WorldWideScience

Sample records for correlative radioanatomical investigation

  1. Coracoid process x-ray investigation before Latarjet procedure: a radioanatomic study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachy, Manon; Lapner, Peter L C; Goutallier, Daniel; Allain, Jérôme; Hernigou, Phillipe; Bénichou, Jacques; Zilber, Sébastien

    2013-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether a preoperative radiologic assessment of the coracoid process is predictive of the amount of bone available for coracoid transfer by the Latarjet procedure. Thirty-five patients with anterior instability undergoing a Latarjet procedure were included. A preoperative radiologic assessment was performed with the Bernageau and true anteroposterior (true AP) views. The length of the coracoid process was measured on both radiographic views and the values were compared with the length of the bone block during surgery. Statistical analysis was carried out by ANOVA and Wilcoxon tests (P Latarjet procedure, including graft orientation and screw placement, requires knowledge of the length of coracoid bone available for transfer. This can be facilitated with the use of preoperative standard radiographs, thus avoiding computed tomography. This planning allows the detection of coracoid process anatomic variations or the analysis of the remaining part of the coracoid process after failure of a first Latarjet procedure to avoid an iliac bone graft. Radiologic preoperative coracoid process measurement is an easy, reliable method to aid preoperative planning of the Latarjet procedure in primary surgery and reoperations. Copyright © 2013 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. All rights reserved.

  2. Propane hydrate nucleation: Experimental investigation and correlation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Lars; Thomsen, Kaj; von Solms, Nicolas

    2008-01-01

    In this work the nucleation kinetics of propane gas hydrate has been investigated experimentally using a stirred batch reactor. The experiments have been performed isothermally recording the pressure as a function of time. Experiments were conducted at different stirring rates, but in the same......) to the aqueous phase was found to reduce the gas dissolution rate slightly. However the induction times were prolonged quite substantially upon addition of PVP.The induction time data were correlated using a newly developed induction time model based on crystallization theory also capable of taking into account...... the presence of additives. In most cases reasonable agreement between the data and the model could be obtained. The results revealed that especially the effective surface energy between propane hydrate and water is likely to change when the stirring rate varies from very high to low. The prolongation...

  3. An Investigation of 2+1 Correlations

    CERN Document Server

    Lyons, Harry

    2016-01-01

    The properties of the quark gluon plasma can be studied by comparing the nature of hard scatters in a vacuum with those in a heavy ion collision. As a scattered parton traverses the medium it interacts strongly and this interaction can be observed by looking at the resulting jet's properties. It is important to control the path length travelled by the parton in order to fully understand the quenching mechanism. In this report a method of constraining path length known as a 2+1 correlation is studied by generating simple models of heavy ion events and building the correlation functions following the denition of the 2 + 1 correlation. There is then discussion on how to remove the background and isolate the jet contributions to obtain useful properties such as jet widths and jet yields.

  4. Quantum Discord for Investigating Quantum Correlations without Entanglement in Solids

    CERN Document Server

    Rong, Xing; Jin, Fangzhou; Geng, Jianpei; Feng, Pengbo; Xu, Nanyang; Wang, Ya; Ju, Chenyong; Shi, Mingjun; Du, Jiangfeng

    2012-01-01

    Quantum systems unfold diversified correlations which have no classical counterparts. These quantum correlations have various different facets. Quantum entanglement, as the most well known measure of quantum correlations, plays essential roles in quantum information processing. However, it has recently been pointed out that quantum entanglement cannot describe all the nonclassicality in the correlations. Thus the study of quantum correlations in separable states attracts widely attentions. Herein, we experimentally investigate the quantum correlations of separable thermal states in terms of quantum discord. The sudden change of quantum discord is observed, which captures ambiguously the critical point associated with the behavior of Hamiltonian. Our results display the potential applications of quantum correlations in studying the fundamental properties of quantum system, such as quantum criticality of non-zero temperature.

  5. Investigation of higher order correlations in swirling pipe flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acrivlellis, M.; Jungbluth, H.; Cantrak, S.

    1982-04-01

    Statistical quantities of swirling pipe flows generated by radial guide vanes were studied by a triple hot-wire probe and digital data reduction at two cross-sections of the pipe, one directly behind the swirl generator and the other some distance downstream from the vanes. The influence of swirl intensity on the axial pipe flow was investigated with the measured second and third order correlations as well as the third and fourth order central moments. The probability-density distribution shows the significance of the turbulence transfer mechanism in the complicated process of swirling flows.

  6. In vivo diffuse correlation spectroscopy investigation of the ocular fundus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cattini, Stefano; Staurenghi, Giovanni; Gatti, Antonietta; Rovati, Luigi

    2013-05-01

    Diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS) measurements in vivo recorded from rabbits' ocular fundus are presented. Despite the complexity of these ocular tissues, we provide a clear and simple demonstration of the DCS abilities to analyze variations in physiological quantities of clinical interest. Indeed, the reported experimental activities demonstrate that DCS can reveal both choroidal-flow and temperature variations and detect nano- and micro-aggregates in ocular fundus circulation. Such abilities can be of great interest both in fundamental research and practical clinical applications. The proposed measuring system can be useful in: (a) monitoring choroidal blood flow variations, (b) determining the end-point for photo-dynamic therapy and transpupillary thermo therapy and, (c) managing the dye injection and determining an end-point for dye-enhanced photothrombosis. Moreover, it could allow both diagnoses when the presence of nano- and micro-aggregates is related to specific diseases and verifying the effects of nanoparticle injection in nanomedicine. Even though the reported results demonstrate the applicability of DCS to investigate ocular fundus, a detailed and accurate investigation of the limits of detection is beyond the scope of this article.

  7. Investigating correlation between legal and physical property: possibilities and constraints

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimopoulou, E.; Kitsakis, D.; Tsiliakou, E.

    2015-06-01

    Contemporary urban environment is characterized by complexity and mixed use of space, in which overlapping land parcels and different RRRs (Rights, Restrictions and Responsibilities) are frequent phenomena. Internationally, real property legislation either focuses on surface property or has introduced individual 3D real property units. The former approach merely accommodates issues related to subdivision, expropriation and transactions on part of the real property above or below surface, while the latter provides for defining and registering 3D real property units. National laws require two-dimensional real property descriptions and only a limited number of jurisdictions provide for threedimensional data presentation and recording. International awareness on 3D Cadastre may be apparent through the proposals for transition of existing cadastral systems to 3D along with legal amendments improving national 3D Cadastre legislation. Concurrently the use of appropriate data sources and the correct depiction of 3D property units' boundaries and spatial relationships need to be addressed. Spatial relations and constraints amongst real world objects could be modeled geometrically and topologically utilizing numerous modeling tools, e.g. CityGML, BIM and further sophisticated 3D software or by adapting international standards, e.g. LADM. A direct correlation between legal and physical property should be based on consistent geometry between physical and legal space, improving the accuracy that legal spaces' volumes or locations are defined. To address these issues, this paper investigates correlation possibilities and constraints between legal and physical space of typical 3D property cases. These cases comprise buildings or their interior spaces with mixed use, as well as complex structures described by explicit facade patterns, generated by procedural or by BIM ready 3D models. The 3D models presented are evaluated, regarding compliancy to physical or legal reality.

  8. Investigation Of The Diffuse IGM By Cross-Correlation Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farnsworth, Damon; Brown, Shea; Rudnick, Lawrence

    2009-12-01

    We present results from the first cross-correlation search for the synchrotron component of the diffuse intergalactic medium (IGM) in filamentary large scale structure (LSS). We used the low resolution (36') Bonn survey at 21cm, with the infrared 2MASS catalog as a tracer of the LSS. Synchrotron emission likely results from LSS formation shocks and feedback from AGN and galactic winds [2]. We determined 3σ upper limits to the diffuse emission in units of flux per galaxy; these correspond to filament equipartition magnetic fields as low as 0.2 μG. The detection threshold for the average (peak) filament brightness is 1 (7) mK for 0.03Bonn survey, demonstrating the power of this technique.

  9. Investigating the neural correlates of the Stroop effect with magnetoencephalography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galer, Sophie; Op De Beeck, Marc; Urbain, Charline; Bourguignon, Mathieu; Ligot, Noémie; Wens, Vincent; Marty, Brice; Van Bogaert, Patrick; Peigneux, Philippe; De Tiège, Xavier

    2015-01-01

    Reporting the ink color of a written word when it is itself a color name incongruent with the ink color (e.g. "red" printed in blue) induces a robust interference known as the Stroop effect. Although this effect has been the subject of numerous functional neuroimaging studies, its neuronal substrate is still a matter of debate. Here, we investigated the spatiotemporal dynamics of interference-related neural events using magnetoencephalography (MEG) and voxel-based analyses (SPM8). Evoked magnetic fields (EMFs) were acquired in 12 right-handed healthy subjects performing a color-word Stroop task. Behavioral results disclosed a classic interference effect with longer mean reaction times for incongruent than congruent stimuli. At the group level, EMFs' differences between incongruent and congruent trials spanned from 380 to 700 ms post-stimulus onset. Underlying neural sources were identified in the left pre-supplementary motor area (pre-SMA) and in the left posterior parietal cortex (PPC) confirming the role of these regions in conflict processing.

  10. Investigating short wavelength correlated errors on low resolution mode altimetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poisson, Jean-Christophe; Thibaut, Pierre; Dibarboure, Gérald; Labroue, Sylvie; Lasne, Yannick; Boy, François; Picot, Nicolas

    2013-04-01

    Although conventional radar altimetry products (Jason1, Jason2, LRM CRYOSAT2, etc) have a spatial resolution as high as 300 m, the observation of ocean scales smaller than 100 km is limited by the existence of a "spectral hump", i.e. a geographically coherent error. In the frame of the future altimetry missions (SAR for Cryosat -2 and Sentinel-3 missions and interferometry for the SWOT mission) it becomes crucial to investigate again and to better understand the signals obtained at small scales by conventional altimeter missions. Through an analysis of simulations, we show that heterogeneous backscattering scenes can result in the corruption of the altimeter waveforms and retracked parameters. The retrackers used in current ground processors cannot well fit the Brown model during backscattering events because this model has been designed for a homogeneous scene. The error is also propagated along-track because of the size and shape of the low resolution mode (LRM) disc-shaped footprint. The hump phenomenon is shown to be almost ubiquitous in the ocean, yet more intense at low latitudes and in the Indian Ocean and Western Pacific Ocean, where backscattering events are more frequent. Its overall signature could be a Gaussian-like random signal smooth for wavelengths smaller than 15 km, i.e. white noise on 1 Hz products. The analysis of current data from 5 altimetry missions highlights the influence of the instrument design and altitude, and the influence of the retracker used. The spectral hump is a systematic response to random events and it is possible to mitigate it with new processing. Simulations and geographically limited datasets from the synthetic aperture radar mode (SARM) of Cryosat-2 show that the thin stripe-shaped synthetic footprint of SARM might be less sensitive to the artifact.

  11. INTRINSIC AND EXTRINSIC MOTIVATION - AN INVESTIGATION OF PERFORMANCE CORRELATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abrudan Maria-Madela

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available A series of research untaken in the last decade have revealed some interesting aspects regarding the effects of different types of motivation on performance. Among the researchers who have shown interest in this field we can number: Richard Ryan, Edward Deci, Sam Glucksberg, Dan Ariely, Robert Eisenhower, Linda Shanock, analysts from London School of Economics, and others. Their findings suggest that extrinsic incentives may have a negative impact on overall performance, but a general agreement in this respect has not been reached. In this paper we intend to shed some light upon the relationship between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and performance. Experts define intrinsic motivation as being the execution of a task or activity because of the inherent satisfaction arising from it rather than due to some separate outcome. In contrast with intrinsic motivation, we speak of extrinsic motivation whenever an activity is done in order to attain some separable outcome. With the purpose of contributing to the clarification of the links between concepts, we initiated and conducted an explanatory research. The research is based on the analysis of the relations between the results obtained by third year students and their predominant type of motivation. For this, we formulated and tested four work hypotheses using a combination of quantitative methods (investigation and qualitative methods (focus group. After the validation of the questionnaires, the respondents were divided into four categories: intrinsically motivated, extrinsically motivated, both intrinsically and extrinsically motivated and unmotivated. To analyze the collected data, we made use of Excel and SPSS. Some of the primary conclusions of the research are as follows: as the average increases, the percent of individuals having both extrinsic and intrinsic motivation is decreasing; the highest percentage of unmotivated students is concentrated in the highest average category; Female

  12. Investigation of MINACE composite filter capabilities for multicolor images correlation recognition purposes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evtikhiev, N. N.; Zlokazov, E. Yu; Petrova, E. K.; Starikov, R. S.; Shaulskiy, D. V.

    2016-08-01

    Article represents the results of investigations in the area of distortion invariant images recognition using composite correlation filters. One of the most successive for application is a filter known as MINACE (minimum noise and average correlation energy). The capabilities of MINACE filter synthesis for multicolor image recognition problem are discussed.

  13. Numerical Study of Condensation Heat Exchanger Design in a Cooling jacket: Correlation Investigation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Myoung Jun; Lee, Hee Joon [Kookmin Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kang, Han Ok; Lee, Tae Ho; Park, Cheon Tae [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-10-15

    In this study, condensing heat transfer correlation of TSCON is evaluated with the existing experimental data set to design condensation heat exchanger without noncondensable gas effect (pure steam condensation) in a cooling jacket. From the investigation of the existing condensation heat transfer correlation to the existing experimental data, the improved Shah's correlation showed most satisfactory result for the condensation heat transfer coefficient with experimental data of Khun in a cooling jacket, whereas the Shah's correlation with experimental data of Lee. Lee et al. reported the improved Shah correlation gave us the best predictor for the condensation heat transfer data of Kim and Henderson in a subcooled and saturated water pool. They suggested the improved Shah correlation should be adopted as condensation heat transfer module in TSCON(Thermal Sizing of CONdenser) to design condensation heat exchanger in secondary passive cooling system of nuclear plant.

  14. An investigation into the linear and nonlinear correlation of two music walk sequences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Zhi-Yuan; Wu, Tzuyin; Wang, Yeng-Tseng; Huang, Hsin-Yi

    2008-08-01

    In order to investigate the features of a multiple-part musical score which enhance its appeal to the listener’s ear, this study performs a robust analysis of the correlation between two musical sequences. In the proposed approach, a series of notes are extracted from seven well-known classical pieces of music and are converted into one-variable “music walks”. The linear correlation between pairs of music walks is assessed using the conventional linear correlation coefficient, while the nonlinear correlation is examined using the mutual information concept. The results show that even though two musical time walks may exhibit virtually no linear correlation, they invariably have a certain degree of nonlinear correlation. In other words, to truly understand the correlation between two musical sequences, it is necessary to consider not only the linear correlation between them, but also the nonlinear correlation. In addition, it is shown that the normalized mutual information coefficient between musical sequences has a relatively low value and varies significantly over the course of the musical score. Thus, it can be inferred that the appeal of a musical score stems at least in part from significant variations in both the melody and the rhythm of the constituent parts such that the overall score has a rich and unpredictable property.

  15. High-energy photoemission spectroscopy for investigating bulk electronic structures of strongly correlated systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sekiyama, Akira, E-mail: sekiyama@mp.es.osaka-u.ac.jp [Division of Materials Physics, Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka 560-8531, Osaka (Japan); SPring-8/RIKEN, Sayo 679-5148, Hyogo (Japan)

    2016-04-15

    Progress of high-energy photoemission spectroscopy for investigating the bulk electronic structures of strongly correlated electron systems is reviewed. High-resolution soft X-ray photoemission has opened the door for revealing the bulk strongly correlated spectral functions overcoming the surface contributions. More bulk-sensitive hard X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (HAXPES) enables us to study the electronic structure with negligible surface contribution. The recent development of the polarization-dependent HAXPES is also described in this short review.

  16. Investigation of Bose-Einstein Correlations in 3 jet events with the DELPHI detector

    CERN Document Server

    Remortel, N; Mandl, Franz

    2001-01-01

    A preliminary investigation of Bose-Einstein correlations in 3 jet events has been made by analysing the collected data at the $Z^0$ peak from '94 and '95 and the calibration runs during the LEP2 period from '97 to 2000. Three methods were used to extract two-particle correlation functions. No significant difference was found between quark and gluon jets for all three methods.

  17. Investigation of Bose-Einstein correlations in 3 jet events with the DELPHI detector

    CERN Document Server

    Van Remortel, N; Mandl, F

    2002-01-01

    A preliminary investigation of Bose-Einstein correlations in 3 jet events has been made by analysing the collected data at the Z/sup 0/ peak from '94 and '95 and the calibration runs during the LEP2 period from '97 to 2000. Three methods were used to extract two-particle correlation functions. No significant difference was found between quark and gluon jets for all three methods. (11 refs).

  18. Experimental state of n-n correlation function for Borromean halo nuclei investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrascu, M.; Constantinescu, A.; Cruceru, I.; Duma, M.; Giurgiu, M.; Isbasescu, A.; Petrascu, H.; Serban, S.; Stoica, V.; Bordeanu, C.; Tanihata, I.; Lynch, W. G.; Famiano, M. A.; Ieki, K.

    2007-06-01

    The present experimental and theoretical state of Cnn correlation function for Borromean halo nuclei investigation is reviewed. Some of the consequences of a recently appeared new theory of Cnn, [M.T. Yamashita, T. Frederico, and L. Tomio, Phys. Rev. C 72 (2005) 011601] together with the experimental possibilities to test this theory will be presented in this contribution.

  19. Investigation of correlation between colonic cancer related anemia and characteristics of clinical pathology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the correlation between colonic cancer-related anemia and the pathologic features of colonic cancer.Methods The relationship between colonic cancer-related anemia and the pathologic features of colonic cancer was analyzed in a statistical method.Results There was no statistical significance between the histopathological type and incidence of colonic cancer-related anemia(P>0.05).There was statistical significance between the general classification of colonic cancer

  20. Investigating the Correlation Between Wind and Solar Power Forecast Errors in the Western Interconnection: Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, J.; Hodge, B. M.; Florita, A.

    2013-05-01

    Wind and solar power generations differ from conventional energy generation because of the variable and uncertain nature of their power output. This variability and uncertainty can have significant impacts on grid operations. Thus, short-term forecasting of wind and solar generation is uniquely helpful for power system operations to balance supply and demand in an electricity system. This paper investigates the correlation between wind and solar power forecasting errors.

  1. Correlative investigations of craniospinal anatomy and pathology with computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and cryomicrotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pech, P

    1988-01-01

    A correlative computed tomographic-anatomic method was applied to multiplanar anatomic studies. The method was particularly valuable for comparative anatomic investigations of complex regions of the central nervous system. The description of CT and MR anatomy in this thesis is based either on direct CT-anatomic correlation of the same specimen, or on indirect MR-anatomic correlation with cryosectional images from cadavers. In sagittal partial saturation MR images with short repetition times, the pituitary fossa in 41 normal volunteers appeared inhomogeneous. A postero-inferiorly located high intensity signal correlated with an intrasellar fat pad in sagittal cryosectional images. The height of the pituitary gland in 38 normal volunteers was usually less than 8 mm and its upper surface was flat or concave. The cavernous sinus anatomy was studied in coronal and axial MR planes in seven normal volunteers and 15 patients in correlation with cryosectional images. The intracavernous cranial nerves were best shown in the coronal plane, in partial saturation and inversion recovery sequences and displayed as foci of high signals intensity. MR signs of a parasellar mass included obliteration of intracavernous venous spaces, displacement of the intracavernous portion of the internal carotid artery and bulging of the lateral wall of the cavernous sinus. The topographic anatomy of the cervical neuroforamina was investigated in axial, sagittal, coronal and oblique planes in a correlative CT-anatomic investigation in 19 specimens. In four normal volunteers, the surface coil MR images of the cervical neuroforamina were correlated with cryosectional images. Surface coil MR images in a plane perpendicular to the cervical nerve roots allowed to determine their relationship to intraforaminal structures and the boundaries of the foramen. The dorsal and ventral nerve roots were demonstrated with both CT and MRI. They were located in the lower half of the foramen at and below the

  2. Investigation of spatial correlation in MR images of human cerebral white matter using geostatistical methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keil, Fabian

    2014-03-20

    Investigating the structure of human cerebral white matter is gaining interest in the neurological as well as in the neuroscientific community. It has been demonstrated in many studies that white matter is a very dynamic structure, rather than a static construct which does not change for a lifetime. That means, structural changes within white matter can be observed even on short timescales, e.g. in the course of normal ageing, neurodegenerative diseases or even during learning processes. To investigate these changes, one method of choice is the texture analysis of images obtained from white matter. In this regard, MRI plays a distinguished role as it provides a completely non-invasive way of acquiring in vivo images of human white matter. This thesis adapted a statistical texture analysis method, known as variography, to quantify the spatial correlation of human cerebral white matter based on MR images. This method, originally introduced in geoscience, relies on the idea of spatial correlation in geological phenomena: in naturally grown structures near things are correlated stronger to each other than distant things. This work reveals that the geological principle of spatial correlation can be applied to MR images of human cerebral white matter and proves that variography is an adequate method to quantify alterations therein. Since the process of MRI data acquisition is completely different to the measuring process used to quantify geological phenomena, the variographic analysis had to be adapted carefully to MR methods in order to provide a correctly working methodology. Therefore, theoretical considerations were evaluated with numerical samples in a first, and validated with real measurements in a second step. It was shown that MR variography facilitates to reduce the information stored in the texture of a white matter image to a few highly significant parameters, thereby quantifying heterogeneity and spatial correlation distance with an accuracy better than 5

  3. Investigation of cosmic ray penetration with wavelet cross-correlation analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Yang, Rui-zhi

    2016-01-01

    Aims. We use Fermi and Planck data to calculate the cross correlation between gamma ray signal and gas distribution in different scales in giant molecular clouds (GMC). Then we investigate the cosmic rays (CRs) penetration in GMCs with these informations. Methods.We use the wavelet technique to decompose both the gamma ray and dust opacity maps in different scales, then we calculate the wavelet cross correlation functions in these scales. We also define wavelet response as an analog to the impulsive response in Fourier transform and calculate that in different scales down to Fermi angular resolution. Results. The gamma ray maps above 2 GeV show strong correlation with the dust opacity maps, the correlation coefficient is larger than 0.9 above a scale of 0.4 degree.The derived wavelet response is uniform in different scales. Conclusions. We argue that the CR above 10 GeV can penetrate the giant molecular cloud freely and the CRs distributions in the same energy range are uniform down to parsec scale.

  4. Investigation of real materials with strong electronic correlations by the LDA+DMFT method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anisimov, V I; Lukoyanov, A V

    2014-02-01

    Materials with strong electronic correlations are at the cutting edge of experimental and theoretical studies, capturing the attention of researchers for a great variety of interesting phenomena: metal-insulator, phase and magnetic spin transitions, `heavy fermion' systems, interplay between magnetic order and superconductivity, appearance and disappearance of local magnetic moments, and transport property anomalies. It is clear that the richness of physical phenomena for these compounds is a result of partially filled 3d, 4f or 5f electron shells with local magnetic moments preserved in the solid state. Strong interactions of d and f electrons with each other and with itinerant electronic states of the material are responsible for its anomalous properties. Electronic structure calculations for strongly correlated materials should explicitly take into account Coulombic interactions between d or f electrons. Recent advances in this field are related to the development of the LDA+DMFT method, which combines local density approximation (LDA) with dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT) to account for electronic correlation effects. In recent years, LDA+DMFT has allowed the successful treatment not only of simple systems but also of complicated real compounds. Nowadays, the LDA+DMFT method is the state-of-the-art tool for investigating correlated metals and insulators, spin and metal-insulator transitions (MIT) in transition-metal compounds in paramagnetic and magnetically ordered phases.

  5. Investigations of the Quantum Correlation in Two-Qubit Heisenberg XYZ Model with Decoherence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo-Hui, Yang

    2016-12-01

    Quantum correlation dynamics in an anisotropic Heisenberg XYZ model under decoherence is investigated with the use of concurrence C and quantum discord (QD). With the Werner state as the initial state, we discuss the influence of mixture degree r on the dynamics. There are some difference between the time evolution behaviors of these two correlation measures with different value of r. For 0 ≤ r ≤ 1/3, there exists quantum discord but no entanglement; For 1/3investigated the influence of different parameters on the two correlation measures. It has been found that, the concurrence and QD both exhibit osillatory behaviors with the time evolution, which is independent on the magnetic field B and the coupling coefficient J z . However, the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (D) and coupling coefficient J have strong influence on concurrence and QD. With the increasing of the D or J, the frequency of the oscillation getting larger. When time is fixed, with the increasing of D or J, the concurrence and QD change periodically.

  6. An experiment-based comparative investigation of correlations for microtube gas flow

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    K Tang; J L Huang; T Jin; M X Wu

    2015-04-01

    An experimental system was built to measure the gas (nitrogen and helium) flow characteristics in circular microchannels with diameters of 50, 20 and 5 m. The Reynolds number of the flow was controlled in the large range of 15 to 2550. The highest Mach number could reach a magnitude of 0.625 and the highest Knudsen number was over 0.021. Four available empirical correlations were comparatively studied, in terms of the influence from compressibility and rarefaction. The accuracy of each correlation was investigated, and qualitative explanations were given according to the essence of fluid dynamics. The compressibility is found to be the dominant parameter in the experiments carried out. The results obtained by gas flow in holey optical fibres are helpful for the design of micro-scale pulse tube cryocoolers.

  7. Investigating the correlation between radar backscatter and in situ soil property measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Deok; Vahedifard, Farshid; Aanstoos, James V.

    2017-05-01

    Utilizing remote sensing techniques to extract soil properties can facilitate several engineering applications for large-scale monitoring and modeling purposes such as earthen levees monitoring, landslide mapping, and off-road mobility modeling. This study presents results of statistical analyses to investigate potential correlations between multiple polarization radar backscatter and various physical soil properties. The study was conducted on an approximately 3 km long section of earthen levees along the lower Mississippi river as part of the development of remote levee monitoring methods. Polarimetric synthetic aperture radar imagery from UAVSAR was used along with an extensive set of in situ soil properties. The following properties were analyzed from the top 30-50 cm of soil: texture (sand and clay fraction), penetration resistance (sleeve friction and cone tip resistance), saturated hydraulic conductivity, field capacity, permanent wilting point, and porosity. The results showed some correlation between the cross-polarized (HV) radar backscatter coefficients and most of these properties. A few soil properties, like clay fraction, showed similar but weaker correlations with the co-polarized channels (HH and VV). The correlations between the soil properties and radar backscatter were analyzed separately for the river side and land side of the levee. It was found that the magnitude and direction of the correlation for most of the soil properties noticeably differed between the river and the land sides. The findings of this study can be a good starting point for scattering modelers in a pursuit of better models for radar scattering at cross polarizations which would include more diverse set of soil parameters.

  8. Investigation of spin correlations in top-pair production with the CMS detector at the LHC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davids, Martina

    2011-02-25

    In spring 2010 the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) started its operation with a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV, that will be increased up to 14 TeV in the following years. Considering a medium energy of {radical}(s)=10 TeV and a luminosity of L=10{sup 33} cm{sup -2}s{sup -1} some million top quarks are produced per year. This offers the opportunity to investigate spin-correlations between the top quarks from pair production. As the spinconfiguration of the top-quark pair depends on the production mechanism, a measurement of such effects is a unique tool to study the contributions of the production processes and spin effects. This allows to test the Standard Model. This thesis investigates dileptonic top-pair decays at the Compact Muon Solenoid based on simulated events. A quantitative measure of spin correlations is the asymmetry A, that manifests itself in the angular distribution of the two leptons. A full kinematic reconstruction of the top pair is necessary to determine this distribution. The MC generators Pythia, MC rate at NLO, and TopReX are tested with respect to their treatment of spin-correlations. Pythia is used to generate uncorrelated samples. MC rate at NLO reproduces the Standard Model prediction. These samples are used to determine the sensitivity of the present analysis. Due to an incorrect implementation of the helicity states, TopReX is not usable. A full event selection and reconstruction are adapted. The reconstructed angular distribution shows a significant distortion. A template method is implemented to determine the asymmetry. Here, the angular distribution is decomposed into a flat, a completely asymmetric, and a background part, that are fitted by a binned {chi}{sup 2} approach to toy-data. An ensemble study is performed to estimate the statistical uncertainty. As the main systematic uncertainties, generator effects, the jet energy scale and uncertainties in the cross sections or selection efficiency are investigated. Considering an integrated

  9. An investigation of the relationship between positive and negative perfectionism and study skills with canonical correlation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa İlhan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research was to investigate the relationships between positive and negative perfectionism and study skills. Relational screening model was used in this study with this aim. Workgroup of the investigation consists of 207 students receiving study in three high schools in Battalgazi District of Malatya City, in the spring semester of 2011-2012 school year. 105 (50.72% of the students in the workgroup are female and 102 (50.28% of whom are male. In the research, “The Positive and Negative Perfectionism Scale” developed by Kırdök (2004 has been used to determine the perfectionism characteristics of the students and “The Study Skills Scale” developed by Mr. Bay, Tuğluk and Gençdoğan (2004 has been used to test the study skills of the students. In the research, the relationship between the perfectionism data set composing of positive perfectionism and negative perfectionism variables; and study skills data set composing of motivation, time management, and exam preparation-test anxiety management variables has been investigated by canonical correlation analysis. The results of canonical correlation analysis demonstrated that there were significant relationships between positive and negative perfectionism and study skills. Common variance that the positive and negative perfectionism and study skills data sets share has been calculated as 35.59%.

  10. Further investigation of the SI scale of the MMPI: reliabilities, correlates, and subscale utility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, C L

    1983-11-01

    First investigation of the reliabilities and correlates of the subscales of the SI scale of the MMPI. Normal college students (N = 218) were administered the SI scale and several measures typically used in social skills and assertiveness training research (i.e., an assertiveness scale, anxiety measures, social activities measure, organization questionnaire, self- and peer ratings of physical attractiveness, and peer ratings of social skills, social anxiety, and social participation). Results demonstrated acceptable reliability for the subscales of the SI scale of the MMPI and revealed that the subscales were related differentially to the measures used in this study and thus provided evidence for the utility of the subscales.

  11. An Investigation of Self-Interference Reduction Strategy in a Spatially Correlated MIMO Channel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosdiadee Nordin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the efficient ways to transmit high data rate is by employing a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO transmission. One of the MIMO schemes, known as spatial multiplexing (SM, relies on the linear independence data streams from different transmit antennas to exploit the capacity from the fading channels. Consequently, SM suffers from the effect of spatial correlation which is the limiting factor in achieving the capacity benefit that SM can offer. In an attempt to increase the robustness of the SM transmission in a wide range of correlated channels, the use of dynamic subcarrier allocation (DSA is investigated. The effective signal-to-interference-and-noise ratio (SINR metric is used as the performance metric to determine the subcarrier quality which can then be utilised in the allocation. Two novel variants of the subcarrier allocation scheme are proposed. It is shown that the DSA-SINR approach improves the BER performance of SM transmission in highly correlated channels environment.

  12. Investigating Correlation of DNA Ploidy and Prognosis of Malignant Tumors in Central Nervous System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ChenRuoping; WangBingyu; DingMeixiu; ShiGuiying; ShiXuegeng

    2004-01-01

    Objective Investigating the correlation between DNA ploidy and prognosis of malignant tumors in central nervous system (CNS) .Methods 44 cases,including tumors of neuroepithelium, meninges, metastasis, and germioma, were investigated, which divided into two groups, the research and the control (tissue around the tumor). Pancreatin digestion was applied to change all tissue into monocellular suspension. Then DNA ploidy was detected by flow cytometer after propidium iodide (PI) staining. Results Of total 44 cases,61.36% were diploidy tumors(27 cases),31.82% were heterodiploidy(14cases),and 6.82% were tetraploidy(3cases).F-test showed out that the average survival time free of neoplasm of diploidy cases [ (6.19 + 3.37)months] was much longer than that of heterodiploidy and tetraploidy cases [(4.35+4.03)months, P=0.0076]. Conclusion The research suggests positive correlation between DNA ploidy and prognosis, which means that DNA ploidy is possible to be one of predicting indexes.

  13. Theoretical investigation on the relationship between the torque correlation and spin correlation models for the Gilbert damping constant

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakuma, Akimasa

    2015-01-01

    To gain insight into the relationship between the spin correlation (SC) and torque correlation (TC) models for the Gilbert damping constant, α, we first make a simple consideration on the physical aspect of these models and calculate α for the Fe50Co50 disordered alloy by the two models using the first principles technique. Electron scattering is introduced through the random arrangement of atoms and is treated with coherent potential approximation. The results indicate that in the TC model, vertex correction (VC) does not have significant contribution and the results are insensitive to the infinitesimal positive value, δ, which is used in Green's function. In the SC model, on the other hand, the VC is indispensable and the obtained values of α are found to be considerably sensitive to δ. We confirm that the value of α in the SC model approaches the value obtained in the TC model in the limit δ→+0 .

  14. Investigating long-range correlation properties in EEG during complex cognitive tasks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karkare, Siddharth [Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur 721302 (India); Saha, Goutam [Department of Electronics and Electrical Communication Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur 721302 (India); Bhattacharya, Joydeep [Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths College, University of London, New Cross, London SE14 6NW (United Kingdom); Commission for Scientific Visualization, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna A1220 (Austria)], E-mail: j.bhattacharya@gold.ac.uk

    2009-11-30

    Previous work shows the presence of scale invariance and long-range correlations in ongoing and spontaneous activity of large scale brain responses (i.e. EEG), and such scaling behavior can also be modulated by simple sensory stimulus. However, little is known whether such alteration but not destruction in scaling properties also occurs during complex cognitive processing and if neuroplasticity plays any role in mediating such changes. In this study, we addressed these issues by investigating scaling properties of multivariate EEG signals obtained from two broad groups - artists and non-artists - while they performed complex tasks of perception and mental imagery of visual art objects. We found that brain regions showing increased correlation properties from rest were similar for both tasks, suggesting that brain networks responsible for visual perception are reactivated for mental imagery. Further, we observed that the two groups could be differentiated by scaling exponents and an artificial neural network based classifier achieved a classification efficiency of over 80%. These results altogether suggest that specific complex cognitive task demands and task-specific expertise can modify the temporal scale-free dynamics of brain responses.

  15. Correlative light/electron microscopy for the investigation of microbial mats from Black Sea Cold Seeps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wrede, Christoph; Heller, Christina; Reitner, Joachim; Hoppert, Michael

    2008-05-01

    In several fields of cell biology, correlative microscopy is applied to compare the structure of objects at high resolution under the electron microscope with low resolution light microscopy images of the same sample. It is, however, difficult to prepare samples and marker systems that are applicable for both microscopic techniques for the same specimen at the same time. In our studies, we used microbial mats from Cold Seep communities for a simple and rapid correlative microscopy method. The mats consist of bacterial and archaeal microorganisms, coupling reverse methanogenesis to the reduction of sulfate. The reverse methanogenic pathway also generates carbonates that precipitate inside the mat and may be the main reason for the formation of a microbial reef. The mat shows highly differentiated aggregates of various organisms, tightly interconnected by extracellular polysaccharides. In order to investigate the role of EPS as adhesive mucilage for the biofilm and as a precipitation matrix for carbonate minerals, samples were embedded in a hydrophilic resin (Lowicryl K4 M). Sections were suitable for light as well as electron microscopy in combination with lectins, either labeled with a fluorescent marker or with colloidal gold. This allows lectin mapping at low resolution for light microscopy in direct comparison with a highly resolved electron microscopic image.

  16. Investigation of Correlations for the Thermal-hydraulic Analysis of Liquid Metal Reactors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chang, Won Pyo; Jeong, Hae Yong; Lee, Yong Bum

    2007-08-15

    The present investigation is aimed at reducing favorable constitutive correlations from those developed for the thermal-hydraulic analysis of Liquid Metal Reactors (LMR), for reliable safety analyses of KALIMER. It is achieved by analyzing them in a point of their accuracies. The study is particularly important because its outcomes can provide an essential knowledge on their relative errors including their conservatisms to be analyzed in the future KALIMER licensing stage. The predictions of the correlations have been compared with available experimental data on both friction factors for the wired-wrapped rod bundles in the core and the heat transfer coefficients in the system. As a result, the heat transfer coefficient inside pipe currently featured in SSC-K has been found acceptable. It, however, has shown a discrepancy of about 60 % and thus an alternative one has been proposed for improvement. Meanwhile, the friction factor model in the current SSC-K has not shown a prominent discrepancy in prediction trend but it has not backed an enough theoretical basis so that another model has been proposed. A systematic assessment for effects of those factors to the conservatism must be fully understood for the future licensing stage, and systematic calculations must be followed by designing an assessment matrix. Besides, it is essential to conduct experiments under similar conditions for constitutive parts of geometries which represent the KALIMER design.

  17. Indoor radon, geogenic radon surrogates and geology - Investigations on their correlation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedmann, H; Baumgartner, A; Bernreiter, M; Gräser, J; Gruber, V; Kabrt, F; Kaineder, H; Maringer, F J; Ringer, W; Seidel, C; Wurm, G

    2017-01-01

    The indoor radon concentration was measured in most houses in a couple of municipalities in Austria. At the same time the activity concentration of radium in soil, the soil gas radon concentration, the permeability of the ground and the ambient dose equivalent rate were also measured and the geological situations (geological units) were recorded too. From the indoor radon concentration and different house and living parameters a radon potential (Austrian radon potential) was derived which should represent the radon concentration in a standard room. Another radon potential (Neznal radon potential) was calculated from the soil gas radon concentration and the permeability. The aim of the investigation was to correlate all the different variables and to test if the use of surrogate data (e.g. geological information, ambient dose equivalent rate, etc.) can be used to judge the radon risk for an area without performing numerous indoor measurements.

  18. Investigation on correlation between expression of CD58 molecule and severity of hepatitis B

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Sheng; Jie Li; Bao-Tai Qi; Yu-Qiang Ji; Zhao-Jun Meng; Ming Xie

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the correlation between expression of CD58 and severity of hepatitis B.METHODS: The level of soluble CD58 (sCD58) in serum of patients with hepatitis B was detected by enzymelinked immunosorbent assay. The level of expression of membrane CD58 molecule in PBMC was detected by direct immunofluorescence. The levels of serumal TBIL, DBIL, IBIL, ALT and AST were detected by the automated biochemistry analyzer as well.RESULTS: The levels of sCD58 in serum and membrane CD58 molecule in PBMC of patients with hepatitis B were significantly higher than that in normal controls (P <0.05). Level of CD58 was related to the levels of serumal TBIL, DBIL, IBIL, ALT and AST.CONCLUSION: The level of CD58 molecule (in both serum and PBMC form) of patients with hepatitis B is related to the degree of liver damage.

  19. Discrete volumetric digital image correlation for the investigation of granular type media at microscale: accuracy assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bornert M.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The recent development of efficient 3D imaging tools such as X-Rays computed microtomography combined with the extension to volumetric images of Digital Image Correlation (DIC techniques provide new insights on the analysis of materials and structures. Among many other possible fields of application, geomaterials are good candidates for such investigations, owing to their relative transparency to X-rays and the presence in many samples of a natural contrast suitable for deformation mapping. However, these materials often deform discontinuously at microscale, for instance in the form of the development of a networks of microcracks. Discontinuity is even the dominant rule in granular-type materials such as sand in which the contribution to overall deformation of the microcontinuous phenomena -elastic strains inside grains- are negligible. To investigate deformation at the scale of these discontinuous mechanisms, specific DIC algorithms are required, which override the assumption of continuity of the transformation at the scale of the correlation windows. The recent so-called Discrete-DIC procedure (Hall et al, 2010 is a possible answer. We recall here its general principles and focus on its potential accuracy, from both theoretical and practical points of view. We show that the position and the rotation of individual grains with an average diameter of 500µm can be determined from images recorded with a laboratory microCT scanner, with a 15µm voxel size, with an accuracy of the order of 1µm and 0,1 degree, respectively.

  20. Investigation of the correlation between odd oxygen and secondary organic aerosol in Mexico City and Houston

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. C. Wood

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Many recent models underpredict secondary organic aerosol (SOA particulate matter (PM concentrations in polluted regions, indicating serious deficiencies in the models' chemical mechanisms and/or missing SOA precursors. Since tropospheric photochemical ozone production is much better understood, we investigate the correlation of odd-oxygen ([Ox]≡[O3]+[NO2] and the oxygenated component of organic aerosol (OOA, which is interpreted as a surrogate for SOA. OOA and Ox measured in Mexico City in 2006 and Houston in 2000 were well correlated in air masses where both species were formed on similar timescales (less than 8 h and not well correlated when their formation timescales or location differed greatly. When correlated, the ratio of these two species ranged from 30 μg m−3 ppm−1 (STP in Houston during time periods affected by large petrochemical plant emissions to as high as 160 μg m−3 ppm−1 in Mexico City, where typical values were near 120 μg m−3 ppm−1. On several days in Mexico City, the [OOA]/[Ox] ratio decreased by a factor of ~2 between 08:00 and 13:00 LT. This decrease is only partially attributable to evaporation of the least oxidized and most volatile components of OOA; differences in the diurnal emission trends and timescales for photochemical processing of SOA precursors compared to ozone precursors also likely contribute to the observed decrease. The extent of OOA oxidation increased with photochemical aging. Calculations of the ratio of the SOA formation rate to the Ox production rate using ambient VOC measurements and traditional laboratory SOA yields are lower than the observed [OOA]/[Ox] ratios by factors of 5 to 15, consistent with several other models' underestimates of SOA. Calculations of this ratio using emission factors for organic compounds from gasoline and diesel

  1. Investigation of the correlation between odd oxygen and secondary organic aerosol in Mexico City and Houston

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. C. Wood

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Many recent models underpredict secondary organic aerosol (SOA particulate matter (PM concentrations in polluted regions, indicating serious deficiencies in the models' chemical mechanisms and/or missing SOA precursors. Since tropospheric photochemical ozone production is much better understood, we investigate the correlation of odd-oxygen ([Ox]≡[O3]+[NO2] and the oxygenated component of organic aerosol (OOA, which is interpreted as a surrogate for SOA. OOA and Ox measured in Mexico City in 2006 and Houston in 2000 were well correlated in air masses where both species were formed on similar timescales (less than 8 h and not well correlated when their formation timescales or location differed greatly. When correlated, the ratio of these two species ranged from 30 μg m−3/ppm (STP in Houston during time periods affected by large petrochemical plant emissions to as high as 160 μg m−3/ppm in Mexico City, where typical values were near 120 μg m−3/ppm. On several days in Mexico City, the [OOA]/[Ox] ratio decreased by a factor of ~2 between 08:00 and 13:00 local time. This decrease is only partially attributable to evaporation of the least oxidized and most volatile components of OOA; differences in the diurnal emission trends and timescales for photochemical processing of SOA precursors compared to ozone precursors also likely contribute to the observed decrease. The extent of OOA oxidation increased with photochemical aging. Calculations of the ratio of the SOA formation rate to the Ox production rate using ambient VOC measurements and traditional laboratory SOA yields are lower than the observed [OOA]/[Ox] ratios by factors of 5 to 15, consistent with several other models' underestimates of SOA. Calculations of this ratio using emission factors for organic compounds from gasoline and diesel exhaust do not reproduce the observed

  2. An Investigation of Nurses’ Job Satisfaction in a Private Hospital and Its Correlates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chien, Wai-Tong; Yick, Sin-Yin

    2016-01-01

    Background: Nurses’ job satisfaction and job stress are important issues regarding their turnovers. While there are some recent descriptive studies on job satisfaction in public hospitals, very limited research was found on this topic in private hospital setting. It is worth to examine the job satisfaction of nurses and its correlates in such a specific hospital context in Hong Kong, by which the findings can be compared with those in public hospitals, and across countries. Aims: To investigate nurses’ job satisfaction, job stress and intention to quit of nurses in a private hospital, and the correlates of the nurses’ job satisfaction. Design: A cross-sectional, descriptive survey study was conducted. Methods: By using stratified random sampling in terms of nature of wards/units and working ranks, 139 full-time nurses who were working in the 400-bed private hospital for at least 6 months and provided direct nursing care were recruited in this study. Data were collected by employing a set of self-administered structured questionnaires, consisting of the Index of Work Satisfaction (job satisfaction), Anxiety-Stress Questionnaire (job stress), Michigan Organizational Assessment Questionnaire (intention to quit), and socio-demographic data. Results: With a response rate of 74.3%, the results of the 139 respondents showed that the nurses in the private hospital had an overall moderate level of satisfaction with their work and rated the professional status as the highest satisfied domain. The nurses also reported moderate levels of job stress and intention to quit. The nurses’ job satisfaction was negatively correlated with their job stress and intention to quit; whereas, the nurses’ job stress was positively correlated with their intention to quit. The nurses with older in age and more post-registration experience and/or working experience in the private hospital indicated a higher level of job satisfaction, particularly with ‘Pay’ and

  3. Investigation of measureable parameters that correlate with automatic target recognition performance in synthetic aperture sonar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gazagnaire, Julia; Cobb, J. T.; Isaacs, Jason

    2015-05-01

    There is a desire in the Mine Counter Measure community to develop a systematic method to predict and/or estimate the performance of Automatic Target Recognition (ATR) algorithms that are detecting and classifying mine-like objects within sonar data. Ideally, parameters exist that can be measured directly from the sonar data that correlate with ATR performance. In this effort, two metrics were analyzed for their predictive potential using high frequency synthetic aperture sonar (SAS) images. The first parameter is a measure of contrast. It is essentially the variance in pixel intensity over a fixed partition of relatively small size. An analysis was performed to determine the optimum block size for this contrast calculation. These blocks were then overlapped in the horizontal and vertical direction over the entire image. The second parameter is the one-dimensional K-shape parameter. The K-distribution is commonly used to describe sonar backscatter return from range cells that contain a finite number of scatterers. An Ada-Boosted Decision Tree classifier was used to calculate the probability of classification (Pc) and false alarm rate (FAR) for several types of targets in SAS images from three different data sets. ROC curves as a function of the measured parameters were generated and the correlation between the measured parameters in the vicinity of each of the contacts and the ATR performance was investigated. The contrast and K-shape parameters were considered separately. Additionally, the contrast and K-shape parameter were associated with background texture types using previously labeled high frequency SAS images.

  4. Investigation of correlations in light neutron-rich nuclei; Etude des correlations dans les noyaux legers riches en neutrons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Normand, G

    2004-10-01

    Correlations play a crucial role in understanding the structure of light nuclei at and beyond the neutron drip-line. In this context, the two-neutron halo nucleus He{sup 6} and the unbound systems H{sup 5}, He{sup 7,9} and Li{sup 10} have been studied via measurements of the breakup of beams of He{sup 6} and Be{sup 11,12}. The CHARISSA and DEMON detector arrays were employed. The interpretation was facilitated by a simulation code (SILLAGE) which provided for the setup. In the case of He{sup 7}, the existence of an excited state with E{sub r} {approx} 1 MeV and gamma {approx} 0.75 MeV was confirmed. The virtual character of the s-wave ground state of Li{sup 10} was also confirmed and a scattering length of as {approx} -16 fm deduced. The results obtained for He{sup 9} suggest that a virtual s-wave state may exist just above threshold. The study of the three-body breakup of He{sup 6} found that the decay of the first 2+ state is essentially direct, while the decay of the remaining continuum strength is sequential - passage via He{sup 5}. Using the technique of intensity interferometry an rms separation between the halo neutrons of 7.7 +- 0.8 fm was derived. This result was confirmed by a complementary method utilizing Dalitz plots. In the case of H{sup 5}, the invariant mass spectrum was found to exhibit a broad (gamma {approx} 2 MeV) structure some 1.8 MeV above threshold. Comparison with recent three-body model calculations suggest that this corresponds to the predicted 1/2+ ground state. An rms valence neutron separation of some 5.5 fm was estimated. A search was also carried out for the 4n system using the Be{sup 12*} (2 alpha + Xn decay channel). No signal was observed beyond that expected on the basis of the known background processes. (author)

  5. An Investigation of Correlation between Electrophysiological and Functional Recovery after the Sciatic Nerve Injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Guven

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Video or photo assisted footprint analysis method is used to determine the motor and sensorial development instead of classic walking track footprint analysis in experimental peripheral nerve injury. Besides, the sucrose-gap method is used for measuring the electrophysiological activity in the sciatic nerves in-vitro. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between functional and electrophysiological recovery during the nerve regeneration in Wistar rats. Methods: In the experiments, after the unilateral sciatic nerve crushing, the rats were evaluated at the preoperative and 2nd, 4th, 6th and 8th weeks postoperative using the sucrose gap method, and photo assisted footprint method. The compound action potentials (CAP, the Peak- time (PT and the ½ Falling- time (1/2FT were measured, and compared to functional results. Results: Two weeks after being crushed sciatic nerves, complete function loss was seen operated legs in all rats. The amplitude of CAP was determined too small. The PT and the 1/2FT values were three fold longer than intact. However, following 4th – 8th weeks, the amplitude of CAP and other parameters of CAP were closed to intact values. Conclusion: The findings indicated that the results of the functional recovery were correlated to electrophysiological results. However, functional results showed almost full functional recovery in the 4th week, the electrophysiological results did not reach to intact values in the 8th week. We conclude that photo assisted footprint analysis method and sucrose-gap technique, which are useful functional and electrophysiological methods to produce complementary knowledge with each other in the investigation of experimental peripheral nerve regeneration. [Cukurova Med J 2012; 37(4.000: 177-185

  6. Investigation of hyperfine interactions in DNA nitrogenous bases using perturbed angular correlation spectroscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Andreia dos Santos; Carbonari, Artur Wilson; Lapolli, Andre Luis; Saxena, Rajendra Narain [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Saitovitch, Henrique, E-mail: asilva@usp.br [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2013-07-01

    Perturbed γγ angular correlations (PAC) spectroscopy has been used to study the DNA nitrogenous bases (adenine, cytosine, guanine, thymine), using {sup 111}In→{sup 111}Cd and {sup 111m}Cd→{sup 111}Cd probe nuclei. One of the advantages of applying PAC technique to biological molecules is that the experiments can be carried out on molecules in aqueous solution [1], approaching the function of molecules under conditions that are close to in vivo conditions. The measurements were carried out for DNA nitrogenous bases molecules at 295 K and 77 K in order to investigate dynamic and static hyperfine interactions, respectively. The interpretation of the results was based on the measurements of dynamic interaction characterized by the decay constant from which valuable information on the macroscopic behavior of the molecules was obtained [2; 3]. On the other hand, PAC measurements at low temperature showed interaction frequency (ν{sub Q}), asymmetry parameter (η) and the distribution of the quadrupole frequency (δ). These parameters provide a local microscopic description of the chemical environment in the neighborhood of the probe nuclei. Results showed differences in the hyperfine interactions of probe nuclei bound to the studied biomolecules. Such differences were observed by variations in the hyperfine parameters, which depended on the type of biomolecule and the results also showed that the probe nuclei bounded at the molecules in some cases and at others did not. (author)

  7. Investigation of the correlation between noise and vibration characteristics and unsteady flow in a circulator pump

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu, Denghao; Ren, Yun; Mou, Jiegang; Gu, Yunqing [Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou (China)

    2017-05-15

    Circulator pumps have wide engineering applications but the acoustics, vibration and unsteady flow structures of the circulator pump are still not fully understood. We investigated the noise and vibration characteristics and unsteady flow structures in a circulator pump at different flow rates. Three-dimensional, unsteady RANS equations were solved on high-quality structured meshes with SST k-ω turbulence model numerically. Measurements were made in a semi-anechoic chamber to get an overview of noise and vibration level of a pump at different flow rates. The 1/3 octave-band filter technique was applied to obtain the explicit frequency spectra of sound, pressure fluctuations and vibration signals and their principal frequencies were identified successfully. The air-borne noise level of the designed condition is lower than that of the off-design conditions, and the highest sound pressure level is found at part-load condition. The acoustic emission from the pump is mainly caused by unsteady flow structures and pressure fluctuations. In addition, both the link between air- borne noise and pressure fluctuation, and the correlation between vibration and unsteady hydrodynamic forces, were quantitatively examined and verified. This work offers good data to understand noise and vibration characteristics of circulator pumps and the relationships among the noise, vibration and unsteady flow structures.

  8. Brain imaging investigation of the neural correlates of observing virtual social interactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sung, Keen; Dolcos, Sanda; Flor-Henry, Sophie; Zhou, Crystal; Gasior, Claudia; Argo, Jennifer; Dolcos, Florin

    2011-07-06

    The ability to gauge social interactions is crucial in the assessment of others' intentions. Factors such as facial expressions and body language affect our decisions in personal and professional life alike (1). These "friend or foe" judgements are often based on first impressions, which in turn may affect our decisions to "approach or avoid". Previous studies investigating the neural correlates of social cognition tended to use static facial stimuli (2). Here, we illustrate an experimental design in which whole-body animated characters were used in conjunction with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) recordings. Fifteen participants were presented with short movie-clips of guest-host interactions in a business setting, while fMRI data were recorded; at the end of each movie, participants also provided ratings of the host behaviour. This design mimics more closely real-life situations, and hence may contribute to better understanding of the neural mechanisms of social interactions in healthy behaviour, and to gaining insight into possible causes of deficits in social behaviour in such clinical conditions as social anxiety and autism (3).

  9. Investigation of Rock Failure Pattern in Creep by Digital Speckle Correlation Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunliang Tan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to study the mechanical characteristics from creep deformation to failure of rock, the tests of uniaxial compression and pushing steel-plate anchored in rock were performed, by using RLJW-2000 servo test synchronizing with Digital Speckle Correlation Method (DSCM. The investigations showed that for a uniaxial compressive specimen, when load arrived at 0.5σc, displacement clusters orderly formed, which was ahead of the macrocreep strain occurring in a slight jump mode when load arrived at 0.7σc. When the load level arrived at 0.8σc, displacement clusters gathered to be a narrow band. After that, the specimen abruptly fractured in a shear mode. In the creep pushing steel-plate test, when pushing force arrived at 25 kN, crack began to occur, the horizontal displacement field as well as shear strain field concentrated continuously along the interface between steel-plate and rock, and a new narrow concentrating band gathered in the upper layer. When pushing force arrived at 27.5 kN, another new narrow shear deformation band formed in the lower layer. Then, the steel-plate was pushed out quickly accompanying strong creep deformation.

  10. [Investigation on correlation between ratio of xylem to phloem of Radix Isatidis and efficacy, chemical composition].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Dan; Han, Yu-mei; Luo, Jiao-yang; Yan, Yan; Zhang, Ping; Zhang, Shao-feng; Xiao, Xiao-he

    2011-01-01

    Explore contribution of ratio of xylem to phloem(RXP) to evaluate the quality of Radix Isatidis. Antivirus activity and chemical compositions of xylem, phloem and Radix Isatidis of different RXP were determined by RBC agglutination test and unique chromatogram. Meanwhile, correlation between RXP and bioactivity,components was investigated. the activity of medical material of Radix Isatidis whose RXP was 1:2 or 1:1 is equal to that of phloem sample, while is stronger than that of cylem sample. There was a good consistency among the chemical figureprints of three samples (Radix Isatidis, xylem and phloem). When the RXP was 2:1, the medical material of Radix Isatidi and its xylem had the same activity. But the activity of phloem was not obvious. Their consistency of chemical fingerprint was bad, and the activity of Radix Isatidis which had RXP of 1:2 or 1:1 was better than that formed by xylem and phloem of 2:1. The Radix Isatidis of RXP of 1:2 or 1:1 had less similarity of chemical figureprint with that having RXP of 2:1. The quality of Radix Isatidis made up by the various RXP had significant difference. Radix Isatidis whose RXP is less than 1:1 had good quality and better activity. As a characteristic parameter of biologic morpha, the RXP can be applied to identifying the quality of Radix Isatidis, and also provided a reference to evaluation of other medical material of roots.

  11. Investigating the Neural Correlates of Emotion–Cognition Interaction Using an Affective Stroop Task

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nora M. Raschle

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The human brain has the capacity to integrate various sources of information and continuously adapts our behavior according to situational needs in order to allow a healthy functioning. Emotion–cognition interactions are a key example for such integrative processing. However, the neuronal correlates investigating the effects of emotion on cognition remain to be explored and replication studies are needed. Previous neuroimaging studies have indicated an involvement of emotion and cognition related brain structures including parietal and prefrontal cortices and limbic brain regions. Here, we employed whole brain event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI during an affective number Stroop task and aimed at replicating previous findings using an adaptation of an existing task design in 30 healthy young adults. The Stroop task is an indicator of cognitive control and enables the quantification of interference in relation to variations in cognitive load. By the use of emotional primes (negative/neutral prior to Stroop task performance, an emotional variation is added as well. Behavioral in-scanner data showed that negative primes delayed and disrupted cognitive processing. Trials with high cognitive demand furthermore negatively influenced cognitive control mechanisms. Neuronally, the emotional primes consistently activated emotion-related brain regions (e.g., amygdala, insula, and prefrontal brain regions while Stroop task performance lead to activations in cognition networks of the brain (prefrontal cortices, superior temporal lobe, and insula. When assessing the effect of emotion on cognition, increased cognitive demand led to decreases in neural activation in response to emotional stimuli (negative > neutral within prefrontal cortex, amygdala, and insular cortex. Overall, these results suggest that emotional primes significantly impact cognitive performance and increasing cognitive demand leads to reduced neuronal activation in

  12. Cross-correlative 3D micro-structural investigation of human bone processed into bone allografts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Singh, Atul Kumar [Centre for Research in Nanotechnology & Science, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai 400076 (India); Gajiwala, Astrid Lobo [Tissue Bank, Tata Memorial Hospital, Parel, Mumbai 400012 (India); Rai, Ratan Kumar [Centre of Biomedical Research, SGPGIMS Campus, Lucknow 226014 (India); Khan, Mohd Parvez [Division of Endocrinology, Center for Research in Anabolic Skeletal Targets in Health and Illness (ASTHI) CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow 226031 (India); Singh, Chandan [Centre of Biomedical Research, SGPGIMS Campus, Lucknow 226014 (India); Barbhuyan, Tarun [Division of Endocrinology, Center for Research in Anabolic Skeletal Targets in Health and Illness (ASTHI) CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow 226031 (India); Vijayalakshmi, S. [Centre for Research in Nanotechnology & Science, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai 400076 (India); Chattopadhyay, Naibedya [Division of Endocrinology, Center for Research in Anabolic Skeletal Targets in Health and Illness (ASTHI) CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow 226031 (India); Sinha, Neeraj, E-mail: neerajcbmr@gmail.com [Centre of Biomedical Research, SGPGIMS Campus, Lucknow 226014 (India); Kumar, Ashutosh, E-mail: ashutoshk@iitb.ac.in [Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai 400076 (India); Bellare, Jayesh R., E-mail: jb@iitb.ac.in [Centre for Research in Nanotechnology & Science, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai 400076 (India); Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai 400076 (India)

    2016-05-01

    Bone allografts (BA) are a cost-effective and sustainable alternative in orthopedic practice as they provide a permanent solution for preserving skeletal architecture and function. Such BA however, must be processed to be disease free and immunologically safe as well as biologically and clinically useful. Here, we have demonstrated a processing protocol for bone allografts and investigated the micro-structural properties of bone collected from osteoporotic and normal human donor samples. In order to characterize BA at different microscopic levels, a combination of techniques such as Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (ssNMR), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), micro-computed tomography (μCT) and Thermal Gravimetric Analysis (TGA) were used for delineating the ultra-structural property of bone. ssNMR revealed the extent of water, collagen fine structure and crystalline order in the bone. These were greatly perturbed in the bone taken from osteoporotic bone donor. Among the processing methods analyzed, pasteurization at 60 °C and radiation treatment appeared to substantially alter the bone integrity. SEM study showed a reduction in Ca/P ratio and non-uniform distribution of elements in osteoporotic bones. μ-CT and MIMICS® (Materialize Interactive Medical Image Control System) demonstrated that pasteurization and radiation treatment affects the BA morphology and cause a shift in the HU unit. However, the combination of all these processes restored all-important parameters that are critical for BA integrity and sustainability. Cross-correlation between the various probes we used quantitatively demonstrated differences in morphological and micro-structural properties between BA taken from normal and osteoporotic human donor. Such details could also be instrumental in designing an appropriate bone scaffold. For the best restoration of bone microstructure and to be used as a biomaterial allograft, a step-wise processing method is recommended that preserves all

  13. Spatially heterogeneous dynamics investigated via a time-dependent four-point density correlation function

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lacevic, N.; Starr, F. W.; Schrøder, Thomas

    2003-01-01

    two-point time-dependent density correlation functions, while providing information about the transient "caging" of particles on cooling, are unable to provide sufficiently detailed information about correlated motion and dynamical heterogeneity. Here, we study a four-point, time-dependent density...... simulations of a binary Lennard-Jones mixture approaching the mode coupling temperature from above. We find that the correlations between particles measured by g4(r,t) and S4(q,t) become increasingly pronounced on cooling. The corresponding dynamical correlation length xi4(t) extracted from the small......-q behavior of S4(q,t) provides an estimate of the range of correlated particle motion. We find that xi4(t) has a maximum as a function of time t, and that the value of the maximum of xi4(t) increases steadily from less than one particle diameter to a value exceeding nine particle diameters in the temperature...

  14. Investigating the correlation between some of the properties of plasma nitrided AISI 316L stainless steel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Olzon-Dionysio

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available When AISI 316L stainless steels are submitted to the nitriding process at temperatures lower than 450 °C, a high nitrogen content expanded austenite phase is formed, which shows higher hardness and higher pitting corrosion resistance compared to the untreated material. As a result, this material becomes adequate for biomedical application. The conditions of the nitriding technique, such as gas mixture, pressure, time and temperature, play an important role in some properties of the modified layer, including: thickness, hardness and N concentration along the layer. This paper explores a set of six samples of AISI 316L, nitrided at different times and temperatures, whose properties show important differences. The aim of this research is to investigate the correlation between the nitrided layer thickness (in the range of 0.77 to 11 µm with both X-ray patterns characteristics and hardness measurements, which used two distinct loads. The results of this study show that: whereas the 3.6 gf load was suitable to measure the real hardness for four of the nitrided layers showing thickness ≥ 2.9 µm, the 50 gf load measured a substrate contribution, probably even for the highest thickness, 11 µm. Moreover, analyzing different reflections of the X-ray patterns showed evidence of the clear consistency between the X-Ray depths and the nitrided layer thicknesses: if the layer thickness is lower than the penetration depth of X-rays, two phases (austenite and expanded substrate are present. If the layer thickness is higher, only the austenite is observed. Finally, concerning the citotoxicity property, all the samples, nitrided or not, were approved in the test for biocompatibility, indicating their potential use for biomedical applications.

  15. Investigating correlation of lighting activity and precipitation in an Eastern Mediterranean island

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iordanidou, Vasiliki; Koutroulis, Aristeidis; Tsanis, Ioannis

    2015-04-01

    This study examines conditions under which lightning activity and precipitation events can be correlated in an Eastern Mediterranean island climate. As a first step, the activity within a predefined area of 50km radius around the gauge station is examined, given the temporal evolution of rain accumulation at an hourly time step. Then the lightning activity is grouped in time-space clusters and for each lightning-cluster precipitation recordings of 10 minutes time step from nearby gauges are searched in an area of variable radius ranging from 10 to 100km. The number of clusters is decided according to the g-means algorithm in which the number of clusters is increasing until the data of all clusters follow the Gaussian distribution. For different durations, number of lightning events and radius the proportion of the corresponding precipitation events for the given radius around the lightning-clusters is investigated. The methods are tested in the case study of the island of Crete. Precipitation data from 22 gauging stations over Crete and lightning data from the Global Lightning Network (GLN) are examined for the investigation of possible associations in a period of almost two years (09/2012-07/2014). For the first approach, for half of the stations rain accumulations over 10mm/h (90th percentile of rain) are recorded up to a day after lightning activity occurrence. According to the second approach, lightning-clusters of smaller duration (up to 5 hours) and more lightning flashes (more than 100) are highly associated with rain events. The optimal radius from the center of the lightning-cluster, according to the proportion of rain events, is found to be 30km. The results establish a better understanding of the relations between lightning and precipitation and could provide valuable information to the now-casting of flash flood events triggered by severe thunderstorms. The research reported in this study effort was fully supported by the "ARISTEIA II" Action

  16. Investigation of correlations in the breakup of He{sup 8}; Etude des correlations dans la dissociation de l'He{sup 8}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laurent, B

    2007-11-15

    Correlations in light neutron-rich nuclei are of considerable importance in understanding their structure. In this context the breakup of He{sup 8} into He{sup 6} + 2n has been investigated at 15 MeV/nucleon. The measurements were undertaken using a setup composed of two detector arrays: CHARISSA to detect the charged fragments and DEMON to detect the neutrons. The interpretation of the results was facilitated using a Monte Carlo simulation which was developed to take into account the correlations, the reaction and the experimental setup. Two techniques were used to study the correlations in the breakup of He{sup 8}. The first, intensity interferometry, provides, via the construction of the neutron-neutron correlation function, for a first estimate of the source size and thus the average separation between the neutrons. The second, using Dalitz plots, allows both the neutron-neutron and core-neutron correlations to be probed. Here, sequential decay via the ground state resonance of He{sup 7} and has been found to dominate the dissociation of He{sup 8}. The spatial and temporal characteristics of the breakup of He{sup 8} have thus been deduced and a root-mean-square separation between the two valence neutrons in the continuum states was estimated to be (7.3 {+-} 0.6) fm with a time delay between their emission of (1000 {+-} 300) fm/c. (author)

  17. An investigation into the correlation of cue phrases, unfilled pauses and the structuring of spoken discourse

    CERN Document Server

    Cahn, J E

    1992-01-01

    Expectations about the correlation of cue phrases, the duration of unfilled pauses and the structuring of spoken discourse are framed in light of Grosz and Sidner's theory of discourse and are tested for a directions-giving dialogue. The results suggest that cue phrase and discourse structuring tasks may align, and show a correlation for pause length and some of the modifications that speakers can make to discourse structure.

  18. Investigation of Socially Responsible Investment Markets (SRI Using Dynamic Conditional Correlation (DCC Method: Implications for Diversification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gurudeo Anand Tularam

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Over the last ten years there has been a phenomenal growth in the amount of funds placed in SRI globally estimated to be around US$6.5 trillion while around US$55 billion in the Australian market. Accurate knowledge of correlation of the Australian SRI market with other SRI markets overseas is crucially important for Australian (SRI investors for international portfolio diversification since portfolio diversification theory posits that the lower (higher the correlation between markets, the higher (lower the gains to be made. The study examines the relationship of the Australian SRI market with fourteen other markets-Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Ireland, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom and the United States. Approach: The relationships of the Australian Socially Responsible Investment (SRI market with other SRI markets worldwide during the period 1994-2009 are examined based on the dynamic conditional correlation multivariate GARCH model (DCCMVGarch. In the DCC method, the multivariate conditional variance estimation is simplified by estimating univariate GARCH models for each market. Using the transformed residuals resulting from the first stage, the authors can estimate a conditional correlation estimator. The standard errors for the first stage parameters remain while the standard errors for the correlation parameters are modified. Results: Our results showed that the Australian market experienced a surge in correlation with all other markets during the global financial crisis. During the period of study, the correlation of Australia with Canada, Denmark, Norway and the United Kingdom increased over time while its correlation with other countries remained stationary. This implies that the Australian SRI market is becoming more integrated with those of Canada, Denmark, Norway and the United Kingdom. Therefore, these overseas markets provide less

  19. Investigating the correlations of flow harmonics in 2.76A TeV Pb--Pb collisions

    CERN Document Server

    Zhu, Xiangrong; Xu, Haojie; Song, Huichao

    2016-01-01

    This proceeding briefly summarizes our recent investigations on the correlations of flow harmonics in 2.76A TeV Pb--Pb collisions with viscous hydrodynamics {\\tt VISH2+1}. We calculated both the symmetric cumulants $SC^{v}(m, n)$ and the normalized symmetric cumulants $NSC^{v}(m, n)$, and found $v_{2}$ and $v_{4}$, $v_{2}$ and $v_{5}$, $v_{3}$ and $v_{5}$ are correlated, $v_{2}$ and $v_{3}$, $v_{3}$ and $v_{4}$ are anti-correlated. We also found $NSC^{v}(3, 2)$ are insensitive to the QGP viscosity, which are mainly determined by the initial conditions.

  20. Investigating the correlations of flow harmonics in 2.76A TeV Pb–Pb collisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Xiangrong; Zhou, You; Xu, Haojie; Song, Huichao

    2017-01-01

    This proceeding briefly summarizes our recent investigations on the correlations of flow harmonics in 2.76A TeV Pb–Pb collisions with viscous hydrodynamics VISH2+1. We calculated both the symmetric cumulants SCv (m, n) and the normalized symmetric cumulants NSCv (m, n), and found v 2 and v 4, v 2 and v 5, v 3 and v 5 are correlated, v 2 and v 3, v 3 and v 4 are anti-correlated. We also found NSCv (3, 2) are insensitive to the QGP viscosity, which are mainly determined by the initial conditions.

