WorldWideScience

Sample records for countryside conservation

  1. Contrasting effects of visiting urban green-space and the countryside on biodiversity knowledge and conservation support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coldwell, Deborah F; Evans, Karl L

    2017-01-01

    Conservation policy frequently assumes that increasing people's exposure to green-space enhances their knowledge of the natural world and desire to protect it. Urban development is, however, considered to be driving declining connectedness to nature. Despite this the evidence base supporting the assumption that visiting green-spaces promotes biodiversity knowledge and conservation support, and the impacts of urbanization on these relationships, is surprisingly limited. Using data from door-to-door surveys of nearly 300 residents in three pairs of small and large urban areas in England we demonstrate that people who visit green-space more regularly have higher biodiversity knowledge and support for conservation (measured using scales of pro-environmental behavior). Crucially these relationships only arise when considering visits to the countryside and not the frequency of visits to urban green-space. These patterns are robust to a suite of confounding variables including nature orientated motivations for visiting green-space, socio-economic and demographic factors, garden-use and engagement with natural history programs. Despite this the correlations that we uncover cannot unambiguously demonstrate that visiting the countryside improves biodiversity knowledge and conservation support. We consider it likely, however, that two mechanisms operate through a positive feedback loop i.e. increased visits to green-space promote an interest in and knowledge of biodiversity and support for conservation, which in turn further increase the desire to visit green-space and experience nature. The intensity of urbanization around peoples' homes, but not city size, is negatively associated with their frequency of countryside visits and biodiversity knowledge. Designing less intensely urbanized cities with good access to the countryside, combined with conservation policies that promote access to the countryside thus seems likely to maximize urban residents' biodiversity knowledge and

  2. Impacts of Changing Agri-Environmental Policy on Countryside Conservation: A Report of Focus Groups Held in Association with Skaneateles Lake Watershed, Skaneateles, NY, USA, and High Weald Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, Goudhurst, Kent, England, UK

    OpenAIRE

    Gross, David; Bills, Nelson L.

    2003-01-01

    Utilizing area-based agri-environmental programs, our work involves focus groups and interviews with program managers, landowners, and elected officials to assess the impact of on-farm managerial interventions on broader countryside conservation issues. Initially, two areas were compared: The Skaneateles Lake Watershed Agricultural Program (NY) and the High Weald Land Management Initiative (England). The organizing principle for this research is that the British experience with countryside ma...

  3. Improving Water Conservancy Infrastructure to Figure Out Five Challenges of "Countryside, Agriculture and Farmers"%加强农村水利基础设施建设破解“三农”五大难题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭玮

    2011-01-01

    近年来国家强农惠农政策力度不断加大,“三农”投入逐年增加,但诸如农业增产难、农民增收难、惠农政策执行难、农业资金投入难、农村安全饮水难等关键问题,仍然没有得到根本解决,严重阻碍“三农”可持续发展.完善农村水利基础设施是解决这“五大难题”的有效突破口,应加大公共财政对水利,特别是中小型水利工程的投入力度,同时创新投资模式与管理制度,加强资金监管,进一步完善农村水利基础设施投资的体制与机制.%In recent years, the benefiting-agriculture policies has been intensified, the investment of "countryside, agriculture and farmers" has been increased year by year by National Government. But the five challenges of agricultural production, farmer's income, the implementation effectiveness of benefiting-agriculture policies, agricultural funding and rural safe drinking water remain to be solved. It is a serious impediment for "countryside, agriculture and farmers" sustainable development. Improving water conservancy infrastructure is an effective solution to figure out the five challenges. We should increase investment in public finance efforts for water conservancy infrastructure, especially small and medium sized water conservancy infrastructure projects. Meanwhile, we should innovate investment model and management system, strengthen financial supervision, improving water conservancy infrastructure investment in system and mechanism respects.

  4. At Home in the Countryside

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Steenbekkers; C. Simon; V. Veldheer

    2006-01-01

    Original title: Thuis op het platteland. The Dutch countryside is changing. The decline of farming and the changing use of space are closely monitored in research and by the media. But what about the people who actually live and work in the countryside? This report focuses on the lives of people li

  5. The Shareable Countryside

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gyimóthy, Szilvia; Meged, Jane Widtfeldt

    for authentic local experiences and being citizen-consumers) (Stokes et al. 2014). However, there is a certain romanticisation about ‘village-building’ and unmediated encounters between locals and tourists, and the dispersion of sharing economy businesses is spatially uneven. The density of shared accommodation......This paper aims at substantiating and problematizing communitarian business models in a rural tourism context. It is claimed that the collaborative economy yields resilient communities, revitalizes neighbourhoods and reconfigurates the beaten track (addressing the new tourist preferences......), exemplified through global concepts like AirBnB, Dinnersharing and Vayable, but there is not one single mention of the Shareable Countryside. In order to understand the mechanisms behind the spreading and uptake of the collaborative economy, this paper will map its driving and deterring forces in a Danish...

  6. Reconciling nature conservation and traditional farming practices: a spatially explicit framework to assess the extent of High Nature Value farmlands in the European countryside.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lomba, Angela; Alves, Paulo; Jongman, Rob H G; McCracken, David I

    2015-03-01

    Agriculture constitutes a dominant land cover worldwide, and rural landscapes under extensive farming practices acknowledged due to high biodiversity levels. The High Nature Value farmland (HNVf) concept has been highlighted in the EU environmental and rural policies due to their inherent potential to help characterize and direct financial support to European landscapes where high nature and/or conservation value is dependent on the continuation of specific low-intensity farming systems. Assessing the extent of HNV farmland by necessity relies on the availability of both ecological and farming systems' data, and difficulties associated with making such assessments have been widely described across Europe. A spatially explicit framework of data collection, building out from local administrative units, has recently been suggested as a means of addressing such difficulties. This manuscript tests the relevance of the proposed approach, describes the spatially explicit framework in a case study area in northern Portugal, and discusses the potential of the approach to help better inform the implementation of conservation and rural development policies. Synthesis and applications: The potential of a novel approach (combining land use/cover, farming and environmental data) to provide more accurate and efficient mapping and monitoring of HNV farmlands is tested at the local level in northern Portugal. The approach is considered to constitute a step forward toward a more precise targeting of landscapes for agri-environment schemes, as it allowed a more accurate discrimination of areas within the case study landscape that have a higher value for nature conservation.

  7. Countryside biogeography of Neotropical reptiles and amphibians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendenhall, Chase D; Frishkoff, Luke O; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Pacheco, Jesús; Mesfun, Eyobed; Mendoza Quijano, Fernando; Ehrlich, Paul R; Ceballos, Gerardo; Daily, Gretchen C; Pringle, Robert M

    2014-04-01

    The future of biodiversity and ecosystem services depends largely on the capacity of human-dominated ecosystems to support them, yet this capacity remains largely unknown. Using the framework of countryside biogeography, and working in the Las Cruces system of Coto Brus, Costa Rica, we assessed reptile and amphibian assemblages within four habitats that typify much of the Neotropics: sun coffee plantations (12 sites), pasture (12 sites), remnant forest elements (12 sites), and a larger, contiguous protected forest (3 sites in one forest). Through analysis of 1678 captures of 67 species, we draw four primary conclusions. First, we found that the majority of reptile (60%) and amphibian (70%) species in this study used an array of habitat types, including coffee plantations and actively grazed pastures. Second, we found that coffee plantations and pastures hosted rich, albeit different and less dense, reptile and amphibian biodiversity relative to the 326-ha Las Cruces Forest Reserve and neighboring forest elements. Third, we found that the small ribbons of "countryside forest elements" weaving through farmland collectively increased the effective size of a 326-ha local forest reserve 16-fold for reptiles and 14-fold for amphibians within our 236-km2 study area. Therefore, countryside forest elements, often too small for most remote sensing techniques to identify, are contributing -95% of the available habitat for forest-dependent reptiles and amphibians in our largely human-dominated study region. Fourth, we found large and pond-reproducing amphibians to prefer human-made habitats, whereas small, stream-reproducing, and directly developing species are more dependent on forest elements. Our investigation demonstrates that tropical farming landscapes can support substantial reptile and amphibian biodiversity. Our approach provides a framework for estimating the conservation value of the complex working landscapes that constitute roughly half of the global land surface

  8. Property development in the countryside

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Esben Munk; Mouritsen, Anne Kristine Munk; Staunstrup, Jan K.

    2004-01-01

    of housing and trade, industry different from agriculture. This integrated urbanization and industrialization of rural areas is a new challenge for chartered surveyors in Denmark. The surveying profession and their capacity of advisory to the owners of holdings in the countryside play a central role...

  9. Analysis on New Paradigms of Informatization in the Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fei; XUE; Lina; WANG

    2014-01-01

    Through the analyses of several typical paradigms of informatization in the countryside,the status of informatization in the countryside and some unresolved issues were studied. A new way was proposed to develop rural information with embedded mobile phone terminal,and to explore an inexpensive and efficient information services paradigm for the future development in the countryside.

  10. Town and countryside in a Dutch perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kooij, P.

    2010-01-01

    Op 1 februari 2010 nam prof. dr. Pim Kooij afscheid als hoogleraar van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. Voor deze gelegenheid stelde hij het boek Town and countryside in a Dutch perspective samen, dat in de Historia Agriculturae reeks verscheen. Het bevat onder meer zijn afscheidsrede 'The Tiger and

  11. COUNTRYSIDE EDUCATION AND MATHEMATICS EDUCATION: POSSIBLES INTERLACING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Glavam Duarte

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This essay reflects on the favorable conditions that are offered by the Countryside Education on the ethnomathematics experiences. The principles that underlie such education combined with its organization of time and space - Pedagogy of Alternation - are a very favorable ground for the investigation of different mathematical rationalities. It is in view of this discussion that this article intends to put up scoring two surveys conducted by students from the Bachelor of Countryside Education of the Federal University of Santa Catarina. The first seeks to give visibility to mathematical knowledge favored by the fishermen of Ibiraquera, region of Imbituba / SC, and the second presents the mathematical rationality of a "quilombola" weaver belonging to the "Invernada dos Negros", community located in Campos Novos / SC.

  12. The Work of Instructors for New Socialist Countryside Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin ZENG; Shunsheng LU; Lamei YANG; Chaozhong ZHANG; Yunfei SONG; Yan LIU; Zhengyin WU; Jiajin TAO; Guixian WU

    2016-01-01

    To meet the wishes and demands of the majority of farmers,it is necessary to steadily build a new socialist countryside,and actively promote urban-rural integration. With the guidance for new countryside construction as an opportunity,this paper studies and explores the working practice of new countryside construction instructors sent by Longyang Agricultural Technique Extension Station for various village committees( or offices) during 2007- 2013. This paper analyzes and summarizes the results achieved and the main problems,and puts forth the corresponding recommendations. The results of the analysis can provide a reference for the instructors to carry out the guiding work for new countryside construction.

  13. Analysis on Family Factor in Construction of New Socialist Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyzes the family factor in the construction of new socialist countryside. It is believed that the family plays both the positive role and negative role in new socialist countryside construction. Based on this analysis,it puts forward corresponding countermeasures,including bringing into play the effect of family in promoting production and carrying forward excellent factors of family culture.

  14. Challenges and Countermeasures for Beautiful Countryside Construction in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LIU Yan-sui

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The 18th National Congress of Communist Party of China proposed the goal of building a beautiful China. The key points and difficulties of beautiful China construction lie in countryside. Beautiful countryside construction is an important integral part of the beauty of China. Under the background of rapid urbanization, industrialization and rural transformative development, beautiful countryside construction has a vital practical significance for renovating hollowed villages, improving rural living environment, reconstructing rural space and narrowing rural-urban income gap as well as promoting rural-urban integrated development. However, the construction of China's beautiful countryside is facing many challenges, i.e., population emigration, employment, land use, resource consumption and environmental governance. In this study, the strategies and outlets to solve the beautiful countryside construction problems were put forward based on the objective analysis of challenges and plights faced by beautiful countryside construction. It would provide a theoretical basis for exploring the geographical patterns of rebalancing the man-land relationship from uncoordinated mode. These findings would also provide a scientific decision support for constructing beautiful countryside construction in new period.

  15. Application of GIS in New Socialist Countryside Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shunxi; YAN; Yonglu; YAN; Xiaolei; WANG

    2013-01-01

    Survey and research of new socialist countryside construction in Hebei Province are favorable for determining approaches and construction mode of new socialist countryside in other areas,and favorable for advancing the urban and rural integration in Hebei Province. With the aid of GIS technology,it is able to create spatial information database,correlate with rural statistical data and spatial information. Then,in the form of thematic map,it can visually indicate current situations of rural economy,and existing problems of development. Finally,it is expected to promote rural information construction and guide new countryside planning,to facilitate inquiry and search of information,and to provide supporting decisions for new socialist countryside construction.

  16. Theoretical Framework and Model Design for Beautiful Countryside Construction in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ZHENG Xiang-qun

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In the context of China today, the process of beautiful countryside construction mainly imitates the patterns of‘urbanization’construction. However, this approach leads to the loss of countryside characteristics and the separation of agricultural culture. Therefore, it's urgent to carry out research of the theoretical framework and model design for beautiful countryside construction. In this paper, based on the analysis of the beautiful countryside construction connotation, the basic theory of beautiful countryside construction was summarized in three aspects: rural complex ecosystem model, multi-functionality of rural model and sustainable development evaluation model. The basic idea of the beautiful countryside construction mode was studied. The design method of beautiful countryside construction mode was proposed in three levels: planning, scheming and evaluating. The research results might offer scientific reference for improving the scientific and operational nature of beautiful countryside construction.

  17. Puzzle and Innovation: Thoughts over New Countryside Planning in New Era

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Based on the changes of background of current new countryside planning, this paper points out that the new countryside planning is faced with two problems: the obscure planning guiding ideology and the slow implementation process. Combined with the new countryside planning practices of the author, it states that the new countryside planning should be innovated from the aspects of planning guiding ideology, implementation institution, ways of expression, and so on.

  18. Socialist Consciousness Raising and Cuba's School to the Countryside Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blum, Denise

    2008-01-01

    As a participant-observer, the author relates observations, interviews, and surveys from her experience in a Cuban Escuela al Campo ("School to the Countryside," or EAC) camp located on a collective farm outside of the city of Havana. The Pioneers, the youth section of the official Cuban Communist Party, organize the EAC program…

  19. Socialist Consciousness Raising and Cuba's School to the Countryside Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blum, Denise

    2008-01-01

    As a participant-observer, the author relates observations, interviews, and surveys from her experience in a Cuban Escuela al Campo ("School to the Countryside," or EAC) camp located on a collective farm outside of the city of Havana. The Pioneers, the youth section of the official Cuban Communist Party, organize the EAC program…

  20. Interpretation of the Construction of Socialist New Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Several old problems in the new countryside construction at present are analyzed.For instance the land transfer mechanism is not flexible,land problems have restricted the development of agricultural industrialization;farmers still have serious problems in income increase and lack the rational investment and consumption awareness;farmers receive low level of education and their cultural qualities are general poor;for a long time,legalization and democratization process of rural grass-roots organizations has been lagged behind.Causations for problems in the new countryside construction are various,such as lacking the subject consciousness,a long-term mechanism,industrial support and capital input.Finally,several new ideas about the construction of socialist new countryside are put forward,including speeding up the development of modern agriculture and doing everything possible to increase the income of farmers;paying attention to the development of civilized villages and towns and doing everything possible to enrich the knowledge of farmers;accelerating the establishment of long-term mechanism and gathering the ideas of farmers to the maximum extent;fully integrating project funds and constructing the socialist new countryside.

  1. Socialist Consciousness Raising and Cuba's School to the Countryside Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blum, Denise

    2008-01-01

    As a participant-observer, the author relates observations, interviews, and surveys from her experience in a Cuban Escuela al Campo ("School to the Countryside," or EAC) camp located on a collective farm outside of the city of Havana. The Pioneers, the youth section of the official Cuban Communist Party, organize the EAC program nationwide. The…

  2. To Construct the New Socialist Countryside: Chinese Government Is Meeting Challenge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ The Fourth Session of the National People's Congress ended on March 14 put forward the concept of Constructing the New Socialist Countryside.What is the New Socialist Countryside? It is very hard to give a perfect answer with few words, because China's countryside is so large, the rural population is a big number: more than 800 million, taking 64% of the total population, and the countryside situation is very complicated. To realize a New Socialist Countryside, comprehensively improve the living standard, education standard and the medical service standard of the 800 million people, it is a challenge for the Chinese Government!

  3. Land Credit Cooperatives Help Construction of New Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨扬

    2007-01-01

    This article introduces the experience of Pingluo County of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, where "land credit cooperatives" have thrived. Based on a survey of the background, function, business scope, structure, supportive policy and the performance of "land credit cooperatives", the author believes that the essence of the cooperative is a "land joint-stock cooperation organization" whose experience may be of particular relevance to the building of a "new socialist countryside".

  4. Thinking on Beautiful Countryside Construction Based on Land Consolidation in Hefei City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei; WANG; Zhongxiang; YU

    2013-01-01

    This paper stated the background under which beautiful countryside construction was proposed;reviewed the new countryside construction profile of Hefei City before beautiful countryside construction was proposed;analyzed the practices of beautiful countryside construction of Hefei City from the perspective of the land consolidation when considering the development of new-type urbanization conjunctively;then,on the basis of the analysis,it proposed a consideration that the land consolidation and beautiful countryside construction practices of Hefei City should be used for reference,that is to say,the city should focus on beautiful countryside construction planning and comprehensively promote the land consolidation.And it also indicated that there were three kinds of relations needed to be treated well and"five combinations"needed to be done well in land consolidation.

  5. Study on New Socialist Countryside Construction from the Perspective of Humanism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GE Tian-bo; ZHANG Ze-yi

    2012-01-01

    On the basis of research data of many scholars,we analyzed implication of new countryside and the construction of new socialist countryside.The new socialist countryside construction is a systematic project,involving rural political,economic,cultural,scientific and technological,sanitation,social security,ecological environment,and people’s livelihood.We discussed successful experience of new socialist countryside construction,and presented relevant construction models,namely different models of eastern developed regions and central and western less developed regions.Finally,we put forward countermeasures for new socialist countryside construction,including ensuring implementation of planning for new socialist countryside construction and improving livelihood of rural people and supply of public goods.

  6. Rural Urbanism? About urbanits moving to the countryside

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Neergaard, Maja Louise Stiegnitz de

    I whish to present a part of the analytical framework for the empirical studies of my Ph.D. project titled: Rural Urbanism? A qualitative study of the everyday lives, mobility patterns and practiced constructions of place and nature, that are characteristic of urbanites moving to the countryside...... tempo, inside and outside, movement and fixity, work and leisure etc. One of the objectives is to consider if the narratives and rhythmanalyses somehow reflect any related matters of lifestyle, and whether there are specific characteristics distinguishing certain rural rhythms....

  7. Demographic and labor market in the Chilean countryside Transformations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos René Rodríguez Garcés

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Based on the information provided by the National Socioeconomic Survey of 1990 and 2013, the Chilean countryside reconfigurations are analyzed in terms of their demographic trends and labor market restructuring. A continuous process of depopulation and aging of the rural population is demographically notes. The agricultural activities of the rural labor market charge less important in terms of jobs and income, showing a strong process and favoring deagrarianisation positioning services area. Finally, a growing number of households that hold informal consensual unions and a greater presence of single-parent households, mainly consisting of female-headed households is observed.

  8. The countryside and origins of China’s reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王郁昭

    2009-01-01

    China’s 30 years of reform have achieved tremendous success and a transformation of the country.Amazingly,however,this grand endeavor began in an anonymous rural village in which the f irst breakthroughs were made.How did China’s reform begin in the countryside? Why were the initial breakthroughs made there? What is its significance? This article elaborates on these questions,urging that we should carry out a scientific outlook on development in the spirit of the 17th Party Congress,and steadfastly deepen the rural reform of rural.Research into these issues will help us gain a deeper understanding of the rural reform.

  9. The Movement of Going to the Mountain Areas and the Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    In December 1968, Mao Zedong, then leader of China, gave a directive that it is necessary for "educated youth" in cities to work in the countryside. Since then, a large-scale movement of students going to the mountain areas and the countryside had been carried out throughout the country. In more than 10 years, around 17 million

  10. Recommendations and Countermeasures for Building Beautiful Countryside in Jiangsu Province in the New Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yongxiang; GUAN; Yonghong; LIANG; Hao; WU; Zichen; WANG

    2014-01-01

    This paper firstly introduced overall condition of agricultural and rural economic development in Jiangsu Province,and analyzed restrictive factors and bottleneck in the process of new socialist countryside construction from policy,fund and understanding. There are many problems in the process of new socialist countryside construction,including no supply and management system for rural public service products,no agricultural ecological compensation mechanism,increasingly prominent rural hollowing and decline of passing on economic culture,lack of funds and technologies for new socialist countryside construction,and inadequate understanding of new socialist countryside construction. In line with these problems,it came up with recommendations and countermeasures for beautiful countryside construction in Jiangsu Province in the new period from government guidance,plan leading,industrial support,environmental improvement,innovation management and cultural cultivation.

  11. Development of disadvantaged position of the farmer in the construction of the new socialist countryside in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Though the farmer is the group with the biggest population in China, they are a disadvantaged group. In the construction of new socialist countryside in China, there are also causes for the disadvantaged group status, which are embodied in many aspects. The status is the important root of many problems of agriculture and countryside in China. Changing the farmers' status of the disadvantaged group is the key to constructing the new socialist countryside, deepening the reform in the countryside and realizing the benign social and economic development in the countryside in China.

  12. Race, Class, Gender and Countryside. Feminist Epistemologies of the Margin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Borys

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In my article I am trying to explore ways in which Polish feminismcan expand its knowledge about woman living in the countryside. To this purposeI recall theories from black feminist thought and postcolonial studies which helpto enrich subaltern epistemologies. To renegotiate regimes of visibility, which limitour imagination, I use these theories to analyze pop culture representations of rurality(documentary Warszawa do wzięcia and docusoap Chłopaki do wzięcia. Referring tobell hooks’ theory of the margin and to postcolonial writings of Gayatri ChakravortySpivak and Donna Haraway’s concept of situated knowledges, which all helpto develop our knowledge about different kinds of oppression and their intersectionality,I want to draw attention to these dimensions of sexism which don’t fit intorigid categories of “problems faced by woman from big cities”.

  13. Rural Infrastructure Construction in New Socialist Countryside Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    In the background of new socialist countryside construction,rural infrastructure construction is favorable to consolidating fundamental position of agriculture,expanding rural job opportunities,increasing farmers’ income,and favorable to development of rural economy and the national economy. Rural infrastructure construction mainly includes construction of agricultural basic production conditions,construction of rural ecological environment,construction of agricultural service system,and construction of rural living facilities. Finally,we put forward approaches and methods for strengthening rural infrastructure construction: firstly,increase fund input to provide financial support for rural infrastructure construction; second ly,make scientific village planning to ensure sustainability of rural infrastructure construction; thirdly,arouse farmers’ enthusiasm and initiative to promote stable development of rural infrastructure construction.

  14. ECONOMIC SUBSTANTIATION OF REAL INVESTMENTS IN CONSTRUCTION OF OBJECTS OF SPHERE OF SERVICES IN A COUNTRYSIDE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. V. Belozertseva

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of opportunities of construction of the enterprises of sphere of services in a countryside in Southern Dagestan is lead. Features and requirements to designing the enterprises of sphere of services in a countryside are considered {examined}. The four-stage concentric model of rational territorial accommodation of the enterprises of sphere of services and the author's approach to an estimation of efficiency of investment civil-engineering designs of objects of sphere of services in a countryside are offered.

  15. Boosting Development of New Countryside Based on Construction of Small Towns

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>1. Existing problems of rural construction1.1 Current problems in village construction Countryside, in contrast to city, is a general concept of social region that describes the human settlements of different scales

  16. Bottleneck of Farmers’ Quality in New Socialist Countryside Construction and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    We analyzed problems of farmers’ quality in the new socialist countryside construction,including low educational level,poor specialized skills,and low ideological and ethical quality.These problems become bottleneck of the socialist countryside construction.In view of these problems,we put forward following countermeasures:speeding up urbanization development,consolidating rural basic education,strengthening rural vocational education,and developing new approaches to improve farmers’ ideological and ethical quality.

  17. Design and Building of the New Countryside Construction Database Based on ArcSDE and SQL Server

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hongji; ZHANG; Xuping; LI; Yong; LUO; Lianze; TENG; Aiqun; DAI

    2013-01-01

    Building the new countryside construction database plays an important role in improving the construction efficiency,and enhancing the level of major project management.On the basis of detailed analysis of features of the new countryside construction data,we give an overview of the database design based on ArcSDE and SQL Server,and elaborate the association between data classification organization,database conceptual design,logical design,spatial data,and thematic attribute data.Finally,taking the provincial new countryside demonstration zone in Yanjiang District of Sichuan Province for example,we build the new countryside construction database.

  18. Making sense of unfamiliar risks in the countryside: the case of Lyme disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcu, Afrodita; Uzzell, David; Barnett, Julie

    2011-05-01

    The focus of this paper is on how popular representations of the countryside provide countryside users with a discursive framework to make sense of unfamiliar countryside-based risks, taking Lyme disease as an example. Sixty-six semi-structured interviews were conducted with 82 visitors in Richmond Park, New Forest, and Exmoor National Park in the UK. The data were analysed using thematic analysis and was informed by social representations theory. The analysis indicated that a lay understanding of the risk of Lyme disease was filtered by place-attachment and the social representations of the countryside. Lyme disease was not understood primarily as a risk to health, but was instead constructed as a risk to the social and restorative practices in the context of the countryside. The findings suggest that advice about zoonoses such as Lyme disease is unlikely to cause panic, and that it should focus on the least intrusive preventative measures. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. CONSIDERING THE APPEARANCES OF COUNTRYSIDE – CITY DISTINCTION IN THE CASE OF HAVSA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakan YAŞ

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available There are certain appearances put forth that urban life is distinct from rural life. Some of these distinctions are disparities in income level, household population, status of ownership and vocation professed. The distinctions between countryside and city has become more apparent in historical process. In this paper the rural and urban area of the Havsa District of Edirne are contrasted. Center of Havsa District is taken as the city, while the villages are taken as countryside. Initially, the commonly held features of the distinction between countryside and city have been dealt by taking the historical process into consideration. Then, these features have been compared with the results of survey study conducted. In this context, the aim of this paper is to examine the determiners of the distinction between countryside and city in the case of Havsa. Through the comparison, it is tried to figure out whether the appearances of the distinctions between countryside and city is observed in Havsa. Separate from the most studies in the literature, in this study, the distinction is also compared in terms of the expectations of the public.

  20. Research on the Appraisal System of County Innovation in New Countryside Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Li

    2009-01-01

    Aiming at the target of enhancing agricultural competitive power and maintaining the sustainable countryside development, "the three dimensional innovation", namely the system innovation, the organization innovation, and the service innovation, is the basic way to raise the efficiency of productive factors, optimize the organizational structure and enhance the farmers' own organizational ability, thus it becomes an important proposition in the fundamental research and practice of China new countryside construction. Through the reorganization and analyses of the domestic academic achievements, this article chose "the county innovation in China new countryside construction" as the first level index, and "the three dimensional innovation" as the second level index. Totally four levels of indices, namely the strategy level, the mechanism level, the carrier level and the comment level, were introduced to construct the county innovation appraisal system. The further adjustment and supplement of the indices and the choices of computational method must be completed through spot investigation and case study.

  1. Study on the problem-oriented collaborative strategy mechanism for local construction of northeast countryside

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaoyang, Sun; Xin, Sui; Mo, Li

    2017-04-01

    Under the background of starting the new round of the revitalization of the northeast economy in China, there is a pressing need to set up new idea of the development of the innovative urban - rural integration. Regarding the form of the collaborative construction in the practice of rural construction in recent years as cutting point, through the internal order analysis, seeking problems, classification and analysis of the basic investigation data of typical villages in the countryside of the Northeast and oriented by the problems, the paper presents the applicable and feasible construction strategies suitable for the development of countryside step by step, so as to establish the collaborative mechanism of “up-down collaboration, internal-external coupling, extensive participation, rooting in rural areas and perpetual development”, which aims at providing the rule, method and idea with universal significance for the overall revitalization of the northeast countryside.

  2. On the Development of Animal Husbandry under New Socialist Countryside Construction of Western China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhongming; SHEN

    2015-01-01

    The new socialist countryside construction can not do without bringing into full play superior industries. Developing animal husbandry is a key measure for increasing farmers’ income. Since western China has advantages in region,resource,social culture,and domestic and foreign market potential,the new socialist countryside construction in western China should energetically develop animal husbandry and promote the new socialist countryside construction with the aid of animal husbandry. For developing the animal husbandry,western China can exploit and consolidate market,integrate resources of animal husbandry,well develop four aspects of construction( information service,scientific and technological service,market system,and safety of livestock products),and realize precise market-oriented,ecology-oriented,and modernized development of animal husbandry in western China.

  3. Grey Connection Analysis on Countryside Society & Economy Sustainable Development Based-on Per Capita Net Income of Peasants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Jian-zhong; LIN Jian-bing

    2002-01-01

    In this paper, the authors research sustainable development of countryside's society economy in Fujian Province of China by Grey connection analysis. The authors also discuss the effect of society and resource & ecology environment on per capita net income of peasants, and research the mechanism of sustainable development of countryside's society economy, and raise some countermeasure and measure.

  4. Overview of Researches on Rural Industrial Development in China’s New Socialist Countryside Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PENG Jie-wu

    2012-01-01

    From the perspective of rural industrial development, this paper summed up representative research results of China’s new countryside construction, including approval of criteria for classification of rural industrial structure, definition and scope of rural industrial development, introduction and application of industrial development theory, existing problems, causes and countermeasures of three times of industrial development in rural areas, and experience of foreign rural industrial development model. Among these researches, most researches are general and narrow about achievements in rural industrial development, while the causes are little touched upon. In future, it is expected that the research on rural industrial development in new socialist countryside construction will be deepened and specified.

  5. Variables disclosing the processes of transformation of the countryside: the case of the Espirito Santo - Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Ferraz do Nascimento

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyze the occurrence of changes in the countryside, in Brazil, from the observation of variables such as type of job, income, family profile, access to consumer goods, services, and information and communication technology. There had been used exploratory analysis and logistic regression method, based on data from the Pesquisa Nacional de Amostra de Domicílios (Brazilian National Household Sample Survey - PNAD for the state of Espirito Santo. The study found that about 27.2% of individuals who had lived in the countryside report an urban profile, revealing that the urban lifestyle is encompassed not only in the city

  6. Curriculum for a Poor Country: High Schools in the Cuban Countryside

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro, Fidel

    1976-01-01

    Excerpts of this speech highlights that the schools in the countryside provide a real opportunity for educating individuals by combining education and work; schools being based on concept that education and the training of an individual are closely related to productive work. (Author/AM)

  7. Plurality and Rurality; The role of the countryside in urbanised regions, volume 1

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hillebrand, H.; Goetgeluk, R.; Hetsen, H.

    2000-01-01

    From November 11 till November 14, 1998, an EAAE seminar (the 60 th ) was held in Berg en Dal in the Netherlands. The theme of the seminar was the role of the countryside in urbanised regions. This book contains most of the papers presented there. The main conclusion is that the problem of rural reg

  8. Plurality and Rurality: the role of the countryside in urbanised regions, volume 2

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hillebrand, H.; Goetgeluk, R.; Hetsen, H.

    2000-01-01

    From November 11 till November 14, 1998, an EAAE seminar (the 60 th ) was held in Berg en Dal in the Netherlands. The theme of the seminar was the role of the countryside in urbanised regions. This book contains most of the papers presented there. The main conclusion is that the problem of rural reg

  9. Building a New Countryside: a Long-term Task in China’s Modernization Drive

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩俊

    2007-01-01

    This article discusses the achievements and major changes in China’s rural development, elaborates on the prominent problems related to agriculture, rural areas and farmers in China, and discusses some key policy issues concerning the building of a new socialist countryside, especially from the perspective of balancing urban and rural development. The underlying viewpoint of this article is that to promote the building of a new countryside, a system and mechanism of balancing urban and rural development must be gradually established and improved. The policies should focus on improving the social mobility mechanism to remove the institutional barriers to the social mobility of farmers; establishing public finances to cover both urban and rural areas to narrow the gap in basic public service provision between cities and the countryside; expediting the establishment of a social security network to protect the interests of rural disadvantaged groups; improving the mechanism of protecting land-use rights and interests of farmers; effectively organizing the mechanism of ensuring allocations for the building of a new countryside; improving the organizational structure of rural society to support self-organized farmers’ groups; and changing the concept of rural governance and the operation of social governance.

  10. Gentrification and Neo-Rural Populations in the Quebec Countryside: Representations of Various Actors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guimond, Laurie; Simard, Myriam

    2010-01-01

    Rural gentrification, which is linked in particular to the migration and permanent settlement in the countryside of middle-class or affluent urbanites, is increasingly affecting contemporary rural communities. Despite the significance of this trend, the complex and many-sided phenomenon of rural gentrification has hardly been explored in scholarly…

  11. Direct Investment in the Countryside and the Problem of Raising Farmers' Incomes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiChangying

    2005-01-01

    In combination with other policies, encouraging direct investment in the countryside and in agriculture would be one of the most effective measures to increase farmers' employment rates, raise their household income, realize the transfer of the surplus rural labor force, upgrade the quality of farming yield and advance sustainable development in the national economy.

  12. Enlarging of scale in dairy farming: Consequences for farm-bound traffic flows in the countryside

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jaarsma, C.F.; Hermans, C.M.L.; Rienks, W.A.; Vries, de J.R.

    2013-01-01

    On average, farm units in the EU countryside are developing within the globalization process to an everincreasing physical and operational size. Within the last three decades, Dutch dairy farm holdings have increased their physical size by a factor of 3. This ongoing process can also be observed in

  13. Predicament and Countermeasures of County Economic Development in the Context of New Socialist Countryside Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    From the perspective of building new socialist countryside, this paper analyses the interactive and mutually reinforcing internal relationship between construction of new socialist countryside and the development of county economy as follows: building new socialist countryside is a significant opportunity and a sturdy base for the development of county economy; the development of county economy is an effective approach and mighty support for construction of new socialist countryside. Then this paper researches the predicament of "big agricultural county, small industry county, county with weak economy, county with low revenue" confronted by the development of county economy at present. Finally corresponding countermeasures are put forward to address predicament in county economic development as follows: constantly promote the reform of "province administering county", enhance and reinforce the development initiative of county economy; vigorously develop modern agriculture, use modern agriculture to stabilize the county; make every effort to propel the development of modern industry, use emerging industry to rejuvenate the county; quicken the pace of urban construction, use charming cities to attract development elements; adhere to the people-oriented outlook, foster new farmers, to achieve harmonious development of county economy.

  14. Reporting an Unsettled Countryside The News Media and Rural Protests in Britain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Woods

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Most analyses of the role of the media in shaping and reproducing popular dis-courses of rurality have focused on film, television drama and literature. Compa-ratively little attention has been directed towards the role of the news media in framing perceptions of contemporary rural issues through reportage and commen-tary. This paper examines the engagement of the news media with a series of rural protests that developed in Britain between 1997 and 2007 around issues such as hunting and farm incomes. The news media had been complicit in maintaining the previous discursive construct of the countryside as a settled and almost apolitical space, but the emergence of major rural protests forced a shift in the representation of rural life. News coverage of rural issues and rural protests increased with the adoption of a new discourse of the ”unsettled countryside”. In adjusting to shifting news values, the news media initially bought and reproduced the frames promoted by the major rural campaign group, the Countryside Alliance, including tropes of the ”countryside in crisis”, the ”countryside comes to town” and the ”countryside speaks out for liberty”. Over time, however, a more complex web of representations developed as the perspectives adopted by different media outlets diverged, informed by political ideology. As such, it is argued that the news media played a key role not in only in mediating public reception of rural protests, and thus modulating their political significance, but also in framing the rural protests for participants within the rural community, and as such contributing to the mobilisation of a politicised rural identity and an active rural citizenship.

  15. An important way to build a new socialistic countryside: developing circular economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ji Kunsen

    2006-01-01

    @@ It was put forward in the Fifth Session of Sixteenth Central Committee of the Party that "it is a great historic mission on the path for China to modernization to construct new socialistic countries",and that "according to the requirements of developing production, ample life, civilized countryside climate, clean countryside, democratic management,urban and rural social and economic development should be unifiedly planned, modern agricultural construction should be promoted, rural reform should be deepened all round, rural public service should be advanced, and peasants' income should be increased by all means." Some time ago Premier Wen Jiabao pointed out that problems about the carrying capacity of resources and environment, for example the decrease of arable land, the lack of freshwater and eco-environmental deterioration, will be tough challenges to agricultural development in China.

  16. Agricultural Multifunctionality Evolution and Research into Issues concerning Agriculture,Countryside and Farmers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Xin

    2012-01-01

    From the point of view of agricultural civilization, the history of human civilization is the history of the development of the agricultural civilization. Accompanied by social progress and development of the times, the function of agriculture also experiences the expansion and deepening. In terms of economy, there is a process from mechanized farming to industrialization, then to informatization, modernization and internationalization. The great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation has also experienced and witnessed this process. In terms of "agriculture, countryside and farmers", the content is complex, diverse, profound, sharp, and changing, constantly testing and challenging our wisdom. When the Document No.1 in 2007 targeted modern agriculture, it indicated that new connotation was integrated into agricultural multifunctionality, standing at a new starting point. At present, the function of agriculture is still deepening; there are tremendous achievements and outstanding problems concurrently in issues concerning agriculture, countryside and farmers. We take the agricultural multifunctionality as breakthrough point for exploration and research.

  17. Building s New Socialist Countryside, Improving Commission and Agent System of "Village-level Accounting"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHI Hong

    2006-01-01

    Rural finance is an issue concerned with rural people, improving rural financial management is important to close the relations of cadres and masses, maintain rural stability, and promote rural economic development. This article explained the main problems of village financial, the needs of introducing commission and agent system of"village-level accounting" for building a new socialist countryside, and the measures of improving commission and agent system of "village-level accounting".

  18. Prevalence of Asthma in a Portuguese Countryside Town:Repercussions on Absenteeism and Self-Concept

    OpenAIRE

    Borrego, Lm; Leiria-Pinto, P; César, M.; Rosado-Pinto, J

    2005-01-01

    Background: Childhood asthma represents an increasing health problem and is the leading cause of hospital admission and absenteeism in children with chronic disease. It also compromises quality of life, eventually contributing to disturbances in self-concept. Self-concept is a recent and global perspective of “the self” and relates to skills, self-image and self-esteem. Little information is available on this topic and there are no data from Portuguese countryside towns. Objective: T...

  19. Importance of Multiple Properties of Water Conservancy and Construction of Water Conservancy Long-Term Mechanism——Study of Water Development Dilemma and Thinking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xin; LIU

    2013-01-01

    Since the construction of new socialist countryside," agriculture,rural areas and farmers" have been in the pivotal development period. As the all-around transition and progress of our society,water conservancy construction and other rural public facilities and services seriously lag behind,and it has restricted the formation of long-term mechanism for water conservancy development and brought hidden trouble to harmonious countryside. Based on the great changes of traditional rural areas in politics,economy,society,humanity and ecological,we firstly analyze the status quo of agriculture,rural areas and farmers,then discuss the multiple attributes of water conservancy to construct the longterm mechanism for water conservancy development.

  20. Experience in New Socialist Countryside Planning and Construction and Recommendations: A Case Study of Haotang Village in Xinyang City of Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bin; ZHENG; Qi; GONG; Xi; MA; Xiaofang; ZHANG; Lu; GAN; Ying; ZHU

    2014-01-01

    Taking Haotang Village in Xinyang City of Henan Province as an example,this paper analyzed experience of this village in development of new socialist countryside construction. The new socialist countryside planning and construction should attach importance to research on original spatial pattern of villages,really respect and bring into play subject function of farmers,and deeply explore rural financial services. It is expected to provide reference for future new socialist countryside planning and construction.

  1. ORGANIZATIONAL AND LEGAL RESEARCH OF INDICATORS OF INCIDENCE AND PREVALENCE OF DIABETES MELLITUS IN COUNTRYSIDE AREAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zbrozhek SI

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. For recent decades in Ukraine populations’ health indicators became quite serious negative trends: increased mortality rates among people of working age, morbidity, reduced life expectancy and more. It should also be noted that one of the main indicators of the state, its civilization and competitiveness is the degree of orientation of the state to improve the health of citizens, legal and organizational improvement of the healthcare sector. The financial and economic crisis has significantly exacerbated the problems associated with the provision of medical care in Ukraine, ensuring its availability and good quality. The current healthcare system is fair and complaints from the public, and the medical staff, it is still not able to adequately meet the needs of the population in healthcare, to ensure the availability, quality and timeliness of health services, adequate prevention of morbidity, mortality and more. The need for healthcare reform emphasizes the failure to ensure the proper conditions existing in state funding and to implement effective schemes for full competition in the healthcare and pharmaceutical provision in countryside areas is therefore, in Ukraine implemented new organizational and legal approaches in reforming the health service. That is why in Ukraine implementing processes that are transparent, will reduce unnecessary costs for public administration and improve accessibility of the medications in countryside areas of different clinical and pharmacological, classification, nomenclature, legal and regulatory groups used in the pharmacotherapy of diabetes mellitus. Materials and methods. The organizational and legal, forensic and pharmaceutical researches were conducted in countryside areas at the regional level on example of the Kharkiv region on the basis of 62 public healthcare institutions, 16 public enterprises of healthcare and health companies of other ownership. Materials of the research were: the

  2. Research on Human Resources Development of Rural Public Service Departments in New Countryside Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of defining related concepts concerning human resources in rural public service departments,this paper analyses the overall status quo of human resources in China’s rural public service departments and points out the problems existing in human resources in China’s rural public service departments during new countryside construction as follows:first,the constitution structure is not rational;second,the cultural quality of staff is universally low,and the business capacity remains to be promoted;third,the improvement of human resources development environment lags behind,and the supporting reform is short.In the context of new countryside construction,the opportunities faced by the human resources in China’s rural public service departments are as follows:China has elevated strengthening new countryside construction and rural talents construction as important state development strategy;the ideas of service-oriented government and learning-oriented government are put forward;civil servant system is overhauled.Therefore,I advance the development strategy of human resources in China’s rural public service departments as follows:implement elastic personnel system reform in public service departments(including civil servant positions in department),to form the public service personnel system of "able one comes in,mediocre one moves over and shiftless one steps down";audaciously promote young and middle-aged grass-roots cadres with strong business ability,high political quality,acute judgement and decision-making ability;build learning-oriented grass-roots public service organization,to make the staff in rural pubic service departments study assiduously and progress;broaden horizon,and build the human resources development system geared to international standards;in developed regions,the human resources in grass-roots public service departments should introduce enterprise competition model.

  3. Americans city and countryside seen from the Council of the Indies in Madrid (1570-1650

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillaume Gaudin

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available How Madrid administration, i.e. the Council of the Indies, considered urban and rural areas in America? From classical sources (the Ordenanzas of 1573 and Relaciones geográficas of 1577 and unpublished (the work and papers of the clerk of the Council of the Indies, Juan Díez de la Calle, we understand the importance of the city as a place of dominance over the countryside and implementation of royal power thanks to the presence of the representatives of the Crown nominated in Madrid. The city, with its officers and priests, obsesses while the field in the background is only seen as a resource

  4. Application of Geothermal Energy to New Countryside Construction——A Case Study of Xiong County, Hebei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG; Shu-fang

    2012-01-01

    Hujiatai Village, Xiong County, Hebei Province was nominated as the experimental unit of new countryside construction by Hebei Province in 2008. In order to make Hujiatai Village become a new countryside model with friendly ecological and environmental conditions, local energy resources should be considered. In this study, a mode of "geothermal energy extraction-heat exchange-space heating-reinjection" was adopted to supply heat to resident houses in Hujiatai Village cooperating with a geothermal development entity based on the abundant geothermal resources, thereby constructing a clean, economic and autarkic new countryside energy system, which avoids utilization of fossil-energy, reduces emission of greenhouse gases and generation of solid coal cinder, protecting air and land environment, improving life quality of the people and building a typical model for Hebei Province and even for the whole country.

  5. Everyday Information Needs and Information Seeking Habits in the Countryside: a Study of a Local Community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gorazd Vodeb

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTPurpose: The research attempts to provide an insight into the information world of the Slovenian countryside. It presents the first results of an exploratory study of information needs, information seeking habits and types of information sources.Methodology/approach: Brenda Dervin's Sense-Making Methodology was used as the theoretical basis for this research. 25 open structured interviews with inhabitants of a local community were conducted based on purposive sampling. Interview recordings were transcribed, summarised and analysed using the qualitative content analysis approach.Results: The analysis results in recognizing the types of gaps in the context of an individual, economic activities and in the context of a local community. Gap categories are described with regard to questions or problems and the ways of solving them. There are 20 categories describing gaps in the context of an individual, 17 categories which present economic activities – and 6 categories which pertain to a local community. Findings about information needs and the ways of seeking information stress the key role of information sources in farming and prevalence of interpersonal exchange of information and experts' opinion in the context of individual problem solving.Research limitation: The generalisation of results is not possible due to the sample size.Originality/practical implications: The findings contribute to understanding of information needs and ways of information seeking in the Slovenian countryside.

  6. Long-term vegetation monitoring in Great Britain - the Countryside Survey 1978-2007 and beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Claire M.; Smart, Simon M.; Bunce, Robert G. H.; Norton, Lisa R.; Maskell, Lindsay C.; Howard, David C.; Scott, W. Andrew; Henrys, Peter A.

    2017-07-01

    The Countryside Survey (CS) of Great Britain provides a globally unique series of datasets, consisting of an extensive set of repeated ecological measurements at a national scale, covering a time span of 29 years. CS was first undertaken in 1978 to monitor ecological and land use change in Britain using standardised procedures for recording ecological data from representative 1 km squares throughout the country. The same sites, with some additional squares, were used for subsequent surveys of vegetation undertaken in 1990, 1998 and 2007, with the intention of future surveys. Other data records include soils, freshwater habitats and invertebrates, and land cover and landscape feature diversity and extents. These data have been recorded in the same locations on analogous dates. However, the present paper describes only the details of the vegetation surveys. The survey design is a series of gridded, stratified, randomly selected 1 km squares taken as representative of classes derived from a statistical environmental classification of Britain. In the 1978 survey, 256 one-kilometre sample squares were recorded, increasing to 506 in 1990, 569 in 1998 and 591 in 2007. Initially each square contained up to 11 dispersed vegetation plots but additional plots were later placed in different features so that eventually up to 36 additional sampling plots were recorded, all of which can be relocated where possible (unless the plot has been lost, for example as a consequence of building work), providing a total of 16 992 plots by 2007. Plots are estimated to have a precise relocation accuracy of 85 %. A range of plots located in different land cover types and landscape features (for example, field boundaries) are included. Although a range of analyses have already been carried out, with changes in the vegetation being related to a range of drivers at local and national scales, there is major potential for further analyses, for example in relation to climate change. Although the

  7. Commercial Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    China is pushing retailers to move into rural areas Considering the Chinese Govern- ment’s push to develop the country-side-and its own history-Wal-Mart may want to consider more aggressive expansions into rural China. Wal-Mart has grown like wildfire

  8. Path Choice of New Countryside Construction in Western Region of China under the Perspective of Ecological Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    General situation of ecological environment in western region is introduced,as well as its relationship with new countryside construction.Result shows that ecological conditions of western region not only play an important role in the achievement of new countryside construction in western region,but also directly affect the ecological safety of eastern region and the sustainable development of China.Problems in new countryside construction in western region are analyzed under the perspective of ecological environment,which are the weak concept of ecological protection,the ecological environment which needs to be improved,the difficulty in agriculture development,and the backward plan for human settlement.According to these problems,path of new countryside construction in western China is pointed out under the perspective of ecological environment,such as promoting ecological economy,developing competitive industries,speeding up spatial planning,optimizing the living environment,changing the traditional concept into scientific and rational development,and restoring the ecological environment by making use of agricultural support.

