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Sample records for contract management companycmc

  1. PROCUREMENT AND CONTRACT MANAGEMENT

    CERN Multimedia

    Training & Development Group; Linda Orr-Easo; Tel. 72460; Nathalie Dumeaux; Tel. 78144

    2001-01-01

    We are pleased to announce the launch of a new training on: Procurement and Contract Management (This seminar will be run by CERN experts in French or in English) Level 1 The aim is to raise awareness of the key issues involved. Date : 8 June 2001 This level is open to everyone. Participants should register via our Web page as soon as possible. Level 2 To develop the skills needed to effectively manage contracts, from the Technical, Commercial and Legal aspects. Dates : Three days, Autumn 2001 This Level is open to those who are/will be more directly responsible for procurement and contract management. Participants should have followed Level 1. For a description of the seminar, please consult:   Level 1: http://training.web.cern.ch/Training/MANCO/P9798/9-cm_e.htm Level 2: http://training.web.cern.ch/Training/MANCO/P9798/9-cm2_e.htm

  2. Disease management contracting: key elements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knutson, D J

    1996-01-01

    Although the data at the outset of a contractual agreement can often be incomplete or inaccurate, and the analytical tools necessary to interpret these data are still being developed, partners about to enter a disease management (DM) arrangement can nonetheless take steps to ensure that the relationship will be sound and successful. Pharmaceutical firms (and other service providers) wishing to enter into DM relationships with managed-care organizations must consider several important factors of the contracting process to protect their financial interests and benefit from the partnership, particularly in the first 1 to 2 years of the arrangement. This paper provides recommendations for both general strategies and financial elements of DM contracting, and defines several contractual elements that can help to secure a harmonious and profitable partnership. These suggestions address concerns for various types of partnerships, including risk-sharing and fee-for-service plans. Early and careful consideration of the legal aspects of the DM business can protect companies from incurring significant, unanticipated losses.

  3. Management of transport and handling contracts

    CERN Document Server

    Rühl, I

    2004-01-01

    This paper shall outline the content, application and management strategies for the various contracts related to transport and handling activities. In total, the two sections Logistics and Handling Maintenance are in charge of 27 (!) contracts ranging from small supply contracts to big industrial support contracts. The activities as well as the contracts can generally be divided into four main topics "Vehicle Fleet Management"; "Supply, Installation and Commissioning of Lifting and Hoisting Equipment"; "Equipment Maintenance" and "Industrial Support for Transport and Handling". Each activity and contract requires different approaches and permanent adaptation to the often changing CERN's requirements. In particular, the management and the difficulties experienced with the contracts E072 "Maintenance of lifting and hoisting equipment", F420 "Supply of seven overhead traveling cranes for LHC" and S090/S103 "Industrial support for transport and handling" will be explained in detail.

  4. A managed care cycle provides contract oversight.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevenson, Paul B; Messinger, Stephen F; Welter, Terri

    2002-03-01

    In response to poor payment performance by health plans, providers are realizing that managed care contracts require systematic, ongoing management rather than a periodic focus. An effective managed care cycle that encompasses strategy development, implementation of the strategy through contracting and operations, and monitoring of contract performance can accomplish this needed oversight. Each phase requires specialized management tools, skills, and staff. Because of the importance of managed care to the provider's financial viability, a wide range of persons should be involved in the managed care cycle, including the board of directors, business office staff, senior management, and finance staff. As providers embrace a more structured approach to managed care, they will increase their chances of receiving accurate contracted payments.

  5. Career Management and the Changing Psychological Contract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atkinson, Carol

    2002-01-01

    A 1993 survey in a British bank revealed a lack of strategic approaches to career management and a negative psychological contract. A 2000 follow-up showed that employees viewed the new contract as a regression from a relational to a transactional approach. They had increased responsibility for career development, but management failed to provide…

  6. Purchase Contract Management for Fashion Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Qunzhi; TSAO Debi

    2004-01-01

    This paper develops a tow-stage purchase contract for fashion products to manage the buyer's cost. In addition to require a commitment, the purchase contract allows the buyer to adjust the commitment at a later stage. We model the buyer's problem and obtain explicit formulae to describe the buyer's optimal behavior. We analyze the effect of parameters on the buyer's cost and prove that such contract can decrease the buyer's cost numerically.

  7. Hospitals' use of contract management approaches 50%.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souhrada, L

    1991-02-05

    Hospital CEOs are evenly split on the issue of whether to contract with outside firms to manage departments in their facilities. Although a small majority have never used contractors, the number of executives employing contract managers is growing--and executives are pleased with the results. These are just a few of the results of Hospitals' recent survey of 1,100 hospital CEOs nationwide. The survey asked executives for information about their hospitals' use of more than 40 specific services, including "hotel," business and clinical contract services. Our survey is one of only a few major studies ever undertaken that have asked hospitals themselves about their use of contract-management services. And what were they looking for? Interestingly, not economic advantage but specialized expertise.

  8. 48 CFR 2452.242-71 - Contract management system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contract management system... 2452.242-71 Contract management system. As prescribed in 2442.1107, insert the following clause: Contract Management System (FEB 2006) (a) The contractor shall use contract management baseline...

  9. Hospital management contracts: institutional and community perspectives.

    OpenAIRE

    Wheeler, J. R.; Zuckerman, H S

    1984-01-01

    Previous studies have shown that external management by contract can improve the performance of managed hospitals. This article presents a conceptual framework which develops specific hypotheses concerning improved hospital operating efficiency, increased ability to meet hospital objectives, and increased ability to meet community objectives. Next, changes in the process and structure of management under contractual arrangements, based on observations from two not-for-profit hospital systems,...

  10. 77 FR 12336 - Public Availability of Office of Acquisitions and Contract Management FY 2011 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-29

    ... Availability of Office of Acquisitions and Contract Management FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY.... L. 111-117), the Office of Acquisitions and Contract Management is publishing this notice to advise.... The information is organized by function to show how contracted resources are distributed...

  11. 78 FR 12106 - Public Availability of Office of Acquisitions and Contract Management FY 2012 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-21

    ... Availability of Office of Acquisitions and Contract Management FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Office of Acquisitions and Contract Management (OACM), Peace Corps. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2012 Service Contract Inventories. SUMMARY: In accordance with Section 743 of Division C of the...

  12. POLizied e-Learning Using Contract Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Espinosa, Espinosa David; Noguez, Julieta; Benes, Bedrich; Bueno, Abel

    2005-01-01

    We present an innovative way to manage online learning by administering experiential learning activities during a semester-long, web-based course that is designed with the Project Oriented Learning methodology. A consulting-style guiding thread for in-class and remote workshops is implemented using a professionally relevant project contract that…

  13. POLizied e-Learning Using Contract Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Espinosa, Espinosa David; Noguez, Julieta; Benes, Bedrich; Bueno, Abel

    2005-01-01

    We present an innovative way to manage online learning by administering experiential learning activities during a semester-long, web-based course that is designed with the Project Oriented Learning methodology. A consulting-style guiding thread for in-class and remote workshops is implemented using a professionally relevant project contract that…

  14. Analysis of the 918th Contracting Battalion and 410th Contracting Support Brigade Utilizing the Contract Management Maturity Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    management . He was awarded the Combat Action Badge during deployments to both Iraq, and Afghanistan where he was earned the Bronze Star Medal...final payment, and documenting the contractor’s performance during the contract (Rendon, 2011). Effective contract management hinges on the...strive to achieve. At this level, all contract management processes are in place, and are periodically evaluated using “efficiency and effectiveness

  15. 48 CFR 237.102-72 - Contracts for management services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Contracts-General 237.102-72 Contracts for management services. In accordance with Section 802 of the... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contracts for management services. 237.102-72 Section 237.102-72 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION...

  16. 76 FR 79565 - Management Contracts-Background Investigations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-22

    ... contractor should be required to submit background information when the contract is for management of both... contractor should be required to submit background information when the contract is for management of both... The NRR identified background investigation information requirements for management contractors of a...

  17. Measuring Satisfaction in the Program Manager, Procuring Contracting Officer Relationship

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-12-01

    Contracting Officer) and one of her customers (a U. S. Navy Program Manager ). From an examination of this relationship , the most appropriate criteria... Customer Satisfaction, Performance Measurement, Metrics, Contracting, Program Management 17. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF REPORT Unclassified...methodology for developing an instrument to measure the satisfaction of their customers , Navy Program Managers . The purpose of this thesis was to develop

  18. Assessment of Navy Contract Management Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-30

    use of maturity models will continue to gain wider acceptance as a tool for assessing ^Åèìáëáíáçå=oÉëÉ~êÅÜ=mêçÖê~ãW= `êÉ~íáåÖ=póåÉêÖó=Ñçê=fåÑçêãÉÇ...organizational process capability. In 2003, the Contract Management Maturity Model (CMMM) was first developed for the purpose of assessing Department of...Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, ^Åèìáëáíáçå=oÉëÉ~êÅÜ=mêçÖê~ãW= `êÉ~íáåÖ=póåÉêÖó=Ñçê=fåÑçêãÉÇ=`Ü~åÖÉ= - 360 - Technology , and Logistics

  19. Managing the financial cost of exception to contracting standards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henschel, Rene Franz

    2008-01-01

    In managing financial cost of exception to contracting standards, the first step is to put up an intelligent contract standards exception monitoring system The next step is to maintain tailor-made, fair and transparent contracting standards The third step is to eliminate unnecessary information...... and repetitiveness in contracting standards The fourth step is to enable your organization and the customers or suppliers to handle the necessary exceptions themselves Finally you should consider the use of independent contracting standards and elimination of your own standards as a tool in managing the cost...

  20. Certified symbolic management of financial multi-party contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bahr, Patrick; Berthold, Jost; Elsman, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Domain-specific languages (DSLs) for complex financial contracts are in practical use in many banks and financial institutions today. Given the level of automation and pervasiveness of software in the sector, the financial domain is immensely sensitive to software bugs. At the same time...... automatically extract a Haskell implementation of an embedded contract DSL along with the formally verified contract management functionality. This approach opens a road map towards more reliable contract management software, including the possibility of analysing contracts based on symbolic instead of numeric...

  1. Managing the financial cost of exception to contracting standards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henschel, Rene Franz

    2008-01-01

    In managing financial cost of exception to contracting standards, the first step is to put up an intelligent contract standards exception monitoring system The next step is to maintain tailor-made, fair and transparent contracting standards The third step is to eliminate unnecessary information...... and repetitiveness in contracting standards The fourth step is to enable your organization and the customers or suppliers to handle the necessary exceptions themselves Finally you should consider the use of independent contracting standards and elimination of your own standards as a tool in managing the cost...

  2. Dynamic contracting mechanism for pavement maintenance management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Demirel, H.C.; De Ridder, H.A.J.

    2013-01-01

    Technological advances, financial possibilities and changes of demands have increasingly affected the pavement maintenance environment for outsourcing in recent years. This induces complexity in the contracting methods of pavement maintenance activities. Despite the fact that current contracting pra

  3. Effects of managed care contracting on physician labor supply.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Libby, A M; Thurston, N K

    2001-06-01

    We examine the effect of managed care contracting on physician labor supply for office-based medical practices. We extend the standard labor supply model to incorporate choices regarding the patient base. Empirical tests use data from the 1985 and 1988 national HCFA Physician Practice Costs and Income Surveys and InterStudy Managed Care Surveys. We use physician-level information on participation in managed care contracting to estimate changes in work hours. Managed care contracting is generally associated with lower physician work hours. However, accounting for motivations to participate in contracts and the extent of contracting, the effect on hours is reduced in magnitude and significance. We conclude that relying on broad aggregate measures for policy analysis will likely be misleading as underlying motivations and contracting incentives change over time.

  4. Thue use of Management Contracts for Construction in Hong Kong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dr.S.L.Tang

    2002-01-01

    A traditional construction contract requires all detal design works to be completed before tendering and subsequent construction works can commence,and therefor erequires a longer time for project completion.This paper describes a relatively new way of construction procurement using management contracts',which allow design construction overlap,and hence reduce project duration.There are advantages in management contracting,but there are disadvantages too.They are discussed in detal in this paper.Two management contracts executed in Hong Kong are used as case studies to illustrate the said advantages and disadvantages.Conclusion is then made and pssible further research work is alkso suggested.

  5. The Use of Management Contracts for Construction in Hong Kong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dr. S.L. Tang

    2002-01-01

    A traditional construction contract requires all detail design works to be completed before tendering and subsequentconstruction works can commence, and therefore requires a longer time for project completion. This paper describes ahence reduce project duration. There are advantages in management contracting, but there are disadvantages too. They arediscussed in detail in this paper. Two management contracts executed in Hong Kong are used as case studies to illustrate thesaid advantages and disadvantages. Conclusion is then made and possible further research work is also suggested.

  6. Towards Certified Management of Financial Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bahr, Patrick; Berthold, Jost; Elsman, Martin

    2014-01-01

    Banks and financial institutions nowadays often use domain-specific languages (DSLs) for describing complex financial contracts, in particular, for specifying how asset transfers for a specific contract depend on underlying observables, such as interest rates, currency rates, and stock prices...... to a precise cash-flow semantics, modelled and checked using the Coq proof assistant. Implementations of the contract language in Haskell and Coq are available online together with machine-checkable proofs (in Coq) of the key properties of the contract language....

  7. Alternatives in polymerization contraction stress management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto R. Braga

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Polymerization contraction stress of dental composites is often associated with marginal and interfacial failure of bonded restorations. The magnitude of the stress depends on the composite's composition (filler content and matrix composition and its ability to flow before gelation, which is related to the cavity configuration and curing characteristics of the composite. This article reviews the variations found among studies regarding the contraction stress testing method, contraction stress values of current composites, and discusses the validity of contraction stress studies in relation to results from microleakage tests. The effect of lower curing rates and alternative curing routines on contraction stress values is also discussed, as well as the use of low elastic modulus liners. Moreover, studies with experimental Bis-GMA-based composites and recent developments in low-shrinkage monomers are described.

  8. Total Quality Management Office for Contracting Integrity Implementation Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-07-01

    REPORT______ANDDATESCOVERED 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE S. FUNDING NUMBERS Total Quality Management Office for Contracting Integrity Implementatiun Plan 6. AUTHOR(S) 7...01-280-5500 Standard Form 298 (Rev. 2-89) P’,croed 1:, ANSI Std 3J9-16 29d. 102 4 TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT OFFICE FOR CONTRACTING INTEGRITY...IMPLEMENTATION PLAN According to the Total Quality Management (TQM) Master Plan, each PSE head, supported by Working Groups, will implement the HQ DLA Master

  9. Insurance Contract Analysis for Company Decision Support in Acquisition Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chernovita, H. P.; Manongga, D.; Iriani, A.

    2017-01-01

    One of company activities to retain their business is marketing the products which include in acquisition management to get new customers. Insurance contract analysis using ID3 to produce decision tree and rules to be decision support for the insurance company. The decision tree shows 13 rules that lead to contract termination claim. This could be a guide for the insurance company in acquisition management to prevent contract binding with these contract condition because it has a big chance for the customer to terminate their insurance contract before its expired date. As the result, there are several strong points that could be the determinant of contract termination such as: 1) customer age whether too young or too old, 2) long insurance period (above 10 years), 3) big insurance amount, 4) big amount of premium charges, and 5) payment method.

  10. Managing the relational character of public-private partnership contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cvetković Predrag

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A public-private partnership contract has the character of a relational contract. Relational contracts are incomplete agreements governing transactions where the contracting parties have mutually agreed that it is impossible or economically inefficient to contractually define ex ante possible difficulties and contingencies in the contract implementation, nor the difficulties and contingencies underlying the ex post control of contract performance by a third entity (court or arbitration. Considering the methodology of managing relational contracts, it is essential that the theory of relational contracts does not advocate for the establishment of relational contracts as a separate category of contracts, with specifically designated contractual instruments. This theory defines the relational contract as a category which legitimizes 'the relational mode' of a particular contract. The methodology of relational contracts is important for contracts on public-private partnership as it ensures that the contractual relationship is aligned with the changes in the immediate environment where the PPP contract operates. The aforementioned alignment has two aspects. The first one is the ex ante aspect of the alignment which is primarily aimed at preventing the detrimental effect of such alignment to the public partner's interests. Therefore, the intent to prevent such an effect shall be taken into account when defining the criteria for the selection of the most favorable private partner and the best offer. At the same time, it is essential to establish verifiable standards for measuring the private partner performance in the phase of contract implementation. For this goal to be achieved, it is crucial to specify the subject matter of the private partner's obligations, to establish the priority rank of PPP project objectives, to elaborate on the specific requirements governing the eligibility of private partners to participate in the bidding process, to specify

  11. Managed care contracting issues in integrated delivery systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, E E

    1996-01-01

    This article is a checklist for use by health care providers in reviewing proposed managed care contracting agreements. This checklist is not an exhaustive list, but is intended to be used as a framework for review.

  12. Organization and management of the LHC civil-engineering contracts

    CERN Document Server

    Watson, T

    1999-01-01

    Since July 1994, the CERN Civil Engineering group within the ST division has been preparing and engaging contracts related to the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) project. Several of these contracts have values in excess of 10 MCHF and will be executed over a number of years; as such they represent an important part of the infrastructure works required for the LHC. To date, in excess of two hundred and fifty companies have been consulted in relation to these contracts. Contracts or orders have been placed with over thirty companies or joint ventures of companies from nearly all the CERN Member States. This paper aims to show the inter-relationships between these contracts and how the Civil Engineering group is carrying out the management of these important LHC contracts. The organization of the group will be explained along with the roles of individual members within the group.

  13. Assessment of Aberdeen Proving Ground - Army Contracting Command, Contract Management Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-11

    Cavanagh, J. J., Lloyd, R., Logan, S., Schoenberg, A., Sochon, G., & Wheeler, E. (1999). The balanced scorecard for managing procurement performance...systems (2008). The Balance Scorecard approach is presented by Niven as “a carefully selected set of quantifiable measures derived from the...contract score card developed by Cullen looks further past the balance scorecard approach by assessing an organization’s contracted functions (2009

  14. Contracting for Management: Assessing Management Capacity under Alternative Service Delivery Arrangements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Trevor; Potoski, Matt

    2006-01-01

    Contracting critics suggest that when governments outsource, they reduce their capacity to produce services and manage service delivery. In this paper, we decompose the service delivery decision into service production and service management components. When governments contract for service production, they may also choose to contract for a…

  15. Comparative analysis between the manager contract and the administrator contract in the activity of hotel services from Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neacșu, A.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In the activity of any hotel company, the manager or the administrator plays an important role; that is why the relationships of the hotel units with managers and administrators must be well defined and assumed by both sides by means of specific contracts. Between the manager contract and the administrator contract there are similarities, but also differences. This paper analyzes the advantages and disadvantages that the two contracts present and also the situations in which they are recommended.

  16. Analysis of the 918th Contracting Battalion and 410th Contracting Support Brigade Utilizing the Contract Management Maturity Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington, VA 22202-4302, and to the Office of Management and Budget, Paperwork Reduction Project (0704-0188) Washington, DC...Command AFMC Air Force Material Command AMCOM Aviation and Missile Life Cycle Management Command APG-ACC Aberdeen Proving Ground–Army Contracting...RDECOM Research, Development, and Engineering Command SOP Standard Operating Procedure SWOT Strength, Weakness, Opportunity, Threat TACOM Tank

  17. Certified symbolic management of financial multi-party contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bahr, Patrick; Berthold, Jost; Elsman, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Domain-specific languages (DSLs) for complex financial contracts are in practical use in many banks and financial institutions today. Given the level of automation and pervasiveness of software in the sector, the financial domain is immensely sensitive to software bugs. At the same time, there is......Domain-specific languages (DSLs) for complex financial contracts are in practical use in many banks and financial institutions today. Given the level of automation and pervasiveness of software in the sector, the financial domain is immensely sensitive to software bugs. At the same time...... system, with an accompanying type inference procedure, that statically ensures that contracts follow the principle of causality. Moreover, we devise a reduction semantics that allows us to evolve contracts over time, in accordance with the denotational semantics. From the verified Coq definitions, we...... automatically extract a Haskell implementation of an embedded contract DSL along with the formally verified contract management functionality. This approach opens a road map towards more reliable contract management software, including the possibility of analysing contracts based on symbolic instead of numeric...

  18. Providing Technical Expertise for Effective Contract Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-12

    some instances not complete the requirements at all. In Iraq, this lack of diligence led to the electrocutions of Soldiers caused by faulty wiring...this lack of diligence led to the electrocutions of Soldiers caused by faulty wiring. The failure of these contracts had an impact on the overall...these would have been caught before the units were accepted by the government. Examining these two vignettes closer, an easy solution would be that

  19. 施工合同管理%Construction contract management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王德平

    2014-01-01

    In order to standardize the management of construction contract, enhance the awareness of the contract, the implementation of the provisions of the contract, according to the characteristics of the relevant state laws and regulations and Hydropower Engineering, combined with practical work, analyzing the construction contract management from the employer's perspective for the peer interaction.%为了规范施工合同管理工作,增强合同意识,贯彻执行合同规定。文章根据国家有关法律、法规及水电工程的特点,结合工作实际,从发包人角度分析施工合同管理,供同行相互交流。

  20. 25 CFR 533.2 - Time for submitting management contracts and amendments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Time for submitting management contracts and amendments. 533.2 Section 533.2 Indians NATIONAL INDIAN GAMING COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MANAGEMENT CONTRACT PROVISIONS APPROVAL OF MANAGEMENT CONTRACTS § 533.2 Time for submitting management contracts...

  1. Hotline Allegations Regarding Defense Contract Management Agency Contracting Officer Actions on Several Business System Audit Reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-20

    2 0 , 2 0 1 4 Report No. DODIG-2014-084 Hotline Allegations Regarding Defense Contract Management Agency Contracting Officer Actions on...control number. 1. REPORT DATE 20 JUN 2014 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2014 to 00-00-2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Hotline Allegations...i l / h o t l i n e HOTLINE Department of Defense F r a u d , W a s t e , & A b u s e Mission Our mission is to provide independent, relevant, and

  2. Challenges for Managed Care from 340B Contract Pharmacies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fein, Adam J

    2016-03-01

    The federal 340B Drug Pricing Program has expanded rapidly, with important yet still unmeasured impact on both managed care practice and policies. Notably, providers increasingly rely on external, contract pharmacies to extend 340B pricing to a broad set of patients. In 2014, 1 in 4 U.S. retail, mail, and specialty pharmacy locations acted as contract pharmacies for 340B-covered entities. This commentary discusses crucial ways in which 340B growth is affecting managed care pharmacy through formulary rebates, profits from managed care paid prescriptions, disruption of retail pharmacy networks, and reduced generic dispensing rates. Managed care should become more engaged in the discussion on how the 340B program should evolve and offer policy proposals to mitigate the challenges being encountered. There is also an urgent need for objective, transparent research on the 340B program's costs, benefits, and implications for managed care pharmacy and practice.

  3. Incentive Contracting For Venture Capital Fund Managers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leisen, Dietmar P. J.

    2009-09-01

    It is well-known in the VC literature that VCs should provide so-called value-adding activities that nurture their venture companies. This paper presents a model of the VC market that takes account of the so-called carried interest on the choice of the risk level and actions. We determine the optimal actions of the fund managers and what would be the desired actions of the fund's investors. Conflicts of interest between the parties will be documented.

  4. Management of Liquidity Risk Using Foreign Exchange Swap Contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivica Prga

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Croatian banks, like the other world banks, are exposed to liquidity risk. This is very significant question to them, particularly in this complex and crisis time. Therefore, the Croatian banks pay much attention to the management of liquidity. In these attempts, the banks use various derivative financial instruments of which the foreign exchange swap contracts are particularly remarkable.

  5. Trends in managed care contracting among U.S. hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gautam, K; Campbell, C; Arrington, B

    1995-01-01

    This article describes the changing profile of hospitals initiating managed care contracts as of 1992. Based on statistical tests, early contractors rank higher on profitability, case mix, bed size, affiliation, and urban location. In contrast, recent and noncontractors are predominantly rural, freestanding hospitals with low case mix, low profitability, high subacute services, and government ownership. A number of lessons for the future are drawn and a stage-by-stage approach to studying managed care issues is proposed.

  6. 48 CFR 970.5222-1 - Collective Bargaining Agreements Management and Operating Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Solicitation Provisions and Contract Clauses for Management and Operating Contracts 970.5222-1 Collective... clause: Collective Bargaining Agreements—Management and Operating Contracts (DEC 2000) When negotiating collective bargaining agreements applicable to the work force under this contract, the Contractor shall use...

  7. Contractions

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the opening to the uterus through which the baby passes during delivery). The contractions tend to increase in the weeks ... experience cramps, contractions and discomfort for weeks before delivery. ... The feeling that the baby has settled lower in your belly. This can ...

  8. Analysis of Naval Facilities Engineering Command’s (NAVFAC) Contracting Processes Using the Contract Management Maturity Model (CMMM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-12-01

    influencing contract awards as part of the 2006 scandal involving Representative Randy ‘Duke’ Cunningham and defense contractor, Mitchell Wade. Also...Antecedents and Consequences of Failed Governance: the Enron Example. Corporate Governance, 5: 5. Garrett, G., & Rendon, R. 2005(a). Contract Management

  9. Contract Management of LHC Civil Engineering at Point 5

    CERN Document Server

    Osborne, J A

    1999-01-01

    Civil engineering work commenced in August 1998 at LEP Point 5 for the underground and surface works necessary to accommodate the CMS detector for the LHC project. The principal underground works consist of two parallel caverns, separated by a support pillar, two new shafts, a number of smaller connection and service galleries and tunnel enlargements on the existing LEP tunnel. The surface works consist of the 140 m long SX building for the detector assembly and numerous other steel and concrete structures necessary for the installation and operation of CMS. The civil engineering design and supervision has been awarded to a joint venture of Gibb (UK), SGI (Switzerland) and Geoconsult (Austria), and the contracting to a joint venture of Dragados (Spain) and Seli (Italy) for 112 MCHF. The aim of this paper is to discuss the management of this contract and in particular how the various parties interact in order to work most efficiently.

  10. Project Hanford Management Contract (PHMC) pollution prevention program implementation plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Place, B.G., Westinghouse Hanford

    1996-12-31

    This plan documents the Project Hanford Management Contract (PHMC) Pollution Prevention/Waste Minimization (P2/WMin) Program. The subject implementation plan has been updated to reflect the Fiscal Year (FY) 1997 contract structure in which Fluor Daniel Hanford, Inc. (FDH) is the management and integration contractor. The P2/WMin Program scope includes FDH as the principal PHMC contractor, and B&W Hanford Company (BWHC), Duke Engineering & Services Hanford, Inc. (DESH), Lockheed Martin Hanford Corporation, (LMHC), Numatec Hanford Corporation (NHC), Rust Federal Services of Hanford, Inc. (RFSH), and DynCorp Tri-Cities Services, Inc. (DYN) as PHMC contractors, as well as subcontracting enterprise companies, such as Fluor Daniel Northwest, Inc. (FDNW), Lockheed Martin Services, Inc. (LMSI), and Rust Federal Services Northwest (RFS), which provide engineering, operation, construction, maintenance, and computer services for the Hanford Site. The P2/WMin Program scope also includes all other subcontractor-affiliated enterprise companies, such as B&W Protec, Inc. (BWP), DE&S Northwest, Inc. (DESNW), and SGN Eurisys Services Corp. (SESC).

  11. Management of government quality assurance functions for NASA contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    This handbook sets forth requirements for NASA direction and management of government quality assurance functions performed for NASA contracts and is applicable to all NASA installations. These requirements will standardize management to provide the minimum oversight and effective use of resources. This handbook implements Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) Part 46, NASA FAR Supplement 18-46, Quality Assurance, and NMI 7410.1. Achievement of established quality and reliability goals at all levels is essential to the success of NASA programs. Active participation by NASA and other agency quality assurance personnel in all phases of contract operations, including precontract activity, will assist in the economic and timely achievement of program results. This involves broad participation in design, development, procurement, inspection, testing, and preventive and corrective actions. Consequently, government, as well as industry, must place strong emphasis on the accomplishment of all functions having a significant bearing on quality and reliability from program initiation through end-use of supplies and services produced. For purposes of implementing NASA and other agency agreements, and to provide for uniformity and consistency, the terminology and definitions prescribed herein and in a future handbook shall be utilized for all NASA quality assurance delegations and subsequent redelegations.

  12. TANK OPERATIONS CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT METHODOLOGY UTILIZING THE AGENCY METHOD OF CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    LESKO KF; BERRIOCHOA MV

    2010-02-26

    Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC (WRPS) has faced significant project management challenges in managing Davis-Bacon construction work that meets contractually required small business goals. The unique challenge is to provide contracting opportunities to multiple small business constructioin subcontractors while performing high hazard work in a safe and productive manner. Previous to the WRPS contract, construction work at the Hanford Tank Farms was contracted to large companies, while current Department of Energy (DOE) Contracts typically emphasize small business awards. As an integral part of Nuclear Project Management at Hanford Tank Farms, construction involves removal of old equipment and structures and installation of new infrastructure to support waste retrieval and waste feed delivery to the Waste Treatment Plant. Utilizing the optimum construction approach ensures that the contractors responsible for this work are successful in meeting safety, quality, cost and schedule objectives while working in a very hazardous environment. This paper descirbes the successful transition from a traditional project delivery method that utilized a large business general contractor and subcontractors to a new project construction management model that is more oriented to small businesses. Construction has selected the Agency Construction Management Method (John E Schaufelberger, Len Holm, "Management of Construction Projects, A Constructor's Perspective", University of Washington, Prentice Hall 2002). This method was implemented in the first quarter of Fiscal Year 2009 (FY2009), where Construction Management is performed by substantially home office resources from the URS Northwest Office in Richland, Washington. The Agency Method has allowed WRPS to provide proven Construction Managers and Field Leads to mentor and direct small business contractors, thus providing expertise and assurance of a successful project. Construction execution contracts are

  13. Defense Health Care: Acquisition Process for TRICARE’s Third Generation of Managed Care Support Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-01

    Selection Team Roles and Responsibilities for TRICARE’s Contract Award Process 11 Figure 3: Timeline of Bid Protest Events for TRICARE’s North Region...14-195 TRICARE Managed Care Support Contracts Figure 2: Source Selection Team Roles and Responsibilities for TRICARE’s Contract Award Process

  14. Turning Risks into Opportunities in Contract Management: A Case Study in the Health Care Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth McVicker

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: This case study presented students with a situation based in the healthcare industry, highlighting the importance of contract review, clear communications and interestbased negotiations in order to avoid the costly consequences that could be associated with contract related disputes. The case allowed students to understand how clearly written contracts play a deciding role in the success of business partnerships. Students practiced negotiation skills while discussing the performance clauses of the contract and considering effective amendments to that contract with the purpose of extending a business relationship. Approach: The author interviewed a project manager working for a preferred implementation vendor which had a contract with a large hospital provider in Colorado and California. The purpose of the interview and the case study focused on contract law, contract management, enterprise risk management and negotiation skills. The case study is based on class room use with practical, real-life contract management scenarios. Results: The team projects submitted for this case study in case management highlighted the receptivity of students in understanding the benefit of preserving business relationships, avoiding litigation and carefully wording the specifics of complex contracts. The students excelled in practicing interest-based bargaining skills and writing contract amendments that reflected the specifics of the complex contract problem presented. Conclusion/Recommendations: Case studies focused on real business situations resonate well with upper division students in business law classes; the complexities of the situations and of the contract language did not deter students from brainstorming solutions to the problems presented and in writing amendments to the contract such that the business relationship was preserved. The results of the students’ work on this case study problem were presented to the

  15. An Analysis of Internal Controls for DoD Contract Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    ensure auditability in contract management , the DOD needs to have effective internal controls (Rendon & Rendon, 2015). B. PURPOSE OF RESEARCH The...they have the appropriate workforce and contract management processes to manage these areas mentioned effectively and must provide verification that...performance, and quality. One quantitative way that performance is measured is by utilizing earned value management (EVM). Earned value management is a

  16. The Contract Management Body of Knowledge: A Comparison of Contracting Competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    Some may even say that government contracting possesses an esoteric body of knowledge ( Zemansky & Gordon, 1981). Ultimately, the purpose of a...PA Times. Retrieved 1 December 2013 from http://patimes.org/current-state-defense- contracting/ 89 Zemansky , S. D., & Gordon, S. B. (1981). The

  17. The many outcomes from contracting out: The voice of public managers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholst, Andrej Christian; Hansen, Morten Balle; Randrup, Thomas Barfoed

    2017-01-01

    for gaining deeper, more detailed insights. The public manager perspective is explored in an inductive analysis of answers to open-ended survey questions collected from public managers with contracting experience within the context of municipal park management in Scandinavia. The emerging managerial......This paper argues that adopting a stakeholder approach to the study of contracting outcomes produces more rich and rounded representations of the realities of the contracting out of public services. We revisit the research on contracting outcomes, highlighting the public manager perspective as key...... perspective is summarised in a best-case, worst-case and complex-case scenario highlighting the mix, complexities and trade-offs in a composite set of contracting outcomes. The nature of contracting outcomes as complex and composite rather than unidimensional is one key finding. Furthermore, the importance...

  18. Management contracts and competition in prices or quantities as strategic tools for differentiated duopoly

    OpenAIRE

    Castillo Velosa, Monique; Jácome Liévano, Flavio

    2011-01-01

    This article analyzes a differentiated duopoly, in which each business use twos strategic tools to compete with its rival: management incentive contracts, and a choice between prices and quantities. Using the non-cooperative game theory, it is found in equilibrium that (i) when the businesses (i) do not hire managers with substitute (complementary) price contracts are the dominant strategy; with complementary items,quantity (price) contracts become the dominant strategy; (ii) when the compani...

  19. MANAGING ENGINEERING ACTIVITIES FOR THE PLATEAU REMEDIATION CONTRACT - HANFORD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    KRONVALL CM

    2011-01-14

    In 2008, the primary Hanford clean-up contract transitioned to the CH2MHill Plateau Remediation Company (CHPRC). Prior to transition, Engineering resources assigned to remediation/Decontamination and Decommissioning (D&D) activities were a part of a centralized engineering organization and matrixed to the performing projects. Following transition, these resources were reassigned directly to the performing project, with a loose matrix through a smaller Central Engineering (CE) organization. The smaller (10 FTE) central organization has retained responsibility for the overall technical quality of engineering for the CHPRC, but no longer performs staffing and personnel functions. As the organization has matured, there are lessons learned that can be shared with other organizations going through or contemplating performing a similar change. Benefits that have been seen from the CHPRC CE organization structure include the following: (1) Staff are closely aligned with the 'Project/facility' that they are assigned to support; (2) Engineering priorities are managed to be consistent with the 'Project/facility' priorities; (3) Individual Engineering managers are accountable for identifying staffing needs and the filling of staffing positions; (4) Budget priorities are managed within the local organization structure; (5) Rather than being considered a 'functional' organization, engineering is considered a part of a line, direct funded organization; (6) The central engineering organization is able to provide 'overview' activities and maintain independence from the engineering organizations in the field; and (7) The central engineering organization is able to maintain a stable of specialized experts that are able to provide independent reviews of field projects and day-to-day activities.

  20. 48 CFR 970.2305 - Workplace substance abuse programs-management and operating contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Workplace substance abuse programs-management and operating contracts. 970.2305 Section 970.2305 Federal Acquisition Regulations... Work Place 970.2305 Workplace substance abuse programs—management and operating contracts....

  1. Academic health systems management: the rationale behind capitated contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taheri, P A; Butz, D A; Greenfield, L J

    2000-06-01

    To determine why hospitals enter into "capitated" contracts, which often generate accounting losses. The authors' hypothesis is that hospitals coordinate contracts to keep beds full and that in principal, capitated contracts reflect sound capacity management. In high-overhead industries, different consumers pay different prices for similar services (e.g., full-fare vs. advanced-purchase plane tickets, full tuition vs. financial aid). Some consumers gain access by paying less than total cost. Hospitals, like other high-overhead business enterprises, must optimize the use of their capacity, amortizing overhead over as many patients as possible. This necessity for enhanced throughput forces hospitals and health systems to discount empty beds, sometimes to the point where they incur accounting losses serving some payors. The authors analyzed the cost accounting system at their university teaching hospital to compare hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) lengths of stay (LOS), variable direct costs (VDC), overhead of capitated patients, and reimbursement versus other payors for all hospital discharges (n = 29,036) in fiscal year 1998. The data were analyzed by diagnosis-related groups (DRGs), length of stay (LOS), insurance carrier, proximity to hospital, and discharge disposition. Patients were then distinguished across payor categories based on their resource utilization, proximity to the hospital, DRG, LOS, and discharge status. The mean cost for capitated patients was $4,887, less than half of the mean cost of $10,394 for the entire hospitalized population. The mean capitated reimbursement was $928/day, exceeding the mean daily VDC of $616 but not the total cost of $1,445/day. Moreover, the mean total cost per patient day of treating a capitated patient was $400 less than the mean total cost per day for noncapitated patients. The hospital's capitated health maintenance organization (HMO) patients made up 16. 0% of the total admissions but only 9.4% of the total

  2. Contracts and management services site support program plan WBS 6.10.14

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knoll, J.M. Jr.

