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Sample records for coronary artery revascularization

  1. Revascularization options in stable coronary artery disease: it is not how to revascularize, it is whether and when to revascularize.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torosoff, Mikhail T; Sidhu, Mandeep S; Desai, Karan P; Fein, Steven A; Boden, William E

    2015-09-01

    Patients with acute coronary syndromes and severe multivessel or left main coronary artery disease have better outcomes when prompt revascularization is performed in addition to optimal medical therapy (OMT). However, in patients with stable ischemic heart disease, randomized strategy trials have revealed equipoise between initial strategies of OMT alone and OMT plus revascularization. Conducted in diverse stable ischemic heart disease patient populations and throughout the spectrum of atherosclerotic and ischemic burden, the RITA-2, MASS II, COURAGE, BARI 2D and FAME 2 trials demonstrate that OMT alone and OMT plus revascularization yield similar outcomes with respect to mortality and myocardial infarction. What remains unclear is whether there may be one or more subsets of patients with stable ischemic heart disease in whom revascularization may be associated with a reduction in mortality or myocardial infarction, which is to be addressed in the ongoing ISCHEMIA trial.

  2. Surgical revascularization for premature coronary artery disease in second and third decade of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reddy, SriKrishna Modugula; Byrapaneni, Ramesh Babu; Rangappa, ChandraMohan; Gouni, Uday Kumar; Vakati, Chakravarthy; Suryavanshi, Satish; Kola, Prabhakar Reddy

    2017-01-01

    Coronary artery bypass grafting surgery may be needed in children and young adults for significant premature coronary artery occlusive disease. We report a case series of seven patients who underwent surgical revascularization in their second and third decade of life for significant multivessel coronary artery occlusive disease due to unusual causes.

  3. One-year results of total arterial revascularization vs. conventional coronary surgery: CARRPO trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgaard, Sune; Wetterslev, Jørn; Lund, Jens T

    2009-01-01

    AIMS: To investigate clinical and angiographic outcomes after coronary surgery using total arterial revascularization (TAR). METHODS AND RESULTS: We randomized 331 patients with multivessel or isolated left main disease to TAR [internal thoracic (ITA) and radial arteries] vs. conventional...

  4. Total Arterial Revascularization: Bypassing Antiquated Notions to Better Alternatives for Coronary Artery Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samak, Mostafa; Fatullayev, Javid; Sabashnikov, Anton; Zeriouh, Mohamed; Schmack, Bastian; Ruhparwar, Arjang; Karck, Matthias; Popov, Aron-Frederik; Dohmen, Pascal M.; Weymann, Alexander

    2016-01-01

    Total arterial revascularization is the leading trend in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for the treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD). Adding to its superiority to vein conduits, arteries allow for a high degree of versatility and long-term patency, while minimizing the need for reintervention. This is especially important for patients with multi-vessel coronary artery disease, as well as young patients. However, arterial revascularization has come a long way before being widely appreciated, with some yet unresolved debates, and advances that never cease to impress. In this review, we discuss the evolution of this surgical technique and its clinical success, as well as its most conspicuous limitations in light of accumulated published date from decades of experience. PMID:27698339

  5. Association of arterial stiffness with coronary flow reserve in revascularized coronary artery disease patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Vlassis Tritakis; Stavros Tzortzis; Ignatios Ikonomidis; Kleanthi Dima; Georgios Pavlidis; Paraskevi Trivilou; Ioannis Paraskevaidis; Giorgos Katsimaglis; John Parissis; John Lekakis

    2016-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the association of arterial wave reflection with coronary flow reserve(CFR) in coronary artery disease(CAD) patients after successful revascularization.METHODS: We assessed 70 patients with angiographically documented CAD who had undergone recent successful revascularization. We measured(1) reactive hyperemia index(RHI) using fingertip peripheral arterial tonometry(RH-PAT Endo-PAT);(2) carotid to femoral pulse wave velocity(PWVc-Complior);(3) augmentation index(AIx), the diastolic area(DAI%) and diastolic reflection area(DRA) of the central aortic pulse wave(Arteriograph);(4) CFR using Doppler echocardiography; and(5) blood levels of lipoprotein-phospholipase A2(LpPLA2).RESULTS: After adjustment for age, sex, blood pressure parameter, lipidemic, diabetic and smoking status, we found that coronary flow reserve was independently related to AIx(b =-0.38, r = 0.009), DAI(b = 0.36, P = 0.014), DRA(b = 0.39, P = 0.005) and RT(b =-0.29,P = 0.026). Additionally, patients with CFR < 2.5 had higher PWVc(11.6 ± 2.3 vs 10.2 ± 1.4 m/s, P = 0.019), SBPc(139.1 ± 17.8 vs 125.2 ± 19.1 mm Hg, P = 0.026), AIx(38.2% ± 14.8% vs 29.4% ± 15.1%, P = 0.011) and lower RHI(1.26 ± 0.28 vs 1.50 ± 0.46, P = 0.012), DAI(44.3% ± 7.9% vs 53.9% ± 6.7%, P = 0.008), DRA(42.2 ± 9.6 vs 51.6 ± 11.4, P = 0.012) and Lp PLA2(268.1 ± 91.9 vs 199.5 ± 78.4 ng/m L, P = 0.002) compared with those with CFR ≥ 2.5. Elevated Lp PLA2 was related with reduced CFR(r =-0.33, P = 0.001), RHI(r =-0.37, P < 0.001) and DRA(r =-0.35, P = 0.001) as well as increased PWVc(r = 0.34, P = 0.012) and AIx(r = 0.34, P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Abnormal arterial wave reflections are related with impaired coronary flow reserve despite successful revascularization in CAD patients. There is a common inflammatory link between impaired aortic wall properties, endothelial dysfunction and coronary flow impairment in CAD.

  6. Comparably improved health-related quality of life after total arterial revascularization versus conventional coronary surgery--Copenhagen arterial revascularization randomized patency and outcome trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgaard, Sune; Lund, Jens T; Lilleør, Nikolaj B

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: We compared health-related quality of life up to 11 months after coronary artery bypass grafting using total arterial revascularization versus conventional coronary surgery. METHODS: In this randomized single-center trial, 161 patients underwent total arterial revascularization using.......01). For total arterial revascularization, there were also not statistically significant improvements for 'physical component summary' (P=0.09), 'bodily pain' (P=0.07) and 'vitality' (P=0.08). CONCLUSION: Health-related quality of life up to 1 year after total arterial revascularization is equal or slightly...... of the general Danish population. On all scales of the SF-36, there was statistically significant improvement at 3 and 11 months in both groups. For 'social functioning', the improvement following total arterial revascularization was significantly higher than following conventional revascularization (P=0...

  7. Coronary artery bypass grafting versus percutaneous intervention in coronary revascularization: a historical perspective and review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burgess SN

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Sonya N Burgess,1 John J Edmond,2 Craig P Juergens,1 John K French11Department of Cardiology, Liverpool Hospital and South Western Sydney Clinical School, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia; 2Department of Cardiology, Dunedin Public Hospital, Dunedin, New Zealand Background: Coronary artery bypass graft surgery is arguably the most intensively studied surgical procedure, and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI has been subjected to more randomized clinical trials than any other interventional procedure. Changes seen in revascularization techniques have been numerous. The rapid evolution of evidence-based revascularization procedures has occurred as a result of many pivotal large randomized clinical trials. Objective: This review compares and contrasts outcomes from two coronary revascularization techniques, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG and PCI, with particular reference to the landmark trials that inform practice guidelines. Methods: We undertook a comprehensive review of published literature addressing trials in this field performed to address current knowledge both in the predrug-eluting stent and postdrug-eluting stent era. Results and discussion: Surgical and percutaneous revascularization strategies have different strengths and weaknesses, and neither strategy is superior in all patients, clinical presentations, or anatomical subgroups. Current data support the use of percutaneous intervention in ST elevation myocardial infarction and in single-vessel disease. In noncomplex multivessel disease and isolated left main stem PCI, the data support non-inferiority of PCI compared to CABG as reflected in the 2014 European Society of Cardiology guidelines. Landmark revascularization trials of multivessel disease comparing CABG to PCI found no survival benefit to CABG over PCI, except in patients with complex disease. In these trials, revascularization drove differences in primary endpoints and in all but the

  8. Improved myocardial perfusion after transmyocardial laser revascularization in a patient with microvascular coronary artery disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peyman Mesbah Oskui

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available We report the case of a 59-year-old woman who presented with symptoms of angina that was refractory to medical management. Although her cardiac catheterization revealed microvascular coronary artery disease, her symptoms were refractory to optimal medical management that included ranolazine. After undergoing transmyocardial revascularization, her myocardial ischemia completely resolved and her symptoms dramatically improved. This case suggests that combination of ranolazine and transmyocardial revascularization can be applied to patients with microvascular coronary artery disease.

  9. Coronary bypass revascularization with radial artery and internal mammary artery grafts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甄文俊; 佟宏峰; 王永忠; 孙耀光; 黄文; 马玉健; 田家政; 吴良洪

    2002-01-01

    Objective To evaluate radial artery (RA) and internal mammary artery (IMA) grafts in coronary artery bypass and the use of color Doppler ultrasound in the peri-operative evaluation of IMA and radial-ulnar collateral circulation.Methods From June 1998 to June 2000, sixty cases of coronary bypass revascularization with RA and IMA were performed. Preoperatively, the radial-ulnar collateral circulation was evaluated with the modified Allen's test, color Doppler ultrasound and noninvasive oxygen saturation measurement. The IMA lumen and blood flow were measured at the first intercostal space with color Doppler ultrasound preoperatively and postoperatively.Results One patient (1.7%) died of serious cardiac arrhythmia on the fourth postoperative day. There were no arterial graft harvest related complications. Before harvesting, the ulnar artery blood flow was 30.78±9.71?ml/min, and it increased to 43.36±13.98?ml/min (40.87% increase, P0.05), but the systolic/diastolic flow ratio markedly decreased from 8.57±3.98?ml/min to 3.41±4.87?ml/min (P<0.01).Conclusions Arterial grafts can be safely used for coronary bypass revascularization with good results. The ulnar artery blood flow can increase compensatively after RA harvesting. The diastolic blood flow of grafted IMA markedly increased postoperatively. Color Doppler ultrasound was very helpful both in evaluating the radial-ulnar collateral circulation before RA harvesting and in assessing the patency of the grafted IMA after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).

  10. Off - Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: A Safe Method For Complete Revascularization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirkhani S. H

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available In recent years off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB has emerged as preferred method for revascularization of coronary arteries in relatively selected group of patients. Considering patients receiving incomplete revascularization need significantly higher postoperative catheterization and re-intervention (PTCA or CABG, we performed this study to identify safety and feasibility of this technique for total revascularization in nearly all patients requiring coronary artery graft surgery."nMaterials and Methods: In this study, 150 consecutive patients underwent OPCAB by one surgeon. Octopus device used for regional wall stabilization. Vascular control achieved by ethibond loops, occluder, and shunts. Situations such as cardiomegaly, poor ventricular function, advanced age, hemodynamic instability, and small coronary arteries were not considered contraindications to OPCAB."nResults: Of 150 OPCAB cases, 146 (97.3 percent were completely off-pump. The mean number of grafts per patient was 4.1 (range, 2 to 6. Total 595 distal grafts anastomosed to LAD (140 diagonals (140, right coronary artery (145, left circumflex (164. Thirty-day mortality and myocardial infarction were 0.6 percent and 3.3 percent respectively OPCAB patient experienced lesser postoperative bleeding had shorter stay at surgical intensive care unit and extubated earlier. Conduits used were left internal mammary artery, radial artery and greater saphenous vein."nConclusion: OPCAB is a safe method for complete revascularization in nearly all patients. The OPCAB patients experience less complications, have shorter hospital stay, absolute contraindication for OPCAB other than severe, diffuse coronary artery disease with poor run-off which is better treated by cardiopulmonary bypass.

  11. Impact of myocardial perfusion imaging on in-hospital coronary angiography and revascularization of patients with suspected coronary artery disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAN Ping-ping; HE Zuo-xiang; TIAN Yue-qin; FANG Wei; YANG Min-fu; ZHANG Xiao-li; SHEN Rui; SUN Xiao-xin; QIAO Shu-bin; YANG Yue-jin

    2011-01-01

    Background Noninvasive cardiac imaging is now central to the diagnosis and management of patients with moderate probability for coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of stress myocardial perfusion single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) on in-hospital coronary angiography and revascularization for such patients.Methods Between January 2005 and June 2007, 1053 consecutive in-hospital patients (423 women, the average age of (57.2±11.2) years) with suspected coronary artery disease but without any prior interventional treatment were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent a 2-day stress/rest 99m Tc-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI) myocardial perfusion SPECT, including 984 exercise test and 69 adenosine test.Results Overall, stress/rest myocardial perfusion SPECT was normal in 973 patients (92.4%) and abnormal in 80 patients (7.6%). A total of 190 patients underwent coronary angiography, 46 underwent percutaneous coronary intervention and 10 coronary artery bypass grafting during hospitalization. From the whole perspective, only 14.7% of patients with normal SPECT underwent coronary angiography, so did 58.8% of patients with abnormal SPECT (x2=97.0,P<0.001); furthermore, the rates of revascularization in patients with normal and abnormal SPECT were 2.8% and 36.3%,respectively (27 out of 973 vs. 29 out of 80, x2=157.9, P<0.001). The extent and severity of ischemia did not add more predictive value for subsequent coronary angiography, but did have impact on revascularization. Multivariate analysis showed that reversible perfusion defect was the most predictive variable for referral rate to coronary angiography (odds ratio=7.5, P<0.001).Conclusions Abnormal myocardial perfusion SPECT is a powerful referral for in-hospital coronary angiography and revascularization during the same hospitalization. Thus, stress/rest SPECT is an effective gatekeeper for early coronary angiography and invasive treatment for

  12. [Clinical decision making in left main coronary artery disease revascularization: the past, present and future].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dipasqua, Fabio; Capodanno, Davide; Tamburino, Corrado

    2012-03-01

    Left main coronary artery disease revascularization is one of the most debated topics in the setting of interventional cardiology. Although the gold standard therapy for left main disease is coronary artery bypass grafting, growing evidences suggest similar outcomes for percutaneous coronary intervention compared to cardiac surgery. The decision-making process aimed at selecting the best treatment option is a complex task requiring advanced expertise, Heart Team discussion, and risk stratification. The aim of this review is to provide an updated overview of treatment options for left main revascularization, highlighting current indications based on the latest international guidelines, reviewing the most important risk stratification systems with a glimpse to further clinical development in the field.

  13. Serum YKL-40 for monitoring myocardial ischemia after revascularization in patients with stable coronary artery disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harutyunyan, Marina Jurjevna; Johansen, Julia S; Mygind, Naja D

    2014-01-01

    AIM: The aim was to investigate the inflammatory biomarker YKL-40 as a monitor of myocardial ischemia in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: A total of 311 patients with stable CAD were included. Blood samples were taken at baseline, the day after coronary angiography and/or after...... percutaneous coronary intervention and after 6 months. RESULTS: A total of 148 (48%) patients were revascularized and 163 patients underwent only coronary angiography. In the entire population, serum YKL-40 increased significantly from baseline to 6 months (p = 0.05). This tendency was seen...... in nonrevascularized patients (p = 0.06), but not in revascularized patients (p = 0.46). Serum YKL-40 increased approximately 25% the day after the invasive procedure (p Serum YKL-40 is a potential promising biomarker...

  14. [Ischemic burden vs. coronary artery morphology : What is crucial for the indication of revascularization?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heber, D; Hacker, M

    2016-08-01

    Ischemic heart disease still represents the leading cause of death in the western world despite a decrease of mortality in the last decade. For the diagnostics of coronary artery morphology, invasive coronary angiography represents the gold standard. Nevertheless, in recent years the importance of functional diagnostics of the coronary arteries has increased and various imaging procedures for the measurement of fractional flow reserve (FFR) during coronary angiography were established and recommended for ischemia testing in the actual guidelines on myocardial revascularization.Imaging modalities for diagnostics of the functional relevance of coronary artery disease include stress echocardiography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), and positron emission tomography (PET). These procedures enable advanced risk stratification and therapy guiding in patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease. In future algorithms, hybrid imaging may facilitate the determination of anatomical and functional aspects after only one investigation.In the present article, the role of ischemia testing is compared with morphological methods for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease, individual risk stratification, and therapy guiding.

  15. Role of radial artery in total arterial myocardial revascularization in coronary bypass surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Background Total arterial revascularization (TAR) was widely utilized in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) as a result of its better long-term effect compared with vein grafts.Of the arterial conduits,radial artery (RA) gained popularity for its easy availability and reported long-term patency.Thus,the objective of this study was to investigate the effect of RA in TAR in CABG.Methods From January 2000 to December 2006,85 patients (56 male and 29 female) at a mean age of 57.0±5.2 years,underwent TAR in CABG RA and left internal mammary artery (LIMA) with composite Y or T and seauential grafting techniques were used.Post-operative complications were recorded and follow-up was performed.Results Eighty-five LIMA and 149 RA grafts including 21 single and 64 bilateral RA were collected.A total of 87 distal anastomoses were done with the LIMA and another 152 were done with the RA,with the mean number of diStal anastOmosis per patient of 2.81±0.47.The proximal RA ends were anastomsed directly to the aorta in 140 grafts with Y or T graft off in situ LIMA in 9,Yor T graft off Rain 9.The distal end was anastomsed to right coronary artery system in 92,to Obtuse margma in 46,to diagonal in 19 and to ramous intermedius in 5.Nine sequential anastomoses were Derformed with RA.Nine composite Y or T grafts were constructed with RA and LIMA while another 9 were constructed with RA and RA.One (1.2%) patient died,3 patients (3.5%) experienced acute renal failure and 2 (2.4%) developed stroke.All patienfs were still alive and no patient had evidences of newly occurred myocardial infarction or angina after a mean tollow-up of 36.5±4.1 months (6-67 months).Postoperatively at 6 month,mean left ventricular ejective fraction was increased to 0.49±0.09,compared with that of 0.43±0.11 preoperatively (P=0.027).Postoperative mean New York Heart Association class was 2.5±0.5,compared with that of 3.0±0.4 preoperatively (P=0.003).Conclusions TAR with arterial conduits of which RA was

  16. Multiple arterial grafting for coronary revascularization: "A guide for the perplexed".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurlansky, Paul

    2016-10-01

    The surgical literature abounds with articles extolling the benefits of arterial grafting for patients with advanced coronary artery disease in need of surgical revascularization. However, examination of clinical performance demonstrates that extensive use of arterial grafting is highly selective and generally uncommon. Rather than to merely repeat multiple excellent recent literature reviews, the goal herein is to provide the reader with a guide to the evaluation of the current literature as well as to suggest fruitful areas for further research. More circumspect understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of our current knowledge base will not only help to explain the current apparent disparity between theory and practice but will hopefully inform future decision-making and patient care. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Revascularization using satellite vein after radial artery harvested for coronary artery bypass grafting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gon, Shigeyoshi; Yoshida, Shigehiko; Sanae, Tsutomu; Takahashi, Tamami; Inada, Eiichi

    2006-06-01

    The radial artery has been increasingly used for coronary artery bypass grafting and has excellent long-term patency rates. Hand claudication is one of the adverse effects after radial artery harvest. We reconstructed a radial artery using the satellite vein to prevent hand claudication. Pulsating blood flow at 35 cm/sec was evaluated using color Doppler echocardiography three months after surgery. This method makes it possible to use a radial artery in patients with a positive Allen test.

  18. Correlation between coronary artery calcification and the need for revascularization in patients with no previous diagnosis of arterial coronary disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prazeres, Carlos Eduardo Elias dos; Cury, Roberto Caldeira; Bello, Juliana Hiromi Silva Matsumoto [Instituto do Coracao (InCor/FM/USP), Sao paulo, SP (Brazil); Magalhaes, Tiago Augusto [Hospital Pro-Cardiaco, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Moreira, Valeria de Melo; Carlos Eduardo Rochitte, E-mail: rochitte@gmail.com, E-mail: crochitte@hcor.com.br [Hospital do Coracao (HCOR), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2012-10-15

    Introduction: about half of deaths from coronary heart disease (CHD) are not preceded by cardiac symptoms or previous diagnosis. Quantification of coronary artery calcification (CAC) by computed tomography is a strong predictor of events and improves the stratification the Framingham Risk Score. Objective: to evaluate the ability of the calcium score to predict the necessity invasive treatment (bypass (CABG) or intervention coronary percutaneous (ICP)) with no previous CAD. Method: retrospective study in pts without prior CAD and with quantification of CAC during 2009. The CAC was obtained in 64 multislice CT without contrast, with synchronized ECG acquisition, 120kV, 80-100mA, radiation <1mSv, and measured by the Agatston calcium score (CS) (threshold of 130 HU). Mean, median, and diagnostic tests were used. Results: We evaluated 263 pts (171 men), 59±13 years, BMI = 27.7 kg/m2, and mean follow up of 18±3 months. The total CS was 199.5±24.39. In patients with diabetes (DM), the CS was 320.5±67.56 and 166±24.47 in non-DM. The 23 patients who underwent invasive treatment had an average CS of 692 ± 72.3 versus 134.7 ± 21.35 in patients not treated (p <0.001). Of the 47 pts with CS ≥ 400, 17 were treated (CABG or ICP). Of the 216 pts with CS <400, 6 underwent treatment. Of the treated pts, 15 without diabetes had average CS 672.7 ± 92.04 versus 728.3 ± 11 of DM (8pts). In pts without DM who not underwent invasive treatment (191 pts), only 18 pts had SC ≥ 400. Conclusion: CS ≥ 400 was a strong predictor of revascularization (CABG or ICP) with good diagnostic performance in patients without prior diagnosis of CAD in the following 18 months. (author)

  19. Efficacy of post-operative clopidogrel treatment in patients revascularized with coronary artery bypass grafting after myocardial infarction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Rikke; Abildstrøm, Steen Z; Hansen, Peter R

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the clinical efficacy of clopidogrel treatment on death and recurrent myocardial infarction (MI) among MI patients revascularized by coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). BACKGROUND: The benefit from post-operative clopidogrel in CABG-...

  20. First reported revascularization of complex occlusion of the right coronary artery using the IVUS-guided reverse CART technique via a gastroepiploic artery graft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dai, Jian; Katoh, Osamu; Zhou, Hua; Kyo, Eisho

    2016-02-01

    When patients who have previously undergone coronary artery bypass graft surgery develop ischemia symptoms that cannot be controlled by optimal medical therapy, repeat revascularization is indicated. The revascularization strategy should be based on individual clinical and anatomical characteristics. We report here a challenging patient who presented with recurrent stable angina due to worsening of a proximal right coronary artery (RCA) stenosis to chronic total occlusion (CTO) after anastomosis of the right gastroepiploic artery (GEA) to the posterior descending artery. A soft guidewire was advanced through the right GEA collateral channel to the distal end of the CTO, but the dedicated CTO guidewires could not be advanced across the severely calcified CTO using the retrograde wire crossing or kissing wire techniques. The RCA was eventually revascularized by implantation of drug-eluting stents using the intravascular ultrasound-guided reverse controlled antegrade and retrograde subintimal tracking technique.

  1. Pharmacological treatment and perceived health status during 1-year follow up in patients diagnosed with coronary artery disease, but ineligible for revascularization. Results from the Euro Heart Survey on Coronary Revascularization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lenzen, M.; Scholte op Reimer, W.; Norekval, T.M.; De Geest, S.; Fridlund, B.; Heikkila, J.; Jaarsma, Trijntje (Tiny); Martensson, J.; Moons, P.; Smith, K; Stewart, S.; Stromberg, A; Thompson, D.R.; Wijns, W.

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: It has been recognized that a clinically significant portion of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) continue to experience anginal and other related symptoms that are refractory to the combination of medical therapy and revascularization. The Euro Heart Survey on Revascularizatio

  2. Comparable three months' outcome of total arterial revascularization versus conventional coronary surgery: Copenhagen Arterial Revascularization Randomized Patency and Outcome trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgaard, S.; Lund, J.T.; Lilleor, N.B.;

    2008-01-01

    .9 in the conventional group (P = .004). Three months' follow-up for the arterial versus conventional groups showed the following: deaths: 1 (0.6%) versus 0; stroke: 3 (1.9%) versus 3 (1.8%); myocardial infarction: 6 (3.7%) versus 4 (2.4%); sternal wound reoperation: 4 (2.5%) versus 0 (P = .054); arm and leg wound...

  3. Coronary revascularization in ischemic heart disease: lessons from observational studies and randomized clinical trials

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    N.F. Mercado (Nestor)

    2003-01-01

    textabstractThis thesis presents an overview of clinical trials and observational studies on coronary revascularization and evaluates the results obtained with revascularization in different subsets of patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

  4. [CARDIOREABILITATION PECULIARITIES AND CORRECTION OF VIOLATIONS OF SISTOLIC, DIASOLIC FUNCTION AND HEART RATE VARIABILITY IN PATIENTS WITH ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME AND CORONARY ARTERY REVASCULARIZATION].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shved, M; Tsuglevych, L; Kyrychok, I; Levytska, L; Boiko, T; Kitsak, Ya

    2017-04-01

    In patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) who underwent coronary arteries revascularization, violations of hemodynamics, metabolism and heart rate variability often develop in the postoperative period, therefore, the goal of the study was to establish the features of disturbances and the effectiveness of correction of left ventricular systolic and diastolic dysfunction and heart rate variability in stages of cardiorehabilitation in patients with acute coronary syndrome who underwent coronary arteries revascularization. The experimental group included 40 patients with ACS in the postoperative period who underwent balloon angioplasty and stenting of the coronary arteries (25 patients with ST-segment elevation ACS and 15 patients without ST-segment elevation ACS). The age of examined patients was 37 to 74 years, an average of 52.6±6.7 years. The control group consisted of 20 patients, comparable in age and clinico-laboratory manifestations of ACS, who underwent drug treatment with direct anticoagulants, double antiplatelet therapy, β-blockers, ACE inhibitors and statins. Clinical efficacy of cardiorespiratory process in patients of both groups was assessed by the dynamics of general clinical symptoms and parameters of natriuretic propeptide, systolic and diastolic function of the left ventricle and heart rate variability. In the initial state, clinical and laboratory-instrumental signs of myocardial ischemia disappear in patients with ACS undergoing surgical revascularization of the coronary arteries, but clinical and subclinical manifestations of heart failure were diagnosed. The use of the accelerated program of cardiac rehabilitation already during the first month of studies leads to a decreasement of the signs of systolic and diastolic dysfunction, the level of NT-proBNP and improve in the variability of the heart rhythm wich significantly improves the life quality of patients with ACS. To monitor the effectiveness and safety of cardiac rehabilitation in

  5. Usefulness of preoperative coronary angiography and brain computed tomography in cases of coronary artery disease and cerebrovascular disease undergoing revascularization for arteriosclerosis obliterans

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sakurada, Tall; Shibata, Yoshiki [Southern Tohoku Fukushima Hospital (Japan)

    2003-05-01

    Coronary angiography and brain computed tomography were preoperatively performed to evaluate the clinical condition of coronary artery disease and cerebrovascular disease in 101 patients (mean age, 68.4 years) with revascularization for arteriosclerosis obliterans. Eighty patients had hypertension, 12 had diabetes, and 26 had hyperlipidemia. Seventy-one patients (70.3%) had coronary stenosis. Significant stenoses in major coronary artery branches were confirmed in 35 patients, including 13 patients with old myocardial infarction. Coronary artery bypass grafting and percutaneous coronary angioplasty were performed in 2 and 7 patients with critical stenosis, respectively. Of 57 patients, who underwent brain computed tomography, abnormalities were found in 52 patients (91.2%), including cortical infarction in 9, lacunar infarction in 35, and leukoaraiosis in 27 patients. During the follow-up period 13 patients died (including 3 cases of myocardial infarction and 3 cases of stroke). Actuarial survival rate at 5 years was 80.4%. The influence of ischemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease on early and late mortality after surgical reconstruction for peripheral occlusive vascular disease is significant. Using visual diagnostic techniques, such as coronary angiography and brain computed tomography, long term survivor should be closely observed for multiple arteriosclerotic vascular diseases. (author)

  6. Technetium stannous pyrophosphate myocardial scintigrams in the recognition of myocardial infarction in patients undergoing coronary artery revascularization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Platt, M.R.; Parkey, R.W.; Willerson, J.T.; Bonte, F.J.; Shapiro, W.; Sugg, W.L.

    1976-04-01

    Myocardial imaging using technetium 99m stannous pyrophosphate (/sup 99m/Tc-PYP) has been utilized preoperatively and three to five days postoperatively to detect myocardial infarction in 48 patients undergoing aortocoronary bypass grafting, including 7 having valve replacement (5 aortic, 2 mitral) in addition to revascularization. In the total group of patients operated on there were 3 deaths (6%). Preoperatively, 26 patients had unstable angina and 10 had severe left main coronary artery disease. Eleven of the 48 (23%) were women. ECG and enzyme-proved infarctions occurred in 6 of the 48 patients (12%), but the addition of /sup 99m/Tc-PYP myocardial imaging demonstrated scintigraphic evidence of infarction in 15 patients (31%), including 2 who died in the operating room. The /sup 99m/Tc-PYP myocardial imaging technique, which has proved safe, simple, and relatively inexpensive in these patients, suggests that the incidence of infarction after coronary bypass operations is somewhat higher than has been previously recognized from just ECG and enzyme changes. This technique also has been of value in helping to exclude myocardial infarction in difficult clinical situations such as postoperative arrhythmias and the postpericardiotomy syndrome.

  7. Assessment of myocardial perfusion by positron emission tomography in patients with end-stage coronary artery disease treated with percutaneous myocardial revascularization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Marcus Wiemer; Johannes Peter Wielepp; Oliver Lindner; Wolfgang Burchert; Christoph Langer; Dieter Horstkotte; Thomas Butz

    2009-01-01

    Background Reportedly, patients with persistent refractory angina due to end-stage coronary artery disease (CAD) not amenable to traditional revascularization techniques have experienced symptomatic relief following laser revascularization, either surgical transmyocardial revascularization (TMR) or percutaneous myocardial revascularization (PMR). In spite of several hypotheses (i.e., channel patency, placebo effect, denervation, neoangiogenesis), the mechanism of action and the benefit remains controversial.Methods A prospective trial utilizing positron emission tomography (PET) was conducted as an attempt to correlate quantified myocardial blood flow (MBF) to clinical improvement following PMR. Thirteen consecutive patients with angina class >Ⅱ in spite of maximal medical treatment underwent PMR with a holmium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Ho:YAG) laser.MBF at rest and under hyperemia was assessed by [~(13)N]ammonia PET at baseline, 3 and 6 months following PMR.Results Mean angina class and exercise tolerance time improved at 6 months compared with baseline (P<0.001). The clinical results were accompanied with an improvement in hyperemic MBF (P=0.05) and a reduction in minimal coronary resistance (MCR; P<0.05) in PMR-treated segments. Opposite effects, reduced hyperemic MBF and increased MCR,were observed in nontreated segments. The increase in MCR in nontreated segments revealed the favorable therapeutic impact achieved in PMR-treated segments.Conclusion The results of this trial utilizing a quantitative technique to quantify myocardial perfusion link clinical improvement post-PMR to neoangiogenesis and consistently improved microcirculation.

  8. Using a Markov simulation model to assess the impact of changing trends in coronary heart disease incidence on requirements for coronary artery revascularization procedures in Western Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Knuiman Matthew

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The population incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD has been declining in Australia and many other countries. This decline has been due to reduced population levels of risk factors for CHD and improved medical care for those at higher risk of CHD. However, there are signs that there may be a slowing down or even reversal in the decline of CHD incidence due to the 'obesity epidemic' and other factors and this will have implications for the requirements for surgical treatments for those with CHD. Methods Using a validated Markov simulation model applied to the population of Western Australia, different CHD incidence trend scenarios were developed to explore the effect of changing CHD incidence on requirements for coronary artery bypass graft (CABG and percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI, together known as coronary artery revascularization procedures (CARPs. Results The most dominant component of CHD incidence is the risk of CHD hospital admission for those with no history of CHD and if this risk leveled off and the trends in all other risks continued unchanged, then the projected numbers of CABGs and PCIs are only minimally changed. Further, the changes in the projected numbers remained small even when this risk was increased by 20 percent (although it is an unlikely scenario. However, when the other CHD incidence components that had also been declining, namely, the risk of CABG and that of CHD death for those with no history of CHD, were also projected to level off as these were declining in 1998-2000 and the risk of PCI for those with no history of CHD (which was already increasing was projected to further increase by 5 percent, it had a substantial effect on the projected numbers of CARPs. Conclusion There needs to be dramatic changes to several CHD incidence components before it has a substantial impact on the projected requirements for CARPs. Continued monitoring of CHD incidence and also the mix of initial

  9. Outcomes after percutaneous coronary artery revascularization procedures for cardiac allograft vasculopathy in pediatric heart transplant recipients: A multi-institutional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeewa, Aamir; Chin, Clifford; Pahl, Elfriede; Atz, Andrew M; Carboni, Michael P; Pruitt, Elizabeth; Naftel, David C; Rodriguez, Rose; Dipchand, Anne I

    2015-09-01

    Cardiac allograft vasculopathy is an important cause of long-term graft loss. In adults, percutaneous revascularization procedures (PRPs) have variable success with high restenosis rates and little impact on graft survival. Limited data exist in pediatric recipients of transplants. Data from the Pediatric Heart Transplant Study (PHTS) were used to explore associations between PRPs and outcomes after heart transplant in patients listed ≤18 years old who received a first heart transplant between 1993 and 2009. Revascularization procedures were done in 28 of 3,156 (0.9%) patients; 13 patients had multiple PRPs giving a total of 51 PRPs performed across 15 centers. Mean recipient age at time of transplant was 7.7 ± 6.7 years; mean donor age was 15.9 ± 15.4 years. The mean time to first PRP was 5.7 ± 3.2 years. Vessels involved were left anterior descending artery (41%), right coronary artery (25%), circumflex artery (18%), other coronary branches/unknown (16%). PRPs consisted of 38 (75%) stent implantations and 13 (25%) balloon angioplasties with an overall procedural success rate of 73%. Freedom from graft loss after PRPs was 89%, 75%, and 61% at 1, 3, and 12 months. In addition, patients with transplants from donors >30 years old were found to have less freedom from the need for a revascularization procedure than patients with transplants from younger donors (p < 0.0001). In this large pediatric heart transplant cohort, use of PRPs for cardiac allograft vasculopathy was rare, likely related to procedural feasibility of the interventions. Despite technically successful interventions, graft loss occurred in 39% within 1 year post-procedure; relisting for heart transplant should be considered. Copyright © 2015 International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Coronary stenting: A matter of revascularization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonaventura, Aldo; Montecucco, Fabrizio; Liberale, Luca

    2017-03-26

    In the last few decades, the recommended treatment for coronary artery disease has been dramatically improved by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and the use of balloon catheters, bare metal stents (BMSs), and drug-eluting stents (DESs). Catheter balloons were burdened by acute vessel occlusion or target-lesion re-stenosis. BMSs greatly reduced those problems holding up the vessel structure, but showed high rates of in-stent re-stenosis, which is characterized by neo-intimal hyperplasia and vessel remodeling leading to a re-narrowing of the vessel diameter. This challenge was overtaken by first-generation DESs, which reduced re-stenosis rates to nearly 5%, but demonstrated delayed arterial healing and risk for late in-stent thrombosis, with inflammatory cells playing a pivotal role. Finally, new-generation DESs, characterized by innovations in design, metal composition, surface polymers, and anti-proliferative drugs, finally reduced the risk for stent thrombosis and greatly improved revascularization outcomes. New advances include bioresorbable stents potentially changing the future of revascularization techniques as the concept bases upon the degradation of the stent scaffold to inert particles after its function expired, thus theoretically eliminating risks linked with both stent thrombosis and re-stenosis. Talking about DESs also dictates to consider dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT), which is a fundamental moment in view of the good outcome duration, but also deals with bleeding complications. The better management of patients undergoing PCI should include the use of DESs and a DAPT finely tailored in consideration of the potentially developing bleeding risk in accordance with the indications from last updated guidelines.

  11. Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting versus optimal medical therapy alone:effectiveness of incomplete revascularization in high risk patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Filippo Prestipino; Cristiano Spadaccio; Antonio Nenna; Fraser WH Sutherland; Gwyn W Beattie; Mario Lusini; Francesco Nappi; Massimo Chello

    2016-01-01

    BackgroundGeriatric patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) are a challenging group to treat; these cases elicit dis-cussion within heart teams regarding the actual benefit of undertaking major surgery on these patients and often lead to abandon the surgical option. Percutaneous procedures represent an important option, but coronary anatomy may be unfavorable. Off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) provides good quality graft on left anterior descending (LAD) without exposing the patient to cardiopulmonary bypass, and might be the ideal choice in patients with multiple comorbidities, not eligible to percutaneous or on-pump procedures. The objective of this study was to compare survival during a mid-term follow-up in high-risk patients with no percutaneous alternative, either treated with OPCAB or discharged in medical therapy.MethodsWe retrospectively evaluated from June 2008 to June 2013, 83 high-risk patients with multivessel CAD were included: 42 were treated with incomplete off-pump revascularization using left internal mammary artery (LIMA) on LAD; 41 were discharged in optimal medical therapy (OMT), having refused surgery. Follow-up ended in March 2015, with a telephonic interview. Primary endpoint was survival from all-cause mortality; secondary endpoints were survival from cardiac-related mortality and freedom from non-fatal major adverse cardiac events (MACEs).ResultsDuring follow up, 11 deaths in OPCAB group and 27 deaths in OMT group occurred. Death was due to cardiac factors in 6 and 15 patients, respectively. MACEs were observed in 6 patients in OPCAB group and in 4 patients in OMT group. With regards to survival from all-cause mortality, patients who underwent OPCAB survived more than those dis-charged in OMT (Log Rank < 0.001), and OMT group carries a propensity score-adjusted hazard ratio of 3.862 (P < 0.001). With regards to survival from cardiac-related events, patients who underwent OPCAB survived more than those discharged in

  12. Coronary artery fistula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congenital heart defect - coronary artery fistula; Birth defect heart - coronary artery fistula ... A coronary artery fistula is often congenital, meaning that it is present at birth. It generally occurs when one of the coronary arteries ...

  13. All-cause mortality benefit of coronary revascularization vs. medical therapy in patients without known coronary artery disease undergoing coronary computed tomographic angiography: results from CONFIRM (COronary CT Angiography EvaluatioN For Clinical Outcomes: An InteRnational Multicenter Registry)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Min, James K.; Berman, Daniel S.; Dunning, Allison; Achenbach, Stephan; Al-Mallah, Mouaz; Budoff, Matthew J.; Cademartiri, Filippo; Callister, Tracy Q.; Chang, Hyuk-Jae; Cheng, Victor; Chinnaiyan, Kavitha; Chow, Benjamin J.W.; Cury, Ricardo; Delago, Augustin; Feuchtner, Gudrun; Hadamitzky, Martin; Hausleiter, Joerg; Kaufmann, Philipp; Karlsberg, Ronald P.; Kim, Yong-Jin; Leipsic, Jonathon; Lin, Fay Y.; Maffei, Erica; Plank, Fabian; Raff, Gilbert; Villines, Todd; Labounty, Troy M.; Shaw, Leslee J.

    2012-01-01

    Aims To date, the therapeutic benefit of revascularization vs. medical therapy for stable individuals undergoing invasive coronary angiography (ICA) based upon coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) findings has not been examined. Methods and results We examined 15 223 patients without known coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing CCTA from eight sites and six countries who were followed for median 2.1 years (interquartile range 1.4–3.3 years) for an endpoint of all-cause mortality. Obstructive CAD by CCTA was defined as a ≥50% luminal diameter stenosis in a major coronary artery. Patients were categorized as having high-risk CAD vs. non-high-risk CAD, with the former including patients with at least obstructive two-vessel CAD with proximal left anterior descending artery involvement, three-vessel CAD, and left main CAD. Death occurred in 185 (1.2%) patients. Patients were categorized into two treatment groups: revascularization (n = 1103; 2.2% mortality) and medical therapy (n = 14 120, 1.1% mortality). To account for non-randomized referral to revascularization, we created a propensity score developed by logistic regression to identify variables that influenced the decision to refer to revascularization. Within this model (C index 0.92, χ2 = 1248, P < 0.0001), obstructive CAD was the most influential factor for referral, followed by an interaction of obstructive CAD with pre-test likelihood of CAD (P = 0.0344). Within CCTA CAD groups, rates of revascularization increased from 3.8% for non-high-risk CAD to 51.2% high-risk CAD. In multivariable models, when compared with medical therapy, revascularization was associated with a survival advantage for patients with high-risk CAD [hazards ratio (HR) 0.38, 95% confidence interval 0.18–0.83], with no difference in survival for patients with non-high-risk CAD (HR 3.24, 95% CI 0.76–13.89) (P-value for interaction = 0.03). Conclusion In an intermediate-term follow-up, coronary revascularization is

  14. Impact of previous percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty and/or stenting revascularization on outcomes after surgical revascularization : insights from the imagine study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chocron, Sidney; Baillot, Richard; Rouleau, Jean Lucien; Warnica, Wayne J.; Block, Pierre; Johnstone, David; Myers, Martin G.; Calciu, Cristina Dana; Nozza, Anna; Martineau, Pierre; van Gilst, Wiek H.

    2008-01-01

    Aim To determine the impact of previous coronary artery revascularization by percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty and/or stenting (PCI) on outcome after subsequent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods and results The ischaemia management with Accupril post-bypass Graft via Inhib

  15. On-pump beating heart coronary revascularization: Is it valid for emergency revascularization?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydin, Ahmet; Erkut, Bilgehan

    2015-01-01

    On-pump beating heart coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) may be considered as an alternative to the conventional on-pump surgery in patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome requiring emergency revascularization. This study reports our clinical experience and early outcomes with the on-pump beating heart coronary surgery on patients with acute coronary syndrome. A retrospective study conducted from August 2009 to October 2015, in a regional training and research hospital in Turkey. A total of 1432 patients underwent isolated CABG at our institution. A total of 316 of these patients underwent the on-pump beating heart procedure without cardioplegic arrest by the same surgeon. The time interval from the onset of acute myocardial infarction to CABG was 10 (2.2) hours. The mean number of grafts was 3.0 (0.6). Hospital mortality was 2.9% (9 patients). Twelve patients had low cardiac output syndromes after surgery. Eight of them had renal dysfunction but none of them needed hemodialysis. The mean intensive care unit stay was 3 (2) days and the mean hospital length of stay was 7 (4) days. We think that the on-pump beating heart revascularization technique can be a good choice for emergency CABG of high-risk patients with a multivessel coronary artery disease.

  16. [Off-pump coronary revascularization. Late survival].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Espinoza, Juan; Camporrontondo, Mariano; Vrancic, Mariano; Piccinini, Fernando; Camou, Juan; Navia, Daniel

    2017-01-01

    Although randomized clinical trials have compared the short-term results of coronary revascularization with on-pump vs. off-pump, the long-term survival effect of off-pump coronary surgery has not been analyzed. The aim of this study was to compare the long-term survival of patients with coronary surgery with off-pump technique. All patients that underwent coronary revascularization from November 1996 to March 2015 were included (n = 4687). We analyzed the long-term survival and the incidence of cardiac events between patients who received off-pump coronary revascularization (n = 3402) against those revascularized with on-pump technique (n = 1285). The primary endpoint was defined as death from any cause. To reduce potential biases, risk-adjusted analysis was performed (propensity score). In-hospital mortality and during follow-up (10 years) for both groups were analyzed. The overall hospital mortality was 3.1%. A statistically significant difference between groups in favor of off-pump surgery was observed (2.3% vs. 5.2%, p < 0.0001). In the survival analysis, off-pump surgery proved to have similar long-term survival as on-pump surgery (off-pump vs. on-pump: 77.9% ± 1.2% vs. 80.2% ± 1.3%, p log rank = 0.361); even in the adjusted survival analysis (84.2% ± 2.9% vs. 80.3% ± 2.4%, p = 0.169). In conclusion, off-pump coronary surgery was associated with lower in-hospital mortality; and it was not associated with increased long-term survival compared with on-pump surgery.

  17. Emergency off-pump coronary artery surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shahzad G Raja; Zulfiqar Haider; Haider Zaman

    2004-01-01

    Background Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting is fast-becoming a procedure of choice for elective revascularization in high-risk patients with multi-vessel coronary artery disease. However, the role of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting for patients with acute coronary syndromes requiring emergency revascularization still requires validation. We present our experience to show the feasibility of off-pump coronary artery surgery as an emergency revascularization technique. Methods From April 2001 to September 2003, emergency (operation within 24 hours after hospitalization) coronary artery bypass grafting without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) was performed in 66 patients with a mean age of (66.9±5.4) years (range 49-72 years). They presented acute coronary syndromes with 38 patients on platelet glycoprotein Ⅱb/Ⅲa receptor antagonists. All patients underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery via sternotomy with the intention of complete coronary revascularization.Results An average of 2.9 grafts per patient were performed and the posterior descending artery and marginal branches of the circumflex artery were grafted in 83.3% of the patients. There were 4 events of intraoperative cardiac instability, precipitated by occlusion of right coronary artery or positioning of a cardiomegaly heart, leading to immediate conversion to CPB. The mortality rate was 3% (2/66). Two patients suffered postoperative stroke while three needed hemofiltration for acute renal failure. Post surgery elective coronary angiography (n=46) showed no significant stenosis.Conclusion Emergency off-pump coronary artery surgery with complete revascularization is feasible in patients with acute coronary syndrome with low morbidity and mortality and excellent early results.

  18. Effect of metabolic syndrome on prognosis and clinical characteristics of revascularization in patients with coronary artery disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Rong; JIA Chang-qi; LIU Xin-min; DONG Jian-zeng; LIU Xiao-hui; CHEN Fang; ZHOU Yu-jie; L(U) Shu-zheng; WU Xue-si; MA Chang-sheng; NIE Shao-ping; L(U) Qiang; KANG Jun-ping; DU Xin; ZHANG Yin; GAO Ying-chun; HE Li-qun

    2006-01-01

    Background People with metabolic syndrome are at higher risk for developing coronary artery disease (CAD).The effect of the metabolic syndrome on outcomes in patients with preexisting CAD has not been well studied.This study was conducted to assess the prevalence, characteristics, in hospital and long term prognosis of CAD with metabolic syndrome and to determine the factors influencing the prognosis of the disease.Methods The DESIRE registry contains data of 3696 patients with CAD between 2001 and 2004. Mean long term followup was (829±373) days. Diagnosis of metabolic syndrome was based on modified International Diabetes Federation (IDF) Worldwide Definition of the Metabolic Syndrome, using body mass index (BMI)instead of waist circumference.Results Of 2596 patients with complete records of height, weight, and so on, 1280 (49.3%) were identified with metabolic syndrome. The patients with metabolic syndrome had higher level of body mass index, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, fasting glucose and disordered blood lipid (all P<0.0001), with higher creatinine [(10.5±4.3) mg/L vs (9.9±2.9) mg/L, P<0.0001] and the number of white blood cells [(7.49±2.86)× 109/L vs (7.19 ± 2.62) × 109/L, P=0.008) compared with those without metabolic syndrome. The patients with metabolic syndrome showed severer coronary angiographic alterations (left main artery and/or ≥2-vessel)(73.6% vs 69.6%, P=0.031). There were no significant differences of major adverse cardiac and cerebral events(MACCE) or mortality in hospital between the two groups. During followup, the ratio of MACCE in CAD with metabolic syndrome patients increased significantly (11.8% vs 10.0%, P=0.044). Fasting blood glucose (≥ 1000mg/L) and triglyceride (TG, ≥ 1500 mg/L) were responsible for most of the increased risk associated with the metabolic syndrome (adjusted OR 1.465, 95% CI 1.037-1.874, P=0.032; OR 1.378, 95% CI 1.014-1.768,P=0.044).Conclusions The prevalence of metabolic

  19. [Ability to Overcome the Thrombocyte Resistance to Acetylsalicylic Acid in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease After Myocardial Revascularization With Coronary Stenting].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pershukov, I V; Ostaschenko, S L; Kuznetsova, T N; Scherbo, S N; Karben, Z A; Sokryukina, E V; Omarov, A A; Ramazanov, D M; Bosak, N V; Shulzhenko, L V; Kalmatov, R K; Batyraliev, T A; Sidorenko, B A

    2016-07-01

    Resistance to acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) in patients with coronary artery disease is a poor predictor for the development of atherothrombotic complications. In 277 patients with coronary artery disease suffered uncomplicated coronary angioplasty with stent implantation, we was estimated arachidon-induced platelet aggregation during treatment with acetylsalicylic acid by bedside VerifyNow Assay test at 28-90 days after the intervention. It was found that 18.9% of the 144 patients receiving a combination of ASA 75 mg with 15.2 mg of magnesium hydroxide had true (laboratory) resistance to ASA. At the same time on the original enteric coated ASA 100 mg, we can found only 0.8% resistance to ASA among 129 patients. We made switch from combination of ASA 75 mg with 15.2 mg of magnesium hydroxide to original enteric coated ASA 100 mg and repeat VerifyNow Assay test at 2-4 days and found lost of resistance in 92% of 28 patients. Thus, resistance to the ASA is not constant, it depends on the form and the applied dose of ASA, and eliminating more than 92% when ASA changes from ineffective to effective form.

  20. Validation of the SYNTAX revascularization index to quantify reasonable level of incomplete revascularization after percutaneous coronary intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Généreux, Philippe; Campos, Carlos M; Farooq, Vasim; Bourantas, Christos V; Mohr, Friedrich W; Colombo, Antonio; Morel, Marie-Angèle; Feldman, Ted E; Holmes, David R; Mack, Michael J; Morice, Marie-Claude; Kappetein, A Pieter; Palmerini, Tullio; Stone, Gregg W; Serruys, Patrick W

    2015-07-15

    Incomplete revascularization is common after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Whether a "reasonable" degree of incomplete revascularization is associated with a similar favorable long-term prognosis compared with complete revascularization remains unknown. We sought to quantify the proportion of coronary artery disease burden treated by PCI and evaluate its impact on outcomes using a new prognostic instrument-the Synergy Between PCI with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) Revascularization Index (SRI). The baseline SYNTAX score (bSS), the residual SYNTAX score, and the delta SYNTAX score (ΔSS) were determined from 888 angiograms of patients enrolled in the prospective SYNTAX trial. The SRI was then calculated for each patient using the following formula: SRI = (ΔSS/bSS]) × 100. Outcomes were examined according to the proportion of revascularized myocardium (SRI = 100% [complete revascularization], 50% to SYNTAX score was 4.5 ± 6.9. The mean SRI was 85.3 ± 21.2% and was 100% in 385 patients (43.5%), <100% to 50% in 454 patients (51.1%), and <50% in 48 patients (5.4%). Five-year adverse outcomes, including death, were inversely proportional to the SRI. An SRI cutoff of <70% (present in 142 patients [16.0%] after PCI) had the best prognostic accuracy for prediction of death and, by multivariable analysis, was an independent predictor of 5-year mortality (hazard ratio [HR] 4.13, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.79 to 6.11, p <0.0001). In conclusion, the SRI is a newly described method for quantifying the proportion of coronary artery disease burden treated by PCI. The SRI is a useful tool in assessing the degree of revascularization after PCI, with SRI ≥70% representing a "reasonable" goal for patients with complex coronary artery disease.

  1. Ectopic Origin of Coronary Arteries Diagnozed by Coronary Angiography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krasniqi, Xhevdet; Gorani, Daut; Sejdiu, Basri; Citaku, Hajdin

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Anomalous origin of coronary arteries from opposite sinus of Valsalva is rare finding. The incidence of anomalous origination of the left coronary artery from right sinus is 0.15% and the right coronary artery from the left sinus is 0.92%. The ectopic origin of left coronary artery or right coronary artery from opposite sinus depending on pathways and considering atherosclerotic changes are manifested with different clinical significance. Case report: We report two cases, the first case the coronary angiography showed the left coronary artery arising from the right coronary sinus, presenting with proximally and distally stenosed left anterior descending artery (LAD), associated with medial and distal stenosed right coronary artery (RCA). The second case the coronary angiography revealed the right coronary artery arising from the left coronary sinus, associated with tortuous medial and distal segments of left anterior descending artery (LAD), without atherosclerotic changes. The first case successfully underwent treatment procedures based on guidelines for revascularization. Conclusion: The coronary angiography of patients with coronary ischemia determines atherosclerotic disease with possibility of the presence of coronary artery anomalies that in cases with ectopic origin from opposite sinus continues to exist as a challenge during treatment in interventional cardiology. PMID:27482140

  2. Optimal medical therapy improves clinical outcomes in patients undergoing revascularization with percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting: insights from the Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) trial at the 5-year follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iqbal, Javaid; Zhang, Yao-Jun; Holmes, David R; Morice, Marie-Claude; Mack, Michael J; Kappetein, Arie Pieter; Feldman, Ted; Stahle, Elizabeth; Escaned, Javier; Banning, Adrian P; Gunn, Julian P; Colombo, Antonio; Steyerberg, Ewout W; Mohr, Friedrich W; Serruys, Patrick W

    2015-04-07

    There is a paucity of data on the use of optimal medical therapy (OMT) in patients with complex coronary artery disease undergoing revascularization with percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and its long-term prognostic significance. The Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) trial is a multicenter, randomized, clinical trial of patients (n=1800) with complex coronary disease randomized to revascularization with percutaneous coronary intervention or CABG. Detailed drug history was collected for all patients at discharge and at the 1-month, 6-month, 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year follow-ups. OMT was defined as the combination of at least 1 antiplatelet drug, statin, β-blocker, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker. Five-year clinical outcomes were stratified by OMT and non-OMT. OMT was underused in patients treated with coronary revascularization, especially CABG. OMT was an independent predictor of survival. OMT was associated with a significant reduction in mortality (hazard ratio, 0.64; 95% confidence interval, 0.48-0.85; P=0.002) and composite end point of death/myocardial infarction/stroke (hazard ratio, 0.73; 95% confidence interval, 0.58-0.92; P=0.007) at the 5-year follow-up. The treatment effect with OMT (36% relative reduction in mortality over 5 years) was greater than the treatment effect of revascularization strategy (26% relative reduction in mortality with CABG versus percutaneous coronary intervention over 5 years). On stratified analysis, all the components of OMT were important for reducing adverse outcomes regardless of revascularization strategy. The use of OMT remains low in patients with complex coronary disease requiring coronary intervention with percutaneous coronary intervention and even lower in patients treated with CABG. Lack of OMT is associated with adverse clinical outcomes. Targeted strategies to improve OMT use

  3. Total Arterial Revascularization with Internal Mammary Artery or Radial Artery Graft Configuration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    To investigate the clinical use of π graft in total arterial revascularization and its outcomes, a retrospective analysis of 23 patients out of 1000 patients undergoing total arterial coronary bypass surgery with a π graft between September 1994 and December 2004 was performed. In the selected patients for the management of triple vessel disease with middle diagonal/intermediate ramus disease such that a skip with the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) or radial artery (RA),the main stem of π graft, to the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) will not work and the right internal mammary artery (RIMA) or right gastroepiploic artery (RGEA) cannot pick up the diagonal/intermediate ramus, hence the LAD and diagonal/intermediate ramus were grafted with a mini Y graft using the distal segment of LIMA, RIMA, RA or RGEA, together with the bilateral internal mammary artery (BIMA) or LIMA-RA T graft to compose π graft. Twenty-three patients (18 males, 5 females) underwent the π graft procedure. There were no deaths or episodes of myocardial infarction, stroke, and deep sternal wound infection. One patient required reopening for controlling bleeding. Until the end of 2004, during a mean follow-up of 81.0 ±28.4 months, no angina needing re-intervention or operative therapy or coronary related death occurred. In conclusion, in patients with specific coronary artery anatomy/stenosis, the BIMA (sometimes LIMA with RA or RGEA) π graft can be successfully performed for total arterial revascularization with good midterm outcomes.

  4. Bare-metal stenting of large coronary arteries in ST-elevation myocardial infarction is associated with low rates of target vessel revascularization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shugman, Ibrahim M; Hee, Leia; Mussap, Christian J; Diu, Patrick; Lo, Sidney; Hopkins, Andrew P; Nguyen, Phong; Taylor, David; Rajaratnam, Rohan; Leung, Dominic; Thomas, Liza; Juergens, Craig P; French, John K

    2013-04-01

    During percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) performed in the emergent setting of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), uncertainty about patients' ability to comply with 12 months dual antiplatelet therapy after drug-eluting stenting is common, and thus, selective bare-metal stent (BMS) deployment could be an attractive strategy if this achieved low target vessel revascularization (TVR) rates in large infarct-related arteries (IRAs) (≥3.5 mm). To evaluate this hypothesis, among 1,282 patients with STEMI who underwent PCI during their initial hospitalization, we studied 1,059 patients (83%) who received BMS, of whom 512 (48%) had large IRAs ≥3.5 mm in diameter, 333 (31%) had IRAs 3 to 3.49 mm, and 214 (20%) had IRAs <3 mm. At 1 year, TVR rate in patients with BMS was 5.8% (2.2% with large BMS [≥3.5 mm], 9.2% with BMS 3-3.49 mm [intermediate], and 9.0% with BMS <3.0 mm [small], P < .001). The rates of death/reinfarction among patients with large BMS compared with intermediate BMS or small BMS were lower (6.6% vs 11.7% vs 9.0%, P = .042). Among patients who received BMS, the independent predictors of TVR at 1 year were the following: vessel diameter <3.5 mm (odds ratio [OR] 4.39 [95% CI 2.24-8.60], P < .001), proximal left anterior descending coronary artery lesions (OR 1.89 [95% CI 1.08-3.31], P = .027), hypertension (OR 2.01 [95% CI 1.17-3.438], P = .011), and prior PCI (OR 3.46 [95% CI 1.21-9.85], P = .02). The predictors of death/myocardial infarction at 1 year were pre-PCI cardiogenic shock (OR 8.16 [95% CI 4.16-16.01], P < .001), age ≥65 years (OR 2.63 [95% CI 1.58-4.39], P < .001), left anterior descending coronary artery culprit lesions (OR 1.95 [95% CI 1.19-3.21], P = .008), female gender (OR 1.93 [95% CI 1.12-3.32], P = .019), and American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association lesion classes B2 and C (OR 2.17 [95% CI 1.10-4.27], P = .026). Bare-metal stent deployment in STEMI patients with IRAs ≥3.5 mm was associated

  5. Anomalous Coronary Artery: Run of a Lifetime.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Michael Stuart; Sehgal, Sankalp; Smukler, Naomi; Suber, LaDouglas Jarod; Saththasivam, Pooven

    2016-09-01

    The anatomy of the coronary circulation is well described with incidence of congenital anomalies of approximately 0.3% to 1.0%. Although often incidental, 20% are life-threatening. A 25-year-old woman with syncopal episodes collapsed following a 10-km run. Coronary anatomy evaluation showed an anomalous left main coronary artery originating from the right sinus of valsalva and following a course between the aorta and the pulmonary outflow tract. Percutaneous coronary intervention was followed by eventual surgical revascularization. Abnormal course of coronary arteries plays a role in the pathogenesis of sudden death on exertion. Origin of the left main coronary from the right sinus of valsalva is a rare congenital anomaly. The expansion of the roots of the aorta and pulmonary trunk with exertion lead to compression of the coronary artery and syncope. Our patient raises awareness of a potentially fatal coronary artery path. Intraoperative identification of anomalous coronaries by utilizing intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography was critical.

  6. Triple-Vessel Percutaneous Coronary Revascularization In Situs Inversus Dextrocardia

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    Nikolaos Kakouros

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Dextrocardia with situs inversus occurs in approximately one in 10,000 individuals of whom 20% have primary ciliary dyskinesia inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. These patients have a high incidence of congenital cardiac disease but their risk of coronary artery disease is similar to that of the general population. We report what is, to our knowledge, the first case of total triple-vessel coronary revascularization by percutaneous stent implantation in a 79-year-old woman with situs inversus dextrocardia. We describe the successful use of standard diagnostic and interventional guide catheters with counter rotation and transversely inversed image acquisition techniques. The case also highlights that the right precordial pain may represent cardiac ischemia in this population.

  7. Development and Suggestion of a Cardiac CTA Scoring System for the Prediction of Revascularization Success in Chronic Total Occlusions (CTO) of the Coronary Arteries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roller, F C; Harth, S; Rixe, J; Krombach, G A; Schneider, C

    2016-02-01

    Analyzing occluded segments with computed tomography angiography (CTA) prior to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) increased revascularization success in chronic total occlusions (CTO). The aim of our study was to develop a scoring system for the prediction of PCI success in CTO. 41 consecutive CTO patients (30 male; 63.1 years +/- 8.3 standard deviation) underwent CTA prior to PCI. All CTOs were categorized by two radiologists in consensus regarding the presence of special features and without knowledge of PCI outcome. All outcome criteria were evaluated. Afterwards one point was assigned for each unequally distributed outcome criteria per CTO and all points were added up to a single score. Severe calcifications (failure group 68.8 % vs. success group 28.0 %; p CTO have been identified. Success rates are improved by analyzing CTA data sets prior to revascularization approaches. Prediction of revascularization success via a scoring system based on five CTA criteria seems promising. Patient selection for the right treatment options might be improved in the future due to application of the scoring system. Also risks, complications, contrast media amounts and radiation doses might be reduced. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  8. Contemporary techniques for coronary CTO revascularization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dedovic, Vladimir; Stankovic, Goran

    2017-03-01

    Despite permanent improvement in success rate and technical developments, chronic total occlusion (CTO) remains undertreated by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Dedicated CTO operators from Japan, Europe and USA perform these procedures with success rate beyond 90%, but there is still huge gap between this group of specialists and broader population of PCI operators. Recently proposed CTO scores can be used for patients' selection according to the CTO operators' experience. Patients with low CTO Score values may be suitable for less experienced operators at the beginning of the CTO PCI learning curve, while more complex CTOs (higher CTO Score values) should be differed to CTO experts. As most of CTO scores better predict antegrade procedural success, at the hands of expert CTO operators, lower or intermediate CTO Score values suggest cases which could be started by anterograde techniques. In this paper we review: 1) an impact of CTO on completeness of revascularization; 2) appropriate CTO equipment setting; 3) procedure planning aspects, including the use of computed tomography angiography and CTO scores; 4) current CTO techniques classifying them into A) antegrade, B) retrograde and C) hybrid approach. Further advancements in CTO PCI should not only provide higher rate of complete revascularization, with improved clinical outcome, but also simplify procedure and make it suitable for broader spectrum of interventionalists.

  9. New Technologies in Coronary Artery Surgery

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    David Taggart

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Coronary artery disease remains the leading cause of death in developed countries. Major recent studies such as SYNTAX and FREEDOM have confirmed that coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG remains the gold standard treatment in terms of survival and freedom from myocardial infarction and the need for repeat revascularization. The current review explores the use of new technologies and future directions in coronary artery surgery, through 1 stressing the importance of multiple arterial conduits and especially the use of bilateral mammary artery; 2 discussing the advantages and disadvantages of off-pump coronary artery bypass; 3 presenting additional techniques, e.g. minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting, hybrid, and robotic-assisted CABG; and, finally, 4 debating a novel external stenting technique for saphenous vein grafts.

  10. Coronary anomaly: the single coronary artery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIN Xu-guang; XIONG Wei-guo; LU Chun-peng; GONG Cheng-jie; SHANG Li-hua

    2010-01-01

    @@ Single coronary artery (SCA), defined as an artery that arises from the arterial trunk and nourishes the entire myocardium, is rare. We report two cases of SCA, one is the right coronary artery (RCA) originating from the middle of left descending artery (LAD), and the other is the left main coronary artery (LMCA) arising from the proximal right coronary artery.

  11. Using a Markov simulation model to assess the impact of changing trends in coronary heart disease incidence on requirements for coronary artery revascularization procedures in Western Australia

    OpenAIRE

    Knuiman Matthew; Mannan Haider R; Hobbs Michael

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background The population incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) has been declining in Australia and many other countries. This decline has been due to reduced population levels of risk factors for CHD and improved medical care for those at higher risk of CHD. However, there are signs that there may be a slowing down or even reversal in the decline of CHD incidence due to the 'obesity epidemic' and other factors and this will have implications for the requirements for surgical tre...

  12. Arterial hypertension and associated factors in patients submitted to myocardial revascularization

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    Flávia Cortez Colósimo

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE To identify the prevalence of arterial hypertension and associated factors in patients submitted to myocardial revascularization. METHOD Cross-sectional study using the database of a hospital in São Paulo (SP, Brazil containing 3010 patients with coronary artery disease submitted to myocardial revascularization. A multiple logistic regression was performed to identify variables independently associated with hypertension (statistical significance: p1.3: (OR=1.37;CI:1.09-1.72. CONCLUSION A high prevalence of arterial hypertension and association with both non-modifiable and modifiable factors was observed.

