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Sample records for coping social support

  1. Coping, family social support, and psychological symptoms among student veterans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero, Daniel H; Riggs, Shelley A; Ruggero, Camilo

    2015-04-01

    With rising numbers of student veterans on today's college campuses, multicultural competence in college counseling centers increasingly includes an understanding of military culture and its relation to the psychological health and functioning of student veterans. Research on interpersonal and intrapersonal factors associated with college student veterans' mental health is scarce. The current study examines the contributions of coping style and family social support on symptoms of anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress in a student veteran sample. We also tested the moderating role of family social support in the relationship between coping style and psychological symptoms. Data from 136 student veterans were analyzed by using path analysis. Results revealed that avoidant coping and family social support significantly predicted depressive and anxiety symptoms. Avoidant coping also significantly predicted posttraumatic stress symptoms. In addition, findings indicated that family social support moderated the relationship between problem-focused coping and depression, as well as between avoidant coping and symptoms of anxiety and depression but not posttraumatic stress. Implications of results for college and university counselors are discussed. (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved).

  2. Coping strategies, social support and responsibility in chemical intolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nordin, Maria; Andersson, Linus; Nordin, Steven

    2010-08-01

    To study coping strategies, social support and responsibility for improvement in chemical intolerance (CI). Limited knowledge of CI among health professionals and lay persons places demands on the chemically intolerant individual's coping strategies and perception of social support and ability to take responsibility for improvement. However, there is sparse literature on these issues in CI. A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based, quasi-experimental study. Fifty-nine persons with mild, 92 with moderate and 31 with severe CI participated by rating (i) usage and effectiveness of six problem- and six emotion-focused coping strategies, (ii) emotional, instrumental and informative support provided by various sources and (iii) society's and the inflicted individual's responsibility for improvement. The participants reported that the most commonly used and effective coping strategies were avoiding odorous/pungent environments and asking persons to limit their use of odorous/pungent substances (problem-focused strategies) as well as accepting the situation and reprioritising (emotion-focused strategies). High intolerance severity was associated with problem-focused coping strategies and relatively low intolerance with emotion-focused strategies. More emotional than instrumental and informative support was perceived, predominantly from the partner and other family members. Responsibility attributed to society was also found to increase from mild to moderate/severe intolerance. Certain coping strategies are more commonly used and perceived as more effective than others in CI. However, intolerance severity plays a role regarding both coping strategies and responsibility. Emotional support appears to be the most available type of support. For improved care, certain coping strategies may be suggested by nurses, the healthcare system needs to provide better social support to these patients and the issue of responsibility for improvement may be discussed with the patient.

  3. Coping and Social Support for Parents of Children with Autism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luther, Edith H.; Canham, Daryl L.; Cureton, Virginia Young

    2005-01-01

    Autism in children has increased significantly in the past 15 years. The challenges and stressors associated with providing services and caring for a child with autism affect families, educators, and health professionals. This descriptive study used a survey to collect data on parents' perceptions of coping strategies and social support.…

  4. Investigating coping strategies and social support among Canadian melanoma patients: A survey approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalbfleisch, Melanie; Cyr, Annette; Gregorio, Nancy; Nyhof-Young, Joyce

    2015-01-01

    Complex support needs are involved in coping with a diagnosis of melanoma. The purpose of this study was to determine the perceived social support levels and utilization of adaptive and maladaptive coping strategies by Canadian melanoma patients. The impact of social support level on coping strategy utilization was also examined. Social support and coping strategies were assessed using the Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey (MOS-SSS) and the 28-item Brief COPE, respectively. Perceived levels of emotional/informational support were significantly lower than affectionate support and positive social interaction. Acceptance, active coping, and use of emotional support were the most frequently utilized coping strategies. Patients with higher perceived levels of social support had significantly higher adaptive coping scores than patients with lower levels of social support. Health care professionals have an important role in promoting awareness of and access to emotional and informational support resources in order to improve perceived social support levels.

  5. Social support, threat, and coping responses and effectiveness in the functionally disabled.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNett, S C

    1987-01-01

    A causal model based on Lazarus' (1966) cognitively oriented theory of psychological stress and coping was tested in a functionally disabled population to determine the effects of social support variables, threat appraisal, and coping responses on coping effectiveness. Social support variables (perceived availability of social support, perceived effectiveness of social support, and personal constraints to the use of social support) were hypothesized to effect coping responses both directly and through the variable of threat appraisal. Coping responses (use of social support, cognitive reappraisal, emotion-focused coping, and problem-focused coping) were hypothesized to directly effect coping effectiveness and to mediate the effect of all other variables. Data from 50 functionally disabled, wheel-chair-bound individuals discharged within 3 years from two rehabilitation facilities were analyzed using path analysis. The model fit the data and accounted for 61% of the variance in coping effectiveness. Findings indicated that perceived availability of social support, but not the use of social support, was significantly and positively related to coping effectiveness through the mediating variables of problem- and emotion-focused coping. In contrast to the relationship of marital status to coping effectiveness usually found in the literature, nonmarried subjects coped more effectively and perceived less threat.

  6. STRESS, COPING AND SOCIAL SUPPORTS IN THE ADOLESCENT YEARS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Intan Hashimah Mohd. Hashim

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper results from a study that was conducted on 209 Form Fourstudents from two schools in Penang. In this study, a semi-structuredinterview covering questions on demographics, a 12-item measure ofself-esteem, and a 20-item measure of well-being was conducted.Students were also asked to report their Penilaian Menengah Rendah(PMR results as an indicator of their academic performance. To assess stress, coping and social supports, respondents were given a list of possible stressors (e.g., problems with relationships at home and school and were asked to indicate whether or not they were bothered by these stressors, the type of coping that they had used in dealing with these stressors, and the type of social supports that they had received in relation to these stressors. A higher proportion of respondents (77% identified issues related to academics and lessons as a problem compared to other issues (relationships at home, 34%, and relationships at school, 31%. The number of stressors related to everyday life was significantly related to well-being, but not to self-esteem or academic performance. Respondents reported a variety of problem-specificcoping. Supports received were also problem-specific in nature. Thefindings have both applied and theoretical implications.

  7. Exploring Coping and Social Support with Gender and Education Among People Living with HIV in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Li; Lin, Chunqing; Liang, Li-Jung; Ji, Guoping

    2016-02-01

    Social support promotes positive coping strategies among people living with HIV (PLH); however, little is known about the various aspects of social support and their distinct effects on coping. The present study investigates the specific links between coping and perceived social support with respect to gender and education among PLH. A total of 522 PLH in Anhui, China, participated in an assessment that collected data on demographics, perceived tangible and emotional support, and cognitive and behavioral coping. The assessment was conducted using the computer-assisted personal interviewing method. The data were analyzed using linear mixed models. Emotional support was significantly associated with both cognitive and behavioral coping. Tangible support was significantly associated with behavioral coping but not with emotional coping. Women reported significantly lower levels of emotional support, cognitive coping, and behavioral coping than men did. Significant associations between tangible support and coping were found only among illiterate males. Women living with HIV are in greater need of social support and coping strategies. Future interventions should be gender specific, with targeted support for women with lower education levels to enhance their coping strategies.

  8. Type D personality, physical symptoms and subjective stress: the mediating effects of coping and social support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Lynn; Wingate, Amanda

    2012-01-01

    Coping style and social support may represent mechanisms to explain the relationship between Type D personality and ill-health. This study investigated whether Type D is associated with physical symptoms and perceived stress in a non-cardiac population, and if these relationships are mediated by coping and social support. In a cross-sectional study, 304 participants (110 males, mean age 22.1 years) completed measures of Type D, physical symptoms, coping, perceived stress and social support. Results showed that Type D, the interaction of negative affectivity and social inhibition (NA × SI), was positively correlated with physical symptoms, perceived stress, and avoidant coping, and negatively correlated with social support, problem-focused coping and emotion-focused coping. A series of bootstrapped multiple mediator tests showed that social support and avoidant coping fully mediated the relationship between Type D and physical symptoms. Furthermore, social support and emotion-focused coping partially mediated the relationship between Type D and perceived stress. These findings demonstrate for the first time that Type D personality is associated with physical symptoms in a non-cardiac population. Social support and coping style represent mechanisms that can, in part, explain the relationship between Type D and physical symptoms, and Type D and perceived stress.

  9. [Correlation among coping style, social support, and negative emotion in infertile women].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hui; Yan, Chunli; Zhu, Shujuan; Cheng, Li; He, Guoping; Lei, Jun

    2011-02-01

    To explore the correlation among coping style, social support, and negative emotion in Chinese infertile women. A total of 211 infertile women was enrolled for this study. Participants completed questionnaires including Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS), Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ), Selfrating Anxiety Scale (SAS), and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS). The mean scores of the 2 dimensions of SCSQ for the infertile women were 20.18±5.43 (positive coping) and 10.19±3.83 (negative coping), respectively. The total mean score of SSRS was 38.95±6.87, and the mean score of 3 dimensions of SSRS were 22.63±4.15 (subjective support), 8.97±2.73 (objective support), and 7.35±1.87 (extent of using the support), respectively. The mean scores of SAS and SDS were 43.44±10.45 and 50.06±10.59, respectively. SAS scores were negatively correlated to the scores of positive coping, subjective support, objective support and extent of using the support (Pcorrelated to the scores of negative coping (Pnegatively correlated to the scores of positive coping, subjective support, objective support, and extent of using the support (Pnegative effect on negative emotions (anxiety and depression, β=-0.27, PNegative coping had direct and negative effect on social support (β=-0.21, Pnegative emotions (β=0.21, Pnegative coping also had indirect effects on negative emotions through the pathway of social support, which had direct and negative effect on negative emotions (β=-0.21, Pnegative emotions for the infertile women. As a mediator, social support regulates the relationship between coping styles and negative emotions. Using positive coping more frequently while using negative coping less frequently can alleviate the negative emotions of the infertile women through improving social support levels directly or indirectly.

  10. A one year study of coping, social support and quality of life in Parkinson's disease.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schreurs, K.M.G.; Ridder, D.T.D. de; Bensing, J.M.

    2000-01-01

    The role of coping and social support in the quality of life for Parkinson's Disease (PD) patients is not well understood. Most studies are cross-sectional and concentrate on depression as an outcome measure. The aim of the present study was to explore the role of coping and social support in qualit

  11. Associations between coping, affect, and social support among low-income African American smokers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb Hooper, Monica; Baker, Elizabeth A; McNutt, Marcia D

    2013-11-01

    Previous research has documented disparities in smoking cessation between African Americans and Caucasians. Many low-income African American smokers face a range of circumstances that may inhibit effective coping during quit attempts, yet previous research has not considered factors that influence coping in this population. This study examined (a) affect (positive and negative) and (b) perceived social support in association with coping strategies. The baseline assessment of African American smokers (N = 168) enrolled in a randomized controlled trial included the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, and the Brief COPE. A factor analysis of the Brief COPE resulted in two factors, adaptive and maladaptive strategies. Participants were mostly single (64%), women (61%), with ≥12 years of education (68%), and low-income. They were middle aged (M = 46.1, SD = 8.7), smoked 21.8 (SD = 13.3) cigarettes/day for 24.3 (SD = 11) years, and were moderately nicotine dependent. Results demonstrated that adaptive coping was positively correlated with positive affect and social support. Maladaptive coping was positively correlated with negative affect, and inversely related to positive affect and social support. Multivariate analyses revealed that positive affect and social support were independently associated with adaptive coping strategies. In contrast, maladaptive coping was independently associated with negative affect, but not social support. Interventions that harness positive resources, such as social support and positive mood, may facilitate adaptive coping. Also, addressing negative affect among low-income African American smokers may be important to reduce maladaptive coping strategies. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Computer-Mediated Social Support, Older Adults, and Coping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Kevin

    2000-01-01

    Investigates social support for older adults in the computer-mediated environment. Finds that: satisfaction with Internet providers of social support was significantly higher for high Internet users than for low Internet users, whereas low Internet users were more satisfied with their non-Internet support networks than high Internet users; and…

  13. Relationship of chronic stress, social support, and coping style to health among Namibian refugees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shisana, O; Celentano, D D

    1987-01-01

    This study investigates how social support and coping style affect the relationship between a traumatic chronic stressor and health status. A population of 88 Namibian refugees living in an equatorial region of Africa participated in the study. The central hypothesis was that social support and coping style moderate the relationship between length of stay in exile (a proxy measure of chronic stress) and health status (symptoms of generalized anxiety disorders, self-reported physical health status and length of stay in hospital). The results show that when social support is high the relationship between length of stay in exile and all three health outcomes is substantially reduced. When social support is low, the relation between stress and poor health outcomes is high. Coping style moderates the relationship between length of stay in exile and period of hospitalization but has no effect on level of anxiety or perceived health status. When both social support and coping style are simultaneously considered, the best results emerge.

  14. Coping, social support, stigma, and gender difference among people living with HIV in Guangxi, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Zhiwen; Li, Xiaoming; Qiao, Shan; Zhou, Yuejiao; Shen, Zhiyong

    2017-03-07

    The current study examined whether gender, HIV-related stigma, social support, and the interaction between gender and social support are associated with coping responses among people living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA) in Guangxi, China. A total of 2987 PLWHA in Guangxi participated from October 2012 to August 2013. Multivariate analysis of covariance was conducted with gender and social support as main factors in the model, and stigma and other variables as covariates. After controlling for demographic variables and stigma, there were significant main effects of emotional social support (F = 1.61, p social support (F = 1.67, p social support (F = 3.67, p interaction between gender and informational social support (F = 1.33, p social support differences in the coping strategies among PLWHA in Guangxi, China.

  15. Managing Perceived Stress among College Students: The Roles of Social Support and Dysfunctional Coping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, Ruth Chu-Lien

    2012-01-01

    The author examined the conditions (i.e., social support and dysfunctional coping) under which perceived stress predicted psychological well-being in 459 college students. Hierarchical regression analyses indicated a significant 2-way interaction (Perceived Stress x Social Support) and a significant 3-way interaction (Perceived Stress x Social…

  16. Ways of coping with stress and perceived social support in gynecologic cancer patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz, Sema Dereli; Bal, Meltem Demirgöz; Beji, Nezihe Kzlkaya; Arvas, Macit

    2015-01-01

    Stress is commonly encountered among cancer patients and may be a challenge affecting immune system resistance. Social support may contribute positively to the health of cancer patients, playing a role in coping with stress. The aim of this study was to determine whether ways of coping are related to social support given to women with gynecologic cancer. The study was performed as a cross-sectional design in a university hospital in Istanbul, Turkey, with 221 women with gynecologic cancer; the data were collected via 3 questionnaires, the first with sociodemographic and clinical features, the second with multidimensional scale of perceived social support, and the third with the scale of ways of coping with stress. Women with gynecologic cancer who were employed and declared their incomes as balanced and reported more years of education were more likely to perceive higher social support and to use the ineffective coping ways with stress at a lower rate (P stress increase as perceived social support from family, friends, significant other, and total increases (P stress by women with gynecologic cancer. Nurses are indispensable in increasing social support required by women with gynecologic cancer. Well-trained clinical nurses via in-service programs should be experienced and aware of women diagnosed with gynecologic cancer in need of social support during hospital visits and provide necessary guidance.

  17. [Influence of social support and coping style on chronic post-traumatic stress disorder after floods].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dai, W J; Chen, L; Tan, H Z; Lai, Z W; Hu, S M; Li, Y; Liu, A Z

    2016-02-01

    To explore the long-term prognosis and influence of social support and coping style of patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after suffering from floods. Patients suffered PTSD due to Dongting lake flood in 1998 were selected through cluster random sampling. PTSD scale civilian version (PCL-C) was used to examine and diagnose the participants in this study. PTSD was then evaluated by the social support rating scale (SSRS) and the simple coping style questionnaire (SCSQ). Among all the 120 subjects, 14(11.67%) of them were diagnosed as having PTSD. Compared with the rehabilitation group, scores on subjective support, objective support, total social support and positive coping, total of coping style from the non-rehabilitation group all appeared significant low (Pfloods while disaster experience (OR=1.626, 95%CI: 1.118-2.365) appeared as a risk factor. Chronic PTSD developed after the floods called for attention. Better social support, positive coping style could significantly improve the long-term prognosis of patients with PTSD after the floods.

  18. Acculturative stress, social support, and coping: relations to psychological adjustment among Mexican American college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crockett, Lisa J; Iturbide, Maria I; Torres Stone, Rosalie A; McGinley, Meredith; Raffaelli, Marcela; Carlo, Gustavo

    2007-10-01

    This study examined the relations between acculturative stress and psychological functioning, as well as the protective role of social support and coping style, in a sample of 148 Mexican American college students (67% female, 33% male; mean age = 23.05 years, SD = 3.33). In bivariate analyses, acculturative stress was associated with higher levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms. Moreover, active coping was associated with better adjustment (lower depression), whereas avoidant coping predicted poorer adjustment (higher levels of depression and anxiety). Tests of interaction effects indicated that parental support and active coping buffered the effects of high acculturative stress on anxiety symptoms and depressive symptoms. In addition, peer support moderated the relation between acculturative stress and anxiety symptoms. Implications for reducing the effects of acculturative stress among Mexican American college students are discussed.

  19. Private religious practice, spiritual coping, social support, and health status among older Korean adult immigrants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Kyoung Hag; Hwang, Myung Jin

    2014-01-01

    This study explored the role of spiritual factors and social support on the health status of 246 older Korean adult immigrants age 65 years or older. Ordinary least squares regression results revealed that private religious practice, spiritual coping, and social support were significantly associated with improved health status. However, stressors such as the lack of English proficiency and transportation, longer residency in the United States, and financial problems were significantly associated with lower health status. Social workers need to consider providing appropriate spiritual interventions and social support programs for older Korean adult immigrants so that they may better handle their stressors and health problems.

  20. The Roles of Perceived Social Support, Coping, and Loneliness in Predicting Internet Addiction in Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Çevik, Gülsen Büyüksahin; Yildiz, Mehmet Ali

    2017-01-01

    The current research aims to examine the roles of perceived social support, coping, and loneliness when predicting the Internet addiction in adolescents. The research participants included 300 high school students, with an average age of 16.49 and SD = 1.27, attending schools in a city in Southeastern Anatolian Region during 2015-2016 academic…

  1. Adolescent Girls' Experiences of Discrimination: An Examination of Coping Strategies, Social Support, and Self-Esteem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayres, Melanie M.; Leaper, Campbell

    2013-01-01

    The research examined (a) girls' responses to personal experiences of gender and/or ethnic/racial discrimination, (b) social support from parents and friends following the discrimination, and (c) the relationship between girls' reported coping strategies to the discrimination and their self-esteem. Participants were 74 adolescent girls…

  2. Adolescent Girls' Experiences of Discrimination: An Examination of Coping Strategies, Social Support, and Self-Esteem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayres, Melanie M.; Leaper, Campbell

    2013-01-01

    The research examined (a) girls' responses to personal experiences of gender and/or ethnic/racial discrimination, (b) social support from parents and friends following the discrimination, and (c) the relationship between girls' reported coping strategies to the discrimination and their self-esteem. Participants were 74 adolescent girls ("M" = 16.3…

  3. Path analysis of relationship among personality, perceived stress, coping, social support, and psychological outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roohafza, Hamidreza; Feizi, Awat; Afshar, Hamid; Mazaheri, Mina; Behnamfar, Omid; Hassanzadeh-Keshteli, Ammar; Adibi, Peyman

    2016-01-01

    AIM: To provide a structural model of the relationship between personality traits, perceived stress, coping strategies, social support, and psychological outcomes in the general population. METHODS: This is a cross sectional study in which the study group was selected using multistage cluster and convenience sampling among a population of 4 million. For data collection, a total of 4763 individuals were asked to complete a questionnaire on demographics, personality traits, life events, coping with stress, social support, and psychological outcomes such as anxiety and depression. To evaluate the comprehensive relationship between the variables, a path model was fitted. RESULTS: The standard electronic modules showed that personality traits and perceived stress are important determinants of psychological outcomes. Social support and coping strategies were demonstrated to reduce the increasing cumulative positive effects of neuroticism and perceived stress on the psychological outcomes and enhance the protective effect of extraversion through decreasing the positive effect of perceived stress on the psychological outcomes. CONCLUSION: Personal resources play an important role in reduction and prevention of anxiety and depression. In order to improve the psychological health, it is necessary to train and reinforce the adaptive coping strategies and social support, and thus, to moderate negative personality traits. PMID:27354968

  4. Anxiety and Depression in Transgender Individuals: The Roles of Transition Status, Loss, Social Support, and Coping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budge, Stephanie L.; Adelson, Jill L.; Howard, Kimberly A. S.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of the current study was to examine facilitative and avoidant coping as mediators between distress and transition status, social support, and loss. Method: A total of 351 transgender individuals (n = 226 transgender women and n = 125 transgender men) participated in this study. Participants completed measures on transgender…

  5. Adolescent Girls' Experiences of Discrimination: An Examination of Coping Strategies, Social Support, and Self-Esteem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayres, Melanie M.; Leaper, Campbell

    2013-01-01

    The research examined (a) girls' responses to personal experiences of gender and/or ethnic/racial discrimination, (b) social support from parents and friends following the discrimination, and (c) the relationship between girls' reported coping strategies to the discrimination and their self-esteem. Participants were 74 adolescent girls…

  6. Coping Styles and Social Support in Emergency Workers: Family as a Resource

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cinzia NOVARA

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The nature of the job of people working in emergency situations is such that they may experience high levels of stress. The study analyses the relationship between social support and coping in 182 Emergency Service professionals of three professional categories operating in dangerous situations: military, frontier police and firemen. The research confirms the relationship between coping and social support, emphasising the importance of the family source. The results also confirm what has been reported in literature about the prevalence of situational coping for professionals working in emergency situations. In this area, such research may provide a base for developing stress management programs in emergencies and for protecting and reinforcing the wellness of emergency workers, who, in turn, are victims as well.

  7. Depression, Social Support, and Coping Styles among Pregnant Women after the Lushan Earthquake in Ya'an, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianhua Ren

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to assess the depression of pregnant women in the aftermath of an earthquake, and to identify the social support that they obtained, their coping styles and socio-demographic factors associated with depression.A total of 128 pregnant women from three hospitals in the epicenter area were recruited immediately after the Ya'an earthquake. Their depression was investigated using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS with a cutoff score of 14; the social support that they obtained was measured using the Social Support Questionnaire; and their coping styles were assessed using the Coping Styles Questionnaire.Immediately after the earthquake, the incidence rate of depression in pregnant women was 35.2%, higher than that of the general pregnant population (7%-14%. The EPDS scores were significantly correlated with gestation age at the time of the earthquake, objective support, subjective support, use of support, negative coping style, and positive coping style. The regression analysis indicated that risk factors of prenatal depression include the number of children, relatives wounded, subjective support, and coping styles. A further analysis of the interaction between social support and two types of coping styles with depression showed that there was interaction effect between subjective social support and positive coping styles in relation to EPDS scores. There was an inverse relationship between low EPDS scores and positive coping styles and high social support, and vice versa.The timing of the occurrence of the earthquake may not necessarily affect the progress of the illness and recovery from depression, and psychological intervention could be conducted in the immediate aftermath after the earthquake. The impact of coping styles on prenatal depression appeared to be linked with social support. Helping pregnant women to adopt positive coping styles with good social support after a recent major earthquake, which is a

  8. What′s the role of perceived social support and coping styles in depression and anxiety?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Reza Roohafza

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Due to the excessive and pathologic effects of depression and anxiety, it is important to identify the role of protective factors, such as effective coping and social support. This study examined the associations between perceived social support and coping styles with depression and anxiety levels. Materials and Methods: This cross sectional study was part of the Study on the Epidemiology of Psychological, Alimentary Health and Nutrition project. A total 4658 individuals aged ≥20 years was selected by cluster random sampling. Subjects completed questionnaires, which were used to describe perceived social support, coping styles, depression and anxiety. t-test, Chi-square test, pearson′s correlation and Logistic regression analysis were used in data analyses. Results: The results of Logistic regression analysis showed after adjusting demographic characteristics for odd ratio of anxiety, active copings such as positive re-interpretation and growth with odds ratios; 95% confidence interval: 0.82 (0.76, 0.89, problem engagement (0.92 [0.87, 0.97], acceptance (0.82 [0.74, 0.92] and also among perceived social supports, family (0.77 [0.71, 0.84] and others (0.84 [0.76, 0.91] were protective. In addition to, for odd ratio of depression, active copings such as positive re-interpretation and growth (0.74 [0.69, 0.79], problem engagement (0.89 [0.86, 0.93], and support seeking (0.96 [0.93, 0.99] and all of social support types (family [0.75 (0.70, 0.80], friends [0.90 (0.85, 0.95] and others [0.80 (0.75, 0.86] were protective. Avoidance was risk factor for both of anxiety (1.19 [1.12, 1.27] and depression (1.22 [1.16, 1.29]. Conclusion: This study shows active coping styles and perceived social supports particularly positive re-interpretation and family social support are protective factors for depression and anxiety.

  9. What's the role of perceived social support and coping styles in depression and anxiety?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roohafza, Hamid Reza; Afshar, Hamid; Keshteli, Ammar Hassanzadeh; Mohammadi, Narges; Feizi, Awat; Taslimi, Mahshid; Adibi, Peyman

    2014-01-01

    Background: Due to the excessive and pathologic effects of depression and anxiety, it is important to identify the role of protective factors, such as effective coping and social support. This study examined the associations between perceived social support and coping styles with depression and anxiety levels. Materials and Methods: This cross sectional study was part of the Study on the Epidemiology of Psychological, Alimentary Health and Nutrition project. A total 4658 individuals aged ≥20 years was selected by cluster random sampling. Subjects completed questionnaires, which were used to describe perceived social support, coping styles, depression and anxiety. t-test, Chi-square test, pearson's correlation and Logistic regression analysis were used in data analyses. Results: The results of Logistic regression analysis showed after adjusting demographic characteristics for odd ratio of anxiety, active copings such as positive re-interpretation and growth with odds ratios; 95% confidence interval: 0.82 (0.76, 0.89), problem engagement (0.92 [0.87, 0.97]), acceptance (0.82 [0.74, 0.92]) and also among perceived social supports, family (0.77 [0.71, 0.84]) and others (0.84 [0.76, 0.91]) were protective. In addition to, for odd ratio of depression, active copings such as positive re-interpretation and growth (0.74 [0.69, 0.79]), problem engagement (0.89 [0.86, 0.93]), and support seeking (0.96 [0.93, 0.99]) and all of social support types (family [0.75 (0.70, 0.80)], friends [0.90 (0.85, 0.95)] and others [0.80 (0.75, 0.86)]) were protective. Avoidance was risk factor for both of anxiety (1.19 [1.12, 1.27]) and depression (1.22 [1.16, 1.29]). Conclusion: This study shows active coping styles and perceived social supports particularly positive re-interpretation and family social support are protective factors for depression and anxiety. PMID:25538777

  10. Social support and functional outcome in severe mental illness: the mediating role of proactive coping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Lisa; Brekke, John

    2014-01-30

    Individuals with Severe Mental Illness (SMI) are faced with wide-spread social and occupational impairment, yet some are able to achieve a meaningful degree of functional improvement. A structural model based on Proactive Coping Theory was developed and tested in a longitudinal context to better understand: (1) the impact of proactive processes on functioning for people with SMI, and (2) the stability of the theoretical framework over time for this population. A latent path analysis examining social support, positive reappraisal, intrinsic motivation, and role functioning was tested with 148 severely mentally ill individuals receiving psychosocial rehabilitation treatment at baseline. An observed path analysis of the model was examined at six months post-baseline with 102 people. The baseline model displayed an excellent fit to the data and accounted for 54% of the variance in role functioning. Results at time 2 also suggest the empirical promise and potential longitudinal viability of the model. In line with Proactive Coping Theory and a social resources model of coping, social support may facilitate proactive coping processes to enhance role functioning, and these processes may be stable over time for people with SMI.

  11. Relationships among hope, coping style and social support for breast cancer patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Jing; GAO Wei; WANG Ping; WU Zhong-hui

    2010-01-01

    Background Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in women, and its incidence seems to have gradually increased every year. During the treatment of breast cancer, patients suffer psychological morbidity, and hope is one important factor in maintaining psychological health. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the level of hope in Chinese women with breast cancer during chemotherapy and confirmed the relationships among hope, coping style, and social support.Methods One hundred and fifty-nine inpatients with breast cancer who were undergoing chemotherapy in two affiliated hospitals of Harbin Medical University were recruited and investigated. Each patient completed the Herth Hope Index (HHI), Jalowiec Coping Scale (JCS), and the social support scale made by XIAO Shui-yuan, and provided general demographic data.Results The mean hope level of the 159 patients with breast cancer was 38.62±4.56. There was a statistical difference between the hope level and monthly income. Analysis of results from the Pearson test showed no relationship between the hope level and coping style; however, there were positive relationships between hope and optimism, hope and self-reliance, and hope and palliative coping styles. In contrast, negative relationships were found between hope and the fatalistic and emotional coping styles. The total score of hope and social support had significantly positive relationship for the three scales.Conclusions Patients with breast cancer achieved high levels of hope, with the level of hope being proportional to increase in the income. During chemotherapy, patients with breast cancer had adopted many coping styles.

  12. How Important Are Social Support, Expectations and Coping Patterns during Cardiac Rehabilitation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria J. C. Blikman

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To investigate the predictive role of relevant social and psychosocial determinants on emotional distress among patients after cardiac rehabilitation. Methods. A longitudinal prospective study examined short-term (6 months and long-term (2 years impact of predictors on anxiety and depression complaints in 183 patients with 6-months follow-up data attending a four-week rehabilitation stay at the Krokeide Centre in Bergen, Norway. The patients mainly suffered from coronary heart disease. Emotional distress, coping, social support, socioeconomic status, and negative expectations were measured by means of internationally validated questionnaires. A composite score of anxiety and depression complaints was used as the outcome measure in the study. Results. This study revealed that task-oriented coping improved emotional status in long-term followup, and negative expectations were associated with emotional distress in short-term followup. A higher socioeconomic status and more social support predicted improved emotional status in short- as well as long-term followup. Conclusions. Fewer negative expectations and functional coping along with social support are important factors for the prevention of emotional distress after cardiac disease. Such elements should be addressed and encouraged in patients during cardiac rehabilitation.

  13. Employment Status and Mental Health: Mediating Roles of Social Support and Coping Strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perreault, Michel; Touré, El Hadj; Perreault, Nicole; Caron, Jean

    2016-08-27

    Although it has been established that unemployment and underemployment increase distress and depression, the psychological mechanisms involved are not very clear. This study examines the roles of social support and coping strategies as mediators of the association between employment status and mental health, as well as gender and age differences as moderators. Residents from the epidemiological catchment area of south-west Montreal responded to a randomized household survey for adults in 2009. A follow-up was conducted based on participants' employment status 2 and 4 years later. ANOVAs tests were computed with SPSS to evaluate group differences, and structural equation modeling was performed with AMOS to test mediation effects. At baseline, among participants between 18 and 64 years old (n = 2325), 14.3 % were unemployed/not studying, 14.4 % worked part-time, and 56.5 % worked full-time. Employment status was found to significantly affect depression among those under 45 years old (chi-square = 23.4, p full-time employment with depression, which was fully mediated by social support, less coping with drugs/medication, and less distress. A negative association with full-time employment was also noted with distress, which was partially mediated by increased social support, coping with alcohol, and less coping with drugs/medication. The total indirect effect suggests that full-time employees generally have more resources and do not tend to use avoidance strategies like coping with drugs/medication, resulting in less distress (β = -0.05; p employment, namely full-time employment, in communities.

  14. Social Support, Depression, Self-Esteem, and Coping Among LGBTQ Adolescents Participating in Hatch Youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkerson, J Michael; Schick, Vanessa R; Romijnders, Kim A; Bauldry, Jessica; Butame, Seyram A

    2017-05-01

    Evidence-based interventions that increase social support have the potential to improve the health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) youth. Hatch Youth is a group-level intervention that provides services four nights a week to LGBTQ youth between 13 and 20 years of age. Each Hatch Youth meeting is organized into three 1-hour sections: unstructured social time, consciousness-raising (education), and a youth-led peer support group. Youth attending a Hatch Youth meeting between March and June 2014 (N = 108) completed a cross-sectional survey. Covariate adjusted regression models were used to examine the association between attendance, perceived social support, depressive symptomology, self-esteem, and coping ability. Compared to those who attended Hatch Youth for less than 1 month, participants who attended 1 to 6 months or more than 6 months reported higher social support (β1-6mo. = 0.57 [0.07, 1.07]; β6+mo. = 0.44, 95% confidence interval [CI; 0.14, 0.75], respectively). Increased social support was associated with decreased depressive symptomology (β = -4.84, 95% CI [-6.56, -3.12]), increased self-esteem (β = 0.72, 95% CI [0.38, 1.06]), and improved coping ability (β = 1.00, 95% CI [0.66, 1.35]). Hatch Youth is a promising intervention that has the potential to improve the mental health and reduce risk behavior of LGBTQ youth.

  15. Life events, social support, coping strategies, and quality of life in attempted suicide: A case-control study

    OpenAIRE

    Kumar, P. N. Suresh; George, Biju

    2013-01-01

    Background: Though deliberate self-harm encompasses a wide variety of medical and social disciplines some of the important psychosocial variable such as life events, social support, coping strategies, and quality of life have not yet been explored in depth in India. Aims: The aim was to analyze and compare the type and severity of life events, coping strategies, social support, and quality of life of suicide attempters versus matched normal controls, and to identify the risk factors leading t...

  16. Problem-Solving Coping and Social Support as Mediators of Academic Stress and Suicidal Ideation Among Malaysian and Indian Adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Aqeel; Hamdan, Abdul Rahim; Ahmad, Roslee; Mustaffa, Mohamed Sharif; Mahalle, Salwa

    2016-02-01

    This study examined whether productive coping styles and social support were significant mediators of the relationship between academic stress and suicidal ideation. The survey was performed on a sample of 300 Malaysian and 300 Indian college students. The participants completed psychological assessments of productive coping styles, social support, academic stress, and suicidal ideation. Significant cultural and demographic differences emerged. Indian students reported higher suicidal ideation and academic stress than did Malaysian students, and Malaysian students received more social support and had better problem-solving coping styles than did Indian students. Overall, students who were male, non-religious, and from low-income families reported more academic stress and more suicidal ideation. Productive coping styles and overall social support strongly affected the relationship between academic stress and suicidal ideation among both countries' participants.

  17. Social Support as a Mediator between Internalized Stigma and Coping Behaviors of Individuals with Substance Abuse Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chou, Chih-Chin; Robb, Jayci Lynn; Clay, Matthew Christopher; Chronister, Julie Ann

    2013-01-01

    In this study, 51 individuals from online substance abuse support groups were surveyed to investigate the mediating role of social support on the relationship between internalized stigma and coping. Regression and bootstrapping were conducted to perform mediation analysis. Findings suggest that social support mediates the negative impact of…

  18. Resilience in Adolescents: Protective Role of Social Support, Coping Strategies, Self-Esteem, and Social Activities on Experience of Stress and Depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumont, Michelle; Provost, Marc A.

    1999-01-01

    Classified 141 8th graders and 156 11th graders as well adjusted, resilient, and vulnerable, and then investigated for differences on self-esteem, social support, coping strategies, and social life. Self-esteem, problem-solving coping strategies, and antisocial and illegal activities with peers helped to discriminate the groups. (Contains 86…

  19. Resilience in Adolescents: Protective Role of Social Support, Coping Strategies, Self-Esteem, and Social Activities on Experience of Stress and Depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumont, Michelle; Provost, Marc A.

    1999-01-01

    Classified 141 8th graders and 156 11th graders as well adjusted, resilient, and vulnerable, and then investigated for differences on self-esteem, social support, coping strategies, and social life. Self-esteem, problem-solving coping strategies, and antisocial and illegal activities with peers helped to discriminate the groups. (Contains 86…

  20. Family burden, child disability, and the adjustment of mothers caring for children with epilepsy: Role of social support and coping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, Jeffrey M; Miller, Paul A

    2017-03-01

    This study was designed to contribute to the existing research on the coping behaviors, social support, and mental health outcomes in parents of children with epilepsy in the United States. Participants included 152, predominantly Caucasian (89.5%), married (78.9%) women (95.4%). Via a web-based interface, mothers completed questionnaires assessing the impact of their child's disability on their family (i.e., severity of their child's disability, family burden, and personal stress), social resources (i.e., perceived social support), coping (i.e., emotion-focused and social support seeking), and adjustment (i.e., depression and anxiety). After controlling for demographic variables, mediational analysis revealed that mothers' perceptions of the severity of their child's disability were associated with decreased perceived social support, which was then related to higher reported levels of depression and anxiety. Similarly, low levels of perceived social support partially mediated the relation between family burden and depression, anxiety, and stress. Finally, mothers' perceptions of the severity of their children's disability and family burden were unrelated to their reports of emotion-focused or social support seeking coping. However, their use of emotion-focused and social support seeking behaviors was related to lower levels of depression. Low levels of perceived social support may help to explain the mechanisms underlying the relation between mothers' perceptions of the severity of their child's disability and family burden on their mental health adjustment, such as depression and anxiety. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. The Role of the Family Environment and Computer-Mediated Social Support on Breast Cancer Patients' Coping Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoo, Woohyun; Shah, Dhavan V.; Shaw, Bret R.; Kim, Eunkyung; Smaglik, Paul; Roberts, Linda J.; Hawkins, Robert P.; Pingree, Suzanne; Mcdowell, Helene; Gustafson, David H.

    2014-01-01

    Despite the importance of family environment and computer-mediated social support (CMSS) for women with breast cancer, little is known about the interplay of these sources of care and assistance on patients' coping strategies. To understand this relation, the authors examined the effect of family environment as a predictor of the use of CMSS groups as well as a moderator of the relation between group participation and forms of coping. Data were collected from 111 patients in CMSS groups in the Comprehensive Health Enhancement Support System “Living with Breast Cancer” intervention. Results indicate that family environment plays a crucial role in (a) predicting breast cancer patient's participation in CMSS groups and (b) moderating the effects of use of CMSS groups on breast cancer patients' coping strategies such as problem-focused coping and emotion-focused coping. PMID:24511907

  2. Job strain and psychological distress among employed pregnant Thai women: role of social support and coping strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanguanklin, Natthananporn; McFarlin, Barbara L; Finnegan, Lorna; Park, Chang Gi; Giurgescu, Carmen; White-Traut, Rosemary; Engstrom, Janet L

    2014-08-01

    Most Thai women continue to work throughout their pregnancy; however, little is known about job strain and its relation to psychological distress. This study aimed to examine: (1) the direct effects of job strain, perceived workplace support, perceived family support, and coping strategies on psychological distress and (2) the moderating effect of perceived workplace support, perceived family support, and coping strategies on the relationship between job strain and psychological distress. Lazarus and Folkman's transactional model of stress and coping guided this cross-sectional study. Full-time employed pregnant women (N = 300) were recruited from three antenatal clinics in Thailand. Thai versions of the following instruments were used: the State-Anxiety Inventory and Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (psychological distress), the Job Content Questionnaire (job strain and perceived workplace support), the Medical Outcome Study Social Support Survey (perceived family support), and the Ways of Coping Checklist-Revised (coping strategies). Job strain with other predictors explained 54% of the variance in psychological distress. In the separate hierarchical multiple linear regression models, two types of coping strategies, seeking social support and wishful thinking, moderated the effects of job strain on psychological distress. Perceived family support had a direct effect in reducing psychological distress. Job strain is a significant contributor to psychological distress. The average levels of seeking social support and wishful thinking were most beneficial in moderating the negative impact of job strain on psychological distress. Since perceived workplace and family support did not have moderating effects, stress management programs for decreasing the levels of job strain should be developed.

  3. Extraversion Personality Traits and Social Support as Determinants of Coping Responses among Individuals with HIV/AIDs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azra Shaheen

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between extraversion personality trait, social support and coping responses among individuals with HIV/AIDS. After detailed literature review, following hypotheses were formulated a. There would be a positive correlation between Extraversion and problem-focused coping in individual with HIV/AIDS. b. Social support play a role as mediating factor in the relationship between coping responses and Extraversion in individual with HIV/AIDS. This study is based on co-relational research design. The sample consisted of 60 participants, selected from different organizations and hospitals that deal with HIV/AIDS patients. As in Karachi (Pakistan most of the identified HIV/AIDS cases were substance addicts, hence the entire sample was of male substance addicts; selected in order to study the phenomenon from their perspective. The age range of the participants was from 18 to 50 years (mean age; 32 years; SD=8.4. After taking the consent from the participants, NEO Five factor Inventory NEOFFI; [1] (Urdu translation, The Coping Responses Inventory- Adult Form CRIAdult; [2] (Urdu translation and Multidimensional Scale for Perceived social support [3], (Urdu translation were administered to measure personality traits, coping responses and level of social support respectively. Prior to the administration of tests permission for Urdu translation was taken from the publishers. To obtain the results descriptive statistics, Pearson Product Moment co-efficient of correlation and step-wise regression were calculated. It was found that there is a significant positive relationship between extraversion and problem-focused coping (r = 0.420, p< 0.001 and it was found that extraversion predicts problem focused coping responses (F, 6.105, p< 0.05. Research findings from the present study showed that those HIV/AIDS patients who have extraversion personality traits are more likely to use problem focused

  4. Social support, coping strategies and health-related quality of life among primary caregivers of stroke survivors in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Yunhong; Hu, Jie; Efird, Jimmy T; McCoy, Thomas P

    2013-08-01

    To examine the relationships of social support and coping strategies to health-related quality of life among primary caregivers of stroke survivors in China. Caring for a stroke survivor is highly stressful, which can negatively affect a caregiver's physical and psychological well-being. Stroke caregivers generally report more somatic symptoms, depressive symptoms, sleep disorders and social isolation. They generally have poorer quality of life than the general population. A cross-sectional, descriptive, correlational study. A quasi-random, point of reference sample of 121 survivor-caregiver dyads was recruited from three community health centres and six health service stations in a city in central China. Data were collected in face-to-face interviews at participants' homes using structured questionnaires. Higher educational levels, planning and active coping were positively associated with health-related quality of life. The number of chronic conditions, hours of care per day and functional dependence of the survivor were negatively related to quality of life. Active coping strategies predicted better health-related quality of life. Findings suggest that intervention programmes should be developed to enhance caregivers of stroke survivors' coping skills and improve social support for these caregivers in China. Community healthcare providers may need to help caregivers strengthen strategies that are effective (planning, active coping, seeking instrumental and emotional support) and change those that are not helpful (venting, denial and self-blame). © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  5. Distress, coping, and social support among rural women recently diagnosed with primary breast cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koopman, C; Angell, K; Turner-Cobb, J M; Kreshka, M A; Donnelly, P; McCoy, R; Turkseven, A; Graddy, K; Giese-Davis, J; Spiegel, D

    2001-01-01

    This study examined distress, coping, and group support among a sample of rural women who had been recently diagnosed with breast cancer. We recruited 100 women who had been diagnosed with primary breast cancer at one of two time points in their medical treatment: either within a window up to 3 months after their diagnosis of breast cancer, or within 6 months after completing medical treatment for breast cancer. Their mean age was 58.6 years (SD = 11.6), and 90% were of white/European American ethnicity. Women completed a battery of demographic and psychosocial measures prior to being randomized into a psychoeducational intervention study, and then again 3 months later at a follow-up assessment. The focus of this article is on the women's self-reported psychosocial status at baseline. Many of the women experienced considerable traumatic stress regarding their breast cancer. However, this distress was not reflected in a standard measure of mood disturbance that is frequently used in intervention research (the Profile of Mood States). The average woman considered her diagnosis of breast cancer to be among the four most stressful life events that she had ever experienced. Also, women on average reported a high level of helplessness/hopelessness in coping with their cancer. On average, women felt that they "often" (but not "very often") received instrumental assistance, emotional support, and informational support. Women varied considerably in which kind of social group provided them with the most support, with as many reporting that they found the greatest support in spiritual/church groups or within their family units as with breast or general cancer groups. These results suggest that among these rural women with breast cancer, distress with the diagnosis of breast cancer must be carefully assessed, as women who are highly distressed about their breast cancer may not report general mood disturbance. Furthermore, the kinds of groups that rural women with breast cancer

  6. Attachment Style, Social Support, and Coping as Psychosocial Correlates of Happiness in Persons with Spinal Cord Injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Lisa; Catalano, Denise; Sung, Connie; Phillips, Brian; Chou, Chih-Chin; Chan, Jacob Yui Chung; Chan, Fong

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To examine the roles of attachment, social support, and coping as psychosocial correlates in predicting happiness in people with spinal cord injuries. Design: Quantitative descriptive research design using multiple regression and correlation techniques. Participants: 274 individuals with spinal cord injuries. Outcome Measures: Happiness…

  7. Attachment Style, Social Support, and Coping as Psychosocial Correlates of Happiness in Persons with Spinal Cord Injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Lisa; Catalano, Denise; Sung, Connie; Phillips, Brian; Chou, Chih-Chin; Chan, Jacob Yui Chung; Chan, Fong

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To examine the roles of attachment, social support, and coping as psychosocial correlates in predicting happiness in people with spinal cord injuries. Design: Quantitative descriptive research design using multiple regression and correlation techniques. Participants: 274 individuals with spinal cord injuries. Outcome Measures: Happiness…

  8. Social Support, Discrimination, and Coping as Predictors of Posttraumatic Stress Reactions in Youth Survivors of Hurricane Katrina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pina, Armando A.; Villalta, Ian K.; Ortiz, Claudio D.; Gottschall, Amanda C.; Costa, Natalie M.; Weems, Carl F.

    2008-01-01

    This study examined the influence of aspects of the post-Hurricane Katrina recovery environment (i.e., discrimination, social support) and coping behaviors on children's posttraumatic stress reactions (symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD], anxiety, and depression). Data corresponding to 46 youth (M = 11.43 years; 39% girls; 33% African…

  9. Predictors of Academic-Related Stress in College Students: An Examination of Coping, Social Support, Parenting, and Anxiety

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Tara; Renk, Kimberly

    2007-01-01

    This study examined potential predictors of the academic-related stress experienced by college students. In particular, the relationships among the coping strategies used by college students, social support, the parenting style used by college students' mothers and fathers, college students' experience of anxiety, and academic-related stress were…

  10. Available Supports and Coping Behaviors of Mental Health Social Workers Following Fatal and Nonfatal Client Suicidal Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ting, Laura; Jacobson, Jodi M.; Sanders, Sara

    2008-01-01

    Research indicates that mental health social workers risk being confronted with fatal and nonfatal client suicidal behaviors during professional practice. Although reactions to client suicidal behavior have been documented, there is little empirical evidence about coping behaviors and available supports following client suicidal behavior. This…

  11. The Impact of Neighborhood Environment, Social Support and Avoidance Coping on Depressive Symptoms of Pregnant African American Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giurgescu, Carmen; Zenk, Shannon N.; Templin, Thomas; Engeland, Christopher G.; Dancy, Barbara L.; Park, Chang; Kavanaugh, Karen; Dieber, William; Misra, Dawn

    2015-01-01

    Background Although depressive symptoms during pregnancy have been related to negative maternal and child health outcomes such as preterm birth, low birthweight infants, postpartum depression and maladaptive mother-infant interactions, studies on the impact of neighborhood environment on depressive symptoms in pregnant women are limited. Pregnant women residing in disadvantaged neighborhoods reported higher levels of depressive symptoms and lower levels of social support. No researchers have examined the relationship between neighborhood environment and avoidance coping in pregnant women. Guided by the Ecological model and Lazarus and Folkman’s transactional model of stress and coping, we examined whether social support and avoidance coping mediated associations between the neighborhood environment and depressive symptoms in pregnant African American women. Methods Pregnant African American women (N = 95) from a medical center in Chicago completed the instruments twice during pregnancy between 15-25 weeks and 25-37 weeks. The self-administered instruments measured perceived neighborhood environment, social support, avoidance coping, and depressive symptoms using items from existing scales. Objective measures of the neighborhood environment were derived using geographic information systems. Findings Perceived neighborhood environment, social support, avoidance coping and depressive symptoms were significantly correlated in the expected directions. Objective physical disorder and crime were negatively related to social support. Social support at time one (20 ± 2.6 weeks) mediated associations between the perceived neighborhood environment at time one and depressive symptoms at time two (29 ± 2.7 weeks). An increase in avoidance coping between time one and time two also mediated the effects of perceived neighborhood environment at time one on depressive symptoms at time two. Conclusion Pregnant African American women’s negative perceptions of their neighborhoods

  12. The dynamics and processes of social support: families' experiences coping with a serious paediatric illness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gage, Elizabeth A

    2013-03-01

    A large body of research has revealed that social support helps buffer the negative consequences of stressful life events. Yet research also suggests that social support exchanges involve complex interpersonal dynamics. Using in-depth interview data from 76 parents of paediatric cancer patients in the US, the findings demonstrate that parents experienced difficulty sustaining support after the diagnosis crisis, uncertainty about how to ask for the support they needed and challenges managing support efforts. Given these complexities in negotiating social support, this article examines the mechanics of effective social support exchanges. The findings show the importance of the nature of the pre-existing relationship between the support recipient and provider, as well as the interactions throughout the period of support. For example, parents found support efforts that involved frequent interactions and involvement in families' daily lives (such as help with childcare) most effective when the support provider was a close network member. In contrast, support offered from members of extended networks was most effective when the effort required little marshalling from the parents, did not need to be asked for and did not intrude in the families' private lives. These findings contribute to the medical sociology and social support literature by analysing the conditions under which effective support efforts are marshalled.

  13. Relationship of caregiver burden with coping strategies, social support, psychological morbidity, and quality of life in the caregivers of schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kate, Natasha; Grover, Sandeep; Kulhara, Parmanand; Nehra, Ritu

    2013-10-01

    To evaluate the relationship of caregiver burden as assessed by using Hindi Involvement Evaluation Questionnaire (IEQ) with coping strategies, social support, psychological morbidity, and quality of life of caregivers of patients with schizophrenia. Additionally, the relationship of caregiver-burden with sociodemographic variables, and clinical variables, including severity of psychopathology and level of functioning of patients, was studied. The study included 100 patients with schizophrenia and their caregivers recruited by purposive random sampling. Among the four domains of IEQ, highest number of correlations emerged with tension domain. Tension domain had positive correlation with the caregiver being single, time spent in caregiving per day, and use of avoidance, collusion, and coercion as coping strategies. Additionally, tension domain was associated with poor quality of life in all the domains of WHO-QOL Bref and was associated with higher psychological morbidity. Worrying urging-I domain of IEQ correlated with frequency of visits, higher use of problem focused coping and poor physical health as per the WHO-QOL Bref. Worrying urging-II domain of IEQ had positive correlation with higher level of positive symptoms, lower level of functioning of the patient, younger age of caregiver, caregiver being unmarried, and higher use problem focused and seeking social support as coping strategies. Supervision domain of IEQ correlated positively with lower income, being an unmarried caregiver, from an urban locality and non-nuclear family. Supervision domain was associated with poor physical health as assessed by WHO-QOL Bref. Caregiving burden, especially tension is associated with use of maladaptive coping strategies, poor quality of life and higher level of psychological morbidity in caregivers. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Religious Coping, Social Support and Subjective Severity as Predictors of Posttraumatic Growth in People Affected by the Earthquake in Chile on 27/2/2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe E. García

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to study the impact of religious coping, social support and subjective severity on Posttraumatic Growth (PTG in people who lost their homes after the earthquake in Chile in 2010 and who now live in transitional shelters. One hundred sixteen adult men and women were evaluated using a subjective severity scale, the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS scale of social support and the Brief RCOPE scale of religious coping. The multiple linear regression analysis shows that social support and positive religious coping have an impact on PTG. On using a bootstrap estimate, it was found that positive religious coping fully mediates the relationship between subjective severity and PTG.

  15. Grandparents Raising Grandchildren: The Role of Social Support in Coping with Caregiving Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerard, Jean M.; Landry-Meyer, Laura; Roe, Jacqueline Guzell

    2006-01-01

    In this investigation of 133 grandparents with primary responsibility for their grandchildren, we examined the potential moderating role of social support in the association between caregiver stressors and grandparents' general well-being. Enacted formal support buffered the association between grandchild health problems and both grandparent…

  16. The role of vulnerability in stress-related insomnia, social support and coping styles on incidence and persistence of insomnia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarrin, Denise C; Chen, Ivy Y; Ivers, Hans; Morin, Charles M

    2014-12-01

    Individuals who are more prone to experience situational insomnia under stressful conditions may also be at greater risk to develop subsequent insomnia. While cross-sectional data exist on the link between sleep reactivity (heightened vulnerability to stress-related insomnia) and insomnia, limited data exist on its predictive value. The aim of the study was to evaluate prospectively whether sleep reactivity was associated with increased risk of incident and persistent insomnia in a population-based sample of good sleepers. Social support and coping styles were also investigated as potential moderators. Participants were 1449 adults (Mage  = 47.4 years, standard deviation = 15.1; 41.2% male) without insomnia at baseline and evaluated four times over 3 years. Sleep reactivity was measured using the Ford Insomnia Response to Stress Test (FIRST). Additional measures included depressive symptoms, the frequency and perceived impact of stressful life events, social support and coping styles. After controlling for prior sleep history, depressive symptoms, arousal predisposition, stressful life events and perceived impact, individuals with higher sleep reactivity had an odds ratio (OR) of 1.56 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.13-2.16], 1.41 (95% CI: 0.87-2.30) and 2.02 (95% CI: 1.30-3.15) of developing insomnia symptoms, syndrome and persistent insomnia, respectively. Social support and coping styles did not moderate these associations. Results suggest that heightened vulnerability to insomnia is associated with an increased risk of developing new-onset subsyndromal and persistent insomnia in good sleepers. Knowledge of premorbid differences is important to identify at-risk individuals, as this may help to develop more targeted prevention and intervention strategies for insomnia.

  17. The relationship between educational stress, stress coping, self-esteem, social support, and health status among nursing students in Turkey: A structural equation modeling approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yıldırım, N; Karaca, A; Cangur, S; Acıkgoz, F; Akkus, D

    2017-01-01

    Nursing education can be a stressful experience. To fully benefit from this experience and develop a positive professional identity, it is essential for nursing students to effectively cope with education-related stress. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationships between nursing students' education-related stress and stress coping, self-esteem, social support, and health status. This study utilized a cross-sectional, descriptive, and correlational design. The sample consisted 517 nursing students from a bachelor program in Turkey during the 2014-2015 academic year. Participants provided data on sociodemographic characteristics as well as completing the following instruments: Nursing Education Stress Scale, Coping Behavior Inventory for Nursing Students, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and General Health Questionnaire. Relationships were examined using multivariate structural equation modeling. Results indicated that nursing students' stress coping levels were affected by self-esteem and social support. Additionally, this interaction appears to affect general health status. Although the direct effect of stress on coping was non-significant, its overall effect was significant within the model. It is necessary to conduct further intervention studies examining the role of self-esteem and social support in facilitating nursing students' stress-related coping during their education. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Coping with Workplace Violence in Healthcare Settings: Social Support and Strategies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siqi Zhao

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available A cross-sectional survey of healthcare professionals from 19 hospitals in six cities of Heilongjiang Province, China was conducted. This study had two objectives: (1 to examine the factors influencing healthcare workers’ opinions of strategies to prevent workplace violence, using social support theory, and (2 to encourage healthcare organisations and the larger society to offer greater support to healthcare workers. The respondents exposed to workplace violence expected to receive organisational and social support. Those exposed to psychological violence had a strong opinion of the need for target training to strengthen their competence in responding to violence (OR = 1.319, 95% CI: 1.034–1.658 and enacting workplace violence legislation (OR = 1.968, 95% CI: 1.523–2.543.Those exposed to physical violence thought it might be useful to reinforce staff with back-up support (OR = 3.101, 95% CI: 1.085–8.860. Those exposed to both types of violence and those with high anxiety levels need greater support at both the organisational and societal levels.

  19. Coping with Workplace Violence in Healthcare Settings: Social Support and Strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Siqi; Liu, He; Ma, Hongkun; Jiao, Mingli; Li, Ye; Hao, Yanhua; Sun, Yihua; Gao, Lijun; Hong, Sun; Kang, Zheng; Wu, Qunhong; Qiao, Hong

    2015-11-13

    A cross-sectional survey of healthcare professionals from 19 hospitals in six cities of Heilongjiang Province, China was conducted. This study had two objectives: (1) to examine the factors influencing healthcare workers' opinions of strategies to prevent workplace violence, using social support theory, and (2) to encourage healthcare organisations and the larger society to offer greater support to healthcare workers. The respondents exposed to workplace violence expected to receive organisational and social support. Those exposed to psychological violence had a strong opinion of the need for target training to strengthen their competence in responding to violence (OR = 1.319, 95% CI: 1.034-1.658) and enacting workplace violence legislation (OR = 1.968, 95% CI: 1.523-2.543).Those exposed to physical violence thought it might be useful to reinforce staff with back-up support (OR = 3.101, 95% CI: 1.085-8.860). Those exposed to both types of violence and those with high anxiety levels need greater support at both the organisational and societal levels.

  20. Dispositional coping, coping effectiveness, and cognitive social maturity among adolescent athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicholls, Adam R; Perry, John L; Jones, Leigh; Morley, Dave; Carson, Fraser

    2013-06-01

    It is accepted among scholars that coping changes as people mature during adolescence, but little is known about the relationship between maturity and coping. The purpose of this paper was to assess a model, which included dispositional coping, coping effectiveness, and cognitive social maturity. We predicted that cognitive social maturity would have a direct effect on coping effectiveness, and also an indirect impact via dispositional coping. Two hundred forty-five adolescent athletes completed measures of dispositional coping, coping effectiveness, and cognitive social maturity, which has three dimensions: conscientiousness, peer influence on behavior, and rule following. Using structural equation modeling, we found support for our model, suggesting that coping is related to cognitive social maturity. This information can be used to influence the content of coping interventions for adolescents of different maturational levels.