    1994-09-01

    Contracts and Management Services is recognized as the central focal point for programs having company or sitewide application in pursuit of the Hanford Missions`s financial and operational objectives. Contracts and Management Services actively pursues cost savings and operational efficiencies through: Management Standards by ensuring all employees have an accessible, integrated system of clear, complete, accurate, timely, and useful management control policies and procedures; Contract Reform by restructuring the contract, organization, and cost accounting systems to refocus Hanford contract activities on output products; Systems and Operations Evaluation by directing the Cost Reduction program, Great Ideas, and Span of Management activities; Program Administration by enforcing conditions of Accountability (whether DEAR-based or FAR-based) for WHC, BCSR, ICF KH, and BHI; Contract Performance activities; chairing the WHC Cost Reduction Review Board; and analyzing companywide Performance Measures; Data Standards and Administration by establishing and directing the company data management program; giving direction to the major RL programs and mission areas for implementation of cost-effective and efficient data management practices; directing all operations, application, and interfaces contained within the Hanford PeopleCore System; directing accomplishment and delivery of TPA data management milestones; and directing the sitewide data management processes for Data Standards and the Data Directory.

  3. HOW TO COMPILE A PROJECT MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR AN OVERSEAS CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION PROJECT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李彦

    2010-01-01

    @@ Generally before the commencement of an international project contract,the Client and the Consulting Engineer may require the Contractor to submit a relevant Project Management Plan(PMP)according to the provisions prescribed in the tender documents or contract documents within a specified period of time.The approved PMP by the Client and the Consulting Engineer shall be strictly abided by the Contractor during the whole process of contract implementation.

  4. A Benefit Measurement Framework for an Online Contract Change Management System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ming Sun; Tejas Oza

    2008-01-01

    The contract change management (CCM) system is an online collaboration tool, which supports the contract change management process of new engineering contract (NEC) contract. It is currently used in practice on a wide range of civil, power, and building projects in the UK. The aim of this study is first to iden-tify the tangible and intangible benefits of the system through a user survey; then to develop a framework to measure these benefits. A questionnaire survey is conducted, which reveals that CCM can help project teams improve process effectiveness, reduce risk of process failures, and increase the compliance with NEC requirements. Subsequently, a spreadsheet tool is developed to allow CCM users to calculate the tan-gible cost savings as a result of using the system. For intangible benefits, a change management maturity model (CM3) is developed, which provides a measurement framework for assessing the improvement of a project team's capability in dealing with contract changes.

  5. Heuristic approach for risk assessment modeling: EPCCM application (Engineer Procure Construct Contract Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali F. Bakr

    2012-12-01

    Finally, EPCCM; modeling system is created to assist contract administrators, to diminish time, effort, wading back and forth between construction cases and developed projects. The result is a more efficient and proactive contract management environment by providing database for lessons learned in addition to tracking ongoing projects contractual risks, and consequently for issuing relevant decisions and activity plans.

  6. Performance Contracting as a Performance Management Tool in the Public Sector in Kenya: Lessons of learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hope, Kempe Ronald, Sr.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to provide an assessment and analysis of public sector performance contracting as a performance management tool in Kenya. It aims to demonstrate that performance contracting remains a viable and important tool for improving public sector performance as a key element of the on-going public sector transformation…

  7. Mission and Installation Contracting Command Services Acquisition: Empirical Analysis of Army Service Contract Management Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    The two theories we discuss are the agency and transaction cost theory. We present the conceptual framework of these theories and discuss how... transaction cost theory takes into account indirect costs associated with a product or service (Williamson, 2010). In application, analyzing the costs...explanation for why LPTA was the preferred method can be attributed to the transaction cost theory, which may explain why contracting offices may

  8. Mission and Installation Contracting Command Services Acquisition: Empirical Analysis of Army Service Contract Management Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-10

    reform procurement and oversight of services acquisition. Furthermore, another important motive for reform is the current budget crisis the United...63 154 ch i ‐square d  S tat 13.6206 d f 1 p ‐value    0.0002 ch i ‐square d   Critica l   3.8415 Use  o f  IGEs  fo r Contracts  Ove r $  100K

  9. Actions to Align Defense Contract Management Agency and Defense Contract Audit Agency Functions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-13

    Contracting Otlicersmight n<!ed to analyze proposals. It is speciti~lly with this capablllry in mind tlu~t the decision was made. While il is rccogniu...involving pricing. fo rward pricing. final overhead and CAS cost impact seulements. The DCMA Mission Review Team ( MRT ) will also review the case lites...and regulations. We will report results of the MRT reviews in these areas on a semi-annual basis for the remainder ofFY 2012 and FY 20 l 3. (b

  10. Trust-based or performance-based management: a study of employment contracting in hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pettersen, Inger Johanne

    2011-01-01

    Hospitals are frequently changing managerial practices due to numerous public sector reforms taking place. In general, these reforms include the making and monitoring of contracts that regulate relations between the hospitals and their professional staffs. The aim of this paper is to discuss some main characteristics of the contracts that regulate the perceived relations between physicians as employees and the public hospital as employer. The theoretical framework is based on a contract theory approach. The empirical data is based on survey data from full-time employed physicians in the medical and surgical divisions in one of the largest university hospitals in Norway. This study shows that perceived obligations and psychological contracts indicate high degree of relational contracts between the hospital and the physicians. These socio-cultural elements should be recognized as important mechanisms of coordination and communication when policy makers and hospital managers are designing hospital management control systems.

  11. Customer relationship management in the contract pharmaceutical industry: an exploratory study for measuring success.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kros, John F; Nadler, Scott; Molis, Justin

    2007-01-01

    Managing customer relationships is a very important issue in business-to-business markets. This research investigates the growing number of available resources defining Customer Relationship Management (CRM) efforts, and how they are being applied within the Contract Pharmaceutical Manufacturing industry. Exploratory study results using face-to-face and telephone questionnaires based on four criteria for rating a company's CRM efforts are presented. Data was collected from large Contract Pharmaceutical Manufacturing companies in the US market. The results and conclusions are discussed relating how the Contract Pharmaceutical Manufacturing industry is implementing CRM including some potential steps to take when considering a CRM initiative.

  12. Why Training for Service Contract Management is Mission Essential

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-11-01

    The widely reported overcharging by Kellogg Brown & Root for gasoline during the Iraq invasion, the Abu Ghraib prisoner abuse scandal , and the Air...contracting adage says, Where there is no audit, there is no ethics. The recent Enron debacle provides an excellent example of just how true this adage can

  13. Contract System for Circulation of the Right to Rural Land Contractual Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    From the perspective of civil subject theory,law of value,comparative law and history of laws,the thesis expounds that the contract on the transfer of the contractual right of rural lands is in nature a civil contract instead of an administrative one.Then it explores the defects in the contract from the viewpoint of legal value goal,contract law and legal sociology,that is,the relevant provisions in Rural Land Contract Law and Explanations of Supreme People’s Court about the Issues concerning the Laws Applicable to the Trial of Cases of Disputes over Rural Land Contracting go against the principle of free contracting and run counter to the legal value goal of justice,so they do not achieve good implementing effect.Finally,the thesis demonstrates and makes some practical legislative proposals to perfect the contract system for circulation of the right to operate constructed rural lands,aiming at improving the circulation rate through perfecting the contract of the right to rural land contractual management,solving the disputes in rural lands circulation and safeguarding the legitimate rights of the farmers.

  14. A Contract That Manages Itself: The Time Has Arrived

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-01

    unlike a relational database that stores and retrieves data items, an ontologi - cal database system brings understanding into the realm of data queries...tological database will solve this problem. In the intelligent contract paradigm, an ontological da- tabase will be developed to link data from the...reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of

  15. The economical contracting management in Agricultural Cooperatives: tools for evaluating their performance.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Enrique Viña Echevarría

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The economic and management contracts involve strategic actions, legal and operational purposes that make possible to convert the goal of an organization on results that express the fulfillment of the mandates and satisfies customers on the basis of the duties and obligations set out in the negotiating document. This article aims to get inside into the performance evaluation of the management of the recruitment of Agricultural Cooperatives and to reflex about the insufficiencies evidenced in this process. To which we developed a theoretical valuation and economic procurement praxiological showing a group of deficiencies that have impacted in the contracts management The study was able to obtain, process, analyze, interpret and argue the problems associated with economic contracting and justify the need to propose a system of indicators to assess recruitment management Agricultural Cooperatives in the province of Sancti Spiritus, the results revealed the ineffectiveness of the process and the negative impact on the productive base.

  16. Implementation guide for Hanford Tanks Initiative C-106 heel retrieval contract management HNF-2511

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McDaniel, L.B.

    1998-04-17

    This report is an Implementation Guide for Hanford Tanks Initiative C-106 heel retrieval contract management HNF-2511 to provide a set of uniform instructions for managing the two contractors selected. The primary objective is to produce the necessary deliverables and services for the HTI project within schedule and budget.

  17. Air Force Civil Engineer Center Management of Energy Savings Performance Contracts Needs Improvement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-04

    generated a database of trained Air Force personnel. Air Force Energy Office officials stated that they did not reach out to DOE-FEMP to track Air Force...completed, and terminated Air Force energy -savings performance-contract projects. The database should include, but not be limited to, appropriate...Force Civil Engineer Center Management of Energy Savings Performance Contracts Needs Improvement M A Y 4 , 2 0 1 6 Report No. DODIG-2016-087 Mission

  18. Privacy Management Contracts And Economics, Using Service Level Agreements (Sla)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L-F. Pau (Louis-François)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractRecognizing the importance of privacy management as a business process and a business support process, this paper proposes the use of service level agreements around privacy features, including qualitative and quantitative ones. It also casts privacy management into a business

  19. Privacy Management Contracts And Economics, Using Service Level Agreements (Sla)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L-F. Pau (Louis-François)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractRecognizing the importance of privacy management as a business process and a business support process, this paper proposes the use of service level agreements around privacy features, including qualitative and quantitative ones. It also casts privacy management into a business perspectiv

  20. Army Contracting Command - Aberdeen Proving Ground Contracting Center’s Management of Noncompetitive Awards Was Generally Justified

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-19

    officer , the J&A should have been documented in the Army Paperless Contract File system; however, we did not find evidence of a completed J&A in the Army... Paperless Contract File system. The contracting officer also stated that a contract specialist uploaded the electronic contract documentation to...reports or contact the Secondary Reports Distribution Unit auditnet@dodig.mil. Suggestions for Audits To suggest or request audits, contact the Office

  1. DCASR (Defense Contract Administration Service Region), Boston Is the Customer’s Voice. Total Quality Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-10-01

    This document contains information concerning actions taken in FY 89 to implement Total Quality Management at Defense Contract Administration Services Region, Boston. Results of Quality Improvement efforts are discussed in detail. Management by planning vision elements which drive the DCASR Boston approach to management are customer focus, process focus and measures of vision attainment. Each of the elements is discussed in depth. Keywords: Continuous process improvement; Quality improvement prototype nomination.

  2. Reduction of construction wastes by improving construction contract management: a multinational evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendis, Daylath; Hewage, Kasun N; Wrzesniewski, Joanna

    2013-10-01

    The Canadian construction industry generates 30% of the total municipal solid waste deposited in landfills. Ample evidence can be found in the published literature about rework and waste generation due to ambiguity and errors in contract documents. Also, the literature quotes that disclaimer clauses in contract documents are included in the contractual agreements to prevent contractor claims, which often cause rework. Our professional practice has also noted that there are several disclaimer clauses in standard contract documents which have the potential to cause rework (and associated waste). This article illustrates a comparative study of standard contractual documents and their potential to create rework (and associated waste) in different regions of the world. The objectives of this study are (1) to analyse standard contractual documents in Canada, the USA and Australia in terms of their potential to generate rework and waste, and (2) to propose changes/amendments to the existing standard contract documents to minimise/avoid rework. In terms of construction waste management, all the reviewed standard contract documents have deficiencies. The parties that produce the contract documents include exculpatory clauses to avoid the other party's claims. This approach tends to result in rework and construction waste. The contractual agreements/contract documents should be free from errors, deficiencies, ambiguity and unfair risk transfers to minimise/avoid potential to generate rework and waste.

  3. Defense Procurement: An Analysis of Contract Management Internal Controls

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-22

    organization’s transformation in its governance and knowledge management capabilities. Power states, “Auditability is a condition of possibility of all...inspection and auditing practices and also a mode of organizational transformation ” (2007, p. 14). This organizational transformation occurs when...Inflated, or Duplicate Invoices Unbalanced Bidding False Statement and Claims Acquisition Research Program Graduate School of Business

  4. The new Facilities Management contract at CERN from 1st July 2002

    CERN Document Server

    Mauro Nonis

    2002-01-01

    Within the ST Division, all the Facilities Management activities have been under the ST/TFM group responsibility until the 30th June 2002, who has performed them using around 20 industrial support contracts. Starting from the 1st July 2002 a new unit, ST/FM, will take over these activities that will be unified into one single contract that has been adjudicated to the company Facilities Management Network SA. This contract will be in charge of the maintenance and minor works on tertiary installations (i.e. all structures and installations that have no direct relation to the running of the accelerators) for the following trades: - Technical: heating, ventilation, air conditioning, plumbing, electricity, civil engineering (painting, roofing, glazing, blinds, fencing, masonry etc.), passenger and goods lifts, automatic and powered doors, kitchen equipment, roads, signs, keys and locks, office furniture, - Services: waste collection, security, green areas, cleaning and sanitary supplies, disinfection, rodent cont...

  5. THE NEW FACILITIES MANAGEMENT CONTRACT AT CERN FROM 1st JULY 2002

    CERN Multimedia

    Mauro Nonis

    2002-01-01

    Within the ST Division, all the Facilities Management activities have been under the ST/TFM group responsibility until the 30th June 2002, who has performed them using around 20 industrial support contracts. Starting from the 1st July 2002 a new unit, ST/FM, will take over these activities that will be unified into one single contract that has been adjudicated to the company Facilities Management Network SA. This contract will be in charge of the maintenance and minor works on tertiary installations (i.e. all structures and installations that have no direct relation to the running of the accelerators) for the following trades: Technical: heating, ventilation, air conditioning, plumbing, electricity, civil engineering (painting, roofing, glazing, blinds, fencing, masonry etc.), passenger and goods lifts, automatic and powered doors, kitchen equipment, roads, signs, keys and locks, office furniture, Services: waste collection, security, green areas, cleaning and sanitary supplies, disinfection, rodent contro...

  6. Usage of Option Contracts for Foreign Exchange Risk Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Armeanu

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Today in Romania, in the context of the liberalization of the capital account and under a floating exchange rate (official is a managed floating currency regime established by National Bank of Romania the foreign exchange rate is very volatile. In consequence the financial institutions, corporations and, especially, the importers and exporters have to deal with a big exposition of currency risk related with their activities. Financial institutions and corporations today must adopt new roles in order to compete successfully in the explosively evolving foreign exchange markets. The methods, instruments and techniques used to manage foreign exchange risk are more complex than ever before. The objective of our paper is to provide the techniques and insights needed to pinpoint opportunities and control risks. We will present the most modern practical methods for managing the currency risk: option strategies (spread, strangle, straddle, etc. Also we will present the advantage, the disadvantage and our opinions related with the use of currency derivatives instruments (especially currency strategies options, making a comparative analysis.

  7. Review of the Literature on the Changing Psychological Contract: Implications on Career Management and Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lessner, Ryan; Akdere, Mesut

    2008-01-01

    The changing psychological contract has become a focus for organizational development, especially as job roles within organizations continue to change. This literature review examines the evolving employee-employer relationship and how this relationship has impacted career management and organizations for over the past century. The paper…

  8. 聘用合同护士的管理%Management of Engaging Contract Nurses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    连金霞; 李爱斌

    2001-01-01

    To inquire into the management experience of the engaging contract nurses, it is expatiated in this article that the barrier inviting applications for a job must be hold tightly in inviting applications for a job of the contract nurses; the examine barrier must be hold tightly in the training of the contract nurses; the system barrier must be hold tightly in the using of the contract nurses; the using for the reference experience can be provided for the management of the contract nurses.%为探讨聘用合同护士的管理经验,本文阐述了在合同护士的招聘中,严把招聘关;在合同护士的培训中,严把考核关;在合同护士的使用中,严把制度关;为聘用护士的管理提供可以借鉴的经验。

  9. System for Award Management (SAM) -- Creating Efficiencies in Federal Government Contracting through the Use of Streamlining and Integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    beginning of the mandated use of e- commerce in federal business ( Graw & Wyatt III, 2002). Based on FASA, DoD formed the Joint Electronic Commerce...Contract Management, 34–41. Graw , L. H., & Wyatt III, J. B. (2002, September). Getting on the e-procurement bandwagon. Contract Management, 40–43

  10. Research on Risks Recognition and Management of Contractor on the Design Construction Pattern of Contract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨鹏飞

    2013-01-01

    By combining with the implementation in expressway of traffic branch’s test point of design construction pattern of contract,the paper illustrates the risks from the bidding,the design of the construction graphic,the process dynamic design and construction process,the recognition of the unpredictable risks,the risk recognition,the evaluation,the prevention and the control of the risk management,so as to seek for the method which can be favorable for improving the design construction contract.

  11. The influence of performance appraisal on the psychological contract of the inpatriate manager

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jane F. Maley

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the extent, nature and limitations of performance appraisals, and the subsequent influence that these issues may have on the psychological contract of inpatriate managers in a sector of the health care industry in Australia. Eighteen in-depth interviews using a grounded theory methodology revealed that the process was significantly influenced by multinational organisations’ emphasis on the bottom line and the inpatriate manager’s relationship with his/her supervisor. Furthermore, the findings suggest that the inpatriate manager’s experience of his/her performance appraisal frequently results in a perception of violation of his/her psychological contract with the organisation.

  12. A Probe into the Mortgage Rates of Land Contract Management Rights Based on Unified Annual Output Value

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhongjun; YI

    2013-01-01

    The mortgage of land contract management rights has launched a pilot project in Ningxia,Hubei,Henan,Guizhou,Chongqing and other provinces,municipalities and autonomous regions,which provides a good solution to the problem of funds for rural development and plays a huge role in promoting local rural economic development.In the mortgage financing of land contract management rights implemented in various regions,how to determine a scientific,accurate and reasonable mortgage rate of land contract management rights becomes a difficulty troubling the mortgage financing of land.On the basis of unified annual output value of land,this article uses survey method,income capitalization method,and comparison method to analyze the value of land contract management rights,and finally determine the mortgage rates of land contract management rights.

  13. Health, safety, and environmental management system operation in contracting companies: A case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nassiri, Parvin; Yarahmadi, Rasoul; Gholami, Pari Shafaei; Hamidi, Abdolamir; Mirkazemi, Roksana

    2016-05-01

    Systematic and cooperative interactions among parent industry and contractors are necessary for a successful health, safety, and environmental management system (HSE-MS). This study was conducted to evaluate the HSE-MS performance in contracting companies in one of the petrochemical industries in Iran during 2013. Managers of parent and contracting companies participated in this study. The data collection forms included 7 elements of an integrated HSE-MS (leadership and commitment; policy and strategic objectives; organization, resources, and documentation; evaluation and risk management; planning; implementation and monitoring; auditing and reviewing). The results showed that mean percentage of the total scores in seven elements of HSE-MS was 85.7% and 87.0% based on self-report and report of parent company, respectively. In conclusion, this study showed that HSE-MS was desirably functioning; however, improvement to ensure health and safety of workers is still required.

  14. [The Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency performance evaluation at the management contract model].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreira, Elka Maltez de Miranda; Costa, Ediná Alves

    2010-11-01

    The Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa) is supervised by the Ministry of Health by means of a management contract, a performance evaluation tool. This case study was aimed at describing and analyzing Anvisa's performance evaluation model based on the agency's institutional purpose, according to the following analytical categories: the management contract formalization, evaluation tools, evaluators and institutional performance. Semi-structured interviews and document analysis revealed that Anvisa signed only one management contract with the Ministry of Health in 1999, updated by four additive terms. The Collegiate Board of Directors and the Advisory Center for Strategic Management play the role of Anvisa's internal evaluators and an Assessing Committee, comprising the Ministry of Health, constitutes its external evaluator. Three phases were identified in the evaluation model: the structuring of the new management model (1999-2000), legitimation regarding the productive segment (2001-2004) and widespread legitimation (2005). The best performance was presented in 2000 (86.05%) and the worst in 2004 (40.00%). The evaluation model was shown to have contributed little towards the agency's institutional purpose and the effectiveness measurement of the implemented actions.

  15. The integrated supplier: key to cost management and multi-franchise capitation contracting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuweiler, R C

    1996-05-01

    Capitation...most healthcare providers do not work under it, comprehend it, or even want it, yet supply capitation contracting seminars are popping up everywhere creating the feeling that the bandwagon is leaving, and it might be time to get on board. Not true. Supply capitation is not for all organizations. Capitation contracting is not easy and there are not many successful models to help the uninitiated. If a panacea is sought for reducing supply costs, capitation is only one component of a systematic strategy to reduce materiel costs. This article suggests a direction using the Group Health Materiel Management (Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound, WA) experience as a point of reference. It advocates a systematic approach that focuses on expense reduction in: cost of goods, holding cost of inventory, labor cost associated with all materiel processes, distribution cost (transportation and par stock pick, pack, and replenishment), product utilization, variation in product standards, and waste stream byproducts. At Group Health (GH) these issues are primarily addressed through the use of: information systems, supplier certification/selection processes, group purchasing compliance, supply channel management, supply capitation contracting programs, standardization, and utilization management. Because of managed care organizational structure, Group Health Cooperative supply capitation contracting, as performed at GH, is discussed not as a quick fix solution but in the spirit of sharing our experience with others who may be considering it as a cost savings tactic in the context of a broad-based materiel management strategy. This article highlights the experiences of GH beginning with materiel management's business process assumptions toward multiple-franchise supply capitation.

  16. Importance of effective contract management of GasPacifico Pipeline Project : a case study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marshall, R.G.; Proctor, C. [GasPacifico Project (Argentina)

    2000-07-01

    This paper described the contracting challenges and bid evaluations for the GasPacifico Project which involved the construction of 543 km of NPS 20 and NPS 24 high pressure gas pipeline to connect natural gas reserves in the Province of Neuquen, Argentina to industrial and domestic markets in Concepcion, Chile. The line passes through difficult terrain in the Andes Mountain Range and Coastal Mountain Range. TransCanada International Ltd. (TCI) was responsible for the overall project management of the project from design, construction and contract administration. Call for bids on the project went out in March 1998 and contracts were awarded less than 5 months later in July 1998. TCI's objective was to ensure that the contractors had the experience, resources and financial ability to successfully complete the project. The work was divided into distinct contract packages on the basis of changes in pipe diameter, natural changes in topography, border between Argentina/Chile, and considerations related to the large number of landowners in agricultural and urban zones. Based on a review of pre-qualifications, 18 contractors were invited on a reconnaissance tour to familiarize the bidders with the project. When a review of the technical bids was completed, evaluation of the commercial bids began. When the difference in technical rating was very small, the lowest technically acceptable bidder was accepted. The project was constructed on schedule and under budget. It was noted that much of this success is a result of the contract selection process. 5 tabs., 3 figs.

  17. 浅谈铁路工程合同管理%Discussion on Management of Railway Engineering Contract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘东宁

    2011-01-01

    铁路合同管理是现代铁路企业管理的重要内容,在企业依法生产经营和维护合法权益中发挥着重要作用.作为刚踏入铁路建设市场的施工单位,在建立现代企业管理制度的过程中,重视铁路工程合同管理工作,加强对合同管理工作的领导,完善合同管理制度,健全合同管理机构,配备合同管理人员,提高合同管理水平,从而促进企业在铁路市场的竞争力.本文论述了铁路合同管理的重要性及如何做好铁路工程合同管理.%Railway contract management is an important content of modern railway enterpnse management, and plays an important role in production and operation and safeguarding legitimate rights and interests of enterprises according to law. As the construction unit just entered into railway construction market, in the establishment of modern enterprise management system we should pay attention to railway projeet contract management,strengthen leadership of contract management, improve contract management system, improve. contract management agency. work with contract management staff, and improve contract management, thereby contributing to business competitiveness in the railway market. The paper discusses about the importance of the railway contract management and how to do well the railway project contract management.

  18. Using SCOR as a Supply Chain Management Framework for Government Agency Contract Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paxton, Joseph; Tucker, Brian

    2010-01-01

    This paper will present a model that uses the Supply-Chain Operations Reference (SCOR) model as a foundation for a framework to illustrate the information needed throughout a product lifecycle to support a healthy supply chain management function and the subsequent contract requirements to enable it. It will also show where in the supply chain the information must be extracted. The ongoing case study used to exemplify the model is NASA's (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) Ares I program for human spaceflight. Effective supply chain management and contract requirements are ongoing opportunities for continuous improvement within government agencies, specifically development of systems for human spaceflight operations. Multiple reports from the Government Accountability Office (GAO) reinforce this importance. The SCOR model is a framework for describing a supply chain with process building blocks and business activities. It provides a set of metrics for measuring supply chain performance and best practices for continuously improving. This paper expands the application of the SCOR to also provide the framework for defining information needed from different levels of the supply chain and at different phases of the lifecycle. These needs can be incorporated into contracts to enable more effective supply chain management. Depending on the phase of the lifecycle, effective supply chain management will require involvement from different levels of the organization and different levels of the supply chain.

  19. Using SCOR as a Supply Chain Management Framework for Government Agency Contract Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paxton, Joseph; Tucker, Brian

    2010-01-01

    This paper will present a model that uses the Supply-Chain Operations Reference (SCOR) model as a foundation for a framework to illustrate the information needed throughout a product lifecycle to support a healthy supply chain management function and the subsequent contract requirements to enable it. It will also show where in the supply chain the information must be extracted. The ongoing case study used to exemplify the model is NASA's (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) Ares I program for human spaceflight. Effective supply chain management and contract requirements are ongoing opportunities for continuous improvement within government agencies, specifically development of systems for human spaceflight operations. Multiple reports from the Government Accountability Office (GAO) reinforce this importance. The SCOR model is a framework for describing a supply chain with process building blocks and business activities. It provides a set of metrics for measuring supply chain performance and best practices for continuously improving. This paper expands the application of the SCOR to also provide the framework for defining information needed from different levels of the supply chain and at different phases of the lifecycle. These needs can be incorporated into contracts to enable more effective supply chain management. Depending on the phase of the lifecycle, effective supply chain management will require involvement from different levels of the organization and different levels of the supply chain.

  20. Discussion on contract management of engineering construction%谈建设工程施工合同管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵基平

    2016-01-01

    This paper introduced the definition and role of engineering construction contract,from the contract conclusion,contract performance, claims process and other aspects,elaborated the matters needing attention of construction contract management,in order to improve the contract consciousness,strengthen the contract dynamic management,realized the engineering construction period,quality,safety and other overall goals.%介绍了建设工程施工合同的定义与作用,从合同订立、合同履行、索赔处理等方面,阐述了施工合同管理的注意事项,以提高合同意识,加强合同动态管理,实现工程工期、质量、安全等总体目标。

  1. Managing the financial risk of low water levels in Great Lakes with index-based contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, E.; Characklis, G. W.; Brown, C. M.; Moody, P.

    2014-12-01

    Low water levels in the Great Lakes have recently had significant financial impacts on the region's commercial shipping, responsible for transporting millions of dollars' worth of bulk goods each year. Low lake levels can significantly affect shipping firms, as cargo capacity is a function of draft, or the distance between water level and the ship's bottom. Draft increases with weight, and lower lake levels force ships to reduce cargo to prevent running aground in shallow harbors, directly impacting the finances of shipping companies. Risk transfer instruments may provide adaptable, yet unexplored, alternatives for managing these financial risks, at significantly less expense than more traditional solutions (e.g., dredging). Index-based financial instruments can be particularly attractive as contract payouts are directly linked to well-defined transparent metrics (e.g., lake levels), eliminating the need for subjective adjustors, as well as concerns over moral hazard. In developing such instruments, a major challenge is identifying an index that is well correlated with financial losses, and thus a contract that reliably pays out when losses are experienced (low basis risk). In this work, a relationship between lake levels and shipping revenues is developed, and actuarial analyses of the frequency and magnitude of revenue losses is completed using this relationship and synthetic water level data. This analysis is used to develop several types of index-based contracts. A standardized suite of binary contracts is developed, with each indexed to lake levels and priced according to predefined thresholds. These are combined to form portfolios with different objectives (e.g. options, collars), with optimal portfolio structure and length of coverage determined by limiting basis risk and contract cost, using simulations over the historic dataset. Results suggest that portfolios of these binary contracts can substantially reduce the risk of financial losses during periods of

  2. Pan-European management of electricity portfolios: Risks and opportunities of contract bundling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gampert, Markus [Institute for Future Energy Consumer Needs and Behavior, Faculty of Business and Economics/E.ON Energy Research Center, RWTH Aachen University, Mathieustrasse 6, 52074 Aachen (Germany); Madlener, Reinhard, E-mail: RMadlener@eonerc.rwth-aachen.d [Institute for Future Energy Consumer Needs and Behavior, Faculty of Business and Economics/E.ON Energy Research Center, RWTH Aachen University, Mathieustrasse 6, 52074 Aachen (Germany)

    2011-05-15

    Due to the liberalization of energy markets in the European Union, today's European utilities not only focus on electricity supply, but also offer exchange-traded 'structured products' or portfolio management for unbundling financial and physical risk positions. Many utilities are only able to provide these services in their domestic markets. In a globalized economy, the need for a centrally organized pan-European portfolio management has arisen, as it allows a simplified commodity sourcing in combination with an optimized risk management. In this paper, we examine the challenges to be overcome for establishing a European-wide bundling of electricity contracts. For this purpose, a case study based on the business perspective of RWE Supply and Trading in Central and Eastern Europe is carried out. In a first step, we analyze general requirements for a pan-European bundling of electricity contracts. Then, RWE's situation in Europe is examined, based on which we finally propose a concept to meet customer demands in Central and Eastern Europe. - Research highlights: {yields} Analysis of electricity market liberalization in Central and Eastern Europe. {yields} Identification of requirements and problems for pan-European bundling of contracts. {yields} Case study based on RWE Supply and Trading perspective in Central and Eastern Europe. {yields} Model development for pan-European unbundling of financial/physical risk positions.

  3. How health managers can use data mining for predicting individuals' risks of contracting nosocomial pneumonia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duclos-Gosselin, Louis; Rigaux-Bricmont, Benny; Darmon, René Yves

    2015-01-01

    This article explains how managers can use a new data-mining technique for solving problems related to individual risks of contracting nosocomial pneumonia. Using the genetic algorithm, a search technique provides practitioners with an optimal choice of parameters for Gini boosting type decision tree models. Thus, managers and technicians can choose better models. These new parameters are genetically controlled: number of trees, depth of trees, trimming factor, cross-validation (to avoid overfitting), proportion of the population used, and the minimum size to split a node. This technique has been satisfactorily tested on health data.

  4. Management of government personal property in the hands of contractors. Handbook for contracting officers and staff

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1982-04-01

    This manual is divided into three parts. Part One applies to the management of Government personal property within the Department of Energy in general terms. Part Two describes the specifics of the application of personal property management techniques to On-Site Contractors. Part three applies to Off-Site Contractors. Part One introduces the field of property management. It discusses: the legal basis and requirements established by Federal Statutes and the parallel authorities and responsibilities; the related evolution of the Department of Energy; the regulation system within the Federal Government and its implementation by the Department for personal property management. The life cycle of equipment is presented and how control over personal property is maintained through an accountability system. Classifications of property and contract clauses are discussed. The relationships of contracting officers and property administrators with contractors are presented in each of the discussions as appropriate. Part One consists of only one chapter and is applicable to the management of property utilized by all types of contractors. It provides the foundation to explore in some detail the actions and interactions that occur between the Department's procurement and property personnel and those of the contractor. This exploration in depth is made in Parts Two and Three.

  5. Two staged incentive contract focused on efficiency and innovation matching in critical chain project management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Min Zhang

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to define the relative optimal incentive contract to effectively encourage employees to improve work efficiency while actively implementing innovative behavior. Design/methodology/approach: This paper analyzes a two staged incentive contract coordinated with efficiency and innovation in Critical Chain Project Management using learning real options, based on principle-agent theory. The situational experiment is used to analyze the validity of the basic model. Finding: The two staged incentive scheme is more suitable for employees to create and implement learning real options, which will throw themselves into innovation process efficiently in Critical Chain Project Management. We prove that the combination of tolerance for early failure and reward for long-term success is effective in motivating innovation. Research limitations/implications: We do not include the individual characteristics of uncertain perception, which might affect the consistency of external validity. The basic model and the experiment design need to improve. Practical Implications: The project managers should pay closer attention to early innovation behavior and monitoring feedback of competition time in the implementation of Critical Chain Project Management. Originality/value: The central contribution of this paper is the theoretical and experimental analysis of incentive schemes for innovation in Critical Chain Project Management using the principal-agent theory, to encourage the completion of CCPM methods as well as imitative free-riding on the creative ideas of other members in the team.

  6. Project Hanford management contract quality assurance program implementation plan for nuclear facilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bibb, E.K.

    1997-10-15

    During transition from the Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) Management and Operations (M and O) contract to the Fluor Daniel Hanford (FDH) Management and Integration (M and I) contract, existing WHC policies, procedures, and manuals were reviewed to determine which to adopt on an interim basis. Both WHC-SP-1131,Hanford Quality Assurance Program and Implementation Plan, and WHC-CM-4-2, Quality Assurance Manual, were adopted; however, it was recognized that revisions were required to address the functions and responsibilities of the Project Hanford Management Contract (PHMC). This Quality Assurance Program Implementation Plan for Nuclear Facilities (HNF-SP-1228) supersedes the implementation portion of WHC-SP-1 13 1, Rev. 1. The revised Quality Assurance (QA) Program is documented in the Project Hanford Quality Assurance Program Description (QAPD), HNF-MP-599. That document replaces the QA Program in WHC-SP-1131, Rev. 1. The scope of this document is limited to documenting the nuclear facilities managed by FDH and its Major Subcontractors (MSCS) and the status of the implementation of 10 CFR 830.120, Quality Assurance Requirements, at those facilities. Since the QA Program for the nuclear facilities is now documented in the QAPD, future updates of the information provided in this plan will be by letter. The layout of this plan is similar to that of WHC-SP-1 13 1, Rev. 1. Sections 2.0 and 3.0 provide an overview of the Project Hanford QA Program. A list of Project Hanford nuclear facilities is provided in Section 4.0. Section 5.0 provides the status of facility compliance to 10 CFR 830.120. Sections 6.0, 7.0, and 8.0 provide requested exemptions, status of open items, and references, respectively. The four appendices correspond to the four projects that comprise Project Hanford.

  7. Learning in a self-managed management career : the relation between managers' HRD-patterns, psychological career contracts and mobility perpectives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lankhuijzen, E.S.K.

    2002-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the significance of managers HRD-activities (learning activities) in modern career contexts. Based on literature study and several pre-studies, a conceptual research model was developed containing three main elements: HRD-pattern, psychological career contract and mobility pe

  8. Learning in a self-managed management career : the relation between managers' HRD-patterns, psychological career contracts and mobility perpectives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lankhuijzen, E.S.K.

    2002-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the significance of managers HRD-activities (learning activities) in modern career contexts. Based on literature study and several pre-studies, a conceptual research model was developed containing three main elements: HRD-pattern, psychological career contract and mobility

  9. Learning in a self-managed management career : the relation between managers' HRD-patterns, psychological career contracts and mobility perpectives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lankhuijzen, E.S.K.

    2002-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the significance of managers HRD-activities (learning activities) in modern career contexts. Based on literature study and several pre-studies, a conceptual research model was developed containing three main elements: HRD-pattern, psychological career contract and mobility pe

  10. Managing water utility financial risks through third-party index insurance contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeff, Harrison B.; Characklis, Gregory W.

