (95.7% with immunohistochemistry versus 82.3% without immunohistochemistry; P < 0.0001) and an increased number of passes (mean: 3.96 for diagnostic biopsies versus 3.62 for non-diagnostic biopsies; P = 0.044). The use of advanced pathological techniques and an increased number of passes are the two main factors influencing the diagnostic success of biopsies in pediatric tumors.

  9. Comparative cost-effectiveness of fine needle aspiration biopsy versus image-guided biopsy, and open surgical biopsy in the evaluation of breast cancer in the era of Affordable Care Act: a changing landscape.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masood, Shahla; Rosa, Marilin; Kraemer, Dale F; Smotherman, Carmen; Mohammadi, Amir

    2015-08-01

    Proven as a time challenged and cost-effective sampling procedure, the use of FNAB has still remained controversial among the scientific community. Currently, other minimally invasive sampling procedures such as ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNAB) and image guided core needle biopsy (IG-CNB) have become the preferred sampling procedures for evaluation of breast lesions. However, changes in the medical economy and the current growing emphasis on cost containment in the era of the Affordable Care Act make it necessary to stimulate a renewed interest in the use of FNAB as the initial diagnostic sampling procedure. This study was designed to define the changing trend in the practice of tissue sampling during the last several years, and to assess the comparative effectiveness and appropriateness of the procedure of choice for breast cancer diagnosis. After Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval, the computer database of the Pathology Department, University of Florida, College of Medicine-Jacksonville at UF Health was retrospectively searched to identify all breast biopsy pathology reports issued during the period of January 2004 to December 2011. The inclusion criteria were all women that underwent any of the following biopsy types: FNAB, US-FNAB, IG-CNB, and surgical biopsy (SB). Diagnostic procedures were identified using current procedural terminology (CPT) codes recorded on claims from the UF Health Jacksonville patient accounting application files. The data obtained was used to determine which technique has the best cost-effectiveness in the diagnosis of breast cancer. The outcome variable for this project was a positive breast cancer diagnosis resulting from these methodologies. The predictor variable was the biopsy type used for sampling. The rate of cancer detection for each procedure was also determined. Among the four groups of procedures compared, the lower cost was attributed to FNAB, followed by US-FNAB, and SB. IG-CNB was the most

  10. Combined use of fine-needle aspiration biopsy, MIBI scans and frozen section biopsy offers the best diagnostic accuracy in the assessment of the hypofunctioning solitary thyroid nodule

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hurtado-Lopez, Luis Mauricio; Arellano-Montano, Sara; Torres-Acosta, Evelyn Migdalia; Zaldivar-Ramirez, Felipe Rafael; Duarte-Torres, Reyna Margarita; Alonso-de-Ruiz, Patricia; Martinez-Duncker, Ivan [Thyroid Clinic, General Hospital of Mexico, Mexico City (Mexico); Martinez-Duncker, Carlos [Thyroid Clinic, General Hospital of Mexico, Mexico City (Mexico); Molecular Nuclear Medicine, Hospital Infantil de Mexico, Mexico (Mexico)

    2004-09-01

    The probability of malignancy is increased in hypofunctioning solitary thyroid nodules (HFNs). Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNA), {sup 99m}Tc-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI) and frozen section biopsy (FS) have limited independent diagnostic accuracy for the differential diagnosis of HFNs. The goal of this study was to assess the accuracy of the three independent diagnostic methods in distinguishing between benign and malignant disease. A total of 130 patients with an HFN on the {sup 99m}Tc-pertechnetate scan were included in this study. FNA, MIBI scans, FS, thyroidectomy and histological analysis of surgical specimens for final diagnosis were performed in all patients. Of the 130 patients, 80 (61.54%) had benign lesions and 50 (38.46%), malignant lesions. FNA was diagnostic in 78/130 (60%) patients and non-diagnostic in 52/130 (40%) patients. None of the patients with a negative MIBI scan had a final histological diagnosis of malignancy, and MIBI scans were negative in 38.46% of patients with non-diagnostic FNA results. FS was diagnostic in 104/130 (80%) patients and non-diagnostic in 26/130 (20%) patients. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values and positive and negative likelihood ratios were 81.3%, 97.8%, 96%, 88%, 36.95 and 0.19 respectively for FNA; 100%, 61.3%, 61.7%, 100%, 2.58 and 0 respectively for MIBI; and 80.5%, 100%, 100%, 89%, 0 and 0.2 respectively for FS. Use of both MIBI scans and FS in patients with non-diagnostic FNA rendered a specificity and sensitivity of 100%. MIBI scans exclude malignancy in a significant proportion of patients with non-diagnostic FNAs (38% in this study). Cystic nodules with a positive MIBI scan should be further investigated even when the FNA result indicates a benign lesion. Combined use of FNA, MIBI and FS offers the best diagnostic accuracy. (orig.)

  11. Fibroadenoma versus phyllodes tumor: distinguishing factors in patients diagnosed with fibroepithelial lesions after a core needle biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiratkapun, Cholatip; Piyapan, Pawat; Lertsithichai, Panuwat; Larbcharoensub, Noppadol

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE We aimed to identify factors that might help differentiate phyllodes tumors from fibroadenomas among cases in which a fibroepithelial breast lesion was diagnosed from core needle biopsy (CNB) under imaging guidance. MATERIALS AND METHODS A retrospective review was performed on 213 lesions in 200 patients who had undergone both CNB and excisional biopsy during a four-year period between 2008 and 2011. The final pathology revealed 173 fibroadenomas and 40 phyllodes tumors. The data, including patient characteristics, clinical presentation, and mammography, ultrasonography (US), and pathology findings were analyzed. RESULTS Upon univariable analysis, the factors that significantly helped to identify phyllodes tumors consisted of the presenting symptoms (palpable mass or breast pain), increased size on clinical examination, hyperdense mass on mammogram, and the following three US features: heterogeneous echo, presence of round cysts within the mass, and presence of clefts within the mass. The pathologist’s suggestion of a phyllodes tumor was also helpful. The factors that remained statistically significant upon multivariable analysis consisted of symptoms of breast pain, the presence of clefts on US, the presence of round cysts on US and the pathologist’s favoring of phyllodes tumors from a CNB specimen. CONCLUSION A multidisciplinary approach was needed to distinguish phyllodes tumors from fibroadenomas in patients who had undergone CNB. US findings (clefts and round cysts), suggestive pathological diagnoses, and clinical symptoms were all useful for the decision to surgically remove the fibroepithelial lesions diagnosed from CNB. PMID:24356293

  12. Is it possible to predict low-volume and insignificant prostate cancer by core needle biopsies?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berg, Kasper Drimer; Toft, Birgitte Grønkaer; Røder, Martin Andreas

    2013-01-01

    M: tumour ≤5% of total prostate volume and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) ≤10 ng/mL. In all definitions, Gleason score (GS) was ≤6 and the tumour was organ confined. Biopsies alone performed poorly as a predictor of unifocal and unilateral cancer in the prostatectomy specimens with positive predictive......In an attempt to minimize overtreatment of localized prostate cancer (PCa) active surveillance (AS) and minor invasive procedures have received increased attention. We investigated the accuracy of pre-operative findings in defining insignificant disease and distinguishing between unilateral.......9% and 12.0%, respectively, for identifying InsigM, InsigW and InsigE in the prostate specimen. Conclusively, routine prostate biopsies cannot predict unifocal and unilateral PCa, and must be regarded insufficient to select patients for focal therapy. Although candidates for AS may be identified using...

  13. Using a Motion Sensor-Equipped Smartphone to Facilitate CT-Guided Puncture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hirata, Masaaki, E-mail: masaaki314@gmail.com [Matsuyama Shimin Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan); Watanabe, Ryouhei; Koyano, Yasuhiro [Matsuyama Shimin Hospital, Department of Surgery (Japan); Sugata, Shigenori; Takeda, Yukie [Ehime Prefectural Imabari Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan); Nakamura, Seiji; Akamune, Akihisa [Matsuyama Shimin Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan); Tsuda, Takaharu; Mochizuki, Teruhito [Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Japan)

    2017-04-15

    PurposeTo demonstrate the use of “Smart Puncture,” a smartphone application to assist conventional CT-guided puncture without CT fluoroscopy, and to describe the advantages of this application.Materials and MethodsA puncture guideline is displayed by entering the angle into the application. Regardless of the angle at which the device is being held, the motion sensor ensures that the guideline is displayed at the appropriate angle with respect to gravity. The angle of the smartphone’s liquid crystal display (LCD) is also detected, preventing needle deflection from the CT slice image. Physicians can perform the puncture procedure by advancing the needle using the guideline while the smartphone is placed adjacent to the patient. In an experimental puncture test using a sponge as a target, the target was punctured at 30°, 50°, and 70° when the device was tilted to 0°, 15°, 30°, and 45°, respectively. The punctured target was then imaged with a CT scan, and the puncture error was measured.ResultsThe mean puncture error in the plane parallel to the LCD was less than 2°, irrespective of device tilt. The mean puncture error in the sagittal plane was less than 3° with no device tilt. However, the mean puncture error tended to increase when the tilt was increased.ConclusionThis application can transform a smartphone into a valuable tool that is capable of objectively and accurately assisting CT-guided puncture procedures.

  14. Using a Motion Sensor-Equipped Smartphone to Facilitate CT-Guided Puncture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirata, Masaaki; Watanabe, Ryouhei; Koyano, Yasuhiro; Sugata, Shigenori; Takeda, Yukie; Nakamura, Seiji; Akamune, Akihisa; Tsuda, Takaharu; Mochizuki, Teruhito

    2017-04-01

    To demonstrate the use of "Smart Puncture," a smartphone application to assist conventional CT-guided puncture without CT fluoroscopy, and to describe the advantages of this application. A puncture guideline is displayed by entering the angle into the application. Regardless of the angle at which the device is being held, the motion sensor ensures that the guideline is displayed at the appropriate angle with respect to gravity. The angle of the smartphone's liquid crystal display (LCD) is also detected, preventing needle deflection from the CT slice image. Physicians can perform the puncture procedure by advancing the needle using the guideline while the smartphone is placed adjacent to the patient. In an experimental puncture test using a sponge as a target, the target was punctured at 30°, 50°, and 70° when the device was tilted to 0°, 15°, 30°, and 45°, respectively. The punctured target was then imaged with a CT scan, and the puncture error was measured. The mean puncture error in the plane parallel to the LCD was less than 2°, irrespective of device tilt. The mean puncture error in the sagittal plane was less than 3° with no device tilt. However, the mean puncture error tended to increase when the tilt was increased. This application can transform a smartphone into a valuable tool that is capable of objectively and accurately assisting CT-guided puncture procedures.

  15. The value of core needle biopsy in differential diagnosis of mediastinal T lymphoblastic lymphoma and type B1 thymoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lu SUN

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective To analyze the clinical and pathological characteristics of T lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL and type B1 thymoma in the mediastinum, and to improve the accuracy of differential diagnosis between two diseases. Methods  Pathology of consecutive 34 cases of T-LBL and 10 cases of type B1 thymoma were reviewed in this study. All the initial diagnosis was made with core needle biopsy specimens of mediastinal masses and confirmed by subsequent chemotherapy and/or excision biopsy specimens. The clinical and pathological features of T-LBL and type B1 thymoma were compared by reviewing clinical records and analysis of HE and immunohistochemical staining sections. The chi-square test was used for statistic analysis. Results The mean age of the patients with type B1 thymoma was 43 years, and the ratio of male to female was 2:3, while the patients with T-LBL were much younger (with mean age of 25, 73% of them younger than 30 years old and the male to female ratio was 3.3:1. All the T-LBL cases presented symptoms including chest tightness, shortness of breath and cough. Three patients of thymoma complained of chest tightness and shortness of breath, and 2 cases presented symptoms of myasthenia gravis. Imaging examination showed solitary mass in anterior mediastinum in patients of both groups, 88% of the T-LBL patients had mass>10cm, while accounting for 50% in B1 thymoma patients. Concurrent pleural effusion was only observed in the T-LBL patients. Histopathologically, T-LBL and thymoma showed significant differences, including the infiltration of tumor cells in fibrous tissue (65% in T-LBL vs 0% in thymoma, invasion of peripheral fat tissue (59% vs 20%, invasion of skeletal muscle (41% vs 0%, tumor necrosis (21% vs 0%, and remaining of thymus lobular structure was found in only 3% of T-LBL. Intact cytokeratin network was shown in B1 thymoma (100% by immunohistochemical staining. Conclusions Patients' gender, age, clinical features and

  16. High-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia in needle biopsy as risk factor for detection of adenocarcinoma: current level of risk in screening population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gokden, Neriman; Roehl, Kimberly A; Catalona, William J; Humphrey, Peter A

    2005-03-01

    To assess the current incidence of prostate carcinoma detection in serial biopsies in a prostate-specific antigen-based screening population after a diagnosis of isolated high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (HG-PIN) in needle biopsy tissue. We retrospectively identified 190 men with a diagnosis of isolated HG-PIN in needle biopsy tissue. Most men (86%) were diagnosed from 1996 to 2000. Logistic regression analysis was used to predict the presence of carcinoma in these 190 men and in a control group of 1677 men with only benign prostatic tissue in needle biopsy tissue. The cumulative risk of detection of carcinoma on serial sextant follow-up biopsies was 30.5% for those with isolated HG-PIN compared with 26.2% for the control group (P = 0.2). Patient age (P = 0.03) and serum prostate-specific antigen level (P = 0.02) were significantly linked to the risk of cancer detection, but suspicious digital rectal examination findings (P = 0.1), the presence of HG-PIN (P = 0.2), and the histologic attributes of PIN were not (all with nonsignificant P values). HG-PIN found on the first repeat biopsy was associated with a 41% risk of subsequent detection of carcinoma compared with an 18% risk if benign prostatic tissue was found on the first repeat biopsy (P = 0.01). The results of our study have shown that the current level of risk for the detection of prostate carcinoma in a screened population is 30.5% after a diagnosis of isolated HG-PIN in a needle biopsy. This risk level is lower than the previously reported risk of 33% to 50%. HG-PIN is a risk factor for carcinoma detection only when found on consecutive sextant biopsies. The data presented here should prompt reconsideration of repeat biopsy strategies for HG-PIN, and re-evaluation of the absolute necessity of repeat biopsy for all patients with HG-PIN.

  17. Prostate needle biopsies: interobserver variation and clinical consequences of histopathological re-evaluation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berg, Kasper Drimer; Toft, Birgitte Grønkaer; Røder, Martin Andreas

    2011-01-01

    Histopathological grading of prostate cancer (PCa) is associated with significant interobserver variability. This, as well as clinical consequences of histopathological re-evaluation, was investigated. In 350 patients, histopathological re-evaluations of prostate biopsies were compared with primary...... pathology reports and with histopathology of the radical prostatectomy specimen. The consequences of re-evaluation for clinical workup and treatment of patients according to local algorithms were determined. For Gleason score (GS), complete agreement between primary report and re-evaluation was found in 76...

  18. A Case of Multiple Splenic Lymph angiomas Diagnosed by Percutaneous Needle Biopsy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ki, Seung Seog; Jeong, Sook Hyang; Yoon, Chang Jin; Chang, Se Jung; Choi, Joon Hyuk; Ha, Ji Su; Kim, Soon Je [KEPCO Medical foundation Hanil General Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Hye Seung [Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-06-15

    Lymphangioma of the spleen is an extremely rare disease in adults, and performing splenectomy has been considered necessary for its diagnosis and treatment, but the diagnosis of an isolated splenic mass lesion without performing splenectomy is a challenging problem. Herein, we report on a case of multiple splenic lymphangiomas that were found incidentally in a 56-year-old female; these lesions were diagnosed by percutaneous splenic biopsy without splenectomy. We suggest that this approach is a reasonable option for benign looking-appearing splenic tumors because splenectomy and its postsplenectomy complications can be avoided

  19. Performance indices of needle biopsy procedures for the assessment of screen detected abnormalities in services accredited by BreastScreen Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farshid, Gelareh; Sullivan, Thomas; Jones, Simeon; Roder, David

    2014-01-01

    We wished to analyse patterns of use of needle biopsy procedures by BreastScreen Australia (BSA) accredited programs to identify areas for improvement. BSA services provided anonymous data regarding percutaneous needle biopsy of screen detected lesions assessed between 2005-2009. 12 services, from 5 of 7 Australian states and territories provided data for 18212 lesions biopsied. Preoperative diagnosis rates were 96.84% for lesion other than microcalcification (LOTM) and 93.21% for microcalcifications. At surgery 97.9% impalpable lesions were removed at the first procedure. Of 11548 Microcalcification (LOTM) biopsied, 46.9% were malignant. The final diagnosis was reached by conventional core biopsy (CCB) in 72.46%, FNAB in 21.33%, VACB in 1.69% and open biopsy in 4.52% of lesions. FNA is being limited to LOTM with benign imaging After FNAB, core biopsy was required for 38% of LOTM. In LOTM the mean false positive rate (FPR) was 0.36% for FNAB, 0.06% for NCB and 0% for VACB. Diagnostic accuracy was 72.75% for FNAB and 92.1% for core biopsies combined. Of 6441 microcalcifications biopsied 2305 (35.8%) were malignant. Microcalcifications are being assessed primarily by NCB but 6.57% underwent FNAB, 45.6% of which required NCB. False positive diagnoses were rare. FNR was 5% for NCB and 1.53% for VACB. Diagnostic accuracy was 73.52% for FNAB, 86.29% for NCB and 88.63% for VACB. Only 8 of 12 services had access to VACB facilities. BSA services are selecting lesions effectively for biopsy and are achieving high preoperative diagnosis rates. Gaps in the present accreditation standards require further consideration.

