Nelson, Daniel R; Fleming, George T; Kilcup, Gregory W
2003-01-17
A standing mystery in the standard model is the unnatural smallness of the strong CP violating phase. A massless up quark has long been proposed as one potential solution. A lattice calculation of the constants of the chiral Lagrangian essential for the determination of the up quark mass, 2alpha(8)-alpha(5), is presented. We find 2alpha(8)-alpha(5)=0.29+/-0.18, which corresponds to m(u)/m(d)=0.410+/-0.036. This is the first such calculation using a physical number of dynamical light quarks, N(f)=3.
Naboulsi, R
2003-01-01
A review on CP violation in the B and K mesons systems is given, which, we hope may familiarize new Belle members in the basic ingredients of this topic, which is one of the most challenging problems of experimental high energy physics.
Anomalous solutions to the strong CP problem.
Hook, Anson
2015-04-10
We present a new mechanism for solving the strong CP problem using a Z_{2} discrete symmetry and an anomalous U(1) symmetry. A Z_{2} symmetry is used so that two gauge groups have the same theta angle. An anomalous U(1) symmetry makes the difference between the two theta angles physical and the sum unphysical. Two models are presented where the anomalous symmetry manifests itself in the IR in different ways. In the first model, there are massless bifundamental quarks, a solution reminiscent of the massless up quark solution. In the IR of this model, the η^{'} boson relaxes the QCD theta angle to the difference between the two theta angles-in this case zero. In the second model, the anomalous U(1) symmetry is realized in the IR as a dynamically generated mass term that has exactly the phase needed to cancel the theta angle. Both of these models make the extremely concrete prediction that there exist new colored particles at the TeV scale.
SUSY CP problem in gauge mediation model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Moroi, Takeo [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Yokozaki, Norimi, E-mail: yokozaki@hep-th.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)
2011-07-27
SUSY CP problem in the gauge mediation supersymmetry breaking model is reconsidered. We pay particular attention to two sources of CP violating phases whose effects were not seriously studied before; one is the effect of the breaking of the GUT relation among the gaugino masses due to the field responsible for the GUT symmetry breaking, and the other is the supergravity effect on the supersymmetry breaking parameters, in particular, on the bi-linear supersymmetry breaking Higgs mass term. We show that both of them can induce too large electric dipole moments of electron, neutron, and so on, to be consistent with the experimental bounds.
Irving, A C; Michael, C; Sharkey, K J; Wittig, H
2001-01-01
We report on determinations of the low-energy constants alpha5 and alpha8 in the effective chiral Lagrangian at O(p^4), using lattice simulations with N_f=2 flavours of dynamical quarks. Precise knowledge of these constants is required to test the hypothesis whether or not the up-quark is massless. Our results are obtained by studying the quark mass dependence of suitably defined ratios of pseudoscalar meson masses and matrix elements. Although comparisons with an earlier study in the quenched approximation reveal small qualitative differences in the quark mass behaviour, numerical estimates for alpha5 and alpha8 show only a weak dependence on the number of dynamical quark flavours. Our results disfavour the possibility of a massless up-quark, provided that the quark mass dependence in the physical three-flavour case is not fundamentally different from the two-flavour case studied here.
The minimal genus problem in rational surfaces CP2#n-CP2
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHAO Xu'an; GAO Hongzhu; QIU Huaidong
2006-01-01
There are three key ingredients in the study of the minimal genus problem for rational surfaces CP2#n-CP2: the generalized adjunction formula, the action of the orthogonal group of the Lorentz space and the geometric construction. In this paper, we prove the uniqueness of the standard form (see Definition 1.1 and Theorem 1.1) of a 2-dimensional homology class under the action of the subgroup of the Lorentz orthogonal group that is realized by the diffeomorphisms of CP2#n-CP2. Using the geometric construction, we determine the minimal genera of some classes (see Theorem 1.2).
Addressing the strong CP problem with quark mass ratios
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Diaz-Cruz, J.L.; Saldana-Salazar, U.J. [Benemerita Univ. Autonoma de Puebla (Mexico). Facultad de Ciencias Fisico-Matematicas; Hollik, W.G. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
2016-05-15
The strong CP problem is one of many puzzles in the theoretical description of elementary particles physics that still lacks an explanation. Solutions to that problem usually comprise new symmetries or fields or both. The main problem seems to be how to achieve small CP in the strong interactions despite large CP violation in weak interactions. Observation of CP violation is exclusively through the Higgs-Yukawa interactions. In this letter, we show that with minimal assumptions on the structure of mass (Yukawa) matrices the strong CP problem does not exist in the Standard Model and no extension to solve this is needed. However, to solve the flavor puzzle, models based on minimal SU(3) flavor groups leading to the proposed flavor matrices are favored.
Addressing the strong CP problem with quark mass ratios
Díaz-Cruz, J L; Saldaña-Salazar, U J
2016-01-01
The strong CP problem is one of many puzzles in the theoretical description of elementary particles physics that still lacks an explanation. Solutions to that problem usually comprise new symmetries or fields or both. The main problem seems to be how to achieve small CP in the strong interactions despite large CP violation in weak interactions. Observation of CP violation is exclusively through the Higgs--Yukawa interactions. In this letter, we show that with minimal assumptions on the structure of mass (Yukawa) matrices the strong CP problem does not exist in the Standard Model and no extension to solve this is needed. However, to solve the flavor puzzle, models based on minimal SU(3) flavor groups leading to the proposed flavor matrices are favored.
A Cp-theory problem book compactness in function spaces
Tkachuk, Vladimir V
2015-01-01
This third volume in Vladimir Tkachuk's series on Cp-theory problems applies all modern methods of Cp-theory to study compactness-like properties in function spaces and introduces the reader to the theory of compact spaces widely used in Functional Analysis. The text is designed to bring a dedicated reader from basic topological principles to the frontiers of modern research covering a wide variety of topics in Cp-theory and general topology at the professional level. The first volume, Topological and Function Spaces © 2011, provided an introduction from scratch to Cp-theory and general topology, preparing the reader for a professional understanding of Cp-theory in the last section of its main text. The second volume, Special Features of Function Spaces © 2014, continued from the first, giving reasonably complete coverage of Cp-theory, systematically introducing each of the major topics and providing 500 carefully selected problems and exercises with complete solutions. This third volume is self-contained...
Light colored scalars and the up quarks phenomenology
Fajfer, Svjetlana; Doršner, Ilja; Kamenik, Jernej F.; Košnik, Nejc
2010-12-01
A colored weak singlet scalar can accommodate the 2 σ disagreement of the measured forward-backward asymmetry from the Standard model prediction in the tt¯ production at the Tevatron. Such colored scalars appear in a class of grand unified theories. Their couplings to up quarks can be fully constrained using D-D oscillation observables, as well as di-jet and single top production measurements at the Tevatron. After making predictions for the flavour changing neutral current transitions in the charm and top quark sectors, we discuss the impact of these constraints on the texture of the up-quark mass matrix within a class of grand unified models.
A Cp-theory problem book functional equivalencies
Tkachuk, Vladimir V
2016-01-01
This fourth volume in Vladimir Tkachuk's series on Cp-theory gives reasonably complete coverage of the theory of functional equivalencies through 500 carefully selected problems and exercises. By systematically introducing each of the major topics of Cp-theory, the book is intended to bring a dedicated reader from basic topological principles to the frontiers of modern research. The book presents complete and up-to-date information on the preservation of topological properties by homeomorphisms of function spaces. An exhaustive theory of t-equivalent, u-equivalent and l-equivalent spaces is developed from scratch. The reader will also find introductions to the theory of uniform spaces, the theory of locally convex spaces, as well as the theory of inverse systems and dimension theory. Moreover, the inclusion of Kolmogorov's solution of Hilbert's Problem 13 is included as it is needed for the presentation of the theory of l-equivalent spaces. This volume contains the most important classical re...
Finding the strong CP problem at the LHC
D'Agnolo, Raffaele Tito; Hook, Anson
2016-11-01
We show that a class of parity based solutions to the strong CP problem predicts new colored particles with mass at the TeV scale, due to constraints from Planck suppressed operators. The new particles are copies of the Standard Model quarks and leptons. The new quarks can be produced at the LHC and are either collider stable or decay into Standard Model quarks through a Higgs, a W or a Z boson. We discuss some simple but generic predictions of the models for the LHC and find signatures not related to the traditional solutions of the hierarchy problem. We thus provide alternative motivation for new physics searches at the weak scale. We also briefly discuss the cosmological history of these models and how to obtain successful baryogenesis.
Charge quantization and the Standard Model from the CP2 and CP3 nonlinear σ-models
Hellerman, Simeon; Kehayias, John; Yanagida, Tsutomu T.
2014-04-01
We investigate charge quantization in the Standard Model (SM) through a CP2 nonlinear sigma model (NLSM), SU(3/(SU(2×U(1), and a CP3 model, SU(4/(SU(3×U(1). We also generalize to any CPk model. Charge quantization follows from the consistency and dynamics of the NLSM, without a monopole or Grand Unified Theory, as shown in our earlier work on the CP1 model (arXiv:1309.0692). We find that representations of the matter fields under the unbroken non-abelian subgroup dictate their charge quantization under the U(1 factor. In the CP2 model the unbroken group is identified with the weak and hypercharge groups of the SM, and the Nambu-Goldstone boson (NGB) has the quantum numbers of a SM Higgs. There is the intriguing possibility of a connection with the vanishing of the Higgs self-coupling at the Planck scale. Interestingly, with some minor assumptions (no vector-like matter and minimal representations) and starting with a single quark doublet, anomaly cancellation requires the matter structure of a generation in the SM. Similar analysis holds in the CP3 model, with the unbroken group identified with QCD and hypercharge, and the NGB having the up quark as a partner in a supersymmetric model. This can motivate solving the strong CP problem with a vanishing up quark mass.
A Cp-theory problem book special features of function spaces
Tkachuk, Vladimir V
2014-01-01
The books in Vladimir Tkachuk’s A Cp-Theory Problem Book series will be the ‘go to’ texts for basic reference to Cp-theory. This second volume, Special Features of Function Spaces, gives a reasonably complete coverage of Cp-theory, systematically introducing each of the major topics and providing 500 carefully selected problems and exercises with complete solutions. Bonus results and open problems are also given. The text is designed to bring a dedicated reader from basic topological principles to the frontiers of modern research covering a wide variety of topics in Cp-theory and general topology at the professional level. The first volume, Topological and Function Spaces © 2011, provided an introduction from scratch to Cp-theory and general topology, preparing the reader for a professional understanding of Cp-theory in the last section of its main text. This second volume continues from the first, and can be used as a textbook for courses in both Cp-theory and general topology as well as a referenc...
Solving the strong CP problem with discrete symmetries and the right unitarity triangle
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Antusch, Stefan, E-mail: stefan.antusch@unibas.ch [Department of Physics, University of Basel, Klingelbergstr. 82, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland); Max-Planck-Institut für Physik (Werner-Heisenberg-Institut), Föhringer Ring 6, D-80805 München (Germany); Holthausen, Martin, E-mail: martin.holthausen@mpi-hd.mpg.de [Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Schmidt, Michael A., E-mail: michael.schmidt@unimelb.edu.au [ARC Centre of Excellence for Particle Physics at the Terascale, School of Physics, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia); Spinrath, Martin, E-mail: spinrath@sissa.it [SISSA/ISAS and INFN, Via Bonomea 265, I-34136 Trieste (Italy)
2013-12-21
We present a solution to the strong CP problem based on spontaneous CP violation and discrete family symmetries. The model predicts in a natural way the almost right-angled quark unitarity triangle angle (α≃90°) by making the entries of the quark mass matrices either real or imaginary. By this choice the determinants of the mass matrices are rendered real and hence the strong CP phase vanishes. We present a toy model for the quark sector that demonstrates the viability of our approach.
Solving the SUSY flavour and CP problems with non-Abelian family symmetry and supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Antusch, Stefan [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik (Werner-Heisenberg-Institut), Foehringer Ring 6, D-80805 Muenchen (Germany)], E-mail: antusch@mppmu.mpg.de; King, Stephen F. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, SO16 1BJ Southampton (United Kingdom)], E-mail: sfk@hep.phys.soton.ac.uk; Malinsky, Michal [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, SO16 1BJ Southampton (United Kingdom)], E-mail: malinsky@phys.soton.ac.uk; Ross, Graham G. [The Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford, 1 Keble Road, Oxford, OX13NP (United Kingdom)], E-mail: g.ross1@physics.ox.ac.uk
2009-01-05
Can a theory of flavour capable of describing the spectrum of fermion (including neutrino) masses and mixings also contain within it the seeds for a solution of the SUSY flavour and CP problems? We argue that supergravity together with a non-Abelian family symmetry can completely resolve the SUSY flavour and CP problems in a broad class of theories in which family symmetry and CP is spontaneously broken in the flavon sector. We show that a simple superpotential structure can suppress the F-terms of the flavons and GUT scale Higgs fields and that, if this mechanism is implemented, the resulting flavour and CP violation is suppressed and comfortably within the experimental limits. For illustration, we study a specific model based on SU(3) family symmetry, but similar models based on non-Abelian (continuous or discrete) family symmetry will lead to similar results.
Hybrid IP/CP Methods for Solving Sports Scheduling Problems
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rasmussen, Rasmus Vinther
2006-01-01
The field of sports scheduling comprises a challenging research areawith a great variety of hard combinatorial optimization problems andchallenging practical applications. This dissertation gives acomprehensive survey of the area and a number of new contributionsare presented. First a general sol...
Solving the SUSY CP problem with flavor breaking F-terms
Díaz-Cruz, J L; Ferrandis, Javier
2005-01-01
Supersymmetric flavor models for the radiative generation of fermion masses offer an alternative way to solve the SUSY CP problem. We assume that the supersymmetric theory is flavor and CP-conserving. CP violating phases are associated to the vacuum expectation values of flavor violating susy-breaking fields. As a consequence, phases appear at tree level only in the soft supersymmetry breaking matrices. Using a U(2) flavor model as an example we show that it is possible to generate radiatively the first and second generation of quark masses and mixings as well as the CKM CP phase. The supersymmetric contributions to EDMs are automatically zero since all the relevant parameters in the lagrangian are flavor conserving and as a consequence real. The size of the flavor and CP mixing in the susy breaking sector is mostly determined by the fermion mass ratios and CKM elements. We calculate the contributions to epsilon, epsilon' and to the CP asymmetries in several B decays and study their respective constraints on ...
Solving the SUSY CP problem with flavor breaking F-terms
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Diaz-Cruz, Lorenzo J.; Ferrandis, Javier
2005-05-11
Supersymmetric flavor models for the radiative generation of fermion masses offer an alternative way to solve the SUSY-CP problem. We assume that the supersymmetric theory is flavor and CP conserving. CP violating phases are associated to the vacuum expectation values of flavor violating susy-breaking fields. As a consequence, phases appear at tree level only in the soft supersymmetry breaking matrices. Using a U(2) flavor model as an example we show that it is possible to generate radiatively the first and second generation of quark masses and mixings as well as the CKM CP phase. The one-loop supersymmetric contributions to EDMs are automatically zero since all the relevant parameters in the lagrangian are flavor conserving and as a consequence real. The size of the flavor and CP mixing in the susy breaking sector is mostly determined by the fermion mass ratios and CKM elements. We calculate the contributions to {epsilon}, {epsilon}' and to the CP asymmetries in the B decays to {psi}K{sub s}, {phi}K{sub s}, {eta}'K{sub s} and X{sub s}{gamma}. We analyze a case study with maximal predictivity in the fermion sector. For this worst case scenario the measurements of {Delta}m{sub K}, {Delta}m{sub B} and {epsilon} constrain the model requiring extremely heavy squark spectra.
Can the Axions of Standard--like Superstring Models Solve the Strong CP Problem?
Halyo, E
1993-01-01
We find that there are three axions in standard--like superstring models in the four dimensional free fermionic formulation. These axions are either harmful or very heavy. Therefore, they cannot solve the strong CP problem. We show that this is a general result in superstring models with chiral generations from the $Z_2$ twisted sectors which use a $Z_4$ twist.
An ultra-weak sector, the strong CP problem and the pseudo-Goldstone dilaton
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kyle Allison
2015-02-01
Full Text Available In the context of a Coleman–Weinberg mechanism for the Higgs boson mass, we address the strong CP problem. We show that a DFSZ-like invisible axion model with a gauge-singlet complex scalar field S, whose couplings to the Standard Model are naturally ultra-weak, can solve the strong CP problem and simultaneously generate acceptable electroweak symmetry breaking. The ultra-weak couplings of the singlet S are associated with underlying approximate shift symmetries that act as custodial symmetries and maintain technical naturalness. The model also contains a very light pseudo-Goldstone dilaton that is consistent with cosmological Polonyi bounds, and the axion can be the dark matter of the universe. We further outline how a SUSY version of this model, which may be required in the context of Grand Unification, can avoid introducing a hierarchy problem.
Charge quantization and the Standard Model from the CP{sup 2} and CP{sup 3} nonlinear σ-models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hellerman, Simeon, E-mail: simeon.hellerman.1@gmail.com; Kehayias, John, E-mail: john.kehayias@ipmu.jp; Yanagida, Tsutomu T., E-mail: tsutomu.tyanagida@ipmu.jp
2014-04-04
We investigate charge quantization in the Standard Model (SM) through a CP{sup 2} nonlinear sigma model (NLSM), SU(3){sub G}/(SU(2){sub H}×U(1){sub H}), and a CP{sup 3} model, SU(4){sub G}/(SU(3){sub H}×U(1){sub H}). We also generalize to any CP{sup k} model. Charge quantization follows from the consistency and dynamics of the NLSM, without a monopole or Grand Unified Theory, as shown in our earlier work on the CP{sup 1} model ( (arXiv:1309.0692)). We find that representations of the matter fields under the unbroken non-abelian subgroup dictate their charge quantization under the U(1){sub H} factor. In the CP{sup 2} model the unbroken group is identified with the weak and hypercharge groups of the SM, and the Nambu–Goldstone boson (NGB) has the quantum numbers of a SM Higgs. There is the intriguing possibility of a connection with the vanishing of the Higgs self-coupling at the Planck scale. Interestingly, with some minor assumptions (no vector-like matter and minimal representations) and starting with a single quark doublet, anomaly cancellation requires the matter structure of a generation in the SM. Similar analysis holds in the CP{sup 3} model, with the unbroken group identified with QCD and hypercharge, and the NGB having the up quark as a partner in a supersymmetric model. This can motivate solving the strong CP problem with a vanishing up quark mass.
Strong CP Problem, Neutrino Masses and the 750 GeV Diphoton Resonance
Cao, Qing-Hong; Gu, Pei-Hong
2015-01-01
We present an $SU(3)^{}_{c}\\times SU(2)^{}_{L}\\times SU(2)^{}_{R}\\times U(1)_{L}^{}\\times U(1)_{R}^{}\\rightarrow SU(3)^{}_{c}\\times SU(2)^{}_{L}\\times SU(2)^{}_{R}\\times U(1)^{}_{B-L}$ left-right symmetric model with a discrete parity symmetry to realize a universal seesaw scenario. The model can simultaneously solve the strong CP problem without resorting to the unobserved axion and explain the 750 GeV diphoton resonance reported recently by the ATLAS and CMS collaborations at the LHC. Owing to large suppressions in the two-loop induced Dirac mass terms, the Majorana mass matrices of left- and right-handed neutrinos naturally share the same structure. That allows us to quantitatively study the neutrinoless double beta decay induced by the right-handed currents.
Bigi, I. I.; Sanda, A. I.
2016-10-01
Foreword; Part I. Basics of CP Violation: 1. Prologue; 2. Prelude: C, P and T in classical dynamics; 3. C, P and T in non-relativistic quantum mechanics; 4. C, P and T in relativistic quantum theories; 5. The arrival of strange particles; 6. Quantum mechanics of neutral particles; Part II. Theory and Experiments: 7. The quest for CP violation in K decays - a marathon; 8. The KM implementation of CP violation; 9. The theory of KL → ππ decays; 10. Paradigmatic discoveries in B physics; 11. Let the drama unfold - B CP phenomenology; 12. Rare K and B decays - almost perfect laboratories; 13. CPT violation - could it be in K and B decays?; 14. CP violation in charm decays - the dark horse; 15. The strong CP problem; Part III. Looking Beyond the Standard Model: 16. Quest for CP violation in the neutrino sector; 17. Possible corrections to the KM ansatz: right-handed currents and non-minimal Higgs dynamics; 18. CP violation without nonperturbative dynamics - top quarks and charged leptons; 19. SUSY - providing shelter for Higgs dynamics; 20. Minimal flavour violation and extra dimensions; 21. Baryogenesis in the universe; Part IV. Summary: 22. Summary and perspectives; References; Index.
High scale parity invariance as a solution to the SUSY CP problem and an explanation of small '/*
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
R N Mohapatra
2000-07-01
It is shown that if the supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) emerges as the low energy limit of a high scale left–right symmetric gauge structure, the number of uncontrollable CP violating phases of MSSM are drastically reduced. In particular it guarantees the vanishing of the dangerous phases that were at the root of the so called SUSY CP problem. Such a symmetric gauge structure is independently motivated by the smallness of neutrino masses that arise via seesaw mechanism automatic in the theory. The minimal version of this theory also provides an explanation of the smallness of '/ as a consequence of the high scale parity invariance.
A CP-safe solution of the {mu}/B{mu} problem of gauge mediation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Evans, Jason L., E-mail: jason.evans@ipmu.j [Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, University of Tokyo, Chiba 277-8583 (Japan); Sudano, Matthew; Yanagida, Tsutomu T. [Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, University of Tokyo, Chiba 277-8583 (Japan)
2011-02-07
We construct a model that naturally generates {mu} and B of the same order without producing large CP violating phases. This is easily accomplished once one permits these mass scales to be determined independently of the ordinary gauge-mediated soft masses. The alignment of phases is shown to emerge dynamically upon coupling to supergravity and is not unique to the model presented here.
Modelling of mercury isotope separation in CP stellar atmospheres: results and problems
Sapar, A; Sapar, L; Poolamäe, R; 10.1016/j.newar.2009.08.010
2009-01-01
Formation of anomalous isotope abundances in the atmospheres of chemically peculiar (CP) stars can be explained by light-induced drift (LID). This effect is additional to the radiative acceleration and appears due to systematic asymmetry of radiative flux in partly overlapping isotopic spectral line profiles. LID causes levitation of an isotope with a red-shifted spectral line and sinking of an isotope with a blue-shifted line, generating thus diffusive separation of isotopes. We have studied diffusion of mercury as a typical well-studied isotope-rich heavy metal. Our model computations show that in mercury-rich quiescent atmospheres of CP stars LID causes levitation of the heavier mercury isotopes and sinking of the lighter ones. Precise quantitative modelling of the process of isotope separation demands very high-resolution computations and the high-precision input data, including data on hyperfine and isotopic splitting of spectral lines, adequate line profiles and impact cross-sections. Presence of microt...
A 4 × U(1)PQ model for the lepton flavor structure and the strong CP problem
Nomura, Takaaki; Shimizu, Yusuke; Yamada, Toshifumi
2016-06-01
We present a model with A 4 × U(1)PQ lepton flavor symmetry which explains the origin of the lepton flavor structure and also solves the strong CP problem. Standard model gauge singlet fields, so-called "flavons", charged under the A 4 × U(1)PQ symmetry are introduced and are coupled with the lepton and the Higgs sectors. The flavon vacuum expectation values (VEVs) trigger spontaneous breaking of the A 4 × U(1)PQ symmetry. The breaking pattern of the A 4 accounts for the tri-bimaximal neutrino mixing and the deviation from it due to the non-zero θ 13 angle, and the breaking of the U(1)PQ gives rise to a pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson, axion, whose VEV cancels the QCD θ term. We investigate the breaking of the A 4 × U(1)PQ symmetry through an analysis on the scalar potential and further discuss the properties of the axion in the model, including its decay constant, mass and coupling with photons. It is shown that the axion decay constant is related with the right-handed neutrino mass through the flavon VEVs. Experimental constraints on the axion and their implications are also studied.
He, X G
1997-01-01
In this lecture I review the present status of CP violation in the Standard Model and some of its extensions and discuss ways to distinguish different models. Contents 1. Introduction 2. CP violation in the Standard Model 3. Test the Standard Model in B decays 4. Models for CP violation 5. The KM unitarity triangle and new physics 6. Direct CP violation in neutral Kaon system 7. The electric dipole moment 8. Partial rate asymmetry 9. Test of CP violation involving polarization measurement 10. Baryon number asymmetry 11. Conclusion
1989-01-01
The articles collected in this volume are mainly concerned with the phenomenological description of the 1964 discovery on K° decay that CP invariance was violated in nature. The variety of models developed to explain this CP violation are described together with reprints of more recent definitive experiments, and CP violation in the B° system and the electric dipole moment of the neutron is also covered.
Pich, A.
1993-01-01
An overview of the phenomenology of CP violation is presented. The Standard Model mechanism of CP violation and its main experimental tests, both in the kaon and bottom systems, are discussed. (Lectures given at the 1993 Trieste Summer School and at the Escuela Latinoamericana de Fisica, ELAF'93, Argentina).
Pich, Antonio
1993-01-01
An overview of the phenomenology of CP violation is presented. The Standard Model mechanism of CP violation and its main experimental tests, both in the kaon and bottom systems, are discussed. (Lectures given at the 1993 Trieste Summer School and at the Escuela Latinoamericana de Fisica, ELAF'93, Argentina).
Alves, Alexandre; Dias, Alex G
2015-01-01
Motivated by a solution to the strong CP problem we propose a model where a new heavy neutral CP-even Higgs boson couples to vector-like $X$-quarks enhancing its production cross section and whose dominant decays are into weak bosons. The masses of the vector-like quarks are generated through interactions with a singlet scalar field charged under a broken global $U(1)$ symmetry providing a solution to the strong CP problem by means of the Peccei-Quinn mechanism. We show that with the aid of its couplings to a larger number of new heavy vector-like quarks, a 2 TeV Higgs boson is a viable candidate to explain the diboson excess recently reported by the ATLAS Collaboration within the current statistical uncertainties. We also show that the 14 TeV LHC is capable to discover this heavy Higgs with masses up to 1 TeV in the $H\\to ZZ\\to \\ell^+\\ell^-\\ell^{\\prime +}\\ell^{\\prime -}$ search channel using multivariate techniques to tame systematic uncertainties in the backgrounds rates.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
He, X. G
1997-12-31
This lecture reviews the present status of CP violation in the Standard Model (SM) and some of its extensions and discuss ways to distinguish different models. More than 30 years have passed since the surprising discovery of CP violation in neutral kaon system in 1964, the origin of CP violation is still a mystery. Many models have been proposed to explain the observed CP violation in K{sup 0}-K-bar{sup 0} mixing. From previous discussions, it is clear that the SM is consistent with all laboratory experimental data. However there are also extensions of the SM such as the Weinberg Model and the Left-Right Symmetric Model, which can equally well explain experimental data. However, to date, no satisfactory explanation for CP violation has been established, therefore, more experiments are needed to pin down the origin of CP violation. Although no new signal for CP violation has been observed in laboratory systems, considerable progress have been made in obtaining limits on various experimental measurables, for example, the Electric Dipole Momentum`s of neutron and electron 107 refs., 20 figs.
Batell, Brian
2012-09-01
The focus of this brief review is on new physics (NP) sources of CP violation, especially related to the flavor-diagonal phenomena of electric dipole moments (EDMs) of elementary particles and atoms. Using weak scale supersymmetry as an example, we illustrate various aspects of the "new physics CP-problem". We also explore the interplay between flavor-changing and flavor-diagonal CP violation in the context of the recent hints from the Tevatron for new sources of CP violation in the B-meson systems.
Alexanian, G G; Immirzi, G; Ydri, B
2001-01-01
Regularization of quantum field theories (QFT's) can be achieved by quantizing the underlying manifold (spacetime or spatial slice) thereby replacing it by a non-commutative matrix model or a ``fuzzy manifold''. Such discretization by quantization is remarkably successful in preserving symmetries and topological features, and altogether overcoming the fermion-doubling problem. In this paper, we report on our work on the ``fuzzification'' of the four-dimensional CP2 and its QFT's. CP2 is not spin, but spin${}_c$. Its Dirac operator has many unique features. They are explained and their fuzzy versions are described.
CP Violation Beyond the Standard Model
Grossman, Y; Rattazzi, Riccardo; Grossman, Yuval; Nir, Yosef; Rattazzi, Riccardo
1998-01-01
We review CP violation in various extensions of the electroweak sector of the Standard Model. A particular emphasis is put on supersymmetric models. We describe the two CP problems of supersymmetry, concerning $d_N$ and suggested to solve these problems: exact universality, approximate CP symmetry, alignment, approximate universality and heavy squarks. We explain how future measurements of CP violation will test these mechanisms. We describe extensions of the quark sector and their implications on CP asymmetries in neutral B decays, on the $K_L \\to \\pi \
Some ideas for learning CP-theories
2008-01-01
Causal Probabilistic logic (CP-logic) is a language for describing complex probabilistic processes. In this talk we consider the problem of learning CP-theories from data. We briefly discuss three possible approaches. First, we review the existing algorithm by Meert et al. Second, we show how simple CP-theories can be learned by using the learning algorithm for Logical Bayesian Networks and converting the result into a CP-theory. Third, we argue that for learning more complex CP-theories, an ...
Dumé, Belle
2003-01-01
"Physicists working at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at the Brookhaven National Laboratory in the US say that they have come closer than ever before to creating a quark-gluon plasma" (0.5 page)
Lectures on Flavor Physics and CP Violation
Grinstein, B.
2017-01-01
Two short introductory lectures on Flavor Physics delivered at CLASHEP 2015. Among included topics: The KM matrix and the KM model of CP-violation, Determination of KM Elements, FCNC and GIM, New Physics and Flavor, Neutral Meson Mixing and CP Asymmetries. Many problems for the student, and solutions to selected problems, included.
The B-CP Puzzles in QCD Factorization
Cheng, Hai-Yang
2010-01-01
Within the framework of QCD factorization (QCDF), power corrections due to penguin annihilation can account for theobserved rates of penguin-dominated two-body decays of $B$ mesons and direct CP asymmetries $A_{CP}(K^-\\pi^+)$, $A_{CP}((K^{*-}\\pi^+)$, $A_{CP}((K^-\\rho^0)$ and $A_{CP}((\\pi^+\\pi^-)$. However, the predicted direct CP-violating effects in QCDF for $B^-\\to K^-\\pi^0,K^-\\eta,\\pi^-\\eta$ and $\\bar B^0\\to\\pi^0\\pi^0$ are wrong in signs when confronted with experiment. We consider two different types of power correction effects in order to resolve the CP puzzles and rate deficit problems with penguin-dominated two-body decays of $B$ mesons and color-suppressed tree-dominated $\\pi^0\\pi^0$ and $\\rho^0\\pi^0$ modes: penguin annihilation and soft corrections to the color-suppressed tree amplitude.
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Y Sakai
2006-11-01
Recent results on CP-violation measurements in decays from energy asymmetric -factory experiments are reported. Thanks to large accumulated data samples, CP-violations in decays in mixing-decay interference and direct CP-violation are now firmly established. The measurements of three angles of the unitarity triangle from CP-violations of decays are quite consistent with the Standard Model expectations. These results strongly support the validity of the Kobayashi-Maskawa prescription of CP-violation.
CP violation in sbottom decays
Deppisch, Frank F
2010-01-01
We study CP asymmetries in two-body decays of bottom squarks into charginos and tops. These asymmetries probe the SUSY CP phases of the sbottom and the chargino sector in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. We identify the MSSM parameter space where the CP asymmetries are sizeable, and analyze the feasibility of their observation at the LHC. As a result, potentially detectable CP asymmetries in sbottom decays are found, which motivates further detailed experimental studies for probing the SUSY CP phases.
CP violation in sbottom decays
Deppisch, Frank F.; Kittel, Olaf
2010-06-01
We study CP asymmetries in two-body decays of bottom squarks into charginos and top quarks. These asymmetries probe the SUSY CP phases of the sbottom and the chargino sector in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). We identify the MSSM parameter space where the CP asymmetries are sizeable. As a result, potentially detectable CP asymmetries in sbottom decays are found, which motivates further detailed experimental studies for probing the SUSY CP phases at the LHC.
Acker, A; Ma, E; Sarkar, U; Acker, Andy; Kikuchi, Hisashi; Ma, Ernest; Sarkar, Utpal
1993-01-01
Recently a model of chaotic inflation was proposed, where the right handed sneutrinos drive the baryogenesis. We study some of the details of the model, particularly the aspect of CP violation, and determine the number of right handed sneutrinos required for the viability of such models.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dunietz, I.
1997-09-24
CP violation is observed to date only in K{sup 0} decays and is parameterizable by a single quantity {epsilon}. Because it is one of the least understood phenomena in the Standard Model and holds a clue to baryogenesis, it must be investigated further. Highly specialized searches in K{sup 0} decays are possible. Effects in B decays are much larger. In addition to the traditional B{sub d} {yields} J/{psi}K{sub S}, {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup {minus}} asymmetries, CP violation could be searched for in already existing inclusive B data samples. The rapid B{sub s}--{anti B}{sub s} oscillations cancel in untagged B{sub s} data samples, which therefore allow feasibility studies for the observation of CP violation and the extraction of CKM elements with present vertex detectors. The favored method for the extraction of the CKM angle {gamma} is shown to be unfeasible and a solution is presented involving striking direct CP violation in charged B decays. Novel methods for determining the B{sub s} mixing parameter {Delta}m are described without the traditional requirement of flavor-specific final states.
Dunietz, Isard
1997-01-01
CP violation is observed to date only in K^0 decays and is parameterizable by a single quantity epsilon. Because it is one of the least understood phenomena in the Standard Model and holds a clue to baryogenesis, it must be investigated further. Highly specialized searches in K^0 decays are possible. Effects in B decays are much larger. In addition to the traditional B_d -> J/\\psi K_S, pi^+pi^- asymmetries, CP violation could be searched for in already existing inclusive B data samples. The rapid B_s - B_s.bar oscillations cancel in untagged B_s data samples, which therefore allow feasibility studies for the observation of CP violation and the extraction of CKM elements with present vertex detectors. The favored method for the extraction of the CKM angle gamma is shown to be unfeasible and a solution is presented involving striking direct CP violation in charged B decays. Novel methods for determining the B_s mixing parameter Delta m are described without the traditional requirement of flavor-specific final s...
A possible explanation of the CP puzzle
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Takhtamyshev, Georgij [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)]|[Joint Inst. for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation)
1996-03-01
The problem of mirror-reflection symmetry (MRS) and time-reversal symmetry (TRS) in our world is discussed. The opinion is expressed, that well-known experiments on parity violation and CP-violation can be treated as signals of some new, yet unknown, level of matter. An hypothesis, which can be used as a base for some future model or theory is formulated. In the framework of this hypothesis, experiments will demonstrate parity violation or CP-violation do not contradict MRS or TRS conservation. (author). 14 refs.
Vesterinen, Mika
2016-01-01
The study of $CP$ violation in the beauty hadron sector is a promising approach to search for the effects of physics beyond the Standard Model. Several recent measurements in this area from the LHCb experiment are reported in these proceedings. These are based on the Run-I dataset of 3~fb$^{-1}$ of data collected at proton-proton centre of mass energies of 7 and 8~TeV.
Unparticle physics on CP violation
Chen, Chuan-Hung
2007-01-01
We find that the peculiar CP conserving phases in the unparticle propagators can play very important roles on CP violation. In particular, we study the phase effects on the direct CP asymmetries in $B_{d}\\to \\pi^{-}\\pi^{+}$ and $B_{d}\\to \\ell^{-}\\ell^{+}$ decays. We show that the large measured ${\\cal A}_{CP}(B_d\\to \\pi^{-} \\pi^{+})\\sim 50%$ and a sizable ${\\cal A}_{CP}(B_d\\to \\ell^{-} \\ell^{+})\\sim 15%$ can be achieved.
Penguin contributions to CP phases in $B_{d,s}$ decays to charmonium
Frings, Philipp; Wiebusch, Martin
2015-01-01
The precision of the CP phases $2\\beta$ and $2\\beta_s$ determined from the mixing-induced CP asymmetries in $B_d\\to J/\\psi K_S$ and $B_s\\to J/\\psi \\phi$, respectively, is limited by the unknown long-distance contribution of a penguin diagram involving up quarks. We analyze the infrared QCD structure of this contribution and find that all soft and collinear divergences either cancel between different diagrams or factorize into matrix elements of local four-quark operators up to terms suppressed by $\\Lambda_{QCD}/m_{\\psi}$, where $m_{\\psi}$ denotes the $J/\\psi$ mass. Our results allow us to calculate the penguin-to-tree ratio $P/T$ in terms of the matrix elements of these operators and to constrain the penguin contribution to the phase $2\\beta$ as $|\\Delta \\phi_d|\\leq {0.68}^\\circ$. The penguin contribution to $2\\beta_s$ is bounded as $|\\Delta \\phi_s^{0}|\\leq {1.03}^\\circ$, $|\\Delta \\phi_s^{\\parallel}|\\leq {1.28}^\\circ$, and $|\\Delta \\phi_s^{\\perp}|\\leq {0.95}^\\circ$ for the case of longitudinal, parallel, and ...
Szajda, Sławomir Dariusz; Darewicz, Barbara; Gorzel, Małgorzata; Zalewska, Beata; Skrzydlewski, Zdzisław; Kudelski, Jacek; Domel, Tomasz
2005-01-01
Epidemiological studies point out steady increase of the incidence of cancer disease in Poland and all over the world. Neoplasms are associated with blood coagulation disorders very frequently. The investigations concentrate on searching for the substance producing malignant cells and causing activation of blood coagulation in neoplasm disease patients. Gordon and co-workers were the first who published results of their investigation in searching for such a substance in 1975. It was isolated from the rabbit's neoplasm type V2 Ca and then characterized and named as cancer procoagulant (CP). Cancer procoagulant is responsible for blood coagulation disorders in neoplasm disease patients, incorrect metabolism of fibrin and its concentration around malignant tissues. This enzyme (in vitro) is a direct activator of the factor X, without contribution of factor VII or any other cofactors. CF differs in physical, chemical and enzymatic activity from others procoagulants. The main aim of the paper is a review of the literature for structure, chemical characteristic, occurrence and clinical relevance of the cancer procoagulant (CP) and its clinical use in current oncological diagnostics.
CP violating scalar Dark Matter
Cordero-Cid, A; Keus, V; King, S F; Moretti, S; Rojas, D; Sokołowska, D
2016-01-01
We study an extension of the Standard Model (SM) in which two copies of the SM scalar $SU(2)$ doublet which do not acquire a Vacuum Expectation Value (VEV), and hence are \\textit{inert}, are added to the scalar sector. We allow for CP-violation in the \\textit{inert} sector, where the lightest \\textit{inert} state is protected from decaying to SM particles through the conservation of a $Z_2$ symmetry. The lightest neutral particle from the \\textit{inert} sector, which has a mixed CP-charge due to CP-violation, is hence a Dark Matter (DM) candidate. We discuss the new regions of DM relic density opened up by CP-violation, and compare our results to the CP-conserving limit and the Inert Doublet Model (IDM). We constrain the parameter space of the CP-violating model using recent results from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and DM direct and indirect detection experiments.
CP violating scalar Dark Matter
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cordero-Cid, A.; Hernández-Sánchez, J. [Instituto de Física and Facultad de Ciencias de la Electrónica, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Apdo. Postal 542, C.P. 72570 Puebla (Mexico); Keus, V. [Department of Physics and Helsinki Institute of Physics, University of Helsinki, Gustaf Hallstromin katu 2, Helsinki, FIN-00014 (Finland); School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); King, S.F. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Moretti, S. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Particle Physics Department, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Rojas, D. [Instituto de Física and Facultad de Ciencias de la Electrónica, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Apdo. Postal 542, C.P. 72570 Puebla (Mexico); Sokołowska, D. [Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, Pasteura 5, 02-093 Warsaw (Poland)
2016-12-05
We study an extension of the Standard Model (SM) in which two copies of the SM scalar SU(2) doublet which do not acquire a Vacuum Expectation Value (VEV), and hence are inert, are added to the scalar sector. We allow for CP-violation in the inert sector, where the lightest inert state is protected from decaying to SM particles through the conservation of a Z{sub 2} symmetry. The lightest neutral particle from the inert sector, which has a mixed CP-charge due to CP-violation, is hence a Dark Matter (DM) candidate. We discuss the new regions of DM relic density opened up by CP-violation, and compare our results to the CP-conserving limit and the Inert Doublet Model (IDM). We constrain the parameter space of the CP-violating model using recent results from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and DM direct and indirect detection experiments.
CP Violation in Supersymmetric U(1)' Models
Demir, D A
2004-01-01
The supersymmetric CP problem is studied within superstring-motivated extensions of the MSSM with an additional U(1)' gauge symmetry broken at the TeV scale. This class of models offers an attractive solution to the mu problem of the MSSM, in which U(1)' gauge invariance forbids the bare mu term, but an effective mu parameter is generated by the vacuum expectation value of a Standard Model singlet S which has superpotential coupling of the form SH_uH_d to the electroweak Higgs doublets. The effective mu parameter is thus dynamically determined as a function of the soft supersymmetry breaking parameters, and can be complex if the soft parameters have nontrivial CP-violating phases. We examine the phenomenological constraints on the reparameterization invariant phase combinations within this framework, and find that the supersymmetric CP problem can be greatly alleviated in models in which the phase of the SU(2) gaugino mass parameter is aligned with the soft trilinear scalar mass parameter associated with the ...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Albaid, Abdelhamid [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University of Hail,Alsawamea Street, Hail (Saudi Arabia); Dine, Michael [Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics and Department of Physics,University of California, High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 93106 (United States); Draper, Patrick [Department of Physics, University of California,Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States); Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics and Department of Physics,University of California, High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 93106 (United States)
2015-12-09
Solutions to the strong CP problem typically introduce new scales associated with the spontaneous breaking of symmetries. Absent any anthropic argument for small θ̄, these scales require stabilization against ultraviolet corrections. Supersymmetry offers a tempting stabilization mechanism, since it can solve the “big' electroweak hierarchy problem at the same time. One family of solutions to strong CP, including generalized parity models, heavy axion models, and heavy η{sup ′} models, introduces ℤ{sub 2} copies of (part of) the Standard Model and an associated scale of ℤ{sub 2}-breaking. We review why, without additional structure such as supersymmetry, the ℤ{sub 2}-breaking scale is unacceptably tuned. We then study “SUZ{sub 2}' models, supersymmetric theories with ℤ{sub 2} copies of the MSSM. We find that the addition of SUSY typically destroys the ℤ{sub 2} protection of θ̄=0, even at tree level, once SUSY and ℤ{sub 2} are broken. In theories like supersymmetric completions of the twin Higgs, where ℤ{sub 2} addresses the little hierarchy problem but not strong CP, two axions can be used to relax θ̄.
Leptogenesis and residual CP symmetry
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chen, Peng; Ding, Gui-Jun [Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China,Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); King, Stephen F. [Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton,Southampton, SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom)
2016-03-31
We discuss flavour dependent leptogenesis in the framework of lepton flavour models based on discrete flavour and CP symmetries applied to the type-I seesaw model. Working in the flavour basis, we analyse the case of two general residual CP symmetries in the neutrino sector, which corresponds to all possible semi-direct models based on a preserved Z{sub 2} in the neutrino sector, together with a CP symmetry, which constrains the PMNS matrix up to a single free parameter which may be fixed by the reactor angle. We systematically study and classify this case for all possible residual CP symmetries, and show that the R-matrix is tightly constrained up to a single free parameter, with only certain forms being consistent with successful leptogenesis, leading to possible connections between leptogenesis and PMNS parameters. The formalism is completely general in the sense that the two residual CP symmetries could result from any high energy discrete flavour theory which respects any CP symmetry. As a simple example, we apply the formalism to a high energy S{sub 4} flavour symmetry with a generalized CP symmetry, broken to two residual CP symmetries in the neutrino sector, recovering familiar results for PMNS predictions, together with new results for flavour dependent leptogenesis.
Measurements of the branching fractions and CP-asymmetries of B- --> D0_(CP) K- decays
Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Graugès-Pous, E; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Best, D S; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Day, C T; Gill, M S; Gritsan, A V; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Oddone, P J; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, M T; Wenzel, W A; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hawkes, C M; Morgan, S E; Watson, A T; Fritsch, M; Goetzen, K; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Peters, K; Schröder, T; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Burke, J P; Cottingham, W N; Walker, D; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, Yu K; Bondioli, M; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M A; Mommsen, R K; Röthel, W; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Long, O; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Zhang, L; Del Re, D; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dvoretskii, A; Hitlin, D G; Minamora, J S; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Ruddick, W O; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Chen, A; Eckhart, E A; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Zeng, Q; Altenburg, D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Spaan, B; Brandt, T; Dickopp, M; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Nogowski, R; Otto, S; Petzold, A; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Grenier, P; Latour, E; Schrenk, S; Thiebaux, C; Vasileiadis, G; Verderi, M; Bard, D J; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Piemontese, L; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Capra, R; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Brandenburg, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Flack, R L; Gaillard, J R; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mader, W F; Mallik, U; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Le Diberder, F R; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Oyanguren, A; Petersen, T C; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bevan, A J; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; George, K A; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Brown, C L; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Green, M G; Hopkins, D A; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Kelly, M P; Lafferty, G D; Naisbit, M T; Williams, J C; Yi, J I; Chen, C; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Kovalskyi, D; Lae, C K; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Kofler, R; Li, X; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Stängle, H; Willocq, S Y; Cowan, R; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Kim, H; Patel, P M; Potter, C T; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Reidy, J; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; Cavallo, N; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M; Bulten, H; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Allmendinger, T; Benelli, G; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Jackson, P D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Pulliam, T; Rahimi, A M; Ter-Antonian, R; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Galeazzi, F; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; La Vaissière, C de; Hamon, O; Hartfiel, B L; John, M J J; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Roos, L; Therin, G; Behera, P K; Gladney, L; Panetta, J; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Pioppi, M; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bucci, F; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rama, M; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J; Haire, M; Judd, D; Wagoner, D E; Biesiada, J; Danielson, N; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; D'Orazio, A; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Safai-Tehrani, F; Voena, C; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; De Groot, N; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, Witold; Legendre, M; Mayer, B; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Park, W; Purohit, M V; Weidemann, A W; Wilson, J R; Abe, T; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Berger, N; Boyarski, A M; Claus, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Cristinziani, M; Dingfelder, J C; Dong, D; Dorfan, J; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Fan, S; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Hadig, T; Halyo, V; Hast, C; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Libby, J; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ozcan, V E; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Thompson, J M; Vavra, J; Van Bakel, N; Weaver, M; Weinstein, A J R; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Yi, K; Young, C C; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Petersen, B A; Roat, C; Wilden, L; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Bula, R; Ernst, J A; Jain, V; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Wappler, F R; Zain, S B; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Satpathy, A; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Kitayama, I; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Bóna, M; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Dittongo, S; Grancagnolo, S; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Martínez-Vidal, F; Panvini, R S; Banerjee, S; Bhuyan, B; Brown, C M; Fortin, D; Hamano, K; Kowalewski, R V; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Back, J J; Harrison, P F; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Band, H R; Chen, X; Cheng, B; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Eichenbaum, A M; Flood, K T; Graham, M T; Hollar, J J; Johnson, J R; Kutter, P E; Li, H; Liu, R; Mellado, B; Mihályi, A; Mohapatra, A K; Pan, Y; Pierini, M; Prepost, R; Tan, P; Wu, S L; Yu, Z; Neal, H
2006-01-01
We present a study of the decay B- --> D0_(CP) K- and its charge conjugate, where D0_(CP) is reconstructed in CP-even, CP-odd, and non-CP flavor eigenstates, based on a sample of 232 million Y(4S) --> B Bbar decays collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II e+e- storage ring. We measure the partial-rate charge asymmetries A_CP+, A_CP- and the ratios R_CP+, R_CP- of the B --> D0 K decay branching fractions as measured in CP+, CP-, and non-CP D0 decays: A_CP+ = 0.35 +/- 0.13 (stat) +/- 0.04 (syst) A_CP- = -0.06 +/- 0.13 (stat) +/- 0.04 (syst) R_CP+ = 0.90 +/- 0.12 (stat) +/- 0.04 (syst) R_CP- = 0.86 +/- 0.10 (stat) +/- 0.05 (syst)
CP violation in the heavy neutrinos production process e+e- --> N$_{1}$N$_{2}$
Gluza, J; Gluza, J; Zralek, M
1995-01-01
The problem of CP conservation and CP violation for two heavy neutrinos production in e^+e^- interaction is considered. Very convenient way of parametrization of the neutrino mass matrix, from which necessary and sufficient condition for CP conservation easily follows, is presented. Contrary to the Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism, the effects of CP violation in the lepton sector with Majorana neutrinos can be very large. Change of the total cross section caused by CP violation can be much larger then the cross section itself.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yekini Shehu
2010-01-01
real Banach space which is also uniformly smooth using the properties of generalized f-projection operator. Using this result, we discuss strong convergence theorem concerning general H-monotone mappings and system of generalized mixed equilibrium problems in Banach spaces. Our results extend many known recent results in the literature.
Flavour physics and CP violation
Kou, Emi
2014-01-01
In these three lectures, I overview the theoretical framework of the flavour physics and CP violation. The first lecture is the introduction to the flavour physics. Namely, I give theoretical basics of the weak interaction. I follow also some historical aspect, discovery of the CP violation, phenomenological studies of charged and neutral currents and the success of the GIM mechanism. In the second lecture, I describe the flavour physics and CP violating phenomena in the Standard Model (SM). I also give the latest experimental observation of the CP Violation at the B factories and the LHC and discuss its interpretation. In the third lecture, I discuss the on-going search of the signals beyond SM in the flavour physics and also the future prospects.
New results of the spectral observations of CP stars
Polosukhina, N. S.; Shavrina, A. V.; Drake, N. A.; Kudryavtsev, D. O.; Smirnova, M. A.
2010-04-01
The lithium problem in Ap-CP stars has been, for a long time, a subject of debate. Individual characteristics of CP stars, such as high abundance of the rare-earth elements presence of magnetic fields, complicate structure of the surface distribution of chemical elements, rapid oscillations of some CP-stars, make the detection of the lithium lines and the determination of the lithium abundance, a difficult task. During the International Meeting in Slovakia in 1996, the lithium problem in Ap-CP stars was discussed. The results of the Li study carried out in CrAO Polosukhina (1973-1976), the works of Hack & Faraggiana (1963), Wallerstein & Hack (1964), Faraggiana et al. (1992-1996) formed the basis of the International project ‘Lithium in the cool CP-stars with magnetic fields’. The main goal of the project was, using systematical observations of Ap-CP stars with phase rotation in the spectral regions of the resonance doublet Li I 6708 Å and subordinate 6104 Å lithium lines with different telescopes, to create a database, which will permit to explain the physical origin of anomalous Li abundance in the atmospheres of these stars.
Understanding the factors affecting the activation of alkane by Cp'Rh(CO)2 (Cp' = Cp or Cp*).
George, Michael W; Hall, Michael B; Jina, Omar S; Portius, Peter; Sun, Xue-Zhong; Towrie, Michael; Wu, Hong; Yang, Xinzheng; Zaric, Snezana D
2010-11-23
Fast time-resolved infrared spectroscopic measurements have allowed precise determination of the rates of activation of alkanes by Cp'Rh(CO) (Cp(') = η(5)-C(5)H(5) or η(5)-C(5)Me(5)). We have monitored the kinetics of C─H activation in solution at room temperature and determined how the change in rate of oxidative cleavage varies from methane to decane. The lifetime of CpRh(CO)(alkane) shows a nearly linear behavior with respect to the length of the alkane chain, whereas the related Cp*Rh(CO)(alkane) has clear oscillatory behavior upon changing the alkane. Coupled cluster and density functional theory calculations on these complexes, transition states, and intermediates provide the insight into the mechanism and barriers in order to develop a kinetic simulation of the experimental results. The observed behavior is a subtle interplay between the rates of activation and migration. Unexpectedly, the calculations predict that the most rapid process in these Cp'Rh(CO)(alkane) systems is the 1,3-migration along the alkane chain. The linear behavior in the observed lifetime of CpRh(CO)(alkane) results from a mechanism in which the next most rapid process is the activation of primary C─H bonds (─CH(3) groups), while the third key step in this system is 1,2-migration with a slightly slower rate. The oscillatory behavior in the lifetime of Cp*Rh(CO)(alkane) with respect to the alkane's chain length follows from subtle interplay between more rapid migrations and less rapid primary C─H activation, with respect to CpRh(CO)(alkane), especially when the CH(3) group is near a gauche turn. This interplay results in the activation being controlled by the percentage of alkane conformers.
Leptogenesis and residual CP symmetry
Chen, Peng; King, Stephen F
2016-01-01
We discuss flavour dependent leptogenesis in the framework of lepton flavour models based on discrete flavour and CP symmetries applied to the type-I seesaw model. Working in the flavour basis, we analyse the case of two general residual CP symmetries in the neutrino sector, which corresponds to all possible semi-direct models based on a preserved $Z_2$ in the neutrino sector, together with a CP symmetry, which constrains the PMNS matrix up to a single free parameter which may be fixed by the reactor angle. We systematically study and classify this case for all possible residual CP symmetries, and show that the $R$-matrix is tightly constrained up to a single free parameter, with only certain forms being consistent with successful leptogenesis, leading to possible connections between leptogenesis and PMNS parameters. The formalism is completely general in the sense that the two residual CP symmetries could result from any high energy discrete flavour theory which respects any CP symmetry. As a simple example,...
Gravitational leptogenesis, C, CP and strong equivalence
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
McDonald, Jamie I.; Shore, Graham M. [Department of Physics, Swansea University,Swansea, SA2 8PP (United Kingdom)
2015-02-12
The origin of matter-antimatter asymmetry is one of the most important outstanding problems at the interface of particle physics and cosmology. Gravitational leptogenesis (baryogenesis) provides a possible mechanism through explicit couplings of spacetime curvature to appropriate lepton (or baryon) currents. In this paper, the idea that these strong equivalence principle violating interactions could be generated automatically through quantum loop effects in curved spacetime is explored, focusing on the realisation of the discrete symmetries C, CP and CPT which must be broken to induce matter-antimatter asymmetry. The related issue of quantum corrections to the dispersion relation for neutrino propagation in curved spacetime is considered within a fully covariant framework.
CpG + CpNpG Analysis of Protein-Coding Sequences from Tomato
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hobolth, Asger; Nielsen, Rasmus; Wang, Ying
2006-01-01
We develop codon-based models for simultaneously inferring the mutational effects of CpG and CpNpG methylation in coding regions. In a data set of 369 tomato genes, we show that there is very little effect of CpNpG methylation but a strong effect of CpG methylation affecting almost all genes. We...... further show that the CpNpG and CpG effects are largely uncorrelated. Our results suggest different roles of CpG and CpNpG methylation, with CpNpG methylation possibly playing a specialized role in defense against transposons and RNA viruses....
Flavour Physics and CP Violation
Pich, Antonio
2013-06-27
An introductory overview of the Standard Model description of flavour is presented. The main emphasis is put on present tests of the quark-mixing matrix structure and the phenomenological determination of its parameters. Special attention is given to the experimental evidences of CP violation and their important role in our understanding of flavour dynamics.
D'Ambrosio, G
1996-01-01
We review the Standard Model predictions of CP violation in kaon decays. We present an elementary introduction to Chiral Perturbation Theory, four--quark effective hamiltonians and the relation among them. Particular attention is devoted to $K\\to 3\\pi$, $K\\to 2\\pi \\gamma$ and $K\\to \\pi \\bar{f} f$ decays.
Higgs Boson Masses in NMSSM with Spontaneous CP-violation
1996-01-01
The Higgs boson mass problem is considered in the next-to-minimal supersymmetric standard model for the case of the spontaneous CP violation. The renormalization group equations for the gauge, Yukawa and scalar coupling constants, the effective Higgs potential and lower experimental bounds on Higgs boson and chargino masses are analyzed. The restrictions on the Higgs boson masses are found.
Flavour physics and CP violation
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Rukmani Mohanta; Anjan Kumar Giri
2010-05-01
It is well known that the study of flavour physics and CP violation is very important to critically test the Standard Model and to look for possible signature of new physics beyond it. The observation of CP violation in kaon system in 1964 has ignited a lot of experimental and theoretical efforts to understand its origin and to look for CP violation effects in other systems besides the neutral kaons. The two -factories BABAR and BELLE, along with other experiments, in the last decade or so made studies in flavour physics and CP violation a very interesting one. In this article we discuss the status and prospectives of the flavour physics associated with the strange, charm and bottom sectors of the Standard Model. The important results in kaon sector will be briefly discussed. Recently, mixing in the charm system has been observed, which was being pursued for quite some time without any success. The smallness of the mixing parameters in the charm system is due to the hierarchical structure of the CKM matrix. Interestingly, so far we have not found CP violation in the charm system but in the future, with more dedicated experiments at charm threshold, the situation could change. Many interesting observations have been made in the case of bottom mesons and some of them show some kind of deviations from that of the Standard Model expectations which are mainly associated with the → flavour changing neutral current transitions. It is long believed that the system could be the harbinger of new physics since it is a system in which both bottom and strange quarks are the constituents. Recently, D0 and CDF announced their result for the mixing which is claimed to be the first possible new physics signature in the flavour sector. We plan to touch upon all important issues pointing out both theoretical and experimental developments and future prospects in this review article.
CP-nets的完备性及一致性研究%On the Completeness and Consistency for CP-nets
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘惊雷; 廖士中; 张伟
2012-01-01
CP-nets (conditional preference networks) is a simple and intuitive graphical tool for representing conditional preference statements over the values of a set of variables. It has been a studying hotspot in artificial intelligence recently. The algorithm of strong dominance with respect to any binary-valued CP-nets has not been given; preferences completeness of CP-nets have not been studied by anyone, This paper makes a study of completeness and consistency of CP-nets by designing a strong dominance algorithm. First, by constructing induced graph of CP-nets and studying its properties, the study solves the problem of strong dominance with respect to any binary-valued CP-nets by Warshall algorithm to get the transitive closure of flip relation. Second, by solving the preference number of three kinds of CP-nets (separeble-structured, chain-structured, tree-structured), the study gives preferences incompleteness theorem and counting number formula of separeble condition preference networks. Finally, the study deals with consistency problem, and consistency judgment theorem and algorithm are given. The method not only solves some difficult problems proposed by Boutilier and Goldsmith, but also deepens the basic theory researching of CP-nets.%CP-nets是一种简单而又直观的图形化偏好表示工具,成为近几年人工智能的一个研究热点.然而,任意二值CP-nets上的强占优算法还没有给出,CP-nets可表示的偏好的完备性还无人研究,CP-nets所能表示的偏好是否一致也还未彻底解决.基于CP-nets上的强占优运算研究CP-nets的完备性和一致性.首先,通过构造CP-nets导出图及其性质的研究,得出强占优的本质是求取翻转关系的传递闭包,从而利用Warshall算法求出可判断任意CP-nets的强占优;其次,通过求取3种不同结构(可分离的、链表结构和树形结构)的CP-nets的偏好个数,给出了CP-nets可表达的偏好的不完备性定理,并给出了可分离的CP
Unifying CP violations of quark and lepton sectors
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kim, Jihn E., E-mail: jihnekim@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Kyung Hee University, 26 Gyungheedaero, Dongdaemun-Gu, 02447, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Center for Axion and Precision Physics Research (IBS), 291 Daehakro, Yuseong-Gu, 34141, Taejon (Korea, Republic of); Department of Physics, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanakro, Gwanak-Gu, 08826, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Nam, Soonkeon [Department of Physics, Kyung Hee University, 26 Gyungheedaero, Dongdaemun-Gu, 02447, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)
2016-01-08
A preliminary determination of the Dirac phase in the PMNS matrix is δ{sub PMNS}≈-(π/2). A rather accurately determined Jarlskog invariant J in the CKM matrix is close to the maximum. Since the phases in the CKM and PMNS matrices will be accurately determined in the future, it is an interesting problem to relate these two phases. This can be achieved in a families-unified grand unification if the weak CP violation is introduced spontaneously à la Froggatt and Nielsen at a high energy scale, where only one meaningful Dirac CP phase appears.
Unifying CP violations of quark and lepton sectors
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kim, Jihn E. [Kyung Hee University, Department of Physics, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Center for Axion and Precision Physics Research (IBS), Taejon (Korea, Republic of); Seoul National University, Department of Physics, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Nam, Soonkeon [Kyung Hee University, Department of Physics, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)
2015-12-15
A preliminary determination of the Dirac phase in the PMNS matrix is δ{sub PMNS} ∼ -(π)/(2). A rather accurately determined Jarlskog invariant J in the CKM matrix is close to the maximum. Since the phases in the CKM and PMNS matrices will be accurately determined in the future, it is an interesting problem to relate these two phases. This can be achieved in a families-unified grand unification if the weak CP violation is introduced spontaneously a la Froggatt and Nielsen at a high energy scale, where only one meaningful Dirac CP phase appears. (orig.)
The remnant CP transformation and its implications
Gonzalez-Canales, Felix
2016-01-01
In the context of remnant CP transformations, I briefly discuss a generalized $\\mu-\\tau$ reflection symmetry, where the "Majorana" phases have CP conserving values, which are directly related with the CP parities of neutrino states. Also, one finds that the "Dirac-like" CP violation phase is correlated with the atmospheric mixing angle, giving important phenomenological implications for current and future long baseline oscillation neutrino experiments.
Simulation of C-CP Fiber-Based Air Filtration
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Christopher L. Cox, Ph.D.
2008-06-01
Full Text Available The overall goal of this project is to develop High Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA filter media, using conventional fiber spinning techniques, with lower pressure drop than current media through the use of shaped fibers. Capillary-channeled polymer (C-CP fibers are gaining interest for use in a range of separations applications. This paper focuses on modeling air filtration where the filter consists of C-CP fibers. A variety of numerical tools are being used in this effort, including a finite element flow solver and Brownian dynamics simulation. Aspects of these techniques in relation to the problem at hand will be described, and simulation results including comparisons to round-fiber filters will be presented. The primary result presented here is the significant difference in predicted pressure drop between a prototype C-CP filter and a round-fiber filter with equal total cross-sectional area.
Chemtob, M.; Moreau, G.
1999-06-01
We examine the effects of the R parity odd renormalizable interactions on flavor changing rates and CP asymmetries in the production of fermion-antifermion pairs at leptonic (electron and muon) colliders. In the reactions l-+l+-->fJ+f¯J' (l=e, μ J≠J') the produced fermions may be leptons, down quarks, or up quarks, and the center of mass energies may range from the Z-boson pole up to 1000 GeV. Off the Z-boson pole, the flavor changing rates are controlled by tree level amplitudes and the CP asymmetries by interference terms between tree and loop level amplitudes. At the Z-boson pole, both observables involve loop amplitudes. The lepton number violating interactions, associated with the coupling constants λijk, λ'ijk, are only taken into account. The consideration of loop amplitudes is restricted to the photon and Z-boson vertex corrections. We briefly review flavor violation physics at colliders. We present numerical results using a single, species and family independent, mass parameter m~ for all the scalar superpartners and considering simple assumptions for the family dependence of the R parity odd coupling constants. Finite nondiagonal rates (CP asymmetries) entail nonvanishing products of two (four) different coupling constants in different family configurations. For lepton pair production, the Z-boson decays branching ratios BJJ'=B(Z-->l-J+l+J') scale in order of magnitude as BJJ'~(λ/0.1)4(100 GeV/m~)2.510-9, with coupling constants λ=λijk or λ'ijk in appropriate family configurations. The corresponding results for d- and u quarks are larger, due to an extra color factor Nc=3. The flavor nondiagonal rates, at energies well above the Z-boson pole, slowly decrease with the center of mass energy and scale with the mass parameter approximately as σJJ'~(λ/0.1)4(100 GeV/m~)2-3(1-10) fbarn. Including the contributions from an sneutrino s-channel exchange could raise the rates for leptons or d quarks by one order of magnitude. The CP-odd asymmetries at
Generalised CP and $\\Delta (96)$ Family Symmetry
Ding, Gui-Jun
2014-01-01
We perform a comprehensive study of the $\\Delta (96)$ family symmetry combined with the generalised CP symmetry $H_{\\rm{CP}}$. We investigate the lepton mixing parameters which can be obtained from the original symmetry $\\Delta (96)\\rtimes H_{\\rm{CP}}$ breaking to different remnant symmetries in the neutrino and charged lepton sectors, namely $G_{\
Constraints on the CP-Violating MSSM
Arbey, A; Godbole, R M; Mahmoudi, F
2016-01-01
We discuss the prospects for observing CP violation in the MSSM with six CP-violating phases, using a geometric approach to maximise CP-violating observables subject to the experimental upper bounds on electric dipole moments. We consider constraints from Higgs physics, flavour physics, the dark matter relic density and spin-independent scattering cross section with matter.
Thomson, G
1999-01-01
In this talk I describe a proposed Fermilab Main Injector experiment to carry out a program of measurements on the physics of K^0 mesons. The experiment is designed to maximize the interference between K_L and K_S mesons near their production target, and hence have excellent sensitivity to CP violation in many decay modes. The extremely accurate CP violation measurements we will be able to make will allow us to test CPT symmetry violation with sensitivity at the Planck scale. The experiment will use an RF-separated K^+ beam striking a target at the entrance to a hyperon magnet to make the K^0 beam by charge exchange. The decay region, magnetic spectrometer, electromagnetic calorimeter, and muon detector follow immediately to observe interference between K_L and K_S near the target.
Flavour physics and CP violation
Nir, Y
2015-01-01
We explain the many reasons for the interest in flavor physics. We describe flavor physics and the related CP violation within the Standard Model, and explain how the B-factories proved that the Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism dominates the CP violation that is observed in meson decays. We explain the implications of flavor physics for new physics, with emphasis on the “new physics flavor puzzle”, and present the idea of minimal flavor violation as a possible solution. We explain why the values flavor parameters of the Standard Model are puzzling, present the Froggatt-Nielsen mechanism as a possible solution, and describe how measurements of neutrino parameters are interpreted in the context of this puzzle. We show that the recently discovered Higgs-like boson may provide new opportunities for making progress on the various flavor puzzles.