    2013-08-01

    As developing new supply capacity has become increasingly expensive and difficult to permit (i.e., regulatory approval), utilities have become more reliant on temporary demand management programs, such as outdoor water use restrictions, for ensuring reliability during drought. However, a significant fraction of water utility income is often derived from the volumetric sale of water, and such restrictions can lead to substantial revenue losses. Given that many utilities set prices at levels commensurate with recovering costs, these revenue losses can leave them financially vulnerable to budgetary shortfalls. This work explores approaches for mitigating drought-related revenue losses through the use of third-party financial insurance contracts based on streamflow indices. Two different types of contracts are developed, and their efficacy is compared against two more traditional forms of financial hedging used by water utilities: Drought surcharges and contingency funds (i.e., self-insurance). Strategies involving each of these approaches, as well as their use in combination, are applied under conditions facing the water utility serving Durham, North Carolina. A multireservoir model provides information on the scale and timing of droughts, and the financial effects of these events are simulated using detailed data derived from utility billing records. Results suggest that third-party index insurance contracts, either independently or in combination with more traditional hedging tools, can provide an effective means of reducing a utility's financial vulnerability to drought.

  11. Coalition contract management as a systems change strategy for HIV prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darrow, William W; Montanea, Julie E; Sánchez-Braña, Elizabeth

    2010-11-01

    Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH) 2010 provided a unique opportunity for minority community-based organizations (CBOs) to work together to eliminate disparities in HIV disease. A coalition was formed in Broward County to respond to the REACH 2010 program announcement, a university was chosen to coordinate efforts, and contracts were negotiated with CBO partners to develop, implement, and evaluate a community action plan. Contract management provided stability, focus, and a mechanism for coalition partners to measure progress toward achieving project objectives. By emphasizing documentation as well as the delivery of services, however, contract conditions also placed a heavy burden on educational outreach workers, restricted the reimbursable activities of member organizations, and created friction between minority agencies and university staff. Although the coalition met many of its objectives, the introduction and enforcement of a mutually agreed on set of rules and obligations as a way of promoting systems change in Broward County failed to make a lasting impact among community partners. CBOs continued to compete with one another for HIV prevention project funding and stopped collaborating as closely with another when federal support for our REACH 2010 community demonstration project ran out.

  12. Contracts and Contracting: A Primer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terra, Sandra M; Zimmerling, John

    2016-01-01

    The underlying guiding principles of case management services and practices of the Case Management Body of Knowledge include the following: "Case managers must possess the education, skills, knowledge, competencies, and experiences needed to effectively render appropriate, safe, and quality services to clients/support systems" and "Case management services are offered according to the clients' benefits as stipulated in their health insurance plans (http://www.cmbodyofknowledge.com/content/case-management-knowledge-2). Fulfilling these principles requires that the case manager engage in negotiating and contract execution.This article explores the concepts of negotiation and some of the many ways case managers contribute to the contracting process. Acute care hospitals, individual practice, managed care. Case managers can provide valuable information during the contracting process, in many settings. In the managed care arena, case management can help identify the types of services needed by the population the organization serves. The same understanding of data can assist during the payer contracting process in the acute care setting and ensure that the hospital is fairly reimbursed by third party payers. The independent practitioners will, undoubtedly, face the need to negotiate for themselves as well as their clients. The case manager, regardless of the setting, benefits from an understanding of the principles and processes associated with negotiation and contracting.

  13. The evolving local social contract for managing climate and disaster risk in Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christoplos, Ian; Ngoan, Le Duc; Sen, Le Thi Hoa; Huong, Nguyen Thi Thanh; Lindegaard, Lily Salloum

    2017-07-01

    How do disasters shape local government legitimacy in relation to managing climate- and disaster-related risks? This paper looks at how local authorities in Central Vietnam perceive their social contract for risk reduction, including the partial merging of responsibilities for disaster risk management with new plans for and investments in climate change adaptation and broader socioeconomic development. The findings indicate that extreme floods and storms constitute critical junctures that stimulate genuine institutional change. Local officials are proud of their strengthened role in disaster response and they are eager to boost investment in infrastructure. They have struggled to reinforce their legitimacy among their constituents, but given the shifting roles of the state, private sector, and civil society, and the undiminished emphasis on high-risk development models, their responsibilities for responding to emerging climate change scenarios are increasingly nebulous. The past basis for legitimacy is no longer valid, but tomorrow's social contract is not yet defined. © 2017 The Author(s). Disasters © Overseas Development Institute, 2017.

  14. Management practices and performance of mergers and acquisitions in Pakistan: mediating role of psychological contract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bari, Muhammad Waseem; Fanchen, Meng; Baloch, Muhammad Awais

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this study is to examine the direct and indirect effect of management practices (procedural justice, coordination approach, communication system, integration strategy, and coping programs) on merger and acquisition (M&A) performance in the Pakistan banking industry. Psychological contract (PC) acts as a mediator between Management practices and M&A performance. The Present study distributes a structured questionnaire to 700 bank employees of different management cadres. The useful response rate is 76 % (536 employees). It uses PLS-SEM technique for data analysis. (1) procedural justice is a key strategy which has highly significant direct and indirect effect on M&A performance; however integration strategy and the communication system have an only direct effect. (2) PC performs partial mediation at different levels between management practices and M&A financial and non-financial performance. This study provides an effective solution to solve the soft issues during and post-M&A process. This is one of the few studies which effectively integrate the five constructs into a single framework to study their effects on M&A performance. Limitations and future research directions are presented in the last section of the study.

  15. Incentive contract design in project management with serial tasks and uncertain completion times

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Kai; Zhao, Ruiqing; Lan, Yanfei

    2016-04-01

    This article investigates an incentive contract design problem for a project manager who operates a project consisting of multiple tasks performed sequentially by different subcontractors in which all task completion times are uncertain and described by fuzzy variables. On the basis of an expected value criterion and a critical value criterion, two classes of fuzzy bilevel programming models are developed. In the case where the uncertain task completion times are mutually independent, each model can first be decomposed into multiple equivalent sub-models by taking advantage of the structural characteristics, and then a two-step optimization method is employed to derive the optimal incentive contract in each sub-model. In a more general case where the uncertain task completion times are correlative, the approximation approach (AA) technique is adopted first in order to evaluate the objective functions involving fuzzy parameters, which are usually difficult to convert into their crisp equivalents. Then, an AA-based hybrid genetic algorithm integrated with the golden search method and variable neighbourhood search is designed to solve the proposed fuzzy bilevel programming models. Finally, a numerical example of a construction project is conducted to demonstrate the modelling idea and the effectiveness of the proposed methods.

  16. The nursing department of contract nurse management%护理部对合同制护士的管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄燕

    2013-01-01

    探讨我院合同制护士的管理,提高医院护理质量和规范护理服务行为。近年来,招聘合同制护士已成为各个医院填补护理人员严重缺少的一个重要途径。我院合同制护士占总数的17.1%,因此合同制护士在临床中占有一定的比例,为确保临床护理质量与安全,对合同制护士的管理显得十分重要。加强对合同制护士的管理,提升了对合同制护士的素质,稳定了院内护理队伍,提高医院护理质量和规范护理服务行为。现从以下几个方面介绍一下对合同制护士的管理。%To investigate the hospital contract nurse management, improve the quality of hospital care and nursing service behavior. In recent years, the recruitment of contract nurses has become an important way to ifll each hospital nursing staff in serious lack of. I of contract nursesaccounted for 17.1%of the total, so the contract nurses occupy a certain proportion in clinic, in order to ensure the quality of clinical nursing and safety, is very important to the management of employed nurses appear. To strengthen the management of contract nurses, improve the qualityof contract nurses in the hospital n ursing staff, stability, improve the quality of hospital care and nursing service behavior. Now from the following several aspects of the management of contract nurses.

  17. Cooperation and Game between Producers and Managers Based on the Linear Contract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xianglan Wan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available There is a cooperative game between the manager and the producer in the enterprise. In this paper, we firstly construct the cooperative game model based on the principal-agent theory. Under the conditions of Nash equilibrium and linear contract, the paper calculates the net income of the client, the total risk and welfare of the agents when the agents have the cooperation or not. The result shows that the correlation coefficient between their output has a direct relationship with the cooperation. Secondly, according to the power distribution theory another model is developed. We analyze the game process and critical state. Furthermore, we deduce the share proportion of the profit and the control size when they have the cooperation. Finally, we summarize all the research achievements, which are of universal significance for the practical cooperation game problems.

  18. Managing Projects with the Public, -bringing Partnering, Contracts and Financing together in Building Public Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koch, Christian

    2004-01-01

    of projects have had trouble to develop. The paper views PPP as an interaction between an emergent governance frame and operational activities in the project. PPP is an element of a networked public sector and the paper takes a network and political process approach to the shaping of PPP in Denmark....... It is analysed how the governance frame for these type of projects constituted a window of opportunity in the late nineties for “sale and lease back” arrangements, combined with partnering and more traditional design-build contracts. A case of a municipality renewing its school services, exploiting this window...... of opportunity shows that on the operational level the contractual, financial and skill basis for the project has to be mobilized, negotiated, partly stabilized and renegotiated. The participating actors thus have to develop a new set of skills in dealing with municipalities and managing operations in PPPs....

  19. FIDIC contracts: analysis of the impact of general and particular conditions on the financial risk management in Romanian infrastructure projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constanţa-Nicoleta Bodea

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Construction projects are characterized by risks and uncertainties mainly due to technical and economic complexity. Risk management is an important tool in making decisions involving the identification and reduction, avoidance or transfer risk and uncertainties consequences of events that occurs during project implementation. For this reason, the objective of the contract between the beneficiary and the contractor is the allocation of risk. The distribution of risk in contracts for the execution of construction works was and is an ongoing challenge faced by parties having a significant impact on the type of contract is used. On the one hand, the beneficiaries tend to transfer to the contractors as many of the project risks and uncertainties, on the other hand, the contractors look to exploit any weakness contract, so as to reduce their impact on the expected profit. One of the most important risks assumed by the contractor by signing the contract which is also increasingly common in the current economic situation is the reduced financial capacity to support the project. A purely legal or purely technical interpretation is not meant to describe the complexity of issues related to implementation of construction projects. For this reason the authors have adopted a multi-disciplinary approach, which includes the legal issues related to the nature of the contract, but also the financial and technical aspects of construction projects. The paper aims to analyze how special contract clauses can influence the implementation of construction projects and in particular the financial management of contractors. The authors propose a model for analyzing the impact of FIDIC contract conditions applied on a case study of five transport infrastructure projects.

  20. Proposal for a Change of Contractor for Facilities Management and to Negotiate a Contract for Access Control Activities at CERN

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    This document concerns the change of contractor for the facilities management and the negotiation, without competitive tendering, of a contract for the security and access control activities at CERN. In March 2002, the Finance Committee agreed to the negotiation of a contract with the consortium M+W ZANDER (DE) - AVIREAL (CH) for the execution of facilities management (CERN/FC/4550). For the reasons set out in this document, the Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with the firm INGEST FACILITY (IT), the second lowest bidder, for the execution of the contract for facilities management, not including the security and access control activities, for an initial period of three years and for an amount not exceeding 24 396 000 euros (35 772 000 Swiss francs), not subject to revision. The contract will include options for two further one-year extensions beyond the initial three-year period. The rate of exchange used is that stipulated in the tender. The firm has indicated the follow...

  1. CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANTOANETA CLAUDIA BUTUZA

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the main types of contractual arrangements used worldwide in construction: traditional contracts, cost reimbursable type contracts, management contracts and other contractual arrangements such as partnership, offering two-phase, contracts in series and turnkey contracts. Also, based on a comparison of the main types of contractual arrangements a number of recommendations are suggested for choosing the appropriate type of contract construction project to be realized.

  2. Managing urban wastewater in China: a survey of build-operate-transfer contracts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Braadbaart, O.D.; Zhang, M.S.; Wang, Y.

    2009-01-01

    This paper reports on a nationwide field survey of wastewater plants under build-operate-transfer ( BOT) contracts in China. The survey yielded information on contracting parties, size, duration and location of 37 BOT contracts. The key findings are that municipal governments feature as first partie

  3. Virtual Leadership: The Influence of Transformational Leadership Style on Employee Satisfaction at the Defense Contract Management Agency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Kevin A.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative correlational study was to examine the possible relationship between transformational leadership style behaviors and the influence it had on employee satisfaction. The information presented in this study involved virtual team members at the Defense Contract Management Agency, Navy Special Emphasis Operations. The…

  4. Policy Changes Needed at Defense Contract Management Agency to Ensure Forward Pricing Rates Result in Fair and Reasonable Contract Pricing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-09

    classroom and on the job training to improve the cost analyst skill set of the ACO community. Our Response The management comments to the recommendation...DCMA will receive a timely report from the auditor that addresses only the minimum essential supplementary information needed by the ACO to demonstrate...resources. It can also help the ACO conduct cost analyses while obtaining the minimum essential supplementary information required for the job

  5. Maintenance and operations contractor plan for transition to the project Hanford management contract (PHMC)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Waite, J.L.

    1996-04-12

    This plan has been developed by Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC), and its subcontractors ICF Kaiser Hanford (ICF KH) and BCS Richland, Inc. (BCSR), at the direction of the US Department of Energy (DOE), Richland Operations Office (RL). WHC and its subcontractors are hereafter referred to as the Maintenance and Operations (M and O) Contractor. The plan identifies actions involving the M and O Contractor that are critical to (1) prepare for a smooth transition to the Project Hanford Management Contractor (PHMC), and (2) support and assist the PHMC and RL in achieving transition as planned, with no or minimal impact to ongoing baseline activities. The plan is structured around two primary phases. The first is the pre-award phase, which started in mid-February 1996 and is currently scheduled to be completed on June 1, 1996, at which time the contract is currently planned to be awarded. The second is the follow-on four-month post-award phase from June 1, 1996, until October 1, 1996. Considering the magnitude and complexity of the scope of work being transitioned, completion in four months will require significant effort by all parties. To better ensure success, the M and O Contractor has developed a pre-award phase that is intended to maximize readiness for transition. Priority is given to preparation for facility assessments and processing of personnel, as these areas are determined to be on the critical path for transition. In addition, the M and O Contractor will put emphasis during the pre-award phase to close out open items prior to contract award, to include grievances, employee concerns, audit findings, compliance issues, etc.

  6. Internal management contracts within the context of the Humanization Policy: experimenting with methodology within the reference frame of co-management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serafim Barbosa Santos Filho

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the experience of implementing internal management contracts in a public hospital. These contracts were understood as tools within the context of co-management and, within the perspective of humanization, as interventions in healthcare and management practices. With this focus, the methodological lines of the collective construction of such contracts and the indicators for the implementation process are presented. Through the process of agreed targets and participative evaluation, the following results were observed: in addition to increasing the institutional efficiency and effectiveness, the effects unleashed through these tools revealed their potential for transforming the work relationships, promoting co-responsibility between subjects and teams, adding value to workers and forming commitment networks for improved care.

  7. The Relationship between McGregor's X-Y Theory Management Style and Fulfillment of Psychological Contract: A Literature Review

    OpenAIRE

    Ramesh Kumar Moona Haji Mohamed; Che Supian Mohamad Nor

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to trace McGregor’s X-Y theory and its relationship with fulfillment of psychological contract. This is a review article relying on literature reviews and synthesizing concepts and ideas from related sources. McGregor’s X-Y theory is a natural rule for managing people. McGregor’s ideas suggest that there are two fundamental approaches to managing people. Theory X management style generally get poor results compare with managers use theory Y, which produces better ...

  8. The Government of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan’s Controls Over the Contract Management Process for U.S. Direct Assistance Need Improvement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-25

    original contract amount, $61 million, on a letter of credit (essentially an advance to the central bank that the vendor could draw on). MoF executed...No. DODIG-2015-082 The Government of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan’s Controls Over the Contract Management Process for U.S. Direct Assistance...to 00-00-2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE The Government of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan’s Controls Over the Contract Management Process for U.S

  9. The development of contract management system for small supermarket chain%小型连锁超市合同管理系统的开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵泉

    2014-01-01

    this system is suitable for small supermarket chain, mainly is the management of the contract as a whole. Its main functions include data management, contract contract contractauthority control, cost management, contract management, contract management, pricemanagement, contract follow-up contract, contract management and statistical analysis ofevaluation system of management. The system has friendly interface, intuitive, simple operation,system of multi-level permissions management can ensure the data security and reliability.%本系统适用于小型连锁超市,主要是从总体上对合同进行管理。其主要功能包括合同资料管理、合同权限控制、合同成本管理、合同价格管理、合同审批管理、合同跟进管理、合同统计分析、合同评价管理以及系统管理等。本系统界面友好、直观,操作简便,系统中的多级权限管理等也可以保证数据的安全可靠。

  10. The current state of Contract Law in Australia and why it is important for rural managers to understand it

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, Tony

    2011-01-01

    Farmers are business managers and as such they must understand the law or they are likely to fall foul of it. This especially applies to contract law, with which they deal constantly. Contract law is made up of the common law – as the courts have decided it – and statute law- as the state and federal parliaments have enacted statutes which modify the common law. The most important and most recent of the latter is the new Australian Consumer Law.

  11. 浅谈合同制消防队员的管理%Introduction to Management of Contract Firefighters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史佩如

    2014-01-01

    To strengthen the management and education of contract fire team and make it develop healthily. is the inevitable requirement to realize "police serves the public, law enforcement serves for people", and create the socialist harmonious society. Fire team should constantly explore the management mode of contract firefighters, and continuously stimulate contract fire team's battle effectiveness. Then, some superficial views are talked about in terms of the management of contract firefighters.%加强合同制消防队伍的管理和教育,使其健康地发展,这是实现“立警为公、执法为民”和创建社会主义和谐社会的必然要求。消防队伍要不断探索合同制队员的管理模式,不断挖掘合同制消防队伍的战斗力。下面就合同制消防员的管理,谈些粗浅的看法。

  12. Commitments of Psychological Contracts and Diagnostic Use of Management Control Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Canan

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Investigating the commitments the Surveillance Agents from the National Telecommunications Agency (Anatel made in their psychological contracts and the diagnostic use of the management control system of the entity, this study tested the hypothesis that individuals tend to be more committed to aspects they are charged for within organizations. This is a theoretical and empirical study that assumed that the commitments comprise the part of the belief that individuals develop on reciprocal relations of exchange between themselves and their contractors, in line with the model by Rousseau (1989; 1995. It was also assumed that the extent to which aspects are charged from the members of an organization matches their perception of the diagnostic use of formal and informal control systems. Methodologically, the research was developed in two phases, the first qualitative, involving documentary analysis and content analysis of organizational documents; and the second quantitative, with the application of questionnaires answered by individuals who occupy the individual position referred to in the organization, who evaluated behavioral parameters that act on them and that were identified in the first phase. The data showed that 42 respondents tend to maintain high levels of commitment to the rules and standards proposed for their function. Statistical results also suggest that there is a significant positive correlation between the commitments assumed and the perceived diagnostic use of control systems for the surveillance agents who answered the questionnaire.

  13. TANK OPERATIONS CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT METHODOLOGY UTILIZING THE AGENCY METHOD OF CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT TO SAFELY AND EFFECTIVELY COMPLETE NUCLEAR CONSTRUCTION WORK

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    LESO KF; HAMILTON HM; FARNER M; HEATH T

    2010-01-14

    Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC (WRPS) has faced significant project management challenges in managing Davis-Bacon construction work that meets contractually required small business goals. The unique challenge is to provide contracting opportunities to multiple small business construction subcontractors while performing high hazard work in a safe and productive manner. Previous to the Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC contract, Construction work at the Hanford Tank Farms was contracted to large companies, while current Department of Energy (DOE) Contracts typically emphasize small business awards. As an integral part of Nuclear Project Management at Hanford Tank Farms, construction involves removal of old equipment and structures and installation of new infrastructure to support waste retrieval and waste feed delivery to the Waste Treatment Plant. Utilizing the optimum construction approach ensures that the contractors responsible for this work are successful in meeting safety, quality, cost and schedule objectives while working in a very hazardous environment. This paper describes the successful transition from a traditional project delivery method that utilized a large business general contractor and subcontractors to a new project construction management model that is more oriented to small businesses. Construction has selected the Agency Construction Management Method. This method was implemented in the first quarter of Fiscal Year (FY) 2009, where Construction Management is performed by substantially home office resources from the URS Northwest Office in Richland, Washington. The Agency Method has allowed WRPS to provide proven Construction Managers and Field Leads to mentor and direct small business contractors, thus providing expertise and assurance of a successful project. Construction execution contracts are subcontracted directly by WRPS to small or disadvantaged contractors that are mentored and supported by DRS personnel. Each small

  14. Scheme Design of the Contract Management Informatization System%合同管理信息化系统方案设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李智蓉; 白晓波

    2016-01-01

    通过实施合同管理信息化系统,实现合同在网上的起草申报、审查审批、签订管理、履行管理、建立台账等功能,以信息化技术提高企业合同管理水平。%By carrying out the contract management information system, to implement the contract signed in drafting the declaration, review online examination and approval, management, performance management, establish parameter, and other functions, to informatization technology to enhance enterprise contract management level.

  15. A comparison of customized strategies to manage muscle fatigue in isometric artificially elicited muscle contractions for incomplete SCI subjects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    del-Ama Antonio J.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Muscle fatigue due to functional electrical stimulation still prevents its widespread use as a gait rehabilitation tool for spinal cord injured subjects. Although there is an active research towards optimization of pulse parameters to delay muscle fatigue, changes in stimulated muscle's performance during repeated contractions due to fatigue have not been yet determined. In this work, a study conducted in two phases with a sample of incomplete spinal cord injured patients is presented. In the first phase, a fatigue protocol based on submaximal isometric contractions allowed to obtain an objective criterion for estimation of fatigue of knee muscles from initial changes in muscle performance. The criterion is incorporated in the fatigue protocol in the second phase of the study, to compare two novel customized fatigue management strategies. Results showed that knee flexor muscles develop less force and lower fatigue than extensor muscles. Muscle fatigue management strategies based on customized modulations of stimulation frequency are valid to delay muscle fatigue.

  16. The Relationship between Human Resource Management Practices, Leader member exchange, Psychological contract Fulfillment, Trade Union and Employee Retention Behaviour

    OpenAIRE

    Ramesh Kumar Moona Haji Mohamed; Che Supian Mohamad Nor; Norziani Dahalan

    2014-01-01

    Employee retention is an issue facing most of corporate leaders due to high turnover rate. Many researchers have found that retaining employees is a significant challenge for organization as different employees are motivated by different retention strategies. A good human resource management practices would be one of the retention strategies. Human resource practices are also proposed as one of the most potent factors determining the nature and state of the psychological contract and leader m...

  17. The Healthcare Administrator’s Desk Reference: A Managed Care and Health Care Contracting Dictionary for the Military Health System

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-07-01

    Desk Reference 1 Running head : DICTIONARY The healthcare administrator’s desk reference: A managed care and healthcare contracting dictionary for...Berkowitz, E. N. (1996). Essentials of health care marketing . (4th ed.). Gaithersburg, MD: Aspen Publications. Borsos, D. (1998, October). Bid price...Mediation & Conciliation Service FMG Foreign Medical Graduate FMP 1. Family Member Prefix 2. Fair Market Price 3. Federal Personnel Manual FMS Foreign

  18. 浅谈建设工程项目采购合约管理%Talking about the Construction Project Procurement Contract Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白云燕

    2014-01-01

    The core of the procurement contract management work for bidding management, cost management and contract management of three parts. Procurement contract management throughout the entire life cycle of construction projects at various stages, each stage of construction project management is essential and very important part. Combined with their years of work experience, from bidding management, cost management and contract management tripartite face public procurement contracts management in detail.%采购合约管理工作的核心为招投标管理、造价管理和合同管理三部分。采购合约管理工作贯穿于建设项目全生命周期的各个阶段,是建设项目管理各阶段必不可缺且十分重要的环节。结合自身多年的工作经验,从招投标管理、造价管理和合同管理三方面对采购合约管理进行详细的阐述。

  19. The role of psychological contract on employee commitment and organisational citizenship behaviour: A study of Indonesian young entrepreneurs in management action

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ade I Anggraeni; Christantius Dwiatmadja; Ahyar Yuniawan

    2017-01-01

    Orientation: This study aims to analyse the entrepreneurship-driven reasons and characteristics of employee management of the young generation, by analysing the role of psychological contract on employee...

  20. The Air Force Processes for Approving Air Force Life Cycle Management Center Single-Award Indefinite-Delivery Indefinite-Quantity Contracts Need Improvement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-29

    IDIQ contract may be used to acquire supplies and services when the exact times and quantities of future deliveries are not known at the time of...Force Processes for Approving Air Force Life Cycle Management Center Single‑Award Indefinite‑ Delivery Indefinite‑Quantity Contracts Need...0147.000) │ i Results in Brief The Air Force Processes for Approving Air Force Life Cycle Management Center Single-Award Indefinite- Delivery Indefinite

  1. Construction Management Module: Contingency Contracting Synergistic Approach Integrating Joint Capabilities for USSOCOM

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-29

    followed a mixed application of fundamental research concepts outlined by many different sources ( Lincoln & Guba , 1985; Miles & Huberman, 1994;, Taylor...contracting- command Lincoln , Y., & Guba , E.G. (1985). Naturalist inquiry. Newburry Park, CA: Sage Publications. Lind, W. (2004, September-October...Bogdan, 1998; Marshall & Rossman, 1998; Creswell, 2003; Leedy & Ormond, 2005; Denzin & Lincoln , 2005). The researcher analyzed archival data

  2. Analysis of Contract Management Processes at Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-29

    to the product or service produced, and improve overall customer approval (Bauer, Duffy, & Westcott , 2006, p. 80). One way to determine how well an...contracts for supplies and services. Washington, DC: Under Secretary of Defense (AT&L). Bauer, J. E., Duffy, G. L., & Westcott , R. T. (2006). The quality

  3. 谈如何加强建筑施工企业合同管理%Discussion on how to strengthen construction enterprise contract management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵敏

    2012-01-01

    Through analyzing contract management, in light of common problems encountering in construction enterprise contract management, the paper puts forward system construction of contract management, strengthening construction enterprise contract signing, strictly following con- tract items, and preserving regal rights of enterprises with laws, with a view to improve economic benefits of the enterprise.%通过对合同管理的分析,围绕建筑施工企业合同管理中的常见问题,提出搞好合同管理的制度建设,有针对性地加强建筑施工企业的合同签订,履约过程中严格执行合同条款,用法律维护企业合法权益,以提升企业的经济效益。

  4. How to do well contracts management works of construction enterprise%如何做好施工企业的合同管理工作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董艳梅

    2011-01-01

    In light of building construction contract management status in recent years,this paper further analyzes common problems occurring in building construction contract management including contract signing and implementing,and puts forward controlling countermeasures,with a view to strengthen contract management of building construction enterprise and to defend legal rights of enterprises.%结合近年来建筑施工合同管理中的现状,针对目前建筑施工合同管理中存在的合同签订及履约等常见问题,进行深入分析,并提出治理对策,以期加强建筑施工企业的合同管理,维护企业的合法权益。

  5. The effect of the new GMS contract on GP appointment provision in Wales: postal questionnaire survey of practice managers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neal Richard D

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Access to health professionals is a key UK NHS priority, and meeting access targets is rewarded through the new General Medical Services (GMS contract in the UK. We sought to determine the current state of appointment provision in Wales and any changes resulting from the need to meet indicators in the new GMS contract. We undertook a postal questionnaire study of practice managers in all general practices in Wales. Findings Valid responses were received from 396/505 (78.4% practice managers. 361 (93.1% practices reported that they had achieved the target for 2004/05. 104 (26% practices reported that they were 100% open access/advanced access. The most frequent changes reported in response to the new GMS contract were offering more open or advanced access slots (237, 60%, more GP phone consultations (167, 42%, introducing a telephone triage system (100, 25%, introducing a minor illness clinic (76, 19%, and employing or training a nurse practitioner (59, 15%. 83% practice managers believed that patients were able to get an appointment at the time they need it either 'all of the time' or 'most of the time', and 70% that patients were able to get an appointment with the GP of choice either 'all of the time' or 'most of the time'. Conclusion This survey has demonstrated the current extent of appointment provision in Wales, and how changes have been driven by incentives. Whether these changes are in the best interests of either patients or doctors, or both, remains to be seen.

  6. Audit Report on Management Controls over the Use of Service Contracts at the Office of River Protection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2009-04-01

    The Department of Energy's (Department) Office of River Protection (ORP) is responsible for the storage, treatment, and disposal of over 53 million gallons of highly radioactive waste from over 40 years of plutonium production at the Hanford Site. Because of the diversity, complexity, and large scope of its mission, coupled with its small staff, ORP told us that it has found it necessary to engage in service contracts to obtain consulting services, technical expertise, and support staff. Federal policy generally permits contractors to perform a wide range of support service activities, including, in most situations, the drafting of Government documents subject to the review and approval of Federal employees. Federal policy issued by the Office of Management and Budget, however, prohibits contractors from drafting agency responses to Congressional inquiries and reports issued by the Office of Inspector General and Government Accountability Office (GAO) because they are so closely related to the public interest and provide the appearance of private influence. To provide a majority of its needed services, ORP issued a Blanket Purchase Agreement to Project Assistance Corporation (PAC) in 2003. Through the Blanket Purchase Agreement, ORP acquired services in the areas of project management, risk assessment, program assessment, quality assurance, safety, cost and schedule estimating, budgeting and finance, and engineering. PAC has, in turn, subcontracted with various other firms to obtain some of the services needed by ORP. From 2005 to 2008, the total annual cost for the contract with PAC had grown from $4.7 million to $9.2 million. Because of the extent of the services provided and growing costs of the contract, we conducted this review to determine whether ORP appropriately administered its contract with the Project Assistance Corporation. Our review disclosed that, in some instances, ORP had not appropriately administered all work performed under the PAC

  7. EFFECTS OF RELAXATION THERAPY IN MANAGEMENT OF MUSCULAR CONTRACTION HEADACHE IN EXECUTIVES

    OpenAIRE

    Mehta, Manju

    1983-01-01

    SUMMARY Five executives suffering from muscular contractions (tension) headache were treated by deep muscular relaxation therapy. Individual sessions were supplemented by practice of relaxation at home, brief relaxation, and cue relaxation during office hours. The effect of therapy, was assessed, by comparing the baseline, pretreatment individual assessment of their behavioral state and self report, with the similar assessment done during and after the successful completion of therapy. The ad...

  8. The use of Osseointegration and Orbital Implants in the Management of Orbital Exenteration or Severe Contracted Sockets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emine Esra Karaca

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To evaluate the results of bony integrated implants used in the management of exenterated or contracted sockets. Materials and Methods: Ten eyes of 10 cases underwent bony integrated implants for the management of exenterated (7 eyes or contracted (3 eyes sockets. The procedure was performed in two steps in a two-month period. The first step included placement of screws by preparing the osteotomy site, whereas the second step included implantation of magnetic implants over these screws that will adhere to the orbital implant. The patients were retrospectively evaluated for age, gender, etiology, surgical timing, history of radiotherapy, and time of application of epithesis. The presence of infection at the surgical site, implant loss, functional or cosmetic problems at the perisurgical area, the usage of epithesis during the social life were evaluated. Results: There were 7 female and 3 male patients. The mean age was 34 (5-75 years. The indications for enucleation or exenteration were: retinoblastoma (4 cases, malignant melanoma (2 cases, basal cell carcinoma (1 case, squamous cell carcinoma (1 case, rhabdomyosarcoma (1 case and sinoorbital mucormycosis (1 case. The epitheses were applied 3 to 156 months (mean 51 months following the intervention. All of the implantations were performed successfully. During follow-up, one case had lost the implant and one case had local infection that responded to antibiotic treatment. Three cases were reoperated and the implants were replaced after a 2-year follow-up time due to the deterioration of the magnetic effect of the implants. Conclusion: Bony integrated orbital implants have an important role in solution of esthetic problems encountered in the exenterated orbit and severe contracted socket. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2014; 44: 127-31

  9. The Role of a Human Factor and Psychological Contract in Managing the Knowledge in Conditions of Globalization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Rębisz

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available The modern business world is characterized by dynamic, changing markets and continuous technological advance. This article focuses on an issue related to a definition of the meaning of a man and his location in an organization that works in conditions of globalization. Certainly, the meaning of human as the source of knowledge in the development of organization is not a new subject. Knowledge is intrinsically linked to people and enables them to act. Modern organizations base their theory on the knowledge they can exploit to improve the competence of the employee, his loyalty and commitment to the company which aims at the competitive predominance. The identification of knowledge is necessary for the effective implementation of knowledge management system. Above all, presented theoretical analysis pinpoints mainly on discussing a mans role and psychological contract in managing the knowledge.

  10. Defining Medically Necessary Services To Protect Children. Protecting Consumer Rights in Public Systems: Managed Mental Health Care Policy. A Series of Issue Papers on Contracting for Managed Behavioral Health Care, #5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazelon Center for Mental Health Law, Washington, DC.

    This issue paper is designed to help families, advocates and policymakers ensure that "medically necessary" standards in public-sector contracts for managed mental health care protect children's rights, particularly the rights of children who have serious emotional disturbance. Fundamental principles for developing sound contracts for…

  11. Managing wind turbine reliability and maintenance via performance-based contract

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jin, Tongdan; Ding, Yi; Guo, Huairui

    2012-01-01

    between system cost, reliability and spare parts stocking. This analytical insight into the system performance allows the turbine manufacturer to optimize design, production, and after-sales services. The study aims to create a theoretical basis to facilitate the transition of the maintenance paradigm...... firms who design and market wind turbines, and also provide maintenance and repair service. PBC differs from conventional service contracts in that the wind farmers compensate the service provider for the system performance, not the spare parts and repair labor. We explore the analytical relationship...

  12. Managing distrust-induced risk with deposit in supply chain contract decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Guanghua; Dong, Ming; Sun, Qi

    2014-01-01

    This paper studies the trust issue in a two-echelon supply chain information sharing process. In a supply chain, the retailer reports the forecasted demand to the supplier. Traditionally, the supplier's trust in the retailer's reported information is based on the retailer's reputation. However, this paper considers that trust is random and is also affected by the reputation and the demand gap. The supplier and retailer have been shown to have different evaluations regarding the degree of trust. Furthermore, distrust is inherently linked to perceived risk. To mitigate perceived risk, a two-stage decision process with an unpayback deposit contract is proposed. At the first stage, the supplier and the retailer negotiate the deposit contract. At the second stage, a Stackelberg game is used to determine the retailer's reported demand and the supplier's production quantity. We show that the deposits from the retailer's and supplier's perspectives are different. When the retailer's reported demand is equal to the supplier's forecasted demand, the retailer's evaluation of the deposit is more than that of supplier's. When the retailer's reported demand is equal to the retailer's forecasted demand, the deposit from the retailer's perspective is at the lowest level.

  13. Managing Distrust-Induced Risk with Deposit in Supply Chain Contract Decisions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guanghua Han

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the trust issue in a two-echelon supply chain information sharing process. In a supply chain, the retailer reports the forecasted demand to the supplier. Traditionally, the supplier’s trust in the retailer’s reported information is based on the retailer’s reputation. However, this paper considers that trust is random and is also affected by the reputation and the demand gap. The supplier and retailer have been shown to have different evaluations regarding the degree of trust. Furthermore, distrust is inherently linked to perceived risk. To mitigate perceived risk, a two-stage decision process with an unpayback deposit contract is proposed. At the first stage, the supplier and the retailer negotiate the deposit contract. At the second stage, a Stackelberg game is used to determine the retailer’s reported demand and the supplier’s production quantity. We show that the deposits from the retailer’s and supplier’s perspectives are different. When the retailer’s reported demand is equal to the supplier’s forecasted demand, the retailer’s evaluation of the deposit is more than that of supplier’s. When the retailer’s reported demand is equal to the retailer’s forecasted demand, the deposit from the retailer’s perspective is at the lowest level.

  14. Identification and management of different risks in the design-build contractor- contracts and providing a method to cover them

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Babania Bazgiri

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, due to the interest of employers to implement more quicklyand to reduce the employer risks inconstruction and industrial projects and subsequentlyreducing the project costs, the global approach to the transfer of projects was two-factor. The problem that thedesign-buildcontractor is confronting with is the risk amount in the projects. Specific and unique complexityof the construction projects indicates the fact that the current approaches of risk management can not be responsible for management problems and issues of these projects. Correct operation of the projects requires the implementation of a risk management system to provide successful completion of the projects;thus in this study it is attempted to present a system to manage the risks of the construction project. With respect to the components causing the risk in these projects the contractor try to determinedifferent probabilities of risk acceptance to understand that by which probability the success risk or failure risk of the project implementation ishigher or lower than a certain level. This will be implemented by identifying the risks of the designbuild contracts and determining their effect, probabilityand analysis. Collecting the events causing the risk is performed using the study of past researches;determining the effects and probability of these risks is conducted via questionnaires; and the risks are analyzed using the Monte Carlo simulation method. The result is the creation of a chart, indicating the acceptance possibility of the risk different percentages.