  13. Outcomes of coronary stenoses deferred revascularization for borderline versus nonborderline fractional flow reserve values.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Depta, Jeremiah P; Patel, Jayendrakumar S; Novak, Eric; Masrani, Shriti K; Raymer, David; Facey, Gabrielle; Patel, Yogesh; Zajarias, Alan; Lasala, John M; Singh, Jasvindar; Bach, Richard G; Kurz, Howard I

    2014-06-01

    Current evidence supports deferral of revascularization for lesions with fractional flow reserve (FFR) values >0.80. The natural history after deferral of revascularization of lesions with borderline FFR values is unknown. This study evaluated the outcomes of patients after deferred revascularization of coronary stenoses based on a borderline FFR value. We retrospectively studied 720 patients with 881 intermediate-severity coronary stenoses who underwent FFR assessment from October 2002 to July 2010 and were deferred revascularization. Patients were divided into gray zone (0.75 to 0.80), borderline (0.81 to 0.85), and nonborderline (>0.85) FFR groups. Any subsequent percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting of a deferred stenosis during follow-up was classified as a deferred lesion intervention (DLI). Patient and/or lesion characteristics and clinical outcomes were compared between the FFR groups using univariate and propensity score-adjusted inverse probability of weighting Cox proportional hazards analyses. During a mean follow-up of 4.5 ± 2.1 years, 157 deferred lesions (18%) underwent DLI by percutaneous coronary intervention (n = 117) or coronary artery bypass grafting (n = 40). No statistically significant differences were observed in clinical outcomes between the gray zone and borderline FFR groups. Lesions with a borderline FFR were associated with a significantly higher risk of DLI compared with lesions with nonborderline FFR values (hazard ratio 1.63, 95% confidence interval 1.14 to 2.33, p = 0.007). Lesions deferred revascularization because of a borderline FFR (0.81 to 0.85) were associated with a higher risk of DLI compared with lesions with a nonborderline FFR (>0.85). Further study is needed to determine the optimal management of coronary stenoses with a borderline FFR value. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Screening asymptomatic patients with diabetes for unknown coronary artery disease: Does it reduce risk? An open-label randomized trial comparing a strategy based on exercise testing aimed at revascularization with management based on pharmacological/behavioural treatment of traditional risk factors. DADDY-D Trial (Does coronary Atherosclerosis Deserve to be Diagnosed and treated early in Diabetics?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romano Stefania

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes. Screening for asymptomatic coronary artery disease with treatment by means of revascularization seems to be an appealing option for prevention. The utility of such a strategy has never been challenged in a randomized trial. Methods/Design In the present study a cohort of diabetic patients without any symptoms and without known coronary artery disease will be screened at two diabetes outpatients services. Those with intermediate or high risk (equal or greater than 10% according to the Italian risk chart will be asked to participate and enrolled. They will be seen and followed in order to provide the best adherence to medical therapy. Half of the patients will be randomized to undergo an exercise tolerance testing while the other group will continue to be regularly seen at diabetes outpatients services. Best medical/behavioral therapy will be offered to both groups. Those patients with a positive exercise tolerance testing will be studied by coronary angiography and treated according to the severity of coronary lesions by percutaneous stenting or surgery. The objective of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of the screening strategy aimed at revascularization. A cost-effectiveness analysis will be performed at the end of the follow up. Discussion The study will provide useful information about prevention and treatment of diabetic patients at high risk of coronary events. It will be made clearer if detection of silent coronary artery disease has to be recommended and followed by treatment. Given the simplicity of the study protocol, it will be easily transferable to the real world. Trial registration (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00547872

  15. Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    In coronary artery disease (CAD), the arteries that supply blood and oxygen to your heart muscle grow hardened and narrowed. You may try ... these treatments don't help, you may need coronary artery bypass surgery. The surgery creates a new ...

  16. Progression from stenosis to occlusion in the proximal native coronary artery after coronary artery bypass grafting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Akihito; Ishii, Hideki; Oshima, Hideki; Shibata, Yohei; Tatami, Yosuke; Osugi, Naohiro; Ota, Tomoyuki; Kawamura, Yoshihiro; Suzuki, Susumu; Usui, Akihiko; Murohara, Toyoaki

    2016-07-01

    Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is an established treatment for multivessel coronary artery disease. However, problematic situations are occasionally encountered after CABG, such as disease progression in the native coronary artery with graft occlusion, which causes difficulty in revascularization. The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in the native coronary artery after CABG. Between 2009 and 2012 in our institution, 351 patients underwent CABG, and 768 bypass grafts were anastomosed to non-occluded coronary arteries. Of these, 489 bypass grafts had available early postoperative angiographic results (≤6 months) suitable for assessment in this study. We defined malignant graft failure after CABG to be bypass graft occlusion and de novo complete occlusion of the target native coronary artery proximal to the graft anastomosis site. In the early angiographic results, 17 grafts were occluded (17/489; 3.5 %). Two of the grafts displayed malignant graft failure (a saphenous vein graft to the right coronary artery and a saphenous vein graft to the diagonal branch) (2 of 17 occluded grafts, and 2 of 489 studied grafts). Of the patent bypass grafts, 24 involved progression to occlusion in the proximal native coronary artery (19 saphenous vein grafts, 4 left internal thoracic artery grafts, and 1 right internal thoracic artery graft). Malignant graft failure was uncommon during short-term follow-up after CABG. At the same time, disease progression in the proximal native coronary artery from stenosis to occlusion following patent bypass grafting was relatively common, especially for vein grafts.

  17. A Multidisciplinary Approach to Unplanned Conversion from Off-Pump to On-Pump Beating Heart Coronary Artery Revascularization in Patients with Compromised Left Ventricular Function

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    Georgia Tsaousi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To comparably assess the perioperative risk factors that differentiate off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB grafting cases from those sustaining unplanned conversion to on-pump beating heart (ONCAB/BH approach, in patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF 2 days (P=0.007. Conclusions. Patients with LVEF < 40% undergoing ONCAB/BH are subjected to more preoperative comorbidities and implicated ICU stay than their OPCAB counterparts, which influences adversely short-term morbidity, while operative mortality remains unaffected.

  18. Coronary Artery Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease. It is the leading cause of death ... happens when the arteries that supply blood to heart muscle become hardened and narrowed. This is due ...

  19. Refractory angina pectoris in end-stage coronary artery disease : Evolving therapeutic concepts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schoebel, FC; Frazier, OH; Jessurun, GAJ; DeJongste, MJL; Kadipasaoglu, KA; Jax, TW; Heintzen, MP; Cooley, DA; Strauer, BE; Leschke, M

    1997-01-01

    Refractory angina pectoris in coronary artery disease is defined as the persistence of severe anginal symptoms despite maximal conventional antianginal combination therapy. Further, the option to use an invasive revascularization procedure such as percutaneous coronary balloon angioplasty or aortoco

  20. Revascularização da artéria coronária direita intra-atrial Revascularization of intracavitary right coronary artery

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    Artur Lourenção Júnior

    1990-12-01

    Full Text Available A artéria coronária direita, em seu trajeto no sulco atrioventricular direito, pode, em raras ocasiões, penetrar na cavidade atrial direita. Esta variação anatômica poderá modificar a tática cirúrgica em operações de revascularização miocárdica. No presente trabalho, relatamos o caso em que a ponte de veia safena para a artéria coronária direita foi realizada em posição intra-atrial direita.The right coronary artery, during your course in the right atrioventricular sulcus, can sometimes penetrate the right atrial cavity. This anatomical variety can modify the surgical tactics in aortocoronary by-pass surgery. In this paper we present a patient in whom the by-pass with saphenous vein graft to the right coronary artery was made in right intracavitary position.

  1. Coronary artery aneurysms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koischwitz, D.; Harder, T.; Schuppan, U.; Thurn, P.

    1982-04-01

    Seven saccular coronary artery aneurysms have been demonstrated in the course of 1452 selective coronary artery angiograms. In six patients they were arterio-sclerotic; in one patient the aneurysm must have been congenital or of mycotic-embolic origin. The differential diagnosis between true aneurysms and other causes of vascular dilatation is discussed. Coronary artery aneurysms have a poor prognosis because of the possibility of rupture with resultant cardiac tamponade, or the development of thrombo-embolic myocardial infarction. These aneurysms can only be diagnosed by means of coronary angiography and require appropriate treatment.

  2. Comparison of Early Outcomes with Three Approaches for Combined Coronary Revascularization and Carotid Endarterectomy

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    Arzu Antal Dönmez

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective: This study aims to compare three different surgical approaches for combined coronary and carotid artery stenosis as a single stage procedure and to assess effect of operative strategy on mortality and neurological complications. Methods: This retrospective study involves 136 patients who had synchronous coronary artery revascularization and carotid endarterectomy in our institution, between January 2002 and December 2012. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the surgical technique used. Group I included 70 patients who had carotid endarterectomy, followed by coronary revascularization with on-pump technique, group II included 29 patients who had carotid endarterectomy, followed by coronary revascularization with off-pump technique, group III included 37 patients who had coronary revascularization with on-pump technique followed by carotid endarterectomy under aortic cross-clamp and systemic hypothermia (22-27ºC. Postoperative outcomes were evaluated. Results: Overall early mortality and stroke rate was 5.1% for both. There were 3 (4.3% deaths in group I, 2 (6.9% deaths in group II and 2 (5.4% deaths in group III. Stroke was observed in 5 (7.1% patients in group I and 2 (6.9% in group II. Stroke was not observed in group III. No statistically significant difference was observed for mortality and stroke rates among the groups. Conclusion: We identified no significant difference in mortality or neurologic complications among three approaches for synchronous surgery for coronary and carotid disease. Therefore it is impossible to conclude that a single principle might be adapted into standard practice. Patient specific risk factors and clinical conditions might be important in determining the surgical tecnnique.

  3. Effect of Late Revascularization of a Totally Occluded Coronary Artery After Myocardial Infarction on Mortality Rates in Patients with Renal Impairment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hastings, Ramin; Hochman, Judith S.; Dzavik, Vladimir; Lamas, Gervasio A.; Forman, Sandra A.; Schiele, Francois; Michalis, Lampros K.; Nikas, Dimitris; Jaroch, Joanna; Reynolds, Harmony R.

    2012-01-01

    Renal dysfunction is an independent predictor of cardiovascular events and a negative prognostic indicator after myocardial infarction (MI). Randomized data comparing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to medical therapy in MI patients with renal insufficiency are needed. The Occluded Artery Trial (OAT) compared optimal medical therapy alone to PCI with optimal medical therapy in 2201 high risk patients with an occluded infarct artery >24 hours post-MI with serum creatinine ≤2.5 mg/dl. The primary endpoint was a composite of death, MI, and class IV heart failure (HF). Analyses were carried out utilizing estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) as a continuous variable and by eGFR categories. Long term follow up data (maximum 9 years) were used for this analysis. Lower eGFR (ml/min/1.73m2) was associated with development of the primary outcome (6-year life-table rate 16.9% in eGFR>90; 19.2% in eGFR 60–89; 34.9% in eGFR<60; p-value <0.0001), death, and class IV HF, with no difference in rates of reinfarction. On multivariable analysis, eGFR was an independent predictor of death and HF. There was no effect of treatment assignment on the primary endpoint regardless of eGFR, and there was no significant interaction between eGFR and treatment assignment on any outcome. In conclusion, lower eGFR at enrollment was independently associated with death and HF in OAT participants. Despite this increased risk, the lack of benefit from PCI in the overall trial was also seen in patients with renal dysfunction and persistent occlusion of the infarct artery in the subacute phase post MI. PMID:22728005

  4. Coronary Artery Bypass

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    Kadri Ceberut

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Ancient schwannoma is a rare variant of neural tumors though rarely seen in the thorax. The combination with coronary artery diseases is also rare. Here we describe a 66 year-old male who had undergone one-stage combined surgery for thoracic ancient schwannomas removal and coronary artery disease. The masses were, respectively, 13 cm in the middle mediastinum and 5 cm in diameter originating from the intercostal nerve. The tumors were successfully removed using sternotomy, and then a coronary artery bypass grafting was performed. Here we discuss this rare tumor in relation to the relevant literature.

  5. Transradial artery coronary angioplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiemeneij, F; Laarman, G J; de Melker, E

    1995-01-01

    This study explored the feasibility and safety of percutaneous coronary balloon angioplasty (PTCA) with miniaturized PTCA equipment via the radial artery. Coronary angioplasty (PTCA) via the femoral or brachial arteries may be associated with rare vascular complications such as bleeding and damage to the artery and adjacent structures. It was postulated that PTCA via the radial artery with miniaturized angioplasty equipment is feasible and that no major puncture site-related complications occur because hemostasis is obtained easily and because no major structures are near the radial artery. With double blood supply to the hand, radial artery occlusion is well tolerated. In 100 patients with collateral blood supply to the right hand, PTCA was attempted with 6F guiding catheters and rapid-exchange balloon catheters for exertional angina (87 patients) or nonexertional angina (13 patients). Angioplasty was attempted in 122 lesions (type A n = 67 [55%], Type B n = 37 [30%], and type C n = 18 [15%]). Pre- and post-PTCA computerized quantitative coronary analysis was performed. Radial artery function and structure were assessed clinically and with Doppler and two-dimensional ultrasound on the day of discharge. Coronary catheterization via the radial artery was successful in 94 patients (94%). The 6 remaining patients had successful PTCA via the femoral artery (n = 5) or the brachial artery (n = 1). Procedural success (120 of 122 lesions) was achieved in 92 patients (98%) via the radial artery and in 98 patients of the total study population.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  6. Stent-Apposition Salvage of an Anterior Tibial Artery After Inadvertent Angioplasty Balloon Retention During CTO Revascularization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choudry, R; Deutsch, E; Durinka, J; Dhir, T

    2016-01-01

    Progressive improvement in the ability to treat complete total occlusions in the tibial level arterial circulation have made it possible to revascularize patients with critical limb ischemia. A 59 year old male presented with a complete total occlusion of his anterior tibial artery with distal reconstitution through peroneal artery collaterals. During attempted angioplasty a balloon was retained within the patent portion of the target vessel. Two 3.0 mm drug eluting coronary stents were deployed across the length of the balloon with excellent luminal preservation. Successful CTO revascularization was completed and a strong dorsalis pedis artery pulse was restored following intervention.

  7. Risk assessment by myocardial perfusion imaging for coronary revascularization, medical therapy, and noncardiac surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papaioannou, Georgios I; Heller, Gary V

    2003-01-01

    Stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) has become an important tool in risk stratification of patients with known coronary artery disease. A normal myocardial perfusion scan has a high negative predictive value and is associated with low annual mortality rate ( 20% of the left ventricle), defects in more than 1 coronary vascular territory, transient or persistent left ventricular cavity dilation, and ejection fraction less than 45% have a high annual mortality rate (> 3%). Those patients should undergo coronary revascularization whenever feasible, as the cardiac event rate increases in proportion to the magnitude of the jeopardized myocardium. Stress MPI can be used to demonstrate ischemia in patients with symptoms early after coronary artery bypass surgery (/= 5 years) after coronary artery bypass surgery. With respect to patients who underwent percutaneous interventions, stress MPI can help detect in-stent restenosis early after the intervention (3-6 months) or assess the progression of native coronary disease afterward. Since preliminary data suggest that a reduction in the perfusion defect size may translate to a reduction of coronary events, stress MPI can help assess the efficacy of medical management of coronary disease. Finally, stress MPI is indicated for perioperative cardiac risk stratification for noncardiac surgery in patients with intermediate risk predictors (mild angina, prior myocardial infarction or heart failure symptoms, diabetes mellitus, renal insufficiency) and poor functional capacity or in those who undergo high-risk surgery with significant implications in further preoperative management.

  8. Early results of coronary artery bypass grafting with coronary endarterectomy for severe coronary artery disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toischer Karl

    2009-09-01

    failure: 3; stroke: 1; cancer: 1; unknown reasons: 3. NYHA-classification significantly improved after CABG with CE from 2.2 ± 0.9 preoperative to 1.7 ± 0.9 postoperative. CCS also changed from 2.4 ± 1.0 to 1.5 ± 0.8 Conclusion Early results of coronary endarterectomy are acceptable with respect to mortality, NYHA & CCS. This technique offers a valuable surgical option for patients with endstage coronary artery disease in whom complete revascularization otherwise can not be obtained. Careful patient selection will be necessary to assure the long-term benefit of this procedure.

  9. Early results of coronary artery bypass grafting with coronary endarterectomy for severe coronary artery disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitto, Jan D; Kolat, Philipp; Ortmann, Philipp; Popov, Aron F; Coskun, Kasim O; Friedrich, Martin; Sossalla, Samuel; Toischer, Karl; Mokashi, Suyog A; Tirilomis, Theodor; Baryalei, Mersa M; Schoendube, Friedrich A

    2009-01-01

    ; stroke: 1; cancer: 1; unknown reasons: 3). NYHA-classification significantly improved after CABG with CE from 2.2 ± 0.9 preoperative to 1.7 ± 0.9 postoperative. CCS also changed from 2.4 ± 1.0 to 1.5 ± 0.8 Conclusion Early results of coronary endarterectomy are acceptable with respect to mortality, NYHA & CCS. This technique offers a valuable surgical option for patients with endstage coronary artery disease in whom complete revascularization otherwise can not be obtained. Careful patient selection will be necessary to assure the long-term benefit of this procedure. PMID:19772645

  10. Drug therapy or coronary angioplasty for the treatment of coronary artery disease : New insights

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Amoroso, G; Van Boven, AJ; Crijns, HJGM

    2001-01-01

    Background In the last decade percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty has become a very popular strategy For the treatment of coronary artery disease, although its efficacy in reducing ischemic events and the subsequent need for revascularization has yet to be proved. Methods We reviewed the

  11. [Revascularization of the carotid and vertebral arteries in the elderly].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Illuminati, G; Bezzi, M; D'Urso, A; Giacobbi, D; Ceccanei, G; Vietri, F

    2004-01-01

    From January 1994 to July 2004, 323 patients underwent 348 revascularization of carotid bifurcation for atherosclerotic stenoses. Eighty eight patients (group A) were 75 year-old or older, whereas 235 (group B) were younger than 75 years. Postoperative mortality/neurologic morbidity rate was 1% in group A, and 1.4% in group B. At 5 years, patency and freedom from symptoms/stroke were, respectively, 91% and 92% in group A, and 89% and 91% in group B. None of these differences was statistically significant. In the same time period, 26 internal carotid arteries were revascularized in 24 patients, 75 or more aged, for a symptomatic kinking. Postoperative mortality/morbidity rate was absent, whereas, at 5 years, patency and freedom from symptoms/stroke were, respectively, 88% and 92%. Twelve vertebral arteries were revascularized in 12 patients, 75 or more aged, for invalidating symptoms of vertebrobasilar insufficiency. Postoperative mortality/neurologic morbidity rate was absent. In one case postoperative recurrence of symptoms occurred, despite a patent revascularization. Patency and freedom from symptoms/stroke were 84% and 75%, at 5 years. Revascularization of carotid and vertebral arteries in the elderly can be accomplished with good results, superposable to those of standard revascularization of carotid bifurcation in a younger patients' population.

  12. Effects of residual coronary artery disease on results of coronary artery bypass grafting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iskandrian, A S; Hakki, A H; Nestico, P F; DePace, N L; Goel, I P; Kane, S

    1984-10-01

    To assess the effects of residual coronary artery disease (non-revascularized coronary vessels) after coronary artery bypass grafting on symptoms and exercise left ventricular function, we categorized 77 patients into 3 groups according to the extent of residual coronary artery disease: group I (n = 17) had no residual coronary artery disease (residual score = 0); group II (n = 30) had light residual coronary artery disease (score of 1 to 9, mean 4.7); and group III (n = 30) had moderate residual coronary artery disease (score greater than or equal to 10, mean 23). Sixty patients were asymptomatic after coronary artery bypass grafting (14 in group I, 24 in group II, and 22 in group III), but the remaining patients had occasional angina pectoris. The resting left ventricular ejection fraction was significantly higher in group I than in the remaining 2 groups (56 +/- 18% in group I, 47 +/- 19% in group II, and 43 +/- 16% in group III, P less than 0.05). The exercise left ventricular ejection fraction was also significantly higher in group I (61 +/- 16% in group I, 51 +/- 18% in group II and 45 +/- 18% in group III, P less than 0.01). The ejection fraction response to exercise was abnormal in 5 patients in group I, 15 patients in group II, and 19 patients in group III. Thus, coronary artery bypass grafting results in symptomatic improvement, even in patients with residual coronary artery disease. The presence of residual coronary artery disease, however, may be a determinant of exercise left ventricular function in these patients.

  13. Coronary Artery Imaging in Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    Coronary artery problems in children usually have a significant impact on both short-term and long-term outcomes. Early and accurate diagnosis, therefore, is crucial but technically challenging due to the small size of the coronary artery, high heart rates, and limited cooperation of children. Coronary artery visibility on CT and MRI in children is considerably improved with recent technical advancements. Consequently, CT and MRI are increasingly used for evaluating various congenital and acquired coronary artery abnormalities in children, such as coronary artery anomalies, aberrant coronary artery anatomy specific to congenital heart disease, Kawasaki disease, Williams syndrome, and cardiac allograft vasculopathy. PMID:25741188

  14. Coronary Artery Disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Morten Krogh

    2017-01-01

    A family history of coronary artery disease (CAD) is an important risk factor for adverse coronary events, in particular if the disease has an early onset. The risk of CAD is influenced by genetic and environmental factors with a greater genetic contribution earlier in life. Through recent years...... Registry and risk factor control was evaluated. The study revealed that risk factors are common in early-onset CAD and that a large room for risk factor improvement remains. In study II, we used coronary computed tomography angiography to compare the coronary plaque burden and characteristics between 88...... first-degree relatives of patients with early-onset CAD and 88 controls with no familial predisposition. Relatives had a significantly increased coronary plaque burden, which displayed characteristics associated with myocardial ischemia and adverse coronary events. In study III, 134 patients with early...

  15. [Emergency coronary artery bypass grafting for acute coronary syndrome].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamaguchi, Atsushi; Murayama, Takanori

    2012-09-01

    Since the drug eluting stents appeared in Japan, the indication for percutaneous coronary intervention has become wide-spread for the treatment of coronary artery disease. In the past decade, 216 patients underwent emergency/urgent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in our institution, while the annual numbers of both emergency and elective CABG cases have declined. On the contrary to the decreasing number, emergency CABG patients were significantly getting older with multiple co-morbidities. Thus, off-pump CABG is likely to be beneficial for preventing postoperative complications, leading to the decreased postoperative mortality. When emergency CABG patients developed refractory myocardial ischemia and unstable hemodynamics, a percutaneous cardiopulmonary support system was quickly applicable and useful for on-pump beating CABG achieving complete surgical revascularization. For keeping satisfactory hemodynamics during CABG, communication between cardiovascular surgeons, anesthesiologists, and perfusionists is most important.

  16. Coronary Artery Anomalies in Animals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian A. Scansen

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Coronary artery anomalies represent a disease spectrum from incidental to life-threatening. Anomalies of coronary artery origin and course are well-recognized in human medicine, but have received limited attention in veterinary medicine. Coronary artery anomalies are best described in the dog, hamster, and cow though reports also exist in the horse and pig. The most well-known anomaly in veterinary medicine is anomalous coronary artery origin with a prepulmonary course in dogs, which limits treatment of pulmonary valve stenosis. A categorization scheme for coronary artery anomalies in animals is suggested, dividing these anomalies into those of major or minor clinical significance. A review of coronary artery development, anatomy, and reported anomalies in domesticated species is provided and four novel canine examples of anomalous coronary artery origin are described: an English bulldog with single left coronary ostium and a retroaortic right coronary artery; an English bulldog with single right coronary ostium and transseptal left coronary artery; an English bulldog with single right coronary ostium and absent left coronary artery with a prepulmonary paraconal interventricular branch and an interarterial circumflex branch; and a mixed-breed dog with tetralogy of Fallot and anomalous origin of all coronary branches from the brachiocephalic trunk. Coronary arterial fistulae are also described including a coronary cameral fistula in a llama cria and an English bulldog with coronary artery aneurysm and anomalous shunting vessels from the right coronary artery to the pulmonary trunk. These examples are provided with the intent to raise awareness and improve understanding of such defects.

  17. A 6-year experience with radial artery conduit for myocardial revascularization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Sadeghpour-Tabaee

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Excellent long-term patencies of arterial grafts are considered, superior to those of vein grafts. In this study, we present our 6 years experience in using radial artery as a conduit for myocardial revascularization. The aim of the present study was to assess the safety and early and mid term results of using radial artery in coronary artery bypass graft. Methods: The radial artery used as a conduit in 308 cases was evaluated during past 6 years, and the results obtained were processed and analyzed. Results: The operative morbidity comprised re-operation for bleeding in 3.2%, MI in 5%, with paresthesis and stitch abscess of the hand in 10% in and 3.5% respectively. Hospital mortality included 2 patients, one case being directly due to complication of harvesting radial artery.Conclusion: The results of present study were satisfactory with acceptable morbidity and mortality and favored the application of this conduit to CABG patients.

  18. Sequential saphenous vein grafting combined with selective arterialization of middle cardiac vein during off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Yang; QI Dan-ni; GU Cheng-xiong

    2010-01-01

    @@ Currently coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the most commonly used procedure for revascularization of coronary heart disease. However it may not be suitable for the patients with diffuse coronary artery diseases. Under this circumstance, retrograde perfusion via cardiac venous system, namely retrograde coronary venous bypass graft (CVBG), may be the proper therapeutic selection.1 The idea of myocardial revascularization by means of grafting the coronary venous system is more than a century old. However, few clinical trials and long-term outcome data have been presented. The use of venous arterialization has not been widely used. We report the use of a sequential saphenous vein graft from the aorta to middle cardiac vein in a patient with diffuse lesions in right coronary artery during off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB).

  19. Bilateral Internal Thoracic Artery Configuration for Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boodhwani, Munir; Hanet, Claude; de Kerchove, Laurent; Navarra, Emiliano; Astarci, Parla; Noirhomme, Philippe; El Khoury, Gebrine

    2016-01-01

    Background— Bilateral internal thoracic arteries (BITA) have demonstrated superior patency and improved survival in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. However, the optimal configuration for BITA utilization and its effect on long-term outcome remains uncertain. Methods and Results— We randomly assigned 304 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting using BITA to either in situ or Y grafting configurations. The primary end point was 3-year angiographic patency. Secondary end points included major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (ie, death from any cause, stroke, myocardial infarction, or repeat revascularization) at 7 years. More coronary targets were able to be revascularized using internal thoracic arteries in patients randomized to Y grafting versus in situ group (3.2±0.8 versus 2.4±0.5 arteries/patient; P<0.01). The primary end point did not show significant differences in graft patency between groups. Secondary end points occurred more frequently in the in situ group (P=0.03), with 7-year rates of 34±10% in the in situ and 25±12% in the Y grafting groups, driven largely by a higher incidence of repeat revascularization in the in situ group (14±4.5% versus 7.4±3.2% at 7 years; P=0.009). There were no significant differences in hospital mortality or morbidity or in late survival, myocardial infarction, or stroke between groups. Conclusions— Three-year systematic angiographic follow-up revealed no significant difference in graft patency between the 2 BITA configurations. However, compared with in situ configuration, the use of BITA in a Y grafting configuration results in lower rates of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events at 7 years. Clinical Trial Registration— URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01666366. PMID:27406988

  20. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor pathway gene polymorphism associated with extent of coronary artery disease in patients with type 2 diabetes in the bypass angioplasty revascularization investigation 2 diabetes trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cresci, Sharon; Wu, Jun; Province, Michael A; Spertus, John A; Steffes, Michael; McGill, Janet B; Alderman, Edwin L; Brooks, Maria Mori; Kelsey, Sheryl F; Frye, Robert L; Bach, Richard G

    2011-09-27

    Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the major cause of death in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Although demographic and clinical factors associated with extent of CAD in patients with diabetes mellitus have been described, genetic factors have not. We hypothesized that genetic variation in peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) pathway genes, important in diabetes mellitus and atherosclerosis, would be associated with extent of CAD in patients with diabetes mellitus. We genotyped 1043 patients (702 white, 175 blacks) from the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation 2 Diabetes (BARI 2D) genetic cohort for 3351 variants in 223 PPAR pathway genes using a custom targeted-genotyping array. Angiographic end points were determined by a core laboratory. In whites, a single variant (rs1503298) in TLL1 was significantly (P=5.5 × 10(-6)) associated with extent of CAD, defined as number of lesions with percent diameter stenosis ≥20%, after stringent Bonferroni correction for all 3351 single nucleotide polymorphisms. This association was validated in the diabetic subgroups of 2 independent cohorts, the Translational Research Investigating Underlying Disparities in Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients' Health Status (TRIUMPH) post-myocardial infarction registry and the prospective Family Heart Study (FHS) of individuals at risk for CAD. TLL1rs1503298 was also significantly associated with extent of severe CAD (≥70% diameter stenosis; P=3.7 × 10(-2)) and myocardial jeopardy index (P=8.7 × 10(-4)). In general linear regression modeling, TLL1rs1503298 explained more variance of extent of CAD than the previously determined clinical factors. We identified a variant in a single PPAR pathway gene, TLL1, that is associated with the extent of CAD independently of clinical predictors, specifically in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and CAD. Clinical Trial Registration- URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00006305.

  1. Effect of coronary revascularization on the prognosis of patients of coronary artery disease complicated with heart failure%血运重建治疗对冠心病合并心力衰竭患者预后的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛增明; 马长生; 刘新民; 康俊萍; 聂绍平; 董建增

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the effect of coronary revascularization on the prognosis of the patients of coronary artery disease( CAD) complicated with heart failure. Methods This was a single-center retrospective study of 1,163 patients with chronic heart failure and documented CAD. We assessed clinical, angiographic and echocardiographic characteristics, and prognosis after coronary revascularization (PCI or CABG) in those with preserved ( ≥50% ) or reduced ( <50% ) LVEF. Heart failure patients were divided into two groups: 243 with reduced EF ( HFREF) and 920 with preserved EF ( HFPEF). The average follow-up was 548 days. The primary outcome was death of all cances. Results The death during in-hospital period between the HFPEF and the HFREF group was of no significance (x2 = 2. 105,P = 0. 147) . The cumulative survival during follow-up had no difference between the two groups ( log rank = 2. 134, P =0. 161). Age (HR 1. 093 , 95% CI 1. 040 - 1. 148, P < 0. 001 ) was significantly related to the death rate during follow-up. Conclusions The factor affecting prognosis in coronary artery disease patients complicated with heart failure after coronary revascularization is age. Patients with HFPEF may have a similar prognosis after coronary revascularization than those with HFREF.%目的 探讨冠脉血运重建治疗对冠心病合并心衰患者预后的影响.方法 对1163例行冠脉血运重建治疗(包括PCI和CABG)的冠心病合并心衰的患者进行回顾性分析,按左室射血分数是否正常(定义为LVEF≥50%)将患者分为左室射血分数正常组(LVEF≥50%,920例)和左室射血分数降低组(LVEF< 50%,243例),分别评价患者住院期间的临床、血管造影、超声心动图等相关资料并对患者进行长期随访.平均随访时间为548天,一级终点为全因死亡率.结果 左室射血分数正常组和左室射血分数降低组在住院期间死亡率差异无统计学意义(x2=2.105,P=0.147),在随访期间累积生

  2. Case Report: Coronary arterial spasm in single right coronary artery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    En-zhi JIA; Qi-jun SHAN; Zhi-jian YANG; Tie-bing ZHU; Lian-sheng WANG; Ke-jiang CAO; Wen-zhu MA

    2009-01-01

    We presented a case of anomalous single-coronary artery detected incidentally during routine coronary angiography. A 32-year-old male Chinese patient presented with recurrent pre-syncope and six episodes of syncope. Coronary angiography and coronary-computed tomography (CT)-angiography performed by a dual-source computed tomography (DSCT) revealed that the patient had a single large right coronary artery. A moderately large branch originated from the proximal part of the single right coronary artery and extended to the left, passing the anterior to the pulmonary artery, and divided into the anterior descending artery branch and circumflex branch at the base of the left auricular appendage. The episodes of the syncope were suspected to be caused by coronary arterial spasm, so this patient was on a regimen of 30 mg of diltiazem every 6 h and had no recurrence of syncope during follow-up.

  3. Dual anterior descending coronary artery associated with coronary artery disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siqueira Luciane da L. V.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The patient is a male with risk factors for coronary artery disease, who was referred for cardiac catheterization after acute myocardial infarction in the inferior wall. The patient underwent transluminal coronary angioplasty in the right coronary artery with successful stent implantation.

  4. Coronary revascularization treatment based on dual-source computed tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dikkers, R.; Willems, T.P.; Jonge, G.J. de; Zaag-Loonen, H.J. van der; Ooijen, P.M.A. van; Oudkerk, M. [University of Groningen, Department of Radiology, Groningen (Netherlands); University Medical Center, Groningen (Netherlands); Piers, L.H.; Tio, R.A.; Zijlstra, F. [University of Groningen, Department of Cardiology, Groningen (Netherlands); University Medical Center, Groningen (Netherlands)

    2008-09-15

    Therapy advice based on dual-source computed tomography (DSCT) in comparison with coronary angiography (CAG) was investigated and the results evaluated after 1-year follow-up. Thirty-three consecutive patients (mean age 61.9 years) underwent DSCT and CAG and were evaluated independently. In an expert reading (the ''gold standard''), CAG and DSCT examinations were evaluated simultaneously by an experienced radiologist and cardiologist. Based on the presence of significant stenosis and current guidelines, therapy advice was given by all readers blinded from the results of other readings and clinical information. Patients were treated based on a multidisciplinary team evaluation including all clinical information. In comparison with the gold standard, CAG had a higher specificity (91%) and positive predictive value (PPV) (95%) compared with DSCT (82% and 91%, respectively). DSCT had a higher sensitivity (96%) and negative predictive value (NPV) (89%) compared with CAG (91% and 83%, respectively). The DSCT-based therapy advice did not lead to any patient being denied the revascularization they needed according to the multidisciplinary team evaluation. During follow-up, two patients needed additional revascularization. The high NPV for DSCT for revascularization assessment indicates that DSCT could be safely used to select patients benefiting from medical therapy only. (orig.)

  5. The role of oxidized phospholipids, lipoprotein (a) and biomarkers of oxidized lipoproteins in chronically occluded coronary arteries in sudden cardiac death and following successful percutaneous revascularization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fefer, Paul; Tsimikas, Sotirios; Segev, Amit; Sparkes, John; Otsuka, Fumiyuki; Otsuma, Fumiyuki; Kolodgie, Frank; Virmani, Renu; Juliano, Joseph; Charron, Thierry; Strauss, Bradley H

    2012-01-01

    OxPL are pro-inflammatory and may mediate atherogenesis, thrombosis and endothelial dysfunction. We studied the histological presence and temporal increases in oxidized phospholipids on apolipoprotein B-100 particles (OxPL/apoB), lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] and biomarkers of oxidized lipoproteins in subjects with chronic total coronary occlusions (CTO) with sudden cardiac death (SCD) and following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Eight subjects with SCD and CTO and 33 patients with successful PCI of CTO were included. Blood samples were drawn before PCI, immediately post-PCI, at 6 and 24 h, at 3 days and at 1 week. Plasma levels of OxPL/apoB, Lp(a), IgG and IgM autoantibodies to malondialdehyde (MDA) low-density lipoprotein and apoB-immune complexes were measured in all samples and compared with previous data from 141 patients undergoing PCI of non-CTO vessels. Immunohistochemistry of coronary CTOs revealed OxPL and MDA-like epitopes, particularly in areas of recanalized and organized thrombus and neovascularization. Following PCI, OxPL/apoB and Lp(a) levels, expressed as percent change from baseline levels before PCI, rose gradually and progressively over the next 7 days. In contrast, levels of OxPL/apoB and Lp(a) in non-CTO vessels rose immediately post PCI and then dropped rapidly to baseline within 24 h. CTOs contain immunohistological evidence of OxPL and MDA-like epitopes. Successful PCI of CTOs results in a slower increase in OxPL/apoB and Lp(a) but higher increase in IgM immune complexes compared to non-CTO vessels. Pro-inflammatory oxidation-specific epitopes may impact development of CTOs and affect outcomes following PCI that can be evaluated in larger clinical trials. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  6. Target vessel revascularization following percutaneous coronary intervention. A 10-year report from the Danish Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty Registry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Lisette Okkels; Thayssen, Per; Kassis, Eli

    2005-01-01

    .4%). Independent predictors for TVR were: coronary stenting (OR 0.60; 95% CI 0.52-0.69, p stenosis severity (OR 1.01; 95% CI 1.00-1.01, p = 0.03), left anterior descending coronary artery (OR 2.35; 95% CI 1.73-3.19, p ... coronary artery (OR 1.61; 95% CI 1.17-2.20, p = 0.003), sapheneous vein graft (OR 2.03; 95% CI 1.13-3.63, p = 0.017) and age (OR 0.99; 95% CI 0.98-1.00, p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: Coronary stenting, primary success rate, pre-PCI stenosis severity, age and treated vessel were independent predictors for TVR.......OBJECTIVE: To present the rate of target vessel revascularization (TVR) in a consecutive and unselected national population over 10 years. DESIGN: From 1989 to 1998 all percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) performed in Denmark were recorded in the Danish PTCA Registry. RESULTS: From 1989...

  7. Coronary revascularization in a patient with dextrocardia and situs inversus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siddiqi, Mohammad Salman; Al Harrasi, Khoula; Ziadinov, Edem; Al-Sabti, Hilal; Sharma, Ashok Kumar

    2014-10-01

    A few cases of coronary artery bypass surgery in patients with dextrocardia and situs inversus have been reported so far worldwide. This is the first reported case from the Gulf region. The operation was performed with the surgeon standing on the left side. Grafts included right internal mammary artery to the left anterior descending artery, and saphenous vein to the diagonal and obtuse marginal arteries. The patient was discharged home after 12 days, with no complication. He was doing well after 3 months of follow-up.

  8. Current status of coronary artery bypass surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Xin

    2009-01-01

    @@ Surgical revascularization for atherosclerotic heart disease, also called coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), was first performed in 1962, and is one of the great achievements in medicine. Relief of angina, improvement of exercise tolerance, and the realization of survival benefit have been documented.1 CABG has been used in multi-vessel disease and left main stenosis for over 40 years.2 In the last two decades the mortality of CABG has decreased to less than 2% despite an aging population with increased risk factors. However, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), especially with drug-eluting stents, has been challenging CABG, While PCI has improved, CABG has also progressed with better peri-operative management, a higher use of arterial grafting, off-pump surgery, and improved techniques with minimally invasive surgical options.3,4

  9. Off-Pump Complete Coronary Revascularization with 860 Cases and Two Year Experience

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢斌; 张镜芳; Pravin Kuma; Devi Prasad Shetty

    2002-01-01

    Background Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) produces a well-documented diffuse inflammatory response that affects multiple organ systems. To avoid the deleterious effects of cardiopulmonary bypass, off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting is becoming increasingly popular world- wide.We reviewed our experience of complete coronary artery revascularization on the beating heart without CPB.Methods From Aug 1998 to Aug 2000, 860off-pump revascularizations (99 % since January 1999) were performed at Manipal Hospital Heart Foundation. The patients consist of males 757(88%), females 103(12%) . Averaged age 64. 2±15years. All surgeries were performed through a median sternotomy. Exposure techniques are tailored to individual vessels and cardiac regions. Local immobilization is performed with octopus. Vascular control is achieved with occluders and shunts. Results Among 860 off-pump CABG patients. Single graft 72(8.3 % ), two grafts 208 (24. 2 % ), three grafts 469(54.5 % ), four grafts 101 (11.8 % ), five graft 10(1.2 % ) . The average number of grafts per patient was 2.72 ±0. 32. Operative mortality was 0.69 % (6patients). Anesthetic time 3.9 + 1.2hours, extubation time 6 ± 2. 5 hours, Blood requirement 360 ±90 ml,Preoperative LVEF 60.2 + 8.5 %, Post LVEF 64. 1 +14 % Low cardiac output 48 patients (5.6 % ), IABP requirement: 25 patients(2.9 %), 25 patients converted to CPB during OP-CAB (2.9 % ) and 20 of them were done with on pump beating heart. 25 patientsshowed myocardial ischemic and 16 patients showed perioperative myocardial infarction. ICU stay 1. 1 ± 0.8days, hospital stay 6.2±1.1 days. Conclusion Off-pump coronary artery bypass in complete revas cularization is a safe, effective technique and suitable.

  10. Coronary artery anatomy and variants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Malago, Roberto; Pezzato, Andrea; Barbiani, Camilla; Alfonsi, Ugolino; Nicoli, Lisa; Caliari, Giuliana; Pozzi Mucelli, Roberto [Policlinico G.B. Rossi, University of Verona, Department of Radiology, Verona (Italy)

    2011-12-15

    Variants and congenital anomalies of the coronary arteries are usually asymptomatic, but may present with severe chest pain or cardiac arrest. The introduction of multidetector CT coronary angiography (MDCT-CA) allows the detection of significant coronary artery stenosis. Improved performance with isotropic spatial resolution and higher temporal resolution provides a valid alternative to conventional coronary angiography (CCA) in many patients. MDCT-CA is now considered the ideal tool for three-dimensional visualization of the complex and tortuous anatomy of the coronary arteries. With multiplanar and volume-rendered reconstructions, MDCT-CA may even outperform CCA in determining the relative position of vessels, thus providing a better view of the coronary vascular anatomy. The purpose of this review is to describe the normal anatomy of the coronary arteries and their main variants based on MDCT-CA with appropriate reconstructions. (orig.)

  11. Rescue Arterial Revascularization Using Cryopreserved Iliac Artery Allograft in Liver Transplant Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohkam, Kayvan; Darnis, Benjamin; Rode, Agnès; Hetsch, Nathalie; Balbo, Gregorio; Bourgeot, Jean-Paul; Mezoughi, Salim; Demian, Hassan; Ducerf, Christian; Mabrut, Jean-Yves

    2017-08-01

    Management of hepatic arterial complications after liver transplant remains challenging. The aim of our study was to assess the efficacy of rescue arterial revascularization using cryopreserved iliac artery allografts in this setting. Medical records of patients with liver transplants who underwent rescue arterial revascularization using cryopreserved iliac artery allografts at a single institution were reviewed. From 1992 to 2015, 7 patients underwent rescue arterial revascularization using cryopreserved iliac artery allografts for hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm (3 patients), thrombosis (2 patients), aneurysm (1 patient), or stenosis (1 patient). Two patients developed severe complications, comprising one biliary leakage treated percutaneously, and one acute necrotizing pancreatitis causing death on postoperative day 29. After a median follow-up of 75 months (range, 1-269 mo), 2 patients had an uneventful long-term course, whereas 4 patients developed graft thrombosis after a median period of 120 days (range, 2-488 d). Among the 4 patients who developed graft thrombosis, 1 patient developed ischemic cholangitis, 1 developed acute ischemic hepatic necrosis and was retransplanted, and 2 patients did not develop any further complications. Despite a high rate of allograft thrombosis, rescue arterial revascularization using cryopreserved iliac artery allografts after liver transplant is an effective and readily available approach, with a limited risk of infection and satisfactory long-term graft and patient survival.

  12. Robotically-Assisted Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thierry A. Folliguet

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. Robotic surgery enables to perform coronary surgery totally endoscopically. This report describes our experience using the da Vinci system for coronary artery bypass surgery. Methods. Patients requiring single-or-double vessel revascularization were eligible. The procedure was performed without cardiopulmonary bypass on a beating heart. Results. From April 2004 to May 2008, fifty-six patients were enrolled in the study. Twenty-four patients underwent robotic harvesting of the mammary conduit followed by minimal invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB, and twenty-three patients had a totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass (TECAB grafting. Nine patients (16% were converted to open techniques. The mean total operating time for TECAB was 372±104 minutes and for MIDCAB was 220±69 minutes. Followup was complete for all patients up to one year. There was one hospital death following MIDCAB and two deaths at follow up. Forty-eight patients had an angiogram or CT scan revealing occlusion or anastomotic stenoses (>50% in 6 patients. Overall permeability was 92%. Conclusions. Robotic surgery can be performed with promising results.

  13. Application of SYNTAX score in choosing the optimal revascularization strategies in patients with complex coronary artery disease%SYNTAX积分用于复杂冠心病患者血运重建策略价值研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何继强; 玉献鹏; 李全; 高阅春; 孙广龙; 于洋; 吴强; 陈方

    2013-01-01

    Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate SYNTAX score,role in guiding the choice of optimal revascularization strategies in patients with complex coronary artery disease.Methods 361 consecutive patients with de novo left main or three-vessel coronary artery disease (CAD) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stent (n =191) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) (n =170) between Jan.2008 and Dec.2008 were prospectively studied.Their angiograms were scored according to the SYNTAX score.The patients were divided into three groups according to the SYNTAX score;the lowest SYNTAX score (SYNTAX score ≤ 22),intermediate SYNTAX score (SYNTAX score of 23 to 32),and the highest SYNTAX score (SYNTAX score ≥ 33).The primary end point of this study were defined as the rate of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) at 2 years.The MACCE-free survival curves were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method.Propensity score analysis was performed using a stratified Cox regression with treatment strategy (PCI vs CABG) as a fixed dummy covariate.Results The overall SYNTAX score ranged from 5 to 65 with mean ± standard deviation of 29.8 ± 11.7.The rate of MACCE at 2 years in the PCI group was significantly higher than that in CABG group (15.7% vs 10.0%,P =0.038).Patients with the lowest or intermediate scores in two groups had similar rate of 2-year MACCE,whereas among patients with the highest scores,the event rate was significantly increased in the PCI group (28.1% vs 11.1%,P =0.011).Conclusion The overall rate of 2-year MACCE in the PCI group was significantly higher compared with CABG.The rate of 2-year MACCE was similar between the two treatment groups for patients with the lowest or intermediate SYNTAX scores.Among patients with highest SYNTAX scores,those in the PCI group had a significantly higher 2-year MACCE rate than those in the CABG group.%目的 评价SYNTAX积分在指导复杂冠心病患者血运

  14. Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tweet, Marysia S; Gulati, Rajiv; Hayes, Sharonne N

    2016-07-01

    Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is an important etiology of nonatherosclerotic acute coronary syndrome, myocardial infarction, and sudden death. Innovations in the catheterization laboratory including optical coherence tomography and intravascular ultrasound have enhanced the ability to visualize intimal disruption and intramural hematoma associated with SCAD. Formerly considered "rare," these technological advances and heightened awareness suggest that SCAD is more prevalent than prior estimates. SCAD is associated with female sex, young age, extreme emotional stress, or extreme exertion, pregnancy, and fibromuscular dysplasia. The clinical characteristics and management strategies of SCAD patients are different than for atherosclerotic heart disease and deserve specific consideration. This review will highlight recent discoveries about SCAD as well as describe current efforts to elucidate remaining gaps in knowledge.

  15. [Clinical results of double versus single mammary artery myocardiac revascularization: 15 years of follow-up].

    Science.gov (United States)

    López Rodríguez, F J; Voces, R; Lima, P; Reyes, G; Silva, J; Ruiz, M; Rico, M; González De Diego, F; Fortuny, R; Garrido, G; González Santos, J M; Albertos, J; Fernández Calella, D; Vallejo, J L

    2001-07-01

    Use of the left internal mammary artery to bypass the left anterior descending coronary artery reduces cardiac events and increases survival. However, there is some controversy as to the benefits of using both mammary arteries. To assess the long-term outcome of the use of both mammary arteries in comparison with the use of only one. A retrospective cohort study with a mean follow-up of 9.0 +/- 4.2 years was performed including 108 patients consecutively revascularized using both mammary arteries (II) and 108 patients randomly chosen in whom one mammary artery (I) was used for this purpose. Both groups were similar. There were no differences between the groups in operative morbidity or mortality. The survival at 10 years was similar (II: 84.61 +/- 4%; I: 85.18 +/- 3.8%), whereas recurrence of angina (II: 29.63 +/- 5.3%; I: 47.55 +/- 5.6%) (p = 0.012), the requirement for percutaneous angioplasty (II: 3.98 +/- 2%; I: 12.99 +/- 4.1%) (p = 0.009) and cardiologic events (II: 33.48 +/- 5.5%; I: 48.48 +/- 5.5%)(p = 0.022) were all lower in the group in which both mammary arteries were used. In the multivariate analysis, the use of both mammary arteries was an independent protective factor against angina recurrence (RR = 0.55), angioplasty (RR = 0.18) and cardiologic event (RR = 0.60). The use of both mammary arteries for revascularization does not increase operative morbidity. Since this procedure acts as an independent factor against angina recurrence, angioplasty and cardiologic event

  16. Coronary Artery Disease - Coronary Heart Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... result of coronary artery disease, or CAD, said Edward A. Fisher, M.D., Ph.D., M.P. ... Problems and Disease • High Blood Pressure (HBP) • Metabolic Syndrome • Pericarditis • Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) • Stroke • Vascular Health • ...

  17. Determinants and prognostic significance of collaterals in patients undergoing coronary revascularization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nathoe, Hendrik M; Koerselman, Jeroen; Buskens, Erik; van Dijk, Diederik; Stella, Pieter R; Plokker, Thijs H W; Doevendans, Pieter A F M; Grobbee, Diederick E; de Jaegere, Peter P T

    2006-07-01

    There is evidence that coronary collaterals improve the prognosis in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI). However, there is limited clinical information on the protective role of collaterals in patients with stable coronary artery disease. This information may help risk stratification and the development of novel therapies, such as arteriogenesis and angiogenesis. The relation between collaterals and cardiac death or MI at 1 year after coronary revascularization was studied in 561 patients who were enrolled in a randomized study that compared stent implantation with bypass grafting. Collaterals were assessed on an angiogram using Rentrop's classification and considered present with a Rentrop grade >1. Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios for cardiac death or MI at 1 year were calculated using univariate and multivariate regression analyses. In addition, determinants of collaterals were assessed using univariate and multivariate analyses. Collaterals were present in 176 patients (31%). The adjusted odds ratio of cardiac death or infarction was 0.18 (95% confidence interval 0.04 to 0.78) in the presence of collaterals. Independent determinants of collaterals were age (odds ratio 0.97, 95% confidence interval 0.95 to 0.99), multivessel disease (odds ratio 1.60, 95% confidence interval 1.02 to 2.51), impaired ventricular function (odds ratio 1.85, 95% confidence interval 1.04 to 3.29), type C lesion (odds ratio 3.72, 95% confidence interval 2.33 to 5.95), and stenosis severity >90% (odds ratio 9.08, 95% confidence interval 4.65 to 17.73). In conclusion, in patients with a low risk profile, the presence of collaterals protects against cardiac death and MI at 1 year after coronary revascularization. Variables that reflect the duration and severity of the atherosclerotic and ischemic burden determine their presence.

  18. Correlations Between the Gradient of Contrast Density, Evaluated by Cardio CT, and Functional Significance of Coronary Artery Stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orzan Marius

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Assessment of the hemodynamic significance of a coronary artery stenosis is a challenging task, being extremely important for the establishment of indication for revascularization in atherosclerotic coronary artery stenosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of a new marker reflecting the functional significance of a coronary artery stenosis, represented by the attenuation degree of contrast density along the stenosis by Coronary CT.

  19. Coronary revascularization in adults with dextrocardia: surgical implications of the anatomic variants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murtuza, Bari; Gupta, Prity; Goli, Giri; Lall, Kulvinder S

    2010-01-01

    Most reports of coronary artery bypass grafting in adult patients with dextrocardia have focused on the surgeon's position with respect to the operating table. Herein, we describe the cases of 2 patients with dextrocardia who underwent surgery at our own institution, then discuss preoperative evaluation, surgical approaches, and patient outcomes that have been reported in the medical literature. Whereas most patients, including ours, have presented with classic situs inversus totalis and dextrocardia, a few patients have had other associated anomalies or atypical morphologic conditions. Careful imaging, and perhaps cardiac catheterization, is required. Particular attention should be paid to cannulation technique and conduits that can best be used within the altered orientation of the heart. Morbidity rates in these revascularized patients seem comparable with those in coronary artery bypass patients whose coronary anatomy is normal. Anatomic variants in dextrocardia are important from the surgical viewpoint due to the increasing population of patients with repaired congenital heart disease who reach adulthood, and in whom other cardiac defects and abnormalities of cardiac position are common.

  20. Early Results of Coronary Endarterectomy Combined with Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in Patients with Diffused Coronary Artery Disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li-Qun Chi; Jian-Qun Zhang; Qing-Yu Kong; Wei Xiao; Lin Liang; Xin-Liang Chen

    2015-01-01

    Background:It is still a challenge for the cardiac surgeons to achieve adequate revascularization for diffused coronary artery disease (CAD).Coronary endarterectomy (CE) offers an alternative choice of coronary artery reconstruction and revascularization.In this study,short-term result of CE combined with coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) was discussed in the treatment for the diffused CAD.Methods:From January 2012 to April 2014,221 cases of CABG were performed by the same surgeon in our unit.Among these cases,38 cases of CE + CABG were performed,which was about 17.2% (38/221) of the cohort.All these patients were divided into two groups:CE + CABG group (Group A) and CABG alone group (Group B).All clinical data were compared between the two groups,and postoperative complications and in-hospital mortality were analyzed.The categorical and continuous variables were analyzed by Chi-square test and Student's t-test respectively.Results:Diabetes mellitus,hypertension,hyperlipidemia,and peripheral vascular disease were more common in group A.In this cohort,a total of 50 vessels were endarterectomized.Among them,CE was performed on left anterior descending artery in 11 cases,on right coronary artery in 29 cases,on diagonal artery in 3 cases,on intermediate artery in 2 cases,on obtuse marginal artery in 5 cases.There was no hospital mortality in both groups.The intro-aortic balloon pump was required in 3 cases in Group A (3/38),which was more often than that in Group B (3/183).At the time of follow-up,coronary computed tomography angiogram showed all the grafts with CE were patent (50/50).There is no cardio-related mortality in both groups.All these patients were free from coronary re-intervention.Conclusions:Coronary endarterectomy + CABG can offer satisfactory result for patients with diffused CAD in a short-term after the operation.

  1. Prognostic assessment of stable coronary artery disease as determined by coronary computed tomography angiography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Lene H; Bøtker, Hans Erik; Sørensen, Henrik T

    2016-01-01

    AIMS: To examine the 3.5 year prognosis of stable coronary artery disease (CAD) as assessed by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) in real-world clinical practice, overall and within subgroups of patients according to age, sex, and comorbidity. METHODS AND RESULTS: This cohort study i......, and comorbidity. CONCLUSION: Coronary artery disease determined by CCTA in real-world practice predicts the 3.5 year composite risk of late revascularization, myocardial infarction, and all-cause death across different groups of age, sex, or comorbidity burden.......AIMS: To examine the 3.5 year prognosis of stable coronary artery disease (CAD) as assessed by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) in real-world clinical practice, overall and within subgroups of patients according to age, sex, and comorbidity. METHODS AND RESULTS: This cohort study...

  2. Prognostic utility of BCIS myocardial jeopardy score for classification of coronary disease burden and completeness of revascularization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Silva, Kalpa; Morton, Geraint; Sicard, Pierre; Chong, Eric; Indermuehle, Andreas; Clapp, Brian; Thomas, Martyn; Redwood, Simon; Perera, Divaka

    2013-01-15

    Several coronary disease scoring systems have been developed to predict procedural risk during revascularization. Many vary in complexity, do not specifically account for myocardium at risk, and are not applicable across all patient subsets. The British Cardiovascular Intervention Society myocardial jeopardy score (BCIS-JS) addresses these limitations and is applicable to all patients, including those with coronary artery bypass grafts or left main stem disease. We assessed the prognostic relevance of the BCIS-JS in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A total of 663 patients who underwent PCI with previous left ventricular function assessment were retrospectively assessed for inclusion, incorporating 221 with previous coronary artery bypass grafting. Blinded observers calculated the BCIS-JS, before (BCIS-JS(PRE)) and after (BCIS-JS(POST)) PCI, using the revascularization index (RI) (RI = [BCIS-JS(PRE) - BCIS-JS(POST)]/BCIS-JS(PRE)), quantifying the extent of revascularization, 1 indicating full revascularization and 0 indicating no revascularization. The primary end point all-cause mortality, tracked via the Office of National Statistics. A total of 660 patients were included (66 ± 10.7 years), with 43 deaths (6.5%) occurring during 2.6 ± 1.1 years after PCI. All-cause mortality was directly related to BCIS-JS(PRE) (hazard ratio [HR] 2.96, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.71 to 5.15, p = 0.001) and BCIS-JS(POST) (HR 4.02, 95% CI 2.41 to 6.68, p = 0.001). A RI of <0.67 was associated with increased mortality compared to a RI of ≥0.67 (HR 4.13, 95% CI 1.91 to 8.91, p = 0.0001). On multivariate analysis, a RI <0.67 (HR 1.99, 95% CI 1.03 to 3.87, p = 0.04), left ventricular dysfunction (HR 2.03, 95% CI 1.25 to 3.30, p = 0.004) and renal impairment (HR 3.75, 95% CI 1.48 to 8.64, p = 0.005) were independent predictors of mortality. In conclusion, the BCIS-JS predicts mortality after PCI and can assess the degree of revascularization

  3. Debate over patient-centered care: percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawasuji, Michio

    2011-04-01

    Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have developed as effective therapies to treat coronary artery disease. Initial CABG is associated with lower mortality than initial medical management, especially among high- and intermediate-risk patients with coronary artery disease. However, PCI is currently the most frequent initial treatment delivered by interventional cardiologists to treat multivessel coronary artery disease, despite substantial evidence from meta-analyses of randomized trials and registry data favoring CABG. Recent advancements in PCI did not result in detectable improvements in death or myocardial infarction compared with medical therapy, although significant reductions in target lesions or vessel revascularization were identified after implantation of a drug-eluting stent (DES) rather than a bare-metal stent. The SYNTAX trial compared patients with left main and/or three-vessel coronary artery disease treated with DES or CABG. The results of the trial demonstrated the 1-year inferiority of PCI compared with CABG with respect to major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events. Nevertheless, patients with coronary artery disease continue to receive more recommendations for PCI and fewer for CABG than are indicated in the guidelines. A multidisciplinary team approach should be the standard of care when recommending interventions for treating complex coronary artery disease among patients for whom CABG is superior in terms of survival and freedom from reintervention.

  4. Robotics and coronary artery surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magee, Mitchell J; Mack, Michael J

    2002-11-01

    Significant progress in cardiac surgery, and specifically the surgical management of coronary artery disease, has been due in large part to enabling technology. Robotic systems have been recently developed and refined for use in cardiac surgery to facilitate, among other procedures, a totally endoscopic approach to coronary artery bypass surgery. These systems enhance precision through endoscopic approaches by specifically addressing the inherent limitations of conventional endoscopic coronary microsurgical instrumentation via computerized, digital interface, telemanipulation technology. With a combined experience of 125 patients, several groups have independently demonstrated the clinical feasibility of totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass with two commercially available robotic telemanipulation systems. Additional enabling technology is needed to overcome the challenges currently limiting development and widespread application of totally endoscopic off-pump multivessel coronary artery bypass surgery.

  5. Off-pump Coronary Endarterectomy and Bypass Grafting in Patients With Diffuse Coronary Artery Disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Xin; Xu Ming; Jiang Yinshuo; Sui Kaihu; Qiu Zhibing; Wang Liming; Liu Peisheng

    2006-01-01

    Objectives To summarize our preliminary experience on off-pump coronary endarterectomy and bypass grafting in patients with diffuse coronary artery disease. Methods Over a 3-year period, 53 patients (41 male) with diffuse coronary artery disease underwent off-pump coronary endarterectomy and bypass grafting at our institution.Patients' age ranged from 55 to 79 years. Prior to surgery, 70% of patients were in CCS angina class 2 (n=5) or 3 (n=32), and nearly half of them (26/53) had history of myocardial infarction. Most patients (n=50) had triple vessel lesions, with left main stem involvement in 9. Their left ventricular ejection fraction ranged from 26% to 65% (mean 52%). At the end of operation, a flow-meter was routinely applied to measure the perfusion flow of each postendarterectomy graft. Results In total, 70 endarterectomies were performed in 53 patients, including 38 in left anterior descending artery (LAD), 8 in circumflex artery and 24 in right coronary artery. Four operations were emergency or urgent in nature. Five patients received on-lay venous patch after endarterectomy in LAD, followed by left internal mammary artery (LIMA) grafting on the patch. The graft conduits included 53 LIMAs and 2 radial arteries,and saphenous veins in others. Mean number of grafts per patient was 3.75. The overall index of completeness of revascularization reached 1.03±0.07. There was no death in this group of patients during their post-operative hospital stay (mean duration = 9 days).Intra-operatively, 63 (90%) out of the 70 grafts after coronary endarterectomy showed satisfactory flow. Two patients had perioperative myocardial infarctions but neither experienced significant hemodynamic deteriations. Conclusions Off-pump coronary endarterectomy with bypass grafting is technically feasible and can be performed safely in patients with diffuse coronary artery disease. This strategy may help to improve the completeness of myocardial revascularization.

  6. [Pain caused by brachial plexus injury during coronary revascularization. Report of 3 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martín, M A; Marí, C; Miranda, A F; Burón, J A; Fernández, F E; Suárez, R

    1992-01-01

    We report three cases of injury of the brachial plexus after coronary revascularization surgery. During the postoperative phase all patients presented plexopathy involving the left C8 and D1 roots. The symptoms were pain, paresthesia, and motor deficits. The proposed mechanisms for injury of the brachial plexus during cardiac surgery are: hyperabduction of the arm, direct traumatism produced by the needle during catheterization of the internal jugular vein, and traction and compression associated with sternal retraction. In the three patients we ruled out alterations during cannulation of the internal jugular vein and malposition of the arms. We think that in our cases the fundamental mechanism was an excessive and assymetrical opening of sternal and Favoloro's separators that were used in all cases during dissection of the left internal mammary artery. We conclude that injury of the brachial plexus can be minimized by reducing the opening of both separators and by placing Favaloro's separator in a lower position.

  7. Uso rutinario del balón de contra-pulsación aórtica preoperatorio en pacientes con enfermedad del tronco común izquierdo sometidos a cirugía de revascularización coronaria Routine use of preoperative intra-aortic balloon pump counterpulsation (IABP implantation in patients with left main coronary artery disease undergoing coronary revascularization surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Fernández

    2008-08-01

    cuidados intensivos se infectaron 6,5% de los pacientes con balón y 3% del grupo sin balón (p=0,49 y hubo sepsis en 4,3% del grupo con balón y en ninguno del grupo restante (p=0,23. La letalidad en la unidad de cuidados intensivos se presentó en 2,2% del grupo de balón y en 3% del otro grupo (p=0,06. No ocurrió mortalidad intrahospitalaria fuera de la unidad de cuidados intensivos como tampoco mortalidad a 30 días después del alta. El tiempo de estancia en la misma unidad fue de 4,13 días en el grupo de balón y 2,7 días en el grupo sin balón, sin diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre éstos (p=0,154. El tiempo de ventilación mecánica en el grupo de balón fue de 1,96 días mientras que en el otro grupo fue de 1,18 días sin diferencia estadísticamente significativa (p=0,288. Con respecto a los pacientes que recibieron balón de contra pulsación intra-aórtico, el promedio de uso de balón fue de 1,32 días y no se presentaron complicaciones vasculares relacionadas con su uso. Conclusiones: este estudio sugiere que con el uso rutinario del balón de contra pulsación aórtica previo a la cirugía electiva de revascularización coronaria en pacientes cuya única indicación sea la lesión severa del tronco común izquierdo, no se obtiene beneficio en cuanto a letalidad y tiempo de estancia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos, ni con respecto al tiempo de ventilación mecánica. Tampoco se encontró mayor riesgo de desarrollar infección o sepsis en la misma unidad.Background: Left main coronary artery disease as the only criterion for intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation implantation is an indication which evidence is limited to experts’ recommendations; therefore, studies that may give a higher level of evidence are required. For this reason, we developed in our institution a study that evaluated the experience in the use of IABP in patients with left main coronary artery disease undergoing coronary revascularization surgery. Objective

  8. Coronary CT angiography in coronary artery disease: Opportunities and challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhonghua Sun

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Coronary CT angiography is widely recognised as a reliable imaging modality for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease. Coronary CT angiography not only provides excellent visualisation of anatomical changes in the coronary artery with high diagnostic value in the detection of lumen stenosis or occlusion, but also offers quantitative characterisation of coronary plaque components. Furthermore, coronary CT angiography allows myocardial perfusion imaging with diagnostic value comparable to the reference standard method. Coronary CT angiography-derived haemodynamic analysis has the potential to evaluate functional significance of coronary lesions. This review article aims to provide an overview of clinical applications of coronary CT angiography in coronary artery disease.