  1. The partial mediation effect of satisfaction with social support and coping effectiveness on health-related quality of life and perceived stress long-term after heart transplantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    White-Williams C

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Connie White-Williams,1 Kathleen L Grady,2 Pariya Fazeli,1 Susan Myers,1 Linda Moneyham,3 Karen Meneses,3 Bruce Rybarczyk4 1University of Alabama Medical Center, Birmingham, AL, USA; 2Division of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA; 3School of Nursing, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA; 4Department of Psychology, Clinical Psychology Program, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA Abstract: The purpose of this research was to examine whether satisfaction with social support and coping effectiveness mediate the relationship between stress and health-related quality of life (HRQOL 5 years after heart transplantation. Data were collected from 212 heart transplant patients (80% male, 92% white, mean age 59.9 years at four United States sites using the Heart Transplant Stressor Scale, Social Support Index, Jalowiec Coping Scale, and Quality of Life Index. Using Baron and Kenny's approach, a series of regression equations for mediation revealed that both satisfaction with social support and coping partially mediated the relationship between perceived stress and HRQOL. Understanding the relationships of social support, stress, and coping on patients' HRQOL is important for the development of interventions to provide optimal patient care. Keywords: heart transplantation, social support, coping, stress, mediation

  2. Impact of Perceived Stress, Anxiety-Depression and Social Support on Coping Strategies of Parents Having A Child With Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goussé, Véronique; Czernecki, Virginie; Denis, Pierre; Stilgenbauer, Jean-Louis; Deniau, Emmanuelle; Hartmann, Andreas

    2016-02-01

    Previous reports have indicated that raising a child with Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) could be considered a stressful experience. Thus our study aimed to assess the impact of perceived stress (i.e. parental cognitive perception of their child's disorder) and social support (number of people surrounding the subject providing support) on coping strategies-defined as processes of restoring balance between excessive demands and inadequate resources-of parents having a child with GTS. Twenty-eight parents of 21 patients with GTS (aged 6 to 16years) completed questionnaires on perceived stress (ALE Scale), social support (SSQ6), coping strategies (WCC-R) and anxiety-depression (HAD). Principal component analysis showed a negative correlation between social support on one side and perceived stress and anxiety/depression on the other. Problem- and emotion-focused coping both correlated with social support, all of them being independent from perceived stress and anxiety/depression. Hierarchical ascendant classification showed three clusters of individuals in our parents' groups: i) those having high scores in perceived stress and anxiety-depression; ii) those having high scores in social support associated with low scores in perceived stress; iii) parents having lower than average scores on both problem- and emotion- focused coping and social support. Our results reinforce the need for developing training programs for parents with GTS children to better understand and tolerate the disorder to decrease their stress. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Mediating Effects of Coping, Personal Belief, and Social Support on the Relationship among Stress, Depression, and Smoking Behaviour in University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Jing; Buys, Nicholas; Stewart, Donald; Shum, David

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether university students' smoking behaviour is associated with higher levels of stress and depression directly, or indirectly, via the mediation of coping, personal beliefs and social support. Design/methodology/approach: The study design involves a cross-sectional survey. Structural equation…

  4. Mediating Effects of Coping, Personal Belief, and Social Support on the Relationship among Stress, Depression, and Smoking Behaviour in University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Jing; Buys, Nicholas; Stewart, Donald; Shum, David

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether university students' smoking behaviour is associated with higher levels of stress and depression directly, or indirectly, via the mediation of coping, personal beliefs and social support. Design/methodology/approach: The study design involves a cross-sectional survey. Structural equation…

  5. Thinking big, supporting families and enabling coping: the value of social work in patient and family centered health care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig, Shelley L; Betancourt, Itanni; Muskat, Barbara

    2015-01-01

    Patient and family-centered care has become a focus in health services. Social work has a rich history of providing responsive patient care. This study identified the contribution and value of social work to PFCC from the key stakeholder perspectives of health social workers (n = 65). Utilizing interpretive description, four themes emerged: (1) Thinking big and holistically, (2) Intervening with families, (3) Enabling patient and family coping, and (4) Maximizing hospital and community resources. Barriers included a lack of power, professional isolation and role creep. Implications for research and practice are provided.

  6. Health-Related Coping and Social Interaction in People with Multiple Sclerosis Supported by a Social Network: Pilot Study With a New Methodological Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavorgna, Luigi; Russo, Antonio; De Stefano, Manuela; Lanzillo, Roberta; Esposito, Sabrina; Moshtari, Fatemeh; Rullani, Francesco; Piscopo, Kyrie; Buonanno, Daniela; Brescia Morra, Vincenzo; Gallo, Antonio; Tedeschi, Gioacchino; Bonavita, Simona

    2017-07-14

    .com was perceived by users to be a useful tool to support health-related coping and social interaction, and may suggest a new kind of therapeutic alliance between physicians and people with MS.

  7. The social epidemiology of coping with infertility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, L; Christensen, Ulla; Holstein, B E

    2004-01-01

    BACKGROUND: To analyse the cross-sectional association between coping responses with infertility and occupational social class. Infertility is evenly distributed across social classes in Denmark, and there is free access to high-quality assisted reproduction technology. METHODS: Data were based...... passive-avoidance coping and significantly less active-avoidance coping. CONCLUSION: Due to the significant social differences in coping with infertility, the study suggested that elements of coping may be learned from one's social network and reference group....... was developed in four categories: active-avoidance coping; active-confronting coping; passive-avoidance coping; meaning-based coping. These subscales were later confirmed by factor analysis. Occupational social class was measured in a standardized way. RESULTS: Contrary to expectations, the logistic regression...

  8. Coping strategies to manage acculturative stress: Meaningful activity participation, social support, and positive emotion among Korean immigrant adolescents in the USA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junhyoung Kim

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available During acculturation, Asian immigrant adolescents have numerous challenges such as language barriers, cultural and ethnic differences, different school environments, discrimination experiences, and intergroup conflicts and tension. These challenges generate acculturative stress, which negatively affects the perception of health and well-being among Asian immigrant adolescents. This article explored how Asian immigrant adolescents perceive and cope with acculturative stress. In particular, this study examined the stress-coping strategies in the adaptation process as experienced by Korean immigrant adolescents. Three main themes associated with the stress-coping strategies were captured: (a engagement in meaningful activities; (b social support; and (c positive emotion. This finding implies that Asian immigrant adolescents create and develop their own strategies to deal with acculturative stress, which results in a sense of happiness and psychological well-being. This study discuss the future implications on how to improve the perception of health and well-being among Asian immigrant adolescents.

  9. Impact of stress, coping, social support, and resilience of families having children with autism: A North East India-based study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, Shyamanta; Das, Bornali; Nath, Kakoli; Dutta, Arunima; Bora, Priyanka; Hazarika, Mythili

    2017-08-01

    Children with autism (CWA) is a segment of population in North East India who are marginalized due to lack of resources like skilled manpower and perceived stress. In comparison to other states and countries whether these children are unique in terms of care and rehabilitation from adult caregivers was the focus of our study. The study assessed level of parental stress, social support, coping mechanisms used by family and resilience in meeting the challenges as caregivers. Parents were selected by simple random sampling from a multi-specialty center dedicated to CWA. They were assessed with the help of structured tools like the Parental Stress Scale, the social support appraisals scale, the coping self-efficacy scale, and the Family Resilience Assessment Scale. Results were analyzed with descriptive statistics and findings suggest definite stress among the parents of CWA. Personal time constraint was noticed in majority of parents, which had adversely affected their professional lives. Despite wide array of stress factors, family members had satisfactory coping skills to work in harmony in adverse circumstances. Regarding secondary social support in terms of family, friends, and neighbors, responses were mixed; religious and spirituality were often resorted avenues. Social desirability, fatigue and the sample being restricted to only one center were though the limitations but, this study throws light on pertinent issues related to families with CWA from a region where specialty centers are a rarity. The future implication could focus on CWA's future, rehabilitation, care and parental concerns which are grossly neglected in North East India. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Stress and social support

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shadiya Baqutayan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: This is an experimental study and it discusses the effectiveness of social support in managing academic stress among students. Aim: The purpose of this study is to understand the importance of social support in managing stress. Materials and Methods: Simple random sampling was assigned to a number of 120 students, equally divided into an experimental and a control group. Classes on social support as coping mechanisms were given to the experimental group only. The accumulated data were then analyzed, descriptive statistics were used to interpret and evaluate the prevalence of academic stress, and social support. Correlation analysis was employed in the examination of the relationship between stress and social support. Results: The findings of this study indicate that there are significant differences between the experimental group and the control group in relation to stress and social support. Eventually, the experimental group proved to cope with academic stress better than the control group, and they were satisfied with their academic performance during the experimentation. Conclusion: Hence, it is highly advisable to encourage the students to use social support as coping mechanisms.

  11. Illness behavior: prediction by symptoms, the Grossarth-Maticek and Eysenck Personality Types, neuroticism, life events, coping, health locus of control, social support, and attribution style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orejudo Hernández, Santos; Froján Parga, María Xesús; Malo Aznar, Carmen

    2007-11-01

    A study was carried out with 501 persons to analyze the predictive capacity of various psychosocial variables-symptom perception, neuroticism, Personality Types 2 and 4 of Grossarth-Maticek and Eysenck, beliefs about health, social support, or certain coping styles-on two health-related behaviors: the frequency of visits to the doctor and self-medication. The results were analyzed by two structural equation models that revealed that some of the variables have direct effects on the behaviors, whereas other variables, such as attribution style, coping styles, or the impact of the stressors, have indirect effects via the reported symptoms or neuroticism. In addition, self-medication and the frequency of health service visits are independent of each other, which shows that their determinants are different. It is concluded that to address these factors in the two health indicators, it is also necessary to take in account the psychosocial variables considered herein.

  12. Coping with Workplace Violence against General Practitioners and Nurses in Heilongjiang Province, China: Social Supports and Prevention Strategies.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siqi Zhao

    Full Text Available The study's objectives were to: 1 use social support theory to examine factors influencing healthcare workers' opinions about workplace violence (WPV prevention strategies, and 2 to determine the types of support that general practitioners (GPs and general nurses sought and expected to use after WPV exposure. A cross-sectional survey was used to assess a sample of 448 GPs and 412 general nurses from 90 township hospitals located in Heilongjiang province, China. Results revealed that workers exposed to physical, psychological or both WPV types had a strong opinion about the necessity of improving diagnosis/treatment competence, developing violence prevention guidelines and plans, using protective equipment, and reinforcing staff by providing back-up support. The last two strategies were also selected by tertiary hospital workers in our previous study. In addition, workers with high anxiety selected the following prevention strategies as most effective: improving doctor-patient communication skills; installing cameras on wards; keeping work areas bright; improvements in violence reporting, statistics, and interventions; security patrols in the key departments; reinforcing staff; and correcting inaccurate media perspectives and reports. The last four strategies were also selected by tertiary hospital workers. All respondents expected to receive organisational and social support. In conclusion, these prevention strategies should be tailored to the different requirements of specific populations. Furthermore, it is necessary for organisations, the public, and policymakers to provide powerful support in WPV prevention.

  13. Coping with Workplace Violence against General Practitioners and Nurses in Heilongjiang Province, China: Social Supports and Prevention Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, He; Gao, Lijun; Jiao, Mingli; Liu, Jinghua; Liang, Libo; Zhao, Yanming; Wu, Qunhong

    2016-01-01

    The study’s objectives were to: 1) use social support theory to examine factors influencing healthcare workers’ opinions about workplace violence (WPV) prevention strategies, and 2) to determine the types of support that general practitioners (GPs) and general nurses sought and expected to use after WPV exposure. A cross-sectional survey was used to assess a sample of 448 GPs and 412 general nurses from 90 township hospitals located in Heilongjiang province, China. Results revealed that workers exposed to physical, psychological or both WPV types had a strong opinion about the necessity of improving diagnosis/treatment competence, developing violence prevention guidelines and plans, using protective equipment, and reinforcing staff by providing back-up support. The last two strategies were also selected by tertiary hospital workers in our previous study. In addition, workers with high anxiety selected the following prevention strategies as most effective: improving doctor-patient communication skills; installing cameras on wards; keeping work areas bright; improvements in violence reporting, statistics, and interventions; security patrols in the key departments; reinforcing staff; and correcting inaccurate media perspectives and reports. The last four strategies were also selected by tertiary hospital workers. All respondents expected to receive organisational and social support. In conclusion, these prevention strategies should be tailored to the different requirements of specific populations. Furthermore, it is necessary for organisations, the public, and policymakers to provide powerful support in WPV prevention. PMID:27326460

  14. Coping with Workplace Violence against General Practitioners and Nurses in Heilongjiang Province, China: Social Supports and Prevention Strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Siqi; Qu, Lijun; Liu, He; Gao, Lijun; Jiao, Mingli; Liu, Jinghua; Liang, Libo; Zhao, Yanming; Wu, Qunhong

    2016-01-01

    The study's objectives were to: 1) use social support theory to examine factors influencing healthcare workers' opinions about workplace violence (WPV) prevention strategies, and 2) to determine the types of support that general practitioners (GPs) and general nurses sought and expected to use after WPV exposure. A cross-sectional survey was used to assess a sample of 448 GPs and 412 general nurses from 90 township hospitals located in Heilongjiang province, China. Results revealed that workers exposed to physical, psychological or both WPV types had a strong opinion about the necessity of improving diagnosis/treatment competence, developing violence prevention guidelines and plans, using protective equipment, and reinforcing staff by providing back-up support. The last two strategies were also selected by tertiary hospital workers in our previous study. In addition, workers with high anxiety selected the following prevention strategies as most effective: improving doctor-patient communication skills; installing cameras on wards; keeping work areas bright; improvements in violence reporting, statistics, and interventions; security patrols in the key departments; reinforcing staff; and correcting inaccurate media perspectives and reports. The last four strategies were also selected by tertiary hospital workers. All respondents expected to receive organisational and social support. In conclusion, these prevention strategies should be tailored to the different requirements of specific populations. Furthermore, it is necessary for organisations, the public, and policymakers to provide powerful support in WPV prevention.

  15. Correlates of social support receipt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunkel-Schetter, C; Folkman, S; Lazarus, R S

    1987-07-01

    Psychological correlates of social support receipt were examined in an investigation of stress and coping among 150 middle-aged community residents. Subjects were interviewed monthly for 6 months, each time concerning a specific stressful situation in the previous month. Social support received and methods of coping were assessed each time, as well as other variables. Factors hypothesized to be associated with support receipt were person predispositions, appraisal patterns with regard to specific stressful encounters, and coping strategies used. Each was most strongly associated with a particular type of social support. Person predispositions related most strongly to emotional support received, appraisal factors related most strongly to aid, and coping strategies related most to informational support received. Furthermore, of the three sets of variables, the individual's ways of coping appeared to be most strongly associated with all types of social support received. Two implications are explored. First, we suggest that the three types of social support studied represent different constructs with different antecedents and consequences. Second, we argue that coping behavior provides interpersonal cues regarding what is wanted or needed in a stressful situation and that the members of the social environment respond accordingly.

  16. Coping with negative social identity: the case of Mexican immigrants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shinnar, Rachel S

    2008-10-01

    Social identity theory suggests that an individual's self-concept is shaped through group identification and positive social identities are established by favorably comparing the individual's in-group against an out-group. When unfavorable intergroup comparisons occur, individuals perceive a negative social identity. Because of the motivation to maintain a positive self-concept, this perception creates a need to cope. On the basis of face-to-face interviews with Mexican immigrants, the author examined the ways in which negative social-identity perceptions triggered different coping mechanisms. The findings offer support for two coping mechanisms--individual mobility and social creativity, with social creativity used more often than individual mobility.

  17. Late middle-aged and older men living with HIV/AIDS: race differences in coping, social support, and psychological distress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heckman, T. G.; Kochman, A.; Sikkema, K. J.; Kalichman, S. C.; Masten, J.; Goodkin, K.

    2000-01-01

    Although AIDS mental health research has recently devoted more attention to the psychosocial needs of older adults living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease, studies of this population have typically combined older African-American and white participants into one large sample, thereby neglecting potential race differences. The current study examined race differences in stressor burden, ways of coping, social support, and psychological distress among late middle-aged and older men living with HIV/AIDS. Self-administered surveys were completed by 72 men living with HIV/AIDS in New York City and Milwaukee, WI (mean age = 53.4 years). Older African-American and white men experienced comparable levels of stress associated with AIDS-related discrimination, AIDS-related bereavement, financial dilemmas, lack of information and support, relationship difficulties, and domestic problems. However, in responses to these stressors, older African-American men more frequently engaged in adaptive coping strategies, such as greater positive reappraisal and a stronger resolve that their future would be better. Compared to their African-American counterparts, HIV-infected older white men reported elevated levels of depression, anxiety, interpersonal hostility, and somatization. African-American men also received more support from family members and were less likely to disclose their HIV serostatus to close friends. As AIDS becomes more common among older adults, mental health-interventions will increasingly be needed for this group. The development of intervention programs for this group should pay close attention to race-related differences in sociodemographic, psychosocial, and behavioral characteristics. PMID:11052457

  18. Relação do bem-estar subjetivo, estratégias de enfrentamento e apoio social em idosos Relationships of subjective well-being, coping strategies and perceived social support in the elderly

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Teresa Domínguez Guedea

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Foram analisadas as relações das estratégias de enfrentamento, apoio social e variáveis sócio-demográficas com o bem-estar subjetivo de uma amostra de idosos. O bem-estar foi definido pela satisfação com a vida, os afetos positivos e afetos negativos. Participaram 123 idosos (média = 67,1; desvio padrão = 6,1, residentes em João Pessoa, Brasil. Análises de regressão hierárquica revelaram que (a a satisfação com a vida é maior em mulheres, nas pessoas que recebem pensão, as pessoas que estão satisfeitas com o apoio recebido, as pessoas que dão apoio aos outros e nas pessoas que enfrentam os problemas de forma direta e uma re-avaliação positiva; (b os afetos positivos aumentam com a satisfação do apoio recebido e com o enfrentamento direto e re-avaliativo e a diminuição do enfrentamento de esquiva e (c os afetos negativos diminuem ao dar apoio e aumentam com o enfrentamento de esquiva. Os resultados mostram as diferenças dos componentes cognitivo e afetivo do bem-estar e apontam a necessidade de investigar a autonomia funcional do idoso.Subjective well-being was studied in a sample of the elderly by analyzing the relationship among coping strategies, social support, and social-demographic variables. Well-being was defined by life satisfaction and positive and negative affect. There were 123 elderly participants (mean=67.1; standard deviation=6.1 who were residents in João Pessoa, Brazil. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that (a life satisfaction is higher in: women, people who receive pensions, people who are satisfied with the support they receive, people who give support to others, and people who cope with problems directly and by re-appraising the situation in a positive way; (b positive affect increases with the satisfaction of the support received, with direct and re-appraisal coping, and with the decrease of coping by avoidance, and (c negative affect decreases with giving support and increases with

  19. Maternal Coping Adaptations, Social Support and Transition Difficulties to Parenthood of First-Time Civilian and Military Mothers

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-12-01

    after the birth (McKim, 1987). Cronenwett’s (1985) study of primiparous couples predicted a change in the content and structure of social...to primiparous mothers. The civilian facility has an average monthly birth rate of 225. Data collection was over a three-month period to ensure an

  20. Comparison of social support, coping style and life satisfaction between higher vocational and undergraduate college students%高职与本科学生社会支持应对方式生活满意度比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程红; 孟秀红

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解高职与本科院校学生社会支持、应对方式和生活满意度的差异,为探讨学生社会支持、应对方式和生活满意度之间的关系提供参考依据.方法 使用领悟社会支持量表、特质应对方式问卷和多维学生生活满意度量表,对随机抽取的阜阳市高职、“2+3”五年制高职和本科院校各500名学生进行问卷调查.结果 高职学生和本科学生的社会支持和积极应对得分高于“2+3”五年制高职学生,本科学生的消极应对方式得分高于高职和“2+3”五年制高职学生,高职学生的生活满意度得分高于“2+3”五年制高职和本科学生,差异均有统计学意义(P值均<0.05).社会支持和积极应对方式与生活满意度存在显著正相关;消极应对方式与生活满意度呈负相关;积极应对方式与社会支持呈正相关,而消极应对方式与社会支持呈负相关.结论 高职与本科院校学生生活满意度存在差异,良好的社会支持和积极的应对方式有助于提升学生的生活满意度.%Objective To investigate whether differences exist in social support, coping style and life satisfaction among the students in different colleges, and to explore the relationships between social support, coping style and life satisfaction. Methods Five hundred students of each college ( Higher vocational, Five-year Higher vocational and undergraduate college) were randomly obtained by means of Perceived Social Support Scale ( PSSS) , Trait Coping Style Questionnaire (TCSQ) and Multidimensional Student' Life Satisfaction scale ( MSLSS). Results The social support and positive coping style of higher vocational and undergraduate college students was significantly higher than that of five-year higher vocational college students. The negative coping style of undergraduate college students was significantly higher than that of higher vocational and five-year higher vocational college students. The life

  1. Social Coping of Gifted and LGBTQ Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutcheson, Virginia H.; Tieso, Carol L.

    2014-01-01

    This qualitative study used critical ethnography as a theoretical framework to investigate the social coping strategies of gifted and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) students in middle and high school. Twelve LGBTQ college students from a selective Southeastern university were interviewed and asked to retrospectively…

  2. Social Coping of Gifted and LGBTQ Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutcheson, Virginia H.; Tieso, Carol L.

    2014-01-01

    This qualitative study used critical ethnography as a theoretical framework to investigate the social coping strategies of gifted and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) students in middle and high school. Twelve LGBTQ college students from a selective Southeastern university were interviewed and asked to retrospectively…

  3. Coping With Verbal and Social Bullying in Middle School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Donoghue

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Becoming a victim of verbal and social bullying in middle school can lead to illness, psychological stress, and maladjustment. The coping strategies that students utilize when they are bullied may influence the likelihood and severity of these negative effects. In this study, we examined the predictions made by students in two middle schools about the ways that they would cope with becoming a victim of verbal and social bullying. We also analyzed influences for coping strategies and student willingness to seek help with bullying at school. The results show that middle school students generally expect that they will utilize adaptive approach strategies in trying to solve the problem or obtain support from others, but those who had been victimized in the last month were more likely than those not involved in bullying, to predict that they would engage in maladaptive avoidance coping strategies if victimized in the future. Willingness to seek help was found to be enhanced by approach coping strategies, less aggressive attitudes, and lower perceptions of school bullying. Policy implications for efforts to encourage approach coping strategies in middle school students through educational interventions and school counseling are discussed.

  4. Parental social support, coping strategies, resilience factors, stress, anxiety and depression levels in parents of children with MPS III (Sanfilippo syndrome) or children with intellectual disabilities (ID).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, Sheena; Cross, Elaine; Wraith, James Edmond; Jones, Simon; Mahon, Louise; Lomax, Michelle; Bigger, Brian; Hare, Dougal

    2013-03-01

    Mucopolysaccharidosis type III (MPS III, Sanfilippo syndrome) is a lysosomal storage disorder, caused by a deficiency in one of four enzymes involved in the catabolism of the glycosaminoglycan heparan sulphate. It is a degenerative disorder, with a progressive decline in children's intellectual and physical functioning. There is currently no cure for the disorder. To date there is a paucity of research on how this disorder impacts parents psychological functioning. Specifically, research in the area has failed to employ adequate control groups to assess if the impact of this disorder on parents psychological functioning differs from parenting a child with intellectual disability (ID). The current study examined child behaviour and parental psychological functioning in 23 parents of children with MPS III and 23 parents of children with ID. Parents completed postal questionnaires about their child's behaviour and abilities and their own psychological functioning. Parents of children with MPS III reported fewer behavioural difficulties as their child aged, more severe level of intellectual disability, and similar levels of perceived social support, coping techniques, stress, anxiety and depression levels as parents of children with ID. Both groups of parents scored above the clinical cut off for anxiety and depression. Parents of children with MPS III rated themselves as significantly less future-orientated and goal directed than parents of children with ID. Services should develop support packages for parents of children with MPS III that incorporate an understanding of the unique stressors and current-difficulty approach of this population. Future research should examine gender differences between parental psychological functioning, using mixed qualitative and quantitative approaches, and utilise matched developmental level and typically developing control groups.

  5. Comparative Study of Teachers in Regular Schools and Teachers in Specialized Schools in France, Working with Students with an Autism Spectrum Disorder: Stress, Social Support, Coping Strategies and Burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boujut, Emilie; Dean, Annika; Grouselle, Amélie; Cappe, Emilie

    2016-09-01

    The inclusion of students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in schools is a source of stress for teachers. Specialized teachers have, in theory, received special training. To compare the experiences of teachers dealing with students with ASD in different classroom environments. A total of 245 teachers filled out four self-report questionnaires measuring perceived stress, social support, coping strategies, and burnout. Specialized teachers perceive their teaching as a challenge, can count on receiving help from colleagues, use more problem-focused coping strategies and social support seeking behavior, and are less emotionally exhausted than teachers in regular classes. This study highlights that teachers in specialized schools and classes have better adjustment, probably due to their training, experience, and tailored classroom conditions.

  6. Posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms among low-income, African American women with a history of intimate partner violence and suicidal behaviors: self-esteem, social support, and religious coping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradley, Rebekah; Schwartz, Ann C; Kaslow, Nadine J

    2005-12-01

    There is a dearth of research on risk/protective factors for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among low-income African American women with a history of intimate partner violence (IPV), presenting for suicidal behavior or routine medical care in a large, urban hospital. We examined self-esteem, social support, and religious coping as mediators between experiences of child maltreatment (CM) and IPV and symptoms of PTSD in a sample (N = 134) of low-income African American women. Instruments used included the Index of Spouse Abuse, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, the Taylor Self-Esteem Inventory, the Multidimensional Profile of Social Support, the Brief Religious Coping Activities Scale, and the Davidson Trauma Scale. Both CM and IPV related positively to PTSD symptoms. Risk and resilience individual difference factors accounted for 18% of the variance in PTSD symptoms over and above IPV and CM, with self-esteem and negative religious coping making unique contributions. Both variables mediated the abuse-PTSD symptom link. In addition, we tested an alternate model in which PTSD symptoms mediated the relationship between abuse and both self-esteem and negative religious coping.

  7. 肺结核患者应对方式和社会支持的研究%Investigation on coping styles and social support of pulmonary tuberculosis patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    资青兰; 何志青; 胡贵方; 唐惠红; 龚芳

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the coping styles and social support of pulmonary tuberculosis patients,and to compare the coping styles and social support of different demographic characteristics.Methods A total of 250 cases of new sputum smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients were selected continuously in accordance with the registration order.They were investigated with Trait Coping Style Questionnaire and Social Support Rating Scale.Results About 80.04% of the patients showed a moderate or low level of positive coping style and 26.40% showed a high level of negative coping style.The percent of high level subjective support was 27.20%,and the percents of low level objective support and usage degree of support were 90.80% and 100.00%,while the total score of high level social support was 4.00%.Marriage and gender were found to be the influencing factors.Conclusion Pulmonary tuberculosis patient stend to choose negative coping styles and show a low level of social support.The unmarried or divorced patients are the low level social support groups.It is suggested to take actions to reduce the patients'emotional stress,avoide negative coping style and enhance social support,especially for those unmarried or divorced,to promote the control of pulmonary tuberculosis.%目的 调查肺结核患者的应对方式和社会支持水平,并比较不同人口学特征肺结核患者的应对方式、社会支持状况.方法 按确诊登记顺序连续抽取250例新发痰涂片阳性的肺结核患者,选用特质应对方式问卷和社会支持评定量表进行问卷调查.结果 80.40%的肺结核患者积极应对方式得分处于中低水平,26.40%的患者消极应对方式得分处于高水平;肺结核患者高水平的主观支持占27.20%,低水平的客观支持、支持利用度分别占90.80%、100.00%,而患者高水平的社会支持总分仅占4.00%;婚姻状况和性别是主要影响因素.结论 肺结核患者多采用消

  8. The Effect of Prisoner's Social Support and Coping Style on Mental Health%服刑人员社会支持、应对方式对心理健康的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱舒翼; 曾祥岚

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the effect of prisoner's social support and coping style on mental health.Meth-ods:A total of 347 prisoners were assessed by Social Support Scale(SSS),Coping Style Questionnaire(CSQ)and Symptom Checklist 90(SCL-90).Results:①There was a correlation among the social support and coping style (r=0.37,P<0.01).②There was a correlation among the social support and mental health(r=-0.22,P<0.01).③ There was a correlation among the coping style and mental health (r=-0.53,P<0.01).④The problem solving,self-accu-sation,illusion and the subjective support could predict the mental health(R2=0.308,P<0.05).Conclusion:The cop-ing style and social supports can affect the mental health status of prisoners.%目的:探讨服刑人员的社会支持与应对方式对心理健康的影响.方法:采用社会支持评定量表、应对方式问卷及症状自评量表(SCL-90)对347名服刑人员进行调查研究.结果:①社会支持与应对方式呈显著相关(r=0.37,P<0.01);②社会支持与心理健康总分呈显著负相关(r=-0.22,P<0.01);③应对方式与心理健康总分相关性显著(r=-0.53,P<0.01);④以心理健康总分为因变量的逐步回归分析结果发现,应对方式中的解决问题、自责、幻想和社会支持中的主观支持对服刑人员心理健康状况有预测作用(R2=0.308,P<0.05).结论:服刑人员的应对方式和社会支持影响其心理健康状况.

  9. The relationship between coping style of the parents of children with cerebral palsy and social support%脑瘫患儿家长应对方式与社会支持的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张金燕; 彭宇阁

    2012-01-01

    Objective; To study the coping style of parents of the children with cerebral palsy, and to explore the relationship between the coping style and social support Methods; Sixty - one parents of children with cerebral palsy were studied by using Medical Coping Modes Questionnaire (MCMQ) and Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS) . Results; The score of surrender and avoidance of parents of cerebral palsy were higher than the normal level (P < 0. 01); the score of face dimension was positively correlated with social support ( P < 0. 01), and the score of surrender and avoidance both were negatively related in social support (P <0.05) . Conclusion; The coping style of parents of the children with cerebral palsy is tend to be surrender and avoidance. They have higher social support, they will use more positive coping style,%目的:探讨脑瘫患儿家长医学应对方式趋向与获得社会支持程度的相关性.方法:采用医学应对问卷(MCMQ)和社会支持评定量表(SSRS)对61名脑瘫患儿家长进行调查.结果:脑瘫患儿家长回避和屈服维度得分较高,与国内常模相比差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);脑瘫患儿家长面对维度得分与社会支持得分呈正相关(P<0.01),回避和屈服维度得分与社会支持得分呈负相关(P<0.05).结论:脑瘫患儿家长应对方式趋向于回避和屈服,家长获得的社会支持程度越高,越趋向于积极的应对方式.

  10. Correlation between personal relationship sensitivity and coping style, social support, self-acceptance%服刑人员人际敏感性与自我接纳、应对方式社会支持的相关研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马欢; 刘利; 钱丽菊; 汤艳清; 刘盈

    2008-01-01

    Objective To explore the correlation between coping style, social support, self-acceptance and personal relationship sensitivity. Methods The Symptom self-comment measurement (SCL-90) ,Self-acceptance questionnaire, Coping style questionnaire and Perceived social support scale were distributed to 410 prisoners, all data were analyzed by spssl 1.5. Results 1. Personal relationship sensitivity had negative correlation with problem-solving, seeking-help coping style, social support from family, self-acceptance, and positive correlation with self-blame, avoidance, rationalization coping style. 2. The persons of low personal relationship sensitivity were intend to use problem-solving, seeking-help coping style, social support from family, self-acceptance, but high personal relationship sensitivity were intend to use self-blame, avoidance, rationalization coping style. 3. The step-regression analysis showed that self-acceptance, seeking-help coping style, social support from family by turns entered the equation,and they could predict 19% of the variance, and the self-acceptance could predict 13% of the variance. Conclusions Coping style, social support and self-acceptance were the important related factors to influent the personal relationship sensitivity of prisoners, which was affected by multiple factors.%目的 探讨服刑人员的人际敏感性与应对方式、社会支持及自我接纳的相关性.方法 采用症状自评量表(SCL-90)、自我接纳问卷、应付方式问卷及领悟社会支持问卷对410名服刑人员进行调查.所有数据采用SPSS11.5进行分析.结果 1.服刑人员的人际敏感性与解决问题(r=-0.15,P=0.00)、求助应对方式(r=-0.12,P=0.02)及家庭内外社会支持(r=-0.22,P=0.00)和自我接纳(r=-0.36,P=0.00)呈显著负相关,与自责(r=0.26,P=0.00)、退避(r=0.19,P=0.00)及合理化应对方式(r=0.18,P=0.00)呈显著正相关;2.人际敏感性低的个体倾向于解决问题、求助应对方式及家庭内外

  11. Mental health and coping strategies among social assistance receivers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, John; Larsen, Jørgen Elm; Muller, Maja

    . In short: lower benefit levels increases motivation which in turn increases labour market inclusion. This paper presents empirical results from an ongoing research project ( Consequences of living on the lowest social benefits financed by the Danish Social Council (Rådet for Socialt Udsatte) ,2008...... responded that the reduction of their social assistance benefits after 3 months had reduced their mental health and not improved their social energy for job seeking. These results support the idea that lower benefits has a negative impact on active coping for labour market inclusion. A huge parts......During the last decade the social assistance system in Denmark was been changed and become less generous. One important indication of this trend is that the social assistance benefit level was reduced to a lower level after 6 months. Furthermore the “workfare” obligations for social claiments (e...

  12. The overview of research on college students' coping styles and parental rearing patterns, social support%大学生应对方式与父母养育方式、社会支持研究综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘芳芳; 俞爱月

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To understand of domestic and foreign scholars' research on the coping style of college students and its affecting factors, to provide a theoretical basis for college students' mental health and psychological intervention. METHODS Consulted the related literatures, summenzed the domestic and foreign scholars' researches on the college students' coping styles, parental rearing patterns, social support RESULTS Domestic and foreign scholars' researches on the coping style of college students were mature. The concepts were clear, measurement tools were authoritative. There were some researches about college students' parental rearing patterns, social support of college students, but the correlation researches of the three were very few. CONCLUSION The correlation of university students' coping style and parental rearing patterns, social support is essential to be studied deeply.%目的 了解国内外学者对大学生应对方式及其影响因素关系研究情况,为大学生心理健康及心理干预提供理论依据.方法 查阅相关文献,对国内外学者对大学生应对方式、父母养育方式、社会支持等相关研究进行综述.结果 国内外学者对大学生应对方式研究比较成熟,概念明确,测量工具比较权威,对大学生父母养育方式、大学生社会支持也有一定的研究,但是对三者相关性研究开展的非常少.结论 可以对大学生应对方式及父母养育方式、社会支持相关性做进一步研究.

  13. Who Participates in Support Groups for Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders? The Role of Beliefs and Coping Style

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clifford, Tessen; Minnes, Patricia

    2013-01-01

    One hundred forty-nine parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) completed online questionnaires measuring their beliefs about support groups and ASD, coping style, social support, mood, and use of support groups. Those currently using parent support groups (PSGs) reported using more adaptive coping strategies than both parents who…

  14. 社会支持与应对方式对喉癌患者抑郁情绪的影响%Social Support and Coping Styles on the Impact of Depression Emotion ofThroat Cancer Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何开莲; 李莉萍; 何剑

    2012-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the social support and coping styles on the impact of depression in throat cancer patients. Methods: We survey coping styles, social support and depression of 86 throat cancer patients by means of Social Support amount(SSRS), Medical Coping Style Questionnaire (MCMQ) and self-rating depression scale(SDS). Results: In 86 cases of throat cancer patients, there are 58 cases with depressive symptoms and 28 cases without depressive symptoms. Rating scale of depression shows that depression group is(54.05 ± 5.26) and no depression group is(34.33 ± 3.68). Rating scale of social support shows that social support scores of throat cancer patients without no depression symptoms group are higher than that of throat cancer patients with depression symptoms group (P<0.05). Rating scale of coping styles shows that score of no depression group is higher than that of depression group(P<0.05), while there is no statistically significant difference between scores of avoider and yielder. There is relativity between social support, coping styles and depression of patients (P<0.05). Conclusion: The lower social support use rate of throat cancer patients, the higher incidence rate of depression. Establishing a good social support system and effective response may be a good way to improve depression symptoms of throat cancer patients.%目的:探讨社会支持与应对方式对喉癌患者抑郁情绪的影响.方法:采用社会支持评定量表(SSRS)、医学应对方式量表(MCMQ)与抑郁自评量表(SDS)对86例喉癌患者的抑郁情绪及其社会支持与应对方式进行调查.结果:86例喉癌患者中有抑郁症状58例,无抑郁症状28例.抑郁组抑郁自评量表评分为(54.05±5.26),无抑郁组为(34.33±3.68);无抑郁组社会支持度评分均高于抑郁组(P< 0.05);医学应对方式问卷结果显示,无抑郁组的面对得分高于抑郁组(P<0.05),回避与屈服得分无统计学差异.社会支持、应对方式与患

  15. Relationships between the characteristics of oncohematology services providing palliative care and the sociodemographic characteristics of caregivers using health indicators: social support, perceived stress, coping strategies, and quality of work life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pronost, Anne-Marie; Le Gouge, Amélie; Leboul, Daniele; Gardembas-Pain, Martine; Berthou, Christian; Giraudeau, Bruno; Fouquereau, Evelyne; Colombat, Philippe

    2012-03-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze the relationships between the characteristics of the management of oncohematology services and the psychosocial determinants of caregivers' health at work including social support, stress, and coping strategies. Investigation using questionnaires was carried out about nurses and nurse aides in hematology and oncology services. All hematology and oncology services of Western France were requested. Five questionnaires concerning sociodemographic characteristics, measurements of quality of work life, of social support, of perceived stress, and of coping strategies and quality of work life were delivered among health professionals. Five hundred seventy-four questionnaires from 53 different services were analyzed. There were 57.4% nurses and 42.6% nurse aides. Some 94.1% were female and 33.5% were older than 40 years. Several characteristics of oncohematology services were significantly linked to health indicators, as the need for time and recognition, the importance of training (in palliative care, pain management, and help relationship), the care of patients and their families, the interdisciplinary efficiency, and external interventions (psychologists and volunteers). We showed that participative management which includes implementation of service projects and of multidisciplinary staff influence the quality of work life of health professionals. We showed also how much the characteristics of services organized around an effective social support (need for recognition) favor a better quality of work life among caregivers, influencing their perceived stress and their coping strategies. To our knowledge, it is the first study showing a relationship between participative management (including multidisciplinary staffs, approach with a service project, and internal training) and the quality of work life in the domain of health care. The implementation of this model should be promoted in health care services.

  16. 脑卒中后抑郁与社会支持应对方式关系的研究%Relations of social support and coping style with depressive symptoms in patients after stroke

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张勇军; 张献共

    2009-01-01

    目的 探讨社会支持、应对方式与脑卒中后抑郁发生之间的关系.方法 采用病例对照研究,应用Zung抑郁量表、社会支持量表及应付方式问卷等工具评定31例脑卒中后伴明显抑郁症状的患者,并与39例不伴明显抑郁症状的脑卒中患者进行对照.结果 在社会支持总评分、客观支持评分、主观支持评分抑郁组均低于非抑郁组,有统计学差异显著性(P<0.05).社会支持利用度评分无统计学差异显著性.非抑郁组的积极应对得分高于抑郁组(P<0.01);而消极应对得分无统计学差异显著性.结论 不适当的应对方式和缺乏社会支持可能是影响脑卒中后抑郁发生的心理社会因素.%Objective To explore social support and coping style in patients with stroke,and find the relations with depressive symptoms. Methods The study involved 31 patients with stroke having obvious depressive symptoms, 39 patients without obvious depressive symptoms. They were evaluated with Zung Depression Rating Scale, Social Support Rating. and Coping Style Questionnaire. Results The scores of social support,subjective support in patients with depressive symptoms were significantly lower than those of patients without depression symptoms. There were no significant differences in utilization degree of social support and passive copying be-tween two groups. The score of positive coping in patients without depressive symptoms was significantly lower than that in patients with depressed. Conclusion The main psychosocial factors that influence depressive symptoms after stroke are unsuitable methods of coying and lack of social support.

  17. Coping styles and social support among Shanghai middle-school students who met criteria for internet addiction%上海市网络成瘾中学生的应对方式与社会支持

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江文庆; 杜亚松; 辛秦; 赵滢; 蒋良函

    2011-01-01

    Background: Stressful life events are common precipitants of internet addiction in youth. The mechanism by which stress leads to addictive behavior is mediated by an individual's copying style and method of seeking social support.Objective: Assess the social support networks and coping mechanisms employed by middle-school students who meet criteria for internet addiction.Method: 205 students who met Beard's criteria for Internet addiction and had associated functional impairment based on a clinical interview were identified and 176 ( 85.9% ) of them completed self-completion questionnaires that assessed coping style ( a Chines adaptation of the Coping Style Questionnaire) and social support ( the Social Support Scale developed in China). The results were compared to those of 352 students(2-to-1 matched for age and gender) who did not meet criteria for internet addiction.Results: Compared to students without internet addiction, those with internet addiction had significantly lower mean scores on the problem-solving subscale and the asking for help subscale of the Coping Style Questionnaire, but they had higher scores on the self-blame subscale and the fantasy subscale. The mean total score, subjective support subscale score, and utilization of support subscale score of the Social Support Scale were significantly lower in the internet addiction group. Logistic regression analysis found that internet addiction was independently related to decreased use of problem-solving coping styles, increased use of fantasy and self-blame coping styles, and decreased utilization of available social support.Conclusion: Among middle-school students internet addiction is associated with poor psychological coping styles and with a lack of utilization of available social support. Further research is needed to determine whether or not promotion of positive coping styles in students and training to develop and use social support networks will prevent internet addiction or ameliorate its

  18. Medical Students’ Regulatory Emotional Self - efficacy,Social Supports and Coping Styles%医学生情绪调节自我效能感与社会支持、应对方式的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林影; 江琴

    2016-01-01

    Objective :To analyze relationship between medical students’ regulatory emotional self - efficacy ,social support and coping style .Methods :319 medical students were investigated by Regulatory Emotional Self - efficacy Scale ,Coping Styles and Perceived Social Support Scale .Results :The total regulatory emotional self - efficacy of med‐ical students were above the average .Perceived self - efficacy in regulating despondency /distress (DES ) ,and per‐ceived self - efficacy in regulating anger /irritation(ANG) :Female students’ scores in perceived self - efficacy in feel‐ing positive affect(POS)were significantly higher than male students’(t = 2 .83 ,P < 0 .01) ,while female’s scores in DES and ANG were significantly lower than male students (t = 4 .78 ,2 .19 ;P < 0 .01) .The total regulatory emotional self - efficacy and its dimensions were all negatively related to negative coping styles ,and positively related to social supports .POS and perceived social supports had a certain prediction upon coping styles .Conclusion :Medical universi‐ties should pay enough attention to take various effective ways to strengthen medical students ’ the psychological health education ,improve their regulatory emotional self - efficacy and the ability of understanding social supports , change their cognition ,so as to enhance their ability to cope with stress better .%目的:探讨医学生情绪调节自我效能感、社会支持、应对方式三者间的关系,为医学生的心理咨询和心理健康教育提供科学依据,从而提高医学生的心理健康水平。方法:通过情绪调节自我效能感量表、领悟社会支持量表、应对方式问卷对某医科大学的319名医学生进行调查。结果:医学生的总体情绪调节自我效能感总体上处于中等偏上水平,但在结构上有所失衡:医学生感受和调节正性情绪的效能感比较高,而调节沮丧/痛苦情绪效能感和调节生气/愤怒

  19. Relationship between social support,self-acceptance and coping style in junior high school students%初中生社会支持、自我接纳与应对方式的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜蕾

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To explore the relationship between social support,self-acceptance and coping style,to provide the basis for coping with pressure positively. [Method] Social Support Rating Scale, Self-Acceptance Scale, Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire were used in 355 Dezhou junior high school students. (Results] 1) Junior high school students' self-acceptance, social support and active coping style were significantly different in the dimension that whether they're class cadre(P1 =0. 037,P2 =0. 000,P3 =0. 001) ;2)The subjective support and the use of support were significantly positive related with self-acceptance(r1 =0. 314,r2 =0. 279). They also had positive predict ability to itj3)The subjective support and the use of support were significantly positive related with active coping style(r1 =0. 408.r2 =0. 341). They also had positive predict ability to it; the objective support and the use of support were significantly negative related with negative coping style(r1 =- 0. 114,r2 =- 0. 122). They also had positive predict ability to it;4)the dimensions of self-acceptance were positive related with active coping style and had positive predict ability to it; the dimension self-acceptance was negative related with negative coping style and had positive predict ability to it(r=-0. 241). [Conclusions] Students should be encouraged to take more work as students' leaders to improve the level of social support and self-acceptance so that they can take positive steps when coping with pressure.%[目的] 探讨初中生社会支持、自我接纳与应对方式的关系,旨在为培养初中生积极应对生活压力提供依据. [方法] 采用社会支持评定量表、自我接纳量表、简易应对方式量表对德州355名初中生进行问卷调查. [结果] 1)初中生自我接纳、社会支持和积极应对在是否是班干部维度上差异均有统计学意义(P1=0.037,P2 =0.000,P3=0.001,P均<0.05);2)社会支持的主观支持和对支持的利用度两

  20. Social problem solving and coping skills of medical students

    OpenAIRE

    Emel Yigit; Sevgi Ozcan; Gulsah Seydaoglu

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate medical students' social problem solving and coping skills. Material and Methods: In this correlational descriptive study, data were gathered from 457 medical students. Social Problem Solving Inventory and Social Problem Coping Behaviours Inventory were used. Results: The most preferred activities when the students face a problem were talking with friends (87.1%), talking with special persons (85.4%), sleeping (82.6%), talking with family...

  1. Parental Support, Coping Strategies, and Psychological Adjustment: An Integrative Model with Late Adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holahan, Charles J.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    An integrative predictive model was applied to responses of 241 college freshmen to examine interrelationships among parental support, adaptive coping strategies, and psychological adjustment. Social support from both parents and a nonconflictual parental relationship were positively associated with adolescents' psychological adjustment. (SLD)

  2. Relationship between pressure and coping style and social support of medical students%医学生的社会支持、应付方式与压力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李俊娇

    2012-01-01

      目的研究医学院学生的压力状况,压力与社会支持、应付方式的关系及影响因素.方法使用应付方式问卷、心身压力测试量表和社会支持评定量表,对医学院本科生240名和综合类大学本科生440名进行测量研究.结果(1)医学生的压力显著低于非医学生(t=-3.62, P<0.001);(2)医学生的压力与社会支持呈负相关,与成熟应付方式呈正相关、与不成熟应付方式呈负相关;(3)独生子女使用自责的应付方式显著高于非独生子女(t=2.16, P<0.05);(4)单亲家庭医学生的社会支持总分及各维度显著低于非单亲家庭医学生(t=-2.06, P<0.05;t=-2.06, P<0.05;t=-3.11, P<0.001),单亲家庭医学生更多地使用自责的应付方式(t=2.19, P<0.05);(5)多元回归分析发现,医学生自责、解决问题、主观社会支持3个因子可以预测压力.结论医学生在大学生群体中并非高压力群体;自责的应付方式、解决问题的应付方式和主观社会支持能够预测医学生的压力;不同家庭构成的医学生具有不同的应付方式和社会支持特点.%  Objective To study the relationship between pressure and social support and coping styles of medical college students and its influencing factors. Methods 240 students from medical college and 440 students from ordinary colleges were tested with Coping Style Questionnaire(CSQ), Social Support Rating Scale(SSRS) and Psychosomatic Tension Relaxation Inventory(PSTRI). Results (1)The pressure of medical students were significantly lower than non-medical students (t=-3.62, P<0.001). (2)There were negative correlation between pressure and social support of medical students;and positive correlation between pressure and mature coping styles. (3)Only child used more self-accusation as coping style than children with siblings(t=2.16, P<0.05). (4) Medicla students from single parent family had lower aggregate score and all the factors of score of Social

  3. Coping style, social support and parenting style in adolescents with Internet addiction%网络成瘾青少年应对方式社会支持与父母教养方式分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    职晓燕; 王传升; 王长虹; 郝伟

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨网络成瘾对青少年应对方式、社会支持以及父母教养方式的影响,为网络成瘾的临床治疗和康复提供理论依据.方法 采用应对方式问卷、社会支持评定量表及父母教养方式评价量表,对88名网络成瘾青少年(观察组)和90名健康青少年(对照组)进行调查研究.结果 观察组的社会支持总分及各维度得分均低于对照组(P值均<0.01);应对方式总分及自责、幻想、退避、合理化4个因子得分均高于对照组(P值均<0.01),解决问题和求助2个因子得分均低于对照组(P值均<0.01);父母教养方式中父母情感温暖理解因子得分均低于对照组(P值均<0.01),父亲惩罚严厉和拒绝否认以及母亲过分干涉、过度保护,拒绝否认,惩罚严厉因子得分均高于对照组(P<0.05或P<0.01).结论 青少年的应对方式不良、社会支持状况差和父母教养粗放是导致网络成瘾的重要影响因素.网络成瘾的治疗除药物以外,青少年和父母的心理重建以及构建良好的多层次、多角度社会支持系统非常重要.%Objective To explore characteristics of coping styles, social support and parenting style in adolescents with Internet addiction. Methods Coping Styles Questionnaire, Social Support Rating Scale and Parenting Style Rating Scale were administered to 88 adolescents with Internet addiction ( case group) and 90 healthy adolescents ( control group). Results Total each dimensional scores of social support in adolescents with Internet addiction were significantly lower than that in control group. Total scores and 4 factor scores in self-blame, fantasy, avoidance and rationalization in case group was higher than that of control group. Problem-resolving and help-seeking factor scores in coping styles, parental sentiment warmth and apprehension factor scores were significantly lower in the Internet addiction adolescents than in the control group, while strict punishment

  4. 社会支持、应对方式在依恋影响心理健康中的作用%Effect of social support and coping style an attachment influencing on mental health

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶雨春; 张秀红; 解平华; 姜丽英; 陈力

    2010-01-01

    Objective To explore the direct effect of attachment and the indirect effect through coping style and social support on mental health in technical school students. Methods 372 technical school students were assessed by Experiences in Close Relationship' s Inventory ( ECR), Symptom Check Scale List-90 ( SCL90) ,Coping Style Scale For Secondary School Students( CSS)and Perceived Social Support Scale(PSSS). Results ( 1 ) Total score of SCL-90 had significant correlations with all index of attachment anxiety, parents attachment avoidance( r=0. 165 ~0.370, P<0.01 ) ,with coping style focus on problem ( r=0.291 ~0.552, P<0. 01 ) and perceived social support( r = -0. 245, P < 0.01 ). (2)Coping style focus on emotion had significant correlations with attachment anxiety( r=0.237 ~0.383, P<0.01 ) and coping style focus on problem had significant correlations with attachment avoidance( r= -0. 267 ~ -0. 403, P<0. 01 ). (3) Perceived social support had significant negative correlations with attachment avoidance ( r= - 0. 425 ~ - 0. 459, P < 0.01 ). (4) The coping style focus on emotion had 65.2% mediation effect between attachment anxiety and mental health and perceived social support was moderated by attachment avoidance. Conclusions ( 1 ) Attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance have direct effect on mental health. ( 2 ) The indirect effect of attachment anxiety on mental health is a lot mediating effect performed by the coping style focus on emotion. Attachment avoidance also indirectly influences on mental health by moderating perceived social support.%目的 探讨依恋对心理健康的直接影响以及依恋通过应对方式、社会支持对心理健康的间接影响.方法 采用整群抽样的方法 对哈尔滨市某技工学校一年级新生372人进行亲密关系经历量表(ECR),症状自评量表(SCL-90),应对方式量表(CSS),领悟社会支持(PSSS)问卷调查.结果 (1)SCL-90总分与父、母,同伴依恋焦虑,与父、母

  5. Cognitive Performance in the Aftermath of a Natural Disaster: The Role of Coping Strategies, Theory of Mind and Peer Social Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cadamuro, Alessia; Versari, Annalisa; Vezzali, Loris; Giovannini, Dino; Trifiletti, Elena

    2015-01-01

    Background: In May 2012, Northern Italy was struck by a tremendous series of earthquakes, which had devastating consequences and persisted for several months. Previous research shows that coping strategies and Theory of Mind (ToM) can help sustaining cognitive performance after a traumatic experience. Objective: We conducted a study to examine…

  6. 男性犯罪青少年的生活事件、社会支持和应对方式的对照研究%Male Crime Adolescents'Life Events,Social Supports and Coping Styles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    景璐石; 吴燕; 徐涛; 徐科; 徐平; 王铮

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the life events ,social support and coping styles of the criminal adolescent ,in order to provide the theoretical basis for the prevention of adolescent delinquency .Methods Totally 49 male criminal adolescent from 14 to 17 years old in a Chengdu young offender institution were selected as the crime group ,then extracted 44 students from a Chengdu professional high school as the matched group ,which matched the crime group in the terms of ages and sex .Using the General Condition Questionnaire of Youth (self-compiled),ASLEC,PSSS and TCSQ to finish the questionnaire survey of two groups .Results In the terms of life events,social support and coping styles,the two groups had statistical differences(P<0.05).The social support of the adolescent was correlated with coping styles(r=-0.323).Conclusion At a certain degree,the criminal adolescent are related to the life events ,social support and coping styles;improving the family situation and their educational accomplishment can help prevent the adolescent delinquency .%目的:对犯罪青少年的生活事件、社会支持和应对方式进行对比研究,从而为预防青少年犯罪提供一定的理论依据。方法从成都市某少教所抽取49名年龄在14~17周岁的男性犯罪青少年作为犯罪组,并从成都市某职高抽取44名学生作为对照组,在年龄、性别方面与犯罪组相匹配。用青少年一般情况问卷(自编)、青少年生活事件量表( ASLEC )、领悟社会支持量表( PSSS)和特质应对方式量表( TCSQ)对两组青少年进行问卷调查。结果犯罪青少年组的生活事件、社会支持和应对方式均与职高学生存在统计学差异(P<0.05)。犯罪青少年的社会支持与消极应对呈显著负相关(r=-0.323)。结论青少年犯罪与生活事件、社会支持和应对方式均有一定的关系;改善家庭情况和文化素养在一定程度上可预防青少年犯罪。

  7. 医学生应对方式与父母养育方式、社会支持相关性研究%Relative Study of Medical Students' Coping Styles,Parental Rearing Patterns and Social Support Satisfaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘芳芳; 俞爱月

    2012-01-01

    目的了解不同性别、年级及是否独生子女的医学生在应对方式、父母养育方式、社会支持方面的差异及三者之间的相关性.方法对421名医学生进行测查,比较不同性别、年级及是否独生子女的医学生三者间差异及相关性.结果不同性别、不同年级及是否独生子女的医学生在应对方式、父母养育方式、社会支持方面存在着一定的差异且部分相关.结论父母养育方式和社会支持度是影响医学生采取何种应对方式的重要因素.%The objective of the study is to understand the differences of medical students of different gender,grades and whether they are the only child in the family or not in terms of their coping styles,parental rearing patterns and social support satisfaction,and the relationship of the three.421 medical students were tested to make a comparison in this regard.Results reveal that there exist certain differences of the students concerned as to the above-mentioned three aspects,but the differences are partially correlative with each other.The paper comes up with the conclusion:parental rearing patterns and social support worked together in determining the coping styles medical students take.

