WorldWideScience

Sample records for countryside access

  1. At Home in the Countryside

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Steenbekkers; C. Simon; V. Veldheer

    2006-01-01

    Original title: Thuis op het platteland. The Dutch countryside is changing. The decline of farming and the changing use of space are closely monitored in research and by the media. But what about the people who actually live and work in the countryside? This report focuses on the lives of people li

  2. The Shareable Countryside

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gyimóthy, Szilvia; Meged, Jane Widtfeldt

    for authentic local experiences and being citizen-consumers) (Stokes et al. 2014). However, there is a certain romanticisation about ‘village-building’ and unmediated encounters between locals and tourists, and the dispersion of sharing economy businesses is spatially uneven. The density of shared accommodation......This paper aims at substantiating and problematizing communitarian business models in a rural tourism context. It is claimed that the collaborative economy yields resilient communities, revitalizes neighbourhoods and reconfigurates the beaten track (addressing the new tourist preferences......), exemplified through global concepts like AirBnB, Dinnersharing and Vayable, but there is not one single mention of the Shareable Countryside. In order to understand the mechanisms behind the spreading and uptake of the collaborative economy, this paper will map its driving and deterring forces in a Danish...

  3. Property development in the countryside

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Esben Munk; Mouritsen, Anne Kristine Munk; Staunstrup, Jan K.

    2004-01-01

    of housing and trade, industry different from agriculture. This integrated urbanization and industrialization of rural areas is a new challenge for chartered surveyors in Denmark. The surveying profession and their capacity of advisory to the owners of holdings in the countryside play a central role...

  4. Marxism, Countryside and Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Bezerra Neto

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The struggle of the peasant for access to land is known to us, however, in this work we are willing to reflect on the historical process that culminated in this situation, from Marxist readings. Thus, the list just Marxism, and education as ideological apparatus in favor of the capitalist state. Here we discuss the process of primitive accumulation, which drove the field’s man forced to sell their labor power in large industrial cities, leading to a new social order imposed by capital. To maintain this order, the bourgeoisie has launched and resorting to various tricks, including laws, which prevented during the period of primitive accumulation, the return to the field, labor laws, which have been modified and has been throughout history and remain in force and education, that figure, so far as the state ideological apparatus that causes individuals to see their integration into the process of capitalist exploitation as something natural.

  5. Variables disclosing the processes of transformation of the countryside: the case of the Espirito Santo - Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Ferraz do Nascimento

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyze the occurrence of changes in the countryside, in Brazil, from the observation of variables such as type of job, income, family profile, access to consumer goods, services, and information and communication technology. There had been used exploratory analysis and logistic regression method, based on data from the Pesquisa Nacional de Amostra de Domicílios (Brazilian National Household Sample Survey - PNAD for the state of Espirito Santo. The study found that about 27.2% of individuals who had lived in the countryside report an urban profile, revealing that the urban lifestyle is encompassed not only in the city

  6. Analysis on New Paradigms of Informatization in the Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fei; XUE; Lina; WANG

    2014-01-01

    Through the analyses of several typical paradigms of informatization in the countryside,the status of informatization in the countryside and some unresolved issues were studied. A new way was proposed to develop rural information with embedded mobile phone terminal,and to explore an inexpensive and efficient information services paradigm for the future development in the countryside.

  7. Town and countryside in a Dutch perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kooij, P.

    2010-01-01

    Op 1 februari 2010 nam prof. dr. Pim Kooij afscheid als hoogleraar van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. Voor deze gelegenheid stelde hij het boek Town and countryside in a Dutch perspective samen, dat in de Historia Agriculturae reeks verscheen. Het bevat onder meer zijn afscheidsrede 'The Tiger and

  8. COUNTRYSIDE EDUCATION AND MATHEMATICS EDUCATION: POSSIBLES INTERLACING

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    Claudia Glavam Duarte

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This essay reflects on the favorable conditions that are offered by the Countryside Education on the ethnomathematics experiences. The principles that underlie such education combined with its organization of time and space - Pedagogy of Alternation - are a very favorable ground for the investigation of different mathematical rationalities. It is in view of this discussion that this article intends to put up scoring two surveys conducted by students from the Bachelor of Countryside Education of the Federal University of Santa Catarina. The first seeks to give visibility to mathematical knowledge favored by the fishermen of Ibiraquera, region of Imbituba / SC, and the second presents the mathematical rationality of a "quilombola" weaver belonging to the "Invernada dos Negros", community located in Campos Novos / SC.

  9. The Work of Instructors for New Socialist Countryside Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin ZENG; Shunsheng LU; Lamei YANG; Chaozhong ZHANG; Yunfei SONG; Yan LIU; Zhengyin WU; Jiajin TAO; Guixian WU

    2016-01-01

    To meet the wishes and demands of the majority of farmers,it is necessary to steadily build a new socialist countryside,and actively promote urban-rural integration. With the guidance for new countryside construction as an opportunity,this paper studies and explores the working practice of new countryside construction instructors sent by Longyang Agricultural Technique Extension Station for various village committees( or offices) during 2007- 2013. This paper analyzes and summarizes the results achieved and the main problems,and puts forth the corresponding recommendations. The results of the analysis can provide a reference for the instructors to carry out the guiding work for new countryside construction.

  10. Countryside biogeography of Neotropical reptiles and amphibians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendenhall, Chase D; Frishkoff, Luke O; Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Pacheco, Jesús; Mesfun, Eyobed; Mendoza Quijano, Fernando; Ehrlich, Paul R; Ceballos, Gerardo; Daily, Gretchen C; Pringle, Robert M

    2014-04-01

    The future of biodiversity and ecosystem services depends largely on the capacity of human-dominated ecosystems to support them, yet this capacity remains largely unknown. Using the framework of countryside biogeography, and working in the Las Cruces system of Coto Brus, Costa Rica, we assessed reptile and amphibian assemblages within four habitats that typify much of the Neotropics: sun coffee plantations (12 sites), pasture (12 sites), remnant forest elements (12 sites), and a larger, contiguous protected forest (3 sites in one forest). Through analysis of 1678 captures of 67 species, we draw four primary conclusions. First, we found that the majority of reptile (60%) and amphibian (70%) species in this study used an array of habitat types, including coffee plantations and actively grazed pastures. Second, we found that coffee plantations and pastures hosted rich, albeit different and less dense, reptile and amphibian biodiversity relative to the 326-ha Las Cruces Forest Reserve and neighboring forest elements. Third, we found that the small ribbons of "countryside forest elements" weaving through farmland collectively increased the effective size of a 326-ha local forest reserve 16-fold for reptiles and 14-fold for amphibians within our 236-km2 study area. Therefore, countryside forest elements, often too small for most remote sensing techniques to identify, are contributing -95% of the available habitat for forest-dependent reptiles and amphibians in our largely human-dominated study region. Fourth, we found large and pond-reproducing amphibians to prefer human-made habitats, whereas small, stream-reproducing, and directly developing species are more dependent on forest elements. Our investigation demonstrates that tropical farming landscapes can support substantial reptile and amphibian biodiversity. Our approach provides a framework for estimating the conservation value of the complex working landscapes that constitute roughly half of the global land surface

  11. Analysis on Family Factor in Construction of New Socialist Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyzes the family factor in the construction of new socialist countryside. It is believed that the family plays both the positive role and negative role in new socialist countryside construction. Based on this analysis,it puts forward corresponding countermeasures,including bringing into play the effect of family in promoting production and carrying forward excellent factors of family culture.

  12. Challenges and Countermeasures for Beautiful Countryside Construction in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LIU Yan-sui

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The 18th National Congress of Communist Party of China proposed the goal of building a beautiful China. The key points and difficulties of beautiful China construction lie in countryside. Beautiful countryside construction is an important integral part of the beauty of China. Under the background of rapid urbanization, industrialization and rural transformative development, beautiful countryside construction has a vital practical significance for renovating hollowed villages, improving rural living environment, reconstructing rural space and narrowing rural-urban income gap as well as promoting rural-urban integrated development. However, the construction of China's beautiful countryside is facing many challenges, i.e., population emigration, employment, land use, resource consumption and environmental governance. In this study, the strategies and outlets to solve the beautiful countryside construction problems were put forward based on the objective analysis of challenges and plights faced by beautiful countryside construction. It would provide a theoretical basis for exploring the geographical patterns of rebalancing the man-land relationship from uncoordinated mode. These findings would also provide a scientific decision support for constructing beautiful countryside construction in new period.

  13. Application of GIS in New Socialist Countryside Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shunxi; YAN; Yonglu; YAN; Xiaolei; WANG

    2013-01-01

    Survey and research of new socialist countryside construction in Hebei Province are favorable for determining approaches and construction mode of new socialist countryside in other areas,and favorable for advancing the urban and rural integration in Hebei Province. With the aid of GIS technology,it is able to create spatial information database,correlate with rural statistical data and spatial information. Then,in the form of thematic map,it can visually indicate current situations of rural economy,and existing problems of development. Finally,it is expected to promote rural information construction and guide new countryside planning,to facilitate inquiry and search of information,and to provide supporting decisions for new socialist countryside construction.

  14. Contrasting effects of visiting urban green-space and the countryside on biodiversity knowledge and conservation support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coldwell, Deborah F; Evans, Karl L

    2017-01-01

    Conservation policy frequently assumes that increasing people's exposure to green-space enhances their knowledge of the natural world and desire to protect it. Urban development is, however, considered to be driving declining connectedness to nature. Despite this the evidence base supporting the assumption that visiting green-spaces promotes biodiversity knowledge and conservation support, and the impacts of urbanization on these relationships, is surprisingly limited. Using data from door-to-door surveys of nearly 300 residents in three pairs of small and large urban areas in England we demonstrate that people who visit green-space more regularly have higher biodiversity knowledge and support for conservation (measured using scales of pro-environmental behavior). Crucially these relationships only arise when considering visits to the countryside and not the frequency of visits to urban green-space. These patterns are robust to a suite of confounding variables including nature orientated motivations for visiting green-space, socio-economic and demographic factors, garden-use and engagement with natural history programs. Despite this the correlations that we uncover cannot unambiguously demonstrate that visiting the countryside improves biodiversity knowledge and conservation support. We consider it likely, however, that two mechanisms operate through a positive feedback loop i.e. increased visits to green-space promote an interest in and knowledge of biodiversity and support for conservation, which in turn further increase the desire to visit green-space and experience nature. The intensity of urbanization around peoples' homes, but not city size, is negatively associated with their frequency of countryside visits and biodiversity knowledge. Designing less intensely urbanized cities with good access to the countryside, combined with conservation policies that promote access to the countryside thus seems likely to maximize urban residents' biodiversity knowledge and

  15. Theoretical Framework and Model Design for Beautiful Countryside Construction in China

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    ZHENG Xiang-qun

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In the context of China today, the process of beautiful countryside construction mainly imitates the patterns of‘urbanization’construction. However, this approach leads to the loss of countryside characteristics and the separation of agricultural culture. Therefore, it's urgent to carry out research of the theoretical framework and model design for beautiful countryside construction. In this paper, based on the analysis of the beautiful countryside construction connotation, the basic theory of beautiful countryside construction was summarized in three aspects: rural complex ecosystem model, multi-functionality of rural model and sustainable development evaluation model. The basic idea of the beautiful countryside construction mode was studied. The design method of beautiful countryside construction mode was proposed in three levels: planning, scheming and evaluating. The research results might offer scientific reference for improving the scientific and operational nature of beautiful countryside construction.

  16. Puzzle and Innovation: Thoughts over New Countryside Planning in New Era

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Based on the changes of background of current new countryside planning, this paper points out that the new countryside planning is faced with two problems: the obscure planning guiding ideology and the slow implementation process. Combined with the new countryside planning practices of the author, it states that the new countryside planning should be innovated from the aspects of planning guiding ideology, implementation institution, ways of expression, and so on.

  17. ORGANIZATIONAL AND LEGAL RESEARCH OF INDICATORS OF INCIDENCE AND PREVALENCE OF DIABETES MELLITUS IN COUNTRYSIDE AREAS

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    Zbrozhek SI

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. For recent decades in Ukraine populations’ health indicators became quite serious negative trends: increased mortality rates among people of working age, morbidity, reduced life expectancy and more. It should also be noted that one of the main indicators of the state, its civilization and competitiveness is the degree of orientation of the state to improve the health of citizens, legal and organizational improvement of the healthcare sector. The financial and economic crisis has significantly exacerbated the problems associated with the provision of medical care in Ukraine, ensuring its availability and good quality. The current healthcare system is fair and complaints from the public, and the medical staff, it is still not able to adequately meet the needs of the population in healthcare, to ensure the availability, quality and timeliness of health services, adequate prevention of morbidity, mortality and more. The need for healthcare reform emphasizes the failure to ensure the proper conditions existing in state funding and to implement effective schemes for full competition in the healthcare and pharmaceutical provision in countryside areas is therefore, in Ukraine implemented new organizational and legal approaches in reforming the health service. That is why in Ukraine implementing processes that are transparent, will reduce unnecessary costs for public administration and improve accessibility of the medications in countryside areas of different clinical and pharmacological, classification, nomenclature, legal and regulatory groups used in the pharmacotherapy of diabetes mellitus. Materials and methods. The organizational and legal, forensic and pharmaceutical researches were conducted in countryside areas at the regional level on example of the Kharkiv region on the basis of 62 public healthcare institutions, 16 public enterprises of healthcare and health companies of other ownership. Materials of the research were: the

  18. Socialist Consciousness Raising and Cuba's School to the Countryside Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blum, Denise

    2008-01-01

    As a participant-observer, the author relates observations, interviews, and surveys from her experience in a Cuban Escuela al Campo ("School to the Countryside," or EAC) camp located on a collective farm outside of the city of Havana. The Pioneers, the youth section of the official Cuban Communist Party, organize the EAC program…

  19. Socialist Consciousness Raising and Cuba's School to the Countryside Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blum, Denise

    2008-01-01

    As a participant-observer, the author relates observations, interviews, and surveys from her experience in a Cuban Escuela al Campo ("School to the Countryside," or EAC) camp located on a collective farm outside of the city of Havana. The Pioneers, the youth section of the official Cuban Communist Party, organize the EAC program…

  20. Interpretation of the Construction of Socialist New Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Several old problems in the new countryside construction at present are analyzed.For instance the land transfer mechanism is not flexible,land problems have restricted the development of agricultural industrialization;farmers still have serious problems in income increase and lack the rational investment and consumption awareness;farmers receive low level of education and their cultural qualities are general poor;for a long time,legalization and democratization process of rural grass-roots organizations has been lagged behind.Causations for problems in the new countryside construction are various,such as lacking the subject consciousness,a long-term mechanism,industrial support and capital input.Finally,several new ideas about the construction of socialist new countryside are put forward,including speeding up the development of modern agriculture and doing everything possible to increase the income of farmers;paying attention to the development of civilized villages and towns and doing everything possible to enrich the knowledge of farmers;accelerating the establishment of long-term mechanism and gathering the ideas of farmers to the maximum extent;fully integrating project funds and constructing the socialist new countryside.

  1. Socialist Consciousness Raising and Cuba's School to the Countryside Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blum, Denise

    2008-01-01

    As a participant-observer, the author relates observations, interviews, and surveys from her experience in a Cuban Escuela al Campo ("School to the Countryside," or EAC) camp located on a collective farm outside of the city of Havana. The Pioneers, the youth section of the official Cuban Communist Party, organize the EAC program nationwide. The…

  2. To Construct the New Socialist Countryside: Chinese Government Is Meeting Challenge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ The Fourth Session of the National People's Congress ended on March 14 put forward the concept of Constructing the New Socialist Countryside.What is the New Socialist Countryside? It is very hard to give a perfect answer with few words, because China's countryside is so large, the rural population is a big number: more than 800 million, taking 64% of the total population, and the countryside situation is very complicated. To realize a New Socialist Countryside, comprehensively improve the living standard, education standard and the medical service standard of the 800 million people, it is a challenge for the Chinese Government!

  3. Land Credit Cooperatives Help Construction of New Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨扬

    2007-01-01

    This article introduces the experience of Pingluo County of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, where "land credit cooperatives" have thrived. Based on a survey of the background, function, business scope, structure, supportive policy and the performance of "land credit cooperatives", the author believes that the essence of the cooperative is a "land joint-stock cooperation organization" whose experience may be of particular relevance to the building of a "new socialist countryside".

  4. Thinking on Beautiful Countryside Construction Based on Land Consolidation in Hefei City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei; WANG; Zhongxiang; YU

    2013-01-01

    This paper stated the background under which beautiful countryside construction was proposed;reviewed the new countryside construction profile of Hefei City before beautiful countryside construction was proposed;analyzed the practices of beautiful countryside construction of Hefei City from the perspective of the land consolidation when considering the development of new-type urbanization conjunctively;then,on the basis of the analysis,it proposed a consideration that the land consolidation and beautiful countryside construction practices of Hefei City should be used for reference,that is to say,the city should focus on beautiful countryside construction planning and comprehensively promote the land consolidation.And it also indicated that there were three kinds of relations needed to be treated well and"five combinations"needed to be done well in land consolidation.

  5. Study on New Socialist Countryside Construction from the Perspective of Humanism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GE Tian-bo; ZHANG Ze-yi

    2012-01-01

    On the basis of research data of many scholars,we analyzed implication of new countryside and the construction of new socialist countryside.The new socialist countryside construction is a systematic project,involving rural political,economic,cultural,scientific and technological,sanitation,social security,ecological environment,and people’s livelihood.We discussed successful experience of new socialist countryside construction,and presented relevant construction models,namely different models of eastern developed regions and central and western less developed regions.Finally,we put forward countermeasures for new socialist countryside construction,including ensuring implementation of planning for new socialist countryside construction and improving livelihood of rural people and supply of public goods.

  6. Rural Urbanism? About urbanits moving to the countryside

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Neergaard, Maja Louise Stiegnitz de

    I whish to present a part of the analytical framework for the empirical studies of my Ph.D. project titled: Rural Urbanism? A qualitative study of the everyday lives, mobility patterns and practiced constructions of place and nature, that are characteristic of urbanites moving to the countryside...... tempo, inside and outside, movement and fixity, work and leisure etc. One of the objectives is to consider if the narratives and rhythmanalyses somehow reflect any related matters of lifestyle, and whether there are specific characteristics distinguishing certain rural rhythms....

  7. Demographic and labor market in the Chilean countryside Transformations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos René Rodríguez Garcés

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Based on the information provided by the National Socioeconomic Survey of 1990 and 2013, the Chilean countryside reconfigurations are analyzed in terms of their demographic trends and labor market restructuring. A continuous process of depopulation and aging of the rural population is demographically notes. The agricultural activities of the rural labor market charge less important in terms of jobs and income, showing a strong process and favoring deagrarianisation positioning services area. Finally, a growing number of households that hold informal consensual unions and a greater presence of single-parent households, mainly consisting of female-headed households is observed.

  8. The countryside and origins of China’s reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王郁昭

    2009-01-01

    China’s 30 years of reform have achieved tremendous success and a transformation of the country.Amazingly,however,this grand endeavor began in an anonymous rural village in which the f irst breakthroughs were made.How did China’s reform begin in the countryside? Why were the initial breakthroughs made there? What is its significance? This article elaborates on these questions,urging that we should carry out a scientific outlook on development in the spirit of the 17th Party Congress,and steadfastly deepen the rural reform of rural.Research into these issues will help us gain a deeper understanding of the rural reform.

  9. The Movement of Going to the Mountain Areas and the Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    In December 1968, Mao Zedong, then leader of China, gave a directive that it is necessary for "educated youth" in cities to work in the countryside. Since then, a large-scale movement of students going to the mountain areas and the countryside had been carried out throughout the country. In more than 10 years, around 17 million

  10. Recommendations and Countermeasures for Building Beautiful Countryside in Jiangsu Province in the New Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yongxiang; GUAN; Yonghong; LIANG; Hao; WU; Zichen; WANG

    2014-01-01

    This paper firstly introduced overall condition of agricultural and rural economic development in Jiangsu Province,and analyzed restrictive factors and bottleneck in the process of new socialist countryside construction from policy,fund and understanding. There are many problems in the process of new socialist countryside construction,including no supply and management system for rural public service products,no agricultural ecological compensation mechanism,increasingly prominent rural hollowing and decline of passing on economic culture,lack of funds and technologies for new socialist countryside construction,and inadequate understanding of new socialist countryside construction. In line with these problems,it came up with recommendations and countermeasures for beautiful countryside construction in Jiangsu Province in the new period from government guidance,plan leading,industrial support,environmental improvement,innovation management and cultural cultivation.

  11. Development of disadvantaged position of the farmer in the construction of the new socialist countryside in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Though the farmer is the group with the biggest population in China, they are a disadvantaged group. In the construction of new socialist countryside in China, there are also causes for the disadvantaged group status, which are embodied in many aspects. The status is the important root of many problems of agriculture and countryside in China. Changing the farmers' status of the disadvantaged group is the key to constructing the new socialist countryside, deepening the reform in the countryside and realizing the benign social and economic development in the countryside in China.

  12. Race, Class, Gender and Countryside. Feminist Epistemologies of the Margin

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    Monika Borys

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In my article I am trying to explore ways in which Polish feminismcan expand its knowledge about woman living in the countryside. To this purposeI recall theories from black feminist thought and postcolonial studies which helpto enrich subaltern epistemologies. To renegotiate regimes of visibility, which limitour imagination, I use these theories to analyze pop culture representations of rurality(documentary Warszawa do wzięcia and docusoap Chłopaki do wzięcia. Referring tobell hooks’ theory of the margin and to postcolonial writings of Gayatri ChakravortySpivak and Donna Haraway’s concept of situated knowledges, which all helpto develop our knowledge about different kinds of oppression and their intersectionality,I want to draw attention to these dimensions of sexism which don’t fit intorigid categories of “problems faced by woman from big cities”.

  13. Rural Infrastructure Construction in New Socialist Countryside Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    In the background of new socialist countryside construction,rural infrastructure construction is favorable to consolidating fundamental position of agriculture,expanding rural job opportunities,increasing farmers’ income,and favorable to development of rural economy and the national economy. Rural infrastructure construction mainly includes construction of agricultural basic production conditions,construction of rural ecological environment,construction of agricultural service system,and construction of rural living facilities. Finally,we put forward approaches and methods for strengthening rural infrastructure construction: firstly,increase fund input to provide financial support for rural infrastructure construction; second ly,make scientific village planning to ensure sustainability of rural infrastructure construction; thirdly,arouse farmers’ enthusiasm and initiative to promote stable development of rural infrastructure construction.

  14. ECONOMIC SUBSTANTIATION OF REAL INVESTMENTS IN CONSTRUCTION OF OBJECTS OF SPHERE OF SERVICES IN A COUNTRYSIDE

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    J. V. Belozertseva

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of opportunities of construction of the enterprises of sphere of services in a countryside in Southern Dagestan is lead. Features and requirements to designing the enterprises of sphere of services in a countryside are considered {examined}. The four-stage concentric model of rational territorial accommodation of the enterprises of sphere of services and the author's approach to an estimation of efficiency of investment civil-engineering designs of objects of sphere of services in a countryside are offered.

  15. Boosting Development of New Countryside Based on Construction of Small Towns

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>1. Existing problems of rural construction1.1 Current problems in village construction Countryside, in contrast to city, is a general concept of social region that describes the human settlements of different scales

  16. Bottleneck of Farmers’ Quality in New Socialist Countryside Construction and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    We analyzed problems of farmers’ quality in the new socialist countryside construction,including low educational level,poor specialized skills,and low ideological and ethical quality.These problems become bottleneck of the socialist countryside construction.In view of these problems,we put forward following countermeasures:speeding up urbanization development,consolidating rural basic education,strengthening rural vocational education,and developing new approaches to improve farmers’ ideological and ethical quality.

  17. Design and Building of the New Countryside Construction Database Based on ArcSDE and SQL Server

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hongji; ZHANG; Xuping; LI; Yong; LUO; Lianze; TENG; Aiqun; DAI

    2013-01-01

    Building the new countryside construction database plays an important role in improving the construction efficiency,and enhancing the level of major project management.On the basis of detailed analysis of features of the new countryside construction data,we give an overview of the database design based on ArcSDE and SQL Server,and elaborate the association between data classification organization,database conceptual design,logical design,spatial data,and thematic attribute data.Finally,taking the provincial new countryside demonstration zone in Yanjiang District of Sichuan Province for example,we build the new countryside construction database.

  18. Making sense of unfamiliar risks in the countryside: the case of Lyme disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcu, Afrodita; Uzzell, David; Barnett, Julie

    2011-05-01

    The focus of this paper is on how popular representations of the countryside provide countryside users with a discursive framework to make sense of unfamiliar countryside-based risks, taking Lyme disease as an example. Sixty-six semi-structured interviews were conducted with 82 visitors in Richmond Park, New Forest, and Exmoor National Park in the UK. The data were analysed using thematic analysis and was informed by social representations theory. The analysis indicated that a lay understanding of the risk of Lyme disease was filtered by place-attachment and the social representations of the countryside. Lyme disease was not understood primarily as a risk to health, but was instead constructed as a risk to the social and restorative practices in the context of the countryside. The findings suggest that advice about zoonoses such as Lyme disease is unlikely to cause panic, and that it should focus on the least intrusive preventative measures. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. CONSIDERING THE APPEARANCES OF COUNTRYSIDE – CITY DISTINCTION IN THE CASE OF HAVSA

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    Hakan YAŞ

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available There are certain appearances put forth that urban life is distinct from rural life. Some of these distinctions are disparities in income level, household population, status of ownership and vocation professed. The distinctions between countryside and city has become more apparent in historical process. In this paper the rural and urban area of the Havsa District of Edirne are contrasted. Center of Havsa District is taken as the city, while the villages are taken as countryside. Initially, the commonly held features of the distinction between countryside and city have been dealt by taking the historical process into consideration. Then, these features have been compared with the results of survey study conducted. In this context, the aim of this paper is to examine the determiners of the distinction between countryside and city in the case of Havsa. Through the comparison, it is tried to figure out whether the appearances of the distinctions between countryside and city is observed in Havsa. Separate from the most studies in the literature, in this study, the distinction is also compared in terms of the expectations of the public.

  20. Research on the Appraisal System of County Innovation in New Countryside Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Li

    2009-01-01

    Aiming at the target of enhancing agricultural competitive power and maintaining the sustainable countryside development, "the three dimensional innovation", namely the system innovation, the organization innovation, and the service innovation, is the basic way to raise the efficiency of productive factors, optimize the organizational structure and enhance the farmers' own organizational ability, thus it becomes an important proposition in the fundamental research and practice of China new countryside construction. Through the reorganization and analyses of the domestic academic achievements, this article chose "the county innovation in China new countryside construction" as the first level index, and "the three dimensional innovation" as the second level index. Totally four levels of indices, namely the strategy level, the mechanism level, the carrier level and the comment level, were introduced to construct the county innovation appraisal system. The further adjustment and supplement of the indices and the choices of computational method must be completed through spot investigation and case study.

  1. Study on the problem-oriented collaborative strategy mechanism for local construction of northeast countryside

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaoyang, Sun; Xin, Sui; Mo, Li

    2017-04-01

    Under the background of starting the new round of the revitalization of the northeast economy in China, there is a pressing need to set up new idea of the development of the innovative urban - rural integration. Regarding the form of the collaborative construction in the practice of rural construction in recent years as cutting point, through the internal order analysis, seeking problems, classification and analysis of the basic investigation data of typical villages in the countryside of the Northeast and oriented by the problems, the paper presents the applicable and feasible construction strategies suitable for the development of countryside step by step, so as to establish the collaborative mechanism of “up-down collaboration, internal-external coupling, extensive participation, rooting in rural areas and perpetual development”, which aims at providing the rule, method and idea with universal significance for the overall revitalization of the northeast countryside.

  2. On the Development of Animal Husbandry under New Socialist Countryside Construction of Western China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhongming; SHEN

    2015-01-01

    The new socialist countryside construction can not do without bringing into full play superior industries. Developing animal husbandry is a key measure for increasing farmers’ income. Since western China has advantages in region,resource,social culture,and domestic and foreign market potential,the new socialist countryside construction in western China should energetically develop animal husbandry and promote the new socialist countryside construction with the aid of animal husbandry. For developing the animal husbandry,western China can exploit and consolidate market,integrate resources of animal husbandry,well develop four aspects of construction( information service,scientific and technological service,market system,and safety of livestock products),and realize precise market-oriented,ecology-oriented,and modernized development of animal husbandry in western China.

  3. Grey Connection Analysis on Countryside Society & Economy Sustainable Development Based-on Per Capita Net Income of Peasants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Jian-zhong; LIN Jian-bing

    2002-01-01

    In this paper, the authors research sustainable development of countryside's society economy in Fujian Province of China by Grey connection analysis. The authors also discuss the effect of society and resource & ecology environment on per capita net income of peasants, and research the mechanism of sustainable development of countryside's society economy, and raise some countermeasure and measure.

  4. Overview of Researches on Rural Industrial Development in China’s New Socialist Countryside Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PENG Jie-wu

    2012-01-01

    From the perspective of rural industrial development, this paper summed up representative research results of China’s new countryside construction, including approval of criteria for classification of rural industrial structure, definition and scope of rural industrial development, introduction and application of industrial development theory, existing problems, causes and countermeasures of three times of industrial development in rural areas, and experience of foreign rural industrial development model. Among these researches, most researches are general and narrow about achievements in rural industrial development, while the causes are little touched upon. In future, it is expected that the research on rural industrial development in new socialist countryside construction will be deepened and specified.

  5. Curriculum for a Poor Country: High Schools in the Cuban Countryside

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro, Fidel

    1976-01-01

    Excerpts of this speech highlights that the schools in the countryside provide a real opportunity for educating individuals by combining education and work; schools being based on concept that education and the training of an individual are closely related to productive work. (Author/AM)

  6. Plurality and Rurality; The role of the countryside in urbanised regions, volume 1

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hillebrand, H.; Goetgeluk, R.; Hetsen, H.

    2000-01-01

    From November 11 till November 14, 1998, an EAAE seminar (the 60 th ) was held in Berg en Dal in the Netherlands. The theme of the seminar was the role of the countryside in urbanised regions. This book contains most of the papers presented there. The main conclusion is that the problem of rural reg

  7. Plurality and Rurality: the role of the countryside in urbanised regions, volume 2

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hillebrand, H.; Goetgeluk, R.; Hetsen, H.

    2000-01-01

    From November 11 till November 14, 1998, an EAAE seminar (the 60 th ) was held in Berg en Dal in the Netherlands. The theme of the seminar was the role of the countryside in urbanised regions. This book contains most of the papers presented there. The main conclusion is that the problem of rural reg

  8. Building a New Countryside: a Long-term Task in China’s Modernization Drive

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩俊

    2007-01-01

    This article discusses the achievements and major changes in China’s rural development, elaborates on the prominent problems related to agriculture, rural areas and farmers in China, and discusses some key policy issues concerning the building of a new socialist countryside, especially from the perspective of balancing urban and rural development. The underlying viewpoint of this article is that to promote the building of a new countryside, a system and mechanism of balancing urban and rural development must be gradually established and improved. The policies should focus on improving the social mobility mechanism to remove the institutional barriers to the social mobility of farmers; establishing public finances to cover both urban and rural areas to narrow the gap in basic public service provision between cities and the countryside; expediting the establishment of a social security network to protect the interests of rural disadvantaged groups; improving the mechanism of protecting land-use rights and interests of farmers; effectively organizing the mechanism of ensuring allocations for the building of a new countryside; improving the organizational structure of rural society to support self-organized farmers’ groups; and changing the concept of rural governance and the operation of social governance.

  9. Gentrification and Neo-Rural Populations in the Quebec Countryside: Representations of Various Actors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guimond, Laurie; Simard, Myriam

    2010-01-01

    Rural gentrification, which is linked in particular to the migration and permanent settlement in the countryside of middle-class or affluent urbanites, is increasingly affecting contemporary rural communities. Despite the significance of this trend, the complex and many-sided phenomenon of rural gentrification has hardly been explored in scholarly…

  10. Direct Investment in the Countryside and the Problem of Raising Farmers' Incomes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiChangying

    2005-01-01

    In combination with other policies, encouraging direct investment in the countryside and in agriculture would be one of the most effective measures to increase farmers' employment rates, raise their household income, realize the transfer of the surplus rural labor force, upgrade the quality of farming yield and advance sustainable development in the national economy.

  11. Enlarging of scale in dairy farming: Consequences for farm-bound traffic flows in the countryside

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jaarsma, C.F.; Hermans, C.M.L.; Rienks, W.A.; Vries, de J.R.

    2013-01-01

    On average, farm units in the EU countryside are developing within the globalization process to an everincreasing physical and operational size. Within the last three decades, Dutch dairy farm holdings have increased their physical size by a factor of 3. This ongoing process can also be observed in

  12. Predicament and Countermeasures of County Economic Development in the Context of New Socialist Countryside Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    From the perspective of building new socialist countryside, this paper analyses the interactive and mutually reinforcing internal relationship between construction of new socialist countryside and the development of county economy as follows: building new socialist countryside is a significant opportunity and a sturdy base for the development of county economy; the development of county economy is an effective approach and mighty support for construction of new socialist countryside. Then this paper researches the predicament of "big agricultural county, small industry county, county with weak economy, county with low revenue" confronted by the development of county economy at present. Finally corresponding countermeasures are put forward to address predicament in county economic development as follows: constantly promote the reform of "province administering county", enhance and reinforce the development initiative of county economy; vigorously develop modern agriculture, use modern agriculture to stabilize the county; make every effort to propel the development of modern industry, use emerging industry to rejuvenate the county; quicken the pace of urban construction, use charming cities to attract development elements; adhere to the people-oriented outlook, foster new farmers, to achieve harmonious development of county economy.

  13. Reporting an Unsettled Countryside The News Media and Rural Protests in Britain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Woods

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Most analyses of the role of the media in shaping and reproducing popular dis-courses of rurality have focused on film, television drama and literature. Compa-ratively little attention has been directed towards the role of the news media in framing perceptions of contemporary rural issues through reportage and commen-tary. This paper examines the engagement of the news media with a series of rural protests that developed in Britain between 1997 and 2007 around issues such as hunting and farm incomes. The news media had been complicit in maintaining the previous discursive construct of the countryside as a settled and almost apolitical space, but the emergence of major rural protests forced a shift in the representation of rural life. News coverage of rural issues and rural protests increased with the adoption of a new discourse of the ”unsettled countryside”. In adjusting to shifting news values, the news media initially bought and reproduced the frames promoted by the major rural campaign group, the Countryside Alliance, including tropes of the ”countryside in crisis”, the ”countryside comes to town” and the ”countryside speaks out for liberty”. Over time, however, a more complex web of representations developed as the perspectives adopted by different media outlets diverged, informed by political ideology. As such, it is argued that the news media played a key role not in only in mediating public reception of rural protests, and thus modulating their political significance, but also in framing the rural protests for participants within the rural community, and as such contributing to the mobilisation of a politicised rural identity and an active rural citizenship.

  14. Investigation of risk factors to coronary heart disease in two countryside villages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gisleine Elisa Cavalcante da Silva

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors to coronary heart disease in two countryside villages in the State of Paraná, southern Brazil, typical in terms of the poverty and lack of access to public health care. All population was invited to participate in the study. The 462 volunteers (61.3% female, mean age = 42 years showed high prevalence of hypercholesterolemia (7.0%, hypertriglyceridemia (19.0%, hyperglycemia (11.0%, hypertension (30.0% and obesity (16.0%. The majority of the individuals, during the interview did not report the diseases detected by the testes. The results revealed that the high prevalence of hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, obesity, hypertension and diabetes mellitus could be consequence of the delayed detection of these diseases or inadequate treatment after diagnostic.O objetivo do presente estudo foi investigar os fatores de risco para doenças coronarianas em uma região pobre do Noroeste do Estado do Paraná - Brasil, onde o acesso a cuidados de saúde pública é deficiente.Toda a população foi convidada a participar do estudo, sendo que a população efetivamente estudada foi de 462 indivíduos, onde a maioria era mulheres (61,3% com idade média de 42 anos. Os voluntários mostraram alta prevalência de hipercolesterolemia (7%, hipertrigliceridemia (19%, hiperglicemia (11%, hipertensão (30% e obesidade (16%. Foi realizada uma entrevista com cada participante do estudo, onde a maioria declarou não ter conhecimento sobre as doenças detectadas. Os resultados obtidos através dos exames laboratoriais e entrevistas mostraram que a alta prevalência de hiperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, hipertensão e obesidade resultam da detecção tardia dessas doenças ou de tratamento inadequado após o diagnóstico.

  15. An important way to build a new socialistic countryside: developing circular economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ji Kunsen

    2006-01-01

    @@ It was put forward in the Fifth Session of Sixteenth Central Committee of the Party that "it is a great historic mission on the path for China to modernization to construct new socialistic countries",and that "according to the requirements of developing production, ample life, civilized countryside climate, clean countryside, democratic management,urban and rural social and economic development should be unifiedly planned, modern agricultural construction should be promoted, rural reform should be deepened all round, rural public service should be advanced, and peasants' income should be increased by all means." Some time ago Premier Wen Jiabao pointed out that problems about the carrying capacity of resources and environment, for example the decrease of arable land, the lack of freshwater and eco-environmental deterioration, will be tough challenges to agricultural development in China.

  16. Agricultural Multifunctionality Evolution and Research into Issues concerning Agriculture,Countryside and Farmers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Xin

    2012-01-01

    From the point of view of agricultural civilization, the history of human civilization is the history of the development of the agricultural civilization. Accompanied by social progress and development of the times, the function of agriculture also experiences the expansion and deepening. In terms of economy, there is a process from mechanized farming to industrialization, then to informatization, modernization and internationalization. The great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation has also experienced and witnessed this process. In terms of "agriculture, countryside and farmers", the content is complex, diverse, profound, sharp, and changing, constantly testing and challenging our wisdom. When the Document No.1 in 2007 targeted modern agriculture, it indicated that new connotation was integrated into agricultural multifunctionality, standing at a new starting point. At present, the function of agriculture is still deepening; there are tremendous achievements and outstanding problems concurrently in issues concerning agriculture, countryside and farmers. We take the agricultural multifunctionality as breakthrough point for exploration and research.

  17. Building s New Socialist Countryside, Improving Commission and Agent System of "Village-level Accounting"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHI Hong

    2006-01-01

    Rural finance is an issue concerned with rural people, improving rural financial management is important to close the relations of cadres and masses, maintain rural stability, and promote rural economic development. This article explained the main problems of village financial, the needs of introducing commission and agent system of"village-level accounting" for building a new socialist countryside, and the measures of improving commission and agent system of "village-level accounting".

  18. Prevalence of Asthma in a Portuguese Countryside Town:Repercussions on Absenteeism and Self-Concept

    OpenAIRE

    Borrego, Lm; Leiria-Pinto, P; César, M.; Rosado-Pinto, J

    2005-01-01

    Background: Childhood asthma represents an increasing health problem and is the leading cause of hospital admission and absenteeism in children with chronic disease. It also compromises quality of life, eventually contributing to disturbances in self-concept. Self-concept is a recent and global perspective of “the self” and relates to skills, self-image and self-esteem. Little information is available on this topic and there are no data from Portuguese countryside towns. Objective: T...

  19. Experience in New Socialist Countryside Planning and Construction and Recommendations: A Case Study of Haotang Village in Xinyang City of Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bin; ZHENG; Qi; GONG; Xi; MA; Xiaofang; ZHANG; Lu; GAN; Ying; ZHU

    2014-01-01

    Taking Haotang Village in Xinyang City of Henan Province as an example,this paper analyzed experience of this village in development of new socialist countryside construction. The new socialist countryside planning and construction should attach importance to research on original spatial pattern of villages,really respect and bring into play subject function of farmers,and deeply explore rural financial services. It is expected to provide reference for future new socialist countryside planning and construction.

  20. Research on Human Resources Development of Rural Public Service Departments in New Countryside Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of defining related concepts concerning human resources in rural public service departments,this paper analyses the overall status quo of human resources in China’s rural public service departments and points out the problems existing in human resources in China’s rural public service departments during new countryside construction as follows:first,the constitution structure is not rational;second,the cultural quality of staff is universally low,and the business capacity remains to be promoted;third,the improvement of human resources development environment lags behind,and the supporting reform is short.In the context of new countryside construction,the opportunities faced by the human resources in China’s rural public service departments are as follows:China has elevated strengthening new countryside construction and rural talents construction as important state development strategy;the ideas of service-oriented government and learning-oriented government are put forward;civil servant system is overhauled.Therefore,I advance the development strategy of human resources in China’s rural public service departments as follows:implement elastic personnel system reform in public service departments(including civil servant positions in department),to form the public service personnel system of "able one comes in,mediocre one moves over and shiftless one steps down";audaciously promote young and middle-aged grass-roots cadres with strong business ability,high political quality,acute judgement and decision-making ability;build learning-oriented grass-roots public service organization,to make the staff in rural pubic service departments study assiduously and progress;broaden horizon,and build the human resources development system geared to international standards;in developed regions,the human resources in grass-roots public service departments should introduce enterprise competition model.

  1. Americans city and countryside seen from the Council of the Indies in Madrid (1570-1650

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillaume Gaudin

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available How Madrid administration, i.e. the Council of the Indies, considered urban and rural areas in America? From classical sources (the Ordenanzas of 1573 and Relaciones geográficas of 1577 and unpublished (the work and papers of the clerk of the Council of the Indies, Juan Díez de la Calle, we understand the importance of the city as a place of dominance over the countryside and implementation of royal power thanks to the presence of the representatives of the Crown nominated in Madrid. The city, with its officers and priests, obsesses while the field in the background is only seen as a resource

  2. Application of Geothermal Energy to New Countryside Construction——A Case Study of Xiong County, Hebei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG; Shu-fang

    2012-01-01

    Hujiatai Village, Xiong County, Hebei Province was nominated as the experimental unit of new countryside construction by Hebei Province in 2008. In order to make Hujiatai Village become a new countryside model with friendly ecological and environmental conditions, local energy resources should be considered. In this study, a mode of "geothermal energy extraction-heat exchange-space heating-reinjection" was adopted to supply heat to resident houses in Hujiatai Village cooperating with a geothermal development entity based on the abundant geothermal resources, thereby constructing a clean, economic and autarkic new countryside energy system, which avoids utilization of fossil-energy, reduces emission of greenhouse gases and generation of solid coal cinder, protecting air and land environment, improving life quality of the people and building a typical model for Hebei Province and even for the whole country.

  3. Everyday Information Needs and Information Seeking Habits in the Countryside: a Study of a Local Community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gorazd Vodeb

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTPurpose: The research attempts to provide an insight into the information world of the Slovenian countryside. It presents the first results of an exploratory study of information needs, information seeking habits and types of information sources.Methodology/approach: Brenda Dervin's Sense-Making Methodology was used as the theoretical basis for this research. 25 open structured interviews with inhabitants of a local community were conducted based on purposive sampling. Interview recordings were transcribed, summarised and analysed using the qualitative content analysis approach.Results: The analysis results in recognizing the types of gaps in the context of an individual, economic activities and in the context of a local community. Gap categories are described with regard to questions or problems and the ways of solving them. There are 20 categories describing gaps in the context of an individual, 17 categories which present economic activities – and 6 categories which pertain to a local community. Findings about information needs and the ways of seeking information stress the key role of information sources in farming and prevalence of interpersonal exchange of information and experts' opinion in the context of individual problem solving.Research limitation: The generalisation of results is not possible due to the sample size.Originality/practical implications: The findings contribute to understanding of information needs and ways of information seeking in the Slovenian countryside.

  4. Long-term vegetation monitoring in Great Britain - the Countryside Survey 1978-2007 and beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Claire M.; Smart, Simon M.; Bunce, Robert G. H.; Norton, Lisa R.; Maskell, Lindsay C.; Howard, David C.; Scott, W. Andrew; Henrys, Peter A.

    2017-07-01

    The Countryside Survey (CS) of Great Britain provides a globally unique series of datasets, consisting of an extensive set of repeated ecological measurements at a national scale, covering a time span of 29 years. CS was first undertaken in 1978 to monitor ecological and land use change in Britain using standardised procedures for recording ecological data from representative 1 km squares throughout the country. The same sites, with some additional squares, were used for subsequent surveys of vegetation undertaken in 1990, 1998 and 2007, with the intention of future surveys. Other data records include soils, freshwater habitats and invertebrates, and land cover and landscape feature diversity and extents. These data have been recorded in the same locations on analogous dates. However, the present paper describes only the details of the vegetation surveys. The survey design is a series of gridded, stratified, randomly selected 1 km squares taken as representative of classes derived from a statistical environmental classification of Britain. In the 1978 survey, 256 one-kilometre sample squares were recorded, increasing to 506 in 1990, 569 in 1998 and 591 in 2007. Initially each square contained up to 11 dispersed vegetation plots but additional plots were later placed in different features so that eventually up to 36 additional sampling plots were recorded, all of which can be relocated where possible (unless the plot has been lost, for example as a consequence of building work), providing a total of 16 992 plots by 2007. Plots are estimated to have a precise relocation accuracy of 85 %. A range of plots located in different land cover types and landscape features (for example, field boundaries) are included. Although a range of analyses have already been carried out, with changes in the vegetation being related to a range of drivers at local and national scales, there is major potential for further analyses, for example in relation to climate change. Although the

  5. ORGANIZATIONAL, LEGAL, MEDICAL AND PHARMACEUTICAL APPROACHES TO OPTIMIZATION OF MEDICINES’ CIRCULATION FOR HYPERTONIA TREATMENT IN COUNTRYSIDE AREAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shapovalova V.O.