  9. Quality of life after PCI with drug-eluting stents or coronary-artery bypass surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.J. Cohen (David J.); B.A. van Hout (Ben); P.W.J.C. Serruys (Patrick); F.W. Mohr (Friedrich); C.M. Miguel (Carlos); P. den Heijer (Peter); M.M. Vrakking (M. M.); K.K. Wang (Kenneth); E.M. Mahoney (Elizabeth M.); S. Audi (Salma); K. Leadly (Katrin); K.D. Dawkins (Keith); A.P. Kappetein (Arie Pieter)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that among patients undergoing multivessel revascularization, coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG), as compared with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) either by means of balloon angioplasty or with the use of bare-metal stents, results in

  10. Quality of life after PCI with drug-eluting stents or coronary-artery bypass surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.J. Cohen (David J.); B.A. van Hout (Ben); P.W.J.C. Serruys (Patrick); F.W. Mohr (Friedrich); C.M. Miguel (Carlos); P. den Heijer (Peter); M.M. Vrakking (M. M.); K.K. Wang (Kenneth); E.M. Mahoney (Elizabeth M.); S. Audi (Salma); K. Leadly (Katrin); K.D. Dawkins (Keith); A.P. Kappetein (Arie Pieter)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that among patients undergoing multivessel revascularization, coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG), as compared with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) either by means of balloon angioplasty or with the use of bare-metal stents, results in

  11. Diabetes is a predictor of coronary artery stenosis in patients hospitalized with heart failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kosuga, Tsuneharu; Komukai, Kimiaki; Miyanaga, Satoru; Kubota, Takeyuki; Nakata, Kotaro; Suzuki, Kenichiro; Yamada, Takayuki; Yoshida, Jun; Kimura, Haruka; Yoshimura, Michihiro

    2016-05-01

    In patients with heart failure, coronary artery disease is the most common underlying heart disease, and is associated with increased mortality. However, estimating the presence or absence of coronary artery disease in patients with heart failure is sometimes difficult without coronary imaging. We reviewed 155 consecutive patients hospitalized with heart failure who underwent coronary angiography. The patients were divided into two groups: patients with (N = 59) and without (N = 96) coronary artery stenosis. The clinical characteristics and blood sampling data were compared between the two groups. The patients with coronary artery stenosis were older than those without. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM), dyslipidemia and a history of revascularization was higher in the patients with coronary artery stenosis. Patients with coronary artery stenosis tended to have wall motion asynergy more frequently than those without. On the other hand, the prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) was lower in patients with coronary artery stenosis. The serum hemoglobin level and estimated glomerular filtration rate were lower in patients with coronary artery stenosis than in those without. In the multivariate analysis, DM (odds ratio 3.517, 95 % CI 1.601-7.727) was found to be the only the predictor of the presence of coronary artery stenosis in patients with heart failure. In conclusion, coronary imaging is strongly recommended for heart failure patients with DM to confirm the presence of coronary artery stenosis.

  12. 52. Early revascularization on veno-arterial ECMO for patients with cardiogenic shock post stemi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Alkhamees

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Refractory Cardiogenic shock (CS complicates 5–7% of cases of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI, and is a leading cause of hospital death after myocardial infarction. CS complicating acute myocardial infarction continues to have a high mortality of 60–80% despite early revascularization and adjunctive therapies. We studied the effectiveness of veno-arterial (VA – Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenator (ECMO for the patients with CS post STEMI during coronary angiography at our institute. Between January 2014 to April 2015, 8 male patients who suffered from progressive severe refractory CS post STEMI underwent emergent peripheral VA-ECMO implantation while performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation during coronary angiography. 7 patients of underwent PCI, while 1 patient was not amenable to PCI or CABG. The mean duration of support was 8.5 ± 5.8 days. 6 patients were successfully weaned from ECMO. While on ECMO support, 2 patients died. Mean EF after ECMO explantation was 32.5% ± 10.5%. The 30-day survival was 50%. Early revascularization on ECMO allows supporting hemodynamic efficiently in cardiogenic shock patients.

  13. Women With Early Menopause Have Higher Rates of Target Lesion Revascularization After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Linlin; Wang, Zhijian; Liu, Xiaoli; Zhou, Zhiming; Zhao, Yingxin; Shi, Dongmei; Liu, Yuyang; Liang, Jing; Yang, Lixia; Chai, Meng; Zhou, Yujie

    2016-04-01

    Early menopause has been found to be associated with higher risk of cardiovascular disease. Our objective was to investigate the impact of early menopause on clinical outcomes for women undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We observed female patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing PCI and found that women with early menopause (≤46 years old) were more likely to have CAD risk factors and more severe coronary lesions. During the 18-month follow-up, early menopause was associated with similar risk of death and myocardial infarction but higher risk of target lesion revascularization (TLR; 7.8% vs 5.3%, P = .003) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs; 11.3% vs 9.0%, P = .007). After adjustment, early menopause was an independent risk factor for 18-month MACEs (hazard ratio [HR], 1.54; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.18-2.00) and TLR (HR 1.61; 95% CI 1.21-2.13). In conclusion, for women undergoing PCI, early menopause is associated with higher risk of MACE, which is mainly driven by risk of TLR. © The Author(s) 2015.

  14. [Is coronary artery disease different in women?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schiele, François; Chopard, Romain

    2014-01-01

    Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the primary cause of death in women. Although acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is relatively infrequent in young women, failure to recognize ACS in this population can incur a major risk and registry data show that there is still plenty of room for improvement in this area. Women may suffer from "classical" CAD with development of atherosclerosis with a delay of about 10 years as compared to men, reflecting hormonal protection in women. Besides this classical presentation, angina in women often corresponds to impaired microcirculation, a syndrome known to associate typical angina, demonstrable myocardial ischemia, but no lesions on the coronary angiography. Finally, spasm, spontaneous dissection or coronary thrombosis through endothelial rupture are more frequent in women. The influence of risk factors on the development of CAD is comparable in both women and men. Recent registry studies show that in France, in particular, diabetes, obesity, and smoking are all risk factors that are on the rise in women. In addition, certain other risk factors are more specific to women, namely psycho-social stress. The methods to evaluate risk and detect CAD were mainly developed in male study populations, and these tools thus perform less well in female patients. In case of ACS, women benefit just as much from invasive management, but are at greater risk of iatrogenic complications, particularly with anti-thrombotic therapy or during revascularization procedures.

  15. Anomalous origin of right coronary artery from pulmonary artery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajat Gupta

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Anomalous origin of coronary artery from the pulmonary artery is a rare anomaly that most frequently involves the left coronary artery and very rarely the right coronary artery. These lesions can be missed on echocardiography unless carefully looked for. We describe a case of isolated anomalous origin of right coronary artery from pulmonary artery diagnosed on echocardiography and confirmed by computed tomography (CT angiography.

  16. Comparison of different multivessel revascularization methods in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients accom-panying with coronary artery disease%2型糖尿病合并冠心病多支血管病变血运重建方式选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宏; 侯凯; 丛洪良; 李曦铭; 李作成

    2014-01-01

    Objective To compare two different revascularization methods in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with multivessel coronary artery disease treated by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass graft ( CABG) .Methods T2DM patients with multivessel disease undergoing success-ful PCI or CABG were enrolled in the study .They were diagnosed by coronary angiography ( CAG) in Tianjin Chest Hospital from May 2009 to May 2010 whose.The patients were followed up for 3 years.The information of patients including physical performance , clinical features , and laboratory examination results were collected .The major ad-verse cardio cerebral events(MACCE)including death, myocardial infarction(MI), revascularization, angina pecto-ris, heart failure, and stroke were collected.Results During the 3 years of follow-up, MACCE(31.58% vs 17.68%, P<0.01), death(4.82%vs 1.10%, P<0.05), MI(4.39%vs 1.10%, P<0.05), angina pectoris (17.27%vs 10.50%, P<0.05)occurred more frequently in PCI group than in CABG group .Conclusion Evi-dences now tend to support CABG for revascularization in T 2DM patients with multivessel disease .%目的:比较2型糖尿病(type 2 diabetes mellitus,T2DM)合并冠心病多支血管病变患者接受经皮冠状动脉介入治疗( percutaneous coronary intervention ,PCI)或冠状动脉旁路移植术( coronary artery by-pass graft,CABG)3年后的预后情况,探讨该类患者如何选择再血管化治疗方式。方法选择2009年5月1日至2010年5月31日于天津市胸科医院连续进行的冠状动脉造影( coronary angiography ,CAG)确诊T2DM伴多支血管病变并成功行PCI或CABG治疗且病例及随访资料完整者,进行为期3年的随访,收集患者一般情况、临床指标、实验室检查指标等信息,分析死亡、心肌梗死、再次血运重建、再发心绞痛、心力衰竭、卒中等主要不良心脑血管事件( major adverse cardio cerebral events

  17. Ten years patency of left internal mammary artery trunk dissection graft after coronary artery bypass procedure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENG Yu-tong; YU Jian-bo; SUN Tao; QUE Bin; WANG Su; LI Zhi-zhong

    2010-01-01

    @@ The left internal mammary artery (LIMA) had become the conduit of choice for myocardial revascularization, since it has been proved that 10 years patency rates of LIMA grafts are more than 90%. 1,2 The arterial graft trunk dissection is a rare event, affecting the procedure effects and related to reoperation.3 According to Kim and coworker's study,4 the arterial graft trunkdelayed dissection manifested by early post-operative angiography only occurred in 6 of 1111 of the off-pump coronary artery bypass grafts. So up to now, the consequence of dissections without severe hemodynamicabnormality is beyond our knowledge.

  18. Subclinical Coronary Plaque Burden in Asymptomatic Relatives of Patients With Documented Premature Coronary Artery Disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Morten Krogh; Jensen, Jesper Møller; Bøtker, Hans Erik

    Introduction: A family history of premature coronary artery disease (CAD) is a well-known risk factor for adverse coronary events with age of onset being inversely related to the degree of heritability. Hypothesis: We hypothesized that asymptomatic first degree relatives, of patients with premature...... CAD, suffer a high burden of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis. Methods: First degree relatives, aged 30-65 years, of patients with a documented coronary revascularization procedure before the age of 40 years, were invited to participate in the study. Participants were matched by age, sex...... and absence of a family history, with patients referred for coronary CT angiography (CTA) because of atypical angina or non-anginal chest pain. A pooled blinded analysis was performed. The main outcome measure was the number of plaque-affected coronary segments. Results: 88 relatives and 88 symptomatic...

  19. Gene therapy and angiogenesis in patients with coronary artery disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kastrup, Jens

    2010-01-01

    Not all patients with severe coronary artery disease can be treated satisfactorily with current recommended medications and revascularization techniques. Various vascular growth factors have the potential to induce angiogenesis in ischemic tissue. Clinical trials have only evaluated the effect...... of VEGF and FGF in patients with coronary artery disease. The initial small and unblinded studies with either recombinant growth factor proteins or genes encoding growth factors were encouraging, demonstrating both clinical improvement and evidence of angiogenesis. However, subsequent larger double...... an improvement in clinical results can be obtained with a cocktail of growth factors or by a combination of gene and stem cell therapy in patients with severe coronary artery disease, which cannot be treated effectively with current treatment strategies....

  20. Instantaneous wave-free ratio to guide coronary revascularization: physiological framework, validation and differences with fractional flow reserve.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Waard, Guus A; Di Mario, Carlo; Lerman, Amir; Serruys, Patrick W; van Royen, Niels

    2017-02-14

    Determining the optimal treatment strategy for revascularization of coronary artery stenosis involves the use of fractional flow reserve (FFR). To improve the low clinical uptake of physiological lesion assessment to guide revascularization, the instantaneous wave-free period (iFR) was proposed as a simpler alternative to FFR that does not require adenosine administration. iFR is calculated as the ratio of blood pressure distal and proximal to a coronary artery stenosis during the diastolic wave- free period. The wave-free period is a part of the cardiac cycle where generation of new pressure wavefronts does not occur and resting microvascular resistance is relatively minimized. iFR indicates the hemodynamic severity of a stenosis, by assessing the extent to which the epicardial stenosis depletes the microcirculatory, autoregulatory reserve. The introduction of iFR and the potential to assess hemodynamic stenosis severity without the need for administration of potent vasodilators such as adenosine, sparked an interesting debate about the fundamentals of human coronary physiology. Outcomes of two randomized clinical trials investigating iFR are pending. These studies are designed to evaluate whether iFR guided revascularisation is non-inferior to an FFR guided approach. The purpose of this review article is to discuss the physiological concepts underlying iFR, examine the existing validation studies and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of iFR as compared to FFR.

  1. Relationship between myocardial perfusion-gated SPECT and the performance of coronary revascularization in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero-Farina, Guillermo; Candell-Riera, Jaume; Aguadé-Bruix, Santiago; Ferreira-Gonzalez, Ignacio; Igual, Albert; García-Dorado, David

    2012-10-01

    Ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) is a disease with high morbidity and mortality. There are several published studies on the evolution and prognosis of patients with ICM. However, reports on the therapeutic management in clinical practice are scarce. The aim of this study was to analyze coronary revascularization (CR) performance in patients with ICM and suitable coronary anatomy according to myocardial perfusion stress-rest gated SPECT results. Eighty-seven consecutive patients (mean age, 62.4 y; 20 women), with ischemic heart disease, left ventricular ejection fraction of 40% or less, coronary anatomy suitable for CR, and without previous CR, were evaluated by means of stress-rest gated SPECT. Sixty-four percent of patients had scintigraphic criteria of viability and 62.1% showed scintigraphic ischemia in stress-rest gated SPECT. Forty-five percent of patients were revascularized, and the remainder received medical treatment only. Coronary revascularization was more frequent in patients with scintigraphic viability (P = 0.012), in those with scintigraphic ischemia (P = 0.007), and in those with low left ventricular end-systolic volume (P = 0.006). Cox regression analysis identified multivessel disease [hazard ratio (HR), 3.3; 95% confidence interval (CI), 4-7.8], summed difference score greater than 4 (HR, 3.9; 95% CI, 1.5-9.8), and left ventricular end-systolic volume less than 120 mL (HR, 3.2; 95% CI, 1.3-8.2) as the best independent predictors of CR treatment. In patients with ICM and suitable coronary arteries who are able to perform a stress myocardial perfusion-gated SPECT, the presence of multivessel disease and myocardial ischemia and the absence of severely increased left ventricular volume were associated to a decision of CR.

  2. Coronary 64-slice CT angiography predicts outcome in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaemperli, Oliver; Valenta, Ines; Schepis, Tiziano [University Hospital Zurich NUK C 32, Cardiovascular Center, Zurich (Switzerland); Husmann, Lars; Scheffel, Hans; Desbiolles, Lotus; Leschka, Sebastian; Alkadhi, Hatem [University Hospital Zurich, Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, Zurich (Switzerland); Kaufmann, Philipp A. [University Hospital Zurich NUK C 32, Cardiovascular Center, Zurich (Switzerland); University of Zurich, Zurich Center for Integrative Human Physiology (ZIHP), Zurich (Switzerland)

    2008-06-15

    The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic value of 64-slice CT angiography (CTA) in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). Sixty-four-slice coronary CTA was performed in 220 patients [mean age 63 {+-} 11 years, 77 (35%) female] with known or suspected CAD. CTA images were analyzed with regard to the presence and number of coronary lesions. Patients were followed-up for the occurrence of the following clinical endpoints: death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, unstable angina, and coronary revascularization. During a mean follow-up of 14 {+-} 4 months, 59 patients (27%) reached at least one of the predefined clinical endpoints. Patients with abnormal coronary arteries on CTA (i.e., presence of coronary plaques) had a 1st-year event rate of 34%, whereas in patients with normal coronary arteries no events occurred (event rate, 0%, p < 0.001). Similarly, obstructive lesions ({>=}50% luminal narrowing) on CTA were associated with a high first-year event rate (59%) compared to patients without stenoses (3%, p < 0.001). The presence of obstructive lesions was a significant independent predictor of an adverse cardiac outcome. Sixty-four-slice CTA predicts cardiac events in patients with known or suspected CAD. Conversely, patients with normal coronary arteries on CTA have an excellent mid-term prognosis. (orig.)

  3. Minimally invasive cardiac surgery-coronary artery bypass graft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemma, Massimo; Atanasiou, Thanos; Contino, Monica

    2013-01-01

    Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is among the most common operations performed in the world. Different surgical strategies can be used with different invasiveness. This paper describes a recent development of the technique that merges the advantages resulting from both the adoption of an 'off-pump no-touch aorta operation' and a 'complete arterial revascularization through a left minithoracotomy' in a single procedure. This operation is currently known with the acronym MICS (minimally invasive cardiac surgery)-CABG (minimally invasive cardiac surgery). It is an off-pump operation performed through a minithoracotomy in the fourth or fifth left intercostal space across the midclavicular line. The left internal thoracic artery (LITA) is harvested under direct vision using a special rib-retractor with multiple interchangeable thoracotomy blades, including blades to use with lift systems for proximal artery harvesting, while the right radial artery (RA) is harvested endoscopically. A Y-connection is made between the two arteries. The LITA is used to bypass the left anterior descending coronary artery, while the right RA is used on the obtuse marginal branches and/or the posterior descending coronary artery. A special coronary stabilizer and a heart positioner with a shaft for remote thoracic insertion are needed.

  4. Percutaneous coronary intervention versus coronary-artery bypass grafting for severe coronary artery disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.W.J.C. Serruys (Patrick); M-C. Morice (Marie-Claude); A.P. Kappetein (Arie Pieter); A. Colombo (Antonio); D.R. Holmes Jr (David); M.J. Mack (Michael); E. Stahle (Elisabeth); T.E. Feldman (Ted); M.J.B.M. van den Brand (Marcel); E.J. Bass (Eric); N. van Dyck (Nic); K. Leadly (Katrin); K.D. Dawkins (Keith); F.W. Mohr (Friedrich)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) involving drug-eluting stents is increasingly used to treat complex coronary artery disease, although coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been the treatment of choice historically. Our trial compared PCI and CABG for treating pat

  5. The role of coronary artery disease in heart failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lala, Anuradha; Desai, Akshay S

    2014-04-01

    Enhanced survival following acute myocardial infarction and the declining prevalence of hypertension and valvular heart disease as contributors to incident heart failure (HF) have fueled the emergence of coronary artery disease (CAD) as the primary risk factor for HF development. Despite the acknowledged role of CAD in the development of HF, the role of coronary revascularization in reducing HF-associated morbidity and mortality remains controversial. The authors review key features of the epidemiology and pathophysiology of CAD in patients with HF as well as the emerging data from recent clinical trials that inform the modern approach to management. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting versus stenting for patients with proximal left anterior descending coronary artery disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shirai, Kazuyuki; Lansky, Alexandra J; Mehran, Roxana; Dangas, George D; Costantini, Costantino O; Fahy, Martin; Slack, Steven; Mintz, Gary S; Stone, Gregg W; Leon, Martin B

    2004-04-15

    The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of stenting and minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting (MIDCAB) in patients with proximal left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery disease. The Patency, Outcome, Economics of Minimally invasive direct coronary bypass (POEM) study demonstrated that MIDCAB had similar safety and long-term efficacy for LAD revascularization compared with conventional coronary artery bypass grafting. Although LAD stenting is superior to conventional balloon angioplasty, whether it is comparable to MIDCAB is not known. We identified a matched population of 429 consecutive patients with 1-vessel disease who underwent elective proximal LAD stenting and compared their clinical outcomes with those of the 152 patients in the MIDCAB group of the POEM study. The in-hospital event rate was similar in both groups, except for a shorter length of hospital stay with LAD stenting compared with MIDCAB (2.68 vs 4.07 days, p <0.0001). At 6-month follow-up, the incidence of death and Q-wave myocardial infarction or that of cerebrovascular accident was not significantly different between these 2 groups. However, target vessel revascularization was significantly higher with LAD stenting than MIDCAB (13.3% vs 6.6%, p = 0.045). In the subgroup of patients without diabetes, all clinical events were similar in both groups, and the benefit of a shorter hospital stay associated with stenting was maintained. Compared with MIDCAB, LAD stenting is associated with higher repeat revascularization rates but offers the advantage of shorter hospitalization. For nondiabetics with proximal LAD disease, stenting may be the revascularization strategy of choice.

  7. Myocardial revascularization with both internal thoracic arteries 25 years after delayed repair for aortic coarctation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaudino, Mario; Farina, Piero; Cammertoni, Federico; Massetti, Massimo

    2015-02-01

    Aortic coarctation has been reported to cause alterations in the internal thoracic arteries that make these vessels unsuitable to be used as grafts for myocardial revascularization, especially if coarctation repair was performed in adulthood. This is the first reported bilateral internal thoracic grafting for myocardial revascularization in a patient who had undergone aortic coarctation repair 25 years earlier.

  8. Physiologic assessment of coronary artery fistula

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gupta, N.C.; Beauvais, J. (Creighton Univ., Omaha, NE (USA))

    1991-01-01

    Coronary artery fistula is an uncommon clinical entity. The most common coronary artery fistula is from the right coronary artery to the right side of the heart, and it is less frequent to the pulmonary artery. The effect of a coronary artery fistula may be physiologically significant because of the steal phenomenon resulting in coronary ischemia. Based on published reports, it is recommended that patients with congenital coronary artery fistulas be considered candidates for elective surgical correction to prevent complications including development of congestive heart failure, angina, subacute bacterial endocarditis, myocardial infarction, and coronary aneurysm formation with rupture or embolization. A patient is presented in whom treadmill-exercise thallium imaging was effective in determining the degree of coronary steal from a coronary artery fistula, leading to successful corrective surgery.

  9. Spontaneous left main coronary artery dissection complicated by pseudoaneurysm formation in pregnancy: role of CT coronary angiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weintraub Nealw F

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract We report a case of a 26-year-old female, who presented at 34 weeks of an uncomplicated pregnancy with an acute ST elevation anterior wall myocardial infarction. Cardiac catheterization suggested a left main coronary artery dissection with pseudoaneurysm formation. The patient's course was complicated by congestive heart failure. She was initially managed conservatively by a multidisciplinary team including heart failure specialists, obstetricians, and cardiovascular surgeons. 4 days after admission, her LMC was imaged by dual-source 64 slice Cardiac computed tomography, coronary dissection was identified extending to the lumen, and the presence of pseudoaneurysm was confirmed. She underwent subsequently a staged procedure, which included placement of an intra-aortic balloon pump, cesarean section, and coronary artery bypass grafting. This case illustrates the utility of coronary artery CT imaging to assess the complexity and stability of coronary artery dissections, thereby helping to determine the need for, and timing of revascularization procedures.

  10. Spontaneous left main coronary artery dissection complicated by pseudoaneurysm formation in pregnancy: role of CT coronary angiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahman, Shahid; Abdul-Waheed, Mohammed; Helmy, Tarek; Huffman, Lynn C; Koshal, Vipin; Guitron, Julian; Merrill, Walter H; Lewis, David F; Dunlap, Stephanie; Shizukuda, Yukitaka; Weintraub, Neal L; Meyer, Christopher; Cilingiroglu, Mehmet

    2009-04-01

    We report a case of a 26-year-old female, who presented at 34 weeks of an uncomplicated pregnancy with an acute ST elevation anterior wall myocardial infarction. Cardiac catheterization suggested a left main coronary artery dissection with pseudoaneurysm formation. The patient's course was complicated by congestive heart failure. She was initially managed conservatively by a multidisciplinary team including heart failure specialists, obstetricians, and cardiovascular surgeons. 4 days after admission, her LMC was imaged by dual-source 64 slice Cardiac computed tomography, coronary dissection was identified extending to the lumen, and the presence of pseudoaneurysm was confirmed. She underwent subsequently a staged procedure, which included placement of an intra-aortic balloon pump, cesarean section, and coronary artery bypass grafting. This case illustrates the utility of coronary artery CT imaging to assess the complexity and stability of coronary artery dissections, thereby helping to determine the need for, and timing of revascularization procedures.

  11. Coronary Artery Bypass in Octogenarians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen-Yen Chien

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD has increased with the expansion of life span among the elderly population in the world. Hence, the issue of the coronary artery bypass in octogenarians has attracted more attention. Recent literature about the topic revealed nearly the same excellent results as those in the younger population under the newly developed operative techniques and improving concept in perioperative management and postoperative care. In this article, we review the current status of the procedure that was thought to be dangerous in the earlier era, including its risk factors, result, and benefit.

  12. Serum protein profiles predict coronary artery disease in symptomatic patients referred for coronary angiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LaFramboise William A

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background More than a million diagnostic cardiac catheterizations are performed annually in the US for evaluation of coronary artery anatomy and the presence of atherosclerosis. Nearly half of these patients have no significant coronary lesions or do not require mechanical or surgical revascularization. Consequently, the ability to rule out clinically significant coronary artery disease (CAD using low cost, low risk tests of serum biomarkers in even a small percentage of patients with normal coronary arteries could be highly beneficial. Methods Serum from 359 symptomatic subjects referred for catheterization was interrogated for proteins involved in atherogenesis, atherosclerosis, and plaque vulnerability. Coronary angiography classified 150 patients without flow-limiting CAD who did not require percutaneous intervention (PCI while 209 required coronary revascularization (stents, angioplasty, or coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Continuous variables were compared across the two patient groups for each analyte including calculation of false discovery rate (FDR ≤ 1% and Q value (P value for statistical significance adjusted to ≤ 0.01. Results Significant differences were detected in circulating proteins from patients requiring revascularization including increased apolipoprotein B100 (APO-B100, C-reactive protein (CRP, fibrinogen, vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1, myeloperoxidase (MPO, resistin, osteopontin, interleukin (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10 and N-terminal fragment protein precursor brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pBNP and decreased apolipoprotein A1 (APO-A1. Biomarker classification signatures comprising up to 5 analytes were identified using a tunable scoring function trained against 239 samples and validated with 120 additional samples. A total of 14 overlapping signatures classified patients without significant coronary disease (38% to 59% specificity while maintaining 95% sensitivity for patients requiring

  13. Coronary Flow Reserve Predicts Cardiopulmonary Fitness in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease Independently of Systolic and Diastolic Function

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Snoer, Martin; Olsen, Rasmus Huan; Monk-Hansen, Tea

    2014-01-01

    Aims Despite revascularization and optimal medical treatment, patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) have reduced exercise capacity. In the absence of coronary artery stenosis, coronary flow reserve (CFR) is a measure of coronary microvascular function, and a marker of future poor outcome...... early (E) and late (A) inflow velocities, and tissue Doppler diastolic (e′) and systolic (s′) velocities. Peak coronary flow velocity (CFV) was measured in the LAD using pulse-wave Doppler. CFR was calculated as the ratio between peak CFV at rest and during vasodilator stress. Median CFR was 2.22 (1....... Conclusions Coronary flow reserve measured noninvasively predicts cardiopulmonary fitness independently of resting systolic and diastolic function in CAD patients, indicating that cardiac output during maximal exercise is dependent on the ability of the coronary circulation to adapt to the higher metabolic...

  14. Anomalous origin of right coronary artery from left coronary sinus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamzeh, Gadah; Crespo, Alex; Estarán, Rafael; Rodríguez, Miguel A; Voces, Roberto; Aramendi, José I

    2008-08-01

    Anomalous aortic origin of the coronary arteries is uncommon but clinically significant. Manifestations vary from asymptomatic patients to those who present with angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, heart failure, syncope, arrhythmias, and sudden death. We describe 4 patients, aged 34 to 59 years, who were diagnosed with right coronary artery arising from the left sinus of Valsalva, confirmed by coronary angiography, which was surgically repaired. Three patients presented dyspnea and angina, and one with acute myocardial infarction. At operation, the right coronary artery was dissected at the take-off from the intramural course, and reimplanted into the right sinus of Valsalva. There was no mortality. One patient had associated coronary artery disease that required stent placement postoperatively. This reimplantation technique provides a good physiological and anatomical repair, eliminates a slit-like ostium, avoids compression of the coronary artery between the aorta and the pulmonary artery, and gives superior results to coronary artery bypass grafting or the unroofing technique.

  15. One-year outcomes of coronary artery bypass graft surgery versus percutaneous coronary intervention with multiple stenting for multisystem disease: a meta-analysis of individual patient data from randomized clinical trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mercado, Nestor; Wijns, William; Serruys, Patrick W; Sigwart, Ulrich; Flather, Marcus D; Stables, Rodney H; O'Neill, William W; Rodriguez, Alfredo; Lemos, Pedro A; Hueb, Whady A; Gersh, Bernard J; Booth, Jean; Boersma, Eric

    2005-08-01

    We aimed to provide a quantitative analysis of the 1-year clinical outcomes of patients with multisystem coronary artery disease who were included in recent randomized trials of percutaneous coronary intervention with multiple stenting versus coronary artery bypass graft surgery. An individual patient database was composed of 4 trials (Arterial Revascularization Therapies Study, Stent or Surgery Trial, Argentine Randomized Trial of Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery in Multivessel Disease 2, and Medicine, Angioplasty, or Surgery Study 2) that compared percutaneous coronary intervention with multiple stenting (N = 1518) versus coronary artery bypass graft surgery (N = 1533). The primary clinical end point of this study was the combined incidence of death, myocardial infarction, and stroke at 1 year after randomization. Secondary combined end points included the incidence of repeat revascularization at 1 year. All analyses were based on the intention-to-treat principle. After 1 year of follow-up, 8.7% of patients randomized to percutaneous coronary intervention with multiple stenting versus 9.1% of patients randomized to coronary artery bypass graft surgery reached the primary clinical end point (hazard ratio 0.95 and 95% confidence interval 0.74-1.2). Repeat revascularization procedures occurred more frequently in patients allocated to percutaneous coronary intervention with multiple stenting compared with coronary artery bypass graft surgery (18% vs 4.4%; hazard ratio 4.4 and 95% confidence interval 3.3-5.9). The percentage of patients who were free from angina was slightly lower after percutaneous coronary intervention with multiple stenting than after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (77% vs 82%; P = .002). One year after the initial procedure, percutaneous coronary intervention with multiple stenting and coronary artery bypass graft surgery provided a similar degree of protection against death, myocardial

  16. Coronary artery spasm

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Saunders; 2016:chap 71. Giugliano RP, Cannon CP, Braunwald E. Non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes In: Mann DL, Zipes DP, Libby P, Bonow RO, Braunwald E, eds. Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of ...

  17. Left Coronary Artery-Pulmonary Artery Fistula in Coronary Artery Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orhan Veli Doğan

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Coroner artery fistula which is rare and congenital or acquired arise from whole coroner artery drainage all of cardiac chamber and great artery. Although coroner artery fistula is uncommon, it can cause significant mortality and morbidity rates. The article is presented which coroner artery disease and coroner-pulmonary artery fistula was accomplishment committed. Sixty three year-old male patient admitted to the hospital with chest pain. Non-ST myocardial infarction was diagnosed in the examinations. After coroner angiography, it was found coronary artery disease in addition between LAD proximal portion and main pulmonary artery fistula. Fistula repair and coronary bypass were performed successfully under cardiopulmonary bypass. Without hemodynamic problem in intensive care and service follow-up, the patient was discharged from the hospital in the seventh postoperative day. We think that surgical treatment of coronary fistulas in patients with coronary artery lesion is done at the earliest time would enable improvement in mortality and morbidity rates.

  18. Inflammation in coronary artery diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Jian-jun

    2011-01-01

    The concept that atherosclerosis is an inflammation has been increasingly recognized,and subsequently resulted in great interest in revealing the inflammatory nature of the atherosclerotic process.More recently,a large body of evidence has supported the idea that inflammatory mechanisms play a pivotal role throughout all phases of atherogenesis,from endothelial dysfunction and the formation of fatty streaks to plaque destabilization and the acute coronary events due to vulnerable plaque rupture.Indeed,although triggers and pathways of inflammation are probably multiple and vary in different clinical entities of atherosclerotic disorders,an imbalance between anti-inflammatory mechanisms and pro-inflammatory factors will result in an atherosclerotic progression.Vascular endothelial dysfunction and lipoprotein retention into the arterial intima have been reported as the earliest events in atherogenesis with which inflammation is linked.Inflammatory has also been extended to the disorders of coronary microvasculature,and associated with special subsets of coronary artery disease such as silent myocardial ischemia,myocardial ischemia-reperfusion,cardiac syndrome X,variant angina,coronary artery ectasia,coronary calcification and in-stent restenosis.Inflammatory biomarkers,originally studied to better understand the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis,have generated increasing interest among researches and clinicians.The identification of inflammatory biomarkers and cellular/molecular pathways in atherosclerotic disease represent important goals in cardiovascular disease research,in particular with respect of the development of therapeutic strategies to prevent or reverse atherosclerotic diseases.

  19. Prognostic Value of Gai's Plaque Score and Agatston Coronary Artery Calcium Score for Functionally Significant Coronary Artery Stenosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chuang Zhang; Shuang Yang; Lu-Yue Gai; Zhi-Qi Han; Qian Xin; Xiao-Bo Yang; Jun-Jie Yang

    2016-01-01

    Background:The prognostic values of the coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) score for predicting future cardiovascular events have been previously demonstrated in numerous studies.However,few studies have used the rich information available from CCTA to detect functionally significant coronary lesions.We sought to compare the prognostic values of Gai's plaque score and the coronary artery calcium score (CACS) of CCTA for predicting functionally significant coronary lesions,using fractional flow reserve (FFR) as the gold standard.Methods:We retrospectively analyzed 107 visually assessed significant coronary lesions in 88 patients (mean age,59.6 ± 10.2 years;76.14% of males) who underwent CCTA,invasive coronary angiography,and invasive FFR measurement.An FFR <0.80 indicated hemodynamically significant coronary stenosis.Lesions were divided into two groups using an FFR cutoff value of 0.80.We compared Gai's plaque scores and CACS between the two groups and evaluated the correlations of these scores with FFR.The statistical methods included unpaired t-test,Mann-Whitney U-test,and Spearman's correlation coefficients.Results:Coronary lesions with FFR <0.80 had higher Gai's scores than those with FFR ≥0.80.Gai's score had the strongest correlation with FFR (r =-0.48,P < 0.01) and had a greater area under the curve =0.72 (95% confidence interval:0.61-0.82;P < 0.01) than the CACS of whole arteries and a single artery.Conclusions:Both CACS in a single artery and Gai's plaque score demonstrated a good capacity to assess functionally significant coronary artery stenosis when compared to the gold standard FFR.However,Gai's plaque score was more predictive of FFR <0.80.Gai's score can be easily calculated in daily clinical practice and could be used when considering revascularization.

  20. Is there a role for robotic totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass in patients with a colostomy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibber, Marc; Lehr, Eric J; Kon, Zachary N; Wehman, P Brody; Griffith, Bartley P; Bonatti, Johannes

    2014-01-01

    Preoperative colostomy presents a significant risk of sternal wound complications, mediastinitis, and ostomy injury in patients requiring coronary artery bypass grafting. Less invasive procedures in coronary surgery have a potential to reduce the risk of sternal wound healing problems. Robotic totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with a colostomy has not been reported. We describe a case of completely endoscopic coronary surgery using the da Vinci Si system in a patient with a transverse colostomy. Single left internal mammary artery grafting to the left anterior coronary artery was performed successfully on the beating heart. We regard this technique as the least invasive method of surgical coronary revascularization with a potential to reduce the risk of surgical site infection and mediastinitis in patients with a colostomy.

  1. "Obesity paradox" in coronary artery disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akin, Ibrahim; Nienaber, Christoph A

    2015-10-26

    Obesity used to be among the more neglected public health problems, but has unfolded as a growing medical and socioeconomic burden of epidemic proportions. Morbid obesity is linked to traditional cardiovascular risk factors like, hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes, and suspected to incur increased morbidity and mortality in the Western and even third world populations. This patient cohort is also at greater risk to develop coronary artery disease. Recent population-based registries revealed that 43% and 24% of all cases of coronary revascularization were carried out in overweight and obese patients, respectively. However, despite evidence of a positive correlation between obesity and increased cardiovascular morbidity, some authors have described a better clinical outcome in overweight and obese patients, a phenomenon they coined "obesity paradoxon". Thus, there is an ongoing debate in light of conflicting data and the possibility of confounding bias causing misconception and challenging the "obesity paradox". In this review article we present the current evidence and throughly discuss the validity of the "obesity paradoxon" in a variety of clinical settings.

  2. Hypothesis of Long-Term Outcome after Coronary Revascularization in Japanese Patients Compared to Multiethnic Groups in the US.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taku Inohara

    Full Text Available Ethnicity has a significant impact on coronary artery disease (CAD. This study investigated the long-term outcomes of Japanese patients undergoing revascularization compared with US patients belonging to multiple ethnic groups.We evaluated clinical outcomes, based on ethnicity, of patients included in the Coronary Revascularization Demonstrating Outcome (CREDO-Kyoto and the Texas (US Heart Institute Research Database (THIRDBase registries. For the analysis, we included 8871 patients from the CREDO-Kyoto registry (median follow-up period [FU], 3.5 years; interquartile range [IQR], 2.6-4.3 and 6717 patients from the THIRDBase registry (FU, 5.2 years; IQR, 3.8-6.5 who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention or bypass surgery. Cox proportional hazard models were constructed to compare the adjusted long-term outcomes for each ethnic group. A total of 8871 Japanese, 5170 Caucasians, 648 African-Americans, 817 Hispanics, and 82 Asian-Americans were identified. When adjusted, Japanese patients had significantly better outcomes than US patients, classified by ethnicity (Caucasians: hazard ratio [HR], 1.56; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.35-1.79; Hispanics: HR, 1.53; 95% CI, 1.22-1.93; African-Americans: HR, 2.03; 95% CI, 1.62-2.56, except for Asian-Americans (HR, 0.84; 95% CI. 0.38-1.89 who had outcomes similar to Japanese patients.Our findings indicate better survival outcomes in re-vascularized Japanese CAD patients compared to major ethnic groups in the US, including Caucasian, Hispanic, and African-American CAD patients. The characteristics and outcomes of Japanese CAD patients were similar to those of Asian-Americans, despite the sample size limitations in the US dataset.

  3. The Prognosis of Patients With Nonobstructive Coronary Artery Disease Versus Normal Arteries Determined by Invasive Coronary Angiography or Computed Tomography Coronary Angiography: A Systematic Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Fang-Yang; Huang, Bao-Tao; Lv, Wen-Yu; Liu, Wei; Peng, Yong; Xia, Tian-Li; Wang, Peng-Ju; Zuo, Zhi-Liang; Liu, Rui-Shuang; Zhang, Chen; Gui, Yi-Yue; Liao, Yan-Biao; Chen, Mao; Zhu, Ye

    2016-03-01

    Limited data exist regarding the outcomes of patients with nonobstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) detected by computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) or invasive coronary angiography (ICA). Our aim was to compare the prognosis of patients with nonobstructive coronary artery plaques with that of patients with entirely normal arteries. The MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and Embase databases were searched. Studies comparing the prognosis of individuals with nonobstructive CAD versus normal coronary arteries detected by CTCA or ICA were included. The primary outcome was major adverse cardiac events (MACE) including cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, hospitalization due to unstable angina or revascularization. A fixed effects model was chosen to pool the estimates of odds ratios (ORs). Forty-eight studies with 64,905 individuals met the inclusion criteria. Patients in the nonobstructive CAD arm had a significantly higher risk of MACE compared to their counterparts in the normal artery arm (pooled OR, 3.17, 95% confidence interval, 2.77-3.63). When excluding revascularization as an endpoint, hard cardiac composite outcomes were also more frequent among patients with nonobstructive CAD (pooled OR, 2.10; 95%CI, 1.79-2.45). All subgroups (age, sex, follow-up duration, different outcomes, diagnostic modality, and CAD risk factor) consistently showed a poorer prognosis with nonobstructive CAD than with normal arteries. When dividing the studies into a CTCA and ICA group for further analysis based on the indications for diagnostic tests, we also found nonobstructive CAD to be associated with a higher risk of MACE in both stable and acute chest pain. Patients with nonobstructive CAD had a poorer prognosis compared with their counterparts with normal arteries.

  4. Aneurysm of the left main coronary artery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ênio E. Guérios

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Aneurysm of the left main coronary artery is a rare angiographic finding, with few cases described in the international literature. We report the case of a 42-year-old male with a previous history of acute myocardial infarction, whose coronariography indicated triple vessel coronary disease and an aneurysm of the left main coronary artery. A review of the etiology, clinical aspects, and surgical management of coronary arterial aneurysm is presented.

  5. Minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting versus coronary angioplasty for isolated type C stenosis of the left anterior descending artery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mariani, MA; Boonstra, PW; Grandjean, JG; Monnink, SHJ; denHeijer, P; Crijns, HJGM

    Background: Isolated stenosis of the left anterior descending coronary artery can be treated with medication, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, or coronary artery bypass grafting. Recently a new treatment has been developed, which is called minimally invasive direct coronary artery

  6. Exercised-Induced Coronary Spasm in Near Normal Coronary Arteries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damian Franzen

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In contrast to effort-induced symptoms in obstructive coronary disease, spasm in normal coronary arteries is characterized by angina at rest. We describe a 44-year-old patient with minor coronary plaques and pure exercised-induced coronary spasm. The case questions the differential pathogenic considerations of variant of the variant as opposed to Prinzmetal's variant angina.

  7. [A case of primary coronary artery dissection].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishino, M; Kato, J; Ezumi, A; Nozaki, S; Nishino, Y; Tanahashi, H; Yasuno, M; Kobayashi, K; Yamada, Y; Abe, H

    1990-06-01

    Primary coronary artery dissection occurring as a spontaneous event and not associated with trauma due to catheter manipulation is rare. We recently experienced (a case of) a 52-year-old man with primary artery dissection. He was admitted to our hospital with severe chest pain as his chief complaint on September 6, 1988. Electrocardiography and laboratory data showed acute inferior myocardial infarction. He was treated with medication and underwent coronary angiograms on October 3, 1988. Right coronary angiogram revealed an intimal flap and false lumen. But right coronary angiograms 6 months after the onset of myocardial infarction revealed progression of stenosis but no intimal flap, and coronary spasm was not evoked after acetylcholine administration. Primary coronary artery dissection has been reported since Pretty's first description of it in 1931. The majority of earlier cases were diagnosed at autopsy, but recently reports of survivors have been increasing due to the progress in and popularization of coronary angiographic technics. This case is the 46th case of primary coronary dissection found by coronary angiography. So it is not extremely rare. In our case the involved artery was the right coronary artery. In survivors, right coronary artery dissection is more frequent than left, because the area supplied by the right coronary artery is smaller than the area supplied by the left one. Although in our case coronary artery stenosis progressed, after a long term resolution of dissection may occur. There are a few cases in which resolution of dissection occurred naturally.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  8. Coronary Artery and Pulmonary Artery Fistula Originated from Significant Stenosis in the Left Anterior Descending Artery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alper Sami Kunt

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Coronary artery fistula (CAF is defined as a rare anomalous connection between a coronary artery and a major vessel or a cardiac chamber. We report a case of a left anterior descending coronary (LAD stenosis and coronary artery fistula between the LAD coronary artery and the pulmonary artery (PA. CAF is often diagnosed by coronary angiogram. We describe our diagnostic approach and review the literature on the epidemiology, the pathophysiology, the diagnostic modalities, and the treatment options.

  9. [Complete revascularization for multi-vessel coronary diseases through lower ministernotomy on beating heart off-pump surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Z B; Zhang, Y; Guo, J Z; Li, Y Y; Zhang, Y P

    2017-06-01

    Objective: To discuss a novel method of complete revascularization for multi-vessel coronary diseases on beating heart off-pump surgery through lower ministernotomy. Methods: Clinical data of 79 patients underwent ministernotomy off-pump coronary artery bypass from January 2015 to May 2016 at Department of Cardiac Surgery, Heart Center, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University were analyzed retrospectively. There were 62 male and 17 female patients, with an average age of (65±9) years. All the patients were multi-vessel coronary diseases and planned to receive coronary artery bypass grafting. Left internal mammary artery, radial artery and great saphenous veins were harvested and prepared, respectively. The perioperative clinical data was observed and collected. Postoperative ventilator-assisted time, intensive care time, and 24-hour thoracic mediastinal drainage volume were recorded. Postoperative cardiac function was evaluated by echocardiography. The data were compared between pre- and post-operative using paired t test. Results: Cardiopulmonary bypass was used in 2 patients during operation because of unstable hemodynamic status, but the incision was not needed to extend for those 2 patients. The lower ministernotomy was converted to traditional full sternotomy in 2 patients due to limited space for proximal anastomosis. In total, 79 patients had an average of (2.8±0.6) grafts. One proximal anastomosis was performed in 75 patients and 2 anastomoses in 4 patients. Distal target vessels consisted of left descending arteries for 79 patients, posterior descending artery for 60 patients, obtuse marginal branch and intermediate branch for 56 patients and diagonal branches for 25 patients, respectively. Average postoperative ventilation time was (19.0±2.2) hours and ICU stay was (60±20) hours. One patient developed postoperative myocardial infarction and needed temporary intra-aortic balloon pump support. One patient was subjected to incision

  10. The use of a Perma-Flow graft for coronary artery bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmid, C; Weyand, M; Kerber, S; Breithardt, G; Scheld, H H

    1996-01-01

    We report on our first clinical use of a Perma-Flow graft for coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). It may well be that repeated successful use of this graft will offer a chance for revascularization to patients who might otherwise have been denied for lack of appropriate vessels.

  11. Risk Factors for Incident Carotid Artery Revascularization among Older Adults: The Cardiovascular Health Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parveen K. Garg

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Population-based risk factors for carotid artery revascularization are not known. We investigated the association between demographic and clinical characteristics and incident carotid artery revascularization in a cohort of older adults. Methods: Among Cardiovascular Health Study participants, a population-based cohort of 5,888 adults aged 65 years or older enrolled in two waves (1989-1990 and 1992-1993, 5,107 participants without a prior history of carotid endarterectomy (CEA or cerebrovascular disease had a carotid ultrasound at baseline and were included in these analyses. Cox proportional hazards multivariable analysis was used to determine independent risk factors for incident carotid artery revascularization. Results: Over a mean follow-up of 13.5 years, 141 participants underwent carotid artery revascularization, 97% were CEA. Baseline degree of stenosis and incident ischemic cerebral events occurring during follow-up were the strongest predictors of incident revascularization. After adjustment for these, factors independently associated with an increased risk of incident revascularization were: hypertension (HR 1.53; 95% CI: 1.05-2.23, peripheral arterial disease (HR 2.57; 95% CI: 1.34-4.93, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HR 1.23 per standard deviation [SD] increment [35.4 mg/dL]; 95% CI: 1.04-1.46. Factors independently associated with a lower risk of incident revascularization were: female gender (HR 0.51; 95% CI: 0.34-0.77 and older age (HR 0.69 per SD increment [5.5 years]; 95% CI: 0.56-0.86. Conclusions: Even after accounting for carotid stenosis and incident cerebral ischemic events, carotid revascularization is related to age, gender, and cardiovascular risk factors. Further study of these demographic disparities and the role of risk factor control is warranted.

  12. A Rare Case of Triple Coronary Artery Fistulae Originating from Left Main and Right Coronary Arteries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Ali Elbey

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTDual coronary artery fistulae (CAF involving both right and left coronary trees are uncommon; accounting for only 5% of all CAFs. A 48-year-old male patient was admitted to our institution for evaluation of chest pain. The coronary angiography revealed fistulae from left main coronary artery (LMCA and right coronary artery (RCA to the pulmonary artery. We concluded that angina pectoris was caused by a steal phenomenon and the patient was recommended surgical intervention. To our knowledge, this is the first paper reporting three fistulae associated with multiple aneurysms originating from proximal coronary arteries, which were connected to the pulmonary artery.

  13. Obesity and coronary artery disease: evaluation and treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia-Labbé, David; Ruka, Emmeline; Bertrand, Olivier F; Voisine, Pierre; Costerousse, Olivier; Poirier, Paul

    2015-02-01

    With the increasing prevalence of obesity, clinicians are now facing a growing population of patients with specific features of clinical presentation, diagnostic challenges, and interventional, medical, and surgical management. After briefly discussing the effect of obesity on atherosclerotic burden in this review, we will focus on strategies clinicians might use to ensure better outcomes when performing revascularization in obese and severely obese patients. These patients tend to present comorbidities at a younger age, and their anthropometric features might limit the use of traditional cardiovascular risk stratification approaches for ischemic disease. Alternative techniques have emerged, especially in nuclear medicine. Positron emission tomography-computed tomography might be the diagnostic imaging technique of choice. When revascularization is considered, features associated with obesity must be considered to guide therapeutic strategies. In percutaneous coronary intervention, a radial approach should be favoured, and adequate antiplatelet therapy with new and more potent agents should be initiated. Weight-based anticoagulation should be contemplated if needed, with the use of drug-eluting stents. An "off-pump" approach for coronary artery bypass grafting might be preferable to the use of cardiopulmonary bypass. For patients who undergo bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting, harvesting using skeletonization might prevent deep sternal wound infections. In contrast to percutaneous coronary intervention, lower surgical bleeding has been observed when lean body mass is used for perioperative heparin dose determination.

  14. Effects of different therapies on coronary artery disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕树铮; 刘文娴; 宋现涛; 陈韵岱; 柳弘; 陈立颖; 卢艳玲; 陈欣; 田锐; 张金荣

    2003-01-01

    Objective To analyse the effects of different therapies on coronary artery disease (CAD).Methods A total of 1055 patients who suffered from CAD diagnoised by coronary angiograpy were divided into three groups, namely pure drug therapy, percutanious coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) groups. Follow up was carried out from March to May in 2001, and the major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) including death, no-lethal myocardial infarction (MI) and revascularization were observed. In long-term observation, angina reoccured, and their improvement was evaluated. The short-term period was defined as the duration of 30 days after discharge, and the long term period was defined as the duration from 30 days after discharge.Results In the long-term period, the recurrences of angina both in PCI group and CABG group were lower than pure drug group (P 0.018, 0.002 respectively). No differences about long-term endpoint events were observed among these three groups (P>0.05). Forty-two patients suffering from left main coronary disease were intervened by the three therapies, and there was no death or MI both in PCI and CABG groups, three patients died and suffered from AMI in pure drug therapy group (P=0.015). In the short-term period, mortality in CABG group (5.77%) was higher than those in the other two groups (1.91% for PCI, and 1.40% for medical therapy, P=0.002), and no obvious difference observed in the latter two groups. No significance was concluded about the recent MI among this three groups (P=0.357). There were no differences on revascularization in these three groups.Conclusions Percutanious coronary interventions can not only reduce the attack of angina but also improve the life quality of patients, however it can not improve the long-term existance but left main CAD.

  15. Adapting a Markov Monte Carlo simulation model for forecasting the number of Coronary Artery Revascularisation Procedures in an era of rapidly changing technology and policy

    OpenAIRE

    Knuiman Matthew; Mannan Haider R; Hobbs Michael

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background Treatments for coronary heart disease (CHD) have evolved rapidly over the last 15 years with considerable change in the number and effectiveness of both medical and surgical treatments. This period has seen the rapid development and uptake of statin drugs and coronary artery revascularization procedures (CARPs) that include Coronary Artery Bypass Graft procedures (CABGs) and Percutaneous Coronary Interventions (PCIs). It is difficult in an era of such rapid change to accur...

  16. On-pump versus off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Houlind, Kim Christian

    2013-01-01

    Off pump coronary artery bypass surgery has been purported to be safer than conventional coronary artery bypass surgery performed using cardiopulmonary bypass. This theory was supported by a number of early series, but failed to be confirmed by a number of small, randomized controlled trials...... . Conversely, it has been suggested that revascularization after off pump surgery is associated with fewer grafts and lower graft patency, potentially leading to a higher risk of cardiovascular morbidity and need for repeated, coronary interventions. Since 2009, three major randomized controlled trials have...

  17. Coronary endarterectomy in left anterior descending artery combined with coronary artery bypass grafting – midterm mortality and morbidity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domaradzki, Wojciech; Krauze, Jolanta; Kinasz, Leszek; Jankowska-Sanetra, Justyna; Świątkiewicz, Małgorzata; Paradowski, Krzysztof; Cisowski, Marek

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Completeness of myocardial revascularization is essential in surgical treatment of coronary artery disease. The aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of coronary endarterectomy as an adjunct to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in the most difficult cases. Material and methods Among 1559 patients who had CABG in our department, the cases of 17 who underwent an adjunct left anterior descending endarterectomy were analyzed. All procedures were performed with median sternotomy, extracorporeal circulation and in mild hypothermia (34°C), by the same surgeon. No coronary artery endarterectomy was planned before surgery. Results There was no infarction or cardiac arrest during hospitalization. Only one patient required mechanical circulatory support (intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation). Each patient was contacted and investigation for major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) was performed. Eleven patients (65%) already underwent midterm clinical evaluation. There was no death, myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular incident during the entire period (mean follow-up at 15.3 months). One patient required urgent coronarography due to chest pain. No other patient had chest pain or significant deterioration of ventricular function in echocardiography. Conclusions Outcomes and potential indications for performing left anterior descending coronary endarterectomy as an adjunct to CABG are discussed. PMID:26855644

  18. Is carotid artery disease responsible for perioperative strokes after coronary artery bypass surgery?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yuebing; Castaldo, John; Van der Heyden, Jan; Plokker, Herbert W M

    2010-12-01

    The coronary and extracranial carotid vascular beds are often simultaneously affected by significant atherosclerotic disease, and stroke is one of the potential major complications of coronary artery surgery. As a result, there is no shortage of reports in the vascular surgery literature describing simultaneous coronary and carotid artery revascularizations. Generally, these reports have found this combination of operations safe, but have stopped short of proving that it is necessary. Intuitively, simultaneous carotid endarterectomy and coronary artery bypass surgery could be justified if most perioperative strokes were the result of a significant carotid stenosis, either directly or indirectly. At first glance this appears to be a fairly straightforward issue; however, much of the evidence on both sides of the argument is circumstantial. One significant problem in analyzing outcome by choice of treatment in patients presenting with both coronary and carotid disease is the multiple potential causes of stroke in coronary bypass patients, which include hemorrhage and atheroemboli from aortic atheromas during clamping. But this controversial subject is now open to discussion, and our debaters have been given the challenge to clarify the evidence to justify their claims. Copyright © 2010 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Pre-discharge exercise test for evaluation of patients with complete or incomplete revascularization following primary percutaneous coronary intervention: a DANAMI-2 sub-study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valeur, N.; Clemmensen, P.; Grande, P.

    2008-01-01

    with complete revascularization. CONCLUSIONS: Exercise capacity was prognostic of reinfarction and/or death in patients with incomplete revascularization, but not in completely revascularized patients. ST segment depression alone did not predict residual coronary stenosis or dismal prognosis Udgivelsesdato......OBJECTIVES: It is unclear whether the completeness of revascularization impacts on the prognostic value of an exercise test after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: The DANAMI-2 trial included patients with ST elevation acute myocardial infarction randomized to primary PCI...

  20. Late intervention in an asymptomatic pediatric patient with anomalous left coronary artery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    John; C; Lam; Michael; Giuffre; Kimberley; A; Myers

    2014-01-01

    Anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery(ALCAPA) is most commonly diagnosed within the first year of life with congestive heart failure symptomatology reflecting left ventricle(LV) dysfunction. The late diagnosis of ALCAPA is presented in a 5-yearold without significant LV dysfunction, mild LV dilatation and only mild mitral regurgitation that did not change significantly after surgery. The timing of surgical intervention in the late diagnosis of ALCAPA remains unclear despite risks of significant ongoing myocardial injury secondary to coronary artery hypoperfusion and progressive mitral valve dysfunction. Intervention in this case allows for revascularization which may reverse ventricular and valvular dysfunction.

  1. Giant right coronary artery aneurysm with unusual physiology: Role of intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David M Orozco

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A 65-year-old woman presented with a history of dyspnea and atypical chest pain. She was diagnosed with a non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction due to a giant right coronary artery aneurysm. After a failed percutaneous embolization, she was scheduled for right coronary artery aneurysm resection, posterior descending artery revascularization and mitral valve repair. During the induction of anesthesia and institution of mechanical ventilation, the patient suffered cardiovascular collapse. The transesophageal echocardiographic examination revealed tamponade physiology owing to compression of the cardiac chambers by the unruptured aneurysm, which resolved with the sternotomy. The surgery was carried out uneventfully.

  2. Concomitant coronary and renal revascularization improves left ventricular hypertrophy more than coronary stenting alone in patients with ischemic heart and renal disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Hao-jian; Huang, Cheng; Luo, De-mou; Ye, Jing-guang; Yang, Jun-qing; Li, Guang; Luo, Jian-fang; Zhou, Ying-ling

    2016-01-01

    Percutaneous transluminal renal artery stenting (PTRAS) has been proved to have no more benefit than medication alone in treating atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS). Whether PTRAS could improve left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and reduce adverse events when based on percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and ARAS is still unclear. A retrospective study was conducted, which explored the effect of concomitant PCI and PTRAS versus PCI alone for patients with CAD and ARAS complicated by heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). A total of 228 patients meeting inclusion criteria were divided into two groups: (1) the HFpEF-I group, with PCI and PTRAS; (2) the HFpEF-II group, with PCI alone. Both groups had a two-year follow-up. The left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and other clinical characteristics were compared between groups. During the follow-up period, a substantial decrease in systolic blood pressure (SBP) was observed in the HFpEF-I group, but not in the HFpEF-II group. There was marked decrease in LVMI in both groups, but the HFpEF-I group showed a greater decrease than the HFpEF-II group. Regression analysis demonstrated that PTRAS was significantly associated with LVMI reduction and fewer adverse events after adjusting for other factors. In HFpEF patients with both CAD and ARAS, concomitant PCI and PTRAS can improve LVH and decrease the incidence of adverse events more than PCI alone. This study highlights the beneficial effect of ARAS revascularization, as a new and more aggressive revascularization strategy for such high-risk patients.

  3. Infarct related artery only versus complete revascularization in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and multi vessel disease: a meta-analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devarapally, Santhosh R.; Arora, Sameer

    2017-01-01

    Background The 2015 American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association (ACCF/AHA) focused update on primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) only gives a class II b (weak) indication for non-infarct artery intervention at the time of primary PCI. Recent randomized controlled trials, however, suggest strong evidence supporting complete revascularization. Methods A systematic search was conducted in PUBMED, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane central register for randomized controlled trials comparing complete versus infarct artery (IRA) only revascularization in patients with STEMI. A meta-analysis was performed using the data extracted from each study. Summary risk ratios (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated for five outcomes. Results Six trials fulfilled the inclusion criteria yielding 1,792 patients. Follow up ranged from 6 months to 2.5 years. The incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) was significantly lower in the complete revascularization group compared to the IRA only revascularization (13.8% vs. 25.1%, RR =0.51; 95% CI: 0.41–0.64, P<0.00001). It was attributed to significantly lower repeat revascularization rate in the complete revascularization group (8.2% vs. 18.9%, RR =0.41; 95% CI: 0.31–0.54, P<0.00001). This meta-analysis also showed a significant reduction in cardiovascular mortality (2.0% vs. 4.6%, RR =0.42; 95% CI: 0.24–0.74; P=0.003), non-fatal myocardial infarction (4.37% vs. 5.76%, RR =0.64; 95% CI: 0.34–1.20; P=0.16) and all-cause mortality rates [(4.6% vs. 6%), RR =0.75; 95% CI: 0.49–1.14, P=0.17] in the complete revascularization group, compared to the IRA revascularization group. Conclusions In patients who present with STEMI, complete revascularization is associated with lower rates of MACE and cardiovascular deaths as compared to revascularization of the IRA alone. Even though the outcomes of all-cause mortality and

  4. Off-pump and on-pump coronary artery bypass surgery:time to move on

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shahzad G Raja

    2004-01-01

    @@ To the editor: Chen and colleagues,1 and the editorial staff of the Chinese Medical Journal, deserve much credit for carrying out and publishing a prospective comparative study of on-pump and off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery in 300 patients with triple-vessel coronary artery disease. Although this study is limited by non-randomization and selection bias yet contrary to the previously published prospective, randomized studies by Van Dijk et al,2 and Ascione et al,3 the patient population of this study is more representative of current coronary artery surgery practices. Even more important is the conclusion that OPCAB can be applied to patients with triple-vessel coronary artery disease and "in experienced hands" can achieve similar completeness of revascularization and similar early surgical results.

  5. Does the quantitative assessment of coronary artery dimensions predict the physiologic significance of a coronary stenosis?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F. Zijlstra (Felix); J.C.W. van Ommeren (Jan-Kees); J.H.C. Reiber (Johan); P.W.J.C. Serruys (Patrick)

    1987-01-01

    textabstractTo study the relationship between the quantitatively assessed coronary artery dimensions and the regional coronary flow reserve as measured by digital subtraction cineangiography, we investigated 17 coronary arteries with a single discrete proximal stenosis and 12 normal coronary

  6. Multimodality imaging of coronary artery bypass grafts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Salm, Liesbeth Pauline

    2006-01-01

    This thesis describes multiple imaging modalities to examine coronary artery bypass grafts, and the research which was performed to further develop noninvasive imaging techniques to detect stenoses in native coronary arteries and bypass grafts in patients who experienced recurrent chest pain after

  7. Multimodality imaging of coronary artery bypass grafts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Salm, Liesbeth Pauline

    2006-01-01

    This thesis describes multiple imaging modalities to examine coronary artery bypass grafts, and the research which was performed to further develop noninvasive imaging techniques to detect stenoses in native coronary arteries and bypass grafts in patients who experienced recurrent chest pain after c

  8. Coronary artery calcium score: current status

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neves, Priscilla Ornellas; Andrade, Joalbo; Monção, Henry

    2017-01-01

    The coronary artery calcium score plays an Important role In cardiovascular risk stratification, showing a significant association with the medium- or long-term occurrence of major cardiovascular events. Here, we discuss the following: protocols for the acquisition and quantification of the coronary artery calcium score by multidetector computed tomography; the role of the coronary artery calcium score in coronary risk stratification and its comparison with other clinical scores; its indications, interpretation, and prognosis in asymptomatic patients; and its use in patients who are symptomatic or have diabetes. PMID:28670030

  9. Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection with Cardiac Tamponade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goh, Anne C H; Lundstrom, Robert J

    2015-10-01

    Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome. Clinical presentation ranges from chest pain alone to ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction, ventricular fibrillation, and sudden death. The treatment of patients with spontaneous coronary artery dissection is challenging because the disease pathophysiology is unclear, optimal treatment is unknown, and short- and long-term prognostic data are minimal. We report the case of a 70-year-old woman who presented with an acute ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction secondary to a spontaneous dissection of the left anterior descending coronary artery. She was treated conservatively. Cardiac tamponade developed 16 hours after presentation. Repeat coronary angiography revealed extension of the dissection. Medical therapy was continued after the hemopericardium was aspirated. The patient remained asymptomatic 3 years after hospital discharge. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of spontaneous coronary artery dissection in association with cardiac tamponade that was treated conservatively and had a successful outcome.

  10. Coronary artery anomalies in Turner Syndrome

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Viuff, Mette H; Trolle, Christian; Wen, Jan;

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Congenital heart disease, primarily involving the left-sided structures, is often seen in patients with Turner Syndrome. Moreover, a few case reports have indicated that coronary anomalies may be more prevalent in Turner Syndrome than in the normal population. We therefore set out...... to systematically investigate coronary arterial anatomy by computed tomographic coronary angiography (coronary CTA) in Turner Syndrome patients. METHODS: Fifty consecutive women with Turner Syndrome (mean age 47 years [17-71]) underwent coronary CTA. Patients were compared with 25 gender-matched controls. RESULTS......: Coronary anomaly was more frequent in patients with Turner Syndrome than in healthy controls [20% vs. 4% (p = 0.043)]. Nine out of ten abnormal cases had an anomalous left coronary artery anatomy (absent left main trunk, n = 7; circumflex artery originating from the right aortic sinus, n = 2). One case had...