  20. Biopsy - biliary tract

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cytology analysis - biliary tract; Biliary tract biopsy ... A sample for a biliary tract biopsy can be obtained in different ways. A needle biopsy can be done if you have a well-defined tumor. The biopsy site ...

  1. CT-guided coeliac plexus block

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schild, H.; Guenther, R.; Hoffmann, J.; Goedecke, R.

    1983-08-01

    A modified procedure for infiltrating the coeliac plexus for the treatment of chronic pain syndromes is described. The injection of the analgesic is made through a fine needle introduced via a transabdominal approach under CT guidance. The advantages of this technique, compared with the dorsal approach, are a more accurate placement of the solution and the ability to carry out this procedure in very sick patients. No complications have been observed.

  2. MR-guided biopsies of lesions in the retroperitoneal space: technique and results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zangos, S; Eichler, K; Wetter, A; Lehnert, T; Hammerstingl, R; Diebold, T; Reichel, P; Herzog, C; Hansmann, M-L; Mack, M G; Vogl, T J

    2006-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and precision of MRI-guided biopsies of retroperitoneal space-occupying tumors in an open low-field system. In 30 patients with indistinct retroperitoneal tumors [paraaortic lesion (n=20), kidney (n=2), suprarenal gland (n=3) and pancreas (n=5)] MR-guided biopsies were performed using a low-field system (0.2 T, Magnetom Concerto, Siemens, Germany). For the monitoring of the biopsies T1-weighted FLASH sequences (TR/TE=160/5 ms; 90 degrees ) were used in all patients and modified FLASH sequences (TR/TE=160/13 ms; 90 degrees ) in ten patients. After positioning of the needle in the tumors 114 biopsy specimens were acquired in coaxial technique with 16-gauge cutting needles (Somatex, Germany). The biopsies were successfully performed in all patients without vascular or organ injuries. The visualization of the aortic blood flow with MRI facilitated the biopsy procedures of paraaortic lesions. The size of the lesions ranged from 1.6 to 7.5 cm. The median distance of the biopsy access path was 10.4 cm. Adequate specimens were obtained in 28 cases (93.3%) resulting in a correct histological classification of 27 lesions (90%). In conclusion, MR-guided biopsies of retroperitoneal lesions using an open low-field system can be performed safely and accurately and is an alternative to CT-guided biopsies.

  3. MR-guided biopsies of lesions in the retroperitoneal space: technique and results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zangos, S.; Eichler, K.; Wetter, A.; Lehnert, T.; Hammerstingl, R.; Diebold, T.; Reichel, P.; Herzog, C.; Mack, M.G.; Vogl, T.J. [J.W. Goethe University Frankfurt, Institute for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Frankfurt (Germany); Hansmann, M.-L. [J.W. Goethe University Frankfurt, Department of Pathology, Frankfurt (Germany)

    2006-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and precision of MRI-guided biopsies of retroperitoneal space-occupying tumors in an open low-field system. In 30 patients with indistinct retroperitoneal tumors [paraaortic lesion (n=20), kidney (n=2), suprarenal gland (n=3) and pancreas (n=5)] MR-guided biopsies were performed using a low-field system (0.2 T, Magnetom Concerto, Siemens, Germany). For the monitoring of the biopsies T1-weighted FLASH sequences (TR/TE=160/5 ms; 90 ) were used in all patients and modified FLASH sequences (TR/TE=160/13 ms; 90 ) in ten patients. After positioning of the needle in the tumors 114 biopsy specimens were acquired in coaxial technique with 16-gauge cutting needles (Somatex, Germany). The biopsies were successfully performed in all patients without vascular or organ injuries. The visualization of the aortic blood flow with MRI facilitated the biopsy procedures of paraaortic lesions. The size of the lesions ranged from 1.6 to 7.5 cm. The median distance of the biopsy access path was 10.4 cm. Adequate specimens were obtained in 28 cases (93.3%) resulting in a correct histological classification of 27 lesions (90%). In conclusion, MR-guided biopsies of retroperitoneal lesions using an open low-field system can be performed safely and accurately and is an alternative to CT-guided biopsies. (orig.)

  4. Predisposing factors of pneumothorax in percutaneous transthoracic fine needle aspiration biopsy: comparison between CT emphysema score and pulmonary function test

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Chang Ho; Park, Kyung Joo; Park, Dong Won; Jung, Kyung Il; Suh, Jung Ho [Ajou Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-11-01

    To compare the CT emphysema score with various factors of pulmonary function test by simple spirometry and to use the result as a predictor of pneumothorax in percutaneous transthoracic fine needle aspiration biopsy. The CT scans of 106 patients who had undergone percutaneous transthoracic fine needle aspiration biopsy of lung lesions within the previous 18 months were retrospectively reviewed. In 75 of these 106 cases, the results of the pulmonary function test were also reviewed. On plain chest radiography, pneumothorax was noted in 20 cases (19%). Emphysema was blindly evaluated. We divided each lung into four segments and determined the severity and involved volume of emphysema, as seen on CT. Severity was classified as one of four grades, as follow : absence of emphysema=0 ; low attenuation area of less than 5mm=1 ; low attenuation area of more than 5mm, and vascular pruning with normal lung intervening=2 ; and diffuse low attenuation without intervening normal lung, and larger confluent low attenuation with vascular pruning and distortion of branching pattern occupying all or almost all the involved parenchyma=3. The involved area was also classified as one of four grades : less than 25%=1 ; 25 - 49%=2 ; 51 - 74%=3 ; and more than 75%=4. The CT emphysema score was defined as the average of the grade of severity multiplied by the grade of involved area. Pulmonary function tests, consisting of simple spirometry and a pulmonologist's interpretation, were evaluated. We also evaluated depth and size of lesion as known predisposing factors in postbioptic pneumothorax. Statistical analysis was performed using the chi-square test, Wilcoxon ranks sum W test and the student t test. A comparison between the two groups of occurrence(with or without pneumothorax) showed the emphysema scores to be 1.69{+-}2.0 and 1.11{+-}2.9, respectively ; there was thus no significant difference between the two groups (z= - 0.048, p>0.10). Nor were differences revealed by the

  5. Pre-operative diclofenac HPβCD for pain control of needle biopsy in musculoskeletal neoplasm: preliminary results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Arienzo, Antonio; Beltrami, Giovanni; Mancini, Daniele; Scoccianti, Guido; Cuomo, Pierluigi; Muratori, Francesco; Matera, Davide; Ippolito, Massimiliano; Mondanelli, Nicola; Frenos, Filippo; Totti, Francesca; Capanna, Rodolfo

    2015-01-01

    Needle biopsy is the main standard method used for diagnosis of musculoskeletal tumors of the limbs and superficial trunk. Pain control during this procedure is through the use of Local Anaestetic (L.A.). In order to achieve a complete pain control in our cases, recently we started using diclofenac HPβCD 50 mg via s.c. preoperativly. We present the clinical results of a non-randomized study of two eterogeneous groups of patients: "Experimental" Group (1): diclofenac HPβCD 50 mg via s.c. one hour before surgical procedure, local anesthesia and ev. diclofenac HPβCD 50 mg via s.c. 12 hours postoperative; "Conventional" Group (2): local anesthesia and ev. postoperative tramadol 100 mg via oral for pain control. In October 2014, at the Department of Orthopedic Oncology and Reconstructive Surgery of Florence, 37 musculoskeletal biopsies for a bone or a soft tissue lesion were performed. Exclusion criteria for this study were: known allergies to lidocaine, diclofenac, tramadol; known gastric or duodenal ulcers; known gastrointestinal bleed or perforation; refusal of the patients to collaborate. For one or more of these reasons, 6 patients were excluded from this study. In the Group 1, 10 patients (59%) referred no pain during the surgical procedure (8/14 biopsies on soft tissue and 2/3 on bone). In 5 cases (29%) no exacerbation of previous chronic pain, and in 2 cases (12%) a progression of local pain after biopsy (average 1 points higher in the VAS). In Group 2, only 6 patients (42%) did not have any pain during the procedure, 4 (29%) no exacerbation of previous chronic pain and 4 (29%) a progression of local pain (average 2 points higher in the VAS). Despite similar results in both Groups, Group 1 seemed to have a mild better control of perioperative pain. The use of diclofenac HPβCD 50 mg preoperative seems to be a rational approach for minimizing perioperative pain and the preliminary data of our study seem encouraging. Obviously many bias are present in this

  6. Complications in CT-guided Procedures: Do We Really Need Postinterventional CT Control Scans?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nattenmüller, Johanna, E-mail: johanna.nattenmueller@med.uni-heidelberg.de; Filsinger, Matthias, E-mail: Matthias_filsinger@web.de; Bryant, Mark, E-mail: mark.bryant@med.uni-heidelberg.de; Stiller, Wolfram, E-mail: Wolfram.Stiller@med.uni-heidelberg.de; Radeleff, Boris, E-mail: boris.radeleff@med.uni-heidelberg.de; Grenacher, Lars, E-mail: lars.grenacher@med.uni-heidelberg.de; Kauczor, Hans-Ullrich, E-mail: hu.kauczor@med.uni-heidelberg.de; Hosch, Waldemar, E-mail: waldemar.hosch@urz.uni-heidelberg.de [University Hospital Heidelberg, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany)

    2013-06-19

    PurposeThe aim of this study is twofold: to determine the complication rate in computed tomography (CT)-guided biopsies and drainages, and to evaluate the value of postinterventional CT control scans.MethodsRetrospective analysis of 1,067 CT-guided diagnostic biopsies (n = 476) and therapeutic drainages (n = 591) in thoracic (n = 37), abdominal (n = 866), and musculoskeletal (ms) (n = 164) locations. Severity of any complication was categorized as minor or major. To assess the need for postinterventional CT control scans, it was determined whether complications were detected clinically, on peri-procedural scans or on postinterventional scans only.ResultsThe complication rate was 2.5 % in all procedures (n = 27), 4.4 % in diagnostic punctures, and 1.0 % in drainages; 13.5 % in thoracic, 2.0 % in abdominal, and 3.0 % in musculoskeletal procedures. There was only 1 major complication (0.1 %). Pneumothorax (n = 14) was most frequent, followed by bleeding (n = 9), paresthesia (n = 2), material damage (n = 1), and bone fissure (n = 1). Postinterventional control acquisitions were performed in 65.7 % (701 of 1,067). Six complications were solely detectable in postinterventional control acquisitions (3 retroperitoneal bleeds, 3 pneumothoraces); all other complications were clinically detectable (n = 4) and/or visible in peri-interventional controls (n = 21).ConclusionComplications in CT-guided interventions are rare. Of these, thoracic interventions had the highest rate, while pneumothoraces and bleeding were most frequent. Most complications can be detected clinically or peri-interventionally. To reduce the radiation dose, postinterventional CT controls should not be performed routinely and should be restricted to complicated or retroperitoneal interventions only.

  7. Correlation of maximum breast carcinoma dimension on needle core biopsy and subsequent excisional biopsy: a retrospective study of 50 non-palpable imaging-detected cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozerdem, Ugur; Hoda, Syed A

    2014-09-01

    There are scant data on the correlation of maximum tumor dimension (MTD) in needle core biopsy (NCB) and in subsequent excisional biopsy (EXB) with various pre-NCB imaging studies (VIS)-especially in the context of screen-detected invasive carcinoma (SIC). Retrospectively studied were consecutive (2012-2013) non-palpable, SIC diagnosed on NCB with subsequent EXB. Data on MTD on VIS (either mammogram, or ultrasound, or MRI), NCB and EXC were analyzed. Mean MTD on VIS was 12.5mm (range: 0-45 mm). Mean MTD on NCB was 6.7 mm (range: 1-15 mm). Mean residual MTD on EXB was 12.9 mm (range: 0-40 mm). Mean number of NCB performed per SIC was 5 (range: 1-13). Overall, 81% of all NCB were involved by SIC. The difference between MTD at EXC and VIS was statistically not significant (p>0.05). Spearman correlation coefficient for MTD on VIS and EXC was r=0.8718 (pNCB-calculated by using Aperio whole slide scanning and NIH Image J image analysis was 95.5mm(3) (range: 4.3-887.5mm(3), median: 23 mm(3)). A Bland-Altman plot showed that MTD of ≥ 7 mm on EXB is a useful cut-off point predictive of (any) increase in MTD at EXB. Six of the 13 patients with MTDNCB (with a mean combined Nottingham grade score of 5 {r: 4-6} showed decrease in MTD at EXB. In this pilot study of SIC, (i) MTD on VIS was predictive of MTD on EXB, (ii) MTD of ≥ 7 mm on NCB was predictive of an increased MTD on EXB in most cases, with potential for "upstaging" tumors, and (iii) MTD of NCB was predictive of decreased MTD on EXB in 20.8% of (mostly grade I) SIC. Procured tissue volume on NCB contributed to decrease in MTD on EXB in small, low-grade carcinomas. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  8. Transretroperitoneal CT-guided Embolization of Growing Internal Iliac Artery Aneurysm after Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: A Transretroperitoneal Approach with Intramuscular Lidocaine Injection Technique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Joon Young, E-mail: pjy1331@hanmail.net; Kim, Shin Jung, E-mail: witdd2@hanmail.net; Kim, Hyoung Ook, E-mail: chaos821209@hanmail.net [Chonnam National University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Yong Tae, E-mail: mono-111@hanmail.net [Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Department of Radiology (Korea, Republic of); Lim, Nam Yeol, E-mail: apleseed@hanmail.net; Kim, Jae Kyu, E-mail: kjkrad@jnu.ac.kr [Chonnam National University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Korea, Republic of); Chung, Sang Young, E-mail: sycpvts@jnu.ac.kr; Choi, Soo Jin Na, E-mail: choisjn@jnu.ac.kr; Lee, Ho Kyun, E-mail: mhaha@hanmail.net [Chonnam National University Hospital, Department of Surgery (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-02-15

    This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of CT-guided embolization of internal iliac artery aneurysm (IIAA) after repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm by transretroperitoneal approach using the lidocaine injection technique to iliacus muscle, making window for safe needle path for three patients for whom CT-guided embolization of IIAA was performed by transretroperitoneal approach with intramuscular lidocaine injection technique. Transretroperitoneal access to the IIAA was successful in all three patients. In all three patients, the IIAA was first embolized using microcoils. The aneurysmal sac was then embolized with glue and coils without complication. With a mean follow-up of 7 months, the volume of the IIAAs remained stable without residual endoleaks. Transretroperitoneal CT-guided embolization of IIAA using intramuscular lidocaine injection technique is effective, safe, and results in good outcome.

  9. Lean Six Sigma Applied to Ultrasound Guided Needle Biopsy in the Head and Neck.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matt, Bruce H; Woodward-Hagg, Heather K; Wade, Christopher L; Butler, Penny D; Kokoska, Mimi S

    2014-07-01

    (1) Confirm the positive value stream of office-based ultrasound using Lean Six Sigma; (2) demonstrate how ultrasound reduces time to diagnosis, costs, patient inconvenience and travel, exposure to ionizing radiation, intravenous contrast, and laboratory tests. Case series with historical controls using chart review. Tertiary Veterans Administration Hospital (university-affiliated). Patients with a consult request or decision for ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration (USFNA) from 2006 to 2012. Process evaluation using Lean Six Sigma methodologies; years study conducted: 2006-2012; outcome measurements: type of diagnostic tests and imaging studies including CT scans with associated radiation exposure, time to preliminary and final cytopathologic diagnosis, episodes of patient travel. Value stream mapping prior to and after implementing office-based ultrasound confirmed the time from consult request or decision for USFNA to completion of the USFNA was reduced from a range of 0 to 286 days requiring a maximum 17 steps to a range of 0 to 48 days, necessitating only a maximum of 9 steps. Office-based USFNA for evaluation of head and neck lesions reduced costs, time to diagnosis, risks and inconvenience to patients, radiation exposure, unnecessary laboratory, and patient complaints while increasing staff satisfaction. In addition, office-based ultrasound also changed the clinical management of specific patients. Lean Six Sigma reduces waste and optimizes quality and accuracy in manufacturing. This is the first known application of Lean Six Sigma to office-based USFNA in the evaluation of head and neck lesions. The literature supports the value of office-based ultrasound to patients and health care systems. © American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery Foundation 2014.