    2016-06-01

    forensic and pharmaceutical risks that cause problems in access for the patients to needed medicines. Studied the example of forensic and pharmaceutical practice of imperfections in pilot project among the countryside population. Studied the system of interaction between specialists of medicine, pharmacy, state government and other industries in the area of public access to essential medicines. A review of the pilot project of reimbursement of the cost of antihypertensive medications features in the Kharkiv region, the consequences of this project for patients and healthcare of Ukraine and Kharkiv region.

  6. Essential and organizational transformations of economy management in the countryside as the basis of sustainable rural development in Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.I. Strochenko

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. Despite the fact that agricultural producers significantly improve their economic activity in these latter days, rural areas in Ukraine are still on the downward path. This indicates the necessity to create responsible and effective economy management system in the countryside as organizational basis of sustainable rural development. Thus the article is aimed to determine the nature and directions of transformational changes of management practices in rural areas of Ukraine. Economy management way is considered as an integrating element of the bases and factors of sustainable rural development triad «nature – society – economy». The results of the analysis. There are analyzed the structure of the agricultural production sector in Ukraine and indicators of the wellbeing of households in rural and urban settlements. It is found that although personal farms appear as the main producers of certain agricultural products in Ukraine, they are excluded from the processes of the local area and community development. It gives accent to the need for essential and organizational transformations of the countryside economy management. It is proposed that personal farm should cover only own needs for food and related products, as a form of production organization without entrepreneur status. The provision of any services and products to external consumers (especially tourism and sales of agrifood products should be considered in a plane of business and lead to the need to commission relevant legally significant actions such as: registration as a business entity or legal person as prescribed by law as well as the taxpayer under the tax Code of Ukraine. State policy should be based on the need for a system of stimulating business development instruments to ensure the implementation of these changes. These tools include, namely: promoting access to the public procurement market for local producers and manufacturers of organic

  7. Commercial Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    China is pushing retailers to move into rural areas Considering the Chinese Govern- ment’s push to develop the country-side-and its own history-Wal-Mart may want to consider more aggressive expansions into rural China. Wal-Mart has grown like wildfire

  8. Path Choice of New Countryside Construction in Western Region of China under the Perspective of Ecological Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    General situation of ecological environment in western region is introduced,as well as its relationship with new countryside construction.Result shows that ecological conditions of western region not only play an important role in the achievement of new countryside construction in western region,but also directly affect the ecological safety of eastern region and the sustainable development of China.Problems in new countryside construction in western region are analyzed under the perspective of ecological environment,which are the weak concept of ecological protection,the ecological environment which needs to be improved,the difficulty in agriculture development,and the backward plan for human settlement.According to these problems,path of new countryside construction in western China is pointed out under the perspective of ecological environment,such as promoting ecological economy,developing competitive industries,speeding up spatial planning,optimizing the living environment,changing the traditional concept into scientific and rational development,and restoring the ecological environment by making use of agricultural support.

  9. Pregnancy is associated with psychiatric symptoms in a low-income countryside community of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dias FMV

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Fernando MV Dias1–3, Claudio SD Junior4, Glaura C Franco5, Antônio L Teixeira3, Angela M Ribeiro21Department of Medicine and Nursing, Federal University of Viçosa, Viçosa; 2Graduate Program in Neurosciences, Laboratory of Molecular and Behavioral Neuroscience (LaNeC; 3Graduate Program in Neurosciences, Neuropsychiatric Branch Research; 4Department of Sociology and Anthropology; 5Department of Statistics, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horrizonte, BrazilBackground: Psychiatric symptoms during pregnancy induce an increase in morbidity and also in the mortality levels among women and children. However, the real association between pregnancy and psychiatric disorders and the peculiarities of the phenomenology of symptoms in underprivileged countryside communities remain uncertain.Objective: To verify the association between psychiatric disorder, symptoms, and pregnancy among women from a low-income countryside community and to determine the specific cutoff points for major depression diagnosis according to Beck Depression Inventory for the different trimesters of pregnancy in this population.Methods: Ninety-four pregnant women and 38 healthy women from the Conceição do Mato Dentro health service, a rural low-income community in Brazil, participated in the present study. Psychiatric examination included a structured clinical interview for psychiatric disorders according to Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview and psychometric scales such as the Yale–Brown Obsessive Scale, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the Hamilton Anxiety Scale. The cutoff points for Beck Depression Inventory were determined through the application of receiver operating characteristic curves considering the diagnosis of major depression according to Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview.Results: The pregnant women had a higher frequency of psychiatric disorders and depression and anxiety symptoms. All cutoff points of Beck Depression Inventory

  10. Designation and Realization of Countryside Oriented Digital Resource Service System%面向农村的数字化资源服务系统设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈建中; 杨帆

    2012-01-01

    Relying on the substantial electronic resources in digital library, the system architecture of countryside oriented web based digital resource service platform was developed. By integrating books and magazines related to agricultural issues and other special resources, multi-site remote updating and muti-user real-time access mode was designed to provide a visualized, intelligent and personalized information service mode suitable to the information requirement and application habits of countryside users. The system was basically completed and popularized all over the province, and had obtained desired effects.%依托数字图书馆海量电子资源,开发面向农村的基于Web的数字化服务平台的系统架构,通过整合涉农的书刊及特色资源,设计了多站点的远程更新和多用户实时访问方式,以提供适合农村用户信息需求和使用习惯的可视化、智能化及个性化信息服务模式,系统基本建成并在省域范围推广应用,达到了预期效果.

  11. [Research of controlling condition for aeration stabilization pond dealing with sanitary waste of countryside].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Huai-Zheng; Yao, Shu-Jun; Xu, Zu-Xin; Chen, Wei-Bing

    2012-10-01

    According to research of some problems, such as the hydraulic detention time that aeration stabilization pond deals with sanitary waste of countryside, dissolved oxygen in pond during the process of aeration, the concentration distribution of sludge and different aeration periods affecting on the treatment efficiency, we can acquire good treatment efficiency and energy consumption of economy. The results indicate that under the aeration stabilization pond of this experiment, 4 d is the best hydraulic detention time with this aeration stabilization pond. Time of the discontinuous running aeration should be greater than 15 min. The concentration distribution of sludge can reach equilibrium at each point of aeration stabilization pond between 2 min and 10 min. The best aeration period of dislodging the pollutant is 0.5 h aeration/1.0 h cut-off.

  12. Acid House and Thatcherism: noise, the mob, and the English countryside.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Andrew

    2002-03-01

    This paper examines why the late 1980s youth subculture Acid House provoked a moral panic of the scale and intensity that it did. The subculture is conceived as presenting a disruptive presence to Thatcherism as an hegemonic project. The terms under which this occurred are examined through the themes of noise, the mob, and the disruption of bureaucratic authority. The presence of Acid House within the English countryside, and in particular the Home Counties, is situated as enhancing the problematic status of the subculture. The scale of measures taken against Acid House is related to Thatcherism's 'authoritarian populism'. Acid House is located in terms of a history of similar forms of popular cultural activity. The coverage of Acid House in The Sun and The Daily Mail, and the parliamentary debate around the second reading of the Entertainments (Increased Penalties) Act, are drawn upon throughout.

  13. The dimensions of land use change in rural landscapes: lessons learnt from the GB Countryside Surveys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petit, Sandrine

    2009-07-01

    Rural landscapes are highly dynamic and their change impacts on a number of ecological processes such as the dynamics of biodiversity. Although a substantial amount of research has focused on quantifying these changes and their impact on biodiversity, most studies have focused on single dimensions of land use change. This lack of integration in land use change studies can be explained by the fact that data on the spatial, temporal, and ecological dimensions of land use are seldom available for the same geographical location. In this paper, the benefits of taking into account these three dimensions are illustrated with results derived from the Great Britain Countryside Surveys (CS), a large-scale monitoring programme designed to assess change in the extent and ecological condition of British habitats. The overview of CS results presented in this paper shows that (1) changes in land use composition will translate into a variety of spatial patterns; (2) the temporal stability of land use is often lower than can be expected; and (3) there can be large-scale shifts in the ecological condition of the land use types that form our rural landscapes. The benefits of integrated rural landscape studies are discussed in the context of other national monitoring programmes.

  14. Feeding habits of feral cats Felis silvestris catus in the countryside of Majorca Island, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Milan

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The diet of feral cats ( Felis silvestris catus in the Mediterranean island of Majorca (Spain was studied from July 2008 to June 2009 by the analysis of the scats of 75 feral cats captured in baited traps in 14 different areas. A total of 138 preys were identified in the analyzed scats. Mammals were the main group preyed on and constituted 93% both in frequency and biomass. Among them, mice were the most frequent prey consumed (55% Mus sp., 18% Apodemus sylvaticus but represented only 20% of biomass. Rat was present in 29% of scats and was the main component in terms of biomass (57%. Rabbit was found at a frequency of 6.6%, and constituted 18% of biomass. Other prey (birds, geckos and insects were found in lower frequency, and all pooled constituted only 7% of biomass. Reproductive females preyed less upon mice (20% than the other cats (77%. This may indicate that these females tended to predate upon higher preys, which may be secondary to increased energetic requirements due to pregnancy or lactation. No seasonal variations were found in any of the different parameters studied. Results indicate that rodents constitute all year round the main prey item in feral cat diet in the countryside of Majorca.

  15. [Book review] The Eastern Screech Owl: Life History, Ecology and Behavior in the Suburbs and Countryside, by Frederick Gehlback

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hahn, D.C.

    1995-01-01

    Review of: Eastern Screech Owl: Life History, Ecology, and Behavior in the Suburbs and Countryside. Frederick R. Gehlbach. Issue 16; Issue 2008 of W. L. Moody Jr. Natural History Series. Texas A&M University Press; 1st edition (November 1994). ISBN: 0890966095. For ornithologists and ecologists alike, Fred Gehlbach's book promises to hold both interest and information value as a comprehensive study of the eastern screech owl (Otus asio hasbroucki). Gehlbach was intrigued with screech owls as a boy and encouraged as an undergraduate by William Hamilton, who underscored that in-depth studies of familiar backyard species can be as fascinating as those in exotic sites. Correspondence with another owl-aficionado, the late H. N. Southern, inspired the author's long-term study of screech owls in a woodland landscape in central Texas and led him to provide nest boxes to enhance his access and sample size. This book is based on observations over a 25-year period-beginning in 1967, with intensive study during an 11-year period (1976-1987) in Texas south of Waco, where Gehlbach teaches at Baylor University. The study represents observations on 659 screech owls, covering several generations of birds and entire lives of many individuals. Gehlbach compares screech owl nesting behavior in a rural versus suburban setting and includes chapters on food supplies and predation tactics; egg-laying, incubation, and parental behavior; vocalizations; and population structure and flux. He discusses why screech owls are widespread across the eastern half of North America and why they succeed among people in suburban environments, where they adapt as easily to mailboxes and porch columns as to natural tree cavities. The book mixes two approaches: on the one hand the dense style of a technical book in which the professional biologist can find information on many aspects of screech owl behavior, life history, and population, including tables, figures, summary statistics, results of statistical

  16. 农村财会人员素质教育的思考%Thoughts on Quality-oriented Education of Financial Personnel in Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛爱霞

    2013-01-01

      分析了当前农村财会人员存在的问题,阐述了开展农村财会人员教育培训的必要性,提出了提高农村财会人员素质的措施。%The author analyzed existing problems of current countryside financial personnel, and expounded necessity of train-ing quality-oriented education of financial personnel. Finally, the author put forward measures of improving quality of finan-cial personnel in countryside.

  17. 浅谈建设永久性农村公路的设想%Brief Discussion on Building Perpetual Countryside Road

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李颖

    2011-01-01

    Aimed at the current situation of road layout and construction in countryside, the article proposes idea of building a perpetual countryside road from perspectives of horizontal alignment,vertical section alignment, longitudinal alignment, road base and drainage.%文章针对农村公路测设与施工的情况,从平面线形、公路纵断面线形、平纵面线形组合、路基与排水等方面提出建设永久性农村公路的设想。

  18. Rules of political communication in the pre-war Soviet countryside

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Merl

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The author aims to debunk the Soviet official myth of local administration as being weak and not functioning effectively. The Soviet regime could not function in the way it pretended to, and the official picture of the economy was far from the reality though played a central role in the political discourse for the aims of legitimacy. The command economy actually functioned as a symbiosis of commands and threats ‘from above’ and corrupt practices of the majority of people including officials. However, this symbiosis worked quite successfully in industry ensuring impressive rates of growth, but not in agriculture and rural areas. Certainly, the kolkhoz system also combined severe control and treats with tolerance to corrupt practices condemned in the official slogans so as to save people from starvation. However, in the countryside the myth that rural administration was weak and wrongdoing proved to be the strongest basis of the regime for it corresponded to the firm conviction of rural people and traditional expectations that Stalin would pursue the paternalist rule as a “good tsar” by punishing local officials (as scapegoats and by removing them from office (after blaming them for regime’s shortcomings as incompetent managers. To keep people from protests und rebellions the rural officials’ task was not only to use force and intimidation during the campaigns, but also to look away allowing the kolkhozniki from time to time to betray the state as compensation. Thus, the Soviet rural administration fulfilled its functions set by the regime, such as ensuring political communication for the aims of the faith in the legitimacy of the political rule. The author also considers a vertical channel of communication between the people and the regime - petitions to the ruler. Soviet people were encouraged to write letters including complaints to “bargain” personal dissatisfaction. Soviet peasants considered such a communication as a

  19. National-scale vegetation change across Britain; an analysis of sample-based surveillance data from the Countryside Surveys of 1990 and 1998

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smart, S.M.; Clarke, R.T.; Poll, van de H.M.; Robertson, E.J.; Shield, E.R.; Bunce, R.G.H.; Maskell, L.C.

    2003-01-01

    Patterns of vegetation across Great Britain (GB) between 1990 and 1998 were quantified based on an analysis of plant species data from a total of 9596 fixed plots. Plots were established on a stratified random basis within 501 1 km sample squares located as part of the Countryside Survey of GB. Resu

  20. [Analysis on the iron deficiency and the rate of anemia of 3-11 year old children in 7 cities and 2 countryside in China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Defu; Zhang, Yumei; You, Lili; Tuo, Ya; Sheng, Qinghai; Wang, Peiyu

    2014-03-01

    To investigate the status of iron deficiency and the rate of anemia of 3 - 11 year-old children in Chinese cities and countryside and explore the possible related influencing factors. The multistage stratified cluster random sampling was used to select one kindergarten and one primary school in seven cities (Beijing, Shenyang, Suzhou, Zhengzhou, Chengdu, Lenzhou and Guangzhou) and two countryside randomly in Hebei Province one bottom class, middle class, top class in one kindergarten and one second grade and fifth grade in one primary school were selected randomly. All of the healthful students of these classes were investigated and the element iron and the parameters of red blood cell were detected. 1863 students in 7 cities and 2 countryside were investigated in the research. The incidence of iron deficiency of different ages had statistical significance and with the age increasing, the incidence showed a decreasing trend. The incidences of iron deficiency were 47.1% and 38.2% in 3 -4 year-old children and 4 - 5 year-old children, respectively. The incidence of anemia of different ages had statistical significance. The incidences of anemia of 3 - 4 year-old children and 4 -5 year-old children were significantly higher than those of 5 - 6 year-old children. The incidences of anemia were 4.0% and 7.1% in 3 - 4 year-old children and 4 -5 year-old children, respectively. No statistical significance for different sex of the same age was found for iron deficiency and anemia incidence. The incidence (12%) of anemia of the children in countryside area was significantly higher than those in first-tier cities and second-tier cities. The status of iron deficiency and the rate of anemia of 3 - 11 year-old children in Chinese cities and countryside were improved recently, but still serious. It should be paid more attention to the children with lower serum iron content and the children in rural areas.

  1. An Exploration on the Relationship Lending and Financial Support of the "Agriculture, Countryside and Famers"%关系型借贷与金融支持“三农”的探索——以福建省农信社为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芳

    2011-01-01

    Relationship lending promotes to solve the problem of insufficient collateral and lack of "hard information", and effectively alleviates the financing dilemma and becomes the formal financial institutions' primary selection of technology while they financial support for " Agriculture, Countryside and Famers". At present, the credit gap of Fujian "Agriculture, Countryside and Famers" is great. From the perspective of financing techniques, we will improve the loan accessibility, so it will has positive significance in the development of the formal financial support for agriculture.%关系型借贷有助于解决抵押品不足、“硬信息”缺乏等问题,从而有效缓解融资困境,成为正规金融机构支持“三农”的主选技术。目前,福建“三农”的信贷缺口较大,如果能从融资技术的角度出发,改善贷款的可得性,则对探索正规金融机构发展关系型借贷支持“三农”、积极投身海西新农村建设颇具积极意义。

  2. THE INFLUENCE OF TELEVISION ON REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE COUNTRYSIDE OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF PALMAS – TOCANTINS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alice Agnes Spíndola Mota

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Analyzing the rural origin of Brazil and considering the accelerated process of urbanization of the last decades, this article seeks to analyze and compare the social developments arising from TV insertion in peasantry, as well as its influence on children and young people‟s audience. The case study applied to the countryside of Palmas – Tocantins is aimed to observe the consequences of television insertion in the peasant life and also, consider possible changes that this communication vehicle provides to the culture, economy and social relationships through its influence on children. While researching TV insertion in rural daily life, it is possible to see the influence of this communication media, as well as the extension of the urbanized and capitalist global reality on the local reality of peasant family. Without ignoring the benefits provided by the television in rural areas, this work notes the social consequences resulting from the insertion of this means of communication in peasantry.

  3. Study on Construction Mode of Beijing Beautiful Countryside%北京美丽乡村建设模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄薇; 史亚军

    2015-01-01

    作为北京市深化社会主义新农村建设和推进生态文明建设的新载体、新工程,美丽乡村建设是统筹城乡发展、建设社会主义新农村实践的又一次重大创新。在全市范围内,全面推进和落实美丽乡村建设是北京市全面提升村庄整治、新社区建设、农房改造和农村生态环境建设水平的内在要求。文章简述了美丽乡村的内涵,在实地考察北京市16个区县的美丽乡村建设情况的基础上,概述了北京美丽乡村的发展现状,综合分析了北京美丽乡村建设五大模式:产业发展型模式、生态保护型模式、城郊集约型模式、文化传承型模式和休闲旅游型模式,并提出了北京市美丽乡村建设模式的未来发展方向:个性化、差异化、地域化和品牌化,更注重文化内涵建设和产业化水平提升。%As a new project to deepen the construction of the socialist countryside and promote the ecological civilization in Beijing, the beautiful countryside construction is a major innovation to balance urban and rural development and build a new socialist countryside. Comprehensively promoting and implementing the beautiful countryside construction were the inherent requirements to enhance village renovation, build a new community, reconstruct rural housing and construct rural ecological environment in Beijing. On the basis of spot investigation on the construction of the beautiful countryside in 16 districts and counties in Beijing, this paper firstly outlined the connotation of beautiful countryside and gave an overview of the current development of the beautiful countryside construction in Beijing. Then the author comprehensively analyzed five modes of the construction of the beautiful countryside in Beijing which were industrial development mode, ecological protection mode, suburban intensive mode, cultural heritage mode and leisure and tourism mode. At last, this paper proposed that future

  4. 大众传媒在建设社会主义新农村中的作用%The Role of Mass Media in the Construction of New Socialist Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何素明

    2013-01-01

    Mass media has become the main way of science and technology transmission. This paper discusses the rural mass media situation: lack of free access to information, not enough agricultural and farmer media, lack of agricultural, farmer and rural areas content, farmers' relatively low culrure quality and lack of congnitive competence. How to build a rural platform of mass media to shorten the knowledge gap between urban and rural areas, cultivate outstanding agricultural practioners and make farmers change their concept so as to build a new socialist countryside is also discussed.%  大众媒体已成为科技传播的主要途径。文章论述了我国大众传媒的农村现状,信息获取的渠道不畅、农业、农民类媒体少,“三农”的内容少、农民的整体文化素质较低,缺乏足够的认知能力及如何建构大众传媒的农平台,缩小城乡之间的知识沟和培养优秀的大农业新闻从业者,促使农民观念变迁这农村发展的内在动力,建设社会主义新农村。

  5. Impacts of Changing Agri-Environmental Policy on Countryside Conservation: A Report of Focus Groups Held in Association with Skaneateles Lake Watershed, Skaneateles, NY, USA, and High Weald Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, Goudhurst, Kent, England, UK

    OpenAIRE

    Gross, David; Bills, Nelson L.

    2003-01-01

    Utilizing area-based agri-environmental programs, our work involves focus groups and interviews with program managers, landowners, and elected officials to assess the impact of on-farm managerial interventions on broader countryside conservation issues. Initially, two areas were compared: The Skaneateles Lake Watershed Agricultural Program (NY) and the High Weald Land Management Initiative (England). The organizing principle for this research is that the British experience with countryside ma...

  6. Morphological functional and psychological indicators of 11-12 yrs age boys’ (members of preparatory special health groups of urban and countryside schools development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamozhanskaya G.V.

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: determination of anthropometrical and somatic indicators and factors of school anxiety of 11-12 yrs age boys - members of special health groups at urban and countryside schools. Material: in researches 50 boys of 11-12 years age participated. Results: the author determined difference between morphological-functional indicators and kinds of boys’ diseases. Besides, attendance of physical culture classes in respect to other subjects was analyzed. Comparative factors of children’s school anxiety were outlined. Schoolboys from countryside are more anxious about opinion of peers about themselves. Conclusions: boys’ morphological-functional indicators shall be considered as factor of determination and revelation of defects in harmonious development in system of physical education. Attention should be paid to different kinds of diseases and anxiety among boys of preparatory group.

  7. Exploration of Priority Strategies for Harmonious Development between Urbanization and the Construction of New Countryside in China Based on the Theory of Unbalanced Growth

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Based on the theory of unbalanced growth,we analyze priority strategy of different regions in China.It is prior to enhance the quality of urbanization in the East,make a long-term planning for construction of small towns,focus on harmony between human and nature,so as to realize its development to integrate with international urbanization level.For the middle areas,urbanization and construction of new countryside should be developed simultaneously,take a road of interactive development of urban and rural areas,finally to raise the level of urbanization.As to the western areas,it is required to firstly build new countryside,focus on construction of infrastructural facilities,adjust and optimize structure of agricultural production,and push forward the agricultural industrialization.

  8. Reflection Oil medical personnel training in the countryside of Beijing%首都农村医药卫生人才培养的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞文云; 线福华; 韩飞舟; 吕兆丰

    2007-01-01

    农村卫生工作直接关系到农民群众的身体健康,关系到农村经济的发展和社会的稳定.本文对首都农村医药卫生人才的现状及存在的主要问题进行了分析,指出高素质医药卫生人才的匮乏是制约农村卫生工作发展的主要因素,并在对农村医药卫生人才的现状及培养等方面的研究概况进行综述和分析的基础上,从教育条件建设、学历教育模式及毕业后教育和继续教育模式等几个方面探索了首都农村医药卫生人才培养的新思路.%The health-care work in the countryside is directly related to the peasants'health,and to the agricultural economic development and social stability.In this paper,the present situation of medical personnel in the countryside around the capital and their existing problems have been analyzed.It also points out that lack of high quality medical personnel is the key factor.Based on the introduction and analysis of the present situation as well as training of the medical personnel in the countryside,the authors have proposed new ideas for how to cultivate the medical personnel for countryside around Beijing from several aspects,such as the development of educational condition,school education,postgraduate education and continuing education.

  9. Habitat monitoring in the wider countryside: a case study on the pursuit of innovation in red deer management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maffey, Georgina; Reed, Mark; Irvine, R Justin; van der Wal, René

    2013-10-15

    Policy frameworks for protected areas, such as the EU habitats directive, ensure that environmental monitoring takes place to assess the condition of these sites. However, this monitoring rarely extends to the wider countryside, and there is no obligation for private landowners to detect trends in habitat condition. Using the diffusion of innovations model as an analytical framework we conducted a series of semi-structured interviews to consider the uptake of habitat impact assessment methods throughout a community involved in private land use pursuits in Scotland. It was found that although the community as a whole recognises the benefits of habitat impact assessments there are a number of barriers to their uptake, including the complexity of data gathering and interpretation, and uncertainty around who should be responsible for the conduct of assessments. Analysing the uptake of an innovation at an early stage, rather than retrospectively as is commonly done, highlights the potential for non-adoption and could therefore inform the reinvention of the innovation. In this instance reinvention could lead to more appropriate monitoring methods, which, if taken up, could reduce the need for legislative intervention in situations where both public and private interests need to be considered.

  10. Wind power in the open countryside, forests, mountains and seas; Vindkraft i oeppet landskap, skog, fjaell och hav

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Waldo, Aasa [Sociologiska inst,, Lunds Univ., Lund (Sweden); Ek, Kristina [Inst. foer Ekonomi, teknik och samhaelle, Luleaa Tekniska Univ., Luleaa (Sweden); Johansson, Maria [Miljoepsykologi, Institutionen foer Arkitektur och byggd miljoe, Lunds Univ., Lund (Sweden); Persson, Lars [Inst. foer Nationalekonomi, Umeaa Univ., Umeaa (Sweden)

    2013-01-15

    There is a support for the development of wind power. Meanwhile, there is uncertainty about how the landscape and the local values will be affected. Of the environments forests, mountains, open countryside and the sea, you can not point to any that would be suitable in particular for wind power. To find the right places, it is necessary to weigh the various factors. The report describes local conditions that are important for anchoring of wind power projects. It is about how people use the environment, what qualities they perceive as valuable, and how wind power project can be coordinated with other interests. It is about how people use the environment, what qualities they perceive as valuable, and how wind power project can be coordinated with other interests. Research also shows that people demand facts about wind power project's benefits and costs, both environmentally and economically. Also the ownership of wind turbines is important for attitude to planned wind power projects. The report is based on surveys and interview studies undertaken by an interdisciplinary research team in the areas of economics, environmental psychology and sociology. These studies underline the importance of dialogue and participation for all who feel concerned by a wind power establishment.

  11. Mediatization, Spatial Coherence and Social Sustainability The Role of Digital Media Networks in a Swedish Countryside Community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Jansson

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available What does the implementation of new communication networks mean for the spa-tial coherence and social sustainability of rural communities? This paper takes its key from Wittel’s discussion of network sociality, understood as the opposite of Gemeinschaft. Wittel’s argument may inform our understanding of how commu-nicative patterns in rural communities are partly re-embedded through ongoing media transitions. But it must also be problematized. Relating Wittel’s discussion to Halfacree’s model of spatial coherence and Urry’s notion of network capital, as well as to findings from an ethnographic study in a Swedish countryside commu-nity, a more complex view is presented. It is argued that global communication networks under rural conditions contribute to the integration and sustainability of the community, as much as to processes of expansion and differentiation. The results show that network sociality and community constitute interdependent con-cepts. Through their capacity of linking people to external realms of interest, while simultaneously reinforcing their sense of belonging in the local community, online media promote ontological security at the individual level, thus operating as a social stabilizer.

  12. Approach Choice and Innovative Model Design of Grass-root Agricultural Technology Promotion under the View of New Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduces the approach types of agricultural technology promotion we can choose in the process of new countryside construction, and there are mainly 6 types, namely government-domination-oriented approach, market-development-oriented approach, university (scientific research institution)-education-oriented approach, farmers’ participation-oriented approach, direct-training-oriented approach and individual-service-oriented approach, including 20 models. The problems existing in the grass-root agricultural technology promotion in the process of new village construction are analyzed as follows: the awareness of innovation is not strong; scientific research, education, and promotion are disjointed; the construction of specific work system lags behind; the structure of promotion team is irrational, and the quality of promotion personnel is yet to be promoted; the cultural quality of farmers is low, and the cooperative organizations are not sound; the working conditions are poor, and the basic security is inadequate; the investment channel is simple and the supply amount is badly short; the methods of agricultural technology promotion do not adapt to the requirements of new situation. According to the characteristics and internal requirements of grass-root agricultural technology promotion, we creatively design an overall working model, and put forward new measures from objective of grass-root agricultural technology promotion, service object, service content, organization work and scope, method, role of agricultural technology personnel and so on.

  13. Hypertension and diabetes-related morbidity and mortality trends in a municipality in the countryside of São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreia Francesli Negri Reis

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: to identify the main causes for hospital admissions and deaths related to systemic arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus (DM, and to analyze morbidity and mortality trends, in a municipality in São Paulo's countryside, by comparing two three-years periods, 2002 to 2004 and 2010 to 2012. Methods: cross-sectional study which used secondary data regarding deaths from the Information System on Mortality and concerning hospital admissions from the DataSus Hospital Information System. Univariate and multivariate statistical analyses were conducted. Results: from 2002 to 2012, 325,439 people were admitted to hospitals, 14.7% of them due to circulatory system diseases (CSD and 0.7% due to DM. The deaths distributed as the following: 29,027 deaths (31.5% were due to CSD; 8.06% due to cerebrovascular diseases (CVD; and 2.75% due to DM. There was a significant association between admittance and death causes and patients' gender and age in the three-year periods (p<0.001. The highest lethality in hospital admissions was found to be due to CVD (10%. That trend showed that mortality rates dropped, younger patients were admitted due to DM, and older patients were admitted due to CVD - they were more often females. Conclusion: the main causes for hospital admissions were the CSDs; main mortality causes were the CVDs in hypertensive and diabetic women. Those findings can back public policies which prioritize the promotion of health.

  14. Organization of Time in the Chinese Countryside: Labor, Rhythms and Gender in the Later Maoist Period (1958-1978

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vesna Vučinić-Nešković

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the question of how the state policies during the later Maoist period, from the beginning of the Great Leap Forward (1958 to the introduction of the Modernization Reforms (1978, affected the organization of time in the Chinese countryside. After abandoning the initial Soviet model of modernization, based on the exclusive strengthening of heavy industry, the China’s leadership developed a strategy of parallel development of agriculture and industry, wherein the former would additionally support the modernization of the latter. The study is focused on the ways the longer term state plans and shorter term economic, social and ideological policies and campaigns jointly influenced the rhythms of life of Chinese peasants. The domains in which these influences became visible were: (1 the intensification of agricultural practices, (2 the introducing of the small-scale industry, and (3 the politicizing of the spare time. In the analysis the characteristic rhythms of work and rest within the daily, weekly, seasonal, and annual time spans are followed in detail.

  15. Open access

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Valkenburg, P.M.

    2015-01-01

    Open access week Van 19 tot en met 25 oktober 2015 vond wereldwijd de Open Access Week plaats. Tijdens deze week werden er over de hele wereld evenementen georganiseerd waar open access een rol speelt. Ook in Nederland zijn er diverse symposia, workshops en debatten georganiseerd zoals het debat in

  16. 我国农村残疾人社会保障问题研究%The Study on Social Security System of Chinese Countryside Disabled People

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪璐蒙

    2014-01-01

    社会保障体系是确保社会公平、维护社会稳定的一个重要手段。相比城镇残疾人,农村残疾人具有残疾人和农村人的双重属性,他们所能获取的社会资源极少,而且生活水平远不及城镇残疾人。在对相关文献梳理的基础上,分析研究农村残疾人社会保障问题的必要性和紧迫性,进而比较系统地剖析我国农村残疾人社会保障方面所取得的成绩、存在的问题以及成因,结合实际情况,提出完善我国农村残疾人社会保障制度的对策和建议,对于维护社会稳定具有十分重要的意义。%Social security system , as an important tool , plays a considerable role in ensuring social justice and maintaining social sta-bility.Relative to the general disabled people , countryside disabled people has a dual properties of rural people and disabled people . They can get few social resources and have a poor living standard compared to the urban disabled people .Based on the analyses on a large number of documents , this paper reveals that it is significant and urgent to discuss social security system of countryside disabled people.Then, this paper analyzes the achievements , problems and causes of social security system of Chinese countryside disabled people.At last, by combining with the current conditions in China , this paper puts forward some development measures and sugges-tions in order to perfect the social security system of Chinese countryside disabled people .

  17. Access Denied

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villano, Matt

    2008-01-01

    Building access control (BAC)--a catchall phrase to describe the systems that control access to facilities across campus--has traditionally been handled with remarkably low-tech solutions: (1) manual locks; (2) electronic locks; and (3) ID cards with magnetic strips. Recent improvements have included smart cards and keyless solutions that make use…

  18. Open Access

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suber, Peter

    2012-01-01

    The Internet lets us share perfect copies of our work with a worldwide audience at virtually no cost. We take advantage of this revolutionary opportunity when we make our work "open access": digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. Open access is made possible by the Internet and copyright-holder…

  19. Open Access

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suber, Peter

    2012-01-01

    The Internet lets us share perfect copies of our work with a worldwide audience at virtually no cost. We take advantage of this revolutionary opportunity when we make our work "open access": digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. Open access is made possible by the Internet and copyright-holder…

  20. Analysis of the Main Features of the New Countryside Moral Construction%新农村道德建设主体特征论析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丁鑫

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduces the characteristics of government, rural social organization and farmers serving as the leader, auxiliary and practitioner of new countryside moral construction. In addition, it is pointed out that the mutual relation, obligation division and moral construction duty of three main bodies should take respect and dig each others' features as premises so as to realize the compensation of advantages and disadvantages and overall coordination and ensure the feasibility of new countryside moral construction.%论述了政府、农村社会组织和农民分别作为新农村道德建设的领导主体、辅助主体和实践主体的特征,表明3类主体间的相互关系、责权划分和承担的道德建设责任必须以尊重和挖掘各自的特性为前提,才能实现优势互补、整体协同,保障新农村道德建设的实效性.

  1. Thirty Years in the Western Countryside after ‘World of Plainness’%《平凡的世界》后的西部农村30年

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张天潘

    2015-01-01

    World of Plainness′, since it won the Maodun Literature Prize to today′s TV Serial Play′s booming broadcasting, articles researching and remarking plot summary are increasingly e-merging on newspapers and journals. Yet comments on countryside reform and variation of western countryside proved significant and worthy of consideration, which is what historical and social im-plication that really account.%从矛盾文学奖《平凡的世界》改编剧再次热播,研究点评剧情、人物的文章纷纷见报,但对农村改革以及西部农村变化的研究点评,确实很有现实意义,值得深思和借鉴。这也是一部巨著和改变后热播的历史和社会现实意义所在。

  2. Study on the comparison of consumption pattern about Fujian countryside residents%福建农村居民消费结构比较分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张小超

    2011-01-01

    According to the correlation data about income and the consumption expenditure about Fujian countryside residents from 2000 to 2009,we divide the consumption expenditure of the countryside resident into food,attire,housing,family equipment,thing and servi%根据福建农村居民2000~2009年收入和消费支出相关数据,把农村居民消费支出分为食品、衣着、居住、家庭设备、用品及服务、医疗保健、交通和通讯、文教娱乐用品及服务、其他商品和服务等消费支出,从纵向变化上、不同设区市间、不同收入群体、城乡家庭间比较分析福建农村居民消费结构的特点。

  3. The Structural Factors of the Countryside Interpersonal Relationship and Their Changes%农村人际关系的结构性要素及其变迁

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    With the social transformation from tradition to modern, the traditional interpersonal structures are recombined, so the blood consciousness and ethical constraint of the countryside traditional relationship tends to weakening, and interests component of it gradually are prominent. However, the nature of differential and the rules of “renqing” of the countryside interpersonal relationship don’t change fundamentally, which still is the structural rules of interpersonal interaction.%随着从传统到现代的社会转型,农村人际关系结构发生重组,致使重视伦理、强调血缘、轻视利益的农村传统人际关系,形成利益日益凸显、血缘意识淡化、伦理约束弱化的趋势。但农村人际关系的差序本质和“人情”规则没有根本变化,仍是制约农村人际交往的结构规范。

  4. 农村空巢老人SF-36量表应用信度及效度评价%Reliability and validity of SF-36 in health survey among empty-nest elders in countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵华硕; 王可; 金英良; 许爱芹; 黄水平

    2012-01-01

    目的 评价简明健康调查量表(SF-36)应用于农村空巢老人生存质量测量时的信度和效度.方法 采用中文版SF-36量表,对江苏省徐州市分层整群随机抽取218名农村空巢老人进行面访调查,评价该量表的信度和效度.结果 SF-36量表的分半系数为0.84,生理职能(RP)、生理功能(PF)、躯体疼痛(BP)、总体健康(GH)、精力(VT)、社会功能(SF)、情感职能(RE)和精神健康(MH)8个维度Cronbach's α系数为0.79、0.88、0.86、0.81、0.77、0.76、0.88、0.77,量表具有良好的分半信度和内部一致性信度;效度分析表明,集合效度和区分效度试验成功率分别为97.14%和97.96%,因子分析(RMSEA =0.12,CFI =0.91),PF、VT、RE、MH 4个维度在因子负荷上与理论模型完全一致;量表反应度评价表明,除RP、BP、SF 3个维度天花板效应分别为42.63%、48.79%、26.45%外,其他维度地板效应和大花板效应均不显著.结论 SF-36量表适用于农村空巢老人生存质量评价,但尚需根据实际情况对部分条目进行完善.%Objective To access the reliability and validity of 36-Item Short Form Health Survey(SF-36) in the evaluation of quality of life among the empty-nest elders in countryside. Methods Totally 218 empty-nest elders were selected with stratified cluster random sampling for a face-to-face interview with SF-36. The reliability of SF-36 was evaluated by split-half reliability and internal consistency reliability and its validity was evaluated by discriminant validity, convergent validity, and structure validity. Results The split-half reliability was 0.84 and the internal consistency Cronbach'o coefficient was 0.89. The Cronbach's a coefficient for role-physical, physical functioning, bodily pain, general health, vitality,social funtioning,role-emotional,and mental health was 0. 79,0. 88,0. 86,0. 81,0. 77,0. 76,0.88, and 0. 77,resectively. The convergent validity was 97. 14% and discriminant validity was 98

  5. DEVELOPING THE NEW COUNTRYSIDE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Dazhai, a mountainous village in north China's Shanxi Province, was an example of China's rural development model under the highly centralized, planned economy in the 1960s-70s. It slid into a lackluster period in the early 1980s after the market economy began to gain ground in China. The resurgence is painstaking but remarkable amid local people's unremitting efforts to develop industry and tourism. The village is now at a moderate development level among counterparts nationwide, according to official s...

  6. The Shareable Countryside

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gyimóthy, Szilvia; Meged, Jane Widtfeldt

    This paper aims at substantiating and problematizing communitarian business models in a rural tourism context. It is claimed that the collaborative economy yields resilient communities, revitalizes neighbourhoods and reconfigurates the beaten track (addressing the new tourist preferences for auth......This paper aims at substantiating and problematizing communitarian business models in a rural tourism context. It is claimed that the collaborative economy yields resilient communities, revitalizes neighbourhoods and reconfigurates the beaten track (addressing the new tourist preferences...... rural context. As such, we address the question: What are the preconditions, network effects and scaleability potential of global, market mediated collaborative business models for Danish rural communities? The empirical data collection is based on a qualitative, explorative case study of a Danish...

  7. Thinkings on Hunan Agricultural Higher Vocational Education from the Perspective of Constructing Beautiful Countryside%美丽乡村建设视角下的湖南农业高职教育思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    楚琼湘; 单武雄; 朱巽

    2013-01-01

    The construction of beautiful countryside is an important part of "Four-modernization and Two-oriented"strategy in Hunan. As the major force of cultivating builders of beautiful countryside, Hunan agricultural higher vocational education should initiatively adapt the construction of beautiful countryside, make a clear orientation, reform the talents cultivation model, deepen the major reformation and curriculum system reformation, proactively concern students' career development and foster beautiful countryside builders with high qualities, so as to increase the attraction of Hunan agricultural higher vocational education.%美丽乡村建设是湖南“四化两型”战略的重要内容,作为培养美丽乡村建设者的主要力量,湖南农业高职教育应主动适应美丽乡村建设,明确湖南农业高职教育定位;改革人才培养模式,深化专业改革和课程体系改革;主动关注学生的职业发展,培养高素质的美丽乡村建设接班人,增强湖南农业高职教育的吸引力。

  8. An Investigation on the Perceived Quality of the Home Appliances Based on the Policy of Home Appliances to the Countryside%家电下乡产品感知质量的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温德成; 傅田; 张亚竞; 孙中瑞; 孙得友

    2014-01-01

    为全面了解顾客对家电下乡产品质量的感知水平,对山东、河南和重庆三地的家电下乡产品进行了入户访谈调查。分析了顾客对家电下乡各主要类别产品整体质量和各主要品牌的关键质量特性的感知水平。结果显示农村顾客对家电下乡产品的总体质量是比较满意的,价格有补贴与质量有保障是农村顾客购买下乡产品的主要因素。%In order to see the customer's perceived quality based on the policy of Sending Home Appliances to the Countryside,this paper investigates countryside customers by household survey, and analyzes the perceived quality levels of the main types of home appliances,as well as the perceived quality levels of the main different brands.It is found that the whole countryside customers'perceived quality is rather good,and the price subsidy and good quality are the two main factors to promote the countryside customer to buy the home appliances.

  9. The Changes of Chinese Countryside Culture on the Background of Cultural Globalization%文化全球化背景下中国乡土文化的嬗变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱德琳

    2014-01-01

    中国乡土文化源远流长,是中国文化永恒的主题,其发展创新对于现代文化体系的构建具有重大意义。在文化全球化背景下,中国乡土文化既要吸纳多元文化中对乡土文化发展有用的精华,又要强化乡土文化的精神价值,使乡土文化在与外来文化的交流融合中获得发展机遇。%The Chinese countryside culture has a long history, is the eternal theme in Chinese culture. Its development and innovation play an important role in the construction of modern culture system. Under the background of cultural globalization, the Chinese countryside culture should not only absorb the essence of multi- culture, which would be useful for culture development, but also and strengthen the spiritual value of countryside culture. This will make opportunities for countryside culture in cultural exchanges with foreign culture.

  10. Influence of loneliness on the health of countryside left-behind women%孤独感对农村留守妇女健康状况的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽娜; 崔向军; 赵茜茜; 王莹; 张郢; 陈晓美; 郭鑫; 曹丹; 苑杰

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨孤独感对农村留守妇女健康状况的影响.方法 采用自测健康评定量表和UCLA孤独量表对河北省某地区的330名农村留守妇女进行问卷调查.结果 ①农村留守妇女在健康总体自测上低于理论中值的人数为36人,总检出率为11.88%.②留守妇女孤独感总分与睡眠质量(F=6.593,P< 0.001)、锻炼时间(F=4.831,P< 0.01)差异有统计学意义.③农村留守妇女孤独感与自测生理健康、自测心理健康、自测社会健康以及健康总体自测均呈显著负相关(P<0.001);农村留守妇女年龄与自测生理健康、自测心理健康、健康总体自测呈显著负相关(P<0.01).④孤独感对自测健康状况具有预测作用.结论 农村留守妇女健康总体自测水平偏低;睡眠质量、锻炼时间对农村留守妇女的孤独感有影响;留守妇女的孤独感越高,自测健康状况越差;应积极关注农村留守妇女,提高其身心健康水平.%OBJECTIVE To explore the influence of loneliness on the state of health of countryside left-behind women. METHODS Questionnaire about Self - rated Health Measurement Scale Bersion 1.0, SRHMS and UCLA Loneness Scale were carried out on 330 countryside left-behind women. RESULTS ① There were 36 countryside left-behind women with lower overall health self-test score than the median value of population and the total detection rate was 11.88% ②The loneliness of countryside left-behind women had a statistical significance with sleep quality (F = 6.593, P< 0.001) and exercise time (F = 4.831, P< 0.01). ③There was a remarkable negative correlation between loneliness and self-test physiological health, self-test psychological health, self-test society health as well as overall health self-test (P< 0.001); There was a remarkable negative correlation between age among self-test physiological health, self-test psychological health as well as overall health self-test (P < 0.01). ④Loneliness had

  11. Accessible Knowledge - Knowledge on Accessibility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkeby, Inge Mette

    2015-01-01

    Although serious efforts are made internationally and nationally, it is a slow process to make our physical environment accessible. In the actual design process, architects play a major role. But what kinds of knowledge, including research-based knowledge, do practicing architects make use of when...... designing accessible environments? The answer to the question is crucially important since it affects how knowledge is distributed and how accessibility can be ensured. In order to get first-hand knowledge about the design process and the sources from which they gain knowledge, 11 qualitative interviews...... were conducted with architects with experience of designing for accessibility. The analysis draws on two theoretical distinctions. The first is research-based knowledge versus knowledge used by architects. The second is context-independent knowledge versus context-dependent knowledge. The practitioners...