  8. 护理本科生社会适应与心理弹性、社会支持和应对方式的关系%The relationship between social adaptation and the resilience, social support and coping style in undergraduate nursing students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李秀婷; 杨梦莹; 杨绪霞; 陈晓东

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationships among social adaptation and the resilience,social support and coping style in undergraduate nursing students.Methods 758 students from two medical colleges in Shandong province were recruited by stratified random sampling method.They were assessed with China College Student Adjustment Scale (CCSAS),Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA),Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS),Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ).The data was analyzed with the structural equation mode.Results The social adaptation of undergraduate nursing students showed significantly positive association with the resilience,social support,positive coping style(r=0.113-0.607,P<0.01),but the campus adaptation had negative association with negative coping style(r=-0.117,P<0.01).The path analysis showed that the resilience,social support and coping style were the direct predictors of social adaptation (β=0.57,P<0.05;β=0.0.26,P<0.05;β=0.1,P< 0.05),and the resilience,active coping style played the mediating role between social support and social adaptation (β=0.31,P<0.05;β=0.05,P<0.05).Conclusion The social adaptation and the resilience,social support and active coping style of nursing undergraduates are closely related.%目的 探讨护理本科生社会适应与心理弹性、社会支持、应对方式的关系.方法 采用分层整群随机抽样法,选取山东2所医学类高校的758名护理专业本科生,用中国大学生适应量表(CCSAS)、成人心理弹性量表(RSA)、社会支持评定量表(SSRS)、简易应对方式问卷(SCSQ)进行问卷调查,并用结构方程模型进行路径分析.结果 护理本科生社会适应与心理弹性、社会支持、积极应对方式均呈显著正相关(r=0.113~0.607,P<0.01),消极应对只与校园适应呈显著负相关(r=-0.117,P<0.01).通过路径分析显示,心理弹性、社会支持、积极应对对社会适应有直接预测作用(β=0.57,P<0.05;β=0.26,P<0.05;β=0

  9. 老年抑郁症恢复期患者的应对方式及社会支持的评价%Coping style and social support in senile depressive patients at convalescent stage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李凌; 程淑英; 李占江; 李建明; 徐应军

    2006-01-01

    利用度低于对照组(P<0.05),两组受试对象客观支持分差异无显著性.抑郁组患者积极应对与社会支持总分、主观支持和对支持的利用度呈正相关(P<0.01),消极应对与社会支持总分、主观支持和对支持的利用度呈负相关(P<0.01).结论:社会支持中的主观支持和对支持的利用度以及消极的应对方式与老年抑郁症发病有关.%BACKGROUND: The clinical manifestation of senile depression is not typical. The patients with senile depression seldom visit in general hospital, which is hard for clinical doctors to identify the disease at early time.OBJECTIVE: To research the traits of Coping style and social support in the recovered senile depressive patients.DESIGN: Case-control observation.SETTING: Department of Psychology in North China Coal Medical College.PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-six senile depressive patients at convalescent stage were selected for depressive group in clinic service of Beijing Anding Hospital from November 2004 to October 2005. Inclusion criteria: ①Aged≥60 years old. ② Coded with depression with DSM-Ⅳ. ③ Being the period of recovery, geriatric depression scale(GDS)≤10. ④Informed consent was obtained from each participant. Exclusion criteria: ① Depression resulted from other factors for instance substance abuse and schizophrenia,etc. ②Serious and instable body disease such as cerebrovascular disease,liver and kidney disease, falling sickness, disease of internal secretion. Totally 104 questionnaires were sent out, and 96 were qualified. 37 were male and 59 were female in the depressive group, aged 60-87 years old,with average of (68±6)years. The course of disease was 0.3-11 years, with mean of 2 years. The elderly from ordinary community of Beijing were invited for control group. Inclusion criteria: ①Aged ≥ 60 years old; ② No mental disease. ③ Informed consent was obtained from each participant.Exclusion criteria: The same to the depressive group. There are 100 participants

  10. Stress coping style does not determine social status, but influences the consequences of social subordination stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boersma, Gretha J; Smeltzer, Michael D; Scott, Karen A; Scheurink, Anton J; Tamashiro, Kellie L; Sakai, Randall R

    2017-01-06

    Chronic stress exposure may have negative consequences for health. One of the most common sources of chronic stress is stress associated with social interaction. In rodents, the effects of social stress can be studied in a naturalistic way using the visual burrow system (VBS). The way an individual copes with stress, their "stress coping style", may influence the consequences of social stress. In the current study we tested the hypothesis that stress coping style may modulate social status and influence the consequences of having a lower social status. We formed 7 VBS colonies, with 1 proactive coping male, 1 passive coping male, and 4 female rats per colony to assess whether a rat's coping style prior to colony formation could predict whether that individual is more likely to become socially dominant. The rats remained in their respective colonies for 14days and the physiological and behavioral consequences of social stress were assessed. Our study shows that stress coping style does not predict social status. However, stress coping style may influence the consequences of having a lower social status. Subordinate passive and proactive rats had distinctly different wound patterns; proactive rats had more wounds on the front of their bodies. Behavioral analysis confirmed that proactive subordinate rats engaged in more offensive interactions. Furthermore, subordinate rats with a proactive stress coping style had larger adrenals, and increased stress responsivity to a novel acute stressor (restraint stress) compared to passive subordinate rats or dominant rats, suggesting that the allostatic load may have been larger in this group.

  11. Coping with Break-Ups: Rebound Relationships and Gender Socialization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cassie Shimek

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available When serious romantic relationships are terminated, partners are faced with convoluted and complex challenges of detachment from their previous partner, negative feelings about the overall situation, and the need to move forward in life. When faced with this relational upheaval, some individuals employ and find relief in superficial or noncommittal rebound relationships, which act as a means for coping with the loss of the previous relationship and the severed emotional attachment to an ex-partner, but which are under studied by empirical researchers. In a study of 201 participants, men were predicted and found to be more likely to enter rebound relationships in the aftermath of a relational termination based on lower levels of social support, more emotional attachment to an ex-partner, and displaying the ludus (or game playing love style. In addition to the measures of these variables, gender socialization and parental investment theory provide further support for the study’s claims. In sum, rebound relationships were employed by men as a distraction from their feelings of emotional attachment for their ex-partner, but also as a source of support and due to inherent ludic characteristics.

  12. Social problem solving and coping skills of medical students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emel Yigit

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate medical students' social problem solving and coping skills. Material and Methods: In this correlational descriptive study, data were gathered from 457 medical students. Social Problem Solving Inventory and Social Problem Coping Behaviours Inventory were used. Results: The most preferred activities when the students face a problem were talking with friends (87.1%, talking with special persons (85.4%, sleeping (82.6%, talking with family members (81.6%, and eating (79.8%. The ratio of the behaviors that can be deemed risky were exhibiting aggressive and violent behaviors (18.9%, drinking alcohol (18.7%, smoking (17.6%, playing games of chance (16.9%, and using substance (3.8%. There was a positive relationship between total scores of Social Problem Solving Inventory and Social Problem Coping Behaviours Inventory. It is found that immature social problem solving ability has increased the risk of unfavourable behaviours by 3.1 fold. Conclusion: Social problem solving ability is significantly correlated with coping behaviours and may predict it. Medical students who are the doctors and the role models of the future need to develop their social problem solving skills in addition to clinical problem solving skills. [Cukurova Med J 2016; 41(4.000: 721-731

  13. Success, Coping and Social Exclusion in Transitions of Young Finns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tolonen, Tarja

    2008-01-01

    Using analytical concepts of success, coping and social exclusion, this article attempts to describe young people's life histories and various ways of transition into adulthood; transitions that I claim to be classed, gendered and culturally diverse. This article draws from several research projects, mainly Social and Spatial Transitions in Young…

  14. Success, Coping and Social Exclusion in Transitions of Young Finns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tolonen, Tarja

    2008-01-01

    Using analytical concepts of success, coping and social exclusion, this article attempts to describe young people's life histories and various ways of transition into adulthood; transitions that I claim to be classed, gendered and culturally diverse. This article draws from several research projects, mainly Social and Spatial Transitions in Young…

  15. Strategies for Building Social Support for Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haeseler, Lisa Ann

    2011-01-01

    At-risk families cope with many issues simultaneously and are often overwhelmed. To assist families, early childhood professionals must offer community- and family-centered support through collaborations with social service providers and outreach professionals. Educational professionals working in high-needs schools must re-examine their funding…

  16. Correlation among coping style,hope and social support in elderly patients with maintenance hemodialysis%老年维持性血液透析患者应对方式与希望、社会支持的相关性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄莉; 王洪嫦; 庞晓宇; 麦苗金; 黄碧冰

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨老年维持性血液透析(maintenance hemodialysis,MHD)患者应对方式与希望及社会支持的相关性。方法采用一般资料问卷、简易应对方式问卷、Herth 希望量表和社会支持评定量表对115例老年 MHD 患者进行调查。结果患者的积极应对得分(1.58±0.47)分,低于全国常模,消极应对得分(1.84±0.43)分,高于全国常模。Pearson 相关分析结果显示,积极应对与希望、社会支持呈正相关,消极应对与希望及社会支持呈负相关。结论老年 MHD 患者的应对方式有待改善,护理人员应采取措施增强患者的希望及社会支持,进而促进其应对方式的改善。%Objective To investigate the correlation among coping style,hope and social support in elderly patients with maintenance hemodialysis (MHD).Methods Totally 1 1 5 elderly MHD patients were investigated using a self-designed demographic questionnaire,simplified coping style questionnaire,Herth hope index and social support rating scale.Results The score of positive coping style was 1.58±0.47,lower than the national model,while the score of the negative coping style was 1.84±0.43,higher than the national model.Pearson correlation analysis showed that the positive coping style was positively related to hope and social support,and the negative coping style was negatively related to hope and social support.Conclusions The coping style of elderly MHD pa-tients must be improved.The nursing staff should take measures to enhance the patients'hope and social support,and then to improve their coping style.

  17. 深圳市中学生自杀意念及其影响因素的性别差异%Gender difference in social support, coping style related to suicide ideation among middle school students in Shenzhen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨曦; 刘铁榜; 杨洪; 周志坚; 金冬

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解深圳市中学生自杀意念现状及其影响因素的性别差异,为有针对性的干预提供依据.方法 分层整群抽取深圳市5所中学3071名中学生,使用自杀意念量表、社会支持量表以及中学生应对方式量表进行问卷调查.结果 男、女中学生的自杀意念报告率分别为29.5%和38.3%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);自杀计划和尝试自杀的报告率差异无统计学意义.在控制年龄的条件下,对自杀意念进行多因素Logistic回归分析,感受到的学习压力、主观支持为男、女中学生共同的影响因素;问题解决、忍耐和幻想否认为中学男生特有的影响因素;母亲文化程度、客观支持、对支持的利用度以及发泄情绪为中学女生特有的影响因素.结论 中学女生的自杀意念检出率较男生高,男、女中学生自杀意念的影响因素不完全相同,应根据各自的特点进行预防和干预.%Objective To explore the prevalence of suicide ideation among mate and female middle school students, to discuss the gender difference in social support, coping style related to suicide ideation. Methods A total of 3 071 students from the 5 middle schools in Shenzhen were investigated by Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation, Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS) and Coping Style Scale for Secondary School Students ( CSS). Results The prevalence of suicide ideation in male and female were 29.5% and 38.3% respectively. The prevalence of suicide plan and suicide attempts had no gender difference. After control for age, multivariate logistic regression analysis implied that study pressure, subjective support and seeking for social support were the common effect factors for both gender students. Problem-solving, endurance, illusion and denying were risk factors for male students. Mother's education, objective support, support-seeking behavior and expressing feeling were the factors for female students. Conclusion The prevalence

  18. Investigation and analysis of influence of social support and coping style on depression mood of infertile patients%女性不孕患者社会支持水平及应对方式对其抑郁情绪影响的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘述珍; 乔海燕; 王笠环

    2014-01-01

    Objective This study aims to explore the social support,coping style on depressive mood of infertile patients.Methods 165 infertility patients were collected as the research object,and they were investigated with the self-rating depression scale,social support scale and coping style questionnaire.Results 34.55%,48.48% of the patients with education background of junior middle school,high school appeared depression.Subjective support and positive coping had significant positive correlation.The availability of support and positive coping had significant positive correlation.Positive coping and depression had significant negative correlation,negative coping and depression had significant positive correlation.Educational level and depression demonstrated inverted U shape relationship; coping style had direct effect and indirect effect on infertile female patients with depression.Conclusions Use of active coping without negative coping can reduce depressive mood,improve patients' social support in order to reduce mental stress level.%目的 探讨社会支持、应对方式对女性不孕患者抑郁情绪的影响.方法 收集165例女性不孕患者作为研究对象,以抑郁自评量表、社会支持量表和应对方式问卷对其进行调查,并对结果进行分析.结果 初中,高中的患者出现抑郁情绪的比例为34.55%,48.48%;主观支持与积极应对成正相关;对支持的利用度与积极应对成正相关;积极应对与抑郁情绪成负相关,消极应对与抑郁情绪成正相关.受教育程度与抑郁情绪呈现倒U型曲线关系;应对方式对不孕女性患者的抑郁情绪有直接效应和间接效应.结论 运用积极应对,减少消极应对既能降低抑郁情绪,又可提高女性不孕患者的社会支持程度,从而降低患者不良心理应激水平.

  19. The Social Support System Analysis in Australia to Cope with Population Aging%澳大利亚应对人口老龄化的社会支持体系分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈红敬; 饶克勤; 钱军程

    2014-01-01

    In response of the population aging, the Australian government has adopted a whole-of-government perspective to provide the older people a wide range of service and support. The measures include legislation, establishing and improving the pension systems, and providing f ree medical services etc. In addition, different service packages have been invented in dealing with varied demand of older people. In this paper, we analyze Australia’s social supporting system in response of population aging with multidimensional perspective. The objective is to provide a decision support for China’s policy making in dealing with population aging. Drawing upon the experiences f rom Australia, we conclude that legislation support is the foundation of the elderly rights protection;system arrangement is an important guarantee to cope with population aging, providing personalized service to different group of people is an effective way of realizing healthy aging.%为应对人口老龄化,澳大利亚政府采用整体型政府视角,通过制定法律、建立健全养老金制度、提供免费的医疗服务以及分阶段的护理服务等措施建立起老年人的社会支持体系。澳政府还根据老年人的不同情况制定不同的服务包,以满足老年人的不同需求。可从中得到的启示包括:立法支持是保障老年人权益的基础,制度安排是应对人口老龄化的重要保障,针对老年人不同需求提供个性化服务是实现健康老龄化的有效途径。

  20. How Teachers Cope with Social and Educational Transformation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moree, D.

    2008-01-01

    Transformation is a process in which people face significant changes on many levels of their lives in a relatively short time. This thesis is about how teachers cope with social and educational transformation, using the example of their struggle with multicultural education. This struggle is not som

  1. Coping with Verbal and Social Bullying in Middle School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donoghue, Christopher; Almeida, Angela; Brandwein, David; Rocha, Gabriela; Callahan, Ian

    2014-01-01

    Becoming a victim of verbal and social bullying in middle school can lead to illness, psychological stress, and maladjustment. The coping strategies that students utilize when they are bullied may influence the likelihood and severity of these negative effects. In this study, we examined the predictions made by students in two middle schools about…

  2. Paediatric death and dying: exploring coping strategies of health professionals and perceptions of support provision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forster, Elizabeth; Hafiz, Alaa

    2015-06-01

    Without question a child's death is a devastating event for parents and families. Health professionals working with the dying child and family draw upon their expertise and experience to engage with children, parents and families on this painful journey. This is a delicate and sensitive area of practice and has strong and penetrating effects on health professionals. They employ physical, emotional, spiritual and problem solving strategies to continue to perform this role effectively and to protect their continued sense of wellbeing. To explore health professionals' perceptions of bereavement support surrounding the loss of a child. The research was underpinned by social constructionism. Semi-structured interviews were held with 10 health professionals including doctors, nurses and social workers who were directly involved in the care of the dying child and family in 7 cases of paediatric death. Health professional narratives were analysed consistent with Charmarz's (2006) approach. For health professionals, constructions around coping emerged as peer support, personal coping strategies, family support, physical impact of support and spiritual beliefs. Analysis of the narratives also revealed health professionals' perceptions of their support provision. Health professionals involved in caring for dying children and their families use a variety of strategies to cope with the emotional and physical toll of providing support. They also engage in self-assessment to evaluate their support provision and this highlights the need for self-evaluation tools in paediatric palliative care.

  3. Impulsivity increases risk for coping-motivated drinking in undergraduates with elevated social anxiety☆

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keough, Matthew T.; Badawi, Ghislaine; Nitka, Danit; O’Connor, Roisin M.; Stewart, Sherry H.

    2016-01-01

    According to theory, those high in social anxiety (SA) are at risk for drinking alcohol for coping and conformity motives, which in turn lead to alcohol use and related problems. Empirical tests of this risk pathway in non-clinical samples have produced mixed results. Although those high on SA may drink to cope with anxiety and to reduce the likelihood of social rejection, they may also avoid drinking for fear of embarrassing themselves when intoxicated. Central to alcohol use by those high in SA is a temporary disregard of alcohol’s potentially negative consequences. Accordingly, we hypothesized that SA would positively predict alcohol use and problems, but only at high levels of impulsivity (IMP). We expected these interactive effects to be mediated by coping and conformity motives. Undergraduates (N = 461) completed self-reports. Partially supporting hypotheses, IMP moderated the association between SA and alcohol-related problems (but not use), such that SA predicted problems only at high IMP. This interactive effect was mediated by coping (but not conformity) motives, such that SA positively predicted coping motives (especially at high IMP), which in turn predicted problems. Results suggest that IMP and coping motives clarify SA-related drinking. Clinical interventions may consider targeting IMP. PMID:28066094

  4. Impulsivity increases risk for coping-motivated drinking in undergraduates with elevated social anxiety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keough, Matthew T; Badawi, Ghislaine; Nitka, Danit; O'Connor, Roisin M; Stewart, Sherry H

    2016-01-01

    According to theory, those high in social anxiety (SA) are at risk for drinking alcohol for coping and conformity motives, which in turn lead to alcohol use and related problems. Empirical tests of this risk pathway in non-clinical samples have produced mixed results. Although those high on SA may drink to cope with anxiety and to reduce the likelihood of social rejection, they may also avoid drinking for fear of embarrassing themselves when intoxicated. Central to alcohol use by those high in SA is a temporary disregard of alcohol's potentially negative consequences. Accordingly, we hypothesized that SA would positively predict alcohol use and problems, but only at high levels of impulsivity (IMP). We expected these interactive effects to be mediated by coping and conformity motives. Undergraduates (N = 461) completed self-reports. Partially supporting hypotheses, IMP moderated the association between SA and alcohol-related problems (but not use), such that SA predicted problems only at high IMP. This interactive effect was mediated by coping (but not conformity) motives, such that SA positively predicted coping motives (especially at high IMP), which in turn predicted problems. Results suggest that IMP and coping motives clarify SA-related drinking. Clinical interventions may consider targeting IMP.

  5. Support for coping after diagnosis of gynaecologic cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adellund, Kamila; Frandsen, Helle Nørtved; Juhl, Inger Rudbeck

    Background: Denmark has implemented several cancer schools that offer training and support after treatment. However, there are no offers to patients and relatives from the referral until definitive treatment. Therefore we focus on nursing care for patients and relatives in this period of time where...... their existence is threatened and their ability to cope weakened. The main question of this investigation was: How can the nurse in a multidisciplinary team support patients and relatives to master the first few days where cancer is suspected? We aimed to: Fase 1:          Explore the needs of support...

  6. Understanding Women's Underrepresentation in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics: The Role of Social Coping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morganson, Valerie J.; Jones, Meghan P.; Major, Debra A.

    2010-01-01

    Enrollment of women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors is disproportionately small and declining. This study examines social coping to explain the gender gap. Women undergraduates reported using significantly more social coping than did men. Multiple regression analyses revealed that social coping was a stronger…

  7. INTERPRETATION, COPING & ACCOUNTABILITY IN SOCIAL ACCOUNTING

    OpenAIRE

    Lehman, Glen

    2013-01-01

    Many accountants and accounting theorists believe that objective accounts of the external world are possible. This paper critiques such arguments via an examination of the ethical assumptions underpinning social and environmental accounting. In the early 1990s, David Solomons and Tony Tinker debated the idea that accounting was a fair, just and neutral means to represent reality. On the one hand, Tinker argued that accounting reports are simply artificial constructions and are not objectiv...

  8. Financial coping strategies of mental health consumers: managing social benefits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caplan, Mary Ager

    2014-05-01

    Mental health consumers depend on social benefits in the forms of supplemental security income and social security disability insurance for their livelihood. Although these programs pay meager benefits, little research has been undertaken into how this population makes ends meet. Using a qualitative approach, this study asks what are the financial coping strategies of mental health consumers? Seven approaches were identified: subsidies, cost-effective shopping, budgeting, prioritizing, technology, debt management, and saving money. Results illustrate the resourcefulness of mental health consumers in managing meager social benefits and highlight the need to strengthen community mental health efforts with financial capabilities education.

  9. Online social support networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehta, Neil; Atreja, Ashish

    2015-04-01

    Peer support groups have a long history and have been shown to improve health outcomes. With the increasing familiarity with online social networks like Facebook and ubiquitous access to the Internet, online social support networks are becoming popular. While studies have shown the benefit of these networks in providing emotional support or meeting informational needs, robust data on improving outcomes such as a decrease in health services utilization or reduction in adverse outcomes is lacking. These networks also pose unique challenges in the areas of patient privacy, funding models, quality of content, and research agendas. Addressing these concerns while creating patient-centred, patient-powered online support networks will help leverage these platforms to complement traditional healthcare delivery models in the current environment of value-based care.

  10. Social support in development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mariska Kromhout; Peteke Feijten; Frieke Vonk; Mirjam de Klerk; Anna Maria Marangos; Wouter Mensink; Maaike den Draak; Alice de Boer; m.m.v. Jurjen Iedema

    2014-01-01

    Original title: De Wmo in beweging. Evaluatie Wet maatschappelijke ondersteuning 2010-2012 The goal of the Dutch Social Support Act (Wet maatschappelijke ondersteuning – Wmo) is to make it possible for people to manage within and outside their homes and to participate in society. Within the framewor

  11. Stress Management: Social Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healthy Lifestyle Stress management Having close friends and family has far-reaching benefits for your health. Here's how to build and maintain these ... ll reap a plethora of rewards. References Stress management: How to strengthen your social support network. American ...

  12. Culture and social support: neural bases and biological impact.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherman, David K; Kim, Heejung S; Taylor, Shelley E

    2009-01-01

    Social support is an effective means by which people cope with stressful events, and consequently, it beneficially affects health and well-being. Yet there are profound cultural differences in the effectiveness of different types of support and how people use their support networks. In this paper, we examine research on the impact of culture on social support, the neural underpinnings of social support, and how cultural differences in social support seeking are manifested biologically. We focus on cultural factors that may affect individuals' decisions to seek or not to seek social support and how culture moderates the impact of support seeking on biological and psychological health outcomes. We also examine recent research on the interaction between genes and culture in social support use. Discussion centers on the importance of developing an overarching framework of social support that integrates health psychology, cultural psychology, social neuroscience, and genetics.

  13. 原发性肝癌患者主要照顾者应对方式与社会支持的相关性研究%Study on the correlation between the coping styles of the caregivers of patients with primary liver cancer and the status of social support

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈杰

    2011-01-01

    目的:了解原发性肝癌患者主要照顾者的应对方式、社会支持水平,并探讨两者之间的关系.方法:采用问卷调查的方式对92名原发性肝癌患者照顾者应对方式及社会支持水平.结果:原发性肝癌患者主要照顾者应对方式的面对总分显著低于常模(P<0.01),而回避总分以及屈服总分显著高于常模(P<0.05,P<0.01);客观支持与支持利用度评分显著低于常模(P<0.05);社会支持中的客观支持与回避呈正相关(P<0.05),除客观支持外,社会支持总分及其各项与面对呈正相关(P<0.05).结论:原发性肝癌患者主要照顾者有应对不良的问题,护理人员应该适时引导患者采取有利于健康的应对方式.%Objective: To find out the coping styles of the caregivers of patients with primary liver cancer and the status of social support and to explore the relationship between them. Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted to investigate the coping styles of the caregivers of 92 patients with primary liver cancer and the status of social support. Results: The total score of confrontation of the coping styles of the caregivers of patients with primary liver cancer was significantly lower than the norm ( P < 0. 01 ); the total scores of avoidance and yield were significantly higher than the norm ( P < 0. 05, P<0.01 ); the scores of objective support and support utilization were significantly lower than the norm ( P < 0.05 ); the objective support had a positive correlation with avoidance in social support! P<0.05 ); in addition to objective support, the total scores of social support had a positive correlation with avoidance ( P <0. 05 ). Conclusion: The caregivers of patients with primary liver cancer has some problems in coping styles, so nurses should give the patients timely guidance and help them take healthy coping style.

  14. Defective support network: a major obstacle to coping for patients with heart failure: a qualitative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parvin Mangolian Shahrbabaki

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Heart failure as a chronic disease poses many challenges for a patient in his or her everyday life. Support in various aspects of life positively affects coping strategies and influences the well-being and health outcomes of heart failure patients. Inadequate support may lead to a worsening of symptoms, increased hospital readmissions, psychological disorders, and a reduced quality of life. Objective: This study explored obstacles to coping related to support for heart failure patients as viewed by the patients themselves and their family members and caregivers. Design: This qualitative study was conducted using content analysis. The 20 Iranian participants included 11 patients with heart failure, three cardiologists, three nurses, and three family members of heart failure patients selected through purposive sampling. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and analyzed using the Lundman and Graneheim qualitative content analysis method. Results: During data analysis, ‘defective support network’ developed as the main theme along with four other categories of ‘inadequate family performance’, ‘inadequate support by the healthcare team’, ‘distorted societal social support’, and ‘inadequate welfare support’. Conclusion: The findings of the current study can assist health authorities and planners in identifying the needs of patients with heart failure so as to focus and plan on facilitating their coping as much as possible by obviating the existing obstacles.

  15. Cognitive impact of social stress and coping strategy throughout development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Kevin P; Barry, Mark; Valentino, Rita J

    2015-01-01

    Stress experience during adolescence has been linked to the development of psychiatric disorders in adulthood, many of which are associated with impairments in prefrontal cortex function. The current study was designed to determine the immediate and enduring effects of repeated social stress on a prefrontal cortex-dependent cognitive task. Early adolescent (P28), mid-adolescent (P42), and adult (P70) rats were exposed to resident-intruder stress for 5 days and tested in an operant strategy-shifting task (OSST) during the following week or several weeks later during adulthood. Engagement of prefrontal cortical neurons during the task was assessed by expression of the immediate early gene, c-fos. Social stress during adolescence had no immediate effects on task performance, but impaired strategy-shifting in adulthood, whereas social stress that occurred during adulthood had no effect. The cognitive impairment produced by adolescent social stress was most pronounced in rats with a passive coping strategy. Notably, strategy-shifting performance was positively correlated with medial prefrontal cortical c-fos in adulthood but not in adolescence, suggesting that the task engages different brain regions in adolescents compared to adults. Adolescent social stress produces a protracted impairment in prefrontal cortex-mediated cognition that is related to coping strategy. This impairment may be selectively expressed in adulthood because prefrontal cortical activity is integral to task performance at this age but not during adolescence.

  16. Social anxiety and cardiovascular responses to active coping conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARGIT GRAMER

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available This study assessed the influence of trait social anxiety on cardiovascular, emotional and behavioral responses to active performance situations representing social and cognitive demands. Thirty-six male and thirty-six female students categorized as either high or low in trait social anxiety performed a mental arithmetic task and two interpersonal tasks requiring persuasive behavior: Preparation and Performance of a Speech, Role-played Interpersonal Interactions. The cardiovascular effects of social anxiety varied over experimental stressors and appear to reflect differences in effort or task engagement rather than differential affective experiences. During Role-played Interactions high socially anxious subjects displayed lower increases in systolic blood pressure compared to low anxious participants. This effect was partially mediated by behavioral indicators of social competence and suggests a more inhibited coping approach of socially anxious participants. Findings for Mental Arithmetic were in the opposite direction, high socially anxious subjects displayed greater heart rate effects. In the absence of group differences in state anxiety this effect might result from stronger audience effects on effort or task motivation in socially anxious participants. These findings strengthen the view that active performance situations elicit cardiovascular effects that are largely attributable to differences in task engagement. The data also indicate the importance of considering situational factors in social anxiety research.

  17. Effect of Midwives' Intervention on Coping Style, Social Support and the Choice of Delivery Mode in the Antenatal Clinic%助产士介入产前门诊对产妇应对方式、社会支持及其分娩方式的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭艳俊; 沈莺

    2016-01-01

    [ABSTRACT]Objective: To investigate the interventional effect on the choice of the midwife antenatal clinic of maternal social support and coping style and mode of delivery.Methods:86 cases of normal pregnant women were randomly divided into observation group and control group, 43 cases in each. The two groups received routine prenatal outpatient antenatal clinic observation group in other midwives, choose between two groups of coping styles, social support and mode of delivery.Results:The observation group scores of positive coping style was higher than the control group, negative coping scores were significantly lower than the control group (P<0.05). The observation group of objective support, subjective support and utilization of support, the total score of social support were significantly higher than the control group (P<0.05). The cesarean section rate of observation group was significantly lower than that of control group (P<0.05).Conclusion:Midwives intervention in prenatal care can improve maternal coping style and social support, help mothers choose natural childbirth, reduce the rate of cesarean section.%目的:探讨助产士介入产前门诊对产妇应对方式、社会支持及其分娩方式选择的影响。方法:86例正常产妇抽签随机分为观察组与对照组,各43例。两组均接受常规产前门诊,观察组另参加助产士的产前门诊,比较两组应对方式、社会支持及其分娩方式选择。结果:观察组积极应对方式得分高于对照组,消极应对方式得分明显低于对照组分(P<0.05)。观察组客观支持、主观支持及对支持的利用度、社会支持总分均明显高于对照组(P<0.05)。观察组剖宫产率明显低于对照组(P<0.05)。结论:助产士介入产前门诊可提高产妇的应对方式与社会支持,有助于产妇选择自然分娩,降低剖宫产率。

  18. The factors of coping and perceived social support scale on juvenile violent prisoners in Shanxi Province%应对方式和领悟社会支持对山西省青少年暴力犯罪的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何志晶; 王志中; 樊鑫

    2012-01-01

      Objective:The objective of this paper is to explore the factors of coping and perceived social support scale on juvenile violent prisoners in Shanxi Province. Methods:789 juvenile violent prisoners were surveyed with Revised Aggression Questionnaire,Coping Questionnaire and Perceived Social Support Scale Questionnaire. Results:There were significantly different problems-solving,self-accusation, illusions,retreat,rationalization and perceived social support scale with factors of Coping Questionnaire,but help-seeking. Conclusion:The juvenile violent prisoners to use mostly immature or mixed coping style, instead of mature coping style;perceived social support scale is lower;problems-solving,self-accusation,illusions, rationalization and perceived social support scale are effectiveness to violent attacks .%  目的:探讨应对方式和领悟社会支持对山西省青少年暴力犯罪的影响。方法:采用修订后攻击问卷、应对方式问卷和领悟社会支持PSSS问卷对789名山西青少年犯进行心理测量。结果:除求助外,解决问题、自责、幻想、退避、合理化和PSSS与《攻击问卷》各因素之间有着十分显著的关系;言语攻击、愤怒和敌意与PSSS之间有十分显著地关系,身体攻击与PSSS之间的关系不大。结论:青少年暴力犯多采用不成熟或者混合型的应对方式,而不是求助等成熟的应对方式;对于社会中的支持感受较低;解决问题、自责、幻想、合理化、PSSS对暴力攻击有影响效力。

  19. The impact of burden, positive feelings, coping style and social support on caregivers' fatigue of dementia patients%失智症患者照顾者照顾感受、应对方式及社会支持对疲劳的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜晓; 吴艳凤; 沈军

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the impact of burden,positive feelings,coping style and social support on caregivers' fatigue of dementia patients.Methods 190 caregivers of dementia patients were investigated by using the questionnaires of Caregivers Burden Inventory(CBI),Positive Aspects of Caregiving(PAC),Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ),Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS) and Fatigue Scale-14 (FS-14).Results The caregivers' fatigue of dementia patients was positively correlated with burden(r=0.56,P<0.01),negative coping style(r=0.31,P <0.01),and negatively associated with positive feelings(r=-0.33,P <0.01),social support (r =-0.36,P < 0.01) and positive coping style (r---0.55,P < 0.01),respectively.Path analysis showed coping style and social support had direct impacts on fatigue; burden had a direct impact on fatigue,and also had an indirect influence on it through coping style or social support; fatigue might be decreased by positive feelings and increased by negative coping style.Conclusion To prevent and relieve the caregivers'fatigue of dementia patients,caregivers should be encouraged to take positive coping style and increase social support so as to reduce burden and increase positive feelings.%目的 探讨失智症患者照顾者的照顾感受、应对方式和社会支持对疲劳的影响.方法 运用照顾者负担量表、照顾者积极感受量表、简易应对方式问卷、社会支持评定量表和疲劳量表对重庆市190名失智症患者的照顾者进行问卷调查,并对结果进行路径分析.结果 失智症患者照顾者的疲劳分别与照顾负担(r=0.56,P<0.01)和消极应对方式(r=0.31,P<0.01)呈显著正相关,与积极感受(r=-0.33,P<0.01)、社会支持(r=-0.36,P<0.01)及积极应对方式(r=-0.55,P<0.01)呈显著负相关.路径分析显示:应对方式、社会支持直接影响疲劳;照顾负担可以直接影响疲劳,也可通过社会支持、应对方式间接影响疲劳;积极感受

  20. The Model of Relation between Life Event,Social Support,Coping Style and Internet Dependence in Adolescents%生活事件、社会支持、应对方式与青少年网络依赖的关系模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王恩界; 张晓明

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the relation between internet dependence and life event, social support, coping style in adolescents, so as to provide basis for prevention and control of adolescent internet dependence. Methods The mental tests were conducted among 712 students of high school and college, who were enrolled by using stratified clustering sampling, with Internet Addiction Test ( IAT ), Adolescent Self - Rating Life Events Check - list ( ASLEC ), Coping Modes Questionnaire ( CMQ ), and Perceived Social Support Scale ( PSSS ) . Results There was no significant relation between positive coping and internet dependence in adolescents. Negative coping, life event stress, social support had direct effect to forecast the internet dependence. Life events and positive coping had indirect effect to internet dependence through negative coping. Conclusion The above findings basically examine and certify the stress - support - cooping modified model of internet dependence in adolescents.%目的 探索青少年网络依赖与生活事件、社会支持、应对方式之间的关系,为预防和干预青少年网络依赖提供依据.方法 采用多阶段抽样方法,使用网络成瘾鉴定问卷(IAT)、青少年生活事件量表(ASLEC)、应对方式问卷(CMQ)、领悟性社会支持量表(PSSS)等对712名初、高中生和大学生进行心理测评.结果 青少年网络依赖程度与积极的应对方式无明显关系;消极应对方式、生活事件应激、社会支持对青少年网络依赖具有直接预测力;生活事件、积极应对方式可以通过消极应对方式间接影响青少年网络依赖.结论 上述结果基本支持了青少年网络依赖的应激-支持-应对修正模型.

  1. 大学生社会支持与主观幸福感的关系研究:应对方式的中介作用%A Study on the Relationship of Social Support and Subj ective Well being of College Students:Mediation Effect of Coping Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶艳晖

    2014-01-01

    A survey was carried out on 500 college students through Social Support Rating Scale, Coping Style Questionnaire and General Well being Rating Scale and a discussion was organized to talk about the relationship of social support,coping style and subj ective well being of college students in or-der to examine the mediation effect of coping style.The results show:(1)Social support has no statisti-cal meaning in gender and grade difference,gender difference of coping factors has no statistical mean-ing,the four coping factors including problem solving,self blame,illusion and avoidance differ signifi-cantly in grade,boy students score much higher in subj ective well being than girl students and there is significant discrepancies between different grades.(2)Social support has significant positive correlation with subj ective well being;problem solving and help seeking have significant positive correlation with subj ective well being,self blame,and illusion,avoidance,and rationalization has significant negative correlation with subjective well being.(3)Social support has evident direct effect on subjective well being(β=0.289,P <0.001)and the mediation effect of coping style is significant (β=0.197,β=-0.366,P<0.001),of which mediation effect of mature coping style accounts for 2 9 .7% of the overall effect while mediation effect of immature coping style accounts for 18.9%.%以500名在校大学生为研究对象,采用社会支持评定量表、应对方式问卷和总体幸福感量表进行问卷调查,探讨大学生社会支持、应对方式与主观幸福感的关系,并检验应对方式的中介效应.结果显示:(1)社会支持在性别、年级差异上均无统计学意义;应对各因子性别差异无统计学意义,解决问题、自责、幻想、退避四个应对因子存在显著年级差异;主观幸福感得分男生显著高于女生,并存在显著年级差异.(2)社会支持与主观幸福感呈显著正相关;解决问题、求助两

  2. The moderating role of an oxytocin receptor gene polymorphism in the relation between unsupportive social interactions and coping profiles: Implications for depression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Opal Arilla Mcinnis

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Oxytocin is a hormone that is thought to influence prosocial behaviors and may be important in modulating responses to both positive and negative social interactions. Indeed, a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP of the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR has been associated with decreased trust, empathy, optimism and social support seeking, which are important components of coping with stressors. In the current study, conducted among undergraduate students (N=225, it was shown that parental and peer social support was related to fewer depressive symptoms through elevated problem-focused coping and lower emotion-focused coping, and these effects were independent of the OXTR polymorphism. Unsupportive social interactions from parents were associated with more severe depressive symptoms through the greater use of emotion-focused coping, and this relation was moderated by the OXTR genotype. Specifically, individuals who carried the polymorphism on one or both of their alleles demonstrated increased emotion-focused coping following unsupportive responses compared to those without the polymorphism. Likewise, lower problem-focused coping mediated the relation between parental and peer unsupportive responses to depressive symptoms, but this mediated relation was only evident among carriers of the polymorphism. These findings suggest that carrying this OXTR polymorphism might favor disadvantageous coping styles in the face of negative social interactions, which in turn are linked to poor mood. Regardless of genotype, parental and peer social support are fundamental in determining stress-related coping and well-being.

  3. The influence of social support, life stress, coping style on learning burnout in middle school students%社会支持、生活压力、应对方式对初中生学习倦怠的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    喻爱军

    2015-01-01

    目的 探讨社会支持、生活压力、应对方式与学习倦怠的相关程度,以及对学习倦怠的预测情况.方法 以306名初中学生为研究对象,进行青少年学习倦怠量表、中学生应激源量表、青少年社会支持量表和简易应对方式问卷评估.结果 初中生学习倦怠得分为(44.30±8.45)分,中重度学习倦怠占31.9%.学习倦怠、生活压力源、应对方式性别差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);社会支持[(46.57± 12.50)分 vs (50.03±10.63)分]性别差异有统计学意义(t=-2.536,P<0.05).学习倦怠与生活压力源和消极应对方式呈正相关(r=0.146~0.301,P<0.05),与社会支持和积极应对方式呈负相关(r=-0.301~-0.231,P<0.01).学习压力(β=0.435)、教师压力(β=0.157)、支持利用度(β=-0.204)、消极应对方式(β=2.668)为学习倦怠的影响因素,可预测学习倦怠26.4%的变异.结论 学习压力、教师压力、支持利用度、消极应对方式是初中生学习倦怠的影响因素.%Objective To explore the impact and prediction of social support, life stress, coping style on learning burnout in middle school students.Methods A total of 306 middle school students were investigated with adolescent student burnout inventory, middle shool psychological stressors questionnaires, social support rating scale for juveniles and simplified coping style questionnaire.Results The scores of learning burnout were 44.30±8.45.The moderate learning burnout accounted for 31.9%.There were no differences between social support,life stress,coping style(P>0.05).There were significant differences in social support ((46.57± 12.50) vs (50.03 ± 10.63))between male and female(t=-2.536, P<0.05).There was positive correlation between learning burnout and life stress and negative coping style(r=0.146-0.301, P<0.05) ,and negative correlation between learning burnout and social support and positive coping style (r=-0.301--0.231, P<0.01).The learning stress

  4. Correlation study of social function level with family support and coping style in patients with schizophrenia in remission%缓解期精神分裂症患者社会功能水平与家庭支持及应对方式的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹娟; 李小妹; 周凯娜

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨精神分裂症患者社会功能水平与其家庭支持及应对方式之间的相关性.方法 对西安市两所医院132例缓解期精神分裂症患者用世界卫生组织残疾评定量表Ⅱ、家庭支持量表及特质对应方式问卷对其社会功能、家庭支持以及应对方式进行调查.结果 精神分裂症患者世界卫生组织残疾评定量表得分为(56.06±19.15)分,与家庭支持量表得分呈负相关(P=0.000),与应对方式量表中的积极应对得分呈负相关(P=0.006),与应对方式量表中的消极应对得分呈正相关(P=0.000).影响精神分裂症患者社会功能水平的因素主要是消极应对方式和家庭支持情况.结论 缓解期精神分裂症患者的社会功能水平总体偏低,良好的家庭支持和积极应对方式有利于改善精神分裂症患者的社会功能水平.%Objective To explore the correlation of social function level with family support and coping style in patients with schizophrenia in remission. Methods A total of 132 schizophrenic patients from two hospitals in Xi'an were investigated with World Health Organization - Disability Assessment Scale II ( WHO - DAS II) , Perceived Social Support for Family Scale (PSS - Fa) and Trait Coping Style Questionnaire ( TCSQ) about their social functions, family supports and coping styles. Results The score of WHO - DAS II was (56.06 ± 19.15) and it was negatively correlated with PSS - Fa Scale score (P =0.000) and positive - coping score in TCSQ (P =0.006) ,but positively correlated with negative - coping score in TCSQ (P =0.000). The main influencing factors of the social function level were negative coping styles and family supports. Conclusion The general social function level of schizophrenia patients in Xian is relatively low,and good family support and positive coping style were beneficial for the improvement of social function level in patients with schizophrenia.

  5. 初产妇母亲角色适应与应对方式及社会支持的相关性研究%The relationship between postpartum maternal role adaptation and coping style,social support in primiparae

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴丽萍; 胡晓斐; 王叶飞

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the relationship between postpartum maternal role adaptation and coping style, social support in primiparae. Methods Totally 187 primiparae were investigated with Maternal Role Adaptation Questionnaire, Simplified Coping Styles Questionnaire and Social Support Rating Scale at 43 days after childbirth. Results In these primiparae 23.0 percent,52.9 percent and 24.1 percent of the them showed high level,moderate level and low level of maternal role adaptation,respectively. The degree of maternal role adaptation was different among primiparae with different educational levels and whether had expected pregnancy or not(P<0.05). The maternal role adaptation was positively correlated with active coping style,the total score of social support,subjective support and utilization of support,while negatively correlated with negative coping style. Regression analysis showed that whether had expected pregnancy or not,active coping style,negative coping style, subjective support and utilization of support were important influence factors of maternal role adaptation. Conclusion Active coping style,high level of subjective support and utility of support can promote maternal role adaptation in primiparae.%目的 探讨初产妇产褥期母亲角色适应与应对方式及社会支持的关系.方法 产后第43天,应用母亲角色适应问卷、应对方式量表和社会支持量表调查187例初产妇产褥期母亲角色适应状况.结果 母亲角色适应良好43倒(23.0%)、中等99例(52.9%)、差45例(24.1%);不同文化程度、是否计划妊娠初产妇母亲角色适应程度构成比比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);母亲角色适应与积极应对、社会支持、主观支持、支持利用度呈正相关,与消极应对呈负相关;回归分析显示,是否计划妊娠、积极应对、消极应对、主观支持、支持利用度是影响母亲角色适应的重要因素.结论 积极的应对方式、良好的主观

  6. Coping with the Obligation Dilemma: Prototypes of Social Workers in the Nursing Home.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lev, Sagit; Ayalon, Liat

    2016-07-01

    We examined the ways in which the social worker is coping with obligation dilemma in an Israeli nursing home. The research was conducted using semi-structured, in-depth interviews carried out with fifteen social workers employed in nursing homes. The interviews were analysed thematically, using constant comparisons. The three themes were concerned with the social worker's place in the nursing home, her relationship with the management and staff, and her coping with the obligation dilemma. These themes highlighted the difference between the interviewees. On the background of this difference, four prototypes of nursing home's social workers were defined: the managerial, the contented, the fighter and the frustrated. From analysing the findings, the significant place of the personal and environmental factors that influence the ways in which the social worker deals with these four themes emerges. Our findings suggest that the strengthening, empowerment and support of social workers in institutions can directly enhance the health, security, emotional well-being and quality of life of nursing home residents.

  7. 社会支持、应对方式及一般自我效能感与精神病患者病耻感的关系研究%Analysis of the Relationship between Social Support, Coping Style and General Self-efficacy and Mental Illness Stigma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雪梅; 杨斌; 张艳

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the social support,coping style and general self-ef icacy and mental disease patients with shame.Methods Choose 100 cases of schizophrenia patients as the research object,people with mental il ness to its disease shame scale investigation,through the survey data of patients with social support,coping style and general self-ef icacy and related index analysis.Results through the investigation,according to the score of patients with schizophrenia disease shame and social support,coping style and general self-ef icacy have certain relations.Conclusion Many factors can influence,many kinds of relations in patients with schizophrenia,including social support,coping style and general self-ef icacy and its relationship more closely,can the patient's disease shame levels play a role.%目的探究社会支持、应对方式及一般自我效能感与精神病患者病耻感的关系。方法选取100例精神分裂症患者为研究对象,对其予以精神疾病患者病耻感量表调查,通过调查数据对患者的社会支持、应对方式以及一般自我效能感等相关指标进行分析研究。结果通过调查评分显示,精神分裂症患者的病耻感与社会支持、应对方式及一般自我效能感均存在一定关系。结论多种因素、多种关系对精神分裂症患者都会产生影响,其中社会支持、应对方式以及一般自我效能感与其关系更为密切,有利于患者的临床治疗。

  8. Predicting Early Adolescents' Academic Achievement, Social Competence, and Physical Health from Parenting, Ego Resilience, and Engagement Coping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swanson, Jodi; Valiente, Carlos; Lemery-Chalfant, Kathryn; O'Brien, T. Caitlin

    2011-01-01

    This study examined ego resilience and engagement coping as mediators of the relationships between supportive and controlling parenting practices and early adolescents' academic achievement, social competence, and physical health. Participants were 240 predominantly Mexican American early adolescents, their parents, and their teachers. There were…

  9. The Social Coping Questionnaire: An Examination of Its Structure with an American Sample of Gifted Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudasill, Kathleen Moritz; Foust, Regan Clark; Callahan, Carolyn M.

    2007-01-01

    Gifted students report that they are often perceived differently than nonidentified students (Cross, Coleman, & Stewart, 1993); thus, they employ social coping strategies to manipulate the visibility of their giftedness. The Social Coping Questionnaire (SCQ; Swiatek, 1995) was designed to assess these strategies. This study's purpose was to…

  10. Depression and Social Anxiety in Children: Differential Links with Coping Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Mark; Banerjee, Robin; Hoek, Willemijn; Rieffe, Carolien; Novin, Sheida

    2010-01-01

    Strategies that children use for coping with stressors are known to be related to emotional adjustment, but not enough is understood about specific links with social anxiety and depression. The present investigation tested differentiated associations of social anxiety and depression with specific types of coping strategies, and evaluated the…

  11. Mediation effects of attachment, social support and coping style on the links between life events and mental health%依恋、社会支持、应对方式在生活事件影响心理健康的中介作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶雨春; 贺苏; 崔滨; 刘彩霞; 马禹; 陈力

    2010-01-01

    Objective To study the effect of attachment, coping style and social support on mental health in technical school students.Methods 372 technical school students were assessed by ECR(Experiences in Close Relationship's Inventory) ,Symptom Check Scale List-90 (SCL-90) and Coping Style Scale For Secondary School Students( CSS), Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Checklist ( ASLEC), Perceived Social Support Scale (PSSS).Results ( 1 ) Life events had significant correlations with all indexes score of attachment anxiety ( r =0.293 ~ 0.356, P <0.01 ) ,the scale of coping style focus on emotion and the total score of SCL-90 ( r = 0.259 ~0.509, P<0.01 ) ,and the total score of perceived social support had significant correlations with the total score of SCL-90 ( r =-0.238, P < 0.01 ).( 2 ) Structural equation analysis ( model fit: χ2 = 540.593, RMSEA = 0.114,NFI = 0.864 ,CFI =0.884, P < 0.01 ) showed that life events affect on mental health through the mediation effects of coping style focus on emotion, attachment anxiety and the perceived social support and coping style focus on emotion had most mediating effect on mental health ( mediation effect = 33.2% ).Conclusion Life events had both direct effect and indirect effect through coping style focus on emotion, attachment anxiety and the Perceived Social Support on mental health.%目的 探讨依恋、应对方式、社会支持在生活事件对心理健康影响的中介效应.方法 采用整群抽样的方法对哈尔滨市某技工学校一年级新生372人进行中学生亲密关系经历量表(ECR),症状自评量表(SCL-90),应对方式量表(CSS),青少年生活事件量表(ASLEC),领悟社会支持量表(PSSS)问卷调查.结果 (1)生活事件与依恋焦虑因子呈显著正相关(r=0.293~0.356,P<0.01),与情绪集中性应对各因子呈显著正相关(r=0,259~0.509,P<0.01),与SCL-90总分呈显著正相关(P<0.01);领悟社会支持与SCL-90总分呈显著负相关(r=-0.238,P<0

  12. 孤独症患儿母亲的亲职压力与社会支持、应对方式的相关性研究%Correlative research in parenting stress, social support and coping style in mothers of children with autism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦秀群; 唐春; 陈华丽; 彭碧秀

    2009-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationship between parenting stress and social support, cop-ing style in mothers of children with autism. Methods 105 mothers with autistic children(the observation group) and 100 mothers with healthy children (the control group) were investigated by questionnaires, which included parenting stress index-short form (PSI-SF), social support scale and simplified coping style questionnaire. And then the relationship between parenting stress, social support and coping style was ana-lyzed among them. Results Mothers of children with autism experienced a significantly higher level in the total score of parenting stress and all the domains when compared with mothers of healthy children. Par-enting stress was negatively correlated with social support. Conclusions Mothers of children with autism generally experience a significantly higher level than parents of healthy children in the total parenting stress and all the domains. Social support could reduce parenting stress of mothers with autistic children.%目的 探讨孤独症患儿母亲的亲职压力与社会支持、应对方式的关系.方法 采用亲职压力指标简表、社会支持评定量表和简易应对方式问卷对105名孤独症患儿母亲(观察组)和100名正常儿童母亲(对照组)的亲职压力进行调查,并分析亲职压力与社会支持、应对方式的相关性.结果 孤独症患儿母亲的亲职压力总分和各维度得分均显著高于正常儿童母亲;亲职压力与社会支持成负相关.结论 孤独症患儿母亲普遍存在较高水平的亲职压力,社会支持系统可降低亲职压力水平.

  13. A support intervention to promote health and coping among homeless youths.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Miriam; Reutter, Linda; Letourneau, Nicole; Makwarimba, Edward

    2009-06-01

    Homeless youths are often vulnerable to limited support resources and loneliness. Peers are a potent source of social support. A support intervention for homeless youths was designed to optimize peer influence and was pilot tested. The intervention was based on an initial assessment of support needs and intervention preferences from the perspective of 36 homeless youths and 27 service providers. Based on the results, a 20-week pilot intervention program was designed, consisting of 4 support groups, optional one-on-one support, group recreational activities, and meals. Support was provided by professional and peer mentors, including formerly homeless youths. A total of 56 homeless youths aged 16 to 24 took part. Participants completed pre-, mid-, and post-test quantitative measures and qualitative interviews. In spite of challenges due primarily to attrition, the youths reported enhanced health behaviours, improved mental well-being, decreased loneliness, expanded social network, increased coping skills, enhanced self-efficacy, and diminished use of drugs and alcohol. Further research could focus on replication at other sites with a larger sample.

  14. Social support and fires in the workplace: a preliminary investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKimmie, Blake M; Jimmieson, Nerina L; Mathews, Rebecca; Moffat, Kieren

    2009-01-01

    Workers who experience fire in the workplace are faced with disruption to their work routine, as well as the emotional strain of the fire. In the broader occupational stress literature, researchers have suggested that social support will be most effective at reducing the negative effects of stressors on strain when the type of support matches the type of stressor being experienced (either instrumental or emotional). This study was a preliminary investigation into employee responses to less routine stressors, such as workplace fires, and the role of different sources of social support in predicting coping effectiveness. This study also was a first attempt at considering the influence of the social context (in terms of group identification) on the effectiveness of social support as a predictor of coping effectiveness. Specifically, it was predicted that social support would be more effective when it came from multiple sources within the organization, that it would be especially effective when provided from a group that workers identified more strongly with, and that simply feeling part of a group would improve adjustment. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected from 33 employees who had recently experienced a significant fire in their workplace. Results suggested that the type of stressors experienced and the type of support were mismatched, but despite this, coping effectiveness was generally moderate to high. There was mixed support for predictions about the effects of social support-no moderating effect of group identification on coping effectiveness was observed for measures of workplace support, although it did moderate the effects of family support on this adjustment indicator.

  15. 合肥市5家企业员工工作满意度与社会支持和应对方式的关系%The relationships of job satisfaction with social support and coping styles in five employees in Hefei

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓海生; 王兆良; 沈寅虎

    2011-01-01

    Objective To understand job satisfaction among employees in enterprises of Hefei, and to explore the relationships of job satisfaction with social support and coping styles in them. Methods Self-made Demography Statistics Questionnaire, Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ short form questionnaire), Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS) and Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ) were used to inquire 332 employees of in companies in Hefei.Data was input with Epi Data 3.1 double input methods, and statistical analysis were made with SAS 9.0. Results Job satisfaction of employees in these enterprises in Hefei was intermediate (3.40 ± 0.61 ), and there was a significant difference of job satisfaction among employees with different educational level ( P < 0.001 ); job satisfaction was significantly and positively associated with social support total ( r = 0.51, P < 0. 001 ), objective support ( r = 0.43, P < 0. 001 ), subjective support ( r = 0.44, P < 0.001 ), use degrees of support ( r = 0.40, P < 0.001 ) and active coping styles ( r = 0.51,P<0.001); and the active coping style, oubjective support and subjective support were important Influence factors of employees' job satisfaction. Conclusions Employees' job satisfaction was influenced by the staff's social support and coping styles.%目的 了解合肥市企业员工工作满意度状况,探讨员工工作满意度与社会支持、应对方式的关系.方法 采用自制的人口统计学问卷、明尼苏达满意度问卷(MSQ短式问卷)、社会支持评定量表(SSRS)和简易应对方式量表(SCSQ),对合肥市5家企业332名员工进行问卷调查.采用Epi Data 3.1双录入法输入数据,使用SAS 9.0软件进行统计分析.结果 合肥市企业员工工作满意度中等偏上,为(3.40±0.61)分,不同学历的员工工作满意度间差异有统计学意义(P<0.001);员工工作满意度与社会支持总分(r=0.51,P<0.001)、客观支持(r=0.43,P<0.001)

  16. El apoyo social: estrategia para afrontar el cáncer de cérvix O apoio social: estratégia para afrontar o câncer de colo uterino Social support: estrategy to cope with cervical cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita María Gómez Gómez

    2012-01-01

    uterino. Metodologia: neste estudo de tipo qualitativo, realizado na área metropolitana do Vale de Aburrá (Colômbia, entre agosto de 2007 e maio de 2009, seguindo as linhas básicas propostas pela teoria fundada, catorze mulheres diagnosticadas e tratadas de câncer de colo uterino foram entrevistadas depois de serem contatadas por intermédio das instituições encarregadas dos seus tratamentos. A análise dos dados se fez manualmente, seguindo o processo para identificar as con-dições em que as entrevistadas definiram as estratégias para afrontar o seu tratamento. Resultados: o apoio social, oferecido por pessoal de saúde, família, vizinhos e amigos, emergiu como estratégia de afrontamento importante durante a doença. Conclusões: a informação -vital para os doentes- deve ser fornecida por pessoal de saúde em linguagem clara. Também é importante se certificar que o paciente e a família com-preendam a mensagem. O pessoal de enfermagem deve ofe-recer cuidado humanizado que considere as particularidades individuais. É preciso incluir a família nos programas de cuidado e envolve-la na educação providenciada ao paciente, como um dos pilares no afrontamento do câncer de colo uterino.The incidence of cervical cancer in Colombia is estimated to be at a rate of 21,5 new cases per every 100.000 women (1, above 20 years old, that cause discomfort, uneasiness and suffering that hinder their fully vital development. Purpose: understand social support as a coping strategy in women diagnosed with cervical cancer. Methodology: this qualitative study, conducted in the metropolitan area of Vale de Aburrá (Colombia, between August 2007 and May 2009, following the guidelines proposed by literature, fourteen women whose cervical cancer has been diagnosed and treated, were interviewed and attested through the institutions in charge of their treatment. Data analysis is performed manually, following the process to identify the conditions in which the interviewed women

  17. Analysing social support personal networks of single mothers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lumino, Rosaria; van Duijn, Maria

    2015-01-01

    Social support networks play a relevant role in defining successful coping strategies by female-headed families, especially in presence of children and when they live alone. In the last decades, indeed, there was a steady increase of single parent families in all European countries, and consequently

  18. Unemployment among women with multiple sclerosis: the role of coping and perceived stress and support in the workplace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strober, L B; Arnett, P A

    2015-10-12

    Unemployment is high among individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). Certain disease variables and demographics have been found to distinguish employed and unemployed individuals. However, these variables only account for 14-20% of the variance. Other factors, such as coping, perceived stress and social support, in the workforce have been proposed, but not yet fully examined. The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the role of known factors associated with unemployment in MS, as well as coping and perceived work stress and social support. Sixty-eight women with MS were asked about their employment status and reasons for leaving. They completed a comprehensive assessment including measures of cognition, disease symptoms, psychological functioning, coping and stress. Consistent with previous findings, certain disease and demographic variables were associated with being unemployed. In particular, women who left work due to their MS were found to be older, had a longer disease duration and progressive course, reported greater disability and fatigue, and performed worse on a cognitive measure. However, we also found that coping style distinguished those who were employed from those who left work due to their MS. In particular, those who left work reported utilizing maladaptive coping mechanisms such as behavioral disengagement and substance use. With regard to perceived work stress and support, individuals who were employed reported that job security and fellow co-workers were more of an uplift than a hassle in their lives, suggesting some benefit in employment. These findings suggest that further consideration be given to role of coping and perception of the benefit of employment among individuals with MS when making recommendations regarding work decisions.