  10. Diagnosis and typing of systemic amyloidosis: The role of abdominal fat pad fine needle aspiration biopsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halloush Ruba

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Systemic amyloidosis (SA has a broad nonspecific clinical presentation. Its diagnosis depends on identifying amyloid in tissues. Abdominal fat pad fine needle aspiration (FPFNA has been suggested as a sensitive and specific test for diagnosing SA. Materials and Methods: Thirty-nine FPFNA from 38 patients (16 women and 20 men, age range 40-88 years during a 15-year period were reviewed. Smears and cell blocks were stained with Congo red (CR. A panel of antibodies (serum amyloid protein, serum amyloid A, albumin, transthyretin, kappa light chain and lambda light chain was used on six cell blocks from five patients. The FNA findings were correlated with clinical and histological follow-up. Results: FPFNAs were positive, confirmed by CR in 5/39 (13%, suspicious in 1/39 (3%, negative in 28/39 (72%, and insufficient for diagnosis in 5/39 (13% of cases. In all the positive cases, SA was confirmed within 2-16 weeks. Among the 28 negative cases, SA was diagnosed in 21, the rest were lost to follow-up. Among the insufficient cases, SA was diagnosed in four and one was lost to follow-up. Specificity was 100%, whereas sensitivity was 19%. SA typing using cell block sections was successful in three, un-interpretable in one, and negative in two cases. Conclusion: FPFNA for SA is not as good as previously reported. This may be due to different practice setting, level of experience, diagnostic technique, or absence of abdominal soft tissue involvement. A negative result of FPFNA does not exclude SA. Immune phenotyping of amyloid is possible on cell block.

  11. Assessment of radiographer CT-guided dorsal ganglion block

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Booth, T.C., E-mail: tombooth@doctors.org.uk [Department of Radiology, Royal Free Hospital NHS Trust, Pond Street, London NW3 2QG (United Kingdom); Edwards, D.; Platts, A.D.; Savy, L.E. [Department of Radiology, Royal Free Hospital NHS Trust, Pond Street, London NW3 2QG (United Kingdom)

    2011-08-15

    Purpose: Radiographer-performed, CT-guided, therapeutic dorsal ganglion block (DGB) for lumbar radiculopathy was prospectively evaluated for firstly, short-term pain outcomes and secondly, complications. Methods: A prospective outcome audit was undertaken for all patients with radiculopathic pain undergoing radiographer-performed CT-guided DGB over a 12 month period. The indicators and standards were derived from published evidence. The complications were analysed by a neuroradiologist retrospectively. Findings: The pain indicator was defined as 'the percentage of patients referred for CT-guided DGB experiencing improvement or resolution of pain at two weeks post-procedure'. The standard chosen was 64% thus with an outcome of 67% the target was achieved. The complication indicator was defined as 'the percentage of all patients referred for CT-guided DGB who were complication-free over two weeks'. The standard chosen was 97% thus with an outcome of 81% the target was not achieved. Complications resulted from positioning or inaccurate nerve root selection. Conclusion: Radiographer CT-guided DGB is effective in improving or removing pain at two weeks post-procedure. It is safe and not associated with major complications. However, less patients were complication-free following DGB than would be expected. Pre-procedural review of the patient's MRI by a neuroradiologist is recommended to avoid incorrect nerve root selection.

  12. Breast Intraductal Papillomas without Atypia in Radiologic-Pathologic Concordant Core Needle Biopsies: Predictors of Upgrade to Carcinoma at Excision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pareja, Fresia; Corben, Adriana; Brennan, Sandra; Murray, Melissa P.; Bowser, Zenica; Jakate, Kiran; Sebastiano, Christopher; Morrow, Monica; Morris, Elizabeth; Brogi, Edi

    2016-01-01

    Background The surgical management of breast intraductal papilloma without atypia (IDP) identified at core needle biopsy (CNB) is controversial. We assessed the rate of upgrade to carcinoma at surgical excision, and identified parameters predictive of upgrade. Methods We identified women with CNB diagnosis of intraductal papilloma without atypia or carcinoma at our center between 2003 and 2013. Radiologic-pathologic concordance was assessed for all cases, and discordant cases were excluded. We correlated the radiologic and clinicopathologic features of patients with CNB diagnosis of IDP with upgrade to carcinoma at surgical excision. Results Our study population consists of 189 women with 196 IDPs; 166 women (171 IDPs) underwent excision. The upgrade rate was 2.3% (4/171). The upgrade lesions were 2 invasive lobular carcinomas and 2 cases of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). One case of DCIS involved the residual IDP, whereas the other 3 carcinomas were ≥8 mm away. Twenty-four women (25 IDPs) did not undergo excision, and had stable imaging at follow-up (median of 23.5 months). Conclusions The upgrade rate at excision of IDP diagnosed at CNB with radiologic-pathologic concordance is 2.3%. Our findings suggest that observation is appropriate for patients with radiologic-pathologic concordant CNB yielding IDP, regardless of its size. PMID:27315013

  13. Fibroepithelial breast lesions diagnosed by core needle biopsy demonstrate a moderate rate of upstaging to phyllodes tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcil, Gabriel; Wong, Stephanie; Trabulsi, Nora; Allard-Coutu, Alexandra; Parsyan, Armen; Omeroglu, Atilla; Atinel, Gulbeyaz; Mesurolle, Benoit; Meterissian, Sarkis

    2017-08-01

    Fibroepithelial lesions of the breast (FEL) are atypical lesions diagnosed on core-needle biopsy. The purpose of this study was to determine the rate at which FELs are upstaged to phyllodes tumor on excision, and to examine the clinical and radiological factors that may be predictive of upstaging. A retrospective review from the medical records of patients diagnosed with FEL on CNB at a single institution between 2010 and 2015 was performed. Patients diagnosed with benign or borderline phyllodes tumors were compared to those diagnosed with fibroadenoma. Of 74 patients diagnosed with FEL, 48 underwent excision (64.9%). Of the 48 lesions excised, pathology revealed 30 fibroadenomas (62.5%), 14 benign phyllodes tumors (29.2%), and 4 borderline phyllodes tumor (8.3%). No malignant phyllodes tumors were identified. On preoperative ultrasound, heterogeneous echotexture (p = 0.03) and lack of internal vascularity (p = 0.03) were significantly associated with upstaging to phyllodes tumor. Surgical excision of FELs yield a pathological diagnosis of benign and borderline phyllodes tumor in 37.5% of cases. A high BIRADs score (≥4b), heterogeneous echotexture and lack of internal vascularity on ultrasound may help predict upstaging to phyllodes tumor. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. A histomorphologic predictive model for axillary lymph node metastasis in preoperative breast cancer core needle biopsy according to intrinsic subtypes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoo, Su Hyun; Park, In Ae; Chung, Yul Ri; Kim, Hyojin; Lee, Keehwan; Noh, Dong-Young; Im, Seock-Ah; Han, Wonshik; Moon, Hyeong-Gon; Lee, Kyung-Hun; Ryu, Han Suk

    2015-02-01

    The aim of this study is construction of a pathologic nomogram that can predict axillary lymph node metastasis (LNM) for each intrinsic subtype of breast cancer with regard to histologic characteristics in breast core needle biopsy (CNB) for use in routine practice. A total of 534 CNBs with invasive ductal carcinoma classified into 5 intrinsic subtypes were enrolled. Eighteen clinicopathological characteristics and 8 molecular markers used in CNB were evaluated for construction of the best predictive model of LNM. In addition to conventional parameters including tumor multiplicity (P predictive factors for LNM. A combination of 8 statistically independent parameters yielded the strongest predictive performance with an area under the curve of 0.760 for LNM. A combination of 6 independent variables, including tumor number, tumor size, histologic grade, lymphatic invasion, micropapillary structure, and small cell-like crush artifact produced the best predictive performance for LNM in luminal A intrinsic subtype (area under the curve, 0.791). Thus, adding these combinations of clinical and morphologic parameters in preoperative CNB is expected to enhance the accuracy of prediction of LNM in breast cancer, which might serve as another valuable tool in determining optimal surgical strategies for breast cancer patients. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. [The Diagnostic Value of Endobronchial Ultrasound-guided Needle Aspiration Biopsy for Lung or Mediastinal Lymph Node Cancer and Tuberculosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ye; Zhu, Hui; Yang, Sai; Wang, Ke; Tian, Pan-Wen; Shi, Jing-Yu; Han, Qing-Bing; Luo, Yong-Xiao; Luo, Feng-Min; Li, Wei-Min

    2017-05-01

    To determine the value of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in diagnosing lung or mediastinal lymph node cancer and tuberculosis. Clinical and pathological data of 553 patients who underwent EBUS-TBNA from January 2013 to September 2016 in West China Hospital of Sichuan University were reviewed. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of EBUS-TBNA for diagnosing lymph node tumor and tuberculosis of hilar and mediastinal lymph nodes were calculated. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of EBUS-TBNA in diagnosing hilar and mediastinal lymph node cancer were 89.2% (263/295), 100% (247/247) and 94.1% (510/542), respectively, compared with 70% (76/117), 97.2% (385/396) and 89.9% (461/513), respectively, for diagnosing tuberculosis identified though granulomatous biopsy. In the 102 cases with acid fast staining and TB-PCR, 63.7% accuracy (58/91), 90.9% (10/11) sensitivity and 66.7% (68/102) specificity were found for any positive findings from acid fast bacilli or TB-DNA. EBUS-TBNA has high sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing hilar and mediastinal tumor, which can be used in combination with acid fast staining and TB-PCR for diagnosing tuberculosis.

  16. Stromal tissue as an adjunct tool in the diagnosis of follicular thyroid lesions by fine-needle aspiration biopsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kien T Mai

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The stroma in fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB of thyroid lesions has not been well investigated. Design : We studied 256 consecutive cases of thyroid FNAB prepared with traditional smear technique. The stroma was categorized: Type 1a consisted of long (more than 3 mm, broad bands composed of mesh containing collagen fibrils thickened by entrapped blood components and follicular cells. Type 1b consisted of dense strands/bands. Type 2 was similar to Type 1a but with shorter (<2 mm and looser stromal strands. Results : Types 1a and b showed straight/curved/circular branching patterns suggestive of incomplete frameworks of nodular/papillary architectures or fragments of capsule. Type 1b stroma likely represented thick/collagenized fibrous septae. Incomplete or complete rings of small encapsulated tumor were occasionally identified. These frameworks of stroma were frequently associated with multinodular goiters (MNGs which are often hypocellular and follicular neoplasms/papillary thyroid carcinoma with increased cellularity. Type 2 was associated with microfollicles in encapsulated neoplasms or with macrofollicles in MNG. Follicular lesions of unknown significance (n = 41 either negative (n = 26 or positive (n = 15 for carcinoma in subsequent follow-up were frequently associated with stroma characteristic of MNG and carcinoma, respectively. Conclusion : The preservation of the in vivo architecture of Type 1 is likely due to its elasticity. Recognition of the stromal architecture will likely facilitate the diagnosis.

  17. Thyroid Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsies in Children: Study of Cytological-Histological Correlation and Immunostaining with Thyroid Peroxidase Monoclonal Antibodies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bauer Andrew

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Context. There is limited data comparing results of fine needle aspiration biopsies (FNABs to histological diagnosis in children. Design. FNABs were performed in 707 children and cytological results were compared to histology in 165 cases. The usefulness of immunostaining with anti-TPO monoclonal antibodies (MoAb47 on FNAB samples was examined in 54 operated patients. Results. Among unsatisfactory, benign, suspicious, and malignant FNAB, the histological diagnoses were benign in 12/12 (100%, 69/70 (98.5%, 40/50 (80.0%, and 0/33 (0%, respectively. After surgery, malignancy was established in 44/165 (26.6% cases. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values were 95.4%, 55.8%, 61.7%, and 95% with standard FNAB; and 100%, 75%, 73.3, and 100% with MoAb47. Among suspicious FNAB, positive MoAb47 staining was a reliable marker for exclusion of malignancy. Conclusion. Benign and malignant FNAB accurately predict histological diagnosis. In suspicious FNAB, MoAb47 immunostaining may be a useful adjunct to standard cytology.

  18. Sensitivity of computed tomography-guided transthoracic biopsies in a Nigerian tertiary institution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunday Adoga Edaigbini

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The indications for open biopsies for intrathoracic lesions have become almost negligible. This development was made possible by less invasive maneuvers such as computed tomography-guided (CT-guided biopsy, thoracoscopy or video-assisted thoracoscopy, and bronchoscopy. CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy was first reported in 1976. Aim of Study: The aim of the study is to report our experience with CT-guided transthoracic biopsy. Materials and Methods: Patients with clinical and radiological evidence of intrathoracic mass were counseled and consent obtained for the procedure. They were positioned in the gantry, either supine or prone. A scout scan of the entire chest was taken at 5 mm intervals. The procedure was carried out by the consultants and senior registrar. Following visualization of the lesion, its position in terms of depth and distance from the midline was measured with the machine in centimeter to determine the point of insertion of the trucut needle (14–18-G. The presumed site of the lesion was indicated with a metallic object held in place with two to three strips of plasters after cleaning the site with Povidone-iodine. After insertion, repeat scans were performed to confirm that the needle was within the mass. A minimum of 3 core cuts was taken to be certain that the samples were representative. The results were analyzed by the determination of means and percentages. Results: Twenty-six patients underwent this procedure between 2011 and 2015. There were 15 males and 11 females (M:F = 1.4:1. The age range was between 30 and 99 years with a mean of 55 years. Histological diagnosis was obtained in 24 of the patients giving sensitivity of 92.3%. There were 3 mild complications giving a rate of 11.5%. The complications included a case of mild hemoptysis and two patients who had mild pneumothoraces which did not require tube thoracostomy. Conclusion: CT-guided biopsy is a reliable procedure for obtaining deep

  19. Evaluation of the tumor registration error in biopsy procedures performed under real-time PET/CT guidance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fanchon, Louise M; Apte, Adytia; Schmidtlein, C Ross; Yorke, Ellen; Hu, Yu-Chi; Dogan, Snjezana; Hatt, Mathieu; Visvikis, Dimitris; Humm, John L; Solomon, Stephen B; Kirov, Assen S

    2017-10-01

    The purpose of this study is to quantify tumor displacement during real-time PET/CT guided biopsy and to investigate correlations between tumor displacement and false-negative results. 19 patients who underwent real-time 18 F-FDG PET-guided biopsy and were found positive for malignancy were included in this study under IRB approval. PET/CT images were acquired for all patients within minutes prior to biopsy to visualize the FDG-avid region and plan the needle insertion. The biopsy needle was inserted and a post-insertion CT scan was acquired. The two CT scans acquired before and after needle insertion were registered using a deformable image registration (DIR) algorithm. The DIR deformation vector field (DVF) was used to calculate the mean displacement between the pre-insertion and post-insertion CT scans for a region around the tip of the biopsy needle. For 12 patients one biopsy core from each was tracked during histopathological testing to investigate correlations of the mean displacement between the two CT scans and false-negative or true-positive biopsy results. For 11 patients, two PET scans were acquired; one at the beginning of the procedure, pre-needle insertion, and an additional one with the needle in place. The pre-insertion PET scan was corrected for intraprocedural motion by applying the DVF. The corrected PET was compared with the post-needle insertion PET to validate the correction method. The mean displacement of tissue around the needle between the pre-biopsy CT and the postneedle insertion CT was 5.1 mm (min = 1.1 mm, max = 10.9 mm and SD = 3.0 mm). For mean displacements larger than 7.2 mm, the biopsy cores gave false-negative results. Correcting pre-biopsy PET using the DVF improved the PET/CT registration in 8 of 11 cases. The DVF obtained from DIR of the CT scans can be used for evaluation and correction of the error in needle placement with respect to the FDG-avid area. Misregistration between the pre-biopsy PET and the CT acquired with the

  20. Retrocrural splanchnic nerve alchohol neurolysis with a CT-guided anterior transaortic approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fields, S. [Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem (Israel)

    1996-01-01

    Retrocrural splanchnic nerve alcohol neurolysis with a CT-guided anterior transonic approach, a new method for splanchnic block alleviation of chronic abdominal pain, is described. Ten patients with chronic abdominal pain requiring narcotic treatment, six with pancreatic carcinoma, one with gastric carcinoma, two with chronic pancreatitis, and one with pain of unknown etiology, were referred for splanchnic nerve neurolysis. With CT guidance, a 20 gauge needle was placed through the aorta into the retrocrural space at T11-T12, and 5-15 ml 96% alcohol was injected into the retrocrural space. Following the procedure, 6 of 10 patients were pain free, 2 patients had temporary pain relief, and 2 patients were without response. There were no significant complications. CT-guided anterior transaortic retrocrural splanchnic nerve alcohol neurolysis is technically feasible, easier to perform than the classic posterolateral approach, and may have less risk of complications. The success rate in this initial trial was reasonable and, therefore, this technique provides an additional method for the treatment of abdominal pain. 12 refs., 2 figs.