  11. Five-year outcomes of percutaneous versus surgical coronary revascularization in patients with diabetes mellitus (from the CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG Registry Cohort-2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marui, Akira; Kimura, Takeshi; Nishiwaki, Noboru; Mitsudo, Kazuaki; Komiya, Tatsuhiko; Hanyu, Michiya; Shiomi, Hiroki; Tanaka, Shiro; Sakata, Ryuzo

    2015-04-15

    We investigated the impact of diabetes mellitus on long-term outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the drug-eluting stent era versus coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in a real-world population with advanced coronary disease. We identified 3,982 patients with 3-vessel and/or left main disease of 15,939 patients with first coronary revascularization enrolled in the Coronary Revascularization Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto PCI/CABG Registry Cohort-2 (patients without diabetes: n = 1,984 [PCI: n = 1,123 and CABG: n = 861], and patients with diabetes: n = 1,998 [PCI: n = 1,065 and CABG: n = 933]). Cumulative 5-year incidence of all-cause death after PCI was significantly higher than after CABG both in patients without and with diabetes (19.8% vs 16.2%, p = 0.01, and 22.9% vs 19.0%, p = 0.046, respectively). After adjusting confounders, the excess mortality risk of PCI relative to CABG was no longer significant (hazard ratio [HR] 1.16; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.88 to 1.54; p = 0.29) in patients without diabetes, whereas it remained significant (HR 1.31; 95% CI 1.01 to 1.70; p = 0.04) in patients with diabetes. The excess adjusted risks of PCI relative to CABG for cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI), and any coronary revascularization were significant in both patients without (HR 1.59, 95% CI 1.01 to 2.51, p = 0.047; HR 2.16, 95% CI 1.20 to 3.87, p = 0.01; and HR 3.30, 95% CI 2.55 to 4.25, p <0.001, respectively) and with diabetes (HR 1.45, 95% CI 1.00 to 2.51, p = 0.047; HR 2.31, 95% CI 1.31 to 4.08, p = 0.004; and HR 3.70, 95% CI 2.91 to 4.69, p <0.001, respectively). There was no interaction between diabetic status and the effect of PCI relative to CABG for all-cause death, cardiac death, MI, and any revascularization. In conclusion, in both patients without and with diabetes with 3-vessel and/or left main disease, CABG compared with PCI was associated with better 5-year outcomes in terms of cardiac death, MI, and any coronary

  12. Inpatient and outpatient cardiac rehabilitation programmes improve cardiometabolic risk in revascularized coronary patients with type 2 diabetes

    OpenAIRE

    Claudiu Avram; Adina Avram; L.aura Crăciun; Stela Iurciuc; Lucian Hoble; Alexandra Rusu; Bogdan Almăjan-Guţă; Silvia Mancaş

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to evaluate cardiometabolic risk reduction of diabetic patients following coronary revascularizationprocedures after participation in outpatients or inpatients cardiac rehabilitation programmes. Materials and methods: weperformed a retrospective analytical study which included a group of 103 revascularized coronary patients with diabetesmellitus. Depending on participation in a cardiac rehabilitation program we have defined the following subgroups of patients:Grou...

  13. Use of extracorporeal life support for emergency coronary artery bypass grafting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panda, Biswa Ranjan; Prabhu, Anil; Provenzano, Sylvio; Karl, Tom

    2013-06-01

    A 14-year old boy was admitted with an anomalous origin of the right coronary artery (RCA) from the left sinus of Valsalva, with an interarterial course of the narrow proximal segment. He underwent coronary ostial augmentation and main pulmonary artery translocation to the left pulmonary artery. In the post-cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) period, he developed thrombotic occlusion of the RCA resulting in arrhythmia and ventricular dysfunction, requiring extracorporeal life support (ECLS) in the form of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation rather than CPB. After confirming this complication by cardiac catheterization, the right coronary artery territory was revascularized with a pedicled right internal thoracic artery graft. The entire procedure was performed on a beating heart using a stabilizer during ECLS. This strategy may be useful in situations with unstable haemodynamics and a low risk of blood loss.

  14. The effects of fenoldopam on coronary conduit blood flow after coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Halpenny, M

    2012-02-03

    OBJECTIVE: To quantify the effects of fenoldopam, 0.1 microg\\/kg\\/min, on left internal mammary artery (LIMA) and saphenous vein blood flow after coronary anastomosis. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: University teaching hospital, single institution. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-one American Society of Anesthesiologists III patients undergoing elective coronary revascularization. INTERVENTIONS: A perivascular ultrasonic flow probe (Linton Instrumentation, Norfolk, UK) was placed around the LIMA and saphenous vein graft after coronary anastomosis. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Immediately before and at 5-minute intervals for 15 minutes after starting the infusion, blood flow was measured in the LIMA and one saphenous vein graft using a transit time ultrasonic flow probe. Heart rate, blood pressure, and central venous pressure were documented at these time points. Administration of fenoldopam, 0.1 microg\\/kg\\/min, did not alter heart rate or blood pressure. A small, nonsignificant increase in LIMA blood flow occurred during the 15-minute study period (30 +\\/- 12 to 35 +\\/- 10 mL\\/min) in patients who received fenoldopam. No significant changes occurred in the placebo group. CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicate that fenoldopam, 0.1 microg\\/kg\\/min, did not influence coronary conduit blood flow to a clinically significant extent. The small increase in LIMA blood flow may be of greater importance in high-risk patients or in the prevention of coronary arterial spasm.

  15. Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection: Case Report Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kemal Karaağaç

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome with a high risk of mortality. The clinical presentation is similar to the atherosclerotic coronary artery disease. The diagnosis is usually made by coronary angiography. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is more common in women than men. Fast and accurate diagnosis and treatment of spontaneous coronary artery dissection patients improves survival. Therapeutic options include surgery, percutaneous coronary intervention and medical therapy.

  16. The use of the inferior epigastric artery for accessory lower polar artery revascularization in live donor renal transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Sherbiny, M; Abou-Elela, A; Morsy, A; Salah, M; Foda, A

    2008-01-01

    This study describes the surgical technique and outcomes of live donor renal allografts with multiple arteries in which the lower polar artery was anastomosed to the inferior epigastric artery after declamping. Between 1988 and 2004, 477 consecutive live donor renal transplants were performed, including 429 with single and 48 with multiple arteries. Anastomosis of the lower polar artery to the inferior epigastric artery was used for 15 grafts with multiple arteries. Successful revascularization of all areas of the transplanted graft was confirmed by Doppler ultrasonography in most patients and radionuclide renal scanning +/- MRA in some patients. In live donor renal transplantation with multiple arteries, the anastomosis of the lower polar artery to the inferior epigastric artery after declamping avoids prolongation of the ischemia time that occurs with other surgical and microsurgical techniques of intracorporeal and ex vivo surgeries.

  17. Coronary artery anatomy of the goat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipovetsky, G; Fenoglio, J J; Gieger, M; Srinivasan, M R; Dobelle, W H

    1983-05-01

    The coronary arteries of the goat heart were studied using angiographic techniques and molds of the coronary vessel trees. Blood supplies to the left and right ventricles, interventricular septum, atrioventricular node, and apex of the caprine heart were studied. The goat possesses a left dominant pattern of coronary supply with relatively uniform coronary anatomy and may provide a good large animal model for testing cardiovascular assist devices.

  18. Segmented Coronary Artery Aneurysms and Kawasaki Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Reza Ghaemi

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Kawasaki disease (KD is an acute vasculitis syndrome of unknown etiology. It occurs in infants and young children,affecting mainly small and medium-sized arteries, particularly the coronary arteries. Generalized microvasculitis occurs in the first 10 days, and the inflammation persists in the walls of medium and small arteries, especially the coronary arteries, and changes to coronary artery aneurysms.We report the case of a 10-month-old girl referred to our center three months after the onset of disease due to the aneurysmsof the coronary arteries. During the acute phase of her illness, she received 2 gr/kg intravenous gamma globulin; and afterher referral to us, the patient was treated by antiaggregant doses of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA (5 mg/kg and Warfarin (1 mg/daily. At three months’ follow-up, the aneurysms still persisted in the echocardiogram.

  19. Prognostic implications of coronary artery calcium in the absence of coronary artery luminal narrowing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    I. Cho (Iksung); Ó Hartaigh, B. (Bríain); H. Gransar (Heidi); V. Valenti (Valentina); F.Y. Lin (Fay); S. Achenbach (Stephan); D.S. Berman (Daniel); M.J. Budoff (Matthew); T.Q. Callister (Tracy); M. Al-Mallah (Mouaz); F. Cademartiri (Filippo); K. Chinnaiyan (Kavitha); B.J.W. Chow (Benjamin); A.M. Dunning (Alison); A. Delago (Augustin); T.C. Villines (Todd); M. Hadamitzky (Martin); J. Hausleiter (Jörg); J. Leipsic (Jonathon); L.J. Shaw (Leslee); P.A. Kaufmann (Philipp); R.C. Cury (Ricardo); G.M. Feuchtner (Gudrun); Y.-J. Kim (Yong-Jin); E. Maffei (Erica); G.L. Raff (Gilbert); G. Pontone (Gianluca); D. Andreini (Daniele); H.-J. Chang (Hyuk-Jae); J.K. Min (James)

    2017-01-01

    textabstractBackground and aims: Coronary artery calcium (CAC) scoring is a predictor of future adverse clinical events, and a surrogate measure of overall coronary artery plaque burden. Coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) is a contrast-enhanced method that allows for visualization of p

  20. Arterial Myocardial Revascularization Using Bilateral Radial Arte 17 Years after Right Pneumonectomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erdil, Nevzat; Nisanoglu, Vedat; Toprak, Huseyin Ilksen; Erdil, Feray Akgul; Kuzucu, Akin; Battaloglu, Bektas

    2004-01-01

    We report the case of a 51-year-old man who underwent arterial myocardial revascularization with the use of bilateral radial arteries, 17 years after undergoing a right pneumonectomy. We used a fast-track anesthesia protocol for the procedure. There was no perioperative complication, and postoperative recovery was uneventful. The patient was discharged from the hospital 5 days after the operation. PMID:15061636

  1. Hemodynamic profile and tissular oxygenation in orthotopic liver transplantation: Influence of hepatic artery or portal vein revascularization of the graft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno, Carlos; Sabaté, Antoni; Figueras, Joan; Camprubí, Imma; Dalmau, Antonia; Fabregat, Joan; Koo, Maylin; Ramos, Emilio; Lladó, Laura; Rafecas, Antoni

    2006-11-01

    We performed a prospective, randomized study of adult patients undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation, comparing hemodynamic and tissular oxygenation during reperfusion of the graft. In 30 patients, revascularization was started through the hepatic artery (i.e., initial arterial revascularization) and 10 minutes later the portal vein was unclamped; in 30 others, revascularization was started through the portal vein (i.e., initial portal revascularization) and 10 minutes later the hepatic artery was unclamped. The primary endpoints of the study were mean systemic arterial pressure and the gastric-end-tidal carbon dioxide partial pressure (PCO(2)) difference. The secondary endpoints were other hemodynamic and metabolic data. The pattern of the hemodynamic parameters and tissue oxygenation values during the dissection and anhepatic stages were similar in both groups At the first unclamping, initial portal revascularization produced higher values of mean pulmonary pressure (25 +/- 7 mm of Hg vs. 17 +/- 4 mm of Hg; P portal revascularization produced higher values of cardiac output and mean arterial pressure (87 +/- 15 mm of Hg vs. 79 +/- 15 mm of Hg; P portal group. During revascularization, the values of gastric and arterial pH decreased in both groups and recovered at the end of the procedure, but were more accentuated in the initial arterial revascularization group. In conclusion, we found that initial arterial revascularization of the graft increases pulmonary pressure less markedly, so it may be indicated for those patients with poor pulmonary and cardiac reserve. Nevertheless, for the remaining patients, initial portal revascularization offers more favorable hemodynamic and metabolic behavior, less inotropic drug use, and earlier normalization of lactate and pH values. (c) 2006 AASLD

  2. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection: new insights into diagnosis and treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alfonso, Fernando; Bastante, Teresa; García-Guimaraes, Marcos; Pozo, Eduardo; Cuesta, Javier; Rivero, Fernando; Benedicto, Amparo; Antuña, Paula; Alvarado, Teresa; Gulati, Rajiv; Saw, Jacqueline

    2016-12-01

    Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) remains an infrequent, elusive, and challenging clinical entity of unknown etiology eight decades after its initial description. Our understanding of the pathophysiology of SCAD, initially limited to information from early pathological studies, case reports, and very short series, has been enriched recently by relatively large contemporary series of patients studied prospectively. The typical presentation involves a young woman without coronary risk factors suffering an acute coronary syndrome but, actually, most patients are middle-aged and have coronary risk factors. A high number of conditions have been related to SCAD, but fibromuscular dysplasia has shown a major intriguing association with potential pathophysiological implications. SCAD may present (a) with an intimal tear and the classic angiographic 'flap' leading to the appearance of two lumens (true and false), or (b) without an intimal rupture, as an intramural hematoma. An increased clinical awareness together with new diagnostic tools have led to a major surge in the diagnosis of SCAD. High-resolution intracoronary techniques provide unique diagnostic insights into the underlying pathophysiology and facilitate identification of the disease in patients misdiagnosed previously. After the initial acute ischemic insult, most patients stabilize and have a benign clinical course and eventually experience spontaneous healing of the vessel wall during follow-up. However, recurrences may still occur in up to 10-20% of cases. Accordingly, a conservative medical management (watchful waiting strategy) has been recommended as the initial approach. Revascularization remains particularly challenging and may be associated with suboptimal results, acute complications, and poor long-term outcome. Nevertheless, in patients with ongoing or refractory ischemia and adequate anatomy, revascularization should be attempted. Some novel and attractive coronary interventions have been

  3. [Revascularization surgery of an anuric solitary kidney using the left colic artery as a free graft].

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Gama, A Dinis; Nunes, J Silva; Cunha e Sá, Diogo; Pedro, Luís Mendes

    2003-01-01

    The thrombotic occlusion of one renal artery may become completely asymptomatic, due to the functionality of the contralateral kidney. However, in rare circumstances, such is the case of individuals with a solitary kidney, a situation of anuria and acute renal failure may constitute the main presentation of the condition. The authors report the clinical case of a 43 year old male patient, with the previous diagnosis of an infrarenal aortic occlusion and a single left kidney, who developed a thrombotic occlusion of the renal artery, with anuria and acute renal failure. The patient underwent an emergency revascularization procedure, consisting in the implantation of a prosthetic bypass graft from the superceliac aorta to the renal artery, with immediate recovery of the diuresis and renal function. Seventeen months later as a consequence of an anastomotic hyperplasia, an occlusion of the bypass graft occurred, again with anuria and acute renal failure. The patient was reoperated on and due to the inadequacy of both saphenous veins to be used as the material of choice for the revascularization procedure, a redundant segment of the left colic artery (Riolan's arcade) was removed and used as an interposition graft, from the middle colic artery to the renal artery, followed by an immediate restoration of diuresis and renal function. The singular and recurrent character of this clinical condition and the utilization of an original, eventually unique and well succeeded revascularization procedure, prompted its presentation and divulgation.

  4. Potential role of Chinese medicinal herbs in the prevention of coronary artery restenosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) especially stent implantation has now become a mainstay of therapeutic armamentarium in the treatment of patients with coronary artery disease even at clinically or angiographically high risk. However, restenosis requiring reintervention remains a major limitation and a challenging problem of percutaneous revascularization. 1 Despite the use of coronary stents, the rate of restenosis is still relatively high, affecting a quarter or more of overall patients treated by bare- metal stents and around 10% of those treated by drug- eluting stents, which may be even higher for complex PCI (long lesion, bifurcation, small vessel disease) or at unfavorable clinical conditions (diabetes, chronic renal failure). 2,3

  5. Cardiac CT: coronary arteries and beyond

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mahnken, Andreas H. [RWTH Aachen University, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital, Aachen (Germany); RWTH Aachen University, Applied Medical Engineering, Aachen (Germany); Muehlenbruch, Georg; Guenther, Rolf W.; Wildberger, Joachim E. [RWTH Aachen University, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital, Aachen (Germany)

    2007-04-15

    Multi-detector-row computed tomography (MDCT) has emerged as a rapidly developing method for non-invasive imaging of the heart. An understanding of ECG synchronization, contrast material administration, patient preparation and image post-processing is needed to optimize image quality. The basic technical principles and essentials of these technical basics are described here. Correctly applied cardiac MDCT allows imaging of the coronary arteries including coronary anatomy and stenosis detection. The same is true for evaluation of coronary artery bypass grafts and, to some extent, coronary artery stents. While quantification of total calcified plaque burden has been long established, coronary MDCT allows assessing plaque morphology and constitution. Recent approaches go beyond the coronaries and include evaluation of left ventricular function at rest and myocardial viability. In combination with experimental approaches for assessing aortic valve function and myocardial perfusion imaging, cardiac MDCT offers the potential for a comprehensive examination of the heart using a single breath-hold examination. (orig.)

  6. Exertion and acute coronary artery injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, A; Black, M M; Gensini, G

    1975-12-01

    Twelve cases of myocardial infarction as related to strenuous exertion are presented with the pathological findings in several of these cases. Three cases with coronary arteriography are also presented. The pathology of coronary arteriosclerotic plaques and the vulnerability to acute injury is reviewed and discussed. It is concluded that strenuous exertion can cause acute injury to coronary artery plaques due to the unusual stressful whip-like action to which coronary arteries are subject. These injuries may initiate as cracks in the plaques or subintimal hemorrhages and proceed to coronary occlusion and ultimate myocardial infarction. With this concept in mind we use the term of "crack in the plaque" (Black's Crack in the Plaque) to account for the sudden appearance of clinical coronary artery disease appearing during or shortly after exertion, or other stressful situations in patients without previous existing evidence of clinical coronary artery disease. This could also account for exacerbation of symptoms or death occurring after exertion in previously quiescent asymptomatic known coronary artery disease subjects. This concept may explain some of the puzzling features of coronary disease.

  7. Coronary artery disease in type 2 diabetes mellitus:Recent treatment strategies and future perspectives

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ryo; Naito; Takatoshi; Kasai

    2015-01-01

    Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM) are at a higher risk of developing coronary artery disease(CAD) than are non-T2 DM patients. Moreover, the clinical outcomes in CAD with T2 DM are poor despite improvements in medications and other interventions. Coronary artery bypass grafting is superior to percutaneous coronary intervention in treating multivessel coronary artery disease in diabetic patients. However, selecting a revascularization strategy depends not only on the lesion complexity but also on the patient’s medical history and comorbidities. Additionally, comprehensive risk management with medical and non-pharmacological therapies is important, as is confirmation regarding whether the risk-management strategies are being appropriately achieved. Furthermore, non-pharmacological interventions using exercise and diet during the earlier stages of glucose metabolism abnormalities, such as impaired glucose tolerance, might be beneficial in preventing the development or progression of T2 DM and in reducing the occurrence of cardiovascular events.

  8. Acoustic detection of coronary artery disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semmlow, John; Rahalkar, Ketaki

    2007-01-01

    Coronary artery disease (CAD) occurs when the arteries to the heart (the coronary arteries) become blocked by deposition of plaque, depriving the heart of oxygen-bearing blood. This disease is arguably the most important fatal disease in industrialized countries, causing one-third to one-half of all deaths in persons between the ages of 35 and 64 in the United States. Despite the fact that early detection of CAD allows for successful and cost-effective treatment of the disease, only 20% of CAD cases are diagnosed prior to a heart attack. The development of a definitive, noninvasive test for detection of coronary blockages is one of the holy grails of diagnostic cardiology. One promising approach to detecting coronary blockages noninvasively is based on identifying acoustic signatures generated by turbulent blood flow through partially occluded coronary arteries. In fact, no other approach to the detection of CAD promises to be as inexpensive, simple to perform, and risk free as the acoustic-based approach. Although sounds associated with partially blocked arteries are easy to identify in more superficial vessels such as the carotids, sounds from coronary arteries are very faint and surrounded by noise such as the very loud valve sounds. To detect these very weak signals requires sophisticated signal processing techniques. This review describes the work that has been done in this area since the 1980s and discusses future directions that may fulfill the promise of the acoustic approach to detecting coronary artery disease.

  9. [Pediatric case of congenital coronary artery fistula; surgical result and late changes in coronary artery aneurysm].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugawara, Masaaki; Oguma, Fumiaki; Hirahara, Hiroyuki

    2014-07-01

    Congenital coronary artery fistula is an uncommon heart anomaly involving the coronary arteries. We report here a case of a 4-year-old boy who had a coronary fistula from the right coronary artery to the right ventricle, with a coronary aneurysm. He was asymptomatic, but the calculated ratio of pulmonary blood flow to systemic blood flow was shown to be high [pulmonary flow (Qp)/systemic flow(Qs)=1.78]. The coronary angiography showed that the right coronary artery was dilated beginning at the ostium and had an aneurysm at the acute marginal portion. A large spherical aneurysm approximately 20 mm in diameter was found to have been connected with coronary fistula opening into the right ventricle. Surgical repair by closure of the fistula under direct vision, partial resection and suture closure of the aneurysm was performed. Plication of the proximal portion of the right coronary artery was not performed, and the diffusely dilated artery was left untouched. After this operation, he recovered well under anticoagulant treatment with warfarin and aspirin. Postoperative angiography was performed 17 months after the surgery to evaluate morphological changes in the coronary artery. The angiography confirmed the closure of the fistula and the regression of coronary artery dilatation.

  10. CORONARY ARTERY DOMINANCE PATTERN IN EAST-GODAVARI DISTRICT: A CADAVERIC STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arindom

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available With the advent of coronary angiography, coronary artery diseases can be well combated; but with time sedentary life style and stress as our constant partner have kept coronary artery disease as one of the major causes of death. Revascularization procedures demand a sound knowledge of the course of coronary arteries and their branches, both normal and their quite common variations. In this regard, posterior inter-ventricular artery (PIVA deserves a special importance; PIVA determines the coronary dominance depending on its parent artery. Dominance can be right, left or of balanced type. Balanced type means that PIVA is derived from both right & left coronary arteries. Circulation can occur when both the coronary arteries emit a branch in that area. These and other variations form a very important repertoire of information based on which coronary bypass surgery and angioplasty can be safely and effectively performed. The aim of this study therefore is to document the coronary dominance pattern in this East Godavari district of Andhra-Pradesh. 60 adult human hearts were collected from museum of Anatomy department during the tenure of 5 years (2009 to 2014 and were preserved in 10% formalin. The hearts were dissected carefully to observe the posterior inter-ventricular artery in the posterior inter-ventricular sulcus of each heart and dominance pattern was recorded. In our present study right dominance type was the commonest (46 out of 60 followed by left dominance (10 out of 60. Only 4 out of 60 were of the balanced type. Present study, though not of the only member of its kind will definitely add up to the already existing vast knowledge, based on which various diagnostic and therapeutic intervention of coronary artery diseases can be done effectively and safely

  11. [Single coronary artery and right aortic arch].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Quintana, Efrén; Rodríguez-González, Fayna

    2015-01-01

    Coronary anomalies are mostly asymptomatic and diagnosed incidentally during coronary angiography or echocardiography. However, they must be taken into account in the differential diagnosis of angina, dyspnea, syncope, acute myocardial infarction or sudden death in young patients. The case is presented of two rare anomalies, single coronary artery originating from right sinus of Valsalva and right aortic arch, in a 65 year-old patient with atherosclerotic coronary artery disease treated percutaneously. Copyright © 2014 Sociedad Española de Arteriosclerosis. Published by Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  12. Cryopreserved allograft veins as alternative coronary artery bypass conduits: early phase results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laub, G W; Muralidharan, S; Clancy, R; Eldredge, W J; Chen, C; Adkins, M S; Fernandez, J; Anderson, W A; McGrath, L B

    1992-11-01

    Traditional autologous conduits are sometimes unavailable or unsuitable to permit total revascularization during coronary artery bypass grafting. In these patients the results of using nonautologous alternative conduits has been disappointing. Encouraged by the excellent long-term results seen with cryopreserved allograft valves, a clinical protocol was developed to evaluate the use of a commercially cryopreserved allograft saphenous vein (CPV). Our protocol consisted of using CPV when left internal mammary arteries and autologous saphenous vein grafts were unavailable or unsuitable for complete revascularization. Blood group (ABO) typed CPVs were thawed and implanted as required using standard surgical techniques. From December 1989 through June 1991, 19 of 1,602 patients who underwent coronary revascularization had CPVs implanted (1.2%). There were no operative deaths. An attempt was made to evaluate the patency of all grafts with coronary arteriography or ultrafast computed tomographic scans. Fourteen patients were available for patency evaluation. Patency rate in the 14 patients studied at a mean of 7 +/- 2 months (range, 2 to 16 months) were: internal mammary artery, 93% (14/15); saphenous vein graft, 80% (4/5); and CPV, 41% (7/17). The patency of the CPV was significantly less than the patency rate for the saphenous vein and internal mammary artery (p = 0.004). We conclude that the short-term patency rate of CPVs is inferior to that of autologous vessels. Due to its poor patency, we recommend that CPV should only be used when no other autologous conduit is available.

  13. Genetics of Coronary Artery Disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McPherson, Ruth; Tybjærg-Hansen, Anne

    2016-01-01

    Genetic factors contribute importantly to the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD), and in the past decade, there has been major progress in this area. The tools applied include genome-wide association studies encompassing >200,000 individuals complemented by bioinformatic approaches, including...... factors and identify those individuals who will benefit most from statin therapy. Such information also has important applications in clinical medicine and drug discovery by using a Mendelian randomization approach to interrogate the causal nature of many factors found to associate with CAD risk...... have led to a broader understanding of the genetic architecture of CAD and demonstrate that it largely derives from the cumulative effect of multiple common risk alleles individually of small effect size rather than rare variants with large effects on CAD risk. Despite this success, there has been...

  14. Downstream Procedures and Outcomes After Stress Testing For Suspected Coronary Artery Disease in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mudrick, Daniel W; Cowper, Patricia A; Shah, Bimal R; Patel, Manesh R; Jensen, Neil C; Drawz, Matthew J; Peterson, Eric D; Douglas, Pamela S

    2013-01-01

    Background Millions of Americans with suspected coronary artery disease undergo non-invasive cardiac stress testing annually. Downstream procedures and subsequent outcomes among symptomatic patients without known coronary disease referred for stress testing are not well characterized in contemporary community practice. Methods We examined administrative insurance billing data from a national insurance provider from November 2004 through June 2007. After excluding patients with prior cardiac disease or chest pain evaluation, we identified 80,676 people age 40–64 years with outpatient cardiac stress testing within 30 days after an office visit for chest pain. We evaluated rates of invasive coronary angiography, coronary revascularization, and cardiovascular events after stress testing. Results Within 60 days, only 8.8% of stress test patients underwent cardiac catheterization and only 2.7% underwent revascularization; within one year only 0.5% suffered death, myocardial infarction, or stroke. There were marked geographic variations in one-year rates of catheterization (3.8–14.8%) and revascularization (1.2–3.0%) across 20 hospital referral regions. Conclusions In this large national cohort of middle-aged patients without previously coded cardiac diagnosis who were referred for stress testing after outpatient chest pain evaluation, few proceeded to invasive angiography or revascularization, and subsequent cardiovascular events were infrequent. PMID:22424017

  15. The Aberrant Coronary Artery - The Management Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Nina-Marie; Tian, David D; Munkholm-Larsen, Stine; Buttar, Sana N; Chow, Vincent; Yan, Tristan

    2017-07-03

    An aberrant coronary artery is a rare clinical occurrence with an incidence of 0.05-1.2%. Often it is an incidental finding detected on coronary angiography or at autopsy. However, symptomatic patients can experience angina, arrhythmia, sudden death or non-specific symptoms such as dyspnoea and syncope. At present, there are no guidelines or dedicated studies assessing the treatment of an aberrant coronary artery leaving management options for these patients controversial. Selected international cardiothoracic surgeons were surveyed electronically in November 2016 to determine whether consensus exists on different management aspects for patients with an aberrant coronary artery arising from the contralateral sinus with an interarterial course. For asymptomatic patients with either an aberrant left main coronary artery (ALMCA) arising from the contralateral sinus or an aberrant right main coronary artery (ARMCA) arising from the contralateral sinus, there was no consensus on surgical correction of the anomaly. If myocardial ischaemia was demonstrated on either coronary angiography with fractional flow reserve measurements and/or stress myocardial perfusion scan, surgical correction was the consensus between the surveyed surgeons. If surgery was deemed appropriate, coronary artery bypass surgery utilising the internal mammary artery was marginally preferred by the respondents in patients with an ALMCA whilst unroofing of the coronary ostium was preferred in patients with an ARMCA. Although no consensus was reached, a large proportion of respondents would not treat a patient over the age of 30 years differently compared to those under 30 years old. For symptomatic patients or if myocardial ischaemia is demonstrated on either coronary angiography with fractional flow reserve measurements and/or stress myocardial perfusion scan, surgical correction is indicated. Copyright © 2017 Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons (ANZSCTS) and the

  16. Revascularization of Atherosclerotic Renal Artery Stenosis for Chronic Heart Failure Versus Acute Pulmonary Oedema.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Darren; Ritchie, James P; Chrysochou, Constantina; Kalra, Philip A

    2017-02-27

    To determine whether the apparent benefit of revascularization of renal artery stenosis for "flash" pulmonary oedema extends to heart failure patients without a history of prior acute pulmonary oedema. A prospective study of patients with renal artery stenosis and heart failure at a single centre between 1(st) January 1995 and 31(st) December 2010. Patients were divided into those with and without previous acute pulmonary oedema / decompensation. Survival analysis compared revascularization versus medical therapy in each group using Cox regression adjusted for age, eGFR, blood pressure, and co-morbidities. There were 152 patients: 59% male, 36% diabetic, age 70 ± 9 years, eGFR 29 ± 17 mL/min/1.73 m(2) . 52 had experienced previous acute pulmonary oedema (34%), whereas 100 had no previous acute pulmonary oedema (66%). The revascularization rate was 31% in both groups. For heart failure without previous acute pulmonary oedema, the hazard ratio for death after revascularization compared to medical therapy was 0.76 (0.58-0.99, p = 0.04). In heart failure with previous acute pulmonary enema, the hazard ratio was 0.73 (0.44-1.21, p = 0.22). For those without previous acute pulmonary oedema, the hazard ratio for heart failure hospitalization after revascularization compared to medical therapy was 1.00 (0.17-6.05, p = 1.00). In those with previous acute pulmonary oedema, it was 0.51 (0.08-3.30, p = 0.48). The benefit of revascularization in heart failure may extend beyond the current indication of acute pulmonary oedema. However, findings derive from an observational study. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  17. THE ROLE OF LIPOTROPIC THERAPY IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE BEFORE AND AFTER CORONARY REVASCULARIZATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. N. Adzhiev

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Review of large of trials that prove the positive impact of high-dose lipid-lowering therapy on the prognosis in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD are presented. The data on the efficacy of the lipid profile correction by lipid apheresis in patients with hypercholesterolemia that is refractory to optimal medical therapy are showed. The results of the large trials (LIPS, ARMYDA, NAPLES II, ARMYDA-RECAPTURE, Post-CABG, TNT and meta-analyzes on the role of statins, prescribed before and after coronary artery bypass surgery and stenting, in reducing the risk of early and late cardiac events and the need for repeat myocardial revascularization are analyzed. The issue of therapeutic apheresis should be considered in cases of refractory hypercholesterolemia according to ESC/EAS Guidelines for the management of dyslipidaemias (2011. The tendency to reduction in the risk of stent restenosis and vein graft lesions after lipid apheresis is found in very high risk patients with IHD and refractory hypercholesterolemia that underwent coronary stenting or bypass surgery.

  18. THE ROLE OF LIPOTROPIC THERAPY IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE BEFORE AND AFTER CORONARY REVASCULARIZATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. N. Adzhiev

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Review of large of trials that prove the positive impact of high-dose lipid-lowering therapy on the prognosis in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD are presented. The data on the efficacy of the lipid profile correction by lipid apheresis in patients with hypercholesterolemia that is refractory to optimal medical therapy are showed. The results of the large trials (LIPS, ARMYDA, NAPLES II, ARMYDA-RECAPTURE, Post-CABG, TNT and meta-analyzes on the role of statins, prescribed before and after coronary artery bypass surgery and stenting, in reducing the risk of early and late cardiac events and the need for repeat myocardial revascularization are analyzed. The issue of therapeutic apheresis should be considered in cases of refractory hypercholesterolemia according to ESC/EAS Guidelines for the management of dyslipidaemias (2011. The tendency to reduction in the risk of stent restenosis and vein graft lesions after lipid apheresis is found in very high risk patients with IHD and refractory hypercholesterolemia that underwent coronary stenting or bypass surgery.

  19. Off-pump sequential bilateral internal mammary artery grafting combined with selective arterialization of the coronary venous system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Yang; YAN Xiao-lei; WEI Hua; YANG Jun-feng; GU Cheng-xiong

    2011-01-01

    Background Off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB) has been widely applied in recent years as a less invasive method of myocardial revascularization. This study evaluated the sequential bilateral internal mammary artery grafting combined with selective arterialization of the coronary venous system during OPCAB.Methods From April 2004 to August 2010, patients with diffuse right coronary lesions were studied retrospectively and divided into two groups. Group 1 included seventeen patients who underwent this surgery while group 2 included twenty-one patients without right coronary artery surgical therapy. All patients presented with symptoms of angina. Blood flow of bridged vessels was measured. The perioperative ventricular parameters including left ventricular ejection fraction and end diastolic diameter were compared. During follow-up, myocardial nuclide imaging and coronary angiography were carried out.Results Off-pump coronary artery bypass was performed with an average of 3.6 grafts per patient. Hospital mortality was zero. At the time of follow-up, the patients in group 1 recovered better than in group 2 (P<0.05). In both groups, the mean New York Heart Association (NYHA) class and ejection fraction increased significantly (P<0.001) and the mean left ventricular end-diastolic diameter decreased significantly (P <0.05). Myocardial blood supply of inferior wall in group 1 was obviously improved by myocardial nuclide imaging. Coronary angiography for eight patients in group 1 verified that there was blood flow to myocardium in the arterialized vein.Conclusions Sequential bilateral internal mammary artery grafting combined with selective arterialization of the coronary venous system can be performed during OPCAB. A postoperative improvement in the cardiac functions and the quality of life was documented, increasing our expectation for extensive application.

  20. Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection: The Phantom Menace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spinthakis, Nikolaos; Abdulkareem, Nada; Farag, Mohamed; Gorog, Diana A.

    2016-01-01

    We present a case of a 66-year-old lady with chest pain, without dynamic 12-lead electrocardiographic (ECG) changes and normal serial troponin. Coronary angiography revealed a linear filing defect in the first obtuse marginal branch of the circumflex artery indicating coronary artery dissection, with superadded thrombus. She was managed medically with dual antiplatelet therapy and has responded well. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare cause of cardiac chest pain, which can be missed without coronary angiography. Unlike most other lesions in patients with unstable symptoms, where coronary intervention with stenting is recommended, patients with SCAD generally fare better with conservative measures than with intervention, unless there is hemodynamic instability. PMID:28197295

  1. [Early physical rehabilitation after elective percutaneous coronary interventions during incomplete revascularization: exercise regimen calculation by ergospirometry].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martynova, V V; Andreev, D A; Doletskiĭ, A A; Abugov, S A; Saakyan, Yu M

    2013-01-01

    To evaluate the efficiency and safety of outpatient physical exercises (PE), calculated using ergospirometry (ESM) in patients in the early periods after elective percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) during incomplete coronary bed revascularization. Three hundred and eighty-three patients were screened. The trial enrolled the patients after elective PCI in its early periods (3 to 14 days) who had signed an informed consent document to participate in the investigation and who could perform themselves PE at home or visit the medical center. Patients with angioplasty complications (myocardial infarction, severe hematomas, major bleeding, etc.) who had standard contraindications to exercise testing and PE were excluded. The patients included in the trial (n = 50) were divided into 2 groups: (1) 21 patients who had undergone incomplete revascularization; (2) 29 patients who had complete revascularization. The authors estimated exercise endurance by ergospirometry before the investigation, 8 weeks after a course of exercises, and following 6 months and assessed quality of life (QL) using the SF-36 questionnaire. A physical rehabilitation program was elaborated for all the patients according to exercise test results. During the trial, all the patients were allocated to groups of home and clinic exercises using exercise bikes. Medical control of the patients who were exercising at home was made by their telephone conversation, control visits to the medical center at least once monthly, and their concurrently keeping an exercise diary in which each training (duration, intensity), health status, and blood pressure were recorded. The patients could consult their physician at any time if required. In the incomplete and complete revascularization groups, VO2 max increased by 6 and 15%, respectively. Following 6 months, no additional increment in VO2 max was seen in the study groups. According to SF-36 data, QL improved in patients in both groups after 8 weeks and remained

  2. The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Clinical Practice Guidelines on Arterial Conduits for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aldea, Gabriel S; Bakaeen, Faisal G; Pal, Jay; Fremes, Stephen; Head, Stuart J; Sabik, Joseph; Rosengart, Todd; Kappetein, A Pieter; Thourani, Vinod H; Firestone, Scott; Mitchell, John D

    2016-02-01

    Internal thoracic arteries (ITAs) should be used to bypass the left anterior descending (LAD) artery when bypass of the LAD is indicated (class of recommendation [COR] I, level of evidence [LOE] B). As an adjunct to left internal thoracic artery (LITA), a second arterial graft (right ITA or radial artery [RA]) should be considered in appropriate patients (COR IIa, LOE B). Use of bilateral ITAs (BITAs) should be considered in patients who do not have an excessive risk of sternal complications (COR IIa, LOE B). To reduce the risk of sternal infection with BITA, skeletonized grafts should be considered (COR IIa, LOE B), smoking cessation is recommended (COR I, LOE C), glycemic control should be considered (COR IIa, LOE B), and enhanced sternal stabilization may be considered (COR IIb, LOE C). As an adjunct to LITA to LAD (or in patients with inadequate LITA grafts), use of a RA graft is reasonable when grafting coronary targets with severe stenoses (COR IIa, LOE: B). When RA grafts are used, it is reasonable to use pharmacologic agents to reduce acute intraoperative and perioperative spasm (COR IIa, LOE C). The right gastroepiploic artery may be considered in patients with poor conduit options or as an adjunct to more complete arterial revascularization (COR IIb, LOE B). Use of arterial grafts (specific targets, number, and type) should be a part of the discussion of the heart team in determining the optimal approach for each patient (COR I, LOE C).

  3. Intravascular ultrasound for angiographically indeterminant left main coronary artery disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parashara, D K; Jacobs, L E; Ledley, G S; Yazdanfar, S; Oline, J; Kotler, M N

    1994-01-01

    The precise diagnosis of the presence of significant left main coronary artery disease has profound prognostic and therapeutic implications. Coronary cineangiography has shown to be imprecise and inaccurate to determine the percent stenosis of the left main coronary artery. We report a case with significant left main coronary artery disease in whom coronary cineangiography was in discordance with the clinical data and intravascular ultrasonography. Based on the intravascular ultrasound findings, the patient underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Therefore, the intravascular ultrasonography may be the procedure of choice for assessing indeterminant left main coronary artery lesions by coronary angiography.

  4. Drug-eluting stents:is it the beginning of the end for coronary artery bypass surgery?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shahzad G Raja

    2004-01-01

    @@ Myocardial revascularization therapy of coronary artery disease is one of the most important medical advances of the past 50 years.1 Coronary revascularization by either bypass surgery or coronary angioplasty relieves angina and may improve the prognosis in patients with coronary artery disease.2,3 Randomized comparisons reveal no difference in survival free from myocardial infarction (MI) between surgery and balloon angioplasty.4,5 Stenting significantly improved the long-term outcome, while surgery is still associated with fewer reinterventions during follow-up.6-10 However, subsequent improvements in both percutaneous and surgical techniques may now limit the validity of any conclusions that have been drawn from the earlier studies. In fact, the lines of demarcation for patients suited for bypass or angioplasty are becoming blurry with each passing day.

  5. Correlation between Patient-Reported Symptoms and Ankle-Brachial Index after Revascularization for Peripheral Arterial Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyung Gon Je

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Improvement in quality of life (QoL is a primary treatment goal for patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD. The current study aimed to quantify improvement in the health status of PAD patients following peripheral revascularization using the peripheral artery questionnaire (PAQ and ankle-brachial index (ABI, and to evaluate possible correlation between the two methods. The PAQ and ABI were assessed in 149 symptomatic PAD patients before, and three months after peripheral revascularization. Mean PAQ summary scores improved significantly three months after revascularization (+49.3 ± 15 points, p < 0.001. PAQ scores relating to patient symptoms showed the largest improvement following revascularization. The smallest increases were seen in reported treatment satisfaction (all p’s < 0.001. As expected the ABI of treated limbs showed significant improvement post-revascularization (p < 0.001. ABI after revascularization correlated with patient-reported changes in the physical function and QoL domains of the PAQ. Twenty-two percent of PAD patients were identified as having a poor response to revascularization (increase in ABI < 0.15. Interestingly, poor responders reported improvement in symptoms on the PAQ, although this was less marked than in patients with an increase in ABI > 0.15 following revascularization. In conclusion, data from the current study suggest a significant correlation between improvement in patient-reported outcomes assessed by PAQ and ABI in symptomatic PAD patients undergoing peripheral revascularization.

  6. Left Circumflex Coronary Artery Fistula Connected to the Right Bronchial Artery Associated with Bronchiectasis: Multidetector CT and Coronary Angiography Findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nam, Kyung Jin; Choo, Ki Seok [Dept. of Radiology, Medical Research Institute, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Yangsan (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-04-15

    Coronary to bronchial artery fistula is a rare vascular anomaly secondary to enlargement of pre-existing vascular anastomosis between the coronary and bronchial arteries. This occurs when there is a constant disturbance of the pressure equilibrium involving either coronary or broncho-pulmonary disorder. Localized bronchiectasis is the most common related condition in patients with a coronary to bronchial artery fistula. Herein, we report on a case of a large left circumflex coronary artery to right bronchial artery fistula associated with bronchiectasis.

  7. Woven coronary artery: a case report and review of literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kursaklioglu, Hurkan; Iyisoy, Atila; Celik, Turgay

    2006-10-26

    Woven coronary artery is an extremely rare and clearly undefined coronary malformation. Up to now, very few cases have been reported. In this anomaly, epicardial coronary artery are branched into thin channels at any segment of the coronary artery and then these longitudinal twisted thin channels merge again as the main coronary lumen. This anomaly is regarded as a benign condition since there is completely normal blood flow after the distal segment of the abnormal coronary artery. In this case report, we present a 48-year-old male patient with a woven coronary artery anomaly in the circumflex artery and who had been followed up for 5 years.

  8. 二维应变超声心动图评价冠心病血运重建前后左心室局部功能%Evaluation on regional function of left ventricle pre- and post-revascularization in coronary artery disease patients by two dimensional strain echocardiography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王健; 康春松; 董建红; 薛继平

    2009-01-01

    目的 探讨冠心病心肌缺血改善前后不同时间点的应变、应变率特点,评价二维应变成像在冠心病患者疗效评价中的价值.方法 24例血运重建治疗的冠心病患者,应用二维应变检测病变节段血运重建前,重建后1周、1月、3月的应变和应变率参数的变化.结果 病变节段治疗前应变-时间曲线、应变率-时间曲线整个心动周期轮廓杂乱,峰值应变(S)、收缩期峰值应变率(SRS)与舒张早期峰值应变率(SRE)波峰低平,部分节段S波峰倒置.治疗后1周,病变节段S、SRS、SRE及舒张晚期峰值应变率(SRA)各峰值指标有所上升,与治疗前比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).治疗后1月,病变节段S、SRE与治疗前比较明显上升(P<0.01).治疗后3月应变-时间曲线、应变率-时间曲线轮廓趋于整齐,S、SRS、SRE及SRA峰值明显上升,与治疗前比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),S、SRS、SRA与治疗后1周、1月比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论 二维应变可无创定量评价冠心病血运重建后不同时间的应变及应变率,评价局部心肌收缩、舒张功能.%Objective To probe into the characteristics of strain and strain rate in different time points of coronary artery disease (CAD) patients before and after the improvement of myocardial ischemia, to evaluate the value of two-dimensional strain (2DS) imaging in assessing curative effect of CAD patients. Methods The changes of strain and strain rate in local lesion segments before revascularization,and one week,one month and three months after revascularization of 24 CAD patients accepting revascularization therapy were detected by 2DS. Results Before revascularization treatment,the outlines of strain-time curves and strain-rate-time curves of lesion segments of CAD patients in whole cardiac circle were cluttered. The peak strain (S),the peak systolic strain rate (SRS) and the peak early diastolic strain rate (SRE) were low and calm. The

  9. The Fermi paradox and coronary artery disease

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gottlieb, Ilan; Lima, Ronaldo Souza Leão

    2014-01-01

    ..., led Fermi to ask the famous question: "Where is everybody?" Fermi was confronted with a paradox that involved probability, scale, and evidence. Coronary artery disease (CAD) presents a similar challenge. The pathophysiological importance of nonobstructive CAD is well known, as two-thirds of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) originate...

  10. Peripheral arterial disease and revascularization of the diabetic foot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forsythe, R O; Brownrigg, J; Hinchliffe, R J

    2015-05-01

    Diabetes is a complex disease with many serious potential sequelae, including large vessel arterial disease and microvascular dysfunction. Peripheral arterial disease is a common large vessel complication of diabetes, implicated in the development of tissue loss in up to half of patients with diabetic foot ulceration. In addition to peripheral arterial disease, functional changes in the microcirculation also contribute to the development of a diabetic foot ulcer, along with other factors such as infection, oedema and abnormal biomechanical loading. Peripheral arterial disease typically affects the distal vessels, resulting in multi-level occlusions and diffuse disease, which often necessitates challenging distal revascularisation surgery or angioplasty in order to improve blood flow. However, technically successful revascularisation does not always result in wound healing. The confounding effects of microvascular dysfunction must be recognised--treatment of a patient with a diabetic foot ulcer and peripheral arterial disease should address this complex interplay of pathophysiological changes. In the case of non-revascularisable peripheral arterial disease or poor response to conventional treatment, alternative approaches such as cell-based treatment, hyperbaric oxygen therapy and the use of vasodilators may appear attractive, however more robust evidence is required to justify these novel approaches.

  11. Lower extremity computed tomography angiography can help predict technical success of endovascular revascularization in the superficial femoral and popliteal artery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Itoga, Nathan K; Kim, Tanner; Sailer, Anna M; Fleischmann, Dominik; Mell, Matthew W

    2017-09-01

    Preprocedural computed tomography angiography (CTA) assists in evaluating vascular morphology and disease distribution and in treatment planning for patients with lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD). The aim of the study was to determine the predictive value of radiographic findings on CTA and technical success of endovascular revascularization of occlusions in the superficial femoral artery-popliteal (SFA-pop) region. Medical records and available imaging studies were reviewed for patients undergoing endovascular intervention for PAD between January 2013 and December 2015 at a single academic institution. Radiologists reviewed preoperative CTA scans of patients with occlusions in the SFA-pop region. Radiographic criteria previously used to evaluate chronic occlusions in the coronary arteries were used. Technical success, defined as restoration of inline flow through the SFA-pop region with technical failure (P = .014). Longer lengths of occlusion were also associated with technical failure (P = .042). Multiple occlusions (P = .55), negative remodeling (P = .69), vessel runoff (P = .56), and percentage of vessel calcification (P = .059) were not associated with failure. On multivariable analysis, 100% calcification remained the only significant predictor of technical failure (odds ratio, 9.0; 95% confidence interval, 1.8-45.8; P = .008). Analysis of preoperative CTA shows 100% calcification as the best predictor of technical failure of endovascular revascularization of occlusions in the SFA-pop region. Further studies are needed to determine the cost-effectiveness of obtaining preoperative CTA for lower extremity PAD. Copyright © 2017 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. [Morphofunctional correlation in congenital anomalies of the coronary arteries. I. Coronary artery fistulas].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rangel-Abundis, A; Muñoz-Castellanos, L; Marín, G; Chávez Pérez, E; Badui, E

    1994-01-01

    In order to explain the congenital coronary arteries malformations, the authors review the recent concepts on the coronary artery morphogenesis, based in the findings that in the human embryo, these arteries evolve from three sources: 1) endothelial aortic buds, 2) cavitary cellular groups from pericardial origin and with angiogenic character, which migrate to the cardiac zones where the coronary arteries will be distributed, and 3) the intramyocardial sinusoids. The anatomic and histologic cardiac alterations will be reflected in modifications of the coronary artery pattern. The coronary artery fistulae are formed by the persistence of the sponge structure of the myocardial wall, present in the early ontogenic steps of the cardiac development; such fistulae alter the normal functions of the coronary vascular tree and are capable to cause angina pectoris to the patient through diverse mechanisms: absence of capillarization, steal phenomenon aggravated by the altered coronary arteries properties when aneurysm or vascular channels are developed. The authors suggest a classification of the congenital coronary arteries anomalies: I. Anomalous origin in the sinus of Valsalva (anomalous and ectopic origin), II. Malformations of the coronary branches (in number, distribution and wall anomalies) and III. Anomalous connection of the coronary arteries: fistulae and persistence of the intramyocardial sinusoids isolated or communicated to left and right ventricles. The latter are frequently associated with aortic or pulmonary valve atresia. They do not cause myocardial ischemia and are formed secondary to the intracavitary elevated pressure which maintained the persistence, dilatation and communication of the ventricular chambers with such sinusoids and coronary arteries in the case of pulmonary valve atresia and with coronary veins in the case of aortic valve atresia.

  13. Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty for culprit lesions in patients with post myocardial infarction angina based on dextrocardia and anomalous coronary arteries. Case reports and methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yabe, Y; Tsukahara, R

    1995-05-01

    Four cases of successful coronary angioplasty for anomalous coronary arteries, including dextrocardia associated with three-vessel disease, single left coronary artery with proximal left anterior descending lesion, anomalous right coronary artery (RCA) from adjacent left coronary sinus of Valsalva associated with proximal RCA lesion, and anomalous left circumflex angulated lesion bifurcated from the RCA, were encountered. Four cases with 8 target lesions who had a mean age of 63.5 +/- 11.5 years old are presented. All the targets lesions were completely dilated through balloon angioplasty, including use of a newly developed support device for cases with large jeopardized myocardium. The factors for complete revascularization were appropriate selection of catheters and originality and ingenuity of procedural technique based on the anatomic characteristics.

  14. Ischemia induced by coronary steal through a patent mammary artery side branch: a role for embolization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno, Nuno; da Silva Castro, Alexandra; Pereira, Adriana; Silva, João Carlos; Almeida, Pedro Bernardo; Andrade, Aurora; Maciel, Maria Júlia; Pinto, Paula

    2013-06-01

    Non-occlusion of the internal mammary artery side branches may cause ischemia due to flow diversion after coronary artery bypass grafting. The authors present the case of a 67-year-old man with recurrent angina after undergoing myocardial revascularization with a left internal mammary artery to left anterior descending bypass. He presented with impaired anterior wall myocardial perfusion in the setting of a patent left internal mammary artery side branch. Effective percutaneous treatment was carried out through coil embolization, with improved flow and clinical symptoms, confirmed through ischemia testing. Coronary steal through a patent mammary artery side branch is a controversial phenomenon and this type of intervention should be considered only in carefully selected patients.

  15. Single coronary artery anomaly: the left main coronary artery originating from the proximal segment of right coronary artery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Jun; QIN Xu-guang; WU Qing-yu; XIONG Wei-guo; LU Chun-peng; WANG Rong-feng

    2011-01-01

    This case report we presented is that the anomalous left main coronary artery (LMCA) originates from the proximal segment of right coronary artery. In order to confirm the origin and course of the anomalous LMCA, a multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) of the heart was performed on a 64-slice machine (Philips 64 Slice, Philips, USA) after 6 months of coronary angiography operation. The results showed that the anomalous LMCA originates from the proximal segment of right coronary artery, lies posteriorly to the aorta before taking acute sharply to go between the aorta and left atrium. It was classified as R-Ⅱ P subtype according to Lipton's classification. It is a rare case in the clinical practice.

  16. Anesthetic management for 1-stop hybrid revascularization of coronary artery disease%冠心病患者"一站式"杂交手术的麻醉处理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王剑辉; 韩志岩; 林霖; 李立环

    2010-01-01

    目的 分析冠心病患者"一站式"杂交手术的麻醉管理经验和相关问题.方法 2007年7月至2009年6月北京阜外医院63例冠心病"一站式"杂交手术患者,先行小切口不停跳的乳内动脉到前降支的搭桥手术,术后即刻造影确认乳内动脉搭桥是否通畅,随后行冠状动脉介入治疗.术中连续监测有创血压、五导联心电图、中心静脉压(CVP)、脉搏血氧饱和度、体温等.诱导和维持宜采用小剂量阿片类药物为主的静吸复合麻醉方案,并且根据手术需要采取特定的抗凝方案.结果 术中血流动力学稳定,出血少,术后机械通气时间短;利用快通道技术实施术毕即刻拔管6例;围术期无一例患者死亡.结论 该类手术具有的微创特性对循环的影响小,单纯麻醉管理的难度不大,注意术中需要采取特殊的抗凝方案.快通道技术的实施可以进一步体现该类手术的优势.%Objective To summarize the anesthesia managements on 63 CAD patients undergoing 1-stop hybrid revascularization from July 2007 to June 2009 in Fuwai Hospital Methods ECG, direct BP, SpO2, PET CO2, CVP and body temperature were monitored during anesthesia. The management of intraoperative anesthesia should preferably use a small dosage of opioids with inhalation or intravenous anesthesia. At the same time , specific anticoagulation management was administered. Results The hemodynamics were stabilized. the time of tracheal intubation were shorter. 6 patients were immediate extubated in the operating room with application of fast-track technology. No patient died. Conclusions Such minimally invasive surgery has little effect on the circulation. The difficulty of anesthetic management is smaller. Specific anticoagulation management is administered. Implementation of the Fast-track technology can demonstrate the further advantages in such surgery.

  17. Surgical myocardial revascularization without extracorporeal circulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salomón Soriano Ordinola Rojas

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To assess the immediate postoperative period of patients undergoing myocardial revascularization without extracorporeal circulation with different types of grafts. METHODS: One hundred and twelve patients, 89 (79.5% of whom were males, were revascularized without extracorporeal circulation. Their ages ranged from 39 to 85 years. The criteria for indicating myocardial revascularization without extracorporeal circulation were as follows: revascularized coronary artery caliber > 1.5 mm, lack of intramyocardial trajectory on coronary angiography, noncalcified coronary arteries, and tolerance of the heart to the different rotation maneuvers. RESULTS: Myocardial revascularization without extracorporeal circulation was performed in 112 patients. Three were converted to extracorporeal circulation, which required a longer hospital stay but did not impact mortality. During the procedure, the following events were observed: atrial fibrillation in 10 patients, ventricular fibrillation in 4, total transient atrioventricular block in 2, ventricular extrasystoles in 58, use of a device to retrieve red blood cells in 53, blood transfusion in 8, and arterial hypotension in 89 patients. Coronary angiography was performed in 20 patients on the seventh postoperative day when the grafts were patent. CONCLUSION: Myocardial revascularization without extracorporeal circulation is a reproducible technique that is an alternative for treating ischemic heart disease.

  18. Off-Pump Versus On-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Christian H; Steinbrüchel, Daniel A

    2014-01-01

    Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains the preferred treatment in patients with complex coronary artery disease. However, whether the procedure should be performed with or without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass, referred to as off-pump and on-pump CABG, is still up for debate....... Intuitively, avoidance of cardiopulmonary bypass seems beneficial as the systemic inflammatory response from extracorporeal circulation is omitted, but no single randomized trial has been able to prove off-pump CABG superior to on-pump CABG as regards the hard outcomes death, stroke or myocardial infarction....... In contrast, off-pump CABG is technically more challenging and may be associated with increased risk of incomplete revascularization. The purpose of the review is to summarize the current literature comparing outcomes of off-pump versus on-pump coronary artery bypass surgery....

  19. Use of Drug-Eluting Stents in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease and Renal Insufficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Menyar, Ayman A.; Al Suwaidi, Jassim; Holmes, David R.

    2010-01-01

    Renal insufficiency (RI) has been shown to be associated with increased major adverse cardiovascular events after percutaneous coronary intervention. We reviewed the impact of RI on the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease and outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention in the form of drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation in these high-risk patients. We searched the English-language literature indexed in MEDLINE, Scopus, and EBSCO Host research databases from 1990 through January 2009, using as search terms coronary revascularization, drug-eluting stent, and renal insufficiency. Studies that assessed DES implantation in patients with various degrees of RI were selected for review. Most of the available data were extracted from observational studies, and data from randomized trials formed the basis of a post hoc analysis. The outcomes after coronary revascularization were less favorable in patients with RI than in those with normal renal function. In patients with RI, DES implantation yielded better outcomes than did use of bare-metal stents. Randomized trials are needed to define optimal treatment of these high-risk patients with coronary artery disease. PMID:20118392

  20. Updates in management of coronary artery disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Dong Heon; Chae, Shung Chull [Kyungpook National University Medical School, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2005-02-15

    Coronary artery disease (CAD) has been increasing during the last decade and is the one of major causes of death. The management of patients with coronary artery disease has evolved considerably. There are two main strategies in the management of CAD, complementary, not competitive, each other; the pharmacologic therapy to prevent and treat CAD and the percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to restore coronary flow. Antiplatelet drugs and cholesterol lowering drugs have central roles in pharmacotherapy. Drug eluting stent (DES) bring about revolutional changes in PCL in the management of patients with ST segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (AMI), there has been a debate on the better strategy for the restoration of coronary flow. Thrombolytic therapy is widely available and easy to administer, whereas primary PCI is less available and more complex, but more complete. Recently published evidences in the pharmacologic therapy including antiplatelet and statin, and PCI including DES and reperfusion therapy in patients with ST segment elevation AMI were reviewed.

  1. Coronary artery aneurysms in acute coronary syndrome: case series, review, and proposed management strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyer, Nathan; Gupta, Rajesh; Schevchuck, Alex; Hindnavis, Vindhya; Maliske, Seth; Sheldon, Mark; Drachman, Douglas; Yeghiazarians, Yerem

    2014-06-01

    Coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) is an uncommon clinical finding, with an incidence varying from 1.5%-4.9% in adults, and is usually considered a variant of coronary artery disease (CAD). CAA identified in the context of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) represents a unique management challenge, particularly if the morphology of the CAA is suspected to have provoked the acute clinical syndrome. CAA is associated with thrombus formation due to abnormal laminar flow, as well as abnormal platelet and endothelial-derived pathophysiologic factors within the CAA. Once formed, mural thrombus may potentiate the deposition of additional thrombus within aneurysmal segments. Percutaneous revascularization of CAA has been associated with complications including distal embolization of thrombus, no-reflow phenomenon, stent malapposition, dissection, and rupture. Presently, there are no formal guidelines to direct the management of CAA in patients presenting with ACS; controversies exist whether conservative, surgical, or catheter-based management should be pursued. In this manuscript, we present an extensive review of the existing literature and associated clinical guidelines, and propose a management algorithm for patients with this complex clinical scenario. Armed with this perspective, therapeutic decisions may be tailored to synthesize patient factors and preferences, individualized clinical assessment, and existing American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology guidelines for management of ACS.

  2. Inhaled Nitric Oxide for the Prevention of Impaired Arterial Oxygenation during Myocardial Revascularization with Extracorporeal Circulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. A. Kozlov

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to study the efficacy of inhaled nitric oxide used intraoperatively to prevent lung oxygenating dysfunction in patients with coronary heart disease after myocardial revascularization under extracorporeal circulation (EC. Subjects and methods. Thirty-two patients aged 55.0±2.0 years were examined. The inclusion criteria were the standard course of surgical intervention (the absence of hemorrhage, acute cardiovascular insufficiency, perioperative myocardial infarction, etc., a pulmonary artery wedge pressure of less than 15 – mm Hg throughout the study, and the baseline arterial partial oxygen tension/inspired mixture oxygen fraction (PaO2/FiO2 ratio of at least 350 mm Hg. There was a control group (n=21; Group 1 that used no special measures to prevent and/or to correct lung oxygenating dysfunction and Group 2 (n=11 that received inhaled nitric oxide. Ihe administration of inhaled nitric oxide at a concentration of 10 ppm was initiated after water anesthesia, stopped during EC, and resumed in the postperfusion period. Results. At the end, PaO2/FiO2 and intrapulmonary shunt fraction did not differ between the groups (p>0.05. Before EC, the patients receiving inhaled nitric oxide had a lower intrapulmonary blood shunting (8.9±0.7 and 11.7±1.0%; p<0.05. There were no intergroup differences in the values of PaO2/FiO2 at this stage. In the earliest postperfusion period, PaO2/FiO2 was higher in Group 2 than that in Group 1. At the end of operations, Groups 1 and 2 had a PaO2/FiO2 of 336.0±16.8 and 409.0±24.3 mm Hg, respectively (p<0.05 and an intrapulmonary shunt fraction of 14.5±1.0 and 10.4±1.0% (p<0.05. At the end of surgery, the rate of a reduction in PaO2/FiO2 to the level below 350 mm Hg was 52.4±11.1% in Group 1 and 18.2±11.6% in Group 2 (p<0.05. Six hours after surgery, PaO2/FiO2 values less than 300 mm Hg were diagnosed in 61.9±10.5% of Group 1 patients and in 27.3±13.4% of Group 2 ones (p<0.05. Conclusion. The

  3. Left main coronary artery compression in pulmonary arterial hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Al-Badri, Kadhem Helo Abbas; Jensen, Jesper Møller; Christiansen, Evald H

    2015-01-01

    In patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), chest pain is most likely due to right ventricular demand ischemia. We report a patient with idiopathic PAH who developed severe angina due to extrinsic compression of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) from a dilated pulmonary artery trunk....... The diagnosis was verified by electrocardiogram after exercise, coronary angiography including intravascular ultrasound, and cardiac multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). The origin of the LMCA was high in the left coronary sinus, facilitating extrinsic compression. The patient was successfully treated...... by percutaneous coronary intervention with stent implantation in the LMCA. Extrinsic compression of the LMCA is a severe and potentially fatal complication that should be considered in all patients with PAH and angina. MDCT is the method of choice for first-line diagnosis....

  4. Internal mammary artery dilatation in a patient with aortic coarctation, aortic stenosis, and coronary disease. Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martinez Cereijo Jose M

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The ideal surgical approach is unclear in adult patients with coarctation of the aorta that is associated with other cardiovascular pathologies that require intervention. Standard median sternotomy allows simultaneous, coronary revascularization surgery, valve replacement and repair of aortic coarctation. However the collateral circulation and the anatomy of the mammary arteries must be determined, to avoid possible complications. We report a case of a 69 year-old man with aortic coarctation, aortic stenosis, coronary artery disease and internal mammary artery dilatation who underwent concomitant surgical procedures through a median sternotomy.

  5. Novel anaesthetic approach for surgical access and haemodynamic management during off-pump coronary artery bypass through a left thoracotomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madan Mohan Maddali

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available For myocardial revascularization on a beating heart through a thoracotomy, a properly deployed endobronchial blocker (EBB provides ideal conditions for surgical access. In addition, adequate volume replacement to achieve optimal cardiac performance is a primary goal of haemodynamic management in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. To achieve both these ends, this case report describes the combined use of a left-sided EBB along with a volumetric pulmonary artery catheter in a patient who underwent a successful off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery through an anterolateral thoracotomy.

  6. [Pregnancy and coronary artery dissection].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Quintana, Efrén; Rodríguez-González, Fayna

    2015-01-01

    Acute myocardial infarction during pregnancy is associated with high maternal and fetal mortality. Coronary atherosclerosis is the most common cause due to an increase in the age of the patients and the association with cardiovascular risk factors such as smoking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, preeclampsia, and the existence of family history of coronary disease. However, thrombosis, coronary dissection or coronary vasospasms are other causes that may justify it. We report the case of a 33 weeks pregnant first-time mother, without cardiovascular risk factors, who presented an acute coronary event in the context of atherosclerotic disease and coronary dissection after percutaneous coronary intervention. Copyright © 2014 Sociedad Española de Arteriosclerosis. Published by Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  7. secondary Prevention of Coronary Events by Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    Coronary artery bypass surgery has shown its superiority on other therapeutic options in specific but frequent indications such as left main lesions, multivessel disease with alteration of ventricular function, proximal lesions of the LAD, and multivessel diseases in diabetic patients. After reviewing the epidemiology of coronary artherosclerosis, we emphasize the efficacy of the surgical treatment compared to medical or interventional therapy for preventing ischemic events. The results deriv...

  8. Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography Derived Fractional Flow Reserve and Plaque Stress

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Bjarne Linde; Leipsic, Jonathon; Koo, Bon-Kwon;

    2016-01-01

    Fractional flow reserve (FFR) measured during invasive coronary angiography is an independent prognosticator in patients with coronary artery disease and the gold standard for decision making in coronary revascularization. The integration of computational fluid dynamics and quantitative anatomic...