  15. Public Internal Performance Contracting - Managing and financing energy-efficiency measures in public administrations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Irrek, Wolfgang; Thomas, Stefan [Wuppertal Inst. for Climate, Environment, Energy (Germany); Attali, Sophie [International Consulting on Energy, L' Ile Saint-Denis (France); Benke, Georg [The Austrian Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria); Borg, Nils [Borg, Co AB, Stockholm (Sweden); Figorski, Arkadiusz; Filipowicz, Mariusz [Akademia Gorniczo-Hutnicza, Cracow (Poland); Labanca, Nicola; Pindar, Andrew [Politecnico di Milano (Italy); Ochoa, Amalia [ICLEI Europe, Freiburg (Germany)

    2005-07-01

    Public Internal Performance Contracting (PICO) is a type of in-house 'third-party' financing or energy performance contracting scheme. In theory, once triggered, PICO provides a 'perpetual motion' finance mechanism for public authorities by which energy efficiency savings fund new investments in an upward virtuous cycle. One unit of the public authority, e.g. the technical department, delivers the financial and technical energy efficiency service to another unit of the same public administration. Remuneration takes place through cross payments between these units, according savings made in energy costs. The initial investments require 'seed funds' to kick start the process, after which the cross payments provide sufficient means to fund further measures. How can the PICO mechanism be initiated in times of tight public budgets? What difficulties are faced during the implementation process and how can these be overcome? What kind of energy-efficiency measures is PICO best suited to? And what role can national and European policy play to facilitate implementation? These are the key questions that the EU-funded PICOLight project aimed to tackle. This was done through testing and disseminating the PICO schemes, first used in Germany, in six European countries, developing these further and making the necessary adaptations. PICO schemes were piloted in seven public administrations with the technical focus on energy-efficient lighting retrofits. The experiences gathered in these pilot projects should help to introduce PICO schemes on a larger scale in public administrations in Europe. The paper presents the preliminary results from these pilot projects.

  16. The Contract and Law in the Engineering Project Management%论工程项目管理中的合同与法律

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    党永胜

    2013-01-01

    Contract management determines the whole project management if can effectively develop or not in a certain extent, and the law is the important basis in the process of engineering contract drafting, signing and implementation, this paper described the contract and law in detail based on the engineering project management.%合同管理从一定意义上来说决定了整个工程管理是否能够有效开展,而法律是工程合同在起草、签订以及履行过程中的重要依据,本文以此为基础详细论述了工程项目管理中的合同与法律。

  17. On analysis of contract refined management in architectural enterprises%建筑施工企业合同精细化管理探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许利波

    2011-01-01

    阐述了建筑施工企业加强合同精细化管理的必要性,针对当前合同签订履行过程中粗放式管理现状及存在的问题进行了分析,提出了加强施工企业合同精细化管理的具体措施,以期指导实践。%The paper illustrates the necessity for improving the detailed management of contracts in architectural enterprises,analyzes the extensive management and problems in the implementation of the contract signing,and points out the factual measures for improving the refined management of the contracts in construction enterprises,so as to direct the practice.

  18. Perceived Barriers to Utilizing Maternal and Neonatal Health Services in Contracted-Out Versus Government-Managed Health Facilities in the Rural Districts of Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atif Riaz

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Background A number of developing countries have contracted out public health facilities to the Non-Government Organizations (NGOs in order to improve service utilization. However, there is a paucity of in-depth qualitative information on barriers to access services as a result of contracting from service users’ perspective. The objective of this study was to explore perceived barriers to utilizing Maternal and Neonatal Health (MNH services, in health facilities contracted out by government to NGO for service provision versus in those which are managed by government (non-contracted. Methods A community-based qualitative exploratory study was conducted between April to September 2012 at two contracted-out and four matched non-contracted primary healthcare facilities in Thatta and Chitral, rural districts of Pakistan. Using semi-structured guide, the data were collected through thirty-six Focus Group Discussions (FGDs conducted with mothers and their spouses in the catchment areas of selected facilities. Thematic analysis was performed using NVivo version 10.0 in which themes and sub-themes emerged. Results Key barriers reported in contracted sites included physical distance, user charges and familial influences. Whereas, poor functionality of health centres was the main barrier for non-contracted sites with other issues being comparatively less salient. Decision-making patterns for participants of both catchments were largely similar. Spouses and mother-in-laws particularly influenced the decision to utilize health facilities. Conclusion Contracting out of health facility reduces supply side barriers to MNH services for the community served but distance, user charges and low awareness remain significant barriers. Contracting needs to be accompanied by measures for transportation in remote settings, oversight on user fee charges by contractor, and strong communitybased behavior change strategies.

  19. Managing Higher Education in a Climate of Contraction: A Conceptual Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, K. J.

    1980-01-01

    Five categories of opportunity for managing institutions successfully in no-growth periods include: producing new or different products, improving productivity with new production methods, opening new markets, locating new sources of support, and restructuring activities. (MSE)

  20. Premature Contractions

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Peripheral Artery Disease Venous Thromboembolism Aortic Aneurysm More Premature Contractions - PACs and PVCs Updated:Dec 15,2016 ... You felt this more-forceful beat. Types of premature contractions Premature atrial contractions (PACs) start in the ...

  1. Discussion on Contract Management of Construction Enterprises in New Situation%新形势下的施工企业合同管理探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白峥

    2011-01-01

    From the perspective of current market economy environment,the necessity and specificity of the contract management for construction enterprises were elaborated.Common problems of contract management lie in construction enterprises were analyzed,such as poor legal consciousness,unsound contract management setup and the system,formalized contract execution,etc.Based on the above analysis,some key points for implementing effective contract management in construction enterprises were discussed in detail,such as the establishment of contract management setup,promoting project management,optimizing the design of construction organizations,avoiding contract risk,strengthening sub-management,etc.Some aspects were focused on,such as how to infiltrate valuation norms into the process of contract management,reinforce risk consciousness and practically evade risk in the current valuation model of Bill of Quantities.%从当前市场环境视角入手,阐述建筑行业施工企业开展合同管理的必要性和特殊性,分析了当前施工企业合同管理工作中普遍存在的问题,如企业法律意识淡薄,合同管理体系和制度不健全,合同执行流于形式等.通过分析,详细探讨了建筑行业施工企业实施有效合同管理的关键环节,如合同管理体系的建立,推行项目管理模式,优化施工组织设计,规避合同风险,强化分包管理等,还着重分析了在当前工程量清单计价模式下,如何将计价规范贯彻于合同管理过程中,以强化风险意识,切实规避风险.

  2. State health managers' perceptions of the Public Health Action Organizational Contract in the State of Ceará, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goya, Neusa; Andrade, Luiz Odorico Monteiro de; Pontes, Ricardo José Soares; Tajra, Fábio Solon; Barreto, Ivana Cristina de Holanda Cunha

    2017-04-01

    The Public Health Action Organizational Contract (COAP) / Decree 7.508/2011 aimed to seal health agreements made between federated entities to promote the cooperative governance and management of Health Regions. A qualitative study was carried out adopting a hermeneutic approach to understand state health managers' perceptions of the elaboration and effects of the COAP in the State of Ceará. Open-ended interviewees and documental analysis were conducted. It was observed that the COAP led to the strengthening of regionalization in the government sphere; institutional gains through the implementation of ombudsmen and the National System of Pharmaceutical Care Management; increased information about the state health system's workforce; and health budget transparency. The following problems were (re)visited: institutional weakness in the operation of the network; limited state capacity for regulation of care; and underfunding. Regional governance was restricted to the government sphere, coordinated by the state, and was characterized by a predominantly bureaucratic and hierarchical governance structure. The COAP inaugurated a contractual interfederative model of regionalization, but revealed the institutional weaknesses of the SUS and its lacks of capacity to fulfill its principles as the structural problems of the three-tiered model go unaddressed.

  3. Welfare Reform: Bibliographies of Case Management and Agency/Client Contracting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-03-11

    the Quality of Community Care for % ~the Chronically Mentally Disabled: The Role of Case Management." Schizophrenia Bulletin. 1982; 8(4): 655-674...James and others. "Role of the Family in Case Manage- ment of the Mentally Ill." Schizophrenia Bulletin. 1986; 12(4): 699-708. The authors discuss and...resources for the purpose of empowerment . 7 Figures, 128 References. + s Page .12 GAID HRD-H84IFS Welfare Reform Bibliographies - 9 ’~’ *𔄃 S * % .. ~’S ’ W W

  4. Privacy Management Service Contracts as a New Business Opportunity for Operators

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L-F. Pau (Louis-François)

    2006-01-01

    textabstractRecognizing the importance of privacy management as a business process and a business support process, this paper proposes the use of service level agreements (SLA’s) around privacy features, including qualitative and quantitative ones. Privacy metrics are defined by both parties with

  5. Privacy Management Service Contracts as a New Business Opportunity for Operators

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L-F. Pau (Louis-François)

    2006-01-01

    textabstractRecognizing the importance of privacy management as a business process and a business support process, this paper proposes the use of service level agreements (SLA’s) around privacy features, including qualitative and quantitative ones. Privacy metrics are defined by both parties with bo

  6. Integral Risk Management for DBFM Tenders and Contracts in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wong, J.; Berkelaar, R.; Pekelharing, H.

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents an overview of an integral risk management approach with emphasis on the relationships with the costing and scheduling processes. Forms of uncertainty related to project planning are classified and implemented in the probabilistic costing and scheduling processes. Furthermore,

  7. Analysis of Air Force Office of Special Investigations Agents Knowledge of the Contract Management Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    organization to achieve ‘effectiveness and efficiency of operations, reliability of financial reporting, and compliance with applicable laws and regulations ...counterterrorism operations. In 2010 Agent Menanno was assigned to AFOSI Det 246, Al Dhafra AB, UAE , where he served as the CI Program Manager and was...59 1. Analysis by Employment Category

  8. Project Cost Management under General Contracting Mode%总承包模式下的工程造价管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓平

    2014-01-01

    随着我国建筑行业不断发展,工程项目总承包模式也随之发展起来。在现代建筑工程管理中,工程项目总承包是一种新型的管理模式,弥补了传统工程承包模式中的不足,推动了工程管理工作的发展。%Along with the construction industry continues to develop in our country, the general contracting mode of project has also developed. In modern construction project managem- ent, general contracting of project is a kind of new manage- ment mode. It makes up for the deficiencies of the traditional engineering contracting mode and promotes the development of project management work.

  9. Contracting for Public Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Greve, Carsten

    strategic purchasing understanding markets communicating the contracting decision designing and drafting the contract the role of the consumer the regulation of service provision Illustrated throughout with practitioner case-studies from a range of OECD countries, this book presents an important new......Insightful and comprehensive and covering new subjects like globalization and IT, this text, international in its approach, provides a thorough introduction to the key phases of the contracting process and the skills required by managers in its implementation. These include: policy for contracting...

  10. Using SCOR as a Supply Chain Management Framework for Government Agency Contract Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paxton, Joe

    2010-01-01

    Enterprise Supply Chain Management consists of: Specifying suppliers to support inter-program and inter-agency efforts. Optimizing inventory levels and locations throughout the supply chain. Executing corrective actions to improve quality and lead time issues throughout the supply chain. Processing reported data to calculate and make visible supply chain performance (provide information for decisions and actions). Ensuring the right hardware and information is provided at the right time and in the right place. Monitoring the industrial base while developing, producing, operating and retiring a system. Seeing performance deep in the supply chain that could indicate issues affecting system availability and readiness.

  11. Development of project management data calculation models relating to dismantling of nuclear facilities. Contract research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sukegawa, Takenori; Ohshima, Soichiro; Shiraishi, Kunio; Yanagihara, Satoshi [Department of Decommissioning and Waste Management, Tokai Research Establishment, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Tokai Ibaraki (Japan)

    1999-02-01

    Labor-hours necessary for dismantling activities are generally estimated based on experience, for example, as a form of unit productivity factors such as the relationship between labor-hours and weight of components dismantled which were obtained by actual dismantling activities. The project management data calculation models together with unit productivity factors for basic dismantling work activities were developed by analyzing the data obtained from the Japan Power Demonstration Reactor (JPDR) dismantling project, which will be applicable to estimation of labor-hours in various dismantling conditions. Typical work breakdown structures were also prepared by categorizing repeatable basic dismantling work activities for effective planning of dismantling activities. The labor-hours for dismantling the JPDR components and structures were calculated by using the code system for management of reactor decommissioning (COSMARD), in which the work breakdown structures and the calculation models were contained. It was confirmed that the labor-hours could be easily estimated by COSMARD through the calculations. This report describes the labor-hour calculation models and application of these models to COSMARD. (author)

  12. A stepwise approach for the management of capsular contraction syndrome in hinge-based accommodative intraocular lenses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Page TP

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Timothy P Page,1 Jeffrey Whitman2 1Department of Ophthalmology, Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, Royal Oak, MI, 2Key-Whitman Eye Center, Dallas, TX, USA Purpose: The aims of this study are to define the various stages of capsular contraction syndrome (CCS and its effect on refractive error with hinge-based accommodating intraocular lenses (IOLs and to describe a systematic approach for the management of the different stages of CCS. Methods: Hinge-based accommodative IOLs function via flexible hinges that vault the optic forward during accommodation. However, it is the flexibility of the IOL that makes it prone to deformation in the event of CCS. The signs of CCS are identified and described as posterior capsular striae, fibrotic bands across the anterior or posterior capsule, and capsule opacification. Various degrees of CCS may affect hinge-based accommodating IOLs in a spectrum from subtle changes in IOL appearance to significant increases in refractive error and loss of uncorrected visual acuity. The signs of CCS and its effect on IOL position and the resulting changes in refractive error are matched to appropriate treatment plans. Results: A surgeon can avoid CCS and manage the condition if familiar with the early signs of CCS. If CCS is identified, yttrium–aluminum–garnet laser capsulotomy should be considered. If moderate CCS occurs, it may be effectively treated with insertion of a capsular tension ring. If CCS is allowed to progress to advanced stages, an IOL exchange may be necessary. Conclusion: Surgeons should be familiar with the stages of CCS and subsequent interventions. The steps outlined in this article help to guide surgeons in the prevention and management of CCS with hinge-based accommodative IOLs in order to provide improved refractive outcomes for patients. Keywords: z-syndrome, pseudophakic tilt, IOL subluxation, CTR, capsular tension ring, capsular fibrosis

  13. 基于心理契约的人力资源管理探析%Human Resource Management Based on Psychological Contract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张英宣; 赵翠

    2012-01-01

    现代企业管理中,人力资源作为企业竞争的主导力量,其中员工心理契约问题受到越来越多地关注.大量阅读文献资料后,发现人力资源管理活动(如:招聘、培训、绩效等)对员工心理契约的影响深远.文章通过对心理契约理论的介绍,结合心理契约与人力资源管理的影响关系,从人力资源管理六大模块的角度出发,分析提出防止员工心理契约违背的有效措施,提高其工作满意度,以此来长效保障企业管理活动的顺利进行,战略目标的长远发展.%In modern enterprise management, human resources are the dominant force in the enterprise competition, and the workers' psychological contract has get more and more attention. After reading some documents, it found that human resources management activities (such as, recruitment, training, performance, etc.) have a far-reaching influence on the psychological contract of employees. The article introduces the psychological contract theory, combines with the relationship between psychological contract and human resource management, analyzes the six modules of human resources management, and proposes the effective measures to prevent the psychological contract violates and improve its job satisfaction, in order to ensure the smooth implementation of enterprise management activities and the long-term development of the strategic goal.

  14. 7 CFR 250.53 - Contract provisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION DONATION OF FOODS FOR USE IN THE UNITED STATES, ITS... Management Companies § 250.53 Contract provisions. (a) Required contract provisions in fixed-price contracts... recipient agency's fixed-price contract with a food service management company. Such provisions must also...

  15. 48 CFR 246.202 - Types of contract quality requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Quality Requirements 246.202 Types of contract quality requirements. ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Types of contract quality...

  16. Optimal Coordinated Management of a Plug-In Electric Vehicle Charging Station under a Flexible Penalty Contract for Voltage Security

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jip Kim

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The increasing penetration of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs may cause a low-voltage problem in the distribution network. In particular, the introduction of charging stations where multiple PEVs are simultaneously charged at the same bus can aggravate the low-voltage problem. Unlike a distribution network operator (DNO who has the overall responsibility for stable and reliable network operation, a charging station operator (CSO may schedule PEV charging without consideration for the resulting severe voltage drop. Therefore, there is a need for the DNO to impose a coordination measure to induce the CSO to adjust its charging schedule to help mitigate the voltage problem. Although the current time-of-use (TOU tariff is an indirect coordination measure that can motivate the CSO to shift its charging demand to off-peak time by imposing a high rate at the peak time, it is limited by its rigidity in that the network voltage condition cannot be flexibly reflected in the tariff. Therefore, a flexible penalty contract (FPC for voltage security to be used as a direct coordination measure is proposed. In addition, the optimal coordinated management is formulated. Using the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E 69-bus test distribution network, the effectiveness of the coordination was verified by comparison with the current TOU tariff.

  17. 电站EPC总承包的成本管理%Cost Management of EPC Contract for the Electric Power Station

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄锡秋; 陈关荣

    2009-01-01

    水汶电站工程采取EPC总承包方式,总承包单位中标后,通过加强对总成包项目成本的管理和控制,选择合理的成本风险规避措施,实现总承包项目的经济效益最优化.%EPC (Engineering, Procurement and Construction) contract is adopted by Shuiwen Electric Power Station. After EPC contractor (EPCC) won the bid, it can achieve a profitable contract optimization, by strengthening the management and control on the contract execution and adopting the reasonable methods to avoid the cost risks.

  18. 41 CFR 109-27.102-50 - Systems contracting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...-INVENTORY MANAGEMENT 27.1-Stock Replenishment § 109-27.102-50 Systems contracting. Systems contracting may... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Systems contracting. 109-27.102-50 Section 109-27.102-50 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property...

  19. 浅谈合同管理对工程造价的有效管控%Effective Management and Control of Contract Management for Engineering Cost

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈耘可; 张峰

    2013-01-01

      工程造价管理是对建设项目投资实施全过程的管理、控制与监督。工程合同作为工程造价的重要依据,是工程造价控制的基础。合理确定和有效控制工程造价,最大限度的提高投资效益是工程造价的最根本目的。其控制的主要手段,就是根据有效的计价依据,对项目内容和过程进行计价。%Engineering cost management is the whole-process management, control and supervision of investment of construction project. Engineering contracts as an important basis for project cost is the basis for project cost control. Reasonably determinating and effectively controlling project cost, and increasing investment efficiency is the most fundamental goal of project cost. Its primary means of control is based on a valid basis for the valuation and pricing of the project content and process.

  20. Asset management perspective on the duration of public-private partnership contracts: cost-control trade-off?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buiten, van M.; Hartmann, A.

    2015-01-01

    The risk-incentive model of principal-agent relations and its extensions to infrastructural public-private partnerships outline the efficiency implications of parameters such as contract duration. The predominant focus on individual contracts is of limited use for public agencies that need to alloca

  1. 高等教育实施契约管理的路径思考%Thoughts on the Path about Implementing Contract Management of Higher Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马陆亭; 陈浩

    2016-01-01

    契约管理是推动我国高等学校实现面向社会依法自主办学的有效方式。首先,按历史的脉络,从政治、经济两个方面分析契约发展的有关理论。进而以契约理论分析后发现我国高等教育在1998~2014年间,规模发展主要通过行政命令方式实现;质量内涵和制度建设主要通过契约管理完成。最后,以存在问题和未来方向为基础,进一步阐述了推进高等教育契约管理所具有的重要意义,并对实施路径进行了具体的制度设计。%Contract management is an effective way to promote the realization of the higher education institu‐tions running schools according to law .This paper conducts an analysis of the development of contract theory from the political and economic aspects according to the historical context .Using contract theory ,it is found that during the years of 1998 to 2014 , the development scale of higher education is achieved mainly by the means of administrative orders ,and the quality connotation and system construction of higher education are completed mainly by the means of contract management .Based on the existing problems and future directions , this paper further expounds the important significance of promoting the contract management of higher educa‐tion ,and designs the concrete system for the implementing path .

  2. 电力工程总承包中的风险管理研究%Research on risk management of overall contract for electric power projects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽娟

    2014-01-01

    通过论述加强电力建设工程风险管理的必要性,对工程合同存在的风险、设计风险、政策法律风险、质量风险、财务风险等进行了分析,并提出了合理的管理对策,以有效降低电力总承包中的风险。%According to the necessity for enhancing the risk management of the electric power construction,the paper analyzes the risks in engi-neering contracts,design risk,policy and law risk,quality risk,and financial risk,and points out reasonable management strategies,so as to lower the risks in the overall contract of the electric power projects.

  3. Application of Earned Value Management in Engineering Contracting Project%赢得值管理在工程总承包项目中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄琨

    2012-01-01

    the paper takes the earned value management in engineering contracting project as the object of study. At present, engineering project puts higher demand for schedule, cost control. Using scientific earned value management can organically combine with the project schedule and cost, which is significant to development of contracting project.%本文以工程总承包工程项目中的赢得值管理为研究对象,目前的工程项目对进度、造价控制提出了更高的要求,采用科学的赢得值管理,可以将项目的进度与成本有机地结合起来,对开展总承包项目具有一定的应用意义.

  4. Dynamics of risk management in the regulated contracting environment of the Brazilian electrical sector; Dinamica da gestao de riscos no ambiente de contratacao regulada do setor eletrico brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Souza, Fabio Cavaliere de

    2008-11-15

    This thesis analyses the dynamics of risk management in the regulated contracting environment of the Brazilian electrical sector. As in the new model the distribution utilities are obliged to ensure energy contracting to supply their whole markets, these companies became exposed to volume risks related to the demand uncertainties. So the new model following similar directives from the first phase developed management tools to mitigate the new risks mentioned above. As in a well structured market it is expected that the risks should be evenly shared or that risk management tools should be provided for all, this work intended to analyze the dynamics of the designed mechanisms and their impacts over the regulated market. In this work the risks of the electricity markets are studied and the management tools devised for the Brazilian market are identified. Finally for understanding the dynamics a thorough analysis of the auctions, of the mechanism for compensation of surplus and deficits and tariffs are carried on. The results show that the management tools were regularly employed by distribution companies, but the risks were merely transferred to the captive customers leading to distortions and asymmetries that conflict with the basis that guided the second phase of the reform. The work proposes remedial actions to mitigate the observed impacts and to provide risk management tools to the captive customer. (author)

  5. Dynamic Management of Mutual Fund Advisory Contracts = Yatırım Fonu Anlaşmalarının Dinamik Yönetimi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaman Ö. ERZURUMLU

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The price of professional portfolio management provided by the mutual fund adviser depends not only on the fund characteristics but also on the fund objective, the adviser's portfolio related and management based decisions, and the portfolio performance. I analyze the advisory fee, using a survivorship bias free data set of 176 equity funds managed by 125 different advisers. Advisers benchmark the objective average but this benefit the shareholders only when the objective trend is descending. Advisers tend to reduce the cost of their marginal product through the use of derivatives or manipulate by engaging in soft dollar agreements. I find that the advisers actively manage the advisory fee contracts responding to the outcome of their management decisions. The advisory fee increases after voluntary fee reimbursement or if the adviser is not fully reimbursed for the compensation of independent directors and officers.

  6. EPC 总承包管理模式在风电项目中的应用%Application of EPC Contracting Management Mode in Wind Power Projects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    As one project management mode, EPC contracting is increasingly applied in various fields.In this paper, application of EPC contracting management mode in the whole process of one wind power project construction is described.It wholly covers design, construc-tion till warranty period.The practice demonstrates that application of EPC contracting management mode is feasible and successful in the wind power project construction .%“EPC总承包”作为一种工程项目管理模式,已在越来越多的行业得到应用。文章阐述了“EPC总承包”项目管理在某风力发电整个工程项目实施过程中的应用,贯穿于工程设计、工程施工直至建成投产保修的全过程。实践证明,“EPC总承包”管理模式在风电工程中的应用是切实可行的、是成功的。

  7. 中国基础设施建设走向国际的合同管理研究%International Infrastructure Contract Management of Chinese Construction Company

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹小琳; 宋阳

    2011-01-01

    With the globalization, reform and opening up of China, the level of Chinese construction is rising up. It is required the construction enterprises of China to prepare international strategy, and contracting the infrastructure construction outside is the important element of internationalization. However, in the progress of Chinese construction enterprises contracting the infrastructure construction overseas, due to its low level of contract management, there are many problems from the stage of signing the contract to the stage of implementation. Taking a project of the construction of a construction company construct 200 schools for boys and girls in Saudi Arabia for example, the article studies the contract management of infrastructure construction and put out suggestions.%随着全球经济一体化的发展和中国改革开放的不断深入,中国工程建设的水平不断提高,新时期对我国建筑企业提出了走向国际化的新的战略要求,而境外基础设施建设工程承包是走向国际化的一项重要内容.但是,在中国建筑企业走向国际化进行境外基础设施建设的过程中,由于合同管理水平不高,从合同的签订到实施均存在一系列问题.以某建筑公司在沙特建造的200所男校女校的工程项目为例,对境外基础设施建设中出现的合同管理问题进行了研究,并提出了对策建议.

  8. Administrative contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vukićević-Petković Milica

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Administrative contracts are a special type of contract where usually one of the contracting parties is a public law body and which is concluded for the performance of public service and the realization of a public interest. They go a long way since its inception to its eventual final acceptance of all the legal systems. One of the enduring characteristics of this type of contract is their disquised or unnoticed existence. This is why only monitoring their development may lead to a complete understanding of the importance and essence of this institution as well as the need for its complete legal regulation.

  9. Electrical contracting

    CERN Document Server

    Neidle, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Electrical Contracting, Second Edition is a nine-chapter text guide for the greater efficiency in planning and completing installations for the design, installation and control of electrical contracts. This book starts with a general overview of the efficient cabling and techniques that must be employed for safe wiring design, as well as the cost estimation of the complete electrical contract. The subsequent chapters are devoted to other electrical contracting requirements, including electronic motor control, lighting, and electricity tariffs. A chapter focuses on the IEE Wiring Regulations an

  10. 48 CFR 2446.710 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Performance Specifications or Design Criteria, whenever it is in the Government's interest. ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contract clauses. 2446.710... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Warranties 2446.710 Contract clauses. (c)(1) The contracting...

  11. 48 CFR 970.1504 - Contract pricing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract pricing. 970.1504 Section 970.1504 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY AGENCY SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS Contracting by Negotiation 970.1504 Contract pricing....

  12. EPC总承包模式下项目风险管理研究%Study on project risk management under EPC general contracting mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾其威

    2012-01-01

    EPC(设计-采购-施工)合同模式是近年来国内逐渐推行的建设管理模式,该模式下经济风险一般都要求由总承包企业承担,其对风险防范能力的强弱成为项目赢利多少的关键。文章简要介绍EPC项目的风险因素以及可能产生的风险损失,并提出工程总承包项目风险防范的相关措施。%EPC(Design-Procurement-Construction) contract model is the promoting gradually construction management mode at domestic in recent years.General contract enterprises should take all responsibilities under the construction management mode,and the ability of risk prevention is the key to profitability of the project.This paper briefly introduces that the risk factors of EPC project and possible risk losses,and put forward the measures of risk prevention of general contracted project.

  13. Fuzzy contractibility

    OpenAIRE

    GÜNER, Erdal

    2007-01-01

    Abstract. In this paper, .rstly some fundamental concepts are included re- lating to fuzzy topological spaces. Secondly, the fuzzy connected set is intro- duced. Finally, de.ning fuzzy contractible space, it is shown that X is a fuzzy contractible space if and only if X is fuzzy homotopic equivalent with a fuzzy single-point space.

  14. Discussion on Localized Management of International Contract Projects%国际工程承包属地化管理探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王明毅; 熊高峡

    2014-01-01

    Localized management is of great importance for international contract projects .Current status and difficulties in the localized management of international contract projects of Chinese construction corporations are discussed .The gap in localized management between the construction corporations from China and developed countries are analyzed .Some important concepts and strategies to implement localized management are proposed through the analysis of their useful ex -periences.%基于国际工程承包属地化管理的必要性,探讨我国建筑企业在国际工程属地化管理中的现状和面临的困难,分析我国与发达国家建筑企业国际工程属地化管理的差距,通过借鉴国际工程有益的属地化管理经验,提出建立国际工程承包属地化管理的主要思路及策略。

  15. Capsule contraction syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mesut COŞKUN

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Capsule contraction syndrome occurs after fibrous metaplasia of lens proteins that leads to capsular bag contraction. Excessive front capsular wrinkling is seen in capsule contraction syndrome and there is an imbalance between powers supplying capsular integrity. This situation leads to zonular weakness. Capsule contraction syndrome is associated with pseudoexfoliation, older age, uveitis, pars planitis and myotonic muscular dystrophy. In order to decrease the risk of capsule contraction syndrome, front capsulerhexis area should be open as 5.5-6 mm diameter and a curysoft intraocular lens should be used. In order to prevent lens epithelial proliferation and metaplasia, lens epithelial cells at inferior surface of front capsule should be aspirated carefully. If postoperative capsular contraction detected, front capsulotomy should be performed by Nd-YAG laser at postoperative 2 to 3 weeks. In patients that Nd-YAG laser is unsuccessful, capsular tension should be decreased by surgical microincisions. In present study, we evaluated etiology, prevention and management of capsule contraction syndrome in the light of actual literature knowledge.

  16. 基于心理契约违背的读者抱怨管理%Readers’Complaint Management Based on Violation of Psychological Contract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张亚宏

    2015-01-01

    在图书馆管理服务中,图书馆与读者存在着心理契约关系。读者不满与抱怨是读者心理契约破坏与违背的直接结果。读者抱怨是一个动态过程,它可能产生于读者使用图书馆的整个过程,也可能产生于使用图书馆结束后。读者抱怨管理是一个复杂的管理系统。要做好读者抱怨管理工作,就要层层把关,既做好抱怨形成前的预判工作,也要做好事中的调解工作和事后补救工作,降低读者心理契约破坏与违背机率。%In the service of library management,there exists the relationship of psychological contract between the library and the readers.In fact,readers’dissatisfaction and complaint are a direct result which may come from the breakage and violation of readers’psychologicl contract.The formation of readers’complaint is a complicated dynamic process,which may arise from the reader’s use of the li-brary’s entire process,and it may be produced in the end of the service.Readers complain that man-agement is a complex management system.To improve the reader complaints management work, which completes the complain that formed before the pre judgment,also want to do Hoston the medi-ation work and remedial work,reduce the reader’s psychological contract breach and violation proba-bility.

  17. 多智能体的设备采购合同管理系统建模与设计%Using Swarm Model to Analyze and Design Multi-Agent Based Equipment Purchasing Contract Management System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玮; 徐一帆

    2012-01-01

    从现代设备采购合同管理的概念出发,首先介绍了设备采购合同管理所面临的新的挑战,然后提出了基于多智能体的设备采购合同管理系统模型.多智能体系统和设备采购合同管理系统都是非常复杂的.为了降低开发基于多智能体设备采购合同管理系统的难度,采用SWARM建模方法,分析和设计了一个简化的设备采购合同管理系统.%Based on the concept of modern equipment purchasing contract management, we first introduce the new challenge to equipment purchasing contract management, and then present a new equipment purchasing contract management framework based on multi-agent theory. Since multi-agent system and equipment purchasing contract management system are both very complex, we use swarm model to analyze and design a simplified equipment purchasing contract management system in order to reduce the difficulty of developing the multi-agent based equipment purchasing contract management system.

  18. 75 FR 2463 - Continuing Contract for Civil Works Project Managed by the United States Army Corps of Engineers...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-15

    ... line of the message. Mail: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Attn: CECT-P (Robin A. Baldwin), 441 G Street... copy form. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Robin A. Baldwin, Headquarters U.S. Army Corps of... language and is designed to give USACE officials options for funding contracts spanning more than...

  19. 48 CFR 1842.7202 - Contract clause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contract clause. 1842.7202 Section 1842.7202 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION AND AUDIT SERVICES NASA Contractor Financial Management...

  20. Utility Energy Services Contracts: Enabling Documents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thomas, Karen; Vasquez, Deb

    2017-01-01

    The Federal Energy Management Program's 'Utility Energy Service Contracts: Enabling Documents' provide legislative information and materials that clarify the authority for federal agencies to enter into utility energy service contracts, or UESCs.

  1. 48 CFR 246.710 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Warranties 246.710 Contract clauses. (1) Use a... Construction (Germany), instead of the clause at FAR 52.246-21, Warranty of Construction, in solicitations and... Germany....

  2. PROPOSAL OF THE SOCIAL CONTRACT IN MANAGEMENT AS INSTRUMENT OF ANALYSIS FOR THE EMPLOYMENT RELATION. THE EXPERIENCE OF AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muresanu Doina

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The communication presents the partial results of a research proposing the social contract as a new instrument of analysis for the employment relation in a social context in change, such as the case of Rumania. Until then, the research which aimed at the employment relation which is formed between the employer and the employees widely appealed to the concept of psychological contract (Rousseau, 1989; 1995. The psychological contract, defined as the perception of the mutual obligations assumed by the employee and by the employer, benefited from a fashion effect in the 1990s, when the economic difficulties questioned the model of classic employment relation based on loyalty. However, most of the empirical works on the psychological contract are static studies, for the greater part elaborated by questionnaire, which do not allow to define the impact of the social context change on the evolution of the employment relation. Although certain studies are interested in a context of change (Dick, 2010, most of the past works describe the contents and the evaluation of the psychological contract in an unchanging social environment. Yet, we saw it in the case of the ex-communist countries or those of the Northern Africa, the change in the environment of the employment relation is more present than ever. Our communication proposes a research frame which would be more suited to the understanding of the employment relation in a society in change. To do it, we rely on the social contract in management, which we define as the ensemble of the norms and of the tacit laws existing in a society or a group given with regard to the relation of employment. The approach by the social contract presents the advantage of including multiple elements bound to a societal context, such as the laws, the national culture, the faiths shared by the business environment, etc. (Rousseau, 1995. It offers a new frame of analysis for the employment relation by suggesting that it is

  3. Thoughts on Contract Risk Management in Cost Management and Control of Real Estate Enterprises%房地产企业合同风险管理在成本管控中的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶安华

    2012-01-01

    本文探讨房地产企业合同管理的现状,分析目前房地产企业合同管理的存在风险及成因,提出具有针对性的防范和控制措施,以降低房地产企业经营风险,提高企业经济效益.%This paper discusses the present situation of contract management of the real estate enterprises, analyzes risk and causes of contract management of real estate enterprises, and puts forward some corresponding preventing and controlling measures to reduce the business risks of real estate enterprises and economic efficiency.

  4. Managing the efficiency of foreign engineering contracts: A study of a Norwegian and South Korean project interface

    OpenAIRE

    Ahn, Byungmu

    2015-01-01

    Oil & gas exploration and production industry in North Sea has greatly been challenged over the last decade with increasing cost profiles. This condition, together with relatively low oil price has begun to squeeze the commercial margins of a large number of assets. Foreign engineering contracts have become a common trend in this context seeking significant cost advantage during the engineering phase of major offshore production assets. However, this popular strategy has been met with serious...

  5. Army Corps of Engineers. Recent Changes Have Reduced the Use of Continuing Contracts, but Management Processes Need to Be Improved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    that were awarded during the 2-year time frame but were missing from the Corps’ quarterly reports by querying the Corps’ Primavera database.3 We did...not assess the reliability of the Primavera database, but we verified information from that... Primavera has an optional field to track continuing contracts that was added to the database in early 2007. Page 17 GAO-09-552 Army Corps of Engineers

  6. Contract Renewal Information - all Contracts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — Multifamily Portfolio datasets (section 8 contracts) - The information has been compiled from multiple data sources within FHA or its contractors. HUD oversees more...

  7. Trust, contract and relationship development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klein Woolthuis, R.J.A.; Hillebrand, B.; Nooteboom, B.

    2005-01-01

    This article contributes to the debate on the relation between trust and control in the management of inter-organizational relations. More specifically, we focus on the question how trust and formal contract are related. While there have been studies on whether trust and contract are substitutes or

  8. Trust, contract and relationship development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klein Woolthuis, R.J.A.; Hillebrand, B.; Nooteboom, B.

    2005-01-01

    This article contributes to the debate on the relation between trust and control in the management of inter-organizational relations. More specifically, we focus on the question how trust and formal contract are related. While there have been studies on whether trust and contract are substitutes or

  9. Contract theory and EU Contract Law

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between contract theory and European contract law. In particular, it confronts the leading contract law theories with the main characteristics of EU contract law. The conclusion is that the two do not match well. In particular, monist normative contract theories are largely irreconcilable with the contract law of the EU. The paper further addresses the main implications of this mismatch, both for contract theory and for EU contract law. It suggests that in...