  12. Open access

    CERN Document Server

    Suber, Peter

    2012-01-01

    The Internet lets us share perfect copies of our work with a worldwide audience at virtually no cost. We take advantage of this revolutionary opportunity when we make our work "open access": digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. Open access is made possible by the Internet and copyright-holder consent, and many authors, musicians, filmmakers, and other creators who depend on royalties are understandably unwilling to give their consent. But for 350 years, scholars have written peer-reviewed journal articles for impact, not for money, and are free to consent to open access without losing revenue. In this concise introduction, Peter Suber tells us what open access is and isn't, how it benefits authors and readers of research, how we pay for it, how it avoids copyright problems, how it has moved from the periphery to the mainstream, and what its future may hold. Distilling a decade of Suber's influential writing and thinking about open access, this is the indispe...

  13. Space Production Based Southern Jiangsu Province Countryside Space Transition%基于空间生产的苏南乡村空间转型及规划应对

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王勇; 李广斌; 王传海

    2012-01-01

    Based on new Marxist space production theory, space production is the essential force of southern Jiangsu countryside space transition. Based on different forces of space production, southern Jiangsu countryside space transition can be divided into countryside dominance, market driven, and government dominance phases. The transition force has shifted from industrial space production to residential space production. With respect to multiple crises of southern Jiangsu countryside space transition, planning should be based on human scale, design space, and democratic approach, for countryside space self governance, and lower negative influence.%基于新马克思主义空间生产理论,对改革开放以来苏南乡村空间转型驱动机制进行剖析可知,空间生产是推动苏南乡村空间转型的根本动力.根据空间生产的动力,将苏南乡村空间转型划分为乡村自主、市场推动和政府主导三个阶段.而乡村空间生产的内容也由“工业空间生产”向“居住空间生产”转变.针对苏南乡村空间转型面临的多重危机,规划应以“人”的尺度审视、设计空间,并以民主形式推动、实现乡村空间的自我管理,以期减小空间生产的负面影响.

  14. 河南省新农村体育文化建设发展环境及动力支持研究%Study on development environment and dynamic support of new countryside sports culture construction in Henan province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘笑舫; 贾东晨

    2011-01-01

    运用专家访谈法和问卷调查法对河南省新农村体育文化建设的发展环境及动力支持进行研究.结果表明:河南省新农村体育文化建设通过省政府和体育主管部门的领导,在乡镇文化工作站和农村社会体育指导员的指导下,向着常态化、科学化和可持续性的方向发展,并呈现出不同的地域特征.同时,中央关于农村建设的政策法规、农民的个人需求、和谐社会建设的本质需要为河南省新农村体育文化建设提供了动力支持.%Using expert interview and questionnaire,the article studied the new countryside sports culture construction conditions and dynamic support in Henan province.The results show that:through government and sports departments of leadership,the new countryside sports is developing towards normality,scientific and sustainability,the direction of the new countryside sports culture faded prototypes.The spiritual demand of peasants,new countryside and the construction of harmonious society provides motive support for new countryside sports culture construction in Henan province.

  15. 发掘利用乡规民约价值提升村级社会治理水平%TExcavation of the Value of Countryside and Local Rules and Regulations to Promote the Level of Village Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓辉

    2016-01-01

    To promote the rule of law comprehensively, we should fully excavate the value of countryside and local rules and regulations, and make them play a role in promoting the level of village management. Countryside and local rules and regulations make a difference in strengthening the village management, villagers'legal consciousness and safeguarding the village fairness and justice and so on. However, there are still some problems, such as some departments neglecting countryside and local rules and the functions of rules differing in village affairs. The essay puts forwards the excavation of the value of countryside and local rules and regulations from the following aspects:the making, the publicizing, the executing and ensuring of countryside and local rules and regulations to promote the level of village management, hoping to serve references for the theory and practice of village management.%全面推进依法治国,要充分发掘乡规民约的价值,有效发挥乡规民约在提升村级社会治理水平中的作用.乡规民约对加强村级社会治理、强化村民法制意识、维护村庄公平正义等发挥着重要作用,但是仍然存在着相关部门对乡规民约重视不够、乡规民约在解决村级事务中发挥作用不一等问题.认为从乡规民约的制定、宣传、执行、监督机制等角度探索发掘乡规民约价值,提升村级基层社会治理水平,以期对探索村级治理工作的理论和实践有所参考.

  16. Information service of medical academic libraries in countryside%医学院校图书馆下乡服务探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张熹

    2013-01-01

    分析了乡镇医院和医生对于系统医学信息服务的迫切需求和医学院校图书馆下乡服务的有利条件及其实施策略,指出了医学院校图书馆下乡服务能够实现图书馆自身建设和乡镇医疗卫生事业发展的共赢。%After an analysis of the urgent need of systematic medical information service in village and township hospitals and doctors and the advantageous conditions for medical academic libraries to provide information service for them, its imple-mentation strategies were proposed and how to promote the construction of libraries and the development of medical cause in villages and townships by providing information service in countryside were pointed out.

  17. Access French

    CERN Document Server

    Grosz, Bernard

    2014-01-01

    Access is the major new language series designed with the needs of today's generation of students firmly in mind. Whether learning for leisure or business purposes or working towards a curriculum qualification, Access French is specially designed for adults of all ages and gives students a thorough grounding in all the skills required to understand, speak, read and write contemporary French from scratch. The coursebook consists of 10 units covering different topic areas, each of which includes Language Focus panels explaining the structures covered and a comprehensive glossary. Learning tips

  18. 社会主义新农村乡风文明建设探索%On the Construction of Socialism New Countryside Local Custom Civilization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘卫琴

    2012-01-01

    Rural custom civilization is the development of a new socialist countryside in the context of rural spiritual civilization. The main body is the farmers; object is characteristic of the times advanced the whole of moral philosophy, a good mental outlook, higher literacy, healthy lifestyle civilization must adhere to the socialist core value system of value - oriented and behavior tant part of building a new socialist countryside. Rural put the truth, persist in taking economic development of farmers. village culture, including and so on. Rural custom guidelines, it is an impor- custom civilization must be based on rural as the backing to achieve a good safeguard realities, the vital we must interests%乡风文明建设是社会主义新农村发展背景下的农村精神文明建设,其主体是农民,客体是体现时代特征的先进村庄文化,内容包括正确的道德观念、良好的精神面貌、较高的文化素养、健康的生活风尚等。乡风文明建设必须坚持以社会主义核心价值体系为价值导向和行为指南。乡风文明是建设社会主义新农村的重要内容和有效途径。乡风文明建设必须立足于农村实际,真情投入,坚持以经济发展为后盾、切实维护农民的利益。

  19. [Evaluation on intervention project of mental health promotion in paid blood donors with HIV/AIDS infected adults in Anhui countryside].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Puyu; Tao, Fangbiao; Sun, Ying; Hao, Jiahu

    2011-05-01

    To evaluate the effect of intervention project of mental health promotion in paid blood donors with AIDS/HIV infected adults in Anhui countryside. About 41 HIV/AIDS infected adults were invited to take part in the intervention project. The project was put into practice by ways of multimedia course and group participation with the handbook of mental health promotion intervention for HIV/AIDS infected adults. All participants (41 intervention objects and 21 control objects) completed an anonymous questionnaire before and after the intervention. Depression, anxiety, self-esteem and coping style were evaluated by Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, Self-Rating Anxiety Scale, Self-Esteem Scale and Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire. There were 35.5% of the 62 blood donors without taking any education. There were 46.7% of them need to partially or completely rely on government grants and loans. Before intervention the rates of depression and anxiety, the scores of positive coping, negative coping and self-esteem were not significantly different between study group and control group (P > 0.05). After intervention the rates of depression and anxiety in study group were lower than those in control group and with significant difference. The scores of positive coping and self-esteem in study group were higher than those in control group, but the score of negative coping was contrary to them (P HIV/AIDS in rural take an active effect on their anxiety symptoms, depressive symptoms, coping style and self-esteem (P HIV/AIDS infected adults in countryside has a good effect. This intervention might be extend to similar population on HIV/AIDS in rural. The influence factor of intervention effect on different psychological character are difference.

  20. Hemodialysis access - self care

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kidney failure - chronic-hemodialysis access; Renal failure - chronic-hemodialysis access; Chronic renal insufficiency - hemodialysis access; Chronic kidney failure - hemodialysis access; Chronic renal failure - ...

  1. Southeast Chongqing Multi- national Area Countryside Teacher Career Development Investigation and Ponder%民族地区农村教砂币专业发展的调查与思考——以渝东南为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓泽军

    2012-01-01

    Plans the city and countryside education comprehensive reform pilot area as the country, Chongqing is devoting comprehensively in implements the city and countryside education overall plan development, its key point is the rural education reforms and develops, but the key lies in the countryside teacher's career development. Southeast Chongqing is Chongqing only national autonomy area, relates Chongqing "a body two wing" the area development strategy and the multi - national area promotion, this cannot leave the city and countryside education overall plan development the comprehensive reform,urgent needs to pay attention to this local countryside teacher's career development fully. This re- search foothold city and countryside education overall plan's macroscopic background and the angle of view, to Chongqing southeast the multi- national area countryside teacher in specialized aspects and so on personality, specialized knowledge, specialized ability, policy safeguard and continuing education have carried on the questionnaire survey and the interview, the research have promulgated southeast on the spot Chongqing the multi - national area countryside teacher career development basic present situation and many realistic questions,and has carried on the corresponding analysis discussion, to promotes the western multinational area countryside teacher career development and the city and country- side education overall plan has certain reference value.%重庆作为国家统筹城乡教育综合改革试验区,正在全面致力于实施城乡教育统筹发展,其重点是农村教育改革和发展,而关键在于农村教师的专业发展。渝东南是重庆市唯一的民族自治地区,关系到重庆市“一体两翼”区域发展战略和民族地区振兴,这离不开城乡教育统筹发展的综合改革,迫切需要充分关注该地区农村教师的专业发展。研究立足城乡教育统筹的宏观背景和视角,对渝东南

  2. 乡村旅游开发设计规划研究——以河南省南召县大石窑村农家游为例%A Study of the Design and Planning of the Countryside Tourism:Exampled on the Countryside Tourism Planning in Dashiyao Village,Nanzhao County,He'nan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘彩玲

    2011-01-01

    乡村游蕴藏着很大的市场潜力,已经开始遍及我国大部分地区.通过旅游产品、重点项目、景观系统、旅游服务设施、民俗娱乐活动、基础配套设施等的设计和规划,以及保障性政策法规制度的制定等,可以全方位地对乡村旅游资源进行因地制宜性的规划和开发,从而打造出具有一定特色的旅游景点.%The countryside tourism has had a very strong market potential and hegun to spread over most regions of our country. By the design and planning of the tourism products, key projects. sightseeing system, tourism service facilities, folk-custom entertainments and basic matched establishment,and through making the policies, rules and systems with assurance, we can plan and develop the countryside tourism resources according to its local conditions in order to build a special tourism scenery spot.

  3. 我国“三农”财政的法律问题探讨%On Legal Issues of the Fiscal Policies of "Agriculture, Countryside and Farmers" in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡小红

    2012-01-01

    It's increasingly urgent to improve the Chinese fiscal legal system while the fiscal input of "agricul ture, countryside and farmers" is constantly enlarged in china. In the respect of fiscal system, our country should improve the legal system of fiscal expenditure responsibility of "agriculture, countryside and farmers", perfect the legal system of fiscal power seperation, enhance the legal system of fiscal transference payment, and ensure the local government's fiscal ability to support "agriculture, countryside and farmers". Meanwhile, the government should also enhance the management system of fiscal input of "agriculture, countryside and farmers". It includes establishing the legal system of macro--policy decision of fiscal input of "agriculture, countryside and farmers", which is to be designed by the top leaders and coordinated as a whole. It also includes establishing the management mechanism of fiscal input of "agriculture, countryside and farmers", whose duty is to be separated and restricted.%随着我国"三农"财政投入的不断加大,完善"三农"财政法律制度日益迫切。在财政体制方面,应当完善"三农"财政支出责任划分法律制度,健全财权划分法律制度,完善财政转移支付法律制度,保障地方政府支持"三农"的财权和财力。同时,还应当完善"三农"财政投入管理法律制度,具体包括:建立"顶层设计、统筹协调"的"三农"财政投入宏观决策法律制度,建立职能分离、分工制约的"三农"财政投入管理法律机制。

  4. 乡村旅游可持续发展研究——以英武山村旅游开发为例%Study of Countryside Tourism Sustainable Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄丽; 李克国; 王佳

    2011-01-01

    运用可持续发展的思想和理论,对乡村旅游可持续发展的概念进行了探讨,指出英武山村旅游业在可持续发展中面临的问题,最后就英武山村旅游的可持续发展提出相关对策和建议.%By dint of thoughts and theories about sustainable development, concepts about countryside tourism sustainable development are discussed. Problems in sustainable development of Yingwushan countryside tourism are pointed out. In the end, relevant countermeasures of sustainable development of tourism are suggested.

  5. Existing Problems in the Services Meteorology Provides in New Countryside Construction in Wuyishan City and Their Countermeasures%武夷山气象为新农村建设服务存在的问题及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张佳晖; 龚华秀; 罗青梅

    2014-01-01

    Based on the status of ser-vices meteorology provides in new coun-tryside construction in Wuyishan City, major restricting factors of meteorological services in the countryside were pro-posed,including low level of technology, poor development awareness of meteoro-logical resources,inadequate investment, lack of an effective disaster alarming and responding system, etc. To improve the capacity and efficiency of meteorological services in building new countryside with protecting agricultural production and farmers’ life and properties as the most important goal.The study provides a basis for further advancing the steady development of the new countryside and reducing the loss caused by meteorologi-cal disasters.%结合武夷山市气象为新农村建设服务的现状,指出当前制约农村气象服务水平的因素主要是气象科技发展和现代化程度不高、农村气候资源的开发利用意识不强、气象事业投入不足、气象灾害预警响应体系建设不完善等。提升气象为新农村建设服务的能力和水平,应当以保障农业生产和农民生命财产安全为主要目标。为减少气象灾害损失,进一步推进武夷山市新农村建设工作的稳步发展提供了依据。

  6. Restricting Factors and Corresponding Strategies of the Floating Labour Force in the Countryside%农村劳动力流动的制约因素及对策建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张燕

    2012-01-01

    The labour force transfers from the countryside to the non-agricuhural industry and the town. This is the general tendency and the inevitable result of industralization, urbanization and agricultural modernization all over the world. In our country the economic structure is typically dual, and in the countryside there are lots of labours. With the rapid development of industralization and urbanization, more and more superfluous labour force will gradually walk out from the countryside. If there isn't any great adjustment in current laws and policies, the phenomenon of lots of farm workers' floating employment between the city and the countryside will last for a long time in our country, and so does a series of problems associated with their work and life.%农村劳动力向非农产业和城镇转移,是世界各国工业化、城镇化的普遍趋势,也是农业现代化的必然要求。我国是典型的--.,-L经济结构,农村劳动力数量众多,在工业化、城镇化加快发展的阶段,越来越多的富余劳动力将逐渐转移出来。如果现行法律政策没有重大调整,大量农民工在城乡之间流动就业的现象在我国将长期存在,农民工在工作和生活上面临的一系列问题也将长期存在。

  7. 农村居民体育消费意愿的影响因素分析——以苏北地区为例%Influencing Factors of Countryside Resident Sports Consumption Intentionin Northern Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小垒

    2012-01-01

    在对苏北5市农村家庭深入调查的基础上,运用Logit模型对农村居民体育消费意愿的影响因素进行计量分析,认为家庭人均生活支出、家庭人均收入、家庭人数、家庭教育开支、个体年龄、性别、个人消费经历、个人当前的收入水平对农民体育消费意愿有显著的影响。%On the basis of the in-depth survey of countryside families in five cities of Northern Jiangsu Province,applying the Logit pattern to analyse the influencing factors of countryside resident sports consumption intention,the paper indicates that they have significant influences in countryside resident sports consumption intention is greatly influenced by per capita living expense,per capita income,the number of family members,family education expenditure,individual age,gender,personal consumption experience and individual current income level.

  8. The Paths of China' s Agricultural E-commerce Development under the Construction of New Socialist Countryside%新农村建设下我国农业电子商务发展路径研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卫明; 廖丹萍

    2011-01-01

    社会主义新农村建设是解决“三农”问题的重要途径,加快新农村建设的重要基础是农业现代化的实现,农业电子商务是促进农业现代化进程的重要手段.首先给出了农业电子商务的含义和发展农业电子商务的意义,然后分析了我国农业电子商务的发展现状,并找出了存在的问题,最后提出了新农村建设下我国农业电子商务发展的路径.%Building a new socialist countryside is an important way to solve the "Agriculture, Rural, Fanner" issue. The realization of agricultural modernization is an important basis to accelerate the new countryside building. Agricultural E-commerce is an important mean to promote agricultural modernization process. Firstly, this paper gives the meaning of Agricultural E-commerce and the significance of developing Agricultural E-commerce. Then, it analyzes the current situation of Agricultural E-commerce development and finds some problems. Lastly, it proposes the paths to develop Agricultural-Ecommerce under the construction of the new socialist countryside.

  9. Managing competition in the countryside: Non-profit and for-profit perceptions of long-term care in rural Ontario.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skinner, Mark W; Rosenberg, Mark W

    2006-12-01

    This paper contributes to the current debates surrounding private delivery of health care services by addressing the distinctive challenges, constraints and opportunities facing for-profit and non-profit providers of long-term care in rural and small town settings. It focuses on the empirical case of Ontario, Canada where extensive restructuring of long-term care, under the rubric of managed competition, has been underway since the mid-1990s. In-depth interviews with 72 representatives from local governments, public health institutions and authorities, for-profit and non-profit organisations, and community groups during July 2003 to December 2003 form the platform for a qualitative analysis of the implications of managed competition as it relates to the provision of long-term care in the countryside. The results suggest that the introduction and implementation of managed competition has accentuated the problems of service provision in rural communities, and that the long-standing issues of caregiving in rural situations transcend the differences, perceived or otherwise, between for-profit and non-profit provision. Understanding the implications of market-oriented long-term care restructuring initiatives for providers, and their clients, in rural situations requires a re-focussing of research beyond the for- versus non-profit dichotomy.

  10. ACCESSIBLE BUILT ENVIRONMENT FOR THE ELDERLY AND DISABLED IN MALAYSIA: HOTELS AS CASE STUDIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asiah Abdul Rahim

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In Malaysia, it has become of increasing importance to study ways to improve the level of accessibility in buildings for the elderly and disabled people in the built environment, especially in hotels and resorts. The methods used in this study to identify areas to improve are access audits, table research and interviews. The data from these studies are analysed using a descriptive analysis based on access audits, observations, plan analysis, photographs and questionnaires. Access audits were carried out in two hotels and resorts in July and November 2007 in selected areas of East Malaysia. The selected hotels and resorts were constructed in the 1980s; one is located at the countryside and the other in the city centre. The findings will allow the building provider to upgrade existing facilities in order to accommodate accessible built environment for the elderly and disabled people. This will allow the elderly and disabled people to move freely, safely and being more easily integrated with the society in areas of public building and public spaces.

  11. 新疆农村改水新技术%New Techniques Adopted in Water Supply Projects in the Countryside of Xinjiang Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋士海; 努尔斯曼·艾山; 毛野

    2001-01-01

    对新疆维吾尔自治区农村改水工程中广泛应用的新技术从基本原理、运用条件和优点等方面进行总结.获国家发明专利的曼苏尔井是一种新型免维护自流井,具有低投入、长寿命、高效益等优点;经过改进和优化的深井手动泵特别适合于居住分散、缺水少电的农牧区;降氟综合技术能够有效地降低饮用水的氟含量;电渗析法则可变苦咸水为甘泉.采用大地电阻率测量等地质物探新技术有力地保障了选取优质水源.%New techniques adopted in water supply projects in the countryside of Xinjiang Autonomous Region have been summarized from the basic principles, application conditions and advantages concerned. The Mansul Well that holds a patent is an artesian well with low investment but high benefit and a long service life without special maintenance. Through improvement, a new type of hand pump used for deep well is suitable for the regions with scattered residents, but without surface water and electric energy. The synthetic fluoride-reducing technology can reduce the contents of fluoride in drinking water effectively. The electric dialysis method could turn bitter water into sweet spring water. Some new physical reconnoiter techniques, such as the measurement of geotectonic resistivity, are powerful safeguard in the selection of good water sources.

  12. Reflections on Geographical Culture Protection in the Building of New Countryside for Southeastern Minorities%西南少数民族新农村建设中对地域文化保护的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张琦

    2011-01-01

    The building of geographical culture is an important part in the building of socialist new countryside. How to protect and construct the geographical culture of minorities becomes a significant research project which is expected to solve the problems in the building of new countryside for southeastern minorities. The building of socialist new countryside is both the opportunity and the challenge to protect the minority village culture. We should insist on taking the viewpoint of scientific development as the guideline, attach an importance to the protection of geographical culture, and pro- mote "construction" and "protection" to have sustainable development.%地域文化建设是社会主义新农村建设的重要组成部分,如何正确的保护和建设好少数民族地域文化,是西南地区新农村建设亟待解决的一个重大研究课题,社会主义新农村建设,对少数民族村落文化景观保护既是机遇又是挑战。我们必须坚持以科学发展观为指导,在新农村建设中高度重视地域文化的保护,促进“建设”与“保护”共同可持续发展。

  13. Design Patterns of Rural Highway Landscape Based on the Beautiful Countryside Construction%美丽乡村建设下乡村公路景观设计模式初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐文杰; 徐文辉; 陈琦

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, "the beautiful countryside building action" has get a positive response from all over the country.As the carrier to show regional characteristics, rural roads landscape is the important component elements for beautiful countryside building, and it increasingly becoming the focus of attention.Through research on existing theory and results of domestic road landscape design, this paper briefly analyzes the importance and existing condition of rural highway landscape, discusses the rural road landscape design principles, and summarizes several patterns for the future construction of rural highway landscape design in the process of beautiful countryside.%近年来,“美丽乡村建设行动”得到了全国各地的积极响应,乡村公路景观作为展示乡村地域特色的载体,是美丽乡村建设行动中重要的组成元素,日益成为人们关注的焦点。通过研究国内道路景观设计现有的理论和成果,简要分析了乡村公路景观的重要性及现状,探讨了乡村公路景观设计原则,总结了乡村公路景观设计的几种模式,为今后乡村公路景观设计提供初略的方法。

  14. 我国统筹城乡发展的财税政策研究%Study on Finance and Tax Policy in the Perspective of Holistic Development of City and Countryside in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙正林; 贾琳

    2014-01-01

    随着改革的进一步深化,我国城乡二元经济结构问题更加凸显,已然成为新世纪我国经济社会发展的时代特征和主要矛盾。近年来,国家高度重视统筹城乡发展,将“缩小城乡差距,促进城乡一体化建设”作为“十二五”期间重要工作内容。通过对我国统筹城乡发展现状进行分析,结合财税政策在此发展过程中所发挥的作用,以宏观视角来探析城乡二元经济结构中存在的财税政策问题,并提出相应的对策及合理化建议。%With further development of reform, the dualistic economic structure of city and country-side is problematic, which is the feature and main contradiction in the economic and social develop-ment in China in the new century. In recent years, our country pays attention to the holistic develop-ment of the city and the countryside and has“shortening the gap between the city and the country-side, improving the integrated construction”as the main content in the“twelfth five-year plan”. Based on the analysis of the current development with the role finance and tax policy plays in the process, probes the existing problems in finance and tax policy in the dualistic economic structure in the macro perspective and puts forward relevant strategy and reasonable suggestion.

  15. Analysis on screen results of cervical cancer for 2 739 women in fishing village and countryside%渔农村妇女2739人宫颈癌筛选结果的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周悠燕

    2011-01-01

    Objective To analysis the screen results of cervical cancer and improve prevention for women with cervical cancer in fishing village and countryside. Method Analyze the information on cervical cancer for 2739 women in fishing village and countryside. Analyze the relation between age, marriage, education level, medical insurance, economic conditions and positive screen result of cervical cancer. Result 51 of 2739 women show positive results. Women with older age, lower education level and poorer economic conditions tend to have a higher rate of positive result. Conclusion Enhancing health education for women with cervical cancer in fishing village and countryside can improve the early detection, early diagnosis and early treatment of cervical cancer.%目的 分析渔农村妇女宫颈癌筛选的结果,提出对策.方法 对渔农村妇女 2 739 人的宫颈癌筛选资料进行分析,了解渔农村妇女年龄、婚姻状况、文化程度、医疗保险及经济状况与宫颈癌筛选阳性之间关系.结果 2 739 人中,宫颈癌筛选阳性检出 51 人,年龄越大阳性检出率越高,文化程度越低、经济状况越差阳性检出率越高.结论 加强渔农村妇女保健及健康教育工作,促使宫颈癌早发现、早诊断、早治疗.

  16. Standards for the Estimation of Tourism Carrying Capacity of Countryside Wetland Parks%郊野湿地公园旅游环境容量测算标准构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张桦; 储九志

    2013-01-01

    Based on differences among geographic locations, Wetland Parks were divided into 3 types of city, suburban and countryside. A special function of the countryside wetland parks is tourism support. By reviewing the first batch of National Wetland Parks and taking into account of results from relevant studies, an indicators system for the tourism capacity of countryside wetland parks was developed. Standards for estimating the tourism carrying capacity was developed by integrating other relevant standards through questionnaires. The standards covers carrying capacities in 5 major aspects: ecology, resources, psychological, facilities and management capacity, including a total of 18 elements. The standards provided a good foundation for further studies.%基于地理位置差异将湿地公园分为城市、城郊与郊野3类,探讨郊野湿地公园承担旅游功能所具有的特殊性,通过对首批国家湿地公园的梳理,结合相关研究成果,提出郊野湿地公园旅游环境容量测算的指标体系,在此基础上采用相关标准指标,通过问卷调研等方法构建其测算标准.测算标准包括旅游环境容量中的生态、资源、心理、设施及管理5大容量,共计18项因子,为其测算研究提供良好基础.

  17. 农村宅基地有偿退出机制的立法探讨%Discussion about the legislation of the compensation exit mechanism of the countryside homestead

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何祖普

    2013-01-01

      农村宅基地制度是直接关系到数亿农民生存和农村社会稳定的基本制度。但在实践中,农村宅基地使用权制度的运行却不尽如人意,出现了宅基地面积超标、住宅闲置现象普遍、宅基地隐形交易等一系列问题。法律法规的不完善是造成农村宅基地无序使用的主要原因,有法不依和执法不严则加剧了这种无序,而农村宅基地有偿退出机制的缺失则使这种无序找不到疏导的出口。建立激励机制和约束机制为核心的农村宅基地有偿退出机制是解决当前中国农村宅基地利用中存在问题的有效途径。%  The rural homestead system is directly related to the basic system of hundreds of millions of farmers' survival and social stability in rural areas. But in practice,countryside homestead right of use system operation is not just as one wishes,a series of problems of homestead area exceed the standard,housing idle phenomenon,homestead invisible transactions. Laws and regulations are not perfect is the main reason causing the countryside homestead right of use of the disorder,weak and lax enforcement of the law is exacerbated by the disorder,and the lack of rural homestead paid exit mechanism makes this kind of disorder can't find the exit counseling. Establishing incentive mechanism and constraint mechanism is the core of the countryside homestead exit mechanism is the solution to the current China paid the countryside homestead right of use of effective approaches to the problem of.

  18. Characterization of the energetic consumption habits in communities in the countryside area of Amazon State concerning energetic planning; Perfil dos habitos de consumo de energeticos em comunidades do interior do Estado do Amazonas para fins de planejamento energetico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Souza, Rubem C.R.; Santos Conserva, Auricelia dos; Muniz, Marcos W.C. [Amazonas Univ., Manaus, AM (Brazil)

    1996-12-31

    To outline an energetic politic to Amazons State is a difficult task considering the enormous peculiarities of the region. In order to do so it is necessary to elaborate an energy balance of the state. This paper aims to help in this procedure by performing the characterization of the energetic consumption habits of small communities in the countryside area of the above named state. Four different representative cities were studied in concerning of its socio-economical and energetic characteristics. It was concluded that parameters such as demographic density, familiar income, energy sources, etc. are to be considered during the elaboration of the state energy balance 6 refs., 1 tab.

  19. VT Limited Access Highways

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — A limited-access road, known by various terms worldwide, including limited-access highway, dual carriageway, expressway, and partial controlled access highway, is a...

  20. Fishing Access Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — The Vermont Fish & Wildlife Department maintains developed fishing access areas. These sites provide public access to waters in Vermont for shore fishing...

  1. Access to childbirth care by adolescents and young people in the Northeastern region of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Érida Zoé Lustosa Furtado

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To identify the factors that interfere with the access of adolescents and young people to childbirth care for in the Northeast region of Brazil. METHODS Cross-sectional study with 3,014 adolescents and young people admitted to the selected maternity wards to give birth in the Northeast region of Brazil. The sample design was probabilistic, in two stages: the first corresponded to the health establishments and the second to women who had recently given birth and their babies. The data was collected by means of interviews and consulting the hospital records, from pre-tested electronic form. Descriptive statistics were used for the univariate analysis, Pearson’s Chi-square test for the bivariate analysis and multiple logistic regressions for the multivariate analysis. Sociodemographic variables, obstetrical history, and birth care were analyzed. RESULTS Half of the adolescents and young people interviewed had not been given guidance on the location that they should go to when in labor, and among those who had, 23.5% did not give birth in the indicated health service. Furthermore, one third (33.3% had to travel in search of assisted birth, and the majority (66.7% of the postpartum women came to maternity by their own means. In the bivariate analysis, the variables marital status, paid work, health insurance, number of previous pregnancies, parity, city location, and type of health establishment showed a significant association (p < 0.20 with inadequate access to childbirth care. The multivariate analysis showed that married adolescents and young people (p < 0.015, with no health insurance (p < 0.002 and from the countryside (p < 0.001 were more likely to have inadequate access to childbirth care. CONCLUSIONS Adolescents and young women, married, without health insurance, and from the countryside are more likely to have inadequate access to birth care. The articulation between outpatient care and birth care can improve this

  2. JISC Open Access Briefing Paper

    OpenAIRE

    Swan, Alma

    2005-01-01

    What Open Access is. What Open Access is not. How is Open Access provided? Open Access archives or repositories. Open Access journals. Why should authors provide Open Access to their work? Further information and resources

  3. JISC Open Access Briefing Paper

    OpenAIRE

    Swan, Alma

    2005-01-01

    What Open Access is. What Open Access is not. How is Open Access provided? Open Access archives or repositories. Open Access journals. Why should authors provide Open Access to their work? Further information and resources

  4. 农村初中语文作业有效性研究%Effective Research in Countryside Junior Middle School on Chinese Homework

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄阳光

    2014-01-01

    作业是语文教学的重要环节之一,是课堂教学的延续和补充,是学生巩固基础知识、形成基本技能的主要途径,是教师监控学生掌握知识程度的依据,同时也是实施素质教育、进行课程改革的重要载体。《语文新课程标准》指出:“重视学生读书、写作、口语交际、搜集处理信息等语文实践,提倡多读多写,改变机械、粗糙、繁琐的作业方式,让学生在语文实践中学习,学会学习。”但是,在农村初中的语文作业中,还存在许多问题,很多年前就在喊的“减负”还是流于形式,学生的负担并没有减轻。%Homework is one of the important link of Chinese teaching, is the extension and complement of classroom teaching and students to consolidate the basic knowledge, can form the main way to basic skills, teachers monitor students to master the degree of basis knowledge, as well as the implementation of quality education, the important carrier of curriculum reform.“Language new curriculum standard”pointed out:attaches great importance to the students’reading, writing, oral communication, to collect process information, such as the language practice,“advocates the read write, change the way of machinery, rough, tedious work, lets the student to learn the language in the language practice, earning to learn.”But in the countryside junior middle school Chinese homework, there exist many problems, many years ago in shout"burden"have become a mere formality. In fact it didn’t lessen the burden of students.

  5. Prospect on reform and development issues of Countryside finance%农村金融改革与发展问题展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马文明

    2012-01-01

    With the increasing developments of our rural financing institutions, the condition of rural finance market has a great influence on the economic development of society and agricultural loans gain a tendency to increase step by step. Meanwhile, the financial industry and financial services are keeping going innovatively and the foundation of credit system in rural financing market and Payment system need more progress. Therefore, we could prove a great foundation for creating a new socialist countryside if we fundamentally guarantee continuing development of financing institution. To address the new problem and condition involving rural finance innovation, we need efficient tax policy and finance policy to improve Modernization level of rural finance. We would accomplish the fundamental goal of stabilizing the rural financing market through perfect mechanism, improving services.%农村金融对农村经济社会发展具有重要的作用,随着我国农村金融机构的不断增加,涉农贷款呈现逐步增长的态势,金融产业和金融服务不断创新,农村金融的信用体系建设和支付体系建设需要进一步的改善,从根本上保证金融机构的可持续发展能力不断提升,为建设社会主义新农村创造良好的条件。针对农村金融改革过程中面临的新情况、新问题,需要采取有效的财税政策和金融政策,提升农村金融的现代化水平,通过完善机制、提升服务达到稳定农村金融市场的根本目标。

  6. 农村宅基地抵押试点运行机制研究%Operation Mechanism for Experimental Mortgage of House Sites in the Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱凌珂

    2014-01-01

    现行农村宅基地使用权抵押试点分别以财产流转性收益和农村金融市场扩展为抵押主题,采取农民房屋所有权并附属宅基地使用权间接抵押和宅基地使用权直接抵押两种模式,多种类型。试点宅基地使用权抵押融资存在抵押权合法性、抵押物处置效力的法律风险。宅基地使用权抵押应遵循适合我国土地政策和农民利益需求的合理途径,完善抵押登记制度;宅基地使用权转让应适度市场化运作,其受让后的宅基地使用权期限界定为30年为宜。%Currently , there are two themes of experimental mortgage of right to use house sites in the cou-ntryside , one is income of transferring property , and the other expanding rural financial market .There are two experimental models and several types , one is indirect mortgage of ownership of farmers ’ house and affiliated right to use house sites , and the other direct mortgage of right to use house sites .Experimental mortgage finan-cing of right to use house sites may take such legal risks as mortgage legitimacy and the disposal of the mort -gaged property .Mortgage of right to use house sites should follow the reasonable ways that fit land policies in our country and the interest of the farmers .Improve the system of mortgage registration , and abide by market-oriented operation on transferring right to use house sites .It is suggested that the time for transferee ’ s right to use house sites shall be 30 years advisably .

  7. Desenvolvimento e testes de uma semeadora-adubadora modular para pequenas propriedades rurais Development and test of a modular seeder - fertilizer for small countryside properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas Arend

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho apresenta o desenvolvimento e testes de campo de equipamento agrícola modular. Para o desenvolvimento do equipamento, foi utilizada metodologia de projeto para sistemas modulares. O objetivo principal foi desenvolver um sistema modular que contribuísse para melhorar o atual quadro de mecanização agrícola da pequena propriedade rural, enfocando alguns dos equipamentos destinados às atividades conservacionistas de cultivo. Por ser modular, o equipamento atende às funções de semear-adubar, escarificar e sulcar o solo. Para a função semear-adubar, podem ser usados cinzéis e disco duplo para a semeadura; já para as funções de escarificação e sulcagem, podem ser usadas ferramentas específicas, facilmente intercambiadas em um chassi tubular principal. Os resultados para solo argiloso (Typic Oxisols, com umidade em torno de 20,5% e massa seca de 11,5 t ha-1 para a variante semeadora-adubadora com duplo cinzel, foram satisfatórios com relação aos parâmetros de patinagem das rodas motoras, regularidade de distribuição em profundidade, cobertura das sementes, distribuição longitudinal das sementes e emergência de plantas.This work presents the development and field tests of a modular agricultural implement. A Modular Design Product methodology was used for the implement development, and the main objective was the development of a modular system to improve the actual situation of mechanization on small countryside properties. The development focus was kept on some implements for conservative cultivation. For its modularity, the implement developed attained the functions of seeding - fertilizing, scarification and furrowing the soil. For the function of seeding-fertilizing can be used either narrow chisels or double disc, for the furrowing function a specific tool can be used. The main tubular chassis allowed an easily interchangeability between both functions (seed-season and furrow-season. The results for Typical

  8. 新农村建设的实施机制及其组织治理%The Operation Mechanism and Organization Institution Innovation of the New Countryside Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张日新; 潘光辉

    2011-01-01

    Under the inclusive growth background,the new countryside construction and urbanization will have more orchestration and interaction.This process requests the change and innovation in the traditional organization system and improves the new organization system and mechanism safeguard for the flow of rural labor,land and capital.Therefore,the effective implementation of new countryside construction depends on the innovation of agricultural industry organization,agricultural farmer cooperative organizations and rural governance mechanism,and do not just focus on how to increase the financial investment and government's active promotion.%在包容性增长的背景下,新农村建设与城镇化将具有更多的统筹与互动。这一过程要求对传统的组织制度进行变更与创新,为农村劳动力流动、土地流动、资金流动提高新的组织制度和机制保障,因此,新农村建设有效实施机制有赖于农业产业组织、农民合作组织和农村治理机制三大领域的创新,而不是仅仅着眼于如何加大财政投入和政府积极推动。

  9. A Study on the Value and the Realization of Ideological and Political Education in Countryside at Present%论当前农村思想政治教育的价值及其实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴凤庭

    2011-01-01

    The ideological and political education in countryside is crucial to the overall reform and development.Meanwhile, it is also the weak point of the ideological and political education of Communist party.Therefore, it is realistically meaningful to analyze and interpret its nature and characteristics, to analyze the current situation and to study how to realize the value of the ideological and political education in countryside from the perspective of value.%农村思想政治教育事关改革发展全局,同时又是党思想政治教育的薄弱环节.从价值论的角度分析、梳理和诠释农村思想政治教育价值的本质和特征,分析现状以及探索当前农村思想政治教育价值的实现,具有重要的现实意义.

  10. CERN Access Cards and Access Authorisations

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    From the 01/05/2003, all problems relating to access cards and refusal of access to any zone, building or experiment within CERN must be addressed to the Centrale de Surveillance des Accès (CSA building 120) on 78877 or send an e-mail to Access.Surveillance@cern.ch. The responsibles for CERN access control have put into place a procedure with the CSA, Service Enregistrement and the Technical Control Room, to make sure that all problems get resolved in a proper and timely manner.

  11. Accessibility and sensory experiences

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ryhl, Camilla

    2010-01-01

    This article introduces a new design concept; sensory accessibility. While acknowledging the importance of sensory experiences in architectural quality, as well as the importance of accommodating user needs the concept combines three equally important factors; architecture, the senses and accessi......This article introduces a new design concept; sensory accessibility. While acknowledging the importance of sensory experiences in architectural quality, as well as the importance of accommodating user needs the concept combines three equally important factors; architecture, the senses...... and accessibility. Sensory accessibility accommodates aspects of a sensory disability and describes architectural design requirements needed to ensure access to architectural experiences. In the context of architecture accessibility has become a design concept of its own. It is generally described as ensuring...... physical access to the built environment by accommodating physical disabilities. While the existing concept of accessibility ensures the physical access of everyone to a given space, sensory accessibility ensures the choice of everyone to stay and be able to participate and experience....

  12. Research on Risk Assessment of Unified Market of Construction Land between Urban and Countryside%关于建立城乡统一建设用地市场的风险评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王欢; 杨学成

    2016-01-01

    This paper recognizes and evaluates the risk of the unified market of construction land between urban and country-side quantitatively by using the method of analytic hierarchy process and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation according to a expert survey. The results showed that:(1)There are 5 dominant risk in the progress of the unified market of construction land be-tween urban and countryside, the sequence of the importance degree is: the risk of assault to the estate market, the risk of aggrieving the rights and interests of the farmers, the risk of weakening the efforts of the national macro-control, the risk of impairing the management effectiveness of the government, the risk of threatening the national food security.(2)The 5 the greatest risks in the index layer are the risk of cutting down the housing prices, the risk of the countryside homestead losing the function of social security, the risk of aggrieving the rights and interests of the farmers causing by information asymmetry, the risk of losing of control of land management by the governments, the risk of exacerbating the debt crisis of local govern-ments.(3)The systematic risk of the unified market of construction land between urban and countryside is 0.39, that is rela-tively low, and in a controllable condition. For the assessment result, we could take the necessary measures in order to pro-vide decision support for the healthy development of the unified market of construction land between urban and countryside.%运用层次分析法与模糊分析法,根据专家调查问卷的数据对我国建立城乡统一建设用地市场的风险进行识别与定量评估.研究结果表明:(1)建立城乡统一建设用地市场的风险主要有五个,其相对严重程度由高到低依次为房地产市场受冲击的风险、农民权益受侵害的风险、削弱国家宏观调控的风险、政府管理效益受损的风险、危及国家粮食安全的风险.(2)指标层中风险较大的五个风险依

  13. World Wide Access: Accessible Web Design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Washington Univ., Seattle.

    This brief paper considers the application of "universal design" principles to Web page design in order to increase accessibility for people with disabilities. Suggestions are based on the World Wide Web Consortium's accessibility initiative, which has proposed guidelines for all Web authors and federal government standards. Seven guidelines for…

  14. Property development in the countryside

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Esben Munk; Mouritsen, Anne Kristine Munk; Staunstrup, Jan K.

    2004-01-01

    In Denmark rural areas is undergoing af rapid change from pure agriculture and forest to a mix between still bigger industrial farms and properties and small holdings for housing only, parttime farming and small industries in former agricultural buildings. In the seventies the national policy...... in transformation of ownership to land and properties. Field studies have documented how the individual expanding farmers acts strategically in the local battle of more land to build up a still more productive and efficient agricultural enterprise. The raising demand for land is also catalysed by the new land...

  15. Reviving Education In the Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yin Pumin

    2013-01-01

    Breathing new life into rural schools The Rongsheng Hope Primary School has witnessed a sharp drop in enrollment, declining from 180 students to only 30 in just three short years. Once upon a time, this school in a remote village in northwest China's Gansu Province catered to children up to grade

  16. Foreign Students in the Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    ??THE pearl raisers at Shanxiahu Town inZhejiang Province welcomed the two youngCuban women who arrived to leam how toraise artificial pearls by giving each of them aChinese name — Ah Zhen and Ah Zhu (bothmeaning "pearls" in Chinese). Ah Zhen, 30 years old, was a graduatefrom the Oriental University of Cuba with aDoctorate degree in veterinary studies, whileAh Zhu was a 28 year-old graduate fromHavana University with a Doctorate inbiology. The two Cuban women had come toChina to learn the art of artificial pearl raising

  17. Access Nets: Modeling Access to Physical Spaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frohardt, Robert; Chang, Bor-Yuh Evan; Sankaranarayanan, Sriram

    Electronic, software-managed mechanisms using, for example, radio-frequency identification (RFID) cards, enable great flexibility in specifying access control policies to physical spaces. For example, access rights may vary based on time of day or could differ in normal versus emergency situations. With such fine-grained control, understanding and reasoning about what a policy permits becomes surprisingly difficult requiring knowledge of permission levels, spatial layout, and time. In this paper, we present a formal modeling framework, called AccessNets, suitable for describing a combination of access permissions, physical spaces, and temporal constraints. Furthermore, we provide evidence that model checking techniques are effective in reasoning about physical access control policies. We describe our results from a tool that uses reachability analysis to validate security policies.

  18. Professional Access 2013 programming

    CERN Document Server

    Hennig, Teresa; Hepworth, George; Yudovich, Dagi (Doug)

    2013-01-01

    Authoritative and comprehensive coverage for building Access 2013 Solutions Access, the most popular database system in the world, just opened a new frontier in the Cloud. Access 2013 provides significant new features for building robust line-of-business solutions for web, client and integrated environments.  This book was written by a team of Microsoft Access MVPs, with consulting and editing by Access experts, MVPs and members of the Microsoft Access team. It gives you the information and examples to expand your areas of expertise and immediately start to develop and upgrade projects. Exp

  19. 农村民间宗教的传播镜像——以华北地区农村基督教传播为例%Countryside folk Religion Dissemination Mirror Image——Take North China Countryside Christianity as the Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹广文

    2012-01-01

    在农村经济社会发展的同时,面对日益变迁的社会环境,农民的精神生活却进一步的空虚化,加之基督教本土化之后其本身对民众的吸引,使得在华北农村地区基督教徒增长迅速。家庭灌输、礼拜传道及乡间聚会成为基督教在华北农村的传播的基本形式,民间宗教在华北农村的发展过程中不仅对农民个体产生了很大的影响,而且也在潜移默化中促进了农村社会新秩序的构建和社会的重新整合。%With the development of rural economy and society,social environment is changing step by step,farmers’ spiritual life become vacuous further,moreover,people are attracted by Christianity after the Christian religion was localizad,so that Christian in the North China countryside area grow rapidly.Family instillation,worship and preaching Christianity as well as making up parties has become the basic form of propagation in northeast rural areas,civil religion not only had a great impact on individuals in the process of rural development in North China,but also unconsciously promote construction and social reintegration in a new social order in rural areas.