  9. Revascularization of the internal carotid artery for isolated, stenotic, and symptomatic kinking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Illuminati, Giulio; Calió, Francesco G; Papaspyropoulos, Vassilios; Montesano, Giuseppe; D'Urso, Antonio

    2003-02-01

    The operation for isolated, stenotic, and symptomatic kinking of the internal carotid artery is safe and effective in preventing stroke and relieving the symptoms of cerebral ischemia. A consecutive sample clinical study with a mean follow-up of 44 months. The surgical department of an academic tertiary care center and an affiliated secondary care center. Fifty-four patients with a mean age of 67 years underwent 55 revascularizations of the internal carotid artery. The surgical procedures consisted of the following: shortening and reimplantation in the common carotid artery in 36 cases, bypass grafting in 15 cases, and transposition into the external carotid artery in 4 cases. Cumulative survival, primary patency, and stroke-free and neurologic symptom-free rates expressed by standard life-table analysis. No patients died in the postoperative period. The postoperative stroke rate was 1.8%. The cumulative rates (SEs) at 5 years were as follows: survival, 70% (10.2%); primary patency, 89% (7.8%); overall stroke free, 92% (6.8%); ipsilateral stroke free, 96% (5.3%); neurologic symptom free, 90% (7.5%); and ipsilateral symptom free, 93% (6.5%). Revascularization of the internal carotid artery for the treatment of isolated, stenotic, and symptomatic kinking is safe and effective in preventing stroke and relieving symptoms of cerebrovascular insufficiency.

  10. Coronary artery to left ventricle fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kumar Vivek

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Coronary cameral fistulas are an uncommon entity, the etiology of which may be congenital or traumatic. They involve abnormal termination of a coronary artery, usually the right coronary, into a cardiac chamber, usually the right ventricle. Case Presentation We describe a case of female patient with severe aortic stenosis and interventricular septal hypertrophy that underwent bioprosthetic aortic valve replacement with concomitant septal myectomy. On subsequent follow-up an abnormal flow traversing the septum into the left ventricle was identified and Doppler interrogation demonstrated a continuous flow, with a predominantly diastolic component, consistent with coronary arterial flow. Conclusion The literature on coronary cameral fistulas is reviewed and the etiology of the diagnostic findings discussed. In our patient, a coronary artery to left ventricle fistula was the most likely explanation secondary to trauma to the septal perforator artery during myectomy. Since the patient was asymptomatic at the time of diagnosis no intervention was recommended and has done well on follow-up.

  11. Spontaneous healing of spontaneous coronary artery dissection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almafragi, Amar; Convens, Carl; Heuvel, Paul Van Den

    2010-01-01

    Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome and sudden cardiac death. It should be suspected in every healthy young woman without cardiac risk factors, especially during the peripartum or postpartum periods. It is important to check for a history of drug abuse, collagen vascular disease or blunt trauma of the chest. Coronary angiography is essential for diagnosis and early management. We wonder whether thrombolysis might aggravate coronary dissection. All types of treatment (medical therapy, percutaneous intervention or surgery) improve the prognosis without affecting survival times if used appropriately according to the clinical stability and the angiographic features of the involved coronary arteries. Prompt recognition and targeted treatment improve outcomes. We report a case of SCAD in a young female free of traditional cardiovascular risk factors, who presented six hours after thrombolysis for ST elevation myocardial infarction. Coronary angiography showed a dissection of the left anterior descending and immediate branch. She had successful coronary artery bypass grafting, with complete healing of left anterior descending dissection.

  12. Coronary artery disease: the other half of the heaven

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Milan, E. [PET Center, Nuclear Medicine Unit, S. Giacomo Apostolo Hospital, Castelfranco Veneto, Treviso (Italy)

    2005-03-01

    Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death in both men and women in the United States as well as in the most of the industrialized world. Emerging data have displayed important sex-based differences in CAD: its pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic strategies, response to therapies, and adverse outcomes. Although the incidence of CAD has doubled among women in the past decade, and the rate of women referred to diagnostic testing and revascularization has increased, this disease in female population is still identified less often, at a later stage and treated less aggressively than in men. Significant advances have been made in scintigraphic myocardial perfusion imaging for detection of ischemia, determination of prognosis, assessment of variability and evaluation on the efficacy of revascularization. With the introduction of technetium-99m perfusion agents, gated single emission computed tomography and attenuation correction, myocardial perfusion imaging in women has achieved as high sensitivity and specificity for the detection of CAD as that observed in men and can be considered an adequate noninvasive test to follow-up women with heart disease.

  13. ACC/AATS/AHA/ASE/ASNC/SCAI/SCCT/STS 2016 Appropriate Use Criteria for Coronary Revascularization in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes : A Report of the American College of Cardiology Appropriate Use Criteria Task Force, American Association for Thoracic Surgery, American Heart Association, American Society of Echocardiography, American Society of Nuclear Cardiology, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography, and the Society of Thoracic Surgeons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Manesh R; Calhoon, John H; Dehmer, Gregory J; Grantham, James Aaron; Maddox, Thomas M; Maron, David J; Smith, Peter K

    2017-03-06

    The American College of Cardiology, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society of Thoracic Surgeons, and American Association for Thoracic Surgery, along with key specialty and subspecialty societies, have completed a 2-part revision of the appropriate use criteria (AUC) for coronary revascularization. In prior coronary revascularization AUC documents, indications for revascularization in acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and stable ischemic heart disease were combined into 1 document. To address the expanding clinical indications for coronary revascularization, and in an effort to align the subject matter with the most current American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines, the new AUC for coronary artery revascularization were separated into 2 documents addressing ACS and stable ischemic heart disease individually. This document presents the AUC for ACS. Clinical scenarios were developed to mimic patient presentations encountered in everyday practice and included information on symptom status, presence of clinical instability or ongoing ischemic symptoms, prior reperfusion therapy, risk level as assessed by noninvasive testing, fractional flow reserve testing, and coronary anatomy. This update provides a reassessment of clinical scenarios that the writing group felt to be affected by significant changes in the medical literature or gaps from prior criteria. The methodology used in this update is similar to the initial document but employs the recent modifications in the methods for developing AUC, most notably, alterations in the nomenclature for appropriate use categorization. A separate, independent rating panel scored the clinical scenarios on a scale of 1 to 9. Scores of 7 to 9 indicate that revascularization is considered appropriate for the clinical scenario presented. Scores of 1 to 3 indicate that revascularization is considered rarely appropriate for the clinical scenario, whereas scores in the mid-range (4 to 6

  14. Transient cortical blindness after coronary artery angiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terlecki, Michał; Wojciechowska, Wiktoria; Rajzer, Marek; Jurczyszyn, Artur; Bazan-Socha, Stanisława; Bryniarski, Leszek; Czarnecka, Danuta

    2013-01-01

    Coronary angiography is the current gold standard for the diagnosis of ischemic heart disease and therefore the prevalence of percutaneous coronary procedures such as angiography and angioplasty is high. The occurrence of cerebral complications after coronary angiography and coronary angioplasty is low and it mainly includes transient ischemic attack and stroke. The prevalence of transient cortical blindness after X-ray contrast media is low and it is usually seen after cerebral angiography. Until now only a few cases of transient cortical blindness have been described after coronary artery angiography. Regarding the spread of coronary angiography worldwide and in Poland this complication is uniquely rare. A 32-year-old man with multiple extrasystolic ventricular arrhythmia suggesting Brugada syndrome diagnosis according to morphology of the left bundle branch block and with decreased left ventricular ejection fraction was admitted to the First Department of Cardiology and Hypertension, Medical College of the Jagiellonian University in Krakow. Coronary angiography was performed in order to exclude ischemic etiology of the observed abnormalities. No arteriosclerotic lesions were found in coronary arteries. Transient cortical blindness was observed directly after angiography which may have been caused by the neurotoxic effect of the used X-ray contrast medium. In ophthalmologic and neurologic examination as well as in the cerebral computed tomography scan no pathologies were found. Visual impairment disappeared totally within several hours.

  15. [Acute coronary syndrome suspicion in patient with left coronary artery arising from right coronary sinus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kern, Adam; Górny, Jerzy; Rzeszowski, Bartłomiej; Witkowska, Ewa; Wasilewski, Grzegorz

    2013-01-01

    We present a case of 73 year-old patient who underwent coronary angiography due to suspicion of acute coronary syndrome without persistent ST segment elevation. The angiographic result showed no lesions that could cause recurrent chest pain,but it also revealed a seldom coronary artery abnormality - left coronary artery arising from right coronary sinus. Performed computed tomography of the chest confirmed the result of the coronarography. But apart from that it found the signs of neoplastic disease which was probably responsible for clinical presentation.

  16. Ischemia monitoring in off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery using intravascular near-infrared spectroscopy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zerkowski Hans-Reinhard

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery, manipulations on the beating heart can lead to transient interruptions of myocardial oxygen supply, which can generate an accumulation of oxygen-dependent metabolites in coronary venous blood. The objective of this study was to evaluate the reliability of intravascular near-infrared spectroscopy as a monitoring method to detect possible ischemic events in off-pump coronary artery bypass procedures. Methods In 15 elective patients undergoing off-pump myocardial revascularization, intravascular near-infrared spectroscopic analysis of coronary venous blood was performed. NIR signals were transferred through a fiberoptic catheter for signal emission and collection. For data analysis and processing, a miniature spectrophotometer with multivariate statistical package was used. Signal acquisition and analysis were performed before and after revascularization. Spectroscopic data were compared with hemodynamic parameters, electrocardiogram, transesophageal echocardiography and laboratory findings. Results A conversion to extracorporeal circulation was not necessary. The mean number of grafts per patient was 3.1 ± 0.6. An intraoperative myocardial ischemia was not evident, as indicated by electrocardiogram and transesophageal echocardiography. Continuous spectroscopic analysis showed reproducible absorption spectra of coronary sinus blood. Due to uneventful intraoperative courses, clear ischemia-related changes could be detected in none of the patients. Conclusion Our initial results show that intravascular near-infrared spectroscopy can reliably be used for an online intraoperative ischemia monitoring in off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. However, the method has to be further evaluated and standardized to determine the role of spectroscopy in off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery.

  17. The influence of polymorbidity, revascularization, and wound therapy on the healing of arterial ulceration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joerg Tautenhahn

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Joerg Tautenhahn1, Ralf Lobmann2, Brigitte Koenig3, Zuhir Halloul1, Hans Lippert1, Thomas Buerger11Department of General, Visceral and Vascular Surgery; 2Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism; 3Institute for Medical Microbiology, Medical School, Otto-von-Guericke University, Magdeburg, GermanyObjective: An ulcer categorized as Fontaine’s stage IV represents a chronic wound, risk factor of arteriosclerosis, and co-morbidities which disturb wound healing. Our objective was to analyze wound healing and to assess potential factors affecting the healing process.Methods: 199 patients were included in this 5-year study. The significance levels were determined by chi-squared and log-rank tests. The calculation of patency rate followed the Kaplan-Meier method.Results: Mean age and co-morbidities did not differ from those in current epidemiological studies. Of the patients with ulcer latency of more than 13 weeks (up to one year, 40% required vascular surgery. Vascular surgery was not possible for 53 patients and they were treated conservatively. The amputation rate in the conservatively treated group was 37%, whereas in the revascularizated group it was only 16%. Ulcers in patients with revascularization healed in 92% of cases after 24 weeks. In contrast, we found a healing rate of only 40% in the conservatively treated group (p < 0.001. Revascularization appeared more often in diabetic patients (n = 110; p < 0.01 and the wound size and number of infections were elevated (p = 0.03. Among those treated conservatively, wound healing was decelerated (p = 0.01/0.02; χ² test.Conclusions: The success of revascularization, presence of diabetes mellitus, and wound treatment proved to be prognostic factors for wound healing in arterial ulcers.Keywords: arterial leg ulcer, wound management, risk factors, revascularization

  18. On-pump beating heart coronary surgery for high risk patients requiring emergency multiple coronary artery bypass grafting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    von Segesser Ludwig K

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB with aortic cross-clamping and cardioplegic arrest remains the method of choice for patients requiring standard myocardial revascularization. Therefore, very high-risk patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome, unstable angina, onset of cardiac decompensation and requiring emergency multiple myocardial revascularization, can have a poor outcome. The on-pump beating heart technique can reduce the mortality and the morbidity in such a selected group of patients and this report describes our clinical experience. Methods Out of 290 patients operated for CABG from January 2005 to January 2006, 25 (8.6% selected high-risk patients suffering from life threatening coronary syndrome (mean age 69 ± 7 years and requiring emergency multiple myocardial revascularization, underwent on-pump beating heart surgery. The mean pre-operative left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF was 27 ± 8%. The majority of them (88% suffered of tri-vessel coronary disease and 6 (24% had a left main stump disease. Nine patients (35% were on severe cardiac failure and seven among them (28% received a pre-operative intra-aortic balloon pump. The pre-operative EuroScore rate was equal or above 8 in 18 patients (73%. Results All patients underwent on-pump-beating heart coronary revascularization. The mean number of graft/patient was 2.9 ± 0.6 and the internal mammary artery was used in 23 patients (92%. The mean CPB time was 84 ± 19 minutes. Two patients died during the recovery stay in the intensive care unit, and there were no postoperative myocardial infarctions between the survivors. Eight patients suffered of transitorily renal failure and 1 patient developed a sternal wound infection. The mean hospital stay was 12 ± 7 days. The follow-up was complete for all 23 patients survived at surgery and the mean follow-up time was 14 ± 5 months. One patient died during the follow-up for cardiac arrest and 2 patients required an

  19. On-pump beating heart coronary surgery for high risk patients requiring emergency multiple coronary artery bypass grafting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrari, Enrico; Stalder, Nicolas; von Segesser, Ludwig K

    2008-07-02

    Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with aortic cross-clamping and cardioplegic arrest remains the method of choice for patients requiring standard myocardial revascularization. Therefore, very high-risk patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome, unstable angina, onset of cardiac decompensation and requiring emergency multiple myocardial revascularization, can have a poor outcome. The on-pump beating heart technique can reduce the mortality and the morbidity in such a selected group of patients and this report describes our clinical experience. Out of 290 patients operated for CABG from January 2005 to January 2006, 25 (8.6%) selected high-risk patients suffering from life threatening coronary syndrome (mean age 69 +/- 7 years) and requiring emergency multiple myocardial revascularization, underwent on-pump beating heart surgery. The mean pre-operative left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) was 27 +/- 8%. The majority of them (88%) suffered of tri-vessel coronary disease and 6 (24%) had a left main stump disease. Nine patients (35%) were on severe cardiac failure and seven among them (28%) received a pre-operative intra-aortic balloon pump. The pre-operative EuroScore rate was equal or above 8 in 18 patients (73%). All patients underwent on-pump-beating heart coronary revascularization. The mean number of graft/patient was 2.9 +/- 0.6 and the internal mammary artery was used in 23 patients (92%). The mean CPB time was 84 +/- 19 minutes. Two patients died during the recovery stay in the intensive care unit, and there were no postoperative myocardial infarctions between the survivors. Eight patients suffered of transitorily renal failure and 1 patient developed a sternal wound infection. The mean hospital stay was 12 +/- 7 days. The follow-up was complete for all 23 patients survived at surgery and the mean follow-up time was 14 +/- 5 months. One patient died during the follow-up for cardiac arrest and 2 patients required an implantable cardiac defibrillator. One

  20. Microvascular Coronary Artery Spasm Presents Distinctive Clinical Features With Endothelial Dysfunction as Nonobstructive Coronary Artery Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohba, Keisuke; Sugiyama, Seigo; Sumida, Hitoshi; Nozaki, Toshimitsu; Matsubara, Junichi; Matsuzawa, Yasushi; Konishi, Masaaki; Akiyama, Eiichi; Kurokawa, Hirofumi; Maeda, Hirofumi; Sugamura, Koichi; Nagayoshi, Yasuhiro; Morihisa, Kenji; Sakamoto, Kenji; Tsujita, Kenichi; Yamamoto, Eiichiro; Yamamuro, Megumi; Kojima, Sunao; Kaikita, Koichi; Tayama, Shinji; Hokimoto, Seiji; Matsui, Kunihiko; Sakamoto, Tomohiro; Ogawa, Hisao

    2012-01-01

    Background Angina without significant stenosis, or nonobstructive coronary artery disease, attracts clinical attention. Microvascular coronary artery spasm (microvascular CAS) can cause nonobstructive coronary artery disease. We investigated the clinical features of microvascular CAS and the therapeutic efficacy of calcium channel blockers. Methods and Results Three hundred seventy consecutive, stable patients with suspected angina presenting nonobstructive coronary arteries (<50% diameter) in coronary angiography were investigated with the intracoronary acetylcholine provocation test, with simultaneous measurements of transcardiac lactate production and of changes in the quantitative coronary blood flow. We diagnosed microvascular CAS according to lactate production and a decrease in coronary blood flow without epicardial vasospasm during the acetylcholine provocation test. We prospectively followed up the patients with calcium channel blockers for microvascular coronary artery disease. We identified 50 patients with microvascular CAS who demonstrated significant impairment of the endothelium-dependent vascular response, which was assessed by coronary blood flow during the acetylcholine provocation test. Administration of isosorbide dinitrate normalized the abnormal coronary flow pattern in the patients with microvascular CAS. Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that female sex, a lower body mass index, minor–borderline ischemic electrocardiogram findings at rest, limited–baseline diastolic-to-systolic velocity ratio, and attenuated adenosine triphosphate–induced coronary flow reserve were independently correlated with the presence of microvascular CAS. Receiver-operating characteristics curve analysis revealed that the aforementioned 5-variable model showed good correlation with the presence of microvascular CAS (area under the curve: 0.820). No patients with microvascular CAS treated with calcium channel blockers developed cardiovascular

  1. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection in a young woman: from emergency coronary artery bypass grafting to heart transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrari, Enrico; Tozzi, Piergiorgio; von Segesser, Ludwig Karl

    2005-08-01

    Primary spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) as cause of acute myocardial infarction is a rare entity with complex pathophysiology. SCAD must be considered every time that a healthy young patient presents an onset of acute myocardial ischemic syndrome or sudden death. Mostly it appears in young women without traditional risk factors for coronary artery disease and a significant proportion of them are hutted during the peripartum or early postpartum period. SCAD is frequently fatal and a great number of known cases have been diagnosed at necroscopy. The quick recognition of SCAD as cause of acute myocardial ischemia in a young patient is important to establish the best medical/surgical treatment between the different therapeutic attitudes. We describe the case occurred to a young low cardiac risk woman who suffered of idiopathic SCAD and was successfully treated by heart transplantation few days after that a conventional surgical myocardial revascularization had been attempted. Waiting for cardiac transplantation the patient survived several days, thanks to a mechanical left ventricular assist device (LVAD). The following hospital course was uncomplicated. To our knowledge, this is the second case of SCAD treated successfully by LVAD and orthotopic heart transplantation reported in literature.

  2. [Bilateral coronary artery-pulmonary artery fistulas in a case with unstable angina pectoris].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kepez, Alper; Kaya, Ergün Bariş; Aytemir, Kudret; Oto, Ali

    2008-03-01

    Bilateral coronary artery fistulas originating from both right and left coronary arteries are rare congenital abnormalities. A 58-year-old man presented with chest pain unrelated to exertion. Coronary angiography showed a fistula originating from the level of the first diagonal branch of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery and a 95% stenosis just distal to the fistula. Right coronary angiography showed another fistula originating from the ostium of the right coronary artery. Both fistulas drained into the pulmonary artery. Coronary bypass surgery was performed for the LAD lesion using the left internal mammary artery graft, during which both fistulas were ligated. No complications were encountered postoperatively.

  3. Thoracic Sympathectomy for Severe Refractory Multivessel Coronary Artery Spasm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardona-Guarache, Ricardo; Pozen, Jonah; Jahangiri, Arehzo; Koneru, Jayanthi; Shepard, Richard; Roberts, Charlotte; Abbate, Antonio; Cassano, Anthony

    2016-01-01

    Coronary artery spasm is a rare but potentially fatal disease. Herein, we report a case of recurrent ST-segment myocardial infarctions and ventricular fibrillation complicating severe multivessel coronary artery spasm successfully treated with bilateral thoracic surgical sympathectomy.

  4. Coronary Artery Dissection: Not Just a Heart Attack

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Disease Venous Thromboembolism Aortic Aneurysm More Coronary Artery Dissection: Not Just a Heart Attack Updated:Oct 4, ... cannot reach the heart muscle. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is an uncommon occurrence, but because it ...

  5. Percutaneous transradial artery approach for coronary stent implantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiemeneij, F; Laarman, G J

    1993-10-01

    A new approach for implantation of Palmaz Schatz coronary stents is reported. We describe the technique and rationale of coronary stenting with miniaturized angioplasty equipment via the radial artery. This technique is illustrated in three patients. One patient underwent Palmaz Schatz stent implantation for a saphenous vene coronary bypass graft stenosis, the second patient for a restenosis in the anterior descending coronary artery after atherectomy, and the third patient for a second restenosis after balloon angioplasty in the circumflex coronary artery.

  6. Percutaneous coronary intervention outcomes in a low-volume center: survival, stent thrombosis, and repeat revascularization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenney, Kimberly M; Marzo, Mitchell C; Ondrasik, Nicholas R; Wisenbaugh, Thomas

    2009-11-01

    American College of Cardiology (ACC) guidelines state that percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) be performed at centers and by operators with high-volume (>400 yearly/center) whose historical and current risk-adjusted outcomes statistics are comparable to those reported in large registries. Tripler Army Medical Center is a low-volume treatment facility but has a geographic need and special mission requirement for providing this service. We computed 30-day incidence of stent thrombosis, need for repeat revascularization, and all-cause mortality for all PCIs performed at Tripler from January 2002 through June 2008. The New York State Registry regression model was selected among 3 risk-adjustment models that we assessed in our patients. This model was used to compute expected mortality rate based on patient risk factors. The 30-day incidence of stent thrombosis and repeat revascularization was also determined, and the long-term incidence of these events was estimated with the Kaplan-Meier method as was survival. For all 546 PCI procedures, 30-day mortality was 1.47%, the incidence of stent thrombosis 2.1%, the incidence of any repeat revascularization 5.1%, and the combined event rate 5.9%. Based on risk factors used in the New York State Registry, our expected mortality was 1.93% and not significantly different from the observed rate. Although survival at 1 and 3 years appeared comparable with benchmarks at 94.6% and 89.3%, as did repeat revascularization rates at 13.0% and 21.4%, the incidence of stent thrombosis was regarded as high whether the definition included possible cases (3.2% and 3.9%) or only those regarded as definite or probable (2.7% and 3.1%). We did not identify any remediable risk factors for stent thrombosis, nor were we able to identify significant differences by year or by operator. However, visual inspection of a plot of deciles of New York State risk of death demonstrated 2 outlier cases among the 8 who died, who could have been considered

  7. Emergency Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery for Patients on Preoperative Intraaortic Balloon Pump.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, Hisato; Mizumoto, Toru; Tempaku, Hironori; Fujinaga, Kazuya; Sawada, Yasuhiro; Teranishi, Satoshi; Shimpo, Hideto

    2016-09-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate early and long-term outcomes of patients with acute coronary syndrome preoperatively requiring intraaortic balloon pump support who underwent emergency off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery. One hundred and fifteen patients on preoperative intraaortic balloon pump receiving emergency off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery over an 11-year period were evaluated. The median age was 71 years (range, 33 to 87). Acute myocardial infarction and unstable angina were present in 54 patients (47.0%) and 61 patients (53.0%), respectively. Left main disease and triple-vessel disease without left main involvement were present in 74 patients (64.3%) and 33 patients (28.7%), respectively. There were 3 perioperative deaths. Complete surgical revascularization was accomplished in 82 patients (71.3%), and in situ internal thoracic artery graft was used in 96 (83.5%). Late survival, freedom from major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events, and freedom from repeat revascularization rates at 5 years were 83.3%, 73.5%, and 84.2%, respectively. The Cox multivariate prognostic predictors of total mortality were preoperative renal impairment (hazard ratio [HR] 7.90; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.06 to 20.4) and low ejection fraction (HR 0.94, 95% CI: 0.88 to 0.99). The multivariate risk predictors of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events were preoperative renal impairment (HR 2.68, 95% CI: 1.00 to 7.19) and peripheral vascular disease (HR 2.81, 95% CI: 1.05 to 7.51), and complete revascularization was protective (HR 0.39, 95% CI: 0.19 to 0.81). The multivariate risk factor of repeat revascularization was previous percutaneous coronary intervention (HR 3.26, 95% CI: 1.14 to 9.33), and complete surgical revascularization was also protective (HR 0.30, 95% CI: 0.11 to 0.85). Off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery is a feasible option for patients requiring preoperative intraaortic balloon pump support. Copyright

  8. Suture-induced right coronary artery stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seltmann, Martin; Achenbach, Stephan; Muschiol, Gerd; Feyrer, Richard

    2010-01-01

    An 82-year-old patient developed right heart failure in the days after surgical aortic valve replacement. Coronary CT angiography showed a high-grade stenosis of the mid-right coronary artery. Adjacent suture material seen on noncontrast CT suggested that the lesion was related to surgical closure of the right atrial cannulation site. Invasive angiography confirmed the stenosis, and percutaneous intervention was successfully performed.

  9. Passive Leg Raising Correlates with Future Exercise Capacity after Coronary Revascularization.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shu-Chun Huang

    Full Text Available Hemodynamic properties affected by the passive leg raise test (PLRT reflect cardiac pumping efficiency. In the present study, we aimed to further explore whether PLRT predicts exercise intolerance/capacity following coronary revascularization. Following coronary bypass/percutaneous coronary intervention, 120 inpatients underwent a PLRT and a cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET 2-12 days during post-surgery hospitalization and 3-5 weeks after hospital discharge. The PLRT included head-up, leg raise, and supine rest postures. The end point of the first CPET during admission was the supra-ventilatory anaerobic threshold, whereas that during the second CPET in the outpatient stage was maximal performance. Bio-reactance-based non-invasive cardiac output monitoring was employed during PLRT to measure real-time stroke volume and cardiac output. A correlation matrix showed that stroke volume during leg raise (SVLR during the first PLRT was positively correlated (R = 0.653 with the anaerobic threshold during the first CPET. When exercise intolerance was defined as an anaerobic threshold < 3 metabolic equivalents, SVLR / body weight had an area under curve value of 0.822, with sensitivity of 0.954, specificity of 0.593, and cut-off value of 1504·10-3mL/kg (positive predictive value 0.72; negative predictive value 0.92. Additionally, cardiac output during leg raise (COLR during the first PLRT was related to peak oxygen consumption during the second CPET (R = 0.678. When poor aerobic fitness was defined as peak oxygen consumption < 5 metabolic equivalents, COLR / body weight had an area under curve value of 0.814, with sensitivity of 0.781, specificity of 0.773, and a cut-off value of 68.3 mL/min/kg (positive predictive value 0.83; negative predictive value 0.71. Therefore, we conclude that PLRT during hospitalization has a good screening and predictive power for exercise intolerance/capacity in inpatients and early outpatients following coronary

  10. Deceleration injury of concomitant coronary artery and thoracic aorta:a case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶谦民; 陈君柱; 张芙荣; 邱原刚; 朱建华; 郑良荣

    2002-01-01

    An unusual case resulted from a motor vehicle accident presented with hemo-mediastinum and left pneumohemo~throrax and delayed anterior myocardial infarction. Further examination revealed a traumatic transection of left anterior descending coronary artery and a thoracic ortic rupture. Percutaneous revascularization of the left anterior descending artery was unsuccessful because the gidewire failed to pass through the stenosis, but aortic disruption was successfully stented with a stent graft. The patient recovered well, but aneurysm of cardiac anterior wall and decreased heart function remained.

  11. Patients With Suspected Coronary Artery Disease Referred for Examinations in the Era of Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zorlak, Adja; Zorlak, Amet; Thomassen, Anders

    2015-01-01

    Invasive coronary angiography (ICA) is the gold standard in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD), however, associated with rare but severe complications. Patients with a high pretest risk should be referred directly for ICA, whereas a noninvasive strategy is recommended in the remaining......-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), or ICA qualified for inclusion. The patients were followed for 1 year, and additional downstream diagnostic tests and need of coronary revascularization were registered. A total of 1,069 patients were included. A noninvasive test was the first examination in 797......], p = 0.09). In conclusion, a noninvasive diagnostic test was chosen as the first test in 3 of 4 patients. Of the patients referred directly for noninvasive examination, 1/5 had significant CAD, whereas 1/3 of those for invasive examination....

  12. Successful percutaneous coronary intervention for chronic total occlusion of right coronary artery in patient with dextrocardia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munawar, Muhammad; Hartono, Beny; Iskandarsyah, Kurniawan; Nguyen, Thach N

    2013-07-01

    Situs inversus with dextrocardia is rare congenital anomaly. Coronary artery disease in such patients is quite rare. We reported a 52-year-old man with dextrocardia and chronic total occlusion at the proximal right coronary artery just after conus branch and severe stenosis at the proximal left anterior descending artery. He underwent successful percutaneous coronary intervention with stenting of total occluded right coronary artery and simultaneously stenting of the proximal left anterior descending artery.

  13. Coronary Anomaly and Coronary Artery Fistula as Cause of Angina Pectoris with Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koneru, Jayanth; Samuel, Anish; Joshi, Meherwan; Hamden, Aiman; Shamoon, Fayez E.; Bikkina, Mahesh

    2011-01-01

    Coronary artery fistulas are rare anomalies of the coronary arteries that may sometimes cause symptoms by shunting blood flow away from the myocardial capillary network. We report the case of a 46-year old lady which shows the right coronary cusp giving rise to left main coronary artery called anomalous origin of a coronary artery (AOCA), and also a fistula between the left coronary artery and pulmonary artery. We describe our diagnostic approach and review the literature on the epidemiology, pathophysiology, the diagnostic modalities, and treatment options. PMID:22937462

  14. Coronary Anomaly and Coronary Artery Fistula as Cause of Angina Pectoris with Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayanth Koneru

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Coronary artery fistulas are rare anomalies of the coronary arteries that may sometimes cause symptoms by shunting blood flow away from the myocardial capillary network. We report the case of a 46-year old lady which shows the right coronary cusp giving rise to left main coronary artery called anomalous origin of a coronary artery (AOCA, and also a fistula between the left coronary artery and pulmonary artery. We describe our diagnostic approach and review the literature on the epidemiology, pathophysiology, the diagnostic modalities, and treatment options.

  15. Correlation between Patient-Reported Symptoms and Ankle-Brachial Index after Revascularization for Peripheral Arterial Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Je, Hyung Gon; Kim, Bo Hyun; Cho, Kyoung Im; Jang, Jae Sik; Park, Yong Hyun; Spertus, John

    2015-01-01

    Improvement in quality of life (QoL) is a primary treatment goal for patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). The current study aimed to quantify improvement in the health status of PAD patients following peripheral revascularization using the peripheral artery questionnaire (PAQ) and ankle-brachial index (ABI), and to evaluate possible correlation between the two methods. The PAQ and ABI were assessed in 149 symptomatic PAD patients before, and three months after peripheral revascularization. Mean PAQ summary scores improved significantly three months after revascularization (+49.3 ± 15 points, p PAQ scores relating to patient symptoms showed the largest improvement following revascularization. The smallest increases were seen in reported treatment satisfaction (all p's PAQ. Twenty-two percent of PAD patients were identified as having a poor response to revascularization (increase in ABI PAQ, although this was less marked than in patients with an increase in ABI > 0.15 following revascularization. In conclusion, data from the current study suggest a significant correlation between improvement in patient-reported outcomes assessed by PAQ and ABI in symptomatic PAD patients undergoing peripheral revascularization.

  16. Total Arterial Off‑pump Coronary Revascularization with a Bilateral ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The average age of the patients was 56.5±11.3 years, with the age ... All patients received general anesthesia under a standardized protocol .... death, complication, and late outcomes compared to the on-pump ... The rate of mediastinitis was 0.9%. (7/743) ... we feel that diabetes is not a contraindication to the BIMA. Y graft.

  17. Coronary Artery Revascularization in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Search Donate Circulation My alerts Sign In Join Facebook Twitter Home About this Journal Editorial Board General Statistics Circulation Doodle → Blip the Doodle Information for Advertisers Author Reprints Commercial Reprints Customer Service and Ordering ...

  18. Current Roles and Future Applications of Cardiac CT: Risk Stratification of Coronary Artery Disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoon, Yeonyee Elizabeth [Department of Cardiology, Cardiovascular Center, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam 463-707 (Korea, Republic of); Lim, Tae-Hwan [Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul 138-736 (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-07-01

    Cardiac computed tomography (CT) has emerged as a noninvasive modality for the assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD), and has been rapidly integrated into clinical cares. CT has changed the traditional risk stratification based on clinical risk to image-based identification of patient risk. Cardiac CT, including coronary artery calcium score and coronary CT angiography, can provide prognostic information and is expected to improve risk stratification of CAD. Currently used conventional cardiac CT, provides accurate anatomic information but not functional significance of CAD, and it may not be sufficient to guide treatments such as revascularization. Recently, myocardial CT perfusion imaging, intracoronary luminal attenuation gradient, and CT-derived computed fractional flow reserve were developed to combine anatomical and functional data. Although at present, the diagnostic and prognostic value of these novel technologies needs to be evaluated further, it is expected that all-in-one cardiac CT can guide treatment and improve patient outcomes in the near future.

  19. Awake off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery in 25 patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Huiming(郭惠明); Murali Chakravarthy; Vivek Jawali; K Jayaprakash; NV Shivananda

    2003-01-01

    Objectives To test the fea-sibility of the use of high thoracic epidural anesthesia as a sole anesthetic in patients undergoing off pump coronary artery bypass surgery, avoiding general anesthesia. Methods Between October 2002 to April 2003, twenty five cases underwent beating heart coronary artery revascularization without endotracheal general anesthesia, using high thoracic epidural anesthesia and analgesia. All the patients underwent epidural catheterization on the evening before the surgery. Results The patients in all received 71 grafts (single n = 11, double n = 5, triple n = 6, quadruple n = 3). Six patients underwent repeat coronary artery bypass. Except one was converted to general anesthesia and cardiopulmonary bypass, the other patients underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery, 2 patients underwent grafting via left thoracotomy (MIDCAB) and the rest through mid sternotony. There was no mortality. Mean length of stay in the intensive care tnit was 16.2 ( 4.2 hours and hospital was 3.0(1.2 days. Conclusions Our experience confirms the feasibility of performing multiple coronary artery bypassesin conscious patients without endotracheal general an esthesia.

  20. Right coronary ostium agenesis with anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from an ectasic circumflex artery. A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayala, F; Badui, E; Murillo, H; Madrid, R; Almazan, A; Rangel, A; Gutierrez-Vogel, S

    1995-07-01

    In this report the authors present a case with right coronary ostium agenesis with anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from an ectasic circumflex artery, which, according to the literature review, they consider to be a unique case.

  1. Magnetic resonance imaging of the coronary arteries : anatomy of the coronary arteries and veins in three-dimensional imaging

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Geuns, R J; Wielopolski, P A; Rensing, B J; van Ooijen, P M; Oudkerk, M; de Feyter, P J

    Magnetic resonance imaging of coronary arteries will visualize, besides the arteries, the myocardium, blood in the cavities and cardiac veins. This will hamper the application of projectional visualization techniques such as those used in conventional coronary angiography. Volume rendering, a

  2. [Anatomy and physiology of the heart and coronary arteries].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leclercq, Florence

    2015-03-01

    The myocardium assures the supply of oxygen to the body. The provision of oxygen to the myocardium by the coronary arteries is dependent on two key parameters: the coronary blood flow and the ability to extract oxygen from the arterial blood. Coronary artery disease is almost always the consequence of atherosclerosis and can lead to myocardial infarction.

  3. Diagnostic Accuracy of Stress Myocardial Perfusion Imaging Compared to Invasive Coronary Angiography With Fractional Flow Reserve Meta-Analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Takx, Richard A. P.; Blomberg, Bjorn A.; El Aidi, Hamza; Habets, Jesse; de Jong, Pim A.; Nagel, Eike; Hoffmann, Udo; Leiner, Tim

    2015-01-01

    Background-Hemodynamically significant coronary artery disease is an important indication for revascularization. Stress myocardial perfusion imaging is a noninvasive alternative to invasive fractional flow reserve for evaluating hemodynamically significant coronary artery disease. The aim was to det

  4. Dobutamine Stress Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Patients after Invasive Coronary Revascularization with Stent Placement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heilmaier, C.; Meier, F.; Forsting, M.; Schlosser, T.W. (Dept. of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, Univ. Hospital Essen, Essen (Germany)). e-mail: christina.heilmaier@uni-due.de; Bruder, O.; Jochims, M.; Sabin, G.V. (Dept. of Cardiology and Angiology, Elisabeth Hospital, Essen (Germany)); Barkhausen, J. (Dept. of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Univ. Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Luebeck, Luebeck (Germany))

    2009-12-15

    Background: High-dose dobutamine stress magnetic resonance (DSMR) is a well-established imaging technique for the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD). Purpose: To investigate the value of DSMR for the detection of in-stent restenoses (ISR) in patients with prior coronary stenting, using invasive coronary angiography (ICA) as the standard of reference. Material and Methods: 50 patients with 74 stents and without wall motion abnormalities at rest were examined on a 1.5T MR scanner and underwent ICA for clinical reasons within 14 days after DSMR examination. A dobutamine/atropine stress protocol was employed until age-predicted heart rate was achieved, and imaging was performed in at least three long- and three short-axis views using a segmented steady-state free precession sequence (repetition/echo time [TR/TE] 3/1.5 ms, flip angle 60 deg). All examinations were read by an experienced cardiologist and radiologist in consensus, with myocardial ischemia being defined as a new stress-induced wall motion abnormality in at least one myocardial segment. Statistical analysis was performed on a per-vessel (left circumflex artery [LCX], left anterior descending artery [LAD], and right coronary artery [RCA]) basis and with regard to the number of affected vessels (one-, two- or three-vessel disease). Results: ICA yielded seven ISR, of which one was missed by DSMR (sensitivity 86%, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.42-0.99). Sixty-seven coronary arteries showed no ISR in ICA; however, due to new wall motion abnormalities, seven ISR were suspected in DSMR (2xRCA, 3xLCX, and 2xLAD; sensitivity 86%, specificity 90%, positive predictive value 46%, negative predictive value 98%, and diagnostic accuracy 89%). The per-vessel analysis of the three main coronary arteries revealed highest sensitivity (100%), specificity (93%), and diagnostic accuracy (94%) for the LAD. Conclusion: High-dose DSMR is an accurate, noninvasive technique for the detection of ISR and reliably allows

  5. Reverse type IV dual left anterior descending coronary artery accompanying with anomalous origin of circumflex artery from right coronary sinus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Seyfeddin Gurbuz

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Dual left anterior descending (LAD artery is an infrequent coronary anomaly classified into six types. Short LAD arising from left main coronary artery (LMCA and long LAD sourcing from proximal right coronary artery comprise Type IV dual LAD. We reported anomalous origin of circumflex artery (Cx with reverse Type IV LAD including short LAD arising from right coronary sinus and long LAD originated form LMCA.

  6. A comparison of directional atherectomy with coronary angioplasty in patients with coronary artery disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E.J. Topol (Eric); F. Leya; C.A. Pinkerton; P.L. Whitlow (Patrick); B. Hofling; C.A. Simonton; R.R. Masden; P.W.J.C. Serruys (Patrick); M.B. Leon (Martin); D.O. Williams (David); S.B. King 3rd (Spencer); B. Daniel; D.B. Mark (Daniel); J.M. Isner; D.R. Holmes Jr (David); S.G. Ellis (Stephen); K.L. Lee (Kerry); G.P. Keeler; L.G. Berdan (Lisa); T. Hinohara; R.M. Califf (Robert)

    1993-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND. Directional coronary atherectomy is a new technique of coronary revascularization by which atherosclerotic plaque is excised and retrieved from target lesions. With respect to the rate of restenosis and clinical outcomes, it is not known how this procedure compares with ballo

  7. A comparison of directional atherectomy with coronary angioplasty in patients with coronary artery disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E.J. Topol (Eric); F. Leya; C.A. Pinkerton; P.L. Whitlow (Patrick); B. Hofling; C.A. Simonton; R.R. Masden; P.W.J.C. Serruys (Patrick); M.B. Leon (Martin); D.O. Williams (David); S.B. King 3rd (Spencer); B. Daniel; D.B. Mark (Daniel); J.M. Isner; D.R. Holmes Jr (David); S.G. Ellis (Stephen); K.L. Lee (Kerry); G.P. Keeler; L.G. Berdan (Lisa); T. Hinohara; R.M. Califf (Robert)

    1993-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND. Directional coronary atherectomy is a new technique of coronary revascularization by which atherosclerotic plaque is excised and retrieved from target lesions. With respect to the rate of restenosis and clinical outcomes, it is not known how this procedure compares with

  8. Trends in Coronary Angiography, Revascularization, and Outcomes of Cardiogenic Shock Complicating Non-ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolte, Dhaval; Khera, Sahil; Dabhadkar, Kaustubh C; Agarwal, Shikhar; Aronow, Wilbert S; Timmermans, Robert; Jain, Diwakar; Cooper, Howard A; Frishman, William H; Menon, Venu; Bhatt, Deepak L; Abbott, J Dawn; Fonarow, Gregg C; Panza, Julio A

    2016-01-01

    Early revascularization is the mainstay of treatment for cardiogenic shock (CS) complicating acute myocardial infarction. However, data on the contemporary trends in management and outcomes of CS complicating non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) are limited. We used the 2006 to 2012 Nationwide Inpatient Sample databases to identify patients aged ≥ 18 years with NSTEMI with or without CS. Temporal trends and differences in coronary angiography, revascularization, and outcomes were analyzed. Of 2,191,772 patients with NSTEMI, 53,800 (2.5%) had a diagnosis of CS. From 2006 to 2012, coronary angiography rates increased from 53.6% to 60.4% in patients with NSTEMI with CS (ptrend <0.001). Among patients who underwent coronary angiography, revascularization rates were significantly higher in patients with CS versus without CS (72.5% vs 62.6%, p <0.001). Patients with NSTEMI with CS had significantly higher risk-adjusted in-hospital mortality (odds ratio 10.09, 95% confidence interval 9.88 to 10.32) as compared to those without CS. In patients with CS, an invasive strategy was associated with lower risk-adjusted in-hospital mortality (odds ratio 0.43, 95% confidence interval 0.42 to 0.45). Risk-adjusted in-hospital mortality, length of stay, and total hospital costs decreased over the study period in patients with and without CS (ptrend <0.001). In conclusion, we observed an increasing trend in coronary angiography and decreasing trend in in-hospital mortality, length of stay, and total hospital costs in patients with NSTEMI with and without CS. Despite these positive trends, overall coronary angiography and revascularization rates remain less than optimal and in-hospital mortality unacceptably high in patients with NSTEMI and CS.

  9. [Percutaneous myocardial laser revascularization (PMR)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lauer, B; Stahl, F; Bratanow, S; Schuler, G

    2000-09-01

    In patients with severe angina pectoris due to coronary artery disease, who are not candidates for either percutaneous coronary angioplasty or coronary artery bypass surgery, transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMR) often leads to improvement of clinical symptoms and increased exercise capacity. One drawback of TMR is the need for surgical thoracotomy in order to gain access to the epicardial surface of the heart. Therefore, a catheter-based system has been developed, which allows creation of laser channels into the myocardium from the left ventricular cavity. Between January 1997 and November 1999, this "percutaneous myocardial laser revascularization" (PMR) has been performed in 101 patients at the Herzzentrum Leipzig. In 63 patients, only 1 region of the heart (anterior, lateral, inferior or septal) was treated with PMR, in 38 patients 2 or 3 regions were treated in 1 session. There were 12.3 +/- 4.5 (range 4 to 22) channels/region created into the myocardium. After 3 months, the majority of patients reported significant improvement of clinical symptoms (CCS class at baseline: 3.3 +/- 0.4, after 6 months: 1.6 +/- 0.8) (p PMR, the CCS class after 2 years was 1.3 +/- 0.7, exercise capacity was 500 +/- 193 s. However, thallium scintigraphy failed to show increased perfusion in the PMR treated regions. The pathophysiologic mechanisms of myocardial laser revascularization is not yet understood. Most of the laser channels are found occluded after various time intervals after intervention. Other possible mechanisms include myocardial denervation or angioneogenesis after laser revascularization, however, unequivocal evidence for these theories is not yet available. In conclusion, PMR seems to be a safe and feasible new therapeutic option for patients with refractory angina pectoris due to end-stage coronary artery disease. The first results indicate improvement of clinical symptoms and increased exercise capacity, whereas evidence of increased perfusion after laser

  10. Diffuse coronary artery ectasia in a patient with left main coronary artery trifurcation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wasilewski, Jarosław; Desperak, Piotr; Bujak, Kamil; Głowacki, Jan; Gąsior, Mariusz

    2016-09-01

    The term coronary ectasia is reserved to describe a diffuse dilatation of coronary artery segments that have a diameter that exceeds the size of normal adjacent coronary segments by 1.5 times. The occurrence of coronary artery ectasia (CAE) ranges from 3% to 8% in the group of patients undergoing coronary computed tomography angiography. The CAE is associated with traditional risk factors and often co-exists with coronary atherosclerosis, which suggests that ectasia may represent an advanced form of atherosclerosis. Nevertheless, there is a lack of consensus on the clinical implications and management of patients in whom the occurrence of CAE is observed, especially in patients without concomitant obstructive atherosclerosis. Here, we present a rare case of a 62-year-old patient with multiple CAEs and left main trifurcation.

  11. Significance of coronary artery calcification demonstrated by computed tomography in detecting coronary artery stenosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shiraki, Teruo; Akiyama, Yoko; Kita, Masahide [Iwakuni national Hospital, Yamaguchi (Japan)] [and others

    2002-02-01

    Serial 27 patients with angina attack were enrolled in this trial. Plain computed tomography (CT) of the chest and coronary angiogram were performed simultaneously. Calcification of main branch of coronary arteies (left main trunk, left anterior desending artery, left circumflex artery, right coronary artery) was judged visually. More than 50% stenosis was defined significant by quantitative coronary angiogram. Correlation between calcified lesions detected by CT and angiographic stenoses showed high specificity and negative predictive value was also high (sensitity=58%, specificity=80%, positive predictive value=27%, negative predictive value=94%, p<0.05). There was no significant correlation between patients with calcification of corornary artery and angiographic stenosis. The present study showed the low probability of significant stenosis without calcification and the high probability with multiple calcified lesions. (author)

  12. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection in pregnancy requiring emergency caesarean delivery followed by coronary artery bypass grafting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinberg, L; Ong, M; Tan, C O; McDonnell, N J; Lo, C; Chiam, E

    2013-03-01

    Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a rare and often fatal condition of pregnancy. The long-term morbidity is unknown, but a small cohort of patients develop severe ventricular dysfunction as a consequence. We describe a 37-week gestation parturient who presented with cardiogenic shock secondary to spontaneous left main coronary artery dissection. Despite rapid diagnosis, stabilisation with an intra-aortic balloon pump and prompt transfer to a tertiary centre for emergency caesarean delivery and coronary artery bypass grafting, the patient developed a severe postoperative dilated ischaemic cardiomyopathy. There is little information about the long-term outcomes and the specific anaesthesia management of combined emergency caesarean delivery and cardiac surgery in pregnancy for spontaneous coronary artery dissection. Therefore, we outline our multidisciplinary management of this critically ill pregnant woman.

  13. An unreported type of coronary artery naomaly in congenitally corrected transposition of great arteries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kwak, Min Kyu; Jeong, Yeon Joo; Lee, Gee Won; Lee, Nam Kyung; Choi, Jung Hyun; Lee, Ji Won [Medical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-07-15

    Coronary artery variations are associated anomalies in 45% of congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (ccTGA) cases, and it is important to detect any coronary artery anomalies before cardiac surgery. We report a case of a 51-year-old woman with ccTGA and an unreported type of coronary artery anomaly.

  14. Acute coronary syndromes without persistent st-segment elevation: advances in surgical revascularization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoffoli, Giampaolo; Nicolini, Francesco; Beghi, Cesare; Budillon, Alessandro Maria; Agostinelli, Andrea; Borrello, Bruno; Cagnoni, Giovanni; Frassetto, Guido; Fragnito, Claudio; Gherli, Tiziano

    2005-09-01

    Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) still plays a fundamental role in the management of acute coronary syndromes. The aim of this study is to report the experience of our center in the treatment of patients with acute coronary sindromes without persistent ST elevation urgently operated on with CABG, and to discuss surgical problems related. Two-hundred and six patients were urgently operated on for CABG for acute coronary syndromes without persistent ST-segment elevation from January 2001 to February 2003. The majority of them had three vessel coronary disease (72%) and left main stem disease occurred in 20% of the patients. Mean LVEF (left ventricular ejection fraction) was 54 +/- 12% whereas 9% of the patients had a LVEF < 40%. Twenty-one patients (10%) received glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor inhibitors and 35 (17%) received intravenous heparin therapy before surgery. Mean interval time between the onset of symptoms and surgery was 16 +/- 10 days (range 4-50). In-hospital mortality was 2% (4 patients). Perioperative AMI (acute myocardial infarction) occurred in 4% (8 patients) and a transient low cardiac output syndrome in 27 patients (13%). Bleeding requiring surgery occurred in 1% of the patients. Transient respiratory insufficiency was present in 12 patients (6%) and acute renal failure in 8 patients (4%). Mean I.C.U. time was 2.4 days (1-17). Urgent CABG for acute coronary syndromes shows a low risk for in-hospital mortality and morbidity. In acute patients arterial grafts are not detrimental for the outcome, but are recommended in the absence of contraindications to improve long-term results. In spite of recent developments in cardioplegic cardiac arrest, optimal myocardial protection against perioperative myocardial infarction still remains a challenge.

  15. Epicardial ultrasound in coronary artery bypass surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Budde, R.P.J.

    2005-01-01

    Chapter 1 Coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) is traditionally performed via a median sternotomy approach on cardiopulmonary bypass (arrested heart). Since the mid 1990ties, beating heart, minimally invasive and even totally endoscopic CABG are (re)explored. In all approaches to CABG, the

  16. Patient's Perception About Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelminda Maria Bulhões Mendonça

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: The diagnosis of coronary artery disease referred for heart surgery has an important psychological component. The purpose of this study was to access the difficulties experienced by individuals awaiting coronary artery bypass grafting and to determine strategies that facilitate adaptation to a new lifestyle, modified by the disease. METHODS: A qualitative, exploratory study involving patients admitted to a university teaching hospital in the city of Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, awaiting coronary artery bypass grafting. Semi-structured interviews were performed in accordance with a previously defined script based on the study objective. Each transcription was read in its entirety to verify the representativeness, homogeneity and pertinence of the data obtained (pre-analysis, followed by separation of categories of analysis. RESULTS: The descriptions of this study show that patients admitted to the completion of coronary artery bypass grafting experience a wide range of psychological difficulties, considering that surgery acquires interpretations that vary according to individuals' subjectivity. The patients recognized the benefit of being able to discuss their feelings as a means of diminishing their fear and anxiety. CONCLUSION: Helping patients find resources to confront more positively the daily hospitalization is an important aspect for the health care professionals who assist them. This goal can be achieved through modification of the biomedical model of care for a biopsychosocial view. The investment of time and attention is of fundamental importance and aims to overcome existing deficiencies that interfere with the outcome of patients after cardiac surgery.

  17. Inpatient and outpatient cardiac rehabilitation programmes improve cardiometabolic risk in revascularized coronary patients with type 2 diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudiu Avram

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to evaluate cardiometabolic risk reduction of diabetic patients following coronary revascularizationprocedures after participation in outpatients or inpatients cardiac rehabilitation programmes. Materials and methods: weperformed a retrospective analytical study which included a group of 103 revascularized coronary patients with diabetesmellitus. Depending on participation in a cardiac rehabilitation program we have defined the following subgroups of patients:Group O (N=37 - attended the outpatient cardiac rehabilitation program; Group H (N=37 - attended the inpatient cardiacrehabilitation program; Group C (N=34 - did not participate in any cardiac rehabilitation program. Between those two momentsof assessment: T0 - revascularization / early post-revascularization and T1 - time of the interview (16±2.3 months afterrevascularization, patients in groups A and S participated in outpatient cardiac rehabilitation program (12 weeks, 3sessions/week of exercise training, with clinical and paraclinical evaluation scheduled at 1, 6, 12 months afterrevascularization, or inpatient cardiac rehabilitation program (3 weeks, intensive sessions, scheduled at 1, 3, 6 and 12months after revascularization. Results: at the end of the study, we found significant differences among the three groups forthe following parameters: body mass index (p=0.01, systolic blood pressure (p=0.002, total cholesterol (p<0.001, LDLcholesterol(p<0.001 and non-HDL cholesterol (p=0.004 in favor of groups A and S, that have participated in comprehensivecardiac rehabilitation programs. Conclusions: comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation programmes, performed outpatient orinpatient, are effective methods of reducing the high cardiometabolic risk, specific in revascularized coronary patients withdiabetes.

  18. Myocardial FFR (Fractional Flow Reserve in patients with angiographically intermediate coronary artery stenosis - an initial institutional experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jagadish H. Ramaiah

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: The clinical significance of coronary artery stenosis of intermediate severity can be difficult to determine. The management of intermediate coronary lesions, defined by a diameter stenosis of ¡I40% to ¡U70%, continues to be a therapeutic dilemma for cardiologists. The 2-dimensional representation of the arterial lesion provided by angiography is limited in distinguishing intermediate lesions that require stenting from those that simply need appropriate medical therapy. In the era of drug-eluting stents, some might propose that stenting all intermediate coronary lesions is an appropriate solution. However, the possibility of procedural complications such as coronary dissection, no reflow phenomenon, in-stent restenosis, and stent thrombosis requires accurate stratification of patients with intermediate coronary lesions to appropriate therapy. Myocardial fractional flow reserve (FFR is an index of the functional severity of coronary stenosis that is calculated from pressure measurements made during coronary angiography. The objective of the study is to evaluate the usefulness of FFR in patients with angiographically intermediate coronary artery stenosis. Methods: 20 patients with intermediate coronary stenosis and chest pain of uncertain origin. The Exercise Electrocardiography (TMT, Myocardial Perfusion Imaging study (MPI, Quantitative Coronary Angiography (QCA were compared with the results of FFR measurements. Results: 20 patients were undergone FFR measurement during the study period. With the mean age of 57.25¡À11.2 and male patients were 16 (80%, female patients 4 (20%, in all 13 patients with an FFR of 0.75 tested negative for reversible myocardial ischemia on TMT and MPI study. No revascularization procedures were performed in 7 (35% patients, and no adverse cardiovascular events were noted in all these patients during 6 months of follow-up. Conclusions: In patients with coronary stenosis of intermediate severity, FFR

  19. Pulse-pressure variation predicts fluid responsiveness during heart displacement for off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jong-Hwan; Jeon, Yunseok; Bahk, Jae-Hyon; Gil, Nam-Su; Kim, Ki-Bong; Hong, Deok Man; Kim, Hyun Joo

    2011-12-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of pulse-pressure variation to predict fluid responsiveness during heart displacement for off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery using receiver operating characteristic analysis. A prospective study. A clinical study in a single cardiac anesthesia institution. Thirty-five patients undergoing elective off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. Central venous pressure, pulmonary arterial occlusion pressure, pulse-pressure variation, and cardiac index were measured 5 minutes after revascularization of the left anterior descending coronary artery and before heart displacement. Immediately after heart displacement for revascularization of the left circumflex artery, and 10 minutes after fluid loading with hydroxyethyl starch 6% (10 mL/kg) during heart displacement, the measurements were repeated. Patients whose cardiac indices increased by ≥15% from fluid loading were defined as responders. After heart displacement, only pulse-pressure variation showed significant difference between the responders and nonresponders (13.48 ± 6.42 v 7.33 ± 3.81, respectively; p fluid responsiveness (area under the curve = 0.839, p = 0.0001). Pulse-pressure variation >7.69% identified the responders, with a sensitivity of 86% and a specificity of 83%. Pulse-pressure variation successfully predicted fluid responsiveness and would be useful in guiding fluid management during heart displacement for off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. “Obesity paradox” in coronary artery disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akin, Ibrahim; Nienaber, Christoph A

    2015-01-01

    Obesity used to be among the more neglected public health problems, but has unfolded as a growing medical and socioeconomic burden of epidemic proportions. Morbid obesity is linked to traditional cardiovascular risk factors like, hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes, and suspected to incur increased morbidity and mortality in the Western and even third world populations. This patient cohort is also at greater risk to develop coronary artery disease. Recent population-based registries revealed that 43% and 24% of all cases of coronary revascularization were carried out in overweight and obese patients, respectively. However, despite evidence of a positive correlation between obesity and increased cardiovascular morbidity, some authors have described a better clinical outcome in overweight and obese patients, a phenomenon they coined “obesity paradoxon”. Thus, there is an ongoing debate in light of conflicting data and the possibility of confounding bias causing misconception and challenging the “obesity paradox”. In this review article we present the current evidence and throughly discuss the validity of the “obesity paradoxon” in a variety of clinical settings. PMID:26516414

  1. “Obesity paradox” in coronary artery disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ibrahim; Akin; Christoph; A; Nienaber

    2015-01-01

    Obesity used to be among the more neglected public health problems, but has unfolded as a growing medical and socioeconomic burden of epidemic proportions. Morbid obesity is linked to traditional cardiovascular risk factors like, hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes, and suspected to incur increased morbidity and mortality in the Western and even third world populations. This patient cohort is also at greater risk to develop coronary artery disease. Recent population-based registries revealed that 43% and 24% of all cases of coronary revascularization were carried out in overweight and obese patients, respectively. However, despite evidence of a positive correlation between obesity and increased cardiovascular morbidity, some authors have described a better clinical outcome in overweight and obese patients, a phenomenon they coined "obesity paradoxon". Thus, there is an ongoing debate in light of conflicting data and the possibility of confounding bias causing misconception and challenging the "obesity paradox". In this review article we present the current evidence and throughly discuss the validity of the "obesity paradoxon" in a variety of clinical settings.

  2. Emergency coronary artery stenting for coronary dissection complicating diagnostic cardiac catheterisation.

    OpenAIRE

    Knight, C; Stables, R; Sigwart, U

    1995-01-01

    Dissection of a coronary artery is a recognised and significant complication of diagnostic coronary angiography that often requires emergency coronary artery bypass grafting. A coronary stent was used to treat this complication. This technique has potential advantages in terms of speed of reperfusion and availability in centres performing diagnostic angiography without surgical cover on site.

  3. Chronic Total Occlusion Should Not Routinely be Treated with Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weintraub, William S.; Garratt, Kirk N.

    2017-01-01

    Chronic total occlusions (CTOs) of the coronary arteries are common. In addition, they are often treated by coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. The decision to perform CABG for CTOs should be predicated on the demonstration of viability of the subtended myocardium and based on evidence that revascularization will increase the probability of some demonstrably better outcome, whether improved quality of life, prevention of future non-fatal everts or prolongation of life. The literature on surgical revascularization of CTOs is limited, and largely descriptive with only one post-hoc analysis from a randomized trial. There are two small non-randomized studies comparing PCI and to medical therapy. That the outcomes data are so limited affects the ability to justify CABG in this setting. The literature on PCI for CTOs is far more extensive, although there is also limited clinical trial data or comparative effectiveness data concerning choice of therapy for CTOs. Nonetheless, CABG for CTOs can be more easily justified in the setting of multivessel disease where bypass of the CTO is part of an overall strategy of complete revascularization. Thus, CABG for CTOs can be best justified where there is multivessel disease, poorly controlled angina pectoris, and evidence of viability in the subtended zone. While carrying out studies concerning CABG for CTOs will be difficult, a research agenda in this space is clearly needed. PMID:27143549

  4. Comparison of health-related quality of life after percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yazdani-Bakhsh, Razieh; Javanbakht, Mehdi; Sadeghi, Masoumeh; Mashayekhi, Atefeh; Ghaderi, Hossein; Rabiei, Katayoun

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) evaluation is an important measure of the impact of the disease. As more people with coronary heart disease (CHD) live longer, doctors and researchers want to know how they manage in day to day life. It looked like adults with CHD had a decrease QOL. The aim of this study was to comparison of HRQOL of patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and to assess its main determinants in the whole sample of coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. METHODS The study was carried out to estimate HRQOL of 109 patients who underwent invasive coronary revascularization [PCI (n = 75) and CABG (n = 34)]. We applied HRQOL after 6 months and 2 years in both groups and scores were compared. The HRQOL data were obtained using MacNew Heart Disease questionnaire with dimensions emotional, physical and social that estimated. Data entry and analysis were performed by SPSS. RESULTS A total MacNew scale in CABG and PCI group in 6 months after treatment were 45.32 ± 13.75 and 53.52 ± 15.63, respectively (P = 0.010). After 2 years HRQOL mean changed to 51.176 ± 14.80 and 49.55 ± 16.22, respectively, in CABG and PCI group (P = 0.428). Our results in within-group analysis showed total MacNew scale and its subscales were changed significantly after 2 years in CABG and PCI group’s scores were detected. We found in the whole sample of CAD patients those who had a higher level of income and education and were not either overweight or obese experienced better HRQOL. CONCLUSION Our results showed that patients who underwent PCI experienced significantly higher HRQOL in 6 months after revascularization but over 24 months follow-up no difference was observed between the two groups.

  5. Economic outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-eluting stents versus bypass surgery for patients with left main or three-vessel coronary artery disease: One-year results from the SYNTAX trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.J. Cohen (David J.); T.A. Lavelle (Tara); B.A. van Hout (Ben); H. Li (Haiying); Y. Lei (Yang); J.L. Robertus; D. Pinto (Duane); E.A. Magnuson (Elizabeth); T.F. McGarry (Thomas); S.K. Lucas (Scott); R.I. Horwitz (Ralph); C.A. Henry (Carl); P.W.J.C. Serruys (Patrick); F.W. Mohr (Friedrich); A.P. Kappetein (Arie Pieter)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractObjectives: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of alternative approaches to revascularization for patients with three-vessel or left main coronary artery disease (CAD). Background: Previous studies have demonstrated that, despite higher initial costs, long-term costs with bypass surgery

  6. Garroteamento da artéria coronária na revascularização do miocárdio: Relação entre o grau de aterosclerose e a lesão vascular: estudo experimental Occlusion of coronary artery in myocardial revascularization: Relationship between the degree of atherosclerosis and vascular injury: an experimental study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Roberto Gerola

    1987-04-01

    Full Text Available As anastomoses safena ou mamária-coronária, sendo suturas realizadas em vasos de fino calibre, necessitam de condições ideais para sua realização. Mesmo em circulação extracorpórea e pinçamento aórtico, pode persistir sangramento pela arteriotomia coronária, obrigando o cirurgião a realizar algumas manobras, entre elas os garroteamentos proximal e distai, para conseguir um campo exangue. Mais recentemente, face à possibilidade de se executar a revascularização miocárdica sem circulação extracorpórea, tornou-se fundamental dispor-se de um método que possibilite a oclusão temporária da artéria coronária para a realização das anastomoses. Com esta preocupação, foi realizado um estudo experimental, procurando avaliar seis métodos de hemostasia temporária, aplicados em artérias com graus variáveis de aterosclerose. O modelo experimental utilizado foi a artéria coronária direita, em cadáver. O estudo histológico, aplicando as colorações de hematoxilina-ecosina, Weigert e hematoxilina fosfotúngstica, permitiu a determinação objetiva da intensidade da aterosclerose na artéria coronária e os padrões e graus de lesões causados à parede arterial pelos métodos utilizados para sua oclusão temporária. Nessa amostra, os resultados sugerem uma tendência de relacionamento direto entre a gravidade da lesão arterial induzida pelo garroteamento e a severidade da aterosclerose coronária, independente do tipo de dispositivo utilizado para a interrupção do fluxo coronário.Coronary artery surgery, specially when performed without cardiopulmonary bypass, needs an "atraumatic" method that allows temporary coronary occlusion with minimal injury to the vessel wall. An experimental study was performed using the right coronary artery of cadaver hearts in order to evaluate the methods of "atraumatic" clamping of arteries with variable degrees of atherosclerosis. The vessels were evaluated histologically both for

  7. Dextrocardia with situs inversus totalis: coronary artery bypass grafting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashmi, Salila; Anis, Mariam; Darr, Umer

    2012-01-01

    Dextrocardia with situs inversus is a rare congenital abnormality involving a left-handed mal rotation of the visceral organs. The incidence of coronary artery disease is the same as that in the general population. Performing coronary artery bypass surgery on patients with dextrocardia poses a more challenging task. It is recommended that the right internal mammary artery be the first choice of graft for the anterior descending artery for a "situs inversus" situation. We report 2 cases of patients with Dextrocardia who developed coronary artery disease and underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. Also mentioned is the slight difference in our technique.