  1. Internal-external correlation investigations of respiratory induced motion of lung tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ionascu, Dan; Jiang, Steve B; Nishioka, Seiko; Shirato, Hiroki; Berbeco, Ross I

    2007-10-01

    In gated radiation therapy procedures, the lung tumor position is used directly (by implanted radiopaque markers) or indirectly (by external surrogate methods) to decrease the volume of irradiated healthy tissue. Due to a risk of pneumothorax, many clinics do not implant fiducials, and the gated treatment is primarily based on a respiratory induced external signal. The external surrogate method relies upon the assumption that the internal tumor motion is well correlated with the external respiratory induced motion, and that this correlation is constant in time. Using a set of data that contains synchronous internal and external motion traces, we have developed a dynamic data analysis technique to study the internal-external correlation, and to quantitatively estimate its underlying time behavior. The work presented here quantifies the time dependent behavior of the correlation between external respiratory signals and lung implanted fiducial motion. The corresponding amplitude mismatch is also reported for the lung patients studied. The information obtained can be used to improve the accuracy of tumor tracking. For the ten patients in this study, the SI internal-external motion is well correlated, with small time shifts and corresponding amplitude mismatches. Although the AP internal-external motion reveals larger time shifts than along the SI direction, the corresponding amplitude mismatches are below 5 mm.

  2. An investigation of critical and noncritical correlations in model colloidal fluids

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pini, D; Reatto, L [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Milano, Via Celoria 16, 20133 Milano (Italy); Parola, A [Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Universita dell' Insubria, Via Valleggio 11, 22100 Como (Italy); Lo Verso, F [Chimie Analytique et Biophysico-chimie de l' Environnement (CABE), Universite de Geneve, Sciences II, 30 quai Ernest Ansermet, CH-1211 Geneve 4 (Switzerland); Tau, M [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze 7/A, 43100 Parma (Italy)], E-mail: davide.pini@mi.infm.it

    2008-12-10

    We present a study of the correlation length {xi} of a hard-core fluid with three different tail interactions, namely, the Asakura-Oosawa potential, an attractive Yukawa tail, and a double Yukawa tail which is attractive at short distance and repulsive at long distance. The correlation length is obtained along the critical isochore in the whole range of supercritical temperatures by determining the leading pole of the structure factor S(k) in the complex plane, where S(k) is obtained from the hierarchical reference theory. We focus on how {xi} changes from its Ornstein-Zernike form in the critical region to its high-temperature limit, and find instances of both the Fisher-Widom and Kirkwood scenarios for the monotonic to oscillatory crossover of the decay of correlations at long distance.

  3. Correlation Between Soil Moisture and Dust Emissions: An Investigation for Global Climate Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fredrickson, Carley; Tan, Qian

    2017-01-01

    This work is using the newly available NASA SMAP soil moisture measurement data to evaluate its impact on the atmospheric dust emissions. Dust is an important component of atmospheric aerosols, which affects both climate and air quality. In this work, we focused on semi-desert regions, where dust emissions show seasonal variations due to soil moisture changes, i.e. in Sahel of Africa. We first identified three Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) sites in the Sahel (IER_Cinzana, Banizoumbou, and Zinder_Airport). We then utilized measurements of aerosol optical depth (AOD), fine mode fraction, size distribution, and single-scattering albedo and its wave-length dependence to select dust plumes from the available measurements We matched the latitude and longitude of the AERONET station to the corresponding SMAP data cell in the years 2015 and 2016, and calculated their correlation coefficient. Additionally, we looked at the correlation coefficient with a three-day and a five-day shift to check the impact of soil moisture on dust plumes with some time delay. Due to the arid nature of Banizoumbou and Zinder_Airport, no correlation was found to exist between local soil moisture and dust aerosol load. While IER_Cinzana had soil moisture levels above the satellite threshold of 0.02cm3/cm3, R-value approaching zero indicated no presence of a correlation. On the other hand, Ilorin demonstrated a significant negative correlation between aerosol optical depth and soil moisture. When isolating the analysis to Ilorin's dry season, a negative correlation of -0.593 was the largest dust-isolated R-value recorded, suggesting that soil moisture is driven the dust emission in this semi-desert region during transitional season.

  4. "Binaural Rivalry": Dichotic Listening as a Tool for the Investigation of the Neural Correlate of Consciousness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brancucci, Alfredo; Tommasi, Luca

    2011-01-01

    Since about two decades neuroscientists have systematically faced the problem of consciousness: the aim is to discover the neural activity specifically related to conscious perceptions, i.e. the biological properties of what philosophers call qualia. In this view, a neural correlate of consciousness (NCC) is a precise pattern of brain activity…

  5. Age at menarche and eruption of permanent second molars: an investigation to determine a possible correlation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taaniya Akhter

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Downward shifts in the mean menarcheal age and earlier emergence of permanent second molars have been observed worldwide during the past few decades. A positive correlation between the two would make menarche a biomarker for permanent second molar eruption or vice versa, making it a simple tool for monitoring oral status of adolescent girls. This study was conducted to find a correlation between attainment of menarche and eruption status of permanent second molars in girls aged 10-13 years. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 470 female students from six randomly selected schools who consented to participate in the interview and oral examination. Data were analyzed using the Chi square (X2 test with a p-value of < 0.05 considered statistically significant. Results: Significant differences existed within the age groups with regard to attainment of menarche (p = 0.000 and eruption status of second molars (p = 0.000 for all four teeth. However, no correlation could be found between attainment of menarche and eruption status of the permanent second molars. Conclusion: Although this study failed to find a correlation between the two variables, a population based multicentric survey may give a concrete conclusion on this issue. [J Contemp Med 2015; 5(4.000: 210-214

  6. Investigations of Passive Seismic Body-Wave Interferometry Using Noise Auto-correlations for Crustal and Upper Mantle Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oren, C.; Nowack, R. L.

    2015-12-01

    It is known that the positive lags of the auto-correlation for the seismic transmission response of a layered medium correspond to the reflection seismogram (Claerbout, 1968). In this study, we investigate the use of ambient seismic noise recorded at selected broadband USArray EarthScope Transportable Array (TA) stations to obtain effective reflection seismograms for frequencies up to 1 Hz. The goal is to determine the most suitable parameters used for the processing of ambient seismic noise for the identification of crustal and upper mantle reflections and to minimize unwanted artifacts in the noise correlations. In order to best retrieve the body-wave components of the Green's function beneath a station, a number of processing steps are required. We first remove the instrument response and apply a temporal normalization to remove the effects of the most energetic sources. Next we implement spectral whitening. We test several operators for the spectral whitening where the undulations of the power spectrum are related to the strengths of later arrivals in the auto-correlation. Different filters are then applied to the auto-correlation functions, including Gaussian and zero phase Butterworth filters, in order to reduce the effect of side lobes. Hourly auto-correlations are then stacked for up to one year. On the final stack, Automatic Gain Control (AGC) is applied to equalize the correlation amplitudes in the time domain. The robustness of the resulting ambient noise auto-correlation is first tested on selected TA stations in Nevada, where we are able to identify PmP and SmS arrivals similar to those found by Tibuleac and von Seggern (2012). We then investigate noise auto-correlations applied to selected USArray TA stations in the central US.

  7. An experimental investigation on Lagrangian correlations of small-scale turbulence at low Reynolds number

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guala, Michele; Liberzon, Alexander; Tsinober, Arkady; Kinzelbach, Wolfgang

    Lagrangian auto- and cross-correlation functions of the rate of strain s(2) , enstrophy omega (2) , their respective production terms -s_{ij}s_{jk}s_{ki} and omega_{i}omega_{j}s_{ij}, and material derivatives, Ds s(2/Ds) t and Dsomega(2/Ds) t are estimated using experimental results obtained through three-dimensional particle tracking velocimetry (three-dimensional-PTV) in homogeneous turbulence at Re_{lambda} {=} 50. The autocorrelation functions are used to estimate the Lagrangian time scales of different quantities, while the cross-correlation functions are used to clarify some aspects of the interaction mechanisms between vorticity omega and the rate of strain tensor s_{ij}, that are responsible for the statistically stationary, in the Eulerian sense, levels of enstrophy and rate of strain in homogeneous turbulent flow. Results show that at the Reynolds number of the experiment these quantities exhibit different time scales, varying from the relatively long time scale of omega(2) to the relatively shorter time scales of s(2) , omega_{i}omega_{j}s_{ij} and -s_{ij}s_{jk}s_{ki}. Cross-correlation functions suggest that the dynamics of enstrophy and strain, in this flow, is driven by a set of different-time-scale processes that depend on the local magnitudes of s(2) and omega(2) . In particular, there are indications that, in a statistical sense, (i) strain production anticipates enstrophy production in low-strain low-enstrophy regions (ii) strain production and enstrophy production display high correlation in high-strain high-enstrophy regions, (iii) vorticity dampening in high-enstrophy regions is associated with weak correlations between -s_{ij}s_{jk}s_{ki} and s(2) and between -s_{ij}s_{jk}s_{ki} and Ds s(2) /Ds t, in addition to a marked anti-correlation between omega_{i}omega_{j}s_{ij} and Ds s(2) /Ds t. Vorticity dampening in high-enstrophy regions is thus related to the decay of s(2) and its production term, -s_{ij}s_{jk}s_{ki}.

  8. Micro through nanostructure investigations of polycrystalline CdTe: Correlations with processing and electronic structures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Levi, D.H.; Moutinho, H.R.; Hasoon, F.A.; Keyes, B.M.; Ahrenkiel, R.K.; Al-Jassim, M.; Kazmerski, L.L. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Birkmire, R.W. [Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States). Inst. of Energy Conversion

    1994-12-31

    This paper provides first-time correlations of the nanoscale physical structure with the macroscale electronic and optical properties of CdTe/CdS thin films for several standard deposition techniques. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) was used to determine the micro and nanostructures of polycrystalline CdTe thin films used in photovoltaic (PV) cell fabrication. Photoluminescence (PL) was used to determine band gap, relative defect density, and photoexcited carrier lifetime. Nanostructural features (nanograins), beyond the spatial resolution of conventional scanning electron microscopy (SEM), were observed and characterized in as-deposited CdTe. The correlations of the proximal probe measurements of the physical structure with the optically determined electronic properties were used to show the effects of the chemical and heat processing, directly and conclusively. A particularly striking effect with important implications for PV applications is the diffusion of sulfur across the CdTe/CdS interface during heat treatment.

  9. $\\Sigma$-antihyperon correlations in $Z^{0}$ decay and investigation of the baryon production mechanism

    CERN Document Server

    Abbiendi, G; Åkesson, P F; Alexander, G; Anagnostou, G; Anderson, K J; Asai, S; Axen, D; Bailey, I; Barberio, E; Barillari, T; Barlow, R J; Batley, R J; Bechtle, P; Behnke, T; Bell, K W; Bell, P J; Bella, G; Bellerive, A; Benelli, G; Bethke, S; Biebel, O; Boeriu, O; Bock, P; Boutemeur, M; Braibant, S; Brown, R M; Burckhart, H J; Campana, S; Capiluppi, P; Carnegie, R K; Carter, A A; Carter, J R; Chang, C Y; Charlton, D G; Ciocca, C; Csilling, A; Cuffiani, M; Dado, S; Dallavalle, M; De Roeck, A; De Wolf, E A; Desch, K; Dienes, B; Dubbert, J; Duchovni, E; Duckeck, G; Duerdoth, I P; Etzion, E; Fabbri, F; Ferrari, P; Fiedler, F; Fleck, I; Ford, M; Frey, A; Gagnon, P; Gary, J W; Geich-Gimbel, C; Giacomelli, G; Giacomelli, P; Giunta, M; Goldberg, J; Gross, E; Grunhaus, J; Gruwé, M; Gupta, A; Hajdu, C; Hamann, M; Hanson, G G; Harel, A; Hauschild, M; Hawkes, C M; Hawkings, R; Herten, G; Heuer, R D; Hill, J C; Horváth, D; Igo-Kemenesa, P; Ishii, K; Jeremie, H; Jovanovic, P; Junk, T R; Kanzaki, J; Karlen, D; Kawagoe, K; Kawamoto, T; Keeler, R K; Kellogg, R G; Kennedy, B W; Kluth, S; Kobayashi, T; Kobel, M; Komamiya, S; Krämer, T; Krasznahorkay, A Jr; Krieger, P; von Krogh, J; Kuhl, T; Kupper, M; Lafferty, G D; Landsman, H; Lanske, D; Lellouch, D; Letts, J; Levinson, L; Lillich, J; Lloyd, S L; Loebinger, F K; Lu, J; Ludwig, A; Ludwig, J; Mader, W; Marcellini, S; Martin, A J; Mashimo, T; Mättig, P; McKenna, J; McPherson, R A; Meijers, F; Menges, W; Merritt, F S; Mes, H; Meyer, N; Michelini, A; Mihara, S; Mikenberg, G; Miller, D J; Mohr, W; Mori, T; Mutter, A; Nagai, K; Nakamura, I; Nanjo, H; Neal, H A; O'Neale, S W; Oh, A; Oreglia, M J; Orito, S; Pahl, C; Pásztor, G; Pater, J R; Pilcher, J E; Pinfold, J; Plane, D E; Pooth, O; Przybycién, M; Quadt, A; Rabbertz, K; Rembser, C; Renkel, P; Roney, J M; Rossi, A M; Rozen, Y; Runge, K; Sachs, K; Saeki, T; Sarkisyan, E K G; Schaile, A D; Schaile, O; Scharff-Hansen, P; Schieck, J; Schörner-Sadenius, T; Schröder, M; Schumacher, M; Seuster, R; Shears, T G; Shen, B C; Sherwood, P; Skuja, A; Smith, A M; Sobie, R; Söldner-Rembold, S; Spano, F; Stahl, A; Strom, D; Ströhmer, R; Tarem, S; Tasevsky, M; Teuscher, R; Thomson, M A; Torrence, E; Toya, D; Trigger, I; Trócsányi, Z; Tsur, E; Turner-Watson, M F; Ueda, I; Ujvári, B; Vollmer, C F; Vannerem, P; Vértesi, R; Verzocchi, M; Voss, H; Vossebeld, J; Ward, C P; Ward, D R; Watkins, P M; Watson, A T; Watson, N K; Wells, P S; Wengler, T; Wermes, N; Wetterling, D; Wilson, G W; Wilson, J A; Wolf, G; Wyatt, T R; Yamashita, S; Zer-Zion, D; Zivkovic, L

    2009-01-01

    Data collected around sqrt{s}=91 GeV by the OPAL experiment at the LEP e+e- collider are used to study the mechanism of baryon formation. As the signature, the fraction of Sigma-hyperons whose baryon number is compensated by the production of a Sigma-, Lambda or Xi- antihyperon is determined. The method relies entirely on quantum number correlations of the baryons, and not rapidity correlations, making it more model independent than previous studies. The diquark fragmentation model without the popcorn mechanism is strongly disfavored with a significance of 3.8 standard deviations including systematic uncertainties. It is shown that previous studies of the popcorn mechanism are not conclusive if parameter uncertainties are considered.

  10. Probabilistic fracture investigation of symmetric angle ply laminated composite plates using displacement correlation method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lal Achchhe

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The second order statistics of mixed mode stress intensity factors (MSIF of single edge V-notched angle ply laminated composite plate subjected to uniaxial tensile load with uncertinity in the system properties using displacement correlation method (DCM is evaluated. The random system properties such as material properties, crack opening and crack length are modelled as combined uncorrelated and correlated random system variables. A C0 finite element method (FEM based on higher order shear deformation plate theory (HSDT is used for basic formulation. The Taylor series based first order perturbation technique (FOPT, second order perturbation technique (SOPT are used and direct Monte Carlo simulation (MCS is performed to evaluate the statistics (mean and coefficient of variance of the mixed mode SIFs. The present work signifies the accurate analysis of frature behaviour by influence of different random variables and fibre orientations on the fracture behaviour in angle ply laminates.

  11. Experimental investigation of interface curing stresses between PMMA and composite using digital speckle correlation method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    This paper studies the interface curing stresses between polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) and composite by means of digital speckle correlation method (DSCM).A new method by combining DSCM with the marker points is developed to measure the interface curing stresses,and the measurement principle is introduced.The interface curing stresses between PMMA and composite with different curing bonding conditions are measured and analyzed,this indicates that the residual stress for furnace heating and furnace cooling ...

  12. Frequency, Clinical Correlates, and Ratings of Behavioral Changes in Primary Brain Tumor Patients: A Preliminary Investigation

    OpenAIRE

    Simpson, Grahame K.; Eng-Siew eKoh; Diane eWhiting; Wright, Kylie M.; Teresa eSimpson; Rochelle eFirth; Lauren eGillett; Kathryn eYounan

    2015-01-01

    Purpose Few studies have addressed the specific behavioral changes associated with primary brain tumor (PBT). This paper will report on the frequency and demographic/clinical correlates of such behaviors, and the reliability of rating such behaviors among people with PBT, family informants, and clinicians. The association of behavioral changes and patient functional status will also be discussed. Methods A total of 57 patients with 37 family informants were recruited from two large...

  13. Investigating the Microstructural Correlation of White Matter in Autism Spectrum Disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dean, Douglas C; Travers, Brittany G; Adluru, Nagesh; Tromp, Do P M; Destiche, Daniel J; Samsin, Danica; Prigge, Molly B; Zielinski, Brandon A; Fletcher, P Thomas; Anderson, Jeffrey S; Froehlich, Alyson L; Bigler, Erin D; Lange, Nicholas; Lainhart, Janet E; Alexander, Andrew L

    2016-06-01

    White matter microstructure forms a complex and dynamical system that is critical for efficient and synchronized brain function. Neuroimaging findings in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) suggest this condition is associated with altered white matter microstructure, which may lead to atypical macroscale brain connectivity. In this study, we used diffusion tensor imaging measures to examine the extent that white matter tracts are interrelated within ASD and typical development. We assessed the strength of inter-regional white matter correlations between typically developing and ASD diagnosed individuals. Using hierarchical clustering analysis, clustering patterns of the pairwise white matter correlations were constructed and revealed to be different between the two groups. Additionally, we explored the use of graph theory analysis to examine the characteristics of the patterns formed by inter-regional white matter correlations and compared these properties between ASD and typical development. We demonstrate that the ASD sample has significantly less coherence in white matter microstructure across the brain compared to that in the typical development sample. The ASD group also presented altered topological characteristics, which may implicate less efficient brain networking in ASD. These findings highlight the potential of graph theory based network characteristics to describe the underlying networks as measured by diffusion magnetic resonance imaging and furthermore indicates that ASD may be associated with altered brain network characteristics. Our findings are consistent with those of a growing number of studies and hypotheses that have suggested disrupted brain connectivity in ASD.

  14. Investigations on surface quality characteristics with multi-response parametric optimization and correlations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amlana Panda

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the parametric optimization on surface quality characteristics (Ra, Rz and Rt in hard turning of EN31 steel using multilayer coated carbide insert (TiN/TiCN/Al2O3 and also finds correlations. The experiments have been conducted based on Taguchi’s L9 orthogonal array. Multiple linear regression analysis has been utilized to find the correlations. The integrated multi-response optimization approach using CQL concept in WPCA coupled with Taguchi technique has been implemented. Based on the S/N ratio, the optimal process parameters for surface roughness i.e. Ra and Rz are the depth of cut at level 3 (0.5 mm, the cutting speed at level 3 (140 m/min, and the feed at level 1 (0.04 mm/rev. The optimal process parameters for Rt are found to be the depth of cut at level 3 (0.5 mm, the cutting speed at level 2 (100 m/min, and the feed at level 1 (0.04 mm/rev. Feed and depth of cut are found to be the significant cutting parameters affecting the responses at 95% confidence limit from ANOVA study. The first order model presented high correlation coefficient between the experimental and predicted values. The optimal parametric combination for multi-response (Ra, Rz and Rt becomes d3–v3–f1 and is greatly improved.

  15. Investigation of correlation effects in FeSe and FeTe by LDA + U method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lohani, H.; Mishra, P.; Sekhar, B.R., E-mail: sekhar@iopb.res.in

    2015-05-15

    Highlights: • Comparative study of the influence of U and J in FeSe and FeTe. • We found correlation effects are strong in Fe-3d orbitals in FeSe and FeTe. • Correlation effects are orbital selective in nature. - Abstract: We present a comparative study of the influence of Coulomb interaction and Hund’s coupling on the electronic structure of FeSe and FeTe. Our calculations are based on density functional theory (DFT) with local density approximation (LDA + U) framework employed in TB-LMTO ASA code. We found the correlation effects are orbital selective due to the strength of interorbital hybridization among the different Fe-3d orbitals mediated via the chalcogen (Se/Te-p) orbitals and are different in both the compounds. The Coulomb interaction is screened significantly by Te-p bands in FeTe. Similarly the orbital selection is different in both the compounds because of the difference in the chalcogen height.

  16. Large-scale neural model validation of partial correlation analysis for effective connectivity investigation in functional MRI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marrelec, G; Kim, J; Doyon, J; Horwitz, B

    2009-03-01

    Recent studies of functional connectivity based upon blood oxygen level dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging have shown that this technique allows one to investigate large-scale functional brain networks. In a previous study, we advocated that data-driven measures of effective connectivity should be developed to bridge the gap between functional and effective connectivity. To attain this goal, we proposed a novel approach based on the partial correlation matrix. In this study, we further validate the use of partial correlation analysis by employing a large-scale, neurobiologically realistic neural network model to generate simulated data that we analyze with both structural equation modeling (SEM) and the partial correlation approach. Unlike real experimental data, where the interregional anatomical links are not necessarily known, the links between the nodes of the network model are fully specified, and thus provide a standard against which to judge the results of SEM and partial correlation analyses. Our results show that partial correlation analysis from the data alone exhibits patterns of effective connectivity that are similar to those found using SEM, and both are in agreement with respect to the underlying neuroarchitecture. Our findings thus provide a strong validation for the partial correlation method.

  17. Method of frequency dependent correlations: investigating the variability of total solar irradiance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelt, J.; Käpylä, M. J.; Olspert, N.

    2017-03-01

    Context. This paper contributes to the field of modeling and hindcasting of the total solar irradiance (TSI) based on different proxy data that extend further back in time than the TSI that is measured from satellites. Aims: We introduce a simple method to analyze persistent frequency-dependent correlations (FDCs) between the time series and use these correlations to hindcast missing historical TSI values. We try to avoid arbitrary choices of the free parameters of the model by computing them using an optimization procedure. The method can be regarded as a general tool for pairs of data sets, where correlating and anticorrelating components can be separated into non-overlapping regions in frequency domain. Methods: Our method is based on low-pass and band-pass filtering with a Gaussian transfer function combined with de-trending and computation of envelope curves. Results: We find a major controversy between the historical proxies and satellite-measured targets: a large variance is detected between the low-frequency parts of targets, while the low-frequency proxy behavior of different measurement series is consistent with high precision. We also show that even though the rotational signal is not strongly manifested in the targets and proxies, it becomes clearly visible in FDC spectrum. A significant part of the variability can be explained by a very simple model consisting of two components: the original proxy describing blanketing by sunspots, and the low-pass-filtered curve describing the overall activity level. The models with the full library of the different building blocks can be applied to hindcasting with a high level of confidence, Rc ≈ 0.90. The usefulness of these models is limited by the major target controversy. Conclusions: The application of the new method to solar data allows us to obtain important insights into the different TSI modeling procedures and their capabilities for hindcasting based on the directly observed time intervals.

  18. Numerical Study of Condensation Heat Exchanger Design in a Saturated Pool: Correlation Investigation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Hee Joon [Kookmin University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Tae Ho [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-10-15

    Generally the condensation heat exchanger has higher heat transfer coefficient compared to the single phase heat exchanger, so has been widely applied to the cooling systems of fissile power plant. Recently vertical or horizontal type condensation heat exchangers are being studied for the application to secondary passive cooling system of nuclear plants. To design vertical condensation heat exchanger in a saturated water pool, a thermal sizing program of condensation heat exchanger, TSCON(Thermal Sizing of CONdenser) was developed. In this study, condensing heat transfer correlation of TSCON is evaluated with the existing experimental data set to design condensation heat exchanger without noncondensable gas effect (pure steam condensation)

  19. Interaction of Shock Waves in Cement Mortar Plate Investigated by the Digital Speckle Correlation Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Xu-Dong; LIU Kai-Xin; ZHANG Guang-Sheng; WEN Shang-Gang; TAN Fu-Li

    2008-01-01

    @@ Interaction of shock waves in cement mortar plate is studied by digital speckle correlation method and digital high-speed photography technique. When the plates were destroyed by two detonators exploding at the same time, variation of shock wave field is obtained. Experimental results show that the interaction of shock waves will result in a nonlinear huge increase of local normal strain, leading to large deformation and serious destruction. However, the occurrence of this strongly nonlinear phenomenon sensitively depends on the interval between detonators, and it will only appear when the interval is smaller than the diameter of the region where shock waves exist.

  20. Micro through nanostructure investigations of polycrystalline CdTe. Correlations with processing and electronic structures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Levi, D.H.; Moutinho, H.R.; Hasoon, F.S.; Keyes, B.M.; Ahrenkiel, R.K.; Al-Jassim, M.; Kazmerski, L.L. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO (United States); Birkmire, R.W. [Institute of Energy Conversion, University of Delaware, Newark, DW (United States)

    1996-06-10

    This paper provides first-time correlations of the nanoscale physical structure with the macroscale electronic and optical properties of CdTe/CdS thin films for several standard deposition techniques. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) was used to determine the micro and nanostructures of polycrystalline CdTe thin films used in photovoltaic (PV) cell fabrication. Photoluminescence (PL) was used to determine band gap, relative defect density, and photoexcited carrier lifetime. Cross-sectional scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) was used to determine the nanoscale electronic properties. Nanostructural features (nanograins), beyond the spatial resolution of conventional scanning electron microscopy (SEM), were observed and characterized in as-deposited CdTe. The correlations of the proximal probe measurements of the physical and electronic structure with the optically determined electronic properties were used to show the effects of the chemical and heat processing, directly and conclusively. A particularly striking effect with important implications for PV applications is the diffusion of sulfur across the CdTe/CdS interface during heat treatment

  1. Investigating potential correlations between jet engine noise and plume dynamics in the hypertemporal infrared domain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunio, Phillip M.; Weber, Reed; Knobel, Kimberly; Wager, Jason; Lopez, Gerardo

    2014-09-01

    Jet engine noise can be a hazard and environmental pollutant, affecting personnel working in close proximity to jet engines. Mitigating the effects of jet engine noise could reduce the potential for hearing loss in runway workers, but engine noise is not yet sufficiently well-characterized that it can easily be mitigated for new engine designs. That is, there exists a very complex relationship between jet engine design parameters, operating conditions, and resultant noise power levels. In this paper, we propose to evaluate the utility of high-speed imaging (also called hypertemporal imaging) in correlating the infrared signatures of jet aircraft engines with acoustic noise from the jet engines. This paper will focus on a theoretical analysis of jet engine infrared signatures, and will define potentially-detectable characteristics of such signatures in the hypertemporal domain. A systematic test campaign to determine whether such signatures actually exist and can be correlated with acoustic jet engine characteristics will be proposed. The detection of any hypertemporal signatures in association with acoustic signatures of jet engines will enable the use of a new domain in characterizing jet engine noise. This may in turn enable new methods of predicting or mitigating jet engine noise, which could lead to benefits for operators of large numbers of jet engines.

  2. Sport and exercise psychology research and Olympic success: an analytical and correlational investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szabo, Attila

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the current inquiry was to identify the national origin of scholars who lead the work in the area of Sport and Exercise Psychology, and to examine whether their research output is connected to the Olympic success of their national athletes. Consequently, the two specialised journals with the highest impact factors in this field were examined for the origin of publications throughout 11 years for authors' national affiliations. Subsequently, the link between national research output and Olympic medals was examined. The results revealed that over 50% of the publications originate from Canada, the U.K. and the U.S.A. National research output in Sport and Exercise Psychology was correlated with the number of Olympic medals; the proportion of shared variance was 42% and 57%, respectively, in the two journals. Nevertheless, it is posited that the observed link is primarily due to other factors that ought to be examined in future research.

  3. Investigation of correlation effects in FeSe and FeTe by LDA + U method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lohani, H.; Mishra, P.; Sekhar, B. R.

    2015-05-01

    We present a comparative study of the influence of Coulomb interaction and Hund's coupling on the electronic structure of FeSe and FeTe. Our calculations are based on density functional theory (DFT) with local density approximation (LDA + U) framework employed in TB-LMTO ASA code. We found the correlation effects are orbital selective due to the strength of interorbital hybridization among the different Fe-3d orbitals mediated via the chalcogen (Se/Te-p) orbitals and are different in both the compounds. The Coulomb interaction is screened significantly by Te-p bands in FeTe. Similarly the orbital selection is different in both the compounds because of the difference in the chalcogen height.

  4. Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy, a tool to investigate supramolecular dynamics: inclusion complexes of pyronines with cyclodextrin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Soufi, Wajih; Reija, Belén; Novo, Mercedes; Felekyan, Suren; Kühnemuth, Ralf; Seidel, Claus A M

    2005-06-22

    The control of supramolecular systems requires a thorough understanding of their dynamics on a molecular level. We present fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) as a powerful spectroscopic tool to study supramolecular dynamics with single molecule sensitivity. The formation of a supramolecular complex between beta-cyclodextrin (beta-CD) as host and pyronines Y (PY) and B (PB) as guests is studied by FCS. Global target analysis of full correlation curves with a newly derived theoretical model yields in a single experiment the fluorescence lifetimes and the diffusion coefficients of free and complexed guests and the rate constants describing the complexation dynamics. These data give insight into the recently published surprising fact that the association equilibrium constant of beta-CD with PY is much lower than that with the much bulkier guest PB. FCS shows that the stability of the complexes is dictated by the dissociation and not by the association process. The association rate constants are very similar for both guests and among the highest reported for this type of systems, although much lower than the diffusion-controlled collision rate constant. A two-step model including the formation of an encounter complex allows one to identify the unimolecular inclusion reaction as the rate-limiting step. Simulations indicate that this step may be controlled by geometrical and orientational requirements. These depend on critical molecular dimensions which are only weakly affected by the different alkyl substituents of PY and PB. Diffusion coefficients of PY and PB, of their complexes, and of rhodamine 110 are given and compared to those of similar molecules.

  5. Investigation of measurement sensitivities in cross-correlation Doppler global velocimetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cadel, Daniel R.; Lowe, K. Todd

    2016-11-01

    Cross-correlation Doppler global velocimetry (CC-DGV) is a flow measurement technique based on the estimation of Doppler frequency shift of scattered light by means of cross-correlating two filtered intensity signals. The signal characteristics of CC-DGV result in fundamental limits for estimation variance as well as the possibility for estimator bias. The current study assesses these aspects theoretically and via Monte Carlo signal simulations. A signal model is developed using canonical numerical functions for the iodine absorption cell and incorporating Poisson and Gaussian signal noise models. Along with consideration of the analytical form of the Cramér-Rao lower bound, best practices for system settings are discussed. The CC-DGV signal processing routine is then assessed by a series of Monte Carlo simulations studying the effect of temperature mismatch between flow signal and reference detector cells, velocity magnitude, and discretization error in the frequency modulation. A measurement bias was observed; the magnitude of the bias is a weak function of the cell temperature mismatch, but it is independent of the flow velocity magnitude. The measurement variance was found to approach the Cramér-Rao lower bound for optimized conditions. A cyclical bias error resulting from the discrete nature of the laser frequency sweep is also observed with maximum errors of ± 1.0 % of the laser frequency scan step size, corresponding to peak errors of ± 0.61 m s-1 for typical settings. Overall, the signal estimator is found to perform best for matched cell temperatures, small frequency step size, and high velocity regimes, where the relative bias errors are collectively minimized.

  6. A data-driven investigation of gray matter–function correlations in schizophrenia during a working memory task

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew eMichael

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The brain is a vastly interconnected organ and methods are needed to investigate its long range structure(S–function(F associations to better understand disorders such as Schizophrenia that are hypothesized to be due to distributed disconnected brain regions. In previous work we introduced a methodology to reduce the whole brain S–F correlations to a histogram and here we reduce the correlations to brain clusters. The application of our approach to sMRI (gray matter concentration maps and fMRI data (GLM activation maps during Encode and Probe epochs of a working memory task from patients with schizophrenia (SZ, n=100 and healthy controls (HC, n=100 presented the following results. In HC the whole brain correlation histograms for gray matter(GM–Encode and GM–Probe overlap for Low and Medium loads and at High the histograms separate, but in SZ the histograms do not overlap for any of the load levels and Medium load shows the maximum difference. We computed GM–F differential correlation clusters using activation for Probe Medium, and they included regions in the left and right superior temporal gyri, anterior cingulate, cuneus, middle temporal gyrus and the cerebellum. Inter-cluster GM–Probe correlations for Medium load were positive in HC but negative in SZ. Within group inter-cluster GM–Encode and GM–Probe correlation comparisons show no differences in HC but in SZ differences are evident in the same clusters where HC versus SZ differences occurred for Probe Medium, indicating that the S–F integrity during Probe is aberrant in SZ. Through a data-driven whole brain analysis approach we find novel brain clusters and show how the S–F differential correlation changes during Probe and Encode at three memory load levels. Structural and functional anomalies have been extensively reported in schizophrenia and here we provide evidences to suggest that evaluating S–F associations can provide important additional information.

  7. Radiographic anatomy of the distal dural SAC; A myelographic investigation of dimensions and termination

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larsen, J.L.; Olsen, K.O. (Haukeland Sykehus, Bergen (Norway). Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology)

    1991-05-01

    A radio-anatomical study was performed of the distal dural sac (DS) in 121 patients subjected to myelography. In 83.4% the termination of the DS was located from the upper half of the S1-segment to the lower half of the S2-segment. In the remaining patients the dural terminations were more distally located. The average location of the DS-termination was higher than that found in a previous anatomic study. The inference is that in patients with low-back pain and sciatica, the DS tends to terminate at a higher spinal level than in a non-selected anatomic material. The caudal reduction in sagittal diameter of the DS was less than that of the frontal diameter of the sac. The linear diminution in cross-sectional area of the DS from the level of L3 towards the lumbosacral junction was not correlated with the degree of caudal extension of the DS into the sacrum. Thus the length of the DS and its transverse diameters are independent of each other. These results supported the view that the location of the termination of the DS (and hence that of the spinal cord) is not related to stenosis of the central spinal canal. (orig.).

  8. Correlation effects in fcc-Fe(x)Ni(1-x) alloys investigated by means of the KKR-CPA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minár, J; Mankovsky, S; Šipr, O; Benea, D; Ebert, H

    2014-07-09

    The electronic structure and magnetic properties of the disordered alloy system fcc-FexNi1-x (fcc: face centered cubic) have been investigated by means of the KKR-CPA (Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker coherent potential approximation) band structure method. To investigate the impact of correlation effects, the calculations have been performed on the basis of the LSDA (local spin density approximation), the LSDA + U as well as the LSDA + DMFT (dynamical mean field theory). It turned out that the inclusion of correlation effects hardly changed the spin magnetic moments and the related hyperfine fields. The spin-orbit induced orbital magnetic moments and hyperfine fields, on the other hand, show a pronounced and element-specific enhancement. These findings are in full accordance with the results of a recent experimental study.

  9. Investigation of Correlation of Test Sequences for Reliability Testing of Digital Physical System Components

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kushik, N. G.; López, J. E.; Yevtushenko, N. V.

    2016-12-01

    The topical problem of effective verification of digital circuits of different physical systems remains a hot topic. Devices ranging from embedded components to perform specific tasks or experiments to modern communication clusters used for data transmission are concerned. The method of synthesis of the test sequences is based on injection of faults into a reference circuit and deriving a corresponding distinguishing sequence which detects this fault. The method is known as mutation testing and is widely used for the synthesis of high-quality verification tests for digital circuits. Naturally, test suits that detect faults of various classes, and larger amount of faults, are of greater interest. The paper studies the correlation between different test suits derived for different mutant types. The considered fault types include 1) single stuck-at faults, 2) bridges, and 3) hardly detectable faults, i.e., slightly modifying the behavior of a single circuit gate. Tests for detecting faults of each type are derived for the B01-B10 benchmark package (ITC'99 benchmarks (Second Release)), which are components of physical systems intended for various applications including processing of data obtained, load balancing systems, etc. Experiments aim to access the fault coverage of the test derived for one mutant type against faults of other types. It is shown experimentally that the synthesis of tests of one type, including a single stuck-at fault test, is insufficient, because its fault coverage for faults of other types cannot exceed 60%.

  10. Clinical Investigation on the Correlation between Lower Urinary Tract Infection and Cystitis Glandularis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈志强; 叶章群; 曾伟

    2004-01-01

    Summary: In order to study the association between lower urinary tract infection and cystitis glandularis (CG), 120 cases of CG were diagnosed by cystoscopic biopsy in the suspicious foci of the bladder. Among them, 72 cases were subjected to bacterial counting culture of urine and microscopic examination of urinary sediment, and 60 cases to fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (FQ-PCR) assay to detect HPV, CMV and HSV DNA in urine samples. In the 72 cases of CG, the positive rate of bacterial counting culture of urine was 15.3 % (11/72), and gray zone rate was 18.1 % (13/72). 31.9 % (23/72) patients were positive in bacterioscopy of urinary sediment.There was statistically significant difference as compared with the control group (P<0.01). Only 4 of 60 urine samples were positive by FQ-PCR in detection of the three viruses mentioned above with the positive rate being 6.67 %. Compared with the control group, there was no significant difference (P>0.05). It was concluded that the genesis of CG was closely correlated with the chronic lower urinary tract infection, especially caused by Esch coli.

  11. Investigations of high-speed optical transmission systems employing Absolute Added Correlative Coding (AACC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong-Nhat, Nguyen; Elsherif, Mohamed A.; Malekmohammadi, Amin

    2016-07-01

    A novel multilevel modulation format based on partial-response signaling called Absolute Added Correlative Coding (AACC) is proposed and numerically demonstrated for high-speed fiber-optic communication systems. A bit error rate (BER) estimation model for the proposed multilevel format has also been developed. The performance of AACC is examined and compared against other prevailing On-Off-Keying and multilevel modulation formats e.g. non-return-to-zero (NRZ), 50% return-to-zero (RZ), 67% carrier-suppressed return-to-zero (CS-RZ), duobinary and four-level pulse-amplitude modulation (4-PAM) in terms of receiver sensitivity, spectral efficiency and dispersion tolerance. Calculated receiver sensitivity at a BER of 10-9 and chromatic dispersion tolerance of the proposed system are ˜-28.3 dBm and ˜336 ps/nm, respectively. The performance of AACC is delineated to be improved by 7.8 dB in terms of receiver sensitivity compared to 4-PAM in back-to-back scenario. The comparison results also show a clear advantage of AACC in achieving longer fiber transmission distance due to the higher dispersion tolerance in optical access networks.

  12. Experimental Investigation on the Mechanical Behavior of Bovine Bone Using Digital Image Correlation Technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuxi Chen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to understand the fracture mechanisms of bone subjected to external force well, an experimental study has been performed on the bovine bone by carrying out the three-point bending test with 3D digital image correlation (DIC method, which provides a noncontact and full field of displacement measurement. The local strain and damage evolution of the bone has been recorded real time. The results show that the deflection measured by DIC agrees well with that obtained by the displacement sensor of the mechanical testing machine. The relationship between the deflection and the force is nearly linear prior to reaching the peak strength which is about 16 kN for the tested bovine tibia. The full-field strain contours of the bone show that the strain distribution depends on not only the force direction, but also the natural bone shape. The natural arched-shape bovine tibia bone could bear a large force, due to the tissue structure with high strength, and the fracture propagation process of the sample initiates at the inner side of the bone first and propagates along the force direction.

  13. Strongly correlated transition metal compounds investigated by soft X-ray spectroscopies and multiplet calculations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jiménez-Mier, J., E-mail: jimenez@nucleares.unam.mx [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, UNAM, 04510 México, DF (Mexico); Olalde-Velasco, P. [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, UNAM, 04510 México, DF (Mexico); The Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Herrera-Pérez, G.; Carabalí -Sandoval, G. [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, UNAM, 04510 México, DF (Mexico); Chavira, E. [Instituto de Investigaciones en Materiales, UNAM, 04510 México, DF (Mexico); Yang, W.-L.; Denlinger, J. [The Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

    2014-10-15

    Direct probe of Mott–Hubbard (MH) to charge-transfer (CT) insulator transition in the MF{sub 2} (M = Cr–Zn) family of compounds was observed by combining F K and M L X-ray emission spectra (XES). This transition is evident as a crossover of the F-2p and M-3d occupied states. By combining F K XES data with F K edge X-ray absorption (XAS) data we directly obtained values for the M-3d Hubbard energy (U{sub dd}) and the F-2p to M-3d charge-transfer energy (Δ{sub CT}). Our results are in good agreement with the Zaanen–Sawatzky–Allen theory. We also present three examples where X-ray absorption at the transition metal L{sub 2,3} edges is used to study the oxidation state of various strongly correlated transition metal compounds. The metal oxidation state is obtained by direct comparison with crystal field multiplet calculations. The compounds are CrF{sub 2}, members of the La{sub 1−x}Sr{sub x}CoO{sub 3} family, and the MVO{sub 3} (M = La and Y) perovskites.

  14. An investigation into the correlation of geomagnetic storms with tropospheric parameters over the South Pole

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. M. Lam

    Full Text Available We test the proposal that the Sun’s magnetic activity, communicated via the solar wind, provides a link between solar variability and the Earth’s climate in the Antarctic troposphere. The strength of a geomagnetic storm is one indicator of the state of the solar wind; therefore, we use the dates of 51 moderate to strong winter geomagnetic storms from the period 1961–1990 to conduct a series of superposed epoch analyses of the winter South Pole isobaric height and temperature, at pressures of between 100–500 mbar. Using Student’s t -test to compare the mean value of the pre- and post-storm data sets, we find no evidence to support the hypothesis that there is a statistically-significant correlation between the onset of a geomagnetic storm and changes in the isobaric temperature or height of the troposphere and lower stratosphere over the South Pole during winter months. This concurs with a similar study of the variability of the troposphere and lower stratosphere over the South Pole (Lam and Rodger, 2002 which uses drops in the level of observed galactic cosmic ray intensity, known as Forbush decreases, as a proxy for solar magnetic activity instead of geomagnetic storms.

    Key words. Interplanetary physics (solar wind plasma; cosmic rays – Atmospheric composition and structure (pressure, density and temperature

  15. GRACE gravity field modeling with an investigation on correlation between nuisance parameters and gravity field coefficients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Qile; Guo, Jing; Hu, Zhigang; Shi, Chuang; Liu, Jingnan; Cai, Hua; Liu, Xianglin

    2011-05-01

    The GRACE (Gravity Recovery And Climate Experiment) monthly gravity models have been independently produced and published by several research institutions, such as Center for Space Research (CSR), GeoForschungsZentrum (GFZ), Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES) and Delft Institute of Earth Observation and Space Systems (DEOS). According to their processing standards, above institutions use the traditional variational approach except that the DEOS exploits the acceleration approach. The background force models employed are rather similar. The produced gravity field models generally agree with one another in the spatial pattern. However, there are some discrepancies in the gravity signal amplitude between solutions produced by different institutions. In particular, 10%-30% signal amplitude differences in some river basins can be observed. In this paper, we implemented a variant of the traditional variational approach and computed two sets of monthly gravity field solutions using the data from January 2005 to December 2006. The input data are K-band range-rates (KBRR) and kinematic orbits of GRACE satellites. The main difference in the production of our two types of models is how to deal with nuisance parameters. This type of parameters is necessary to absorb low-frequency errors in the data, which are mainly the aliasing and instrument errors. One way is to remove the nuisance parameters before estimating the geopotential coefficients, called NPARB approach in the paper. The other way is to estimate the nuisance parameters and geopotential coefficients simultaneously, called NPESS approach. These two types of solutions mainly differ in geopotential coefficients from degree 2 to 5. This can be explained by the fact that the nuisance parameters and the gravity field coefficients are highly correlated, particularly at low degrees. We compare these solutions with the official and published ones by means of spectral analysis. It is

  16. Evaluative conditioning and conscious knowledge of contingencies: a correlational investigation with large samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bar-Anan, Yoav; De Houwer, Jan; Nosek, Brian A

    2010-12-01

    Evaluative conditioning (EC) is a change in the valence of a stimulus that results from pairing the stimulus with an affective stimulus. Two high-powered studies (total N = 1,161) investigated the nature of the relationship between EC and contingency awareness measured as contingency memory. Stronger EC occurred among people with more accurate and more confident memory of the pairings. Awareness was a necessary condition for EC, but EC was not necessary for awareness. Supporting a propositional account of EC, we found evidence for intentional reliance on the contingency for the evaluation of stimuli. We also found evidence that contingency memory was based both on the actual contingency and on preexisting attitudes.

  17. In vivo reactive neural plasticity investigation by means of correlative two photon: electron microscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allegra Mascaro, A. L.; Cesare, P.; Sacconi, L.; Grasselli, G.; Mandolesi, G.; Maco, B.; Knott, G.; Huang, L.; De Paola, V.; Strata, P.; Pavone, F. S.

    2013-02-01

    In the adult nervous system, different populations of neurons correspond to different regenerative behavior. Although previous works showed that olivocerebellar fibers are capable of axonal regeneration in a suitable environment as a response to injury1, we have hitherto no details about the real dynamics of fiber regeneration. We set up a model of singularly axotomized climbing fibers (CF) to investigate their reparative properties in the adult central nervous system (CNS) in vivo. Time lapse two-photon imaging has been combined to laser nanosurgery2, 3 to define a temporal pattern of the degenerative event and to follow the structural rearrangement after injury. To characterize the damage and to elucidate the possible formation of new synaptic contacts on the sprouted branches of the lesioned CF, we combined two-photon in vivo imaging with block face scanning electron microscopy (FIB-SEM). Here we describe the approach followed to characterize the reactive plasticity after injury.

  18. Processing Narratives Concerning Protected Values: A Cross-Cultural Investigation of Neural Correlates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, Jonas T; Gimbel, Sarah I; Dehghani, Morteza; Immordino-Yang, Mary Helen; Sagae, Kenji; Wong, Jennifer D; Tipper, Christine M; Damasio, Hanna; Gordon, Andrew S; Damasio, Antonio

    2017-02-01

    Narratives are an important component of culture and play a central role in transmitting social values. Little is known, however, about how the brain of a listener/reader processes narratives. A receiver's response to narration is influenced by the narrator's framing and appeal to values. Narratives that appeal to "protected values," including core personal, national, or religious values, may be particularly effective at influencing receivers. Protected values resist compromise and are tied with identity, affective value, moral decision-making, and other aspects of social cognition. Here, we investigated the neural mechanisms underlying reactions to protected values in narratives. During fMRI scanning, we presented 78 American, Chinese, and Iranian participants with real-life stories distilled from a corpus of over 20 million weblogs. Reading these stories engaged the posterior medial, medial prefrontal, and temporo-parietal cortices. When participants believed that the protagonist was appealing to a protected value, signal in these regions was increased compared with when no protected value was perceived, possibly reflecting the intensive and iterative search required to process this material. The effect strength also varied across groups, potentially reflecting cultural differences in the degree of concern for protected values.

  19. Neural correlates of an illusory touch experience investigated with fMRI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lloyd, Donna M; McKenzie, Kirsten J; Brown, Richard J; Poliakoff, Ellen

    2011-10-01

    When asked to judge the presence or absence of near-threshold tactile stimuli, participants often report touch experiences when no tactile stimulation has been delivered ('false alarms'). The simultaneous presentation of a light flash during the stimulation period can increase the frequency of touch reports, both when touch is and is not present. Using fMRI, we investigated the BOLD response during both light-present and light-absent false alarms, testing predictions concerning two possible neural mechanisms underlying these illusory touch experiences: activation of a tactile representation in primary somatosensory cortex (SI) and/or activation of a tactile representation in late processing areas outside of sensory-specific cortex, such as medial prefrontal cortex (MPC). Our behavioural results showed that participants made false alarms in light-present and light-absent trials, both of which activated regions of the medial parietal and medial prefrontal cortex including precuneus, posterior cingulate and paracingulate cortex, suggesting the same underlying mechanism. However, only a non-significant increase in SI activity was measured in response to false alarm vs. correct rejection trials. We argue that our results provide evidence for the role of top-down regions in somatic misperception, consistent with findings from studies in humans and non-human primates.

  20. [Epidemiological investigation and correlation factors analysis of voice diseases of 5758 business dealers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lou, Zhengcai; Zhu, Qiaoying; Zong, Huiqin; Fu, Weiqing; Zhang, Jian

    2008-02-01

    To investigate the epidemic features and risk factors of voice diseases of 5758 business dealers. Questionnaire survey was conducted among 5785 business dealers of four markets in Yiwu city by random cluster sampling from March to July, 2006. They were also examined by indirect laryngoscopy. The incidence of voice disease was calculated and the risk factors were evaluated in four markets. The incidence of voice disease was 39.3%, 18.8%, 28.4% and 58.1% in garment market, crafts market, stock market, and vegetable market, respectively. The average incidence was 30.4% in four markets. The difference of incidence among four markets was statistically significant (P market. Chronic laryngitis and polyp of vocal cord were found to be the major pathological manifestations in men, while Chronic laryngitis and vocal nodules were found to be the major pathological manifestations in women. In addition, laryngeal carcinoma was confirmed in 8 cases. Market noise, pollution, unhealthy habits of business trade and excessive voice were the high risk factors. The female and the business dealers aged from 30 to 50 were the high risk people. Varied relevant measures should be taken to prevent and control voice disease in different subgroups of population. People should be examined thoroughly as soon as they got voice problem. Improvement of market environment and timely intervention may reduce the prevalence rate of voice disease.

  1. Correlative investigation of copper/low-density polyethylene nanocomposite on the endometrial angiogenesis in rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Jianxiong; LIU Zilong; LI Shuang; XIE Changsheng; DUAN Yonggang; YU Jing; ZHU Changhong

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of copper/low-density polyethylene nanocomposite (nano-Cu/LDPE)on the endometrial angiogenesis in rats,and 100 sexual mature female SD rats were randomly divided into five groups:sham-operation groups(SO group,n=20),bulk copper groups(Cu group,n=20),LDPE groups(n=20),nano-Cu/LDPE groups I(n=20)and II(n=20).The levels of angiopoietin-2(Ang-2),its receptor(Tie-2)and CD34 of the rats' endometria in each group were examined by using the S-P method of the immunohistochemistry 30 and 180 days after insertion,respectively.Compared with those in the SO group,the expression of Ang-2 and Tie-2 in all the experimental groups was obviously increased 30 days after insertion,and these parameters in nano-Cu/LDPE groups,except for Ang-2 level in nano-Cu/LDPE group II,were significantly lower in comparison with those in Cu group (P<0.05).On the 180th day after insertion,Ang-2 and Tie-2 levels were still higher in Cu group and LDPE group,but there was no difference of Ang-2 and Tie-2 levels between nano-Cu/LDPE groups and the SO group(P>0.05).Compared with those in the SO group,the significant increases in microvessel density(MVD)were observed on the 30th and the 180th day after the insertion of the bulk copper(P<0.05).There was no significant difference in MVD counts before and after the insertion of nano-Cu/LDPE(P>0.05).The results show that Nano-Cu/LDPE have slighter influence on the endometrial angiogenesis than bulk copper.

  2. The investigation of correlation between Iminoral concentration and neurotoxic levels after kidney transplantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahra Tolou-Ghamari

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Neurotoxicity side effects related to cyclosporine kinetics could lead to dysfunction of kidney graft and patient outcome after transplantation. The aim of this study was evidence-based pharmacotherapy of kidney transplant recipients and to investigate neurotoxic levels of Iminoral. Materials and Methods: The results of 2239 cyclosporine trough levels obtained from 743 patients were studied. Seventy-five adult kidney recipients who received Iminoral were studied for neurotoxicity symptoms. Demographic, clinical, hematology and biochemical data were recorded in d-base and analyzed using SPSS application for windows. Results: The mean value related to cyclosporine C 0 was 246.3 μg/l. In the 48% the signs of neurotoxicity such as tremor and headache were noted, but only in 9% the levels of cyclosporine C 0 were >400 μg/l. Further studies on 75 patients showed that the incidence of neurotoxic side effects were as follows: Tremor in 35, headache in 24 and anxiety in 34 recipients of kidney. The prescribed drug regimens from the day of transplant in most patients were based on mycophenolic acid or cellcept, pulse therapy using methylprednisolone (daily from kidney transplant up to 3 days after transplant, cyclosporine or Iminoral plus other drugs related to each individual. Administrations of ganciclovir, thymoglobulin, clotrimazol and prednisolone were also distinguished with immunosuppressant-based therapy simultaneously. Conclusion: Evidence-based study related to pharmacotherapy of Iminoral showed that clinical presentation related to neurotoxic side effects such as tremor, headache and anxiety might be due to many factors such as polypharmacy. Planning immunosuppression to individual patients based on programmed therapeutic Iminoral monitoring, avoiding polypharmacy in terms of removal or drug minimization and focusing on first week after transplant seem to be a realistic option.

  3. Investigation of Proton-Proton Short-Range Correlations via the 12C(e,e'pp) Reaction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    J. Arrington; H. Benaoum; F. Benmokhtar; P. Bertin; W. Bertozzi; W. Boeglin; J. P. Chen; Seonho Choi; E. Chudakov; E. Cisbani; B. Craver; C. W. de Jager; R. Feuerbach; S. Frullani; F. Garibaldi; O. Gayou; S. Gilad; R. Gilman; O. Glamazdin; J. Gomez; O. Hansen; D. W. Higinbotham; T. Holmstrom; H. Ibrahim; R. Igarashi; E. Jans; X. Jiang; Y. Jiang; L. Kaufman; A. Kelleher; A. Kolarkar; E. Kuchina; G. Kumbartzki; J. J. LeRose; R. Lindgren; N. Liyanage; D. J. Margaziotis; P. Markowitz; S. Marrone; M. Mazouz; R. Michaels; B. Moffit; S. Nanda; C. F. Perdrisat; E. Piasetzky; M. Potokar; V. Punjabi; Y. Qiang; J. Reinhold; B. Reitz; G. Ron; G. Rosner; A. Saha; B. Sawatzky; A. Shahinyan; S. Sirca; K. Slifer; P. Solvignon; V. Sulkosky; N. Thompson; P. E. Ulmer; G. M. Urciuoli; E. Voutier; K. Wang; J. W. Watson

    2007-08-01

    We investigated simultaneously the 12C(e,e'p) and 12C(e,e'pp) reactions at Q2 = 2 [GeV/c]2, x_B = 1.2, and in an (e,e'p) missing-momentum range from 300 to 600 MeV/c. At these kinematics, with a missing-momentum greater than the Fermi momentum of nucleons in a nucleus and far from the delta excitation, short-range nucleon-nucleon correlations are predicted to dominate the reaction. For(9.5 +/- 2)% of the 12C(e,e'p) events, a recoiling partner proton was observed back-to-back to the 12C(e,e'p) missing momentum vector, an experimental signature of correlations.

  4. An investigation of the influence of the pairing correlations on the properties of the isobar analog resonances in = 208 nuclei

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A Küçükbursa; D I Salamov; T Babacan; H A Aygör

    2004-11-01

    Within the quasi-particle random phase approximation (QRPA), the method of the self-consistent determination of the isovector effective interaction which restores a broken isotopic symmetry for the nuclear part of the Hamiltonian is given. The effect of the pairing correlations between nucleons on the following quantities were investigated for the = 208 nuclei: energies of the isobar analog 0+ states, the isospin admixtures in the ground state of the even–even nuclei, and the differential cross-section for the 208Pb(3He,)208Bi reaction at E(3He) = 450 MeV. Both couplings of the excitation branches with z = 0 ± 1, and the analog state with isovector monopole resonance (IVMR) in the quasi-particle representation were taken into account in our calculations. As a result of these calculations, it was seen that the pairing correlations between nucleons have no considerable effect on the = 23 isospin admixture in the ground state of the 208Pb nucleus, and they cause partially an increase in the isospin impurity of the isobar analog resonance (IAR). It was also established that these correlations have changed the isospin structure of the IAR states, and shifted the energies of the IVMR states to the higher values.

  5. Investigation of the bistability in J aggregates upon resonant optical excitation with inclusion of pair correlations between molecules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nesterov, L. A.; Rosanov, N. N.

    2016-09-01

    A theory of resonant interaction with radiation of J aggregates based on chains of two-level molecules coupled by the retarded dipole‒dipole interaction has been developed. The effect of pair correlations between the chain molecules on the bistable response of this system under the influence of external resonant radiation has been investigated within the homogeneous chain model. Traditionally, these systems have been described using single-particle density matrices corresponding to each molecule. In this description, twoparticle interactions are represented in the factorized form and do not include correlations between the interacting molecules. In this study, the correlation corrections have been estimated taking into account the influence of only the nearest neighbors, while their values have found to be of the same order of magnitude as the factorized two-particle expectation values for which these corrections have been calculated. As a result, the dipole‒dipole interaction of a particular molecule with the nearest neighbors is so strong that the description of this interaction in the factorized form becomes inappropriate and can be used only for a qualitative analysis of the response of the chain. In order to obtain correct quantitative characteristics, it is necessary to abandon the factorization of the two-particle expectation values, at least for nearest neighbors.

  6. An Investigation of the Correlation of Water-Ice and Dust Retrievals Via the MGS TES Data Set

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qu, Z.; Tamppari, L. K.; Smith, M. D.; Bass, Deborah; Hale, A. S.

    2004-01-01

    Water-ice in the Martian atmosphere was first identified in the Mariner 9 Infrared Interferometer Spectrometer (IRIS) spectra. The Viking Imaging Subsystem (VIS) instruments aboard the Viking orbiter also observed water-ice clouds and hazes in the Martian atmosphere. The MGS TES instrument is an infrared inferometer/spectrometer which covers the spectral range 6-50 micron with a selectable sampling resolution of either 5 or 10 per cm. Using the relatively independent and distinct spectral signatures for dust and water-ice, these two retrieved quantities have been retrieved simultaneously. Although the interrelations among the two quantities have been analyzed by Smith et al. and the retrievals are thought to be robust, understanding the impact of each quantity on the other during their retrievals as well as the impact from the surface for retrievals is important for correctly interpreting the science, and therefore requires close examination. An understanding of the correlation or a-correlation between dust and water-ice would aid in understanding the physical processes responsible for the transport of aerosols in the Martian atmosphere. In this presentation, we present an investigation of the correlation between water-ice and dust in the MGS TES data set.

  7. On the correlation between air temperature and the core Earth processes: Further investigations using a continuous wavelet analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Sello, Stefano

    2011-01-01

    In a recent article by Dickey, J. O., Marcus, S.L. and O. de Viron, 2011, the authors show evidences for correlations in the multi-decadal variability of Earth's rotation rate [i.e., length of day (LOD)], the angular momentum of the core (CAM), and natural surface air temperature (SAT). Previous investigators have already found that the LOD fluctuations are largely attributed to core-mantle interactions and that the SAT appears strongly anti-correlated with the decadal LOD. As the above authors note, the cause of this common variability needs to be further investigated and studied. In fact, "since temperature cannot affect the CAM or LOD to a sufficient extent, the results favor either a direct effect of Earth's core-generated magnetic field (e.g., through the modulation of charged-particle fluxes, which may impact cloud formation) or a more indirect effect of some other core process on the climate-or yet another process that affects both". The main aim of the present research note is to further support the a...

  8. Investigation of a Cross-Correlation Based Optical Strain Measurement Technique for Detecting radial Growth on a Rotating Disk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clem, Michelle M.; Woike, Mark R.

    2013-01-01

    The Aeronautical Sciences Project under NASA`s Fundamental Aeronautics Program is extremely interested in the development of novel measurement technologies, such as optical surface measurements in the internal parts of a flow path, for in situ health monitoring of gas turbine engines. In situ health monitoring has the potential to detect flaws, i.e. cracks in key components, such as engine turbine disks, before the flaws lead to catastrophic failure. In the present study, a cross-correlation imaging technique is investigated in a proof-of-concept study as a possible optical technique to measure the radial growth and strain field on an already cracked sub-scale turbine engine disk under loaded conditions in the NASA Glenn Research Center`s High Precision Rotordynamics Laboratory. The optical strain measurement technique under investigation offers potential fault detection using an applied high-contrast random speckle pattern and imaging the pattern under unloaded and loaded conditions with a CCD camera. Spinning the cracked disk at high speeds induces an external load, resulting in a radial growth of the disk of approximately 50.0-im in the flawed region and hence, a localized strain field. When imaging the cracked disk under static conditions, the disk will be undistorted; however, during rotation the cracked region will grow radially, thus causing the applied particle pattern to be .shifted`. The resulting particle displacements between the two images will then be measured using the two-dimensional cross-correlation algorithms implemented in standard Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) software to track the disk growth, which facilitates calculation of the localized strain field. In order to develop and validate this optical strain measurement technique an initial proof-of-concept experiment is carried out in a controlled environment. Using PIV optimization principles and guidelines, three potential speckle patterns, for future use on the rotating disk, are developed

  9. An investigation of the correlation between abnormal patterns of ocular microtremor and an abnormal pupil reflex in neurological patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abakumova, L Y; Shakhnovich, A R; Thomas, J G

    1975-12-01

    Twenty-two patients and 7 normal subjects at the Burdenko Institute of Neurosurgery, Moscow, have taken part in an investigation in which the direct light reflex to a brief flash, and the high-frequency microtremor of the eyes, have been recorded. The direct pupil reflex recordings obtained with a flash of 20 msec duration and 100 lux intensity at the plane of the pupil were registered from the right eye of each patient. Ocular microtremor recordings were obtained simultaneously from both eyes of 20 of the patients. A set of criteria of abnormality of ocular microtremor, as judged by visual examination of the records, is proposed by the authors. Abnormality of the pupil reflex is assessed in terms of the amplitude, latent period, and time course of the contraction and relaxation phases of the reflex. A strong correlation has been found between the occurrence of an abnormal ocular tremor record and an abnormal pupil reflex. On the basis of this correlation, the authors propose that ocular tremor recordings may be used in diagnosis as sensitive indicators of brain-stem dysfunction.

  10. Structural modifications of Tilia cordata wood during heat treatment investigated by FT-IR and 2D IR correlation spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popescu, Maria-Cristina; Froidevaux, Julien; Navi, Parviz; Popescu, Carmen-Mihaela

    2013-02-01

    It is known that heat treatment of wood combined with a low percent of relative humidity causes transformations in the chemical composition of it. The modifications and/or degradation of wood components occur by hydrolysis, oxidation, and decarboxylation reactions. The aim of this study was to give better insights on wood chemical modifications during wood heat treatment under low temperature at about 140 °C and 10% percentage of relative humidity, by infrared, principal component analysis and two dimensional infrared correlation spectroscopy. For this purpose, hardwood samples of lime (Tilia cordata) were investigated and analysed. The infrared spectra of treated samples were compared with the reference ones, the most important differences being observed in the "fingerprint" region. Due to the complexity of this region, which have contributions from all the wood constituents the chemical changes during hydro-thermal treatment were examined in detail using principal component analysis and 2D IR correlation spectroscopy. By hydro-thermal treatment of wood results the formation of acetic acid, which catalyse the hydrolysis reactions of hemicelluloses and amorphous cellulose. The cleavage of the β-O-4 linkages and splitting of the aliphatic methoxyl chains from the aromatic lignin ring was also observed. For the first treatment interval, a higher extent of carbohydrates degradation was observed, then an increase of the extent of the lignin degradation also took place.

  11. Investigation of intravalence, core-valence and core-core electron correlation effects in polonium atomic structure calculations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinet, Pascal

    2014-09-01

    A detailed investigation of the atomic structure and radiative parameters involving the lowest states within the 6p4, 6p36d, 6p37s, 6p37p and 6p37d configurations of neutral polonium is reported in the present paper. Using different physical models based on the pseudo-relativistic Hartree-Fock approach, the influence of intravalence, core-valence and core-core electron correlation on the atomic parameters is discussed in detail. This work allowed us to fix the spectroscopic designation of some experimental level energy values and to provide for the first time a set of reliable oscillator strengths corresponding to 31 Po I spectral lines in the wavelength region from 175 to 987 nm.

  12. Doping dependence of correlation effects in K1 - x Fe2 - y Se2 superconductors: LDA' + DMFT investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nekrasov, I. A.; Pavlov, N. S.; Sadovskii, M. V.

    2013-11-01

    We present a detailed LDA' + DMFT investigation of the doping dependence of correlation effects in the novel K1 - x Fe2 - y Se2 superconductor. Calculations are performed at four different hole doping levels, starting from a hypothetical stoichiometric composition with the total number of electrons equal to 29 per unit cell through 28 and 27.2 electrons toward the case of 26.52, which corresponds to the chemical composition K0.76Fe1.72Se2 studied in recent ARPES experiments. In the general case, the increase in hole doping leads to quasiparticle bands in a wide energy window ±2 eV around the Fermi level becoming more broadened by lifetime effects, while correlation-induced compression of Fe-3 d LDA' bandwidths stays almost the same, of the order of 1.3 for all hole concentrations. However, close to the Fermi level, the situation is more complicated. In the energy interval from -1.0 eV to 0.4 eV, the bare Fe-3 d LDA' bands are compressed by significantly larger renormalization factors up to 5 with increased hole doping, while the value of Coulomb interaction remains the same. This fact manifests the increase in correlation effects with hole doping in the K1 - x Fe2 - y Se2 system. Moreover, in contrast to typical pnictides, K1 - x Fe2 - y Se2 does not have well-defined quasiparticle bands on the Fermi levels, but has a "pseudogap"-like dark region instead. We also find that with the growth of hole doping, Fe-3 d orbitals of various symmetries are affected by correlations differently in different parts of the Brillouin zone. To illustrate this, we determine the quasiparticle mass renormalization factors and energy shifts that transform the bare Fe-3 d LDA' bands of various symmetries into LDA' + DMFT quasiparticle bands. These renormalization factors effectively mimic more complicated energy-dependent self-energy effects and can be used to analyze the available ARPES data.

  13. Communication: Proton NMR dipolar-correlation effect as a method for investigating segmental diffusion in polymer melts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lozovoi, A.; Mattea, C.; Herrmann, A.; Rössler, E. A.; Stapf, S.; Fatkullin, N.

    2016-06-01

    A simple and fast method for the investigation of segmental diffusion in high molar mass polymer melts is presented. The method is based on a special function, called proton dipolar-correlation build-up function, which is constructed from Hahn Echo signals measured at times t and t/2. The initial rise of this function contains additive contributions from both inter- and intramolecular magnetic dipole-dipole interactions. The intermolecular contribution depends on the relative mean squared displacements (MSDs) of polymer segments from different macromolecules, while the intramolecular part reflects segmental reorientations. Separation of both contributions via isotope dilution provides access to segmental displacements in polymer melts at millisecond range, which is hardly accessible by other methods. The feasibility of the method is illustrated by investigating protonated and deuterated polybutadiene melts with molecular mass 196 000 g/mol at different temperatures. The observed exponent of the power law of the segmental MSD is close to 0.32 ± 0.03 at times when the root MSD is in between 45 Å and 75 Å, and the intermolecular proton dipole-dipole contribution to the total proton Hahn Echo NMR signal is larger than 50% and increases with time.

  14. Investigation and correlation of drug polymer miscibility and molecular interactions by various approaches for the preparation of amorphous solid dispersions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Fan; Trivino, Anne; Prasad, Dev; Chauhan, Harsh

    2015-04-25

    Curcumin (CUR) was used as a poorly soluble drug whereas polyvinyl pyrrolidone K90 (PVP), Eudragit EPO (EPO), hydroxypropyl methylcellulose E5 (HPMC) and polyethylene glycol 8000 (PEG) were used as hydrophilic polymers. CUR polymer miscibility was evaluated by solubility parameter, melting point depression and glass transition temperature (Tg) measurements. Molecular interactions between CUR and polymers were determined by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Raman. Amorphous solid dispersions were prepared with CUR-polymer ratio of 70:30 (w/w) by solvent evaporation technique and were evaluated for dissolution enhancement using USP II method. Physical states of solid dispersions were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) whereas thermal behaviors were investigated using modulated differential scanning calorimetry (MDSC). CUR-EPO system showed good miscibility through all the approaches, whereas immiscibility was found in other CUR-polymer systems. CUR-EPO and CUR-HPMC systems showed significant molecular interactions whereas CUR-PVP and CUR-PEG showed no molecular interactions. All solid dispersions showed significant dissolution enhancement with CUR-EPO showing highest dissolution rate during first 1h whereas CUR-HPMC was effective in maintaining high CUR concentrations for 6h. The study highlights the importance of investigating and correlating drug polymer miscibility and molecular interactions by various approaches for successful formulation of amorphous solid dispersions.