  9. Pregnancy is associated with psychiatric symptoms in a low-income countryside community of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dias FMV

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Fernando MV Dias1–3, Claudio SD Junior4, Glaura C Franco5, Antônio L Teixeira3, Angela M Ribeiro21Department of Medicine and Nursing, Federal University of Viçosa, Viçosa; 2Graduate Program in Neurosciences, Laboratory of Molecular and Behavioral Neuroscience (LaNeC; 3Graduate Program in Neurosciences, Neuropsychiatric Branch Research; 4Department of Sociology and Anthropology; 5Department of Statistics, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horrizonte, BrazilBackground: Psychiatric symptoms during pregnancy induce an increase in morbidity and also in the mortality levels among women and children. However, the real association between pregnancy and psychiatric disorders and the peculiarities of the phenomenology of symptoms in underprivileged countryside communities remain uncertain.Objective: To verify the association between psychiatric disorder, symptoms, and pregnancy among women from a low-income countryside community and to determine the specific cutoff points for major depression diagnosis according to Beck Depression Inventory for the different trimesters of pregnancy in this population.Methods: Ninety-four pregnant women and 38 healthy women from the Conceição do Mato Dentro health service, a rural low-income community in Brazil, participated in the present study. Psychiatric examination included a structured clinical interview for psychiatric disorders according to Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview and psychometric scales such as the Yale–Brown Obsessive Scale, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the Hamilton Anxiety Scale. The cutoff points for Beck Depression Inventory were determined through the application of receiver operating characteristic curves considering the diagnosis of major depression according to Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview.Results: The pregnant women had a higher frequency of psychiatric disorders and depression and anxiety symptoms. All cutoff points of Beck Depression Inventory

  10. [Research of controlling condition for aeration stabilization pond dealing with sanitary waste of countryside].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Huai-Zheng; Yao, Shu-Jun; Xu, Zu-Xin; Chen, Wei-Bing

    2012-10-01

    According to research of some problems, such as the hydraulic detention time that aeration stabilization pond deals with sanitary waste of countryside, dissolved oxygen in pond during the process of aeration, the concentration distribution of sludge and different aeration periods affecting on the treatment efficiency, we can acquire good treatment efficiency and energy consumption of economy. The results indicate that under the aeration stabilization pond of this experiment, 4 d is the best hydraulic detention time with this aeration stabilization pond. Time of the discontinuous running aeration should be greater than 15 min. The concentration distribution of sludge can reach equilibrium at each point of aeration stabilization pond between 2 min and 10 min. The best aeration period of dislodging the pollutant is 0.5 h aeration/1.0 h cut-off.

  11. Acid House and Thatcherism: noise, the mob, and the English countryside.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Andrew

    2002-03-01

    This paper examines why the late 1980s youth subculture Acid House provoked a moral panic of the scale and intensity that it did. The subculture is conceived as presenting a disruptive presence to Thatcherism as an hegemonic project. The terms under which this occurred are examined through the themes of noise, the mob, and the disruption of bureaucratic authority. The presence of Acid House within the English countryside, and in particular the Home Counties, is situated as enhancing the problematic status of the subculture. The scale of measures taken against Acid House is related to Thatcherism's 'authoritarian populism'. Acid House is located in terms of a history of similar forms of popular cultural activity. The coverage of Acid House in The Sun and The Daily Mail, and the parliamentary debate around the second reading of the Entertainments (Increased Penalties) Act, are drawn upon throughout.

  12. The dimensions of land use change in rural landscapes: lessons learnt from the GB Countryside Surveys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petit, Sandrine

    2009-07-01

    Rural landscapes are highly dynamic and their change impacts on a number of ecological processes such as the dynamics of biodiversity. Although a substantial amount of research has focused on quantifying these changes and their impact on biodiversity, most studies have focused on single dimensions of land use change. This lack of integration in land use change studies can be explained by the fact that data on the spatial, temporal, and ecological dimensions of land use are seldom available for the same geographical location. In this paper, the benefits of taking into account these three dimensions are illustrated with results derived from the Great Britain Countryside Surveys (CS), a large-scale monitoring programme designed to assess change in the extent and ecological condition of British habitats. The overview of CS results presented in this paper shows that (1) changes in land use composition will translate into a variety of spatial patterns; (2) the temporal stability of land use is often lower than can be expected; and (3) there can be large-scale shifts in the ecological condition of the land use types that form our rural landscapes. The benefits of integrated rural landscape studies are discussed in the context of other national monitoring programmes.

  13. Feeding habits of feral cats Felis silvestris catus in the countryside of Majorca Island, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Milan

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The diet of feral cats ( Felis silvestris catus in the Mediterranean island of Majorca (Spain was studied from July 2008 to June 2009 by the analysis of the scats of 75 feral cats captured in baited traps in 14 different areas. A total of 138 preys were identified in the analyzed scats. Mammals were the main group preyed on and constituted 93% both in frequency and biomass. Among them, mice were the most frequent prey consumed (55% Mus sp., 18% Apodemus sylvaticus but represented only 20% of biomass. Rat was present in 29% of scats and was the main component in terms of biomass (57%. Rabbit was found at a frequency of 6.6%, and constituted 18% of biomass. Other prey (birds, geckos and insects were found in lower frequency, and all pooled constituted only 7% of biomass. Reproductive females preyed less upon mice (20% than the other cats (77%. This may indicate that these females tended to predate upon higher preys, which may be secondary to increased energetic requirements due to pregnancy or lactation. No seasonal variations were found in any of the different parameters studied. Results indicate that rodents constitute all year round the main prey item in feral cat diet in the countryside of Majorca.

  14. [Book review] The Eastern Screech Owl: Life History, Ecology and Behavior in the Suburbs and Countryside, by Frederick Gehlback

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hahn, D.C.

    1995-01-01

    Review of: Eastern Screech Owl: Life History, Ecology, and Behavior in the Suburbs and Countryside. Frederick R. Gehlbach. Issue 16; Issue 2008 of W. L. Moody Jr. Natural History Series. Texas A&M University Press; 1st edition (November 1994). ISBN: 0890966095. For ornithologists and ecologists alike, Fred Gehlbach's book promises to hold both interest and information value as a comprehensive study of the eastern screech owl (Otus asio hasbroucki). Gehlbach was intrigued with screech owls as a boy and encouraged as an undergraduate by William Hamilton, who underscored that in-depth studies of familiar backyard species can be as fascinating as those in exotic sites. Correspondence with another owl-aficionado, the late H. N. Southern, inspired the author's long-term study of screech owls in a woodland landscape in central Texas and led him to provide nest boxes to enhance his access and sample size. This book is based on observations over a 25-year period-beginning in 1967, with intensive study during an 11-year period (1976-1987) in Texas south of Waco, where Gehlbach teaches at Baylor University. The study represents observations on 659 screech owls, covering several generations of birds and entire lives of many individuals. Gehlbach compares screech owl nesting behavior in a rural versus suburban setting and includes chapters on food supplies and predation tactics; egg-laying, incubation, and parental behavior; vocalizations; and population structure and flux. He discusses why screech owls are widespread across the eastern half of North America and why they succeed among people in suburban environments, where they adapt as easily to mailboxes and porch columns as to natural tree cavities. The book mixes two approaches: on the one hand the dense style of a technical book in which the professional biologist can find information on many aspects of screech owl behavior, life history, and population, including tables, figures, summary statistics, results of statistical

  15. Study on the Countermeasures of Eco-environment Conservation in the Mountainous Areas of Southern Ningxia under New Situation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Under the implementation of principal functional zoning,further promotion of western development,regional migration,new countryside construction,global warming and so on,the spatial adjustment of regional industry and its structure must be enforced.The spatial adjustment and arrangement of population and economy in the mountainous areas of southern Ningxia could create tremendous opportunity for its eco-environment conservation.Based on analysis on the opportunity and challenge of eco-environment conservati...

  16. 农村财会人员素质教育的思考%Thoughts on Quality-oriented Education of Financial Personnel in Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛爱霞

    2013-01-01

      分析了当前农村财会人员存在的问题,阐述了开展农村财会人员教育培训的必要性,提出了提高农村财会人员素质的措施。%The author analyzed existing problems of current countryside financial personnel, and expounded necessity of train-ing quality-oriented education of financial personnel. Finally, the author put forward measures of improving quality of finan-cial personnel in countryside.

  17. 浅谈建设永久性农村公路的设想%Brief Discussion on Building Perpetual Countryside Road

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李颖

    2011-01-01

    Aimed at the current situation of road layout and construction in countryside, the article proposes idea of building a perpetual countryside road from perspectives of horizontal alignment,vertical section alignment, longitudinal alignment, road base and drainage.%文章针对农村公路测设与施工的情况,从平面线形、公路纵断面线形、平纵面线形组合、路基与排水等方面提出建设永久性农村公路的设想。

  18. Investigation of risk factors to coronary heart disease in two countryside villages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gisleine Elisa Cavalcante da Silva

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors to coronary heart disease in two countryside villages in the State of Paraná, southern Brazil, typical in terms of the poverty and lack of access to public health care. All population was invited to participate in the study. The 462 volunteers (61.3% female, mean age = 42 years showed high prevalence of hypercholesterolemia (7.0%, hypertriglyceridemia (19.0%, hyperglycemia (11.0%, hypertension (30.0% and obesity (16.0%. The majority of the individuals, during the interview did not report the diseases detected by the testes. The results revealed that the high prevalence of hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, obesity, hypertension and diabetes mellitus could be consequence of the delayed detection of these diseases or inadequate treatment after diagnostic.O objetivo do presente estudo foi investigar os fatores de risco para doenças coronarianas em uma região pobre do Noroeste do Estado do Paraná - Brasil, onde o acesso a cuidados de saúde pública é deficiente.Toda a população foi convidada a participar do estudo, sendo que a população efetivamente estudada foi de 462 indivíduos, onde a maioria era mulheres (61,3% com idade média de 42 anos. Os voluntários mostraram alta prevalência de hipercolesterolemia (7%, hipertrigliceridemia (19%, hiperglicemia (11%, hipertensão (30% e obesidade (16%. Foi realizada uma entrevista com cada participante do estudo, onde a maioria declarou não ter conhecimento sobre as doenças detectadas. Os resultados obtidos através dos exames laboratoriais e entrevistas mostraram que a alta prevalência de hiperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, hipertensão e obesidade resultam da detecção tardia dessas doenças ou de tratamento inadequado após o diagnóstico.

  19. Rules of political communication in the pre-war Soviet countryside

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Merl

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The author aims to debunk the Soviet official myth of local administration as being weak and not functioning effectively. The Soviet regime could not function in the way it pretended to, and the official picture of the economy was far from the reality though played a central role in the political discourse for the aims of legitimacy. The command economy actually functioned as a symbiosis of commands and threats ‘from above’ and corrupt practices of the majority of people including officials. However, this symbiosis worked quite successfully in industry ensuring impressive rates of growth, but not in agriculture and rural areas. Certainly, the kolkhoz system also combined severe control and treats with tolerance to corrupt practices condemned in the official slogans so as to save people from starvation. However, in the countryside the myth that rural administration was weak and wrongdoing proved to be the strongest basis of the regime for it corresponded to the firm conviction of rural people and traditional expectations that Stalin would pursue the paternalist rule as a “good tsar” by punishing local officials (as scapegoats and by removing them from office (after blaming them for regime’s shortcomings as incompetent managers. To keep people from protests und rebellions the rural officials’ task was not only to use force and intimidation during the campaigns, but also to look away allowing the kolkhozniki from time to time to betray the state as compensation. Thus, the Soviet rural administration fulfilled its functions set by the regime, such as ensuring political communication for the aims of the faith in the legitimacy of the political rule. The author also considers a vertical channel of communication between the people and the regime - petitions to the ruler. Soviet people were encouraged to write letters including complaints to “bargain” personal dissatisfaction. Soviet peasants considered such a communication as a

  20. National-scale vegetation change across Britain; an analysis of sample-based surveillance data from the Countryside Surveys of 1990 and 1998

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smart, S.M.; Clarke, R.T.; Poll, van de H.M.; Robertson, E.J.; Shield, E.R.; Bunce, R.G.H.; Maskell, L.C.

    2003-01-01

    Patterns of vegetation across Great Britain (GB) between 1990 and 1998 were quantified based on an analysis of plant species data from a total of 9596 fixed plots. Plots were established on a stratified random basis within 501 1 km sample squares located as part of the Countryside Survey of GB. Resu

  1. Conservative management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruis, W; Leifeld, L; Pfützer, R

    2012-01-01

    Treatment of diverticulitis comprises at least two options: conservative or surgical management. There is a recent trend to limit surgical treatment of acute diverticulitis and to favor conservative management. This review addresses general aspects of conservative patient care with special focus on the treatment of patients with a first attack of diverticulitis. The presentation does not include a discussion of specific drugs which is given in other sections of this issue.

  2. [Analysis on the iron deficiency and the rate of anemia of 3-11 year old children in 7 cities and 2 countryside in China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Defu; Zhang, Yumei; You, Lili; Tuo, Ya; Sheng, Qinghai; Wang, Peiyu

    2014-03-01

    To investigate the status of iron deficiency and the rate of anemia of 3 - 11 year-old children in Chinese cities and countryside and explore the possible related influencing factors. The multistage stratified cluster random sampling was used to select one kindergarten and one primary school in seven cities (Beijing, Shenyang, Suzhou, Zhengzhou, Chengdu, Lenzhou and Guangzhou) and two countryside randomly in Hebei Province one bottom class, middle class, top class in one kindergarten and one second grade and fifth grade in one primary school were selected randomly. All of the healthful students of these classes were investigated and the element iron and the parameters of red blood cell were detected. 1863 students in 7 cities and 2 countryside were investigated in the research. The incidence of iron deficiency of different ages had statistical significance and with the age increasing, the incidence showed a decreasing trend. The incidences of iron deficiency were 47.1% and 38.2% in 3 -4 year-old children and 4 - 5 year-old children, respectively. The incidence of anemia of different ages had statistical significance. The incidences of anemia of 3 - 4 year-old children and 4 -5 year-old children were significantly higher than those of 5 - 6 year-old children. The incidences of anemia were 4.0% and 7.1% in 3 - 4 year-old children and 4 -5 year-old children, respectively. No statistical significance for different sex of the same age was found for iron deficiency and anemia incidence. The incidence (12%) of anemia of the children in countryside area was significantly higher than those in first-tier cities and second-tier cities. The status of iron deficiency and the rate of anemia of 3 - 11 year-old children in Chinese cities and countryside were improved recently, but still serious. It should be paid more attention to the children with lower serum iron content and the children in rural areas.

  3. THE INFLUENCE OF TELEVISION ON REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE COUNTRYSIDE OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF PALMAS – TOCANTINS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alice Agnes Spíndola Mota

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Analyzing the rural origin of Brazil and considering the accelerated process of urbanization of the last decades, this article seeks to analyze and compare the social developments arising from TV insertion in peasantry, as well as its influence on children and young people‟s audience. The case study applied to the countryside of Palmas – Tocantins is aimed to observe the consequences of television insertion in the peasant life and also, consider possible changes that this communication vehicle provides to the culture, economy and social relationships through its influence on children. While researching TV insertion in rural daily life, it is possible to see the influence of this communication media, as well as the extension of the urbanized and capitalist global reality on the local reality of peasant family. Without ignoring the benefits provided by the television in rural areas, this work notes the social consequences resulting from the insertion of this means of communication in peasantry.

  4. Desenvolvimento e testes de uma semeadora-adubadora modular para pequenas propriedades rurais Development and test of a modular seeder - fertilizer for small countryside properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas Arend

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho apresenta o desenvolvimento e testes de campo de equipamento agrícola modular. Para o desenvolvimento do equipamento, foi utilizada metodologia de projeto para sistemas modulares. O objetivo principal foi desenvolver um sistema modular que contribuísse para melhorar o atual quadro de mecanização agrícola da pequena propriedade rural, enfocando alguns dos equipamentos destinados às atividades conservacionistas de cultivo. Por ser modular, o equipamento atende às funções de semear-adubar, escarificar e sulcar o solo. Para a função semear-adubar, podem ser usados cinzéis e disco duplo para a semeadura; já para as funções de escarificação e sulcagem, podem ser usadas ferramentas específicas, facilmente intercambiadas em um chassi tubular principal. Os resultados para solo argiloso (Typic Oxisols, com umidade em torno de 20,5% e massa seca de 11,5 t ha-1 para a variante semeadora-adubadora com duplo cinzel, foram satisfatórios com relação aos parâmetros de patinagem das rodas motoras, regularidade de distribuição em profundidade, cobertura das sementes, distribuição longitudinal das sementes e emergência de plantas.This work presents the development and field tests of a modular agricultural implement. A Modular Design Product methodology was used for the implement development, and the main objective was the development of a modular system to improve the actual situation of mechanization on small countryside properties. The development focus was kept on some implements for conservative cultivation. For its modularity, the implement developed attained the functions of seeding - fertilizing, scarification and furrowing the soil. For the function of seeding-fertilizing can be used either narrow chisels or double disc, for the furrowing function a specific tool can be used. The main tubular chassis allowed an easily interchangeability between both functions (seed-season and furrow-season. The results for Typical

  5. Reshaping conservation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Funder, Mikkel; Danielsen, Finn; Ngaga, Yonika

    2013-01-01

    members strengthen the monitoring practices to their advantage, and to some extent move them beyond the reach of government agencies and conservation and development practitioners. This has led to outcomes that are of greater social and strategic value to communities than the original 'planned' benefits......, although the monitoring scheme has also to some extent become dominated by local 'conservation elites' who negotiate the terrain between the state and other community members. Our findings suggest that we need to move beyond simplistic assumptions of community strategies and incentives in participatory...... conservation and allow for more adaptive and politically explicit governance spaces in protected area management....

  6. Study on Construction Mode of Beijing Beautiful Countryside%北京美丽乡村建设模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄薇; 史亚军

    2015-01-01

    作为北京市深化社会主义新农村建设和推进生态文明建设的新载体、新工程,美丽乡村建设是统筹城乡发展、建设社会主义新农村实践的又一次重大创新。在全市范围内,全面推进和落实美丽乡村建设是北京市全面提升村庄整治、新社区建设、农房改造和农村生态环境建设水平的内在要求。文章简述了美丽乡村的内涵,在实地考察北京市16个区县的美丽乡村建设情况的基础上,概述了北京美丽乡村的发展现状,综合分析了北京美丽乡村建设五大模式:产业发展型模式、生态保护型模式、城郊集约型模式、文化传承型模式和休闲旅游型模式,并提出了北京市美丽乡村建设模式的未来发展方向:个性化、差异化、地域化和品牌化,更注重文化内涵建设和产业化水平提升。%As a new project to deepen the construction of the socialist countryside and promote the ecological civilization in Beijing, the beautiful countryside construction is a major innovation to balance urban and rural development and build a new socialist countryside. Comprehensively promoting and implementing the beautiful countryside construction were the inherent requirements to enhance village renovation, build a new community, reconstruct rural housing and construct rural ecological environment in Beijing. On the basis of spot investigation on the construction of the beautiful countryside in 16 districts and counties in Beijing, this paper firstly outlined the connotation of beautiful countryside and gave an overview of the current development of the beautiful countryside construction in Beijing. Then the author comprehensively analyzed five modes of the construction of the beautiful countryside in Beijing which were industrial development mode, ecological protection mode, suburban intensive mode, cultural heritage mode and leisure and tourism mode. At last, this paper proposed that future

  7. Wildlife Conservation

    OpenAIRE

    Clive L. Spash; Aldred, Jonathan

    1998-01-01

    In this paper we consider how conservation has arisen as a key aspect of the reaction to human-initiated degradation and disappearance of ecosystems, wild lands. and wildlife. Concern over species extinction is given an historical perspective which shows the way in which pressure on wild and natural aspects of global ecology have changed in recent centuries. The role of conservation in the struggle to protect the environment is then analysed using underlying ethical arguments behind the econo...

  8. Morphological functional and psychological indicators of 11-12 yrs age boys’ (members of preparatory special health groups of urban and countryside schools development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamozhanskaya G.V.

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: determination of anthropometrical and somatic indicators and factors of school anxiety of 11-12 yrs age boys - members of special health groups at urban and countryside schools. Material: in researches 50 boys of 11-12 years age participated. Results: the author determined difference between morphological-functional indicators and kinds of boys’ diseases. Besides, attendance of physical culture classes in respect to other subjects was analyzed. Comparative factors of children’s school anxiety were outlined. Schoolboys from countryside are more anxious about opinion of peers about themselves. Conclusions: boys’ morphological-functional indicators shall be considered as factor of determination and revelation of defects in harmonious development in system of physical education. Attention should be paid to different kinds of diseases and anxiety among boys of preparatory group.

  9. Exploration of Priority Strategies for Harmonious Development between Urbanization and the Construction of New Countryside in China Based on the Theory of Unbalanced Growth

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Based on the theory of unbalanced growth,we analyze priority strategy of different regions in China.It is prior to enhance the quality of urbanization in the East,make a long-term planning for construction of small towns,focus on harmony between human and nature,so as to realize its development to integrate with international urbanization level.For the middle areas,urbanization and construction of new countryside should be developed simultaneously,take a road of interactive development of urban and rural areas,finally to raise the level of urbanization.As to the western areas,it is required to firstly build new countryside,focus on construction of infrastructural facilities,adjust and optimize structure of agricultural production,and push forward the agricultural industrialization.

  10. Conservation endocrinology

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCormick, Stephen; Romero, Michael

    2017-01-01

    Endocrinologists can make significant contributions to conservation biology by helping to understand the mechanisms by which organisms cope with changing environments. Field endocrine techniques have advanced rapidly in recent years and can provide substantial information on the growth, stress, and reproductive status of individual animals, thereby providing insight into current and future responses of populations to changes in the environment. Environmental stressors and reproductive status can be detected nonlethally by measuring a number of endocrine-related endpoints, including steroids in plasma, living and nonliving tissue, urine, and feces. Information on the environmental or endocrine requirements of individual species for normal growth, development, and reproduction will provide critical information for species and ecosystem conservation. For many taxa, basic information on endocrinology is lacking, and advances in conservation endocrinology will require approaches that are both “basic” and “applied” and include integration of laboratory and field approaches.

  11. Reflection Oil medical personnel training in the countryside of Beijing%首都农村医药卫生人才培养的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞文云; 线福华; 韩飞舟; 吕兆丰

    2007-01-01

    农村卫生工作直接关系到农民群众的身体健康,关系到农村经济的发展和社会的稳定.本文对首都农村医药卫生人才的现状及存在的主要问题进行了分析,指出高素质医药卫生人才的匮乏是制约农村卫生工作发展的主要因素,并在对农村医药卫生人才的现状及培养等方面的研究概况进行综述和分析的基础上,从教育条件建设、学历教育模式及毕业后教育和继续教育模式等几个方面探索了首都农村医药卫生人才培养的新思路.%The health-care work in the countryside is directly related to the peasants'health,and to the agricultural economic development and social stability.In this paper,the present situation of medical personnel in the countryside around the capital and their existing problems have been analyzed.It also points out that lack of high quality medical personnel is the key factor.Based on the introduction and analysis of the present situation as well as training of the medical personnel in the countryside,the authors have proposed new ideas for how to cultivate the medical personnel for countryside around Beijing from several aspects,such as the development of educational condition,school education,postgraduate education and continuing education.

  12. Colorful Conservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skophammer, Karen

    2011-01-01

    Some people only think about conservation on Earth Day. Being in the "art business" however, this author is always conscious of the many products she thinks get wasted when they could be reused, recycled, and restored--especially in a school building and art room. In this article, she describes an art lesson that allows students to paint…

  13. [Conservation Units.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Texas Education Agency, Austin.

    Each of the six instructional units deals with one aspect of conservation: forests, water, rangeland, minerals (petroleum), and soil. The area of the elementary school curriculum with which each correlates is indicated. Lists of general and specific objectives are followed by suggested teaching procedures, including ideas for introducing the…

  14. [Conservation Units.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Texas Education Agency, Austin.

    Instructional units deal with each aspect of conservation: forests, wildlife, rangelands, water, minerals, and soil. The area of the secondary school curriculum with which each is correlated is indicated. Lists of general and specific objectives are followed by suggested teaching procedures, including ideas for introducing the topic, questions to…

  15. Habitat monitoring in the wider countryside: a case study on the pursuit of innovation in red deer management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maffey, Georgina; Reed, Mark; Irvine, R Justin; van der Wal, René

    2013-10-15

    Policy frameworks for protected areas, such as the EU habitats directive, ensure that environmental monitoring takes place to assess the condition of these sites. However, this monitoring rarely extends to the wider countryside, and there is no obligation for private landowners to detect trends in habitat condition. Using the diffusion of innovations model as an analytical framework we conducted a series of semi-structured interviews to consider the uptake of habitat impact assessment methods throughout a community involved in private land use pursuits in Scotland. It was found that although the community as a whole recognises the benefits of habitat impact assessments there are a number of barriers to their uptake, including the complexity of data gathering and interpretation, and uncertainty around who should be responsible for the conduct of assessments. Analysing the uptake of an innovation at an early stage, rather than retrospectively as is commonly done, highlights the potential for non-adoption and could therefore inform the reinvention of the innovation. In this instance reinvention could lead to more appropriate monitoring methods, which, if taken up, could reduce the need for legislative intervention in situations where both public and private interests need to be considered.

  16. Wind power in the open countryside, forests, mountains and seas; Vindkraft i oeppet landskap, skog, fjaell och hav

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Waldo, Aasa [Sociologiska inst,, Lunds Univ., Lund (Sweden); Ek, Kristina [Inst. foer Ekonomi, teknik och samhaelle, Luleaa Tekniska Univ., Luleaa (Sweden); Johansson, Maria [Miljoepsykologi, Institutionen foer Arkitektur och byggd miljoe, Lunds Univ., Lund (Sweden); Persson, Lars [Inst. foer Nationalekonomi, Umeaa Univ., Umeaa (Sweden)

    2013-01-15

    There is a support for the development of wind power. Meanwhile, there is uncertainty about how the landscape and the local values will be affected. Of the environments forests, mountains, open countryside and the sea, you can not point to any that would be suitable in particular for wind power. To find the right places, it is necessary to weigh the various factors. The report describes local conditions that are important for anchoring of wind power projects. It is about how people use the environment, what qualities they perceive as valuable, and how wind power project can be coordinated with other interests. It is about how people use the environment, what qualities they perceive as valuable, and how wind power project can be coordinated with other interests. Research also shows that people demand facts about wind power project's benefits and costs, both environmentally and economically. Also the ownership of wind turbines is important for attitude to planned wind power projects. The report is based on surveys and interview studies undertaken by an interdisciplinary research team in the areas of economics, environmental psychology and sociology. These studies underline the importance of dialogue and participation for all who feel concerned by a wind power establishment.

  17. Mediatization, Spatial Coherence and Social Sustainability The Role of Digital Media Networks in a Swedish Countryside Community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Jansson

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available What does the implementation of new communication networks mean for the spa-tial coherence and social sustainability of rural communities? This paper takes its key from Wittel’s discussion of network sociality, understood as the opposite of Gemeinschaft. Wittel’s argument may inform our understanding of how commu-nicative patterns in rural communities are partly re-embedded through ongoing media transitions. But it must also be problematized. Relating Wittel’s discussion to Halfacree’s model of spatial coherence and Urry’s notion of network capital, as well as to findings from an ethnographic study in a Swedish countryside commu-nity, a more complex view is presented. It is argued that global communication networks under rural conditions contribute to the integration and sustainability of the community, as much as to processes of expansion and differentiation. The results show that network sociality and community constitute interdependent con-cepts. Through their capacity of linking people to external realms of interest, while simultaneously reinforcing their sense of belonging in the local community, online media promote ontological security at the individual level, thus operating as a social stabilizer.

  18. Approach Choice and Innovative Model Design of Grass-root Agricultural Technology Promotion under the View of New Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduces the approach types of agricultural technology promotion we can choose in the process of new countryside construction, and there are mainly 6 types, namely government-domination-oriented approach, market-development-oriented approach, university (scientific research institution)-education-oriented approach, farmers’ participation-oriented approach, direct-training-oriented approach and individual-service-oriented approach, including 20 models. The problems existing in the grass-root agricultural technology promotion in the process of new village construction are analyzed as follows: the awareness of innovation is not strong; scientific research, education, and promotion are disjointed; the construction of specific work system lags behind; the structure of promotion team is irrational, and the quality of promotion personnel is yet to be promoted; the cultural quality of farmers is low, and the cooperative organizations are not sound; the working conditions are poor, and the basic security is inadequate; the investment channel is simple and the supply amount is badly short; the methods of agricultural technology promotion do not adapt to the requirements of new situation. According to the characteristics and internal requirements of grass-root agricultural technology promotion, we creatively design an overall working model, and put forward new measures from objective of grass-root agricultural technology promotion, service object, service content, organization work and scope, method, role of agricultural technology personnel and so on.

  19. Hypertension and diabetes-related morbidity and mortality trends in a municipality in the countryside of São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreia Francesli Negri Reis

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: to identify the main causes for hospital admissions and deaths related to systemic arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus (DM, and to analyze morbidity and mortality trends, in a municipality in São Paulo's countryside, by comparing two three-years periods, 2002 to 2004 and 2010 to 2012. Methods: cross-sectional study which used secondary data regarding deaths from the Information System on Mortality and concerning hospital admissions from the DataSus Hospital Information System. Univariate and multivariate statistical analyses were conducted. Results: from 2002 to 2012, 325,439 people were admitted to hospitals, 14.7% of them due to circulatory system diseases (CSD and 0.7% due to DM. The deaths distributed as the following: 29,027 deaths (31.5% were due to CSD; 8.06% due to cerebrovascular diseases (CVD; and 2.75% due to DM. There was a significant association between admittance and death causes and patients' gender and age in the three-year periods (p<0.001. The highest lethality in hospital admissions was found to be due to CVD (10%. That trend showed that mortality rates dropped, younger patients were admitted due to DM, and older patients were admitted due to CVD - they were more often females. Conclusion: the main causes for hospital admissions were the CSDs; main mortality causes were the CVDs in hypertensive and diabetic women. Those findings can back public policies which prioritize the promotion of health.

  20. Organization of Time in the Chinese Countryside: Labor, Rhythms and Gender in the Later Maoist Period (1958-1978

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vesna Vučinić-Nešković

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the question of how the state policies during the later Maoist period, from the beginning of the Great Leap Forward (1958 to the introduction of the Modernization Reforms (1978, affected the organization of time in the Chinese countryside. After abandoning the initial Soviet model of modernization, based on the exclusive strengthening of heavy industry, the China’s leadership developed a strategy of parallel development of agriculture and industry, wherein the former would additionally support the modernization of the latter. The study is focused on the ways the longer term state plans and shorter term economic, social and ideological policies and campaigns jointly influenced the rhythms of life of Chinese peasants. The domains in which these influences became visible were: (1 the intensification of agricultural practices, (2 the introducing of the small-scale industry, and (3 the politicizing of the spare time. In the analysis the characteristic rhythms of work and rest within the daily, weekly, seasonal, and annual time spans are followed in detail.

  1. Heron conservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kushlan, J.A.; Hafner, H.

    2000-01-01

    Herons are large, popular and, in many cases, spectacular birds found in wetlands world-wide, both tropical and temperate, natural and man-made. Some populations are very small and localized, some have decreased, some have expanded their ranges, and a few are pests of human activities. In the fifteen years since the publication of the latest monographic treatment of the family, The Herons Handbook, there has been a tremendous increase in our knowledge of heron status and conservation requirements, set against a backdrop of increasing concern about the future of the world?s wetland habitats. This book provides a comprehensive update following two distinct threads. The status and conservation needs of herons are first presented on a regional basis, in a series of chapters set at a continental or subcontinental scale. Over 200 biologists and heron conservationists have contributed to the data summarized here, and the very latest census and survey results provide the most up-to-date and detailed picture of heron populations currently available. Chapters discussing several critical issues in heron conservation follow, tending to focus on the international nature of the problems.

  2. Reconciling nature conservation and traditional farming practices: a spatially explicit framework to assess the extent of High Nature Value farmlands in the European countryside

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Araujo Rodrigues Lomba, de Angela; Alves, Paulo; Jongman, R.H.G.; McCracken, D.

    2015-01-01

    Agriculture constitutes a dominant land cover worldwide, and rural landscapes
    under extensive farming practices acknowledged due to high biodiversity
    levels. The High Nature Value farmland (HNVf) concept has been
    highlighted in the EU environmental and rural policies due to their inheren

  3. Essential and organizational transformations of economy management in the countryside as the basis of sustainable rural development in Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.I. Strochenko

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. Despite the fact that agricultural producers significantly improve their economic activity in these latter days, rural areas in Ukraine are still on the downward path. This indicates the necessity to create responsible and effective economy management system in the countryside as organizational basis of sustainable rural development. Thus the article is aimed to determine the nature and directions of transformational changes of management practices in rural areas of Ukraine. Economy management way is considered as an integrating element of the bases and factors of sustainable rural development triad «nature – society – economy». The results of the analysis. There are analyzed the structure of the agricultural production sector in Ukraine and indicators of the wellbeing of households in rural and urban settlements. It is found that although personal farms appear as the main producers of certain agricultural products in Ukraine, they are excluded from the processes of the local area and community development. It gives accent to the need for essential and organizational transformations of the countryside economy management. It is proposed that personal farm should cover only own needs for food and related products, as a form of production organization without entrepreneur status. The provision of any services and products to external consumers (especially tourism and sales of agrifood products should be considered in a plane of business and lead to the need to commission relevant legally significant actions such as: registration as a business entity or legal person as prescribed by law as well as the taxpayer under the tax Code of Ukraine. State policy should be based on the need for a system of stimulating business development instruments to ensure the implementation of these changes. These tools include, namely: promoting access to the public procurement market for local producers and manufacturers of organic

  4. ORGANIZATIONAL, LEGAL, MEDICAL AND PHARMACEUTICAL APPROACHES TO OPTIMIZATION OF MEDICINES’ CIRCULATION FOR HYPERTONIA TREATMENT IN COUNTRYSIDE AREAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shapovalova V.O.

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Parliaments of both Ukraine and the EU have ratified Association Agreement (hereinafter – Agreement, a comprehensive document which envisages bringing all areas of the law of our country in line with European Union norms. Therefore, chapter 22 of the Agreement "Public Health" gave attention as one of the most important areas of implementation. That is, the need for introduction in Ukraine of the approach, called "Health in all policy areas” provides consider of the interests of public healthcare in approving of political solutions in any area of the state activities. The organizational, medical and pharmaceutical approaches to optimization of the medicines’ circulation is the improvement of the legal system of regulation of prescription and OTC medicines (drugs, determination of the circulation of drugs of different classification and legal groups, assigning drugs to one of nomenclature and legal groups (prescription or non-prescription. Materials and methods. Forensic and pharmaceutical researches conducted in countryside areas at the regional level on example of the Kharkiv region based on 54 communal health institutions (CHI. Materials of the research: legal framework for the organization of pharmacy of the CHI; forensic and pharmaceutical practice for the period of 2012-2015 concerning the provision with the medicines of all legal, nomenclature and classification groups for the pharmacotherapy of hypertension in the village. In conducting the research, we used the following methods: legal, documentary, comparative analysis, forensic and pharmaceutical monitoring. Results and discussion. According to the Statement of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine from 17.08.1998 N1303 was sorted the procedure of the concessional dispensing of the drugs (for free or at 50% discount. The procedure applies to certain categories of the population and some diseases for which benefits established by applicable law. Despite the potential of

  5. 我国农村残疾人社会保障问题研究%The Study on Social Security System of Chinese Countryside Disabled People

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪璐蒙

    2014-01-01

    社会保障体系是确保社会公平、维护社会稳定的一个重要手段。相比城镇残疾人,农村残疾人具有残疾人和农村人的双重属性,他们所能获取的社会资源极少,而且生活水平远不及城镇残疾人。在对相关文献梳理的基础上,分析研究农村残疾人社会保障问题的必要性和紧迫性,进而比较系统地剖析我国农村残疾人社会保障方面所取得的成绩、存在的问题以及成因,结合实际情况,提出完善我国农村残疾人社会保障制度的对策和建议,对于维护社会稳定具有十分重要的意义。%Social security system , as an important tool , plays a considerable role in ensuring social justice and maintaining social sta-bility.Relative to the general disabled people , countryside disabled people has a dual properties of rural people and disabled people . They can get few social resources and have a poor living standard compared to the urban disabled people .Based on the analyses on a large number of documents , this paper reveals that it is significant and urgent to discuss social security system of countryside disabled people.Then, this paper analyzes the achievements , problems and causes of social security system of Chinese countryside disabled people.At last, by combining with the current conditions in China , this paper puts forward some development measures and sugges-tions in order to perfect the social security system of Chinese countryside disabled people .

  6. Ecologies of Scale: Multifunctionality Connects Conservation and Agriculture across Fields, Farms, and Landscapes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Devan Allen McGranahan

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Agroecology and landscape ecology are two land-use sciences based on ecological principles, but have historically focused on fine and broad spatial scales, respectively. As global demand for food strains current resources and threatens biodiversity conservation, concepts such as multifunctional landscapes and ecologically-analogous agroecosystems integrate ecological concepts across multiple spatial scales. This paper reviews ecological principles behind several concepts crucial to the reconciliation of food production and biodiversity conservation, including relationships between biodiversity and ecosystem functions such as productivity and stability; insect pest and pollinator management; integrated crop and livestock systems; countryside biogeography and heterogeneity-based rangeland management. Ecological principles are integrated across three spatial scales: fields, farms, and landscapes.

  7. Analysis of the Main Features of the New Countryside Moral Construction%新农村道德建设主体特征论析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丁鑫

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduces the characteristics of government, rural social organization and farmers serving as the leader, auxiliary and practitioner of new countryside moral construction. In addition, it is pointed out that the mutual relation, obligation division and moral construction duty of three main bodies should take respect and dig each others' features as premises so as to realize the compensation of advantages and disadvantages and overall coordination and ensure the feasibility of new countryside moral construction.%论述了政府、农村社会组织和农民分别作为新农村道德建设的领导主体、辅助主体和实践主体的特征,表明3类主体间的相互关系、责权划分和承担的道德建设责任必须以尊重和挖掘各自的特性为前提,才能实现优势互补、整体协同,保障新农村道德建设的实效性.

  8. Thirty Years in the Western Countryside after ‘World of Plainness’%《平凡的世界》后的西部农村30年

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张天潘

    2015-01-01

    World of Plainness′, since it won the Maodun Literature Prize to today′s TV Serial Play′s booming broadcasting, articles researching and remarking plot summary are increasingly e-merging on newspapers and journals. Yet comments on countryside reform and variation of western countryside proved significant and worthy of consideration, which is what historical and social im-plication that really account.%从矛盾文学奖《平凡的世界》改编剧再次热播,研究点评剧情、人物的文章纷纷见报,但对农村改革以及西部农村变化的研究点评,确实很有现实意义,值得深思和借鉴。这也是一部巨著和改变后热播的历史和社会现实意义所在。

  9. Study on the comparison of consumption pattern about Fujian countryside residents%福建农村居民消费结构比较分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张小超

    2011-01-01

    According to the correlation data about income and the consumption expenditure about Fujian countryside residents from 2000 to 2009,we divide the consumption expenditure of the countryside resident into food,attire,housing,family equipment,thing and servi%根据福建农村居民2000~2009年收入和消费支出相关数据,把农村居民消费支出分为食品、衣着、居住、家庭设备、用品及服务、医疗保健、交通和通讯、文教娱乐用品及服务、其他商品和服务等消费支出,从纵向变化上、不同设区市间、不同收入群体、城乡家庭间比较分析福建农村居民消费结构的特点。

  10. The Structural Factors of the Countryside Interpersonal Relationship and Their Changes%农村人际关系的结构性要素及其变迁

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    With the social transformation from tradition to modern, the traditional interpersonal structures are recombined, so the blood consciousness and ethical constraint of the countryside traditional relationship tends to weakening, and interests component of it gradually are prominent. However, the nature of differential and the rules of “renqing” of the countryside interpersonal relationship don’t change fundamentally, which still is the structural rules of interpersonal interaction.%随着从传统到现代的社会转型,农村人际关系结构发生重组,致使重视伦理、强调血缘、轻视利益的农村传统人际关系,形成利益日益凸显、血缘意识淡化、伦理约束弱化的趋势。但农村人际关系的差序本质和“人情”规则没有根本变化,仍是制约农村人际交往的结构规范。

  11. DEVELOPING THE NEW COUNTRYSIDE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Dazhai, a mountainous village in north China's Shanxi Province, was an example of China's rural development model under the highly centralized, planned economy in the 1960s-70s. It slid into a lackluster period in the early 1980s after the market economy began to gain ground in China. The resurgence is painstaking but remarkable amid local people's unremitting efforts to develop industry and tourism. The village is now at a moderate development level among counterparts nationwide, according to official s...

  12. The Shareable Countryside

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gyimóthy, Szilvia; Meged, Jane Widtfeldt

    This paper aims at substantiating and problematizing communitarian business models in a rural tourism context. It is claimed that the collaborative economy yields resilient communities, revitalizes neighbourhoods and reconfigurates the beaten track (addressing the new tourist preferences for auth......This paper aims at substantiating and problematizing communitarian business models in a rural tourism context. It is claimed that the collaborative economy yields resilient communities, revitalizes neighbourhoods and reconfigurates the beaten track (addressing the new tourist preferences...... rural context. As such, we address the question: What are the preconditions, network effects and scaleability potential of global, market mediated collaborative business models for Danish rural communities? The empirical data collection is based on a qualitative, explorative case study of a Danish...

  13. Marxism, Countryside and Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Bezerra Neto

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The struggle of the peasant for access to land is known to us, however, in this work we are willing to reflect on the historical process that culminated in this situation, from Marxist readings. Thus, the list just Marxism, and education as ideological apparatus in favor of the capitalist state. Here we discuss the process of primitive accumulation, which drove the field’s man forced to sell their labor power in large industrial cities, leading to a new social order imposed by capital. To maintain this order, the bourgeoisie has launched and resorting to various tricks, including laws, which prevented during the period of primitive accumulation, the return to the field, labor laws, which have been modified and has been throughout history and remain in force and education, that figure, so far as the state ideological apparatus that causes individuals to see their integration into the process of capitalist exploitation as something natural.

  14. Thinkings on Hunan Agricultural Higher Vocational Education from the Perspective of Constructing Beautiful Countryside%美丽乡村建设视角下的湖南农业高职教育思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    楚琼湘; 单武雄; 朱巽

    2013-01-01

    The construction of beautiful countryside is an important part of "Four-modernization and Two-oriented"strategy in Hunan. As the major force of cultivating builders of beautiful countryside, Hunan agricultural higher vocational education should initiatively adapt the construction of beautiful countryside, make a clear orientation, reform the talents cultivation model, deepen the major reformation and curriculum system reformation, proactively concern students' career development and foster beautiful countryside builders with high qualities, so as to increase the attraction of Hunan agricultural higher vocational education.%美丽乡村建设是湖南“四化两型”战略的重要内容,作为培养美丽乡村建设者的主要力量,湖南农业高职教育应主动适应美丽乡村建设,明确湖南农业高职教育定位;改革人才培养模式,深化专业改革和课程体系改革;主动关注学生的职业发展,培养高素质的美丽乡村建设接班人,增强湖南农业高职教育的吸引力。

  15. An Investigation on the Perceived Quality of the Home Appliances Based on the Policy of Home Appliances to the Countryside%家电下乡产品感知质量的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温德成; 傅田; 张亚竞; 孙中瑞; 孙得友

    2014-01-01

    为全面了解顾客对家电下乡产品质量的感知水平,对山东、河南和重庆三地的家电下乡产品进行了入户访谈调查。分析了顾客对家电下乡各主要类别产品整体质量和各主要品牌的关键质量特性的感知水平。结果显示农村顾客对家电下乡产品的总体质量是比较满意的,价格有补贴与质量有保障是农村顾客购买下乡产品的主要因素。%In order to see the customer's perceived quality based on the policy of Sending Home Appliances to the Countryside,this paper investigates countryside customers by household survey, and analyzes the perceived quality levels of the main types of home appliances,as well as the perceived quality levels of the main different brands.It is found that the whole countryside customers'perceived quality is rather good,and the price subsidy and good quality are the two main factors to promote the countryside customer to buy the home appliances.

  16. The Changes of Chinese Countryside Culture on the Background of Cultural Globalization%文化全球化背景下中国乡土文化的嬗变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱德琳

    2014-01-01

    中国乡土文化源远流长,是中国文化永恒的主题,其发展创新对于现代文化体系的构建具有重大意义。在文化全球化背景下,中国乡土文化既要吸纳多元文化中对乡土文化发展有用的精华,又要强化乡土文化的精神价值,使乡土文化在与外来文化的交流融合中获得发展机遇。%The Chinese countryside culture has a long history, is the eternal theme in Chinese culture. Its development and innovation play an important role in the construction of modern culture system. Under the background of cultural globalization, the Chinese countryside culture should not only absorb the essence of multi- culture, which would be useful for culture development, but also and strengthen the spiritual value of countryside culture. This will make opportunities for countryside culture in cultural exchanges with foreign culture.