  20. Analysis of the existing medical resources in the countryside bases on VCT service%基于农村现有医疗资源的VCT服务

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈斌

    2014-01-01

    艾滋病的临床症状多种多样,一般初期的开始症状像流感,伤风、发热、食欲减退、体重减轻,随着病情的加重,全身疲劳无力症状日渐增多,如黏膜、皮肤出现白色念球菌感染,带状疱疹、单纯疱疹、血疱、血肿、紫斑、滞血斑,皮肤容易损伤,伤后出血不止;以后渐渐侵犯内脏器官,不断出现原因不明的持续性发热,可长达3~4个月;还可出现肝脾肿大、持续性腹泻、便血,并发呼吸困难、气短、咳嗽、恶性肿瘤等。在我国艾滋病疫情在逐年增加,扩展领域逐年加大,尤其是在农村地区,其形势严峻,感染人数众多。本文针对我国农村地区艾滋病问题,结合艾滋病的病理特点,对其进行分析并提出预防措施和对策,进而降低农村地区艾滋病的感染率,减轻艾滋病对人们的危害,提高人们的生活质量和生活水平。%AIDS of clinical symptoms variety, general early of began symptoms like cold, flu, body fatigue, appetite de-crease, fever, weight reduce, with illness of aggravated, symptoms grew increased, as skin, and stick skin appeared white read cocci infection, simple herpes, banded herpes, purple spot, hematoma, blood blister, delay spot, skin easy injury, bleeding more after hurt; gradually violations visceral organ, constantly appeared causes unknown of continued sex fever, for 3~4 months;also can appear persistent diarrhea, blood in the stool, hepatosplenomegaly, complicated with malignant tumors, respiratory difficulties, and so on. The HIV/AIDS epidemic in our country increased, expand cooper-ation areas gradually increased, especially for those living in the countryside, the situation was grim, the number of in-fections was large. In view of AIDS in rural China, combined with the characteristic of AIDS cases, to analyze and pro-pose preventive measures and countermeasures and thereby reducing HIV infection rates in rural areas

  1. Design for Accessibility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herriott, Richard

    2012-01-01

    A report on how nine rail builder, operators and transport designers deal with design for accessibility......A report on how nine rail builder, operators and transport designers deal with design for accessibility...

  2. Ontology Based Access Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özgü CAN

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available As computer technologies become pervasive, the need for access control mechanisms grow. The purpose of an access control is to limit the operations that a computer system user can perform. Thus, access control ensures to prevent an activity which can lead to a security breach. For the success of Semantic Web, that allows machines to share and reuse the information by using formal semantics for machines to communicate with other machines, access control mechanisms are needed. Access control mechanism indicates certain constraints which must be achieved by the user before performing an operation to provide a secure Semantic Web. In this work, unlike traditional access control mechanisms, an "Ontology Based Access Control" mechanism has been developed by using Semantic Web based policies. In this mechanism, ontologies are used to model the access control knowledge and domain knowledge is used to create policy ontologies.

  3. Physical Access Control Database -

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — This data set contains the personnel access card data (photo, name, activation/expiration dates, card number, and access level) as well as data about turnstiles and...

  4. 区域旅游开发与城乡协调发展的内在影响研究%Research on Harmonizing Development Between City and Countryside and Regional Tourism Exploitation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘长生; 简玉峰

    2012-01-01

    By using the generalized entropy index, the article deeply decomposes the disparities of city-countryside development of sub-national, eastern, middle and western China, the paper establishes static and dynamic panel data model of inner affecting mechanism between tourism industry exploitation and harmonizing development, and demonstration reveals: disparities of city-countryside development in China are very great, and with a trend of expending. The disparities mainly are derived from difference of among regions, which is increasing with time passing. The disparities of interior regions are comparatively less, and which is decreasing. Tourism industry exploitation provides many employment and investment opportunity for countryside villager, and brings about corresponding working and investing income for them, and brings about big positive effect for urban-rural coordinated development. However, the effect takes on notability difference among eastern, middle and western area. Capital asserts have a smaller effect on urban-rural coordinated development than employment.%利用广义熵指数对中国城乡协调发展的不均衡性进行测度与分解,构建区域旅游产业开发与城乡协调发展的内在影响机制的静态与动态面板计量模型,并进行实证计量分析,结果显示:旅游产业开发吸收了大量乡村居民从事非农业劳动和参与相关旅游项目投资,获得相应的劳动收入与投资性收益,对城乡协调均衡发展有较大的积极影响,但这种影响存在显著的地区差异性。旅游产业固定资产投资对城乡协调发展的影响相对较小,而劳动就业对城乡协调发展的影响相对较大。

  5. The Study of the Healthy Level and the Physical Education of the Children Left in the Chinese Poor Countryside Area%农村留守儿童健康水平及体育干预研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓

    2013-01-01

    T his paper studies some articles talked about the healthy level and the living conditions .On these research bases ,in order to study what the function and effect would be of the Children left by the poor countryside area by the education intervention . this paper designs a system of the intervention to practice .T he conclusion of this article show s that :most of the children are raised by Grandparents Guard-ianship ;Most of the Children do not have a healthy lifestyle and no physical training idea ;Among these children the article studies ,9 .69% of them have psychological disadvantage ,60% above of them have psy-chological problems .The experiment result of the Physical education intervention shows that :it will grad-ually increase the participate sense ,distinctively decrease the depression ,the fear ,the anxiety ,the cranki-ness ,the social adjustment factor ,and the total number of mental health (P< 0 .01) .The result shows that the intervention also remarkably increase the mental healthy level .Therefore ,this article recom-mends :the government should try to perfect the physical education facilities in the countryside area ,solve the problem of the lack of physical teachers ,set up the public physical training service system in the coun-tryside ,in order to create a better physical training condition for the children .%农村留守儿童身心健康存在不少问题,基本没有形成良好的生活习惯和体育健身意识。通过体育干预,农村留守儿童的心理健康水平明显提高。建议政府继续改善山区学校的体育设施,解决体育师资短缺问题,加快农村体育公共服务体系的建设,为留守儿童创造良好的体育生活条件。

  6. Access Control Enforcement Testing

    OpenAIRE

    El Kateb, Donia; Elrakaiby, Yehia; Mouelhi, Tejeddine; Le Traon, Yves

    2012-01-01

    A policy-based access control architecture com- prises Policy Enforcement Points (PEPs), which are modules that intercept subjects access requests and enforce the access decision reached by a Policy Decision Point (PDP), the module implementing the access decision logic. In applications, PEPs are generally implemented manually, which can introduce errors in policy enforcement and lead to security vulnerabilities. In this paper, we propose an approach to systematically test and validate the co...

  7. Pro Access 2010 Development

    CERN Document Server

    Collins, Mark

    2011-01-01

    Pro Access 2010 Development is a fundamental resource for developing business applications that take advantage of the features of Access 2010 and the many sources of data available to your business. In this book, you'll learn how to build database applications, create Web-based databases, develop macros and Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) tools for Access applications, integrate Access with SharePoint and other business systems, and much more. Using a practical, hands-on approach, this book will take you through all the facets of developing Access-based solutions, such as data modeling, co

  8. Access 2013 for dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Ulrich Fuller, Laurie

    2013-01-01

    The easy guide to Microsoft Access returns with updates on the latest version! Microsoft Access allows you to store, organize, view, analyze, and share data; the new Access 2013 release enables you to build even more powerful, custom database solutions that integrate with the web and enterprise data sources. Access 2013 For Dummies covers all the new features of the latest version of Accessand serves as an ideal reference, combining the latest Access features with the basics of building usable databases. You'll learn how to create an app from the Welcome screen, get support

  9. Android Access Control Extension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anton Baláž

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this work is to analyze and extend security model of mobile devices running on Android OS. Provided security extension is a Linux kernel security module that allows the system administrator to restrict program's capabilities with per-program profiles. Profiles can allow capabilities like network access, raw socket access, and the permission to read, write, or execute files on matching paths. Module supplements the traditional Android capability access control model by providing mandatory access control (MAC based on path. This extension increases security of access to system objects in a device and allows creating security sandboxes per application.

  10. 我国农村小额信贷的规模确定问题探索%Probing into China countryside small amount credit loan's scale

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李倩; 卢潇

    2011-01-01

    Indian Microfinance Crisis of 2010 deepen our understanding about Inclusive Financial Sectors.According to analyzing the market demand of microfinance in countryside,the paper makes a model and comes to a conclusion that average per capita income of farme%2010年印度小额信贷危机的发生,使我们对小额信贷规模问题加深了认识,本文通过对农村小额信贷市场需求分析,建立数学模型,得出结论:小额信贷的农户年人均收入和农产品生产价格水平是需求规模确定的关键因素。笔者并结合我国现存农村小额信贷问题,提出了若干相应的建议。

  11. Urban Railway Accessibility

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUAN Hongzhi; YIN Yuanfei; YAN Hai; HAN Yan; QIN Huanmei

    2007-01-01

    Effective use of urban rapid railway systems requires that the railway systems be effectively connected with other transportation modes so that they are accessible. This paper uses the logit model and data to analyze the factors influencing railway access choices in a railway choice access model. The results indicate that access time, access cost, and access distance are factors significantly affecting railway access choices. The user's income significantly affects the probability of choosing to walk rather than to take a taxi,but is not related to choosing buses or bicycles. Vehicle ownership significantly affects the probability of choosing a taxi, but is not significantly related to the other modes. The conclusions provide an analysis tool for urban railway planning and construction.

  12. Open Access @ DTU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ekstrøm, Jeannette

    Open Access is high on the agenda in Denmark and internationally. Denmark has announced a national strategy for Open Access that aims to achieve Open Access to 80% in 2017 and 100% in 2022 to peer review research articles. All public Danish funders as well as H2020 requires that all peer review...... articles that is an outcome of their funding will be Open Access. Uploading your full texts (your final author manuscript after review ) to DTU Orbit is a fundamental part of providing Open Access to your research. We are here to answer all your questions with regards to Open Access and related topics...... such as copyright, DTU Orbit, Open Access journals, APCs, Vouchers etc....

  13. Analysis of the risk factors for pesticide poisoning among children in countryside of Guigang%贵港市农村儿童杀虫剂中毒危险因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李海; 杨莉; 冯启明; 李春灵

    2011-01-01

    .The data were analyzed by conditional logistic regression analysis.Results Three risk factors and five protective factors were identified significantly associated with pesticide poisoning in rural children.The risk factors included inappropriate deposit of hydrocomion and contaminated working clothes ( OR =3.529,95 % CI:1.408 - 8.848 ),playing outside frequently ( OR =2.846,95 % CI:1.513 - 5.352),grandparents being children' s guardian ( OR =2.187,95% CI:1.187 - 4.029 ).The protective factors included high frequency of guardianship( OR =0.408,95% CI:0.205 - 0.811 ),knowledge for poisoning prevention ( OR =0.412,95 % CI:0.224 - 0.758 ),washing working clothes in time ( OR =0.435,95 % CI:0.212 - 0.893 ),taking health educational courses in school ( OR =0.448,95% CI:0.232 - 0.867 ) and teaching children non-access to toxic agents regularly (OR=0.462,95% CI:0.227 -0.939).Conclusion Childhood pesticide poisoning accidence in countryside of Guigang was caused by multiple factors including children's risk behaviors,family factors,environmental factors and health education.

  14. Social Stratification of Residents in the Countryside of China:An Empirical Evidence from Jiangsu Province%中国农村居民社会分层状况实证分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾和军

    2013-01-01

      改革开放以来,中国农村社会分层发生重大变化,均质同构的社会结构从根本上被打破。通过对江苏省农村居民社会分层状况的调查研究,可看出中国农村居民无论是职业还是收入分层的趋势已初步显现,从总体结构上看,呈现出底盘和中间阶层都较大的“烛台”结构。未来中国农村现代化的基本目标就是农村居民的职业转换和城市化,而通过教育或培训以提高“下下层”(种田农民及无业人员)的人力资本,是实现这一目标的重要前提。%Since the reform and opening-up, significant changes have occurred in social stratification in China�s countryside areas and the social structure of homogeneous isomorphism has fundamentally been broken. According to the study on rural residents�social stratification in Jiangsu Province, it is observed that the trend of Chinese rural residents�occupation and income stratification has been initially apparent. From the overall struc-ture perspective, it presents that the lower class and the middle class are larger “candlestick” structure. The basic goal of the future modernization in china�s countryside areas is occupation transfer of rural residents and urbanization, and education and training are important prerequisite to improve the human capital of“under the lower class”( including farmers and the unemployed) .

  15. 新农村建设视角下的陕西小城镇发展研究%Research on the Development of Small Towns in Shaanxi Province from the Angle of New Countryside Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张萍; 李富荣

    2011-01-01

    陕西小城镇因存在规划缺乏科学性,空间分布缺乏合理性、基础设施落后、环境竞争力不强等问题.为此,应因地制宜,科学规划,把住小城镇建设方向;打造特色,培育产业,增添小城镇经济活力;加快建设,完善功能,优化小城镇发展;拓宽建设资金渠道,加大投入力度;坚持环保,生态和可持续发展原则,走可持续发展的道路,从而加快陕西小城镇及新农村建设步伐.%There are many problems in countryside of Shaanxi province such as plan is not scientific, space distribution is not unreasonable,infrastructure is old-fashioned, and competition of environment is weak.So, we need to adjust measures to local conditions, make scientific plan and grasp the developing direction of countryside; We need to develop local characteristics and industry, increase the economic vitality of small towns.We need to speed up the construction, perfect the function and optimize the development of small towns.We also need to expand the channel of obtaining the construction funds, increase investment, stick to the principles of the environmental protection, the ecology and the sustainable development, to speed up the construction of small towns and new countries in Shaanxi province.

  16. Improving Water Conservancy Infrastructure to Figure Out Five Challenges of "Countryside, Agriculture and Farmers"%加强农村水利基础设施建设破解“三农”五大难题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭玮

    2011-01-01

    近年来国家强农惠农政策力度不断加大,“三农”投入逐年增加,但诸如农业增产难、农民增收难、惠农政策执行难、农业资金投入难、农村安全饮水难等关键问题,仍然没有得到根本解决,严重阻碍“三农”可持续发展.完善农村水利基础设施是解决这“五大难题”的有效突破口,应加大公共财政对水利,特别是中小型水利工程的投入力度,同时创新投资模式与管理制度,加强资金监管,进一步完善农村水利基础设施投资的体制与机制.%In recent years, the benefiting-agriculture policies has been intensified, the investment of "countryside, agriculture and farmers" has been increased year by year by National Government. But the five challenges of agricultural production, farmer's income, the implementation effectiveness of benefiting-agriculture policies, agricultural funding and rural safe drinking water remain to be solved. It is a serious impediment for "countryside, agriculture and farmers" sustainable development. Improving water conservancy infrastructure is an effective solution to figure out the five challenges. We should increase investment in public finance efforts for water conservancy infrastructure, especially small and medium sized water conservancy infrastructure projects. Meanwhile, we should innovate investment model and management system, strengthen financial supervision, improving water conservancy infrastructure investment in system and mechanism respects.

  17. Port Access Cardiac Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viganó, Mario; Minzioni, Gaetano; Spreafico, Patrizio; Rinaldi, Mauro; Pasquino, Stefano; Ceriana, Piero; Locatelli, Alessandro

    2000-10-01

    The port-access technique for cardiac surgery was recently developed at Stanford University in California as a less invasive method to perform some cardiac operations. The port-access system has been described in detail elsewhere. It is based on femoral arterial and venous access for cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and on the adoption of a specially designed triple-lumen catheter described originally by Peters, and subsequently modified and developed in the definitive configuration called the endoaortic clamp.

  18. Are PDF Documents Accessible?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mireia Ribera Turró

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Adobe PDF is one of the most widely used formats in scientific communications and in administrative documents. In its latest versions it has incorporated structural tags and improvements that increase its level of accessibility. This article reviews the concept of accessibility in the reading of digital documents and evaluates the accessibility of PDF according to the most widely established standards.

  19. Access Data Analysis Cookbook

    CERN Document Server

    Bluttman, Ken

    2008-01-01

    This book offers practical recipes to solve a variety of common problems that users have with extracting Access data and performing calculations on it. Whether you use Access 2007 or an earlier version, this book will teach you new methods to query data, different ways to move data in and out of Access, how to calculate answers to financial and investment issues, how to jump beyond SQL by manipulating data with VBA, and more.

  20. Accessible e-learning

    OpenAIRE

    Bühler, Christian; Scheer, Birgit

    2005-01-01

    People with disabilities often encounter difficulties while trying to learn something, because teaching material is for example not accessible to blind people or rooms, where courses take place, are not accessible to people using a wheelchair. E-learning provides an opportunity to disabled people. With the new German law on the equalisation of opportunities for people with disabilities for the first time access to information technology was explicitly taken up in German legislation. As a cons...

  1. OGIS Access System

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Archives and Records Administration — The OGIS Access System (OAS) provides case management, stakeholder collaboration, and public communications activities including a web presence via a web portal.

  2. Open Access Policy

    OpenAIRE

    University of East London, .

    2013-01-01

    The University of East London is committed to and supports open access to its research publications.\\ud There is a worldwide move towards free and unrestricted access to research publications, with benefits\\ud for researchers, universities and wider society. UEL supports this initiative and recognises the\\ud importance of open access in increasing the visibility and impact of research. This policy is aligned with\\ud and supports HEFCE’s Policy for Open Access in the Post‐2014 REF, and is alig...

  3. Channel Access in Erlang

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nicklaus, Dennis J. [Fermilab

    2013-10-13

    We have developed an Erlang language implementation of the Channel Access protocol. Included are low-level functions for encoding and decoding Channel Access protocol network packets as well as higher level functions for monitoring or setting EPICS process variables. This provides access to EPICS process variables for the Fermilab Acnet control system via our Erlang-based front-end architecture without having to interface to C/C++ programs and libraries. Erlang is a functional programming language originally developed for real-time telecommunications applications. Its network programming features and list management functions make it particularly well-suited for the task of managing multiple Channel Access circuits and PV monitors.

  4. Web Accessibility and Guidelines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Simon; Yesilada, Yeliz

    Access to, and movement around, complex online environments, of which the World Wide Web (Web) is the most popular example, has long been considered an important and major issue in the Web design and usability field. The commonly used slang phrase ‘surfing the Web’ implies rapid and free access, pointing to its importance among designers and users alike. It has also been long established that this potentially complex and difficult access is further complicated, and becomes neither rapid nor free, if the user is disabled. There are millions of people who have disabilities that affect their use of the Web. Web accessibility aims to help these people to perceive, understand, navigate, and interact with, as well as contribute to, the Web, and thereby the society in general. This accessibility is, in part, facilitated by the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) currently moving from version one to two. These guidelines are intended to encourage designers to make sure their sites conform to specifications, and in that conformance enable the assistive technologies of disabled users to better interact with the page content. In this way, it was hoped that accessibility could be supported. While this is in part true, guidelines do not solve all problems and the new WCAG version two guidelines are surrounded by controversy and intrigue. This chapter aims to establish the published literature related to Web accessibility and Web accessibility guidelines, and discuss limitations of the current guidelines and future directions.

  5. Access 2013 bible

    CERN Document Server

    Alexander, Michael

    2013-01-01

    A comprehensive reference to the updated and new features of Access 2013 As the world's most popular database management tool, Access enables you to organize, present, analyze, and share data as well as build powerful database solutions. However, databases can be complex. That's why you need the expert guidance in this comprehensive reference. Access 2013 Bible helps you gain a solid understanding of database purpose, construction, and application so that whether you're new to Access or looking to upgrade to the 2013 version, this well-rounded resource provides you with a th

  6. MedlinePlus: Accessibility

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Tools Español You Are Here: Home → MedlinePlus Accessibility URL of this page: https://medlineplus.gov/accessibility.html ... or (301) 594-5983 and provide the address (URL) of the page on which you need assistance, ...

  7. Towards Accessible Search Systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Serdyukov, Pavel; Hiemstra, Djoerd; Ruthven, Ian

    2010-01-01

    The SIGIR workshop Towards Accessible Search Systems was the first workshop in the field to raise the discussion on how to make search engines accessible for different types of users. We report on the results of the workshop that was held on 23 July 2010 in conjunction with the 33rd Annual ACM SIGIR

  8. ACCESS Pointing Control System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brugarolas, Paul; Alexander, James; Trauger, John; Moody, Dwight; Egerman, Robert; Vallone, Phillip; Elias, Jason; Hejal, Reem; Camelo, Vanessa; Bronowicki, Allen; O'Connor, David; Partrick, Richard; Orzechowski, Pawel; Spitter, Connie; Lillie, Chuck

    2010-01-01

    ACCESS (Actively-Corrected Coronograph for Exoplanet System Studies) was one of four medium-class exoplanet concepts selected for the NASA Astrophysics Strategic Mission Concept Study (ASMCS) program in 2008/2009. The ACCESS study evaluated four major coronograph concepts under a common space observatory. This paper describes the high precision pointing control system (PCS) baselined for this observatory.

  9. Demystifying Open Access

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mele, Salvatore (CERN)

    2007-05-30

    The tenets of Open Access are to grant anyone, anywhere and anytime free access to the results of scientific research. HEP spearheaded the Open Access dissemination of scientific results with the mass mailing of preprints in the pre-WWW era and with the launch of the arXiv preprint system at the dawn of the '90s. The HEP community is now ready for a further push to Open Access which retains all the advantages of the peer-review system and, at the same time, brings the spiraling cost of journal subscriptions under control. I will present a possible plan for the conversion to Open Access of HEP peer-reviewed journals, through a consortium of HEP funding agencies, laboratories and libraries: SCOAP3 (Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics). SCOAP3 will engage with scientific publishers towards building a sustainable model for Open Access publishing, which is as transparent as possible for HEP authors. In this talk I will present a short overview of the history of Open Access in HEP, the details of the SCOAP3 model and the outlook for its implementation.

  10. ATLAS Data Access Policy

    CERN Document Server

    The ATLAS collaboration

    2015-01-01

    ATLAS has fully supported the principle of open access in its publication policy. This document outlines the policy of ATLAS as regards open access to data at different levels as described in the DPHEP model. The main objective is to make the data available in a usable way to people external to the ATLAS collaboration.

  11. Open Access policy effectiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Swan, Alma

    2015-01-01

    This presentation discusses the policy elements that are necessary for an effective open access policy, according to the findings of the analysis of the revamped ROARMAP tool for open access policies by PASTEUR4OA. It contains graphs, charts and numbers for evidence-based arguments

  12. Intellectual Access to Images.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Hsin-Liang; Rasmussen, Edie M.

    1999-01-01

    The increased availability of digital images is accompanied by a need for solutions to the problems inherent in indexing them for retrieval. Problems in image description and access are discussed, with a perspective on traditional and new solutions. Recent developments in intellectual access to images are surveyed and contrasted with…

  13. Comparing Information Access Approaches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chalmers, Matthew

    1999-01-01

    Presents a broad view of information access, drawing from philosophy and semiology in constructing a framework for comparative discussion that is used to examine the information representations that underlie four approaches to information access--information retrieval, workflow, collaborative filtering, and the path model. Contains 32 references.…

  14. Market Access and Welfare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raimondos-Møller, Pascalis; Woodland, Alan D.

    2015-01-01

    Well known tariff reform rules that are guaranteed to increase welfare will not necessarily increase market access, while rules that are guaranteed to increase market access will not necessarily increase welfare. The present paper proposes a new set of tariff reforms that can achieve both...

  15. Public Access Defibrillation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agerskov, Marianne; Nielsen, Anne Møller; Hansen, Carolina Malta

    2015-01-01

    of OHCA-cases where an accessible AED was located within 100 m. In addition, we assessed 30-day survival. METHODS: Using data from the Mobile Emergency Care Unit and the Danish Cardiac Arrest Registry, we identified 521 patients with OHCA between October 1, 2011 and September 31, 2013 in Copenhagen......, Denmark. RESULTS: An AED was applied in 20 cases (3.8%, 95% CI [2.4 to 5.9]). Irrespective of AED accessibility, an AED was located within 100 m of a cardiac arrest in 23.4% (n=102, 95% CI [19.5 to 27.7]) of all OHCAs. However, at the time of OHCA, an AED was located within 100 m and accessible in only 15...... to ambulance arrival, but 15.1% of all OHCAs occurred within 100 m of an accessible AED. This indicates the potential of utilising AED networks by improving strategies for AED accessibility and referring bystanders of OHCA to existing AEDs....

  16. The Open Access Divide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jingfeng Xia

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper is an attempt to review various aspects of the open access divide regarding the difference between those academics who support free sharing of data and scholarly output and those academics who do not. It provides a structured description by adopting the Ws doctrines emphasizing such questions as who, what, when, where and why for information-gathering. Using measurable variables to define a common expression of the open access divide, this study collects aggregated data from existing open access as well as non-open access publications including journal articles and extensive reports. The definition of the open access divide is integrated into the discussion of scholarship on a larger scale.

  17. Coded Random Access

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paolini, Enrico; Stefanovic, Cedomir; Liva, Gianluigi

    2015-01-01

    , in which the structure of the access protocol can be mapped to a structure of an erasure-correcting code defined on graph. This opens the possibility to use coding theory and tools for designing efficient random access protocols, offering markedly better performance than ALOHA. Several instances of coded......The rise of machine-to-machine communications has rekindled the interest in random access protocols as a support for a massive number of uncoordinatedly transmitting devices. The legacy ALOHA approach is developed under a collision model, where slots containing collided packets are considered...... as waste. However, if the common receiver (e.g., base station) is capable to store the collision slots and use them in a transmission recovery process based on successive interference cancellation, the design space for access protocols is radically expanded. We present the paradigm of coded random access...

  18. Demystifying Open Access

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mele, Salvatore

    2007-05-14

    The tenets of Open Access are to grant anyone, anywhere and anytime free access to the results of scientific research. HEP spearheaded the Open Access dissemination of scientific results with the mass mailing of preprints in the pre-WWW era and with the launch of the arXiv preprint system at the dawn of the '90s. The HEP community is now ready for a further push to Open Access while retaining all the advantages of the peer-review system and, at the same time, bring the spiralling cost of journal subscriptions under control. I will present a possible plan for the conversion to Open Access of HEP peer-reviewed journals, through a consortium of HEP funding agencies, laboratories and libraries: SCOAP3 (Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics). SCOAP3 will engage with scientific publishers towards building a sustainable model for Open Access publishing, which is as transparent as possible for HEP authors. The current system in which journals income comes from subscription fees is replaced with a scheme where SCOAP3 compensates publishers for the costs incurred to organise the peer-review service and give Open Access to the final version of articles. SCOAP3 will be funded by all countries active in HEP under a 'fair share' scenario, according to their production of HEP articles. In this talk I will present a short overview of the history of Open Access in HEP, the details of the SCOAP3 model and the outlook for its implementation.

  19. 开江县农村已婚妇女子宫肌瘤调查分析%Investigation Study of Countryside be Married Woman Hysteromyoma in Kaijiang County, Sichuan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向小玲; 刘明; 高巍巍; 陈廷喜; 黄道贵; 王锡敏

    2013-01-01

      目的掌握开江县农村已婚妇女子宫肌瘤患病情况,给防制措施提供科学依据。方法对开江县20个乡镇农村已婚妇女11798人子宫肌瘤普查结果进行分析。结果全县子宫肌瘤患病率为1.09%,边远山区患病率显著高于平坝地区(P<0.01),25岁年龄组患病率开始升高,45岁年龄组达高峰,以后随年龄增长而逐渐降低(P<0.01),高中、中专患病率显著高于文盲和大学文化(P<0.01),生育史1次和4次以上患病率较高(P<0.05),有人流史患病率高于无人流史(P<0.05)。结论边远山区、40~50岁、高中和中专、有人流史者的人群是开江县农村已婚妇女子宫肌瘤防治的重点对象。%  Objective To master the countryside be married woman hysteromyoma prevalence rate in Kaijiang county Sichuan province to provide scientific data for prevention and treatment measurements.Methods Studing of the countryside be married woman 11798 hysteromyoma general investigation results in 20 vilages and towns Kaijiang county. Results hysteromyoma prevalence rate was 1.09% in Kaijiang county, the mountain area hysteromyoma prevalence rate was higher than the flat area(P<0.01),over age 25 years hysteromyoma prevalence rate in-ital stage to 45 years was higher,after age of increase but also a decline in the prevalence rate(P<0.01), the middle schooling and middle vocational schooling hysteromyoma prevalence rate was higher than iliterate and university(P<0.01),the bear children many one and four hysteromyoma prevalence rate was higher (P<0.05), have artificial abortion hysteromyoma prevalence rate was higher than no artificial abortion(P<0.05). Conclusions Focal point object of the mountain area, over age 45 to 50 years, the middle schooling and middle vocational schooling, have artificial abortion is hysteromyoma prevention and treat of countryside be married woman in Kaijiang county.

  20. 上海市农村常住居民自我药疗风险及影响因素分析%Risks and influencing factors analysis of inhabitant ’ s self-medicine in Shanghai countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董春玲; 刘晓虹; 叶旭春

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the status of inhabitant ’ s self-medicine in Shanghai countryside , and to explore its risks and influencing factors .Methods We utilized self-designed normal information questionnaire and self-medicine risks survey questionnaire , and a total of 750 questionnaires had been distributed to survey Shanghai countryside inhabitants ’ demographic data and self-medicine risks survey . Results We gave out 750 questionnaires and retrieved 712 , so percent retrieve was 94 .9%.A total of 656 of them were effective (effective rate 92.1%).Inhabitants in Shanghai countryside acquired 2.10 ±0.55 scores for risks of self-medicine.Inhabitants with different gender , occupation, degree of education, family income, medical insurance and daily routine had different level of self-medicine risks ( P <0.05 ).According to multivariate analysis , the main influencing factors of self-medicine included the type of medical insurance , daily routine, the degree of education and occupation (P<0.01).Conclusions The behavior of inhabitant’s self-medicine should be brought into standardized management under professional instruction to minimize personal health risks and social medical resources waste .%目的:调查上海市农村常住居民自我药疗行为现状,探讨其风险及影响因素。方法使用自行设计的问卷,对750名上海市农村常住居民发放问卷,进行一般人口学资料和自我药疗行为风险调查。结果共发放问卷750份,回收712份,回收率为94.9%,其中有效问卷为656份,有效回收率为92.1%。上海市农村常住居民自我药疗风险总平均分为(2.10±0.55)分。不同性别、职业、文化程度、家庭人均月收入、医保类型、生活起居规律性的居民其自我药疗风险得分差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。多因素分析显示,自我药疗风险的主要影响因素有医疗保险类型、生活起居规律性、文化程

  1. Access 2010 for dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Ulrich Fuller, Laurie

    2010-01-01

    A friendly, step-by-step guide to the Microsoft Office database application Access may be the least understood and most challenging application in the Microsoft Office suite. This guide is designed to help anyone who lacks experience in creating and managing a database learn to use Access 2010 quickly and easily. In the classic For Dummies tradition, the book provides an education in Access, the interface, and the architecture of a database. It explains the process of building a database, linking information, sharing data, generating reports, and much more.As the Micr

  2. Market Access and Welfare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raimondos-Møller, Pascalis; Woodland, Alan D.

    According to the literature, well known tariff reform rules that are guaranteed to increase welfare will not necessarily increase market access, while rules that are guaranteed to increase market access will not necessarily increase welfare. Such conflict between welfare and market access...... objectives of trade policy is problematic and calls for finding alternative tariff reform rules that can achieve both objectives at the same time. The present paper contributes to this aim by using a new set of tariff reforms that are based on local optimality. Using such reforms it is shown that market...

  3. Research on the Modern Commerce Circulation Market System Construction in the Countryside of Northern Jiangsu based on Experience Mining%基于经验挖掘的苏北农村现代化商贸流通市场体系建设研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周桂良; 毛丽娜; 吴鼎新

    2012-01-01

      It is the strategic task for the economic development of northern Jiangsu and even the whole Jiangsu province in the new strategic opportunity period to develop the modern commerce circulation and accelerate the construction of the modern commerce circulation market system in the countryside of northern Jiangsu. It is of important practical strategic significance. The article first analyzed the development status and problems of the modern commerce circulation market in the countryside of northern Jiangsu, then mined and learned from the advanced experience in domestic and abroad on developing the modern commerce circulation market in the countryside. Finally, it put forward the targeted proposal to speed up the construction of the modern commerce circulation market system in the countryside of northern Jiangsu.%  发展苏北农村现代化商贸流通、加快苏北农村现代化商贸流通市场体系建设是苏北乃至江苏省经济发展进入新的战略机遇期提出的战略任务,具有重要的现实战略意义。文中首先分析了苏北农村现代化商贸流通市场发展现状及存在问题,然后挖掘国内外农村现代化商贸流通市场发展的先进经验并借鉴,最后针对性地提出加快苏北农村现代化商贸流通市场体系建设的建议。

  4. 论20世纪90年代以来的乡土小说创作——以城乡对峙为视角%On Typology of Countryside-backgrounded Novels since 1990s ---From the perspective of mutual confrontation between rural and urban areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张鼎立

    2011-01-01

    20世纪90年代以来乡土小说呈现出纷纭复杂的多元冲突状态,而所有的冲突,其实都绕不开城乡关系。主要呈现为对乡土居高临下的同情甚至否定、以乡土对抗城市、谋求城乡的平等对话、游走于城乡之间四种类型。它们无一例外地关注着现代化背景下的乡村和农民的生存问题,隐含着城市/现代化对乡土/传统挤压的应对策略,表露着知识分子的焦虑。%An atmosphere of diverse conflicts has been observed from Countryside-backgrounded novels since 1990s'. All conflicts are deeply rooted in the urban-rural relationships and they principally fall into four categories: sympathizing or even negating rural culture from a superior position; antagonizing urban life in favor of rural life; seeking equal dialogues between city and countryside, oscillating between city and countryside. All these novels unexceptionally show great concern about the countryside and physical survival of peasants in modern society. In addition, the novels offer some implicit countermeasures against the modem pressure on traditional rural life, revealing writers' anxiety as members of intellectual.

  5. Effects and Countermeasures of Information Technologies in Beautiful Countryside Construction%信息技术在美丽乡村建设中的作用及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈石; 欧阳海鹰; 陈柏松; 孙英泽

    2014-01-01

    The information construction has already become not only an important means to realize the construction of beautiful countryside, but also a necessary channel to promote the rural development level and life quality. Meanwhile, such problems as the lack of top-level design, high network cost and insufficiency of information services integration, appeared in the process. This paper introduced the current status of rural information and concluded that the level of China’s rural information development was still lower and rural residents’information consumption demands were not satisfied yet. Therefore, there was great potential in rural information consumption market. Combined some problems in rural development and the advantages of 4G, cloud computing and MOOC, approaches and effects of information technologies in beautiful countryside construction were expounded. Countermeasures and suggestions were also put forward in accordance with problems in rural information construction.%信息化建设不仅已成为实现美丽乡村建设目标的重要手段,还是提升乡村发展水平和农村居民生活质量的必要途径。同时,建设过程中顶层设计缺失、网络费用过高、信息服务整合不足等问题逐渐凸显。本文介绍了当前我国农村信息化现状,得出结论:我国农村信息化水平仍然较落后,农村居民的信息需求没有得到满足,农村信息消费市场潜力巨大。结合当前我国农村发展中存在的部分问题和4G、云计算、大规模开放在线课程等信息技术,阐述了信息技术在美丽乡村建设中的作用和途径。并针对美丽乡村信息化建设中存在的问题,提出了的相关对策和建议。

  6. A Research about Eco-Justice Problems of Suzhou New Socialist Countryside Construction%苏州社会主义新农村建设中的生态公正问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张留记; 王建明

    2011-01-01

    随着新农村建设的推进,生态公正问题日益凸显。苏州市作为我国新农村建设的先导区,在创造实现生态公正成功经验的同时,也率先遭遇到了四个新问题,其原因在于非公经济的资本逻辑导致了"公地的悲剧"、功利主义的价值取向和行为、生态民主的缺失、生态环境宣传教育的弱化等。生态公正问题的解决,可以通过采取政府建立和完善相关法律法规和政策、农业自然资源流转中实行计划和市场相结合、完善和切实贯彻生态民主、建立和加强新农村建设中的防腐机制、加强生态环境道德的宣传教育等举措加以推进。公正问题的研究对我国新农村建设具有借鉴意义。%With the advance of new countryside construction in China,the eco-justice problems have become increasingly prominent.Suzhou,as the pilot area of new countryside construction in China,has accumulated many successful experiences in achieving eco-justice.Meanwhile,Suzhou has also encountered four new problems,the causes being the "tragedy of the public area" of the capital logic non-public economy has resulted in,the utilitarian-oriented values and behavior,the lack of eco-democracy,the weakening of education in environmental publicity,etc.In order to solve the eco-justice problems,we can advance the process that the relevant laws,rules,regulations and policies must be made or amended,that plan and market must be balanced in the exploitation of agricultural natural resources,that the eco-democracy must be perfected and implemented,that anti-corruption system must be established and strengthened in the new rural construction,and that the advocating and education with regard to environmental morality must be reinforced,etc.The research on justice problems is of reference value to our country in the new rural construction

  7. Topographic Accessability Index

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The topographic accessibility index is a measure of elevation in relation to valley floor corrected for variation in valley floor elevation across the western United...

  8. Accessibility and assistive products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Porrero, Cristina

    2009-01-01

    Introduction Accessibility and assistive products and technologies are needed to ensure the rights of persons with disabilities and older persons. Many developments have been implemented in laws, standards, markets and from the consumers perspective, at international, European and national levels. The real issue is that not all the potential users benefit from the use of assistive products or accessible measures. Discussion Innovative methods are needed to allow all potential users to have real advantage of assistive technologies and accessible and design for all facilities. Best practices will be presented and existing gaps and recommendations will be discussed. Cost-benefits aspects will also be presented. Conclusion In order to get advantages from opportunities of globalization, hard work and responsibilities of all stakeholders are needed, so that assistive products and accessibility reach a whole range of situations and environments and contribute to ensure quality of life in a society for all.

  9. Complication with intraosseous access

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hallas, Peter; Brabrand, Mikkel; Folkestad, Lars

    2013-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Intraosseous access (IO) is indicated if vascular access cannot be quickly established during resuscitation. Complication rates are estimated to be low, based on small patient series, model or cadaver studies, and case reports. However, user experience with IO use in real...... physicians, anesthesiologists and pediatricians. RESULTS: 1,802 clinical cases of IO use was reported by n=386 responders. Commonly reported complications with establishing IO access were patient discomfort/pain (7.1%), difficulties with penetration of periosteum with IO needle (10.3%), difficulties...... with aspiration of bone marrow (12.3%), and bended/broken needle (4.0%). When using an established IO access the reported complications were difficulties with injection fluid and drugs after IO insertion (7.4%), slow infusion (despite use of pressure bag) (8.8%), displacement after insertion (8...

  10. Critical Access Hospitals (CAH)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... CAH designation is designed to reduce the financial vulnerability of rural hospitals and improve access to healthcare ... MDH) Rural Referral Center (RRC) What types of facilities are eligible for CAH status? Facilities applying to ...

  11. Access/AML -

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — The AccessAML is a web-based internet single application designed to reduce the vulnerability associated with several accounts assinged to a single users. This is a...

  12. Vascular Access Procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the needle directly into the vein during the venous puncture (or access) process. This helps improve the likelihood of a successful venous puncture and also helps the interventional radiologist avoid surrounding ...

  13. The Open Access Divide

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jingfeng Xia

    2013-01-01

      This paper is an attempt to review various aspects of the open access divide regarding the difference between those academics who support free sharing of data and scholarly output and those academics who do...

  14. Accessing the Spoken Word

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Goldman, J.; Renals, S.; Bird, S.; de Jong, Franciska M.G.; Federico, M.; Fleischhauer, C.; Kornbluh, M.; Lamel, L.; Oard, D.W.; Stewart, C.; Wright, R.

    2005-01-01

    Spoken-word audio collections cover many domains, including radio and television broadcasts, oral narratives, governmental proceedings, lectures, and telephone conversations. The collection, access, and preservation of such data is stimulated by political, economic, cultural, and educational needs.

  15. Access cavity preparation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, N; Tomson, P L

    2014-03-01

    Each stage of root canal treatment should be carried out to the highest possible standard. The access cavity is arguably the most important technical stage, as subsequent preparation of the root canal(s) can be severely comprised if this is not well executed. Inadequate access can lead to canals being left untreated, poorly disinfected, difficult to shape and obturate, and may ultimately lead to the failure of the treatment. This paper highlights common features in root canal anatomy and outlines basic principles for locating root canals and producing a good access cavity. It also explores each phase of the preparation in detail and offers suggestions of instruments that have been specifically designed to overcome potential difficulties in the process. Good access design and preparation will result in an operative environment which will facilitate cleaning, shaping and obturation of the root canal system in order to maximise success.

  16. Problems of Accessibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Servedio, William; McLeod, William

    1980-01-01

    Increased participation in recreational programing by persons with handicapping conditions is a right that calls for significant changes in accessibility of facilities. Both interior and exterior building modifications must be made. (CJ)

  17. United States Access Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... an ABA Complaint Upcoming Events November 16 US Business and Leadership Network (USBLN) Webinar November 29 Section 508 Best Practices Webinar: Getting Social - Best Practices for Social Media Accessibility December 01 ...

  18. Funding open access

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sprouse, Gene D.; Zimmermann, Frank

    2009-03-01

    We were happy to see the 10-year anniversary of our open-access journal Physical Review Special Topics: Accelerators and Beams (PRST-AB) mentioned in your news article on open-access publishing (December 2008 pp13-14). However, your statement that PRST-AB "is funded by US national labs, whose researchers publish about 150 papers per year in the journal" is not entirely correct.

  19. Accessible Geoscience - Digital Fieldwork

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meara, Rhian

    2017-04-01

    Accessible Geoscience is a developing field of pedagogic research aimed at widening participation in Geography, Earth and Environmental Science (GEES) subjects. These subjects are often less commonly associated with disabilities, ethnic minorities, low income socio-economic groups and females. While advancements and improvements have been made in the inclusivity of these subject areas in recent years, access and participation of disabled students remains low. While universities are legally obligated to provide reasonable adjustments to ensure accessibility, the assumed incompatibility of GEES subjects and disability often deters students from applying to study these courses at a university level. Instead of making reasonable adjustments if and when they are needed, universities should be aiming to develop teaching materials, spaces and opportunities which are accessible to all, which in turn will allow all groups to participate in the GEES subjects. With this in mind, the Swansea Geography Department wish to enhance the accessibility of our undergraduate degree by developing digital field work opportunities. In the first instance, we intend to digitise three afternoon excursions which are run as part of a 1st year undergraduate module. Each of the field trips will be digitized into English- and Welsh-medium formats. In addition, each field trip will be digitized into British Sign Language (BSL) to allow for accessibility for D/deaf and hard of hearing students. Subtitles will also be made available in each version. While the main focus of this work is to provide accessible fieldwork opportunities for students with disabilities, this work also has additional benefits. Students within the Geography Department will be able to revisit the field trips, to revise and complete associated coursework. The use of digitized field work should not replace opportunities for real field work, but its use by the full cohort of students will begin to "normalize" accessible field

  20. The universal access handbook

    CERN Document Server

    Stephanidis, Constantine

    2009-01-01

    In recent years, the field of Universal Access has made significant progress in consolidating theoretical approaches, scientific methods and technologies, as well as in exploring new application domains. Increasingly, professionals in this rapidly maturing area require a comprehensive and multidisciplinary resource that addresses current principles, methods, and tools. Written by leading international authorities from academic, research, and industrial organizations and nonmarket institutions, The Universal Access Handbook covers the unfolding scientific, methodological, technological, and pol

  1. CERN access cards

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2007-01-01

    Holders of CERN access cards are reminded that the card is an official document. It is important to carry it with you at all times when you are on the site. This applies also to those on standby duty who are called out for emergency interventions. As announced in Weekly Bulletin 13/2006, any loss or theft of access cards must be declared to the competent external authorities.

  2. Open Access Publishing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amelia Hadfield

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The rise of open source online journals, free online courses, and other changes in the research and education environment, coined the "academic spring" by some commentators, represents an increasing trend in opening up the rules of access for research. Universities, libraries, publishers and even govern­ments are paying attention to this new movement often referred to with the acronym A2K (access to knowledge.

  3. UK Open Access Policy Landscape

    OpenAIRE

    Picarra, Mafalda

    2014-01-01

    Two distinct paths for open access are being promoted in UK open access policies: open access publishing (gold open access) by RCUK (Gold OA) and self-archiving (green open access) by HEFCE. This requires continuous and coordinated efforts to support universities, academic libraries and researchers in achieving compliance.