  8. [Morphofunctional correlation in congenital anomalies of the coronary arteries. II. The ectopic origin of the coronary arteries].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rangel-Abundis, A; Muñoz-Castellanos, L; Chávez-Pérez, E; Sánchez-Moreira, L M; Marín, G; Badui, E; Solorio, S

    1994-01-01

    The authors describe the morphogenesis and functional alterations of the coronary arterial net in the ectopic coronary arteries: a) with origin in the aorta or its branches and b) with origin in the pulmonary artery. The coronary arteries are developed from: 1) endothelial sprouts localized in the great arteries walls at the level of the sigmoidal values, 2) right and left subepicardial vascular network and 3) the intramyocardial sinusoids. Most of the ectopic coronary arteries result from alterations in the connection between these three embryonic elements. The deviation of one of the subepicardial vascular network in a wrong way (in direction of pulmonary artery or the opposite Valsalva sinus) will stimulate the development of endothelial sprouts which will connect such network originating abnormal connections and anomalous origin of the coronary arteries. The origin of both coronary arteries from the pulmonary artery is in compatible with life. Myocardial ischemia is absent in patients with type I (infant) or type II (adult) anomalous origin of one coronary artery from the pulmonary artery, only in the transitional phase between both types (I and II) there is myocardial ischemia previous to the formation of the collateral coronary circulation. The ectopic origin of the coronary artery from the aortic Valsalva sinus have very little hemodynamic repercussion in the patient. Although there are cases with postexercise sudden dead. These anomalies associated to atherosclerotic coronary stenosis have an impact on the evolution and prognosis of ischemic heart disease.

  9. Bioresorbable polymeric scaffolds for coronary revascularization: Lessons learnt from ABSORB III, ABSORB China, and ABSORB Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gogas, Bill D; King, Spencer B; Samady, Habib

    2015-01-01

    Bioresorbable polymers and biocorrodible metals are the latest developments in biodegradable materials used in interventional cardiology for the mechanical treatment of coronary atherosclerosis. Poly-L-lactic acid is the most frequently used bioresorbable polymer and initial evidence of feasibility, efficacy and clinical safety following deployment of polymer-based platforms was gained after completion of the first-in-man longitudinal ABSORB registries, Cohorts A and B and ABSORB Extend. In these studies, the biologic interaction of the first-generation Absorb Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffold (BVS) (Abbott Vascular, SC, Calif., US) with the underlying vascular tissue was evaluated in vivo with multiple imaging modalities such as intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), virtual histology-IVUS, IVUS-palpography, optical coherence tomography as well as ex vivo with coronary computed tomography. Efficacy measures following this in vivo multi-imaging assessment as well as clinical safety were comparable with current generation drug-eluting stents (DES) (Abbott Vascular, SC, Calif., US) in non-complex lesions over a 3-year follow-up. Furthermore, novel properties of functional and anatomic restoration of the vessel wall during the late phases of resorption and vascular healing were observed transforming the field of mechanical treatment of atherosclerosis from delivering only acute revascularization to additionally enable late repair and subsequent restoration of a more physiologic underlying vascular tissue. Despite the sufficient evidence and the subsequent Conformité Européenne mark approval of the first fully biodegradable scaffold (Absorb BVS) in 2012 for revascularizing non-complex lesions, the paucity of randomized comparisons of fully bioresorbable scaffolds (BRS) with metallic DES in a "real-world" clinical setting raised controversies among the interventional community for the merit of these technologies. Only recently, results from international large

  10. Coronary artery disease: medical therapy

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hypertension, smoking, diabetes, abdominal obesity, diet poor in daily ... Evidence indicates that a life-time low LDL-cholesterol level lowers the risk of ... of the drugs used.14. In the chronic artery disease setting, non-adherence to.

  11. Treatment of a coronary artery to superior vena cava fistula resulting from early closure of a Possis Perma-Flow graft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, M M; Kells, C M; Sullivan, J; O'Neill, B J

    1999-06-01

    The Perma-Flow graft used in bypass surgery achieves more complete revascularization when paucity of native conduits exists. We report a coronary artery to superior vena cava fistula as a complication of this graft, leading to severe right heart failure. The fistula was successfully occluded percutaneously, improving the patient's clinical situation.

  12. ACCF/SCAI/STS/AATS/AHA/ASNC/HFSA/SCCT 2012 appropriate use criteria for coronary revascularization focused update: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation Appropriate Use Criteria Task Force, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society of Thoracic Surgeons, American Association for Thoracic Surgery, American Heart Association, American Society of Nuclear Cardiology, and the Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Manesh R; Dehmer, Gregory J; Hirshfeld, John W; Smith, Peter K; Spertus, John A; Masoudi, Frederick A; Dehmer, Gregory J; Patel, Manesh R; Smith, Peter K; Chambers, Charles E; Ferguson, T Bruce; Garcia, Mario J; Grover, Frederick L; Holmes, David R; Klein, Lloyd W; Limacher, Marian C; Mack, Michael J; Malenka, David J; Park, Myung H; Ragosta, Michael; Ritchie, James L; Rose, Geoffrey A; Rosenberg, Alan B; Russo, Andrea M; Shemin, Richard J; Weintraub, William S; Wolk, Michael J; Bailey, Steven R; Douglas, Pamela S; Hendel, Robert C; Kramer, Christopher M; Min, James K; Patel, Manesh R; Shaw, Leslee; Stainback, Raymond F; Allen, Joseph M

    2012-04-01

    The American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF), Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society of Thoracic Surgeons, and the American Association for Thoracic Surgery, along with key specialty and subspecialty societies, conducted an update of the appropriate use criteria (AUC) for coronary revascularization frequently considered. In the initial document, 180 clinical scenarios were developed to mimic patient presentations encountered in everyday practice and included information on symptom status, extent of medical therapy, risk level as assessed by noninvasive testing, and coronary anatomy. This update provides a reassessment of clinical scenarios the writing group felt to be affected by significant changes in the medical literature or gaps from prior criteria. The methodology used in this update is similar to the initial document, and the definition of appropriateness was unchanged. The technical panel scored the clinical scenarios on a scale of 1 to 9. Scores of 7 to 9 indicate that revascularization is considered appropriate and likely to improve patients' health outcomes or survival. Scores of 1 to 3 indicate revascularization is considered inappropriate and unlikely to improve health outcomes or survival. Scores in the mid-range (4 to 6) indicate a clinical scenario for which the likelihood that coronary revascularization will improve health outcomes or survival is uncertain. In general, as seen with the prior AUC, the use of coronary revascularization for patients with acute coronary syndromes and combinations of significant symptoms and/or ischemia is appropriate. In contrast, revascularization of asymptomatic patients or patients with low-risk findings on noninvasive testing and minimal medical therapy are viewed less favorably. The technical panel felt that based on recent studies, coronary artery bypass grafting remains an appropriate method of revascularization for patients with high burden of coronary artery disease (CAD

  13. Use of fractional flow reserve in patients with coronary artery disease: The right choice for the right outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Jae Yoon; Lerman, Amir; Herrmann, Joerg

    2017-02-01

    Despite advances in therapy, coronary artery disease (CAD) remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Over the past years, the utilization of revascularization procedures has been refined, and in the best interest of the patient and to reduce the healthcare burden of CAD, it is paramount that patients are appropriately selected for therapies aiming at improving their symptoms and prognosis. Fractional flow reserve (FFR) is the current invasive standard test to identify hemodynamically significant coronary artery stenoses with resultant implications for revascularization and clinical outcomes. In this review, we discuss the current evidence behind the use of FFR as well as new trends in the application of this technique to help guide clinicians in making the best management decisions for patients with CAD.

  14. Fixed Coronary Artery Stenosis in Tunneled Coronary Artery Identified by Intravascular Ultrasound: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuxiang Dai

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Myocardial bridging is characterized as the compression of a segment of the coronary artery during systole. Significant atherosclerosis within the bridge is almost never seen at pathologic examination because of the absence of synthetic type smooth muscle cells in the intima of the tunneled artery. To date, there have been no reports of significant atherosclerosis at the site of myocardial bridging documented by angiography or intravenous ultrasound. We report a rare case of fixed coronary artery stenosis at the site of myocardial bridging identified by intravascular ultrasound.

  15. Cardiac power index, mean arterial pressure, and Simplified Acute Physiology Score II are strong predictors of survival and response to revascularization in cardiogenic shock.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popovic, Batric; Fay, Renaud; Cravoisy-Popovic, Aurelie; Levy, Bruno

    2014-07-01

    Short-term prognostic factors in patients with cardiogenic shock (CS) have previously been established using only hemodynamic parameters without taking into account classic intensive care unit (ICU) severity score or organ failure/support. The aim of this study was to assess early predictors of in-hospital mortality of a monocentric cohort of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction complicated by early CS. We retrospectively studied 85 consecutive patients with CS complicating acute myocardial infarction and Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction flow grade 3 after percutaneous coronary revascularization. All patients were managed according to the following algorithm: initial resuscitation by a mobile medical unit or in-hospital critical care physician unit followed by percutaneous coronary revascularization and CS management in the ICU. Prehospital CS was diagnosed in 69% of cases, initially complicated by an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in 64% of cases. All patients were treated with vasopressors, 82% were ventilated, and 22% underwent extrarenal epuration. The 28-day mortality rate was 39%. Under multivariate analysis, initial cardiac power index, mean arterial pressure of less than 75 mmHg at hour 6 of ICU management, and Simplified Acute Physiology Score II were independent predictive factors of in-hospital mortality. In conclusion, parameters directly related to cardiac performance and vascular response to vasopressors and admission Simplified Acute Physiology Score II are strong predictors of in-hospital mortality.

  16. Coronary artery bypass grafting for Kawasaki disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Hong-wei; CHANG Qian; XU Jian-ping; SONG Yun-hu; SUN Han-song; HU Sheng-shou

    2010-01-01

    Background Kawasaki disease (KD) is the leading cause of pediatric ischemic heart disease. The incidence of serious coronary sequelae is low and about 2%-3% of patients with KD, but once myocardial infarction occurs in children, the mortality is quite high and 22% at the first infarction.This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with KD.Methods Eight patients with a history of KD underwent CABG between October 1997 and July 2005. The number of bypass grafts placed was 2 to 4 per patient (mean 2.5±0.8). Various bypass grafts were used in patients, i.e. the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) in 3 patients, bilateral internal mammary artery (IMA) in 2 patients, LIMA plus gastroepiploic artery (GEA) in 1 patient and total saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) in 2 patients. The combined procedures included ventricular aneurysmectomy in 1 patient, mitral valve plasty in 1 and right coronary aneurysmectomy in 1. One patient was not able to wean from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), after being supported with intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP), the patient was weaned from CPB successfully.Results One patient died of low cardiac output syndrome and acute renal failure 19 days after operation. Other patients recovered and were discharged uneventfully. During the follow-up that ranged from 3 to 57 months (mean 27 months),clincal angina disappeared or improved. Cardiac function was in Class Ⅰ-Ⅱ (NYHA).Conclusion CABG is a safe and effective procedure for Kawasaki coronary artery disease. However long-term results need to be followed up.

  17. Absence of left circumflex with superdominant right coronary artery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quijada-Fumero, Alejandro; Pimienta-González, Raquel; Rodriguez-Esteban, Marcos

    2014-01-01

    Congenital anomalies of coronary arteries are a group of diseases that are infrequently found. Their prevalence has been reported from 0.6% to 1.3%. Most clinical manifestations are benign and asymptomatic. Congenital absence of the left circumflex artery is a very rare congenital anomaly of the coronary circulation, and only a few cases have been reported in the literature. We report a case of a 51-year-old man who underwent a cardiac catheterisation. Coronary angiography showed a left anterior descending coronary artery with no circumflex and a dominant right coronary artery. PMID:25535241

  18. Difference in patient profiles and outcomes in Japanese versus American patients undergoing coronary revascularization (collaborative study by CREDO-Kyoto and the Texas Heart Institute Research Database).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohsaka, Shun; Kimura, Takeshi; Goto, Masashi; Lee, Vei-Vei; Elayda, Macarthur; Furukawa, Yutaka; Fukushima, Masanori; Komeda, Masashi; Sakata, Ryuuzou; Willerson, James T; Wilson, James M; Kita, Toru

    2010-06-15

    Although coronary revascularization is common in both Japan and the United States (US), no direct comparison has been performed to demonstrate differences in the clinical characteristics and long-term outcomes of patients in these 2 countries. We analyzed the preprocedural, in-hospital, and long-term data from the Coronary Revascularization Demonstrating Outcome registry (Kyoto, Japan) and the Texas Heart Institute Research Database (Houston, Texas) of 16,100 patients who had undergone elective, initial percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting. The Japanese procedures were performed from 2000 to 2002 (n = 8,871, follow-up period 3.5 years, interquartile range 2.6 to 4.3) and the US procedures from 1999 to 2003 (n = 7,229, follow-up period 5.2 years, interquartile range 3.8 to 6.5). The Japanese patients tended to be older (mean age 67.2 vs 62.7 years; p <0.001), to smoke (52.9% vs 46.0%; p <0.001), and to have diabetes (39.2% vs 31.0%; p <0.001) and stroke (16.4% vs 5.0%; p <0.001). The US patients were more obese (body mass index 23.7 vs 29.3 kg/m(2); p <0.001), with greater rates of systemic atherosclerotic disease. Both groups had a similar in-hospital mortality rate (Japanese patients 0.9% vs US patients 1.1%; p = 0.19) and crude long-term mortality rate (Japanese patients 27.7/1,000 person-years, US patients 28.2/1,000 person-years; p = 0.35). After adjustment for known predictors, the US group had greater long-term mortality than the Japanese group (hazard ratio 1.71, 95% confidence interval 1.50 to 1.95; p <0.001). This finding was consistent among all high-risk subgroups. In conclusion, the 2 registries showed similar crude outcomes but important differences in patient risk factors such as obesity. In the adjusted analysis, the Japanese patients had better outcomes than did the US patients. Additional study is needed to assess the effect of ethnic and risk factor variations on coronary artery disease.

  19. Transmyocardial revascularization devices: technology update

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kindzelski BA

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Bogdan A Kindzelski, Yifu Zhou, Keith A Horvath Cardiothoracic Surgery Research Program, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA Abstract: Transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMR emerged as treatment modality for patients with diffuse coronary artery disease not amendable to percutaneous or surgical revascularization. The procedure entails the creation of laser channels within ischemic myocardium in an effort to better perfuse these areas. Currently, two laser devices are approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for TMR – holmium:yttrium–aluminum–garnet and CO2. The two devices differ in regard to energy outputs, wavelengths, ability to synchronize with the heart cycle, and laser–tissue interactions. These differences have led to studies showing different efficacies between the two laser devices. Over 50,000 procedures have been performed worldwide using TMR. Improvements in angina stages, quality of life, and perfusion of the myocardium have been demonstrated with TMR. Although several mechanisms for these improvements have been suggested, evidence points to new blood vessel formation, or angiogenesis, within the treated myocardium, as the major contributory factor. TMR has been used as sole therapy and in combination with coronary artery bypass grafting. Clinical studies have demonstrated that TMR is both safe and effective in angina relief long term. The objective of this review is to present the two approved laser devices and evidence for the safety and efficacy of TMR, along with future directions with this technology. Keywords: laser, revascularization, angiogenesis, coronary artery disease

  20. Coronary angiography of pregnancy-associated coronary artery dissection: a high-risk procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, Raphaël Pedro; Leurent, Guillaume; Corbineau, Hervé; Fouquet, Olivier; Seconda, Sébastien; Baruteau, Alban E; Moreau, Olivier; Le Breton, Hervé; Bedossa, Marc

    2010-01-01

    Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome occurring predominantly in young women without any cardiovascular risk factors, especially during the peripartum and early postpartum period. Here, we report a case of a 28-year-old pregnant woman who was found to have an isolated distal SCAD of the left anterior descending artery (LAD). Coronary angiography was complicated by extensive LAD and circumflex arteries dissection, requiring an emergency coronary artery bypass grafting associated with ventricular assist device implantation and underlying the extreme fragility of coronary arteries in pregnant women.

  1. Arterial stiffness as a risk factor for coronary artery disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Josh; Farmer, John

    2014-02-01

    Hypertension is a major modifiable risk factor, and clinical trials have demonstrated that successful reduction of elevated blood pressure to target levels translates into decreased risk for the development of coronary artery disease, stroke, heart failure, and renal failure. The arterial system had previously been regarded as a passive conduit for the transportation of arterial blood to peripheral tissues. The physiologic role the arterial system was greatly expanded by the recognition of the central role of the endothelial function in a variety of physiologic processes. The role of arterial function and structure in cardiovascular physiology was expanded with the development of a variety of parameters that evaluate arterial stiffness. Markers of arterial stiffness have been correlated with cardiovascular outcomes, and have been classified as an emerging risk factor that provides prognostic information beyond standard stratification strategies involving hypertension, diabetes, obesity, dyslipidemia and smoking. Multiple epidemiologic studies have correlated markers of arterial stiffness such as pulse-wave velocity, augmentation index and pulse pressure with risk for the development of fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events. Additionally, measurements of arterial stiffness had clarified the results of clinical trials that demonstrated differing impacts on clinical outcomes, despite similar reductions in blood pressure, as measured by brachial and sphygmomanometry.

  2. Submaximal exercise coronary artery flow increases in postmenopausal women without coronary artery disease after estrogen and atorvastatin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puntawangkoon, Chirapa; Morgan, Tim M; Herrington, David M; Hamilton, Craig A; Hundley, W Gregory

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the effect of statins and hormone therapy on submaximal exercise-induced coronary artery blood flow in postmenopausal women without a history of coronary artery disease. Hormone therapy or statin therapy in early postmenopausal women without coronary artery disease has been shown to enhance arterial endothelial function; we hypothesized that these agents would improve submaximal exercise-induced coronary artery blood flow. Sixty-four postmenopausal women, aged 50 to 65 years without documented coronary artery disease, were randomized in a double-blind, crossover fashion to receive 8 weeks of hormone therapy versus placebo, with or without 80 mg/day of atorvastatin. Before receipt of any therapy and after each treatment period, each woman underwent measures of coronary artery blood flow at rest and stress. The combination of hormone therapy and atorvastatin increased submaximal exercise-induced coronary artery blood flow (P = 0.04). In the subgroups of women compliant with treatment, resting coronary artery blood flow increased in those receiving hormone therapy (P = 0.03) or statin therapy (P = 0.02). In postmenopausal women aged 50 to 65 years without documented coronary artery disease, resting and submaximal exercise-induced coronary artery blood flow improves after receipt of high-dose atorvastatin and conjugated estrogens therapy.

  3. [Management of coronary artery disease in diabetic patients with lower limb critical ischaemia: assessment of operational risk, drug therapy and indications for interventions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dedov, I I; Kalashnikov, V Iu; Terekhin, S A; Melkozerov, K V

    2012-01-01

    Despite obvious progress in management of diabetes mellitus, the DM-related complications rate remains inadmissibly high. Macroangiopathy is known to rank first amongst complications of diabetes mellitus, and coronary artery disease remains to be the major cause of death. Analysed herein are peculiarities of the clinical course in diabetic patients presenting with coronary artery disease and lower limb critical ischaemia, followed by discussing the issues concerning drug therapy, preoperative examination, and methods of diagnosis in this cohort of patients prior to vascular operations, assessment of the preoperative risk, indications for coronarography and myocardial revascularization. Also presented are the results of the main clinical trials dedicated to preoperative myocardial revascularization, including those in diabetic patients with limb critical ischaemia, and finally highlighting current importance of optimizing approaches to managing and working out algorithms of treatment policy for diabetic patients with a combination of coronary artery disease, diabetes mellitus, and critical limb ischaemia.

  4. [Myocardial infarction with normal coronary arteries].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Espinosa, R; Badui, E; Narvaez, M G; Hurtado, R

    1986-01-01

    We retrospectively studied 36 cases of myocardial Infarction (MI) with normal coronary arteries, which had been obtained from a total of 538 patients with MI admitted to our Hospital in the last 3 years. All patients had coronary angiogram and left ventriculogram. The following data was reviewed: age, sex, coronary risk factors, clinical picture, short and long term follow up. The angiography findings were correlated. The average age of the patients was 42 years, 75% were male and 25% female. The 36 cases represent 7% of the total MI. Cigarette smoking was the only important risk factor. MI was the first manifestation of ischemic heart disease in 94% of the cases. The ejection fraction was normal in 94%; 27.6% presented some complication during the acute event. In the long term follow; up to 88% of the patients are asymptomatic. The physiopathologic mechanisms are analyzed.

  5. Revascularization options in patients with chronic kidney disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashrith, Guha; Elayda, MacArthur A; Wilson, James M

    2010-01-01

    Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in patients who have chronic kidney disease or end-stage renal disease and are undergoing hemodialysis. Chronic kidney disease is a recognized risk factor for premature atherosclerosis. Unfortunately, most major randomized clinical trials that form the basis for evidence-based use of revascularization procedures exclude patients who have renal insufficiency. Retrospective, observational studies suggest that patients with end-stage renal disease and severe coronary occlusive disease have a lower risk of death if they undergo coronary revascularization rather than medical therapy alone. Due to a lack of prospective studies, however, the relative merits of percutaneous versus surgical revascularization are merely a matter of opinion. Several small, retrospective studies have shown that coronary artery bypass grafting is associated with higher procedural death but better long-term survival than is percutaneous coronary intervention. This difference appears to result from poor long-term results of percutaneous coronary intervention in patients who have chronic kidney disease or end-stage renal disease.Because randomized trials comparing percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass grafting have included patients undergoing balloon angioplasty and placement of bare-metal stents, their conclusions are suspect in the era of drug-eluting stents. In this review, we discuss different revascularization options for patients with chronic kidney disease, the outcomes of revascularization procedures, and the risk factors for adverse outcomes.

  6. Audiometric changes after coronary artery bypass graft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khorsandi M T

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Hearing is one of the most significant senses; There fore, any defect can be frightening. The incidence of sever hearing loss following coronary artery bypass surgery has been estimated as one per thousand. This Prospective study carried out to determine hearing effects of coronary artery bypass surgery."nMethods: age, audiometric changes before and after surgery (hearing levels at multiple frequencies, speech reception threshold and speech discrimination score, minimum blood pressure during the operation, and the time on bypass, measured on One hundred consecutive patients who candidate for coronary artery bypass surgery and the results analysed."nResults: One hundred patients completed the tests. Based on hearing changes found on pre- and post-operative tests, the patients were divided into 3 groups: Those with no change (47 patients according to their audiometric results; those with slight changes ≤10 db (43 patients; and those having average deficits of more than 10 db (10 patients. All the patients were male. None of the patients had complete or severe sensorineural hearing loss. The third group had more prolonged pumping duration when compared with the others groups (p=0.002. Furthermore, 90 percent of patients with a sensorineural hearing loss more than 10 db had diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia as risk factors."nConclusion: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss is a sequela in patients who undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery; however, it was usually mild and asymptomatic. Pumping time during the operation is a significant factor in occurring of this complication. With proper treatment of underlying diseases and eliminating the risk factors with improvement of our cardiopulmonary pumps we probably can get better hearing results.

  7. Psychosocial Complications of Coronary Artery Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Karimi-Moonaghi, Hossein; Mojalli, Mohammad; Khosravan, Shahla

    2014-01-01

    Background: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of death around the world. The coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the most common diseases in this category, which can be the trigger to various psychosocial complications. We believe that inadequate attention has been paid to this issue. Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to explore the psychosocial complications of CAD from the Iranian patients’ perspective. Patients and Methods: A qualitative design based on the ...

  8. Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass plus coronary stent for acute coronary syndrome: a case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Caiyi Lu; Gang Wang; Qi Zhou; Jinwen Tian; Lei Gao; Shenhua Zhou; Jinyue Zhai; Rui Chen; Zhongren Zhao; Cangqing Gao; Shiwen Wang; Yuxiao Zhang; Ming Yang; Qiao Xue; Cangsong Xiao; Wei Gao; Yang Wu

    2008-01-01

    A 69-year old female patient was admitted because of 3 days of worsened chest pain.Coronary angiography showed60% stenosis of distal left main stem,chronic total occlusion of left anterior descending (LAD),70% stenosis at the ostium of a smallleft circumflex,70-90%stenosis at the paroxysmal and middle part of a dominant fight coronary artery (RCA),and a normal left internalmammary artery (LIMA) with normal origination and orientation.Percutaneous intervention was attempted but failed on the occludedlesion of LAD.The patient received minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) with left LIMA isolation by Davincirobot.Eleven days later,the RCA lesion was treated by Sirolimus Rapamicin eluting stents implantation percutaneously.Then thepatient was discharged uneventfully after 3 days hospitalization.Our experience suggests that two stop shops of hybrid technique befeasible and safe in the treatment of elderly patient with multiple coronary diseases.

  9. Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: The Past, Present, and Future of Myocardial Revascularisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Diodato

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The development of the heart-lung machine ushered in the era of modern cardiac surgery. Coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG remains the most common operation performed by cardiac surgeons today. From its infancy in the 1950s till today, CABG has undergone many developments both technically and clinically. Improvements in intraoperative technique and perioperative care have led to CABG being offered to a more broad patient profile with less complications and adverse events. Our review outlines the rich history and promising future of myocardial revascularization.

  10. Safety and Efficacy of a Novel Technique in the Use of Fractional Flow Reserve in Complex Coronary Artery Lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen-Ming He

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Fractional flow reserve (FFR has become an increasingly important index when making decisions with respect to revascularization of coronary artery stenosis. However, the pressure guidewire used in obtaining FFR measurements is difficult to control and manipulate in certain complex coronary artery lesions, resulting in increased fluoroscopy time and contrast dye usage. This study examined a novel (NOV technique for obtaining FFR measurements in hope of easing the difficulties associated with evaluating and treating complex coronary artery lesions. Methods: Fifty-six patients with complex coronary artery lesions were assigned to a conventional (CON FFR technique group or a NOV FFR technique group. The NOV technique involved the use of a balloon and wire exchange within the coronary artery. The fluoroscopy time, contrast dye usage, and FFR-related complications were assessed after completing the FFR measurement procedure for each patient. Results: The median time required for fluoroscopy in the NOV technique group was significantly less than that in the CON technique group; additionally, lesser amounts of contrast dye were used in the NOV technique group (both P 0.05. Conclusions: Compared to the CON technique used for measuring FFR, the new technique reduced the fluoroscopy time and amount of contrast dye used when evaluating complex coronary artery lesions. The new technique did not increase the risk of operation or decrease the success rate.

  11. Echocardiographic evaluation of coronary arteries in congenital heart disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freire, Grace; Miller, Michelle S

    2015-12-01

    Among populations of patients with the congenital heart disease, there is considerable diversity in the anatomy of the coronary arteries. Understanding these anatomical differences is vitally important in directing interventions and surgical repair. In this report, the authors describe the echocardiographic evaluation of the variants of coronary artery anatomy in the following lesions: transposition of the great arteries, congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries, double-inlet left ventricle, common arterial trunk, tetralogy of Fallot, and double-outlet right ventricle.

  12. Emergency coronary artery bypass surgery after failed percutaneous coronary intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darwazah, A K; Islim, I; Hanbali, B; Shama, R A; Aloul, J

    2009-12-01

    The incidence of patients subjected to emergency coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is decreasing due to improvement of PCI technique and device technology. The aim of our study is to evaluate cases subjected to emergency CABG after complicated PCI to determine incidence, indications and results of surgery and to compare them with other emergency cases which are not related to angioplasty or stenting. From April 1999 to December 2005, 1 200 patients who underwent PCI were analysed. Those patients who developed complications related to PCI and required surgical intervention were included (PCI group N.=31). These patients were compared with other emergency cases not related to PCI (non-PCI group N.=48). The selection of these patients was based on the criteria of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons. The incidence of PCI complications which necessitated emergency surgical intervention was 2.6%. The main indication was due to unsatisfactory angioplasty with ongoing myocardial ischemia (68%), stent thrombosis (13%), dissection (10%) retained angioplasty wire (6.5%), and perforation (3%). The incidence of cardiogenic shock, ongoing ischemia, acute infarction Emergency coronary artery bypass grafting among patients with PCI complications and those patients not related to PCI is associated with high mortality and morbidity. Although, the percentage of mortality and morbidity was more among PCI patients the difference between both groups was not significant. Surgical backup and collaboration between cardiologist and surgeons is needed to reduce delay in management and patients transfer to obtain the best surgical outcome.

  13. Coronary risk factors in patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safaei, Nasser; Alikhah, Hossein; Abadan, Younes

    2011-01-01

    Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) risk increases with increasing number of risk factors. This study was aimed to assess different coronary risk factors among Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) surgery patients. A total of 700 patients younger than 45 or older than 65 years and underwent CABG in Tabriz Shahid Madani Heart Center since 2003 to 2007 were enrolled. We examined the probable differences of CAD risk factors between male and female groups and age groups. We also assessed the change of risk factors presentation in last 5 years. There was not significant difference between risk factor numbers in 65 years groups, but smoking and dyslipidemia was more prevalent in patients 65 years old. Hypertension and diabetes mellitus was more prevalent in patients > 65 old than < 45 years old; also differences were found between males and females patients, so that dyslipidemia, diabetes and hypertension were more prevalent in women than men. Some risk factors were recognized as acting more on one gender than the other. Also, the majority of patients have one or more risk factors, but different age and gender groups may have different risk factors that suggest the need for exact programming for appropriate prophylactic and therapeutic interventions in all groups.

  14. Diabetic retinopathy: A predictor of coronary artery disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fawzia El Demerdash

    2012-06-01

    Conclusion: Diabetic retinopathy is a good predictor of coronary artery disease that exceeds the conventional risk factors. Diabetics with retinopathy would benefit from early coronary angiography and diabetic retinocoronary clinics are warranted.

  15. Coronary artery aneurysms: case report and treatment overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiusaroli, A; Segreto, A; De Salvatore, S; Congiu, S; Zicho, D; Bizzarri, F

    2015-01-01

    Coronary artery aneurysms (CAAs) are localized dilatations exceeding the diameter of adjacent normal coronary segments. These conditions, even rare, still represent an important risk factor for the patient life.

  16. Depression in Coronary Artery Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasser Safaie

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Depression is one of the Common psychological disorders. From the cognitive point of view, the unhealthy attitudes increase the severity of the depression. The aim of this study was to investigate depression and unhealthy attitudes in coronary patients hospitalized at Tabriz Shahid Madani Heart Center. Methods: One hundred twenty eight hospitalized patients having myocardial Infarctions were studied regarding unhealthy attitudes, severity of depression and demographic data. Results: The study showed a significant relation between unhealthy attitudes, BDI (Beck Depression Inventory and severe depression. Moreover, a significant relation existed between gender and depression (P=0.0001. In addition, the level of education increased the intensity of unhealthy attitudes (P=0.0001. Several researches in both outside and inside Iran support the idea. Conclusion: Based on present study and more other investigations, it can be suggested to provide the necessary elements and parameters such as antidepressant medication, psychologists, complementary treatment for coping with negative mood and its unwanted consequences.

  17. CT perfusion assessment of Moyamoya syndrome before and after direct revascularization (superficial temporal artery to middle cerebral artery bypass)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Yueqin [Hospital of Qingdao University, Department of Radiology, Qingdao (China); Hospital of Jining Medical College, CT Department, Jining (China); Xu, Wenjian [Hospital of Qingdao University, Department of Radiology, Qingdao (China); Guo, Xiang; Shi, Zhitao; Sun, Zhanguo; Wang, Jiehuan [Hospital of Jining Medical College, CT Department, Jining (China); Gao, Lingyun [Hospital of Jining Medical College, MR Department, Jining (China); Jin, Feng [Hospital of Jining Medical College, Department of Neurosurgery, Jining (China); Chen, Weijian; Yang, Yunjun [Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Department of Radiology, Wenzhou (China)

    2016-01-15

    To evaluate the utility of CT perfusion (CTP) for the assessment of superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) anastomosis in patients with Moyamoya syndrome (MMS). Twenty-four consecutive MMS patients, who underwent unilateral STA-MCA bypass surgery, received CTP before and after surgery. The relative perfusion parameter values of surgical hemispheres before treatment were compared with post-treatment values. All patients underwent CT angiography (CTA) before and after surgery in order to confirm the patency of bypass. The follow-up CTA after surgery clearly demonstrated 20 (20/24, 83.3 %) bypass arteries, whereas four (16.7 %) bypass arteries were occluded or very small. Postoperative rMTT and rTTP values (P < 0.05) of the surgical side were significantly lower than pre-operation. In patients (n = 20) with bypass patency, postoperative rCBF, rMTT and rTTP values (P < 0.05) of the surgical side were significantly improved. However, the differences of all parameters were not significant (P > 0.05) in the patients (n = 4) without bypass patency after revascularization. This study demonstrates that CTP can provide a crucial quantitative assessment of cerebral haemodynamic changes in MMS before and after STA-MCA anastomosis. (orig.)

  18. Aggressive lipid-lowering therapy compared with angioplasty in stable coronary artery disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pitt, B; Waters, D; Brown, WV; van Boven, AJ; Schwartz, L; Title, LM; Eisenberg, D; Shurzinske, L; McCormick, LS

    1999-01-01

    Background Percutaneous coronary revascularization is widely used in improving symptoms and exercise performance in patients with ischemic heart disease and stable angina pectoris. In this study, we compared percutaneous coronary revascularization with lipid-lowerin Methods We studied 341 patients w

  19. Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the pulmonary artery: an autopsied sudden death case with severe atherosclerotic disease of the left coronary artery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagai, T; Mukai, T; Takahashi, S; Takada, A; Saito, K; Harada, K; Mori, S; Abe, N

    2014-03-01

    Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ARCAPA) is a rare anomaly. It may contribute to myocardial ischemia or sudden death, although the lesion is usually asymptomatic. We report a sudden death case of a 58-year-old man with ARCAPA coexisting with severe atherosclerotic coronary artery disease. He had been healthy until he complained of chest pain, several days before death, despite the discovery of heart murmur in childhood and suspicion of valvular heart disease. The autopsy revealed not only typical findings of the right coronary anomaly with well-developed collateral circulations but also severe atherosclerotic lesions of the left coronary artery, and ischemic change of the myocardium in the left and right coronary arterial perfusion territory. In addition to the "coronary steal" phenomenon primarily caused by ARCAPA, the reduced flow of both coronary arteries and further increase of "coronary steal" due to atherosclerotic obstructive coronary disease might have contributed to the patient's death.

  20. A Case Report on Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tunaggina Afrin Khan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is an extremely rare cause of acute coronary syndrome. Although it predominantly affects young women in the peripartum period, it can also occur in men. The left coronary artery is most frequently involved. The usual presentation is ST segment elevation myocardial infarction. Although several treatment modalities have been proposed, the optimal treatment options still remain to be established. This current case report focuses on a 40- year-old male presented with acute coronary syndrome and subsequently was found to have coronary artery dissection.

  1. Myocardial revascularization in patient with situs inversus totalis: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soncini da Rosa George Ronald

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available This is a report of an unusual case of a patient, with dextrocardia and a "situs inversus totalis". She presented angina pectoris during an ECG stress test. The coronary arteriography revealed severe obstruction in the main left coronary artery. The patient underwent coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. We did not find a similar case in the national medical literature. The myocardial revascularization performed utilizing the right mammary artery for anterior descending artery and saphenous vein grafts for first diagonal branch and first marginal branch.

  2. New stent design for use in small coronary arteries during percutaneous coronary intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan F Granada

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Juan F Granada1, Barbara A Huibregtse2, Keith D Dawkins21The Jack H Skirball Center for Cardiovascular Research, Cardiovascular Research Foundation, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA; 2Boston Scientific Corporation, Natick, MA, USAAbstract: Patients with diabetes mellitus, of female gender, increased age, and/or with peripheral vascular disease often develop coronary stenoses in small caliber vessels. This review describes treatment of these lesions with the paclitaxel-eluting 2.25 mm TAXUS® Liberté® Atom™ stent. Given the same stent composition, polymer, antirestenotic drug (paclitaxel, and release kinetics as the first-generation 2.25 mm TAXUS® Express® Atom™ stent, the second-generation TAXUS Liberté Atom stent incorporates improved stent design characteristics, including thinner struts (0.0038 versus 0.0052 inches, intended to increase conformability and deliverability. In a porcine noninjured coronary artery model, TAXUS Liberté Atom stent implantation in small vessels demonstrated complete strut tissue coverage compared with the bare metal stent control, suggesting a similar degree of tissue healing between the groups at 30, 90, and 180 days. The prospective, single-armed TAXUS ATLAS Small Vessel trial demonstrated improved instent late loss (0.28 ± 0.45 versus 0.84 ± 0.57 mm, P < 0.001, instent binary restenosis (13.0% versus 38.1%, P < 0.001, and target lesion revascularization (5.8% versus 17.6%, P < 0.001 at nine months with the TAXUS Liberté Atom stent as compared with the bare metal Express stent control, with similar safety measures between the two groups. The TAXUS Liberté Atom also significantly reduced nine-month angiographic rates of both instent late loss (0.28 ± 0.45 versus 0.44 ± 0.61 mm, P = 0.03 and instent binary restenosis (13.0% versus 25.9%, P = 0.02 when compared with the 2.25 mm TAXUS Express Atom control. The observed reduction in target lesion revascularization with the TAXUS

  3. Surgical procedure for coronary artery ectasia associated with saccular fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murakami, Masanori; Gohra, Hidenori; Yagi, Takeshi; Jinbou, Mitsutaka; Kobayashi, Toshiro; Saito, Satoshi; Takahashi, Tsuyoshi; Shiomi, Kotaro; Ono, Siro; Hamano, Kimikazu

    2014-09-01

    Echocardiography of a 60 year-old woman with a three-year history of heart murmur revealed a coronary artery fistula. Coronary angiography indicated right coronary artery ectasia and fistula. The pulmonary-to-systemic blood flow ratio was 1.4, and left-to-right shunt, 29%. On follow-up, infective endocarditis of the tricuspid valve had developed and was treated using antibiotics. The right coronary artery was dilated along its length and was saccular at the distal aspect. At this point, a fistula also connected by the left anterior descending and left circumflex arteries drained into the right ventricle. Fistula closure and reduction aneurysmectomy were performed.

  4. Symptomatic Type IV Dual Left Anterior Descending Coronary Artery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyriacos Papadopoulos MD

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Dual left anterior descending coronary artery is a rare congenital anomaly with 4 subtypes. Double left anterior descending coronary artery originating from the left main stem and the right coronary artery (type IV dual left anterior descending artery has been reported to occur in 0.01% to 0.7% of patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. We report a case of a 49-year-old woman who was found to have this anomaly during coronary angiography. The patient had been complaining of chest pain that mimics angina pectoris and exercise tolerance test was positive for myocardial ischemia.

  5. Survival Benefits of Invasive Versus Conservative Strategies in Heart Failure in Patients With Reduced Ejection Fraction and Coronary Artery Disease: A Meta-Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolff, Georg; Dimitroulis, Dimitrios; Andreotti, Felicita; Kołodziejczak, Michalina; Jung, Christian; Scicchitano, Pietro; Devito, Fiorella; Zito, Annapaola; Occhipinti, Michele; Castiglioni, Battistina; Calveri, Giuseppe; Maisano, Francesco; Ciccone, Marco M; De Servi, Stefano; Navarese, Eliano P

    2017-01-01

    Heart failure with reduced ejection fraction caused by ischemic heart disease is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. It remains unclear whether revascularization by either coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) carries benefits or risks in this group of stable patients compared with medical treatment. We performed a meta-analysis of available studies comparing different methods of revascularization (PCI or CABG) against each other or medical treatment in patients with coronary artery disease and left ventricular ejection fraction ≤40%. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality; myocardial infarction, revascularization, and stroke were also analyzed. Twenty-one studies involving a total of 16 191 patients were included. Compared with medical treatment, there was a significant mortality reduction with CABG (hazard ratio, 0.66; 95% confidence interval, 0.61-0.72; P<0.001) and PCI (hazard ratio, 0.73; 95% confidence interval, 0.62-0.85; P<0.001). When compared with PCI, CABG still showed a survival benefit (hazard ratio, 0.82; 95% confidence interval, 0.75-0.90; P<0.001). The present meta-analysis indicates that revascularization strategies are superior to medical treatment in improving survival in patients with ischemic heart disease and reduced ejection fraction. Between the 2 revascularization strategies, CABG seems more favorable compared with PCI in this particular clinical setting. © 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.

  6. A Case of Double Right Coronary Artery with Separate Ostium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jalal Kheirkhah

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Coronary artery anomalies are rare, with their incidence varying from 1 to 5%. Angiography is a commonly used modality for the assessment of coronary artery anomalies. Based on previous reports, a majority of coronary artery anomalies are of origin or distribution, with separate ostia of the left anterior descending artery and left circumflex artery. Coronary artery anomalies may cause myocardial ischemia secondary to atherosclerosis in the same artery. We present a rare case of duplicated right coronary artery with a separate ostium, which caused myocardial ischemia. Our patient was a 51-year-old diabetic woman with typical chest pain and dyspnea on exertion. Electrocardiography showed left axis deviation, poor R progression, and biphasic T wave in the precordial leads. Echocardiography revealed left ventricular ejection fraction of 30-35% and global hypokinesia. Coronary angiography demonstrated three-vessel disease and a double ostial right coronary artery. We recommended coronary artery bypass graft surgery, but the patient refused it and we continued her treatment with anti-ischemic drugs.

  7. Rapid functional upregulation of vasocontractile endothelin ETB receptors in rat coronary arteries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skovsted, Gry Freja; Pedersen, Anne Fog; Larsen, Rikke;

    2012-01-01

    Endothelin ET(B) receptors mediate under normal physiological conditions vasorelaxation in coronary arteries. However, vasocontractile ET(B) receptors appear in coronary arteries of ischemic heart disease patients. Interestingly, organ culture of isolated coronary arteries also induces upregulati...

  8. Coronary artery thrombus resulting in sudden cardiac death in an infant with Kawasaki disease and giant coronary artery aneurysms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umakumaran Ponniah

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of a six-month-old Hispanic male infant who had Kawasaki disease and coronary artery aneurysms on echocardiography. He died suddenly five months later in spite of aggressive medical therapy. Autopsy showed extensive coronary artery thrombosis. Giant coronary artery aneurysms need diligent follow up as they pose significant risks including risk of thrombus, myocardial infarction and sudden death.

  9. Presence of anomalous coronary seen on angiogram is not associated with increased risk of significant coronary artery disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suryanarayana, Prakash; Kollampare, Shubha; Riaz, Irbaz Bin; Lee, Justin; Husnain, Muhammad; Luni, Faraz Khan; Movahed, Mohammad Reza

    2014-12-01

    It is unclear if anomalous coronary arteries are at higher risk for atherosclerosis. The link between anomalous coronary artery and early coronary artery disease has been suggested. The aim of this study is to determine whether the coronary artery anomaly predisposes to development of significant coronary disease. Using retrospective chart review, patients with documented anomalous coronary arteries recognized during coronary angiography between years 2000 to 2007 were analyzed. Prevalence of significant atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (defined as more than 50% luminal narrowing) was compared between normal and anomalous coronaries. A total of 147 patients with anomalous coronary arteries were found. Right coronary artery was the most common anomalous artery 128 of 148 (86.5%) in our dataset. There was no difference in the occurrence of atherosclerosis between anomalous and nonanomalous coronaries. Significant atherosclerosis was present in 59 of the 148 anomalous coronary arteries (37.8%), and 112 of the 293 nonanomalous coronary arteries (38.2%, p = 0.9). On the basis of our study, there is no evidence that anomalous coronary arteries predispose to significant coronary artery disease in comparison to normal coronary arteries.

  10. Syncope with spontaneous coronary artery dissection in an elderly woman

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Yu-feng; CHANG Mu-hsin; CHANG Ting-chuan; LAI Chao-hung; JONG Gwo-ping

    2011-01-01

    Diagnosis of spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is challenging because of its rarity and uncertain etiology.It frequently occurs in young women during pregnancy and in the postpartum period,and rarely found in elder women with no history of cardiovascular disease or coronary risk factors.In this article we report a case of SCAD in a 75-year-old woman without traditional cardiovascular risk factors who presented with syncope and mild chest discomfort.There were no abnormal electrocardiographic changes and no elevated cardiac enzymes were detected.Computed tomography of brain revealed nothing abnormal.Coronary artery disease was suspected.Coronary angiogram revealed dissection in the middle left circumflex artery.The patient underwent percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty and was free of symptoms at 6-month follow-up.Our report suggests that emergency coronary angiography is indicated if syncope caused by coronary artery disease is suspected.

  11. [Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting using donut and SPY].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takahashi, M; Ishikawa, T; Higashidani, K; Katoh, H

    2003-07-01

    Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) has been rapidly increased, because of its less invasiveness with low complications. However, graft patency rate highly depends on operators' capability due to technical difficulties. In this article, detail operative procedures are introduced to perform OPCAB in 100% for isolated coronary patients. Selecting better stabilizer may be a key of success. Donut Heart Stabilizer can make a still and stable operative field to anastomose less than 1 mm coronary artery. It is very useful to achieve complete revascularization for all stenosed coronary branches. OPCAB with 9 arterial grafts could be done using Donut. SPY Intra-operative Imaging System is also important to get 100% patency rate of the grafts. Using SPY, we can avoid graft trouble during operation in operation room (OR). SPY image is the best key information for operators to decide revision of the failed grafting. Donut 2 Heart Stabilizer has been improved to make more wide and stable operative field. Donut and SPY is the best combination for OPCAB.

  12. Nuclear cardiology and coronary surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eckardt, R.; Andersen, L.I.; Hesse, B.

    2008-01-01

    Rising age, repeated percutaneous coronary revascularizations, and co-morbidity such as overweight, diabetes, and hypertension, characterize a change over the last 20-30 years in coronary patients referred to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This patient group represents a great part of to...

  13. Comparison of drug eluting stent implantation with coronary artery bypass surgery in the treatment of patients with chronic total occlusion and multiple vessel disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Wei; ZHU Xiao-Ling; MA Chang-sheng; KANG Jun-ping; DU Xin; CHEN Fang; ZHOU Yu-jie; L(U) Shu-zheng; HUANG Fang-jiong; GU Cheng-xiong

    2011-01-01

    Background In patients with chronic total occlusion (CTO) and multivessel coronary artery disease, the comparison of surgical and the percutaneous revascularization strategies has rarely been conducted. The aim of this study was to compare long term clinical outcomes of drug eluting stent (DES) implantation with coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG)in the patients with CTO and multivessel disease.Methods From a prospective registry of 6000 patients in our institution, we included patients with CTO and multivessel coronary artery disease who underwent either CABG (n=679) or DES (n=267) treatment. Their propensity risk score was used for adjusting baseline differences.Results At a median follow-up of three years, propensity score adjusted Cox regression analysis showed that the rate of major adverse cardiac cerebrovascular events (MACCE) was lower in CABG group (12.7% vs. 24.3%, hazard ratio (HR) 1.969, 95% Cl 1.219-3.179, P=0.006) mainly due to lower rate of target vessel revascularization in CABG group than in DES group (3.1% vs. 17.2%, HR 16.14, 95% CI 5.739-45.391, P <0.001). The incidence of cardiac death or myocardial infarction (composite end point) was not significantly different between these two groups. On multivariate analysis, the significant predictors of MACCE were only the type of revascularization. Age, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and complete revascularization were identified as significant predictors of composite end points.Conclusions Our study shows that in patients with CTO and multivessel coronary disease, DES can offer comparable long term outcomes in cardiac death and myocardial infraction free survival in comparison with CABG. However, there is an increased rate of MACCE which results from more repeat revascularizations. Obtaining a complete revascularization is crucial for decreasing adverse cardiac events.

  14. Can Coronary Artery Involvement in Kawasaki Disease be Predicted?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghelani, Sunil J; Kwatra, Neha S; Spurney, Christopher F

    2013-03-26

    Coronary artery involvement is seen in approximately 15-20% of children with Kawasaki disease. There is conflicting literature regarding the clinical and laboratory findings associated with coronary artery involvement. In this retrospective study, we attempt identification of predictive factors for coronary artery involvement at our institute and review the existing literature. A review of 203 patients (65% males) with Kawasaki disease was performed, of whom 33 (16.3%) had coronary artery involvement. High erythrocyte sedimentation rate, high platelet count, low hematocrit, low albumin levels, and refractory Kawasaki disease showed significant association with coronary artery involvement. High erythrocyte sedimentation rate and refractory Kawasaki disease were found to be independent predictors of coronary artery involvement. Review of literature suggested a wide range of coronary involvement (60%), and highly conflicting clinical and laboratory associations. It remains difficult to accurately determine risk of coronary artery involvement, although some laboratory markers may provide information that is helpful for parental counseling and clinical follow up. Future identification of novel biomarkers and host predispositions may further our understanding of coronary artery risks and help personalize therapy for Kawasaki disease.

  15. Pulmonary artery agenesis associated with coronary collaterals among adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darwazah, Ahmad K; Alhaddad, Imad A

    2016-07-16

    Unilateral agenesis of the pulmonary artery is a rare congenital anomaly, which commonly involves the right side. Cases are associated with systemic collaterals, that may also rarely arise from the coronary arteries.Two adult patients are presented with a right pulmonary artery agenesis associated with collaterals from the right coronary artery. The implications of such an anomaly on pulmonary artery pressure and lung pathology differs among both cases. The association of coronary collaterals is rare and its implication is variable among various patients.

  16. Single coronary artery; extremely rare coronary anomaly successfully treated surgically in young adult male.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Shah, A R

    2010-05-01

    Single coronary artery arising from aortic root, is a rare congenital anomaly. A 30-year-old male presented with acute myocardial infarction (MI) complaining of chest pain and raised troponin levels. Emergency angiography showed no coronary lesions but both left and right coronary arteries arising from single ostium. Patient was operated electively and perioperative findings confirmed the diagnosis of single coronary artery, as left coronary artery after taking origin from right sinus of valsalva runs through the septum, before dividing into left anterior descending and circumflex branches. The single coronary ostium opened with a slit like incision over the course of left main coronary, making the size of ostium three to four times bigger than the native one. In addition left internal mammary artery was harvested and grafted to the left anterior descending branch distally. Patient made successful recovery. Four months follow up dobutamine stress echo showed no inducible ischemia.

  17. Coronary artery bypass surgery or coronary stenting in diabetic patients: too soon to make a statement?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodriguez, Alfredo E., E-mail: arodriguez@centroceci.com.ar

    2014-11-15

    Diabetic patients have been associated with poor procedural and long term outcome if they were treated either with percutaneous coronary interventions or coronary artery bypass surgery. Recently several randomized clinical trials (RCT) in this subset of patients have been published showing a greater incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events, death/myocardial infarction/stroke, if they were treated with first generation drug eluting stents (DES) which was not observed previously in the bare metal stent era. However, almost simultaneously with this data, several RCT demonstrated better safety profile with new generation DES including biocompatible polymers, biodegradable polymers and lately complete absorbable DES, all of them showed reduction in adverse cardiac events compared to 1st generation DES in patients with diabetes. In this editorial we review the old and new randomized data in diabetic patients and conclude that there are many unresolved issues to make a definitive statement regarding which is the best revascularization preference in diabetic patients and the measured final efficacy of PCI and CABG will not be reached until the arrival of RCT using next generation DES, including complete absorbable scaffolds. - Highlights: • Diabetic patients have been associated with poor procedural and long term outcome if they were treated either with percutaneous coronary interventions or coronary artery bypass surgery. Recently several randomized clinical trials (RCT) in this subset of patients have been published showing a greater incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events, death/myocardial infarction/stroke, if they were treated with first generation drug eluting stents (DES) which was not observed previously in the bare metal stent era. • In recent years, several RCT demonstrated better safety profile with new generation DES including biocompatible polymers, biodegradable polymers and lately complete absorbable DES, all of them showed reduction in

  18. Coronary artery disease: Which degree of coronary artery stenosis is indicative of ischemia?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Donati, Olivio F. [Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital Zurich (Switzerland); Stolzmann, Paul [Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital Zurich (Switzerland); Cardiac MR PET CT Program, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston (United States); Desbiolles, Lotus; Leschka, Sebastian [Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital Zurich (Switzerland); Kozerke, Sebastian [Institute for Biomedical Engineering, University and ETH Zurich (Switzerland); Plass, Andre [Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Zurich (Switzerland); Wyss, Christophe [Cardiovascular Center, Cardiology, University Hospital Zurich (Switzerland); Falk, Volkmar [Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Zurich (Switzerland); Marincek, Borut [Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital Zurich (Switzerland); Alkadhi, Hatem [Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital Zurich (Switzerland); Cardiac MR PET CT Program, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston (United States); Scheffel, Hans, E-mail: hans.scheffel@usz.ch [Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital Zurich (Switzerland); Cardiac MR PET CT Program, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston (United States)

    2011-10-15

    Purpose: To prospectively determine the best cut-off value of stenosis degree for low-dose computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) to predict the hemodynamic significance of coronary artery stenoses compared to catheter angiography (CA) using a cardiac magnetic resonance based approach as standard of reference. Materials and methods: Fifty-two patients (mean age, 64 {+-} 10 years) scheduled for CA underwent cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) at 1.5-T and dual-source CTCA using prospective ECG-triggering the same day. Diagnostic performance of CTCA and CA to detect myocardial ischemia was evaluated with CMR as the standard of reference. The diagnostic performance and best cut-off values to predict the hemodynamic significance of coronary were determined from receiver operating characteristics analysis (ROC). Results: CA revealed >50% stenoses in 131/832 segments (15.7%) in 78/156 (50.0%) coronary arteries in 32/52 (62%) patients. CTCA revealed >50% stenoses in 148/807 (18.3%) segments, corresponding to 83/156 (53.2%) coronary arteries in 34/52 (65.4%) patients. CMR revealed ischemia in 118/832 (14.2%) myocardial segments corresponding to the territories of 60/156 (38.5%) coronary arteries in 29/52 (56%) patients. ROC analysis showed equal diagnostic performance for low-dose CTCA and CA with areas under the curve (AUC) of 0.82 and 0.83 (P = 0.64). The optimal cut-off value was determined at stenosis of >60% for the prediction of hemodynamically significant coronary stenosis by CTCA. Using this cut-off value, sensitivity, specificity, NPV and PPV to predict hemodynamic significance by CTCA were 100%, 83%, 100%, and 88% on a per-patient basis and 88%, 73%, 83% and 81% on a per-artery analysis, respectively. Conclusion: By considering coronary stenosis >60%, diagnostic performance for predicting the hemodynamic significance of coronary stenosis by CTCA is optimal and equals that of CA.

  19. Echocardiographic diagnosis of anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drinkovic, Niksa; Margetic, Eduard; Smalcelj, Anton; Brida, Vojtjeh

    2008-03-01

    We found increased systolic coronary flow in transthoracic pulsed wave (PW) Doppler in a 42-year-old patient with anomalous origin of left main coronary artery from the pulmonary artery. This is a characteristic echocardiographic finding in this anomaly in the presence of collateral circulation and coronary L-R shunt. In comparison with so far used echocardiographic criteria this parameter when present allows quick recognition of anomalous origin of left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery, and its differentiation from other potentially lethal coronary anomalies.

  20. Value of coronary artery calcium score to predict severity or complexity of coronary artery disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gökdeniz, Tayyar; Kalaycıoğlu, Ezgi; Aykan, Ahmet Çağrı; Boyacı, Faruk; Turan, Turhan; Gül, İlker; Çavuşoğlu, Gökhan; Dursun, İhsan

    2014-01-01

    Background Prediction of severity or complexity of coronary artery disease (CAD) is valuable owing to increased risk for cardiovascular events. Although the association between total coronary artery calcium (CAC) score and severity of CAD, Gensini score was not used, it has been previously demonstrated. There is no information about the association between total CAC score and complexity of CAD. Objectives To investigate the association between severity or complexity of coronary artery disease (CAD) assessed by Gensini score and SYNTAX score (SS), respectively, and coronary artery calcium (CAC) score, which is a noninvasive method for CAD evaluation in symptomatic patients with accompanying significant CAD. Methods Two-hundred-fourteen patients were enrolled. Total CAC score was obtained before angiography. Severity and complexity of CAD was assessed by Gensini score and SS, respectively. Associations between clinical and angiographic parameters and total CAC score were analyzed. Results Median total CAC score was 192 (23.0-729.8), and this was positively correlated with both Gensini score (r: 0.299, p 809 for SS >32 (high SS tertile). Conclusion In symptomatic patients with accompanying significant CAD, total CAC score was independently associated with SS and patients with SS >32 may be detected through high Agatston score. PMID:24676367

  1. DECT evaluation of noncalcified coronary artery plaque

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ravanfar Haghighi, Rezvan [Medical Imaging Research Center and Colorectal Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Science, Shiraz 719 363 5899 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Chatterjee, S. [BGVS Chemical Engineering Building (Old), Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India); Tabin, Milo; Singh, Rishi P.; Sharma, Munish; Krishna, Karthik [Department of Forensic Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029 (India); Sharma, Sanjiv; Jagia, Priya [Department of Cardiac-Radiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029 (India); Ray, Ruma; Arava, Sudhir [Department of Pathology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029 (India); Yadav, Rakesh [Department of Cardiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029 (India); Vani, V. C. [Department of Instrumentation and Applied Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India); Lakshmi, R.; Kumar, Pratik, E-mail: drpratikkumar@gmail.com [Department of Cardiac-Biochemistry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029 (India); Mandal, Susama R. [Department of Medical Physics Unit IRCH, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029 (India)

    2015-10-15

    Purpose: Composition of the coronary artery plaque is known to have critical role in heart attack. While calcified plaque can easily be diagnosed by conventional CT, it fails to distinguish between fibrous and lipid rich plaques. In the present paper, the authors discuss the experimental techniques and obtain a numerical algorithm by which the electron density (ρ{sub e}) and the effective atomic number (Z{sub eff}) can be obtained from the dual energy computed tomography (DECT) data. The idea is to use this inversion method to characterize and distinguish between the lipid and fibrous coronary artery plaques. Methods: For the purpose of calibration of the CT machine, the authors prepare aqueous samples whose calculated values of (ρ{sub e}, Z{sub eff}) lie in the range of (2.65 × 10{sup 23} ≤ ρ{sub e} ≤ 3.64 × 10{sup 23}/cm{sup 3}) and (6.80 ≤ Z{sub eff} ≤ 8.90). The authors fill the phantom with these known samples and experimentally determine HU(V{sub 1}) and HU(V{sub 2}), with V{sub 1},V{sub 2} = 100 and 140 kVp, for the same pixels and thus determine the coefficients of inversion that allow us to determine (ρ{sub e}, Z{sub eff}) from the DECT data. The HU(100) and HU(140) for the coronary artery plaque are obtained by filling the channel of the coronary artery with a viscous solution of methyl cellulose in water, containing 2% contrast. These (ρ{sub e}, Z{sub eff}) values of the coronary artery plaque are used for their characterization on the basis of theoretical models of atomic compositions of the plaque materials. These results are compared with histopathological report. Results: The authors find that the calibration gives ρ{sub e} with an accuracy of ±3.5% while Z{sub eff} is found within ±1% of the actual value, the confidence being 95%. The HU(100) and HU(140) are found to be considerably different for the same plaque at the same position and there is a linear trend between these two HU values. It is noted that pure lipid type plaques

  2. Initial impact of drug-eluting stents on coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liddicoat, John R; De La Torre, Ralph; Ho, Kalon K L; Nathan, Senthil; Levitsky, Sidney; Krempin, Judy; Sellke, Frank

    2006-04-01

    Drug-eluting stents (DES) reduce the incidence of restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention and have been predicted to decrease the number of patients referred for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of DES on the number and characteristics of patients referred for CABG. Drug-eluting stents were introduced at our hospital in April 2003 and reached maturity by June 2003. We compared our isolated CABG patients from the 12 months before the introduction of DES (year 1) with those from the 12 months after full implementation of DES (year 2). In year 1, of 4,348 cardiac catheterization patients, 2,144 (49.3%) underwent percutaneous coronary intervention, and 432 (9.9%) had CABG. In year 2, of 3,986 cardiac catheterization patients, 2,027 (50.9%) had percutaneous coronary intervention, and 337 (8.5%) had CABG, representing a 14% reduction in proportion of cardiac catheterization patients referred for CABG (p = 0.021). Among CABG patients, there was no change in age, prevalence of diabetes, or prevalence of three-vessel disease; however, patients in year 2 were more likely to have left main coronary artery disease (year 1, 36% versus year 2, 44.5%; p < 0.02) and left ventricular ejection fraction greater than 0.50 (year 1, 45% versus year 2, 52%; p < 0.02). The clinical introduction of DES was associated with a modest decrease in the percentage of cardiac catheterization patients referred for CABG. Of those referred for surgery, an increasing proportion had left main coronary artery disease and preserved left ventricular systolic function. Defining the role of DES versus CABG for coronary revascularization will require elucidation of the long-term outcomes of DES compared with CABG.

  3. Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery in children: diagnostic use of multidetector computed tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shen, Quanli; Yao, Qiong; Hu, Xihong [Children' s Hospital of Fudan University, Department of Radiology, Shanghai (China)

    2016-09-15

    Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery is a rare congenital anomaly. It is important to demonstrate the anomalous origin of the left coronary artery and its course before surgery. To explore the clinical diagnostic use of multidetector CT coronary angiography in detecting anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery in children. Nine children (2 boys, 7 girls) ages 2 months to 9 years with surgically confirmed anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery were studied. Clinical data, transthoracic echocardiography and CT coronary angiography images were retrospectively analyzed. Transthoracic echocardiography correctly diagnosed anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery in 7 of 9 patients (95% CI: 40-97%). CT coronary angiography revealed the anomalous origin of the left coronary artery in all children (95% CI: 66-100%). In a 4-year-old girl and a 9-year-old girl, CT coronary angiography showed dilation of the right coronary artery and collateral circulation between the right and the left coronary arteries. CT coronary angiography is a useful method to show the anomalous origin of the coronary artery in children with anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery, especially for patients in whom origin of the left coronary artery cannot be detected by transthoracic echocardiography. (orig.)

  4. Haemostatic function in coronary artery disease (CAD).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, A; Sikka, M; Madan, N; Dwidedi, S; Rusia, U; Sharma, S

    1997-04-01

    Tests to evaluate haemostatic function bleeding time (BT), prothrombin time (PT) partial thromboplastin time with kaolin (PTTK), thrombin time (TT), platelet count, platelet function tests (platelet adhesiveness and microthrombus index) and plasma fibrinogen levels were performed in 30 patients of coronary artery disease (14 myocardial infarction, 16 angina pectoris) and 20 age and sex matched controls. There was no statistically significant difference in platelet adhesiveness and mean microthrombus index in patients and controls. The BT, PT, PTTK and TT were normal in all patients and controls. Stepwise logistic regression analysis showed that plasma fibrinogen was an independent risk factor in the production of CAD.

  5. Coronary collateral circulation in patients of coronary ectasia with significant coronary artery disease.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Po-Chao Hsu

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: Patients with coronary ectasia (CE usually have coexisting coronary stenosis resulting in myoischemia. Coronary collateral plays an important role in protecting myocardium from ischemia and reducing cardiovascular events. However, limited studies investigate the role of CE in coronary collaterals development. METHODS: We evaluated 1020 consecutive patients undergoing coronary angiography and 552 patients with significant coronary artery disease (SCAD, defined as diameter stenosis more than 70%, were finally analyzed. CE is defined as the ectatic diameter 1.5 times larger than adjacent reference segment. Rentrop collateral score was used to classify patients into poor (grades 0 and 1 or good (grades 2 and 3 collateral group. RESULTS: 73 patients (13.2% had CE lesions which were most located in the right coronary artery (53.4%. Patients with CE had a lower incidence of diabetes (43.8% vs 30.1%, p = 0.03, higher body mass index (25.4±3.5 vs 26.7±4.6, p = 0.027 and poorer coronary collateral (58.2% vs 71.2%, p = 0.040. Patients with poor collateral (n = 331 had a higher incidence of CE (15.7% vs 9.5%, p = 0.040 and fewer diseased vessels numbers (1.96±0.84 vs 2.48±0.69, p<0.001. Multivariate analysis showed diabetes (odd ratio (OR 0.630, p = 0.026, CE (OR = 0.544, p = 0.048, and number of diseased vessels (OR = 2.488, p<0.001 were significant predictors of coronary collaterals development. CONCLUSION: The presence of CE was associated with poorer coronary collateral development in patients with SCAD.

  6. Coronary artery anomalies: prevalence and clinical profile in elderly patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gianluca Rigatelli; Giorgio Rigatelli; Mario Trivellato

    2004-01-01

    Objective Although congenital heart diseases are uncommon in the elderly, coronary artery anomalies may be incidentally discovered in old age. We sought to determine the incidence and clinical features of coronary artery anomalies (CAAs) in patients over 65 years of age. Patients and methods Medical records of patients undergoing coronary artery angiography in the years 1997-2002 at the Legnago General Hospital were retrospectively reviewed, The clinical profiles of all patients with CAAs and CAA subtypes were noted. Comparison between patients under and over 65 was performed. Data are given as mean standard deviation and as percentages. Results Sixtysix patients (1.21%, Female/Male 22/44, mean age 65.3 ± 10.6 years) out of the 5450 who underwent coronary angiography in the years 1997-2002 had CAAs. In mast cases (63%, 41/66 patients), the patients were over 65.CAAs were discovered incidentally in these elderly patients while undergoing coronary artery angiography for dilated cardiomyopathy, ischemic heart disease, and valvular heart disease in 75% of the cases (30/41 patients). Patients over 65 had more cardiac comorbidities and .a higher incidence of coronary atherosclerosis. Conclusions The angiographic incidence of CAAs in elderly patients is increasing as the population ages and this occurrence calls for a wider knowledge of the anatomy and pathophysiology of CAAs among geriatric cardiologists. Elderly patients seem to present with lower risk coronary anomalies (separated origin of left anterior descending coronary artery and circanfflex artery, origin of circumflex artery from the right sinus or the right coronary artery, double coronary artery)but have a higher risk profile compared to younger patients due to the frequency of cardiac comorbidities and superimposed coronary artery atherosclerosis.