  15. Both projection and commissural pathways are disrupted in individuals with chronic stroke: investigating microstructural white matter correlates of motor recovery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borich Michael R

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Complete recovery of motor function after stroke is rare with deficits persisting into the chronic phase of recovery. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI can evaluate relationships between white matter microstructure and motor function after stroke. The objective of this investigation was to characterize microstructural fiber integrity of motor and sensory regions of the corpus callosum (CC and descending motor outputs of the posterior limb of the internal capsule (PLIC in individuals with chronic stroke and evaluate the relationships between white matter integrity and motor function. Results Standardized measures of upper extremity motor function were measured in thirteen individuals with chronic stroke. Manual dexterity was assessed in thirteen healthy age-matched control participants. DTI scans were completed for each participant. Fractional anisotropy (FA of a cross-section of sensory and motor regions of the CC and the PLIC bilaterally were quantified. Multivariate analysis of variance evaluated differences between stroke and healthy groups. Correlational analyses were conducted for measures of motor function and FA. The stroke group exhibited reduced FA in the sensory (p = 0.001 region of the CC, contra- (p = 0.032 and ipsilesional (p = 0.001 PLIC, but not the motor region of the CC (p = 0.236. In the stroke group, significant correlations between contralesional PLIC FA and level of physical impairment (p = 0.005, grip strength (p = 0.006 and hand dexterity (p = 0.036 were observed. Conclusions Microstructural status of the sensory region of the CC is reduced in chronic stroke. Future work is needed to explore relationships between callosal sensorimotor fiber integrity and interhemispheric interactions post-stroke. In addition, contralesional primary motor output tract integrity is uniquely and closely associated with multiple dimensions of motor recovery in the chronic phase of stroke suggesting

  16. Investigating the Correlation between Miscibility and Physical Stability of Amorphous Solid Dispersions Using Fluorescence-Based Techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Bin; Tang, Xing; Taylor, Lynne S

    2016-11-07

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using a fluorescence-based technique to evaluate drug-polymer miscibility and to probe the correlation between miscibility and physical stability of amorphous solid dispersions (ASDs). Indomethacin-hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (IDM-HPMC), indomethacin-hydroxypropyl methylcellulose acetate succinate, and indomethacin-polyvinylpyrrolidone (IDM-PVP) were used as model systems. The miscibility of the IDM-polymer systems was evaluated by fluorescence spectroscopy, fluorescence imaging, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and infrared (IR) spectroscopy. The physical stability of IDM-polymer ASDs stored at 40 °C was evaluated using fluorescence imaging and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The experimentally determined miscibility limit of IDM with the polymers was 50-60%, 20-30%, and 70-80% drug loading for HPMC, HPMCAS, and PVP, respectively. The X-ray results showed that for IDM-HPMC ASDs, samples with a drug loading of less than 50% were maintained in amorphous form during the study period, while samples with drug loadings higher than 50% crystallized within 15 days. For IDM-HPMCAS ASDs, samples with drug loading less than 30% remained amorphous, while samples with drug loadings higher than 30% crystallized within 10 days. IDM-PVP ASDs were found to be resistant to crystallization for all compositions. Thus, a good correlation was observed between phase separation and reduced physical stability, suggesting that miscibility is indeed an important ASDs characteristic. In addition, fluorescence-based techniques show promise in the evaluation of drug-polymer miscibility.

  17. Investigating the neural correlates of voice versus speech-sound directed information in pre-school children.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nora Maria Raschle

    Full Text Available Studies in sleeping newborns and infants propose that the superior temporal sulcus is involved in speech processing soon after birth. Speech processing also implicitly requires the analysis of the human voice, which conveys both linguistic and extra-linguistic information. However, due to technical and practical challenges when neuroimaging young children, evidence of neural correlates of speech and/or voice processing in toddlers and young children remains scarce. In the current study, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI in 20 typically developing preschool children (average age  = 5.8 y; range 5.2-6.8 y to investigate brain activation during judgments about vocal identity versus the initial speech sound of spoken object words. FMRI results reveal common brain regions responsible for voice-specific and speech-sound specific processing of spoken object words including bilateral primary and secondary language areas of the brain. Contrasting voice-specific with speech-sound specific processing predominantly activates the anterior part of the right-hemispheric superior temporal sulcus. Furthermore, the right STS is functionally correlated with left-hemispheric temporal and right-hemispheric prefrontal regions. This finding underlines the importance of the right superior temporal sulcus as a temporal voice area and indicates that this brain region is specialized, and functions similarly to adults by the age of five. We thus extend previous knowledge of voice-specific regions and their functional connections to the young brain which may further our understanding of the neuronal mechanism of speech-specific processing in children with developmental disorders, such as autism or specific language impairments.

  18. Experimental Investigation of Longitudinal Space-Time Correlations of the Velocity Field in Turbulent Rayleigh-B\\'{e}nard Convection

    CERN Document Server

    Zhou, Quan; Lu, Zhi-Ming; Liu, Yu-Lu

    2010-01-01

    We report an experimental investigation of the longitudinal space-time cross-correlation function of the velocity field, $C(r,\\tau)$, in a cylindrical turbulent Rayleigh-B\\'{e}nard convection cell using the particle image velocimetry (PIV) technique. We show that while the Taylor's frozen-flow hypothesis does not hold in turbulent thermal convection, the recent elliptic model advanced for turbulent shear flows [He & Zhang, \\emph{Phys. Rev. E} \\textbf{73}, 055303(R) (2006)] is valid for the present velocity field for all over the cell, i.e., the isocorrelation contours of the measured $C(r,\\tau)$ have a shape of elliptical curves and hence $C(r,\\tau)$ can be related to $C(r_E,0)$ via $r_E^2=(r-\\beta\\tau)^2+\\gamma^2\\tau^2$ with $\\beta$ and $\\gamma$ being two characteristic velocities. We further show that the fitted $\\beta$ is proportional to the mean velocity of the flow, but the values of $\\gamma$ are larger than the theoretical predictions. Specifically, we focus on two representative regions in the cell...

  19. Time and space correlated investigations of confinement effects due to static axial magnetic fields acting on laser produced carbon plasmas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Favre, Mario; Wyndham, Edmund; Veloso, Felipe; Bhuyan, Heman; Reyes, Sebastian; Ruiz, Hugo Marcelo; Caballero-Bendixsen, Luis Sebastian

    2016-10-01

    We present further detailed studies of the dynamics and plasma properties of a laser produced Carbon plasma expanding in a static axial magnetic field. The laser plasmas are produced in vacuum, 1 .10-6 Torr, using a graphite target, with a Nd:YAG laser, 3.5 ns, 340 mJ at 1.06 μm, focused at 2 .109 W/cm2, and propagate in static magnetic fields of maximum value 0.2 T. 15 ns time and spaced resolved OES is used to investigate plasma composition. 50 ns time resolved plasma imaging is used to visualize the plasma dynamics. A mm size B-dot probe is used, in combination with a Faraday cup, to characterize the interaction between the expanding plasma and the magnetic field. As a result of time and space correlated measurements, unique features of the laser plasma dynamics in the presence of the magnetic field are identified, which highlight the confinement effects of the static magnetic field Funded by project FONDECYT 1141119.

  20. A finite element-based injury metric for pulmonary contusion: investigation of candidate metrics through correlation with computed tomography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gayzik, F Scott; Hoth, J Jason; Daly, Melissa; Meredith, J Wayne; Stitzel, Joel D

    2007-10-01

    Pulmonary contusion (PC) is the most common thoracic soft tissue injury following non-penetrating blunt trauma and has been associated with mortality rates as high as 25%. This study is part of an ongoing effort to develop a finite element based injury criteria for PC. The aims of this study are two fold. The first is to investigate the use of computed tomography (CT) to quantify the volume of pathologic lung tissue in a prospective study of PC. The second is to use a finite element model (FEM) of the lung to investigate several mathematical predictors of contusion to determine the injury metric that best matches the spatial distribution of contusion obtained from the CT analysis. PC is induced in-situ utilizing male Sprague Dawley rats (n = 24) through direct impact to the right lung at 5.0 ms(-1). Force vs. deflection data are collected and used for model validation and optimization. CT scans are taken at 24 hours, 48 hours, 1 week, and 1 month post contusion. A numerical simulation is performed using an FEM of the rat lung and surrounding structures. Injury predictors investigated include maximum first principal strain, maximum shear strain, triaxial mean strain, octahedral shear stress, and maximum shear stress. Strain rate and the product of strain and strain rate are evaluated for all listed strains. At each post-impact time point, the volume of contused lung is used to determine the specific elements representing pathologic lung. Through this method, a threshold is determined for all listed metrics. The spatial distribution of the elements exceeding this threshold is compared to the spatial distribution of high-radiopacity lung tissue in the CT through a three dimensional registration technique to determine the predictor with the best correlation to the outcome. Impacts resulted in a mean energy input to the lung of 8.74 +/- 2.5 mJ. Segmentation of the imaging data yielded a mean unilateral high-radiopacity tissue estimate of 14.5% by volume at 24 hours with

  1. Investigating the correlations between water coma emissions and active regions in comet 67P/ Churyumov-Gerasimenko

    Science.gov (United States)

    Migliorini, Alessandra; Filacchione, Gianrico; Capaccioni, Fabrizio; Piccioni, Giuseppe; Bockelee-Morvan, Dominique; Érard, Stéphane; Leyrat, Cedric; Combi, Michael R.; Fougere, Nicolas; Rinaldi, Giovanna; VIRTIS Team

    2016-10-01

    Vibrational emission lines of H2O and CO2 at 2.67 and 4.27 μm, respectively, were identified by the VIRTIS spectrometer (Bockelée-Morvan et al., 2015; Migliorini et al., 2016; Fink et al., 2016) and mapped from the surface up to about 10 km altitude with a spatial resolution on the order of tens of meters per pixel (Migliorini et al., 2016).Data acquired in April 2015 with the VIRTIS spectrometer on board the Rosetta mission, provided information on the possible correlation between the H2O emission in the inner coma and the exposed water deposits detected in the Hapi region on the 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko surface (Migliorini et al., 2106; De Sanctis et al., 2015). Further bright spots attributed to exposed water ice have been identified in other regions by OSIRIS at visible wavelengths (Pommerol, et al., 2015) and confirmed in the infrared by VIRTIS-M in the Imothep region (Filacchione et al., 2016). The small dimensions of these icy spots - approximately 100x100 m (Filacchione et al., 2016) - and the relatively small amount of water ice (about 5%) make uncertain the correlation with the strong emissions in the coma.However, VIRTIS data show that the distribution of jet-like emissions seems to follow the distribution of cliffs and exposed areas identified in the North hemisphere with OSIRIS camera (Vincent et al., 2015). These areas are mainly concentrated in correspondence of comet's rough terrains, while a lack of active regions is observed in the comet's neck. Nevertheless, strong H2O emission is observed above the neck with VIRTIS. This might be a consequence of gas jets that are originated in the surrounding of the neck but converging towards the neck itself. This gaseous activity is the main driver of the dust upwelling (Migliorini et al, 2016; Rinaldi et al., in preparation)In this paper, we investigate the relationship between H2O vapour observed with VIRTIS within 5 km from the 67P/C-G nucleus and the exposed regions identified by OSIRIS on the surface

  2. A Theoretical Investigation of the Relationship between Structural Equation Modeling and Partial Correlation in Functional MRI Effective Connectivity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillaume Marrelec

    2009-01-01

    evidence. In this paper, we provide theoretical fundaments explaining why and in what measure structural equation modeling and partial correlations are related. This gives better insight regarding what parts of SEM can be retrieved by partial correlation analysis and what remains inaccessible. We illustrate the different results with real data.

  3. Investigating the correlation between in vivo absorption and in vitro release of fenofibrate from lipid matrix particles in biorelevant medium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borkar, Nrupa; Xia, Dengning; Holm, René; Gan, Yong; Müllertz, Anette; Yang, Mingshi; Mu, Huiling

    2014-01-23

    Lipid matrix particles (LMP) may be used as better carriers for poorly water-soluble drugs than liquid lipid carriers because of reduced drug mobilization in the formulations. However, the digestion process of solid lipid particles and their effect on the absorption of poorly water-soluble drugs are not fully understood. This study aimed at investigating the effect of particle size of LMP on drug release in vitro as well as absorption in vivo in order to get a better understanding on the effect of degradation of lipid particles on drug solubilisation and absorption. Fenofibrate, a model poorly water-soluble drug, was incorporated into LMP in this study using probe ultrasound sonication. The resultant LMP were characterised in terms of particle size, size distribution, zeta potential, entrapment efficiency, in vitro lipolysis and in vivo absorption in rat model. LMP of three different particle sizes i.e. approximately 100 nm, 400 nm, and 10 μm (microparticles) were produced with high entrapment efficiencies. The in vitro lipolysis study showed that the recovery of fenofibrate in the aqueous phase for 100 nm and 400 nm LMP was significantly higher (pdigested to a larger extent due to greater specific surface area. The 100 nm LMP showed faster initial digestion followed by 400 nm LMP and microparticles. The area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) following oral administration of 100 nm LMP was significantly higher (pabsorption and the in vitro response was observed. The recovery (%) of fenofibrate partitioning into the aqueous phase during in vitro lipolysis and the AUC of plasma concentration-time curve of fenofibric acid was in the order of 100 nm LMP>microparticles>control. In summary, the present study demonstrated the particle size dependence of bioavailability of fenofibrate loaded LMP in rat model which correlates well with the in vitro drug release performed in the biorelevant medium.

  4. Water-soluble gases as partitioning tracers to investigate the pore volume?transmissivity correlation in a fracture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lunati, Ivan; Kinzelbach, Wolfgang

    2004-11-01

    Hydraulically equivalent fractures may show striking differences when a gas-migration experiment is performed because of the different correlations between transmissivity, pore volume and entry pressure. We numerically simulate gas migration between injection and extraction boreholes in a parallel plate fracture with a heterogeneous fault gouge, in a rough-walled fracture filled with homogeneous material, and in a rough-walled empty fracture. The parallel plate model and the empty model clearly show the existence of preferential paths; for high variance of the transmissivity field, gas flow takes place only in few discrete channels separated by water-saturated regions. In contrast, in the fracture filled with homogeneous fault gouge, the gas saturation is continuous and more uniformly distributed. It appears a fundamental issue to be able to discriminate in situ among conceptual models that can yield such a different gas-saturation distribution. As in practice, the saturation distribution cannot be directly observed, tracer experiments are performed to characterize a fracture. For these reasons, we simulate the transport of tracers, which are added to the gas phase as soon as quasi-steady saturation distribution and extraction rate are achieved, and we compare the breakthrough curves obtained assuming different models. Our numerical simulations suggest that discrimination among the models on the basis of single-tracer tests is unlikely. A better tool to investigate fracture properties is provided by a gas-tracer test, in which a cocktail of gases with different water solubility is employed. These gases behave as partitioning tracers and allow us to estimate the gas saturation in the fracture. Indeed, by comparison of the residence-time distributions of different gases, we are able to compute a streamline effective saturation, which is an excellent estimate of fracture saturation. In addition, the streamline effective saturation curve contains information that is

  5. Exact ensemble density functional theory for excited states in a model system: Investigating the weight dependence of the correlation energy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deur, Killian; Mazouin, Laurent; Fromager, Emmanuel

    2017-01-01

    Ensemble density functional theory (eDFT) is an exact time-independent alternative to time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT) for the calculation of excitation energies. Despite its formal simplicity and advantages in contrast to TD-DFT (multiple excitations, for example, can be easily taken into account in an ensemble), eDFT is not standard, which is essentially due to the lack of reliable approximate exchange-correlation (x c ) functionals for ensembles. Following Smith et al. [Phys. Rev. B 93, 245131 (2016), 10.1103/PhysRevB.93.245131], we propose in this work to construct an exact eDFT for the nontrivial asymmetric Hubbard dimer, thus providing more insight into the weight dependence of the ensemble x c energy in various correlation regimes. For that purpose, an exact analytical expression for the weight-dependent ensemble exchange energy has been derived. The complementary exact ensemble correlation energy has been computed by means of Legendre-Fenchel transforms. Interesting features like discontinuities in the ensemble x c potential in the strongly correlated limit have been rationalized by means of a generalized adiabatic connection formalism. Finally, functional-driven errors induced by ground-state density-functional approximations have been studied. In the strictly symmetric case or in the weakly correlated regime, combining ensemble exact exchange with ground-state correlation functionals gives better ensemble energies than when calculated with the ground-state exchange-correlation functional. However, when approaching the asymmetric equiensemble in the strongly correlated regime, the former approximation leads to highly curved ensemble energies with negative slope which is unphysical. Using both ground-state exchange and correlation functionals gives much better results in that case. In fact, exact ensemble energies are almost recovered in some density domains. The analysis of density-driven errors is left for future work.

  6. Investigation of the Effect of Noise Correlations on Diversity Gains and Capacities of Multiport Antennas Using Reverberation Chamber

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoming Chen

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Most of previous studies on diversity gains and capacities of multiantenna systems assumed independent and identically distributed (i.i.d. Gaussian noises. There are a few studies about the noise correlation effects on diversity gains or MIMO capacities, however, by simulations only. In this paper, the maximum ratio combining (MRC diversity gain and multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO capacity including correlated noises are presented. Based on the derived formulas, measurements in a reverberation chamber are performed for the first time to observe the effect of noise correlations on diversity gains and MIMO capacities.

  7. CORRELATION INVESTIGATION BETWEEN CONTACT APPROACH SPEED OF HANDHELD METAL ROD AND DISCHARGE PARAMETERS FROM CHARGED HUMAN BODY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ruan Fangming; Fujiwara Osamu; Gao Yougang

    2008-01-01

    Characteristic measurement of contact discharge currents are made through a hand-held metal rod from charged human body. Correlation coefficients are obtained, through Statistic Package for Social Science (SPSS), for various charge voltages, which is based on the effect test of electrode contact approach speeds on discharge current parameters of current peaks, maximum rising slope and spark lengths. Discharge parameters at charge voltage 300V are independent on approach speed. For charge voltages equal to and higher than 500V, the contact approach speed has strong positive correlation with discharge parameters of the peak current and the maximum rising slope, whereas has strong negative correlation with the spark length.

  8. Use of cross-correlation measurements to investigate noise generating regions of a real jet engine and a model jet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meecham, W. C.; Hurdle, P. M.

    1974-01-01

    Cross-correlations are reported of the jet static pressure fluctuations (as measured with a B and K microphone fitted with a nose cone), with the far-field radiated sound pressure. These measurements were made for various probe positions and a large number of far-field positions (at various angles). In addition, the tests were run for a number of different jet exit velocities. The measured, normalized cross-correlation functions vary between 0.004 and 0.155. These values depend upon the angular position of the far-field microphone, the jet exit Mach number, and the position of the probe. In addition, the cross-correlation technique was employed to study the symmetry of the far-field radiated sound about the jet axis. Third-octave analyses of both the probe signal and the far-field radiated sound were made. This is the first time correlation measurements have been made on a jet engine. In addition, a report is given on an extensive noise survey of a model jet. The correlations are related to sound source functions and jet source regions are discussed.

  9. Investigating the Correlation Between Pharmacy Student Performance on the Health Science Reasoning Test and a Critical Thinking Assignment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nornoo, Adwoa O; Jackson, Jonathan; Axtell, Samantha

    2017-03-25

    Objective. To determine whether there is a correlation between pharmacy students' scores on the Health Science Reasoning Test (HSRT) and their grade on a package insert assignment designed to assess critical thinking. Methods. The HSRT was administered to first-year pharmacy students during a critical-thinking course in the spring semester. In the same semester, a required package insert assignment was completed in a pharmacokinetics course. To determine whether there was a relationship between HSRT scores and grades on the assignment, a Spearman's rho correlation test was performed. Results. A very weak but significant positive correlation was found between students' grades on the assignment and their overall HSRT score (r=0.19, passignment to be used as one of the components to measure critical-thinking skills in pharmacy students.

  10. CORRELATION BETWEEN THE DAMPING FACTOR PER UNIT MASS AND THE FREE LENGTH FOR COMPOSITE SANDWICH BARS. EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian-Oliviu BURADA

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we have build some composite sandwich bars in this way: the core is made with polypropylene honeycomb (its thickness is 10, 15 and 20 mm reinforced with 1 layer of carbon fiber (on the sample upper and lower sides. For these samples we have determined, by experimental means, the damping factor per unit mass and per unit length. Then, by using the regression analysis, we have established correlations between the damping factor per unit mass and the bars free length. In order to obtain these correlations, we have considered the next free lengths of the bars: 200, 230, 260, 290, 320, 350.

  11. Development of polaron-transformed explicitly correlated full configuration interaction method for investigation of quantum-confined Stark effect in GaAs quantum dots

    CERN Document Server

    Blanton, Christopher J; Chakraborty, Arindam

    2012-01-01

    The effect of external electric field on electron-hole correlation in GaAs quantum dots is investigated. The electron-hole Schrodinger equation in the presence of external electric field is solved using explicitly correlated full configuration interaction (XCFCI) method and accurate exciton binding energy and electron-hole recombination probability are obtained. The effect of the electric field was included in the 1-particle single component basis functions by performing variational polaron transformation. The quality of the wavefunction at small inter-particle distances was improved by using Gaussian-type geminal function that depended explicitly on the electron-hole separation distance. The parameters of the explicitly correlated function were determined variationally at each field strength. The scaling of total exciton energy, exciton binding energy, and electron-hole recombination probability with respect to the strength of the electric field was investigated. It was found that a 500 kV/cm change in elect...

  12. Investigation of the correlation of serum IL-31 with severity of dermatitis in an experimental model of canine atopic dermatitis using beagle dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marsella, Rosanna; Ahrens, Kim; Sanford, Rachel

    2017-10-06

    IL-31 is a cytokine that is believed to play an important role in atopic dermatitis (AD). IL-31 levels positively correlate with disease severity in children with AD. Currently, there is no study that has investigated such a correlation in atopic dogs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between IL-31 serum levels and severity of dermatitis. It was hypothesized that a positive correlation exists between severity of AD and circulating levels of IL-31. Sixteen atopic beagles experimentally sensitized to house dust mites. Atopic beagles were exposed to dust mites epicutaneously twice weekly for four weeks. Severity of dermatitis was scored by the Canine Atopic Dermatitis and Extent Severity Index, 3(rd) iteration (CADESI-03) on days 0 and 28. Blood samples were taken on days 0 and 28 to measure serum IL-31 using a commercially available ELISA. Correlation between CADESI-03 scores and serum IL-31 levels was not detected on day 0 (Pearson, r = -0.2609, P = 0.3291). After flare-up of dermatitis was induced with allergen exposure, a significant positive correlation was detected between serum IL-31 and CADESI-03 on Day 28 (r = 0.6738, P = 0.004). Positive correlation was detected in active disease between severity of dermatitis and circulating levels of IL-31. Additional studies are needed to investigate this correlation in other breeds of dogs and to test whether circulating levels of IL-31 may predict clinical response to biological agents aimed at IL-31. © 2017 ESVD and ACVD.

  13. Motivational and Cultural Correlates of Second Language Acquisition: An Investigation of International Students in the Universities of the People's Republic of China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Baohua; Watkins, David A.

    2008-01-01

    The present study investigates the relationships among motivational factors, cultural correlates and second language proficiency. The participants, from both Western and Asian backgrounds, were learning Chinese at university level in the People's Republic of China. 115 students (35 Western students and 80 Asian students) ranging from beginning to…

  14. Investigation of electromagnetic properties of BiFeO3 by Time Differential Perturbed Angular Correlation (TDPAC) technique at ISOLDE

    CERN Document Server

    Efe, Ipek

    2017-01-01

    Time differential perturbed angular correlation (TDPAC) technique is one of the most sensitive techniques to study about the electric and magnetic fields at the individual lattice points. It benefits from the hyperfine interactions between the probe atom and its neighborhood. Multiferroic materials have been intensively studied to promote and understand the possibility of controlling magnetic properties by electric fields instead of magnetic fields which opens the path to faster, smaller, and more energy-efficient spintronic devices, such as memory elements, high-frequency magnetic devices, and micro-electro-mechanical systems, for data-storage technologies. BiFeO3 is one of the famous and important multiferroic materials since it shows both antiferromagnetic and ferroelectric behavior at room temperature. In this study, we report on the first time-differential perturbed angular correlation (TDPAC) measurements carried out on polycrystalline BiFeO3 samples using the nuclear probe 181Hf(181Ta) after implantati...

  15. Slow aging dynamics and avalanches in a gold-cadmium alloy investigated by x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, L; Waldorf, M; Gutt, C; Grübel, G; Madsen, A; Finlayson, T R; Klemradt, U

    2011-09-01

    Results of a x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy experiment on the very weakly first order martensitic transformation of a Au50.5Cd49.5 single crystal are presented. Slow non-equilibrium-dynamics are observed in a narrow temperature interval in the direct vicinity of the otherwise athermal phase transformation. These dynamics are associated with the martensite-aging effect. The dynamical aging is accompanied by an avalanchelike behavior which is identified with an incubation-time phenomenon.

  16. Investigation of Junction Properties of CdS/CdTe Solar Cells and their Correlation to Device Properties (Presentation)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dhere, R. G.; Zhang, Y.; Romero, M. J.; Asher, S. E.; Young, M.; To, B.; Noufi, R.; Gessert, T. A.

    2008-05-01

    The objective of the Junction Studies are: (1) understand the nature of the junction in the CdTe/CdS device; (2) correlate the device fabrication parameters to the junction formation; and (3) develop a self consistent device model to explain the device properties. Detailed analysis of CdS/CdTe and SnO{sub 2}/CdTe devices prepared using CSS CdTe is discussed.

  17. Investigating Correlates of Self-Regulation in Early Childhood with a Representative Sample of English-Speaking American Families

    OpenAIRE

    Piotrowski, J.; Lapierre, M.A.; Linebarger, D.L.

    2012-01-01

    Children who possess less self-regulatory skill are at a disadvantage when compared to children who demonstrate greater skill at regulating their emotions, cognitions and behavior. Children with these regulatory deficits have difficulty connecting with peers, generating relationships with teachers, negotiating their social world, and succeeding academically. By understanding the correlates of self-regulatory abilities, interventions can be developed to ensure that children at-risk for poor se...

  18. Exact ensemble density functional theory for excited states in a model system: investigating the weight dependence of the correlation energy

    CERN Document Server

    Deur, Killian; Fromager, Emmanuel

    2016-01-01

    Ensemble density functional theory (eDFT) is an exact time-independent alternative to time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT) for the calculation of excitation energies. Despite its formal simplicity and advantages in contrast to TD-DFT (multiple excitations, for example, can be easily taken into account in an ensemble), eDFT is not standard which is essentially due to the lack of reliable approximate exchange-correlation (xc) functionals for ensembles. Following Burke and coworkers [Phys. Rev. B 93, 245131 (2016)], we propose in this work to construct an exact eDFT for the nontrivial asymmetric Hubbard dimer, thus providing more insight into the weight dependence of the ensemble xc energy in various correlation regimes. For that purpose, an exact analytical expression for the weight-dependent ensemble exchange energy has been derived. The complementary exact ensemble correlation energy has been computed by means of Legendre-Fenchel transforms. Interesting features like discontinuities in the ensemble xc potential in the...

  19. An Investigation on the Correlation between DMFT and OHI- S Indices on 12- Year- Old School Girls in Kashan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.Afshar

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Statement of Problem: DMFT and OHI- S indices are two of the most important quantitative factors, measuring tooth health and oral hygiene, respectively.Propose: The aim of this study was to study of correlation between these indices in 12-year old school girls of Kashan.Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study on the correlation between these indices were carried out on 242, twelve year- old school girls in Kashan and the results, have been presented in this paper.Results: The findings were as follows:Average and standard deviation of decayed, missed and filled teeth were (1.12, 1.5, (0.05,0.25 and (0.28, 0.92, respectively. Average and standard deviation of DMFT was 1.45 and 1.73, respectively, with 45.5 percent of the cases being caries free (DMFT= O. OHI- S index, on the other hand, showed an average of 1.46 with a standard deviation of 0.42.Conclusion: The result of the c2.test, carried out on the measured data, showed no correlation between the DMFT and OHI-S indices.

  20. Siblings of Individuals with Smith-Magenis Syndrome: An Investigation of the Correlates of Positive and Negative Behavioural Traits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moshier, M. S.; York, T. P.; Silberg, J. L.; Elsea, S. H.

    2012-01-01

    Background: Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects approximately one out of 25 000 births worldwide. To date, no research has been conducted to investigate how having an individual with SMS in a family is a positive or negative influence on siblings. Methods: To investigate this question we conducted a study…

  1. Investigation of difficult component effects on finite element model vibration prediction for the Bell AG-1G helicopter. Volume 2: Correlation results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dompka, R. V.

    1989-01-01

    Under the NASA-sponsored DAMVIBS (Design Analysis Methods for VIBrationS) program, a series of ground vibration tests and NASTRAN finite element model (FEM) correlations were conducted on the Bell AH-1G helicopter gunship to investigate the effects of difficult components on the vibration response of the airframe. Previous correlations of the AG-1G showed good agreement between NASTRAN and tests through 15 to 20 Hz, but poor agreement in the higher frequency range of 20 to 30 Hz. Thus, this effort emphasized the higher frequency airframe vibration response correlations and identified areas that need further R and T work. To conduct the investigations, selected difficult components (main rotor pylon, secondary structure, nonstructural doors/panels, landing gear, engine, furl, etc.) were systematically removed to quantify their effects on overall vibratory response of the airframe. The entire effort was planned and documented, and the results reviewed by NASA and industry experts in order to ensure scientific control of the testing, analysis, and correlation exercise. In particular, secondary structure and damping had significant effects on the frequency response of the airframe above 15 Hz. Also, the nonlinear effects of thrust stiffening and elastomer mounts were significant on the low frequency pylon modes below main rotor 1p (5.4 Hz). The results of the NASTRAN FEM correlations are given.

  2. Structural investigation of room-temperature ionic liquids and high-temperature ionic melts using triplet correlation functions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhabal, Debdas; Gupta, Aditya; Kashyap, Hemant K.

    2017-03-01

    We use means of molecular dynamics simulation to understand the local structural arrangements in three trihexyltetradecylphosphonium (P6,6,6 ,14 +) based room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) by using triplet correlation functions (TCFs) along with pair correlation functions (PCFs) and X-ray scattering structure functions (S(q)s). The anions in these RTILs are either spherically symmetric but with different effective sizes (bromide (Br-) and tetrafluoroborate (BF4-)) or angular such as dicyanamide (DCA-). The simulated PCFs, S(q)s, and TCFs of the three RTILs have been compared with three high-temperature ionic melts (HTIMs); NaBr, NaCl, and NaF. In general, the pair correlation function gives angle-averaged probability as a function of inter-particle distance whereas the TCFs associated with equilateral and isosceles triangle configurations can be used to delineate angle-resolved information of liquids structure within nearest solvation shells. For the three ionic liquids studied, a very careful examination of co-ionic and counter-ionic TCFs associated with the equilateral triangular configuration within the nearest solvation shells of the ions reveals that co-ions (cat-cat-cat and an-an-an) favor close-packed local arrangement, but with lower probability for the DCA- RTIL. Co-ionic and counter-ionic TCFs obtained for HTIMs are found to be similar to that of RTILs with spherical anions. The TCFs associated with the isosceles triangle configuration signify that the ionic liquid with Br- anions tends to exhibit larger anion-cation-anion angle than that in the other two RTILs. Moreover, diffused counter-ionic angular correlations are observed in the DCA- system. We also observed angle-dependent charge ordering in all the three RTILs although its extent is enhanced for RTILs with spherical anions, very similar to what we find for NaBr, NaCl, and NaF melts. This study suggests that the presence of charge ordering is a generic feature of both the RTILs and HTIMs.

  3. Correlative Ultratructural Investigations of Airway Epithelium Following Experimental Exposure to Defined Air Pollutants and Lifestyle Exposure to Tobacco Smoke

    Science.gov (United States)

    Context: Investigations of cell/molecular level effects of in vivo exposure of airway mucosa of experimental animals to common irritant gases have demonstrated structural and physiological changes reflective of breaches in epithelial barrier function, presence of inflammatory cel...

  4. Neural correlates of aversive conditioning: development of a functional imaging paradigm for the investigation of anxiety disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinhardt, Isabelle; Jansen, Andreas; Kellermann, Thilo; Schüppen, André; Kohn, Nils; Gerlach, Alexander L; Kircher, Tilo

    2010-09-01

    The purpose of the present study was to establish a short paradigm for the examination of classical aversive conditioning processes for application in patients with anxiety disorders. We measured behavioral, autonomic and neural correlates of the paradigm in healthy subjects, applying functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and measurement of skin conductance. Therefore, neutral visual stimuli were paired with an unpleasant white noise as unconditioned stimulus. Twenty healthy subjects performed three experimental phases of learning: familiarization, acquisition and extinction. Subjective ratings of valence and arousal after each phase of conditioning as well as skin conductance measurement indicated successful conditioning. During acquisition, fMRI results showed increased activation for the conditioned stimulus (CS+(unpaired)) when compared with the non-conditioned stimulus (CS-) in the right amygdala, the insulae, the anterior cingulate cortex and the parahippocampal gyrus, all regions known to be involved in emotional processing. In addition, a linearly decreasing activation in the right amygdala/hippocampus for the CS- across the acquisition phase was found. There were no significant differences between CS+ and CS- during extinction. In conclusion, the applicability of this paradigm for the evaluation of neural correlates in conditioning and extinction processes has been proven. Thus, we present a promising paradigm for the examination of the fear-circuit in patients with anxiety disorders and additionally effects of cognitive-behavioral interventions.

  5. Correlational investigation of ‘Burnout’ and the perceived ‘Professional Identify' by nursing students in Chinese colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Han Qing

    2016-01-01

    Professional identity plays an important role in undergraduates’ learning and development of academic ability and professional skills. The current study examined the relationship between Students’ Burnout and Professional Identity in undergraduates majored in nursing. The hypothesis is that the Professional Identity of nurse,as perceived by nursing students in college,influences their burnout rates. The student tested 140 undergraduate students from South Medical University,China. Results showed that:(1)The majority of nursing students displayed a medium level of perceived professional identity of nurse,and few of them displayed a high level,but none displayed a low level. The score of professional knowledge and emotion are both low. Professional skills and professional expectations received higher scores.(2) Nursing students showed a high score in Student Burnout,as characterized by depression and low personal accomplishment. However,as nursing students are a female-dominate group,in real life circumstances,young females are faced with more stress than young males;in the advent of troubles,young females are more likely to develop tension,anxiety,and other negative emotions.(3)Bivariate correlation analysis shows that there is signifi cant negative correlation between professional identity and student burnout.

  6. Further investigation on potassium-induced conformation transition of Nephila spidroin film with two-dimensional infrared correlation spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Xianneng; Shao, Zhengzhong; Chen, Xin; Knight, David P; Wu, Peiyi; Vollrath, Fritz

    2005-01-01

    We used two-dimensional (2D) correlation infrared spectroscopy to study further the potassium-induced conformation transition in Nephila spidroin films. It provided increased resolution and important new information on the sequence of events in the conformation transition process, showing that beta-sheet formed from the helical component before they formed from random coil. It also showed more evidence that formation of the 1691 cm(-1) (turn/bend) peak did not proceed with the same kinetics as the 1620 cm(-1) (antiparallel beta-sheet component) one, so we attribute the 1691 cm(-1) peak to turns which formed with different kinetics as the antiparallel beta-sheets. We present a single coherent and detailed hypothesis for the assembly and secondary structural transition of silk proteins in vivo and in vitro based on our findings and on evidence from other laboratories.

  7. Correlation of morphologic and pathologic features of the various tendon groups around the ankle: MR imaging investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabral, Pedro; Paulino, Cláudia; Takahashi, Rogério; Clopton, Paul; Resnick, Donald

    2013-10-01

    To determine if a statistical association exists between abnormalities in one ankle tendon group (i.e., peroneal, medial flexor, or Achilles) and those in another. A retrospective analysis of 1.5-T and 3-T MR ankle examinations in 100 patients conducted between November 1, 2011 and April 1, 2012 was performed. The cross-sectional areas and diameters of the ankle tendons-Achilles (ACH), peroneus brevis (PB) and longus (PL), tibialis posterior (TP), flexor digitorum longus (FDL), and flexor hallux longus (FHL)-were measured, and the results were correlated to determine any association with the presence of qualitative abnormalities (tenosynovitis, tendinosis, and tendon tearing). Subjects with larger diameters of the ACH tendon also revealed larger PL, TP, FDL, and FHL tendon diameters and sectional areas. Furthermore, subjects with larger PL tendons generally revealed larger flexor tendons and the same was also true when medial compartment tendons were individually assessed and measurements compared among the three of them. There was a statistically significant association with regard to the presence of tendon abnormalities (tendinosis, tenosynovitis, and tearing) in both the peroneal and medial flexor tendons. The presence of an abnormality in the ACH tendon correlated strongly with increasing diameters and areas of all the other ankle tendons except for the PB tendon. There is an association between quantitative and qualitative abnormalities of one group of tendons when compared with the others with respect to the ACH, medial flexor, and peroneal tendons of the ankle, which is perhaps explained by a retinacular and fascial complex that anatomically connects the three groups.

  8. A quantitative correlational investigation of the definition of key decision variables used for the determination of wind energy systems' feasibility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Kathleen M.

    Several factors are critical in determining if a wind farm has a high probability of success. These factors include wind energy potential or wind class, sales price, cost of the wind energy generated, market for selling the wind, capacity factor or efficiency of the turbines, capital investment cost, debt and financing, and governmental factors such as taxes and incentives. This research studied the critical factors of thirty-three land based wind farms in the United States with over 20 mega-watts (MW) of capacity that have become operational since 1999. The goal was to develop a simple yet effective decision model using the critical factors to predict an internal rate of return (IRR) and the impact of having a tax credit to supplement the revenue stream. The study found that there are five critical factors that are significantly correlated with the internal rate of return (IRR) of a wind farm project. The critical factors are wind potential or wind class, cost of the wind energy generated, capacity factor or efficiency of the wind turbines, cost of capital investment, and the existence of a federal production tax credit (PTC). The decision model was built using actual wind farm data and industry standards whereby a score from zero to one hundred was coded for each of values except for the production tax credit. Since all the projects qualified for the production tax credit prior to their start up, it was no longer a variable. However, without the presence of this tax credit, the data imply that the projects would not be profitable within the first ten to fifteen years of operation. The scores for each of the categories were totaled and regressed against a calculated internal rate of return. There was ninety-seven percent correlation which was supported by simulation analysis. While this model is not intended to supplant rigorous accounting and financial study, it will help quickly determine if a site has potential and save many hours of analytical work.

  9. Investigation of the correlation between stoichiometry and thermoelectric properties in a PtSb2 single crystal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergaard, Martin; Christensen, Mogens; Bjerg, Lasse

    2012-01-01

    The thermoelectric properties of a PtSb2 single crystal containing a stoichiometric gradient were investigated. The gradient was produced by employing a Stockbarger synthesis technique. The gradient was observed through the use of spatial resolved Seebeck coefficient measurements and verified uti...

  10. Investigation of biodistribution behavior of platinum particles in mice: Correlation between inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy and X-ray scanning analytical microscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abe, Shigeaki, E-mail: sabe@den.hokudai.ac.jp [Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo (Japan); Koyama, Chika; Mutoh, Mami [Faculty of Dental Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo (Japan); Akasaka, Tsukasa [Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo (Japan); Uo, Motohiro [Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo (Japan); Watari, Fumio [Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo (Japan)

    2012-12-01

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We investigated the biodistribution of platinum microparticles in mice. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The biodistribution behavior was observed using inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP) and scanning X-ray analytical microscopy (XSAM). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The administered particles quickly reached in spleen, liver and lung with constant ration. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We also estimated the correlation ship between XSAM and ICP measurement. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The relative ratio of XSAM intensity showed highly correlation with the relative ratio of Pt concentration in organs. - Abstract: In this study, we investigated the biodistribution of platinum (Pt) microparticles in mice. The particles were administered through the tail vein, and then the biodistribution behavior was observed using inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP) and scanning X-ray analytical microscopy (XSAM). The administered particles quickly reached the spleen, liver, and lung at a constant ratio, and the ratio remained constant for four weeks. We also estimated the correlation between XSAM and ICP measurement. The relative ratio of XSAM intensity showed strong correlation with the relative ratio of Pt concentration in organs.

  11. Correlation of quantity of dental students' clinical experiences with faculty evaluation of overall clinical competence: a twenty-two-year retrospective investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spector, Michael; Holmes, David C; Doering, John V

    2008-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between the quantity of a student's clinical experiences in the final year of dental school and the student's overall clinical competence at graduation, as evaluated by faculty at the University of Iowa College of Dentistry. Further, the authors sought to determine whether this correlation changed over time, as new generations of students come to dental school. Information including year of graduation, age at graduation, final grade in the course Clinical Competencies in Comprehensive Care, and final total Clinical Experience Units (CEUs) earned by each student in the D4 Family Dentistry Clinic was collected for 1987-2008 graduates of the University of Iowa College of Dentistry. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient (r(s)) was computed for the association of final clinical course grade and final CEU total for each graduation year. The correlation between final course grade and final CEU total was variable, ranging from moderately strong (r(s)=0.614, Class of 1991) to negligible (r(s)=-0.013, Class of 2008). This correlation generally tended to become weaker over time. The results of this study suggest that the terminal quality of a dental student's work is not solely a function of repetitions of prescribed procedures and that repetition of procedures may have even less influence on the quality of clinical performance for the new generation of dental students.

  12. Correlative Cryo-Tem Cryo-Stxm and Cryo-Shxm Investigation of Selenium Bioreduction in a Contaminated Aquifer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fakra, S.; Luef, B.; Tyliszczak, T.; Castelle, C. J.; Mullin, S. W.; Hug, L. A.; Williams, K. H.; Marcus, M.; Banfield, J. F.

    2015-12-01

    Accurate mapping of the composition and ultrastructure of minerals and cells is key to understanding biogeochemical process in contaminated environments. Here we developed two apparatus that allow correlation of cryogenic transmission electron microscopy (TEM), synchrotron hard X-ray microprobe (SHXM) and scanning transmission X-ray microscopy (STXM) datasets. These cryogenic methods enabled precise determination of the distribution, valence state and structure of selenium in intact biofilms sampled during a biostimulation experiment in a contaminated aquifer near Rifle, CO, USA. Results were replicated in the laboratory via anaerobic selenate-reducing enrichment cultures. 16S rRNA analyses of field-derived biofilm indicated the dominance of Betaproteobacteria from the Comamonadaceae family, and uncultivated members of the Simplicispira genus. The major product in field and culture-derived biofilms consists of ~25-300 nm red amorphous Se0 aggregates of colloidal nanoparticles. Correlative analyses of the cultures provided direct evidence for microbial dissimilatory reduction of Se(VI) to Se(IV) to Se0. X-ray diffraction and Se K-edge extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy revealed red amorphous Se0 with a first shell Se-Se interatomic distance of 2.339 ± 0.003 Å. STXM showed that these aggregates are strongly associated with a protein-rich biofilm matrix containing acidic polysaccharides. From Rifle groundwater, we isolated a strain that shares 98.9% 16S rRNA gene sequence identity with Dechloromonas aromatica RCB and grows anaerobically by oxidizing acetate and reducing selenate. We refer to this isolate as Dechloromonas selenatis strain RGW99. 3D cryo-electron tomography showed that Se0 particles do not form inside the cytoplasm but rather originate in the cell membrane. The end product of selenate reduction by D. selenatis is 240 ± 66 nm diameter red amorphous Se0 colloidal aggregates. This product was found to be stable for months. Overall

  13. Development and Application of Explicitly Correlated Wave Function Based Methods for the Investigation of Optical Properties of Semiconductor Nanomaterials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elward, Jennifer Mary

    Semiconductor nanoparticles, or quantum dots (QDs), are well known to have very unique optical and electronic properties. These properties can be controlled and tailored as a function of several influential factors, including but not limited to the particle size and shape, effect of composition and heterojunction as well as the effect of ligand on the particle surface. This customizable nature leads to extensive experimental and theoretical research on the capabilities of these quantum dots for many application purposes. However, in order to be able to understand and thus further the development of these materials, one must first understand the fundamental interaction within these nanoparticles. In this thesis, I have developed a theoretical method which is called electron-hole explicitly correlated Hartee-Fock (eh-XCHF). It is a variational method for solving the electron-hole Schrodinger equation and has been used in this work to study electron-hole interaction in semiconductor quantum dots. The method was benchmarked with respect to a parabolic quantum dot system, and ground state energy and electron-hole recombination probability were computed. Both of these properties were found to be in good agreement with expected results. Upon successful benchmarking, I have applied the eh-XCHF method to study optical properties of several quantum dot systems including the effect of dot size on exciton binding energy and recombination probability in a CdSe quantum dot, the effect of shape on a CdSe quantum dot, the effect of heterojunction on a CdSe/ZnS quantum dot and the effect of quantum dot-biomolecule interaction within a CdSe-firefly Luciferase protein conjugate system. As metrics for assessing the effect of these influencers on the electron-hole interaction, the exciton binding energy, electron-hole recombination probability and the average electron-hole separation distance have been computed. These excitonic properties have been found to be strongly infuenced by the

  14. Investigation of the Material Basis Underlying the Correlation between Presbycusis and Kidney Deficiency in Traditional Chinese Medicine via GC/MS Metabolomics

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Objective. To investigate the correlation between presbycusis and kidney deficiency as defined by traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and its material basis from the perspective of metabolism. Methods. Pure-tone audiometry was used to test auditory function. A kidney deficiency symptom scoring table was used to measure the kidney deficiency accumulated scores of the research subjects. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) was used to measure the metabolites in the urine samples from 11 ...

  15. Investigation of Surface Roughness of Single Point Diamond Turned Germanium Substrate by Coherence Correlation Interferometry and Image Processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Shivani; Khatri, Neha; Karar, Vinod; Dhami, S. S.

    2016-09-01

    Germanium is a widely used material in the infrared range. Single crystal germanium is used as semiconductor and optical material due to its salient features like high refractive index and proper working in cryogenic conditions. Thus, germanium is an important substrate for infrared lens having many applications in thermal imaging cameras, optical telescopes and miniaturization of infrared optical elements. These applications require optical elements of excellent surface quality and high dimensional accuracy. In addition to fulfil the demands, ultraprecision machine is used to fabricate the optical components. In this work, single crystal germanium (111) mirror is fabricated by using single point diamond tool with, negative rake angle. A large number of experiments are performed to achieve the surface finish of nanometric range. The best and worst combinations of process parameters are found on the basis of surface roughness with the help of coherence correlation interferometry(CCI) measurement and image processing using Canny, Prewitt, Roberts and Sobel edge filters and histogram. These results can be used for fabrication of diffractive optical elements and aspheric lenses of germanium.

  16. Correlative theoretical and experimental investigation of the formation of AlYB{sub 14} and competing phases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hunold, Oliver, E-mail: hunold@mch.rwth-aachen.de; Chen, Yen-Ting; Music, Denis; Baben, Moritz to; Achenbach, Jan-Ole; Keuter, Philipp; Schneider, Jochen M. [Materials Chemistry, RWTH Aachen University, Kopernikusstr. 10, D-52074 Aachen (Germany); Persson, Per O. Å. [Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM), Linköping University, S-58183 Linköping (Sweden); Primetzhofer, Daniel [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, S-75120 Uppsala (Sweden)

    2016-02-28

    The phase formation in the boron-rich section of the Al-Y-B system has been explored by a correlative theoretical and experimental research approach. The structure of coatings deposited via high power pulsed magnetron sputtering from a compound target was studied using elastic recoil detection analysis, electron energy loss spectroscopy spectrum imaging, as well as X-ray and electron diffraction data. The formation of AlYB{sub 14} together with the (Y,Al)B{sub 6} impurity phase, containing 1.8 at. % less B than AlYB{sub 14}, was observed at a growth temperature of 800 °C and hence 600 °C below the bulk synthesis temperature. Based on quantum mechanical calculations, we infer that minute compositional variations within the film may be responsible for the formation of both icosahedrally bonded AlYB{sub 14} and cubic (Y,Al)B{sub 6} phases. These findings are relevant for synthesis attempts of all boron rich icosahedrally bonded compounds with the space group: Imma that form ternary phases at similar compositions.

  17. Investigation of the coplanar barrier discharge in synthetic air at atmospheric pressure by cross-correlation spectroscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoder, T [Department of Physical Electronics, Masaryk University, Kotlarska 2, Brno 611 37 (Czech Republic); SIra, M [Department of Physical Electronics, Masaryk University, Kotlarska 2, Brno 611 37 (Czech Republic); Kozlov, K V [Institute of Physics, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt University, Felix-Hausdorff-Str. 6, D-17489 Greifswald (Germany); Wagner, H-E [Institute of Physics, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt University, Felix-Hausdorff-Str. 6, D-17489 Greifswald (Germany)

    2008-02-07

    The barrier discharge in the coplanar arrangement operating in a single-filament mode was studied spectroscopically. The evolution of the discharge luminosity was measured by the technique of cross-correlation spectroscopy. The 1D-spatially and temporally resolved luminosities of the first negative (at 391.5 nm) and the second positive (at 337.1 nm) system of molecular nitrogen were recorded using the above-mentioned technique. A cathode-directed ionizing wave (IW) was clearly seen on the plot for radiation intensity at 337.1 nm. In addition to this, also observed was a wave of the enhanced electric field propagating over the anode. In this paper, the propagation of these waves is described and their velocities are determined. The discharge evolution is divided into three phases-the Townsend phase, the phase of the IWs propagation and the extinction phase. Since the above-mentioned luminosity distributions could be interpreted approximately as the electric field (for 391.5 nm) and the electron density (for 337.1 nm) distribution, the qualitative description of the discharge is made accordingly. All these parameters are compared with similar measurements of the volume discharge. Apart from this, an attempt to determine the reduced electric field is made according to the kinetic model.

  18. Investigating Hydrophilic Pores in Model Lipid Bilayers Using Molecular Simulations: Correlating Bilayer Properties with Pore-Formation Thermodynamics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Yuan; Sinha, Sudipta Kumar; Patel, Sandeep

    2015-06-23

    Cell-penetrating and antimicrobial peptides show a remarkable ability to translocate across physiological membranes. Along with factors such as electric-potential-induced perturbations of membrane structure and surface tension effects, experiments invoke porelike membrane configurations during the solute transfer process into vesicles and cells. The initiation and formation of pores are associated with a nontrivial free-energy cost, thus necessitating a consideration of the factors associated with pore formation and the attendant free energies. Because of experimental and modeling challenges related to the long time scales of the translocation process, we use umbrella sampling molecular dynamics simulations with a lipid-density-based order parameter to investigate membrane-pore-formation free energy employing Martini coarse-grained models. We investigate structure and thermodynamic features of the pore in 18 lipids spanning a range of headgroups, charge states, acyl chain lengths, and saturation. We probe the dependence of pore-formation barriers on the area per lipid, lipid bilayer thickness, and membrane bending rigidities in three different lipid classes. The pore-formation free energy in pure bilayers and peptide translocating scenarios are significantly coupled with bilayer thickness. Thicker bilayers require more reversible work to create pores. The pore-formation free energy is higher in peptide-lipid systems than in peptide-free lipid systems due to penalties to maintain the solvation of charged hydrophilic solutes within the membrane environment.

  19. Preliminary investigation of plasma levels of sex hormones and human growth factor(s, and P300 latency as correlates to cognitive decline as a function of gender

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kerner Mallory M

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Aging is marked by declines in levels of many sex hormones and growth factors, as well as in cognitive function. The P300 event-related potential has been established as a predictor of cognitive decline. We decided to determine if this measure, as well as 2 standard tests of memory and attention, may be correlated with serum levels of sex hormones and growth factors, and if there are any generalizations that could be made based on these parameters and the aging process. Findings In this large clinically based preliminary study several sex-stratified associations between hormone levels and cognition were observed, including (1 for males aged 30 to 49, both IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 significantly associated negatively with prolonged P300 latency; (2 for males aged 30 to 49, the spearman correlation between prolonged P300 latency and low free testosterone was significant; (3 for males aged 60 to 69, there was a significant negative correlation between P300 latency and DHEA levels; (4 for females aged 50 to 59 IGFBP-3 significantly associated negatively with prolonged P300 latency; (5 for females at all age periods, estrogen and progesterone were uncorrelated with P300 latency; and (6 for females aged 40 to 69, there was significant negative correlation between DHEA levels and P300 latency. Moreover there were no statistically significant correlations between any hormone and Wechsler Memory Scale-III (WMS-111. However, in females, there was a significant positive correlation between estrogen levels and the number of Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD complaints. Conclusion Given certain caveats including confounding factors involving psychiatric and other chronic diseases as well as medications, the results may still have important value. If these results could be confirmed in a more rigorously controlled investigation, it may have important value in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of cognitive impairments and decline.

  20. An empirical investigation on Cu/Ethylene Glycol nanofluid through a concentric annular tube and proposing a correlation for predicting Nusselt number

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Jafarimoghaddam

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The investigation indicates an experimental study on the convective heat transfer of Cu/Ethylene Glycol nanofluid flow inside a concentric annular tube with constant heat flux boundary condition and proposes a novel correlation for the prediction of Nusselt number. For extending the previous study by Jafarimoghaddam et al., we selected the nanoparticles with the average size of 20 nm and also other conditions of the experiment are based on Jafarimoghaddam et al. (2016 [1]. The applied nanofluid was prepared by Electrical Explosion of Wire technique with no accumulation during the experiment. The tube was heated using an electrical heating coil covered it. The effects of different parameters such as flow Reynolds number and nanofluid particle concentration on heat transfer coefficient are studied. The acquired experimental data were used to establish a correlation for predicting Nusselt number of nanofluid flow inside the annular tube. This correlation has been presented by using the exponential regression analysis and least square method. Correlation is valid for Cu/Base Ethylene Glycol nanofluid flow with the volume concentrations between 0.011 and 0.171 in the hydrodynamically fully developed laminar flow regime with Re < 160 which is most applicable in micro heat sinks.

  1. On the theory of the proton dipolar-correlation effect as a method for investigation of segmental displacement in polymer melts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lozovoi, A.; Petrova, L.; Mattea, C.; Stapf, S.; Rössler, E. A.; Fatkullin, N.

    2017-08-01

    A thorough theoretical description of the recently suggested method [A. Lozovoi et al. J. Chem. Phys. 144, 241101 (2016)] based on the proton NMR dipolar-correlation effect allowing for the investigation of segmental diffusion in polymer melts is presented. It is shown that the initial rise of the proton dipolar-correlation build-up function, constructed from Hahn Echo signals measured at times t and t/2, contains additive contributions from both inter- and intramolecular magnetic dipole-dipole interactions. The intermolecular contribution depends on the relative mean-squared displacement of polymer segments from different macromolecules, which provides an opportunity for an experimental study of segmental translational motions at the millisecond range that falls outside the typical range accessible by other methods, i.e., neutron scattering or NMR spin echo with the magnetic field gradients. A comparison with the other two proton NMR methods based on transverse spin relaxation phenomena, i.e., solid echo and double quantum resonance, shows that the initial rise of the build-up functions in all the discussed methods is essentially identical and differs only in numerical coefficients. In addition, it is argued that correlation functions constructed in the same manner as the dipolar-correlation build-up function can be applied for an experimental determination of a mean relaxation rate in the case of systems possessing multi-exponential magnetization decay.

  2. Using fMRI to investigate a component process of reflection: prefrontal correlates of refreshing a just-activated representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Marcia K; Raye, Carol L; Mitchell, Karen J; Greene, Erich J; Cunningham, William A; Sanislow, Charles A

    2005-09-01

    Using fMRI, we investigated the functional organization of prefrontal cortex (PFC) as participants briefly thought of a single just-experienced item (i.e., refreshed an active representation). The results of six studies, and a meta-analysis including previous studies, identified regions in left dorsolateral, anterior, and ventrolateral PFC associated in varying degrees with refreshing different types of information (visual and auditory words, drawings, patterns, people, places, or locations). In addition, activity increased in anterior cingulate with selection demands and in orbitofrontal cortex when a nonselected item was emotionally salient, consistent with a role for these areas in cognitive control (e.g., overcoming "mental rubbernecking"). We also found evidence that presenting emotional information disrupted an anterior component of the refresh circuit. We suggest that refreshing accounts for some neural activity observed in more complex tasks, such as working memory, long-term memory, and problem solving, and that its disruption (e.g., from aging or emotion) could have a broad impact.

  3. Investigation on positive correlation of increased brain iron deposition with cognitive impairment in Alzheimer disease by using quantitative MR R2' mapping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qin, Yuanyuan; Zhu, Wenzhen; Zhan, Chuanjia; Zhao, Lingyun; Wang, Jianzhi; Tian, Qing; Wang, Wei

    2011-08-01

    Brain iron deposition has been proposed to play an important role in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer disease (AD). The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation of brain iron accumulation with the severity of cognitive impairment in patients with AD by using quantitative MR relaxation rate R2' measurements. Fifteen patients with AD, 15 age- and sex-matched healthy controls, and 30 healthy volunteers underwent 1.5T MR multi-echo T2 mapping and T2* mapping for the measurement of transverse relaxation rate R2' (R2'=R2*-R2). We statistically analyzed the R2' and iron concentrations of bilateral hippocampus (HP), parietal cortex (PC), frontal white matter (FWM), putamen (PU), caudate nucleus (CN), thalamus (TH), red nucleus (RN), substantia nigra (SN), and dentate nucleus (DN) of the cerebellum for the correlation with the severity of dementia. Two-tailed t-test, Student-Newman-Keuls test (ANOVA) and linear correlation test were used for statistical analysis. In 30 healthy volunteers, the R2' values of bilateral SN, RN, PU, CN, globus pallidus (GP), TH, and FWM were measured. The correlation with the postmortem iron concentration in normal adults was analyzed in order to establish a formula on the relationship between regional R2' and brain iron concentration. The iron concentration of regions of interest (ROI) in AD patients and controls was calculated by this formula and its correlation with the severity of AD was analyzed. Regional R2' was positively correlated with regional brain iron concentration in normal adults (r=0.977, PIron concentrations in bilateral HP, PC, PU, CN, and DN of patients with AD were significantly higher than those of the controls (Piron concentrations, especially in parietal cortex and hippocampus at the early stage of AD, were positively correlated with the severity of patients' cognitive impairment (Piron concentrations were, the more severe the cognitive impairment was. Regional R2' and iron concentration in parietal cortex and

  4. A Rapid Evaluation of Activity in Lupus (LFA-REAL(™) ) Correlates with More Complex Disease Activity Instruments Whether Evaluated by Clinical Investigators or Real-World Clinicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Askanase, Anca D; Nguyen, Samantha C; Costenbader, Karen; Lim, S Sam; Kamen, Diane; Aranow, Cynthia; Grossman, Jennifer; Kapoor, Teja M; Baker-Frost, DeAnna; Aberle, Teresa; Thanou-Stavraki, Aikaterini; Hanrahan, Leslie M; Kim, Mimi; Merrill, Joan T

    2017-10-09

    Lupus disease measures such as the SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI) and the British Isles Lupus Assessment Group (BILAG) Index are challenging to interpret. The Lupus Foundation of America-Rapid Evaluation of Activity in Lupus (LFA-REAL) is intended to provide an efficient application of anchored visual analogue scores, each representing the individual severity of active symptoms, with the sum of individual scores deriving an overall disease activity assessment. To compare the performance of LFA-REAL to SLE disease activity assessments and compare scores between trained lupus clinical investigators and clinicians. Investigators scored the SLEDAI, BILAG, PGA, and LFA-REAL, while the clinicians scored the LFA-REAL. The level of agreement between physicians and instruments was determined. The study included 99 patients, 93% women, 31% Caucasian, 43.4 (±13.2) years old. At the first visit, the SLEDAI was 5.5 (±4.5), BILAG 6.7 (±7.8), and PGA 33.6 (±24.5). The investigator REAL was 46.2 (±42.9), and clinician REAL 56.1 (±53.6). At the second visit, the investigator REAL was 41.3 (±36.7), and clinician REAL 48.3 (±42.6). Total REAL scores correlated positively with PGA, SLEDAI, and BILAG (ρ 0.58-0.88, p 0.7 for musculoskeletal, mucocutaneous, and renal BILAG domains. The intra-class correlation coefficient between the REAL scores of investigators and clinicians was 0.79 for Visit1 (p < 0.001) and 0.86 for Visit2 (p < 0.001). The LFA-REAL provides a reliable surrogate for more complicated disease activity measures when used by lupus clinical investigators or clinicians. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  5. An Investigation into the Correlations between Students' Written Responses to Lecture-Tutorial Questions and their Understandings of Key Astrophysics Concepts

    CERN Document Server

    Eckenrode, Jeffrey W; Wallace, Colin S

    2015-01-01

    This paper reports on an investigation into the correlations between students' understandings of introductory astronomy concepts and the correctness and coherency of their written responses to targeted Lecture-Tutorial questions. We assessed the correctness and coherency of responses from 454 college-level, general education, introductory astronomy students enrolled in courses taught in the spring of 2010, 2011, and 2012. We hypothesized that students who consistently provided responses with high levels of correctness and coherency would outperform students who did not on multiple measures of astronomy content knowledge. We compared students' correctness and coherency scores to their normalized gains on the Light and Spectroscopy Concept Inventory (LSCI) and to their scores on closely-related exam items. Our analysis revealed that no significant correlations exist between students' correctness and coherency scores and their LSCI gain scores or exam item scores. However, the participant group in our study did ...

  6. Investigation of the Material Basis Underlying the Correlation between Presbycusis and Kidney Deficiency in Traditional Chinese Medicine via GC/MS Metabolomics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Dong

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To investigate the correlation between presbycusis and kidney deficiency as defined by traditional Chinese medicine (TCM and its material basis from the perspective of metabolism. Methods. Pure-tone audiometry was used to test auditory function. A kidney deficiency symptom scoring table was used to measure the kidney deficiency accumulated scores of the research subjects. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS was used to measure the metabolites in the urine samples from 11 presbycusis patients and 9 elderly people with normal hearing. Results. Hearing loss in the elderly was positively correlated with kidney deficiency score in TCM. There were significant differences in urine metabolite profile between the presbycusis patients and the controls. A total of 23 differentially expressed metabolites were found. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG pathway analysis showed that these metabolites were related to glutathione metabolism, amino acid metabolism, glucose metabolism, the N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA receptor pathway, and the γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA receptor pathway. Conclusion. Glutathione metabolism, amino acid metabolism, glucose metabolism, NMDA receptors, and GABA receptors may be related to the pathogenesis of presbycusis and may be the material basis underlying the correlation between presbycusis and kidney deficiency in TCM.

  7. Investigation of the Material Basis Underlying the Correlation between Presbycusis and Kidney Deficiency in Traditional Chinese Medicine via GC/MS Metabolomics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Yang; Ding, Yue; Liu, Pu-Zhao; Song, Hai-Yan; Zhao, Yu-Ping; Li, Ming; Shi, Jian-Rong

    2013-01-01

    Objective. To investigate the correlation between presbycusis and kidney deficiency as defined by traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and its material basis from the perspective of metabolism. Methods. Pure-tone audiometry was used to test auditory function. A kidney deficiency symptom scoring table was used to measure the kidney deficiency accumulated scores of the research subjects. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) was used to measure the metabolites in the urine samples from 11 presbycusis patients and 9 elderly people with normal hearing. Results. Hearing loss in the elderly was positively correlated with kidney deficiency score in TCM. There were significant differences in urine metabolite profile between the presbycusis patients and the controls. A total of 23 differentially expressed metabolites were found. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis showed that these metabolites were related to glutathione metabolism, amino acid metabolism, glucose metabolism, the N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptor pathway, and the γ -aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor pathway. Conclusion. Glutathione metabolism, amino acid metabolism, glucose metabolism, NMDA receptors, and GABA receptors may be related to the pathogenesis of presbycusis and may be the material basis underlying the correlation between presbycusis and kidney deficiency in TCM.

  8. Investigation of neural correlates between perception of pain and hemodynamic response measured in the pre-frontal cortex using functional near infra-red spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krishnamurthy, Venkatagiri

    Perception of pain is multi-dimensional, comprising three major psychological dimensions: sensory-discriminative, motivational-affective and cognitive-evaluative. This dissertation study investigates the cognitive evaluation of pain, by acquiring functional Near Infra-Red Spectroscopic (fNIRS) measurements from the prefrontal cortex (PFC) areas, during mechanical and thermal pain stimulation induced on the subject's volar forearm. Clustered-wise analysis on the oxy-hemoglobin (HbO) response from specific PFC areas was followed by categorizing the resulting HbO response into early (0.1--12sec) and late (12.1--25sec) phases. For each respective phase, regression analysis was carried between the HbO-derived parameters and behaviorally measured pain rating. The major findings of this study include: (1) across both 41°C and 48°C thermal stimulation, significant DeltaHbO deactivation was observed during the late phase, in the left hemispheric (LH) anterior PFC (aPFC) or Brodmann area 10 (BA 10). (2) Significant correlates of pain rating were observed in the LH prefrontal areas: (a) under mechanical stimulation, early phase HbO-derived peak intensity (PI) from LH aPFC correlated with the pain rating. (b) Under both 41°C and 48°C thermal stimulation, late phase HbO-derived PI from the LH dorsolateral PFC (DLPFC or BA 46) showed correlation with the pain rating. (3) The significant correlates observed from the right hemispheric (RH) PFC were: (a) under mechanical stimulation, early phase HbO-derived FWHM from the RH aPFC correlated with the pain rating. (b) Under 41°C thermal stimulation, late phase HbO-derived PI from the RH DLPFC area correlated with the pain rating. (4) The late phase HbO-derived time to peak from LH aPFC reflected cognitive discrimination of two different pain levels (41°C and 48°C). The observed trend for DeltaHbO activation and deactivation could possibly be due to synaptic-induced vasodilation and vasoconstriction leading to increased or

  9. Investigation and correlation of physical stability, dissolution behaviour and interaction parameter of amorphous solid dispersions of telmisartan: a drug development perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dukeck, R; Sieger, P; Karmwar, P

    2013-07-16

    The aim of this study was to investigate if amorphous solid dispersions of telmisartan, prepared in presence of different polymers, exhibit different structural and thermodynamic characteristics and whether these differences can be correlated to their physical stability (time to crystallisation) and dissolution behaviour. Amorphous samples were prepared by melt quenching. The resulting amorphous materials were characterised using X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry. All freshly prepared samples were completely X-ray amorphous (with a halo being the only feature in the diffractograms). The shape of the halos in the diffractograms varied suggesting structural variations in the near order of the molecules between the different amorphous solid dispersions (ASDs). Principal component analysis of the Raman spectra of the various ASD revealed that the samples clustered in the scores plot, again suggesting structural differences due to the presence of different drug-polymer interaction. The ranking of the samples with respect to physical stability and interaction parameter was: ASD of telmisartan:eudragit>ASD of telmisartan:soluplus>ASD of telmisartan:HPMC>ASD of telmisartan:PVP>amorphous telmisartan. The interaction parameter, calculated by using the Flory Huggins theory, showed a good correlation with the experimentally determined stability whereas a weak correlation was found with dissolution behaviour of different ASD. This study showed that correlation of physical stability and dissolution behaviour with calculated interaction parameter is possible for the same amorphous systems prepared by using different polymers. This could aid in selecting the most appropriate polymer for the development of optimised formulations containing amorphous drugs. It can be concluded that ASD prepared by using different polymers have different structural and thermal properties. These differences affect the physical stability and dissolution

  10. An Investigation on Formaldehyde Emission Characteristics of Wood Building Materials in Chinese Standard Tests: Product Emission Levels, Measurement Uncertainties, and Data Correlations between Various Tests.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Song

    Full Text Available As a large producer and consumer of wood building materials, China suffers product formaldehyde emissions (PFE but lacks systematic investigations and basic data on Chinese standard emission tests (CST, so this paper presented a first effort on this issue. The PFE of fiberboards, particleboards, blockboards, floorings, and parquets manufactured in Beijing region were characterized by the perforator extraction method (PE, 9-11 L and 40 L desiccator methods (D9, D40, and environmental chamber method (EC of the Chinese national standard GB 18580; based on statistics of PFE data, measurement uncertainties in CST were evaluated by the Monte Carlo method; moreover, PFE data correlations between tests were established. Results showed: (1 Different tests may give slightly different evaluations on product quality. In PE and D9 tests, blockboards and parquets reached E1 grade for PFE, which can be directly used in indoor environment; but in D40 and EC tests, floorings and parquets achieved E1. (2 In multiple tests, PFE data characterized by PE, D9, and D40 complied with Gaussian distributions, while those characterized by EC followed log-normal distributions. Uncertainties in CST were overall low, with uncertainties for 20 material-method combinations all below 7.5%, and the average uncertainty for each method under 3.5%, thus being acceptable in engineering application. A more complicated material structure and a larger test scale caused higher uncertainties. (3 Conventional linear models applied to correlating PFE values between PE, D9, and EC, with R2 all over 0.840, while novel logarithmic (exponential models can work better for correlations involving D40, with R2 all beyond 0.901. This research preliminarily demonstrated the effectiveness of CST, where results for D40 presented greater similarities to EC-the currently most reliable test for PFE, thus highlighting the potential of Chinese D40 as a more practical approach in production control and risk

  11. The neuroeconomics of alcohol demand: an initial investigation of the neural correlates of alcohol cost-benefit decision making in heavy drinking men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacKillop, James; Amlung, Michael T; Acker, John; Gray, Joshua C; Brown, Courtney L; Murphy, James G; Ray, Lara A; Sweet, Lawrence H

    2014-07-01

    Neuroeconomics integrates concepts and methods from psychology, economics, and cognitive neuroscience to understand how the brain makes decisions. In economics, demand refers to the relationship between a commodity's consumption and its cost, and, in behavioral studies, high alcohol demand has been consistently associated with greater alcohol misuse. Relatively little is known about how the brain processes demand decision making, and the current study is an initial investigation of the neural correlates of alcohol demand among heavy drinkers. Using an event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) paradigm, participants (N=24) selected how much they would drink under varying levels of price. These choices determined access to alcohol during a subsequent bar laboratory self-administration period. During decisions to drink in general, greater activity was present in multiple distinct subunits of the prefrontal and parietal cortices. In contrast, during decisions to drink that were demonstrably affected by the cost of alcohol, significantly greater activation was evident in frontostriatal regions, suggesting an active interplay between cognitive deliberation and subjective reward value. These choices were also characterized by significant deactivation in default mode network regions, suggesting suppression resulting from greater cognitive load. Across choice types, the anterior insula was notably recruited in diverse roles, further implicating the importance of interoceptive processing in decision-making behavior. These findings reveal the neural signatures subserving alcohol cost-benefit decision making, providing a foundation for future clinical applications of this paradigm and extending this approach to understanding the neural correlates of demand for other addictive commodities.