  4. Relationship Between Credit Access and Agri-economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG Sai; WANG Jiheng; PAN Wenhua; WANG Tingrui; ZUO Hong

    2008-01-01

    With the rapid development of Chinese economy,the question of credit is becoming more and more important.Especially in China rural area,building a new socialist countryside needs the support of finance.While as we all known,the financial system in rural area is not effective enough to promote the productivity and the level of welfare of household.

  5. 面向新农村建设的远程教学资源与网络平台整合研究%Study on Integration of Distance Teaching Resources and Network Platform Oriented towards New Countryside Comtruction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温爱华; 郝越鑫; 王少永

    2011-01-01

    According to the requirements of development of education for new farmers in the construction of new countryside, the article analyzes problems concerning teaching resource construction, defines the connotation of web-based teaching resources construction, gives the relation between teaching resources construction and teaching platform construction, points out that the platform software supporting teaching and learning is a typo of resource and to strengthen analysis and organization of group members is the key to building web-based teaching platform,and proposes the technical ideas to realize web-based teaching platform by using XML for data modeling on the basis of Struts + Spring + Hibernate structure.%根据新农村建设中新型农民教育发展的要求,分析了教学资源建设的有关问题,明确了网络教学资源建设的内涵,给出教学资源建设和教学平台建设的关系,指出支撑教学和学习的平台软件是一种资源,而加强对组员的分析和组织是构建网络教学平台的关键,并提出了利用XML进行数据建模以及基于Struts+Spring+Hibernate架构实现网络教学平台等有关技术思路.

  6. Problems in education of "Stay-behind Children" socializing in countryside and its solutions%留守儿童社会化面临的问题浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁勇莹

    2012-01-01

      This article briefly introduces the present state of "Stay-behind Children".Introduces the problems in education of "Stay-behind Children"in countryside and its solutions mainly from falimy,school and society. preliminary analyzes the material elements that influence the Socialization of Left-behind Children in the Rural Areas of China,which are parents out for work, guardian,school and mass media.%  本文简略介绍了农村留守儿童的基本状况。主要从家庭、学校和社会等三个方面阐述了留守儿童在社会化过程中存在的主要问题,初步分析了影响留守儿童社会化的具体因素,即外出父母、监护人、学校、大众传媒。

  7. 边疆地区农村社会协同治理模式探析%Analysis of Synergic Social Governance Model in the Countryside of Frontier Areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周兢

    2015-01-01

    The social collaborative governance which depends on public security frontier stations, rural local government institutions and villagers has improved the village committee organization, social governance and the social security network. However, some problems still exist in the social governance practice. To achieve the long-term stability and prosperity in the countryside of frontier areas, we should improve it by building institutions, taking innovative measures, and motivating villagers and social organizations.%我国边疆地区农村社会治理迫切需要创新模式。目前许多地方公安边防派出所与农村地方政府机构和村民共同进行社会协同治理,使村委会组织构成、社会治理方式、社会治安网络等有了很大的改善,提高了农村社会治理成效。然而在实践中这种社会治理还存在一些问题,应加强制度建设,创新治理方法,发挥群众和社会组织的积极性主动性,进一步促进边疆地区农村的和谐稳定与社会发展。

  8. Driving Mechanism Study on Rural Labour Force's Transference Under the City and Countryside Overall Plan%城乡统筹视角下农村劳动力转移驱动机理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石永明; 邱道持; 骆东奇

    2011-01-01

    农村劳动力转移对促进社会主义新农村建设、解决“三农”问题意义重大.本文以重庆市璧山县为例,在对2个街办3个乡镇150余农户抽样调查基础上分析了该地区农村劳动力转移的经济学、土地流转、心理学和社会学方面的驱动机理,并提出加快农村劳动力转移需完善保障机制、发展现代农业、加快城镇建设等一系列建议.%Rural Labour Force's Transference has big sense in promoting the socialistic new rural construction and resolving the "countryside-agriculture-farmer" problems. On the census data from more than 150 rural families (mainly is egress work) and more than 150 peasant laborer being out of 3 towns and 2 sub-district offices in the Chongqing Municipality's Bishan County, this paper has analyzed its economic, psychological and land circulation and sociological driving mechanism, and proposed to consummate the safeguard mechanism, to develop modern agriculture, to develop the town construction and so on a series of suggestions for speeding up the Rural Labour Force's Transference.

  9. 农村留守初中生主观幸福感现状研究--以安庆地区12所农村中学为例%The Status of Subjective Well-being of Countryside Left behind Junior High School Students in Anqing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    励骅; 曹杏田; 姚恺帆

    2015-01-01

    To know the status of subjective well-being of countryside left behind junior high school students in Anhui province. 272 countryside left behind junior high school students in Anqing city were tested with the scale of adolescent students SWB . Countryside left behind girls’ scores on family satisfaction,school satisfaction,free satisfaction and total life satisfaction are higher than left behind boys’ scores; Boys’ scores on negative affect are higher than girls’ scores. Variances on study satisfaction,school satisfaction,negative affect and positive affect are existed in grades. Countryside left behind female students’ scores on total life satisfaction and subjective well-be-ing are higher than male students’ scores in the countryside; variances on total life satisfaction are not existed in grades, but variances on subjective well-being are existed in grades.%目的:了解安徽地区农村留守初中生主观幸福感的现状。方法采用青少年主观幸福感量表对安安徽地区272名农村留守初中生进行测查。结果在家庭满意度、学校满意度、自由满意度和总体生活满意度上,农村留守初中女生的得分显著高于农村留守初中男生;在负性情感上,农村留守初中男生的得分显著高于农村留守初中女生。在学业满意度、学校满意度、负性情感和正性情感上存在显著的年级差异。结论农村留守初中女生的总体生活满意度和主观幸福感高于农村留守初中男生;总体生活满意度不存在年级差异,但主观幸福感存在年级差异。

  10. IVOA Simple Image Access

    CERN Document Server

    Dowler, Patrick; Bonnarel, François

    2016-01-01

    The Simple Image Access protocol (SIA) provides capabilities for the discovery, description, access, and retrieval of multi-dimensional image datasets, including 2-D images as well as datacubes of three or more dimensions. SIA data discovery is based on the ObsCore Data Model (ObsCoreDM), which primarily describes data products by the physical axes (spatial, spectral, time, and polarization). Image datasets with dimension greater than 2 are often referred to as datacubes, cube or image cube datasets and may be considered examples of hypercube or n-cube data. In this document the term "image" refers to general multi-dimensional datasets and is synonymous with these other terms unless the image dimensionality is otherwise specified. SIA provides capabilities for image discovery and access. Data discovery and metadata access (using ObsCoreDM) are defined here. The capabilities for drilling down to data files (and related resources) and services for remote access are defined elsewhere, but SIA also allows for dir...

  11. Access, ethics and piracy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stuart Lawson

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Ownership of intellectual property rights for a large proportion of the scholarly record is held by publishers, so a majority of journal articles are behind paywalls and unavailable to most people. As a result some readers are encouraged to use pirate websites such as Sci-Hub to access them, a practice that is alternately regarded as criminal and unethical or as a justified act of civil disobedience. This article considers both the efficacy and ethics of piracy, placing ‘guerrilla open access’ within a longer history of piracy and access to knowledge. By doing so, it is shown that piracy is an inevitable part of the intellectual landscape that can render the current intellectual property regime irrelevant. If we wish to actively construct a true scholarly commons, open access emerges as a contender for moving beyond proprietary forms of commodifying scholarly knowledge towards the creation of an open scholarly communication system that is fit for purpose.

  12. Support open access publishing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ekstrøm, Jeannette

    2013-01-01

    Projektet Support Open Access Publishing har til mål at få opdateret Sherpa/Romeo databasen (www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo) med fagligt relevante, danske tidsskrifter. Projektet skal endvidere undersøge mulighederne for at få udviklet en database, hvor forskere på tværs af relevante tidsskriftsinformati......Projektet Support Open Access Publishing har til mål at få opdateret Sherpa/Romeo databasen (www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo) med fagligt relevante, danske tidsskrifter. Projektet skal endvidere undersøge mulighederne for at få udviklet en database, hvor forskere på tværs af relevante...... tidsskriftsinformationer (faglig disciplin, BFI niveau, Impact Factor, Open Access) vil kunne danne sig et hurtigt overblik, for derved at kunne træffe et kvalificeret valg om, hvor og hvordan man skal publicere sine forskningsresultater....

  13. Migrants' access to healthcare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Norredam, Marie

    2011-01-01

    according to international human rights principles. The intention of this thesis is to increase the understanding of migrants' access to healthcare by exploring two study aims: 1) Are there differences in migrants' access to healthcare compared to that of non-migrants? (substudy I and II); and 2) Why......' healthcare entitlements. Different definitions of migration and ethnicity were investigated including: country of birth and residence status. Substudy I showed a tendency towards more advanced stage at diagnosis or unknown stage among most subgroups of migrant women with a history of cancer compared to non...

  14. Sprawl and Accessibility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Bruegmann

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available This essay argues that many of the assumptions that have been made about sprawl are misleading or just wrong. Nowhere has this been more the case than in debates about transportation and access. Because of this, it is not surprising that a good many of the policies advocated by proponents of Smart Growth would almost certainly lead to reduced mobility and impaired accessibility for a large part of the population. At very least, the debates over sprawl have pitted private vs. public transportation in a way that has contributed to serious underfunding of transportation infrastructure of all kinds.

  15. Disruption - Access cards service

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    We would like to inform you that between 10 November and 15 December 2014, the access cards service in Building 55 will be disrupted, as the GS Department has decided to improve the facilities for users of this building. During the work, you will find the registration, biometric registration and dosimeter exchange services on the second floor of Building 55 and the vehicle sticker service on the ground floor along with the access cards service. We thank you for your understanding and apologise for any inconvenience caused.

  16. Access, ethics and piracy

    OpenAIRE

    Lawson, Stuart

    2017-01-01

    Ownership of intellectual property rights for a large proportion of the scholarly record is held by publishers, so a majority of journal articles are behind paywalls and unavailable to most people. As a result some readers are encouraged to use pirate websites such as Sci-Hub to access them, a practice that is alternately regarded as criminal and unethical or as a justified act of civil disobedience. This article considers both the efficacy and ethics of piracy, placing ‘guerrilla open access...

  17. Empower: access to medicine - working towards early access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearson, Jennifer Bryant; Turgoose, James; Hargrave, James

    2015-01-01

    Empower: Access to Medicine's contribution will document the founding of Empower: Access to Medicine and tactics used to create a lobbying campaign designed to facilitate the debate around barriers to medical innovation and patient access to medicines. The article will detail the evolution of the campaign's goals and the potential solutions to an expensive and slow system. Specifically the submission will look at the influence that Empower: Access to Medicine had on the Government's thinking and development of an early access scheme.

  18. Analysis of Open Access Landscape

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Helen Doyle; Andy Gass; Debra Lappin; Rebecca Kennison

    2005-01-01

    This paper is created by bounding 5 editorials of Public Library of Science (PLoS ) which have written on various aspects of open access. It covers wide range topics of important open access issues, such as from paying for open access to copyright to open access as a public issue, which may be more or less of interest of our audience.

  19. Digital Scholarship and Open Access

    Science.gov (United States)

    Losoff, Barbara; Pence, Harry E.

    2010-01-01

    Open access publications provide scholars with unrestricted access to the "conversation" that is the basis for the advancement of knowledge. The large number of open access journals, archives, and depositories already in existence demonstrates the technical and economic viability of providing unrestricted access to the literature that is the…

  20. Digital Scholarship and Open Access

    Science.gov (United States)

    Losoff, Barbara; Pence, Harry E.

    2010-01-01

    Open access publications provide scholars with unrestricted access to the "conversation" that is the basis for the advancement of knowledge. The large number of open access journals, archives, and depositories already in existence demonstrates the technical and economic viability of providing unrestricted access to the literature that is the…

  1. Kinds of Access

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Overgaard, Morten; Sandberg, Kristian

    2014-01-01

    that there is not only a theoretical, but also an empirical difference between different methods of reporting. We hypothesise that differences in the sensitivity of different scales may reveal that different types of access are used to issue direct reports about experiences and metacognitive reports about...

  2. Serving up Access

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rich, Sarah

    2011-01-01

    When low-income students returned to Chicago public schools this fall, many had better access to technology, thanks to a public-private partnership. Chicago families with children enrolled in the National School Lunch Program are eligible for subsidized computers and Internet connections through an agreement between the city and telecom giant…

  3. Accessibility Standards, Illustrated.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Michael A.

    The book sets forth Illinois environmental accessibility standards for disabled persons based on observation and interview data. Photographs, drawings, and detailed floor plans are included in sections dealing with human data (including space requirements for maneuvering wheelchairs, color blindness, incontinence, and severe auditory or visual…

  4. Efficient Distributed Medium Access

    CERN Document Server

    Shah, Devavrat; Tetali, Prasad

    2011-01-01

    Consider a wireless network of n nodes represented by a graph G=(V, E) where an edge (i,j) models the fact that transmissions of i and j interfere with each other, i.e. simultaneous transmissions of i and j become unsuccessful. Hence it is required that at each time instance a set of non-interfering nodes (corresponding to an independent set in G) access the wireless medium. To utilize wireless resources efficiently, it is required to arbitrate the access of medium among interfering nodes properly. Moreover, to be of practical use, such a mechanism is required to be totally distributed as well as simple. As the main result of this paper, we provide such a medium access algorithm. It is randomized, totally distributed and simple: each node attempts to access medium at each time with probability that is a function of its local information. We establish efficiency of the algorithm by showing that the corresponding network Markov chain is positive recurrent as long as the demand imposed on the network can be supp...

  5. Access and Fishing Activities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høst, Jeppe Engset

    2015-01-01

    In this chapter, I look at the implications of transferable quotas on the organization of production; that is, how fishing activities are structured around access to the individual and transferable quotas and how, in turn, the quotas structure the production. Therefore, this chapter will give...

  6. ACCESS Project: Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weller, Heiko [Robert Bosch, LLC, Farmington Hills, MI (United States)

    2015-04-01

    The ACCESS project addressed the development, testing, and demonstration of the proposed advanced technologies and the associated emission and fuel economy improvement at an engine dynamometer and on a full-scale vehicle. Improve fuel economy by 25% with minimum performance penalties Achieve SULEV level emissions with gasoline Demonstrate multi-mode combustion engine management system

  7. Access to effective healthcare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høy, Bente

    2015-01-01

    Access to effective healthcare is in particular challenging for vulnerable and socially disadvantaged patients. Patients with chronic conditions are over-represented in these lower socioeconomic (LSES) groups. No generic review integrating the evidence on Self-Management support interventions in ...

  8. Kinds of access

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Overgaard, Morten; Sandberg, Kristian

    2012-01-01

    that there is not only a theoretical, but also an empirical difference between different methods of reporting. We hypothesize that differences in the sensitivity of different scales may reveal that different types of access are used to issue direct reports about experiences and metacognitive reports about...

  9. Unique Access to Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goble, Don

    2009-01-01

    This article describes the many learning opportunities that broadcast technology students at Ladue Horton Watkins High School in St. Louis, Missouri, experience because of their unique access to technology and methods of learning. Through scaffolding, stepladder techniques, and trial by fire, students learn to produce multiple television programs,…

  10. Accessibility Standards, Illustrated.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Michael A.

    The book sets forth Illinois environmental accessibility standards for disabled persons based on observation and interview data. Photographs, drawings, and detailed floor plans are included in sections dealing with human data (including space requirements for maneuvering wheelchairs, color blindness, incontinence, and severe auditory or visual…

  11. Multiple Access Communications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book constitutes the proceedings of the 9th International Workshop on Multiple Access Communications, MACOM 2016, held in Aalborg, Denmark, in November 2016. The 10 full papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 12 submissions. They were organized in topical...

  12. KAUST Open Access policy

    KAUST Repository

    Baessa, Mohamed A.

    2017-03-07

    The transition to open access (OA) is being driven by funders, libraries, researchers and publishers around the world, and is having an impact on us all. It is inevitable that different countries, organisations and disciplines are moving at different rates towards an OA model, and it is this that we will focus on in this session. Drawing on experiences from across Europe and the Middle East we will provide perspectives from both a global publisher and institutions based in the region. Taylor & Francis take a flexible, evidence-based approach to open access, providing a choice of publication routes for our authors, and a choice of agreements for our library customers. Carolyn will outline some of the open access developments, opportunities and challenges at Taylor & Francis. The library plays a critical role in facilitating open access for their researchers, from managing a repository to providing support and information on the OA publication process to their authors. Janis Tyhurst and Dr Imad Bachir will each give an overview of how this is being managed by their institution. There will be an opportunity for questions and discussion with the panel.

  13. College Access Marketing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tremblay, Christopher W.

    2011-01-01

    College Access Marketing (CAM) is a relatively new phenomenon that seeks to positively influence the college-going rate. This report defines CAM, describes CAM examples, and discusses how CAM seeks to counter barriers to college. It explores four main elements of CAM: information, marketing, advocacy, and social mobilization. Further, it…

  14. APS and Open Access

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    The movement toward Open Access continues to gain momentum. A brief review of APS efforts in this area will be presented by APS Editor in Chief, Gene Sprouse. Editors from Physical Review A, B, E, Focus, Letters, and X, Reviews of Modern Physics, and Physics will address your questions about publishing in this evolving environment.

  15. Managing access block.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, Peter; Scown, Paul; Campbell, Donald

    2002-01-01

    There is pessimism regarding the ability of the Acute Health Sector to manage access block for emergency and elective patients. Melbourne Health suffered an acute bed crisis in 2001 resulting in record ambulance diversions and emergency department (ED) delays. We conducted an observational study to reduce access block for emergency patients whilst maintaining elective throughput at Melbourne Health. This involved a clinician-led taskforce using previously proven principles for organisational change to implement 51 actions to improve patient access over a three-month period. The primary outcome measures were ambulance diversion, emergency patients waiting more than 12 hours for an inpatient bed, elective throughput and theatre cancellations. Despite a reduction in multi-day bed numbers all primary objectives were met, ambulance diversion decreased to minimal levels, 12-hour waits decreased by 40% and elective throughput was maintained. Theatre cancellations were also minimised. We conclude that access block can be improved by clinician-led implementation of proven process improvements over a short time frame. The ability to sustain change over the longer term requires further study.

  16. Fixed Access Network Sharing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornaglia, Bruno; Young, Gavin; Marchetta, Antonio

    2015-12-01

    Fixed broadband network deployments are moving inexorably to the use of Next Generation Access (NGA) technologies and architectures. These NGA deployments involve building fiber infrastructure increasingly closer to the customer in order to increase the proportion of fiber on the customer's access connection (Fibre-To-The-Home/Building/Door/Cabinet… i.e. FTTx). This increases the speed of services that can be sold and will be increasingly required to meet the demands of new generations of video services as we evolve from HDTV to "Ultra-HD TV" with 4k and 8k lines of video resolution. However, building fiber access networks is a costly endeavor. It requires significant capital in order to cover any significant geographic coverage. Hence many companies are forming partnerships and joint-ventures in order to share the NGA network construction costs. One form of such a partnership involves two companies agreeing to each build to cover a certain geographic area and then "cross-selling" NGA products to each other in order to access customers within their partner's footprint (NGA coverage area). This is tantamount to a bi-lateral wholesale partnership. The concept of Fixed Access Network Sharing (FANS) is to address the possibility of sharing infrastructure with a high degree of flexibility for all network operators involved. By providing greater configuration control over the NGA network infrastructure, the service provider has a greater ability to define the network and hence to define their product capabilities at the active layer. This gives the service provider partners greater product development autonomy plus the ability to differentiate from each other at the active network layer.

  17. Normative landscape scenario and its application in planning of new countryside construction%标准景观情景方法及其在新农村建设规划中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李洪庆; 刘黎明

    2016-01-01

    New urbanization planning and new countryside construction planning are significant tasks in China. How to make proper planning in the context of increasing uncertainty will be a great challenge for the policymakers. We need to find a way to get more future information for planning. The trend extrapolation method, for example LUCC, CLUES, and CA-Markov, is a traditional approach to predict land use change. These methods perhaps solve some certain problems, but the results may be invalidated if some relevant factors change drastically. With the purpose of avoiding this situation, we introduced a new method normative landscape scenario. The normative landscape scenario can allow us to merge science into policy and explore scientific questions in simulated landscape patterns. The normative landscape scenario is distinctive in: integrating multiple disciplinary perspectives; the emphasis on public participation; the iterative design process; being plausible, replicable, and imaginative;and allowing investigation, comparison, and evaluation. In our study, the scenario building process was based on the following steps:1) Describing the present and defining the focal questions;2) Formulating hypotheses describing scenarios with qualitative storylines based on knowledge of multidisciplinary, stakeholder perceptions and policy; 3) Generating new landscape patterns by extracting quantitative mapping rules from qualitative narratives; 4) Repeating step 2 and 3 until fulfilling the specific target;and 5) Assessing scenario outcomes and inspiring policy. In order to examine the application, we took Jinjing Town as a case study, and successfully developed two alternative scenarios:I maximizing agricultural production and II improving water quality. Meanwhile we also simulated scenario III:rural landscape pattern by the Life cycle method. Land cover maps of alternative futures were created to provide visual insight into landscape change for managers. The effects of each landscape

  18. Accessing offshoring advantages

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mykhaylenko, Alona; Motika, Agnes; Wæhrens, Brian Vejrum

    2015-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to advance the understanding of factors that affect offshoring performance results. To do so, this paper focuses on the access to location-specific advantages, rather than solely on the properties of the offshoring company, its strategy or environment....... Assuming that different levels of synergy may exist between particular offshoring strategic decisions (choosing offshore outsourcing or captive offshoring and the type of function) and different offshoring advantages, this work advocates that the actual fact of realization of certain offshoring advantages...... (getting or not getting access to them) is a more reliable predictor of offshoring success. Design/methodology/approach – Aset of hypotheses derived from the extant literature is tested on the data from a quantitative survey of 1,143 Scandinavian firms. Findings – The paper demonstrates that different...

  19. Analysing Access Control Specifications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Probst, Christian W.; Hansen, René Rydhof

    2009-01-01

    . Recent events have revealed intimate knowledge of surveillance and control systems on the side of the attacker, making it often impossible to deduce the identity of an inside attacker from logged data. In this work we present an approach that analyses the access control configuration to identify the set......When prosecuting crimes, the main question to answer is often who had a motive and the possibility to commit the crime. When investigating cyber crimes, the question of possibility is often hard to answer, as in a networked system almost any location can be accessed from almost anywhere. The most...... of credentials needed to reach a certain location in a system. This knowledge allows to identify a set of (inside) actors who have the possibility to commit an insider attack at that location. This has immediate applications in analysing log files, but also nontechnical applications such as identifying possible...

  20. Internet access to ionosondes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galkin, I. A.; Kitrosser, D. F.; Kecic, Z.; Reinisch, B. W.

    1999-01-01

    Connecting ionosondes to the Internet gives easy access to real-time information on ionospheric conditions. Some of the ionosonde sites provide just the ionogram displays, others give in addition the scaled ionospheric characteristics directly usable for frequency management and HF channel assessment. Some sounders also store days or months of station data, which makes it possible remotely to evaluate the time history of geophysical events. The Internet link is also a convenient means for remote system maintenance and control. The paper addresses various aspects of the Internet ionosonde scenario, including data base support, WWW publishing, user interface, security, and data format. A list of Internet accessible ionosonde stations is provided with a brief description.

  1. Access to Research Inputs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Czarnitzki, Dirk; Grimpe, Christoph; Pellens, Maikel

    The viability of modern open science norms and practices depend on public disclosure of new knowledge, methods, and materials. However, increasing industry funding of research can restrict the dissemination of results and materials. We show, through a survey sample of 837 German scientists in life...... sciences, natural sciences, engineering, and social sciences, that scientists who receive industry funding are twice as likely to deny requests for research inputs as those who do not. Receiving external funding in general does not affect denying others access. Scientists who receive external funding...... of any kind are, however, 50% more likely to be denied access to research materials by others, but this is not affected by being funded specifically by industry....

  2. Access to Research Inputs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Czarnitzki, Dirk; Grimpe, Christoph; Pellens, Maikel

    2015-01-01

    The viability of modern open science norms and practices depends on public disclosure of new knowledge, methods, and materials. However, increasing industry funding of research can restrict the dissemination of results and materials. We show, through a survey sample of 837 German scientists in life...... sciences, natural sciences, engineering, and social sciences, that scientists who receive industry funding are twice as likely to deny requests for research inputs as those who do not. Receiving external funding in general does not affect denying others access. Scientists who receive external funding...... of any kind are, however, 50 % more likely to be denied access to research materials by others, but this is not affected by being funded specifically by industry...

  3. 建设社会主义新农村背景下的甘肃省农村金融体系重构%Restructuring of Rural Financial System in Gansu Province Amid the Construction of Socialist New Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    司睿

    2011-01-01

    The primary objective for rural financial reform is to establish a financial system that could sustain the development of agriculture,farmers and rural areas.Due to the absence of financial players in rural financial system in Gansu Province,it is required to restructure the financial system to adapt for agricultural development and underpin the construction of socialist new countryside.Specifically,the restructuring covers not only the banking sector,but also agricultural insurance,asset management,lease and other financial sectors.The detailed path shall be selected according to the objective of rural financial system construction.%农村金融改革和支农服务的首要目标是建立起一个能满足三农发展的金融体系。甘肃省农村金融体系存在金融主体稀缺等问题,为更好服务社会主义新农村建设,必须重构与农业发展相适应的金融体系。农村金融体系的重构内容除了银行业,还应包括农业保险、资产管理、期货等其他金融业。甘肃省农村金融体系重构应依据农村金融体系建设的目标做出相应路径选择。

  4. Dilemma and Countermeasures of Rural Human Resources in the Construction of New Countryside%新农村建设中农村人力资源配置的困境与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏卫红

    2011-01-01

    对新农村建设中人力资源配置问题进行了研究,结果表明:单一的计划型和市场型人力资源配置方式,以及由此产生的城乡二元化经济发展格局现实是造成我国农村人力资源配置质量和效率低下的历史和现实根源.结合我国当前人力资源配置现状,提出了未来农村人力资源的配置方式,即坚持政府宏观调控与市场基础性配置相结合为主的综合型人力资源配置方式,通过综合策略、多管齐下实现城乡人力资源的一体化发展.%The arrangement of human resources in the new countryside construction was studied. Result suggested that the simple planned and market human resources arrangement and the urban-rural duel economy development form was the historical and realistic root of poor quality and efficiency of human resources in rural China. Considering the current human resources in China, the arrangement of human resources in the rural area in future was proposed which was to adhere to the comprehensive human resources arrangement by combining government macro-govern with the market infrastructure, and to materialize the development of urban and rural human resources through comprehensive strategy and many channels.

  5. 农村财务管理在构建和谐新农村中的问题与对策%Countryside finance management in constructing harmonious countryside's problem and countermeasure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李海燕

    2012-01-01

    Rural financial management is the central focus for cadres and farmers in rural areas.It plays a very important role in keeping the social situation stable,maintaining close relationships between the Party,cadres,and masses,and promoting rural economic development.The current situation,however,is not perfect due to management disorder,inconsistent accounting practices,a lack of supervision,and many other problems that cannot be ignored.These issues have a major impact on the development of rural economies and social harmony,and urgent measures are needed to solve these problems.Only then can we promote a healthy,stable,and rapidly developing socialist countryside.%农村财务管理问题一直是农村广大干部和农民关注的热点和焦点问题,做好农村财务管理工作对于稳定农村社会大局,密切党群、干群关系,促进农村经济的发展有着十分重要的作用。目前农村财务管理中还存在管理混乱、会计核算不规范、缺乏监督等许多不容忽视的问题,严重影响农村经济的发展及社会的和谐,迫切需要采取措施解决这些问题,以推进社会主义新农村稳定、健康和快速发展。

  6. IMPROVING ACCESS TO DRUGS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Max Joseph Herman

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Although essentially not all therapies need drug intervention, drugs is still an important components in health sector, either in preventive, curative, rehabilitative or promotion efforts. Hence the access to drugs is a main problem, either in international or national scale even to the smallest unit. The problem on access to drugs is very complicated and cannot be separated especially from pharmacy management problems; moreover in general from the overall lack of policy development and effective of health policy, and also the implementation process. With the policy development and effective health policy, rational drug uses, sufficient health service budget so a country can overcome the health problems. Besides infrastructures, regulations, distribution and cultural influences; the main obstacles for drug access is drugs affordability if the price of drugs is an important part and determined by many factors, especially the drug status whether is still patent orgenerics that significantly decrease cost of health cares and enhance the drugs affordability. The determination of essential drug prices in developing countries should based on equity principal so that poor people pay cheaper and could afford the essential drugs. WHO predicts two third of world population can not afford the essential drugs in which in developing countries, some are because of in efficient budget allocation in consequence of drug distribution management, including incorrect selection and allocation and also irrational uses. In part these could be overcome by enhancing performances on the allocation pharmacy needs, including the management of information system, inventory management, stock management and the distribution. Key words: access, drugs, essential drugs, generic drugs

  7. Open access / accesso aperto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Chiara Pievatolo

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Sto collaborando, per la voce Open access, a un e-book a più mani dal titolo Le parole dell’innovazione. Ricorro all’archivio Marini per mettere a disposizione di tutti una versione estesa del mio lemma. Non dice nulla di nuovo rispetto al già noto; può però essere utile a chi sia completamente disinformato sul tema.

  8. [Complex vascular access].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangiarotti, G; Cesano, G; Thea, A; Hamido, D; Pacitti, A; Segoloni, G P

    1998-03-01

    Availability of a proper vascular access is a basic condition for a proper extracorporeal replacement in end-stage chronic renal failure. However, biological factors, management and other problems, may variously condition their middle-long term survival. Therefore, personal experience of over 25 years has been critically reviewed in order to obtain useful information. In particular "hard" situations necessitating complex procedures have been examined but, if possible, preserving the peripherical vascular features.

  9. Pen talk on the construction of agricultural informatization in countryside%“农村农业信息化建设”笔谈——中国农村信息化建设的六大要务——基于省域视角及示范省的实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李道亮

    2012-01-01

    Rural agricultural informatization is a strategic method for cordinating the development in urban and rural as well as promoting the construction of new countryside and modern agriculture.We invite four domestic experts to illustrate the issue more clearly.Professor Li Daoliang believes that informatization is a system engineering in rural China which should set farmers' benefit as the center.He suggestes that the work must focus on the following tasks in accordance with the principles of resources integration and resources building and sharing: the multidimensional organization of integrated management system,provincial rural information service platform,"interoperability" information access,information platform at the basic level in rural areas,sustainable construction of the operational mechanism,and building of a major demonstration project.Based on the current problems of agricultural informatization,such as "digital divide",lack of resources integration and quality information,lag of information service,Professor Liao Guiping advises to take some measures: to integrate the overall resources so as to establish a service pattern with double terminals and networks,to deepen the connotation of agricultural information and trainning service which was based on the needs,to overall plan and perfect the rural agricultural information service which includes public rural service system,socializational rural entrepreneurial system and plurality sci-tech service system.Professor Zhu Fangchang thinks that the rural informatization still exists many difficulites though it has changed the sci-tech service in several aspects: organizational structure,participational subjects,service manners.He then suggests that the informatization of agricultural sciences and technology should focus on the coordinated development of resource sharing,empowerment services team,combining of the characteristics of non-profit and profit-making,paying attention to the integration

  10. Broadband access development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quayle, Alan; Faulkner, David W.

    1996-11-01

    In upgrading the access network to be broadband capable, re- use of existing infrastructure is essential to manage the risk associated with this development. FTTCab (fiber to the cabinet) has been proposed as an architecture that can make this development economic to provide 12 Mbit/s to the customer and 2 Mbit/s back into the network. The FTTCab architecture uses an optical fiber overlay to an active node sited at the primary cross-connect point (PCP) in the copper access network. Frequency multiplexing allows the copper pair infrastructure to be re-used without changing the existing narrowband services. FTTCab is at the mid-point of a range of access topologies with respect to the siting of the DSL (digital subscriber loop) technology. The DSL modem can be sited at the home, curb, cabinet, or in the exchange to suit a range of distance/capacity requirements. This enables a simple revolution of the current network to FTTCab, and allows the architecture to be flexed to satisfy particular business needs.

  11. Open-Access Publishing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nedjeljko Frančula

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Nature, one of the most prominent scientific journals dedicated one of its issues to recent changes in scientific publishing (Vol. 495, Issue 7442, 27 March 2013. Its editors stressed that words technology and revolution are closely related when it comes to scientific publishing. In addition, the transformation of research publishing is not as much a revolution than an attrition war in which all sides are buried. The most important change they refer to is the open-access model in which an author or an institution pays in advance for publishing a paper in a journal, and the paper is then available to users on the Internet free of charge.According to preliminary results of a survey conducted among 23 000 scientists by the publisher of Nature, 45% of them believes all papers should be published in open access, but at the same time 22% of them would not allow the use of papers for commercial purposes. Attitudes toward open access vary according to scientific disciplines, leading the editors to conclude the revolution still does not suit everyone.

  12. ADOPT Open Access

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    Are you writing a theoretical paper? An experimental one? Or one about instrumentation? You can publish it in Open Access. Now. Read how... You might have heard about Open Access, the next big thing in scientific publishing. The idea is to make the results of your (publicly funded) research free to read for everyone out there ... not only those lucky ones who work in places where libraries can afford to purchase the expensive subscriptions to scientific journals. CERN, DESY and other particle physics institutes have accepted an offer by one of the leading journals in High Energy Physics, JHEP: our libraries will pay a special subscription fee, and, in exchange, all articles with at least one author from our institutes will be published in Open Access. Anyone, anywhere and anytime will be able to read them, without any financial barrier! If you are writing an instrumentation paper, you can submit it to JINST and benefit from the same offer. This is a major step forward in the planned conversion of existi...

  13. Digital imaging access library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, Jay F.; Hansen, Mark; Francoise, James J.; Leckie, Robert G.; Smith, Donald V.

    1994-05-01

    The ability to access a vast array of radiological and pathologic diagnoses through computer searches of local medical facility databases is a by-product of the continued development of filmless imaging systems. The Department of Defense (DoD) Medical Diagnostic Imaging Support initiative is expanding through the addition of on-line systems at several DoD health care facilities. Madigan Army Medical Center, as the initial site, will soon be 90% filmless, with over one million images archived. Multiple other DoD medical centers are under installation. The eventual goal is an interconnected network of PACS systems of DoD medical centers and their supported medical facilities throughout the United States. To access this potential pool of medical information requires a centralized database capable of acting as a diagnostic index system. The establishment of a multi-center film library index begins with an initial analysis of issues regarding data storage and access, indexing, cross-coding with pathological files, communication formats, cost sharing, and patient confidentiality. In initiating these first steps to developing this telecommunications library these issues and their implications are discussed. The final implementation of this system will facilitate markedly improved research and teaching capabilities in both radiological and pathological fields.

  14. 新农村建设中农村公共服务部门人力资源开发研究%Research on Human Resources Development of Rural Public Service Departments in New Countryside Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李忠东

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of defining related concepts concerning human resources in rural public service departments, this paper analyses the overall status quo of human resources in China's rural public service departments and points out the problems existing in human resources in China's rural public service departments during new countryside construction as follows: first, the constitution structure is not rational; second , the cultural quality of staff is universally low, and the business capacity remains to be promoted; third, the improvement of human resources development environment lags behind, and the supporting reform is short. In the context of new countryside construction, the opportunities faced by the human resources in China's rural public service departments are as follows: China has elevated strengthening new countryside construction and rural talents construction as important state development strategy; the ideas of service-oriented government and learning-oriented government are put forward; civil servant system is overhauled. Therefore, I advance the development strategy of human resources in China's rural public service departments as follows: implement elastic personnel system reform in public service departments (including civil servant positions in department) , to form the public service personnel system of "able one comes in, mediocre one moves over and shiftless one steps down"; audaciously promote young and middle-aged grass-roots cadres with strong business ability, high political quality, acute judgement and decision-making ability; build leaming-oriented grass-roots public service organization, to make the staff in rural pubic service departments study assiduously and progress; broaden horizon, and build the human resources development system geared to international standards; in developed regions, the human resources in grass-roots public service departments should introduce enterprise competition model.%在界定农村公共服务部门人

  15. Web accessibility standards and disability: developing critical perspectives on accessibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewthwaite, Sarah

    2014-01-01

    Currently, dominant web accessibility standards do not respect disability as a complex and culturally contingent interaction; recognizing that disability is a variable, contrary and political power relation, rather than a biological limit. Against this background there is clear scope to broaden the ways in which accessibility standards are understood, developed and applied. Commentary. The values that shape and are shaped by legislation promote universal, statistical and automated approaches to web accessibility. This results in web accessibility standards conveying powerful norms fixing the relationship between technology and disability, irrespective of geographical, social, technological or cultural diversity. Web accessibility standards are designed to enact universal principles; however, they express partial and biopolitical understandings of the relation between disability and technology. These values can be limiting, and potentially counter-productive, for example, for the majority of disabled people in the "Global South" where different contexts constitute different disabilities and different experiences of web access. To create more robust, accessible outcomes for disabled people, research and standards practice should diversify to embrace more interactional accounts of disability in different settings. Implications for Rehabilitation Creating accessible experiences is an essential aspect of rehabilitation. Web standards promote universal accessibility as a property of an online resource or service. This undervalues the importance of the user's intentions, expertize, their context, and the complex social and cultural nature of disability. Standardized, universal approaches to web accessibility may lead to counterproductive outcomes for disabled people whose impairments and circumstances do not meet Western disability and accessibility norms. Accessible experiences for rehabilitation can be enhanced through an additional focus on holistic approaches to

  16. Influence of the Policy of Household Appliances to the Countryside on the Consumption of Rural Residents%家电下乡政策对农村居民消费影响分析——基于经验数据的实证分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田洪刚

    2011-01-01

    Based on the analysis of influential factors to the sales volume of household appliances to the countryside and economtric model,the question of whether the policy of household appliances to the countryside changed farmers' consumption was expounded. Test results suggested that after carrying out the policy, farmers life consumption increased 11.69% than that in the same period the year before. But the income elasticity coefficient of demand hadn't changed. In order to expand rural residents consumption, it was suggested to build and perfect a full countryside insurance system, to increase investment and promote new consumption ideas which was adapt to the market economy.%通过分析了影响家电下乡产品销售颠的影响因素,通过计量经济模型检验了"家电下乡"政策是否促使农村居民消费改变.检验结果表明,实行"家电下乡"政策后,农民生活消费同比增加了11.69%,但生活消费的收入弹性并没有变化.在此基础上为扩大农村居民消费,提出了建立和健全农村社会保障体系、加大对农村的投资、倡导与市场经济相适应的新型消费观念等对策.

  17. Utopian Socialist’s Ideas about City -countryside Union and the Modernization of Agriculture%现代城乡关系与农业现代化何以可能--重读19世纪空想社会主义学说

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    屈婷

    2014-01-01

    现代城乡分工的发展在推动社会转型的同时不可避免地造成社会结构的分裂,亦即城乡二元结构的形成。城乡二元结构的突出矛盾是工业城市本身的弊病和农村的落后与贫困。19世纪空想社会主义站在现代工业的立场上,探讨了如何克服工业城市弊病以及农业在现代资本和工商业的条件下如何发展的问题。其中涌现的城乡结合与农业现代化思想对于我们统筹城乡发展、避免城乡二元结构的问题,至今仍然具有启发意义。%The development of modern urban -rural labor division ,while promoting social transformation ,has inevitably led to the split of social structure ,that is ,the formation of urban-rural dual structure .Two prominent contradictions of urban-rural dual structure are the shortcomings of industrial city and the backwardness and poverty of the countryside .Three 19th-century utopian socialists ,from the perspective of modern industry ,probed into the questions of how to overcome the malpractice of industrial cities and how to develop agriculture under the condition of modern capital and businesses .Their ideas about city-countryside union and the modernization of agriculture are still illuminating for us today in terms of how to promote urbanization with the development of the countryside ,that is ,how to avoid the urban-rural dual structure problem during the process of urbanization .

  18. ITAINNOVA AIDA-2020 Transnational Access

    CERN Multimedia

    ITAINNOVA, Zaragoza, Spain

    2017-01-01

    The AIDA-2020 Transnational Access program offers access to 10 European facilities, including the Electromagnetic Compatibility Laboratory (EMClab) at Instituto Tecnológico de Aragón (ITAINNOVA) in Spain.

  19. UCLouvain AIDA-2020 Transnational Access

    CERN Multimedia

    Universite catholique de Louvain, Belgium

    2016-01-01

    The AIDA-2020 Transnational Access program offers access to 10 European facilities, including the Centre de Recherche du Cyclotron (CRC) at the Universite catholique de Louvain (UCLouvain) in Belgium.

  20. Research on Famers' Vocational Education under the Backdrop of the Comprehensive Well-Off Society-A Case Study from Teaching Activities in the Countryside%小康社会背景下的农民职业教育研究——以“送教下乡”为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张华东; 王晓; 王伟; 崔晓燕

    2013-01-01

    结合中国农业大学烟台研究院在烟台市开展的“送教下乡”活动,通过分析其具体运作模式及有关问题,探讨了适宜我国经济发展现状的农民职教之路.%On the basis of teaching activities in the countryside,the operation mode and related problems were analyzed and discussed,and try to find a suitable way to promote the vocational teaching of the peasantry.

  1. Access to the city

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andreasen, Manja Hoppe; Møller-Jensen, Lasse

    2017-01-01

    reveals a widespread, near-to-universal, dependence on motorized transportation, with the vast majority depending on public transport. Raster-based modelling of overall accessibility provides an indication of the very high travel times endured by residents in the periphery. The analysis identifies...... and distinguishes between three overall mode types: 1) Private car, 2) public transport and 3) motorcycle/car combined with public transport. While private cars appear marginally faster, differences in travel times are actually limited. This suggests that travel times are less influenced by mode of transport than...

  2. Accessing vs Sourcing Knowledge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Awate, Snehal; Larsen, Marcus M.; Mudambi, Ram

    2015-01-01

    Research and development (R&D) internationalization is on the rise for advanced economy multinationals (AMNEs) as well as emerging economy multinationals (EMNEs). We study EMNE R&D internationalization by comparing it to that by AMNEs in the context of an emerging, knowledge-intensive industry. We...... to get on par with industry leaders. An in-depth comparison of knowledge flows reveals that within AMNEs, headquarters often serves the primary source of knowledge for R&D subsidiaries. In contrast, within EMNEs, headquarters accesses knowledge from R&D subsidiaries in advanced economies for innovation...

  3. Why Open Access?

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    As mentioned in the previous editorial (López-López, 2015), Suber’s (2015) book is a significant contribution that we can use to clarify the limits and the scope of Open Access (OA), and it is also helpful in explaining confusions and inaccuracies that are widespread in our communities, which are not quite ready to face the accelerated changes that are being generated by the new dynamics of scientific output and communication (Gallegos, Berra, Benito, & López-López, 2014). Suber (2015) st...

  4. Some self-access principles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucy Cooker

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article, I will describe how the Self-Access Learning Centre (SALC at Kanda University of International Studies (KUIS was established, and discuss some of the personal philosophies of self-access centres (SACs and self-access learning that I have developed over the eight years of being associated with this centre.

  5. Online Information Source & Access Method

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Online resources play important role in research and development of the country. So, LIS professional are interested in accessing and guiding users and readers to all available information sources. This article highlighted and described the availability of online information sources, open access e-journals and its access method.

  6. EPICS: Channel Access security design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kraimer, M.; Hill, J.

    1994-05-01

    This document presents the design for implementing the requirements specified in: EPICS -- Channel Access Security -- functional requirements, Ned. D. Arnold, 03/09/92. Use of the access security system is described along with a summary of the functional requirements. The programmer`s interface is given. Security protocol is described and finally aids for reading the access security code are provided.

  7. Accessibility and inclusion informational

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica Sena de Souza

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Discusses the role of information professionals in meeting the informational demands of people with disabilities in the information society. The librarian is crucial for the effectiveness and success in the informational inclusion of people with disabilities, considering also continuing education for their professional qualification.Objective: To provide reflections on the role of the librarian in serving users with disabilities, highlighting the need for improvement in information units, identified in the scientific literature with regard to accessibility.Methodology: Literature search, based on a review of literature in books and scientific papers, highlighting the main authors: Adams (2000, Mazzoni (2001 and Sassaki (1997, 2002, 2005.Results: The lack of informational access for people with disabilities hampers their social and political participation, hence, reduces its condition of citizenship.Conclusion: The librarian responsible for seeking continuing education, greater involvement in the events of the area and the constant search for job training, which will reflect on the best service the information needs of users with disabilities.

  8. Challenges of open access

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Douglas, J.

    1994-09-01

    As utilities provide open access to their transmission grids under new federal regulations, the volume of bulk power transactions is expected to rise sharply - putting a strain on already heavily loaded delivery systems. Can everybody ride a grid that was designed to be operated in a simpler business environment New EPRI software and analysis methods can help utilities cope with the practical problems that open access brings, such as accurately calculating the costs of providing transmission services to third parties and operating power systems closer to their inherent technical limits. A variety of power system analysis programs are already available for planning purposes, and on-line versions for use by operations personnel are beginning to enter utility demonstration. In addition, new resource scheduling and generation control software can help utilities reduce the total cost of electricity production by up to 3%. A decision framework has also been prepared that a utility can use to integrate technical information about its power system with overall corporate strategy.