  10. 谈电力工程 EPC 总承包项目风险管理%Discussion on EPC general contracting project risk management of power engineering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李勇

    2015-01-01

    The paper explores the importance of EPC general contracting project risk management of power engineering,analyzes its risk factors identification methods,and puts forward effective risk management measures,with a view to guarantee power engineering construction smooth.%探讨了电力工程EPC总承包项目风险管理的重要性,分析了EPC总承包项目风险因素的识别方法,并且提出了EPC总承包项目风险的有效管理措施,以保证电力工程建设工作的顺利进行。

  11. 强化合同内涵管理,积极化解施工企业风险%Strengthening Contract Content Management,Actively Resolving the Enterprise Risk

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘荣素

    2011-01-01

    近年来,由于市场竞争的激烈,施工企业大多注意经营承揽任务,忽视了对合同的动态管理,造成施工企业的利益流失,强化合同内涵管理旨在通过涉及合同运行的生产要素的把控,达到提高管理水平,积极化解施工企业风险的目的.%In recent years, due to fierce market competition, construction companies mostly pay attention to contract management tasks, and ignore the dynamic management of contracts, resulting in the interests loss of construction companies. Content management is to control the production factors that involved in the contract operation, so as to improve the management level and actively resolve enterprise risk.

  12. 农地承包经营权条件下的流转合约控制能力与社群关系%Transfer of Contract, Controlling Ability and Social Relationship on the Condition of Rural Land Contract Management Right

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊云波; 唐清利

    2012-01-01

    According to a dialogue with the theory of "social contract", and contrast four different kinds contracts of contracting management right about agricultural land, the authors propose a analysis framework of "relations embedded contract", and explains the logic of the contract formation and execution. In the constraints of interest structure, agreed people structure, control ability etc, the community relations in village domain produced different degree of embedded effect to the contract. If the social relations can effectively embedded, contract parties will take reducing contract specification, conceding contract interests, tolerating the noncompliance or tort etc, to establish, exchange and maintain a cooperation and trust relationships that outside the formal contract.%通过与“社会性合约”理论的对话,对比四个不同性质的农业用地经营权流转合约,提出一个“关系嵌入合约”的分析框架,并解释农地承包经营权流转合约的形成与执行逻辑。在利益结构、约定人结构和控制能力等因素的约束下,村域中的社群关系对合约发生了不同程度的嵌入效应。如果社群关系能够有效嵌入,合约方就会采取降低合约规范性、让渡合约内利益、容忍违约行为或侵权行为等方式,建立、换取和维护正式合约外的合作与信任关系。

  13. 48 CFR 1342.202 - Assignment of contract administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Assignment of contract administration. 1342.202 Section 1342.202 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION Contract Administration Services 1342.202 Assignment of contract...

  14. 48 CFR 46.202 - Types of contract quality requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Quality Requirements 46.202 Types of contract quality requirements. Contract quality requirements fall into four general categories, depending on the extent of... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Types of contract quality...

  15. The Role of Career-Self-Management in Determining Employees’Perceptions and Evaluations of their Psychological Contract and their Esteemed Value of Career Activities Offered by the Organization

    OpenAIRE

    V. DE SCHAMPHELAERE; Vos, A; D. BUYENS

    2004-01-01

    The development of a career is subject to an interaction and exchange process between employer and employee. In addition, the changing nature and meaning of a career in today’s competitive labor market has stimulated researchers to relate this with the psychological contract theory (e.g. Herriot, 1998; Sparrow & Cooper, 1998). However, the research domain of career self-management and the potential influence on the perception and evaluation of the psychological contract and on career activiti...

  16. Delegated Contracting and Corporate Hierarchies

    OpenAIRE

    Choe, Chongwoo; Park, In-Uck

    2004-01-01

    In a typical corporate hierarchy, the manager is delegated the authority to make decisions that set directions for the organization, employ subordinates and contract with external suppliers. This paper explains when such delegation of authority can be optimal, using a model of a firm with three parties: the principal, the manager and the worker. In centralization with two two-tier hierarchies, the principal designs contracts for both agents. In delegation with a three-tier hierarchy, the prin...

  17. Contracting and Performance in Agencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørnholt, Bente; Houlberg Salomonsen, Heidi; Rennison, Betina Wolfgang

    , documentary and interview data. To measure the degree of performance as the degree of goal attainment, all agency contracts for 2008 as well as the subsequent ‘enterprise accounts’ defining the goal attainment have been collected. There were 62 agencies in 2008, 58 of which had a contract. Goal attainment...... is measured by linking each performance demand in each contract to the corresponding assessment in the enterprise accounts of whether the demand has been fulfilled, partly fulfilled or not fulfilled. The data on the experience of the contracting process were collected as the agency heads’ subjective......As part of New Public Management (NPM), contracting represents a supplement to the traditional hierarchical and rule-based managing of relations between actors in order to improve performance (Fortin and van Hassel 2000; Greve and Ejersbo 2002; Drewry et al. 2005; Verhoest 2005). To various degrees...

  18. 浅谈加强我国石油建筑企业的合同管理%Discussion on Strengthening Contract Management of China's Petroleum and Construction Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘储

    2012-01-01

    The market economy is both contract economy and rule of law economy, and the contract is a legal form of the exchange of commodities. The contract links to the enterprises' economic exchanges. Effectively doing a good job on contract management is an important magic weapon for the success of enterprises. Therefore, the role of contract management in the enterprise is of vital importance. The paper mainly discusses contract management of petroleum and construction enterprises.%市场经济既是契约经济也是法治经济,合同是商品交换的法律表现形式.合同联系着企业的经济往来.有效做好合同管理,是企业取得成功的一个重要法宝.由此可知,合同管理在企业中的作用至关重要.本文主要对石油建筑企业的合同管理进行了探讨.

  19. Research on Management of BOO Project Contract System Based on Full Life Cycle%基于全寿命周期的BOO项目合同体系管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘华丽; 方俊; 龚越

    2016-01-01

    This paper establishes the BOO project contract system based on full life cycle by analyzing the contract’s type,the contract signing stage and the relationship of principal-agent among stakeholders in the project. On this basis,establishes the management information base for BOO project contract system, dynamically tracks and manages the BOO contract system based on full life cycle with the help of the software of contract information management,which is aimed to coordinate the relationship among the contracts and achieve the win-win situation of the BOO project.%从合同签订阶段、合同类别及项目利益相关者间的委托代理关系三个角度展开分析,构建基于全寿命周期的BOO项目合同体系。在此基础上,构建BOO合同体系管理信息库,通过借助合同信息管理软件对基于全寿命周期的BOO合同体系进行动态跟踪管理,旨在协调各合同间的传导关系,实现BOO项目的多赢。

  20. 村域土地承包经营权流转价格研究%Transferring Price of Land Contract and Management Rights at Village Levels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    穆松林; 张义丰; 高建华; 刘春腊

    2011-01-01

    Agriculture, countryside, and peasant problems have been three challenges China is being faced with.The fundamental measure of resolving these issues is developing rural productivity.The land use policy reform is the major method of solving these problems.The Communist Party of China and the government permit the transfer of land contract and management rights in various forms and develop a variety of forms for appropriate large-scale operation.Land contract and management rights are usufructuary rights from agricultural land,which exist in economy, society, and the environment through transfer market allocation.The current price evaluation system lacks a systematic and reasonable price assessment of transferring land contract and management rights.This drawback has weakened market resources allocation,slowed down the market allocation of land resources, and hindered optimal land resources allocation.Smooth transferring land contract and management rights necessitates a scientific and systematic assessment system of the price.Based on principles of agricultural land value in constitution and land use rights assessment of the basic approach and characteristic correction of land contract and management rights, the authors built a transferring pricing model, and applied it to Xiwan village that is typical agricultural areas in China.Results show that transferring price of land contract and management rights should involve economic price, social price, and corrected price.The three prices were calculated using different methods.Empirical analysis shows that the transferring price calculated by the model appears reasonable and affordable by the outflow side.The use of the price model should account for the distinction between theory and practical application if there is no change in management projects, i.e., agricultural management projects remain invariant, continuing to grow food crops; the transferring price is therefore the sum of economic price and social security

  1. Agile Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pries-Heje, Jan; Pries-Heje, Lene

    2014-01-01

    with “endless” re-negotiation of the requirements; you need a more flexible way to develop IS. A new way of coping with many changes is to use an agile development approach and a fixed budget and resources contract. This paper presents an example case. We analyse the case and design a guideline for how...

  2. Contract delay: what is it and how are we performing?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Finnie

    2012-02-01

    Research results about the level of contractor’s time management skills were analysed to determine the related impact on their ability to manage contract delays. A comparison was made between three conditions of contracts used in New Zealand to determine how delay management should be managed with a discussion about how the different contract conditions distribute risk among the parties. Recommendations were made to improve contract conditions, up-skill industry practitioners and ensure student graduates have adequate delay management skills.

  3. The role of psychological contract on employee commitment and organisational citizenship behaviour: A study of Indonesian young entrepreneurs in management action

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ade I. Anggraeni

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: This study aims to analyse the entrepreneurship-driven reasons and characteristics of employee management of the young generation, by analysing the role of psychological contract on employee commitment and organisational citizenship behaviour in the light of the characteristics of the millennial generation as the owners of small and medium-sized enterprises.Research purpose: The main objective of this study was to empirically analyse the effect of the psychological contract and organisational support on the organisational commitment and organisational citizenship behaviour of the employees of small-scale enterprises run by young entrepreneurs, especially in the cohort generation.Motivation for the study: This study attempts to analyse the characteristics of the millennial generation as the owners of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs in running the business by examining their managerial characteristics in managing workplace relationship that aims to achieve the stakeholder expectations and improve both commitment and organisational citizenship behaviour of employees.Research design, approach and method: Data were collected in the SMEs owned by young entrepreneurs in a city in Indonesia involving 150 respondents. The research model was tested using Structural Equation Modelling with analysis of moment structure (AMOS.Main findings: The results showed that the employee citizenship behaviour is influenced by the organisational commitment. The commitment of employees was formed by the ability of business owners to understand the needs and expectations of employees regarding opportunities of self-development, pleasant working environment, the benefit as the workload and the work challenge.Practical and managerial implications: This study implies the need for academic institutions and policy makers to get involved in addressing the rising phenomenon of entrepreneurship among the young generation.Contribution and added-value: This

  4. 41 CFR 105-72.508 - Contract provisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... instances in which a contractor violates or breaches the contract terms, and provide for such remedial... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Contract provisions. 105-72.508 Section 105-72.508 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property...

  5. Tourism in Cold Water Islands: A Matter of Contract? Experiences from Destination Management in the Polar North

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Per Åke Nilsson

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Lack of local understanding and low preparedness for tourism characterise many remote communities of the Polar North, thus undermining positive attitudes towards tourism even if tourism is seen as a development force. The relatively new interest in Arctic regions as a tourist destination combined with different exogenous forces like globalization and climate change make the situation even more complex. The peripheral and insular location often renders cruise tourism as the only option. Under these circumstances, the readiness to accept tourism as a development tool varies from destination to destination, ranging from being seen as a passport to development to a threat to local culture and traditional life. In order to bridge these perception gaps, the idea of a mental or written contract between tourists and local residents is discussed.

  6. 浅谈电力工程总承包项目基础工作的管理与控制%Management and Control of Power Engineering General Contracting Project Foundation Work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈红军; 高阳

    2012-01-01

    This paper discussed the advantages and development of power system engineering general contracting project management, analyzed the points and content of project management of general contracting, and made the scientific outlook on the engineering general contracting of project management.%文章对电力系统工程总承包项目实施管理的优势和未来市场发展前景进行论述,对工程总承包关于项目管理的要点及内容具体分析,对电力系统工程总承包的科学建设模式展望.

  7. Research on the hotel human resources management based on psychological contract%基于心理契约的饭店人力资源管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余瑶

    2011-01-01

    Psychological contract has been introduced into the hotel industry. Based on the respective obligations and psycho- logical perceptions of the hotel and its staff, the psychological contact influences not only the attitudes and behaviors of the hotel and its employees, but also the employees' performances and the hotel's competitiveness. Abiding by the psychological contract theory, this paper puts forward the strategies for hotel human resources management.%饭店业引入心理契约,以饭店与员工双方对于各自承担的义务以及应负责任的心理感知为基础,影响着饭店与员工的态度和行为。最终表现为对员工绩效及饭店竞争力的影响。本文以心理契约理论为依据.提出了饭店人力资源管理的策略。

  8. 电力工程总承包风险管理研究%Risk management on electric power project general contracting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周玕

    2013-01-01

      The mode of electric power engineering general contracting is a risky business for all kinds of risk throughout the project. Recognizing and controlling risk timely which improves the ability to resist risks dramatically decides the institute and its subordinate whether can remain invincible in the fierce competition. This paper illustrates all kinds of risks and effective measures on risk-controlling during general contracting projects, aiming at building an overall and systematic mechanism on risk management.%  电力工程总承包是一项充满风险的事业,各种风险贯穿于项目的全过程。能否及时识别并控制风险,提高企业抗风险能力,在很大程度上将决定电力工程总承包企业能否在激烈的市场竞争中立于不败之地。文章阐明电力工程总承包项目可能产生的风险,并提出风险控制措施,力求实现风险控制机制建设的全面性及系统性。

  9. Human Resource Management in International Engineering Contracting Projects%国际工程承包项目中的人力资源管理探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝拥军

    2015-01-01

    在新的历史阶段,我国根据国内外发展形势提出了“走出去”战略。国际工程承包是一种高级的劳务合作方式,但是,欧美等发达国家主导国际工程承包市场的现状,为国内参与国际工程承包的企业带来了重重困难。本文对国际工程承包项目中人力资源管理存在的问题及应采取的措施进行探讨。%In the new historical period, China puts forward "go global" strategy according to the situation at home and abroad. As the advanced labor cooperation mode, international engineering contracting is commonly adopt-ed by enterprises participating in the overseas market. But because the market is dominated by Europe and America, Chinese enterprises have encountered numerous difficulties. This paper explores the existing problems and available measures of human resources management in the international engineering contracting projects.

  10. Contract theory and EU Contract Law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hesselink, M.W.; Twigg-Flesner, C.

    2016-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between contract theory and European contract law. In particular, it confronts the leading contract law theories with the main characteristics of EU contract law. The conclusion is that the two do not match well. In particular, monist normative contract theories

  11. Contract theory and EU Contract Law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hesselink, M.W.; Twigg-Flesner, C.

    2016-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between contract theory and European contract law. In particular, it confronts the leading contract law theories with the main characteristics of EU contract law. The conclusion is that the two do not match well. In particular, monist normative contract theories

  12. Auditability In The U.S. Navy: A Knowledge Assessment Of The Contracting Workforce

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    are convicted of fraud, thus becoming ineligible for government contracts, the less competitive the market becomes, which would inevitably lead to an...four 6 segments of contract management that still face challenges as (1) a small acquisition workforce, (2) difficult contracting techniques, (3...contracts, purchasing, management, marketing , quantitative methods or organization and management, a Baccalaureate degree, and one year of contracting

  13. The Study on Privilege in Administrative Contract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于韬文

    2016-01-01

    With the continuous development of management methods, as the implementation means of administrative policy and social management ideal, the administrative contract has been widely accepted. Administrative areas contract to become the focus of people's attention. Administrative priority in administrative contract is to distinguish between private rights contract with the most critical characteristics of administrative contracts. But there are many problems of administrative priority in practice. In this paper, writer begins from the content of administrative priority and put forward myself proposals for the improvement of power supervision.

  14. On the way of circulation of rural land contracted management right%农村土地承包经营权流转方式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫文

    2013-01-01

    从产权角度分析,按照流转前后承包经营权权属是否改变,承包经营权流转可分为“权属不变型的流转方式”、“权属改变型的流转方式”和“有条件约束的权属改变型流转方式”。所谓“不改变权属的流转方式”指承包经营权的流出方保留物权性质的承包经营权,原承包关系不变,受让方仅获得债权性质的承包经营权全部或部分权能;“改变权属的流转方式”是指随着承包经营权流转的发生,原有流转标的上对应的发包方与承包方之间的承包关系终止,代之以发包方与新的承包方之间形成的新的承包关系;“可能改变权属的流转方式”是指在承包经营权流转发生后,随着某些条件的改变和满足,原承包关系有可能发生改变,如抵押等。%This article from the point of view of property rights, in accordance with the contractual right before and after the transfer of ownership is changed, contract operation rights transfer can be divided into "transfer ownership of the same type of way," "change the type of ownership transfer mode" and "conditional change in ownership constraints flow-type way." . The so-called "do not change the way the circulation of ownership" means the Contracting Party reserves the right to operate out of the nature of the contractual right of property, the original contract relations remain unchanged, the transferee received only the nature of the contractual right of creditors all or part of power; "Change The transfer of own-ership means "refers to contracting right along with the occurrence of the corresponding underlying original circulation Employer and Contractor terminate contractual relations between the parties and replaced with the new Employer formed between the contracting parties The new contractual relations; "may change the way the circulation of ownership" means the contractual management rights transfer occurred, along with

  15. Best practices in human resource management of Contracting & Engineering Company%工程公司人力资源管理最佳实践初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴维阳

    2014-01-01

    工程公司是中国现代化和城镇化中重要的建设力量,他们的行为对中国经济的繁荣和增长存在意义深远的影响。但国内众多工程公司基本都由勘察设计企业转制而来,现有的人力资源管理体系难以支撑其成功转型。本文通过大量文献资料,对10家优秀的工程公司人力资源实践进行归纳性分析,研究得到工程公司人力资源最佳实践:(1)工程公司人力资源实践必须承接公司发展的使命和人本价值的假设;(2)工程公司人力资源实践体现在人才挑选前、挑选中、挑选后的人才资源价值创造,蕴含在通过各种方式进行经营、职能、技术、项目四大人才梯队的招聘,培养,激励,进而促使其产生价值和提升自我的过程;(3)人文环境、人本文化(员工参与)等因素则是提升人力资本价值创造的关键中介条件。这些最佳实践为工程公司的成功转型提供了重要的人力资源启示。%Contracting & Engineering Company is the most important building strength of China's modernization and urbanization. But many domestic Contracting & Engineering Companies basic survey and design enterprises were conversing from Engineering Consultants Companies,whose human resources management system is dififcult to support their successful transition. This paper get Contracting&Engineering Company HR best Practices through a lot of literature on the 10 outstanding Contracting&Engineering Company’s human resources practices ,such as:(1) Contracting & Engineering Company HR practices must undertake the mission and the value of the company;(2) Contracting&Engineering Company HR practices embody in personnel recruitment , training , motivation;(3) the human environment , human culture ( employee participation ) and other factors to enhance the value of human capital are the key to creating an intermediary condition . These best practices provides an important

  16. The Cross-Cultural Human Resource Management in International Engineering Contracting%国际工程承包中的跨文化人力资源管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王铁雁

    2012-01-01

    The negative impact of cultural conflict in international engineering contracting necessitated the establishment of a cross-cultural human resource management system.This paper proposes a set of key measures to build such a system,which encompasses improvement of the cross-cultural human resource management and cross-cultural communication channels,maximization of the specialty of all staffs,localization of human resource management,and diversification of the training systems and their implementation with cross-cultural consideration throughout the project.%国际工程承包过程中的文化冲突对人力资源管理带来负面影响,为此,应建立跨文化的人力资源管理体系。完善跨文化人力资源管理机制,建立跨文化沟通渠道;努力发挥各类员工的特长,加强人力资源本土化管理;建立多样化的培训体系,开展全程跨文化培训是我国工程承包企业提升人力资源管理水平,保障工程顺利完成的重要措施。

  17. Applicability of NASA contract quality management and failure mode effect analysis procedures to the USGS Outer Continental Shelf oil and gas lease management program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyer, M. K.; Little, D. G.; Hoard, E. G.; Taylor, A. C.; Campbell, R.

    1972-01-01

    An approach that might be used for determining the applicability of NASA management techniques to benefit almost any type of down-to-earth enterprise is presented. A study was made to determine the following: (1) the practicality of adopting NASA contractual quality management techniques to the U.S. Geological Survey Outer Continental Shelf lease management function; (2) the applicability of failure mode effects analysis to the drilling, production, and delivery systems in use offshore; (3) the impact on industrial offshore operations and onshore management operations required to apply recommended NASA techniques; and (4) the probable changes required in laws or regulations in order to implement recommendations. Several management activities that have been applied to space programs are identified, and their institution for improved management of offshore and onshore oil and gas operations is recommended.

  18. The present situation of energy contract management in the country, the problems and countermeasures%我国合同能源管理存在问题与对策思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄春; 李春燕; 季东军

    2012-01-01

    合同能源管理是一种新型的市场化节能机制。文章在分析我国合同能源管理现状和总结存在的主要问题的基础上,提出了合同能源管理要谨防一哄而上。加强政策扶持和引导。建立成熟、完善和规范的市场环境。多管齐下引导合同能源管理规范发展的建议。%Contract energy management is a new market-oriented energy-saving mechanism. In the analysis of the contract energy management status and summary of the main problems, based on the proposed energy management contract to guard against indiscriminate, multi-pronged approach to promote energy management, government and relevant departments should further improve laws and regulations to guide the energy contract the healthy development of management recommendations.

  19. Managing Relationships and Competence to Stay Market-Oriented: The Case of a Finnish Contract Research Organization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seppänen, Veikko; Skaates, Maria Anne

    2001-01-01

    Relationships influence organizations' competencies. A model of competence dynamics at the organization, dyad, and network levels is developed and applied in a contractual R&D case. It is argued that the model also depicts marketing concerns of knowledge-intensive professional services firms....... Finally developing processual models of relationship-related competence management is discussed....

  20. Contract delay: what is it and how are we performing?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Finnie

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThis paper examines the management of contract delays in the construction industry as currently practised, and suggests some best practice alternative methods.Research results about the level of contractor’s time management skills were analysed to determine the related impact on their ability to manage contract delays. A comparison was made between three conditions of contracts used in New Zealand to determine how delay management should be managed with a discussion about how the different contract conditions distribute risk among the parties. Recommendations were made to improve contract conditions, up-skill industry practitioners and ensure student graduates have adequate delay management skills.

  1. Improvement of the course “Management of intellectual property” based on the mixed state contract in the field of scientific R&D

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yakovlev, D.; Ageev, A.; Yushkov, E.; Bogatyreova, M.

    2017-01-01

    Intellectual property (IP) is one of the forms of storing knowledge - intangible assets of knowledge economy. The translation of IP knowledge to the young generation is one of the challenges of nuclear knowledge management. At the NRNU MEPhI (National Research Nuclear University MEPhI), the subject is studied within the framework of the academic course “Management of intellectual property. The aim of the course is to train qualified specialists, ready to use modern methods of strategic management of IP in commercial firms. The article is devoted to the strengthening and transfer of IP rights for scientific output application in industry and commerce. The state remains the main source that finances all the significant developments in the field of science and technology. Therefore, the primary task is to effectively utilize the R&D output created at the expense of the Federal budget, both within the state order and the estimated budget financing. Currently, there exist contradictions in the area of strengthening and transfer of rights for R&D in the field of science. The newly borne concept dealing with the strengthening of IP rights for the scientific R&D output, centers on the theory of a mixed state contract and is conveniently integrated with the academic course mentioned. Knowledge itself takes the form of IP, as soon as it becomes formalized. The academic course when supplemented with various approaches to strengthening and transfer of IP rights for the scientific R&D output certainly gives a better understanding of the commercialization process of the intellectual capital and structures relevance to intellectual property. The research material is integrated with the educational process, and the academic course “Management of intellectual property” is designed both for economic and engineering specialties.

  2. Army Contract Writing System (ACWS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    the integration with Army Enterprise Resource Planning systems. As a financial feeder system, ACWS will meet the compliance requirements of the...Federal Financial Management Improvement Act of 1996. The system will meet the full scope of Army Contracting requirements, including those in secure and...business process efficiencies, support compliance with the Federal Financial Management Improvement Act of 1996, integrate with existing Enterprise

  3. BIM技术在天津117大厦项目工程总承包管理中的应用%BIM Technology in the Application of the Tianjin 117 Building Project Engineering General Contracting Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安培; 周晓帆

    2014-01-01

    以天津117大厦项目中BIM技术应用为例,探索BIM技术在项目总承包管理过程中的应用,从BIM实施策划、BIM实施专项应用、BIM综合管理三个方面,阐述了BIM实施内容和管理方式,通过BIM模型作为纽带,将BIM技术与项目总承包管理相结合,实现设计管理和施工管理全过程信息传递及共享,打造设计、施工、资源、商务等一体化BIM总承包管理体系。%117 building project in the BIM technology application in Tianjin as an example,explore the BIM technology application in the project general contracting management process,from the BIM implementation plan,the implementation of special application,plus BIM integrated management three aspects,this paper expounds the BIM implementation content and management mode,through the BIM model as the link,the BIM technology combined with project general contracting management,design management and construction management the whole process of information transfer and sharing,building design,construction,resources,BIM general contracting business,such as integration management system.

  4. Today’s Crisis in Contracting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-01

    semester 7 hours in accounting, law, business , finance, contracts, purchasing, economics, industrial management , marketing, quantitative methods, or...actions into VCE -Contract Management tool. Receive PRs into the office. Mail Procurement Clerk duties. 37) No. 38) I serve as the IMO and IASO for... business enterprise, the command awards more than 260,000 contracts each year valued at more than $92 billion, which is equal to 66 percent of the

  5. 基于协同平台的大型复杂工程项目合同界面管理研究%Contract Interface Management of Large and Complex Projects Based on Collaboration Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈燕清; 张原

    2011-01-01

    本文通过传统的合同界面管理方法间的比较,说明基于协同平台建立合同界面管理是行之有效的.并基于协同平台的资源和数据共享来建立合同界面管理模式,对合同界面进行有步骤管理;通过考核来激励和惩罚各参与方,使工程能顺利完成.%In this paper, through the comparison with the traditional contract management interface, the contract interface management based on collaborative platform is effective. It is based on the resource and data sharing of collaboration platform to create a contract management interface and manage the interface contract step by step, and punishes and motivates the parties involved by the examination, to make the project successful.

  6. 78 FR 11685 - Public Availability of FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory Analysis, FY 2012 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    ... information is organized by function to show how contracted resources are distributed throughout the agency... of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP). OFPP's guidance is...

  7. An Analysis of the United States Air Force Energy Savings Performance Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-01

    13 a. Contract Provision 1— ESCO Profit Limits...........................13 b. Contract Provision 2—Terms and...7 ESCO - Energy Service Company ESPC - Energy Savings Performance Contract FEMP - Federal Energy Management Program of DoE FAR - Federal...CONTRACTS Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPC) are performance-based service contracts with Energy Service Companies ( ESCO ) for energy

  8. Determinants of Service Contract Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-30

    Management, Industrial Marketing Management, Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, the Journal of Marketing Channels, Air Force Journal of...limited to applications of service quality in business-to-consumer (B2C) contexts. The five dimensions of service quality do not always fit B2B ...Buyers of customer-defined B2B services often state service expectations in requirement documents that are incorporated into contracts. Within public

  9. Application on Contract Management Information System in Nanjing Metro%南京地铁合同管理信息系统应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王星

    2014-01-01

    探讨如何采用计算机信息化技术手段改进并优化南京地铁运营公司合同管理的作业模式。详细分析了原有手工作业模式带来的一系列弊端,提出采用信息化软件系统的运作流程,提供了相应的技术解决策略。最后总结了该系统上线使用的成功经验,为其他类似信息化系统的开展实施提供参考和借鉴。%The paper makes a detailed analysis on a series of disadvantages of operating mode of original manual contract management, puts forward the use of information technology software systems in operational processes, provides appropriate technical solution strategy and sums up the successful experience of implementation results on the system, provides reference for carrying out the implementation of future similar information systems.

  10. CONTRACT FOLLOW UP TRAINING

    CERN Multimedia

    Technical Training; Tel. 74460

    2001-01-01

    SPL is organizing Training Sessions on the Contract Follow Up application. CFU is a Web based tool, developped and supported by the Administrative Information Services. It allows the creation of Divisional Requests and the follow up of their processing, from the Market Survey to the Invitation to Tender or Price Enquiry, approval by the Finance Committee, up to the actual signature of a Contract, acccording to the CERN Purchasing procedures. It includes a document management component. It also provides link with other AIS applications such as BHT and EDH. The course is primarily intended for DPOs, Contract Technical responsibles in the division and their assistants, but is beneficial to anybody involved in the follow up of such Purchasing Procedures. This course is free of charge, but application is necessary. The details of the course may be found at http://training.web.cern.ch/Training/ENSTEC/P2001/Bureautique/cfu4_f.htm General information of CFU may be found at http://ais.cern.ch/apps/cfu/ The dates of t...

  11. 7 CFR 250.50 - Contract requirements and procurement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION DONATION OF FOODS FOR USE IN THE... Contracts With Food Service Management Companies § 250.50 Contract requirements and procurement. (a) Contract requirements. Prior to donated foods being made available to a food service management...

  12. 78 FR 14141 - Public Availability of the Securities and Exchange Commission's FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-04

    ... contracts. The inventory organizes the information by function to show how SEC distributes contracted... the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP). OFPP's guidance...

  13. 77 FR 50542 - Public Availability of the Securities and Exchange Commission's FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-21

    ... contracts. The inventory organizes the information by function to show how SEC distributes contracted... the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP). OFPP's guidance...

  14. Performance contracting in central government in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansen, Mads Bøge

    2015-01-01

    in organisational structure, tasks, culture and time with performance contracts is expected to affect the contract content, hypotheses on variation across agencies are deduced. The empirical basis of the paper is a study of all performance contracts between parent ministries and subordinate agencies in Danish......This paper looks into performance contracting in Danish central government. Management by Objectives and Results (MBOR) was adopted in central government in Denmark during the 1980s and early 1990s. In 1991, performance contracts between parent ministries and their agencies were introduced...... in Danish central government. Since their introduction, performance contracts have become central elements in the steering and management of agencies in central government in Denmark, and today they are nearly universally adopted in central government. In Denmark, the Ministry of Finance is responsible...

  15. Land Contract Management Right of Famers' Family and Policy Definition%农民家庭土地承包经营权及其政策界定*

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李伟伟; 张云华

    2012-01-01

    Rural famers' land contract management right has been continually perfect on the basis of stability in China. More rights have been given to famers. Although the rights of possession, utilization and earnings of land contract management have been given famers, the three rights should be strengthened; the right object of disposal right should be clarified as land contract management right, and property transfer and credit transfer should be distinguished; rights of claim should be put great attention including returning of contracted land, preventing and excluding impairment of contracted land, compensation of important impairment and compensation expropriating.%我国农民家庭土地承包经营权权能在稳定的基础上不断完善,更多权利已经并应进一步赋予农民。土地承包经营权的占有权、使用权、收益权已经赋予农民,但这三项权利需要强化;处分权应明确其权利客体为土地承包经营权,区分物权性流转和债权性流转;请求权(承包地返还、承包地妨害排除与妨害防止、足额承包地重大妨害补偿与征收补偿)应引起足够重视。

  16. Contracting and Performance in Agencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørnholt, Bente; Houlberg Salomonsen, Heidi; Rennison, Betina Wolfgang

    As part of New Public Management (NPM), contracting represents a supplement to the traditional hierarchical and rule-based managing of relations between actors in order to improve performance (Fortin and van Hassel 2000; Greve and Ejersbo 2002; Drewry et al. 2005; Verhoest 2005). To various degrees...... to lower degrees of trust between contracting agencies and their parent ministry (2011: 795). Hence, there is no simple relationship between trust, dialogue, autonomy, control and performance in agencification in general or in the contractual relationships between departments and agencies in particular....... The ambition of this paper is to investigate the causal mechanism behind these complex relationships by investigating why and how the balancing of control, dialogue and autonomy in internal contracting in agencies leads to better performance? The research design in primarily explorative in the sense...

  17. Premature Ventricular Contractions (PVCs)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diseases and Conditions Premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) By Mayo Clinic Staff Premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) are extra, abnormal heartbeats that begin in one of your heart's two ...

  18. 48 CFR 970.35 - Research and development contracting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Research and development... SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS Major System Acquisition 970.35 Research and development contracting. ...

  19. 工业建设项目工程总承包施工管理探讨%Investigation on construction management of general contracting in industrial construction projects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董达; 金锋

    2013-01-01

    随着EPC工程总承包模式在工程建设领域的应用,工程总承包逐渐成为工程建设企业的一项主营业务.而施工管理作为EPC总承包中重要一环,也越来越多地引起关注和重视.本文从工程总承包商的角度,探讨了工业建设项目工程总承包的施工管理工作;从质量、进度、职业健康安全/环境和费用四个方面对总承包商施工管理的主要问题进行了归纳分析;并对工程总承包商的施工管理给出整合、规划、监控、质量/职业健康安全/环境和组织过程资产五个方面的改进建议,为工程总承包的有效管理提供参考.%General Contracting has gradually become a main business of construction enterprises with the application of the general contracting mode in the field of engineering construction.Construction management,which is an important part of general contracting,has attracted more and more attention.The construction management of industrial construction project general contracting is discussed from the perspective of general contractors.Main problems of construction management are analyzed in the four aspects of quality,schedule,HSE and cost.The five proposals for improvements in construction management,which are given to general contractors,are integration,planning,monitoring,QHSE,and organizational process asset.

  20. Making contracting work better and cost less: Report of the Contract Reform Team

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-02-01

    In June 1993, Secretary of Energy Hazel O`Leary formed a Contract Reform Team, chaired by Deputy Secretary Bill White, to evaluate the contracting practices of the Department of Energy and to formulate specific proposals for improving those practices. This report summarizes the results of the work of the Contract Reform Team. It recommends actions for implementation that will significantly improve the Department`s contracting practices and will enable the Department to help create a government that -- in the words of Vice President Gore -- {open_quotes}works better and costs less.{close_quotes} These actions and the deadlines for their implementation are listed. Among other things, they recommend replacing the Department`s standard Management and Operating Contract with a new Performance-Based Management Contract and strengthening the Department`s systems for selecting and managing contractors.

  1. Firm Reorganization : Social Control or Social Contract?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aalbers, Hendrik Leendert; Dolfsma, Wilfred; Blinde-Leerentveld, Rowan

    2014-01-01

    Firm reorganizations deeply affect employees. Management can reorganize in different ways, focusing on costs or acknowledging the involvement of employees. The latter implies following a social contract that complements incomplete (formal) labor contracts. Little is known about how the way in which

  2. Firm Reorganization: Social Control or Social Contract

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aalbers, H.L.; Dolfsma, W.A.; Blinde-Leerentveld, R.

    2014-01-01

    Firm reorganizations deeply affect employees. Management can reorganize in different ways, focusing on costs or acknowledging the involvement of employees. The latter implies following a social contract that complements incomplete (formal) labor contracts. Little is known about how the way in which

  3. 7 CFR 634.25 - Contracting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... provide the contract to the administering agency for certification of fund availability and for execution. (f) Participants shall install best management practices according to the specifications that are... date when RCWP funds are first made available to begin the project. (m) Contracts may be terminated due...

  4. 48 CFR 2124.104 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... FREEDOM OF INFORMATION Protection of Individual Privacy 2124.104 Contract clauses. ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contract clauses. 2124.104 Section 2124.104 Federal Acquisition Regulations System OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT, FEDERAL EMPLOYEES...

  5. Impact of the pay-for-performance contract and the management of hypertension in Scottish primary care: a 6-year population-based repeated cross-sectional study.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Simpson, Colin R

    2011-07-01

    The 2004 introduction of the pay-for-performance contract has increased the proportion of income that GPs are able to earn by targeting quality care to patients with chronic diseases such as hypertension.

  6. Faculty Growth Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seldin, Peter

    Growth contracts, described as faculty plans for personal and professional growth proposed by each member of the faculty, are examined. The rationale for growth contracts is explained and a list of some institutions using growth contracts or variations of the concept is provided. Growth contract advantages, the role of the evaluation committee or…

  7. 总风险约束的委托组合投资管理激励契约%Incentive contract in delegated portfolio management under total risk constraint

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛积良; 马永开

    2012-01-01

    假设管理者投资组合受总风险约束,通过委托代理模型和数值分析研究委托组合投资管理中基于业绩的线性契约激励效应.研究结论表明:在总风险约束下,基于业绩的线性契约能激励管理者努力搜集私人信息;风险厌恶的管理者的期望效用和最优努力水平是其收益分享比例的增函数;总风险约束下的管理者的努力水平低于不存在风险约束时的努力水平,风险约束导致管理者信息价值的损失.研究结论从一个侧面解释了委托组合投资管理实务中线性契约被广泛采用的原因,并为私募基金风险管理和契约设计提供参考.%This paper studies the incentive of linear performance-adjusted contract in the delegated portfolio management under total risk constraints by a principal-agent model and numerical methods. Results show that linear performance-adjusted contract provides incentives to portfolio manager to work at acquiring private information under total risk constraints. The expected utility and optimal effort are increase function of the sharing ratio of the return of the portfolio to a risk-averse manager. Total risk constraint makes portfolio manager to reduce effort in gathering private information. The effort of portfolio manager under total risk constraints is less than that without total risk constraints. This result means that the total risk constraint makes information value of the manager to lose. Our conclusions explain the reason why the linear contract is popular in the delegated portfolio management, and provide references for the risk management and the contract design of the private fund.