  17. Influence of loneliness on the health of countryside left-behind women%孤独感对农村留守妇女健康状况的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽娜; 崔向军; 赵茜茜; 王莹; 张郢; 陈晓美; 郭鑫; 曹丹; 苑杰

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨孤独感对农村留守妇女健康状况的影响.方法 采用自测健康评定量表和UCLA孤独量表对河北省某地区的330名农村留守妇女进行问卷调查.结果 ①农村留守妇女在健康总体自测上低于理论中值的人数为36人,总检出率为11.88%.②留守妇女孤独感总分与睡眠质量(F=6.593,P< 0.001)、锻炼时间(F=4.831,P< 0.01)差异有统计学意义.③农村留守妇女孤独感与自测生理健康、自测心理健康、自测社会健康以及健康总体自测均呈显著负相关(P<0.001);农村留守妇女年龄与自测生理健康、自测心理健康、健康总体自测呈显著负相关(P<0.01).④孤独感对自测健康状况具有预测作用.结论 农村留守妇女健康总体自测水平偏低;睡眠质量、锻炼时间对农村留守妇女的孤独感有影响;留守妇女的孤独感越高,自测健康状况越差;应积极关注农村留守妇女,提高其身心健康水平.%OBJECTIVE To explore the influence of loneliness on the state of health of countryside left-behind women. METHODS Questionnaire about Self - rated Health Measurement Scale Bersion 1.0, SRHMS and UCLA Loneness Scale were carried out on 330 countryside left-behind women. RESULTS ① There were 36 countryside left-behind women with lower overall health self-test score than the median value of population and the total detection rate was 11.88% ②The loneliness of countryside left-behind women had a statistical significance with sleep quality (F = 6.593, P< 0.001) and exercise time (F = 4.831, P< 0.01). ③There was a remarkable negative correlation between loneliness and self-test physiological health, self-test psychological health, self-test society health as well as overall health self-test (P< 0.001); There was a remarkable negative correlation between age among self-test physiological health, self-test psychological health as well as overall health self-test (P < 0.01). ④Loneliness had

  18. Space Production Based Southern Jiangsu Province Countryside Space Transition%基于空间生产的苏南乡村空间转型及规划应对

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王勇; 李广斌; 王传海

    2012-01-01

    Based on new Marxist space production theory, space production is the essential force of southern Jiangsu countryside space transition. Based on different forces of space production, southern Jiangsu countryside space transition can be divided into countryside dominance, market driven, and government dominance phases. The transition force has shifted from industrial space production to residential space production. With respect to multiple crises of southern Jiangsu countryside space transition, planning should be based on human scale, design space, and democratic approach, for countryside space self governance, and lower negative influence.%基于新马克思主义空间生产理论,对改革开放以来苏南乡村空间转型驱动机制进行剖析可知,空间生产是推动苏南乡村空间转型的根本动力.根据空间生产的动力,将苏南乡村空间转型划分为乡村自主、市场推动和政府主导三个阶段.而乡村空间生产的内容也由“工业空间生产”向“居住空间生产”转变.针对苏南乡村空间转型面临的多重危机,规划应以“人”的尺度审视、设计空间,并以民主形式推动、实现乡村空间的自我管理,以期减小空间生产的负面影响.

  19. 河南省新农村体育文化建设发展环境及动力支持研究%Study on development environment and dynamic support of new countryside sports culture construction in Henan province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘笑舫; 贾东晨

    2011-01-01

    运用专家访谈法和问卷调查法对河南省新农村体育文化建设的发展环境及动力支持进行研究.结果表明:河南省新农村体育文化建设通过省政府和体育主管部门的领导,在乡镇文化工作站和农村社会体育指导员的指导下,向着常态化、科学化和可持续性的方向发展,并呈现出不同的地域特征.同时,中央关于农村建设的政策法规、农民的个人需求、和谐社会建设的本质需要为河南省新农村体育文化建设提供了动力支持.%Using expert interview and questionnaire,the article studied the new countryside sports culture construction conditions and dynamic support in Henan province.The results show that:through government and sports departments of leadership,the new countryside sports is developing towards normality,scientific and sustainability,the direction of the new countryside sports culture faded prototypes.The spiritual demand of peasants,new countryside and the construction of harmonious society provides motive support for new countryside sports culture construction in Henan province.

  20. 发掘利用乡规民约价值提升村级社会治理水平%TExcavation of the Value of Countryside and Local Rules and Regulations to Promote the Level of Village Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓辉

    2016-01-01

    To promote the rule of law comprehensively, we should fully excavate the value of countryside and local rules and regulations, and make them play a role in promoting the level of village management. Countryside and local rules and regulations make a difference in strengthening the village management, villagers'legal consciousness and safeguarding the village fairness and justice and so on. However, there are still some problems, such as some departments neglecting countryside and local rules and the functions of rules differing in village affairs. The essay puts forwards the excavation of the value of countryside and local rules and regulations from the following aspects:the making, the publicizing, the executing and ensuring of countryside and local rules and regulations to promote the level of village management, hoping to serve references for the theory and practice of village management.%全面推进依法治国,要充分发掘乡规民约的价值,有效发挥乡规民约在提升村级社会治理水平中的作用.乡规民约对加强村级社会治理、强化村民法制意识、维护村庄公平正义等发挥着重要作用,但是仍然存在着相关部门对乡规民约重视不够、乡规民约在解决村级事务中发挥作用不一等问题.认为从乡规民约的制定、宣传、执行、监督机制等角度探索发掘乡规民约价值,提升村级基层社会治理水平,以期对探索村级治理工作的理论和实践有所参考.

  1. Information service of medical academic libraries in countryside%医学院校图书馆下乡服务探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张熹

    2013-01-01

    分析了乡镇医院和医生对于系统医学信息服务的迫切需求和医学院校图书馆下乡服务的有利条件及其实施策略,指出了医学院校图书馆下乡服务能够实现图书馆自身建设和乡镇医疗卫生事业发展的共赢。%After an analysis of the urgent need of systematic medical information service in village and township hospitals and doctors and the advantageous conditions for medical academic libraries to provide information service for them, its imple-mentation strategies were proposed and how to promote the construction of libraries and the development of medical cause in villages and townships by providing information service in countryside were pointed out.

  2. 社会主义新农村乡风文明建设探索%On the Construction of Socialism New Countryside Local Custom Civilization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘卫琴

    2012-01-01

    Rural custom civilization is the development of a new socialist countryside in the context of rural spiritual civilization. The main body is the farmers; object is characteristic of the times advanced the whole of moral philosophy, a good mental outlook, higher literacy, healthy lifestyle civilization must adhere to the socialist core value system of value - oriented and behavior tant part of building a new socialist countryside. Rural put the truth, persist in taking economic development of farmers. village culture, including and so on. Rural custom guidelines, it is an impor- custom civilization must be based on rural as the backing to achieve a good safeguard realities, the vital we must interests%乡风文明建设是社会主义新农村发展背景下的农村精神文明建设,其主体是农民,客体是体现时代特征的先进村庄文化,内容包括正确的道德观念、良好的精神面貌、较高的文化素养、健康的生活风尚等。乡风文明建设必须坚持以社会主义核心价值体系为价值导向和行为指南。乡风文明是建设社会主义新农村的重要内容和有效途径。乡风文明建设必须立足于农村实际,真情投入,坚持以经济发展为后盾、切实维护农民的利益。

  3. [Evaluation on intervention project of mental health promotion in paid blood donors with HIV/AIDS infected adults in Anhui countryside].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Puyu; Tao, Fangbiao; Sun, Ying; Hao, Jiahu

    2011-05-01

    To evaluate the effect of intervention project of mental health promotion in paid blood donors with AIDS/HIV infected adults in Anhui countryside. About 41 HIV/AIDS infected adults were invited to take part in the intervention project. The project was put into practice by ways of multimedia course and group participation with the handbook of mental health promotion intervention for HIV/AIDS infected adults. All participants (41 intervention objects and 21 control objects) completed an anonymous questionnaire before and after the intervention. Depression, anxiety, self-esteem and coping style were evaluated by Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, Self-Rating Anxiety Scale, Self-Esteem Scale and Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire. There were 35.5% of the 62 blood donors without taking any education. There were 46.7% of them need to partially or completely rely on government grants and loans. Before intervention the rates of depression and anxiety, the scores of positive coping, negative coping and self-esteem were not significantly different between study group and control group (P > 0.05). After intervention the rates of depression and anxiety in study group were lower than those in control group and with significant difference. The scores of positive coping and self-esteem in study group were higher than those in control group, but the score of negative coping was contrary to them (P HIV/AIDS in rural take an active effect on their anxiety symptoms, depressive symptoms, coping style and self-esteem (P HIV/AIDS infected adults in countryside has a good effect. This intervention might be extend to similar population on HIV/AIDS in rural. The influence factor of intervention effect on different psychological character are difference.

  4. Southeast Chongqing Multi- national Area Countryside Teacher Career Development Investigation and Ponder%民族地区农村教砂币专业发展的调查与思考——以渝东南为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓泽军

    2012-01-01

    Plans the city and countryside education comprehensive reform pilot area as the country, Chongqing is devoting comprehensively in implements the city and countryside education overall plan development, its key point is the rural education reforms and develops, but the key lies in the countryside teacher's career development. Southeast Chongqing is Chongqing only national autonomy area, relates Chongqing "a body two wing" the area development strategy and the multi - national area promotion, this cannot leave the city and countryside education overall plan development the comprehensive reform,urgent needs to pay attention to this local countryside teacher's career development fully. This re- search foothold city and countryside education overall plan's macroscopic background and the angle of view, to Chongqing southeast the multi- national area countryside teacher in specialized aspects and so on personality, specialized knowledge, specialized ability, policy safeguard and continuing education have carried on the questionnaire survey and the interview, the research have promulgated southeast on the spot Chongqing the multi - national area countryside teacher career development basic present situation and many realistic questions,and has carried on the corresponding analysis discussion, to promotes the western multinational area countryside teacher career development and the city and country- side education overall plan has certain reference value.%重庆作为国家统筹城乡教育综合改革试验区,正在全面致力于实施城乡教育统筹发展,其重点是农村教育改革和发展,而关键在于农村教师的专业发展。渝东南是重庆市唯一的民族自治地区,关系到重庆市“一体两翼”区域发展战略和民族地区振兴,这离不开城乡教育统筹发展的综合改革,迫切需要充分关注该地区农村教师的专业发展。研究立足城乡教育统筹的宏观背景和视角,对渝东南

  5. 乡村旅游开发设计规划研究——以河南省南召县大石窑村农家游为例%A Study of the Design and Planning of the Countryside Tourism:Exampled on the Countryside Tourism Planning in Dashiyao Village,Nanzhao County,He'nan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘彩玲

    2011-01-01

    乡村游蕴藏着很大的市场潜力,已经开始遍及我国大部分地区.通过旅游产品、重点项目、景观系统、旅游服务设施、民俗娱乐活动、基础配套设施等的设计和规划,以及保障性政策法规制度的制定等,可以全方位地对乡村旅游资源进行因地制宜性的规划和开发,从而打造出具有一定特色的旅游景点.%The countryside tourism has had a very strong market potential and hegun to spread over most regions of our country. By the design and planning of the tourism products, key projects. sightseeing system, tourism service facilities, folk-custom entertainments and basic matched establishment,and through making the policies, rules and systems with assurance, we can plan and develop the countryside tourism resources according to its local conditions in order to build a special tourism scenery spot.

  6. 我国“三农”财政的法律问题探讨%On Legal Issues of the Fiscal Policies of "Agriculture, Countryside and Farmers" in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡小红

    2012-01-01

    It's increasingly urgent to improve the Chinese fiscal legal system while the fiscal input of "agricul ture, countryside and farmers" is constantly enlarged in china. In the respect of fiscal system, our country should improve the legal system of fiscal expenditure responsibility of "agriculture, countryside and farmers", perfect the legal system of fiscal power seperation, enhance the legal system of fiscal transference payment, and ensure the local government's fiscal ability to support "agriculture, countryside and farmers". Meanwhile, the government should also enhance the management system of fiscal input of "agriculture, countryside and farmers". It includes establishing the legal system of macro--policy decision of fiscal input of "agriculture, countryside and farmers", which is to be designed by the top leaders and coordinated as a whole. It also includes establishing the management mechanism of fiscal input of "agriculture, countryside and farmers", whose duty is to be separated and restricted.%随着我国"三农"财政投入的不断加大,完善"三农"财政法律制度日益迫切。在财政体制方面,应当完善"三农"财政支出责任划分法律制度,健全财权划分法律制度,完善财政转移支付法律制度,保障地方政府支持"三农"的财权和财力。同时,还应当完善"三农"财政投入管理法律制度,具体包括:建立"顶层设计、统筹协调"的"三农"财政投入宏观决策法律制度,建立职能分离、分工制约的"三农"财政投入管理法律机制。

  7. 乡村旅游可持续发展研究——以英武山村旅游开发为例%Study of Countryside Tourism Sustainable Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄丽; 李克国; 王佳

    2011-01-01

    运用可持续发展的思想和理论,对乡村旅游可持续发展的概念进行了探讨,指出英武山村旅游业在可持续发展中面临的问题,最后就英武山村旅游的可持续发展提出相关对策和建议.%By dint of thoughts and theories about sustainable development, concepts about countryside tourism sustainable development are discussed. Problems in sustainable development of Yingwushan countryside tourism are pointed out. In the end, relevant countermeasures of sustainable development of tourism are suggested.

  8. Meeting global conservation challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    Hot on the heels of last year's Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement, representatives from the global conservation community met to set the conservation agenda that will help to implement these targets.

  9. Conservation: Threatened by Luxury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb, Thomas J

    2016-06-20

    When animals are traded in lucrative international luxury markets, individuals really do matter to conservation. Identifying the intrinsic and extrinsic factors that make some species especially vulnerable to this kind of threat helps set guidelines for more effective conservation.

  10. Existing Problems in the Services Meteorology Provides in New Countryside Construction in Wuyishan City and Their Countermeasures%武夷山气象为新农村建设服务存在的问题及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张佳晖; 龚华秀; 罗青梅

    2014-01-01

    Based on the status of ser-vices meteorology provides in new coun-tryside construction in Wuyishan City, major restricting factors of meteorological services in the countryside were pro-posed,including low level of technology, poor development awareness of meteoro-logical resources,inadequate investment, lack of an effective disaster alarming and responding system, etc. To improve the capacity and efficiency of meteorological services in building new countryside with protecting agricultural production and farmers’ life and properties as the most important goal.The study provides a basis for further advancing the steady development of the new countryside and reducing the loss caused by meteorologi-cal disasters.%结合武夷山市气象为新农村建设服务的现状,指出当前制约农村气象服务水平的因素主要是气象科技发展和现代化程度不高、农村气候资源的开发利用意识不强、气象事业投入不足、气象灾害预警响应体系建设不完善等。提升气象为新农村建设服务的能力和水平,应当以保障农业生产和农民生命财产安全为主要目标。为减少气象灾害损失,进一步推进武夷山市新农村建设工作的稳步发展提供了依据。

  11. Restricting Factors and Corresponding Strategies of the Floating Labour Force in the Countryside%农村劳动力流动的制约因素及对策建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张燕

    2012-01-01

    The labour force transfers from the countryside to the non-agricuhural industry and the town. This is the general tendency and the inevitable result of industralization, urbanization and agricultural modernization all over the world. In our country the economic structure is typically dual, and in the countryside there are lots of labours. With the rapid development of industralization and urbanization, more and more superfluous labour force will gradually walk out from the countryside. If there isn't any great adjustment in current laws and policies, the phenomenon of lots of farm workers' floating employment between the city and the countryside will last for a long time in our country, and so does a series of problems associated with their work and life.%农村劳动力向非农产业和城镇转移,是世界各国工业化、城镇化的普遍趋势,也是农业现代化的必然要求。我国是典型的--.,-L经济结构,农村劳动力数量众多,在工业化、城镇化加快发展的阶段,越来越多的富余劳动力将逐渐转移出来。如果现行法律政策没有重大调整,大量农民工在城乡之间流动就业的现象在我国将长期存在,农民工在工作和生活上面临的一系列问题也将长期存在。

  12. Conservation Action Handbook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Rifle Association, Washington, DC.

    Conservation problems are identified, with some suggestions for action. General areas covered are: Wildlife Conservation, Soil Conservation, Clean Water, Air Pollution Action, and Outdoor Recreation Action. Appendices list private organizations or agencies concerned with natural resource use and/or management, congressional committees considering…

  13. 农村居民体育消费意愿的影响因素分析——以苏北地区为例%Influencing Factors of Countryside Resident Sports Consumption Intentionin Northern Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小垒

    2012-01-01

    在对苏北5市农村家庭深入调查的基础上,运用Logit模型对农村居民体育消费意愿的影响因素进行计量分析,认为家庭人均生活支出、家庭人均收入、家庭人数、家庭教育开支、个体年龄、性别、个人消费经历、个人当前的收入水平对农民体育消费意愿有显著的影响。%On the basis of the in-depth survey of countryside families in five cities of Northern Jiangsu Province,applying the Logit pattern to analyse the influencing factors of countryside resident sports consumption intention,the paper indicates that they have significant influences in countryside resident sports consumption intention is greatly influenced by per capita living expense,per capita income,the number of family members,family education expenditure,individual age,gender,personal consumption experience and individual current income level.

  14. The Paths of China' s Agricultural E-commerce Development under the Construction of New Socialist Countryside%新农村建设下我国农业电子商务发展路径研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卫明; 廖丹萍

    2011-01-01

    社会主义新农村建设是解决“三农”问题的重要途径,加快新农村建设的重要基础是农业现代化的实现,农业电子商务是促进农业现代化进程的重要手段.首先给出了农业电子商务的含义和发展农业电子商务的意义,然后分析了我国农业电子商务的发展现状,并找出了存在的问题,最后提出了新农村建设下我国农业电子商务发展的路径.%Building a new socialist countryside is an important way to solve the "Agriculture, Rural, Fanner" issue. The realization of agricultural modernization is an important basis to accelerate the new countryside building. Agricultural E-commerce is an important mean to promote agricultural modernization process. Firstly, this paper gives the meaning of Agricultural E-commerce and the significance of developing Agricultural E-commerce. Then, it analyzes the current situation of Agricultural E-commerce development and finds some problems. Lastly, it proposes the paths to develop Agricultural-Ecommerce under the construction of the new socialist countryside.

  15. Environmental law. An introduction to the basic principles with special consideration of the law relating to water, pollution abatement, waste, and nature conservation. Umweltrecht. Eine Einfuehrung in die Grundlagen unter besonderer Beruecksichtigung des Wasser-, Immissionsschutz-, Abfall- und Naturschutzrechts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ketteler, G.; Kippels, K. (Fachhochschule fuer Oeffentliche Verwaltung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Gelsenkirchen (Germany, F.R.))

    1988-01-01

    In section I 'Basic principles' the following topics are considered: Constitutional-legal aspects of environmental protection, e.g. nuclear hazards and the remaining risk; European environmental law; international environmental law; administrative law, private law and criminal law relating to the environment; basic principles of environmental law, the instruments of public environmental law. Section II 'Special areas of law' is concerned with the law on water and waste, prevention of air pollution, nature conservation and care of the countryside. Legal decisions and literature up to June 1988 have been taken into consideration. (orig./RST).

  16. Exactly conservation integrators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shadwick, B.A.; Bowman, J.C.; Morrison, P.J. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)

    1999-03-01

    Traditional explicit numerical discretizations of conservative systems generically predict artificial secular drifts of any nonlinear invariants. In this work the authors present a general approach for developing explicit nontraditional algorithms that conserve such invariants exactly. They illustrate the method by applying it to the three-wave truncation of the Euler equations, the Lotka-Volterra predator-prey model, and the Kepler problem. The ideas are discussed in the context of symplectic (phase-space-conserving) integration methods as well as nonsymplectic conservative methods. They comment on the application of the method to general conservative systems.

  17. Exactly conservative integrators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shadwick, B.A.; Bowman, J.C.; Morrison, P.J.

    1995-07-19

    Traditional numerical discretizations of conservative systems generically yield an artificial secular drift of any nonlinear invariants. In this work we present an explicit nontraditional algorithm that exactly conserves invariants. We illustrate the general method by applying it to the Three-Wave truncation of the Euler equations, the Volterra-Lotka predator-prey model, and the Kepler problem. We discuss our method in the context of symplectic (phase space conserving) integration methods as well as nonsymplectic conservative methods. We comment on the application of our method to general conservative systems.

  18. Exactly conservative integrators

    CERN Document Server

    Shadwick, B A; Morrison, P J; Bowman, John C

    1995-01-01

    Traditional numerical discretizations of conservative systems generically yield an artificial secular drift of any nonlinear invariants. In this work we present an explicit nontraditional algorithm that exactly conserves these invariants. We illustrate the general method by applying it to the three-wave truncation of the Euler equations, the Lotka--Volterra predator--prey model, and the Kepler problem. This method is discussed in the context of symplectic (phase space conserving) integration methods as well as nonsymplectic conservative methods. We comment on the application of our method to general conservative systems.

  19. Exactly conservative integrators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shadwick, B.A.; Bowman, J.C.; Morrison, P.J.

    1995-07-19

    Traditional numerical discretizations of conservative systems generically yield an artificial secular drift of any nonlinear invariants. In this work we present an explicit nontraditional algorithm that exactly conserves invariants. We illustrate the general method by applying it to the Three-Wave truncation of the Euler equations, the Volterra-Lotka predator-prey model, and the Kepler problem. We discuss our method in the context of symplectic (phase space conserving) integration methods as well as nonsymplectic conservative methods. We comment on the application of our method to general conservative systems.

  20. Managing competition in the countryside: Non-profit and for-profit perceptions of long-term care in rural Ontario.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skinner, Mark W; Rosenberg, Mark W

    2006-12-01

    This paper contributes to the current debates surrounding private delivery of health care services by addressing the distinctive challenges, constraints and opportunities facing for-profit and non-profit providers of long-term care in rural and small town settings. It focuses on the empirical case of Ontario, Canada where extensive restructuring of long-term care, under the rubric of managed competition, has been underway since the mid-1990s. In-depth interviews with 72 representatives from local governments, public health institutions and authorities, for-profit and non-profit organisations, and community groups during July 2003 to December 2003 form the platform for a qualitative analysis of the implications of managed competition as it relates to the provision of long-term care in the countryside. The results suggest that the introduction and implementation of managed competition has accentuated the problems of service provision in rural communities, and that the long-standing issues of caregiving in rural situations transcend the differences, perceived or otherwise, between for-profit and non-profit provision. Understanding the implications of market-oriented long-term care restructuring initiatives for providers, and their clients, in rural situations requires a re-focussing of research beyond the for- versus non-profit dichotomy.

  1. 7 CFR 12.23 - Conservation plans and conservation systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Conservation plans and conservation systems. 12.23 Section 12.23 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture HIGHLY ERODIBLE LAND AND WETLAND CONSERVATION Highly Erodible Land Conservation § 12.23 Conservation plans and conservation systems. (a) Use...

  2. Conservation: Toward firmer ground

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-01-01

    The following aspects of energy conservation were discussed: conservation history and goals, conservation modes, conservation accounting-criteria, and a method to overcome obstacles. The conservation modes tested fall into one of the following categories: reduced energy consumption, increased efficiency of energy utilization, or substitution of one or more forms of energy for another which is in shorter supply or in some sense thought to be of more value. The conservation accounting criteria include net energy reduction, economic, and technical criteria. A method to overcome obstacles includes (approaches such as: direct personal impact (life style, income, security, aspiration), an element of crisis, large scale involvement of environmental, safety, and health issues, connections to big government, big business, big politics, involvement of known and speculative science and technology, appeal to moral and ethical standards, the transient nature of opportunities to correct the system.

  3. Conservation genetics in transition to conservation genomics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ouborg, N. Joop; Pertoldi, Cino; Loeschcke, Volker; Bijlsma, R. (Kuke); Hedrick, Phil W.

    2010-01-01

    Over the past twenty years conservation genetics has progressed from being mainly a theory-based field of population biology to a full-grown empirical discipline. Technological developments in molecular genetics have led to extensive use of neutral molecular markers such as microsatellites in conser

  4. Paradigms for parasite conservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dougherty, Eric R; Carlson, Colin J; Bueno, Veronica M; Burgio, Kevin R; Cizauskas, Carrie A; Clements, Christopher F; Seidel, Dana P; Harris, Nyeema C

    2016-08-01

    Parasitic species, which depend directly on host species for their survival, represent a major regulatory force in ecosystems and a significant component of Earth's biodiversity. Yet the negative impacts of parasites observed at the host level have motivated a conservation paradigm of eradication, moving us farther from attainment of taxonomically unbiased conservation goals. Despite a growing body of literature highlighting the importance of parasite-inclusive conservation, most parasite species remain understudied, underfunded, and underappreciated. We argue the protection of parasitic biodiversity requires a paradigm shift in the perception and valuation of their role as consumer species, similar to that of apex predators in the mid-20th century. Beyond recognizing parasites as vital trophic regulators, existing tools available to conservation practitioners should explicitly account for the unique threats facing dependent species. We built upon concepts from epidemiology and economics (e.g., host-density threshold and cost-benefit analysis) to devise novel metrics of margin of error and minimum investment for parasite conservation. We define margin of error as the risk of accidental host extinction from misestimating equilibrium population sizes and predicted oscillations, while minimum investment represents the cost associated with conserving the additional hosts required to maintain viable parasite populations. This framework will aid in the identification of readily conserved parasites that present minimal health risks. To establish parasite conservation, we propose an extension of population viability analysis for host-parasite assemblages to assess extinction risk. In the direst cases, ex situ breeding programs for parasites should be evaluated to maximize success without undermining host protection. Though parasitic species pose a considerable conservation challenge, adaptations to conservation tools will help protect parasite biodiversity in the face of

  5. Conservation in transportation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1980-05-30

    A nationwide examination was made of grassroots energy conservation programs related to transportation. Information compiled from civic groups, trade associations, and corporations is included on driver awareness/mass transit; travel; and ride sharing. It is concluded that a willingness by the public to cooperate in transportation energy conservation exists and should be exploited. (LCL)

  6. Creative Soil Conservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Martha

    2010-01-01

    Take plant lessons outdoors with this engaging and inquiry-based activity in which third-grade students learn how to apply soil conservation methods to growing plants. They also collect data and draw conclusions about the effectiveness of their method of soil conservation. An added benefit to this activity is that the third-grade students played…

  7. Biodiversity Conservation in Asia

    OpenAIRE

    Dale Squires

    2014-01-01

    Asian's remarkable economic growth brought many benefits but also fuelled threats to its ecosystems and biodiversity. Economic growth brings biodiversity threats but also conservation opportunities. Continued biodiversity loss is inevitable, but the types, areas and rates of biodiversity loss are not. Prioritising biodiversity conservation, tempered by what is tractable, remains a high priority. Policy and market distortions and failures significantly underprice biodiversity, undermine ecosys...

  8. Fixism and conservation science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robert, Alexandre; Fontaine, Colin; Veron, Simon; Monnet, Anne-Christine; Legrand, Marine; Clavel, Joanne; Chantepie, Stéphane; Couvet, Denis; Ducarme, Frédéric; Fontaine, Benoît; Jiguet, Frédéric; le Viol, Isabelle; Rolland, Jonathan; Sarrazin, François; Teplitsky, Céline; Mouchet, Maud

    2017-08-01

    The field of biodiversity conservation has recently been criticized as relying on a fixist view of the living world in which existing species constitute at the same time targets of conservation efforts and static states of reference, which is in apparent disagreement with evolutionary dynamics. We reviewed the prominent role of species as conservation units and the common benchmark approach to conservation that aims to use past biodiversity as a reference to conserve current biodiversity. We found that the species approach is justified by the discrepancy between the time scales of macroevolution and human influence and that biodiversity benchmarks are based on reference processes rather than fixed reference states. Overall, we argue that the ethical and theoretical frameworks underlying conservation research are based on macroevolutionary processes, such as extinction dynamics. Current species, phylogenetic, community, and functional conservation approaches constitute short-term responses to short-term human effects on these reference processes, and these approaches are consistent with evolutionary principles. © 2016 Society for Conservation Biology.

  9. Water Conservation Resource List.

    Science.gov (United States)

    NJEA Review, 1981

    1981-01-01

    Alarmed by the growing water shortage, the New Jersey State Office of Dissemination has prepared this annotated list of free or inexpensive instructional materials for teaching about water conservation, K-l2. A tipsheet for home water conservation is appended. (Editor/SJL)

  10. Conservation Science Fair Projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soil Conservation Society of America, Ankeny, IA.

    Included are ideas, suggestions, and examples for selecting and designing conservation science projects. Over 70 possible conservation subject areas are presented with suggested projects. References are cited with each of these subject areas, and a separate list of annotated references is included. The references pertain to general subject…

  11. Resource Conservation Glossary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soil Conservation Society of America, Ankeny, IA.

    This glossary is a composite of terms selected from 13 technologies, and is the expanded revision of the original 1952 edition of "The Soil and Water Conservation Glossary." The terms were selected from these areas: agronomy, biology, conservation, ecology, economics, engineering, forestry, geology, hydrology, range, recreation, soils, and…

  12. Otter Conservation In Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Waseem Ahmad Khan

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available This note describes the conservation status and threats of the two otter species described in Pakistan; Smooth coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata sindica and the Eurasian or common otter (Lutra lutra. It also briefly describes the actors involved as well as the efforts made for its conservation.

  13. Introducing Conservation of Momentum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunt, Marjorie; Brunt, Geoff

    2013-01-01

    The teaching of the principle of conservation of linear momentum is considered (ages 15 + ). From the principle, the momenta of two masses in an isolated system are considered. Sketch graphs of the momenta make Newton's laws appear obvious. Examples using different collision conditions are considered. Conservation of momentum is considered…

  14. On exactly conservative integrators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bowman, J.C. [Max-Planck-Inst. fuer Plasmaphysik, Garching (Germany); Shadwick, B.A. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Morrison, P.J. [Texas Univ., Austin, TX (United States). Inst. for Fusion Studies

    1997-06-01

    Traditional explicit numerical discretizations of conservative systems generically predict artificial secular drifts of nonlinear invariants. These algorithms are based on polynomial functions of the time step. The authors discuss a general approach for developing explicit algorithms that conserve such invariants exactly. They illustrate the method by applying it to the truncated two-dimensional Euler equations.

  15. On exactly conservative integrators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bowman, J.C. [Max-Planck-Inst. fuer Plasmaphysik, Garching (Germany); Shadwick, B.A. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Morrison, P.J. [Texas Univ., Austin, TX (United States). Inst. for Fusion Studies

    1997-06-01

    Traditional explicit numerical discretizations of conservative systems generically predict artificial secular drifts of nonlinear invariants. These algorithms are based on polynomial functions of the time step. The authors discuss a general approach for developing explicit algorithms that conserve such invariants exactly. They illustrate the method by applying it to the truncated two-dimensional Euler equations.

  16. 新疆农村改水新技术%New Techniques Adopted in Water Supply Projects in the Countryside of Xinjiang Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋士海; 努尔斯曼·艾山; 毛野

    2001-01-01

    对新疆维吾尔自治区农村改水工程中广泛应用的新技术从基本原理、运用条件和优点等方面进行总结.获国家发明专利的曼苏尔井是一种新型免维护自流井,具有低投入、长寿命、高效益等优点;经过改进和优化的深井手动泵特别适合于居住分散、缺水少电的农牧区;降氟综合技术能够有效地降低饮用水的氟含量;电渗析法则可变苦咸水为甘泉.采用大地电阻率测量等地质物探新技术有力地保障了选取优质水源.%New techniques adopted in water supply projects in the countryside of Xinjiang Autonomous Region have been summarized from the basic principles, application conditions and advantages concerned. The Mansul Well that holds a patent is an artesian well with low investment but high benefit and a long service life without special maintenance. Through improvement, a new type of hand pump used for deep well is suitable for the regions with scattered residents, but without surface water and electric energy. The synthetic fluoride-reducing technology can reduce the contents of fluoride in drinking water effectively. The electric dialysis method could turn bitter water into sweet spring water. Some new physical reconnoiter techniques, such as the measurement of geotectonic resistivity, are powerful safeguard in the selection of good water sources.

  17. Reflections on Geographical Culture Protection in the Building of New Countryside for Southeastern Minorities%西南少数民族新农村建设中对地域文化保护的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张琦

    2011-01-01

    The building of geographical culture is an important part in the building of socialist new countryside. How to protect and construct the geographical culture of minorities becomes a significant research project which is expected to solve the problems in the building of new countryside for southeastern minorities. The building of socialist new countryside is both the opportunity and the challenge to protect the minority village culture. We should insist on taking the viewpoint of scientific development as the guideline, attach an importance to the protection of geographical culture, and pro- mote "construction" and "protection" to have sustainable development.%地域文化建设是社会主义新农村建设的重要组成部分,如何正确的保护和建设好少数民族地域文化,是西南地区新农村建设亟待解决的一个重大研究课题,社会主义新农村建设,对少数民族村落文化景观保护既是机遇又是挑战。我们必须坚持以科学发展观为指导,在新农村建设中高度重视地域文化的保护,促进“建设”与“保护”共同可持续发展。

  18. Design Patterns of Rural Highway Landscape Based on the Beautiful Countryside Construction%美丽乡村建设下乡村公路景观设计模式初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐文杰; 徐文辉; 陈琦

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, "the beautiful countryside building action" has get a positive response from all over the country.As the carrier to show regional characteristics, rural roads landscape is the important component elements for beautiful countryside building, and it increasingly becoming the focus of attention.Through research on existing theory and results of domestic road landscape design, this paper briefly analyzes the importance and existing condition of rural highway landscape, discusses the rural road landscape design principles, and summarizes several patterns for the future construction of rural highway landscape design in the process of beautiful countryside.%近年来,“美丽乡村建设行动”得到了全国各地的积极响应,乡村公路景观作为展示乡村地域特色的载体,是美丽乡村建设行动中重要的组成元素,日益成为人们关注的焦点。通过研究国内道路景观设计现有的理论和成果,简要分析了乡村公路景观的重要性及现状,探讨了乡村公路景观设计原则,总结了乡村公路景观设计的几种模式,为今后乡村公路景观设计提供初略的方法。

  19. 我国统筹城乡发展的财税政策研究%Study on Finance and Tax Policy in the Perspective of Holistic Development of City and Countryside in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙正林; 贾琳

    2014-01-01

    随着改革的进一步深化,我国城乡二元经济结构问题更加凸显,已然成为新世纪我国经济社会发展的时代特征和主要矛盾。近年来,国家高度重视统筹城乡发展,将“缩小城乡差距,促进城乡一体化建设”作为“十二五”期间重要工作内容。通过对我国统筹城乡发展现状进行分析,结合财税政策在此发展过程中所发挥的作用,以宏观视角来探析城乡二元经济结构中存在的财税政策问题,并提出相应的对策及合理化建议。%With further development of reform, the dualistic economic structure of city and country-side is problematic, which is the feature and main contradiction in the economic and social develop-ment in China in the new century. In recent years, our country pays attention to the holistic develop-ment of the city and the countryside and has“shortening the gap between the city and the country-side, improving the integrated construction”as the main content in the“twelfth five-year plan”. Based on the analysis of the current development with the role finance and tax policy plays in the process, probes the existing problems in finance and tax policy in the dualistic economic structure in the macro perspective and puts forward relevant strategy and reasonable suggestion.

  20. Analysis on screen results of cervical cancer for 2 739 women in fishing village and countryside%渔农村妇女2739人宫颈癌筛选结果的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周悠燕

    2011-01-01

    Objective To analysis the screen results of cervical cancer and improve prevention for women with cervical cancer in fishing village and countryside. Method Analyze the information on cervical cancer for 2739 women in fishing village and countryside. Analyze the relation between age, marriage, education level, medical insurance, economic conditions and positive screen result of cervical cancer. Result 51 of 2739 women show positive results. Women with older age, lower education level and poorer economic conditions tend to have a higher rate of positive result. Conclusion Enhancing health education for women with cervical cancer in fishing village and countryside can improve the early detection, early diagnosis and early treatment of cervical cancer.%目的 分析渔农村妇女宫颈癌筛选的结果,提出对策.方法 对渔农村妇女 2 739 人的宫颈癌筛选资料进行分析,了解渔农村妇女年龄、婚姻状况、文化程度、医疗保险及经济状况与宫颈癌筛选阳性之间关系.结果 2 739 人中,宫颈癌筛选阳性检出 51 人,年龄越大阳性检出率越高,文化程度越低、经济状况越差阳性检出率越高.结论 加强渔农村妇女保健及健康教育工作,促使宫颈癌早发现、早诊断、早治疗.

  1. Standards for the Estimation of Tourism Carrying Capacity of Countryside Wetland Parks%郊野湿地公园旅游环境容量测算标准构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张桦; 储九志

    2013-01-01

    Based on differences among geographic locations, Wetland Parks were divided into 3 types of city, suburban and countryside. A special function of the countryside wetland parks is tourism support. By reviewing the first batch of National Wetland Parks and taking into account of results from relevant studies, an indicators system for the tourism capacity of countryside wetland parks was developed. Standards for estimating the tourism carrying capacity was developed by integrating other relevant standards through questionnaires. The standards covers carrying capacities in 5 major aspects: ecology, resources, psychological, facilities and management capacity, including a total of 18 elements. The standards provided a good foundation for further studies.%基于地理位置差异将湿地公园分为城市、城郊与郊野3类,探讨郊野湿地公园承担旅游功能所具有的特殊性,通过对首批国家湿地公园的梳理,结合相关研究成果,提出郊野湿地公园旅游环境容量测算的指标体系,在此基础上采用相关标准指标,通过问卷调研等方法构建其测算标准.测算标准包括旅游环境容量中的生态、资源、心理、设施及管理5大容量,共计18项因子,为其测算研究提供良好基础.

  2. 农村宅基地有偿退出机制的立法探讨%Discussion about the legislation of the compensation exit mechanism of the countryside homestead

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何祖普

    2013-01-01

      农村宅基地制度是直接关系到数亿农民生存和农村社会稳定的基本制度。但在实践中,农村宅基地使用权制度的运行却不尽如人意,出现了宅基地面积超标、住宅闲置现象普遍、宅基地隐形交易等一系列问题。法律法规的不完善是造成农村宅基地无序使用的主要原因,有法不依和执法不严则加剧了这种无序,而农村宅基地有偿退出机制的缺失则使这种无序找不到疏导的出口。建立激励机制和约束机制为核心的农村宅基地有偿退出机制是解决当前中国农村宅基地利用中存在问题的有效途径。%  The rural homestead system is directly related to the basic system of hundreds of millions of farmers' survival and social stability in rural areas. But in practice,countryside homestead right of use system operation is not just as one wishes,a series of problems of homestead area exceed the standard,housing idle phenomenon,homestead invisible transactions. Laws and regulations are not perfect is the main reason causing the countryside homestead right of use of the disorder,weak and lax enforcement of the law is exacerbated by the disorder,and the lack of rural homestead paid exit mechanism makes this kind of disorder can't find the exit counseling. Establishing incentive mechanism and constraint mechanism is the core of the countryside homestead exit mechanism is the solution to the current China paid the countryside homestead right of use of effective approaches to the problem of.

  3. Characterization of the energetic consumption habits in communities in the countryside area of Amazon State concerning energetic planning; Perfil dos habitos de consumo de energeticos em comunidades do interior do Estado do Amazonas para fins de planejamento energetico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Souza, Rubem C.R.; Santos Conserva, Auricelia dos; Muniz, Marcos W.C. [Amazonas Univ., Manaus, AM (Brazil)

    1996-12-31

    To outline an energetic politic to Amazons State is a difficult task considering the enormous peculiarities of the region. In order to do so it is necessary to elaborate an energy balance of the state. This paper aims to help in this procedure by performing the characterization of the energetic consumption habits of small communities in the countryside area of the above named state. Four different representative cities were studied in concerning of its socio-economical and energetic characteristics. It was concluded that parameters such as demographic density, familiar income, energy sources, etc. are to be considered during the elaboration of the state energy balance 6 refs., 1 tab.

  4. Hearing Conservation Team

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Hearing Conservation Team focuses on ways to identify the early stages of noise-induced damage to the human ear.Our current research involves the evaluation of...

  5. Hearing Conservation Team

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Hearing Conservation Team focuses on ways to identify the early stages of noise-induced damage to the human ear. Our current research involves the evaluation of...

  6. Conservation of Beclardia macrostachya

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    admpather

    Department of Agriculture and Food Science ... Tissue culture is an essential tool for ex situ conservation. ... In vitro culture also provides plausible solutions to ..... Cryopreservation of zygotic embryos of a Japanese terrestrial orchid (Bletilla.

  7. Metro Conservation Corridors

    Data.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — The Metro Conservation Corridors (MeCC) grow out of the natural resource analysis work done by the DNR in the late '90's, documented in the Metro Greenprint...

  8. Conservation among Elderly Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughston, George A.; Protinsky, Howard O.

    1979-01-01

    The majority of 63 elderly women were able to pass tests in the conservation of mass (98 percent), volume (100 percent), and surface area (65 percent). These results conflict with previous research about Piagetian abilities of elderly people. (RL)

  9. Landscape Conservation Cooperatives

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Landscape Conservation Cooperatives (LCCs) are public-private partnerships composed of states, tribes, federal agencies, non-governmental organizations,...

  10. Policy: Palatable forest conservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tacconi, Luca

    2011-06-01

    Current policies to reduce emissions from forest loss could mean that rising demand for food is not met. A new approach to forest conservation that reduces emissions while meeting demand for agricultural products may be feasible, but more expensive.

  11. Monitoring for conservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nichols, J.D.; Williams, B.K.

    2006-01-01

    Human-mediated environmental changes have resulted in appropriate concern for the conservation of ecological systems and have led to the development of many ecological monitoring programs worldwide. Many programs that are identified with the purpose of `surveillance? represent an inefficient use of conservation funds and effort. Here, we revisit the 1964 paper by Platt and argue that his recommendations about the conduct of science are equally relevant to the conduct of ecological monitoring programs. In particular, we argue that monitoring should not be viewed as a stand-alone activity, but instead as a component of a larger process of either conservation-oriented science or management. Corresponding changes in monitoring focus and design would lead to substantial increases in the efficiency and usefulness of monitoring results in conservation.

  12. Energy Conservation Behaviour Toolkit

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kalz, Marco; Börner, Dirk; Ternier, Stefaan; Specht, Marcus

    2013-01-01

    Kalz, M., Börner, D., Ternier, S., & Specht, M. (2013, 31 January). Energy Conservation Behaviour Toolkit. Presentation given at the symposium "Groene ICT en Duurzame ontwikkeling: Meters maken in het Hoger Onderwijs", Driebergen, The Netherlands.

  13. Energy conservation in infants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blass, Elliott

    2015-08-01

    Energy acquisition through suckling has been widely studied in rat and human infants. Processes mediating energy conservation, however, have not received the attention that they deserve. This essay, in honor of Professor Jerry Hogan, discusses parallel behaviors used by rat and human mothers to minimize energy loss in their offspring. Parallel mechanisms underlying energy preservation have been identified in rats and humans, suggesting phylogenetic conservation and possibly continuity. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: In Honor of Jerry Hogan.

  14. Conservation Kickstart- Catalyzing Conservation Initiatives Worldwide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Treinish, G.

    2014-12-01

    Adventurers and Scientists for Conservation (ASC) is a nonprofit organization that collects environmental data to catalyze conservation initiatives worldwide. Adventure athletes have the skills and motivation to reach the most remote corners of the world. ASC utilizes those skills to provide the scientific community with data while providing the outdoor community with purpose beyond the personal high of reaching a summit or rowing across an ocean. We carefully select projects, choosing partnerships that will maximize the impact of ASC volunteers. Each project must have a clear path to a tangible conservation outcome and demonstrate a clear need for our brand of volunteers. We partner with government agencies, universities, and independant reseachers to kickstart data collection efforts around the world. Last year, through a partnership with the Olympic National Forest, 20 volunteers from the Seattle area set up and monitored camera traps in an effort to survey for costal Pacific marten. Our work led to the species' listing as "critically imperiled" with NatureServe. A partnership with the inaugural Great Pacific Race, engaging trans-Pacific rowing teams, searched for microplastics in the Pacific Ocean as part of our ongoing microplastics campaign. In a multi-year partnership with the American Prairie Reserve (APR), ASC volunteer crews live and work on the Reserve collecting wildlife data year round. The data we obtain directly informs the Reserve's wildlife management decisions. On this project, our crews have safely and effectively navigated temperature extremes from -30 degrees to 100+ degrees while traveling in a remote location. We are currently scouting projects in the Okavango Delta of Botswana and the rainforest of Suriname where we will be able to cover large amounts of area in a short periord of time. ASC is at the crossroads of the adventure and coservation science communities. Our approach of answering specific questions by using highly skilled and

  15. 农村初中语文作业有效性研究%Effective Research in Countryside Junior Middle School on Chinese Homework

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄阳光

    2014-01-01

    作业是语文教学的重要环节之一,是课堂教学的延续和补充,是学生巩固基础知识、形成基本技能的主要途径,是教师监控学生掌握知识程度的依据,同时也是实施素质教育、进行课程改革的重要载体。《语文新课程标准》指出:“重视学生读书、写作、口语交际、搜集处理信息等语文实践,提倡多读多写,改变机械、粗糙、繁琐的作业方式,让学生在语文实践中学习,学会学习。”但是,在农村初中的语文作业中,还存在许多问题,很多年前就在喊的“减负”还是流于形式,学生的负担并没有减轻。%Homework is one of the important link of Chinese teaching, is the extension and complement of classroom teaching and students to consolidate the basic knowledge, can form the main way to basic skills, teachers monitor students to master the degree of basis knowledge, as well as the implementation of quality education, the important carrier of curriculum reform.“Language new curriculum standard”pointed out:attaches great importance to the students’reading, writing, oral communication, to collect process information, such as the language practice,“advocates the read write, change the way of machinery, rough, tedious work, lets the student to learn the language in the language practice, earning to learn.”But in the countryside junior middle school Chinese homework, there exist many problems, many years ago in shout"burden"have become a mere formality. In fact it didn’t lessen the burden of students.

  16. Prospect on reform and development issues of Countryside finance%农村金融改革与发展问题展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马文明

    2012-01-01

    With the increasing developments of our rural financing institutions, the condition of rural finance market has a great influence on the economic development of society and agricultural loans gain a tendency to increase step by step. Meanwhile, the financial industry and financial services are keeping going innovatively and the foundation of credit system in rural financing market and Payment system need more progress. Therefore, we could prove a great foundation for creating a new socialist countryside if we fundamentally guarantee continuing development of financing institution. To address the new problem and condition involving rural finance innovation, we need efficient tax policy and finance policy to improve Modernization level of rural finance. We would accomplish the fundamental goal of stabilizing the rural financing market through perfect mechanism, improving services.%农村金融对农村经济社会发展具有重要的作用,随着我国农村金融机构的不断增加,涉农贷款呈现逐步增长的态势,金融产业和金融服务不断创新,农村金融的信用体系建设和支付体系建设需要进一步的改善,从根本上保证金融机构的可持续发展能力不断提升,为建设社会主义新农村创造良好的条件。针对农村金融改革过程中面临的新情况、新问题,需要采取有效的财税政策和金融政策,提升农村金融的现代化水平,通过完善机制、提升服务达到稳定农村金融市场的根本目标。

  17. 农村宅基地抵押试点运行机制研究%Operation Mechanism for Experimental Mortgage of House Sites in the Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱凌珂

    2014-01-01

    现行农村宅基地使用权抵押试点分别以财产流转性收益和农村金融市场扩展为抵押主题,采取农民房屋所有权并附属宅基地使用权间接抵押和宅基地使用权直接抵押两种模式,多种类型。试点宅基地使用权抵押融资存在抵押权合法性、抵押物处置效力的法律风险。宅基地使用权抵押应遵循适合我国土地政策和农民利益需求的合理途径,完善抵押登记制度;宅基地使用权转让应适度市场化运作,其受让后的宅基地使用权期限界定为30年为宜。%Currently , there are two themes of experimental mortgage of right to use house sites in the cou-ntryside , one is income of transferring property , and the other expanding rural financial market .There are two experimental models and several types , one is indirect mortgage of ownership of farmers ’ house and affiliated right to use house sites , and the other direct mortgage of right to use house sites .Experimental mortgage finan-cing of right to use house sites may take such legal risks as mortgage legitimacy and the disposal of the mort -gaged property .Mortgage of right to use house sites should follow the reasonable ways that fit land policies in our country and the interest of the farmers .Improve the system of mortgage registration , and abide by market-oriented operation on transferring right to use house sites .It is suggested that the time for transferee ’ s right to use house sites shall be 30 years advisably .