  12. Multi-scale 3D investigations of a commercial 18650 Li-ion battery with correlative electron- and X-ray microscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gelb, Jeff; Finegan, Donal P.; Brett, Dan J. L.; Shearing, Paul R.

    2017-07-01

    In the present study, a commercial 18650 Li-ion cylindrical cell is investigated with non-destructive 3D X-ray microscopy across a range of length scales, beginning with a survey of the entire cell and non-destructively enlarging a smaller section. Active materials are extracted from a disassembled cell and imaging performed using a combination of sub-micron X-ray microscopy and 2D scanning-electron microscopy, which point toward the need for multi-scale analysis in order to accurately characterize the cell. Furthermore, a small section is physically isolated for 3D nano-scale X-ray microscopy, which provides a measurement of porosity and enables the effective diffusivity and 3-dimensional tortuosities to be calculated via computer simulation. Finally, the 3D X-ray microscopy data is loaded into a correlative microscopy environment, where a representative sub-surface region is identified and, subsequently, analyzed using electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The results of this study elucidate the microstructural characteristics and potential degradation mechanisms of a commercial NCA battery and, further, establish a technique for extracting the Bruggeman exponent for a real-world microstructure using correlative microscopy.

  13. 类风湿性关节炎与肾相关性探讨%Correlation Investigation between Rheumatoid Arthtitis and Kidney

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈秀敏; 林昌松

    2012-01-01

    类风湿性关节炎是一种病因不明的难治性的免疫性疾病,在中医学属“痹证”范畴.其发病关键是肝肾不足,肾虚为先.从中医基础理论及现代医学研究出发,论述类风湿性关节炎与肾的相关性.%Rheumatoid arthritis is a refractory auto-immune disease of unknown etiology.lt belongs to the category of Bi disease.The main pathogenesis is liver and kidney deficiency and kidney deficiency is the first.From the angle of the basic theory of TCM and modern medicine, this article discusses the correlation investigation between rheumatoid arthtitis and kidney.

  14. Correlation between amplitude of spin accumulation signals investigated by Hanle effect measurement and effective junction barrier height in CoFe/MgO/n+-Si junctions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saito, Y.; Ishikawa, M.; Sugiyama, H.; Inokuchi, T.; Hamaya, K.; Tezuka, N.

    2015-05-01

    Correlation between the amplitude of the spin accumulation signals and the effective barrier height estimated from the slope of the log (RA) - tMgO plot (RA: resistance area product, tMgO: thickness of MgO tunnel barrier) in CoFe/MgO/n+-Si junctions was investigated. The amplitude of spin accumulation signals increases with increasing effective barrier heights. This increase of the amplitude of spin accumulation is originated from the increase of the spin polarization ( P S i ) in Si. The estimated absolute values of P S i using three-terminal Hanle signals are consistent with those estimated by four-terminal nonlocal-magnetoresistance (MR) and two-terminal local-MR. To demonstrate large spin accumulation in Si bulk band and enhance the local-MR through Si channel, these results indicate that the increase of the effective barrier height at ferromagnet/(tunnel barrier)/n+-Si junction electrode is important.

  15. Doping dependence of correlation effects in K{sub 1−x}Fe{sub 2−y}Se{sub 2} superconductors: LDA’ + DMFT investigation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nekrasov, I. A.; Pavlov, N. S., E-mail: pavlov@iep.uran.ru; Sadovskii, M. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Electrophysics, Ural Branch (Russian Federation)

    2013-11-15

    We present a detailed LDA’ + DMFT investigation of the doping dependence of correlation effects in the novel K{sub 1−x}Fe{sub 2−y}Se{sub 2} superconductor. Calculations are performed at four different hole doping levels, starting from a hypothetical stoichiometric composition with the total number of electrons equal to 29 per unit cell through 28 and 27.2 electrons toward the case of 26.52, which corresponds to the chemical composition K{sub 0.76}Fe{sub 1.72}Se{sub 2} studied in recent ARPES experiments. In the general case, the increase in hole doping leads to quasiparticle bands in a wide energy window ±2 eV around the Fermi level becoming more broadened by lifetime effects, while correlation-induced compression of Fe-3d LDA’ bandwidths stays almost the same, of the order of 1.3 for all hole concentrations. However, close to the Fermi level, the situation is more complicated. In the energy interval from −1.0 eV to 0.4 eV, the bare Fe-3d LDA’ bands are compressed by significantly larger renormalization factors up to 5 with increased hole doping, while the value of Coulomb interaction remains the same. This fact manifests the increase in correlation effects with hole doping in the K{sub 1−x}Fe{sub 2−y}Se{sub 2} system. Moreover, in contrast to typical pnictides, K{sub 1−x}Fe{sub 2−y}Se{sub 2} does not have well-defined quasiparticle bands on the Fermi levels, but has a “pseudogap”-like dark region instead. We also find that with the growth of hole doping, Fe-3d orbitals of various symmetries are affected by correlations differently in different parts of the Brillouin zone. To illustrate this, we determine the quasiparticle mass renormalization factors and energy shifts that transform the bare Fe-3d LDA’ bands of various symmetries into LDA’ + DMFT quasiparticle bands. These renormalization factors effectively mimic more complicated energy-dependent self-energy effects and can be used to analyze the available ARPES data.

  16. Cd hyperfine interactions in DNA bases and DNA of mouse strains infected with Trypanosoma cruzi investigated by perturbed angular correlation spectroscopy and ab initio calculations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petersen, Philippe A D; Silva, Andreia S; Gonçalves, Marcos B; Lapolli, André L; Ferreira, Ana Maria C; Carbonari, Artur W; Petrilli, Helena M

    2014-06-01

    In this work, perturbed angular correlation (PAC) spectroscopy is used to study differences in the nuclear quadrupole interactions of Cd probes in DNA molecules of mice infected with the Y-strain of Trypanosoma cruzi. The possibility of investigating the local genetic alterations in DNA, which occur along generations of mice infected with T. cruzi, using hyperfine interactions obtained from PAC measurements and density functional theory (DFT) calculations in DNA bases is discussed. A comparison of DFT calculations with PAC measurements could determine the type of Cd coordination in the studied molecules. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first attempt to use DFT calculations and PAC measurements to investigate the local environment of Cd ions bound to DNA bases in mice infected with Chagas disease. The obtained results also allowed the detection of local changes occurring in the DNA molecules of different generations of mice infected with T. cruzi, opening the possibility of using this technique as a complementary tool in the characterization of complicated biological systems.

  17. Atomic force microscopy investigation of the interaction of low-level laser irradiation of collagen thin films in correlation with fibroblast response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stylianou, Andreas; Yova, Dido

    2015-12-01

    Low-level red laser (LLRL)-tissue interactions have a wide range of medical applications and are garnering increased attention. Although the positive effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) have frequently been reported and enhanced collagen accumulation has been identified as one of the most important mechanisms involved, little is known about LLRL-collagen interactions. In this study, we aimed to investigate the influence of LLRL irradiation on collagen, in correlation with fibroblast response. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and fluorescence spectroscopy were used to characterize surfaces and identify conformational changes in collagen before and after LLRL irradiation. Irradiated and non-irradiated collagen thin films were used as culturing substrates to investigate fibroblast response with fluorescence microscopy. The results demonstrated that LLRL induced small alterations in fluorescence emission and had a negligible effect on the topography of collagen thin films. However, fibroblasts cultured on LLRL-irradiated collagen thin films responded to LRLL. The results of this study show for the first time the effect of LLRL irradiation on pure collagen. Although irradiation did not affect the nanotopography of collagen, it influenced cell behavior. The role of collagen appears to be crucial in the LLLT mechanism, and our results demonstrated that LLRL directly affects collagen and indirectly affects cell behavior.

  18. Constraining fault activity by investigating tectonically-deformed Quaternary palaeoshorelines using a synchronous correlation method: the Capo D'Orlando Fault as a case study (NE Sicily, Italy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meschis, Marco; Roberts, Gerald P.; Robertson, Jennifer

    2016-04-01

    Long-term curstal extension rates, accommodated by active normal faults, can be constrained by investigating Late Quaternary vertical movements. Sequences of marine terraces tectonically deformed by active faults mark the interaction between tectonic activity, sea-level changes and active faulting throughout the Quaternary (e.g. Armijo et al., 1996, Giunta et al, 2011, Roberts et al., 2013). Crustal deformation can be calculated over multiple seismic cycles by mapping Quaternary tectonically-deformed palaeoshorelines, both in the hangingwall and footwall of active normal faults (Roberts et al., 2013). Here we use a synchronous correlation method between palaeoshorelines elevations and the ages of sea-level highstands (see Roberts et al., 2013 for further details) which takes advantage of the facts that (i) sea-level highstands are not evenly-spaced in time, yet must correlate with palaeoshorelines that are commonly not evenly-spaced in elevation, and (ii) that older terraces may be destroyed and/or overprinted by younger highstands, so that the next higher or lower paleoshoreline does not necessarily correlate with the next older or younger sea-level highstand. We investigated a flight of Late Quaternary marine terraces deformed by normal faulting as a result of the Capo D'Orlando Fault in NE Sicily (e.g. Giunta et al., 2011). This fault lies within the Calabrian Arc which has experienced damaging seismic events such as the 1908 Messina Straits earthquake ~ Mw 7. Our mapping and previous mapping (Giunta et al. (2011) demonstrate that the elevations of marine terraces inner edges change along the strike the NE - SW oriented normal fault. This confirms active deformation on the Capo D'Orlando Fault, strongly suggesting that it should be added into the Database of Individual Seismogenic Sources (DISS, Basili et al., 2008). Giunta et al. (2011) suggested that uplift rates and hence faults lip-rates vary through time for this examples. We update the ages assigned to

  19. Epidemiological investigation of the UGT2B17 polymorphism in doping control urine samples and its correlation to T/E ratios.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anielski, Patricia; Simmchen, Juliane; Wassill, Lars; Ganghofner, Dirk; Thieme, Detlef

    2011-10-01

    The deletion polymorphism of the enzyme UGT2B17 is known to correlate with the level of the testosterone to epitestosterone (T/E) ratio in urine specimen. Due to the importance of the T/E ratio to detect testosterone abuse in doping analysis, a PCR-ELISA system (Genotype® UGT test, AmplexDiagnostics) was established to identify the UGT2B17 phenotype in urine samples. Epidemiological investigations in a set of 674 routine doping controls (in- and out-of-competition) resulted in 22.8% homozygote gene-deleted and 74.5% UGT2B17-positive athletes. The validated test system has shown to be robust and sensitive: in only 18 cases (2.7%) isolation of cell material from urine failed. Following hydrolysis of glucuronidated conjugates, steroids were analyzed as bis-TMS derivatives by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), for example, testosterone (T) and epitestosterone (E). Additionally, isotope ration mass spectrometry (IRMS) analysis and luteinizing hormone (LH) measurement were applied. Mean T/E ratios significantly correlated with the UGT2B17 phenotype (del: T/E 0.9; pos: 1.7), however the values did not differ as distinctive as reported in previous studies. Additionally, the T/E ratios in the gene-deleted group did not show a normal curve of distribution (median of T/E 0.5). Obviously, beside the UGT2B17 deletion further influences have to be taken into account, for example, polymorphisms or induction of other metabolizing enzymes. Our results indicate that the UGT2B17 polymorphism might be insufficient when utilized solely as a crucial parameter for individual interpretation of T/E in urine. Nevertheless, the detection of the UGT2B17-gene deletion in urine samples would provide additional information important for gathering evidence in analysis of steroids in doping control.

  20. Correlating coating characteristics with the performance of drug-coated balloons--a comparative in vitro investigation of own established hydrogel- and ionic liquid-based coating matrices.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastian Kaule

    Full Text Available Drug-coated balloons (DCB, which have emerged as a therapeutic alternative to drug-eluting stents in percutaneous cardiovascular intervention, are well described with regard to clinical efficacy and safety within a number of clinical studies. In vitro studies elucidating the correlation between coating additive and DCB performance are however rare but considered important for the understanding of DCB requirements and the improvement of established DCB. In this regard, we examined three different DCB-systems, which were developed in former studies based on the ionic liquid cetylpyridinium salicylate, the body-own hydrogel hyaluronic acid and the pharmaceutically well-established hydrogel polyvinylpyrrolidone, considering coating morphology, coating thickness, drug-loss, drug-transfer to the vessel wall, residual drug-concentration on the balloon surface and entire drug-load during simulated use in an in vitro vessel model. Moreover, we investigated particle release of the different DCB during simulated use and determined the influence of the three coatings on the mechanical behavior of the balloon catheter. We could show that coating characteristics can be indeed correlated with the performance of DCB. For instance, paclitaxel incorporation in the matrix can reduce the drug wash-off and benefit a high drug transfer. Additionally, a thin coating with a smooth surface and high but delayed solubility can reduce drug wash-off and decrease particle burden. As a result, we suggest that it is very important to characterize DCB in terms of mentioned properties in vitro in addition to their clinical efficacy in order to better understand their function and provide more data for the clinicians to improve the tool of DCB in coronary angioplasty.

  1. Investigations concerning the prevalence of Coxiella burnetii and Chlamydia abortus in sheep in correlation with management systems and abortion rate in Lower Saxony in 2004.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Runge, Martin; Binder, Alfred; Schotte, Ulrich; Ganter, Martin

    2012-01-01

    The intracellular bacteria Coxiella (C) burnetii and Chlamydia (Chl) abortus induce abortion in sheep and also affect humans. While Chl. abortus only infrequently infects humans, C burnetii is the aetiological agent of numerous Q fever outbreaks during the last decades. There is only limited knowledge about the prevalence of both pathogens in sheep, although sheep are involved in almost all Q fever outbreaks in Germany. The aim of our study was to investigate the prevalence of both pathogens in flocks located in Lower Saxony, Germany, in correlation to the management form and abortion rate. Serum samples of 1714 sheep from 95 flocks located in Lower Saxony were investigated by ELISA. 2.7% of these samples were positive, 1.3% showed inconclusive results in the C. burnetii-ELISA. Elevated intra-flock seroprevalences were only detected in three migrating flocks. Chlamydia-specific antibodies could be detected in 15.1% serum samples of mainly shepherded and migrating flocks. In one of these flocks with a high intra-flock seroprevalence for C burnetii (27%) and Chlamydia (44.9%), C burnetii was detected in 21.6% of the placenta samples of normal births and in 12.5% of the colostrum samples by PCR. Aborted fetuses and the corresponding placentas were negative in C burnetii-PCR, but in most of them and also in many other placenta samples Chl. abortus could be detected by PCR and DNA microarray. This survey shows a low overall prevalence of C. burnetii in sheep in Lower Saxony in the year 2004. However, three migrating flocks with a high intra-flock prevalence are localized in the southern parts of Lower Saxony. Spreading of C burnetii could occur, because of the large radius of grazing of all three flocks.

  2. 社会因素与产后抑郁症的相关性研究%Investigation in correlation between social factors and postpartum depression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周晨慧; 廖少玲; 刘琼玲; 黄娟娟; 李红赞; 庞小艳

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the correlation between social factors and postpartum depression.Methods A total of 182 parturients were investigated with Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)and self-designed questionnaire.The social factors and postpartum depression of parturients were analyzed using univariate and multivariable logistic regression analysis.Results Family income,relation of family,relation of couples,sex of newborns and negative life events were associated with the risk of postpartum depression.Conclusions Low family income,bad relation of family,bad relation of couples,female newborns,and negative life events during pregnancy may increase the risk of postpartum depression.%目的 探讨社会因素与产后抑郁症发生的相关性.方法 采用自编一般资料调查表、爱丁堡产后抑郁量表,对182例产妇进行问卷调查,产妇的社会因素水平与产妇产后的抑郁状况,并进行单因素和多因素非条件Logistic分析.结果 家庭收入、家庭关系、夫妻关系、新生儿性别、负性事件对产后抑郁症有不同程度的影响.结论 家庭收入低、家庭关系和夫妻关系差、新生儿性别为女性、孕期发生负性事件均会增加发生产后抑郁症的风险性.

  3. Investigations of metal correlation in bile, gallstones and blood of Urolithiasis patients by PIXE using a Peltier Cooled X-ray Detector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joseph, Daisy [Nuclear Physics Division, BARC, Trombay, Mumbai (India); Kalkur, Narayana; Shameena, Aslin; Thanigai, Arul [Anna University, Chennai (India)

    2013-07-01

    Full text: Investigations was carried out on 50 samples consisting of bile, gall stones, urinary stones, to obtain correlation of trace elements with severity of Urolithiasis diseases in patients from Hospitals in Chennai using PIXE. Urolithiasis is the condition where stones are formed in the urinary tract. In India it has affected million of people every year and the recurrence rate is more than 50%. The main component of urinary calculi includes Calcium Oxalate, Phosphate, Uricacid, Magnesium, Ammonium Phosphate (struvite) and cystine. A Proton beam of 3.5 MeV and a current of 20 nA from the Folded tandem ion Accelerator (FOTIA) was used for generating the Characteristic X-rays from the targets which were detected by a Peltier cooled detector and stored in PCA for off-line analysis. The main objective of this study was to identify the impact of toxic substance on human health in particular with crystal deposition diseases and also to find the epitaxic relationship between various crystalline components found in biological fluids. Varying amounts of K, Ca,Cr,Mn,Fe,Sr,Zr were detected in the samples. Analysis and interpretation are on for a definite conclusion regarding the status of the diseases. (author)

  4. Correlation between amplitude of spin accumulation signals investigated by Hanle effect measurement and effective junction barrier height in CoFe/MgO/n{sup +}-Si junctions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saito, Y., E-mail: yoshiaki.saito@toshiba.co.jp; Ishikawa, M.; Sugiyama, H.; Inokuchi, T. [Corporate Research and Development Center, Toshiba Corporation, 1, Komukai-Toshiba-cho, 212-8582 Kawasaki (Japan); Hamaya, K. [Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, 1-3, Machikaneyama-cho, Toyonaka city, Osaka 560-8531 (Japan); Tezuka, N. [Department of Materials Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8579 (Japan)

    2015-05-07

    Correlation between the amplitude of the spin accumulation signals and the effective barrier height estimated from the slope of the log (RA) - t{sub MgO} plot (RA: resistance area product, t{sub MgO}: thickness of MgO tunnel barrier) in CoFe/MgO/n{sup +}-Si junctions was investigated. The amplitude of spin accumulation signals increases with increasing effective barrier heights. This increase of the amplitude of spin accumulation is originated from the increase of the spin polarization (P{sub Si}) in Si. The estimated absolute values of P{sub Si} using three-terminal Hanle signals are consistent with those estimated by four-terminal nonlocal-magnetoresistance (MR) and two-terminal local-MR. To demonstrate large spin accumulation in Si bulk band and enhance the local-MR through Si channel, these results indicate that the increase of the effective barrier height at ferromagnet/(tunnel barrier)/n{sup +}-Si junction electrode is important.

  5. Further investigation of the intermolecular interactions and component distributions in a [Bmim][BF4]-based polystyrene composite membranes using two-dimensional correlation infrared spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Jingya; Wu, Peiyi; Yan, Feng

    2010-07-06

    The intermolecular interaction and distribution of components in [Bmim][BF(4)]-based polystyrene composite membrane which is composed of 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ([Bmim][BF(4)]), poly(1-(2-methyl acryloyloxyundecyl)-3-methylimidazolium bromide) (poly(MAUM-Br)) and polystyrene is investigated by in situ Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and two-dimensional correlation infrared spectroscopy (2DIR) in this study. A proposed model about the structure of this composite material is presented, and a sketch map about the local distributions of components is provided. In this model, alkyl chains in [Bmim][BF(4)], poly(MAUM-Br), and polystyrene in this system were supposed to form a polymeric network through aggregation or copolymerization. Cations of ionic liquids separate into the polymer network, while anions are kept mainly through the Coulomb force and partially by the hydrogen bonding between cations and anions. To support this model, FTIR has provided some hints on the pi-pi interaction existing in this complex material between the imidazole ring of ionic liquids and the benzene ring of polystyrene, based on the discovery of the shifts of IR absorption bands assigned to the C-C stretching vibrational mode. The sequential order of the responses from different chemical groups toward the variation of temperature is calculated by 2DIR, and the results suggest how different components distributed in this [Bmim][BF(4)]-based polystyrene composite membrane.

  6. The Neuroeconomics of Tobacco Demand: An Initial Investigation of the Neural Correlates of Cigarette Cost-Benefit Decision Making in Male Smokers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Joshua C.; Amlung, Michael T.; Owens, Max; Acker, John; Brown, Courtney L.; Brody, Gene H.; Sweet, Lawrence H.; MacKillop, James

    2017-01-01

    How the brain processes cigarette cost-benefit decision making remains largely unknown. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), this study investigated the neural correlates of decisions for cigarettes (0–10 cigarettes) at varying levels of price during a Cigarette Purchase Task (CPT) in male regular smokers (N = 35). Differential neural activity was examined between choices classified as inelastic, elastic, and suppressed demand, operationalized as consumption unaffected by cost, partially suppressed by cost, and entirely suppressed by cost, respectively. Decisions reflecting elastic demand, putatively the most effortful decisions, elicited greater activation in regions associated with inhibition and planning (e.g., middle frontal gyrus and inferior frontal gyrus), craving and interoceptive processing (anterior insula), and conflict monitoring (e.g., anterior cingulate cortex). Exploratory examination in a harmonized dataset of both cigarette and alcohol demand (N = 59) suggested common neural activation patterns across commodities, particularly in the anterior insula, caudate, anterior cingulate, medial frontal gyrus, and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Collectively, these findings provide initial validation of a CPT fMRI paradigm; reveal the interplay of brain regions associated with executive functioning, incentive salience, and interoceptive processing in cigarette decision making; and add to the literature implicating the insula as a key brain region in addiction. PMID:28157228

  7. Investigation by two-photon fluorescence correlation spectroscopy of the interaction of the nucleocapsid protein of HIV-1 with hairpin loop DNA sequences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mely, Yves; Azoulay, Joel; Beltz, Herve; Clamme, Jean-Pierre; Bernacchi, Serena; Ficheux, Damien; Roques, Bernard P.; Darlix, Jean-Luc

    2004-09-01

    The nucleocapsid protein NCp7 of HIV-1 possesses nucleic acid chaperone properties that are critical for the two strand transfer reactions required during reverse transcription. The first DNA strand transfer relies on the destabilization by NCp7 of double-stranded segments of the transactivation response element, TAR sequence, at the 3' end of the genomic RNA and the complementary sequence cTAR at the 3" terminus of the early product of reverse transcription. To characterize NCp7-mediated nucleic acid destabilization, we investigated by steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy and two photon fluorescence correlation spectroscopy, the interaction of a doubly-labelled cTAR sequence with NCp7. The conformational fluctuations observed in the absence of NCp7 were associated with the rapid opening and closing (fraying) of the double stranded terminal segment of cTAR. NCp7 destabilizes cTAR mainly through a large increase of the opening rate constant. Additionally, the various destabilizing structures (bulges, internal loop, mismatches) spread all over cTAR secondary structure were found to be critical for NCp7 chaperone activity. Taken together, our data enabled us to propose a molecular mechanism for the destabilizing activity of NCp7 on cTAR which is crucial for the formation of the cTAR-TAR complex during the first strand transfer reaction.

  8. Investigation of undersampling and reconstruction algorithm dependence on respiratory correlated 4D-MRI for online MR-guided radiation therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mickevicius, Nikolai J.; Paulson, Eric S.

    2017-04-01

    The purpose of this work is to investigate the effects of undersampling and reconstruction algorithm on the total processing time and image quality of respiratory phase-resolved 4D MRI data. Specifically, the goal is to obtain quality 4D-MRI data with a combined acquisition and reconstruction time of five minutes or less, which we reasoned would be satisfactory for pre-treatment 4D-MRI in online MRI-gRT. A 3D stack-of-stars, self-navigated, 4D-MRI acquisition was used to scan three healthy volunteers at three image resolutions and two scan durations. The NUFFT, CG-SENSE, SPIRiT, and XD-GRASP reconstruction algorithms were used to reconstruct each dataset on a high performance reconstruction computer. The overall image quality, reconstruction time, artifact prevalence, and motion estimates were compared. The CG-SENSE and XD-GRASP reconstructions provided superior image quality over the other algorithms. The combination of a 3D SoS sequence and parallelized reconstruction algorithms using computing hardware more advanced than those typically seen on product MRI scanners, can result in acquisition and reconstruction of high quality respiratory correlated 4D-MRI images in less than five minutes.

  9. 大肠菌群MPN计数法与CFU计数法相关性初探%Investigation of Correlation Between Coliform Bacteria MPN and CFU Counting Methods

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙慧; 李天添

    2012-01-01

    Coliform bacteria are common and important food quality evaluation index. Today, there are two parallel units of MPN and CFU in both detection of coliform bacteria and limitation of national standards of various products. In this paper, combined the principles of these two detection techniques with author's own experience in food inspection for many years, the correlation between MPN and CFU were investigated.%大肠菌群是常见且重要的食品质量评价指标。如今,大肠菌群检验方法和各类产品国家限量标准值都存在MPN、CFU两种计数单位并行的现象,结合两种技术方法的原理与作者多年从事食品检验的经验,对MPN单位与CFU单位的相关性进行初步探讨。

  10. Investigation of the effects of correlated measurement errors in time series analysis techniques applied to nuclear material accountancy data. [Program COVAR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pike, D.H.; Morrison, G.W.; Downing, D.J.

    1982-04-01

    It has been shown in previous work that the Kalman Filter and Linear Smoother produces optimal estimates of inventory and loss from a material balance area. The assumptions of the Kalman Filter/Linear Smoother approach assume no correlation between inventory measurement error nor does it allow for serial correlation in these measurement errors. The purpose of this report is to extend the previous results by relaxing these assumptions to allow for correlation of measurement errors. The results show how to account for correlated measurement errors in the linear system model of the Kalman Filter/Linear Smoother. An algorithm is also included for calculating the required error covariance matrices.

  11. [Investigation of the correlation between biofilm forming ability of urinary Candida isolates with the use of urinary catheters and change of antifungal susceptibility in the presence of biofilm].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aslan, Hacer; Gülmez, Dolunay

    2016-04-01

    Frequency of Candida species causing urinary tract infections is increasing, and this increase is outstanding in nosocomial urinary tract infections especially in intensive care units. The ability of biofilm formation that is contributed to the virulence of the yeast, plays a role in the pathogenesis of biomaterial-related infections and also constitutes a risk for treatment failure. The aims of this study were to compare biofilm forming abilities of Candida strains isolated from urine cultures of patients with and without urinary catheters, and to investigate the change of antifungal susceptibility in the presence of biofilm. A total of 50 Candida strains isolated from urine cultures of 25 patients with urinary catheters (10 C.tropicalis, 6 C.glabrata, 4 C.albicans, 4 C.parapsilosis, 1 C.krusei) and 25 without urinary catheters (8 C.tropicalis, 6 C.albicans, 4 C.krusei, 3 C.parapsilosis, 2 C.kefyr, 1 C.glabrata, 1 C.lusitaniae) were included in the study. Biofilm forming ability was tested by Congo red agar (CRA) and microplate XTT [2,3-bis-(2-methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium-5-carboxanilide] reduction methods. Fluconazole (FLU) and amphotericin B (AMP-B) susceptibilities of the isolates were determined by reference microdilution method recommended by Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute for planktonic cells and by XTT reduction assay in case of biofilm presence. Biofilm formation was detected in 12 (24%) by CRA and 50 (100%) of the isolates by XTT reduction method. None of the C.albicans (n= 10) and C.tropicalis (n= 18) strains were detected as biofilm positive by CRA, however, these strains were strongly positive by XTT reduction method. No statistically significant correlation was detected between the presence of urinary catheter and biofilm forming ability of the isolate (p> 0.05). This might be caused by the advantage of biofilm forming strains in adhesion to bladder mucosa at the initial stages of infection. For all of the isolates in

  12. Investigating correlates of synthetic marijuana and Salvia use in light and intermittent smokers and college students in a predominantly Hispanic sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutierrez, Kevin M; Cooper, Theodore V

    2014-12-01

    Few studies have examined correlates related to the use of synthetic cannabinoids (e.g., Spice, K2) and Salvia divinorum. Two studies were conducted to investigate whether demographic, smoking-related, and substance-related variables were associated with the use of synthetic cannabinoids and Salvia. In Study 1, 185 participants (50% female; 83% Hispanic; Mage = 32 years; SD = 13.68) were recruited from a local health clinic and a university on the U.S./Mexico border for a smoking-cessation study targeting light and intermittent smokers. In Study 2, 675 participants (62.4% female; 89.1% Hispanic; Mage = 21.0, SD = 8.56) were recruited from a university on the U.S./Mexico border for an online study. In Study 1, 10% of the sample indicated they had ever used either synthetic cannabinoids or Salvia in their lifetime. Being male and dual/multiple use of tobacco products were significantly associated with having ever used synthetic cannabinoids or Salvia. In Study 2, 9%, 5%, and 3% of the sample indicated lifetime, past-year, and past 30-day use of synthetic cannabinoids, respectively. Five percent, 2%, and 1% of the sample indicated lifetime, past-year, and past 30-day use of Salvia, respectively. Logistic regression analyses revealed that past 30-day marijuana use and past 30-day ecstasy use were significantly associated with use of synthetic cannabinoids and Salvia in one's lifetime. These findings suggest that the assessment of synthetic marijuana and Salvia use is warranted in studies of other addictive behaviors, particularly among current marijuana and ecstasy users.

  13. Investigation of electric quadrupole interaction in TiO{sub 2} by means of perturbed gamma-gamma angular correlation spectroscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martucci, Thiago; Ramos, Juliana Marques; Carbonari, Artur Wilson; Silva, Andreia S.; Saxena, Rajendra Narain [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    TiO{sub 2} has called attention in both basic research and technological applications as an energy converter in solar cells, photo catalyst for water purification, sunscreen material, drug detection, and other applications. In addition TiO{sub 2} is a candidate for use in medical devices, food preparation surfaces, air conditioning filters and sanitary ware surfaces.TiO{sub 2} has two crystalline phases: anatase and rutile. The structural properties and hyperfine interactions in TiO{sub 2} were investigated by perturbed gamma-gamma angular correlation (PAC) spectroscopy using 111 In and 181 Hf as probe nuclei. The PAC spectroscopy provides information on crystalline and electronic structure at an atomic scale. In the present work, PAC measurements on TiO{sub 2} were focused on the development of a methodology to prepare bulk samples, which have been characterized by conventional techniques such as x-ray diffraction, (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS). The samples were prepared by the sol gel Pechini method. The resulting powders were annealed at different temperatures in a tubular furnace under nitrogen atmosphere. The PAC measurements were carried out at room temperature in air. The occupation fraction of the probe nuclei reached 50% when the sample was annealed at 1373K and after measured at room temperature.In this case the frequency measured in site 1 is in agreement with that found in literature for substitutional titanium site in rutile structure when {sup 111}In were used as probe nuclei. It was measured a frequency more closely to that was found in literature[7] for the case in which {sup 181}Hf were used as probe nuclei when the sample annealed at 1373 K and measured at 973 K. (author)

  14. Investigation of dietary supplements prevalence as complementary therapy: Comparison between hospitalized psoriasis patients and non-psoriasis patients, correlation with disease severity and quality of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yousefzadeh, Hadis; Mahmoudi, Mahmoud; Banihashemi, Mahnaz; Rastin, Maryam; Azad, Farahzad Jabbari

    2017-08-01

    Psoriasis patients are often displeased with traditional medical treatments and they may self-prescribe dietary supplements as an alternative or complementary treatments. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of self-medication of dietary supplements among psoriasis and non-psoriasis cases and its impact on disease severity and quality of life. This case-control study evaluated 252 records of psoriasis patients and 245 non-psoriasis cases. Dietary supplementation over last 30days and characteristics, including age, age at onset of disease, co-morbidities, smoking and education were recorded. Psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) and dermatology quality of life index (DLQI) were calculated. P value less than 0.05 was considered as significant level. This study consisted 138 psoriasis (females; 54) and 138 non-psoriasis cases (females; 50), aged between 21 and 91 years. Among psoriasis patients, 72% reported using at least one of dietary supplements, which was different from non-psoriasis cases (25.36%, P=0.01). Multivitamin/mineral supplements (MVM) were the most frequent used dietary supplements (26.81%) and the most common reasons for the consumption of these supplements were to maintain and improve health. The consumption of folic acid (21.73%), omega-3 fatty acids or fish oil (10.14%), herbs (12.31%) and vitamin E (1.44%) had the most frequencies after MVM. No significant differences in PASI and DLQI were found among patients with consumption of different supplements (P>0.05). There was non-significant and negative correlation between education and use of supplements (P=0.21, r=-0.02). Self-medicating of MVM over last 30days was prevalent among studied psoriasis patients. They took dietary supplements in order to improve and maintain their health. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Correlation Between Surface Area and Dissolving Properties of Lead - A Step in the Investigation of Higher than Standard Lead Concentration in Drinking Water in Washington, D.C.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hua, M.; Garduno, L.; Mondragon, J. D.; Cuff, K. E.

    2004-12-01

    Several recently published articles by the Washington Post exposing the alarming concentration of lead in drinking water from schools and homes in the Washington D.C. area sparked our interest in the correlation between lead-containing materials used in plumbing and rate of lead solubility. Elementary children who attend schools in various regions of the District were contacted by San Francisco Bay Area- based high school students who are participants in the NSF-sponsored Environmental Science Information Technology Activities (ESITA) project. After receiving a thorough explanation of required sampling procedures, the elementary school children sent 500 ml water samples from their homes and schools to Berkeley along with information on the locations from which the water samples were collected. These water samples were analyzed for lead content at the Environmental Science Research Program laboratory at Lawrence Hall of Science. The majority of the samples contained more than 15 ppb of lead, which is the EPA action level. We hypothesize that there are three possible sources of lead in the drinking water: 1) lead pipes in the water main; 2) lead pipes in the service main; and 3) lead soldering that was often previously used to connect piping. We chose to investigate the effect of lead-based solder on the overall lead concentration in water. Using a soldering iron, we melted lead solder to create discs ranging from one to five centimeter diameter and one to thirty-six grams of mass. These discs were then placed into a beaker with 500 ml of 7.1pH distilled water and allowed to stand for 48 hours. At the end of 48 hours, the water samples were prepared for analysis using the EPA approved lead-dithizone procedure. Results showed an exponential relationship between disc surface area and the concentration of dissolved lead measured in the sample. Therefore, lead-based solder can represent a possible major source of lead contamination.

  16. An Investigation of the Relationship between the Fear of Receiving Negative Criticism and of Taking Academic Risk through Canonical Correlation Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cetin, Bayram; Ilhan, Mustafa; Yilmaz, Ferat

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between the fear of receiving negative criticism and taking academic risk through canonical correlation analysis-in which a relational model was used. The participants of the study consisted of 215 university students enrolled in various programs at Dicle University's Ziya Gökalp Faculty of…

  17. Biophysical analysis of bacterial and viral systems. A shock tube study of bio-aerosols and a correlated AFM/nanosims investigation of vaccinia virus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gates, Sean Damien [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)

    2013-05-01

    The work presented herein is concerned with the development of biophysical methodology designed to address pertinent questions regarding the behavior and structure of select pathogenic agents. Two distinct studies are documented: a shock tube analysis of endospore-laden bio-aerosols and a correlated AFM/NanoSIMS study of the structure of vaccinia virus.

  18. 强度关联三维衍射层析的实验研究%Experimental Investigation of Intensity Correlated Three Dimensional Diffraction Tomography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    应关荣; 刘红林; 魏青; 韩申生

    2009-01-01

    A new three-dimensional diffraction tomography, based on intensity correlation imaging, is demonstrated. Intensity correlated imaging (ghost imaging), which can realize the lensless Fourier-transform, the diffraction tomography and the two-step phase-retrieval algorithm are combined together to realize intensity correlated three dimensional diffraction tomography by using 650 nm pseudo-thermal light. The theoretical basis of this technique is outlined, and the experimental results are presented. This paper is a preparation for the applications of incoherent X-ray intensity correlated three-dimensional diffraction tomography in the third generation X-ray synchrotron radiation source.%提出了一种基于强度关联成像的新型三维衍射层析技术.利用强度关联成像技术(鬼成像)可实现无透镜傅里叶变换的特点,并结合衍射层析技术和二步相位恢复算法,使用波长为650 nm的赝热光实现了强度关联三维衍射层析.详细描述了强度关联三维衍射层析的基本原理以及具体实验结果,为在第三代同步辐射光源实现非相干X光衍射成像积累了经验.

  19. Spatiotemporal relationship of DOC and NO3- in ground- and surface water of a forested headwater catchment - investigated through correlation, transit times and wavelet analyses -

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weigand, Susanne; Bol, Roland; Reichert, Barbara; Graf, Alexander; Wiekenkamp, Inge; Stockinger, Michael; Lücke, Andreas; Tappe, Wolfgang; Bogena, Heye; Pütz, Thomas; Amelung, Wulf; Vereecken, Harry

    2017-04-01

    Understanding natural controls on nitrogen (N) and carbon (C) biogeochemical cycles in time and space is important to estimate human impacts on these cycles. We examined the spatiotemporal relationships between time series of weekly monitored stream- and groundwater N and C (assessed by nitrate; NO3- and dissolved organic carbon; DOC) in the forested Wüstebach catchment (Germany) over a 4-year period (2009- 2013). Median travel transit times (MedTTs) were used to connect hydrological and water chemistry data. In addition to traditional correlation analysis, we applied Wavelet Transform Coherence (WTC) to study variations in the correlation and lag-time between the N and C time series for different time scales. Based on our results, we distinguished three streamwater groups with the following characteristics: (i) subsurface runoff dominated locations with negative C/N correlations, short time lags, strong seasonal fluctuations in concentrations, and short transit times, (ii) groundwater dominated locations, with weaker C/N correlations and lags of several months, small fluctuations in concentrations and longer transit times and (iii) intermediate locations, with moderate seasonal fluctuations, strong C/N correlations, short time lags and moderate transit times. We identified water transit times as key drivers for the relationships in each group and conclude that C and N transport in stream water can be explained by the mixing of groundwater and subsurface runoff. In conclusion, our study revealed that DOC, NO3- concentrations and their ratio in Wüstebach stream waters can be explained by hydrological mixing processes. Complemented with transit times, and hydrochemical time series, the WTC analysis allowed us to discriminate between different water sources (groundwater/subsurface runoff). Overall, we find that in hydrochemical time series studies, e.g. of DOC and NO3-, as in our study, WTC analysis can be a viable tool to identify spatiotemporally dependent

  20. Optical correlation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boden, J.A.

    1974-01-01

    A survey is given of the most common types of coherent optical correlators, which are classified as spatial plane correlators, frequency plane correlators and special reference correlators. Only the spatial plane correlators are dealt with rather thoroughly. Basic principles, some special features,

  1. An attempt to correlate surface physics with chemical properties: molecular beam and Kelvin probe investigations of Ce1-xZrxO2 thin films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolekar, Sadhu K; Dubey, Anjani; Date, Kalyani S; Datar, Suwarna; Gopinath, Chinnakonda S

    2016-10-05

    What is the correlation between physical properties of the surfaces (such as surface potential, electronic nature of the surface), and chemical and catalysis properties (such as chemisorption, sticking probability of surface)? An attempt has been made to explore any correlation that might exist between the physical and chemical properties of thin film surfaces. Kelvin probe microscopy (KPM) and the molecular beam (MB) methods were employed to carry out the surface potential, and oxygen adsorption and oxygen storage capacity (OSC) measurements on Ce1-xZrxO2 thin films. A sol-gel synthesis procedure and spin-coating deposition method have been applied to make continuous nanocrystalline Ce1-xZrxO2 (x = 0-1) (CZ) thin films with uniform thickness (35-50 nm); however, surface roughness and porosity inherently changes with CZ composition. MB studies of O2 adsorption on CZ reveal high OSC for Ce0.9Zr0.1O2, which also exhibits highly porous and significantly rough surface characteristics. The surface potential observed from KPM studies varied between 30 and 80 mV, with Ce-rich compositions exhibiting the highest surface potential. Surface potential shows large changes after reduction or oxidation of the CZ film demonstrating the influence of Ce(3+)/Ce(4+) on surface potential, which is also a key to catalytic activity for ceria-based catalysts. The surface potential measured from KPM and the OSC measured from MB vary linearly and they depend on the Ce(3+)/Ce(4+) ratio. More and detailed studies are suggested to arrive at a correlation between the physical and chemical properties of the surfaces.

  2. The investigation of ultrasound technology to measure breast muscle depth as a correlated trait to breast meat yield in turkey (Meleagris gallopavo).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Case, L A; Wood, B J; Miller, S P

    2012-10-01

    Ultrasound measurements of muscle depth were analyzed to determine if these traits could be used to increase the rate of genetic gain in breast meat yield (BMY). Two measurements of breast depth, one taken horizontally across both breast lobes and one parallel to the keel, were captured using ultrasound. Heritabilities of muscle depth traits ranged from 0.35 to 0.70. These values were greater than heritabilities of conformation scores, which ranged from 0.25 to 0.47 within sex and line. The ultrasound traits also showed strong genetic correlations to BMY, ranging from 0.43 to 0.75, indicating that selection, using ultrasound depth as a correlated information source, could result in improved BMY. Including each ultrasound trait in a linear regression model predicting BMY increased the proportion of variation explained by the models by 0.08 to 0.17, relative to using conformation score as the only in vivo estimate. Based on results from a simulated turkey breeding program with selection pressure only on BMY, the ultrasound measures could increase the accuracy of a selection index for BMY by 0.02 to 0.16. As a result, ultrasound technology has the potential to improve the rate of genetic gain in BMY in a breeding program.

  3. ARPES investigation on the surface vs bulk electronic structures of correlated topological insulators YbB6 and other rare earth hexaborides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Nan; Matt, C. E.; Pomjakushina, E.; Dil, J. H.; Landolt, G.; Ma, J. Z.; Shi, X.; Dhaka, R. S.; Plumb, N. C.; Radovic, M.; Rogalev, V.; Strocov, V.; Kim, T. K.; Hoesch, M.; Conder, K.; Mesot, J.; Ding, H.; Shi, Ming

    2015-03-01

    Using ARPES performed in wide photon energy range we systematically studied the bulk and surface electronic structures of a topological mixed- valence insulator candidate, YbB6. The bulk B-2p states are probed with bulk-sensitive soft X-ray ARPES, exhibiting strong three-dimensionality with the band top locating 80 meV below the EF at the X point. The measured bulk Yb-4f states are located at 1 and 2.3 eV below EF, which hybridize with the dispersive B-2p states. The bulk band structures obtained by experiments are substantially different from the first principle calculations, but it can be better described by adding a correlation parameter U = 7 eV, indicating YbB6 is a correlated system. Using surface-sensitive VUV ARPES, we revealed two-dimensional surface states which form three electron-like FSs with Dirac-cone-like dispersions. The odd number of surface FSs gives the first indication that the surface states are topological non-trivial. The spin-resolved ARPES measurements provide further evidence that these surface states are spin polarized with spin locked to the crystal momentum. Recent results on the TI phase in other rare earth hexaborides will also be shown.

  4. Experimental and theoretical investigation of correlated fine structure branching ratios arising from state-selected predissociation of BrO (A2Π3/2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grubb, Michael P; Dooley, Kristin S; Freeman, C Daniel; Peterson, Kirk A; North, Simon W

    2014-01-14

    We present results for the v'-dependent predissociation dynamics of the BrO (A(2)Π3/2) state using velocity map ion imaging. Correlated fine structure branching ratios, Br((2)P(J)) + O((3)P(J)), have been measured for v' = 5-16 states. The experimental branching ratios are non-statistical and strongly dependent on the initial vibronic state. The current measurements represent an extensive dataset containing rich information about the predissociation dynamics of this system and should provide a stringent test for modern theory. New high level ab initio excited state potentials are presented and have been optimized using experimental v'-dependent predissociation lifetimes and calculated coupling constants. Comparisons between the experimental branching ratios and the predictions based on diabatic and adiabatic limiting models are presented. We find that the adiabatic model is most consistent with the observed trends in the correlated branching ratios, in contrast to previous studies on the related ClO system.

  5. Serotonin transporter polymorphism modulates neural correlates of real-life joint action. An investigation with functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrmann, M J; Bogon, J; Quester, S; Cordes, A; Stenneken, P; Reif, A; Ehlis, A-C

    2015-04-30

    A functional polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) within the serotonin transporter gene (SERT) has been associated with personality dimensions such as neuroticism, with emotional reactivity to negative events, and with an increased risk of affective disorders. More specifically, the short (S) allele of 5-HTTLPR has been linked to increased amygdala activity and has been identified as a risk allele for depressive disorders. Recently, Homberg and Lesch (2011) urged for a conceptual change in the current deficit-oriented connotation of the 5-HTTLPR S-allele and argued that the S-allele could be considered adaptive in certain contexts. They postulated that S-allele carriers show hypervigilant behavior in social situations and should thus show increased social conformity. Therefore, we tested whether 5-HTTLPR modulates the neural correlates of real-life social joint action through functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). Thirty participants, homozygote for 5-HTTLPR, were measured and analyzed while they were involved in a previously published joint-action paradigm, which reliably leads to an activation of the left parietal cortex. We found that homozygote S-allele carriers showed increased inferior parietal lobe activation, compared to the LL-allele carriers for the contrast "joint action greater solo action". Therefore, our results provide evidence for beneficial effects of the S-allele on the neural correlates of social interactions.

  6. Investigation of correlation of the variations in land subsidence (detected by continuous GPS measurements and methodological data in the surrounding areas of Lake Urmia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Moghtased-Azar

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Lake Urmia, a salt lake in the north-west of Iran, plays a valuable role in the environment, wildlife and economy of Iran and the region, but now faces great challenges for survival. The Lake is in immediate and great danger and is rapidly going to become barren desert. As a result, the increasing demands upon groundwater resources due to expanding metropolitan and agricultural areas are a serious challenge in the surrounding regions of Lake Urmia. The continuous GPS measurements around the lake illustrate significant subsidence rate between 2005 and 2009. The objective of this study was to detect and specify the non-linear correlation of land subsidence and temperature activities in the region from 2005 to 2009. For this purpose, the cross wavelet transform (XWT was carried out between the two types of time series, namely vertical components of GPS measurements and daily temperature time series. The significant common patterns are illustrated in the high period bands from 180–218 days band (~6–7 months from September 2007 to February 2009. Consequently, the satellite altimetry data confirmed that the maximum rate of linear trend of water variation in the lake from 2005 to 2009, is associated with time interval from September 2007 to February 2009. This event was detected by XWT as a critical interval to be holding the strong correlation between the land subsidence phenomena and surface temperature. Eventually the analysis can be used for modeling and prediction purposes and probably stave off the damage from subsidence phenomena.

  7. Correlated carbon and oxygen isotope signatures in eclogitic diamonds with coesite inclusions: A SIMS investigation of diamonds from Guaniamo, Argyle and Orapa mines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulze, D. J.; Page, Z.; Harte, B.; Valley, J.; Channer, D.; Jaques, L.

    2006-12-01

    Using ion microprobes and secondary-ion mass spectrometry we have analyzed the carbon and oxygen isotopic composition of eclogite-suite diamonds and their coesite inclusions, respectively, from three suites of diamonds of Proterozoic age. Extremely high (for the mantle) oxygen isotope values (delta 18O of +10.2 to +16.9 per mil VSMOW) are preserved in coesites included in eclogitic diamonds from Guaniamo, Venezuela (Schulze et al., Nature, 2003), providing compelling evidence for an origin of their eclogite hosts by subduction of sea water altered ocean floor basalts. In situ SIMS analyses of their host diamonds yield carbon isotope values (delta 13C) of -12 to -18 per mil PDB. SIMS analyses of coesite inclusions from Argyle, Australia diamonds previously analyzed by combustion methods for d13C composition (Jaques et al., Proc. 4th Kimb. Conf, 1989), also yield anomalously high d18O values (+6.8 to +16.0 per mil VSMOW), that correlate with the anomalously low carbon isotope values (-10.3 to -14.1 per mil PDB). One coesite-bearing diamond from Orapa, Botswana analyzed in situ by SIMS has a d18O value of the coesite of +8.5 per mil VSMOW and a d13C value of the adjacent diamond host of -9.0 per mil PDB. A second Orapa stone has a SIMS carbon isotope compositional range of d13C = -14 to -16 per mil PDB, but the coesite is too small for ion probe analysis. At each of these localities, carbon isotope values of coesite-bearing diamonds that are lower than typical of mantle carbon are correlated with oxygen isotope compositions of included coesites that are substantially above the common mantle oxygen isotope range. Such results are not in accord with diamond genesis models involving formation of eclogitic diamonds from igneous melts undergoing fractionation in the mantle or by crystallization from primordial inhomogeneities in Earth's mantle. By analogy with the oxygen isotope compositions of altered ocean floor basalts and Alpine (subduction zone) eclogites they are

  8. Precise radial velocities of giant stars. IV. A correlation between surface gravity and radial velocity variation and a statistical investigation of companion properties

    CERN Document Server

    Hekker, S; Aerts, C; Quirrenbach, Andreas G; Reffert, S; Mitchell, D S

    2008-01-01

    Since 1999, we have been conducting a radial velocity survey of 179 K giants using the CAT at UCO/Lick observatory. At present ~20-100 measurements have been collected per star with a precision of 5 to 8 m/s. Of the stars monitored, 145 (80%) show radial velocity (RV) variations at a level >20 m/s, of which 43 exhibit significant periodicities. Our aim is to investigate possible mechanism(s) that cause these observed RV variations. We intend to test whether these variations are intrinsic in nature, or possibly induced by companions, or both. In addition, we aim to characterise the parameters of these companions. A relation between log g and the amplitude of the RV variations is investigated for all stars in the sample. Furthermore, the hypothesis that all periodic RV variations are caused by companions is investigated by comparing their inferred orbital statistics with the statistics of companions around main sequence stars. A strong relation is found between the amplitude of the RV variations and log g in K ...

  9. Advanced Photoemission Spectroscopy Investigations Correlated with DFT Calculations on the Self-Assembly of 2D Metal Organic Frameworks Nano Thin Films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elzein, Radwan; Chang, Chun-Min; Ponomareva, Inna; Gao, Wen-Yang; Ma, Shengqian; Schlaf, Rudy

    2016-11-16

    Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) deposited from solution have the potential to form 2-dimensional supramolecular thin films suitable for molecular electronic applications. However, the main challenges lie in achieving selective attachment to the substrate surface, and the integration of organic conductive ligands into the MOF structure to achieve conductivity. The presented results demonstrate that photoemission spectroscopy combined with preparation in a system-attached glovebox can be used to characterize the electronic structure of such systems. The presented results demonstrate that porphyrin-based 2D MOF structures can be produced and that they exhibit similar electronic structure to that of corresponding conventional porphyrin thin films. Porphyrin MOF multilayer thin films were grown on Au substrates prefunctionalized with 4-mercaptopyridine (MP) via incubation in a glovebox, which was connected to an ultrahigh vacuum system outfitted with photoelectron spectroscopy. The thin film growth process was carried out in several sequential steps. In between individual steps the surface was characterized by photoemission spectroscopy to determine the valence bands and evaluate the growth mode of the film. A comprehensive evaluation of X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS), ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS), and inverse photoemission spectroscopy (IPES) data was performed and correlated with density functional theory (DFT) calculations of the density of states (DOS) of the films involved to yield the molecular-level insights into the growth and the electronic properties of MOF-based 2D thin films.

  10. Vacuolar glyphosate-sequestration correlates with glyphosate resistance in ryegrass (Lolium spp.) from Australia, South America, and Europe: a 31P NMR investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ge, Xia; d'Avignon, D André; Ackerman, Joseph J H; Collavo, Alberto; Sattin, Maurizio; Ostrander, Elizabeth L; Hall, Erin L; Sammons, R Douglas; Preston, Christopher

    2012-02-01

    Lolium spp., ryegrass, variants from Australia, Brazil, Chile, and Italy showing differing levels of glyphosate resistance were examined by (31)P NMR. Extents of glyphosate (i) resistance (LD(50)), (ii) inhibition of 5-enopyruvyl-shikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS) activity (IC(50)), and (iii) translocation were quantified for glyphosate-resistant (GR) and glyphosate-sensitive (GS) Lolium multiflorum Lam. variants from Chile and Brazil. For comparison, LD(50) and IC(50) data for Lolium rigidum Gaudin variants from Italy were also analyzed. All variants showed similar cellular uptake of glyphosate by (31)P NMR. All GR variants showed glyphosate sequestration within the cell vacuole, whereas there was minimal or no vacuole sequestration in the GS variants. The extent of vacuole sequestration correlated qualitatively with the level of resistance. Previous (31)P NMR studies of horseweed ( Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronquist) revealed that glyphosate sequestration imparted glyphosate resistance. Data presented herein suggest that glyphosate vacuolar sequestration is strongly contributing, if not the major contributing, resistance mechanism in ryegrass as well.

  11. Investigations of high power laser beam interaction with material by means of hybrid FVM-FEM and digital image correlation methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kujawińska, M.; Łapka, P.; Malesa, M.; Malowany, K.; Prasek, M.; Marczak, J.

    2016-12-01

    The paper presents the new approach to the analysis of interaction between a high power laser beam and matter. The method relies on the combined experimental-numerical spatio-temporal analysis of temperature, displacement and strain maps which are generated at a surface of an object illuminated by a high power laser beam. Transient heat transfer numerical simulations were carried out applying the FVM, while the quasi-transient structural analyses were performed with the aid of the FEM. The displacement maps were captured by means of 3D Digital Image Correlation method, and temperature maps were provided by a high speed IR camera. The experimental data are compared to the initial model of laser induced heat transfer in an object and resulting displacements/strains. The first approach to hybrid experimental-numerical method which aims in indirect determination of laser beam profile is described. The monitoring of displacement/strain maps directly at an illuminated object may be also used for a structural integrity analysis of a target. In the paper at first the numerical simulations applied to model laser beam thermal interaction with solid bodies are presented. Next the laboratory experimental stand is described and the results of the initial tests performed at aluminum and bronze samples are shown and compared with numerical simulations. The advantages and disadvantages of the proposed methodology are discussed in relation to the two applications mentioned above.

  12. Investigation of cation distribution, electrical, magnetic properties and their correlation in Mn2-xCo2xNi1-xO4 films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Jing; Huang, Zhiming; Zhou, Wei; Ouyang, Cheng; Hou, Yun; Gao, Yanqing; Chen, Ren; Chu, Junhao

    2014-03-01

    X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was performed on Mn2-xCo2xNi1-xO4 (x = 0.2, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, and 0.8) series spinel films to determine their cation distributions. The results show that both Ni and Co ions exhibit bivalence, while Mn ions exhibit coexisting multivalence. The hopping frequency ν0 of each sample was obtained by combining cation distribution results and electrical measurement data. Analysis of the divergence at Neel temperature between field cooling and zero-field cooling magnetization curves revealed that the ferromagnetic coupling between octahedral site ions first leads to spontaneous magnetization at TC, after which a second spontaneous magnetization arises from the antiferromagnetic couple between tetrahedral and octahedral sites at a lower temperature TN. The correlation between hopping conductivity and magnetic transition temperature is discussed. We propose that the strength of the ferromagnetic couple between octahedral sites is subject to the product term of Nc(1 - c)ν0, which determines the ferromagnetic transition temperature (TC) of the system. Our results provide an avenue to understand the origin of magnetic interaction in small-polaron hopping semiconductors.

  13. Electrophysiological Correlates of the Threshold to Detection of Passive Motion: An Investigation in Professional Volleyball Athletes with and without Atrophy of the Infraspinatus Muscle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salles, José Inácio; Cossich, Victor Rodrigues Amaral; Amaral, Marcus Vinicius; Monteiro, Martim T.; Cagy, Maurício; Motta, Geraldo; Velasques, Bruna; Piedade, Roberto; Ribeiro, Pedro

    2013-01-01

    The goal of the present study is to compare the electrophysiological correlates of the threshold to detection of passive motion (TTDPM) among three groups: healthy individuals (control group), professional volleyball athletes with atrophy of the infraspinatus muscle on the dominant side, and athletes with no shoulder pathologies. More specifically, the study aims at assessing the effects of infraspinatus muscle atrophy on the cortical representation of the TTDPM. A proprioception testing device (PTD) was used to measure the TTDPM. The device passively moved the shoulder and participants were instructed to respond as soon as movement was detected (TTDPM) by pressing a button switch. Response latency was established as the delay between the stimulus (movement) and the response (button press). Electroencephalographic (EEG) and electromyographic (EMG) activities were recorded simultaneously. An analysis of variance (ANOVA) and subsequent post hoc tests indicated a significant difference in latency between the group of athletes without the atrophy when compared both to the group of athletes with the atrophy and to the control group. Furthermore, distinct patterns of cortical activity were observed in the three experimental groups. The results suggest that systematically trained motor abilities, as well as the atrophy of the infraspinatus muscle, change the cortical representation of the different stages of proprioceptive information processing and, ultimately, the cortical representation of the TTDPM. PMID:23484136

  14. Electrophysiological Correlates of the Threshold to Detection of Passive Motion: An Investigation in Professional Volleyball Athletes with and without Atrophy of the Infraspinatus Muscle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Inácio Salles

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The goal of the present study is to compare the electrophysiological correlates of the threshold to detection of passive motion (TTDPM among three groups: healthy individuals (control group, professional volleyball athletes with atrophy of the infraspinatus muscle on the dominant side, and athletes with no shoulder pathologies. More specifically, the study aims at assessing the effects of infraspinatus muscle atrophy on the cortical representation of the TTDPM. A proprioception testing device (PTD was used to measure the TTDPM. The device passively moved the shoulder and participants were instructed to respond as soon as movement was detected (TTDPM by pressing a button switch. Response latency was established as the delay between the stimulus (movement and the response (button press. Electroencephalographic (EEG and electromyographic (EMG activities were recorded simultaneously. An analysis of variance (ANOVA and subsequent post hoc tests indicated a significant difference in latency between the group of athletes without the atrophy when compared both to the group of athletes with the atrophy and to the control group. Furthermore, distinct patterns of cortical activity were observed in the three experimental groups. The results suggest that systematically trained motor abilities, as well as the atrophy of the infraspinatus muscle, change the cortical representation of the different stages of proprioceptive information processing and, ultimately, the cortical representation of the TTDPM.

  15. Investigation of hyperfine interactions in hafnium compounds with F{sup 1-}, OH{sup 1-}, and EDTA ligands by perturbed {gamma}-{gamma} angular correlation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amaral, Antonio A.; Silva, Andreia dos S.; Lapolli, Andre L.; Carbonari, Artur W.; Saxena, Rajendra N., E-mail: alapolli@ipen.b [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    In this study the hyperfine parameters, including the dynamical nature, Perturbed Angular Correlation (PAC) spectroscopy was used to measure the hyperfine parameters in molecules of ligand compounds in solutions. The measurements were carried out at 295 K and 77 K using {sup 181}Hf {yields}{sup 181}Ta, as probe nuclei. Samples were prepared by adding a small volume of radioactive solution containing the probe nuclei in aqueous solution, buffer solution and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) used as a ligand with pH between 4 and 5 which correspond to the pH of the saturated EDTA solution and in buffer solution with pH between 9 and 10. The results made possible to understand the impact of each method for PAC measurements. Finally a comparative analysis for the several methods of inserting of the probe nuclei in the sample was made, considering chemical and nuclear aspects. The lack of measurements in this kind of samples justifies the importance of the obtained results. (author)

  16. An Empirical Investigation on the Dynamic Viscosity of Mg(OH)2- Ethylene Glycol in Different Solid Concentrations and Proposing New Correlation Based on Experimental Data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hemmat Esfe, Mohammad; Saedodin, Seyfolah; Asadi, Amin

    2014-01-01

    In the present study, the dynamic viscosity of the Mg(OH)2-ethylene glycol(EG) nanofluid is investigated. The studied nanofluid in different solid volume fractions of 0.1%, 0.2%, 0.4%, 0.8%, 1%, 1.5% and 2% at the temperatures of 23 and 55⁰C with diameter particle size of 10 nanometer are measured...... no great effect on the dynamic viscosity of the nanofluid which this issue can be take into account as an important achievement in the industrial and engineering applications...

  17. Comprehensive evaluation of medium and long range correlated density functionals in TD-DFT investigation of DNA bases and base pairs: gas phase and water solution study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shukla, Manoj K.; Leszczynski, Jerzy

    2010-11-01

    A comprehensive analysis of the performance of the TD-DFT method using different density functionals including recently developed medium and long-range correlation corrected density functionals have been carried out for lower-lying electronic singlet valence transitions of nucleic acid bases and the Watson-Crick base pairs in the gas phase and in the water solution. The standard 6-311++G(d,p) basis set was used. Ground state geometries of bases and base pairs were optimized at the M05-2X/6-311++G(d,p) level. The nature of potential energy surfaces (PES) was ascertained through the harmonic vibrational frequency analysis; all geometries were found to be minima at the respective PES. Electronic singlet vertical transition energies were also computed at the CC2/def2-TZVP level in the gas phase. The effect of state-specific water solvation on TD-DFT computed transition energies was considered using the PCM model. For the isolated bases the performance of the B3LYP functional was generally found to be superior among all functionals, but it measurably fails for charge-transfer states in the base pairs. The CC2/def2-TZVP computed transition energies were also revealed to be inferior compared with B3LYP results for the isolated bases. The performance of the ωB97XD, CAM-B3LYP and BMK functionals were found to be similar and comparable with the CC2 results for the isolated bases. However, for the Watson-Crick adenine-thymine and guanine-cytosine base pairs the performance of the ωB97XD functional was found to be the best among all the studied functionals in the present work in predicting the locally excited transitions as well as charge transfer states.

  18. Comparison of Correlates of Bone Mineral Density in Individuals Adhering to Lacto-Ovo, Vegan, or Omnivore Diets: A Cross-Sectional Investigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessica R. Knurick

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Vegetarian diets are associated with factors that may not support bone health, such as low body mass and low intakes of protein; yet, these diets are alkaline, a factor that favors bone mineral density (BMD. This study compared the correlates of BMD in young, non-obese adults consuming meat-based (n = 27, lacto-ovo vegetarian (n = 27, or vegan (n = 28 diets for ≥1 year. A 24 h diet recall, whole body DXA scan, 24 h urine specimen, and fasting blood sample were collected from participants. BMD did not differ significantly between groups. Protein intake was reduced ~30% in individuals consuming lacto-ovo and vegan diets as compared to those consuming meat-based diets (68 ± 24, 69 ± 29, and 97 ± 47 g/day respectively, p = 0.006; yet dietary protein was only associated with BMD for those following vegan diets. Urinary pH was more alkaline in the lacto-ovo and vegan groups versus omnivores (6.5 ± 0.4, 6.7 ± 0.4, and 6.2 ± 0.4 respectively, p = 0.003; yet urinary pH was associated with BMD in omnivores only. These data suggest that plant-based diets are not detrimental to bone in young adults. Moreover, diet prescriptions for bone health may vary among diet groups: increased fruit and vegetable intake for individuals with high meat intakes and increased plant protein intake for individuals who follow a vegetarian diet plan.

  19. Neural Correlates of Opposing Effects of Emotional Distraction on Working Memory and Episodic Memory: An Event Related fMRI Investigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florin eDolcos

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available A fundamental question in the emotional memory literature is why emotion enhances memory in some conditions but disrupts memory in other conditions. For example, separate studies have shown that emotional stimuli tend to be better remembered in long-term episodic memory (EM, whereas emotional distracters tend to impair working memory (WM maintenance. The first goal of this study was to directly compare the neural correlates of EM enhancement (EME and WM impairing (WMI effects, and the second goal was to explore individual differences in these mechanisms. During event-related fMRI, participants maintained faces in WM while being distracted by emotional or neutral pictures presented during the delay period. EM for the distracting pictures was tested after scanning and was used to identify successful encoding activity for the picture distracters. The first goal yielded two findings: (1 Emotional pictures that disrupted face WM but enhanced subsequent EM were associated with increased amygdala and hippocampal activity (ventral system coupled with reduced dorsolateral PFC activity (dorsal system; (2 Trials in which emotion enhanced EM without disrupting WM were associated with increased ventrolateral PFC activity. The ventral-dorsal switch can explain EME and WMI, while the ventrolateral PFC effect suggests a coping mechanism. The second goal yielded two additional findings: (3 Participants who were more susceptible to WMI showed greater amygdala increases and PFC reductions; (4 Amygdala activity increased and dlPFC activity decreased with measures of impulsivity. Taken together, the results clarify the mechanisms linking the enhancing and impairing effects of emotion on memory.

  20. Neural Correlates of Opposing Effects of Emotional Distraction on Working Memory and Episodic Memory: An Event-Related fMRI Investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dolcos, Florin; Iordan, Alexandru D.; Kragel, James; Stokes, Jared; Campbell, Ryan; McCarthy, Gregory; Cabeza, Roberto

    2013-01-01

    A fundamental question in the emotional memory literature is why emotion enhances memory in some conditions but disrupts memory in other conditions. For example, separate studies have shown that emotional stimuli tend to be better remembered in long-term episodic memory (EM), whereas emotional distracters tend to impair working memory (WM) maintenance. The first goal of this study was to directly compare the neural correlates of EM enhancement (EME) and WM impairing (WMI) effects, and the second goal was to explore individual differences in these mechanisms. During event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), participants maintained faces in WM while being distracted by emotional or neutral pictures presented during the delay period. EM for the distracting pictures was tested after scanning and was used to identify successful encoding activity for the picture distracters. The first goal yielded two findings: (1) emotional pictures that disrupted face WM but enhanced subsequent EM were associated with increased amygdala (AMY) and hippocampal activity (ventral system) coupled with reduced dorsolateral PFC (dlPFC) activity (dorsal system); (2) trials in which emotion enhanced EM without disrupting WM were associated with increased ventrolateral PFC activity. The ventral-dorsal switch can explain EME and WMI, while the ventrolateral PFC effect suggests a coping mechanism. The second goal yielded two additional findings: (3) participants who were more susceptible to WMI showed greater amygdala increases and PFC reductions; (4) AMY activity increased and dlPFC activity decreased with measures of attentional impulsivity. Taken together, these results clarify the mechanisms linking the enhancing and impairing effects of emotion on memory, and provide insights into the role of individual differences in the impact of emotional distraction. PMID:23761770

  1. Comparison of correlates of bone mineral density in individuals adhering to lacto-ovo, vegan, or omnivore diets: a cross-sectional investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knurick, Jessica R; Johnston, Carol S; Wherry, Sarah J; Aguayo, Izayadeth

    2015-05-11

    Vegetarian diets are associated with factors that may not support bone health, such as low body mass and low intakes of protein; yet, these diets are alkaline, a factor that favors bone mineral density (BMD). This study compared the correlates of BMD in young, non-obese adults consuming meat-based (n = 27), lacto-ovo vegetarian (n = 27), or vegan (n = 28) diets for ≥1 year. A 24 h diet recall, whole body DXA scan, 24 h urine specimen, and fasting blood sample were collected from participants. BMD did not differ significantly between groups. Protein intake was reduced ~30% in individuals consuming lacto-ovo and vegan diets as compared to those consuming meat-based diets (68 ± 24, 69 ± 29, and 97 ± 47 g/day respectively, p = 0.006); yet dietary protein was only associated with BMD for those following vegan diets. Urinary pH was more alkaline in the lacto-ovo and vegan groups versus omnivores (6.5 ± 0.4, 6.7 ± 0.4, and 6.2 ± 0.4 respectively, p = 0.003); yet urinary pH was associated with BMD in omnivores only. These data suggest that plant-based diets are not detrimental to bone in young adults. Moreover, diet prescriptions for bone health may vary among diet groups: increased fruit and vegetable intake for individuals with high meat intakes and increased plant protein intake for individuals who follow a vegetarian diet plan.