Flavour physics and CP violation
Nir, Y
2010-01-01
This is a written version of a series of lectures aimed at graduate students in particle theory/string theory/particle experiment familiar with the basics of the Standard Model. We explain the many reasons for the interest in flavour physics. We describe flavour physics and the related CP violation within the Standard Model, and explain how the B-factories proved that the Kobayashi- Maskawa mechanism dominates the CP violation that is observed in meson decays. We explain the implications of flavour physics for new physics. We emphasize the “new physics flavour puzzle”. As an explicit example, we explain how the recent measurements ofD0−D 0 mixing constrain the supersymmetric flavour structure. We explain how the ATLAS and CMS experiments can solve the new physics flavour puzzle and perhaps shed light on the standard model flavour puzzle. Finally, we describe various interpretations of the neutrino flavour data and their impact on flavour models.
CP Methods for Scheduling and Routing with Time-Dependent Task Costs
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Tierney, Kevin; Kelareva, Elena; Kilby, Philip
2013-01-01
A particularly difficult class of scheduling and routing problems in- volves an objective that is a sum of time-varying action costs, which increases the size and complexity of the problem. Solve-and-improve approaches, which find an initial solution for a simplified model and improve it using...... a cost function, and Mixed Integer Programming (MIP) are often used for solving such problems. However, Constraint Programming (CP), particularly with Lazy Clause Genera- tion (LCG), has been found to be faster than MIP for some scheduling problems with time-varying action costs. In this paper, we...... compare CP and LCG against a solve-and-improve approach for two recently introduced problems in maritime logistics with time-varying action costs: the Liner Shipping Fleet Repositioning Problem (LSFRP) and the Bulk Port Cargo Throughput Optimisation Problem (BPCTOP). We present a novel CP model...
Degenerate Neutrinos and CP Violation
Ioannisian, A N
2003-01-01
We have studied mixing and masses of three left handed Majorana neutrinos in the model, which assumes exactly degenerate neutrino masses at some "neutrino unification" scale. Such a simple theoretical ansatz naturally leads to quasidegenerate neutrinos. The neutrino mass splittings induced by renormalization effects. In the model we found that the parameters of the neutrino physics (neutrino mass spectrum, mixing angles and CP violation phases) are strongly intercorrelated to each other. From these correlations we got strong bounds on the parameters which could be checked in the oscillation experiments.
Karp, Dagan; Riggins, Paul; Whitcher, Ursula
2011-01-01
We exhaustively analyze the toric symmetries of CP^3 and its toric blowups. Our motivation is to study toric symmetry as a computational technique in Gromov-Witten theory and Donaldson-Thomas theory. We identify all nontrivial toric symmetries. The induced nontrivial isomorphisms lift and provide new symmetries at the level of Gromov-Witten Theory and Donaldson-Thomas Theory. The polytopes of the toric varieties in question include the permutohedron, the cyclohedron, the associahedron, and in fact all graph associahedra, among others.
Spontaneous CP violation and Non-Abelian Family Symmetry in SUSY
Ross, Graham G; Vives, O; Ross, Graham G.; Velasco-Sevilla, Liliana; Vives, Oscar
2004-01-01
We analyse the properties of generic models based on an SU(3) family symmetry providing a full description of quark charged lepton and neutrino masses and mixing angles. We show that a precise fit of the resulting fermion textures is consistent with CP being spontaneously broken in the flavour sector. The CP violating phases are determined by the scalar potential and we discuss how symmetries readily lead to a maximal phase controlling CP violation in the quark sector. In a specific model the CP violation to be expected in the neutrino sector is related to that in the quark sector and we determine this relation for two viable models. In addition to giving rise to the observed structure of quark and lepton masses this class of model solves both the CP and flavour problems normally associated with supersymmetric models. The flavour structure of the soft supersymmetry breaking terms is controlled by the family symmetry and we analyse some of the related phenomenological implications.
Dynamical CP violation in composite Higgs models
Hashimoto, S.; Inagaki, Tomohiro; Muta, Taizo
1993-01-01
The dynamical origin of the CP violation in electroweak theory is investigated in composite Higgs models. The mechanism of the spontaneous CP violation proposed in other context by Dashen is adopted to construct simple models of the dynamical CP violation. Within the models the size of the neutron electric dipole moment is estimated and the constraint on the $\\varepsilon$-parameter in K-meson decays is discussed.
CP violation during the electroweak sphaleron transitions
Shuryak, Edward
2016-01-01
We suggest a specific semiclassical background field, the so called pure gauge sphaleron explosion, to evaluate the magnitude of the CP violation stemming from the standard phase of the CKM matrix. We use it to evaluate the matrix elements of some next-to-leading order effective CP-violating operators suggested in the literature. We also derive the scale dependence of the corresponding coefficients. Finally, we discuss the expected magnitude of the CP violation in the cold electroweak scenario.
Measurement of branching fraction and CP asymmetries in B->D0(cp)K decays
Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Garra Tico, J; Graugès-Pous, E; López, L; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lopes-Pegna, D; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Osipenkov, I L; Ronan, M T; Tackmann, K; Tanabé, T; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo-Sánchez, P; Hawkes, C M; Watson, A T; Koch, H; Schröder, T; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Shen, B C; Vitug, G M; Zhang, L; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wilson, M G; Winstrom, L O; Chen, E; Cheng, C H; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Gabareen, A M; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Karbach, M; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Klose, V; Kobel, M J; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Lombardo, V; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Watson, J E; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Santoro, V; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Lae, C K; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Bequilleux, J; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F; Lutz, A M; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Burke, J P; Chavez, C A; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; George, K A; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Paramesvaran, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Bailey, D; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Zheng, Y; Mclachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Knoepfel, K J; LoSecco, J M; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Sekula, S J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gagliardi, N; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Ben-Haim, E; Briand, H; Calderini, G; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; De La Vaissière, C; Hamon, O; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Pérez, A; Prendki, J; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Biesiada, J; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Baracchini, E; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; Del Re, D; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Hartmann, T; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Castelli, G; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Röthel, W; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Escalier, M; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Chen, X R; Liu, H; Park, W; Purohit, M V; White, R M; Wilson, J R; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Bechtle, P; Claus, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Innes, W R; Kaminski, J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ofte, I; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Pulliam, T; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Thompson, J M; Vavra, J; Wagner, A P; Weaver, M; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Yi, K; Young, C C; Ziegler, V; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Miyashita, T S; Petersen, B A; Wilden, L; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Bula, R; Ernst, J A; Jain, V; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Wappler, F R; Zain, S B; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Ruland, A M; Schilling, C J; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Pelliccioni, M; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Lopez-March, N; Martínez-Vidal, F; Milanes, D A; Oyanguren, A; Albert, J; Banerjee, Sw; Bhuyan, B; Hamano, K; Kowalewski, R; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Harrison, P F; Ilic, J; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Band, H R; Chen, X; Dasu, S; Flood, K T; Hollar, J J; Kutter, P E; Pan, Y; Pierini, M; Prepost, R; Wu, S L; Neal, H
2007-01-01
We present a preliminary study of $B^- \\to D^0_{CP} \\pi^-$ and $B^- \\to D^0_{CP} K^-$ decays, with the $D^0_{CP}$ reconstructed in the CP-odd eigenstates $K_s \\pi^0$, $K_s \\omega$, in the CP-even eigenstates $K^+ K^-$, $\\pi^+ \\pi^-$, and in the (non-CP) flavor eigenstate $K^\\mp \\pi^\\pm$. Using a sample of about 382 million Y(4S) decays into BBbar pairs, collected with the BABAR detector operating at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B Factory at SLAC, we measure the ratios of the branching fractions R_CP+- and the direct CP asymmetries A_CP+-. The results are: R_CP- = 0.81 \\pm 0.10 (stat) \\pm 0.05 (syst) R_CP+ = 1.07 \\pm 0.10 (stat) \\pm 0.04 (syst) A_CP- = -0.19 \\pm 0.12 (stat) \\pm 0.02 (syst) A_CP+ = 0.35 \\pm 0.09 (stat) \\pm 0.05 (syst)
Measurement of CP observables in $B^{\\pm} \\to D^{0}_{CP} K^{\\pm}$ decays
Aubert, B; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prencipe, E; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Garra Tico, J; Graugès-Pous, E; López, L; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lynch, G; Osipenkov, I L; Ronan, M T; Tackmann, K; Tanabé, T; Wenzel, W A; Hawkes, C M; Soni, N; Watson, A T; Koch, H; Schröder, T; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Barrett, M; Khan, A; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Buzykaev, A R; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Shen, B C; Vitug, G M; Yasin, Z; Zhang, L; Sharma, V; Campagnari, C; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wang, L; Wilson, M G; Winstrom, L O; Cheng, C H; Doll, D A; Echenard, B; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Ford, W T; Gaz, A; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Ayad, R; Gabareen, A M; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Karbach, M; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Klose, V; Kobel, M J; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Playfer, S; Watson, J E; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Santoro, V; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Nash, J A; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Lae, C K; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Bquilleux, J; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Firminoda Costa, J; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F; Lutz, A M; Pruvot, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Burke, J P; Chavez, C A; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; George, K A; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Sigamani, M; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Paramesvaran, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Alwyn, K E; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Mclachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W
2008-01-01
We present a study of the decay $B^- \\to D^0_{(CP)}K^-$ and its charge conjugate, where $D^0_{(CP)}$ is reconstructed in both a non-CP flavor eigenstate and in CP (CP-even and CP-odd) eigenstates, based on a sample of 382 million $\\Upsilon{(4S)} \\to B \\bar{B}$ decays collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II $e^+e^-$ storage ring. We measure the direct CP asymmetries $A_{CP\\pm}$ and the ratios of the branching fractions $R_{CP\\pm}$: $A_{CP+} = 0.27\\pm 0.09\\mathrm{(stat)}\\pm 0.04\\mathrm{(syst)}$, $A_{CP-} =-0.09\\pm 0.09\\mathrm{(stat)}\\pm 0.02\\mathrm{(syst)}$, $R_{CP+} = 1.06\\pm 0.10\\mathrm{(stat)}\\pm 0.05\\mathrm{(syst)}$, $R_{CP-} = 1.03\\pm 0.10\\mathrm{(stat)}\\pm 0.05\\mathrm{(syst)}$. These results will help to better constrain the gamma phase parameter of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa quark mixing matrix.
Higgs CP Violation from Vectorlike Quarks
Chen, Chien-Yi; Zhang, Yue
2015-01-01
We explore CP violating aspects in the Higgs sector of models where new vectorlike quarks carry Yukawa couplings mainly to the third generation quarks of the Standard Model. We point out that in the simplest model, Higgs CP violating interactions only exist in the hWW channel. At low energy, we find that rare B decays can place similarly strong constraints as those from electric dipole moments on the source of CP violation. These observations offer a new handle to discriminate from other Higgs CP violating scenarios such as scalar sector extensions of the Standard Model, and imply an interesting future interplay among limits from different experiments.
CP Violation from Five-Dimensional QED
Grzadkowski, Bohdan; Wudka, José
2004-11-01
It is shown that QED in (1+4)-dimensional space-time, with the fifth dimension compactified on a circle, is, in general, a CP violating theory. Depending on the fermionic boundary conditions, CP violation may be either explicit (through the Scherk-Schwarz mechanism) or spontaneous (via the Hosotani mechanism). The fifth component of the gauge field acquires (at the one-loop level) a nonzero vacuum expectation value which, in the presence of two fermionic fields, leads to spontaneous CP violation when the boundary conditions are CP symmetric. Phenomenological consequences are illustrated by a calculation of the electric dipole moment for the fermionic zero modes.
SUSY CP phases and asymmetries at colliders
Kittel, Olaf
2009-01-01
In the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, physical phases of complex parameters lead to CP violation. We show how triple products of particle momenta or spins can be used to construct asymmetries, that allow us to probe these CP phases. To give specific examples, we discuss the production of neutralinos at the International Linear Collider. For the Large Hadron Collider, we discuss CP asymmetries in squark decays, and in the tri-lepton signal. We find that the CP asymmetries can be as large as 60%.
SUSY CP phases and asymmetries at colliders
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kittel, Olaf, E-mail: kittel@ugr.e [Departamento de Fisica Teorica y del Cosmos and CAFPE, Universidad de Granada, E-18071 Granada (Spain)
2009-06-01
In the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, physical phases of complex parameters lead to CP violation. We show how triple products of particle momenta or spins can be used to construct asymmetries, that allow us to probe these CP phases. To give specific examples, we discuss the production of neutralinos at the International Linear Collider (ILC). For the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), we discuss CP asymmetries in squark decays, and in the tri-lepton signal. We find that the CP asymmetries can be as large as 60%.
Technology evaluation: CpG-7909, Coley.
Paul, Stéphane
2003-10-01
Coley Pharmaceutical (formerly CpG ImmunoPharmaceuticals) is developing CpG-7909 (ProMune) for use in the potential treatment of cancer and as a vaccine adjuvant. By April 2000, CpG-7909 had entered phase I/II trials for cancer and in March 2002, Coley initiated a phase I trial in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in combination with rituximab (Rituxan). By October 2002, CpG-7909 was in phase II trials as a vaccine adjuvant. Cpg-7909 is currently also undergoing phase II trials for melanoma.
Scientific programming on massively parallel processor CP-PACS
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Boku, Taisuke [Tsukuba Univ., Ibaraki (Japan). Inst. of Information Sciences and Electronics
1998-03-01
The massively parallel processor CP-PACS takes various problems of calculation physics as the object, and it has been designed so that its architecture has been devised to do various numerical processings. In this report, the outline of the CP-PACS and the example of programming in the Kernel CG benchmark in NAS Parallel Benchmarks, version 1, are shown, and the pseudo vector processing mechanism and the parallel processing tuning of scientific and technical computation utilizing the three-dimensional hyper crossbar net, which are two great features of the architecture of the CP-PACS are described. As for the CP-PACS, the PUs based on RISC processor and added with pseudo vector processor are used. Pseudo vector processing is realized as the loop processing by scalar command. The features of the connection net of PUs are explained. The algorithm of the NPB version 1 Kernel CG is shown. The part that takes the time for processing most in the main loop is the product of matrix and vector (matvec), and the parallel processing of the matvec is explained. The time for the computation by the CPU is determined. As the evaluation of the performance, the evaluation of the time for execution, the short vector processing of pseudo vector processor based on slide window, and the comparison with other parallel computers are reported. (K.I.)
CP symmetry in optical systems
Dana, Brenda; Malomed, Boris A
2015-01-01
We introduce a model of a dual-core optical waveguide with opposite signs of the group-velocity-dispersion (GVD) in the two cores, and a phase-velocity mismatch between them. The coupler is embedded into an active host medium, which provides for the linear coupling of a gain-loss type between the two cores. The same system can be derived, without phenomenological assumptions, by considering the three-wave propagation in a medium with the quadratic nonlinearity, provided that the depletion of the second-harmonic pump is negligible. This linear system offers an optical realization of the charge-parity ($\\mathcal{CP}$) symmetry, while the addition of the intra-core cubic nonlinearity breaks the symmetry. By means of direct simulations and analytical approximations, it is demonstrated that the linear system generates expanding Gaussian states, while the nonlinear one gives rise to broad oscillating solitons, as well as a general family of stable stationary gap solitons.
Exploring CP violation in the MSSM
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Arbey, Alexandre [Universite de Lyon, Universite Lyon 1, Centre de Recherche Astrophysique de Lyon, CNRS, UMR 5574, Saint-Genis Laval (France); Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon, Lyon (France); Theory Division, CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); Ellis, John [Theory Division, CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); King' s College London, Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology Group, Department of Physics, London (United Kingdom); Godbole, Rohini M. [Indian Institute of Science, Centre for High Energy Physics, Bangalore (India); Mahmoudi, Farvah [Universite de Lyon, Universite Lyon 1, Centre de Recherche Astrophysique de Lyon, CNRS, UMR 5574, Saint-Genis Laval (France); Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon, Lyon (France); Theory Division, CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); Institut Universitaire de France, Paris (France)
2015-02-01
We explore the prospects for observing CP violation in the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM) with six CP-violating parameters, three gaugino mass phases and three phases in trilinear soft supersymmetry-breaking parameters, using the CPsuperH code combined with a geometric approach to maximise CP-violating observables subject to the experimental upper bounds on electric dipole moments. We also implement CP-conserving constraints from Higgs physics, flavour physics and the upper limits on the cosmological dark matter density and spin-independent scattering. We study possible values of observables within the constrained MSSM (CMSSM), the non-universal Higgs model (NUHM), the CPX scenario and a variant of the phenomenological MSSM (pMSSM). We find values of the CP-violating asymmetry A{sub CP} in b → sγ decay that may be as large as 3 %, so future measurements of A{sub CP} may provide independent information about CP violation in the MSSM. We find that CP-violating MSSM contributions to the B{sub s} meson mass mixing term ΔM{sub B{sub s}} are in general below the present upper limit, which is dominated by theoretical uncertainties. If these could be reduced, ΔM{sub B{sub s}} could also provide an interesting and complementary constraint on the six CP-violating MSSM phases, enabling them all to be determined experimentally, in principle. We also find that CP violation in the h{sub 2,3}τ{sup +}τ{sup -} and h{sub 2,3} anti tt couplings can be quite large, and so may offer interesting prospects for future pp, e{sup +}e{sup -}, μ{sup +}μ{sup -} and γγ colliders. (orig.)
LHCb : Measuring $CP$ violation with $\\Delta A_{CP}$ at LHCb
Pearce, A
2014-01-01
Measurements are presented of direct $CP$ violation in $D^{0}$ meson decays in LHCb, using the $\\Delta A_{CP}$ technique, and a proposal is outlined to make similar measurements in the decays of the charmed baryon $\\Lambda_{c}^{+}$. The motivations for use of the $\\Delta A_{CP}$ method are discussed, along with the current results and future prospects.
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Michael Gronau
2004-02-01
While the Kobayashi-Maskawa single phase origin of CP violation passed its first crucial precision test in $B→ J/ K_{S}$, the chirality of weak $b$-quark couplings has not yet been carefully tested. We discuss recent proposals for studying the chiral and CP-violating structures of these couplings in radiative and hadronic $B$ decays.
Super Kobayashi-Maskawa CP-violation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gerard, J.M.; Grimus, W.; Raychaudhuri, A.; Zoupanos, G.
1984-06-14
We argue that in the minimal SUSY extension of the standard model, CP-violation cannot be explained through SUSY phases alone. But SYSY graphs, especially with gluinos, can make important contributions to CP-violation through the Kobayashi-Maskawa phase.
Dynamical CP violation at finite temperature
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG Dian-Fu; SUN Xiao-Yu; LIANG Chao
2012-01-01
By using the generalized Yang-Mills model,CP violation behavior at finite temperature is investigated,and it is shown that dynamical CP violation of the generalized Yang-Mills model at zero temperature can be restored at finite temperature.
Liu, Cui; Chen, Jin; Li, Entao; Fan, Qiang; Wang, Deyun; Li, Peng; Li, Xiuping; Chen, Xingying; Qiu, Shulei; Gao, Zhenzhen; Li, Hongquan; Hu, Yuanliang
2015-02-01
Codonopsis pilosula polysaccharide (CP) was extracted, purified and modified by chlorosulfonic acid-pyridine method to obtain a sulfated CP (sCP). Their antioxidative activities in vitro were compared through the free radical-scavenging test. The results demonstrated that the scavenging capabilities of sCP were significantly stronger than those of CP. In vivo test, the mice hepatic injury model was prepared by BCG/LPS method, then administrated respectively with sCP and CP at three dosages, the biochemical indexes in serum, antioxidative indexes in liver homogenate and histopathological change in liver of the mice were compared. The results showed that in high (200mg/kg) and middle (150mg/kg) dosages of sCP groups, the contents of ALT, AST and TNF-α in serum and MDA in liver homogenate were significantly lower than those in the model group and numerically lower than those in the CP groups, the activities of SOD and GSH-Px in liver homogenate were significantly higher than those in the model group and numerically higher than those in the CP groups. In the model group there were obvious pathological changes in the liver, while in the sCP groups were near normal. These results indicate that sCP and CP possess antioxidative activity in vitro and in vivo, the activity of sCP is stronger than that of CP and sulfation modification can enhance the antioxidative and hepatoprotective activities of Codonopsis pilosula polysaccharide. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
New CP Violation in Neutrino Oscillations
Gonzalez-Garcia, M.C.; Gusso, A.; Nir, Y.
2001-01-01
Measurements of CP-violating observables in neutrino oscillation experiments have been studied in the literature as a way to determine the CP-violating phase in the mixing matrix for leptons. Here we show that such observables also probe new neutrino interactions in the production or detection processes. Genuine CP violation and fake CP violation due to matter effects are sensitive to the imaginary and real parts of new couplings. The dependence of the CP asymmetry on source-detector distance is different from the standard one and, in particular, enhanced at short distances. We estimate that future neutrino factories will be able to probe in this way new interactions that are up to four orders of magnitude weaker than the weak interactions. We discuss the possible implications for models of new physics.
Nonthermal CP Violation in Soft Leptogenesis
Adhikari, Rathin; Fong, Chee Sheng; Rangarajan, Raghavan
2015-01-01
Soft leptogenesis is a mechanism which generates the matter-antimatter asymmetry of the Universe via the out-of-equilibrium decays of heavy sneutrinos in which soft supersymmetry breaking terms play two important roles: they provide the required CP violation and give rise to the mass splitting between otherwise degenerate sneutrino mass eigenstates within a single generation. This mechanism is interesting because it can be successful at lower temperature regime $T \\lesssim 10^9$ GeV in which the conflict with the overproduction of gravitinos can possibly be avoided. In earlier works the leading CP violation is found to be nonzero only if finite temperature effects are included. By considering generic soft trilinear couplings, we find two interesting consequences: 1) the leading CP violation can be nonzero even at zero temperature realizing nonthermal CP violation and 2) the CP violation is sufficient even far away from the resonant regime allowing soft supersymmetry breaking parameters to assume natural value...
Probing CP violation with T2K, NO$\
Dutta, Debajyoti
2016-01-01
The presence of non-unitary neutrino mixing can affect the measurement of the three-neutrino leptonic Dirac CP phase and hamper efforts to probe CP violation due to degeneracies of the extra non-unitary CP phase with the standard CP phase. We study the effect of including non-unitarity on probing CP violation with the long-baseline experiments NO$\
Measurement of CP Asymmetries for the Decays B+/- --> D0_CP K*+/-
Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Graugès-Pous, E; Palano, A; Pompili, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Borgland, A W; Breon, A B; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Day, C T; Gill, M S; Gritsan, A V; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Oddone, P J; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, Michael T; Wenzel, W A; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hawkes, C M; Morgan, S E; Watson, A T; Fritsch, M; Goetzen, K; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Peters, K; Schröder, T; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Burke, J P; Chevalier, N; Cottingham, W N; Kelly, M P; Latham, T E; Wilson, F F; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Thiessen, D; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, A E; Blinov, V E; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Ivanchenko, V N; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Yushkov, A N; Best, D; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M A; Mommsen, R K; Röthel, W; Stoker, D P; Buchanan, C; Hartfiel, B L; Weinstein, A J R; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Long, O; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Del Re, D; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; MacFarlane, D B; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Lu, A; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Verkerke, W; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dvoretskii, A; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Yang, S; Jayatilleke, S M; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Rankin, P; Ruddick, W O; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Zhang, J; Zhang, L; Chen, A; Eckhart, E A; Harton, J L; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Zeng, Q; Spaan, B; Altenburg, D; Brandt, T; Brose, J; Dickopp, M; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Lacker, H M; Maly, E; Nogowski, R; Otto, S; Petzold, A; Schott, G; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Grenier, P; Schrenk, S; Thiebaux, C; Vasileiadis, G; Verderi, M; Bard, D J; Clark, P J; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Azzolini, V; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Piemontese, L; Sarti, A; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De, R; Sangro; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Capra, R; Contri, R; Crosetti, G; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Bailey, S; Brandenburg, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Won, E; Dubitzky, R S; Langenegger, U; Marks, J; Uwer, U; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Gaillard, J R; Morton, G W; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Taylor, G P; Charles, M J; Grenier, G J; Mallik, U; Mohapatra, A K; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Lamsa, J; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Yi, J; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Giroux, X; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Le Diberder, F R; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Petersen, T C; Pierini, M; Plaszczynski, S; Schune, M H; Wormser, G; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Simani, M C; Wright, D M; Bevan, A J; Chavez, C A; Coleman, J P; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, Erwin; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Parry, R J; Payne, D J; Touramanis, C; Cormack, C M; Di Lodovico, F; Brown, C L; Cowan, G; Flack, R L; Flächer, H U; Green, M G; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Winter, M A; Brown, D; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Hodgkinson, M C; Lafferty, G D; Naisbit, M T; Williams, J C; Chen, C; Farbin, A; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Kovalskyi, D; Lae, C K; Lillard, V; Roberts, D A; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Kofler, R; Koptchev, V B; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Stängle, H; Willocq, S; Cowan, R; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L M; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Reidy, J; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Taras, P; Nicholson, H; Cavallo, N; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M; Bulten, H; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Wilden, L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Allmendinger, T; Benelli, G; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Pulliam, T; Rahimi, A M; Ter-Antonian, R; Wong, Q K; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Lu, M; Potter, C T; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Torrence, E; Colecchia, F; Dorigo, A; Galeazzi, F; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; La Vaissière, C de; Hamon, O; John, M J J; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Roos, L; Therin, G; Behera, P K; Gladney, L; Guo, Q H; Panetta, J; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Pioppi, M; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bondioli, M; Bucci, F; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rama, M; Rizzo, G; Simi, G; Walsh, J; Haire, M; Judd, D; Paick, K; Wagoner, D E; Danielson, N; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Miftakov, V; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; D'Orazio, A; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Safai, F; Tehrani; Voena, C; Christ, S; Schröder, H; Wagner, G; Waldi, R; Adye, T; De Groot, N; Franek, B J; Gopal, G P; Olaiya, E O; Aleksan, Roy; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Giraud, P F; Graziani, G; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, Witold; Legendre, M; London, G W; Mayer, B; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Purohit, M V; Weidemann, A W; Wilson, J R; Yumiceva, F X; Abe, T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Berger, N; Boyarski, A M; Buchmüller, O L; Claus, R; Convery, M R; Cristinziani, M; De Nardo, Gallieno; Dingfelder, J C; Dong, D; Dorfan, J; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Fan, S; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Hadig, T; Halyo, V; Hast, C; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Libby, J; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ozcan, V E; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Soha, A; Stelzer, J; Strube, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Vavra, J; Wagner, S R; Weaver, M; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Young, C C; Burchat, Patricia R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Petersen, B A; Roat, C; Ahmed, M; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Ernst, J A; Saeed, M A; Saleem, M; Wappler, F R; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Kim, H; Ritchie, J L; Satpathy, A; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Kitayama, I; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Bóna, M; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Dittongo, S; Grancagnolo, S; Lanceri, L; Poropat, P; Vitale, L; Vuagnin, G; Martínez-Vidal, F; Panvini, R S; Banerjee, S W; Bhuyan, B; Brown, C M; Fortin, D; Hamano, K; Jackson, P D; Kowalewski, R V; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Back, J J; Harrison, P F; Mohanty, G B; Band, H R; Chen, X; Cheng, B; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Eichenbaum, A M; Flood, K T; Graham, M; Hollar, J J; Johnson, J R; Kutter, P E; Li, H; Liu, R; Mihályi, A; Pan, Y; Prepost, R; Tan, P; Von Wimmersperg-Töller, J H; Wu, J; Wu, S L; Yu, Z; Greene, M G; Neal, H
2005-01-01
Using a sample of 232 million Upsilon(4S) --> B Bbar events collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II B Factory in 1999-2004, we study B- --> D0 K*(892)- decays where K*- --> KS pi- and D0 --> K-pi+, K-pi+pi0, K-pi+pi+pi- (non-CP final states); K+K-, pi+pi- (CP+ eigenstates); KSpi0, KSphi and KSomega (CP- eigenstates). We measure four observables that are sensitive to the angle gamma of the CKM unitarity triangle; the partial-rate charge asymmetries A_CP+/- and the ratios of the B-decay branching fraction in CP+/- and non-CP decays R_CP+/-: A_CP+ = -0.08 +/- 0.19 (stat.) +/- 0.08 (syst.) A_CP- = -0.26 +/- 0.40 (stat.) +/- 0.12 (syst.) R_CP+ = 1.96 +/- 0.40 (stat.) +/- 0.11 (syst.) R_CP- = 0.65 +/- 0.26 (stat.) +/- 0.08 (syst.)
Measurement of Branching Ratios and CP Asymmetries in B- -> D0(CP)K- Decays
Aubert, Bernard
2002-01-01
We present preliminary results of the analysis of B -> D0 h decays, with h = pi, K and the D0 reconstructed in the channels K- pi+, K- pi+ pi+ pi-, K- pi+ pi0 and in the CP eigenstate K-K+, using data collected by the BABAR detector during the years 2000-2002 at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B Factory at SLAC. We have measured the ratio of the branching fractions R = Br(B- -> D0 K-) / Br(B- -> D0 pi-) = (8.31 +- 0.35 (stat) +- 0.20 (syst))% and the direct CP asymmetry A(CP) = (Br(B- -> D0(CP) K-) - Br(B+ -> D0(CP) K+)) / (Br(B- -> D0(CP) K-)+Br(B+ -> D0(CP) K+)) = 0.17 +- 0.23 (stat) +0.09 -0.07 (syst).
Baryogenesis from strong CP violation and the QCD axion.
Servant, Géraldine
2014-10-24
We show that strong CP violation from the QCD axion can be responsible for the matter antimatter asymmetry of the Universe in the context of cold electroweak baryogenesis if the electroweak phase transition is delayed below the GeV scale. This can occur naturally if the Higgs couples to a O(100) GeV dilaton, as expected in some models where the Higgs is a pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson of a new strongly interacting sector at the TeV scale. The existence of such a second scalar resonance with a mass and properties similar to the Higgs boson will soon be tested at the LHC. In this context, the QCD axion would not only solve the strong CP problem, but also the matter antimatter asymmetry and dark matter.
The structure of completely positive matrices according to their CP-rank and CP-plus-rank
Bomze, Immanuel M.; Dickinson, Peter J.C.; Still, Georg
2015-01-01
We study the topological properties of the cp-rank operator $\\mathrm{cp}(A)$ and the related cp-plus-rank operator $\\mathrm{cp}^+(A)$ (which is introduced in this paper) in the set $\\mathcal{S}^n$ of symmetric $n\\times n$-matrices. For the set of completely positive matrices, $\\mathcal{CP}^n$, we sh
The structure of completely positive matrices according to their CP-rank and CP-plus-rank
Dickinson, Peter James Clair; Bomze, Immanuel M.; Still, Georg J.
2015-01-01
We study the topological properties of the cp-rank operator $\\mathrm{cp}(A)$ and the related cp-plus-rank operator $\\mathrm{cp}^+(A)$ (which is introduced in this paper) in the set $\\mathcal{S}^n$ of symmetric $n\\times n$-matrices. For the set of completely positive matrices, $\\mathcal{CP}^n$, we
CP Violation in the Linear Sigma Model
Mizher, Ana Júlia
2009-01-01
Motivated by the possibility of the formation of CP-odd domains in heavy ion collisions, we investigate the effects of CP violation on the chiral transition within the linear sigma model with two flavors of quarks. We also study how the CP-odd system is affected by the presence of a strong magnetic field, that is presumably generated in a non-central heavy ion collision. We find that both ingredients play an important role, influencing drastically the nature of the phase transition and the critical temperature.
CP Violation in the Linear Sigma Model
Mizher, Ana Júlia; Fraga, Eduardo S.
2008-01-01
Motivated by the possibility of the formation of CP-odd domains in heavy ion collisions, we investigate the effects of CP violation on the chiral transition within the linear sigma model with two flavors of quarks. We also study how the CP-odd system is affected by the presence of a strong magnetic field, that is presumably generated in a non-central heavy ion collision. We find that both ingredients play an important role, influencing drastically the nature of the phase transition and the cr...
CP Violation in the Linear Sigma Model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mizher, Ana Julia; Fraga, Eduardo S. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Caixa Postal 68528, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 21941-972 (Brazil)
2009-04-01
Motivated by the possibility of the formation of CP-odd domains in heavy ion collisions, we investigate the effects of CP violation on the chiral transition within the linear sigma model with two flavors of quarks. We also study how the CP-odd system is affected by the presence of a strong magnetic field, that is presumably generated in a non-central heavy ion collision. We find that both ingredients play an important role, influencing drastically the nature of the phase transition and the critical temperature.
The seesaw path to leptonic CP violation
Caputo, A.; Kekic, M.; López-Pavón, J.; Salvado, J.
2017-04-24
Future experiments such as SHiP and high-intensity $e^+ e^-$ colliders will have a superb sensitivity to heavy Majorana neutrinos with masses below $M_Z$. We show that the measurement of the mixing to electrons and muons of one such state could imply the discovery of leptonic CP violation in the context of seesaw models. We quantify in the minimal model the CP discovery potential of these future experiments, and demonstrate that a 5$\\sigma$ CL discovery of leptonic CP violation would be possible in a very significant fraction of parameter space.
The seesaw path to leptonic CP violation
Caputo, A.; Kekic, M.; López-Pavón, J.; Salvado, J.
2016-01-01
Future experiments such as SHiP and high-intensity $e^+ e^-$ colliders will have a superb sensitivity to heavy Majorana neutrinos with masses below $M_Z$. We show that the measurement of the mixing to electrons and muons of one such state could imply the discovery of leptonic CP violation in the context of seesaw models. We quantify in the minimal model the CP discovery potential of these future experiments, and demonstrate that a 5$\\sigma$ CL discovery of leptonic CP violation would be possible in a very significant fraction of parameter space.
The seesaw path to leptonic CP violation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Caputo, A.; Hernandez, P. [Universidad de Valencia and CSIC, Edificio Institutos Investigacion, Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, Paterna (Spain); CERN, Theoretical Physics Department, Geneva (Switzerland); Kekic, M.; Salvado, J. [Universidad de Valencia and CSIC, Edificio Institutos Investigacion, Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, Paterna (Spain); Lopez-Pavon, J. [CERN, Theoretical Physics Department, Geneva (Switzerland)
2017-04-15
Future experiments such as SHiP and high-intensity e{sup +}e{sup -} colliders will have a superb sensitivity to heavy Majorana neutrinos with masses below M{sub Z}. We show that the measurement of the mixing to electrons and muons of one such state could establish the existence of CP violating phases in the neutrino mixing matrix, in the context of low-scale seesaw models. We quantify in the minimal model the CP reach of these future experiments, and demonstrate that CP violating phases in the mixing matrix could be established at 5σ CL in a very significant fraction of parameter space. (orig.)
CP Violation in Single Top Quark Production
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Geng, Weigang [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)
2012-01-01
We present a search for CP violation in single top quark production with the DØ experiment at the Tevatron proton-antiproton collider. CP violation in the top electroweak interaction results in different single top quark production cross sections for top and antitop quarks. We perform the search in the single top quark final state using 5.4 fb^{-1} of data, in the s-channel, t-channel, and for both combined. At this time, we do not see an observable CP asymmetry.
Leptonic CP violation in supersymmetric standard model
Joshipura, A S
1995-01-01
We point out the possibility of spontaneous and hard CP-violation in the scalar potential of R-parity broken supersymmetric Standard Model. The existence of spontaneous CP-violation depends crucially on the R-parity breaking terms in the superpotential and, in addition, on the choice of the soft supersymmetry breaking terms. Unlike in theories with R-parity conservation, it is natural, in the context of the present model, for the sneutrinos to acquire (complex) vacuum expectation values. In the context of this model we examine here the global implications, like the strength of the CP-violating interactions and the neutrino masses.
Automatic CP invariance and flavor symmetry
Dutta, G; Dutta, Gautam; Joshipura, Anjan S
1996-01-01
The approximate conservation of CP can be naturally understood if it arises as an automatic symmetry of the renormalizable Lagrangian. We present a specific realistic example with this feature. In this example, the global Peccei-Quinn symmetry and gauge symmetries of the model make the renormalizable Lagrangian CP invariant but allow non zero hierarchical masses and mixing among the three generations. The left-right and a horizontal U(1)_H symmetry is imposed to achieve this. The non-renormalizable interactions invariant under these symmetries violate CP whose magnitude can be in the experimentally required range if U(1)_H is broken at very high, typically, near the grand unification scale.
Qualitative Preference Decision and Reasoning of Consistency for CP-nets%CP-nets的定性偏好决策及一致性推理
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
孙雪姣; 刘惊雷
2013-01-01
CP-nets是一种简单而又直观的图形化偏好表示工具,特别适合描述不完全信息下的具有依赖关系的多属性定性偏好决策.首先通过构造CP-nets导出图及对其性质的研究,得出强占优测试本质上是导出图上顶点之间的可达性问题,从而利用图的深度优先遍历算法实现了二值网的强占优测试；然后分别从无环图、有环图的角度给出CP-nets一致性的相关定理和性质,提出了判断一致性的3种方法,使得CP-nets的一致性问题得到解决；强化和扩充了Boutilier所提出的一些概念,深化了CP-nets的基础理论研究.%CP-nets (condition preference networks) is a simple and intuitive graphical tool for representing conditional ceteris paribus (all other things being equal) preference statements over the values of a set of variables,and it suits multiple attributes qualitative decision making under incomplete preference information situation especially. Firstly, by constructing induced graph of CP-nets and studying its properties,it was found that the nature of strong dominance testing is accessibility between vertices on the induced graph. So the problem of strong dominance testing with respect to binary-valued CP-nets is solved by DFS algorithm. Secondly, the consistency for CP-nets was studied. The theorems and properties on consistency were given separately from the perspective of acyclic CP-nets and cyclic CP-nets. In particular, three methods on judgment of consistency were proposed. All these can be seen as the improvement and refinement of Boutilier's related works.
AUTHOR|(INSPIRE)INSPIRE-00341004
2016-01-01
Latest LHCb measurements of $CP$ violation in b-hadrons are presented based on $pp$ collision data collected in 2011 and 2012 at centre-of-mass energies of $\\sqrt{s}=7$ $\\rm TeV$ and $8\\ \\rm TeV$ respectively. The total integrated luminosity collected is 3.0 fb$^{-1}$. Results include recent measurements of $CP$ violation in $B_d$ and $B_s$ mixing, along with those of quantifying the effects of $b\\to c\\bar{c} s$ loop pollution. Standard Model $CP$ violation tests in loop transitions are discussed with results consistent with expectations. New decays of b-baryons are presented and preliminary studies of $CP$ violation are performed.
Recent CP violation results from Belle
Mohanty, Gagan B
2012-01-01
We summarize recent results on an array of CP violation measurements performed by the Belle experiment using the data collected near the Y(4S) and Y(5S) resonances at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e+e- collider.
Examining CP Symmetry in Strange Baryon Decays
Luk, K B
2000-01-01
Non-conservation of CP symmetry can manisfest itself in non-leptonic hyperon decays as a difference in the decay parameter between the strange-baryon decay and its charge conjugate. By comparing the decay distribution in the $\\Lambda$ helicity frame for the decay sequence $\\Xi^{-} \\to \\Lambda \\pi^{-}$, $\\Lambda \\to p \\pi^{-}$ with that of $\\bar{\\Xi}^{+}$ decay, E756 at Fermilab did not observe any CP-odd effect at the $10^{-2}$ level. The status of a follow-up experiment, HyperCP (FNAL E871), to search for CP violation in charged $\\Xi-\\Lambda$ decay with a sensitivity of $10^{-4}$ is also presented.
The CKM matrix and CP violation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ligeti, Zoltan
2004-09-14
The status of CP violation and the CKM matrix is reviewed. Direct CP violation in B decay has been established and the measurement of sin 2{beta} in {psi}K modes reached 5% accuracy. I discuss the implications of these, and of the possible deviations of the CP asymmetries in b {yields} s modes from that in {psi}K. The first meaningful measurements of {alpha} and {gamma} are explained, together with their significance for constraining both the SM and new physics in B-{bar B} mixing. I also discuss implications of recent developments in the theory of nonleptonic decays for B {yields} {pi}K rates and CP asymmetries, and for the polarization in charmless B decays to two vector mesons.
Heavy quarks and CP: Moriond 1985
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bjorken, J.D.
1985-03-01
The presentations at the Fifth Moriond Workshop on Heavy Quarks, Flavor Mixing, and CP Violation (La Plagne, France, January 13-19, 1985) are summarized. The following topics are reviewed. What's New (beyond the top, top quarks, bottom quarks, charm quarks, strange quarks, and others); why is all this being done (strong interactions and hadron structure, and electroweak properties); and what next (facilities and can one see CP violation in the B-anti B system). 64 refs., 10 figs.
CP^n, or, entanglement illustrated
Bengtsson, I; Zyczkowski, K
2002-01-01
We show that many topological and geometrical properties of complex projective space can be understood just by looking at a suitably constructed picture. The idea is to view CP^n as a set of flat tori parametrized by the positive octant of a round sphere. We pay particular attention to submanifolds of constant entanglement in CP^3 and give a few new results concerning them.
CP-violating CFT and trace anomaly
Nakayama, Yu
2012-01-01
It is logically possible that the trace anomaly in four dimension includes the Hirzebruch-Pontryagin density in CP violating theories. Although the term vanishes at free conformal fixed points, we realize such a possibility in the holographic renormalization group and show that it is indeed possible. The Hirzebruch-Pontryagin term in the trace anomaly may serve as a barometer to understand how much CP is violated in conformal field theories.
Measurements of mixing and indirect CP violation
Reichert, Stefanie
2015-01-01
LHCb has collected the world's largest sample of charmed hadrons. This sample is used to measure the mixing parameters in the $D^0$-$\\bar{D}^0$ system and to search for indirect $CP$ violation. This contribution focuses on measurements of $A_{\\Gamma}$ with $D^*$ and semileptonic $B$ decays and on mixing measurements and a search for $CP$ violation in $D\\to K\\pi$ decays.
Models of neutrino mass, mixing and CP violation
King, Stephen F.
2015-12-01
In this topical review we argue that neutrino mass and mixing data motivates extending the Standard Model (SM) to include a non-Abelian discrete flavour symmetry in order to accurately predict the large leptonic mixing angles and {C}{P} violation. We begin with an overview of the SM puzzles, followed by a description of some classic lepton mixing patterns. Lepton mixing may be regarded as a deviation from tri-bimaximal mixing, with charged lepton corrections leading to solar mixing sum rules, or tri-maximal lepton mixing leading to atmospheric mixing rules. We survey neutrino mass models, using a roadmap based on the open questions in neutrino physics. We then focus on the seesaw mechanism with right-handed neutrinos, where sequential dominance (SD) can account for large lepton mixing angles and {C}{P} violation, with precise predictions emerging from constrained SD (CSD). We define the flavour problem and discuss progress towards a theory of favour using GUTs and discrete family symmetry. We classify models as direct, semidirect or indirect, according to the relation between the Klein symmetry of the mass matrices and the discrete family symmetry, in all cases focussing on spontaneous {C}{P} violation. Finally we give two examples of realistic and highly predictive indirect models with CSD, namely an A to Z of flavour with Pati-Salam and a fairly complete A 4 × SU(5) SUSY GUT of flavour, where both models have interesting implications for leptogenesis.
The Problem of Carbapenemase-Producing-Carbapenem-Resistant-Enterobacteriaceae Detection
Lutgring, Joseph D.
2016-01-01
The emergence and spread of carbapenemase-producing carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CP-CRE) are a significant clinical and public health concern. Reliable detection of CP-CRE is the first step in combating this problem. There are both phenotypic and molecular methods available for CP-CRE detection. There is no single detection method that is ideal for all situations. PMID:26739152
Did the CP Audits Promote the Enterprises’ CP? A Case Study in Beijing
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Gang Yu
2002-01-01
Full Text Available Seven enterprises that have had recent Cleaner Production (CP audits in Beijing were interviewed to identify whether these enterprises implemented the audit recommendations. If enterprises did implement the recommendations, their reasons and the results were analyzed. Finally, some suggestions on how to promote enterprise-wide CP were given.
Flavor and CP invariant composite Higgs models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Redi, Michele [CERN - European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva (Switzerland). Theory Div.; INFN, Firenze (Italy); Weiler, Andreas [CERN - European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva (Switzerland). Theory Div.; Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
2011-09-15
The flavor protection in composite Higgs models with partial compositeness is known to be insufficient. We explore the possibility to alleviate the tension with CP odd observables by assuming that flavor or CP are symmetries of the composite sector, broken by the coupling to Standard Model fields. One realization is that the composite sector has a flavor symmetry SU(3) or SU(3){sub U} x SU(3){sub D} which allows us to realize Minimal Flavor Violation. We show how to avoid the previously problematic tension between a flavor symmetric composite sector and electro-weak precision tests. Some of the light quarks are substantially or even fully composite with striking signals at the LHC. We discuss the constraints from recent dijet mass measurements and give an outlook on the discovery potential. We also present a different protection mechanism where we separate the generation of flavor hierarchies and the origin of CP violation. This can eliminate or safely reduce unwanted CP violating effects, realizing effectively ''Minimal CP Violation'' and is compatible with a dynamical generation of flavor at low scales. (orig.)
A4 and CP symmetry and a model with maximal CP violation
Li, Cai-Chang; Lu, Jun-Nan; Ding, Gui-Jun
2016-12-01
We study a second CP symmetry compatible with the A4 flavor group, which interchanges the representations 1‧ and 1″. We analyze the lepton mixing patterns arising from the A4 and CP symmetry broken to residual subgroups Z3 and Z2 × CP in the charged lepton and neutrino sectors respectively. One phenomenologically viable mixing pattern is found, and it predicts maximal atmospheric mixing angle as well as maximal Dirac CP phase, trivial Majorana phases and the correlation sin2 θ12cos2 θ13 = 1 / 3. We construct a concrete model based on the A4 and CP symmetry, the above interesting mixing pattern is achieved, the observed charged lepton mass hierarchy is reproduced, and the reactor mixing angle θ13 is of the correct order.
$A_4$ and CP symmetry and a model with maximal CP violation
Li, Cai-Chang; Ding, Gui-Jun
2016-01-01
We study a second CP symmetry compatible with the $A_4$ flavor group, which interchanges the representations $\\mathbf{1}'$ and $\\mathbf{1}"$. We analyze the lepton mixing patterns arising from the $A_4$ and CP symmetry broken to residual subgroups $Z_3$ and $Z_2\\times CP$ in the charged lepton and neutrino sectors respectively. One phenomenologically viable mixing pattern is found, and it predicts maximal atmospheric mixing angle as well as maximal Dirac CP phase, trivial Majorana phase and the correlation $\\sin^2\\theta_{12}\\cos^2\\theta_{13}=1/3$. We construct a concrete model based on the $A_4$ and CP symmetry, the above interesting mixing pattern is achieved, the observed charged lepton mass hierarchy is reproduced, and the reactor mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$ is of the correct order.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Michonski Jared D
2010-09-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background In his developmental model of emerging psychopathy, Lynam proposed that the "fledgling psychopath" is most likely to be located within a subgroup of children elevated in both hyperactivity/inattention/impulsivity (HIA and conduct problems (CP. This approach has garnered some empirical support. However, the extent to which Lynam's model captures children who resemble psychopathy with regard to the core affective and interpersonal features remains unclear. Methods In the present study, we investigated this issue within a large community sample of youth (N = 617. Four groups (non-HIA-CP, HIA-only, CP-only, and HIA-CP, defined on the basis of teacher reports of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ, were compared with respect to parent-reported psychopathic-like traits and subjective emotional reactivity in response to unpleasant, emotionally-laden pictures from the International Affective Pictures System (IAPS. Results Results did not support Lynam's model. HIA-CP children did not appear most psychopathic-like on dimensions of callous-unemotional and narcissistic personality, nor did they report reduced emotional reactivity to the IAPS relative to the other children. Post-hoc regression analyses revealed a significant moderation such that elevated HIA weakened the association between CP and emotional underarousal. Conclusions Implications of these findings with regard to the development of psychopathy are discussed.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2000-01-01
The excitation energy transfer efficiency between b -Car and Chla molecules in purified CP43 and CP47 was calculated by comparing absorption and fluorescence excitation after normalization at 550 nm, CP43 had an energy transfer efficiency of 29.1% while the CP47 had an energy transfer efficiency of 62.8%, proving that excitation energy was transferred between b -Car and Chla molecules in CP43 and CP47 at normal conditions. The excitation energy transfer between b -Car and Chla molecules in CP43 and CP47 may occur through the "Dexter" mechanism and the distance between these two kinds of pigments should be less than 1 nm. In addition, the results were also used to discuss the conformational relationship between b -Car and Chla molecules in CP43 and CP47.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2005-01-01
日立CP-HX990是继CP—HS980之后最新面市的一款轻薄型商用投影机。CP．HX990采用了3片0．6英寸的微透镜液晶板．并搭配了165W的UHB灯泡。在外观方面．它也保持了与CP-HS980相似的简洁设计．而且其重量也保持在了2．2kg。但在分辨率方面．CP—HX990提供的1024×768像素比CP-HS980的800×600像素提升了一个层次。
Lectures on Flavor Physics and CP Violation
Grinstein, B
2016-01-01
These lectures on flavor physics are an introduction to the subject. First lec- ture: We discuss the meaning of flavor and the importance of flavor physics in restricting extensions of the Standard Model (SM) of Electroweak interactions. We explain the origin of the KM matrix and how its elements are determined. We discuss FCNC and the GIM mechanism, followed by how a principle of Minimal Flavor Violation leads to SM extensions that are safe as far as FCNC are concerned even if the new physics comes in at low, TeVish scales. This is illustrated by the example of B radiative decays ( b → sγ ). Second lecture: We then turn our attention to CP-violation. We start by presenting neutral meson mixing. Then we consider various CP-asymmetries, culminating in the theoretically clean interference between mixing and decay into CP eigenstates.
CP asymmetries in semiinclusive B0 decays
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dunietz, Isard
1999-02-01
It was recently pointed out that inclusive B^0(t) decays could show CP violation. The totally inclusive asymmetry is expected to be tiny [O(10^{-3})] because of large cancellations among the asymmetries in the charmless, single charm and double charm final states. Enriching particular final state configurations could significantly increase the CP-asymmetry and observability. Such studies can extract fundamental CKM (Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa) parameters, and (perhaps) even Delta m(B_s). A superb vertex detector could see CP violation with 10^5 (10^6) flavor-tagged B_s (B_d) mesons within the CKM model. Because the effects could be significantly larger due to new physics, they should be searched for in existing or soon available data samples.
Quantum Dissipation and CP Violation in MINOS
de Oliveira, R L N; de Holanda, P C
2014-01-01
We use the open quantum systems framework to analyze the MINOS data and perform this analysis considering two different dissipative models. In the first model, the dissipative parameter describes decoherence effect and in the second, the dissipative parameter describes other dissipative effects including decoherence. With the second model it is possible to study CP violation since we consider Majorana neutrinos. The analysis from the muon neutrino and antineutrino beam assigns different values to all the parameters of the models, but consistent with each other. Assuming that neutrinos are equivalent to antineutrinos, the global analysis presents nonvanishing Majorana CP phase depending on the energetic parameterization of the dissipative parameter.
Calculable Cosmological CP Violation and Resonant Leptogenesis
Achelashvili, Avtandil
2016-01-01
Within the extension of MSSM by two right handed neutrinos, which masses are degenerate at tree level, we address the issue of leptogenesis. Investigating the quantum corrections in details, we show that the lepton asymmetry is induced at 1-loop level and decisive role is played by the tau lepton Yukawa coupling. On a concrete and predictive neutrino model, which enables to predict the CP violating $\\delta $ phase and relate it to the cosmological CP asymmetry, we demonstrate that the needed amount of the baryon asymmetry is generated via the resonant leptogenesis.
Finite temperature effects on CP violating asymmetries
Covi, L; Roulet, Esteban; Vissani, F; Covi, Laura; Rius, Nuria; Roulet, Esteban; Vissani, Francesco
1998-01-01
We compute the CP violating decay asymmetries relevant for baryogenesis scenarios involving the out of equilibrium decays of heavy particles, including the finite temperature effects arising from the background of light thermal particles which are present during the decay epoch. Thermal effects can modify the size of CP violation by a sizeable fraction in the decay of scalar particles, but we find interesting cancellations in the thermal corrections affecting the asymmetries in the decays of fermions, as well as in the decay of scalars in supersymmetric theories. We also estimate the effects which arise from the motion of the decaying particles with respect to the background plasma.
Perturbative Higgs CP violation, unitarity and phenomenology
Englert, Christoph; Sakurai, Kazuki; Spannowsky, Michael
2016-01-01
Perturbative probability conservation provides a strong constraint on the presence of new interactions of the Higgs boson. In this work we consider CP violating Higgs interactions in conjunction with unitarity constraints in the gauge-Higgs and fermion-Higgs sectors. Injecting signal strength measurements of the recently discovered Higgs boson allows us to make concrete and correlated predictions of how CP-violation in the Higgs sector can be directly constrained through collider searches for either characteristic new states or tell-tale enhancements in multi-Higgs processes.
Probing CP violation systematically in differential distributions
Durieux, Gauthier
2015-01-01
We revisit the topic of triple-product asymmetries which probe CP violation through differential distributions. We construct distributions with well-defined discrete symmetry properties and characterize the asymmetries formed upon them. It is stressed that the simplest asymmetries may not be optimal. We explore systematic generalizations having limited reliance on the process dynamics and phase-space parametrization. They exploit larger fractions of the information contained in differential distributions and may lead to increased sensitivities to CP violation. Our detailed treatment of the case of spinless four-body decays paves the way for further experimental studies.
Direct CP violation in neutral kaon decays
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Wojciech Wiślicki
2004-03-01
The final result of the NA48 experiment is presented and performed at the CERN SPS neutral kaon beams, on the direct CP violation parameter Re$('/)$, as measured from the decay rates of neutral kaons into two pions. The data collected in the years 1997-2001 yield the evidence for the direct CP violation with Re$('/)=(14.7± 2.2)× 10^{-4}$. Description of experimental method and systematics, comparison with the corresponding FNAL result and discussion of some implications for the theory are given.
Karbach, Julia; Neumann, Antje; Wahle, Claudia; Brand, Kathrin; Gnjatic, Sacha; Jäger, Elke
2012-09-01
The synthetic oligodeoxynucleotide CpG 7909, which contains unmethylated cytosine/guanine (CpG) motifs, has potent immunostimulatory effects when coadministered with NY-ESO-1 peptides or recombinant NY-ESO-1 protein, resulting in an enhanced cellular and humoral immune response against the vaccine antigen. In this study, we report the development of anti-CpG-ODN antibodies in 21 of 37 patients who received CpG 7909 either alone or as a vaccine adjuvant. Specific anti-CpG immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody titers ranged from 1:400 to 1:100,000. The anti-CpG antibodies cross-reacted with other synthetic CpG-ODNs but not with the DNA of mixed bacterial vaccine and were shown to be phosphorothioate backbone specific. Vaccine-related severe side effects observed in some patients were most likely not related to the development of anti-CpG antibodies. In addition, anti-CpG antibodies did not have negative effects on the vaccine immune response. These results show that anti-CpG antibodies develop in humans against short unmethylated CpG dinucleotide sequences after administration of CpG 7909. Our data therefore substantiate the potency of CpG 7909 to directly stimulate human B-cells and suggest that anti-CpG antibody monitoring should be a part of ongoing and planned clinical trials with CpG-ODNs.
CP-Recursion in Danish: A cP/CP-Analysis
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nyvad, Anne Mette; Christensen, Ken Ramshøj; Vikner, Sten
2017-01-01
Based on data from extraction, embedded V2, and complementizer stacking, this paper proposes a cP/CP-analysis of CP-recursion in Danish. Because extraction can be shown to be possible from relative clauses, wh-islands, and adverbial clauses, and given that long extraction is successive......-cyclic, an extra specifier position has to be available as an escape hatch. Consequently, such extractions require a CP-recursion analysis, as has been argued for embedded V2 and for complementizer stacking. Given that CP-recursion in embedded V2 clauses does not allow extraction, whereas other types of CP......-recursion do, we suggest that embedded V2 is fundamentally different, in that main clause V2 and embedded V2 involve a CP (“big CP”), whereas all other clausal projections above IP are instances of cP (“little cP”). The topmost “little” c° has an occurrence feature that enables extraction but bars spell...
Panofsky Prize Talk: Measurements of Direct CP Violation in the Decays of Neutral Kaons at Fermilab
Winstein, Bruce
2007-04-01
For many years after its discovery, CP Violation appeared to be a phenomenon isolated from the rest of physics. The first goal was to see if tCP violation was due to a ``superweak'' interaction in neutral kaon mixing (``indirect'' CP violation) or if there were a ``direct'' effect which would be manifest in the kaon decays themselves. For years, it seemed to be an interaction of the former kind, one that might not have any additional manifestations. A few years after the discovery, Sakharov realized that CP Violation in the very early Universe, in particular direct CP Violation, could lead to the matter-antimatter imbalance. A key development was the Kobayashi-Maskawa model which provided a framework in which to think about the problem, connecting it to quark mixing. This motivated a series of 2nd, 3rd, and 4th generation experiments to isolate the predicted direct effect. This talk will review how the problem was addressed in 3 Fermilab- based experiments spanning a 20 year period which culminated in a definitive detection of the effect by KTeV. The motivation and technical approaches to isolate this tiny effect with good control of systematic uncertainty will be reviewed together with the results and future prospects.
Unity of CP and T Violation in Neutrino Oscillations
Blom, Martin; Blom, Martin; Minakata, Hisakazu
2004-01-01
In a previous work a simultaneous P- CP[P] and P- T[P] bi-probability plot was proposed as a useful tool for unified graphical description of CP and T violation in neutrino oscillation. The ``baseball diamond'' structure of the plot is understood as a consequence of the approximate CP-CP and the T-CP relations obeyed by the oscillation probabilities. In this paper, we make a step forward toward deeper understanding of the unified graphical representation by showing that these two relations are identical in its content, suggesting a truly unifying view of CP and T violation in neutrino oscillations. We suspect that the unity reflects the underlying CPT theorem. We also present calculation of corrections to the CP-CP and the T-CP relations to leading order in Delta m^2_{21} / Delta m^2_{31} and s^2_{13}.
Clinical practice: swallowing problems in cerebral palsy.
Erasmus, Corrie E; van Hulst, Karen; Rotteveel, Jan J; Willemsen, Michel A A P; Jongerius, Peter H
2012-03-01
Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common physical disability in early childhood. The worldwide prevalence of CP is approximately 2-2.5 per 1,000 live births. It has been clinically defined as a group of motor, cognitive, and perceptive impairments secondary to a non-progressive defect or lesion of the developing brain. Children with CP can have swallowing problems with severe drooling as one of the consequences. Malnutrition and recurrent aspiration pneumonia can increase the risk of morbidity and mortality. Early attention should be given to dysphagia and excessive drooling and their substantial contribution to the burden of a child with CP and his/her family. This review displays the important functional and anatomical issues related to swallowing problems in children with CP based on relevant literature and expert opinion. Furthermore, based on our experience, we describe a plan for approach of investigation and treatment of swallowing problems in cerebral palsy.
CP-nets的可满足性及一致性研究%On the Satisfiability and Consistency for CP-nets
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
孙雪姣; 刘惊雷
2012-01-01
An improved multi-robots cooperative online FastSLAM algorithm based on auxiliary measurements is proposed for the key problems of FastSLAM 1. 0 and 2. 0. In FastSLAM 1. 0, the cumulated errors are presented for the uncertain localization of the robot itself without measurements. Although FastSLAM 2. 0 takes the measurements into account, additional computational complexity is introduced. In the proposed algorithm, two robots are required. The leader robot is responsible for accomplishing the task of SLAM, and the auxiliary robot is responsible for providing the leader robot with static relative measurements. The method of cooperative auxiliary measurement provides the SLAM executor with more accurate localization information in FastSLAM 1. 0 and avoids the additional computational complexity in FastSLAM 2. 0. Experimental results show that the algorithm can achieve higher accuracy and feasibility. Moreover, the method is of high practical value.%CP-nets是一种简单而又直观的图形化偏好表示工具,成为近几年人工智能的一个研究热点,然而对于CP-nets的可满足性和一致性等相关性质的研究还很欠缺.既没有给出严格的定义,也没有探讨不同性质之间的联系,没有一个求可满足性序列的通用算法.从研究CP-nets的可满足性和一致性的关系着手,得出了任意结构二值CP-nets的可满足性判定算法及可满足性序列生成算法.首先通过构造CP-nets导出图及其性质的研究,得出CP-nets的可满足性及一致性的相关定理.再把不同性质结合起来分析,给出CP-nets可满足性等价于一致性的结论,从而利用拓扑排序的思想实现了任意结构二值CP-nets的可满足性序列的生成.强化和扩充了Boutilier所提出的一些概念,深化了CP-nets的基础理论研究.
Ahmad, Abdelmonim Ali; Ogawa, Megumi; Kawasaki, Takeru; Fujie, Makoto; Yamada, Takashi
2014-01-01
The strains of Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri, the causative agent of citrus canker, are historically classified based on bacteriophage (phage) sensitivity. Nearly all X. axonopodis pv. citri strains isolated from different regions in Japan are lysed by either phage Cp1 or Cp2; Cp1-sensitive (Cp1(s)) strains have been observed to be resistant to Cp2 (Cp2(r)) and vice versa. In this study, genomic and molecular characterization was performed for the typing agents Cp1 and Cp2. Morphologically, Cp1 belongs to the Siphoviridae. Genomic analysis revealed that its genome comprises 43,870-bp double-stranded DNA (dsDNA), with 10-bp 3'-extruding cohesive ends, and contains 48 open reading frames. The genomic organization was similar to that of Xanthomonas phage phiL7, but it lacked a group I intron in the DNA polymerase gene. Cp2 resembles morphologically Escherichia coli T7-like phages of Podoviridae. The 42,963-bp linear dsDNA genome of Cp2 contained terminal repeats. The Cp2 genomic sequence has 40 open reading frames, many of which did not show detectable homologs in the current databases. By proteomic analysis, a gene cluster encoding structural proteins corresponding to the class III module of T7-like phages was identified on the Cp2 genome. Therefore, Cp1 and Cp2 were found to belong to completely different virus groups. In addition, we found that Cp1 and Cp2 use different molecules on the host cell surface as phage receptors and that host selection of X. axonopodis pv. citri strains by Cp1 and Cp2 is not determined at the initial stage by binding to receptors.
CP and charge asymmetries at CDF
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Morello, Michael; /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa
2007-11-01
We present CDF results on the branching fractions and time-integrated direct CP asymmetries for B0 and B0s decay modes into pairs of charmless charged hadrons (pions or kaons). We report also the first observation of B0s->DsK mode and the measurement of its branching fraction.
CP Violation, Neutral Currents, and Weak Equivalence
Fitch, V. L.
1972-03-23
Within the past few months two excellent summaries of the state of our knowledge of the weak interactions have been presented. Correspondingly, we will not attempt a comprehensive review but instead concentrate this discussion on the status of CP violation, the question of the neutral currents, and the weak equivalence principle.
CP and charge asymmetries at CDF
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Morello, Michael; /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa
2007-11-01
We present CDF results on the branching fractions and time-integrated direct CP asymmetries for B0 and B0s decay modes into pairs of charmless charged hadrons (pions or kaons). We report also the first observation of B0s->DsK mode and the measurement of its branching fraction.
CP violation: Dalitz interference, CPT and FSI
Nogueira, J H Alvarenga; Cavalcante, A B R; Frederico, T; Lourenço, O
2015-01-01
Resonances and final state interactions (FSI) play a role in the formation of CP violation (CPV) constrained by CPT invariance. We provide a general formulation of CPV including resonances and FSI starting from the CPT constraint. Our discussion is elaborated within a simple $B$ decay model with the $\\rho$ and $f_0(980)$ resonances plus a non resonant background including the $\\pi\\pi \\to KK$ coupled amplitude. We consider few illustrative examples to show the interference patterns appearing in the CP asymmetry, namely, that from the $\\rho$ resonance plus a non-resonant amplitude, and that from the interference of the $\\rho$ and $f_0(980)$ resonances. We perform the fit of the CP asymmetry for the charmless three-body $B^\\pm$ decay channel $B^{\\pm}\\to \\pi^{\\pm} \\pi^+\\pi^-$ and obtain as outcome the $B^{\\pm}\\to \\pi^{\\pm} K^+K^-$ for $\\pi\\pi$ channel asymmetry in the mass region below $1.6$~GeV in fair agreement with the new data LHCb data. Analogously, we also describe the CP asymmetry of the $B^\\pm\\to K^\\pm\\pi...
SPONTANEOUS CP VIOLATION AND QUARK MASS AMBIGUITIES.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
CREUTZ,M.
2004-09-21
I explore the regions of quark masses where CP will be spontaneously broken in the strong interactions. The boundaries of these regions are controlled by the chiral anomaly, which manifests itself in ambiguities in the definition of non-degenerate quark masses. In particular, the concept of a single massless quark is ill defined.
Sigma Decomposition: The CP-Odd Lagrangian
Hierro, I M; Rigolin, and S
2015-01-01
In Alonso et al., JHEP 12 (2014) 034, the CP-even sector of the effective chiral Lagrangian for a generic composite Higgs model with a symmetric coset has been constructed, up to four momenta. In this paper, the CP-odd couplings are studied within the same context. If only the Standard Model bosonic sources of custodial symmetry breaking are considered, then at most six independent operators form a basis. One of them is the weak-$\\theta$ term linked to non-perturbative sources of CP viola- tion, while the others describe CP-odd perturbative couplings between the Standard Model gauge bosons and an Higgs-like scalar belonging to the Goldstone boson sector. The procedure is then applied to three distinct exemplifying frameworks: the original $SU(5)/SO(5)$ Georgi-Kaplan model, the minimal custodial-preserving $SO(5)/SO(4)$ model and the minimal $SU(3)/(SU(2)\\times U(1))$ model, which intrinsically breaks cus- todial symmetry. Moreover, the projection of the high-energy electroweak effective theory to the low-ener...
Sigma decomposition: the CP-odd Lagrangian
Hierro, I. M.; Merlo, L.; Rigolin, S.
2016-04-01
In Alonso et al., JHEP 12 (2014) 034, the CP-even sector of the effective chiral Lagrangian for a generic composite Higgs model with a symmetric coset has been constructed, up to four momenta. In this paper, the CP-odd couplings are studied within the same context. If only the Standard Model bosonic sources of custodial symmetry breaking are considered, then at most six independent operators form a basis. One of them is the weak- θ term linked to non-perturbative sources of CP violation, while the others describe CP-odd perturbative couplings between the Standard Model gauge bosons and an Higgs-like scalar belonging to the Goldstone boson sector. The procedure is then applied to three distinct exemplifying frameworks: the original SU(5)/SO(5) Georgi-Kaplan model, the minimal custodial-preserving SO(5)/SO(4) model and the minimal SU(3)/(SU(2) × U(1)) model, which intrinsically breaks custodial symmetry. Moreover, the projection of the high-energy electroweak effective theory to the low-energy chiral effective Lagrangian for a dynamical Higgs is performed, uncovering strong relations between the operator coefficients and pinpointing the differences with the elementary Higgs scenario.