  18. 新农村建设的实施机制及其组织治理%The Operation Mechanism and Organization Institution Innovation of the New Countryside Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张日新; 潘光辉

    2011-01-01

    Under the inclusive growth background,the new countryside construction and urbanization will have more orchestration and interaction.This process requests the change and innovation in the traditional organization system and improves the new organization system and mechanism safeguard for the flow of rural labor,land and capital.Therefore,the effective implementation of new countryside construction depends on the innovation of agricultural industry organization,agricultural farmer cooperative organizations and rural governance mechanism,and do not just focus on how to increase the financial investment and government's active promotion.%在包容性增长的背景下,新农村建设与城镇化将具有更多的统筹与互动。这一过程要求对传统的组织制度进行变更与创新,为农村劳动力流动、土地流动、资金流动提高新的组织制度和机制保障,因此,新农村建设有效实施机制有赖于农业产业组织、农民合作组织和农村治理机制三大领域的创新,而不是仅仅着眼于如何加大财政投入和政府积极推动。

  19. A Study on the Value and the Realization of Ideological and Political Education in Countryside at Present%论当前农村思想政治教育的价值及其实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴凤庭

    2011-01-01

    The ideological and political education in countryside is crucial to the overall reform and development.Meanwhile, it is also the weak point of the ideological and political education of Communist party.Therefore, it is realistically meaningful to analyze and interpret its nature and characteristics, to analyze the current situation and to study how to realize the value of the ideological and political education in countryside from the perspective of value.%农村思想政治教育事关改革发展全局,同时又是党思想政治教育的薄弱环节.从价值论的角度分析、梳理和诠释农村思想政治教育价值的本质和特征,分析现状以及探索当前农村思想政治教育价值的实现,具有重要的现实意义.

  20. Designation and Realization of Countryside Oriented Digital Resource Service System%面向农村的数字化资源服务系统设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈建中; 杨帆

    2012-01-01

    Relying on the substantial electronic resources in digital library, the system architecture of countryside oriented web based digital resource service platform was developed. By integrating books and magazines related to agricultural issues and other special resources, multi-site remote updating and muti-user real-time access mode was designed to provide a visualized, intelligent and personalized information service mode suitable to the information requirement and application habits of countryside users. The system was basically completed and popularized all over the province, and had obtained desired effects.%依托数字图书馆海量电子资源,开发面向农村的基于Web的数字化服务平台的系统架构,通过整合涉农的书刊及特色资源,设计了多站点的远程更新和多用户实时访问方式,以提供适合农村用户信息需求和使用习惯的可视化、智能化及个性化信息服务模式,系统基本建成并在省域范围推广应用,达到了预期效果.

  1. The Data Conservancy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choudhury, S.; Duerr, R. E.

    2009-12-01

    NSF's Sustainable Digital Data Preservation and Access Network Partners program is an ambitious attempt to integrate a wide variety of expertise and infrastructure into a network for providing "reliable digital preservation, access, integration, and analysis capabilities for science." One of the first two DataNet award recipients, the Data Conservancy, is itself a network of widely diverse partners led by the libraries at the Johns Hopkins University. The Data Conservancy is built on existing exemplar scientific projects, communities, and virtual organizations that have deep engagement with their user communities, and extensive experience with large-scale distributed system development. Data Conservancy members embrace a shared vision that data curation is not an end, but rather a means to collect, organize, validate, and preserve data needed to address the grand research challenges that face society. Data Conservancy members holdings encompass the entire range of earth, life, and space science data. New to the Data Conservancy is the concept that University libraries will be part of the distributed network of data centers and that data science will become a path in the library and information science curricula. As noted by Winston Tabb (JHU Dean of Libraries) "Data Centers are the new library stacks."

  2. Creative Conservation Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houston, Jason

    2015-04-01

    I am a fellow with the International League of Conservation photographers (iLCP) and have been focused on photographing conservation dynamics at the intersection of social and environmental issues for a decade. Subjects have included traditional concerns such as deforestation, water conservation, endangered species, and fisheries. However, I rarely make photographs of the traditional nature, wildlife, landscapes, or environmental atrocities that most people think of when they think about environmentalism. Instead, I photograph people and how they live on the planet, as I believe passionately that without also considering social and cultural concerns, we will not be able to effectively and sustainably do conservation work or achieve positive environmental change. My presentation will share recent photography projects on forest conservation in Indonesian Borneo and fisheries management in Central America where I used a 'stakeholder profile-based' process to broadly survey the complexity of the issues while also making personal connections for these projects' diverse audiences. Through these case studies I will explore the opportunities and challenges of combining the authenticity, accuracy, and scientific validity of journalistic and documentary work with the emotional impact of the conventions of art and storytelling.

  3. Multi-cooperation of Cultural Heritage Conservation: The Cangdong Project of Guangdong Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, J.

    2015-09-01

    In recent years, some workshops and research cases have arisen in China to seek for suitable ways for heritage conservation and development of historic villages. However, the issue of multi-cooperation has not been much mentioned in research works. The case of Cangdong Project in Guangdong Province is a social enterprise. It is a center focusing on heritage education. It organizes tailor-made workshops for interested people from all over China and Hong Kong, Macao and overseas, including university courses for credits, summer/winter camps for primary and middle school students, as well as common people who are interested in heritage conservation. The purpose of the education center is to enhance heritage/cultural interest of the younger generations and common people, and try to work with local villagers to build a wealthy community. Nowadays, more and more villagers moved out for work and the countryside population in China is decreasing, this project also aims to create work opportunities for villagers through heritage conservation projects, so that the villagers can be willing to stay. The project focuses more in a sustainable way for community development. It has been five years since the project was set up in Cangdong Village. The project team worked with villagers, city people, students, scholars, different levels of local governments, investors, Medias, charitable organizations, as well as the market of tourism. As such, a platform of multi-cooperation for the above parties has formed during the past five years. This paper takes the Project experience from 2010-2015 as the case to study multi-cooperation in the field of heritage conservation in China, as well as to discuss how to co-operate the subjective initiatives of different stokeholds.

  4. Research on Risk Assessment of Unified Market of Construction Land between Urban and Countryside%关于建立城乡统一建设用地市场的风险评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王欢; 杨学成

    2016-01-01

    This paper recognizes and evaluates the risk of the unified market of construction land between urban and country-side quantitatively by using the method of analytic hierarchy process and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation according to a expert survey. The results showed that:(1)There are 5 dominant risk in the progress of the unified market of construction land be-tween urban and countryside, the sequence of the importance degree is: the risk of assault to the estate market, the risk of aggrieving the rights and interests of the farmers, the risk of weakening the efforts of the national macro-control, the risk of impairing the management effectiveness of the government, the risk of threatening the national food security.(2)The 5 the greatest risks in the index layer are the risk of cutting down the housing prices, the risk of the countryside homestead losing the function of social security, the risk of aggrieving the rights and interests of the farmers causing by information asymmetry, the risk of losing of control of land management by the governments, the risk of exacerbating the debt crisis of local govern-ments.(3)The systematic risk of the unified market of construction land between urban and countryside is 0.39, that is rela-tively low, and in a controllable condition. For the assessment result, we could take the necessary measures in order to pro-vide decision support for the healthy development of the unified market of construction land between urban and countryside.%运用层次分析法与模糊分析法,根据专家调查问卷的数据对我国建立城乡统一建设用地市场的风险进行识别与定量评估.研究结果表明:(1)建立城乡统一建设用地市场的风险主要有五个,其相对严重程度由高到低依次为房地产市场受冲击的风险、农民权益受侵害的风险、削弱国家宏观调控的风险、政府管理效益受损的风险、危及国家粮食安全的风险.(2)指标层中风险较大的五个风险依

  5. Conservation reaches new heights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pepall, J; Khanal, P

    1992-10-01

    The conservation program with the management assistance of the Woodlands Mountain Institute in 2 contiguous parks, the Mount Everest National Park in Nepal and the Qomolangma Nature Reserve in China, in 2 countries is described. The focus is on conservation of the complex ecosystem with sustainable development by showing local people how to benefit from the park without environmental damage. Cultural diversity is as important as biological diversity. The area has been designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site with the "last pure ecological seed" of the Himalayas. The regional geography and culture are presented. Population growth has impacted natural resources through overgrazing, cultivation of marginal land, and deforestation; future plans to build a dam and road bordering the nature reserve pose other threats. Proposed management plans for the Makalu-Barun Nature Park (established in November 1991) and Conservation Area include a division of the park into nature reserve areas free of human activity, protected areas which permit traditional land use, and special sites and trail for tourists and religious pilgrims. The conservation area will act as a buffer for the park and provide economic opportunities; further subdivisions include land use for biodiversity protection, community forest and pasture, agroforestry, and agriculture and settlement. Efforts will be made to increase the welfare of women and local people; proposed projects include the introduction of higher milk-producing animals for stall feeding. Also proposed is a cultural and natural history museum. 70% of the project's resources will be directed to local community participation in consultation and park maintenance. The project is a model of how conservation and protection of natural resources can coexist with local economic development and participation; an integration of preservation of biological diversity, mountain wisdom, and the value of local people as resources for conservation.

  6. Information, conservation and retrieval

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eng, T. [Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co., Stockholm (Sweden); Norberg, E. [National Swedish Archives, Stockholm (Sweden); Torbacke, J. [Stockholm Univ. (Sweden). Dept. of History; Jensen, M. [Swedish Radiation Protection Inst., Stockholm (Sweden)

    1996-12-01

    The seminar took place on the Swedish ship for transportation of radioactive wastes, M/S Sigyn, which at summer time is used for exhibitions. The seminar treated items related to general information needs in society and questions related to radioactive waste, i.e. how knowledge about a waste repository should be passed on to future generations. Three contributions are contained in the report from the seminar and are indexed separately: `Active preservation - otherwise no achieves`; `The conservation and dissemination of information - A democratic issue`; and, `Conservation and retrieval of information - Elements of a strategy to inform future societies about nuclear waste repositories`.

  7. General vorticity conservation

    CERN Document Server

    Gümral, H

    1998-01-01

    The motion of an incompressible fluid in Lagrangian coordinates involves infinitely many symmetries generated by the left Lie algebra of group of volume preserving diffeomorphisms of the three dimensional domain occupied by the fluid. Utilizing a 1+3-dimensional Hamiltonian setting an explicit realization of this symmetry algebra and the related Lagrangian and Eulerian conservation laws are constructed recursively. Their Lie algebraic structures are inherited from the same construction. The laws of general vorticity and helicity conservations are formulated globally in terms of invariant differential forms of the velocity field.

  8. 14 Conservation of Energy

    OpenAIRE

    Torre, Charles G.

    2014-01-01

    After all of these developments it is nice to keep in mind the idea that the wave equation describes (a continuum limit of) a network of coupled oscillators. This raises an interesting question. Certainly you have seen by now how important energy and momentum — and their conservation — are for understanding the behavior of dynamical systems such as an oscillator. If a wave is essentially the collective motion of many oscillators, might not there be a notion of conserved energy and momentum fo...

  9. Two Centuries of Soil Conservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helms, Douglas

    1991-01-01

    Narrates U.S. soil conservation history since the late eighteenth century. Discusses early practices such as contour plowing. Profiles individuals who promoted soil conservation and were largely responsible for the creation of the Soil Conservation Service. Explains the causes of erosion and how soil conservation districts help farmers prevent…

  10. Property development in the countryside

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Esben Munk; Mouritsen, Anne Kristine Munk; Staunstrup, Jan K.

    2004-01-01

    In Denmark rural areas is undergoing af rapid change from pure agriculture and forest to a mix between still bigger industrial farms and properties and small holdings for housing only, parttime farming and small industries in former agricultural buildings. In the seventies the national policy...... in transformation of ownership to land and properties. Field studies have documented how the individual expanding farmers acts strategically in the local battle of more land to build up a still more productive and efficient agricultural enterprise. The raising demand for land is also catalysed by the new land...

  11. Reviving Education In the Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yin Pumin

    2013-01-01

    Breathing new life into rural schools The Rongsheng Hope Primary School has witnessed a sharp drop in enrollment, declining from 180 students to only 30 in just three short years. Once upon a time, this school in a remote village in northwest China's Gansu Province catered to children up to grade

  12. Foreign Students in the Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    ??THE pearl raisers at Shanxiahu Town inZhejiang Province welcomed the two youngCuban women who arrived to leam how toraise artificial pearls by giving each of them aChinese name — Ah Zhen and Ah Zhu (bothmeaning "pearls" in Chinese). Ah Zhen, 30 years old, was a graduatefrom the Oriental University of Cuba with aDoctorate degree in veterinary studies, whileAh Zhu was a 28 year-old graduate fromHavana University with a Doctorate inbiology. The two Cuban women had come toChina to learn the art of artificial pearl raising

  13. Foundry energy conservation workbook

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-12-31

    This report discusses methods for promoting energy conservation in foundries. Use of electric power, natural gas, and coke are evaluated. Waste heat recovery systems are considered. Energy consumption in the specific processes of electric melting, natural gas melting, heat treatments, ladle melting, and coke fuel melting is described. An example energy analysis is included. (GHH)

  14. Supersymmetric non conservative systems

    CERN Document Server

    Martínez-Pérez, N E

    2015-01-01

    We give the generalization of a recent variational formulation for nonconservative classical mechanics, for fermionic and sypersymmetric systems. Both cases require slightly modified boundary conditions. The supersymmetric version is given in the superfield formalism. The corresponding Noether theorem is formulated. As expected, like the energy, the supersymmetric charges are not conserved. Examples are discussed.

  15. Communities, Cameras, and Conservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patterson, Barbara

    2012-01-01

    Communities, Cameras, and Conservation (CCC) is the most exciting and valuable program the author has seen in her 30 years of teaching field science courses. In this citizen science project, students and community volunteers collect data on mountain lions ("Puma concolor") at four natural areas and public parks along the Front Range of Colorado.…

  16. Conservation of fern spores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferns are a diverse and important group of plants, but diversity of species and populations are at risk from increasing social pressures, loss of habitat and climate change. Ex situ conservation is a useful strategy to limit decline in genetic diversity and requires technologies to preserve fern ger...

  17. Deficiencies in Water Conservancy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Recent droughts and floods show the fragility of China’s water conservancy capabilities Be it extreme flooding or severe droughts,China has yet to find a stable middle ground concerning its water supply.These disasters,primarily in the Yangtze

  18. Energy Conservation Simplified

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hecht, Eugene

    2008-01-01

    The standard formulation of energy conservation involves the subsidiary ideas of kinetic energy ("KE"), work ("W"), thermal energy, internal energy, and a half-dozen different kinds of potential energy ("PE"): elastic, chemical, nuclear, gravitational, and so forth. These quantities came to be recognized during the centuries over which the…

  19. Beyond conservation agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Giller, K.E.; Andersson, J.A.; Corbeels, Marc; Kirkegaard, John; Mortensen, David; Erenstein, Olaf; Vanlauwe, Bernard

    2015-01-01

    Global support for Conservation Agriculture (CA) as a pathway to Sustainable Intensification is strong. CA revolves around three principles: no-till (or minimal soil disturbance), soil cover, and crop rotation. The benefits arising from the ease of crop management, energy/cost/time savings, and

  20. Conservative Public Interest Litigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pell, Terence J.

    2007-01-01

    The idea that lawsuits can move a public as well as a legal agenda is not new. In recent years, conservatives have brought high profile lawsuits designed both to vindicate the rights of an individual plaintiff and to educate the public about an important issue. For example, lawsuits filed nearly 10 years ago against the University of Michigan's…

  1. Conservation and gene banking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plant conservation has several objectives the main ones include safeguarding our food supply, preserving crop wild relatives for breeding and selection of new cultivars, providing material for industrial and pharmaceutical uses and preserving the beauty and diversity of our flora for generations to ...

  2. The Conservation Fund

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-08-01

    Create Walkable Neighborhoods 3. Encourage Community and Stakeholder Collaboration 4. Foster Distinctive, Attractive Communities with a Strong Sense of...Network www.smartgrowth.org Smart Growth America www.smartgrowthamerica.net The International City /County Management Assn. www.icma.org The Conservation

  3. Beyond conservation agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Giller, K.E.; Andersson, J.A.; Corbeels, Marc; Kirkegaard, John; Mortensen, David; Erenstein, Olaf; Vanlauwe, Bernard

    2015-01-01

    Global support for Conservation Agriculture (CA) as a pathway to Sustainable Intensification is strong. CA revolves around three principles: no-till (or minimal soil disturbance), soil cover, and crop rotation. The benefits arising from the ease of crop management, energy/cost/time savings, and s

  4. Urban bird conservation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Snep, Robbert P.H.; Kooijmans, Jip Louwe; Kwak, Robert G.M.; Foppen, Ruud P.B.; Parsons, Holly; Awasthy, Monica; Sierdsema, Henk L.K.; Marzluff, John M.; Fernandez-Juricic, Esteban; Laet, de Jenny

    2016-01-01

    Following the call from the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity “Cities & Biodiversity Outlook” project to better preserve urban biodiversity, this paper presents stakeholder-specific statements for bird conservation in city environments. Based upon the current urban bird

  5. Conservative Pressures on Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryson, Joseph E.

    Pressure on the public schools is coming from conservative New Right religious-political groups. Their concerns focus on: (1) secular humanism--a Godless form of religion that the public schools are alleged to be teaching; (2) scientific evolution versus creationism--the balanced treatment statute; (3) Bible clubs and prayer in the classroom; and…

  6. 农村民间宗教的传播镜像——以华北地区农村基督教传播为例%Countryside folk Religion Dissemination Mirror Image——Take North China Countryside Christianity as the Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹广文

    2012-01-01

    在农村经济社会发展的同时,面对日益变迁的社会环境,农民的精神生活却进一步的空虚化,加之基督教本土化之后其本身对民众的吸引,使得在华北农村地区基督教徒增长迅速。家庭灌输、礼拜传道及乡间聚会成为基督教在华北农村的传播的基本形式,民间宗教在华北农村的发展过程中不仅对农民个体产生了很大的影响,而且也在潜移默化中促进了农村社会新秩序的构建和社会的重新整合。%With the development of rural economy and society,social environment is changing step by step,farmers’ spiritual life become vacuous further,moreover,people are attracted by Christianity after the Christian religion was localizad,so that Christian in the North China countryside area grow rapidly.Family instillation,worship and preaching Christianity as well as making up parties has become the basic form of propagation in northeast rural areas,civil religion not only had a great impact on individuals in the process of rural development in North China,but also unconsciously promote construction and social reintegration in a new social order in rural areas.

  7. Analysis of the existing medical resources in the countryside bases on VCT service%基于农村现有医疗资源的VCT服务

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈斌

    2014-01-01

    艾滋病的临床症状多种多样,一般初期的开始症状像流感,伤风、发热、食欲减退、体重减轻,随着病情的加重,全身疲劳无力症状日渐增多,如黏膜、皮肤出现白色念球菌感染,带状疱疹、单纯疱疹、血疱、血肿、紫斑、滞血斑,皮肤容易损伤,伤后出血不止;以后渐渐侵犯内脏器官,不断出现原因不明的持续性发热,可长达3~4个月;还可出现肝脾肿大、持续性腹泻、便血,并发呼吸困难、气短、咳嗽、恶性肿瘤等。在我国艾滋病疫情在逐年增加,扩展领域逐年加大,尤其是在农村地区,其形势严峻,感染人数众多。本文针对我国农村地区艾滋病问题,结合艾滋病的病理特点,对其进行分析并提出预防措施和对策,进而降低农村地区艾滋病的感染率,减轻艾滋病对人们的危害,提高人们的生活质量和生活水平。%AIDS of clinical symptoms variety, general early of began symptoms like cold, flu, body fatigue, appetite de-crease, fever, weight reduce, with illness of aggravated, symptoms grew increased, as skin, and stick skin appeared white read cocci infection, simple herpes, banded herpes, purple spot, hematoma, blood blister, delay spot, skin easy injury, bleeding more after hurt; gradually violations visceral organ, constantly appeared causes unknown of continued sex fever, for 3~4 months;also can appear persistent diarrhea, blood in the stool, hepatosplenomegaly, complicated with malignant tumors, respiratory difficulties, and so on. The HIV/AIDS epidemic in our country increased, expand cooper-ation areas gradually increased, especially for those living in the countryside, the situation was grim, the number of in-fections was large. In view of AIDS in rural China, combined with the characteristic of AIDS cases, to analyze and pro-pose preventive measures and countermeasures and thereby reducing HIV infection rates in rural areas

  8. 区域旅游开发与城乡协调发展的内在影响研究%Research on Harmonizing Development Between City and Countryside and Regional Tourism Exploitation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘长生; 简玉峰

    2012-01-01

    By using the generalized entropy index, the article deeply decomposes the disparities of city-countryside development of sub-national, eastern, middle and western China, the paper establishes static and dynamic panel data model of inner affecting mechanism between tourism industry exploitation and harmonizing development, and demonstration reveals: disparities of city-countryside development in China are very great, and with a trend of expending. The disparities mainly are derived from difference of among regions, which is increasing with time passing. The disparities of interior regions are comparatively less, and which is decreasing. Tourism industry exploitation provides many employment and investment opportunity for countryside villager, and brings about corresponding working and investing income for them, and brings about big positive effect for urban-rural coordinated development. However, the effect takes on notability difference among eastern, middle and western area. Capital asserts have a smaller effect on urban-rural coordinated development than employment.%利用广义熵指数对中国城乡协调发展的不均衡性进行测度与分解,构建区域旅游产业开发与城乡协调发展的内在影响机制的静态与动态面板计量模型,并进行实证计量分析,结果显示:旅游产业开发吸收了大量乡村居民从事非农业劳动和参与相关旅游项目投资,获得相应的劳动收入与投资性收益,对城乡协调均衡发展有较大的积极影响,但这种影响存在显著的地区差异性。旅游产业固定资产投资对城乡协调发展的影响相对较小,而劳动就业对城乡协调发展的影响相对较大。

  9. The Study of the Healthy Level and the Physical Education of the Children Left in the Chinese Poor Countryside Area%农村留守儿童健康水平及体育干预研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓

    2013-01-01

    T his paper studies some articles talked about the healthy level and the living conditions .On these research bases ,in order to study what the function and effect would be of the Children left by the poor countryside area by the education intervention . this paper designs a system of the intervention to practice .T he conclusion of this article show s that :most of the children are raised by Grandparents Guard-ianship ;Most of the Children do not have a healthy lifestyle and no physical training idea ;Among these children the article studies ,9 .69% of them have psychological disadvantage ,60% above of them have psy-chological problems .The experiment result of the Physical education intervention shows that :it will grad-ually increase the participate sense ,distinctively decrease the depression ,the fear ,the anxiety ,the cranki-ness ,the social adjustment factor ,and the total number of mental health (P< 0 .01) .The result shows that the intervention also remarkably increase the mental healthy level .Therefore ,this article recom-mends :the government should try to perfect the physical education facilities in the countryside area ,solve the problem of the lack of physical teachers ,set up the public physical training service system in the coun-tryside ,in order to create a better physical training condition for the children .%农村留守儿童身心健康存在不少问题,基本没有形成良好的生活习惯和体育健身意识。通过体育干预,农村留守儿童的心理健康水平明显提高。建议政府继续改善山区学校的体育设施,解决体育师资短缺问题,加快农村体育公共服务体系的建设,为留守儿童创造良好的体育生活条件。

  10. Conservation businesses and conservation planning in a biological diversity hotspot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Minin, Enrico; Macmillan, Douglas Craig; Goodman, Peter Styan; Escott, Boyd; Slotow, Rob; Moilanen, Atte

    2013-08-01

    The allocation of land to biological diversity conservation competes with other land uses and the needs of society for development, food, and extraction of natural resources. Trade-offs between biological diversity conservation and alternative land uses are unavoidable, given the realities of limited conservation resources and the competing demands of society. We developed a conservation-planning assessment for the South African province of KwaZulu-Natal, which forms the central component of the Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany biological diversity hotspot. Our objective was to enhance biological diversity protection while promoting sustainable development and providing spatial guidance in the resolution of potential policy conflicts over priority areas for conservation at risk of transformation. The conservation-planning assessment combined spatial-distribution models for 646 conservation features, spatial economic-return models for 28 alternative land uses, and spatial maps for 4 threats. Nature-based tourism businesses were competitive with other land uses and could provide revenues of >US$60 million/year to local stakeholders and simultaneously help meeting conservation goals for almost half the conservation features in the planning region. Accounting for opportunity costs substantially decreased conflicts between biological diversity, agricultural use, commercial forestry, and mining. Accounting for economic benefits arising from conservation and reducing potential policy conflicts with alternative plans for development can provide opportunities for successful strategies that combine conservation and sustainable development and facilitate conservation action. © 2013 Society for Conservation Biology.

  11. Metrology and Energy Conservation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xuan Xiang

    2006-01-01

    @@ May 20 is World Metrology Day and the theme of this year is "Metrology and Energy Conservation." Energy is not only a vital issue for China, but also for the world. In order to implement Proposal of the CPC Central Committee on the 11th Five-Year Program for National Economic and Social Development, the government bulletin of 5th Plenary Session of the 16th CPC Central Committee announced that "there shall be marked improvement on resource utilization; the energy consumption for unit GDP shall cut 20%, water consumption of unit industrial added value drop 30%... and the recycle ratio of industrial solid wastes shall raise by 60%." These are key targets of economic development during the 11th five-year program. To make full use of metrology for energy conservation and energy utilization, the competent metrology department of Chinese Goyernment advanced metrology program in light of China's energy status.

  12. Bison Conservation Initiative : Bison Conservation Genetics Workshop : Reports and Recommendations

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — One of the first outcomes of the Department of the Interior (DOI) Bison Conservation Initiative was the Bison Conservation Genetics Workshop held in Nebraska in...

  13. Selling Conservation? Scientific Legitimacy and the Commodification of Conservation Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jenny A. Cousins

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Conservation tourism is a rapidly growing subsector of ecotourism that engages paying volunteers as active participants in conservation projects. Once the preserve of charities, the sector now hosts a proliferation of private companies seeking to make money by selling international conservation work to tourists as a commodity. The commodification of conservation depends upon balancing the scientific legitimacy of projects against the need to offer desirable tourist experiences. Drawing on interviews with UK tour operators and their counterparts in South Africa who run the conservation projects, we explore the transnational geography of commercial conservation tourism, charting how scientific legitimacy is constructed and negotiated within the industry. Although conservation tourism makes trade-offs between scientific rigor and neoliberal market logic, it is a partial and plural process that resists simple categorization. We conclude by considering the difference that commodification makes to conservation science, and vice versa.

  14. Laser conservation paleontology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asmus, John F.

    2001-10-01

    Just as lasers have found countless applications in science, industry, medicine, and entertainment, an array of real and potential uses for lasers in art-conservation analytes and practice have been investigated over the past thirty years. These include holographic recording, holographic recording, holographic nondestructive testing, laser-induced ultrasonic imaging, laser-scattering surface characterization, atomic and molecular analyses, photoacoustic spectroscopy, surface modification, as well as surface divestment and cleaning. The initial endeavors in exploring and assessing the utility of these tools for art conservation are recounted for investigations involving ruby, glass, ion, YAG, carbon dioxide, dye, and excimer lasers as well as high-intensity nonlaser light generators such as xenon flashlamps and argon pinchlamps. Initially, laser divestment/cleaning was, by general consensus, the least plausible laser application in art conservation. In the past ten years it has emerged to dominate all the other applications noted above. Today, at least a dozen firms supply user-friendly laser systems optimized for a range of art-conservation divestment applications. The first-generation laser-cleaning tools are essentially a laser, a beam-delivery device, and a debris- collection accessory. Advanced developmental work has turned in large measure to ancillary subsystems for more sophisticated process control. Of particular importance are acoustic, optical, spectral, EMP, and electronic-vision process control. Beam direction may be via manual, translational-scanner, or robotic beam positioning implemented by means of fiber optics, minors, or prisms and computer control. Substrate thermal alteration and debris redeposition may be minimized or avoided through the incorporation of a gas jet, fluid or fluid jet, or dry-ice blast.

  15. 我国农村小额信贷的规模确定问题探索%Probing into China countryside small amount credit loan's scale

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李倩; 卢潇

    2011-01-01

    Indian Microfinance Crisis of 2010 deepen our understanding about Inclusive Financial Sectors.According to analyzing the market demand of microfinance in countryside,the paper makes a model and comes to a conclusion that average per capita income of farme%2010年印度小额信贷危机的发生,使我们对小额信贷规模问题加深了认识,本文通过对农村小额信贷市场需求分析,建立数学模型,得出结论:小额信贷的农户年人均收入和农产品生产价格水平是需求规模确定的关键因素。笔者并结合我国现存农村小额信贷问题,提出了若干相应的建议。

  16. 75 FR 59469 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Refrigerators...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-27

    ... Energy 10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential... Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Refrigerators, Refrigerator... Conservation Act (EPCA) prescribes energy conservation standards for various consumer products and......

  17. Social Stratification of Residents in the Countryside of China:An Empirical Evidence from Jiangsu Province%中国农村居民社会分层状况实证分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾和军

    2013-01-01

      改革开放以来,中国农村社会分层发生重大变化,均质同构的社会结构从根本上被打破。通过对江苏省农村居民社会分层状况的调查研究,可看出中国农村居民无论是职业还是收入分层的趋势已初步显现,从总体结构上看,呈现出底盘和中间阶层都较大的“烛台”结构。未来中国农村现代化的基本目标就是农村居民的职业转换和城市化,而通过教育或培训以提高“下下层”(种田农民及无业人员)的人力资本,是实现这一目标的重要前提。%Since the reform and opening-up, significant changes have occurred in social stratification in China�s countryside areas and the social structure of homogeneous isomorphism has fundamentally been broken. According to the study on rural residents�social stratification in Jiangsu Province, it is observed that the trend of Chinese rural residents�occupation and income stratification has been initially apparent. From the overall struc-ture perspective, it presents that the lower class and the middle class are larger “candlestick” structure. The basic goal of the future modernization in china�s countryside areas is occupation transfer of rural residents and urbanization, and education and training are important prerequisite to improve the human capital of“under the lower class”( including farmers and the unemployed) .

  18. 新农村建设视角下的陕西小城镇发展研究%Research on the Development of Small Towns in Shaanxi Province from the Angle of New Countryside Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张萍; 李富荣

    2011-01-01

    陕西小城镇因存在规划缺乏科学性,空间分布缺乏合理性、基础设施落后、环境竞争力不强等问题.为此,应因地制宜,科学规划,把住小城镇建设方向;打造特色,培育产业,增添小城镇经济活力;加快建设,完善功能,优化小城镇发展;拓宽建设资金渠道,加大投入力度;坚持环保,生态和可持续发展原则,走可持续发展的道路,从而加快陕西小城镇及新农村建设步伐.%There are many problems in countryside of Shaanxi province such as plan is not scientific, space distribution is not unreasonable,infrastructure is old-fashioned, and competition of environment is weak.So, we need to adjust measures to local conditions, make scientific plan and grasp the developing direction of countryside; We need to develop local characteristics and industry, increase the economic vitality of small towns.We need to speed up the construction, perfect the function and optimize the development of small towns.We also need to expand the channel of obtaining the construction funds, increase investment, stick to the principles of the environmental protection, the ecology and the sustainable development, to speed up the construction of small towns and new countries in Shaanxi province.

  19. Saving Money Through Energy Conservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Presley, Michael H.; And Others

    This publication is an introduction to personal energy conservation. The first chapter presents a rationale for conserving energy and points out that private citizens control about one third of this country's energy consumption. Chapters two and three show how to save money by saving energy. Chapter two discusses energy conservation methods in the…

  20. 76 FR 22785 - Wetland Conservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-25

    ... 7 CFR Part 12 RIN 0578-AA58 Wetland Conservation AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, United States.... Background Existing wetland conservation provisions in 7 CFR part 12 require that NRCS' certification of a... Subjects in 7 CFR Part 12 Administrative practices and procedures, Soil conservation, Wetlands. For...

  1. Conservation Education: A Position Statement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soil Conservation Society of America, Ankeny, IA.

    The Soil Conservation Society of America's (SCSA) aim is to advance the science and art of good land and water use. Conservation education has a significant role in achieving the wise use of these resources. In this report, perspectives are offered on: (1) the requirements for effective conservation education programs; (2) rationale for…

  2. Approved Practices in Soil Conservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, Albert B.

    This book is written for individuals who wish to apply conservation practices, especially those of soil and water conservation, without technical assistance, to meet one's own conditions, and within his own capability to apply them. To meet these needs, the book includes a discussion and description of soil and water conservation methods for the…

  3. Integrating conservation costs into sea level rise adaptive conservation prioritization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mingjian Zhu

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Biodiversity conservation requires strategic investment as resources for conservation are often limited. As sea level rises, it is important and necessary to consider both sea level rise and costs in conservation decision making. In this study, we consider costs of conservation in an integrated modeling process that incorporates a geomorphological model (SLAMM, species habitat models, and conservation prioritization (Zonation to identify conservation priorities in the face of landscape dynamics due to sea level rise in the Matanzas River basin of northeast Florida. Compared to conservation priorities that do not consider land costs in the analysis process, conservation priorities that consider costs in the planning process change significantly. The comparison demonstrates that some areas with high conservation values might be identified as lower priorities when integrating economic costs in the planning process and some areas with low conservation values might be identified as high priorities when considering costs in the planning process. This research could help coastal resources managers make informed decisions about where and how to allocate conservation resources more wisely to facilitate biodiversity adaptation to sea level rise.

  4. Energy conservation technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Courtright, H.A. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States)

    1993-12-31

    The conservation of energy through the efficiency improvement of existing end-uses and the development of new technologies to replace less efficient systems is an important component of the overall effort to reduce greenhouse gases which may contribute to global climate change. Even though uncertainties exist on the degree and causes of global warming, efficiency improvements in end-use applications remain in the best interest of utilities, their customers and society because efficiency improvements not only reduce environmental exposures but also contribute to industrial productivity, business cost reductions and consumer savings in energy costs.

  5. Is Baryon Number Conserved?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pati, Jogesh C.; Salam, Abdus

    We suggest that baryon-number conservation may not be absolute and that an integrally charged quark may disintegrate into two leptons and an antilepton with a coupling strength G Bmp2≲ 10-9. On the other hand, if quarks are much heavier than low-lying hadrons, the decay of a three-quark system like the proton is highly forbidden (proton lifetime ≳ 1028 y). Motivation for these ideas appears to arise within a unified theory of hadrons and leptons and their gauge interactions. We emphasize the consequences of such a possibility for real quark searches.

  6. Conservation Laws with Dissipation,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-07-01

    smooth, due to the formation of shock waves. However, global solutions exist in the class of functions of bounded variation ,/in the sense of Tonelli...hyperbolic conservation law (2.2) ut + f(u)x -0 The Cauchy problem for (2.2), with initial data u(x,O), of bounded variation , admits a solution in the class...BV of functions of bounded variation ,.in the sense of Tonelli-Cesari. No gain would be made by assuming that u(x,O) is smoother, even analytic! In

  7. CHP and Energy Conservation

    OpenAIRE

    McGovern, Jim

    1995-01-01

    The principles of the use of 'combined heat and power' (CHP) for the achievement of fuel energy conservation, minimisation of environmental impact and economic advantage are explained. A distinction is made between the two types of outputs: heat and work. It is argued that an efficiency value that is defined as the sum of the heat and work outputs divided by the energy of the fuel used is not very meaningful. An alternative, rational, efficiency is explained. It is concluded that CHP is an op...

  8. Hearing Conservation Live #2430

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chochoms, Michael [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-08-09

    Occupational hearing loss is one of the most common work-related illnesses in the United States (US). From 22 to 30 million US workers are exposed to hazardous noise levels at work, and 25% of these workers will develop permanent hearing loss. Hearing loss from noise is slow and painless, and you can have a disability before you notice it. This course presents the hazards associated with workplace noise, the purpose and elements of the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Hearing Conservation Program (HCP), and controls that are available to reduce your exposure to hazardous levels of noise.

  9. Beyond conservation agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giller, Ken E.; Andersson, Jens A.; Corbeels, Marc; Kirkegaard, John; Mortensen, David; Erenstein, Olaf; Vanlauwe, Bernard

    2015-01-01

    Global support for Conservation Agriculture (CA) as a pathway to Sustainable Intensification is strong. CA revolves around three principles: no-till (or minimal soil disturbance), soil cover, and crop rotation. The benefits arising from the ease of crop management, energy/cost/time savings, and soil and water conservation led to widespread adoption of CA, particularly on large farms in the Americas and Australia, where farmers harness the tools of modern science: highly-sophisticated machines, potent agrochemicals, and biotechnology. Over the past 10 years CA has been promoted among smallholder farmers in the (sub-) tropics, often with disappointing results. Growing evidence challenges the claims that CA increases crop yields and builds-up soil carbon although increased stability of crop yields in dry climates is evident. Our analyses suggest pragmatic adoption on larger mechanized farms, and limited uptake of CA by smallholder farmers in developing countries. We propose a rigorous, context-sensitive approach based on Systems Agronomy to analyze and explore sustainable intensification options, including the potential of CA. There is an urgent need to move beyond dogma and prescriptive approaches to provide soil and crop management options for farmers to enable the Sustainable Intensification of agriculture. PMID:26579139

  10. Lyme disease and conservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginsberg, H.

    1994-01-01

    Lyme disease is a tick-borne illness that is wide-spread in North America, especially in the northeastern and northcentral United States. This disease could negatively influence efforts to conserve natural populations in two ways: (1) the disease could directly affect wild animal health; and (2) tick control efforts could adversely affect natural populations and communities. Lyme disease affects several domestic animals, but symptoms have been reported in only a few wild species. Direct effects of Lyme disease on wild animal populations have not been reported, but the disease should be considered as a possible cause in cases of unexplained population declines in endemic areas. Methods available to manage ticks and Lyme disease include human self-protection techniques, manipulation of habitats and hosts species populations, biological control, and pesticide applications. The diversity of available techniques allows selection of approaches to minimize environmental effects by (1) emphasizing personal protection techniques, (2) carefully targeting management efforts to maximize efficiency, and (3) integrating environmentally benign techniques to improve management while avoiding broad-scale environmentally destructive approaches. The environmental effects of Lyme disease depend, to a large extent, on the methods chosen to minimize human exposure to infected ticks. Conservation biologists can help design tick management programs that effectively lower the incidence of human Lyme disease while simultaneously minimizing negative effects on natural populations.

  11. Selling energy conservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinrichsen, D

    1995-01-01

    This article concerns the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) crisis and its impact on energy efficiency measures in the US. In 1985, when the OPEC collapsed, the US government had avoided the need to construct 350 gigawatts of new electric capacity. The most successful efficiency improvements, especially in household appliances and equipment, lighting and tightened energy efficiency standards in new buildings, resulted from the OPEC event. The real innovation of that time was the change in profit rules for utilities. This revolution and the way some US utilities view energy have not caught on elsewhere. Despite the initiative toward improving energy efficiency in homes, offices and industries, the change has been slow. Partly to blame are the big development banks, which pointed out that short-term conservation and efficiency measures could save at least 15% of the total energy demand without the need for major investment. The benefits of energy conservation was shown during the oil shock when per capita energy consumption fell by 5% in the member states of the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development, while the per capita gross domestic product grew by a third. There has been a decrease in energy expenditure worldwide, and the scope for further energy savings is enormous, but governments need to recognize and seize the opportunity.

  12. Beyond Conservation Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ken E Giller

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Global support for Conservation Agriculture (CA as a pathway to Sustainable Intensification is strong. CA revolves around three principles: no-till (or minimal soil disturbance, soil cover, and crop rotation. The benefits arising from the ease of crop management, energy/cost/time savings and soil and water conservation led to widespread adoption of CA, particularly on large farms in the Americas and Australia, where farmers harness the tools of modern science: highly-sophisticated machines, potent agrochemicals and biotechnology. Over the past ten years CA has been promoted among smallholder farmers in the (sub- tropics, often with disappointing results. Growing evidence challenges the claims that CA increases crop yields and builds-up soil carbon although increased stability of crop yields in dry climates is evident. Our analyses suggest pragmatic adoption on larger mechanized farms, and limited uptake of CA by smallholder farmers in developing countries. We propose a rigorous, context-sensitive approach based on Systems Agronomy to analyze and explore sustainable intensification options, including the potential of CA. There is an urgent need to move beyond dogma and prescriptive approaches to provide soil and crop management options for farmers to enable the Sustainable Intensification of agriculture.

  13. Molecular contributions to conservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haig, Susan M.

    1998-01-01

    Recent advances in molecular technology have opened a new chapter in species conservation efforts, as well as population biology. DNA sequencing, MHC (major histocompatibility complex), minisatellite, microsatellite, and RAPD (random amplified polymorphic DNA) procedures allow for identification of parentage, more distant relatives, founders to new populations, unidentified individuals, population structure, effective population size, population-specific markers, etc. PCR (polymerase chain reaction) amplification of mitochondrial DNA, nuclear DNA, ribosomal DNA, chloroplast DNA, and other systems provide for more sophisticated analyses of metapopulation structure, hybridization events, and delineation of species, subspecies, and races, all of which aid in setting species recovery priorities. Each technique can be powerful in its own right but is most credible when used in conjunction with other molecular techniques and, most importantly, with ecological and demographic data collected from the field. Surprisingly few taxa of concern have been assayed with any molecular technique. Thus, rather than showcasing exhaustive details from a few well-known examples, this paper attempts to present a broad range of cases in which molecular techniques have been used to provide insight into conservation efforts.

  14. Defining biocultural approaches to conservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gavin, Michael C; McCarter, Joe; Mead, Aroha; Berkes, Fikret; Stepp, John Richard; Peterson, Debora; Tang, Ruifei

    2015-03-01

    We contend that biocultural approaches to conservation can achieve effective and just conservation outcomes while addressing erosion of both cultural and biological diversity. Here, we propose a set of guidelines for the adoption of biocultural approaches to conservation. First, we draw lessons from work on biocultural diversity and heritage, social-ecological systems theory, integrated conservation and development, co-management, and community-based conservation to define biocultural approaches to conservation. Second, we describe eight principles that characterize such approaches. Third, we discuss reasons for adopting biocultural approaches and challenges. If used well, biocultural approaches to conservation can be a powerful tool for reducing the global loss of both biological and cultural diversity.

  15. [Estimation on value of water and soil conservation of agricultural ecosystems in Xi' an metropolitan, Northwest China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Wen-yan; Zhou, Zhong-xue

    2014-12-01

    With the urban eco-environment increasingly deteriorating, the ecosystem services provided by modern urban agriculture are exceedingly significant to maintain and build more suitable environment in a city. Taking Xi' an metropolitan as the study area, based on remote sensing data, DEM data and the economic and social statistics data, the water and soil conservation service of the agricultural ecosystems was valued employing the remote sensing and geographic information system method, covering the reduction values on land waste, soil fertility loss and sediment loss from 2000 to 2011, and analyzed its changes in time and space. The results showed that during the study period, the total value of water and soil conservation service provided by agricultural systems in Xi' an metropolitan was increased by 46,086 and 33.008 billion yuan respectively from period of 2000 to 2005 and from 2005 to 2011. The cultivated land (including grains, vegetables and other farming land), forest (including orchard) and grassland provided higher value on the water and soil conservation service than waters and other land use. Ecosystem service value of water and soil conserva- tion provided by agriculture was gradually decreasing from the southern to the northern in Xi' an metropolitan. There were significantly positive relationship between the ecosystem service value and the vegetation coverage. Forest, orchard and grassland distributed intensively in the southern which had higher vegetation coverage than in northern where covered by more cultivated land, sparse forest and scattered orchard. There were significantly negative correlation between the urbanization level and the value of water and soil conservation. The higher level of urbanization, the lower value there was from built-up area to suburban and to countryside within Xi' an metropolitan.

  16. Community strategy for mangrove forest conservation: Conquista Campesina Conservation Easement

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    The drafting of a community plan for mangrove forest conservation in the communal land of Conquista Campesina (Tapachula, Chiapas, Mexico) is part of a more ambitious project aimed at establishing a protected wetlands corridor in the coastal region of the state of Chiapas. The purpose is to guarantee the conservation, protection and restoration of priority wetlands, placing special emphasis on vulnerable ecosystems. With the technical support of Pronatura Sur A. C. and after signing a conserv...

  17. Energy efficiency and conservation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Warren, A. [Association for the Conservation of Energy, London (United Kingdom)

    1999-07-01

    The article discusses energy efficiency and conservation in the light of what is termed 'least cost planning'. It is explained how the normal market economy scenario of producing and purchasing in terms of supply and demand are not sufficient to describe the energy market. Seven market imperfections and barriers which hinder optimal investment in energy efficiency are listed. Much of the article is devoted to explaining the meaning of least cost planning and compares energy bills with energy prices. Sub-headings in the article include: (i) Integrated Resource Planning as an Instrument of Strategic Resource Planning; (ii) Accounting for the Environmental Externalities of Electricity Production in the USA; (iii) Monetization Using Damage Costs; (iv) Monetization Using Control Costs; (v) Damage Costs versus Control Costs for Policy Purposes and (vi) Unpriceable Environmental Costs.

  18. Conservative Noise Filters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mona M.Jamjoom

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Noisy training data have a huge negative impact on machine learning algorithms. Noise-filtering algorithms have been proposed to eliminate such noisy instances. In this work, we empirically show that the most popular noise-filtering algorithms have a large False Positive (FP error rate. In other words, these noise filters mistakenly identify genuine instances as outliers and eliminate them. Therefore, we propose more conservative outlier identification criteria that improve the FP error rate and, thus, the performance of the noise filters. With the new filter, an instance is eliminated if and only if it is misclassified by a mutual decision of Naïve Bayesian (NB classifier and the original filtering criteria being used. The number of genuine instances that are incorrectly eliminated is reduced as a result, thereby improving the classification accuracy.

  19. Why not energy conservation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, Shawn

    2016-01-01

    Energy conservation is a deep principle that is obeyed by all of the fundamental forces of nature. It puts stringent constraints on all systems, particularly systems that are ‘isolated,’ meaning that no energy can enter or escape. Notwithstanding the success of the principle of stationary action, it is fair to wonder to what extent physics can be formulated from the principle of stationary energy. We show that if one interprets mechanical energy as a state function, then its stationarity leads to a novel formulation of classical mechanics. However, unlike Lagrangian and Hamiltonian mechanics, which deliver their state functions via algebraic proscriptions (i.e., the Lagrangian is always the difference between a system’s kinetic and potential energies), this new formalism identifies its state functions as the solutions to a differential equation. This is an important difference because differential equations can generate more general solutions than algebraic recipes. When applied to Newtonian systems for which the energy function is separable, these state functions are always the mechanical energy. However, while the stationary state function for a charged particle moving in an electromagnetic field proves not to be energy, the function nevertheless correctly encodes the dynamics of the system. Moreover, the stationary state function for a free relativistic particle proves not to be the energy either. Rather, our differential equation yields the relativistic free-particle Lagrangian (plus a non-dynamical constant) in its correct dynamical context. To explain how this new formalism can consistently deliver stationary state functions that give the correct dynamics but that are not always the mechanical energy, we propose that energy conservation is a specific realization of a deeper principle of stationarity that governs both relativistic and non-relativistic mechanics.