  19. The Formation Mechanism of Miners'Job Burnout: the mediation action of social support and coping style%矿工工作倦怠的形成机制——社会支持和应对方式的中介作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李乃文; 牛莉霞

    2013-01-01

    构建矿工工作压力源、社会支持、应对方式和工作倦怠的结构模型,为矿工倦怠干预提供依据.采用多阶段分层随机抽样,抽取井工煤矿一线矿工1229名,用自编矿工工作倦怠、工作压力源问卷及成型社会支持评定量表、特质应对问卷进行调查.结果发现,组织管理和角色压力均正向影响工作倦怠的三个维度,工作特征仅正向影响生理疲乏;社会支持是工作压力源到工作倦怠的中介变量,主要表现在角色压力到疏离工作路径,客观支持中介效应较强;消极应对是工作压力源到工作倦怠的部分中介变量,其中介效应较社会支持大很多;工作压力源通过影响社会支持再影响应对方式进而正向影响工作倦怠;积极应对负向影响疏离工作.%To build relationship model of job stressors,social support,coping style and job burnout for miners.The valid random samples included 1229 miners from national and private coal mine,who were investigated with the revised Job-Burnout Inventory for Miners,Job Stressors Inventory,SSRS and TCSQ.The analysis results of the structural equation models developed by using AMOS7.0 shows that both role stress and organizational management have significant impact on emotional exhaustion and disengagement from work,the characteristics of work only has significant impact on physical fatigue,which is different from most of previous studies that emphasize a direct impact of job loading on emotional exhaustion; Social support is the mediator between job Stressors and job burnout,the effect of objective support is larger; Negative coping style is the mediator between job Stressors and job burnout,and its effect is larger than social support; Job stressors influences social support first,than coping style,last job burnout,social support and coping style are mediator together; Positive coping style has significant impact on disengagement from work.The conclusion is based on cross

  20. Correlated Analysis on Acceptance of Disability, Social Support and Coping Styles of Colostomy Patients%永久性结肠造口患者伤残接受度与社会支持及应对方式的相关性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何松雪; 刘国杰; 刘虹泽; 于颖; 陈立杰

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the current status of acceptance of disability, social support and coping styles of colostomy pa-tients, and discuss the correlation among them. Methods A total of 108 patients were recruited and investigated with Acceptance of Disability Scale (AODS), Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS), Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ) and self-designed general information questionnaire. Results The total score of AODS was 80.22±9.66, which showed medium level of acceptance of disabili-ty. The acceptance of disability was positively correlated with the social support, positive coping styles score and negatively correlated with the negative coping styles score(P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusion The level of AODS among colostomy patients needs to be im-proved. Individual care should be provide for colostomy patients to encourage patients to take positive coping styles and improve the quality of life.%目的:了解永久性结肠造口患者伤残接受度、社会支持及应对方式的现状,并分析伤残接受度与社会支持及应对方式的相关性。方法采用伤残接受度量表(Acceptance of Disabiliy Scale,AODS)、社会支持评定量表(Social Support Rating Scale, SSRS)、简易应对方式问卷(Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire,SCSQ)、自制的一般资料调查表,对108例永久性结肠造口患者进行调查。结果永久性结肠造口患者伤残接受度总分为(80.22±9.66)分,总体处于中等水平;永久性结肠造口患者伤残接受度总分与社会支持得分、积极应对得分呈正相关,与消极应对得分呈负相关(P<0.05或P<0.01)。结论永久性结肠造口患者的伤残接受度有待提升,医护人员应针对现有的社会支持系统,探索有效的干预措施,帮助患者采取积极应对的方式,提高其生活质量。

  1. Cannabis and Related Impairment: The Unique Roles of Cannabis Use to Cope with Social Anxiety and Social Avoidance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buckner, Julia D.; Zvolensky, Michael J.

    2017-01-01

    Background and Objectives Social anxiety appears to be a risk factor for cannabis-related problems. Socially anxious individuals are vulnerable to using cannabis to cope in social situations and to avoiding social situations if marijuana is unavailable. Yet, the relative impact of cannabis use to cope with social anxiety relative to use to cope with negative affect more broadly has yet to be examined. Methods The present study used the Marijuana to Cope with Social Anxiety Scale (MCSAS) to examine the incremental validity of using cannabis use to cope in social situations (MCSAS-Cope) and avoidance of social situations if cannabis is unavailable (MCSAS-Avoid) in a community-recruited sample of 123 (34.1% female) current cannabis users. Results After controlling for age of first cannabis use, gender, alcohol and tobacco use, other cannabis use motives, and cannabis expectancies, MCSAS-Cope remained significantly positively related to cannabis use frequency and cannabis-related problems. After controlling for age of first cannabis use, gender, alcohol and tobacco use, and experiential avoidance, MCSAS-Avoid remained significantly related to cannabis problems but not frequency. Discussion and Conclusions The present findings suggest that cannabis use to manage social forms of anxiety may be important to understanding cannabis use behaviors. Scientific Significance The current findings identify cognitive/motivational factors implicated in more frequent cannabis use and in cannabis-related impairment, which may be essential to inform efforts to further refine prevention and treatment efforts. PMID:25196146

  2. Social support, caregiving, and aging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chappell, Neena L; Funk, Laura M

    2011-09-01

    This article reviews the international English-language literature on social support and caregiving in gerontology since the early 1990s. The literature has grown, but consensus on the terms' meaning and measurement is lacking. Interest is ongoing in practical help, in benefits of social support, and in demands and negative outcomes for caregivers, with growing but less emphasis on more theoretical questions, on negative outcomes from the receipt of support, and on positive consequences of providing care. Nevertheless, social support is duly recognized as a social determinant of health and receiving attention at policy levels - both are significant shifts from two decades ago and add to the interest this area will receive from researchers in coming decades. There remain many unanswered questions regarding the changing societal context, but it is clear that the social support of others - throughout our lives including old age - will continue in the future, albeit in ever-changing forms.

  3. Social support in the workplace: nurse leader implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shirey, Maria R

    2004-01-01

    The state of the science as it relates to the stress-mediating role of social support in the health care work environment is explored. The ability to build a nursing leadership workforce is dependent upon a type of social support mechanism that mediates the inherent stress that comes along with managerial positions. Independent of the inevitable work-related stress associated with the nurse manager role, social support provided to current and aspiring nurse leaders is assumed to assist with coping and thriving in the work environment.

  4. Young carers as social actors: coping strategies of children caring for ailing or ageing guardians in Western Kenya.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skovdal, Morten; Ogutu, Vincent O; Aoro, Cellestine; Campbell, Catherine

    2009-08-01

    There is a vast body of research on the impact of HIV/AIDS on children, but little which acknowledges the role of children in providing care and support for ailing parents or ageing guardians. There has been a tendency to downplay the active role and agency of young carers, with young carers often represented as victims of damaging circumstances that compromise their psychosocial well-being. To counter-balance this tendency, and to develop the critical trend that views children as social actors, we explore how young carers cope with challenging circumstances, often with skill and ingenuity, drawing on data collected in Western Kenya in 2007. Forty-eight young carers (aged 11-17) used photography and drawing to provide accounts of their coping strategies. They described 240 of the resulting photographs and drawings in writing. In addition, 34 individual interviews and 2 group discussions were conducted with children to explore the findings further and 10 individual interviews with local adults were conducted to elucidate the dynamics between adults and children. Our data revealed that young carers cope by mobilising social support, engaging in income generating activities and constructing positive social identities around their caring roles. We conclude that children's ability to cope is determined by the extent to which they are able to participate in their community and negotiate support from it.

  5. Study on the relationship between personality,coping style,social support and mental stress in submariners%潜艇官兵人格特征、应对方式及社会支持与心理应激的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈孔斌; 熊波

    2009-01-01

    Objective To study on the relationship between personality,coping style,social support and mental stress in 460 submariners.Methods 460 submariners were evaluated with Psychosocial Stress Survey for Groups (PSSG),Eysenck' s Personality Questionnaire (EPQ),Trait Coping Style Questionnaire (TCSQ),and Perceived Social Support Scale (PSSS).Data obtained were analyzed with SPSS 15.0 and Amos 7.0.Results Following results were obtained in the study.( 1 ) There were significant differences in mental stress among submariners with different rank groups( F = 12.12,P <0.01 ),with that of the officers and senior noncommissioned officer group(51.46 ± 25.19) being the highest,and that of the enlisted group(35.63 ± 16.94) the lowest.(2) Mental stress in submariners was positively correlated with neuroticism (0.77 ),negative coping style(0.63 ) and psychoticism ( 0.33 ),and negatively correlated with masking ( - 0.42 ),social support ( - 0.33),positive coping style ( - 0.32 ) and extraversion( - 0.12).(3) The first 5 variations listed in the multiple correlation regression analysis were neuroticism,negative coping style,social support,masking,positive coping style ( standardized coefficients were 0.592,0.116,- 0.106,- 0.081,- 0.078 respectively).(4)Path analysis showed that neuroticism had both direct and indirect effects on mental stress in submariners,with the direct effect as the main effect (total effects 0.744,direct effects 0.640);Negative coping style and social support had direct effects on mental stress(0.137 and -0.117);Psychoticism,extraversion and positive coping style had indirect effects on mental stress (0.055,- 0.035,- 0.023 ).Conclusions Personality,coping style and social support of submariners had significant influence on their mental stress.%目的 探讨潜艇官兵心理应激与人格特征、应对方式及社会支持的关系.方法 对460名潜艇官兵进行量表测评,包括心理社会应激调查表(PSSG)、艾森克人格问卷(EPQ)、特质应

  6. The Moderating Role of Positive and Negative Affect on the Relationship between Perceived Social Support and Stress in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Çivitci, Asim

    2015-01-01

    During college years, which are known as a stressful time, students may often face stress personally, socially, academically, economically, and so forth in various areas of life. One of the important sources that students use to cope with stress is social support. Students can cope with stress easier via the support they receive from their friends…

  7. 治安民警的职业倦怠及其与社会支持、应对方式及自我效能的关系%Job burnout and its relationship with social support,coping style and general self-efficacy in public security police

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杭荣华; 杨丽; 凤林谱; 杨玉祥; 穆露露

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the job burnout status in public order police officers and its relationship with their availability social supports, coping styles and general self-efficacy capacities. Methods :We conducted a survey on 221 community police with self-programmed general inventory, Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey ( MBI-HSS ), Social Support Rating Scale ( SSRS ), Trait Coping Style Questionnaire ( TCSQ ) and General Self-Efficacy Scale ( GSES ). Results:Prevalence of the professional burnout syndrome varied a lot in sexes, marital state and length of services. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that subjective support served as significant negative forecast of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization, and negative coping strategies were the important positive forecasting of emotional exhaustion, yet had negatively forecasted personal accomplishment. The availability of social support, positive coping styles and general self-efficacy capacity were capable of forecasting personal accomplishment positively,but may forecast depersonalization negatively. Conclusion:The gender,marital state, length of service, availability of social support, coping styles, general self-efficacy capacity are important factors involved in the job burnout prevalence among the public security police, suggesting that this body are in urgent need of counseling and relevant psychological interventions.%目的:调查治安民警的职业倦怠状况,研究其社会支持、应对方式及自我效能与职业倦怠的关系.方法:采用自制的一般情况调查表、Maslach 倦怠量表(MBI-HSS)、社会支持评定量表(SSRS)、特质应对方式问卷(TCSQ)和一般自我效能感量表(GSES)对221名基层派出所治安民警进行问卷调查.结果:①不同的性别、婚姻状况、工作年限民警的职业倦怠水平有显著差异;②主观支持对情绪衰竭、人格解体有显著的负向预测作用;消极应对对情绪衰竭有显著的

  8. The relations of parental expressivity and support to children's coping with daily stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valiente, Carlos; Fabes, Richard A; Eisenberg, Nancy; Spinrad, Tracy L

    2004-03-01

    The relations of parents' emotional expressivity, mothers' support, and children's daily stress to children's constructive coping were examined in a sample of ninety-four 7- to 12-year-old children. For 2 weeks, children, together with their mothers, completed daily diaries of their stressful events. Mothers and fathers reported on their expression of positive, negative submissive, and negative dominant emotion. Although fathers' expressivity was not related to children's constructive coping, mothers' expression of negative emotion, particularly negative dominant emotion, was negatively related to children's constructive coping. Children's stress was negatively related to their constructive coping, and this relation was stronger for children exposed to low levels of parents' positive emotion and mothers' expression of negative submissive emotion. Children's constructive coping was positively related to mothers' supportive strategies.

  9. Socialization of Coping with Community Violence: Influences of Caregiver Coaching, Modeling, and Family Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kliewer, Wendy; Parrish, Katie Adams; Taylor, Kelli W.; Jackson, Kate; Walker, Jean M.; Shivy, Victoria A.

    2006-01-01

    A socialization model of coping with community violence was tested in 101 African American adolescents (55% male, ages 9-13) and their maternal caregivers living in high-violence areas of a mid-sized, southeastern city. Participants completed interviews assessing caregiver coping, family context, and child adjustment. Caregiver-child dyads also…

  10. Peer Attachment, Coping, and Self-Esteem in Institutionalized Adolescents: The Mediating Role of Social Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mota, Catarina Pinheiro; Matos, Paula Mena

    2013-01-01

    This study analyzes the contribution of peer attachment in predicting active coping and self-esteem in a sample of 109 institutionalized adolescents. It also explores the mediating role of social skills in the association between peer attachment, coping, and self-esteem. Structural equation modeling identified a model able to predict a positive…

  11. Peer Attachment, Coping, and Self-Esteem in Institutionalized Adolescents: The Mediating Role of Social Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mota, Catarina Pinheiro; Matos, Paula Mena

    2013-01-01

    This study analyzes the contribution of peer attachment in predicting active coping and self-esteem in a sample of 109 institutionalized adolescents. It also explores the mediating role of social skills in the association between peer attachment, coping, and self-esteem. Structural equation modeling identified a model able to predict a positive…

  12. 住院脑卒中患者主要照顾者心理状态及其与应对方式和社会支持的相关性%Correlation between psychological states, coping styles and social support of primary caregivers of hospi-talized stroke patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨海萍; 李江; 陈晓领; 李海珊; 高群燕

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨住院脑卒中患者主要照顾者心理状态及其与应对方式和社会支持的相关性。方法:采用便利取样选取住院脑卒中患者主要照顾者160名,利用一般资料问卷,激惹、抑郁和焦虑自评量表(IDA)、医学应对方式问卷(MCMQ)、社会支持评定量表(SSRS)调查其心理状态、应对方式和社会支持的情况。结果:住院脑卒中患者主要照顾者心理状态得分从高到低依次为焦虑、抑郁、外向型激怒和内向型激怒;应对方式中选择积极应对的面对、回避,消极应对的屈服,得分分别为(10.32±2.76)(、18.39±3.24)和(15.08±2.96)分;社会支持得分从高到低依次为主观支持、客观支持和支持利用度;相关分析显示,住院脑卒中患者主要照顾者心理状态各维度得分与积极的应对方式即面对和回避得分呈显著负相关,而与消极的应对方式屈服得分呈显著正相关(均P<0.05);住院脑卒中患者主要照顾者心理状态各维度得分与社会支持各维度得分呈显著负相关(均P<0.05)。结论:住院脑卒中患者主要照顾者焦虑、抑郁等心理状态较明显,消极的应对方式可能加重其心理问题,而积极的应对方式和更好的社会支持有利于改善不良心理状态,临床可以采取针对性的干预措施。%Objective: To study the correlation between psychological state, coping styles and social sup-port of primary caregivers of stroke patients.Methods: One hundred and sixty primary caregivers were screened out with the random sampling method for the investigation of their psychological states, coping styles and social support using IDA (irritability depression and anxiety scale), MCMQ (medical coping modes questionnaire) and SSRS (social support rating scale).Results: The IDA scores of primary caregiver of hospitalized stroke patients from high to low were anxiety, depression, inter

  13. Analysis of the relation among postnatal depression, social support and coping style among women in urban nuclear family%城市核心家庭妇女产后抑郁与社会支持及应对方式的关系分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓雪英; 唐四元; 周丹丹

    2014-01-01

    Objective To understand the relation among postnatal depression , social support and coping style among women in urban nuclear family .Methods One hundred and fifty lying-in women in urban nuclear family were surveyed by the social support rating scale ( SSRS ) , simplified coping style questionnaire (SCSQ) and Edinburgh postnatal depression scale ( EPDS), and the data were analyzed by the Pearson correlation and logistic regression .Results One hundred and fifty questionnaires were issued and 132 questionnaires were responsive with an effective response rate of 88.0%.The scores of objective support , subjective support, utilization of social support and total SSRS were respectively (10.00 ±2.99), (26.32 ± 4.72), (8.11 ±1.73), and (44.31 ±7.02).The scores of positive and negative coping style were respectively (26.80 ±4.65), (10.61 ±3.65).The score of EPDS was (8.33 ±1.87), and the incidence rate of postnatal depression was 22.73%.The scores of total SSRS and each dimension , positive coping style were negatively related to the score of EPDS (P<0.01), and the score of negative coping style was positively related to the score of EPDS (P<0.01).Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that subjective support , positive and negative coping style were influence in the postnatal depression (P<0.05).Conclusions The incidence rate of postnatal depression among women in urban nuclear family is at high level , and the social support and coping style are important influence factors of postpartum depression .We should develop the positive coping skills in lying-in women, and establish the perfect social support system so as to reduce the incidence of postnatal depression .%目的:了解中国城市核心家庭妇女产后抑郁现状及其与社会支持、应对方式的相关性。方法对150名城市核心家庭产妇施测社会支持评定量表(SSRS)、简易应对方式问卷(SCSQ)和爱丁堡产后抑郁量表( EPDS),对调查结果进行

  14. Social anxiety and drinking game participation among university students: the moderating role of drinking to cope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulligan, Ellen J; George, Amanda M; Brown, Patricia M

    2016-11-01

    Few studies have examined the relationship of social anxiety with drinking game participation. Drinking games represent a popular form of drinking in university settings. Due to their structure, games may appeal to socially anxious drinkers, particularly among those seeking to fit in or cope with the social setting. To examine the relationship of social anxiety with frequency of drinking game participation among a university undergraduate sample and to investigate if drinking motives moderate this association. A total of 227 undergraduate students aged 18-24 years (73% female) who had consumed alcohol in the prior year were included in the current investigation. Hierarchical regression examined the influences of social anxiety and drinking motives on frequency of drinking game participation, as well the interactions of social anxiety with drinking for coping motives and conformity motives. Social anxiety failed to emerge as a significant predictor of frequency of drinking game participation. However, drinking to cope moderated the relationship of social anxiety with frequency of drinking game participation. Socially anxious students who drank to cope were more likely to participate in drinking games on occasions when they consumed alcohol than those who did not endorse this drinking motive. Results demonstrated the influence of drinking to cope in the relationship of social anxiety with frequency of drinking game participation. Future work should examine the relationship with other indicators of drinking game activity. Intervention efforts addressing social anxiety and drinking should consider motives for drinking, as well as drinking patterns.

  15. Social skills training with early adolescents : Effects on social skills, well-being, self-esteem and coping

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bijstra, JO; Jackson, S

    1998-01-01

    This study discusses the educational effects of a social skills training on adolescents' social skills, self-esteem, well-being and coping. A group of 14- to 16-year-old normal adolescents followed a social skills training based on social learning principles. A pre-tear experiment - post-test design

  16. Social skills training with early adolescents : Effects on social skills, well-being, self-esteem and coping

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bijstra, J.O.; Jackson, A.E.

    1998-01-01

    This study discusses the educational effects of a social skills training on adolescents' social skills, self-esteem, well-being and coping. A group of 14- to 16-year-old normal adolescents followed a social skills training based on social learning principles. A pre-tear experiment - post-test design

  17. 临床实习初期带教教师支持、个人应激、个人应对方式对护生身心健康的影响%Study on the influence of nursing students' perceptions of instructors' support, stress and coping strategies on their physiopsycho-social response in initial period of clinical practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭玉洁; 周兰姝; 张译文; 顾李妍; 冀鹏飞; 林莉; 李娟

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To explore the influence of nursing students' perceptions of clinical instructors' support, stress and coping strategy on their physio-psycho-social response in initial period of clinical practice. Methods: A convenient sample of 370 nursing students in a tertiary class-A hospital in Shanghai in initial period of clinical practice were surveyed with Nursing Students' Perceptions of Instructor Caring (NSPIC), Perceived Stress Scale(PSS), Coping Behavior Inventory (CBI) and Professional Identification Scale(PIS). Results: It showed a significant positive correlation between stress, avoidance and physio-psycho-social response (P<0.01), as well as a significant negative correlation between instructors' support, staying optimistic, problem solving and physio-psycho-social response (P<0.01). Multi-stepwise regression analysis showed instructors' support, stress and coping strategy are the predictors of physio-psycho-social response. Conclusion: The clinical instructors should strengthen the support for the nursing students in initial period of clinical practice, encourage them to develop positive and efficient coping strategies, and increase their problem solving ability, therefore to reduce their physio-psycho-social response, and improve their physio-psycho-social health status.%目的:了解护生在临床实习初期临床带教教师支持、个人应激、个人应对方式对其身心健康的影响.方法:采用《教师支持问卷》《护生临床学习应激量表》《应对行为问卷》《生理-心理-社会反应量表》,对在上海某三级甲等医院实习1~3个月的370名护生进行调查.结果:护生临床实习初期应激水平、回避行为与生理-心理-社会反应呈正相关(P<0.01),教师支持、乐观应对、解决问题与生理-心理-社会反应呈负相关(P<0.01);多元线性逐步同归分析显示,教师支持、个人应激、个人应对方式是生理-心理-社会反应的影响因素.结论:在

  18. Partners in adversity. V: Support, personality and coping behaviour at the time of crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, P M; Surtees, P G

    1995-01-01

    This paper presents further results from a study of married women in Edinburgh who had just suffered an adverse experience: either their husband's non-fatal myocardial infarction, their husband's death or their own arrival in a Women's Aid refuge for battered women. Interviews were carried out 4-6 weeks following the adverse experience and, where possible, again approximately 3 months later. Symptoms were assessed using the 30-item General Health Questionnaire and criterion-based measures of depression and anxiety derived from it. The extent and nature of crisis support from household members and from groups of people outside the household, and also of failures in expected support, was measured at first interview. A modified version of Tyrer and Alexander's (1979) personality schedule was administered at the follow-up interview, and the resulting personality data were then reduced to six factors using principal components analysis. An interviewer assessment of how well the subject was coping was made at both interviews. The vast majority of the sample received extensive practical and emotional support from family and friends, and perhaps because such positive support was so prevalent, variations in it seemed to have little effect on symptoms. However, subjects who were unexpectedly 'let down' or criticised by friends or family tended to show higher symptom levels, although, surprisingly, this was less true for the bereaved wives than for the others. The six personality factors that emerged were labelled nervousness (similar to neuroticism) impulsivity, social withdrawal, helplessness, inferiority and aggressiveness. There was evidence that subjects high on nervousness remained symptomatic longer following the adverse experience. The aggressiveness factor showed a curvilinear trend with high and low aggressives showing higher symptom levels than middle aggressives. However, for the coronary wives the trend was linear with low aggressives having high symptoms

  19. International Students' Perspectives on the Importance of Obtaining Social Support from Host National Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chuah, Julie S. C.; Singh, Manjet Kaur M.

    2016-01-01

    Students pursuing studies in a foreign land experience a disruption or loss of familiar support networks that function as powerful coping mechanisms in times of stress. Loss of social support has been associated with negative consequences such as depression, anxiety and loneliness. Researchers have categorized social support as emotional,…

  20. Correlation of social support and coping style with mental health among undergraduates from military medical universities%军医院校大学生社会支持、应付方式与心理健康的相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芳娥; 张丛华; 王安辉; 刘利兵

    2006-01-01

    求助、内外向和掩饰性具有负相关(r=-0.131~-0.306,P<0.05或P<0.01);与自责、幻想、退避、合理化、情绪稳定性具有正相关(r=0.141-0.450,P<0.05或P<0.01).③以支持总分为分组指标,将被试中得分最高和最低的27%分别作为高支持组和低支持组,两组比较,高支持组心理健康水平优于低支持组;高支持组学生多选择积极的应付方式,低支持组更倾向于选择消极的应付方式;高支持组内外向评分高于低支持组,而情绪稳定性精神质分显著低于低支持组(P<0.05).结论:社会支持、应付方式和艾森克人格问卷之间相互作用、相互制约,共同影响心理健康状况.%BACKGROUND: Undergraduates from military medical universities face many psychological stresses. Poor coping style might affect the status of mental health. Mental health might also be associated with social support and personality.OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation of social support and coping style with mental health among undergraduates from military medical universities.DESIGN: Cluster sampling and questionnaire investigation.SETTING: The Center of Basic Medicine Eexperiment, School of Basic Medicine and School of Preventive Medicine of Fourth Military Medical University of Chinese PLA, and Xi'an Hospital of Sports Trauma.PARTICIPANTS: Totally 352 freshmen of a military medical university were chosen by cluster sampling in October 2004 as the subjects.METHODS: Investigationwas performed on subjects with Symptom checklist-90 (SCL-90), social support rating scale (SSRS), coping style questionnaire (CSQ) and revised Eysenck's personality questionnaires short scale for Chinese (EPQ-RSC).SCL-90 consists of 90 items, including 10 factors. SSRS consists of subjective support, objective support and the utilization of support 3 factors as well as total score of social support. CSQ consists of problem solving, self-reproach, asking for help, keeping out of the way, fancy

  1. Direct and indirect effects of perceived social support on women's infertility-related stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, Mariana V; Peterson, Brennan D; Almeida, Vasco M; Costa, Maria E

    2011-08-01

    Social support can be a critical component of how a woman adjusts to infertility, yet few studies have investigated its impact on infertility-related coping and stress. We examined relationships between social support contexts and infertility stress domains, and tested if they were mediated by infertility-related coping strategies in a sample of infertile women. The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, the Copenhagen Multi-centre Psychosocial Infertility coping scales and the Fertility Problem Inventory were completed by 252 women seeking treatment. Structural equation modeling analysis was used to test the hypothesized multiple mediation model. The final model revealed negative effects from perceived partner support to relationship concern (β = -0.47), sexual concern (β = -0.20) and rejection of childfree lifestyle through meaning-based coping (β = -0.04). Perceived friend support had a negative effect on social concern through active-confronting coping (β = -0.04). Finally, besides a direct negative association with social concern (β = -0.30), perceived family support was indirectly and negatively related with all infertility stress domains (β from -0.04 to -0.13) through a positive effect of active-avoidance coping. The model explained between 12 and 66% of the variance of outcomes. Despite being limited by a convenience sampling and cross-sectional design, results highlight the importance of social support contexts in helping women deal with infertility treatment. Health professionals should explore the quality of social networks and encourage seeking positive support from family and partners. Findings suggest it might prove useful for counselors to use coping skills training interventions, by retraining active-avoidance coping into meaning-based and active-confronting strategies.

  2. Correlation of professional identity, general self-efficacy, social support and coping mode of clinical nurses%临床护士应对方式与职业认同、自我效能、社会支持的相关性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘酉华; 刘旭; 许冬梅; 李菲菲

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨临床护士的职业认同感、自我效能感、社会支持以及其联合作用与应对方式之间的关系,为护理管理提供参考依据。方法采用便利整群取样法抽取某三级甲等医院的临床护士142名,运用护士职业认同评定量表、一般自我效能感量表、社会支持量表以及简易应对方式问卷进行调查。结果社会支持、自我效能与个体的积极应对水平均有相关性,差异有统计学意义( r值分别为0.325,0.394;P<0.01);职业认同水平和一般自我效能感对个体积极应对方式的交互作用有统计学意义(β=-0.180,P<0.05);职业认同水平和社会支持程度对个体消极应对的交互作用有统计学意义(β=0.220,P<0.05)。结论高社会支持、高自我效能感的临床护士在面对挫折和压力时均能表现出更多的积极应对;职业认同水平对个体消极应对方式的影响受到社会支持程度的调节。%Objective To explore the correlation between coping mode and professional identity, self-efficacy, social support in clinical nurses, so as to provide references for nursing supervision. Methods A total of 142 clinical nurses were selected by convenience sampling in a grade three,first class hospital. Professional identity scale of nurses, GSES ( general self-efficacy scale) ,social support and coping mode scale were used to conduct the investigation. Results Social support, self-efficacy had correlation with personal response level (r=0. 325,0. 394;P<0. 01). The interaction was statistically significant between Cognition of occupation and self-efficacy (β= -0. 180,P<0. 05) and Cognition of occupation and social support with individual negative response (β=0. 220,P<0. 05). Conclusions Clinical nurses with high social support, high self-efficacy show more positive response when they face setbacks and pressure. Effect of occupation Cognition on individual passive coping style is adjusted by social support

  3. Social Support | Smokefree.gov

    Science.gov (United States)

    A strong social support system can help you manage your cancer treatment and day-to-day life. Use this action deck to get information on dealing with different parts of a support network and learn how to make the most of the people who play a role in your life and cancer care.

  4. Telecommuting: stress and social support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trent, J T; Smith, A L; Wood, D L

    1994-06-01

    Occupational stress and social support were measured in adults, 15 working as telecommuters, 9 working at home, and 14 working in a company office. Analysis showed telecommuters and office workers perceived more support than those working at home. Telecommuters also reported less stress and a stronger preference for this new work option.

  5. 团体心理辅导对交往焦虑新兵的应对方式、社会支持、自尊的影响%Effect on coping style, social support and self-esteem of group psychological counseling on recruit with interaction anxiousness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伟; 徐维民; 司亚东; 贺宁; 李春波

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨人际交往团体训练对改善高交往焦虑新兵的有效性及可行性.方法 选取交往焦虑得分大于49分的64名武警新兵为研究对象,随机分成实验组和对照组,每组各32人.两组与其他战士一样参与正常的军事训练和心理训练,并共同参加一次以人际交往为主题的心理健康教育课.对实验组进行为期6周的人际交往团体训练,实验前后分别测查交往焦虑量表(IAS)自尊量表(SES)、领悟社会支持量表(PSSS)、简易应对方式问卷(SCSQ),比较实验组和对照组得分,以评估干预的效果.结果 经6周团体咨询后,实验组除应对方式中消极应对无显著差异外,交往焦虑得分、积极的应对方式、领悟社会支持、自尊等明显改善(P < 0.05).结论 团体心理辅导不仅能够有效降低新兵交往焦虑水平,还能提高新兵的自尊、领悟社会支持和积极应对.%Objective To investigate the validity and feasibility of group interpersonal training of improvement of interaction anxiousness of recruits. Methods 64 CAPF recruits with interaction anxiousness score above 49 points were randomly divided into experimental group and control group with 32 cases for each. As other soldiers, recruits in control group and experimental group also participate in normal military training and psychological training. Meanwhile, they participate in a psychological- health- education class themed of interpersonal communication. Experimental group was adopted group interpersonal training for 6 weeks, and the Interaction Anxiousness Scale (IAS), Self-Esteem Scale (SES), Perceived Social Support Scale (PSSS) and Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ) were measured before and after the experiment. And the scores of experimental group and control group were compared to evaluate the intervention effect. Results 6 weeks after group counseling in the experimental group, interaction anxiousness score, positive coping style, perceived

  6. 精神分裂症恢复期患者病耻感对生活质量的影响:社会支持及应对方式的中介效应%The effect of stigma on the quality of life among convalescent schizophrenia patients:the mediating effect of social support and coping style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宇虹; 王丽娜; 周郁秋; 李国华; 袁瑷琳; 孙玉静

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To examine the relationship between stigma and the quality of Life among convalescent schizophrenia patients, and to explore the mediating effect of social support and coping style between stigma and the quality of life. Methods:The perceived Devaluation-Discrimination Scale, Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire, Social Support Rating Scale, and the Schizophrenia Quality of Life Scale were used to investigate the convalescent schizophrenia patients. Results:Structural equation model ift index:χ2/df=1.673, GFI=0.950, AGFI=0.903, RMSEA=0.061. Stigma, social support and coping style among convalescent schizophrenia patients could predict the quality of life directly. Social support and coping style played a mediating role between stigma and the quality of life. Conclusions:Mental professionals should pay more attention to stigma effect on quality of life among convalescent schizophrenia patients in their clinical practice. Based on summarizing the different paths, we should improve the quality of life of the patients. by path-based intervention.%目的:探讨精神分裂症恢复期患者病耻感与生活质量的关系,以及社会支持、应对方式在病耻感与生活质量间的中介效应。方法:采用贬低-歧视感知量表、社会支持量表、简易应对方式问卷及精神分裂症患者生活质量量表,对在门诊复查的183例精神分裂症恢复期患者进行调查。结果:结构方程模型拟合指数χ2/df=1.673,GFI=0.950,AGFI=0.903, RMSEA=0.061;精神分裂症恢复期患者的病耻感、社会支持、积极应对及消极应对均可以直接预测其生活质量,社会支持、积极应对和消极应对在患者的病耻感与生活质量间起着部分中介效应。结论:精神卫生人员在提高精神分裂症恢复期患者生活质量实践工作中,应重视病耻感对患者病情的影响,在总结不同作用路径的基础上,开展以路径为依托的干预,提高患者的生活质量。

  7. EXPLORATORY STUDY: STRESS, COPING AND SUPPORT AMONG PARENTS OF CHILDREN WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meri NOLCHEVA

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction:Each year more families are confronted with unique challenges related to raising a child with ASD. Parenting stress is a significant aspect of fulfilling the role as a parent, and having a child with ASD greatly influences the experienced stress. The literature review indicates that parenting stress is inversely proportional to family support and coping mechanisms. Aim:Appraising the stress level among parents of children with ASD, the coping mechanisms and the level of family support, in comparison with parents of children diagnosed with ID. Method:A group of parents of children with ASD (N=35 and a second group of children with ID (N=35 completed four questionnnaires: PSI-SF, Brief COPE, FSS and demographic questionnaire. The data was analyzed using t-test for comparison, Chi-square test for comparing frequency distributions and Pearson coefficient for correlation, with pcoping mechanisms used by the parents of children with ASD showed that increased usage of distraction (r=0.469 and disengagement (r=0.567 increased the level of parenting stress. Family support (r=-0.415 is a key buffer and coping mechanism for managing the stress in parents of children with ASD. Conclusion:There are no differences in the level of stress, coping mechanisms and the level of support comparing parents of children with ASD and ID.

  8. Higher social distress and lower psycho-social wellbeing: examining the coping capacity and health of people with hearing impairment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogan, Anthony; Phillips, Rebecca L; Brumby, Susan A; Williams, Warwick; Mercer-Grant, Catherine

    2015-01-01

    The objectives of this paper are as follows: (1) propose an explanatory model as to how hearing disability may impact on health and (2) examine the model's utility. Data were collected on the psycho-social wellbeing, disability and physical health of farmers (n = 56) participating in an intervention to manage the social impacts of hearing disability. Two models were proposed and examined using multiple hierarchical linear regression. Model 1 used self-rated quality of life and model 2 used capacity to manage hearing and listening impairments, as dependent variables. The analyses found that physical measures of hearing impairment (audiograms) were not correlated with physical or mental health outcomes. However, in model 1, self-confidence and self-rated ability to manage hearing impairment were most closely associated with reduced quality of life (anxiety and diastolic blood pressure were positively associated with quality of life). In model 2, higher anxiety and reduced self-confidence were associated with decreasing ability to successfully manage one's hearing impairment. The findings support the explanatory model that stress is higher and wellbeing lower when the fit between the person's coping capacity and environmental demands is poor. This paper demonstrates that anxiety is associated with coping with the psycho-social aspects of hearing disability. This finding has important implications for the many hearing services, which only provide assessment and devices. To negate anxiety and its long-term impacts, rehabilitation providers need to ensure people with hearing disability have the capacity to manage the psycho-social aspects of communication breakdown.

  9. Effect of social support as medium in the process of attachment styles and coping styles on criminal teenagers and adolescents with mood disorders%社会支持在犯罪青少年及情绪障碍青少年依恋模式和应对方式间的中介作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周晓琴; 李晓驷; 李泽爱; 穆菁菁; 刘寰忠; 郑诚; 刘丽军

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the medium effect of social support in process of attachment styles and coping styles on criminal juveniles and adolescents with mood disorders.Methods The survey used in the research included Experiences of Close Relationships Inventory (ECR),Social Support Revalued Scale(SSRS) and Coping Style Questionnaire(CSQ) conducted by three groups:177 criminal juveniles,80 adolescents with mood disorders and 163 normal teenagers.Results Firstly,there were significant differences in the avoidant attachment,attachment anxiety,objective support,subjective support,utilization of support,solving problem,rationalization,self-accusation and retreat among three groups (F=7.902,8.047,59.009,19.248,5.304,7.596,10.652,6.699,11.009;P<0.05).Secondly,attachment avoidance had significant negative correlation with both utilization of support and help seeking behaviors in the group of mood disorders (r =-0.470,-0.350; P< 0.01).Similarly,avoidant attachment had significant negative correlation with both subjective support and utilization of support respectively (r=-0.232,-0.235 ; P<0.01) in the group of criminal juveniles.The subjective support had significant positive correlation with solving problem (r=0.272,P<0.01) and as well as the utilization of support with both solving problem and help seeking behaviors (r=0.258,0.424; P< 0.01).Attachment anxiety had significant negative correlation with objective support and had significant positive correlation with self-accusation respectively (r=-0.253,0.300;P<0.01).Finally,utilization of support as a medium completely effect on the process of avoidant attachment and help seeking behaviors in the group of mood disorder and criminal juveniles.Moreover,subjective support and utilization of support as medium both affected a part in the process of avoidant attachment and solving problem for the group of criminal juveniles.Conclusion First,both adolescents with mood disorders and criminal juveniles have unsafe

  10. Social support moderates the effects of stress on sleep in adolescents

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Schalkwijk, Frank J; Blessinga, Agaath N; Willemen, Agnes M; Van Der Werf, Ysbrand D; Schuengel, Carlo

    2015-01-01

    Academic expectations and demands become primary sources of stress during adolescence, negatively affecting sleep. To cope with stress, adolescents may turn to social support figures. The present study tested the extent of main and moderating effects of various sources of social support on the assoc

  11. Internet-Communication Disorder: It's a Matter of Social Aspects, Coping, and Internet-Use Expectancies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wegmann, Elisa; Brand, Matthias

    2016-01-01

    Online communication applications such as Facebook, WhatsApp, and Twitter are some of the most frequently used Internet applications. There is a growing amount of individuals suffering diminished control over their use of online communication applications which leads to diverse negative consequences in offline life. This could be referred to as Internet-communication disorder (ICD). The current study investigates the role of individual characteristics (e.g., psychopathological symptoms, feelings of loneliness) and specific cognitions. In a sample of 485 participants a structural equation model was tested to investigate predictors and mediators which may predict an excessive use. The results emphasize that a higher level of social loneliness and less perceived social support enhance the risk of a pathological use. The effects of psychopathological symptoms (depression and social anxiety) as well as individual characteristics (self-esteem, self-efficacy, and stress vulnerability) on ICD symptoms are mediated by Internet-use expectancies and dysfunctional coping mechanisms. The results illustrate mediation effects which are in line with the theoretical model by Brand et al. (2016). As suggested in the model social aspects seem to be key predictors of ICD symptoms. Further research should investigate convergent and divergent factors of other types of specific Internet-use disorders. PMID:27891107

  12. Internet-Communication Disorder: It's a Matter of Social Aspects, Coping, and Internet-Use Expectancies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wegmann, Elisa; Brand, Matthias

    2016-01-01

    Online communication applications such as Facebook, WhatsApp, and Twitter are some of the most frequently used Internet applications. There is a growing amount of individuals suffering diminished control over their use of online communication applications which leads to diverse negative consequences in offline life. This could be referred to as Internet-communication disorder (ICD). The current study investigates the role of individual characteristics (e.g., psychopathological symptoms, feelings of loneliness) and specific cognitions. In a sample of 485 participants a structural equation model was tested to investigate predictors and mediators which may predict an excessive use. The results emphasize that a higher level of social loneliness and less perceived social support enhance the risk of a pathological use. The effects of psychopathological symptoms (depression and social anxiety) as well as individual characteristics (self-esteem, self-efficacy, and stress vulnerability) on ICD symptoms are mediated by Internet-use expectancies and dysfunctional coping mechanisms. The results illustrate mediation effects which are in line with the theoretical model by Brand et al. (2016). As suggested in the model social aspects seem to be key predictors of ICD symptoms. Further research should investigate convergent and divergent factors of other types of specific Internet-use disorders.

  13. Emotional coping differences among breast cancer patients from an online support group: A longitudinal study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Batenburg, A.E.; Das, H.H.J.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Previous research on the effects of online peer support on psychological well-being of patients with cancer showed mixed findings. There is a need for longitudinal studies explaining if and when online peer-led support groups are beneficial. How patients cope with emotions that come

  14. Use of Student Support Services among University Students: Associations with Problem-Focused Coping, Experience of Personal Difficulty and Psychological Distress

    Science.gov (United States)

    Julal, F. S.

    2013-01-01

    Universities provide a range of problem-focused social support services to help students who are experiencing personal difficulties. The current study examines how the effectiveness of students' ("N" = 131) problem-coping style, experience of personal difficulty and psychological distress are associated with actual use of support…

  15. 个性、社会支持、应对方式对边远贫困山区住院分娩的影响%Effect of personality, social support, and coping styles on hospital delivery in poverty-stricken mountainous areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王琼; 郭光萍; 谢薇; 杨力; 张倩; 杨一清; 董有芹; 杨正玲

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To explore the effects of some psychosocial factors on hospital delivery in poverty - stricken mountainous areas and the interrelation. Methods: One hundred and seventy - three pregnant women who didnt delivery in hospital from 2010 to 2011 were selected from poverty -stricken mountainous areas as study group; 182 pregnant women of the same age and nationality who gave birth to their babies in hospital were selected from the same administrative village were selected as control group; Eysenck personality, perceived social support, and coping styles were evaluated, the difference of psychosocial factors of pregnant women in the two groups and the interrelation were compared. Results: The score of psychoticism in study group was statistically significantly higher than that in control group (P 0. 05) ; introversion and extroversion were significantly correlated with active coping style, there was a significant negative correlation between psychoticism and family support, psychoticism was significantly positively correlated with coping styles, there was a significant positive correlation between dissimulation and family support (P < 0. 05) ; multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that psychoticism, nervousness, and dissimulation had impacts on hospital delivery. Conclusion: Single perceived social support or single coping styles have no impact on hospital delivery, but they combined with personality can affect the choice of hospital delivery.%目的:探讨某些心理社会因素对边远贫困山区住院分娩的影响及其相互关系.方法 选取边远贫困山区2010~2011年未住院分娩孕产妇173例为研究组,按同一行政村、同年、同民族,成组匹配182例住院分娩的孕产妇为对照组,进行艾森克个性、领悟社会支持、应对方式测评,比较两组孕产妇心理社会因素的差异及相互关系.结果:①除研究组孕产妇精神质得分比对照组孕产妇得分高外(P<0.05),其余艾森克

  16. 护士压力、心理健康、社会支持、应对方式与主观幸福感关系的结构方程模型%Structural equation model of pressure, mental health, social support, coping style and subjective well-being of nurses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金卫华; 张玉千; 李勇; 邓惠芳; 高学农

    2015-01-01

    Objective To study the relationship between pressure, mental health, social support, coping style and subjective well-being of nurses. Methods A total of 261 nurses from 6 hospitals in Yichang were selected as re-search objects. General Well-Being Schedule, Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90), Chinese Nurse Job Stressors Ques-tionnaire, Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire, Perceived Social Support Scale (PSSS) were used for survey, and structural equation model (SEM) was constructed according to the survey results. Results Pressures and mental health had negative effect on subjective well-being (with effect coefficient of -0.31 and -0.54), while social sup-port had positive effect on subjective well-being (with effect coefficient of 0.43). Pressure affects subjective well-being negatively through mediation ways of social support and mental health, with the effect coefficient of-0.15 and-0.29. Conclusion Nurses' subjective well-being can be predicted from their pressure, mental health and social support. Pressure and subjective well-being are negatively correlated. A high level of mental health and social support will promote the level of subjective well-being of nurses.%目的 研究护士主观幸福感与压力、心理健康水平、社会支持、应对方式的关系.方法 选取本市6所医院的261名护理人员作为调查对象,使用总体幸福感量表、90项症状自评量表(SCL-90)、中国护士工作压力源量表、应对方式量表、领悟社会支持评定量表(PSSS)以问卷调查的方式调查,根据调查结果建构主观幸福感结构方程模型.结果 压力和心理健康对主观幸福感有负效应(效应系数分别为-0.31和-0.54),社会支持对主观幸福感有正效应(效应系数为0.43).压力通过社会支持和心理健康中介途径对主观幸福感的影响有负效应,效应系数分别为-0.15和-0.29.结论 由护士的压力、心理健康水平、社会支持水平能预测其主观幸福感.压力与主

  17. Burden, coping and needs for support of caregivers for patients with a bipolar disorder: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Voort, T Y G; Goossens, P J J; van der Bijl, J J

    2007-10-01

    This study was aimed to highlight the factors which influence experienced burden, coping and needs for support of caregivers for patients with a bipolar disorder. Research articles meeting content and methodological quality criteria from January 1995 through October 2005 were reviewed. High objective and subjective burden is experienced by these caregivers. Subjective burden is extremely influenced by illness beliefs. High burden is associated more with severity of symptoms (than diagnosis), difficulties in the relationship with patient, lack of support and stigma. Coping is influenced by appraisal and burden. Different phases in the process of caregiving require different coping mechanisms. Little research is available on effectiveness of coping mechanisms and needs for support. Suggestions are nevertheless found in the literature for professional support. Caregivers of patients with a bipolar disorder experience high burden and try to cope in different ways. Little research is available on coping styles and needs for support. However, recommendations can be made to increase support for these caregivers.

  18. 大学生情感虐待与创伤后应激障碍、社会支持及应对方式的关系%THE RELATION AMONG PARENTS' EMOTIONAL ABUSE OF COLLEGE STUDENTS AND THEIR PTSD SYMPTOMS, SOCIAL SUPPORTS AND COPING STYLES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯艳飞; 赵静波; 杨雪岭

    2011-01-01

    [目的]了解被父母情感虐待与大学生创伤后应激障碍(PTSD)、社会支持及应对方式的关系.[方法]随机整群抽取广州某大学大一和大二的学生800名,用创伤后应激障碍自评量表(PTSD-SS)、领悟社会支持量表(PSSS)和简易应对方式问卷(SCSQ)进行调查.回收有效问卷757份,有效率为97.2%.[结果]曾受到父母情感虐待的大学生有47人,阳性率为6.2%.卡方检验结果显示,性别、是否独生子女、父母亲受教育程度等人口学因素与情感虐待均无明显关联(P值均>0.05).有情感虐待经历的大学生比未受情感虐待者的积极应对得分明显偏低,PTSD总分及各因子分、消极应对得分、领悟社会支持总分及各因子分均明显偏高,两组差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05).[结论]有虐待经历的大学生,成年后的VFSD症状明显、领悟社会支持较差、消极应对方式多、积极应对方式较少.%[Objective]To explore the relation among parents' emotional abuse of college students and their PTSD symptoms, social supports and coping styles in adults.[Methods]A cross-sectional survey was carried out among 800 freshmen and sophomores students from a medical university in Guangzhou.The participants were asked to fill post-traumatic stress disorder self-rating scale (PTSD-SS), Perceived Social Support Scale (PSSS) and simplified coping style questionnaire (SCSQ).A total of 757 questionnaires were effective, and the effective rate was 97.2%.[Results]6.2% of college students were emotionally abused by their parents and the number was 47.The prevalence of abuse was not affected by sex, only children, fathers' or mothers' academic qualifications.The college students who were abused got a low score in active responds and a high one in PTSD, negative responds and social support.All the scores between the abusing group and the control group differed significantly.[Conclusion]The college students who are abused get obvious PTSD

  19. Attachment predicts daily catastrophizing and social coping in women with pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kratz, Anna L; Davis, Mary C; Zautra, Alex J

    2012-05-01

    To examine how anxious and avoidant adult attachment styles moderate within-day associations between pain intensity, pain catastrophizing, and social coping. Two-hundred and ten women with osteoarthritis and/or fibromyalgia from the community completed an initial questionnaire assessing attachment dimensions and a 30 day electronic diary. Outcomes were measured with daily ratings of pain intensity, catastrophizing, and social coping. Attachment anxiety showed a context-specific relation with catastrophizing: days of increased pain predicted greater increases in pain catastrophizing for women who were anxious compared to nonanxious women. Attachment avoidance scores were related to higher mean levels of pain intensity and pain catastrophizing, and lower mean levels of social coping, across the diary period. In addition, compared to nonavoidant women, avoidant women showed smaller increases in use of social coping strategies on days of high catastrophizing. Dimensions of adult attachment, anxiety and avoidance, predict different aspects of daily pain and pain coping in women with chronic pain. Findings suggest that a social development perspective can inform our understanding of adjustment to chronic pain and the creation and use of more effective prevention and treatment strategies.

  20. Elite firefighter/first responder mindsets and outcome coping efficacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dowdall-Thomae, Cynthia; Gilkey, John; Larson, Wanda; Arend-Hicks, Rebecca

    2012-01-01

    The present study examined coping strategies used by firefighters, the relationship between appraisals and coping strategies used, and the relationship between transitional coping strategies used and outcome coping efficacy for mental preparedness. Firefighter coping strategies of problem focused coping and seeking social support were found to have positive significant relationships to outcome coping efficacy, after transitioning from one critical incident to a second. The coping strategies of blamed self wishful thinking, and avoidance appear to have a negative significant relationship to outcome coping efficacy. Additionally, the appraisals of challenge and positive reappraisal to meet the challenge appear to have a positive significant relationship to problem focused coping and seeking social support. These findings on outcome coping efficacy may be of help to firefighters for rehabilitative efforts after traumatic incidents when used in the Peer Support Review intervention model.

  1. Social support, stress and the aging brain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherman, Stephanie M; Cheng, Yen-Pi; Fingerman, Karen L; Schnyer, David M

    2016-07-01

    Social support benefits health and well-being in older individuals, however the mechanism remains poorly understood. One proposal, the stress-buffering hypothesis states social support 'buffers' the effects of stress on health. Alternatively, the main effect hypothesis suggests social support independently promotes health. We examined the combined association of social support and stress on the aging brain. Forty healthy older adults completed stress questionnaires, a social network interview and structural MRI to investigate the amygdala-medial prefrontal cortex circuitry, which is implicated in social and emotional processing and negatively affected by stress. Social support was positively correlated with right medial prefrontal cortical thickness while amygdala volume was negatively associated with social support and positively related to stress. We examined whether the association between social support and amygdala volume varied across stress level. Stress and social support uniquely contribute to amygdala volume, which is consistent with the health benefits of social support being independent of stress.

  2. Influence of the social context on use of surgical-lengthening and group-empowering coping strategies among people with dwarfism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández, Saulo; Branscombe, Nyla R; Gómez, Angel; Morales, J Francisco

    2012-08-01

    To assess the role that social contextual factors exert on the way people with disproportionate short stature (dwarfism) cope with the negative consequences of discrimination. Using multigroup structural equation modeling, we compare the coping process of people with dwarfism from Spain (N = 63) and the USA (N = 145), two countries that differ in the role played by organizations offering support to people with dwarfism. In Spain, where organizational support is recent, a coping approach aimed at achieving integration with the majority group through limb-lengthening surgery prevails; in the USA, where the long-standing organization of people with dwarfism encourages pride in being a "little person" and positive intragroup contact, a coping strategy based on empowering the minority group dominates. Both strategies, each in its own context, are effective at protecting psychological well-being from the negative consequences of stigmatization; however, they exert their positive effects through different processes.

  3. Coping style, social support and psychological health status about family members of young and middle-aged patients suffering from amputation%中青年截肢患者家属应对方式、社会支持及心理健康状况调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈树环

    2016-01-01

    目的:调查中青年截肢患者家属应对方式、社会支持及心理健康状况,分析中青年截肢患者家属的心理压力及应对方式对其心理健康的影响。方法选取2012年1月—2015年12月在河北省唐山工人医院住院的中青年截肢患者的家属280名为调查对象,每例患者对应1名家属,采用Lazarus的应对方式问卷、社会支持评定量表( SSRS)、汉密尔顿焦虑量表( HAMA)与汉密尔顿抑郁量表( HAMD)调查患者家属的应对方式、社会支持、焦虑以及抑郁程度。结果青年患者家属中分别有97.25%和96.41%的家属担心患者的工作就业问题以及未来的婚姻,明显高于中年患者家属;而98.83%的中年患者家属担心增加子女抚养压力,明显高于青年患者家属;采用消极态度应对的患者家属HAMA与HAMD评分均高于积极应对患者家属;低社会支持患者家属的HAMA和HAMD评分均高于高支持患者家属,差异均有统计学意义( P<0.05)。结论积极的应对方式与高社会支持能够有效缓解中青年截肢患者家属的心理压力,减少焦虑抑郁等负面情绪。%Objective To investigate coping style, social support and psychological health status about family members of young and middle-aged patients suffering from amputation, and to analyze influence of psychological stress and coping style on psychological health.Methods From January 2012 to December 2015, a total of 280 family members of young and middle-aged patients suffering from amputation were enrolled in this study. All the patients had been treated in Tangshan Workers Hospital. Each patient corresponded to one family member. Lazarus′coping style questionnaire, SSRS (social support rating scale), HAMA (Hamilton anxiety scale) and HAMD ( Hamilton depression scale ) were used to investigate the coping style, social support, anxiety degrees and depression degrees. Results Among family members of young patients, 97. 25

  4. Coping with cancer -- finding the support you need

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... help cover the cost of treatment. Many drug companies have patient assistance programs. These programs provide discounts ... 7/17/15.Accessed June 9, 2014 US Social Security Administration. Compassionate Allowances. ... CA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla ...

  5. A Daily Diary Study of Coping in the Context of the Job Demands-Control-Support Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniels, Kevin; Harris, Claire

    2005-01-01

    We examined one of the processes thought to underpin Karasek and Theorell's job demands-control-support model (1990). This is that control and support accentuate better well-being by fostering problem-focused coping with work demands. We also examined whether other forms of coping implemented through control and support are related to indicators…

  6. [Profile of social problem solving and coping profile in anxious and depressed Chileans].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kramp, Uwe

    2012-11-01

    According to the Pan American Health Organization and the World Health Organization, in 2020, depression will become the second cause of disability worldwide. In Chile, anxiety and depressive disorders account for almost 28% of the total years of healthy life lost due to illness. This research seeks to explore a profile of social problem solving and coping present in people who suffer from anxious and depressive symptoms. The sample consisted of 1179 analogous Chilean participants (55.9% women), with a mean of 22.23 years (range between 18-48 years). The results suggest statistically significant differences for all social problem solving and coping strategies evaluated. Thus, if anxious or depressive symptoms increase, social problem solving or coping strategies become less adaptive.

  7. Strengthening Grief Support for Adolescents Coping with a Peer's Death

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balk, David E.; Zaengle, Donna; Corr, Charles A.

    2011-01-01

    This article offers suggestions for strengthening school-based grief support following an adolescent's death. Such interventions must be considered within the context of: (a) development during adolescence; (b) the role of peers in adolescent development; and (c) the fact that an adolescent peer's death is a non-normative life crisis in developed…

  8. Coping with parental cancer: web-based peer support in children

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Giesbers; I.M. Verdonck-de Leeuw; F.J. van Zuuren; N. Kleverlaan; M.H.M van der Linden

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the use and content of web-based peer support in children coping with parental cancer. Methods: In children aged above 12 years, 158 forum discussions on the Dutch website www.kankerspoken.nl in a time-period of 3 months were investigated. Age, gender, number of discussions

  9. Pargament's Theory of Religious Coping: Implications for Spiritually Sensitive Social Work Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Jianbin

    2016-07-01

    This article proposes that Pargament's theory of religious coping can be a theoretical beacon to spiritually sensitive social work practice. It begins with a discussion of the raison d'être of spiritually sensitive social work, which is examined as being able to cast a holistic and positive glow on social work. Then it provides an overview and a critique of Pargament's theory, emphasising that the theory offers a fuller and more impartial picture of religious coping. In addition, it explores the implications of Pargament's theory for spiritually sensitive social work practice with religious clients in terms of engagement, assessment and intervention. This article concludes by discussing how social work practitioners can avoid the pitfalls and limitations of Pargament's theory.

  10. Special aspects of social support: Qualitative analysis of oncologic rehabilitation through a belly dancing peer support group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szalai, M; Szirmai, A; Füge, K; Makai, A; Erdélyi, G; Prémusz, V; Bódis, J

    2017-02-13

    Tumour-related peer support groups (PSGs) show long-term development in quality of life and coping, and decrease distress in cancer care. To clarify channels of social support in oncologic rehabilitation by combined exercise and psychosocial therapy, individual semi-structured interviews were conducted after 1 year additional belly dance rehabilitation in a closed PSG among 51 patients with malignant tumour diagnosis in Budapest, Hungary. Interview data were transcribed and analysed using qualitative content analysis (ATLAS.ti 6 Win). Results suggest that group experience provides emotional-, practical- and informational support. We could point out specific social effects of "role model" function and extend the coping model. The group dispose all the features of effective suggestion and may be effectively applied as additional therapy for patients with malignancies. The extended coping model and the introduction of "role model" function could be useful for PSGs' efficacy assessment. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  11. Online Social Support for Patients with Multiple Sclerosis: A Thematic Analysis of Messages Posted to a Virtual Support Community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masoumeh Abbasi Shavazi

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Currently with the emergence of the Internet, patients have an opportunity to exchange social support online. However, little attention has been devoted to different dimensions of online social support exchanged in virtual support communities for patients with multiple sclerosis (MS. Methods: To provide a rich insight, the aim of this qualitative study was to explore and categorize different dimensions of online social support in messages exchanged in a virtual support community for patients with MS. A total of 548 posted messages created during one year period were selected using purposive sampling to consider the maximum variation sampling. Prior-research-driven thematic analysis was then conducted. In this regard, we used the Cutruna and Suhr’s coding system. The messages that could not be categorized with the used coding system were thematically analyzed to explore new additional social support themes. Results: The results showed that various forms of social support including informational, emotional, network, esteem and tangible support were exchanged. Moreover, new additional social support themes including sharing personal experiences, sharing coping strategies and spiritual support emerged in this virtual support community. Conclusion: The wide range of online social support exchanged in the virtual support community can be regarded as a supplementary source of social support for patients with MS. Future researches can examine online social support more comprehensively considering additional social support themes emerging in the present study.