  8. Contracts in distributed systems

    CERN Document Server

    Bartoletti, Massimo; Zunino, Roberto; 10.4204/EPTCS.59.11

    2011-01-01

    We present a parametric calculus for contract-based computing in distributed systems. By abstracting from the actual contract language, our calculus generalises both the contracts-as-processes and contracts-as-formulae paradigms. The calculus features primitives for advertising contracts, for reaching agreements, and for querying the fulfilment of contracts. Coordination among principals happens via multi-party sessions, which are created once agreements are reached. We present two instances of our calculus, by modelling contracts as (i) processes in a variant of CCS, and (ii) as formulae in a logic. With the help of a few examples, we discuss the primitives of our calculus, as well as some possible variants.

  9. China’s Rural Land Contract and Management Rights of Succession%我国农村土地承包经营权继承问题探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余红; 刘玉秀

    2016-01-01

    由于我国现行法律规范对农村土地承包经营权继承规定的模糊与回避,致使学界一直争议不断,存在不同的声音,近年来司法实务也遭遇不同程度的裁判困境,农村土地承包经营权继承问题在理论和实践方面都亟待解决。通过对现行法规及理论观点的梳理,认为农村土地承包经营权是用益物权、财产权,符合继承法遗产的特征,可以继承,并从古今中外立法例、农村土地改革、农村社会保障现状及农民意愿角度分析了农村土地承包经营权继承具有现实必要性与可行性,对农村土地承包经营权的具体继承进行了合理构想。%Fuzzy and avoidance of existing legal norms due to inherit rural land contract and management rights provisions, resulting in academia has been controversial,there are different voices in recent years,judicial practice also suffered varying degrees of j udgment plight of rural land contract and management rights issue of succession in theory and practice are to be solved.Based on the existing law and theoretical perspectives in order,that the rural land contract and management rights are usufructuary rights,property rights,in line with the law of succession heritage features can be inherited,and from ancient and modern legislation of rural land reform,rural social security status quo and analyzes the wishes of farmers and rural land contract and management rights to inherit practical necessity and feasibility of specific inherited rural land contract and management rights of a reasonable idea.

  10. Study on Engineering General Contract Management Mode for Superhigh-rise Steel Structure%超高层钢结构工程总承包项目管理模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马昕; 卜楠楠; 田伟强

    2011-01-01

    By contrasting and analyzing of theory and engineering practice, the key controlling factors of engineering general contract management for super-high-rise steel structure are analyzed for the aspect of summarizing construction enterprise' s experience, such as setting out of organization structure, analysis of key construction technologies, engineering period, quality and safety.The engineering general contract management mode for super-high-rise steel structure adapting to China is discussed.For the super-highrise steel structure of Tianjin Jin Tower project and International Business Phase Ⅲ contracted by China Construction First Division Group Construction & Development Co., Ltd.as example, the authors introduce in detail the characteristics, integrate organization flew and key controlling factors of EPC general contract management.%通过理论与实际对比与分析,从总结施工企业实践的角度剖析超高层钢结构工程总承包管理的关键控制要素,如超高层钢结构管理组织机构设置、关键施工技术分析、工期、质量、安全等关键控制要素,探讨适合中国国情的超高层钢结构工程总承包管理模式.以中建一局集团建设发展有限公司承包的国贸三期和天津津塔超高层钢结构总承包为例,详细介绍了EPC总承包管理模式的特点、整体组织流程以及关键要素.

  11. Utility Energy Services Contracts Lessons Learned

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2001-08-01

    This document describes best practices in the use of Utility Energy Services Contracts. The recommendations were generated by a group of innovative energy managers in many successful projects. The topics include project financing, competition between utility franchises, and water conservation.

  12. 48 CFR 46.203 - Criteria for use of contract quality requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... contract quality requirements. 46.203 Section 46.203 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Quality Requirements 46.203 Criteria for use of contract quality requirements. The extent of contract quality requirements, including...

  13. Knowledge, Experience, and Training in Incentive Contracting for the Department of Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-30

    contract curriculum. A retired USN Captain with 30 years of service, Dr. Carman holds a BA, University of Massachusetts, in Mathematics ; an MBA...years of experience in contract compliance and pricing issues. A contract specialist on Surface Ship Weapons Directorate at NAVSEA and cost and...and Experience gaps exist among Contracting Officers, Contract Specialists , Acquisition Professionals, Program Managers, and Deputy Program

  14. Discussion on general contracting enterprise in architectural engineering to subcontractors management%谈总承包企业在建筑工程中对分包单位的管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李俊伟

    2015-01-01

    From the safety,quality,progress three aspects,this paper researched the management measures of general contracting enterprise in architectural engineering to subcontractors,elaborated in detail the matters needing attention in subcontractors management,in order to strengthen the management to subcontractors in project management,so as to realize the economic efficiency of enterprises.%从安全、质量、进度三方面着手,研究了总承包企业在建筑工程中对分包单位的管理措施,对各分项管理工作中的注意事项进行了详细阐述,以期在项目管理中加强对分包单位的管理,从而实现企业的经济效益。

  15. 基于不完全契约理论视角的外包服务商的管理%Based on Incomplete Contract Theory Perspective of Business Management Outsourcing Services

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨维芝

    2011-01-01

    Corporate and outseureing service providers in outsourcing contracts signed after completion, this would require the effective management of outseurcing relationships, appropriate supervision and incentives to guard against opportunistic behavior of service providers an effective way. Through the use of incomplete contract theory of incomplete contractual outsonreing analysis, revealed that incomplete contract of service outseureing to the impact of that business and outseureing service providers to establish a formal outsourcing contract basis , the contract for the complementary relationship between the incentives and the use of sound risk prevention mechanism for service providers to monitor service providers.%企业在与外包服务商签订完外包合同之后,需要对这种外包关系进行有效的管理,恰当的监督与激励是防范服务商机会主义行为的有效途径。通过运用不完全契约理论对服务外包不完全契约性的分析,揭示了这种不完全契约性给服务外包带来的影响,认为企业与外包服务商要建立起一种以正式的外包合同为基础,关系合同为补充的激励机制,并运用完善的服务商风险防范机制对服务商进行监督。

  16. A management-control system to assist with the development, contracting, and monitoring of new services for older people: you can always get what you want (with apologies to the Rolling Stones).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, Stephen

    2007-10-01

    Implementing community services can be a very complex process where people end up "not seeing the wood for the trees" and then accepting a compromise nobody wants. Neither agency theory nor stewardship theory is particularly robust when explaining the reality that funders and managers of community health service for older people face in managing contracts. There are particular difficulties with goal divergence between policy directives and implementation practices, which result from goals not being well understood and performance requirements being ambiguously defined and infrequently monitored. This leads to accountability issues for public managers, and raises efficiency and effectiveness issues. This paper provides an interim report on a project developing a management-control system to provide a process for health planners and funders to use when developing and contracting services. A major focus is inviting stakeholders into a process of communication that ensures that they have shared understandings of where they want to get to, and what has to be done to get there.

  17. ADMINISTRATIVE CONTRACTS. DELIMITATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liana Teodora PASCARIU

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Article examines whether all contracts of public persons are administrative contracts; in other words, if the administration may conclude contracts that, according to their legal nature, are not administrative. If we start from the definition of administrative contracts as it appears in Law no. 554/2004, these include contracts by public authorities which concern the enhancement of public property execution of works of public interest, public services, public procurement and other administrative contracts provided by special laws and subject to the jurisdiction of the administrative courts.

  18. Contractibility of financial statement information prepared under IFRS: Evidence from debt contracts around IFRS adoption

    OpenAIRE

    Shivakumar, L; Ball, R.; Li, X

    2015-01-01

    We outline several properties of IFRS that potentially affect the contractibility or the transparency of financial statement information, and hence the use of that information in debt contracts. Those properties include the increased choice among accounting rules IFRS gives to managers, enhanced rule-making uncertainty, and increased emphasis on fair value accounting. Consistent with reduced contractibility of IFRS financial statement information, we find a significant reduction in accounting...

  19. 基于合同管理的银行资产信息管理平台的研究%Research on Bank Assets Information Management Platform Based on Contract Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张凯; 周琪云; 张光河

    2012-01-01

    With the development of computer and communication technology, more and more hardware devices and equipments of computer and communication as well as related applications softwares are widely used in bank, the processing speed and efficiency of the bank have been greatly improved and the great conveniences are acquired to both of bank and customer. However, one of the most important problems is how to effectively manage these hardware and software products (I. E. Assets). This paper proposes a solution to build the bank asset information management platform based on Client/Server ( C/S) model and contract management, the platform collects the raw data at first, and then classifies and analyzes them. The solution has been utilized to implement the platform for Jiangxi Province Rural Credit Cooperatives for managing assets.%随着计算机及通信技术的发展,越来越多的计算机、通信硬件设备及相关的应用软件在银行里被广泛使用,这些设施不但提高了银行处理业务的速度和效率,也给银行和客户带来了极大的便利.然而,如何有效地管理这些软硬件资产(本文中将这些软硬件统称为资产)成为一个十分重要的问题.本文基于客户机/服务器模式来构造以合同管理为基础的应用管理平台来管理银行资产.该资产信息管理平台首先采集原始资产数据,然后对这些数据进行分类和分析,并进行统计和汇总,最终实现银行资产的有效管理.这一平台的设计思想已经被用于江西省农信社(以下简称“省农信社”)资产信息管理系统的实现之中.

  20. 合同管理是项目管理的核心——小浪底水利枢纽国际合同管理的经验与体会%Contract management is the key of item management——the experience of international contract management of Xiaolangdi Water Complex

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张基尧

    2011-01-01

    小浪底水利枢纽是治理黄河的重要控制性工程,它以地质复杂、布置困难、技术要求高、管理难度大而得到我国水利水电行业的普遍关注,尤其是由于其全方位实施国际招标,成为我国水利工程第一个全面与国际接轨的项目.小浪底水利枢纽至今已建成并成功运行10年,发挥了巨大的社会、经济和生态效益.小浪底工程建设中三大国际承包联营体隶属的40多个国家和地区的承包商、分包商,与项目业主之间围绕合同管理,呈现出多方利益主体之间的博弈.小浪底建管局依靠各方支持,在团结全体建设者优质高效地建成小浪底工程的同时,妥善处理纷繁复杂的各种合同纠纷,积累可贵的国际工程合同管理经验.我国正实施"走出去"战略,文章回顾总结小浪底国际合同管理的做法和体会,目的是对国际项目的投资者或承建者提供一些借鉴.%Xiaolangdi Water Complex is the important control project to treat Yellow River, which got great attention of the water project field with the complex geology, difficult design, high demand for technology and difficult management. Especially because of tendering in every aspect internationally, it became the first international item of our country. Until now, Xiaolangdi Water Complex has operated for 10 years, which brought large social,economic and ecological benefits. However, the contractors from 40 countries and districts had conflicts with the project owner according to the contract management for their own benefits. The project owner——the Construction and Management Bureau of Xiaolangdi Project, supported by many aspects, constructed the project with high quality, and properly treated each complex dissension, accumulated important international contract management experience. Now China is carrying "Walking out" strategy, so the paper aimes to give reference for the constructer and investor of international project.

  1. Short Term Hedging Using Futures Contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioana – Diana PAUN

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the effectiveness of risk management portfolio using futures contracts to achieve hedging. The risk can be minimized once measured, and the traditional tool of market risk management is hedging. The objective is to identify the optimum position to minimize the variation in a contract concluded now. Clearly hedging portfolio will reduce not only risk but also profitability. In conclusion hedging aims risk management, no additional gain. Portfolio manager will have the opportunity to carefully consider the relationship between risk and return in order to act according to his profile and targeted results.

  2. 48 CFR 970.2201-1-3 - Contract clause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., the contracting officer shall insert the clause at 970.5222-1, Collective Bargaining Agreements... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause. 970.2201... SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS Application of Labor Policies 970.2201-1-3...

  3. Contract Driven Creation and Operation of Virtual Enterprises

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoffner, Yigal; Field, Simon; Grefen, Paul; Ludwig, Heiko

    2001-01-01

    This paper examines the support needed for dynamically creating and managing contract-driven virtual enterprises. Our approach to virtual enterprises views contracts as the central theme that runs throughout the enterprises' life cycle and touches upon all major aspects thereof. A Contract Framework

  4. Demographics of the Contracting Workforce within the Army Contracting Command

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-25

    Empresas in Madrid. Dr. Reed retired from Active Military Service in 2008 after 21 years in the Air Force. Dr. Reed held various assignments in...and Local Government, business, and marketing applications, it focuses on human resource planning and the difficulties of expanding and contracting...requirements management, market research, negotiation and performance-based acquisition (FAI, 2009, p. 80). Table 30 displays the “business

  5. Contractibility of curves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janusz Charatonik

    1991-11-01

    Full Text Available Results concerning contractibility of curves (equivalently: of dendroids are collected and discussed in the paper. Interrelations tetween various conditions which are either sufficient or necessary for a curve to be contractible are studied.

  6. Fault in Contract Law

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Eric A. Posner

    2009-01-01

    A promisor is strictly liable for breaching a contract, according to the standard account However, a negligence-based system of contract law can be given an economic interpretation, and this Article...

  7. Democratic contract law

    OpenAIRE

    Hesselink, M.W.

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the normative relationship between contract law and democracy. In particular, it argues that in order to be legitimate contract law needs to have a democratic basis. Private law is not different in this respect from public law. Thus, the first claim made in this article will be that also for contract law a democratic basis is a necessary condition for legitimacy. A fully democratic basis may also be a sufficient condition for a legitimate and just contract law. However,...

  8. An Analysis of Army Contract Administration With Regard to Contracting Officers Representatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-01

    and in writing; solving problems through reasoning; teamwork; self-management initiative; business ethics ; and effective COR and contract performance...leaders, and commanders of CORs, we found gaps and challenges that affect the completion of COR duties relating to Army service contracts. We identified...Landale, Lead Advisor Matthew Kremer, Support Advisor Brad Naegle Academic Associate Graduate School of Business and Public

  9. Teaching about Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Froman, Michael; Kosnoff, Kathy

    1978-01-01

    Presents teaching strategies for introducing high school students to contract law. Offers as a case study a contract agreement between pro football players and team owners. Stresses basic elements of contracts (offer, acceptance, consideration, and understanding the bargaining process). Journal available from the American Bar Association, 1155…

  10. Contract law as fairness

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Klijnsma

    2015-01-01

    This article examines the implications for contract law of Rawls' theory of justice as fairness. It argues that contract law as an institution is part of the basic structure of society and as such subject to the principles of justice. Discussing the basic structure in relation to contract law is par

  11. Contract modularity in design by contract languages

    OpenAIRE

    Rebêlo, Henrique Emanuel Mostaert

    2014-01-01

    Design by Contract (DbC) is a popular technique for developing programs using behavioral specifications. In this context, researchers have found that the realization of DbC is crosscutting and fares better when modularized by Aspect-Oriented Programming. However, previous efforts aimed at supporting crosscutting contracts modularly actually compromised the main DbC principles. For example, in AspectJ-style, reasoning about the correctness of a method call may require a whole-pr...

  12. Contracts in distributed systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Bartoletti

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available We present a parametric calculus for contract-based computing in distributed systems. By abstracting from the actual contract language, our calculus generalises both the contracts-as-processes and contracts-as-formulae paradigms. The calculus features primitives for advertising contracts, for reaching agreements, and for querying the fulfilment of contracts. Coordination among principals happens via multi-party sessions, which are created once agreements are reached. We present two instances of our calculus, by modelling contracts as (i processes in a variant of CCS, and (ii as formulae in a logic. With the help of a few examples, we discuss the primitives of our calculus, as well as some possible variants.

  13. Teaching Team Administration of TV Open Education of Combined Institutes under“Contract System” Management%“合同制”视角下合并院校开放教育教师队伍管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙国明

    2013-01-01

    The open university is being built in our province. Most radio & TV universities have been combined with some local institutes. It is the key attaining to make teaching team management realize the open education purpose. Our university uses“contract system”management pattern in the building of teaching team, achieves good results. In this management pattern, the province university works out regulations and examines. The leaders of combined institutes should pay more attention, which is the premise and guarantee to improve the quality of the teaching team management in combined institutes. Tightening up the teaching team management and carrying out the administration“contract" carefully are the hand grip of improving the teaching team quality.%我省开放大学正在创建中,而我省大部分地市电大都已合并到当地高等院校中,搞好合并院校电大教师队伍管理是实现开放大学教育目标的关键。漯河广播电视大学在教师队伍管理中采用“合同制”管理模式,成效显著。在这个管理模式中,省级电大出规则并检查落实、合并院校电大领导重视是提高合并院校教师队伍管理质量的前提和保障。加强教师队伍管理,认真执行管理“合同”是提高教师队伍质量的抓手。

  14. Energy Savings Performance Contract Case Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lefevre, Jessica S.

    Building owners and managers can use performance-contracting Energy Service Companies (ESCOs) to partially or fully fund building renovations that include energy efficiency upgrades. This report provides building owners and managers with an introduction to the energy efficiency and building upgrade services provided by ESCOs. It uses 20 case…

  15. Performance-based contracts for road projects comparative analysis of different types

    CERN Document Server

    Gajurel, Ashish

    2014-01-01

    This book focuses on the aspects of contracting contracts, basically related to road construction and management contracts. The book presents an analytical study of Performance-Based Road Management and Maintenance (PMMR), Funktionsbauvertrag (FBV) (Function-Based Construction Contract) and Public Private Partnerships (PPP). A separate chapter is also included about the comparative study of these contract types. The book provides useful material for university libraries, construction companies and government departments of construction.

  16. The Research on risk Management of the Design-Build General Contracting Construction Projects%在设计-施工总承包建设项目中风险管理的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董章增

    2009-01-01

    Design-Build general contracting construction project risk management is an international construction project organization and implementation method.Only by understanding the risk can we better manage risk, through risk identification, assessment, prevention and control, we can maximize the capital-output.%设计-施工总承包建设项目风险管理是国际通行的工程建设项目组织实施方式.只有了解风险才能更好的管理风险,通过风险识别、评估、防范扣控制,达到资本产出最大化.

  17. 从心理契约三维度探寻高校人力资源管理的耦合机制%The Coupling Mechanism of Psychological Contract Dimension for Human Resource Management in Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑传春

    2014-01-01

    The psychological contract,employees and organiz ation on the responsibilities of the parties on the attitude and subjective mental agreement,is a strong determinant of organizational behav ior. Have three dimensions of responsibility,normative interpersonal psychological contract responsibility and development oriented responsibility,to explore the compensation management,labor relations, occupation career planning,training and performance improvement,in order to establish the mechanism of human resources management active.%心理契约是员工与组织间关于双方责任的各种内在信念和主观心理约定,是组织行为强有力的决定因素。就心理契约的规范型责任、人际型责任和发展型责任三个维度,从薪酬管理、劳动关系、职业生涯规划、培训活动和绩效提升方面进行探寻,以期建立积极有效的高校人力资源管理机制。

  18. Research of Project Cost Management System Based on the Target Cost Contract%基于目标成本合同的工程项目成本管理体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈继光

    2016-01-01

    With the constant construction of social engineering, the theory and method of project management also have the rapid development in the process. And the mode of partners' relationships is more advocated. Among them, the target cost contract is a kind of relatively common partnership mode, it can help project contractor and owner to gain better economic benefits. This paper studies the engineering project cost management system of the target cost contract.%随着社会工程的不断建设,工程项目管理的理论以及方法也在此过程中得到了较为快速的发展,且更加倡导合作伙伴的关系模式.其中,目标成本合同则是一种较为常用的伙伴关系模式,能够帮助项目承包商以及业主更好的从中获得经济收益.在本文中,将就基于目标成本合同的工程项目成本管理体系进行一定的研究.

  19. 围绕客户个性化需求提升总承包管理水平%On promotion of general contract management around individualized demands of users

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马生旺

    2012-01-01

    深入研究了围绕客户个性化需求,提升总承包管理水平的方法,通过论述建立以客户为中心的管理理念,积极主动参与和引导项目前期策划,确保客户工期控制需求,满足客户质量控制需求,实现客户投资控制需求等方面内容,将更好地提升国有大型建筑企业总承包、总集成能力,保持可持续和稳定的发展。%The paper studies the individualized demands of users and the methods for promoting the general contract management, and further promotes the general contract and total integration capacity of state-owned large-scale architectural enterprises and maintains the sustainable and stable development by indicating the establishment of the user-centered management idea, taking part in and leading the program planning at the earlier stage actively, guaranteeing the users' demand for the construction period control, meeting the users' demands for the quality control, and realizing users' demands for the investment control.

  20. 48 CFR 833.212 - Contracting officer's duties upon appeal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... AFFAIRS GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS PROTESTS, DISPUTES, AND APPEALS Disputes and Appeals 833.212... construction contracts administered by the Office of Construction and Facilities Management, copies of the... sent to the Director, Office of Construction and Facilities Management.) (b) Within 20 days of receipt...

  1. 76 FR 31998 - Posting of Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-02

    ... MANAGEMENT Posting of Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Office of Personnel Management. ACTION: Notice of... services contracts exceeding $25,000 that were awarded by the agency in Fiscal Year (FY) 2010. The... Appropriations Act, Public Law 111-117, and with a Memorandum from the Office of Federal Procurement Policy...

  2. 大型建设企业多项目管理成熟度影响因素分析%Study on the Influent Factors of Multi-Project Management Maturity for Mega Contracting Construction Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁神军; 张云波; 吴晶晶; 陈伟; 王玉芳

    2015-01-01

    Based on the project management office (PMO),organizational project management maturity model (OPM3), combining with organization structure framework and objective requirement of multi-project management in the mega con-tracting construction enterprise,36 influent factors were firstly identified.Through principal component analysis,the e-valuation index of maturity for multiple project management were built.The influence degree of all variables to the multi-project management maturity was finally analyzed from the perspective of influencing factors and their total influencing coefficient with structure equation model (SEM).The results show that contract management and coordination of strategy level,risk management and financial viability of project portfolio and program,single project management are the key fac-tors,but the enterprise culture and integration ability of multiple projects are not highlighted,market ability is even ig-nored.%基于项目办公室理论、组织及项目管理成熟度模型,根据大型建设企业多项目组织结构框架、多项目管理的战略目标,从组织支持、信息化建设、项目管理3个维度梳理出36个多项目管理成熟度的影响因素。采用主成分分析法,构建大型建设企业多项目管理成熟度评价指标体系。应用结构方程模型,从影响因素及其总效应视角分析各因素的影响程度,并针对性地提出成熟度提升的策略。研究结果表明:大型建设企业多项目管理成熟度的关键在于企业战略层面的多项目组合决策、合同管理及协调能力、财务生存能力和项目层面的控制能力,而项目集成能力及文化建设没有引起高度重视,甚至市场营销能力被忽略。

  3. "Team-Contract-Cooperation of Doctors and Patients" Model in Comprehensive Community Management of Diabetes Mellitus%"团队-契约-医患合作"的糖尿病社区综合管理模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴燕; 杨俊杰; 王菊兰

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the effectiveness and feasibility of "Team - Contract - Cooperation - Between - Doctors - and - Patients" model in comprehensive community management of diabetes mellitus, which is suitable for the condition of China. Methods Totally 400 diabetic patients from five communities in Huangpu District of Guangzhou City , who voluntarily accepted the standardized management, were randomly divided as control and intervention groups, with 200 in each. The patients in the control group underwent their original daily life, with no strengthened intervention management; while those in the intervention group were given strengthened intervention management on the hasis of a signed contract between the management team and the patients and their family member, including management of diet, medication, exercise, psychology, and combined therapy of Chinese medicine and western medicines. One year after the management, the changes of diabetic knowledge and community management scores, and blood glucose control of the two groups were compared. Results Compared with the control group, after the management, the quality of life, diabetic knowledge, scores of various items of community management increased significantly in the intervention group ( P < 0.05 ); and such metabolic indicators as blood sugar were improved significantly ( P<0.05 ) . Conclusion This comprehensive community management of diabetes mellitus. " Team - Contract - Cooper-ation - Between - Doctors - and - Patients" model, has a great effect in improving diabetes knowledge, increasing rate of blood sugar control, and improving quality of life. It is worth popularizing.%目的 探讨适合我国国情的"团队-契约-医患合作"的社区糖尿病综合管理模式的有效性、可行性.方法 将广州市黄埔区南岗街所辖五社区(南岗、荔联、厦园、穗东、沙步)的400例自愿接受规范化管理的糖尿病患者随机分为对照组200例、干预组200例.对照组按

  4. Contracting out local services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Ole Helby; Houlberg, Kurt; Ring Christensen, Lasse

    2015-01-01

    Governments face a fundamental choice between in-house production and contracting out for the delivery of services to citizens. This article examines the importance of ideology, fiscal pressure, and size for contracting out in technical and social services. The analysis builds on a panel data set...... covering municipal spending on services in all 98 Danish municipalities. The authors find that contracting out is shaped by ideology in social services but not in technical services, which indicates that social services are the contemporary ideological battlefield of privatization. The analysis further...... reveals that economically prosperous municipalities are more likely to contract out social services, whereas contracting out of technical services is not influenced by economic affluence. Finally, larger municipalities contract out more in technical services but less in social services, demonstrating...

  5. New staff contract policy

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2006-01-01

    Following discussion at TREF and on the recommendation of the Finance Committee, Council approved a new staff contract policy, which became effective on 1 January 2006. Its application is covered by a new Administrative Circular No. 2 (Rev. 3) 'Recruitment, appointment and possible developments regarding the contractual position of staff members'. The revised circular replaces the previous Circulars No. 9 (Rev. 3) 'Staff contracts' and No. 2 (Rev. 2) 'Guidelines and procedures concerning recruitment and probation period for staff members'. The main features of the new contract policy are as follows: The new policy provides chances for long-term employment for all staff recruits staying for four years without distinguishing between those assigned to long-term or short-term activities when joining CERN. In addition, it presents a number of simplifications for the award of ICs. There are henceforth only 2 types of contract: Limited Duration (LD) contracts for all recruitment and Indefinite Contracts (IC) for...

  6. BOT Outsourcing Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørberg Jensen, Peter D.; Petersen, Bent

    2012-01-01

    Build-operate-transfer (BOT) contracting has been widely usen in the engineering and construction industry, but has only recently been introduced in services industry domains. Notably, service provider firms from emerging markets have recently started offering BOT outsourcing contracts. In this p......Build-operate-transfer (BOT) contracting has been widely usen in the engineering and construction industry, but has only recently been introduced in services industry domains. Notably, service provider firms from emerging markets have recently started offering BOT outsourcing contracts....... In this paper we investigate under which circumstances a BOT outsourcing contract (i.e. a contract where the client firm exercises its call option) is beneficial, or the opposite, to the emerging market vendor firm. We draw on various theoretical literatures (transaction cost economics, real options, inter...

  7. Contracting with Private Rewards

    OpenAIRE

    Rene Kirkegaard

    2015-01-01

    I extend the canonical moral hazard model to allow the agent to face endogenous and non-contractible uncertainty. The agent works for the principal and simultaneously pursues private rewards. I establish conditions under which the first-order approach remains valid. The model adds to the literature on intrinsic versus extrinsic motivation. Specifically, to induce higher effort at work the contract may offer higher rewards but flatter incentives. The contract change makes the agent reevaluate ...

  8. 48 CFR 46.309 - Research and development contracts (short form).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Research and development... REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.309 Research and development contracts... Development (Short Form), in solicitations and contracts for research and development when the clause...

  9. 78 FR 20089 - Public Availability of FY 2012 Service Contract Inventories

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-03

    ... Office of Procurement and Property Management Public Availability of FY 2012 Service Contract Inventories.... ACTION: Notice of public availability of FY 2012 Service Contract inventories. SUMMARY: In accordance... Service Contract inventory. This inventory provides information on FY 2012 service contract actions...

  10. An Empirical Study of the Contracting Officer Representative’s Social Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    technical POCs for the task orders, contract administrator, contracting officer, Director of Business Operations, onsite Project Manager . 3. I don’t...contracting office personnel and Director of Business Operations. Primarily email and in person communication with project manager . Occasional, as needed...COR part of actually managing the contract and then there’s the paperwork that follows in there. And I have to give credit… VCE , I love it. I

  11. INFORMATION GATHERING, DELEGATED CONTRACTING AND CORPORATE HIERARCHIES

    OpenAIRE

    Chongwoo Choe; In-Uck Park

    2008-01-01

    In a typical corporate hierarchy, the manager is delegated the authority to make strategic decisions, and to contract with other employees. We study when such delegation can be optimal. In centralization, the owner retains the authority, which fails to motivate the manager to acquire valuable information, leading to suboptimal decisions and inefficient incentive provision to the worker. Beneficial delegation should necessarily motivate the manager to acquire information, which is possible onl...

  12. 48 CFR 970.3770 - Facilities management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Facilities management. 970... REGULATIONS DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS Facilities Management Contracting 970.3770 Facilities management....

  13. Democratic contract law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hesselink, M.W.

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the normative relationship between contract law and democracy. In particular, it argues that in order to be legitimate contract law needs to have a democratic basis. Private law is not different in this respect from public law. Thus, the first claim made in this article will

  14. Contracting for Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scholtes, Peter R.

    1975-01-01

    An organizational workshop for staff members focused on organizational change through identification of problems, one-to-one communication, and the writing of contracts for behavioral change. Contract forming assists members to agree on definition of problems, to involve and commit themselves, and to define processes for change. (EA)

  15. Whither Performance Contracting?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Norman S.

    This report describes briefly performance contracts; discusses their shortcomings, pitfalls, and advantages; and gives some insight into the future development of this new concept. Two shortcomings of performance contracting include (1) teaching to the test and (2) board abdication of its responsibility for making final decisions about educational…

  16. U.S. Army Contracting CommandRock Island Needs to Improve Contracting Officers Representative Training and Appointment for Contingency Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-07-10

    Contracting Command–Rock Island (ACC–RI) awarded a firm-fixed price, indefinite-delivery indefinite-quantity contract W52P1J-15-D-0001 to Crowley Logistics ...operations in Liberia and Senegal. The scope of PWS B included: o task order management; o inbound material control; o warehousing; o receiving...The Under Secretary of Defense, Acquisition, Technology and Logistics memorandum, “DoD Standard for Certification of Contracting Officer’s

  17. 基于心理契约的基金经理激励机制分类设计%Research on the Classification of Incentive Mechanism about Money Managers Based on Psychological Contract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王健; 庄新田

    2011-01-01

    已有的基金经理激励机制研究多假定激励对象的心理和需求是同质的,忽视了对基金经理异质性特征的分析.这与实际的经济活动并不相符合.本文通过建立数学模型,将心理契约理论引入基金经理激励问题研究.结果表明,在信息对称条件下,即基金经理的不同心理需求能够被辨别时,应依据其心理契约类型,分类设计激励机制;在信息非对称条件下,即基金经理的不同心理需求无法被辨别时,应依据基金经理特征,如风险厌恶程度、工作成本、投资能力,及其所管理基金的风险大小和外部市场环境的变化方向,分类设计激励机制.并且,在多代理人环境下,基金经理间的合作程度也将对激励机制设计产生影响.本研究不仅是对已有基金经理激励机制研究的拓展与完善,使之更接近现实,也从心理契约视角为解决基金经理激励问题提供了新思路.%This paper applies the psychological contract theory to resolve the money managers' incentives problem. By setting up the principle-agent model, firstly, the paper classifies the incentive mechanism about money managers according to the money managers' psychological contract under the symmetric information condition; Secondly, under the asymmetric information condition, the paper researches the classification of incentive mechanism about money managers according to their external feature, such as the risk preference, the cost of the job, the ability of investment and the risk of the fund, and the vary direction of the market environment; Finally, by extending to muti-agent, the paper reviews the impact of the cooperation of money managers on their incentive mechanisms. This research not only makes up the standard principle-agent theory, but also provides new ideas for motivation system design of money managers.

  18. Discussion on safety management of nuclear power engineering in general contracting mode%总承包模式下核电工程安全管理相关问题探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵显; 刘勃

    2014-01-01

    The characteristics of safety management on nuclear power engineering in general contracting mode, which were different from the common construction projects, were analyzed.Then the main problems in current safety management of nuclear power engineering construction were put forward, such as lagging of relevant laws and regulations, the contradiction between expansion of nuclear power construction project and lack of human resources, the labor subcontracting system and safety problems brought by its working personnel, and passive regulation of safety production costs etc.These problems would directly impact the existing work safety defense line, and bring unprecedented challenge to safety management work of general contractor.So the suggestions and countermeasures were put forward, including that the relevant government departments should publish the relevant laws and regula-tions about general contracting of project as soon as possible, the general contractor should fully integrate on-site safety management resources, strengthen the safety management on subcontractors, strengthen safety training of the labor service personnel, and explore the management mode of work safety costs.%首先分析了总承包模式下核电工程建设不同于一般建设工程安全管理的特点,提出目前工作中存在的主要问题,包括相关法律法规的滞后、核电建设工程扩张与人力资源不足之间的矛盾、劳务分包体制及其作业人员引起的相关问题以及安全生产费用监管被动等,这些都直接冲击现有的安全生产防线,并给总承包单位安全管理工作带来前所未有的挑战。为此,提出以下建议和对策措施:有关部门尽快出台总承包工程相关法律法规;总承包单位应充分整合现场安全管理资源,加大对分包单位安全管理力度,加强劳务作业人员安全培训,探索安全生产费用管理模式等。

  19. Signaling in muscle contraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuo, Ivana Y; Ehrlich, Barbara E

    2015-02-02

    Signaling pathways regulate contraction of striated (skeletal and cardiac) and smooth muscle. Although these are similar, there are striking differences in the pathways that can be attributed to the distinct functional roles of the different muscle types. Muscles contract in response to depolarization, activation of G-protein-coupled receptors and other stimuli. The actomyosin fibers responsible for contraction require an increase in the cytosolic levels of calcium, which signaling pathways induce by promoting influx from extracellular sources or release from intracellular stores. Rises in cytosolic calcium stimulate numerous downstream calcium-dependent signaling pathways, which can also regulate contraction. Alterations to the signaling pathways that initiate and sustain contraction and relaxation occur as a consequence of exercise and pathophysiological conditions.

  20. Contribution to contract theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pantelić Svetlana

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Oliver Hart and Bengt Holmstrom share the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences for 2016, awarded to them by Sveriges Riksbank. They have been rewarded for their work in enhancing the design of contracts, i.e. arrangements connecting employers with employees or companies with clients, in other words, for their contribution to contract theory in the 1970s and 1980s. Their analysis of optimal contractual arrangements lays an intellectual foundation for designing policies and institutions in many areas, from bankruptcy legislation to political constitutions. Hart is an expert in contract theory, theory of the firm, corporate finance, and law and economics. His contribution to contract theory is exquisite when it comes to designing contracts which cover eventualities that cannot be precisely specified in advance.

  1. Cost analysis helps evaluate contract profitability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sides, R W

    2000-02-01

    A cost-accounting analysis can help group practices assess their costs of doing business and determine the profitability of managed care contracts. Group practices also can use cost accounting to develop budgets and financial benchmarks. To begin a cost analysis, group practices need to determine their revenue and cost centers. Then they can allocate their costs to each center, using an appropriate allocation basis. The next step is to calculate costs per procedure. The results can be used to evaluate operational cost efficiency as well as help negotiate managed care contracts.

  2. Managerial challenges in public service contracting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholst, Andrej Christian; Bogetoft, Peter

    2011-01-01

    In this article, we address a series of interrelated issues in the managerial challenge of public service contracting. This is done by prompting ten issues within four objectives and highlighting their relevance and potential interrelatedness in effective contract management. In contrast to preva......In this article, we address a series of interrelated issues in the managerial challenge of public service contracting. This is done by prompting ten issues within four objectives and highlighting their relevance and potential interrelatedness in effective contract management. In contrast...... to prevalent piecemeal and theoretically one-dimensional approaches, the objectives and issues constitute a holistic framework that advances a comprehensive and pragmatic understanding of contracting processes. We hope that the framework merits further in-depth exploration that may generate new insights......, themes and questions for research in public service contracting. We identify and exemplify the framework by combining insights from different theoretical perspectives with empirical evidence through an iterative process. The evidence is educed as a set of observed and self-reported stories in a cross...