  20. Values, Advocay and Conservation Biology

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    In this essay, I examine the controversy concerning the advocacy of ethical values in conservation biology. First, I argue, as others have, that conservation biology is a science laden with values both ethical and non-ethical. Second, after clarifying the notion of advocacy at work, I contend that conservation biologists should advocate the preservation of biological diversity. Third, I explore what ethical grounds should be used for advocating the preservation of ecological systems by conser...

  1. 77 FR 74167 - Information Collection Request: Highly Erodible Land Conservation and Wetland Conservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-13

    ... Farm Service Agency Information Collection Request: Highly Erodible Land Conservation and Wetland... associated with Highly Erodible Land Conservation and Wetland Conservation certification requirements. This.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Highly Erodible Land Conservation and Wetland Conservation Certification....

  2. Conservative treatment in acute appendicitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G R Paudel

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Acute appendicitis is one of the commonest surgical problems and appendectomy is one of the most commonly done operations in the emergency world wide. Though there have been occasional reports with conservative treatment in acute appendicitis, it is not being practiced as a routine. METHODS: All patients between ten to sixty years of age admitted at BPKIHS with the diagnosis of acute appendicitis over a period of one year were enrolled in the study. After taking informed consent the patients were managed conservatively. Those who did not respond to antibiotics within 24 hours were operated. Total hospital stay and complications were recorded and they were followed up at first week, sixth week and sixth month. The success rate, conversion rate, recurrence rate and morbidity and mortality pattern were assessed as the final outcome of conservative treatment of acute appendicitis. RESULTS: A total of 96 patients (48 males and 48 females underwent conservative treatment. The conservative treatment was successful in 79 (82.3% cases and failed in 11 (11.4% cases, which included: conversion to appendectomy during conservative treatment period 4 (4.2% cases, recurrence 7 (7.3% cases. There was no mortality in this study. CONCLUSION: Acute appendicitis can be treated successfully with conservative (antibiotics treatment with a short hospital stay. Though there is a risk of recurrence in some cases, all the complications after appendectomy can be eliminated with the conservative treatment. Keywords: acute appendicitis, appendicular lump, conservative management

  3. Democracy in Conservation – Wall Painting Conservation and Church Communities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brajer, Isabelle Eve

    2007-01-01

    Wall painting conservation in Denmark has been functioning within a democratically organised church infrastructure for more than 100 years, which permits an overview of community involvement in conservation over a longer period. The case stories presented here show widely varying attitudes held...

  4. 开江县农村已婚妇女子宫肌瘤调查分析%Investigation Study of Countryside be Married Woman Hysteromyoma in Kaijiang County, Sichuan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向小玲; 刘明; 高巍巍; 陈廷喜; 黄道贵; 王锡敏

    2013-01-01

      目的掌握开江县农村已婚妇女子宫肌瘤患病情况,给防制措施提供科学依据。方法对开江县20个乡镇农村已婚妇女11798人子宫肌瘤普查结果进行分析。结果全县子宫肌瘤患病率为1.09%,边远山区患病率显著高于平坝地区(P<0.01),25岁年龄组患病率开始升高,45岁年龄组达高峰,以后随年龄增长而逐渐降低(P<0.01),高中、中专患病率显著高于文盲和大学文化(P<0.01),生育史1次和4次以上患病率较高(P<0.05),有人流史患病率高于无人流史(P<0.05)。结论边远山区、40~50岁、高中和中专、有人流史者的人群是开江县农村已婚妇女子宫肌瘤防治的重点对象。%  Objective To master the countryside be married woman hysteromyoma prevalence rate in Kaijiang county Sichuan province to provide scientific data for prevention and treatment measurements.Methods Studing of the countryside be married woman 11798 hysteromyoma general investigation results in 20 vilages and towns Kaijiang county. Results hysteromyoma prevalence rate was 1.09% in Kaijiang county, the mountain area hysteromyoma prevalence rate was higher than the flat area(P<0.01),over age 25 years hysteromyoma prevalence rate in-ital stage to 45 years was higher,after age of increase but also a decline in the prevalence rate(P<0.01), the middle schooling and middle vocational schooling hysteromyoma prevalence rate was higher than iliterate and university(P<0.01),the bear children many one and four hysteromyoma prevalence rate was higher (P<0.05), have artificial abortion hysteromyoma prevalence rate was higher than no artificial abortion(P<0.05). Conclusions Focal point object of the mountain area, over age 45 to 50 years, the middle schooling and middle vocational schooling, have artificial abortion is hysteromyoma prevention and treat of countryside be married woman in Kaijiang county.

  5. 上海市农村常住居民自我药疗风险及影响因素分析%Risks and influencing factors analysis of inhabitant ’ s self-medicine in Shanghai countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董春玲; 刘晓虹; 叶旭春

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the status of inhabitant ’ s self-medicine in Shanghai countryside , and to explore its risks and influencing factors .Methods We utilized self-designed normal information questionnaire and self-medicine risks survey questionnaire , and a total of 750 questionnaires had been distributed to survey Shanghai countryside inhabitants ’ demographic data and self-medicine risks survey . Results We gave out 750 questionnaires and retrieved 712 , so percent retrieve was 94 .9%.A total of 656 of them were effective (effective rate 92.1%).Inhabitants in Shanghai countryside acquired 2.10 ±0.55 scores for risks of self-medicine.Inhabitants with different gender , occupation, degree of education, family income, medical insurance and daily routine had different level of self-medicine risks ( P <0.05 ).According to multivariate analysis , the main influencing factors of self-medicine included the type of medical insurance , daily routine, the degree of education and occupation (P<0.01).Conclusions The behavior of inhabitant’s self-medicine should be brought into standardized management under professional instruction to minimize personal health risks and social medical resources waste .%目的:调查上海市农村常住居民自我药疗行为现状,探讨其风险及影响因素。方法使用自行设计的问卷,对750名上海市农村常住居民发放问卷,进行一般人口学资料和自我药疗行为风险调查。结果共发放问卷750份,回收712份,回收率为94.9%,其中有效问卷为656份,有效回收率为92.1%。上海市农村常住居民自我药疗风险总平均分为(2.10±0.55)分。不同性别、职业、文化程度、家庭人均月收入、医保类型、生活起居规律性的居民其自我药疗风险得分差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。多因素分析显示,自我药疗风险的主要影响因素有医疗保险类型、生活起居规律性、文化程

  6. Research on the Modern Commerce Circulation Market System Construction in the Countryside of Northern Jiangsu based on Experience Mining%基于经验挖掘的苏北农村现代化商贸流通市场体系建设研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周桂良; 毛丽娜; 吴鼎新

    2012-01-01

      It is the strategic task for the economic development of northern Jiangsu and even the whole Jiangsu province in the new strategic opportunity period to develop the modern commerce circulation and accelerate the construction of the modern commerce circulation market system in the countryside of northern Jiangsu. It is of important practical strategic significance. The article first analyzed the development status and problems of the modern commerce circulation market in the countryside of northern Jiangsu, then mined and learned from the advanced experience in domestic and abroad on developing the modern commerce circulation market in the countryside. Finally, it put forward the targeted proposal to speed up the construction of the modern commerce circulation market system in the countryside of northern Jiangsu.%  发展苏北农村现代化商贸流通、加快苏北农村现代化商贸流通市场体系建设是苏北乃至江苏省经济发展进入新的战略机遇期提出的战略任务,具有重要的现实战略意义。文中首先分析了苏北农村现代化商贸流通市场发展现状及存在问题,然后挖掘国内外农村现代化商贸流通市场发展的先进经验并借鉴,最后针对性地提出加快苏北农村现代化商贸流通市场体系建设的建议。

  7. 论20世纪90年代以来的乡土小说创作——以城乡对峙为视角%On Typology of Countryside-backgrounded Novels since 1990s ---From the perspective of mutual confrontation between rural and urban areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张鼎立

    2011-01-01

    20世纪90年代以来乡土小说呈现出纷纭复杂的多元冲突状态,而所有的冲突,其实都绕不开城乡关系。主要呈现为对乡土居高临下的同情甚至否定、以乡土对抗城市、谋求城乡的平等对话、游走于城乡之间四种类型。它们无一例外地关注着现代化背景下的乡村和农民的生存问题,隐含着城市/现代化对乡土/传统挤压的应对策略,表露着知识分子的焦虑。%An atmosphere of diverse conflicts has been observed from Countryside-backgrounded novels since 1990s'. All conflicts are deeply rooted in the urban-rural relationships and they principally fall into four categories: sympathizing or even negating rural culture from a superior position; antagonizing urban life in favor of rural life; seeking equal dialogues between city and countryside, oscillating between city and countryside. All these novels unexceptionally show great concern about the countryside and physical survival of peasants in modern society. In addition, the novels offer some implicit countermeasures against the modem pressure on traditional rural life, revealing writers' anxiety as members of intellectual.

  8. Effects and Countermeasures of Information Technologies in Beautiful Countryside Construction%信息技术在美丽乡村建设中的作用及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈石; 欧阳海鹰; 陈柏松; 孙英泽

    2014-01-01

    The information construction has already become not only an important means to realize the construction of beautiful countryside, but also a necessary channel to promote the rural development level and life quality. Meanwhile, such problems as the lack of top-level design, high network cost and insufficiency of information services integration, appeared in the process. This paper introduced the current status of rural information and concluded that the level of China’s rural information development was still lower and rural residents’information consumption demands were not satisfied yet. Therefore, there was great potential in rural information consumption market. Combined some problems in rural development and the advantages of 4G, cloud computing and MOOC, approaches and effects of information technologies in beautiful countryside construction were expounded. Countermeasures and suggestions were also put forward in accordance with problems in rural information construction.%信息化建设不仅已成为实现美丽乡村建设目标的重要手段,还是提升乡村发展水平和农村居民生活质量的必要途径。同时,建设过程中顶层设计缺失、网络费用过高、信息服务整合不足等问题逐渐凸显。本文介绍了当前我国农村信息化现状,得出结论:我国农村信息化水平仍然较落后,农村居民的信息需求没有得到满足,农村信息消费市场潜力巨大。结合当前我国农村发展中存在的部分问题和4G、云计算、大规模开放在线课程等信息技术,阐述了信息技术在美丽乡村建设中的作用和途径。并针对美丽乡村信息化建设中存在的问题,提出了的相关对策和建议。

  9. A Research about Eco-Justice Problems of Suzhou New Socialist Countryside Construction%苏州社会主义新农村建设中的生态公正问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张留记; 王建明

    2011-01-01

    随着新农村建设的推进,生态公正问题日益凸显。苏州市作为我国新农村建设的先导区,在创造实现生态公正成功经验的同时,也率先遭遇到了四个新问题,其原因在于非公经济的资本逻辑导致了"公地的悲剧"、功利主义的价值取向和行为、生态民主的缺失、生态环境宣传教育的弱化等。生态公正问题的解决,可以通过采取政府建立和完善相关法律法规和政策、农业自然资源流转中实行计划和市场相结合、完善和切实贯彻生态民主、建立和加强新农村建设中的防腐机制、加强生态环境道德的宣传教育等举措加以推进。公正问题的研究对我国新农村建设具有借鉴意义。%With the advance of new countryside construction in China,the eco-justice problems have become increasingly prominent.Suzhou,as the pilot area of new countryside construction in China,has accumulated many successful experiences in achieving eco-justice.Meanwhile,Suzhou has also encountered four new problems,the causes being the "tragedy of the public area" of the capital logic non-public economy has resulted in,the utilitarian-oriented values and behavior,the lack of eco-democracy,the weakening of education in environmental publicity,etc.In order to solve the eco-justice problems,we can advance the process that the relevant laws,rules,regulations and policies must be made or amended,that plan and market must be balanced in the exploitation of agricultural natural resources,that the eco-democracy must be perfected and implemented,that anti-corruption system must be established and strengthened in the new rural construction,and that the advocating and education with regard to environmental morality must be reinforced,etc.The research on justice problems is of reference value to our country in the new rural construction

  10. Conservation laws and thermodynamic efficiencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benenti, Giuliano; Casati, Giulio; Wang, Jiao

    2013-02-15

    We show that generic systems with a single relevant conserved quantity reach the Carnot efficiency in the thermodynamic limit. Such a general result is illustrated by means of a diatomic chain of hard-point elastically colliding particles where the total momentum is the only relevant conserved quantity.

  11. African Conservation Tillage Network Website

    OpenAIRE

    African Conservation Tillage Network (ACT)

    2009-01-01

    Metadata only record Maintained by the African Conservation Tillage Network (ACT), this website provides information on Conservation Agriculture in an African context and gathered by stakeholders (NGOs) native to the continent. Resources on projects, practices, reports, and training courses are provided.

  12. Concrete: Too young for conservation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heineman, H.A.; Hees, R.P.J. van; Nijland, T.G.

    2008-01-01

    The 20th century built heritage is one of the new conservation challenges, due to its architectural differences from the traditional heritage and new materials. One major new material is concrete; its quantity and importance for the new heritage requires a tailored conservation approach. Until now,

  13. Conservation of wetlands of Tanzania

    OpenAIRE

    Bakobi, B.L.M.

    1993-01-01

    The major wetland systems of Tanzania are described together with specific functions,products and attributes of lakes, rivers, swamps, estuaries, mangroves and coastal areas. Reasons and priorities for the conservation of wetlands are given together with the existingproblems of wetland conservation and their solutions.

  14. Educating Astronauts About Conservation Biology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Julie A.

    2001-01-01

    This article reviews the training of astronauts in the interdisciplinary work of conservation biology. The primary responsibility of the conservation biologist at NASA is directing and supporting the photography of the Earth and maintaining the complete database of the photographs. In order to perform this work, the astronauts who take the pictures must be educated in ecological issues.

  15. Habitat modeling for biodiversity conservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruce G. Marcot

    2006-01-01

    Habitat models address only 1 component of biodiversity but can be useful in addressing and managing single or multiple species and ecosystem functions, for projecting disturbance regimes, and in supporting decisions. I review categories and examples of habitat models, their utility for biodiversity conservation, and their roles in making conservation decisions. I...

  16. Motivations for conserving urban biodiversity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dearborn, Donald C; Kark, Salit

    2010-04-01

    In a time of increasing urbanization, the fundamental value of conserving urban biodiversity remains controversial. How much of a fixed budget should be spent on conservation in urban versus nonurban landscapes? The answer should depend on the goals that drive our conservation actions, yet proponents of urban conservation often fail to specify the motivation for protecting urban biodiversity. This is an important shortcoming on several fronts, including a missed opportunity to make a stronger appeal to those who believe conservation biology should focus exclusively on more natural, wilder landscapes. We argue that urban areas do offer an important venue for conservation biology, but that we must become better at choosing and articulating our goals. We explored seven possible motivations for urban biodiversity conservation: preserving local biodiversity, creating stepping stones to nonurban habitat, understanding and facilitating responses to environmental change, conducting environmental education, providing ecosystem services, fulfilling ethical responsibilities, and improving human well-being. To attain all these goals, challenges must be faced that are common to the urban environment, such as localized pollution, disruption of ecosystem structure, and limited availability of land. There are, however, also challenges specific only to particular goals, meaning that different goals will require different approaches and actions. This highlights the importance of specifying the motivations behind urban biodiversity conservation. If the goals are unknown, progress cannot be assessed.

  17. Concrete: Too young for conservation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heineman, H.A.; Hees, R.P.J. van; Nijland, T.G.

    2008-01-01

    The 20th century built heritage is one of the new conservation challenges, due to its architectural differences from the traditional heritage and new materials. One major new material is concrete; its quantity and importance for the new heritage requires a tailored conservation approach. Until now,

  18. Is international conservation aid enough?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Law, Elizabeth A.

    2016-02-01

    Bare et al (2015 Environ. Res. Lett. 10 125010) ask an important question: is international conservation enough? Since the 1990’s international conservation donors have spent over 3.4 billion on biodiversity conservation related projects in sub-Saharan Africa. Both donors and recipients have a right to know if this is effective. Surprisingly, this question is rarely asked. It is a difficult question—involving many rival social, environmental, and economic explanations. Bare, Kauffman and Miller uncover some interesting associations, supporting existing hypotheses and proposing their own: that conservation aid alone is insufficient to mitigate drivers of deforestation (and in some cases may even exacerbate forest loss). This controversial result warrants further investigation—but what is needed now is nuance and robustness in further analyses, to have more confidence in the critique and it’s implications for international conservation aid.

  19. Optimal conservation of migratory species.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tara G Martin

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Migratory animals comprise a significant portion of biodiversity worldwide with annual investment for their conservation exceeding several billion dollars. Designing effective conservation plans presents enormous challenges. Migratory species are influenced by multiple events across land and sea-regions that are often separated by thousands of kilometres and span international borders. To date, conservation strategies for migratory species fail to take into account how migratory animals are spatially connected between different periods of the annual cycle (i.e. migratory connectivity bringing into question the utility and efficiency of current conservation efforts. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Here, we report the first framework for determining an optimal conservation strategy for a migratory species. Employing a decision theoretic approach using dynamic optimization, we address the problem of how to allocate resources for habitat conservation for a Neotropical-Nearctic migratory bird, the American redstart Setophaga ruticilla, whose winter habitat is under threat. Our first conservation strategy used the acquisition of winter habitat based on land cost, relative bird density, and the rate of habitat loss to maximize the abundance of birds on the wintering grounds. Our second strategy maximized bird abundance across the entire range of the species by adding the constraint of maintaining a minimum percentage of birds within each breeding region in North America using information on migratory connectivity as estimated from stable-hydrogen isotopes in feathers. We show that failure to take into account migratory connectivity may doom some regional populations to extinction, whereas including information on migratory connectivity results in the protection of the species across its entire range. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: We demonstrate that conservation strategies for migratory animals depend critically upon two factors: knowledge of

  20. 面向新农村建设的远程教学资源与网络平台整合研究%Study on Integration of Distance Teaching Resources and Network Platform Oriented towards New Countryside Comtruction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温爱华; 郝越鑫; 王少永

    2011-01-01

    According to the requirements of development of education for new farmers in the construction of new countryside, the article analyzes problems concerning teaching resource construction, defines the connotation of web-based teaching resources construction, gives the relation between teaching resources construction and teaching platform construction, points out that the platform software supporting teaching and learning is a typo of resource and to strengthen analysis and organization of group members is the key to building web-based teaching platform,and proposes the technical ideas to realize web-based teaching platform by using XML for data modeling on the basis of Struts + Spring + Hibernate structure.%根据新农村建设中新型农民教育发展的要求,分析了教学资源建设的有关问题,明确了网络教学资源建设的内涵,给出教学资源建设和教学平台建设的关系,指出支撑教学和学习的平台软件是一种资源,而加强对组员的分析和组织是构建网络教学平台的关键,并提出了利用XML进行数据建模以及基于Struts+Spring+Hibernate架构实现网络教学平台等有关技术思路.

  1. 大众传媒在建设社会主义新农村中的作用%The Role of Mass Media in the Construction of New Socialist Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何素明

    2013-01-01

    Mass media has become the main way of science and technology transmission. This paper discusses the rural mass media situation: lack of free access to information, not enough agricultural and farmer media, lack of agricultural, farmer and rural areas content, farmers' relatively low culrure quality and lack of congnitive competence. How to build a rural platform of mass media to shorten the knowledge gap between urban and rural areas, cultivate outstanding agricultural practioners and make farmers change their concept so as to build a new socialist countryside is also discussed.%  大众媒体已成为科技传播的主要途径。文章论述了我国大众传媒的农村现状,信息获取的渠道不畅、农业、农民类媒体少,“三农”的内容少、农民的整体文化素质较低,缺乏足够的认知能力及如何建构大众传媒的农平台,缩小城乡之间的知识沟和培养优秀的大农业新闻从业者,促使农民观念变迁这农村发展的内在动力,建设社会主义新农村。

  2. Problems in education of "Stay-behind Children" socializing in countryside and its solutions%留守儿童社会化面临的问题浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁勇莹

    2012-01-01

      This article briefly introduces the present state of "Stay-behind Children".Introduces the problems in education of "Stay-behind Children"in countryside and its solutions mainly from falimy,school and society. preliminary analyzes the material elements that influence the Socialization of Left-behind Children in the Rural Areas of China,which are parents out for work, guardian,school and mass media.%  本文简略介绍了农村留守儿童的基本状况。主要从家庭、学校和社会等三个方面阐述了留守儿童在社会化过程中存在的主要问题,初步分析了影响留守儿童社会化的具体因素,即外出父母、监护人、学校、大众传媒。

  3. 边疆地区农村社会协同治理模式探析%Analysis of Synergic Social Governance Model in the Countryside of Frontier Areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周兢

    2015-01-01

    The social collaborative governance which depends on public security frontier stations, rural local government institutions and villagers has improved the village committee organization, social governance and the social security network. However, some problems still exist in the social governance practice. To achieve the long-term stability and prosperity in the countryside of frontier areas, we should improve it by building institutions, taking innovative measures, and motivating villagers and social organizations.%我国边疆地区农村社会治理迫切需要创新模式。目前许多地方公安边防派出所与农村地方政府机构和村民共同进行社会协同治理,使村委会组织构成、社会治理方式、社会治安网络等有了很大的改善,提高了农村社会治理成效。然而在实践中这种社会治理还存在一些问题,应加强制度建设,创新治理方法,发挥群众和社会组织的积极性主动性,进一步促进边疆地区农村的和谐稳定与社会发展。

  4. Driving Mechanism Study on Rural Labour Force's Transference Under the City and Countryside Overall Plan%城乡统筹视角下农村劳动力转移驱动机理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石永明; 邱道持; 骆东奇

    2011-01-01

    农村劳动力转移对促进社会主义新农村建设、解决“三农”问题意义重大.本文以重庆市璧山县为例,在对2个街办3个乡镇150余农户抽样调查基础上分析了该地区农村劳动力转移的经济学、土地流转、心理学和社会学方面的驱动机理,并提出加快农村劳动力转移需完善保障机制、发展现代农业、加快城镇建设等一系列建议.%Rural Labour Force's Transference has big sense in promoting the socialistic new rural construction and resolving the "countryside-agriculture-farmer" problems. On the census data from more than 150 rural families (mainly is egress work) and more than 150 peasant laborer being out of 3 towns and 2 sub-district offices in the Chongqing Municipality's Bishan County, this paper has analyzed its economic, psychological and land circulation and sociological driving mechanism, and proposed to consummate the safeguard mechanism, to develop modern agriculture, to develop the town construction and so on a series of suggestions for speeding up the Rural Labour Force's Transference.

  5. Conservation through the economics lens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farley, Joshua

    2010-01-01

    Although conservation is an inherently transdisciplinary issue, there is much to be gained from examining the problem through an economics lens. Three benefits of such an approach are laid out in this paper. First, many of the drivers of environmental degradation are economic in origin, and the better we understand them, the better we can conserve ecosystems by reducing degradation. Second, economics offers us a when-to-stop rule, which is equivalent to a when-to-conserve rule. All economic production is based on the transformation of raw materials provided by nature. As the economic system grows in physical size, it necessarily displaces and degrades ecosystems. The marginal benefits of economic growth are diminishing, and the marginal costs of ecological degradation are increasing. Conceptually, we should stop economic growth and focus on conservation when the two are equal. Third, economics can help us understand how to efficiently and justly allocate resources toward conservation, and this paper lays out some basic principles for doing so. Unfortunately, the field of economics is dominated by neoclassical economics, which builds an analytical framework based on questionable assumptions and takes an excessively disciplinary and formalistic approach. Conservation is a complex problem, and analysis from individual disciplinary lenses can make important contributions to conservation only when the resulting insights are synthesized into a coherent vision of the whole. Fortunately, there are a number of emerging transdisciplines, such as ecological economics and environmental management, that are dedicated to this task.

  6. 农村留守初中生主观幸福感现状研究--以安庆地区12所农村中学为例%The Status of Subjective Well-being of Countryside Left behind Junior High School Students in Anqing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    励骅; 曹杏田; 姚恺帆

    2015-01-01

    To know the status of subjective well-being of countryside left behind junior high school students in Anhui province. 272 countryside left behind junior high school students in Anqing city were tested with the scale of adolescent students SWB . Countryside left behind girls’ scores on family satisfaction,school satisfaction,free satisfaction and total life satisfaction are higher than left behind boys’ scores; Boys’ scores on negative affect are higher than girls’ scores. Variances on study satisfaction,school satisfaction,negative affect and positive affect are existed in grades. Countryside left behind female students’ scores on total life satisfaction and subjective well-be-ing are higher than male students’ scores in the countryside; variances on total life satisfaction are not existed in grades, but variances on subjective well-being are existed in grades.%目的:了解安徽地区农村留守初中生主观幸福感的现状。方法采用青少年主观幸福感量表对安安徽地区272名农村留守初中生进行测查。结果在家庭满意度、学校满意度、自由满意度和总体生活满意度上,农村留守初中女生的得分显著高于农村留守初中男生;在负性情感上,农村留守初中男生的得分显著高于农村留守初中女生。在学业满意度、学校满意度、负性情感和正性情感上存在显著的年级差异。结论农村留守初中女生的总体生活满意度和主观幸福感高于农村留守初中男生;总体生活满意度不存在年级差异,但主观幸福感存在年级差异。

  7. Conservation Lands and Preserves, Private - Volusia County Conservation Corridor

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — The Volusia Conservation Corridor (VCC) is a mosaic of contiguous parcels of land, approximately 55,000 acres in size, which sits essentially in the middle of the...

  8. Conservation Lands and Preserves, Private - Volusia County Conservation Corridor

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Local Govt | GIS Inventory — The Volusia Conservation Corridor (VCC) is a mosaic of contiguous parcels of land, approximately 55,000 acres in size, which sits essentially in the middle of the...

  9. Climate, Carbon, Conservation and Communities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vaugn, Kit; Brickell, Emily [WWF-UK (United Kingdom); Roe, Dilys; Reid, Hannah; Elliot, Jo

    2007-07-01

    The growing market for carbon offers great opportunities for linking greenhouse gas mitigation with conservation of forests and biodiversity, and the generation of local livelihoods. For these combined objectives to be achieved, strong governance is needed along with institutions that ensure poor people win, rather than lose out, from the new challenges posed by climate change. This briefing paper explores the opportunities from and limitations to carbon-based funds for conservation and development. It highlights mechanisms that may help secure benefits for climate, conservation and communities.

  10. The conservation of orbital symmetry

    CERN Document Server

    Woodward, R B

    2013-01-01

    The Conservation of Orbital Symmetry examines the principle of conservation of orbital symmetry and its use. The central content of the principle was that reactions occur readily when there is congruence between orbital symmetry characteristics of reactants and products, and only with difficulty when that congruence does not obtain-or to put it more succinctly, orbital symmetry is conserved in concerted reaction. This principle is expected to endure, whatever the language in which it may be couched, or whatever greater precision may be developed in its application and extension. The book ope

  11. Challenges of conservation: working objects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Professor Elizabeth Pye

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the concepts and practice of museum conservation, and the role of conservation in preserving both material and significance of objects. It explores the conservation of science and industry collections and the fact that the significance of many of these objects lies in their operation. It considers alternatives to operating original objects but emphasises the value of experiencing the real thing, and argues that visitors should be given greater physical access to museum objects, including being enabled to handle and work functioning objects. It finishes by calling for research into the effects of operation on the objects themselves, and into what constitutes a satisfying experience of working objects.

  12. Modern concepts of soil conservation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Dumanski

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Approaches to soil conservation are in constant evolution and improvement. This paper summarizes some of the modern approaches, ranging from no till to conservation agriculture to sustainable land management. These approaches are not separate, but components of a continuum of conservation approaches applicable at different levels and different scales. No tillage is important at the detailed, farm level, while CA and SLM are important at the farming systems and corporate levels. The successes achieved with no till in Argentina (also Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Mexico, Canada, Australia, and others illustrate how these concepts relate to each other.

  13. Decentralizing conservation and diversifying livelihoods within Kanchenjunga Conservation Area, Nepal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Pete; Thapa, Brijesh; Jacob, Aerin

    2015-12-01

    To alleviate poverty and enhance conservation in resource dependent communities, managers must identify existing livelihood strategies and the associated factors that impede household access to livelihood assets. Researchers increasingly advocate reallocating management power from exclusionary central institutions to a decentralized system of management based on local and inclusive participation. However, it is yet to be shown if decentralizing conservation leads to diversified livelihoods within a protected area. The purpose of this study was to identify and assess factors affecting household livelihood diversification within Nepal's Kanchenjunga Conservation Area Project, the first protected area in Asia to decentralize conservation. We randomly surveyed 25% of Kanchenjunga households to assess household socioeconomic and demographic characteristics and access to livelihood assets. We used a cluster analysis with the ten most common income generating activities (both on- and off-farm) to group the strategies households use to diversify livelihoods, and a multinomial logistic regression to identify predictors of livelihood diversification. We found four distinct groups of household livelihood strategies with a range of diversification that directly corresponded to household income. The predictors of livelihood diversification were more related to pre-existing socioeconomic and demographic factors (e.g., more landholdings and livestock, fewer dependents, receiving remittances) than activities sponsored by decentralizing conservation (e.g., microcredit, training, education, interaction with project staff). Taken together, our findings indicate that without direct policies to target marginalized groups, decentralized conservation in Kanchenjunga will continue to exclude marginalized groups, limiting a household's ability to diversify their livelihood and perpetuating their dependence on natural resources.

  14. Local Responses to Participatory Conservation in Annapurna Conservation Area, Nepal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khadka, Damodar; Nepal, Sanjay K.

    2010-02-01

    Biodiversity conservation has undergone a profound change in philosophy, policies and management approaches over the last forty years. The traditional top-down approach to nature protection has been widely criticized for failing to include critical social elements in management practices, and is being gradually replaced by a slew of participatory strategies under the rubric of bottom-up conservation. The new approach recognizes local communities as key partners in wildlife management and seeks their participation in social development and biodiversity conservation. However, every social context is different in its structure and functions, and in the way social groups respond to calls for participation. In order to gain a better understanding of the approach and the barriers encountered in its implementation, a questionnaire survey of 188 households was employed in the communities of the Upper Mustang extension of Annapurna Conservation Area (ACA) in Nepal. The study provides a comparative analysis of community participation and its barriers between Non-Tourist (NT) and Tourist (TV) villages. The results revealed important differences between the two groups in terms of their participation in community programs, barriers to participation, and perception of benefits from participation. Owing to their distinct spatial, demographic and attitudinal differences, the two village groups have their own sets of needs, values and motivation factors which cannot be generalized and treated as such. The research clearly identifies the need for the conservation agency to be creative in devising strategies and initiatives appropriate to specific social groups so as to optimize their input in participatory conservation.

  15. Is There a Conservative Ideology of Education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Thomas H.

    This paper discusses: (1) the link between the conservative education policies of Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher and conservative educational thinking; (2) political, economic, and sociological conservative theories; and (3) characteristics of conservative thinking in education. The extent to which conservatives hold congruent or distinctive…

  16. Field equations or conservation laws?

    CERN Document Server

    Francaviglia, Mauro; Winterroth, Ekkehart

    2013-01-01

    We explicate some epistemological implications of stationary principles and in particular of Noether Theorems. Noether's contribution to the problem of covariance, in fact, is epistemologically relevant, since it moves the attention from equations to conservation laws.

  17. Contests In Conservation and Horticulture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Richard D.

    1977-01-01

    Growing interest in conservation and horticulture in New York State has caused the addition of these specialized areas to the annual statewide agricultural education contests. Contest categories in both areas are listed. (MF)

  18. Conservative smoothing versus artificial viscosity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guenther, C.; Hicks, D.L. [Michigan Technological Univ., Houghton, MI (United States); Swegle, J.W. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Solid and Structural Mechanics Dept.

    1994-08-01

    This report was stimulated by some recent investigations of S.P.H. (Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics method). Solid dynamics computations with S.P.H. show symptoms of instabilities which are not eliminated by artificial viscosities. Both analysis and experiment indicate that conservative smoothing eliminates the instabilities in S.P.H. computations which artificial viscosities cannot. Questions were raised as to whether conservative smoothing might smear solutions more than artificial viscosity. Conservative smoothing, properly used, can produce more accurate solutions than the von Neumann-Richtmyer-Landshoff artificial viscosity which has been the standard for many years. The authors illustrate this using the vNR scheme on a test problem with known exact solution involving a shock collision in an ideal gas. They show that the norms of the errors with conservative smoothing are significantly smaller than the norms of the errors with artificial viscosity.

  19. Public and Conservation Trust Lands

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — A 1:100,000 polygon features class representing public, conservation and trust land ownership in the state of California. Developed for the California Resources...

  20. The political economy of conservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-01-01

    A political economic purview of energy conservation in the United States was delineated. The concepts of substitution and elasticity are distinguished, and further distinctions are made between short run price elasticity, cross price elasticity, and available fund elasticity. An assessment of the role which cost factors can play in conservation is given. The structure of the petroleum industry and foreign petroleum resources is discussed. Also discussed is the role of government, industry and the consumer with the economic sphere.

  1. Linearization of conservative nonlinear oscillators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belendez, A; Alvarez, M L [Departamento de Fisica, IngenierIa de Sistemas y TeorIa de la Senal, Universidad de Alicante, Apartado 99, E-03080 Alicante (Spain); Fernandez, E; Pascual, I [Departamento de Optica, FarmacologIa y AnatomIa, Universidad de Alicante, Apartado 99, E-03080 Alicante (Spain)], E-mail: a.belendez@ua.es

    2009-03-11

    A linearization method of the nonlinear differential equation for conservative nonlinear oscillators is analysed and discussed. This scheme is based on the Chebyshev series expansion of the restoring force which allows us to obtain a frequency-amplitude relation which is valid not only for small but also for large amplitudes and, sometimes, for the complete range of oscillation amplitudes. Some conservative nonlinear oscillators are analysed to illustrate the usefulness and effectiveness of the technique.

  2. Targeted gene flow for conservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Ella; Phillips, Ben L

    2016-04-01

    Anthropogenic threats often impose strong selection on affected populations, causing rapid evolutionary responses. Unfortunately, these adaptive responses are rarely harnessed for conservation. We suggest that conservation managers pay close attention to adaptive processes and geographic variation, with an eye to using them for conservation goals. Translocating pre-adapted individuals into recipient populations is currently considered a potentially important management tool in the face of climate change. Targeted gene flow, which involves moving individuals with favorable traits to areas where these traits would have a conservation benefit, could have a much broader application in conservation. Across a species' range there may be long-standing geographic variation in traits or variation may have rapidly developed in response to a threatening process. Targeted gene flow could be used to promote natural resistance to threats to increase species resilience. We suggest that targeted gene flow is a currently underappreciated strategy in conservation that has applications ranging from the management of invasive species and their impacts to controlling the impact and virulence of pathogens.

  3. 76 FR 57897 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain External Power Supplies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-19

    ... RIN 1904-AB57 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain External Power... exclude external power supplies used in specific applications from certain energy conservation standards prescribed under the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA). Congress enacted this exclusion,...

  4. 78 FR 42389 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Dryers and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-16

    ... Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Dryers and Room Air.... SUMMARY: This final rule corrects the energy conservation standards for room air conditioners. In the direct final rule establishing amended energy conservation standards for residential clothes dryers...

  5. 78 FR 72533 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-03

    ...-AD08 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products AGENCY... energy conservation standards enacted through the American Energy Manufacturing Technical Corrections Act, among which were a revised definition and revised energy conservation standards for small duct...

  6. Coffee agroforests remain beneficial for neotropical bird community conservation across seasons.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia M Hernandez

    Full Text Available Coffee agroforestry systems and secondary forests have been shown to support similar bird communities but comparing these habitat types are challenged by potential biases due to differences in detectability between habitats. Furthermore, seasonal dynamics may influence bird communities differently in different habitat types and therefore seasonal effects should be considered in comparisons. To address these issues, we incorporated seasonal effects and factors potentially affecting bird detectability into models to compare avian community composition and dynamics between coffee agroforests and secondary forest fragments. In particular, we modeled community composition and community dynamics of bird functional groups based on habitat type (coffee agroforest vs. secondary forest and season while accounting for variation in capture probability (i.e. detectability. The models we used estimated capture probability to be similar between habitat types for each dietary guild, but omnivores had a lower capture probability than frugivores and insectivores. Although apparent species richness was higher in coffee agroforest than secondary forest, model results indicated that omnivores and insectivores were more common in secondary forest when accounting for heterogeneity in capture probability. Our results largely support the notion that shade-coffee can serve as a surrogate habitat for secondary forest with respect to avian communities. Small coffee agroforests embedded within the typical tropical countryside matrix of secondary forest patches and small-scale agriculture, therefore, may host avian communities that resemble those of surrounding secondary forest, and may serve as viable corridors linking patches of forest within these landscapes. This information is an important step toward effective landscape-scale conservation in Neotropical agricultural landscapes.

  7. Coffee agroforests remain beneficial for neotropical bird community conservation across seasons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandez, Sonia M; Mattsson, Brady J; Peters, Valerie E; Cooper, Robert J; Carroll, C Ron

    2013-01-01

    Coffee agroforestry systems and secondary forests have been shown to support similar bird communities but comparing these habitat types are challenged by potential biases due to differences in detectability between habitats. Furthermore, seasonal dynamics may influence bird communities differently in different habitat types and therefore seasonal effects should be considered in comparisons. To address these issues, we incorporated seasonal effects and factors potentially affecting bird detectability into models to compare avian community composition and dynamics between coffee agroforests and secondary forest fragments. In particular, we modeled community composition and community dynamics of bird functional groups based on habitat type (coffee agroforest vs. secondary forest) and season while accounting for variation in capture probability (i.e. detectability). The models we used estimated capture probability to be similar between habitat types for each dietary guild, but omnivores had a lower capture probability than frugivores and insectivores. Although apparent species richness was higher in coffee agroforest than secondary forest, model results indicated that omnivores and insectivores were more common in secondary forest when accounting for heterogeneity in capture probability. Our results largely support the notion that shade-coffee can serve as a surrogate habitat for secondary forest with respect to avian communities. Small coffee agroforests embedded within the typical tropical countryside matrix of secondary forest patches and small-scale agriculture, therefore, may host avian communities that resemble those of surrounding secondary forest, and may serve as viable corridors linking patches of forest within these landscapes. This information is an important step toward effective landscape-scale conservation in Neotropical agricultural landscapes.

  8. Constructing Conservation Impact: Understanding Monitoring and Evaluation in Conservation NGOs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Benson Wahlén

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A growing number of scholars critically examine large conservation organisations to explore organisational intentions, practices, and outcomes. In parallel, other scholars have problematised audit cultures, suggesting that these seemingly good practices of evaluation and measurement are not neutral and instead have consequences for governance and power. This article combines literature on conservation NGOs, organisational theory, and audit culture to study the inner workings of conservation and to understand the construction of effectiveness and impact. I draw on semi-structured interviews to examine how a large, international conservation organisation, which I term the World Conservation Organisation (WCO; a pseudonym, coordinates monitoring and evaluation (M&E processes among its international, national, and local offices. I find individual staff within WCO make varying assumptions about the M&E policies and place different values on M&E, which results in different institutional logics towards M&E and a broader organisational failure to measure progress and reflect upon outcomes. The findings also show difficulties in translating broad organisational goals into specific project activities, underscoring tensions in implementation and limitations in M&E practice. I also find that organisational and managerial pressure to report success is greater than donor pressure, a finding that expands understandings of NGO-donor dynamics.

  9. Evaluating local benefits from conservation in Nepal's Annapurna Conservation Area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spiteri, Arian; Nepal, Sanjay K

    2008-09-01

    Protected areas are integral to the global effort to conserve biodiversity, and, over the past two decades, protected area managers have begun to recognize that conservation objectives are next to impossible to achieve without considering the needs and concerns of local communities. Incentive-based programs (IBPs) have become a favored approach to protected area management, geared at fostering local stewardship by delivering benefits tied to conservation to local people. Effective IBPs require benefits to accrue to and be recognized by those experiencing the greatest consequences as a result of the protected area, and those likely to continue extractive activities if their livelihood needs are compromised. This research examines dispersal of IBP benefits, as perceived by local residents in Nepal's Annapurna Conservation Area. Results reported here are based on questionnaire interviews with 188 households conducted between September and December 2004. Results indicate that local residents primarily identify benefits from social development activities, provisions for resource extraction, and economic opportunities. Overall, benefits have been dispersed equally to households in villages on and off the main tourist route, and regardless of a household's participation in tourism. However, benefits are not effectively targeted to poorer residents, those highly dependent on natural resources, and those experiencing the most crop damage and livestock loss from protected wildlife. This article provides several suggestions for improving the delivery of conservation incentives.

  10. A history of conservation politics in Madagascar

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1984-04-03

    Apr 3, 1984 ... financial strength behind the international conservation lobby of- ..... vinced every Malagasy minister to sign Madagascar's national conservation ...... Management Systems International, Abt Associates, Inc., Development Al-.

  11. Water Conservation and Water Storage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narayanan, M.

    2014-12-01

    Water storage can be a viable part of the solution to water conservation. This means that we should include reservoirs. Regardless, one should evaluate all aspects of water conservation principles. Recent drought in California indicates that there is an urgent need to re-visit the techniques used to maintain the water supply-chain mechanism in the entire state. We all recognize the fact that fish and wildlife depend on the streams, rivers and wetlands for survival. It is a well-known fact that there is an immediate need to provide solid protection to all these resources. Laws and regulations should help meet the needs of natural systems. Farmers may be forced to drilling wells deeper than ever. But, they will be eventually depleting groundwater reserves. Needless to say that birds, fish and wildlife cannot access these groundwater table. California is talking a lot about conservation. Unfortunately, the conservation efforts have not established a strong visible hold. The Environmental Protection Agency has a plan called E2PLAN (Narayanan, 2012). It is EPA's plan for achieving energy and environmental performance, leadership, accountability, and carbon neutrality. In June 2011, the EPA published a comprehensive, multi-year planning document called Strategic Sustainability Performance Plan. The author has previously reported these in detail at the 2012 AGU fall meeting. References: Ziegler, Jay (15 JUNE 2014). The Conversation: Water conservation efforts aren't taking hold, but there are encouraging signs. THE SACRAMENTO BEE. California. Narayanan, Mysore. (2012). The Importance of Water Conservation in the 21st Century. 72nd AGU International Conference. Eos Transactions: American Geophysical Union, Vol. 92, No. 56, Fall Meeting Supplement, 2012. H31I - 1255.http://www.sacbee.com/2014/06/15/6479862/jay-ziegler-water-conservation.html#storylink=cpy

  12. Forest conservation delivers highly variable coral reef conservation outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Carissa J; Jupiter, Stacy D; Selig, Elizabeth R; Watts, Matthew E; Halpern, Benjamin S; Kamal, Muhammad; Roelfsema, Chris; Possingham, Hugh P

    2012-06-01

    Coral reefs are threatened by human activities on both the land (e.g., deforestation) and the sea (e.g., overfishing). Most conservation planning for coral reefs focuses on removing threats in the sea, neglecting management actions on the land. A more integrated approach to coral reef conservation, inclusive of land-sea connections, requires an understanding of how and where terrestrial conservation actions influence reefs. We address this by developing a land-sea planning approach to inform fine-scale spatial management decisions and test it in Fiji. Our aim is to determine where the protection of forest can deliver the greatest return on investment for coral reef ecosystems. To assess the benefits of conservation to coral reefs, we estimate their relative condition as influenced by watershed-based pollution and fishing. We calculate the cost-effectiveness of protecting forest and find that investments deliver rapidly diminishing returns for improvements to relative reef condition. For example, protecting 2% of forest in one area is almost 500 times more beneficial than protecting 2% in another area, making prioritization essential. For the scenarios evaluated, relative coral reef condition could be improved by 8-58% if all remnant forest in Fiji were protected rather than deforested. Finally, we determine the priority of each coral reef for implementing a marine protected area when all remnant forest is protected for conservation. The general results will support decisions made by the Fiji Protected Area Committee as they establish a national protected area network that aims to protect 20% of the land and 30% of the inshore waters by 2020. Although challenges remain, we can inform conservation decisions around the globe by tackling the complex issues relevant to integrated land-sea planning.

  13. The Conservation Status and Conservation Strategy of Picea neoveitchii

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Deshun; Kim Yongshik; Mike Maunder; Li Xiufen

    2006-01-01

    Picea neoveitchii is an endemic species in China. It had been listed as an endangered species in red data books. It scatters in several locations of south slope of the Qinling Mountain of China. Upon reviewing the related literature, discussing with leading scholars on gymnosperm, ecology and plant conservation, the field survey was carried out in four locations. There are eleven mature individuals and two seedlings surviving in its natural habitats. With the survey of quadrat method in four locations, related community index were calculated such as relative important value (RIV), species richness,similarity index, diversity index and evenness index etc.The community could be sorted and characterized as three groups based on the community parameters. The analysis of vegetation table elucidates that Picea neoveitchii is a dominant species with low grouping rate in most surveyed sites.The RAPD analysis shows target species has intraspecific genetic variability. The estimation of Shannon's phenotypic diversity index (Ho) also explains the difference of genetic variations of different locations.Due to the lack of enough knowledge and professional guide of conservation biological perspective,Picea neoveitchii had been clear-cut for timber production. The extent of occurrence and area of occupancy declined rapidly from 1950s to 1990s.According to the Conservation Category guideline proposed by the World Conservation Union, the conservation status of Picea neoveitchii was reevaluated as Critically Endangered (CR) B2b C2a D. Upon research in areas of ecology, molecular biology, cluster analysis of environmental parameters, a practical conservation strategy is recommended in this research.