  12. The related correlation of mental characteristics,coping style,social support and mental health between schizophrenia primary affection and convalescent schizophrenia%首发恢复期精神分裂症患者人格特征、应对方式及社会支持与心理健康的相关研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘竹华; 李秀英; 王媛; 郭爱宁

    2014-01-01

    合康复计划时,必须基于整合医学视角,积极关注其个性特征、心理健康状况、应对方式、社会支持等方面.%Objective By exploring difference of mental characteristics,coping style,social support and health between schizophrenia primary affection and convalescent schizzy,it's expected that the related rationale will be developed for further formulating treatment for schizophrenia primary affection and convalescent schizophrenia.Methods By taking advantage of symptom checklist,questionnaire of NEO-FFI,Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire,social support scale,we compared 150 schizophrenia primary affection who were under the clinic of new antipsychotics and in convalescent period (schizzy group)with 169 normal persons (normal group)on the mental characteristics,coping style,social support and mental health of individual and correlation.Results The following factors of scl-90 showed statistical significance between patient group and normal group:somatization (1.83±0.14) vs.(1.27-±0.48),interpersonal sensitivity(1.96±0.21) vs.(1.65±0.51),depression(1.89±0.24) vs.(1.50±0.59),anxiety(1.69±0.15) vs.(1.39±0.43),photic anxiety (1.56±0.13) vs.(1.23±0.41),psychoticism factors (1.56± 0.14) vs.(1.23±0.41) (all P<0.01).The personality traits differences between patient group and normal group were as follows:neuroticism (3.13± 0.15) vs.(2.61 ± 0.36),extraversion (2.96± 0.31) vs.(3.19± 0.23),agreeableness (3.20± 0.25) vs.(3.48±0.35) and conscientiousness (3.19±0.65) vs.(3.42± 0.16),and all these factors showed statistical significance with P<0.01.The differences of subjective support factors between patients group and normal groups were as follows:subjective support (23.51 ±3.62) vs.(26.29±3.91),objective support (7.35±2.07) vs.(8.91 ± ±2.89),support use (7.61± 1.23) vs.(8.97± 1.35) and total score of supports (37.63± 6.52) vs.(43.51 ± 6.32) and the scores of patients group were poorer than those of normal group(P<0

  13. Mechanisms linking social ties and support to physical and mental health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thoits, Peggy A

    2011-06-01

    Over the past 30 years investigators have called repeatedly for research on the mechanisms through which social relationships and social support improve physical and psychological well-being, both directly and as stress buffers. I describe seven possible mechanisms: social influence/social comparison, social control, role-based purpose and meaning (mattering), self-esteem, sense of control, belonging and companionship, and perceived support availability. Stress-buffering processes also involve these mechanisms. I argue that there are two broad types of support, emotional sustenance and active coping assistance, and two broad categories of supporters, significant others and experientially similar others, who specialize in supplying different types of support to distressed individuals. Emotionally sustaining behaviors and instrumental aid from significant others and empathy, active coping assistance, and role modeling from similar others should be most efficacious in alleviating the physical and emotional impacts of stressors.

  14. Predicting South Korean University Students' Happiness through Social Support and Efficacy Beliefs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Diane Sookyoung; Padilla, Amado M.

    2016-01-01

    This study investigated the adversity and coping experiences of 198 South Korean university students and takes a cultural lens in understanding how social and individual factors shape their happiness. Hierarchical linear regression analyses suggest that Korean students' perceptions of social support significantly predicted their happiness,…

  15. Predicting South Korean University Students' Happiness through Social Support and Efficacy Beliefs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Diane Sookyoung; Padilla, Amado M.

    2016-01-01

    This study investigated the adversity and coping experiences of 198 South Korean university students and takes a cultural lens in understanding how social and individual factors shape their happiness. Hierarchical linear regression analyses suggest that Korean students' perceptions of social support significantly predicted their happiness,…

  16. Social Physique Anxiety in Adolescence: An Exploration of Influences, Coping Strategies, and Health Behaviors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabiston, C. M.; Sedgwick, W. A.; Crocker, P. R. E.; Kowalski, K. C.; Mack, D. E.

    2007-01-01

    This study explored adolescent females' experiences of social physique anxiety (SPA) and related coping strategies. A final sample of 31 adolescent females ages 13 to 18 years discussed dealing with SPA during individual semistructured interviews. Resultant themes pertaining to the transactional experiences of SPA were coded using content…

  17. Effect of coping with stress training on the social adjustment of students with learning disability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saifolah Khodadadi

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Learning disability includes wide range of educational problems which treating these problems need child's social, emotional and behavior treatment. As prevalence of learning disabilities among children and their difficulties, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of coping with stress training on social adjustment of students with learning disabilities. The statistical population consists of all boy student with learning disabilities in learning disabilities center, in which 34 students were selected by convenience sampling. The social adjustment questionnaire was used. The experimental group had coping strategies training in 9 sessions for 90 minutes every week. Covariance analysis was used to compare the scores. The results showed that there was significant difference in pretest and posttest of experimental group. The findings also indicated that coping strategies training increased social adjustment, affective and educational adjustments of experimental group in comparison of control group. Appropriate strategies can be used for dealing with stress in students with learning disabilities. Coping training can be used as supplemental program in schools and centers of learning disabilities to improve the adjustment problems of these students.

  18. Study on relationship of the connection of iad college student with psychological, body health, social support and coping style%大学生网络成瘾与心身症状、社会支持及应付方式关系的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐晓霞; 于立群

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To investigate the connection of internet addiction disorder (IAD) on psychological and body health, social support and coping style among college students. METHODS The self-made investigation questionnaire was used for online college students, Internet Addiction Disorder test, SCL-90 self-assessment questionnaire, PASS and Coping Style questionnaire were used for investigating students from 3 college by using stratified and cluster sampling methods. RESULTS The I-AD rate of college students was 6.89%. The IAD rate of male (8.71%) was significantly higher than that of female (5.99%). The scores of IAD students regarding Somatization, Obsessive-Compulsive, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, photic anxiety. Paranoid ideation and psychotics were significantly higher than the non-IAD students. The social support scores in the IAD students (61.20±10.90) were significantly higher than that of non-IAD students (62.95±11.10). The scores of SCL-90 and Settle-question, Self-accusation, Fantacyin, Retreat and rationalization of IAD students were significantly higher than the non-IAD students. However, the Coping Style scores of the IAD students were significantly lower than those of non-IAD students. CONCLUSION The prevalence rate of IAD wAS higher in college students. IAD had effect on personality characteristic and psychological health of college students. Therefore, it was very important that prevention and control of IAD should be enhanced.%目的 探讨大学生网络成瘾与心身症状、社会支持及应付方式的关系.方法 采用多级分层整群抽样方法,采用《网络使用状况调查表》和《网络成瘾诊断量表》、《SCL-90症状自评量表》、《领悟社会支持量表》、《应付方式问卷》等心理量表,对唐山市3所大学在校大学生进行调查.结果 唐山市大学生网络成瘾率为6.89%,男生网络成瘾率(8.71%)明显高于女生(5.99%).网络成瘾者SCL-90测试躯

  19. Correlation Research between Social Coping Styles of Hemodialysis Patients and their Health%血液透析患者社会应对方式与健康状况的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张兰珍; 叶白如; 张静

    2016-01-01

    Objective To discuss the effect of social support and coping styles of maintenance hemodialysis patients on their health status and provide basis for health intervention for maintenance hemodialysis patients.Methods 189 maintenance hemodialysis patients were selected with cluster sampling method. Social support scale, coping style scale and health scale were applied in the investigation.Results 42 out of 185 cases were positive. The positive detection rate was 22.70%. The health score of nine dimensions were higher than the norm in China. There were statistical differences between groups regarding somatization, force, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, terror, paranoia and psychoticism dimension (P<0.05). Health status score was negatively correlated with social support in all dimensions (P < 0.05). Health status score was negatively correlated with positive coping styles and positively correlated with negative coping styles (P < 0.05). Multiple regression showed that the influencing factors of health status scores included age, marital status, income level, payment method, social support and coping styles.Conclusion As the health status of maintenance hemodialysis patients is lower than general population, social support for these patients should be increased to improve their coping capacity and health status.

  20. 护航舰队官兵自我效能、社会支持及应对方式与心理健康的关系%Relationship between Self-efficiency,Social Support,Coping Style and Mental Health of Escort Ships Officers and Soldiers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周锡芳; 薛蓓蕾; 王杨; 马修堂; 石海虹; 武常芬

    2016-01-01

    ,social support ,coping style and mental health of escort ships officers and soldiers .Methods:General Self -Efficacy Scale(GSES) ,Perceived Social Support Scale(PSSS) ,Coping Style Questionnaire(CSQ)and Symptom Checklist 90(SCL -90)were adopted for psychological assessment of 467 escort ships officers and soldiers .Results:① The factors of SCL -90 of escort ships officers and soldiers were lower significantly than those of the norm of Chinese servicemen (t =‐48 .719 ,‐45 .763 ,‐43 .781 ,‐48 0.83 ,‐53 5.62 ,‐35 1.00 ,‐64 5.15 ,‐58 3.64 ,‐49 0.38 ,P0 0.5) .③Self -ef‐ficacy ,social support total score ,and support utilization degree had negative predictive effect on mental health(t=‐2 8.47 ,‐2 2.62 ,‐2 0.60 ;P0 0.5) .Conclusion:Escort ships officers and soldiers self -efficacy ,social support and coping style are closely related with mental health ;self -confidence improved training should be strengthened ;provi‐ding good social support ,taking positive and effective copying ways in order to maintain a healthy body and mind .

  1. Sources of social support related to single-parent functioning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norbeck, J S; Sheiner, M

    1982-03-01

    Factors related to successful functioning of single parents have not been identified. In this study, relationships among sources of social support and criterion measures of functioning were examined. To isolate the role of social support, a population was selected that was relatively homogeneous on variables considered important in coping with single parenthood: economic status, educational or vocational opportunities, access to day-care, and length of time as a single parent. A check list and structured interview were administered to 30 unmarried women to determine their sources of social support. Ratings of parenting adequacy and of the preschool child's emotional development and behavior by three professional staff members at the day-care centers were used as criterion measures of functioning. Based on the staff ratings, the adequately functioning group was distinquished from the inadequate one. Significant correlations were found between these staff ratings and one social support variable: support from talking with network the members. Key sources of social support were identified through discriminant analyses.

  2. Predicting Social Support for Grieving Persons: A Theory of Planned Behavior Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bath, Debra M.

    2009-01-01

    Research has consistently reported that social support from family, friends, and colleagues is an important factor in the bereaved person's ability to cope after the loss of a loved one. This study used a Theory of Planned Behavior framework to identify those factors that predict a person's intention to interact with, and support, a grieving…

  3. Predicting Social Support for Grieving Persons: A Theory of Planned Behavior Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bath, Debra M.

    2009-01-01

    Research has consistently reported that social support from family, friends, and colleagues is an important factor in the bereaved person's ability to cope after the loss of a loved one. This study used a Theory of Planned Behavior framework to identify those factors that predict a person's intention to interact with, and support, a grieving…

  4. Social support during childhood cancer treatment enhances quality of life at survival

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmina Castellano-Tejedor

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL in cancer has been related to several protective and risk factors such as perceived social support (PSS and coping. However, their effects on HRQoL once patients are in survivorship have not been fully described in pediatric samples. Objective: To describe and explore the relationship between HRQoL in survivorship and some factors (PSS, coping present while active treatment. Methods: Cross-sectional study. Forty-one pediatric cancer survivors answered HRQoL measures referred to survivorship, as well as PSS and coping measures referred to treatment period. Results: The discriminant function obtained succeeds to correctly classify 78% of the sample. Survivors who showed high HRQoL were those who, in the hardest moment while hospitalization, perceived satisfactory emotional support (from nurses and did not deploy a wide range of active coping resources to cope with stressful events (only social action coping strategy showed a significant relationship with HRQoL. Conclusions and implications: Considering these outcomes, educational and counseling interventions to strengthen patients' social networks and supportive relationships are recommended, specially, among health providers (nurses. These results highlight the importance of not overlooking opportunities to address the emotional needs of patients while hospitalization, since a positive and endurable effect has been observed at survivorship.

  5. Perceived Social Support, Social Interaction and Nutrition among the Elderly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansbach, William; Heller, Kenneth

    Despite evidence that levels of social support can affect health, there has been little work isolating the factors which actually mediate the relationship between social support and health. In an attempt to analyze the role of nutrition as a mediating factor of health and social support among the elderly, female older adults (N=43) responded to an…

  6. Social Anxiety and Social Support in Romantic Relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Eliora; Chambless, Dianne L

    2017-05-01

    Little is known about the quality of socially anxious individuals' romantic relationships. In the present study, we examine associations between social anxiety and social support in such relationships. In Study 1, we collected self-report data on social anxiety symptoms and received, provided, and perceived social support from 343 undergraduates and their romantic partners. One year later couples were contacted to determine whether they were still in this relationship. Results indicated that men's social anxiety at Time 1 predicted higher rates of breakup at Time 2. Men's and women's perceived support, as well as men's provided support, were also significantly predictive of breakup. Social anxiety did not interact with any of the support variables to predict breakup. In Study 2, a subset of undergraduate couples with a partner high (n=27) or low (n=27) in social anxiety completed two 10-minute, lab-based, video-recorded social support tasks. Both partners rated their received or provided social support following the interaction, and trained observers also coded for support behaviors. Results showed that socially anxious individuals received less support from their partners during the interaction according to participant but not observer report. High and lower social anxiety couples did not differ in terms of the target's provision of support. Taken together, results suggest that social anxiety is associated with difficulties even in the context of established romantic relationships. Clinical implications are discussed. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  7. Strategies Developed by Children to Cope with Punishment: a Dialogue Between Psychology and Social Networks Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ximena Palacios-Espinosa

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this exploratory descriptive research was to identifythe strategies developed by children between 7 and 12 years old fromsouthwest Bogotá to cope with punishment and to adapt themselves to theirsociocultural and home environments. Anthropological methods have beenused in this research because even though Psychology allows for a generalconceptualization of this issue, Anthropology provides different tools forthe understanding of the cultural and social elements in which the childlives. This research is composed by two different parts, in the first one childrenstrategies to cope punishment are identified through semi-structuredinterviews. In the second part, through life histories, the social and culturalsystem of four children is described. Thus, results and discussion are separatedaccording to this two moments, in order to try to present a dialoguebetween psychology and socials networks theory.

  8. After Abuse: Child Coping Patterns and Social Work Intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timberlake, Elizabeth M.

    The hypothesis that abused children develop a life style of overt expression of aggression and depression was examined in a study of 56 physically abused first grade children who were placed in foster care due to parental physical abuse. As no test instrument existed, the Childhood Social Functioning Inventory was developed, pretested, and used to…

  9. Coping with downsizing: stress, self-esteem and social intimacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, S; Kuhrik, M; Kuhrik, N; Katz, B

    1996-03-01

    As health care system continue to downsize, nurses will experience organizational changes, change in positions or sudden terminations. Acute care surgical nurses were surveyed to determine their perceptions of work-related stress, self-esteem and social intimacy during downsizing.

  10. Multi-Substance Use among Treatment-seeking Smokers: Synergistic Effects of Coping Motives for Cannabis and Alcohol Use and Social Anxiety/Depressive Symptoms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, Dawn W.; Buckner, Julia D.; Schmidt, Norman B.; Zvolensky, Michael J.

    2015-01-01

    Objective This study examined the impact of coping motives for cannabis and alcohol use on the relation between social anxiety/depressive symptoms and severity of substance use for alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis among treatment-seeking smokers who also use cannabis and alcohol. Methods The sample included 197 daily cigarette smokers (MAge 34.81 yrs, SD = 13.43) who reported using cannabis and alcohol. Results Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were conducted wherein separate models were constructed for each dependent variable. Among individuals with higher social anxiety, alcohol coping motives were associated with heavier drinking, and this was more pronounced among those low in depressive symptoms. Similarly, those at greater risk for nicotine dependence were anxious individuals with lower depressive symptoms who endorse coping-oriented motives for using cannabis. Further, among those with higher social anxiety, cannabis coping motives were associated with marginally greater drinking, particularly for those high in depressive symptoms. Conclusions The present findings support the perspective that among multi-substance users, the interplay between social anxiety, depressive symptoms, and coping-oriented motives for using one substance (e.g., cannabis or alcohol) may pose difficulties in refraining from other substances (e.g., tobacco). This observation highlights the importance of tailoring multi-substance treatments to specific needs of multi-users for whom single-substance interventions may be less effective. Findings also support previous work exploring the benefits of concurrently treating co-occurring substance use and lend credence to the perspective that motivation to use substances for coping reasons is of central theoretical and clinical relevance. PMID:26846421

  11. Multisubstance Use Among Treatment-Seeking Smokers: Synergistic Effects of Coping Motives for Cannabis and Alcohol Use and Social Anxiety/Depressive Symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, Dawn W; Buckner, Julia D; Schmidt, Norman B; Zvolensky, Michael J

    2016-01-28

    This study examined the impact of coping motives for cannabis and alcohol use on the relation between social anxiety/depressive symptoms and severity of substance use for alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis among treatment-seeking smokers who also use cannabis and alcohol. The sample included 197 daily cigarette smokers (MAge 34.81 years, SD = 13.43) who reported using cannabis and alcohol. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were conducted wherein separate models were constructed for each dependent variable. Among individuals with higher social anxiety, alcohol coping motives were associated with heavier drinking, and this was more pronounced among those low in depressive symptoms. Similarly, those at greater risk for nicotine dependence were anxious individuals with lower depressive symptoms who endorse coping-oriented motives for using cannabis. Further, among those with higher social anxiety, cannabis coping motives were associated with marginally greater drinking, particularly for those high in depressive symptoms. The present findings support the perspective that among multisubstance users, the interplay between social anxiety, depressive symptoms, and coping-oriented motives for using one substance (e.g., cannabis or alcohol) may pose difficulties in refraining from other substances (e.g., tobacco). This observation highlights the importance of tailoring multisubstance treatments to specific needs of multiusers for whom single-substance interventions may be less effective. Findings also support previous work exploring the benefits of concurrently treating co-occurring substance use and lend credence to the perspective that motivation to use substances for coping reasons is of central theoretical and clinical relevance.

  12. Social stressors, coping behaviors, and depressive symptoms: A latent profile analysis of adolescents in military families.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okafor, Ebony; Lucier-Greer, Mallory; Mancini, Jay A

    2016-08-01

    We investigated the relationship between context-specific social stressors, coping behaviors, and depressive symptoms among adolescents in active duty military families across seven installations (three of which were in Europe) (N = 1036) using a person-centered approach and a stress process theoretical framework. Results of the exploratory latent profile analysis revealed four distinct coping profiles: Disengaged Copers, Troubled Copers, Humor-intensive Copers, and Active Copers. Multinomial logistic regressions found no relationship between military-related stressors (parental separation, frequent relocations, and parental rank) and profile membership. Analysis of variance results revealed significant and meaningful differences between the coping profiles and depressive symptomology, specifically somatic symptoms, depressive affect, positive affect, and interpersonal problems. Post-hoc analyses revealed that Active Copers, the largest profile, reported the fewest depressive symptoms. Accordingly, frequent use of diverse, active coping behaviors was associated with enhanced resilience. Discussion is provided regarding the promotion of adaptive coping behaviors within this developmental period and the context of military family life.

  13. Social relationships and social support among post-war youth in Northern Uganda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Nutte, Leen; Okello, James; Derluyn, Ilse

    2017-08-01

    Although social relationships and social support are salient factors for post-war adolescents' psychosocial coping and adjustment, there is only limited information regarding war-affected adolescents' views on social support and the relationships within which social support is provided. This study therefore explored both elements among a clinical sample of 20 adolescents living in post-war Northern Uganda. Following Braun and Clarke's thematic analysis, we found a prominent role of the biological mother and other primary biological family members in the upbringing of our participants. Spiritual and material support were perceived to be the most important type of support, respectively, while the adolescents were growing up and in their current lives. These findings provide support for the perception that caregiving systems are adaptable to particular sociocultural contexts. Further, the importance of particular functions of social support could signify a potentially selective buffering effect of these functions in adverse contexts. Because of the importance of the primary biological family and the salient role of parent-child relationships in the face of adversity, future research needs to focus on this particular kind of social relationship in contexts of prolonged collective violence. © 2015 International Union of Psychological Science.

  14. Understanding Students' Adaptation to Graduate School: An Integration of Social Support Theory and Social Learning Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsay, Crystal Han-Huei

    2012-01-01

    The contemporary business world demands adaptive individuals (Friedman & Wyman, 2005). Adaptation is essential for any life transition. It often involves developing coping mechanisms, strategies, and seeking of social support. Adaptation occurs in many settings from moving to a new culture, taking a new job, starting or finishing an…

  15. Icelandic women's identifications of stressors and social support during the diagnostic phase of breast cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fridfinnsdottir, E B

    1997-03-01

    The purpose of this descriptive exploratory study was to describe the nature of stressors Icelandic women identify during the diagnostic phase of breast cancer, what sources of social support they draw upon, and their satisfaction with the social support they receive. Lazarus and Folkman's theory of stress, appraisal and coping was used as a theoretical framework for the study. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 women in the diagnostic phase of breast cancer. Women experience the possibility of having cancer as an enormous threat. Social support was identified as a fundamental coping resource, where emotional support from husbands, family and close friends was of utmost importance. Health care professionals were not only the most important source of informational support but also a valuable source of emotional support.

  16. Under Stress: Social Coping Mechanisms for Survival among the Working Professionals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ms. Coral Barboza

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The nature of work of professionals and their family life may very often expose them to high level of stress which has the potential of affecting their productive and earning capacity. Coping strategies have been the subject of many studies and various suggestions have been made regarding the most appropriate way to categorise them in terms of function and efficacy (Amble, 2006; Buys et al., 2010. The goal of the current study was to examine how social coping mechanisms are helpful to employees in reducing stress and the stressful situations for their behavioural and emotional well-being. In achieving this goal, the researcher collected the data from the field through a structured questionnaire consisting of three phases- the demographic details, the stressors at workplace, social coping mechanisms adopted by them. Findings from the study show the existence of high level of stress among the working professionals. The sources of stress among the working professionals range from their nature of their work to work-family imbalance. In terms of coping strategies of stress, it was revealed that the respondents indulge in setting their goals, relaxing, exercising, diet, using sedatives and various others strategies suiting their needs. The need for appropriate mechanisms to be put in place by the managements of these organisations to address the stress needs of employees is essential to help reduce their stress levels

  17. Development and Initial Validation of a Spiritual Support Subscale for the MOS Social Support Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine, Ellen G; Vong, Stephen; Yoo, Grace J

    2015-12-01

    While spirituality and religious practices are important in coping with illness or other crises, there are few ways of assessing support that people receive from members of their spiritual communities. The goal of this study was to validate a new spiritual support subscale for the Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Scale (MOS-SSS). Questions for the subscale were formed based on responses of 135 breast cancer survivors who were interviewed about their cancer experience. Exploratory factor analysis resulted in four specific factors for the MOS-SSS: emotional/informational, tangible, affectionate, and spiritual support. The new spiritual support subscale has adequate reliability and validity and may be useful in assessing an area of support that is not always addressed.

  18. Psychobiology of social support: the social dimension of stress buffering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ditzen, Beate; Heinrichs, Markus

    2014-01-01

    Social integration and social support have a substantial influence on individual health and longevity, an effect assumed to be mediated through reduced stress reactivity in support recipients. However, considerable variability in individual responses to social support has been documented, suggesting that the beneficial effect of social support interacts with early experiences, genetically influenced differences in biological systems mediating social behavior, personality traits, and psychopathology. Here we outline the historical background of social support research, including epidemiological studies, laboratory studies, and field studies on the subject of social support and health, with regard to different psychobiological effector systems. Most recent research has focused on brain mechanisms which link social integration or social support with reduced neural threat responses. As numerous mental disorders are associated with considerable social impairment, understanding the potentially underlying mechanisms of neural plasticity in relation to social support, stress buffering and health in these disorders can help tailor new diagnostic and treatment strategies. Thus, theories of socially-driven emotional learning and memory, as presented in this review, might eventually lead to psychobiology-based treatment concepts for mental disorders involving social deficits.

  19. Role of Social Detachment in Coping With Death Anxiety: A Case of Elderly Hindu Pilgrims.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maheshwari, Saurabh; Mukherjee, Tuheena

    2017-01-01

    The present research examines the strength of terror management theory in an indigenous Indian context of religious fair called Magh Mela. It explores how elderly Hindu people deal with death anxiety through practicing Kalpvas in Magh Mela. The research explores the role of social detachment and self-esteem in coping with terror of death. Study 1, a field experiment on 150 Kalpvasis (practitioners of Kalpvas) confirms the significant role of social detachment as an adaptive strategy for coping with death terror. The role of self-esteem did not emerge in the study. Study 2, another field experiment on 62 Kalpvasis confirms results of study 1. Significant role of years of Kalpvas on fear of death shows importance of the religious practices in managing terror related to death. The relation of terror management theory and death anxiety thus follows a different explanation for more indigenous contexts.

  20. Coping with the neonatal intensive care unit experience: parents' strategies and views of staff support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Vincent C; Steelfisher, Gillian K; Salhi, Carmel; Shen, Lisa Y

    2012-01-01

    It is stressful for parents to have an infant in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). To better understand the parents' experience and the role of staff, we examined parental reports of their NICU experiences, coping strategies, and views of the ways NICU staff supported them. Between June and July 2007, we interviewed 29 current and graduate parents from the study institution's NICU. A trained researcher conducted all interviews, which were recorded and transcribed. This was a qualitative analysis of prospectively collected interview data. Parents used the following coping strategies: (1) participating in care of the child; (2) getting away from the NICU; (3) gathering information; (4) involvement of friends and family; and (5) engagement with other NICU parents. Staff can support the parents' coping strategies in the following ways: (1) facilitating participation of the parents with the infant's care; (2) emphasizing documentation of the infant's progress; (3) demonstrating affection for the infant; (4) addressing concerns that make parents hesitant to leave the NICU; (5) providing accurate, consistent clinical information; (6) limiting unscheduled nonemergency phone calls; and (7) arranging voluntarily activities or programs in which parents whose infants have similar medical conditions may interact.

  1. SOCIAL SUPPORT AND STRESS - THE ROLE OF SOCIAL-COMPARISON AND SOCIAL-EXCHANGE PROCESSES

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    BUUNK, BP; HOORENS, [No Value

    1992-01-01

    This paper first presents four different conceptualizations of social support: social integration, satisfying relationships, perceived helpfulness and enacted support. Then, classic and contemporary social comparison theory and social exchange theory are analysed as they are two theoretical perspect

  2. SOCIAL SUPPORT AND STRESS - THE ROLE OF SOCIAL-COMPARISON AND SOCIAL-EXCHANGE PROCESSES

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    BUUNK, BP; HOORENS, [No Value

    1992-01-01

    This paper first presents four different conceptualizations of social support: social integration, satisfying relationships, perceived helpfulness and enacted support. Then, classic and contemporary social comparison theory and social exchange theory are analysed as they are two theoretical

  3. Correlation of Posttraumatic Growth With Social Support and Coping Style in Parents of Children With Autism%孤独症患儿父母创伤后成长与社会支持和应对方式的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽雅; 赵岳

    2015-01-01

    Objective To study the correlation of posttraumatic growth ( PTG) with social support and coping style in parents of children with autism.Methods We enrolled 92 fathers or mothers of children with autism who received rehabilitation treatment in Yitong Psychological Behavior Research Center in Tianjin from September 2013 to March 2014.Survey was undertaken on the subjects using PTGI , SSRS and SCSQ.Pearson correlation analysis was conducted to make correlation analysis.Results The total score of PTGI was (61.52 ±17.09) .The total scores of the subjects were ranked in a descending order, and the subjects were divided into high score group (>74) and low score group ( 0.05 ) .Conclusion The posttraumatic growth ( PTG ) of parents of children with autism is at a medium level.Relevant social support should be strengthened , and active coping style in guidance should be taken , in order to improve the level of posttraumatic growth and promote the recovery of physical and psychological health.%目的:探讨孤独症患儿父母创伤后成长与社会支持和应对方式的相关性。方法采用方便抽样方法,选取2013年9月—2014年3月在天津市宜童心理行为研究中心进行康复治疗的孤独症患儿的父亲或母亲92例。采用创伤后成长量表(PTGI)、社会支持评定量表(SSRS)和简易应对方式问卷(SCSQ)对其进行调查。相关性分析采用Pearson相关分析。结果孤独症患儿父母PTGI总分为(61.52±17.09)分;将PTGI总分按由高到低排序,根据27%的划界原则分为高分组(>74分)和低分组(<52分),则高分组社会支持总分及主观支持、客观支持和积极应对得分均高于低分组,差异有统计学意义( P<0.05); PTGI总分与社会支持总分及主观支持、客观支持、支持利用度和积极应对得分均呈正相关( r值分别为0.646、0.275、0.237、0.228、0.530, P<0.05),而与消极应

  4. Coping Strategies and Perceived Social Support of Primiparous Adolescent Mothers

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    early as the mid-nineteenth century when Florence Nightingale referred to environmental factors that affected the patients’ healing process and health...8217 interaction with the environment was first demonstrated by Florence Nightingale when she described the environment as "those elements external to, and which

  5. Social relations: network, support and relational strain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Due, P; Holstein, B; Lund, Rikke

    1999-01-01

    ,011. The postal questionnaires were answered by a random sample in each of the age groups. The results show marked age and gender differences in both the structure and the function of social relations. The social network, measured as weekly contacts, weakens with age and so does instrumental support. Emotional......We introduce a conceptual framework with social relations as the main concept and the structure and the function of social relations as subconcepts. The structure of social relations covers aspects of formal relations and social network. The function of social relations covers social support......, social anchorage and relational strain. We use this conceptual framework to describe social relations in the Danish population, with questionnaire data from the Danish Longitudinal Health Behaviour Study including a random sample of each of the age groups 25-, 50-, 60-and 70-year olds, N = 2...

  6. Social Support and Self-Reported Stress Levels in a Predominantly African American Sample of Women with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edith Marie Williams

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Lupus patients should avoid stress because physical or emotional stress can affect overall physical health. It has been suggested that social support has a positive influence on health status, but there is a lack of information in the literature on the association between the two among lupus patients. The current study investigated the association between social support and self-reported stress and coping status among African American women with lupus using data collected from two linked cross-sectional surveys. No social support differences in groups of high and low stress/coping were revealed; a duplicate study with a larger sample size is required.

  7. Adolescent mothers' breastfeeding social support needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grassley, Jane S

    2010-01-01

    To define aspects of social support that adolescents need from nurses when initiating breastfeeding in the early postpartum. MEDLINE and CINAHL databases for years 2000 to 2009. Three searches were done using the following subject terms: adolescent mothers and breastfeeding (12 studies), adolescent mothers and breastfeeding and support (24 studies), and breastfeeding and adolescent mothers and attitudes (15 studies). The 18 studies that were chosen for this synthesized review illuminated the dimensions of social support identified by House. The four types of supportive behavior categories identified by House were described in these studies (informational, instrumental, emotional, and appraisal). Esteem support as defined by Sarafino seemed to be synonymous with appraisal support. Many studies identified the importance of network support as a fifth category of supportive behavior in increased breastfeeding duration among adolescents; network support was included in this synthesis. These five types of social support provide a framework for defining supportive nurse behaviors. Nurses in the early postpartum can promote the long-term health of adolescents and their children through the social support they offer adolescent mothers as they initiate breastfeeding. Network support appears to be essential to adolescents' breastfeeding experiences and needs to be included with informational, instrumental, emotional, and esteem/appraisal support when investigating support for this population. By integrating the five dimensions of social support into their care, nurses play an essential role in providing adolescents with the positive experiences that are so important to establishing breastfeeding. © 2010 AWHONN, the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses.

  8. Uncovering human social networks in coping with Lake Chilwa recessions in Malawi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagoli, Joseph; Chiwona-Karltun, Linley

    2017-05-01

    This paper provides an in-depth understanding of social dynamics in the form of kinship ties in matrilineal societies. It unpacks gender roles and relationships at the community level to understand how social structures, created by the pattern of relations, enhance or hinder coping initiatives during lake recessions in the Lake Chilwa socio-ecological system. Using qualitative and quantitative methods including in-depth interviews, Focus Group Discussions (FGD) and household questionnaires, this paper provides insights into how people in the Lake Chilwa social-ecological system prepare for and cope with Lake Chilwa water recessions by capitalising on their social networks. The findings have shown that during lake recessions poor households in the Lake Chilwa socio-ecological system are cushioned by fellow households through lineage networks. There is strong tradition secured through kinship ties where the generic term 'mwambo wathu' (our tradition) embraces a group of formative norms enforced via a series of rules and rituals. Based in a matrilineal system, women have strong rights over land allocation and use in which the female sorority group 'mbumba' is very stable. There is a great deal of reciprocity and food redistribution among the households. This self-organization provides deeper meaning about how people assimilate the dynamics affecting their social and natural environments. Specifically the findings provide evidence on how households, communities and their livelihoods in Africa are reconstructed as natural resources fluctuate. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Social Psychological Support of Students with Disabilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aismontas B.B.,

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available In this article we study the main goals, objectives, functions and mechanisms of social psychological support of students with disabilities and special needs in higher education. We describe the experience in providing such support at the Department of Distance Learning of the Moscow State University of Psychology and Education. We show that social psychological support of students with disabilities is a specially organized process involving the creation of an optimally accessible and nurturing environment which contributes to the development of general cultural, professional competencies as well as to healthy personality development in individuals. Macro social, psychological and pedagogical features of the environment play a key role in social psychological support. Psychological and educational support of students with disabilities involves several types of assistance, each with its own tasks and features, however only the optimal combination of these forms embodies social psychological support as a whole.

  10. Individual Differences in the Psychobiological Response to Psychosocial Stress (Trier Social Stress Test): The Relevance of Trait Anxiety and Coping Styles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villada, Carolina; Hidalgo, Vanesa; Almela, Mercedes; Salvador, Alicia

    2016-04-01

    The main objective of this study was to investigate the contribution of some personality traits to the physiological and psychological response to a standardized laboratory psychosocial stressor (trier social stress test). Cortisol and affective response (anxiety and mood) were analysed in a mixed-sex group composed of 35 young adults who participated in a crossover design (18 men and 17 women). After verifying a statistically significant response to the trier social stress test in all parameters studied in both sex groups, exploratory cluster analyses were carried out to identify sub-groups based on their psychophysiological responses. These analyses showed two different groups: subjects displaying lower psychological response along with higher cortisol response (cluster 1) compared with the group with high affective reactivity along with lower cortisol response (cluster 2). Interestingly, we also found significant differences in trait anxiety and coping styles when the two clusters were compared. Subjects in cluster 1 showed lower scores on trait anxiety and higher scores on active coping, whereas the subjects in the second cluster obtained higher scores on anxiety and on coping focused on emotions and mental disengagement. These findings support the importance of personality traits and coping styles in understanding the overall integrative psychobiological responsiveness to social stress.

  11. Social Support and Social Networks in COPD: A Scoping Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, Christopher; Effing, Tanya W; Cafarella, Paul

    2015-01-01

    A scoping review was conducted to determine the size and nature of the evidence describing associations between social support and networks on health, management and clinical outcomes amongst patients with COPD. Searches of PubMed, PsychInfo and CINAHL were undertaken for the period 1966-December 2013. A descriptive synthesis of the main findings was undertaken to demonstrate where there is current evidence for associations between social support, networks and health outcomes, and where further research is needed. The search yielded 318 papers of which 287 were excluded after applying selection criteria. Two areas emerged in which there was consistent evidence of benefit of social support; namely mental health and self-efficacy. There was inconsistent evidence for a relationship between perceived social support and quality of life, physical functioning and self-rated health. Hospital readmission was not associated with level of perceived social support. Only a small number of studies (3 articles) have reported on the social network of individuals with COPD. There remains a need to identify the factors that promote and enable social support. In particular, there is a need to further understand the characteristics of social networks within the broader social structural conditions in which COPD patients live and manage their illness.

  12. Integrating Decision Support and Social Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Antunes

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We elaborate on the shifting of decision support systems towards social networking, which is based on the concepts of Web 2.0 and Semantic Web technology. As the characteristics of the relevant components are different from traditional decision support systems, we present necessary adaptations when adopting social networks for decision support within an organization. We also present organizational obstacles when adopting/using such systems and clues to overcome them.

  13. Social support for schoolchildren at risk of social exclusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivanauskiene V.

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Social exclusion is a wider concept than poverty and includes not only material conditions but also inability to participate in economic, social, political and cultural life. The essence of social exclusion is social relationships (more exactly breaking off relationships, which may mean not only pushing away some members of the society, but also breaking off relationships with the society from the side of a person himself/herself. The reasons of origin of social exclusion may be legal, political, economical, social and cultural. Nowadays social exclusion is predetermined by social-economic factors. According to Poviliūnas (2001, the problems of children’s social exclusion may be solved ensuring proper education, care of public health, safety and minimal life standard. Growing aggression and violence of schoolchildren and their social exclusion are nowadays an important issue of political debate and media reports. Often schoolchildren face the risk of social exclusion at school during the period of adolescence. The risk also depends on the social status of their family in the society and the relationship of the family members. The aim of the article is to identify characteristic features of schoolchildren at risk of social exclusion and analyze social support provided for them. A quantitative research was carried out to achieve the aim. The method of data collection is a questionnaire. 105 teachers working in 3 secondary schools in Lithuania participated in the research. The research results revealed that most often schoolchildren face the risk of social exclusion at school during adolescence period. They are characterized as incommunicative, unsociable, passive, and shy, do not trust others, are vulnerable, have learning problems and avoid collaborative activities. These schoolchildren usually come from families of social risk or single parent families. The support provided at school by teachers to schoolchildren at risk of social exclusion

  14. Relationships between different marital satisfaction of women with childbearing age and sexual life's satisfaction, personality characteristics, coping style and social support%不同婚姻满意度育龄妇女性生活满意度个性特征、应对方式、社会支持比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王厚亮; 曾秀珍; 温盛霖; 钟智勇

    2010-01-01

    目的 探讨育龄妇女的不同婚姻满意度与性生活满意度、个性特征、应对方式、社会支持之间的关系.方法 采用分层整群抽样方法,使用Olson婚姻满意度问卷、Olson性生活满意度问卷、成人艾森克个性问卷、简易应对方式问卷、社会支持评定量表等工具,随机调查已婚育龄妇女,共计351例完整资料.按婚姻满意度平均分分2组,即婚姻满意度较高组(A组,n=170)、较低组(B组,n=181).对2组有关指标分析.结果 (1)A组在性生活满意度、L标准分、社会支持总分、客观支持分、主观支持分、对支持的利用度6个方面的评分高于B组;而在P标准分、N标准分2个方面的评分上,A组低于B组.2组在以上8个方面的评分差异在统计学上有显著性(P<0.05).(2)整个样本以婚姻满意度为因变量,性生活满意度、个性等为自变量逐步回归分析示:性生活满意度(标准化回归系数0.487)、客观支持分(标准化回归系数0.158)进入回归方程(回归系数显著性水平0.000,复相关系数R为0.290).结论 不同婚姻满意度的育龄妇女在性生活满意度、个性特征及社会支持方面有显著差异,婚姻满意度较高的育龄妇女性生活满意度较高、较低的精神质、神经质特征及较高的社会成熟度、较多的社会支持.%Objective To explore the relationships between different marital satisfaction of women with childbearing age and sexual life satisfaction, personality characteristics, coping style and social support. Method-s Three hundred and fifty-one complete cases were randomly obtained by means of ENRICH's marital satisfaction and sexual life satisfaction,EPQ,and etc,and further divided into high marital satisfaction(group A, n=170) and low marital satisfaction(group B, n=181) according to the mean score of the whole sample's macital satisfaction.Then comparisons were carried out between the two groups. Results (1)The means of sexual life

  15. Social support for patients with allergic diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latalski, Maciej; Makara-Studzińska, Marta; Gajewska, Marzena; Rudnicka-Drozak, Ewa

    2002-01-01

    In recent years special attention has been paid to the issue of social support. So far there has been no special, applied, definition that would explicitly describe what social support is indeed. It results from the fact that the issue of social support has been of interest for numerous disciplines of science that have own fields of research and practical application. These are, among others, psychology, sociology, pedagogy, medicine. The objective of the study is an attempt to analyze the level of social support by people with allergic diseases. The research instrument was a self-structured inquiry sheet consisting of 25 questions and socio-demographic details. The strongest support for the patients was offered by the closest family (84%), followed by friends (51%), further members of the family (28.8%), acquaintances (26%) and institutions (14.4%).

  16. Correlationship Study between the Caregiver Abuse and Coping Style, Social Support in Elders with Dementia%老年痴呆患者家庭照顾者虐待倾向与应对方式及社会支持的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王敏; 孙慧敏; 阮娟

    2016-01-01

    目的 探讨老年痴呆患者家庭照顾者的虐待倾向与社会支持及应对方式的相关性.方法 采取便利抽样法选取2014年9月至2015年6月湖北省痴呆与认知障碍医学临床研究中心就医的老年痴呆患者家庭照顾者158名为研究对象,采用自行设计的一般情况问卷、简易应对方式问卷(simplified coping style questionnaire,SCSQ)、社会支持评定量表(social sup-port rating scale,SSRS)、照顾者虐待老年人评估量表(the caregiver abuse screen,CASE)对其进行调查.结果 老年痴呆患者家庭照顾者CASE与积极应对、SSRS总分、客观支持、主观支持、支持利用度呈负相关,与消极应对呈正相关(P<0.05或P<0.01);Logistic回归分析显示,积极应对、主观支持是照顾者虐待倾向的保护因素(OR值分别为0.668、0.791),消肖极应对为照顾者虐待倾向的危险因素(OR值为2.064).结论 积极的应对方式和良好的主观支持能够降低老年痴呆患者家庭照顾者的虐待倾向.

  17. Social Psychological Perspectives on Trump Supporters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas F. Pettigrew

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available No one factor describes Trump’s supporters. But an array of factors – many of them reflecting five major social psychological phenomena can help to account for this extraordinary political event: authoritarianism, social dominance orientation, prejudice, relative deprivation, and intergroup contact. Research on the topic demonstrates that these theories and concepts of social psychology prove centrally important in helping to understand this unexpected event. This paper describes the supporting data for this statement and demonstrates the close parallels between these American results and those of research on far-right European supporters.

  18. Stressors, Stress and Coping in Dual-Demand Environments: The Case of Working 'Back to Schoolers'

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kariv, Dafna; Heiman, Tali

    2005-01-01

    ...) coping strategies are related to an array of perceived stresses; and (3) perceived academic stress has a significant influence on coping strategies even after academic load, workload, social support and demographics are taken into account...

  19. Trying to cope with everyday life—Emotional support in municipal elderly care setting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margaretha Norell Pejner

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Emotional support is considered to be important to older patients because it is a contributing factor to experiencing good health and it has been shown that it can prevent depression after a hip fracture. Opinions differ on whether emotional support falls within the field of nursing, and studies also show that nurses in an elderly home care setting fail when it comes to giving emotional support. The aim of this study was to explore reasons for registered nurses to give emotional support to older patients in a municipal home care setting. The study was conducted using Grounded Theory. Data collection was carried out through interviews with 16 registered nurses. The inclusion criteria were emotional support given to patients aged 80 years and above living in ordinary or sheltered housing and who were in need of help from both the home help service and registered nurses. The results show that the main concern of emotional support was “Trying to relieve the patient from their emotions so they are able to cope with everyday life.” This core category illustrates how registered nurses tried to support the patients’ own strength, so that they were able to move forward. Registered nurses consider that they could support the patients because they give them access to, or could create access to, their emotions, but there were also times when they felt helplessness and as a result, consciously opted out. The results also indicate that registered nurses were keen to give emotional support. To develop patient-centered elderly care, more knowledge of emotional support and the elderly's need for this support is required.

  20. Internet-communication disorder: It’s a matter of social aspects, coping, and Internet-use expectancies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Wegmann

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Online communication applications such as Facebook, WhatsApp, and Twitter are some of the most frequently used Internet applications. There is a growing amount of individuals suffering diminished control over their use of online communication applications which leads to diverse negative consequences in offline life. This could be referred to as Internet-communication disorder. The current study investigates the role of individual characteristics (e.g., psychopathological symptoms, feelings of loneliness and specific cognitions assessing the contribution of an Internet-communication disorder (ICD. In a sample of 485 participants a structural equation model was tested to investigate predictors and mediators which may predict an excessive use. The results emphasize that a higher level of social loneliness and less perceived social support enhance the risk of a pathological use. The effects of psychopathological symptoms (depression and social anxiety as well as individual characteristics (self-esteem, self-efficacy, and stress vulnerability on ICD symptoms are mediated by Internet-use expectancies and dysfunctional coping mechanisms. The results illustrate mediation effects which are in line with the theoretical model by Brand et al. (2016. As suggested in the model social aspects seem to be key predictors of ICD symptoms. Further research should investigate convergent and divergent factors of other types of specific Internet-use disorders.

  1. Social Support and Emocional Stability in Adolescence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zuzana Mičková

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The issue of anticipation social support is actual topic because of detection important factors for positive development of personality. Emotional bonds are getting stronger with perception of social support. Subjective feeling of positive emotions and relationships is manifest with higher range of social and mental functioning, emotional - willing stability of personality. Emotional basement of personality is emotional stability, which represent relationship with the anticipated social support. The lack of social support make a negative influence on personality development and personality traits. Positive emotional relationsthips with parents are important for healthy growth of personality (Filadelfiová, 2001; Arrive, 2004; Vágnerová, 2000; Langmeier & Křejčířová, 2006; Grun, 2011; Kraus & Poláčková, 2001; Matulník, 2002; Matějček & Dytrych, 2002. The meaning of social support and partner's love is confirmed with research. The meaning of social support in adolescence is replaced from parents to life partner. Strong emotional relationship motivates, integrates and regulates (Vágnerová, 2000. Absence of positive and permanent emotional relationship hold the positive soul steadiness. The signs of soul unsteadiness are destruction of self-esteem and self-image which manifest unstable emotionality. Subjective survival of emotional and social disharmony influence mental problems - neurotic disorders, problems with adaptation, emotional and social problems (Kondáš, 2002. The goal of research was find out relationship of social support regarding with emotional-willing stability and adolescence relationships in their family. We were interested in level of social support and level of emotional- willing stability and perception of quality family relationships regarding with gender and actual partnership. The research sample contained with N= 120 respondents (men = 33, women = 87 in age 19 - 24 years old, M = 23, 97. The next criterium of

  2. The Interrelationship of Social Anxiety with Anxiety, Depression, Locus of Control, Ways of Coping and Ego Strength amongst University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shepherd, Robin-Marie; Edelman, Robert J.

    2009-01-01

    This is the first study to investigate the interrelationship of social anxiety with the variables anxiety, depression, locus of control, ego strength and ways of coping in a sample of university students. There were high scores of social anxiety which were related to high scores on measures of anxiety and depression, low ego strength, external…

  3. [Coping resources of nurses' occupational stress].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Yuan-mei

    2008-09-01

    To study the effects of coping resources on nurses' strain. Coping resources (recreation, self-care, social support, and rational coping) and strain (vocational strain, psychological strain, interpersonal strain, and physical strain) were measured on 387 nurses with personal resources questionnaire (PRQ) and personal strain questionnaire (PSQ). The higher the nurses' coping resources were, the lower their strain was (Psocial support was closest related with nurses' strain. In the items of social support, those related to feeling support had more remission on strain. In the items of rational coping, those related to keeping good mind had more remission on strain, while doing more than one job at one time could raise nurses' strain (Psupport, keeping good mind, sufficient sleeping and rest, are the important measures for the remission of nurses' strain.

  4. Social Comparison in Coping With Occupational Uncertainty: Self-Improvement, Self-Enhancement, and the Regional Context.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavlova, Maria K; Lechner, Clemens M; Silbereisen, Rainer K

    2017-04-05

    Taking into account the regional context, we investigated whether social comparison in coping with occupational uncertainty served self-improvement (i.e., adaptive coping) or self-enhancement (i.e., subjective well-being). Respondents were 620 German adults aged 16 to 43, 59% female, who participated in three yearly follow-ups of a larger survey. The number of observations was 1,309 for contemporaneous and 1,079 for longitudinal analyses. Participants reported on perceived occupational uncertainty (e.g., risk of losing a job and difficulties with career planning), strategies for coping with it, and whether, and in which direction, they made social comparisons in coping with occupational uncertainty. Making social comparisons (vs. not) was associated with higher goal engagement and lower goal disengagement. Upward (as opposed to downward) comparison prospectively predicted higher goal engagement. Under high regional unemployment, upward comparison prospectively predicted lower goal disengagement, whereas making social comparisons was contemporaneously associated with higher subjective well-being. Higher regional unemployment rates predicted more frequent comparison, whereas comparison direction was predicted only by situational variables, especially personal control over the outcomes. When operationalized as a conscious mental action and put in the context of coping with occupational uncertainty, social comparison serves primarily self-improvement. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  5. Spousal Support and Changes in Distress Over Time in Couples Coping With Cancer : The Role of Personal Control

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dagan, Meirav; Sanderman, Robbert; Schokker, Marike C.; Wiggers, Theo; Baas, Peter C.; van Haastert, Michiel; Hagedoorn, Mariet

    2011-01-01

    This longitudinal study has examined the associations between perceived supportive and unsupportive spousal behavior and changes in distress in couples coping with cancer. We tested whether people relatively low in their sense of personal control were more responsive to spousal supportive and unsupp

  6. Social Support, Treatment Adherence and Outcome among ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-06-02

    Jun 2, 2017 ... Keywords: Social support system, Type 2 diabetes, Hypertension, Treatment adherence and outcome, Out-patients .... tion A clarified socio-demographic characteristics and average ...... health clinics in Malaysia. Patient ...

  7. Boundary Spanners as supports of social capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vincenti, Gordon

    2016-01-01

    Boundary Spanners are important agenets of supporting the capacity building of local neighbourhoods and of sustainable social captial the article focuses on the skills and competnces adn role of Boundary Spanners....

  8. Parents of children with Asperger syndrome or with learning disabilities: family environment and social support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heiman, Tali; Berger, Ornit

    2008-01-01

    The study examined the family environment and perceived social support of 33 parents with a child diagnosed with Asperger syndrome and 43 parents with a child with learning disability, which were compared to 45 parents of children without disabilities as a control group. Parents completed the Family Environment Scale and Social Support Scale questionnaires. The comparison revealed significant differences for expressiveness and family system organization and for social support. Parents with an Asperger child perceived their family's expressive feelings as lower and the family organization as higher, and perceived their friendships and other support as lower than the other groups of parent. Parents of the control group reported the highest family support. The study highlighted the need for additional social support for parents with a child with special needs, and accentuated the importance of developing awareness and intervention programs to facilitate parents' coping abilities and their family interactions.

  9. Understanding the Relationship Between PTSD and Social Support: The Role of Negative Network Orientation

    OpenAIRE

    Clapp, Joshua D.; Beck, J. Gayle

    2008-01-01

    Network orientation is conceptualized as an individual’s attitudes and expectations regarding the usefulness of support networks in coping with stress. The present research examined the potential for network orientation to explicate the well documented association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and attenuated social support. Data collected from survivors of serious motor vehicle trauma (N = 458) were used to test the hypothesis that severity of PTSD would hold a significant indi...

  10. Elements of Social Learning Supporting Transformative Change

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sound, ontologically congruent methodology to support their social-learning ..... role in strengthening democratisation of the decision-making of the participants. ... powers of the contextual social structures and cultural systems (Lindley, 2014). ... participatory practice in integrated water resource management in South Africa.

  11. Concomitants of Social Support: Social Skills, Physical Attractiveness and Gender.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-08-31

    social experience. jurna 9L Raragnan _E Social F .. 1982, 4 979-996. Russell, D.W., Peplau, L.A., & Cutrona, C.E. The revised UCLA Loneliness Scale ...constructed rating manual and two questionnaires, the UCLA Loneliness Questionnaire p 13 (Russell, Peplau & Cutrona, 1980) and a specially constructed...groups differed significantly in their scores on the UCLA Loneliness Questionnaire [7(1,161)-46.00, p<.OO1. Those low in social support reported much

  12. Neurosurgery in Parkinson’s disease:Social adjustment, quality of life and coping strategies*

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Meyer Mylne; Spitz Elisabeth; Schwan Raymund; Montel Sbastien; Colnat-Coulbois Sophie; Lerond Jrme; Potheegadoo Jevita; Vidailhet Pierre; Gospodaru Nicolaie; Vespignani Herv; Barroche Grard

    2013-01-01

    Subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation has become a standard neurosurgical therapy for ad-vanced Parkinson’s disease. Subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation can dramatical y improve the motor symptoms of careful y selected patients with this disease. Surprisingly, some specific dimensions of quality of life,“psychological”aspects and social adjustment do not always improve, and they could sometimes be even worse. Patients and their families should ful y understand that subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation can alter the motor status and time is needed to readapt to their new postoperative state and lifestyles. This paper reviews the literatures regarding effects of bilateral subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation on social adjustment, quality of life and coping strategies in patients with Parkinson’s disease. The findings may help to understand the psychoso-cial maladjustment and poor improvement in quality of life in some Parkinson’s disease patients.

  13. Coping with Fear of and Exposure to Terrorism among Expatriates

    Science.gov (United States)

    O’Hare, Marianne M.

    2017-01-01

    This paper examines existing research on the impact of terrorism on expatriate coping strategies. We consider pre-assignment fear of terrorism, in-country coping strategies, and anxiety and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) associated with repatriation. The extant research is small but growing. Our model for expatriate coping at the pre-departure, in-country, and repatriation stages includes strategies specific to each stage. Preparation using proactive coping, systematic desensitization, problem and emotion focused coping, social support, and virtual reality explorations are recommended. Selecting expatriate candidates who are well-adjusted, emotionally intelligent, and possessing good coping skills is essential for successful assignments in terror-prone regions. PMID:28753940

  14. Are support groups beneficial for fibromyalgia patients? The negative effects of social comparison for those who want it most

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Groothof, Hinke A.K.; Scholtes, Ria

    2008-01-01

    Peer support plays an important role in coping with many chronic health problems. Peer support may, however, contain a risk. Research has indicated that people with high social comparison orientation (SCO) are, on the one hand, more interested in contact with peers, but may, on the other hand, be ne

  15. Workplace stress, burnout and coping: a qualitative study of the experiences of Australian disability support workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Judd, Megan J; Dorozenko, Kate P; Breen, Lauren J

    2017-05-01

    Disability support workers (DSWs) are the backbone of contemporary disability support services and the interface through which disability philosophies and policies are translated into practical action. DSWs often experience workplace stress and burnout, resulting in a high turnover rate of employees within the non-professional disability service workforce. The full implementation of the National Disability Insurance Scheme in Australia is set to intensify the current challenges of attracting and retaining DSWs, as the role becomes characterised by greater demands, ambiguity and conflict. The aim of this study was to explore DSWs' perceptions of enjoyable and challenging aspects of disability support work, sources of stress and burnout and the strategies they use to cope when these issues arise. Twelve DSWs workers providing support for adults living with intellectual and physical disabilities were interviewed. Thematic analysis revealed a superordinate theme of 'Balance' comprising three sub-themes: 'Balancing Negatives and Positives', 'Periods of Imbalance', and 'Strategies to Reclaim Balance'. Participants spoke of the rewarding and uplifting times in their job such as watching a client learn new skills and being shown appreciation. These moments were contrasted by emotionally and physically draining aspects of their work, including challenging client behaviour, earning a low income, and having limited power to make decisions. Participants described periods of imbalance, wherein the negatives of their job outweighed the positives, resulting in stress and sometimes burnout. Participants often had to actively seek support and tended to rely on their own strategies to manage stress. Findings suggest that organisational support together with workplace interventions that support DSWs to perceive the positive aspects of their work, such as acceptance and mindfulness-based approaches, may help to limit experiences of stress and burnout. The further development and

  16. The Relationship between Social Anxiety and Social Support in Adolescents: A Test of Competing Causal Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calsyn, Robert J.; Winter, Joel P.; Burger, Gary K.

    2005-01-01

    This study compared the strength of competing causal models in explaining the relationship between perceived support, enacted support, and social anxiety in adolescents. The social causation hypothesis postulates that social support causes social anxiety, whereas the social selection hypothesis postulates that social anxiety causes social support.…

  17. Social support in people, that live with HIV in Lima

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    This research studies the social support in a group of adult persons with HIV: 14 women and 41 men between 18 and 58 years of age, from medium- low social economic status that appeal to state health centers, non government entities and mutual support groups of Lima. The resultsof perceived social support, effective social support, social support satisfaction and social support need ha ve been correlated with variables age, sex, diagnostic time, presence of symptoms associated lo H!V, particip...

  18. Spousal similarity in coping and depressive symptoms over 10 years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holahan, Charles J; Moos, Rudolf H; Moerkbak, Marie L; Cronkite, Ruth C; Holahan, Carole K; Kenney, Brent A

    2007-12-01

    Following a baseline sample of 184 married couples over 10 years, the present study develops a broadened conceptualization of linkages in spouses' functioning by examining similarity in coping as well as in depressive symptoms. Consistent with hypotheses, results demonstrated (a) similarity in depressive symptoms within couples across 10 years, (b) similarity in coping within couples over 10 years, and (c) the role of coping similarity in strengthening depressive similarity between spouses. Spousal similarity in coping was evident for a composite measure of percent approach coping as well as for component measures of approach and avoidance coping. The role of coping similarity in strengthening depressive symptom similarity was observed for percent approach coping and for avoidance coping. These findings support social contextual models of psychological adjustment that emphasize the importance of dynamic interdependencies between individuals in close relationships.

  19. Burden, coping and needs for support of caregivers for patients with a bipolar disorder : a systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Voort, T. Y. G.; Goossens, P. J. J.; van der Bijl, J. J.

    2007-01-01

    This study was aimed to highlight the factors which influence experienced burden, coping and needs for support of caregivers for patients with a bipolar disorder. Research articles meeting content and methodological quality criteria from January 1995 through October 2005 were reviewed. High objectiv

  20. Burden, coping and needs for support of caregivers for patients with a bipolar disorder : a systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Voort, T. Y. G.; Goossens, P. J. J.; van der Bijl, J. J.