  7. Bioresorbable scaffolds in the treatment of coronary artery disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Y. Zhang (Yaojun); C.V. Bourantas (Christos); V. Farooq (Vasim); T. Muramatsu (Takashi); R. Diletti (Roberto); Y. Onuma (Yoshinobu); H.M. Garcia-Garcia (Hector); P.W.J.C. Serruys (Patrick)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractDrug-eluting stents have reduced the risk of in-stent restenosis and have broadened the application in percutaneous coronary intervention in coronary artery disease. However, the concept of using a permanent metallic endovascular device to restore the patency of a stenotic artery has inh

  8. The 2013 Canadian Cardiovascular Society Heart Failure Management Guidelines Update: focus on rehabilitation and exercise and surgical coronary revascularization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moe, Gordon W; Ezekowitz, Justin A; O'Meara, Eileen; Howlett, Jonathan G; Fremes, Steve E; Al-Hesayen, Abdul; Heckman, George A; Ducharme, Anique; Estrella-Holder, Estrellita; Grzeslo, Adam; Harkness, Karen; Lepage, Serge; McDonald, Michael; McKelvie, Robert S; Nigam, Anil; Rajda, Miroslaw; Rao, Vivek; Swiggum, Elizabeth; Virani, Sean; Van Le, Vy; Zieroth, Shelley; Arnold, J Malcolm O; Ashton, Tom; D'Astous, Michel; Dorian, Paul; Giannetti, Nadia; Haddad, Haissam; Isaac, Debra L; Kouz, Simon; Leblanc, Marie-Hélène; Liu, Peter; Ross, Heather J; Sussex, Bruce; White, Michel

    2014-03-01

    The 2013 Canadian Cardiovascular Society Heart Failure Management Guidelines Update provides focused discussions on the management recommendations on 2 topics: (1) exercise and rehabilitation; and (2) surgical coronary revascularization in patients with heart failure. First, all patients with stable New York Heart Association class I-III symptoms should be considered for enrollment in a tailored exercise training program, to improve exercise tolerance and quality of life. Second, selected patients with suitable coronary anatomy should be considered for bypass graft surgery. As in previous updates, the topics were chosen in response to stakeholder feedback. The 2013 Update also includes recommendations, values and preferences, and practical tips to assist the clinicians and health care workers manage their patients with heart failure.

  9. Study on the screening program and risk factors of carotid artery stenosis with coronary artery disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李庆祥

    2013-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this research project was to evaluate the relationship and risk factors between coronary artery disease and carotid artery stenosis (CAS) ,screened by duplex ultra-sonography.Methods 1339 patients with coronary artery disease were enrolled into this

  10. Unusually Looped and Muzzled Branches of Right Coronary Artery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anitha Guru

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Coronary artery disease (CAD is the major cause of death in developed countries as it accounts on an average for 1 of every 5 deaths. Morphological variations of coronary arterial system is one of the causative factor for CAD. Anatomical knowledge of all possible variant patterns of coronary arterial system is imperative in the diagnostic and therapeutic approach of CAD. We report here a rare branching pattern of right coronary artery (RCA. The origin of RCA was normal but the course and branching pattern of it were atypical. RCA was not occupying its usual position in atrioventricular (coronary sulcus and its course was incomplete. It gave a ventricular branch to right ventricle, which presented an unusual looping pattern. It terminated as right marginal artery following its muzzled appearance within the musculature of the ventricle.

  11. Technical Considerations of Giant Right Coronary Artery Aneurysm Exclusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Barr

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Giant coronary artery aneurysms are rare clinical entities. We report the case of a 49-year-old man who presented with dyspnoea and exertional chest pain. Investigations confirmed an aneurysmal right coronary artery measuring 4 cm with a fistulous communication to the right atrium. Following right atriotomy, the fistula was oversewn and the aneurysmal right coronary artery ligated at its origin and at several points along its course. A saphenous vein graft was anastomosed to the posterior descending artery. Persistent ventricular fibrillation occurred upon chest closure, attributed to ischaemia following ligation of the aneurysmal coronary artery. Emergent resternotomy and internal defibrillation were successfully performed. The sternum was stented open to reduce right ventricular strain and closed the following day. The patient made an unremarkable recovery. We here address the technical challenges associated with surgical repair of right coronary aneurysms and the physiology and management of potential complications.

  12. Technical Considerations of Giant Right Coronary Artery Aneurysm Exclusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barr, James; Kourliouros, Antonios

    2016-01-01

    Giant coronary artery aneurysms are rare clinical entities. We report the case of a 49-year-old man who presented with dyspnoea and exertional chest pain. Investigations confirmed an aneurysmal right coronary artery measuring 4 cm with a fistulous communication to the right atrium. Following right atriotomy, the fistula was oversewn and the aneurysmal right coronary artery ligated at its origin and at several points along its course. A saphenous vein graft was anastomosed to the posterior descending artery. Persistent ventricular fibrillation occurred upon chest closure, attributed to ischaemia following ligation of the aneurysmal coronary artery. Emergent resternotomy and internal defibrillation were successfully performed. The sternum was stented open to reduce right ventricular strain and closed the following day. The patient made an unremarkable recovery. We here address the technical challenges associated with surgical repair of right coronary aneurysms and the physiology and management of potential complications. PMID:28018699

  13. Prediction of Coronary Artery Disease by B-Mode Sonography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Kheirkhah

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Although coronary angiography is gold standard for diagnosis of coronary artery disease, it is nevertheless an invasive and potentially hazardous procedure. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of carotid and femoral artery Intima-Media Thickness (IMT for detection of coronary artery disease.Methods: The present study comprised 100 consecutive patients referred for coronary angiography due to symptoms of ischemic heart disease. Ultrasound assessment of common carotid and common femoral artery were performed with an ultrasound device equipped with a high-resolution transducer. IMT was measured in the common carotid and common femoral artery (10 mm proximal to the deep femoral artery origin. Results: There were 25 cases in each of single (S, double (D and triple (T vessel disease and 25 in significant left main diseases groups of patients. In regard to common carotid artery IMT was 0.78 mm in S, 0.84 mm in D, 0.97 mm in T and 1.05 mm in left main disease groups. There was a significant correlation between IMT measured in the carotid artery and severity of coronary artery disease (P = 0.0001. With respect to common femoral artery IMT was 0.66 mm in S group, 0.73 mm in D group, 0.84 mm in T groups and 0.85 mm in patients with left main disease.. There is a significant correlation between IMT (measured in the common femoral artery and severity of coronary artery disease (P = 0.0001.Conclusion: Our results indicated that early atherosclerosis in both carotid and femoral arteries were highly predictive of coronary involvement and IMT being associated with the number of coronary vessels disorder.

  14. Successful treatment of cardiogenic shock by stenting of the left main coronary artery in acute myocardial infarction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Knežević Božidarka

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Patients with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS are sometimes severely hemodynamicly compromised. Urgent coronary angiography should be performed in these patients in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI centers according to the ESC NSTE-ACS guidelines to determine suitabilty for percutaneous or surgical revascularization. Case report. We reported a 62-year-old male with chest pain admitted to the Coronary Care Unit. ST segment depression of 2 mm in leads I, L and V4-6 was revealed at electrocardiogram. After following 6 hours the patient had chest pain and signs of cardiogenic shock despite of the therapy. Chest x-ray showed pulmonary edema. Echocardiographic examination showed dyskinetic medium and apical segments of septum. The patient underwent coronary angiography immediately which revealed 75% stenosis of the left main coronary artery with thrombus. The use of a GPIIb/III inhibitor-tirofiban and stent implantation resulted in TIMI III flow. After that the patient had no chest pain and acute heart failure subsided in the following days Echocardiography done at the fourth day from PCI showed only hypokinesis medium and apical segment of septum. The patient was discharged at day 11 from admission in a stable condition. Conclusion. Stenting of left main coronary artery stenosis in patients with cardiogenic shock and non- ST segment elevation acute coronary syndromes may be a life saving procedure.

  15. Mean platelet volume in patients with coronary artery ectasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sen, Nihat; Tavil, Yusuf; Yazici, Hüseyin Ugur; Hizal, Fatma; Açikgöz, Sadik Kadri; Abaci, Adnan; Cengel, Atiye

    2007-08-01

    Mean platelet volume (MPV) is an indicator of platelet activation, a central process in the pathophysiology of coronary heart disease. The importance of coronary artery ectasia (CAE) lies in the fact that in 85% of cases it is accompanied by atherosclerotic coronary disease. The present study was designed to investigate MPV values in CAE patients in comparison with individuals with normal coronary angiograms. MPV was measured in 67 consecutive patients (mean age: 55.3+/-9.7 years) with isolated CAE and 55 control subjects (mean age: 53.6+/-10.1 years). Coronary artery ectasia was defined as without any stenotic lesion, on visual assessment, of the coronary arteries with a luminal dilatation 1.5-fold or more of the adjacent normal coronary segments. Four subgroups were composed according to the extension of CAE in coronary arteries. MPV was significantly higher in patients with CAE than in the control group (9.27+/-1.32 vs. 8.40+/-0.95, p<0.001). There were no statistically significant differences in MPV among the subgroups with different CAE severity. It was shown for the first time that patients with CAE have higher MPVs than control subjects with normal coronary angiograms. Hence MPV might be used as a follow-up marker in patients with CAE with or without coronary artery disease.

  16. Developmental origin of age-related coronary artery disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Ke; Díaz-Trelles, Ramon; Liu, Qiaozhen; Diez-Cuñado, Marta; Scimia, Maria-Cecilia; Cai, Wenqing; Sawada, Junko; Komatsu, Masanobu; Boyle, Joseph J.; Zhou, Bin; Ruiz-Lozano, Pilar; Mercola, Mark

    2015-01-01

    Aim Age and injury cause structural and functional changes in coronary artery smooth muscle cells (caSMCs) that influence the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease. Although paracrine signalling is widely believed to drive phenotypic changes in caSMCs, here we show that developmental origin within the fetal epicardium can have a profound effect as well. Methods and results Fluorescent dye and transgene pulse-labelling techniques in mice revealed that the majority of caSMCs are derived from Wt1+, Gata5-Cre+ cells that migrate before E12.5, whereas a minority of cells are derived from a later-emigrating, Wt1+, Gata5-Cre− population. We functionally evaluated the influence of early emigrating cells on coronary artery development and disease by Gata5-Cre excision of Rbpj, which prevents their contribution to coronary artery smooth muscle cells. Ablation of the Gata5-Cre+ population resulted in coronary arteries consisting solely of Gata5-Cre− caSMCs. These coronary arteries appeared normal into early adulthood; however, by 5–8 months of age, they became progressively fibrotic, lost the adventitial outer elastin layer, were dysfunctional and leaky, and animals showed early mortality. Conclusion Taken together, these data reveal heterogeneity in the fetal epicardium that is linked to coronary artery integrity, and that distortion of the coronaries epicardial origin predisposes to adult onset disease. PMID:26054850

  17. Comparative study of on-pump and off-pump coronary bypass surgery in patients with triple-vessel coronary artery disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈鑫; 徐明; 史宏伟; 穆心伟; 陈振强; 邱志兵

    2004-01-01

    Background Studies on selected patients undergoing off-pump versus on-pump coronary artery bypass surgery have produced inconsistent results, especially in patients with multiple coronary artery disease. This study compared the clinical results of on-pump and off-pump coronary bypass surgery in patients with triple-vessel disease.Methods A total of 300 consecutive isolated, multiple coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) patients were assigned to the off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB, n=150) or CABG with cardiopulmonary bypass (CCABG, n=150) groups. There were no significant differences regarding degree of angina, history of myocardial infarction or diabetes, and presence of left main coronary artery disease between the two groups. Ejection fraction in the OPCAB group before surgery was lower than in the CCABG group (P<0.01). In addition, more patients had a history of stroke and abnormal renal function preoperatively in the OPCAB group(P< 0.01). In OPCAB patients, single deep pericardial stay suture with a sling snared down was used to expose the target vessels, along with a stabilizer and a coronary shunt. A Medi-Stim Butterfly Flowmeter was used to measure blood flow through grafts in both groups.Results No OPCAB patient was converted to the CCABG group. The average numbers of distal anastomoses and the indexes of completeness of revascularization (ICR) were similar in both groups. Postoperative respiratory support time and the volumes of chest tube drainage and of blood transfusions were less in the OPCAB group than in the CCABG group (both P<0.01). The postoperative incidences of pulmonary dysfunction and renal insufficiency were lower in the OPCAB group than in the CCABG group (both P<0.05). There were no significant differences between the two groups in mortality and other causes of morbidity (periopetative myocardial infarction, stroke, atrial fibrillation). Conclusions OPCAB can be applied to patients with triple-vessel coronary artery disease and can

  18. The Development of Coronary Artery Stents: From Bare-Metal to Bio-Resorbable Types

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming-Yun Ho

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. Conventional balloon angioplasty is associated with high rates of complications such as coronary dissection and vessel recoil. The deployment of bare-metal stents (BMSs can overcome these problems and achieve a better patency rate than simple balloon angioplasty. It has been shown that the stent design including structure platform, size, length, and strut thickness has a major influence on the clinical results. Even though angioplasty with BMS implantation is widely used in coronary interventions, the restenosis rate due to neointimal hyperplasia remains high. Therefore, drug-eluting stents (DESs coated with anti-proliferative agents and polymers have been developed to reduce the restenosis rate and improve the clinical outcomes. Although the repeat revascularization rate of DESs is lower than that of BMSs, the long-term stent thrombosis rate is higher than for BMSs. Therefore, new and emerging generations of stents, in which, for example, thinner struts and bioresorbable polymers are used, are available for clinical use. However, there are only a limited number of clinical trials, in which these newer stents have been compared with BMSs and first- and second-generation DESs. The purpose of this review was to provide up-to-date information on the evolution of coronary artery stents from BMSs to DESs to bioresorbable stents (BRSs.

  19. Coronary artery disease incidence between type II diabetic and non-diabetic patients with Leriche syndrome.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ozeren M

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD is the major determinant of preoperative morbidity and mortality for patients requiring major vascular surgery. The management of CAD in these patients is controversial. AIMS: The incidence and severity of CAD in diabetic and non-diabetic patients with Leriche syndrome was explored. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: 107 patients with Leriche syndrome were selected as major vascular occlusion and grouped according to their diabetic Status. Sex, age, dyslipidemia, obesity, hypertension, clinic cardiac status, coronary angiographic lesions and coronary revascularisation procedures were noted. MATERIAL & METHODS: Patients′ demographics, intra-operative and per-operative data were recorded and compared. In every patient with Leriche syndrome scheduled for elective vascular reconstruction coronary angiography was performed. Lesions were evaluated for the percentages of stenosis. Preliminary coronary bypass or percutaneous coronary intervention was recommended for those found to have advanced or severe CAD. Results of revascularisation procedures were compared. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Chi-square or Fisher exact chi-square test is used for conditional variables. Independent samples was analysed by using t-test. Kruskal-Wallis variance test was used if the variances are not homogeneous according to the Levene test. RESULTS: No difference was found in both groups except family history and obesity. Coronary angiographic investigation indicates that 59% of DIAB group and 38% of NONDIAB group patients have advanced or severe CAD which has a high probability for myocardial revascularization. Overall revascularisation rate is 37.8% in DIAB group and 45.7% in NONDIAB group (p=0,641. Preoperative mortality was found 2.7% in diabetics and 4.2% in non-diabetics (p=0.342. CONCLUSIONS: Leriche syndrome with diabetes mellitus is more likely to have advanced coronary disease than those without diabetes mellitus. Coronary angiography

  20. Transposition of Great Arteries with Intramural Coronary Artery: Experience with a Modified Surgical Technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amit Mishra

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective: Transposition of the great arteries is a common congenital heart disease. Arterial switch is the gold standard operation for this complex heart disease. Arterial switch operation in the presence of intramural coronary artery is surgically the most demanding even for the most experienced hands. We are presenting our experience with a modified technique for intramural coronary arteries in arterial switch operation. Methods: This prospective study involves 450 patients undergoing arterial switch operation at our institute from April 2006 to December 2013 (7.6 years. Eighteen patients underwent arterial switch operation with intramural coronary artery. The coronary patterns and technique used are detailed in the text. Results: The overall mortality found in the subgroup of 18 patients having intramural coronary artery was 16% (n=3. Our first patient had an accidental injury to the left coronary artery and died in the operating room. A seven-day old newborn died from intractable ventricular arrhythmia fifteen hours after surgery. Another patient who had multiple ventricular septal defects with type B arch interruption died from residual apical ventricular septal defect and sepsis on the eleventh postoperative day. The remainder of the patients are doing well, showing a median follow-up duration of 1235.34±815.26 days (range 369 - 2730. Conclusion: Transposition of the great arteries with intramural coronary artery is demanding in a subset of patients undergoing arterial switch operation. We believe our technique of coronary button dissection in the presence of intramural coronary arteries using coronary shunt is simple and can be a good addition to the surgeons' armamentarium.

  1. Transposition of Great Arteries with Intramural Coronary Artery: Experience with a Modified Surgical Technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mishra, Amit; Jain, Anil; Hinduja, Manish; Wadhawa, Vivek; Patel, Ramesh; Vaidhya, Nikunj; Rodricks, Dayesh; Patel, Hardik

    2016-01-01

    Objective: Transposition of the great arteries is a common congenital heart disease. Arterial switch is the gold standard operation for this complex heart disease. Arterial switch operation in the presence of intramural coronary artery is surgically the most demanding even for the most experienced hands. We are presenting our experience with a modified technique for intramural coronary arteries in arterial switch operation. Methods: This prospective study involves 450 patients undergoing arterial switch operation at our institute from April 2006 to December 2013 (7.6 years). Eighteen patients underwent arterial switch operation with intramural coronary artery. The coronary patterns and technique used are detailed in the text. Results: The overall mortality found in the subgroup of 18 patients having intramural coronary artery was 16% (n=3). Our first patient had an accidental injury to the left coronary artery and died in the operating room. A seven-day old newborn died from intractable ventricular arrhythmia fifteen hours after surgery. Another patient who had multiple ventricular septal defects with type B arch interruption died from residual apical ventricular septal defect and sepsis on the eleventh postoperative day. The remainder of the patients are doing well, showing a median follow-up duration of 1235.34±815.26 days (range 369 - 2730). Conclusion: Transposition of the great arteries with intramural coronary artery is demanding in a subset of patients undergoing arterial switch operation. We believe our technique of coronary button dissection in the presence of intramural coronary arteries using coronary shunt is simple and can be a good addition to the surgeons' armamentarium. PMID:27074270

  2. Safety and Efficacy of a Novel Technique in the Use of Fractional Flow Reserve in Complex Coronary Artery Lesions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wen-Ming He; Chang-Ling Li; Yong Sun; Zhong Zhou; Yi-Feng Mai

    2015-01-01

    Background:Fractional flow reserve (FFR) has become an increasingly important index when making decisions with respect to revascularization of coronary artery stenosis.However,the pressure guidewire used in obtaining FFR measurements is difficult to control and manipulate in certain complex coronary artery lesions,resulting in increased fluoroscopy time and contrast dye usage.This study examined a novel (NOV) technique for obtaining FFR measurements in hope of easing the difficulties associated with evaluating and treating complex coronary artery lesions.Methods:Fifty-six patients with complex coronary artery lesions were assigned to a conventional (CON) FFR technique group or a NOV FFR technique group.The NOV technique involved the use of a balloon and wire exchange within the coronary artery.The fluoroscopy time,contrast dye usage,and FFR-related complications were assessed after completing the FFR measurement procedure for each patient.Results:The median time required for fluoroscopy in the NOV technique group was significantly less than that in the CON technique group; additionally,lesser amounts of contrast dye were used in the NOV technique group (both P < 0.05).The NOV technique was successfully performed in thirty patients,without any FFR-related complications.However,the CON technique failed in three patients,including two who experienced coronary artery spasms (P > 0.05).Conclusions:Compared to the CON technique used for measuring FFR,the new technique reduced the fluoroscopy time and amount of contrast dye used when evaluating complex coronary artery lesions.The new technique did not increase the risk of operation or decrease the success rate.

  3. Anomalous Origin of the Left Coronary Artery From the Pulmonary Artery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Venkat Gangadharan MD

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available A 36-year-old woman was seen with complaints of exertional chest pain and shortness of breath. Her medical history included atrial fibrillation and diabetes. Physical examination was unremarkable except for an irregular cardiac rhythm. Myocardial perfusion imaging revealed the presence of a large area of infarction involving the entire anterior and apical walls and part of the anteroseptal wall with minimal periinfarct ischemia. Computed tomography coronary angiogram revealed an anomalous left main coronary artery arising from the main pulmonary artery. Right and left heart catheterizations demonstrated moderate pulmonary hypertension with a slight step-up in oxygen saturation between the right ventricle and main pulmonary artery. Coronary angiography showed a large tortuous right coronary artery with collaterals to the left anterior descending artery that drained into the main pulmonary artery. She was referred for surgery. This case demonstrates a rare coronary artery anomaly in an adult where survival is dependent on collateral circulation.

  4. Quality of life in elderly patients following coronary artery bypass grafting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bak E

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Ewelina Bak,1 Czesław Marcisz2 1Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Bielsko-Biala, Bielsko-Biala, 2Department of Gerontology and Geriatric Nursing, School of Health Sciences, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland Background: Surgical revascularization of the coronary arteries leads to changes in quality of life (QoL for patients with coronary heart disease. The aim of this work was to monitor QoL, considering cognitive function, depression, and activities of daily living in elderly patients after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG. Methods: This study included 65 patients (29 women and 36 men aged 61–74 years with stable coronary heart disease who underwent CABG. The control group included 29 women and 36 men aged 61–74 years who were not suffering from coronary heart disease. The questionnaires used in the study canvassed QoL (Nottingham Health Profile, cognitive function, depression, and basic and instrumental activities of daily living. The research was conducted before surgery and repeated 6 and 12 months after surgery. Results: QoL was comparable between women and men and was lower than in the control group (P<0.05. After CABG, the values for particular domains of QoL improved more in men than in women. There was a reduction in the severity of depression 6 months after surgery in men and 12 months after surgery in women. Conclusion: Elderly patients with coronary heart disease have decreased QoL, which normalizes in men and improves in women after CABG. Keywords: coronary heart disease, depression, cognitive function, activities of daily living

  5. Prospective randomized clinical study of arterial pumps used for routine on pump coronary bypass grafting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keyser, Andreas; Hilker, Michael K; Diez, Claudius; Philipp, Alois; Foltan, Maik; Schmid, Christof

    2011-05-01

    In a number of studies, centrifugal blood pumps--in comparison with roller pumps--have been shown to attenuate trauma to blood components. Nevertheless, the impact of these results on the postoperative course needs to be discussed controversially. In a prospective randomized study, 240 consecutive adult patients underwent elective myocardial revascularization with cardiopulmonary bypass employing five different pumps (Roller, Avecor, Sarns, Rotaflow, Bio-Medicus). We analyzed clinical course, blood loss, damage of blood components, and impairment of the hemostatic system. The study population was homogenous with respect to age, gender, myocardial function, and operative data. No differences were found with respect to time of ventilation, duration of intensive care stay, hospitalization, and laboratory data. The choice of arterial pump during standard extracorporeal bypass for elective coronary artery bypass grafting is no matter of concern.

  6. Coronary artery disease treatment in dialysis patients at the Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu--UNESP.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieira, Paula Ferreiro; Garcia, Paula Dalsoglio; Bregagnollo, Edson Antonio; Carvalho, Fábio Cardoso; Kochi, Ana Cláudia; Martins, Antonio Sérgio; Caramori, Jaqueline Costa Teixeira; Franco, Roberto Jorge da Silva; Barretti, Pasqual; Martin, Luis Cuadrado

    2007-05-01

    Interventional treatment of coronary insufficiency is underemployed among dialysis patients. Studies confirming its efficacy in this set of patients are scarce. To assess the results of interventional treatment of coronary artery disease in patients undergoing dialysis. A total of 34 dialysis patients submitted to coronary angiography between September 1995 and October 2004 were divided according to presence or absence of coronary lesion, type of treatment and presence or absence of diabetes mellitus. The groups were compared according to their clinical and survival characteristics. Survival of patients undergoing interventional treatment was compared to overall survival of 146 dialysis patients at the institution in the same period. Interventional treatment was indicated to the same clinical conditions in the general population. Thirteen patients with no angiography coronary lesions presented a survival rate of 100% in 48 months as compared to 35% of 21 patients with coronary artery disease. Diabetic patients had a lower survival rate compared with non-diabetics. Angioplasty had a worse prognosis compared to surgery; however, 80% of patients undergoing angioplasty were diabetic. Seventeen patients submitted to interventional procedures presented a survival rate similar to that of the others 146 hemodialysis patients without clinical evidence of coronary disease. This small series shows that myocardial revascularization, whenever indicated, can be performed in dialysis patients. This conclusion is corroborated by similar mortality rates in two groups of patients: coronary patients submitted to revascularization and overall dialysis patients.

  7. [Approaches potentiating cardioprotective effect of ambulatory physical training in patients with ischemic heart disease and multivessel coronary artery involvement after coronary stenting].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liamina, N P; Kotel'nikova, E V; Biziaeva, E A; Karpova, É S

    2014-01-01

    Cardiorehabilitation of patients with multivessel coronary lesions is an obligatory component of ambulatory stage of care. With the aim of potentiating cardioprotective and antiischemic impact of rehabilitative preventive measures in 36 patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) and multivessel coronary artery involvement who had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention we studied cardioprotective and antiischemic effect of long-term (24 weeks) administration of 70 mg/day trimetazidine in combination with moderate intensity physical training with the use of distance surveillance by a physician. The chosen therapeutic approach in patients with residual ischemia after incomplete anatomical revascularization provided early persistent formation of cardioprotective and antiischemic effect proven by increase of tolerance to physical exercise, improvement of diastolic function, and positive dynamics of both ECG parameters and biochemical markers of myocardial ischemia.

  8. Large common left and right coronary artery to coronary sinus fistula

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoendermis, E.S.; Waterbolk, Tjalling W.; Willems, Els; Zijlstra, F.

    2006-01-01

    Coronary fistulas are vascular anomalies which in rare cases can cause hemodynamic problems with indication for intervention. We report about a 47-year-old man with a large coronary fistula arising from both, the left and right coronary artery. To our knowledge this is the first case described with

  9. Emergency stenting for refractory acute coronary artery occlusion during coronary angioplasty

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.J. de Feyter (Pim); I. DeScheerder (Ivan); M.J.B.M. van den Brand (Marcel); G-J. Laarman (GertJan); H. Suryapranata (Harry); P.W.J.C. Serruys (Patrick)

    1990-01-01

    markdownabstractAbstract Acute coronary artery occlusion occurs in 2 to 11% of the patients who undergo coronary angioplasty and is the major cause of in-hospital mortality and morbidity associated with coronary angioplasty. This procedural complication is usually caused by an occlusive

  10. Giant aneurysm in a left coronary artery fistula

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frestad, Daria; Helqvist, Steffen; Helvind, Morten

    2013-01-01

    Congenital coronary artery fistula complicated with giant coronary artery aneurysm is a very rare condition. In this case report, we present a 65-year-old woman, referred to us with a continuous heart murmur, occasional atypical chest pain and few episodes of fainting. A giant aneurysm and a coro......Congenital coronary artery fistula complicated with giant coronary artery aneurysm is a very rare condition. In this case report, we present a 65-year-old woman, referred to us with a continuous heart murmur, occasional atypical chest pain and few episodes of fainting. A giant aneurysm...... and a coronary-pulmonary fistula were diagnosed using multiple cardiovascular imaging modalities to provide a sufficient anatomical picture. The patient was considered at high risk of sudden death from aneurysm rupture and received surgical treatment. Subsequent histopathological examination revealed a true...

  11. Repair of an Atherosclerotic Coronary Artery Aneurysm by Implantation of a Coronary Covered Stent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antenor Portela

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available An atherosclerotic aneurysm of the right coronary artery complicated by a recent myocardial infarction was successfully treated with coronary artery stenting, using a device consisting of 2 stents with a layer of expandable polytetrafluorethylene (PTFE placed between them. A follow-up angiograph 5 months after the procedure showed sustained initial results.

  12. Woven Coronary Artery Disease Successfully Managed with Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A New Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Yakup Alsancak; Burak Sezenoz; Sedat Turkoglu; Adnan Abacı

    2015-01-01

    Woven coronary artery is relatively rare and can be complicated in both acute and chronic phases. A few case reports have been published until now. Herein we report a case with right woven coronary artery managed with drug-eluted stent implantation without complication.

  13. Woven Coronary Artery Disease Successfully Managed with Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A New Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alsancak, Yakup; Sezenoz, Burak; Turkoglu, Sedat; Abacı, Adnan

    2015-01-01

    Woven coronary artery is relatively rare and can be complicated in both acute and chronic phases. A few case reports have been published until now. Herein we report a case with right woven coronary artery managed with drug-eluted stent implantation without complication.

  14. Woven Coronary Artery Disease Successfully Managed with Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A New Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yakup Alsancak

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Woven coronary artery is relatively rare and can be complicated in both acute and chronic phases. A few case reports have been published until now. Herein we report a case with right woven coronary artery managed with drug-eluted stent implantation without complication.

  15. [Emergency coronary artery bypass grafting for acute myocardial infarction presenting as cardio-pulmonary arrest during a marathon race; report of a case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umeda, Yukio; Imaizumi, Matsuhisa; Okada, Waichiro; Yokoya, Hirokazu; Tanaka, Tsuneo

    2014-10-01

    We report a case of coronary artery bypass grafting for acute myocardial infarction which presented as cardio-pulmonary arrest during a marathon race. A 57-year-old man collapsed at the 18-km point in the Toyohashi half marathon. He was treated with an automated electrical defibrillator( AED) for ventricular fibrillation in an ambulance. Immediately after arriving at our emergency department, he was diagnosed with acute myocardial infarction by electrocardiography. Emergency coronary angiography revealed severe stenosis of the left anterior descending artery. Percutaneous coronary intervention was tried, but it was given up because calcification of the stenotic lesion was severe. He was then referred to our department for emergency coronary artery bypass grafting. Complete re-vascularization was accomplished and the patient has been doing well with no signs of angina.

  16. Diagnostic accuracy of computed tomography coronary angiography according to pre-test probability of coronary artery disease and severity of coronary arterial calcification. The CORE-64 (Coronary Artery Evaluation Using 64-Row Multidetector Computed Tomography Angiography) International Multicenter Study

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Arbab-Zadeh, Armin; Miller, Julie M; Rochitte, Carlos E; Dewey, Marc; Niinuma, Hiroyuki; Gottlieb, Ilan; Paul, Narinder; Clouse, Melvin E; Shapiro, Edward P; Hoe, John; Lardo, Albert C; Bush, David E; de Roos, Albert; Cox, Christopher; Brinker, Jeffrey; Lima, Joăo A C

    2012-01-01

    ...) to detect obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). The ability of CTA to exclude obstructive CAD in patients of different pre-test probabilities and in presence of coronary calcification remains uncertain. For the CORE-64...

  17. Percutaneous coronary angioplasty versus coronary artery bypass grafting in treatment of unprotected left main stenosis (NOBLE)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mäkikallio, Timo; Holm, Niels R; Lindsay, Mitchell

    2016-01-01

    Background Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the standard treatment for revascularisation in patients with left main coronary artery disease, but use of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for this indication is increasing. We aimed to compare PCI and CABG for treatment of left main...... coronary artery disease. Methods In this prospective, randomised, open-label, non-inferiority trial, patients with left main coronary artery disease were enrolled in 36 centres in northern Europe and randomised 1: 1 to treatment with PCI or CABG. Eligible patients had stable angina pectoris, unstable......), a composite of all-cause mortality, non-procedural myocardial infarction, any repeat coronary revascularisation, and stroke. Non-inferiority of PCI to CABG required the lower end of the 95% CI not to exceed a hazard ratio (HR) of 1 . 35 after up to 5 years of follow-up. The intention-to-treat principle...

  18. [Aftermaths of lesions of coronary arteries in Kawasaki disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vostokova, A A; Grunina, E A; Klemenov, A V

    2016-01-01

    Kawasaki disease, also known as cutaneous-mucous-glandular mucocutaneous glandular syndrome, is acute systemic vasculitis of small-to-medium calibre arteries, frequently involving coronary arteries, affect almost exceptionally children, with reports concerning cases of Kawasaki syndrome in 20-to-30-year-old adults being extremely rare. The most serious manifestation of Kawasaki disease is coronaritis and formation of coronary artery aneurysms. The dynamics of the formed coronary aneurysms and, consequently, the fate of patients may be different. Thrombosis of an aneurysm in the early period of the disease and stenosing of the affected coronary artery later on present possible complications of Kawasaki disease and potential causes of myocardial infection in young adults. Increased risk of coronary artery thromboses in Kawasaki disease is conditioned by a decrease in velocity of blood flow and its turbulent pattern in the aneurysms, endothelial dysfunction due to currently existing or endured coronaritis and thrombocytosis typical of this pathology. Predisposing factors of coronary artery stenosing are unfavourable haemodynamic conditions appearing at the sites of the "entry" and "exit" of the aneurysm. Described herein are two case reports of myocardial infarction, one of which being a complication of an acute case of Kawasaki disease in a 29-year-old patient, with the second one being a consequence of coronary artery stenosing in a 25-year-old patient who had endured Kawasaki disease in his childhood.

  19. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) Dengan Menggunakan Vena Saphenous, Arteri Mammaria Interna

    OpenAIRE

    Lita Feriyawati

    2006-01-01

    Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) merupakan salahsatu penanganan intervensi dari Penyakit Jantung Koroner (PJK), dengan cara membuat saluran baru melewati bagian Arteri Coronaria yang mengalami penyempitan atau penyumbatan, oleh Lita Feriyawati 06001193

  20. Carotid artery stenting in patients with coexistent carotid and coronary artery disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LUO Jian-fang; HUANG Wen-hui; WANG Shuo; DAI Cheng-bo; LI Guang; CHEN Ji-yan; ZHOU Ying-ling; WANG Li-juan

    2007-01-01

    @@ Atherosclerotic disease, as a systemic process, affects all arteries to varying degrees. In particular,coexistent carotid and coronary artery diseases are common; Management of such patients has been a point of continuing controversy.

  1. Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection following Topical Hormone Replacement Therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander L. Pan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a rare condition, usually presenting as an acute coronary syndrome, and is often seen in states associated with high systemic estrogen levels such as pregnancy or oral contraceptive use. While topical hormonal replacement therapy may result in increased estrogen levels similar to those documented with oral contraceptive use, there are no reported cases of spontaneous coronary dissection with topical hormonal replacement therapy. We describe a 53-year-old female who developed two spontaneous coronary dissections while on topical hormonal replacement therapy. The patient had no other risk factors for coronary dissection. After withdrawal from topical hormonal therapy, our patient has done well and has not had recurrent coronary artery dissections over a one-year follow-up period. The potential contributory role of topical hormonal therapy as a cause of spontaneous coronary dissection should be recognized.

  2. Doppler findings in a rare Coronary Artery Fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorns Carl

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract One of the primary forms of congenital anomalies of the coronary arteries is coronary artery fistula (CAF. It is defined as a direct communication between the coronary artery and any surrounding cardiac chamber or vascular structure, which bypasses the myocardial capillary bed. We present a newborn baby with a large coronary artery fistula connecting the left anterior descending (LAD artery to the left ventricular (LV apex. Associated cardiac abnormalities were found: a ventricular septal defect (diameter 4 mm, a patent foramen ovale as well as trivial tricuspid and mitral regurgitation. Here we demonstrate the echocardiograms of an extremely rare form of CAF diagnosed within the first days of postnatal life.

  3. A Numerical Multiscale Framework for Modeling Patient-Specific Coronary Artery Bypass Surgeries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramachandra, Abhay B.; Kahn, Andrew; Marsden, Alison

    2014-11-01

    Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is performed to revascularize diseased coronary arteries, using arterial, venous or synthetic grafts. Vein grafts, used in more than 70% of procedures, have failure rates as high as 50% in less than 10 years. Hemodynamics is known to play a key role in the mechano-biological response of vein grafts, but current non-invasive imaging techniques cannot fully characterize the hemodynamic and biomechanical environment. We numerically compute hemodynamics and wall mechanics in patient-specific 3D CABG geometries using stabilized finite element methods. The 3D patient-specific domain is coupled to a 0D lumped parameter circulatory model and parameters are tuned to match patient-specific blood pressures, stroke volumes, heart rates and heuristic flow-split values. We quantify differences in hemodynamics between arterial and venous grafts and discuss possible correlations to graft failure. Extension to a deformable wall approximation will also be discussed. The quantification of wall mechanics and hemodynamics is a necessary step towards coupling continuum models in solid and fluid mechanics with the cellular and sub-cellular responses of grafts, which in turn, should lead to a more accurate prediction of the long term outcome of CABG surgeries, including predictions of growth and remodeling.

  4. Diffuse coronary artery spasm treated by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Chez; Akowuah, Enoch; Theodore, Sanjay; Brown, Robin

    2009-07-01

    Diffuse coronary vasospasm is an unpredictable and serious complication following coronary artery bypass surgery. The treatment of this emergency is dependent on patient suitability for angiography and direct injection of vasodilators into the affected vessels. In patients unable to proceed to angiography the diagnosis can only be suspected but treatment is nevertheless still towards reinstitution of coronary blood flow. We present one such case in which re-grafting and extracorporeal membranous oxygenation proved successful in restoring cardiac function in a patient with diffuse coronary artery spasm.

  5. Above-knee vein harvest for coronary revascularization increases ASEPSIS score.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akowuah, Enoch; Shrivastava, Vivek; Ponniah, Alan; Jamnadas, Binal; Chilton, Gary; Cooper, Graham

    2006-02-01

    The long saphenous vein may be harvested from the thigh or the lower leg, depending on the operating surgeon's preference. This prospective study compared the incidence of altered wound healing between these two sites in 175 patients undergoing routine coronary artery bypass grafting over a 3-month period. The patients were divided into 3 groups. In group A, the vein harvest site was restricted to above the upper border of the patella. Group B included harvest sites that started at the ankle but extended above the level of the upper border of the patella. In group C, the vein harvest site was restricted to below the upper border of the patella. The wounds were assessed daily using the ASEPSIS scoring system. In group A, significantly more patients (24%) had an ASEPSIS score > 10, compared to group B (3%) and group C (2%). The mean ASEPSIS score was significantly lower in group C than groups A or B, 1.5 +/- 2.4 vs. 6.5 +/- 3.2 or 3.7 +/- 1.7, respectively. The ASEPSIS score is reduced when vein harvest is restricted to below the level of the knee.

  6. Genetics of coronary artery disease and myocardial infarction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xuming Dai; Szymon Wiernek; James P Evans; Marschall S Runge

    2016-01-01

    Atherosclerotic coronary artery disease(CAD) comprises a broad spectrum of clinical entities that include asymptomatic subclinical atherosclerosis and its clinical complications, such as angina pectoris, myocardial infarction(MI) and sudden cardiac death. CAD continues to be the leading cause of death in industrialized society. The long-recognized familial clustering of CAD suggests that genetics plays a central role in its development, with the heritability of CAD and MI estimated at approximately 50% to 60%. Understanding the genetic architecture of CAD and MI has proven to be difficult and costly due to the heterogeneity of clinical CAD and the underlying multi-decade complex pathophysiological processes that involve both genetic and environmental interactions. This review describes the clinical heterogeneity of CAD and MI to clarify the disease spectrum in genetic studies, provides a brief overview of the historical understanding and estimation of the heritability of CAD and MI, recounts major gene discoveries of potential causal mutations in familial CAD and MI, summarizes CAD and MIassociated genetic variants identified using candidate gene approaches and genome-wide association studies(GWAS), and summarizes the current status of the construction and validations of genetic risk scores for lifetime risk prediction and guidance for preventive strategies. Potential protective genetic factors against the development of CAD and MI are also discussed. Finally, GWAS have identified multiple genetic factors associated with an increased risk of in-stent restenosis following stent placement for obstructive CAD. This review will also address genetic factors associated with in-stent restenosis, which may ultimately guide clinical decision-making regarding revascularization strategies for patients with CAD and MI.

  7. 机器人冠脉杂交手术围手术期护理%Perioperative nursing of patients undergoing hybrid coronary revascularization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁艳琼; 张翠娟; 冯锦茶; 李娜; 张洁; 康文斌

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨机器人冠状动脉旁路移植并支架植入“杂交”手术围手术期的护理。方法对2007年1月-2013年9月收治的行机器人冠状动脉旁路移植术患者分阶段做好健康教育,根据治疗流程分别做好各阶段专科护理。术前主要控制心绞痛的发作及加强肺功能锻炼,术后早期做好血流动力学监测及引流液的观察,同时加强肺部、疼痛及抗凝护理。在行经皮冠状动脉介入治疗( PCI )术前做好强化抗凝治疗,PCI术后主要观察心、肾功能情况,做好饮水指导,防止发生造影剂肾损伤,同时做好穿刺局部伤口的观察与护理,预防并发症发生。结果本研究无手术死亡病例,围手术期无并发症发生。术毕患者循环稳定,恢复顺利。术后第2天患者即下地活动。患者平均住ICU时间(37.8±5.6) h。患者支架置入术中造影检查未发现旁路血管狭窄,支架置入术后3~5d出院,无心血管事件发生。结论全面做好围手术期护理是机器人冠状动脉旁路移植并支架植入“杂交”手术患者顺利康复的有效保障。  毕患者循环稳定,恢复顺利。术后第2天患者即下地活动。患者平均住ICU时间(37.8±5.6) h。患者支架置入术中造影检查未发现旁路血管狭窄,支架置入术后3~5d出院,无心血管事件发生。结论全面做好围手术期护理是机器人冠状动脉旁路移植并支架植入“杂交”手术患者顺利康复的有效保障。%Objective This study described our experience on perioperative nursing care for hybrid revascularization by endoscopic robotic coronary artery bypass on the beating heart with percutaneous coronary intervention ( PCI) in a staged approach .Methods Patients undergoing hybrid coronary revascularization from January 2007 to September 2013 were included in the study .The progressive patient care was different compared with conventional

  8. Very high coronary artery calcium score with normal myocardial perfusion SPECT imaging is associated with a moderate incidence of severe coronary artery disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yuoness, Salem A.; Goha, Ahmed M.; Romsa, Jonathan G.; Akincioglu, Cigdem; Warrington, James C.; Datta, Sudip; Gambhir, Sanjay; Urbain, Jean-Luc C.; Vezina, William C. [London Health Sciences Centre, Department of Nuclear Medicine, London, ON (Canada); Massel, David R. [London Health Sciences Centre, Division of Cardiology, London, ON (Canada); Martell, Rafael [Private Practice, London, ON (Canada)

    2015-09-15

    Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) has limitations in the presence of balanced multivessel disease (MVD) and left main (LM) coronary artery disease, occasionally resulting in false-normal results despite the high cardiovascular risk associated with this condition. The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence of severe coronary artery disease (CAD) in the presence of a very high Agatston coronary artery calcium (CAC) score (>1,000) in stable symptomatic patients without known CAD but with normal MPI results. A total of 2,659 prospectively acquired consecutive patients were referred for MPI and evaluation of CAC score by CT. Of this patient population, 8 % (222/2,659) had ischemia without myocardial infarction (MI) on MPI and 11 % (298/2,659) had abnormal MPI (MI and/or ischemia). On presentation 1 % of the patients (26/2,659) were symptomatic, had a CAC score >1,000 and normal MPI results. The definition of normal MPI was strict and included a normal hemodynamic response without ischemic ECG changes and normal imaging, particularly absence of transient ischemic dilation. All of these 26 patients with a CAC score >1,000 and normal MPI findings underwent cardiac catheterization. Of these 26 patients, 58 % (15/26) had severe disease (≥70 % stenosis) leading to revascularization. Of this group, 47 % (7/15) underwent percutaneous intervention, and 53 % (8/15) underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. All of these 15 patients had either MVD (14/15) or LM coronary artery disease (1/15), and represented 0.6 % (15/2,659) of all referred patients (95 % CI 0.3 - 0.9 %). The majority, 90 % (8/9), had severe CAD with typical chest pain. A very high CAC score (>1,000) with normal MPI in a small subset of symptomatically stable patients was associated with a moderate incidence of severe CAD (95 % CI 37 - 77 %). Larger studies and/or a meta-analysis of small studies are needed to more precisely estimate the incidence of CAD in this population. This study also supports

  9. Mesenchymal stem cells improve medullary inflammation and fibrosis after revascularization of swine atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Behzad Ebrahimi

    Full Text Available Atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS raises blood pressure and can reduce kidney function. Revascularization of the stenotic renal artery alone does not restore renal medullary structure and function. This study tested the hypothesis that addition of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC to percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA can restore stenotic-kidney medullary tubular transport function and attenuate its remodeling. Twenty-seven swine were divided into three ARAS (high-cholesterol diet and renal artery stenosis and a normal control group. Six weeks after ARAS induction, two groups were treated with PTRA alone or PTRA supplemented with adipose-tissue-derived MSC (10 × 10(6 cells intra-renal. Multi-detector computed tomography and blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD MRI studies were performed 4 weeks later to assess kidney hemodynamics and function, and tissue collected a few days later for histology and micro-CT imaging. PTRA effectively decreased blood pressure, yet medullary vascular density remained low. Addition of MSC improved medullary vascularization in ARAS+PTRA+MSC and increased angiogenic signaling, including protein expression of vascular endothelial growth-factor, its receptor (FLK-1, and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α. ARAS+PTRA+MSC also showed attenuated inflammation, although oxidative-stress remained elevated. BOLD-MRI indicated that MSC normalized oxygen-dependent tubular response to furosemide (-4.3 ± 0.9, -0.1 ± 0.4, -1.6 ± 0.9 and -3.6 ± 1.0 s(-1 in Normal, ARAS, ARAS+PTRA and ARAS+PTRA+MSC, respectively, p<0.05, which correlated with a decrease in medullary tubular injury score (R(2 = 0.33, p = 0.02. Therefore, adjunctive MSC delivery in addition to PTRA reduces inflammation, fibrogenesis and vascular remodeling, and restores oxygen-dependent tubular function in the stenotic-kidney medulla, although additional interventions might be required to reduce oxidative-stress. This study supports development of

  10. CLINICAL PROGRESS IN CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFT%冠状动脉搭桥术的临床应用进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚建民; 成杞润

    2001-01-01

    Conventional coronary artery bypass graft performed through median sternotomy with hypothermic extracorporeal circulation and saphenous vein grafts is both saft and effective.To reduce perioperative morbidity further,and promote earlier hospital discharge and long-term graft patency rate,great efforts have ben recently made in coronary surgery.we reviewed the literature relevent to clinical progress in minimally invasive coronary bypass graft,total arterial revascularization and coronary operation in advanced age,and discussed their surgical indications,operative techniques and clinical results.Studies about off pump,thoracoscope or axial flow pump-assisted myocardial revacularization have demonstrated favourable results such as reduced systemic inflammatory respones,avoiding ischemia-prefusion injury,lower cost and shorter hospital stay.Clinical practice also showed that patients who received two arterial graft or total arterial revascularization had decreased risk of death,reoperation and angioplasty,and that advanced age in and of itself should not be a contraindication to an coronary bypass operation,although morbidity,mortality and cost may be higher.

  11. Correlation of invasive central arterial pressure with peripheral arterial pressure and coronary sclerosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴琪

    2013-01-01

    Objective To study the consistency among non-invasive and invasive brachial artery pressure,radial artery pressure and invasive central arterial pressure,and to explore the correlation between the severe degree of coronary artery disease and invasive central aortic pressure.

  12. Factors influencing delay time and coronary arterial density during coronary angiography with DSCT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lijun Tang; Xiaomei Zhu; Yi Xu; Tongfu Yu; Hai Xu; Jinhua Tang; Dehang Wang (Dept. of Radiology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical Univ., Nanjing, Jiangsu (China)), e-mail: wangdehang@hotmail.com; Dogra, Vikram (Dept. of Radiology, Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States))

    2011-02-15

    Background: CT angiography (CTA) plays an important role in diagnosing coronary arterial disease. Delay time and density of the coronary arteries related with patient-specific factors are essential for getting an optimal CTA image. Purpose: To investigate various factors influencing delay time and coronary arterial density during coronary CTA with dual source CT. Material and Methods: One hundred and sixteen consecutive subjects who underwent cardiac DSCT with retrospective ECG-gating were included. Factors including gender, age, height, weight, transversal cardiac diameter (TCD), transversal thoracic diameter (TTD), heart rate (HR), body surface area (BSA = [weight x height/3600]1/2) and cardiothoracic ratio (CTR = TCD/TTD) were recorded, measured and calculated before administration of contrast media during coronary CT angiography. Delay time was determined as duration from the beginning of the injection to the density in the descending aorta at the level of right main pulmonary artery reaching a threshold of 100 HU. Coronary arterial density was measured at the mid portion of the right coronary artery. Regression analysis and stepwise regression analysis were used to investigate the influence of these factors on delay time and coronary arterial density. Results: Delay time decreased with an increasing HR and it was shorter in women than men. Delay time increased with an increasing TCD. Delay time could be predicted by the formula: DT = 16.651-0.110 x HR + 1.902 x gender + 0.394 x TCD (where DT is abbreviation for delay time, gender is 0 for women and 1 for men). Coronary arterial density decreased with an increasing HR and weight. Coronary arterial density could be predicted by the formula: CAD = 923.42-4.099 x HR-3.293 x weight (CAD = coronary arterial density). There was no relationship between the other factors mentioned above and delay time or coronary arterial density. Conclusion: Delay time is influenced by HR, gender and TCD. Coronary arterial density

  13. Direct communication between the left circumflex and the right coronary arteries: a very rare coronary anomaly circulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Marcos Danillo Peixoto; Cavalcanti, Rafael R César; Kajita, Alexandre H; Miranda, Thais; Kajita, Luiz J; Horta, Pedro E; Ribeiro, Expedito E; Lemos, Pedro Alves

    2016-02-01

    Coronary artery anomalies (CAA) are congenital changes in their origin, course, and/or structure. Intercoronary communication (ICC) is a very rare subset with uni- or bidirectional blood flow between two or more coronary arteries. We present the case of a 58-year-old man with an acute coronary syndrome whose coronary angiography incidentally showed a surprising and very rare communication between the right coronary and left circumflex arteries.

  14. 急性心肌梗死合并多支病变患者急诊经皮冠状动脉介入治疗后不同血运重建策略的疗效和经济学评估%Evaluation of different revascularization strategies for patients with acute myocardial infarction with lesions of multiple coronary arteries after primary percutaneous coronary intervention and its economic evaluation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晶; 王庆胜; 杨红梅; 马利祥; 傅向华; 侯卫静; 冯建双; 刘晓媛

    2015-01-01

    由于B组non-IRA血运重建率较低,故B组随访24个月时β受体阻滞剂和硝酸酯类药物使用率明显高于A组〔59.2%(126/213)比47.0%(101/215,χ2=6.371,P=0.012;52.6%(112/213)比16.7%(36/215),χ2=60.748,P=0.000〕。结论 AMI合并MVD患者在成功行急诊干预IRA后,近期预防性干预non-IRA,尽管可明显降低再发心绞痛、心因性再住院的风险,但并不能降低再发心梗和心因性死亡的风险,同时明显增加了支架植入数和总医疗费用。%ObjectiveTo investigate the effect and medical cost of different revascularization strategies for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients with multi-vessel disease (MVD).Methods A prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted. From January 2009 to June 2012, patients with AMI and MVD undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were enrolled. They were randomly assigned to group A [staged PCI for non-infarction related artery (non-IRA) within 7-10 days after AMI] and group B (subsequent PCI for non-IRA recommended only for those with evidence of ischemia). All of patients were given optimized medical therapy according to clinical guideline, and they were followed up for 24 months at regular intervals. Major adverse cardiovascular events(MACE) including recurrence of myocardial infarction and death due to cardiac ailments were recorded. Meanwhile, re-hospitalization from cardiac causes, recurrence of angina, heart failure, and re-PCI, number of stents, total hospital stay days, and total medical expenditure were recorded.Results A total of 428 patients accomplished the 24-month follow up. All the patients underwgennt PCI for non-IRA in group A (215 patients), while 62 patients in group B (213 patients) undergone PCI for myocardial ischemia, and 51 patients received non-IRA treatment. There was no significant difference in MACE incidence between group A and group B [8.4% (18/215) vs. 10.8% (23/213),χ2

  15. The Importance of Patency in Patients with Critical Limb Ischemia undergoing Endovascular Revascularization for Infrapopliteal Arterial Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frederic eBaumann

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Critical limb ischemia (CLI represents the most severe form of peripheral arterial disease (PAD and frequently occurs in medically frail patients. CLI patients frequently exhibit multi-segmental PAD commonly including the tibial arterial segment. Endovascular therapy has been established as first-line revascularization strategy for most CLI patients. Restenosis was reported to occur in up to more than two thirds of CLI patients undergoing angioplasty of complex tibial arterial obstructions. Nevertheless, favourable clinical outcomes were observed for infrapopopliteal angioplasty when compared with bypass surgery despite higher patency rates for the latter. Based on these observations, infrapopliteal patency was considered to be only of secondary importance upon clinical outcomes in CLI patients. In contrast to these earlier observations, however, recent findings from two randomized clinical trials indicate that infrapopliteal patency does impact on clinical outcomes in CLI patients. Purpose of the present manuscript is to provide a critical reappraisal of the present literature on the clinical importance of tibial arterial patency in CLI patients undergoing endovascular revascularization and to discuss utility and limitations of currently available anti-restenosis technologies.

  16. Anomalous Origin of the Left Coronary Artery from the Pulmonary Artery: Report of an Adult Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celso K. Takimura

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available We report the clinical findings, pathophysiology, diagnostic characteristics, and surgical repair of anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery in a 26-year-old female patient with a clinical diagnosis of coronary heart disease.

  17. Coronary artery bypass grafting in Takayasu's disease--importance of the proximal anastomosis: a case report

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuijer, A.; Oosterhout, M.F. van; Kloppenburg, G.T.; Morshuis, W.J.

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Treatment of coronary artery involvement in Takayasu's arteritis is challenging. Coronary artery bypass grafting may be required. The use of saphenous vein grafts is recommended because of possible inflammatory involvement of the internal thoracic arteries. However, inserting the proxi

  18. Syphilitic Coronary Artery Ostial Stenosis Resulting in Acute Myocardial Infarction Treated by Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo A. Nakazone

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Cardiovascular abnormalities are well-known manifestations of tertiary syphilis infections which although not frequent, are still causes of morbidity and mortality. A less common manifestation of syphilitic aortitis is coronary artery ostial narrowing related to aortic wall thickening. We report a case of a 46-year-old male admitted due to acute anterior ST elevation myocardial infarction submitted to primary percutaneous coronary intervention successfully. Coronary angiography showed a suboccluded ostial lesion of left main coronary artery. VDRL was titrated to 1/512. The patient was discharged with treatment including benzathine penicillin. Previous case reports of acute myocardial infarction in association with syphilitic coronary artery ostial stenosis have been reported, but the fact that the patient was treated by percutaneous coronary intervention is unique in this case.

  19. Multiple giant coronary aneurysms arising from coronary istula to the pulmonary artery revealed in aorta CT angiography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, Eun Ju; Lee, Ki Nam [Dept. of Radiology, Dong A University Hospital, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Jong Min [Dept. of Radiology, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Kyungpook National University College of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-12-15

    Coronary fistula is a rare coronary abnormality through which blood drains into the cardiac chamber, great vessel or other vessels. In addition, giant aneurysm arising from coronary fistula is rare pathologic manifestation. Herein, we presented a rare case of multiple giant coronary artery aneurysms arising from coronary to pulmonary artery fistula in a 79-year-old woman presenting with sudden loss of consciousness. The aneurysms were detected using thoracic computed tomography angiography and consequently confirmed by invasive coronary angiography.

  20. Coronary arterial complications after percutaneous coronary intervention in Behçet’s disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kinoshita T

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Toshio Kinoshita,1 Shinichiro Fujimoto,1 Yukio Ishikawa,2 Hitomi Yuzawa,1 Shunji Fukunaga,1 Mikihito Toda,3 Kenji Wagatsuma,3 Yoshikiyo Akasaka,2 Toshiharu Ishii,2 Takanori Ikeda11Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, 2Department of Pathology, 3Division of Interventional Cardiology, Toho University Faculty of Medicine, Ohta City, Tokyo, JapanAbstract: Behçet’s disease is a multisystemic vascular inflammatory disease, but concurrent cardiac diseases, such as acute myocardial infarction, are rare. Several complications may arise after coronary intervention for coronary lesions that interfere with treatment, and the incidence of coronary arterial complications due to invasive therapy remains unclear. Further, the long-term outcomes in patients with Behçet’s disease after stenting for acute myocardial infarction have not been described. The present report describes a 35-year-old Japanese man with Behçet’s disease who developed acute myocardial infarction. A coronary aneurysm developed at the stenting site of the left anterior descending coronary artery, along with stenosis in the left anterior descending segment proximal to the site. Although invasive therapy was considered, medication including immunosuppressants was selected because of the high risk of vascular complications after invasive therapy. The coronary artery disease has remained asymptomatic for the 4 years since the patient started medication. This case underscores the importance of considering the incidence of coronary arterial complications and of conservative treatment when possible.Keywords: Behçet’s disease, myocardial infarction, coronary arterial complications, percutaneous coronary intervention, immunosuppressants

  1. Hepatitis C virus infection and risk of coronary artery disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roed, Torsten; Lebech, Anne-Mette; Kjaer, Andreas

    2012-01-01

    Several chronic infections have been associated with cardiovascular diseases, including Chlamydia pneumoniae, human immunodeficiency virus and viral hepatitis. This review evaluates the literature on the association between chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and the risk of coronary artery...

  2. [Psychoprophylaxis in patients after coronary artery bypass graft operations].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rymaszewska, Joanna; Chładzińska-Kiejna, Sylwia; Górna, Renata; Kustrzycki, Wojciech

    2004-05-01

    The paper presented problems of quality of life and psychosocial functioning of patients following coronary artery bypass grafting operations. Possibilities of psychoprophylactic effects towards these patients and its efficacy were described.

  3. Multiple coronary arterial loops as a cause of myocardial ischemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bashour, Tali T.; Mansour, Nagi N.; Lee, Damon

    1993-01-01

    A case of long-standing angina with ischemia documented by exercise testing and thallium scintigraphy in a patient who had multiple proximal loops in all three major coronary arteries in the absence of luminal stenosis, is reported.

  4. Antiplatelet therapy at the time of coronary artery bypass grafting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kremke, Michael; Tang, Mariann; Bak, Mikkel;

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this multicentre cohort study was to examine the relationship between antiplatelet therapy (APT) at the time of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and postoperative bleeding complications, transfusion requirements and adverse cardiovascular events. METHODS: A matched...

  5. Use of Anticoagulants and Antiplatelet Agents in Stable Outpatients with Coronary Artery Disease and Atrial Fibrillation. International CLARIFY Registry.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Fauchier

    Full Text Available Few data are available regarding the use of antithrombotic strategies in coronary artery disease patients with atrial fibrillation (AF in everyday practice. We sought to describe the prevalence of AF and its antithrombotic management in a contemporary population of patients with stable coronary artery disease.CLARIFY is an international, prospective, longitudinal registry of outpatients with stable coronary artery disease, defined as prior (≥12 months myocardial infarction, revascularization procedure, coronary stenosis >50%, or chest pain associated with evidence of myocardial ischemia. Overall, 33,428 patients were screened, of whom 32,954 had data available for analysis at baseline; of these 2,229 (6.7% had a history of AF. Median (interquartile range CHA2DS2-VASc score was 4 (3, 5. Oral anticoagulation alone was used in 25.7%, antiplatelet therapy alone in 52.8% (single 41.8%, dual 11.0%, and both in 21.5%. OAC use was independently associated with permanent AF (p<0.001, CHA2DS2-VASc score (p=0.006, pacemaker (p<0.001, stroke (p=0.04, absence of angina (p=0.004, decreased left ventricular ejection fraction (p<0.001, increased waist circumference (p=0.005, and longer history of coronary artery disease (p=0.008. History of percutaneous coronary intervention (p=0.004 and no/partial reimbursement for cardiovascular medication (p=0.01, p<0.001, respectively were associated with reduced oral anticoagulant use.In this contemporary cohort of patients with stable coronary artery disease and AF, most of whom are theoretical candidates for anticoagulation, oral anticoagulants were used in only 47.2%. Half of the patients received antiplatelet therapy alone and one-fifth received both antiplatelets and oral anticoagulants. Efforts are needed to improve adherence to guidelines in these patients.ISRCTN registry of clinical trials: ISRCTN43070564.

  6. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection as a cause of myocardial infarction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Aytekin; Aksakal; U?ur; Arslan; Mehmet; Yaman; Mehmet; Urumda?; Ahmet; Hakan; Ate?

    2014-01-01

    Spontaneous coronary artery dissection(SCAD) is a rare disease that is usually seen in young women in left descending coronary artery and result in events like sudden cardiac death and acute myocardial infarction. A 70-year-old man was admitted to the emergency department with chest pain which started 1 h ago during a relative’s funeral. The initial electrocardiography demonstrated 2 mm ST-segment depression in leads V1-V3 and the patient underwent emergent coronary angiography. SCAD simultaneously in two different coronary arteries [left anterior descending(LAD) artery and left circumflex(LCx)] artery was detected and SCAD in LCx artery was causing total occlusion which resulted in acute myocardial infarction. Successful stenting was performed thereafter for both lesions. In addition to the existence of SCAD simultaneously in two different coronary arteries, the presence of muscular bridge and SCAD together at the same site of the LAD artery was another interesting point which made us report this case.

  7. Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty with stenting for proximal left anterior descending coronary artery disease?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Drenth, Derk Jan

    2005-01-01

    This thesis describes and discusses the results of a prospective randomized controlled clinical trial comparing percutaneous coronary angioplasty with stenting (stenting) and off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting with a left internal mammary artery (surgery) in patients with a high-grade stenosis

  8. Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty with stenting for proximal left anterior descending coronary artery disease?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Drenth, Derk Jan

    2005-01-01

    This thesis describes and discusses the results of a prospective randomized controlled clinical trial comparing percutaneous coronary angioplasty with stenting (stenting) and off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting with a left internal mammary artery (surgery) in patients with a high-grade stenosis

  9. Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection following Topical Hormone Replacement Therapy

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a rare condition, usually presenting as an acute coronary syndrome, and is often seen in states associated with high systemic estrogen levels such as pregnancy or oral contraceptive use. While topical hormonal replacement therapy may result in increased estrogen levels similar to those documented with oral contraceptive use, there are no reported cases of spontaneous coronary dissection with topical hormonal replacement therapy. We describe a 53-year...

  10. The clinical application of clopidogrel in current coronary artery surgery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yangyang Zhang; Kejiang Cao

    2008-01-01

    The article presents an overview of the current clinical application of clopidogrel in coronary artery surgery. The viewpoint is that clopidogrel can reduce preoperative and postoperative ischemic events of coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG). With the development of standardized medication and the corresponding preventive technique, it will be of great value to reduce hemorrhage complications and obtain the maximum benefit from clopidogrel' s anti-platelet properties.

  11. Risk stratification of coronary artery disease in asymptomatic diabetic subjects using multidetector computed tomography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimabukuro, Michio; Saito, Taro; Higa, Toru; Nakamura, Keita; Masuzaki, Hiroaki; Sata, Masataka

    2015-01-01

    Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) show a greater risk for coronary artery disease (CAD), but the risk stratification in asymptomatic CAD patients has not been established. This study investigated the prevalence and severity for asymptomatic CAD and predictors in T2DM patients. In a multiclinic group, diabetic patients (320 men, 186 women) without known symptoms suggestive of CAD were recruited for multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). Patients were categorized according to severity of coronary atherosclerosis: Grade 1 (normal findings), Grade 2 (mild atherosclerosis without significant stenosis), Grade 3 (moderate stenosis/atherosclerosis, 50-74% stenosis), Grade 4 (moderate stenosis/atherosclerosis, 75-89% stenosis), Grade 5 (severe stenosis/atherosclerosis, ≥90% stenosis). The trend for severity grade of CAD was slightly higher in men than women (P=0.054). For critical lesions (combined Grades 3-5), the prevalence was almost equal (men 44% vs. women 37%; P=0.113). Multivariate models showed that in men, HbA1c≥7.4%, dyslipidemia, duration of diabetes, retinopathy, and other type of cardiovascular diseases were predictors of critical lesions and in women, duration of diabetes and retinopathy were predictors. The prevalence and severity of asymptomatic CAD are comparably high in men and women with T2DM. Risk stratification by using MDCT might be useful to predict asymptomatic coronary lesions requiring coronary revascularization.