  2. Correlations in Werner States

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DONG Li; LUO Shun-Long; XIU Xiao-Ming; LI Nan; GAO Ya-Jun; CHI Feng

    2008-01-01

    Werner states are paradigmatic examples of quantum states and play an innovative role in quantum information theory. In investigating the correlating capability of Werner states, we find the curious phenomenon that quantum correlations, as quantified by the entanglement of formation, may exceed the total correlations, as measured by the quantum mutual information. Consequently, though the entanglement of formation is so widely used in quantifying entanglement, it cannot be interpreted as a consistent measure of quantum correlations per se if we accept the folklore that total correlations are measured (or rather upper bounded) by the quantum mutual information.

  3. The investigation of the correlation between metabolic syndrome and Chinese medicine constitution types in senior retired military personnel of the People's Liberation Army.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Ying-lu; Zheng, Guo-yin; Ling, Chang-quan

    2012-07-01

    To investigate the incidence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and the distribution of constitutional pattern in elderly retired personnel of the People's Liberation Army. Adopting the method of cross-sectional field investigation, from June to December in 2008, the investigation questionnaires were completed by the aged over 60 and collected from 69 military retired residences in the 4 cities of Shanghai, Nanjing, Hangzhou and Qingdao. Other data, including demographic characteristics, physiological characteristics, life style and former medical history, were collected and analyzed. The statistical analysis for the database was drawn up by the software Epidata 3.0. A total of 4,502 people were included in this study, and 35.3% of them were diagnosed with MS. There was no obvious difference in mobility among ages (60 to 69, 70 to 79 and over 80, P>0.05). Referring to the MS patients in the 70s age group, both the phlegm-dampness and dampness-heat constitutional types were evidently higher than those in the 60s age group (P=0.019, P=0.008); while MS patients in 80s and older showed a significantly lower incidence of dampness-heat constitution than those in the 60s (P=0.00); and ql-deficiency constitution was obviously higher in the 80s age group than those in the other two groups (P=0.00). The top 3 constitutions in MS people were, respectively, phlegm-dampness, dampness-heat and qi-deficiency constitution; while in non-MS people, the top 3 constitutions were gentleness, qi-deficiency and phlegm-dampness. When the patient's body mass index (BMI) was more than 25 kg/m(2), the rate of phlegm-dampness and dampness-heat constitution significantly increased, while the rate of qi-deficiency constitution declined; the discrepancy was significant (P=0.00). The prevalence rate of MS in military senior people was 35.3%, which did not vary among the three age groups. Phlegm-dampness, dampness-heat and qi-deficiency constitution were the three dominant constitutional types seen in the

  4. Measuring in situ dissolved methane concentrations in gas hydrate-rich systems, Part 1: Investigating the correlation between tectonics and methane release from sediments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lapham, L.; Wilson, R. M.; Paull, C. K.; Chanton, J.; Riedel, M.

    2010-12-01

    M, over most of the 9 month record. Mid-record, there is also a 2-week increase of methane to 55 mM. The stable isotopic composition shows some temporal variability, but for the most part, suggests this methane is of biogenic origin. This methane record will be extended to other sample depths and all data correlated to temperature changes, local tectonic activity, and concurrent methane sensor data obtained as part of Neptune Canada at a nearby site (Bullseye Vent). This novel data set expands our understanding of how shallow gas deposits respond to pressure, temperature, and tectonic changes.

  5. 产后抑郁及其相关心理社会因素调查%INVESTIGATIONS OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION AND CORRELATED PSYCHOSOCIALFACTORS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗辉

    2012-01-01

    [目的]探讨产后抑郁症的发病情况及其相关的心理社会因素,为早期心理卫生干预提供依据.[方法]采用爱丁堡抑郁量表及自拟的心理社会因素调查表对302例初产妇产后6周的抑郁状况进行测评分析.[结果]产后抑郁的发生率为8.61%.产妇的年龄、学历、职业、居住条件、产科并发症、产后睡眠状况、夫妻关系不同,对产后抑郁的影响差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);而产妇的家庭收入、分娩方式、婴儿性别、喂养方式不同,对产后抑郁影响差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).[结论]初产妇产后抑郁发生率较高,心理社会因素对产后抑郁的影响作用明显.应做好孕产妇在围产期中心理卫生保健工作,让产妇愉快地度过情感危险期,最终降低产褥期抑郁症.%[Objective] To delect and analyze the disease incidence and its correlated psychosocial factors of postpartum depression to provide bases for early mental health intervention. [Methods] Assessments of depression status were conducted with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Self-made Psychosocial Factor Questionnaire (SPFQ) in 300 primipara for 6 weeks after parturition. [Results] The incidence of postpartum depression was 8.33%. There were significant differences in effects of parturients' ages and educational history, occupations, dwell conditions, obstetrics complications, postnatal sleep status, spousal relationships, relation-ships of mothers and daughters-in-law on postpartum depression (P 0.05). [Conclusion] The incidence of postpartum depression in primipara is higher and influences of psychosocial factors on postpartum depression cannot be ignored.Menial health services should be thought highly of during perinatal period to make parturients live through affect crises enjoyably, accordingly to reduce the developments of postpartum depression.

  6. Investigation of correlations between different prostate-specific antigen forms and clinical and morphological characteristics of a tumor process in patients with prostate cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. S. Sergeeva

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Serum samples from 226 primary patients with prostate cancer (PC and a baseline total prostate-specific antigen (t-PSA of < 30.0 ng/ml were used to investigate f-PSA and [-2]proPSA levels and to calculate f-PSA%, [-2]proPSA%, and prostate health index (PHI. The findings were compared with cancer stage (pTNM and Gleason grade (Gleason index in accordance with a postoperative histological report. PHI was shown to have the best differentiating properties (pT2c/pT3a/pT3b; localized indolent PC / localized aggressive PC / locally advanced PC / PC with regional metastases; Gleason score 5-6 / Gleason score 7 (3+4 / Gleason score 7 (4+3.

  7. Investigation of empirical correlations on the determination of condensation heat transfer characteristics during downward annular flow of R134a inside a vertical smooth tube using artificial intelligence algorithms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Balcilar, Muhammet; Dalkilic, Ahmet Selim; Bolat, Berna [Yildiz Technical University, Istanbul (Turkmenistan); Wongwises, Somchai [King Mongkut' s University of Technology Thonburi, Bangkok (Thailand)

    2011-10-15

    The heat transfer characteristics of R134a during downward condensation are investigated experimentally and numerically. While the convective heat transfer coefficient, two-phase multiplier and frictional pressure drop are considered to be the significant variables as output for the analysis, inputs of the computational numerical techniques include the important two-phase flow parameters such as equivalent Reynolds number, Prandtl number, Bond number, Froude number, Lockhart and Martinelli number. Genetic algorithm technique (GA), unconstrained nonlinear minimization algorithm-Nelder-Mead method (NM) and non-linear least squares error method (NLS) are applied for the optimization of these significant variables in this study. Regression analysis gave convincing correlations on the prediction of condensation heat transfer characteristics using {+-}30% deviation band for practical applications. The most suitable coefficients of the proposed correlations are depicted to be compatible with the large number of experimental data by means of the computational numerical methods. Validation process of the proposed correlations is accomplished by means of the comparison between the various correlations reported in the literature.

  8. Characterization of Doped Amorphous Silicon Thin Films through the Investigation of Dopant Elements by Glow Discharge Spectrometry: A Correlation of Conductivity and Bandgap Energy Measurements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosario Pereiro

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The determination of optical parameters, such as absorption and extinction coefficients, refractive index and the bandgap energy, is crucial to understand the behavior and final efficiency of thin film solar cells based on hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H. The influence of small variations of the gas flow rates used for the preparation of the p-a-SiC:H layer on the bandgap energy, as well as on the dopant elements concentration, thickness and conductivity of the p-layer, is investigated in this work using several complementary techniques. UV-NIR spectrophotometry and ellipsometry were used for the determination of bandgap energies of four p-a-SiC:H thin films, prepared by using different B2H6 and SiH4 fluxes (B2H6 from 12 sccm to 20 sccm and SiH4 from 6 sccm to 10 sccm. Moreover, radiofrequency glow discharge optical emission spectrometry technique was used for depth profiling characterization of p-a-SiC:H thin films and valuable information about dopant elements concentration and distribution throughout the coating was found. Finally, a direct relationship between the conductivity of p-a-SiC:H thin films and the dopant elements concentration, particularly boron and carbon, was observed for the four selected samples.

  9. 武警某部战士个性特征及应对方式的调查与分析%Investigation and correlation analysis of armed policemen's personality characteristics and coping style in a unit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张金蕊; 林建坤

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨武警战士个性特征及应对方式的关系.方法 采用艾森克人格量表(EPQ)和应对方式问卷,选取某部武警战士163名进行调查.结果 武警战士个性特征以外向稳定为主,应对方式以解决问题和求助为主,外向与退避、自责、合理化负相关,与解决问题正相关;神经质、精神质与退避、幻想、自责正相关,与求助、解决问题负相关;掩饰性与退避、幻想、自责、合理化负相关,与求助、解决问题无显著相关性.结论 武警战士成熟应对方式与神经质、精神质呈显著负相关,与外向(高E)呈显著正相关;不成熟应对方式与外向(高E)、掩饰维度呈负相关,与神经质、精神质呈显著正相关.%Objective To study the relationship between the personality characteristics and the coping styles of armed policemen in a unit. Methods The EPQ and the coping style questionnaire were used to investigate 163 soldiers selected from a unit of Armed Police. Results The personality characteristics of soldiers were stability - based while the coping styles were mainly based on problem - solving and help - seeking. Extroversion correlated negatively with retreat, self - accusation and rationalization while positively with problem - solving. Neuroticism and psychoticism correlated positively with retreat, fantasy, self - accusation, while negatively with help - seeking and problem - solving. Concealing had a negative correlation with retreat, fantasy, self- accusation and rationalization , but it had no significant correlation with help - seeking and problem - solving. Conclusions The mature coping style of the soldier has a significant negative correlation with neuroticism and psychoticism, and has a significant positive correlation with extro-version(E) . However immature coping style has a significant negative correlation with extroversion(E) and concealing, and has a significant positive correlation with neuroticism and psychoticism.

  10. 精神分裂症后抑郁的调查及相关分析%The investigation and correlation analysis on Post-schizophrenic Depression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴雪芬; 刘刚正

    2014-01-01

    目的:对精神分裂症患者抑郁状况调查分析,了解抑郁发生率,主要抑郁症状表现。方法对符合 icd-10精神分裂症诊断标准120例住院精神分裂症患者,采用临床观察及问卷调查方式,对具有伴抑郁症状的精神分裂症患者进行统计,以了解其抑郁发生率、抑郁症状的主要临床表现。结果精神分裂症后抑郁症状发生率为35.8%,主要临床表现为情绪低落、焦虑、自我评价过低、兴趣减少以及思考能力下降、消极言行等。结论精神分裂症患者后期抑郁发生率较高,表现较突出,需要积极治疗及干预。%Objective investigation on schizophrenia patients with depression,understand their incidence of depression, major clinical manifestation of depressive symptoms. Methods 120 cases of hospitalized patients with schizophrenia by standard of icd-10 schizophrenia diagnosis,based on the clinical observation and the questionnaire survey, statistics on depressive symptoms in patients with schizophrenia to understand the clinical manifestations of their rates of depression and the major depressive symptoms.Results incidence of depression in hospitalized patients with chronic schizophrenia is 35.8%, Main manifestations of depression are anxiety, low self-evaluation, decline in interest as well as the ability to think,and negative words.it’s necessary to give patients effective intervention measures as well as timely treatment and nursing.

  11. The roles of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids in the process of aggregation of natural marine organic matter investigated by means of 2D correlation spectroscopy applied to infrared spectra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mecozzi, Mauro; Pietrantonio, Eva; Pietroletti, Marco

    2009-01-01

    In this paper the marine organic matter soluble in an alkaline medium called extractable humic substance (EHS), was extracted from three sediment samples of Tyrrhenian Sea and separated by precipitation at pH 2 in the two fractions of fulvic acids (FAs) and humic acids (HAs). FAs were further fractionated in seven sub-samples of different molecular weight (mw) by means of seven different ultrafiltration membranes operating in the range between mw 100 kDa. Then the qualitative composition of each sample of fractionated FAs and HAs was studied by means of one-dimensional Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy in reflectance mode (FTIR-DRIFT) and by two-dimensional (2D) correlation spectroscopy both in wavelength-wavelength (WW) and in sample-sample (SS) mode. The application of 2D correlation WW spectroscopy allows to elucidate the different roles played by carbohydrates and proteins with respect to some lipid compounds such as fatty acids and ester fatty acids during the process of aggregate formations from mw ˜1 kDa to higher size aggregates. In addition, 2D correlation WW spectroscopy allows to observe some peculiar interactions between carbohydrates and proteins in the formation of EHS aggregates, interactions which vary from a sample to another sample. The results of 2D correlation SS spectroscopy confirm the general evidences obtained by 2D WW spectroscopy and moreover, they also describe the formation of EHS aggregates as a complex process where evolutionary links and connectivity between aggregates of neighbour molecular size ranges are not evident. Two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy applied to FTIR spectroscopy shows to be a powerful tool for the investigation of the mechanisms involved in EHS aggregation because it supports the acquisition of structural information which sometimes can be hardly obtained by one-dimensional FTIR spectroscopy.

  12. Score Correlation

    OpenAIRE

    Fabián, Z. (Zdeněk)

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we study a distribution-dependent correlation coefficient based on the concept of scalar score. This new measure of association of continuous random variables is compared by means of simulation experiments with the Pearson, Kendall and Spearman correlation coefficients.

  13. Investigation of the depression in the elderly widows living alone and the correlation factors%丧偶独居老年人抑郁状况及相关因素的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺新艳; 栾霞; 刘丽杰

    2010-01-01

    目的 调查丧偶独居老年人的抑郁状况及影响因素以便采取有效的干预措施.方法 采用老年抑郁量表(GDS)及自行设计问卷对某社区内的160例丧偶后独居老年人进行问卷调查.结果 62.5%的老人存在不同程度的抑郁情绪,其主要原因与情感障碍、疾病的影响、经济状况、社会支持缺失及缺乏必要的社会活动有关(P<0.01).结论 丧偶独居老人抑郁发生率高,影响因素复杂,应引起社会和家庭的关注,以改善老人的健康状况,提高生活质量.%Objective To investigate the status of depression in the elderly widows living alone and the correlation factors for taking effective measures to intervene. Methods Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) as an assessment tool for depression. We investigated 160 cases in one community with self-designed questionnaire for the correlation factors of depression. Results 62.5% of the elderly showed various degrees of depression, which correlate with mood disorder, disease, economy, lack of social support and lack of necessary social activities (P < 0. 01). Conclusions The widowed elderly people living alone has a high incidence of depression, the influencing factors is complicate , society and the family should be concerned on widowed elderly people to improve their health status and quality of life.

  14. The Length of the Greater Palatine Canal in a Lebanese Population: a Radio-anatomical Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aoun, Georges; Nasseh, Ibrahim

    2016-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the length of the greater palatine canal in a Lebanese population using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) technology. Material and methods: In this study, we measured the length of 148 greater palatine canals in 74 CBCT images of Lebanese adult patients (38 females and 36 males). The data obtained was analyzed statistically to determine 1) if age is related to the length of the canal, 2) if the length of the left side tends to be systematically larger or smaller than the length of the right side, and 3) if the mean length of the canals in females is different than the one in males. Results: In a sagittal plane, the average length of the greater palatine canal was 30.62 (30.64 mm on the right and 30.60 mm on the left). Conclusion: Within the limits of this study, we concluded that in our sample in a Lebanese population, the length of the greater palatine canal does not significantly vary according to age, gender, and side. PMID:28077902

  15. Feasibility assessment of shear wave elastography to lumbar back muscles: A Radioanatomic Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Creze, Maud; Nyangoh Timoh, Krystel; Gagey, Olivier; Rocher, Laurence; Bellin, Marie-France; Soubeyrand, Marc

    2017-09-01

    Low back pain is often associated with tensional changes in the paraspinal muscles detected by palpatory procedures. Shear wave elastography (SWE), recently introduced, allows the stiffness of muscles to be assessed noninvasively. The aim of this work was to study the feasibility of using SWE on the three main lumbar back muscles (multifidus, longissimus, and iliocostalis) in vivo after analyzing their muscular architecture ex vivo. We determined the orientation of fibers in the multifidus, longissimus, and iliocotalis muscles in seven fresh cadavers using gross anatomy and B-Mode ultrasound imaging. We then quantified the stiffness of these three muscles at the L3 level ex vivo and in 16 healthy young adults. Little pennation was observed in the longissimus and iliocostalis, in which the direction of fibers was almost parallel to the line of spinous processes. The multifidus appeared as a multiceps and multipennate muscle. Given the random layering of millimetric fascicles, tendons, and fatty spaces, the multifidus had multiple fiber orientations. Muscular fascicles and fibers were oriented from 9° to 22° to the line of spinous processes. The shear moduli related to stiffness were 6.9 ± 2.7 kPa for the longissimus, 4.9 ± 1.4 kPa for the iliocostalis, and 5.4 ± 1.6 kPa for the multifidus. SWE is a feasible method for quantifying the stiffness of the lumbar back muscles. Clin. Anat. 30:774-780, 2017. © 2017Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  16. Radio-anatomical analysis of the pericranial flap "money box approach" for ventral skull base reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santamaría, Alfonso; Langdon, Cristóbal; López-Chacon, Mauricio; Cordero, Arturo; Enseñat, Joaquim; Carrau, Ricardo; Bernal-Sprekelsen, Manuel; Alobid, Isam

    2017-03-21

    To evaluate the versatility of the pericranial flap (PCF) to reconstruct the ventral skull base, using the frontal sinus as a gate for its passage into the sinonasal corridor "money box approach." Anatomic-radiological study and case series. Various approaches and their respective defects (cribriform, transtuberculum, clival, and craniovertebral junction) were completed in 10 injected specimens. The PCF was introduced into the nose through the uppermost portion of the frontal sinus (money box approach). Computed tomography (CT) scans (n = 50) were used to measure the dimensions of the PCF and the skull base defects. The vertical projection of the external ear canal was used as the reference point to standardize the incisions for the PCF. The surface area and maximum length of the PCF were 121.5 ± 19.4 cm(2) and 18.3 ± 1.3 cm, respectively. Using CT scans, we determined that to reconstruct defects secondary to transcribriform, transtuberculum, clival, and craniovertebral approaches, the PCF distal incision must be placed respectively at -3.7 ± 2.0 cm (angle -17.4 ± 8.5°), -0.2 ± 2.0 cm (angle -1.0 ± 9.3°), +5.5 ± 2.3 cm (angle +24.4 ± 9.7°), +8.4 ± 2.4 cm (angle +36.6 ± 11.5°), as related to the reference point. Skull base defects in our clinical cohort (n = 6) were completely reconstructed uneventfully with the PCF. The PCF renders enough surface area to reconstruct all possible defects in the ventral and median skull base. Using the uppermost frontal sinus as a gateway into the nose (money box approach) is feasible and simple. NA Laryngoscope, 2017. © 2017 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.

  17. Investigations on Substrate Temperature-Induced Growth Modes of Organic Semiconductors at Dielectric/semiconductor Interface and Their Correlation with Threshold Voltage Stability in Organic Field-Effect Transistors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padma, Narayanan; Maheshwari, Priya; Bhattacharya, Debarati; Tokas, Raj B; Sen, Shashwati; Honda, Yoshihide; Basu, Saibal; Pujari, Pradeep Kumar; Rao, T V Chandrasekhar

    2016-02-10

    Influence of substrate temperature on growth modes of copper phthalocyanine (CuPc) thin films at the dielectric/semiconductor interface in organic field effect transistors (OFETs) is investigated. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) imaging at the interface reveals a change from 'layer+island' to "island" growth mode with increasing substrate temperatures, further confirmed by probing the buried interfaces using X-ray reflectivity (XRR) and positron annihilation spectroscopic (PAS) techniques. PAS depth profiling provides insight into the details of molecular ordering while positron lifetime measurements reveal the difference in packing modes of CuPc molecules at the interface. XRR measurements show systematic increase in interface width and electron density correlating well with the change from layer + island to coalesced huge 3D islands at higher substrate temperatures. Study demonstrates the usefulness of XRR and PAS techniques to study growth modes at buried interfaces and reveals the influence of growth modes of semiconductor at the interface on hole and electron trap concentrations individually, thereby affecting hysteresis and threshold voltage stability. Minimum hole trapping is correlated to near layer by layer formation close to the interface at 100 °C and maximum to the island formation with large voids between the grains at 225 °C.

  18. Correlator technology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schooneveld, C. van

    1968-01-01

    The paper reviews a number of designs of cross-correlation receivers for the detection of active underwater transmissions. Particular attention is given to the various structures of phase insensitive receivers, and to the problems concerned with clipping of the input signal and the reference functio

  19. Investigation of hyperfine interactions in pure silicon and NTD silicon by means of perturbed angular {gamma}-{gamma} correlation spectroscopy; Investigacao de interacoes hiperfinas em silicio puro e silicio NTD pela tecnica de correlacao angular {gamma}-{gamma} perturbada

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cordeiro, Moacir Ribeiro

    2007-07-01

    III the present work, a microscopic investigation of hyperfine interactions in single crystal silicon samples was carried out by means of Perturbed Angular {gamma} -{gamma} correlation technique (PAC), which is based in hyperfine interactions. In order to achieve these measurements, it was used {sup 111} In {yields} {sup 111}Cd radioactive probe nuclei, which decay through the well known {gamma} cascade 171-245 keV with an intermediate level of 245 keV ( I 5{sup +}/2, Q = 0.83b, T{sub 1/2} = 84.5 ns). The samples were prepared using different probe nuclei insertion methods, making possible to increase our understanding on the impact generated by each of these techniques in PAC measurements. Ion implantation, diffusion and evaporation were carefully investigated giving emphasis on its characteristics and particularities. Then, it was made a study about the concentration of intrinsic defects as function of severe annealing processes. Finally, a comparative analysis was made for all these probe nuclei insertion methods. This work also accomplished PAC measurements in single crystal silicon doped with phosphorus by means of Neutron Transmutation Doping (NTD) method, carried out in a research nuclear reactor. The extremely high doping uniformity allied to the nonexistence of previous measurements in these materials emphasize the importance of the results obtained. These results are then compared with literature results for samples doped by conventional methods presenting the respective conclusions. (author)

  20. 深圳市树木花粉调查及其与气候要素相关性研究%Investigation of Tree Pollen and Its Correlation with Climatic Elements in Shenzhen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李兴永; 肖小军; 孙宏治; 何韶衡; 刘志刚; 杨平常

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨深圳市树木花粉的种类、数量及季节消长规律与气候要素的相关性,为本地区植被的绿化和花粉症防治提供有效资料。方法应用 Burkard 采样器于2013年2月1日至2013年10月31日对深圳市(选定深圳市深圳大学校园空旷地带作为监测站)树木花粉浓度进行监测,并对花粉浓度进行统计学分析。结果共收集花粉21325粒,其中树木花粉19823粒,占总数的92.9%。鉴定树木花粉23种,以松科(27.0%)和大戟科(13.7%)为主,其他依次为:木麻黄科、杉科、桃金娘科、木樨科、无患子科、桑科、杨柳科等。深圳市全年均有树木花粉飘散,存在2个高峰分别在2-4月和9-10月。树木花粉的传播与日照时数、气压和风速呈正相关;与平均气温、相对湿度和降雨量呈负相关(均P<0.05)。结论根据深圳市树木花粉的种类、数量及季节消长规律及与气候要素的相关性结果,可以为本地区植被的绿化和花粉症防治提供有效资料。%Objective To investigate the types and concentrations of tree pollen and their corre-lation with seasonal fluctuation and climatic elements in Shenzhen,and to provide the effective in-formation for the afforestation and pollinosis prevention.Methods The airborne pollens were col-lected with a Burkard pollen sampler on Shenzhen university campus from February 1,2013 to October 31,2013.The pollen concentrations were analyzed statistically.Results A total of 21 325 pollen grains were collected,including 19 823 tree pollen grains(92.9%).Twenty-three types of pollen were identified,mainly including Pinaceae pollen(27.0%)and Euphorbiacea pollen(13.7%).The others were Casuarinaceae,Taxodiaceae,Myrtaceaee,Osmanthus,Sapindaceae,Moraceae and Sali-caceae.Tree pollen drift occurred all year round with two peaks in spring(February to April)and autumn(September to October),respectively.The dissemination of tree

  1. Electron correlation in beryllium

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Omiste, Juan J.; Li, Wenliang; Madsen, Lars Bojer

    2017-01-01

    We apply a three-dimensional implementation of the time-dependent restricted-active-space self-consistent-field (TD-RASSCF) method to investigate effects of electron correlation in the ground state of Be as well as in its photoionization dynamics by short XUV pulses, including time delay in photo......We apply a three-dimensional implementation of the time-dependent restricted-active-space self-consistent-field (TD-RASSCF) method to investigate effects of electron correlation in the ground state of Be as well as in its photoionization dynamics by short XUV pulses, including time delay...... schemes, and in this way we identify the orbital spaces that are relevant for an accurate description of the photoelectron spectra. Finally, we investigate the effects of electron correlation on the magnitude of the relative Eisenbud-Wigner-Smith (EWS) time delay in the photoionization process into two...... different ionic channels. One channel, the ground-state channel in the ion, is accessible without electron correlation. The other channel is only accessible when including electron correlation. For theory beyond the mean-field time-dependent Hartree-Fock, the EWS time delay for the photon energy analyzed...

  2. Correlation spectrometer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinclair, Michael B.; Pfeifer, Kent B.; Flemming, Jeb H.; Jones, Gary D.; Tigges, Chris P.

    2010-04-13

    A correlation spectrometer can detect a large number of gaseous compounds, or chemical species, with a species-specific mask wheel. In this mode, the spectrometer is optimized for the direct measurement of individual target compounds. Additionally, the spectrometer can measure the transmission spectrum from a given sample of gas. In this mode, infrared light is passed through a gas sample and the infrared transmission signature of the gasses present is recorded and measured using Hadamard encoding techniques. The spectrometer can detect the transmission or emission spectra in any system where multiple species are present in a generally known volume.

  3. Correlation investigation of glucose level with blood lipid level in inpatients with type 2 diabetes%住院2型糖尿病患者血糖水平和血脂水平相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢冰; 方玲娜; 钟绍; 沈鲜安; 朱文华

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the correlation of glucose level with blood lipid level in patients with type 2 diabetes.Methods The level of GLU,TG,TC,HDL-C and LDL-C,Apo A1,ApoB and Apo(a) of 344 inpatients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM group) and 80 healthy person (contuol group)were measured,then the results were compared and analyzed.Results The level of TG,TC,LDL-C,ApoB,Apo(a) of T2DM group was significantly higher than than those of control group,and level of HDL-C,ApoA was significantly lower than that of control group,the difference was significant (P < 0.05).With glucose level increasing,the level of TG,TC,LDL-C,ApoB and Apo(a) increased accordingly,the level of HDL-C and ApoA1 decrease accordingly,and level of TG,TC,LDL-C,ApoB and Apo (a) had positive correlation with glucose level,correlation coefficients r were 0.148,0.180,0.141,0.218,0.250(P <0.01).Conclusions Each index level of blood lipid of inpatients with type 2 diabetes has significant difference with normal control group and has certain correlation with glucose level,this is maybe the reason that lead to cardiovascular complications of patients with type 2 diabetes.%目的 探讨住院2型糖尿病患者血糖水平与血脂水平之间的关系.方法 测定344例住院2型糖尿病患者(T2DM组)和80例健康体检者(对照组)空腹血糖(GLU)水平和三酰甘油(TG)、总胆固醇(TC)、高密度脂蛋白胆固醇(HDL-C)、低密度脂蛋白胆固醇(LDL-C)、载脂蛋白A1(ApoA1)、载脂蛋白B(ApoB)、脂蛋白(a)[Apo(a)]水平,并对结果进行比较分析.结果 T2DM组TG、TC、LDL-C、ApoB、Apo(a)水平明显高于对照组,HDL-C、ApoA1水平明显低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);随着血糖升高,TG、TC、LDL-C、ApoB、Apo(a)水平相应的升高,HDL-C、ApoA1水平相应下降,其中TG、TC、LDL-C、ApoB、Apo(a)水平与血糖水平呈正相关,相关系数r分别为0.148、0.180、0.141、0.218、0.250(P<0.01).结论 2型糖尿病患者血脂各项指

  4. Spectroscopic investigations on NO+(X1∑+, a3∑+,A1Ⅱ) ion using multi-reference configuration interaction method and correlation-consistent sextuple basis set augmented with diffuse functions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Jin-Ping; Cheng Xin-Lu; Zhang Hong; Yang Xiang-Dong

    2011-01-01

    Three low-lying electronic states (X1∑+, a3∑+, and A1Ⅱ) of NO+ ion are studied using the complete active space self-consistent-field (CASSCF) method followed by highly accurate valence internally contracted multi-reference configuration interaction (MRCI) approach in combination of the correlation-consistent sextuple basis set augmented with diffuse functions, aug-cc-pV6Z. The potential energy curves (PECs) of the NO+(X1∑+, a3∑+, A1Ⅱ) are calculated. Based on the PECs, the spectroscopic parameters Re, De, ωe, ωeXe, αe, Be, and D0 are reproduced, which are in excellent agreement with the available measurements. By numerically solving the radial Schr(o)dinger equation of nuclear motion using the Numerov method, the first 20 vibrational levels, inertial rotation and centrifugal distortion constants of NO+(X1∑+, a3∑+, A1Ⅱ) ion are derived when the rotational quantum number J is equal to zero (J = 0)for the first time, which accord well with the available measurements. Finally, the analytical potential energy functions of these states are fitted, which are used to accurately derive the first 20 classical turning points when J = 0. These results are compared in detail with those of previous investigations reported in the literature.

  5. Investigate the correlation between clinical sign and symptoms and the presence of P. gingivalis, T. denticola, and T. forsythia individually or as a "Red complex" by a multiplex PCR method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tulsi Hasmukhrai Sanghavi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between endodontic clinical signs and symptoms and the presence of Porphyromonas gingivalis, Treponema denticola, and Tannerella forsythia or their association by Multiplex polymerase chain reaction assay. Materials and Methods: Microbial samples were taken from 30 cases with necrotic pulp tissues in primary infections. DNA was extracted from the samples, which were analyzed for the presence of three endodontic pathogens by using species-specific primers. Results: P. gingivalis, T. denticola, T. forsythia, and Red Complex were present in 11, 17, 4, and 2 canals, respectively. Clinical and statistically significant relationships were found between T. forsythia and mobility and between T. denticola and swelling. (P < 0.05. Presence of other Red complex bacteria shows clinical association with presence of signs and symptoms but no statistically significant relationship. Conclusion: The high prevalence of P. gingivalis, T. denticola, and T. forsythia in the examined samples suggests that these bacteria are related to the etiology of symptomatic periradicular diseases.

  6. Investigation and correlation analysis of maternal nutrition knowledge-attitude-practice in Wuhan%武汉市孕妇营养知识、态度及行为调查及其相关分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪静; 叶晓娟; 宋琪; 姚静; 杨年红

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解武汉市孕妇营养知识、态度及行为情况,探讨三者之间的相关性。方法采用问卷方法调查武汉市608例孕妇的一般情况和营养知识、态度及行为(KAP)。结果武汉市孕妇的营养KAP水平总得分为(69.41±12.20)分,及格率为68.75%,孕妇营养认知水平处于中等偏下水平;营养态度较好;孕妇营养知识、态度和行为三者之间存在明显的正相关( r值分别为0.132、0.794、0.197,均P<0.01);孕妇文化程度和职业与营养KAP水平有相关性,不同文化程度和不同职业孕妇营养KAP水平存在显著差异性( r值分别为0.572、0.424,均P<0.01)。结论武汉市孕妇的营养知识和行为需进一步加强和改善,应根据孕妇文化程度、职业等采取不同方式的孕妇营养健康知识宣教,指导孕妇科学合理的安排饮食,促进孕妇健康,保护胎儿正常生长发育。%Objective To investigate the pregnant women ’ s nutrition knowledge , attitude and behavior ( knowledge-attitude-practice, KAP) and analyze their correlation .Methods Questionnaires were used to survey 608 pregnant women in Wuhan including general conditions and nutrition KAP .Results The total score of Wuhan maternal nutrition KAP level was 69.41 ±12.20 with 68.75%of passing rate.Pregnant women ’ s cognitive level of nutrition was in middle with good attitude .There was a significant correlation among maternal nutrition knowledge, attitude and behavior (r value was 0.132, 0.794 and 0.197, respectively, all P<0.01).Nutrition KAP level was correlated with maternal education level and occupation , and there were significant differences in maternal nutrition KAP between pregnant women with different education level and profession (r value was 0.572 and 0.424, respectively, both P<0.01).Conclusion Maternal nutrition knowledge and behavior in Wuhan city need to be further strengthened and improved

  7. Investigation and correlation study of obstetrics nurses' self - concept and job burnout%产科护士自我概念与职业倦怠调查及相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张金秋; 李遵清

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the situation of obstetrics nurses'job burnout and self - concept,and explore their correlation,provide the intervention basis for nursing managers.Methods A total of 120 obstetrics nurses were investigated by Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and Tennessee Serf-Concept Scale (TSCS),the result was compared and analyzed with the software of SPSS.Results ①The relevance ratio that the nurses were job burnout was 70.0 percent,mild degree was 24.2 percent,moderate degree was 33.3 percent,severe was 12.5 percent.②Except serf-criticism in the nurse with job burnout was higher than that in the nurse without job burnout,the others factors of self - concept in the former were lower than those in the latter ( P < 0.01 ).③There was high correlation between MBI and TSCS.Conclusions The obstetrics nurses have varying degrees job burnout and negative self - concept,shaping active self - concept,improving the level of self - understanding is conducive to relieve job burnout degree.%目的 调查了解产科护士职业倦怠与自我概念的状况,探讨二者之间的相关性,为护理管理者提供干预依据.方法 采用中文版M氏职业倦怠量表(MBI)和田纳西自我概念量表(TSCS)对120名产科护士进行问卷调查,将结果输入SPSS统计软件进行比较和相关性分析.结果 ①职业倦怠护士检出率为70.0%,其中,轻度占24.2%,中度占33.3%,重度占12.5%.②职业倦怠护士与非职业倦怠护士在MBI评分上差异显著(P<0.01).职业倦怠护士除自我批评因子评分明显高于非职业倦怠护士外,其余自我概念各因子评分均明显低于非职业倦怠护士,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.01).③MBI各维度与TSCS各因子具有高度相关性(P<0.01).结论 产科护士存在不同程度的职业倦怠和消极的自我概念.塑造积极的自我概念,提高自我认识水平,有助于减轻职业倦怠程度.

  8. An Investigation of Dental Caries and the Correlative Factors Analysis in 12 Year-old Children in Kunming%昆明市区12岁儿童龋病调查及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳欣; 朱瑾; 冯娟; 田为毅; 杜琳玲

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the current condition of dental caries in 12 year-old children in Kunming and analyze the correlation between oral health behavior and caries, and to provide scientific basis for prevention of caries and oral health education. Methods The oral examination and questionnaire were designed for 12 years-old primary school students of Kunming to analyze prevalence rate of caries and DMFT. The survey data were analyzed by Sperman correlation. Results The prevalence of caries of 600 students was 40% , and DMFT was 0.815. There was significant relationship between caries and good brushing habits, regular inspection and the use of fluoride (P0.05). Eating fresh fruit was beneficial to reduce the incidence of disease, the differences was statically significant (P < 0.05 ). Conclusions The prevalence of caries and DMFT in 12 year-old age group are relatively high. We should strengthen the parents, children's oral health education, adopting a good oral health behavior habits, and setup the good control concept.%目的 了解昆明市区12岁儿童患龋状况,分析龋病与口腔健康行为的相关性,为龋病的预防及针对性的口腔健康教育提供科学依据.方法 对昆明市区12岁年龄组儿童600人进行口腔检查及问卷调查,分析儿童牙齿的患龋率和龋均,将调查数据进行Sperman相关分析,结果 600名受检者中患龋率为40%,龋均0.815.良好的刷牙习惯、定期检查、氟化物的使用有利于减低龋病的发生,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),牙线使用与龋病无明显相关性,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).糖果、巧克力、碳酸饮料、加糖果汁等含糖食物与儿童患龋有相关性,3餐间加餐(含糖)危险度明显高于不加餐者,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).喝牛奶与龋病无明显相关性,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).多吃新鲜水果有利于降低龋病的发生,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 12岁年龄组患

  9. Investigation on correlation between personality traits and mental health of officers and soldiers in Asian peacekeeping forces%亚洲维和官兵人格特征与心理健康状况的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张理义; 唐开宏; 郭健; 林海; 陈春霞; 姚高峰

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨亚洲三国维和官兵人格特征与心理健康状况的关系,为我国维和官兵的心理干预提供参考.方法 随机抽取2007年印度、巴基斯坦和孟加拉国赴利比里亚维和官兵380名作为研究对象,于到达维和任务区第7天和第120天采用《中国军人心理健康量表》(CMMHS)和《艾森克人格问卷》(EPQ)对其进行测评.结果 除焦虑因子分外,第120天时维和官兵CMMHS量表的总分及其他各因子分均显著低于第7天(P<0.05或0.01).单因素直线相关分析显示,维和官兵CMMHS总分及精神病性、神经衰弱因子分前后两次的差值与神经质分量表得分呈正相关(P<0.05或0.01),抑郁因子分前后两次的差值与内外向分量表呈负相关(P<0.01).多元逐步回归分析显示,内外向、神经质分别进入以抑郁、精神病性、神经衰弱及CMMHS总分差值为因变量的回归方程(P<0.05或0.01).结论 亚洲维和官兵的人格特征与心理健康状况关系密切,人格特征能明显影响个体的心理健康状况.%Objective To investigate the correlation between personality traits and mental health of officers and soldiers dispatched from three countries (India, Pakistan and Bangladesh) in Asian peacekeeping forces to provide reference for psychological interventions for Chinese peacekeepers. Methods A total of 380 peacekeepers dispatched by the three countries mentioned above to Liberia were selected by random sampling and were tested by Chinese Military Mental Health Scale (CMMHS) and Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) on the 7th day and the 120th day after their arrival at the peacekeeping mission area. ResultS The total and each factor score of CMMHS (except anxiety) on the 7th day test and the 120th day test were significantly different (the farmer > the latter, P<0.05 or 0.01). Univariate correlation analysis showed that the total CMMHS score and difference value in psychosis score and neurasthenia score

  10. Investigation and analysis of correlation between postoperative pain and life quality in patients with esophageal cancer%食管癌患者术后疼痛与生活质量相关性的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦雪虹; 李文玉; 吴超儿; 郑嘉奕

    2011-01-01

    目的 调查食管癌患者术后的疼痛程度,了解食管癌术后疼痛对患者生活质量的影响,为治疗护理提供依据.方法 对2008年10月至2010年3月入住的276例食管癌患者采用简明McGill疼痛问卷(SF-MPQ)和简明疼痛调查表(BPI)测量患者术后疼痛性质强度以及对于生活质量的影响.结果 非体力劳动者术后的疼痛感强于体力劳动者,患者的文化程度与PRI情绪分成正相关,2项差异显著;术后的疼痛与年龄及性别无显著差异.疼痛越严重,对生活质量的影响也越大,疼痛对日常生活、情绪、活动能力、睡眠和生活乐趣的影响之间关系差异显著.结论 食管癌患者术后仍然存在较严重的疼痛,并且对生活质量以及术后体疗产生影响,需要加强对疼痛管理的重视,采取更精确的评估,以指导控制疼痛,提高生活质量.%Objective To investigate the degree of pain for patients with esophageal cancer undergoing surgery, evaluate the influence of pain on life quality, and provide evidence for therapy and nursing. Methods The SF-MPQ and BPI were used to measure the quality and intensity of the pain, and the influence on the life quality. Results Non-manual workers feeled more pain than the manual workers; the degree of the patients' education background positively correlated with PRI emotional score;postoperative pain did not correlated with ages and gender. The more pain, the worse influence on life quality. The pain affected the daily life, emotions, locomotor ability, sleep and enjoyment of life significantly. Conclusions There still existed serious pain in patients with esophageal cancer underwent surgery,and the pain affects the quality of life and postoperative treatment. Nurses should pay close attention to pain management, adopt more accurate evaluation so as to guide the pain control and improve the life quality.

  11. Investigate Chronic Urticaria Patient' s Condition Correlating to C3, C4 of Peripheral Blood%外周血C3,C4与慢性荨麻疹患者病情的相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何泽生; 安国芝; 赵海春

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨慢性荨麻疹(chronic urticaria,CU)患者外周血C3,C4水平与病情的相关性.方法 采用免疫比浊法检测19例急性荨麻疹(acute urticaria,AU)、146例CU患者的外周血C3,C4及IgG水平,并以20例健康人为对照.并通过荨麻疹活动评分(UAS)对165例荨麻疹患者的病情进行评分.结果 AU,CU患者外周血的C3,C4及IgG水平差异均无统计学意义(P均>0.05).男女性CU患者外周血的C3,C4及IgG水平差异均无统计学意义(P均>0.05).32例CU患者IgG水平高于正常值(IgG> 17g/L),与C3,C4水平呈负相关(P<0.05).UAS与荨麻疹外用血的C3,C4及IgG水平相关性差,差异无统计学意义(P均>0.05),但与IgG水平升高CU患者的C3,C4水平呈负相关,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 外周血C3,C4水平可以反应IgG水平升高的CU患者的病情.%Objective To investigate the expression of C3, C4 and IgG in peripheral blood of patients with chronic urti-caria(CU) and its correlationship with CU patients' severity. Methods The expression of C3, C4 and IgG was measured by Immune Turbidimetry in 19 patients with acute urticaria( AU), 146 patients with CU and 20 normal controls. The severity of 165 patients with uricaria was evaluated by Urticaria Activity Score (UAS). Results There were no statistically difference in the expression of C3, C4 and IgG between AU and CU patients(P>0.05) , between male and female CU patients respectively(P>0. 05). The expression of IgG was higher than normal control(IgC > 17g/L) in 32 CU patients, and showed negative correlation with the expression of C3 and C4( P < 0. 05 ). UAS was poor relation to the expression of C3 , C4 and IgG in urticaria patient's peripheral blood, but was negative correlation to the levels of C3, C4 in CU patients whose expression of IgG was higher than normal control( P <0.05). Conclusion The expression of C3, C4 could respond to the severity of CU patients whose expression of IgG is higher than normal control.

  12. Neural Correlates of Gratitude

    OpenAIRE

    Glenn Ryan Fox; Jonas eKaplan; Hanna eDamasio; Antonio eDamasio

    2015-01-01

    Gratitude is an important aspect of human sociality, and is valued by religions and moral philosophies. It has been established that gratitude leads to benefits for both mental health and interpersonal relationships. It is thus important to elucidate the neurobiological correlates of gratitude, which are only now beginning to be investigated. To this end, we conducted an experiment during which we induced gratitude in participants while they underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging. ...

  13. Quantum correlations and measurements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sperling, Jan

    2015-07-16

    The present thesis is a state of the art report on the characterization techniques and measurement strategies to verify quantum correlations. I mainly focus on research which has been performed in the theoretical quantum optics group at the University of Rostock during the last few years. The results include theoretical findings and analysis of experimental studies of radiation fields. We investigate the verification of quantum properties, the quantification of these quantum effects, and the characterization of quantum optical detector systems.

  14. RECESSION AND INTERNATIONAL MARKET CORRELATIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Elaine Jones

    2009-01-01

    This paper investigates the relationships between various world stock indices from June 2007 to May 2009. The primary concern is whether the recession and the higher variance in daily market returns impact correlations between market indices. The results suggest that the correlations between daily returns on market indices are higher during the recession period of September 2008 to May 2009.

  15. Personality Correlates of Polydrug Abuse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilpatrick, Dean G.; And Others

    Although the personality correlates of heroin addiction, LSD use, and marijuana smoking have been frequently investigated, relatively few data are available to describe the personality or lifestyle variables correlated with the pattern of polydrug abuse. In an attempt to gather such information, 17 polydrug users, selected from a group of 224…

  16. 童年晚期儿童感知的班级环境与攻击行为的关系%AN INVESTIGATION ON TEH CORRELATION BETWEEN CLASSROOM ENVIRONMENT PERCEIVED BY CHILDREN AND AGGRESSION IN LATER CHILDHOOD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩斌; 纪林芹; 张文新

    2011-01-01

    以452名小学六年级儿童为被试,采用儿童攻击行为同伴评定问卷和班级环境问卷,考察童年晚期儿童感知的班级环境与攻击行为的关系.结果发现:1)感知的班级环境各维度中,师生关系能显著负向预测身体攻击,同学关系能显著负向预测身体攻击和关系攻击,学习负担能显著正向预测身体攻击和关系攻击.秩序与纪律和竞争两个维度不能显著预测身体攻击和关系攻击.2)童年晚期儿童身体攻击、关系攻击存在班级环境类型差异.具体表现为,问题型班级环境类型儿童的身体攻击和关系攻击水平高于积极型和一般型班级环境类型儿童.%This research investigates the correlation between classroom environment perceived by children and aggression by surveying 452 students on grade 6 using the questionnaire named “my class” and Peer assessment questionnaire of aggression. The results showed: 1 ) In the dimensions of classroom environment, teacher - student relationship could significantly negatively predict physical aggression. Student relationship could significantly negatively predict physical aggression and relation aggression. Learning burden could significantly positively predict physical aggression and relation aggression. Discipline and competition couldn' t significantly predict aggression. 2) Three distinctive types of classroom environment were identified: positive, average, conflict, and there were significant differences between three types of classroom environment on physical aggression and relation aggression.And children's level of aggression who come from classroom environment of conflict is higher than that who come from classroom environment of positive and average. Then, physical aggression showed significant gender difference. And boys' level of physical aggression is higher than girls'. However, there is no significant gender differences on relation aggression.

  17. Three-Particle Azimuthal Correlations

    CERN Document Server

    Ulery, J G

    2007-01-01

    Two-particle azimuthal correlations reveal broadened and softened away-side correlations. Several different physics mechanisms are possible: large angle gluon radiation, deflected jets, and conical flow or Cerenkov radiation. Three-particle correlations are investigated to try to discriminate these mechanisms. We present results on 3-particle azimuthal correlations between a trigger particle of 3

  18. On a correlational clustering of integers

    OpenAIRE

    Aszalós László; Hajdu Lajos (1968-) (matematikus); Pethő Attila (1950-) (matematikus, informatikus)

    2016-01-01

    Correlation clustering is a concept of machine learning. The ultimate goal of such a clustering is to find a partition with minimal conflicts. In this paper we investigate a correlation clustering of integers, based upon the greatest common divisor.

  19. 心血管内科护士职业紧张与职业倦怠状况调查研究%The investigation on occupational stress and job burnout situations and their correlate in cardiovascular nurses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁抗宁; 宋雅璠; 王蓉; 武艳妮

    2013-01-01

    目的:调查心血管内科护士职业紧张和职业倦怠状况,分析与内科其他各专科护士的差别,探讨职业紧张与职业倦怠之间的相关性,为医院护理临床岗位管理及护理绩效考核提供依据.方法:随机抽取西安市三级甲等综合性医院心血管内科护士188名作为观察组,从相同医院随机抽取来自内科其他各专科护士共300名作为对照组,应用OSI-R职业紧张量表和MBI职业倦怠量表收集资料进行统计学分析.结果:观察组护士职业紧张率为63.30%,对照组护士职业紧张率52.67%,经比较有统计学意义(P<0.05).观察组护士职业倦怠率为71.81%,对照组护士职业倦怠率55.16%,经比较有统计学意义(P<0.05).心血管内科护士和内科其他各专科护士的职业紧张与职业倦怠均呈正相关(P<0.01).心血管内科护士职业紧张与职业倦怠r值为0.725,内科其他各专科护士职业紧张与职业倦怠r值为0.349,心血管内科护士的r值高于内科其他各专科护士的r值,表明心血管内科护士的相关性更高.结论:心血管内科护士职业紧张及职业倦怠均较内科其他各专科护士严重,职业紧张可能为职业倦怠的主要因素之一.%Objective:To investigate occupationl stress and job burnout situations of cardiovascular nurses and other medical nurses,analyze their difference,explain their internal correlate,provide the basis for the management of clinical nursing positions and assessment of nurse performance.Methods:Randomly selected three A-level hospital in Xi'an cardiovascular internal medicine nurse 188 as observation group,randomly selected from the same hospital from medicine other specialist nurses in a total of 300 as control group,application of OSI-R occupation stress scale and MBI occupation burnout questionnaire to collect data for statistical analysis.Results:The nursing profession is tense rate of 63.30%,control group nurses occupational stress rate

  20. USE OF THE GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM TO INVESTIGATE MERCURY LEVELS IN CORRELATION WITH POSTMORTEM FINDINGS OF ASPERGILLUS INDUCED LESIONS IN THE COMMON LOON (GAVIA IMMER) IN THE NORTHEASTERN USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    This study employed the Geographic Information System (GIS) to correlate total mercury levels in liver tissue with post-mortem findings of aspergillosis in common loons (Gavia immer) in the northeast United States of America (USA). Aspergillosis is an opportunistic fungal infecti...

  1. 中枢神经系统出生缺陷相关因素的调查%Investigation on the Correlation Factors of Birth Defects of Central Nervous System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙熙德; 丁华新; 舒仁和

    2009-01-01

    [Objective] To discuss the correlation factors of birth defects of central nervous system(CNS) in the area of Dongting Lake, and to provide the references for establishing intervention measures to prevent birth defects of CNS. [Methods] Among 89147 pregnant women who had been pregnant for at least 28 weeks and delivered after 7 days during the period from January 1997 to December 2006, mothers of 115 children patients who were confirmed to suffer from congenital malformation of CNS were collected as the case group. According to 1:2 matched, mothers of 230 normal newborns with the same condition were chosen as comparison group. Then, questionnaire investigation and match research were conducted. [Results] Family history of congenital malformation, father touching chemicals, fathers' drinking index, fever caused by cold, touching pesticide during pregnancy, smoking passively were main dangerous factors of birth defects of CNS, with OR value of 14.50, 10.10, 5.00, 4.53, 3.89 and 1.76, respectively. Education level, B-ultrasound in the middle of pregnancy and taking folic acid were protection factors, with βj value of -0.48, -2.36 and -2.51, respectively and OR value less than 1. The difference between scores of questionnaire of knowledge of birth defects obtained by patient case group and comparison group had statistical significance (P0.05). [Conclusion]Doing pre-marriage health education and pregnancy health care, and medically monitoring high risk population are keys to further reduce birth defects of CNS.%[目的]探讨中枢神经系统(CNS)出生缺陷的相关因素,为制定预防CNS出生缺陷干预措施提供参考依据.[方法]收集1997年1月至2006年12月期间孕满28周至产后7d的孕产妇89147例,其中确诊为CNS先天畸形患儿115例的母亲为病例组,按1:2配对,选取同等条件的230例正常新生儿的母亲为对照组,进行问卷调查、配对研究.[结果]先天畸形家族史、父接触化学物品、父饮酒指数、

  2. 闭经患者生存质量及其影响因素的相关研究%INVESTIGATION OF QUALITY OF LIFE AND CORRELATED FACTORS IN PATIENTS WITH AMENORRHEA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡林芮; 牟燕琳; 李宁秀; 徐克惠

    2011-01-01

    [目的]分析原发性闭经和继发性闭经患者的病因分布,评价闭经患者的生存质量.并探讨闭经患者生存质量的主要影响因素,为准确诊治闭经患者、改善病员生活质量提供理论依据.[方法]采用设计的问卷对2008年7~8月间在四川大学华西妇女儿童医院就诊的闭经患者进行相关调查,并用SF-36量表对调查对象进行生存质量评价.[结果]原发性闭经以下丘脑垂体病变最多,多囊卵巢综合征最少,而继发闭经多囊卵巢综合征最多见,最少的是子宫病变;闭经患者的生存质量比四川省常模低;精神压力是影响闭经患者生存质量的最主要因素.[结论]原发性闭经和继发性闭经的病因分布情况不同.在临床工作中,要关注闭经患者的生存质量,尤其是农村患者的生存质量;除了要治疗闭经患者的本身疾病,还应给予患者精神支持,减轻其精神压力,以全面提高其生存质量.%[Objective] To investigate for the etiological distribution of amenorrhea in Sichuan province and evaluate the quality of life in patients with amenorrhea and identify the correlated factors. [Methods] The survey was carried out using questionnaires in the conformed patients, who were recruited from Reproductive Endocrinological Clinic of Sichuan University Affiliated Hospital. [Results] The important reasons of primary amenorrhea were pituitary and hypothalamic diseases, but polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) played a key role in the secondary amenorrhea. The patients with amenorrhea had significantly lower scores of QOL than the norm of Sichuan province. Stress was the main factor that affected the quality of life in patients with amenorrhea. [Conclusion] The main etiological distributions of primary and secondary amenorrhea are different. Besides treating with the disease, doctors should manage some interventions to reduce the stress to improve the QOL of the patients with amenorrhea.

  3. Correlations in multi-parton interactions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kasemets, Tomas

    2012-07-27

    In double parton interactions, the two hard proceses are correlated via double parton densities. We examine the double Drell-Yan process and the impact of such correlations on the differential cross section. In particular correlations between the spins of the interacting quarks can induce correlations between the decay planes of the vector bosons. We investigate upper limits on spin correlations following from positivity of the double parton densities.

  4. Estimation of Correlation Functions by Random Decrement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Asmussen, J. C.; Brincker, Rune

    This paper illustrates how correlation functions can be estimated by the random decrement technique. Several different formulations of the random decrement technique, estimating the correlation functions are considered. The speed and accuracy of the different formulations of the random decrement...... and the length of the correlation functions. The accuracy of the estimates with respect to the theoretical correlation functions and the modal parameters are both investigated. The modal parameters are extracted from the correlation functions using the polyreference time domain technique....

  5. Potential and Limitation of SPOT-5 Ortho-Image Correlation to Investigate the Cinematics of Landslides: The Example of “Mare à Poule d’Eau” (Réunion, France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rejanne Le Bivic

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Over the last 10 years, the accessibility of high spatial resolution remote sensing images has strongly increased. These images are available in ortho-rectified format which do not necessitate any further geometrical processing to be analyzed. In parallel, image correlation software has become more efficient and friendly. In this paper, image correlation methods are tested to evaluate their potential and limitations to measure the surface displacements in a complex case of a landslide located in a tropical environment. This studied landslide, called “Mare à Poule d’Eau”, is located in the Salazie erosion watershed in Réunion Island (France. This landslide is monitored daily by a DGPS station which registers the south-north displacements. Two pairs of ortho-rectified SPOT-5 images at 2.5 m resolution provided by Kalideos (http://kalideos.cnes.fr were selected. The first pair frames the period between 2002 and 2005 during which the landslide activity was low. The second pair of images (2006–2008 frames a period of time during which the landslide was more active. Fifty-nine Image Control Points (ICP were selected on the images by the SIFT method (Scale Invariant Feature Transform and visually controlled. The shifts of these points used as external control are estimated for the two time periods. Two image correlator softwares are used: MicMac and Cosi-Corr. The results obtained by the two correlators are similar. For the 2002–2005 period, the shift measured by correlators in the landslide is similar to the shift outside the landslide. This means that the displacement cannot be detected and estimated during periods of low activity of the landslide. The shift of the landslide for the 2006–2008 period is out of noise and reaches 8.5 m. The displacement can be estimated by applying a correction factor extracted from the ICP located in the stable areas. The potential and limits of the image correlation in such complex environments is

  6. Rationale and design of GISSI OUTLIERS VAR Study in bicuspid aortic valve patients: prospective longitudinal, multicenter study to investigate correlation between surgical, echo distinctive features, histologic and genetic findings in phenotypically homogeneous outlier cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merlanti, Bruno; De Chiara, Benedetta; Maggioni, Aldo Pietro; Moreo, Antonella; Pileggi, Silvana; Romeo, Gabriella; Russo, Claudio Francesco; Rizzo, Stefania; Martinelli, Luigi; Maseri, Attilio

    2015-11-15

    Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most common congenital heart disorder, affecting up to 2% of the population. Involvement of aortic root and ascending aorta (aneurysm or, eventually, dissection) is frequent in patients with pathologic or normal functioning BAV. Unfortunately, there are no well-known correlations between valvular and vascular diseases. In VAR protocol, with a new strategy of research, we analysemultiple aspects of BAV disease through correlation between surgical, echo, histologic and genetic findings in phenotypically homogeneous outlier cases. VAR protocol is a prospective, longitudinal, multicenter study. It observes 4 homogeneous small groups of BAV surgical patients (15 patients each): isolated aortic regurgitation, isolated ascending aortic aneurysm, aortic regurgitation associated with aortic aneurysm, isolated aortic stenosis in older patients (>60years). Echo analysis is extended to first-degree relatives and, in case of BAV, genetic test is performed. Patients and relatives are enrolled in 10 cardiac surgery/cardiologic centers throughout Italy. The aim of the study is to identify predictors of favorable or unfavorable evolution of BAV in terms of valvular dysfunction and/or aortic aneurysm. Correlations between different features could help in identification of various BAV risk groups, rationalizing follow-up and treatment. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Superconductivity, Antiferromagnetism, and Kinetic Correlation in Strongly Correlated Electron Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takashi Yanagisawa

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigate the ground state of two-dimensional Hubbard model on the basis of the variational Monte Carlo method. We use wave functions that include kinetic correlation and doublon-holon correlation beyond the Gutzwiller ansatz. It is still not clear whether the Hubbard model accounts for high-temperature superconductivity. The antiferromagnetic correlation plays a key role in the study of pairing mechanism because the superconductive phase exists usually close to the antiferromagnetic phase. We investigate the stability of the antiferromagnetic state when holes are doped as a function of the Coulomb repulsion U. We show that the antiferromagnetic correlation is suppressed as U is increased exceeding the bandwidth. High-temperature superconductivity is possible in this region with enhanced antiferromagnetic spin fluctuation and pairing interaction.

  8. Strongly correlated Bose gases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chevy, F.; Salomon, C.

    2016-10-01

    The strongly interacting Bose gas is one of the most fundamental paradigms of quantum many-body physics and the subject of many experimental and theoretical investigations. We review recent progress on strongly correlated Bose gases, starting with a description of beyond mean-field corrections. We show that the Efimov effect leads to non universal phenomena and to a metastability of the low temperature Bose gas through three-body recombination to deeply bound molecular states. We outline differences and similarities with ultracold Fermi gases, discuss recent experiments on the unitary Bose gas, and finally present a few perspectives for future research.

  9. 血生化指标与老年人帕金森病患病风险的相关性研究%Investigation of the correlation between serum biochemical parameters and Parkinson's disease risk in the elderly

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    华键; 杨文平; 魏永越; 李奇; 孔程程; 丁海霞

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the correlation between serum biochemical parameters and Parkinson's disease (PD) risk in the elderly.Methods The 277 inpatients with PD as PD group in Jiangsu Province Hospital from January 2009 to December 2013 were selected,at the same time,the 277 age and gender-matched healthy persons were enrolled as control group.The levels of total cholesterol (TG),total bilirubin (TB),uric acid (UA),low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were detected and compared between the two groups.Results The levels of TG,UA,TB,HDL-C and LDL-C were significantly lower in PD group than in control group [(4.35±1.13) mmol/L vs.(4.95±0.98) mmol/L,t=6.63;(278.00± 101.89)μmol/L vs.(380.90 ± 108.28) μmol/L,t =12.44;(13.02 ± 7.56) μmol/L vs.(17.39 ± 7.30)μmol/L,t=7.09;(1.26±0.37) mmol/L vs.(1.34±0.28) mmol/L,t=3.38;(2.59±0.79) mmol/L vs.(3.17±0.91) mmol/L,t=7.42,all P<0.05].Logistic multiple regression analysis showed that the decreased levels of TB,UA and LDL-C were independently associated with prevalence risk of PD (OR=0.940,0.991 and 0.219,all P<0.001).The combined score of TB,UA and LDL-C was constructed by using the linear weighted method.ROC curve was drawn to select the higher diagnostic validity index among TB,UA,LDL-C and combined score.The area under the ROC curve for TB,UA,LDL-C and combined score was 0.713,0.765,0.682 and 0.809 (all P<0.001),and the value of combined score was the highest.Conclusions The decreased levels of TB,UA and LDL-C are independently associated with PD.They possess certain clinical value in evaluating the prevalence risk of PD.%目的 分析并探讨血生化指标与老年人帕金森病患病风险的相关性. 方法 收集自2009年1月至2013年12月在江苏省人民医院确诊为帕金森病的患者277例作为帕金森病组;收集年龄与性别相匹配的同期健康体检者277例作为对照组,检测两组患者总胆固醇、

  10. Neural Correlates of Gratitude

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glenn Ryan Fox

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Gratitude is an important aspect of human sociality, and is valued by religions and moral philosophies. It has been established that gratitude leads to benefits for both mental health and interpersonal relationships. It is thus important to elucidate the neurobiological correlates of gratitude, which are only now beginning to be investigated. To this end, we conducted an experiment during which we induced gratitude in participants while they underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging. We hypothesized that gratitude ratings would correlate with activity in brain regions associated with moral cognition, value judgment and theory of mind. The stimuli used to elicit gratitude were drawn from stories of survivors of the Holocaust, as many survivors report being sheltered by strangers or receiving lifesaving food and clothing, and having strong feelings of gratitude for such gifts. The participants were asked to place themselves in the context of the Holocaust and imagine what their own experience would feel like if they received such gifts. For each gift, they rated how grateful they felt. The results revealed that ratings of gratitude correlated with brain activity in the anterior cingulate cortex and medial prefrontal cortex, in support of our hypotheses. The results provide a window into the brain circuitry for moral cognition and positive emotion that accompanies the experience of benefitting from the goodwill of others.

  11. Neural correlates of gratitude.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Glenn R; Kaplan, Jonas; Damasio, Hanna; Damasio, Antonio

    2015-01-01

    Gratitude is an important aspect of human sociality, and is valued by religions and moral philosophies. It has been established that gratitude leads to benefits for both mental health and interpersonal relationships. It is thus important to elucidate the neurobiological correlates of gratitude, which are only now beginning to be investigated. To this end, we conducted an experiment during which we induced gratitude in participants while they underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging. We hypothesized that gratitude ratings would correlate with activity in brain regions associated with moral cognition, value judgment and theory of mind. The stimuli used to elicit gratitude were drawn from stories of survivors of the Holocaust, as many survivors report being sheltered by strangers or receiving lifesaving food and clothing, and having strong feelings of gratitude for such gifts. The participants were asked to place themselves in the context of the Holocaust and imagine what their own experience would feel like if they received such gifts. For each gift, they rated how grateful they felt. The results revealed that ratings of gratitude correlated with brain activity in the anterior cingulate cortex and medial prefrontal cortex, in support of our hypotheses. The results provide a window into the brain circuitry for moral cognition and positive emotion that accompanies the experience of benefitting from the goodwill of others.

  12. Neural correlates of gratitude

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Glenn R.; Kaplan, Jonas; Damasio, Hanna; Damasio, Antonio

    2015-01-01

    Gratitude is an important aspect of human sociality, and is valued by religions and moral philosophies. It has been established that gratitude leads to benefits for both mental health and interpersonal relationships. It is thus important to elucidate the neurobiological correlates of gratitude, which are only now beginning to be investigated. To this end, we conducted an experiment during which we induced gratitude in participants while they underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging. We hypothesized that gratitude ratings would correlate with activity in brain regions associated with moral cognition, value judgment and theory of mind. The stimuli used to elicit gratitude were drawn from stories of survivors of the Holocaust, as many survivors report being sheltered by strangers or receiving lifesaving food and clothing, and having strong feelings of gratitude for such gifts. The participants were asked to place themselves in the context of the Holocaust and imagine what their own experience would feel like if they received such gifts. For each gift, they rated how grateful they felt. The results revealed that ratings of gratitude correlated with brain activity in the anterior cingulate cortex and medial prefrontal cortex, in support of our hypotheses. The results provide a window into the brain circuitry for moral cognition and positive emotion that accompanies the experience of benefitting from the goodwill of others. PMID:26483740

  13. Different Luminosity Correlation of GRBs

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Z. B. Zhang; H. C. Liu; L. Y. Jiang; D. Y. Chen

    2014-09-01

    We report our recent understanding about a tight correlation between relative spectral lag and luminosity (or redshift) for -ray bursts. The latest investigations indicate that the empirical correlations got from BATSE bursts also exist for Swift/BAT ones. The special luminosity-lag correlation is much similar to that of the luminosity with pulse number proposed by Schaefer (2003), but largely different from most others ever discovered. Note that our newly built luminosity-lag correlation predicts that luminosity should evolve with cosmological redshift as p ∝ (1 + )2.4 ± 0.7 that is excellently confirmed by Salvaterra et al. (2012) and Geng & Huang (2013). In addition, it is also surprisingly found that the luminosity-lag correlation can account for both long and short Swift/BAT bursts, which might be an evidence of the same radiation mechanism for diverse burst groups.

  14. Dynamics of Stock Market Correlations

    OpenAIRE

    Dror Y Kenett; Shapira, Yoash; Madi, Asaf; Bransburg-Zabary, Sharron; gur-Gershgoren, Gitit; Ben-Jacob, Eshel

    2010-01-01

    We present a novel approach to the study the dynamics of stock market correlations. This is achieved through an innovative visualization tool that allows an investigation of the structure and dynamics of the market, through the study of correlations. This is based on the Stock Market Holography (SMH) method recently introduced. This qualitative measure is complemented by the use of the eigenvalue entropy measure, to quantify how the information in the market changes in time. Using this innova...

  15. Investigation of college students' internet addiction and analysis of its correlation with impulsive choice%大学生网络成瘾与冲动性选择的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高昶; 张妍; 高然

    2014-01-01

    要影响因素.网络成瘾与冲动性选择呈相关关系.%Objective To investigate on the students' network usage,addiction and influencing factors at a certain university and analyze its correlation with impulsive choice.Methods Multi-class sampling method was applied.1 777 students were selected from the School of Clinical Medicine,School of Nursing,School of Public Health,School of Mental Health,School of Medical Laboratory Science,Department of Stomatology,School of Pharmacy,School of Management and Department of Biology,including 1 534 medical majors,accounting for 86.3% and 243 non-medical majors,accounting for 13.7%.Results 121 students were addicted to the internet,accounting for 6.8% of the selected students,while 1 656 students were free from the internet addiction,accounting for 93.2% of the selected students.Among all the addicts,96 were from medical majors,accounting for 79.3% and 25 were from non-medical majors,accounting for 20.7%.As for the online activities,boys loved computer games while girls preferred to watch movies,listen to music and shop.At the same time,most of the junior students and non-medical majors played games online.As for the length of time,students spending 5 and more hours everyday on the internet accounted for 3.4%.As for the sites,medical majors usually used their cell-phones while non-medical majors mostly got on line at their dorms.Probably due to the boys' preference for computer games,a larger proportion of boys getting on line at school dorms and internet bars off the campus.Most of the girls chose to use their cell-phones.More junior students surferred the internet at dorms while more senior students used their cell-phones.As for the function of the medical knowledge on the prevention and treatment of internet addiction,9.8% of the students held that medical knowledge had a great effect on the prevention and treatment of internet addiction,61.5% believed in a general effect,while 28.6% of the

  16. 血清乳腺珠蛋白与乳腺癌的相关性及临床意义探讨%Investigation on the correlation and clinical significance of serum mammaglobin and breast cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨超; 康炜; 李建华; 尤涛; 王永锋

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the correlations of serum human mammaglobin(hMAM)levels with the early diagnosis of breast cancer and cancer micro-metastasis and their clinical significance.Methods By enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA),the serum hMAM levels of 68 patients with breast cancer,40 patients with other cancers (1 0 patients with prostate cancer,1 0 patients with gastric cancer,1 0 patients with ovarian cancer and 1 0 patients with colorectal cancer),35 patients with benign breast disease and 40 healthy females (control group)were determined and analyzed comparatively.The 68 patients with breast cancer were classified according to TNM stage,whether existed the estrogen receptor (ER)expression,axillary lymph node metastasis and menopause.The cut-off value of serum hMAMin patients with breast cancer was determined by receiver operating characteristic (ROC)curve.Results The area under ROC curve of serum hMAM was 0.825,and the reliability in the diagnosis of breast cancer was 82.5% [95%confidence interval (CI):72.6%-92.4%].When the cut-off value for hMAM was 8.43 ng/mL,the sensitivity and specificity were 76.5% and 82.9%,respectively.Serum hMAM levels and positive rate in breast cancer group were significantly higher than those in benign breast disease group,other cancer group and control group (P0.05).The positive rates of serum hMAM ofⅢ and Ⅳ breast cancer patients (55% and 75%)were significantly higher than those ofⅠand Ⅱpatients (25%and 40%,P0.05). The positive rate of serum hMAM in breast cancer patients with axillary lymph node metastasis (88%)was significantly higher than those without metastasis (30%,P0.05).Regardless of whether existed ER expression,proto-oncogene C-erb-2 expression and menopause,serum hMAM levels and positive rate of patients with breast cancer had no difference (P>0.05 ).Conclusions The hMAM expression is related with the clinical stage and axillary lymph node metastasis of breast cancer.The determination of serum h

  17. Use of quantitative real-time RT-PCR to investigate the correlation between viremia and viral shedding of canine distemper virus, and infection outcomes in experimentally infected dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sehata, Go; Sato, Hiroaki; Ito, Toshihiro; Imaizumi, Yoshitaka; Noro, Taichi; Oishi, Eiji

    2015-07-01

    We used real-time RT-PCR and virus titration to examine canine distemper virus (CDV) kinetics in peripheral blood and rectal and nasal secretions from 12 experimentally infected dogs. Real-time RT-PCR proved extremely sensitive, and the correlation between the two methods for rectal and nasal (r=0.78, 0.80) samples on the peak day of viral RNA was good. Although the dogs showed diverse symptoms, viral RNA kinetics were similar; the peak of viral RNA in the symptomatic dogs was consistent with the onset of symptoms. These results indicate that real-time RT-PCR is sufficiently sensitive to monitor CDV replication in experimentally infected dogs regardless of the degree of clinical manifestation and suggest that the peak of viral RNA reflects active CDV replication.