Hjj production: Signals and CP measurements
Klamke, Gunnar
2007-01-01
Higgs boson production in association with two tagging jets will be mediated by electroweak vector boson fusion and by gluon fusion. For the gluon fusion process, analysis of the azimuthal angle correlations of the two jets provides for a direct measurement of the CP-nature of the $Htt$ Yukawa coupling which is responsible for the effective $Hgg$ vertex.
Search for CP Violation in Positronium Decay
Bartram, Chelsea
2014-09-01
We present a new experiment to search for CP violation in the charged lepton sector by studying positronium decays. Positronium, a bound state of an electron and positron, occurs in both a singlet and triplet state. The triplet state, orthopositronium, decays primarily into three photons. Our experiment searches for CP-violating correlations between the directions of the three gamma-rays using the APEX annular array of NaI detectors, combined with a tagged source. This array will increase the angular acceptance by a factor 25 over previous experiments. We will present the current status of the experiment and a projected sensitivity. We present a new experiment to search for CP violation in the charged lepton sector by studying positronium decays. Positronium, a bound state of an electron and positron, occurs in both a singlet and triplet state. The triplet state, orthopositronium, decays primarily into three photons. Our experiment searches for CP-violating correlations between the directions of the three gamma-rays using the APEX annular array of NaI detectors, combined with a tagged source. This array will increase the angular acceptance by a factor 25 over previous experiments. We will present the current status of the experiment and a projected sensitivity. UNC and TUNL.
The CP-asymmetry in resonant leptogenesis
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Anisimov, A. [Institut de Theorie des Phenomenes Physiques, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Broncano, A. [Max Planck Institute for Physics, Foehringer Ring 6, D-80805 Munich (Germany); Pluemacher, M. [Max Planck Institute for Physics, Foehringer Ring 6, D-80805 Munich (Germany)]. E-mail: pluemi@mppmu.mpg.de
2006-03-06
We study the resonantly enhanced CP-asymmetry in the decays of nearly mass-degenerate heavy right-handed Majorana neutrinos for which different formulae have been presented in the literature, depending on the method used to calculate it. We consider two different techniques and show that they lead to the same result, thereby reconciling the different approaches.
The CP-asymmetry in resonant leptogenesis
Anisimov, A; Plümacher, M
2006-01-01
We study the resonantly enhanced CP-asymmetry in the decays of nearly mass-degenerate heavy right-handed Majorana neutrinos for which different formulae have been presented in the literature, depending on the method used to calculate it. We consider two different techniques and show that they lead to the same result, thereby reconciling the different approaches.
Charm mixing and $CP$ violation at LHCb
Pearce, Alex
2016-01-01
LHCb collected the world's largest sample of open charm decays during Run 1 of the Large Hadron Collider. This has permitted many precision measurements of charm mixing and $CP$ violation parameters, the most precise of which being $\\Delta A_{CP}$, a measurement of the relative strength of direct, time-integrated $CP$ asymmetries between two singly-Cabibbo suppressed $D^{0}$ decays. This measurement has recently been updated using promptly-produced $D^{0}$ mesons with the full Run 1 dataset, and has a precision below the per mille level. In addition, LHCb has recently made the first observation of $D^{0}$ mixing in a multi-body $D^{0}$ decay, also measuring associated coherence parameters which can be used as input to measurements of the CKM angle $\\gamma$. LHCb has also measured the mixing parameters $x$ and $y$ with a model-independent analysis of $D^{0} \\to K_{S}^{0}\\pi^{+}\\pi^{-}$ decays, and the size of direct $CP$ violation in $D^{0} \\to K_{S}^{0}K_{S}^{0}$ decays. These four analyses will be presen...
CP-Conservation in QCD and why only "invisible" Axions work
Kim, Jihn E
2016-01-01
Among solutions of the strong CP problem, the "invisible" axion in the narrow axion window is argued to be the remaining possibility among natural solutions on the smallness of $\\bar{\\theta}$. Related to the gravity spoil of global symmetries, some prospective invisible axions from theory point of view are discussed. In all these discussions, including the observational possibility, cosmological constraints must be included.
Basis invariant measure of CP-violation and renormalization
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. Hohenegger
2015-10-01
Full Text Available We analyze, in the context of a simple toy model, for which renormalization schemes the CP-properties of bare Lagrangian and its finite part coincide. We show that this is the case for the minimal subtraction and on-shell schemes. The CP-properties of the theory can then be characterized by CP-odd basis invariants expressed in terms of renormalized masses and couplings. For the minimal subtraction scheme we furthermore show that in CP-conserving theories the CP-odd basis invariants are zero at any scale but are not renormalization group invariant in CP-violating ones.
Measurement of CP-violating asymmetries in B0 decays to CP eigenstates.
Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; De Bonis, I; Gaillard, J M; Jeremie, A; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Robbe, P; Tisserand, V; Palano, A; Chen, G P; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Reinertsen, P L; Stugu, B; Abbott, B; Abrams, G S; Borgland, A W; Breon, A B; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Clark, A R; Dardin, S; Day, C; Dow, S F; Elioff, T; Fan, Q; Gaponenko, I; Gill, M S; Goozen, F R; Gowdy, S J; Gritsan, A; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Jared, R C; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J; Karcher, A; Kerth, L T; Kipnis, I; Kluth, S; Kolomensky, Y G; Kral, J F; Lafever, R; LeClerc, C; Levi, M E; Lewis, S A; Lionberger, C; Liu, T; Long, M; Lynch, G; Marino, M; Marks, K; Meyer, A B; Mokhtarani, A; Momayezi, M; Nyman, M; Oddone, P J; Ohnemus, J; Oshatz, D; Patton, S; Perazzo, A; Peters, C; Pope, W; Pripstein, M; Quarrie, D R; Rasson, J E; Roe, N A; Romosan, A; Ronan, M T; Shelkov, V G; Stone, R; Telnov, A V; von der Lippe, H; Weber, T; Wenzel, W A; Zisman, M S; Bright-Thomas, P G; Harrison, T J; Hawkes, C M; Kirk, A; Knowles, D J; O'Neale, S W; Watson, A T; Watson, N K; Deppermann, T; Koch, H; Krug, J; Kunze, M; Lewandowski, B; Peters, K; Schmuecker, H; Steinke, M; Andress, J C; Barlow, N R; Bhimji, W; Chevalier, N; Clark, P J; Cottingham, W N; De Groot, N; Dyce, N; Foster, B; Mass, A; McFall, J D; Wallom, D; Wilson, F F; Abe, K; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Thiessen, D; Camanzi, B; Jolly, S; McKemey, A K; Tinslay, J; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Bukin, D A; Buzykaev, A R; Dubrovin, M S; Golubev, V B; Ivanchenko, V N; Kolachev, G M; Korol, A A; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Salnikov, A A; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Y I; Telnov, V I; Yushkov, A N; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M; McMahon, S; Stoker, D P; Ahsan, A; Buchanan, C; Chun, S; MacFarlane, D B; Prell, S; Rahatlou, S; Raven, G; Sharma, V; Burke, S; Campagnari, C; Dahmes, B; Hale, D; Hart, P A; Kuznetsova, N; Kyre, S; Levy, S L; Long, O; Lu, A; Richman, J D; Verkerke, W; Witherell, M; Yellin, S; Beringer, J; Dorfan, D E; Eisner, A M; Frey, A; Grillo, A A; Grothe, M; Heusch, C A; Johnson, R P; Kroeger, W; Lockman, W S; Pulliam, T; Sadrozinski, H; Schalk, T; Schmitz, R E; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spencer, E N; Turri, M; Walkowiak, W; Williams, D C; Chen, E; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dvoretskii, A; Hanson, J E; Hitlin, D G; Metzler, S; Oyang, J; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Weaver, M; Yang, S; Zhu, R Y; Devmal, S; Geld, T L; Jayatilleke, S; Jayatilleke, S M; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Bloom, P; Fahey, S; Ford, W T; Gaede, F; van Hoek, W C; Johnson, D R; Michael, A K; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Park, H; Rankin, P; Roy, J; Sen, S; Smith, J G; Wagner, D L; Blouw, J; Harton, J L; Krishnamurthy, M; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Warner, D W; Wilson, R J; Zhang, J; Brandt, T; Brose, J; Colberg, T; Dahlinger, G; Dickopp, M; Dubitzky, R S; Eckstein, P; Futterschneider, H; Krause, R; Maly, E; Müller-Pfefferkorn, R; Otto, S; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Spaan, B; Wilden, L; Behr, L; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Brochard, F; Cohen-Tanugi, J; Ferrag, S; Fouque, G; Gastaldi, F; Matricon, P; Mora de Freitas, P; Renard, C; Roussot, E; T'Jampens, S; Thiebaux, C; Vasileiadis, G; Verderi, M; Anjomshoaa, A; Bernet, R; Di Lodovico, F; Khan, A; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Swain, J E; Falbo, M; Bozzi, C; Dittongo, S; Folegani, M; Piemontese, L; Treadwell, E; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Falciai, D; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Xie, Y; Zallo, A; Bagnasco, S; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Crosetti, G; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M; Monge, M R; Pallavicini, M; Passaggio, S; Pastore, F C; Patrignani, C; Pia, M G; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Morii, M; Bartoldus, R; Dignan, T; Hamilton, R; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Fischer, P A; Lamsa, J; McKay, R; Meyer, W T; Rosenberg, E I; Albert, J N; Beigbeder, C; Benkebil, M; Breton, D; Cizeron, R; Du, S; Grosdidier, G; Hast, C; Höcker, A; LePeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Plaszczynski, S; Schune, M H; Trincaz-Duvoid, S; Truong, K; Valassi, A; Wormser, G; Bionta, R M; Brigljević, V; Brooks, A; Fackler, O; Fujino, D; Lange, D J; Mugge, M; O'Connor, T G; Pedrotti, B; Shi, X; van Bibber, K; Wenaus, T J; Wright, D M; Wuest, C R; Yamamoto, B; Carroll, M; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; George, M; Kay, M; Payne, D J; Sloane, R J; Touramanis, C; Aspinwall, M L; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Eschrich, I; Gunawardane, N J; Martin, R; Nash, J A; Price, D R; Sanders, P; Smith, D; Azzopardi, D E; Back, J J; Dixon, P; Harrison, P F; Newman-Coburn, D; Potter, R J; Shorthouse, H W; Strother, P; Vidal, P B; Williams, M I; Cowan, G; George, S; Green, M G; Kurup, A; Marker, C E; McGrath, P; McMahon, T R; Salvatore, F; Scott, I; Vaitsas, G; Brown, D; Davis, C L; Ford, K; Li, Y; Pavlovich, J; Allison, J; Barlow, R J; Boyd, J T; Fullwood, J; Jackson, F; Lafferty, G D; Savvas, N
2001-03-19
We present measurements of time-dependent CP-violating asymmetries in neutral B decays to several CP eigenstates. The measurement uses a data sample of 23x10(6) Upsilon(4S)-->BbarB decays collected by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric B Factory at SLAC. In this sample, we find events in which one neutral B meson is fully reconstructed in a CP eigenstate containing charmonium and the flavor of the other neutral B meson is determined from its decay products. The amplitude of the CP-violating asymmetry, which in the standard model is proportional to sin2beta, is derived from the decay time distributions in such events. The result is sin2beta = 0.34+/-0.20 (stat)+/-0.05 (syst).
Measurement of CP-violating asymmetries in B0 decays to CP eigenstates
Aubert, Bernard; De Bonis, I; Gaillard, Jean-Marc; Jérémie, A; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Robbe, P; Tisserand, V; Palano, A; Chen, G P; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Reinertsen, P L; Stugu, B; Abbott, B; Abrams, G S; Borgland, A W; Breon, A B; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Clark, A R; Dardin, S; Day, C; Dow, S F; Elioff, T; Fan, Q; Gaponenko, I A; Gill, M S; Goozen, F R; Gowdy, S J; Gritsan, A; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Jared, R C; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J; Karcher, A; Kerth, L T; Kipnis, I; Kluth, S; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kral, J F; Lafever, R; Le Clerc, C; Levi, M E; Lewis, S A; Lionberger, C A; Liu, T; Long, M; Lynch, G; Marino, M; Marks, K; Matuk, C A; Meyer, A B; Mokhtarani, A; Momayezi, M; Nyman, M A; Oddone, P J; Ohnemus, J; Oshatz, D; Patton, S; Perazzo, A; Peters, C; Pope, W; Pripstein, M; Quarrie, D R; Rasson, J E; Roe, N A; Romosan, A; Ronan, Michael T; Shelkov, V G; Stone, R; Telnov, A V; Weber, T; Wenzel, W A; Zisman, M S; Bright-Thomas, P G; Harrison, T J; Hawkes, C M; Kirk, A; Knowles, D J; O'Neale, S W; Watson, A T; Watson, N K; Deppermann, T; Koch, H; Krug, J; Kunze, M; Lewandowski, B; Peters, K; Schmücker, H; Steinke, M; Andress, J C; Barlow, N R; Bhimji, W; Chevalier, N; Clark, P J; Cottingham, W N; De, N; De Groot, J G H; Dyce, N; Foster, B; Mass, A; McFall, J D; Wallom, D; Wilson, F F; Abe, K; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Thiessen, D; Camanzi, B; Jolly, S; McKemey, A K; Tinslay, J; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Bukin, D A; Buzykaev, A R; Dubrovin, M S; Golubev, V B; Ivanchenko, V N; Kolachev, G M; Korol, A A; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Salnikov, A A; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Telnov, V I; Yushkov, A N; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M A; McMahon, S; Stoker, D P; Ahsan, A; Buchanan, C; Chun, S; Branson, J G; MacFarlane, D B; Prell, S; Rahatlou, S; Raven, G; Sharma, V; Burke, S; Campagnari, C; Dahmes, B; Hale, D; Hart, P A; Kuznetsova, N; Kyre, S; Levy, S L; Long, O; Lu, A; Richman, J D; Verkerke, W; Witherell, M; Yellin, S; Beringer, J; Dorfan, D E; Eisner, A M; Frey, A; Grillo, A A; Grothe, M; Heusch, C A; Johnson, R P; Kröger, W; Lockman, W S; Pulliam, T; Sadrozinski, H F W; Schalk, T L; Schmitz, R E; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spencer, E N; Turri, M; Walkowiak, W; Williams, D C; Chen, E; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dvoretskii, A; Hanson, J E; Hitlin, D G; Metzler, S; Oyang, J; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Weaver, M; Yang, S; Zhu, R Y; Devmal, S C; Geld, T L; Jayatilleke, S M; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Bloom, P; Fahey, S; Ford, W T; Gaede, F; Van Hoek, W C; Johnson, D R; Michael, A K; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Park, H; Rankin, P; Roy, J; Sen, S; Smith, J G; Wagner, D L; Blouw, J; Harton, J L; Krishnamurthy, M; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Warner, D W; Wilson, R J; Zhang, J; Brandt, T; Brose, J; Colberg, T; Dahlinger, G; Dickopp, M; Dubitzky, R S; Eckstein, P; Futterschneider, H; Krause, R; Maly, E; Müller-Pfefferkorn, R; Otto, S; Schubert, Klaus R; Schwierz, R; Spaan, B; Wilden, L; Behr, L; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Brochard, F; Cohen-Tanugi, J; Ferrag, S; Fouque, G; Gastaldi, F; Matricon, P; Mora de Freitas, P; Renard, C; Roussot, E; T'Jampens, S; Thiebaux, C; Vasileiadis, G; Verderi, M; Anjomshoaa, A; Bernet, R; Di Lodovico, F; Khan, A; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Swain, J E; Falbo, M; Bozzi, C; Dittongo, S; Folegani, M; Piemontese, L; Treadwell, E; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Falciai, D; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Xie, Y; Zallo, A; Bagnasco, S; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Crosetti, G; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M; Monge, M R; Pallavicini, M; Passaggio, S; Pastore, F C; Patrignani, C; Pia, M G; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Morii, M; Bartoldus, R; Dignan, T; Hamilton, R; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Fischer, P A; Lamsa, J; McKay, R; Meyer, W T; Rosenberg, E I; Albert, J N; Beigbeder-Beau, C; Benkebil, M; Breton, D; Cizeron, R; Du, S; Grosdidier, G; Hast, C; Höcker, A; Le Peltier, V; Lutz, A M; Plaszczynski, S; Schune, M H; Trincaz-Duvoid, S; Truong, K D; Valassi, Andrea; Wormser, G; Bionta, R M; Brigljevic, V; Brooks, A; Fackler, O; Fujino, D; Lange, D J; Mugge, M; O'Connor, T G; Pedrotti, B; Shi, X; Van Bibber, K; Wenaus, T J; Wright, D M; Wuest, C R; Yamamoto, B; Carroll, M; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, Erwin; Gamet, R; George, M; Kay, M; Payne, D J; Sloane, R J; Touramanis, C; Aspinwall, M L; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Eschrich, I; Gunawardane, N J W; Martin, R; Nash, J A; Price, D R; Sanders, P; Smith, D; Azzopardi, D E; Back, J J; Dixon, P; Harrison, P F; Newman-Coburn, D; Potter, R J L; Shorthouse, H W; Strother, P; Vidal, P B; Williams, M I; Cowan, G; George, S; Green, M G; Kurup, A; Marker, C E; McGrath, P; McMahon, T R; Salvatore, F; Scott, I; Vaitsas, G; Brown, D; Davis, C L; Ford, K; Li, Y; Pavlovich, J; Allison, J; Barlow, R J; Boyd, J T; Fullwood, J; Jackson, F; Lafferty, G D; Savvas, N; Simopoulos, E T; Thompson, R J; Weatherall, J H; Bard, R L; Farbin, A; Jawahery, A; Lillard, V; Olsen, J; Roberts, D A; Schieck, J; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Flood, K T; Hertzbach, S S; Kofler, R; Lin, C S; Stängle, H; Willocq, S; Wittlin, J; Brau, B; Cowan, R; Sciolla, G; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Britton, D I; Milek, M; Patel, P M; Trischuk, J; Lanni, F; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Booke, M; Cremaldi, L M; Eschenburg, V; Kroeger, R; Reep, M; Reidy, J; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Beaulieu, M; Martin, J P; Nief, J Y; Seitz, R; Taras, P; Zacek, V; Nicholson, H; Sutton, C S; Cavallo, N; Cartaro, C; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; LoSecco, J M; Alsmiller, J R G; Gabriel, T A; Handler, T; Heck, J M; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Iwasaki, M; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Colecchia, F; Dal, F; Corso; Galeazzi, F; Martino, M; Marzolla, M; Michelon, G; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Torassa, E; Voci, C; Bailly, P; Benayoun, M; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; David, P; La Vaissière, C de; Del Buono, L; Genat, J F; Hamon, O; Le Diberder, F R; Lebbolo, H; Leruste, P; Lory, J; Martin, L; Roos, L; Stark, J; Versille, S; Zhang, B; Manfredi, P F; Ratti, L; Re, V; Speziali, V; Frank, E D; Gladney, L; Guo, Q H; Panetta, J H; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bondioli, M; Bosi, F; Carpinelli, M; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Martínez-Vidal, F; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rama, M; Rizzo, G; Sandrelli, F; Simi, G; Triggiani, G; Walsh, J; Haire, M J; Judd, D; Paick, K; Turnbull, L; Wagoner, D E; Albert, J; Bula, C; Fernholz, R; Lü, C; McDonald, K T; Miftakov, V; Sands, B; Schaffner, S F; Smith, A J S; Tumanov, A; Varnes, E W; Bronzini, F; Buccheri, A; Bulfon, C; Cavoto, G; Del Re, D; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Fratini, K; Lamanna, E; Leonardi, E; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Safai-Tehrani, F; Serra, M; Voena, C; Waldi, R; Jacques, P F; Kalelkar, M; Plano, R J; Adye, T; Claxton, B; Franek, B J; Galagedera, S B; Geddes, N I; Gopal, Gian P; Lidbury, J A; Xella, S M; Aleksan, Roy; Besson, P; Bourgeois, P; De Domenico, G; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Gosset, L G; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, Witold; Langer, M; London, G W; Mayer, B; Serfass, B; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Copty, N K; Purohit, M V; Singh, H; Yumiceva, F X; Adam, I; Anthony, P L; Aston, D; Baird, K G; Bartelt, J; Becla, J; Bell, R; Bloom, Elliott D; Boeheim, C T; Boyarski, A M; Boyce, R F; Bulos, F; Burgess, W; Byers, B; Calderini, G; Claus, R; Convery, M R; Coombes, R; Cottrell, L; Coupal, D P; Coward, D H; Craddock, W W; De Staebler, H C; Dorfan, J; Doser, Michael; Dunwoodie, W M; Ecklund, S; Fieguth, T H; Field, R C; Freytag, D R; Glanzman, T; Godfrey, G L; Grosso, P; Haller, G; Hanushevsky, A; Harris, J; Hasan, A; Hewett, J L; Himel, Thomas M; Huffer, M E; Innes, W R; Jessop, C P; Kawahara, H; Keller, L; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Klaisner, L A; Kocian, M L; Krebs, H J; Kunz, P F; Langenegger, U; Langeveld, W; Leith, D W G S; Louie, S K; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; MacDonald, J; Manzin, G; Marsiske, H; McCulloch, M; McShurley, D; Menke, S; Messner, R; Metcalfe, S; Moffeit, K C; Mount, R; Müller, D R; Nelson, D; Nordby, M E; O'Grady, C P; O'Neill, F G; Oxoby, G; Pavel, T; Perl, J; Petrak, S; Putallaz, G; Quinn, Helen R; Raines, P E; Ratcliff, B N; Reif, R; Robertson, S H; Rochester, L S; Roodman, A; Russell, J J; Sapozhnikov, L; Saxon, O H; Schietinger, T; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Seeman, J T; Serbo, V V; Skarpaas, K V; Snyder, A; Soha, A; Spanier, S M; Stahl, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Talby, M; Tanaka, H A; Vavra, J; Wagner, S R; Weinstein, A J; White, J L; Wienands, U; Wisniewski, W J; Young, C C; Zioulas, G; Burchat, Patricia R; Cheng, C H; Kirkby, D; Meyer, T I; Roat, C; De Silva, A; Henderson, R; Berridge, S; Bugg, W; Cohn, H; Hart, E; Weidemann, A W; Benninger, T; Izen, J M; Kitayama, I; Lou, X C; Turcotte, M; Bianchi, F; Bóna, M; Di Girolamo, B; Gamba, D; Smol, A V; Zanin, D; Bosisio, L; Della Ricca, G; Lanceri, L; Pompili, A; Poropat, P; Vuagnin, G; Panvini, R S; Brown, C M; Kowalewski, R V; Roney, J M; Band, H R; Charles, E; Dasu, S; Elmer, P; Hu, H; Johnson, J R; Nielsen, J; Orejudos, W; Pan, Y; Prepost, R; Scott, I J; Wimmersperg-Toeller; Wu Sau Lan; Yu, Z; Zobernig, H; Kordich, T M B; Moore, T B; Neal, H
2001-01-01
We present measurements of time-dependent CP-violating asymmetries in neutral B decays to several CP eigenstates. The measurement uses a data sample of 23 million Upsilon(4S)-->B-anti-B decays collected by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric B Factory at SLAC. In this sample, we find events where one neutral B meson is fully reconstructed in a CP eigenstate containing charmonium and the flavor of the other neutral B meson is determined from its decay products. The amplitude of the CP-violating asymmetry, which in the Standard Model is proportional to sin2beta, is derived from the decay time distributions in such events. The result is sin2beta=0.34 +/- 0.20 (stat) +/- 0.05 (syst).
Feeding and Gastrointestinal Problems in Children with Cerebral Palsy
Erkin, Gulten; Culha, Canan; Ozel, Sumru; Kirbiyik, Eylem Gulsen
2010-01-01
The aim of our study was to identify feeding and gastrointestinal system (GIS) problems in children with cerebral palsy (CP), and to evaluate the relationship between these problems and the severity of CP. A total of 120 children with CP were enrolled consecutively into the study (67 males, 53 females; mean age: 6.0[plus or minus]2.4 years; range:…
Direct CP Violation in Untagged B-Meson Decays
Gardner, S
2003-01-01
Direct CP violation can exist in untagged, neutral B-meson decays to certain self-conjugate, hadronic final states. As a necessary condition, the resonances which appear therein must permit the identification of distinct, CP-conjugate states -- in analogy to stereochemistry, we term such states ``CP-enantiomers.'' These states permit the construction of CP-even and CP-odd amplitude combinations and of observables sensitive to their interference, which are non-zero if direct CP violation is present. The decay B\\to \\pi+\\pi-\\pi0, containing the distinct CP-conjugate states \\rho+ \\pi- and \\rho- \\pi+, provides one such example of a CP-enantiomeric pair. We illustrate the possibilities in various multi-particle final states.
Models of Neutrino Mass, Mixing and CP Violation
King, Stephen F
2015-01-01
In this topical review we argue that neutrino mass and mixing data motivates extending the Standard Model to include a non-Abelian discrete flavour symmetry in order to accurately predict the large leptonic mixing angles and CP violation. We begin with an overview of the Standard Model puzzles, followed by a description of some classic lepton mixing patterns. Lepton mixing may be regarded as a deviation from tri-bimaximal mixing, with charged lepton corrections leading to solar mixing sum rules, or tri-maximal lepton mixing leading to atmospheric mixing rules. We survey neutrino mass models, using a roadmap based on the open questions in neutrino physics. We then focus on the seesaw mechanism with right-handed neutrinos, where sequential dominance (SD) can account for large lepton mixing angles and CP violation, with precise predictions emerging from constrained SD (CSD). We define the flavour problem and discuss progress towards a theory of flavour using GUTs and discrete family symmetry. We classify models ...
Learning about the CP phase in the next 10 years
Machado, Pedro A N
2015-01-01
We assess the sensitivity to the lepton CP phase by accelerator and reactor experiments in the near future, characterizing it globally by means of the CP exclusion fraction measure. Such measure quantifies what fraction of the $\\delta_{\\rm CP}$ space can be excluded at given input values of $\\theta_{23}$ and $\\delta_{\\rm CP}$. For some region of the parameter space, we find that T2K and NO$\
Zhukovsky, Konstantin
2016-01-01
The exponential parameterization of Pontecorvo-Maki-Nakagawa-Sakata mixing matrix for neutrino is used for comparative analysis of different neutrino mixing data. The UPMNS matrix is considered as the element of the SU(3) group and the second order matrix polynomial is constructed for it. The inverse problem of constructing the logarithm of the mixing matrix is addressed. In this way the standard parameterization is related to the exponential parameterization exactly. The exponential form allows easy factorization and separate analysis of the rotation and the CP violation. With the most recent experimental data on the neutrino mixing (May 2016), we calculate the values of the exponential parameterization matrix for neutrinos with account for the CP violation. The complementarity hypothesis for quarks and neutrinos is demonstrated to hold, despite significant change in the neutrino mixing data. The values of the entries of the exponential mixing matrix are evaluated with account for the actual degree of the CP...
Indirect Violation of CP, T and CPT in the Bd-system
Bañuls, M C
2001-01-01
The problem of indirect violation of discrete symmeties CP, T and CPT in a neutral meson system can be described using two complex parameters epsilon and delta, which are invariant under rephasing of meson and quark fields. For the Bd system, where the width difference between the physical states is negligible, only Re(delta) and Im(epsilon) survive. As a consequence, the traditional observables constructed for kaons, which are based on flavour tag, are not useful for the analogous study in this system. We describe how using a CP tag and studying CP-to-flavour transitions of the B mesons, we may build asymmetries, alternative to those used for the kaon, which enable us to test T and CPT invariances of the effective hamiltonian for the Bd system.
Kurata, Yasushi; Tabata, Yuji; Shinei, Rie; Iizuka, Yumiko; Masuda, Naomi Takei; Kurihara, Ken-ichi; Okonogi, Tsuneo; Hoshiko, Shigeru
2005-05-01
We have isolated PF1092A, B, and C, novel nonsteroidal progesterone ligands with preferential affinity for the progesterone receptor, from fermentation broth of a fungus [Tabata Y, Miike N, Hatsu M, Kurata Y, Yaguchi T, Someya A, Miyadoh S, Hoshiko S, Tsuruoka T, and Omoto S (1997) J Antibiot 50:304-308; Tabata Y, Hatsu M, Kurata Y, Miyajima K, Tani M, Sasaki T, Kodama Y, Tsuruoka T, and Omoto S (1997) J Antibiot 50:309-313]. The original skeleton of PF1092, tetrahydronaphthofuranone, was modified synthetically to produce a new skeleton, tetrahydrobenzindrone, and in the present study, biological activities of two derivatives, CP8816 [(4aR,5R,6R,7R)-6-(N,N-dimethylaminocarbonyl)oxy-7-methoxy-4a,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1,3,4a,5-tetramethylbenz[f]indol-2(4H)-one] and CP8863 [(4aR,5R,6R,7R)-7-hydroxy-6-(N-methylcarbamoyl)oxy-4a,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1,3,4a,5-tetramethylbenz[f]indol-2(4H)-one], were investigated. Both CP8816 and CP8863 demonstrated selective binding to progesterone receptor and partial agonistic activity in a progesterone-dependent endogenous alkaline phosphatase expression assay. In the Clauberg-McPhail test, progestational activity of CP8816 (0.1 mg/kg s.c. or 10 mg/kg p.o.) was comparable to that of progesterone (0.15 mg/kg s.c.), and oral administration of CP8863 at more than 1.0 mg/kg also exerted similar effects. Anti-estrogenic (antiuterotropic) activity was confirmed on daily oral application of more than 0.1 mg/kg CP8863 for 3 days by inhibition of estrogen-dependent uterine wet weight gain in ovariectomized rats. CP8816 also exerted antiuterotropic activity at doses of 10 mg/kg (s.c.) and 100 mg/kg (p.o.). These results indicate that our nonsteroidal progesterone ligands have affinity for the progesterone receptor with partial progestational activity in vitro and clear progestational effects in vivo. Thus, these progesterone receptor modulator profiles suggest that CP8863 and CP8816 are good candidate compounds for treatment of hormone
Poirier, Martine; Déry, Michèle; Temcheff, Caroline E; Toupin, Jean; Verlaan, Pierrette; Lemelin, Jean-Pascal
2016-07-01
Youth with conduct problems (CP) may experience high rates of depressive symptoms (DS). However, little is known about the direction of the longitudinal associations between CP and DS in this specific population. Although girls with CP appear at greater risk than boys for presenting comorbid depression, empirical research on gender differences in these associations is even sparser. The current study used autoregressive latent trajectory models to compare four perspectives with hypotheses regarding the longitudinal associations between CP and DS, while taking into account the evolution of both problems. We also examined gender differences in the longitudinal associations. A total of 345 children (40.6 % female) presenting with a high level of CP in early elementary school (mean age at study inception = 8.52; SD = .94) were evaluated annually over a four-year period (5 measurement time points). The results revealed that CP and DS were quite stable over time. Moreover, CP and DS showed strong covariation at each measurement time point, but only one significant positive cross-lagged association between the two processes, indicating that higher levels of DS at time 3 were associated with higher levels of CP 1 year later. No differences were observed in the longitudinal associations between CP and DS in boys and girls. Given the comorbidity and stability of CP and DS, these findings suggest that DS should be systematically evaluated among children with early clinically significant CP, and treatment plans should include interventions aimed at both CP and DS among children who present with both types of problems.
CP-Violation in K and B decays
Fayyazuddin, A
2003-01-01
In this article we give an overview of CP-violation for both K^0 (\\bar{K}^0 ), B^0 (\\bar{B}^0), and B_s(\\bar{B}_s) systems. Direct CP-violation and mixing induced CP-violation are discussed for K^0(\\bar{K}^0), and B^0(\\bar{B}^0) decays.
Measurements of CP violation in charm decays at LHCb
Marino, Pietro
2016-01-01
The copious amount of D-meson decays collected by the LHCb experiment, opens the doors to measurements with sensitivities close to the Standard Model expectations for CP violation in charm. Latest results on CP violation searches at the LHCb experiment are reported. No hint of CP violation has been found so far.
CP and other Symmetries of Symmetries
Trautner, Andreas
2016-01-01
Outer automorphisms of symmetries ("symmetries of symmetries") in relativistic quantum field theories are studied, including charge conjugation (C), space-reflection (P) , and time-reversal (T) transformations. The group theory of outer automorphisms is pedagogically introduced and it is shown that CP transformations are special outer automorphisms of the global, local, and space-time symmetries of a theory. It is shown that certain discrete groups allow for a group theoretical prediction of parameter independent CP violating complex phases with fixed geometrical values. The remainder of this thesis pioneers the study of outer automorphisms which are not related to C, P, or T. It is shown how outer automorphisms, in general, relate symmetry invariants and, in theories with spontaneous symmetry breaking, imply relations between different vacuum expectation values. Thereby, outer automorphisms can give rise to emergent symmetries. An example model with a discrete symmetry and three copies of the Standard Model ...
CP violation in hadronic tau decays
Kiers, Ken
2013-01-01
We consider CP-violating effects in tau -> 3 pi nu_ tau and 4 pi nu_ tau (Delta S = 0), and tau -> K pi pi nu_tau (Delta S = 1), assuming that the usual Standard Model amplitudes for these processes interfere with analogous amplitudes mediated by a charged Higgs boson. In the Delta S = 0 case we focus specifically on the intermediate resonant processes tau -> V pi nu_tau (with V=omega, rho, and a_1), and consider three CP-odd observables -- the partial rate asymmetry, a polarization-dependent asymmetry and a triple-product asymmetry. In the Delta S = 1 case we examine the partial rate asymmetry, two "modified" rate asymmetries, and a triple-product asymmetry. The partial rate asymmetry is expected to be small for both the Delta S = 0 and Delta S = 1 cases. Evaluation of the other asymmetries indicates that they could potentially be measurable.
CP Violation in Tau to K* Decays
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hodgkinson, Mark; /Manchester U.
2006-03-10
A sample of {tau}{sup {+-}} {yields} K*{sup {+-}} decays with K*{sup {+-}} {yields} K{sub S}{sup 0}{pi}{sup {+-}} and K{sub S}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, using 123.4 fb{sup -1} of data collected by the BaBar detector at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, is used to search for a direct CP violation effect in the charged Higgs sector. No evidence of CP violation is found and the imaginary part of the charged Higgs coupling, {l_brace}Im{r_brace}({Lambda}), in the Multi-Higgs-Doublet-Model is found to be at -0.284 < {l_brace}Im{r_brace}({Lambda}) < 0.200 at 90% Confidence Level. In addition the installation of the kk2f Monte Carlo generator into the BaBar software framework is described.
Search For CP Violation in Positronium
Bartram, Chelsea
2015-04-01
We propose to search for CP violation in the charged lepton sector by studying positronium decays. Positronium, a bound state of an electron and positron, occurs in both a singlet and triplet state. The triplet state, orthopositronium, decays primarily into three gamma rays. CP violation could potentially manifest itself in angular correlations between the directions of the three gamma rays. We will use the APEX annular array of NaI detectors, combined with a tagged source and a novel, conventional electromagnet. This array will increase the angular acceptance by a factor of 25 over previous experiments. We will present the current status of the experiment. This work is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Nuclear Physics.
Direct CP violation in hadronic B decays
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
HONG Bihai; L(U) Caidian
2006-01-01
There are different approaches for the hadronic B decay calculations, recently. In this paper, we upgrade three of them, namely factorization, QCD factorization and the perturbative QCD approach based on kT factorization, using new parameters and full wave functions. Although they get similar results for many of the branching ratios,the direct CP asymmetries predicted by them are different, which can be tested by recent experimental measurements of B factories.
Test of CP invariance in decay
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chauvat, P.; Erhan, S.; Hayes, K.; Smith, A.M.; Meritet, L.; Reyrolle, M.; Vazeille, F.; Bonino, R.; Cousins, R.; Kroll, I.J.; Medinnis, M.; Schlein, P.E.; Sherwood, P.; Zweizig, J.G.; Alitti, J.; Bloch-Devaux, B.; Cheze, J.B.; Montag, A.; Pichard, B.; Zsembery, J.; R608 Collaboration.
1985-11-21
In an experiment at the CERN intersecting storage rings with s = 31 GeV, we have measured P, the product of asymmetry parameter and polarization, for anti 's and 's produced in anti pp interactions, respectively. The ratio, ( P)anti /( P)sub( ) = -1.04+-0.29, is consistent with the value -1, and constitutes the first test of CP invariance in decay. (orig.).
CP-violation and electric dipole moments
Le Dall, Matthias; Ritz, Adam
2013-03-01
Searches for intrinsic electric dipole moments of nucleons, atoms and molecules are precision flavour-diagonal probes of new -odd physics. We review and summarise the effective field theory analysis of the observable EDMs in terms of a general set of CP-odd operators at 1 GeV, and the ensuing model-independent constraints on new physics. We also discuss the implications for supersymmetric models, in light of the mass limits emerging from the LHC.
CpG islands influence chromatin structure via the CpG-binding protein Cfp1.
Thomson, John P; Skene, Peter J; Selfridge, Jim; Clouaire, Thomas; Guy, Jacky; Webb, Shaun; Kerr, Alastair R W; Deaton, Aimée; Andrews, Rob; James, Keith D; Turner, Daniel J; Illingworth, Robert; Bird, Adrian
2010-04-15
CpG islands (CGIs) are prominent in the mammalian genome owing to their GC-rich base composition and high density of CpG dinucleotides. Most human gene promoters are embedded within CGIs that lack DNA methylation and coincide with sites of histone H3 lysine 4 trimethylation (H3K4me3), irrespective of transcriptional activity. In spite of these intriguing correlations, the functional significance of non-methylated CGI sequences with respect to chromatin structure and transcription is unknown. By performing a search for proteins that are common to all CGIs, here we show high enrichment for Cfp1, which selectively binds to non-methylated CpGs in vitro. Chromatin immunoprecipitation of a mono-allelically methylated CGI confirmed that Cfp1 specifically associates with non-methylated CpG sites in vivo. High throughput sequencing of Cfp1-bound chromatin identified a notable concordance with non-methylated CGIs and sites of H3K4me3 in the mouse brain. Levels of H3K4me3 at CGIs were markedly reduced in Cfp1-depleted cells, consistent with the finding that Cfp1 associates with the H3K4 methyltransferase Setd1 (refs 7, 8). To test whether non-methylated CpG-dense sequences are sufficient to establish domains of H3K4me3, we analysed artificial CpG clusters that were integrated into the mouse genome. Despite the absence of promoters, the insertions recruited Cfp1 and created new peaks of H3K4me3. The data indicate that a primary function of non-methylated CGIs is to genetically influence the local chromatin modification state by interaction with Cfp1 and perhaps other CpG-binding proteins.
Lattice QCD spectroscopy for hadronic CP violation
de Vries, Jordy; Mereghetti, Emanuele; Seng, Chien-Yeah; Walker-Loud, André
2017-03-01
The interpretation of nuclear electric dipole moment (EDM) experiments is clouded by large theoretical uncertainties associated with nonperturbative matrix elements. In various beyond-the-Standard Model scenarios nuclear and diamagnetic atomic EDMs are expected to be dominated by CP-violating pion-nucleon interactions that arise from quark chromo-electric dipole moments. The corresponding CP-violating pion-nucleon coupling strengths are, however, poorly known. In this work we propose a strategy to calculate these couplings by using spectroscopic lattice QCD techniques. Instead of directly calculating the pion-nucleon coupling constants, a challenging task, we use chiral symmetry relations that link the pion-nucleon couplings to nucleon sigma terms and mass splittings that are significantly easier to calculate. In this work, we show that these relations are reliable up to next-to-next-to-leading order in the chiral expansion in both SU (2) and SU (3) chiral perturbation theory. We conclude with a brief discussion about practical details regarding the required lattice QCD calculations and the phenomenological impact of an improved understanding of CP-violating matrix elements.
Flavor Mixing Democracy and Minimal CP Violation
Gerard, Jean-Marc
2012-01-01
We point out that there is a unique parametrization of quark flavor mixing in which every angle is close to the Cabibbo angle \\theta_C \\simeq 13^\\circ with the CP-violating phase \\phi_q around 1^\\circ, implying that they might all be related to the strong hierarchy among quark masses. Applying the same parametrization to lepton flavor mixing, we find that all three mixing angles are comparably large (around \\pi/4) and the Dirac CP-violating phase \\phi_l is also minimal as compared with its values in the other eight possible parametrizations. In this spirit, we propose a simple neutrino mixing ansatz which is equivalent to the tri-bimaximal flavor mixing pattern in the \\phi_l \\to 0 limit and predicts \\sin\\theta_13 = 1/\\sqrt{2} \\sin (\\phi_l/2) for reactor antineutrino oscillations. Hence the Jarlskog invariant of leptonic CP violation J_l = (\\sin\\phi_l)/12 can reach a few percent if \\theta_13 lies in the range 7^\\circ \\leq \\theta_13 \\leq 10^\\circ.
Flavor mixing democracy and minimal CP violation
Gerard, Jean-Marc; Xing, Zhi-zhong
2012-06-01
We point out that there is a unique parametrization of quark flavor mixing in which every angle is close to the Cabibbo angle θC≃13° with the CP-violating phase ϕq around 1°, implying that they might all be related to the strong hierarchy among quark masses. Applying the same parametrization to lepton flavor mixing, we find that all three mixing angles are comparably large (around π/4) and the Dirac CP-violating phase ϕl is also minimal as compared with its values in the other eight possible parametrizations. In this spirit, we propose a simple neutrino mixing ansatz which is equivalent to the tri-bimaximal flavor mixing pattern in the ϕl→0 limit and predicts sin θ13=1/√{2}sin(ϕl/2) for reactor antineutrino oscillations. Hence the Jarlskog invariant of leptonic CP violation Jl=(sin ϕl)/12 can reach a few percent if θ13 lies in the range 7°⩽θ13⩽10°.
CP violations in predictive neutrino mass structures
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Geng, Chao-Qiang, E-mail: geng@phys.nthu.edu.tw [Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, 400065, Chongqing (China); Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Physics Division, National Center for Theoretical Sciences, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Huang, Da, E-mail: dahuang@phys.nthu.edu.tw; Tsai, Lu-Hsing, E-mail: lhtsai@phys.nthu.edu.tw [Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China)
2015-11-26
We study the CP-violation effects from two types of neutrino mass matrices with (i) (M{sub ν}){sub ee}=0, and (ii) (M{sub ν}){sub ee}=(M{sub ν}){sub eμ}=0, which can be realized by the high-dimensional lepton number violating operators ℓ{sup -bar}{sub R}{sup c}γ{sup μ}L{sub L}(D{sub μ}Φ)Φ{sup 2} and ℓ{sup -bar}{sub R}{sup c}l{sub R}(D{sub μ}Φ){sup 2}Φ{sup 2}, respectively. In (i), the neutrino mass spectrum is in the normal ordering with the lightest neutrino mass within the range 0.002 eV≲m{sub 0}≲0.007 eV. Furthermore, for a given value of m{sub 0}, there are two solutions for the two Majorana phases α{sub 21} and α{sub 31}, whereas the Dirac phase δ is arbitrary. For (ii), the parameters of m{sub 0}, δ, α{sub 21}, and α{sub 31} can be completely determined. We calculate the CP-violating asymmetries in neutrino–antineutrino oscillations for both mass textures of (i) and (ii), which are closely related to the CP-violating Majorana phases.
CP violations in predictive neutrino mass structures
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Geng, Chao-Qiang [Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing (China); National Tsing Hua University, Department of Physics, Hsinchu (China); National Center for Theoretical Sciences, Physics Division, Hsinchu (China); Huang, Da; Tsai, Lu-Hsing [National Tsing Hua University, Department of Physics, Hsinchu (China)
2015-11-15
We study the CP-violation effects from two types of neutrino mass matrices with (i) (M{sub ν}){sub ee} = 0, and (ii) (M{sub ν}){sub ee} = (M{sub ν}){sub eμ} = 0, which can be realized by the high-dimensional lepton number violating operators anti l{sub R}{sup c}γ{sup μ}L{sub L}(D{sub μ}Φ)Φ{sup 2} and @ anti l{sub R}{sup c}l{sub R}(D{sub μ}Φ){sup 2}Φ{sup 2}, respectively. In (i), the neutrino mass spectrum is in the normal ordering with the lightest neutrino mass within the range 0.002 eV
Mason, E.; Orio, M.; Mukai, K.; Bianchini, A.; deMartino, D.; diMille, F.; Williams, R. E.
2013-01-01
We present new X-ray and optical spectra of the old nova CP Pup (nova Pup 1942) obtained with Chandra and the CTIO 4m telescope. The X-ray spectrum reveals a multi-temperature optically thin plasma reaching a maximum temperature of 36+19 keV 16 absorbed by local complex neutral material. The time resolved optical spectroscopy confirms the presence of the 1.47 hr period, with cycle-to-cycle amplitude changes, as well as of an additional long term modulation which is suggestive either of a longer pe- riod or of non-Keplerian velocities in the emission line regions. These new observational facts add further support to CP Pup as a magnetic cataclysmic variable (mCV). We compare the mCV and the non-mCV scenarios and while we cannot conclude whether CP Pup is a long period system, all observational evidences point at an intermediate polar (IP) type CV.
Radiographic inspection and densitometric evaluation of CP-5 reactor fuel
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Staroba, J. F.; Knoerzer, T. W.
1978-02-01
This report covers the radiographic and densitometric techniques used as part of a quality verification program for CP-5 reactor fuel by the Nondestructive Assay Section of the Special Materials Division. Other nondestructive tests used were ultrasonic and gamma-ray spectrometry. The main objectives were to perform a one-hundred percent radiographic inspection of the fuel tubes and to derive a quantitative relationship between fuel thickness and film density with the use of fabricated fuel step wedges. By the use of tangential x-ray techniques, measurements were made of fuel peaks or ''hot spots'' that protruded above the main fuel line. Other general problems in radiographic inspection and solutions for the upgrading of the total radiographic inspection program are also discussed.
CP violation and electroweak baryogenesis in the Standard Model
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Brauner Tomáš
2014-04-01
Full Text Available One of the major unresolved problems in current physics is understanding the origin of the observed asymmetry between matter and antimatter in the Universe. It has become a common lore to claim that the Standard Model of particle physics cannot produce sufficient asymmetry to explain the observation. Our results suggest that this conclusion can be alleviated in the so-called cold electroweak baryogenesis scenario. On the Standard Model side, we continue the program initiated by Smit eight years ago; one derives the effective CP-violating action for the Standard Model bosons and uses the resulting effective theory in numerical simulations. We address a disagreement between two previous computations performed effectively at zero temperature, and demonstrate that it is very important to include temperature effects properly. Our conclusion is that the cold electroweak baryogenesis scenario within the Standard Model is tightly constrained, yet producing enough baryon asymmetry using just known physics still seems possible.
Measurement of CP asymmetry in Cabibbo suppressed D0 decays
Staric, M
2008-01-01
We measure the CP-violating asymmetries in decays to the D0 -> K+K- and D0 -> pi+pi- CP eigenstates using 540 fb^{-1} of data collected with the Belle detector at or near the Upsilon(4S) resonance. Cabibbo-favored D0 -> K-pi+ decays are used to correct for systematic detector effects. The results, A_{CP}^{KK} = (-0.43 +- 0.30 +- 0.11)% and A_{CP}^{pipi} = (+0.43 +- 0.52 +- 0.12)%, are consistent with no CP violation.
Generalized $\\mu-\\tau$ reflection symmetry and leptonic CP violation
Chen, Peng; Gonzalez-Canales, Felix; Valle, J W F
2016-01-01
We propose a generalized $\\mu-\\tau$ reflection symmetry to constrain the lepton flavor mixing parameters. We obtain a new correlation between the atmospheric mixing angle $\\theta_{23}$ and the "Dirac" CP violation phase $\\delta_{\\rm CP}$. Only in a specific limit our proposed CP transformation reduces to standard $\\mu-\\tau$ reflection, for which $\\theta_{23}$ and $\\delta_{CP}$ are both maximal. The "Majorana" phases are predicted to lie at their CP-conserving values with important implications for the neutrinoless double beta decay rates. We also study the phenomenological implications of our scheme for present and future neutrino oscillation experiments including T2K, NO$\
Probing new CP violating observables in D meson decays
Liu, Yong-Feng; Kang, Xian-Wei
2016-08-01
CP violation in the charm quark sector has not been examined very well as the case for strange and beauty ones. Some novel insights into the issue on the CP violation in D meson decay are discussed. Specifically, i) the T-violating observables in D → VV decays are constructed. Assuming CPT invariance T violation implies CP violation. This is a new idea and an alternative way for probing CP violation in D decays; ii) the decay of quantum correlated DD̅ pair to vector mesons (denoted by V) is explored, which offers the new CP violating observables that have not been noticed before;
Study of CP(N-1) \\theta-Vacua by Cluster-Simulation of SU(N) Quantum Spin Ladders
Beard, B B; Riederer, S; Wiese, U J
2005-01-01
D-theory provides an alternative lattice regularization of the (1+1)-d CP(N-1) quantum field theory. In this formulation the continuous classical CP(N-1) fields emerge from the dimensional reduction of discrete SU(N) quantum spins. In analogy to Haldane's conjecture, ladders consisting of an even number of transversely coupled spin chains lead to a CP(N-1) model with vacuum angle \\theta = 0, while an odd number of chains yields \\theta = \\pi. In contrast to Wilson's formulation of lattice field theory, in D-theory no sign problem arises at \\theta = \\pi, and an efficient cluster algorithm is used to investigate the \\theta-vacuum effects. At \\theta = \\pi there is a first order phase transition with spontaneous breaking of charge conjugation symmetry for CP(N-1) models with N>2.
Analysis list: Cp190 [Chip-atlas[Archive
Lifescience Database Archive (English)
Full Text Available Cp190 Cell line,Embryo,Larvae + dm3 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/dm3/target/Cp190.1.tsv http:...//dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/dm3/target/Cp190.5.tsv http://dbarchive.biosci...encedbc.jp/kyushu-u/dm3/target/Cp190.10.tsv http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/dm3/colo/Cp190.Cell_line.tsv,http:...//dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/dm3/colo/Cp190.Embryo.tsv,http:...//dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/dm3/colo/Cp190.Larvae.tsv http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/
Methyl-CpG binding proteins in the nervous system
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Guoping FAN; Leah HUTNICK
2005-01-01
Classical methyl-CpG binding proteins contain the conserved DNA binding motif methyl-cytosine binding domain (MBD), which preferentially binds to methylated CpG dinucleotides. These proteins serve as transcriptional repressors,mediating gene silencing via DNA cytosine methylation. Mutations in methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2) have been linked to the human mental retardation disorder Rett syndrome, suggesting an important role for methyl-CpG binding proteins in brain development and function. This mini-review summarizes the recent advances in studying the diverse functions of MeCP2 as a prototype for other methyl-CpG binding proteins in the development and function of the vertebrate nervous system.
CP asymmetries in the supersymmetric trilepton signal at the LHC
Bornhauser, S; Dreiner, H; Eboli, O J P; Kim, J S; Kittel, O
2011-01-01
In the CP-violating Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, we study the production of a neutralino-chargino pair at the LHC. For their decays into three leptons, we analyze CP asymmetries which are sensitive to the CP phases of the neutralino and chargino sector. We present analytical formulas for the entire production and decay process, and identify the CP-violating contributions in the spin correlation terms. This allows us to define the optimal CP asymmetries. We present a detailed numerical analysis of the cross sections, branching ratios, and the CP observables. For light neutralinos, charginos, and squarks, the asymmetries can reach several 10%. We estimate the discovery potential for the LHC to observe CP violation in the trilepton channel.
CP asymmetries in the supersymmetric trilepton signal at the LHC
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bornhauser, S. [University of New Mexico, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Drees, M.; Dreiner, H. [Bethe Center for Theoretical Physics and Physikalisches Institut der Universitaet Bonn, Bonn (Germany); Eboli, O.J.P. [Universidade de Sao Paulo, Instituto de Fisica, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Kim, J.S. [TU Dortmund, Fakultaet fuer Physik, Dortmund (Germany); University of Adelaide, ARC Centre of Excellence for Particle Physics at the Terascale, School of Chemistry and Physics, Adelaide, South Australia (Australia); Kittel, O. [Universidad de Granada, Departamento de Fisica Teorica y del Cosmos and CAFPE, Granada (Spain)
2012-03-15
In the CP-violating Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, we study the production of a neutralino-chargino pair at the LHC. For their decays into three leptons, we analyze CP asymmetries which are sensitive to the CP phases of the neutralino and chargino sector. We present analytical formulas for the entire production and decay process, and identify the CP-violating contributions in the spin correlation terms. This allows us to define the optimal CP asymmetries. We present a detailed numerical analysis of the cross sections, branching ratios, and the CP observables. For light neutralinos, charginos, and squarks, the asymmetries can reach several 10%. We estimate the discovery potential for the LHC to observe CP violation in the trilepton channel. (orig.)
CP asymmetries in the supersymmetric trilepton signal at the LHC
Bornhauser, S.; Drees, M.; Dreiner, H.; Éboli, O. J. P.; Kim, J. S.; Kittel, O.
2012-03-01
In the CP-violating Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, we study the production of a neutralino-chargino pair at the LHC. For their decays into three leptons, we analyze CP asymmetries which are sensitive to the CP phases of the neutralino and chargino sector. We present analytical formulas for the entire production and decay process, and identify the CP-violating contributions in the spin correlation terms. This allows us to define the optimal CP asymmetries. We present a detailed numerical analysis of the cross sections, branching ratios, and the CP observables. For light neutralinos, charginos, and squarks, the asymmetries can reach several 10%. We estimate the discovery potential for the LHC to observe CP violation in the trilepton channel.
Connecting nonzero θ 13, Dirac CP phase and leptogenesis through spontaneous CP violation
Karmakar, Biswajit; Sil, Arunansu
2017-09-01
We have analyzed a Type-I+II seesaw scenario to generate neutrino masses and mixing in a A 4 based flavor symmetric framework. The Standard Model (SM) particle content is extended by three singlet right handed neutrinos, an additional higgs triplet along with few SM singlet flavon fields. In this set-up, the pure type-I contribution to the neutrino mass matrix exhibits a tribimaximal (TBM) of lepton mixing where the triplet contribution generates θ 13. Complex vev of one flavon provides a unique source of spontaneous CP violation. Here it turns out that the triplet contribution provides a common source for θ 13, Dirac CP phase (δ) and CP violation required for leptogenesis.
When the C in CP does not matter: anatomy of CP-half-odd scalars and their Yukawa interactions
Aranda, Alfredo; Jiménez, Enrique
2016-01-01
We explore the origin and Yukawa interactions of the peculiar CP-half-odd scalars that were recently found in a multi-Higgs model based on an order-4 CP symmetry. We relate the existence of such scalars to the enhanced freedom of defining CP, even beyond the well-known generalized CP symmetries, that arises in models with several gauge-blind scalar fields. We also find that CP-half-odd scalars do not have to be inert: they can have CP-conserving Yukawa interactions provided the CP acts on fermions by also mixing generations. This paper focuses on formal aspects --- exposed in a pedagogical manner --- and includes a brief discussion of possible phenomenological consequences.
CMS performance for CP violation measurements
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Pralavorio, P.
1996-12-31
Recent set of structure functions, branching ratios and the current understanding of detector performance lead to a new evaluation of the CP reach of CMS. Compared to previous analysis, expected numbers of fully reconstructed and {mu} tagged B events are smaller, but are partly recovered thanks to progress on low pT electron identification based upon the high-resolution and fine granular electromagnetic calorimeter. This allow to use electrons for tagging purpose as well s for J/{psi} {yields} e{sup +}e{sup -}reconstruction. (author). 13 refs.
Unveiling neutrino mixing and leptonic CP violation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mena, Olga; /Fermilab
2005-01-01
We review the present understanding of neutrino masses and mixings, discussing what are the unknowns in the three family oscillation scenario. Despite the anticipated success coming from the planned long baseline neutrino experiments in unraveling the leptonic mixing sector, there are two important unknowns which may remain obscure: the mixing angle {theta}{sub 13} and the CP-phase {delta}. The measurement of these two parameters has led us to consider the combination of superbeams and neutrino factories as the key to unveil the neutrino oscillation picture.
Recent Tevatron Results on CP-Violation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Garbincius, Peter H. [Fermilab
2014-08-25
Using their full Tevatron Run II data sets, the CDF and D0 Experiments present measurements of CP-violating asymmetries in the charmless decay of bottom baryons Lambda-b => p pi-, Lambda-b => p K-, and also for Bs0 => K- pi+, B0 => K+ pi-, Ds => phi pi, and for single muons and like-sign dimuons in p-pbar collisions. Except for the like-sign dimuon asymmetry, these asymmetry measurements are consistent with available predictions of the standard model.
Recent Tevatron Results on CP-Violation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Garbincius, Peter H. [Fermilab
2014-08-27
Using their full Tevatron Run II data sets, the CDF and D0 Experiments present measurements of CP -violating asymmetries in the charmless decays of bottom baryons Λ0 → pπ-, Λ0 → pK-, and also for B0 → K-π+, B0 → K+π-, b b s Ds → φπ± , and for single muons and like-sign dimuons in pp collisions. Except for the like-sign dimuon asymmetry, these asymmetry measurements are consistent with available predictions of the standard model.
CpG distribution and methylation pattern in porcine parvovirus.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Renáta Tóth
Full Text Available Based on GC content and the observed/expected CpG ratio (oCpGr, we found three major groups among the members of subfamily Parvovirinae: Group I parvoviruses with low GC content and low oCpGr values, Group II with low GC content and high oCpGr values and Group III with high GC content and high oCpGr values. Porcine parvovirus belongs to Group I and it features an ascendant CpG distribution by position in its coding regions similarly to the majority of the parvoviruses. The entire PPV genome remains hypomethylated during the viral lifecycle independently from the tissue of origin. In vitro CpG methylation of the genome has a modest inhibitory effect on PPV replication. The in vitro hypermethylation disappears from the replicating PPV genome suggesting that beside the maintenance DNMT1 the de novo DNMT3a and DNMT3b DNA methyltransferases can't methylate replicating PPV DNA effectively either, despite that the PPV infection does not seem to influence the expression, translation or localization of the DNA methylases. SNP analysis revealed high mutability of the CpG sites in the PPV genome, while introduction of 29 extra CpG sites into the genome has no significant biological effects on PPV replication in vitro. These experiments raise the possibility that beyond natural selection mutational pressure may also significantly contribute to the low level of the CpG sites in the PPV genome.
Field Trials of CpGV Virus Isolates Overcoming Resistance to CpGV-M
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
M. Berling; J. -B. Rey; S. -J. Ondet; Y. Tallot; O. Soubabère; A. Bonhomme; B. Sauphanor; M. Lopez-Ferber
2009-01-01
The Cydia pomonella granulovirus (CpGV) has been used for many years as biological agent for codling moth control in apple orchards. Resistance to the Mexican strain of CpGV was detected in orchards in Germany, France and Italy. A laboratory insect colony was started from insects collected in a French resistant orchard. It was named RGV. Various virus isolates were identified as active against this resistant insect colony. Field tests were carried out in 2007 to test if the two virus isolates CpGV-I12 and NPP-R1 were effective in the field. Although these virus isolates were not able to reduce insect caused fruit damages, they significantly reduced the overwintering insect populations. NPP-R1 was subjected to eight passages on RGV larvae (NPP-R1.8) that improved its biological activity on RGV larvae. 2008 field trials were set up to test this improved virus strain, compared to CpGV-I12 and Madex plus active on RGV. These tests confirmed the ability to control both in susceptible and resistant insect populations.
HyperCP (E871) experiment at Fermilab: search for direct CP violation in hyperon decays
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Leros, N.; Burnstein, R.A.; Chakravorty, A.; Chan, A.; Chen, Y.C.; Choong, W.S.; Clark, K.; Dukes, E.C.; Durandet, C.; Felix, J.; Gidal, G.; Gustafson, H.R.; Ho, C.; Holmstrom, T.; Huang, M.; James, C.; Jenkins, M.; Jones, T.; Kaplan, D.M.; Lederman, L.M.; Longo, M.J.; Lopez, F.; Lu, L.C.; Luebke, W.; Luk, K.B.; Moreno, G.; Nelson, K.S.; Park, H.K.; Perroud, J.P.; Rajaram, D.; Rubin, H.A.; Sosa, M.; Teng, P.K.; Turko, B.; Volk, J.; White, C.; White, S.L.; Zyla, P
2001-05-01
The Fermilab HyperCP experiment has accumulated the world's largest sample of {xi}{sup -} and {xi}-bar{sup +} hyperon decays within two running periods in 1997 and 1999. The primary goal of the experiment is to search for direct CP violation in the decay sequences {xi}{sup -} {yields} {lambda} {pi}{sup -} {yields} p {pi}{sup -} {pi}{sup -} and {xi}-bar{sup +} {yields} {lambda}-bar {pi}{sup +} {yields} p-bar {pi}{sup +} {pi}{sup +}. A violation of CP would manifest itself as a difference between the angular distribution of the proton and the antiproton in the {lambda} and {lambda}-bar helicity frame. The amount of data is enough to reach a statistical sensitivity of 1.4 x 10{sup -4} in the CP violating asymmetry A{sub {xi}}{sub {lambda}} = ({alpha}{sub {xi}} {alpha}{sub {lambda}} - {alpha}{sub {xi}}{sub -bar} {alpha}{sub {lambda}}{sub -bar})/({alpha}{sub {xi}} {alpha}{sub {lambda}} + {alpha}{sub {xi}}{sub -bar} {alpha}{sub {lambda}}{sub -bar}). We present an analysis method used to take into account the slight differences in the production of the {xi}{sup -} and {xi}-bar{sup +} samples. A preliminary results on A{sub {xi}}{sub {lambda}} at the level of a few 10{sup -3} and based on a few percent of the 1997 data will be presented.
The Time Dependent CP Violation in Charm
Inguglia, Gianluca
2012-01-01
A model which describes the time-dependent CP formalism in $D^0$ decays has recently been proposed. There it has been highlighted a possible measurement of the angle $\\beta_c$, in the charm unitarity triangle, using the decays $D^0\\to K^+ K^-$ and $D^0\\to \\pi^+ \\pi^-$, and a measurement of the mixing phase $\\phi_{MIX}$. The same method can be used to measure the value of the parameter $x$, one of the two parameters defining charm mixing. We numerically evaluate the impact of a time-dependent analysis in terms of the possible outcomes from present and future experiments. We consider the scenarios of correlated $D^0$ mesons production at the center of mass energy of the $\\Psi(3770)$ at Super$B$, uncorrelated production at the center of mass energy of the $\\Upsilon(4S)$ at Super$B$ and Belle II, and LHCb. Recently a hint of direct CP violation in charm decays was reported by the LHCb collaboration, we estimate the rate of time-dependent asymmetry that could be achieved using their available data, and we generali...
Probing flavor and CP in decays of beauty and charm
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Schacht, Stefan
2013-07-10
In order to probe for new physics beyond the Standard Model of particle physics, we explore decays of beauty and charm mesons. In the b sector we find ourselves in the realm of precision physics so that we can improve significantly the bounds on supersymmetric flavor violation from new theoretical and experimental progress in anti B → anti K{sup (*)}l{sup +}l{sup -}. From these bounds we derive several phenomenological implications, as bounds on Radiative Flavor Violation models that are partly even sharper than the ones from Kaon physics. In order to improve the bounds on new physics models from anti B → anti K{sup (*)}l{sup +}l{sup -} even more in the future, we extract subsequently anti B → anti K{sup *} form factor ratios from data at high invariant lepton pair masses. These are the current bottleneck for the advancement in precision. In the charm sector unexpectedly large CP violation was measured recently. Currently, the experimental situation is unsettled. We work here on the main problem that one cannot reliably calculate the hadronic part from first principles, i.e., cannot exclude possible enhancements from this source. We perform for the first time a comprehensive SU(3){sub F} analysis of D → P{sub 8}P{sub 8} decays including linear breaking in full generality. We find the SU(3){sub F} expansion to be indeed working. Furthermore, the fit shows a large triplet matrix element enhancement that cannot be excluded for sure without having a dynamical theory at hand. We show as a proof of principle that with significantly improved data we could disentangle the triplet model including the Standard Model from other new physics models. Using reasonable theoretical input from QCD factorization we can eliminate some of the many degrees of freedom of the pure SU(3){sub F} analysis. This can sharpen partially the correlation between D-decay CP asymmetries and branching ratios.
Jung, Myung-Hwa; Lee, Jehee; Ortega-Villaizan, M; Perez, Luis; Jung, Sung-Ju
2017-06-27
Rock bream iridovirus (RBIV) disease in rock bream (Oplegnathus fasciatus) remains an unsolved problem in Korea aquaculture farms. CpG ODNs are known as immunostimulant, can improve the innate immune system of fish providing resistance to diseases. In this study, we evaluated the potential of CpG ODNs to induce anti-viral status protecting rock bream from different RBIV infection conditions. We found that, when administered into rock bream, CpG ODN 1668 induces better antiviral immune responses compared to other 5 CpG ODNs (2216, 1826, 2133, 2395 and 1720). All CpG ODN 1668 administered fish (1/5µg) at 2days before infection (1.1×10(7)) held at 26°C died even though mortality was delayed from 8days (1µg) and 4days (5µg). Similarly, CpG ODN 1668 administered (5µg) at 2days before infection (1.2×10(6)) held at 23/20°C had 100% mortality; the mortality was delayed from 9days (23°C) and 11days (20°C). Moreover, when CpG ODN 1668 administered (1/5/10µg) at 2/4/7days before infection or virus concentration was decreased to 1.1×10(4) and held at 20°C had mortality rates of 20/60/30% (2days), 30/40/60% (4days) and 60/60/20% (7days), respectively, for the respective administration dose, through 100 dpi. To investigate the development of a protective immune response, survivors were re-infected with RBIV (1.1×10(7)) at 100 and 400 dpi, respectively. While 100% of the previously unexposed fish died, 100% of the previously infected fish survived. The high survival rate of fish following re-challenge with RBIV indicates that protective immunity was established in the surviving rock bream. Our results showed the possibility of developing preventive measures against RBIV using CpG ODN 1668 by reducing RBIV replication speed (i.e. water temperature of 20°C and infection dose of 1.1×10(4)). Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
CP Violation in the K and B Systems
Kayser, B
1997-01-01
Although CP violation was discovered more than thirty years ago, its origin is still unknown. In these lectures, we describe the CP-violating effects which have been seen in K decays, and explain how CP violation can be caused by the Standard Model weak interaction. The hypothesis that this interaction is indeed the origin of CP violation will be incisively tested by future experiments on B and K decays. We explain what quantities these experiments will try to determine, and how they will be able to determine them in a theoretically clean way. To clarify the physics of the K system, we give a phase-convention-free description of CP violation in this system. We conclude by briefly exploring whether electric dipole moments actually violate CP even if CPT invariance is not assumed.