  3. Process Improvement for Interinstitutional Research Contracting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varner, Michael; Logan, Jennifer; Bjorklund, Todd; Whitfield, Jesse; Reed, Peggy; Lesher, Laurie; Sikalis, Amy; Brown, Brent; Drollinger, Sandy; Larrabee, Kristine; Thompson, Kristie; Clark, Erin; Workman, Michael; Boi, Luca

    2015-08-01

    Sponsored research increasingly requires multiinstitutional collaboration. However, research contracting procedures have become more complicated and time consuming. The perinatal research units of two colocated healthcare systems sought to improve their research contracting processes. The Lean Process, a management practice that iteratively involves team members in root cause analyses and process improvement, was applied to the research contracting process, initially using Process Mapping and then developing Problem Solving Reports. Root cause analyses revealed that the longest delays were the individual contract legal negotiations. In addition, the "business entity" was the research support personnel of both healthcare systems whose "customers" were investigators attempting to conduct interinstitutional research. Development of mutually acceptable research contract templates and language, chain of custody templates, and process development and refinement formats decreased the Notice of Grant Award to Purchase Order time from a mean of 103.5 days in the year prior to Lean Process implementation to 45.8 days in the year after implementation (p = 0.004). The Lean Process can be applied to interinstitutional research contracting with significant improvement in contract implementation. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  4. Incomplete Contract and Divisional Structures

    OpenAIRE

    Bao, T.; Wang, Y.

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we want to analyze the internal divisional structure within an organi- zation in the framework of incomplete contract theory. We use the framework of Aghion and Tirole (1997) and define the managerial control structure as \\sequence of search". A key feature of this paper which differentiate it from other works in the literature is that we add add an ex post bargaining phase in which the managers can agree on the project which maximize their joint private benefit. Our model shows...

  5. 后金融危机环境下国际工业性承包业务的风险管理研究%On Risk Management of International Industrial Contracting Business in Environment of Post-Financial Crisis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨芝

    2012-01-01

    The article describes the status of the international industrial contracting business and its unfavorable factors under the conditions of the influence of post-financial crisis on global economy. At last, the paper puts forward a series of response measures, such as strengthening the government supporting and financial risk management.%论文分析了在后金融危机影响全球经济的情况下,我国国际工业承包业务的现状及国际工业性承包业务的种种不利因素,最后提出了要加强政府加大扶持和财务风险管理等相应的解决措施.

  6. 适度监管条件下的租赁承包经营机制研究%Study on the Lease Contract Management Mechanism Under the Condition of Moderate Regulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹忠和

    2013-01-01

    To change after the reform of state-owned enterprises operating mode is introduced into the lease management contract mechanism under the condition of moderate supervision, establish a new creative staff, achieve shared interests, risk is negative, profit share, improve the profitability of the company.%  针对国有企业改制后的经营模式转变引入适度监管条件下的租赁经营承包机制,建立全新的具有创造力的员工队伍,实现利益共享、风险共负、盈亏同担,以全面提升公司盈利能力。

  7. 41 CFR 301-10.106 - When must I use a contract city-pair fare?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false When must I use a contract city-pair fare? 301-10.106 Section 301-10.106 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Travel Regulation System TEMPORARY DUTY (TDY) TRAVEL ALLOWANCES ALLOWABLE TRAVEL EXPENSES 10-TRANSPORTATION EXPENSES Common Carrier Transportation...

  8. Farmers Operational Behavior and Performance Analysis under the Household Contract Management System%家庭承包经营体制下农户经营行为及其绩效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李瑜

    2011-01-01

    Starting from farmers operational behavior analysis, from the age of transition and market economic structure, the farmers operational behavior and performance under the household contract management system were studied. The results showed that household contract management system establish the status of economic entities of the farmers, promote development of agriculture productivity and increase of farmers income level. With further development of market economic and marketization of elements configuration, farmers should re-select their operational behavior according to resource allocative efficiency principle. An efficiency organization was constructed from aspects of agriculture industry and farmers organization, so as to strengthen market overall competitive power and increase farmers income.%以农户经营行为分析为切入点,从转轨时期和市场经济体制时期两个阶段,详细分析了家庭承包经营体制下农户的经营行为及绩效.研究表明,家庭承包经营体制确立了农户的独立市场主体地位,对农业生产力的发展以及农民收入水平的提高起到了巨大的推动作用.但是,随着市场经济的进一步发展和要素配置的市场化,要求农户按照资源配置效率原则重新对其经营行为作出选择.从农业产业组织化和农户组织化两个方面来构建一种有效率的组织,推进农户经营的组织化发展,增强市场的整体竞争力,增加农民收入.

  9. On the international fund management engineering contracting projects%浅谈国际工程承包项目资金管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄明星

    2015-01-01

    文章以某集团公司在埃塞俄比亚承建的项目为例,探讨国际工程项目的资金管理。从国际工程项目资金管理的特性出发,具体分析项目的资金计划、资金回笼、汇率风险、税务风险防范等方面来阐述国际工程项目的资金管理模式,从而保证企业的管理应以资金为纽带,协调统筹其他企业管理活动。%In this paper, a group of companies in Ethiopia to explore the construction of the project as an example of international project funds management, starting from the characteristics of the international project fund management, capital projects planned specific analysis, capital return, exchange rate risk, tax risk prevention to explain financial management of international projects, thus ensuring the company's management should be based on the funds as a link, co-ordination of other business management activities.

  10. Amending Contracts for Choreographies

    CERN Document Server

    Bocchi, Laura; Tuosto, Emilio; 10.4204/EPTCS.59.10

    2011-01-01

    Distributed interactions can be suitably designed in terms of choreographies. Such abstractions can be thought of as global descriptions of the coordination of several distributed parties. Global assertions define contracts for choreographies by annotating multiparty session types with logical formulae to validate the content of the exchanged messages. The introduction of such constraints is a critical design issue as it may be hard to specify contracts that allow each party to be able to progress without violating the contract. In this paper, we propose three methods that automatically correct inconsistent global assertions. The methods are compared by discussing their applicability and the relationships between the amended global assertions and the original (inconsistent) ones.

  11. Contracting out of clinical services in Zimbabwe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McPake, B; Hongoro, C

    1995-07-01

    Contracting is increasingly recommended to developing countries as a way of improving the efficiency of the health sector. However, empirical evidence regarding its effectiveness in this respect is almost completely absent. In Zimbabwe, a long standing contract exists between the Ministry of Health and Wankie Colliery to provide clinical services in the Colliery's 400 bed hospital. This paper details a study of the Zimbabweans' experience with the contract. Its success is assessed using comparisons with a neighbouring government hospital of the price of services (vs the cost in the government hospital); the situation of hospital workers; and the quality of services delivered. The Colliery has established a monopoly position for hospital services in the district. However, it appears to offer services of at least as good quality at prices which are lower than the unit costs of the government hospital when capital costs are included. Nevertheless, the contract cannot be considered a success due to the failure to contain its total cost. Approximately 70% of provincial non-salary recurrent expenditure is consumed by the contract while only a minority of the province's population have access to the Colliery hospital. Screening patients, both with respect to their ability to pay and to their need for secondary level services does not take place with the result that utilization levels are not controlled. The study highlights a number of important issues affecting contracting in developing country setting: First, contracted institutions attain powerful bargaining positions if there are no viable competitors and the government does not itself retain capacity to offer an alternative service. Second, specific skills are needed for the management of contracts at all levels. If the process of contract development responds to a crisis driven agenda resulting from civil service retrenchment and public expenditure cuts, it is unlikely that adequate consideration will be given to

  12. Analyses the hospital side staff labor contract management%浅析医院编外人员劳动合同管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋杏茂

    2015-01-01

    Side personnel is an important structure in hospital on-the-job personnel, how to strengthen the hospital side personnel management become an important topic in the research of the hospital. From the hospital side personnel employment status, nature of work type, and improve the personnel management measures to explore the side personnel management methods, aims to provide a reference for relevant departments.%编外人员是医院在职人员中的重要结构,如何加强医院编外人员的管理成为医院研究的重要内容。本文将从医院编外人员聘任现状,工作性质类型,以及改进人员管理措施等方面探究编外人员管理方法,旨在为相关部门提供参考意见。

  13. Contractual incentives in EPC contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Salvesen, Terje

    2011-01-01

    The Norwegian Oil Industry has through the years utilized several different Contract models for offshore projects. In the recent years, the big oil companies are using EPC Contracts to regulate deliveries in the industry. The main focus in the master thesis was the EPC Contract for offshore deliveries and the contractual incentives built into these Contract models. The first section presents the basics to the EPC contract format. Subjects are why the EPC Contract format is used...

  14. Software Support for Industrial Controls Contract

    CERN Document Server

    Sánchez-Corral, E

    2001-01-01

    The contract covers the development and the operation and maintenance (O&M) of the monitoring and control systems used for supervising CERN's technical infrastructure. The contract involves those responsible for equipment in any current or future technical installation. We are outsourcing a complex activity which will require efforts on both preparing the specifications for new projects and setting clear definitions of tasks and procedures for O&M. It is a result-oriented contract in which performance will be continually evaluated by different methods and tools: project management plan and project follow-up, and CAMMS (Computerised Assets and Maintenance Management system). To be used effectively, this approach requires complete traceability of activities and documentation of the systems. Based on the analysis of the results measured and the shared (CERN and contractor) experience, the O&M activities will be reviewed and reorganised and operational procedures will be changed according to needs. A ...

  15. Partnering and contracting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bohnstedt, Kristian Ditlev

    2014-01-01

    Purpose - Partnering is often, by economists, and construction managerial literature related to more incomplete contracts. This can be explained by seeing partnering as something that neutralizes opportunism. The aim is to uncover whether partnering neutralizes opportunism when there is an incomp......Purpose - Partnering is often, by economists, and construction managerial literature related to more incomplete contracts. This can be explained by seeing partnering as something that neutralizes opportunism. The aim is to uncover whether partnering neutralizes opportunism when...... outcomes with the conception of being repaid later in accordance to reciprocity. Value - Seeing partnering as the willingness to renegotiate complete contracts can reduce the risk for the contractor and lead to lower prices for a given service. Keywords Partnering, Contracting, Pareto efficiency...

  16. The Grade Contract Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bornscheuer, Joan H.

    1976-01-01

    Adaptations of and variations on the grade contract system are described with emphasis on individualized instruction, fair evaluation, and learner-oriented classes. The method used is described, and results are assessed. (Author/RM)

  17. Contracting the Facebook API

    CERN Document Server

    Rubinger, Ben; 10.4204/EPTCS.35.6

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, there has been an explosive growth in the popularity of online social networks such as Facebook. In a new twist, third party developers are now able to create their own web applications which plug into Facebook and work with Facebook's "social" data, enabling the entire Facebook user base of more than 400 million active users to use such applications. These client applications can contain subtle errors that can be hard to debug if they misuse the Facebook API. In this paper we present an experience report on applying Microsoft's new code contract system for the .NET framework to the Facebook API.We wrote contracts for several classes in the Facebook API wrapper which allows Microsoft .NET developers to implement Facebook applications. We evaluated the usefulness of these contracts during implementation of a new Facebook application. Our experience indicates that having code contracts provides a better and quicker software development experience.

  18. Contracting the Facebook API

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Rubinger

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, there has been an explosive growth in the popularity of online social networks such as Facebook. In a new twist, third party developers are now able to create their own web applications which plug into Facebook and work with Facebook's "social" data, enabling the entire Facebook user base of more than 400 million active users to use such applications. These client applications can contain subtle errors that can be hard to debug if they misuse the Facebook API. In this paper we present an experience report on applying Microsoft's new code contract system for the .NET framework to the Facebook API.We wrote contracts for several classes in the Facebook API wrapper which allows Microsoft .NET developers to implement Facebook applications. We evaluated the usefulness of these contracts during implementation of a new Facebook application. Our experience indicates that having code contracts provides a better and quicker software development experience.

  19. Improving Contract Performance by Corrective Actions Plans

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dowd, A.S., jr.

    2002-06-23

    Corrective Action Plans (CAPs) are required to be developed, submitted, and reported upon by the prime contractors for the U.S. Department of Energy (U.S. DOE) Management and Operations (M and O) contracts. The best known CAP ''type,'' and there are many, is for Price-Anderson Amendments Act (PAAA) ''potential noncompliances.'' The M and O contractor fines for PAAA problems have increased from approximately $100,000 in 1996 to almost $2,000,000 in 2000. In order to improve CAP performance at the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) site at Y-12 in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, the contractor chose to centralize the company-wide processes of problem identification and reporting with the PAAA (and other) CAP processes. This directly integrates these functional reports to the contractor General Manager. The functions contained in the M and O contractor central organization, called ''Performance Assurance,'' are: PAAA; Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB) Liaison; Contract Requirements Management; Issues Management (including the CAP processes); Lessons Learned; Independent and Management Assessments; Internal Audits; and Ethics. By centrally locating and managing these problem identification and problem correction functions, the contractor, BWXT Y-12, L.L.C., has improved PAAA (and other) CAP performance more than 200 percent in the first year of the contract. Much of this improvement (see Table 1 for examples) has been achieved by increasing the knowledge and experience of management and workers in the specific contract and company requirements for CAPs. The remainder of this paper will describe some of the many CAP processes at Y-12 to show the reader the non-trivial scope of the CAP process. Improvements in CAP management will be discussed. In addition, a specific recommendation for CAP management, in a major capital construction project, will be presented.

  20. Dynamics of control mechanisms in a cost plus percentage contract

    OpenAIRE

    Huang, Wen-Haw; Yin, Samuel Yen-Lian; Tserng, H. Ping

    2012-01-01

    While the control mechanisms of incentive contracts have been widely studied, this study attempts to determine the optimal control over a cost-plus percentage contract of a construction project. Cost-plus percentage contract shifts some risk from the contractor to client, thus offering little incentive for the contractor to control costs. The owner requires additional management over the construction project to ensure that only necessary costs are spent. The data are collected through documen...

  1. Statutes and contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trosborg, Anna

    1995-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the language used in legal speech acts in legislative texts and contracts in the field of English Contract Law. The central objects of study are regulative functions with a particular view to establishing realization patterns of the rhetorical functions of directive...... institutions, as well as in terms of the face redress required by the socio-pragmatic situation. Udgivelsesdato: JAN...

  2. Joint Contingency Contracting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-06-01

    Cdr (Head of Contracting Activity - HCA)FISC - Sigonella 5th Fleet AOR NAVSUP FISC Site - Dubai FISC Det-Bahrain Bahrain Seychelles CJOA Afghanistan...Services’ individual approaches for the accession of COs (and contracting specialists) is inconsistent and creates disparities between the breadth...and temperatures ranging from 130 degrees to below freezing. J42 AAdmin Clerk (Navy E-5) J4221 Fuels Ops Officer Navy

  3. Contract Design for Vendor Managed Inventory Programs with Pricing Decision%带定价决策的供应商管理库存合同设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关若曦; 赵晓波

    2011-01-01

    高校教师绩效工资管理系统的设计得益于管理科学与信息技术的有机结合,并基于高校教师的职业与人事管理特征有效实现管理自动化、信息透明化、公平效率化的设计初衷.系统通过几个主要功能模块的分工与流程,结合系统的参数设置与运算,可以自动生成教师的绩效津贴.从而实现高校有限资源的优化配置与绩效工资的合理分配,在激励教职员工爱岗敬业、自我实现的同时,实现教师个人与高校优势互补、和谐共进的多赢局面.%The design of management system of university teachers' performance related pay benefits from management science and information technology, and based on the university teachers' career and personnel management originating from effective management automation, information transparency, fairness and efficiency. The management system can automatically generate teacher performance allowance through several main function modules of the division and processes, the setting parameters of the system and the operation. The system will achieve the optimal allocation of limited resources and rational allocation of performance related pay, which can realize the complementary and harmonious win-win situation of teacher-to-university by motivating the teachers and staff members.

  4. 75 FR 57906 - Membership of the Defense Contract Audit Agency Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-23

    ... appraisals and make recommendations to the Director, DCAA, regarding final performance ratings and... INFORMATION CONTACT: Sandra L. Burrell, Chief, Human Resources Management Division, Defense Contract Audit... of the Secretary Membership of the Defense Contract Audit Agency Senior Executive Service...

  5. 78 FR 6827 - Public Availability of DHS Fiscal Year 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-31

    ... made in FY 2012. The information is organized by function to show how contracted resources are...-contract-inventories by the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement Policy...

  6. An unsatisfactory contract policy

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2012-01-01

    For the last 15 years contract policy has been one of the top priorities of CERN staff, as expressed in successive surveys initiated by the Staff Association. In one’s professional life, having some forward vision of one’s career prospects is the key to loyalty and motivation. On the contrary, instability about the future is always at the root of anxiety, conflicts, or even health problems. A good employer must therefore balance the needs of the Company and those of its employees. CERN’s current contract policy, as described in the Administrative Circular No 2, states that staff members should first obtain a limited duration (LD) contract of up to five years. Then, if they want to stay in the Organization, staff members must apply, usually once a year, and before the end of their LD contract, for an indefinite contract (IC) post. All candidates for an IC post are considered by the Review Board for the award of indefinite contracts (Review Board) which will choose the most suita...

  7. An unsatisfactory contract policy

    CERN Multimedia

    Association du personnel

    2012-01-01

    For the last 15 years contract policy has been one of the top priorities of CERN staff, as expressed in successive surveys initiated by the Staff Association. In one’s professional life, having some forward vision of one’s career prospects is the key to loyalty and motivation. On the contrary, instability about the future is always at the root of anxiety, conflicts, or even health problems. A good employer must therefore balance the needs of the Company and those of its employees. CERN’s current contract policy, as described in the Administrative Circular No 2, states that staff members should first obtain a limited duration (LD) contract of up to five years. Then, if they want to stay in the Organization, staff members must apply, usually once a year, and before the end of their LD contract, for an indefinite contract (IC) post. All candidates for an IC post are considered by the Review Board for the award of indefinite contracts (Review Board) which will choose the most suita...

  8. Contracting Out and Organizational Learning in the Public Sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholst, Andrej Christian; Hansen, Morten Balle; Nielsen, Jeppe Agger

    organizational learning in the public sector. We review the scarce literature and elaborate a set of hypotheses concerning how different ways to organize contracting out may be related to organizational learning. Empirically we test these hypotheses on the case of contracting out technical services (park......- and road maintenance) in local governments in Denmark, England, Norway and Sweden. We find that contracting out tends to enhance organizational learning in public organizations. Our findings also suggest variation in the impact depending on different ways of organizing and managing contractual relations....... Emphasis on a ‘hard’ contract management style tends to diminish organizational learning while emphasis on collaborative governance, greater formalization of contractual relations, larger contract management capacities, and emphasis on learning intends all enhances organizational learning. We discuss...

  9. Incomplete contract, bargaining and optimal divisional structure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Bao; Y. Wang

    2012-01-01

    When complete contracting is not possible, allocating control structure becomes the second-best arrangement. This paper analyzes the design of optimal divisional structure within an organization where ex post bargaining between the potential divisional managers is possible. In much the same light as

  10. A middleware for building contract-aware agent-based services

    OpenAIRE

    Confalonieri, Roberto; Álvarez Napagao, Sergio; Panagiotidi, Sofia; Vázquez Salceda, Javier; Willmott, Steven Nicolás

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents a middleware to help designers in the implementation of contract-aware agent-based services. The middleware provides several components, including a contract manager, a communication manager and a workflow manager, which combine to allow agents to manage contracts and the actions associated with them. The middleware is built as part of a Web service implementation of the ISTCONTRACT framework. An electronic commerce example is used to illustrate how the components of...

  11. Control over Administrative Contract Formation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frane Staničić

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Administrative contracts in Croatian legislation represent a novelty introduced into the General Administration Procedure Act in 2010. This is a novelty which has not proved to be successful in practice. Control over administrative contract formation is inevitable and is very significant for a number of reasons. Firstly, public legal bodies which form them do so by exercising their own public powers which are without doubt subject to legality control; secondly, in forming administrative contracts, public funds are used which must be controlled; thirdly, forming administrative contracts often touches on using public goods. Due to the restrictive interpretation of administrative contracts in Croatian legislation, this institute is indisputably only regulated in the General Taxation Act. However, for more than two decades contracts which satisfy all presumptions have existed in our law in order to be considered as administrative contracts. It is for this reason that control over contracts will be dealt with for contracts considered by the author to be administrative contracts. These are contracts on concessions and contracts on public procurement. How inadequate today’s regulation of control of administrative contract formation is will be demonstrated, particularly regarding contracts on concession and public procurement. Legislative changes will be proposed which should result in a more quality system of control over administrative contract formation. How control over administrative contract formation cannot be considered as separate from control over administrative contract execution will also be shown.

  12. Analysis of the effect of the family doctor contract service on the health management of patients%家庭医生签约式服务对患者健康管理的效果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭磊; 曾国庆

    2016-01-01

    目的:研究家庭医生签约式服务在改善患者健康方面的效果,为今后开展社区健康管理服务提供相关依据。方法:2014年9月—2015年9月,随机抽取180名社区患者,对观察组90人提供家庭医生签约式服务,对照组90人提供常规社区健康服务,12个月后对比相关健康指标,并评价家庭医生签约式服务的干预效果。结果:经干预后,观察组与对照组在选择社区门诊就医的比例及认为社区就医费用便宜,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。观察组与对照组在掌握慢性病常识、愿意改变原有生活行为方式、合理饮食、适量运动、戒烟戒酒、自我监测及情绪调节各方面相比差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:采用家庭医生签约式服务,能增强患者的自我健康保健意识,增加对健康管理的依从性,值得推广应用。%Objective:To study the effect of the family doctor contract service in improving the health of patients to provide the basis for the development of community health management services in the future. Methods:A total of 180 patients who volunteered to participate in this study were randomly selected from August 2014 to August 2015, the family doctor contract service was provided for the observation group with 90 cases, and the conventional community health service for the control group with 90 cases. After 12 months the related health indicators were compared, and the intervention effect of family doctor contract service was evaluated. Results:Before and after the intervention, the differences in the choice of community outpatient service ratio and the low cost of community medical treatment in the observation group and control one had the statistical signiifcance(P>0.05). The differences in the master of chronic diseases common sense, willing to change the original way of life, reasonable diet, moderate exercise, smoking and alcohol cessation, self

  13. EPC总承包模式下基于无缺陷管理的组织构建%Organization Construction Based on No-defect Management in EPC General Contract Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    艾芳蓉; 张宁; 黄秀梅

    2016-01-01

    The emergent events in international engineering are stochastic, uncertain and devastating. Under EPC general contracting mode, the emergent events are likely to cause serious economic loss to EPC general contractor. The researches on emergent events in international project are mostly passive control. There are few researches on targeted active control of emergent events risk. This paper mainly studies the organization construction based on the no-defect management in the EPC general contracting mode, using the TextRank algorithm, with the help of Guidelines for Foreign Investment Country / Territory Cooperation, information in the World Bank database and keyword extraction technology, to predict emergencies. LEC method is used for risk assessment, and then emergency organization is built, contingency plans are developed.%国际工程中的突发事件有随机性、不确定性及巨大的破坏性,在EPC总承包模式下,很可能给EPC总承包商造成严重的经济损失。而对于国际工程项目突发事件的研究多为被动控制,有针对性的主动控制突发事件的风险研究尚且较少,本文主要研究EPC总承包模式下基于无缺陷管理的组织构建,利用TextRank算法,借助《对外投资合作国别(地区)指南》、世界银行数据库中的信息,利用关键词提取技术,对突发事件进行预测,利用LEC法进行风险评价,再构建应急组织,制定应急预案。

  14. Affine Contractions on the Plane

    Science.gov (United States)

    Celik, D.; Ozdemir, Y.; Ureyen, M.

    2007-01-01

    Contractions play a considerable role in the theory of fractals. However, it is not easy to find contractions which are not similitudes. In this study, it is shown by counter examples that an affine transformation of the plane carrying a given triangle onto another triangle may not be a contraction even if it contracts edges, heights or medians.…

  15. INDEFINITE CONTRACT REVIEW 2000

    CERN Multimedia

    Division des ressources humaines

    2000-01-01

    The Director-General has decided to review staff members in professional categories 2 to 5 satisfying the criteria for consideration for the award of an indefinite contract, in accordance with Article R II 1.20 of the Staff Regulations. Staff members holding a fixed-term contract which it has been decided not to renew will not be considered. The following stages are foreseen:1.\tCandidates qualifying for review in accordance with Article R II 1.20 of the Staff Regulations and the Administrative Circular N° 9 will be contacted by Human Resources Division. 2.\tThe criteria as to when staff members qualify for review are described in Administrative Circular N° 9. These include the following:staff members who are in their fourth year of service on a fixed-term contract;in addition, for staff members having three years or more of previous relevant service in the Organization on a contract of limited duration (or term-contract) and upon proposal by the division leader concerned, consid...

  16. INDEFINITE CONTRACT REVIEW 2001

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division

    2001-01-01

    The Director-General has decided to review staff members in professional categories 2 to 5 satisfying the criteria for consideration for the award of an indefinite contract, in accordance with Article R II 1.20 of the Staff Regulations. Staff members holding a fixed-term contract which it has been decided not to renew will not be considered. The following stages are foreseen: 1. Candidates qualifying for review in accordance with Article R II 1.20 of the Staff Regulations and the Administrative Circular N° 9 will be contacted by Human Resources Division. 2. The criteria as to when staff members qualify for review are described in Administrative Circular N° 9. These include the following: staff members who are in their fourth year of service on a fixed-term contract; in addition, for staff members having three years or more of previous relevant service in the Organization on a contract of limited duration (or term-contract) and upon proposal by the division leader concerned, consideration fo...

  17. Transforming Wartime Contracting: Controlling Costs, Reducing Risks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    Iraqi security forces. Iraqis face a major transition after 2011, when ( barring any changes in the U.S.- Iraqi arrangements) only a limited number of...Florida, U.S. Central Command J4 Contracting San Francisco, California, American Bar Association Chantilly, Virginia, National Contract Management...2,377,326,181       8920 Bakery and cereal products   350,190,025     SPM30008D3196 Total      $2,727,516,206 Kuwait DAAA0902D0007 R706 Logistics

  18. Asymptotics of Random Contractions

    CERN Document Server

    Hashorva, Enkelejd; Tang, Qihe

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we discuss the asymptotic behaviour of random contractions $X=RS$, where $R$, with distribution function $F$, is a positive random variable independent of $S\\in (0,1)$. Random contractions appear naturally in insurance and finance. Our principal contribution is the derivation of the tail asymptotics of $X$ assuming that $F$ is in the max-domain of attraction of an extreme value distribution and the distribution function of $S$ satisfies a regular variation property. We apply our result to derive the asymptotics of the probability of ruin for a particular discrete-time risk model. Further we quantify in our asymptotic setting the effect of the random scaling on the Conditional Tail Expectations, risk aggregation, and derive the joint asymptotic distribution of linear combinations of random contractions.

  19. CONTRACT BROILER FARMING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Todsadee Areerat

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In Thailand, poultry sector is the main economic growth of livestock sector, especially broiler production. The rapid expansion in broiler production has been made possible by the increase in the number of commercial farms or contract farming. The objective of this research was to understand better how contract farming works, who gets involved and why and who benefits from the agreement. The study is based on the broiler file survey in Chiang Mai province of Thailand. As the results, contract farming looks quite attractive for farmers as well as for private companies but most of the farmers complained about long waiting until the delivery of the next cycle of chicks have started.

  20. On the Issues Related to Contract Management of Hospital Construction Project%浅谈医院建设工程施工合同管理中的有关问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    国立伟

    2012-01-01

    With China's economic development and technological progress with each passing day, China's construction industry has a steady progress in the wave of a new era. The engineering construction benefits the nation and the people and plays an important role in the prosperity of the motherland and the good and prosperous life of people. Today the pace of Hie is gradually accelerating, and the speed of the development of construction industry is accelerating due to the innovation of new technologies, the introduction of new ideas and the discovery of new materials. When pursuing the "speed", people should not make a blunder. The insurance of the quality and quantity of engineering is the ultimate goal of any project construction. To achieve the purpose of high-quality, short duration and low cost, the contract management of projects is particularly important. The construction contract which is signed between the owners and the construction side is the written document with legal authority to protect the interests of each of the parties and protect the smooth construction. As the hospital construction project, the social interest it reflected is larger than its economic interests, so it should not have any mishap in the building process. The author has engaged in the work of the project management for many years. Through years of work experience, the author outlined his views and points out several aspects that should pay attention to in the management process of hospital contract.%随着我国经济的发展和科技进步的日新月异,我国的建筑业在新时代的浪潮中稳步前进,工程建筑是一项利国利民的伟大事业,祖国繁荣富强,百姓安居乐业都离不开建筑业在其中所起的重要作用.在生活节奏逐步加快的今天,建筑行业由于新技术的革新,新理念的引进,新材料的发现等是其发展速度不断加快,人们在不断追求“提速”同时也不要乱了章法,工程保质保

  1. Utility Energy Services Contracts: Enabling Documents, May 2009 (Book)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2009-05-01

    Enabling Documents, delivered by the U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) to provide materials that clarify the authority for federal agencies to enter into utility energy services contracts (UESCs).

  2. Behavioral Chaining That Encourages Time Contract With Customers Fitness Center

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rafael Barreiros Porto; Jurema Barreto Da Silva

    2013-01-01

    .... This work investigates the effect of the punitive conditions established by the manager of the fitness center and the dedication of individuals on the time of contract with customers in a fitness center...

  3. Culture and Contract Laws

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lando, Ole

    2007-01-01

    In the article it is argued that the wish to preserve the cultural values of national law should not prevent the EU from preparing a Code or an Optional Instrument. The no-code countries on the British Isles and in Scandinavia are the most ardent opponents to the idea of unifying European Contract...... Law by way of a code on Contracts. In both these regions however the absence of a code causes problems. In England a prominent writer has found that the major weakness of the judge-made law is its immense diffusion and the consequent difficulty of access to it and the Nordic countries face the same...

  4. Consensus, contracts, and committees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno, J D

    1991-08-01

    Following a brief account of the puzzle that ethics committees present for the Western Philosophical tradition, I will examine the possibility that social contract theory can contribute to a philosophical account of these committees. Passing through classical as well as contemporary theories, particularly Rawls' recent constructivist approach, I will argue that social contract theory places severe constraints on the authority that may legitimately be granted to ethics committees. This, I conclude, speaks more about the suitability of the theory to this level of analysis than about the ethics committee phenomenon itself.

  5. Conduct and Contract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony de Jasay

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Political philosophy relies on three alternative types of theory to explain social order. The first, is order anarchy, built on the system of spontaneous Humean conventions. They are equilibria, self-enforcing or enforced by the participants' own contingent strategies and involve no central, specialised enforcer. The second type is contractarianism. This paper contends that its name is a misnomer hiding a redundancy. The third type is social contract theory, where there is unanimous commitment to submit to non-unanimous collective choices of certain kinds or reached by certain rules. The paper suggests that social contract theories serve mainly to render acquiescence in political obedience more palatable.

  6. Statutes and contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trosborg, Anna

    1995-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the language used in legal speech acts in legislative texts and contracts in the field of English Contract Law. The central objects of study are regulative functions with a particular view to establishing realization patterns of the rhetorical functions of directive...... and commissive acts. The findings show that the language of the law characteristically selects patterns of regulative distinct from, for example, the patterns typically selected in everyday conversational English. The characteristics of the language of the law can be interpreted within the adherence to legal...

  7. 48 CFR 416.670 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Time-and-Materials, Labor-Hour, and Letter Contracts 416.670 Contract clauses. The contracting officer shall limit the Government's obligation under a time-and-materials...

  8. Compositional specification of commercial contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jesper; Elsborg, Ebbe; Henglein, Fritz

    2006-01-01

    amongst multiple parties and complements McCarthy’s Resources, Events and Agents (REA) accounting model (McCarthy in Account Rev. LVII(3), 554–578, 1982) with a view- independent formal contract model that supports definition of user-defined contracts, automatic monitoring under execution and user......-definable analysis of their state before, during and after execution. We provide several realistic examples of commercial contracts and their analyses. A variety of (real) contracts can be expressed in such a fashion as to support their integration, management and analysis in an operational environment...... that registers events. The language design is driven by both domain considerations and semantic language design methods: a contract denotes a set of traces of events, each of which is an alternative way of concluding the contract successfully, which gives rise to a CSP-style (Brooker et al. in J.ACM 31(3), 560...

  9. 48 CFR 546.302-70 - Source inspection by Quality Approved Manufacturer for fixed-price supply contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Quality Approved Manufacturer for fixed-price supply contracts. 546.302-70 Section 546.302-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations System GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 546.302-70 Source inspection by Quality Approved Manufacturer for fixed-price supply contracts....

  10. Employee Loyalty Management under the New Economic Environment:On the Importance of Psychological Contract Building%新经济环境下员工忠诚度管理--论心理契约构建的重要性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜小霞

    2014-01-01

    In modern enterprise management, the loyalty of employees will affect the achievement of business objectives, and the psychological contract has a decisive influence on employee's behavior and loyalty. This paper discusses the relationship between the employee loyalty and"psychological contract"in business management under the new economic environment, and expounds how to improve employee loyalty through effective psychological contract management, and finally gives proposals for building "psychological contract" of employees and enterprises, in order to provide reference for business leaders and future researchers.%现代企业管理中,企业员工的忠诚度会影响企业经营目标的实现,而心理契约对员工的行为、忠诚度有着决定性的影响。本文主要探讨新经济环境下企业管理中员工的忠诚和“心理契约”的关系,并阐述了有效的心理契约管理如何提升员工的忠诚度,最后根据研究结果给出员工与企业如何共建“心理契约”的建议,为企业领导者及后续研究者提供参考。

  11. Contracting As A Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-30

    and even demands the development of operational definitions for terms ( Dubin , 1978). Contracting faces the same definitional problems that plague...Paradigms The underpinning of science is theory ( Dubin , 1978). Theories provide a logical ordering of observations used for simplifying decision... Dubin , 1978). Scientific laws should meet the following criteria: (1) generalized conditionals—if/then relationship; (2) empirical content—laws must

  12. Electricity supply contracts: Optimization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rossi, G.; Vezzoni, M.; Grassani, E. (Sistemi Integrati per il Risparmio Energetico, Pavia (Italy) Necchi Compressori, Pavia (Italy))

    1991-10-01

    This paper presents a computer program, ACEE (Electrical Energy Consumption Analysis), developed to assist industrial firms in Italy to determine their electrical power consumption, optimize it through production process interventions, and then utilize the results to draft up optimum electricity supply contracts with ENEL (Italian National Electricity Board). The program also allows the user to properly budget future allocations for electricity costs.

  13. Acting Out Muscle Contraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hudson, Margaret

    2003-01-01

    Describes a science activity that can be implemented into anatomy and physiology courses that demonstrates the interactions between action and myosin, the roles of sodium and calcium ions in the regulation of contraction, and the functions of the plasma membrane and the sarcoplasmic reticulum. (YDS)

  14. Social Yes; Contract No

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Russell Hardin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Social contract theory is incoherent and it does not work as desired. Among the most obvious disanalogies is that contracts are enforced by a third party, commonly the state. There is no such external enforcer for a constitution. Contractarian theorists typically ignore all such issues and use the metaphor of contract very loosely to ground a claim that citizens are morally obligated to defer to government by their consent, as the parties to a standard legal contract would be legally obligated. David Hume's term is acquiescence. He compellingly argues that actual citizens do not believe their own legal or political obligations depend on their having agreed to their social order. More often than not our interests are simply better served by acquiescing in the rules of that constitution than by attempting to change it. The forms of commitment that are important for constitutional and even for much of conventional social choice are those that derive from the difficulties of collective action to re-coordinate on new rules. They are inherent in the social structure of the conventions themselves, a structure that often more or less automatically exacts costs from anyone who runs against the conventions without anyone or any institution having to take action against the rule breaker. Establishing a constitution is itself a massive act of coordination that, if it is stable for a while, spawns conventions that depend for their maintenance on their self-generating incentives and expectations and that block alternatives.

  15. Muscle contraction and force

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brüggemann, Dagmar Adeline; Risbo, Jens; Pierzynowski, Stefan G.

    2008-01-01

    Muscle contraction studies often focus solely on myofibres and the proteins known to be involved in the processes of sarcomere shortening and cross-bridge cycling, but skeletal muscle also comprises a very elaborate ancillary network of capillaries, which not only play a vital role in terms...... contributor to force transfer within muscular tissue....