    2007-01-01

    This study was aimed to highlight the factors which influence experienced burden, coping and needs for support of caregivers for patients with a bipolar disorder. Research articles meeting content and methodological quality criteria from January 1995 through October 2005 were reviewed. High objectiv

  1. Ageism, resilience, coping, family support, and quality of life among older people living with HIV/AIDS in Nanning, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Yongfang; Lin, Xinqin; Chen, Shiyi; Liu, Yanfen; Liu, Hongjie

    2016-10-19

    Although the HIV epidemic continues to spread among older adults over 50 years old in China, little empirical research has investigated the interrelationships among ageism, adaptability, family support, and quality of life among older people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs). In this cross-sectional study, among 197 older PLWHAs over 50 years old, path analytic modelling was used to assess the interrelationships among ageism, resilience, coping, family support, and quality of life. Compared with female PLWHAs, male PLWHAs had a higher level of resilience and coping. There were no significant differences in the scores of quality of life, ageism, family support, HIV knowledge, and duration since HIV diagnosis between males and females. The following relationships were statistically significant in the path analysis: (1) family support → resilience [β (standardised coefficient) = 0.18], (2) resilience → ageism (β = -0.29), (3) resilience → coping (β = 0.48), and (4) coping → quality of life (β = 0.24). In addition, male PLWHAs were more resilient than female PLWHAs (β = 0.16). The findings indicate that older PLWHAs do not only negatively accept adversity, but build their adaptability to positively manage the challenges. Family-based interventions need take this adaptability to adversity into consideration.

  2. Evaluation of Social Support, Quality of Life, and Body Image in Women with Breast Cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spatuzzi, Roberta; Vespa, Anna; Lorenzi, Primo; Miccinesi, Guido; Ricciuti, Marcello; Cifarelli, Wanda; Susi, Marina; Fabrizio, Tommaso; Ferrari, Maria G; Ottaviani, Marica; Giulietti, Maria V; Merico, Fabiana; Aieta, Michele

    2016-02-01

    This study was aimed at comparing the quality of life, body image, and perceived social support in women with breast cancer surgery. Patients receiving breast-conserving surgery (BCS) (n = 72), mastectomy alone (n = 44), and mastectomy with breast reconstruction (n = 41) were evaluated using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30), the EORTC Breast Cancer Module (QLQ-BR23), the Body Image Scale (BIS) and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS). The results indicated that the BCS group had a better body image compared with the other 2 groups and better role functioning compared with the mastectomy-alone group. In the reconstruction group, body image correlated with perceived social support, especially from family and significant others. These results suggest that a positive perception of a supportive social network can help women with breast reconstruction to better cope with the psychological effects of surgery on their body image.

  3. A social support measure: PRQ85.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinert, C

    1987-01-01

    The Personal Resource Questionnaire (PRQ) was developed in 1981 to measure situational and perceived social support. This article presents the history of its development and the latest psychometric evaluation of the tool. Nurturance subscale items were rewritten to reflect a broader context of behaviors toward persons of any age. Content validity was further established by correlations between the PRQ and two mental health measures. Factor analysis indicated that a three-factor structure for the perceived social support scale may be more appropriate than the hypothesized five-subscale structure.

  4. The Social Support Inventory (SSI) : A brief scale to assess perceived adequacy of social support

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Timmerman, IGH; Emanuels-Zuurveen, ES; Emmelkamp, PMG

    2000-01-01

    The development of a brief measure to assess satisfaction with obtained social support using Simultaneous Components Analysis (SCA) is described. In the first study the component structure of the Social Support Questionnaire (Van Sonderen, 1991) was determined in a sample of men (n = 401) and women

  5. Sexuality Related Social Support among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doty, Nathan Daniel; Willoughby, Brian L. B.; Lindahl, Kristin M.; Malik, Neena M.

    2010-01-01

    Lesbian, gay, and bisexual ("LGB") youth may face significant stressors related to their sexual orientation. Few studies, however, have examined youth's experiences of support for coping with these stressors. The current study compared LGB youth's perceptions of support for sexuality stress to their support for other types of problems. The links…

  6. Sexuality Related Social Support among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doty, Nathan Daniel; Willoughby, Brian L. B.; Lindahl, Kristin M.; Malik, Neena M.

    2010-01-01

    Lesbian, gay, and bisexual ("LGB") youth may face significant stressors related to their sexual orientation. Few studies, however, have examined youth's experiences of support for coping with these stressors. The current study compared LGB youth's perceptions of support for sexuality stress to their support for other types of problems. The links…

  7. Communication and cybercoping: coping with chronic illness through communicative action in online support networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jeong-Nam; Lee, Seungyoon

    2014-01-01

    Computer-mediated communication, specifically blogs, has expanded the range of the communicative action of patients with chronic disease from information seeking to information forwarding. The authors examine the effects of these 2 types of communicative action on perceived affective and physical coping outcomes. Using a survey dataset of 254 chronic disease patients, the authors tested 2 models using structural equation modeling: first, the effects of communicative action about chronic illness on coping outcomes; and second, the mediating role of emotion-focused and problem-focused coping processes. Findings indicate overall positive effects of communicative action on coping processes and outcomes, yet with different magnitudes of effects depending on the dimensions of communication behavior, the coping process, and outcome. Implications for patients and health care providers are discussed.

  8. Sexual Sensation Seeking, Social Stress, and Coping Styles as Predictors of HIV/STD Risk Behaviors in Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teva, Inmaculada; Bermudez, Maria Paz; Buela-Casal, Gualberto

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess whether coping styles, social stress, and sexual sensation seeking were predictors of HIV/STD risk behaviours in adolescents. A representative sample of 4,456 female and male Spanish high school students aged 13 to 18 years participated. A stratified random sampling procedure was used. Self-report questionnaires…

  9. Mental Health, Substance Use, and Adaptive Coping among Social Work Students in the Aftermath of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemieux, Catherine M.; Plummer, Carol A.; Richardson, Roslyn; Simon, Cassandra E.; Ai, Amy L.

    2010-01-01

    The current study examined mental health symptomology, substance use, and adaptive coping among 416 social work students following Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. Among participants, 47% scored at or above the clinical level for depression, with 6% of students showing clinical PTSD-like symptoms, and 16.9% reporting substance use. Two thirds (66.9%)…

  10. Positive-Themed Suicide Prevention Messages Delivered by Adolescent Peer Leaders: Proximal Impact on Classmates' Coping Attitudes and Perceptions of Adult Support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrova, Mariya; Wyman, Peter A; Schmeelk-Cone, Karen; Pisani, Anthony R

    2015-12-01

    Developing science-based communication guidance and positive-themed messages for suicide prevention are important priorities. Drawing on social learning and elaboration likelihood models, we designed and tested two positive-focused presentations by high school peer leaders delivered in the context of a suicide prevention program (Sources of Strength). Thirty-six classrooms in four schools (N = 706 students) were randomized to (1) peer leader modeling of healthy coping, (2) peer leader modeling plus audience involvement to identify trusted adults, or (3) control condition. Students' attitudes and norms were assessed by immediate post-only assessments. Exposure to either presentation enhanced positive coping attitudes and perceptions of adult support. Students who reported suicide ideation in the past 12 months benefited more than nonsuicidal students. Beyond modeling alone, audience involvement modestly enhanced expectations of adult support, congruent with the elaboration likelihood model. Positive peer modeling is a promising alternative to communications focused on negative consequences and directives and may enhance social-interpersonal factors linked to reduced suicidal behaviors.

  11. Social Support among European Suicide Attempters

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bille Brahe, U.; Egebo, H.; Crepet, P.; Kerkhof, A.J.F.M.

    1999-01-01

    Abstract In order to measure social support among suicide attempters, an instrument was especially designed to be included in the follow-up interview study being part of the WHO/Euro Multicentre Study on Parasuicide which is carried out in cooperation with EC Concerted Action on Attempted Suicide. I

  12. Personality and coping traits: A joint factor analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferguson, Eamonn

    2001-11-01

    OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this paper is to explore the structural similarities between Eysenck's model of personality and the dimensions of the dispositional COPE. Costa et al. {Costa P., Somerfield, M., & McCrae, R. (1996). Personality and coping: A reconceptualisation. In (pp. 44-61) Handbook of coping: Theory, research and applications. New York: Wiley} suggest that personality and coping behaviour are part of a continuum based on adaptation. If this is the case, there should be structural similarities between measures of personality and coping behaviour. This is tested using a joint factor analysis of personality and coping measures. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: The EPQ-R and the dispositional COPE were administered to 154 participants, and the data were analysed using joint factor analysis and bivariate associations. RESULTS: The joint factor analysis indicated that these data were best explained by a four-factor model. One factor was primarily unrelated to personality. There was a COPE-neurotic-introvert factor (NI-COPE) containing coping behaviours such as denial, a COPE-extroversion (E-COPE) factor containing behaviours such as seeking social support and a COPE-psychoticism factor (P-COPE) containing behaviours such as alcohol use. This factor pattern, especially for NI- and E-COPE, was interpreted in terms of Gray's model of personality {Gray, J. A. (1987) The psychology of fear and stress. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press}. NI-, E-, and P-COPE were shown to be related, in a theoretically consistent manner, to perceived coping success and perceived coping functions. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that there are indeed conceptual links between models of personality and coping. It is argued that future research should focus on identifying coping 'trait complexes'. Implications for practice are discussed.

  13. Social networks, social support and psychiatric symptoms: social determinants and associations within a multicultural community population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smyth, Natasha; Siriwardhana, Chesmal; Hotopf, Matthew; Hatch, Stephani L

    2015-07-01

    Little is known about how social networks and social support are distributed within diverse communities and how different types of each are associated with a range of psychiatric symptoms. This study aims to address such shortcomings by: (1) describing the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of social networks and social support in a multicultural population and (2) examining how each is associated with multiple mental health outcomes. Data is drawn from the South East London Community Health Study; a cross-sectional study of 1,698 adults conducted between 2008 and 2010. The findings demonstrate variation in social networks and social support by socio-demographic factors. Ethnic minority groups reported larger family networks but less perceived instrumental support. Older individuals and migrant groups reported lower levels of particular network and support types. Individuals from lower socioeconomic groups tended to report less social networks and support across the indicators measured. Perceived emotional and instrumental support, family and friend network size emerged as protective factors for common mental disorder, personality dysfunction and psychotic experiences. In contrast, both social networks and social support appear less relevant for hazardous alcohol use. The findings both confirm established knowledge that social networks and social support exert differential effects on mental health and furthermore suggest that the particular type of social support may be important. In contrast, different types of social network appear to impact upon poor mental health in a more uniform way. Future psychosocial strategies promoting mental health should consider which social groups are vulnerable to reduced social networks and poor social support and which diagnostic groups may benefit most.

  14. Modern Social Support Structures: Online Social Networks and their Implications for Social Workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kala Chakradhar

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Mapping and assessing social networks and the quality of their social support is a valuable intervention strategy for social workers. These networks have now spread onto the digital realm in the form of Online Social Networks (OSNs. This study investigated the nature of social support provided by such networks to their users in a rural mid-South University (USA and explored parallels with the current understanding of social support in conventional social networks. A web-based survey administered to college students revealed that users of these online networks were predominantly undergraduate first year students, female, single, unemployed and from a variety of academic disciplines. The examination of the components of OSNs appears to mirror those of offline networks. They also seem to complement the effects of each other while contributing to an individual's support system. The paper concludes with critical implications of such online social networking for University students and social workers in practice and education.

  15. Structural social support predicts functional social support in an online weight loss programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Kevin O; Etchegaray, Jason M; Sciamanna, Christopher N; Bernstam, Elmer V; Thomas, Eric J

    2014-06-01

    Online weight loss programmes allow members to use social media tools to give and receive social support for weight loss. However, little is known about the relationship between the use of social media tools and the perception of specific types of support. To test the hypothesis that the frequency of using social media tools (structural support) is directly related to perceptions of Encouragement, Information and Shared Experiences support (functional support). Online survey. Members of an online weight loss programme. The outcome was the perception of Encouragement (motivation, congratulations), Information (advice, tips) and Shared Experiences (belonging to a group) social support. The predictor was a social media scale based on the frequency of using forums and blogs within the online weight loss programme (alpha = 0.91). The relationship between predictor and outcomes was evaluated with structural equation modelling (SEM) and logistic regression, adjusted for sociodemographic characteristics, BMI and duration of website membership. The 187 participants were mostly female (95%) and white (91%), with mean (SD) age 37 (12) years and mean (SD) BMI 31 (8). SEM produced a model in which social media use predicted Encouragement support, but not Information or Shared Experiences support. Participants who used the social media tools at least weekly were almost five times as likely to experience Encouragement support compared to those who used the features less frequently [adjusted OR 4.8 (95% CI 1.8-12.8)]. Using the social media tools of an online weight loss programme at least once per week is strongly associated with receiving Encouragement for weight loss behaviours. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  16. Effective coping with stroke disability in a community setting: the development of a causal model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boynton De Sepulveda, L I; Chang, B

    1994-08-01

    A proposed causal model based upon Lazarus' theory of psychological stress and coping was tested in a sample of 75 persons disabled by stroke. Coping constraints such as demographic and stroke factors were hypothesized to affect resources (perceived availability of social support, perceived effectiveness of social support, social contact), stress appraisal, coping behavior and coping effectiveness. Although the model did not fit the data, several path coefficients within the model were statistically significant. Functional status was positively related to resources and negatively related to the stressor. Resources were negatively related to the stressor and positively related to coping effectiveness. It was noted that the buffering effect of social support was related to the level of disability of the stroke person. Persons with functional disability following stroke also had decreased social contact, perceived less availability of social resources and increased threat to physical well-being, and had reduced coping effectiveness.

  17. Relationship of coping and patterns of dependent behavior in patients with chronic pancreatitis of biliary and alcoholic etiology in aspect of differentiation of its medical and psychological support

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Маріанна Владиславівна Маркова

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Choric pancreatitis is an actual medical and psychological problem in Ukraine. The aim of the work was to study the features of coping in patients with chronic pancreatitis of alcoholic and biliary etiology.Methods. For detecting coping-mechanisms the standard method WCQ Р of Lazarus was used. The study of addictive tendencies was carried out with the help of questionnaire AUDIT and UDIT-tests oriented on patterns of dependent behavior.Results. The study of features of coping-mechanisms and an addiction to dependent behavior in patients with chronic pancreatitis revealed intergroup and intragroup differences. Confrontation and low levels of self-control, responsibility and positive assessment were intrinsic for respondents with alcoholic etiology of pancreatitis. Women demonstrated the high addiction to the search of social support, men – to distancing. As to an addictive behavior there was revealed that the typical common tendencies were the consumption of coffee, alcohol, internet-dependence, the specific ones for women – TV, shopping-dependencies, for men – workaholism in patients with biliary and computer-addiction in patients with alcoholic chronic pancreatitis. Intergroup differences were demonstrated by an addiction to disorder of food behavior in patients with biliary and consumption of alcohol and smoking in respondents with alcoholic etiology of pancreatitis.Conclusions. The revealed differences in coping-strategies of patients with different nosological forms of chronic pancreatitis give important information for detecting the targets of medical and psychological influence and constructing of differentiated program of medical and psychological help to patients of this type

  18. Employee adjustment to stress: The role of coping resources, situational factors, and coping responses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terry, D J; Tonge, L; Callan, V J

    1995-01-01

    Abstract The present study was designed to examine further the stress-adjustment relationship in employees. Specifically, the relations among employees' coping resources (self-esteem, generalized control beliefs, neuroticism, and social support), their appraisals of a recent stressful event experienced at work (appraised stress, self-efficacy, and situational control beliefs), the coping strategies (problem- and emotion-focused coping) used to deal with the event, and levels of employee adjustment (psychological well-being and job satisfaction) were examined. Data were collected from 153 male and female employees in a public sector department, employed in a range of middle-management administrative activities. The data provided support for a modified version of a model that proposed that both situational appraisals and coping strategies are mediating processes in the stress-adjustment relationship. There was evidence that employees' coping responses to the recent stressful event experienced at work were related to concurrent levels of adjustment. As predicted, the use of problem-focused coping, in general, had positive relationships with the measures of adjustment, whereas the effects of emotion-focused coping were generally negative (there was, however, some evidence that the effects of coping were dependent on event controllability). There was also evidence that coping resources had both direct and indirect effects (via coping and via situational appraisals) on employee adjustment. The latter effects were most marked for generalized control beliefs and self-esteem. Situational appraisals (in particular, efficacy expectancies) also had indirect effects on employee adjustment, through their effects on coping responses.

  19. The Functions of Social Support in the Mental Health of Male and Female Migrant Workers in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Daniel Fu Keung; Leung, Grace

    2008-01-01

    The study reported herein adopted a stress and coping framework to examine the functions of social support in protecting the mental health of migrant workers who experience migration stress during settlement in Shanghai, China. A total of 475 migrant workers from four major districts in Shanghai were recruited for a survey through multistage…

  20. The role of support groups in facilitating families in coping with a genetic condition and in discussion of genetic risk information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plumridge, Gillian; Metcalfe, Alison; Coad, Jane; Gill, Paramjit

    2012-09-01

      Giving children and young people information about genetic conditions and associated risk has been shown to be important to their identity, coping and decision making. Parents, however, find talking to their children difficult, and support from health professionals is often not available to them.   To explore the role of support groups in family coping, and in assisting parents' communication about risk with children in families affected by an inherited genetic condition.   Semi-structured interviews analysed using grounded theory and informed by models focusing on aspects of family communication.   Affected and unaffected children and their parents, from families affected by one of six genetic conditions, that represent different patterns of inheritance, and variations in age of onset, life expectancy and impact on families.   Parents often sought support they did not receive elsewhere from support groups. They identified benefits, but also potential disadvantages to this involvement. These related to the specific condition and also whether groups were run solely by parents or had professional input. Support groups rarely helped directly with family communication, but attendance often stimulated family discussion, and they provided information that improved parents' confidence in discussing the condition.   Support groups should be seen only as additional to the support offered by health and social care professionals. An increased understanding of the role of support groups in assisting families with genetic conditions has been highlighted, but further work is needed to explore more fully how this may be made more sustainable and far-reaching. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  1. Progressor: social navigation support through open social student modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsiao, I.-Han; Bakalov, Fedor; Brusilovsky, Peter; König-Ries, Birgitta

    2013-06-01

    The increased volumes of online learning content have produced two problems: how to help students to find the most appropriate resources and how to engage them in using these resources. Personalized and social learning have been suggested as potential ways to address these problems. Our work presented in this paper combines the ideas of personalized and social learning in the context of educational hypermedia. We introduce Progressor, an innovative Web-based tool based on the concepts of social navigation and open student modeling that helps students to find the most relevant resources in a large collection of parameterized self-assessment questions on Java programming. We have evaluated Progressor in a semester-long classroom study, the results of which are presented in this paper. The study confirmed the impact of personalized social navigation support provided by the system in the target context. The interface encouraged students to explore more topics attempting more questions and achieving higher success rates in answering them. A deeper analysis of the social navigation support mechanism revealed that the top students successfully led the way to discovering most relevant resources by creating clear pathways for weaker students.

  2. The Role of Online Social Support in Supporting and Educating Parents of Young Children With Special Health Care Needs in the United States: A Scoping Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeHoff, Beth A; Staten, Lisa K; Rodgers, Rylin Christine; Denne, Scott C

    2016-12-22

    When parents of young children with special health care needs (CSHCN) receive their child's diagnosis, they encounter information they may not understand, emotions they may not know how to cope with, and questions about their child's immediate and long-term future that frequently lack answers. The challenge of health care providers is how to prepare parents for caring for their CSHCN, for coping with any resulting challenges, and for accessing the systems and services that can assist them. The purpose of this work was to review evidence of the information and support needs of parents of young CSHCN and to determine whether online social support can serve as an avenue for learning and empowerment for these parents. A scoping review identified the challenges, coping mechanisms, and support needs among parents of CSHCN, and the reach and effectiveness of digital technologies with these families and health care providers. We also conducted interviews with professionals serving parents of CSHCN. The literature review and interviews suggested that parents best learn the information they need, and cope with the emotional challenges of raising a CSHCN, with support from other parents of CSHCN, and that young parents in recent years have most often been finding this parent-to-parent support through digital media, particularly social media, consistent with the theory of online social support. Evidence also shows that social media, particularly Facebook, is used by nearly all women aged 18-29 years across racial and socioeconomic lines in the United States. Parents of young CSHCN experience significant stress but gain understanding, receive support, and develop the ability to care for and be advocates for their child through parent-to-parent emotional and informational social support. Online social support is most effective with young adults of childbearing age, with social media and apps being the most useful within the theoretical framework of social support. This opens new

  3. Social networks, social support and psychiatric symptoms: social determinants and associations within a multicultural community population

    OpenAIRE

    Smyth, N.; Siriwardhana, C.; Hotopf, M.; Hatch, S.L.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose Little is known about how social networks and social support are distributed within diverse communities and how different types of each are associated with a range of psychiatric symptoms. This study aims to address such shortcomings by: (1) describing the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of social networks and social support in a multicultural population and (2) examining how each is associated with multiple mental health outcomes. Methods Data is drawn from the...

  4. Social support networks and eating disorders: an integrative review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonidas, Carolina; Dos Santos, Manoel Antônio

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to analyze the scientific literature about social networks and social support in eating disorders (ED). By combining keywords, an integrative review was performed. It included publications from 2006-2013, retrieved from the MEDLINE, LILACS, PsycINFO, and CINAHL databases. The selection of articles was based on preestablished inclusion and exclusion criteria. A total of 24 articles were selected for data extraction. There was a predominance of studies that used nonexperimental and descriptive designs, and which were published in international journals. This review provided evidence of the fact that fully consolidated literature regarding social support and social networks in patients with ED is not available, given the small number of studies dedicated to the subject. We identified evidence that the family social network of patients with ED has been widely explored by the literature, although there is a lack of studies about other networks and sources of social support outside the family. The evidence presented in this study shows the need to include other social networks in health care. This expansion beyond family networks would include significant others - such as friends, colleagues, neighbors, people from religious groups, among others - who could help the individual coping with the disorder. The study also highlights the need for future research on this topic, as well as a need for greater investment in publications on the various dimensions of social support and social networks.

  5. Social support and grand parenting in autistic children families

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elona Mano

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available About 1 in 68 children has been identified with autism spectrum disorder among children aged 8 years according to estimates from Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM (Baio, 2014. Not only undiscovered cause of autism is a source of stress for parents of autistic children, but the stress of raising a child with autism can lead to depression (Morgan, 1988, 263-280. In order to cope with this stressful situation, it is very important for parents of autistic children to find some explanation for their child‘s developmental disorder, and even to be supported by their family, institutions and society. Even though the pace of research has increased dramatically in recent years, a majority of studies on families with a child with autism collect information from the parents, but not from the other members of the family. This study examined the involvement of grandparents of autistic children. The study is based on a sample of 40 mothers of autistic children from Albania who completed a structured questionnaire. It was hypothesized that mothers of autistic children who live with other members of the family such as grandparents, perceive more social support compared to families of autistic children that consist only by the natural parents.

  6. A study to ascertain the effect of structured student tutorial support on student stress, self-esteem and coping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gammon, John; Morgan-Samuel, Heulwen

    2005-05-01

    The overall aim of this intervention study was to investigate, and measure quantitatively, the psychological effects of structured student tutorial support, on undergraduate students' level of stress, self-esteem and cognitive coping. A quantitative research approach was adopted using a quasi-experimental design (post-test only, non-equivalent control group design) in order to ascertain whether there were any significant differences between the experimental conditions (n=25) and a control group (n=25). The independent variable was structured student tutorial support and the dependent variables were student stress, self-esteem and cognitive coping. A total of 50 subjects were randomly assigned to either the experimental or control group. Quantitative data were collected using: the Student Nurse Stress Index (Jones, M.C., Johnston, D.W., 1997a. The derivation of a 22 item Student Nurse Stress Index, using exploratory, confirmatory and multi-sample confirmatory factor analytic techniques. In: Paper Presented at the Annual Nursing Research Conference, 18-20th April, University of Wales, Swansea; Jones, M. C. Johnston, D.W., 1999. Derivation of a brief Student Nurse Stress Index. Work and Stress 13(2), 162-181), the Self Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, M., 1965. Society and the Adolesent Self Image. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ) and a Linear Analogue Coping Scale (Gammon, J., 1998. Analysis of the stressful effects of hospitalisation and source isolation on coping and psychological constructs. International Journal of Nursing Practice 4(2), 84-97). The methods of data analysis were the application of the t-test and descriptive statistics. The results indicated a significantly lower level of stress in the experimental group (t=-3.85, p=0.001) and a significantly higher self esteem (t=4.11, p=0.001). Results also suggested that students who were provided with structured tutorial support perceived they coped more effectively with their studies (t=4.65, p=0.001). The

  7. Effects of stress and social supports on mother-child interactions in single- and two-parent families.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinraub, M; Wolf, B M

    1983-10-01

    Social networks, coping abilities, life stresses, and mother-child interaction were studied in 28 mother-child pairs--14 single mothers and their preschool children and 14 matched married women and children. Questionnaires were used to measure the mothers' social network, coping abilities, and life stress; a mother-child interaction situation was used to measure maternal control, maternal maturity demands, maternal nurturance, mother-child communication, and child compliance. Single parents tended to be more socially isolated than married parents. They worked longer hours and received less emotional and less parental support. They tended to have less stable social networks and experience more potentially stressful life changes. Only in the household area did single mothers report more difficulties coping than 2-parent mothers. No significant differences were found in any of the 5 mother-child interaction variables. Different variables predicted mother-child interaction in the 2 samples. Predicting optimal mother-child interaction in single-parent families were fewer stressful life events, reduced social contact, increased parenting support, and hours maternal employment. Predicting optimal interaction in 2-parent families were fewer stressful life events, satisfaction with emotional support, and the availability of household help. Social contacts, household help, and employment differentially predicted mother-child interactions in the 2 groups. Implications of these differences for descriptions of the effect of social networks and maternal adjustment on child development are considered, as are implications for intervention.

  8. The Exchange of Social Support on Online Bariatric Surgery Discussion Forums: A Mixed-Methods Content Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atwood, Molly E; Friedman, Aliza; Meisner, Brad A; Cassin, Stephanie E

    2017-03-10

    Bariatric surgery patients often experience physical and psychosocial stressors, and difficulty adjusting to significant lifestyle changes. As a result, social support groups that provide patients with support, coping skills, and nutritional information are valuable components of bariatric care. Support group attendance at bariatric centers is associated with greater post-surgery weight loss; however, several barriers hinder attendance at in-person support groups (e.g., travel distance to bariatric centers). Consequently, online support forums are an increasingly utilized resource for patients both before and after surgery. This study examined and described the type and frequency of social support provided on a large online bariatric surgery forum. A total of 1,412 messages in the pre- (n = 822) and post-surgery (n = 590) sections of the forum were coded using qualitative content analysis according to Cutrona and Suhr's (1992) Social Support Behavior Code model (i.e., including informational, tangible, esteem, network, and emotional support types). The majority of messages provided informational and emotional support regarding: a) factual information about the bariatric procedure and nutrition; b) advice for coping with the surgery preparation process, and physical symptoms; and c) encouragement regarding adherence to surgical guidelines, and weight loss progress. Network, esteem, and tangible support types were less frequent than informational and emotional support types. The results inform healthcare providers about the types of social support available to bariatric patients on online support forums and, thus, encourage appropriate referrals to this resource.

  9. Perceived stress and social support in undergraduate nursing students' educational experiences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reeve, Kristen L; Shumaker, Catherine J; Yearwood, Edilma L; Crowell, Nancy A; Riley, Joan B

    2013-04-01

    Nursing students experience high levels of stress. Coping mechanisms such as utilization of social support are effective in managing the effects of stress and promoting individual well-being. The use of social support from faculty members and peers in nursing programs has not been studied sufficiently. Faculty members who can perceive and understand student emotions add to the students' positive perception of the educational environment, making it more conducive to learning. To identify the stress experience and use of social support as a coping mechanism in traditional and second degree nursing students' educational experiences. A mixed method study was conducted. Undergraduate nursing students at a private university. 107 baccalaureate nursing students enrolled in either a traditional (n=49) or second degree (n=58) program during the Fall 2011 semester. Five instruments were combined to develop the quantitative and qualitative questions for an online survey. Traditional and second degree nursing students report high levels of anxiety, worry and depression in response to stress, resulting in feelings of rejection and inadequacy. Respondents used faculty members for support less frequently than they used their peers, spouse/significant other or parents. Second degree students and traditional students differ in their level of alcohol consumption with traditional students more likely to drink heavily than second degree students. In addition, traditional students are more likely to use fellow nursing students and other friends as social support, whereas second degree students rely more on their spouse/significant other. Students' high levels of maladaptive reactions to stress should encourage educators to help students develop positive coping strategies. Educators have the potential to impact the development of their students as they transition into nurses capable of handling the rigors of the profession. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. The Utility of the Rorschach Coping Deficit Index as a Measure of Depression and Social Skills Deficits in Children and Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stredny, Rebecca; Ball, J.

    2005-01-01

    Little research has evaluated the validity of the Coping Deficit Index (CDI) of the Rorschach Comprehensive System (CS). Because the CS Depression Index (DEPI) has frequently been found to yield false negatives, the CDI has been proposed as an alternative means of assessing social coping skills that may relate to depression. This study examined…

  11. Natural hazards and subjective assessment in the construction of social vulnerability to cope with natural disasters in Chile and Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugo Romero

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available From objective and subjective points of view, some of the most outstanding economic, politic, social and cultural factors that have participated in the construction of the social vulnerability with which Chilean and Brazilian local communities have coped recent natural disasters, including floods, landslides, earthquakes and tsunamis. Global factors have generated economic constraints that have been represented at local scale in the increment of social vulnerability due to the lack of public investments in protective works. Additionally, exclusion and social segregation processes have been observed, translated in a permanent and systematic human occupation of areas exposed to natural hazards, where the poorest population has been installed. Perceptions of natural hazards, social organizations forms, and local community’s expectations and frustrations constitute valuable lessons which should be the basis of the necessary social learning to avoid repetition of these tragedies.

  12. A coping and communication support intervention tailored to older patients diagnosed with late-stage cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Hannum Rose

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Julia Hannum Rose1,2,3, Rosanne Radziewicz4, Karen F Bowman5, Elizabeth E O’Toole11Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA; 2Louis Stokes Cleveland VAMC-GRECC, Cleveland, OH, USA; 3Center for Health Care Research and Policy, Case at MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, OH, USA; 4Department of Nursing, MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, OH, USA; 5Department of Sociology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USAAbstract: As our society ages, increasing numbers of older Americans will be diagnosed and eventually will die of cancer. To date, psycho-oncology interventions for advanced cancer patients have been more successful in reaching younger adult age groups and generally have not been designed to respond to the unique needs and preferences of older patients. Theories and research on successful aging (Baltes and Baltes 1990; Baltes 1997, health information processing style (Miller 1995; Miller et al 2001 and non-directive client-centered therapy (Rogers 1951, 1967, have guided the development of a coping and communication support (CCS intervention. Key components of this age-sensitive and tailored intervention are described, including problem domains addressed, intervention strategies used and the role of the CCS practitioner. Age group comparisons in frequency of contact, problems raised and intervention strategies used during the first six weeks of follow up indicate that older patients were similar to middle-aged patients in their level of engagement, problems faced and intervention strategies used. Middle-aged patients were more likely to have problems communicating with family members at intervention start up and practical problems as well in follow up contacts. This is the first intervention study specifically designed to be age sensitive and to examine age differences in engagement from the early treatment phase for late-stage cancer through end of life. This tailored intervention is

  13. Social support in people, that live with HIV in Lima

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    Ninoshka Fasce Cayo

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available This research studies the social support in a group of adult persons with HIV: 14 women and 41 men between 18 and 58 years of age, from medium- low social economic status that appeal to state health centers, non government entities and mutual support groups of Lima. The resultsof perceived social support, effective social support, social support satisfaction and social support need ha ve been correlated with variables age, sex, diagnostic time, presence of symptoms associated lo H!V, participation in a mutual support group, sex and sexual orientation(heterosexual males, men that have sex with other men and heterosexual women.The results showed that the social support indexes behaved differently according to weather they participated in a mutual support group or not, according to sex, according to sex and sexual orientation. Also, the need for social support rate varies according to diagnostic time.

  14. Assessing social vulnerability in African urban context. The challenge to cope with climate change induced hazards by communities and households

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kabisch, Sigrun; Jean-Baptiste, Nathalie

    2013-04-01

    Social vulnerability assessment remains central in discourses on global climatic change and takes a more pertinent meaning considering that natural disasters in African countries continue to deeply affect human settlements and destroys human livelihoods. In recent years, in particular large territories and growing cities have experienced severe weather events. Among them are river and flash floods, affecting the social and economic assets of local populations. The impact of the damage related to floods is not only perceptible during seasonal events but also during unexpected larger disasters which place a particular burden on local population and institutions to adapt effectively to increasing climatic pressures. Important features for social vulnerability assessment are the increasing severity of the physical damages, the shortcoming of social and technical infrastructure, the complexity of land management/market, the limited capacity of local institutions and last but not least the restricted capacities of local population to resist these events. Understanding vulnerability implies highlighting and interlinking relevant indicators and/or perceptions encompassed in four main dimensions: social, institutional, physical and attitudinal vulnerability. Case studies in Dar es Salaam, Ouagadougou and Addis Ababa were carried out to obtain insights into the context-related conditions, behavior routines and survival networks in urban areas in west and east Africa. Using a combination of tools (e.g. focus group discussions, transect walks, interviews) we investigated in close cooperation with African partners how households and communities are being prepared to cope with, as well as to recover from floods. A comprehensive process of dealing with floods can be described based on sequential attributes concerning i) Anticipation before a flood occurs, ii) Resistance and coping activities during a flood event and, iii) Recovery and reconstruction afterwards. A participatory

  15. The Relationship Between Perceived Family Support and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescence: What is the Moderating Role of Coping Strategies and Gender?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hickey, Emma; Fitzgerald, Amanda; Dooley, Barbara

    2017-05-01

    This study examined the moderating role of gender and coping strategies in the relationship between perceived family support, self-esteem and depressive symptoms. Data were used from the My World Survey Second Level (MWS-SL), a national survey of mental health among 6062 young people aged 12-19 years. Conditional process analyses indicated that planned coping moderated the relationship between perceived family support and depressive symptoms for those engaging in low-moderate levels but not high levels of planned coping, and this moderating role was stronger for females than males. Avoidance coping was a moderator for those engaging in moderate-high but not low levels of avoidance coping, and gender also moderated this relationship. Support-focused coping only moderated the perceived family support/depressive symptoms relationship for females. Findings suggest that the strength of the relationship between perceived family support and depressive symptoms depends on level of engagement with a particular coping strategy, and this engagement is a consistently stronger moderator for females.

  16. Self-reported racism and social support predict blood pressure reactivity in Blacks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Rodney

    2003-01-01

    This study explored the effects of perceived racism and social support (quantity and quality) on blood pressure reactivity. In a college sample of 64 Blacks (M age = 22.69 years, SD =6.60), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were assessed before and during a standardized serial subtraction task. Perceptions of racism and the quantity and quality of social support were measured by self-report. Separate multiple regression analyses revealed that perceived racism and social support (neither quantity nor quality) were not independent predictors of SBP or DBP changes (ps >.05). These analyses did indicate that perceived racism interacted with the quantity of social support (p racism also interacted with the quantity of social support to predict changes in SBP (p racism, high social support was associated with exaggerated blood pressure changes under conditions of high perceived racism. These significant interaction effects persisted after statistically controlling for potential confounders. The findings highlight the importance of examining the joint contribution of real-world experiences and coping resources to blood pressure reactivity in Blacks.

  17. The efficacy of adult christian support groups in coping with the death of a significant loved one.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodman, Herbert; Stone, Mark H

    2009-09-01

    Psychologists sometimes minimize important resources such as religion and spiritual beliefs for coping with bereavement. Alienation of therapeutic psychology from religious values contrasts to professional and public interest in religious experience and commitment. A supportive viewpoint has come about partially as a result of recognizing important values which clinicians have found absent in many of their clients. Until spiritual belief systems become integrated into the work of clinicians, clients may not be fully integrative in coping with loss. The key finding of this study was that individuals who participated in Christian and secular support groups showed no statistically significant difference in their mean endorsement of negative criteria on the BHS, and no statistically significant difference for their mean score endorsement of positive criteria on the RCOPE. However, a Christian-oriented approach was no less effective than a psychological-oriented one. In both groups, a spiritual connection to a specific or generalized higher power was frequently identified which clients ascribed to facilitating the management of their coping.

  18. Enhancing Coping and Supporting Protective Factors after a Disaster: Findings From a Quasi-Experimental Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Tara; Thompson, Sanna J.

    2016-01-01

    Objective: This article presents the Journey of Hope (JoH), a school-based intervention for children who have experienced a collective trauma such as a natural disaster. Through the use of group work, the JoH focuses on building coping skills and enhancing protective factors to help children recover. Method: This quasi-experimental research…

  19. Acting as a Change Agent in Supporting Sustainable Agriculture: How to Cope with New Professional Situations?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerf, M.; Guillot, M. N.; Olry, P.

    2011-01-01

    How do change agents deal with the diversity of farmers' attitudes towards the future of agriculture? How do they themselves cope with change and understand their role as change agents? We chose a comprehensive, action-training approach to answer such questions and worked with agents belonging to two different extension networks. The agents…

  20. STUDENTS WELL-BEING, COPING, ACADEMIC SUCCESS, AND SCHOOL CLIMATE

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ruus, Viive-Riina; Veisson, Marika; Leino, Mare; Ots, Loone; Pallas, Linda; Sarv, Ene-Silvia; Veisson, Anneli

    2007-01-01

    .... The main hypothesis was that by modifying a school's social climate, one can either help or disable the development of students' constructive coping strategies and thus support, or not, students' academic success...

  1. Interaction patterns of nurturant support exchanged in online health social networking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chuang, Katherine Y; Yang, Christopher C

    2012-05-03

    Expressing emotion in online support communities is an important aspect of enabling e-patients to connect with each other and expand their social resources. Indirectly it increases the amount of support for coping with health issues. Exploring the supportive interaction patterns in online health social networking would help us better understand how technology features impacts user behavior in this context. To build on previous research that identified different types of social support in online support communities by delving into patterns of supportive behavior across multiple computer-mediated communication formats. Each format combines different architectural elements, affecting the resulting social spaces. Our research question compared communication across different formats of text-based computer-mediated communication provided on the MedHelp.org health social networking environment. We identified messages with nurturant support (emotional, esteem, and network) across three different computer-mediated communication formats (forums, journals, and notes) of an online support community for alcoholism using content analysis. Our sample consisted of 493 forum messages, 423 journal messages, and 1180 notes. Nurturant support types occurred frequently among messages offering support (forum comments: 276/412 messages, 67.0%; journal posts: 65/88 messages, 74%; journal comments: 275/335 messages, 82.1%; and notes: 1002/1180 messages, 84.92%), but less often among messages requesting support. Of all the nurturing supports, emotional (ie, encouragement) appeared most frequently, with network and esteem support appearing in patterns of varying combinations. Members of the Alcoholism Community appeared to adapt some traditional face-to-face forms of support to their needs in becoming sober, such as provision of encouragement, understanding, and empathy to one another. The computer-mediated communication format may have the greatest influence on the supportive interactions

  2. Direct and Indirect Effects of Maltreatment and Social Support on Children's Social Competence Across Reporters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller-Graff, Laura E; Howell, Kathryn H; Martinez-Torteya, Cecilia; Grein, Katherine

    2016-11-22

    Children's social competence is a key characteristic of resilience, yet little research has assessed contributing factors to this construct. The objectives of this study were to examine direct and indirect effects of maltreatment on children's social competence, the promotive role of child and caregiver social support, and factors contributing to reports of child social competence across informants. Structural equation modeling evaluated the influence of CPS report history, child adjustment, and child and caregiver social support on child social competence in n = 783 caregiver-child dyads. CPS report history (age 0-8) was indirectly related to low social competence through child adjustment problems. Social support was a significant promotive factor of child social competence, with caregiver social supports predicting higher levels of parent-reported child social competence. Child social support predicted self-reported child social competence. Findings reinforce the assertion that both caregiver and child social support networks are critical to promoting child well-being after adversity.

  3. [Illness knowledge, social support and self care behavior in adolescents with beta-thalassemia major].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, H C; Chen, Y C; Mao, H C; Lin, K H

    2001-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships among illness knowledge, social support and self-care behavior in adolescents with beta-thalassemia major. The subjects were 58 beta-thalassemia major adolescents recruited from the pediatric hematology outpatient departments of three hospitals in North Taiwan. All data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, one-way ANOVA, t-test, Pearson correlation, and stepwise multiple regression. The results showed that: (1) Scoring in illness knowledge, the best was treatment knowledge, and the worst was the knowledge of complications and symptoms. (2) The result for social support indicated that the family was the major source of support, and that classmates/friends provided the least support for thalassemic adolescents. (3) Scoring in self care behavior, the best was the medical and chelate therapy, and the worst was the management of problems and coping. (4) Individual characteristic differences, including sex, level of education, length of illness, complications of thalassemia, hospitalization due to thalassemic complications and receiving other treatments were correlated with their illness knowledge, social support or self-care behavior. (5) Illness knowledge, social support which were positively correlated with self-care behavior. (6) 50.0% of the variance in self-care behavior can be explained by emotional support from family, general knowledge of thalassemia, treatment knowledge and appraisal support from family. These findings could provide referential material for nursing research and nursing practice.

  4. Unemployment, Social Support, Individual Resources, and Job Search Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slebarska, Katarzyna; Moser, Klaus; Gunnesch-Luca, George

    2009-01-01

    The authors investigated the relation between the social support received by unemployed individuals (N = 104) and their job search behavior. A moderated mediation model demonstrated that the effect of social support on job search behaviors was mediated by self-esteem but only if adequacy of social support was perceived as low. In addition, the…

  5. Unemployment, Social Support, Individual Resources, and Job Search Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slebarska, Katarzyna; Moser, Klaus; Gunnesch-Luca, George

    2009-01-01

    The authors investigated the relation between the social support received by unemployed individuals (N = 104) and their job search behavior. A moderated mediation model demonstrated that the effect of social support on job search behaviors was mediated by self-esteem but only if adequacy of social support was perceived as low. In addition, the…

  6. Social support networks and eating disorders: an integrative review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonidas C

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Carolina Leonidas, Manoel Antônio dos Santos Department of Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy, Sciences and Letters of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil Aims: This study aimed to analyze the scientific literature about social networks and social support in eating disorders (ED. Methods: By combining keywords, an integrative review was performed. It included publications from 2006–2013, retrieved from the MEDLINE, LILACS, PsycINFO, and CINAHL databases. The selection of articles was based on preestablished inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: A total of 24 articles were selected for data extraction. There was a predominance of studies that used nonexperimental and descriptive designs, and which were published in international journals. This review provided evidence of the fact that fully consolidated literature regarding social support and social networks in patients with ED is not available, given the small number of studies dedicated to the subject. We identified evidence that the family social network of patients with ED has been widely explored by the literature, although there is a lack of studies about other networks and sources of social support outside the family. Conclusion: The evidence presented in this study shows the need to include other social networks in health care. This expansion beyond family networks would include significant others – such as friends, colleagues, neighbors, people from religious groups, among others – who could help the individual coping with the disorder. The study also highlights the need for future research on this topic, as well as a need for greater investment in publications on the various dimensions of social support and social networks. Keywords: eating disorders, social networks, social support, family relations, peer relations

  7. Influences of mastery, spousal support, and adaptive coping on sexual drive and satisfaction among chinese gynecologic cancer survivors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Catherine So-Kum; Lai, Beatrice P Y; Chung, Tony K H

    2010-10-01

    This study investigated sexual drive and satisfaction of Chinese gynecologic cancer survivors. It also examined the extent to which personal mastery, adaptive coping, and perceived spousal support would exert direct and/or indirect influences on sexual outcomes. The cancer survivor group included 134 Chinese women who had received treatment for gynecologic cancer, while the healthy control group included 105 Chinese women who did not have a known history or current diagnosis of cancer. Compared to healthy women, cancer survivors reported lower levels of sexual drive and sexual satisfaction. Among sexually active participants, cancer survivors relative to healthy women engaged in less masturbation, less kissing and caressing, and less sexual fantasy in the past month. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses showed that mastery and spousal support, but not adaptive coping, had a direct influence on sexual outcomes in cancer survivors. Contrary to moderation hypotheses, the three psychological factors did not interact with each other to influence sexual drive and satisfaction. Mediation analyses showed that spousal support fully mediated the influence of mastery on sexual satisfaction. Routine assessment of sexual functioning prior to and following treatment of gynecologic cancer is suggested. Sexual rehabilitation should also aim to enhance personal mastery and spousal support.

  8. Social support in patients with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiller, J M; Sloane, G; Schmidt, U; Troop, N; Power, M; Treasure, J L

    1997-01-01

    To investigate the social support networks of patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN). Social support was measured using the Significant Others Scale for 44 patients with AN, 81 patients with BN, and 86 polytechnic students. Eating disorder patients had smaller social networks than the students. AN patients were significantly less likely than BN patients to have a spouse or partner as a support figure. Both AN and BN patients reported less actual emotional and practical support than students. AN patients perceived their social support to be adequate, whereas BN patients were dissatisfied with their support. Patients set lower ideals for support than the students. Social support was not correlated with duration of illness. AN and BN patients have deficient social networks. In BN patients there is disturbance in both the size and perceived adequacy of social relationships.

  9. Economic Stress, Social Support, and Maternal Depression: Is Social Support Deterioration Occurring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gjesfjeld, Christopher D.; Greeno, Catherine G.; Kim, Kevin H.; Anderson, Carol M.

    2010-01-01

    Maternal depression in low-income women is a significant problem because of its negative consequences for both mothers and their children. Economic stress increases risk for depression; however, mechanisms linking economic stress and depression are not well understood. The social support deterioration model suggests that chronic stressors can…

  10. Social Support in the Structure of Personality Resources in Individuals with Disabilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.A. Leontiev

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper focuses on the issues of social support of individuals with disabilities and describes its role in the development and maintenance of subjective well-being of persons in situations of disability. A special external resource for overcoming unfavorable developmental conditions, social support is interlocked in a continuous relationship with psychological resources of personality. One of its distinctive features is that it implies the subject's activity aimed at overcoming difficult life situation on his/her own. When the person's bodily resources are insufficient (as it happens in situations of physical disabilities, the role of macro- and microsocial resources in supporting his/her well-being naturally increases. However, when both social and bodily resources are scarce, it is the individual's personality that stands in the gap. The research described in the paper explored the relationship between microsocial resources (support of family and friends, satisfaction with this support and psychological resources of resistance and self-regulation of personality. The sample consisted of 210 subjects (48 students with disabilities, 162 healthy subjects. The outcomes revealed certain differences between the subsamples with low and high rates of social support which suggest that the subjects' perceptions and evaluations of the support contribute to their psychological resources of coping and self-regulation, activating and/or reinforcing the existing potential of their personalities.

  11. Influence of perceived social support on health and socio-economic differences in social support in adolescents

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gecková, A.; Pudelsky, M.; van Dijk, J.P.

    2001-01-01

    The influence of perceived social support on health and socio-economic differences in social support were investigated in sample of adolescents (n = 2616, including 1370 boys, mean age 15 years). The perceived social support was studied in five spheres: school, interpersonal relations, serious decis

  12. When Using Facebook to Avoid Isolation Reduces Perceived Social Support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Eun-Ju; Cho, Eugene

    2017-06-26

    A survey (N = 316) examined how other-directed Facebook use driven by fear of social isolation affects users' perception of social support they possess. As predicted, those higher on fear of isolation were more likely to (a) closely monitor others' activities for self-evaluation (i.e., social comparison) and (b) regulate their self-presentation to garner social approval (i.e., other-directed self-presentation), but less likely to (c) express their true inner feelings and thoughts (i.e., inner-directed self-presentation) on Facebook. Social comparison, in turn, lowered perceived social support among heavy Facebook users, whereas inner-directed self-presentation heightened it. Other-directed self-presentation had no significant effect on perceived social support. Results indicate that the desire to avoid social isolation may paradoxically diminish perceived social support by promoting social comparison, while suppressing the expression of true self on Facebook.

  13. The PRQ--a social support measure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandt, P A; Weinert, C

    1981-01-01

    The Personal Resource Questionnaire (PRQ) is a two-part measure of the multidimensional characteristics of social support. Part one provides descriptive information about the person's resources, the satisfaction with these resources, and whether or not there is a confidant. Part two contains a 25-item Likert scale developed according to Weiss's relational dimensions and a five-item Self-Help Ideology scale. The PRQ was administered as the measure of one of the independent variables in a study of 149 male or female spouses of individuals with multiple sclerosis. Content and face validity procedures were completed previous to the study. An internal consistency reliability coefficient of alpha = .89 was obtained for the PRQ Part 2. Moderate intercorrelations for the dimensional subscales--intimacy, social integration, worth, and assistance--indicate that there is some overlap of these dimensions. Low intercorrelations between nurturance and the other four subscales suggest that nurturance is an independent scale. Modest predictive validity coefficients were obtained. At the present time the intended use of the PRQ is for research. Plans for tool development include obtaining further construct validity information and test-retest reliability.

  14. Use of Social Support: Gender and Personality Differences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reevy, Gretchen M.; Maslach, Christina

    2001-01-01

    Surveyed male and female adults to test several hypotheses about the relationship between sex, gender, personality, and social support. Overall, gender, but not sex, significantly correlated with patterns of social support. Femininity in both sexes associated with seeking and receiving emotional support, and with seeking and receiving support from…

  15. Psycho-social risks at work: stress and coping strategies in oncology nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Sandra da Fonte Sousa; Santos, Margarida Maria Magalhães Cabugueira Custódio dos; Carolino, Elisabete Teresa da Mata Almeida

    2013-01-01

    to identify sources of stress and coping strategies in nurses who work in three Head and Neck Surgery Oncology Services, in three central hospitals in Portugal. a cross-sectional descriptive-exploratory study, whose sample was made up of the 96 nurses from the three services. The following were used in the data collection: a socio-demographic questionnaire; the 12-item General Health Questionnaire; and the Occupational Stress Inventory; Brief COPE. reasonable levels of general health were ascertained. The most-mentioned stressors were: burden with work; low pay; the physical space where they work; emotionally-disturbing situations and lack of recognition of the profession. The most-used coping strategies were: planning; active coping; acceptance and self-distraction. the stressors identified are mainly related to organizational aspects and work conditions, and the coping strategies chosen are aimed at resolving problems and improving the nurses’ well-being. A significant percentage of the nurses presents high levels of pressure and depressed emotions. The results presented corroborate previous studies which warn of the importance of developing strategies for preventing these stress levels.

  16. Psycho-social risks at work: stress and coping strategies in oncology nurses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra da Fonte Sousa Gomes

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: to identify sources of stress and coping strategies in nurses who work in three Head and Neck Surgery Oncology Services, in three central hospitals in Portugal. METHOD: a cross-sectional descriptive-exploratory study, whose sample was made up of the 96 nurses from the three services. The following were used in the data collection: a socio-demographic questionnaire; the 12-item General Health Questionnaire; and the Occupational Stress Inventory; Brief COPE. RESULTS: reasonable levels of general health were ascertained. The most-mentioned stressors were: burden with work; low pay; the physical space where they work; emotionally-disturbing situations and lack of recognition of the profession. The most-used coping strategies were: planning; active coping; acceptance and self-distraction. CONCLUSION: the stressors identified are mainly related to organizational aspects and work conditions, and the coping strategies chosen are aimed at resolving problems and improving the nurses' well-being. A significant percentage of the nurses presents high levels of pressure and depressed emotions. The results presented corroborate previous studies which warn of the importance of developing strategies for preventing these stress levels.

  17. Subjective well-being associated with size of social network and social support of elderly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xingmin

    2016-06-01

    The current study examined the impact of size of social network on subjective well-being of elderly, mainly focused on confirmation of the mediator role of perceived social support. The results revealed that both size of social network and perceived social support were significantly correlated with subjective well-being. Structural equation modeling indicated that perceived social support partially mediated size of social network to subjective well-being. The final model also revealed significant both paths from size of social network to subjective well-being through perceived social support. The findings extended prior researches and provided valuable evidence on how to promote mental health of the elderly.

  18. Coping, social relations, and communication: A qualitative exploratory study of children of parents with cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thastum, Mikael; Johansen, Mikael Birkelund; Gubba, Lotte

    2008-01-01

    examples of parentification were found. Communication patterns and parental coping seemed to be highly related to the child's coping repertoire. Even though most children seemed to manage rather well, all children were strongly affected by the illness. The 'healthiest' adaptation related to factors within...... and concerns for the child. Twenty-one children from 15 families and their parents were interviewed. In 13 families the mother was ill, in two the father. Children were aware of the facts of the illness, but there was limited emotional communication between the generations. The children were very observant...... of both the ill and the healthy parent's emotional condition. The children's observations and expressions led us to identify five coping strategies the younger generation used: Helping others, parentification, distraction, keeping it in the head, and wishful thinking. Both adaptive and destructive...

  19. Religion's Effect on Mental Health in Schizophrenia: Examining the Roles of Meaning-Making and Seeking Social Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabak, Naomi T.; Weisman de Mamani, Amy

    2015-01-01

    While a growing body of research suggests that religion offers mental health benefits for individuals with schizophrenia, few studies have examined the mechanisms underlying this effect. The present study investigated two potential mediators (seeking social support and meaning-making coping) that may elucidate the nature of this relationship. The sample included 112 individuals with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. Structural equation modeling was used to test whether religion was related to symptom severity and quality of life (QoL), and whether seeking social support and meaning-making coping mediated these effects. As expected, meaning-making coping significantly mediated the effect of intrinsic religion (use of religion as a framework to understand life) on QoL. While extrinsic religion (use of religion as a social convention) was associated with seeking social support, it did not relate to either outcome variable. Findings offer insight into the ways in which religion may improve the mental health of patients with schizophrenia. Results suggest that the adaptive elements of intrinsic religion seen in prior research may be explained by the meaning that religion offers. Clinical interventions that encourage patients to find meaning amidst adversity may improve QoL in this population. Future research would benefit from further investigation of the meaning-making process in individuals with schizophrenia. PMID:23428788

  20. Social support and social interaction ties on internet addiction: integrating online and offline contexts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Edward Shih-Tse; Wang, Michael Chih-Hung

    2013-11-01

    This study explores the relationship between social support and social interaction ties on Internet addiction by integrating both online and offline social encounters. A total of 1,642 members of online social communities participated in this research, for which structural equation modeling was used for analysis. The findings show that social support is positively associated with social interaction ties in both online and offline contexts. In addition, online social support and online social interaction ties are positively associated with Internet addiction, whereas offline social support and social interaction ties on Internet addiction are negatively associated. This finding has important implications not only for understanding the cause of Internet addiction but also for understanding the diminishing Internet addiction due to social support and social interaction ties.

  1. Sex and age differences in coping styles among children with chronic pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, Anne M; Kashikar-Zuck, Susmita; Goldschneider, Kenneth R; Jones, Benjamin A

    2007-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine sex and age differences in coping strategies among pediatric patients with chronic pain. Sex differences are reported in the adult pain and coping literatures, but little attention has been given to possible distinctions in coping styles in the pediatric chronic pain population. Investigating pain coping skills at an early age may provide clinicians with a better understanding of the evolution of characteristic coping styles and identify areas for intervention. Pain intensity (Visual Analog Scale), pain coping strategies (Pain Coping Questionnaire), and coping efficacy were assessed in children (ages 8-12 years) and adolescents (ages 13-18 years), presenting to a pediatric chronic pain clinic (n=272). Significant sex differences in coping strategies were found. After controlling for pain intensity, girls used social support seeking more than boys, while boys used more behavioral distraction techniques. Adolescents engaged in more positive self-statements (a cognitive strategy) than children. Both boys and girls showed a trend toward pain coping efficacy being negatively correlated with average pain intensity. For girls, pain coping efficacy was also significantly negatively correlated with internalizing/catastrophizing. However, no sex or age differences in coping efficacy were found. This study demonstrates the early emergence of sex- and aged-based preferences in coping strategies among children and adolescents with chronic pain. The findings establish a basis for further research on early social influences in the development of pain coping styles in males and females. Implications for further clinical research in this area are discussed.

  2. A community for grieving: affordances of social media for support of bereaved parents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segerstad, Ylva Hård Af; Kasperowski, Dick

    2015-04-01

    The purpose of this paper was to study bereaved parents' use of a closed peer grief support community on Facebook and the features of the community that are important to them. The death of a child is an uncomfortable subject in most contemporary societies. This limits the exploration of experiences and possibilities for coping with grief. However, with the introduction of social media, this has changed. Theoretical perspectives on parental grief recognizing the importance of continued relational bonds with the lost child are used, together with the ontological assumption that social media enhance the dissolving of private/public and time/space. This study is based on questionnaire, interviews, and content from the closed peer grief support community, to which the research team has insider access. The community encompasses a diverse range of experiences and stages of grief, independent of the time elapsed since the loss of a child. Bereavement of children of all ages and from all conceivable causes of death is distributed among the members. The results show how the affordances of social media become vital resources for coping with grief in ways not available previously, comprising aspects of the closed nature of the group, shared experiences, time, and accessibility.

  3. Social Support and Successful Aging in Assisted Living Residents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howie, Laura Odell; Troutman-Jordan, Meredith; Newman, Ann M.