  12. Markers of inflammation before and after coronary artery bypass grafting and the effectiveness of statins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O.J. Zharinov

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the review is to summarize contemporary views on mechanisms of the systemic inflammation in patients with coronary heart disease after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG. The information about the prognostic value of activation of the inflammatory markers, such as C-reactive protein (CRP, interleukin-6 (IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF is provided. It is shown that elevated levels of high-sensitive CRP before CABG and high levels of TNF and IL-6 during postoperation period may be associated with hemodynamic disorders and increasing the frequency of early complications and more likely occurrence of restenosis at long-term follow-up. Therefore, the study of inflammatory markers may provide valuable information about short- and long-term prognosis after CABG. Statin medications reveal highly anti-inflammatory activity and reduce the risk of coronary events and atrial fibrillation after CABG surgery. The use of statins before and after revascularization surgery reduces the risk of acute coronary syndrome and the level of perioperative mortality by 30–42 %, and is effective for the prevention of complications within one year after CABG surgery.

  13. Acoustic Coupler for the Acquisition of Coronary Artery Murmurs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zimmermann, Niels Henrik; Schmidt, Samuel; Hansen, John

    The weak murmurs originating from stenosis in the coronary arteries can only be acquired with a dedicated coupler and system design. The aim of the study was to design and evaluate such a coupler. The suggested design is based on the use of a high quality microphone, coupled to the chest through...... that the sensor is suitable for recording of coronary murmurs....

  14. Aspects on the treatment of experimentally induced coronary artery disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.M. Sassen

    1990-01-01

    textabstractIn this thesis some therapeutic aspects of experimentally induced coronary artery disease are being highlighted. In chapter 2 the effects of the Ca2 • antagonist diltiazem on the progression of coronary and aortic atherosclerosis in pigs is being studied. So far, studies on the

  15. Risk stratification of patients suspected of coronary artery disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jesper Møller; Voss, Mette; Hansen, Vibeke B;

    2012-01-01

    To compare the performance of five risk models (Diamond-Forrester, the updated Diamond-Forrester, Morise, Duke, and a new model designated COronary Risk SCORE (CORSCORE) in predicting significant coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with chest pain suggestive of stable angina pectoris....

  16. Coronary artery fly-through using electron beam computed tomography

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Ooijen, P M; Oudkerk, M; van Geuns, R J; Rensing, B J; de Feyter, P J

    2000-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Virtual reality techniques have recently been introduced into clinical medicine. This study examines the possibility of coronary artery fly-through using a dataset obtained by noninvasive coronary angiography with contrast-enhanced electron-beam computed tomography. METHODS AND RESULTS:

  17. Coronary Artery Fly-Through Using Electron Beam Computed Tomography

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.M.A. van Ooijen (Peter); M. Oudkerk (Matthijs); R.J.M. van Geuns (Robert Jan); B.J.W.M. Rensing (Benno); P.J. de Feyter (Pim)

    2000-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND: Virtual reality techniques have recently been introduced into clinical medicine. This study examines the possibility of coronary artery fly-through using a dataset obtained by noninvasive coronary angiography with contrast-enhanced electron-beam computed tom

  18. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection: complete angiographic resolution without stenting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Abizaid

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available A case of spontaneous coronary artery dissection in a 49-year-oldwoman is presented. She did not present the classical cardiovascular riskfactors. Etiology and treatment are discussed. She underwent primarypercutaneous coronary intervention of the left anterior descendingartery with no stenting and had complete angiographic resolution.

  19. Recurrent Syncope Attributed to Left Main Coronary Artery Severe Stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Min Li

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS rarely manifest as recurrent syncope due to malignant ventricular arrhythmia. We report a case of a 56-year-old Chinese male with complaints of paroxysmal chest burning sensation and distress for 2 weeks as well as loss of consciousness for 3 days. The electrocardiogram (ECG revealed paroxysmal multimorphologic ventricular tachycardia during attack and normal heart rhythm during intervals. Coronary angiograph showed 90% stenosis in left main coronary artery and 80% stenosis in anterior descending artery. Two stents sized 4.0*18 mm and 2.75*18 mm were placed at left main coronary artery and anterior descending artery, respectively, during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI. The patient was discharged and never had ventricular arrhythmia again during a 3-month follow-up since the PCI. This indicated that ventricular tachycardia was correlated with persistent severe myocardial ischemia. Coronary vasospasm was highly suspected to be the reason of the sudden attack and acute exacerbation. PCI is recommended in patients with both severe coronary artery stenosis and ventricular arrhythmia. Removing myocardial ischemia may stop or relieve ventricular arrhythmia and prevent cardiac arrest.

  20. Low prevalence of significant carotid artery disease in Iranian patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karimi Fatemeh

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Coronary artery bypass grafting ranks as one of the most frequent operations worldwide. The presence of carotid artery stenosis may increase the stroke rate in the perioperative period. Routine preoperative noninvasive assessment of the carotid arteries are recommended in many institutions to reduce the stroke rate. Methods 271 consecutive patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting at Shaheed Madani hospital of Tabriz, Iran (age, 58.5 Y; 73.1% male underwent preoperative ultrasonography for assessment of carotid artery wall thickness. Results Plaque in right common, left common, right internal and left internal carotid arteries was detected in 4.8%, 7.4%, 43.2% and 42.1% of patients respectively. 5 patients (1.8% had significant ( Conclusion Consecutive Iranian patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass surgery show a very low prevalence of significant carotid artery disease.

  1. A case of anomalous coronary artery origin: The role of computerised tomography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeeva John

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To illustrate the utility of CT coronary angiography in the assessment of patients with anomalous coronary arteries. Methods: A 65-year-old woman who presented with a clinical history of unstable angina was investigated with both computerised tomography and invasive coronary angiography. Results: Coronary angiography demonstrated aberrant coronary arteries all arising from separate ostia from the right coronary cusp. Computerised tomography coronary angiography was required to confirm the course of the aberrant coronary arteries in relation to other cardiovascular structures. Conclusions: This case illustrates the important role of computerised tomography coronary angiography and that early use might avoid the need for invasive coronary angiography.

  2. Risk of coronary artery involvement in Kawasaki disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soriano-Ramos, María; Martínez-Del Val, Elena; Negreira Cepeda, Sagrario; González-Tomé, María I; Cedena Romero, Pilar; Fernández-Cooke, Elisa; Albert de la Torre, Leticia; Blázquez-Gamero, Daniel

    2016-04-01

    Kawasaki disease refers to systemic vasculitis with risk of coronary artery disease. Our objective is to identify risk factors associated with coronary artery disease in patients with complete and incomplete Kawasaki disease. Descriptive, retrospective study conducted in patients diagnosed with Kawasaki disease in a tertiary-care hospital between 2008 and 2014. The American Heart Association diagnostic criteria were used to define complete and incomplete Kawasaki disease. Thirty-one children were diagnosed with Kawasaki disease; 24 met the criteria for the complete form, and 7, for the incomplete form of this condition. Five had coronary artery disease. One of them had incomplete Kawasaki disease (1/7= 14.3%), and the remaining four had the complete form (4/24= 16.7%). No significant differences were found between both groups (p= 1.0). Patients with coronary artery involvement had a higher C-reactive protein level (median: 16.2 mg/dL versus 8.4 mg/dL, p= 0.047) and lower albuminemia (median: 3.2 mg/dL versus 3.99 mg/dL, p= 0.002). The risk of coronary artery involvement in incomplete Kawasaki disease is similar to that in complete Kawasaki disease; therefore, in patients with the incomplete form, immunoglobulin therapy should not be delayed. In our population, C-reactive protein and albumin levels were related to a higher risk of coronary artery involvement. Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría.

  3. Detection of coronary artery disease with MCG.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hailer, B; Van Leeuwen, P

    2004-11-30

    The diagnosis of cardiac ischemia related to coronary artery disease (CAD) is a clinical challenge. Despite many methods clinically available, the predictive value of each is still limited. Magnetocardiography (MCG) offers new insights in the electrogenesis of the disease. In the last decade a number of studies using biomagnetometers have dealt with the identification of CAD patients using coronary angiography as a gold standard. As the availability of these systems is limited, studies have focused either on exercise-induced ischemia or on chronic ischemia and the infarct scar at rest. Different parameters have been developed based on signal morphology, time intervals, source parameters or magnetic field map analysis. Concerning signal morphology, main work concentrates on ST-depression, ST-T signal amplitude as well as QRS and ST-T integrals. Dealing with time intervals, most studies focus on the QT interval. The evaluation of of QT dispersion spatially in the MCG, reflecting regional heterogeneity of repolarization, improved the identification of CAD patients. Besides the calculation of the equivalent current dipole during de- and repolarization, parameters of the magnetic field orientation were used to identify CAD patients and localize exercise-induced ischemic regions. Heart rate adjusted alteration in the magnetic field orientation allowed the quantification of ischemia-induced changes in MCG. The estimation of current density (CDV) further enabled to separate healthy subjects from CAD patients at rest. In the course of interventional therapy CDV maps returned toward that of healthy subjects.Thus, there is justification for routine clinical use of the MCG in the diagnosis of CAD.

  4. CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE IN INDIAN WOMEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed Umar Farooque

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among women regardless of race or ethnicity accounting for deaths of 1 in 3 women. The aim of the study is to identify the important risk factors contributing to the coronary artery disease in Indian women. MATERIALS AND METHODS Study conducted on 120 women patients of age >40 yrs. visiting a female outpatient department of Jawahar Lal Nehru Medical College, Bhagalpur, who presented with complaints related to CAD cases diagnosed from the electrocardiogram findings, clinical features and biochemical marker as per World Health Organization guidelines. RESULTS 50-59 years age group is most effected group in study with 44.2%. Most of the women are of postmenopausal age group. The maximum number of cases was seen in upper lower socioeconomic status (37.5% followed by lower (19.2%. CAD incidence was minimum in upper class. Chest pain was the main complaint in patients, next in frequency was sweating and followed by breathlessness. The major risk factors in the study group were hypertension (74.1, diabetes (63.3, sedentary habits (49.1, stress (34.2, family history (29.2 and tobacco consumption (21.8. 25 patients had obesity and 54 peoples were overweight. In our study, 48 patients had 3 children, 19 had more than 3 children. 61.7% of the patients are with hypercholesterolaemia, which most of the patients found with 2 vessel block is most common blocks observed. CONCLUSION Despite this delay in onset, mortality from coronary heart disease is increasing more rapidly among women than men.

  5. RELATIONS OF ENDOTHELIAL FUNCTION AND BLOOD FLOW IN BRACHIAL ARTERY AND CORONARY ARTERY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙寅光; 沈卫峰; 施仲伟; 张大东

    2003-01-01

    Objective To determine the relations between endothelium dependent vasodilator function and blood flow in the brachial and coronary arteries in patients with suspected coronary artery disease.MethodsTwenty eight patients with suspected coronary artery disease underwent brachial artery endothelial function test by using high resolution B mode ultrasound before coronary angiography (CAG) and coronary flow reserve (CFR) test by using intracoronary Doppler technique. The correlation of coronary artery dilatation induced by an increase in blood flow after intracoronary adenosine infusion and brachial artery flow mediated dilatation (FMD) following reactive hyperemia was evaluated. The relation between the change of brachial artery blood flow and CFR was also studied.ResultsThere was a positive correlation between brachial FMD and percent change of coronary diameter after adenosine infusion (12.50%±9.35% vs 11.38%±7.55%, r=0.425,P=0.02). There was also a weak negative relation between brachial flow change following reactive hyperemia and CFR (r=0.397, P=0.04).ConclusionThere is a correlation between the coronary endothelial function and the CFR by ultrasonic determination of brachial flow changes following reactive hyperemia.

  6. Right pulmonary artery agenesis and coronary-to-bronchial artery aneurysm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Dominicis, Florence; Leborgne, Laurent; Raymond, Alexandre; Berna, Pascal

    2011-03-01

    Isolated unilateral pulmonary artery agenesis is a rare congenital anomaly that may be complicated with hemoptysis, recurrent pulmonary infections or pulmonary hypertension. To our knowledge the occurrence of a coronary syndrome associated with a coronary-to-bronchial artery saccular aneurysmal collateralization has never been described before. A 44-year-old female presented a congenital right pulmonary artery agenesis associated with a hypotrophic and multicystic right lung complicated with recurrent bronchitis. This patient had a coronary syndrome for which the coronary artery imaging showed a coronary-to-bronchial artery collateralization with an aneurysm at this level. It gives rise to a coronary syndrome by coronary steal. Two bronchial collaterals arising from a diaphragmatic artery and the subclavian artery were also found on the computed tomography (CT)-scan. This last collateral also showed another saccular aneurysm. We first performed an embolization of those two aneurysms in order to decrease the risk of hemorrhage and coronary steal, before performing a right pneumonectomy. In this case, the surgery was indicated because of the pathological lung and the risk of postembolization ischaemia. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was doing well six months later.

  7. Global metabolic optimality in the structure of the coronary arteries

    CERN Document Server

    Keelan, Jonathan; Hague, James P

    2014-01-01

    The structure of the large coronary arteries is both heritable and reasonably consistent between individuals, but the extent to which this results from evolutionary pressure towards an energy-efficient, globally-optimal, structure is unknown. We present an algorithm for the determination of an energetically globally optimal arterial tree in arbitrary tissue geometries. We demonstrate through application of the algorithm that it is possible to generate in-silico vasculatures that closely match porcine anatomical data on all length scales. We therefore conclude that evolutionary pressure has resulted in a near globally optimal structure of the larger coronary arteries. We also examine the effect of changing length scales, predicting that the structures of the coronary arteries can change from a meandering form for small animals to very straight vessels for large animals. The method presented here is not limited to hearts, and represents a major advance in modeling the arterial vasculature, that could have impor...

  8. Coronary Artery Development: Progenitor Cells and Differentiation Pathways

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Bikram; Chang, Andrew; Red-Horse, Kristy

    2017-01-01

    Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the number one cause of death worldwide and involves the accumulation of plaques within the artery wall that can occlude blood flow to the heart and cause myocardial infarction. The high mortality associated with CAD makes the development of medical interventions that repair and replace diseased arteries a high priority for the cardiovascular research community. Advancements in arterial regenerative medicine could benefit from a detailed understanding of coronary artery development during embryogenesis and of how these pathways might be reignited during disease. Recent research has advanced our knowledge on how the coronary vasculature is built and revealed unexpected features of progenitor cell deployment that may have implications for organogenesis in general. Here, we highlight these recent findings and discuss how they set the stage to interrogate developmental pathways during injury and disease. PMID:27959616

  9. Cost-effectiveness of new cardiac and vascular rehabilitation strategies for patients with coronary artery disease.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Spronk

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD often hinders the cardiac rehabilitation program. The aim of this study was evaluating the relative cost-effectiveness of new rehabilitation strategies which include the diagnosis and treatment of PAD in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD undergoing cardiac rehabilitation. DATA SOURCES: Best-available evidence was retrieved from literature and combined with primary data from 231 patients. METHODS: We developed a markov decision model to compare the following treatment strategies: 1. cardiac rehabilitation only; 2. ankle-brachial index (ABI if cardiac rehabilitation fails followed by diagnostic work-up and revascularization for PAD if needed; 3. ABI prior to cardiac rehabilitation followed by diagnostic work-up and revascularization for PAD if needed. Quality-adjusted-life years (QALYs, life-time costs (US $, incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICER, and gain in net health benefits (NHB in QALY equivalents were calculated. A threshold willingness-to-pay of $75,000 was used. RESULTS: ABI if cardiac rehabilitation fails was the most favorable strategy with an ICER of $44,251 per QALY gained and an incremental NHB compared to cardiac rehabilitation only of 0.03 QALYs (95% CI: -0.17, 0.29 at a threshold willingness-to-pay of $75,000/QALY. After sensitivity analysis, a combined cardiac and vascular rehabilitation program increased the success rate and would dominate the other two strategies with total lifetime costs of $30,246 a quality-adjusted life expectancy of 3.84 years, and an incremental NHB of 0.06 QALYs (95%CI:-0.24, 0.46 compared to current practice. The results were robust for other different input parameters. CONCLUSION: ABI measurement if cardiac rehabilitation fails followed by a diagnostic work-up and revascularization for PAD if needed are potentially cost-effective compared to cardiac rehabilitation only.

  10. [Exrercise tolerance in patients with coronary artery disease after coronary artery stenting].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tseluyko, V; Kreyndel, K; Vashakidze, Z

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the research is to investigate the impact of coronary stenting on exercise tolerance after 4-8 week and after 12-15 months. The study involved total 90 patients with coronary artery disease, who underwent coronary stenting. All patients underwent clinical examination, including an assessment of their condition, the frequency of angina attacks, echocardioscopy, resting ECG was recorded in all the patients in the standard 12 -lead veloergometry. Statistical processing was performed using Statistica 6.0 for Windows, the method of Wald - Wolfowitz . Data are presented as arithmetic means and error average M ± m. We used a statistical method of calculation - the median ranks (with the median calculated by the usual rules of statistics - the arithmetic mean of the central members of the ordered series). Significant differences were assessed by t-test . The level of significance was considered significant when p <0,05. According to the monitoring data of patients have a significant increase in exercise tolerance: threshold power increased by 63% and in 12-15 months by 58 % compared with the original. The duration of the test conducted after stenting increased by almost 2 -fold. In addition, significantly reduced the proportion of patients whose test results were evaluated as positive. Stenting of the coronary arteries after 4-8 weeks promotes the significant increase in exercise tolerance that persists after 12-15 months. The factors of associated with insufficient increase in exercise tolerance after stenting according veloergometry are: female gender, diabetes, smoking cessation further contributes to the increase in the threshold of physical activity.

  11. Computerized analysis of coronary artery disease: Performance evaluation of segmentation and tracking of coronary arteries in CT angiograms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhou, Chuan, E-mail: chuan@umich.edu; Chan, Heang-Ping; Chughtai, Aamer; Kuriakose, Jean; Agarwal, Prachi; Kazerooni, Ella A.; Hadjiiski, Lubomir M.; Patel, Smita; Wei, Jun [Department of Radiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

    2014-08-15

    Purpose: The authors are developing a computer-aided detection system to assist radiologists in analysis of coronary artery disease in coronary CT angiograms (cCTA). This study evaluated the accuracy of the authors’ coronary artery segmentation and tracking method which are the essential steps to define the search space for the detection of atherosclerotic plaques. Methods: The heart region in cCTA is segmented and the vascular structures are enhanced using the authors’ multiscale coronary artery response (MSCAR) method that performed 3D multiscale filtering and analysis of the eigenvalues of Hessian matrices. Starting from seed points at the origins of the left and right coronary arteries, a 3D rolling balloon region growing (RBG) method that adapts to the local vessel size segmented and tracked each of the coronary arteries and identifies the branches along the tracked vessels. The branches are queued and subsequently tracked until the queue is exhausted. With Institutional Review Board approval, 62 cCTA were collected retrospectively from the authors’ patient files. Three experienced cardiothoracic radiologists manually tracked and marked center points of the coronary arteries as reference standard following the 17-segment model that includes clinically significant coronary arteries. Two radiologists visually examined the computer-segmented vessels and marked the mistakenly tracked veins and noisy structures as false positives (FPs). For the 62 cases, the radiologists marked a total of 10191 center points on 865 visible coronary artery segments. Results: The computer-segmented vessels overlapped with 83.6% (8520/10191) of the center points. Relative to the 865 radiologist-marked segments, the sensitivity reached 91.9% (795/865) if a true positive is defined as a computer-segmented vessel that overlapped with at least 10% of the reference center points marked on the segment. When the overlap threshold is increased to 50% and 100%, the sensitivities were 86

  12. Plasminogen and fibrinogen plasma levels in coronary artery disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lima, Luciana Moreira; Carvalho, Maria das Graças; Sousa, Marinez de Oliveira

    2012-01-01

    Objective The formation of thrombi at the site of atherosclerotic lesions plays a central role in atherothrombosis. Impaired fibrinolysis may exacerbate pre-existing coronary artery disease and potentiate its evolution. While the fibrinogen plasma level has been strongly associated with the severity of coronary artery disease, its relevance in the evaluation of plasminogen in coronary artery disease patients remains unclear. This study evaluated fibrinogen and plasminogen levels in subjects with coronary artery disease as diagnosed by angiography. Methods This is a cross-sectional study. Blood samples obtained from 17 subjects with angiographically normal coronary arteries (controls), 12 with mild/moderate atheromatosis and 28 with severe atheromatosis were evaluated. Plasma plasminogen and fibrinogen levels were measured by chromogenic and coagulometric methods, respectively. Results Fibrinogen levels were significantly higher in the severe atheromatosis group compared to the other groups(p-value < 0.0001). A significant positive correlation was observed between the severity of coronary artery diseaseand increasing fibrinogen levels (r = 0.50; p-value < 0.0001) and between fibrinogen and plasminogen levels (r =0.46; p-value < 0.0001). There were no significant differences in the plasminogen levels between groups. Conclusion Plasma fibrinogen, but not plasminogen levels were higher in patients with coronary artery disease compared to angiographically normal subjects. The plasma fibrinogen levels also appear to be associated with the severity of the disease. The results of this study provide no evidence of a significant correlation between plasma plasminogen levels and the progress of coronary stenosis in the study population. PMID:23049444

  13. Two-vessel coronary artery dissection in the peripartum period. Case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madu, E C; Kosinski, D J; Wilson, W R; Burket, M W; Fraker, T D; Ansel, G M

    1994-09-01

    The authors report a case of early peripartum myocardial infarction resulting from spontaneous dissection of the left anterior descending coronary artery and right coronary artery in a twenty-four-year-old woman. This is the first report of double-vessel coronary dissection involving both the left and right coronary arteries diagnosed antemortem and successfully treated.

  14. Systematic comparison of the effectiveness of radial artery and saphenous vein or right internal thoracic artery coronary bypass grafts in non-left anterior descending coronary arteries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiang HU; Qiang ZHAO

    2011-01-01

    Coronary artery bypass grafting surgery is increasingly being carried out on patients with multi-vessel coronary artery disease, but the best grafting candidate for non-left antetior descending coronary arteries is unclear.This research sought to systematically compare the efficacies and safeties of coronary bypass with radial artery and other available grafts. A systematic literature retrieval was performed for all clinical trials comparing the outcomes of coronary artery bypass surgery with radial artery and other grafts in PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library.Seven eligible clinical studies, comparing radial artery and great saphenous vein grafts, were found between 1966 and 2010: one prospective non-randomized and six prospective randomized trials. The pooling analysis obtained a relative risk of 0.507 (P<0.05) of graft occlusion in radial arteries compared with great saphenous veins. There was a significantly lower infection rate in arms (i.e., harvest sites for radial arteries) relative to legs (harvest sites for veins), with a pooled relative risk of 0.140 (P<0.05). From the reports on mortality after follow-up ranging from one year to six years,there was no significant difference in mortality between the two graft types (P=0.927). In addition, four cohort controlled trials for radial and right internal thoracic artery grafts were included. The radial graft was associated with less cardiac related events relative to the right intemal thoracic artery graft (P=0.014), but with comparable mortality and comparable rates of repeat percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. Subjects with radial arteries seemed to have a lower occlusion rate and a lower graft harvest site infection rate than those with great saphenous veins. Moreover there were fewer cardiac related events with radial arteries relative to the right internal thoracic artery grafts. More studies are needed to confirm these findings concerning the favorable outcomes of coronary artery

  15. Non-invasive assessment of coronary artery disease with CT coronary angiography and SPECT: a novel dose-saving fast-track algorithm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pazhenkottil, Aju P.; Herzog, Bernhard A.; Husmann, Lars; Buechel, Ronny R.; Burger, Irene A.; Valenta, Ines; Landmesser, Ulf; Wyss, Christophe A. [University Hospital Zurich, Cardiac Imaging, Zurich (Switzerland); Kaufmann, Philipp A. [University Hospital Zurich, Cardiac Imaging, Zurich (Switzerland); University of Zurich, Zurich Center for Integrative Human Physiology (ZIHP), Zurich (Switzerland)

    2010-03-15

    To validate a new low-dose and rapid stepwise individualized algorithm for non-invasive assessment of ischemic coronary artery disease by sequential use of prospectively ECG-triggered low-dose CT coronary angiography (CTCA) and low-dose single-photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT-MPI). Forty patients referred for elective invasive coronary angiography (CA) were prospectively enrolled to undergo a comprehensive non-invasive evaluation with low-dose CTCA and a dose-reduced stress/rest SPECT-MPI scan (using dedicated reconstruction algorithms for low count scans). The following algorithm was reviewed: CTCA first, followed by a stress-only MPI if a coronary stenosis ({>=} 50% diameter narrowing) or equivocal findings were observed. Only abnormal stress MPI scans were followed by rest MPI. The accuracy of the individualized algorithm to predict coronary revascularization and its mean effective radiation dose were assessed. CTCA documented CAD in 18 and equivocal findings in two patients, thus, requiring additional stress MPI scans. Of these, 16 were abnormal, therefore requiring a rest MPI scan, revealing ischemia in 15 patients. Sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive value, and accuracy of the individualized algorithm for predicting coronary revascularization was 93.3%, 96.0%, 96.0%, 93.3% and 95.0% on a per-patient base. The mean effective radiation dose was significantly lower for the individualized (4.8 {+-} 3.4 mSv) versus the comprehensive method (8.1 {+-} 1.5 mSv) resulting in a total population radiation dose reduction of 132.6 mSv. This new individualized low-dose algorithm allows rapid and accurate prediction of invasive CA findings and of treatment decision with minimized radiation dose. (orig.)

  16. Non-invasive prediction of hemodynamically significant coronary artery stenoses by contrast density difference in coronary CT angiography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hell, Michaela M., E-mail: michaela.hell@uk-erlangen.de [Department of Cardiology, University of Erlangen (Germany); Dey, Damini [Department of Biomedical Sciences, Biomedical Imaging Research Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Taper Building, Room A238, 8700 Beverly Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90048 (United States); Marwan, Mohamed; Achenbach, Stephan; Schmid, Jasmin; Schuhbaeck, Annika [Department of Cardiology, University of Erlangen (Germany)

    2015-08-15

    Highlights: • Overestimation of coronary lesions by coronary computed tomography angiography and subsequent unnecessary invasive coronary angiography and revascularization is a concern. • Differences in plaque characteristics and contrast density difference between hemodynamically significant and non-significant stenoses, as defined by invasive fractional flow reserve, were assessed. • At a threshold of ≥24%, contrast density difference predicted hemodynamically significant lesions with a specificity of 75%, sensitivity of 33%, PPV of 35% and NPV of 73%. • The determination of contrast density difference required less time than transluminal attenuation gradient measurement. - Abstract: Objectives: Coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) allows the detection of obstructive coronary artery disease. However, its ability to predict the hemodynamic significance of stenoses is limited. We assessed differences in plaque characteristics and contrast density difference between hemodynamically significant and non-significant stenoses, as defined by invasive fractional flow reserve (FFR). Methods: Lesion characteristics of 59 consecutive patients (72 lesions) in whom invasive FFR was performed in at least one coronary artery with moderate to high-grade stenoses in coronary CTA were evaluated by two experienced readers. Coronary CTA data sets were acquired on a second-generation dual-source CT scanner using retrospectively ECG-gated spiral acquisition or prospectively ECG-triggered axial acquisition mode. Plaque volume and composition (non-calcified, calcified), remodeling index as well as contrast density difference (defined as the percentage decline in luminal CT attenuation/cross-sectional area over the lesion) were assessed using a semi-automatic software tool (Autoplaq). Additionally, the transluminal attenuation gradient (defined as the linear regression coefficient between intraluminal CT attenuation and length from the ostium) was determined

  17. The relationship between aortic calcification volume and obstructive coronary artery disease: comparison with coronary calcification volume

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Dae Seok; Kim, Jeong Ho; Park, Chul Hi; Park, Seon Young; Choe, Soo Jin; Hwang, Hee Young; Kim, Hyung Sik [Gachon University Gil Medical Center, Incheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-12-15

    We compared the diagnostic performance of aortic calcification volume with that of coronary artery calcification volume at CT in diagnosing obstructive coronary artery disease (OCAD). A total of 308 patients (M: F 141: 167) underwent coronary CT angiography using a 64-slice MDCT. We measured the calcification volume (mm{sup 3}) of coronary artery (CAC), thoracic aorta (TAC), abdominal aorta (AAC), and whole aorta (AC) at unenhanced CT. OCAD was defined as the significant stenosis ({>=} 50%) in any coronary artery at CT angiography. The diagnostic performance for OCAD was evaluated by calculating the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Among the 308 patients studied, 45 patients were diagnosed with OCAD. The mean volumes of TAC, AAC, AC, and CAC were 518.8 mm{sup 3}, 551.5 mm{sup 3}, 1069.9 mm{sup 3}, 57.6 mm{sup 3} respectively. The areas under the ROC curve of TAC, AAC, AC, and CAC for OCAD were 0.766 (0.694 < 95% confidence interval < 0.838), 0.837 (0.784 < 95% confidence interval < 0.892), 0.814 (0.755 < 95% confidence interval < 0.873), 0.871 (0.812 < 95% confidence interval < 0.930), respectively. The volume of aortic calcification as well as coronary artery calcification is associated with obstructive coronary artery disease.

  18. Prognostic value of coronary artery calcium score in patients with stable an-gina pectoris after percutaneous coronary intervention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fang-Fang WANG; Jiang-Li HAN; Rong HE; Xiang-Zhu ZENG; Fu-Chun ZHANG; Li-Jun GUO; Wei GAO

    2014-01-01

    Objectives To evaluate the prognostic value of the coronary artery calcium (CAC) score in patients with stable angina pectoris (SAP) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods A total of 334 consecutive patients with SAP who underwent first PCI following multi-slice computer tomography (MSCT) were enrolled from our institution between January 2007 and June 2012. The CAC score was calculated according to the standard Agatston calcium scoring algorithm. Complex PCI was defined as use of high pressure bal-loon, kissing balloon and/or rotablator. Procedure-related complications included dissection, occlusion, perforation, no/slow flow and emer-gency coronary artery bypass grafting. Main adverse cardiac events (MACE) were defined as a combined end point of death, non-fatal myo-cardial infarction, target lesion revascularization and rehospitalization for cardiac ischemic events. Results Patients with a CAC score>300 (n=145) had significantly higher PCI complexity (13.1%vs. 5.8%, P=0.017) and rate of procedure-related complications (17.2%vs. 7.4%, P=0.005) than patients with a CAC score≤300 (n=189). After a median follow-up of 22.5 months (4-72 months), patients with a CAC score≤300 differ greatly than those patients with CAC score>300 in cumulative non-events survival rates (88.9 vs. 79.0%, Log rank 4.577, P=0.032). After adjusted for other factors, the risk of MACE was significantly higher [hazard ratio (HR):4.3, 95%confidence inter-val (95%CI):2.4-8.2, P=0.038] in patients with a CAC score>300 compared to patients with a lower CAC score. Conclusions The CAC score is an independent predictor for MACE in SAP patients who underwent PCI and indicates complexity of PCI and proce-dure-related complications.

  19. Impact of SYNTAX score on 1-year clinical outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention for unprotected left main coronary artery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nozue, Tsuyoshi; Kamijima, Ryo; Iwaki, Taku; Michishita, Ichiro

    2012-01-01

    SYNTAX score is an angiographic scoring system that was developed to quantify the number, complexity, and location of lesions in patients undergoing coronary revascularization. Up to now, the impact of SYNTAX score on clinical outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for unprotected left main coronary artery (LMCA) lesions has not been fully examined. Therefore, we evaluate the usefulness of the SYNTAX score and identify the cutoff value of this score to predict 1-year clinical outcomes in patients undergoing PCI for unprotected LMCA lesions. This was a single-center retrospective study that included 49 consecutive patients undergoing elective PCI for unprotected LMCA lesions. We calculated the SYNTAX score and examined the correlations between this score and 1-year clinical outcomes. Major adverse cardiac events (MACE) occurred in 12 patients (24%): target lesion revascularization in 9 patients (18%), myocardial infarction in 2 (4%), and cardiac death in 1 (2%). The frequency of MACE was significantly higher in the intermediate (47%) or high score group (50%) than in the low score group (4%). Furthermore, the SYNTAX score was significantly higher in the MACE group than in the non-MACE group (31 vs. 22, p = 0.008). Receiver-operating characteristic curve showed that the SYNTAX score exhibited 83% sensitivity and 76% specificity for predicting the development of MACE at a cutoff value 26. These results demonstrate that the SYNTAX score could be a useful tool to predict 1-year clinical outcomes in patients undergoing elective PCI for unprotected LMCA lesions.

  20. Advances in nanotechnology for the management of coronary artery disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhee, June-Wha; Wu, Joseph C

    2013-02-01

    Nanotechnology holds tremendous potential to advance the current treatment of coronary artery disease. Nanotechnology may assist medical therapies by providing a safe and efficacious delivery platform for a variety of drugs aimed at modulating lipid disorders, decreasing inflammation and angiogenesis within atherosclerotic plaques, and preventing plaque thrombosis. Nanotechnology may improve coronary stent applications by promoting endothelial recovery on a stent surface utilizing bio-mimetic nanofibrous scaffolds, and also by preventing in-stent restenosis using nanoparticle-based delivery of drugs that are decoupled from stents. Additionally, nanotechnology may enhance tissue-engineered graft materials for application in coronary artery bypass grafting by facilitating cellular infiltration and remodeling of a graft matrix.

  1. Total occlusion of left main coronary artery without angina pectoris.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DePace, N L; Kimbiris, D; Iskandrian, A S; Bemis, C E; Segal, B L

    1983-05-01

    A patient had total occlusion of the left main coronary artery that was proved by coronary arteriography. The patient was initially seen with clinical signs of congestive heart failure but without symptoms of angina pectoris or ECG evidence of myocardial infarction. The patient's extensive right-to-left coronary artery collaterals may have contributed to the absence of chest pain. Because of the severe left ventricular dysfunction and the absence of chest pain, the patient was treated with medical therapy. Six months after the cardiac catheterization, he was alive and well under New York Heart Association functional classification II.

  2. Coronary CT Angiography in Coronary Artery Disease: Correlation between Virtual Intravascular Endoscopic Appearances and Left Bifurcation Angulation and Coronary Plaques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhonghua Sun

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between intraluminal appearances of coronary plaques and left coronary bifurcation angle and plaque components using coronary CT virtual intravascular endoscopy (VIE. Fifty patients suspected of coronary artery disease undergoing coronary CT angiography were included in the study. The left bifurcation angle in patients with diseased left coronary artery which was measured as 94.3° ± 16.5 is significantly larger than that in patients with normal left coronary artery, which was measured as 76.5° ± 15.9 (P<0.001. Irregular VIE appearances were found in 10 out of 11 patients with mixed plaques in the left anterior descending (LAD and left circumflex (LCx, while, in 29 patients with calcified plaques in the LAD and LCx, irregular VIE appearances were only noticed in 5 patients. Using 80° as a cut-off value to determine coronary artery disease, smooth VIE appearances were found in 95% of patients (18/19 with left bifurcation angle of less than 80°, while irregular VIE appearances were observed in nearly 50% of patients (15/31 with left bifurcation angle of more than 80°. This preliminary study shows that VIE appearances of the coronary lumen are directly related to the types of plaques.

  3. Woven right coronary artery: a case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iyisoy, Atila; Celik, Turgay; Yuksel, U Cagdas; Isik, Ersoy

    2010-07-01

    Woven coronary artery is an extremely rare and is still not a clearly defined coronary anomaly in which epicardial coronary artery is divided into multiple thin channels at any segment of the coronary artery, and subsequently, these multiple channels merge again in a normal conduit. A few cases have been reported till now. In this case report, we present a 58-year-old male with a woven right coronary artery.

  4. Noninvasive assessment of coronary artery disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DePace, N L; Hakki, A H; Weinreich, D J; Iskandrian, A S

    1983-10-01

    This study determines whether a mathematical model can be used to assess noninvasively the extent of coronary artery disease (CAD). The model was based on stepwise multivariate discriminant analysis of data obtained in 99 patients from clinical and nonhemodynamic exercise variables, or from radionuclide determination of left ventricular function at rest or during exercise, or both. The extent of CAD was assessed by a scoring system and by the number of diseased vessels. The variables selected by this method (Q-wave infarction, exercise LV ejection fraction, change in systolic blood pressure from rest to exercise, sex and diabetes mellitus) yielded a predictive accuracy of 82% for the identification of patients with extensive CAD (score greater than or equal to 35). Slightly better results were achieved by a subgroup of 77 patients who had adequate exercise end points (exercise heart rate greater than or equal to 120 beats/min, or angina or ST depression during exercise). In these patients, the predictive accuracy was 84%. The model also identified patients with "light" CAD (score less than or equal to 10) with a predictive accuracy of 82%. Thus, noninvasive assessment of the extent of CAD is possible with a stepwise multivariate discriminant analysis of clinical, electrocardiographic and left ventricular function assessed by radionuclide ventriculography at rest and during exercise. The scoring system was superior to the conventional method of classifying patients according to the number of diseased vessels.

  5. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection causing acute coronary syndrome in a young patient without risk factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parag Chevli

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD is a rare cause of acute myocardial infarction that is more common in younger patients (under age 50 and in women. Although the etiology is not known, some predisposing conditions to SCAD are well known and include Marfan syndrome, pregnancy and peripartum state, drug abuse, and some anatomical abnormalities of the coronary arteries such as aneurysms and severe kinking. We describe a case of SCAD in a young woman who presented with sudden onset of chest pain and was admitted for the treatment of acute coronary syndrome. The coronary angiography showed dissection of the left anterior descending artery. The patient underwent successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty and stent placement.

  6. Clinical Outcomes After Drug-Eluting Stents Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery in High Surgical Risk Patients With Left Main or Three-Vessel Coronary Artery Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tonga Nfor

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Previous studies comparing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI with coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG in patients with unprotected left main or three-vessel coronary artery disease (LM-3VD have excluded patients at high surgical risk. We compared clinical outcomes after PCI with drug-eluting stents to CABG in high surgical risk patients with LM-3VD. Methods: Patients with symptomatic LM-3VD who had Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS-predicted operative mortality > 5% and were undergoing either PCI with drug-eluting stents or CABG at a tertiary care center from January 2009 to December 2010 were enrolled in this nonrandomized prospective study. Results: Mean STS score was 14.5 ± 5.8% for PCI (n=83 vs. 13.6 ± 7.1% for CABG (n=187 (P=0.31. After mean follow-up of 37 months, incidence of the composite primary endpoint (death, myocardial infarction or stroke was 42.2% for PCI and 39.6% for CABG (P=0.69, hazard ratio 1.3, 95% confidence interval 0.5-2.8. There were no differences in the individual components of the primary endpoint between PCI and CABG. Repeat revascularization was 30.1% for PCI vs. 9.6% for CABG (P=0.001. Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event rates were similar between PCI and CABG, 50.6% vs. 42.2%, respectively (P=0.23. Patients in the PCI group were less likely than those in the CABG group to be discharged to a nursing home (12.1% vs. 47.1%, P 5%.

  7. High-resolution coronary MR angiography for evaluation of patients with anomalous coronary arteries: visualization of the intramural segment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Biko, David M. [UCSF Benioff Children' s Hospital Oakland, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Oakland, CA (United States); The Children' s Hospital of Philadelphia, Department of Radiology, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Chung, Claudia; Chung, Taylor [UCSF Benioff Children' s Hospital Oakland, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Oakland, CA (United States); Hitt, David M. [Philips Healthcare, Cleveland, OH (United States); Kurio, Gregory [UCSF Benioff Children' s Hospital Oakland, Department of Cardiology, Oakland, CA (United States); Reinhartz, Olaf [UCSF Benioff Children' s Hospital Oakland, Department of Cardiac Surgery, Oakland, CA (United States)

    2015-08-15

    Anomalous origin of the coronary artery from the contralateral coronary sinus is a rare coronary anomaly associated with sudden death. The inter-arterial course is most closely associated with sudden death, but it has been suggested that the presence of an intramural segment of a right anomalous coronary is associated with more symptoms and therefore may be an important criterion for intervention in these patients. To demonstrate that MR angiography can accurately determine the presence or absence of an intramural segment in an anomalous coronary artery. All studies of children who underwent MR angiography for the evaluation of an anomalous coronary artery were retrospectively reviewed by two pediatric radiologists in consensus. Criteria for an intramural anomalous coronary artery were the presence of a small or slit-like ostium and the relative smaller size of the proximal intramural portion of the coronary artery in relation to the more distal epicardial coronary artery. The anomalous coronary artery was classified as not intramural if these two findings were absent. These findings were correlated with operative reports confirming the presence or absence of an intramural segment. Twelve patients (86%) met MR angiography criteria for the presence of an intramural course. Only 2 patients (14%) met MR angiography criteria for a non-intramural course. When correlating with intraoperative findings, MR angiography was successful in distinguishing between intramural and non-intramural anomalous coronary arteries in all cases (P = 0.01). MR angiography may be able to reliably identify the intramural segment of an anomalous coronary artery in older children using the imaging criteria of a small or slit-like ostium and relative decrease in size of the proximal portion of the anomalous coronary artery compared to the distal portion of the anomalous coronary artery. Determining the presence of the intramural segment may help with surgical planning and may be an important

  8. Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery and the SYNTAX score: A systematic review and meta-analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bundhun, Pravesh Kumar; Yanamala, Chandra Mouli; Huang, Feng

    2017-01-01

    The SYNTAX [Synergy Between percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) With Taxus and coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG)] score is a decision-making tool in interventional cardiology. However, several facts still remain to be addressed: What about PCI or CABG with a low versus a high score respectively? And what about PCI with a low score versus CABG with a high score? Electronic databases were carefully searched for relevant publications. Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated and the analysis was carried out by RevMan 5.3. Eleven studies with a total number of 11,037 patients were included. In terms of clinical outcomes, this analysis showed PCI to have significantly favored patients with a low versus a high SYNTAX score. In patients who were re-vascularized by CABG, mortality and major adverse cardiac events were significantly lower with a low SYNTAX score. However, when PCI with a low SYNTAX score was compared with CABG with a high SYNTAX score, no significant difference in mortality and combined death/stroke/myocardial infarction were observed. In conclusion, the SYNTAX score might be considered useful in interventional cardiology. Nevertheless, the fact that it has limitations when compared to newer tools should also not be ignored. PMID:28252019

  9. Cardiovascular behavior during rehabilitation after coronary artery bypass grafting

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess the behavior of cardiovascular variables during an in-hospital cardiovascular rehabilitation program in patients following myocardial revascularization surgery. METHODS: A total of 14 patients (mean age: 55.4 ± 6.4 years, 78.6% male) participated in the study, all of whom had a previous diagnosis of coronary insufficiency and indication for elective surgery. The protocol consisted of a group of low-impact (2-3 METs) upper/lower extremity a...

  10. A novel platinum chromium everolimus-eluting stent for the treatment of coronary artery disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bennett J

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Johan Bennett, Christophe DuboisDepartment of Cardiovascular Diseases, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, BelgiumAbstract: The development of coronary stents represents a major step forward in the treatment of obstructive coronary artery disease since the introduction of percutaneous coronary intervention. The initial enthusiasm for bare metal stents was, however, tempered by a significant incidence of in-stent restenosis, the manifestation of excessive neointima hyperplasia within the stented vessel segment, ultimately leading to target vessel revascularization. Later, drug-eluting stents, with controlled local release of antiproliferative agents, consistently reduced this need for repeat revascularization. In turn, the long-term safety of first-generation drug-eluting stents was brought into question with the observation of an increased incidence of late stent thrombosis, often presenting as myocardial infarction or sudden death. Since then, new drugs, polymers, and platforms for drug elution have been developed to improve stent safety and preserve efficacy. Development of a novel platinum chromium alloy with high radial strength and high radiopacity has enabled the design of a new, thin-strut, flexible, and highly trackable stent platform, while simultaneously improving stent visibility. Significant advances in polymer coating, serving as a drug carrier on the stent surface, and in antiproliferative agent technology have further improved the safety and clinical performance of newer-generation drug-eluting stents. This review will provide an overview of the novel platinum chromium everolimus-eluting stents that are currently available. The clinical data from major clinical trials with these devices will be summarized and put into perspective.Keywords: drug-eluting stent, restenosis, Promus Element, Synergy

  11. Giant aneurysm of the left anterior descending coronary artery in a pediatric patient with Behcet's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, Amanda L; Rouster-Stevens, Kelly; Williams, Derek A; Hines, Michael H

    2010-07-01

    Behcet's disease is a rare autoimmune vasculitis characterized by oral aphthosis, genital ulcers, and ocular and cutaneous lesions. Vascular involvement usually affects the veins more commonly than the arteries, and coronary arterial involvement is extremely rare. We report an adolescent with Behcet's disease who developed a large pseudoaneurysm of the left anterior descending coronary artery requiring a coronary arterial bypass graft.

  12. Time trends in coronary revascularization procedures among people with COPD: analysis of the Spanish national hospital discharge data (2001–2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Miguel-Díez J

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Javier de Miguel-Díez,1 Rodrigo Jiménez-García,2 Valentín Hernández-Barrera,2 Pilar Carrasco-Garrido,2 Héctor Bueno,3 Luis Puente-Maestu,1 Isabel Jimenez-Trujillo,2 Alejandro Alvaro-Meca,2 Jesús Esteban-Hernandez,2 Ana López de Andrés21Pneumology Department, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain; 2Preventive Medicine and Public Health Teaching and Research Unit, Department of Health Sciences, Health Sciences Faculty, Rey Juan Carlos University, Alcorcón, Madrid, Spain; 3Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares, Instituto de investigación i+12, Cardiology Department, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, SpainBackground: People with COPD suffering from coronary artery disease are frequently treated with revascularization procedures. We aim to compare trends in the use and outcomes of these procedures in COPD and non-COPD patients in Spain between 2001 and 2011.Methods: We identified all patients who had undergone percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG surgeries, using national hospital discharge data. Discharges were grouped into: COPD and no COPD.Results: From 2001 to 2011, 428,516 PCIs and 79,619 CABGs were performed. The sex and age-adjusted use of PCI increased by 21.27% per year from 2001 to 2004 and by 5.47% per year from 2004 to 2011 in patients with COPD. In-hospital mortality (IHM among patients with COPD who underwent a PCI increased significantly from 2001 to 2011 (odds ratio 1.11; 95% confidence interval 1.03–1.20. Among patients with COPD who underwent a CABG, the sex and age-adjusted CABG incidence rate increased by 9.77% per year from 2001 to 2003, and then decreased by 3.15% through 2011. The probability of dying during hospitalization in patients who underwent a CABG did not change significantly in patients with and without COPD (odds ratio, 1.06; 95

  13. Osteopontin in relation to Prognosis following Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eftihia Sbarouni

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Cardiovascular events may occur even after complete revascularization in patients with coronary artery disease. We measured preoperative osteopontin (OPN levels in 131 consecutive patients (66.5±10 years old, 117 men and 14 women with left ventricular ejection fraction of 50.7±9.2% and low logistic EuroScore (3.5±3.2% undergoing elective Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG surgery. Patients were prospectively followed up for a median of 12 months (range 11–24. The primary study endpoint was the composite of cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, need for repeat revascularization, and hospitalization for cardiovascular events. Pre-op OPN plasma levels were 77.9 (49.5, 150.9. Patients with prior acute myocardial infarction (AMI had significantly higher OPN levels compared to those without [131.5 (52.2, 219 versus 73.3 (45.1, 125, p=0.007]. OPN levels were positively related to EuroScore (r=0.2, p=0.031. Pre-op OPN levels did not differ between patients who had a major adverse event during follow-up compared to those with no event (p=0.209 and had no effect on the hazard of future adverse cardiac events [HR (95% CI: 1.48 (0.43–4.99, p=0.527]. The history of AMI was associated with increased risk of subsequent cardiovascular events at follow-up (p=0.02. OPN is associated with preoperative risk assessment prior to low-risk CABG but did not independently predict outcome.

  14. Total Arterial Minimally Invasive Direct Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery Facilitated by the Trinity Clip Connector

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stecher, David; Bronkers, Glenn; Höfer, Imo E.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/267105649; Pasterkamp, Gerard|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/138488304; Buijsrogge, Marc P|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/24420098X

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: This pilot study evaluated the feasibility of total arterial minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass surgery by using the Trinity Clip anastomotic connector in an acute porcine model. METHODS: In 3 pigs, the left and right internal thoracic arteries (LITA and RITA) were harvested

  15. Anomalous Origin of the Left Coronary Artery from the Pulmonary Artery: Diagnosis with CT Angiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guray Oncel

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA is a rare congenital anomaly. It is associated with early infant mortality and sudden death in adults. Traditionally, ALCAPA has been diagnosed by angiography or autopsy; however, the development of cardiac computed tomography (CT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI has allowed noninvasive evaluation of the coronary anatomy by direct visualization of the origin of the left coronary artery (LCA from the pulmonary artery. We report a case of 10-year-old girl who has been on follow up for dilated cardiomyopathy for 4 years. The definitive diagnosis of ALCAPA is reached by multislice computed tomography (MSCT. The MSCT scan showed an anomalous origin of LCA from the pulmonary trunk, with a tortuous and dilated right coronary artery and right-to-left collateralization. Consequently, the patient was successfully treated with surgery.

  16. Single coronary artery with origin of right coronary artery from left circumflex in a patient with ventricular tachycardia: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjeev Sanghvi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Only a few cases of a single coronary artery (CA have been described. Almost all cases reported so far also had associated atherosclerotic coronary artery or valvular heart disease. We present a 48 years old male with atypical chest pain with an episode of Ventricular Tachycardia (VT on treadmill test (TMT. Coronary angiography (CAG showed a single Left coronary artery (LCA with Right coronary artery (RCA arising from left circumflex artery (LCX without any atherosclerotic disease. [Int J Res Med Sci 2016; 4(3.000: 960-962

  17. Anterior Spinal Artery Syndrome Following Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: a Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirhosseini, Seyed Mohsen; Meghdadi, Soheil; Moghaddam, Ali Sanjari

    2017-01-01

    We present a patient with unstable angina candidate for coronary artery bypass grafting. Saphenous vein graft was used in obtuse marginal and left internal mammary artery to left anterior descending artery properly. After surgery, the patient experienced flaccid paralysis of lower limb and impaired sensation of touch and warmth of knee and below. A computed tomography angiogram of lower limbs and thoracolumbar magnetic resonance imaging showed no abnormality. Based on the symptom, clinical diagnosis of anterior spinal artery syndrome was considered. The artery of Adamkiewicz is an important supplier to the anterior spinal artery. Internal thoracic mammary artery, used in coronary artery bypass grafting, is suspected as a collateral supplier of the artery of Adamkiewicz and has been accused for cause of spinal infarction.

  18. Smoking and hyperlipidemia are important risk factors for coronary artery spasm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Objective To investigate the role of coronary artery spasm in the etiology of chest pain lacking significant coronary stenosis and to identify the clinical risk factors related to coronary artery spasm. Methods Two hundred and seventy five patients with chest pain, but without significant coronary artery stenosis underwent the intracoronary acetylcholine test. Coronary artery spasm was diagnosed while coronary artery stenosis increased to 90% and was accompanied by the usual chest pain with or without ischemic changes on electrocardiogram. Logistic regression was employed to investigate the relationships between coronary artery spasm and sex, age, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking, hyperlipidemia and results of electrocardiographic treadmill stress test. Left ventricular ejection fraction and end diastolic pressure were compared between spasm group and non-spasm group. Results Coronary artery spasm was detected in 103 out of 271 patients, a rate of 38%. Logistic regression analysis showed that smoking and hyperlipidemia increased the relative risk of coronary artery spasm 4.2 times and 2.3 times, respectively. There was a significantly negative relationship between diabetes mellitus and coronary artery spasm. Furthermore, there was no coronary artery spasm detected in left ventricular ejection fraction and end diastolic pressure. Conclusions Coronary artery spasm was one of the important etiological factors for patients with chest pain but no coronary artery stenosis. Smoking and hyperlipidemia were the main clinical risk factors for coronary artery spasm.

  19. Hostility, Anger and Risk of Coronary Artery Atherosclerosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E Masoudnia

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The previous researches about the etiology of coronary artery atherosclerosis have accentuated on clinical and medical risk factors, such as cigarette smoking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, positive family background, myocardial ischemia history in family, atherogenic diet, increase of A lipoprotein, inflammatory factors such as increase of cross-reactive protein and so on. Although factors in behavioral medicine are recognized as an independent risk factor in coronary artery atherosclerosis, few researches have been done on hostility and anger. The aim of this study was to determine the difference between normal people(Control group and people with coronary artery atherosclerosis(Case group with regards to hostility and anger. Methods: This study was performed as a case-control design. Data was collected from seventy-seven patients with coronary artery atherosclerosis who had referred to Afshar Hospital Professional Heart Clinic in Yazd city and seventy-eight normal people were used as control. Two groups completed the Buss and Perry Aggression Questionnaire(BPAQ to measure their hostility and anger. Results: The results of the analysis showed that there was a statistically significant difference regarding hostility(p<.05 and anger(p<.001 between the two groups. Hierarchical multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the sociodemographic and clinical variables(step 1 explained 35.5 % to 47.4%, while hostility and anger(step 2 explained 6.7% to 9% of the variance in incidence of coronary artery atherosclerosis. Conclusion: Hostility and anger are strong risk factors for coronary artery atherosclerosis or CAD in Iran. Therefore, in order to decrease the incidence rate of coronary artery atherosclerosis in Iran, alongside medical interventions, attention should also be paid towards behavioral interventions in order to modify hostile and angrily behavior.

  20. Association of ischemic stroke to coronary artery disease using computed tomography coronary angiography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jesper Møller; Medina, Hector; Nørgaard, Bjarne Linde;

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: While patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and cerebrovascular disease share similar risk factor profiles, data on whether IS can be considered a "CAD equivalent" are limited. We aimed to determine whether ischemic stroke is an independent predictor of CAD by using cardiac...... increase odds of having coronary artery plaque (odds ratio [OR] 4.9, P4 segments of plaque than 0-4 segments as compared to patients without stroke (OR 18.3, P...

  1. Coronary artery bypass and superior vena cava syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, T V; Masrani, K; Thomas, J L

    1999-01-01

    Superior vena cava syndrome is the obstruction of the superior vena cava or its main tributaries by benign or malignant lesions. The syndrome causes edema and engorgement of the vessels on the face, neck, and arms, nonproductive cough, and dyspnea. We discuss the case of a 48-year-old obese diabetic woman who was admitted with unstable angina. She had previously been diagnosed with superior vena cava syndrome. Urgent coronary artery bypass grafting was necessary Although thousands of coronary artery bypasses are performed every year, there are not many reports on patients with superior vena cava syndrome who successfully undergo cardiopulmonary bypass and coronary artery grafting with an internal mammary artery as the conduit. The results of the case and alternative recommended methods are discussed.

  2. Pregnancy risks in women with pre-existing coronary artery disease, or following acute coronary syndrome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Burchill, Luke J.; Lameijer, Heleen; Roos-Hesselink, Jolien W.; Grewal, Jasmine; Ruys, Titia P. E.; Kulikowski, Julia D.; Burchill, Laura A.; Oudijk, M. A.; Wald, Rachel M.; Colman, Jack M.; Siu, Samuel C.; Pieper, Petronella G.; Silversides, Candice K.

    2015-01-01

    Objective The objective of this study was to determine outcomes in pregnant women with pre-existing coronary artery disease (CAD) or following an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) including myocardial infarction (MI). Background The physiological changes of pregnancy can contribute to myocardial ischaem

  3. Circulating endothelial cells in coronary artery disease and acute coronary syndrome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schmidt, David E; Manca, Marco; Höfer, Imo E

    2015-01-01

    Circulating endothelial cells (CECs) have been put forward as a promising biomarker for diagnosis and prognosis of coronary artery disease and acute coronary syndromes. This review entails current insights into the physiology and pathobiology of CECs, including their relationship with circulating en

  4. Beneficial effect of coronary artery bypass grafting as assessed by quantitative gated single-photon emission computed tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hida, Satoshi; Chikamori, Taishiro; Hirayama, Tetsuzo; Usui, Yasuhiro; Yanagisawa, Hidefumi; Morishima, Takayuki; Ishimaru, Shin; Yamashina, Akira [Tokyo Medical Coll. (Japan)

    2003-06-01

    The development of quantitative gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) has enabled the assessment of left ventricular perfusion, function and wall thickness in a single examination. Accordingly, the present study used gated SPECT to assess the benefit of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with coronary artery disease; 47 of those patients were evaluated before and 5 months after CABG. As a result of coronary revascularization, a significant improvement was observed in global ejection fraction (50{+-}12{yields}53{+-}11%; p<0.05). In 107 revascularized territories, the average regional reversible defect score (0.8{+-}0.5{yields}0.2{+-}0.3; p<0.0001), average regional perfusion score at rest (0.6{+-}0.6{yields}0.3{+-}0.4; p<0.0001), average regional wall motion score (0.9{+-}0.7{yields}0.7{+-}0.5; p<0.05), and end-diastolic wall thickness (8.1{+-}1.3{yields}8.6{+-}1.5 mm; p<0.0005) all improved significantly. Even in 34 non-revascularized territories, the average regional reversible defect score (0.5{+-}0.7{yields}0.2{+-}0.5; p<0.03), average regional wall motion score (0.8{+-}1.1{yields}0.5{+-}1.0; p<0.03) and end-diastolic wall thickness (8.0{+-}1.4{yields}9.1{+-}2.0 mm; p<0.03) all improved significantly. These results indicate that improvement in myocardial ischemia, hibernation and left ventricular function with CABG can be assessed in detail with gated SPECT. (author)

  5. The relationship between rheumatoid factor levels and coronary artery lesion complexity and severity in patients with stable coronary artery disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avcı, Anıl; Açar, Göksel; Fidan, Serdar; Öcal, Lütfi; Bulut, Mustafa; Tellice, Muhammed; Akçakoyun, Mustafa; Pala, Selçuk; Esen, Ali Metin

    2015-01-01

    Introduction The relation between serum rheumatoid factor levels and the extent, severity, and complexity of coronary artery disease has not been adequately studied. Aim Therefore, we assessed the relationship between the severity of coronary artery disease assessed by SYNTAX score and serum rheumatoid factor levels in patients with stable coronary artery disease. Material and methods We enrolled 268 consecutive patients who underwent coronary angiography. Patients with acute coronary syndrome and chronic immune disorders were excluded. Baseline serum rheumatoid factor levels were measured and the SYNTAX score was calculated from the study population. Results Patients were divided into two groups. Group 1 was defined as low SYNTAX score 22. Serum rheumatoid factor levels were significantly higher in the intermediate and high-SYNTAX score group than in the low-SYNTAX score group (16.4 ±9 IU/mlvs. 11.36 ±5 IU/ml, p < 0.001). Also, there was a significant correlation between rheumatoid factor and CRP levels with the SYNTAX score r = 0.411; p < 0.001 and r = 0.275; p < 0.001, respectively. On multivariate linear regression analysis, rheumatoid factor (β = 0.101, p < 0.001) was an independent risk factor for intermediate and high SYNTAX score in patients with stable coronary artery disease. In receiver operator characteristic curve analysis, optimal cut-off value of rheumatoid factor to predict high SYNTAX score was found to be 10.5 IU/ml, with 69% sensitivity and 61% specificity. Conclusions The rheumatoid factor level was independently associated with the extent, complexity, and severity of coronary artery disease assessed by SYNTAX score in patients with stable coronary artery diseases. PMID:25848367

  6. Major risk-stratification models fail to predict outcomes in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease undergoing simultaneous hybrid procedure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Hao-ran; ZHENG Zhe; XIONG Hui; XU Bo; LI Li-huan; GAO Run-lin; HU Sheng-shou

    2013-01-01

    Background The hybrid procedure for coronary heart disease combines minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and is an alternative to revascularization treatment.We sought to assess the predictive value of four risk-stratification models for risk assessment of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in patients with multivessel disease undergoing hybrid coronary revascularization.Methods The data of 120 patients were retrospectively collected and the SYNTAX score,EuroSCORE,SinoSCORE and the Global Risk Classification (GRC) calculated for each patient.The outcomes of interest were 2.7-year incidences of MACCE,including death,myocardial infarction,stroke,and any-vessel revascularization.Results During a mean of 2.7-year follow-up,actuarial survival was 99.17%,and no myocardial infarctions occurred.The discriminatory power (area under curve (AUC)) of the SYNTAX score,EuroSCORE,SinoSCORE and GRC for 2.7-year MACCE was 0.60 (95% confidence interval 0.42-0.77),0.65 (0.47-0.82),0.57 (0.39-0.75) and 0.65 (0.46-0.83),respectively.The calibration characteristics of the SYNTAX score,EuroSCORE,SinoSCORE and GRC were 3.92 (P=0.86),5.39 (P=0.37),13.81 (P=0.32) and 0.02 (P=0.89),respectively.Conclusions In patients with multivessel disease undergoing a hybrid procedure,the SYNTAX score,EuroSCORE,SinoSCORE and GRC were inaccurate in predicting MACCE.Modifying risk-stratification models to improve the predictive value for a hybrid procedure is needed.

  7. Transmyocardial laser revascularization. Early clinical experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oliveira Sérgio Almeida de

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To analyze the initial clinical experience of transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMLR in patients with severe diffuse coronary artery disease. METHODS: Between February, 1998 and February, 1999, 20 patients were submitted to TMLR at the Heart Institute (InCor, University of São Paulo Medical School, Brazil, isolated or in association with conventional coronary artery bypass graft (CABG. All patients had severe diffuse coronary artery disease, with angina functional class III/IV (Canadian Cardiovascular Society score unresponsive to medical therapy. Fourteen patients were submitted to TMLR as the sole therapy, whereas 6 underwent concomitant CABG. Fifty per cent of the patients had either been previously submitted to a CABG or to a percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA. Mean age was 60 years, ranging from 45 to 74 years. RESULTS: All patients had three-vessel disease, with normal or mildly impaired left ventricular global function. Follow-up ranged from 1 to 13 months (mean 6.6 months, with no postoperative short or long term mortality. There was significant symptom improvement after the procedure, with 85% of the patients free of angina, and the remaining 15 % of the patients showing improvement in functional class, as well as in exercise tolerance. CONCLUSION: This novel technique can be considered a low risk alternative for a highly selected group of patients not suitable for conventional revascularization procedures.

  8. Two congenital coronary abnormalities affecting heart function: anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery and congenital left main coronary artery atresia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao Yanyan; Jin Mei; Han Ling; Ding Wenhong; Zheng Jianyong; Sun Chufan; Lyu Zhenyu

    2014-01-01

    Background The anomalous origin of the left coronary artery (LCA) from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) and congenital left main coronary artery atresia (CLMCA-A) are two kinds of very rare coronary heart diseases which affect heart function profoundly.This study aimed to retrospectively illustrate the clinical features and therapy experience of ALCAPA and CLMCA-A patients.Methods From April 1984 to July 2012,in Beijing Anzhen Hospital,23 patients were diagnosed with ALCAPA and 4 patients with CLMCA-A.We summarized the clinical data of the 27 cases and retrospectively analyzed the clinical manifestation,diagnosis,and treatments of these two kinds of congenital coronary abnormalities.Results The 23 patients (13 males and 10 females,aged ranging from 2.5 months to 65 years) identified with ALCAPA were classified into infantile type (age of onset younger than 12 months,16 cases) and adult type (age of onset older than 12 months,7 cases).Four patients were diagnosed with CLMCA-A (three males and one female,aged ranging from 3 months to 2 years).The main clinical manifestations of infantile-type ALCAPA and CLMCA-A include repeated respiratory tract infection,heart failure,dyspnea,feeding intolerance,diaphoresis,and failure to thrive.And these two congenital coronary abnormalities might be misdiagnosed as endocardial fibroelastosis,dilated cardiomyopathy,and acute myocardial infarction.As for the adult-type ALCAPA,cardiac murmurs and discomfort of the precordial area are the most common presentations and might be misdiagnosed as coronary heart disease,myocarditis,or patent ductus arteriosus.In ECG examination:Infantile-type ALCAPA and CLMCA-A showed abnormal Q waves with T wave inversion in leads I,avL,and V4-V6,especially in lead avL.However,ECG of adult-type ALCAPA lacked distinct features.In chest radiography:pulmonary congestion and cardiomegaly were the most common findings in infantile-type ALCAPA and CLMCA-A,while pulmonary artery segment dilation was more common in

  9. The effects of dexmedetomidine on attenuation of stress response to endotracheal intubation in patients undergo