  18. NASA/DOD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. Report 15: Technical uncertainty and project complexity as correlates of information use by US industry-affiliated aerospace engineers and scientists: Results of an exploratory investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinelli, Thomas E.; Glassman, Nanci A.; Affelder, Linda O.; Hecht, Laura M.; Kennedy, John M.; Barclay, Rebecca O.

    1993-01-01

    An exploratory study was conducted that investigated the influence of technical uncertainty and project complexity on information use by U.S. industry-affiliated aerospace engineers and scientists. The study utilized survey research in the form of a self-administered mail questionnaire. U.S. aerospace engineers and scientists on the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) mailing list served as the study population. The adjusted response rate was 67 percent. The survey instrument is appendix C to this report. Statistically significant relationships were found to exist between technical uncertainty, project complexity, and information use. Statistically significant relationships were found to exist between technical uncertainty, project complexity, and the use of federally funded aerospace R&D. The results of this investigation are relevant to researchers investigating information-seeking behavior of aerospace engineers. They are also relevant to R&D managers and policy planners concerned with transferring the results of federally funded aerospace R&D to the U.S. aerospace industry.

  19. Comparative investigations into pyrolysis of biomass and brown coal. Material balance and heat requirement in correlation with fuel properties; Vergleichende Untersuchungen zur Pyrolyse von Biomasse und Braunkohle. Stoffbilanzen und Waermebedarf in Korrelation mit Rohstoffeigenschaften

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reichel, D.; Klinger, M.; Krzack, S.; Meyer, B. [Technische Univ. Bergakademie Freiberg (Germany)

    2011-02-15

    Prediction of product distribution and composition for biomass and coal pyrolysis using thermodynamic simulation software is actually not possible or works not deficiently. Consistent data for pyrolysis product distribution and composition are a basic requirement for the implementation of pyrolysis in models representing thermochemical conversion of biogenous and fossil fuels as well as for the creation of detailed material and energy balances and the evaluation of such processes. Investigations into the pyrolysis behaviour of different biomass materials (wood, straw, silage) and German brown coals (Lusatia, Rhineland) in dependence on process temperature have been done in a lab scale device. Based on the obtained results, material and heat balances have been created taking all pyrolysis products into consideration. To obtain additional information about pyrolysis heat requirement investigations using a TG-DSC thermogravimetric analyser have been carried out. Differences between biomass and brown coal are found especially within the distribution of nitrogen, oxygen and carbon to the pyrolysis products. For the herbaceous biomass a heat release was detected regarding to the energy balance, while spruce wood possesses a relatively constant endothermic heat of reaction in the overall temperature range. This arises from the release of volatile components produced during cellulose decomposition. In the case of brown coal pyrolysis the products show a lower chemically bonded energy than the raw material. The obtained tendencies could be partly confirmed with the DSC investigations. (orig.)

  20. Biological Correlates of Empathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Timucin Oral

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Empathy can be defined as the capacity to know emotionally what another is experiencing from within the frame of reference of that other person and the capacity to sample the feelings of another or it can be metaphorized as to put oneself in another’s shoes. Although the concept of empathy was firstly described in psychological theories, researches studying the biological correlates of psychological theories have been increasing recently. Not suprisingly, dinamically oriented psychotherapists Freud, Kohut, Basch and Fenichel had suggested theories about the biological correlates of empathy concept and established the basis of this modality decades ago. Some other theorists emphasized the importance of empathy in the early years of lifetime regarding mother-child attachment in terms of developmental psychology and investigated its role in explanation of psychopathology. The data coming from some of the recent brain imaging and animal model studies also seem to support these theories. Although increased activity in different brain regions was shown in many of the brain imaging studies, the role of cingulate cortex for understanding mother-child relationship was constantly emphasized in nearly all of the studies. In addition to these studies, a group of Italian scientists has defined a group of neurons as “mirror neurons” in their studies observing rhesus macaque monkeys. Later, they also defined mirror neurons in human studies, and suggested them as “empathy neurons”. After the discovery of mirror neurons, the hopes of finding the missing part of the puzzle for understanding the biological correlates of empathy raised again. Although the roles of different biological parameters such as skin conductance and pupil diameter for defining empathy have not been certain yet, they are going to give us the opportunity to revise the inconsistent basis of structural validity in psychiatry and to stabilize descriptive validity. In this review, the

  1. Differential correlation for sequencing data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siska, Charlotte; Kechris, Katerina

    2017-01-19

    , but other correlation metrics are available to the user depending on the application and data type. The Discordant method can also be extended to investigate additional DC types and subsampling with the EM algorithm is now available for reduced run-time. These extensions to the R package make Discordant more robust and versatile for multiple -omics studies.

  2. Correlation networks visualization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicholas J. Provart

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available New, in silico ways of generating hypotheses based on large data sets have emerged in the past decade. These data sets have been used to investigate different aspects of plant biology, especially at the level of transcriptome, from tissue-specific expression patterns to patterns in as little as a few cells. Such publicly-available data are a boon to researchers for hypothesis generation by providing a guide for experimental work such as phenotyping or genetic analysis. More advanced computational methods can leverage these data via gene coexpression analysis, the results of which can be visualized and refined using network analysis. Other kinds of networks of e.g. protein-protein interactions, can also be used to inform biology. These networks can be visualized and analyzed with additional information on gene expression levels, subcellular localization, etc., or with other emerging kinds information. Finally, cross-level correlation is an area that will become increasingly important. Visualizing these cross-level correlations will require new data visualization tools.

  3. Some correlates of trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frost, T; Stimpson, D V; Maughan, M R

    1978-05-01

    Trust has been variously defined by behavioral scientists and not very thoroughly investigated. In this study trust was defined as an expectancy held by an individual that the behavior of another person or a group would be altruistic and personally beneficial. An attempt was made, using this conceptual definition, to identify some personality and behavioral correlates of trust. Seven interpersonal relations groups with approximately 10 male and female undergraduates per group were studied with use of the Janis and Field self-esteem inventory, Schutz's FIRO-B scale, and the Rotter internal-external scale. It was discovered that a trusted person is one who is highly influential, has an internal locus of control, a low need to control others, high self-esteem, and is open to being influenced by others.

  4. Correlation and Entanglement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shun-long Luo; You-feng Luo

    2003-01-01

    In quantum mechanics, it is long recognized that there exist correlations between observables which are much stronger than the classical ones. These correlations are usually called entanglement, and cannot be accounted for by classical theory. In this paper, we will study correlations between observables in terms of covariance and the Wigner-Yanase correlation, and compare their merits in characterizing entanglement. We will show that the Wigner-Yanase correlation has some advantages over the conventional covariance.

  5. General correlation and partial correlation analysis in finding interactions: with Spearman rank correlation and proportion correlation as correlation measures

    OpenAIRE

    WenJun Zhang; Xin Li

    2015-01-01

    Between-taxon interactions can be detected by calculating the sampling data of taxon sample type. In present study, Spearman rank correlation and proportion correlation are chosen as the general correlation measures, and their partial correlations are calculated and compared. The results show that for Spearman rank correlation measure, in all predicted candidate direct interactions by partial correlation, about 16.77% (x, 0-45.4%) of them are not successfully detected by Spearman rank correla...

  6. An investigation of pairing correlations in diabatic configurations at high spin and large deformation applications to the description of SD bands in sup 1 sup 4 sup 3 Eu

    CERN Document Server

    Axelsson, A; Nyberg, J

    2002-01-01

    The HFB cranked shell model is applied in an investigation of the selfconsistent pairing properties of the superdeformed (SD) bands in sup 1 sup 4 sup 3 Eu. Results from a fully pairing and deformation selfconsistent mesh calculation of the properties of the most intense SD band in sup 1 sup 4 sup 3 Eu are presented, as well as pairing selfconsistent calculations done at a fixed deformation close to the SD minimum for an excited SD configuration. The calculations are compared to unpaired calculations and to published experimental data. Fully diabatic configurations are studied and total energy surfaces are constructed for fixed values of the angular momentum. Other issues addressed include the development of the particle number distribution in the HFB wave function up to very high frequency, the consequences of using a fixed Fermi energy in high-spin calculations and the effects of the number of excited quasiparticles on the pairing properties of the superdeformed nucleus.

  7. Multi-fragmentation of C{sub 60} induced by {sup 4}He{sup 2+} impact (E<60 keV/amu) and investigated by a multi-correlation technique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rentenier, A.; Moretto-Capelle, P. E-mail: pmc@irsamc.ups-tlse.fr; Bordenave-Montesquieu, D.; Bordenave-Montesquieu, A

    2003-05-01

    In this communication, the C{sub 60} multi-fragmentation induced by {sup 4}He{sup 2+} ion impact in the 20-240 keV energy range, is investigated. Using a multi-stop time-of-flight technique, it becomes possible to measure partial spectra corresponding to the simultaneous emission of 2-5 light charged fragments; small charged fragments are found to be accompanied by the emission of at least another one. The fragment size distribution depends on the collisional energy and the multiplicity of emitted charged fragments. It is more peaked on small sizes when the collision velocity or the multiplicity increases. Corresponding relative cross sections are also measured; processes with emission of 2 and 3 charged fragments are always dominant but their relative weights decrease slowly when the collision energy increases.

  8. Watershed Investigations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bodzin, Alec; Shive, Louise

    2004-01-01

    Investigating local watersheds presents middle school students with authentic opportunities to engage in inquiry and address questions about their immediate environment. Investigation activities promote learning in an investigations interdisciplinary context as students explore relationships among chemical, biological, physical, geological, and…

  9. Solar wind correlations: Statistical and case studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paularena, K. I.; Richardson, J. D.; Zastenker, G. N.; Dalin, P. A.

    1999-06-01

    Recent work on solar wind plasma correlations using data from several widely-separated spacecraft (IMP 8, INTERBALL-1, WIND, and ISEE-3) has shown that, for 6-hour periods, the average plasma correlation is ~0.7. The focus of these studies has been directed toward a statistical understanding of gross solar wind correlation behavior. In all correlations examined, lower average correlations are caused by the presence of many points from the low correlation subpopulation; nevertheless, data points from the high correlation population are still present. No single organizational factor has yet been found which adequately separates low-correlation periods from high-correlation periods. Some of the spread in correlations is due to the spatial orientations and dimensions of solar wind structures, and thus to the locational alignments of the spacecraft being correlated, but this does not adequately explain all the good or poor correlations since sometimes three nearby spacecraft show poor correlations, while sometimes three widely-separated space-craft show good correlations. Thus, in order to understand the underlying physics, detailed investigation of individual cases has been undertaken. These results will be important in assigning quality measures to space weather predictions using satellite measurements taken at L1, for example.

  10. Signatures of synchrony in pairwise count correlations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatjana Tchumatchenko

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Concerted neural activity can reflect specific features of sensory stimuli or behavioral tasks. Correlation coefficients and count correlations are frequently used to measure correlations between neurons, design synthetic spike trains and build population models. But are correlation coefficients always a reliable measure of input correlations? Here, we consider a stochastic model for the generation of correlated spike sequences which replicate neuronal pairwise correlations in many important aspects. We investigate under which conditions the correlation coefficients reflect the degree of input synchrony and when they can be used to build population models. We find that correlation coefficients can be a poor indicator of input synchrony for some cases of input correlations. In particular, count correlations computed for large time bins can vanish despite the presence of input correlations. These findings suggest that network models or potential coding schemes of neural population activity need to incorporate temporal properties of correlated inputs and take into consideration the regimes of firing rates and correlation strengths to ensure that their building blocks are an unambiguous measures of synchrony.

  11. Investigations of Correlation Factors and Mental Health in Patients with Decreasing Ovarian Reserve%65例育龄妇女卵巢储备功能下降的临床研究分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈静; 阮祥燕

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the association of life style, habit, and mental state with decreasing ovarian reserve(DOR ); to carry out an investigation on mental health, and to provide scientific hasis for further prevention,health care and clinicaltherapy. Methods We collected informations by taking the detail history and Self-rating Depression Scale,Self-rating Anxiety Scale , SF-36 Health Survey in 65 patients with DOR( DOR group )and in 60 normal ovarian reserve women( control group ). The relative factors were analysedl . Results (1)Mother's menopausal age , smoking, unhealthy emotions , foreign odor in decorative house,noise of surrounding environment were the risk factors; ②studies indicate women with decreasing ovarian reserve have more anxiety and depression than do healthy women. Conclusion Goodlife style,keeping healthy mind and avoiding environmental pollution would be the effective factors to maintain the ovarian functions. It should delay the progression of this disease by early prevention and therapy; psychological support is important in treatment.%目的 探讨卵巢储备功能降低的发病与生活方式、生活习惯、心理状态等相关因素的关系;进行心理健康状况调查,为卵巢储备功能下降的预防、保健、临床治疗提供科学依据.方法 对65例卵巢储备功能下降患者(DOR组)和60例卵巢储备功能正常的妇女(对照组),进行详细的病史采集,相关因素分析;进行焦虑问卷,抑郁量表,SF-36生活质量量表问卷调查.结果 危险因素包括母亲的绝经年龄、吸烟、不良情绪、装修异味、周围环境长期有噪声;心理健康调查显示该期妇女以焦虑、抑郁心里为主.结论 养成良好生活方式、健康心态、避免接触有害的环境,早预防、早治疗以延缓疾病的发生发展;心理疏导在治疗中不可忽视.

  12. Correlation between severe infection and breast cancer metastases in the EORTC 10994/BIG 1-00 trial: Investigating innate immunity as a tumour suppressor in breast cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Touati, Nathan; Tryfonidis, Konstantinos; Caramia, Franco; Bonnefoi, Hervé; Cameron, David; Slaets, Leen; Parker, Belinda S; Loi, Sherene

    2017-02-01

    Breast cancer cells which express an innate immune signature regulated by interferon regulatory factor 7 (IRF7) have reduced metastatic potential. Infections can induce interferon signalling and may activate an anti-tumour immune response. We investigated whether 'severe infection' can be a clinical surrogate of this phenomenon and/or the presence of high levels of the IRF7 signature at diagnosis before neo-adjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) is associated with a reduced distant relapse risk, specifically in bones. Clinical data of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer 10994/BIG 1-00 phase III trial which randomised 1856 patients treated with NACT between 2001 and 2006, were used. Severe infection was febrile neutropenia or any other grade III-IV infective adverse event during NACT. The IRF7 signature was calculated from gene expression data available for 160 patients on a pre-NACT biopsy. Cox models for distant relapse-free interval (DRFI) investigated the effect of the severe infection and IRF7. Fine and Gray models studied the occurrence of bone metastases as first distant relapse. Median follow-up was 4.8 years. No association between severe infection and DFRI was observed in the entire population (n = 1615 eligible patients) hazard ratio [(HR] = 0.99, 90% CI, confidence interval [CI] = 0.81-1.20). For IRF7 (N = 160), a trend towards an association with DRFI was observed (HR = 0.89 for a 50 unit increase, 90% CI = 0.78-1.02, p = 0.081). Higher levels of the IRF7 signature were significantly associated with a decreased bone metastases risk: (HR = 0.76 for a 50 unit increase, 95% CI, 0.62-0.94, p = 0.012). In this study it was shown that severe infection during NACT was not associated with decreased DRFI while high expression of the IRF7 gene signature was significantly associated with reduced bone relapse. This result may be useful for future adjuvant bisphosphonate/denosumab use. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights

  13. 喉癌患者生活质量与应对方式的相关性调查分析%Investigation on Correlation between Quality of Life of the Patients with Laryngeal Carcinoma and Coping Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王琴; 金莉; 徐淑秀; 杨从艳; 王茜

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨喉癌患者的生活质量、应对方式状况及两者之间的关系,为寻求相应的护理对策,提高喉癌患者的生活质量提供依据.方法 将58例喉癌患者设为病例组,并以同期58例健康成人作为对照组,采用自行设计的一般情况调查表、生活质量核心量表((QLQ-C30)、医学应对问卷(MCMQ)进行调查和分析.结果 病例组的整体生活质量领域和各功能领域得分均低于对照组(P<0.01),说明生活质量水平较低;与常模相比,病例组较多采用面对和回避两种应对方式,其生活质量与面对呈正相关(P<0.05),与回避、屈服呈负相关(P<0.01).结论 喉癌患者的生活质量水平降低,应采取有效的护理措施促使患者采取面对方式以应对疾病,提高生活质量.%Objective To evaluate the present situation and relevance of quality of life and coping style in patients with laryngeal carcinoma, and provide scientific basis for corresponding nursing cares to improve the quality of life of the patients.Methods 58 patients with laryngeal carcinoma were set as case group,58 healthy adults were set as control group.A self-designed information questionnaire ,quality of life core questionnaire( QLQ-C30 ), and medical coping modes questionnaire( MCMQ ) were used to surveyed the present situation and relevance of quality of life and coping style in the two groups.Results Compared with control group, the total score of quality of life and the score of every functional area of case group were low ( P < 0.01 ), this result showed that the quality of life of the patients was low; compared with normal, majority of case group chose confront style and avoidance style; the quality of life was positively correlated with confront ( P < 0.05 ), but negatively with avoidance and resignation ( P <0.01 ).Conclusion The level of quality of life was low in patients with laryngeal carcinoma, effective nursing cares should be taken to encourage the

  14. Investigation of Sleep Quality and Correlation Factors of Acute Cerebral Vascular Disease%急性脑血管病患者睡眠质量和相关因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅川; 王真真; 钟伟丽; 牛富生

    2012-01-01

    目的 研究急性脑血管病患者的睡眠质量和相关因素.方法 对急性脑血管病组和健康对照组进行匹兹堡睡眠质量指数(Pittsburgh sleep quality index,PSQl)量表测定,比较两组的各项分值差异;进一步对急性脑血管患者进行艾森克人格特征问卷(Eysenck personality questionaire,EPQ)和简易应对方式问卷调查,并与患者的PSQl进行相关分析.结果 急性脑血管病患者PSQl平均得分13.12±2.73分,PSQl>7分者126例(54.07%).急性脑血管病组患者睡眠质量、入睡时间、睡眠时间、睡眠障碍、睡眠药物、日间功能和睡眠质量指数得分均明显高于对照组患者,差异有显著性(P均<0.001).Logistic回归分析显示,增龄、左侧病变、前循环病变是影响急性脑血管病患者睡眠质量的独立危险因素,同时急性脑血管病患者的睡眠质量与患者个性特点和积极、消极应对分值具有相关性.结论 急性脑血管病患者睡眠障碍发生率较高,其睡眠质量受年龄、左右侧别、病变血管、个性特点和应对方式等多个因素的影响.%Objective To study the sleep quality and correlation factors in acute cerebral vascular disease. Methods Two hundred and thirty-three acute cerebral vascular disease patients were evaluated by Pittsburgh sleep quality index(PSQI), Eysenck personality questionaire(EPQ) and simplified coping style questionaire. One hundred and eighty-nine persons of normal control group were evaluated by PSQI. Results The average score of PSQI of the acute cerebral vascular disease patients was 13.12±2.73, and the incidence of sleep disorder(total PSQI score>7 points) was 54.07%. There was significant difference(P<0.001) between the acute cerebral vascular disease patients and the control group in the score of the sleep index and six factors of PSQI. The result of logistic regression analysis indicates that age, diseased region and criminal blood vessel were independently

  15. Investigation of disease relief status and correlation factors among patients with asthma after adolescence%青春期后哮喘患者病情预后相关因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭永强; 曹兰芳; 沈谨

    2012-01-01

    Objective To realize the basic disease relief status and correlation factors of patients with asthma after adolescence. Methods Questionnaire survey of "basic disease relief status around adolescence" was conducted on 392 asthma patients aged 12-26 years old. Single-factor analysis with Chi-square test and multiple logistic regression were performed to determine correlation factors among the patients with asthma after adolescence. Results Disease relief rate among 392 patients with asthma after adolescence was 66. 6% (261/392),and the difference of the disease relief rate between males and females in comparison showed no statistical significance. The non-relief patients with asthma after adolescence were at higher age than the relief patients with asthma after adolescence in the first attack and last attack of asthma (both P <0. OIK and the difference was statistically significant. Single-factor analysis with Chi-square test showed those patients who were still subject to frequent attacks of asthma (attacks up to more than 6 times every year) after 8 years old had smaller probability of relief after adolescence ( P < 0. 01). The more severe the symptoms of allergic rhinitis (medium-severe) ,the lower the relief rate of the patients with asthma after adolescence; compared with the patients with mild or no significant rhinitis,the difference was statistically significant P <0. 01). Individuals with high attack season in spring.summer and autumn had even lower asthma relief rate than winter after adolescence,the difference was statistically significant( P <0. 05). The patients with asthma after adolescence who had higher total blood IgE showed lower remission rate( P <0. 05). The patients with asthma subject to standardized inhalation of steroids in combination with specific immunotherapy had higher relief rate after adolescence, comparedwith the patients subject to inhalation of steroids but without standard treatment P <0. 01). The patients with asthma subject to

  16. Explicit correlation factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Cole M.; Hirata, So; Ten-no, Seiichiro

    2017-09-01

    We analyze the performance of 17 different correlation factors in explicitly correlated second-order many-body perturbation calculations for correlation energies. Highly performing correlation factors are found to have near-universal shape and size in the short range of electron-electron distance (0 1.5 a.u.) is insignificant insofar as the factor becomes near constant, leaving an orbital expansion to describe decoupled electrons. An analysis based on a low-rank Taylor expansion of the correlation factor seems limited, except that a negative second derivative with the value of around -1.3 a.u. correlates with high performance.

  17. Investigation of Yangzhou Region Blood Donors' ABO and Rh Blood Types Distribution and Correlation%扬州地区献血者ABO及Rh血型人群分布及其相关性调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦玉东; 范恩勇

    2012-01-01

    Objective To Explore Yangzhou blood donors' ABO and Rh blood groups distribution and correlation.Methods From January 2010 to June 2011,63925 samples collected by Yangzhou blood bank from unpaid blood donors on streets,were enrolled in this study.Positive and negative stereotypes of ABO blood specimens,identification and genotyping of Rh blood group were tested by U-shaped micro-plate methods.Rh negative confirmatory tests were recognized by anti-globulin method using three kinds IgG anti-D reagents from different manufacturers.Samples gene frequencies,haplotype frequencies and expected values were calculated.The phenotypic observed and expected value were compared by the X2 test,to test the Hardy-Weinberg goodness of fit.Results The gene frequencies of ABO blood group were r>p>q,phenotype distribution characteristics were O>A>B>AB; Rh phenotypes population distribution were CCDee>CcDEe>CcDee>ccDEE>ccDEe>CCDEe>ccDee,ccdee>Ccdee>CCdee>ccdEe>CcdEe>ccdEE,haplotype frequencies were CDe>cDe>cDE>CDE,cde>Cde>cdE>CdE,and gene frequencies characteristics were D>d,C>c,e>E.The difference between the expected and observed values of the ABO blood group and Rh blood group were no statistical significance (P>0.05).Hardy-Weinberg,the goodness of fit test results were good.Conclusions The distributions of ABO and Rh blood typing population in this region were in line with the Hardy-Weinberg population-based genetic equilibrium in population genetics.Through the survey of the ABO and Rh blood group distributions in Yangzhou region,we could accurately grasp the law of Yangzhou region blood donors' blood types distribution,which were contribute for unpaid blood donors recruitment,reasonable blood collection plan development,blood reserves and rare blood types establishment library.%目的 探讨扬州地区献血者ABO,Rh血型人群分布状况,并对其相关性进行调查研究.方法 选择2010年1月至2011年6月本市中心

  18. Correlated electrons in a dissipative environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bulla, R.

    2009-12-01

    When a system of correlated electrons is embedded in a dissipative environment, new emergent phenomena might occur due to the interplay of correlation and dissipation. Here we focus on quantum impurity systems with coupling to a bosonic bath. For the theoretical investigation we introduce the bosonic numerical renormalization group method which has been initially set up for the spin-boson model. The role of both correlations and dissipation is described in the context of two-electron transfer systems. We also discuss prospects for the investigation of lattice models of correlated electrons with coupling to a dissipative bath.

  19. Energetics of correlations in interacting systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friis, Nicolai; Huber, Marcus; Perarnau-Llobet, Martí

    2016-04-01

    A fundamental connection between thermodynamics and information theory arises from the fact that correlations exhibit an inherent work value. For noninteracting systems this translates to a work cost for establishing correlations. Here we investigate the relationship between work and correlations in the presence of interactions that cannot be controlled or removed. For such naturally coupled systems, which are correlated even in thermal equilibrium, we determine general strategies that can reduce the work cost of correlations, and illustrate these for a selection of exemplary physical systems.

  20. Pair correlations in scale-free networks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huang Zhuang-Xiong; Wang Xin-Ran; Zhu Han

    2004-01-01

    Correlation between nodes is found to be a common and important property in many complex networks. Here we investigate degree correlations of the Barabasi-Albert (BA) scale-free model with both analytical results and simulations,and find two neighbouring regions, a disassortative one for low degrees and a neutral one for high degrees. The average degree of the neighbours of a randomly picked node is expected to diverge in the limit of infinite network size. As a generalization of the concept of correlation, we also study the correlations of other scalar properties, including age and clustering coefficient. Finally we propose a correlation measurement in bipartite networks.

  1. To Investigate the Correlation between the Typical Clinical Manifestations of Children with Kawasaki Disease%小儿川崎病的典型临床表现相关性探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭琪

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨小儿川崎病的临床表现,为治疗此病提供参考。方法我院于2010年3月至2013年3月收治了74例小儿川崎病患者,收集这些患者的临床资料,分析他们的临床表现。结果比较完全性川崎病组和不完全性川崎病组的体征和症状,完全性川崎病组和不完全性川崎病组的患儿在发热、球结膜充血、口唇改变这3个症状上,并没有完全的差异和区别;但是在皮疹、肛周红肿、颈部淋巴异常、手脚蜕皮这几个症状上,完全性川崎病组的发生率明显高于不完全性川崎病组。结论由于完全性川崎病和不完全性川崎病的临床表现有很多不同的地方,所以在检查的时候,必须将实验室检查的八项指标全部纳入进去,这样才能防止出现误诊和漏诊的现象。%ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical manifestations of Kawasaki disease in children, to give reference for the treatment of this disease. MethodsIn our hospital from March 2010 to March 2013 treated 74 cases of children with Kawasaki disease patients, collected the clinical data of these patients, analyze their clinical manifestations.ResultsCompared with complete Kawasaki disease group and incomplete Kawasaki disease group of signs and symptoms, complete Kawasaki disease group and incomplete Kawasaki disease group in children with fever, conjunctival congestion, lips change these 3 symptoms, and no difference and distinction; but in a rash, perianal irritation, abnormal cervical lymph, and hands molt these symptoms, the incidence of Kawasaki disease group was signiifcantly higher than that of incomplete Kawasaki disease group.ConclusionThe clinical manifestations of Kawasaki disease and incomplete Kawasaki disease in many different places, so when the examination, must be eight indicators of laboratory examination into account, so as to prevent misdiagnosis phenomenon.

  2. Comparing dependent robust correlations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilcox, Rand R

    2016-11-01

    Let r1 and r2 be two dependent estimates of Pearson's correlation. There is a substantial literature on testing H0  : ρ1  = ρ2 , the hypothesis that the population correlation coefficients are equal. However, it is well known that Pearson's correlation is not robust. Even a single outlier can have a substantial impact on Pearson's correlation, resulting in a misleading understanding about the strength of the association among the bulk of the points. A way of mitigating this concern is to use a correlation coefficient that guards against outliers, many of which have been proposed. But apparently there are no results on how to compare dependent robust correlation coefficients when there is heteroscedasicity. Extant results suggest that a basic percentile bootstrap will perform reasonably well. This paper reports simulation results indicating the extent to which this is true when using Spearman's rho, a Winsorized correlation or a skipped correlation.

  3. Optomechanical Quantum Correlation Thermometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purdy, T. P.; Grutter, K. E.; Davanco, M. I.; Srinivasan, K.; Taylor, J. M.

    We present an optomechanical approach for producing accurate thermometry over a wide temperature range using quantum Brownian motion. Optical measurements induce quantum correlations in an optomechanical system when quantum-limited intensity fluctuations of a probe laser drive mechanical motion. The size of the correlations in the weak probe limit are dictated by the scale of individual phonons. We have recently measured optomechanical quantum correlations in the cross correlation spectrum between the amplitude and phase fluctuations of a single probe laser interacting with a silicon nitride optomechanical crystal. These correlations are independent of thermally-induced Brownian motion. However, Brownian motion does simultaneously produce much larger correlation signals between other optical quadratures. A comparison of the size of thermally-induced correlations to quantum correlations allows us to absolutely calibrate Brownian motion thermometry to the mechanical energy quantization scale.

  4. The Correlation Confocal Microscope

    CERN Document Server

    Simon, D S

    2010-01-01

    A new type of confocal microscope is described which makes use of intensity correlations between spatially correlated beams of light. It is shown that this apparatus leads to significantly improved transverse resolution.

  5. International Correlation Risk

    OpenAIRE

    Philippe Mueller; Andreas Stathopoulos; Andrea Vedolin

    2012-01-01

    Foreign exchange correlation is a key driver of risk premia in the cross-section of carry trade returns. First, we show that the correlation risk premium, defined as the difference between the risk-neutral and objective measure correlation is large (15% per year) and highly time-varying. Second, sorting currencies according to their exposure with correlation innovations yields portfolios with attractive risk and return characteristics. We also find that high (low) interest rate currencies hav...

  6. Correlation in business networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souma, Wataru; Aoyama, Hideaki; Fujiwara, Yoshi; Ikeda, Yuichi; Iyetomi, Hiroshi; Kaizoji, Taisei

    2006-10-01

    This paper considers business networks. Through empirical study, we show that business networks display characteristics of small-world networks and scale-free networks. In this paper, we characterize firms as sales and bankruptcy probabilities. A correlation between sales and a correlation between bankruptcy probabilities in business networks are also considered. The results reveal that the correlation between sales depends strongly on the type of network, whereas the correlation between bankruptcy probabilities does so only weakly.

  7. Teager Correlation Function

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bysted, Tommy Kristensen; Hamila, R.; Gabbouj, M.

    1998-01-01

    A new correlation function called the Teager correlation function is introduced in this paper. The connection between this function, the Teager energy operator and the conventional correlation function is established. Two applications are presented. The first is the minimization of the Teager error...... norm and the second one is the use of the instantaneous Teager correlation function for simultaneous estimation of TDOA and FDOA (Time and Frequency Difference of Arrivals)....

  8. Universal correlators from geometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dijkgraaf, Robbert [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Amsterdam, Valckenierstraat 65, 1018 XE Amsterdam (Netherlands); Korteweg-de Vries Institute for Mathematics, University of Amsterdam, Valckenierstraat 65, 1018 XE Amsterdam (Netherlands); Temuerhan, Mine; Sinkovics, Annamaria [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Amsterdam, Valckenierstraat 65, 1018 XE Amsterdam (Netherlands)]. E-mail: sinkovic@science.uva.nl

    2004-11-01

    Matrix model correlators show universal behaviour at short distances. We provide a derivation for these universal correlators by inserting probe branes in the underlying effective geometry. We generalize these results to study correlators of branes and their universal behaviour in the Calabi-Yau crystals, where we find a role for a generalized brane insertion. (author)

  9. Universal Correlators from Geometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dijkgraaf, Robbert; Sinkovics, Annamaria; Temurhan, Mine

    2004-11-01

    Matrix model correlators show universal behaviour at short distances. We provide a derivation for these universal correlators by inserting probe branes in the underlying effective geometry. We generalize these results to study correlators of branes and their universal behaviour in the Calabi-Yau crystals, where we find a role for a generalized brane insertion.

  10. Universal Correlators from Geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Dijkgraaf, R; Temurhan, M; Dijkgraaf, Robbert; Sinkovics, Annamaria; Temurhan, Mine

    2004-01-01

    Matrix model correlators show universal behaviour at short distances. We provide a derivation for these universal correlators by inserting probe branes in the underlying effective geometry. We generalize these results to study correlators of branes and their universal behaviour in the Calabi-Yau crystals, where we find a role for a generalized brane insertion.

  11. Modified Biserial Correlation Coefficients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraemer, Helena Chmura

    1981-01-01

    Asymptotic distribution theory of Brogden's form of biserial correlation coefficient is derived and large sample estimates of its standard error obtained. Its relative efficiency to the biserial correlation coefficient is examined. Recommendations for choice of estimator of biserial correlation are presented. (Author/JKS)

  12. Analysis on Investigation and Correlation Factors in Patients with Dental Fear in Karashar County in Xinjiang%新疆焉耆县牙科恐惧症患者调查及其相关因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨芳; 韩祥祯; 魏薇

    2015-01-01

    目的 调查新疆巴州第二师焉耆医院口腔科成人患者的牙科恐惧症发生情况,并进行比较研究,为其防治提供相关依据.方法 主要采用Corah's牙科焦虑量表,抽样调查236名口腔患者恐惧、焦虑情况,并对其进行相关因素分析.结果AS平均分值为10.12±3.10,DF患病率为18.2%.女性DF患病率明显高于男性;17-35岁人群的患病率最高,大于60岁人群患病率最低;汉族人群的患病率明显高于少数民族,且差异存在统计学意义.而DF的主要影响因素为疼痛,担心治疗意外、疗效不好以及对牙科器械及诊疗过程不了解所造成的恐惧.结论 牙科焦虑症的形成与多种因素有关,临床口腔医生治疗时应注意观察和沟通,了解患者的需求,从不同方面着手预防和缓解牙科恐惧症,从而提高口腔医疗质量.%Objective TTo investigate the second division Yanqi Bazhou hospital dentistry adult patients the incidence of dental fear, and comparative studies provide evidence for its prevention. Methods The main use Corah's Dental Anxiety Scale, sampling 236 patients with oral fear, anxiety situation, and its related factors. Results DAS average score was 10.12 ± 3.10, DF prevalence rate of 18.2%. DF female prevalence was significantly higher than the male;the highest prevalence of 17-35-year-olds, 60-year-old population prevalence is greater than the minimum; Han population prevalence was significantly higher than minorities, and the difference was statistically significant. The main factors for DF is pain, treat accident, poor efficacy and treatment of dental instruments and do not understand the fear caused by the process. Conclusion The formation of dental anxiety related to many factors, clinical dentist treatment should observe and communicate and understand the needs of patients, begin prevention and mitigation from different aspects of dental phobia, to improving the quality of oral health care.

  13. 孕妇人乳头状瘤病毒感染与新生儿感染相关性调查%Investigation on correlation between human papilloma virus infection in pregnant women and newborns

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王静; 袁琳; 赵丽春

    2015-01-01

    目的:调查孕妇和新生儿人乳头状瘤病毒(HPV)感染情况,为了解 HPV的母婴垂直传播提供参考依据。方法采用 HPV分型多重PCR‐斑点杂交方法,检测2011年1月-2013年12月医院自愿参加 HPV检查的孕妇756例,分析HPV感染分型、母婴垂直感染情况,数据采用SPSS 13.0软件进行统计分析。结果756例孕妇中HPV阳性76例,HPV阳性率为10.1%;HPV 阳性孕妇宫颈病变占88.2%,明显高于 HPV 阴性者(P<0.05);HPV多型感染率为15.8%;共检出94种 HPV ,其中高危型85种占90.4%,低危型9种占9.6%,HPV 16是检出最多的H PV型别,占33.0%;72例H PV阳性孕妇中生产的新生儿H PV阳性15例阳性率为20.8%;母婴HPV‐DNA一致率达90.5%;新生儿口腔HPV检测阳性率为80.9%,明显高于生殖器HPV检测阳性率的19.1%(P<0.05)。结论孕妇存在HPV感染,以HPV 16亚型为主,可通过垂直传播给新生儿,母婴 HPV感染亚型具有较高的一致性,以口腔感染为主,临床应做好相关防护工作。%OBJECTIVE To investigate the infection of human papilloma virus (HPV) in pregnant women and new‐borns ,so as to provide evidences for understanding vertical transmission of HPV .METHODS HPV DNA was measured using HPV genotyping multiplex PCR‐dot‐blot hybridization method in 756 pregnant women who volun‐tarily participated in the test during Jan .2011 to Dec .2013 ,and HPV genotyping and vertical transmission were analyzed .Data were statistically analyzed with the software SPSS 13 .0 .RESULTS Totally 76 cases were infected with HPV in the 756 pregnant women ,with the infection rate of 10 .1% .The incidence of cervical lesions in the HPV positive group was 88 .2% ,which was significantly higher than that in the HPV negative group (P<0 .05) . HPV polymorphism infection rate was 15 .8% .Among 94 kinds of HPV detected ,the high risk type was 85 kinds

  14. Experimental fully contextual correlations

    CERN Document Server

    Amselem, Elias; Lopez-Tarrida, Antonio J; Portillo, Jose R; Bourennane, Mohamed; Cabello, Adan

    2011-01-01

    Quantum correlations are contextual yet, in general, nothing prevents the existence of even more contextual correlations. We identify and test a simple noncontextual inequality in which the quantum violation cannot be improved by any hypothetical post-quantum resource, and use it to experimentally obtain correlations in which the maximum noncontextual content, defined as the maximum fraction of noncontextual correlations, is less than 0.06. Our correlations are experimentally generated from the outcomes of sequential compatible measurements on a four-state quantum system encoded in the polarization and path of a single photon.

  15. Quantumness of correlations and entanglement

    CERN Document Server

    Devi, A R Usha; Sudha,

    2011-01-01

    Generalized measurement schemes on one part of bipartite states, which would leave the set of all separable states insensitive are explored here to understand quantumness of correlations in a more general perspecitve. This is done by employing linear maps associated with generalized projective measurements. A generalized measurement corresponds to a quantum operation mapping a density matrix to another density matrix, preserving its positivity, hermiticity and traceclass. The Positive Operator Valued Measure (POVM) -- employed earlier in the literature to optimize the measures of classical/quatnum correlations -- correspond to completely positive (CP) maps. The other class, the not completely positive (NCP) maps, are investigated here, in the context of measurements, for the first time. It is shown that that such NCP projective maps provide a new clue to the understanding the quantumness of correlations in a general setting. Especially, the separability-classicality dichotomy gets resolved only when both the ...

  16. Biometric verification with correlation filters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vijaya Kumar, B. V. K.; Savvides, Marios; Xie, Chunyan; Venkataramani, Krithika; Thornton, Jason; Mahalanobis, Abhijit

    2004-01-01

    Using biometrics for subject verification can significantly improve security over that of approaches based on passwords and personal identification numbers, both of which people tend to lose or forget. In biometric verification the system tries to match an input biometric (such as a fingerprint, face image, or iris image) to a stored biometric template. Thus correlation filter techniques are attractive candidates for the matching precision needed in biometric verification. In particular, advanced correlation filters, such as synthetic discriminant function filters, can offer very good matching performance in the presence of variability in these biometric images (e.g., facial expressions, illumination changes, etc.). We investigate the performance of advanced correlation filters for face, fingerprint, and iris biometric verification.

  17. Investigating cybercrime

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.J., Oerlemans

    2017-01-01

    This study examines the following investigative methods that are commonly used in cybercrime investigations: (1) the gathering of publicly available online information, (2) the issuing of data production orders to online service providers, (3) the use of online undercover investigative methods, and

  18. Modulated Entanglement Evolution Via Correlated Noises

    CERN Document Server

    Corn, Brittany

    2009-01-01

    We study entanglement dynamics in the presence of correlated environmental noises. Specifically, we investigate the quantum entanglement dynamics of two spins in the presence of correlated classical white noises, deriving Markov master equation and obtaining explicit solutions for several interesting classes of initial states including Bell states and X form density matrices. We show how entanglement can be enhanced or reduced by the correlation between the two participating noises.

  19. LCP correlations with improved resolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heilborn, Lauren; McIntosh, Alan; Jedele, Andrea; Youngs, Mike; Zarrella, Andrew; Yennello, Sherry

    2016-09-01

    Nuclear Equation of State (EoS) is important to a fundamental understanding of nuclear matter. The density dependence of the asymmetry energy, the least constrained term in the EoS, is critical to describing exotic systems such as neutron-rich heavy-ion collisions and neutron stars. Correlation functions of particles emitted in heavy ion reactions (such a p-p correlations) have been predicted to be sensitive to the asymmetry energy. In order to measure correlation functions with high resolution, the Forward Array Using Silicon Technology (FAUST) at the Cyclotron Institute at Texas A&M University has been recently re-commissioned with position-sensitive silicons as the delta-E detectors. A new method of position calibration for FAUST has been developed to take advantage of the 200um position resolution within each detector. Data has been collected from reactions of 40Ar +70Zn, 40Ar +58Fe and 40Ca +58Ni at 40 MeV/nucleon. The three systems allow correlation functions to be compared for systems with varying (N-Z)/A while holding constant either the total charge or the total mass. Light charged particles have been measured, and preliminary investigation of correlations from this campaign will be shown. Transport simulations will also be compared and presented.

  20. Correlational effect size benchmarks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosco, Frank A; Aguinis, Herman; Singh, Kulraj; Field, James G; Pierce, Charles A

    2015-03-01

    Effect size information is essential for the scientific enterprise and plays an increasingly central role in the scientific process. We extracted 147,328 correlations and developed a hierarchical taxonomy of variables reported in Journal of Applied Psychology and Personnel Psychology from 1980 to 2010 to produce empirical effect size benchmarks at the omnibus level, for 20 common research domains, and for an even finer grained level of generality. Results indicate that the usual interpretation and classification of effect sizes as small, medium, and large bear almost no resemblance to findings in the field, because distributions of effect sizes exhibit tertile partitions at values approximately one-half to one-third those intuited by Cohen (1988). Our results offer information that can be used for research planning and design purposes, such as producing better informed non-nil hypotheses and estimating statistical power and planning sample size accordingly. We also offer information useful for understanding the relative importance of the effect sizes found in a particular study in relationship to others and which research domains have advanced more or less, given that larger effect sizes indicate a better understanding of a phenomenon. Also, our study offers information about research domains for which the investigation of moderating effects may be more fruitful and provide information that is likely to facilitate the implementation of Bayesian analysis. Finally, our study offers information that practitioners can use to evaluate the relative effectiveness of various types of interventions. PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved.

  1. Correlation Statistics of Quantized Noiselike Signals

    CERN Document Server

    Gwinn, C

    2004-01-01

    I calculate the statistics of correlation of two digitized noiselike signals, which are drawn from complex Gaussian distributions, sampled, quantized, correlated, and averaged. Averaged over many such samples, the correlation r approaches a Gaussian distribution. The mean and variance of r fully characterize the distribution of r. The mean corresponds to the reproducible part of the measurement, and the variance corresponds to the random part, or noise. I investigate the case of nonnegligible covariance rho between the signals. Noise in the correlation can increase or decrease, depending on quantizer parameters, when rho increases. This contrasts with the correlation of continuously valued or unquantized signals, for which the noise in phase with rho increases with increasing rho, and noise out of phase decreases. Indeed, for some quantizer parameters, I find that the correlation of quantized signals provides a more accurate estimate of rho than would correlation without quantization. I present analytic resul...

  2. Dynamics of Nonclassical Correlation in Interacting Qubits under Correlated Dissipative Environments

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIU Liang

    2011-01-01

    The dynamical evolution of nonclassical correlation in interacting qubits is investigated under the correlated dissipative environments for two classes of initial states.If the correlated decay rate equals the independent decay rate,there will be stationary nonclassical correlation between the qubits prepared initially in some separable states.When the correlated decay rate is different from the independent decay rate,the nonclassical correlation between the qubits eventually decays to zero for a certain class of initial states.Quantum entanglement is one of the most remarkable features of quantum mechanics and it plays a central role in quantum information and communication theory.There exists,however,nonclassical correlation,which is more general and more fundamental than entanglement in the sense that separable mixed states can have nonclassical correlation.Moreover,nonclassical correlation other than entanglement can be responsible for the quantum computational efficiency of deterministic quantum computation with one pure qubit.[1,2] Nonclassical correlation has also been used in other physical contexts,such as improving the efficiency of quantum Carnot engines,[3] quantum phase transition and Grover search processes.[4-6]In these contexts,nonclassical correlation could be a new resource for quantum computation.Quantum discord,the most popular measure of such correlations,was introduced by Olliver and Zurek.[7]%The dynamical evolution of nonclassical correlation in interacting qubits is investigated under the correlated dissipative environments for two classes of initial states. If the correlated decay rate equals the independent decay rate, there will be stationary nonclassical correlation between the qubits prepared initially in some separable states. When the correlated decay rate is different from the independent decay rate, the nonclassical correlation between the qubits eventually decays to zero for a certain class of initial states.

  3. Spin-orbit correlations in the nucleon

    CERN Document Server

    Lorcé, Cédric

    2014-01-01

    We investigate the correlations between the quark spin and orbital angular momentum inside the nucleon. Similarly to the Ji relation, we show that these correlations can be expressed in terms of specific moments of measurable parton distributions. This provides a whole new piece of information about the partonic structure of the nucleon.

  4. Correlation Evaluation on Small LTE Handsets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barrio, Samantha Caporal Del; Pedersen, Gert Frølund

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents measurements of the first MIMO handset on the market. It investigates the correlation coefficient computed from coaxial cable measurements and from optical fiber measurements. The results are compared and discussed. The question of the actual feasibility of low correlation...

  5. Cosmological 3-point correlators from holography

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    McFadden, P.; Skenderis, K.

    2011-01-01

    We investigate the non-Gaussianity of primordial cosmological perturbations using holographic methods. In particular, we derive holographic formulae that relate all cosmological 3-point correlation functions, including both scalar and tensor perturbations, to stress-energy correlation functions of a

  6. Theoretical studies of strongly correlated fermions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Logan, D. [Institut Max von Laue - Paul Langevin (ILL), 38 - Grenoble (France)

    1997-04-01

    Strongly correlated fermions are investigated. An understanding of strongly correlated fermions underpins a diverse range of phenomena such as metal-insulator transitions, high-temperature superconductivity, magnetic impurity problems and the properties of heavy-fermion systems, in all of which local moments play an important role. (author).

  7. Neutron Scattering Investigations of Correlated Electron Systems and Neutron Instrumentation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Sonja Lindahl

    are a unique probe for studying the atomic and molecular structure and dynamics of materials. Even though neutrons are very expensive to produce, the advantages neutrons provide overshadow the price. As neutrons interact weakly with materials compared to many other probes, e.g. electrons or photons......, it is possible to make a neutron scattering experiment through sample environment equipment like cryostats or pressure cells. Another advantage of neutron experiments is that the wavelength and energy of the neutron match the inter-atomic distances and basic excitations of solid materials. The scattering cross...... is not taken into account in previous reports on the field effect of magnetic scattering, since usually only L 0 is probed. A paper draft submitted for publication describing the results of elastic and inelastic neutron scattering experiments performed on the oxygen-doped La2CuO4+y HTSC is appended (Tc 40 K...

  8. An Investigation of Demographic Correlates of the Celebrity Attitude Scale

    OpenAIRE

    Lynn McCutcheon; Mara S. Aruguete; William Jenkins; Nancy McCarley; Ronald Yockey

    2016-01-01

    The Celebrity Attitude Scale (CAS) has been widely used in the last 15 years, but little is known about how ethnicity and socioeconomic status relate to scores on this scale. In the first of two studies, we showed that a sample of African-American college students had more favorable attitudes toward their favorite celebrities than a sample of White college students. However, there was no control for the possibility that the two samples were unequal with respect to socioeconomic status. The se...

  9. Neurophysiological Correlates of Visual Dominance: A Lateralized Readiness Potential Investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, You; Liu, Mingxin; Zhang, Wei; Huang, Sai; Zhang, Bao; Liu, Xingzhou; Chen, Qi

    2017-01-01

    When multisensory information concurrently arrives at our receptors, visual information often receives preferential processing and eventually dominates awareness and behavior. Previous research suggested that the visual dominance effect implicated the prioritizing of visual information into the motor system. In order to further reveal the underpinning neurophysiological mechanism of how visual information is prioritized into the motor system when vision dominates audition, the present study examined the time course of a particular motor activation ERP component, the lateralized readiness potential (LRP), during multisensory competition. The onsets of both stimulus-locked LRP (S-LRP) and response-locked LRP (R-LRP) were measured. Results showed that, the R-LRP onset to the auditory target was delayed about 91 ms when it was paired with a simultaneous presented visual target, compared to that when it was presented by itself. For the visual target, however, the R-LRP onset was comparable irrespective of whether it was paired with an auditory target or not. No significant difference was obtained for the onset of S-LRP. Taken together, the time courses of LRPs indicated that visual information was preferentially processed within the motor system, which coincides with the previous finding that the dorsal visual stream prioritizes the flow of visual information into the motor system.

  10. Neutron Scattering Investigations of Correlated Electron Systems and Neutron Instrumentation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Sonja Lindahl

    are a unique probe for studying the atomic and molecular structure and dynamics of materials. Even though neutrons are very expensive to produce, the advantages neutrons provide overshadow the price. As neutrons interact weakly with materials compared to many other probes, e.g. electrons or photons......, it is possible to make a neutron scattering experiment through sample environment equipment like cryostats or pressure cells. Another advantage of neutron experiments is that the wavelength and energy of the neutron match the inter-atomic distances and basic excitations of solid materials. The scattering cross...... magnetism. This is in contrast to what is observed as the critical temperature is slightly lower for this system compared to other co-doped systems, suggesting that the magnetic and superconducting phases co-exist. A published manuscript describes the study of magnetic and superconducting properties of Ba...

  11. Experimental investigation of transverse velocity estimation using cross-correlation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerngaard, Rasmus; Jensen, Jørgen Arendt

    2001-01-01

    A technique for estimating the full flow velocity vector has previously been presented by our group. Unlike conventional estimators, that only detect the axial component of the flow, this new method is capable of estimating the transverse velocity component. The method uses focusing along the flow....... A mean parabolic velocity profile was obtained for purely transverse flow with a mean bias to the true profile of -2.5% relative to the peak velocity and a standard deviation of 13.3% relative to the peak velocity. Twenty pulse-echo lines were used for each estimate and 18 profiles were obtained...

  12. Interrelations that foster learning: An investigation of two correlational studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phan, Huy P

    2016-06-01

    The theoretical tenets of academic engagement, as outlined by Schaufeli and colleagues, have received limited attention. There is credence to indicate that Schaufeli et al.'s conceptualization has educational implications. Extending this avenue of inquiry, we report two longitudinal studies that explore the motivation-related attributes of engagement within the framework of self-efficacy. A number of research questions were developed for examination-for example, does enactive learning experience influence academic achievement, via students' engrossment (i.e. absorption) of a subject matter? Does students' sense of resilience and persistence (i.e. vigor) heighten their self-efficacy beliefs for academic learning? For the two studies (Study 1: 311 Year 11 students; Study 2: 249 Year 12 students), utilizing different cohorts, we measured these constructs at multiple time points. Existing Likert-scale inventories were administered repeatedly, and data collected were analysed using causal modeling procedures. MPlus 7.2 yielded a number of key findings-for example: (a) the positive impact of Time 1 enactive learning experience on Time 2 absorption and vigor, (b) the positive impact of Time absorption on Time 3 self-efficacy, (c) the positive impact of Time 2 absorption on Time 4 achievement and (d) the positive impact of Time 1 self-efficacy on Time 2 absorption and vigor.

  13. Neurophysiological Correlates of Visual Dominance: A Lateralized Readiness Potential Investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, You; Liu, Mingxin; Zhang, Wei; Huang, Sai; Zhang, Bao; Liu, Xingzhou; Chen, Qi

    2017-01-01

    When multisensory information concurrently arrives at our receptors, visual information often receives preferential processing and eventually dominates awareness and behavior. Previous research suggested that the visual dominance effect implicated the prioritizing of visual information into the motor system. In order to further reveal the underpinning neurophysiological mechanism of how visual information is prioritized into the motor system when vision dominates audition, the present study examined the time course of a particular motor activation ERP component, the lateralized readiness potential (LRP), during multisensory competition. The onsets of both stimulus-locked LRP (S-LRP) and response-locked LRP (R-LRP) were measured. Results showed that, the R-LRP onset to the auditory target was delayed about 91 ms when it was paired with a simultaneous presented visual target, compared to that when it was presented by itself. For the visual target, however, the R-LRP onset was comparable irrespective of whether it was paired with an auditory target or not. No significant difference was obtained for the onset of S-LRP. Taken together, the time courses of LRPs indicated that visual information was preferentially processed within the motor system, which coincides with the previous finding that the dorsal visual stream prioritizes the flow of visual information into the motor system.

  14. Premarital Sexual Involvement: A Developmental Investigation of Relational Correlates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christopher, F. Scott; Cate, Rodney M.

    1988-01-01

    Examined differential impact of premarital relationship dimensions on sexual expression among 54 monogamously dating adolescent couples. Couples retrospectively responded to measures of love, conflict, maintenance behaviors, ambivalence, relationship satisfaction, and sexual intimacy for four stages of dating. Found conflict played major role in…

  15. Investigating the control of chlorophyll degradation by genomic correlation mining

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chlorophyll degradation is an intricate process that is critical in a variety of plant tissues at different times during the plant life cycle. Many of the photoactive chlorophyll degradation intermediates are exceptionally cytotoxic necessitating that the pathway be carefully coordinated and regulat...

  16. Investigation of Large Capacity Optical Memories for Correlator Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-10-01

    PATTERNS WITH RECTANGULAR SYMMETRY Pd xi ’Yi i 2 iF*i~ 2 0 -d 00 wxw EXP (i w d) -F (wx, wy )+ 0 d 180 .-w, 10 EXP (- w Vd) -F(-,wV 3 0 -d 0 xwy EXP...F (wVwx) + 0 d 180 .W~ l w EXP i wy di F (-wX.wy) + -d 0 270 -W y wx EXP 0I wx d) F I(Wy. wx) 8 0 -d 0l wxw EXP liwyod) Flwx, wV) + d/£2 -d/ r2 45

  17. Lagged correlation networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curme, Chester

    Technological advances have provided scientists with large high-dimensional datasets that describe the behaviors of complex systems: from the statistics of energy levels in complex quantum systems, to the time-dependent transcription of genes, to price fluctuations among assets in a financial market. In this environment, where it may be difficult to infer the joint distribution of the data, network science has flourished as a way to gain insight into the structure and organization of such systems by focusing on pairwise interactions. This work focuses on a particular setting, in which a system is described by multivariate time series data. We consider time-lagged correlations among elements in this system, in such a way that the measured interactions among elements are asymmetric. Finally, we allow these interactions to be characteristically weak, so that statistical uncertainties may be important to consider when inferring the structure of the system. We introduce a methodology for constructing statistically validated networks to describe such a system, extend the methodology to accommodate interactions with a periodic component, and show how consideration of bipartite community structures in these networks can aid in the construction of robust statistical models. An example of such a system is a financial market, in which high frequency returns data may be used to describe contagion, or the spreading of shocks in price among assets. These data provide the experimental testing ground for our methodology. We study NYSE data from both the present day and one decade ago, examine the time scales over which the validated lagged correlation networks exist, and relate differences in the topological properties of the networks to an increasing economic efficiency. We uncover daily periodicities in the validated interactions, and relate our findings to explanations of the Epps Effect, an empirical phenomenon of financial time series. We also study bipartite community

  18. Particle Correlations at LEP

    CERN Document Server

    Kress, Thomas

    2002-01-01

    Particle correlations are extensively studied to obtain information about the dynamics of hadron production. From 1989 to 2000 the four LEP collaborations recorded more than 16 million hadronic Z0 decays and several thousand W+W- events. In Z0 decays, two-particle correlations were analysed in detail to study Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac correlations for various particle species. In fully-hadronic W+W- decays, particle correlations were used to study whether the two W bosons decay independently. A review of selected results is presented.

  19. Learning efficient correlated equilibria

    KAUST Repository

    Borowski, Holly P.

    2014-12-15

    The majority of distributed learning literature focuses on convergence to Nash equilibria. Correlated equilibria, on the other hand, can often characterize more efficient collective behavior than even the best Nash equilibrium. However, there are no existing distributed learning algorithms that converge to specific correlated equilibria. In this paper, we provide one such algorithm which guarantees that the agents\\' collective joint strategy will constitute an efficient correlated equilibrium with high probability. The key to attaining efficient correlated behavior through distributed learning involves incorporating a common random signal into the learning environment.

  20. Correlation Functions and Spin

    CERN Document Server

    Tyc, T

    2000-01-01

    The k-electron correlation function of a free chaotic electron beam is derived with the spin degree of freedom taken into account. It is shown that it can be expressed with the help of correlation functions for a polarized electron beam of all orders up to k and the degree of spin polarization. The form of the correlation function suggests that if the electron beam is not highly polarized, observing multi-particle correlations should be difficult. The result can be applied also to chaotic photon beams, the degree of spin polarization being replaced by the degree of polarization.

  1. Quantifying meta-correlations in financial markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenett, Dror Y.; Preis, Tobias; Gur-Gershgoren, Gitit; Ben-Jacob, Eshel

    2012-08-01

    Financial markets are modular multi-level systems, in which the relationships between the individual components are not constant in time. Sudden changes in these relationships significantly affect the stability of the entire system, and vice versa. Our analysis is based on historical daily closing prices of the 30 components of the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) from March 15th, 1939 until December 31st, 2010. We quantify the correlation among these components by determining Pearson correlation coefficients, to investigate whether mean correlation of the entire portfolio can be used as a precursor for changes in the index return. To this end, we quantify the meta-correlation - the correlation of mean correlation and index return. We find that changes in index returns are significantly correlated with changes in mean correlation. Furthermore, we study the relationship between the index return and correlation volatility - the standard deviation of correlations for a given time interval. This parameter provides further evidence of the effect of the index on market correlations and their fluctuations. Our empirical findings provide new information and quantification of the index leverage effect, and have implications to risk management, portfolio optimization, and to the increased stability of financial markets.

  2. Quantum Correlations in Heisenberg XY Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Yin-Yan; ZHANG Yong

    2013-01-01

    Quantum correlations measured by quantum discord (QD),measurement-induced distance (MID),and geometric measure of quantum discord (GMQD) in two-qubit Heisenberg XY spin chain are investigated.The effects of DM interaction and anisotropic on the three correlations are considered.Characteristics of various correlation measures for the two-qubit states are compared.The increasing Dz increases QD,MID and GMQD monotonously while the increasing anisotropy both increases and decreases QD and GMQD.The three quantum correlations are always existent at very high temperature.MID is always larger than QD,but there is no definite ordering between QD and GMQD.

  3. Correlations in multiparticle production

    CERN Document Server

    Troshin, S M

    2011-01-01

    We discuss correlations in the hadron production in the $pp$-collision with emphasize on the ridge-like structure origin in the two-particle correlation function. We suggest that this structure can appear due to a rotating nature of the transient state of matter generated in the intermidiate stage of proton collison.

  4. ALMA correlator computer systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pisano, Jim; Amestica, Rodrigo; Perez, Jesus

    2004-09-01

    We present a design for the computer systems which control, configure, and monitor the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) correlator and process its output. Two distinct computer systems implement this functionality: a rack- mounted PC controls and monitors the correlator, and a cluster of 17 PCs process the correlator output into raw spectral results. The correlator computer systems interface to other ALMA computers via gigabit Ethernet networks utilizing CORBA and raw socket connections. ALMA Common Software provides the software infrastructure for this distributed computer environment. The control computer interfaces to the correlator via multiple CAN busses and the data processing computer cluster interfaces to the correlator via sixteen dedicated high speed data ports. An independent array-wide hardware timing bus connects to the computer systems and the correlator hardware ensuring synchronous behavior and imposing hard deadlines on the control and data processor computers. An aggregate correlator output of 1 gigabyte per second with 16 millisecond periods and computational data rates of approximately 1 billion floating point operations per second define other hard deadlines for the data processing computer cluster.

  5. Higher-spin correlators

    CERN Document Server

    Alday, Luis F

    2013-01-01

    We analyze the properly normalized three-point correlator of two protected scalar operators and one higher spin twist-two operator in N=4 super Yang-Mills, in the limit of large spin j. The relevant structure constant can be extracted from the OPE of the four-point correlator of protected scalar operators. We show that crossing symmetry of the four point correlator plus a judicious guess for the perturbative structure of the three-point correlator, allow to make a prediction for the structure constant at all loops in perturbation theory, up to terms that remain finite as the spin becomes large. Furthermore, the expression for the structure constant allows to propose an expression for the all loops four-point correlator G(u,v), in the limit u,v -> 0. Our predictions are in perfect agreement with the large j expansion of results available in the literature.

  6. Professional correlates of insomnia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Léger, Damien; Massuel, Marie-Anne; Metlaine, Arnaud

    2006-02-01

    Insomnia is a highly prevalent disorder that affects daytime functioning, behavior, and quality of life. Several reports have shown that insomnia impacts on the workforce and is associated with an increased risk of absenteeism. However, few workplace studies have been performed. Our study attempted to evaluate the professional correlates of insomnia by comparing a group of workers with insomnia to a matched group of good sleepers. The main objective measure was absenteeism. Accidents, self-esteem at work, job satisfaction, and efficiency at work were also investigated. Pairs of workers with insomnia (according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition definition) and good sleepers, matched by age, sex, and occupational status, were interviewed by their occupational physician and also answered a self-administered questionnaire on work-related criteria. Objective data on absenteeism (number of days absent from work) were provided by the employers' health resource databases. Paris and the Ile de France region (France). Seven hundred eighty-five subjects completed the questionnaire. We retained 369 pair (ie, 738 subjects) for analysis. Insomniacs missed work twice as often as good sleepers. The difference between insomniacs and good sleepers in terms of absenteeism was particularly high for blue-collar workers (odds ratio = 3.0) and men (odds ratio = 2.31). Insomniacs had also a higher accident rate while driving and, strikingly, a 3-fold greater risk of having 2 or 3 serious road accidents. They also reported poor self-esteem at work, less job satisfaction, and less efficiency at work, compared with good sleepers. Our study found an objective increase in absenteeism in insomniacs compared with good sleepers.

  7. Pairing correlations in exotic nuclei

    CERN Document Server

    Sagawa, H

    2012-01-01

    The BCS and HFB theories which can accommodate the pairing correlations in the ground states of atomic nuclei are presented. As an application of the pairing theories, we investigate the spatial extension of weakly bound Ne and C isotopes by taking into account the pairing correlation with the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) method and a 3-body model, respectively. We show that the odd-even staggering in the reaction cross sections of $^{30,31,32}$Ne and $^{14,15,16}$C are successfully reproduced, and thus the staggering can be attributed to the unique role of pairing correlations in nuclei far from the stability line. A correlation between a one-neutron separation energy and the anti-halo effect is demonstrated for $s$- and p-waves using the HFB wave functions. We also propose effective density-dependent pairing interactions which reproduce both the neutron-neutron ($nn$) scattering length at zero density and the neutron pairing gap in uniform matter. Then, we apply these interactions to study pairing gaps in ...

  8. Relativistic quantum correlations in bipartite fermionic states

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S KHAN; N A KHAN

    2016-10-01

    The influences of relative motion, the size of the wave packet and the average momentum of the particles on different types of correlations present in bipartite quantum states are investigated. In particular, the dynamics of the quantum mutual information, the classical correlation and the quantum discord on the spincorrelations of entangled fermions are studied. In the limit of small average momentum, regardless of the size of the wave packet and the rapidity, the classical and the quantum correlations are equally weighted. On the otherhand, in the limit of large average momentum, the only correlations that exist in the system are the quantum correlations. For every value of the average momentum, the quantum correlations maximize at an optimal size of the wave packet. It is shown that after reaching a minimum value, the revival of quantum discord occurs with increasing rapidity.

  9. Investigation of correlation between real-time ultrasound elastosonography score and autoimmunity in patients with hashimoto thyroiditis%桥本甲状腺炎实时超声弹性成像评分与自身免疫的相关性探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冉张申; 郭洪霞; 李湘奇

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨桥本甲状腺炎( HT)超声弹性评分和弹性系数与甲状腺自身免疫功能的相关性。方法:216例桥本甲状腺炎患者,采用GE LOGIQ3型彩色多普勒超声诊断仪获得满意弹性图像后,评定弹性评分及弹性系数;化学发光法检测甲状腺功能及甲状腺过氧化物酶抗体( TPOAb)、甲状腺球蛋白抗体( TgAb)滴度,分别分析甲状腺超声弹性评分和弹性系数与甲状腺自身抗体相关性。结果:216例HT患者血清促甲状腺激素( TSH)、TGA、TPO明显升高,TgAb的滴度与弹性系数呈正相关,r=0.54,P<0.01;TgAb与弹性评分呈正相关,r=0.496,P<0.01;TPOAb与弹性应变系数呈正相关,r=0.77,P<0.01, TPOAb与弹性评分呈正相关,r=0.73,P<0.01。结论:实时超声弹性成像评分结合甲状腺自身免疫功能检测,有助于提高桥本甲状腺炎诊断的正确性。%Objective:To investigate the correlation between ultrasonic elasticity score ,elasticity coefficient and autoimmune thyroid function in patients with HT ( hashimoto thyroiditis ) .Methods: Used GE LOGIQ3 type Color Doppler Ultrasound Diagnostic System to acquire satisfactory elastosonography from 216 patients with HT,and evaluated the elasticity score and elasticity coefficient;to detecte the thyroid function and the titer of Thyroid peroxidase antibody ( TPOAb ) , Thyroid globulin antibody ( TgAb ) by chemiluminescence ,respectively investigated the correlation between ultrasonic elasticity score , elasticity coefficient and autoimmune thyroid function.Results:Serum Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH),TGA and TPO in 216 patients with HT increased significantly , TgAb and elastic coefficient were positively correlated , r=0.54 , P<0.01;TgAb and elasticity score were positively correlated , r=0.496 ,P<0.01;TPOAb and elastic coefficient were positively correlated ,r=0.77 ,P<0.01 ,TPOAb and elasticity score were

  10. Hadronic Correlations and Fluctuations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koch, Volker

    2008-10-09

    We will provide a review of some of the physics which can be addressed by studying fluctuations and correlations in heavy ion collisions. We will discuss Lattice QCD results on fluctuations and correlations and will put them into context with observables which have been measured in heavy-ion collisions. Special attention will be given to the QCD critical point and the first order co-existence region, and we will discuss how the measurement of fluctuations and correlations can help in an experimental search for non-trivial structures in the QCD phase diagram.

  11. Correlation plenoptic imaging

    CERN Document Server

    D'Angelo, Milena; Pepe, Francesco V; Vaccarelli, Ornella; Scarcelli, Giuliano

    2016-01-01

    Plenoptic imaging is a promising optical modality that simultaneously captures the location and the propagation direction of light in order to enable tridimensional imaging in a single shot. However, in classical imaging systems, the maximum spatial and angular resolutions are fundamentally linked; thereby, the maximum achievable depth of field is inversely proportional to the spatial resolution. We propose to take advantage of the second-order correlation properties of light to overcome this fundamental limitation. In this paper, we demonstrate that the momentum/position correlation of chaotic light leads to the enhanced refocusing power of correlation plenoptic imaging with respect to standard plenoptic imaging.

  12. Correlated Multiphoton Holes

    CERN Document Server

    Afek, Itai; Silberberg, Yaron

    2010-01-01

    We generate bipartite states of light which exhibit an absence of multiphoton coincidence events between two modes amid a constant background flux. These `correlated photon holes' are produced by mixing a coherent state and relatively weak spontaneous parametric down-conversion using a balanced beamsplitter. Correlated holes with arbitrarily high photon numbers may be obtained by adjusting the relative phase and amplitude of the inputs. We measure states of up to five photons and verify their nonclassicality. The scheme provides a route for observation of high-photon-number nonclassical correlations without requiring intense quantum resources.

  13. Electron correlation in molecules

    CERN Document Server

    Wilson, S

    2007-01-01

    Electron correlation effects are of vital significance to the calculation of potential energy curves and surfaces, the study of molecular excitation processes, and in the theory of electron-molecule scattering. This text describes methods for addressing one of theoretical chemistry's central problems, the study of electron correlation effects in molecules.Although the energy associated with electron correlation is a small fraction of the total energy of an atom or molecule, it is of the same order of magnitude as most energies of chemical interest. If the solution of quantum mechanical equatio

  14. Correlation Plenoptic Imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Angelo, Milena; Pepe, Francesco V.; Garuccio, Augusto; Scarcelli, Giuliano

    2016-06-01

    Plenoptic imaging is a promising optical modality that simultaneously captures the location and the propagation direction of light in order to enable three-dimensional imaging in a single shot. However, in standard plenoptic imaging systems, the maximum spatial and angular resolutions are fundamentally linked; thereby, the maximum achievable depth of field is inversely proportional to the spatial resolution. We propose to take advantage of the second-order correlation properties of light to overcome this fundamental limitation. In this Letter, we demonstrate that the correlation in both momentum and position of chaotic light leads to the enhanced refocusing power of correlation plenoptic imaging with respect to standard plenoptic imaging.