  9. Metropolitan Access Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slavko Šarić

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available The optical fibre is the highest quality transmission mediumfor broadband services, and therefore the new access cablenetwork has to be realized to the greatest extent and as closeas possible to the subscriber by means of the optical fibre cables,in accordance with the possibilities of the telecommunicationoperator. The development of digital technology in commutations,supported by the increasingly powerful systems of processorcontrol, development of optical communications andtransport technologies in the framework of SDH concepts, arereflected on the access telecommunication networks of the urbanareas. Urban areas are the most profitable regions in telecommunications.In planning of urban optical networks the fact should betaken as a guideline that only a well-organised urban networkwill allow high quality of service provision of the leased cablesto the end points of business customers.Business customers have greater requirements for the networkreliability, flexibility and maintainability, for the sake ofundisturbed telecommunication traffic.The optical medium based technology- FITL (fiber in theloop, provides almost limitless upgrading of the system regardingthe transmission bandwidths, as well as adaptation to allthe future customers' requirements.Considering the increase in the price of installing the coppercables, the prices of electronics and optical components arecontinuously falling. The application of the optical medium isincreasing and becoming more cost-effective, and due to higherreliability of the optical transmission systems the maintenancecosts are reduced.

  10. Function-Based Access Control (FBAC): From Access Control Matrix to Access Control Tensor

    OpenAIRE

    Desmedt, Yvo; Shaghaghi, Arash

    2016-01-01

    Security researchers have stated that the core concept behind current implementations of access control predates the Internet. These assertions are made to pinpoint that there is a foundational gap in this field, and one should consider revisiting the concepts from the ground up. Moreover, Insider threats, which are an increasing threat vector against organizations are also associated with the failure of access control. Access control models derived from access control matrix encompass three ...

  11. Comunicazione e Open Access

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orazio Maria Valastro

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Il potenziale editoriale della rivista, sebbene compia appena il suo terzo anno di attività, è considerevole: basti pensare che la scelta fondante una parte del progetto editoriale, la pubblicazione di testi integrali, accessibili liberamente e gratuitamente su formato html, ha permesso l’accrescersi costante della consultazione delle pagine web pubblicate su internet e del numero dei visitatori che hanno avuto accesso agli articoli diffusi per ogni numero trimestrale. Condividendo e promuovendo i principi dell’Open-Access, il libero accesso al patrimonio culturale e scientifico, partecipando ad una comunicazione scientifica che favorisca una democratizzazione della conoscenza, si è inoltre indotto un valore aggiunto allo strumento editoriale: la valorizzazione della produzione scientifica e degli stessi contributi degli autori, insieme all’ampia divulgazione dei contenuti, liberamente accessibili da qualsiasi luogo del mondo tramite una connessione ad internet.

  12. Access For All

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Ove Kjeld; Hjulmand, Christian

    2005-01-01

    . There is a clear need for a free internet based Danish text-to-speech synthesizer. Furthermore, the current state of technology i.e. internet bandwidth, response time and server technology is sufficient for setting up an online automatic reading service that is used by steadily growing number of individuals......Approximately 30% of the Danish population has severe problems in reading everyday text. In the light of the increasing amount of text available on the Internet this poses a democratic challenge to ensure “equal access” to information. The Talking Internet service - Access For All (AFA) - offers...... a free Internet-based tool for reading aloud any marked text with a synthetic voice. The only requirements are a standard equipped PC running a recent Windows OS and an Internet connection. Experiences gathered from running the service for more than 28 months underline the viability of the concept...

  13. Random Access Transport Capacity

    CERN Document Server

    Andrews, Jeffrey G; Kountouris, Marios; Haenggi, Martin

    2009-01-01

    We develop a new metric for quantifying end-to-end throughput in multihop wireless networks, which we term random access transport capacity, since the interference model presumes uncoordinated transmissions. The metric quantifies the average maximum rate of successful end-to-end transmissions, multiplied by the communication distance, and normalized by the network area. We show that a simple upper bound on this quantity is computable in closed-form in terms of key network parameters when the number of retransmissions is not restricted and the hops are assumed to be equally spaced on a line between the source and destination. We also derive the optimum number of hops and optimal per hop success probability and show that our result follows the well-known square root scaling law while providing exact expressions for the preconstants as well. Numerical results demonstrate that the upper bound is accurate for the purpose of determining the optimal hop count and success (or outage) probability.

  14. Access and History

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Erik Granly

    2012-01-01

    Like many other major European media corporations the Danish Broadcasting Corporation (DR) has begun the digitisation of its audio-visual archives. This transformation from analogue to digital archives raises a number of questions regarding the archive specific character, history and content...... will present the historical broadcast archive from a cultural historical and media policy perspective, suggesting that the cultural heritage of state owned audio-visual archives remains a contested area not only due to the existing copyright laws but to aspects of historical contextualisation as well...... of the broadcast material. Furthermore, the digitisation process renders visible a number of problems. This includes possible access for researchers, general availability of the content, permission to present archival material in the public domain, problems all related to intellectual property rights. The article...

  15. AccessCulture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valtysson, Bjarki

    in cultural production and consumption. The first part of this works looks at how these changes respond to the field of cultural policy, as well as suggesting a possible culturepolitical reaction in a model which I refer to as access culture. In terms of theoretical approach, the notion of digital cultural...... on the system, the lifeworld, and the inter-mediating public sphere, and in order to adapt his theory better to the network society, I make much use of Manuel Castells' theories on the global network of new media and the culture of realvirtuality. Finally, the third main theoretician which I make use of, is Lev...... and the Audiovisual Media Services Directive from 2007. In order to exemplify the functions of digital cultural public spheres adequately, I therefore take a thorough look at EU's interventions within the cultural, media and communication sectors. Finally, I also analyse projects and programmes that the European...

  16. Land-use planning for both city and countryside in Shanghai%土地利用规划既要“进好城”又要“下好乡”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石忆邵

    2015-01-01

    Based on the actual situation in Shanghai, this study discusses the objective necessity of land-use planning for both city and countryside, and puts forward new tasks for land-use planning against the background of new urbanization. The author argues that land-use planning of Shanghai’s central city remains indispensable, while land-use planning of Shanghai’s outskirts needs further deepening and reifning. Currently, the main tasks are as follows: (1) to maintain and expand the ecological space network system and to enhance the level of economical and intensive land utilization continuously; (2) to advance in-depth interactive coordination between industrial development and urban construction and to speed up the construction of the urban–agricultural complex city; and (3) to expand public space persistently in the spatial reconstruction of urban and rural areas.%针对上海的实际情况,讨论了土地利用规划既要“进城”又要“下乡”的客观必要性,提出了新型城镇化背景下土地利用规划的新课题。本文认为:上海中心城区的土地利用规划依然必不可少,郊区的土地利用规划有待进一步深化和细化;当前的主要任务是:一要在维护和拓展生态空间网络体系的同时,不断提升土地节约集约利用水平;二要在深度推进产城融合发展进程中,加快建设都农融合城市;三要在城乡空间重构中,持续拓展公共空间。

  17. Research on Causes of Occurrence of Corruption in the Countryside of China and Corresponding Solutions%我国农村腐败现象的发生机理及其规避机制探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗大蒙

    2013-01-01

      正处于社会转型期的我国农村地区,腐败现象极为严重,屡禁不止,并在一定程度上有失控态势。这既是人性自私动机驱使的结果,也存在文化方面的原因,同时制度和法制的漏洞也为基层腐化留下了极大的空间。要有效地整治农村基层腐败,需要建立健全预防和惩处腐败体系,把对人性和社会风气的正确引导与民主制度建设、完善监管体系、加大惩处力度等有机结合起来,多管齐下,从而遏制腐败的滋生蔓延。%Chinese countryside areas are in the period of the social transformation, so corruption is ex-tremely serious despite repeated prohibition, and to some extent it has a tendency to be out of control. It is not only the result of being driven by the human�s selfish motivations, but also the result of cultural attribution. At the same time, the vulnerabilities of both institutional and legal system leave a great deal of space for the grass-roots level corruption. Establishing and improving the system of preventing and punishing corruption are needed in the process of effective regulation in rural grass-roots level corruption, which combines the correct guidance of humanity with the social morality and the construction of democratic system, the improvement of the regulato-ry system, the intensification of sterner punishment and so on. The multi-pronged approach could thoroughly prevent the growth and spread of corruption.

  18. Chemists, Access, Statistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmes, Jon L.

    2000-06-01

    New JCE Internet Feature at JCE Online Biographical Snapshots of Famous Chemists is a new JCE Internet feature on JCE Online. Edited by Barbara Burke, this feature provides biographical information on leading chemists, especially women and minority chemists, fostering the attitude that the practitioners of chemistry are as human as those who endeavor to learn about it. Currently, the column features biographical "snapshots" of 30 chemists. Each snapshot includes keywords and bibliography and several contain links to additional online information about the chemist. More biographical snapshots will appear in future installments. In addition, a database listing over 140 women and minority chemists is being compiled and will be made available online with the snapshots in the near future. The database includes the years of birth and death, gender and ethnicity, major and minor discipline, keywords to facilitate searching, and references to additional biographical information. We welcome your input into what we think is a very worthwhile resource. If you would like to provide additional biographical snapshots, see additional chemists added to the database, or know of additional references for those that are already in the database, please contact JCE Online or the feature editor. Your feedback is welcome and appreciated. You can find Biographical Snapshots of Famous Chemists starting from the JCE Online home page-- click the Features item under JCE Internet and then the Chemist Bios item. Access JCE Online without Name and Password We have recently been swamped by libraries requesting IP-number access to JCE Online. With the great benefit IP-number authentication gives to librarians (no user names and passwords to administer) and to their patrons (no need to remember and enter valid names and passwords) this is not surprising. If you would like access to JCE Online without the need to remember and enter a user name and password, you should tell your librarian about our

  19. Access Request Trustworthiness in Weighted Access Control Framework

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Lun-wei; LIAO Xiang-ke; WANG Huai-min

    2005-01-01

    Weighted factor is given to access control policies to express the importance of policy and its effect on access control decision. According to this weighted access control framework, a trustworthiness model for access request is also given. In this model, we give the measure of trustworthiness factor to access request, by using some idea of uncertainty reasoning of expert system, present and prove the parallel propagation formula of request trustworthiness factor among multiple policies, and get the final trustworthiness factor to decide whether authorizing. In this model, authorization decision is given according to the calculation of request trustworthiness factor, which is more understandable, more suitable for real requirement and more powerful for security enhancement than traditional methods. Meanwhile the finer access control granularity is another advantage.

  20. Public Access and Open Access: Is There a Difference? | Poster

    Science.gov (United States)

    By Robin Meckley, Contributing Writer, and Tracie Frederick, Guest Writer Open access and public access—are they different concepts or are they the same? What do they mean for the researchers at NCI at Frederick? “Open-access (OA) literature is digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. What makes it possible is the Internet and the consent of the author or copyright-holder,” according to an open access website maintained by Peter Suber, director, Harvard Open Access Project.

  1. Public Access and Open Access: Is There a Difference? | Poster

    Science.gov (United States)

    By Robin Meckley, Contributing Writer, and Tracie Frederick, Guest Writer Open access and public access—are they different concepts or are they the same? What do they mean for the researchers at NCI at Frederick? “Open-access (OA) literature is digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. What makes it possible is the Internet and the consent of the author or copyright-holder,” according to an open access website maintained by Peter Suber, director, Harvard Open Access Project.

  2. Controlling Access to RDF Graphs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flouris, Giorgos; Fundulaki, Irini; Michou, Maria; Antoniou, Grigoris

    One of the current barriers towards realizing the huge potential of Future Internet is the protection of sensitive information, i.e., the ability to selectively expose (or hide) information to (from) users depending on their access privileges. Given that RDF has established itself as the de facto standard for data representation over the Web, our work focuses on controlling access to RDF data. We present a high-level access control specification language that allows fine-grained specification of access control permissions (at triple level) and formally define its semantics. We adopt an annotation-based enforcement model, where a user can explicitly associate data items with annotations specifying whether the item is accessible or not. In addition, we discuss the implementation of our framework, propose a set of dimensions that should be considered when defining a benchmark to evaluate the different access control enforcement models and present the results of our experiments conducted on different Semantic Web platforms.

  3. 韩国新村运动及对我国新农村建设的有益启示%The South Korean New Village Movement and the Inspiratiion the Chinese New Countryside Construction Should Draw from It

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李水山

    2012-01-01

    Abstract: The industrialization and coumry a quite serious imbalance urbanization advanced rapidly in South Korea in the 1960s caused to the between agriculture and industry and rather prominent rural problems. Based on the national and rural condition, the South Korean government and scholars organized and implemented the New Rural Construction and Development Movement through scientific argumentations and by closely combining economic development, technological development and national ethical construction successfully realized the harmonious great-leap-forward development of material and spiritual civilization in a developing capitalist country. The South Korean New Village Movement was conducted in the background: The national ethical level didn't match its social development; the agriculture was on the verge of collapse; great gaps existed both between agriculture and industry and between urban and rural areas; the rural economy lagged behind and the peasants lived in poverty; the rural culture was decadent and the rural common practice degenerated; the rural environment was polluted; and the rural management was in chaos. The social characteristics of the South Korean New Village Movement are shown as follows:Peasants" desire to get rid of poverty and become rich functions as the internal power of the movement and upgrades the movement as a new country building movement; the core of the New Village Movement lies in the New Village education; the government integrates with the masses, the south Korean people lead the movement, and scholars participate widely in the movement and play a positive role; and constructing a harmonious civilized citizen society becomes the greatest achievement of the movement. Therefore, it is suggested that the South Korean experience be used for reference to construct the Chinese socialist new countryside; the organizational and managemental system be made sound; the fiscal input system be perfected; surveys and

  4. The Effects of Psychological Intervention on the Mental Health of Old People Left Behind in the Countryside%心理干预对农村留守老人心理健康的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋英

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察综合心理辅导对改善农村留守老人心理健康状况的影响。方法:运用症状自评量表( ScL-90)和自编主观问卷,对河南农村留守老人心理健康现状进行调查,筛查出有轻重不等的心理问题的198人作为研究对象,随机选取93人为实验组,另外105人为对照组,对实验组实制定综合心理辅导措施施心理干预实验,比较在干预后(6个月)实验组与对照组Scl-90总分及各因子分的得分变化,以及实验组9个月复测Scl-90,观察总分及各因子分的得分变化。结果:横向对照研究,实验组留守老人Scl-90总分较对照组,改善差异具有非常显著性(P<0.01),其中躯体化、人际敏感、抑郁、焦虑、敌对、强迫6项因子得分低于对照组,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.01;P<0.05);实验组纵向研究,9个月后实验组Scl-90总分较实验前的改善差异具有非常显著性(P<0.01)。躯体化、人际敏感、抑郁、焦虑、敌对、强迫6项因子有改善,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.01;P<0.05)。结论:关注农村留守老人的心理健康问题,主动实施综合心理辅导对改善农村留守老人心理健康状况很有必要,心理干预前后有显著性差异。%Objective:To observe the effect of comprehensive psychological guidance to the improvement of mental health of old people left behind in the countryside.Methods:Using symptom Checklist-90 (ScL 90) and the self-made questionnaire to make the investi-gation of status of mental health of old people left behind in the Henan Province countryside, and then Screening of 198 people who have psychological problems of varying severity as the survey object, among them ,there are 93 person were randomly selected as the experimen-tal group, the other 105 as control group.The researcher made comprehensive psychological measures applied psychological

  5. ACCESSIBLE TOURISM - THE IGNORED OPPORTUNITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Souca Maria Luiza

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available To create a positive visitor experience, a key factor in obtaining economic benefits, the tourism industry must pay attention to all the elements that contribute to it, especially to accessibility. Visitor accessibility encompasses all tourism markets including seniors and people with disabilities, who have been defined through accessible tourism. This article offers a short presentation of the term accessible tourism, the existing research in the field and the main reasons why the worldwide tourism industry is seemly unaware of this particular market.

  6. Atomic memory access hardware implementations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahn, Jung Ho; Erez, Mattan; Dally, William J

    2015-02-17

    Atomic memory access requests are handled using a variety of systems and methods. According to one example method, a data-processing circuit having an address-request generator that issues requests to a common memory implements a method of processing the requests using a memory-access intervention circuit coupled between the generator and the common memory. The method identifies a current atomic-memory access request from a plurality of memory access requests. A data set is stored that corresponds to the current atomic-memory access request in a data storage circuit within the intervention circuit. It is determined whether the current atomic-memory access request corresponds to at least one previously-stored atomic-memory access request. In response to determining correspondence, the current request is implemented by retrieving data from the common memory. The data is modified in response to the current request and at least one other access request in the memory-access intervention circuit.

  7. Remote direct memory access

    Science.gov (United States)

    Archer, Charles J.; Blocksome, Michael A.

    2012-12-11

    Methods, parallel computers, and computer program products are disclosed for remote direct memory access. Embodiments include transmitting, from an origin DMA engine on an origin compute node to a plurality target DMA engines on target compute nodes, a request to send message, the request to send message specifying a data to be transferred from the origin DMA engine to data storage on each target compute node; receiving, by each target DMA engine on each target compute node, the request to send message; preparing, by each target DMA engine, to store data according to the data storage reference and the data length, including assigning a base storage address for the data storage reference; sending, by one or more of the target DMA engines, an acknowledgment message acknowledging that all the target DMA engines are prepared to receive a data transmission from the origin DMA engine; receiving, by the origin DMA engine, the acknowledgement message from the one or more of the target DMA engines; and transferring, by the origin DMA engine, data to data storage on each of the target compute nodes according to the data storage reference using a single direct put operation.

  8. Access2innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravn, Jacob

    Gennem de sidste årtier er der blevet sat fokus på samarbejde på tværs af organisatoriske skel som omdrejningspunkt og forudsætning for innovation af produkter, services, forretningsmodeller samt adgang til nye kunder og markeder. Denne udvikling kan også opleves indenfor nødhjælps-­‐ og udviklin......Gennem de sidste årtier er der blevet sat fokus på samarbejde på tværs af organisatoriske skel som omdrejningspunkt og forudsætning for innovation af produkter, services, forretningsmodeller samt adgang til nye kunder og markeder. Denne udvikling kan også opleves indenfor nødhjælps-­‐ og...... succesfuldt eksempel på innovation i netværk ved at have lagt grunden for etablering af Sky Watch og ViewWorld og søsat yderligere to partnerskaber omkring Den Grønne Generator og WorldBarrow. Erfaringen fra access2innovation er dog samtidigt, at udvikling og implementering af samarbejdet har været...

  9. Access to postacute rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buntin, Melinda Beeuwkes

    2007-11-01

    Each year, more than 10 million Medicare beneficiaries are discharged from acute care hospitals into postacute care (PAC) settings, including inpatient rehabilitation facilities, skilled nursing facilities, and homes with services from home health agencies. These beneficiaries include very frail and vulnerable elders, many of whom have suffered from an acute event such as a stroke or a fall resulting in hip fracture, all of whom are judged unable to return to their homes without further care. Whether beneficiaries receive PAC and the type and intensity of care they receive is influenced not only by clinical factors, but by nonclinical factors including provider supply and financing, especially Medicare's methods of payment. This article provides a definition of PAC and discusses the wide cross-sectional variation in the use of postacute rehabilitation. It then discusses recent changes to PAC provider payment that have raised concerns about access to postacute rehabilitation, trends in the use of PAC, and what these trends imply about the appropriateness of PAC as it is now delivered. It concludes by identifying issues about the policy and research implications of recent developments and the PAC literature reviewed.

  10. Monographs and Open Access

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geoffrey Crossick

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the project that I led for HEFCE on the implications of OA (open access for monographs and other long-form research publications. The likely requirement that books should be OA if submitted to the REF (Research Excellence Framework after next means that OA development must be based on an understanding of the importance of the monograph in the AHSS (arts, humanities and social sciences as well as the challenges involved in making the transition to online OA. The project focused on three issues and each is summarized in turn in the article: What is the place of the monograph and other long-form publications in AHSS disciplines that makes it so important? What is happening to the monograph and is there a crisis as some suggest? What are the issues involved in moving monographs into a digital and OA environment – not just the challenge of effective business models but also many other aspects of sustaining and enhancing the qualities of the monograph? These include third-party rights, technical challenges, licences and the need for international collaboration.

  11. Making Astronomy Accessible

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grice, Noreen A.

    2011-05-01

    A new semester begins, and your students enter the classroom for the first time. You notice a student sitting in a wheelchair or walking with assistance from a cane. Maybe you see a student with a guide dog or carrying a Braille computer. Another student gestures "hello” but then continues hand motions, and you realize the person is actually signing. You wonder why another student is using an electronic device to speak. Think this can't happen in your class? According to the U.S. Census, one out of every five Americans has a disability. And some disabilities, such as autism, dyslexia and arthritis, are considered "invisible” disabilities. This means you have a high probability that one of your students will have a disability. As an astronomy instructor, you have the opportunity to reach a wide variety of learners by using creative teaching strategies. I will share some suggestions on how to make astronomy and your part of the universe more accessible for everyone.

  12. Hybrid internet access

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arora, Vivek; Baras, John S.; Dillon, Douglas; Falk, Aaron; Suphasindhu, Narin

    1995-01-01

    Access to the Internet is either too slow (dial-up SLIP) or too expensive (switched 56 kbps, frame relay) for the home user or small enterprise. The Center for Satellite and Hybrid Communication Networks and Hughes Network Systems have collaborated using systems integration principles to develop a prototype of a low-cost hybrid (dial-up and satellite) newtork terminal which can deliver data from the Internet to the user at rates up to 160 kbps. An asymmetric TCP/IP connection is used breaking the network link into two physical channels: a terrestrial dial-up for carrying data from the terminal into the Internet and a receive-only satellite link carrying IP packets from the Internet to the user. With a goal of supporting bandwidth hungry Internet applications such as Mosaic, Gopher, and FTP, this system has been designed to support any Intel 80386/486 PC, any commercial TCP/IP package, any unmodified host on the Internet, and any of the routers, etc., within the Internet. The design exploits the following three observations: 1) satellites are able to offer high bandwidth connections to a large geographical area, 2) a receive-only VSAT is cheap to manufacture and easier to install than one which can also transmit, and 3) most computer users, especially those in a home environment, will want to consume much more information than they generate. IP encapsulation, or tunneling, issued to manipulate the TCP/IP protocols to route packets asymmetrically.

  13. Radio access selection in multi-radio access systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jorgušeski, L.; Litjens, R.; Zhiyi, C.; Nikookar, H.

    2007-01-01

    Future wireless access systems will be characterized by their heterogeneity from technological point of view. It is envisaged that in certain areas end-users will have a choice between various radio accesses (RAs) such as e.g. classical cellular networks (GSM, UMTS, WiMAX, etc), WLAN hot-spots, or o

  14. A Tibetan Countryside Doctor—Lhamo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    STARTING from the town of Ngapa County ill Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Sichuan Province, following a rugged, winding country road, against the current of the Dajin River, we drove for about an hour covering 29 kilometers to reach Serdru Village of Pade Township, Rongdar County. We met Tibetan doctor Lhamo wearing a bright national costume at the sanitation and medical station of Serdru Village. She is just over 40

  15. Labor's charm wins over countryside / Milda Seputyte

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seputyte, Milda

    2005-01-01

    Küsitluste järgi on Leedu Tööpartei toetus elanike seas tõusnud 25,3 protsendini. Juhul kui praegune peaminister Algirdas Brazauskas peaks skandaali tõttu ametist tagasi astuma, kavatseb sellele kohale kandideerida Tööpartei esimees Viktor Uspaskihh

  16. Labor's charm wins over countryside / Milda Seputyte

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seputyte, Milda

    2005-01-01

    Küsitluste järgi on Leedu Tööpartei toetus elanike seas tõusnud 25,3 protsendini. Juhul kui praegune peaminister Algirdas Brazauskas peaks skandaali tõttu ametist tagasi astuma, kavatseb sellele kohale kandideerida Tööpartei esimees Viktor Uspaskihh

  17. Querying Schemas With Access Restrictions

    CERN Document Server

    Benedikt, Michael; Ley, Clemens

    2012-01-01

    We study verification of systems whose transitions consist of accesses to a Web-based data-source. An access is a lookup on a relation within a relational database, fixing values for a set of positions in the relation. For example, a transition can represent access to a Web form, where the user is restricted to filling in values for a particular set of fields. We look at verifying properties of a schema describing the possible accesses of such a system. We present a language where one can describe the properties of an access path, and also specify additional restrictions on accesses that are enforced by the schema. Our main property language, AccLTL, is based on a first-order extension of linear-time temporal logic, interpreting access paths as sequences of relational structures. We also present a lower-level automaton model, Aautomata, which AccLTL specifications can compile into. We show that AccLTL and A-automata can express static analysis problems related to "querying with limited access patterns" that h...

  18. Bus Rapid Transit Accessibility Guidelines

    OpenAIRE

    Rickert, Tom

    2007-01-01

    In recent years helpful guides have appeared in both English and Spanish to assist planners and officials to construct accessible buildings and pedestrian infrastructure which are usable by seniors, persons with disabilities, and all others who especially benefit from universal design. Less has been written about access to public transport systems. Very little guidance is available concern...

  19. Achieving universal access to broadband

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Falch, Morten; Henten, Anders

    2009-01-01

    The paper discusses appropriate policy measures for achieving universal access to broadband services in Europe. Access can be delivered by means of many different technology solutions described in the paper. This means a greater degree of competition and affects the kind of policy measures...

  20. Accessibility on the Hudson River

    Science.gov (United States)

    Exceptional Parent, 2010

    2010-01-01

    This article describes how Beverly and Martin Ryfa, working with an architect who specializes in accessible design, were able to build a house that is handicap accessible for their 9-year-old daughter, Danielle, who suffered an intraventricular hemorrhage when she was three days old. The article describes the features of their house that make…

  1. IV access in dental practice.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Fitzpatrick, J J

    2009-04-01

    Intravenous (IV) access is a valuable skill for dental practitioners in emergency situations and in IV sedation. However, many people feel some apprehension about performing this procedure. This article explains the basic principles behind IV access, and the relevant anatomy and physiology, as well as giving a step-by-step guide to placing an IV cannula.

  2. Digital Image Representation and Access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mostafa, Javed

    1994-01-01

    Reviews the literature relating to the development and application of modern imaging technology between 1987 and 1993. Highlights include image representation, including image data, compression, and image formats; and image access, including indexing and modeling, user interface design, and distributed access. (143 references) (LRW)

  3. Accessibility Considerations for Hybrid Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behling, Kirsten

    2017-01-01

    This chapter explores the central questions and issues that faculty and administrators need to consider when designing and implementing hybrid courses to ensure that all students, including those with disabilities, have equal access. The author offers resources on faculty development programs, accessibility checklists, and online resources on…

  4. Editorial: Next Generation Access Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruffini, Marco; Cincotti, Gabriella; Pizzinat, Anna; Vetter, Peter

    2015-12-01

    Over the past decade we have seen an increasing number of operators deploying Fibre-to-the-home (FTTH) solutions in access networks, in order to provide home users with a much needed network access upgrade, to support higher peak rates, higher sustained rates and a better and more uniform broadband coverage of the territory.

  5. Get the right access rights!

    CERN Multimedia

    Rosaria Marraffino

    2015-01-01

    On 11 May, a major change concerning the requirements to access the CERN beam facilities was put in place and implemented in ADaMS in order to reduce the number of courses that people who need access to multiple installations have to follow. This revision includes dedicated safety training courses that replace, in particular, the “Safety during LS1” e-learning course, which is now to be considered obsolete.   CERN’s Access Distribution and Management System (ADaMS). As of 11 May, an important improvement was implemented in ADaMS (CERN’s Access Distribution and Management System) regarding the requisites to access safety zones. This change is closely related to the introduction of a generic e-learning course ("CERN Beam Facilities") covering the common risks and systems present in CERN's beam facilities. Two e-learning courses are no longer valid, nor available on the SIR (Safety Information Registration) catalogue: the &ld...

  6. 从《夷坚志》看宋代农村的雇佣劳动%On Wage Labor in the Countryside of Song Dynasty in Yi Jian Zhi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘树友

    2015-01-01

    Yi Jian Zhi, was written by Hong Mai, the famous scholar of the Southern Song Dynasty, and it is a marvelous clas-sical novel featured ghost stories, consisting of extensive phenomena about social economy and routine life of Song Dynasty. And it is of great historical value. Offering labor for sale to survive is the only choice for peasants being lack of producer goods. Many ways were introduced in Yi Jian Zhi, throughout the fields of production process and routine life. The employed labor force was distributed into non-productive area because of the limitation of the whole developing level of urban handicraft industry and social economy. Wage labor sold the labor force for lack of living material to support their families, which determines the feudal quality of wage labor in the countryside of Song Dynasty. The employment relationship had been formed between employer and wage labor, characterized with employment value:employer paid wage labor every day, or every month with cash. Labor just was paid and he was free and without personal bondage to employer. Wage labor could leave employer anytime. Wage labor was despised in society that indicated its social status very low.%南宋著名学者洪迈编撰的《夷坚志》,是一部搜罗广博、卷帙浩繁、内容宏富、气象万千的志怪小说集,蕴含大量宋代社会经济、生活珍贵资料,史料价值极高。缺少生产资料,出卖劳动力获取些许收入维持生计,是农民的不二选择,《夷坚志》记载了宋代农民基于各种原因出卖劳动力以维持生计的种种形式,遍及生产、生活各个领域。受城市手工业及社会经济发展整体水平局限,宋代农村雇佣劳动多分布于非生产性领域。雇佣劳动者“薄有赀业”,靠出卖动力补充生计,决定了宋代农村雇佣劳动的封建属性。雇主与雇佣劳动者普遍形成以“雇值”为纽带雇佣与被雇佣的关系,雇主按日、或按月以货币

  7. Viabilidade econômica da produção de eucalipto no interior de São Paulo = Economic viability of eucalyptus production in the countryside of São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helder Roberto Dota Janoselli

    2016-04-01

    culture in the city of São João da Boa Vista, countryside of the state of Sao Paulo. Hence, the cash flow was elaborated within a period of 14 years obtaining the indicators: Net Present Value [NPV]; Internal Rate of Return [IRR]; Payback period (Simple and Discounted, as well as sensitivity analysis. The economic indicators show that the establishment of eucalyptus cultivation, as proposed, with stump removal and the opportunity cost of land, proved to be unfeasible and not profitable for the investor. The NPV was R$ 40,808.70, but negative, IRR was 3.41% and the recovery time for the capital invested by simple payback was in 7.82 years and discounted payback in eight years. The same project with a different way of management, not removing the stumps, with the possibility of planting again, became feasible, with a positive NPV of R$ 6.802,85, IRR at 4.55% and the recovery time for the capital invested by simple payback in 7.82 years and discounted payback in eight years.

  8. 农村土地“以租代征”问题的法律研究%A Legal Study of "Lease Instead of Expropriation" Problem in Countryside

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨世建

    2012-01-01

    农村土地"以租代征"之所以屡禁不止,根源在于建设用地的国家管理制度。根据该制度,除兴办乡镇企业、乡镇公共事业等可以使用集体土地外,所有建设用地均需使用国有土地,然而,国有土地不仅指标有限,而且还要经过繁琐的转用审批手续和支付高昂的土地出让金,很多农村企业无力承担用地成本。因此,一律要求所有建设用地均使用国有土地,势必对农村的个体企业、私营企业造成事实歧视。为合理解决"以租代征"问题,应当考虑修改《土地管理法》,允许集体土地自由进入建设用地市场,同时鼓励中小企业与土地权利人通过市场交易方式实现建设用地自由流转,只有在市场交易失败时,国家才能强制征地。%It failed to prohibit "lease instead of expropriation" problem in countryside due to the national governance system of land for construction use.According to the system,state-owned land resources should be used for land construction except for township enterprises,township public utility,etc.,which can make use of collective land.However,there are many township enterprises can not afford the cost of land because of the limited state-owned land resources and the complicated approval procedures and high pay for land-transferring fees.Therefore,if all enterprises,including private and private-owned ones,are asked to use state-owned land for their production so that they would be treated unequally.In order to solve "lease instead of expropriation" problem,it is necessary to consider to implement Land Management Law to allow collective land be part of constructive land market freely,meanwhile,encourage small and medium sized enterprises trade with the land owner through market transaction.State can only take coercive measures to expropriate land if the market transaction fails.

  9. Tourism Development of Wuhu County under the Background of Constructing Beautiful Countryside%美丽乡村建设背景下芜湖县乡村旅游发展探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈启旺

    2013-01-01

      建设美丽乡村是社会主义新农村建设的一个有效载体,“美丽乡村”要求达到“四个美”,即规划科学布局美、村庄整治环境美、创业增收生活美、乡风文明素质美。发展乡村旅游是对推进我国农业转变发展方式、优化调整农业和农村产业结构、促进农民就业增收、建设美丽乡村、统筹城乡发展、拓展旅游业发展空间以及构建社会主义和谐社会具有重要的意义。芜湖县乡村旅游业发展具备良好的交通区位、文化资源、产业政策和客源市场等优势,同时也存在旅游市场影响力小、景点品位不突出、开发资金投入不足、基础设施及公共设施建设滞后等问题。在建设美丽乡村中芜湖县应采取积极参与区域旅游合作、科学合理编制旅游规划、加大旅游宣传营销力度、打造休闲旅游精品等措施来促进乡村旅游发展。%Beautiful country construction is an effective carrier of building new socialist villages. Beautiful country has four requirements or“four beauty”, namely the beauty of layout with scientific planning, the beauty of environment, the beauty of life with high income and the beauty of local custom. The development of rural tourism has great influence on advancing the developing mode change of agriculture in our country, optimizing agriculture and rural industry structure, stimulating farmer employment and income, constructing beautiful countryside, balancing urban and rural development, expanding tourism and building harmonious socialist society. Wuhu County rural tourism development has its advantages such as good traffic loca-tion, cultural resources, industry policy and market. At the same time there also exist some problems such as weak travel mar-ket influence, obscure scenic spots, inadequate development capital and delayed construction of infrastructure and public fa-cilities. In constructing beautiful villages, Wuhu County

  10. Increasing Access to Special Collections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricky Erway

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In an environment where we increasingly have access to a collective collection of digitized books, special collections will become increasingly invisible if they are not accessible online. In an era of increasing expectations and decreasing budgets, finding ways to streamline some of our processes is the best way to enable us to do more with less. This report details a number of investigations into how access to special collections can be increased. It includes guidance running the gamut from digitization and rights management to policies and procedures.

  11. SM18 Visits and Access

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

      VISITS The rules and conditions to be followed for visits in the SM18 Hall are laid out in the EDMS 1205328 document. No visit is allowed without prior reservation.   ACCESS Special access right is needed ONLY from 7 p.m. to 7 a.m. and during week-ends. From 1 December, the current SM18 access database will be closed and a new one “SM18-OWH outside normal hours” started from scratch. Requests, via EDH SM18-OWH, will have to be duly justified.   For further information, please contact Evelyne Delucinge.

  12. Network Access Control For Dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Kelley, Jay; Wessels, Denzil

    2009-01-01

    Network access control (NAC) is how you manage network security when your employees, partners, and guests need to access your network using laptops and mobile devices. Network Access Control For Dummies is where you learn how NAC works, how to implement a program, and how to take real-world challenges in stride. You'll learn how to deploy and maintain NAC in your environment, identify and apply NAC standards, and extend NAC for greater network security. Along the way you'll become familiar with what NAC is (and what it isn't) as well as the key business drivers for deploying NAC.Learn the step

  13. Computer Security Systems Enable Access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riggen, Gary

    1989-01-01

    A good security system enables access and protects information from damage or tampering, but the most important aspects of a security system aren't technical. A security procedures manual addresses the human element of computer security. (MLW)

  14. Water Access Sites in Minnesota

    Data.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — This data shows the approximate locations of boat accesses in the state. This is not a comprehensive list but one that was generated through a cooperative effort....

  15. Charter Halibut Limited Access Program

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This limited access system limits the number of charter vessels that may participate in the guided sport fishery for halibut in area 2C and 3A. NMFS issues a charter...

  16. Access to Specialized Surgical Care

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    to reduce the global burden of disease (GBD), it is ... global players have supported efforts to improve access and safety of surgery ... (i) strengthening surgical services at district hospitals ... of the surrounding community and a model for other.

  17. MCBS Access to Care PUF

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The MCBS 2013 Access to Care public use file (MCBS PUF) provides the first publically available MCBS file for researchers interested in the health, health care use,...

  18. Assuring Access to Affordable Coverage

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Under the Affordable Care Act, millions of uninsured Americans will gain access to affordable coverage through Affordable Insurance Exchanges and improvements in...

  19. Managing data subject access requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffith, Richard

    2017-03-02

    The Data Protection Act 1998 requires district nurses to process personal patient data fairly and lawfully by keeping accurate, contemporaneous and secure records. Patients who have concerns about the accuracy of their record can seek access to the record under the 1998 Act. In this article, Richard Griffith considers the requirements for requesting and granting access to a patient to view and obtain a copy of their health record.

  20. Textual information access statistical models

    CERN Document Server

    Gaussier, Eric

    2013-01-01

    This book presents statistical models that have recently been developed within several research communities to access information contained in text collections. The problems considered are linked to applications aiming at facilitating information access:- information extraction and retrieval;- text classification and clustering;- opinion mining;- comprehension aids (automatic summarization, machine translation, visualization).In order to give the reader as complete a description as possible, the focus is placed on the probability models used in the applications

  1. 5 CFR 2606.203 - Granting access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Granting access. 2606.203 Section 2606... Access to Records and Accounting of Disclosures § 2606.203 Granting access. (a) The methods for allowing access to records, when such access has been granted by OGE or the other agency concerned are:...

  2. 10 CFR 1017.21 - Limited access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Limited access. 1017.21 Section 1017.21 Energy DEPARTMENT... INFORMATION Access to Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information § 1017.21 Limited access. (a) A person who is not eligible for routine access to specific UCNI under § 1017.20 may request limited access...

  3. 32 CFR 154.49 - Granting access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Granting access. 154.49 Section 154.49 National... SECURITY PROGRAM REGULATION Issuing Clearance and Granting Access § 154.49 Granting access. (a) Access to classified information shall be granted to persons whose official duties require such access and who have...

  4. 47 CFR 76.702 - Public access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Public access. 76.702 Section 76.702... CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Cable Television Access § 76.702 Public access. A cable operator may refuse to transmit any public access program or portion of a public access program that the operator...

  5. The necessity and possibility of higher vocational education of agriculture and forestry to serve the new socialist countryside construction%农林高职教育服务社会主义新农村建设的可能性与必要性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王翊覃

    2012-01-01

      新形势下,我国农业现代化的推进和“三农”问题的解决需要大批具有一定理论基础和技术,又具有一定管理生产能力的高素质劳动者,而在大农业背景下的农林高职教育所具有的职能和目标人才培养的特点则符合这一要求,这就使得农林高职教育服务社会主义新农村建设成为可能,而且非常必要。本文就农林高职教育服务社会主义新农村建设的可能性与必要性做一探讨。%  Under the new situation, the promotion of agriculture modernization in our country and the solving of"three farming"problems need high-quality workers with large quantities of certain theoretical foundation and technology, also has management production capacity, and the function of higher vocational education of agriculture and forestry under the background of big agriculture and the characteristics of personnel training target is consistent with the requirements, this makes higher vocational education of agriculture and forestry to serve the new socialist countryside construction becomes possible and necessary. The paper discusses the possibility and necessity of higher vocational education of agriculture and forestry to serve the new socialist countryside construction.

  6. 农村留守青少年成长问题及社会工作应对策略分析——以《学校社会工作》课程的实践为例%An Analysis of Remaining Child in the Countryside and Its Solution under Viewing of school social Work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯寿林; 廖颖; 朱为崎; 马小林

    2011-01-01

    农村留守青少年属于新式的弱势群体。该群体的成长问题事关和谐社会的持续发展和社会的稳定。由于父母亲情的缺失所引起的种种问题已得到学术界和政府相关部门的关注,但就针对该群体成长危机方面的解决措施而言,始终缺少一个合理、持久和有效的力量来协助该群体解决成长必须应对的危机。尝试在留守青少年集中的中学引入社会工作者,通过开展相关的社会工作实务活动后发现,学校社会工作者的介入能很好地解决这个问题。学校社会工作者充当多重角色,能充分利用多理论的指导和多种方法的交互运用,能及时、有效地关注并解决青少年成长过程中的心理需求%As a new Vulnerable groups,the problem of remaining child in the countryside is paid attention recently,the research indicats that the children re-mained in the countryside have a lot of problems.If these problems can't be solved well the children may not

  7. Endogenous average cost based access pricing

    OpenAIRE

    Fjell, Kenneth; Foros, Øystein; Pal, Debashis

    2006-01-01

    We consider an industry where a downstream competitor requires access to an upstream facility controlled by a vertically integrated and regulated incumbent. The literature on access pricing assumes the access price to be exogenously fixed ex-ante. We analyze an endogenous average cost based access pricing rule, where both firms realize the interdependence among their quantities and the regulated access price. Endogenous access pricing neutralizes the artificial cost advantag...

  8. VTrans Small Culvert Inventory - Access Holes

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — Vermont Agency of Transportation Small Culvert Inventory: Access Holes. This data contains access hole locations along VTrans maintained roadways. The data was...

  9. Accessibility of adolescent health services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Richter

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available Adolescents represent a large proportion of the population. As they mature and become sexually active, they face more serious health risks. Most face these risks with too little factual information, too little guidance about sexual responsibility and multiple barriers to accessing health care. A typical descriptive and explanatory design was used to determine what the characteristics of an accessible adolescent health service should be. Important results and conclusions that were reached indicate that the adolescent want a medical doctor and a registered nurse to be part of the health team treating them and they want to be served in the language of their choice. Family planning, treatment of sexually transmitted diseases and psychiatric services for the prevention of suicide are services that should be included in an adolescent accessible health service. The provision of health education concerning sexual transmitted diseases and AIDS is a necessity. The service should be available thought out the week (included Saturdays and within easy reach. It is recommended that minor changes in existing services be made, that will contribute towards making a health delivery service an adolescent accessible service. An adolescent accessible health service can in turn make a real contribution to the community’s efforts to improve the health of its adolescents and can prove to be a rewarding professional experience to the health worker.

  10. On Migrant Children's Right to Equal Access to Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIAN KAILIN; LIU XIAOLIANG

    2011-01-01

    @@ By "migrant children," we mean children living in cities with their parents who are migrants from the countryside.Under the current education system practiced in Chinese cities, the so-called "migrant children," as an underprivileged group, are often denied of the same right and opportunity to attend school as their counterparts in their host cities.While infringing upon a legitimate right of those "migrant children," this is adversely affecting the national endeavor to ensure fairness in education and the process of urbanization.

  11. Viabilidade econômica de uma clínica veterinária no interior de São Paulo = Economic viability of a veterinary clinic in the countryside of São Paulo state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helder Roberto Dota Janoselli

    2016-07-01

    objective of this study was to assess the costs and analyze the economic viability of starting a complete veterinary clinic, in conformity with standards of a veterinary hospital, able to perform basic and advanced medical procedures all in the same place, in the city of São João da Boa Vista, countryside of São Paulo state. For that, a survey of required investments to start the clinic was performed, as well as the fixed and variable costs, and revenues. The cash flow was projected for a five year period and the economic viability analysis was done using the indicators: Net Present Value [NPV], Internal Rate of Return [IRR] and payback period (simple and discounted. Sensitivity analysis was also used to assess how changes in the investments, revenues and interest rates affect the NPV of the project. The results showed that the project of starting a complete pet veterinary clinic is economically feasible. The project had a positive NPV of R$ 152.049,33, IRR of 12,68%, and simple and discounted payback period of 4.13 and 4.38 years, respectively. The NPV calculation was very sensitive to changes in revenue, followed by the investments, whose increase negatively affected the NPV. Lower sensitivity was observed for changes in interest rates.

  12. 传播学视野下大学生村官推进农村马克思主义大众化的思考——基于山西省运城市的抽样调查%Considerations about Graduate Village Officials Function in the Promotion of Popularization of Marxism in Countryside from the Angle of Communication --Based on a sample survey in Yuncheng City in Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛俊丽; 李宏勇

    2012-01-01

    大学生村官是农村马克思主义的传播者。但是,通过调查发现,大学生村官在传播马克思主义过程中却遇到马克思主义理论素养不高、马克思主义理论信仰度不够、农村实践能力不足、传播意识淡薄、传播知识与传播技能欠缺等困境。为了进一步推进大学生村官在农村中传播马克思主义的效果,必须提高大学生村官的马克思主义理论素养,推动大学生村官的知与行的统一,加强他们对农村的认识,培养其传播意识以及提高传播技巧。%Graduate village officials are supposed to be those who communicate Marxism in countryside. However, the survey shows that they are in a predicament because of their lack of knowledge about Marxist theory,inadequacy of belief in Marxist theory, shortage of their practical ability, so on and so forth. In order to further promote the effectiveness of their role in the popularization of Marxism in the countryside,it is imperative to develop their attainments of Marxist theory, promote their integrity of learning and behaviour, better their understanding of the countryside and their awareness and skills of com- munication.