Exploring the CP-violating NMSSM: EDM constraints and phenomenology
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
King, S.F., E-mail: king@soton.ac.uk [Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Mühlleitner, M., E-mail: margarete.muehlleitner@kit.edu [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76128 Karlsruhe (Germany); Nevzorov, R., E-mail: roman.nevzorov@adelaide.edu.au [ARC Centre of Excellence for Particle Physics at the Tera-scale, School of Chemistry and Physics, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005 (Australia); Walz, K., E-mail: kathrin.walz@kit.edu [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76128 Karlsruhe (Germany)
2015-12-15
The Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (NMSSM) features extra new sources for CP violation. In contrast to the MSSM CP violation can already occur at tree level in the Higgs sector. We investigate the range of possible allowed CP-violating phases by taking into account the constraints arising from the measurements of the Electric Dipole Moments (EDMs) and the latest LHC Higgs data. Our analysis shows that large CP-violating phases, that are NMSSM-specific, are not in conflict with the EDMs. They are dominantly constrained by the Higgs data in this case. We use our results to investigate the prospects of measuring CP violation through the combined measurement of Higgs rates, on the one hand, and in observables based on CP-violating Higgs couplings to tau leptons on the other hand.
Exploring the CP-violating NMSSM: EDM constraints and phenomenology
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
S.F. King
2015-12-01
Full Text Available The Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (NMSSM features extra new sources for CP violation. In contrast to the MSSM CP violation can already occur at tree level in the Higgs sector. We investigate the range of possible allowed CP-violating phases by taking into account the constraints arising from the measurements of the Electric Dipole Moments (EDMs and the latest LHC Higgs data. Our analysis shows that large CP-violating phases, that are NMSSM-specific, are not in conflict with the EDMs. They are dominantly constrained by the Higgs data in this case. We use our results to investigate the prospects of measuring CP violation through the combined measurement of Higgs rates, on the one hand, and in observables based on CP-violating Higgs couplings to tau leptons on the other hand.
Invariant approach to CP in unbroken Δ(27
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Gustavo C. Branco
2015-10-01
Full Text Available The invariant approach is a powerful method for studying CP violation for specific Lagrangians. The method is particularly useful for dealing with discrete family symmetries. We focus on the CP properties of unbroken Δ(27 invariant Lagrangians with Yukawa-like terms, which proves to be a rich framework, with distinct aspects of CP, making it an ideal group to investigate with the invariant approach. We classify Lagrangians depending on the number of fields transforming as irreducible triplet representations of Δ(27. For each case, we construct CP-odd weak basis invariants and use them to discuss the respective CP properties. We find that CP violation is sensitive to the number and type of Δ(27 representations.
CP violation in the K and B systems
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kayser, B. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States)][National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA (United States)
1996-11-01
Although CP violation was discovered more than thirty years ago, its origin is still unknown. In these lectures, we describe the CP- violating effects which have been seen in K decays, and explain how CP violation can be caused by the Standard Model weak interaction. The hypothesis that this interaction is indeed the origin of CP violation will be incisively tested by future experiments on B and K decays. We explain what quantities these experiments will try to determine, and how they will be able to determine them in a theoretically clean way. To clarify the physics of the K system, we give a phase-convention-free description of CP violation in this system. We conclude by briefly exploring whether electric dipole moments actually violate CP even if CPT invariance is not assumed.
Degradation of 4-CP in an internal electrolysis system
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
BIAN Wen-juan; SHEN Xue-you; LEI Le-cheng
2004-01-01
The characteristic and mechanism of parachlorophenol (4-CP) degradation in an internal electrolysissystem were investigated. The degradation rate of 4-CP was higher in acid solution than that of in neutral or alkalinesolution. Addition of activated carbon could make 4-CP easier be degraded by the surface contact catalysis. Thedissolved oxygen in solution could take part in the electrode reaction and intensify the degradation of 4-CP. By theanalysis of intermediates of degradation of 4-CP, it could be conferred that 4-CP was broken through the bondbeside hydroxy firstly, then the bond beside chloride was broken and the chloride was dechlorinated simultaneously.Most intermediate products were glycerine, ethane diacid and acetic acid, while very few 1,4-butanedial andalcohols were found.
Neutrinos as a probe of CP-violation and leptogenesis
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Silvia Pascoli
2006-10-01
Establishing CP-violation in the lepton sector is one of the most challenging future tasks in neutrino physics. The lepton mixing matrix contains one Dirac phase and, if neutrinos are Majorana particles, two additional CP-violating phases. I will review the main theoretical aspects of CP-violation in the lepton sector. Then, I will present the strategies for determining the Dirac and the Majorana CP-violating phases in long-baseline and neutrinoless double beta decay experiments, respectively. Leptonic CP-violation has received recently a lot of attention as it might be at the origin of the baryon asymmetry of the Universe. Within the context of the see-saw mechanism, I will discuss the possible connection between the CP-violating phases measurable at low energy with the ones entering in leptogenesis.
Exploring the CP-violating NMSSM: EDM Constraints and Phenomenology
King, S F; Nevzorov, R; Walz, K
2015-01-01
The Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (NMSSM) features extra new sources for CP violation. In contrast to the MSSM CP violation can already occur at tree level in the Higgs sector. We investigate the range of possible allowed CP-violating phases by taking into account the constraints arising from the measurements of the Electric Dipole Moments (EDMs) and the latest LHC Higgs data. Our analysis shows that large CP-violating phases, that are NMSSM-specific, are not in conflict with the EDMs. They are dominantly constrained by the Higgs data in this case. We use our results to investigate the prospects of measuring CP violation through the combined measurement of Higgs rates, on the one hand, and in observables based on CP-violating Higgs couplings to tau leptons on the other hand.
Exploring the CP-violating NMSSM: EDM constraints and phenomenology
King, S. F.; Mühlleitner, M.; Nevzorov, R.; Walz, K.
2015-12-01
The Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (NMSSM) features extra new sources for CP violation. In contrast to the MSSM CP violation can already occur at tree level in the Higgs sector. We investigate the range of possible allowed CP-violating phases by taking into account the constraints arising from the measurements of the Electric Dipole Moments (EDMs) and the latest LHC Higgs data. Our analysis shows that large CP-violating phases, that are NMSSM-specific, are not in conflict with the EDMs. They are dominantly constrained by the Higgs data in this case. We use our results to investigate the prospects of measuring CP violation through the combined measurement of Higgs rates, on the one hand, and in observables based on CP-violating Higgs couplings to tau leptons on the other hand.
Direct CP violation in hadronic B decays
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
HONG; Bihai
2006-01-01
[1]Aubert B,Barate R,Boutigny D,et al.Direct CP violating asymmetry in B0 → K+π-decays.Phys Rev Lett,2004,93,131801[2]Abe K,Adachi I,Aihara H,et al.Observation of large CP violation and evidence for direct CP violation in B0 → K+π-decays.Phys Rev Lett,2004,93:021601[3]Bauer M,Stech B,Wirbel M.Exclusive semileptonic decays of heavy mesons.Z Phys C,1985,29:637-642[4]Bauer M,Stech B,Wirbel M.Exclusive nonleptonic decays of D,DS,and B mesons.Z Phys C,1987,34:103-115[5]Ali A,Kramer G,Lu C D.Experimental tests of factorization in charmless non-leptonic two-body B decays.Phys Rev D,1998,58:094009[6]Lu C D.Charmless non-leptonic two-body B decays in factorization approach.Nucl Phys Proc Supp,1999,74:227-230[7]Cheng H Y.Nonfactorizable contributions to nonleptonic weak decays of heavy mesons.Phys Lett B,1994,335:428-435[8]Cheng H Y Z.Hadronic weak decays of heavy mesons and nonfactorization.Phys Lett C,1996,69:647-654[9]Beneke M,Buchalla G,Neubert M,Sachrajda C T.QCD factorization for B0 → K+π-decays:Strong phases and CP violation in the heavy quark limit.Phys Rev Lett,1999,83:1914-1917[10]Beneke M,Buchalla G,Neubert M,Sachrajda C T.QCD factorization for exclusive,nonleptonic B meson decays:General arguments and the case of heavy light final states.Nucl Phys B,2000,591:313-418[11]Lapage G P,Brodsky S J.Exclusive processes in quantum chromodynamics:evolution equations for hadronic wave functions and the form-factors of mesons.Phys Lett B,1979,87:359-365[12]Lapage G P,Brodsky S J.Exclusive processes in perturbative quantum chromodynamics.Phys Rev D,1980,22:2157-2198[13]Huang C S.Phys Energ Fortis Et Phys Nucl,1980,4:761[14]Cao F G,Dai Y B,Huang C S.Twist-three contribution to the pion electromagnetic form-factor.Eur Phys J C,1999,11:501-506[15]Botts J,Sterman G,Hard elastic scattering in QCD:Leading behavior.Nucl Phys B,1989,325:62-100[16]Li H N,Sterman G.The perturbative pion form-factor with Sudakov suppression.Nucl Phys B,1992,381:129-140[17]Li H N,Yu H L
Classical Illustrations of CP Violation in Kaon Decays
Rosner, Jonathan L; Rosner, Jonathan L.; Slezak, Scott A.
2001-01-01
It is easy to construct classical 2-state systems illustrating the behavior of the short-lived and long-lived neutral $K$ mesons in the limit of CP conservation. The emulation of CP violation is more tricky, but is provided by the two-dimensional motion of a Foucault pendulum. Analogies are drawn between the pendulum and observables in neutral kaon decays. An emulation of CP- and CPT-violation using electric circuits is also discussed.
Mammalian Non-CpG Methylation: Stem Cells and Beyond
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sara E. Pinney
2014-11-01
Full Text Available Although CpG dinucleotides remain the primary site for DNA methylation in mammals, there is emerging evidence that DNA methylation at non-CpG sites (CpA, CpT and CpC is not only present in mammalian cells, but may play a unique role in the regulation of gene expression. For some time it has been known that non-CpG methylation is abundant in plants and present in mammalian embryonic stem cells, but non-CpG methylation was thought to be lost upon cell differentiation. However, recent publications have described a role for non-CpG methylation in adult mammalian somatic cells including the adult mammalian brain, skeletal muscle, and hematopoietic cells and new interest in this field has been stimulated by the availability of high throughput sequencing techniques that can accurately measure this epigenetic modification. Genome wide assays indicate that non-CpG methylation is negligible in human fetal brain, but abundant in human adult brain tissue. Genome wide measurement of non-CpG methylation coupled with RNA-Sequencing indicates that in the human adult brain non-CpG methylation levels are inversely proportional to the abundance of mRNA transcript at the associated gene. Additionally specific examples where alterations in non-CpG methylation lead to changes in gene expression have been described; in PGC1α in human skeletal muscle, IFN-γ in human T-cells and SYT11 in human brain, all of which contribute to the development of human disease.
CP Violation in B Meson Decays: Experimental Results
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lanceri, Livio; /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste
2005-08-30
CP violation is intimately connected with the puzzle of matter-antimatter asymmetry and baryogenesis. In the Standard Model of particle physics, the observed CP violation phenomena are accounted for by the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism involving a phase in the quark mixing matrix. This paper is devoted to a review of the experimental status of CP violation in the decays of B mesons.
Friction factor of CP aluminium and aluminium–zinc alloys
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
N Vidhya Sagar; K S Anand; A C Mithun; K Srinivasan
2006-12-01
Friction factor has been determined for CP aluminium and aluminium–zinc alloys using ring compression test at different temperatures from 303 K to 773 K. It is found that CP aluminium exhibits sticking whereas Al–Zn alloys do not exhibit sticking at elevated temperatures. Hot working of Al–Zn alloy is easier than that of CP aluminium at 773 K. As zinc content increases up to 10 wt% the friction factor decreases up to 0.02.
Studies of charm mixing and CP violation at LHCb
Göbel Carla
2014-01-01
Recent results on mixing and CP violation in charm decays are presented, based on an integrated luminosity of 1 fb 1 from pp -collision data taken at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV with the LHCb detector. The hypothesis of no mixing in the D 0 ̄ D 0 system is excluded with a significance of 9 : 1 s . Direct CP violation searches are reported in different modes. No indication of CP violation in charm is found.
CP and CPT tests with the KLOE detector
Ambrosino, F; Antonelli, M; Bacci, C; Beltrame, P; Bencivenni, G; Bertolucci, Sergio; Bini, C; Bloise, C; Bocci, V; Bossi, F; Bowring, D; Branchini, P; Caloi, R; Campana, P; Capon, G; Capussela, T; Cera, F; Chi, S; Chiefari, G; Ciambrone, P; Conetti, S; De Lucia, E; De Santis, A; De Simone, P; De Zorzi, G; Dell'Agnello, S; Denig, A; Di Domenico, A; Di Donato, C; Di Falco, S; Di Micco, B; Doria, A; Dreucci, M; Fe, G; Ferrari, A; Ferrer, M L; Finocchiaro, G; Fiore, S; Forti, C; Franzini, P; Gatti, C; Gauzzi, P; Giovannella, S; Gorini, E; Graziani, E; Incagli, M; Kluge, W; Kulikov, V; Lacava, F; Lanfranchi, G; Lee-Franzini, J; Leone, D; Martini, M; Massarotti, P; Mei, W; Meola, S; Miscetti, S; Moulson, M; Müller, S; Murtas, F; Napolitano, M; Nguyen, F; Palutan, M; Pasqualucci, E; Passeri, A; Patera, V; Perfetto, F; Pontecorvo, L; Primavera, M; San, P; Santovetti, E; Saracino, G; Sciascia, B; Sciubba, A; Scuri, F; Sfiligoi, I; Spadaro, T; Testa, M; Tortora, L; Valente, P; Valeriani, B; Venanzoni, G; Veneziano, Stefano; Ventura, A; Versaci, R; Xu, G
2006-01-01
Neutral kaons provide one of the most sensitive system to CP and CPT violation. Tests on CP, CPT and quantum mechanics have been performed at KLOE operating at the DAFNE e+e- collider. Results on the quantum interference in the channel phi-> KSKL ->pi+pi-pi+pi-, the measurement of the BR(KL ->pi+pi-) and the related CP violating parameter epsilon are presented. Using the Bell-Steinberger relation, CPT violating parameters have been also obtained
Genetic modifiers of MeCP2 function in Drosophila.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Holly N Cukier
2008-09-01
Full Text Available The levels of methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2 are critical for normal post-natal development and function of the nervous system. Loss of function of MeCP2, a transcriptional regulator involved in chromatin remodeling, causes classic Rett syndrome (RTT as well as other related conditions characterized by autism, learning disabilities, or mental retardation. Increased dosage of MeCP2 also leads to clinically similar neurological disorders and mental retardation. To identify molecular mechanisms capable of compensating for altered MeCP2 levels, we generated transgenic Drosophila overexpressing human MeCP2. We find that MeCP2 associates with chromatin and is phosphorylated at serine 423 in Drosophila, as is found in mammals. MeCP2 overexpression leads to anatomical (i.e., disorganized eyes, ectopic wing veins and behavioral (i.e., motor dysfunction abnormalities. We used a candidate gene approach to identify genes that are able to compensate for abnormal phenotypes caused by MeCP2 increased activity. These genetic modifiers include other chromatin remodeling genes (Additional sex combs, corto, osa, Sex combs on midleg, and trithorax, the kinase tricornered, the UBE3A target pebble, and Drosophila homologues of the MeCP2 physical interactors Sin3a, REST, and N-CoR. These findings demonstrate that anatomical and behavioral phenotypes caused by MeCP2 activity can be ameliorated by altering other factors that might be more amenable to manipulation than MeCP2 itself.
The study of lepton EDM in CP violating BLMSSM
Zhao, Shu-Min; Feng, Tai-Fu; Zhan, Xi-Jie; Zhang, Hai-Bin; Yan, Ben
2015-07-01
In the supersymmetric model with local gauged baryon and lepton numbers (BLMSSM), the CP violating effects are considered to study the lepton electric dipole moment (EDM). The CP violating phases in BLMSSM are more than those in the standard model (SM) and can give large contributions. The analysis of the EDMs for the leptons e, μ, τ is shown in this work. It is in favour of exploring the source of CP violation and probing the physics beyond SM.
‘CP 06-2425’ (Reg. No. _____; PI 678574), ‘CP 06-2495’ (Reg. No. _____; PI 678575), ‘CP 06-2964’ (Reg. No. _____; PI 678576), ‘CP 06-3103’ (Reg. No. _____; PI 678577), and ‘CP 07-1313’ (Reg. No. _____; PI 678578) sugarcane (a complex hybrid of Saccharum spp.) were released in June 2015 to be cultiva...
Inverse neutrinoless double-beta decay in gauge theories with CP violation
Gluza, J; Gluza, J; Zralek, M
1995-01-01
We investigate the reactions e^-e^- \\rightarrow W_i^-W_j^- for various gauge bosons production processes in the frame of the standard model with additional right-handed neutrinos and the Left-Right symmetric model. The present bounds on the various model parameters are taken into account. The question of the cross section behaviour for large energy and the CP violation problems are discussed.
Investigation of Inclusive CP Asymmetries in B$^{0}$ Decays
Barate, R; Ghez, P; Goy, C; Lees, J P; Merle, E; Minard, M N; Pietrzyk, B; Bravo, S; Casado, M P; Chmeissani, M; Crespo, J M; Fernández, E; Fernández-Bosman, M; Garrido, L; Graugès-Pous, E; Martínez, M; Merino, G; Miquel, R; Mir, L M; Pacheco, A; Ruiz, H; Colaleo, A; Creanza, D; De Palma, M; Iaselli, Giuseppe; Maggi, G; Maggi, M; Nuzzo, S; Ranieri, A; Raso, G; Ruggieri, F; Selvaggi, G; Silvestris, L; Tempesta, P; Tricomi, A; Zito, G; Huang, X; Lin, J; Ouyang, Q; Wang, T; Xie, Y; Xu, R; Xue, S; Zhang, J; Zhang, L; Zhao, W; Abbaneo, D; Boix, G; Buchmüller, O L; Cattaneo, M; Cerutti, F; Dissertori, G; Drevermann, H; Forty, Roger W; Frank, M; Greening, T C; Hansen, J B; Harvey, J; Janot, P; Jost, B; Lehraus, Ivan; Mato, P; Minten, Adolf G; Moutoussi, A; Ranjard, F; Rolandi, Luigi; Schlatter, W D; Schmitt, M; Schneider, O; Spagnolo, P; Tejessy, W; Teubert, F; Tournefier, E; Wright, A E; Ajaltouni, Ziad J; Badaud, F; Chazelle, G; Deschamps, O; Falvard, A; Gay, P; Guicheney, C; Henrard, P; Jousset, J; Michel, B; Monteil, S; Montret, J C; Pallin, D; Perret, P; Podlyski, F; Hansen, J D; Hansen, J R; Hansen, P H; Nilsson, B S; Petersen, B; Wäänänen, A; Daskalakis, G; Kyriakis, A; Markou, C; Simopoulou, Errietta; Vayaki, Anna; Blondel, A; Bonneaud, G R; Brient, J C; Rougé, A; Rumpf, M; Swynghedauw, M; Verderi, M; Videau, H L; Focardi, E; Parrini, G; Zachariadou, K; Antonelli, A; Antonelli, M; Bencivenni, G; Bologna, G; Bossi, F; Campana, P; Capon, G; Chiarella, V; Laurelli, P; Mannocchi, G; Murtas, F; Murtas, G P; Passalacqua, L; Pepé-Altarelli, M; Halley, A W; Lynch, J G; Negus, P; O'Shea, V; Raine, C; Teixeira-Dias, P; Thompson, A S; Cavanaugh, R J; Dhamotharan, S; Geweniger, C; Hanke, P; Hansper, G; Hepp, V; Kluge, E E; Putzer, A; Sommer, J; Tittel, K; Werner, S; Wunsch, M; Beuselinck, R; Binnie, David M; Cameron, W; Dornan, Peter J; Girone, M; Marinelli, N; Sedgbeer, J K; Thompson, J C; Thomson, E; Ghete, V M; Girtler, P; Kneringer, E; Kuhn, D; Rudolph, G; Bowdery, C K; Buck, P G; Finch, A J; Foster, F; Hughes, G; Jones, R W L; Robertson, N A; Giehl, I; Jakobs, K; Kleinknecht, K; Quast, G; Renk, B; Rohne, E; Sander, H G; Wachsmuth, H W; Zeitnitz, C; Bonissent, A; Carr, J; Coyle, P; Leroy, O; Payre, P; Rousseau, D; Talby, M; Aleppo, M; Ragusa, F; Dietl, H; Ganis, G; Heister, A; Hüttmann, K; Lütjens, G; Mannert, C; Männer, W; Moser, H G; Schael, S; Settles, Ronald; Stenzel, H; Wiedenmann, W; Wolf, G; Azzurri, P; Boucrot, J; Callot, O; Chen, S; Cordier, A; Davier, M; Duflot, L; Grivaz, J F; Heusse, P; Jacholkowska, A; Le Diberder, F R; Lefrançois, J; Lutz, A M; Schune, M H; Veillet, J J; Videau, I; Yuan, C; Zerwas, D; Bagliesi, G; Boccali, T; Calderini, G; Ciulli, V; Foà, L; Giassi, A; Ligabue, F; Messineo, A; Palla, Fabrizio; Rizzo, G; Sanguinetti, G; Sciabà, A; Sguazzoni, G; Tenchini, Roberto; Venturi, A; Verdini, P G; Blair, G A; Cowan, G D; Green, M G; Medcalf, T; Strong, J A; Von Wimmersperg-Töller, J H; Clifft, R W; Edgecock, T R; Norton, P R; Tomalin, I R; Bloch-Devaux, B; Colas, P; Emery, S; Kozanecki, Witold; Lançon, E; Lemaire, M C; Locci, E; Pérez, P; Rander, J; Renardy, J F; Roussarie, A; Schuller, J P; Schwindling, J; Trabelsi, A; Vallage, B; Black, S N; Dann, J H; Johnson, R P; Kim, H Y; Konstantinidis, N P; Litke, A M; McNeil, M A; Taylor, G; Booth, C N; Cartwright, S L; Combley, F; Lehto, M H; Thompson, L F; Affholderbach, K; Böhrer, A; Brandt, S; Grupen, Claus; Misiejuk, A; Prange, G; Sieler, U; Giannini, G; Gobbo, B; Rothberg, J E; Wasserbaech, S R; Armstrong, S R; Cranmer, K; Elmer, P; Ferguson, D P S; Gao, Y; González, S; Hayes, O J; Hu, H; Jin, S; Kile, J; McNamara, P A; Nielsen, J; Orejudos, W; Pan, Y B; Saadi, Y; Scott, I J; Walsh, J; Wu Sau Lan; Wu, X; Zobernig, G
2001-01-01
A search for CP violating effects in the mixing of neutral B mesons is performed using a sample of 4.1 million hadronic Z decays collected with the ALEPH detector from 1991 to 1995. By studying time-dependent asymmetries in flavour-tagged samples of semileptonic and fully inclusive b-hadron decays, two measurements of the semileptonic asymmetry a_cp are extracted. No evidence for CP violation is observed, and the combined value a_cp = -0.013 +- 0.026 is obtained.
Search for CP violation in baryon decays at LHCb
CERN. Geneva
2016-01-01
The phenomenon of CP violation has been observed in the K- and B-meson systems, but not yet with any baryonic particle. We report on searches for CP violation in baryon decays at LHCb using Run I data. We find evidence for CP violation in Lambda0b -> p pi- pi+ pi- decays with a statistical significance corresponding to 3.3 standard deviations, including systematic uncertainties. This represents the first evidence of CP violation in the baryon sector. An overview of other recent results of baryon decays will be presented, along with some highlights of the charmless B-decay programme.
Frequency Constrained ShiftCP Modeling of Neuroimaging Data
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mørup, Morten; Hansen, Lars Kai; Madsen, Kristoffer H.
2011-01-01
The shift invariant multi-linear model based on the CandeComp/PARAFAC (CP) model denoted ShiftCP has proven useful for the modeling of latency changes in trial based neuroimaging data[17]. In order to facilitate component interpretation we presently extend the shiftCP model such that the extracted...... components can be constrained to pertain to predefined frequency ranges such as alpha, beta and gamma activity. To infer the number of components in the model we propose to apply automatic relevance determination by imposing priors that define the range of variation of each component of the shiftCP model...
Evidence for non-CpG methylation in mammals
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Yan, Jie; Zierath, Juleen R; Barres, Romain
2011-01-01
In mammals, the existence of cytosine methylation on non-CpG sequences is controversial. Here, we adapted a LuminoMetric-based Assay (LUMA) to determine global non-CpG methylation levels in rodent and human tissues. We observed that......In mammals, the existence of cytosine methylation on non-CpG sequences is controversial. Here, we adapted a LuminoMetric-based Assay (LUMA) to determine global non-CpG methylation levels in rodent and human tissues. We observed that...
Recent Results on CP Lifetime Differences of Neutral D Mesons
Kim, D Y
2001-01-01
The mixing parameter y_cp for the neutral D system can be obtained by comparing the lifetimes of CP eigenstate decays of the D mesons. Recent results on the lifetime differences from the Belle, CLEO, FOCUS(E831) experiments are summarized in this article. The neutral D decay modes analyzed by the experiments are: The D0->Kpi mode with the assumption that it is an equal mixture of CP even and odd eigenstates, and the CP even modes D0->KK and D0->pipi.
Measurements of direct CP violation in charm decays at LHCb
INSPIRE-00257861
2013-01-01
Two searches for direct CP violation in D 0 ! h h + (where h = K or ) are presented using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.0 fb 1 collected in 2011 by LHCb in pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV. One analysis uses D 0 mesons produced via a D resonance and the other analysis uses D 0 mesons originating from semileptonic b - decays. In the rst case the avour is tagged by the charge of the accompanying pion and in the latter by the muon charge. The dierence of the CP -violating asymmetries ( A CP = A CP ( K K + ) A CP ( + )) in the two decay channels is measured to be A CP (muon tagged) = (0 : 49 0 : 30 (stat) 0 : 14 (syst))% ; A CP (pion tagged) = ( 0 : 35 0 : 15 (stat) 0 : 10 (syst))% ; A CP (LHCb) = ( 0 : 15 0 : 16)% : These results do not conrm evidence for CP violation in the charm sector
Castiñeiras Pérez, Ignacio
2009-01-01
La programación con restricciones (del inglés Constraint Programming: CP) es una rama que lleva años estudiando problemas con una fuerte componente combinatoria. El esquema CP está basado en el planteamiento de restricciones, que pueden ser vistas como relaciones entre el dominio de ciertas variables. Cualquier esquema CP debe ser instanciado a un dominio D concreto, CP(D). Este dominio proporciona tipos de datos, un lenguaje de restricciones basadas en operaciones primitivas y un resolutor ...
Complementarity of LHC and EDMs for exploring Higgs CP violation
Chen, Chien-Yi; Dawson, S.; Zhang, Yue
2015-06-01
We analyze the constraints on a CP-violating, flavor conserving, two Higgs doublet model from the measurements of Higgs properties and from the search for heavy Higgs bosons at LHC, and show that the stronger limits typically come from the heavy Higgs search channels. The limits on CP violation arising from the Higgs sector measurements are complementary to those from EDM measurements. Combining all current constraints from low energy to colliders, we set generic upper bounds on the CP violating angle which parametrizes the CP odd component in the 126 GeV Higgs boson.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zhukovsky, K.; Borisov, A. [M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Department of Theoretical Physics, Faculty of Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation)
2016-11-15
The exponential parameterization of the Pontecorvo-Maki-Nakagawa-Sakata mixing matrix for neutrino is used for a comparative analysis of different neutrino mixing data. The U{sub PMNS} matrix is considered as the element of the SU(3) group and the second-order matrix polynomial is constructed for it. The inverse problem of constructing the logarithm of the mixing matrix is addressed. In this way the standard parameterization is exactly related to the exponential parameterization. The exponential form allows easy factorization and separate analysis of the rotation and the CP violation. With the most recent experimental data on neutrino mixing (May 2016), we calculate the values of the exponential parameterization matrix for neutrinos with account for the CP violation. The complementarity hypothesis for quarks and neutrinos is demonstrated to hold, despite a significant change in the neutrino mixing data. The values of the entries of the exponential mixing matrix are evaluated with account for the actual degree of the CP violation in neutrino mixing and without it. Various factorizations of the CP-violating term are investigated in the framework of the exponential parameterization. (orig.)
Progressive Adaptation of a CpGV Isolate to Codling Moth Populations Resistant to CpGV-M
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Benoît Graillot
2014-12-01
Full Text Available The NPP-R1 isolate of CpGV is able to replicate on CpGV-M-resistant codling moths. However, its efficacy is not sufficient to provide acceptable levels of control in natural (orchard conditions. A laboratory colony derived from resistant codling moths was established, which exhibited a homogeneous genetic background and a resistance level more than 7000 fold. By successive cycles of replication of NPP-R1 in this colony, we observed a progressive increase in efficacy. After 16 cycles (isolate 2016-r16, the efficacy of the virus isolate was equivalent to that of CpGV-M on susceptible insects. This isolate was able to control both CpGV-M-susceptible and CpGV-M-resistant insects with similar efficacy. No reduction in the levels of occlusion body production in susceptible larvae was observed for 2016-r16 compared to CpGV-M.
The Higgs boson mass constraint and the CP even-CP odd Higgs boson mixing in an MSSM extension
Ibrahim, Tarek; Zorik, Anas
2016-01-01
One loop contributions to the CP even-CP odd Higgs boson mixings arising from contributions due to exchange of a vectorlike multiplet are computed under the Higgs boson mass constraint. The vectorlike multiplet consists of a fourth generation of quarks and a mirror generation. This sector brings in new CP phases which can be large consistent with EDM constraints. In this work we compute the contributions from the exchange of quarks and mirror quarks $t_{4L}, t_{4R}, T_{L}, T_{R}$, and their scalar partners, the squarks and the mirror squarks. The effect of their contributions to the Higgs boson masses and mixings are computed and analyzed. The possibility of measuring the effects of mixing of CP even and CP odd Higgs in experiment is discussed. It is shown that the branching ratios of the Higgs bosons into fermion pairs are sensitive to new physics and specifically to CP phases.
Metal Atom Dynamics in Superbulky Metallocenes : A Comparison of (Cp-BIG)(2)Sn and (Cp-BIG)(2)Eu
Harder, Sjoerd; Naglav, Dominik; Schwerdtfeger, Peter; Nowik, Israel; Herber, Rolfe H.
2014-01-01
(Cp2Sn)-Sn-BIG (Cp-BIG = (4-n-Bu-C6H4)(5)cyclopentadienyl), prepared by reaction of 2 equiv of (CpNa)-Na-BIG with SnCl2, crystallized isomorphous to other known metallocenes with this ligand (Ca, Sr, Ba, Sm, Eu, Yb). Similarly, it shows perfect linearity, C-H center dot center dot center dot C(pi) b
Lattice QCD spectroscopy for hadronic CP violation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jordy de Vries
2017-03-01
In this work we propose a strategy to calculate these couplings by using spectroscopic lattice QCD techniques. Instead of directly calculating the pion–nucleon coupling constants, a challenging task, we use chiral symmetry relations that link the pion–nucleon couplings to nucleon sigma terms and mass splittings that are significantly easier to calculate. In this work, we show that these relations are reliable up to next-to-next-to-leading order in the chiral expansion in both SU(2 and SU(3 chiral perturbation theory. We conclude with a brief discussion about practical details regarding the required lattice QCD calculations and the phenomenological impact of an improved understanding of CP-violating matrix elements.
Heavy Quark Lifetimes, Mixing and CP Violation
Blaylock, G
2000-01-01
This paper emphasizes four topics that represent some of the year's highlights in heavy quark physics. First of all, a review is given of charm lifetime measurements and how they lead to better understanding of the mechanisms of charm decay. Secondly, the CLEO collaboration's new search for charm mixing is reported, which significantly extends the search for new physics in that sector. Thirdly, important updates in Bs mixing are summarized, which result in a new limit on the mass difference, and which further constrain the unitarity triangle. Finally, the first efforts to measure CP violation in the B system are discussed. Results are shown for the CDF and ALEPH measurements of sin(2beta), as well as the CLEO branching fraction measurements of B-->Kpi,pipi, which have implications for future measurements of alpha.
CP Violation in Kaon Decays (II)
Yamanaka, Taku
2014-01-01
Major progress has been made in kaon physics in the past 50 years. The number of KL->pi+pi- events has increased by 6 orders of magnitude, and the observed CP violation was experimentally proven to be caused by a complex phase in the CKM matrix. Recent kaon experiments are now searching for new physics beyond the standard model with the K->pi nu nu-bar decays. The branching ratio of K->pi nu nu-bar decays are 7-8 orders of magnitude smaller than the branching ratio of KL->pi+ pi-. This paper reviews the progress of kaon experiments in the US and Japan, and how the 6-7 orders of magnitude improvements were possible in the past 50 years.
Fabrication of an electronic package box of SiCP/Al composites with high volume SiCP
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CHU Ke; JIA Chengchang; YIN Fazhang; MEI Xuezhen; QU Xuanhui
2007-01-01
In this paper, a SiCP preform was prepared by Powder Injection Molding (PIM), and the melting aluminum was injected into the SiCP preform by the pressure infiltration method to manufacture an electronic package box of SiCP (65%)/Al composites. SiCP (65%)/Al composite prepared by pressure infiltration has full density and a homogeneous microstructure. The relative density of the composite is higher than 99%, the thermal expansion coefficient and thermal conductivity of the composite are 8.0×10-6/K and nearly 130 W/(m·K) at room temperature, respectively, which meet the requirements of electronic packaging.
Search for neutral Higgs bosons in CP-conserving and CP-violating MSSM scenarios
Abbiendi, G.; Akesson, P.F.; Alexander, G.; Allison, John; Amaral, P.; Anagnostou, G.; Anderson, K.J.; Asai, S.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.; Bailey, I.; Barberio, E.; Barillari, T.; Barlow, R.J.; Batley, R.J.; Bechtle, P.; Behnke, T.; Bell, Kenneth Watson; Bell, P.J.; Bella, G.; Bellerive, A.; Benelli, G.; Bethke, S.; Biebel, O.; Boeriu, O.; Bock, P.; Boutemeur, M.; Braibant, S.; Brigliadori, L.; Brown, Robert M.; Buesser, K.; Burckhart, H.J.; Campana, S.; Carnegie, R.K.; Carter, A.A.; Carter, J.R.; Chang, C.Y.; Charlton, D.G.; Ciocca, C.; Csilling, A.; Cuffiani, M.; Dado, S.; De Roeck, A.; De Wolf, E.A.; Desch, K.; Dienes, B.; Donkers, M.; Dubbert, J.; Duchovni, E.; Duckeck, G.; Duerdoth, I.P.; Etzion, E.; Fabbri, F.; Feld, L.; Ferrari, P.; Fiedler, F.; Fleck, I.; Ford, M.; Frey, A.; Gagnon, P.; Gary, John William; Gaycken, G.; Geich-Gimbel, C.; Giacomelli, G.; Giacomelli, P.; Giunta, Marina; Goldberg, J.; Gross, E.; Grunhaus, J.; Gruwe, M.; Gunther, P.O.; Gupta, A.; Hajdu, C.; Hamann, M.; Hanson, G.G.; Harel, A.; Hauschild, M.; Hawkes, C.M.; Hawkings, R.; Hemingway, R.J.; Herten, G.; Heuer, R.D.; Hill, J.C.; Hoffman, Kara Dion; Horvath, D.; Igo-Kemenes, P.; Ishii, K.; Jeremie, H.; Jovanovic, P.; Junk, T.R.; Kanaya, N.; Kanzaki, J.; Karlen, D.; Kawagoe, K.; Kawamoto, T.; Keeler, R.K.; Kellogg, R.G.; Kennedy, B.W.; Kluth, S.; Kobayashi, T.; Kobel, M.; Komamiya, S.; Kramer, T.; Krieger, P.; von Krogh, J.; Kruger, K.; Kuhl, T.; Kupper, M.; Lafferty, G.D.; Landsman, H.; Lanske, D.; Layter, J.G.; Lellouch, D.; Lettso, J.; Levinson, L.; Lillich, J.; Lloyd, S.L.; Loebinger, F.K.; Lu, J.; Ludwig, A.; Ludwig, J.; Mader, W.; Marcellini, S.; Martin, A.J.; Masetti, G.; Mashimo, T.; Mattig, Peter; McKenna, J.; McPherson, R.A.; Meijers, F.; Menges, W.; Merritt, F.S.; Mes, H.; Meyer, Niels T.; Michelini, A.; Mihara, S.; Mikenberg, G.; Miller, D.J.; Moed, S.; Mohr, W.; Mori, T.; Mutter, A.; Nagai, K.; Nakamura, I.; Nanjo, H.; Neal, H.A.; Nisius, R.; O'Neale, S.W.; Oh, A.; Oreglia, M.J.; Orito, S.; Pahl, C.; Pasztor, G.; Pater, J.R.; Pilcher, J.E.; Pinfold, J.; Plane, David E.; Poli, B.; Pooth, O.; Przybycien, M.; Quadt, A.; Rabbertz, K.; Rembser, C.; Renkel, P.; Roney, J.M.; Rozen, Y.; Runge, K.; Sachs, K.; Saeki, T.; Sarkisyan, E.K.G.; Schaile, A.D.; Schaile, O.; Scharff-Hansen, P.; Schieck, J.; Schorner-Sadenius, T.; Schroder, Matthias; Schumacher, M.; Scott, W.G.; Seuster, R.; Shears, T.G.; Shen, B.C.; Sherwood, P.; Skuja, A.; Smith, A.M.; Sobie, R.; Soldner-Rembold, S.; Spano, F.; Stahl, A.; Strom, David M.; Strohmer, R.; Tarem, S.; Tasevsky, M.; Teuscher, R.; Thomson, M.A.; Torrence, E.; Toya, D.; Tran, P.; Trigger, I.; Trocsanyi, Z.; Tsur, E.; Turner-Watson, M.F.; Ueda, I.; Ujvari, B.; Vollmer, C.F.; Vannerem, P.; Vertesi, R.; Verzocchi, M.; Voss, H.; Vossebeld, J.; Ward, C.P.; Ward, D.R.; Watkins, P.M.; Watson, A.T.; Watson, N.K.; Wells, P.S.; Wengler, T.; Wermes, N.; Wilson, G.W.; Wilson, J.A.; Wolf, G.; Wyatt, T.R.; Yamashita, S.; Zer-Zion, D.; Zivkovic, Lidija
2004-01-01
This report summarizes the final results from the OPAL collaboration on searches for neutral Higgs bosons predicted by the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). CP-conserving and for the first time at LEP CP-violating scenarios are studied. New scenarios are also included, which aim to set the stage for Higgs searches at future colliders. The results are based on the data collected with the OPAL detector at e+e- centre-of-mass energies up to 209 GeV. The data are consistent with the prediction of the Standard Model with no Higgs boson produced. Model-independent limits are derived for the cross-section of a number of events topologies motivated by prediction of the MSSM. Limits on Higgs boson masses and other MSSM parameters are obtained for a number of representative MSSM benchmark scenarios. For example, in the CP-conserving scenario mh-max where the MSSM parameters are adjusted to predict the largest range of values for mh at each tan beta, and for a top quark mass of 174.3 GeV, the domain 0.784.5 ...
不动点集为CP1(2m) ∪CP2(2m) ∪CP(2n+1)的对合%Involutions Fixing CP1(2m) ∪ CP2(2m) ∪ CP(2n + 1)
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
赵素倩; 杨林广
2015-01-01
设(Mr,T)是一个带有光滑对合T的r维光滑闭流形,对合的不动点集为CP1(2m)∪ CP2(2m)∪CP(2n+1)(m≥1),其中CP(n)表示n维复射影空间.证明了当r＞4m+ 4n+4时,对合(Mr,T)存在且协边.
CP violation: the past, the present and the future
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
A I Sanda
2000-07-01
We have just entered a period during which we expect considerable progress toward understanding CP violation. Here we review what we have learnt so far, and what is to be expected in the near future. To do this we cover the foundation of CP violation at a level which can be understood by physicists who are not working in this ﬁeld.
CP violation in the radiative dileptonic B-meson decays
Erkol, G; Turan, G
2002-01-01
We investigate the CP violating asymmetry, the forward-backward asymmetry and the CP violating asymmetry in the forward-backward asymmetry for the radiative dileptonic B-meson decays B-d --> gammal(+)l(-) for the f = e, mu, tau channels. It is observed that these asymmetries are quite sizable and B-
Bell inequality and CP violation in the neutral kaon system
Bertlmann, Reinhold A; Hiesmayr, B C
2001-01-01
For the entangled neutral kaon system we formulate a Bell inequality sensitive to CP violation in mixing. Via this Bell inequality we obtain a bound on the leptonic CP asymmetry which is violated by experimental data. Furthermore, we connect the Bell inequality with a decoherence approach and find a lower bound on the decoherence parameter which practically corresponds to Furry's hypothesis.
Evaluation of CP shape correction for e-beam writing
Takizawa, Masahiro; Bunya, Keita; Isobe, Hideaki; Komami, Hideaki; Abe, Kenji; Kurokawa, Masaki; Yamada, Akio; Sakamoto, Kiichi; Nakamura, Takayuki; Kuwano, Kazusumi; Tateishi, Masahiro; Chau, Larry
2012-11-01
Character projection (CP) exposure has some advantages compared with variable shaped beam (VSB) system; (1) shot count reduction by printing complex patterns in one e-beam shot, (2) high pattern fidelity by using CP stencil. In this paper we address another advantage of CP exposure, namely the shape correction of CP stencil for cancelling the pattern deformation on the substrate. The deformation of CP printings is decomposed into some elements. They are CP stencil manufacturing error, proximity effect, beam blur of the e-beam writer and resist blur. The element caused by beam blur of e-beam writer can be predicted by measuring the total beam blur obtained from CD-dose curves. The pattern deformation was corrected by applying the shape correction software system of D2S. The corrected CP stencil of 22nm-node standard cell was manufactured and standard cell patterns were exposed. We confirmed that our shape correction method is the appropriate solution for correcting deformation issue of CP openings. The beam blur required for the 1X nm dimensions was predicted from the exposure results of standard cell patterns with applying shape correction and CD-dose curves. We simulated the optical system to realize the required beam blur. As a result, the next electron optics has the resolving capability of 1X nm dimension.
On the determination of the CP of the Higgs boson
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Skjold, A.
1995-12-31
While the Higgs particle of the Standard Models is a Cp-even scalar particle, extended models may contain Higgs particles that are odd under CP, and also models invoking Higgs-like particles which are not eigenstates of CP may be considered. In the context of Higgs production via the Bjorken process and Higgs decay to tour fermions distributions that are sensitive to the CP parity are discussed. The author also discuss observables which may demonstrate presence of CP violation and identify a phase shift {delta} which is a measure of the strength of CP violation in the Higgs-vector-vector coupling, and which can be measured directly in the relevant distribution. In the case of Higgs production via the Bjorken process at a future e{sup +}e{sup -}collider, Monte Carlo data on the expected efficiency is presented, and it is concluded that it is relatively easy to determine whether the produced particle is even or odd under CP. However, observation of any CP violation would require a very large amount of data. It is argued that the analogous prospects at LEP2 or at a future hadron collider like the LHC seem to be less promising. 63 refs.
BOOK REVIEW: Discrete Symmetries and CP Violation: From Experiment to Theory (Oxford Graduate Texts)
Fösel, A.
2009-03-01
Discrete Symmetries and CP Violation: From Experiment to Theory by Marco Sozzi discusses C(harge conjugation), P(arity) and T(ime reversal) discrete symmetries and of course CP symmetry in microscopic (atomic, nuclear and particle) physics. It includes a detailed description of key or representative experiments, and major achievements and recent developments are also mentioned. Though lots of excellent textbooks already exist which cover the basics of discrete symmetries and CP violation in theory and experiment, Sozzi has fully achieved the goal of presenting a book that describes the basics of this subject in detail, from an experimental point of view as well as from theory. He also succeeds in finding links between experiments and theory, leading to a better understanding of the subject. Besides, as an experimentalist, discrete symmetries and CP violation appear to the author as ideal subjects to convey the depth and excitement of experimental `beautiful' physics, which Marco S Sozzi - in my opinion - has managed to do brilliantly. Though mainly addressed to graduate students, the book may also be useful to undergraduates (by skipping some of the more advanced sections and utilizing the brief introduction to some topics in the appendices) and to young researchers looking for a wider modern overview of the issues related to CP symmetry. At the end of each chapter, further reading sections are conveniently provided for the reader to find relevant literature for further studies. Problems to solve at the end of each chapter act as 'little tests'. Unfortunately, their solutions are currently absent: perhaps a publication that includes them is planned in the near future. To conclude, the book succeeds in being a complete and self-consistent text describing in up-to-date detail the investigation of discrete symmetries in sub-atomic physics. It also emphasizes the concepts and ingenuity behind many delicate, careful, and by all means 'beautiful' experiments.
Metal atom dynamics in superbulky metallocenes: a comparison of (Cp(BIG))2Sn and (Cp(BIG))2Eu.
Harder, Sjoerd; Naglav, Dominik; Schwerdtfeger, Peter; Nowik, Israel; Herber, Rolfe H
2014-02-17
Cp(BIG)2Sn (Cp(BIG) = (4-n-Bu-C6H4)5cyclopentadienyl), prepared by reaction of 2 equiv of Cp(BIG)Na with SnCl2, crystallized isomorphous to other known metallocenes with this ligand (Ca, Sr, Ba, Sm, Eu, Yb). Similarly, it shows perfect linearity, C-H···C(π) bonding between the Cp(BIG) rings and out-of-plane bending of the aryl substituents toward the metal. Whereas all other Cp(BIG)2M complexes show large disorder in the metal position, the Sn atom in Cp(BIG)2Sn is perfectly ordered. In contrast, (119)Sn and (151)Eu Mößbauer investigations on the corresponding Cp(BIG)2M metallocenes show that Sn(II) is more dynamic and loosely bound than Eu(II). The large displacement factors in the group 2 and especially in the lanthanide(II) metallocenes Cp(BIG)2M can be explained by static metal disorder in a plane parallel to the Cp(BIG) rings. Despite parallel Cp(BIG) rings, these metallocenes have a nonlinear Cpcenter-M-Cpcenter geometry. This is explained by an ionic model in which metal atoms are polarized by the negatively charged Cp rings. The extent of nonlinearity is in line with trends found in M(2+) ion polarizabilities. The range of known calculated dipole polarizabilities at the Douglas-Kroll CCSD(T) level was extended with values (atomic units) for Sn(2+) 15.35, Sm(2+)(4f(6) (7)F) 9.82, Eu(2+)(4f(7) (8)S) 8.99, and Yb(2+)(4f(14) (1)S) 6.55. This polarizability model cannot be applied to predominantly covalently bound Cp(BIG)2Sn, which shows a perfectly ordered structure. The bent geometry of Cp*2Sn should therefore not be explained by metal polarizability but is due to van der Waals Cp*···Cp* attraction and (to some extent) to a small p-character component in the Sn lone pair.
Search for CP violation in $D^{0}$ and $D^{+}$ decays
Link, J M; Anjos, J C; Arena, V; Bediaga, I; Bianco, S; Boca, G; Bonomi, G; Boschini, M; Brambilla, D; Butler, J N; Caccianiga, B; Calandrino, A; Carrillo, S; Casimiro, E; Cawlfield, C; Cheung, H W K; Cho, K; Chung, Y S; Cinquini, L; Copty, N K; Cumalat, J P; D'Angelo, P; Davenport, T F; De Miranda, J M; Di Corato, M; Dini, P; Dos Reis, A C; Engh, D; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Gaines, I; Garbincius, P H; Gardner, R; Garren, L A; Giammarchi, M G; Gianini, G; Gottschalk, E E; Gourlay, S A; Göbel, C; Handler, T; Hernández, H; Hosack, M; Inzani, P; Johns, W E; Kang, J S; Kasper, P H; Kim, D Y; Ko, B R; Kreymer, A E; Kutschke, R; Kwak, J W; Kwon, Y; Lee, K B; Leveraro, F; Liguori, G; López, A M; Magnin, J; Malvezzi, S; Menasce, D; Méndez, H; Méndez, L; Merlo, M; Mezzadri, M; Milazzo, L; Mirles, M A; Montiel, E; Moroni, L; Myung, S S; Nehring, M S; O'Reilly, B; Olaya, D; Pantea, D; Paolone, V S; Park, H; Park, K S; Pedrini, D; Pepe, I M; Prelz, F; Purohit, M; Quinones, J; Rahimi, A; Ramírez, J E; Ratti, S P; Reyes, M; Riccardi, C; Rivera, C; Rovere, M; Sala, A; Sala, S; Sales, M; Sarwar, S; Sheaff, M; Sheldon, P D; Simão, F R A; Stenson, K; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Torre, P; Uribe, C; Vaandering, E W; Vázquez, F; Viola, L; Vitulo, P; Webster, M S; Wilson, J R; Wiss, J; Yager, P M; Zallo, A; Zhang, Y
2000-01-01
A high statistics sample of photoproduced charm particles from the FOCUS (E831) experiment at Fermilab has been used to search for CP violation in the Cabibbo suppressed decay modes D+ to K-K+pi+, D0 to K-K+ and D0 to pi-pi+. We have measured the following CP asymmetry parameters: A_CP(K-K+pi+) = +0.006 +/- 0.011 +/- 0.005, A_CP(K-K+) = -0.001 +/- 0.022 +/- 0.015 and A_CP(pi-pi+) = +0.048 +/- 0.039 +/- 0.025 where the first error is statistical and the second error is systematic. These asymmetries are consistent with zero with smaller errors than previous measurements.
On the energy crisis in noncommutative CP(1) model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sourrouille, Lucas, E-mail: sourrou@df.uba.a [Departamento de Fisica, FCEyN, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Pab.1, Ciudad Universitaria, 1428, Ciudad de Buenos Aires (Argentina)
2010-08-01
We study the CP(1) system in (2+1)-dimensional noncommutative space with and without Chern-Simons term. Using the Seiberg-Witten map we convert the noncommutative CP(1) system to an action written in terms of the commutative fields. We find that this system presents the same infinite size instanton solution as the commutative Chern-Simons-CP(1) model without a potential term. Based on this result we argue that the BPS equations are compatible with the full variational equations of motion, rejecting the hypothesis of an 'energy crisis'. In addition we examine the noncommutative CP(1) system with a Chern-Simons interaction. In this case we find that when the theory is transformed by the Seiberg-Witten map it also presents the same instanton solution as the commutative Chern-Simons-CP(1) model.
On the energy crisis in noncommutative CP(1) model
Sourrouille, Lucas
2010-01-01
We study the CP(1) system in (2+1)-dimensional noncommutative space with and without Chern-Simons term. Using the Seiberg-Witten map we convert the noncommutative CP(1) system to an action written in terms of the commutative fields. We find that this system presents the same infinite size intanton solution as the commutative Chern-Simons-CP(1) model without a potential term. Based in this result we argue that the BPS equations are compatible with a full variational equations of motion, rejecting the hypothesis of an "energy crisis". In addition we examine the noncommutative CP(1) system with a Chern-Siminos interaction. In this case we find that when the theory is transformed by the Seiberg-Witten map it present also the same instanton solution as the commutative Chern-Simons-CP(1) model.
Study of CP violation in $\\Lambda_c^+$ decay
Kang, Xian-Wei; Lu, Gong-Ru; Datta, Alakabha
2010-01-01
In this paper, we study CP violation in $\\Lambda_c^+\\to BP$ and $\\Lambda_c^+\\to BV$ decay modes, where B,P and V denote a light spin-1/2 baryon, pseudoscalar and a vector meson respectively. In these processes the T odd CP violating triple-product correlations are examined and the genuine CP violating observables which are composed of the helicity amplitudes occurring in the angular distribution are constructed. Experimentally, by performing a full angular analysis it is shown how one may extract the helicity amplitudes feasibly and then obtain the triple-product CP violating signals. Finally, we discuss how BES-III and Super $\\tau$-Charm experiments will be sensitive to these CP violating signals in $\\Lambda_c^+$ decays.
Kinetics and Mechanism of the Hydrogenation of CpCr(CO)3•/[CpCr(CO)3]2 Equilibrium to CpCr(CO)3H
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Norton, Jack R.; Spataru, Tudor; Camaioni, Donald M.; Lee, Suh-Jane; Li, Gang; Choi, Jongwook; Franz, James A.
2014-05-26
The kinetics of the hydrogenation of 2 CpCr(CO)3•/[CpCr(CO)3]2 to CpCr(CO)3H has been investigated. The reaction is second-order in Cr and first-order in H2, with a rate constant of 45 M 2s 1 at 25 °C in benzene. DFT calculations rule out an H2 complex as an intermediate, and suggest (a) end-on approach of H2 to one Cr of [CpCr(CO)3]2 as the Cr-Cr bond undergoes heterolytic cleavage, (b) heterolytic cleavage of the coordinated H2 between O and Cr, and (c) isomerization of the resulting O-protonated CpCr(CO)2(COH) to CpCr(CO)3H. The work at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences and Biosciences; Battelle operates PNNL for DOE.
Cardiovascular disease in the JCR:LA-cp rat.
Russell, J C; Graham, S E; Richardson, M
1998-11-01
The JCR:LA-cp rat is one of a number of strains that carry the mutant autosomal recessive cp gene. Animals, of all strains, that are homozygous, for the gene (cp/cp) become obese, insulin resistant, and hypertriglyceridemic. Heterozygotes or homozygous normal rats (+/+) are lean and metabolically normal. The JCR:LA-cp rat is unique in the development of a frank vasculopathy with atherosclerotic lesions and associated ischemic myocardial lesions. The cardiovascular disease is strongly correlated with the hyperinsulinemia, which develops as the animals mature from 4 to 8 weeks of age. The hyperinsulinemia can be decreased by marked food restriction, ethanol consumption, or reduction of the postprandial glucose and insulin responses through the use of alpha-glucosidase inhibitors. Any treatment that reduces plasma insulin levels is associated with a reduction in cardiovascular disease. In contrast, a reduction in plasma triglyceride concentrations, alone, has no effect on end-stage lesions. JCR:LA-cp rats, particularly those that are cp/cp, are, however, sensitive to cholesterol in the diet, unlike other strains that are highly resistant. Further, the rats have abnormal vascular smooth muscle cells that, especially in the cp/cp animals, are hyperplastic and activated and migrate into the intimal space. Our findings suggest that susceptibility to cardiovascular disease requires hypermsulinemic stress coupled with excessive dietary intake and the presence of one or more other necessary, but not sufficient, genetic factors. One of these may be a genetic abnormality of vascular smooth muscle cells. A similar situation may occur in humans.
Charge quantization and the Standard Model from the CP 2 and CP 3 nonlinear If-models
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Hellerman, Simeon; Kehayias, John; Yanagida, Tsutomu T
2014-01-01
We investigate charge quantization in the Standard Model (SM) through a CP.sup.2 nonlinear sigma model (NLSM), SU(3).sub.G/(SU(2).sub.HxU(1).sub.H), and a CP.sup.3 model, SU(4).sub.G/(SU(3).sub.HxU(1).sub.H...
Marin, Alessandro; Passarini, Francesca; Croce, Roberta; van Grondelle, Rienk; Brown, Leonid S.
2010-01-01
Antenna complexes are key components of plant photosynthesis, the process that converts sunlight, CO(2), and water into oxygen and sugars. We report the first (to our knowledge) femtosecond transient absorption study on the light-harvesting pigment-protein complexes CP26 (Lhcb5) and CP24 (Lhcb6) of
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
QU YuanGang; CHEN Hua; QIN XiaoChun; WANG Li; LI LiangBi; KUANG TingYun
2007-01-01
Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) is a new technique in studying the conformational state of a molecule in recent years. In this work, we reported the first use of THz-TDS to examine the denaturation of two photosynthesis membrane proteins: CP43 and CP47. THz-TDS was proven to be useful in discriminating the different conformational states of given proteins with similar structure and in monitoring the denaturation process of proteins. Upon treatment with guanidine hydrochloride (GuHCI),a 1.8 THz peak appeared for CP47 and free chlorophyll a (Chi a). This peak was deemed to originate from the interaction between Chli a and GuHCI molecules. The Chl a molecules in CP47 interacted with GuHCI more easily than those in CP43.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2007-01-01
Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) is a new technique in studying the conformational state of a molecule in recent years. In this work, we reported the first use of THz-TDS to examine the dena- turation of two photosynthesis membrane proteins: CP43 and CP47. THz-TDS was proven to be useful in discriminating the different conformational states of given proteins with similar structure and in monitoring the denaturation process of proteins. Upon treatment with guanidine hydrochloride (GuHCl), a 1.8 THz peak appeared for CP47 and free chlorophyll a (Chl a). This peak was deemed to originate from the interaction between Chl a and GuHCl molecules. The Chl a molecules in CP47 interacted with GuHCl more easily than those in CP43.
Proposal for the Quantum Simulation of the CP(2) Model on Optical Lattices
Laflamme, Catherine; Dalmonte, Marcello; Gerber, Urs; Mejía-Díaz, Héctor; Bietenholz, Wolfgang; Wiese, Uwe-Jens; Zoller, Peter
2015-01-01
The 2d CP(N-1) models share a number of features with QCD, like asymptotic freedom, a dynamically generated mass gap and topological sectors. They have been formulated and analysed successfully in the framework of the so-called D-theory, which provides a smooth access to the continuum limit. In that framework, we propose an experimental set-up for the quantum simulation of the CP(2) model. It is based on ultra-cold Alkaline-Earth Atoms (AEAs) located on the sites of an optical lattice, where the nuclear spins represent the relevant degrees of freedom. We present numerical results for the correlation length and for the real time decay of a false vacuum, to be compared with such a future experiment. The latter could also enable the exploration of theta-vacua and of the phase diagram at finite chemical potentials, since it does not suffer from any sign problem.
CP decomposition approach to blind separation for DS-CDMA system using a new performance index
Rouijel, Awatif; Minaoui, Khalid; Comon, Pierre; Aboutajdine, Driss
2014-12-01
In this paper, we present a canonical polyadic (CP) tensor decomposition isolating the scaling matrix. This has two major implications: (i) the problem conditioning shows up explicitly and could be controlled through a constraint on the so-called coherences and (ii) a performance criterion concerning the factor matrices can be exactly calculated and is more realistic than performance metrics used in the literature. Two new algorithms optimizing the CP decomposition based on gradient descent are proposed. This decomposition is illustrated by an application to direct-sequence code division multiplexing access (DS-CDMA) systems; computer simulations are provided and demonstrate the good behavior of these algorithms, compared to others in the literature.
Metadynamics Surfing on Topology Barriers: the CP(N-1) Case
Laio, Alessandro; Sanfilippo, Francesco
2015-01-01
In the continuum limit, QCD systems, investigated via numerical simulations, remain trapped in sectors of field space with fixed topological charge. As a consequence the numerical studies of physical quantities may give biased results. The same is true in the case of two dimensional CP(N-1) models. In this paper we show that Metadynamics, applied to CP(N-1), allows to bypass very efficiently this problem. In particular we show, for the first time, that we are able to reconstruct the free energy of the topological charge, F(Q), as a function of the coupling and of the volume. This is a very important physical quantity in studies of the dynamics of the theta-vacuum and of the axion. The method can be easily extended to QCD.
CDF results on CP violation in charm
Leo, Sabato
2015-01-01
I discuss the measurement of CP-violating asymmetries ($A_{\\Gamma}$) between effective lifetimes of $D^0$ or $\\bar{D}^0$ mesons. Fully reconstructed $D^0\\to K^+ K^-$ and $D^0\\to \\pi^+\\pi^-$ decays collected in $p\\bar{p}$ collisions by the Collider Detector at Fermilab experiment and corresponding to a data set of $9.7$~fb$^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity are used. The flavor of the charm meson at production is determined by exploiting the decay $D^{*+} \\to D^0 \\pi^+$. Contamination from mesons originated in $b$-hadron decays is subtracted from the sample. Signal yields as functions of the observed decay-time distributions are determined using likelihood fits and used to measure the asymmetries. The results, $A_\\Gamma (K^+K^-) = \\bigl(-1.9 \\pm 1.5~(stat) \\pm 0.4~(syst) \\bigr)\\times10^{-3}$ and $A_\\Gamma (\\pi^+\\pi^-)= \\bigl(-0.1 \\pm 1.8~(stat) \\pm 0.3~(syst) \\bigr)\\times10^{-3}$, and their combination, $A_\\Gamma = \\bigl(-1.2 \\pm 1.2 \\bigr)\\times10^{-3}$, are consistent with the SM predictions and other experimen...
Berger, Joshua; Ghosh, Diptimoy; Hewett, JoAnne L; Ismail, Ahmed; Rizzo, Thomas G
2015-01-01
We investigate the sensitivity of the next generation of flavor-based low-energy experiments to probe the supersymmetric parameter space in the context of the phenomenological MSSM (pMSSM), and examine the complementarity with direct searches for Supersymmetry at the 13 TeV LHC in a quantitative manner. To this end, we enlarge the previously studied pMSSM parameter space to include all physical non-zero CP-violating phases, namely those associated with the gaugino mass parameters, Higgsino mass parameter, and the tri-linear couplings of the top quark, bottom quark and tau lepton. We find that future electric dipole moment and flavor measurements can have a strong impact on the viability of these models even if the sparticle spectrum is out of reach of the 13 TeV LHC. In particular, the lack of positive signals in future low-energy probes would exclude values of the phases between ${\\cal O}(10^{-2})$ and ${\\cal O}(10^{-1})$. We also find regions of parameter space where large phases remain allowed due to cance...
The CP-FTMW spectrum of bromoperfluoroacetone
Marshall, Frank E.; Gillcrist, David J.; Persinger, Thomas D.; Jaeger, Stephen; Hurley, Cassandra C.; Shreve, Nelson E.; Moon, Nicole; Grubbs, G. S.
2016-10-01
The microwave spectrum of bromoperfluoroacetone has been observed and reported for the first time on a newly constructed CP-FTMW spectrometer located at Missouri S&T operational in the 6-18 GHz region of the electromagnetic spectrum. Rotational constants, centrifugal distortion constants, and all components of the nuclear quadrupole coupling tensor were determined for both the 79 and 81 isotopologues of bromine and have been reported. The spectrum is densely populated with transitions and the need for the more accurate theory of W.C. Bailey was needed for adequate assignment of >2000 transitions. Included in the spectrum were dipole forbidden ΔJ = 2 and x-type transitions. Second moments and Kraitchman position of the bromine have been presented to help identify the experimental structure. Quadrupole coupling tensor analyses were carried out to show that the electric field gradient in bromine changes dramatically upon fluorination when compared to its chlorine counterpart. Also, this change represents an increase in the electric field gradient, suggesting more covalent C-Br bonding. Dipole forbidden transitions have been observed and found to be always linked through a dipole allowed transition, but are not necessarily linked through one singular off-diagonal term. Notably, a select few of the dipole forbidden transitions are facilitated through a third mixing state not previously found in the literature.
First CP Violation Results from BABAR
Hitlin, D G
2000-01-01
We present a preliminary measurement of time-dependent CP-violating asymmetries in B^0-->J/psi K_S and B^0-->psi(2S) K_S decays recorded by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric B Factory at SLAC. The data sample consists of 9.0 fb-1 collected at the Upsilon(4S) resonance and 0.8 fb-1 off-resonance. One of the neutral B mesons, produced in pairs at the Upsilon(4S), is fully reconstructed. The flavor of the other neutral B meson is tagged at the time of its decay, mainly with the charge of identified leptons and kaons. The time difference between the decays is determined by measuring the distance between the decay vertices. Wrong-tag probabilities and the time resolution function are measured with samples of fully-reconstructed semileptonic and hadronic neutral B final states. The value of the asymmetry amplitude, sin(2*beta), is determined from a maximum likelihood fit to the time distribution of 120 tagged B^0-->J/psi K_S and B^0-->psi(2S) K_S candidates: sin(2*beta) = 0.12+/-0.37(stat)+/-0.09(syst).
Charge quantization in the CP(1) nonlinear σ-model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hellerman, Simeon, E-mail: simeon.hellerman.1@gmail.com; Kehayias, John, E-mail: john.kehayias@ipmu.jp; Yanagida, Tsutomu T., E-mail: tsutomu.tyanagida@ipmu.jp
2014-01-20
We investigate the consistency conditions for matter fields coupled to the four-dimensional (N=1 supersymmetric) CP(1) nonlinear sigma model (the coset space SU(2){sub G}/U(1){sub H}). We find that consistency requires that the U(1){sub H} charge of the matter be quantized, in units of half of the U(1){sub H} charge of the Nambu–Goldstone (NG) boson, if the matter has a nonsingular kinetic term and the dynamics respect the full group SU(2){sub G}. We can then take the linearly realized group U(1){sub H} to comprise the weak hypercharge group U(1){sub Y} of the Standard Model. Thus we have charge quantization without a Grand Unified Theory (GUT), completely avoiding problems like proton decay, doublet–triplet splitting, and magnetic monopoles. We briefly investigate the phenomenological implications of this model-building framework. The NG boson is fractionally charged and completely stable. It can be naturally light, avoiding constraints while being a component of dark matter or having applications in nuclear physics. We also comment on the extension to other NLSMs on coset spaces, which will be explored more fully in a followup paper.
Charge Quantization in the CP(1) Nonlinear Sigma-Model
Hellerman, Simeon; Yanagida, Tsutomu T
2013-01-01
We investigate the consistency conditions for matter fields coupled to the four-dimensional (N = 1 supersymmetric) CP(1) nonlinear sigma model (the coset space SU(2)_G/U(1)_H). We find that consistency requires that the U(1)_H charge of the matter be quantized, in units of half of the U(1)_H charge of the Nambu-Goldstone (NG) boson, if the matter has a nonsingular kinetic term and the dynamics respect the full group SU(2)_G. We can then take the linearly realized group U(1)_H to comprise the weak hypercharge group U(1)_Y of the Standard Model. Thus we have charge quantization without a Grand Unified Theory (GUT), completely avoiding problems like proton decay, doublet-triplet splitting, and magnetic monopoles. We briefly investigate the phenomenological implications of this model-building framework. The NG boson is fractionally charged and completely stable. It can be naturally light, avoiding constraints while being a component of dark matter or having applications in nuclear physics. We also comment on the ...