  1. Comparing Effective Doses During Image-Guided Core Needle Biopsies with Computed Tomography Versus C-Arm Cone Beam CT Using Adult and Pediatric Phantoms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ben-Shlomo, A. [Soreq NRC, Radiation Protection Domain (Israel); Cohen, D.; Bruckheimer, E. [Schneider Children’s Medical Center, Section of Pediatric Cardiology (Israel); Bachar, G. N.; Konstantinovsky, R. [Rabin Medical Center, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (Israel); Birk, E. [Schneider Children’s Medical Center, Section of Pediatric Cardiology (Israel); Atar, E., E-mail: elia@clalit.org.il [Rabin Medical Center, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (Israel)

    2016-05-15

    PurposeTo compare the effective doses of needle biopsies based on dose measurements and simulations using adult and pediatric phantoms, between cone beam c-arm CT (CBCT) and CT.MethodEffective doses were calculated and compared based on measurements and Monte Carlo simulations of CT- and CBCT-guided biopsy procedures of the lungs, liver, and kidney using pediatric and adult phantoms.ResultsThe effective doses for pediatric and adult phantoms, using our standard protocols for upper, middle and lower lungs, liver, and kidney biopsies, were significantly lower under CBCT guidance than CT. The average effective dose for a 5-year old for these five biopsies was 0.36 ± 0.05 mSv with the standard CBCT exposure protocols and 2.13 ± 0.26 mSv with CT. The adult average effective dose for the five biopsies was 1.63 ± 0.22 mSv with the standard CBCT protocols and 8.22 ± 1.02 mSv using CT. The CT effective dose was higher than CBCT protocols for child and adult phantoms by 803 and 590 % for upper lung, 639 and 525 % for mid-lung, and 461 and 251 % for lower lung, respectively. Similarly, the effective dose was higher by 691 and 762 % for liver and 513 and 608 % for kidney biopsies.ConclusionsBased on measurements and simulations with pediatric and adult phantoms, radiation effective doses during image-guided needle biopsies of the lung, liver, and kidney are significantly lower with CBCT than with CT.

  2. Comparing Effective Doses During Image-Guided Core Needle Biopsies with Computed Tomography Versus C-Arm Cone Beam CT Using Adult and Pediatric Phantoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben-Shlomo, A; Cohen, D; Bruckheimer, E; Bachar, G N; Konstantinovsky, R; Birk, E; Atar, E

    2016-05-01

    To compare the effective doses of needle biopsies based on dose measurements and simulations using adult and pediatric phantoms, between cone beam c-arm CT (CBCT) and CT. Effective doses were calculated and compared based on measurements and Monte Carlo simulations of CT- and CBCT-guided biopsy procedures of the lungs, liver, and kidney using pediatric and adult phantoms. The effective doses for pediatric and adult phantoms, using our standard protocols for upper, middle and lower lungs, liver, and kidney biopsies, were significantly lower under CBCT guidance than CT. The average effective dose for a 5-year old for these five biopsies was 0.36 ± 0.05 mSv with the standard CBCT exposure protocols and 2.13 ± 0.26 mSv with CT. The adult average effective dose for the five biopsies was 1.63 ± 0.22 mSv with the standard CBCT protocols and 8.22 ± 1.02 mSv using CT. The CT effective dose was higher than CBCT protocols for child and adult phantoms by 803 and 590% for upper lung, 639 and 525% for mid-lung, and 461 and 251% for lower lung, respectively. Similarly, the effective dose was higher by 691 and 762% for liver and 513 and 608% for kidney biopsies. Based on measurements and simulations with pediatric and adult phantoms, radiation effective doses during image-guided needle biopsies of the lung, liver, and kidney are significantly lower with CBCT than with CT.

  3. Are percutaneous transgastric biopsies using 14-,16- and 18-G Tru-Cut needles safe? An experimental study in the rabbit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Akan, H.; Incesu, L.; Gunes, M. [Ondokuz Mayis University Medical School, Samsun (Turkey). Department of Radiology; Ozen, N.; Gumus, S. [Ondokuz Mayis University Medical School, Samsun (Turkey). Department of Surgery

    1998-05-01

    We evaluated perforation, peritonitis and bleeding after 14-, 16-, 18-G Tru-Cut needles were passed through the stomach in an animal model. Insertions were performed on seven anesthetized rabbits with 18-,16-and 14-G needles simulating the clinical technique. Diluted contrast medium with methylene blue (60mL) was administered through a nasogastric tube after the biopsy. Computed tomography (CT) scanning of the upper abdomen was performed 10 minutes after the insertion for leakage. The abdominal contents were inspected by laparotomy. There was no contrast medium leakage outside the gastrointestinal tract on CT images. Neither methylene blue nor other stomach content leakage was identified by laparotomy, even with manual squeezing. A tiny spot of blood was observed on the serosal surface of the stomach with the 18-G needle passes (five cases), whereas a relatively large haematoma was present with 14-G needle (four cases). Six of the rabbits survived and one died due to an inadvertant aortic injury. The results of the study show that transgastric route with an 1 8-G cutting needle can be used without fear of peritonitis and bleeding. Copyright (1998) Blackwell Science Pty Ltd 19 refs., 1 tab., 1 fig.

  4. Peritoneal Insufflation Facilitates CT-Guided Percutaneous Jejunostomy Replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiao, David; Lambert, Drew

    2017-04-01

    The purpose of this report was to examine whether peritoneal insufflation can facilitate CT-guided percutaneous jejunostomy replacement. Peritoneal insufflation allowed clear differentiation of the adherent jejunum from adjacent bowel, permitting confident direct puncture into the adherent jejunum without the need for jejunopexy anchors.

  5. Comparison of Core Needle Biopsy and Surgical Specimens in Determining Intrinsic Biological Subtypes of Breast Cancer with Immunohistochemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    You, Kiho; Park, Sungmin; Ryu, Jai Min; Kim, Isaac; Lee, Se Kyung; Yu, Jonghan; Kim, Seok Won; Nam, Seok Jin; Lee, Jeong Eon

    2017-09-01

    We evaluated the concordance between core needle biopsy (CNB) and surgical specimens on examining intrinsic biological subtypes and receptor status, and determined the accuracy of CNB as a basic diagnostic method. We analyzed breast cancer patients with paired CNB and surgical specimen samples during 2014. We used monoclonal antibodies for nuclear staining, and estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) status evaluation. A positive test was defined as staining greater than or equal to 1% of tumor cells. Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) was graded by immunohistochemistry and scored as 0 to 3+ according to the recommendations of the American Society of Clinical Oncology/College of American Pathologists. Ki-67 immunostaining was performed using the monoclonal antibody Ki-67, and the results were divided at 10% intervals. The cutoff value for high Ki-67 was defined as 20%. Concordance analysis of ER, PR, HER2, Ki-67, and five intrinsic biological subtypes was performed on CNB and surgical specimens. Statistical analysis for concordance was calculated using κ-tests. We found very good agreement for ER and PR with a concordance of 96.7% for ER (κ=0.903), and 94.3% for PR (κ=0.870). HER2 and Ki-67 showed concordance rates of 84.8% (κ=0.684) and 83.5% (κ=0.647), respectively, which were interpreted as good agreement. Five subgroups analysis showed 85.8% agreement and κ-value of 0.786, also indicating good agreement. CNB showed high diagnostic accuracy compared with surgical specimens, and good agreement for ER, PR, HER2, and Ki-67. Our findings reaffirmed the recommendation of CNB as an initial procedure for breast cancer diagnosis, and the assessment of receptor status and intrinsic biological subtypes to determine further treatment plans.

  6. Analysis of BRAF(V600E) mutation and DNA methylation improves the diagnostics of thyroid fine needle aspiration biopsies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Bingfei; Liu, Shu; Zhang, Zhaoxia; Wei, Jing; Qu, Yiping; Wu, Kexia; Yang, Qi; Hou, Peng; Shi, Bingyin

    2014-03-03

    Thyroid nodules with indeterminate cytological features on fine needle aspiration biopsy specimens (FNABs) have a ~20% risk of thyroid cancer. BRAF(V600E) mutation and DNA methylation are useful markers to distinguish malignant thyroid neoplasm from benign. The aim of this study was to determine whether combined detection of BRAF(V600E) mutation and methylation markers on FNABs could improve the diagnostic accuracy of thyroid cancer. Using pyrosequencing and quantitative methylation-specific PCR (Q-MSP) methods, FNABs from 79 and 38 patients with thyroid nodules in training and test groups, respectively, were analyzed for BRAF(V600E) mutation and gene methylation. BRAF(V600E) mutation was found in 30/42 (71.4%) and 14/20 (70%) FNABs in training and test groups, respectively. All BRAF(V600E)-positive samples were histologically diagnosed as papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) after thyroidectomy. As expected, BRAF mutation was not found in all benign nodules. Moreover, we demonstrated that the five genes, including CALCA, DAPK1, TIMP3, RAR-beta and RASSF1A, were aberrantly methylated in FNABs. Of them, methylation level of DAPK1 in PTCs was significantly higher than that in benign samples (P diagnostic sensitivity and accuracy of PTC with excellent specificity. Our data have demonstrated that combine analysis of BRAF mutation and DNA methylation markers on FNABs may be a useful strategy to facilitate the diagnosis of malignant thyroid neoplasm, particularly PTC. The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/6080878071149177.

  7. The sensitivity of needle core biopsy in combination with other investigations for the diagnosis of phyllodes tumours of the breast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, S T; Jewkes, A J; Jones, B G; Chaudhri, S; Hejmadi, R K; Ismail, T; Hallissey, M T

    2012-01-01

    The sensitivity of needle-core biopsy (NCB) in diagnosing phyllodes tumours has only been addressed by a handful of small studies. The aim of this study was to analyse the sensitivity of NCB in the diagnosis of phyllodes tumours and to compare this to the sensitivity of other commonly performed investigations. A secondary aim was to assess the effect of various patient and disease factors on the rate of false negative test results. Pathology databases were interrogated to identify all patients with the SNOMED term M-9020 or the word phyllodes in specimen reports. Excisional specimen reports were matched to prior FNAC reports, NCB reports and imaging reports. Ninety-one patients had a confirmed phyllodes tumour on excision. The sensitivity of FNAC, NCB and imaging for diagnosing phyllodes tumours was 40%, 63% and 65% respectively. The sensitivity of imaging and NCB was greater for borderline and malignant lesions. Combining cytohistological and radiological tests improved sensitivity to 76%. A younger age was associated with a greater false negative rate for all tests. Borderline and malignant phyllodes tumours were significantly associated with advancing age and greater lesion size on imaging and histology. This is the largest report to date assessing the sensitivity of NCB in the diagnosis of phyllodes tumours. Increased sensitivity in the diagnosis of phyllodes tumours can be achieved by combining cytohistological and radiological test results. The novel association between younger age and false negative results warrants further investigation. The most likely explanation is a reluctance to diagnose phyllodes tumours in young women given the increased prevalence of cellular fibroadenomas in this age group. Copyright © 2012 Surgical Associates Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Tru-cut needle pleural biopsy and cytology as the initial procedure in the evaluation of pleural effusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botana Rial, Maribel; Briones Gómez, Andrés; Ferrando Gabarda, José Ramón; Cifuentes Ruiz, José Fernando; Guarín Corredor, María Juliana; Manchego Frach, Nuria; Cases Viedma, Enrique

    2014-08-01

    The evaluation of pleural effusion (PE) includes various techniques, including pleural biopsy (PB). Our aim was to study the diagnostic yield of Tru-Cut needle PB (TCPB) and to define clinical/radiological situations in which TCPB might be indicated as an initial procedure. Retrospective study of TCPB in a hospital centre (2010-2012). Cases of pleural lesions without effusion were excluded. Clinical and radiological variables, diagnostic yield, TCPB complications and factors associated with the diagnostic yield of the combination of TCPB and thoracocentesis as initial procedure were analysed. One hundred and twenty-seven (127) TCPB were reviewed: 29.1% were cases of malignant PE and in 18.9% the cause of the PE could not be determined. The diagnostic yield of TCPB for tuberculosis was 76.5% (13/17) and 54% (20/37) for malignant PE. Complications occurred in 4.7% of the cases. In 72 patients with a final definitive diagnosis, TCPB was performed at the same time as the initial thoracocentesis. Diagnostic yield for the combination of TCPB/cytology as an initial technique was 43% (31/72) compared to 12.5% (9/72) for cytology only (p=0.01). The only predictive variable for the indication of TCBP as an initial technique was a PE volume>2/3 (P=.04). TCPB is safe and provides an acceptable diagnostic yield, particularly when combined with simultaneous cytology in the evaluation of PE of various aetiologies. Radiological criteria may help guide the selection of patients who could benefit from this technique as an initial procedure combined with thoracocentesis. Copyright © 2013 SEPAR. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  9. Magnetic resonance metabolic profiling of breast cancer tissue obtained with core needle biopsy for predicting pathologic response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ji Soo Choi

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine whether metabolic profiling of core needle biopsy (CNB samples using high-resolution magic angle spinning (HR-MAS magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS could be used for predicting pathologic response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC in patients with locally advanced breast cancer. After institutional review board approval and informed consent were obtained, CNB tissue samples were collected from 37 malignant lesions in 37 patients before NAC treatment. The metabolic profiling of CNB samples were performed by HR-MAS MRS. Metabolic profiles were compared according to pathologic response to NAC using the Mann-Whitney test. Multivariate analysis was performed with orthogonal projections to latent structure-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA. Various metabolites including choline-containing compounds were identified and quantified by HR-MAS MRS in all 37 breast cancer tissue samples obtained by CNB. In univariate analysis, the metabolite concentrations and metabolic ratios of CNB samples obtained with HR-MAS MRS were not significantly different between different pathologic response groups. However, there was a trend of lower levels of phosphocholine/creatine ratio and choline-containing metabolite concentrations in the pathologic complete response group compared to the non-pathologic complete response group. In multivariate analysis, the OPLS-DA models built with HR-MAS MR metabolic profiles showed visible discrimination between the pathologic response groups. This study showed OPLS-DA multivariate analysis using metabolic profiles of pretreatment CNB samples assessed by HR- MAS MRS may be used to predict pathologic response before NAC, although we did not identify the metabolite showing statistical significance in univariate analysis. Therefore, our preliminary results raise the necessity of further study on HR-MAS MR metabolic profiling of CNB samples for a large number of cancers.

  10. 22G versus 25G biopsy needles for EUS-guided tissue sampling of solid pancreatic masses: a randomized controlled study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woo, Young Sik; Lee, Kwang Hyuck; Noh, Dong Hyo; Park, Joo Kyung; Lee, Kyu Taek; Lee, Jong Kyun; Jang, Kee-Taek

    2017-12-01

    No comparative study of 22-gauge biopsy needles (PC22) and 25-gauge biopsy needles (PC25) has been conducted. We prospectively compared the diagnostic accuracy of PC22 and PC25 in patients with pancreatic and peripancreatic solid masses. We conducted a randomized noninferiority clinical study from January 2013 to May 2014 at Samsung Medical Center. A cytological and histological specimen of each pass was analyzed separately by an experienced pathologist. The primary outcome was to assess the diagnostic accuracy using the PC22 or PC25. Secondary outcomes included the optimal number of passes for adequate diagnosis, core specimen yield, sample adequacy, and complication rates. Diagnostic accuracy of combining cytology with histology in three cumulative passes was 97.1% (100/103) for the PC22 and 91.3% (94/103) for the PC25 group. Thus, noninferiority of PC25 to PC22 was not shown with a 10% noninferiority margin (difference, -5.8%; 95% CI, -12.1 to -0.5%). In a pairwise comparison with each needle type, two passes was non-inferior to three passes in the PC22 (96.1% vs. 97.1%; difference, -0.97%; 95% CI -6.63 to 4.69%) but noninferiority of two passes to three passes was not shown in the PC25 group (87.4% vs. 91.3%; difference, -3.88%; 95% CI, -13.5 to 5.7%). Non-inferiority of PC25 to PC22 diagnostic accuracy was not observed for solid pancreatic or peripancreatic masses without on-site cytology. PC22 may be a more ideal device because only two PC22 needle passes was sufficient to establish an adequate diagnosis, whereas PC25 required three or more needle passes.