  13. Accessible Capacity of Secondary Users

    CERN Document Server

    Ma, Xiao; Lin, Lei; Bai, Baoming

    2010-01-01

    A new problem formulation is presented for the Gaussian interference channels (GIFC) with two pairs of users, which are distinguished as primary users and secondary users, respectively. The primary users employ a pair of encoder and decoder that were originally designed to satisfy a given error performance requirement under the assumption that no interference exists from other users. In the case when the secondary users attempt to access the same medium, we are interested in the maximum transmission rate (defined as {\\em accessible capacity}) at which secondary users can communicate reliably without affecting the error performance requirement by the primary users under the constraint that the primary encoder (not the decoder) is kept unchanged. By modeling the primary encoder as a generalized trellis code (GTC), we are then able to treat the secondary link as a finite state channel (FSC). The relation of the accessible capacity to the capacity region of the GIFC is revealed. Upper and lower bounds on the acce...

  14. Accessible solitons of fractional dimension

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhong, Wei-Ping, E-mail: zhongwp6@126.com [Department of Electronic and Information Engineering, Shunde Polytechnic, Guangdong Province, Shunde 528300 (China); Texas A& M University at Qatar, P.O. Box 23874, Doha (Qatar); Belić, Milivoj [Texas A& M University at Qatar, P.O. Box 23874, Doha (Qatar); Zhang, Yiqi [Key Laboratory for Physical Electronics and Devices of the Ministry of Education & Shaanxi Key Lab of Information Photonic Technique, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049 (China)

    2016-05-15

    We demonstrate that accessible solitons described by an extended Schrödinger equation with the Laplacian of fractional dimension can exist in strongly nonlocal nonlinear media. The soliton solutions of the model are constructed by two special functions, the associated Legendre polynomials and the Laguerre polynomials in the fraction-dimensional space. Our results show that these fractional accessible solitons form a soliton family which includes crescent solitons, and asymmetric single-layer and multi-layer necklace solitons. -- Highlights: •Analytic solutions of a fractional Schrödinger equation are obtained. •The solutions are produced by means of self-similar method applied to the fractional Schrödinger equation with parabolic potential. •The fractional accessible solitons form crescent, asymmetric single-layer and multilayer necklace profiles. •The model applies to the propagation of optical pulses in strongly nonlocal nonlinear media.

  15. Market Access through Bound Tariffs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sala, Davide; Schröder, Philipp J.H.; Yalcin, Erdal

    on the risk that exporters face in destination markets. The present paper formalizes the underlying interaction of risk, fixed export costs and firms' market entry decisions based on techniques known from the real options literature; doing so we highlight the important role of bound tariffs at the extensive......WTO negotiations deal predominantly with bound - besides applied - tariff rates. But, how can reductions in tariffs ceilings, i.e. tariff rates that no exporter may ever actually be confronted with, generate market access? The answer to this question relates to the effects of tariff bindings...... margin of trade. We find that bound tariffs are more effective with higher risk destination markets, that a large binding overhang may still command substantial market access, and that reductions in bound tariffs generate effective market access even when bound rates are above current and long...

  16. Market access through bound tariffs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sala, Davide; Schröder, Philipp J.H.; Yalcin, Erdal

    2010-01-01

    on the risk that exporters face in destination markets. The present paper formalizes the underlying interaction of risk, fixed export costs and firms' market entry decisions based on techniques known from the real options literature; doing so we highlight the important role of bound tariffs at the extensive......WTO negotiations deal predominantly with bound - besides applied - tariff rates. But, how can reductions in tariffs ceilings, i.e. tariff rates that no exporter may ever actually be confronted with, generate market access? The answer to this question relates to the effects of tariff bindings...... margin of trade. We find that bound tariffs are more effective with higher risk destination markets, that a large binding overhang may still command substantial market access, and that reductions in bound tariffs generate effective market access even when bound rates are above current and longterm...

  17. [Medical journals and open access].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sember, Marijan

    2008-01-01

    The open access (OA) or the idea of a free access to scholarly literature published in electronic form has been already well established in the field of medicine. Medline has already been free for a decade, PubMed Central has been growing steadily. The global crisis of the scientific publishing, becoming increasingly dominated by multinational companies and constant increase of journal prices have moved to action not only individuals and institutions but governments and research charities too. The aim of this article is to give an overview of the main open access initiatives and resources in biomedicine (PubMed, PubMed Central, BioMed Central, PLoS). The OA pros and cons are briefly discussed emphasizing the benefits of OA to medical research and practice.

  18. Access envelopes: A new accessibility mapping technique for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    trade-off in the articulation of spatial development ... opportunities and the difficulty. (or impedance) of ... Accessibility is often distinctly linked to notions of ... applications of the concept of ... weigh each according to a function of the travel ... activities for different income groups in Cali .... visual representation that is easily.

  19. Open Access. Chapter 6 of Scholarly Communication for Librarians.

    OpenAIRE

    Morrison, Heather

    2008-01-01

    In-depth overview of open access, covering definitions (open access publishing, open access archives, gratis and libre, open access works versus open access processes), major statements and declarations, types of open access, major initiatives, trends, advocacy and lobbying.

  20. Open Access. Chapter 6 of Scholarly Communication for Librarians.

    OpenAIRE

    Morrison, Heather

    2008-01-01

    In-depth overview of open access, covering definitions (open access publishing, open access archives, gratis and libre, open access works versus open access processes), major statements and declarations, types of open access, major initiatives, trends, advocacy and lobbying.

  1. Achieving Universal Access to Broadband

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morten FALCH

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses appropriate policy measures for achieving universal access to broadband services in Europe. Access can be delivered by means of many different technology solutions described in the paper. This means a greater degree of competition and affects the kind of policy measures to be applied. The paper concludes that other policy measure than the classical universal service obligation are in play, and discusses various policy measures taking the Lisbon process as a point of departure. Available policy measures listed in the paper include, universal service obligation, harmonization, demand stimulation, public support for extending the infrastructure, public private partnerships (PPP, and others.

  2. Subsystems for future access networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Caballero Jambrina, Antonio; Tafur Monroy, Idelfonso; Zibar, Darko;

    We present a brief overview of the research activities in the European project “Pan-European Photonics Task Force: Integrating Europe’s Expertise on Photonic Subsystems” (EURO-FOS); an in particular in the area of optical Metro and Access Networks.......We present a brief overview of the research activities in the European project “Pan-European Photonics Task Force: Integrating Europe’s Expertise on Photonic Subsystems” (EURO-FOS); an in particular in the area of optical Metro and Access Networks....

  3. Code division multiple access (CDMA)

    CERN Document Server

    Buehrer, R Michael

    2006-01-01

    This book covers the basic aspects of Code Division Multiple Access or CDMA. It begins with an introduction to the basic ideas behind fixed and random access systems in order to demonstrate the difference between CDMA and the more widely understood TDMA, FDMA or CSMA. Secondly, a review of basic spread spectrum techniques are presented which are used in CDMA systems including direct sequence, frequency-hopping and time-hopping approaches. The basic concept of CDMA is presented, followed by the four basic principles of CDMA systems that impact their performance: interference averaging, universa

  4. SCOAP3 and Open Access

    CERN Document Server

    Mele, Salvatore; D'Agostino, Dan; Dyas-Correia, Sharon

    2009-01-01

    SCOAP3 is an innovative Open Access initiative for publishing in high-energy physics. The model is viewed by many as a potential solution to multiple issues related to the financial crisis, the peer review system, scholarly communication, and the need to support institutional repositories. This installment of “The Balance Point” presents articles written by three Open Access advocates, outlining the SCOAP3 proposal, benefits of participation, and some of the roles libraries, publishers and scientists can play in making important changes to scholarly communication. Contributors discuss scalability and transferability issues of SCOAP3, as well as other matters of concern.

  5. 36 CFR 9.32 - Access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Access. 9.32 Section 9.32... MANAGEMENT Non-Federal Oil and Gas Rights § 9.32 Access. (a) No access on, across or through lands or waters... of operations serves as the operator's access permit. (b) No operations shall be conducted on a...

  6. 10 CFR 1017.20 - Routine access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Routine access. 1017.20 Section 1017.20 Energy DEPARTMENT... INFORMATION Access to Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information § 1017.20 Routine access. (a) Authorized... access to the UCNI, subject to limitations in paragraph (b) of this section, and who may...

  7. 22 CFR 9a.7 - Access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Access. 9a.7 Section 9a.7 Foreign Relations... PROGRAMS; RELATED MATERIAL § 9a.7 Access. (a) Except as set forth in this section, access to information or... appropriate officer of the Department to be trustworthy and to have a need for access to the...

  8. 43 CFR 36.11 - Special access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Special access. 36.11 Section 36.11 Public..., AND ACCESS INTO, CONSERVATION SYSTEM UNITS IN ALASKA § 36.11 Special access. (a) This section... this section. The use of aircraft for access to or from lands and waters within a national park...

  9. 10 CFR 2.1007 - Access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Access. 2.1007 Section 2.1007 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY... Geologic Repository § 2.1007 Access. (a)(1) A system to provide electronic access to the Licensing Support...-license application phase. (2) A system to provide electronic access to the Licensing Support...

  10. 44 CFR 6.32 - Granting access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Granting access. 6.32 Section... SECURITY GENERAL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 Individual Access to Records § 6.32 Granting access. (a) Upon receipt of a request for access to non-exempt records, the system manager shall...

  11. 48 CFR 252.239-7002 - Access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Access. 252.239-7002... Clauses 252.239-7002 Access. As prescribed in 239.7411(a), use the following clause: Access (DEC 1991) (a) Subject to military security regulations, the Government shall permit the Contractor access at...

  12. 36 CFR 228.12 - Access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Access. 228.12 Section 228.12... Minerals § 228.12 Access. An operator is entitled to access in connection with operations, but no road... other means of access, including but not limited to off-road vehicles, be used until the operator...

  13. 32 CFR 2400.25 - Access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Access. 2400.25 Section 2400.25 National Defense... § 2400.25 Access. (a) A person is eligible for access to classified information provided that a... access is essential to the accomplishment of lawful and authorized Government purposes. A...

  14. 46 CFR 153.330 - Access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Access. 153.330 Section 153.330 Shipping COAST GUARD..., LIQUEFIED GAS, OR COMPRESSED GAS HAZARDOUS MATERIALS Design and Equipment Cargo Pumprooms § 153.330 Access. (a) The access door to a cargo pump-room must open on the weatheredeck. (b) The access way to a...

  15. 43 CFR 36.12 - Temporary access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Temporary access. 36.12 Section 36.12... ACROSS, AND ACCESS INTO, CONSERVATION SYSTEM UNITS IN ALASKA § 36.12 Temporary access. (a) For the... the National Petroleum Reserve—Alaska. (2) Temporary access means limited, short-term (i.e., up to...

  16. Educational Access in India. Country Policy Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Online Submission, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This Policy Brief describes and explains patterns of access to schools in India. It outlines policy and legislation on access to education and provides an analysis of access, vulnerability and exclusion. The quantitative data is supported by a review of research which explains the patterns of access and exclusion. It is based on findings from the…

  17. 36 CFR 1191.1 - Accessibility guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Accessibility guidelines... COMPLIANCE BOARD AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT (ADA) ACCESSIBILITY GUIDELINES FOR BUILDINGS AND FACILITIES; ARCHITECTURAL BARRIERS ACT (ABA) ACCESSIBILITY GUIDELINES § 1191.1 Accessibility guidelines. (a)...

  18. Flexible access control for dynamic collaborative environments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dekker, Mari Antonius Cornelis

    2009-01-01

    Access control is used in computer systems to control access to confidential data. In this thesis we focus on access control for dynamic collaborative environments where multiple users and systems access and exchange data in an ad hoc manner. In such environments it is difficult to protect confident

  19. Remotely Accessible Management System (RAMS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Rex

    Oakland Schools, an Intermediate School District for Administration, operates a Remotely Accessible Management System (RAMS). RAMS is composed of over 100 computer programs, each of which performs procedures on the files of the 28 local school districts comprising the constituency of Oakland Schools. This regional service agency covers 900 square…

  20. Market access through bound tariffs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sala, Davide; Schröder, Philipp J.H.; Yalcin, Erdal

    2010-01-01

    WTO negotiations deal predominantly with bound - besides applied - tariff rates. But, how can reductions in tariffs ceilings, i.e. tariff rates that no exporter may ever actually be confronted with, generate market access? The answer to this question relates to the effects of tariff bindings on t...

  1. Market Access through Bound Tariffs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sala, Davide; Schröder, Philipp J.H.; Yalcin, Erdal

    WTO negotiations deal predominantly with bound - besides applied - tariff rates. But, how can reductions in tariffs ceilings, i.e. tariff rates that no exporter may ever actually be confronted with, generate market access? The answer to this question relates to the effects of tariff bindings on t...

  2. Accessing Students' Reasoning for Disengagement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deed, Craig

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines what students can tell us about their strategic decision to engage or disengage from learning. A means of accessing student knowledge and experience about teaching and learning is explicated, along with a discussion of student reasoning for making an investment in learning. It is argued that disengagement is a reasoned decision…

  3. Equal Access but Unequal Outcomes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jæger, Mads Meier

    2009-01-01

    with respect to Danish children's choice of secondary education. Denmark is well-suited for this study because access to secondary education is particularly meritocratic. The empirical analysis shows that all three channels through which cultural capital affects educational success are important....

  4. Category Accessibility and Impression Formation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higgins, E. Tory; And Others

    1977-01-01

    The present study examined the immediate and delayed effects of unobtrusive exposure to personality trait terms (e.g., "reckless,""persistent") on subjects' subsequent judgments and recollection of information about another person. The implications of individual and situational variation in the accessibility of different categories for judgments…

  5. The Inevitability of Open Access

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, David W.

    2012-01-01

    Open access (OA) is an alternative business model for the publication of scholarly journals. It makes articles freely available to readers on the Internet and covers the costs associated with publication through means other than subscriptions. This article argues that Gold OA, where all of the articles of a journal are available at the time of…

  6. Open Access Publishing with Drupal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina McHale

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available In January 2009, the Colorado Association of Libraries (CAL suspended publication of its print quarterly journal, Colorado Libraries, as a cost-saving measure in a time of fiscal uncertainty. Printing and mailing the journal to its 1300 members cost CAL more than $26,000 per year. Publication of the journal was placed on an indefinite hiatus until the editorial staff proposed an online, open access format a year later. The benefits to migrating to open access included: significantly lower costs; a green platform; instant availability of content; a greater level of access to users with disabilities; and a higher level of visibility of the journal and the association. The editorial staff chose Drupal, including the E-journal module, and while Drupal is notorious for its steep learning curve—which exacerbated delays to content that had been created before the publishing hiatus—the fourth electronic issue was published recently at coloradolibrariesjournal.org. This article will discuss both the benefits and challenges of transitioning to an open access model and the choice Drupal as a platform over other more established journal software options.

  7. Just the Facts: Vascular Access

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Artery Graft Illustration from Core Curriculum for the Dialysis Technician , 1998 Vein A catheter is a plastic tube placed into a vein ... with very poor veins and arteries, a permanent catheter may be placed in the chest. Why ... access is your dialysis lifeline. You have only a few sites for ...

  8. Access, Intellectual Freedom and Libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darling, Richard L.

    1979-01-01

    Reviews attitudes toward censorship in the United States throughout its history in relation to the nation and its institutions. The library is recognized as an institution in which censorship has no place, due to its creed of information access and intellectual freedom for all. (MBR)

  9. Wild Accessions and Mutant Resources

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kawaguchi, Masayoshi; Sandal, Niels Nørgaard

    2014-01-01

    Lotus japonicus, Lotus burttii, and Lotus filicaulis are species of Lotus genus that are utilized for molecular genetic analysis such as the construction of a linkage map and QTL analysis. Among them, a number of mutants have been isolated from two wild accessions: L. japonicus Gifu B-129...

  10. The Inevitability of Open Access

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, David W.

    2012-01-01

    Open access (OA) is an alternative business model for the publication of scholarly journals. It makes articles freely available to readers on the Internet and covers the costs associated with publication through means other than subscriptions. This article argues that Gold OA, where all of the articles of a journal are available at the time of…

  11. Proximity Displays for Access Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaniea, Kami

    2012-01-01

    Managing access to shared digital information, such as photographs and documents. is difficult for end users who are accumulating an increasingly large and diverse collection of data that they want to share with others. Current policy-management solutions require a user to proactively seek out and open a separate policy-management interface when…

  12. Community Access to Atmospheric Measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marshall, J. J.; Batluck, G. R.; Durbin, P. B.; Gerard, R.; Larko, D. E.; Martin, A.; Tilmes, C. A.

    2007-05-01

    This poster provides an overview of the computer system that provides community access to atmosphere measurements derived from backscatter ultraviolet sources. It is funded by NASA's Advancing Collaborative Connections for Earth-Sun System Science (ACCESS), and is devoted to Measurements of Atmospheric Composition in the Ultraviolet. The purpose is to provide "one-stop shopping" for data and information of interested to the Backscattered Ultraviolet (BUV) community. It is built from the well-used, highly successful Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) web site, and is being evolved into a broader focus for the BUV community. This effort supports NASA's evolutionary step toward science measurement processing and analysis systems, and enables the BUV community to easily access information and expertise from multiple sources over a nearly 30 year history of space-based remote sensing of the atmosphere. It facilitates finding algorithms and scientific results from different parts of the BUV science community as well as from different instruments and missions. It provides the means to access the products of the Ozone Community Oriented Measurement-based Processing System (ComPS). The system contains components that store and manage data, manage user access to that data, provide multi-dimensional views of the data and other information, serve data based on user criteria, and facilitate on-line collaboration. The web site hosts Algorithm Theoretical Basis documents, quality assessment of data products, published papers, instrument descriptions, access to mission information, reports and assessments of events and issues, problem reporting and tracking, a moderated forum, and a user collaboration area. Visitors to the web site fall into several categories: the general public; students, educators, and researchers outside the BUV community; members of the BUV community who validate the measurements; members of the community who develop algorithms and software. Access to

  13. Accessibility of antiretroviral therapy in Ghana: convenience of access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Addo-Atuah, Joyce; Gourley, Dick; Gourley, Greta; White-Means, Shelley I; Womeodu, Robin J; Faris, Richard J; Addo, Nii Akwei

    2012-01-01

    The convenience of accessing antiretroviral therapy (ART) is important for initial access to care and subsequent adherence to ART. We conducted a qualitative study of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) and ART healthcare providers in Ghana in 2005. The objective of this study was to explore the participants' perceived convenience of accessing ART by PLWHA in Ghana. The convenience of accessing ART was evaluated from the reported travel and waiting times to receive care, the availability, or otherwise, of special considerations, with respect to the waiting time to receive care, for those PLWHA who were in active employment in the formal sector, the frequency of clinic visits before and after initiating ART, and whether the PLWHA saw the same or different providers at each clinic visit (continuity of care). This qualitative study used in-depth interviews based on Yin's case-study research design to collect data from 20 PLWHA and 24 ART healthcare providers as study participants. • Reported travel time to receive ART services ranged from 2 to 12 h for 30% of the PLWHA. • Waiting time to receive care was from 4 to 9 h. • While known government workers, such as teachers, were attended to earlier in some of the centres, this was not a consistent practice in all the four ART centres studied. • The PLWHA corroborated the providers' description of the procedure for initiating and monitoring ART in Ghana. • PLWHA did not see the same provider every time, but they were assured that this did not compromise the continuity of their care. Our study suggests that convenience of accessing ART is important to both PLWHA and ART healthcare providers, but the participants alluded to other factors, including open provider-patient communication, which might explain the PLWHA's understanding of the constraints under which they were receiving care. The current nation-wide coverage of the ART programme in Ghana, however, calls for the replication of this study to identify

  14. Registered access: a 'Triple-A' approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyke, Stephanie O M; Kirby, Emily; Shabani, Mahsa; Thorogood, Adrian; Kato, Kazuto; Knoppers, Bartha M

    2016-12-01

    We propose a standard model for a novel data access tier - registered access - to facilitate access to data that cannot be published in open access archives owing to ethical and legal risk. Based on an analysis of applicable research ethics and other legal and administrative frameworks, we discuss the general characteristics of this Registered Access Model, which would comprise a three-stage approval process: Authentication, Attestation and Authorization. We are piloting registered access with the Demonstration Projects of the Global Alliance for Genomics and Health for which it may provide a suitable mechanism for access to certain data types and to different types of data users.

  15. Automated Computer Access Request System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snook, Bryan E.

    2010-01-01

    The Automated Computer Access Request (AutoCAR) system is a Web-based account provisioning application that replaces the time-consuming paper-based computer-access request process at Johnson Space Center (JSC). Auto- CAR combines rules-based and role-based functionality in one application to provide a centralized system that is easily and widely accessible. The system features a work-flow engine that facilitates request routing, a user registration directory containing contact information and user metadata, an access request submission and tracking process, and a system administrator account management component. This provides full, end-to-end disposition approval chain accountability from the moment a request is submitted. By blending both rules-based and rolebased functionality, AutoCAR has the flexibility to route requests based on a user s nationality, JSC affiliation status, and other export-control requirements, while ensuring a user s request is addressed by either a primary or backup approver. All user accounts that are tracked in AutoCAR are recorded and mapped to the native operating system schema on the target platform where user accounts reside. This allows for future extensibility for supporting creation, deletion, and account management directly on the target platforms by way of AutoCAR. The system s directory-based lookup and day-today change analysis of directory information determines personnel moves, deletions, and additions, and automatically notifies a user via e-mail to revalidate his/her account access as a result of such changes. AutoCAR is a Microsoft classic active server page (ASP) application hosted on a Microsoft Internet Information Server (IIS).

  16. Controlling Access to Suicide Means

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Iosue

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Restricting access to common means of suicide, such as firearms, toxic gas, pesticides and other, has been shown to be effective in reducing rates of death in suicide. In the present review we aimed to summarize the empirical and clinical literature on controlling the access to means of suicide. Methods: This review made use of both MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science and the Cochrane library databases, identifying all English articles with the keywords “suicide means”, “suicide method”, “suicide prediction” or “suicide prevention” and other relevant keywords. Results: A number of factors may influence an individual’s decision regarding method in a suicide act, but there is substantial support that easy access influences the choice of method. In many countries, restrictions of access to common means of suicide has lead to lower overall suicide rates, particularly regarding suicide by firearms in USA, detoxification of domestic and motor vehicle gas in England and other countries, toxic pesticides in rural areas, barriers at jumping sites and hanging, by introducing “safe rooms” in prisons and hospitals. Moreover, decline in prescription of barbiturates and tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs, as well as limitation of drugs pack size for paracetamol and salicylate has reduced suicides by overdose, while increased prescription of SSRIs seems to have lowered suicidal rates. Conclusions: Restriction to means of suicide may be particularly effective in contexts where the method is popular, highly lethal, widely available, and/or not easily substituted by other similar methods. However, since there is some risk of means substitution, restriction of access should be implemented in conjunction with other suicide prevention strategies.

  17. Access to emergency number services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harkins, Judith E; Strauss, Karen Peltz

    2008-01-01

    Access to emergency services is mandated by Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). The Department of Justice oversees the accessibility of public safety answering points (PSAPs), popularly called 9-1-1 centers. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has at least two roles in emergency number access: (1) as regulator of the ADA's Title IV on telecommunications access, and (2) as regulator of communications companies with regard to support of and interconnection with PSAPs. The rules of both agencies contributed significantly to the improvement during the 1990s of access to 9-1-1 for people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or speech disabled. However, as new technologies for text wireless communications and relay services have moved quickly to Internet protocol (IP)-based technologies over the past 5-8 years, the use of traditional wireline telephones and text telephones among deaf, hard of hearing, and speech-disabled people has declined. PSAPs cannot be contacted via the newer forms of telecommunications, such as e-mail, instant messaging, and IP-based forms of relay services, including video relay services. The gap between the technology supported by policy and the technologies currently being used by deaf and hard of hearing people has become a serious problem that is difficult to solve because of the separate jurisdictions of the two agencies, the need for coordination within the FCC, technological challenges, and funding issues. In this article, the key policy and technology challenges will be analyzed and recommendations made for short-and long-term solutions to this dilemma.

  18. Proyección de trabajo en el interior del país y factores asociados en médicos recién colegiados de Lima, Perú 2010 Labor projection in the countryside and associated factors in newly collegiated physicians in Lima, Peru 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Percy Mayta-Tristán

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos. Estimar la prevalencia y factores asociados con la proyección de trabajo en el interior del país de médicos de Lima. Materiales y métodos. Se realizó un estudio de corte transversal en 782 médicos quienes fueron encuestados durante su proceso de colegiatura entre los meses de marzo y abril del 2010. Se definió como proyección de trabajo en el interior del país si respondieron "interior del país" a la pregunta ¿dónde planea estar laborando en los próximos cinco años?. Se usó la regresión logística múltiple para encontrar los factores asociados. Resultados. La edad media de los participantes fue de 25 años, 54% fueron mujeres y 73% son de universidades privadas. Sólo 7,0% refirió proyectarse trabajar en el interior del país y el 0,5% en zonas rurales. No se encontró asociación con el género, lugar de nacimiento, tener familiares médicos, tipo de universidad, dominio del inglés, haber residido por más de un año en provincias y el año de realización del internado. En el análisis multivariado se encontró asociación con haber realizado el internado en un hospital del interior del país (OR:3,1; IC95%:1,5-6,3, comunicarse en quechua (OR: 2,9; IC:1,4-6,1, que ambos padres nacieran en el interior del país (OR:2,8; IC:1,4-5,6; mientras que la proyección de un sueldo mensual superior a 5000 nuevos soles (OR:0,4; IC:0,2-0,8 y vivir con su familia nuclear o pareja (OR:0,3; IC:0,1-0,5 se asociaron en forma negativa. Conclusiones. Es baja la proyección de trabajo en el interior del país en los médicos colegiados en Lima. Algunos de los factores encontrados pueden ayudar a diseñar estrategias para revertir esta situación.Objectives. To estimate the prevalence and associated factors with the labor porjection in the countryside of physicians from Lima. Materials and methods. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 782 physicians who were surveyed during their affiliation at Peruvian Medical College during March

  19. Arteriovenous Vascular Access Selection and Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacRae, Jennifer M.; Oliver, Matthew; Clark, Edward; Dipchand, Christine; Hiremath, Swapnil; Kappel, Joanne; Kiaii, Mercedeh; Lok, Charmaine; Luscombe, Rick; Miller, Lisa M.; Moist, Louise

    2016-01-01

    When making decisions regarding vascular access creation, the clinician and vascular access team must evaluate each patient individually with consideration of life expectancy, timelines for dialysis start, risks and benefits of access creation, referral wait times, as well as the risk for access complications. The role of the multidisciplinary team in facilitating access choice is reviewed, as well as the clinical evaluation of the patient. PMID:28270917

  20. Access Agent Improving The Performance Of Access Control Lists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thelis R. S.

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The main focus of the proposed research is maintaining the security of a network. Extranet is a popular network among most of the organizations where network access is provided to a selected group of outliers. Limiting access to an extranet can be carried out using Access Control Lists ACLs method. However handling the workload of ACLs is an onerous task for the router. The purpose of the proposed research is to improve the performance and to solidify the security of the ACLs used in a small organization. Using a high performance computer as a dedicated device to share and handle the router workload is suggested in order to increase the performance of the router when handling ACLs. Methods of detecting and directing sensitive data is also discussed in this paper. A framework is provided to help increase the efficiency of the ACLs in an organization network using the above mentioned procedures thus helping the organizations ACLs performance to be improved to be more secure and the system to perform faster. Inbuilt methods of Windows platform or Software for open source platforms can be used to make a computer function as a router. Extended ACL features allow the determining of the type of packets flowing through the router. Combining these mechanisms allows the ACLs to be improved and perform in a more efficient manner.

  1. Implementation of a vascular access quality programme improves vascular access care

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Loon, M.; van der Mark, W.; Beukers, N.; de Bruin, C.; Blankestijn, P. J.; Huisman, R. M.; Zijlstra, J. J.; van der Sande, F. M.; Tordoir, J. H. M.

    2007-01-01

    Introduction. In the Netherlands an access quality improvement plan (QIP) was introduced by vascular access coordinators (VAC) with the aim to decrease vascular access-related complications by preemptive intervention of malfunctioning accesses. A vascular access QIP was established in 24 centres (46

  2. Implementation of a vascular access quality programme improves vascular access care

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Loon, M.; van der Mark, W.; Beukers, N.; de Bruin, C.; Blankestijn, P. J.; Huisman, R. M.; Zijlstra, J. J.; van der Sande, F. M.; Tordoir, J. H. M.

    2007-01-01

    Introduction. In the Netherlands an access quality improvement plan (QIP) was introduced by vascular access coordinators (VAC) with the aim to decrease vascular access-related complications by preemptive intervention of malfunctioning accesses. A vascular access QIP was established in 24 centres (46

  3. Implementation of a vascular access quality programme improves vascular access care

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Loon, M.; van der Mark, W.; Beukers, N.; de Bruin, C.; Blankestijn, P. J.; Huisman, R. M.; Zijlstra, J. J.; van der Sande, F. M.; Tordoir, J. H. M.

    Introduction. In the Netherlands an access quality improvement plan (QIP) was introduced by vascular access coordinators (VAC) with the aim to decrease vascular access-related complications by preemptive intervention of malfunctioning accesses. A vascular access QIP was established in 24 centres

  4. Personalizing Access to Learning Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dolog, Peter; Simon, Bernd; Nejdl, Wolfgang

    2008-01-01

    In this article, we describe a Smart Space for Learning™ (SS4L) framework and infrastructure that enables personalized access to distributed heterogeneous knowledge repositories. Helping a learner to choose an appropriate learning resource or activity is a key problem which we address...... in this framework, enabling personalized access to federated learning repositories with a vast number of learning offers. Our infrastructure includes personalization strategies both at the query and the query results level. Query rewriting is based on learning and language preferences; rule-based and ranking......-based personalization improves these results further. Rule-based reasoning techniques are supported by formal ontologies we have developed based on standard information models for learning domains; ranking-based recommendations are supported through ensuring minimal sets of predicates appearing in query results. Our...

  5. Accessing and disclosing protected resources

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Henning; Khajuria, Samant

    2015-01-01

    Today, data is money. Whether it is private users' personal data or confidential data and assets belonging to service providers, all parties have a strong need to protect their resources when interacting with each other, i.e. for access control and authorization measures to be deployed. Enabling...... advanced user controlled privacy is essential to realize the visions of 5G applications and services. For service providers and enterprises resources are usually well safeguarded, while private users are often missing the tools and the know-how to protect their own data and preserve their privacy. The user...... the framework of User Managed Access (UMA), can enable users to understand the value of their protected resources and possibly give them control of how their data will be used by service providers....

  6. Pediatric Enteral Access Device Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdelhadi, Ruba A; Rahe, Katina; Lyman, Beth

    2016-10-13

    Enteral nutrition (EN) support has proven to be a nutrition intervention that can provide full or partial calories to promote growth and development in infants and children. To supply these nutrients, an enteral access device is required, and the use of these devices is growing. Placement of the proper device for the patient need, along with appropriate care and monitoring, is required for individualized patient management. When complications arise, early identification and management can prevent more serious morbidity. Complication management requires a tiered approach starting with staff nurses and ending with a physician expert. In addition to this, each institution needs to have an approach that is coordinated among disciplines and departments to promote consistency of practice. The formation of an enteral access team is a conduit for clinical experts to provide education to families, patients, and healthcare professionals while serving as a platform to address product and practice issues. © 2016 American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition.

  7. Easing access for lifelong learners

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Müller, Romina; Remdisch, Sabine; Köhler, Katharina

    2015-01-01

    Easing access to higher education (HE) for those engaging in lifelong learning has been a common policy objective across the European Union since the late 1990s. To reach this goal, the transition between vocational and academic routes must be simplified, but European countries are at different...... developmental stages. This article maps the development in Denmark, Finland, Germany and England using a case study approach deploying data triangulation from a national and institutional perspective. It explores the extent/commonality of structural factors for easing access for students engaging in lifelong...... learning. The cases are at widely different stages, but the following factors were considered essential in all countries for opening universities: the establishment of transition paths from secondary education and working life into HE and links between HE, businesses and adult education from a national...

  8. Accessing SDO Data : The Poster

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hourcle, Joseph; Addison, K.; Bogart, R.; Chamberlin, P.; Freeland, S.; Hughitt, V. K.; Ireland, J.; Maddox, M.; Mueller, D.; Somani, A.; Sommers, J.; Thompson, B.; solar physics data community, The

    2011-05-01

    As the data from SDO are useful for a variety of purposes, including solar physics, helioseismology, atmospheric science, space weather forecasting, education and public outreach, a wide variety of tools have been development to cater to the different needs of the various groups. Systems have been developed for pipeline processing, searching, browsing, subsetting, or simply just moving around large volumes of data. We present a quick overview of the different systems that can be used to access SDO data including (J)Helioviewer, the Heliophysics Event Knowledgebase (HEK), the Virtual Solar Observatory (VSO), the Integrated Space Weather Analysis System (iSWA), the Data Record Management System (DRMS), and various websites. We cover web-based applications, application programming interfaces (APIs), and IDL command line tools. This poster serves as a supplement to the oral presentation as a place to distribute information about the various interfaces and to collect feedback about any unmet needs for data access.

  9. [Personalized medicine: equity and access].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joly, Yann; Knoppers, Bartha M

    2014-11-01

    Personalized medicine has seen a recent increase in popularity amongst medical researchers and policymakers. Nevertheless, there are persistent legal, ethical, and social questions that need to be explored, particularly related to the criticism that personalized medicine constitutes an elitist model of healthcare. Investigating this critique the current manuscript argues that personalized medicine has the potential to become a positive force for equitable access to better healthcare at a national and international level.

  10. Seamless Access to Home Content

    OpenAIRE

    Høiby, Ola

    2006-01-01

    This thesis documents the mobile phone authentication in the data world and evaluate potential methods for seamless authentication. Telenors Mobil's authentication tool and Wap Gateway have been configured to provide the mobile phone's user id (MSISDN) to a Wap Server for authentication of the user. The thesis resultet in a demo which uses the wap functionality on the mobile phone to access content on a wap server. Automatic authentication based on the user information provided by the wap gat...

  11. Enhancing Ocean Research Data Access

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandler, Cynthia; Groman, Robert; Shepherd, Adam; Allison, Molly; Arko, Robert; Chen, Yu; Fox, Peter; Glover, David; Hitzler, Pascal; Leadbetter, Adam; Narock, Thomas; West, Patrick; Wiebe, Peter

    2014-05-01

    The Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO) works in partnership with ocean science investigators to publish data from research projects funded by the Biological and Chemical Oceanography Sections and the Office of Polar Programs Antarctic Organisms & Ecosystems Program at the U.S. National Science Foundation. Since 2006, researchers have been contributing data to the BCO-DMO data system, and it has developed into a rich repository of data from ocean, coastal and Great Lakes research programs. While the ultimate goal of the BCO-DMO is to ensure preservation of NSF funded project data and to provide open access to those data, achievement of those goals is attained through a series of related phases that benefits from active collaboration and cooperation with a large community of research scientists as well as curators of data and information at complementary data repositories. The BCO-DMO is just one of many intermediate data management centers created to facilitate long-term preservation of data and improve access to ocean research data. Through partnerships with other data management professionals and active involvement in local and global initiatives, BCO-DMO staff members are working to enhance access to ocean research data available from the online BCO-DMO data system. Continuing efforts in use of controlled vocabulary terms, development of ontology design patterns and publication of content as Linked Open Data are contributing to improved discovery and availability of BCO-DMO curated data and increased interoperability of related content available from distributed repositories. We will demonstrate how Semantic Web technologies (e.g. RDF/XML, SKOS, OWL and SPARQL) have been integrated into BCO-DMO data access and delivery systems to better serve the ocean research community and to contribute to an expanding global knowledge network.

  12. FACTS technology for open access

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    Summary of the present state of the art on the key technological developments in the FACTS (Flexible AC Transmission Systems) area, addressing in particular the open access aspects of networks and the scope for the application of FACTS devices therein. Contains the approved terms of reference. Definition of FACTS includes conventional devices such as phase shifting transformers, series capacitors and HVDC links for completeness and the possibility of combining them with FACTS devices to improve HVAC transmission system flexibility and control. (author)

  13. Airport Ground Access Planning Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-07-01

    benefits of improved airport access (see Chapter 5). - regional economic multiplier - value of time - value of a job created 23 - elasticity of air travel...III, Line 9) Column 1 - Column 2) ............ 9. Estimate value of time , air passenger ($/hr.) 2/ ................................... 10. Compute...time, non-air passenger ([II] x 365 x Part III, Line 10, Column 1 - Column 2) .................................... 13. Estimate value of time , non-air

  14. Accessibility in the Smart City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Trieste

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available FIABA is a cultural route for all, its aim is to promote a Global Accessibility and a Universal Usability through the removal of architectural, cultural, psychological and sensory barriers. FIABA is carrying out a real change and a cultural renewal in the name of equal opportunities. Respect for the environment in which we live is also a duty towards the younger generations to whom we must deliver a world in which free movement and the normal use of spaces are goals already achieved. There are millions of citizens who, because of their physical conditions are prisoners in their homes because there isn’t any elevator or any elevator maintenance. FIABA project aims at implementing “a Space for all” or “a landscape for all” following the path of the ONU Convention on the Rights of People with disabilities with an emphasis on architectural, cultural, and psychological barriers, the last ones in particular, create barriers to equal opportunities and they are often carriers of discrimination. The principle of accessibility is invoked in Article 9 of the Convention which confirms the principle that people have a right to live independently and participate fully in all spheres of life and thus States are required to take all necessary measures to ensure accessibility to physical environment, transport, information and communications, including systems and technologies of information and communication and other facilities and services open to the public, both in urban and rural areas.

  15. LERU roadmap towards Open Access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayris, Paul; Björnshauge, Lars; Collier, Mel; Ferwerda, Eelco; Jacobs, Neil; Sinikara, Kaisa; Swan, Alma; de Bries, Saskia; van Wesenbeeck, Astrid

    2015-09-01

    Money which is not directly spent on research and education, even though it is largely taxpayers´ money. As Harvard University already denounced in 2012, many large journal publishers have rendered the situation "fiscally unsustainable and academically restrictive", with some journals costing as much as $40,000 per year (and publishers drawing profits of 35% or more). If one of the wealthiest universities in the world can no longer afford it, who can? It is easy to picture the struggle of European universities with tighter budgets. In addition to subscription costs, academic research funding is also largely affected by "Article Processing Charges" (APC), which come at an additional cost of €2000/article, on average, when making individual articles Gold Open Access. Some publishers are in this way even being paid twice for the same content ("double dipping"). In the era of Open Science, Open Access to publications is one of the cornerstones of the new research paradigm and business models must support this transition. It should be one of the principal objectives of Commissioner Carlos Moedas and the Dutch EU Presidency (January-June 2016) to ensure that this transition happens. Further developing the EU´s leadership in research and innovation largely depends on it. With this statement "Moving Forwards on Open Access", LERU calls upon all universities, research institutes, research funders and researchers to sign this statement and give a clear signal towards the European Commission and the Dutch EU Presidency.

  16. Support the Open Access Movement

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    CERN's Executive Board recently endorsed a new policy of open access to the laboratory's results: Continuing CERN action on Open Access (OA) [http://cds.cern.ch/record/828991/files/open-2005-006.pdf]. What does this policy mean for you? CERN authors have two responsibilities: Submit your document to the CERN Document Server; Consider submitting future articles to an Open Access journal. Since 2001, Operational Circular No. 6 has required every CERN author (Staff member, Fellow, or any Associated member of personnel who is allowed to use CERN as his affiliation) to submit a copy of their scientific documents to the CERN Document Server (CDS). For some groups all approved documents are submitted by the secretary (see the Departments' policies at: http://library.cern.ch/cern_publications/cern_publication_policy.html). Each author should personally also ensure the submission of any other articles which are not added in this way, such as conference contributions and review articles. It is not sufficient to re...

  17. [Vascular access guidelines for hemodialysis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez Hernández, J A; González Parra, E; Julián Gutiérrez, J M; Segarra Medrano, A; Almirante, B; Martínez, M T; Arrieta, J; Fernández Rivera, C; Galera, A; Gallego Beuter, J; Górriz, J L; Herrero, J A; López Menchero, R; Ochando, A; Pérez Bañasco, V; Polo, J R; Pueyo, J; Ruiz, Camps I; Segura Iglesias, R

    2005-01-01

    Quality of vascular access (VA) has a remarkable influence in hemodialysis patients outcomes. Dysfunction of VA represents a capital cause of morbi-mortality of these patients as well an increase in economical. Spanish Society of Neprhology, aware of the problem, has decided to carry out a revision of the issue with the aim of providing help in comprehensión and treatment related with VA problems, and achieving an homogenization of practices in three mayor aspects: to increase arteriovenous fistula utilization as first vascular access, to increment vascular access monitoring practice and rationalise central catheters use. We present a consensus document elaborated by a multidisciplinar group composed by nephrologists, vascular surgeons, interventional radiologysts, infectious diseases specialists and nephrological nurses. Along six chapters that cover patient education, creation of VA, care, monitoring, complications and central catheters, we present the state of the art and propose guidelines for the best practice, according different evidence based degrees, with the intention to provide help at the professionals in order to make aproppiate decissions. Several quality standars are also included.

  18. Accessing and disclosing protected resources

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Henning; Khajuria, Samant

    2014-01-01

    TODAY, DATA IS MONEY. Whether it is private users’ personal data or confidential data and assets belonging to service providers, all parties have a strong need to protect their resources when interacting with each other, i.e. for access control and authorization. For service providers and enterpr......TODAY, DATA IS MONEY. Whether it is private users’ personal data or confidential data and assets belonging to service providers, all parties have a strong need to protect their resources when interacting with each other, i.e. for access control and authorization. For service providers...... and enterprises resources are usually well safeguarded, while private users are often missing the tools and the know-how to protect their own data and preserve their privacy. The user’s personal data have become an economic asset, not necessarily to the owners of these data, but to the service providers, whose...... business mod- els often includes the use of these data. In this paper we focus on the user – service provider interaction and discuss how recent technological progress, in particular the framework of User Managed Access (UMA), can enable users to understand the value of their protected resources...

  19. Open Access to Geophysical Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sergeyeva, Nataliya A.; Zabarinskaya, Ludmila P.

    2017-04-01

    Russian World Data Centers for Solar-Terrestrial Physics & Solid Earth Physics hosted by the Geophysical Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences are the Regular Members of the ICSU-World Data System. Guided by the principles of the WDS Constitution and WDS Data Sharing Principles, the WDCs provide full and open access to data, long-term data stewardship, compliance with agreed-upon data standards and conventions, and mechanisms to facilitate and improve access to data. Historical and current geophysical data on different media, in the form of digital data sets, analog records, collections of maps, descriptions are stored and collected in the Centers. The WDCs regularly fill up repositories and database with new data, support them up to date. Now the WDCs focus on four new projects, aimed at increase of data available in network by retrospective data collection and digital preservation of data; creation of a modern system of registration and publication of data with digital object identifier (DOI) assignment, and promotion of data citation culture; creation of databases instead of file system for more convenient access to data; participation in the WDS Metadata Catalogue and Data Portal by creating of metadata for information resources of WDCs.

  20. Predatory Open Access in Rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manca, Andrea; Martinez, Gianluca; Cugusi, Lucia; Dragone, Daniele; Mercuro, Giuseppe; Deriu, Franca

    2017-01-20

    Increasingly scholars and researchers are being solicited by predatory open access journals seeking manuscript submissions and abusing the author-pays model by charging authors with publishing fees without any or proper peer review. Such questionable editorial practices are threatening the reputation and credibility of scholarly publishing. To date, no investigation has been conducted on this phenomenon in the field of rehabilitation. This study attempts to identify specific predatory journals operating in this field to quantify the phenomenon and its geographic distribution. Beall's List has been used to this end which, although not perfect, is a comprehensive and up-to-date report of predatory publishers. Of the 1113 publishers on the list, 59 journals were identified, for a total of 5610 published articles. The median number of articles published by each journal was 21, and the median amount of article processing charges was $499. Only 1 out of 59 journals was included in the Directory of Open Access Journals, whereas 7 (12%) were indexed by PubMed. Most of the publishers were based in India (36%) followed by the United States (25%) and Pakistan (5%), and 25% were without a verifiable address. The data indicate that the threat of predatory publishing in rehabilitation is real. Physiatrists, physiotherapists, researchers, and academics operating in this field are advised to use the tools available to recognize predatory practices before considering publishing in open access journals.