MeCP2与神经发育性疾病%MeCP2 and neurodevelopmental disorders
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
何艳琴; 公晓红; 王红艳; 杨章民
2012-01-01
As a transcription repressor, methyi-CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2) comprises two functional domains: methyl DNA binding domain and a transcription repression domain. MeCP2, which acts as a multifunctional nuclear protein in several cellular aspects(such as the chromatin remodelling, transcription activation, regulation of RNA splicing and so on), may plays important roles in the process of neural development. Recent researches show that MeCP2 gene mutation is implicated in neurodevelopmental disorder, including Ren syndrome and autism. So MeCP2 gene has become a hotspot in the study of the relationship between the genotype and the human neurodevelopmental diseases. This review summarizes the latest advances on MeCP2 in Rett syndrome, autism and drug addiction.%作为一种转录抑制因子,甲基化CpG结合蛋白2(MeCP2)含有结合甲基化DNA和转录抑制两个特征性的结构域,具有调节转录激活、调节染色体构象、参与RNA剪切等多种功能,在神经发育过程中起着重要的作用.近来的研究表明,MeCP2基因突变与Rett综合征、孤独症等多种神经发育性疾病相关,已成为研究基因型与人类神经发育性疾病关系的一个热点.就MeCP2在Rett综合征、孤独症及药物成瘾方面的进展作一综述.
MeCP2-Related Diseases and Animal Models
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Chinelo D. Ezeonwuka
2014-01-01
Full Text Available The role of epigenetics in human disease has become an area of increased research interest. Collaborative efforts from scientists and clinicians have led to a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms by which epigenetic regulation is involved in the pathogenesis of many human diseases. Several neurological and non-neurological disorders are associated with mutations in genes that encode for epigenetic factors. One of the most studied proteins that impacts human disease and is associated with deregulation of epigenetic processes is Methyl CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2. MeCP2 is an epigenetic regulator that modulates gene expression by translating epigenetic DNA methylation marks into appropriate cellular responses. In order to highlight the importance of epigenetics to development and disease, we will discuss how MeCP2 emerges as a key epigenetic player in human neurodevelopmental, neurological, and non-neurological disorders. We will review our current knowledge on MeCP2-related diseases, including Rett Syndrome, Angelman Syndrome, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, Hirschsprung disease, and Cancer. Additionally, we will briefly discuss about the existing MeCP2 animal models that have been generated for a better understanding of how MeCP2 impacts certain human diseases.
Soil corrosion monitoring near a pipeline under CP
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bullard, Sophie J.; Covino, Bernard S., Jr.; Cramer, Stephen D.; Holcomb, Gordon R.; Ziomek-Moroz, Margaret; Locke, M.L. (NW Natural); Warthen, M.R. (NW Natural); Kane, Russell D. (Intercorr International Inc.); Eden, Dawn C. (Intercorr International Inc.)
2005-01-01
Electrochemical noise (EN), linear polarization resistance (LPR), and harmonic distortion analysis (HDA) were used with three-electrode probes to monitor the corrosion occurring in soil in dry and wet conditions near a gas pipeline under cathodic protection. The test site was a cathodic protection (CP) test station where impressed current CP was applied to a 2 in. (5.1 cm) diameter FBE coated steel pipe using an 84 in. (0.2 m) TA-2 high-silicon cast iron anode. Electrochemical measurements were made at three locations, two inside the CP field and one outside the CP field. Electrochemical measurements were first made with the CP system off to establish the baseline corrosion and then with increasing levels of CP. The degree of protection was based on polarized potential and the adequacy of protection was determined by depolarization measurements. CP of an adjacent pipeline did not affect the measurement of either corrosion rate or pitting factor when using buried soil corrosion probes and the EN, LPR, and HDA techniques.
MeCP2-Related Diseases and Animal Models
Ezeonwuka, Chinelo D.; Rastegar, Mojgan
2017-01-01
The role of epigenetics in human disease has become an area of increased research interest. Collaborative efforts from scientists and clinicians have led to a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms by which epigenetic regulation is involved in the pathogenesis of many human diseases. Several neurological and non-neurological disorders are associated with mutations in genes that encode for epigenetic factors. One of the most studied proteins that impacts human disease and is associated with deregulation of epigenetic processes is Methyl CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2). MeCP2 is an epigenetic regulator that modulates gene expression by translating epigenetic DNA methylation marks into appropriate cellular responses. In order to highlight the importance of epigenetics to development and disease, we will discuss how MeCP2 emerges as a key epigenetic player in human neurodevelopmental, neurological, and non-neurological disorders. We will review our current knowledge on MeCP2-related diseases, including Rett Syndrome, Angelman Syndrome, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, Hirschsprung disease, and Cancer. Additionally, we will briefly discuss about the existing MeCP2 animal models that have been generated for a better understanding of how MeCP2 impacts certain human diseases.
Du, Gang; Jiang, Zhibin; Diao, Xiaodi; Yao, Yang
2012-04-01
Although the clinical pathway (CP) predefines predictable standardized care process for a particular diagnosis or procedure, many variances may still unavoidably occur. Some key index parameters have strong relationship with variances handling measures of CP. In real world, these problems are highly nonlinear in nature so that it's hard to develop a comprehensive mathematic model. In this paper, a rule extraction approach based on combing hybrid genetic double multi-group cooperative particle swarm optimization algorithm (PSO) and discrete PSO algorithm (named HGDMCPSO/DPSO) is developed to discovery the previously unknown and potentially complicated nonlinear relationship between key parameters and variances handling measures of CP. Then these extracted rules can provide abnormal variances handling warning for medical professionals. Three numerical experiments on Iris of UCI data sets, Wisconsin breast cancer data sets and CP variances data sets of osteosarcoma preoperative chemotherapy are used to validate the proposed method. When compared with the previous researches, the proposed rule extraction algorithm can obtain the high prediction accuracy, less computing time, more stability and easily comprehended by users, thus it is an effective knowledge extraction tool for CP variances handling.
arXiv Flavour Physics and CP Violation
Kamenik, J.F.
2016-01-01
These notes represent a summary of three lectures on flavour and CP violation, given at the CERNs European School of High Energy Physics in 2014. They cover flavour physics within the standard model, phenomenology of CP violation in meson mixing and decays, as well as constraints of flavour observableson physics beyond the standard model. In preparing the lectures (and consequently this summary) I drew heavily from several existing excellent and exhaustive sets of lecture notes and reviews on flavour physics and CP violation [1]. The reader is encouraged to consult those as well as the original literature for a more detailed study.
Discriminating sterile neutrinos and unitarity violation with CP invariants
Päs, Heinrich
2016-01-01
We present a new method to analyze upcoming results in the search for CP violating neutrino oscillations. The CP violating amplitudes $\\mathcal{A}_{\\alpha\\beta}^{kj}$ provide parametrization independent observables, which will be accessible by experiments soon. The strong prediction of a unique $\\mathcal{A}_{\\alpha\\beta}^{kj}$, the Jarlskog invariant, in case of the standard three neutrino model does not hold in models with new physics beyond the Standard Model. Nevertheless there are still correlations among the amplitudes depending on the specific model. Due to these correlations it is possible to reject specific new physics model by determining only 3 of the CP violating amplitudes.
The pattern of CP asymmetries in b→s transitions
Buchalla, Gerhard; Hiller, Gudrun; Nir, Yosef; Raz, Guy
2005-09-01
New CP violating physics in b→s transitions will modify the CP asymmetries in B decays into final CP eigenstates (phiKS, η'KS, π0KS, ωKS, ρ0KS and ηKS) from their Standard Model values. In a model independent analysis, the pattern of deviations can be used to probe which Wilson coefficients get a significant contribution from the new physics. We demonstrate this idea using several well-motivated models of new physics, and apply it to current data.
U-boson and the HyperCP exotic events
Chen, Chuan-Hung; Kao, Chung-Wen
2008-01-01
We show that the very light gauge U-boson of the extra U'(1) gauge model in the framework of the supersymmetric standard model extension can be a good candidate of the new light particle suggested by the HyperCP experiment. We demonstrate that the FCNCs for the HyperCP events in the decay of $\\Sigma^{+}\\to p \\mu^{+} \\mu^{-}$ can be generated at both tree and loop levels. In particular, we find that the loop induced $s\\to d U$ transition, involving the tensor-type interaction with the dimension-5 electric dipole operator, plays a very important role on the HyperCP data.
Supersymmetric Contributions to CP Asymmetry in τ-DECAYS
Delepine, D.; Faisel, G.; Khalil, S.; Shalaby, M.
We review the CP violation in the semileptonic |ΔS| = 1 τ-decays in supersymmetric extensions of the standard model (SM). We show that Within SUSY models with conserved R parity, the CP asymmetry of τ → kπν is below the current experimental limits, although it is enhanced by several order of magnitude than the SM results. We also study the impact of the lepton violation terms in SUSY models with R parity violation. We show that the CP asymmetry of τ-decay is enhanced significantly and the current experimental limits obtained by CLEO collaborations can be easily accommodated.
Effects of CP phases on the Phenomenology of SUSY Particles
Bartl, Alfred
2005-01-01
We review our recent studies on the effects of CP-violating supersymmetric (SUSY) parameters on the phenomenology of neutralinos, charginos and third generation squarks. The CP-even branching ratios of the squarks show a pronounced dependence on the phases of A_t, A_b, mu and M_1 in a large region of the supersymmetric parameter space, which can be used to get information on these phases. In addition we have studied CP-odd observables, like asymmetries based on triple product correlations. In neutralino and chargino production with subsequent three-body decays these asymmetries can be as large as 20%.
CP Studies and Non-Standard Higgs Physics
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kraml, S.; Accomando, E.; G. Akeroyd, A.
2006-01-01
There are many possibilities for new physics beyond the Standard Model that feature non-standard Higgs sectors. These may introduce new sources of CP violation, and there may be mixing between multiple Higgs bosons or other new scalar bosons. Alternatively, the Higgs may be a composite state...... which go beyond the Standard Model and its minimal, CP-conserving supersymmetric extension: two-Higgs-doublet models and minimal supersymmetric models with CP violation, supersymmetric models with an extra singlet, models with extra gauge groups or Higgs triplets, Little Higgs models, models in extra...
New ambiguity in probing CP violation in neutrino oscillations
Miranda, O G; Valle, J W F
2016-01-01
If neutrinos get mass a la seesaw the mixing matrix describing neutrino oscillations can be effectively non-unitary. We show that in this case the neutrino appearance probabilities involve a new CP phase, phi, associated to non-unitarity. This leads to an ambiguity in extracting the "standard" three--neutrino phase delta_CP, which can survive even after neutrino and antineutrino channels are combined. Its existence should be taken into account in the planning of any oscillation experiment aiming at a robust measurement of delta_CP.
Libby, J
2015-01-01
Quantum-correlated psi(3770)->DDbar decays collected by the CLEO-c experiment are used to perform measurements of F+, the fractional CP-even content of the self-conjugate decays D->pi+pi-pi0 and D->K+K-pi0. Values of 0.973+/-0.017 and 0.732+/-0.055 are obtained for pi+pi-pi0 and K+K-pi0, respectively. The high CP-even content of D->pi+pi-pi0, in particular, makes this a promising mode for improving the precision on gamma and for measurements of CP violation in D decay.
Enrichment of methylated DNA by methyl-CpG immunoprecipitation.
Sonnet, Miriam; Baer, Constance; Rehli, Michael; Weichenhan, Dieter; Plass, Christoph
2013-01-01
Normal DNA methylation is an epigenetic modification required for proper development. Aberrant DNA methylation, in contrast, is frequently observed in many different malignancies including leukemias and lymphomas. Global DNA methylation profiling addresses the methylated sequences (methylome) of patient genomes to identify disease-specific methylation patterns. Workload in methylome analyses can be considerably reduced by methylome enrichment using proteins or antibodies with high affinity to methylated DNA. Methyl-CpG Immunoprecipitation (MCIp) employs an immobilized recombinant human methyl-CpG binding domain protein 2, MBD2, which binds methylated CpGs in double-stranded DNA. Elution with increasing salt concentrations allows the fractionated enrichment of different degrees of methylation.
CP observables with spin spin correlations in chargino production
Bartl, A.; Hohenwarter-Sodek, K.; Kernreiter, T.; Kittel, O.; Terwort, M.
2008-10-01
We study the CP-violating terms of the spin-spin correlations in chargino production ee→χ˜1±χ˜2∓, and their subsequent two-body decays into sneutrinos plus leptons. We propose novel CP-sensitive observables with the help of T-odd products of the spin-spin terms. These terms depend on the polarizations of both charginos, with one polarization perpendicular to the production plane. We identify two classes of CP-sensitive observables; one requires the reconstruction of the production plane, the other not. Our framework is the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model with complex parameters.
HyperCP at Fermilab -- A status report
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
M. J. Longo et al.
2001-10-23
The primary purpose of the HyperCP experiment at Fermilab is to test CP in hyperon decays by comparing the alpha parameters for {Xi}{sup -} and {Xi}{sup +} decays in the decay sequence: {Xi}{sup -} {yields} {pi} + {Lambda}{sup 0}, {Lambda}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup -} + p. In addition, we can test CP in charged kaon decays by comparing the slopes of the Dalitz plot for K{sup +} and K{sup -} decays. They are also looking at rare decay modes of charged kaons and hyperons, particularly those involving muons.
Formulation of vaccines containing CpG oligonucleotides and alum
Aebig, Joan A.; Mullen, Gregory E. D.; Dobrescu, Gelu; Rausch, Kelly; Lambert, Lynn; Ajose-Popoola, Olubunmi; Long, Carole A.; Saul, Allan; Miles, Aaron P.
2007-01-01
CpG oligodeoxynucleotides are potent immunostimulants. For parenterally delivered alum based vaccines, the immunostimulatory effect of CpG depends on the association of the CpG and antigen to the alum. We describe effects of buffer components on the binding of CPG 7909 to aluminum hydroxide (Alhydrogel), assays for measuring binding of CPG 7909 to alum and CPG 7909 induced dissociation of antigen from the alum. Free CPG 7909 is a potent inducer of IP-10 in mice. However the lack of IP-10 prod...
False Signals of CP-Invariance Violation at DUNE
de Gouvêa, André
2016-01-01
One of the main goals of the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) is to look for new sources of CP-invariance violation. Another is to significantly test the three-massive-neutrinos paradigm. Here, we show that there are CP-invariant new physics scenarios which, as far as DUNE data are concerned, cannot be distinguished from the three-massive-neutrinos paradigm with very large CP-invariance violating effects. We discuss examples with non-standard neutrino interactions and with a fourth neutrino mass eigenstate. We briefly discuss how ambiguities can be resolved by combining DUNE data with data from other long-baseline experiments, including Hyper-Kamiokande.
Methods for detection of methyl-CpG dinucleotides
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dunn, John J
2013-11-26
The invention provides methods for enriching methyl-CpG sequences from a DNA sample. The method makes use of conversion of cytosine residues to uracil under conditions in which methyl-cytosine residues are preserved. Additional methods of the invention enable to preservation of the context of me-CpG dinucleotides. The invention also provides a recombinant, full length and substantially pure McrA protein (rMcrA) for binding and isolation of DNA fragments containing the sequence 5'-C.sup.MeCpGG-3'. Methods for making and using the rMcrA protein, and derivatives thereof are provided.
Tensor renormalization group analysis of CP(N-1) model
Kawauchi, Hikaru
2016-01-01
We apply the higher order tensor renormalization group to lattice CP($N-1$) model in two dimensions. A tensor network representation of the CP($N-1$) model in the presence of the $\\theta$-term is derived. We confirm that the numerical results of the CP(1) model without the $\\theta$-term using this method are consistent with that of the O(3) model which is analyzed by the same method in the region $\\beta \\gg 1$ and that obtained by Monte Carlo simulation in a wider range of $\\beta$. The numerical computation including the $\\theta$-term is left for future challenges.
Tensor renormalization group analysis of CP (N -1 ) model
Kawauchi, Hikaru; Takeda, Shinji
2016-06-01
We apply the higher-order tensor renormalization group to the lattice CP (N -1 ) model in two dimensions. A tensor network representation of the CP (N -1 ) model in the presence of the θ term is derived. We confirm that the numerical results of the CP(1) model without the θ term using this method are consistent with that of the O(3) model which is analyzed by the same method in the region β ≫1 and that obtained by the Monte Carlo simulation in a wider range of β . The numerical computation including the θ term is left for future challenges.
Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Gaillard, J M; Hicheur, A; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Palano, A; Pompili, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Borgland, A W; Breon, A B; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Day, C T; Gill, M S; Gritsan, A V; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Oddone, P J; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, Michael T; Shelkov, V G; Wenzel, W A; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hawkes, C M; Morgan, S E; Watson, A T; Fritsch, M; Goetzen, K; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Chevalier, N; Cottingham, W N; Kelly, M P; Latham, T E; Wilson, F F; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Thiessen, D; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, A E; Blinov, V E; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Ivanchenko, V N; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Yushkov, A N; Best, D; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M A; Mommsen, R K; Röthel, W; Stoker, D P; Buchanan, C; Hartfiel, B L; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Del Re, D; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; MacFarlane, D B; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Dahmes, B; Levy, S L; Long, O; Lu, A; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Verkerke, W; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Heusch, C A; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schmitz, R E; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dvoretskii, A; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Yang, S; Jayatilleke, S M; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Abe, T; Blanc, F; Bloom, P; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Rankin, P; Smith, J G; Zhang, J; Zhang, L; Chen, A; Harton, J L; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Zeng, Q L; Altenburg, D; Brandt, T; Brose, J; Dickopp, M; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Lacker, H M; Müller-Pfefferkorn, R; Nogowski, R; Otto, S; Petzold, A; Schubert, J; Schubert, Klaus R; Schwierz, R; Spaan, B; Sundermann, J E; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Brochard, F; Grenier, P; Schrenk, S; Thiebaux, C; Vasileiadis, G; Verderi, M; Bard, D J; Clark, P J; Lavin, D; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Azzolini, V; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Piemontese, L; Sarti, A; Treadwell, E; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Piccolo, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Capra, R; Contri, R; Crosetti, G; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Bailey, S; Brandenburg, G; Morii, M; Won, E; Dubitzky, R S; Langenegger, U; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Gaillard, J R; Morton, G W; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Taylor, G P; Charles, M J; Grenier, G J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Lamsa, J; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Yi, J; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Laplace, S; Le Diberder, F R; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Petersen, T C; Plaszczynski, S; Schune, M H; Tantot, L; Wormser, G; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Simani, M C; Wright, D M; Bevan, A J; Chavez, C A; Coleman, J P; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, Erwin; Gamet, R; Parry, R J; Payne, D J; Sloane, R J; Touramanis, C; Back, J J; Harrison, P F; Mohanty, G B; Cowan, G; Flack, R L; Flächer, H U; Green, M G; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Winter, M A; Brown, D; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Hodgkinson, M C; Lafferty, G D; Lyon, A J; Williams, J C; Farbin, A; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Kovalskyi, D; Lae, C K; Lillard, V; Roberts, D A; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Flood, K T; Hertzbach, S S; Kofler, R; Koptchev, V B; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Stängle, H; Willocq, S; Cowan, R; Sciolla, G; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Mangeol, D J J; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L M; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Reidy, J; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Taras, P; Nicholson, H; Fabozzi, F; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M; Bulten, H; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Wilden, L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Gabriel, T A; Allmendinger, T; Brau, B; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Pulliam, T; Rahimi, A M; Ter-Antonian, R; Wong, Q K; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Potter, C T; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Torrence, E; Colecchia, F; Dorigo, A; Galeazzi, F; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Tiozzo, G; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; David, P; La Vaissière, C de; Del Buono, L; Hamon, O; John, M J J; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Pivk, M; Roos, L; T'Jampens, S; Therin, G; Manfredi, P F; Re, V; Behera, P K; Gladney, L; Guo, Q H; Panetta, J; Anulli, F; Biasini, M; Peruzzi, I M; Pioppi, M; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bondioli, M; Bucci, F; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Martínez-Vidal, F; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rama, M; Rizzo, G; Sandrelli, F; Walsh, J; Haire, M; Judd, D; Paick, K; Wagoner, D E; Danielson, N; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Miftakov, V; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Pierini, M; Piredda, G; Safai-Tehrani, F; Voena, C; Christ, S; Wagner, G; Waldi, R; Adye, T; De Groot, N; Franek, B J; Geddes, N I; Gopal, G P; Olaiya, E O; Aleksan, Roy; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Giraud, P F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, Witold; Langer, M; Legendre, M; London, G W; Mayer, B; Schott, G; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Purohit, M V; Weidemann, A W; Wilson, J R; Yumiceva, F X; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Berger, N; Boyarski, A M; Buchmüller, O L; Claus, R; Convery, M R; Cristinziani, M; De Nardo, Gallieno; Dong, D; Dorfan, J; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Elsen, E E; Fan, S; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Hadig, T; Halyo, V; Hast, C; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Libby, J; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ozcan, V E; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Petrak, S; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Simi, G; Snyder, A; Soha, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Vavra, J; Wagner, S R; Weaver, M; Weinstein, A J R; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Young, C C; Burchat, Patricia R; Edwards, A J; Meyer, T I; Petersen, B A; Roat, C; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Ernst, J A; Saeed, M A; Saleem, M; Wappler, F R; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Kim, H; Ritchie, J L; Satpathy, A; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Kitayama, I; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Bóna, M; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Borean, C; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Dittongo, S; Grancagnolo, S; Lanceri, L; Poropat, P; Vuagnin, G; Panvini, R S; Banerjee, Sw; Brown, C M; Fortin, D; Jackson, P D; Kowalewski, R V; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Band, H R; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Eichenbaum, A M; Graham, M; Hollar, J J; Johnson, J R; Kutter, P E; Li, H; Liu, R; Mihályi, A; Mohapatra, A K; Pan, Y; Prepost, R; Rubin, A E; Sekula, S J; Tan, P; Von Wimmersperg-Töller, J H; Wu, J; Wu, S L; Yu, Z; Greene, M G; Neal, H
2004-01-01
We study the decays B- --> D*0 pi- and B- --> D*0 K-, where the D*0 decays into D0 pi0, with the D0 reconstructed in the CP-even (CP+) eigenstates K- K+ and pi- pi+ and in the (non-CP) channels K- pi+, K- pi+ pi+ pi-, and K- pi+ pi0. Using a sample of about 123 million BBbar pairs, we measure the ratios of decay rates R*(non-CP)=BR(B- --> D*0(non-CP) K-)/BR(B- --> D*0(non-CP) pi-) = 0.0813+-0.0040(stat)+0.0042-0.0031}(syst), and provide the first measurements of R*(CP+)= BR(B- --> D*0(CP+) K-)/BR(B- --> D*0(CP+) pi-) = 0.086+-0.021(stat)+-0. 007(syst), and of the CP asymmetry A*(CP+) = (BR(B- --> D*0(CP+) K-) - BR(B+ --> D*0(CP+) K+))/(BR(B- --> D*0(CP+) K-) + BR(B+ --> D*0(CP+) K+)) = -0.10+-0.23(stat)+0.03-0.04(syst).
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zhang H
2013-05-01
Full Text Available Huijie Zhang,1,2 Song Chen,3 Chunyi Zhi,4 Tomohiko Yamazaki,1,2 Nobutaka Hanagata1,2,5 1Graduate School of Life Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan; 2Biomaterials Unit, International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics, National Institute for Materials Science, Ibaraki, Japan; 3Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science, Tokyo, Japan; 4Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, People’s Republic of China; 5Nanotechnology Innovation Station, Ibaraki, Japan Background: Cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG oligodeoxynucleotides activate Toll-like receptor 9, leading to induction of proinflammatory cytokines, which play an important role in induction and maintenance of innate and adaptive immune responses. Previously, we have used boron nitride nanospheres (BNNS as a carrier for delivery of unmodified CpG oligodeoxynucleotides to activate Toll-like receptor 9. However, because CpG oligodeoxynucleotides and BNNS are both negatively charged, electrostatic repulsion between them is likely to reduce the loading of CpG oligodeoxynucleotides onto BNNS. Therefore, the efficiency of uptake of CpG oligodeoxynucleotides is also limited and does not result in induction of a robust cytokine response. To ameliorate these problems, we developed a CpG oligodeoxynucleotide delivery system using chitosan-coated BNNS as a carrier. Methods: To facilitate attachment of CpG oligodeoxynucleotides onto the BNNS and improve their loading capacity, we prepared positively charged BNNS by coating them with chitosan preparations of three different molecular weights and used them as carriers for delivery of CpG oligodeoxynucleotides. Results: The zeta potentials of the BNNS-CS complexes were positive, and chitosan coating improved their dispersity and stability in aqueous solution compared with BNNS. The positive charge of the BNNS-CS complexes greatly improved the loading capacity and cellular uptake efficiency of Cp
Generalized CP Invariance and the Yukawa sector of Two-Higgs Models
Ferreira, P M
2010-01-01
Imposing generalized CP symmetries on the scalar sector of the Two Higgs Doublet Model leads to only three types of models, known as CP1, CP2, and CP3. It is well known that the usual CP symmetry (CP1) can be extended to the fermion sector by making all scalar-fermion couplings real. By requiring nonzero quark masses, we show that it is impossible to extend CP2 to the fermion sector, and that there is only one possible way to extend CP3 to the fermion sector. This excludes an infinite number of otherwise conceivable models. Finally, we discuss a fast numerical fit to the lone remaining possibility.
Levenberg-Marquardt method for the eigenvalue complementarity problem.
Chen, Yuan-yuan; Gao, Yan
2014-01-01
The eigenvalue complementarity problem (EiCP) is a kind of very useful model, which is widely used in the study of many problems in mechanics, engineering, and economics. The EiCP was shown to be equivalent to a special nonlinear complementarity problem or a mathematical programming problem with complementarity constraints. The existing methods for solving the EiCP are all nonsmooth methods, including nonsmooth or semismooth Newton type methods. In this paper, we reformulate the EiCP as a system of continuously differentiable equations and give the Levenberg-Marquardt method to solve them. Under mild assumptions, the method is proved globally convergent. Finally, some numerical results and the extensions of the method are also given. The numerical experiments highlight the efficiency of the method.
CP violation in multibody decays of beauty baryons
Durieux, Gauthier
2016-01-01
Beauty baryons are being observed in large number in the LHCb detector. The rich kinematics of their multibody decays are therefore becoming accessible and provide us with new opportunities to search for CP violation. We analyse the angular distributions of some three- and four-body decays of spin-$1/2$ baryons using the Jacob-Wick helicity formalism. The asymmetries that provide access to small differences of CP-odd phases between decay amplitudes of identical CP-even phases are notably discussed. The understanding gained on processes featuring specific resonant intermediate states allows us to establish which asymmetries are relevant for what purpose. It is for instance shown that some CP-odd angular asymmetries measured by the LHCb collaboration in the $\\Lambda_b \\to \\Lambda\\,\\varphi \\to p\\,\\pi\\, K^+ K^-$ decay are expected to vanish identically.
CP violation in multibody decays of beauty baryons
Durieux, Gauthier
2016-10-01
Beauty baryons are being observed in large numbers in the LHCb detector. The rich kinematic distributions of their multibody decays are therefore becoming accessible and provide us with new opportunities to search for CP violation. We analyse the angular distributions of some three- and four-body decays of spin-1/2 baryons using the Jacob-Wick helicity formalism. The asymmetries that provide access to small differences of CP-odd phases between decay amplitudes of identical CP-even phases are notably discussed. The understanding gained on processes featuring specific resonant intermediate states allows us to establish which asymmetries are relevant for what purpose. It is for instance shown that some CP-odd angular asymmetries measured by the LHCb collaboration in the Λ b → Λ φ → p π K + K - decay are expected to vanish identically.
Microdistortion behavior of Al alloy reinforced by SiCp
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LI Duo-sheng; ZUO Dun-wen; ZHOU Xian-liang; HUA Xiao-zhen; CHEN Rong-fa; ZHAO Li-gang
2007-01-01
Al alloy reinforced with SiCp was fabricated by the method of pressureless infiltration. The effects of factors such as SiCp size, volume fraction, matrix material and heat treatment process on microdistortion behavior of Al alloy were investigated. The results show that microdistortion decreases along with lessening of SiCp size and increasing of SiCp volume fraction. Matrix material has influence on the microdistortion behavior, and solution-aging can improve the microdistortion behavior. Stress and residual strain related to microdistortion behavior were simulated by FEM. It is found that the distribution of strain and stress is not symmetrical; residual strain and stress at interface are higher than those at the other places; at the sharp-angled area of a particle, matrix has the highest strain and stress where plastic distortion is caused at first; the microdistortion and stress far from the interface are smaller.
CP violating observables in e$^{-}$e$^{+}$ --> W$^{-}$W$^{+}$
Chang, D; Phillips, I
1993-01-01
We consider various integrated lepton charge-energy asymmetries and azimuthal asymmetries as tests of CP violation in the process $e^-e^+ \\to W^-W^+$. These asymmetries are sensitive to different linear combinations of the CP violating form factors in the three gauge boson $W^-W^+$ production vertex, and can distinguish dispersive and absorptive parts of the form factors. It makes use of purely hadronic and purely leptonic modes of $W$'s decays as well as the mixed modes. The techniques of using the kinematics of jets or missing momentum to construct CP--odd observables are also employed. These CP violating observables are illustrated in the generalized Left-Right Model and the Charged Higgs Model.
Search for Direct CP Violation in $\\Xi$ Hyperon Decay
Jaffe, D E; Paar, H P; Potter, E M; Prell, S; Sharma, V; Asner, D M; Eppich, A; Gronberg, J B; Hill, T S; Lange, D J; Morrison, R J; Nelson, H N; Nelson, T K; Roberts, D; Behrens, B H; Ford, W T; Gritsan, A; Krieg, H; Roy, J D; Smith, J G; Alexander, J P; Baker, R; Bebek, C; Berger, B E; Berkelman, K; Boisvert, V; Cassel, David G; Crowcroft, D S; Dickson, M; Von Dombrowski, S; Drell, P S; Ecklund, K M; Ehrlich, R; Foland, A D; Gaidarev, P B; Gibbons, L K; Gittelman, B; Gray, S W; Hartill, D L; Heltsley, B K; Hopman, P I; Kreinick, D L; Lee, T; Liu, Y; Mistry, N B; Ng, C R; Nordberg, E; Ogg, M; Patterson, J R; Peterson, D; Riley, D; Soffer, A; Valant-Spaight, B L; Warburton, A; Ward, C; Athanas, M; Avery, P; Jones, C D; Lohner, M; Prescott, C; Rubiera, A I; Yelton, J; Zheng, J; Brandenburg, G; Briere, R A; Ershov, A; Gao, Y S; Kim, D Y J; Wilson, R; Browder, T E; Li, Y; Rodríguez, J L; Yamamoto, H; Bergfeld, T; Eisenstein, B I; Ernst, J; Gladding, G E; Gollin, G D; Hans, R M; Johnson, E; Karliner, I; Marsh, M A; Palmer, M; Selen, M; Thaler, J J; Edwards, K W; Bellerive, A; Janicek, R; Patel, P M; Sadoff, A J; Ammar, R; Baringer, P; Bean, A; Besson, D; Coppage, D; Davis, R; Kotov, S A; Kravchenko, I V; Kwak, N; Zhou, L; Anderson, S; Kubota, Y; Lee, S J; Mahapatra, R; O'Neill, J J; Poling, R A; Riehle, T; Smith, A; Alam, M S; Athar, S B; Ling, Z; Mahmood, A H; Timm, S; Wappler, F; Anastassov, A; Duboscq, J E; Gan, K K; Gwon, C; Hart, T; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Lee, J; Lorenc, J; Schwarthoff, H; Wolf, A; Zoeller, M M; Richichi, S J; Severini, H; Skubic, P L; Undrus, A; Bishai, M; Chen, S; Fast, J; Hinson, J W; Menon, N; Miller, D H; Shibata, E I; Shipsey, I P J; Glenn, S; Kwon, Y; Lyon, A L; Roberts, S; Thorndike, E H; Jessop, C P; Lingel, K; Marsiske, H; Perl, Martin Lewis; Savinov, V; Ugolini, D W; Zhou, X; Coan, T E; Fadeev, V; Korolkov, I Ya; Maravin, Y; Narsky, I; Stroynowski, R; Ye, J; Wlodek, T; Artuso, M; Dambasuren, E; Kopp, S E; Moneti, G C; Mountain, R; Schuh, S; Skwarnicki, T; Stone, S; Titov, A; Viehhauser, G; Wang, J C; Csorna, S E; McLean, K W; Marka, S; Xu, Z; Godang, R; Kinoshita, K; Lai, I C; Pomianowski, P A; Schrenk, S; Bonvicini, G; Cinabro, D; Greene, R; Perera, L P; Zhou, G J; Chan, S; Eigen, G; Lipeles, E; Miller, J S; Schmidtler, M; Shapiro, A; Sun, W M; Urheim, J; Weinstein, A J; Würthwein, F
2000-01-01
Using data collected with the CLEO II detector we have performed a search for direct CP violation in the $\\Xi$ hyperon system. CP violation gives rise to an asymmetry, A, between the parity-violating angular distributions of the decay chains $\\Xi^- \\To \\Lambda pi^-$, $\\Lambda \\To p \\pi^-$ and $\\bar{\\Xi}^+ \\To \\bar{\\Lambda} \\pi^+$, $\\bar{\\Lambda} \\To \\bar{p} \\pi^+$. In the Standard Model, A is expected to be in the range $10^{-4}$ to $10^{-5}$. If CP violation were found at a higher level it could indicate the presence of new physics. We find no evidence for CP violation: A = -0.057 +- 0.064 +- 0.039. We also obtain $A_{\\Xi} = -0.070 +- 0.064 +- 0.045$ and $\\alpha_{\\bar{\\Xi}}= 0.49^{+0.06}_{-0.05} +- 0.10$.
A short vademecum on CP violation in heavy flavor decays
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bigi, I.I.
1987-12-01
A short introduction into the phenomenology of CP asymmetries in beauty (and D/sup 0/) decays is given. Different experimental environments are briefly compared and some semiquantitative estimates listed.
CP violation in multibody decays of beauty baryons
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Durieux, Gauthier
2016-08-15
Beauty baryons are being observed in large numbers in the LHCb detector. The rich kinematic distributions of their multibody decays are therefore becoming accessible and provide us with new opportunities to search for CP violation. We analyse the angular distributions of some three- and four-body decays of spin-1/2 baryons using the Jacob-Wick helicity formalism. The asymmetries that provide access to small differences of CP-odd phases between decay amplitudes of identical CP-even phases are notably discussed. The understanding gained on processes featuring specific resonant intermediate states allows us to establish which asymmetries are relevant for what purpose. It is for instance shown that some CP-odd angular asymmetries measured by the LHCb collaboration in the Λ{sub b}→Λφ→pπ K{sup +}K{sup -} decay are expected to vanish identically.
Searches for CP Violation in charm at LHCb
Naik, Paras P
2015-01-01
LHCb has collected the world's largest sample of charmed hadrons. This sample is used to search for direct and indirect CP Violation in charm. Recent and updated measurements from several decay modes are presented.
CP observables with spin-spin correlations in chargino production
Bartl, Alfred; Kernreiter, T; Kittel, O; Terwort, M
2008-01-01
We study the CP-violating terms of the spin-spin correlations in chargino production e+e- -> chi^+/-_1 chi^-/+_2, and their subsequent two-body decays into sneutrinos plus leptons. We propose novel CP-sensitive observables with the help of T-odd products of the spin-spin terms. These terms depend on the polarizations of both charginos, with one polarization perpendicular to the production plane. We identify two classes of CP-sensitive observables; one requires the reconstruction of the production plane, the other not. Our framework is the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model with complex parameters. We also calculate the statistical significances to which our CP-sensitive observables can be determined to be non-zero.
Lepton Mixing Predictions from (Generalised) CP and Discrete Flavour Symmetry
Neder, Thomas
2015-01-01
An important class of flavour groups, that are subgroups of $U(3)$ and that predict experimentally viable lepton mixing parameters including Majorana phases, is the $\\Delta(6n^2)$ series. The most well-known member is $\\Delta(24)=S_4$. I present results of several extensive studies of lepton mixing predictions obtained in models with a $\\Delta(6n^2)$ flavour group that preserve either the full residual $Z_2\\times Z_2$ or a $Z_2$ subgroup for neutrinos and can include a generalised CP symmetry. Predictions include mixing angles and Dirac CP phase generally; and if invariance under a generalised CP symmetry is included, also Majorana phases. For this, the interplay of flavour group and generalised CP symmetry has to be studied carefully.
Polosukhina, N.; Shavrina, A.; Drake, N.; Kudryavtsev, D.; Smirnova, M.
The lithium problem in Ap-CP stars has for a long time been a subject of debates. Individual characteristics of CP stars, such as a high abundance of rare-earth elements, the presence of magnetic fields, complex structures of the surface distribution of chemical elements, rapid oscillations of some CP stars, make the detection of lithium lines, and determination of lithium abundance a challenging task. The lithium problem in Ap-CP stars was discussed during the meeting in Slovakia in 1996. The results of the Li study, carried out in CrAO (Polosukhina, 1973 - 1976), the works of Faraggiana & Hack (1963), Wallerstein & Hack (1964), Faraggiana et al. (1992 - 1996) formed the basis of the international project, called Lithium in the Cool CP Stars with Magnetic Fields. The main goal of the project was, using systematical observations of Ap-CP stars with phase rotation in the spectral regions of the resonance doublet Li I 6708 Å and subordinate 6104 Å lithium lines with different telescopes, to create a database, which will permit to explain the physical origin of the anomalous Li abundance in the atmospheres of these stars.
CP-Miner : A hybrid Approach for Colorectal Polyp Detection
Ms. M. Vanitha,; Prof. P. Tamije Selvy; Dr. V.Palanisamy,; Prof. AR.Sivakumaran
2010-01-01
Computed Tomography Colonography (CTC) is the new generation technique for detecting colorectal polyps using volumetric CT data combined with Computer Aided Detection (CAD) system. The aim of this paper is to detail the implementation of a fully integrated CP-Minersystem that is able to identify the polyps in the CT data. The CP-Miner system has a multistage implementation whose main system components are: 1. Interpolation, 2. Automatic Colon Segmentation,3.Feature extraction, 4.Polyp Detecti...
Prospects for Higgs CP property measurements at the LHC
Chen, Xin; The ATLAS collaboration
2016-01-01
This document is prepared for the LCWS2016 conference. It reviews the current results on the Higgs CP property measurements from both ATLAS and CMS experiemnts in the Higgs to diboson decays, and in the Vector Boson Fusion production of Higgs via the ditau decay channel. The projected sensitivity of the ditau signal in HL-LHC is breifly discussed. Finally, it gives prospects for the CP measurement in the Higgs to ditau decay with tau substructure developments at both collaborations.
Dynamical CP violation of the generalized Yang-Mills model
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG Dian-Fu; SUN Xiao-Yu; CHANG Xiao-Jing
2011-01-01
Starting from the generalized Yang-Mills model which contains, besides the vector part Vμ, also a scalar part S and a pseudoscalar part P. It is shown, in terms of the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) mechanism,that CP violation can be realized dynamically. The combination of the generalized Yang-MiUs model and the NJL mechanism provides a new way to explain CP violation.
CP Violation in Production and Decay of Supersymmetric Particles
2005-01-01
In this thesis we analyze CP violating effects of MSSM phases in production and two-body decays of neutralinos, charginos and sfermions. For different supersymmetric processes we define and calculate CP-odd asymmetries, which base on triple products. We present numerical results for electron-positron collisions at a future linear collider with a center of mass energy of 500-800 GeV, high luminosity and longitudinally polarized beams.
CP violation in production and decay of supersymmetric particles
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kittel, O.
2004-07-01
In this thesis we analyze CP violating effects of MSSM phases in production and two-body decays of neutralinos, charginos and sfermions. For different supersymmetric processes we define and calculate CP-odd asymmetries, which base on triple products. We present numerical results for electron-positron collisions at a future linear collider with a center of mass energy of 500-800 GeV, high luminosity and longitudinally polarized beams. (Orig.)
Direct CP violation in b --> d J/$\\psi$ decays
Dunietz, Isard
1994-01-01
We investigate the possibility of observing direct CP violation in self-tagging B-meson decays of the type b -> d J/\\psi. The CP asymmetry can be generated due to strong or electromagnetic scattering in the final state, or due to long distance effects. The first two contributions give asymmetries of a few 10^(-3), in the standard model. The long distance effects are hard to estimate, but it cannot be excluded that they yield asymmetries of about 1%.
Quark flavor mixing, CP violation, and all that
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gilman, F.J.
1988-04-01
We review the present state of knowledge of the mixing of quark flavors under weak interactions and the associated explanation of CP violation inherent in the single nontrivial phase present in the three-generation mixing matrix. In this context we present the phenomenological basis for the increasing possibility that large CP violation asymmetries can be experimentally observed in the B meson system. 39 refs., 11 figs.,
CP violation in B hadron decays at LHCb
Perazzini, S
2015-01-01
LHCb is one of the four major experiments operating at the Large Hadron Collider, and is specifically dedicated to the measurement of CP violation and rare decays in the beauty and charm quark sectors. In this report we present some of the latest and most relevant CP violation measurements in B hadron decays, performed by LHCb using the data sample collected during 2011 and 2012
Probing CP Violation with Kinematic Reconstruction at the LHC
Rolbiecki, K; Tattersall, J; Wienemann, P
2010-01-01
We discuss the potential of observing effects of CP-violation phases in squark decay chains at the LHC. As the CP-odd observable, we use the asymmetry composed by triple products of final state momenta. There are good prospects of observing these effects using the method of kinematic reconstruction for the final and intermediate state particles. We also discuss the main experimental factors and the expected sensitivity.
Probing CP violation with kinematic reconstruction at the LHC
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Moortgat-Pick, G.; Tattersall, J. [IPPP, Department of Physics, University of Durham, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom); Wienemann, P. [Department of Physics, University of Bonn, Nussallee 12, 53115 Bonn (Germany); Rolbiecki, K.
2010-07-15
We discuss the potential of observing effects of CP-violation phases in squark decay chains at the LHC[1]. As the CP-odd observable, we use the asymmetry composed by triple products of final state momenta. There are good prospects of observing these effects using the method of kinematic reconstruction for the final and intermediate state particles. We also discuss the main experimental factors and the expected sensitivity. (Abstract Copyright [2010], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)
CP Violation in SUSY Cascade Decay Chains at the LHC
Moortgat-Pick, G; Tattersall, J; Wienemann, P
2009-01-01
We discuss the potential to observe effects of CP violation in squark decay chains at the LHC. As the CP-violating observable we use the asymmetry composed by triple products of final state momenta. Extending methods for momentum reconstruction we show that there are good prospects for observation of these effects at the LHC. Finally, we include the main experimental factors and discuss the expected sensitivity.
Klumpp, Jochen; Schmuki, Martina; Sozhamannan, Shanmuga; Beyer, Wolfgang; Fouts, Derrick E; Bernbach, Vanessa; Calendar, Richard; Loessner, Martin J
2014-08-01
The Bacillus ACT group includes three important pathogenic species of Bacillus: anthracis, cereus and thuringiensis. We characterized three virulent bacteriophages, Bastille, W.Ph. and CP-51, that infect various strains of these three species. We have determined the complete genome sequences of CP-51, W.Ph. and Bastille, and their physical genome structures. The CP-51 genome sequence could only be obtained using a combination of conventional and second and third next generation sequencing technologies - illustrating the problems associated with sequencing highly modified DNA. We present evidence that the generalized transduction facilitated by CP-51 is independent of a specific genome structure, but likely due to sporadic packaging errors of the terminase. There is clear correlation of the genetic and morphological features of these phages validating their placement in the Spounavirinae subfamily (SPO1-related phages) of the Myoviridae. This study also provides tools for the development of phage-based diagnostics/therapeutics for this group of pathogens.
FEQ for Standard OFDM Systems with Insufficient CP
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CHENShaoping; YAOTianren
2004-01-01
In Orthogonai frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems, when the length of the Cyclic prefix (CP) is shorter than the channel length, there exist Intersymbol interference (ISI) and Interchannel interference (ICI) and the one-tap frequency domain equalizer is not applicable any more. A Time-domain equalizer (TEQ) is usually used in the receiver to reduce the duration of the overall response of the transmission system, and therefore minimize the ISI and ICI. However, the optimum design of TEQ turns out to be a difficult task. In this paper, we propose a Frequency domain equalizer (FEQ) for standard OFDM systems with insufficient CP by employing the null side sub-carriers and CP redundancy. The equalizer has a sparse matrix structure and thus a low computational complexity. Theoretical anaiysis and simulation results indicate that it can efficiently remove ISI and ICI caused by insufficient CP and recover the transmitted data. Moreover, we derive the condition for the existence and uniqueness of FEQ, i.e., the combined length of CP and null subcarriers is not shorter than the channel order, which means that the insufficiency of CP in time domain can be compensated by the redundancy in frequency domain.
Ectopically tethered CP190 induces large-scale chromatin decondensation
Ahanger, Sajad H.; Günther, Katharina; Weth, Oliver; Bartkuhn, Marek; Bhonde, Ramesh R.; Shouche, Yogesh S.; Renkawitz, Rainer
2014-01-01
Insulator mediated alteration in higher-order chromatin and/or nucleosome organization is an important aspect of epigenetic gene regulation. Recent studies have suggested a key role for CP190 in such processes. In this study, we analysed the effects of ectopically tethered insulator factors on chromatin structure and found that CP190 induces large-scale decondensation when targeted to a condensed lacO array in mammalian and Drosophila cells. In contrast, dCTCF alone, is unable to cause such a decondensation, however, when CP190 is present, dCTCF recruits it to the lacO array and mediates chromatin unfolding. The CP190 induced opening of chromatin may not be correlated with transcriptional activation, as binding of CP190 does not enhance luciferase activity in reporter assays. We propose that CP190 may mediate histone modification and chromatin remodelling activity to induce an open chromatin state by its direct recruitment or targeting by a DNA binding factor such as dCTCF.
CP Violation in $D^0\\rightarrow K_SK_S$
Nierste, Ulrich
2015-01-01
The direct CP asymmetry $a_{CP}^{\\mathrm{dir}}(D^0\\rightarrow K_SK_S)$ involves exchange diagrams which are induced at tree-level in the Standard Model. Since the corresponding topological amplitude $E_{KK}$ can be large, $D^0\\rightarrow K_SK_S$ is a promising discovery channel for charm CP violation. We estimate the penguin annihilation amplitude with a perturbative calculation and extract the exchange amplitude $E_{KK}$ from a global fit to $D$ branching ratios. Our results are further used to predict the size of mixing-induced CP violation. We obtain $\\vert a_{CP}^{\\mathrm{dir}}(D^0\\rightarrow K_SK_S)\\vert \\leq 1.1\\%$ (95\\% C.L.). The same bound applies to the nonuniversal part of the phase between the $D\\!-\\overline{\\!D}\\,$ mixing and decay amplitudes. If future data exceed our predictions, this will point to new physics or an enhancement of the penguin annihilation amplitude by QCD dynamics. We briefly discuss the implications of these possibilities for other CP asymmetries.
Searches for New Physics in CP Violation from BABAR
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Palombo, Fernando [Universita di Milano, Dipartimento di Fisica, Milano (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Milano (Italy). et al.
2015-05-12
Results of recent searches for new physics in CP violation in charm decays from the BABAR experiment are presented. These results include a measurement of D^{0} - anti D^{0} mixing and searches for CP violation in two-body D^{0} decays, a search for CP violation in the charm decays D^{±} → K_{S}^{0}K ^{±} and D_{ s}^{±} → K_{S}^{0}K^{±} , K_{S}^{0}π^{±} , and a search for direct CP violation in the singly-Cabibbo suppressed D^{±} → K^{+}K^{-}π^{±}decays. These studies are based on the final dataset collected by BABAR at the PEP-II B factory at SLAC in the period 1999-2008. No evidence of CP violation is found in these charm decays. The measured mixing parameter y_{CP} = [0.72 ± 0.18(stat) ± 0.12(syst)]% excludes the no-mixing null hypothesis with a significance of 3.3σ .
Suppressed $B \\to PV $ CP asymmetry: CPT constraint
Nogueira, J H Alvarenga; Frederico, T; Magalhães, P C; Rodriguez, J Molina
2016-01-01
Charge Parity asymmetry in charmless B meson decays is a key issue to be understood. Many theoretical calculations have been performed using short distance factorization approaches which, in general, do not take into account the CPT invariance constraint. For each channel with CP violation there is an equal amount of CP asymmetry in another channel or other channels, with an opposite sign. This happens if these channels are coupled through final state interactions (FSI). In the specific process $B\\to PV$, involving one pseudo-scalar and one vector particle in the final state, we argue that the CP asymmetry, inherent from a short distance mechanism, could be suppressed due to the CPT constraint. In this case, we propose a sensitive and practical experimental method to identify even a small CP asymmetry, which provides the values for $A_{CP}$ without the need for an amplitude analysis. This method, if applied directly to data, will enable to extract the CP asymmetry information in a model independent way and ch...
New FOCUS results on charm mixing and CP violation
Bianco, S; Paolone, V S; Reyes, M; Yager, P M; Anjos, J C; Bediaga, I; Göbel, C; Magnin, J; De Miranda, J M; Pepe, I M; Dos Reis, A C; Simão, F R A; Carrillo, S; Casimiro, E; Méndez, H; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Uribe, C; Vásquez, F; Cinquini, L; Cumalat, J P; Ramírez, J E; O'Reilly, B; Butler, J N; Vaandering, E W; Cheung, H W K; Gaines, I; Garbincius, P H; Garren, L A; Gottschalk, E E; Gourlay, S A; Kasper, P H; Kreymer, A E; Kutschke, R; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Sarwar, S; Zallo, A; Cawlfield, C; Kim, D Y; Park, K S; Rahimi, A; Gardner, R; Wiss, J; Chung, Y S; Kang, J S; Ko, B R; Kwak, J W; Lee, K B; Myung, S S; Park, H; Alimonti, G; Boschini, M; Brambilla, D; Caccianiga, B; Calandrino, A; D'Angelo, P; Di Corato, M; Dini, P; Giammarchi, M G; Inzani, P; Leveraro, F; Malvezzi, S; Menasce, D; Mezzadri, M; Milazzo, L; Moroni, L; Pedrini, D; Prelz, F; Rovere, M; Sala, A; Sala, S; Arena, V; Davenport, T F; Boca, G; Bonomi, G; Gianini, G; Liguori, G; Merlo, M; Pantea, D; Ratti, S P; Riccardi, C; Torre, P; Viola, L; Vitulo, P; Hernández, H; López, A M; Méndez, L; Mirles, M A; Montiel, E; Olaya, D; Quinones, J; Rivera, C; Zhang, Y; Copty, N K; Purohit, M; Wilson, J R; Cho, K; Handler, T; Engh, D; Johns, W E; Hosack, M; Nehring, M S; Sales, M; Sheldon, P D; Stenson, K; Webster, M S; Sheaff, M; Kwon, Y; Bianco, Stefano
2001-01-01
We present a summary of recent results on CP violation and mixing in the charm quark sector based on a high statistics sample collected by photoproduction experiment FOCUS (E831 at Fermilab). We have measured the difference in lifetimes for the $D^0$ decays: $D^0 \\to K^-\\pi^+$ and $D^0 \\to K^-K^+$. This translates into a measurement of the $y_{CP}$ mixing parameter in the $\\d0d0$ system, under the assumptions that $K^-K^+$ is an equal mixture of CP odd and CP even eigenstates, and CP violation is negligible in the neutral charm meson system. We verified the latter assumption by searching for a CP violating asymmetry in the Cabibbo suppressed decay modes $D^+ \\to K^-K^+\\pi^+$, $D^0 \\to K^-K^+$ and $D^0 \\to \\pi^-\\pi^+$. We show preliminary results on a measurement of the branching ratio $\\Gamma(D^{*+}\\to \\pi^+ (K^+\\pi^-))/\\Gamma(D^{*+}\\to \\pi^+ (K^-\\pi^+))$.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Valérie Grandjean
Full Text Available Site-specific methylation of cytosines is a key epigenetic mark of vertebrate DNA. While a majority of the methylated residues are in the symmetrical (meCpG:Gp(meC configuration, a smaller, but significant fraction is found in the CpA, CpT and CpC asymmetric (non-CpG dinucleotides. CpG methylation is reproducibly maintained by the activity of the DNA methyltransferase 1 (Dnmt1 on the newly replicated hemimethylated substrates (meCpG:GpC. On the other hand, establishment and hereditary maintenance of non-CpG methylation patterns have not been analyzed in detail. We previously reported the occurrence of site- and allele-specific methylation at both CpG and non-CpG sites. Here we characterize a hereditary complex of non-CpG methylation, with the transgenerational maintenance of three distinct profiles in a constant ratio, associated with extensive CpG methylation. These observations raised the question of the signal leading to the maintenance of the pattern of asymmetric methylation. The complete non-CpG pattern was reinstated at each generation in spite of the fact that the majority of the sperm genomes contained either none or only one methylated non-CpG site. This observation led us to the hypothesis that the stable CpG patterns might act as blueprints for the maintenance of non-CpG DNA methylation. As predicted, non-CpG DNA methylation profiles were abrogated in a mutant lacking Dnmt1, the enzymes responsible for CpG methylation, but not in mutants defective for either Dnmt3a or Dnmt2.
Measurement of the direct $CP$-violating parameter $A_{CP}$ in the decay $D^+ \\to K^-\\pi^+\\pi^+$
Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; Abbott, Braden Keim; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath; Adams, Mark Raymond; Adams, Todd; Agnew, James P; Alexeev, Guennadi D; Alkhazov, Georgiy D; Alton, Andrew K; Askew, Andrew Warren; Atkins, Scott; Augsten, Kamil; Avila, Carlos A; Badaud, Frederique; Bagby, Linda F; Baldin, Boris; Bandurin, Dmitry V; Banerjee, Sunanda; Barberis, Emanuela; Baringer, Philip S; Bartlett, JFrederick; Bassler, Ursula Rita; Bazterra, Victor; Bean, Alice L; Begalli, Marcia; Bellantoni, Leo; Beri, Suman B; Bernardi, Gregorio; Bernhard, Ralf Patrick; Bertram, Iain A; Besancon, Marc; Beuselinck, Raymond; Bhat, Pushpalatha C; Bhatia, Sudeep; Bhatnagar, Vipin; Blazey, Gerald Charles; Blessing, Susan K; Bloom, Kenneth A; Boehnlein, Amber S; Boline, Daniel Dooley; Boos, Edward E; Borissov, Guennadi; Borysova, Maryna; Brandt, Andrew; Brandt, Oleg; Brock, Raymond L; Bross, Alan D; Brown, Duncan Paul; Bu, Xue-Bing; Buehler, Marc; Buescher, Volker; Bunichev, Viacheslav Yevgenyevich; Burdin, Sergey; Buszello, Claus Peter; Camacho-Perez, Enrique; Casey, Brendan Cameron Kieran; Castilla-Valdez, Heriberto; Caughron, Seth Aaron; Chakrabarti, Subhendu; Chan, Kwok Ming Leo; Chandra, Avdhesh; Chapon, Emilien; Chen, Guo; Cho, Sung-Woong; Choi, Suyong; Choudhary, Brajesh C; Cihangir, Selcuk; Claes, Daniel R; Clutter, Justace Randall; Cooke, Michael P; Cooper, William Edward; Corcoran, Marjorie D; Couderc, Fabrice; Cousinou, Marie-Claude; Cutts, David; Das, Amitabha; Davies, Gavin John; de Jong, Sijbrand Jan; De La Cruz-Burelo, Eduard; Deliot, Frederic; Demina, Regina; Denisov, Dmitri S; Denisov, Sergei P; Desai, Satish Vijay; Deterre, Cecile; DeVaughan, Kayle Otis; Diehl, HThomas; Diesburg, Michael; Ding, Pengfei; Dominguez, DAaron M; Dubey, Abhinav Kumar; Dudko, Lev V; Duperrin, Arnaud; Dutt, Suneel; Eads, Michael T; Edmunds, Daniel L; Ellison, John A; Elvira, VDaniel; Enari, Yuji; Evans, Harold G; Evdokimov, Valeri N; Faure, Alexandre; Feng, Lei; Ferbel, Thomas; Fiedler, Frank; Filthaut, Frank; Fisher, Wade Cameron; Fisk, HEugene; Fortner, Michael R; Fox, Harald; Fuess, Stuart C; Garbincius, Peter H; Garcia-Bellido, Aran; Garcia-Gonzalez, Jose Andres; Gavrilov, Vladimir B; Geng, Weigang; Gerber, Cecilia Elena; Gershtein, Yuri S; Ginther, George E; Gogota, Olga; Golovanov, Georgy Anatolievich; Grannis, Paul D; Greder, Sebastien; Greenlee, Herbert B; Grenier, Gerald Jean; Gris, Phillipe Luc; Grivaz, Jean-Francois; Grohsjean, Alexander; Gruenendahl, Stefan; Gruenewald, Martin Werner; Guillemin, Thibault; Gutierrez, Gaston R; Gutierrez, Phillip; Haley, Joseph Glenn Biddle; Han, Liang; Harder, Kristian; Harel, Amnon; Hauptman, John Michael; Hays, Jonathan M; Head, Tim; Hebbeker, Thomas; Hedin, David R; Hegab, Hatim; Heinson, Ann; Heintz, Ulrich; Hensel, Carsten; Heredia-De La Cruz, Ivan; Herner, Kenneth Richard; Hesketh, Gavin G; Hildreth, Michael D; Hirosky, Robert James; Hoang, Trang; Hobbs, John D; Hoeneisen, Bruce; Hogan, Julie; Hohlfeld, Mark; Holzbauer, Jenny Lyn; Howley, Ian James; Hubacek, Zdenek; Hynek, Vlastislav; Iashvili, Ia; Ilchenko, Yuriy; Illingworth, Robert A; Ito, Albert S; Jabeen, Shabnam; Jaffre, Michel J; Jayasinghe, Ayesh; Jeong, Min-Soo; Jesik, Richard L; Jiang, Peng; Johns, Kenneth Arthur; Johnson, Emily; Johnson, Marvin E; Jonckheere, Alan M; Jonsson, Per Martin; Joshi, Jyoti; Jung, Andreas Werner; Juste, Aurelio; Kajfasz, Eric; Karmanov, Dmitriy Y; Katsanos, Ioannis; Kaur, Manbir; Kehoe, Robert Leo Patrick; Kermiche, Smain; Khalatyan, Norayr; Khanov, Alexander; Kharchilava, Avto; Kharzheev, Yuri N; Kiselevich, Ivan Lvovich; Kohli, Jatinder M; Kozelov, Alexander V; Kraus, James Alexander; Kumar, Ashish; Kupco, Alexander; Kurca, Tibor; Kuzmin, Valentin Alexandrovich; Lammers, Sabine Wedam; Lebrun, Patrice; Lee, Hyun-Su; Lee, Seh-Wook; Lee, William M; Lei, Xiaowen; Lellouch, Jeremie; Li, Dikai; Li, Hengne; Li, Liang; Li, Qi-Zhong; Lim, Jeong Ku; Lincoln, Donald W; Linnemann, James Thomas; Lipaev, Vladimir V; Lipton, Ronald J; Liu, Huanzhao; Liu, Yanwen; Lobodenko, Alexandre; Lokajicek, Milos; Lopes de Sa, Rafael; Luna-Garcia, Rene; Lyon, Adam Leonard; Maciel, Arthur KA; Madar, Romain; Magana-Villalba, Ricardo; Malik, Sudhir; Malyshev, Vladimir L; Mansour, Jason; Martinez-Ortega, Jorge; McCarthy, Robert L; Mcgivern, Carrie Lynne; Meijer, Melvin M; Melnitchouk, Alexander S; Menezes, Diego D; Mercadante, Pedro Galli; Merkin, Mikhail M; Meyer, Arnd; Meyer, Jorg Manfred; Miconi, Florian; Mondal, Naba K; Mulhearn, Michael James; Nagy, Elemer; Narain, Meenakshi; Nayyar, Ruchika; Neal, Homer A; Negret, Juan Pablo; Neustroev, Petr V; Nguyen, Huong Thi; Nunnemann, Thomas P; Orduna, Jose de Jesus Hernandez; Osman, Nicolas Ahmed; Osta, Jyotsna; Pal, Arnab; Parashar, Neeti; Parihar, Vivek; Park, Sung Keun; Partridge, Richard A; Parua, Nirmalya; Patwa, Abid; Penning, Bjoern; Perfilov, Maxim Anatolyevich; Peters, Reinhild Yvonne Fatima; Petridis, Konstantinos; Petrillo, Gianluca; Petroff, Pierre; Pleier, Marc-Andre; Podstavkov, Vladimir M; Popov, Alexey V; Prewitt, Michelle; Price, Darren; Prokopenko, Nikolay N; Qian, Jianming; Quadt, Arnulf; Quinn, Breese; Ratoff, Peter N; Razumov, Ivan A; Ripp-Baudot, Isabelle; Rizatdinova, Flera; Rominsky, Mandy Kathleen; Ross, Anthony; Royon, Christophe; Rubinov, Paul Michael; Ruchti, Randal C; Sajot, Gerard; Sanchez-Hernandez, Alberto; Sanders, Michiel P; Santos, Angelo Souza; Savage, David G; Savitskyi, Mykola; Sawyer, HLee; Scanlon, Timothy P; Schamberger, RDean; Scheglov, Yury A; Schellman, Heidi M; Schwanenberger, Christian; Schwienhorst, Reinhard H; Sekaric, Jadranka; Severini, Horst; Shabalina, Elizaveta K; Shary, Viacheslav V; Shaw, Savanna; Shchukin, Andrey A; Simak, Vladislav J; Skubic, Patrick Louis; Slattery, Paul F; Smirnov, Dmitri V; Snow, Gregory R; Snow, Joel Mark; Snyder, Scott Stuart; Soldner-Rembold, Stefan; Sonnenschein, Lars; Soustruznik, Karel; Stark, Jan; Stoyanova, Dina A; Strauss, Michael G; Suter, Louise; Svoisky, Peter V; Titov, Maxim; Tokmenin, Valeriy V; Tsai, Yun-Tse; Tsybychev, Dmitri; Tuchming, Boris; Tully, Christopher George T; Uvarov, Lev; Uvarov, Sergey L; Uzunyan, Sergey A; Van Kooten, Richard J; van Leeuwen, Willem M; Varelas, Nikos; Varnes, Erich W; Vasilyev, Igor A; Verkheev, Alexander Yurievich; Vertogradov, Leonid S; Verzocchi, Marco; Vesterinen, Mika; Vilanova, Didier; Vokac, Petr; Wahl, Horst D; Wang, Michael HLS; Warchol, Jadwiga; Watts, Gordon Thomas; Wayne, Mitchell R; Weichert, Jonas; Welty-Rieger, Leah Christine; Williams, Mark Richard James; Wilson, Graham Wallace; Wobisch, Markus; Wood, Darien Robert; Wyatt, Terence R; Xie, Yunhe; Yamada, Ryuji; Yang, Siqi; Yasuda, Takahiro; Yatsunenko, Yuriy A; Ye, Wanyu; Ye, Zhenyu; Yin, Hang; Yip, Kin; Youn, Sungwoo; Yu, Jiaming; Zennamo, Joseph; Zhao, Tianqi Gilbert; Zhou, Bing; Zhu, Junjie; Zielinski, Marek; Zieminska, Daria; Zivkovic, Lidija
2014-01-01
We measure the direct CP-violating parameter A_CP for the decay of the charged charm meson, D+ -> K-pi+pi+ (and charge conjugate), using the full 10.4 fb-1 sample of ppbar collisions at sqrt(s) = 1.96 TeV collected by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. We extract the raw reconstructed charge asymmetry by fitting the invariant mass distributions for the sum and difference of charge-specific samples. This quantity is then corrected for detector-related asymmetries using data-driven methods and for possible physics asymmetries (from B -> D processes) using input from Monte Carlo simulation. We measure A_CP = [-0.16 +- 0.15 (stat.) +- 0.09 (syst.)]%, which is consistent with zero, as expected from the standard model prediction of CP conservation, and is the most precise measurement of this quantity to date
Integration of CpG-free DNA induces de novo methylation of CpG islands in pluripotent stem cells
Takahashi, Yuta
2017-05-05
CpG islands (CGIs) are primarily promoter-associated genomic regions and are mostly unmethylated within highly methylated mammalian genomes. The mechanisms by which CGIs are protected from de novo methylation remain elusive. Here we show that insertion of CpG-free DNA into targeted CGIs induces de novo methylation of the entire CGI in human pluripotent stem cells (PSCs). The methylation status is stably maintained even after CpG-free DNA removal, extensive passaging, and differentiation. By targeting the DNA mismatch repair gene MLH1 CGI, we could generate a PSC model of a cancer-related epimutation. Furthermore, we successfully corrected aberrant imprinting in induced PSCs derived from an Angelman syndrome patient. Our results provide insights into how CpG-free DNA induces de novo CGI methylation and broaden the application of targeted epigenome editing for a better understanding of human development and disease.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
赵旭安; 高红铸; 邱怀东
2006-01-01
在有理曲面(CP2#n-CP2)的极小亏格问题研究中有3个关键因素:广义附加公式,Lorentz空间上的正交群作用以及几何构造.本文证明了CP2#n-CP2的2维同调类在微分同胚群作用下的标准型的唯一性(见定义1.1和定理1.1).利用几何构造,确定了某些同调类的极小亏格(见定理1.2).
Measurement of CP-Asymmetries for the Decays B+/- to D_cp Kstar+/- with the BABAR Detector
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2004-01-01
Using a sample of 227 million $\\Upsilon(4S) \\to B \\bar{B}$ events collected with the $BABAR$ detector at the PEP-II $B$ Factory in 1999--2004, we study $B^- \\to D^0 K^*(892)^-$ decays where $K^{*-} \\to K^0_S \\pi^-$ and $D^0 \\to K^-\\pi^+, K^- \\pi^+ \\pi^0, K^-\\pi^+ \\pi^+ \\pi^-$ (non-CP final states), $K^+ K^-, \\pi^+ \\pi^- (CP+$ eigenstates), $K^0_S~\\pi^0, K^0_S \\phi$ and $K^0_S \\omega (CP-$ eigenstates). The partial rate charge asymmetries $\\mathcal{A}_{CP}$ and the ratios $\\mathcal{R}_{CP}$ defined in the literature as the sum of the $B^+$ and $B^-$ partial rates to a charged $K^*$ and a $D^0 CP$-eigenstate divi ded by the $B \\to D^0 K^*$ decay rate, %of the \\ensuremath{\\Bu}\\xspace\\xspace m \\ensuremath{\\to}\\xspace \\Dcp \\ensuremath{K^*}\\xspacepm branch ing fractions summed over %\\B charge to the \\ensuremath{B^-}\\xspace \\xspace\\ensuremath{\\to}\\xspace \\ensuremath{D^0}\\xspace \\ensu remath{K^{*-}}\\xspace branching fraction are sensitive to the angle $\\gamma$ of the CKM unitarity triangle. We measure: \\mathcal{A}_{C...