  11. Magnetic resonance imaging-targeted, 3D transrectal ultrasound-guided fusion biopsy for prostate cancer: Quantifying the impact of needle delivery error on diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Peter R; Cool, Derek W; Romagnoli, Cesare; Fenster, Aaron; Ward, Aaron D

    2014-07-01

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-targeted, 3D transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided "fusion" prostate biopsy intends to reduce the ∼23% false negative rate of clinical two-dimensional TRUS-guided sextant biopsy. Although it has been reported to double the positive yield, MRI-targeted biopsies continue to yield false negatives. Therefore, the authors propose to investigate how biopsy system needle delivery error affects the probability of sampling each tumor, by accounting for uncertainties due to guidance system error, image registration error, and irregular tumor shapes. T2-weighted, dynamic contrast-enhanced T1-weighted, and diffusion-weighted prostate MRI and 3D TRUS images were obtained from 49 patients. A radiologist and radiology resident contoured 81 suspicious regions, yielding 3D tumor surfaces that were registered to the 3D TRUS images using an iterative closest point prostate surface-based method to yield 3D binary images of the suspicious regions in the TRUS context. The probabilityP of obtaining a sample of tumor tissue in one biopsy core was calculated by integrating a 3D Gaussian distribution over each suspicious region domain. Next, the authors performed an exhaustive search to determine the maximum root mean squared error (RMSE, in mm) of a biopsy system that gives P ≥ 95% for each tumor sample, and then repeated this procedure for equal-volume spheres corresponding to each tumor sample. Finally, the authors investigated the effect of probe-axis-direction error on measured tumor burden by studying the relationship between the error and estimated percentage of core involvement. Given a 3.5 mm RMSE for contemporary fusion biopsy systems,P ≥ 95% for 21 out of 81 tumors. The authors determined that for a biopsy system with 3.5 mm RMSE, one cannot expect to sample tumors of approximately 1 cm(3) or smaller with 95% probability with only one biopsy core. The predicted maximum RMSE giving P ≥ 95% for each tumor was consistently greater when using

  12. Magnetic resonance imaging-targeted, 3D transrectal ultrasound-guided fusion biopsy for prostate cancer: Quantifying the impact of needle delivery error on diagnosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martin, Peter R., E-mail: pmarti46@uwo.ca [Department of Medical Biophysics, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (Canada); Cool, Derek W. [Department of Medical Imaging, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 3K7, Canada and Robarts Research Institute, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (Canada); Romagnoli, Cesare [Department of Medical Imaging, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (Canada); Fenster, Aaron [Department of Medical Biophysics, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (Canada); Department of Medical Imaging, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (Canada); Robarts Research Institute, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (Canada); Ward, Aaron D. [Department of Medical Biophysics, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (Canada); Department of Oncology, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (Canada)

    2014-07-15

    Purpose: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-targeted, 3D transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided “fusion” prostate biopsy intends to reduce the ∼23% false negative rate of clinical two-dimensional TRUS-guided sextant biopsy. Although it has been reported to double the positive yield, MRI-targeted biopsies continue to yield false negatives. Therefore, the authors propose to investigate how biopsy system needle delivery error affects the probability of sampling each tumor, by accounting for uncertainties due to guidance system error, image registration error, and irregular tumor shapes. Methods: T2-weighted, dynamic contrast-enhanced T1-weighted, and diffusion-weighted prostate MRI and 3D TRUS images were obtained from 49 patients. A radiologist and radiology resident contoured 81 suspicious regions, yielding 3D tumor surfaces that were registered to the 3D TRUS images using an iterative closest point prostate surface-based method to yield 3D binary images of the suspicious regions in the TRUS context. The probabilityP of obtaining a sample of tumor tissue in one biopsy core was calculated by integrating a 3D Gaussian distribution over each suspicious region domain. Next, the authors performed an exhaustive search to determine the maximum root mean squared error (RMSE, in mm) of a biopsy system that gives P ≥ 95% for each tumor sample, and then repeated this procedure for equal-volume spheres corresponding to each tumor sample. Finally, the authors investigated the effect of probe-axis-direction error on measured tumor burden by studying the relationship between the error and estimated percentage of core involvement. Results: Given a 3.5 mm RMSE for contemporary fusion biopsy systems,P ≥ 95% for 21 out of 81 tumors. The authors determined that for a biopsy system with 3.5 mm RMSE, one cannot expect to sample tumors of approximately 1 cm{sup 3} or smaller with 95% probability with only one biopsy core. The predicted maximum RMSE giving P ≥ 95% for each

  13. Safety and morbidity of first and repeat transrectal ultrasound guided prostate needle biopsies: results of a prospective European prostate cancer detection study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Djavan, B; Waldert, M; Zlotta, A; Dobronski, P; Seitz, C; Remzi, M; Borkowski, A; Schulman, C; Marberger, M

    2001-09-01

    We prospectively evaluate the safety, morbidity and complication rates for first and repeat transrectal ultrasound guided prostate needle biopsies. In this prospective European Prostate Cancer Detection Study 1,051 men, with total prostate specific antigen between 4 and 10 ng./ml., underwent transrectal ultrasound guided sextant biopsy plus 2 additional transition zone biopsies. Biopsy samples were also obtained from suspicious areas identified during transrectal ultrasound and digital rectal examination. All 820 patients with biopsy samples negative for prostate cancer underwent re-biopsy after 6 weeks. Immediate and delayed (range 1 to 7 days) morbidity, patient satisfaction and complication rates were recorded. Of the 1,051 subjects the initial biopsy was positive for prostate cancer in 231 and negative, including benign prostatic hyperplasia or benign tissue, in 820. Of these 820 patients prostate cancer was detected in 10% (83) on re-biopsy. Minor or no discomfort was observed in 92% and 89% of patients at first and re-biopsy, respectively (p = 0.29). Immediate morbidity was minor and included rectal bleeding (2.1% versus 2.4%, p = 0.13), mild hematuria (62% versus 57%, p = 0.06), severe hematuria (0.7% versus 0.5%, p = 0.09) and moderate to severe vasovagal episodes (2.8% versus 1.4%, respectively, p = 0.03). Delayed morbidity of first and re-biopsy was comprised of fever (2.9% versus 2.3%, p = 0.08), hematospermia (9.8% versus 10.2%, p = 0.1), recurrent mild hematuria (15.9% versus 16.6%, p = 0.06), persistent dysuria (7.2% versus 6.8%, p = 0.12) and urinary tract infection (10.9% versus 11.3%, respectively, p = 0.07). Major complications were rare and included urosepsis (0.1% versus 0%) and rectal bleeding that required intervention (0% versus 0.1%, respectively). Furthermore, an age dependent pattern of pain apprehension during biopsy was observed with the highest scores in patients younger than 60 years. Transrectal ultrasound guided biopsy is generally

  14. Pleural needle biopsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... may reveal cancer (including primary lung cancer , malignant mesothelioma , and metastatic pleural tumor ), tuberculosis, other infections, or ... any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should ...

  15. Assessment of the contamination problems resulting from the use of stainless steel needles in liver biopsies by total reflection X-ray fluorescence and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varga, Imre

    2006-11-01

    Percutaneous human liver biopsies taken from living patients could not be repeated; therefore considerable contamination was indirectly disproved. In the present study, the possible contamination of biopsy samples during sample collection was determined using a porcine liver model. Portions of porcine liver were cut by a quartz blade and treated the same as the steel needle biopsy samples. Concentrations determined in samples taken by a quartz device represented the non-contaminated values and were used to determine reproducibility of measurement and intra-individual variations. Additionally, multiple samples taken from a human liver of a patient suffering steatosis during autopsy were used to determine intra-individual variation of element concentrations. Concentration data of non-contaminated samples were compared to data of steel needle biopsy samples. To investigate the possible release of elements from the steel needles the samples were allowed to contact with the needle for different time in a refrigerator at 4 °C. Total reflection X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (TXRF) and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) were applied for simultaneous determination of Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Rb, Mo and Pb because of the very low sample demand of the two selected techniques. Although the steel needles in the present study could not be substituted by polypropylene or Teflon utensils, it was demonstrated that the application of needle biopsy sampling in the reported analysis does not involve measurable contamination if contact time is kept to several minutes as usual in the clinical practice.

  16. Assessment of the contamination problems resulting from the use of stainless steel needles in liver biopsies by total reflection X-ray fluorescence and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Varga, Imre [L. Eoetvoes University, Institute of Chemistry, P.O. Box 32, H-1518, Budapest (Hungary)]. E-mail: vargaip@para.chem.elte.hu

    2006-11-15

    Percutaneous human liver biopsies taken from living patients could not be repeated; therefore considerable contamination was indirectly disproved. In the present study, the possible contamination of biopsy samples during sample collection was determined using a porcine liver model. Portions of porcine liver were cut by a quartz blade and treated the same as the steel needle biopsy samples. Concentrations determined in samples taken by a quartz device represented the non-contaminated values and were used to determine reproducibility of measurement and intra-individual variations. Additionally, multiple samples taken from a human liver of a patient suffering steatosis during autopsy were used to determine intra-individual variation of element concentrations. Concentration data of non-contaminated samples were compared to data of steel needle biopsy samples. To investigate the possible release of elements from the steel needles the samples were allowed to contact with the needle for different time in a refrigerator at 4 deg. C. Total reflection X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (TXRF) and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) were applied for simultaneous determination of Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Rb, Mo and Pb because of the very low sample demand of the two selected techniques. Although the steel needles in the present study could not be substituted by polypropylene or Teflon utensils, it was demonstrated that the application of needle biopsy sampling in the reported analysis does not involve measurable contamination if contact time is kept to several minutes as usual in the clinical practice.

  17. The outcome of papillary lesions of the breast diagnosed by standard core needle biopsy within a BreastScreen Australia service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armes, Jane E; Galbraith, Christine; Gray, Janet; Taylor, Kathleen

    2017-04-01

    Papillary lesions of the breast are most commonly diagnosed via mammographic screening. The standard practice has been to excise these lesions, since a subset of papillary lesions are neoplastic. However, this approach leads to a high proportion of negative excisions. In order to identify papillary lesions which could be managed by surveillance alone, we assessed the outcome of 103 papillary lesions diagnosed on core needle biopsy in a public screening program. Subsequent excision biopsy led to an upgrade to malignancy in 30% of cases. Segregation via presence or absence of atypia stratified the outcome into 72% upgrade, compared with 7% upgrade, respectively. Further, in the latter group (i.e., no atypia on core needle biopsy with 7% upgrade to malignancy), the neoplasia found in the targeted excision area was low to intermediate grade ductal carcinoma in situ only, with no invasive neoplasia (4 cases). Of the lesions identified due to microcalcification, the microcalcification was present within an adjacent benign lesion in 35% of cases and hence the papillary lesion was detected incidentally. Overall therefore, we have identified a cohort of papillary lesions in which conservative management, rather than excision, could be considered, i.e., those without atypia, including those without atypia in which the papillary lesion was found incidental to microcalcification in an adjacent benign lesion. Copyright © 2017 Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  18. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of secondary neoplasms of the thyroid gland: a multi-institutional study of 62 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pusztaszeri, Marc; Wang, He; Cibas, Edmund S; Powers, Celeste N; Bongiovanni, Massimo; Ali, Syed; Khurana, Kamal K; Michaels, Paul J; Faquin, William C

    2015-01-01

    Secondary neoplasms of the thyroid gland (SNTGs) are uncommon, and it is important to recognize them in thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). The authors report a cohort of 62 SNTGs from 7 institutions in the United States and Europe. Patients were identified retrospectively by searching through medical records of the respective institutions. All initial diagnoses were rendered by FNAB. SNTGs represented 0.16% of all thyroid FNABs and were more frequent among women (ratio of women to men, 1.2:1.0). The mean patient age was of 59 years (range, 7-84 years), the mean tumor size was 3 cm (range, 0.9-7 cm), and the mean interval from diagnosis of the primary tumor was 45 months (range, 0-156 months). Eighty-seven percent of SNTGs were diagnosed as malignant by FNAB, and there was a specific SNTG diagnosis in 93% of patients. Immunocytochemistry and flow cytometry, which were used in 30% of patients, were useful ancillary studies. Adenocarcinomas (n = 23; 37%) and squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) (n = 22; 35.5%) represented the majority of SNTGs, followed by lymphoma (n = 5; 8%), melanoma (n = 5; 8%), adenoid cystic carcinoma (n = 3; 5%), and various sarcomas (n = 3; 5%). Adenocarcinomas originated from the kidney (n = 9; 39%), lung (n = 6; 26%), breast (n = 5; 22%), and colon (n = 3; 13%). SCCs originated mostly from the head and neck (n = 13; 59%), followed by lung (n = 3; 13%), esophagus (n = 3; 14%), and unknown primary sites (n = 3; 14%). Adenocarcinomas from the kidney, lung, breast, and colon along with SCCs represent the majority of SNTGs. The current results indicate that FNAB is a sensitive and accurate method for diagnosing SNTG; however, diagnostic difficulties can occur. Knowledge of clinical history and the judicious application of ancillary studies can increase the sensitivity and accuracy of FNAB for detecting SNTGs. © 2015 American Cancer Society.

  19. HER2 testing on core needle biopsy specimens from primary breast cancers: interobserver reproducibility and concordance with surgically resected specimens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yamamoto Sohei

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Accurate evaluation of human epidermal growth factor receptor type-2 (HER2 status based on core needle biopsy (CNB specimens is mandatory for identification of patients with primary breast cancer who will benefit from primary systemic therapy with trastuzumab. The aim of the present study was to validate the application of HER2 testing with CNB specimens from primary breast cancers in terms of interobserver reproducibility and comparison with surgically resected specimens. Methods A total of 100 pairs of archival formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded CNB and surgically resected specimens of invasive breast carcinomas were cut into sections. All 100 paired sections were subjected to HER2 testing by immunohistochemistry (IHC and 27 paired sections were subjected to that by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH, the results being evaluated by three and two observers, respectively. Interobserver agreement levels in terms of judgment and the concordance of consensus scores between CNB samples and the corresponding surgically resected specimens were estimated as the percentage agreement and κ statistic. Results In CNB specimens, the percentage interobserver agreement of HER2 scoring by IHC was 76% (κ = 0.71 for 3 × 3 categories (0-1+ versus 2+ versus 3+ and 90% (κ = 0.80 for 2 × 2 categories (0-2+ versus 3+. These levels were close to the corresponding ones for the surgically resected specimens: 80% (κ = 0.77 for 3 × 3 categories and 92% (κ = 0.88 for 2 × 2 categories. Concordance of consensus for HER2 scores determined by IHC between CNB and the corresponding surgical specimens was 87% (κ = 0.77 for 3 × 3 categories, and 94% (κ = 0.83 for 2 × 2 categories. Among the 13 tumors showing discordance in the mean IHC scores between the CNB and surgical specimens, the results of consensus for FISH results were concordant in 11. The rate of successful FISH analysis and the FISH positivity rate in cases with a HER2 IHC score of

  20. Magnetic resonance imaging-guided core needle breast biopsies resulting in high-risk histopathologic findings: upstage frequency and lesion characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinfurtner, R Jared; Patel, Bhavika; Laronga, Christine; Lee, Marie C; Falcon, Shannon L; Mooney, Blaise P; Yue, Binglin; Drukteinis, Jennifer S

    2015-06-01

    Analysis of magnetic resonance imaging-guided breast biopsies yielding high-risk histopathologic features at a single institution found an overall upstage rate to malignancy of 14% at surgical excision. All upstaged lesions were associated with atypical ductal hyperplasia. Flat epithelial atypia and atypical lobular hyperplasia alone or with lobular carcinoma in situ were not associated with an upstage to malignancy. The purpose of the present study w as to determine the malignancy upstage rates and imaging features of high-risk histopathologic findings resulting from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided core needle breast biopsies. These features include atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH), atypical lobular hyperplasia (ALH), flat epithelial atypia (FEA), and lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS). A retrospective medical record review was performed on all MRI-guided core needle breast biopsies at a single institution from June 1, 2007 to December 1, 2013 to select biopsies yielding high-risk histopathologic findings. The patient demographics, MRI lesion characteristics, and histopathologic features at biopsy and surgical excision were analyzed. A total of 257 MRI-guided biopsies had been performed, and 50 yielded high-risk histopathologic features (19%). Biopsy site and surgical excision site correlation was confirmed in 29 of 50 cases. Four of 29 lesions (14%) were upstaged: 1 case to invasive ductal carcinoma and 3 cases to ductal carcinoma in situ. ADH alone had an overall upstage rate of 7% (1 of 14), mixed ADH/ALH a rate of 75% (3 of 4), ALH alone or with LCIS a rate of 0% (0 of 7), and FEA a rate of 0% (0 of 4). Only mixed ADH/ALH had a statistically significant upstage rate to malignancy compared with the other high-risk histopathologic subtypes combined. No specific imaging characteristics on MRI were associated with an upstage to malignancy on the statistical analysis. MRI-guided breast biopsies yielding high-risk histopathologic features were associated with

  1. Metastatic renal cell carcinoma from a native kidney of a renal transplant patient diagnosed by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alastal, Yaseen; Hammad, Tariq A; Rafiq, Ehsan; Nawras, Mohamad; Alaradi, Osama; Nawras, Ali

    2015-01-01

    Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) biopsy sampling of enlarged lymph nodes is increasingly used to diagnose metastatic tumors, especially of the gastrointestinal tract and the lungs. Herein, we describe the diagnosis of metastatic renal cell carcinoma from a native kidney of a 54 year-old male patient, who had a 5-years history of renal transplant, by EUS-FNA of mediastinal and celiac lymph nodes. Histological and immunohistochemical findings confirmed the origin of metastatic tumor. EUS-FNA with proper cytological evaluation can be useful in the diagnosis of metastatic renal cell carcinoma in renal transplant patients.