  14. 农村空巢老人SF-36量表应用信度及效度评价%Reliability and validity of SF-36 in health survey among empty-nest elders in countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵华硕; 王可; 金英良; 许爱芹; 黄水平

    2012-01-01

    目的 评价简明健康调查量表(SF-36)应用于农村空巢老人生存质量测量时的信度和效度.方法 采用中文版SF-36量表,对江苏省徐州市分层整群随机抽取218名农村空巢老人进行面访调查,评价该量表的信度和效度.结果 SF-36量表的分半系数为0.84,生理职能(RP)、生理功能(PF)、躯体疼痛(BP)、总体健康(GH)、精力(VT)、社会功能(SF)、情感职能(RE)和精神健康(MH)8个维度Cronbach's α系数为0.79、0.88、0.86、0.81、0.77、0.76、0.88、0.77,量表具有良好的分半信度和内部一致性信度;效度分析表明,集合效度和区分效度试验成功率分别为97.14%和97.96%,因子分析(RMSEA =0.12,CFI =0.91),PF、VT、RE、MH 4个维度在因子负荷上与理论模型完全一致;量表反应度评价表明,除RP、BP、SF 3个维度天花板效应分别为42.63%、48.79%、26.45%外,其他维度地板效应和大花板效应均不显著.结论 SF-36量表适用于农村空巢老人生存质量评价,但尚需根据实际情况对部分条目进行完善.%Objective To access the reliability and validity of 36-Item Short Form Health Survey(SF-36) in the evaluation of quality of life among the empty-nest elders in countryside. Methods Totally 218 empty-nest elders were selected with stratified cluster random sampling for a face-to-face interview with SF-36. The reliability of SF-36 was evaluated by split-half reliability and internal consistency reliability and its validity was evaluated by discriminant validity, convergent validity, and structure validity. Results The split-half reliability was 0.84 and the internal consistency Cronbach'o coefficient was 0.89. The Cronbach's a coefficient for role-physical, physical functioning, bodily pain, general health, vitality,social funtioning,role-emotional,and mental health was 0. 79,0. 88,0. 86,0. 81,0. 77,0. 76,0.88, and 0. 77,resectively. The convergent validity was 97. 14% and discriminant validity was 98

  15. Normative landscape scenario and its application in planning of new countryside construction%标准景观情景方法及其在新农村建设规划中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李洪庆; 刘黎明

    2016-01-01

    New urbanization planning and new countryside construction planning are significant tasks in China. How to make proper planning in the context of increasing uncertainty will be a great challenge for the policymakers. We need to find a way to get more future information for planning. The trend extrapolation method, for example LUCC, CLUES, and CA-Markov, is a traditional approach to predict land use change. These methods perhaps solve some certain problems, but the results may be invalidated if some relevant factors change drastically. With the purpose of avoiding this situation, we introduced a new method normative landscape scenario. The normative landscape scenario can allow us to merge science into policy and explore scientific questions in simulated landscape patterns. The normative landscape scenario is distinctive in: integrating multiple disciplinary perspectives; the emphasis on public participation; the iterative design process; being plausible, replicable, and imaginative;and allowing investigation, comparison, and evaluation. In our study, the scenario building process was based on the following steps:1) Describing the present and defining the focal questions;2) Formulating hypotheses describing scenarios with qualitative storylines based on knowledge of multidisciplinary, stakeholder perceptions and policy; 3) Generating new landscape patterns by extracting quantitative mapping rules from qualitative narratives; 4) Repeating step 2 and 3 until fulfilling the specific target;and 5) Assessing scenario outcomes and inspiring policy. In order to examine the application, we took Jinjing Town as a case study, and successfully developed two alternative scenarios:I maximizing agricultural production and II improving water quality. Meanwhile we also simulated scenario III:rural landscape pattern by the Life cycle method. Land cover maps of alternative futures were created to provide visual insight into landscape change for managers. The effects of each landscape

  16. [Conservative surgery in pulmonary aspergilloma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marghli, A; Zairi, S; Osmen, M; Ouerghi, S; Boudaya, M S; Ayadi, A; Smati, B; Kilani, T

    2012-03-01

    Pulmonary aspergilloma is a mycotic infection due to the deposit of mycelial fibres, usually in a pre-existing cavity within the lung. Surgical resection is the treatment of choice, with anatomical resection the most practiced technique. Simple aspergillomas are becoming more and more frequent urging this review of the place of conservative surgery. The aim of this study was to establish the characteristics of aspergillomas which may benefit from a conservative surgery. We undertook a retrospective study of 64 cases that were operated on in the thoracic surgery unit in Abderrahmen-Mami Ariana's hospital between 1984 and 2008. Fourteen patients had conservative surgical treatment, with an atypical resection to remove the aspergilloma. The other 50 patients had undergone anatomical resection; segmental resection, lobectomy or pneumonectomy. The perioperative mortality rate was 5%. One case of aspergilloma recurrence had been recorded in a patient who had had conservative surgery for a complex aspergilloma. Surgery is the only effective treatment of aspergilloma. Conservative surgery may be an alternative in simple-peripheral forms, which have a diameter less than 4cm. Copyright © 2012 SPLF. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  17. Sequence conserved for subcellular localization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nair, Rajesh; Rost, Burkhard

    2002-01-01

    The more proteins diverged in sequence, the more difficult it becomes for bioinformatics to infer similarities of protein function and structure from sequence. The precise thresholds used in automated genome annotations depend on the particular aspect of protein function transferred by homology. Here, we presented the first large-scale analysis of the relation between sequence similarity and identity in subcellular localization. Three results stood out: (1) The subcellular compartment is generally more conserved than what might have been expected given that short sequence motifs like nuclear localization signals can alter the native compartment; (2) the sequence conservation of localization is similar between different compartments; and (3) it is similar to the conservation of structure and enzymatic activity. In particular, we found the transition between the regions of conserved and nonconserved localization to be very sharp, although the thresholds for conservation were less well defined than for structure and enzymatic activity. We found that a simple measure for sequence similarity accounting for pairwise sequence identity and alignment length, the HSSP distance, distinguished accurately between protein pairs of identical and different localizations. In fact, BLAST expectation values outperformed the HSSP distance only for alignments in the subtwilight zone. We succeeded in slightly improving the accuracy of inferring localization through homology by fine tuning the thresholds. Finally, we applied our results to the entire SWISS-PROT database and five entirely sequenced eukaryotes. PMID:12441382

  18. 建设社会主义新农村背景下的甘肃省农村金融体系重构%Restructuring of Rural Financial System in Gansu Province Amid the Construction of Socialist New Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    司睿

    2011-01-01

    The primary objective for rural financial reform is to establish a financial system that could sustain the development of agriculture,farmers and rural areas.Due to the absence of financial players in rural financial system in Gansu Province,it is required to restructure the financial system to adapt for agricultural development and underpin the construction of socialist new countryside.Specifically,the restructuring covers not only the banking sector,but also agricultural insurance,asset management,lease and other financial sectors.The detailed path shall be selected according to the objective of rural financial system construction.%农村金融改革和支农服务的首要目标是建立起一个能满足三农发展的金融体系。甘肃省农村金融体系存在金融主体稀缺等问题,为更好服务社会主义新农村建设,必须重构与农业发展相适应的金融体系。农村金融体系的重构内容除了银行业,还应包括农业保险、资产管理、期货等其他金融业。甘肃省农村金融体系重构应依据农村金融体系建设的目标做出相应路径选择。

  19. Dilemma and Countermeasures of Rural Human Resources in the Construction of New Countryside%新农村建设中农村人力资源配置的困境与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏卫红

    2011-01-01

    对新农村建设中人力资源配置问题进行了研究,结果表明:单一的计划型和市场型人力资源配置方式,以及由此产生的城乡二元化经济发展格局现实是造成我国农村人力资源配置质量和效率低下的历史和现实根源.结合我国当前人力资源配置现状,提出了未来农村人力资源的配置方式,即坚持政府宏观调控与市场基础性配置相结合为主的综合型人力资源配置方式,通过综合策略、多管齐下实现城乡人力资源的一体化发展.%The arrangement of human resources in the new countryside construction was studied. Result suggested that the simple planned and market human resources arrangement and the urban-rural duel economy development form was the historical and realistic root of poor quality and efficiency of human resources in rural China. Considering the current human resources in China, the arrangement of human resources in the rural area in future was proposed which was to adhere to the comprehensive human resources arrangement by combining government macro-govern with the market infrastructure, and to materialize the development of urban and rural human resources through comprehensive strategy and many channels.

  20. 农村财务管理在构建和谐新农村中的问题与对策%Countryside finance management in constructing harmonious countryside's problem and countermeasure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李海燕

    2012-01-01

    Rural financial management is the central focus for cadres and farmers in rural areas.It plays a very important role in keeping the social situation stable,maintaining close relationships between the Party,cadres,and masses,and promoting rural economic development.The current situation,however,is not perfect due to management disorder,inconsistent accounting practices,a lack of supervision,and many other problems that cannot be ignored.These issues have a major impact on the development of rural economies and social harmony,and urgent measures are needed to solve these problems.Only then can we promote a healthy,stable,and rapidly developing socialist countryside.%农村财务管理问题一直是农村广大干部和农民关注的热点和焦点问题,做好农村财务管理工作对于稳定农村社会大局,密切党群、干群关系,促进农村经济的发展有着十分重要的作用。目前农村财务管理中还存在管理混乱、会计核算不规范、缺乏监督等许多不容忽视的问题,严重影响农村经济的发展及社会的和谐,迫切需要采取措施解决这些问题,以推进社会主义新农村稳定、健康和快速发展。

  1. 新农村建设中农村公共服务部门人力资源开发研究%Research on Human Resources Development of Rural Public Service Departments in New Countryside Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李忠东

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of defining related concepts concerning human resources in rural public service departments, this paper analyses the overall status quo of human resources in China's rural public service departments and points out the problems existing in human resources in China's rural public service departments during new countryside construction as follows: first, the constitution structure is not rational; second , the cultural quality of staff is universally low, and the business capacity remains to be promoted; third, the improvement of human resources development environment lags behind, and the supporting reform is short. In the context of new countryside construction, the opportunities faced by the human resources in China's rural public service departments are as follows: China has elevated strengthening new countryside construction and rural talents construction as important state development strategy; the ideas of service-oriented government and learning-oriented government are put forward; civil servant system is overhauled. Therefore, I advance the development strategy of human resources in China's rural public service departments as follows: implement elastic personnel system reform in public service departments (including civil servant positions in department) , to form the public service personnel system of "able one comes in, mediocre one moves over and shiftless one steps down"; audaciously promote young and middle-aged grass-roots cadres with strong business ability, high political quality, acute judgement and decision-making ability; build leaming-oriented grass-roots public service organization, to make the staff in rural pubic service departments study assiduously and progress; broaden horizon, and build the human resources development system geared to international standards; in developed regions, the human resources in grass-roots public service departments should introduce enterprise competition model.%在界定农村公共服务部门人

  2. Conservative regularization of compressible flow

    CERN Document Server

    Krishnaswami, Govind S; Thyagaraja, Anantanarayanan

    2015-01-01

    Ideal Eulerian flow may develop singularities in vorticity w. Navier-Stokes viscosity provides a dissipative regularization. We find a local, conservative regularization - lambda^2 w times curl(w) of compressible flow and compressible MHD: a three dimensional analogue of the KdV regularization of the one dimensional kinematic wave equation. The regulator lambda is a field subject to the constitutive relation lambda^2 rho = constant. Lambda is like a position-dependent mean-free path. Our regularization preserves Galilean, parity and time-reversal symmetries. We identify locally conserved energy, helicity, linear and angular momenta and boundary conditions ensuring their global conservation. Enstrophy is shown to remain bounded. A swirl velocity field is identified, which transports w/rho and B/rho generalizing the Kelvin-Helmholtz and Alfven theorems. A Hamiltonian and Poisson bracket formulation is given. The regularized equations are used to model a rotating vortex, channel flow, plane flow, a plane vortex ...

  3. Community Forestry and Forest Conservation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milhøj, Anders; Casse, Thorkil

    2011-01-01

    This paper is a meta-study of local forest management experiences in developing countries drawn from a review of 56 case-studies presented in 52 papers. Many case-studies report positive links between community forestry and forest conservation. In international organizations and NGOs...... there is a generally accepted agreement that collective management (community forestry) will yield success in forest conservation. However, the claim is seldom rigorously examined. We suggest to have a review of the literature and to propose a first step to a test of the claim in order to reach a first generalization...... as to the success of community forestry in forest conservation. The review of the literature is the first step towards such an examination, enabling us to make some initial generalizations for further research. In the present paper, a statistical test is performed and the claim is found wanting. The reviewed papers...

  4. Incorporating geodiversity into conservation decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comer, Patrick J; Pressey, Robert L; Hunter, Malcolm L; Schloss, Carrie A; Buttrick, Steven C; Heller, Nicole E; Tirpak, John M; Faith, Daniel P; Cross, Molly S; Shaffer, Mark L

    2015-06-01

    In a rapidly changing climate, conservation practitioners could better use geodiversity in a broad range of conservation decisions. We explored selected avenues through which this integration might improve decision making and organized them within the adaptive management cycle of assessment, planning, implementation, and monitoring. Geodiversity is seldom referenced in predominant environmental law and policy. With most natural resource agencies mandated to conserve certain categories of species, agency personnel are challenged to find ways to practically implement new directives aimed at coping with climate change while retaining their species-centered mandate. Ecoregions and ecological classifications provide clear mechanisms to consider geodiversity in plans or decisions, the inclusion of which will help foster the resilience of conservation to climate change. Methods for biodiversity assessment, such as gap analysis, climate change vulnerability analysis, and ecological process modeling, can readily accommodate inclusion of a geophysical component. We adapted others' approaches for characterizing landscapes along a continuum of climate change vulnerability for the biota they support from resistant, to resilient, to susceptible, and to sensitive and then summarized options for integrating geodiversity into planning in each landscape type. In landscapes that are relatively resistant to climate change, options exist to fully represent geodiversity while ensuring that dynamic ecological processes can change over time. In more susceptible landscapes, strategies aiming to maintain or restore ecosystem resilience and connectivity are paramount. Implementing actions on the ground requires understanding of geophysical constraints on species and an increasingly nimble approach to establishing management and restoration goals. Because decisions that are implemented today will be revisited and amended into the future, increasingly sophisticated forms of monitoring and

  5. Conservation Seeds Activities Book. An Early Childhood Conservation Education Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Sherri

    This activities book is used with an early childhood conservation education program. The activities are presented in four color-coded sections, each section representing one of the four seasons. Each activity includes a statement of purpose, list of materials needed, instructional strategies, and a list of supplementary activities. In addition to…

  6. Bird conservation as a flagship for global diversity conservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    David Brackett

    2005-01-01

    It is a pleasure to be here at the Third International meeting of Partners in Flight (PIF) ? and the international aspect is important. Bird conservation is a global problem. Building on the work of Bird Life International and other partners, the 2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species listed more than 12 percent of the world?s known species as at risk. Bird...

  7. Biodiversity conservation in tropical agroecosystems: a new conservation paradigm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perfecto, Ivette; Vandermeer, John

    2008-01-01

    It is almost certainly the case that many populations have always existed as metapopulations, leading to the conclusion that local extinctions are common and normally balanced by migrations. This conclusion has major consequences for biodiversity conservation in fragmented tropical forests and the agricultural matrices in which they are embedded. Here we make the argument that the conservation paradigm that focuses on setting aside pristine forests while ignoring the agricultural landscape is a failed strategy in light of what is now conventional wisdom in ecology. Given the fragmented nature of most tropical ecosystems, agricultural landscapes should be an essential component of any conservation strategy. We review the literature on biodiversity in tropical agricultural landscapes and present evidence that many tropical agricultural systems have high levels of biodiversity (planned and associated). These systems represent, not only habitat for biodiversity, but also a high-quality matrix that permits the movement of forest organisms among patches of natural vegetation. We review a variety of agroecosystem types and conclude that diverse, low-input systems using agroecological principles are probably the best option for a high-quality matrix. Such systems are most likely to be constructed by small farmers with land titles, who, in turn, are normally the consequence of grassroots social movements. Therefore, the new conservation paradigm should incorporate a landscape approach in which small farmers, through their social organizations, work with conservationists to create a landscape matrix dominated by productive agroecological systems that facilitate interpatch migration while promoting a sustainable and dignified livelihood for rural communities.

  8. Animal models and conserved processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Greek Ray

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The concept of conserved processes presents unique opportunities for using nonhuman animal models in biomedical research. However, the concept must be examined in the context that humans and nonhuman animals are evolved, complex, adaptive systems. Given that nonhuman animals are examples of living systems that are differently complex from humans, what does the existence of a conserved gene or process imply for inter-species extrapolation? Methods We surveyed the literature including philosophy of science, biological complexity, conserved processes, evolutionary biology, comparative medicine, anti-neoplastic agents, inhalational anesthetics, and drug development journals in order to determine the value of nonhuman animal models when studying conserved processes. Results Evolution through natural selection has employed components and processes both to produce the same outcomes among species but also to generate different functions and traits. Many genes and processes are conserved, but new combinations of these processes or different regulation of the genes involved in these processes have resulted in unique organisms. Further, there is a hierarchy of organization in complex living systems. At some levels, the components are simple systems that can be analyzed by mathematics or the physical sciences, while at other levels the system cannot be fully analyzed by reducing it to a physical system. The study of complex living systems must alternate between focusing on the parts and examining the intact whole organism while taking into account the connections between the two. Systems biology aims for this holism. We examined the actions of inhalational anesthetic agents and anti-neoplastic agents in order to address what the characteristics of complex living systems imply for inter-species extrapolation of traits and responses related to conserved processes. Conclusion We conclude that even the presence of conserved processes is

  9. Biodiversity conservation including uncharismatic species

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muñoz, Joaquin

    2007-01-01

    Recent papers mention ideas on the topics of biodiversity conservation strategies and priorities (Redford et al. 2003; Lamoreux et al. 2006; Rodrı´guez et al. 2006), the current status of biodiversity (Loreau et al. 2006), the obligations of conservation biologists regarding management policies...... (Chapron 2006; Schwartz 2006), and the main threats to biodiversity (including invasive species) (Bawa 2006). I suggest, however, that these articles do not really deal with biodiversity. Rather, they all focus on a few obviously charismatic groups (mammals, birds, some plants, fishes, human culture...

  10. 7 CFR 633.9 - Conservation plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Conservation plan. 633.9 Section 633.9 Agriculture... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING WATER BANK PROGRAM § 633.9 Conservation plan. (a) The program participant... conservation plan for the acreage designated under an agreement. (b) The conservation plan is the basis for...

  11. 18 CFR 430.15 - Conservation requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Conservation requirements. 430.15 Section 430.15 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION SPECIAL REGULATIONS GROUND WATER PROTECTION AREA: PENNSYLVANIA § 430.15 Conservation requirements....

  12. 7 CFR 1466.10 - Conservation practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... practice implementation. (c) A participant will be eligible for payments for water conservation and... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Conservation practices. 1466.10 Section 1466.10... Contracts and Payments § 1466.10 Conservation practices. (a) NRCS will determine the conservation...

  13. Conservation status of bryophytes in eastern Australia

    OpenAIRE

    Streimann, Heinar

    1994-01-01

    No bryophyte conservation programs are in place in Australia as the knowledge of bryophytes is poor, especially of their habitat preferences and distribution. The conservation of species against habitats is discussed and it is maintained on present evidence that areas conserved for vascular plants and/or animal habitats, as national parks and forest reserves, in most cases would adequately conserve bryophytes.

  14. Square conservation systems and Hamiltonian systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王斌; 曾庆存; 季仲贞

    1995-01-01

    The internal and external relationships between the square conservation scheme and the symplectic scheme are revealed by a careful study on the interrelation between the square conservation system and the Hamiltonian system in the linear situation, thus laying a theoretical basis for the application and extension of symplectic schemes to square conservations systems, and of those schemes with quadratic conservation properties to Hamiltonian systems.

  15. Influence of the Policy of Household Appliances to the Countryside on the Consumption of Rural Residents%家电下乡政策对农村居民消费影响分析——基于经验数据的实证分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田洪刚

    2011-01-01

    Based on the analysis of influential factors to the sales volume of household appliances to the countryside and economtric model,the question of whether the policy of household appliances to the countryside changed farmers' consumption was expounded. Test results suggested that after carrying out the policy, farmers life consumption increased 11.69% than that in the same period the year before. But the income elasticity coefficient of demand hadn't changed. In order to expand rural residents consumption, it was suggested to build and perfect a full countryside insurance system, to increase investment and promote new consumption ideas which was adapt to the market economy.%通过分析了影响家电下乡产品销售颠的影响因素,通过计量经济模型检验了"家电下乡"政策是否促使农村居民消费改变.检验结果表明,实行"家电下乡"政策后,农民生活消费同比增加了11.69%,但生活消费的收入弹性并没有变化.在此基础上为扩大农村居民消费,提出了建立和健全农村社会保障体系、加大对农村的投资、倡导与市场经济相适应的新型消费观念等对策.

  16. Utopian Socialist’s Ideas about City -countryside Union and the Modernization of Agriculture%现代城乡关系与农业现代化何以可能--重读19世纪空想社会主义学说

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    屈婷

    2014-01-01

    现代城乡分工的发展在推动社会转型的同时不可避免地造成社会结构的分裂,亦即城乡二元结构的形成。城乡二元结构的突出矛盾是工业城市本身的弊病和农村的落后与贫困。19世纪空想社会主义站在现代工业的立场上,探讨了如何克服工业城市弊病以及农业在现代资本和工商业的条件下如何发展的问题。其中涌现的城乡结合与农业现代化思想对于我们统筹城乡发展、避免城乡二元结构的问题,至今仍然具有启发意义。%The development of modern urban -rural labor division ,while promoting social transformation ,has inevitably led to the split of social structure ,that is ,the formation of urban-rural dual structure .Two prominent contradictions of urban-rural dual structure are the shortcomings of industrial city and the backwardness and poverty of the countryside .Three 19th-century utopian socialists ,from the perspective of modern industry ,probed into the questions of how to overcome the malpractice of industrial cities and how to develop agriculture under the condition of modern capital and businesses .Their ideas about city-countryside union and the modernization of agriculture are still illuminating for us today in terms of how to promote urbanization with the development of the countryside ,that is ,how to avoid the urban-rural dual structure problem during the process of urbanization .

  17. Impact of conservation tillage on nematode populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minton, N A

    1986-04-01

    Literature reporting the development of conservation tillage and the research that has been conducted on nematode control in crops grown in conservation tillage systems is reviewed. Effects of different types of conservation tillage on population densities of various nematode species in monocropping and multicropping systems, effects of tillage on nematode distribution in the soil profile, effects of conservation tillage on nematode control, and the role of nematology in conservation tillage research are discussed.

  18. Research on Famers' Vocational Education under the Backdrop of the Comprehensive Well-Off Society-A Case Study from Teaching Activities in the Countryside%小康社会背景下的农民职业教育研究——以“送教下乡”为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张华东; 王晓; 王伟; 崔晓燕

    2013-01-01

    结合中国农业大学烟台研究院在烟台市开展的“送教下乡”活动,通过分析其具体运作模式及有关问题,探讨了适宜我国经济发展现状的农民职教之路.%On the basis of teaching activities in the countryside,the operation mode and related problems were analyzed and discussed,and try to find a suitable way to promote the vocational teaching of the peasantry.

  19. Conservation of threatened natural habitats

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Hall, AV

    1984-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this book is to give a holistic setting to the conservation of plants and animals. Instead of concentrating on species alone, the aim is to spread the concern to the physical and biological features; including humanity that make up...

  20. Conservative Ideology and Ambivalent Sexism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christopher, Andrew N.; Mull, Melinda S.

    2006-01-01

    To assess the relationship between different facets of conservative ideology and ambivalent sexism, 246 residents of two towns in southern Michigan completed a social dominance orientation scale (SDO), a right-wing authoritarianism scale (RWA), a Protestant work ethic scale (PWE), and the Glick and Fiske (1996) Ambivalent Sexism Inventory via a…

  1. Cubication of Conservative Nonlinear Oscillators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belendez, Augusto; Alvarez, Mariela L.; Fernandez, Elena; Pascual, Immaculada

    2009-01-01

    A cubication procedure of the nonlinear differential equation for conservative nonlinear oscillators is analysed and discussed. This scheme is based on the Chebyshev series expansion of the restoring force, and this allows us to approximate the original nonlinear differential equation by a Duffing equation in which the coefficients for the linear…

  2. CURRICULUM GUIDE IN CONSERVATION EDUCATION.

    Science.gov (United States)

    HERRINGTON, EUGENE H.; ROBBINS, LARRY

    THIS CURRICULUM GUIDE PRESENTS CONSERVATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES AS AN INTEGRATED NATURAL SCIENCE STUDY. NATURAL RESOURCES ARE SEEN AS BEING INORGANIC (MINERALS, AIR, WATER, AND SOIL) OR ORGANIC (PLANT, ANIMAL, AND HUMAN). THESE RESOURCES ARE PRESENTED AS SUGGESTED CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES DESIGNED FOR THE PRIMARY, INTERMEDIATE, AND JUNIOR HIGH…

  3. Renewable energy and wildlife conservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khalil, Mona

    2016-09-09

    The renewable energy sector is rapidly expanding and diversifying the power supply of the country. Yet, as our Nation works to advance renewable energy and to conserve wildlife, some conflicts arise. To address these challenges, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is conducting innovative research and developing workable solutions to reduce impacts of renewable energy production on wildlife.

  4. Conservation in the Chang Tang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    George; B.Schaller

    2008-01-01

    Mr.George B.Schaller is from Wildlife Conservation Society,he had been to Qinghai-Tibet Plateau many times to conduct a wildlife survey.The follows is his point view on northern Tibet,namely Chang Tang.

  5. Giant Pandas and Their Conservation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GarethDavey

    2004-01-01

    IT is paradoxical that themost well-known conservation symbol in the world,the giant panda, is a criti-cally endangered species.The estimated 1,600 thatremain live in the high-altitude for-ests of southwest China (within theprovinces of Sichuan, Gansu andShaanxi). Giant pandas are popularand elicit affection and admiration

  6. Mass Conservation and Chemical Kinetics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbara, Thomas M.; Corio, P. L.

    1980-01-01

    Presents a method for obtaining all mass conservation conditions implied by a given mechanism in which the conditions are used to simplify integration of the rate equations and to derive stoichiometric relations. Discusses possibilities of faulty inference of kinetic information from a given stoichiometry. (CS)

  7. Arizona Conserve Water Educators Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Project WET Foundation, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This award-winning, 350-page, full-color book provides a thorough study of Arizona water resources from a water conservation perspective. Its background section contains maps, graphs, diagrams and photos that facilitate the teaching of 15 interactive, multi-disciplinary lessons to K-12 students. In addition, 10 Arizona case studies are highlighted…

  8. Joining forces for genetic conservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gary Man; Emily Boes; Rhoda Maurer; Michael Dosmann; Matt Lobdell; Kevin Conrad; Mike Kintgen; Rebecca Sucher; Martin Nicholson; David Stevenson; Brianna McTeague; Evan Heck; Richard A. Sniezko

    2017-01-01

    Facing a Challenge Non-native diseases and insects as well as a changing climate pose serious threats to native trees in North America. Genetic variation in a species is key to its enduring persistence in the face of these abiotic and biotic threats. Efforts to conserve genetic diversity of North American tree at-risk species will ensure the genetic...

  9. Food production and nature conservation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gordon, Iain J.; Squire, Geoff R.; Prins, Herbert H.T.

    2016-01-01

    Feeding the world's growing human population is increasingly challenging, especially as more people adopt a western diet and lifestyle. Doing so without causing damage to nature poses an even greater challenge. This book argues that in order to create a sustainable food supply whilst conserving

  10. Understanding Conservation: A Playful Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kefaloukos, Mary-Anne; Bobis, Janette

    2011-01-01

    This article describes some aspects of Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development. It highlights the importance of giving young children specific access to explore conservation in measurement, which will give students invaluable experiences in measurement that in years to come will be regarded as their prior knowledge of the concept. This is…

  11. Operationalizing biodiversity for conservation planning

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Sahotra Sarkar; Chris Margules

    2002-07-01

    Biodiversity has acquired such a general meaning that people now find it difficult to pin down a precise sense for planning and policy-making aimed at biodiversity conservation. Because biodiversity is rooted in place, the task of conserving biodiversity should target places for conservation action; and because all places contain biodiversity, but not all places can be targeted for action, places have to be prioritized. What is needed for this is a measure of the extent to which biodiversity varies from place to place. We do not need a precise measure of biodiversity to prioritize places. Relative estimates of similarity or difference can be derived using partial measures, or what have come to be called biodiversity surrogates. Biodiversity surrogates are supposed to stand in for general biodiversity in planning applications. We distinguish between true surrogates, those that might truly stand in for general biodiversity, and estimator surrogates, which have true surrogates as their target variable. For example, species richness has traditionally been the estimator surrogate for the true surrogate, species diversity. But species richness does not capture the differences in composition between places; the essence of biodiversity. Another measure, called complementarity, explicitly captures the differences between places as we iterate the process of place prioritization, starting with an initial place. The relative concept of biodiversity built into the definition of complementarity has the level of precision needed to undertake conservation planning.

  12. Googling trends in conservation biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proulx, Raphaël; Massicotte, Philippe; Pépino, Marc

    2014-02-01

    Web-crawling approaches, that is, automated programs data mining the internet to obtain information about a particular process, have recently been proposed for monitoring early signs of ecosystem degradation or for establishing crop calendars. However, lack of a clear conceptual and methodological framework has prevented the development of such approaches within the field of conservation biology. Our objective was to illustrate how Google Trends, a freely accessible web-crawling engine, can be used to track changes in timing of biological processes, spatial distribution of invasive species, and level of public awareness about key conservation issues. Google Trends returns the number of internet searches that were made for a keyword in a given region of the world over a defined period. Using data retrieved online for 13 countries, we exemplify how Google Trends can be used to study the timing of biological processes, such as the seasonal recurrence of pollen release or mosquito outbreaks across a latitudinal gradient. We mapped the spatial extent of results from Google Trends for 5 invasive species in the United States and found geographic patterns in invasions that are consistent with their coarse-grained distribution at state levels. From 2004 through 2012, Google Trends showed that the level of public interest and awareness about conservation issues related to ecosystem services, biodiversity, and climate change increased, decreased, and followed both trends, respectively. Finally, to further the development of research approaches at the interface of conservation biology, collective knowledge, and environmental management, we developed an algorithm that allows the rapid retrieval of Google Trends data. © 2013 Society for Conservation Biology.

  13. 77 FR 18477 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Battery Chargers and External...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-27

    ... March 27, 2012 Part III Department of Energy 10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Program: Energy... 430 RIN 1904-AB57 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Battery Chargers and... Conservation Act (EPCA) prescribes energy conservation standards for various consumer products and...

  14. 76 FR 70547 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-14

    ... November 14, 2011 Part II Department of Energy 10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Program: Energy...-AB50 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts AGENCY... Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (EPCA), as amended, prescribes energy conservation...

  15. 77 FR 8525 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Standby Mode and Off Mode for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-14

    ... February 14, 2012 Part IV Department of Energy 10 CFR Parts 429 and 430 Energy Conservation Program: Energy... Parts 429 and 430 RIN 1904-AC07 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Standby...: The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) prescribes energy conservation standards for......

  16. Conservation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nooteboom, H.P.

    1986-01-01

    Tropical Forests: A Call for Action. Report of an International Task Force convened by the World Resources Institute, The World Bank, and the United Nations Development Program. World Resources Institute, 1735 New York Avenue, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20006, U.S.A. October 1985. ISBN 0-915825-10-4. The

  17. Conservation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1989-01-01

    The West German government has banned the import of all pitcher plants, Nepenthes spp., from wild populations as of 1 January 1987, except when they are for scientific research, and if the species is not rare. Nepenthes rajah, only known from the Kinabalu, is specifically mentioned, but as custom of

  18. Conservation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nooteboom, H.P.

    1984-01-01

    Japanese fear to loose income. As result of Japan’s strategy to exhaust the Southeast Asian forests before turning to its own sizeable reserves of timber now most of the forest in the accessible areas is gone. Japan imports more wood than any other country in the world. In 1980 it bought 55% of all

  19. Conservation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nooteboom, H.P.

    1984-01-01

    Japanese fear to loose income. As result of Japan’s strategy to exhaust the Southeast Asian forests before turning to its own sizeable reserves of timber now most of the forest in the accessible areas is gone. Japan imports more wood than any other country in the world. In 1980 it bought 55% of all

  20. Conservation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1988-01-01

    The Pahang and Johore State Governments have agreed to declare the 92,000 hectare Endau-Rompin Forest as a State Park. It had been proposed as a National Park in 1975, but, as usual, this did not prevent logging in the core area in 1977. This was halted after considerable national protest, but

  1. Conservation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1988-01-01

    The Pahang and Johore State Governments have agreed to declare the 92,000 hectare Endau-Rompin Forest as a State Park. It had been proposed as a National Park in 1975, but, as usual, this did not prevent logging in the core area in 1977. This was halted after considerable national protest, but loggi

  2. Conservation focus on Europe: major conservation policy issues that need to be informed by conservation science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pullin, Andrew S; Báldi, András; Can, Ozgun Emre; Dieterich, Martin; Kati, Vassiliki; Livoreil, Barbara; Lövei, Gabor; Mihók, Barbara; Nevin, Owen; Selva, Nuria; Sousa-Pinto, Isabel

    2009-08-01

    Europe is one of the world's most densely populated continents and has a long history of human-dominated land- and seascapes. Europe is also at the forefront of developing and implementing multinational conservation efforts. In this contribution, we describe some top policy issues in Europe that need to be informed by high-quality conservation science. These include evaluation of the effectiveness of the Natura 2000 network of protected sites, implications of rapid economic and subsequent land-use change in Central and Eastern Europe, conservation of marine biodiversity and sustainability of fisheries, the effect of climate change on movement of species in highly fragmented landscapes, and attempts to assess the economic value of ecosystem services and biodiversity. Broad policy issues such as those identified are not easily amenable to scientific experiment. A key challenge at the science-policy interface is to identify the research questions underlying these problem areas so that conservation science can provide evidence to underpin future policy development.

  3. Leadership: a new frontier in conservation science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manolis, Jim C; Chan, Kai M; Finkelstein, Myra E; Stephens, Scott; Nelson, Cara R; Grant, Jacqualine B; Dombeck, Michael P

    2009-08-01

    Leadership is a critical tool for expanding the influence of conservation science, but recent advances in leadership concepts and practice remain underutilized by conservation scientists. Furthermore, an explicit conceptual foundation and definition of leadership in conservation science are not available in the literature. Here we drew on our diverse leadership experiences, our reading of leadership literature, and discussions with selected conservation science leaders to define conservation-science leadership, summarize an exploratory set of leadership principles that are applicable to conservation science, and recommend actions to expand leadership capacity among conservation scientists and practitioners. We define 2 types of conservation-science leadership: shaping conservation science through path-breaking research, and advancing the integration of conservation science into policy, management, and society at large. We focused on the second, integrative type of leadership because we believe it presents the greatest opportunity for improving conservation effectiveness. We identified 8 leadership principles derived mainly from the "adaptive leadership" literature: recognize the social dimension of the problem; cycle frequently through action and reflection; get and maintain attention; combine strengths of multiple leaders; extend your reach through networks of relationships; strategically time your effort; nurture productive conflict; and cultivate diversity. Conservation scientists and practitioners should strive to develop themselves as leaders, and the Society for Conservation Biology, conservation organizations, and academia should support this effort through professional development, mentoring, teaching, and research.

  4. Mainstreaming the social sciences in conservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Nathan J; Roth, Robin; Klain, Sarah C; Chan, Kai M A; Clark, Douglas A; Cullman, Georgina; Epstein, Graham; Nelson, Michael Paul; Stedman, Richard; Teel, Tara L; Thomas, Rebecca E W; Wyborn, Carina; Curran, Deborah; Greenberg, Alison; Sandlos, John; Veríssimo, Diogo

    2017-02-01

    Despite broad recognition of the value of social sciences and increasingly vocal calls for better engagement with the human element of conservation, the conservation social sciences remain misunderstood and underutilized in practice. The conservation social sciences can provide unique and important contributions to society's understanding of the relationships between humans and nature and to improving conservation practice and outcomes. There are 4 barriers-ideological, institutional, knowledge, and capacity-to meaningful integration of the social sciences into conservation. We provide practical guidance on overcoming these barriers to mainstream the social sciences in conservation science, practice, and policy. Broadly, we recommend fostering knowledge on the scope and contributions of the social sciences to conservation, including social scientists from the inception of interdisciplinary research projects, incorporating social science research and insights during all stages of conservation planning and implementation, building social science capacity at all scales in conservation organizations and agencies, and promoting engagement with the social sciences in and through global conservation policy-influencing organizations. Conservation social scientists, too, need to be willing to engage with natural science knowledge and to communicate insights and recommendations clearly. We urge the conservation community to move beyond superficial engagement with the conservation social sciences. A more inclusive and integrative conservation science-one that includes the natural and social sciences-will enable more ecologically effective and socially just conservation. Better collaboration among social scientists, natural scientists, practitioners, and policy makers will facilitate a renewed and more robust conservation. Mainstreaming the conservation social sciences will facilitate the uptake of the full range of insights and contributions from these fields into

  5. [Conservative treatment of ectopic pregnancy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odland, J O; Maltau, J M; Tollan, A

    1991-01-30

    During the last decades the incidence of ectopic pregnancy has been steadily rising. The chosen therapy has usually been unilateral salpingectomy. Recently, different conservative (tube-preserving) treatment-modalities have been introduced in clinical practice. We have tried conservative treatment by local injection of prostaglandin F2a (total dose 2-4 mg) directly into the tubal pregnancy and, if feasible, also into the corpus luteum graviditate. The treatment was successful in 13 out of 16 patients. In one patient laparotomia was performed because of pain, and revealed a haematoma in fossa Douglasi. Reinjection of prostaglandin was necessary in one patient because of rising HCG titres. One patient was hospitalized for four days because of nausea and pain. The treatment was otherwise successful. The method may be useful as a non-surgical alternative in haemodynamically stable patients without tubal rupture. Further studies are needed to evaluate the outcome in terms of future fertility.

  6. Energy conservation agreement; Avtale enoek

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Helgerud, H.E.; Alm, L.K.; Moeller, H.M.; Finden, P.

    1996-12-01

    The report analyses the possibilities and approaches on the use of energy conservation agreements as a means between the authorities and the industry in Norway, and a particular attention is laid on the connection between energy consumption and CO{sub 2} discharges both nationally and internationally. The authorities define energy conservation as an efficient socio-economic use of energy, and the industrial branch within processing defines the same as an energy saving measure giving positive environmental effects. The study is connected to stationary energy use, and which includes CO{sub 2} discharges. The stationary energy consumption is about 52 TWh/year, and the thermal energy use within the branch contributes to an annual CO{sub 2} discharge of about 4.65 million tons, or 13% of the total CO{sub 2} discharge in Norway (values from 1993). 29 refs., 3 figs., 6 tabs.

  7. Cubication of conservative nonlinear oscillators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belendez, Augusto; Alvarez, Mariela L [Departamento de Fisica, Ingenieria de Sistemas y Teoria de la Senal, Universidad de Alicante, Apartado 99, E-03080 Alicante (Spain); Fernandez, Elena; Pascual, Inmaculada [Departamento de Optica, FarmacologIa y Anatomia, Universidad de Alicante, Apartado 99, E-03080 Alicante (Spain)], E-mail: a.belendez@ua.es

    2009-09-15

    A cubication procedure of the nonlinear differential equation for conservative nonlinear oscillators is analysed and discussed. This scheme is based on the Chebyshev series expansion of the restoring force, and this allows us to approximate the original nonlinear differential equation by a Duffing equation in which the coefficients for the linear and cubic terms depend on the initial amplitude, A, while in a Taylor expansion of the restoring force these coefficients are independent of A. The replacement of the original nonlinear equation by an approximate Duffing equation allows us to obtain an approximate frequency-amplitude relation as a function of the complete elliptic integral of the first kind. Some conservative nonlinear oscillators are analysed to illustrate the usefulness and effectiveness of this scheme.

  8. Built heritage monitoring conservation management

    CERN Document Server

    Boriani, Maurizio; Guidi, Gabriele

    2015-01-01

    This book provides a comprehensive, up-to-date overview on the most pressing issues in the conservation and management of archaeological, architectural, and urban landscapes. Multidisciplinary research is presented on a wide range of built heritage sites, from archaeological ruins and historic centers through to twentieth century and industrial architectural heritage. The role of ICT and new technologies, including those used for digital archiving, surveying, modeling, and monitoring, is extensively discussed, in recognition of their importance for professionals working in the field. Detailed attention is also paid to materials and treatments employed in preventive conservation and management. With contributions from leading experts, including university researchers, professionals, and policy makers, the book will be invaluable for all who seek to understand, and solve, the challenges faced in the protection and enhancement of the built heritage.

  9. Land-use planning for both city and countryside in Shanghai%土地利用规划既要“进好城”又要“下好乡”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石忆邵

    2015-01-01

    Based on the actual situation in Shanghai, this study discusses the objective necessity of land-use planning for both city and countryside, and puts forward new tasks for land-use planning against the background of new urbanization. The author argues that land-use planning of Shanghai’s central city remains indispensable, while land-use planning of Shanghai’s outskirts needs further deepening and reifning. Currently, the main tasks are as follows: (1) to maintain and expand the ecological space network system and to enhance the level of economical and intensive land utilization continuously; (2) to advance in-depth interactive coordination between industrial development and urban construction and to speed up the construction of the urban–agricultural complex city; and (3) to expand public space persistently in the spatial reconstruction of urban and rural areas.%针对上海的实际情况,讨论了土地利用规划既要“进城”又要“下乡”的客观必要性,提出了新型城镇化背景下土地利用规划的新课题。本文认为:上海中心城区的土地利用规划依然必不可少,郊区的土地利用规划有待进一步深化和细化;当前的主要任务是:一要在维护和拓展生态空间网络体系的同时,不断提升土地节约集约利用水平;二要在深度推进产城融合发展进程中,加快建设都农融合城市;三要在城乡空间重构中,持续拓展公共空间。

  10. Research on Causes of Occurrence of Corruption in the Countryside of China and Corresponding Solutions%我国农村腐败现象的发生机理及其规避机制探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗大蒙

    2013-01-01

      正处于社会转型期的我国农村地区,腐败现象极为严重,屡禁不止,并在一定程度上有失控态势。这既是人性自私动机驱使的结果,也存在文化方面的原因,同时制度和法制的漏洞也为基层腐化留下了极大的空间。要有效地整治农村基层腐败,需要建立健全预防和惩处腐败体系,把对人性和社会风气的正确引导与民主制度建设、完善监管体系、加大惩处力度等有机结合起来,多管齐下,从而遏制腐败的滋生蔓延。%Chinese countryside areas are in the period of the social transformation, so corruption is ex-tremely serious despite repeated prohibition, and to some extent it has a tendency to be out of control. It is not only the result of being driven by the human�s selfish motivations, but also the result of cultural attribution. At the same time, the vulnerabilities of both institutional and legal system leave a great deal of space for the grass-roots level corruption. Establishing and improving the system of preventing and punishing corruption are needed in the process of effective regulation in rural grass-roots level corruption, which combines the correct guidance of humanity with the social morality and the construction of democratic system, the improvement of the regulato-ry system, the intensification of sterner punishment and so on. The multi-pronged approach could thoroughly prevent the growth and spread of corruption.

  11. Consequences of Not Conserving Water

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narayanan, M.; Crawford, L.

    2015-12-01

    The problem of fresh water is not only local, but also global. In certain parts of the world, much needed rain is becoming less frequent, possibly due to the effects of global warming. The resources of clean fresh water on earth are very limited and are reducing every year due to pollution like industrial waste, oil spills, untreated sewage, inefficient irrigation systems, waste and leakage, etc. This is destroying the ecosystem of the entire planet. Of course, in some parts of world there is rain almost throughout the year. Regardless, major problems are still prevalent because of a variety of reasons such as drainage, storage, evaporation, cleanliness, etc. It is all too well known that evapotranspiration contributes to a significant water loss from drainage basins. Most of the citizens of this world are still careless about water usage and are unappreciative of the need for water conservation. This is a very unpleasant fact and needs to change. Cost expenditures for the development of infrastructure to supply water to households and industries are becoming prohibitively expensive. Many parts in this world have extremely dry terrain and rainfall is not as frequent as it should be. As a result, the underground water tables are not replenished properly, thereby turning regions to arid land and deserts. Unless effective irrigation methods are used, potential evapotranspiration may be actually greater than precipitation provided by nature. The soil therefore dries out creating an arid landmass. The earth and its inhabitants can sustain only if creative methods of clean water conservation ideas are effectively implemented. (Co-author: Dr. Mysore Narayanan) References: http://www.epa.gov/oaintrnt/water/http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=conservationhttp://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/wr/ws/wtrcnsv.htmlhttp://www.sandiego.gov/water/conservation/http://www.swcs.org/http://www.awwa.org/resources-tools/water-knowledge/water-conservation.aspxhttp://www.benefits-of-recycling.com/waterconservationmethods/

  12. Conservation and the botanist effect

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahrends, Antje; Rahbek, Carsten; Bulling, Mark T.

    2011-01-01

    Over the last few decades, resources for descriptive taxonomy and biodiversity inventories have substantially declined, and they are also globally unequally distributed. This could result in an overall decline in the quality of biodiversity data as well as geographic biases, reducing the utility ...... and in the provisioning of good facilities would substantially increase recording efficiency and data reliability, thereby improving conservation planning and implementation on the ground....

  13. Conservation of Circulation in Magnetohydrodynamics

    OpenAIRE

    Bekenstein, Jacob D.; Oron, Asaf

    2000-01-01

    We demonstrate, both at the Newtonian and (general) relativistic levels, the existence of a generalization of Kelvin's circulation theorem (for pure fluids) which is applicable to perfect magnetohydrodynamics. The argument is based on the least action principle for magnetohydrodynamic flow. Examples of the new conservation law are furnished. The new theorem should be helpful in identifying new kinds of vortex phenomena distinct from magnetic ropes or fluid vortices.

  14. Island biodiversity conservation needs palaeoecology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nogué, Sandra; de Nascimento, Lea; Froyd, Cynthia A.

    2017-01-01

    The discovery and colonization of islands by humans has invariably resulted in their widespread ecological transformation. The small and isolated populations of many island taxa, and their evolution in the absence of humans and their introduced taxa, mean that they are particularly vulnerable to ...... and the introduction of non-native species. We provide exemplification of how such approaches can provide valuable information for biodiversity conservation managers of island ecosystems....

  15. Wildlife cancer: a conservation perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAloose, Denise; Newton, Alisa L

    2009-07-01

    Until recently, cancer in wildlife was not considered to be a conservation concern. However, with the identification of Tasmanian devil facial tumour disease, sea turtle fibropapillomatosis and sea lion genital carcinoma, it has become apparent that neoplasia can be highly prevalent and have considerable effects on some species. It is also clear that anthropogenic activities contribute to the development of neoplasia in wildlife species, such as beluga whales and bottom-dwelling fish, making them sensitive sentinels of disturbed environments.

  16. Conservation of circulation in magnetohydrodynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bekenstein; Oron

    2000-10-01

    We demonstrate at both the Newtonian and (general) relativistic levels the existence of a generalization of Kelvin's circulation theorem (for pure fluids) that is applicable to perfect magnetohydrodynamics. The argument is based on the least action principle for magnetohydrodynamic flow. Examples of the new conservation law are furnished. The new theorem should be helpful in identifying new kinds of vortex phenomena distinct from magnetic ropes or fluid vortices.

  17. Conservative treatment modalities in retinoblastoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhavna Chawla

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Retinoblastoma is the most common primary intraocular malignancy of childhood. A potentially curable cancer, its treatment has improved significantly over the last few decades. The purpose of this article is to review the literature on various conservative treatment modalities available for the treatment of retinoblastoma and their effectiveness, when used alone or in combination. Pubmed, Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane library were searched through 2012 for published peer reviewed data on conservative treatment modalities for retinoblastoma. Various studies show that while enucleation remains the standard of care for advanced intraocular tumors, conservative modalities that can result in globe salvage and preservation of useful vision are being increasingly employed. Such modalities include systemic chemotherapy, focal consolidation with transpupillary thermotherapy, laser photocoagulation and cryotherapy, plaque brachytherapy, and delivery of local chemotherapy using subconjunctival, sub-tenon, or intra-arterial routes. When used alone or in combination, these treatment modalities can help in avoidance of external beam radiotherapy or enucleation, thus reducing the potential for long-term side effects, while salvaging useful vision. Radioactive plaque brachytherapy has an established role in selected patients with intraocular retinoblastoma. Local injections of chemotherapeutic agents via the sub-tenon or sub-conjunctival route have been used with varying degrees of success, usually as an adjunct to systemic chemotherapy. Intra-arterial ophthalmic artery delivery of melphalan has shown promising results. It is important to recognize that today, several treatment options are available that can obviate the need for enucleation, and cure the cancer with preservation of functional vision. A thorough knowledge and understanding of these conservative treatment modalities is essential for appropriate management.