Lillard, V A
2004-01-01
This dissertation presents a measurement of time- dependent CP -violating asymmetries and a measurement of the CP-odd parity fraction in the decay B0 → D*+D*−. The measurements are derived from a data sample of 88 × 106 BB¯ pairs collected by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B Factory located at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. A one- dimensional angular analysis of the decay products measures the CP-odd fraction to be 0.063 ± 0.055(stat) ± 0.009(syst), indicating that the D* +D*− final state is mostly CP-even. The time- dependent CP asymmetry parameters Iml+ and | l+ | are determined from an analysis of the time-dependence of flavor-tagged B decays. One neutral B meson is fully reconstructed in a D*+D* − final state, while the other B is inclusively reconstructed in order to determine its flavor. The Standard Model predicts the CP asymmetry parameters Iml+ and | l+ | to be −sin2&...
Lillard, Vincent A.
This dissertation presents a measurement of time-dependent CP -violating asymmetries and a measurement of the CP-odd parity fraction in the decay B0 → D*+D*-. The measurements are derived from a data sample of 88 x 106 BB¯ pairs collected by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B Factory located at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. A one-dimensional angular analysis of the decay products measures the CP-odd fraction to be 0.063 +/- 0.055(stat) +/- 0.009(syst), indicating that the D* +D*- final state is mostly CP-even. The time-dependent CP asymmetry parameters Iml+ and | l+ | are determined from an analysis of the time-dependence of flavor-tagged B decays. One neutral B meson is fully reconstructed in a D*+D* - final state, while the other B is inclusively reconstructed in order to determine its flavor. The Standard Model predicts the CP asymmetry parameters Iml+ and | l+ | to be -sin2beta and 1, respectively, in the absence of penguin diagram contributions. They are determined to be 0.05 +/- 0.29(stat) +/- 0.10(syst) and 0.75 +/- 0.19(stat) +/- 0.02(syst), respectively, which corresponds to a 2.5 sigma deviation from Standard Model predictions with penguin contributions ignored.
3D loop models and the CP(n-1) sigma model.
Nahum, Adam; Chalker, J T; Serna, P; Ortuño, M; Somoza, A M
2011-09-09
Many statistical mechanics problems can be framed in terms of random curves; we consider a class of three-dimensional loop models that are prototypes for such ensembles. The models show transitions between phases with infinite loops and short-loop phases. We map them to CP(n-1) sigma models, where n is the loop fugacity. Using Monte Carlo simulations, we find continuous transitions for n=1, 2, 3, and first order transitions for n≥5. The results are relevant to line defects in random media, as well as to Anderson localization and (2+1)-dimensional quantum magnets.
Clustering and decomposition for non BPS solutions of the $\\mathbb{CP}^{N-1}$ models
Bolognesi, S
2013-01-01
We look at solutions (both BPS and non-BPS) of the $\\mathbb{CP}^{N-1}$ model on $\\mathbb{R} \\times S^1$ (with twisted boundary conditions), in particular by using a conformal mapping technique, and we show how to interpret these solutions by decomposing them into expressions describing constituent solitons. We point out the problems that may arise (for non-BPS solutions) when one naively looks at the clustering properties of these solutions. This could lead to misunderstandings when studying extrapolations between small and large compactification radii.
CP VIOLATIONS (AND MORE AFTER THE FIRST TWO YEARS OF LHCB
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Giulio Auriemma
2013-12-01
Full Text Available The most interesting cosmological open problems, baryon asymmetry, dark matter, inflation and dark energy, are not explained by the standard model of particle physics (SM. The finalgoal of the Large Hadron Collider an experimental verification of the SM in the Higgs sector, and also a search for evidence of new physics beyond it. In this paper we will report some of the results obtained in 2010 and 2011, from the LHCb experiment dedicated to the study of CP violations and rare decays of heavy quarks.
Tanaka, Shizuyo; Yagi, Yurie; Yamazaki, Tohru; Mitsumoto, Atsushi; Kobayashi, Daisuke; Kudo, Naomi; Kawashima, Yoichi
2012-01-01
The fatty acid profile of hepatic lipid in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR)/NDmcr-cp (cp/cp) rats (SHR/NDcp), which offer an animal model of the metabolic syndrome, was characterized by comparing those in Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY), SHR, stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) and SHR/NDmcr-cp (+/+) rats (SHR/ND+) . Hierarchical clustering analysis revealed that SHR/NDcp and the other four strains and/or substrains of rats were clearly disparate in fatty acid profile of hepatic lipid and that the disparity observed was due to the drastic increases in the mass of monounsaturated fatty acids, especially palmitoleic acid and oleic acid, in the liver of SHR/NDcp. Activities of stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) and palmitoyl-CoA chain elongase in hepatic microsomes of SHR/NDcp were markedly higher than those of WKY, SHR, SHRSP and SHR/ND+. Activities of palmitoleoyl-CoA chain elongase in the liver of SHR/NDcp were also higher, but to a lesser extent. mRNA levels of SCD1 and elongation of very long-chain fatty acids (Elovl6), but not Elovl5, in the liver of SHR/NDcp were remarkably higher than those of the other four groups of rats. These results suggest that the enhanced expressions of SCD1 and Elovl6 induced abnormalities in fatty acid profile in the liver of SHR/NDcp.
Shargh, Vahid Heravi; Jaafari, Mahmoud Reza; Khamesipour, Ali; Jaafari, Iman; Jalali, Seyed Amir; Abbasi, Azam; Badiee, Ali
2012-06-06
First generation Leishmania vaccines consisting of whole killed parasites with or without adjuvants have reached phase 3 trial and failed to show enough efficacy mainly due to the lack of an appropriate adjuvant. In this study, the nuclease-resistant phosphorothioate CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (PS CpG) or nuclease-sensitive phosphodiester CpG ODNs (PO CpG) were used as adjuvants to enhance immunogenicity and rate of protection against leishmaniasis. Due to the susceptibility of PO CpG to nuclease degradation, an efficient liposomal delivery system was developed to protect them from degradation. 1, 2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane (DOTAP) as a cationic lipid was used because of its unique adjuvanticity and electrostatic interaction with negatively charged CpG ODNs. To evaluate the role of liposomal formulation in protection rate and enhanced immune response, BALB/c mice were immunized subcutaneously with liposomal soluble Leishmania antigens (SLA) co-incorporated with PO CpG (Lip-SLA-PO CpG), Lip-SLA-PS CpG, SLA+PO CpG, SLA+PS CpG, SLA or buffer. As criteria for protection, footpad swelling at the site of challenge, parasite loads, the levels of IFN-γ and IL-4, and the IgG subtypes were evaluated. The groups of mice receiving Lip-SLA-PO CpG or Lip-SLA-PS CpG showed a high protection rate compared with the control groups. In addition, there was no significant difference in immune response generation between mice immunized with PS CpG and the group receiving PO CpG when incorporated into the liposomes. The results suggested that liposomal form of PO CpG might be used instead of PS CpG in future vaccine formulations as an efficient adjuvant. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Erythroid cell-specific alpha-globin gene regulation by the CP2 transcription factor family.
Kang, Ho Chul; Chae, Ji Hyung; Lee, Yeon Ho; Park, Mi-Ae; Shin, June Ho; Kim, Sung-Hyun; Ye, Sang-Kyu; Cho, Yoon Shin; Fiering, Steven; Kim, Chul Geun
2005-07-01
We previously demonstrated that ubiquitously expressed CP2c exerts potent erythroid-specific transactivation of alpha-globin through an unknown mechanism. This mechanism is reported here to involve specific CP2 splice variants and protein inhibitor of activated STAT1 (PIAS1). We identify a novel murine splice isoform of CP2, CP2b, which is identical to CP2a except that it has an additional 36 amino acids encoded by an extra exon. CP2b has an erythroid cell-specific transcriptional activation domain, which requires the extra exon and can form heteromeric complexes with other CP2 isoforms, but lacks the DNA binding activity found in CP2a and CP2c. Transcriptional activation of alpha-globin occurred following dimerization between CP2b and CP2c in erythroid K562 and MEL cells, but this dimerization did not activate the alpha-globin promoter in nonerythroid 293T cells, indicating that an additional erythroid factor is missing in 293T cells. PIAS1 was confirmed as a CP2 binding protein by the yeast two-hybrid screen, and expression of CP2b, CP2c, and PIAS1 in 293T cell induced alpha-globin promoter activation. These results show that ubiquitously expressed CP2b exerts potent erythroid cell-specific alpha-globin gene expression by complexing with CP2c and PIAS1.
Erythroid Cell-Specific α-Globin Gene Regulation by the CP2 Transcription Factor Family
Kang, Ho Chul; Chae, Ji Hyung; Lee, Yeon Ho; Park, Mi-Ae; Shin, June Ho; Kim, Sung-Hyun; Ye, Sang-Kyu; Cho, Yoon Shin; Fiering, Steven; Kim, Chul Geun
2005-01-01
We previously demonstrated that ubiquitously expressed CP2c exerts potent erythroid-specific transactivation of α-globin through an unknown mechanism. This mechanism is reported here to involve specific CP2 splice variants and protein inhibitor of activated STAT1 (PIAS1). We identify a novel murine splice isoform of CP2, CP2b, which is identical to CP2a except that it has an additional 36 amino acids encoded by an extra exon. CP2b has an erythroid cell-specific transcriptional activation domain, which requires the extra exon and can form heteromeric complexes with other CP2 isoforms, but lacks the DNA binding activity found in CP2a and CP2c. Transcriptional activation of α-globin occurred following dimerization between CP2b and CP2c in erythroid K562 and MEL cells, but this dimerization did not activate the α-globin promoter in nonerythroid 293T cells, indicating that an additional erythroid factor is missing in 293T cells. PIAS1 was confirmed as a CP2 binding protein by the yeast two-hybrid screen, and expression of CP2b, CP2c, and PIAS1 in 293T cell induced α-globin promoter activation. These results show that ubiquitously expressed CP2b exerts potent erythroid cell-specific α-globin gene expression by complexing with CP2c and PIAS1. PMID:15988015
Spontaneous CP Violation in the Left-Right-Symmetric Model
Ball, P
2000-01-01
We investigate the pattern of CP violation in \\Kd, \\Bd and \\Bs mixing in a symmetrical \\model model with spontaneous CP violation. Performing a careful analysis of all relevant restrictions on the model's parameters from $\\Delta M_K$, $\\Delta M_{B_d}$, $\\Delta M_{B_s}$, $\\epsilon_K$, the sign of \\ee and the mixing-induced CP asymmetry in \\goldd, we find that the mass of the right-handed charged gauge-boson, $M_2$, is restricted to be in the range 2.75 to 13$ $TeV, and that the mass of the flavour-changing neutral-Higgs bosons, $M_H$, must be between 10.2 to 14.6$ $TeV. We also find that the model, although still compatible with present experimental data, cannot accomodate the SM prediction of large CP violation in \\goldd, but, on the other hand, predicts a large CP-asymmetry of ${\\cal O}(40%)$ in \\golds. These specific predictions make it possible to submit the model to a scrupulous test at B factories and hadron colliders.
Worm Algorithm for CP(N-1) Model
Rindlisbacher, Tobias
2017-01-01
The CP(N-1) model in 2D is an interesting toy model for 4D QCD as it possesses confinement, asymptotic freedom and a non-trivial vacuum structure. Due to the lower dimensionality and the absence of fermions, the computational cost for simulating 2D CP(N-1) on the lattice is much lower than that for simulating 4D QCD. However, to our knowledge, no efficient algorithm for simulating the lattice CP(N-1) model has been tested so far, which also works at finite density. To this end we propose a new type of worm algorithm which is appropriate to simulate the lattice CP(N-1) model in a dual, flux-variables based representation, in which the introduction of a chemical potential does not give rise to any complications. In addition to the usual worm moves where a defect is just moved from one lattice site to the next, our algorithm additionally allows for worm-type moves in the internal variable space of single links, which accelerates the Monte Carlo evolution. We use our algorithm to compare the two popular CP(N-1) l...
Worm algorithm for the CP N - 1 model
Rindlisbacher, Tobias; de Forcrand, Philippe
2017-05-01
The CP N - 1 model in 2D is an interesting toy model for 4D QCD as it possesses confinement, asymptotic freedom and a non-trivial vacuum structure. Due to the lower dimensionality and the absence of fermions, the computational cost for simulating 2D CP N - 1 on the lattice is much lower than that for simulating 4D QCD. However, to our knowledge, no efficient algorithm for simulating the lattice CP N - 1 model for N > 2 has been tested so far, which also works at finite density. To this end we propose a new type of worm algorithm which is appropriate to simulate the lattice CP N - 1 model in a dual, flux-variables based representation, in which the introduction of a chemical potential does not give rise to any complications. In addition to the usual worm moves where a defect is just moved from one lattice site to the next, our algorithm additionally allows for worm-type moves in the internal variable space of single links, which accelerates the Monte Carlo evolution. We use our algorithm to compare the two popular CP N - 1 lattice actions and exhibit marked differences in their approach to the continuum limit.
Measurement of Indirect CP Violation in Charm at LHCb
AUTHOR|(INSPIRE)INSPIRE-00342046
This thesis describes two pieces of work. The first is a study of the resolution of the LHCb vertex locator throughout Run 1. The second comprises analyses to measure the charm mixing and $CP$ violation observables $A_{\\Gamma}$ and $y_{CP}$. An estimate of the resolution of the LHCb vertex locator is required for use in the track fits. A method to measure the resolution with collision data has been developed and tested. The performance of the sub-detector throughout Run 1 of the LHC has been assessed. A significant degrading of the resolution has been seen. The effects of this on the track reconstruction has been examined with little change in the measured quantities being observed. The measurement of indirect $CP$ violation in neutral $D$ meson transitions has been measured through the observables $A_{\\Gamma}$ and $y_{CP}$, using $fb^{-1}$ of $pp$ collisions with a centre of mass energy $7 TeV$, collected by the LHCb detector in 2011. $A_{\\Gamma}$ describes the $CP$ asymmetry of the lifetime of the $D^0$ dec...
Searches for CP violation in two-body charm decays
AUTHOR|(CDS)2073698
2015-01-01
The LHCb experiment recorded data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.0 $fb^{-1}$ during its first run of data taking. These data yield the largest samples of charmed hadrons in the world and are used to search for CP violation in the $D^0$ system. Among the many measurements performed at LHCb, a measurement of the direct CP asymmetry in $D^0 \\rightarrow K_S^0 K_S^0$ decays is presented and is found to be $A_{CP}(D^0 \\rightarrow K_S^0 K_S^0) = (-2.9 \\pm 5.2 \\pm 2.2)\\, \\%, $ where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. This represents a significant improvement in precision over the previous measurement of this parameter. Measurements of the parameter $A^\\Gamma$, defined as the CP asymmetry of the $D^0$ effective lifetime when decaying to a CP eigenstate, are also presented. Using semi-leptonic b-hadron decays to tag the flavour of the $D^0$ meson at production with the $K^+K^-$ and $\\pi^+\\pi^-$ final states yields $A^\\Gamma(K^+K^-) = (-0.134 \\pm 0.077^{+0.026}_{-0.034})\\, \\%...
Measurements of CP Asymmetries in the Decay B --> Phi K
Aubert, B; Abrams, G S; Adye, T; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Albert, J; Aleksan, Roy; Allison, J; Allmendinger, T; Altenburg, D; Andreotti, M; Angelini, C; Anulli, F; Aston, D; Azzolini, V; Baak, M; Back, J J; Bailey, S; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Band, H R; Banerjee, Sw; Barate, R; Bard, D J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Barrett, M; Bartoldus, R; Batignani, G; Bauer, J M; Beck, T W; Behera, P K; Bellini, F; Benayoun, M; Berger, N; Bernard, D; Berryhill, J W; Best, D; Bettarini, S; Bettoni, D; Bevan, A J; Bhimji, W; Bianchi, F; Biasini, M; Blanc, F; Blaylock, G; Blinov, A E; Blinov, V E; Bloom, P; Bóna, M; Bondioli, M; Bonneaud, G R; Borgland, A W; Bosisio, L; Boutigny, D; Bowerman, D A; Boyarski, A M; Boyd, J T; Bozzi, C; Brandenburg, G; Brandt, T; Brau, J E; Breon, A B; Briand, H; Brochard, F; Brose, J; Brown, C L; Brown, C M; Brown, D; Brown, D N; Bruinsma, M; Brunet, S; Bucci, F; Buchanan, C; Buchmüller, O L; Bugg, W; Bulten, H; Burchat, Patricia R; Button-Shafer, J; Buzzo, A; Côté, D; Cahn, R N; Calabrese, R; Calcaterra, A; Calderini, G; Campagnari, C; Capra, R; Carpinelli, M; Cartaro, C; Cavallo, N; Cavoto, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Chao, M; Charles, E; Charles, M J; Chauveau, J; Chavez, C A; Chen, A; Chen, E; Chen, J C; Chen, S; Cheng, B; Cheng, C H; Chevalier, N; Christ, S; Cibinetto, G; Clark, P J; Claus, R; Cochran, J; Colecchia, F; Coleman, J P; Contri, R; Convery, M R; Cormack, C M; Cossutti, F; Cottingham, W N; Couderc, F; Covarelli, R; Cowan, G; Cowan, R; Crawley, H B; Cremaldi, L M; Cristinziani, M; Crosetti, G; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Dahmes, B; Dallapiccola, C; Danielson, N; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Dauncey, P D; David, P; Davier, M; Davis, C L; Day, C T; De Groot, N; De Nardo, Gallieno; Del Buono, L; Della Ricca, G; Di Lodovico, F; Dickopp, M; Dittongo, S; Dong, D; Dorfan, J; Dorigo, A; Druzhinin, V P; Dubitzky, R S; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Dvoretskii, A; Eckmann, R; Edwards, A J; Egede, U; Eichenbaum, A M; Eigen, G; Eisner, A M; Elmer, P; Elsen, E E; Emery, S; Ernst, J A; Eschenburg, V; Eschrich, I; Fabozzi, F; Faccini, R; Fan, S; Farbin, A; Feltresi, E; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Field, R C; Finocchiaro, G; Flack, R L; Flächer, H U; Flood, K T; Ford, K E; Ford, W T; Forster, I J; Forti, F; Fortin, D; Foulkes, S D; Franek, B J; Frey, R; Fritsch, M; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, Erwin; Gaidot, A; Gaillard, J M; Gaillard, J R; Galeazzi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Gamet, R; Gan, K K; Ganzhur, S F; Gary, J W; Gaspero, M; Gatto, C; Geddes, N I; Gill, M S; Giorgi, M A; Giraud, P F; Giroux, X; Gladney, L; Glanzman, T; Godang, R; Goetzen, K; Golubev, V B; Gopal, G P; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M; Grancagnolo, S; Green, M G; Greene, M G; Grenier, G J; Grenier, P; Gritsan, A V; Grosdidier, G; Groysman, Y; Guo, Q H; Hadavand, H K; Hadig, T; Haire, M; Halyo, V; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Hamon, O; Harrison, P F; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hart, P A; Hartfiel, B L; Harton, J L; Hast, C; Hauke, A; Hawkes, C M; Hearty, C; Held, T; Hertzbach, S S; Heusch, C A; Hicheur, A; Hill, E J; 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2004-01-01
We present a preliminary measurement of the time-dependent CP asymmetry for the neutral $B$-meson decay $B^0\\to\\phi K^0$. We use a sample of approximately 227 million $B$-meson pairs recorded at the $\\Upsilon(4S)$ resonance with the BaBar detector at the PeP-II $B$-meson Factory at SLAC. We reconstruct the $CP$ eigenstates $\\phi K^0_S$ and $\\phi K^0_L$ where $\\phi\\to K^+K^-$, $K^0_S\\to\\pi^+\\pi^-$, and $K^0_L$ is observed via its hadronic interactions. The other $B$ meson in the event is tagged as either a $B^0$ or $\\bar{B}^0$ from its decay products. The values of the CP-violation parameters derived from the combined $\\phi K^0$ dataset are $S_{\\phi K} = +0.50\\pm 0.25 ({\\small stat})^{+0.07}_{-0.04} ({\\small syst})$ and $C_{\\phi K} = 0.00\\pm 0.23 ({\\small stat}) \\pm 0.05 ({\\small syst})$. In addition, we measure the CP -violating charge asymmetry $\\mathcal{A_{CP}} (B^+\\to \\phi K^+) = 0.054\\pm 0.056 ({\\small stat}) \\pm 0.012 ({\\small syst})$. All results are preliminary.
New Observables for CP Violation in Higgs Decays
Chen, Yi; Low, Ian; Vega-Morales, Roberto
2014-01-01
Current experimental data on the 125~GeV Higgs boson still allow room for large CP violation.~The observables usually considered in this context are triple product asymmetries, which require an input of four visible particles after imposing momentum conservation.~We point out a new class of CP-violating effects in Higgs physics without recourse to triple products.~They may arise if the process involves an interference of different intermediate particles, which provide distinct "strong phases" in the form of the Breit-Wigner widths in addition to possible "weak phases" that arise from CP violating couplings of the Higgs in the Lagrangian.~As an example, we propose a forward-backward asymmetry of the charged lepton in the three-body Higgs decay, $h\\to \\ell^-\\ell^+ \\gamma$, as a probe for CP-violating Higgs couplings to $Z\\gamma$ and $\\gamma\\gamma$ pairs.~Other processes exhibiting this type of CP-violation are also discussed.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Formica, A
2001-10-01
The 2 first chapters of this thesis are dedicated to the theoretical and experimental aspects of CP violation. The NA48 experiment is a third generation experiment like KTeV, NA48 has been designed to collect data concerning the simultaneous detection of the 4 decay modes: K{sub L,S} {yields} {pi}{pi} and to provide the measurement of the parameter of direct CP violation with an uncertainty nearing 2*10{sup -4}. The third chapter describes the experimental equipment of NA48 in CERN: the production of K{sub L} and K{sub S} beams, the tagging system, the detection system for K {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, the detection system for K {yields} {pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}, the data acquisition system, and the trigger system. Chapter 4 is dedicated to the selection and identification of events. Chapter 5 deals with specific problems concerning the detection of {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, it means: the dead time in the triggering system, the overflow of the chamber reading system and the inefficiency of shift chambers. Chapter 6 lists the different corrections and systematic errors concerning the double ratio R, and gives the following result: Re({epsilon}'/{epsilon}=(14.4{+-}2.6)*10{sup -4}) which is by itself, for the first time, an evidence of direct violation. (A.C.)
Early-Onset Conduct Problems: Intersection of Conduct Problems and Poverty
Shaw, Daniel S.; Shelleby, Elizabeth C.
2014-01-01
The current paper reviewed extant literature on the intersection between poverty and the development of conduct problems (CP) in early childhood. Associations between exposure to poverty and disruptive behavior were reviewed through the framework of models emphasizing how the stressors associated with poverty indirectly influence child CP by compromising parent psychological resources, investments in children’s welfare, and/or caregiving quality. We expanded upon the most well studied of these models, the family stress model, by emphasizing the mediating contribution of parent psychological resources on children’s risk for early CP, in addition to the mediating effects of parenting. Specifically, in we focused on the contribution of maternal depression, both in terms of compromising parenting quality and exposing children to even higher levels of stressful events and contexts. Implications of the adapted family stress model were then discussed in terms of its implications for the prevention and treatment of young children’s emerging CP. PMID:24471370
Early-starting conduct problems: intersection of conduct problems and poverty.
Shaw, Daniel S; Shelleby, Elizabeth C
2014-01-01
The current article reviews extant literature on the intersection between poverty and the development of conduct problems (CP) in early childhood. Associations between exposure to poverty and disruptive behavior are reviewed through the framework of models emphasizing how the stressors associated with poverty indirectly influence child CP by compromising parent psychological resources, investments in children's welfare, and/or caregiving quality. We expand on the best-studied model, the family stress model, by emphasizing the mediating contribution of parent psychological resources on children's risk for early CP, in addition to the mediating effects of parenting. Specifically, we focus on the contribution of maternal depression, in terms of both compromising parenting quality and exposing children to higher levels of stressful events and contexts. Implications of the adapted family stress model are then discussed in terms of its implications for the prevention and treatment of young children's emerging CP.
抑癌基因CpG岛甲基化与结直肠癌关系的研究进展%CpG island methylation of tumor suppressor genes in colorectal cancer
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
彭星宇
2012-01-01
CpG island methylation can lead to epigenetic transcription inactivation of the tumor suppressor gene, and in some circumstances it maybe the only mechanism of tumor suppressor gene inactivation, which directly results in the occurrence of the tumors. This paper overviews the relations of the CpG island methylation of the tumor suppressor gene such as Syk; and of pi5 with colorectal cancer, and also presents related problems and future considerations.%CpG岛甲基化可导致抑癌基因的表观遗传学转录失活,在某些情况下可能是抑癌基因失活的惟一机制,直接导致肿瘤的发生.笔者对Syk,p15,hMLH1,APC,DCC,p16等抑癌基因CpG岛甲基化与结直肠癌的关系进行简要综述,并提出存在的问题和展望.
Stahl, Kolja; Schneider, Michael; Brock, Oliver
2017-06-17
Accurately predicted contacts allow to compute the 3D structure of a protein. Since the solution space of native residue-residue contact pairs is very large, it is necessary to leverage information to identify relevant regions of the solution space, i.e. correct contacts. Every additional source of information can contribute to narrowing down candidate regions. Therefore, recent methods combined evolutionary and sequence-based information as well as evolutionary and physicochemical information. We develop a new contact predictor (EPSILON-CP) that goes beyond current methods by combining evolutionary, physicochemical, and sequence-based information. The problems resulting from the increased dimensionality and complexity of the learning problem are combated with a careful feature analysis, which results in a drastically reduced feature set. The different information sources are combined using deep neural networks. On 21 hard CASP11 FM targets, EPSILON-CP achieves a mean precision of 35.7% for top- L/10 predicted long-range contacts, which is 11% better than the CASP11 winning version of MetaPSICOV. The improvement on 1.5L is 17%. Furthermore, in this study we find that the amino acid composition, a commonly used feature, is rendered ineffective in the context of meta approaches. The size of the refined feature set decreased by 75%, enabling a significant increase in training data for machine learning, contributing significantly to the observed improvements. Exploiting as much and diverse information as possible is key to accurate contact prediction. Simply merging the information introduces new challenges. Our study suggests that critical feature analysis can improve the performance of contact prediction methods that combine multiple information sources. EPSILON-CP is available as a webservice: http://compbio.robotics.tu-berlin.de/epsilon/.
Aubert, B; Abrams, G S; Adye, T; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Albert, J; Aleksan, Roy; Allison, J; Allmendinger, T; Altenburg, D; Andreotti, M; Angelini, C; Anulli, F; Aston, D; Azzolini, V; Baak, M; Back, J J; Bailey, S; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Band, H R; Banerjee, Sw; Barate, R; Bard, D J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Barrett, M; Bartoldus, R; Batignani, G; Bauer, J M; Beck, T W; Behera, P K; Bellini, F; Benayoun, M; Berger, N; Bernard, D; Berryhill, J W; Best, D; Bettarini, S; Bettoni, D; Bevan, A J; Bhimji, W; Bianchi, F; Biasini, M; Blanc, F; Blaylock, G; Blinov, A E; Blinov, V E; Bloom, P; Bóna, M; Bondioli, M; Bonneaud, G R; Borgland, A W; Bosisio, L; Boutigny, D; Bowerman, D A; Boyarski, A M; Boyd, J T; Bozzi, C; Brandenburg, G; Brandt, T; Brau, J E; Breon, A B; Briand, H; Brochard, F; Brose, J; Brown, C L; Brown, C M; Brown, D; Brown, D N; Bruinsma, M; Brunet, S; Bucci, F; Buchanan, C; Buchmüller, O L; Bugg, W; Bulten, H; Burchat, Patricia R; Button-Shafer, J; Buzzo, A; Côté, D; Cahn, R N; Calabrese, R; Calcaterra, A; Calderini, G; Campagnari, C; Capra, R; Carpinelli, M; Cartaro, C; Cavallo, N; Cavoto, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Chao, M; Charles, E; Charles, M J; Chauveau, J; Chavez, C A; Chen, A; Chen, E; Chen, J C; Chen, S; Cheng, B; Cheng, C H; Chevalier, N; Christ, S; Cibinetto, G; Clark, P J; Claus, R; Cochran, J; Colecchia, F; Coleman, J P; Contri, R; Convery, M R; Cormack, C M; Cossutti, F; Cottingham, W N; Couderc, F; Covarelli, R; Cowan, G; Cowan, R; Crawley, H B; Cremaldi, L M; Cristinziani, M; Crosetti, G; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Dahmes, B; Dallapiccola, C; Danielson, N; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Dauncey, P D; David, P; Davier, M; Davis, C L; Day, C T; De Groot, N; De Nardo, Gallieno; Del Buono, L; Della Ricca, G; Di Lodovico, F; Dickopp, M; Dittongo, S; Dong, D; Dorfan, J; Dorigo, A; Druzhinin, V P; Dubitzky, R S; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Dvoretskii, A; Eckmann, R; Edwards, A J; Egede, U; Eichenbaum, A M; Eigen, G; Eisner, A M; Elmer, P; Elsen, E E; Emery, S; Ernst, J A; Eschenburg, V; Eschrich, I; Fabozzi, F; Faccini, R; Fan, S; Farbin, A; Feltresi, E; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Field, R C; Finocchiaro, G; Flack, R L; Flächer, H U; Flood, K T; Ford, K E; Ford, W T; Forster, I J; Forti, F; Fortin, D; Foulkes, S D; Franek, B J; Frey, R; Fritsch, M; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, Erwin; Gaidot, A; Gaillard, J M; Gaillard, J R; Galeazzi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Gamet, R; Gan, K K; Ganzhur, S F; Gary, J W; Gaspero, M; Gatto, C; Geddes, N I; Gill, M S; Giorgi, M A; Giraud, P F; Giroux, X; Gladney, L; Glanzman, T; Godang, R; Goetzen, K; Golubev, V B; Gopal, G P; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M; Grancagnolo, S; Green, M G; Greene, M G; Grenier, G J; Grenier, P; Gritsan, A V; Grosdidier, G; Groysman, Y; Guo, Q H; Hadavand, H K; Hadig, T; Haire, M; Halyo, V; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Hamon, O; Harrison, P F; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hart, P A; Hartfiel, B L; Harton, J L; Hast, C; Hauke, A; Hawkes, C M; Hearty, C; Held, T; Hertzbach, S S; Heusch, C A; Hicheur, A; Hill, E J; Hitlin, D G; Höcker, A; Hodgkinson, M C; Hollar, J J; Honscheid, K; Hrynóva, T; Hufnagel, D; Hulsbergen, W D; Hutchcroft, D E; Igonkina, O; Innes, W R; Ivanchenko, V N; Izen, J M; Jackson, P D; Jackson, P S; Jacobsen, R G; Jawahery, A; Jayatilleke, S M; Jessop, C P; John, M J J; Johnson, J R; Judd, D; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J; Kagan, H; Karyotakis, Yu; Kass, R; Kelly, M P; Kelsey, M H; Kerth, L T; Khan, A; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kirkby, D; Kitayama, I; Knecht, N S; Koch, H; Kocian, M L; Kofler, R; Kolomensky, Yu G; Koptchev, V B; Kovalskyi, D; Kowalewski, R V; Kozanecki, Witold; Kravchenko, E A; Krishnamurthy, M; Kroeger, R; Kroseberg, J; Kukartsev, G; Kutter, P E; Kyberd, P; Lacker, H M; Lae, C K; Lafferty, G D; Lamsa, J; Lanceri, L; Lange, D J; Langenegger, U; Lankford, A J; Laplace, S; Latham, T E; Lau, Y P; Lavin, D; Lazzaro, A; Le Diberder, F R; Lees, J P; Legendre, M; Leith, D W G S; Lepeltier, V; Leruste, P; Lewandowski, B; Li Gioi, L; Li, H; Libby, J; Lillard, V; Lista, L; Liu, R; LoSecco, J M; Lo Vetere, M; Lockman, W S; Lombardo, V; London, G W; Long, O; Lou, X C; Lu, A; Lü, C; Luitz, S; Luppi, E; Lusiani, A; Lüth, V; Lutz, A M; Lynch, G; Lynch, H L; Lyon, A J; MacFarlane, D B; Macri, M; Malcles, J; Mallik, U; Mancinelli, G; Mandelkern, M A; Manfredi, P F; Mangeol, D J J; Marchiori, G; Margoni, M; Marsiske, H; Martínez-Vidal, F; Mattison, T S; Mayer, B; Mazur, M A; Mazzoni, M A; McKenna, J A; McMahon, T R; Meadows, B T; Messner, R; Meyer, T I; Meyer, W T; Miftakov, V; Mihályi, A; Mir, L M; Mohanty, G B; Mohapatra, A K; Mommsen, R K; Monge, M R; Monorchio, D; Moore, T B; Morandin, M; Morgan, S E; Morganti, M; Morganti, S; Morii, M; Morton, G W; Muheim, F; Müller, D R; Müller-Pfefferkorn, R; Narsky, I; Nash, J A; Nauenberg, U; Neal, H; Negrini, M; Neri, N; Nesom, G; Nicholson, H; Nikolich, M B; Nogowski, R; O'Grady, C P; Ocariz, J; Oddone, P J; Ofte, I; Olaiya, E O; Olivas, A; Olsen, J; Onuchin, A P; Orimoto, T J; Otto, S; Ozcan, V E; Paar, H P; Paick, K; Palano, A; Palombo, F; Pan, Y; Panetta, J; Panvini, R S; Paoloni, E; Paolucci, P; Parry, R J; Passaggio, S; Patel, P M; Patrignani, C; Patteri, P; Payne, D J; Pelizaeus, M; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Peruzzi, I M; Petersen, B A; Petersen, T C; Petrak, S; Petzold, A; Piatenko, T; Piccolo, D; Piccolo, M; Piemontese, L; Pierini, M; Pioppi, M; Piredda, G; Pivk, M; Plaszczynski, S; Playfer, S; Pompili, A; Poropat, P; Porter, F C; Posocco, M; Potter, C T; Prell, S; Prepost, R; Pripstein, M; Pulliam, T; Purohit, M V; Qi, N D; Rahatlou, S; Rahimi, A M; Rama, M; Rankin, P; Ratcliff, B N; Raven, G; Re, V; Reidy, J; Ricciardi, S; Richman, J D; Ritchie, J L; Rizzo, G; Roat, C; Roberts, D A; Robertson, S H; Robutti, E; Roe, N A; Röthel, W; Ronan, Michael T; Roney, J M; Rong, G; Roodman, A; Roos, L; Rosenberg, E I; Rotondo, M; Rubin, A E; Ryd, A; Saeed, M A; Safai-Tehrani, F; Saleem, M; Salnikov, A A; Salvatore, F; Samuel, A; Sanders, D A; Sandrelli, F; Santroni, A; Saremi, S; Sarti, A; Satpathy, A; Schalk, T; Schindler, R H; Schott, G; Schrenk, S; Schubert, J; Schubert, Klaus R; Schumm, B A; Schune, M H; Schwiening, J; Schwierz, R; Schwitters, R F; Sciacca, C; Sciolla, G; Seiden, A; Sekula, S J; Serednyakov, S I; Sharma, V; Shelkov, V G; Shen, B C; Simani, M C; Simi, G; Simonetto, F; Sinev, N B; Skovpen, Yu I; Sloane, R J; Smith, A J S; Smith, J G; Snoek, H L; Snyder, A; Sobie, R J; Soffer, A; Soha, A; Sokoloff, M D; Solodov, E P; Spaan, B; Spanier, S M; Spradlin, P; Stängle, H; Steinke, M; Stelzer, J; Stoker, D P; Stroili, R; Strom, D; Stugu, B; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Summers, D J; Sundermann, J E; T'Jampens, S; Tan, P; Tantot, L; Taras, P; Taylor, F; Taylor, G P; Telnov, A V; Teodorescu, L; Ter-Antonian, R; Therin, G; Thiebaux, C; Thiessen, D; Tiozzo, G; Tisserand, V; Toki, W H; Torrence, E; Tosi, S; Touramanis, C; Treadwell, E; Vasileiadis, G; Vasseur, G; Vavra, J; Verderi, M; Verkerke, W; Vitale, L; Voci, C; Voena, C; Vuagnin, G; Wagner, G; Wagner, S R; Wagoner, D E; Waldi, R; Walsh, J; Wang, K; Wang, P; Wappler, F R; Watson, A T; Weaver, M; Weidemann, A W; Weinstein, A J R; Wenzel, W A; Wilden, L; Williams, D C; Williams, J C; Willocq, S; Wilson, F F; Wilson, J R; Wilson, M G; Wilson, R J; Winter, M A; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Won, E; Wong, Q K; Wormser, G; Wright, D H; Wright, D M; Wu, J; Wu, S L; Xie, Y; Yamamoto, R K; Yang, S; Yarritu, A K; Ye, S; Yéche, C; Yi, J; Young, C C; Yu, Z; Yumiceva, F X; Yushkov, A N; Zallo, A; Zeng, Q; Zghiche, A; Zhang, J; Zhang, L; Zhao, H W; Zhu, Y S; Zito, M; De Sangro, R; Del Re, D; La Vaissière, C de
2004-01-01
We present a study of B--> D0(CP)K- decays, where D0(CP) is reconstructed in non-CP (K-pi+), CP-even (K-K+,pi-pi+) and CP-odd (KS0 pi0) eigenstates, based on a sample of about 214 million Y(4S) -> BBbar decays collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II e+e- storage ring. We measure the ratios of branching fractions R+ = [Br(B- ->D0_CP+ K-)+Br(B+ ->D0_CP+ K+)]/[Br(B- ->D0 K-)] = 0.87 +/- 0.14(stat) +/- 0.06(syst), R- = [Br(B- ->D0_CP- K-)+Br(B+ ->D0_CP- K+)]/[Br(B- ->D0 K-)] = 0.80 +/- 0.14(stat) +/- 0.08(syst), and the CP asymmetries A_CP+ = 0.40 +/- 0.15 (stat) +/- 0.08 (syst) and A_CP- = 0.21 +/- 0.17 (stat) +/- 0.07 (syst) All results are preliminary.
CpG 7909: PF 3512676, PF-3512676.
2006-01-01
CpG 7909 [PF-3512676] is an immunomodulating synthetic oligonucleotide designed to specifically agonise the Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9). It is being developed for the treatment of cancer [ProMune] as a monotherapy and in combination with chemotherapeutic agents, and it is also under development as an adjuvant [VaxImmune] for vaccines against cancer and infectious diseases. CpG 7909, acting through the TLR9 receptor present in B cells and plasmacytoid dendritic cells, stimulates human B-cell proliferation, enhances antigen-specific antibody production and induces interferon-alpha production, interleukin-10 secretion and natural killer cell activity. Coley Pharmaceutical Group originally developed CpG 7909 using its CpG DNA technology. In March 2005, Coley granted Pfizer an exclusive global license to develop and commercialise CPG 7909 [ProMune] for the treatment, control and prevention of multiple cancer indications. Coley licensed CpG 7909 [VaxImmune] to Chiron Corporation for adjuvant use with Chiron's prophylactic vaccine candidates against infectious diseases in December 2003. Chiron was acquired by and merged into Novartis in April 2006. In 2002, GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) was granted a worldwide, non-exclusive licence to Coley's CpG immunostimulatory oligonucleotides, including CpG 7909 [VaxImmune], for their use as adjuvants for cancer vaccines. In 2000, Coley entered into a co-exclusive licensing agreement with GSK for the development of therapeutic and prophylactic vaccines against infectious diseases. This licensing agreement included CpG 7909 [VaxImmune] and other CpG-based immunostimulatory oligonucleotides. In September 2004, Coley Pharmaceuticals was awarded a 16.9 million US dollars, 5-year contract from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), one of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), to support the development of novel immune-activating drugs for defense against bioterror agents. This contract will be used to expand Coley
Anatomy and phenomenology of flavor and CP violation in supersymmetric theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Altmannshofer, Wolfgang
2010-07-20
The main subject of this PhD thesis is a comprehensive and systematic analysis of flavor and CP violating low energy processes in the framework of the MSSM, the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model. Supersymmetric (SUSY) models are among the best motivated and most thoroughly analyzed New Physics (NP) models. The new degrees of freedom predicted by Supersymmetry are expected to have masses of the order of the TeV scale and the direct search for these particles is one of the major goals at the LHC. A complementary strategy to probe the MSSM is given by the analysis of low energy high-precision observables, that can be modified through virtual effects of the new degrees of freedom. Of particular importance in this respect are so-called Flavor Changing Neutral Current (FCNC) processes that, forbidden in the Standard Model at the tree level, are highly sensitive probes of the flavor structure of NP models. We first analyze model independently low energy processes that show high sensitivity to the new sources of flavor and CP violation contained in the MSSM. Next, we discuss in detail the rich flavor structure of the MSSM and the implied SUSY contributions to FCNC and CP violating observables both in the low and high tan {beta} regime. In fact, well measured low energy observables lead to remarkably strong constraints on the MSSM parameter space, which is often referred to as the SUSY flavor problem. We outline possibilities to control dangerously large SUSY effects in such observables and analyze the implied predictions for those low energy processes that are not measured with high precision, yet. We consider both the Minimal Flavor Violating MSSM and SUSY models based on abelian and non-abelian flavor symmetries that show representative flavor structures in the soft SUSY breaking terms. We identify the distinctive patterns of SUSY effects in the low energy observables, focussing in particular on CP violation in the b {yields} s{gamma} transition, the
Dual lattice representations for O(N and CP(N−1 models with a chemical potential
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Falk Bruckmann
2015-10-01
Full Text Available We derive dual representations for O(N and CP(N−1 models on the lattice. In terms of the dual variables the partition sums have only real and positive contributions also at finite chemical potential. Thus the complex action problem of the conventional formulation is overcome and using the dual variables Monte Carlo simulations are possible at arbitrary chemical potential.
CP-Miner : A hybrid Approach for Colorectal Polyp Detection
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ms. M. Vanitha,
2010-05-01
Full Text Available Computed Tomography Colonography (CTC is the new generation technique for detecting colorectal polyps using volumetric CT data combined with Computer Aided Detection (CAD system. The aim of this paper is to detail the implementation of a fully integrated CP-Minersystem that is able to identify the polyps in the CT data. The CP-Miner system has a multistage implementation whose main system components are: 1. Interpolation, 2. Automatic Colon Segmentation,3.Feature extraction, 4.Polyp Detection. The proposed system has the aim to reduce the number of false positives than the existing system. The developed system provides 100% sensitivity for polyps greater than 6mm, provides 83.33% sensitivity for polyps within 3 to 6mm, 69.23% sensitivity for polyps less than 3mm. The overall sensitivityof the CP-Miner system is 84.18%.
Cern Academic Training programme 2011 - Flavour Physics and CP Violation
PH Department
2011-01-01
LECTURE SERIES 4, 5, 6 and 7 April 2011 Flavour Physics and CP Violation Dr. Yosef Nir (Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel 11:00-12:00 - 4, 6 and 7 April - Bldg. 222-R-001 - Filtration Plant 5 April - Bldg. 80-1-001 - Globe 1st Floor The B-factories have led to significant progress in our understanding of CP violation and of flavour physics. Yet, two flavour puzzles remain. The standard model flavour puzzle is the question of why there is smallness and hierarchy in the flavour parameters. The new physics flavour puzzle is the question of why TeV-scale new physics was not signalled in flavour changing neutral current processes. The high pT experiments, ATLAS and CMS, are likely to shed light on these puzzles. As concerns CP violation, the LHC will lead to progress on the puzzle of the baryon asymmetry as well.
W K H Panofsky prize awarded for CP violation
2006-01-01
Italo Mannelli (left) et Heinrich Wahl (right) at CERN after the announcement of the prize. The American Physical Society has recently announced its 2007 winners of the W K H Panofsky prize to CERN's Heinrich Wahl (now at the University of Ferrara), Italo Mannelli from Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa and Bruce Winstein of University of Chicago. These three physicists led experiments that resulted in a multitude of precision measurements of properties of neutral kaons, most notably the discovery of direct CP violation. The W K H Panofsky prize recognizes outstanding achievements in experimental particle physics. Wahl and Mannelli's important work at CERN with CP violation and neutral kaons in the 1970s paved the way for the NA31 experiment in the 1980s. This experiment, of which Wahl was the spokesperson, focused on and found the first evidence for direct CP violation. Mannelli played a leading role, particularly in implementing his knowledge of calorimetry using liquefied noble gases, a technique originally...
CP phase from twisted Higgs VEV in extra dimension
Fujimoto, Yukihiro; Sakamoto, Makoto
2013-01-01
We propose a new mechanism for generating CP phase via Higgs vacuum expectation value originating from geometry of an extra dimension. Allowing a twisted boundary condition for the Higgs doublet drives us into an extra-dimension-coordinate-dependent vacuum expectation value containing a CP phase degree of freedom. With this mechanism, we construct a phenomenological model on S1 which can simultaneously and naturally explain the origin of fermion generation, quark mass hierarchy, and the structure of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix with the CP phase. By introducing point interactions, which are additional boundary points on S1, the 5D quarks realize the three generations. Our situation is phenomenologically-preferred one since all the flavor structures are realized with good precision and almost all dimensionless scaled parameters take values of natural O(10) magnitudes. An almost exponential vacuum expectation value profile of a scalar singlet, which appears in the Yukawa sector, helps the naturalness in...
基于CP2102/CP2103的RS232接口转换为USB接口的应用设计%Design of RS232/USB upgrade based on CP2102/CP2103
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
徐民; 张博
2008-01-01
鉴于计算机对现有RS232接口设备控制需要,提出一种将现有设备的RS232接口升级为USB接口的设计方案.CP2102及CP2103是高集成度的USB-UART桥接器件,能以最简单的外部电路实现RS232接口转换为USB2.0接口.这里介绍了CP2103升级RS232在实际设备接口改造中的应用.
CP observables with spin-spin correlations in chargino production
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bartl, A. [Faculty of Physics, University of Vienna, Boltzmanngasse 5, A-1090 Wien (Austria); AHEP Group, Institut de Fisica Corpuscular-C.S.I.C., Universitat de Valencia, Edifici Instituts d' Investigacio, Apt. 22085, E-46071 Valencia (Spain); Hohenwarter-Sodek, K. [Faculty of Physics, University of Vienna, Boltzmanngasse 5, A-1090 Wien (Austria); Kernreiter, T. [Faculty of Physics, University of Vienna, Boltzmanngasse 5, A-1090 Wien (Austria)], E-mail: tkern@hephy.oeaw.ac.at; Kittel, O. [Physikalisches Institut der Universitaet Bonn, Nussallee 12, D-53115 Bonn (Germany); Terwort, M. [Institut fuer Experimentalphysik, Universitaet Hamburg, Notkestrasse 85, D-22607 Hamburg (Germany)
2008-10-11
We study the CP-violating terms of the spin-spin correlations in chargino production e{sup +}e{sup -}{yields}{chi}-tilde{sub 1}{sup {+-}}{chi}-tilde{sub 2}{sup {+-}}, and their subsequent two-body decays into sneutrinos plus leptons. We propose novel CP-sensitive observables with the help of T-odd products of the spin-spin terms. These terms depend on the polarizations of both charginos, with one polarization perpendicular to the production plane. We identify two classes of CP-sensitive observables; one requires the reconstruction of the production plane, the other not. Our framework is the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model with complex parameters.
The asymmetric Kerr metric as a source of CP violation
Hadley, Mark J
2011-01-01
All experimental evidence for violation of discrete spacetime symmetries: Parity and Time reversal and the related Charge conjugation/Parity combination (P, T and CP respectively) has been obtained on earth in a gravitational potential that is P and T anisotropic. It is suggested that the origin of the observed CP violation is the scalar field equal to the frame dragging term $d\\phi dt$ in the Kerr metric of a spinning massive body. The galaxy would be the largest such source. Indirect evidence of such an effect would be anisotropic decay products when plotted in a reference frame defined by the fixed stars. As a consequence, CP violation would be very much greater near compact astrophysical objects with large angular momentum.
CP Asymmetries in (Semi-)Inclusive $B^{0}$ Decays
Dunietz, Isard
1999-01-01
It was recently pointed out that inclusive B^0(t) decays could show CP violation. The totally inclusive asymmetry is expected to be tiny [O(10^{-3})] because of large cancellations among the asymmetries in the charmless, single charm and double charm final states. Enriching particular final state configurations could significantly increase the CP-asymmetry and observability. Such studies can extract fundamental CKM (Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa) parameters, and (perhaps) even Delta m(B_s). A superb vertex detector could see CP violation with 10^5 (10^6) flavor-tagged B_s (B_d) mesons within the CKM model. Because the effects could be significantly larger due to new physics, they should be searched for in existing or soon available data samples.
Leptonic {ital CP} violation in the supersymmetric standard model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Joshipura, A.S.; Nowakowski, M. [Theory Group, Physical Research Laboratory, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad 380 009 (India)
1995-05-01
We point out the possibility of spontaneous and hard {ital CP} violation in the scalar potential of the {ital R}-parity broken supersymmetric standard model. The existence of spontaneous {ital CP} violation depends crucially on the {ital R}-parity-breaking terms in the superpotential and, in addition, on the choice of the soft supersymmetry-breaking terms. Unlike in theories with {ital R}-parity conservation, it is natural, in the context of the present model, for the sneutrinos to acquire (complex) vacuum expectation values. In the context of this model we examine here the global implications, such as the strength of the {ital CP}-violating interactions and the neutrino masses.
Implications of CP violating 2HDM in B physics
Joshipura, Anjan S
2010-01-01
The charged fermion mass matrices are invariant under $U(1)^3$ symmetry linked to the fermion number transformation. Under the condition that the definition of this symmetry in arbitrary weak basis does not depend upon Higgs parameters such as ratio of vacuum expectation values, a class of two Higgs doublet models (2HDM) can be identified in which tree level flavor changing neutral currents normally present in 2HDM are absent. However unlike the type I or type II Higgs doublet models, the charged Higgs couplings in these models contain additional flavor dependent CP violating phases. These phases can account for the recent hints of the beyond standard model CP violation in the $B_d$ and $B_s$ mixing. In particular, there is a range of parameters in which new phases do not contribute to the $K$ meson CP violation but give identical new physics phases in the $B_d$ and $B_s$ meson mixing.
Formulation of vaccines containing CpG oligonucleotides and alum.
Aebig, Joan A; Mullen, Gregory E D; Dobrescu, Gelu; Rausch, Kelly; Lambert, Lynn; Ajose-Popoola, Olubunmi; Long, Carole A; Saul, Allan; Miles, Aaron P
2007-06-30
CpG oligodeoxynucleotides are potent immunostimulants. For parenterally delivered alum-based vaccines, the immunostimulatory effect of CpG depends on the association of the CpG and antigen to the alum. We describe effects of buffer components on the binding of CPG 7909 to aluminum hydroxide (Alhydrogel), assays for measuring binding of CPG 7909 to alum and CPG 7909 induced dissociation of antigen from the alum. Free CPG 7909 is a potent inducer of IP-10 in mice. However the lack of IP-10 production from formulations containing bound CPG 7909 suggested that CPG 7909 does not rapidly dissociate from the alum after injection. It also suggests that IP-10 assays are not a good basis for potency assays for alum-based vaccines containing CPG 7909.
CPLEAR et BABAR, all aspects of CP violation; CPLEAR et BABAR la violation de CP dans tous ses etats
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Yeche, Ch
2003-06-01
This report of French 'Habilitation a diriger les recherches' summarizes my scientific activity from 1993 to 2003. During this decade, my research work was related to two particle physics experiments: CPLEAR and BABAR. The first one, CPLEAR, has recorded data from 1988 to 1995 on the low energy anti-proton ring (LEAR) at CERN. This experiment was devoted to the study of T, CPT et CP discrete symmetries. The second experiment, BABAR, has been running since 1999, on the PEP-II B factory at SLAC. This experiment searches for CP violation and tests the Standard Model through the measurements of the angles and the sides of the Unitarity Triangle. My research work is divided in five main topics: Study of CP and CPT violation in K{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup +} {pi}{sup -} decays; Performance optimization of the particle identification detector (DIRC) of the BABAR experiment; B meson tagging in BABAR experiment; {delta}m{sub d} measurement and Search for CP and T violation in mixing with dilepton events; Search for CP violation in B{sup 0} {yields} {rho}{sup {+-}} {pi}{sup {+-}} and B{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup {+-}} K{sup {+-}} decays. (author)
Meaurement of CP content and time-dependent CP violation in neutral B meson going to D(+)D(-) decays
Anderson, Jacob M.
This dissertation presents the measurement of the the CP-odd fraction and time-dependent CP violation parameters for the B0 → D*+ D*- decay. These results are based on the full BABAR dataset of (467 +/- 5) x 106 BB¯ pairs collected at the PEP-II B Factory at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. An angular analysis finds that the CP-odd fraction of the B0 → D*+D*- decay is R⊥ = 0.158 +/- 0.028 +/- 0.006, where the first uncertainty is statistical, and the second is systematic. A fit to the flavor-tagged, time-dependent, angular decay rate yields C+=0.02+/-0.12+/-0.02 C⊥=0.41+/-0.50+/-0.08 S+=-0.76+/- 0.16+/-0.04 S⊥=-1.81+/- 0.71+/-0.16, for the CP-odd (⊥) and CP-even (+) contributions. Constraining these two contributions to be the same results in C=0.047+/-0.091+/-0.019 S=-0.71+/-0.16+/- 0.03. These measurements are consistent with the Standard Model and with measurements of sin2beta from B0 → (cc¯)K0 decays.
1H MAS and 1H --> 31P CP/MAS NMR study of human bone mineral.
Kaflak-Hachulska, A; Samoson, A; Kolodziejski, W
2003-11-01
Chemical structure of human bone mineral was studied by solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) with magic-angle spinning (MAS). Trabecular and cortical bone samples from adult subjects were compared with mineral standards: hydroxyapatite (HA), hydrated and calcined, carbonatoapatite of type B with 9 wt% of CO3(2-) (CHA-B), brushite (BRU) and mixtures of HA with BRU. Proton spectra were acquired with excellent spectral resolution provided by ultra-high speed MAS at 40 kHz. 2D 1H-31P NMR heteronuclear correlation was achieved by cross-polarization (CP) under fast MAS at 12 kHz. 31P NMR was applied with CP from protons under slow MAS at 1 kHz. Appearance of 31P rotational sidebands together with their CP kinetics were analyzed. It was suggested that the sidebands of CP spectra are particularly suitable for monitoring the state of apatite crystal surfaces. The bone samples appeared to be deficient in structural hydroxyl groups analogous to those in HA. We found no direct evidence that the HPO4(2-) brushite-like ions are present in bone mineral. The latter problem is extensively discussed in the literature. The study proves there is a similarity between CHA-B and bone mineral expressed by their similar NMR behavior.
Time-dependent CP violation in B decays at Belle
Santelj, Luka
2013-01-01
Using the full data sample collected with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy $e^+e^-$ collider, we present three recent measurements of time-dependent CP violation in $B$ decays, and a measurement of branching fraction of the $B^0\\to\\rho^0\\rho^0$ decay. We studied $B\\to\\omega K$ decays and measured the values of CP violation parameters in $B^0\\to\\omega K^0_S$ to be $A_{\\omega K^0_S} =-0.36\\pm 0.19(stat)\\pm 0.05(syst)$ and $S_{\\omega K^0_S}= +0.91\\pm 0.32 \\pm 0.05 $, which gives the first evidence of CP violation in this decay. In addition, we measured the direct CP violation in $B^+\\to\\omega K^+$ to be $A_{CP} (B^+ \\to \\omega K^+)=-0.03\\pm 0.04 \\pm 0.01$, and two branching fractions $B(B^0 \\to \\omega K^0)=(4.5\\pm 0.4\\pm 0.3) \\times 10^{-6}$ and $B(B^+ \\to \\omega K^+)=(6.8\\pm 0.4 \\pm 0.4) \\times 10^{-6}$ (preliminary). From the measurement of CP violation parameters in the $B^0\\to\\eta'K^0$ decay we obtain $S_{\\eta'K^0} = 0.68 \\pm 0.07\\pm 0.03$ and $A_{\\eta'K^0} = +0.03 \\pm 0.05\\pm 0.04$ (prelimin...
Quark CP-Phase and Froggatt-Nielsen Mechanism
Hattori, Chuichiro; Matsunaga, Mamoru; Matsuoka, Takeo
2015-01-01
On the basis of the Froggatt-Nielsen mechanism, we study quark flavor mixings in the $SU(6) \\times SU(2)_R$ model. The characteristic structure of the CKM matrix is attributed to the hierarchical effective Yukawa couplings due to the Froggatt-Nielsen mechanism and also to the state-mixings beyond the MSSM. We elucidate the detailed form of the CKM matrix elements and find interesting relations between the CP violating phase and three mixing angles. Taking the existing data of three mixing angles, we estimate the quark CP-phase at $\\delta = (75 \\pm 3)^{\\circ}$. This result is in accord with observations.
CP violation in charm and beauty decays at LHCb
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Pepe Altarelli, M., E-mail: monica.pepe.altarelli@cern.ch
2013-08-15
LHCb is a dedicated heavy flavour physics precision experiment at the LHC searching for New Physics (NP) beyond the Standard Model (SM) through the study of very rare decays of beauty and charm-flavoured hadrons and precision measurements of CP-violating observables. In this review I will present a selection of recent precision measurements of CP-violating observables in the decays of beauty and charm-flavoured hadrons. These measurements are based on an integrated luminosity of up to 1.0 fb{sup −1} collected by LHCb in 2011.
Efficient Cluster Algorithm for CP(N-1) Models
Beard, B B; Riederer, S; Wiese, U J
2006-01-01
Despite several attempts, no efficient cluster algorithm has been constructed for CP(N-1) models in the standard Wilson formulation of lattice field theory. In fact, there is a no-go theorem that prevents the construction of an efficient Wolff-type embedding algorithm. In this paper, we construct an efficient cluster algorithm for ferromagnetic SU(N)-symmetric quantum spin systems. Such systems provide a regularization for CP(N-1) models in the framework of D-theory. We present detailed studies of the autocorrelations and find a dynamical critical exponent that is consistent with z = 0.
Precise predictions of neutrino mixing angles and $CP$ phase
Abbas, Gauhar
2016-01-01
The neutrino mixing parameters are studied using renormalization-group evolution of Dirac neutrinos with recently proposed parameterization of the neutrino mixing angles referred as `high-scale mixing relations'. The correlations among all neutrino mixing and $CP$ violating parameters are investigated. The predictions for the neutrino mixing angles and the $CP$ phase are precise and could be easily tested by ongoing and future experiments. We observe that the high scale mixing unification hypothesis is incompatible with Dirac neutrinos due to updated experimental data.
$CP$ violation in $D$ meson decays at Belle
Prasanth, K
2016-01-01
$CP$ violation and branching fraction measurements in $D$ decays are interesting topics as any difference with respect to the Standard Model prediction would be an indication of new physics. With the large data sample collected by the Belle detector, which sits at the interaction point of KEKB asymmetric $e^{+} e^{-}$ collider in Japan, we present the results of searches for $CP$ violation in $D^{0}\\rightarrow V\\gamma~(V = \\phi, \\overline{K}^{*0}, \\rho^{0})$ decay and the rare $D$ decay $D^{0}\\rightarrow \\gamma \\gamma$.
Non-leptonic B-decays, CP violation & the UT
Safir, A S
2004-01-01
We study the implication of the time-dependent CP asymmetry in $B\\to\\pi^+\\pi^-$ decays on the extraction of weak phases taking into account the precise measurement of $\\sin 2\\beta$, obtained from the ``gold-plated''mode $B\\to J/\\psi K_S$. Predictions and uncertainties for the hadronic parameters are investigated in QCD factorization. Furthermore, independent theoretical and experimental tests of the factorization framework are briefly discussed. Finally, a model-independent bound on the unitarity triangle from CP violation in $B\\to\\pi^+\\pi^-$ and $B\\to J/\\psi K_S$ is derived.
Efficient cluster algorithm for CP(N-1) models
Beard, B. B.; Pepe, M.; Riederer, S.; Wiese, U.-J.
2006-11-01
Despite several attempts, no efficient cluster algorithm has been constructed for CP(N-1) models in the standard Wilson formulation of lattice field theory. In fact, there is a no-go theorem that prevents the construction of an efficient Wolff-type embedding algorithm. In this paper, we construct an efficient cluster algorithm for ferromagnetic SU(N)-symmetric quantum spin systems. Such systems provide a regularization for CP(N-1) models in the framework of D-theory. We present detailed studies of the autocorrelations and find a dynamical critical exponent that is consistent with z=0.
Prospects for Higgs CP property measurements at the LHC
Chen, Xin; The ATLAS collaboration
2017-01-01
This document is prepared for the LCWS2016 conference proceedings. It reviews the current results on the Higgs CP property measurements from both ATLAS and CMS experiments in the Higgs to diboson decays, and in the Vector Boson Fusion production of Higgs via the ditau decay channel. The projected sensitivity of the ditau signal in HL-LHC is briefly discussed. Finally, it gives the prospects for the CP measurement in the Higgs to ditau decay with the tau substructure developments at both collaborations.
On weak decays of heavy flavors, mixing and CP violation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bigi, I.I.
1987-10-01
Detailed studies of weak decays serve not only to confirm the Standard Model, but possess also a high sensitivity to New Physics: tau and top decays are discussed in this vein, with some short remarks on beauty and charm. The sensitivity to New Physics is even higher in delicate phenomena like mixing and CP violation: a fairly detailed discussion on K/sup 0/ - anti K/sup 0/, D/sup 0/ - anti D/sup 0/, and B/sup 0/ - anti B/sup 0/ mixing and on CP violation in K/sup 0/ and B decays is presented. 48 refs., 11 figs.
Recent results on CP violation from the CPLEAR experiment
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Adler, R.; Alhalel, T.; Angelopoulos, A.; Apostolakis, A.; Aslanides, E.; Backenstoss, G.; Bienlein, J.K.; Bee, C.P.; Bennet, J.; Bertin, V.; Bloch, P.; Bula, C.; Burgun, G.; Carlson, P.; Carvallho, J.; Cawley, E.; Chardalas, M.; Charalambous, S.; Danielsson, M.; Dedoussis, S.; Dejardin, M.; Derre, J.; Dodgson, M.; Dousse, J.C.; Duclos, J.; Ealet, A.; Eckart, B.; Eleftheriadis, C.; Evangelou, I.; Faravel, L.; Fassnacht, P.; Faure, J.L.; Felder, C.; Ferreira-Marques, R.; Fetscher, W.; Fidecaro, M.; Filipcic, A.; Francis, D.; Fry, J.; Fuglesang, C.; Gabathuler, E.; Gamet, R.; Garreta, D.; Geralis, T.; Gerber, H.J.; Go, A.; Gumplinger, P.; Guyot, C.; Harrison, P.F.; Hayman, P.J.; Heyes, W.G.; Hollander, R.W.; Johner, H.U.; Jon-And, K.; Jansson, K.; Kerek, A.; Kern, J.; Kettle, P.R.; Kochowski, C.; Kokkas, P.; Kreuger, R.; Lawry, T.; LeGac, R.; Liolios, A.; Machado, E.; Maley, P.; Mandic, I.; Manthos, N.; Marel, G.; Mikuz, M.; Miller, J.; Montanet, F.; Nakada, T.; Onofre, A.; Pagels, B.; P; CPLEAR Collaboration
1993-04-01
The CPLEAR experiment is aiming at precise CP violation tests using initially pure K[sup 0]- and anti K[sup 0] beams from the intense source provided by the annihilation of the LEAR vector p-beam in hydrogen. The strangeness tagging efficiency and the systematic errors have been studied and found to be in agreement with the design specifications. The measurement of the differential time asymmetry of the [pi][sup +] [pi][sup -] decays allowed the direct observation of differences in the decay rates of particles and antiparticles. The CP violating parameters were determined as vertical stroke [eta][sub [+-
CP violation and mixing of B mesons at CDF
Miao Tin
2000-01-01
We report recent studies of CP-violation and mixing in neutral B mesons from the CDF experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. Results of a direct measurement of the CP-violation parameter sin 2 beta using B sup 0 -> J/psi K sup 0 sub S with multi flavor tagging algorithms, a search for B sup 0 sub s - B sup 0 sub s bar mixing using semileptonic decays, and the updated precision measurements of the B sup 0 - B sup 0 bar mixing parameter will be presented. The prospects for B physics with the upgraded CDF detector in the next Tevatron Collider run will also be discussed.
CP violation and mixing of B mesons at CDF
Miao, Ting; CDF Collaboration
2000-07-01
We report recent studies of CP-violation and mixing in neutral B mesons from the CDF experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. Results of a direct measurement of the CP-violation parameter sin 2β using B 0 → {J}/{ψK S0} with multi flavor tagging algorithms, a search for B S0 - overlineB S0 mixing using semileptonic decays, and the updated precision measurements of the B 0 - overlineB 0 mixing parameter will be presented. The prospects for B physics with the upgraded CDF detector in the next Tevatron Collider run will also be discussed.
CP-violation in SUSY cascades at the LHC
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Tattersall, Jamie; Rolbiecki, Krzysztof [Durham Univ. (United Kingdom). IPPP; Moortgal-Pick, Gudrid [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik
2010-07-01
We study the potential to observe CP-violating effects in SUSY cascade decay chains at the LHC. Asymmetries composed by triple products of momenta of the final state particles are sensitive to CP-violating effects. Due to large boosts that dilute the asymmetries, these can be difficult to observe. Extending the methods of momentum reconstruction we show that the original size of these asymmetries may be measurable. A study is done at the hadronic level with backgrounds to estimate the expected sensitivity at the LHC. (orig.)
CP-violation in SUSY cascades at the LHC
Tattersall, Jamie; Rolbiecki, Krzysztof
2010-01-01
We study the potential to observe CP-violating effects in SUSY cascade decay chains at the LHC. Asymmetries composed by triple products of momenta of the final state particles are sensitive to CP-violating effects. Due to large boosts that dilute the asymmetries, these can be difficult to observe. Extending the methods of momentum reconstruction we show that the original size of these asymmetries may be measurable. A study is done at the hadronic level with backgrounds to estimate the expected sensitivity at the LHC.