    2014-01-01

    Successful aging has been associated with adequate social support. However, impaired functionality, increased dependence, multiple comorbidities, and reduced social interactions place older assisted living community (ALC) residents at risk for poorer social support and less successful aging. This cross-sectional descriptive study used the revised…

  4. [Social support and occupational stress relationship analysis of 1 413 train drivers in a railway bureau].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, G Z; Yu, S F; Zhou, W H; Wu, H; Kang, L; Chen, R

    2017-02-06

    Objective: To investigate the social support status of train drivers. Methods: Using cluster sampling, a cross-sectional study was conducted in 1 413 male train drivers (including 301 passenger train drivers, 683 freight train drivers, 85 guest scheduling train drivers, 265 cargo adjustable drivers, and 79 high-speed train drivers) from a railway bureau depot. The survey included individual factors, social support, occupational stressors, strains, personalities, and coping strategy using occupational stress instruments and effort-reward imbalance questionnaire. We compared the difference in social support scores between different drivers, who were divided according to job type and age. Additionally, the correlation between social support score and job strain-related factors was analyzed. The influence of depressive symptoms and job satisfaction were analyzed using a non-conditional logistic multivariate model. Results: The overall average age P(50) (P(25),P(75)) of 1 413 train drivers was 33.92 (27.83,43.58) years. The overall average length of service 12.25 (5.25,22.75) years. A significant difference in social support scores was observed according to job type (H=23.23, Ptrain driver (26 (22,30)), guest scheduling driver (27 (24,30)), cargo adjustable driver (26 (22,31)), and high-speed train driver (30 (26,36)) (P(50)(P(25),P(75))). Additionally, social support scores among different age groups were significantly different (H=6.64, P=0.036). The specific scores were ≤30 years (26 (22,31)), 30-40 years (27 (23,33)), and >40 years (27 (22,31)). Correlation analysis revealed that the social support score was negatively associated with job satisfaction (r=-0.43), reward (r=-0.22), working stability (r=-0.23), promotion opportunities (r=-0.12), positive affectivity (r=-0.31), esteem (r=-0.21), and self-esteem (r=-0.20) scores (PTrain drivers obtained various levels of social support. Social support greatly affected occupational stress. High social support was

  5. Individual and dyadic coping in chronic pain patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burri, Andrea; Blank Gebre, Michèle; Bodenmann, Guy

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of the current cross-sectional study was to test the associations between individual coping responses to pain, dyadic coping, and perceived social support, with a number of pain outcomes, including pain intensity, functional disability, and pain adjustment, in a sample of N = 43 patients suffering from chronic pain in Switzerland. In contrast to previous research, we were interested not only in specific pain coping but also in more general stress coping strategies and their potential influence on pain outcomes. Analyses were performed using correlation and regression analyses. “Praying and hoping” turned out to be an independent predictor of higher pain intensity and higher anxiety levels, whereas both “coping self-instructions” and “diverting attention” were associated with higher well-being, less feelings of helplessness, and less depression and anxiety. We further found a link between “focusing on and venting emotions” and “worse pain adjustment”. No significant relationship between dyadic coping and social support with any of our pain outcomes could be observed. Overall, our results indicate that individual coping strategies outweigh the effects of social support and dyadic coping on pain-related outcomes and pain adjustment. However, results need to be interpreted with caution given the small sample size. PMID:28331356

  6. [Effect of occupational stressors on coping resources of nurses in Nanchang].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Yuanmei; Fan, Guangqin; Feng, Chang; Li, Wei; Wang, Zhiming; Wang, Mianzhen; Lan, Yajia

    2010-05-01

    To study the effects of occupational stressors on coping resources of nurses. Coping resources (recreation, self-care, social support, rational coping) and occupational stressors (role overload, role insufficiency, role ambiguity, role boundary, responsibility, physical environment) were measured on 387 nurses by personal resources questionnaire (PRQ) and Occupational Role Questionnaire (ORQ) respectively. The higher the level of occupational stressors was, the lower the coping resources of nurses were (P social support was the closest (P < 0.01). Except responsibility, all items in occupational stressors were correlated negatively with coping resources. The role insufficiency and role ambiguity in occupational stressors were in a closer correlation with coping resources (P < 0.01). Decresing the levels of occupational stressors for nurses in Nanchang, especially decreasing the levels of role insufficiency and role ambiguity, would enhance the coping resources of nurses, so as to enhance their capability to relieve strain.

  7. Understanding the relationship between PTSD and social support: the role of negative network orientation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clapp, Joshua D; Gayle Beck, J

    2009-03-01

    Network orientation is conceptualized as an individual's attitudes and expectations regarding the usefulness of support networks in coping with stress. The present research examined the potential for network orientation to explicate the well documented association between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and attenuated social support. Data collected from survivors of serious motor vehicle trauma (N=458) were used to test the hypothesis that severity of PTSD would hold a significant indirect relationship with social support through negative network orientation. Childhood victimization and elapsed time from the accident were examined as potential moderators of this indirect relationship. Consistent with hypotheses, path analyses demonstrated a significant indirect relationship between PTSD and social support through negative network orientation. Specifically, this indirect effect was the result of a direct association between PTSD severity and negative network orientation and an inverse association between negative network orientation and social support. This pattern of relationships was invariant across mode of PTSD assessment (interview vs. self-report). No moderation effects were noted. These data suggest that network orientation may be an important factor in understanding interface of interpersonal processes and post-trauma pathology.

  8. Work Stress Adaptation: Roles of Gender, Social Support and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Journal for the Psychological Study of Social Issues ... the effects of gender, social support and personality (Type A and Type B) on work stress adaptation. ... One hypothesis was formulated and tested using 2×2×2 ANOVA analysis.

  9. Perceived Social Support and Students' Life Satisfaction among ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Perceived Social Support and Students' Life Satisfaction among Selected ... about the university life or new environment where they find themselves. ... to build a formidable social network that can enhance their life satisfaction and academic ...

  10. The Effects of Social Support on Work Stress and Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-08-01

    presence of other people alters initial perceptions of objective social stimuli (Lazarus, 1966; Tajfel , 1968). Thus, social support could "buffer" the...workers discriminate between people in reporting their level of support. Many workers perceive one source as supportive but not another. Supervisor

  11. Groningen Orthopaedic Social Support Scale : validity and reliability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Akker-Scheek, I.; Stevens, M.; Spriensma, A.; van Horn, J.R.

    2004-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Social support is an important factor in the rehabilitation process, as it has a positive influence on patients' health, functioning and recovery. In particular, perceived social support and instrumental support are important after total hip or knee arthroplasty. However, nursing staff o

  12. Groningen orthopaedic social support scale: Validity and reliability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Akker-Scheek, I.; Stevens, M.; Spriensma, A.; van Horn, J.R.

    2004-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Social support is an important factor in the rehabilitation process, as it has a positive influence on patients' health, functioning and recovery. In particular, perceived social support and instrumental support are important after total hip or knee arthroplasty. However, nursing staff o

  13. Great Expectations: Perceived Social Support in Couples Experiencing Cardiac Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rankin, Sally H.; Monahan, Patricia

    1991-01-01

    Compared patient and spousal perceived support during the cardiac surgery recovery period and explored effects of social support on patient/spouse subjective mood states for 117 couples. Social support buffered the impact of caregiving burden on mood disturbance for caregiving spouses but did not significantly impact physical or mental health…

  14. Communicating Social Support to Grieving Clients: The Veterinarians' View

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pilgram, Mary D.

    2010-01-01

    This exploratory study examines veterinarians' perceptions of how they offer social support to grieving clients. Because many clients cannot find the social support they would like from other sources when grieving the death of a pet, the role of the vet in offering support becomes increasingly important. The results indicate that vets perceive…

  15. Great Expectations: Perceived Social Support in Couples Experiencing Cardiac Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rankin, Sally H.; Monahan, Patricia

    1991-01-01

    Compared patient and spousal perceived support during the cardiac surgery recovery period and explored effects of social support on patient/spouse subjective mood states for 117 couples. Social support buffered the impact of caregiving burden on mood disturbance for caregiving spouses but did not significantly impact physical or mental health…

  16. Social support and performance anxiety of college music students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Erin; Chesky, Kris

    2011-09-01

    This study characterized perceived social support and performance anxiety of college music students, compared characteristics to those of non-music majors, and explored the relationships between social support and performance anxiety. Subjects (n = 609) completed a questionnaire that included demographics, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), and visual analog scale measures of performance anxiety. Results showed that music majors perceived significantly lower levels of social support from significant others when compared to non-music majors. Perceived social support was significantly correlated with measures of performance anxiety. Students with greater perceived social support reported less frequent anxiety and lower levels of impact of anxiety on ability to perform. These findings may have practical implications for schools of music and conservatories.

  17. The Role of Social Support in Mediating Stress and Depression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prashanth Talwar

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available As important as it is to fully comprehend the relationship between stress and depression among university students, it is also vital to ascertain the role of perceived social support as an essential psychosocial factor for effectively delimiting the deleterious impact of stress exposure. As such, the current study aimed to examine whether perceived social support functioned as a mediating factor in the relationship between stress and depression among university students. Data was collected from undergraduate students of a public university in Sarawak, Malaysia. Information on demographics, depression, stress and perceived social support were collated through self-report questionnaires. Results revealed significant gender differences for perceived social support, wherein female students reported lower levels of social support compared to their counterparts. Mediation analysis portrayed that the association between stress and depression was partially accounted for, by the mediating role of perceived social support.

  18. Social support for adolescents at risk of school failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richman, J M; Rosenfeld, L B; Bowen, G L

    1998-07-01

    Social support, widely studied as a variable that positively affects the adaptation of adolescents, is often less present in the lives of youths at risk of school failure. This study explores the social support of at-risk students, including who provides each of eight types of support, and the effects of particular types of social support on school performance outcomes. Results of analyses of data from students enrolled in Communities in Schools programs, indicate that parents and adult caretakers are major sources of social support for both middle and high school at-risk students. Analyses of school outcomes data indicate that particular types of social support are associated with different desirable school outcomes. The article presents implications for social work practice and the development of intervention strategies to enhance students' school performance and behavior.

  19. Perceived social support in pathological gamblers and treatment effectiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Montesinos

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Pathological gambling affects 0.4-1.5 percent of the global population. Therapy has proved effective, even though low therapeutic compliance and frequent withdrawals weakens good treatment results. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the relationship between social support, therapeutic adherence, and gambling cessation. Four aspects of social support were measured: cohabitation, patient's companion, commitment, and intervention with patient's companion, in a sample of 68 pathological gamblers. Results show a non-significant trend for social support and treatment compliance to be associated to treatment success. Seventy-six percent of high social support patients kept the treatment up to the end vis-à-vis42.1% of low social support patients. Therapeutic success shows a significant relationship to a stable couple relationship. Individuals who had stable couple relationship were twice likely to finish treatment successfully. Results suggest that social support should be considered as a critical variable in pathological gambling treatment.

  20. Social support in patients' and husbands' adjustment to breast cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Northouse, L L

    1988-01-01

    Data were obtained from 50 mastectomy patients and their husbands at 3 days and 30 days postsurgery to determine the nature of the relationship between social support and the adjustment of mastectomy patients and their husbands over time. Psychosocial adjustment was related to both patients' and husbands' levels of social support. Patients and husbands who reported higher levels of social support reported fewer adjustment difficulties at both 3 days and 30 days postsurgery. Patients and husbands differed significantly in the levels of support they perceived over time; husbands perceived less support from friends, nurses, and physicians. This study underscores the importance of assessing the support resources of both patients and husbands over time.

  1. The Yin and Yang of support from significant others: Influence of general social support and partner support of avoidance in the context of treatment for social anxiety disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rapee, Ronald M; Peters, Lorna; Carpenter, Leigh; Gaston, Jonathan E

    2015-06-01

    Support from social networks is generally considered to protect against mental disorder but in some circumstances support for negative behaviours (such as avoidance) may be counterproductive. Given the critical interplay between social anxiety disorder and social interactions, it is surprising that the relationship of support from significant others to this disorder has received so little attention. The current study evaluated the reciprocal relationships between perceived social support and perceived partner support for avoidance behaviours (avoidance support) among a sample of 131 participants with social anxiety disorder who were assessed three times within the context of a treatment outcome study. A new measure of partner support for avoidance behaviours was developed, called the Avoidance Support Measure, and showed adequate internal consistency and construct validity. Correlations at baseline showed significant negative relationships between perceived social support and social anxiety and significant positive relationships between avoidance support and social anxiety. Path analysis showed that perceived social support at Times 1 and 2 negatively predicted future social anxiety at Times 2 and 3. On the other hand, only a single predictive relationship involving avoidance support was significant and showed that social anxiety at Time 1 positively predicted avoidance support at Time 2. These early results point to the different ways that support from significant others might relate to social anxiety and suggest that further work in this area may be fruitful.

  2. The Investigation of Social Problem Solving Abilities of University Students in Terms of Perceived Social Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tras, Zeliha

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to analyze of university students' perceived social support and social problem solving. The participants were 827 (474 female and 353 male) university students. Data were collected Perceived Social Support Scale-Revised (Yildirim, 2004) and Social Problem Solving (Maydeu-Olivares and D'Zurilla, 1996)…

  3. Coworking Spaces: A Source of Social Support for Independent Professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerdenitsch, Cornelia; Scheel, Tabea E; Andorfer, Julia; Korunka, Christian

    2016-01-01

    Coworking spaces are shared office environments for independent professionals. Such spaces have been increasing rapidly throughout the world, and provide, in addition to basic business infrastructure, the opportunity for social interaction. This article explores social interaction in coworking spaces and reports the results of two studies. Study 1 (N = 69 coworkers) finds that social interaction in coworking spaces can take the form of social support. Study 2 further investigates social support among coworkers (N = 154 coworkers) and contrasts these results with those of social support among colleagues in traditional work organizations (N = 609). A moderated mediation model using time pressure and self-efficacy, based on the conservation of resources theory, is tested. Social support from both sources was positively related to performance satisfaction. Self-efficacy mediated this relationship in the employee sample, while in the coworking sample, self-efficacy only mediated the relationship between social support and performance satisfaction if time pressure was high. Thus, a mobilization of social support seems necessary in coworking spaces. We conclude that coworking spaces, as modern social work environments, should align flexible work infrastructure with well-constructed opportunities for social support.

  4. Coworking Spaces: A Source of Social Support for Independent Professionals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cornelia eGerdenitsch

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Coworking spaces are shared office environments for independent professionals. Such spaces have been increasing rapidly throughout the world, and provide, in addition to basic business infrastructure, the opportunity for social interaction. This article explores social interaction in coworking spaces and reports the results of two studies. Study 1 (N = 69 coworkers finds that social interaction in coworking spaces can take the form of social support. Study 2 further investigates social support among coworkers (N = 154 coworkers and contrasts these results with those of social support among colleagues in traditional work organizations (N = 609. A moderated mediation model using time pressure and self-efficacy, based on the conservation of resources theory, is tested. Social support from both sources was positively related to performance satisfaction. Self-efficacy mediated this relationship in the employee sample, while in the coworking sample, self-efficacy only mediated the relationship between social support and performance satisfaction if time pressure was high. Thus, a mobilization of social support seems necessary in coworking spaces. We conclude that coworking spaces, as modern social work environments, should align flexible work infrastructure with well-constructed opportunities for social support.

  5. Measuring the level of social support using latent class analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Letícia Marques; Amorim, Leila Denise A F; Santos, Darci Neves; Barreto, Maurício L

    2015-03-01

    Different instruments have been used to measure social support in epidemiological studies of which the most widely used is the Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Scale (SSS-MOS). However, these studies lack measures of the level of social support on health risks. We used latent class analysis (LCA) to distinguish subgroups with different levels of perceived social support and tested the consistency of these subgroups by their associations with the prevalence of Common Mental Disorders (CMD). This is a cross-sectional study of 1013 mothers living in the city of Salvador, Brazil in which psychosocial data were collected through home visits using the SSS-MOS and the Self Reporting Questionnaire-20. For each dimension of social support analysed here, we selected models with two classes using LCA. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to estimate the association between participants' perceived social support and the prevalence of CMD to verify the consistency of the groups defined by LCA. There was a clear difference in the reporting of perceived social support between those classified as high or low using LCA. The probability of perceiving several types of social support was lower in the subgroup classified as low level of social support (13.7-59.8%), and it was much higher in the group classified as high level of social support (84.3-98%). A greater prevalence of CMD was found among mothers with lower levels of social support. LCA seems to be a useful tool to improve measurement of perceived social support by separation into two levels in which the lower level is associated with an increased prevalence of CMD. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Individual and dyadic coping in chronic pain patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burri A

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Andrea Burri,1–3 Michèle Blank Gebre,4 Guy Bodenmann1 1Department of Psychology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland; 2Health and Rehabilitation Research Institute, Auckland University of Technology, 3Waitemata Pain Service, Department of Anaesthesia and Perioperative Medicine, North Shore Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand; 4Private Practice, Zurich, Switzerland Abstract: The purpose of the current cross-sectional study was to test the associations between individual coping responses to pain, dyadic coping, and perceived social support, with a number of pain outcomes, including pain intensity, functional disability, and pain adjustment, in a sample of N = 43 patients suffering from chronic pain in Switzerland. In contrast to previous research, we were interested not only in specific pain coping but also in more general stress coping strategies and their potential influence on pain outcomes. Analyses were performed using correlation and regression analyses. “Praying and hoping” turned out to be an independent predictor of higher pain intensity and higher anxiety levels, whereas both “coping self-instructions” and “diverting attention” were associated with higher well-being, less feelings of helplessness, and less depression and anxiety. We further found a link between “focusing on and venting emotions” and “worse pain adjustment”. No significant relationship between dyadic coping and social support with any of our pain outcomes could be observed. Overall, our results indicate that individual coping strategies outweigh the effects of social support and dyadic coping on pain-related outcomes and pain adjustment. However, results need to be interpreted with caution given the small sample size. Keywords: individual coping, dyadic coping, social support, chronic pain

  7. Association between perceived social support and anxiety in pregnant adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia J. Peter

    Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate the association between perceived social support and anxiety disorders in pregnant adolescents. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study with a sample of 871 pregnant women aged 10 to 19 years who received prenatal care in the national public health care system in the urban area of Pelotas, state of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil. We assessed perceived social support and anxiety disorders using the Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. A self-report questionnaire was used to obtain sociodemographic information. Results: The prevalence of any anxiety disorder was 13.6%. Pregnant adolescents with an anxiety disorder reported less perceived social support in all domains (affectionate, emotional, tangible, informational, and positive social interaction. Older teenagers reported lower perceived support in the emotional, informational, and positive social interaction domains, whereas those with low socioeconomic status reported lower perceived social support in the material domain. Women who did not live with a partner had less perceived social support in the affectionate and positive social interaction domains. Conclusion: Perceived social support seems to be a protective factor against anxiety disorders in pregnant adolescents, with a positive effect on mental health.

  8. Association between perceived social support and anxiety in pregnant adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peter, Patrícia J; de Mola, Christian L; de Matos, Mariana B; Coelho, Fábio M; Pinheiro, Karen A; da Silva, Ricardo A; Castelli, Rochele D; Pinheiro, Ricardo T; Quevedo, Luciana A

    2017-01-01

    To evaluate the association between perceived social support and anxiety disorders in pregnant adolescents. We conducted a cross-sectional study with a sample of 871 pregnant women aged 10 to 19 years who received prenatal care in the national public health care system in the urban area of Pelotas, state of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil. We assessed perceived social support and anxiety disorders using the Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. A self-report questionnaire was used to obtain sociodemographic information. The prevalence of any anxiety disorder was 13.6%. Pregnant adolescents with an anxiety disorder reported less perceived social support in all domains (affectionate, emotional, tangible, informational, and positive social interaction). Older teenagers reported lower perceived support in the emotional, informational, and positive social interaction domains, whereas those with low socioeconomic status reported lower perceived social support in the material domain. Women who did not live with a partner had less perceived social support in the affectionate and positive social interaction domains. Perceived social support seems to be a protective factor against anxiety disorders in pregnant adolescents, with a positive effect on mental health.

  9. The relationship between parent and student religious coping and college alcohol use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrell, Zaje A T; Powell, Kandace

    2014-06-01

    The present study examined social support and alcohol norms as mediators of the relationship between religious coping and college drinking (e.g., frequency and heavy drinking). The sample consisted of college students (n = 129) and their parents (n = 113). Religious coping (parent and student) was associated with less frequent alcohol use and less heavy drinking. Using a path model to test direct and indirect effects, the mediators were entered simultaneously and allowed to correlate with each other. Alcohol norms mediated the relationship between religious coping and drinking outcomes. Social support was not a significant mediator. Broader protective implications of religious coping are discussed.

  10. Perception of social support among family caregivers of vegetative patients: A qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noohi, Esmat; Peyrovi, Hamid; Imani Goghary, Zahra; Kazemi, Majid

    2016-04-01

    A vegetative state (VS) is the probable result after brain damage. After VS patients are discharged from the hospital, the responsibility of caring of them is transferred to their families, which impacts a caregiver's physical and psychological health. Social support as a valuable resource reduces the negative effects of stressful events. This study aimed to explore the perception of social support among family caregivers of VS patients. This study is a part of a larger qualitative study which used the descriptive and qualitative method. Purposeful and theoretical sampling was done, and data was gathered through face-to-face, in-depth interviews. The four categories of "Family, a supporter in all aspects," "Beautiful emanation of the nurse's role," "Revitalization via empathy and companionship," and "Defects in support," were extracted. The primary concern of participants was receiving social support which can facilitate caregiving and coping with difficulties, but there are many shortcomings in supporting these caregivers. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Associations Between Social Support, Social Networks, and Financial Exploitation in Older Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beach, Scott R; Schulz, Richard; Sneed, Rodlescia

    2016-04-01

    Social support and social networks are important correlates of elder mistreatment. This study tests hypothesized associations between perceived social support, social network size, and financial exploitation (FE). A population-based survey of 903 older adults (60+) in Allegheny County (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) found that lower perceived social support and larger social networks were simultaneously associated with higher risk for FE since age 60, controlling for known risk factors. The same associations were found for FE in the last 6 months. Older adults with larger social networks combined with lower perceived social support were most likely to report FE. When it comes to the role of social relationships and risk for FE, "more may not always be better." Encouragement to widen the social network by "making new friends" should be stressed less than making sure these new network members will truly be supportive of the older adult.

  12. The Relationship of Social Engagement and Social Support With Sense of Community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Fengyan; Chi, Iris; Dong, Xinqi

    2017-07-01

    We aimed to investigate the relationship of engagement in social and cognitive activities and social support with the sense of community (SOC) and its components among older Chinese Americans. The Sense of Community Index (SCI) was used to measure SOC and its four component factors: membership, influence, needs fulfillment, and emotional connection. Social engagement was assessed with 16 questions. Social support included positive support and negative strain. Principal component analysis was used to identify the SCI components. Linear regression analysis was used to detect the contribution of social engagement and social support to SOC and its components. After controlling for sociodemographics and self-rated health, social activity engagement and positive social support were positively related to SOC and its components. This study points to the importance of social activity engagement and positive support from family and friends in increasing the sense of community.

  13. Social support and child protection: Lessons learned and learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Ross A

    2015-03-01

    Social support has been a topic of research for nearly 50 years, and its applications to prevention and intervention have grown significantly, including programs advancing child protection. This article summarizes the central conclusions of the 1994 review of research on social support and the prevention of child maltreatment prepared for the U.S. Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect, and surveys advances in the field since its publication. Among the lessons learned twenty years ago are (a) the diversity of the social support needs of at-risk families and their association with child endangerment, (b) the need to supplement the emotionally affirmative aspects of social support with efforts to socialize parenting practices and monitor child well-being, (c) the desirability of integrating formal and informal sources of social support for recipients, and (d) the importance of considering the complex recipient reactions to receiving support from others. The lessons we are now learning derive from research exploring the potential of online communication to enhance social support, the neurobiology of stress and its buffering through social support, and the lessons of evaluation research that are identifying the effective ingredients of social support interventions.

  14. Association Between Perceived Social Support and Depression in Postmenopausal Women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tadayon Najafabadi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background The most common symptom in early menopausal women is depression. Depression is a type of chronic disease that impacts on postmenopausal women’s life. Social support plays a protective role for women and enables them to solve their life problems and thus, feel less depressed. Objectives We assessed depression as a chronic disease and evaluated the association between perceived social support and depression in postmenopausal women. Patients and Methods This correlation-analytic study was conducted on 321 postmenopausal women using 2-stage cluster sampling in Ahvaz in 2014. Data collecting instruments were comprised of a demographic questionnaire, a depression scale (Beck Depression Inventory-II, and a social support questionnaire (PRQ 85-Part 2. Data analysis was done using SPSS, version 20. The Spearman correlation coefficient was used to evaluate the relationship between perceived social support and depression, and the χ2 test was employed to assess the relationship between perceived social support and demographic characteristics. Results The Spearman correlation test revealed a significant reverse relationship between perceived social support and depression (r = -0.468; P = 0.001. There were significant relationships between perceived social support and some personal variables such as marital status, education level, and job status (P 0.05. Conclusions We found a reverse relationship between perceived social support and depression in postmenopausal women. Raising awareness in society apropos the relationship between social support and depression in postmenopausal women can enhance their quality of life.

  15. Possibilities of using social networks for business support

    OpenAIRE

    Prikrylová, Kateřina

    2011-01-01

    This bachelor thesis entitled: "Possibilities of using social networks for business support" is focused on social networks and aims to generalize the area of social networks and acquaint the reader with their use in business. This thesis is divided into theoretical and practical part. The theoretical part deals with the origin, development and characterization of social networks. It also provides practical information on how to use social networks in the Czech marketing. The thesis is supplem...

  16. Perceived stress and physio-psycho-social status of nursing students during their initial period of clinical practice: the effect of coping behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheu, Sheila; Lin, Huey Shyan; Hwang, Shiow Li

    2002-02-01

    Initial clinical practice is stressful. Nursing students entering clinical practice for the first time in a five-year associate degree program in Taiwan are young and have questionable coping skills, all of which can affect their own health. This study examined the following: (1) the degree of stress perceived and types of stressful events; (2) the physio-psycho-social status of nursing students during the practice; (3) the coping behaviors of these students; and (4) the effect of different coping behaviors on their physio-psycho-social health. The subjects were 561 nursing students who had completed their initial clinical practice at the largest nursing school in Taiwan. Three measurements, including Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Physio-Psycho-Social Response Scale (PPSRS), and Coping Behavior Inventory (CBI), were adopted. Results showed that stress for these students came mainly from the lack of professional knowledge and skills as well as caring of patients. The most common response to stress was social behavioral symptoms. Staying optimistic had a positive main effect, which reduced the occurrence of physio-psycho-social symptoms and improved physio-psycho-social status. Finally, problem-solving behavior also had a positive main effect, while avoidance had a negative main effect, which deteriorated physio-psycho-social status. This study has important implications for nursing educators in helping their students to overcome stress during clinical practice.

  17. Life satisfaction and social support received by women in the perinatal period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gebuza, Grażyna; Kaźmierczak, Marzena; Mieczkowska, Estera; Gierszewska, Małgorzata; Kotzbach, Roman

    2014-01-01

    Birth of a baby has a big impact on women's lives. The presence and help of loved ones favours wellbeing, health, coping with difficult situations. The aim of this study was to determine whether women's satisfaction with life changes during pregnancy and after delivery, and to identify correlates of life satisfaction. Life satisfaction was measured using The Satisfaction with Life Scale - SWLS and received social support was assessed using the Berlin Social Support Scales - BSSS. The study was conducted in the third trimester of pregnancy and during the postpartum period, before discharge from the hospital. The research sample included a total of 199 women in the third trimester of pregnancy and 188 of initially participating women, who had physiological births or caesarean sections. The results clearly show a significant increase in life satisfaction in the postpartum period (p life satisfaction in the third trimester of pregnancy is social support received (p life satisfaction and received social support seem to be needed to gain a full picture of women's situation during birth, which will allow for planning and implementing maternity care appropriate to the needs of women.

  18. Face it, don't Facebook it: Impacts of Social Media Addiction on Mindfulness, Coping Strategies and the Consequence on Emotional Exhaustion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sriwilai, Kanokporn; Charoensukmongkol, Peerayuth

    2016-10-01

    Addiction to social media has now become a problem that societies are concerned with. The aim of the present study is to investigate the impacts that social media addiction has on mindfulness and choice of coping strategy, as well as to explore the consequences on emotional exhaustion. The survey data were collected from 211 employees in 13 enterprises in Thailand. Results from partial least square structural equation modelling revealed that people who are highly addicted to social media tended to have lower mindfulness and tended to use emotion-focused coping to deal with stress. Lack of mindfulness and the decision to use emotion-coping strategy are also subsequently associated with higher emotional exhaustion. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  19. Social networks, social support mechanisms, and quality of life after breast cancer diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kroenke, Candyce H; Kwan, Marilyn L; Neugut, Alfred I; Ergas, Isaac J; Wright, Jaime D; Caan, Bette J; Hershman, Dawn; Kushi, Lawrence H

    2013-06-01

    We examined mechanisms through which social relationships influence quality of life (QOL) in breast cancer survivors. This study included 3,139 women from the Pathways Study who were diagnosed with breast cancer from 2006 to 2011 and provided data on social networks (the presence of a spouse or intimate partner, religious/social ties, volunteering, and numbers of close friends and relatives), social support (tangible support, emotional/informational support, affection, positive social interaction), and QOL, measured by the FACT-B, approximately 2 months post diagnosis. We used logistic models to evaluate associations between social network size, social support, and lower versus higher than median QOL scores. We further stratified by stage at diagnosis and treatment. In multivariate-adjusted analyses, women who were characterized as socially isolated had significantly lower FACT-B (OR = 2.18, 95 % CI: 1.72-2.77), physical well-being (WB) (OR = 1.61, 95 % CI: 1.27-2.03), functional WB (OR = 2.08, 95 % CI: 1.65-2.63), social WB (OR = 3.46, 95 % CI: 2.73-4.39), and emotional WB (OR = 1.67, 95 % CI: 1.33-2.11) scores and higher breast cancer symptoms (OR = 1.48, 95 % CI: 1.18-1.87) compared with socially integrated women. Each social network member independently predicted higher QOL. Simultaneous adjustment for social networks and social support partially attenuated associations between social networks and QOL. The strongest mediator and type of social support that was most predictive of QOL outcomes was "positive social interaction." However, each type of support was important depending on outcome, stage, and treatment status. Larger social networks and greater social support were related to higher QOL after a diagnosis of breast cancer. Effective social support interventions need to evolve beyond social-emotional interventions and need to account for disease severity and treatment status.

  20. Outcomes of social support programs in brain cancer survivors in an Australian community cohort: a prospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khan F

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the impact of social support programs on improving cancer related disability, neuro-cognitive dysfunction and enhancing participation (quality of life (QoL, social reintegration in brain tumour (BT survivors. Participants (n=43 were recruited prospectively following definitive treatment in the community. Each BT survivor received an individualised social support program which comprised: face-to-face interview for education/counselling plus peer support program or community education/counselling sessions. The assessments were at baseline (T1, 6-week (T2 and 6-month (T3 post-intervention using validated questionnaires: depression anxiety stress scale (DASS, functional independence measure (FIM, perceived impact problem profile (PIPP, cancer rehabilitation evaluation system–short form (CARES-SF, a cancer survivor unmet needs measure (CaSUN, McGill quality of life questionnaire (MQOL and Brief COPE. Participants’ mean age was 53 years (range 31–72 years, the majority were female (72%; median time since BT diagnosis was 2.3 years and almost half (47% had high grade tumours. At T2, participants reported higher emotional well-being (DASS ‘anxiety’ and ‘stress’ subscales, p<0.05; FIM ‘cognition’ subscale, p<0.01, improved function (FIM ‘motor’ subscale, p<0.01 and higher QoL (CARES-SF ‘global’ score, p<0.05; MQOL ‘physical symptom’ subscale, p<0.05. At the T3 follow-up, most of these effects were maintained. The intervention effect for BT specific coping strategies emerged for the Brief COPE ‘self-distraction’ and ‘behavioural disengagement’ domains, (p<0.05 for both. There were no adverse effects reported. A post-treatment social support program can improve physical and cognitive function and enhancing overall QoL of BT survivors. Social support programs need further evaluation and should be encouraged by clinicians within cancer rehabilitative services.

  1. Grandparents as a source of social support

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geckova, Andrea; Simova, E.; van Dijk, J.P.

    2003-01-01

    The importance of grandparents in life of their grandchildren is generally accepted but only very rarely also studied as a problem. The representation of grandparents in the social network of their adolescent grandchildren and the relations of incorporation of grandparents into the social network

  2. Grandparents as a source of social support

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geckova, Andrea; Simova, E.; van Dijk, J.P.

    2003-01-01

    The importance of grandparents in life of their grandchildren is generally accepted but only very rarely also studied as a problem. The representation of grandparents in the social network of their adolescent grandchildren and the relations of incorporation of grandparents into the social network an

  3. Kønsforskelle i studerendes sociale relationer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bak, Nanna Hasle; Petersson, Birgit H; Dissing, Nete;

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study is to study gender differences in social network and social support among university students with a special view to social relations as a coping strategy for dealing with personal problems.......The aim of this study is to study gender differences in social network and social support among university students with a special view to social relations as a coping strategy for dealing with personal problems....

  4. Overprotective social support leads to increased cardiovascular and subjective stress reactivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zniva, Richard; Pauli, Paul; Schulz, Stefan M

    2017-02-01

    Self-determination theory suggests that autonomy-enhancing social support helps individuals to perceive stressors as challenging rather than stressing. Overprotective support may reduce stress in the short-run but undermines autonomy, thus hampering stress-coping in the long run, particularly when social support is terminated. Heartrate, blood-pressure and ratings were examined in N=44 undergraduate students receiving autonomy support (calculation steps) or overprotection (solutions) from a close friend or no support for solving arithmetic tasks as well as during a subsequent stress-challenge (solving arithmetic tasks alone). Overprotection resulted in increased heartrate, diastolic blood-pressure, stress ratings, and decreased subjective control during stress-challenge. Autonomy support did not lead to unfavorable stress responding. The current findings are in line with assumptions derived from self-determination theory and indicate that autonomy support can help to prevent stress. Overprotection does not buffer stress and is associated with increased stress when discontinued. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. The relationship between social capital, social support and the adequate use of prenatal care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leal, Maria do Carmo; Pereira, Ana Paula Esteves; Lamarca, Gabriela de Almeida; Vettore, Mario Vianna

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the relationship between social capital and social support and the adequate use of prenatal care. A follow-up study involving 1,485 pregnant women was conducted in two cities in the Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, social support and social capital data were collected during the first trimester of pregnancy. The post-partum period included information on levels of prenatal care utilization, social networks, parity, obstetric and gestational risk and prenatal care attendance. Hierarchized multinomial logistic regression was used in the statistical analysis. Prenatal care use above adequate levels was associated with high social capital at the city level (aggregated social capital), socioeconomic status and working during pregnancy. Lower non-aggregated contextual and compositional social capital, gestational risk and pattern of prenatal care were associated with inadequate prenatal care utilization. Contextual social capital and social support were found to be social determinants for the appropriate use of prenatal care.

  6. Coping with different roles in intensive care nursing : design implications for digital support

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Melles, Marijke; Freudenthal, Adinda; Bouwman, Addie; Snijders, Chris; de Ridder, Huib

    2010-01-01

    Objectives The aim of this study is to arrive at design implications for the digital support of intensive care nurses, with a focus on supporting them in their roles as practitioners, as scholars and in their human response to their work. Methods Seventeen nurses from six different Dutch hospitals w

  7. The Social Support Act: the story so far

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mirjam de Klerk; Rob Gilsing; Joost Timmermans

    2010-01-01

    Original title: Op weg met de Wmo. The Social Support Act (Wet maatschappelijke ondersteuning - Wmo) came into force in the Netherlands on 1 January 2007. The aim of the Act is to promote people's social and life skills and ability to participate, and to strengthen social cohesion and quality of li

  8. Predictors of coping in parents of children with an intellectual disability: comparison between Lebanese mothers and fathers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azar, Mathilde; Badr, Lina Kurdahi

    2010-02-01

    This cross-sectional study was designed to assess the predictors of coping behaviors of 147 Lebanese parents (101 mothers and 46 fathers) with a child with intellectual disability. It assessed the contribution of child's and parent's characteristics, informal social support, and stress on the coping behaviors of fathers and mothers. Multiple regression analysis confirmed that the father's education, informal social support, and stress were the best predictors of coping. The child's age, severity of illness, and parental health did not significantly contribute to predicting coping behaviors. Contrary to expectations in a Middle Eastern culture, both fathers and mothers reported similar levels of stress, perceived informal social support, and coping. Although informal social support cannot be forced on parents, health professionals can mobilize resources that are culturally sensitive, such as home visitation by nurses or support from other parents. This may especially be beneficial in developing countries with limited resources.

  9. Parental coping in the context of having a child who is facing death: A theoretical framework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darlington, Anne-Sophie E; Korones, David N; Norton, Sally A

    2017-07-13

    While improvements in healthcare have resulted in children with complex and life-threatening conditions living longer, a proportion of them still die. The death of a child puts parents at increased risk for anxiety, depression, and complicated grief. Increasing our understanding of the coping strategies that parents use under such extreme circumstances will enable us to best provide support to families, before and after a child's death. Our aim herein was to develop a theoretical framework of parental coping. Evidence from the literature was employed to develop a theoretical framework to describe parental coping in the context of having a child with a life-limiting illness who is declining and facing eventual death. The reasoning and argument consists of three guiding elements: (1) the importance of approach as well as avoidance (as coping strategies) in the context of managing the extreme emotions; (2) the importance of the social aspect of coping within a family, whereby parents cope for others as well as for themselves; and (3) the importance of a flexible and balanced coping profile, with parents using different coping strategies simultaneously. Central to the proposed framework is that effective coping, in terms of adjustment, is achieved by balancing coping strategies: accessing different coping strategies simultaneously or in parallel with a specific focus on (1) approach and avoidance and (2) coping aimed at self and others. Understanding of parental coping strategies is essential for health professionals in order to support parents effectively.

  10. Social Knowledge Awareness Map for Computer Supported Ubiquitous Learning Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Bishouty, Moushir M.; Ogata, Hiroaki; Rahman, Samia; Yano, Yoneo

    2010-01-01

    Social networks are helpful for people to solve problems by providing useful information. Therefore, the importance of mobile social software for learning has been supported by many researches. In this research, a model of personalized collaborative ubiquitous learning environment is designed and implemented in order to support learners doing…

  11. Parenting Beliefs, Parental Stress, and Social Support Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Respler-Herman, Melissa; Mowder, Barbara A.; Yasik, Anastasia E.; Shamah, Renee

    2012-01-01

    The present study built on prior research by examining the relationship of parental stress and social support to parenting beliefs and behaviors. A sample of 87 parents provided their views concerning the importance of parenting characteristics as well as their level of parental stress and perceived social support. These parents completed the…

  12. Social Support and Stress among University Students in Jordan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamdan-Mansour, Ayman M.; Dawani, Hania A.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between perception of social support and perceived stress among university students in Jordan. A sample of 241 university students from private and government universities in Jordan answered self-report questionnaires including the perceived social support scale and perceived stress scale.…

  13. Social Support Questionnaire for Children: Development and Initial Validation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon-Hollingsworth, Arlene T.; Thompson, Julia E.; Geary, Meghan A.; Schexnaildre, Mark A.; Lai, Betty S.; Kelley, Mary Lou

    2016-01-01

    The Social Support Questionnaire for Children (SSQC) is a 50-item scale that assesses children's social support from parents, relatives, nonrelative adults, siblings, and peers. The SSQC demonstrates good psychometric properties (e.g., internal consistency, factorial validity). Furthermore, the SSQC appears to be an ethnically sensitive measure of…

  14. Social Support and Stress among University Students in Jordan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamdan-Mansour, Ayman M.; Dawani, Hania A.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between perception of social support and perceived stress among university students in Jordan. A sample of 241 university students from private and government universities in Jordan answered self-report questionnaires including the perceived social support scale and perceived stress scale.…

  15. Social Knowledge Awareness Map for Computer Supported Ubiquitous Learning Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Bishouty, Moushir M.; Ogata, Hiroaki; Rahman, Samia; Yano, Yoneo

    2010-01-01

    Social networks are helpful for people to solve problems by providing useful information. Therefore, the importance of mobile social software for learning has been supported by many researches. In this research, a model of personalized collaborative ubiquitous learning environment is designed and implemented in order to support learners doing…

  16. Social Support Seeking and Early Adolescent Depression and Anxiety Symptoms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vélez, Clorinda E.; Krause, Elizabeth D.; McKinnon, Allison; Brunwasser, Steven M.; Freres, Derek R.; Abenavoli, Rachel M.; Gillham, Jane E.

    2016-01-01

    This study examined how social support seeking and rumination interacted to predict depression and anxiety symptoms 6 months later in early adolescents (N = 118; 11-14 years at baseline). We expected social support seeking would be more helpful for adolescents engaging in low rather than high levels of rumination. Adolescents self-reported on all…

  17. Social Support Seeking and Early Adolescent Depression and Anxiety Symptoms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vélez, Clorinda E.; Krause, Elizabeth D.; McKinnon, Allison; Brunwasser, Steven M.; Freres, Derek R.; Abenavoli, Rachel M.; Gillham, Jane E.

    2016-01-01

    This study examined how social support seeking and rumination interacted to predict depression and anxiety symptoms 6 months later in early adolescents (N = 118; 11-14 years at baseline). We expected social support seeking would be more helpful for adolescents engaging in low rather than high levels of rumination. Adolescents self-reported on all…

  18. Employment Status, Social Support, and Life Satisfaction among the Elderly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aquino, Juan A.; And Others

    1996-01-01

    Examined the role of stressful life experiences and social support in the health of 292 community-living elderly. Findings suggest that the number of hours worked at a paying job, lower levels of depression, and greater perceived social support were directly related to higher levels of life satisfaction. (RJM)

  19. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Motivation, Social Support, Alienation from the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Key words: Sex, achiever levels, motivation, social support, alienation from the school, ... Social Support is present in classes where the teacher ... men are more or less the same (Umberson, ..... achievement, achiever levels and sex interact. Table 8: Analysis of variance for mathematics achievement as a function of sex and.

  20. Social Support and Parental Adjustment to Pediatric Cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrow, Gary R.; And Others

    1981-01-01

    Assessed the psychosocial adjustment of (N=107) parents whose children had cancer. Different patterns of association between 11 sources of social support and adjustment were found among groups of parents. Psychosocial adjustment of parents with a child in treatment was correlated more frequently with perceived social support. (Author)

  1. Experience of Social Support among Working Mothers: A Concept Map

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phang, A. Young; Lee, Ki-Hak

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to identify, categorize, and provide a model for the understanding of social support among Korean working mothers. The participants were interviewed and asked what kind of social support they received that allowed them to maintain work and family life. Using multidimensional scaling and hierarchical clustering analysis…

  2. Perceived social support among people with physical disability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Setareh Forouzan, Ameneh; Mahmoodi, Abolfazl; Jorjoran Shushtari, Zahra; Salimi, Yahya; Sajjadi, Homeira; Mahmoodi, Zohreh

    2013-08-01

    Disability is more based on social, rather than medical aspects. Lack of attention and social support may impact on participation of people with physical disability in various aspects and their return to normal life in the society. This study was conducted to determine perceived social support and related factors among physically disabled in the city of Tehran. This cross-sectional study by using simple random sampling was conducted on 136 people with physically disabled who were covered by Welfare Organization of Tehran. The Norbeck social support questionnaire was used .Multiple linear regression analysis with the backward method was used to identify the adjusted association between perceived social support as dependent variable and demographic variables as independent variables. The present sample comprised of 68 (50%) male and 68 (50%) female with the mean age of 33 (SD = 8.9) years. Based on the results, mean of functional support was 135. 57 (SD = 98.77) and mean of structural support was 77.37 (SD = 52.37). Regression analysis model, demonstrates that variables of age and marital status remained in the model as significant predictors of functional support (P = 0.003, P = 0.004, respectively) and structural support (P = 0.002, P = 0.006, respectively). Based on the results, participants in the study didn't have favorable status with respect to perceived social support (in all dimensions) from their social network members. While, social support as one of the social determinants of health, plays an important role in improving psychological conditions in people's lives; therefore, being aware of social support and designing effective interventions to improve it for the disabled is very important.

  3. The meaning of social support for the critically ill patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hupcey, J E

    2001-08-01

    Social support has been shown to be important for the critically ill patient. However, what constitutes adequate support for these patients has not been investigated. Thus, the purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate patients' perceptions of their need for and adequacy of the social support received while they were critically ill. Thirty adult patients who were critical during some point of their stay in the intensive care unit (ICU) stay were interviewed, once stable. Interviews were tape-recorded and began with an open-ended question regarding the ICU experience. This was followed by open-ended focused questions regarding social support, such as 'Who were your greatest sources of social support while you were critically ill?' 'What did they do that was supportive or unsupportive?' Data were analyzed according to Miles and Huberman (1994). The categories that emerged were need for social support based on patient perceptions (not number of visitors), quality of support (based on perceptions of positive and negative behaviors of supporters) and lack of support. This study found that quality of support was more important than the actual number of visitors. Patients with few visitors may have felt supported, while those with numerous visitors felt unsupported. Patients who felt unsupported also were more critical of the staff and the care they received. Nurses need to individually assess patients regarding their need for support, and assist family/friends to meet these needs.

  4. Understanding coping strategies among people living with scleroderma: a focus group study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gumuchian, Stephanie T; Peláez, Sandra; Delisle, Vanessa C; Carrier, Marie-Eve; Jewett, Lisa R; El-Baalbaki, Ghassan; Fortune, Catherine; Hudson, Marie; Körner, Annett; Kwakkenbos, Linda; Bartlett, Susan J; Thombs, Brett D

    2017-08-17

    Systemic sclerosis or scleroderma is a chronic, rare connective tissue disease with negative physical and psychological implications. Coping strategies used by scleroderma patients have not been studied in-depth. The objective of the present study was to gain a greater understanding of the coping strategies employed by people living with scleroderma. Three semi-structured focus group discussions were conducted with a total of 22 people with scleroderma. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using content analysis. Coping strategies discussed were analyzed through Lazarus and Folkman's theoretical model of coping, including: (1) problem-focused, (2) emotion-focused, and (3) meaning-focused coping. Participants reported using a combination of problem-focused (e.g., professional help; seeking disease-related information), emotion-focused (e.g., social support; adaptive distraction techniques), and meaning-focused coping strategies (e.g., benefit finding; goal reappraisal) to help them to cope with and manage their disease. However, many patients reported having difficulty in accessing support services. Scleroderma patients use similar coping strategies as patients with more common diseases, but they may not have access to the same level of support services. Accessible interventions, including self-management programs, aimed at improving problem- and emotion-focused coping are needed. Further, increased access to support groups may provide patients with opportunities to obtain social support and enhance coping.

  5. Fight, Flight or Freeze: Common Responses for Follower Coping with Toxic Leadership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webster, Vicki; Brough, Paula; Daly, Kathleen

    2016-10-01

    Sustained destructive leadership behaviours are associated with negative outcomes that produce serious workplace problems, yet there is scant research into how followers effectively cope with toxic leader behaviours. Despite numerous attempts to develop typologies of coping behaviours, there remains much to learn, especially in relation to this specific workplace stressor. This mixed method research investigates the coping strategies reported by 76 followers to cope with the psychological, emotional and physical consequences of their leader's adverse behaviour. Coping instances were categorized using two existing theoretical coping frameworks, and the ability of these frameworks to explain responses to real-world experiences with toxic leadership are discussed. Common coping strategies reported included assertively challenging the leader, seeking social support, ruminating, taking leave and leaving the organization. Organizational interventions to increase effectiveness of follower coping with the impact of toxic leadership are also discussed. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  6. Assessed and Experimentally Provided Social Support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-10-18

    social skills training. In J. D. Wine & M. D. Srnye Sjjj Compatence New York: Guilford Press, 1981, 261-286. Bowlby , John . Attachment &d k , Vol. I...Attachment. New York: Basic Books, 1969. Bowlby , John . Attachmen d A Lass , Vol. 3 Loss: Sadness and Depression. New York, Basic Books, 1980. Friedman, M.J...Developmental and social psychological theories have stimulated much of this work. One of the most 2 influential theorists bas been John Boviby, whose ideas

  7. Social Support, Family Functioning and Parenting Competence in Adolescent Parents

    OpenAIRE

    Angley, Meghan; Divney, Anna; Magriples, Urania; Kershaw, Trace

    2015-01-01

    Depression is known to mediate the association between low social support and parenting competence in adult mothers, but this relationship is rarely assessed in adolescent mothers and fathers. The primary aim of this study was to identify the association between social support, family functioning and social capital on parenting competence, including self-efficacy and satisfaction in adolescent mothers and their partners. Secondary aims included identifying potential partner effects (e.g. whet...

  8. Perceived social support among students of medical sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamani-Alavijeh, Freshteh; Dehkordi, Fatemeh Raeesi; Shahry, Parvin

    2017-06-01

    Social support is emotional and instrumental assistance from family, friends or neighbors, and has an important but different impact on individuals, mainly depending on contextual factors. To determine the status of perceived social support and related personal and family characteristics of medical sciences students in Ahvaz, Iran. In this cross-sectional study, the target population included the students of Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences in the second semester of 2013-2014, of whom 763 were selected by cluster random sampling method. The study tool was a two-part questionnaire containing 48 self-administered questions including 25 questions of measurements of personal and family characteristics and a Persian modified version of Vaux's social support scale (Cronbach's α=0.745). Data were analyzed with T test, ANOVA and chi-square and using SPSS version 16 and 0.05 was considered as the level of significance. The mean score of the perceived social support was 17.06±3.6 and 60.3% of them reported low social support. There was a significant relationship among the perceived social support and sex (p=0.02), faculty (psocial support and importance of social support in reducing stress and academic failure, the planners need to provide efficient supportive interventions for students.

  9. Familialism, social support, and stress: positive implications for pregnant Latinas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campos, Belinda; Schetter, Christine Dunkel; Abdou, Cleopatra M; Hobel, Calvin J; Glynn, Laura M; Sandman, Curt A

    2008-04-01

    This study examined the association of familialism, a cultural value that emphasizes close family relationships, with social support, stress, pregnancy anxiety, and infant birth weight. Foreign-born Latina (n = 31), U.S.-born Latina (n = 68), and European American (n = 166) women living in the United States participated in a prospective study of pregnancy in which they completed measures of familialism, social support, stress, and pregnancy anxiety during their second trimester. As expected, Latinas scored higher on familialism than European Americans. Familialism was positively correlated with social support and negatively correlated with stress and pregnancy anxiety in the overall sample. As predicted, however, the associations of familialism with social support and stress were significantly stronger among Latinas than European Americans. Moreover, higher social support was associated with higher infant birth weight among foreign-born Latinas only. Implications of cultural values for relationships and health are discussed.

  10. Social determinants of older adults' awareness of community support services in Hamilton, Ontario.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tindale, J; Denton, M; Ploeg, J; Lillie, J; Hutchison, B; Brazil, K; Akhtar-Danesh, N; Plenderleith, J

    2011-11-01

    Community support services (CSSs) have been developed in Canada and other Western nations to enable persons coping with health or social issues to continue to live in the community. This study addresses the extent to which awareness of CSSs is structured by the social determinants of health. In a telephone interview conducted in February-March 2006, 1152 community-dwelling older adults (response rate 12.4%) from Hamilton, Ontario, Canada were made to read a series of four vignettes and were asked whether they were able to identify a CSS they may turn to in that situation. Across the four vignettes, 40% of participants did name a CSS as a possible source of assistance. Logistic regression was used to determine factors related to awareness of CSSs. Respondents most likely to have awareness of CSS include the middle-aged and higher-income groups. Being knowledgeable about where to look for information about CSSs, having social support and being a member of a club or voluntary organisations are also significant predictors of awareness of CSSs. Study results suggest that efforts be made to improve the level of awareness and access to CSSs among older adults by targeting their social networks as well as their health and social care providers.

  11. Social care and support needs of community-dwelling people with dementia and concurrent visual impairment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nyman, Samuel Robert; Innes, Anthea; Heward, Michelle

    2017-09-01

    This study explored the social care and support needs of people with dementia and visual impairment, and the barriers and facilitators for meeting these needs. Twenty-six semi-structured interviews were conducted: 21 joint and 5 individual interviews with the person with dementia and visual impairment (n=4) or their family/paid carer (n=1). Interviews were analysed thematically. Three themes are presented. (1) Social care needs: having dementia can reduce an individual's ability to cope with their visual impairment, and lead to increased dependency and reduced daily stimulation. (2) Barriers to using technology to meet social care needs: difficulties were reported with learning to use unfamiliar technology and the cost of visual impairment aids, and for some, the presence of dementia made visual impairment aids unusable and vice versa. (3) Familiarity as a facilitator for meeting social care needs: living at home or taking furnishings and ornaments into a new home facilitated independence, and continuity of paid carers/volunteers facilitated the caring relationship between the individual and staff/volunteer. Care workers will better serve older people if they are aware of the social care and support needs that arise from having both dementia and visual impairment.

  12. Fibromyalgia, Spirituality, Coping and Quality of Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biccheri, Eliane; Roussiau, Nicolas; Mambet-Doué, Constance

    2016-08-01

    The aim of this study is to identify the impact of spirituality on coping strategies and on the quality of life of fibromyalgia patients. The study was carried out on 590 people suffering from fibromyalgia. The data were collected with the French version of the WCC-R (The Ways of Coping Checklist: Cousson et al. 1996), the questionnaire of spirituality (Evaluation de La Spiritualité: Renard and Roussiau, 2016) and Diener's Satisfaction with Life Scale questionnaire, translated into French (Blais et al. 1989). An analysis carried out with the software SPSS and Hayes' models showed that both problem-focused coping and coping through social support seeking are mediating variables that enable an indirect link between spirituality and quality of life.

  13. The Effects of General Social Support and Social Support for Racial Discrimination on African American Women's Well-Being.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seawell, Asani H; Cutrona, Carolyn E; Russell, Daniel W

    2014-02-01

    The present longitudinal study examined the role of general and tailored social support in mitigating the deleterious impact of racial discrimination on depressive symptoms and optimism in a large sample of African American women. Participants were 590 African American women who completed measures assessing racial discrimination, general social support, tailored social support for racial discrimination, depressive symptoms, and optimism at two time points (2001-2002 and 2003-2004). Our results indicated that higher levels of general and tailored social support predicted optimism one year later; changes in both types of support also predicted changes in optimism over time. Although initial levels of neither measure of social support predicted depressive symptoms over time, changes in tailored support predicted changes in depressive symptoms. We also sought to determine whether general and tailored social support "buffer" or diminish the negative effects of racial discrimination on depressive symptoms and optimism. Our results revealed a classic buffering effect of tailored social support, but not general support on depressive symptoms for women experiencing high levels of discrimination.

  14. Proactive coping and gambling disorder among young men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sleczka, Pawel; Braun, Barbara; Grüne, Bettina; Bühringer, Gerhard; Kraus, Ludwig

    2016-12-01

    Objectives Male sex, young age, and frequent gambling are considered as risk factors for gambling disorder (GD) and stress might be one of the triggers of gambling behavior among problem gamblers. Conversely, well-developed coping with stress might counteract gambling problems. The Proactive Coping Theory provides a promising approach for the further development of preventive and treatment measures. The objective of the study was to investigate different facets of proactive coping (PC) in young male gamblers. Methods Young men from Bavaria were recruited via the Munich citizens' registry (n = 2,588) and Facebook invitations (n = 105). In total, 173 out of 398 individuals were positively screened for frequent gambling and/or signs of related problems and completed the baseline questionnaire of the Munich Leisure-time Study. Factors investigated include gambling problems, PC, impulsiveness, social support, and psychological distress. Results Gambling problems were associated with lower levels of preventive coping as well as of adaptive reaction delay. The associations were also significant when controlled for impulsiveness and general psychological distress. Preventive coping moderated the association between social support and gambling problems. Discussion and conclusions Young men with gambling problems less frequently prevent the occurrence of stressors and more often react hasty when these occur. While the investigated group reported good social support, this factor was negatively associated with GD only among individuals with good preventive coping. Preventive coping poses a useful construct for selective prevention and treatment as it can be modified in professional interventions.

  15. [Resilience in Individuals with Gender Dysphoria: Association with Perceived Social Support and Discrimination].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Başar, Koray; Öz, Gökhan

    2016-01-01

    Psychological distress associated with discrimination is proposed to have an indirect effect on the development of mental disorders, through its negative influence on individual's cognitive, affective and social coping strategies. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between resilience, perceived social support, and perceived discrimination in individuals with gender dysphoria. Individuals with gender dysphoria were assessed with Turkish validated forms of Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA), Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), Perceived Discrimination Scale (PDS), and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Diagnoses of mental disorders, history of suicide attempt and non-suicidal self injury were assessed with clinical interviews. Self-report forms were used to obtain demographic information and gender transition related features. Participants' (n=116, 88 trans men) median age was 25. Significantly low RSA scores, indicating poor resilience, were obtained in participants with lifetime (59.5 %) and present (27.6 %) diagnosis of any mental disorder, history of suicide attempt (23.3 %). There was significant direct correlation between RSA and MSPSS scores, inverse correlation with BDI and personal PDS scores, but not with group PDS. Regression analysis revealed that only friends domain score in MSPSS predicted better resilience, whereas personal perceived discrimination score predicted poor resilience. Findings support the association between poor resilience and vulnerability to mental and behavioral problems in individuals with gender dysphoria. The associations reveal the significance of addressing discrimination and assisting individuals with gender dysphoria in developing strategies to obtain peer support in providing mental health services.

  16. Personality predicts perceived availability of social support and satisfaction with social support in women with early stage breast cancer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B.L. den Oudsten; G.L. van Heck; A.F.W. van der Steeg; J.A. Roukema; J. de Vries

    2010-01-01

    This study examines the relationships between personality, on the one hand, and perceived availability of social support (PASS) and satisfaction with received social support (SRSS), on the other hand, in women with early stage breast cancer (BC). In addition, this study examined whether a stressful

  17. Factors Related to Social Support in Neurological and Mental Disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamenov, Kaloyan; Cabello, Maria; Caballero, Francisco Félix; Cieza, Alarcos; Sabariego, Carla; Raggi, Alberto; Anczewska, Marta; Pitkänen, Tuuli; Ayuso-Mateos, Jose Luis

    2016-01-01

    Despite the huge body of research on social support, literature has been primarily focused on its beneficial role for both physical and mental health. It is still unclear why people with mental and neurological disorders experience low levels of social support. The main objective of this study was to explore what are the strongest factors related to social support and how do they interact with each other in neuropsychiatric disorders. The study used cross-sectional data from 722 persons suffering from dementia, depression, epilepsy, migraine, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, stroke, and substance use disorders. Multiple linear regressions showed that disability was the strongest factor for social support. Extraversion and agreeableness were significant personality variables, but when the interaction terms between personality traits and disability were included, disability remained the only significant variable. Moreover, level of disability mediated the relationship between personality (extraversion and agreeableness) and level of social support. Moderation analysis revealed that people that had mental disorders experienced lower levels of support when being highly disabled compared to people with neurological disorders. Unlike previous literature, focused on increasing social support as the origin of improving disability, this study suggested that interventions improving day-to-day functioning or maladaptive personality styles might also have an effect on the way people perceive social support. Future longitudinal research, however, is warranted to explore causality.