  2. Metastatic renal cell carcinoma from a native kidney of a renal transplant patient diagnosed by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA biopsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaseen Alastal

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA biopsy sampling of enlarged lymph nodes is increasingly used to diagnose metastatic tumors, especially of the gastrointestinal tract and the lungs. Herein, we describe the diagnosis of metastatic renal cell carcinoma from a native kidney of a 54 year-old male patient, who had a 5-years history of renal transplant, by EUS-FNA of mediastinal and celiac lymph nodes. Histological and immunohistochemical findings confirmed the origin of metastatic tumor. EUS-FNA with proper cytological evaluation can be useful in the diagnosis of metastatic renal cell carcinoma in renal transplant patients. 

  3. Clinical impact of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy in patients with upper gastrointestinal tract malignancies. A prospective study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, M B; Pless, T; Durup, J

    2001-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Several studies have evaluated the accuracy of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (EUS-FNAB) in the upper gastrointestinal tract, but so far no studies have specifically evaluated the clinical impact of EUS-FNAB in upper gastrointestinal tract......% in esophageal, gastric, and pancreatic cancer, respectively. The staging-related clinical impact was similar for all three types of cancer (11-12.5%), whereas the diagnosis-related impact was highest in pancreatic cancer patients (86%). EUS-FNAB was inadequate in 13% and gave false-negative results in 5......%. The overall sensitivity, specificity and accuracy for EUS-FNAB were 80%, 78% and 80%, respectively. No complications related to the biopsy procedure were seen. CONCLUSIONS: If EUS-FNAB was performed only in cases where a positive malignant result would change patient management, then approximately one out...

  4. CT-guided percutaneous infiltration for the treatment of Alcock's neuralgia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filippiadis, Dimitrios K; Velonakis, George; Mazioti, Argyro; Alexopoulou, Efthimia; Malagari, Aikaterini; Brountzos, Elias; Kelekis, Nikolaos; Kelekis, Alexis

    2011-01-01

    The pudendal nerve may be strained either between the sacrospinous and sacrotuberous ligaments at the ischial spine level or within Alcock's canal. Alcock's neuralgia is a rare, painful condition caused by compression of the pudendal nerve within Alcock's canal (pudendal canal) which is an aponeurotic tunnel that cannot be stretched. Patients usually present with intense, unilateral pain involving anatomic areas along the pudendal nerve's root, genital, anal, and pelvic regions causing mobility impairment. A computed tomography (CT)--guided percutaneous infiltration of the pudendal nerve with a mixture of a local anesthetic and a long-acting corticosteroid is a safe and efficient method that reduces the pain caused by the neuralgia. Corticosteroids and local anesthetics interfere with the neurons, the encoding, and the processing of noxious stimuli; interrupt the pain-spasm cycle; and reduce inflammation. The injected glucocorticosteroid may take 3-5 days to reach its anti-inflammatory effect; therefore, the initial pain relief from the local anesthetic is followed by a baseline pain return and then secondary pain relief at 3-5 days. The procedure is performed under minimal or no anesthesia. In general, at discharge, a responsible person must accompany the patient and ensure a safe return home. Clinical evaluation is performed after 7-10 days. There are 2 types of potential complications that are associated with percutaneous steroid infiltrations: intra-operative (associated with needle placement) and post-operative (infection, bleeding and those associated with the injectate administration). In all cases that steroids were administered within therapeutic doses, no complications were noted. In conclusion, CT-guided percutaneous infiltration with a mixture of long-acting corticosteroid and local anesthetic seems to be a safe and efficient method for the treatment of Alcock's neuralgia.

  5. CT-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of osteoid osteoma: Our experience in 87 patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anurag Chahal

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To evaluate the technical and clinical success of radiofrequency ablation of osteoid osteoma and analyze the factors responsible for clinical success. We also tried to investigate the role of follow-up computed tomography (CT imaging. Materials and Methods: This is a prospective study approved by the institute's ethics committee involving 87 patients with appendicular osteoid osteoma. CT-guided radio frequency ablation was performed using a bipolar ablation system. Patients were followed up over 15.4 (4–24 months for pain, and clinical success/failure was determined using established criteria. Patients with clinical failure were taken for repeat ablation. Follow-up CT was obtained at 6 months and correlated with clinical success. Procedural scans were later reviewed for technical success in a blinded manner and correlated with clinical success along with other imaging and patient characteristics. Results: Mean pre-procedure visual analog scale (VAS score was 7.0 ± 0.8. Primary success rate after single session was 86.2%(75/87 patients, and overall success rate after one/two sessions was 96.6%(84/87. No major complications were noted. Technical success rate was 89.7%(78/87. All 9 patients who had a suboptimal needle positioning had recurrence where as three patients had recurrence despite technical success. None of the imaging characteristics or history of prior intervention was significantly associated with clinical success. Follow-up CT showed advanced bone healing in 48 lesions, and was confined to the treatment success group. Alternately, minimal/absent bone healing was seen in all (12 patients of primary treatment failure and 27 patients with treatment success. Conclusions: CT-guided percutaneous radio frequency ablation is a safe and highly effective treatment for osteoid osteomas even in recurrent and residual cases. Technical success is the most important parameter affecting the outcome. Post radio frequency ablation CT

  6. WE-AB-BRA-04: Evaluation of the Tumor Registration Error in Biopsy Procedures Performed Under Real Time PET/CT Guidance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fanchon, L [Memorial Sloan- Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); INSERM U1101, Brest (France); Apte, A; Dzyubak, O; Mageras, G; Yorke, E; Solomon, S; Kirov, A [Memorial Sloan- Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Visvikis, D; Hatt, M [INSERM U1101, Brest (France)

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: PET/CT guidance is used for biopsies of metabolically active lesions, which are not well seen on CT alone or to target the metabolically active tissue in tumor ablations. It has also been shown that PET/CT guided biopsies provide an opportunity to verify the location of the lesion border at the place of needle insertion. However the error in needle placement with respect to the metabolically active region may be affected by motion between the PET/CT scan performed at the start of the procedure and the CT scan performed with the needle in place and this error has not been previously quantified. Methods: Specimens from 31 PET/CT guided biopsies were investigated and correlated to the intraoperative PET scan under an IRB approved HIPAA compliant protocol. For 4 of the cases in which larger motion was suspected a second PET scan was obtained with the needle in place. The CT and the PET images obtained before and after the needle insertion were used to calculate the displacement of the voxels along the needle path. CTpost was registered to CTpre using a free form deformable registration and then fused with PETpre. The shifts between the PET image contours (42% of SUVmax) for PETpre and PETpost were obtained at the needle position. Results: For these extreme cases the displacement of the CT voxels along the needle path ranged from 2.9 to 8 mm with a mean of 5 mm. The shift of the PET image segmentation contours (42% of SUVmax) at the needle position ranged from 2.3 to 7 mm between the two scans. Conclusion: Evaluation of the mis-registration between the CT with the needle in place and the pre-biopsy PET can be obtained using deformable registration of the respective CT scans and can be used to indicate the need of a second PET in real-time. This work is supported in part by a grant from Biospace Lab, S.A.

  7. Evaluation of a novel Seldinger-needle for computed tomography guided interventions: initial experiences; Evaluierung einer neuen Seldinger-Nadel fuer computertomografisch gesteuerte Interventionen: Erste Erfahrungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Plumhans, C.; Mahnken, A.; Iwa, R.; Behrendt, F.F.; Sebastian, K.; Guenther, R.W.; Honnef, D. [Universitaetsklinikum RWTH Aachen (Germany). Klinik fuer Radiologische Diagnostik

    2009-02-15

    To evaluate a new Seldinger puncture device for computed tomography-guided interventions under difficult conditions, to analyze applicability, and to investigate assets and drawbacks. From November 2007 to March 2008, we performed CT-guided interventions in 16 patients (7 women, 9 men; mean age 62 years old) using a new 20G-Seldinger needle (Sika-Med, Wiehl, Germany). This novel needle serves as a guide for many different interventional devices due to a guide wire welded on the proximal needle end. It allows continuous application of anesthesia via four tiny holes at the distal needle end until the region of interest is reached. Each intervention was subject to difficult interventional conditions. The indications for intervention were drainage (n = 7), Trucut biopsy of tumor (n = 8) and radiofrequency ablation (n = 1). Handling, success, advantages, drawbacks, complications and patient tolerance were noted after each procedure. A pain scale from 1 - 10 was used to grade the pain level during the intervention. All interventions were performed successfully and no severe complications were observed. Patient tolerance was very good resulting in a mean pain score of 2 {+-} 1. Regions with dangerous and difficult access were successfully reached with the new Seldinger needle in 15 of 16 cases by dilatation of the puncture tract and continuous administration of local anesthesia via the system. Furthermore, different devices such as Trucut systems and a drainage catheter were able to be inserted without complication via the needle. With a proximal removable luer-lock connection, liquid material was able to be aspirated in six cases. Under difficult interventional conditions, the use of a Seldinger needle as a reliable technique for CT-guided interventions can provide a safe and successful procedure. (orig.)

  8. Synovial biopsy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gerlag, Danielle; Tak, Paul P.

    2005-01-01

    In patients with arthritis, synovial tissue is easily accessible for analysis. Blind needle biopsy is a simple and safe procedure. Arthroscopic biopsy is also safe, it allows access to most sites in the joint and it can provide adequate tissue for extensive laboratory investigations, both before and

  9. Lung Cancer Diagnosis by Fine Needle Aspiration Is Associated With Reduction in Resection of Nonmalignant Lung Nodules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barta, Julie A; Henschke, Claudia I; Flores, Raja M; Yip, Rowena; Yankelevitz, David F; Powell, Charles A

    2017-06-01

    The rates of resection of nonmalignant lung nodules suspected preoperatively to be lung cancer vary widely and are reported to be as high as 40%. We determined the impact of the frequent use of computed tomography (CT)-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) on the resection rate of nonmalignant nodules and frequency of resections of benign disease among patients undergoing evaluation for lung cancer resection operation in an academic medical center. Eligible patients underwent CT-guided FNA, surgical resection, or both during the 12-month period between July 2013 and July 2014 for known or suspected first primary resectable stage I-III lung cancer. Patient data were extracted from the electronic medical records. One hundred ninety-seven patients underwent surgical resection; among them the overall resection rate of nonmalignant lesions was 13.1% (26/197). For those with preoperative FNA, the rate was 7.9% (11/139), and for those with no biopsy, the rate was 25.9% (15/58) (p = 0.001). The sensitivity and specificity of FNA biopsy were 96% and 98%, respectively. The false-negative rate was 3.9% (5/128). The resection rate of nonmalignant nodules was significantly lower for patients with preoperative CT-guided FNA biopsy than in those without. The diagnostic accuracy of FNA in these patients at moderate to high risk for lung cancer is higher than that of positron emission tomography, with a low rate of adverse events. These findings suggest that the frequent use of preoperative diagnostic confirmation by FNA results in a low rate of nonmalignant resection. Copyright © 2017 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Yield of Image-Guided Needle Biopsy for Infectious Discitis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNamara, A L; Dickerson, E C; Gomez-Hassan, D M; Cinti, S K; Srinivasan, A

    2017-10-01

    Image-guided biopsy is routinely conducted in patients with suspected discitis, though the sensitivity reported in the literature ranges widely. We applied a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the yield of image-guided biopsy for infectious discitis. We performed a literature search of 4 data bases: PubMed, Cochrane CENTRAL Register of Controlled Trials, Embase.com, and Scopus from data base inception to March 2016. A screen of 1814 articles identified 88 potentially relevant articles. Data were extracted for 33 articles, which were eligible if they were peer-reviewed publications of patients with clinical suspicion of discitis who underwent image-guided biopsy. Patients with positive cultures out of total image-guided biopsy procedures were pooled to estimate yield with 95% confidence intervals. Hypothesis testing was performed with an inverse variance method after logit transformation. Image-guided biopsy has a yield of approximately 48% (793/1763), which is significantly lower than the open surgical biopsy yield of 76% (152/201; P < .01). Biopsy in patients with prior antibiotic exposure had a yield of 32% (106/346), which was not significantly different from the yield of 43% (336/813; P = .08) in patients without prior antibiotic exposure. The conclusions of this meta-analysis are primarily limited by the heterogeneity of the included studies. Image-guided biopsy has a moderate yield for the diagnosis of infectious discitis, which is significantly lower than the yield of open surgical biopsy. This yield is not significantly affected by prior antibiotic use. © 2017 by American Journal of Neuroradiology.

  11. A retrospective analysis of ultrasound-guided large core needle biopsies of breast lesions at a regional public hospital in Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schene Bhayroo

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Histological confirmation of a breast lesion is an important step to determine the aetiology and direct further management. Evidence supports ultrasound-guided large core needle biopsy (US-LCNB (14 gauge as the preferred diagnostic method over traditional open surgical biopsy.Objective: To assess the influence of technical variables on the diagnostic yield of breast specimens obtained by using US-LCNB, and the sensitivity of detecting malignancy during the study period.Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted of all patients who had US-LCNBs from March 2011 – September 2012 at Addington Hospital in Durban, KwaZulu-Natal. Histopathological findings were correlated to the size of the breast lesion, rank of the radiologist performing the procedure and the number of cores obtained. The sensitivity of the technique was determined.Results: During the study period, 147 biopsies were performed. The majority of lesions were>5 mm (85.5%. The average number of cores was 4, and 79.5% of the biopsies were performed by the senior radiologist. Of the 147 biopsies, 132 specimens were eligible for inclusion in the study. Histopathology revealed 71 malignant lesions of which 60 were confirmed histologically at excision. In 11 patients, no excision was performed. Therefore, the sensitivity of detecting malignancy was 100%.Conclusion: Although the study did not establish a statistically significant relationship between the above mentioned technical variables and the histological outcome, the overall diagnostic yield and the sensitivity of detecting malignancy using US-LCNB is comparable to other similar international studies. A prospective study with long-term follow-up of patients would be of value.

  12. CT-guided radiofrequency ablation of osteoid osteoma using a novel battery-powered drill

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schnapauff, Dirk; Streitparth, Florian; Wieners, Gero; Collettini, Federico; Hamm, Bernd; Gebauer, Bernhard [Charite Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Department of Radiology, Berlin (Germany); Joehrens, Korinna [Charite Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Department of Pathology, Berlin (Germany)

    2015-05-01

    To evaluate the use of a novel battery-powered drill, enabling specimen requirement while drilling, in radiofrequency ablation of osteoid osteoma as an alternative to conventional orthopedic drills. Between 2009 and 2013, altogether 33 patients underwent CT-guided radiofrequency ablation of an osteoid osteoma at our institution. To access the nidus of the clinically and radiologically suspected osteoid osteoma, a channel was drilled using the OnControl Bone Marrow Biopsy System (OBM, Arrow OnControl, Teleflex, Shavano Park, TX, USA) and a biopsy was taken. Procedure time (i.e., drilling including local anesthesia), amount of scans (i.e., single-shot fluoroscopy), radiation exposure, and the results of biopsy were investigated and compared retrospectively to a classical approach using either a manual bone biopsy system or a conventional orthopedic drill (n = 10) after ethical review board approval. Drilling the tract into the nidus was performed without problems in 22 of the 23 OBM cases. Median procedure time was 7 min compared to 13 min using the classical approach (p < 0.001). Median amount CT scans, performed to control correct positioning of the drill was comparable with 26 compared to 24.5 (p = NS) scans. Histologically, the diagnosis of osteoid osteomas could be determined in all 17 cases where a biopsy was taken. Radiofrequency ablation could be performed without problems in any case. The use of the battery-powered drill was feasible and facilitated the access to the osteoid osteoma's nidus offering the possibility to extract a specimen in the same step. (orig.)

  13. Upgrading of gleason score on radical prostatectomy specimen compared to the pre-operative needle core biopsy: An Indian experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rishi Nayyar

    2010-01-01

    Conclusions : There is a significant upgrading of Gleason score on RP specimens when compared with NCB. This trend may be correlated positively with lower initial Gleason score on preoperative biopsy and the lower number of cores taken.

  14. Morphological spectrum of mediastinal lesions with special emphasis on evaluation of needle biopsy: An experience from a tertiary care hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riti Aggarwal

    2016-01-01

    Interpretation & conclusions: This study provides the histomorphological spectrum and biological diversity of the mediastinal lesions. It also emphasizes that biopsy is sufficiently adequate, with the help of a comprehensive immunohistochemistry panel, for providing a definite diagnosis in majority of cases.

  15. CT-guided brachytherapy of prostate cancer: reduction of effective dose from X-ray examination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanin, Dmitriy B.; Biryukov, Vitaliy A.; Rusetskiy, Sergey S.; Sviridov, Pavel V.; Volodina, Tatiana V.