Fabrication of Surface Level Cu/SiCp Nanocomposites by Friction Stir Processing Route
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Cartigueyen Srinivasan
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Friction stir processing (FSP technique has been successfully employed as low energy consumption route to prepare copper based surface level nanocomposites reinforced with nanosized silicon carbide particles (SiCp. The effect of FSP parameters such as tool rotational speed, processing speed, and tool tilt angle on microstructure and microhardness was investigated. Single pass FSP was performed based on Box-Behnken design at three factors in three levels. A cluster of blind holes 2 mm in diameter and 3 mm in depth was used as particulate deposition technique in order to reduce the agglomeration problem during composite fabrication. K-type thermocouples were used to measure temperature histories during FSP. The results suggest that the heat generation during FSP plays a significant role in deciding the microstructure and microhardness of the surface composites. Microstructural observations revealed a uniform dispersion of nanosized SiCp without any agglomeration problem and well bonded with copper matrix at different process parameter combinations. X-ray diffraction study shows that no intermetallic compound was produced after processing. The microhardness of nanocomposites was remarkably enhanced and about 95% more than that of copper matrix.
In vivo control of CpG and non-CpG DNA methylation by DNA methyltransferases.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Julia Arand
2012-06-01
Full Text Available The enzymatic control of the setting and maintenance of symmetric and non-symmetric DNA methylation patterns in a particular genome context is not well understood. Here, we describe a comprehensive analysis of DNA methylation patterns generated by high resolution sequencing of hairpin-bisulfite amplicons of selected single copy genes and repetitive elements (LINE1, B1, IAP-LTR-retrotransposons, and major satellites. The analysis unambiguously identifies a substantial amount of regional incomplete methylation maintenance, i.e. hemimethylated CpG positions, with variant degrees among cell types. Moreover, non-CpG cytosine methylation is confined to ESCs and exclusively catalysed by Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b. This sequence position-, cell type-, and region-dependent non-CpG methylation is strongly linked to neighboring CpG methylation and requires the presence of Dnmt3L. The generation of a comprehensive data set of 146,000 CpG dyads was used to apply and develop parameter estimated hidden Markov models (HMM to calculate the relative contribution of DNA methyltransferases (Dnmts for de novo and maintenance DNA methylation. The comparative modelling included wild-type ESCs and mutant ESCs deficient for Dnmt1, Dnmt3a, Dnmt3b, or Dnmt3a/3b, respectively. The HMM analysis identifies a considerable de novo methylation activity for Dnmt1 at certain repetitive elements and single copy sequences. Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b contribute de novo function. However, both enzymes are also essential to maintain symmetrical CpG methylation at distinct repetitive and single copy sequences in ESCs.
Simple but Stronger UO, Double but Weaker UNMe Bonds: The Tale Told by Cp2UO and Cp2UNR
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
LPCNO, CNRS-UPS-INSA, INSA Toulouse; Institut Charles Gerhardt, CNRS, Universite Montpellier; Laboratoire de Chimie et Physique Quantiques, CNRS, IRSAMC, Universite Paul Sabatier; Andersen, Richard; Barros, Noemi; Maynau, Daniel; Maron, Laurent; Eisenstein, Odile; Zi, Guofu; Andersen, Richard
2007-06-27
The free energies of reaction and the activation energies are calculated, with DFT (B3PW91) and small RECP (relativistic core potential) for uranium, for the reaction of Cp2UNMe and Cp2UO with MeCCMe and H3Si-Cl that yields the corresponding addition products. CAS(2,7) and DFT calculations on Cp2UO and Cp2UNMe give similar results, which validates the use of DFT calculations in these cases. The calculated results mirror the experimental reaction of [1,2,4-(CMe3)3C5H2]2UNMe with dimethylacetylene and [1,2,4-(CMe3)3C5H2]2UO with Me3SiCl. The net reactions are controlled by the change in free energy between the products and reactants, not by the activation energies, and therefore by the nature of the UO and UNMe bonds in the initial and final states. A NBO analysis indicates that the U-O interaction in Cp2UO is composed of a single U-O bond with three lone pairs of electrons localized on oxygen, leading to a polarized U-O fragment. In contrast, the U-NMe interaction in Cp2UNMe is composed of a and component and a lone pairof electrons localized on the nitrogen, resulting in a less polarized UNMe fragment, in accord with the lower electronegativity of NMe relative to O. The strongly polarized U(+)-O(-) bond is calculated to be about 70 kcal mol-1 stronger than the less polarized U=NMe bond.
Aubert, Bernard; Boutigny, D; Gaillard, J M; Hicheur, A; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Robbe, P; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Palano, A; Pompili, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Borgland, A W; Breon, A B; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Day, C T; Gill, M S; Gritsan, A V; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Le Clerc, C; Levi, M E; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Oddone, P J; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Romosan, A; Ronan, Michael T; Shelkov, V G; Telnov, A V; Wenzel, W A; Ford, K; Harrison, T J; Hawkes, C M; Knowles, D J; Morgan, S E; Penny, R C; Watson, A T; Watson, N K; Goetzen, K; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Peters, K; Schmücker, H; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Chevalier, N; Cottingham, W N; Kelly, M P; Latham, T E; MacKay, C; Wilson, F F; Abe, K; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Thiessen, D; Kyberd, P; McKemey, A K; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Golubev, V B; Ivanchenko, V N; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Yushkov, A N; Best, D; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M A; Mommsen, R K; Röthel, W; Stoker, D P; Buchanan, C; Hartfiel, B L; Gary, J W; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Del Re, D; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; MacFarlane, D B; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Dahmes, B; Kuznetsova, N; Levy, S L; Long, O; Lu, A; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Verkerke, W; Beck, T W; Beringer, J; Eisner, A M; Heusch, C A; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schmitz, R E; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Turri, M; Walkowiak, W; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dvoretskii, A; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Yang, S; Jayatilleke, S M; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Abe, T; Blanc, F; Bloom, P; Chen, S; Clark, P J; Ford, W T; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Rankin, P; Roy, J; Smith, J G; Van Hoek, W C; Zhang, L; Harton, J L; Hu, T; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Zhang, J; Aleksan, Roy; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Giraud, P F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, Witold; Langer, M; Legendre, M; London, G W; Mayer, B; Schott, G; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Altenburg, D; Brandt, T; Brose, J; Colberg, T; Dickopp, M; Hauke, A; Lacker, H M; Maly, E; Müller-Pfefferkorn, R; Nogowski, R; Otto, S; Schubert, J; Schubert, Klaus R; Schwierz, R; Spaan, B; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Brochard, F; Cohen-Tanugi, J; Grenier, P; Thiebaux, C; Vasileiadis, G; Verderi, M; Khan, A; Lavin, D; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Swain, J E; Andreotti, M; Azzolini, V; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Piemontese, L; Sarti, A; Treadwell, E; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Falciai, D; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Capra, R; Contri, R; Crosetti, G; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Bailey, S; Morii, M; Won, E; Dubitzky, R S; Langenegger, U; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Gaillard, J R; Morton, G W; Nash, J A; Sanders, P; Taylor, G P; Grenier, G J; Lee, S J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Lamsa, J; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Yi, J; Biasini, M; Pioppi, M; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Laplace, S; Le Diberder, F R; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Petersen, T C; Plaszczynski, S; Schune, M H; Tantot, L; Wormser, G; Brigljevic, V; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bevan, A J; Coleman, J P; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, Erwin; Gamet, R; Kay, M; Parry, R J; Payne, D J; Sloane, R J; Touramanis, C; Back, J J; Cormack, C M; Harrison, P F; Shorthouse, H W; Vidal, P B; Brown, C L; Cowan, G; Flack, R L; Flächer, H U; George, S; Green, M G; Kurup, A; Marker, C E; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Vaitsas, G; Winter, M A; Brown, D; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Hart, P A; Hodgkinson, M C; Jackson, F; Lafferty, G D; Lyon, A J; Weatherall, J H; Williams, J C; Farbin, A; Jawahery, A; Kovalskyi, D; Lae, C K; Lillard, V; Roberts, D A; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Flood, K T; Hertzbach, S S; Kofler, R; Koptchev, V B; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Stängle, H; Willocq, S; Cowan, R; Sciolla, G; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Mangeol, D J J; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L M; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Reidy, J; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Cote-Ahern, D; Taras, P; Nicholson, H; Raven, G; Wilden, L; Cartaro, C; Cavallo, N; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Gabriel, T A; Brau, B; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Pulliam, T; Wong, Q K; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Potter, C T; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Torrence, E; Colecchia, F; Dorigo, A; Galeazzi, F; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Tiozzo, G; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; David, P; La Vaissière, C de; Del Buono, L; Hamon, O; John, M J J; Leruste, P; Ocariz, J; Pivk, M; Roos, L; Stark, J; T'Jampens, S; Therin, G; Manfredi, P F; Re, V; Behera, P K; Gladney, L; Guo, Q H; Panetta, J; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bondioli, M; Bucci, F; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Del Gamba, V; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Martínez-Vidal, F; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rama, M; Rizzo, G; Sandrelli, F; Walsh, J; Haire, M; Judd, D; Paick, K; Wagoner, D E; Cavoto, G; Danielson, N; Elmer, P; Lü, C; Miftakov, V; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Tanaka, H A; Bellini, F; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Pierini, M; Piredda, G; Safai-Tehrani, F; Voena, C; Christ, S; Wagner, G; Waldi, R; Adye, T; De Groot, N; Franek, B J; Geddes, N I; Gopal, G P; Olaiya, E O; Xella, S M; Purohit, M V; Weidemann, A W; Yumiceva, F X; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Berger, N; Boyarski, A M; Buchmüller, O L; Convery, M R; Coupal, D P; Dong, D; Dorfan, J; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Graugès-Pous, E; Hadig, T; Halyo, V; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Libby, J; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ozcan, V E; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Petrak, S; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Simi, G; Snyder, A; Soha, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Vavra, J; Wagner, S R; Weaver, M; Weinstein, A J R; Wisniewski, W J; Wright, D H; Young, C C; Burchat, Patricia R; Edwards, A J; Meyer, T I; Petersen, B A; Roat, C; Ahmed, M; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Ernst, J A; Saeed, M A; Saleem, M; Wappler, F R; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Kim, H; Ritchie, J L; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Kitayama, I; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Bóna, M; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Borean, C; Bosisio, L; Della Ricca, G; Dittongo, S; Grancagnolo, S; Lanceri, L; Poropat, P; Vitale, L; Vuagnin, G; Panvini, R S; Banerjee, Sw; Brown, C M; Fortin, D; Jackson, P D; Kowalewski, R V; Roney, J M; Band, H R; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Eichenbaum, A M; Johnson, J R; Kutter, P E; Li, H; Liu, R; Di Lodovico, F; Mihályi, A; Mohapatra, A K; Pan, Y; Prepost, R; Sekula, S J; Von Wimmersperg-Töller, J H; Wu, J; Wu Sau Lan; Yu, Z; Neal, H
2003-01-01
We present a study of B- -> D^0_CP K^- decays, where D^0_CP is reconstructed in CP-even channels, based on a sample of 88.8 million Upsilon(4S)->BBbar decays collected with the BaBar detector at the PEP-II e^+e^- storage ring. We measure the ratio of Cabibbo-suppressed to Cabibbo-favored branching fractions Br(B- -> D^0_CP K^-)/Br(B- -> D^0_CP pi^-)= (8.8 +/- 1.6(stat) +/- 0.5(syst))\\times 10^{-2} and the CP asymmetry A_CP= 0.07 +/- 0.17(stat) +/- 0.06(syst). We also measure Br(B- ->D0K-)/Br(B- ->D0pi-)=(8.31 +/- 0.35(stat) +/- 0.20(syst))\\times 10^{-2} using a sample of 61.0 million BBbar pairs.
Kinsella, John J.
1970-01-01
Discussed are the nature of a mathematical problem, problem solving in the traditional and modern mathematics programs, problem solving and psychology, research related to problem solving, and teaching problem solving in algebra and geometry. (CT)
CP Violation in Top Physics at the NLC
Atwood, D
1996-01-01
Top quark is extremely sensitive to non-standard CP violating phases. General strategies for exposing different types of phases at the NLC are outlined. SUSY phase(s) cause PRA in $t\\to Wb$. The transverse polarization of the $\\tau$ in the reaction $t\\to b\\tau\
CP Studies and Non-Standard Higgs Physics
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kraml, S.; Accomando, E.; G. Akeroyd, A.
2006-01-01
There are many possibilities for new physics beyond the Standard Model that feature non-standard Higgs sectors. These may introduce new sources of CP violation, and there may be mixing between multiple Higgs bosons or other new scalar bosons. Alternatively, the Higgs may be a composite state, or ...
CP-violation in cascade decays at the LHC
Tattersall, Jamie
We study the potential to observe CP-violating effects in various supersymmetric cascade decay chains at the LHC. Asymmetries composed by triple products of momenta of the final state particles are sensitive to CP-violating effects. We analytically calculate the cascade decays including the relevant spin correlations to compute the parton level asymmetry. In addition, we use Monte Carlo simulations to estimate the sensitivity of the LHC to the CP-violating observables. Due to large boosts that dilute the asymmetries, these can be difficult to observe at the LHC. However, if all particle masses in a cascade decay are known, it may be possible to reconstruct all momenta in the decay chains. We can then recover the full asymmetry on an event-by-event basis even when we have missing momentum due to a stable lightest supersymmetric particle. After the reconstruction, the non-diluted CP-violating signal gets significantly enhanced so that an observation may become feasible. A fully hadronic study has also been co...
Horizontal interactions as the source of CP violation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Decker, R.; Gerard, J.M.; Zoupanos, G.
1984-03-22
Assuming that horizontal interactions are the main source of CP violation, we find that their typical effective coupling constant is Gsub(H)proportional10/sup -16/ GeV/sup -2/. Moreover, this source is then of superweak type and the electric dipole moment of the neutron has to be larger than 10/sup -28/ e cm.
New Physics Models of Direct CP Violation in Charm Decays
Altmannshofer, Wolfgang; Yu, Chiu-Tien; Yu, Felix
2012-01-01
In view of the recent LHCb measurement of Delta A_CP, the difference between the time-integrated CP asymmetries in D --> K+K- and D --> pi+pi- decays, we perform a comparative study of the possible impact of New Physics degrees of freedom on the direct CP asymmetries in singly Cabibbo suppressed D meson decays. We systematically discuss scenarios with a minimal set of new degrees of freedom that have renormalizable couplings to the SM particles and that are heavy enough such that their effects on the D meson decays can be described by local operators. We take into account both constraints from low energy flavor observables, in particular D0-D0bar mixing, and from direct searches. While models that explain the large measured value for Delta A_CP with chirally enhanced chromomagnetic penguins are least constrained, we identify a few viable models that contribute to the D meson decays at tree level or through loop induced QCD penguins. We emphasize that such models motivate direct searches at the LHC.
Generalised geometrical CP violation in a T′ lepton flavour model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Girardi, Ivan [SISSA/INFN,Via Bonomea 265, I-34136 Trieste (Italy); Meroni, Aurora [SISSA/INFN,Via Bonomea 265, I-34136 Trieste (Italy); Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica, Università di Roma Tre,Via della Vasca Navale 84, I-00146, Rome (Italy); INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati,Via E. Fermi 40, I-00044 Frascati (Italy); Petcov, S.T. [SISSA/INFN,Via Bonomea 265, I-34136 Trieste (Italy); IPMU, University of Tokyo,5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, 277-8583 Kashiwa (Japan); Spinrath, Martin [SISSA/INFN,Via Bonomea 265, I-34136 Trieste (Italy); Institut für Theoretische Teilchenphysik, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology,Engesserstraße 7, D-76131 Karlsruhe (Germany)
2014-02-12
We analyse the interplay of generalised CP transformations and the non-Abelian discrete group T′ and use the semi-direct product G{sub f}=T′⋊H{sub CP}, as family symmetry acting in the lepton sector. The family symmetry is shown to be spontaneously broken in a geometrical manner. In the resulting flavour model, naturally small Majorana neutrino masses for the light active neutrinos are obtained through the type I see-saw mechanism. The known masses of the charged leptons, lepton mixing angles and the two neutrino mass squared differences are reproduced by the model with a good accuracy. The model allows for two neutrino mass spectra with normal ordering (NO) and one with inverted ordering (IO). For each of the three spectra the absolute scale of neutrino masses is predicted with relatively small uncertainty. The value of the Dirac CP violation (CPV) phase δ in the lepton mixing matrix is predicted to be δ≅π/2 or 3π/2. Thus, the CP violating effects in neutrino oscillations are predicted to be maximal (given the values of the neutrino mixing angles) and experimentally observable. We present also predictions for the sum of the neutrino masses, for the Majorana CPV phases and for the effective Majorana mass in neutrinoless double beta decay. The predictions of the model can be tested in a variety of ongoing and future planned neutrino experiments.
Development of postural adjustments during reaching in infants with CP
Hadders-Algra, M; van der Fits, IBM; Stremmelaar, EF; Touwen, BCL
1999-01-01
The development of postural adjustments during reaching movements was longitudinally studied in seven infants with cerebral palsy (CP) between 4 and 18 months of age. Five infants developed spastic hemiplegia, one spastic tetraplegia, and one spastic tetraplegia with athetosis. Each assessment consi
CP Violation in Correlated Production and Decay of Unstable Particles
Kittel, Olaf
2012-01-01
We study resonant CP-violating Einstein--Podolsky--Rosen correlations that may take place in the production and decay of unstable scalar particles at high-energy colliders. We show that as a consequence of unitarity and CPT invariance of the S-matrix, in 2 --> 2 scatterings mediated by mixed scalar particles, at least three linearly independent decay matrices associated with the unstable scalar states are needed to obtain non-zero CP-odd observables that are also odd under C-conjugation. Instead, for the correlated production and decay of two unstable particle systems in 2 --> 4 processes, we find that only two independent decay matrices are sufficient to induce a net non-vanishing CP-violating phenomenon. As an application of this theorem, we present numerical estimates of CP asymmetries for the correlated production and decay of supersymmetric scalar top--anti-top pairs at the LHC, and demonstrate that these could reach values of order one. As a byproduct of our analysis, we develop a novel spinorial trace ...
Precise predictions for CP asymmetries in B decays
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Nierste, Ulrich; Frings, Philipp [Institut fuer Theoretische Teilchenphysik, KIT, Karlsruhe (Germany)
2016-07-01
The extraction of fundamental CP phases from B{sub d} or B{sub s} decays to charmonium is affected by penguin contributions. We show how these contributions can be calculated with dynamical QCD-based methods and present our predictions for a variety of decay modes and briefly discuss branching ratios in B→ DD decays.
CP violation in correlated production and decay of unstable particles
Kittel, Olaf; Pilaftsis, Apostolos
2012-03-01
We study resonant CP-violating Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen correlations that may take place in the production and decay of unstable scalar particles at high-energy colliders. We show that as a consequence of unitarity and CPT invariance of the S-matrix, in 2→2 scatterings mediated by mixed scalar particles, at least three linearly independent decay matrices associated with the unstable scalar states are needed to obtain non-zero CP-odd observables that are also odd under C-conjugation. Instead, for the correlated production and decay of two unstable particle systems in 2→4 processes, we find that only two independent decay matrices are sufficient to induce a net non-vanishing CP-violating phenomenon. As an application of this theorem, we present numerical estimates of CP asymmetries for the correlated production and decay of supersymmetric scalar top-anti-top pairs at the LHC, and demonstrate that these could reach values of order one. As a byproduct of our analysis, we develop a novel spinorial trace technique, which enables us to efficiently evaluate lengthy expressions of squared amplitudes describing the resonant scalar transitions.
CP violation in correlated production and decay of unstable particles
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kittel, Olaf, E-mail: kittel@th.physik.uni-bonn.de [Departamento de Fisica Teorica y del Cosmos and CAFPE, Universidad de Granada, E-18071 Granada (Spain); Consortium for Fundamental Physics, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Theory Division, CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Pilaftsis, Apostolos, E-mail: apostolos.pilaftsis@manchester.ac.uk [Consortium for Fundamental Physics, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Theory Division, CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Department of Theoretical Physics and IFIC, University of Valencia - CSIC, E-46100 Valencia (Spain)
2012-03-21
We study resonant CP-violating Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen correlations that may take place in the production and decay of unstable scalar particles at high-energy colliders. We show that as a consequence of unitarity and CPT invariance of the S-matrix, in 2{yields}2 scatterings mediated by mixed scalar particles, at least three linearly independent decay matrices associated with the unstable scalar states are needed to obtain non-zero CP-odd observables that are also odd under C-conjugation. Instead, for the correlated production and decay of two unstable particle systems in 2{yields}4 processes, we find that only two independent decay matrices are sufficient to induce a net non-vanishing CP-violating phenomenon. As an application of this theorem, we present numerical estimates of CP asymmetries for the correlated production and decay of supersymmetric scalar top-anti-top pairs at the LHC, and demonstrate that these could reach values of order one. As a byproduct of our analysis, we develop a novel spinorial trace technique, which enables us to efficiently evaluate lengthy expressions of squared amplitudes describing the resonant scalar transitions.
Observation of CP violation in the neutral B meson system
Levy, Stephen Leonard
This dissertation presents a measurement of time-dependent CP -violating asymmetries in neutral B meson decays collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-11 asymmetric-energy B Factory at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. The data sample consists of about 88 million Upsilon(4S) → BB¯ decays collected between 1999 and 2002. We study events in which one neutral B meson decay to the CP-eigenstates J/yK0S,y2S K0S,cc1K0 S , and hcK0S , or to flavor-eigenstates involving D(*)pi/rho/ a1 and J/y K*0(K*0 → K+ pi-), is fully reconstructed. The flavor of the other neutral B meson is tagged at the time of its decay, mainly using the charge of identified leptons and kaons. The proper time elapsed between the meson decays is determined by measuring the distance between the decay vertices. The amplitude of the CP-violating asymmetry, which in the Standard Model is proportional to sin2beta, is determined from a simultaneous maximum-likelihood fit to the time-difference distribution of the flavor- and CP-eigenstate samples. We measure sin2beta = 0.755 +/- 0.074 (stat) +/-0.030 (syst).
CP-violating phase on magnetized toroidal orbifolds
Kobayashi, Tatsuo; Tatsuta, Yoshiyuki
2016-01-01
We study the CP-violating phase of the quark sector in the $U(8)$ flavor model on $T^2/Z_N \\, (N=2,3,4,6)$ with non-vanishing magnetic fluxes, where properties of possible origins of the CP violation are investigated minutely. In this system, a non-vanishing value is mandatory in the real part of the complex modulus parameter $\\tau$ of the two-dimensional torus. On $T^2$ without orbifolding, underlying discrete flavor symmetries severely restrict the form of Yukawa couplings and it is very difficult to reproduce the observed pattern in the quark sector including the CP-violating phase $\\delta_{\\rm CP}$. In cases of multiple Higgs doublets emerging on $T^2/Z_2$, the mass matrices of the zero-mode fermions can be written in the Gaussian textures by choosing appropriate configurations of vacuum expectation values of the Higgs fields. When such Gaussian textures of mass matrices are realized, we show that all of the quark profiles, which are mass hierarchies among the quarks, quark mixing angles, and $\\delta_{\\rm...
Spontaneous CP violation in the NJL model at theta = pi
Boer, Daniel; Boomsma, Jorn K.
2009-01-01
As is well-known, spontaneous CP-violation in the strong interaction is possible at theta = pi, which is commonly referred to as Dashen's phenomenon. This phenomenon has been studied extensively using chiral Lagrangians. Here the two-flavor NJL model at theta = pi is discussed. It turns out that the
CP violation in the Standard Model with a complex singlet
Darvishi, Neda
2016-01-01
CP violation of the Standard Model (SM) is insufficient to explain the baryon asymmetry in the Universe and therefore an additional source of CP violation is needed. Here we consider the extension of the SM by a neutral complex singlet and discuss the physical conditions for a spontaneous CP violation in such model. In the model there are three neutral Higgs particles. Assuming the lightest one to be the 125 GeV Higgs boson found at LHC we calculate masses of the additional Higgs scalars and perform a numerical study of the allowed region of parameters. The scenario according to which the SM-like Higgs particle comes mostly from the SM-like SU(2) doublet, with a small modification coming from the singlet, is in agreement with the newest $R_{\\gamma \\gamma}$ and precise EW (parameters S, T) data. We have found that the Jarlskog invariant, measuring the strength of the CP violation, can be enhanced as compared to the one in the SM, at the same time there is no corresponding enhancements expected for the Electric...
Observation of CP violation in the B(0) meson system.
Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Gaillard, J M; Hicheur, A; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Robbe, P; Tisserand, V; Palano, A; Chen, G P; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Reinertsen, P L; Stugu, B; Abbott, B; Abrams, G S; Borgland, A W; Breon, A B; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Clark, A R; Gill, M S; Gritsan, A V; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J; Kerth, L T; Kluth, S; Kolomensky, Y G; Kral, J F; LeClerc, C; Levi, M E; Liu, T; Lynch, G; Meyer, A B; Momayezi, M; Oddone, P J; Perazzo, A; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Romosan, A; Ronan, M T; Shelkov, V G; Telnov, A V; Wenzel, W A; Zisman, M S; Bright-Thomas, P G; Harrison, T J; Hawkes, C M; Knowles, D J; O'Neale, S W; Penny, R C; Watson, A T; Watson, N K; Deppermann, T; Goetzen, K; Koch, H; Krug, J; Kunze, M; Lewandowski, B; Peters, K; Schmuecker, H; Steinke, M; Andress, J C; Barlow, N R; Bhimji, W; Chevalier, N; Clark, P J; Cottingham, W N; De Groot, N; Dyce, N; Foster, B; McFall, J D; Wallom, D; Wilson, F F; Abe, K; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Thiessen, D; Jolly, S; McKemey, A K; Tinslay, J; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Bukin, D A; Buzykaev, A R; Golubev, V B; Ivanchenko, V N; Korol, A A; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Salnikov, A A; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Y I; Telnov, V I; Yushkov, A N; Best, D; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M; McMahon, S; Stoker, D P; Ahsan, A; Arisaka, K; Buchanan, C; Chun, S; Branson, J G; MacFarlane, D B; Prell, S; Rahatlou, S; Raven, G; Sharma, V; Campagnari, C; Dahmes, B; Hart, P A; Kuznetsova, N; Levy, S L; Long, O; Lu, A; Richman, J D; Verkerke, W; Witherell, M; Yellin, S; Beringer, J; Dorfan, D E; Eisner, A M; Frey, A; Grillo, A A; Grothe, M; Heusch, C A; Johnson, R P; Kroeger, W; Lockman, W S; Pulliam, T; Sadrozinski, H; Schalk, T; Schmitz, R E; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Turri, M; Walkowiak, W; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Chen, E; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dvoretskii, A; Hitlin, D G; Metzler, S; Oyang, J; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Weaver, M; Yang, S; Zhu, R Y; Devmal, S; Geld, T L; Jayatilleke, S; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Barillari, T; Bloom, P; Dima, M O; Fahey, S; Ford, W T; Johnson, D R; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Park, H; Rankin, P; Roy, J; Sen, S; Smith, J G; van Hoek, W C; Wagner, D L; Blouw, J; Harton, J L; Krishnamurthy, M; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Zhang, J; Brandt, T; Brose, J; Colberg, T; Dahlinger, G; Dickopp, M; Dubitzky, R S; Hauke, A; Maly, E; Müller-Pfefferkorn, R; Otto, S; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Spaan, B; Wilden, L; Behr, L; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Brochard, F; Cohen-Tanugi, J; Ferrag, S; Roussot, E; T'Jampens, S; Thiebaux, C; Vasileiadis, G; Verderi, M; Anjomshoaa, A; Bernet, R; Khan, A; Lavin, D; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Swain, J E; Falbo, M; Borean, C; Bozzi, C; Dittongo, S; Folegani, M; Piemontese, L; Treadwell, E; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Falciai, D; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Xie, Y; Zallo, A; Bagnasco, S; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Crosetti, G; Fabbricatore, P; Farinon, S; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M; Monge, M R; Musenich, R; Pallavicini, M; Parodi, R; Passaggio, S; Pastore, F C; Patrignani, C; Pia, M G; Priano, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Morii, M; Bartoldus, R; Dignan, T; Hamilton, R; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Fischer, P A; Lamsa, J; Meyer, W T; Rosenberg, E I; Benkebil, M; Grosdidier, G; Hast, C; Höcker, A; Lacker, H M; Laplace, S; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Plaszczynski, S; Schune, M H; Trincaz-Duvoid, S; Valassi, A; Wormser, G; Bionta, R M; Brigljević, V; Lange, D J; Mugge, M; Shi, X; van Bibber, K; Wenaus, T J; Wright, D M; Wuest, C R; Carroll, M; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; George, M; Kay, M; Payne, D J; Sloane, R J; Touramanis, C; Aspinwall, M L; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Eschrich, I; Gunawardane, N J; Nash, J A; Sanders, P; Smith, D; Azzopardi, D E; Back, J J; Dixon, P; Harrison, P F; Potter, R J; Shorthouse, H W; Strother, P; Vidal, P B; Williams, M I; Cowan, G; George, S; Green, M G; Kurup, A; Marker, C E; McGrath, P; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Scott, I; Vaitsas, G; Brown, D; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, R J; Boyd, J T; Forti, A C; Fullwood, J; Jackson, F; Lafferty, G D; Savvas, N; Simopoulos, E T; Weatherall, J H; Farbin, A; Jawahery, A; Lillard, V; Olsen, J; Roberts, D A; Schieck, J R; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Flood, K T; Hertzbach, S S; Kofler, R; Moore, T B; Staengle, H; Willocq, S; Brau, B; Cowan, R; Sciolla, G; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Milek, M; Patel, P M; Trischuk, J; Lanni, F; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Booke, M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Kroeger, R; Reidy, J; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Martin, J P; Nief, J Y; Seitz, R; Taras, P; Zacek, V; Nicholson, H; Sutton, C S; Cartaro, C; Cavallo, N; De Nardo, G; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; LoSecco, J M; Alsmiller, J R; Gabriel, T A; Handler, T; Brau, J; Frey, R; Iwasaki, M; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Colecchia, F; Dal Corso, F; Dorigo, A; Galeazzi, F; Margoni, M; Michelon, G; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Torassa, E; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; David, P; de La Vaissière, C; Del Buono, L; Hamon, O; Le Diberder, F; Leruste, P; Lory, J; Roos, L; Stark, J; Versillé, S; Manfredi, P F; Re, V; Speziali, V; Frank, E D; Gladney, L; Guo, Q H; Panetta, J H; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bondioli, M; Carpinelli, M; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Martinez-Vidal, F; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rama, M; Rizzo, G; Sandrelli, F; Simi, G; Triggiani, G; Walsh, J; Haire, M; Judd, D; Paick, K; Turnbull, L; Wagoner, D E; Albert, J; Bula, C; Elmer, P; Lu, C; McDonald, K T; Miftakov, V; Schaffner, S F; Smith, A J; Tumanov, A; Varnes, E W; Cavoto, G; del Re, D; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Fratini, K; Lamanna, E; Leonardi, E; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Safai Tehrani, F; Serra, M; Voena, C; Christ, S; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Franek, B; Geddes, N I; Gopal, G P; Xella, S M; Aleksan, R; De Domenico, G; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Giraud, P F; Hamel De Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Langer, M; London, G W; Mayer, B; Serfass, B; Vasseur, G; Yèche, C; Zito, M; Copty, N; Purohit, M V; Singh, H; Yumiceva, F X; Adam, I; Anthony, P L; Aston, D; Baird, K; Berger, J P; Bloom, E; Boyarski, A M; Bulos, F; Calderini, G; Claus, R; Convery, M R; Coupal, D P; Coward, D H; Dorfan, J; Dorser, M; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Godfrey, G L; Gowdy, S J; Grosso, P; Himel, T; Hryn'ova, T; Huffer, M E; Innes, W R; Jessop, C P; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Langennegger, U; Leith, D W; Luitz, S; Luth, V; Lynch, H L; Marsiske, H; Menke, S; Messner, R; Moffeit, K C; Mount, R; Muller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Perl, M; Petrak, S; Quinn, H; Ratcliff, B N; Robertson, S H; Rochester, L S; Roodman, A; Schietinger, T; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Seeman, J T; Serbo, V V; Snyder, S R; Soha, A; Spanier, S M; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Tanaka, H A; Va'vra, J; Wagner, S R; Weinstein, A J; Wienands, U; Wisniewski, W J; Wright, D H; Young, C C; Burchat, P R; Cheng, C H; Kirkby, D; Meyer, T I; Roat, C; Henderson, R; Bugg, W; Cohn, H; Weidemann, A W; Izen, J M; Kitayama, I; Lou, X C; Turcotte, M; Bianchi, F; Bona, M; DiGirolamo, B; Gamba, D; Smol, A; Zanin, D; Bosisio, L; Della Ricci, G; Lanceri, L; Pompili, A; Poropat, P; Vuagnin, G; Panvini, R S; Brown, C M; De Silva, A; Kowalewski, R; Roney, J M; Band, H R; Charles, E; Dasu, S; Di Lodovico, F; Eichenbaum, A M; Hu, H; Johnson, J R; Liu, R; Nielsen, J; Pan, Y; Prepost, R; Scott, I J; Sekula, S J; von Wimmersperg-Toeller, J H; Wu, S L; Zobernig, H; Kordich, T M; Neal, H
2001-08-27
We present an updated measurement of time-dependent CP-violating asymmetries in neutral B decays with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric B Factory at SLAC. This result uses an additional sample of Upsilon(4S) decays collected in 2001, bringing the data available to 32 x 10(6) BB macro pairs. We select events in which one neutral B meson is fully reconstructed in a final state containing charmonium and the flavor of the other neutral B meson is determined from its decay products. The amplitude of the CP-violating asymmetry, which in the standard model is proportional to sin2 beta, is derived from the decay time distributions in such events. The result sin2 beta = 0.59+/-0.14(stat)+/-0.05(syst) establishes CP violation in the B(0) meson system. We also determine absolute value of lambda = 0.93+/-0.09(stat)+/-0.03(syst), consistent with no direct CP violation.
Maternal Warmth and Directiveness Jointly Moderate the Etiology of Childhood Conduct Problems
Burt, S. Alexandra; Klahr, Ashlea M.; Neale, Michael C.; Klump, Kelly L.
2013-01-01
Background: Prior studies exploring gene-environment interactions (GxE) in the development of youth conduct problems (CP) have focused almost exclusively on single-risk experiences, despite research indicating that the presence of other risk factors and or the absence of protective factors can accentuate the influence of a given risk factor on CP.…
Cloning, expression and processing of the CP2 neuropeptide precursor of Aplysia.
Vilim, F S; Alexeeva, V; Moroz, L L; Li, L; Moroz, T P; Sweedler, J V; Weiss, K R
2001-12-01
The cDNA sequence encoding the CP2 neuropeptide precursor is identified and encodes a single copy of the neuropeptide that is flanked by appropriate processing sites. The distribution of the CP2 precursor mRNA is described and matches the CP2-like immunoreactivity described previously. Single cell RT-PCR independently confirms the presence of CP2 precursor mRNA in selected neurons. MALDI-TOF MS is used to identify additional peptides derived from the CP2 precursor in neuronal somata and nerves, suggesting that the CP2 precursor may give rise to additional bioactive neuropeptides.
A Role for MeCP2 in Switching Gene Activity via Chromatin Unfolding and HP1 gamma Displacement
Brink, Maartje C.; Piebes, Diewertje G. E.; de Groote, Marloes L.; Luijsterburg, Martijn S.; Casas-Delucchi, Corella S.; van Driel, Roel; Rots, Marianne G.; Cardoso, M. Cristina; Verschure, Pernette J.
2013-01-01
Methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2) is generally considered to act as a transcriptional repressor, whereas recent studies suggest that MeCP2 is also involved in transcription activation. To gain insight into this dual function of MeCP2, we assessed the impact of MeCP2 on higher-order chromatin stru
Ho, Kuo-Ling; Chung, Ying-Chien; Lin, Yueh-Hsien; Tseng, Ching-Ping
2008-05-01
A biofilter using granular activated carbon with immobilized Paracoccus sp. CP2 was applied to the elimination of 10-250 ppm of trimethylamine (TMA), dimethylamine (DMA), and methylamine (MA). The results indicated that the system effectively treated MA (>93%), DMA (>90%), and TMA (>85%) under high loading conditions, and the maximum degradation rates were 1.4, 1.2, and 0.9g-Nkg(-1) GAC d(-1). Among the three different amines treated, TMA was the most difficult to degrade and resulted in ammonia accumulation. Further study on TMA removal showed that the optimal pH was near neutral (6.0-8.0). The supply of high glucose (>0.1%) inhibited TMA removal, maybe due to substrate competition. However, complete TMA degradation was achieved under the co-immobilization of Paracoccus sp. CP2 and Arthrobacter sp. CP1 ( approximately 96%). Metabolite analysis results demonstrated that the metabolite NH(4)(+) concentrations decreased by a relatively small 27% while the metabolite NO(2)(-) apparently increased by heterotrophic nitrification of Arthrobacter sp. CP1 in the co-immobilization biofilter.
Higgs boson searches in CP-conserving and CP-violating MSSM scenarios with the DELPHI detector
Abdallah, J; Adam, W; Adzic, P; Albrecht, T; Alemany-Fernandez, R; Allmendinger, T; Allport, P P; Amaldi, Ugo; Amapane, N; Amato, S; Anashkin, E; Andreazza, A; Andringa, S; Anjos, N; Antilogus, P; Apel, W D; Arnoud, Y; Ask, S; Åsman, B; Augustin, J E; Augustinus, A; Baillon, P; Ballestrero, A; Bambade, P; Barbier, R; Bardin, D; Barker, G J; Baroncelli, A; Battaglia, M; Baubillier, M; Becks, K H; Begalli, M; Behrmann, A; Ben-Haim, E; Benekos, N; Benvenuti, A; Bérat, C; Berggren, M; Berntzon, L; Bertrand, D; Besançon, M; Besson, N; Bloch, D; Blom, M; Bluj, M; Bonesini, M; Boonekamp, M; Booth, P S L; Borisov, G; Botner, O; Bouquet, B; Bowcock, T J V; Boyko, I; Bracko, M; Brenner, R; Brodet, E; Brückman, P; Brunet, J M; Buschbeck, B; Buschmann, P; Calvi, M; Camporesi, T; Canale, V; Carena, F; Castro, N; Cavallo, F; Chapkin, M; Charpentier, P; Checchia, P; Chierici, R; Shlyapnikov, P; Chudoba, J; Chung, S U; Cieslik, K; Collins, P; Contri, R; Cosme, G; Cossutti, F; Costa, M J; Crennell, D J; Cuevas-Maestro, J; D'Hondt, J; Dalmau, J; Da Silva, T; Da Silva, W; Della Ricca, G; De Angelis, A; de Boer, Wim; De Clercq, C; De Lotto, B; De Maria, N; De Min, A; De Paula, L; Di Ciaccio, L; Di Simone, A; Doroba, K; Drees, J; Eigen, G; Ekelöf, T J C; Ellert, M; Elsing, M; Espirito-Santo, M C; Fanourakis, G K; Fassouliotis, D; Feindt, M; Fernández, J; Ferrer, A; Ferro, F; Flagmeyer, U; Föth, H; Fokitis, E; Fulda-Quenzer, F; Fuster, J; Gandelman, M; García, C; Gavillet, P; Gazis, E; Gokieli, R; Golob, B; Gómez-Ceballos, G; Gonçalves, P; Graziani, E; Grosdidier, G; Grzelak, K; Guy, J; Haag, C; Hallgren, A; Hamacher, K; Hamilton, K; Haug, S; Hauler, F; Hedberg, V; Hennecke, M; Herr, H; Hoffman, J; Holmgren, S O; Holt, P J; Houlden, M A; Jackson, J N; Jarlskog, G; Jarry, P; Jeans, D; Johansson, E K; Johansson, P D; Jonsson, P; Joram, C; Jungermann, L; Kapusta, F; Katsanevas, S; Katsoufis, E; Kernel, G; Kersevan, B P; Kerzel, U; King, B T; Kjaer, N J; Kluit, P; Kokkinias, P; Kourkoumelis, C; Kuznetsov, O; Krumshtein, Z; Kucharczyk, M; Lamsa, J; Leder, G; Ledroit, F; Leinonen, L; Leitner, R; Lemonne, J; Lepeltier, V; Lesiak, T; Liebig, W; Liko, D; Lipniacka, A; Lopes, J H; López, J M; Loukas, D; Lutz, P; Lyons, L; MacNaughton, J; Malek, A; Maltezos, S; Mandl, F; Marco, J; Marco, R; Maréchal, B; Margoni, M; Marin, J C; Mariotti, C; Markou, A; Martínez-Rivero, C; Masik, J; Mastroyiannopoulos, N; Matorras, F; Matteuzzi, C; Mazzucato, F; Mazzucato, M; McNulty, R; Meroni, C; Migliore, E; Mitaroff, W A; Mjörnmark, U; Moa, T; Moch, M; Mönig, K; Monge, R; Montenegro, J; Moraes, D; Moreno, S; Morettini, P; Müller, U; Münich, K; Mulders, M; Mundim, L; Murray, W; Muryn, B; Myatt, G; Myklebust, T; Nassiakou, M; Navarria, F; Nawrocki, K; Nicolaidou, R; Nikolenko, M; Oblakowska-Mucha, A; Obraztsov, V F; Olshevski, A; Onofre, A; Orava, R; Österberg, K; Ouraou, A; Oyanguren, A; Paganoni, M; Paiano, S; Palacios, J P; Palka, H; Papadopoulou, T D; Pape, L; Parkes, C; Parodi, F; Parzefall, U; Passeri, A; Passon, O; Peralta, L; Perepelitsa, V; Perrotta, A; Petrolini, A; Piedra, J; Pieri, L; Pierre, F; Pimenta, M; Piotto, E; Podobnik, T; Poireau, V; Pol, M E; Polok, G; Pozdnyakov, V; Pukhaeva, N; Pullia, A; Rames, J; Read, A; Rebecchi, P; Rehn, J; Reid, D; Reinhardt, R; Renton, P B; Richard, F; Rídky, J; Rivero, M; Rodríguez, D; Romero, A; Ronchese, P; Roudeau, P; Rovelli, T; Ruhlmann-Kleider, V; Ryabtchikov, D; Sadovskii, A; Salmi, L; Salt, J; Sander, C; Savoy-Navarro, A; Schwickerath, U; Sekulin, R; Siebel, M; Sisakian, A; Smadja, G; Smirnova, O; Sokolov, A; Sopczak, A; Sosnowski, R; Spassoff, Tz; Stanitzki, M; Stocchi, A; Strauss, J; Stugu, B; Szczekowski, M; Szeptycka, M; Szumlak, T; Tabarelli de Fatis, T; Taffard, A C; Tegenfeldt, F; Timmermans, J; Tkatchev, L; Tobin, M; Todorovova, S; Tomé, B; Tonazzo, A; Tortosa, P; Travnicek, P; Treille, D; Tristram, G; Trochimczuk, M; Troncon, C; Turluer, M L; Tyapkin, I A; Tyapkin, P; Tzamarias, S; Uvarov, V; Valenti, G; van Dam, P; Van Eldik, J; Van Remortel, N; Van Vulpen, I; Vegni, G; Veloso, F; Venus, W; Verdier, P; Verzi, V; Vilanova, D; Vitale, L; Vrba, V; Wahlen, H; Washbrook, A J; Weiser, C; Wicke, D; Wickens, J; Wilkinson, G; Winter, M; Witek, M; Yushchenko, O; Zalewska-Bak, A; Zalewski, P; Zavrtanik, D; Zhuravlov, V; Zimin, N I; Zintchenko, A; Zupan, M
2008-01-01
This paper presents the final interpretation of the results from DELPHI on the searches for Higgs bosons in the Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM). A few representative scenarios are considered, that include CP conservation and explicit CP violation in the Higgs sector. The experimental results encompass the searches for neutral Higgs bosons at LEP1 and LEP2 in final states as expected in the MSSM, as well as LEP2 searches for charged Higgs bosons and for neutral Higgs bosons decaying into hadrons independent of the quark flavour. The data reveal no significant excess with respect to background expectations. The results are translated into excluded regions of the parameter space in the various scenarios. In the CP-conserving case, these lead to limits on the masses of the lightest scalar and pseudoscalar Higgs bosons, h and A, and on tan(beta). The dependence of these limits on the top quark mass is discussed. Allowing for CP violation reduces the experimental sensitivity to Higgs b...
Hanagata, Nobutaka
2017-01-01
Unmethylated cytosine-guanine dinucleotide-containing oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG ODNs), which are synthetic agonists of Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9), activate humoral and cellular immunity and are being developed as vaccine adjuvants to prevent or treat cancers, infectious diseases, and allergies. Free CpG ODNs have been used in many clinical trials implemented to verify their effects. However, recent research has reported that self-assembled CpG ODNs, protein/peptide–CpG ODN conjugates, and nanomaterial–CpG ODN complexes demonstrate higher adjuvant effects than free CpG ODNs, owing to their improved uptake efficiency into cells expressing TLR9. Moreover, protein/peptide–CpG ODN conjugates and nanomaterial–CpG ODN complexes are able to deliver CpG ODNs and antigens (or allergens) to the same types of cells, which enables a higher degree of prophylaxis or therapeutic effect. In this review, the author describes recent trends in the research and development of CpG ODN nanomedicines containing self-assembled CpG ODNs, protein/peptide–CpG ODN conjugates, and nanomaterial–CpG ODN complexes, focusing mainly on the results of preclinical and clinical studies. PMID:28144136
Constraints on Mixing and CP-Violation in the Neutral Charmed Meson System at LHCb
Alexander, Michael Thomas; Soler, P
This thesis presents measurements of the charm sector mixing and CP-violation parameters yCP and AGamma, made using data collected in 2010 by the LHCb experiment at the LHC at a centre of mass energy of 7 TeV. yCP is defined as the difference from unity of the ratio of the effective lifetime of the D0 meson decaying to a CP-undefined final state to its lifetime when decaying to a CP-eigenstate. AGamma is the CP-asymmetry of the effective lifetimes of the D0 and D0bar when decaying to a CP-eigenstate. In the absence of CPV yCP will be consistent with the mixing parameter y, and AGamma will be consistent with zero. CP-violation in the charm sector is predicted to be very small in the SM, though first evidence for direct CP-violation in D0 decays has recently been observed by LHCb. Observation of significantly more CP-violation than is allowed in the SM would be a strong indication of new physics. The current world best measurements of yCP and AGamma show no evidence of CP-violation. The methods used to measure ...
Nardi, Albert; Idiart, Andrés; Trinchero, Paolo; de Vries, Luis Manuel; Molinero, Jorge
2014-08-01
This paper presents the development, verification and application of an efficient interface, denoted as iCP, which couples two standalone simulation programs: the general purpose Finite Element framework COMSOL Multiphysics® and the geochemical simulator PHREEQC. The main goal of the interface is to maximize the synergies between the aforementioned codes, providing a numerical platform that can efficiently simulate a wide number of multiphysics problems coupled with geochemistry. iCP is written in Java and uses the IPhreeqc C++ dynamic library and the COMSOL Java-API. Given the large computational requirements of the aforementioned coupled models, special emphasis has been placed on numerical robustness and efficiency. To this end, the geochemical reactions are solved in parallel by balancing the computational load over multiple threads. First, a benchmark exercise is used to test the reliability of iCP regarding flow and reactive transport. Then, a large scale thermo-hydro-chemical (THC) problem is solved to show the code capabilities. The results of the verification exercise are successfully compared with those obtained using PHREEQC and the application case demonstrates the scalability of a large scale model, at least up to 32 threads.
NACE国际阴极保护技术（CP1，CP2，CP3）资格认证培训班
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2012-01-01
中国腐蚀与防护学会与美国腐蚀工程师国际协会（NACEInternational）合作，决定于2012年3月、5月、6月在北京举办NACE国际阴极保护技术资格认证培训班（CP1，CP2，CP3）。
Nowroozalizadeh, Salma; Jansson, Marianne; Adamsson, Jenni; Lindblad, Marianne; Fenyö, Eva-Maria; Holmgren, Jan; Harandi, Ali M
2008-05-01
Administration of oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) containing CpG motifs generates a rapid and potent response of CC-chemokines, known as ligands of the HIV-1 co-receptor CCR5, in the murine female genital tract. The present study explored the potential HIV inhibitory activities of different human CpG prototypes either alone or conjugated to the non-toxic subunit of cholera toxin (CTB). Results showed that in vitro replication of both HIV-1 and HIV-2 can be suppressed by different human CpG prototypes. Importantly, the conjugation of CpG ODN to CTB (CTB-CpG) enhanced the antiviral activity of CpG against primary HIV-1 isolates of both R5 and X4 phenotypes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) as well as U87.CD4 co-receptor indicator cells. CTB-CpGs triggered higher amounts of MIP-1alpha, and MIP-1beta in PBMC than the corresponding CpG ODNs, which may explain the superior antiviral effect of CTB-CpG against R5 virus in PBMC. Incubation of PBMC with CpG ODN and CTB-CpG did not alter surface expression of HIV-1 receptors indicating that the observed anti-HIV-1 effect is not mediated through down regulation of HIV-1 receptors on target cells. Further, the enhanced antiviral effect of CTB-CpG was dependent on the presence of phosphorothioate backbone in the ODN, whereas the presence of CpG motif in ODNs was dispensable. These results have implications for the development of novel intervention strategies to prevent HIV infection.
Delobel, Arnaud; Graciet, Emmanuelle; Andreescu, Simona; Gontero, Brigitte; Halgand, Frédéric; Laprévote, Olivier
2005-01-01
The small chloroplast protein CP12 plays the role of a protein linker in the assembly process of a PRK/GAPDH/CP12 complex that is involved in CO2 assimilation in photosynthetic organisms. The redox state of CP12 regulates its role as a protein linker. Only the oxidized protein, with two disulfide bonds, is active in complex formation. Several observations indicating that CP12 might bind a metal ion led us to screen the binding of different metal ions on oxidized or reduced CP12 using non-covalent electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) experiments. The oxidized protein bound specifically Cu2+ and Ni2+ (Kd of 26+/-1 microM and 11+/-1 microM, respectively); other cations such as Fe2+ and Zn2+ did not bind, while cations such as Cd2+ formed non-specific adducts to CP12. Similar results were obtained for metal ions on screening with the reduced CP12. Interestingly, the present results suggest that Cu2+ catalyzes the re-formation of the disulfide bonds of the reduced CP12, leading to recovery of the fully oxidized CP12 that is then able to bind a Cu2+ ion. Finally the high similarity between CP12 and copper chaperones from Arabidopsis thaliana, as judged by hydrophobic cluster analysis, provides additional evidence for the relevance of metal binding for the in vivo situation. The findings that CP12 is able to bind a metal ion, and that Cu2+ catalyzes the oxidation of the thiol groups of CP12, are new characteristics of this protein that may prove to be important in the regulation of the assembly process of the PRK/GAPDH/CP12 complex.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Janardhana. K
2015-01-01
Full Text Available The metal matrix composites offer a spectrum of advantages that are important for their selection and use as structural materials. A few such advantages are high strength, high elastic modulus, high toughness and impact resistance, low sensitivity to changes in temperature or thermal shock, high surface durability, low sensitivity to surface flaws, high electrical and thermal conductivity, minimum exposure to the potential problem of moisture absorption resulting in environmental degradation and improved machinability with conventional metal working equipment. The aim of the present study is to investigate the corrosion properties of Silicon Carbide particles (SiCp reinforced Aluminum matrix composite after retrogression and re-aging heat treatment. Aluminum 7075 alloy with 0%, 5%, 10% and 15% SiCp were studied
Time-integrated CP violation measurements in the B mesons system at the LHCb experiment
Cardinale, R
2016-01-01
Time-integrated CP violation measurements in the B meson system provide information for testing the CKM picture of CP violation in the Standard Model. A review of recent results from the LHCb experiment is presented.
Synthesis of Carboxylate Cp*Zr(IV) Species: Toward the Formation of Novel Metallocavitands.
Daigle, Maxime; Bi, Wenhua; Légaré, Marc-André; Morin, Jean-François; Fontaine, Frédéric-Georges
2015-06-01
With the intent of generating metallocavitands isostructural to species [(CpZr)3(μ(3)-O)(μ(2)-OH)3(κO,O,μ(2)-O2C(R))3](+), the reaction of Cp*2ZrCl2 and Cp*ZrCl3 with phenylcarboxylic acids was carried out. Depending on the reaction conditions, five new complexes were obtained, which consisted of Cp*2ZrCl(κ(2)-OOCPh) (1), (Cp*ZrCl(κ(2)-OOCPh))2(μ-κ(2)-OOCPh)2 (2), [(Cp*Zr(κ(2)-OOCPh))2(μ-κ(2)-OOCPh)2(μ(2)-OH)2]·Et2O (3·Et2O), [[Cp*ZrCl2](μ-Cl)(μ-OH)(μ-O2CC6H5)[Cp*Zr
Diffeomorphic types of complements of nice point arrangements in CP~l
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
YAU Stephen S.-T.; YE Fei
2009-01-01
We use a new method to study arrangement in CP~l,define a class of nice point arrangements and show that if two nice point arrangements have the same combinatorics,then their complements are diffeomorphic to each other. In particular,the moduli space of nice point arrangements with same combinatorics in CP~l is connected. It generalizes the result on point arrangements in CP~3 to point arrangements in CP~l for any l.
Test of CP invariance in $Z \\to \\mu^+ \\mu^- \\gamma$ decay
Acciarri, M; Aguilar-Benítez, M; Ahlen, S P; Alcaraz, J; Alemanni, G; Allaby, James V; Aloisio, A; Alviggi, M G; Ambrosi, G; Anderhub, H; Andreev, V P; Angelescu, T; Anselmo, F; Arefev, A; Azemoon, T; Aziz, T; Bagnaia, P; Baksay, L; Ball, R C; Banerjee, S; Banerjee, Sw; Banicz, K; Barczyk, A; Barillère, R; Barone, L; Bartalini, P; Baschirotto, A; Basile, M; Battiston, R; Bay, A; Becattini, F; Becker, U; Behner, F; Berdugo, J; Berges, P; Bertucci, B; Betev, B L; Bhattacharya, S; Biasini, M; Biland, A; Bilei, G M; Blaising, J J; Blyth, S C; Bobbink, Gerjan J; Böck, R K; Böhm, A; Boldizsar, L; Borgia, B; Bourilkov, D; Bourquin, Maurice; Boutigny, D; Braccini, S; Branson, J G; Brigljevic, V; Brock, I C; Buffini, A; Buijs, A; Burger, J D; Burger, W J; Busenitz, J K; Cai, X D; Campanelli, M; Capell, M; Cara Romeo, G; Carlino, G; Cartacci, A M; Casaus, J; Castellini, G; Cavallari, F; Cavallo, N; Cecchi, C; Cerrada-Canales, M; Cesaroni, F; Chamizo-Llatas, M; Chang, Y H; Chaturvedi, U K; Chemarin, M; Chen, A; Chen, G; Chen, G M; Chen, H F; Chen, H S; Chen, M; Chiefari, G; Chien, C Y; Cifarelli, Luisa; Cindolo, F; Civinini, C; Clare, I; Clare, R; Coignet, G; Colijn, A P; Colino, N; Costantini, S; Cotorobai, F; de la Cruz, B; Csilling, Akos; Dai, T S; D'Alessandro, R; De Asmundis, R; Degré, A; Deiters, K; Denes, P; De Notaristefani, F; Diemoz, M; Van Dierendonck, D N; Di Lodovico, F; Dionisi, C; Dittmar, Michael; Dominguez, A; Doria, A; Dova, M T; Drago, E; Duchesneau, D; Duinker, P; Durán, I; Easo, S; El-Mamouni, H; Engler, A; Eppling, F J; Erné, F C; Ernenwein, J P; Extermann, Pierre; Fabre, M; Faccini, R; Falagán, M A; Falciano, S; Favara, A; Fay, J; Fedin, O; Felcini, Marta; Ferguson, T; Ferroni, F; Fesefeldt, H S; Fiandrini, E; Field, J H; Filthaut, Frank; Fisher, P H; Fisk, I; Forconi, G; Fredj, L; Freudenreich, Klaus; Furetta, C; Galaktionov, Yu; Ganguli, S N; García-Abia, P; Gataullin, M; Gau, S S; Gentile, S; Gerald, J; Gheordanescu, N; Giagu, S; Goldfarb, S; Goldstein, J; Gong, Z F; Gougas, Andreas; Gratta, Giorgio; Grünewald, M W; van Gulik, R; Gupta, V K; Gurtu, A; Gutay, L J; Haas, D; Hartmann, B; Hasan, A; Hatzifotiadou, D; Hebbeker, T; Hervé, A; Hidas, P; Hirschfelder, J; Van Hoek, W C; Hofer, H; Hoorani, H; Hou, S R; Hu, G; Iashvili, I; Jin, B N; Jones, L W; de Jong, P; Josa-Mutuberria, I; Kasser, A; Khan, R A; Kamrad, D; Kapustinsky, J S; Karyotakis, Yu; Kaur, M; Kienzle-Focacci, M N; Kim, D; Kim, D H; Kim, J K; Kim, S C; Kinnison, W W; Kirkby, A; Kirkby, D; Kirkby, Jasper; Kiss, D; Kittel, E W; Klimentov, A; König, A C; Kopp, A; Korolko, I; Koutsenko, V F; Krämer, R W; Krenz, W; Kunin, A; Lacentre, P E; Ladrón de Guevara, P; Landi, G; Lapoint, C; Lassila-Perini, K M; Laurikainen, P; Lavorato, A; Lebeau, M; Lebedev, A; Lebrun, P; Lecomte, P; Lecoq, P; Le Coultre, P; Lee, H J; Leggett, C; Le Goff, J M; Leiste, R; Leonardi, E; Levchenko, P M; Li Chuan; Lin, C H; Lin, W T; Linde, Frank L; Lista, L; Liu, Z A; Lohmann, W; Longo, E; Lu, W; Lü, Y S; Lübelsmeyer, K; Luci, C; Luckey, D; Luminari, L; Lustermann, W; Ma Wen Gan; Maity, M; Majumder, G; Malgeri, L; Malinin, A; Maña, C; Mangeol, D J J; Marchesini, P A; Marian, G; Marin, A; Martin, J P; Marzano, F; Massaro, G G G; Mazumdar, K; Mele, S; Merola, L; Meschini, M; Metzger, W J; Von der Mey, M; Mi, Y; Migani, D; Mihul, A; Van Mil, A J W; Milcent, H; Mirabelli, G; Mnich, J; Molnár, P; Monteleoni, B; Moore, R; Moulik, T; Mount, R; Muheim, F; Muijs, A J M; Nahn, S; Napolitano, M; Nessi-Tedaldi, F; Newman, H; Niessen, T; Nippe, A; Nisati, A; Nowak, H; Oh, Yu D; Organtini, G; Ostonen, R; Palit, S; Palomares, C; Pandoulas, D; Paoletti, S; Paolucci, P; Park, H K; Park, I H; Pascale, G; Passaleva, G; Patricelli, S; Paul, T; Pauluzzi, M; Paus, C; Pauss, Felicitas; Peach, D; Pei, Y J; Pensotti, S; Perret-Gallix, D; Petersen, B; Petrak, S; Pevsner, A; Piccolo, D; Pieri, M; Piroué, P A; Pistolesi, E; Plyaskin, V; Pohl, M; Pozhidaev, V; Postema, H; Pothier, J; Produit, N; Prokofev, D; Prokofiev, D O; Quartieri, J; Rahal-Callot, G; Raja, N; Rancoita, P G; Rattaggi, M; Raven, G; Razis, P A; Ren, D; Rescigno, M; Reucroft, S; Van Rhee, T; Riemann, S; Riles, K; Rind, O; Robohm, A; Rodin, J; Roe, B P; Romero, L; Rosier-Lees, S; Rosselet, P; Roth, S; Rubio, Juan Antonio; Ruschmeier, D; Rykaczewski, H; Sakar, S; Salicio, J; Sánchez, E; Sanders, M P; Sarakinos, M E; Sauvage, G; Schäfer, C; Shchegelskii, V; Schmidt-Kärst, S; Schmitz, D; Schneegans, M; Scholz, N; Schopper, Herwig Franz; Schotanus, D J; Schwenke, J; Schwering, G; Sciacca, C; Sciarrino, D; Servoli, L; Shevchenko, S; Shivarov, N; Shoutko, V; Shukla, J; Shumilov, E; Shvorob, A V; Siedenburg, T; Son, D; Soulimov, V; Smith, B; Spillantini, P; Steuer, M; Stickland, D P; Stone, H; Stoyanov, B; Strässner, A; Sudhakar, K; Sultanov, G G; Sun, L Z; Susinno, G F; Suter, H; Swain, J D; Tang, X W; Tauscher, Ludwig; Taylor, L; Timmermans, C; Ting, Samuel C C; Ting, S M; Tonwar, S C; Tóth, J; Tully, C; Tung, K L; Uchida, Y; Ulbricht, J; Valente, E; Vesztergombi, G; Vetlitskii, I; Viertel, Gert M; Vivargent, M; Vlachos, S; Vogel, H; Vogt, H; Vorobev, I; Vorobyov, A A; Vorvolakos, A; Wadhwa, M; Wallraff, W; Wang, J C; Wang, X L; Wang, Z M; Weber, A; Wu, S X; Wynhoff, S; Xu, J; Xu, Z Z; Yang, B Z; Yang, C G; Yang, H J; Yang, M; Ye, J B; Yeh, S C; You, J M; Zalite, A; Zalite, Yu; Zemp, P; Zeng, Y; Zhang, Z P; Zhou, B; Zhou, Y; Zhu, G Y; Zhu, R Y; Zichichi, Antonino; Ziegler, F; Zilizi, G
1998-01-01
We report on the first test of CP invariance in Z decays with hard photon radiation. The data recorded with the L3 detector at centre-of-mass energies near the Z resonance are used to search for CP violation in the reaction $\\mathrm{e^+e^-}\\rightarrow\\mu^+\\mu^-\\gam ma$. No evidence for CP violation is found and limits on the CP-violating form factors $f^\\mu_{\\mathrm{A}}$ and $f^\\mu_{\\mathrm{V}}$ are derived.
2010-01-01
CpG ODN 10103 performs comparably in mice to CpG ODN 7909 (5’-TCGTCGTTTTGTCGTTTTGTCGTT-3’), which was previously reported to protect the BALB/c mice...SHORT REPORT Open Access CpG oligodeoxyribonucleotides protect mice from Burkholderia pseudomallei but not Francisella tularensis Schu S4 aerosols...that CpG oligodeoxyribonucleotides (ODN) protect mice from various bacterial pathogens, including Burkholderia pseudomallei and Francisella tularensis
Datasets from an interaction proteomics screen for substrates of the SCFβTrCP ubiquitin ligase
Magliozzi, Roberto; Peng, Mao; Mohammed, Shabaz; Guardavaccaro, Daniele; Heck, Albert J R; Low, Teck Yew
2015-01-01
An affinity purification-mass spectrometry (AP-MS) method was employed to identify novel substrates of the SCFβTrCP ubiquitin ligase. A FLAG-HA tagged version of the F-box protein βTrCP2, the substrate recognition subunit of SCFβTrCP, was used as bait. βTrCP2 wild type and the two mutants
Alternative Schemes of Predicting Lepton Mixing Parameters from Discrete Flavor and CP Symmetry
Lu, Jun-Nan
2016-01-01
We suggest two alternative schemes to predict lepton mixing angles as well as $CP$ violating phases from a discrete flavor symmetry group combined with $CP$ symmetry. In the first scenario, the flavor and $CP$ symmetry is broken to the residual groups of the structure $Z_2\\times CP$ in the neutrino and charged lepton sectors. The resulting lepton mixing matrix depends on two free parameters $\\theta_{\
LHCb: Search for CP violation in $D^+ \\to K^-K^+\\pi^+$ decays at LHCb
Gordon, Hamish
2012-01-01
A model-independent search for direct CP violation in the Cabibbo suppressed decay $D^+ \\to K^-K^+\\pi^+$ in a sample of approximately 370,000 decays is described. The normalized Dalitz plot distributions for $D^+$ and $D^-$ are compared using four different binning schemes that are sensitive to different manifestations of CP violation. No evidence for CP asymmetry is found.
A time-dependent measurement of charm CP violation at LHCb
Smith, M
2014-01-01
A time dependent analysis of CP violation in charm mesons is presented through the measurement of the observable $A_{\\Gamma}$. This observable involves precise measurements of the D0 lifetime as it decays to a CP eigenstate. The results presented are the most precise to date. No CP violation is observed.
Mixing and CP Violation in the Decay of Neutral D Mesons at CLEO
Cronin-Hennessy, D; Thorndike, E H; Coan, T E; Fadeev, V; Gao, Y S; Maravin, Y; Narsky, I; Stroynowski, R; Ye, J; Wlodek, T; Artuso, M; Boulahouache, C; Bukin, K; Dambasuren, E; Majumder, G; Mountain, R; Schuh, S; Skwarnicki, T; Stone, S; Wang, J C; Wolf, A; Wu, J; Kopp, S; Kostin, M A; Mahmood, A H; Csorna, S E; Danko, I; McLean, K W; Xu, Z; Godang, R; Bonvicini, G; Cinabro, D; Dubrovin, M; McGee, S; Zhou, G J; Bornheim, A; Lipeles, E; Pappas, S P; Shapiro, A; Sun, W M; Weinstein, A J; Jaffe, D E; Mahapatra, R; Masek, G; Paar, H P; Asner, D M; Eppich, A; Hill, T S; Morrison, R J; Briere, R A; Chen, G P; Ferguson, T; Vogel, H; Gritsan, A; Alexander, J P; Baker, R; Bebek, C; Berger, B E; Berkelman, K; Blanc, F; Boisvert, V; Cassel, David G; Drell, P S; Duboscq, J E; Ecklund, K M; Ehrlich, R; Gaidarev, P B; Gibbons, L; Gittelman, B; Gray, S W; Hartill, D L; Heltsley, B K; Hopman, P I; Hsu, L; Jones, C D; Kandaswamy, J; Kreinick, D L; Lohner, M; Magerkurth, A; Meyer, T O; Mistry, N B; Nordberg, E; Palmer, M; Patterson, J R; Peterson, D; Riley, D; Romano, A; Schwarthoff, H; Thayer, J G; Urner, D; Valant-Spaight, B L; Viehhauser, G; Warburton, A; Avery, P; Prescott, C; Rubiera, A I; Stöck, H; Yelton, J; Brandenburg, G; Ershov, A; Kim, D Y J; Wilson, R; Bergfeld, T; Eisenstein, B I; Ernst, J; Gladding, G E; Gollin, G D; Hans, R M; Johnson, E; Karliner, I; Marsh, M A; Plager, C; Sedlack, C; Selen, M; Thaler, J J; Williams, J; Edwards, K W; Janicek, R; Patel, P M; Sadoff, A J; Ammar, R; Bean, A; Besson, D; Zhao, X; Anderson, S; Frolov, V V; Kubota, Y; Lee, S J; O'Neill, J J; Poling, R A; Smith, A; Stepaniak, C J; Urheim, J; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Athar, S B; Jian, L; Ling, L; Saleem, M; Timm, S; Wappler, F; Anastassov, A; Eckhart, E; Gan, K K; Gwon, C; Hart, T; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Pedlar, T K; Thayer, J B; Von Törne, E; Zoeller, M M; Richichi, S J; Severini, H; Skubic, P L; Undrus, A; Savinov, V; Chen, S; Fast, J; Hinson, J W; Lee, J; Miller, D H; Shibata, E I; Shipsey, I P J; Pavlunin, V
2001-01-01
We present preliminary results of several analyses searching for the effects of CP violation and mixing in the decay of D0 mesons. We find no evidence of CP asymmetry in five different two-body decay modes of the D0 to pairs of light pseudo-scalar mesons: A_CP(K+ K-) = (+0.05 +- 2.18 +- 0.84)%, A_CP(pi+ pi-) = (+2.0 +- 3.2 +- 0.8)%, A_CP(K0_S pi0) = (+0.1 +- 1.3)% A_CP(pi0 pi0) = (+0.1 +- 4.8)% and A_CP(K0_S K0_S) = (-23 +- 19)%. We present the first measurement of the rate of wrong-sign D0 -> K+ pi- pi0 decay: R_WS = 0.0043 + 0.0011 - 0.0010 +- 0.0007. Finally, we describe a measurement of the mixing parameter y_CP= Delta Gamma / (2 Gamma) by searching for a lifetime difference between the CP neutral K+ pi- final state and the CP even K+K- and pi+pi- final states. Under the assumption that CP is conserved we find y_CP = -0.011 +- 0.025 +- 0.014.