  1. Access to IEEE Electronic Library

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    From 2007, the CERN Library now offers readers online access to the complete IEEE Electronic Library (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers). This new licence gives unlimited online access to all IEEE and IET (previously IEE) journals and proceedings as well as all current IEEE standards and selected archived ones. Some of the titles offer volumes back to 1913. This service currently represents more than 1,400,000 full-text articles! This leading engineering information resource replaces the previous service, a sub-product of the IEEE database called 'IEEE Enterprise', which offered online access to the complete collection of IEEE journals and proceedings, but with limited features. The service had become so popular that the CERN Working Group for Acquisitions recommended that the Library subscribe to the complete IEEE Electronic Library for 2007. Usage statistics for recent months showed there was a demand for the service from a large community of CERN users and we were aware that many users h...

  2. Study current situation of reproductive tract infection among bearing age married women in countryside and influence factors%农村育龄妇女生殖道感染的流行状况及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许坤镇; 江少曼; 舒楚龙; 曾妙娟; 蓝晓燕; 郭迎子; 林锦浩; 方城; 吴奕栋

    2009-01-01

    目的 探讨农村育龄妇女生殖道感染(RTI)流行状况及影响因素.方法 对4 916例农村已婚育龄妇女进行调查问卷、妇科检查、病原体检查、B超检查明确诊断.结果 RTI的检出率为53.93%,盆腔炎检出率为3.97%,慢性宫颈炎的检出率为51.12%,细菌性阴道炎、滴虫性阴道炎、念珠菌阴道炎检出率分别为12.51%、3.60%和7.71%,其中患一种病症占33.08%,两种病症占19.73%,三种病症占1.08%.RTI的影响因素有年龄、文化程度、家庭经济状况、卫生习惯、孕次、性生活频次、人工流产数和RTI知识.结论 农村已婚育龄妇女RTI患病率处于较高水平,存在多种影响因素.%Objective To study the current situation of reproductive tract infection among bearing age mar-fled women in countryside and influence factors. Methods We had examined 4916 women. Questionnaire investiga-tion,gynecologic examination,the inspection of pathogen and the B-ultrasound were collected by face to face in the clinic. Results The general prevalence rate of RTI was 53.93%. The prevalence rates of pelvic infection and cervici-tis were 3.97% and 51.12%. The prevalence rates of germs, trichomonal and candiclal vaginitis were 12.51%, 3.60% and 7.71% respectively. The infection rate for only one,two or three kind of RTI were 33.08% ,19.73% and 1.08% respectively. The influence factors were : age, education, family economy, sanitary habits, graviclity, frequent in-tercourse,induced abortion and knowledge towards RTI. Conclusion Among bearing age married women in country-side province the prevalence rate of RTI was higher and also showed evidence of some influence factors.

  3. Study on Multi-dimensional Values and Improved Suggestions of Countryside-returning Farmer’ s Participation in Rural Tourism Development%返乡农民工参与乡村旅游开发多维价值与完善建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁晓娜; 余敏辉

    2013-01-01

      返乡农民工具有独特的文化特质,其参与乡村旅游开发具有旅游、经济和社会等多维价值,但也存在发展资金短缺,基础设施落后;理论知识欠缺,服务技能偏低;单户分散经营,集群发展不够;就业认知偏差,职业认同感低等问题。应发挥政府作用,广辟融资渠道;加大培训力度,积极笼络人才;农户联合经营,整合资源优势;提供创业机会,更新就业观念,以让乡村旅游的发展成果惠及返乡农民工,从而探寻农村剩余劳动力有效转移的方向与路径。%The countryside-returning farmers have unique cultural characteristics , and their participation in rural tourism de-velopment has tourism , economic and social values , but also exists the following problems:the shortage of development funds , the poor infrastructure , the lack of theoretical knowledge , the lower service skills , the decentralized management of single family , the insufficient cluster development , the cognitive bias of employment , and the low identification of profession .In order to benefit the countryside-returning farmers by the development of rural tourism , and explore the direction and path of effective transfer of rural surplus labor , some suggestions were proposed , such as playing the role of government , broadening financing channels , increasing training force , attracting talented persons , cooperative operation of rural households , integrating resource advantage , providing en-trepreneurial opportunity , and updating the concept of employment .

  4. A new access scheme in OFDMA systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GU Xue-lin; YAN Wei; TIAN Hui; ZHANG Ping

    2006-01-01

    This article presents a dynamic random access scheme for orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) systems. The key features of the proposed scheme are:it is a combination of both the distributed and the centralized schemes, it can accommodate several delay sensitivity classes,and it can adjust the number of random access channels in a media access control (MAC) frame and the access probability according to the outcome of Mobile Terminals access attempts in previous MAC frames. For floating populated packet-based networks, the proposed scheme possibly leads to high average user satisfaction.

  5. Self-Access Centers: Maximizing Learners’ Access to Center Resources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark W. Tanner

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Originally published in TESL-EJ March 2009, Volume 12, Number 4 (http://tesl-ej.org/ej48/a2.html. Reprinted with permission from the authors.Although some students have discovered how to use self-access centers effectively, the majority appear to be unaware of available resources. A website and database of materials were created to help students locate materials and use the Self-Access Study Center (SASC at Brigham Young University’s English Language Center (ELC more effectively. Students took two surveys regarding their use of the SASC. The first survey was given before the website and database were made available. A second survey was administered 12 weeks after students had been introduced to the resource. An analysis of the data shows that students tend to use SASC resources more autonomously as a result of having a web-based database. The survey results suggest that SAC managers can encourage more autonomous use of center materials by provided a website and database to help students find appropriate materials to use to learn English.

  6. Wireless Broadband Access and Accounting Schemes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, we propose two wireless broadband access and accounting schemes. In both schemes, the accounting system adopts RADIUS protocol, but the access system adopts SSH and SSL protocols respectively.

  7. Web Accessibility, Libraries, and the Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camilla Fulton

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available With an abundance of library resources being served on the web, researchers are finding that disabled people oftentimes do not have the same level of access to materials as their nondisabled peers. This paper discusses web accessibility in the context of United States’ federal laws most referenced in web accessibility lawsuits. Additionally, it reveals which states have statutes that mirror federal web accessibility guidelines and to what extent. Interestingly, fewer than half of the states have adopted statutes addressing web accessibility, and fewer than half of these reference Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act or Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG 1.0. Regardless of sparse legislation surrounding web accessibility, librarians should consult the appropriate web accessibility resources to ensure that their specialized content reaches all.

  8. Open Access and ORCID poster presentation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elbæk, Mikael Karstensen; Ekstrøm, Jeannette

    2014-01-01

    Open Access Open Access is high on the agenda in Denmark and internationally. Denmark has announced a national strategy for Open Access that aims to achieve Open Access to 80% in 2017 and 100% in 2022 to peer review research articles. All public Danish funders as well as H2020 requires that all...... peer review articles that is an outcome of their funding will be Open Access. Uploading your full texts (your final author manuscript after review ) to DTU Orbit is a fundamental part of providing Open Access to your research. We are here to answer all your questions with regards to Open Access...... and related topics such as copyright, DTU Orbit, Open Access journals, APCs, Vouchers etc. ORCID ORCID – Open Research & Contributor ID – is an internationally recognized and widely used researcher-ID. ORCID makes it easy to reuse your data across disciplines, publishers and databases – all you need to do...

  9. Accessibility as indicator in sustainable transport planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Anders Vestergaard; Leleur, Steen

    2014-01-01

    applied in a new SUSTAIN Appraisal Framework (SAF) concerns accessibility, and the paper describes and evaluate an accessibility index and methodology POINTER as concerns its relevance for SAF. POINTER is demonstrated on a Danish national transport infrastructure project. Finally conclusion...

  10. Open access to scientific publishing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janne Beate Reitan

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Interest in open access (OA to scientific publications is steadily increasing, both in Norway and internationally. From the outset, FORMakademisk has been published as a digital journal, and it was one of the first to offer OA in Norway. We have since the beginning used Open Journal Systems (OJS as publishing software. OJS is part of the Public Knowledge Project (PKP, which was created by Canadian John Willinsky and colleagues at the Faculty of Education at the University of British Columbia in 1998. The first version of OJS came as an open source software in 2001. The programme is free for everyone to use and is part of a larger collective movement wherein knowledge is shared. When FORMakademisk started in 2008, we received much help from the journal Acta Didactic (n.d. at the University of Oslo, which had started the year before us. They had also translated the programme to Norwegian. From the start, we were able to publish in both Norwegian and English. Other journals have used FORMakademisk as a model and source of inspiration when starting or when converting from subscription-based print journals to electronic OA, including the Journal of Norwegian Media Researchers [Norsk medietidsskrift]. It is in this way that the movement around PKP works and continues to grow to provide free access to research. As the articles are OA, they are also easily accessible to non-scientists. We also emphasise that the language should be readily available, although it should maintain a high scientific quality. Often there may be two sides of the same coin. We on the editorial team are now looking forward to adopting the newly developed OJS 3 this spring, with many new features and an improved design for users, including authors, peer reviewers, editors and readers.

  11. ACCESSIBLE TOURISM – THE IGNORED OPPORTUNITY

    OpenAIRE

    Souca Maria Luiza

    2010-01-01

    To create a positive visitor experience, a key factor in obtaining economic benefits, the tourism industry must pay attention to all the elements that contribute to it, especially to accessibility. Visitor accessibility encompasses all tourism markets including seniors and people with disabilities, who have been defined through accessible tourism. This article offers a short presentation of the term accessible tourism, the existing research in the field and the main reasons why the worldwide ...

  12. NASA thesaurus. Volume 2: Access vocabulary

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    The access vocabulary, which is essentially a permuted index, provides access to any word or number in authorized postable and nonpostable terms. Additional entries include postable and nonpostable terms, other word entries and pseudo-multiword terms that are permutations of words that contain words within words. The access vocabulary contains almost 42,000 entries that give increased access to the hierarchies in Volume 1 - Hierarchical Listing.

  13. Environment Implications of China's WTO Accession

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Shantong; He Jianwu

    2006-01-01

    China's WTO accession will have important environmental implications. This article aims at providing environmental analysis of the impact of China's accession to the WTO, based on its final offer for WTO accession and a 53-sector, recursive dynamic computable general equilibrium (CGE) model of China. We try to provide some empirical evidences for policy makers to evaluate the effects of China's WTO accession from environmental prospective.

  14. Open Access og Den Bibliometriske Forskningsindikator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dorch, Bertil

    2011-01-01

    I sine "Anbefalinger til implementering af Open Access i Danmark" foreslår det nationale Open Access Udvalget blandet andet, at Den Bibliometriske Forskningsindikator (BFI) bør koordineres med en national Open Access-politik. I dette paper, der er baseret på et blogindlæg, fremfører forfatteren...... fire grunde til, hvorfor han synes det er en dårlig idé at koble Open Access til BFI....

  15. Access to Local Agriculture and Weight Outcomes

    OpenAIRE

    Joshua P. Berning

    2012-01-01

    Recent studies examine the impact of the built environment on health outcomes such as obesity. Several studies find for certain populations that access to unhealthy food has a positive effect on obesity, whereas access to healthy choices has a negative effect. Given the growth and popularity of locally grown food, we examine how individual weight outcomes are affected by access to direct-to-consumer local food. After controlling for potential endogeneity, we find that greater access to local ...

  16. Open Access og Den Bibliometriske Forskningsindikator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dorch, Bertil

    2011-01-01

    I sine "Anbefalinger til implementering af Open Access i Danmark" foreslår det nationale Open Access Udvalget blandet andet, at Den Bibliometriske Forskningsindikator (BFI) bør koordineres med en national Open Access-politik. I dette paper, der er baseret på et blogindlæg, fremfører forfatteren...... fire grunde til, hvorfor han synes det er en dårlig idé at koble Open Access til BFI....

  17. NASA studies access to space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bekey, Ivan; Powell, Richard; Austin, Robery

    1994-01-01

    A comprehensive internal NASA study known as 'Access to Space' has sought to identify and assess major alternatives for the long-range direction the space transportation program should take. The scope of the study covered all U.S. civilian, commercial, and national security needs for space transportation for the next several decades. Three alternative approaches were identified: using current vehicles; developing new conventional technology vehicles, and developing new advanced technology vehicles. Large annual operations cost savings could be obtained only with new vehicles, and then only with considerable up-front investments. Seven other major factors were assessed. The third option is found to be the most attractive.

  18. An optically accessible pyrolysis microreactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baraban, J. H.; Ellison, G. Barney [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); David, D. E. [Integrated Instrument Development Facility, CIRES, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0216 (United States); Daily, J. W. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States)

    2016-01-15

    We report an optically accessible pyrolysis micro-reactor suitable for in situ laser spectroscopic measurements. A radiative heating design allows for completely unobstructed views of the micro-reactor along two axes. The maximum temperature demonstrated here is only 1300 K (as opposed to 1700 K for the usual SiC micro-reactor) because of the melting point of fused silica, but alternative transparent materials will allow for higher temperatures. Laser induced fluorescence measurements on nitric oxide are presented as a proof of principle for spectroscopic characterization of pyrolysis conditions.

  19. MAG -- Access to magnetic tapes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allan, P. M.; Chipperfield, A. J.

    The MAG subroutine library allows a programmer to write portable programs which access data stored on magnetic tapes. By using the MAG routines, a program can read and write tapes, position the tape (both in absolute terms and relative to the current position) and can control the allocation of the tape drive and the physical mounting of the tape on systems which provide that facility. The library is currently supported for Sun Sparcstations running Solaris and for DEC Alphas running OSF/1. Historically it has been supported for DEC Ultrix and for SunOS and may still work for them. The library is also available for VAX/VMS systems.

  20. Teach yourself visually Access 2013

    CERN Document Server

    McFedries, Paul

    2013-01-01

    The easy, visual way to learn this popular database program Part of the Office 2013 productivity suite, Access enables you to organize, present, analyze, and share data on a network or over the web. With this Visual guide to show you how, you'll master the fundamentals of this robust database application in no time. Clear, step-by-step instructions are illustrated with full-color screen shots that show exactly what you should see on your screen. Learn to enter new records; create, edit, and design tables and forms; develop queries that generate specific reports; add smart tags to y

  1. Accessing and using chemical databases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nikolov, Nikolai Georgiev; Pavlov, Todor; Niemelä, Jay Russell

    2013-01-01

    Computer-based representation of chemicals makes it possible to organize data in chemical databases-collections of chemical structures and associated properties. Databases are widely used wherever efficient processing of chemical information is needed, including search, storage, retrieval......, and dissemination. Structure and functionality of chemical databases are considered. The typical kinds of information found in a chemical database are considered-identification, structural, and associated data. Functionality of chemical databases is presented, with examples of search and access types. More details...... are included about the OASIS database and platform and the Danish (Q)SAR Database online. Various types of chemical database resources are discussed, together with a list of examples....

  2. Strategies to improve smallholders' market access

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tilburg, van A.; Schalkwyk, van H.D.

    2011-01-01

    Smallholders, especially in less developed countries, have encountered several challenges in gaining access to markets. Market access includes the ability to obtain necessary farm inputs and farm services, and the ability to deliver farm products to buyers. Market access was less of a problem in the

  3. University Access, Inclusion and Social Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hlalele, D.; Alexander, G.

    2012-01-01

    University access programmes inherently and inevitably provide students with a "label". Firstly, students are generally segregated and stigmatised as they are treated as a separate group that accessed university somewhat "illegitimately". Access programmes generally place more emphasis on academic development and in so doing seem to undermine the…

  4. Five Steps to an Accessible Classroom Website

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amundson, Linda

    2009-01-01

    When teachers or technology coordinators publish a website, they are providing a product for a diverse group of people. That's why website design should follow accessibility guidelines. Websites should be accessible to those with visual, hearing, movement, cognitive, and speech disabilities. Good design means greater accessibility for all. This…

  5. Advanced Call Center Supporting WAP Access

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Traditional call centers can be accessed via speech only, and the call center based on web provides both data and speech access, but it needs a powerful terminal-computer. By analyzing traditional call centers and call centers based on web, this paper presents the framework of an advanced call center supporting WAP access. A typical service is also described in detail.

  6. World Summit embraces Open Access, libraries

    CERN Multimedia

    Kaser, D

    2004-01-01

    "The long-anticipated "first phase" meeting of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), held in Geneva in December, was supposed to have been about equal access. It turned out being equally about open access as leading scientific organizations pushed their open-access initiative onto the World Summit agenda" (1 page)

  7. 47 CFR 76.1707 - Leased access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Leased access. 76.1707 Section 76.1707... CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Documents to be Maintained for Inspection § 76.1707 Leased access. If a cable operator adopts and enforces a written policy regarding indecent leased access programming pursuant to §...

  8. 45 CFR 98.31 - Parental access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Parental access. 98.31 Section 98.31 Public... Program Operations (Child Care Services)-Parental Rights and Responsibilities § 98.31 Parental access. The... assistance is provided afford parents unlimited access to their children, and to the providers caring...

  9. 23 CFR 658.19 - Reasonable access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reasonable access. 658.19 Section 658.19 Highways... AND WEIGHT, ROUTE DESIGNATIONS-LENGTH, WIDTH AND WEIGHT LIMITATIONS § 658.19 Reasonable access. (a) No State may enact or enforce any law denying reasonable access to vehicles with dimensions authorized...

  10. 7 CFR 400.407 - Restricted access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Restricted access. 400.407 Section 400.407 Agriculture... Social Security Account Numbers and Employer Identification Numbers § 400.407 Restricted access. The Manager, other officer, or employee of FCIC or an authorized person may have access to the SSNs and...

  11. 40 CFR 35.6710 - Records access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Records access. 35.6710 Section 35.6710... Requirements Under A Cooperative Agreement § 35.6710 Records access. (a) Recipient requirements. The recipient must comply with the requirements regarding records access described in 40 CFR 31.42(e)....

  12. 5 CFR 1205.14 - Granting access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Granting access. 1205.14 Section 1205.14... Procedures for Obtaining Records § 1205.14 Granting access. (a) The Board may allow a requester to inspect... access to records may be accompanied by another individual of the requester's choice. Under...

  13. 30 CFR 57.11001 - Safe access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Safe access. 57.11001 Section 57.11001 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND... Travelways-Surface and Underground § 57.11001 Safe access. Safe means of access shall be provided...

  14. 47 CFR 69.114 - Special access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Special access. 69.114 Section 69.114 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) ACCESS CHARGES Computation of Charges § 69.114 Special access. (a) Appropriate subelements shall be established for the...

  15. 29 CFR 18.56 - Restricted access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Restricted access. 18.56 Section 18.56 Labor Office of the... ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES General § 18.56 Restricted access. On his or her own motion, or on the motion of any party, the administrative law judge may direct that there be a restricted access portion of the...

  16. 34 CFR 108.6 - Equal access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Equal access. 108.6 Section 108.6 Education Regulations... ACCESS TO PUBLIC SCHOOL FACILITIES FOR THE BOY SCOUTS OF AMERICA AND OTHER DESIGNATED YOUTH GROUPS § 108.6 Equal access. (a) General. Consistent with the requirements of paragraph (b) of this section,...

  17. 28 CFR 68.51 - Restricted access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Restricted access. 68.51 Section 68.51... ALIENS, UNFAIR IMMIGRATION-RELATED EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES, AND DOCUMENT FRAUD § 68.51 Restricted access. On... be a restricted access portion of the record to contain any material in the record to which...

  18. 30 CFR 56.11001 - Safe access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Safe access. 56.11001 Section 56.11001 Mineral... HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE METAL AND NONMETAL MINES Travelways § 56.11001 Safe access. Safe means of access shall be provided and maintained to all working places....

  19. 47 CFR 73.1944 - Reasonable access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reasonable access. 73.1944 Section 73.1944... Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1944 Reasonable access. (a) Section 312(a)(7) of the... or repeated failure to allow reasonable access to, or to permit purchase of, reasonable amounts...

  20. 40 CFR 35.935-7 - Access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Access. 35.935-7 Section 35.935-7... ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.935-7 Access. The grantee must insure that EPA and State representatives will have access to the project work whenever it is...

  1. 45 CFR 98.43 - Equal access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Equal access. 98.43 Section 98.43 Public Welfare... Operations (Child Care Services)-Lead Agency and Provider Requirements § 98.43 Equal access. (a) The Lead... sufficient to ensure equal access, for eligible families in the area served by the Lead Agency, to child...

  2. 36 CFR 13.120 - Access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Access. 13.120 Section 13.120... SYSTEM UNITS IN ALASKA Cabins General Provisions § 13.120 Access. (a) A permittee under this subpart who...) When issuing a permit under this subpart, the Superintendent shall provide for reasonable access...

  3. 37 CFR 251.22 - Public access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Public access. 251.22 Section... ROYALTY PANEL RULES AND PROCEDURES COPYRIGHT ARBITRATION ROYALTY PANEL RULES OF PROCEDURE Public Access to and Inspection of Records § 251.22 Public access. (a) Location of records. All of the...

  4. Challenges in Database Design with Microsoft Access

    Science.gov (United States)

    Letkowski, Jerzy

    2014-01-01

    Design, development and explorations of databases are popular topics covered in introductory courses taught at business schools. Microsoft Access is the most popular software used in those courses. Despite quite high complexity of Access, it is considered to be one of the most friendly database programs for beginners. A typical Access textbook…

  5. Open Access Publishing: What Authors Want

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nariani, Rajiv; Fernandez, Leila

    2012-01-01

    Campus-based open access author funds are being considered by many academic libraries as a way to support authors publishing in open access journals. Article processing fees for open access have been introduced recently by publishers and have not yet been widely accepted by authors. Few studies have surveyed authors on their reasons for publishing…

  6. 36 CFR 910.51 - Access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... AREA Glossary of Terms § 910.51 Access. Access, when used in reference to parking or loading, means... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Access. 910.51 Section 910.51 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION GENERAL GUIDELINES...

  7. Efficient Access Control in Multimedia Social Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sachan, Amit; Emmanuel, Sabu

    Multimedia social networks (MMSNs) have provided a convenient way to share multimedia contents such as images, videos, blogs, etc. Contents shared by a person can be easily accessed by anybody else over the Internet. However, due to various privacy, security, and legal concerns people often want to selectively share the contents only with their friends, family, colleagues, etc. Access control mechanisms play an important role in this situation. With access control mechanisms one can decide the persons who can access a shared content and who cannot. But continuously growing content uploads and accesses, fine grained access control requirements (e.g. different access control parameters for different parts in a picture), and specific access control requirements for multimedia contents can make the time complexity of access control to be very large. So, it is important to study an efficient access control mechanism suitable for MMSNs. In this chapter we present an efficient bit-vector transform based access control mechanism for MMSNs. The proposed approach is also compatible with other requirements of MMSNs, such as access rights modification, content deletion, etc. Mathematical analysis and experimental results show the effectiveness and efficiency of our proposed approach.

  8. Open Access Publishing: What Authors Want

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nariani, Rajiv; Fernandez, Leila

    2012-01-01

    Campus-based open access author funds are being considered by many academic libraries as a way to support authors publishing in open access journals. Article processing fees for open access have been introduced recently by publishers and have not yet been widely accepted by authors. Few studies have surveyed authors on their reasons for publishing…

  9. University Access, Inclusion and Social Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hlalele, D.; Alexander, G.

    2012-01-01

    University access programmes inherently and inevitably provide students with a "label". Firstly, students are generally segregated and stigmatised as they are treated as a separate group that accessed university somewhat "illegitimately". Access programmes generally place more emphasis on academic development and in so doing…

  10. University Access, Inclusion and Social Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hlalele, D.; Alexander, G.

    2012-01-01

    University access programmes inherently and inevitably provide students with a "label". Firstly, students are generally segregated and stigmatised as they are treated as a separate group that accessed university somewhat "illegitimately". Access programmes generally place more emphasis on academic development and in so doing…

  11. Cost Vs. Redundancy in FTTH Access Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haraldsson, Gustav Helgi; Pedersen, Jens Myrup

    2006-01-01

    This paper studies the feasibility of offering redundancy within the access network by planning an access network using the ear topology. This proposed network is compared to a traditional tree structured access network. The basic idea of the ear topology is to offer two individual fibers from se...

  12. Study on the sustainable housing prototypes in the countryside——House design of new socialist countryside in Guanzhong Region%新农村可持续建筑模式研究——关中地区新农村住宅设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐娅; 杨豪中

    2011-01-01

    This paper proposes the sustainable housing prototypes that address the issues in new socialist countryside construction. These prototypes are modern interpretations of the vernacular house, which create communal open space by grouping rowhouses around a common courtyard. Combining vernacular wisdom with the principles of sustainable design,these prototype may reduce land consumption, and resource consumption. They also create commnity open space; minimize imported materials and increase energy efficiency and thermal comfort. They improve the quality of life as well.%提出关中地区新农村住宅的可持续建筑模式,以解决新农村建设中所面临的问题.这些住宅建筑模式是对本土传统住宅的现代解释,并通过围合庭院的联排住宅创造出共享的开放空间.将传统和可持续设计原则相结合的建筑模式减少了土地消耗;减少了资源消耗;创造了社区开放空间;把对外来材料的需求减至最低;增加节能和热舒适性;所有这一切都将改善人们的生活品质.

  13. 法律下乡与离婚自由--一起乡村离婚事件的文化人类学考察%Sending Law to the Countryside and Freedom of Divorce:a Rural Divorce Case from the Perspective of Cultural Anthropology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘中一

    2013-01-01

    Under the context of sending law to the countryside, freedom of divorce has not yet become the conscious practice in the field of rural marriage. In most cases, what the rural people do is uncertain, because law itself cannot bring good order to rural marriage. The"local knowledge"of the marital traditions still dominates their logic of action in marriage.%  在法律下乡的社会大背景下,离婚自由并没有成为乡村社会婚姻场域内行动者自觉的实践。很多时候,人们的行为取向还是不确定的,因为仅仅依据法律还不能够为乡村婚姻带来良好的秩序,传统婚姻习俗的“地方性知识”仍然在很大程度上主导着村民在婚姻场域内的行为逻辑。

  14. 新农村文化建设中农民的文化自觉研究——以豫东周口地区为例%Study on Peasants' Cultural Consciousness in the Construction of the New Countryside Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁红泉

    2012-01-01

    在阐述文化自觉内涵的基础上,论述了农民的文化自觉对于新农村文化建设的意义,并提出了培养和养成农民文化自觉的对策,指出只有转变指导思想、明确农民的主体地位,发挥农村知识群体的桥梁作用,营造宽松的社会环境,培养具有高度文化自觉的农民群体,才能促进农村社会现代化的最终实现.%Based on the elaboration of cultural consciousness connotation, the significance of peasants' cultural consciousness to the construction of new countryside culture was expounded, and the countermeasures for fostering the peasants' cultural consciousness were put forward, it pointed out that only changing the guiding ideology, clearing peasants' main body position, playing rural intellectual group' s bridge role, constructing loose social environment and fostering peasants with high cultural consciousness, can promoted the realization of rural social modernization.

  15. Information network supports open access

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cauley, G.; Hirsch, P.; Vojdani, A. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States); Saxton, T.; Cleveland, F.

    1996-07-01

    On March 29, 1995, the US Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (NOPR) aimed at promoting wholesale competition through nondiscriminatory open transmission access. Industry working groups were formed to define the content of the transmission services information to be communicated over an electronic network and to define the requirements of the network itself.FERC issued final rules on April 24, 1996. At this writing, the transmission services information network (TSIN) is just completing design, and initial implementation should be in place by November 1, 1996. There will be about 20--35 nodes representing all public transmission systems in the US. The network will use the Internet as a base, allowing access by all authorized users anywhere in the world. The tools used will be based on the standard Internet tools such as World-Wide Web (Web) browsers. This provides a low-cost, high-function, consistent interconnected network to provide information to all transmission customers. The network will have good performance and be secure. It will allow transmission customers to have available information on available transmission capacity, cost and tariffs for transmission capacity, and cost of ancillary services. This article outlines the content of the industry reports and the FERC rulings.

  16. Energy access and sustainable development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kammen, Daniel M.; Alstone, Peter; Gershenson, Dimitry

    2015-03-01

    With 1.4 billion people lacking electricity to light their homes and provide other basic services, or to conduct business, and all of humanity (and particularly the poor) are in need of a decarbonized energy system can close the energy access gap and protect the global climate system. With particular focus on addressing the energy needs of the underserved, we present an analytical framework informed by historical trends and contemporary technological, social, and institutional conditions that clarifies the heterogeneous continuum of centralized on-grid electricity, autonomous mini- or community grids, and distributed, individual energy services. We find that the current day is a unique moment of innovation in decentralized energy networks based on super-efficient end-use technology and low-cost photovoltaics, supported by rapidly spreading information technology, particularly mobile phones. Collectively these disruptive technology systems could rapidly increase energy access, contributing to meeting the Millennium Development Goals for quality of life, while simultaneously driving action towards low-carbon, Earth-sustaining, energy systems.

  17. Medical records and access thereto.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McQuoid-Mason, D

    1996-01-01

    Medical records are essential tools in the practice of medicine. They are important in the planning and monitoring of patient care and for the protection of the legal interests of patients, hospitals and doctors. There is a legal duty on doctors to maintain confidentiality and failure to do so may result in an action for invasion of privacy, defamation or even breach of contract. There are, however, exceptions to this rule. There are procedural remedies available to obtain access to medical records where they are relevant to civil or criminal proceedings. There are also constitutional provisions under the Interim and Working Draft Constitutions which may allow such access. The former only applies to records held by the state while the latter applies to both state and privately held records. Ownership of medical records usually vests in the doctor or institution treating the patient, but such ownership is custodial rather than absolute. Patient records should be accurate, objective and contemporaneous. The international trend is to allow patients to inspect their records and to allow them to make copies thereof. It is submitted that given the provisions of the Interim and Working Draft Constitutions the same should apply in South Africa.

  18. High-impact open access journals

    OpenAIRE

    Vallez, Mari; Pagès i Camps, Gerard

    2014-01-01

    Poster presented in the LIBER 43rd Annual Conference. It is shown the tool "High-impact open access journals ¿" created by the Library of the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya. The tool gives access to open access journals listed in the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) with impact factor in the Journal Citation Reports 2011 or SCImago Journal Rank. Pòster presentat al LIBER 43rd Annual Conference. Es mostra l'eina "High-impact open access journals" creada per la Biblioteca de ...

  19. [Direct access to physical therapy services].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parag, Ayala; Jacobson, Eyal; Afek, Arnon

    2014-07-01

    This article presents findings from professional and scientific articles written on the subject of direct access to physical therapy services. Direct access is sometimes referred to as "self-referral"--the patient does not require a physician's referral prior to receiving physiotherapy treatment. The article provides insight from the experience of countries where direct access is accepted practice, which will serve as a theoretical and scientific basis for the use of direct access in Israel. Findings include the influence of direct access on the health care system: cost-benefit analysis, advantages and challenges, as well as the perspective of main stakeholders: physicians, physical therapists and patient-clients. .

  20. An Access Control Framework for Reflective Middleware

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gang Huang; Lian-Shan Sun

    2008-01-01

    Reflective middleware opens up the implementation details of middleware platform and applications at runtime for improving the adaptability of middleware-based systems. However, such openness brings new challenges to access control of the middleware-based systems.Some users can access the system via reflective entities, which sometimes cannot be protected by access control mechanisms of traditional middleware. To deliver high adaptability securely, reflective middleware should be equipped with proper access control mechanisms for potential access control holes induced by reflection. One reason of integrating these mechanisms in reflective middleware is that one goal of reflective middleware is to equip applications with reflection capabilities as transparent as possible. This paper studies how to design a reflective J2EE middlewarePKUAS with access control in mind. At first, a computation model of reflective system is built to identify all possible access control points induced by reflection. Then a set of access control mechanisms, including the wrapper of MBeans and a hierarchy of Java class loaders, are equipped for controlling the identified access control points. These mechanisms together with J2EE access control mechanism form the access control framework for PKUAS. The paper evaluates the security and the performance overheads of the framework in quality and quantity.

  1. Access recirculation in a native fistula in spite of a seemingly adequate access flow

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haas, Mark; Spargo, Benjamin H.; Wit, Ernst-Jan C.; Meehan, Shane M.

    2000-01-01

    True access recirculation (AR) measured by ultrasound dilution technique is usually absent in well-working shunts. It occurs with low access flows (Qa). High access flow rates are assumed to prevent AR. Two major exceptions to these rules are known: presence of intra-access strictures and inadverten

  2. (Un)Caring Communities: Processes of Marginalisation and Access to Formal and Informal Care and Assistance in Rural Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kay, Rebecca

    2011-01-01

    The marginality of rural life, understood in structural, economic, political and geographic terms, has been an underlying theme in both historical and contemporary studies of the Russian countryside. Much less attention has been paid to marginality as relational and the moral discourses of (un)belonging and (un)deservingness through which moral…

  3. Evaluating Accessible Synchronous CMC Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Lobo, Fernando G; Condado, Paulo A; Romão, Teresa; Godinho, Rui; Moreno, Manuel

    2010-01-01

    This paper proposes a more general evaluation methodology to measure the usability and user experience qualities of accessible synchronous computer-mediated communication applications. The proposed methodology goes beyond current practices by evaluating how the interaction between a user and a product influences the user experience of those at the other endpoint of the communication. Another contribution of the paper is the proposal of a user test where one of the participants tries to guess whether the other participant has a disability or not. An argument is made suggesting that the ultimate goal when designing real-time communication applications is to design mechanisms that can hide the disabilities of users, so that participants involved in the communication do not perceive the disabilities of each other. The proposed ideas are tested and validated with two examples of synchronous communication applications.

  4. Digital autonomous terminal access communications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novacki, S.

    1987-01-01

    A significant problem for the Bus Monitor Unit is to identify the source of a given transmission. This problem arises from the fact that the label which identifies the source of the transmission as it is put into the bus is intercepted by the Digital Autonomous Terminal Access Communications (DATAC) terminal and removed from the transmission. Thus, a given subsystem will see only data associated with a label and never the identifying label itself. The Bus Monitor must identify the source of the transmission so as to be able to provide some type of error identification/location in the event that some problem with the data transmission occurs. Steps taken to alleviate this problem by modifications to the DATAC terminal are discussed.

  5. Accessing social rights in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacqueson, Catherine

    2015-01-01

    are in decreasing order Polish, German and British nationals. Debates among politicians reflected in the media have since the enlargement of the EU to 10 new Member States in 2004 focused on and off on the issue of access by migrants to social benefits and the issue of social tourism. The debate and discussions......, and the attitude of main actors, such as the media and political parties. It thus looks both at theory and practice. EU-based migration to Denmark is still relatively low, and is essentially exercised by workers and students. Apart from Scandinavians, the most representative EU-citizens actually living in Denmark......’s emphasizing that the existing law was incompatible with EU law, especially with Regulation 883/2004 on the coordination of social security schemes. While Denmark praises itself for being a good pupil in faithfully respecting and applying EU law, reality is another where EU law is seen as a threat...

  6. Open Access: (Social Sciences as Public Good

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katja Mruck

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available The need to provide open access to articles published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals is becoming apparent to researchers as well as the non-scientific public as a result of "Budapest Open Access Initiative," the "Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities" and other initiatives. The core question that concerns open access is the following: since scientific information is usually financed by public funding, and therefore a public good, shouldn't the access be free of cost to all interested parties. Currently the open access movement is encountering the movement against the "Digital Divide," and therefore it is not surprising that the demand for open access has extended to a political level as reflected in the "WSIS Declaration of Principles" and the "WSIS Plan of Action." This article begins by providing a brief summary of the historical background of the open access movement and its major aims (Section 2. It then lists examples that explain possible links between the open access movement and the initiatives against the "Digital Divide" (Section 3. Section 4 considers some important barriers responsible for the fact that open access publishing is still not part of the everyday scientific publishing practices. This has various consequences. Selected consequences concerning the recent debate on redistribution processes between "information poor" and "information rich" are summarized in Section 5. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0402141

  7. Comparing access for all: disability-induced accessibility disparity in Lisbon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vale, David S.; Ascensão, Fernando; Raposo, Nuno; Figueiredo, António Pedro

    2017-01-01

    It is well known that individual impairments create disparities in the accessibility of individuals to opportunities, lengthening the distances or time needed to reach them or even completely impeding access. However, the accurate calculation and representation of these disparities remain a major challenge for urban and transportation planners. In this paper, we adopt the concept of accessibility disparity, originally applied to measure place accessibility by different modes of transport, to measure and represent the accessibility of individuals with physical disabilities compared to those without disabilities. We use spatial network analysis to calculate spatial connectivity and the accessibility of Lisbon's city center, revealing what we define as `disability-induced accessibility disparity'. Our results reveal not only the locations responsible for reduced accessibility, i.e., barriers and/or deterrents to movement, but also how much any given disparity reduces the accessibility of an individual, allowing the use of this methodology by planners to identify critical areas and to design inclusive public spaces.

  8. EQUITABLE ACCESS TO HEALTH SERVICE IN BANYUWANGI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lusi Herawati Sunyoto Usman Mark Zuidgeest

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Equitable health care is a basic right for citizens and must be fulfilled by the government. This research analyzed communitydiscrepancy in access to reach health services in public hospitals and Puskesmas (health centers in Banyuwangi Regency.This research identified community accessibility to health facilities services using travel time and transport modes choiceas indicators. Flowmap tool is used to analyze catchment area of each health facility using different transport modes choice:becak and public transport for poor group and motorcycle and car for non-poor group with different travel time within 30, 60 and more than 60 minutes. It is concluded that there was an accessibility difference between poor and non-poor group. The accessibility to the health facilities of poor group was lower than non-poor group. This condition occurred because the government policy of equitable access to health service facility did not pay attention to accessibility of poor group.

  9. Web accessibility of public universities in Andalusia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Alejandro Casasola Balsells

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes an analysis conducted in 2015 to evaluate the accessibility of content on Andalusian public university websites. In order to determinate whether these websites are accessible, an assessment has been carried out to check conformance with the latest Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG 2.0 established by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C. For this purpose, we have designed a methodology for analysis that combines the use of three automatic tools (eXaminator, MINHAP web accessibility tool, and TAW with a manual analysis to provide a greater reliability and validity of the results. Although the results are acceptable overall, a detailed analysis shows that more is still needed for achieving full accessibility for the entire university community. In this respect, we suggest several corrections to common accessibility errors for facilitating the design of university web portals.

  10. Web Accessibility - A timely recognized challenge

    CERN Document Server

    Qadri, Jameel A

    2011-01-01

    Web Accessibility for disabled people has posed a challenge to the civilized societies that claim to uphold the principles of equal opportunity and nondiscrimination. Certain concrete measures have been taken to narrow down the digital divide between normal and disabled users of Internet technology. The efforts have resulted in enactment of legislations and laws and mass awareness about the discriminatory nature of the accessibility issue, besides the efforts have resulted in the development of commensurate technological tools to develop and test the Web accessibility. World Wide Web consortium's (W3C) Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) has framed a comprehensive document comprising of set of guidelines to make the Web sites accessible to the users with disabilities. This paper is about the issues and aspects surrounding Web Accessibility. The details and scope are kept limited to comply with the aim of the paper which is to create awareness and to provide basis for in-depth investigation.

  11. Perilous terra incognita--open-access journals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balon, Richard

    2014-04-01

    The author focuses on a new rapidly spreading practice of publication in open-access journals. The pros and cons of open-access journals are discussed. Publishing in these journals may be cost prohibitive for educators and junior faculty members. Some authors may be lured by the ease of publishing in open-access journals (and their, at times, inflated self-description, e.g., "international", "scientific"), and their possibly valuable contributions will escape the attention of Academic Psychiatry readership in the vast sea of open-access journals. The readership may be flooded with a large number of low-quality articles (maybe not even properly peer-reviewed) from open-access journals. It may take some time to sort out what is and what is not relevant and useful. Open-access publishing represents a problematic and controversial practice and may be associated with a conflict of interest for the editors and publishers of these journals.

  12. Database Access through Java Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolae MERCIOIU

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available As a high level development environment, the Java technologies offer support to the development of distributed applications, independent of the platform, providing a robust set of methods to access the databases, used to create software components on the server side, as well as on the client side. Analyzing the evolution of Java tools to access data, we notice that these tools evolved from simple methods that permitted the queries, the insertion, the update and the deletion of the data to advanced implementations such as distributed transactions, cursors and batch files. The client-server architectures allows through JDBC (the Java Database Connectivity the execution of SQL (Structured Query Language instructions and the manipulation of the results in an independent and consistent manner. The JDBC API (Application Programming Interface creates the level of abstractization needed to allow the call of SQL queries to any DBMS (Database Management System. In JDBC the native driver and the ODBC (Open Database Connectivity-JDBC bridge and the classes and interfaces of the JDBC API will be described. The four steps needed to build a JDBC driven application are presented briefly, emphasizing on the way each step has to be accomplished and the expected results. In each step there are evaluations on the characteristics of the database systems and the way the JDBC programming interface adapts to each one. The data types provided by SQL2 and SQL3 standards are analyzed by comparison with the Java data types, emphasizing on the discrepancies between those and the SQL types, but also the methods that allow the conversion between different types of data through the methods of the ResultSet object. Next, starting from the metadata role and studying the Java programming interfaces that allow the query of result sets, we will describe the advanced features of the data mining with JDBC. As alternative to result sets, the Rowsets add new functionalities that

  13. Energy Consumption of Wireless Network Access Points

    OpenAIRE

    ANDRADE MORELLI, SEBASTIÁN; RUIZ SANCHEZ, EDUARDO; GRANELL ROMERO, EMILIO; Lloret, Jaime

    2013-01-01

    2nd International Conference on Green Communications and Networking, GreeNets 2012; Gandia; Spain; 25 October 2012 through 26 October 2012 The development of low cost technology based on IEEE 802.11 standard permits to build telecommunication networks at low cost, allowing providing Internet access in rural areas in developing countries. The lack of access to the electrical grid is a problem when the network is being developed in rural areas, so that wireless access points should operate u...

  14. Advanced Call Center Supporting WAP Access

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUANXiao-hua; CHENJun-liang

    2001-01-01

    Traditional call centers can be accessed via speech only, and the call center based on web provides both da-ta and speech access,but it needs a powerful terminal-computer.By analyzing traditional call centers and call cen-ters based on web, this paper presents the framework of an advanced call center supporting WAP access.A typical service is also described in detail.

  15. Awareness of Turkish society about accessible tourism

    OpenAIRE

    BULGAN, Gülay

    2016-01-01

    Turkey is among the countries which cannot have a share of accessible tourism although it is challenging and has a big market in tourism. People with disabilities represent a significant market share and Turkey can have a share of this market to increase its tourism revenues. Aim of this study is to present the awareness level of Turkish society about accessible tourism. This study concluded that Turkish society has an awareness of accessible tourism, but tourism establishme...

  16. Optical Subsystems for Next Generation Access Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lazaro, J.A; Polo, V.; Schrenk, B.

    2011-01-01

    Recent optical technologies are providing higher flexibility to next generation access networks: on the one hand, providing progressive FTTx and specifically FTTH deployment, progressively shortening the copper access network; on the other hand, also opening fixed-mobile convergence solutions...... in next generation PON architectures. It is provided an overview of the optical subsystems developed for the implementation of the proposed NG-Access Networks....

  17. 5 CFR 1205.15 - Denying access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Denying access. 1205.15 Section 1205.15... Procedures for Obtaining Records § 1205.15 Denying access. (a) Basis. In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552a(k)(2), the Board may deny access to records that are of an investigatory nature and that are compiled for...

  18. Processing keyword queries under access limitations

    OpenAIRE

    Calì, Andrea; Martinenghi, D.; Torlone, R.

    2015-01-01

    The Deep Web is constituted by data accessible through Web pages, but not readily indexable by search engines, as they are returned in dynamic pages. In this paper we propose a framework for accessing Deep Web sources, represented as relational tables with so-called access limitations, with keyword-based queries. We formalize the notion of optimal answer and propose methods for query processing. To the best of our knowledge, ours is the first systematic approach to keyword search in such cont...

  19. Awareness of Turkish society about accessible tourism

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Turkey is among the countries which cannot have a share of accessible tourism although it is challenging and has a big market in tourism. People with disabilities represent a significant market share and Turkey can have a share of this market to increase its tourism revenues. Aim of this study is to present the awareness level of Turkish society about accessible tourism. This study concluded that Turkish society has an awareness of accessible tourism, but tourism establishme...

  20. Mapping City Accessibility: Review and Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comai, Sara; Kayange, Daniel; Mangiarotti, Raffaella; Matteucci, Matteo; Ugur Yavuz, Secil; Valentini, Francesco

    2015-01-01

    The paper presents an analysis of prototypes, studies, and applications for the mapping of city accessibility, focusing mainly on sidewalks accessibility. Moreover, it presents the results of two focus groups that we organized both with electric and with manual wheelchairs to attain requirements and insights to design a user-friendly app for the collection and visualization of information about the accessibility of urban pedestrian pathways.