  15. 孤立性肺腺癌血管生成与血流模式初步研究:影像-病理对照%Preliminary investigation of tumor angiogenesis and blood flow pattern in solitary bronchogenic adenocarcinoma: radiologic-pathologic correlation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shenjiang Li; Xiangsheng Xiao; Shiyuan Liu; Huimin Li; Chengzhou Li; Chenshi Zhang

    2008-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the correlations of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-positive tumor anglogenesis and the quantifiable parameters of blood flow pattern derived with dynamic CT in solitary bronchogenic adenocarcinoma.Methods:30 patients with VEGF-positive bronchogenic adenocarcinomas (diameter≤4 cm) underwent multi-location dynamic contrast matedal..enhanced (nonionic contrast material was administrated via the antecubital vein at a rate of 4 mL/sec by using an autoinjector) serial CT.The quantifiable parameters (Perfusion,peak height,ratio of peak height of the bronchogenic adenocarcinoma to that of the aorta and mean transit time) of blood flow pattern derived with dynamic CT in solitary bronchogenic adenocarcinoma were compared with microvessel densities (MVDs) and VEGF expression by immunohistochemistry.Results:Peak height of VEGF-positive bronchogenic adenocarcinoma was 36.06 HU + 13.57 HU,bronchogenic adenocarcinoma-to-aorta ratio 14.25%±4.92,and perfusion value 29.66±5.60 mL/min/100 g,mean transit time 14.86 s±5.84 s,and MVD 70.15±20.03.Each of peak height,ratio of peak height of the bronchogenic adenocarcinoma to that of the aorta and perfusion correlated positively with MVD (r=0.781,P<0.0001;r=0.688,P<0.0001;r=0.716,P<0.0001;respectively).No significant correlation was found between mean transit time and MVD (r=0.260,P=0.200>0.05).Conclusion:Perfusion,peak height and ratio of peak height of the bronchogenic adenocarcinoma to that of the aorta reflect MVD in VEGF-pesitive bronchogenic adenocarcinoma.Perfusion,peak height and ratio of peak height of the bronchogenic adenocarcinoma to that of the aorta derived with dynamic CT might be index for VEGF-related tumor angiogenesis in bronchogenic adenocercinoma.

  16. Strongly correlated systems experimental techniques

    CERN Document Server

    Mancini, Ferdinando

    2015-01-01

    The continuous evolution and development of experimental techniques is at the basis of any fundamental achievement in modern physics. Strongly correlated systems (SCS), more than any other, need to be investigated through the greatest variety of experimental techniques in order to unveil and crosscheck the numerous and puzzling anomalous behaviors characterizing them. The study of SCS fostered the improvement of many old experimental techniques, but also the advent of many new ones just invented in order to analyze the complex behaviors of these systems. Many novel materials, with functional properties emerging from macroscopic quantum behaviors at the frontier of modern research in physics, chemistry and materials science, belong to this class of systems. The volume presents a representative collection of the modern experimental techniques specifically tailored for the analysis of strongly correlated systems. Any technique is presented in great detail by its own inventor or by one of the world-wide recognize...

  17. Experimental investigation of the generation mechanism of aerodynamic noise. 2nd Report. On correlation between surface pressure fluctuation and aerodynamic sound radiated from a circular cylinder; Kurikion no hassei kiko ni kansuru jikken kaiseki. 2. Hyomen atsuryoku hendo to kurikion no sogo sokan ni tsuite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iida, A.; Kato, C.; Otaguro, T. [Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Fujita, H. [Nihon University, Tokyo (Japan). College of Science and Technology

    1996-12-25

    The mechanism of aerodynamic sound generation from a circular cylinder is investigated experimentally using coherence functions between surface pressure fluctuation and radiated sound at Reynolds numbers from 10{sup 4} to 1.4 {times} 10{sup 5}. The correlation between the surface pressure fluctuation and the radiated sound at the fundamental frequency is good, indicating the strong contribution of ordered structures to aerodynamic sound generation. The characteristic length of ordered structure Lc is estimated using the integral scale of the spanwise coherence function of surface pressure fluctuations. The sound pressure is calculated using a modified Curle`s equation, with the characteristic length and measured surface pressure fluctuations. The predicted spectra of radiated sound are in good agreement with those actually measured up to five times the fundamental frequency. This result shows that Lc, is useful for estimating the character of radiated sound from a circular cylinder. 16 refs., 13 figs., 2 tabs.

  18. Examining Correlates of Diversity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raudenbush, Stephen W.; Bryk, Anthony S.

    1987-01-01

    Statistical methods are presented for studying "correlates of diversity," defined as characteristics of educational organizations that predict dispersion on the dependent variable. Strategies based on exact distribution theory and asymptotic normal approximation are considered. (TJH)

  19. Strongly Correlated Materials

    OpenAIRE

    Morosan, Emilia; Natelson, Douglas; Nevidomskyy, Andriy H.; Si, Qimiao

    2013-01-01

    Strongly correlated materials are profoundly affected by the repulsive electron-electron interaction. This stands in contrast to many commonly used materials such as silicon and aluminum, whose properties are comparatively unaffected by the Coulomb repulsion. Correlated materials often have remarkable properties and transitions between distinct, competing phases with dramatically different electronic and magnetic orders. These rich phenomena are fascinating from the basic science perspective ...

  20. Optically fixed photorefractive correlator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘友文; 刘立人; 周常河; 徐良瑛

    2002-01-01

    An optically fixed photorefractive correlator is presented, where two-centre non-volatile holographic recording isemployed to write and fix the matched filter in doubly doped LiNbO3 crystals. This correlator shows good correlationcharacteristics and insensitivity to the writing beam during readout. It can be used in cases requiring stability and notrequiring modification for a long period, and it is refreshed optically when new information needs to be registered.

  1. Emerging Correlation Optics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Angelsky, Oleg V.; Gbur, Gregory J.; Polyanskii, Peter;

    2012-01-01

    This feature issue of Applied Optics contains a series of selected papers reflecting the state-of-the-art of correlation optics and showing synergetics between the theoretical background and experimental techniques.......This feature issue of Applied Optics contains a series of selected papers reflecting the state-of-the-art of correlation optics and showing synergetics between the theoretical background and experimental techniques....

  2. CARMA Correlator Graphical Setup

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, D.; Shaya, B.; Pound, M. W.

    2011-07-01

    CARMA Correlator Graphical Setup (CGS) is a Java tool to help users of the Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave Astronomy (CARMA) plan observations. It allows users to visualize the correlator bands overlaid on frequency space and view spectral lines within each band. Bands can be click-dragged to anywhere in frequency and can have their properties (e.g., bandwidth, quantization level, rest frequency) changed interactively. Spectral lines can be filtered from the view by expected line strength to reduce visual clutter. Once the user is happy with the setup, a button click generates the Python commands needed to configure the correlator within the observing script. CGS can also read Python configurations from an observing script and reproduce the correlator setup that was used. Because the correlator hardware description is defined in an XML file, the tool can be rapidly reconfigured for changing hardware. This has been quite useful as CARMA has recently commissioned a new correlator. The tool was written in Java by high school summer interns working in UMD's Laboratory for Millimeter Astronomy and has become an essential planning tool for CARMA PIs.

  3. Sudden Transition between Quantum Correlation and Classical Correlation: the Effect of Interaction between Subsystems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAN Jun-Yan; WANG Lin-Cheng; YI Xue-Xi

    2011-01-01

    We study the quantum discord dynamics of a bipartite composite system in the presence of a dissipative environment and investigate the effect of the interaction between the two subsystems. The results show that the interaction can influence the sudden transition between the quantum correlation and the classical correlation and for the maximally mixed marginals initial states, the sudden transition regime will always exist. The entanglements are also discussed in comparison to the quantum discord in describing the quantum correlations.%@@ We study the quantum discord dynamics of a bipartite composite system in the presence of a dissipative envi- ronment and investigate the effect of the interaction between the two subsystems.The results show that the interaction can influence the sudden transition between the quantum correlation and the classical correlation and for the maximally mixed marginals initial states, the sudden transition regime will always exist.The entangle- ments are also discussed in comparison to the quantum discord in describing the quantum correlations.

  4. Investigating Corruption

    OpenAIRE

    Prendergast, Canice

    2000-01-01

    Agency theory has had little to say about the control of bureaucratic corruption, perhaps the greatest agency problem that exists. The author considers the role of incentive contracting in reducing corruption through the use of independent investigations-a common way to monitor corruption. In simple settings, bureaucratic corruption can be suppressed by rewarding and penalizing bureaucrats...

  5. 青年急性心肌梗死患者疾病不确定感与应对模式的相关性分析%Investigation and correlation analyze on uncertainty in illness and coping styles among young patients with acute myocardial infarction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈健红; 刘砂沙; 申健; 邓瑞珍

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the uncertainty in illness and coping styles among young patients with acute myocardial infarction ( AMI) and analyze their correlation. Methods We used Mishel Uncertainty in Illness Scale ( MUIS) and the Medical Coping Modes Questionnaire ( MCMQ) to assessed 134 young AMI patients cross section study, and analyzed the correlation among the results. Results Total score regarding young AMI patients′uncertainty in illness was (125. 45 ± 24. 49); the average facing score and the avoidance score and the yield score regarding MCMQ were (20. 08 ± 4. 82), (15. 18 ± 2. 83) and (7. 14 ± 2. 69) respectively. Analysis indicated that both the facing and the avoidance score were negatively correlated with the total score of MUIS ( r=-0. 351,-0. 267;P<0. 05);the yield score were positively correlated with the total score of MUIS (r=0. 344, P<0. 01). Conclusions The uncertainty of illness is at high level among young AMI patients, coping it in a positive way is helpful with decreasing patients′uncertainty in illness.%目的 调查青年急性心肌梗死( AMI)患者的疾病不确定感和应对模式,并分析其相关性.方法 采用疾病不确定感量表( MUIS)、医学应对方式问卷( MCMQ)对134例青年AMI行PCI治疗术后住院患者进行横断面调研,分析两者之间的相关性. 结果 134例青年AMI患者MUIS总分为(125. 45 ± 24. 49)分;MCMQ问卷中面对维度平均分为(20. 08 ± 4. 82)分,回避维度平均分为(15. 18 ± 2. 83)分,屈服维度平均分为(7. 14 ± 2. 69)分. 相关分析显示,面对、回避维度评分与MUIS总分呈负相关( r值分别为-0. 351,-0. 267;P<0. 05),屈服维度评分与MUIS总分均呈正相关(r=0. 344,P<0. 01). 结论 青年AMI患者存在高度不确定感状态,积极地面对方式将有利于降低青年AMI患者的疾病不确定感.

  6. Correlation between MRI, clinical findings and electrophysiological investigation for diagnosis of idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome%特发性腕管综合征的MRI、临床表现及电生理检测的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜璐璐; 高佩虹; 于继徐; 车峰远

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨MRI、临床表现及电生理检测对特发性腕管综合征病情程度的诊断价值.方法 对30名特发性腕管综合征患者进行临床、电生理检测及腕部磁共振成像,所得参数之间进行相关性检验.结果 除豌豆骨水平正中神经面积外,其它MRI参数、临床表现、电生理检测参数之间无相关性.豌豆骨水平正中神经面积与两点辨别觉呈正相关(P<0.01),与感觉潜伏时呈正相关(P<0.05),与感觉传导速度(sensory conduction velocity,SCV)呈负相关(P<0.05).结论 经腕MRI测量的豌豆骨水平正中神经面积,是评估病情程度的一个敏感指标.%Objective To explore MRI,clinical evaluation and electrophysiological investigation in diagnostic value about the severity of idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome. Methods Thirty patients with idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome were assessed by MRI,clinical evaluation and electrophysiological investigation. Correlation tests were used to determine the relationships between all the measured parameters. Results With exception of median nerve area at pisiform level, there was not correlation between MRI parameters and findings obtained by clinical assessments and electrophysiological measurements. Crosssectional area of median nerve at pisiform level correlated positively with twopoint discrimination ( P < 0. 01), sensory latency { P < 0. 05 ) and negatively with sensory nerve conduction velocity( P < 0.05). Conclusion The area of median nerve measured by wrist magnetic resonance at pisiform level was a sensitive indicator to valuale the disese.

  7. Boundary Anomalies and Correlation Functions

    CERN Document Server

    Huang, Kuo-Wei

    2016-01-01

    It was shown recently that boundary terms of conformal anomalies recover the universal contribution to the entanglement entropy and also play an important role in the boundary monotonicity theorem of odd-dimensional quantum field theories. Motivated by these results, we investigate relationships between boundary anomalies and the stress tensor correlation functions in conformal field theories. In particular, we focus on how the conformal Ward identity and the renormalization group equation are modified by boundary central charges. Renormalized stress tensors induced by boundary Weyl invariants are also discussed, with examples in spherical and cylindrical geometries.

  8. Are Eurozone Fixed Income Markets Integrated? An Analysis Based on Wavelet Multiple Correlation and Cross Correlation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arif Billah Dar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the synchronization of fixed income markets within Eurozone countries using the new wavelet based methodology. Conventional wavelet methods that use multivariate set of variables to calculate pairwise correlation and cross correlation lead to spurious correlation due to possible relationships with other variables, amplification of type-1 errors, and results, in the form of large set of erroneous graphs. Given these disadvantages of conventional wavelet based pairwise correlation and cross-correlation method, we avoid these limitations by using wavelet multiple correlation and multiple cross correlations to analyze the relationships in Eurozone fixed income markets. Our results based on this methodology indicate that Eurozone fixed income markets are highly integrated and this integration grows with timescales, and hence there is almost no scope for independent monetary policy and bond diversification in these countries.

  9. Legibility Investigations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beier, Sofie

    2013-01-01

    . One is the master typeface; three of the remaining typefaces have one stylistic feature that differs from the master (skeleton, weight, and width); and three have two stylistic features that differ from the master (weight/skeleton, weight/contrast and weight/width). In an experimental investigation...... where the test material is based on the different members of Neutral Test, the researcher will thus be able to identify the specific stylistic feature that causes a given difference in performance....

  10. Strongly correlated materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morosan, Emilia; Natelson, Douglas; Nevidomskyy, Andriy H; Si, Qimiao

    2012-09-18

    Strongly correlated materials are profoundly affected by the repulsive electron-electron interaction. This stands in contrast to many commonly used materials such as silicon and aluminum, whose properties are comparatively unaffected by the Coulomb repulsion. Correlated materials often have remarkable properties and transitions between distinct, competing phases with dramatically different electronic and magnetic orders. These rich phenomena are fascinating from the basic science perspective and offer possibilities for technological applications. This article looks at these materials through the lens of research performed at Rice University. Topics examined include: Quantum phase transitions and quantum criticality in "heavy fermion" materials and the iron pnictide high temperature superconductors; computational ab initio methods to examine strongly correlated materials and their interface with analytical theory techniques; layered dichalcogenides as example correlated materials with rich phases (charge density waves, superconductivity, hard ferromagnetism) that may be tuned by composition, pressure, and magnetic field; and nanostructure methods applied to the correlated oxides VO₂ and Fe₃O₄, where metal-insulator transitions can be manipulated by doping at the nanoscale or driving the system out of equilibrium. We conclude with a discussion of the exciting prospects for this class of materials.

  11. Cross-correlation beamforming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruigrok, Elmer; Gibbons, Steven; Wapenaar, Kees

    2016-10-01

    An areal distribution of sensors can be used for estimating the direction of incoming waves through beamforming. Beamforming may be implemented as a phase-shifting and stacking of data recorded on the different sensors (i.e., conventional beamforming). Alternatively, beamforming can be applied to cross-correlations between the waveforms on the different sensors. We derive a kernel for beamforming cross-correlated data and call it cross-correlation beamforming (CCBF). We point out that CCBF has slightly better resolution and aliasing characteristics than conventional beamforming. When auto-correlations are added to CCBF, the array response functions are the same as for conventional beamforming. We show numerically that CCBF is more resilient to non-coherent noise. Furthermore, we illustrate that with CCBF individual receiver-pairs can be removed to improve mapping to the slowness domain. An additional flexibility of CCBF is that cross-correlations can be time-windowed prior to beamforming, e.g., to remove the directionality of a scattered wavefield. The observations on synthetic data are confirmed with field data from the SPITS array (Svalbard). Both when beamforming an earthquake arrival and when beamforming ambient noise, CCBF focuses more of the energy to a central beam. Overall, the main advantage of CCBF is noise suppression and its flexibility to remove station pairs that deteriorate the signal-related beampower.

  12. Terrain correlation suitability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Wang; McClintock, Robert L.

    1994-07-01

    Terrain-aided navigation (TAN), also referred to as terrain correlation, is a technique that has proven to be highly successful as a navigational aid for autonomous, unmanned guided missiles. Qualitatively speaking, the effectiveness of terrain correlation is a function of signal- to-noise (S/N) ratio. The signal is equivalent to terrain roughness, while the noise is the combination of reference map errors, radar altimeter errors, and INS altitude errors. However, it is not practical to use only a single parameter, such as S/N, to define the suitability of terrain correlation. This paper discusses the shortcomings of the conventional single-parameter approach to the terrain contour matching algorithm (TERCOM) used in cruise missile guidance systems scene selection. A more comprehensive technique is then presented that analyzes the terrain correlation suitability based on a Monte Carlo simulation technique. A figure-of-merit (FOM) for terrain correlation suitability, computed from sample statistics, is introduced and simulation results are provided to illustrate the feasibility of using a multi-parameter FOM technique. The preliminary results indicate that the proposed approach could provide a cost effective enhancement to the TAN-based mission planning process.

  13. Correlation Degree and Correlation Coefficient of Multi- Output Functions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JU Gui-zhi; ZHAO Ya-qun

    2005-01-01

    We present definitions of the correlation degree and correlation coefficient of multi-output functions. Two relationships about the correlation degree of multi-output functions are proved. One is between the correlation degree and independency,the other is between the correlation degree and balance. Especially the paper discusses the correlation degree of affine multioutput functions. We demonstrate properties of the correlation coefficient of multi-output functions. One is the value range of the correlation coefficient, one is the relationship between the correlation coefficient and independency, and another is the sufficient and necessary condition that two multi-output functions are equivalent to each other.

  14. Correlation-Peak Imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziegler, A.; Metzler, A.; Köckenberger, W.; Izquierdo, M.; Komor, E.; Haase, A.; Décorps, M.; von Kienlin, M.

    1996-08-01

    Identification and quantitation in conventional1H spectroscopic imagingin vivois often hampered by the small chemical-shift range. To improve the spectral resolution of spectroscopic imaging, homonuclear two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy has been combined with phase encoding of the spatial dimensions. From the theoretical description of the coherence-transfer signal in the Fourier-transform domain, a comprehensive acquisition and processing strategy is presented that includes optimization of the width and the position of the acquisition windows, matched filtering of the signal envelope, and graphical presentation of the cross peak of interest. The procedure has been applied to image the spatial distribution of the correlation peaks from specific spin systems in the hypocotyl of castor bean (Ricinus communis) seedlings. Despite the overlap of many resonances, correlation-peak imaging made it possible to observe a number of proton resonances, such as those of sucrose, β-glucose, glutamine/glutamate, lysine, and arginine.

  15. Nonlocality of quantum correlations

    CERN Document Server

    Streltsov, A; Roga, W; Bruß, D; Illuminati, F

    2012-01-01

    We show that only those composite quantum systems possessing nonvanishing quantum correlations have the property that any nontrivial local unitary evolution changes their global state. This type of nonlocality occurs also for states that do not violate a Bell inequality, such as, for instance, Werner states with a low degree of entanglement. We derive the exact relation between the global state change induced by local unitary evolutions and the amount of quantum correlations. We prove that the minimal change coincides with the geometric measure of discord, thus providing the latter with an operational interpretation in terms of the capability of a local unitary dynamics to modify a global state. We establish rigorously that Werner states are the maximally quantum correlated two-qubit states, and thus are the ones that maximize this novel type of nonlocality.

  16. Fully nonlocal quantum correlations

    CERN Document Server

    Aolita, Leandro; Acín, Antonio; Chiuri, Andrea; Vallone, Giuseppe; Mataloni, Paolo; Cabello, Adán

    2011-01-01

    Quantum mechanics is a nonlocal theory, but not as nonlocal as the no-signalling principle allows. However, there exist quantum correlations that exhibit maximal nonlocality: they are as nonlocal as any non-signalling correlations and thus have a local content, quantified by the fraction $p_L$ of events admitting a local description, equal to zero. Previous examples of maximal quantum nonlocality between two parties require an infinite number of measurements, and the corresponding Bell violation is not robust against noise. We show how every proof of the Kochen-Specker theorem gives rise to maximally nonlocal quantum correlations that involve a finite number of measurements and are robust against noise. We perform the experimental demonstration of a Bell test originating from the Peres-Mermin Kochen-Specker proof, providing an upper bound on the local content $p_L\\lesssim 0.22$.

  17. Pair Correlation Function Integrals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wedberg, Nils Hejle Rasmus Ingemar; O'Connell, John P.; Peters, Günther H.J.;

    2011-01-01

    numerical tests complementing previous results. Pure molecular fluids are here studied in the isothermal-isobaric ensemble with isothermal compressibilities evaluated from the total correlation function integrals and compared with values derived from volume fluctuations. For systems where the radial......We describe a method for extending radial distribution functions obtained from molecular simulations of pure and mixed molecular fluids to arbitrary distances. The method allows total correlation function integrals to be reliably calculated from simulations of relatively small systems. The long......, and J. Abildskov, Mol. Simul. 36, 1243 (2010); Fluid Phase Equilib. 302, 32 (2011)], but describe here its theoretical basis more thoroughly and derive long-distance approximations for the direct correlation functions. We describe the numerical implementation of the method in detail, and report...

  18. Temporal evolution of financial-market correlations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fenn, Daniel J; Porter, Mason A; Williams, Stacy; McDonald, Mark; Johnson, Neil F; Jones, Nick S

    2011-08-01

    We investigate financial market correlations using random matrix theory and principal component analysis. We use random matrix theory to demonstrate that correlation matrices of asset price changes contain structure that is incompatible with uncorrelated random price changes. We then identify the principal components of these correlation matrices and demonstrate that a small number of components accounts for a large proportion of the variability of the markets that we consider. We characterize the time-evolving relationships between the different assets by investigating the correlations between the asset price time series and principal components. Using this approach, we uncover notable changes that occurred in financial markets and identify the assets that were significantly affected by these changes. We show in particular that there was an increase in the strength of the relationships between several different markets following the 2007-2008 credit and liquidity crisis.

  19. Temporal evolution of financial-market correlations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fenn, Daniel J.; Porter, Mason A.; Williams, Stacy; McDonald, Mark; Johnson, Neil F.; Jones, Nick S.

    2011-08-01

    We investigate financial market correlations using random matrix theory and principal component analysis. We use random matrix theory to demonstrate that correlation matrices of asset price changes contain structure that is incompatible with uncorrelated random price changes. We then identify the principal components of these correlation matrices and demonstrate that a small number of components accounts for a large proportion of the variability of the markets that we consider. We characterize the time-evolving relationships between the different assets by investigating the correlations between the asset price time series and principal components. Using this approach, we uncover notable changes that occurred in financial markets and identify the assets that were significantly affected by these changes. We show in particular that there was an increase in the strength of the relationships between several different markets following the 2007-2008 credit and liquidity crisis.

  20. Estimation of the simple correlation coefficient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shieh, Gwowen

    2010-11-01

    This article investigates some unfamiliar properties of the Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient for the estimation of simple correlation coefficient. Although Pearson's r is biased, except for limited situations, and the minimum variance unbiased estimator has been proposed in the literature, researchers routinely employ the sample correlation coefficient in their practical applications, because of its simplicity and popularity. In order to support such practice, this study examines the mean squared errors of r and several prominent formulas. The results reveal specific situations in which the sample correlation coefficient performs better than the unbiased and nearly unbiased estimators, facilitating recommendation of r as an effect size index for the strength of linear association between two variables. In addition, related issues of estimating the squared simple correlation coefficient are also considered.

  1. Temporal correlations in social multiplex networks

    CERN Document Server

    Starnini, Michele; Pastor-Satorras, Romualdo

    2016-01-01

    Social interactions are composite, involve different communication layers and evolve in time. However, a rigorous analysis of the whole complexity of social networks has been hindered so far by lack of suitable data. Here we consider both the multi-layer and dynamic nature of social relations by analysing a diverse set of empirical temporal multiplex networks. We focus on the measurement and characterization of inter-layer correlations to investigate how activity in one layer affects social acts in another layer. We define observables able to detect when genuine correlations are present in empirical data, and single out spurious correlation induced by the bursty nature of human dynamics. We show that such temporal correlations do exist in social interactions where they act to depress the tendency to concentrate long stretches of activity on the same layer and imply some amount of potential predictability in the connection patterns between layers. Our work sets up a general framework to measure temporal correl...

  2. Measuring and modelling correlations in multiplex networks

    CERN Document Server

    Nicosia, Vincenzo

    2014-01-01

    In many complex systems the interactions among the elementary components can be of qualitatively different nature. Such systems are therefore naturally described and represented in terms of multiplex or multi-layer networks, i.e. networks where each layer stands for a different type of interaction between the same set of nodes. There is today a growing interest in understanding when and why a description in terms of a multiplex network is necessary and more informative than a single-layer projection. Here, we contribute to this debate by presenting a comprehensive study of correlations in multiplex networks. Correlations in node properties, especially degree-degree correlations, have been thoroughly studied in single-layer networks. Here we extend this idea to investigate and characterize correlations between the different layers of a multiplex network. These correlations are intrinsically multiplex, and we first study them empirically by constructing and analyzing various multiplex networks from the real-wor...

  3. Forward-backward correlations between intensive observables

    CERN Document Server

    Kovalenko, Vladimir

    2016-01-01

    We demonstrate that the investigations of the forward-backward correlations between intensive observables enable to obtain more clear signal about the initial stage of hadronic interaction, e.g. about the process of string fusion, compared to usual forward-backward multiplicity correlations. As an example, the correlation between mean-event transverse momenta of charged particles in separated rapidity intervals is considered. We performed calculations in the framework of dipole-based Monte Carlo string fusion model. We obtained the dependence of the correlation strength on the collision centrality for different initial energies and colliding systems. It is shown that the dependence reveals the decline of the correlation coefficient for most central Pb-Pb collisions at LHC energy. We compare the results both with the ones obtained in alternative models and with the ones obtained by us using various MC generators.

  4. Mortality investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Work, Thierry M.; Franson, J. Christian; Friend, Milton; Gibbs, Samantha E.J.; Wild, Margaret A.

    2015-01-01

    Wildlife mortality events usually occur unannounced and may find management agencies unaware. These events can become highly visible and politically charged affairs, depending upon the scale or species involved. The public, media, and (or) politicians may pressure managers, field investigators, and diagnosticians to quickly identify the cause or to comment on potential causes, the significance of the event, what is being done about it, and a resolution. It may be common during such events for speculation to rage, and for conflicting theories to be advanced to explain either the environmental conditions that led to the mortality or the actual cause of death.

  5. Correlation ion mobility spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfeifer, Kent B.; Rohde, Steven B.

    2008-08-26

    Correlation ion mobility spectrometry (CIMS) uses gating modulation and correlation signal processing to improve IMS instrument performance. Closely spaced ion peaks can be resolved by adding discriminating codes to the gate and matched filtering for the received ion current signal, thereby improving sensitivity and resolution of an ion mobility spectrometer. CIMS can be used to improve the signal-to-noise ratio even for transient chemical samples. CIMS is especially advantageous for small geometry IMS drift tubes that can otherwise have poor resolution due to their small size.

  6. TOPS optical correlation program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindell, Scott D.

    1993-09-01

    Martin Marietta is conducting a TOPS optical correlation program in which several algorithms and four optical correlators involving two spatial light modulator technologies will be developed and tested. The program will culminate in 1994 with an automatic target recognition flight demonstration using a UH-1 helicopter flying a Fiber Optic Guide Missile (FOG-M) mission profile. The flight demonstration will be conducted by US Army Missile Command (MICOM) and Martin Marietta and will involve detecting, locating and tracking a M60A2 tank positioned among an array of five vehicle types. Current status of the TOPS program will be given.

  7. Electronic correlations in insulators, metals and superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sentef, Michael Andreas

    2010-12-03

    In this thesis dynamical mean-field methods in combination with a continuous-time quantum Monte Carlo impurity solver are used to study selected open problems of condensed matter theory. These problems comprise the effect of correlations and their quantification in covalent band insulators, non-local correlation effects and their intriguing consequences in frustrated two-dimensional systems, and a phenomenological approach to investigate temperature-dependent transport in graphene in the presence of disorder. (orig.)

  8. A new fashion in angular correlations

    CERN Document Server

    Schlesinger, J

    1974-01-01

    Preliminary results on correlations between pions, in the exclusive reaction K/sup +/p to K/sup +/p2 pi /sup +/2 pi /sup -/ at 8.25 GeV/c are presented. The results obtained by a new method due to Kopylov and Podgeretsky (1973) are compared with space angle and p/sub T/ plane correlations. Similar investigations in pp annihilation are suggested. (10 refs).

  9. Redundant correlation effect on personalized recommendation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiu, Tian; Han, Teng-Yue; Zhong, Li-Xin; Zhang, Zi-Ke; Chen, Guang

    2014-02-01

    The high-order redundant correlation effect is investigated for a hybrid algorithm of heat conduction and mass diffusion (HHM), through both heat conduction biased (HCB) and mass diffusion biased (MDB) correlation redundancy elimination processes. The HCB and MDB algorithms do not introduce any additional tunable parameters, but keep the simple character of the original HHM. Based on two empirical datasets, the Netflix and MovieLens, the HCB and MDB are found to show better recommendation accuracy for both the overall objects and the cold objects than the HHM algorithm. Our work suggests that properly eliminating the high-order redundant correlations can provide a simple and effective approach to accurate recommendation.

  10. Static correlation beyond the random phase approximation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Thomas; Thygesen, Kristian Sommer

    2014-01-01

    We investigate various approximations to the correlation energy of a H2 molecule in the dissociation limit, where the ground state is poorly described by a single Slater determinant. The correlation energies are derived from the density response function and it is shown that response functions...... derived from Hedin's equations (Random Phase Approximation (RPA), Time-dependent Hartree-Fock (TDHF), Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE), and Time-Dependent GW) all reproduce the correct dissociation limit. We also show that the BSE improves the correlation energies obtained within RPA and TDHF significantly...

  11. Analysis of Baryon Angular Correlations with Pythia

    CERN Document Server

    Mccune, Amara

    2017-01-01

    Our current understanding of baryon production is encompassed in the framework of the Lund String Fragmentation Model, which is then encoded in the Monte Carlo event generator program Pythia. In proton-proton collisions, daughter particles of the same baryon number produce an anti-correlation in $\\Delta\\eta\\Delta\\varphi$ space in ALICE data, while Pythia programs predict a correlation. To understand this unusual effect, where it comes from, and where our models of baryon production go wrong, correlation functions were systematically generated with Pythia. Effects of energy scaling, color reconnection, and popcorn parameters were investigated.

  12. 广西农村6岁儿童龋病调查及影响因素分析%An Investigation of Dental Caries and the Correlative Factors Analysis in 6-year-old Children in the Rural Area in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈柏霖; 林伟远; 李何; 曾晓娟

    2014-01-01

    Objective To understand the dental caries disease status of 6-year-old children in rural area in Guangxi,analyze the correlation between dental caries disease status and oral health behavior,to provide the basis for rural dental disease prevention and control work.Methods According to random cluster sampling method to extract 1438 6-year-old children in Guangxi rural area,col ect relevant data in the ways of oral cavity and questionnaire investigation.Results The total rate of dental caries was 93.7%,the DMFT were 8.35.Dental caries disease has the correlation with the number of children's drinking carbonated drinks and the time of brushing teeth;the difference has statistical significance ( <0.05).Conclusion Children's dental caries disease status has correlation with oral health behavior.It can improve the oral health level of rural children through perfecting rural medical service and strengthening preventive oral health propaganda education.%目的了解广西农村地区6岁儿童龋病患病现状,分析龋病患病情况与口腔保健行为的相关性,为开展农村地区牙病防治工作提供依据。方法按随机整群抽样方法抽取广西农村地区1438名6岁儿童,以口腔检查和问卷调查两种方式收集相关数据。结果总患龋率为93.7%,龋均为8.35。龋病发病与儿童进食碳酸饮料次数、每次刷牙所用时间具有相关性,差异有统计学意义(<0.05)。结论儿童龋病的患病情况与儿童的口腔保健行为存在相关性,应通过完善农村的医疗服务保障、加强口腔预防保健宣传教育等方法提高农村儿童的口腔健康水平。

  13. Clustering of correlated networks

    OpenAIRE

    Dorogovtsev, S. N.

    2003-01-01

    We obtain the clustering coefficient, the degree-dependent local clustering, and the mean clustering of networks with arbitrary correlations between the degrees of the nearest-neighbor vertices. The resulting formulas allow one to determine the nature of the clustering of a network.

  14. Nonverbal Correlates of Anxiety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eckman, Bruce K.

    Twenty college age males' hand shrugs, face-play manipulations, and frequency and duration of mutual eye contact were recorded in response to a female counterpart who varied her assertiveness and attractiveness in a two by two factorial design. Mutual eye contact, which increased under attractive conditions, was a useful negative correlate of…

  15. Robust correlation tracker

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    M Sankar Kishore; K Veerabhadra Rao

    2001-06-01

    Correlation tracking plays an important role in the automation of weapon systems. Area correlation is an effective technique for tracking targets that have neither prominent features nor high contrast with the background and the ‘target’ can even be an area or a scene of interest. Even though this technique is robust under varying conditions of target background and light conditions, it has some problems like target drift and false registration. When the tracker or target is moving, the registration point drifts due to the discrete pixel size and aspect angle change. In this research work, an attempt has been made to improve the performance of a correlation tracker for tracking ground targets with very poor contrast. In the present work only the CCD visible images with very poor target to background contrast are considered. Applying novel linear and nonlinear filters, the problems present in the correlation tracker are overcome. Confidence and redundancy measures have been proposed to improve the performance by detecting misregistration. The proposed algorithm is tested on different sequences of images and its performance is satisfactory.

  16. Intensity Correlation Function and Associated Relaxation Time of a Saturation Laser Model with Correlated Noises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Ping; CHEN Shi-Bo; MEI Dong-Cheng

    2006-01-01

    We investigate the intensity correlation function C(s) and its associated relaxation time Tc for a saturation model of single-mode laser with correlated noises.The expressions of C(s) and Tc are derived by means of the projection operator method,and effects of correlations between an additive noise and a multiplicative noise are discussed by numerical calculation.Based on the calculated results,it is found that the correlation strength λ between the additive noise and the multiplicative noise can enhance the fluctuation decay of the laser intensity.

  17. Investigative negotiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malhotra, Deepak; Bazerman, Max H

    2007-09-01

    Negotiators often fail to achieve results because they channel too much effort into selling their own position and too little into understanding the other party's perspective. To get the best deal -or, sometimes, any deal at al--egotiators need to think like detectives, digging for information about why the other side wants what it does. This investigative approach entails a mind-set and a methodology, say Harvard Business School professors Malhotra and Bazerman. Inaccurate assumptions about the other side's motivations can lead negotiators to propose solutions to the wrong problems, needlessly give away value, or derail deals altogether. Consider, for example, the pharmaceutical company that deadlocked with a supplier over the issue of exclusivity in an ingredient purchase. Believing it was a ploy to raise the price, the drugmaker upped its offer--unsuccessfully. In fact, the supplier was balking because a relative's company needed a small amount of the ingredient to make a local product. Once the real motivation surfaced, a compromise quickly followed. Understanding the other side's motives and goals is the first principle of investigative negotiation. The second is to figure out what constraints the other party faces. Often when your counterpart's behavior appears unreasonable, his hands are tied somehow, and you can reach agreement by helping overcome those limitations. The third is to view onerous demands as a window into what the other party prizes most--and use that information to create opportunities. The fourth is to look for common ground; even fierce competitors may have complementary interests that lead to creative agreements. Finally, if a deal appears lost, stay at the table and keep trying to learn more. Even if you don't win, you can gain insights into a customer's future needs, the interests of similar customers, or the strategies of competitors.

  18. The investigation between impurity profile of domestic azithromycin for injection and correlation of its salifiable craft%国产注射用阿奇霉素杂质谱及其与成盐工艺相关性的考察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张斗胜; 王悦雯; 李进; 李娅萍; 刘文; 杨亚莉; 胡昌勤

    2011-01-01

    目的:考察国产不同成盐注射用阿奇霉素所含杂质谱情况,并对其工艺进行相关性评价.方法:以217批注射用阿奇霉素有关物质HPLC检验数据为基础,采用数理统计与化学计量学方法,对其杂质谱及与成盐工艺相关性进行考察,并通过加速实验验证考察结果.结果:所检样品中均检出阿奇霉素B(EP-B)和3′-去克拉定糖阿奇霉素(EP -J)杂质,且在不同厂家、不同成盐工艺产品中变化幅度较大,统计标准偏差(SD)分别达2.5和2.0;其他杂质还检出阿奇霉素-N-氧化物(EP-L)、氮红霉素(EP-A).结论:目前国产注射用阿奇霉素中主要杂质为阿奇霉素-N-氧化物、3′-去克拉定糖阿奇霉素、氮红霉素和阿奇霉素B;氮红霉素和阿奇霉素B为工艺杂质,分别源于合成反应残留和起始原料红霉素中红霉素B残留;阿奇霉素-N-氧化物和3′-去克拉定糖阿奇霉素分别为阿奇霉素氧化和酸降解物,其中酸降解物为主要降解形式;不同厂家注射用阿奇霉素中所含杂质的种类、数目及水平均存在较大差异,且与其成盐工艺密切相关.%Objective: To investigate the impurity profile status of domestic azithromycin for injection by using different salifiable technologies, and evaluate the correlation of its crafts. Methods: Based on 217 batches of impurity testing datas of azithromycin for injection by HPLC, investigate the impurity profile and correlation of its salifiable technologies according to mathematical statistics and chemometrics methods, and validate the investigate results by using acceleration experiment. Results: Azithromycin B( EP - B) and 3' - decladinosyl azithromycin ( EP - J) had been detected in all the samples, and there are large rangeability among the different factories and salifiable technological samples, the SD was 2. 5 and 2.0; other impurities exist in samples included azithromycin - N - oxides (EP - L) and azithromycin A (EP - A) yet

  19. Transformation of stimulus correlations by the retina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simmons, Kristina D; Prentice, Jason S; Tkačik, Gašper; Homann, Jan; Yee, Heather K; Palmer, Stephanie E; Nelson, Philip C; Balasubramanian, Vijay

    2013-01-01

    Redundancies and correlations in the responses of sensory neurons may seem to waste neural resources, but they can also carry cues about structured stimuli and may help the brain to correct for response errors. To investigate the effect of stimulus structure on redundancy in retina, we measured simultaneous responses from populations of retinal ganglion cells presented with natural and artificial stimuli that varied greatly in correlation structure; these stimuli and recordings are publicly available online. Responding to spatio-temporally structured stimuli such as natural movies, pairs of ganglion cells were modestly more correlated than in response to white noise checkerboards, but they were much less correlated than predicted by a non-adapting functional model of retinal response. Meanwhile, responding to stimuli with purely spatial correlations, pairs of ganglion cells showed increased correlations consistent with a static, non-adapting receptive field and nonlinearity. We found that in response to spatio-temporally correlated stimuli, ganglion cells had faster temporal kernels and tended to have stronger surrounds. These properties of individual cells, along with gain changes that opposed changes in effective contrast at the ganglion cell input, largely explained the pattern of pairwise correlations across stimuli where receptive field measurements were possible.

  20. Transformation of stimulus correlations by the retina.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristina D Simmons

    Full Text Available Redundancies and correlations in the responses of sensory neurons may seem to waste neural resources, but they can also carry cues about structured stimuli and may help the brain to correct for response errors. To investigate the effect of stimulus structure on redundancy in retina, we measured simultaneous responses from populations of retinal ganglion cells presented with natural and artificial stimuli that varied greatly in correlation structure; these stimuli and recordings are publicly available online. Responding to spatio-temporally structured stimuli such as natural movies, pairs of ganglion cells were modestly more correlated than in response to white noise checkerboards, but they were much less correlated than predicted by a non-adapting functional model of retinal response. Meanwhile, responding to stimuli with purely spatial correlations, pairs of ganglion cells showed increased correlations consistent with a static, non-adapting receptive field and nonlinearity. We found that in response to spatio-temporally correlated stimuli, ganglion cells had faster temporal kernels and tended to have stronger surrounds. These properties of individual cells, along with gain changes that opposed changes in effective contrast at the ganglion cell input, largely explained the pattern of pairwise correlations across stimuli where receptive field measurements were possible.

  1. Quantum noise frequency correlations of multiply scattered light

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lodahl, Peter

    2006-01-01

    Frequency correlations in multiply scattered light that are present in quantum fluctuations are investigated. The speckle correlations for quantum and classical noise are compared and are found to depend markedly differently on optical frequency, which was confirmed in a recent experiment....... Furthermore, novel mesoscopic correlations are predicted that depend on the photon statistics of the incoming light....

  2. Role of Wigner function in studying quantum correlations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siyouri, F.; El Baz, M.; Hassouni, Y.

    2016-09-01

    In this paper, we investigate the possibility to use the Wigner function to detect and quantify quantum correlations in general. We study these quantum correlations for two quasi-Werner states formed with two general bipartite superposed squeezed states. We find then that the Wigner function is not sensitive to all kinds of quantum correlations but it only witnesses entanglement.

  3. Time-varying correlation and common structures in volatility

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Liu, Yang

    2016-01-01

    This thesis studies time series properties of the covariance structure of multivariate asset returns. First, the time-varying feature of correlation is investigated at the intraday level with a new correlation model incorporating the intraday correlation dynamics. Second, the thesis develops a

  4. From micro-correlations to macro-correlations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eliazar, Iddo

    2016-11-01

    Random vectors with a symmetric correlation structure share a common value of pair-wise correlation between their different components. The symmetric correlation structure appears in a multitude of settings, e.g. mixture models. In a mixture model the components of the random vector are drawn independently from a general probability distribution that is determined by an underlying parameter, and the parameter itself is randomized. In this paper we study the overall correlation of high-dimensional random vectors with a symmetric correlation structure. Considering such a random vector, and terming its pair-wise correlation "micro-correlation", we use an asymptotic analysis to derive the random vector's "macro-correlation" : a score that takes values in the unit interval, and that quantifies the random vector's overall correlation. The method of obtaining macro-correlations from micro-correlations is then applied to a diverse collection of frameworks that demonstrate the method's wide applicability.

  5. Multiplicities and correlations at LEP

    CERN Document Server

    Sarkisyan-Grinbaum, E

    2002-01-01

    A brief review on recent charge multiplicity and correlation measurements at LEP is given. The measurements of unbiased gluon jet multiplicity are discussed. Recent results on charged particle Bose- Einstein and Fermi-Dirac correlations at LEP1. are reported. New results on two-particle correlations of neutral pions are given. Correlations of more than two particles (high-order correlations) obtained using different methods are performed. Recent Bose-Einstein correlation measurements at LEP2 are discussed. (13 refs).

  6. Correlation radio range finder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Sorochan

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In work widely known methods of range measuring are short characterized. The basic attention is given features of signal processing in a correlation method of range measuring. The signal with angular modulation with one-voice-frequency fluctuation is used as a probing signal. The absence of Doppler effect on the formation of the correlation integral, the frequency instability of the transmitter, the phase change on reflection from the target is presented. It is noticed that the result of signal processing in the range measuring instrument is reduced to formation on an exit one-voice-frequency harmonious fluctuation equal to modulating frequency that provides high characteristics of a radio range finder.

  7. 聘用制护士自尊水平、社会支持与焦虑状况相关性研究%Investigation on the correlation of the self-esteem, the social support and the anxiety of the engaging system nurses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡惠芳; 李芸赟; 薛杨勇

    2011-01-01

    Objective To obtain the physical and mental health of the engaging system nurses and the correlation of their self-esteem, the social support and the anxiety. Methods 135 nurses in the engaging system and 124 nurses in the personnel quota, all in a given secondary A-level hospital in Shanghai, were investigated by using the self-esteem scale, the social support rating scale and the anxiety rating scale. Results It is of significant difference in the self-esteem, the anxiety, the total score of the social support, the subjective support and the objective support of the two groups, but of no significant difference in the support availability. The detection rate of anxiety in the engaging system nurses is 40% and is higher than that in the nurses in the personnel quota. It showed positive correlation among the self-esteem, the total score of social support and objective support but no correlation among the self-esteem, the subjective support and support availability in the engaging system nurses, however in the same group, it showed negative correlation between the self-esteem and the anxiety and among the anxiety, the total score of the social support, the objective support, the subjective support and the support availability. Conclusions Good social support can help the engaging system nurses increase self-esteem and reduce anxiety, thus it is a key factor to maintain the physical and mental health.%目的 了解聘用制护士自尊水平、社会支持与焦虑状况的特点及其相关性,为促进聘用制护士身心健康提供依据.方法 采用自尊、社会支持和焦虑量表对上海某综合性二级甲等医院聘用制护士135名进行调查,并与124名正式护士进行比较.结果 聘用制护士的自尊水平及社会支持中社会支持总分、主观支持、客观支持得分均低于正式护士;聘用制护士焦虑的检出率为40%,高于正式护士;聘用制护士的自尊水平与社会支持总分、客观支持呈正相关,自

  8. Investigating the relationship between gender inequality and happiness of OECD countries using classical and robust canonical correlation analysesOECD ülkelerinde cinsiyet eşitsizliği ve mutluluk arasındaki ilişkinin klasik ve dayanıklı kanonik korelasyon analizleri ile incelenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selay Giray

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Gender equality corrresponds to equal rights and opportunities of individuals based on their gender. However, gender inequality refers mostly  lack of women’s  economic and political empowerment. Socially constructed different gender roles can be observed mostly in daily life.  Gender inequality  which can be perceived as an important social dynamic affects the happiness of individuals and hence  happiness of society. In this study, the relationship between the sub indicators of Gender Inequality Index and Happines Index for OECD countries have been investigated using canonical correlation analysis based on both pearson correlation matrix and  MM  covariance estimator. As is known, canonical correlation analysis explores the relationships between two multivariate sets of variables. Findings indicate that there is a strong correlation between Gender Inequality Index and Happines Index.   Özet Toplumsal cinsiyet eşitliği kadınların ve erkeklerin, kız ve erkek çocuklarının eşit hak, sorumluluk ve fırsatlardan yararlanma hakkına sahip oldukları anlamına gelmektedir. Daha çok kadına yönelik cinsiyet eşitsizliği olarak yansıyan cinsiyet eşitsizliği ise kaynaklara ve fırsatlara ulaşmada eşitsizlik, iş hayatı ve siyasette kadının sınırlı olarak yer alması şeklinde tanımlanabilir. Cinsiyet eşitsizliğinin gündelik yaşamdaki yansıması en iyi çiftler arasındaki ilişkilerde ve toplumsal kültürel yapıda gözlenebilmektedir. Toplumsal dinamik olarak önemli bir faktör olan cinsiyet eşitsizliği doğrudan bireylerin mutluluğu ve dolayısıyla toplumun mutluluğu üzerinde oldukça etkilidir. Bu çalışmada OECD ülkelerine ait Cinsiyet eşitsizliği indeksi bileşenleri  ve mutluluk indeksi bileşenleri arasındaki ilişki Pearson korelasyon matrisi ve dayanıklı (robust MM kovaryans tahmincisine dayalı kanonik korelasyon analizleri ile incelenmiştir. Bilindiği gibi kanonik korelasyon analizi, de

  9. Fixed-flexion knee radiography using a new positioning device produced highly repeatable measurements of joint space width: ELSA-Brasil Musculoskeletal Study (ELSA-Brasil MSK).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Telles, Rosa Weiss; Costa-Silva, Luciana; Machado, Luciana A C; Reis, Rodrigo Citton Padilha Dos; Barreto, Sandhi Maria

    To describe the performance of a non-fluoroscopic fixed-flexion PA radiographic protocol with a new positioning device, developed for the assessment of knee osteoarthritis (OA) in Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health Musculoskeletal Study (ELSA-Brasil MSK). A test-retest design including 19 adults (38 knee images) was conducted. Feasibility of the radiographic protocol was assessed by image quality parameters and presence of radioanatomic alignment according to intermargin distance (IMD) values. Repeatability was assessed for IMD and joint space width (JSW) measured at three different locations. Approximately 90% of knee images presented excellent quality. Frequencies of nearly perfect radioanatomic alignment (IMD ≤1mm) ranged from 29% to 50%, and satisfactory alignment was found in up to 71% and 76% of the images (IMD ≤1.5mm and ≤1.7mm, respectively). Repeatability analyses yielded the following results: IMD [SD of mean difference=1.08; coefficient of variation (%CV)=54.68%; intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) (95%CI)=0.59 (0.34-0.77)]; JSW [SD of mean difference=0.34-0.61; %CV=4.48%-9.80%; ICC (95%CI)=0.74 (0.55-0.85)-0.94 (0.87-0.97)]. Adequately reproducible measurements of IMD and JSW were found in 68% and 87% of the images, respectively. Despite the difficulty in achieving consistent radioanatomic alignment between subsequent radiographs in terms of IMD, the protocol produced highly repeatable JSW measurements when these were taken at midpoint and 10mm from the medial extremity of the medial tibial plateau. Therefore, measurements of JSW at these locations can be considered adequate for the assessment of knee OA in ELSA-Brasil MSK. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda.

  10. Multifractal Detrended Cross-Correlation Analysis of agricultural futures markets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    He Lingyun, E-mail: lyhe@amss.ac.cn [Center for Futures and Financial Derivatives, College of Economics and Management, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083 (China); Chen Shupeng [Center for Futures and Financial Derivatives, College of Economics and Management, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083 (China)

    2011-06-15

    Highlights: > We investigated cross-correlations between China's and US agricultural futures markets. > Power-law cross-correlations are found between the geographically far but correlated markets. > Multifractal features are significant in all the markets. > Cross-correlation exponent is less than averaged GHE when q < 0 and greater than the latter when q > 0. - Abstract: We investigated geographically far but temporally correlated China's and US agricultural futures markets. We found that there exists a power-law cross-correlation between them, and that multifractal features are significant in all the markets. It is very interesting that the geographically far markets show strong cross-correlations and share much of their multifractal structure. Furthermore, we found that for all the agricultural futures markets in our studies, the cross-correlation exponent is less than the averaged generalized Hurst exponents (GHE) when q < 0 and greater than the averaged GHE when q > 0.

  11. Clinicohistopathological correlation of leprosy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Shrestha

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Leprosy is a chronic infectious granulomatous disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. It is a spectral disease which is classified into five groups according to Ridley and Jopling based on clinical, histological, microbiological and immunological criteria. Adequate clinical information combined with bacilloscopy and histopathology is helpful not only in classification of different types of leprosy but also useful for management of the cases.METHOD: 50 cases of leprosy were examined and clinical data was recorded. Slit skin smears were stained with Ziehl Neelsen stain. Skin biopsy was stained with Hematoxylin-Eosin stain and Fite Farraco stain was performed to demonstrate acid fast bacilli. All patients were classified according to Ridley & Jopling classification. Clinico-histopathological correlation was done. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences 16.0.RESULTS: Most common histological type of leprosy was tuberculoid leprosy seen in 19(38% cases followed by indeterminate leprosy. Overall clinico-histopathological correlation was seen in 39.58%. The correlation was highest in indeterminate and histoid leprosy (100% followed by lepromatous leprosy (66.66 %% and tuberculoid leprosy (50%. Slit skin smear showed bacilli in 12 out of 48 cases (25% while biopsy showed bacilli in 16 out of 48 cases (33.3%.CONCLUSION: In the present study, clinical diagnosis did not correlate with histopathological diagnosis significantly (p value=0.04159. The study emphasizes the role of histopathological and bacilloscopic examination to aid the clinical diagnosis for accurate typing of leprosy cases then better management of the patient.

  12. Strongly Correlated Topological Insulators

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-03

    Research Triangle Park , NC 27709-2211 Condensed Matter, Topological Phases of Matter REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE 11. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S REPORT NUMBER(S...Strongly Correlated Topological Insulators In the past year, the grant was used for work in the field of topological phases, with emphasis on finding...surface of topological insulators. In the past 3 years, we have started a new direction, that of fractional topological insulators. These are materials

  13. Wind and Yaw correlation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kock, Carsten Weber; Vesth, Allan

    The report describes measurements carried out on a given wind turbine. A comparison between wind speed on the metmast and Nacelle Windspeed are made and the results are presented on graphs and in a table. The data used for the comparison are identical with the data used for the Risø-I-3246(EN......) power curve report. The measurements are carried out in accordance to Ref. [1] and the wind and yaw correlation is analyzed in accordance to Ref. [2]....

  14. Wind and Yaw correlation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kock, Carsten Weber; Vesth, Allan

    The report describes measurements carried out on a given wind turbine. A comparison between wind speed on the metmast and Nacelle Windspeed are made and the results are presented on graphs and in a table. The data used for the comparison are identical with the data used for the Risø-I-3246(EN) po......) power curve report. The measurements are carried out in accordance to Ref. [1] and the wind and yaw correlation is analyzed in accordance to Ref. [2]....

  15. Investigation of hyperfine interactions in DNA and antibody of different lineages of mice infected by T. cruzi by perturbed gamma-gamma angular correlation spectroscopy; Investigacao de interacoes hiperfinas em DNA e anticorpos de diferentes linhagens de camundongos frente a infeccao por T. cruzi pela epectroscopia de correlacao angular gama-gama perturbada

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Andreia dos Santos

    2012-07-01

    In the present work perturbed angular correlation (PAC) spectroscopy was used to measured electric quadrupole interactions in DNA biomolecules of different mice lineages (A/J, C57BL/6, B6AF1, BXA1 e BXA2), samples of different isotypes of immunoglobulin G (IgG1, IgG2a e IgG2b) and active portions of complete and fragmented immunoglobulin responsible by the immune response. Electric quadrupole interactions were also measured in DNA nitrogenous bases (adenine, cytosine, guanine, thymine). PAC measurements were performed using {sup 111}In {yields} {sup 111C}d; {sup 111mC}d {yields} {sup 111}Cd; {sup 111}Ag {yields} {sup 111}Cd; e {sup 181}Hf {yields} {sup 181}Ta as probe nuclei, and carried out at room temperature and liquid nitrogen temperature, in order to investigate dynamic and static hyperfine interactions, respectively. The biomolecule samples were directly marked with the radioactive parent nuclei, whose atom link to a certain site in the biomolecules. The biological materials as well as the probe nuclei were chosen to investigate the possibility to use PAC spectroscopy to measure hyperfine parameters at nuclei from metallic elements bound to biomolecules (including the use of different probe nuclei produced in the decay of parent nuclei of four different metals) and also to study the behavior of different biomolecules by means of the measured hyperfine parameters. Results show differences in the hyperfine interactions of probe nuclei bound to the studied biomolecules. Such differences were observed by variations in the hyperfine parameters, which depend on the type of biomolecule and the results also show that the probe nuclei atom bound to the molecule in some cases and in others do not. (author)

  16. Investigations on high temperature MgB{sub 2} superconductor wires and tapes with new sheath materials and the correlation of their microstructures and properties; Untersuchungen an MgB{sub 2}-Hochtemperatursupraleiter-Draehten und -Baendern mit neuem Huellwerkstoff und deren Gefuege-Eigenschafts-Korrelation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schubert, Margitta; Haessler, Wolfgang; Herrmann, Marco; Kario, Anna Urszula; Scheiter, Juliane; Prescher, Heiko; Holzapfel, Bernhardt [Institut fuer Metallische Werkstoffe (IFW), Dresden (Germany). Abt. Supraleitende Materialien; Rodig, Christian [Institut fuer Metallische Werkstoffe (IFW), Dresden (Germany). Abt. Metallphysik; Schultz, Ludwig [Institut fuer Metallische Werkstoffe (IFW), Dresden (Germany)

    2012-07-01

    Long superconducting MgB{sub 2} wires and tapes were produced by the 'powder in a tube' method (PIT) using a mechanically alloyed nano-powder consisting of Mg, B and MgB{sub 2} as the precursor material. Both single-core (SC) and multi-core (MC) conductors were made by swaging and wire drawing the powder contained within a new type of sheath material (ODS-Cu) which, amongst others, also has the advantage of thermally stabilising the conductor. Metallographic investigations on specimens of the conductors in the as-drawn condition and after heat treatment were carried out both to monitor the manufacturing process as well as to gain information regarding important parameters such as the changes in hardness and ductility of the sheath and filament occurring during the forming process and the effect which they have on the final properties of the conductors. The metallographic and scanning electron microscopic (SEM) investigations of the microstructures were carried out on longitudinal (LS) and cross (XS) sections of the conductors which made it possible to understand the correlation between the microstructures and properties of the conductors and to draw important conclusions in order to be able to achieve the optimum design and best electrical properties for the finished conductors. By heat treating the cold formed conductor in the temperature range 500 - 650 C, very good superconducting properties were able to be produced with critical temperatures (Tc) of 36 K and critical current densities (jc) of 10{sup 4} A/cm{sup 2} in fields of 11 T (parallel to the tape surface), measured at 4.2 K. Using this new sheath material, a conductor of over 100 m in length was able to be manufactured. (orig.)

  17. RELAP-7 Closure Correlations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zou, Ling [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Berry, R. A. [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Martineau, R. C. [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Andrs, D. [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Zhang, H. [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Hansel, J. E. [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Sharpe, J. P. [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Johns, Russell C. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2017-04-01

    The RELAP-7 code is the next generation nuclear reactor system safety analysis code being developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). The code is based on the INL’s modern scientific software development framework, MOOSE (Multi-Physics Object Oriented Simulation Environment). The overall design goal of RELAP-7 is to take advantage of the previous thirty years of advancements in computer architecture, software design, numerical integration methods, and physical models. The end result will be a reactor systems analysis capability that retains and improves upon RELAP5’s and TRACE’s capabilities and extends their analysis capabilities for all reactor system simulation scenarios. The RELAP-7 code utilizes the well-posed 7-equation two-phase flow model for compressible two-phase flow. Closure models used in the TRACE code has been reviewed and selected to reflect the progress made during the past decades and provide a basis for the colure correlations implemented in the RELAP-7 code. This document provides a summary on the closure correlations that are currently implemented in the RELAP-7 code. The closure correlations include sub-grid models that describe interactions between the fluids and the flow channel, and interactions between the two phases.

  18. Recurrent correlation associative memories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiueh, T D; Goodman, R M

    1991-01-01

    A model for a class of high-capacity associative memories is presented. Since they are based on two-layer recurrent neural networks and their operations depend on the correlation measure, these associative memories are called recurrent correlation associative memories (RCAMs). The RCAMs are shown to be asymptotically stable in both synchronous and asynchronous (sequential) update modes as long as their weighting functions are continuous and monotone nondecreasing. In particular, a high-capacity RCAM named the exponential correlation associative memory (ECAM) is proposed. The asymptotic storage capacity of the ECAM scales exponentially with the length of memory patterns, and it meets the ultimate upper bound for the capacity of associative memories. The asymptotic storage capacity of the ECAM with limited dynamic range in its exponentiation nodes is found to be proportional to that dynamic range. Design and fabrication of a 3-mm CMOS ECAM chip is reported. The prototype chip can store 32 24-bit memory patterns, and its speed is higher than one associative recall operation every 3 mus. An application of the ECAM chip to vector quantization is also described.

  19. Correlation of the leptin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Finucane, F; Luan, J; Wareham, N

    2009-01-01

    (M/I) from hyperinsulinaemic-euglycaemic clamp studies in 1,226 EGIR RISC participants. RESULTS: The LAR was highly correlated with HOMA-S in men (r = -0.58, p = 4.5 x 10(-33) and r = -0.65, p = 1.1 x 10(-66) within the Ely and EGIR RISC study cohorts, respectively) and in women (r = -0.51, p = 2.8 x...... from the Ely and European Group for the Study of Insulin Resistance (EGIR) Relationship between Insulin Sensitivity and Cardiovascular Risk (RISC) study cohorts. LAR was compared with fasting insulin and HOMA-derived insulin sensitivity (HOMA-S) in all individuals and with the insulin sensitivity index...... 10(-36) and r = -0.61, p = 2.5 x 10(-73)). The LAR was also strongly correlated with the clamp M/I value (r = -0.52, p = 4.5 x 10(-38) and r = -0.47, p = 6.6 x 10(-40) in men and women, respectively), similar to correlations between HOMA-S and the M/I value. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: The leptin...

  20. Variable angle correlation spectroscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Y K [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

    1994-05-01

    In this dissertation, a novel nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technique, variable angle correlation spectroscopy (VACSY) is described and demonstrated with {sup 13}C nuclei in rapidly rotating samples. These experiments focus on one of the basic problems in solid state NMR: how to extract the wealth of information contained in the anisotropic component of the NMR signal while still maintaining spectral resolution. Analysis of the anisotropic spectral patterns from poly-crystalline systems reveal information concerning molecular structure and dynamics, yet in all but the simplest of systems, the overlap of spectral patterns from chemically distinct sites renders the spectral analysis difficult if not impossible. One solution to this problem is to perform multi-dimensional experiments where the high-resolution, isotropic spectrum in one dimension is correlated with the anisotropic spectral patterns in the other dimensions. The VACSY technique incorporates the angle between the spinner axis and the static magnetic field as an experimental parameter that may be incremented during the course of the experiment to help correlate the isotropic and anisotropic components of the spectrum. The two-dimensional version of the VACSY experiments is used to extract the chemical shift anisotropy tensor values from multi-site organic molecules, study molecular dynamics in the intermediate time regime, and to examine the ordering properties of partially oriented samples. The VACSY technique is then extended to three-dimensional experiments to study slow molecular reorientations in a multi-site polymer system.

  1. Cots Correlator Platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaaf, Kjeld; Overeem, Ruud

    2004-06-01

    Moore’s law is best exploited by using consumer market hardware. In particular, the gaming industry pushes the limit of processor performance thus reducing the cost per raw flop even faster than Moore’s law predicts. Next to the cost benefits of Common-Of-The-Shelf (COTS) processing resources, there is a rapidly growing experience pool in cluster based processing. The typical Beowulf cluster of PC’s supercomputers are well known. Multiple examples exists of specialised cluster computers based on more advanced server nodes or even gaming stations. All these cluster machines build upon the same knowledge about cluster software management, scheduling, middleware libraries and mathematical libraries. In this study, we have integrated COTS processing resources and cluster nodes into a very high performance processing platform suitable for streaming data applications, in particular to implement a correlator. The required processing power for the correlator in modern radio telescopes is in the range of the larger supercomputers, which motivates the usage of supercomputer technology. Raw processing power is provided by graphical processors and is combined with an Infiniband host bus adapter with integrated data stream handling logic. With this processing platform a scalable correlator can be built with continuously growing processing power at consumer market prices.

  2. Self-calibrated correlation imaging with k-space variant correlation functions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yu; Edalati, Masoud; Du, Xingfu; Wang, Hui; Cao, Jie J

    2017-07-07

    Correlation imaging is a previously developed high-speed MRI framework that converts parallel imaging reconstruction into the estimate of correlation functions. The presented work aims to demonstrate this framework can provide a speed gain over parallel imaging by estimating k-space variant correlation functions. Because of Fourier encoding with gradients, outer k-space data contain higher spatial-frequency image components arising primarily from tissue boundaries. As a result of tissue-boundary sparsity in the human anatomy, neighboring k-space data correlation varies from the central to the outer k-space. By estimating k-space variant correlation functions with an iterative self-calibration method, correlation imaging can benefit from neighboring k-space data correlation associated with both coil sensitivity encoding and tissue-boundary sparsity, thereby providing a speed gain over parallel imaging that relies only on coil sensitivity encoding. This new approach is investigated in brain imaging and free-breathing neonatal cardiac imaging. Correlation imaging performs better than existing parallel imaging techniques in simulated brain imaging acceleration experiments. The higher speed enables real-time data acquisition for neonatal cardiac imaging in which physiological motion is fast and non-periodic. With k-space variant correlation functions, correlation imaging gives a higher speed than parallel imaging and offers the potential to image physiological motion in real-time. Magn Reson Med, 2017. © 2017 International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. © 2017 International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.

  3. Dominance of quantum over classical correlations: entropic and geometric approach

    OpenAIRE

    Walczak, Zbigniew; Wintrowicz, Iwona; Zakrzewska, Katarzyna

    2013-01-01

    Recently, it has been shown that there exist quantum states for which quantum correlations dominate over classical correlations. Inspired by this observation, we investigate the problem of quantum correlations dominance for two-qubit Bell diagonal states in the Ollivier--Zurek paradigm, using both entropic and geometric approach to quantification of classical and quantum correlations. In particular, we estimate numerically the amount of two-qubit Bell diagonal states for which quantum correla...

  4. Dynamics of quantum correlation and coherence in de Sitter universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Zhiming

    2017-09-01

    In this article, we investigate the dynamics of quantum correlation and coherence for two atoms interacting with massless scalar field in the background de Sitter spacetime. We firstly analyze the solving process of master equation that describes the system evolution with initial Werner state. Then, we discuss the degradation, generation, revival and enhancement of quantum correlation and coherence for three cases of different initial states: zero correlation state, nonzero correlation separable state and maximally entangled state.

  5. Correlation investigation between levels of MMP-2,MMP-3,MMP-10,TIMP-1 and type 1 diabetes with albuminuria%MMP -2、MMP -3、MMP -10及 TIMP -1与1型糖尿病蛋白尿的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱于坚

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the correlation between levels of MMP - 2,MMP - 3,MMP - 10,TIMP - 1 and type 1 diabetes with albuminuria. Methods Fourty patients of type 1 diabetes with microalbuminuria or macroalbuminuria were selected in this study(observa-tion group). Meanwhile 40 healthy people for healthy check in the same period were selected as control group. General information and biochemi-cal indices(HbA1c,LDL,TC,MMP - 2,MMP - 3,MMP - 10,TIMP - 1,sVCAM - 1,E - selectin,CRP,IL - 6,TNF - α levels)in two group were compared. Simultaneously,MMP - 2,MMP - 3,MMP - 10,TIMP - 1,sVCAM - 1,E - selectin,CRP,IL - 6,TNF - α levels in patients with microalbuminuria and macroalbuminuria were compared. Respectively analysis MMPs and TIMP - 1 and sVCAM - 1 correlation of E- selectin,CRP,IL - 6,TNF - α. Results ①The levels of HbA1c,LDL,TC,MMP - 2,MMP - 3,MMP - 10,TIMP - 1,sVCAM - 1,E- selectin,CRP,IL - 6,TNF - αlevels in observation group were higher than those in control group,showing statistically significant difference( P 0. 05). ③MMP - 10,TIMP - 1 showed a significant positive correlation with sVCAM - 1and E - selectin( P < 0. 05). And MMP - 2 and MMP - 3 was negatively correlated with E - se-lectin and positively correlated with sVCAM - 1. MMP - 3,MMP - 10,TIMP - 1 displayed significantly positive correlation with CRP,TNF - α, IL - 6( P < 0. 05),but MMP - 2 only showed a significant positive correlation with IL - 6,and no significant correlation with CRP and TNF -α. Conclusion MMP - 2,MMP - 3,MMP - 10 and TIMP - 1 were related with albuminuria in type 1 diabetes - related. With the increased levels of albumin excretion,MMP - 2,MMP - 3,MMP - 10 and TIMP - 1 levels were accordingly increased,suggesting their correlation with the severity of albuminuria in type 1 diabetes.%目的探讨基质金属蛋白酶(MMP)-2、MMP -3、MMP -10及基质金属蛋白酶组织抑制因子(TIMP)-1与1型糖尿病蛋白尿的相关性。方法选择40例1型糖尿病伴微量

  6. Wavelet Correlation Coefficient of 'strongly correlated' financial time series

    OpenAIRE

    Ashok Razdan

    2003-01-01

    In this paper we use wavelet concepts to show that correlation coefficient between two financial data's is not constant but varies with scale from high correlation value to strongly anti-correlation value This studies is important because correlation coefficient is used to quantify degree of independence between two variables. In econophysics correlation coefficient forms important input to evolve hierarchial tree and minimum spanning tree of financial data.