    2014-03-01

    Computed tomography (CT) is one of the most effective and informative diagnostic method. Though the number of CT scans among all radiographic procedures in the USA and European countries is 11% and 4% respectively, CT makes the highest contribution to the collective effective dose from all radiographic procedures, it is 67% in the USA and 40% in European countries [1-5]. Therefore it is necessary to understand the significance of dose value from CT imaging to a patient . Though CT dose from multiple scans and potential risk is of great concern in pediatric patients, this applies to adults as well. In this connection it is very important to develop optimal approaches to dose reduction and optimization of CT examination. International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) in its publications recommends radiologists to be aware that often CT image quality is higher than it is necessary for diagnostic confidence[6], and there is a potential to reduce the dose which patient gets from CT examination [7]. In recent years many procedures, such as minimally invasive surgery, biopsy, brachytherapy and different types of ablation are carried out under guidance of computed tomography [6;7], and during a procedures multiple CT scans focusing on a specific anatomic region are performed. At the Clinics of MRRC different types of treatment for patients with prostate cancer are used, incuding conformal CT-guided brachytherapy, implantation of microsources of I into the gland under guidance of spiral CT [8]. So, the purpose of the study is to choose optimal method to reduce radiation dose from CT during CT-guided prostate brachytherapy and to obtain the image of desired quality.

  16. Incidence of bleeding complications after percutaneous core needle biopsy in hypertensive patients and comparison to normotensive patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potretzke, Theodora A; Gunderson, Tina M; Aamodt, David; Weisbrod, Adam J; Hesley, Gina K; Welch, Timothy J; Atwell, Thomas D

    2016-04-01

    To retrospectively determine the rate of major bleeding complications after solid organ or lung biopsy in patients with hypertension and compare to the rates of bleeding in normotensive patients. Following IRB approval, retrospective review of all solid organ and lung biopsies performed at our institution between June 1st, 2013 and October 31st, 2015 was performed. Hypertension was defined as a maximum observed systolic blood pressure of 160 mmHg or greater and/or diastolic blood pressure of 90 mmHg or greater at the time of the biopsy procedure. Bleeding complications were defined using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE, version 4.0) established by the National Cancer Institute. 4756 total biopsies in 3876 unique patients (median age 60, 57% male) were included. 1488 (31.3%) of these biopsies were performed in hypertensive patients. Fifteen major hemorrhages (CTCAE grade 3 or higher) occurred (0.32%). There were no deaths. There was no significant association between hypertension and major bleeding. The incidence of bleeding in hypertensive patients was 0.40% (6/1488), which was not statistically different than the incidence in normotensive patients (9/3268, 0.28%, p = 0.496). For the subgroup of native renal parenchymal biopsies, the rate of bleeding was slightly higher in hypertensive patients (3/213, 1.4% vs. 1/355, 0.28% in normotensive patients) but remained low, and the difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.188). The overall incidence of major bleeding after percutaneous biopsy is very low. Hypertension does not appear to significantly increase the risk of major bleeding complications.

  17. CT guided diffuse optical tomography for breast cancer imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baikejiang, Reheman; Zhang, Wei; Zhu, Dianwen; Li, Changqing

    2016-03-01

    Diffuse optical tomography (DOT) has attracted attentions in the last two decades due to its intrinsic sensitivity in imaging chromophores of tissues such as blood, water, and lipid. However, DOT has not been clinically accepted yet due to its low spatial resolution caused by strong optical scattering in tissues. Structural guidance provided by an anatomical imaging modality enhances the DOT imaging substantially. Here, we propose a computed tomography (CT) guided multispectral DOT imaging system for breast cancer detection. To validate its feasibility, we have built a prototype DOT imaging system which consists of a laser at wavelengths of 650 and an electron multiplying charge coupled device (EMCCD) camera. We have validated the CT guided DOT reconstruction algorithms with numerical simulations and phantom experiments, in which different imaging setup parameters, such as projection number of measurements, the width of measurement patch, have been investigated. Our results indicate that an EMCCD camera with air cooling is good enough for the transmission mode DOT imaging. We have also found that measurements at six projections are sufficient for DOT to reconstruct the optical targets with 4 times absorption contrast when the CT guidance is applied. Finally, we report our effort and progress on the integration of the multispectral DOT imaging system into a breast CT scanner.

  18. CT-guided radiofrequency tumor ablation in children

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Botsa, Evanthia [National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, First Pediatric Clinic, Agia Sofia Children' s Hospital, Athens (Greece); Poulou, Loukia S.; Koundouraki, Antonia; Thanos, Loukas [Sotiria General Hospital for Chest Diseases, Department of Medical Imaging and Interventional Radiology, Athens (Greece); Koutsogiannis, Ioannis [General Military Hospital NIMTS, Department of Medical Imaging, Athens (Greece); Ziakas, Panayiotis D. [Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University Rhode Island Hospital, Division of Infectious Diseases, Providence, RI (United States); Alexopoulou, Efthimia [Attikon University Hospital, Second Department of Radiology, Athens University School of Medicine, Athens (Greece)

    2014-11-15

    Image-guided radiofrequency ablation is a well-accepted technique of interventional oncology in adults. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of CT-guided radiofrequency ablation as a minimally invasive treatment for metastatic neoplasms in children. A total of 15 radiofrequency ablation sessions were performed in 12 children and young adults (median age 9.5; range 5-18 years) with metastatic malignancies. Seven children and young adults had secondary hepatic lesions, three had pulmonary and two had bone lesions. Radiofrequency ablation was performed under conscious sedation. The median lesion size was 1.7 cm (range 1.3-2.8 cm). The median time for ablation was 8 min (range 7-10 min). Radiofrequency procedures were technically successful in all tumors. Postablation imaging immediately after, and 1 month and 3 months after radiofrequency ablation showed total necrosis in all patients. At 6-month follow-up, three patients (all with lesion size >2 cm) had local recurrence and underwent a second radiofrequency ablation session. At 2-year follow-up no patient had recurrence of the treated tumor. Post-ablation syndrome occurred in four children. No major complication occurred. CT-guided radiofrequency tumor ablation was safe and efficient for palliative treatment in our cohort of patients. (orig.)

  19. CT-guided percutaneous transthoracic localization of pulmonary nodules prior to video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery using barium suspension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Nyoung Keun; Park, Chang Min; Kang, Chang Hyun; Jeon, Yoon Kyung; Choo, Ji Yung; Lee, Hyun-Ju; Goo, Jin Mo

    2012-01-01

    To describe our initial experience with CT-guided percutaneous barium marking for the localization of small pulmonary nodules prior to video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). From October 2010 to April 2011, 10 consecutive patients (4 men and 6 women; mean age, 60 years) underwent CT-guided percutaneous barium marking for the localization of 10 small pulmonary nodules (mean size, 7.6 mm; range, 3-14 mm): 6 pure ground-glass nodules, 3 part-solid nodules, and 1 solid nodule. A 140% barium sulfate suspension (mean amount, 0.2 mL; range, 0.15-0.25 mL) was injected around the nodules with a 21-gauge needle. The technical details, surgical findings and pathologic features associated with barium localizations were evaluated. All nodules were marked within 3 mm (mean distance, 1.1 mm; range, 0-3 mm) from the barium ball (mean diameter, 9.6 mm; range, 8-16 mm) formed by the injected barium suspension. Pneumothorax occurred in two cases, for which one needed aspiration. However, there were no other complications. All barium balls were palpable during VATS and visible on intraoperative fluoroscopy, and were completely resected. Both the whitish barium balls and target nodules were identifiable in the frozen specimens. Pathology revealed one invasive adenocarcinoma, five adenocarcinoma-in-situ, two atypical adenomatous hyperplasias, and two benign lesions. In all cases, there were acute inflammations around the barium balls which did not hamper the histological diagnosis of the nodules. CT-guided percutaneous barium marking can be an effective, convenient and safe pre-operative localization procedure prior to VATS, enabling accurate resection and diagnosis of small or faint pulmonary nodules.

  20. Treatment of 213 Patients with Symptomatic Tarlov Cysts by CT-Guided Percutaneous Injection of Fibrin Sealant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, K; Oaklander, A L; Elias, G; Kathuria, S; Long, D M

    2016-02-01

    There has been a steady progression of case reports and a small surgical series that report successful surgical treatment of Tarlov cysts with concomitant relief of patients' symptoms and improvement in their neurological dysfunction, yet patients are still told that these lesions are asymptomatic by physicians. The purpose of this study was to analyze the efficacy and safety of intervention in 213 consecutive patients with symptomatic Tarlov cysts treated by CT-guided 2-needle cyst aspiration and fibrin sealing. This study was designed to assess outcomes in patients who underwent CT-guided aspiration and injection of ≥1 sacral Tarlov cyst at Johns Hopkins Hospital between 2003 and 2013. In all, 289 cysts were treated in 213 consecutive patients. All these patients were followed for at least 6 months, 90% were followed for 1 year, and 83% were followed for 3-6 years. The aspiration-injection procedure used 2 needles and was performed with the patients under local anesthesia and intravenous anesthesia. In the fibrin-injection stage of the procedure, a commercially available fibrin sealant was injected into the cyst through the deep needle (Tisseel VH). One year postprocedure, excellent results were obtained in 104 patients (54.2% of patients followed), and good or satisfactory results were obtained in 53 patients (27.6%). Thus, 157 patients (81.8%) in all were initially satisfied with the outcome of treatment. At 3-6 years postprocedure, 74.0% of patients followed were satisfied with treatment. There were no clinically significant complications. The aspiration-injection technique described herein constitutes a safe and efficacious treatment option that holds promise for relieving cyst-related symptoms in many patients with very little risk. © 2016 by American Journal of Neuroradiology.

  1. Computed tomography (CT)-compatible remote center of motion needle steering robot: Fusing CT images and electromagnetic sensor data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahriari, Navid; Heerink, Wout; van Katwijk, Tim; Hekman, Edsko; Oudkerk, Matthijs; Misra, Sarthak

    2017-07-01

    Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related death, and early detection can reduce the mortality rate. Patients with lung nodules greater than 10 mm usually undergo a computed tomography (CT)-guided biopsy. However, aligning the needle with the target is difficult and the needle tends to deflect from a straight path. In this work, we present a CT-compatible robotic system, which can both position the needle at the puncture point and also insert and rotate the needle. The robot has a remote-center-of-motion arm which is achieved through a parallel mechanism. A new needle steering scheme is also developed where CT images are fused with electromagnetic (EM) sensor data using an unscented Kalman filter. The data fusion allows us to steer the needle using the real-time EM tracker data. The robot design and the steering scheme are validated using three experimental cases. Experimental Case I and II evaluate the accuracy and CT-compatibility of the robot arm, respectively. In experimental Case III, the needle is steered towards 5 real targets embedded in an anthropomorphic gelatin phantom of the thorax. The mean targeting error for the 5 experiments is 1.78 ± 0.70 mm. The proposed robotic system is shown to be CT-compatible with low targeting error. Small nodule size and large needle diameter are two risk factors that can lead to complications in lung biopsy. Our results suggest that nodules larger than 5 mm in diameter can be targeted using our method which may result in lower complication rate. Copyright © 2017 IPEM. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. The percentage of affected fragments in needle biopsy in the assessment of pathological staging of prostate cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rógerson Tenorio de Andrade

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Prostate cancer has high prevalence and mortality among men. Some of the findings on prostate biopsy may be related to the prognosis of the disease. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between the percentage of fragments affected by cancer in the prostate biopsy and the pathological staging in the surgical specimen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Selected 159 patients underwent radical prostatectomy (RP between 2003 and 2009. Data was collected on age, digital rectal exam, prostate-specific antigen (PSA, Gleason score, number of biopsy fragments, number of fragments affected by tumor, and tumor extension in the surgical specimen. Statistical analysis with Student's t-test, chi-squared test, and multiple logistic regression evaluated the association of percentage of affected fragments (PAF with tumor extension and its predictive value. RESULTS: The patients mean age and PSA were respectively 64 years and 8.5 ng/ml. Histopathologic evaluation of surgical specimens revealed 20.8% of patients with extraprostatic disease, 8.2% with seminal vesicle invasion and 35.8% with positive margins. We found that patients with extraprostatic disease, positive surgical margins, and seminal vesicle invasion had a higher mean PAF. PAF was divided into three groups: less than 34%, 34% to 50%, and greater than 50%, and the higher the PFA, the larger the increase in pathological changes. CONCLUSION: PAF in biopsy is a simple and practical parameter, which should be used as a predictor of pathological stage in RP specimen.

  3. Thyroid nodules with nondiagnostic results on repeat fine-needle aspiration biopsy: which nodules should be considered for repeat biopsy or surgery rather than follow-up?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eun, Na Lae; Chang, Hang Seok; Gweon, Hye Mi; Kim, Jeong Ah; Youk, Ji Hyun; Son, Eun Jun [Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Yoo, Mi Ri [Dept. of Radiology, Dongjak Kyunghee Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Park, Ah Young [Dept. of Radiology, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Ansan (Korea, Republic of); Moon, Hee Jung [Dept. of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiological Science, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-07-15

    The goal of this study was to assess the clinicopathologic and ultrasonographic features of thyroid nodules with nondiagnostic results on repeat ultrasonography (US)-guided fineneedle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) according to size and the number of suspicious findings and to determine the proper management of nodules with consecutive nondiagnostic results. This retrospective study included 297 nodules with nondiagnostic results on repeat FNAB that were evaluated by US over the course of at least 12 months of follow-up, a follow-up biopsy, or an operation. We compared clinical and US variables between benign and malignant nodules in thyroid nodules with repeat nondiagnostic results. The comparison of benign and malignant nodules with repeat nondiagnostic results revealed that age, marked hypoechogenicity, irregular or microlobulated margins, microcalcifications, and nonparallel shape were significantly associated with malignancy. Multivariate logistic regression analysis in malignant nodules revealed that microcalcifications and irregular or microlobulated margins were independently associated with malignancy. Among them, only irregular or microlobulated margins were independently significant as a predictor of malignancy in repeatedly nondiagnostic nodules measuring >10 mm. Using receiver operating characteristic analysis, the best cutoff value for the “number of suspicious findings” between benign and malignant nodules was three in nodules of all sizes, three in nodules measuring ≤10 mm, and two in nodules measuring >10 mm. Irregular or microlobulated margins may be the most frequent US features in repeatedly nondiagnostic nodules >10 mm. The presence of “two or more suspicious findings” can be used as the cutoff for distinguishing benign and malignant nodules.

  4. Iceball fracture during CT guided Cryoablation of Renal Papillary Adenocarcinoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Kim Pelle; Mussmann, Bo Redder; Brodersen, Louise

    2017-01-01

    a lambda-shaped air-filled fracture line emerging from the anterior kidney wall (fig. 1). There was no evidence of active bleeding and the patient was discharged later the same day. Conclusion: Complication rate during cryoablation is very low and it seems to be an effective and safe treatment of kidney......Introduction: Ice ball fracture is a rare complication in cryoablation of renal tumors potentially causing hemorrhage. Iceball fracture are seen during laparoscopic cryo, but has rarely been reported during CT guided Cryo ablation worldwide. During a 4 year period > 150 cryoablations were performed...... at our institution. The risk of significant complication is very low compared to surgery and thus, the purpose of the current case presentation is to emphasize radiological and clinical signs of the condition and the importance of awareness of ice ball fractures. Methods: A 82-year old female patient...

  5. Laparoscopic and Percutaneous Core Needle Biopsy Plays a Central Role for the Diagnosis of Autoimmune Pancreatitis in a Single-Center Study from Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Detlefsen, Sönke; Mortensen, Michael Bau; Kjærulf Pless, Torsten

    2015-01-01

    organ involvement was observed in 40% of type 1 and 13% of type 2, but inflammatory bowel disease only in type 2 (P = 0.001). One patient had IgG4-related chronic perisplenitis as a hitherto undescribed manifestation of IgG4-related disease. Nineteen (91%) of 21 biopsied patients had diagnostic CNB...... Hospital from 2007 to 2013 were included (n = 30; mean follow-up, 26.2 months). Data from laparoscopic or percutaneous ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy (CNB), resection specimens, endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), EUS-guided CNB, computed tomography, serum immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4), and pancreatography were...... retrospectively analyzed according to ICDC. RESULTS: Twenty patients were diagnosed with type 1, 8 with type 2, and 2 with not otherwise specified AIP. Twenty-eight patients (93%) could correctly be classified when ICDC were retrospectively applied. Serum IgG4 was elevated in 44% of type 1 and 0% of type 2. Other...

  6. CT-guided puncture for direct MR-arthrography of the shoulder: Description of possible techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hauth E

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The following report describes the possible techniques of CT-guided puncture for direct magnetic resonance (MR arthrography of the shoulder. CT-guided puncture can be regarded as an alternative technique to fluoroscopic- or ultrasound-guided puncture for MR-arthrography of the shoulder with high efficiency, low dose and extremely low complication rate.