  18. The universally conserved prokaryotic GTPases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verstraeten, Natalie; Fauvart, Maarten; Versées, Wim; Michiels, Jan

    2011-09-01

    Members of the large superclass of P-loop GTPases share a core domain with a conserved three-dimensional structure. In eukaryotes, these proteins are implicated in various crucial cellular processes, including translation, membrane trafficking, cell cycle progression, and membrane signaling. As targets of mutation and toxins, GTPases are involved in the pathogenesis of cancer and infectious diseases. In prokaryotes also, it is hard to overestimate the importance of GTPases in cell physiology. Numerous papers have shed new light on the role of bacterial GTPases in cell cycle regulation, ribosome assembly, the stress response, and other cellular processes. Moreover, bacterial GTPases have been identified as high-potential drug targets. A key paper published over 2 decades ago stated that, "It may never again be possible to capture [GTPases] in a family portrait" (H. R. Bourne, D. A. Sanders, and F. McCormick, Nature 348:125-132, 1990) and indeed, the last 20 years have seen a tremendous increase in publications on the subject. Sequence analysis identified 13 bacterial GTPases that are conserved in at least 75% of all bacterial species. We here provide an overview of these 13 protein subfamilies, covering their cellular functions as well as cellular localization and expression levels, three-dimensional structures, biochemical properties, and gene organization. Conserved roles in eukaryotic homologs will be discussed as well. A comprehensive overview summarizing current knowledge on prokaryotic GTPases will aid in further elucidating the function of these important proteins.

  19. Nonprice incentives and energy conservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asensio, Omar I; Delmas, Magali A

    2015-02-10

    In the electricity sector, energy conservation through technological and behavioral change is estimated to have a savings potential of 123 million metric tons of carbon per year, which represents 20% of US household direct emissions in the United States. In this article, we investigate the effectiveness of nonprice information strategies to motivate conservation behavior. We introduce environment and health-based messaging as a behavioral strategy to reduce energy use in the home and promote energy conservation. In a randomized controlled trial with real-time appliance-level energy metering, we find that environment and health-based information strategies, which communicate the environmental and public health externalities of electricity production, such as pounds of pollutants, childhood asthma, and cancer, outperform monetary savings information to drive behavioral change in the home. Environment and health-based information treatments motivated 8% energy savings versus control and were particularly effective on families with children, who achieved up to 19% energy savings. Our results are based on a panel of 3.4 million hourly appliance-level kilowatt-hour observations for 118 residences over 8 mo. We discuss the relative impacts of both cost-savings information and environmental health messaging strategies with residential consumers.

  20. Conservation of North Pacific shorebirds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gill, Robert E.; Butler, Robert W.; Tomkovich, Pavel S.; Mundkur, Taej; Handel, Colleen M.

    1994-01-01

    In his introduction to the 1979 Symposium proceedings entitled “Shorebirds in Marine Environments," Frank Pitelka stressed the need for studies and conservation programs that spanned the western hemisphere (Pitelka 1979). In the 15 years since Pitelka's call to arms, the locations of many important migratory and wintering sites for shorebirds have been identified in the Americas (Senner and Howe 1984, Morrison and Ross 1989, Morrison and Butler 1994) and in the East Asian-Australasian flyway (Lane and Parish 1991, Mundkur 1993, Watkins 1993). However, assessments for Central America, the Russian Far East and most of Oceania remain incomplete or lacking.The recognition that shorebird conservation required the protection of habitats throughout the birds' range (e.g., Morrison 1984, Davidson and Evans 1989 in Ens et al. 1990) prompted the establishment of the Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network (WHSRN) in the Americas in 1985 (Joyce 1986). This program complemented the 1971 Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially for Waterbirds (Ramsar Convention, Smart 1987), recognized by more that 50 countries world-wide.Our purpose for writing this paper is to: (1) describe the distribution of North Pacific shorebirds throughout their annual cycle; (2) review the locations of and threats to important sites used by North Pacific shorebirds during the breeding, migration, and wintering periods, and (3) outline a program for international conservation of Pacific shorebirds.

  1. Credibility and advocacy in conservation science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horton, Cristi C; Peterson, Tarla Rai; Banerjee, Paulami; Peterson, Markus J

    2016-02-01

    Conservation policy sits at the nexus of natural science and politics. On the one hand, conservation scientists strive to maintain scientific credibility by emphasizing that their research findings are the result of disinterested observations of reality. On the other hand, conservation scientists are committed to conservation even if they do not advocate a particular policy. The professional conservation literature offers guidance on negotiating the relationship between scientific objectivity and political advocacy without damaging conservation science's credibility. The value of this guidance, however, may be restricted by limited recognition of credibility's multidimensionality and emergent nature: it emerges through perceptions of expertise, goodwill, and trustworthiness. We used content analysis of the literature to determine how credibility is framed in conservation science as it relates to apparent contradictions between science and advocacy. Credibility typically was framed as a static entity lacking dimensionality. Authors identified expertise or trustworthiness as important, but rarely mentioned goodwill. They usually did not identify expertise, goodwill, or trustworthiness as dimensions of credibility or recognize interactions among these 3 dimensions of credibility. This oversimplification may limit the ability of conservation scientists to contribute to biodiversity conservation. Accounting for the emergent quality and multidimensionality of credibility should enable conservation scientists to advance biodiversity conservation more effectively. © 2015 The Authors. Conservation Biology published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of Society for Conservation Biology.

  2. An Exploration on the Relationship Lending and Financial Support of the "Agriculture, Countryside and Famers"%关系型借贷与金融支持“三农”的探索——以福建省农信社为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芳

    2011-01-01

    Relationship lending promotes to solve the problem of insufficient collateral and lack of "hard information", and effectively alleviates the financing dilemma and becomes the formal financial institutions' primary selection of technology while they financial support for " Agriculture, Countryside and Famers". At present, the credit gap of Fujian "Agriculture, Countryside and Famers" is great. From the perspective of financing techniques, we will improve the loan accessibility, so it will has positive significance in the development of the formal financial support for agriculture.%关系型借贷有助于解决抵押品不足、“硬信息”缺乏等问题,从而有效缓解融资困境,成为正规金融机构支持“三农”的主选技术。目前,福建“三农”的信贷缺口较大,如果能从融资技术的角度出发,改善贷款的可得性,则对探索正规金融机构发展关系型借贷支持“三农”、积极投身海西新农村建设颇具积极意义。

  3. Geomorphological characterization of conservation agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarolli, Paolo; Cecchin, Marco; Prosdocimi, Massimo; Masin, Roberta

    2017-04-01

    Soil water erosion is one of the major threats to soil resources throughout the world. Conventional agriculture has worsened the situation. Therefore, agriculture is facing multiple challenges: it has to produce more food to feed a growing population, and, on the other hand, safeguard natural resources adopting more sustainable production practices. In this perspective, more conservation-minded soil management practices should be taken to achieve an environmental sustainability of crop production. Indeed, conservation agriculture is considered to produce relevant environmental positive outcomes (e.g. reducing runoff and soil erosion, improving soil organic matter content and soil structure, and promoting biological activity). However, as mechanical weed control is limited or absent, in conservation agriculture, dependence on herbicides increases especially in the first years of transition from the conventional system. Consequently, also the risk of herbicide losses via runoff or adsorbed to eroded soil particles could be increased. To better analyse the complexity of soil water erosion and runoff processes in landscapes characterised by conservation agriculture, first, it is necessary to demonstrate if such different practices can significantly affect the surface morphology. Indeed, surface processes such erosion and runoff strongly depend on the shape of the surface. The questions are: are the lands treated with conservation and conventional agriculture different from each other regarding surface morphology? If so, can these differences provide a better understanding of hydrogeomorphic processes as the basis for a better and sustainable land management? To give an answer to these questions, we considered six study areas (three cultivated with no-tillage techniques, three with tillage techniques) in an experimental farm. High-resolution topography, derived from low-cost and fast photogrammetric techniques Structure-from-Motion (SfM), served as the basis to

  4. Global large carnivore conservation and international law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Trouwborst, A.

    2015-01-01

    International cooperation, including through international legal instruments, appears important for the conservation of large carnivores worldwide. This is due to, inter alia, the worrying conservation status and population trends of many large carnivore species; the importance of large carnivores f

  5. From Dust Bowl to Conservation Tillage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Dale

    1992-01-01

    Examines the causes of the dust bowl and recent changes in tillage practices in Oklahoma and other prairie states that conserve soil. Briefly discusses the success of programs that target school children for conservation education. (LZ)

  6. State Conservation Lands; StaCons11

    Data.gov (United States)

    University of Rhode Island Geospatial Extension Program — Approximate edges of Conservation Lands protected by the State of Rhode Island through Fee Title Ownership, Conservation Easement, or Deed Restriction. Includes:...

  7. Global large carnivore conservation and international law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Trouwborst, A.

    2015-01-01

    International cooperation, including through international legal instruments, appears important for the conservation of large carnivores worldwide. This is due to, inter alia, the worrying conservation status and population trends of many large carnivore species; the importance of large carnivores

  8. Landscape Conservative Cooperatives for New Mexico

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — Landscape conservation cooperatives (LCCs) are conservation-science partnerships between the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), and other...

  9. The creation of new traditions: Discussion of relationship between architectural rural practice and local features' inheriting from a heritage conservation perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, M.; Sun, M.

    2015-08-01

    The traditional features of Chinese villages are facing a crisis of discontinuity. In the meantime, there exists a problem in architectural heritage conservation that while preservation and renovation is being done, local self-help construction still proceeds out of control. Nowadays, an increasing number of architects have noticed these phenomena and participate in the evolution of villages carrying various architectural practices in the countryside, which has certain influence at the place, whether during or after the construction. In many well-evaluated rural practice cases in the world, architects not only choose appropriate materials and crafts for natives, but also renew local traditions by offering skill training to craftsmen. However, in Chinese villages, similar practices do not seem to be that effective. Therefore, through field research and interviews, this article discusses the reasons that relatively successful architectural practices in Chinese villages fail to exert a positive influence to the inheriting and update of local traditions. These causes include the increase of information sources, the different aesthetic manner, the conception differences, the influence of constructors, and the instructor role that architects play.

  10. International Conference on Remote Sensing Applications for Archaeological Research and World Heritage Conservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    Contents include the following: Monitoring the Ancient Countryside: Remote Sensing and GIS at the Chora of Chersonesos (Crimea, Ukraine). Integration of Remote Sensing and GIS for Management Decision Support in the Pendjari Biosphere Reserve (Republic of Benin). Monitoring of deforestation invasion in natural reserves of northern Madagascar based on space imagery. Cartography of Kahuzi-Biega National Park. Cartography and Land Use Change of World Heritage Areas and the Benefits of Remote Sensing and GIS for Conservation. Assessing and Monitoring Vegetation in Nabq Protected Area, South Sinai, Egypt, using combine approach of Satellite Imagery and Land Surveys. Evaluation of forage resources in semi-arid savannah environments with satellite imagery: contribution to the management of a protected area (Nakuru National Park) in Kenya. SOGHA, the Surveillance of Gorilla Habitat in World Heritage sites using Space Technologies. Application of Remote Sensing to monitor the Mont-Saint-Michel Bay (France). Application of Remote Sensing & GIS for the Conservation of Natural and Cultural Heritage Sites of the Southern Province of Sri Lanka. Social and Environmental monitoring of a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve: Case Study over the Vosges du Nord and Pfalzerwald Parks using Corona and Spot Imagery. Satellite Remote Sensing as tool to Monitor Indian Reservation in the Brazilian Amazonia. Remote Sensing and GIS Technology for Monitoring UNESCO World Heritage Sites - A Pilot Project. Urban Green Spaces: Modern Heritage. Monitoring of the technical condition of the St. Sophia Cathedral and related monastic buildings in Kiev with Space Applications, geo-positioning systems and GIS tools. The Murghab delta palaeochannel Reconstruction on the Basis of Remote Sensing from Space. Acquisition, Registration and Application of IKONOS Space Imagery for the cultural World Heritage site at Mew, Turkmenistan. Remote Sensing and VR applications for the reconstruction of archaeological landscapes

  11. 韩国新村运动及对我国新农村建设的有益启示%The South Korean New Village Movement and the Inspiratiion the Chinese New Countryside Construction Should Draw from It

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李水山

    2012-01-01

    Abstract: The industrialization and coumry a quite serious imbalance urbanization advanced rapidly in South Korea in the 1960s caused to the between agriculture and industry and rather prominent rural problems. Based on the national and rural condition, the South Korean government and scholars organized and implemented the New Rural Construction and Development Movement through scientific argumentations and by closely combining economic development, technological development and national ethical construction successfully realized the harmonious great-leap-forward development of material and spiritual civilization in a developing capitalist country. The South Korean New Village Movement was conducted in the background: The national ethical level didn't match its social development; the agriculture was on the verge of collapse; great gaps existed both between agriculture and industry and between urban and rural areas; the rural economy lagged behind and the peasants lived in poverty; the rural culture was decadent and the rural common practice degenerated; the rural environment was polluted; and the rural management was in chaos. The social characteristics of the South Korean New Village Movement are shown as follows:Peasants" desire to get rid of poverty and become rich functions as the internal power of the movement and upgrades the movement as a new country building movement; the core of the New Village Movement lies in the New Village education; the government integrates with the masses, the south Korean people lead the movement, and scholars participate widely in the movement and play a positive role; and constructing a harmonious civilized citizen society becomes the greatest achievement of the movement. Therefore, it is suggested that the South Korean experience be used for reference to construct the Chinese socialist new countryside; the organizational and managemental system be made sound; the fiscal input system be perfected; surveys and

  12. The Effects of Psychological Intervention on the Mental Health of Old People Left Behind in the Countryside%心理干预对农村留守老人心理健康的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋英

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察综合心理辅导对改善农村留守老人心理健康状况的影响。方法:运用症状自评量表( ScL-90)和自编主观问卷,对河南农村留守老人心理健康现状进行调查,筛查出有轻重不等的心理问题的198人作为研究对象,随机选取93人为实验组,另外105人为对照组,对实验组实制定综合心理辅导措施施心理干预实验,比较在干预后(6个月)实验组与对照组Scl-90总分及各因子分的得分变化,以及实验组9个月复测Scl-90,观察总分及各因子分的得分变化。结果:横向对照研究,实验组留守老人Scl-90总分较对照组,改善差异具有非常显著性(P<0.01),其中躯体化、人际敏感、抑郁、焦虑、敌对、强迫6项因子得分低于对照组,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.01;P<0.05);实验组纵向研究,9个月后实验组Scl-90总分较实验前的改善差异具有非常显著性(P<0.01)。躯体化、人际敏感、抑郁、焦虑、敌对、强迫6项因子有改善,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.01;P<0.05)。结论:关注农村留守老人的心理健康问题,主动实施综合心理辅导对改善农村留守老人心理健康状况很有必要,心理干预前后有显著性差异。%Objective:To observe the effect of comprehensive psychological guidance to the improvement of mental health of old people left behind in the countryside.Methods:Using symptom Checklist-90 (ScL 90) and the self-made questionnaire to make the investi-gation of status of mental health of old people left behind in the Henan Province countryside, and then Screening of 198 people who have psychological problems of varying severity as the survey object, among them ,there are 93 person were randomly selected as the experimen-tal group, the other 105 as control group.The researcher made comprehensive psychological measures applied psychological

  13. Biodiversity conservation and the eradication of poverty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, William M; Aveling, Ros; Brockington, Dan; Dickson, Barney; Elliott, Jo; Hutton, Jon; Roe, Dilys; Vira, Bhaskar; Wolmer, William

    2004-11-12

    It is widely accepted that biodiversity loss and poverty are linked problems and that conservation and poverty reduction should be tackled together. However, success with integrated strategies is elusive. There is sharp debate about the social impacts of conservation programs and the success of community-based approaches to conservation. Clear conceptual frameworks are needed if policies in these two areas are to be combined. We review the links between poverty alleviation and biodiversity conservation and present a conceptual typology of these relationships.

  14. Public Incentives for Conservation on Private Land

    OpenAIRE

    Suter, Jordan; Sahan, Dissanayake; Lynne, Lewis

    2014-01-01

    Habitat destruction and fragmentation resulting from land development has motivated considerable public and private expenditures on land conservation initiatives. In addition to direct expenditures related to the procurement of conservation land, legislators have also put in place incentives aimed at encouraging private landowners to voluntarily donate conservation easements. Many landowners have taken advantage of these incentives, as private land held under conservation easement increased n...

  15. Harnessing private sector conservation of biodiversity

    OpenAIRE

    Productivity Commission

    2002-01-01

    'Harnessing Private Sector Conservation of Biodiversity' was released on 4 December 2001. This paper provides an economic perspective on the role the private sector can play in conservation of biodiversity. It focuses on opportunities for governments to facilitate biodiversity conservation by enabling markets to allocate resources better. With more than 60 per cent of Australia's land area under private management, conservation cannot be adequately addressed without private sector participati...

  16. Contending with uncertainty in conservation management decisions

    OpenAIRE

    Michael A. McCarthy

    2014-01-01

    Efficient conservation management is particularly important because current spending is estimated to be insufficient to conserve the world's biodiversity. However, efficient management is confounded by uncertainty that pervades conservation management decisions. Uncertainties exist in objectives, dynamics of systems, the set of management options available, the influence of these management options, and the constraints on these options. Probabilistic and nonprobabilistic quantitative methods ...

  17. Conservative treatment of sciatica : A systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vroomen, PCAJ; de Krom, MCTFM; Slofstra, PD; Knottnerus, JA

    2000-01-01

    Most patients with sciatica (often caused by disc herniations) are managed conservatively at first. The natural course seems to be favorable. The additional value of many conservative therapies remains controversial. Because a systematic review of the conservative treatment of sciatica is lacking, s

  18. Robust network design for multispecies conservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ronan Le Bras; Bistra Dilkina; Yexiang Xue; Carla P. Gomes; Kevin S. McKelvey; Michael K. Schwartz; Claire A. Montgomery

    2013-01-01

    Our work is motivated by an important network design application in computational sustainability concerning wildlife conservation. In the face of human development and climate change, it is important that conservation plans for protecting landscape connectivity exhibit certain level of robustness. While previous work has focused on conservation strategies that result...

  19. Climate change threatens European conservation areas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bastos Araujo, Miguel; Alagador, Diogo; Cabeza, Mar;

    2011-01-01

    Europe has the world's most extensive network of conservation areas. Conservation areas are selected without taking into account the effects of climate change. How effectively would such areas conserve biodiversity under climate change? We assess the effectiveness of protected areas and the Natur...

  20. 7 CFR 631.9 - Conservation plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Conservation plan. 631.9 Section 631.9 Agriculture... plan. (a) An applicant is responsible for developing a conservation plan, in cooperation with the conservation district, that protects the resource base in a manner acceptable to NRCS. This plan will be...

  1. 36 CFR 910.36 - Energy conservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Energy conservation. 910.36... DEVELOPMENT AREA Standards Uniformly Applicable to the Development Area § 910.36 Energy conservation. All new..., and the District of Columbia Energy Conservation Code Act of 1979 and its implementing regulations...

  2. 24 CFR 242.82 - Energy conservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Energy conservation. 242.82 Section... INSURANCE FOR HOSPITALS Miscellaneous Requirements § 242.82 Energy conservation. Construction, mechanical equipment, and energy and metering selections shall provide cost-effective energy conservation in...

  3. On energy conservation in extended magnetohydrodynamics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kimura, Keiji [Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa Oiwake-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Morrison, P. J. [Department of Physics and Institute for Fusion Studies, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712-1060 (United States)

    2014-08-15

    A systematic study of energy conservation for extended magnetohydrodynamic models that include Hall terms and electron inertia is performed. It is observed that commonly used models do not conserve energy in the ideal limit, i.e., when viscosity and resistivity are neglected. In particular, a term in the momentum equation that is often neglected is seen to be needed for conservation of energy.

  4. 43 CFR 427.1 - Water conservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Water conservation. 427.1 Section 427.1... INTERIOR WATER CONSERVATION RULES AND REGULATIONS § 427.1 Water conservation. (a) In general. The Secretary shall encourage the full consideration and incorporation of prudent and responsible water...

  5. Water Conservation Education with a Rainfall Simulator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kok, Hans; Kessen, Shelly

    1997-01-01

    Describes a program in which a rainfall simulator was used to promote water conservation by showing water infiltration, water runoff, and soil erosion. The demonstrations provided a good background for the discussion of issues such as water conservation, crop rotation, and conservation tillage practices. The program raised awareness of…

  6. Valuation of nature in conservation and restoration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Swart, JAA; van der Windt, HJ; Keulartz, J

    2001-01-01

    Valuation of nature is an important aspect of nature conservation and restoration. Understanding valuation in a broad sense may contribute to conservation strategies since it may lead to better support from society. In this article we propose a model of valuation with respect to conservation and res

  7. Quantifying solute transport processes: are chemically "conservative" tracers electrically conservative?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singha, Kamini; Li, Li; Day-Lewis, Frederick D.; Regberg, Aaron B.

    2012-01-01

    The concept of a nonreactive or conservative tracer, commonly invoked in investigations of solute transport, requires additional study in the context of electrical geophysical monitoring. Tracers that are commonly considered conservative may undergo reactive processes, such as ion exchange, thus changing the aqueous composition of the system. As a result, the measured electrical conductivity may reflect not only solute transport but also reactive processes. We have evaluated the impacts of ion exchange reactions, rate-limited mass transfer, and surface conduction on quantifying tracer mass, mean arrival time, and temporal variance in laboratory-scale column experiments. Numerical examples showed that (1) ion exchange can lead to resistivity-estimated tracer mass, velocity, and dispersivity that may be inaccurate; (2) mass transfer leads to an overestimate in the mobile tracer mass and an underestimate in velocity when using electrical methods; and (3) surface conductance does not notably affect estimated moments when high-concentration tracers are used, although this phenomenon may be important at low concentrations or in sediments with high and/or spatially variable cation-exchange capacity. In all cases, colocated groundwater concentration measurements are of high importance for interpreting geophysical data with respect to the controlling transport processes of interest.

  8. Global conservation status of sponges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, James J; McGrath, Emily; Biggerstaff, Andrew; Bates, Tracey; Cárdenas, César A; Bennett, Holly

    2015-02-01

    Sponges are important for maintaining ecosystem function and integrity of marine and freshwater benthic communities worldwide. Despite this, there has been no assessment of their current global conservation status. We assessed their status, accounting for the distribution of research effort; patterns of temporal variation in sponge populations and assemblages; the number of sponges on threatened species lists; and the impact of environmental pressures. Sponge research effort has been variable; marine sponges in the northeastern Atlantic and Mediterranean and freshwater sponges in Europe and North America have received the most attention. Although sponge abundance has increased in some locations since 1990, these were typically on coral reefs, in response to declines in other benthic organisms, and restricted to a few species. Few data were available on temporal trends in freshwater sponge abundance. Despite over 8500 described sponge species, only 20 are on threatened species lists, and all are marine species from the northeastern Atlantic and Mediterranean. Of the 202 studies identified, the effects of temperature, suspended sediment, substratum loss, and microbial pathogens have been studied the most intensively for marine sponges, although responses appear to be variable. There were 20 studies examining environmental impacts on freshwater sponges, and most of these were on temperature and heavy metal contamination. We found that most sponges do not appear to be threatened globally. However, little information is available for most species and more data are needed on the impacts of anthropogenic-related pressures. This is a critical information gap in understanding sponge conservation status. © 2015 Society for Conservation Biology.

  9. Conservation physiology of animal migration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lennox, Robert J; Chapman, Jacqueline M; Souliere, Christopher M; Tudorache, Christian; Wikelski, Martin; Metcalfe, Julian D; Cooke, Steven J

    2016-01-01

    Migration is a widespread phenomenon among many taxa. This complex behaviour enables animals to exploit many temporally productive and spatially discrete habitats to accrue various fitness benefits (e.g. growth, reproduction, predator avoidance). Human activities and global environmental change represent potential threats to migrating animals (from individuals to species), and research is underway to understand mechanisms that control migration and how migration responds to modern challenges. Focusing on behavioural and physiological aspects of migration can help to provide better understanding, management and conservation of migratory populations. Here, we highlight different physiological, behavioural and biomechanical aspects of animal migration that will help us to understand how migratory animals interact with current and future anthropogenic threats. We are in the early stages of a changing planet, and our understanding of how physiology is linked to the persistence of migratory animals is still developing; therefore, we regard the following questions as being central to the conservation physiology of animal migrations. Will climate change influence the energetic costs of migration? Will shifting temperatures change the annual clocks of migrating animals? Will anthropogenic influences have an effect on orientation during migration? Will increased anthropogenic alteration of migration stopover sites/migration corridors affect the stress physiology of migrating animals? Can physiological knowledge be used to identify strategies for facilitating the movement of animals? Our synthesis reveals that given the inherent challenges of migration, additional stressors derived from altered environments (e.g. climate change, physical habitat alteration, light pollution) or interaction with human infrastructure (e.g. wind or hydrokinetic turbines, dams) or activities (e.g. fisheries) could lead to long-term changes to migratory phenotypes. However, uncertainty remains

  10. Water Conservation and Economic Incentives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narayanan, M.

    2016-12-01

    Water has played a vital role in the progress of human civilization throughout history. Both agriculture based economics as well as industry based economics totally rely upon water for survival and prosperity. Water could be a limiting factor in dictating day-to-day human activities and as such one should learn to live within the limits of available natural resources. Most of the water on this earth is either salty or undrinkable. Only one percent of world's water is available for all the needs of human civilization. This includes human personal household needs, community activities, agriculture, industry, plant and animal life sustenance. The supply of usable fresh water is finite and the per capita consumption of fresh water needs to be reduced in particularly in some selected regions of this world. The United States consumes about 450 billion gallons of water every day. The U.S. daily average of water pumped by public water supply systems is 185 gallons per person. The biggest water gobbler in a household is the lawn. Typically, at least 50% of water consumed by households is used outdoors. Even inside a house, bathroom facilities claim nearly 75% of the water used. Here is a short list of economic Incentives that may help water conservation. (1) Providing rebates, refunds or other economic incentives to those consumers that are willing to change to modern technological methods. Examples include, but not limited to energy efficient washing machines, low-flush toilets and improved shower head designs. (2) Communities should provide economic incentives to limit the type and size of landscaping. (3) Need, necessity and nature of outdoor water use could be restricted whenever possible. (4) Sprinkler ban may be deemed appropriate in extreme cases. (5) Set up hotlines that can help penalize those that ignore water conservation guidelines. (6) Incorporating water conservation monitors. References: http://www.nrdc.org/water/http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/wr/ws/wtrcnsv.htmlhttp://www.sscwd.org/tips.html

  11. Cultivating creativity in conservation science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aslan, Clare E; Pinsky, Malin L; Ryan, Maureen E; Souther, Sara; Terrell, Kimberly A

    2014-04-01

    Conservation practitioners and scientists are often faced with seemingly intractable problems in which traditional approaches fail. While other sectors (e.g., business) frequently emphasize creative thinking to overcome complex challenges, creativity is rarely identified as an essential skill for conservationists. Yet more creative approaches are urgently needed in the effort to sustain Earth's biodiversity. We identified 4 strategies to develop skills in creative thinking and discuss underlying research and examples supporting each strategy. First, by breaking down barriers between disciplines and surrounding oneself with unfamiliar people, concepts, and perspectives, one can expand base knowledge and experiences and increase the potential for new combinations of ideas. Second, by meeting people where they are (both literally and figuratively), one exposes oneself to new environments and perspectives, which again broadens experiences and increases ability to communicate effectively with stakeholders. Third, by embracing risk responsibly, one is more likely to develop new, nontraditional solutions and be open to high-impact outcomes. Finally, by following a cycle of learning, struggle, and reflection, one can trigger neurophysiological changes that allow the brain to become more creative. Creativity is a learned trait, rather than an innate skill. It can be actively developed at both the individual and institutional levels, and learning to navigate the relevant social and practical barriers is key to the process. To maximize the success of conservation in the face of escalating challenges, one must take advantage of what has been learned from other disciplines and foster creativity as both a professional skill and an essential component of career training and individual development. © 2013 Society for Conservation Biology.

  12. A Tibetan Countryside Doctor—Lhamo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    STARTING from the town of Ngapa County ill Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Sichuan Province, following a rugged, winding country road, against the current of the Dajin River, we drove for about an hour covering 29 kilometers to reach Serdru Village of Pade Township, Rongdar County. We met Tibetan doctor Lhamo wearing a bright national costume at the sanitation and medical station of Serdru Village. She is just over 40

  13. Labor's charm wins over countryside / Milda Seputyte

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seputyte, Milda

    2005-01-01

    Küsitluste järgi on Leedu Tööpartei toetus elanike seas tõusnud 25,3 protsendini. Juhul kui praegune peaminister Algirdas Brazauskas peaks skandaali tõttu ametist tagasi astuma, kavatseb sellele kohale kandideerida Tööpartei esimees Viktor Uspaskihh

  14. Labor's charm wins over countryside / Milda Seputyte

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seputyte, Milda

    2005-01-01

    Küsitluste järgi on Leedu Tööpartei toetus elanike seas tõusnud 25,3 protsendini. Juhul kui praegune peaminister Algirdas Brazauskas peaks skandaali tõttu ametist tagasi astuma, kavatseb sellele kohale kandideerida Tööpartei esimees Viktor Uspaskihh

  15. [CORPSE CONSERVATION: ATTILIO MAGGIA'S PREPARATIONS].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porro, Alessandro; Franchini, Antonia Francesca; Galimberti, Paolo M; Lorusso, Lorenzo; Falconi, Bruno

    2015-01-01

    The authors analyze Attilio Maggia's method of corpse conservation. His method was based on development of formaline vapours and preservation of corpse into a hermetically closed coffin (U.S.Patent 1150688 - Aug. 17, 1915). The corpses preserved could also be hardened after the treatment, exposing them to the air. Attilio Maggia (1864-1945) treated the corpse of italian writer Giovanni Verga (1840-1922). Some Maggia's preparations were preserved into obstetrical museum at Milan University: they are lost, but some records remain (an old inventory register) and attest us the industry of this physician.

  16. Nature Conservation Policies and Strategies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ildiko IOAN

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Humans dependence on nature is beyond doubt one of the most powerfulevidence that supports the thesis of environmental protection. This relation is manifold and it was approached in various frameworks. The paper focuses on the conservation of nature in its narrow sense, meaning natural ecosystems and biodiversity. Although this topic is among the top priorities in environmental policymaking, the progresses recorded to date are not reflecting this position. The analysis aims to highlight the main policies and strategies and the developments for new actions targeting improved effectiveness.

  17. The Conservation of Panel paintings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Until the early 17th century almost all portable paintings were created on wood supports, including masterpieces by famous painters, ranging from Giotto to Dürer to Rembrandt. The structural conservation of these paintings requires specific knowledge and skills as the supports are susceptible...... to damage caused by unstable environmental conditions. Unfortunately, past structural interventions often caused significant damage due to insufficient knowledge of the behaviour of the wood panels, glue and paint layers. Over the last fifty years, the field has developed treatment strategies based...

  18. Conservation physiology of marine fishes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Christian; Peck, Myron A.; Antognarelli, Fabio

    2012-01-01

    At the end of May, 17 scientists involved in an EU COST Action on Conservation Physiology of Marine Fishes met in Oristano, Sardinia, to discuss how physiology can be better used in modelling tools to aid in management of marine ecosystems. Current modelling approaches incorporate physiology...... to different extents, ranging from no explicit consideration to detailed physiological mechanisms, and across scales from a single fish to global fishery resources. Biologists from different sub-disciplines are collaborating to rise to the challenge of projecting future changes in distribution and productivity...

  19. Conservation Laws in Gravitation and Cosmology

    CERN Document Server

    Fabris, J C

    2012-01-01

    The existence of conservation laws is one of the most important requirement of physical theories. Some of them, like energy conservation, knows no experimental exception. However, the generalization of these conservation laws to curved space presents many challenges. The implementation of conservation laws in the General Relativity theory is revised, and the possibility of the generalization of the usual expression is discussed. The Rastall's theory of gravity, which considers a modification of the usual conservation of the energy-momentum tensor, is discussed in more detail. Some applications of the Rastall's theory to cosmology are presented, showing that it can lead to competetive results with respect to the Standard Cosmological Model.

  20. 77 FR 22472 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain External Power Supplies...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-16

    ... Part 430 RIN 1904-AB57 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain External... energy conservation standards for certain external power supplies to re-insert a table that had been... statutorily-prescribed energy conservation standards for all Class A external power supplies to meet....

  1. 75 FR 41102 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Furnace Fans: Reopening of Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-15

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Part 430 RIN 1904-AC22 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards... establish energy conservation standards for the use of electricity for purposes of circulating air through... (DOE) initiated a rulemaking to consider establishing new energy conservation standards or energy......

  2. 76 FR 31795 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-In Coolers and Freezers...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-02

    ... Part 431 RIN 1904-AB85 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-In Coolers... . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA), as amended by section... Subjects in 10 CFR Part 431 Administrative practice and procedure, Energy conservation, Reporting...

  3. 78 FR 7296 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Small, Large, and Very Large...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    ... Part 431 RIN 1904-AC95 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Small, Large, and... energy conservation standards for certain commercial air-conditioning and heating equipment. This notice... ] Public Law 95-619, Title IV, Sec. 441(a), established the Energy Conservation Program for...

  4. 77 FR 13026 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standard for Automatic Commercial Ice Makers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-05

    ... Part 431 RIN 1904-AC39 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standard for Automatic... classes that DOE plans to analyze for purposes of establishing energy conservation standards for automatic... products; and potential energy conservation standard levels derived from these analyses that DOE...

  5. 78 FR 62494 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Ceiling Fans

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-22

    ... Part 430 RIN 1904-AC87 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Ceiling Fans... certain information to help inform its current rulemaking to consider setting energy conservation... INFORMATION: I. Introduction Title III, Part B \\1\\ of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (EPCA...

  6. 78 FR 77019 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-20

    ... Part 430 RIN 1904-AD08 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Consumer... the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (EPCA or ``the Act'') (42 U.S.C. 6291-6309, as codified), which provides for an energy conservation program for consumer products other than automobiles, and...

  7. 75 FR 10873 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Small Electric Motors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-09

    ... Energy 10 CFR Part 431 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Small Electric... Regulations#0;#0; ] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Part 431 RIN 1904-AB70 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Small Electric Motors AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable......

  8. 76 FR 22324 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Dryers and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-21

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Part 430 RIN 1904-AA89 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards... Renewable Energy, Department of Energy. ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) prescribes energy conservation standards for various consumer products and......

  9. 77 FR 59719 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Washers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    ... CFR Parts 429 and 430 RIN 1904-AB90 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for... of Energy (DOE) published a direct final rule to establish amended energy conservation standards for... adoption of the energy conservation standards established in the direct final rule and announcing...

  10. 76 FR 20089 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-11

    ... April 11, 2011 Part II Department of Energy 10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Program: Energy... Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts AGENCY: Office of Energy... public meeting. SUMMARY: The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) prescribes energy......

  11. 76 FR 39245 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Furnaces and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Part 430 RIN 1904-AC06 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential... Register on June 27, 2011, regarding the Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards...

  12. 76 FR 22453 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Dryers and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-21

    ... April 21, 2011 Part II Department of Energy 10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Program: Energy... 10 CFR Part 430 RIN 1904-AA89 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for..., Department of Energy. ACTION: Direct final rule. SUMMARY: The Energy Policy and Conservation Act...

  13. 76 FR 52852 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Clothes Dryers and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-24

    ... Part 430 RIN 1904-AA89 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential....S. Department of Energy (DOE) adopted amended energy conservation standards for residential clothes dryers and room air conditioners. As required by the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA), DOE...

  14. 76 FR 52892 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent Lamp Ballasts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-24

    ... Part 430 RIN 1904-AB50 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent Lamp... fluorescent lamp ballasts (ballasts) pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (EPCA). During... The EPCA establishes energy conservation standards for certain ballasts and requires that DOE...

  15. 78 FR 62988 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-23

    ... Parts 430 and 431 RIN 1904-AD08 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain... American Energy Manufacturing Technical Corrections Act amended the Energy Policy and Conservation Act as... revised energy conservation standards and definitions, as well as technical corrections, which...

  16. 77 FR 7281 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Distribution Transformers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-10

    ... February 10, 2012 Part III Department of Energy 10 CFR Part 431 Energy Conservation Program: Energy... Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Distribution Transformers AGENCY: Office... rulemaking and public meeting. SUMMARY: The Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (EPCA), as...

  17. 75 FR 17036 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Small Electric Motors; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-05

    ... Part 431 RIN 1904-AB70 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Small Electric... rule regarding the energy conservation standards for small electric motors, which was published on... energy conservation standards for small electric motors. Due to a drafting error, an incorrect...

  18. 75 FR 27227 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Central Air...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-14

    ... Part 431 RIN 1904-AB47 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential... preliminary analyses performed by DOE for these products; and potential energy conservation standard levels... on the energy conservation standards notice of public meeting (NOPM) and availability of...

  19. 77 FR 10997 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Distribution Transformers; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-24

    ... Part 431 RIN 1904-AC04 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Distribution... regarding energy conservation standards for distribution transformers. It was recently discovered that... the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (EPCA or the Act), Public Law 94-163 (42 U.S.C....

  20. 75 FR 5544 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Metal Halide Lamp Fixtures: Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-03

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Part 431 RIN 1904-AC00 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards...: Any comments submitted must identify the Framework Document for energy conservation standards for... energy conservation standards for metal halide lamp fixtures. The notice provided for the submission...

  1. 76 FR 69122 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Consumer Products...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-08

    ... published amended energy and water conservation standards for commercial clothes washers on January 8, 2010... and water conservation standards and effective dates. (a) Each commercial clothes washer manufactured... Part 431 RIN 1904-AB93 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain...

  2. Diversity, Biodiversity, Conservation, and Sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joao Carlos Marques

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The concepts of diversity and biodiversity are analysed regarding their historical emergence, and their intrinsic meaning and differences are discussed. Through a brief synopsis, difficulties usually experienced by statisticians in capturing the dynamics of diversity are analysed and main problems identified. The shift from diversity to the more holistic biodiversity as a working concept is appraised in terms of the novelty involved. Through a number of examples, the way the two concepts capture natural cyclic changes is analysed, and their reciprocal and complementary relations are approached theoretically. The way diversity could develop from the stores of biodiversity as its active expression through selective and evolutionary processes is described. Through the use of a very simple dynamic model, the concepts of diversity and biodiversity are analysed in extremely opposite hypothetical scenarios. Comparisons with natural situations are made and the theoretical implications from the conservation point of view are discussed. These support the opinion that conservation undertaken in restricted and protected areas is not self-sustainable, needing permanent external intervention to regulate internal processes, and in the long run will most probably lead in the direction of obsolescence and extinction. Finally, the relations between diversity, biodiversity, and sustainability are approached. The vagueness of the sustainability concept is discussed. Preservation of biodiversity is then defended as one of the best available indicators to assist us in fixing boundaries which may help to provide a more precise definition of sustainability.

  3. Biodiversity Conservation in the REDD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferry Slik JW

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Deforestation and forest degradation in the tropics is a major source of global greenhouse gas (GHG emissions. The tropics also harbour more than half the world's threatened species, raising the possibility that reducing GHG emissions by curtailing tropical deforestation could provide substantial co-benefits for biodiversity conservation. Here we explore the potential for such co-benefits in Indonesia, a leading source of GHG emissions from land cover and land use change, and among the most species-rich countries in the world. We show that focal ecosystems for interventions to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in Indonesia do not coincide with areas supporting the most species-rich communities or highest concentration of threatened species. We argue that inherent trade-offs among ecosystems in emission reduction potential, opportunity cost of foregone development and biodiversity values will require a regulatory framework to balance emission reduction interventions with biodiversity co-benefit targets. We discuss how such a regulatory framework might function, and caution that pursuing emission reduction strategies without such a framework may undermine, not enhance, long-term prospects for biodiversity conservation in the tropics.

  4. Seeing (and Doing) Conservation Through Cultural Lenses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Richard B.; Russell, Diane; West, Paige; Brosius, J. Peter

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we first discuss various vantage points gained through the authors’ experience of approaching conservation through a “cultural lens.” We then draw out more general concerns that many anthropologists hold with respect to conservation, summarizing and commenting on the work of the Conservation and Community Working Group within the Anthropology and Environment Section of the American Anthropological Association. Here we focus on both critiques and contributions the discipline of anthropology makes with regard to conservation, and show how anthropologists are moving beyond conservation critiques to engage actively with conservation practice and policy. We conclude with reflections on the possibilities for enhancing transdisciplinary dialogue and practice through reflexive questioning, the adoption of disciplinary humility, and the realization that “cross-border” collaboration among conservation scholars and practitioners can strengthen the political will necessary to stem the growing commoditization and ensuing degradation of the earth’s ecosystems.

  5. Energy-Momentum and Gauge Conservation Laws

    CERN Document Server

    Giachetta, G; Sardanashvily, G

    1999-01-01

    We treat energy-momentum conservation laws as particular gauge conservation laws when generators of gauge transformations are horizontal vector fields on fibre bundles. In particular, the generators of general covariant transformations are the canonical horizontal prolongations of vector fields on a world manifold. This is the case of the energy-momentum conservation laws in gravitation theories. We find that, in main gravitational models, the corresponding energy-momentum flows reduce to the generalized Komar superpotential. We show that the superpotential form of a conserved flow is the common property of gauge conservation laws if generators of gauge transformations depend on derivatives of gauge parameters. At the same time, dependence of conserved flows on gauge parameters make gauge conservation laws form-invariant under gauge transformations.

  6. 从《夷坚志》看宋代农村的雇佣劳动%On Wage Labor in the Countryside of Song Dynasty in Yi Jian Zhi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘树友

    2015-01-01

    Yi Jian Zhi, was written by Hong Mai, the famous scholar of the Southern Song Dynasty, and it is a marvelous clas-sical novel featured ghost stories, consisting of extensive phenomena about social economy and routine life of Song Dynasty. And it is of great historical value. Offering labor for sale to survive is the only choice for peasants being lack of producer goods. Many ways were introduced in Yi Jian Zhi, throughout the fields of production process and routine life. The employed labor force was distributed into non-productive area because of the limitation of the whole developing level of urban handicraft industry and social economy. Wage labor sold the labor force for lack of living material to support their families, which determines the feudal quality of wage labor in the countryside of Song Dynasty. The employment relationship had been formed between employer and wage labor, characterized with employment value:employer paid wage labor every day, or every month with cash. Labor just was paid and he was free and without personal bondage to employer. Wage labor could leave employer anytime. Wage labor was despised in society that indicated its social status very low.%南宋著名学者洪迈编撰的《夷坚志》,是一部搜罗广博、卷帙浩繁、内容宏富、气象万千的志怪小说集,蕴含大量宋代社会经济、生活珍贵资料,史料价值极高。缺少生产资料,出卖劳动力获取些许收入维持生计,是农民的不二选择,《夷坚志》记载了宋代农民基于各种原因出卖劳动力以维持生计的种种形式,遍及生产、生活各个领域。受城市手工业及社会经济发展整体水平局限,宋代农村雇佣劳动多分布于非生产性领域。雇佣劳动者“薄有赀业”,靠出卖动力补充生计,决定了宋代农村雇佣劳动的封建属性。雇主与雇佣劳动者普遍形成以“雇值”为纽带雇佣与被雇佣的关系,雇主按日、或按月以货币

  7. Viabilidade econômica da produção de eucalipto no interior de São Paulo = Economic viability of eucalyptus production in the countryside of São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helder Roberto Dota Janoselli

    2016-04-01

    culture in the city of São João da Boa Vista, countryside of the state of Sao Paulo. Hence, the cash flow was elaborated within a period of 14 years obtaining the indicators: Net Present Value [NPV]; Internal Rate of Return [IRR]; Payback period (Simple and Discounted, as well as sensitivity analysis. The economic indicators show that the establishment of eucalyptus cultivation, as proposed, with stump removal and the opportunity cost of land, proved to be unfeasible and not profitable for the investor. The NPV was R$ 40,808.70, but negative, IRR was 3.41% and the recovery time for the capital invested by simple payback was in 7.82 years and discounted payback in eight years. The same project with a different way of management, not removing the stumps, with the possibility of planting again, became feasible, with a positive NPV of R$ 6.802,85, IRR at 4.55% and the recovery time for the capital invested by simple payback in 7.82 years and discounted payback in eight years.

  8. 农村土地“以租代征”问题的法律研究%A Legal Study of "Lease Instead of Expropriation" Problem in Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨世建

    2012-01-01

    农村土地"以租代征"之所以屡禁不止,根源在于建设用地的国家管理制度。根据该制度,除兴办乡镇企业、乡镇公共事业等可以使用集体土地外,所有建设用地均需使用国有土地,然而,国有土地不仅指标有限,而且还要经过繁琐的转用审批手续和支付高昂的土地出让金,很多农村企业无力承担用地成本。因此,一律要求所有建设用地均使用国有土地,势必对农村的个体企业、私营企业造成事实歧视。为合理解决"以租代征"问题,应当考虑修改《土地管理法》,允许集体土地自由进入建设用地市场,同时鼓励中小企业与土地权利人通过市场交易方式实现建设用地自由流转,只有在市场交易失败时,国家才能强制征地。%It failed to prohibit "lease instead of expropriation" problem in countryside due to the national governance system of land for construction use.According to the system,state-owned land resources should be used for land construction except for township enterprises,township public utility,etc.,which can make use of collective land.However,there are many township enterprises can not afford the cost of land because of the limited state-owned land resources and the complicated approval procedures and high pay for land-transferring fees.Therefore,if all enterprises,including private and private-owned ones,are asked to use state-owned land for their production so that they would be treated unequally.In order to solve "lease instead of expropriation" problem,it is necessary to consider to implement Land Management Law to allow collective land be part of constructive land market freely,meanwhile,encourage small and medium sized enterprises trade with the land owner through market transaction.State can only take coercive measures to expropriate land if the market transaction fails.