  18. Factors Related to Social Support in Neurological and Mental Disorders.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaloyan Kamenov

    Full Text Available Despite the huge body of research on social support, literature has been primarily focused on its beneficial role for both physical and mental health. It is still unclear why people with mental and neurological disorders experience low levels of social support. The main objective of this study was to explore what are the strongest factors related to social support and how do they interact with each other in neuropsychiatric disorders. The study used cross-sectional data from 722 persons suffering from dementia, depression, epilepsy, migraine, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, stroke, and substance use disorders. Multiple linear regressions showed that disability was the strongest factor for social support. Extraversion and agreeableness were significant personality variables, but when the interaction terms between personality traits and disability were included, disability remained the only significant variable. Moreover, level of disability mediated the relationship between personality (extraversion and agreeableness and level of social support. Moderation analysis revealed that people that had mental disorders experienced lower levels of support when being highly disabled compared to people with neurological disorders. Unlike previous literature, focused on increasing social support as the origin of improving disability, this study suggested that interventions improving day-to-day functioning or maladaptive personality styles might also have an effect on the way people perceive social support. Future longitudinal research, however, is warranted to explore causality.

  19. Social support in type II diabetes care: a case of too little, too late

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sadasivan S

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Amudha Kadirvelu, Sivalal Sadasivan, Shu Hui NgSchool of Medicine and Health Sciences, Monash University Sunway Campus, Selangor, MalaysiaAbstract: Coping with type II diabetic patients is increasingly posing large financial burdens, sorely felt especially by growing economies. Self-management has been found to be an effective approach towards maintaining good control in diabetics. However, although efforts at implementing self-management have had initial success, there has been a lack of sustainability. This review examines the different components impinging on self-care among type II diabetic patients. These include the critical role of social support, the need for support from health care providers, the value of support from family and friends, the influence of sex and cultural factors in self-care behavior, the benefits of peer support, and the role of literacy in diabetes self-care. Despite the mounting evidence for the effectiveness of social support in diabetes care, and the various stakeholders including this in their clinical guidelines, there has only been a lukewarm response from policy-makers towards ensuring its implementation. Hence, more effort is required from health care providers in moving away from just understanding the effects of new drugs and subsequently putting their patients on these drugs, and going back to the basics of communicating with the patients, understanding their woes, and helping to motivate/empower their patients. This paper analyzes the various components of social support, their influence on diabetes self-care, and how health care providers can help in this process.Keywords: type II diabetes mellitus, social support, self-management/self-care

  20. Coping styles and personality: a biometric analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jang, Kerry L; Thordarson, Dana S; Stein, Murray B; Cohan, Sharon L; Taylor, Steven

    2007-03-01

    Previous research suggests that coping styles are modestly heritable and that this genetic influence is shared in large part with genetic influences on personality. To test this hypothesis, we estimated the heritable basis of the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations in a sample of 91 monozygotic and 80 dizygotic twin pairs. Task-oriented, emotion-oriented, and social diversion coping styles were modestly heritable (h(2)=.17 to .20), whereas the use of distraction appeared to be influenced solely by environmental factors. Multivariate analyses showed that genetic contributions to coping styles were, at best, only modestly related to genetic contributions to personality (r=-.03 to .35). Environmental contributions to personality were unrelated to environmental factors in coping style. These results suggest that coping style is not merely a manifestation of basic personality traits but does support the possibility that the genetic factors in personality influences have a modest influence on an individual's preferred coping style or strength (e.g., rigidity vs flexibility).

  1. Social support and depression of adults with visual impairments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papadopoulos, Konstantinos; Papakonstantinou, Doxa; Montgomery, Anthony; Solomou, Argyro

    2014-07-01

    Relatively little research exists with regard to the relationship between social support and depression among adults with visual impairments. Such a gap is noteworthy when one considers that individuals become more dependent on others as they enter middle and late adulthood. The present research will examine the association between social networks, social support and depression among adults with visual impairments. Seventy-seven adults with visual impairments participated in the study. Depression, social network and emotional/practical social support were measured with self-report measures. Additionally, the degree to which emotional/practical social support received were positive or negative and the ability of respondents to self-manage their daily living were assessed. Less than a third of respondents scored above the threshold for depressive symptoms. Depressive symptoms were not related to gender or vision status. Depression was correlated with age, educational level, less positive practical support, more negative practical support and more negative emotional support, with lower perceptions of self-management representing the most robust predictor of depression. Age moderated the relationship between depression and self-management, and between depression and negative emotional support. Lower perceptions of self-management and negative emotional support were significantly associated with depressive symptoms.

  2. Social defense: an evolutionary-developmental model of children's strategies for coping with threat in the peer group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Meredith J; Davies, Patrick T; MacNeill, Leigha A

    2014-04-29

    Navigating the ubiquitous conflict, competition, and complex group dynamics of the peer group is a pivotal developmental task of childhood. Difficulty negotiating these challenges represents a substantial source of risk for psychopathology. Evolutionary developmental psychology offers a unique perspective with the potential to reorganize the way we think about the role of peer relationships in shaping how children cope with the everyday challenges of establishing a social niche. To address this gap, we utilize the ethological reformulation of the emotional security theory as a guide to developing an evolutionary framework for advancing an understanding of the defense strategies children use to manage antagonistic peer relationships and protect themselves from interpersonal threat (Davies and Sturge-Apple, 2007). In this way, we hope to illustrate the value of an evolutionary developmental lens in generating unique theoretical insight and novel research directions into the role of peer relationships in the development of psychopathology.

  3. Social Defense: An Evolutionary-Developmental Model of Children's Strategies for Coping with Threat in the Peer Group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meredith J. Martin

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Navigating the ubiquitous conflict, competition, and complex group dynamics of the peer group is a pivotal developmental task of childhood. Difficulty negotiating these challenges represents a substantial source of risk for psychopathology. Evolutionary developmental psychology offers a unique perspective with the potential to reorganize the way we think about the role of peer relationships in shaping how children cope with the everyday challenges of establishing a social niche. To address this gap, we utilize the ethological reformulation of the emotional security theory as a guide to developing an evolutionary framework for advancing an understanding of the defense strategies children use to manage antagonistic peer relationships and protect themselves from interpersonal threat (Davies and Sturge-Apple, 2007. In this way, we hope to illustrate the value of an evolutionary developmental lens in generating unique theoretical insight and novel research directions into the role of peer relationships in the development of psychopathology.

  4. fMRI Study of Social Anxiety during Social Ostracism with and without Emotional Support.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoshiko Nishiyama

    Full Text Available Social anxiety is characterized by an excessive fear of being embarrassed in social interactions or social performance situations. Emotional support can help to decrease or diminish social distress. Such support may play an important role at different points of social interaction. However, it is unclear how the beneficial effects of social support are represented in the brains of socially anxious individuals. To explore this, we used the same paradigm previously used to examine the effects of emotional support on social pain caused by exclusion. Undergraduates (n = 46 showing a wide range of social anxiety scores underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI while participating in a Cyberball game. Participants were initially included and later excluded from the game. In the latter half of the session in which participants were excluded, they were provided with supportive messages. In line with our previous work, we found that social exclusion led to increased anterior cingulate cortex (ACC activity, whereas emotional support led to increased left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC activity. Despite validation of the paradigm, social anxiety was not associated with increased ACC activity during social exclusion, or during perceived emotional support. Instead, fear of negative evaluation as assessed by the Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation (BFNE scale showed positive associations with left DLPFC activation while receiving emotional support, compared to while being socially excluded. The more socially anxious an individual was, the greater was the left DLPFC activity increased during receipt of messages. This suggests that highly socially anxious people still have the ability to perceive social support, but that they are nevertheless susceptible to negative evaluation by others.

  5. fMRI Study of Social Anxiety during Social Ostracism with and without Emotional Support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishiyama, Yoshiko; Okamoto, Yasumasa; Kunisato, Yoshihiko; Okada, Go; Yoshimura, Shinpei; Kanai, Yoshihiro; Yamamura, Takanao; Yoshino, Atsuo; Jinnin, Ran; Takagaki, Koki; Onoda, Keiichi; Yamawaki, Shigeto

    2015-01-01

    Social anxiety is characterized by an excessive fear of being embarrassed in social interactions or social performance situations. Emotional support can help to decrease or diminish social distress. Such support may play an important role at different points of social interaction. However, it is unclear how the beneficial effects of social support are represented in the brains of socially anxious individuals. To explore this, we used the same paradigm previously used to examine the effects of emotional support on social pain caused by exclusion. Undergraduates (n = 46) showing a wide range of social anxiety scores underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) while participating in a Cyberball game. Participants were initially included and later excluded from the game. In the latter half of the session in which participants were excluded, they were provided with supportive messages. In line with our previous work, we found that social exclusion led to increased anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) activity, whereas emotional support led to increased left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) activity. Despite validation of the paradigm, social anxiety was not associated with increased ACC activity during social exclusion, or during perceived emotional support. Instead, fear of negative evaluation as assessed by the Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation (BFNE) scale showed positive associations with left DLPFC activation while receiving emotional support, compared to while being socially excluded. The more socially anxious an individual was, the greater was the left DLPFC activity increased during receipt of messages. This suggests that highly socially anxious people still have the ability to perceive social support, but that they are nevertheless susceptible to negative evaluation by others.

  6. Alone together : A grounded theory study of experienced burden, coping, and support needs of spouses of persons with a bipolar disorder

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Voort, Trijntje Y. G.; Goossens, Peter J. J.; van der Bijl, Jaap J.

    2009-01-01

    Bipolar disorder is a chronic and severe mental disorder. Little is known about the experiences of the spouses of such patients. A grounded theory study was undertaken to examine the burden for spouses living with a partner with a bipolar disorder and to explore how they cope and what support they n

  7. Social Isolation and Social Support as Correlates of Television Viewing Motivations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finn, Seth; Gorr, Mary Beth

    1988-01-01

    Explores relationships between motivations for television viewing, including shyness, loneliness, self-esteem, and three measures of social support. Suggests viewing motivations are related to needs arising from two distinct sources: social compensation and mood management. (MS)

  8. Social Networking Technologies as Vehicles of Support for Women in Learning Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgess, Kimberly R.

    2009-01-01

    Women have long since used social networking as a means of coping with their struggles, educating and empowering themselves, engaging in broader social movements, and building international advocacy. Internet communities that are designed and facilitated to be inclusive of women's experiences can be important social spaces where women feel…

  9. Adjustment to Diabetes Among Diabetic Patients: The Roles of Social Support and Self-Efficacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yazdi-Ravandi

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Background Controlling diabetes requires management of the relationship between the patient and the initial attention team. Social and environmental factors lead to lifestyle variations in relation to the health care, community support, and social support received. Theess areas have an effect upon patients’ self-organization and self-efficacy. Self-efficacy can be recognized objectively as one of the strongest predictors of a patient’s physical condition, causing behavior variations. It can be defined as an individual’s level of trust in his/her ability to adopt a particular kind of behavior. Objectives The aim of this study is to examine the roles of social support and self-efficacy in predicting the level of adjustment to living with diabetes in diabetic patients. Patients and Methods In this cross-sectional study, we investigated the ability to predict diabetic patients’ adjustment to diabetes through analyzing levels of social support and self-efficacy. The population used for this survey was a random sample of 167 diabetic patients, who were dependent on insulin injections. The participants were 18 to 60 years old and had been members of the Iranian Diabetes Society since 2014. They were asked to complete Sullivan’s “adjustment to diabetes” test, and were examined using 1 Zimet’s Multidimensional Scale of social support and 2 the Coping Self-efficacy scale for confrontation of problems. Data analysis was performed using the SPSS (version 16 statistical software package, for which Pearson’s correlation test and the multiple regression method (linear method were used. Results The data revealed that self-efficacy (P < 0.001 and social support (P < 0.001 are indicators than can significantly anticipate levels of adjustment in diabetic patients. Moreover, it has been revealed that self-efficiency plays a significant and, indeed, fundamental role in adjustment anticipation. Conclusions It can be concluded that self-efficacy and

  10. Institutional and Policy Support for Tourism Social Entrepreneurship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dredge, Dianne

    2017-01-01

    and operation of social enterprises as part of an inclusive and sustainable tourism system, and they can assist in the creation of institutional conditions that encourage, legitimize and synergize social entrepreneurship. The chapter offers concrete considerations for policy makers in terms of making...... the characteristics of supportive institutional and policy environments for tourism social entrepreneurship. It argues that governments can contribute in two broad ways to creating the conditions for tourism social entrepreneurship to flourish: they can develop policies that support and encourage the development...

  11. Novice ESOL Teachers' Perceptions of Social Support Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brannan, Debi; Bleistein, Tasha

    2012-01-01

    As new teachers navigate the challenging first years of work, they need positive support providers (Villani, 2002). The impact of support providers on novice educators' beliefs about teaching efficacy previously went unexplored. This study examined novice English to speakers of other languages (ESOL) teachers' perceptions of social support and…

  12. Longitudinal linkages between perceived social support and posttraumatic stress symptoms: sequential roles of social causation and social selection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaniasty, Krzysztof; Norris, Fran H

    2008-06-01

    The authors examined social causation and social selection explanations for the association between perceptions of social support and psychological distress. Data came from a sample of 557 victims of natural disaster in Mexico. Structural equation modeling analyses indicated that social causation (more social support leading to less posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD]) explained the support-to-distress relationship in the earlier postdisaster phase, 6 to 12 months after the impact. Both causal mechanisms emerged as significant paths in the midpoint of the study (12 and 18 months). Only social selection (more PTSD leading to less social support) accounted for the support-to-distress relationship at 18 to 24 months after the event. Interpersonal and social dynamics of disasters may explain why these two contrasting causal mechanisms emerged over time.

  13. Association between different types of social support and medication adherence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheurer, Danielle; Choudhry, Niteesh; Swanton, Kellie A; Matlin, Olga; Shrank, Will

    2012-12-01

    To evaluate the association between social support and medication adherence. A search of articles published before November 2010 in peer-reviewed, healthcare-related journals was conducted using PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science, and search terms related to social support (social support OR friend OR family OR agency) and adherence (patient compliance OR medication adherence), yielding 5331 articles. Articles were included if they directly measured the relationship between medication adherence and some form of social support. Excluded were case studies, studies with participants < 18 years of age, and non-English language studies. Four social support categories were reported: structural, practical, emotional, and combination. Medication adherence was reported in the manner in which it was described in each study. Fifty studies were included in the final analysis. A greater degree of practical support was most consistently associated with greater adherence to medication; evidence for structural or emotional support was less compelling. However, most studies were limited in size and design, and substantial variability in designs and outcome measurement prohibited pooling of results, necessitating qualitative evaluation of the studies. This qualitative analysis found that practical social support was most consistently associated with greater medication adherence. Interventions that use existing contacts (friends or family) to engage patients in the mundane and practical aspects of medication purchasing and administration may be an effective approach to promoting better medication adherence.

  14. Bem-Estar no Trabalho: um Estudo sobre suas Relações com Clima Social, Coping e Variáveis Demográficas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Rocha Sobrinho

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The current study has as its main goal to identify the influence demographic variables, social climate and coping have on work well-being. Towards this end, we used scales of work well-being composed by three factors: self-fulfillment, negative and positive affects, and social climate, all adapted to the organizational context and composed by the factors of innovation, performance, recognition, autonomy, and coping as composed by control, escape and management. A sample of 2,483 employees from a Religious educational organization took part in this research, which corresponds to 58% of the organization’s population. As observed, age and education levels positively influence the variation of work well-being. Correlation and regression analysis show that all social climate factors influence work well-being; in particular, autonomy presented a moderate to high positive correlation, and recognition with work well-being and the factors innovation and performance showed the strongest correlations. Factors of coping-appraisal focus and emotion focus had stronger impact on the results. The conclusion is that social climate and mastering coping have meaningful roles for predicting work well-being. Limitations of this paper are the fact that data were collected by the organization and the study was done in only one organization.

  15. How older female spouses cope with partners' coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marnocha, Suzanne; Marnocha, Mark

    2013-01-01

    This research sought to better understand how older female spouses cope with a partner's coronary artery bypass graft surgery and to explore coping's relationships with life-change stress, cognitive appraisal, resilience, social support, and aspects of spouse's surgery. A sample of 96 women, aged from 55 to 81 years, completed surveys after their partner's surgery. Folkman and Lazarus' ways of coping (WCQ) scales yielded two factors in this sample-reactive coping and adaptive coping. Reactive coping, including more emotion-focused ways of coping from the WCQ, was associated only with more time spent anticipating spouses' surgeries. Women described the greatest use of ways of coping labeled adaptive, which in turn had significant relationships with greater resilience, social support, and positive appraisal of the surgical experience. Stepwise multiple regression found greater resilience, more frequent religious participation, and fewer children to be distinct predictors of adaptive coping. Nursing staff are encouraged to accept and normalize reactive coping, while facilitating adaptive coping with surgical stresses.

  16. Evaluating coping capacity and benefits of flood-prone land use to support Integrated Flood Management in developing countries: community assessment in Candaba, Philippines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juarez, A. M.; Kibler, K. M.; Ohara, M.

    2015-12-01

    Flood risk reduction strategies such as zoning and land use restrictions reduce exposure by "keeping people away from floods". However, in many developing countries, benefits provided by floods and use of flood-prone land are essential, particularly where livelihoods are tied to natural hydrologic cycles. We propose integrating coping capacity and benefits of floodplain use into risk assessments in developing countries. We assess flood damages and identify local strategies for living with and benefitting from floods in Candaba, Philippines. We use a physically-based rainfall-runoff model and remotely-sensed data to characterize flooding. At the village scale, we evaluate potential damages to agriculture and fisheries. Through community surveys and focus groups, we identify adaptations that allow people to cope with and benefit from flooding. Seeking to integrate these adaptations into standard risk assessments, we explore valuation methods to appraise floodplain-derived benefits. We find that some communities adapt their livelihoods to seasonal inundation, for instance, by using land alternately for agriculture and wild-catch fisheries during dry and wet seasons respectively. To integrate the role of coping capacity into our assessment, we consider dynamics of seasonal land use and evaluate damages and benefits of adapted (high coping capacity) and non-adapted (low coping capacity) conditions. We find that coping strategies minimize flood losses while allowing valuable flood-related benefit capture. We conclude that neglecting coping capacity and benefits of floodplain use can lead to poor characterization of risk, which may result in misguided management. Acknowledging local capacity to live with and benefit from floods may support flood risk management, sustainable livelihoods and ecosystem services in developing countries.

  17. Male coping with cancer-fertility issues: putting the 'social' into biopsychosocial approaches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawshaw, Marilyn

    2013-09-01

    Biopsychosocial approaches in infertility and cancer services and research pay limited attention to 'social dimensions'. Additionally, existing cancer-related male infertility research is dominated by sperm banking studies even though fertility-related social concerns in the long term are reported to have an adverse effect on wellbeing. This paper considers whether social influences affected the fertility-related experiences of 28 men interviewed as part of a mixed-gender qualitative study of 'South Asian' and 'White' cancer survivors and their professional carers. Findings are reported under: managing stigma; sexuality and virility; ambiguity in fertile status; relationship to sperm; and meaning of fatherhood. Gender and other social influences were ambiguous, fluid and subtle--yet powerful. Combinations were neither standard nor static, indicating the dangers of practitioners stereotyping, and/or assuming homogeneity of, (in)fertile men and being unaware of their own socialized expectations. Social structures and attitudes towards valued male social roles as well as the men's psychological capacity and bodily state appear to affect experience. Men may more readily be engaged if practitioners proactively attend to the impact of social concerns, including employment and financial matters, on their perceived capacity to be fathers as a route into raising issues of sexuality and fertility.

  18. Reclaiming the Students--Coping with Social Media in 1:1 Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersson, Annika; Hatakka, Mathias; Grönlund, Åke; Wiklund, Matilda

    2014-01-01

    There is a debate about the advantages and disadvantages of using social media in education. Drawing on interviews and surveys with students and teachers in three Swedish schools, this study finds that students as well as teachers find much of the students' social media use distractive to learning. We investigate this by means of an interpretative…

  19. Files supporting "Talking Politics on Social Media"

    OpenAIRE

    Fredheim, Rolf; Moore, Alfred

    2015-01-01

    This repository includes a description of the files needed to replicate the findings reported in 'Talking Politics on Social Media' by Rolf Fredheim and Alfred Moore --README.txt --anon.Rdata Rdata file containing deidentified commenting data needed to reproduce main figures and findings reported in the paper. --reproduction.py script used to identify reason-giving, agreement, disagreement, and insults. This script requires Python 2, version 2.5 or higher, and the modules codecs, ner, pyencha...

  20. The Impact of Emotional Social Support on Elders' Food Security

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer Woltil

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Food insecurity persists as a social problem in the U.S., putting its victims at risk of poor nutritional and overall health. Being food insecure is defined as the limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally safe foods or the inability to access such foods in socially acceptable ways. Food insecurity research tends to focus on younger populations, particularly households with children. Food insecurity among the elderly is, therefore, poorly understood, both in prevalence and in prevention and intervention methods. Addressing this gap, the present study examined the relationships between emotional social support and food security using data from the 2007-08 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in an effort to further the understanding of food insecurity among elders. Specifically, the effects of an emotional social support presence, number of support sources and types of support sources on food security were observed using OLS linear regression. Results indicated that emotional social support alleviated the risk of food insecurity, even when household income, marital/partnership status and health status were controlled for. However, the source of the support mattered: elders who reported a spouse as the primary source of support were more likely to report being food secure, while those who reported an “other” primary source of support were more likely to report being food insecure. Number of support sources were not significantly related to food security.

  1. Social support and functioning in a patient with spinal cord injury: the role of social skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, Rachel; Rauch, Alexandra; Cieza, Alarcos; Geyh, Szilvia

    2013-09-01

    This study reports on a patient with spinal cord injury (SCI) in whom the interaction between social skills and social support seems to influence functioning. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) was used as a reference framework. Qualitative (i.e. observation, structured, and open interviews with the patient and health professionals) and quantitative data (i.e. spinal cord independence measure, medical records) were collected. Content analysis of the interviews was carried out to identify aspects of social skills and social support. An ICF-based documentation tool (i.e. ICF Assessment Sheet) was used to structure information about the level of functioning of body functions and structures, activity and participation, and environmental and personal factors of a 57-year-old man with incomplete paraplegia during first rehabilitation. The patient presented a variety of effective social skills (i.e. assertiveness, goal direction). However, the adaptation of skills, such as asking for help social problem-solving, sensitivity, and expressivity in social relations, became necessary to acquire. The patient received different types of social support (i.e. emotional, informational, and instrumental) from different sources (e.g. family and friends). The qualitative interviews provided indications for an interaction between social skills and social support. The impact of social skills and social support on functioning is discussed. Social skills can mobilize social support and enhance functioning. However, better understanding of social skills, social support, and their interaction in relation to functioning in SCI is required to develop targeted and effective interventions to strengthen psychosocial resources for the enhancement of functioning in patients with SCI.

  2. Social Support Contributes to Outcomes following Distal Radius Fractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caitlin J. Symonette

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Distal radius fractures are the most common fracture of the upper extremity and cause variable disability. This study examined the role of social support in patient-reported pain and disability at one year following distal radius fracture. Methods. The Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey was administered to a prospective cohort of 291 subjects with distal radius fractures at their baseline visit. Pearson correlations and stepwise linear regression models (F-to-remove 0.10 were used to identify whether social support contributes to wrist fracture outcomes. The primary outcome of pain and disability at one year was measured using the Patient Rated Wrist Evaluation. Results. Most injuries were low energy (67.5% and were treated nonoperatively (71.9%. Pearson correlation analysis revealed that higher reported social support correlated with improved Patient Rated Wrist Evaluation scores at 1 year, r(n=181=-0.22, P<0.05. Of the subscales within the Social Support Survey, emotional/informational support explained a significant proportion of the variance in 1-year Patient Rated Wrist Evaluation scores, R2=4.7%, F (1, 181 = 9.98, P<0.05. Conclusion. Lower emotional/informational social support at the time of distal radius fracture contributes a small but significant percentage to patient-reported pain and disability outcomes.

  3. Burnout and coping strategies among hospital staff nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceslowitz, S B

    1989-07-01

    This study examined the relationship between use of coping strategies and burnout among 150 randomly selected staff nurses from four hospitals. The instruments used were the frequency dimension of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (Maslach & Jackson 1981) and the Ways of Coping (Revised) (Folkman & Lazarus 1985). In the canonical correlation analysis, two significant canonical variate sets differentiated nurses on the dimension of burnout. Nurses who experienced increased levels of burnout used the coping strategies of escape/avoidance, self-controlling and confronting (P less than 0.001). Nurses who experience decreased levels of burnout used the coping strategies of planful problem solving, positive reappraisal, seeking social support, and self-controlling (P less than 0.003). Self-controlling coping, although present in both variate sets, was used to a lesser extent by nurses with decreased burnout levels. The positive relationship between planful problem solving and reduced burnout levels supports the theoretical framework of Lazarus. This framework asserts that during the appraisal process, persons evaluate the harmfulness of an event and their own coping resources. Persons with lower levels of burnout may perceive the event as amenable to change or they may perceive their coping resources as adequate. Either perception may promote the view that the situation is amenable to problem solving. Another rationale for the effectiveness of particular coping strategies may lie in the reactions that these strategies engender in others. The use of planful problem solving, seeking social support and positive reappraisal has been reported to result in the offering of greater social support than when confronting and self-controlling coping were used.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  4. Peer support enhanced social support in adolescent females during weight loss.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulik, Noel L; Fisher, Edwin B; Ward, Dianne S; Ennett, Susan T; Bowling, J Michael; Tate, Deborah F

    2014-09-01

    To describe the development of a peer support intervention and test an enhanced version compared to a standard protocol. Participants (N = 36 females) were assigned to an Enhanced Peer Support (PS) vs Standard weight loss group for 4 months. The PS component consisted of skills training and practice between sessions using social networking. The PS group perceived significantly more peer support and experienced higher levels of social interaction. When meeting frequency decreased, the PS group showed an increase in overall types of support from group members. Findings suggest that an intervention targeting peer support skills results in greater feelings of peer support.

  5. Social support and work engagement: a study of Malaysian nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Othman, Noraini; Nasurdin, Aizzat Mohd

    2013-11-01

    This study addressed the question of whether social support (supervisor support and co-worker support) could contribute to the variance in work engagement. Nurses, as customer-contact employees, play an important role in representing the organization's competence. Their attitudes and behaviour toward patients has a significant influence on patients' satisfaction and perception of quality of service. The sample comprised 402 staff nurses working in three general hospitals in Peninsular Malaysia. Variables included demographic information, Utrecht Work Engagement Scale and Social Support Scale. Data analysis included descriptive statistics, correlations and regression analysis. Findings indicated that supervisor support was positively related to work engagement. Co-worker support was found to have no effect on work engagement. Supervisory support is an important predictor of work engagement for nurses. Nursing management should provide more training to nurse supervisors and develop nurse mentoring programmes to encourage more support to nurses. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  6. Framing Design to support Social Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Morelli, Nicola; Götzen, Amalia De; Mulder, Ingrid

    2017-01-01

    , in which design is a prerogative of the stakeholders participating in the value-creation action; the level of infrastructuring in which designers use their expert knowledge to support the interaction in the value-creation phase; and the level of governance, in which designers must figure out the structure...

  7. Social support seeking and self-efficacy-building strategies in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Social support seeking and self-efficacy-building strategies in enhancing the emotional ... A 3 × 2 factorial design consisting of treatment and a control group was used. The columns have two levels of gender being male and female caregivers.

  8. Executive function is an important consideration for coping strategy use in people with multiple sclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grech, Lisa B; Kiropoulos, Litza A; Kirby, Katherine M; Butler, Ernest; Paine, Mark; Hester, Robert

    2017-10-01

    Executive function deficits are prevalent in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS), and PwMS use less adaptive coping than healthy controls. This cross-sectional study assessed whether there is a relationship between executive function and coping in PwMS. One hundred and seven participants with relapsing remitting or secondary progressive MS (n = 83 and 24, respectively; age M = 48.8 ± 11.1 years) completed measures of coping and executive function. A positive relationship was found between verbal fluency and use of active, emotional, and instrumental social support coping, and total executive function and substance abuse coping. There was a negative relationship between coping strategies and core (social support, acceptance, religion, restraint, and total coping), higher order (denial and humor), and total executive function indices (acceptance, religion, behavioral disengagement, denial, and total coping). These directional differences provide support for the importance of specific executive functions in coping strategy utilization. Understanding these relationships will assist psychologists and neuropsychologists with patient psychoeducation, adaptive coping strategy intervention and management for PwMS with reduced executive function ability.

  9. Racial Discrimination, Coping, Life Satisfaction, and Self-Esteem among African Americans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Utsey, Shawn O.; Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Reynolds, Amy L.; Cancelli, Anthony A.

    2000-01-01

    Study examines the coping strategies used by African Americans in managing the stressful effects of racism. Results indicate that women preferred avoidance coping for racism experienced on a personal level. For African Americans in general, seeking social support and racism condition were the best predictors of racism-related stress. Life…

  10. College Adjustment and Subjective Well-Being when Coping with a Family Member's Illness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Christa K.; Welsh, Anne C.

    2010-01-01

    Individuals coping with the chronic or terminal illness of a family member are presented with a unique challenge that may influence their adjustment and overall well-being. This study investigated variables that relate to college adjustment and subjective well-being, including attachment, social support, coping, and illness-related constructs, in…

  11. Couples coping with chronic pain: How do intercouple interactions relate to pain coping?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prenevost, Mathilde Hallingstad; Reme, Silje Endresen

    2017-07-01

    Pain is not merely an isolated experience occurring within the person. It takes place in a wider social context, including the immediate social relationships that the person is a part of. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of how intercouple interactions might influence pain coping in couples coping with chronic pain. Four different approaches to understanding the influence of intercouple interactions have been proposed in the literature. In this review, we present and discuss the empirical support for each of these models. A literature search on all studies published up until May 2017 (PubMed and PsycINFO) was performed. The search string consisted of 3 steps: Chronic pain AND couple interaction*/partner validation/marital interaction/chronic pain couple*/spouse response* AND coping/adjustment/disability/function/work participation/sick leave/sickness absence/work disability. The operant model views partner responses from the perspective of conditioned learning and focuses on how such responses might increase or decrease the occurrence of pain behaviour. The notion that partner responses can reinforce pain behaviour generally finds support in the literature. However, when it comes to negative partner responses results are mixed, and the model paints a limited picture of the range of interactions that takes place in a couple. The communal coping model focuses on one specific type of coping (i.e. catastrophizing), and emphasizes the interpersonal aspect of pain coping. There is some evidence that a tendency to catastrophize is related both to couple interactions and pain coping, but it has proved difficult to test this model empirically. The interpersonal process model of intimacy is concerned with patient disclosures of distress and subsequent validating and invalidating partner responses. There is some preliminary support that such mechanisms of validation and invalidation can be linked to pain coping. A dyadic approach focuses on processes where the

  12. Gender Differences in Social Support among Older Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krause, Neal; Keith, Verna

    1989-01-01

    Studies exposure to life stress as an explanation for gender differences in older adults' utilization of social support. Results suggest that, as stressful events increase, elderly men and women are equally likely to become more involved in their social network, while gender differences emerge in response to chronic financial strain. (JS)

  13. Finnish and Russian Teachers Supporting the Development of Social Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Väyrynen, Sai; Kesälahti, Essi; Pynninen, Tanja; Siivola, Jenny; Flotskaya, Natalia; Bulanova, Svetlana; Volskaya, Olga; Usova, Zoya; Kuzmicheva, Tatyana; Afonkina, Yulia

    2016-01-01

    We argue that a key aspect of inclusive pedagogy is the interaction between the learners, their teachers and the environment. For effective interaction, learners need to develop social competence. This study explores how teachers support the development of the key social skills in schools in Finland and in Russia. The data were collected by…

  14. Social Validity of a Positive Behavior Interventions and Support Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miramontes, Nancy Y.; Marchant, Michelle; Heath, Melissa Allen; Fischer, Lane

    2011-01-01

    As more schools turn to positive behavior interventions and support (PBIS) to address students' academic and behavioral problems, there is an increased need to adequately evaluate these programs for social relevance. The present study used social validation measures to evaluate a statewide PBIS initiative. Active consumers of the program were…

  15. Disclosure strategies, social support, and quality of life in infertile women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steuber, Keli R; High, Andrew

    2015-07-01

    Do the strategies women use to disclose information about their infertility to social network members impact the quality of the support they receive and their quality of life? The data showed that women who disclosed infertility-related information in direct ways, rather than in indirect ways (e.g. by incremental disclosures or through third parties), to social network members perceived higher quality support and reported greater quality of life related to their infertility experience. Social support has been shown to buffer stress associated with various health issues including infertility. The way people disclose information about stressors has been associated with the quality of the support they receive. Disclosing information in a way that most effectively elicits support is beneficial because women with infertility who have lower levels of stress are more likely to seek and remain in treatment. This cross-sectional study of 301 infertile women was conducted in the USA. To determine the variation in length of infertility and treatment decisions, we conducted an online survey of 301 American women coping with infertility. We investigated the strategies women used to disclose infertility-related information with social network members, their perceptions of support from friends and family, and their quality of life both in general (overall quality of life) and related to the experience of infertility (fertility quality of life). Direct disclosure of experiences related to infertility was positively and significantly associated with the perceived quality of social support received (P Directly (P direct disclosures on women's fertility quality of life (95% CI: 0.18, 1.05) and overall quality of life (95% CI: 0.10, 0.30). This effect is particularly noteworthy for the model predicting fertility quality of life, which exhibited a non-significant main effect with direct disclosures. The non-significant main effect combined with the significant indirect effect suggests

  16. School inclusion, support networks and social policies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosanna Claudia Bendinelli

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Special education. Educational policy. Right to education.The education as a right for everybody and its quality are goals that still require huge investments from the government and our society. When it concerns to the people with disabilities, global development disorder and talented / gifted, their access and permanence in the school depends on, most of times, political articulation beyond the educational field. The national legislation and the international recommendations indicate the constitution of support networks. The results presented here focus on the itinerary of São Paulo municipality to implement its special educational policy and highlight the actions towards the support networks. To achieve the goals proposed, documental sources were compiled, semi-structured interviews with special education professionals were conducted; professional characterization forms were filled in; and photographic registers were made. The analysis, using a qualitative approach, compared the set of information to the legislation from which we tried to grasp the advances and aspects to be strengthened in the aforementioned municipal policy. The results shown the undeniable advances in the special education of the municipality during the four-year administration, although the big amount of requests made to the municipal support centers were greater than the necessary implementation and consolidation of the partnership and support networks. It is pointed out that inter-departmental networks were indicated as necessary and they depended on actions of the public government, because this kind of interventions to the hierarchically superior, whether municipal department from the educational or other areas, were beyond the political – administrative status of the centers.

  17. Immigrant and refugee social networks: determinants and consequences of social support among women newcomers to Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hynie, Michaela; Crooks, Valorie A; Barragan, Jackeline

    2011-12-01

    Recent immigrants and refugees (newcomers) vary on many dimensions but do share similar challenges. Newcomers must rebuild social networks to obtain needed social support but often face social exclusion because of their race, language, religion, or immigrant status. In addition, most have limited access to personal, social, and community resources. Effects of situational and personal variables on the benefits and limitations associated with the social networks of female newcomers were explored through interviews and focus groups with 87 women from 7 communities. Using thematic analysis, the authors identify 5 sources of informal support across all 7 communities, which were almost exclusively limited to co-ethnic relationships, and the types of support, limitations, and reciprocity within each. Perceived support was strongest from family and close friends and, when support from close relationships was unavailable, from primary care providers. The results suggest that co-ethnic peer support networks may be overwhelmed in newcomer communities because of their limited size and resources.

  18. Causal Effects of Language on the Exchange of Social Support in an Online Community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biehl, Sarah A; Kahn, Jeffrey H

    2016-07-01

    The provision of social support is a common function of many online communities, but a full understanding of the causal effect of emotion language on the provision of support requires experimental study. The frequency of positive- and negative-emotion words in simulated posts requesting emotional support was manipulated and presented to a sample of college students (N = 442) who were randomly assigned to read one of four simulated posts. Participants completed measures of the original poster's (OP's) distress, and they provided a response to the simulated post. These responses were subjected to a computerized text analysis, and their overall effectiveness was rated by two independent judges. Fewer positive-emotion and more negative-emotion words in the simulated post led to perceptions that the OP was distressed and unable to cope. Participant-generated responses to the post were highest in positive-emotion words when the simulated post was high in positive-emotion words, but low in negative-emotion words. Finally, simulated posts that were low in positive-emotion words received responses that were judged to be more effective than did simulated posts that were high in positive-emotion words. These findings have implications for understanding the role of emotion language on the exchange of online social support.

  19. Influence of social support on cognitive function in the elderly

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yeh Shu-Chuan

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Social support is important in daily activities of the elderly. This study tests the hypothesis that there is an association between social support and cognitive function among the elderly in a community setting. Methods Face-to-face interviews were conducted in a cross-sectional stratified random sample of 4,993 elderly (≥65 years city residents. Using multiple regression analysis, we investigated the influence of social support on cognitive function. Results 12% were over 80 years old. 53.28% were men. 67.14% were married. Higher Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire (SPMSQ scores (higher score means better cognitive function were associated with strong social support, as measured by marital status and perceived positive support from friends. Lower cognitive function was associated with older and with female respondents. Only instrumental activities of daily living (IADL were statistically and negatively related to SPMSQ. Lower functional status was associated with lower cognitive function. Elders with grade school educations had lower SPMSQ scores than did elders with high school educations. Conclusions In Taiwan, higher cognitive function in community-living elderly was associated with increased social support. Life-style management should provide social activities for the elderly to promote a better quality of life.

  20. Perceived social support and community adaptation in schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clinton, M; Lunney, P; Edwards, H; Weir, D; Barr, J

    1998-05-01

    Prompted by the continuing transition to community care, mental health nurses are considering the role of social support in community adaptation. This article demonstrates the importance of distinguishing between kinds of social support and presents findings from the first round data of a longitudinal study of community adaptation in 156 people with schizophrenia conducted in Brisbane, Australia. All clients were interviewed using the relevant subscales of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule to confirm a primary diagnosis of schizophrenia. The study set out to investigate the relationship between community adaptation and social support. Community adaptation was measured with the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), the Life Skills Profile (LSP) and measures of dissatisfaction with life and problems in daily living developed by the authors. Social support was measured with the Arizona Social Support Interview Schedule (ASSIS). The BPRS and ASSIS were incorporated into a client interview conducted by trained interviewers. The LSP was completed on each client by an informal carer (parent, relative or friend) or a professional carer (case manager or other health professional) nominated by the client. Hierarchical regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between community adaptation and four sets of social support variables. Given the order in which variables were entered in regression equations, a set of perceived social support variables was found to account for the largest unique variance of four measures of community adaptation in 96 people with schizophrenia for whom complete data are available from the first round of the three-wave longitudinal study. A set of the subjective experiences of the clients accounted for the largest unique variance in measures of symptomatology, life skills, dissatisfaction with life, and problems in daily living. Sets of community support, household support and functional variables accounted for less variance

  1. Perceived social support following percutaneous coronary intervention is a crucial factor in patients with coronary heart disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kähkönen, Outi; Kankkunen, Päivi; Miettinen, Heikki; Lamidi, Marja-Leena; Saaranen, Terhi

    2017-05-01

    To describe perceived social support among patients with coronary heart disease following percutaneous coronary intervention. A low level of social support is considered a risk factor for coronary heart disease in healthy individuals and reduces the likelihood that people diagnosed with coronary heart disease will have a good prognosis. A descriptive cross-sectional study. A survey of 416 patients was conducted in 2013. A self-report instrument, Social Support of People with Coronary Heart Disease, was used. The instrument comprises three dimensions of social support: informational, emotional, functional supports and 16 background variables. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, factor analysis, mean sum variables and multivariate logistic regression. Perceived informational support was primarily high, but respondents' risk factors were not at the target level. The weakest items of informational support were advice on physical activity, continuum of care and rehabilitation. Regarding the items of emotional support, support from other cardiac patients was the weakest. The weakest item of functional support was respondents' sense of the healthcare professionals' care of patients coping with their disease. Background variables associated with perceived social support were gender, marital status, level of formal education, profession, physical activity, duration of coronary heart disease and previous myocardial infarction. Healthcare professionals should pay extra attention to women, single patients, physically inactive patients, those demonstrating a lower level of education, those with a longer duration of CHD, and respondents without previous acute myocardial infarction. Continuum of care and counselling are important to ensure especially among them. This study provides evidence that healthcare professionals should be more aware of the individual needs for social support among patients with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention

  2. Computer support for social awareness in flexible work

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bødker, S.; Christiansen, Ellen

    2006-01-01

    on which to base further design. We present these analyses and suggest that the metaphors work because of their ability to map experiences from the physical space into conceptual experiences. We conclude that social awareness in flexible work must be constructed indirectly, presenting itself as an option...... How do we conceptualize social awareness, and what support is needed to develop and maintain social awareness in flexible work settings? The paper begins by arguing the relevance of designing for social awareness in flexible work. It points out how social awareness is suspended in the field...... of tension that exists between the ephemerality and continuity of social encounters, exploring ways to construct identity through relationships by means of social encounters - notably those that are accidental and unforced. We probe into this issue through design research: In particular, we present three...

  3. Social support in later life: family, friends and community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Josefina Arias

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to carry out an analysis of the importance of social support and participation in old age. Contributions are presented first that various international agencies concerned with old age and aging have been made to strengthen this support and increased participation of older people. Different sources of social support are described: formal and informal interventions that can be made with varied promotion and preventive-wellness-care objectives and action at various levels-individual, group, family, organizational and community-and is made an analysis of the impact on the well-being have the resources of social support available to older people. Finally we reflect on Certain negative assumptions about the availability of support and social participation of older people in relation to recent research findings on the subject. Problematize the importance of these negative stereotypes about aging in general and on the participation and the availability of social support in particular in order to achieve more supportive environments that promote the development of the potential of older persons is concluded.

  4. Social Support at a Sufi Lodge in Punjab, Parkistan

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rehman, Uzma; Lund-Thomsen, Peter

    2014-01-01

    In this article, we analyze the various types of social support – informational, instrumenmental, and emotional/psychological help – that are provided at a Sufi lodge in southern Punjab, Pakistan. We argue that the lodge has become an important factor in securing the well-being of individuals...... and families in a context where the state has largely failed in terms of providing social services for its citizens. We conclude that future research in this area could delve deeper into the question of whether, and if so how, such institutions may be a source of social support on a wider basis in Pakistan...

  5. Social Relationships, Prosocial Behaviour, and Perceived Social Support in Students from Boarding Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfeiffer, Jens P.; Pinquart, Martin; Krick, Kathrin

    2016-01-01

    Social development may vary depending on contextual factors, such as attending a day school or a boarding school. The present study compares students from these school types with regard to the achievement of specific social goals, perceived social support, and reported prosocial behaviour. A sample of 701 students was examined. Students from…

  6. Social Support and Social Network Ties among the Homeless in a Downtown Atlanta Park

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reitzes, Donald C.; Crimmins, Timothy J.; Yarbrough, Johanna; Parker, Josie

    2011-01-01

    This study applies a typology of social support with 3 categories of social networks to investigate social ties and their benefits for homeless people. Data were derived from a 2-year long series of participant observations of homeless or precariously housed people who came regularly to a downtown Atlanta public park. The findings are as follows:…

  7. Burnout in Social Workers Treating Children as Related to Demographic Characteristics, Work Environment, and Social Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamama, Liat

    2012-01-01

    This study examined sense of burnout among 126 social workers who directly treat children and adolescents within the human service professions. Burnout was investigated in relation to social workers' demographic characteristics (age, family status, education, and seniority at work), extrinsic and intrinsic work conditions, and social support by…

  8. Ego Identity, Social Anxiety, Social Support, and Self-Concealment in Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Individuals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potoczniak, Daniel J.; Aldea, Mirela A.; DeBlaere, Cirleen

    2007-01-01

    This study examined a model in which the relationship between social anxiety and two dimensions of ego identity (commitment and exploration) was expected to be mediated by social support and self-concealment for a sample of lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals (N=347). Statistically significant paths were found from social anxiety to social…

  9. Burnout in Social Workers Treating Children as Related to Demographic Characteristics, Work Environment, and Social Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamama, Liat

    2012-01-01

    This study examined sense of burnout among 126 social workers who directly treat children and adolescents within the human service professions. Burnout was investigated in relation to social workers' demographic characteristics (age, family status, education, and seniority at work), extrinsic and intrinsic work conditions, and social support by…

  10. Social support, family functioning and parenting competence in adolescent parents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angley, Meghan; Divney, Anna; Magriples, Urania; Kershaw, Trace

    2015-01-01

    Depression is known to mediate the association between low social support and parenting competence in adult mothers, but this relationship is rarely assessed in adolescent mothers and fathers. The primary aim of this study was to identify the association between social support, family functioning and social capital on parenting competence, including self-efficacy and satisfaction in adolescent mothers and their partners. Secondary aims included identifying potential partner effects (e.g. whether a partner's social support influenced the respondent's parenting efficacy). Data was obtained from a subset of participants from a longitudinal study of pregnant adolescent females and their partners. Couples completed individual structured interviews via audio computer-assisted self-interview during pregnancy and at 6 months postpartum. To measure the influence of support on parenting outcomes, multi-level modeling was used to assess the Actor-Partner Interdependence model, which examines responses from both members of a dyad in a single analysis. Greater social support was associated with increased parenting self-efficacy (B = 0.062, p = 0.006) and parenting satisfaction (B = 0.111, p parenting satisfaction (B = 0.05, p = 0.035). Greater partner family functioning was associated with higher parenting satisfaction (B = 0.047, p = 0.026). This study found the importance of a strong support structure during pregnancy on perceived parenting competence in the early postpartum period for young mothers and fathers. Both social support and family functioning during pregnancy were associated with a greater sense of parenting competence, and these associations were mediated by parental depression. The results of this study underscore the importance of providing social support for young expectant fathers as well as mothers.

  11. Social Support Strategies for Immigrants: The Context of Social Work Practice in Lithuania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aistė Bartkevičienė

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Intensification of migration flows makes Lithuania one of the immigrants host countries which, like other European Union countries, faces the challenge of integration of immigrants and in this process an important role has a social worker. The aim of research was to reveal the social support strategies used by social workers in solving social problems of immigrants during the process of their integration. The qualitative research using semi-structured interview method and content analysis method was done. The survey results suggest that immigrants during the process of integration face these social problems: the search for housing, employment, legal, financial, lack of access to relevant information. The results revealed that social workers, solving the social problems of immigrants, evaluate their nature and level and then apply the appropriate level of intervention. Social workers apply these micro level interventions: information and consultancy of immigrants, mediation and emotional support, which include individual social assistance. Social workers, solving the social problems of immigrants, apply these mezzo level interventions: development of social network of immigrants, organization of socio-cultural events, organization and coordination of volunteer activities. Social workers providing social assistance to immigrants' integration process, use the following macro level interventions: dissemination of information onimmigrantissues, conduction and dissemination of researches based on immigrant integration issues, dissemination of best practice of social workers.

  12. Children's Coping with Academic Failure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raftery-Helmer, Jacquelyn N.; Grolnick, Wendy S.

    2016-01-01

    There is little consensus on how to conceptualize coping after perceived failure and less is known about the contextual resources that may support or undermine the use of specific coping strategies. This study examined parenting in relation to coping using the framework of self-determination theory and examined the motivational processes through…

  13. [Coping with stress and pain in migraine patients.].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bornmann, M; Schneeberg-Kirchner, S; Weber, H

    1989-12-01

    During a semi-structured interview 82 migraine patients were asked biographical and illnessrelated questions. They completed psychological instruments on coping behavior (Stressverarbeitungsfragebogen), self-concept (Frankfurter Selbstkonzeptskalen), attributional style (IE-SV-F), illness behavior, and illness-related attributions (Tübinger Attributions-fragebogen). The theoretical background of this research is a cognitive model of coping with stress and illness. The results support the interrelations between coping with stress and coping with illness assumed in the model. They justify considering coping with illness to be scopespecific coping behavior. Furthermore, the results emphasize the importance of cognitive processes for stress-coping in general, as well as for illness-related coping behavior. With regard to personality variables, migraineurs, as compared with healthy persons, show to a larger extent coping strategies that are apt to maintain rather than to reduce stress, such as resignation, withdrawal, and avoidance behavior. They also have a more unfavorable selfconcept of achievement, emotional stability and selfassertiveness, lower self-esteem and a more external pattern of causal attributions. Some of the pain behavior strategies could be identified as being focused on illness (guarding behavior, avoidance and social withdrawal, resignation and complaint); only the attempt to relax is regarded as being focused on health. Migraine patients show a preference neither for medical nor psychological causal attributions of their illness but score significantly higher on medical than psychological control attributions. The results have implications for psychological therapy.

  14. The relationship between social support and anxiety among caregivers of children in HIV-endemic South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casale, Marisa; Wild, Lauren; Cluver, Lucie; Kuo, Caroline

    2014-01-01

    Caring for children can be a source of joy and fulfilment, but also a source of stress, especially for caregivers living with illness and/or coping with difficult socio-economic conditions. Risks for poor caregiver mental health are especially salient in many parts of southern Africa affected by a generalised HIV-epidemic, high rates of physical illness, difficult livelihood conditions and an increasing number of orphaned and vulnerable children in need of care. Given limited availability and low uptake of formal mental health services in South Africa, the potential protective role of informal community or "social" resources for caregiver populations requires greater attention. To our knowledge, this is the first study to quantitatively assess the relationship between social support and symptomatic anxiety among caregivers of children living in HIV-endemic southern African communities. The data are from household survey interviews with 2477 adult primary caregivers of children aged 10-17 years living in two (urban and rural) resource-deprived HIV-endemic South African communities. Hierarchical logistic regression analysis with interaction terms was conducted to assess whether HIV and other illness were significant stressors for caregiver anxiety, whether social support had main or stress-buffering protective effects on anxiety and whether gender moderated the association between social support and anxiety. Our findings showed significant main effects of social support on caregiver anxiety, but no evidence of stress-buffering effects of support or of gender moderating the support-anxiety relationship. This suggests that social support is a general mental health resource for both male and female caregivers of children in these HIV-endemic communities, regardless of whether they are facing specific stressors related to HIV or other illness. Our results highlight the importance of paying greater attention to the social environment when designing and implementing

  15. Coping with unemployment: the impact of unemployment on mental health, personality, and social interaction skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelzer, B; Schaffrath, S; Vernaleken, Ingo

    2014-01-01

    Unemployment is known to be associated with higher levels of depressive symptoms. However, there is ambiguity about the direction of this association. Different to large surveys, the present pilot-study focuses on a detailed characterization of unemployed and strictly matched employed subjects. Besides depressive symptoms and personality factors, their level of social and communicative skills was determined by an experimental behavioral paradigm. Ninety-two subjects were screened; 62 showed relevant exclusion criteria or failed the matching procedure. Finally, 30 subjects (15 employed, 15 unemployed) participated. The experimental group-paradigm consisted of a complex standardized challenge situation, which demands communicative and social skills for a successful solution. This was followed by an individualized video-based behavioral analysis. Expectedly, unemployed subjects showed more depressive symptoms than employed subjects but did not show higher levels of susceptible personality traits. There were no differences between employed and unemployed subjects in social and communicative competencies; these skills however correlated positively with the level of depression. Unemployment is an important stressor, affecting mental health. The absence of susceptible traits and skills deficits suggests that depressive syndromes are rather resulting than cause of unemployment. Social skills do not prevent depressive reactions during unemployment.

  16. Coping with AIDS: Psychological and Social Considerations in Helping People with HTLV-III Infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Runck, Bette

    This booklet was written to familiarize health and mental health professionals and paraprofessionals with the psychological and social problems associated with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). It briefly reviews the realities of AIDS and describes the challenge that AIDS poses for health care professionals. A section on neuropsychiatric…

  17. Coping with Social Stigma: People with Intellectual Disabilities Moving from Institutions and Family Home

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jahoda, A.; Markova, I.

    2004-01-01

    Social stigma and its impact on the life opportunities and emotional well-being of people with intellectual disabilities (IDs) are a subject of both practical and theoretical importance. The disability movement and evolving theories of self, now point to individuals ability to develop positive identities and to challenge stigmatizing views and…

  18. Social Support of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes in Marginalized Contexts in Mexico and Its Relation to Compliance with Treatment: A Sociocultural Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juárez-Ramírez, Clara; Théodore, Florence L; Villalobos, Aremis; Jiménez-Corona, Aida; Lerin, Sergio; Nigenda, Gustavo; Lewis, Sarah

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to describe the ways social support works in the daily life of patients with type 2 diabetes living in conditions of social and economic marginality, in order to understand how that support relates to treatment compliance. Sequential mixed methods research was used. The sample of patients was obtained from primary health care units and selected considering regional representativeness, and levels of morbidity and mortality for type 2 diabetes. Results point to the nuclear family as the main source of support. Regardless of the area of residence, four main dimensions of support were identified: economic support, help with treatment compliance, emotional support, and material aid. We conclude that the support network assists the patient in different ways and helps cope with the disease, but in conditions of social and economic marginality, does not guarantee the quality of attention nor enable the self-management of treatment.

  19. Effects of Social Support on Professors' Work Stress

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moeller, Christin; Chung-Yan, Greg A.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine how various types of workplace social support from different support sources interact with occupational stressors to predict the psychological well-being of university professors. Design/method/approach: A total of 99 full-time professors participated via an online or paper questionnaire. Findings:…

  20. Social Support and Parenting in Poor, Dangerous Neighborhoods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceballo, Rosario; McLoyd, Vonnie C.

    2002-01-01

    This study investigated how stressful environmental conditions influence the relation between mothers' social support and parenting strategies among poor, African American single mothers and their young adolescent children. Findings indicated that as neighborhood conditions worsened, the positive relation between emotional support and mothers'…

  1. Effects of Social Support on Professors' Work Stress

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moeller, Christin; Chung-Yan, Greg A.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine how various types of workplace social support from different support sources interact with occupational stressors to predict the psychological well-being of university professors. Design/method/approach: A total of 99 full-time professors participated via an online or paper questionnaire. Findings:…

  2. Social support networks among diverse sexual minority populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frost, David M; Meyer, Ilan H; Schwartz, Sharon

    2016-01-01

    This article reports a study of the function and composition of social support networks among diverse lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) men and women (n = 396) in comparison to their heterosexual peers (n = 128). Data were collected using a structured social support network matrix in a community sample recruited in New York City. Our findings show that gay and bisexual men may rely on "chosen families" more than lesbian and bisexual women. Both heterosexuals and LGBs relied less on family and more on other people (e.g., friends, coworkers) for everyday social support (e.g., recreational and social activities, talking about problems). Providers of everyday social support were most often of the same sexual orientation and race/ethnicity as participants. In seeking major support (e.g., borrowing large sums of money), heterosexual men and women along with lesbian and bisexual women relied primarily on their families, but gay and bisexual men relied primarily on other LGB individuals. Racial/ethnic minority LGBs relied on LGB similar others at the same rate as did White LGBs but, notably, racial/ethnic minority LGBs reported receiving fewer dimensions of support.

  3. The complexity of older adults' social support networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaichanawirote, Uraiwan; Higgins, Patricia A

    2013-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to provide a detailed snapshot of the diversity of social support networks of 95 independent-living older adults (mean age = 76). Participants in the convenience sample were recruited from senior centers and a retirement community. Using the Arizona Social Support Interview Schedule and egocentric network analysis, participants' networks are described in terms of patterns, density, size of positive networks (available and utilized), size of negative networks (available and utilized), support need, and support satisfaction. Each participant and the identified members of his or her network were considered a complex adaptive system. Network boundary was 7 members; average network size was 6.22 members (SD = 1.50); network density was moderate (mean = 0.53, SD = 0.33); positive interaction networks were larger than negative networks; and overall, participants reported moderate support need (mean = 2.5, SD = 0.7) and high support satisfaction (mean = 5.9, SD = 1.0).

  4. Collective arrangements and social networks: Coping strategies for the poor households in the Great Ruaha Catchment in Tanzania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kadigi, Reuben M. J.; Mdoe, N. S. Y.; Ashimogo, G. C.

    Access to water and land resources underpins the socio-economic fabric of many societies in the Southern Africa region, which is characterized broadly as underdeveloped with widespread food insecurity, exacerbated by persistent droughts, erratic rainfalls and increasing human populations. The availability of land and water resources is increasingly diminishing and becoming a stumbling block to the development of the agrarian societies in the region. The poor households have in turn adopted new livelihood coping mechanisms but little research has been done to assess the effectiveness of these ‘instruments’. Consequently, the concepts of sustainable water resources management and agricultural development have remained elusive and poorly understood by policy makers as well as by water resources planners and managers. Recognizing this, a study was conducted between 2002 and 2005 under the RIPARWIN (Raising Irrigation Productivity and Releasing Water for Intersectoral Needs) project to assess the spatial dynamics of livelihood capital, vulnerability and coping strategies for the poor agrarian households in the Upper Great Ruaha River Catchment (GRRC) in Tanzania. The results of analysis showed an array of livelihood platforms and institutional contexts that ac