  7. Human vs. robot operator error in a needle-based navigation system for percutaneous liver interventions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maier-Hein, Lena; Walsh, Conor J.; Seitel, Alexander; Hanumara, Nevan C.; Shepard, Jo-Anne; Franz, A. M.; Pianka, F.; Müller, Sascha A.; Schmied, Bruno; Slocum, Alexander H.; Gupta, Rajiv; Meinzer, Hans-Peter

    2009-02-01

    Computed tomography (CT) guided percutaneous punctures of the liver for cancer diagnosis and therapy (e.g. tumor biopsy, radiofrequency ablation) are well-established procedures in clinical routine. One of the main challenges related to these interventions is the accurate placement of the needle within the lesion. Several navigation concepts have been introduced to compensate for organ shift and deformation in real-time, yet, the operator error remains an important factor influencing the overall accuracy of the developed systems. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the operator error and, thus, the overall insertion error of an existing navigation system could be further reduced by replacing the user with the medical robot Robopsy. For this purpose, we performed navigated needle insertions in a static abdominal phantom as well as in a respiratory liver motion simulator and compared the human operator error with the targeting error performed by the robot. According to the results, the Robopsy driven needle insertion system is able to more accurately align the needle and insert it along its axis compared to a human operator. Integration of the robot into the current navigation system could thus improve targeting accuracy in clinical use.

  8. Cribriform morphology predicts upstaging after radical prostatectomy in patients with Gleason score 3 + 4 = 7 prostate cancer at transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided needle biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keefe, Daniel T; Schieda, Nicola; El Hallani, Soufiane; Breau, Rodney H; Morash, Chris; Robertson, Susan J; Mai, Kien T; Belanger, Eric C; Flood, Trevor A

    2015-10-01

    was no association between nuclear size, nucleolar size and/or distribution of macronucleoli with upgrading and/or absence of OCD (p > 0.05). The size of cribriform pattern was not associated with the absence of OCD (p = 0.43) or Gleason score upgrade (p = 0.28). A proportion of patients with Gleason score 3 + 4 = 7 PCa at needle biopsy do not have OCD or are upgraded to higher Gleason scores after RP. In our study, patients with Gleason score 3 + 4 = 7 PCa with the presence of cribriform pattern 4 had a significantly increased chance of being found to have no OCD at the time of RP. There were no clinical or pathologic parameters at the time of TRUS-guided biopsy that identified risk factors for Gleason score upgrading at RP in this study. Cribriform morphology detected on biopsy in patients with Gleason score 3 + 4 = 7 PCa is associated with tumour upstaging after RP and may be considered a contraindication to active surveillance.

  9. Nucleic Acid Amplification Testing and Sequencing Combined with Acid-Fast Staining in Needle Biopsy Lung Tissues for the Diagnosis of Smear-Negative Pulmonary Tuberculosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Faming; Huang, Weiwei; Wang, Ye; Tian, Panwen; Chen, Xuerong; Liang, Zongan

    2016-01-01

    Smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is common and difficult to diagnose. In this study, we investigated the diagnostic value of nucleic acid amplification testing and sequencing combined with acid-fast bacteria (AFB) staining of needle biopsy lung tissues for patients with suspected smear-negative PTB. Patients with suspected smear-negative PTB who underwent percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy between May 1, 2012, and June 30, 2015, were enrolled in this retrospective study. Patients with AFB in sputum smears were excluded. All lung biopsy specimens were fixed in formalin, embedded in paraffin, and subjected to acid-fast staining and tuberculous polymerase chain reaction (TB-PCR). For patients with positive AFB and negative TB-PCR results in lung tissues, probe assays and 16S rRNA sequencing were used for identification of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and diagnostic accuracy of PCR and AFB staining were calculated separately and in combination. Among the 220 eligible patients, 133 were diagnosed with TB (men/women: 76/57; age range: 17-80 years, confirmed TB: 9, probable TB: 124). Forty-eight patients who were diagnosed with other specific diseases were assigned as negative controls, and 39 patients with indeterminate final diagnosis were excluded from statistical analysis. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy of histological AFB (HAFB) for the diagnosis of smear-negative were 61.7% (82/133), 100% (48/48), 100% (82/82), 48.5% (48/181), and 71.8% (130/181), respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV of histological PCR were 89.5% (119/133), 95.8% (46/48), 98.3% (119/121), and 76.7% (46/60), respectively, demonstrating that histological PCR had significantly higher accuracy (91.2% [165/181]) than histological acid-fast staining (71.8% [130/181]), P pulmonary tuberculosis. For patients with positive histological AFB and

  10. Improvement of accuracy and diagnostic significance of breast tumor fine-needle aspiration biopsy by miRNA analysis of material isolated from cytological smears

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. N. Kolesnikov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Relevance. Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women. Tumor biopsy, a key diagnostic approach, is required to evaluate the nature of tumor and to determine the therapeutic strategy. In clinical practice methods are being applied: trepan-biopsy and fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB. The latter is less traumatic however is used less often because it provides with less information. Moreover, dependence from quality of biopsy and qualification of morphologist are attributes of both techniques. A possibility to use biopsy material for farther analysis of tumor-markers would open a perspective to obtain more information and to improve objectivity of traditional diagnostic approaches, including FNAB. MicroRNAs (miRNAs, regulatory molecules involved in control of virtually all physiologic and pathologic process, emerged as promising tumor markers. Malignant transformation of mammary gland epithelia is associated with specific alterations of cellular miRNAs profile. Analysis of these alterations is of great diagnostic potency.Objective. Development of method for miRNAs analysis in cytological smears material and evaluation of its practical applicability.Material and methods. Archived cytological material (smears on the glass slides from patients with benign tumor and breast cancer was used. Analysis of miRNAs expression was performed by reverse transcription followed by quantitative PCR. Results of reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction were analyzed with use of relevant cytological and morphological data.Results. Method of miRNAs analysis in material of cytological smears was developed. Expression of 9 miRNAs in 80 samples was evaluated. Statistically significant expression difference between benign and malignant tumor samples was found for 5 miRNAs: miR-21, miR-205, miR-125b, miR-200a, miR-221. MiR-125b exhibited most prominent expression dysregulation: malignant transformation of mammary epithelium is associated with 500

  11. High-resolution respirometry of fine-needle muscle biopsies in pre-manifest Huntington's disease expansion mutation carriers shows normal mitochondrial respiratory function.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Buck

    Full Text Available Alterations in mitochondrial respiration are an important hallmark of Huntington's disease (HD, one of the most common monogenetic causes of neurodegeneration. The ubiquitous expression of the disease causing mutant huntingtin gene raises the prospect that mitochondrial respiratory deficits can be detected in skeletal muscle. While this tissue is readily accessible in humans, transgenic animal models offer the opportunity to cross-validate findings and allow for comparisons across organs, including the brain. The integrated respiratory chain function of the human vastus lateralis muscle was measured by high-resolution respirometry (HRR in freshly taken fine-needle biopsies from seven pre-manifest HD expansion mutation carriers and nine controls. The respiratory parameters were unaffected. For comparison skeletal muscle isolated from HD knock-in mice (HdhQ111 as well as a broader spectrum of tissues including cortex, liver and heart muscle were examined by HRR. Significant changes of mitochondrial respiration in the HdhQ knock-in mouse model were restricted to the liver and the cortex. Mitochondrial mass as quantified by mitochondrial DNA copy number and citrate synthase activity was stable in murine HD-model tissue compared to control. mRNA levels of key enzymes were determined to characterize mitochondrial metabolic pathways in HdhQ mice. We demonstrated the feasibility to perform high-resolution respirometry measurements from small human HD muscle biopsies. Furthermore, we conclude that alterations in respiratory parameters of pre-manifest human muscle biopsies are rather limited and mirrored by a similar absence of marked alterations in HdhQ skeletal muscle. In contrast, the HdhQ111 murine cortex and liver did show respiratory alterations highlighting the tissue specific nature of mutant huntingtin effects on respiration.

  12. A novel stereotactic frame for real PET-guided biopsies: A preclinical proof-of-concept.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cortes-Rodicio, J; Sanchez-Merino, G; Garcia-Fidalgo, M A; Tobalina-Larrea, I

    2017-09-01

    To design, build and test a stereotactic device that allows PET image-guided biopsies to be performed. An initial prototype consisting of four main pieces, one of which contains radioactive markers to make it visible in the PET images, was built using a 3D printer. Once the device is mounted, a spherical coordinate system is built with the entrance needle point in the skin as the origin of coordinates. Two in-house software programs, namely getCoord.ijm, which obtains the spherical coordinates of the tumour tissue to be biopsied, and getNeedle.ijm, which virtualizes the inner needle tip once the puncture has taken place, were written. This prototype was tested on an FDG-doped phantom to characterize both the accuracy of the system and the procedure time. Up to 11 complete biopsy procedures were conducted. The mean total procedure time was less than 20min, which is less than the procedure time of conventional standard CT-guided biopsies. The overall accuracy of the system was found to be 5.0±1.3mm, which outperforms the criterion used in routine clinical practice when targeting tumours with a diameter of 10mm. A stereotactic frame to conduct real PET image-guided biopsies has been designed and built. A proof-of-concept was performed to characterize the system. The procedure time and accuracy of the system were found to meet the current needs of physicians performing biopsies. Copyright © 2017 Associazione Italiana di Fisica Medica. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Validity of ultrasound-guided aspiration needle biopsy in the diagnosis of micrometastases in sentinel lymph nodes in patients with cutaneous melanoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šijan Goran

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Cutaneous melanoma is one of the most aggressive solid cancers, that develops local, regional and distant metastases. The presence of metastases in lymph nodes is in correlation with Breslow tumor thickness. According to various researches, in melanoma with more than 4 mm Breslow thickness, lymph node micrometastases can be found in 60-70% of cases. Sentinel lymph nodes biopsy is a diagnostic procedure for lymph node micrometastasis detection, which is necessary for disease staging. In recent studies, ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration with cytology (US FNAC of the sentinel lymph node was used as less invasive procedure, but is not accepted as the standard procedure. The goal of this work was to define sensitivity, specification and precision of the ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration method in comparison with standard sentinel lymph node biopsy. Methods. After obtaining the Ethics Committee’s permission, from 2012 to 2014 a total of 60 patients with cutaneous melanoma were enrolled, and divided into three groups: group I with thin melanoma, group II with intermediate thickness melanoma and group III with thick melanoma. The presence of micrometastases in sentinel regional lymph nodes was analyzed by US FNAC. The results obtained were compared to sentinel lymph nodes biopsy (SLNB results. The golden standard for calculating the specific, sensitive and precise characteristics of the method of US FNAC of sentinel lymph nodes was histopathologic lymph node examination of sentinel lymph nodes acquired through biopsy. Results. Detection rate of US FNAC was 0% in the group I, 5% in the group II and 30% in the group III. SLNB detection rates were: 10% in the group I, 15% in the group II, and 45% in the group III. In melanoma thicker than 4 mm, 15% of the patients were false negative by US FNAC. The sensitivity of US FNAC for all the patients was 50%: in the group I, 0%; in the group II, 33.3%; and in the group III, 66

  14. Prospective evaluation of the radiologist's hand dose in CT-guided interventions; Prospektive Evaluation der Handdosis des Radiologen im Rahmen von CT-gestuetzten Interventionen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rogits, B.; Jungnickel, K.; Loewenthal, D.; Dudeck, O.; Pech, M.; Ricke, J. [Magdeburg Univ. (Germany). Radiology and Nuclear Medicine; Kropf, S. [Magdeburg Univ. (Germany). Dept. of Biometry and Medical Informatics; Nekolla, E.A. [The Federal Office for Radiation Protection, Neuherberg (Germany). Dept. of Radiation Protection and Health; Wieners, G. [Charite CVC, Berlin (Germany). Dept. of Radiology

    2013-11-15

    Purpose: Assessment of radiologist's hand dose in CT-guided interventions and determination of influencing factors. Materials and Methods: The following CT-guided interventions were included: Core biopsy, drainage, periradicular therapy, and celiac plexus neurolysis. The hand dose was measured with an immediately readable dosimeter, the EDD-30 (Unfors, Sweden). The default parameters for CT fluoroscopy were 120 kV, 90 mA and a 4 mm slice thickness. All interventions were performed on a 16-slice CT unit (Aquilion 16 Toshiba, Japan). The tumor size, degree of difficulty (1 - 3), level of experience and device parameters (mAs, dose-length product, scan time) were documented. Results: 138 CT-guided interventions (biopsy n = 99, drainage n = 23, pain therapy n = 16) at different locations (lung n = 41, retroperitoneum n = 53, liver n = 25, spine n = 19) were included. The lesion size was 4 - 240 mm (median: 23 mm). The fluoroscopy time per intervention was 4.6 - 140.2 s (median: 24.2 s). The measured hand dose ranged from 0.001 - 3.02 mSv (median: 0.22 mSv). The median hand dose for lung puncture (n = 41) was slightly higher (median: 0.32 mSv, p = 0.01) compared to that for the liver, retroperitoneum and other. Besides physical influencing factors, the degree of difficulty (p = 0.001) and summed puncture depth (p = 0.004) correlated significantly with the hand dose. Conclusion: The median hand dose for different CT-guided interventions was 0.22 mSv. Therefore, the annual hand dose limit would normally only be reached with about 2000 interventions. (orig.)

  15. CT-Guided Superior Vena Cava Puncture: A Solution to Re-Establishing Access in Haemodialysis-Related Central Venous Occlusion Refractory to Conventional Endovascular Techniques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khalifa, Mohamed, E-mail: mkhalifa@nhs.net; Patel, Neeral R., E-mail: neeral.patel06@gmail.com; Moser, Steven, E-mail: steven.moser@imperial.nhs.uk [Hammersmith Hospital, Department of Radiology, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust (United Kingdom)

    2016-04-15

    PurposeThe purpose of this technical note is to demonstrate the novel use of CT-guided superior vena cava (SVC) puncture and subsequent tunnelled haemodialysis (HD) line placement in end-stage renal failure (ESRF) patients with central venous obstruction refractory to conventional percutaneous venoplasty (PTV) and wire transgression, thereby allowing resumption of HD.MethodsThree successive ESRF patients underwent CT-guided SVC puncture with subsequent tract recanalisation. Ultrasound-guided puncture of the right internal jugular vein was performed, the needle advanced to the patent SVC under CT guidance, with subsequent insertion of a stabilisation guidewire. Following appropriate tract angioplasty, twin-tunnelled HD catheters were inserted and HD resumed.ResultsNo immediate complications were identified. There was resumption of HD in all three patients with a 100 % success rate. One patient’s HD catheter remained in use for 2 years post-procedure, and another remains functional 1 year to the present day. One patient died 2 weeks after the procedure due to pancreatitis-related abdominal sepsis unrelated to the Tesio lines.ConclusionCT-guided SVC puncture and tunnelled HD line insertion in HD-related central venous occlusion (CVO) refractory to conventional recanalisation options can be performed safely, requires no extra equipment and lies within the skill set and resources of most interventional radiology departments involved in the management of HD patients.

  16. Implante subcutáneo de un carcinoma hepatocelular tras la punción aspiración con aguja fina Subcutaneous seeding of hepatocellular carcinoma after fine-needle percutaneous biopsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Martínez Ramos

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Los implantes subcutáneos son una complicación rara tras la punción aspiración con aguja fina de los carcinomas hepatocelulares. Los autores describen un caso de implante subcutáneo neoplásico en una mujer de 70 años con cirrosis hepática por virus C complicada con un carcinoma hepatocelular. Se efectuó una punción aspiración con aguja fina en el segmento II hepático. El implante tumoral se desarrolló en el trayecto de la punción aspiración. La tumoración subcutánea fue extirpada quirúrgicamente y el estudio anatomopatológico confirmó que se trataba de un carcinoma hepatocelular bien diferenciado.Subcutaneous tumor seeding after fine-needle percutaneous biopsy for hepatocellular carcinoma is a rarely seen complication. The authors describe a case of subcutaneous neoplastic seeding in a 70-year-old woman with chronic hepatitis C virus complicated by hepatocellular carcinoma. Ultrasonically guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy was performed in segment II of the liver. The neoplastic seeding developed along the needle track used to carry out the fine-needle biopsy. The subcutaneous tumor was excised, and histological examination revealed a well-differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma.

  17. CT-guided resection of pulmonary metastases; CT-gesteuerte Resektion pulmonaler Metastasen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaffke, G.; Stroszczynski, C.; Felix, R. [Klinik fuer Strahlenheilkunde, Charite, Campus Rudolf-Virchow-Klinikum, Berlin (Germany); Rau, B.; Liebeskind, U.; Huenerbein, M.; Bayraktar, S.; Schlag, P.M. [Chirurgie und Chirurgische Onkologie, Charite, Helios-Klinikum Campus Buch, Robert-Roessle-Klinik, Berlin (Germany)

    2005-06-01

    Purpose: to evaluate the feasibility and potential use of intraoperative computed tomography (IOP CT) as guidance for video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). Material and methods: fifteen co