  9. Tourism Development of Wuhu County under the Background of Constructing Beautiful Countryside%美丽乡村建设背景下芜湖县乡村旅游发展探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈启旺

    2013-01-01

      建设美丽乡村是社会主义新农村建设的一个有效载体,“美丽乡村”要求达到“四个美”,即规划科学布局美、村庄整治环境美、创业增收生活美、乡风文明素质美。发展乡村旅游是对推进我国农业转变发展方式、优化调整农业和农村产业结构、促进农民就业增收、建设美丽乡村、统筹城乡发展、拓展旅游业发展空间以及构建社会主义和谐社会具有重要的意义。芜湖县乡村旅游业发展具备良好的交通区位、文化资源、产业政策和客源市场等优势,同时也存在旅游市场影响力小、景点品位不突出、开发资金投入不足、基础设施及公共设施建设滞后等问题。在建设美丽乡村中芜湖县应采取积极参与区域旅游合作、科学合理编制旅游规划、加大旅游宣传营销力度、打造休闲旅游精品等措施来促进乡村旅游发展。%Beautiful country construction is an effective carrier of building new socialist villages. Beautiful country has four requirements or“four beauty”, namely the beauty of layout with scientific planning, the beauty of environment, the beauty of life with high income and the beauty of local custom. The development of rural tourism has great influence on advancing the developing mode change of agriculture in our country, optimizing agriculture and rural industry structure, stimulating farmer employment and income, constructing beautiful countryside, balancing urban and rural development, expanding tourism and building harmonious socialist society. Wuhu County rural tourism development has its advantages such as good traffic loca-tion, cultural resources, industry policy and market. At the same time there also exist some problems such as weak travel mar-ket influence, obscure scenic spots, inadequate development capital and delayed construction of infrastructure and public fa-cilities. In constructing beautiful villages, Wuhu County

  10. Conserving tigers in working landscapes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chanchani, Pranav; Noon, Barry R; Bailey, Larissa L; Warrier, Rekha A

    2016-06-01

    Tiger (Panthera tigris) conservation efforts in Asia are focused on protected areas embedded in human-dominated landscapes. A system of protected areas is an effective conservation strategy for many endangered species if the network is large enough to support stable metapopulations. The long-term conservation of tigers requires that the species be able to meet some of its life-history needs beyond the boundaries of small protected areas and within the working landscape, including multiple-use forests with logging and high human use. However, understanding of factors that promote or limit the occurrence of tigers in working landscapes is incomplete. We assessed the relative influence of protection status, prey occurrence, extent of grasslands, intensity of human use, and patch connectivity on tiger occurrence in the 5400 km(2) Central Terai Landscape of India, adjacent to Nepal. Two observer teams independently surveyed 1009 km of forest trails and water courses distributed across 60 166-km(2) cells. In each cell, the teams recorded detection of tiger signs along evenly spaced trail segments. We used occupancy models that permitted multiscale analysis of spatially correlated data to estimate cell-scale occupancy and segment-scale habitat use by tigers as a function of management and environmental covariates. Prey availability and habitat quality, rather than protected-area designation, influenced tiger occupancy. Tiger occupancy was low in some protected areas in India that were connected to extensive areas of tiger habitat in Nepal, which brings into question the efficacy of current protection and management strategies in both India and Nepal. At a finer spatial scale, tiger habitat use was high in trail segments associated with abundant prey and large grasslands, but it declined as human and livestock use increased. We speculate that riparian grasslands may provide tigers with critical refugia from human activity in the daytime and thereby promote tiger occurrence

  11. Crane reproductive physiology and conservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gee, G.F.

    1983-01-01

    Some unique features of crane reproduction, management, and conservation are described. Because cranes are sexually monomorphic, sexing is difficult and must be accomplished using behavior, laparoscopy, cloacal examination, genetic techniques, or fecal steroid analysis. Although husbandry techniques for cranes are similar to those used with other nondomestic birds, a number of basic characteristics, such as extreme aggressiveness, imprinting by the crane chick on man, a delayed molt in the immature crane, delayed sexual maturity, and infertility, pose special problems for the propagator. Artificial insemination is a practical solution to crane infertility. Vigorous captive management and propagation efforts must become increasingly important if several endangered crane species are to survive the continuing decline in wild populations. The ultimate goal is the restoration of suitable habitat and sustainable native populations.

  12. Why does electromagnetism conserve parity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Babu, K.S.; Mohapatra, R.N. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (USA))

    1990-12-01

    The assumption of electrical neutrality of the neutrino in the context of the standard model is shown to explain why electromagnetism conserves parity. We then construct an extension of the standard model where the neutrino has a nonzero but tiny charge. Such theories necessarily imply a parity-violating component in QED and nonconservation of electric charge ({Delta}{ital Q}{ne}0). The strengths of the parity-violating component of QED as well as {Delta}{ital Q}{ne}0 interactions are connected to the nonvanishing neutrino charge {ital Q}{sub {nu}} which is shown to be bounded by {ital Q}{sub {nu}}{le}10{sup {minus}28}{ital e} in the context of these models.

  13. Conservational PDF Equations of Turbulence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shih, Tsan-Hsing; Liu, Nan-Suey

    2010-01-01

    Recently we have revisited the traditional probability density function (PDF) equations for the velocity and species in turbulent incompressible flows. They are all unclosed due to the appearance of various conditional means which are modeled empirically. However, we have observed that it is possible to establish a closed velocity PDF equation and a closed joint velocity and species PDF equation through conditions derived from the integral form of the Navier-Stokes equations. Although, in theory, the resulted PDF equations are neither general nor unique, they nevertheless lead to the exact transport equations for the first moment as well as all higher order moments. We refer these PDF equations as the conservational PDF equations. This observation is worth further exploration for its validity and CFD application

  14. Conservative management for urinary incontinence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, K H

    2000-04-01

    Gynaecologists have become increasingly aware of the need to offer conservative therapy for genuine stress incontinence. There is good objective evidence from randomized controlled trials to support the use of supervised pelvic floor exercises. The efficacy of biofeedback therapy, vaginal cone weights and electrostimulation therapy is variable and requires further study to identify those women who will benefit the most. The mainstay of therapy for detrusor instability/sensory urgency remains bladder training, which has proven objective efficacy, but new treatments such as transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) offer promise. Finally, for certain groups of women with mixed stress and urge leak, a new range of vaginal and urethral devices provide useful additional options. The specific requirements for future research are discussed.

  15. The Conservation of Panel paintings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Until the early 17th century almost all portable paintings were created on wood supports, including masterpieces by famous painters, ranging from Giotto to Dürer to Rembrandt. The structural conservation of these paintings requires specific knowledge and skills as the supports are susceptible...... to damage caused by unstable environmental conditions. Unfortunately, past structural interventions often caused significant damage due to insufficient knowledge of the behaviour of the wood panels, glue and paint layers. Over the last fifty years, the field has developed treatment strategies based......, it is imperative to strengthen scientific research into the production methods, ageing and future behaviour of panel paintings, being an intricate interplay between different materials. A deeper understanding of the processes that adversely affect panel paintings over time will contribute to the improved care...

  16. [Extensive conservative treatment of obesity].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buri, Caroline; Laederach, Kurt

    2013-02-01

    The treatment of obesity is complex due to the multifactorial etiology. A modern therapy concept must therefore be tailored to the individual needs and problems and depends on various factors such as degree of obesity, the presence of physical complications, psychological co-morbidities, any treatment measures the patient underwent up to now as well as on motivational factors. Before deciding on a therapeutic measure a structured multidisciplinary cooperation is essential including psychosomatic medicine/psychiatry/psychotherapy, endocrinology, sports medicine, nutritional medicine and surgery as well. The treatment must be carried out in a multidisciplinary team and includes an adequate therapy of comorbidities and sometimes a psychopharmacological support. The success of a conservative treatment of obesity is remarkable and long-lasting and can be straightforwardly compared to bariatric surgery in financial as well as ethical terms, although for patients and their physicians the latter often carries the allure of quick success.

  17. Psychological dimensions of Energy Conservation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tonello, Graciela

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the most serious current environmental problems is the depletion of non renewable natural resources. The vast majority of our daily actions involve the consumption of energy and they increase the problem. Environmental psychology studies the psychological motivations that determine pro-ecological behaviour. In this context the aim of this review was to determine which psychological models and variables are better descriptors of residential energy conservation, comparing the predictive power of different models related to behaviour, residential consumption as well as to the acceptability of energy policies. Results suggest that energy saving is mainly linked to altruistic motivations, followed by egoistic reasons and in a minor way to environmental concerns. People would act according to these dimensions when contextual conditions are perceived as appropriate.

  18. Case studies in conservation science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bisulca, Christina

    The research presented in this dissertation covers three separate topics of conservation as defined by the National Science Foundation: 1) Materials Stabilization, Strengthening, Monitoring, and Repair; 2. Understanding Material Degradation and Aging; and 3) Materials and Structural Characterization of Cultural Heritage Objects (the 'technical study'). The first topic is addressed through a study to assess the consolidant tetraethoxysilane for the stabilization of alum treated wood. Falling under materials degradation studies is a study published in American Museum Novitates to understand how environmental conditions affect the aging of fossil resins from five different deposits. Two separate studies are included in technical study of cultural heritage objects which comprises the third research area of materials characterization. The first is a survey of red dyes used in Chinese paintings from the Ming Dynasty to the Early Republic (1364-1911). The second is a study of the pigments, dyes and binders used in Hawaiian barkcloth (kapa) from the 19th century.

  19. Training program for energy conservation in new-building construction. Volume I. Energy conservation technology: management and energy conservation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1977-12-01

    A Model Code for Energy Conservation in New Building Construction was developed by those national organizations primarily concerned with the development and promulgation of model codes. The technical provisions are based on ASHRAE Standard 90-75 and are intended for use by state and local officials. This training manual is both an introduction to the need for energy conservation in buildings and a definition of the need for and the role of the enforcement official for energy conservation.

  20. Invariant conserved currents in generalized gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Obukhov, Yuri N; Puetzfeld, Dirk; Rubilar, Guillermo F

    2015-01-01

    We study conservation laws for gravity theories invariant under general coordinate transformations. The class of models under consideration includes Einstein's general relativity theory as a special case as well as its generalizations to non-Riemannian spacetime geometry and nonminimal coupling. We demonstrate that an arbitrary vector field on the spacetime manifold generates a current density that is conserved under certain conditions, and find the expression of the corresponding superpotential. For a family of models including nonminimal coupling between geometry and matter, we discuss in detail the differential conservation laws and the conserved quantities defined in terms of covariant multipole moments. We show that the equations of motion for the multipole moments of extended microstructured test bodies lead to conserved quantities that are closely related to the conserved currents derived in the field-theoretic framework.

  1. Hyperbolic conservation laws and numerical methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leveque, Randall J.

    1990-01-01

    The mathematical structure of hyperbolic systems and the scalar equation case of conservation laws are discussed. Linear, nonlinear systems and the Riemann problem for the Euler equations are also studied. The numerical methods for conservation laws are presented in a nonstandard manner which leads to large time steps generalizations and computations on irregular grids. The solution of conservation laws with stiff source terms is examined.

  2. Energy-momentum conservation and Lipkin's zilch

    CERN Document Server

    Lashkari-Ghouchan, H

    2014-01-01

    As Noether's theorem states any differentiable symmetry of the action of a physical system has a corresponding conservation law. Lipkin introduced the conservation laws of zilches. But the corresponding symmetries are yet to be determined. Here we find a method to determine those symmetries and by direct calculations express the zilch tensor's relation to current-density for $n$-dimensional Minkowski space-time. Also, we extend this method to calculate symmetries of conservation of energy-momentum.

  3. 77 FR 15933 - Conservation Loan Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-19

    ... provide financing. This often means implementation of vital conservation measures must be postponed. This... effects, distributive impacts, and equity). Executive Order 13563 emphasized the importance of quantifying...

  4. The value of flexibility in conservation financing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lennox, Gareth D; Fargione, Joseph; Spector, Sacha; Williams, Gwyn; Armsworth, Paul R

    2017-06-01

    Land-acquisition strategies employed by conservation organizations vary in their flexibility. Conservation-planning theory largely fails to reflect this by presenting models that are either extremely inflexible-parcel acquisitions are irreversible and budgets are fixed-or extremely flexible-previously acquired parcels can readily be sold. This latter approach, the selling of protected areas, is infeasible or problematic in many situations. We considered the value to conservation organizations of increasing the flexibility of their land-acquisition strategies through their approach to financing deals. Specifically, we modeled 2 acquisition-financing methods commonly used by conservation organizations: borrowing and budget carry-over. Using simulated data, we compared results from these models with those from an inflexible fixed-budget model and an extremely flexible selling model in which previous acquisitions could be sold to fund new acquisitions. We then examined 3 case studies of how conservation organizations use borrowing and budget carry-over in practice. Model comparisons showed that borrowing and budget carry-over always returned considerably higher rewards than the fixed-budget model. How they performed relative to the selling model depended on the relative conservation value of past acquisitions. Both the models and case studies showed that incorporating flexibility through borrowing or budget carry-over gives conservation organizations the ability to purchase parcels of higher conservation value than when budgets are fixed without the problems associated with the selling of protected areas. © 2016 Society for Conservation Biology.

  5. Multispecies genetic objectives in spatial conservation planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nielsen, Erica S; Beger, Maria; Henriques, Romina; Selkoe, Kimberly A; von der Heyden, Sophie

    2016-12-07

    The growing threats to biodiversity and global alteration of habitats and species distributions make it increasingly necessary to consider evolutionary patterns in conservation decision-making. Yet there is no clear-cut guidance on how genetic features can be incorporated into conservation planning processes, with multiple molecular markers and several genetic metrics for each marker type to choose from. Genetic patterns also differ between species, but the potential trade-offs amongst genetic objectives for multiple species in conservation planning are currently understudied. This study compares spatial conservation prioritizations derived from two metrics of both genetic diversity (nucleotide and haplotype diversity) and genetic isolation (private haplotypes and local genetic differentiation) for mitochondrial DNA for five marine species. The findings show that conservation plans based solely on habitat representation noticeably differ from those additionally including genetic data, with habitat-based conservation plans selecting fewer conservation priority areas. Furthermore, all four genetic metrics selected approximately similar conservation priority areas, which is likely a result of prioritizing genetic patterns across a genetically diverse array of species. Largely, the results suggest that multi-species genetic conservation objectives are vital to create protected area networks that appropriately preserve community-level evolutionary patterns. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  6. Conservation planning with multiple organizations and objectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bode, Michael; Probert, Will; Turner, Will R; Wilson, Kerrie A; Venter, Oscar

    2011-04-01

    There has been a dramatic increase in the number of conservation organizations worldwide. It is now common for multiple organizations to operate in the same landscape in pursuit of different conservation goals. New objectives, such as maintenance of ecosystem services, will attract additional funding and new organizations to conservation. Systematic conservation planning helps in the design of spatially explicit management actions that optimally conserve multiple landscape features (e.g., species, ecosystems, or ecosystem services). But the methods used in its application implicitly assume that a single actor implements the optimal plan. We investigated how organizational behavior and conservation outcomes are affected by the presence of autonomous implementing organizations with different objectives. We used simulation models and game theory to explore how alternative behaviors (e.g., organizations acting independently or explicitly cooperating) affected an organization's ability to protect their feature of interest, and investigated how the distribution of features in the landscape influenced organizations' attitudes toward cooperation. Features with highly correlated spatial distributions, although typically considered an opportunity for mutually beneficial conservation planning, can lead to organizational interactions that result in lower levels of protection. These detrimental outcomes can be avoided by organizations that cooperate when acquiring land. Nevertheless, for cooperative purchases to benefit both organizations' objectives, each must forgo the protection of land parcels that they would consider to be of high conservation value. Transaction costs incurred during cooperation and the sources of conservation funding could facilitate or hinder cooperative behavior.

  7. On nonepistemic values in conservation biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumgaertner, Bert; Holthuijzen, Wieteke

    2017-02-01

    Conservation biology is a uniquely interdisciplinary science with strong roots in ecology, but it also embraces a value-laden and mission-oriented framework. This combination of science and values causes conservation biology to be at the center of critique regarding the discipline's scientific credibility-especially the division between the realms of theory and practice. We identify this dichotomy between seemingly objective (fact-based) and subjective (value-laden) practices as the measure-value dichotomy, whereby measure refers to methods and analyses used in conservation biology (i.e., measuring biodiversity) and value refers to nonepistemic values. We reviewed and evaluated several landmark articles central to the foundation of conservation biology and concepts of biodiversity with respect to their attempts to separate measures and values. We argue that the measure-value dichotomy is false and that conservation biology can make progress in ways unavailable to other disciplines because its practitioners are tasked with engaging in both the realm of theory and the realm of practice. The entanglement of measures and values is by no means a weakness of conservation biology. Because central concepts such as biodiversity contain both factual and evaluative aspects, conservation biologists can make theoretical progress by examining, reviewing, and forming the values that are an integral part of those concepts. We suggest that values should be included and analyzed with respect to the methods, results, and conclusions of scientific work in conservation biology. © 2016 Society for Conservation Biology.

  8. Gifford Pinchot’s Thoughts on Conservation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guoxia; ZU

    2014-01-01

    Gifford Pinchot played a significant role in America’s first conversation movement. He put forward many conservation polices for American federal government. Pinchot’s thoughts on natural resources conservation have rich content. He realized the limitation of natural resources,so he advocated scientific management and governmental supervision on public land. He embedded conservation with moral significance and regarded conservation as an essential means of promoting social justice and international peace. The analysis on Pinchot’s thoughts on conversation can help people understand the development of American environmental thoughts in the 20thcentury and can also provide inspiration for natural resources protection in China.

  9. Geography of conservation spending, biodiversity, and culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClanahan, T R; Rankin, P S

    2016-10-01

    We used linear and multivariate models to examine the associations between geography, biodiversity, per capita economic output, national spending on conservation, governance, and cultural traits in 55 countries. Cultural traits and social metrics of modernization correlated positively with national spending on conservation. The global distribution of this spending culture was poorly aligned with the distribution of biodiversity. Specifically, biodiversity was greater in the tropics where cultures tended to spend relatively less on conservation and tended to have higher collectivism, formalized and hierarchical leadership, and weaker governance. Consequently, nations lacking social traits frequently associated with modernization, environmentalism, and conservation spending have the largest component of Earth's biodiversity. This has significant implications for setting policies and priorities for resource management given that biological diversity is rapidly disappearing and cultural traits change slowly. Therefore, we suggest natural resource management adapt to and use characteristics of existing social organization rather than wait for or promote social values associated with conservation spending. Supporting biocultural traditions, engaging leaders to increase conservation commitments, cross-national efforts that complement attributes of cultures, and avoiding interference with nature may work best to conserve nature in collective and hierarchical societies. Spending in modernized nations may be a symbolic response to a symptom of economic development and environmental degradation, and here conservation actions need to ensure that biodiversity is not being lost. © 2016 Society for Conservation Biology.

  10. Conservation easements: biodiversity protection and private use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rissman, Adena R; Lozier, Lynn; Comendant, Tosha; Kareiva, Peter; Kiesecker, Joseph M; Shaw, M Rebecca; Merenlender, Adina M

    2007-06-01

    Conservation easements are one of the primary tools for conserving biodiversity on private land. Despite their increasing use, little quantitative data are available on what species and habitats conservation easements aim to protect, how much structural development they allow, or what types of land use they commonly permit. To address these knowledge gaps, we surveyed staff responsible for 119 conservation easements established by the largest nonprofit easement holder, The Nature Conservancy, between 1985 and 2004. Most easements (80%) aimed to provide core habitat to protect species or communities on-site, and nearly all were designed to reduce development. Conservation easements also allowed for a wide range of private uses, which may result in additional fragmentation and habitat disturbance. Some residential or commercial use, new structures, or subdivision of the property were permitted on 85% of sampled conservation easements. Over half (56%) allowed some additional buildings, of which 60% restricted structure size or building area. Working landscape easements with ranching, forestry, or farming made up nearly half (46%) of the easement properties sampled and were more likely than easements without these uses to be designated as buffers to enhance biodiversity in the surrounding area. Our results demonstrate the need for clear restrictions on building and subdivision in easements, research on the compatibility of private uses on easement land, and greater public understanding of the trade-offs implicit in the use of conservation easements for biodiversity conservation.

  11. Conservation laws for vacuum tetrad gravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Estabrook, Frank B [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States)

    2006-05-07

    Ten conservation laws in useful polynomial form are derived from a Cartan form and exterior differential system (EDS) for the tetrad equations of vacuum general relativity. The Noether construction of conservation laws for well-posed EDSs is introduced first, and an illustration given, deriving 15 conservation laws of the free field Maxwell equations from symmetries of its EDS. The Maxwell EDS and tetrad gravity EDS have parallel structures, with their numbers of dependent variables, numbers of generating 2-forms and generating 3-forms, and Cartan character tables all in the ratio of 1 to 4. They have ten corresponding symmetries with the same Lorentz algebra and ten corresponding conservation laws.

  12. Reflections Around the Conservation of Sacred Thangkas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabine Cotte

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Tibetan thangkas (Buddhist scroll paintings are created as religious ritual objects. The fact that they are mainly considered as artworks in the Western world impacts on the decisions made for their display and conservation. This article explores the current approach to thangkas in Australian public collections and compares it with the views of contemporary Tibetan Buddhism practitioners. It underlines a few misconceptions at the source of conservation decision-making, and discusses practical outcomes of integrating the sacred dimension into professional practice against the backdrop of conservation’s Codes of Ethics. Conserving living religious heritage requires that professional ethical standards are adaptable to the needs of users. Existing frameworks for the conservation of sacred objects of pre-colonised, indigenous cultures provide useful models for the conservation of thangkas. This article argues that engaging with contemporary cultural groups to conserve religious significance is part of the mission of conservators. This is viewed as an expansion of conservation practice into the social realm, in a search for purposeful conservation that establishes the social relevance of our profession.

  13. Theories about consensus-based conservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leach, William D

    2006-04-01

    "Conservation and the Myth of Consensus" (Peterson et al. 2005) levels several serious indictments against consensus-based approaches to environmental decision making. Namely, the authors argue that consensus processes (1) reinforce apathy and ignorance of conservation issues; (2) legitimize damage to the environment; (3) quash public debate about conservation; (4) solidify the existing balance of power in favor of prodevelopment forces; and (5) block progress toward an ecologically sustainable future. Careful scrutiny of consensus-based approaches is important, especially considering their surging use in conservation policy. In the spirit of advancing the debate further, I review some of the limitations of the essay and its modes of inquiry.

  14. Subjective risk assessment for planning conservation projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Game, Edward T.; Fitzsimons, James A.; Lipsett-Moore, Geoff; McDonald-Madden, Eve

    2013-12-01

    Conservation projects occur under many types of uncertainty. Where this uncertainty can affect achievement of a project’s objectives, there is risk. Understanding risks to project success should influence a range of strategic and tactical decisions in conservation, and yet, formal risk assessment rarely features in the guidance or practice of conservation planning. We describe how subjective risk analysis tools can be framed to facilitate the rapid identification and assessment of risks to conservation projects, and how this information should influence conservation planning. Our approach is illustrated with an assessment of risks to conservation success as part of a conservation plan for the work of The Nature Conservancy in northern Australia. Risks can be both internal and external to a project, and occur across environmental, social, economic and political systems. Based on the relative importance of a risk and the level of certainty in its assessment we propose a series of appropriate, project level responses including research, monitoring, and active amelioration. Explicit identification, prioritization, and where possible, management of risks are important elements of using conservation resources in an informed and accountable manner.

  15. Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Information (RCRAInfo)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Information (RCRAInfo) system contains information reported to the state environmental programs on activities and cleanup...

  16. Technology for nature conservation: an industry perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joppa, Lucas N

    2015-11-01

    Information age technology has the potential to change the game for conservation by continuously monitoring the pulse of the natural world. Whether or not it will depends on the ability of the conservation sector to build a community of practice, come together to define key technology challenges and work with a wide variety of partners to create, implement, and sustain solutions. I describe why these steps are necessary, outline the latest developments in the field and offer actionable ways forward for conservation agencies, universities, funding bodies, professional societies, and technology corporations to come together to realize the revolution that computational technologies can bring for biodiversity conservation.

  17. Plate tectonics conserves angular momentum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Bowin

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available A new combined understanding of plate tectonics, Earth internal structure, and the role of impulse in deformation of the Earth's crust is presented. Plate accelerations and decelerations have been revealed by iterative filtering of the quaternion history for the Euler poles that define absolute plate motion history for the past 68 million years, and provide an unprecedented precision for plate angular rotation variations with time at 2-million year intervals. Stage poles represent the angular rotation of a plate's motion between adjacent Euler poles, and from which the maximum velocity vector for a plate can be determined. The consistent maximum velocity variations, in turn, yield consistent estimates of plate accelerations and decelerations. The fact that the Pacific plate was shown to accelerate and decelerate, implied that conservation of plate tectonic angular momentum must be globally conserved, and that is confirmed by the results shown here (total angular momentum ~1.4 E+27 kgm2s−1. Accordingly, if a plate decelerates, other plates must increase their angular momentums to compensate. In addition, the azimuth of the maximum velocity vectors yields clues as to why the "bend" in the Emperor-Hawaiian seamount trend occurred near 46 Myr. This report summarizes processing results for 12 of the 14 major tectonic plates of the Earth (except for the Juan de Fuca and Philippine plates. Plate accelerations support the contention that plate tectonics is a product of torques that most likely are sustained by the sinking of positive density anomalies due to phase changes in subducted gabbroic lithosphere at depth in the upper lower mantle (above 1200 km depth. The tectonic plates are pulled along by the sinking of these positive mass anomalies, rather than moving at near constant velocity on the crests of convection cells driven by rising heat. These results imply that spreading centers are primarily passive reactive

  18. The necessity and possibility of higher vocational education of agriculture and forestry to serve the new socialist countryside construction%农林高职教育服务社会主义新农村建设的可能性与必要性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王翊覃

    2012-01-01

      新形势下,我国农业现代化的推进和“三农”问题的解决需要大批具有一定理论基础和技术,又具有一定管理生产能力的高素质劳动者,而在大农业背景下的农林高职教育所具有的职能和目标人才培养的特点则符合这一要求,这就使得农林高职教育服务社会主义新农村建设成为可能,而且非常必要。本文就农林高职教育服务社会主义新农村建设的可能性与必要性做一探讨。%  Under the new situation, the promotion of agriculture modernization in our country and the solving of"three farming"problems need high-quality workers with large quantities of certain theoretical foundation and technology, also has management production capacity, and the function of higher vocational education of agriculture and forestry under the background of big agriculture and the characteristics of personnel training target is consistent with the requirements, this makes higher vocational education of agriculture and forestry to serve the new socialist countryside construction becomes possible and necessary. The paper discusses the possibility and necessity of higher vocational education of agriculture and forestry to serve the new socialist countryside construction.

  19. 农村留守青少年成长问题及社会工作应对策略分析——以《学校社会工作》课程的实践为例%An Analysis of Remaining Child in the Countryside and Its Solution under Viewing of school social Work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯寿林; 廖颖; 朱为崎; 马小林

    2011-01-01

    农村留守青少年属于新式的弱势群体。该群体的成长问题事关和谐社会的持续发展和社会的稳定。由于父母亲情的缺失所引起的种种问题已得到学术界和政府相关部门的关注,但就针对该群体成长危机方面的解决措施而言,始终缺少一个合理、持久和有效的力量来协助该群体解决成长必须应对的危机。尝试在留守青少年集中的中学引入社会工作者,通过开展相关的社会工作实务活动后发现,学校社会工作者的介入能很好地解决这个问题。学校社会工作者充当多重角色,能充分利用多理论的指导和多种方法的交互运用,能及时、有效地关注并解决青少年成长过程中的心理需求%As a new Vulnerable groups,the problem of remaining child in the countryside is paid attention recently,the research indicats that the children re-mained in the countryside have a lot of problems.If these problems can't be solved well the children may not

  20. Energy Conservation In Computational Grids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Yadav

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available With the increasing development of high-speed wide-area networks and powerful though low cost computational resources, grid computing has emerged as an attractive computing paradigm.With recent advances in computing, the scope of grid computing has been expanded to include mobile and pervasive devices. Grids have become one of the highest consumers of energy. High performance computing is achieved at the cost of energy consumption. Increasing the performance of computer systems requires increasing number of resources which leads to higher power consumption and it creates negative impact on environment. Idle sites in grid are direct sources of energy waste. Saving energy causes twodirect advantages: financial and environmental cost reduction and sustainability. With the Grid becoming a viable high-performance alternative to the traditional supercomputing environment, various aspects of Grid resource utilization which can help in energy conservation are gaining significance. In this paper we explore the possibility of reduction in energy consumption of a grid of heterogeneous computers by making use of different power states of cpu.

  1. [Conservative treatment of acute diverticulitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busser, Nienke; van Hee, Koen; van Dullemen, Hendrik H M; Schipper, D L Lucette

    2013-01-01

    Scientific evidence concerning the treatment of acute diverticulitis is scarce. We describe 2 patients with this condition in this article. The first, a 64-year-old man, came to the emergency room because he had experienced persistent abdominal pain for the previous 4 days. He was diagnosed with uncomplicated diverticulitis. The second patient, a 58-year-old woman, had had pain in her left lower abdomen for 4 weeks; the pain appeared to have been caused by complicated diverticulitis. Both patients were treated conservatively. Only the patient with complicated diverticulitis was administered antibiotics; she underwent surgery at a later date because of persistent pain. Several guidelines recommend the administration of antibiotics; however, a number of recent studies have revealed no benefit to the clinical course from the use of antibiotics. The Dutch guideline, therefore, recommends withholding antibiotics in the acute phase. Conclusive evidence on the best treatment for patients with frequent recurrences or chronic symptoms after an episode of acute diverticulitis is not available. Guidelines advise a personalised treatment strategy for each patient. More research is necessary on the effect of mesalazine in these cases.

  2. Radiation technology for environmental conservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machi, S.

    The use of radiation technology for environmental conservation is becoming increasingly important. Commercial plants for the radiation treatment of sewage sludge to reduce pathogenic micro-organisms have been operating in the Federal Republic of Germany for the past ten years and their technical and economical feasibility has been demonstrated. Irradiation of dried sludge has been developed at the Sandia National Laboratory (USA) using Cs-137, and the construction of a commercial plant is planned in Albuquerque. At the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI), efforts are under way to increase the rate of composting of sludge by radiation. Regarding waste water treatment, a significant synergistic effect of radiation and ozone was found in the reduction of TOC. The construction of a gamma irradiation plant is in the planning stage in Canada, for the disinfection of virus-contaminated waste effluents from the Canadian Animal Disease Research Institute. The treatment of exhaust gases by electron beam has been studied in Japan using a large pilot plant which demonstrated that 90% of SO 2 and 80% of NO x can be removed from the flue gas of iron ore sintering furnaces. The US Department of Energy is assisting in projects for the further development of this technology for combined removal of SO 2 and NO x in flue gas from coal burning power stations.

  3. Preferred conservation policies of shark researchers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shiffman, David S; Hammerschlag, Neil

    2016-08-01

    There is increasing concern about the conservation status of sharks. However, the presence of numerous different (and potentially mutually exclusive) policies complicates management implementation and public understanding of the process. We distributed an online survey to members of the largest professional shark and ray research societies to assess member knowledge of and attitudes toward different conservation policies. Questions covered society member opinions on conservation and management policies, personal histories of involvement in advocacy and management, and perceptions of the approach of conservation nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) to shark conservation. One hundred and two surveys were completed (overall response rate 21%). Respondents considered themselves knowledgeable about and actively involved in conservation and management policy; a majority believed scientists have a responsibility to advocate for conservation (75%), and majorities have sent formal public comments to policymakers (54%) and included policy suggestions in their papers (53%). They believe sustainable shark fisheries are possible, are currently happening today (in a few places), and should be the goal instead of banning fisheries. Respondents were generally less supportive of newer limit-based (i.e., policies that ban exploitation entirely without a species-specific focus) conservation policy tools, such as shark sanctuaries and bans on the sale of shark fins, than of target-based fisheries management tools (i.e., policies that allow for sustainable harvest of species whose populations can withstand it), such as fishing quotas. Respondents were generally supportive of environmental NGO efforts to conserve sharks but raised concerns about some NGOs that they perceived as using incorrect information and focusing on the wrong problems. Our results show there is an ongoing debate in shark conservation and management circles relative to environmental policy on target-based natural

  4. Species and habitat conservation through small locally recognised and community managed Special Conservation Sites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.S. Baral

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Species extinction rate is accelerating at an alarming rate all over the world. Conservation organizations are working day and night to halt this process by mapping areas for important biodiversity and highlighting these as priority areas for conservation. Most priority sites for conservation so far have been very large in area. Although some biodiversity is already lost, there is still much to conserve in the Himalayan region. Special Conservation Site (SCS is an innovative concept for the conservation of small but important biodiversity congregation sites through a people participatory approach. Various guidelines and criteria are set as standard towards making this initiative readily accepted by all conservationists. By initiating this concept, we argue that SCS become a centre for education and awareness on the significance of biodiversity, mentor community-based conservation leaders, provide some income and ultimately add value to the larger landscape level initiatives and protected areas. SCS conservation should be an agenda for all.

  5. 75 FR 57059 - Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation Final Habitat Conservation Plan and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Fish and Wildlife Service Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation Final Habitat... received from the Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation (DNRC) a Final...

  6. Planning methodology of agricultural landscape and its application in ecological conservation development area%生态涵养发展区农业景观规划方法及其应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁发超; 刘黎明; 曲衍波; 双文元

    2014-01-01

    Scientific and rational planning methodology of agricultural landscape is a core technology of China new countryside construction systems. Scientific approach of agricultural landscape planning is directly related to scientificity, practicability and feasibility of agricultural landscape planning. However, landscape planning approach lacks in the new countryside construction of China. In order to meet the requirements of the new countryside construction, the scientific and integrated planning methodology of agricultural landscape was proposed. In this paper, the definition of agricultural landscape was determined. Agricultural landscape could be defined as mosaics of patches serving agricultural production outside the town. It includes farmland, woodland, orchard, water conservancy facilities, rural roads, rural settlements and other ecosystems. On the basis of dominant landscape functional classification and mapping, agricultural landscapes were classed into 4 classes namely agricultural production landscape, agricultural ecological landscape, agricultural service and facility landscape and rural settlement landscape. These four categoties of landscape were planned respectively, unreasonable agricultural landscape units were adjusted. Based on the natural suitability evaluation of the agricultural production landscape, the paper carried out zoning plan of agricultural production landscape. On the basis of field survey and evaluation on service facilities of the agricultural landscape, the roads landscape and the agricultural tourism and leisure landscape were specially planned. As for results of the suitability evaluation on rural settlement landscape, the rural settlement landscape was divided into different development types and then its internal structure was planned. The agro-ecological landscape was planned from the ecological protection areas, ecological corridors of rivers and ecological corridor of traffic, respectively. Taking advantage of the combination

  7. Conservation Education Outreach Program Accomplishment Report, 1998.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kindlund, Rod, Comp.; Boshart, Tihisia, Comp.

    In 1992, Elaine McKinney and six college interns set into motion an experiment in human relations at the Forest Service's Northeast Area and Station Headquarters in Radnor, PA. The program provides basic conservation education to urban youth who may never have been exposed to the concepts of conservation, recycling, or forest management. This…

  8. "Conservation" Below Age Three: Fact or Artifact?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achenbach, Thomas M.

    This study replicated a study by Mehler and Bever (1967) which had reported conservation observed in very young children between 2 years 4 months and 2 years 7 months old. Both Piaget (1968) and Bielen (1968) criticized the Mehler-Bever finding, claiming that true conservation had not been demonstrated. The investigator in the present study sought…

  9. Optimal Regularizing Effect for Scalar Conservation Laws

    CERN Document Server

    Golse, François

    2011-01-01

    We investigate the regularity of bounded weak solutions of scalar conservation laws with uniformly convex flux in space dimension one, satisfying an entropy condition with entropy production term that is a signed Radon measure. The proof is based on the kinetic formulation of scalar conservation laws and on an interaction estimate in physical space.

  10. Italy and the history of preventive conservation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon Lambert

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Italy is a point of reference for the conservation community worldwide, but it has yet to make a definitive leap towards preventive conservation. This paper examines some of the reasons to explain this, in the hope that this may be useful for other countries. After a brief look at the history of preventive conservation from Antiquity to the Second World War, two seldom-discussed Italian initiatives are presented: The Franceschini Commission (1964 and the Pilot plan for the programmed conservation of cultural heritage in Umbria (1976.L’Italie est une reference mondiale dans le domaine de la conservation-restauration, cependant, elle n’a toujours pas adopté la conservation préventive de façon définitive. Cet essai tente d’examiner quelques raisons pouvant expliquer ce fait, dans l’espoir que ces informations pourront être utiles pour d’autres pays. Après un survol de l’histoire de la conservation préventive de l’Antiquité à la Seconde Guerre Mondiale, deux initiatives peu connues sont présentées, à savoir: la Commission Franceschini (1964 et le Plan pilote pour la conservation programmée des biens culturels en Ombrie (1976.

  11. Local community perceptions of conservation policy: rights ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    vation and development activities have been met with local ... renforcer les asymétries de pouvoir pré-existantes. ... seulement une petite partie des résidents locaux peuvent bénéfi- .... tourism, and to MICET (Madagascar Institut pour la Conservation ... cal communities within its conservation approach (MNP 2014), it.

  12. Charge conservation effects for high order fluctuations

    CERN Document Server

    Begun, Viktor

    2016-01-01

    The exact charge conservation significantly impacts multiplicity fluctuations. The result depends strongly on the part of the system charge carried by the particles of interest. Along with the expected suppression of fluctuations for large systems, charge conservation may lead to negative skewness or kurtosis for small systems.

  13. Scaling-up energy conservation initiatives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Doren, van D.; Giezen, M.; Driessen, P.P.J.; Runhaar, H.A.C.

    2016-01-01

    Energy conservation in residential and commercial buildings is considered a key challenge and opportunity for low-carbon urban development. In cities worldwide, energy conservation initiatives have been realized that demonstrate the social, financial, and environmental benefits that energy conser

  14. Integrated conservation of cultural built heritage

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nijkamp, Peter; Bizzarro, Francesca

    1996-01-01

    This paper will focus on integrated conservation of cultural built heritage starting from the analysis of related European policies in an economic perspective. Integrated conservation of cultural built heritage allows either a city or country to undertake socieconomic and cultural promotion and to i

  15. Energy conservation potential of surface modification technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Le, H.K.; Horne, D.M.; Silberglitt, R.S.

    1985-09-01

    This report assesses the energy conservation impact of surface modification technologies on the metalworking industries. The energy conservation impact of surface modification technologies on the metalworking industries is assessed by estimating their friction and wear tribological sinks and the subsequent reduction in these sinks when surface modified tools are used. Ion implantation, coatings, and laser and electron beam surface modifications are considered.

  16. Evolving conservation paradigms for the Anthropocene

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ariel E. Lugo

    2014-01-01

    The Anthropocene will have fundamental effects on the species composition, function, and structure of the ecosystems of the world. Land management agencies such as the USDA Forest Service will need to adapt their policies and conservation activities to avoid engaging in continuous conflict with natural processes and unfamiliar biotic assemblages. Conservation paradigms...

  17. Interference and the Law of Energy Conservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drosd, Robert; Minkin, Leonid; Shapovalov, Alexander S.

    2014-01-01

    Introductory physics textbooks consider interference to be a process of redistribution of energy from the wave sources in the surrounding space resulting in constructive and destructive interferences. As one can expect, the total energy flux is conserved. However, one case of apparent non-conservation energy attracts great attention. Imagine that…

  18. 24 CFR 200.78 - Energy conservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Energy conservation. 200.78 Section... Eligibility Requirements for Existing Projects Property Requirements § 200.78 Energy conservation. Construction, mechanical equipment, and energy and metering selections shall provide cost effective...

  19. 34 CFR 75.616 - Energy conservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Energy conservation. 75.616 Section 75.616 Education... Grantee? Construction § 75.616 Energy conservation. (a) To the extent feasible, a grantee shall design and construct facilities to maximize the efficient use of energy. (b) The following standards of the...

  20. Diffusion in Energy Conserving Coupled Maps

    CERN Document Server

    Bricmont, Jean

    2011-01-01

    We consider a dynamical system consisting of subsystems indexed by a lattice. Each subsystem has one conserved degree of freedom ("energy") the rest being uniformly hyperbolic. The subsystems are weakly coupled together so that the sum of the subsystem energies remains conserved. We prove that the subsystem energies satisfy the diffusion equation in a suitable scaling limit.

  1. 7 CFR 766.110 - Conservation Contract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Conservation Contract by the Conservation Contract review team: (1) Wetlands or highly erodible lands; and (2..., or wildlife habitat of local, State, tribal, or national importance; (ii) Land in 100-year..., regional, State, or tribal importance; (vi) Buffer areas necessary for the adequate protection of...

  2. Conservation Laws of Differential Equations in Finance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIN Mao-Chang; MEI Feng-Xiang; SHANG Mei

    2005-01-01

    Conservation laws of some differential equations in fiance are studied in this paper. This method does not involve the use or existence of a variational principle. As an alternative, linearize the given equation and find adjoint equation of the linearized equation, the conservation laws can be constructed directly from the symmetries and adjoint symmetries of the associated linearized equation and its adjoint equation.

  3. Conservation of wave action under multisymplectic discretizations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Frank, J.E.

    2006-01-01

    In this paper we discuss the conservation of wave action under numerical discretization by variational and multisymplectic methods. Both the abstract wave action conservation defined with respect to a smooth, periodic, one-parameter ensemble of flow realizations and the specific wave action based on

  4. Priority wetland invertebrates as conservation surrogates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ormerod, S J; Durance, Isabelle; Terrier, Aurelie; Swanson, Alisa M

    2010-04-01

    Invertebrates are important functionally in most ecosystems, but seldom appraised as surrogate indicators of biological diversity. Priority species might be good candidates; thus, here we evaluated whether three freshwater invertebrates listed in the U.K. Biodiversity Action Plan indicated the richness, composition, and conservation importance of associated wetland organisms as defined respectively by their alpha diversity, beta diversity, and threat status. Sites occupied by each of the gastropods Segmentina nitida, Anisus vorticulus, and Valvata macrostoma had greater species richness of gastropods and greater conservation importance than other sites. Each also characterized species assemblages associated with significant variations between locations in alpha or beta diversity among other mollusks and aquatic macrophytes. Because of their distinct resource requirements, conserving the three priority species extended the range of wetland types under management for nature conservation by 18% and the associated gastropod niche-space by around 33%. Although nonpriority species indicated variations in richness, composition, and conservation importance among other organisms as effectively as priority species, none characterized such a wide range of high-quality wetland types. We conclude that priority invertebrates are no more effective than nonpriority species as indicators of alpha and beta diversity or conservation importance among associated organisms. Nevertheless, conserving priority species can extend the array of distinct environments that are protected for their specialized biodiversity and environmental quality. We suggest that this is a key role for priority species and conservation surrogates more generally, and, on our evidence, can best be delivered through multiple species with contrasting habitat requirements.

  5. Adoption of Energy Conservation among California Homeowners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonard-Barton, Dorothy; Rogers, Everett M.

    In spring 1977, just as California was emerging from one of the worst droughts in its history, 215 Palo Alto homeowners were interviewed about their views on energy and water conservation, and about the extent to which they had adopted 11 energy-conserving practices (ECP) in the home. The objective was to discover variables both important to…

  6. Conservative discretization of the Landau collision integral

    CERN Document Server

    Hirvijoki, Eero

    2016-01-01

    We describe a density, momentum, and energy conserving discretization of the nonlinear Landau collision integral. Our algorithm is suitable for both the finite-element and discontinuous Galerkin methods and does not require structured meshes. The conservation laws for the discretization are proven algebraically and demonstrated numerically for an axially symmetric nonlinear relaxation problem.

  7. Approved Practices in Soil Conservation. Fifth Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosworth, Duane A.; Foster, Albert B.

    This book is designed for individuals who want to apply conservation practices either without or with minimal technical assistance. These individuals include students who want to practice soil/water conservation with some instructor guidance and others who want to apply the principles in their own way, to their own conditions, and within their own…

  8. The Soil Conservation District Movement in Tennessee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathews, Thomas Cochran; And Others

    The development of soil conservation districts in Tennessee is the subject of this graduate study. Related literature, existing records, and personal interviews are used to record progress since Tennessee adopted Public Law 46 establishing soil conservation districts in 1939. In 1959 all 95 counties of Tennessee had organized soil conservation…

  9. Wilderness biology and conservation: future directions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed F. Noss

    2000-01-01

    The new conservation movement—uniting scientists and activists—seeks to relook at the role of protected land. The result is a redefining of terms, the encompassing of the concept of ecosystems, incorporating both scientific and nonscientific approaches to conservation, and reconsidering management. This philosophical essay speculates on the future of wilderness and...

  10. A glossary for avian conservation biology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rolf R. Koford; John B. Dunning; Christine A. Ribic; Deborah M. Finch

    1994-01-01

    This glossary provides standard definitions for many of the terms used in avian conservation biology. We compiled these definitions to assist communication among researchers, managers, and others involved in the Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Program, also known as Partners in Flight. We used existing glossaries and recent literature to prepare this glossary....

  11. Conservation and development 2.0

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Büscher, Bram

    2016-01-01

    An increasing amount of interactive '2.0' crowdsourcing platforms raise awareness and funds for conservation and development projects worldwide. By enabling two-way online collaboration and communication, these 'conservation and development 2.0' platforms hoped to provide new impetus and popular

  12. Integrated conservation of cultural built heritage

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nijkamp, Peter; Bizzarro, Francesca

    1996-01-01

    This paper will focus on integrated conservation of cultural built heritage starting from the analysis of related European policies in an economic perspective. Integrated conservation of cultural built heritage allows either a city or country to undertake socieconomic and cultural promotion and to

  13. 75 FR 80292 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Electric Motors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-22

    ... Part 431 RIN 1904-AB71 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Electric Motors..., promulgating energy conservation standards for certain electric motors as prescribed in the Energy Policy and... motors that, due to a drafting error, are not consistent with statutory requirements. DATES:...

  14. Planning for land use and conservation: Assessing GIS-based conservation software for land use planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rob Baldwin; Ryan Scherzinger; Don Lipscomb; Miranda Mockrin; Susan Stein

    2014-01-01

    Recent advances in planning and ecological software make it possible to conduct highly technical analyses to prioritize conservation investments and inform local land use planning. We review these tools, termed conservation planning tools, and assess the knowledge of a key set of potential users: the land use planning community. We grouped several conservation software...

  15. Promoting Conservation Tourism: The Case of the African Wildlife Foundation's Tourism Conservation Enterprises in Kenya

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijk, van J.J.; Lamers, M.A.J.; Duim, van der V.R.

    2015-01-01

    This chapter examines the organizational form of tourism conservation enterprises, which has been developed and promoted by the African Wildlife Foundation (AWF) since the late 1990s. By deploying commercial tourism as a mechanism to attain conservation and livelihood goals, tourism conservation ent

  16. 77 FR 59712 - Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Dishwashers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    ... Parts 429 and 430 RIN 1904-AC64 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for...) published a direct final rule to establish amended energy conservation standards for dishwashers in the... direct final rule. Therefore, DOE provides this document confirming adoption of the energy...

  17. 75 FR 12144 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-15

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Part 430 RIN 1904-AC06 Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Furnaces AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy... the product classes that DOE plans to analyze for purposes of amending energy conservation...

  18. 78 FR 77607 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-24

    ... Parts 429 and 430 RIN 1904-AC22 Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation... January 23, 2014. ADDRESSES: Any comments submitted must identify the NOPR for Energy Conservation... (78 FR 64067) to make available and invite comments on the proposed rule regarding energy...

  19. 75 FR 19296 - Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures and Energy Conservation Standards for Residential...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-14

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Part 430 RIN 1904-AB89; 1904-AC06 Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures and Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Furnaces and Boilers AGENCY: Office of Energy... the energy conservation standards notice of public meeting (NOPM) and availability of a...

  20. 78 FR 25626 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Ceiling Fans...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Part 430 RIN 1904-AC87 Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards... and invite comments on the Framework Document regarding energy conservation standards for...