  7. An Accurate Link Correlation Estimator for Improving Wireless Protocol Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhiwei Zhao

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Wireless link correlation has shown significant impact on the performance of various sensor network protocols. Many works have been devoted to exploiting link correlation for protocol improvements. However, the effectiveness of these designs heavily relies on the accuracy of link correlation measurement. In this paper, we investigate state-of-the-art link correlation measurement and analyze the limitations of existing works. We then propose a novel lightweight and accurate link correlation estimation (LACE approach based on the reasoning of link correlation formation. LACE combines both long-term and short-term link behaviors for link correlation estimation. We implement LACE as a stand-alone interface in TinyOS and incorporate it into both routing and flooding protocols. Simulation and testbed results show that LACE: (1 achieves more accurate and lightweight link correlation measurements than the state-of-the-art work; and (2 greatly improves the performance of protocols exploiting link correlation.

  8. Asymmetric matrices in an analysis of financial correlations

    CERN Document Server

    Kwapien, J; Górski, A Z; Oswiecimka, P

    2006-01-01

    Financial markets are highly correlated systems that reveal both the inter-market dependencies and the correlations among their different components. Standard analyzing techniques include correlation coefficients for pairs of signals and correlation matrices for rich multivariate data. In the latter case one constructs a real symmetric matrix with real non-negative eigenvalues describing the correlation structure of the data. However, if one performs a correlation-function-like analysis of multivariate data, when a stress is put on investigation of delayed dependencies among different types of signals, one can calculate an asymmetric correlation matrix with complex eigenspectrum. From the Random Matrix Theory point of view this kind of matrices is closely related to Ginibre Orthogonal Ensemble (GinOE). We present an example of practical application of such matrices in correlation analyses of empirical data. By introducing the time lag, we are able to identify temporal structure of the inter-market correlation...

  9. An Accurate Link Correlation Estimator for Improving Wireless Protocol Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Zhiwei; Xu, Xianghua; Dong, Wei; Bu, Jiajun

    2015-01-01

    Wireless link correlation has shown significant impact on the performance of various sensor network protocols. Many works have been devoted to exploiting link correlation for protocol improvements. However, the effectiveness of these designs heavily relies on the accuracy of link correlation measurement. In this paper, we investigate state-of-the-art link correlation measurement and analyze the limitations of existing works. We then propose a novel lightweight and accurate link correlation estimation (LACE) approach based on the reasoning of link correlation formation. LACE combines both long-term and short-term link behaviors for link correlation estimation. We implement LACE as a stand-alone interface in TinyOS and incorporate it into both routing and flooding protocols. Simulation and testbed results show that LACE: (1) achieves more accurate and lightweight link correlation measurements than the state-of-the-art work; and (2) greatly improves the performance of protocols exploiting link correlation. PMID:25686314

  10. Correlated Noise Effects on Gene Expression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王先菊; 艾保全; 刘国涛; 刘良钢

    2003-01-01

    Based on the model describing the regulation of the PRM operator region of λ phage proposed by Hasty et al.[Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 97(2000)2075], we study the steady-state probability distribution properties of the model in the presence of correlated Gaussian white noise. We find that the degree of correlation of the noises can affect the form of the steady-state probability distribution. When the degree of correlation of the noises increases, the form of the steady-state probability distribution changes from a bimodal into a unimodal structure.The steady-state probability distribution extrema have also been investigated. We find that noise correlation can change the positions of the extreme value of the steady-state probability distribution of the model greatly.

  11. Effective capacity of correlated MISO channels

    KAUST Repository

    Zhong, Caijun

    2011-06-01

    This paper presents an analytical performance investigation of the capacity limits of correlated multiple-input single-output (MISO) channels in the presence of quality-of-service (QoS) requirements. Exact closed-form expression for the effective capacity of correlated MISO channels is derived. In addition, simple expressions are obtained at the asymptotic high and low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) regimes, which provide insights into the impact of various system parameters on the effective capacity of the system. Also, a complete characterization of the impact of spatial correlation on the effective capacity is provided with the aid of a majorization theory result. The findings suggest that antenna correlation reduce the effective capacity of the channels. Moreover, a stringent QoS requirement causes a significant reduction in the effective capacity but this can be effectively alleviated by increasing the number of antennas. © 2011 IEEE.

  12. Monogamy of Correlations vs. Monogamy of Entanglement

    CERN Document Server

    Seevinck, Michael

    2009-01-01

    A fruitful way of studying physical theories is via the question whether the possible physical states and different kinds of correlations in each theory can be shared to different parties. Over the past few years it has become clear that both quantum entanglement and non-locality (i.e., correlations that violate Bell-type inequalities) have limited shareability properties and can sometimes even be monogamous. We give a self-contained review of these results as well as present new results on the shareability of different kinds of correlations, including local, quantum and no-signalling correlations. This includes an alternative simpler proof of the Toner-Verstraete monogamy inequality for quantum correlations, as well as a strengthening thereof. Further, the relationship between sharing non-local quantum correlations and sharing mixed entangled states is investigated, and already for the simplest case of bi-partite correlations and qubits this is shown to be non-trivial. Also, a recently proposed new interpret...

  13. Correlating thalamocortical connectivity and activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Fontoura Costa, Luciano; Sporns, Olaf

    2006-07-01

    The segregated regions of the mammalian cerebral cortex and thalamus form an extensive and complex network, whose structure and function are still only incompletely understood. The present letter describes an application of the concepts of complex networks and random walks that allows the identification of nonrandom, highly structured features of thalamocortical connections and their potential effects on dynamic interactions between cortical areas in the cat brain. Utilizing large-scale anatomical data sets of this thalamocortical system, we investigate uniform random walks in such a network by considering the steady state eigenvector of the respective stochastic matrix. It is shown that thalamocortical connections are organized in such a way as to guarantee strong correlation between the outdegree and occupancy rate (a stochastic measure potentially related to activation) of each cortical area. Possible organizational principles underlying this effect are identified and discussed.

  14. Correlative microscopy of detergent granules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Dalen, G; Nootenboom, P; Heussen, P C M

    2011-03-01

    The microstructure of detergent products for textile cleaning determines to a large extent the physical properties of these products. Correlative microscopy was used to reveal the microstructure by reconciling images obtained by scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray analysis, X-ray microtomography and Fourier transform infrared microscopy. These techniques were applied on the same location of a subsample of a spray-dried detergent base powder embedded in polyacrylate. In this way, the three-dimensional internal and external structure of detergent granules could be investigated from milli to nano scale with detailed spatial information about the components present. This will generate knowledge how to design optimal microstructures for laundry products to obtain product properties demanded by the market. This method is also very useful for other powder systems used in a large variety of industries (e.g. for pharmaceutical, food, ceramic and metal industries).

  15. Multiparticle azimuthal correlations

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    N Borghini; P M Dinh; J-Y Ollitrault

    2003-04-01

    First observations of elliptic flow in Au–Au collisions at RHIC have been interpreted as evidence that the colliding system reaches thermal equilibrium. We discuss some of the arguments leading to this conclusion and show that a more accurate analysis is needed, which the standard flow analysis may not provide. We then present a new method of flow analysis, based on a systematic study of multiparticle azimuthal correlations. This method allows one to test quantitatively the collective behaviour of the interacting system. It has recently been applied by the STAR Collaboration at RHIC.

  16. Superconductivity from correlated hopping

    CERN Document Server

    Batista, C D; Aligia, A A

    1995-01-01

    We consider a chain described by a next-nearest-neighbor hopping combined with a nearest-neighbor spin flip. In two dimensions this three-body term arises from a mapping of the three-band Hubbard model for CuO$_2$ planes to a generalized $t-J$ model and for large O-O hopping favors resonance-valence-bond superconductivity of predominantly $d$-wave symmetry. Solving the ground state and low-energy excitations by analytical and numerical methods we find that the chain is a Luther-Emery liquid with correlation exponent $K_{\\rho} = (2-n)^2/2$, where $n$ is the particle density.

  17. Jet-quenching and correlations

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Fuqiang Wang

    2015-05-01

    This article reviews recent advances in our understanding of the experimental aspects of jet-quenching and correlations in relativistic heavy-ion collisions at RHIC and LHC. Emphasis is put on correlation measurements, namely jet-like correlations with anisotropic flow subtraction in heavy-ion collisions and long-range pseudorapidity correlations in small systems. Future path on correlation studies is envisioned which may elucidate jet–medium interactions and the properties of the hot dense medium in QCD.

  18. Regional gray matter correlates of vocational interests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schroeder David H

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Previous studies have identified brain areas related to cognitive abilities and personality, respectively. In this exploratory study, we extend the application of modern neuroimaging techniques to another area of individual differences, vocational interests, and relate the results to an earlier study of cognitive abilities salient for vocations. Findings First, we examined the psychometric relationships between vocational interests and abilities in a large sample. The primary relationships between those domains were between Investigative (scientific interests and general intelligence and between Realistic (“blue-collar” interests and spatial ability. Then, using MRI and voxel-based morphometry, we investigated the relationships between regional gray matter volume and vocational interests. Specific clusters of gray matter were found to be correlated with Investigative and Realistic interests. Overlap analyses indicated some common brain areas between the correlates of Investigative interests and general intelligence and between the correlates of Realistic interests and spatial ability. Conclusions Two of six vocational-interest scales show substantial relationships with regional gray matter volume. The overlap between the brain correlates of these scales and cognitive-ability factors suggest there are relationships between individual differences in brain structure and vocations.

  19. Correlates of Attraction Among Preschool Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, Michael B.

    The generalizability of several variables which have been related to attraction among adults to preschool children was investigated. It was found that perceived physical attractiveness, perceived proximity, and familiarity are all significantly positively correlated with how popular a child is in his nursery school class. (Author)

  20. Correlates of exercise compliance in physical therapy.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sluijs, E.M.; Kok, G.J.; Zee, J. van der

    1993-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This correlational study describes factors that are related to patient compliance with exercise regimens during physical therapy. We investigated whether patient compliance was related to characteristics of the patient or the patient's illness, to the patient's attitude, or t

  1. Hexagonalization of Correlation Functions

    CERN Document Server

    Fleury, Thiago

    2016-01-01

    We propose a nonperturbative framework to study general correlation functions of single-trace operators in $\\mathcal{N}=4$ supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory at large $N$. The basic strategy is to decompose them into fundamental building blocks called the hexagon form factors, which were introduced earlier to study structure constants using integrability. The decomposition is akin to a triangulation of a Riemann surface, and we thus call it hexagonalization. We propose a set of rules to glue the hexagons together based on symmetry, which naturally incorporate the dependence on the conformal and the R-symmetry cross ratios. Our method is conceptually different from the conventional operator product expansion and automatically takes into account multi-trace operators exchanged in OPE channels. To illustrate the idea in simple set-ups, we compute four-point functions of BPS operators of arbitrary lengths and correlation functions of one Konishi operator and three short BPS operators, all at one loop. In all cases,...

  2. Energy calibration via correlation

    CERN Document Server

    Maier, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    The main task of an energy calibration is to find a relation between pulse-height values and the corresponding energies. Doing this for each pulse-height channel individually requires an elaborated input spectrum with an excellent counting statistics and a sophisticated data analysis. This work presents an easy to handle energy calibration process which can operate reliably on calibration measurements with low counting statistics. The method uses a parameter based model for the energy calibration and concludes on the optimal parameters of the model by finding the best correlation between the measured pulse-height spectrum and multiple synthetic pulse-height spectra which are constructed with different sets of calibration parameters. A CdTe-based semiconductor detector and the line emissions of an 241 Am source were used to test the performance of the correlation method in terms of systematic calibration errors for different counting statistics. Up to energies of 60 keV systematic errors were measured to be le...

  3. 老年居民中医体质调查及常见偏颇体质的相关因素研究%Investigation of Chinese Medicine Constitution of the Elderly Residents and the Correlative Factor Research of the Biased Constitution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张华; 王少松

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the characters of Chinese medicine constitution for the elderly and explore the factors of the common biased constitutions. Methods The scale of Chinese medicine constitution investigation was adopted. The living data of 1017 elderly residents in the community of the West Chang'an Street was collected and had the assessment for the constitution. The Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the correlative factors of the common biased constitutions. Results The normal/neutral constitution( 229 cases )accounted for 22. 52% and 8 biased constitutions( 788 cases )for 77. 48% . Of those with biased constitutions,the phlegm -damp constitution,yang deficiency constitution and qi deficiency con-stitution( 607 cases in total )were the most common, accounting for 59. 69% . Logistic regression indicated the phlegm - damp constitution was correlative with the physical healthy state,body mass index and diet flavors; the yang deficiency constitution was to the physical healthy state,body mass index and sleep habit;the qi deficiency constitution was to the physical healthy state, living conditions and diet flavors. Conclusion Most of elderly residents have biased constitutions,of which,the phlegm damp constitution,yang deficiency constitution and qi deficiency constitution are common. The physical healthy state is the chief factor of the formation of biased constitution. Additionally, the living conditions, diet flavors, body mass index and sleep habits are considered.%目的 调查老年人群中医体质特点,探索常见偏颇体质的影响因素.方法 采用中医体质调查量表,收集1017位西长安街社区老年居民生活资料并进行体质评分、判定,采用Logistic回归分析常见偏颇体质的相关因素.结果 平和质(229例)占22.52%,8种偏颇体质(788例)占77.48%,其中痰湿质、阳虚质、气虚质(合607例)最为多见,占59.69%.Logisitic回归显示痰湿质与身体健康状况、体质指数、饮食

  4. 乌鲁木齐市维汉两族儿童婴幼儿龋患病情况调查及相关因素分析%An Epidemiological Investigation of Early Child Caries and the Correlative Factors' Analysis of Uyghur and Chinese Children in Urumqi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    努尔比亚木·麦麦提依明; 赵今; 玛丽亚木古力; 牛巧丽

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the status of deciduous caries and early childhood caries among 3-5 year-old children of Uyghur and Chinese in Urumqi, and to explore the correlative factors of early childhood caries. Methods According to the criteria recommended by the Third National Oral Health Investigation, and Oral Health Surveys:Basic Methods of World Health Organization, the deciduous caries of 474 Urghur and Chinese children aged from threeto five in nine kindergartens were clinically examined. Data were collected by questionnaire from their parents, and the result waw analyzed using Logistic regression analysis. Results The result of logistic regression analysis showed that the variables including nationality, frequency of drinking milk, eating cookie or drinking sweet beverage before sleep, brushing teeth with help, and educational background of the mother were closely related to the incidence of infantile caries.Conclusion The nationality, frequency of drinking milk, eating cookie or drinking sweet beverage before sleep, brushing teeth with help, and educational background of the mother are correlative factors of early childhood caries. Necessary methods for prevention of deciduous caries must be taken into consideration as early as possible, and the bilingual propaganda for preventing and treating caries should be also highly emphasized.%目的 调查乌鲁木齐市维吾尔族、汉族儿童婴幼儿龋患病状况,探讨引起婴幼儿龋的相关危险因素.方法 根据世界卫生组织和第三次全国口腔健康流行病学调查方案,对乌鲁木齐市9所双语幼儿园的474名3~5岁维吾尔族、汉族儿童进行口腔检查,由儿童父母填写问卷表,并对结果进行logistic回归分析.结果 族别、喝牛奶频率、睡前吃甜食/喝甜饮料、是否帮助刷牙、母亲的文化程度与婴幼儿龋的发生有显著相关性.结论 汉族、喝牛奶频率高、睡前吃甜食/喝甜饮料、不刷牙、母亲的文化程度

  5. PREFACE: Strongly correlated electron systems Strongly correlated electron systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saxena, Siddharth S.; Littlewood, P. B.

    2012-07-01

    make use of 'small' electrons packed to the highest possible density. These are by definition 'strongly correlated'. For example: good photovoltaics must be efficient optical absorbers, which means that photons will generate tightly bound electron-hole pairs (excitons) that must then be ionised at a heterointerface and transported to contacts; efficient solid state refrigeration depends on substantial entropy changes in a unit cell, with large local electrical or magnetic moments; efficient lighting is in a real sense the inverse of photovoltaics; the limit of an efficient battery is a supercapacitor employing mixed valent ions; fuel cells and solar to fuel conversion require us to understand electrochemistry on the scale of a single atom; and we already know that the only prospect for effective high temperature superconductivity involves strongly correlated materials. Even novel IT technologies are now seen to have value not just for novel function but also for efficiency. While strongly correlated electron systems continue to excite researchers and the public alike due to the fundamental science issues involved, it seems increasingly likely that support for the science will be leveraged by its impact on energy and sustainability. Strongly correlated electron systems contents Strongly correlated electron systemsSiddharth S Saxena and P B Littlewood Magnetism, f-electron localization and superconductivity in 122-type heavy-fermion metalsF Steglich, J Arndt, O Stockert, S Friedemann, M Brando, C Klingner, C Krellner, C Geibel, S Wirth, S Kirchner and Q Si High energy pseudogap and its evolution with doping in Fe-based superconductors as revealed by optical spectroscopyN L Wang, W Z Hu, Z G Chen, R H Yuan, G Li, G F Chen and T Xiang Structural investigations on YbRh2Si2: from the atomic to the macroscopic length scaleS Wirth, S Ernst, R Cardoso-Gil, H Borrmann, S Seiro, C Krellner, C Geibel, S Kirchner, U Burkhardt, Y Grin and F Steglich Confinement of chiral magnetic

  6. PREFACE: Correlated Electrons (Japan)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyake, Kazumasa

    2007-03-01

    This issue of Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter is dedicated to results in the field of strongly correlated electron systems under multiple-environment. The physics of strongly correlated electron systems (SCES) has attracted much attention since the discovery of superconductivity in CeCu_2 Si_2 by Steglich and his co-workers a quater-century ago. Its interest has been intensified by the discovery of high-Tc superconductivity in a series of cuprates with layered perovskite structure which are still under active debate. The present issue of Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter present some aspects of SCES physics on the basis of activities of a late project "Centre-Of-Excellence" supported by MEXT (Ministry of Education, Sports, Science, Culture and Technology of the Japanese Government). This project has been performed by a condensed matter physics group in the faculties of science and engineering science of Osaka University. Although this project also covers correlated phenomena in optics and nano-scale systems, we focus here on the issues of SCES related to superconductivity, mainly unconventional. The present issue covers the discussions on a new mechanism of superconductivity with electronic origin (critical valence fluctuation mechanism), interplay and unification of magnetism and superconductivity in SCES based on a systematic study of NQR under pressure, varieties of Fermi surface of Ce- and U-based SCES probed by the de Haas-van Alphen effect, electronic states probed by a bulk sensitive photoemission spectroscopy with soft X-ray, pressure induced superconductivity of heavy electron materials, pressure dependence of superconducting transition temperature based on a first-principle calculation, and new superconductors under very high-pressure. Some papers offer readers' reviews of the relevant fields and/or include new developments of this intriguing research field of SCES. Altogether, the papers within this issue outline some aspects of electronic states

  7. Neural correlates of consciousness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Negrao, B L; Viljoen, M

    2009-11-01

    A basic understanding of consciousness and its neural correlates is of major importance for all clinicians, especially those involved with patients with altered states of consciousness. In this paper it is shown that consciousness is dependent on the brainstem and thalamus for arousal; that basic cognition is supported by recurrent electrical activity between the cortex and the thalamus at gamma band frequencies; aand that some kind of working memory must, at least fleetingly, be present for awareness to occur. The problem of cognitive binding and the role of attention are briefly addressed and it shown that consciousness depends on a multitude of subconscious processes. Although these processes do not represent consciousness, consciousness cannot exist without them.

  8. Broadcasting Correlated Gaussians

    CERN Document Server

    Bross, Shraga; Tinguely, Stephan

    2007-01-01

    We consider the transmission of a bi-variate Gaussian source over a one-to-two power-limited Gaussian broadcast channel. Receiver 1 observes the transmitted signal corrupted by Gaussian noise and wishes to estimate the first component of the source. Receiver 2 observes the transmitted signal in larger Gaussian noise and wishes to estimate the second component. We seek to characterize the pairs of mean squared-error distortions that are simultaneously achievable at the two receivers. Our result is that below a certain SNR-threshold an "uncoded scheme" that sends a linear combination of the source components is optimal. The SNR-theshold can be expressed as a function of the source correlation and the distortion at Receiver 1.

  9. Periodic Ising Correlations

    CERN Document Server

    Hystad, Grethe

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we first rework B. Kaufman's 1949 paper, "Crystal Statistics. II. Partition Function Evaluated by Spinor Analysis", by using representation theory. Our approach leads to a simpler and more direct way of deriving the spectrum of the transfer matrix for the finite periodic Ising model. We then determine formulas for the spin correlation functions that depend on the matrix elements of the induced rotation associated with the spin operator in a basis of eigenvectors for the transfer matrix. The representation of the spin matrix elements is obtained by considering the spin operator as an intertwining map. We exhibit the "new" elements V+ and V- in the Bugrij-Lisovyy formula as part of a holomorphic factorization of the periodic and anti-periodic summability kernels on the spectral curve associated with the induced rotation for the transfer matrix.

  10. Correlated emission of hadrons from recombination of correlated partons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fries, R J; Bass, S A; Müller, B

    2005-04-01

    We discuss different sources of hadron correlations in relativistic heavy ion collisions. We show that correlations among partons in a quasithermal medium can lead to the correlated emission of hadrons by quark recombination and argue that this mechanism offers a plausible explanation for the dihadron correlations in the few GeV/c momentum range observed in Au+Au collisions at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider.

  11. Quantifying Differential Privacy under Temporal Correlations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Yang; Yoshikawa, Masatoshi; Xiao, Yonghui; Xiong, Li

    2017-01-01

    Differential Privacy (DP) has received increasing attention as a rigorous privacy framework. Many existing studies employ traditional DP mechanisms (e.g., the Laplace mechanism) as primitives, which assume that the data are independent, or that adversaries do not have knowledge of the data correlations. However, continuous generated data in the real world tend to be temporally correlated, and such correlations can be acquired by adversaries. In this paper, we investigate the potential privacy loss of a traditional DP mechanism under temporal correlations in the context of continuous data release. First, we model the temporal correlations using Markov model and analyze the privacy leakage of a DP mechanism when adversaries have knowledge of such temporal correlations. Our analysis reveals that the privacy loss of a DP mechanism may accumulate and increase over time. We call it temporal privacy leakage. Second, to measure such privacy loss, we design an efficient algorithm for calculating it in polynomial time. Although the temporal privacy leakage may increase over time, we also show that its supremum may exist in some cases. Third, to bound the privacy loss, we propose mechanisms that convert any existing DP mechanism into one against temporal privacy leakage. Experiments with synthetic data confirm that our approach is efficient and effective. PMID:28883711

  12. CORRELATION BETWEEN FIBRINOGEN LEVEL AND CEREBRAL INFARCTION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yi-cheng Zhu; Li-ying Cui; Bao-lai Hua; Jia-qi Pan

    2006-01-01

    Objective To investigate the correlation between plasma fibrinogen level and cerebral infarction (CI) as well as the difference of fibrinogen among subtypes of CI.Methods A case-controlled study was conducted with 131 cases of CI and 148 controls. Plasma fibrinogen levels were detected by the Clauss method.Results High fibrinogen level (3.09±0.94 g/L) was correlated with CI (OR=2.47, 95% CI:1.51-4.04,P<0.005) at the onset stage of the disease. Persistent high fibrinogen level (3.14±0.81 g/L) at 6-month after stroke onset was detected and correlated with CI (OR=4.34, 95% CI: 1.80-10. 51,P=0.001). Higher fibrinogen level was correlated with total anterior circulation infarction (TACI), partial anterior circulation infarction (PACI), and posterior circulation infarction (POCI) (OR = 4.008, P<0.001). Higher fibrinogen level was correlated with extracranial atherosclerosis (OR=3.220, P<0.05), but not with intracranial atherosclerosis.Conclusion Fibrinogen level may be a risk factor of CI and probably correlates with subtypes of CI and distributions of atherosclerosis.

  13. The relations between quantum coherence and quantum correlations

    CERN Document Server

    Pei, Pei; Mei, Di; Li, Chong

    2010-01-01

    We reexamine entanglement and quantum correlation from the point of their consanguineous quantum property, the coherence, and consider the quantum correlation as a kind of nonlocal coherence. We emphasize the importance of specifying the tensor product structure of the total state space before discussing quantum correlation. Utilizing off-diagonal elements of density matrix, a measure of quantum correlation for arbitrary dimension bipartite states is proposed. The relations between the proposed measure and others of quantum correlation are investigated with explicit examples. The close relation between nonlocal coherence and quantum correlation provides theory evidence to experimentally measure the bipartite quantum correlation by means of coherence, and indicates a developing way to measure quantum correlation for states with the presence of local coherence.

  14. System Driven by Correlated Gaussian Noises Related with Disorder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Jing-Hui

    2007-01-01

    A system driven by correlated Gaussian noises related with disorder is investigated. The Fokker-Planck equation (FPE) for the system is derived. Using the FPE derived, some systems driven by correlated Gaussian noises related with disorder can be investigated for Brownian motors, nonequilibrium transition, resonant activation,stochastic resonance, and so on. We only give one example: i.e., using the FPE derived, we study the resonant activation for a single motor protein model with correlated noises related to disorder. Since the correlated noise related to disorder usually exists with the friction, for the temperature, and so on, our results have generic physical meanings for physics, chemistry, biology and other sciences.

  15. Nonlinear Correlations of Protein Sequences and Symmetries of Their Structures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Ming-Feng; HUANG Yan-Zhao; XIAO Yi

    2005-01-01

    @@ We investigate the nonlinear correlations of protein sequences by using the nonlinear prediction method developed in nonlinear dynamical theory.It is found that a lot of protein sequences show strong nonlinear correlations and have deterministic structures.Further investigations show that the strong nonlinear correlations of these protein sequences are due to the symmetries of their tertiary structures.Furthermore, the correlation lengths of the sequences are related to the degrees of the symmetries.These results support the duplication mechanism of protein evolution and also reveal one aspect how amino acid sequences encode their spatial structures.

  16. Boundary correlators in supergroup WZNW models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Creutzig, T.; Schomerus, V.

    2008-04-15

    We investigate correlation functions for maximally symmetric boundary conditions in the WZNW model on GL(11). Special attention is payed to volume filling branes. Generalizing earlier ideas for the bulk sector, we set up a Kac-Wakimotolike formalism for the boundary model. This first order formalism is then used to calculate bulk-boundary 2-point functions and the boundary 3-point functions of the model. The note ends with a few comments on correlation functions of atypical fields, point-like branes and generalizations to other supergroups. (orig.)

  17. Dynamical simulations of strongly correlated electron materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kress, Joel; Barros, Kipton; Batista, Cristian; Chern, Gia-Wei; Kotliar, Gabriel

    We present a formulation of quantum molecular dynamics that includes electron correlation effects via the Gutzwiller method. Our new scheme enables the study of the dynamical behavior of atoms and molecules with strong electron interactions. The Gutzwiller approach goes beyond the conventional mean-field treatment of the intra-atomic electron repulsion and captures crucial correlation effects such as band narrowing and electron localization. We use Gutzwiller quantum molecular dynamics to investigate the Mott transition in the liquid phase of a single-band metal and uncover intriguing structural and transport properties of the atoms.

  18. Correlates of suicide ideation among LGBT Nebraskans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irwin, Jay A; Coleman, Jason D; Fisher, Christopher M; Marasco, Vincent M

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this investigation is to outline correlates of suicide ideation among LGBT individuals living in Nebraska. A community-based participatory research approach was utilized to develop a 30-minute, online anonymous survey. Almost half of the sample had seriously considered suicide at some point in their lives. Significant correlates of increased likelihood of suicide ideation are age, gender, transgender identity, income, depression, and discrimination. Suicide ideation is a serious concern for the health of LGBT Nebraskans. Steps should be taken to incorporate individuals who fall into these high-risk categories in suicide outreach programs.

  19. Strong correlations in gravity and biophysics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krotov, Dmitry

    The unifying theme of this dissertation is the use of correlations. In the first part (chapter 2), we investigate correlations in quantum field theories in de Sitter space. In the second part (chapters 3,4,5), we use correlations to investigate a theoretical proposal that real (observed in nature) transcriptional networks of biological organisms are operating at a critical point in their phase diagram. In chapter 2 we study the infrared dependence of correlators in various external backgrounds. Using the Schwinger-Keldysh formalism we calculate loop corrections to the correlators in the case of the Poincare patch and the complete de Sitter space. In the case of the Poincare patch, the loop correction modifies the behavior of the correlator at large distances. In the case of the complete de Sitter space, the loop correction has a strong dependence on the infrared cutoff in the past. It grows linearly with time, suggesting that at some point the correlations become strong and break the symmetry of the classical background. In chapter 3 we derive the signatures of critical behavior in a model organism, the embryo of Drosophila melanogaster. They are: strong correlations in the fluctuations of different genes, a slowing of dynamics, long range correlations in space, and departures from a Gaussian distribution of these fluctuations. We argue that these signatures are observed experimentally. In chapter 4 we construct an effective theory for the zero mode in this system. This theory is different from the standard Landau-Ginsburg description. It contains gauge fields (the result of the broken translational symmetry inside the cell), which produce observable contributions to the two-point function of the order parameter. We show that the behavior of the two-point function for the network of N genes is described by the action of a relativistic particle moving on the surface of the N - 1 dimensional sphere. We derive a theoretical bound on the decay of the correlations and

  20. Evolution of worldwide stock markets, correlation structure, and correlation-based graphs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Dong-Ming; Tumminello, Michele; Zhou, Wei-Xing; Mantegna, Rosario N

    2011-08-01

    We investigate the daily correlation present among market indices of stock exchanges located all over the world in the time period January 1996 to July 2009. We discover that the correlation among market indices presents both a fast and a slow dynamics. The slow dynamics reflects the development and consolidation of globalization. The fast dynamics is associated with critical events that originate in a specific country or region of the world and rapidly affect the global system. We provide evidence that the short term time scale of correlation among market indices is less than 3 trading months (about 60 trading days). The average values of the nondiagonal elements of the correlation matrix, correlation-based graphs, and the spectral properties of the largest eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the correlation matrix are carrying information about the fast and slow dynamics of the correlation of market indices. We introduce a measure of mutual information based on link co-occurrence in networks in order to detect the fast dynamics of successive changes of correlation-based graphs in a quantitative way.

  1. Investigation and Analysis on Correlational Factors and Constitution of Traditional Chinese Medicine of Androgenetic Alopecia%雄性激素源性脱发发病相关因素及其与中医体质关系的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李婧; 朱其杰

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Through the investigation on general conditions and correlational factors, we analyse epidemiologica] characteristics, and explore its relationship with constitution of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Methods : 76 palients with AGA and 72 cases of control group were enrolled in this questionnaire, analyzing by SPSS 17.0. Results: The time of shampoo, consumption fat, life-work pressure, mental labor were risk factors, sleep time each day and satisfaction of life were protective factors. To analyse constitution of prevalence group and normal control group, it appeared that gentleness type occupied the most part , among which, 55.3% in prevalence group, 65.3% in normal control group, pathological type occupied 44.7% and 34.7%. To analyse correlational factors of gentleness type and pathological type in two groups by multivariate logistic regiession , it showed that male sex was associated with the incidence of AGA, the time of shampoo, consumption fat, life-work pressure and mental labor were risk factors of gentleness type, the time of shampoo and mental labor were risk factors of pathological type, and sleep time each day was protective factor of gentleness type and pathological type. Conclusion : Constitutional classification of two groups have no difference, and constitution of two groups haven't regularity.The time of shampoo, consumption fat, life-work of pressure, mental labor and so on are associated with the incidence of AGA.%目的:通过本病患者一般情况及发病相关因素的调查,分析本病的流行病学特征,并探讨其与中医体质的关联性.方法:对76例患者,及72例正常对照组进行问卷调查,结果采用SPSS17.0对数据进行分析.结果:洗头次数、食用肥肉、生活工作压力、脑力劳动是发病危险因素,每日睡眠时间、生活满意程度是保护因素.患病组及正常对照组体质调查以平和质为主,分别占55.3%、65.3%,偏颇质分别为44.7%、34.7%.偏

  2. An investigation on the correlation between job stress and job satisfaction among nurses in different positions at military hospital%某军队医院不同编制护士工作压力状况与工作满意度的对比分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴丹; 刘建芬; 张秀; 张云辉; 张冬梅; 孙艳红

    2009-01-01

    Objective To explore and analyze the correlation between job stress and job satisfaction among nurses in different positions at military hospital. Methods 192 nurses from different positions of military hospital were divided into three groups and investigated by the job stressor scale and job satisfaction questionnaire. Results The total scores of job stress and job satisfaction were (2.60 ± 0.21) and (3.22 ±0.38) respectively, and both of them were of moderate level. The pressure from nursing specialty was the major source of job stressor. The contract nurses tended to have more pressure and less satisfaction than the others. There was negative correlation between job pressure and job satisfaction. Significant differences existed in three groups in aspects of career development, wage and allowance, and management and policy. Conclusions Taking the effective measures to relieve the working pressure, improve the job satisfaction and keep the job stability is important to enhance the quality of nursing service.%目的 了解军队医院护理队伍中军人、非现役文职和聘用护士的工作压力、工作满意度现状,分析不同编制护士工作压力与工作满意度的关系.方法 采用护士工作压力源量表和工作满意度量表对192名军队医院护士进行问卷调查.结果 不同编制护士工作压力总分(2.60±0.21)分,各维度均处于中度压力水平,以护理专业与工作方面的压力最大;聘用护士的总体工作压力大于军人、文职护士;不同编制护士总体工作满意度总分(3.22±0.38)分,处于中等水平;聘用护士的总体工作满意度低于军人、文职护士;个人及专业发展机会维度、工资与补贴维度和管理与医院政策维度,不同编制护士之间差异有统计学意义;工作压力与工作满意度呈负相关(P<0.05).结论 护理管理人员应根据不同编制的护士采取有效的管理对策,减轻护士的工作压力,提高工作满意度,维持护

  3. Correlates of Sensitive Technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nelson, Paul [Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)

    2016-04-22

    By “Quantitative Empirical Analysis” (QEA) is intended the use of statistical methods to infer, from data that often tend to be of a historical nature, the characteristics of states that correlate with some designated dependent variable (e.g. proliferation of nuclear weapons). QEA is a well-established approach in the social sciences, but is not notably well-known among physical scientists, who tend to think of the social sciences as inherently qualitative. This article attempts to provide a snapshot of research, most of which has evolved over the past decade, involving the application of QEA to issues in which the dependent variable of interest is intended as some measure of nuclear proliferation. Standard practices in QEA are described, especially as they relate to data collection. The QEA approach is compared and contrasted to other quantitative approaches to studying proliferation-related issues, including a “figure of merit” approach that has largely been developed within the DOE complex, and two distinct methodologies termed in a recent US National Academy of Sciences study as “case by case” and “predefined framework.” Sample results from QEA applied to proliferation are indicated, as are doubts about such quantitative approaches. A simplistic decision-theoretic model of the optimal time for the international community to intervene in a possible proliferation scenario is used to illustrate the possibility of synergies between different approaches

  4. Spin Correlation in Binary Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Farbiash, N; Farbiash, Netzach; Steinitz, Raphael

    2004-01-01

    We examine the correlation of projected rotational velocities in binary systems. It is an extension of previous work (Steinitz and Pyper, 1970; Levato, 1974). An enlarged data basis and new tests enable us to conclude that there is indeed correlation between the projected rotational velocities of components of binaries. In fact we suggest that spins are already correlated.

  5. Model validation: Correlation for updating

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    D J Ewins

    2000-06-01

    In this paper, a review is presented of the various methods which are available for the purpose of performing a systematic comparison and correlation between two sets of vibration data. In the present case, the application of interest is in conducting this correlation process as a prelude to model correlation or updating activity.

  6. Characterization and estimation of permeability correlation structure from performance data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ershaghi, I.; Al-Qahtani, M. [Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)

    1997-08-01

    In this study, the influence of permeability structure and correlation length on the system effective permeability and recovery factors of 2-D cross-sectional reservoir models, under waterflood, is investigated. Reservoirs with identical statistical representation of permeability attributes are shown to exhibit different system effective permeability and production characteristics which can be expressed by a mean and variance. The mean and variance are shown to be significantly influenced by the correlation length. Detailed quantification of the influence of horizontal and vertical correlation lengths for different permeability distributions is presented. The effect of capillary pressure, P{sub c1} on the production characteristics and saturation profiles at different correlation lengths is also investigated. It is observed that neglecting P{sub c} causes considerable error at large horizontal and short vertical correlation lengths. The effect of using constant as opposed to variable relative permeability attributes is also investigated at different correlation lengths. Next we studied the influence of correlation anisotropy in 2-D reservoir models. For a reservoir under five-spot waterflood pattern, it is shown that the ratios of breakthrough times and recovery factors of the wells in each direction of correlation are greatly influenced by the degree of anisotropy. In fully developed fields, performance data can aid in the recognition of reservoir anisotropy. Finally, a procedure for estimating the spatial correlation length from performance data is presented. Both the production performance data and the system`s effective permeability are required in estimating the correlation length.

  7. An investigation of the relationship between positive and negative perfectionism and study skills with canonical correlationOlumlu ve olumsuz mükemmeliyetçilik ile ders çalışma becerileri arasındaki ilişkinin kanonik korelasyon ile incelenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa İlhan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The aim of this research was to investigate the relationships between positive and negative perfectionism and study skills. Relational screening model was used in this study with this aim. Workgroup of the investigation consists of 207 students receiving study in three high schools in Battalgazi District of Malatya City, in the spring semester of 2011-2012 school year. 105 (50.72% of the students in the workgroup are female and 102 (50.28% of whom are male. In the research, “The Positive and Negative Perfectionism Scale” developed by Kırdök (2004 has been used to determine the perfectionism characteristics of the students and “The Study Skills Scale” developed by Mr. Bay, Tuğluk and Gençdoğan (2004 has been used to test the study skills of the students. In the research, the relationship between the perfectionism data set composing of positive perfectionism and negative perfectionism variables; and study skills data set composing of motivation, time management, and exam preparation-test anxiety management variables has been investigated by canonical correlation analysis. The results of canonical correlation analysis demonstrated that there were significant relationships between positive and negative perfectionism and study skills. Common variance that the positive and negative perfectionism and study skills data sets share has been calculated as 35.59%. ÖzetBu araştırmada, olumlu ve olumsuz mükemmeliyetçilik ile ders çalışma becerileri arasındaki ilişkinin incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu amaca uygun olarak araştırmada ilişkisel tarama modeli kullanılmıştır. Araştırmanın çalışma grubu, 2011-2012 Öğretim Yılı Bahar Dönemi’nde Malatya ili Battalgazi İlçesindeki üç lisede öğrenim gören 105’i (%50.72 bayan, 102’si (%50.28 ise erkek olmak üzere toplam 207 öğrenciden oluşmaktadır. Araştırmada öğrencilerin mükemmeliyetçilik özelliklerinin belirlenmesinde Kırdök (2004 taraf

  8. 本科护理学专业学生学习适应行为与学校环境因素认可度的相关研究%Investigation of the correlations between the academic adjustment behavior and school environment of bachelor degree nursing students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿笑微; 孙宏玉; 郑修霞

    2010-01-01

    Objective To investigate the correlations between the academic adjustment behavior and school environment of bachelor degree nursing students by using questionnaires, and offer some evidence for further teaching reform. Methods A sample of 491 bachelor degree nursing students from 3 nursing schools with 5year program in Beijing and Tianjin was collected in the study. Data were analyzed using the methods of statistics. Results Students have a high score of staff evaluation and classmate evaluation than conditions evaluation and courses evaluation. General evaluation, staff evaluation and classmate evaluation have direct effect on academic adjustment behaviors. Conclusions Academic adjustment behavior can be improved by enhancing evaluations toward school environment, staff and classmate particularly. Nursing educators should make efforts to change school environment according to student' need, and use effect methods to enhance students' academic adjustment behavior.%目的 了解本科护理学专业学生学习适应行为与学校环境因素认可度之间的相关关系.方法 采用自设问卷对北京、天津3所高等院校中一年级~四年级五年制本科护理学专业491名学生进行了有关调查.结果 本科护理学专业学生对同伴因素和教学因素的认可度较好,对综合因素、课程因素的认可度相对较差;学校环境因素认可度中总体评价、教师因素、同伴因素三方面的认可度对学生学习适应行为有直接影响.结论 通过提高学生对于教师因素、同伴因素的认可度可以促进学生良好学习适应行为的产生.提示护理教育者应当充分考虑学生的需求,进一步改善学校环境因素中的教师因素和同伴因素,以提高学生良好的学习适应行为.

  9. Electronic Structure of Strongly Correlated Materials

    CERN Document Server

    Anisimov, Vladimir

    2010-01-01

    Electronic structure and physical properties of strongly correlated materials containing elements with partially filled 3d, 4d, 4f and 5f electronic shells is analyzed by Dynamical Mean-Field Theory (DMFT). DMFT is the most universal and effective tool used for the theoretical investigation of electronic states with strong correlation effects. In the present book the basics of the method are given and its application to various material classes is shown. The book is aimed at a broad readership: theoretical physicists and experimentalists studying strongly correlated systems. It also serves as a handbook for students and all those who want to be acquainted with fast developing filed of condensed matter physics.

  10. Correlations in small systems with ALICE

    CERN Document Server

    Lakomov, Igor

    2016-01-01

    ALICE is dedicated to the study of the strongly interacting matter, the so-called Quark-Gluon Plasma (QGP), formed in heavy-ion collisions at the LHC. In addition, ALICE also actively participated in the pp and p–Pb collision programs. In particular, the measurements of the twoparticle azimuthal correlations in pp collisions at √ s = 7 TeV and in p–Pb collisions at √ sNN = 5.02 TeV have been performed by the ALICE Collaboration during Run I of the LHC. Similar long-range correlations in p–Pb and Pb–Pb collisions have been observed on the near and away side — also known as the double ridge. Further investigations showed the importance of the Multi-Parton Interactions (MPI) in high-multiplicity collisions in small systems. In this work the ALICE results on the correlations in small systems are presented including MPI measurements in pp collisions.

  11. Evolution of intensity noise and hybrid correlation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Irfan; Lau, Condon; Wang, Ruimin; Zhang, Da; Li, Xinghua; Li, Kangkang; Li, Changbiao; Zhang, Yanpeng

    2017-06-01

    We report the evolution of spontaneous parametric four-wave mixing (SP-FWM) as a small peak in the dip of Autler-Townes splitting in the medium of coherent non linear crystal of Pr3+:Y2SiO5. We demonstrate the results of a composite signal with evolution from pure fluorescence to a hybrid state of light to pure SP-FWM. By investigating the composite signal in frequency/time domains and studying hybrid correlations (positive/negative or anti-correlation) among three channels, i.e. Stokes (anti-Stokes) with composite signal, we demonstrate the evolution of SP-FWM processes from fluorescence. Such correlations can have potential applications in all-optical communication and quantum teleportation.

  12. Correlation between intra- and extracranial background EEG

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duun-Henriksen, Jonas; Kjær, Troels Wesenberg; Madsen, Rasmus Elsborg

    2012-01-01

    Scalp EEG is the most widely used modality to record the electrical signals of the brain. It is well known that the volume conduction of these brain waves through the brain, cerebrospinal fluid, skull and scalp reduces the spatial resolution and the signal amplitude. So far the volume conduction...... has primarily been investigated by realistic head models or interictal spike analysis. We have set up a novel and more realistic experiment that made it possible to compare the information in the intra- and extracranial EEG. We found that intracranial EEG channels contained correlated patterns when...... placed less than 30 mm apart, that intra- and extracranial channels were partly correlated when placed less than 40 mm apart, and that extracranial channels probably were correlated over larger distances. The underlying cortical area that influences the extracranial EEG is found to be up to 45 cm2...

  13. Electronic transport and dynamics in correlated heterostructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazza, G.; Amaricci, A.; Capone, M.; Fabrizio, M.

    2015-05-01

    We investigate by means of the time-dependent Gutzwiller approximation the transport properties of a strongly correlated slab subject to Hubbard repulsion and connected with to two metallic leads kept at a different electrochemical potential. We focus on the real-time evolution of the electronic properties after the slab is connected to the leads and consider both metallic and Mott insulating slabs. When the correlated slab is metallic, the system relaxes to a steady state that sustains a finite current. The zero-bias conductance is finite and independent of the degree of correlations within the slab as long as the system remains metallic. On the other hand, when the slab is in a Mott insulating state, the external bias leads to currents that are exponentially activated by charge tunneling across the Mott-Hubbard gap, consistent with the Landau-Zener dielectric breakdown scenario.

  14. Communication activity: temporal correlations, clustering, and growth

    CERN Document Server

    Rybski, Diego; Havlin, Shlomo; Liljeros, Fredrik; Makse, Hernan A

    2010-01-01

    Communication via electronic mail represents a form of human dynamics. Embedded in a social network, the communicating partners interact in a complex fashion, where the act of communication is triggered by internal and external influences. Nevertheless, the timing of communication is not completely random -- on the contrary, communication is dominated by emergent statistical laws. We recently found long-term correlations in the activity of sending messages in social communities and were able to relate non-trivial growth properties to this type of memory. However, the origins of this persistence are unclear: From a statistical physics point of view long-term correlations can be due to (i) power-law distributed inter-event times (Levy correlations) or (ii) dependencies between the activity at different times. Here we investigate the times when messages are sent in two social communities and find evidences indicating a superposition of both scenarios. We apply stretched exponential fits to the inter-event time d...

  15. Parameter likelihood of intrinsic ellipticity correlations

    CERN Document Server

    Capranico, Federica; Schaefer, Bjoern Malte

    2012-01-01

    Subject of this paper are the statistical properties of ellipticity alignments between galaxies evoked by their coupled angular momenta. Starting from physical angular momentum models, we bridge the gap towards ellipticity correlations, ellipticity spectra and derived quantities such as aperture moments, comparing the intrinsic signals with those generated by gravitational lensing, with the projected galaxy sample of EUCLID in mind. We investigate the dependence of intrinsic ellipticity correlations on cosmological parameters and show that intrinsic ellipticity correlations give rise to non-Gaussian likelihoods as a result of nonlinear functional dependencies. Comparing intrinsic ellipticity spectra to weak lensing spectra we quantify the magnitude of their contaminating effect on the estimation of cosmological parameters and find that biases on dark energy parameters are very small in an angular-momentum based model in contrast to the linear alignment model commonly used. Finally, we quantify whether intrins...

  16. Experimental demonstration of nonbilocal quantum correlations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saunders, Dylan J; Bennet, Adam J; Branciard, Cyril; Pryde, Geoff J

    2017-04-01

    Quantum mechanics admits correlations that cannot be explained by local realistic models. The most studied models are the standard local hidden variable models, which satisfy the well-known Bell inequalities. To date, most works have focused on bipartite entangled systems. We consider correlations between three parties connected via two independent entangled states. We investigate the new type of so-called "bilocal" models, which correspondingly involve two independent hidden variables. These models describe scenarios that naturally arise in quantum networks, where several independent entanglement sources are used. Using photonic qubits, we build such a linear three-node quantum network and demonstrate nonbilocal correlations by violating a Bell-like inequality tailored for bilocal models. Furthermore, we show that the demonstration of nonbilocality is more noise-tolerant than that of standard Bell nonlocality in our three-party quantum network.

  17. EDITORIAL: Strongly correlated electron systems Strongly correlated electron systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ronning, Filip; Batista, Cristian

    2011-03-01

    during SCES 2010. As we learned, past dogmas about strongly correlated materials and phenomena must be re-examined with an open and inquisitive mind. Invited speakers and respected leaders in the field were invited to contribute to this special issue and we have insisted that they present new data, ideas, or perspectives, as opposed to simply an overview of their past work. As with the conference, this special issue touches upon recent developments of strongly correlated electron systems in d-electron materials, such as Sr3Ru2O7, graphene, and the new Fe-based superconductors, but it is dominated by topics in f-electron compounds. Contributions reflect the growing appreciation for the influence of disorder and frustration, the need for organizing principles, as well as detailed investigations on particular materials of interest and, of course, new materials. As this special issue could not possibly capture the full breadth and depth that the conference had to offer, it is being published simultaneously with an issue of Journal of Physics: Conference Series containing 157 manuscripts in which all poster presenters at SCES 2010 were invited to contribute. Since this special issue grew out of the 2010 SCES conference, we take this opportunity to give thanks. This conference would not have been possible without the hard work of the SCES 2010 Program Committee, International and National Advisory Committees, Local Committee, and conference organizers, the New Mexico Consortium. We thank them as well as those organizations that generously provided financial support: ICAM-I2CAM, Quantum Design, Lakeshore, the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory and the Department of Energy National Laboratories at Argonne, Berkeley, Brookhaven, Los Alamos and Oak Ridge. Of course, we especially thank the participants for bringing new ideas and new results, without which SCES 2010 would not have been possible. Strongly correlated electron systems contents Spin-orbit coupling and k

  18. 探讨HBV-DNA和AFP血清浓度的变化与HBV感染者转归的关系%Investigation of the Correlation of Variations of HBV-DNA Quantification and Alpha Fetal Protein Concentration in Serum with the Turnover of Hep-atitis B Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴艳丽; 陈育贤; 苏鲁贤; 王雪英

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨乙肝病毒感染者血清中HBV-DNA拷贝数与AFP浓度的变化对其转归的影响。方法收集2012年1月-2013年1月来该院就诊的400例乙肝病毒感染者血清,参照乙型肝炎和原发性肝癌的诊断标准进行如下分组:慢性乙型肝炎组200例,肝炎肝硬化组150例,肝癌组50例。对收集的标本采用实时荧光定量的方法检测出HBV-DNA水平,化学发光法检测AFP的浓度,然后对结果进行统计分析。结果在所有病例中,慢性乙型肝炎组HBV-DNA拷贝数为(5.38±1.66),在3组中最高,而肝癌组HBV-DNA拷贝数为(4.41±1.43)在3组中最低。慢性乙型肝炎组与其他两组比较,P<0.01,差异有统计学意义;3组间AFP浓度的变化进行比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。3组中HBV-DNA拷贝数及AFP浓度变化和组别之间有明显的相关性,其中HBV-DNA的变化与病程呈反相关,而AFP的变化则呈正相关。结论乙肝病毒感染者应定期定量检测血清中HBV-DNA的含量,判断病毒的复制情况,并同时检测AFP浓度,以期尽早发现肝组织的损害程度及病情的演变过程,对乙肝病毒感染者病程转归的监测和预后判断具有重要的意义。%Objective To investigate the effect of variations of HBV-DNA copy number and alpha fetal protein (AFP) concentra-tion in serum on the turnover of hepatitis B patients. Methods The serum of 400 hepatitis B patients visited our hospital from Jan-uary 2012 to January 2013 were collected. According to the diagnostic standard of hepatitis B and hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC), the patients were divided into chronic hepatitis B group of 200 cases, liver cirrhosis group of 150 cases, HCC group of 50 cases. Fluorescent quantitation was used to detect the levels of HBV-DNA, and chemiluminescence method was adopted to measure the levels of AFP. And the results were analyzed statistically. Results Of all the patients, the HBV-DNA copy number of chronic hep-atitis B group was 5.38

  19. 上海地区中老年人维生素D与骨密度之间的相关性调查%Investigation of the correlation between vitamin D and bone mineral density in middle-aged and elder people in Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵海洋; 朱建民; 张银网

    2014-01-01

    目的:研究维生素D与骨密度的相关性。方法调查248名自由居住在上海的中老年人,女性128名,男性120名,年龄在40到90之间,他们都是从人口基数中随机选入的。分别测量选入对象的全身骨密度和血清中25( OH) D的含量,分析两者之间的相关性。结果研究对象的平均年龄70.03±11.44岁,其中男性的平均年龄为70.96±12.22岁,女性的平均年龄为69.16±10.62岁。研究对象的平均25( OH) D的总量浓度为13.733±6.894 ng/ml;平均25( OH) D2的浓度为1.672±1.577 ng/ml,平均25(OH)D3的浓度为12.057±6.631 ng/ml。其中男性平均25(OH)D的总量浓度为14.258±5.557 ng/ml;平均25(OH)D2的浓度为1.580±1.548 ng/ml,平均25(OH)D3的浓度为12.710±5.440 ng/ml。女性平均25(OH)D的总量浓度为13.241±7.937 ng/ml;平均25(OH)D2的浓度为1.758±1.604 ng/ml,平均25(OH)D3的浓度为11.445±7.550 ng/ml。研究对象中97%(n=241)25(OH)D的浓度小于30 ng/ml;其中男性中99%的人(n=119)25(OH)D的浓度小于30 ng/ml;女性中95%的人(n=122)25(OH)D的浓度小于30 ng/ml。研究对象中83%(n=206)的人伴有股骨颈骨质疏松;86%的人(n=214)伴有腰椎的骨质疏松。其中男性中82%的人(n=98)伴有股骨颈骨质疏松,84.2%的人(n=101)伴有腰椎的骨质疏松。女性中84.4%的人(n=108)伴有股骨颈骨质疏松,88.3%的人(n=113)伴有腰椎的骨质疏松。在多变量的数据分析里,校正了年龄、体重指数的差异后,发现25(OH)D与骨密度之间存在一定关系(见表3、4、5)。结论在中国上海健康中老年人群中存在严重的维生素D不足和缺乏状况,维生素D的状态与骨密度可能存在正性相关,必须进一步进行大样本的研究来探讨维生素D与骨质疏松症及骨折的关系。%Objective To investigate the

  20. Modeling Complex System Correlation Using Detrended Cross-Correlation Coefficient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keqiang Dong

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The understanding of complex systems has become an area of active research for physicists because such systems exhibit interesting dynamical properties such as scale invariance, volatility correlation, heavy tails, and fractality. We here focus on traffic dynamic as an example of a complex system. By applying the detrended cross-correlation coefficient method to traffic time series, we find that the traffic fluctuation time series may exhibit cross-correlation characteristic. Further, we show that two traffic speed time series derived from adjacent sections exhibit much stronger cross-correlations than the two speed series derived from adjacent lanes. Similarly, we also demonstrate that the cross-correlation property between the traffic volume variables from two adjacent sections is stronger than the cross-correlation property between the volume variables of adjacent lanes.

  1. Correlations of correlations: Secondary autocorrelations in finite harmonic systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plyukhin, Dan; Plyukhin, Alex V

    2015-10-01

    The momentum or velocity autocorrelation function C(t) for a tagged oscillator in a finite harmonic system decays like that of an infinite system for short times, but exhibits erratic behavior at longer time scales. We introduce the autocorrelation function of the long-time noisy tail of C(t) ("a correlation of the correlation"), which characterizes the distribution of recurrence times. Remarkably, for harmonic systems with same-mass particles this secondary correlation may coincide with the primary correlation C(t) (when both functions are normalized) either exactly, or over a significant initial time interval. When the tagged particle is heavier than the rest, the equality does not hold, correlations show nonrandom long-time scale pattern, and higher-order correlations converge to the lowest normal mode.

  2. Correlation in Energy Markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lange, Nina

    In this paper, I study the relationship between volatility of crude oil prices and volatility of the EURUSD rate. If there is a common factor in the volatility of crude oil and the volatility of exchange rates, possible explanations could be that the financial crisis caused a volatility spillover...... a period from 2000 to 2012. This data allows me to analyse the marketperceived volatility rather than investigating volatilities in the form of realised returns. A model-free analysis supports the presence of a joint factor in the volatilities since mid-2007. As the two markets are asynchronous in futures...... and options maturity date, a term structure models allow for a description of the observed volatility surfaces by one or more stochastic volatility processes. A term structure model including one joint volatility factor and two market-specific volatility factors is proposed to capture the joint factor...

  3. Correlation dynamics and international diversification benefits

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christoffersen, Peter; Errunza, Vihang; Jacobs, Kris

    2014-01-01

    Forecasting the evolution of security co-movements is critical for asset pricing and portfolio allocation. Hence, we investigate patterns and trends in correlations over time using weekly returns for developed markets (DMs) and emerging markets (EMs) over the period 1973–2012. We show that it is ...... the increasing correlations in a long-only portfolio by adjusting the portfolio weights over time. However, we do find some evidence that adding EMs to a DM-only portfolio increases diversification benefits.......Forecasting the evolution of security co-movements is critical for asset pricing and portfolio allocation. Hence, we investigate patterns and trends in correlations over time using weekly returns for developed markets (DMs) and emerging markets (EMs) over the period 1973–2012. We show...... that it is possible to model co-movements for many countries simultaneously using BEKK, DCC, and DECO models. Empirically, we find that correlations have trended upward significantly for both DMs and EMs. Based on a time-varying measure of diversification benefits, we find that it is not possible to circumvent...

  4. Correlation dynamics and international diversification benefits

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christoffersen, Peter; Errunza, Vihang; Jacobs, Kris

    2014-01-01

    Forecasting the evolution of security co-movements is critical for asset pricing and portfolio allocation. Hence, we investigate patterns and trends in correlations over time using weekly returns for developed markets (DMs) and emerging markets (EMs) over the period 1973–2012. We show that it is ...... the increasing correlations in a long-only portfolio by adjusting the portfolio weights over time. However, we do find some evidence that adding EMs to a DM-only portfolio increases diversification benefits.......Forecasting the evolution of security co-movements is critical for asset pricing and portfolio allocation. Hence, we investigate patterns and trends in correlations over time using weekly returns for developed markets (DMs) and emerging markets (EMs) over the period 1973–2012. We show...... that it is possible to model co-movements for many countries simultaneously using BEKK, DCC, and DECO models. Empirically, we find that correlations have trended upward significantly for both DMs and EMs. Based on a time-varying measure of diversification benefits, we find that it is not possible to circumvent...

  5. Correlation Dynamics and International Diversification Benefits

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christoffersen, Peter; Errunza, Vihang R.; Jacobs, Kris

    Forecasting the evolution of security co-movements is critical for asset pricing and portfolio allocation. Hence, we investigate patterns and trends in correlations over time using weekly returns for developed markets (DMs) and emerging markets (EMs) during the period 1973-2012. We show that it i......-only portfolio to circumvent the increasing correlations by adjusting the portfolio weights over time. However, we do find some evidence that adding EMs to a DM-only portfolio increases diversification benefits.......Forecasting the evolution of security co-movements is critical for asset pricing and portfolio allocation. Hence, we investigate patterns and trends in correlations over time using weekly returns for developed markets (DMs) and emerging markets (EMs) during the period 1973-2012. We show...... that it is possible to model co-movements for many countries simultaneously using BEKK, DCC, and DECO models. Empirically, we find that correlations have significantly trended upward for both DMs and EMs. Based on a time-varying measure of diversification benefit, we find that it is not possible in a long...

  6. Two-qubit correlations via a periodic plasmonic nanostructure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iliopoulos, Nikos; Terzis, Andreas F. [Department of Physics, School of Natural Sciences, University of Patras, Patras 265 04 (Greece); Yannopapas, Vassilios [Department of Physics, National Technical University of Athens, Athens 157 80 (Greece); Paspalakis, Emmanuel, E-mail: paspalak@upatras.gr [Materials Science Department, School of Natural Sciences, University of Patras, Patras 265 04 (Greece)

    2016-02-15

    We theoretically investigate the generation of quantum correlations by using two distant qubits in free space or mediated by a plasmonic nanostructure. We report both entanglement of formation as well as quantum discord and classical correlations. We have found that for proper initial state of the two-qubit system and distance between the two qubits we can produce quantum correlations taking significant value for a relatively large time interval so that it can be useful in quantum information and computation processes.

  7. Polarization-correlated photon pairs from a single ion

    CERN Document Server

    Rohde, F; Piro, N; Almendros, M; Schuck, C; Dubin, F; Eschner, J

    2009-01-01

    In the fluorescence light of a single atom, the probability for emission of a photon with certain polarization depends on the polarization of the photon emitted immediately before it. Here correlations of such kind are investigated with a single trapped calcium ion by means of second order correlation functions. A theoretical model is developed and fitted to the experimental data, which show 91% probability for the emission of polarization-correlated photon pairs within 24 ns.

  8. Correlation effects and turbulent diffusion scalings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bakunin, O G [FOM Instituut voor Plasmafysica ' Rijnhuizen' , Associate Euroatom-FOM, 3430 BE Nieuwegein (Netherlands)

    2004-06-01

    A significant deviation of turbulent transport from conventional diffusion necessitates a search for new types of equations and scalings. Long-range correlations are responsible for anomalous transport. An investigation of correlation effects and correlation functions, which are fairly universal tools, plays an important role. This review deals with the methods of direct calculations, diffusive approximation, and the scaling representation of correlation effects. In this paper, we consider different methods for constructing transport equations, ranging from those in the quasi-linear approximation to those with fractional derivatives. The topics to be discussed include renormalized quasi-linear equations, Levy-Khintchine distributions, and continuous time random walk. A variety of instabilities leads to the development of different turbulence types. This variety of forms requires not only special description methods, but also an analysis of the general mechanisms. One such mechanism is percolation transport. Its description is based on the ideas of long-range correlations, borrowed from the theory of phase transitions, and fractality. A detailed analysis of the more important results obtained in this field is presented in this paper. We will focus on scaling arguments that play an important role in obtaining estimates of transport effects.

  9. Temporal correlation coefficient for directed networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Büttner, Kathrin; Salau, Jennifer; Krieter, Joachim

    2016-01-01

    Previous studies dealing with network theory focused mainly on the static aggregation of edges over specific time window lengths. Thus, most of the dynamic information gets lost. To assess the quality of such a static aggregation the temporal correlation coefficient can be calculated. It measures the overall possibility for an edge to persist between two consecutive snapshots. Up to now, this measure is only defined for undirected networks. Therefore, we introduce the adaption of the temporal correlation coefficient to directed networks. This new methodology enables the distinction between ingoing and outgoing edges. Besides a small example network presenting the single calculation steps, we also calculated the proposed measurements for a real pig trade network to emphasize the importance of considering the edge direction. The farm types at the beginning of the pork supply chain showed clearly higher values for the outgoing temporal correlation coefficient compared to the farm types at the end of the pork supply chain. These farm types showed higher values for the ingoing temporal correlation coefficient. The temporal correlation coefficient is a valuable tool to understand the structural dynamics of these systems, as it assesses the consistency of the edge configuration. The adaption of this measure for directed networks may help to preserve meaningful additional information about the investigated network that might get lost if the edge directions are ignored.

  10. Correlations of Pairs in Bichromatic Optical Lattices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yan; He, Zhi

    2017-09-01

    Correlation functions of two interacting bosons in bound states confined in a quasi-periodic 1D optical lattice are investigated. This two-body problem is exactly solvable, and therefore, various correlation functions can be directly calculated. The first-order correlation and the resulting momentum distribution behave smoothly across the phase boundary and exhibit a strong dependence on the sign of on-site interactions. We demonstrate that this special signature of momentum distribution exists for both the extended phase and the localized phase. In addition to the dependence on the sign of on-site interactions, the second-order quantum coherence reveals complementary information about the quasi-periodic order of the system, the underling structure of the bound states and the characterization of the different phases of the bound states. We also study the second-order correlation in momentum space of the bound states in both the weak and strong coupling regimes and demonstrate different correlation patterns in these two regimes.

  11. Correlates of social support receipt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunkel-Schetter, C; Folkman, S; Lazarus, R S

    1987-07-01

    Psychological correlates of social support receipt were examined in an investigation of stress and coping among 150 middle-aged community residents. Subjects were interviewed monthly for 6 months, each time concerning a specific stressful situation in the previous month. Social support received and methods of coping were assessed each time, as well as other variables. Factors hypothesized to be associated with support receipt were person predispositions, appraisal patterns with regard to specific stressful encounters, and coping strategies used. Each was most strongly associated with a particular type of social support. Person predispositions related most strongly to emotional support received, appraisal factors related most strongly to aid, and coping strategies related most to informational support received. Furthermore, of the three sets of variables, the individual's ways of coping appeared to be most strongly associated with all types of social support received. Two implications are explored. First, we suggest that the three types of social support studied represent different constructs with different antecedents and consequences. Second, we argue that coping behavior provides interpersonal cues regarding what is wanted or needed in a stressful situation and that the members of the social environment respond accordingly.

  12. Long-range correlation and market segmentation in bond market

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhongxing; Yan, Yan; Chen, Xiaosong

    2017-09-01

    This paper investigates the long-range auto-correlations and cross-correlations in bond market. Based on Detrended Moving Average (DMA) method, empirical results present a clear evidence of long-range persistence that exists in one year scale. The degree of long-range correlation related to maturities has an upward tendency with a peak in short term. These findings confirm the expectations of fractal market hypothesis (FMH). Furthermore, we have developed a method based on a complex network to study the long-range cross-correlation structure and applied it to our data, and found a clear pattern of market segmentation in the long run. We also detected the nature of long-range correlation in the sub-period 2007-2012 and 2011-2016. The result from our research shows that long-range auto-correlations are decreasing in the recent years while long-range cross-correlations are strengthening.

  13. Van Vleck correction generalization for complex correlators with multilevel quantization

    CERN Document Server

    Benkevitch, L V; Lonsdale, C J; Cappallo, R J; Oberoi, D; Erickson, P J; Baker, K A V

    2016-01-01

    Remote sensing with phased antenna arrays is based on measurement of the cross-correlations between the signals from each antenna pair. Digital correlators have systematic errors due to the quantization losses. The correlation errors allow substantial abatement based on the assumption that the analog signals are stochastic processes sampled from a statistical distribution (usually the Gaussian). The correlation correction technique is named after Van Vleck who was the first to apply it to two-level clipping quantizers. The correction is especially important for high correlation levels, e.g. in studies of solar radio emissions. We offer a generalized method that for every antenna pair inputs the quantized signals' covariance and standard deviations, and outputs high-precision estimates of the analog correlation. Although correlation correction methods have been extensively investigated in the past, there are several problems that, as far as we know, have not been published yet. We consider a very general quant...

  14. High-order correlation of chaotic bosons and fermions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Hong-Chao

    2016-08-01

    We theoretically study the high-order correlation functions of chaotic bosons and fermions. Based on the different parity of the Stirling number, the products of the first-order correlation functions are well classified and employed to represent the high-order correlation function. The correlation of bosons conduces a bunching effect, which will be enhanced as order N increases. Different from bosons, the anticommutation relation of fermions leads to the parity of the Stirling number, which thereby results in a mixture of bunching and antibunching behaviors in high-order correlation. By further investigating third-order ghost diffraction and ghost imaging, the differences between the high-order correlations of bosons and fermions are discussed in detail. A larger N will dramatically improve the ghost image quality for bosons, but a good strategy should be carefully chosen for the fermionic ghost imaging process due to its complex correlation components.

  15. Tensor Network States with Three-Site Correlators

    CERN Document Server

    Kovyrshin, Arseny

    2016-01-01

    We present a detailed analysis of various tensor network parameterizations within the Complete Graph Tensor Network States (CGTNS) approach. We extend our 2-site CGTNS scheme by introducing 3-site correlators. For this we devise three different strategies. The first relies solely on 3-site correlators and the second on 3-site correlators added on top of the 2-site correlator ansatz. To avoid an inflation of the variational space introduced by higher-order correlators, we limit the number of higher-order correlators to the most significant ones in the third strategy. Approaches for the selection of these most significant correlators are discussed. The sextet and doublet spin states of the spin-crossover complex manganocene serve as a numerical test case. In general, the CGTNS scheme achieves a remarkable accuracy for a significantly reduced size of the variational space. The advantages, drawbacks, and limitations of all CGTNS parameterizations investigated are rigorously discussed.

  16. Correlations of two photons at hadron colliders

    OpenAIRE

    Kozlov, G. A.

    2011-01-01

    We study the Bose-Einstein correlations of two photons and their coherent properties that can provide the information about the space-time structure of the emitting source through the Higgs-boson decays into two photons. We argue that such an investigation could probe the Higgs-boson mass. The model is rather sensitive to the temperature of the environment and to the external distortion effect in medium.

  17. The Correlated Kondo-lattice Model

    OpenAIRE

    Kienert, J.; Santos, C.; Nolting, W.

    2003-01-01

    We investigate the ferromagnetic Kondo-lattice model (FKLM) with a correlated conduction band. A moment conserving approach is proposed to determine the electronic self-energy. Mapping the interaction onto an effective Heisenberg model we calculate the ordering of the localized spin system self-consistently. Quasiparticle densities of states (QDOS) and the Curie temperature are calculated. The band interaction leads to an upper Hubbard peak and modifies the magnetic stability of the FKLM.

  18. Dietary Correlates of Emotional Eating in Adolescence

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    To better understand the relation between emotional eating and dietary choices, dietary correlates of emotional eating were investigated in an adolescent sample. Participants were 617 predominantly Latino middle school students from seven schools in Los Angeles County. Analyses of cross-sectional data revealed that emotional eating was associated with increased frequency of intake of sweet high energy-dense foods, such as cake and ice cream, salty high energy-dense foods like chips, and soda....

  19. Correlated Equilibria of Classical Strategic Games with Quantum Signals

    CERN Document Server

    La Mura, P

    2003-01-01

    Correlated equilibria are sometimes more efficient than the Nash equilibria of a game without signals. We investigate whether the availability of quantum signals in the context of a classical strategic game may allow the players to achieve even better efficiency than in any correlated equilibrium with classical signals, and find the answer to be positive.

  20. Correlations between Google search data and Mortality Rates

    OpenAIRE

    Risk, James

    2012-01-01

    Inspired by correlations recently discovered between Google search data and financial markets, we show correlations between Google search data mortality rates. Words with negative connotations may provide for increased mortality rates, while words with positive connotations may provide for decreased mortality rates, and so statistical methods were employed to determine to investigate further.