Collaborations between CpG sites in DNA methylation
Song, You; Ren, Honglei; Lei, Jinzhi
2017-08-01
DNA methylation patterns have profound impacts on genome stability, gene expression and development. The molecular base of DNA methylation patterns has long been focused at single CpG sites level. Here, we construct a kinetic model of DNA methylation with collaborations between CpG sites, from which a correlation function was established based on experimental data. The function consists of three parts that suggest three possible sources of the correlation: movement of enzymes along DNA, collaboration between DNA methylation and nucleosome modification, and global enzyme concentrations within a cell. Moreover, the collaboration strength between DNA methylation and nucleosome modification is universal for mouse early embryo cells. The obtained correlation function provides insightful understanding for the mechanisms of inheritance of DNA methylation patterns.
An Efficient Cluster Algorithm for CP(N-1) Models
Beard, B B; Riederer, S; Wiese, U J
2005-01-01
We construct an efficient cluster algorithm for ferromagnetic SU(N)-symmetric quantum spin systems. Such systems provide a new regularization for CP(N-1) models in the framework of D-theory, which is an alternative non-perturbative approach to quantum field theory formulated in terms of discrete quantum variables instead of classical fields. Despite several attempts, no efficient cluster algorithm has been constructed for CP(N-1) models in the standard formulation of lattice field theory. In fact, there is even a no-go theorem that prevents the construction of an efficient Wolff-type embedding algorithm. We present various simulations for different correlation lengths, couplings and lattice sizes. We have simulated correlation lengths up to 250 lattice spacings on lattices as large as 640x640 and we detect no evidence for critical slowing down.
Measurements of B meson decay rates and CP violation asymmetries
Ruffini, Fabrizio
2011-01-01
Hadrons containing b-quarks represent a great opportunity to investigate the flavor sector of the Standard Model (SM) and to look for New Physics effects (NP). In this report we review the most up-to-date results on b-hadron decay rates and CP violating asymmetries: among other results, we report Branching Ratio (BR) and CP Violation (CPV) of B0, B0s and Lambda0b decay modes into pairs of charmless charged hadrons (pions, kaons and protons), the first search for CPV in B0s to phiphi decays and the first observation of bs to K0starK0star decay. Two new results from the CDF collaboration are reported: the first evidence of B0s to pipi decay and the world's best measurement of BR (B0 to KK).
Evidence of CP violation in B -> hhh charmless decays
CERN. Geneva
2012-01-01
We present the first evidence of CP violation in the B+→ pi+pi-pi+, B+→ K+pi+pi-, B+→ K+K-pi+ and B+→K+K-K+ decays using the 1.0 fb-1 of data collected by the LHCb experiment during 2011. The results show that the 3pi and Kpipi channels present a positive asymmetry while the KKpi and KKK modes present a negative asymmetry. We also study the variation of the CP violation effects in the phase space of each three-body decay. We find significant inhomogeneities that reveal regions with particularly large asymmetries in the pipi and KK low mass regions in B+→pi+pi-pi+ and B+→K+K-pi+ respectively.
Origin of Constrained Maximal CP Violation in Flavor Symmetry
He, Hong-Jian; Xu, Xun-Jie
2015-01-01
Current data from neutrino oscillation experiments are in good agreement with $\\delta=-\\pi/2$ and $\\theta_{23} = \\pi/4$. We define the notion of "constrained maximal CP violation" for these features and study their origin in flavor symmetry models. We give various parametrization-independent definitions of constrained maximal CP violation and present a theorem on how it can be generated. This theorem takes advantage of residual symmetries in the neutrino and charged lepton mass matrices, and states that, up to a few exceptions, $\\delta=\\pm\\pi/2$ and $\\theta_{23} = \\pi/4$ are generated when those symmetries are real. The often considered $\\mu$-$\\tau$ reflection symmetry, as well as specific discrete subgroups of $O(3)$, are special case of our theorem.
CHEMICAL ABUNDANCES OF THE MAGNETIC CP STAR HD 168733
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ana Collado
2009-01-01
Full Text Available Se ha llevado a cabo un an lisis detallado de las abundancias en la estrella CP magn tica HD 168733 utilizando espectros de alta resoluci n obtenidos con el espectr grafo echelle EBASIM del telescopio de 2.1 m de CASLEO en Argentina. Los espectros cubren la regi n 382{700 nm. La estrella no puede ser clasi cada ni como una peculiar de HgMn ni como perteneciente al grupo CP2 de silicio. Comparada con el Sol, C, N son levementes sobreabundantes mientras que el Mg y S son de cientes, Si es normal y P y Cl son sobreabundantes. Los elementos del pico de hierro: Sc, Ti, Cr y Fe son sobreabundantes. Se han identi cado tambi n l neas de Ti III y Fe III. HD 168733 muestra una gran sobreabundancia de Ga, Sr, Y, Zr, Xe, Pt, Hg y algunas tierras raras.
Condensations of Cp(X onto σ-compact spaces
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Vladimir V. Tkachuk
2009-04-01
Full Text Available We show, in particular, that if nw(Nt ≤ k for any t ϵ T and C is a dense subspace of the product ǁ{Nt : t 2 T} then, for any continuous (not necessarily surjective map ϕ : C ͢ K of C into a compact space K with t(K ≤ k, we have ψ(ϕ (C ≤ k. This result has several applications in Cp-theory. We prove, among other things, that if K is a non-metrizable Corson compact space then Cp(K cannot be condensed onto a σ-compact space. This answers two questions published by Arhangel’skii and Pavlov.
Mixing-induced CP Asymmetries in Inclusive $B$ Decays
Beneke, Martin; Dunietz, Isard; Beneke, Martin; Buchalla, Gerhard; Dunietz, Isard
1996-01-01
We consider CP violating asymmetries that are induced by particle-antiparticle mixing in inclusive channels of neutral $B$ meson decay. Not only are the branching ratios sizable, at the 1% to 50% level, but some of those asymmetries are expected to be large because of substantial CKM phases. The inclusive sum partially dilutes the asymmetries, but the dilution factor is calculable, assuming local quark-hadron duality, and CKM parameters can be reliably extracted. We discuss in detail the determination of $sin asymmetries for other inclusive final states. While probably not yet sensitive to standard model predictions, meaningful CP violation studies can be conducted with existing data samples of inclusive neutral $B$ decays.
Could Large CP Violation Be Detected at Colliders?
Im, C J C; Malde, P
1993-01-01
We argue that CP--violation effects below a few tenths of a percent are probably undetectable at hadron and electron colliders. Thus only operators whose contributions interfere with tree--level Standard Model amplitudes are detectable. We list these operators for Standard Model external particles and some two and three body final state reactions that could show detectable effects. These could test electroweak baryogenesis scenarios.
Search for the CP forbidden decay eta-->4pi(0)
Prakhov; Tippens; Allgower; Bekrenev; Berger; Briscoe; Clajus; Comfort; Craig; Grosnick; Huber; Isenhower; Knecht; Koetke; Koulbardis; Kozlenko; Kruglov; Kycia; Lolos; Lopatin; Manley; Marusic; Manweiler; McDonald; Nefkens; Olmsted
2000-05-22
We report the first determination of the upper limit for the branching ratio of the CP forbidden decay eta-->4pi(0). No events were observed in a sample of 3.0x10(7) eta decays. The experiment was performed with the Crystal Ball multiphoton spectrometer installed in a separated pi(-) beam at the AGS (Alternating Gradient Synchrotron). At the 90% confidence limit, B(eta-->4pi(0))
Baryogenesis via leptonic CP-violating phase transition
Pascoli, Silvia; Zhou, Ye-Ling
2016-01-01
We propose a new mechanism to generate a lepton asymmetry based on the vacuum CP-violating phase transition (CPPT). This approach differs from classical thermal leptogenesis as a specific seesaw model, and its UV completion, need not be specified. The lepton asymmetry is generated via the dynamically realised coupling of the Weinberg operator during the phase transition. This mechanism provides strong connections with low-energy neutrino experiments.
Search for the CP Forbidden Decay η-->4π0
Prakhov, S.; Tippens, W. B.; Allgower, C.; Bekrenev, V.; Berger, E.; Briscoe, W. J.; Clajus, M.; Comfort, J. R.; Craig, K.; Grosnick, D.; Huber, G. M.; Isenhower, D.; Knecht, N.; Koetke, D.; Koulbardis, A.; Kozlenko, N.; Kruglov, S.; Kycia, T.; Lolos, G. J.; Lopatin, I.; Manley, D. M.; MarušiĆ, A.; Manweiler, R.; McDonald, S.; Nefkens, B. M.; Olmsted, J.; Papandreou, Z.; Peaslee, D.; Peterson, G. J.; Phaisangittisakul, N.; Pulver, M.; Ramirez, A. F.; Sadler, M. E.; Shafi, A.; Šlaus, I.; Spinka, H.; Stanislaus, S.; Starostin, A.; Staudenmaier, H. M.; Supek, I.; Wong, C. W.
2000-05-01
We report the first determination of the upper limit for the branching ratio of the CP forbidden decay η-->4π0. No events were observed in a sample of 3.0×107 η decays. The experiment was performed with the Crystal Ball multiphoton spectrometer installed in a separated π- beam at the AGS (Alternating Gradient Synchrotron). At the 90% confidence limit, B\\(η-->4π0\\)<=6.9×10-7.
CP-violating MSSM Higgs at Tevatron and LHC
Das, Siba Prasad
2010-01-01
We analyze the prospect for observing the intermediate neutral Higgs boson ($h_2$) in its decay to two lighter Higgs bosons ($h_1$) at the presently operating hadron colliders in the framework of the CP violating MSSM using the PYTHIA event generator. We consider the lepton+ 4-jets+ $\\met$ channel from associate $W h_2$ production, with $W h_2 \\ra W h_1 h_1 \\ra \\ell \
A Short Guide to Flavour Physics and CP Violation
Lee, Seung J
2015-01-01
We present the invited lectures given at the second Asia-Europe-Pacific School of High-Energy Physics (AEPSHEP), which took place in Puri, India in November 2014. The series of lectures aimed at graduate students in particle experiment/theory, covering the very basics of flavor physics and CP violation, some useful theoretical methods such as OPE and effective field theories, and some selected topics of flavour physics in the era of LHC.
CP violation in chargino production and decay into sneutrino
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bartl, A. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Wien, Boltzmanngasse 5, A-1090 Vienna (Austria)]. E-mail: bartl@ap.univie.ac.at; Fraas, H. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Wuerzburg, Am Hubland, D-97074 Wuerzburg (Germany)]. E-mail: fraas@physik.uni-wuerzburg.de; Kittel, O. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Wuerzburg, Am Hubland, D-97074 Wuerzburg (Germany)]. E-mail: kittel@physik.uni-wuerzburg.de; Majerotto, W. [Institut fuer Hochenergiephysik, Oesterreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Nikolsdorfergasse 18, A-1050 Wien (Austria)]. E-mail: majer@qhepu3.oeaw.ac.at
2004-09-23
We study CP odd asymmetries in chargino production e{sup +e}{yields}{chi}-tilde{sub 1}{sup {+-}}{chi}-tilde{sub 2}{sup -+} and the subsequent two-body decay of one chargino into a sneutrino. We show that in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model with complex parameter {mu} the asymmetries can reach 30%. We discuss the feasibility of measuring these asymmetries at a linear collider with {radical}s=800 GeV and longitudinally polarized beams.
CP-50 calibration facility radiological safety assessment document
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chilton, M.W.; Hill, R.L.; Eubank, B.F.
1980-03-01
The CP-50 Calibration Facility Radiological Safety Assessment document, prepared at the request of the Nevada Operations Office of the US Department of Energy to satisfy provisions of ERDA Manual Chapter 0531, presents design features, systems controls, and procedures used in the operation of the calibration facility. Site and facility characteristics and routine and non-routine operations, including hypothetical incidents or accidents are discussed and design factors, source control systems, and radiation monitoring considerations are described.
Strong CP violation and the neutron electric dipole form factor
Kuckei, J; Faessler, A; Gutsche, T; Kovalenko, S; Lyubovitskij, V E; Pumsa-ard, K; Dib, Claudio; Faessler, Amand; Gutsche, Th.; Kovalenko, Sergey
2005-01-01
We calculate the neutron electric dipole form factor induced by the CP violating theta-term of QCD, within a perturbative chiral quark model which includes pion and kaon clouds. On this basis we derive the neutron electric dipole moment and the electron-neutron Schiff moment. From the existing experimental upper limits on the neutron electric dipole moment we extract constraints on the theta-parameter and compare our results with other approaches.
$CP^N$ Model With a Chern-Simons Term
Ferretti, G
1992-01-01
The $CP^N$ model in three euclidean dimensions is studied in the presence of a Chern-Simons term using the $1/N$ expansion. The $\\beta$-function for the CS coefficient $\\theta$ is found to be zero to order $1/N$ in the unbroken phase by an explicit calculation. It is argued to be zero to all orders. Some remarks on the $\\theta$ dependence of the critical exponents are also made.
Observation of CP Violation in the Neutral B Meson System
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Levy, S
2004-06-16
This dissertation presents a measurement of time-dependent CP-violating asymmetries in neutral B meson decays collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B Factory at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. The data sample consists of about 88 million {Upsilon}(4S) {yields} B{bar B} decays collected between 1999 and 2002. We study events in which one neutral B meson decay to the CP-eigenstates J/{psi} K{sub S}{sup 0}, {psi}(2S)K{sub S}{sup 0}, {chi}{sub c1}K{sub S}{sup 0}, and {eta}{sub c}K{sub S}{sup 0}, or to flavor-eigenstates involving D{sup (*)}{pi}/{rho}/a{sub 1} and J/{psi}K*{sup 0}(K*{sup 0} {yields} K{sup +} {pi}{sup -}), is fully reconstructed. The flavor of the other neutral B meson is tagged at the time of its decay, mainly using the charge of identified leptons and kaons. The proper time elapsed between the meson decays is determined by measuring the distance between the decay vertices. The amplitude of the CP-violating asymmetry, which in the Standard Model is proportional to sin2{beta}, is determined from a simultaneous maximum-likelihood fit to the time-difference distribution of the flavor- and CP-eigenstate samples. We measure sin2{beta} = 0.755 {+-} 0.074 (stat) {+-} 0.030 (syst).
Rett Syndrome Mutant Neural Cells Lacks MeCP2 Immunoreactive Bands.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Carlos Bueno
Full Text Available Dysfunctions of MeCP2 protein lead to various neurological disorders such as Rett syndrome and Autism. The exact functions of MeCP2 protein is still far from clear. At a molecular level, there exist contradictory data. MeCP2 protein is considered a single immunoreactive band around 75 kDa by western-blot analysis but several reports have revealed the existence of multiple MeCP2 immunoreactive bands above and below the level where MeCP2 is expected. MeCP2 immunoreactive bands have been interpreted in different ways. Some researchers suggest that multiple MeCP2 immunoreactive bands are unidentified proteins that cross-react with the MeCP2 antibody or degradation product of MeCP2, while others suggest that MeCP2 post-transcriptional processing generates multiple molecular forms linked to cell signaling, but so far they have not been properly analyzed in relation to Rett syndrome experimental models. The purpose of this study is to advance understanding of multiple MeCP2 immunoreactive bands in control neural cells and p.T158M MeCP2e1 mutant cells. We have generated stable wild-type and p.T158M MeCP2e1-RFP mutant expressing cells. Application of N- and C- terminal MeCP2 antibodies, and also, RFP antibody minimized concerns about nonspecific cross-reactivity, since they react with the same antigen at different epitopes. We report the existence of multiple MeCP2 immunoreactive bands in control cells, stable wild-type and p.T158M MeCP2e1-RFP mutant expressing cells. Also, MeCP2 immunoreactive bands differences were found between wild-type and p.T158M MeCP2e1-RFP mutant expressing cells. Slower migration phosphorylated band around 70kDa disappeared in p.T158M MeCP2e1-RFP mutant expressing cells. These data suggest that threonine 158 could represent an important phosphorylation site potentially involved in protein function. Our results clearly indicate that MeCP2 antibodies have no cross-reactivity with similar epitopes on others proteins, supporting the
Rett Syndrome Mutant Neural Cells Lacks MeCP2 Immunoreactive Bands
Bueno, Carlos; Tabares-Seisdedos, Rafael; Moraleda, Jose M.; Martinez, Salvador
2016-01-01
Dysfunctions of MeCP2 protein lead to various neurological disorders such as Rett syndrome and Autism. The exact functions of MeCP2 protein is still far from clear. At a molecular level, there exist contradictory data. MeCP2 protein is considered a single immunoreactive band around 75 kDa by western-blot analysis but several reports have revealed the existence of multiple MeCP2 immunoreactive bands above and below the level where MeCP2 is expected. MeCP2 immunoreactive bands have been interpreted in different ways. Some researchers suggest that multiple MeCP2 immunoreactive bands are unidentified proteins that cross-react with the MeCP2 antibody or degradation product of MeCP2, while others suggest that MeCP2 post-transcriptional processing generates multiple molecular forms linked to cell signaling, but so far they have not been properly analyzed in relation to Rett syndrome experimental models. The purpose of this study is to advance understanding of multiple MeCP2 immunoreactive bands in control neural cells and p.T158M MeCP2e1 mutant cells. We have generated stable wild-type and p.T158M MeCP2e1-RFP mutant expressing cells. Application of N- and C- terminal MeCP2 antibodies, and also, RFP antibody minimized concerns about nonspecific cross-reactivity, since they react with the same antigen at different epitopes. We report the existence of multiple MeCP2 immunoreactive bands in control cells, stable wild-type and p.T158M MeCP2e1-RFP mutant expressing cells. Also, MeCP2 immunoreactive bands differences were found between wild-type and p.T158M MeCP2e1-RFP mutant expressing cells. Slower migration phosphorylated band around 70kDa disappeared in p.T158M MeCP2e1-RFP mutant expressing cells. These data suggest that threonine 158 could represent an important phosphorylation site potentially involved in protein function. Our results clearly indicate that MeCP2 antibodies have no cross-reactivity with similar epitopes on others proteins, supporting the idea that MeCP2 may
Rett Syndrome Mutant Neural Cells Lacks MeCP2 Immunoreactive Bands.
Bueno, Carlos; Tabares-Seisdedos, Rafael; Moraleda, Jose M; Martinez, Salvador
2016-01-01
Dysfunctions of MeCP2 protein lead to various neurological disorders such as Rett syndrome and Autism. The exact functions of MeCP2 protein is still far from clear. At a molecular level, there exist contradictory data. MeCP2 protein is considered a single immunoreactive band around 75 kDa by western-blot analysis but several reports have revealed the existence of multiple MeCP2 immunoreactive bands above and below the level where MeCP2 is expected. MeCP2 immunoreactive bands have been interpreted in different ways. Some researchers suggest that multiple MeCP2 immunoreactive bands are unidentified proteins that cross-react with the MeCP2 antibody or degradation product of MeCP2, while others suggest that MeCP2 post-transcriptional processing generates multiple molecular forms linked to cell signaling, but so far they have not been properly analyzed in relation to Rett syndrome experimental models. The purpose of this study is to advance understanding of multiple MeCP2 immunoreactive bands in control neural cells and p.T158M MeCP2e1 mutant cells. We have generated stable wild-type and p.T158M MeCP2e1-RFP mutant expressing cells. Application of N- and C- terminal MeCP2 antibodies, and also, RFP antibody minimized concerns about nonspecific cross-reactivity, since they react with the same antigen at different epitopes. We report the existence of multiple MeCP2 immunoreactive bands in control cells, stable wild-type and p.T158M MeCP2e1-RFP mutant expressing cells. Also, MeCP2 immunoreactive bands differences were found between wild-type and p.T158M MeCP2e1-RFP mutant expressing cells. Slower migration phosphorylated band around 70kDa disappeared in p.T158M MeCP2e1-RFP mutant expressing cells. These data suggest that threonine 158 could represent an important phosphorylation site potentially involved in protein function. Our results clearly indicate that MeCP2 antibodies have no cross-reactivity with similar epitopes on others proteins, supporting the idea that MeCP2 may
CP-violation reach of an electron capture neutrino beam
Orme, Christopher
2009-01-01
This article extends the work of Bernabeu and Espinoza by examining the CP-violation reach of a $^{150}$Dy electron capture beam through the variation of the two Lorentz boosts, the number of useful electron capture decays, the relative run time of each boost and the number of atmospheric backgrounds. The neutrinos are assumed to be sourced at CERN with an upgraded SPS and are directed towards a 440 kton Water Cerenkov detector located at the Canfranc laboratory. Two large `CP-coverage' choices for the boost pairings are found; a $\\delta$-symmetrical coverage for $(\\gamma_{1}, \\gamma_{2})$ = (280, 160) and an $\\delta$-asymmetric coverage for $(\\gamma_{1}, \\gamma_{2})$ = (440,150). With a nominal useful decay rate of $N_{\\rm ions} = 10^{18}$ per year, the $\\delta$-symmetric setup can rule out CP-conservation down to $\\sin^{2}2\\theta_{13} = 3\\cdot 10^{-4}$. To reach $\\sin^{2}2\\theta_{13} = 1\\cdot 10^{-3}$ for both $\\delta 0$ requires a useful decay rate of $N_{\\rm ions} = 6\\cdot 10^{17}$ per year.
CP-violation reach of an electron capture neutrino beam
Orme, Christopher
2010-07-01
This article extends the work of Bernabeu and Espinoza by examining the CP-violation reach of a 150Dy electron capture beam through the variation of the two Lorentz boosts, the number of useful electron capture decays, the relative run time of each boost and the number of atmospheric backgrounds. The neutrinos are assumed to be sourced at CERN with an upgraded SPS and are directed towards a 440 kton Water Cerenkov detector located at the Canfranc laboratory. Two large ‘CP-coverage’ choices for the boost pairings are found; a δ-symmetrical coverage for ( γ 1, γ 2) = (280, 160) and an δ-asymmetric coverage for ( γ 1 , γ 2) = (440,150). With a nominal useful decay rate of N ions = 1018 ions per year, the δ-symmetric setup can rule out CP-conservation down to sin2 2 θ 13 = 3•10-4. To reach sin2 2 θ 13 =1•10-3 for both δ 0 requires a useful decay rate of N ions = 6•1017 ions per year.
Rare top decay and CP violation in THDM
Gaitán, R; Y., J H Montes de Oca; Romo, S Rodriguez
2013-01-01
We discuss the formalism of two Higgs doublet model type III with CP violation from CP-even CP-odd mixing in the neutral Higgs bosons. The flavor changing interactions among neutral Higgs bosons and fermions are presented at tree level in this type of model. These assumptions allow the study rare top decays mediated by neutral Higgs bosons, particularly we are interested in $t\\rightarrow c l^+l^-$. For this process we estimated upper bounds of the branching ratios $\\textrm{Br}(t\\rightarrow c \\tau^+\\tau^-)$ of the order of $10^{-9}\\sim 10^{-7}$ for a neutral Higgs boson mass of 125 GeV and $\\tan\\beta=1$, 1.5, 2, 2.5. For the case of $t\\rightarrow c \\tau^+\\tau^-$ the number of possible events is estimated from 1 to 10 events which could be observed in future experiments at LHC with a luminosity of 300 $\\textrm{fb}^{-1}$ and 14 GeV for the energy of the center of mass. Also we estimate that the number of events for the process $t\\rightarrow c l^+l^-$ in different scenarios is of order of $2500$.
Rare top decay and CP violation in THDM
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gaitan, R.; Montes de Oca, J.H. [Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Departamento de Fisica, FES-Cuautitlan, Cuautitlan Izcalli, Estado de Mexico (Mexico); Martinez, R. [Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Departamento de Fisica, Bogota D.C. (Colombia); Rodriguez Romo, S. [Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Departamento de Quimica, FES-Cuautitlan, Cuautitlan Izcalli, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)
2014-03-15
We discuss the formalism of the two Higgs doublet model of type III with CP violation from CP-even CP-odd mixing in the neutral Higgs bosons. The flavor-changing interactions among neutral Higgs bosons and fermions are presented at tree level in this type of model. These assumptions allow the study of rare top decays mediated by a neutral Higgs boson; particularly we are interested in t → cl{sup +}l{sup -}. For this process we estimate the upper bounds of the branching ratios Br(t → cτ{sup +}τ{sup -}) of the order of 10{sup -9} ∝ 10{sup -7} for a neutral Higgs boson mass equal to 125 GeV and tan β =1, 1.5, 2, 2.5. For the case of t → cτ{sup +}τ{sup -} the number of possible events is estimated to range from 1 to 10 events, which could be observed in future experiments at LHC with a luminosity of 300 fb{sup -1} and 14 TeV for the energy of the center of mass. Also we estimate that the number of events for the process t → cl{sup +}l{sup -} in different scenarios is of the order of 2,500. (orig.)
CP Violation in the $B_s^0$ system
Artuso, Marina; Lenz, Alexander
2015-01-01
We review experimental and theoretical aspects of CP violation in the $B_s^0$-system. In that respect we present updates for the mixing parameters of the $B_s^0$ mesons expected in the Standard Model (SM): the mass difference $\\Delta M_s^{\\rm SM} = (18.3 \\pm 2.7)$ ps$^{-1}$, the decay rate difference $\\Delta \\Gamma_s^{\\rm SM} = (0.085 \\pm 0.015)$ ps$^{-1}$, the flavour specific CP asymmetry $a_{\\rm fs}^{s, \\rm SM} = (2.22 \\pm 0.27) \\cdot 10^{-5}$ and the equivalent quantities in the $B^0$-sector. The experimental measurements of $\\Delta M_s$ and $\\Delta \\Gamma_s$ are more precise and agree very well with theoretica predictions, which can also be viewed as a proof of theoretical tools, like the Heavy Quark Expansion (HQE). CP violating studies in the $B_s^0$ system provide essential information to test the SM expectations. Mixing quantities can be used to study model independent bounds on new physics (NP) effects, yielding the familiar picture: the standard model (SM) gives the dominant contribution, while the...
Separate T, CP, CPT Asymmetries in Neutral Meson Transitions
Bernabéu, José
2017-07-01
Symmetries, and Symmetry Breakings, in the Laws of Physics play a crucial role in Fundamental Science. Parity and Charge Conjugation Violations prompted the consideration of Chiral Fields in the construction of the Standard Model, whereas CP-Violation needed at least three families of Quarks leading to Flavour Physics. In this Lecture I will discuss the Conceptual Basis and the present experimental results for a Direct Evidence of Separate Reversal-in-Time T, CP and CPT Genuine Asymmetries in Decaying Particles like Neutral Meson Transitions, using Quantum Entanglement and the Decay as a Filtering Measurement. The eight transitions associated to the Flavour-CP eigenstate decay products of entangled neutral mesons have demonstrated with impressive significance a separate evidence of TRV and CPV in Bd-physics, whereas a CPTV asymmetry shows a 2-σ effect interpreted as an upper limit. Novel CPTV observables are discussed for K and Bd transitions. Their observation would lead to a change of paradigm beyond Quantum Field Theory, however there is nothing in Quantum Mechanics forbidding CPTV. A clean methodology to disentangle CPTV effects in the Hamiltonian dynamics and the ω-effect weakening Entanglement in a given experiment is discussed.
CP breaking in $S(3)$ flavoured Higgs model
Barradas-Guevara, E; Rodríguez-Jáuregui, E
2015-01-01
We analyze the Higgs sector of the minimal $S(3)$-invariant extension of the Standard Model including CP violation arising from the spontaneous breaking of the electroweak symmetry. This extended Higgs sector includes three $SU(2)$ doublets Higgs fields with complex vev's provide an interesting scenario to analyze the Higgs masses spectrum, trilinear self-couplings and CP violation. We present how the spontaneous electroweak symmetry breaking coming from three $S(3)$ Higgs fields gives an interesting scenario with nine physical Higgs and three Goldstone bosons when spontaneous CP violation arises from the Higgs field $S(3)$ singlet $H_S$. Furthermore, numerical analysis of the Higgs masses and trilinear self-couplings is presented, particularly we find a physical solution for the scenario in which spontaneous CPB is provided by the single field $H_S$. The scalar Higgs $H_4^0$ is identified whose mass is 125 GeV and $\\lambda_{H_{4}^0 H_{4}^0 H_{4}^0} \\sim \\lambda_{h^0 h^0 h^0}^{SM}$ in good agreement with the ...
Implications of CP violating 2HDM in B physics
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Joshipura, Anjan S; Kodrani, Bhavik P, E-mail: anjan@prl.res.in, E-mail: bhavik@prl.res.in [Physical Research Laboratory, Navarangpura, Ahmedabad 380009 (India)
2010-11-01
The charged fermion mass matrices are invariant under U(1){sup 3} symmetry linked to the fermion number transformation. Under the condition that the definition of this symmetry in arbitrary weak basis does not depend upon Higgs parameters such as ratio of vacuum expectation values, a class of two Higgs doublet models (2HDM) can be identified in which tree level flavor changing neutral currents normally present in 2HDM are absent. However unlike the type I or type II Higgs doublet models, the charged Higgs couplings in these models contain additional flavor dependent CP violating phases. These phases can account for the recent hints of the beyond standard model CP violation in the B{sub d} and B{sub s} mixing. In particular, there is a range of parameters in which new phases do not contribute to the K meson CP violation but give identical new physics phases in the B{sub d} and B{sub s} meson mixing.
Observation Of Cp Violation In The Neutral B Meson System
Levy, S L
2003-01-01
This dissertation presents a measurement of time- dependent CP -violating asymmetries in neutral B meson decays collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-11 asymmetric-energy B Factory at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. The data sample consists of about 88 million ϒ(4S) → BB¯ decays collected between 1999 and 2002. We study events in which one neutral B meson decay to the CP-eigenstates J/yK0S,y2S K0S,cc1K0 S , and hcK0S , or to flavor-eigenstates involving D(*)π/ρ/ a1 and J/y K*0(K*0 → K+ π−), is fully reconstructed. The flavor of the other neutral B meson is tagged at the time of its decay, mainly using the charge of identified leptons and kaons. The proper time elapsed between the meson decays is determined by measuring the distance between the decay vertices. The amplitude of the CP-violating asymmetry, which in the Standard Model is proportional to sin2β, is determined from a simultaneous maximum-likelihood f...
Sonuga-Barke, E.; Oades, R.D.; Psychogiou, L.; Chen, W.; Franke, B.; Buitelaar, J.K.; Banaschewski, T.; Ebstein, R.P.; Gil, M.; Anney, R.; Miranda, A.; Roeyers, H.; Rothenberger, A.; Sergeant, J.A.; Steinhausen, H.C.; Thompson, M.; Asherson, P.; Faraone, S.V.
2009-01-01
BACKGROUND: Mothers' positive emotions expressed about their children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are associated with a reduced likelihood of comorbid conduct problems (CP). We examined whether this association with CP, and one with emotional problems (EMO), is moderated by
Sonuga-Barke, Edmund J. S.; Oades, Robert D.; Psychogiou, Lamprini; Chen, Wai; Franke, Barbara; Buitelaar, Jan; Banaschewski, Tobias; Ebstein, Richard P.; Gil, Michael; Anney, Richard; Miranda, Ana; Roeyers, Herbert; Rothenberger, Aribert; Sergeant, Joseph; Steinhausen, Hans Christoph; Thompson, Margaret; Asherson, Philip; Faraone, Stephen V.
2009-01-01
Background: Mothers' positive emotions expressed about their children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are associated with a reduced likelihood of comorbid conduct problems (CP). We examined whether this association with CP, and one with emotional problems (EMO), is moderated by variants within three genes, previously reported…
Measurement of the Time-Dependent CP Asymmetry in B0 --> D(*)0_CP h0 Decays
Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Garra Tico, J; Graugès-Pous, E; López, L; Palano, A; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lopes-Pegna, D; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, M T; Tackmann, K; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo-Sánchez, P; Hawkes, C M; Watson, A T; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Schröder, T; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Burke, J P; Cottingham, W N; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Bruinsma, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M A; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Shen, B C; Zhang, L; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Winstrom, L O; Chen, E; Cheng, C H; Dvoretskii, A; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Chen, A; Eckhart, E A; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Zeng, Q; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Brandt, T; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Santoro, V; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Meyer, N T; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gritsan, A V; Lae, C K; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Bequilleux, J; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F R; Lutz, A M; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; George, K A; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Fisher, P H; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Kim, H; Mclachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Ter-Antonian, R; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gagliardi, N; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Ben-Haim, E; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; De La Vaissière, C; Hamon, O; Hartfiel, B L; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Pérez, A; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Haire, M; Biesiada, J; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Baracchini, E; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; D'Orazio, A; Del Re, D; Di, E; Marco; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Castelli, G; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Ricciardi, S; Röthel, W; Wilson, F F; Aleksan, R; Emery, S; Escalier, M; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Legendre, M; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Chen, X R; Liu, H; Park, W; Purohit, M V; Wilson, J R; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Bechtle, P; Berger, N; Claus, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Halyo, V; Hast, C; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ozcan, V E; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Pulliam, T; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Thompson, J M; Vavra, J; Van Bakel, N; Wagner, A P; Weaver, M; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Yi, K; Young, C C; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Petersen, B A; Wilden, L; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Bula, R; Ernst, J A; Jain, V; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Wappler, F R; Zain, S B; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Ruland, A M; Schilling, C J; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Pelliccioni, M; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Lopez-March, N; Martínez-Vidal, F; Milanes, D A; Oyanguren, A; Albert, J; Banerjee, Sw; Bhuyan, B; Hamano, K; Kowalewski, R V; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Back, J J; Harrison, P F; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Pappagallo, M; Band, H R; Chen, X; Dasu, S; Flood, K T; Hollar, J J; Kutter, P E; Pan, Y; Pierini, M; Prepost, R; Wu, S L; Yu, Z; Neal, H; al, et
2007-01-01
We report a measurement of the time-dependent CP-asymmetry parameters $\\cal S$ and $\\cal C$ in color-suppressed $B^0 \\to D^{(*)0} h^0$ decays, where $h^0$ is a $\\pi^0$, $\\eta$, or $\\omega$ meson, and the $D^0$ decays to one of the CP eigenstates $K^+K^-$, $K_S\\pi^0$, or $K_S\\omega$. The data sample consists of $383\\times 10^{6}$ $\\Upsilon(4S)\\to B\\bar{B}$ decays collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy $B$-factory at SLAC. The results are ${\\cal S}= -0.56 \\pm 0.23 \\pm 0.05$ and ${\\cal C}= -0.23\\pm 0.16\\pm 0.04$, where the first error is statistical and the second is systematic.
Measurement of the Time-Dependent CP Asymmetry in B;{0}-->D_{CP};{(*)}h;{0} Decays.
Aubert, B; Bona, M; Boutigny, D; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Garra Tico, J; Grauges, E; Lopez, L; Palano, A; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lopes Pegna, D; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, M T; Tackmann, K; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo Sanchez, P; Hawkes, C M; Watson, A T; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Schroeder, T; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Burke, J P; Cottingham, W N; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Cuhadar-Donszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Bruinsma, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Shen, B C; Zhang, L; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Winstrom, L O; Chen, E; Cheng, C H; Dvoretskii, A; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Chen, A; Eckhart, E A; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Zeng, Q; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Brandt, T; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Thiebaux, Ch; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Santoro, V; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Panduro Vazquez, W; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Meyer, N T; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gritsan, A V; Lae, C K; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Béquilleux, J; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F; Lutz, A M; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; George, K A; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flaecher, H U; Hopkins, D A; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Fisher, P H; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Kim, H; McLachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, G; Fabozzi, F; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Losecco, J M; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Ter-Antonyan, R; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gagliardi, N; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Ben-Haim, E; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; de la Vaissière, Ch; Hamon, O; Hartfiel, B L; Leruste, Ph; Malclès, J; Ocariz, J; Perez, A; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Haire, M; Biesiada, J; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lu, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Baracchini, E; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; D'Orazio, A; Del Re, D; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Castelli, G; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Ricciardi, S; Roethel, W; Wilson, F F; Aleksan, R; Emery, S; Escalier, M; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Legendre, M; Vasseur, G; Yèche, Ch; Zito, M; Chen, X R; Liu, H; Park, W; Purohit, M V; Wilson, J R; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Bechtle, P; Berger, N; Claus, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Halyo, V; Hast, C; Hryn'ova, T; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Luitz, S; Luth, V; Lynch, H L; Macfarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Muller, D R; O'grady, C P; Ozcan, V E; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Pulliam, T; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S; Thompson, J M; Va'vra, J; van Bakel, N; Wagner, A P; Weaver, M; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Yi, K; Young, C C; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Petersen, B A; Wilden, L; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Bula, R; Ernst, J A; Jain, V; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Wappler, F R; Zain, S B; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Ruland, A M; Schilling, C J; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Pelliccioni, M; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Lopez-March, N; Martinez-Vidal, F; Milanes, D A; Oyanguren, A; Albert, J; Banerjee, Sw; Bhuyan, B; Hamano, K; Kowalewski, R; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Back, J J; Harrison, P F; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Pappagallo, M; Band, H R; Chen, X; Dasu, S; Flood, K T; Hollar, J J; Kutter, P E; Pan, Y; Pierini, M; Prepost, R; Wu, S L; Yu, Z; Neal, H
2007-08-24
We report a measurement of the time-dependent CP-asymmetry parameters S and C in color-suppressed B{0}-->D{(*)0}h{0} decays, where h{0} is a pi{0}, eta, or omega meson, and the decays to one of the CP eigenstates K+K-, K{S}{0}pi{0}, or K{S}{0}omega. The data sample consists of 383 x 10{6} Upsilon(4S)-->BB decays collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B factory at SLAC. The results are S=-0.56+/-0.23+/-0.05 and C=-0.23+/-0.16+/-0.04, where the first error is statistical and the second is systematic.
Measurement of the Time-dependent CP Asymmetry inB to D(*)_CP h0 Decays
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Aubert, B.
2007-03-14
The authors report a measurement of the time-dependent CP-asymmetry parameters S and C in color-suppressed B{sup 0} {yields} D{sup (*)0}h{sup 0} decays, where h{sup 0} is a {pi}{sup 0}, {eta}, or {omega} meson, and the D{sup 0} decays to one of the CP eigenstates K{sup +}K{sup -}, K{sub S}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}, or K{sub S}{sup 0}{omega}. The data sample consists of 383 x 10{sup 6} {Upsilon}(4S) {yields} B{bar B} decays collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B-factory at SLAC. The results are S = -0.56 {+-} 0.23 {+-} 0.05 and C = -0.23 {+-} 0.16 {+-} 0.04, where the first error is statistical and the second is systematic.
Supersymmetric CP-violating currents and electroweak baryogenesis
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Carena, M.; Moreno, J.M.; Quiros, M. E-mail: mariano@makoki.iem.csic.es; Seco, M.; Wagner, C.E.M
2001-04-02
In this work we compute the CP-violating currents of the right-handed stops and higgsinos, induced by the presence of non-trivial vacuum expectation values of the Higgs fields within the context of the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM) with explicit CP-violating phases. Using the Keldysh formalism, we perform the computation of the currents at finite temperature, in an expansion of derivatives of the Higgs fields. Contrary to previous works, we implement a resummation of the Higgs mass insertion effects to all orders in perturbation theory. While the components of the right-handed stop current j{sup {mu}}{sub t-tilde{sub R}} become proportional to the difference H{sub 2}{partial_derivative}{sup {mu}}H{sub 1}-H{sub 1}{partial_derivative}{sup {mu}}H{sub 2} (suppressed by {delta}{beta}), the higgsino currents, j{sup {mu}}{sub H-tilde{sub i}}, present contributions proportional to both H{sub 2}{partial_derivative}{sup {mu}}H{sub 1}{+-}H{sub 1}{partial_derivative}{sup {mu}}H{sub 2}. For large values of the charged Higgs mass and moderate values of tan{beta} the contribution to the source proportional to H{sub 2}{partial_derivative}{sup {mu}}H{sub 1}+H{sub 1}{partial_derivative}{sup {mu}}H{sub 2} in the diffusion equations become sizeable, although it is suppressed by the higgsino number violating interaction rate {gamma}{sub {mu}}{sup -1/2}. For small values of the wall velocity, 0.04< or approx. v{sub {omega}} < or approx. 0.1, the total contribution leads to acceptable values of the baryon asymmetry for values of the CP-violating phases phi (cursive,open) Greek{sub CP} in the range 0.04 < or approx. vertical bar sin{phi}{sub CP} vertical bar < or approx. 1. Finally, we comment on the relevance of the latest results of Higgs searches at LEP2 for the mechanism of electroweak baryogenesis within the MSSM.
Report of the Working Group on CP Violation and Rare Decays
Cronin, J. W.; Deshpande, N. G.; Kane, G. L.; Luth, V. C.; Odian, A. C.; Machacek, M. E.; Paige, F.; Schmidt, M. P.; Slaughter, J.; Trilling, G. H.
1984-10-01
It has been pointed out that, with its high energy and luminosity, the SSC may provide the best or only way in which CP violation in heavy meson decays or the rare decay modes of such mesons can be observed. The major problem in the exploitation of the high rates of heavy quark production is the identification of interesting decays in the midst of a large background of more conventional processes. There have been some optimistic reports on the feasibility of such experiments, but relatively little quantitative backup has been provided. In the present report, we concentrate exclusively on B-meson decays. As is the case for K mesons, but not for charm or top decays, the favored modes are suppressed by the smallness of Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa angles, and therefore rare modes are relatively more frequent and potentially easier to observe.
Drewes, Marco; Gueter, Dario; Klaric, Juraj
2016-01-01
We discuss the connection between observable CP violation in the lepton sector, the properties of heavy neutrinos and the baryon asymmetry of the universe in the minimal seesaw model. A measurement of the Dirac phase $\\delta$ would allow to make testable predictions for the couplings of the heavy neutrinos to individual Standard Model lepton flavours. If any heavy neutral leptons are experimentally discovered in the future, this provides a powerful test for the mechanism of neutrino mass generation and baryogenesis.
The CP-odd nucleon interaction and the value of T-violation in nuclei
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gudkov, V.P.
1997-06-01
The relations between the value of T- and P-violating correlations in neutron scattering and different models of CP violation are discussed. It is shown that a specific structure of CP-odd nucleon interactions gives the possibility to obtain the essential information about CP-odd interaction at the quark-gluon level from nuclear experimental data. The up-to-date estimations for CP-violating nucleon coupling constants show that each class of CP-violating models can give a measurable effect for the neutron scattering experiments. 57 refs.
Soft CP violation and the global matter-antimatter symmetry of the universe
Senjanovic, G.; Stecker, F. W.
1980-01-01
Scenarios for baryon production are considered within the context of SU(5) and SO(10) grand unified theories where CP violation arises spontaneously. The spontaneous CP symmetry breaking then results in a matter-antimatter domain structure in the universe. Two possible, distinct types of theories of soft CP violation are defined. In the first type the CP nonconservation originates only from the breaking of SU(2) sub L X U(1) symmetry, and in the second type, even at the unification temperature scale, CP violation can emerge as a result of symmetry breaking by the vacuum expectation values of the superheavy Higgs sector scalars.
Looking from the East at an Elephant Trotting West Direct CP Violation in $B^0$ Decays
Bigi, Ikaros I
2002-01-01
With the time dependant CP asymmetry in $B_d(t) \\to \\psi K_S$ well measured, the most powerful method to search for {\\em direct} CP violation in $B_d$ decays is to analyze whether the CP asymmetry of other transitions like $B_d(t) \\to \\pi ^+ \\pi ^-, \\eta ^{\\prime}K_S$ etc. can be described by a $sin$ term taken from $B_d(t) \\to \\psi K_S$ and without a $cos$ term. The failure of such a constrained fit would establish direct CP violation (even if no CP asymmetry were observed in these other modes).
Probing SUSY CP Violation in Two-Body Stop Decays at the LHC
Deppisch, Frank
2009-01-01
We study CP asymmetries in two-body decays of top squarks into neutralinos and sleptons at the LHC. These asymmetries are used to probe the CP phases possibly present in the stop and neutralino sector of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. Taking into account bounds from experimental electric dipole moment searches, we identify areas in the mSUGRA parameter space where CP asymmetries can be sizeable and discuss the feasibility of their observation at the LHC. As a result, potentially detectable CP asymmetries in stop decays at the LHC are found, motivating further detailed experimental studies for probing SUSY CP phases.
Probing SUSY CP violation in two-body stop decays at the LHC
Deppisch, Frank F.; Kittel, Olaf
2009-09-01
We study CP asymmetries in two-body decays of top squarks into neutralinos and sleptons at the LHC. These asymmetries are used to probe the CP phases possibly present in the stop and neutralino sector of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. Taking into account bounds from experimental electric dipole moment searches, we identify areas in the mSUGRA parameter space where CP asymmetries can be sizeable and discuss the feasibility of their observation at the LHC. As a result, potentially detectable CP asymmetries in stop decays at the LHC are found, motivating further detailed experimental studies for probing SUSY CP phases.
Fleischer, Robert; Fleischer, Robert; Dunietz, Isard
1997-01-01
We investigate the time-evolutions of angular distributions for B_s decays into final states that are admixtures of CP-even and CP-odd configurations. A sizable lifetime difference between the B_s mass eigenstates allows a probe of CP violation in time-dependent untagged angular distributions. Interference effects between different final state configurations of B_s\\to D^{*+}_s D^{*-}_s, J/\\psi \\phi determine the Wolfenstein parameter \\eta from untagged data samples, or -- if one uses |V_{ub}|/|V_{cb}| as an additional input -- the notoriously difficult to measure CKM angle \\gamma. Another determination of \\gamma is possible by using isospin symmetry of strong interactions to relate untagged data samples of B_s\\to K^{\\ast+} K^{\\ast-} and B_s\\to K^{\\ast0} \\overline{K^{\\ast0}}. We note that the untagged angular distribution for B_s\\to\\rho^0 \\phi provides interesting information about electroweak penguins.
Malberg, J.; Lupton, E.; Schnöckelborg, E.M.; de Bruin, B.; de Sutter, J.; Meyer, K.; Hartl, F.; Wolf, R.
2013-01-01
The dissymmetrical naphthalene-bridged complexes [Cp'Fe(mu-C10H8)FeCp*] (3; Cp* = eta(5)-C5Me5, Cp' = eta(5)-C5H2-1,2,4-tBu(3)) and [Cp'Fe(mu-C10H8)RuCp*] (4) were synthesized via a one-pot procedure from FeCl2(thf)(1.5), Cp'K, KC10H8, and [Cp*FeCl(tmeda)] (tmeda =
Effect of amino groups of mesoporous silica nanoparticles on CpG oligodexynucleotide delivery
Xu, Yi; Claiden, Peter; Zhu, Yufang; Morita, Hiromi; Hanagata, Nobutaka
2015-08-01
In this study, we proposed to modify mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (NH2-TES), aminoethylaminopropyltriethoxysilane (2NH2-TES) and 3-[2-(2-aminoethylamino)ethylamino] propyl-trimethoxysilane (3NH2-TES) for binding of cytosine-phosphate-guanosine oligodexynucleotides (CpG ODN), and investigated the effect of different amino groups of MSNs on the CpG ODN delivery. Serum stability, in vitro cytotoxicity, and cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) induction by MSN-NH2/CpG, MSN-2NH2/CpG and MSN-3NH2/CpG complexes were investigated in detail. The results showed that three kinds of aminated-MSN-based CpG ODN delivery systems had no cytotoxicity to RAW264.7 cells, and binding of CpG ODN to MSN-NH2, MSN-2NH2 and MSN-3NH2 nanoparticles enhanced the serum stability of CpG ODN due to protection by the nanoparticles. However, three aminated MSN-based CpG ODN delivery systems exhibited different CpG ODN delivery efficiency, and MSN-NH2/CpG complexes had the highest ability to induce IL-6 secretion.
CpG traffic lights are markers of regulatory regions in humans
Khamis, Abdullah M.
2016-12-29
DNA methylation is involved in regulation of gene expression. Although modern methods profile DNA methylation at single CpG sites, methylation levels are usually averaged over genomic regions in the downstream analyses. In this study we demonstrate that single CpG methylation can serve as a more accurate predictor of gene expression compared to average promoter / gene body methylation. CpG positions with significant correlation between methylation and expression of a gene nearby (named CpG traffic lights) are evolutionary conserved and enriched for exact TSS positions and active enhancers. Among all promoter types, CpG traffic lights are especially enriched in poised promoters. Genes that harbor CpG traffic lights are associated with development and signal transduction. Methylation levels of individual CpG traffic lights vary between cell types dramatically with the increased frequency of intermediate methylation levels, indicating cell population heterogeneity in CpG methylation levels. Being in line with the concept of the inherited stochastic epigenetic variation, methylation of such CpG positions might contribute to transcriptional regulation. Alternatively, one can hypothesize that traffic lights are markers of absent gene expression resulting from inactivation of their regulatory elements. The CpG traffic lights provide a promising insight into mechanisms of enhancer activity and gene regulation linking methylation of single CpG to expression.
Influenza A induces dysfunctional immunity and death in MeCP2-overexpressing mice
Cronk, James C.; Herz, Jasmin; Kim, Taeg S.; Louveau, Antoine; Moser, Emily K.; Smirnov, Igor; Tung, Kenneth S.; Braciale, Thomas J.
2017-01-01
Loss of function or overexpression of methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2) results in the severe neurodevelopmental disorders Rett syndrome and MeCP2 duplication syndrome, respectively. MeCP2 plays a critical role in neuronal function and the function of cells throughout the body. It has been previously demonstrated that MeCP2 regulates T cell function and macrophage response to multiple stimuli, and that immune-mediated rescue imparts significant benefit in Mecp2-null mice. Unlike Rett syndrome, MeCP2 duplication syndrome results in chronic, severe respiratory infections, which represent a significant cause of patient morbidity and mortality. Here, we demonstrate that MeCP2Tg3 mice, which overexpress MeCP2 at levels 3- to 5-fold higher than normal, are hypersensitive to influenza A/PR/8/34 infection. Prior to death, MeCP2Tg3 mice experienced a host of complications during infection, including neutrophilia, increased cytokine production, excessive corticosterone levels, defective adaptive immunity, and vascular pathology characterized by impaired perfusion and pulmonary hemorrhage. Importantly, we found that radioresistant cells are essential to infection-related death after bone marrow transplantation. In all, these results demonstrate that influenza A infection in MeCP2Tg3 mice results in pathology affecting both immune and nonhematopoietic cells, suggesting that failure to effectively respond and clear viral respiratory infection has a complex, multicompartment etiology in the context of MeCP2 overexpression. PMID:28138553
Casolaro, V; Keane-Myers, A M; Swendeman, S L; Steindler, C; Zhong, F; Sheffery, M; Georas, S N; Ono, S J
2000-11-24
Expression of cytokine genes in T cells is thought to result from a complex network of antigen- and mitogen-activated transcriptional regulators. CP2, a factor homologous to Drosophila Elf-1 and previously found to be a critical regulator of several viral and cellular genes in response to developmental signals, is rapidly activated in T helper (Th) cells in response to mitogenic stimulation. Here we show that overexpression of CP2 enhances interleukin (IL)-4 promoter-driven chloramphenicol acetyltransferase expression, while repressing IL-2 promoter activity, in transiently transfected Jurkat cells. A CP2-protected element, partially overlapping the nuclear factor of activated T cell-binding P2 sequence, was required for IL-4 promoter activation in CP2-overexpressing Jurkat cells. This CP2-response element is the site of a cooperative interaction between CP2 and an inducible heteromeric co-factor(s). Mutation of conserved nucleotide contacts within the CP2-response element prevented CP2 binding and significantly reduced constitutive and induced IL-4 promoter activity. Expression of a CP2 mutant lacking the Elf-1-homology region of the DNA-binding domain inhibited IL-4 promoter activity in a dominant negative fashion in transiently transfected Jurkat cells. Moreover, overexpressed CP2 markedly enhanced, while its dominant negative mutant consistently suppressed, expression of the endogenous IL-4 gene in the murine Th2 cell line D10. Taken together, these findings point to CP2 as a critical IL-4 transactivator in Th cells.
Human apolipoprotein B transgenic SHR/NDmcr-cp rats show exacerbated kidney dysfunction
ASAHINA, Makoto; SHIMIZU, Fumi; OHTA, Masayuki; TAKEYAMA, Michiyasu; TOZAWA, Ryuichi
2015-01-01
Nephropathy frequently co-occurs with metabolic syndrome in humans. Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of metabolic diseases including obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia, and some previous studies revealed that dyslipidemia contributes to the progression of kidney dysfunction. To establish a new nephropathy model with metabolic syndrome, we produced human apolipoprotein B (apoB) transgenic (Tg.) SHR/NDmcr-cp (SHR-cp/cp) rats, in which dyslipidemia is exacerbated more than in an established metabolic syndrome model, SHR-cp/cp rats. Human apoB Tg. SHR-cp/cp rats showed obesity, hyperinsulinemia, hypertension, and severe hyperlipidemia. They also exhibited exacerbated early-onset proteinuria, accompanied by increased kidney injury and increased oxidative and inflammatory markers. Histological analyses revealed the characteristic features of human apoB Tg. SHR-cp/cp rats including prominent glomerulosclerosis with lipid accumulation. Our newly established human apoB Tg. SHR-cp/cp rat could be a useful model for the nephropathy in metabolic syndrome and for understanding the interaction between dyslipidemia and renal dysfunction in metabolic syndrome. PMID:25912321
Dreiner, Herbi K; von der Pahlen, Federico
2008-01-01
In the CP-violating Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, we study the pair production of neutralinos at center-of-mass energies around the heavy neutral Higgs boson resonances. For longitudinally polarized muon beams, we analyze CP asymmetries which are sensitive to the interference of the two heavy neutral Higgs bosons. Due to radiatively induced scalar-pseudoscalar transitions, the CP asymmetries can be strongly enhanced when the resonances are nearly degenerate, as in the Higgs decoupling limit. The Higgs couplings to the neutralino sector can then be analyzed in the presence of CP violating phases. We present a detailed numerical analysis of the cross sections, neutralino branching ratios, and the CP observables. We find that radiatively induced CP violation in the Higgs sector leads to sizable CP-asymmetries, which are accessible in future measurements at a muon collider. However, we expect that our proposed method should be applicable to other processes with nearly degenerate scalar resonances, even a...
Dreiner, Herbi K.; Kittel, Olaf; von der Pahlen, Federico
2008-01-01
In the CP-violating Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, we study the pair production of neutralinos at center-of-mass energies around the heavy neutral Higgs boson resonances. For longitudinally polarized muon beams, we analyze CP asymmetries which are sensitive to the interference of the two heavy neutral Higgs bosons. Due to radiatively induced scalar-pseudoscalar transitions, the CP asymmetries can be strongly enhanced when the resonances are nearly degenerate, as in the Higgs decoupling limit. The Higgs couplings to the neutralino sector can then be analyzed in the presence of CP violating phases. We present a detailed numerical analysis of the cross sections, neutralino branching ratios, and the CP observables. We find that radiatively induced CP violation in the Higgs sector leads to sizable CP-asymmetries, which are accessible in future measurements at a muon collider. However, we expect that our proposed method should be applicable to other processes with nearly degenerate scalar resonances, even at hadron colliders.
Glass, Kerrie; Flory, Kate; Martin, Amber; Hankin, Benjamin L
2011-03-01
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common child and adolescent disorder that is associated with negative outcomes (e.g., emotional and behavioral problems, substance use) and is often comorbid with Conduct Problems (CP). Research findings are mixed as to whether youth with ADHD alone or comorbid ADHD/CP suffer from low self-esteem. Research has also shown links between low self-esteem and ADHD (alone and with CP) with substance use; yet, no research has examined the links between self-esteem and substance use in adolescents with ADHD and CP. The current study examined the relation between ADHD with and without comorbid CP and self-esteem, and whether self-esteem moderated the relation between ADHD and ADHD/CP with substance use among adolescents. We hypothesized that adolescents with comorbid ADHD/CP would experience lower self-esteem than adolescents with ADHD alone or with neither disorder and that self-esteem would moderate the association between ADHD, CP, and substance use. Participants were 62 adolescents who completed the laboratory-based study with a parent. Results suggested that adolescents with comorbid ADHD and CP had significantly lower self-esteem than adolescents with ADHD alone or neither disorder. Self-esteem was not significantly different for adolescents with ADHD alone versus those in the control group. There was one marginally significant interaction between ADHD and self-esteem predicting substance use, such that individuals with comorbid ADHD/CP who also had low self-esteem tended to use more substances. Results have implications for treatments that target adolescents with ADHD and comorbid CP, as these adolescents are at risk for many deleterious outcomes.
Hybrid constraint programming and metaheuristic methods for large scale optimization problems
2011-01-01
This work presents hybrid Constraint Programming (CP) and metaheuristic methods for the solution of Large Scale Optimization Problems; it aims at integrating concepts and mechanisms from the metaheuristic methods to a CP-based tree search environment in order to exploit the advantages of both approaches. The modeling and solution of large scale combinatorial optimization problem is a topic which has arisen the interest of many researcherers in the Operations Research field; combinatori...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Minasian, Stefan; Krinsky Ph.D., Jamin; Williams, Valerie; Arnold Ph.D., John
2008-07-23
The discovery of molecular metal-metal bonds has been of fundamental importance to the understanding of chemical bonding. For the actinides, examples of unsupported metal-metal bonds are relatively uncommon, consisting of Cp{sub 3}U-SnPh{sub 3}, and several actinide-transition metal complexes. Traditionally, bonding in the f-elements has been described as electrostatic; however, elucidating the degree of covalency is a subject of recent research. In carbon monoxide complexes of the trivalent uranium metallocenes, decreased {nu}{sub CO} values relative to free CO suggest that the U(III) atom acts as a {pi}-donor. Ephritikhine and coworkers have demonstrated that {pi}-accepting ligands can differentiate trivalent lanthanide and actinide ions, an effect that renders this chemistry of interest in the context of nuclear waste separation technology.
Vascular wall function in insulin-resistant JCR:LA-cp rats: role of male and female sex.
O'Brien, S F; Russell, J C; Dolphin, P J; Davidge, S T
2000-08-01
Vascular wall function was assessed in obese insulin-resistant (cp/cp) and lean normal (+/?), male and female, JCR:LA-cp rats. Both male and female cp/cp rats showed enhanced maximum contractility in response to norepinephrine; impaired smooth muscle in response to sodium nitroprusside, a nitric oxide (NO) donor; and impaired relaxation in response to acetylcholine (ACh), compared with their lean counterparts. The abnormalities were similar in male and female cp/cp rats. The NO synthase inhibitor, Nomega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), inhibited ACh-mediated relaxation significantly in male rats, both cp/cp and +/?. The inhibition of ACh-mediated relaxation by L-NAME in +/? females was less, with no reduction in maximal relaxation, and was absent in cp/cp females. These effects suggest that the relative importance of NO in the endothelial modulation of smooth muscle contractility is greater in male rats. The results are consistent with a decreased role for endothelial NO in the cp/cp rats of both sexes and a reduction in NO-independent cholinergic relaxation in the male cp/cp rat. This NO-independent mechanism is not affected in the female cp/cp rats. The relatively small differences between males and females in smooth muscle cell and vascular function may contribute to sex-related differences in the atherogenesis, vasospasm, and ischemic damage associated with the obese insulin-resistant state.
Structure-dependent immunostimulatory effect of CpG oligodeoxynucleotides and their delivery system
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hanagata N
2012-04-01
Full Text Available Nobutaka HanagataNanotechnology Innovation Station, National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, and Graduate School of Life Science, Hokkaido University, Kita-ku, Sapporo, JapanAbstract: Unmethylated cytosine-phosphate-guanosine (CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs are recognized by Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9 found in antigen-presenting cells and B cells and can activate the immune system. Using CpG ODNs as an adjuvant has been found to be effective for treating infectious diseases, cancers, and allergies. Because natural ODNs with only a phosphodiester backbone are easily degraded by nuclease (deoxyribonuclease [DNase] in serum, CpG ODNs with a phosphorothioate backbone have been studied for clinical application. CpG ODNs with a phosphorothioate backbone have raised concern regarding undesirable side effects; however, several CpG ODNs with only a phosphodiester backbone have been reported to be stable in serum and to show an immunostimulatory effect. In recent years, research has been conducted on delivery systems for CpG ODNs using nanoparticles (NPs. The advantages of NP-based delivery of CpG ODN include (1 it can protect CpG ODN from DNase, (2 it can retain CpG ODN inside the body for a long period of time, (3 it can improve the cellular uptake efficiency of CpG ODN, and (4 it can deliver CpG ODN to the target tissues. Because the target cells of CpG ODN are cells of the immune system and TLR9, the receptor of CpG ODN is localized in endolysosomes, CpG ODN delivery systems are required to have qualities different from other nucleic acid drugs such as antisense DNA and small interfering RNA. Studies until now have reported various NPs as carriers for CpG ODN delivery. This review presents DNase-resistant CpG ODNs with various structures and their immunostimulatory effects and also focuses on delivery systems of CpG ODNs that utilize NPs. Because CpG ODNs interact with TLR9 and activate both the innate and the adaptive immune
Astrocyte-specific regulation of hMeCP2 expression in Drosophila
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
David L. Hess-Homeier
2014-10-01
Full Text Available Alterations in the expression of Methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2 either by mutations or gene duplication leads to a wide spectrum of neurodevelopmental disorders including Rett Syndrome and MeCP2 duplication disorder. Common features of Rett Syndrome (RTT, MeCP2 duplication disorder, and neuropsychiatric disorders indicate that even moderate changes in MeCP2 protein levels result in functional and structural cell abnormalities. In this study, we investigated two areas of MeCP2 pathophysiology using Drosophila as a model system: the effects of MeCP2 glial gain-of-function activity on circuits controlling sleep behavior, and the cell-type specific regulation of MeCP2 expression. In this study, we first examined the effects of elevated MeCP2 levels on microcircuits by expressing human MeCP2 (hMeCP2 in astrocytes and distinct subsets of amine neurons including dopamine and octopamine (OA neurons. Depending on the cell-type, hMeCP2 expression reduced sleep levels, altered daytime/nighttime sleep patterns, and generated sleep maintenance deficits. Second, we identified a 498 base pair region of the MeCP2e2 isoform that is targeted for regulation in distinct subsets of astrocytes. Levels of the full-length hMeCP2e2 and mutant RTT R106W protein decreased in astrocytes in a temporally and spatially regulated manner. In contrast, expression of the deletion Δ166 hMeCP2 protein was not altered in the entire astrocyte population. qPCR experiments revealed a reduction in full-length hMeCP2e2 transcript levels suggesting transgenic hMeCP2 expression is regulated at the transcriptional level. Given the phenotypic complexities that are caused by alterations in MeCP2 levels, our results provide insight into distinct cellular mechanisms that control MeCP2 expression and link microcircuit abnormalities with defined behavioral deficits.
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Quark mass dependence of two-flavor QCD
Creutz, Michael
2011-01-01
I explore the rich phase diagram of two-flavor QCD as a function of the quark masses. The theory involves three parameters, including one that is CP violating. As the masses vary, regions of both first- and second-order transitions are expected. For nondegenerate quarks, nonperturbative effects cease to be universal, leaving individual quark mass ratios with a renormalization scheme dependence. This raises complications in matching lattice results with perturbative schemes and demonstrates the tautology of attacking the strong CP problem via a vanishing up-quark mass.
Quark masses in two-flavor QCD
Creutz, Michael
2011-01-01
Considered as a function of the quark mases, two-flavor QCD depends on three parameters, including one that is CP violating. As the masses vary to unphysical values, regions of both first- and second-order phase transitions are expected. For non-degenerate quarks, non-perturbative effects leave individual quark mass ratios with a renormalization scheme dependence. This complicates matching lattice results with perturbative schemes and clarifies the tautology with attacking the strong CP problem via a vanishing up quark mass.
Quark mass dependence of two-flavor QCD
Creutz, Michael
2010-01-01
I explore the rich phase diagram of two-flavor QCD as a function of the quark masses. The theory involves three parameters, including one that is CP violating. As the masses vary, regions of both first and second order transitions are expected. For non-degenerate quarks, non-perturbative effects cease to be universal, leaving individual quark mass ratios with a renormalization scheme dependence. This raises complications in matching lattice results with perturbative schemes and demonstrates the tautology of attacking the strong CP problem via a vanishing up quark mass.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Muhammad Aslam Noor
2004-01-01
Full Text Available We consider a new class of equilibrium problems, known as hemiequilibrium problems. Using the auxiliary principle technique, we suggest and analyze a class of iterative algorithms for solving hemiequilibrium problems, the convergence of which requires either pseudomonotonicity or partially relaxed strong monotonicity. As a special case, we obtain a new method for hemivariational inequalities. Since hemiequilibrium problems include hemivariational inequalities and equilibrium problems as special cases, the results proved in this paper still hold for these problems.