  16. Quark Contraction Tool - QCT

    CERN Document Server

    Djukanovic, Dalibor

    2016-01-01

    We present a Mathematica package for the calculation of Wick contractions in quantum field theories - QCT. Furthermore the package aims at automatically generating code for the calculation of physical matrix elements, suitable for numerical evaluation in a C++ program. To that end commonly used algebraic manipulations for the calculation of matrix elements in lattice QCD are implemented.

  17. Natural gas contracts in efficient portfolios

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sutherland, R.J.

    1994-12-01

    This report addresses the {open_quotes}contracts portfolio{close_quotes} issue of natural gas contracts in support of the Domestic Natural Gas and Oil Initiative (DGOI) published by the U.S. Department of Energy in 1994. The analysis is a result of a collaborative effort with the Public Service Commission of the State of Maryland to consider {open_quotes}reforms that enhance the industry`s competitiveness{close_quotes}. The initial focus of our collaborative effort was on gas purchasing and contract portfolios; however, it became apparent that efficient contracting to purchase and use gas requires a broader consideration of regulatory reform. Efficient portfolios are obtained when the holder of the portfolio is affected by and is responsible for the performance of the portfolio. Natural gas distribution companies may prefer a diversity of contracts, but the efficient use of gas requires that the local distribution company be held accountable for its own purchases. Ultimate customers are affected by their own portfolios, which they manage efficiently by making their own choices. The objectives of the DGOI, particularly the efficient use of gas, can be achieved when customers have access to suppliers of gas and energy services under an improved regulatory framework. The evolution of the natural gas market during the last 15 years is described to account for the changing preferences toward gas contracts. Long-term contracts for natural gas were prevalent before the early 1980s, primarily because gas producers had few options other than to sell to a single pipeline company, and this pipeline company, in turn, was the only seller to a gas distribution company.

  18. Relationship of Source Selection Methods to Contract Outcomes: An Analysis of Air Force Source Selection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    LIST OF REFERENCES Albano, J. D. (2013). The contract management body of knowledge : A comparison of contracting competencies (Master’s thesis). Naval...Arlington, VA 22202-4302, and to the Office of Management and Budget, Paperwork Reduction Project (0704-0188) Washington, DC 20503. 1. AGENCY USE ONLY...improvement initiative, our research focuses on the contract management process, with special emphasis on the source selection methods of tradeoff and

  19. The Management of University Young Teachers from the Perspective of Psychological Contract%心理契约视角下的高校青年教师管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱拥军

    2011-01-01

    In the management of university young teachers,psychological contract serves as a source of motivation,stableness,reinforcement and creativity.Therefore,universities should generally establish an effective incentive system and create a humanistic atmosphere.Specifically,they should work for young teachers' financial,professional and interpersonal satisfaction so as to enhance their overall satisfaction and their loyalty to the universities.%心理契约理论在高校青年教师管理中起着动力作用、稳定作用、强化作用和创造作用,因此,高校青年教师管理,要充分利用心理契约理论,宏观上制定有效的激励制度,创设人文关怀的氛围;微观上从经济利益、职业规划、人际信任等方面开展工作,从而增强教师的工作满意度和对学校的忠诚度,促进学校的长远发展。

  20. 48 CFR 46.202-4 - Higher-level contract quality requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... quality requirements. 46.202-4 Section 46.202-4 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Quality Requirements 46.202-4 Higher-level contract quality requirements. (a) Requiring compliance with higher-level quality standards is appropriate in...

  1. 41 CFR 102-33.105 - What special requirements must we put into our CAS contracts?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What special requirements must we put into our CAS contracts? 102-33.105 Section 102-33.105 Public Contracts and Property... to Acquire Government Aircraft § 102-33.105 What special requirements must we put into our...

  2. 48 CFR 46.307 - Fixed-price research and development contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.307 Fixed-price research and development... Development—Fixed-Price, in solicitations and contracts for research and development when (1) the primary... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fixed-price research and...

  3. 30 CFR 285.436 - Can MMS require lease or grant contraction?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Can MMS require lease or grant contraction? 285.436 Section 285.436 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE... Administration Lease Or Grant Contraction § 285.436 Can MMS require lease or grant contraction? At an interval...

  4. 25 CFR 163.19 - Contracts for the sale of forest products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Contracts for the sale of forest products. 163.19 Section... REGULATIONS Forest Management and Operations § 163.19 Contracts for the sale of forest products. (a) In sales of forest products with an appraised stumpage value exceeding $15,000, the contract forms approved...

  5. A Marketing-Finance Approach towards Industrial Channel Contract Relationships: A Model and Application

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pennings, J.M.E.

    2004-01-01

    Channel contract relations are dynamic. In this paper, it is argued that one of the drivers for this dynamism is a firm's strive for shareholder value. Using channel contract relationships as market-based assets, firms are managing a portfolio of spot and forward contract relationships. By exclusive

  6. 42 CFR 438.708 - Termination of an MCO or PCCM contract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Termination of an MCO or PCCM contract. 438.708... SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS MANAGED CARE Sanctions § 438.708 Termination of an MCO or PCCM contract. A State has the authority to terminate an MCO or PCCM contract and enroll that...

  7. Enhancing Cost Realism through Risk-Driven Contracting: Designing Incentive Fees Based on Probabilistic Cost Estimates

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-01

    it would award a CPFF contract to what it knew to be the lowest cost contractor to avoid the risk premium of incentive contracts ( Samuelson , 1986... Samuelson , W. (1986). Bidding for contracts. Management Science, 32(12), 1533–1550. Scherer, F. M. (1964). The theory of contractual incentives for cost

  8. Choice of Contract Type and Other Policy Initiatives for Reducing Contract Prices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    business unit. To manage and incentivize cost reductions across such extensive portfolios would require modifications to the current approach to...2 1. The Weapon System Franchise Model ..........................................................2 2. The Agency Problem and...contract types. The analyses looking at serial production for MDAPs (the first area above) were performed in the context of the “weapon system franchise

  9. 48 CFR 1316.307 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...-reimbursement contracts. (b) Insert a clause similar to 1352.216-71, Level of Effort (Cost-Plus-Fixed-Fee, Term Contract), in Cost-Plus-Fixed-Fee, Level of Effort contracts. ... CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost-Reimbursement Contracts 1316.307 Contract clauses. (a) Insert a...

  10. Generalized Wellposedness and Multivalued Contraction

    OpenAIRE

    PRABACKAR, Arockia; UTHAYAKUMAR, Ramasamy

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we establish the fixed point theorem for multivalued contraction. Also we prove that the generalized well posedness of the fixed point problem and continuity of multivalued contraction

  11. Utility Energy Services Contracts Guide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2013-09-01

    The UESC Guide is a compilation of samples and templates developed as a resource to help contracting officers implement task orders for UESCs under existing U.S. General Services Administration areawide contracts.

  12. The Value of Competitive Contracting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    Contract FAR authority citations (from GAO, 2010) A few other notable reasons why some agencies inhibit competition are the following: a. Lack of...NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA JOINT APPLIED PROJECT THE VALUE OF COMPETITIVE CONTRACTING By: Pamela A...

  13. Do contracts help?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tumennasan, Norovsambuu

    not form. Formally, we study the team formation problem in which the agents’ efforts are not verifiable and the size of teams does not exceed quota r. We show that if the team members can make only balanced transfers, then moral hazard affects stability adversely. However, if the team members cannot make......Economists perceive moral hazard as an undesirable problem because it undermines efficiency. Carefully designed contracts can mitigate the moral hazard problem, but this assumes that a team is already formed. This paper demonstrates that these contracts are sometimes the reason why teams do...... transfers, then moral hazard affects stability positively in a large class of games. For example, a stable team structure exists if teams produce public goods or if the quota is two. However, these existence results no longer hold if efforts are verifiable....

  14. Negotiating Efficient PPP Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tvarnø, Christina D.

    This paper concerns Public Private Partnership (PPP) contracts in concern to the coming new 2014/24IEU public procurement directive. The new EU public procurement directive gives the public authority the opportunity to negotiate PPPs much more when they are implemented in national law. An opportu......This paper concerns Public Private Partnership (PPP) contracts in concern to the coming new 2014/24IEU public procurement directive. The new EU public procurement directive gives the public authority the opportunity to negotiate PPPs much more when they are implemented in national law...... should consider tendering out PPP projects in the spirit of joint utility because joint utility can increase the concept of more value for money; the cornerstone of the PPP concept. This paper discusses the positive gains from negotiation and compares it with the upcoming possibilities in the EU public...

  15. Dupuytren's Contracture: Fibroblast Contraction?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabbiani, Giulio; Majno, Guido

    1972-01-01

    In 6 cases of Dupuytren's disease and 1 of Ledderhose's disease, the nodules of the palmar and plantar aponeurosis were examined by light and electron microscopy. The cells composing these nodules, presumably fibroblasts, showed three significant ultrastructural features: (1) a fibrillar system similar to that of smooth muscle cells; (2) nuclear deformations such as are found in contracted cells, the severest being recognizable by light microscopy (cross-banded nuclei); (3) cell-to-cell and cell-to-stroma attachments. Based on these data and on recent information about the biology of the fibroblasts, it is suggested that these cells are fibroblasts that have modulated into contractile cells (myofibroblasts), and that their contraction plays a role in the pathogenesis of the contracture observed clinically. ImagesFig 10Fig 5Fig 11Fig 6 and 7Fig 8Fig 1Fig 2Fig 9Fig 3Fig 4 PMID:5009249

  16. Russian Contract Procurement Document

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tobin, J G

    2010-03-29

    This contract supports the enhancement of physical protection or nuclear material control and accounting systems at institutes or enterprises of the newly independent states under the material protection control and accounting (MPC&A) program. The contract is entered into pursuant to the MPC&A Program, a gratuitous technical assistance program, in accordance with the bilateral Agreements between the Russian Federation and the United States of America concerning the Safe and Secure Transportation, Storage and Destruction of Weapons and the Prevention of Weapons Proliferation of June 1992, as extended and amended by Protocol signed of June 1999, Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation regarding Cooperation in the Area of Nuclear Materials Physical Protection, Control and Accounting of October 1999 and the Russian Federation law of May 1999 on the taxation exemption of gratuitous technical assistance with Russian Federation under registration No.DOE001000.

  17. 41 CFR 301-10.107 - Are there any exceptions to the use of a contract city-pair fare?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Are there any exceptions to the use of a contract city-pair fare? 301-10.107 Section 301-10.107 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Travel Regulation System TEMPORARY DUTY (TDY) TRAVEL ALLOWANCES ALLOWABLE TRAVEL EXPENSES 10-TRANSPORTATION EXPENSES...

  18. 41 CFR 301-10.108 - What requirements must be met to use a non-contract fare?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What requirements must be met to use a non-contract fare? 301-10.108 Section 301-10.108 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Travel Regulation System TEMPORARY DUTY (TDY) TRAVEL ALLOWANCES ALLOWABLE TRAVEL EXPENSES 10-TRANSPORTATION EXPENSES Common...

  19. The interpretation of administrative contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cătălin-Silviu SĂRARU

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the principles of interpretation for administrative contracts, in French law and in Romanian law. In the article are highlighted derogations from the rules of contract interpretation in common law. Are examined the exceptions to the principle of good faith, the principle of common intention (willingness of the parties, the principle of good administration, the principle of extensive interpretation of the administrative contract. The article highlights the importance and role of the interpretation in administrative contracts.

  20. Construction Contract Provisions Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-09-01

    bidding and contract docuents. These documents appear together in the bid package. After the bid, the IFB (or RFTP, RFP ) is extracted and the remainder...Corps personnel suggest that the original reason for the clause -- to prevent brokering - is anachronistic in the current construction market. However...amount of premiums paid for performance and payment * bonds (including coinsurance and reinsurance agreements, when applicable) after furnishing

  1. Contracting for Complex Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-01

    higher mutual payoff for both, but risks the suckers payoff (a payoff of 1 in Table 1) if the other player elects to pursue perfunctory performance...The size of the payoffs in Table 1 increases with the degree the contract is incomplete and the degree of asset specific lock-in problems. For...example, the seller receives the same payoff (three) under mutual cooperation with unfavorable circumstances as she receives under a suckers payoff

  2. FACILITIES MANAGEMENT AT CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Recently we have been confronted with difficulties concerning services which are part of a new contract for facilities management. Please see below for some information about this contract. Following competitive tendering and the Finance Committee decision, the contract was awarded to the Swiss firm 'Facilities Management Network (FMN)'. The owners of FMN are two companies 'M+W Zander' and 'Avireal', both very experienced in this field of facilities management. The contract entered into force on 1st July 2002. CERN has grouped together around 20 different activities into this one contract, which was previously covered by separate contracts. The new contract includes the management and execution of many activities, in particular: Guards and access control; cleaning; operation and maintenance of heating plants, cooling and ventilation equipment for buildings not related to the tunnel or the LHC; plumbing; sanitation; lifts; green areas and roads; waste disposal; and includes a centralised helpdesk for these act...

  3. Exit from contract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oren Bar-Gill

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective to study the procedure of exiting the contract its costs and benefits. Methods statistical method comparative analysis. Results free exit from contract is one of the most powerful tools for the consumer rights protection. The procedure frees consumers from bad deals and keeps businesses honest. Yet consumers often choose transactions with lockin provisions trading off exit rights for other perks. This article examines the costs and benefits of free exit as compared to the lockin alternative. According to the authors the present regulation of exit penalties in the USA is poorly tailored to address concerns about lockin particularly in light of increasingly ubiquitous marketbased solutions. The article also calls regulatory attention to loyalty rewards which are shown to be as powerful as exit penalties and equally detrimental. Scientific novelty the article reveals a paradoxical state of the law exit regulations in the USA are used most where they are needed least. Termination penalties present an obvishyous target for regulatory intervention while loyalty programs seem benign not warranting any regulatory attention. Practical significance the article is of interest for the Russian juridical science and lawmaking authorities as in Russia the issue of exiting the contract is as topical as in the USA and requires solution which would impair neither the rights of consumers nor the rights of the sellers ofnbspproducts and services. nbsp

  4. Knowledge-based Librarians Development and Management in Colleges and Universities in View of Psychological Contract%从心理契约视角看高校图书馆知识型馆员的发展与管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董丽; 董华伟

    2014-01-01

    心理契约是一种情感契约,对心理契约的动态管理是高校图书馆提高服务能力、提升人力资源效能的一种柔性管理方式。高校图书馆知识型馆员追求创造性的工作、追求自我价值的实现、追求宽松的工作环境,基于心理契约视角的知识型馆员的管理策略即构建科学的职业生涯规划体系、创建合理的培训开发机制、建立有效的沟通和反馈机制、创造充满凝聚力的图书馆文化。%The psychological contract is a kind of emotional contract. The dynamic management of the psychological contract is a sort of flexible way of managing to improve the service level and to promote the efficacy of human resources in the library of universities. Based on the conception of psychological contract,this thesis combines the current status of Knowledge-based librarian- -pursuing creative works,achievement of self-worth,and relaxed working environment,puts forward the management measures of knowledge-based li-brarians from the perspective of psychological contract,that is to build a scientific career planning system,to create a reasonable mecha-nism for training and development,to establish effective communication mechanisms and to create harmonious library culture.

  5. An adjustable contracted CI method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王育彬; 甘正汀; 苏克和; 文振翼

    1999-01-01

    A new contracted CI scheme——adjustable contracted CI scheme——is presented and programed. The efficiency of this scheme is tested by some example calculations. The result shows that the application of the new scheme is flexible and the correlation energy loss is lower than that of the original externally contracted CI method.

  6. Pressure drop in contraction flow

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Henrik Koblitz

    This note is a supplement to Dynamic of Polymeric Liquids (DPL) page 178. DPL gives an equation for the pressure drop in a tapered (and circular) contraction, valid only at low angles. Here the general definition of contraction flow (the Bagley correction) and a more general method to find...... the pressure drop in a contraction are given....

  7. The Improvement of the Lease Contract of Land Management Right: Based on 102 Family Farms Investigation%试论土地经营权租赁合同的完善——基于102个家庭农场的调研

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖鹏; 王丹

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to design the specific legal system of lease contract of land management right. The study has methodologically adopted document analysis, questionnaires survey and empirical research to analyze situation of China's lease contract of land management right and put forward the policy recommendations. The results are as follow: 1)Lease is one of the main way for land management right to flow to family farm, which is regulated by the legal system of lease contract in "Contract Law", but it's more and more difficult to meet requirements of orderly transferring land management right. 2)The mode of legislation of lease contract of land management right is to further improve the relevant legal system of "Rural Land Contract Law". 3)The rights of lessor and lessee should be the main contents of specific provisions in lease contract of land management right. Specifically, lessor has the statutory priority and legal right of cancellation. Lessee has claim of reduce rent, rights of improving land or adding other facilities and priority of renewal. The conclusion is that the improvement of the lease contract of land management right should be based on the cultivation and development of the new agricultural management entity in China, and conform to the orderly transferring land management right.%研究目的:对中国土地经营权租赁合同内容的完善进行具体制度设计.研究方法:采用文献分析法和实证研究法,研究中国土地经营权租赁合同的现状,提出完善建议.研究结果:(1)出租是土地经营权流向家庭农场的主要方式,主要依靠《合同法》中的租赁合同予以规范,已越来越难以满足土地经营权有序流转的需要;(2)土地经营权租赁合同的立法模式选择是进一步完善《农村土地承包法》中的相关法律制度;(3)土地经营权租赁合同的具体制度设计应当以出租人和承租人的权利为主要内容,具体包括:出租人的法定优

  8. Features of the content of corporate contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Petrovna Gladneva

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective to study the legal nature to reveal the peculiarities of the subject and other essential terms of corporate contracts as a technique and means of legal regulation of corporate relations. Methods general and specific methods of cognition dialectical formal logic analysis synthesis modeling structural and systemicfunctional methods as well as comparative legal logical legal historical legal grammatical methods and systemic interpretation. Results it is concluded that the object of corporate contracts includes terms about the features of implementation of corporate rights for shares and share in capital assets conditions order of the implementation of corporate rights and approval of other actions related to company management activity reorganization and liquidation the passive duty of corporate organizations to refrain from committing any action authority arising from the nature of corporate agreements as well as the active responsibilities associated with the certain implementation of corporate rights certified by stocks shares rights to stocks shares. In addition to the subject the content of corporate contractsincludes other essential necessary conditions stipulated by the corporate legislation norms and the agreement of the participants of economic entity. Scientific novelty for the first time taking into account modern achievements of civilistic jurisprudence and practice the authors investigate the relationship between the concepts of a civil contract and corporate contract give the definition of corporate contract show the specificity of the subject and other material terms of corporate contracts. Practical significance the findings can be taken into account in the further research of corporate law issues as subbranch of civil law used in law making and enforcement activities in the educational process as a teaching material in civil law. nbsp

  9. Labor Contract Law Vs. Employment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qin Liang; Wang Ting

    2009-01-01

    @@ In Oct 2005, an IT company in Beijing signed one-year labor contracts with several employees, and they renewed the contracts in Oct 2006. When the contracts came to the end in Oct 2007, the company rejected to renew the contracts, but asked the employees to contract with an as-sociated company. The employees rejected this, but the practical labor relationship continued. Meanwhile, the company was in arrears of em-ployees' salaries, and didn't make full pay of the mandatory social insurance forced by national laws, even peculated the housing fund withheld from employees' salaries.

  10. Shared energy savings (SES) contracting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aldridge, D.R. Jr. [Army Corps of Engineers, Huntsville, AL (United States)

    1995-11-01

    This paper discusses the use of a Shared Energy Savings (SES) contract as the procurement vehicle to provide, install, and maintain closed-loop ground-coupled heat pumps (CLGCHP`s) for 4,003 family-housing units at Fort Polk, Louisiana. In addition to the requirement relative to heat pumps, the contract allows the energy service company (ESCO) to propose additional projects needed to take full advantage of energy cost-saving opportunities that may exist at Fort Polk. The paper traces the development of the SES contract from feasibility study through development of the request for proposal (RFP) to contract award and implementation. In tracing this development, technical aspects of the project are set forth and various benefits inherent in SES contracting are indicated. The paper concludes that, due to the positive motivation inherent in the shared-savings, as well as partnering aspects of SES contracts, SES contracting is well suited to use as a procurement vehicle.

  11. Contracts for Cross-Organizational Workflow Management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koetsier, M.J.; Grefen, P.W.P.J.; Vonk, J.

    1999-01-01

    Nowadays, many organizations form dynamic partnerships to deal effectively with market requirements. As companies use automated workflow systems to control their processes, a way of linking workflow processes in different organizations is useful in turning the co-operating companies into a seamless

  12. Contracts for Cross-Organizational Workflow Management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koetsier, M.; Grefen, P.; Vonk, J.

    1999-01-01

    Nowadays, many organizations form dynamic partnerships to deal effectively with market requirements. As companies use automated workflow systems to control their processes, a way of linking workflow processes in different organizations is useful in turning the co-operating companies into a seamless

  13. What does the GMS contract mean?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamberlain-Webber, Judith

    2004-06-01

    The changes in primary care help tailor services to local needs, with benefits to patients. Nurses will play a key part in managing improved access to services, especially in chronic disease management. Strategically, the nurse's role has the potential to change and expand, offering the option of becoming partners with GPs or even grouping together to form a limited company and seek contracts with the PCT. Last but not least organisational standards in the quality framework for CPD and good human resources practice should result in improving nurses' employment conditions.

  14. The Lanthanide Contraction Revisited

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seitz, Michael; Oliver, Allen G.; Raymond, Kenneth N.

    2007-04-19

    A complete, isostructural series of lanthanide complexes (except Pm) with the ligand TREN-1,2-HOIQO has been synthesized and structurally characterized by means of single-crystal X-ray analysis. All complexes are 1D-polymeric species in the solid state, with the lanthanide being in an eight-coordinate, distorted trigonal-dodecahedral environment with a donor set of eight unique oxygen atoms. This series constitutes the first complete set of isostructural lanthanide complexes with a ligand of denticity greater than two. The geometric arrangement of the chelating moieties slightly deviates across the lanthanide series, as analyzed by a shape parameter metric based on the comparison of the dihedral angles along all edges of the coordination polyhedron. The apparent lanthanide contraction in the individual Ln-O bond lengths deviates considerably from the expected quadratic decrease that was found previously in a number of complexes with ligands of low denticity. The sum of all bond lengths around the trivalent metal cation, however, is more regular, showing an almost ideal quadratic behavior across the entire series. The quadratic nature of the lanthanide contraction is derived theoretically from Slater's model for the calculation of ionic radii. In addition, the sum of all distances along the edges of the coordination polyhedron show exactly the same quadratic dependency as the Ln-X bond lengths. The universal validity of this coordination sphere contraction, concomitant with the quadratic decrease in Ln-X bond lengths, was confirmed by reexamination of four other, previously published, almost complete series of lanthanide complexes. Due to the importance of multidentate ligands for the chelation of rare-earth metals, this result provides a significant advance for the prediction and rationalization of the geometric features of the corresponding lanthanide complexes, with great potential impact for all aspects of lanthanide coordination.

  15. Bunker purchasing with contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Plum, Christian Edinger Munk; Neergaard Jensen, Peter; Pisinger, David

    2014-01-01

    The cost for bunker fuel represents a major part of the daily running costs of liner shipping vessels. The vessels, sailing on a fixed roundtrip of ports, can lift bunker at these ports, having differing and fluctuating prices. The stock of bunker on a vessel is subject to a number of operational...... optimally to reduce overall costs. The Bunker Purchasing with Contracts Problem has been formulated as a mixed integer programme, which has been Dantzig-Wolfe decomposed. To solve it, a novel column generation algorithm has been developed. The algorithm has been run on a series of real-world instances...

  16. Analysis on Farmer Households' Decision-making Behavior in Transfer of Land Contract Management Right and Its Countermeasures%土地承包经营权流转的农户决策行为分析与政策出路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李全庆

    2009-01-01

    随着社会主义新农村建设进程的深入推进,土地承包经营权流转问题已成为"三农"政策的热点问题.根据成本收益理论和Logistic模型有关原理,针对影响农户土地承包经营权流转决策行为因素进行实证检验及具体分析,从市场建设、政府服务和外部环境建设等3个方面提出土地承包经营权流转的政策出路.%The transfer of land contract management right is the hot spot issue in "Three Agriculture" policies along with deep development of socialism new rural construction. The paper puts forward the countermeasures of strengthening market construction, government service and external environment construction for solving the problems in transfer of land contract management right based on analyzing the factors affecting farmer households decision-making behavior in transfer of land contract management right.

  17. 融资租赁在我国合同能源管理中应用存在的问题研究%The Existing Problems of Finance Leasingˊs Application in Chinaˊs Energy Management Contract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于凤光; 何海燕

    2015-01-01

    Finance leasing carries the feature that “financial matter is financing”,which can solve the financing problem of Energy Management Contract.But in practice,the application of finance leasing in Energy Management Contract is failed to promote widely.This paper analyzes the existing application model and present situation of finance leasing in Energy Management Contract,combines theoretical theory and practical experience to find out problems and gives countermeasures.%融资租赁“融物即融资”的特征在解决融资难问题上与合同能源管理有着天然的契合性,实践中融资租赁在合同能源管理中的应用却未受到广泛推广。通过分析融资租赁在合同能源管理中已有的应用模式,研究其应用现状,用理论结合实际的方法,找出融资租赁在合同能源管理中应用存在的问题并给予建议对策。

  18. 48 CFR 9903.201-4 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST... accordingly. If an accounting principle change mandated under Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A..., to disclose actual cost accounting practices (applicable to CAS-covered contracts only), and to...

  19. Building Psychological Contracts in Security-Risk Environments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ramirez, Jacobo; Madero, Sergio; Vélez-Zapata, Claudia

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines the reciprocal obligations between employers and employees that are framed as psychological contracts in security-risk environments. A total of 30 interviews based on psychological contract frameworks, duty-of-care strategies in terms of human resource management (HRM) systems...... sample. Duty-of-care strategies based on both HRM systems and the sensitivities of HR personnel and line managers to the narcoterrorism context, in combination with both explicit and implicit security policies, tend to be the sources of the content of psychological contracts. We propose a psychological...... contract model based on HRM systems and security and control policy in a narcoterrorism context for the further study of firms' duty-of-care strategies....

  20. 48 CFR 937.7040 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 937.7040... CONTRACTING SERVICE CONTRACTING Protective Services Contracting 937.7040 Contract clauses. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 952.237-70 entitled “Collective bargaining agreements—protective...

  1. 48 CFR 1517.204 - Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contracts. 1517.204 Section 1517.204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 1517.204 Contracts. The SCM may approve a contract...

  2. Human Resources Management of Community Health Organizations(4):The Relevant Regulations of Labor Contract Law%社区卫生人力资源管理(四)——《劳动合同法》的相关规定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁震宇; 张宝珍

    2013-01-01

    按照的要求,社区卫生服务机构作为用人单位必须与劳动者签订书面的劳动合同.本文就劳动合同必须具备的内容、试用期的相关规定、劳动合同的履行和变更、劳动合同的解除和终止以及关于非全日制用工、退休人员的聘用、见习合同等相关问题进行了论述.%The written labor contract should be signed between the community health service organizations as employer and the employees according to requirements of Labor Contract Law. This article reviews and discusses the related problems: the necessary contents of labor contract, relevant regulations in the probationary period, fulfillment and change of labor contract, termination and dissolution of labor contracts, part - time employment, employment of retirees and probationary contracts.

  3. SERVICE HANDBOOK FOR THE DESKTOP SUPPORT CONTRACT WIH IT DIVISION

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    A Desktop Support Contract has been running since January 1999 to offer help to all users at CERN with problems that occur with their desktop computers. The contract is run conjointly by the Swedish Company WM-data and the Swiss company DCS.The contract is comprised of the Computing Helpdesk, a General Service for all parts of CERN and also Local Service for those divisions and groups that want faster response times and additional help with their specific computer environment.In order to describe what services are being offered, and also to give a better understanding of the structure of the contract, a Service Handbook has been created. The intended audience for the Service Handbook is everyone that is using the contract, i.e. users, managers and also the service staff inside the contract. In the handbook you will find what help you can get from the contract, how to get in touch with the contract, and also what response times you can expect. Since the computer environment at CERN is a never-changing entity, ...

  4. According to the Views of Non-contracted Teachers' Evaluation of the Employment of Non-contracted Employed in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat TUNCER

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In this research, we researched opinions of teachers employed under applications for contracted and paid teachers regarding this form of employment. Within this context, management of school where they serve, their communication with teachers and students were discussed in addition to metaphors created by teachers for non-contracted teacher applications and attitudes of administrative personnel serving in the Ministry of Education Provincial and District organizations towards these teachers were dealt with. Main framework of the research is formed by findings obtained from 53 teachers serving under non-contracted teacher applications in 16 different cities. Significant results were obtained regarding non-contracted teachers application through qualitative analysis of this data. Some of the results obtained include definition of applications of noncontracted teachers with metaphors such as “Slavery”, “Exploitation”, their expression to the effect that school management and permanent teachers keep them at a distance, negative attitudes of employees in Ministry of Education organizations

  5. Outsourcing in public health: a case study of contract failure and its aftermath.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Suzanne

    2008-01-01

    Outsourcing has been used in Australia as part of the new public management agenda with the aim of increasing efficiency and decreasing costs. In the public health sector its use has been problematic and the purpose of this paper is to explore the largest Australian health contract at the time; investigating the reasons, the processes and the outcomes. Specifically, it investigates why the contract failed and the lessons to be learned from its subsequent awarding. The paper uses a case study approach to investigate in depth the outsourcing decision. Alongside savings in costs, changes to work practices and reduction in union power, it was found that the outsourcing contract produced problems with service quality, sharing of culture, relationships between contract and internal staff, and in managing the contract and staff; and reductions in trust and morale of both internal and contract staff. Inadequate contract specifications and subsequent under pricing was the cause of contract termination, poor quality, and difficulties in contract management. The paper provides important lessons for decision makers when outsourcing in public health. The paper investigates the largest outsourcing contract in public health in Australia in the 1990s. It investigates the failure of the initial contract and its subsequent awarding to another vendor. The case study approach provides an in-depth analysis of this decision.

  6. Some ancestors of contraction analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jouffroy, Jerome

    2005-01-01

    Contraction analysis is a recent tool for analyzing the convergence behavior of nonlinear systems in state-space form (see Lohmiller and Slotine [16] for the main reference). However, it seems that earlier results derived by mathematicians in the 1950s closely match some of the results of contrac...... of contraction analysis. In this paper, we review and place into perspective some references of this era, and relate them with contraction....

  7. Multilevel Contracts for Trusted Components

    CERN Document Server

    Messabihi, Mohamed; Attiogbé, Christian; 10.4204/EPTCS.37.6

    2010-01-01

    This article contributes to the design and the verification of trusted components and services. The contracts are declined at several levels to cover then different facets, such as component consistency, compatibility or correctness. The article introduces multilevel contracts and a design+verification process for handling and analysing these contracts in component models. The approach is implemented with the COSTO platform that supports the Kmelia component model. A case study illustrates the overall approach.

  8. Methodological remarks on contraction theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jouffroy, Jerome; Slotine, Jean-Jacques E.

    Because contraction analysis stems from a differential and incremental framework, the nature and methodology of contraction-based proofs are significantly different from those of their Lyapunov-based counterparts. This paper specifically studies this issue, and illustrates it by revisiting some...... classical examples traditionally addressed using Lyapunov theory. Even in these cases, contraction tools can often yield significantly simplified analysis. The examples include adaptive control, robotics, and a proof of convergence of the deterministic Extended Kalman Filter....

  9. Forthcoming indefinite contract review procedure

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Department

    2011-01-01

    The vacancy notices for posts opened with a view to the award of an indefinite contract will be published in early April 2011. In the meantime, the list of posts to be opened this spring is available at the following address: Indefinite contract posts - spring 2011 A second exercise will take place in autumn 2011 and, as of 2012, the indefinite contract award procedure will only be held once a year, in autumn. For more information please consult: https://hr-recruit.web.cern.ch/hr-recruit/staff/IndefiniteContracts.asp  

  10. Work and minor work contracts

    CERN Document Server

    1999-01-01

    The Work and Minor Work contracts are all of the result-oriented type. The work is specified by CERN and the contractor is given full responsibility for its performance. The contracts are thus very similar to supply contracts. The re-tendering of the existing contracts is almost complete, except for some building maintenance contracts. A new cycle of re-tendering for some activities will be launched in the next twelve months. The total estimated expenditure in the year 2000 for the contracts referred to in this document is 27 750 000 Swiss francs at 1999 prices. The Finance Committee is invited: - to approve the proposed expenditure for the extension of contracts for which the estimated amount for the year 2000 exceeds 750 000 Swiss francs, namely those under references 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9 and 23, highlighted in Table I; - to take note that all Work and Minor Work contracts have been tendered since 1 January 1994, except the small contracts shown under references 12 and 16 in Table I; - to take note that the ...

  11. Uterine Contraction Modeling and Simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Miao; Belfore, Lee A.; Shen, Yuzhong; Scerbo, Mark W.

    2010-01-01

    Building a training system for medical personnel to properly interpret fetal heart rate tracing requires developing accurate models that can relate various signal patterns to certain pathologies. In addition to modeling the fetal heart rate signal itself, the change of uterine pressure that bears strong relation to fetal heart rate and provides indications of maternal and fetal status should also be considered. In this work, we have developed a group of parametric models to simulate uterine contractions during labor and delivery. Through analysis of real patient records, we propose to model uterine contraction signals by three major components: regular contractions, impulsive noise caused by fetal movements, and low amplitude noise invoked by maternal breathing and measuring apparatus. The regular contractions are modeled by an asymmetric generalized Gaussian function and least squares estimation is used to compute the parameter values of the asymmetric generalized Gaussian function based on uterine contractions of real patients. Regular contractions are detected based on thresholding and derivative analysis of uterine contractions. Impulsive noise caused by fetal movements and low amplitude noise by maternal breathing and measuring apparatus are modeled by rational polynomial functions and Perlin noise, respectively. Experiment results show the synthesized uterine contractions can mimic the real uterine contractions realistically, demonstrating the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.

  12. URGENSI STUDI TENTANG PROCUREMENT CONTRACT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yohanes Sogar Simamora

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Contractualization is kind of goverment activity in acquiring goods, services and infrastructure as well. Procurement contract has several important function especially in enhancing economic development in a state. In Indonesia, this kind of contract also has function in empowering micro economic scale. Since the aim of procurement study is to provide equal protection between public fund interest in one hand and privat sector in the other hand, general principle of contract law must be taken into consideration together with transparency as the most important principle in government contract.

  13. Expansionary fiscal contractions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergman, Ulf Michael; Hutchison, Michael

    2010-01-01

    The Expansionary Fiscal Contraction (EFC) hypothesis predicts that a major fiscal consolidation leads to an economic expansion under certain circumstances. We test this hypothesis, and the implied non-linear responses of the economy to large and small changes in fiscal policy, using data from...... the 1983 Danish fiscal reform. We use a structural VAR/event study methodology following Blanchard and Perotti (2002) that explicitly allows us to distinguish between normally marginal changes in fiscal policy and comprehensive fiscal reforms. We find that 'marginal changes' in fiscal policy (expenditure...... and tax changes) have the expected Keynesian effects on output and consumption. However, we find no evidence that the large fiscal consolidation in Denmark slowed the economy after controlling for a host of exogenous shocks and business cycle effects. Rather, we find some support for the hypothesis...

  14. Contract Negotiations Supported Through Risk Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigues, Sérgio A.; Vaz, Marco A.; Souza, Jano M.

    Many clients often view software as a commodity; then, it is critical that IT sellers know how to create value into their offering to differentiate their service from all the others. Clients sometimes refuse to contract software development due to lack of technical understanding or simply because they are afraid of IT contractual commitments. The IT negotiators who recognize the importance of this issue and the reason why it is a problem will be able to work to reach the commercial terms they want. Therefore, this chapter aims to stimulate IT professionals to improve their negotiation skills and presents a computational tool to support managers to get the best out of software negotiations through the identification of contract risks.

  15. Contract 98 Self-Assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-04-01

    This report documents the results of LBL`s Self-Assessment required by Appendix F to Contract DE ACOO3765F00098. This self assessment covers the performance measures set forth in Appendix F except those requiring an external audit. The performance measures for LBL are in the areas of ES&H Finance, Human Services and Procurement and Property. LBL is a multi-program laboratory operated by the University of California (UC) for DOE. The mission of LBL includes performing research in energy, general, and life sciences. LBL facilities include the main site on 130 acres located in the cities of Berkeley and Oakland; laboratories and offices located in buildings on the UC Berkeley Campus; and three leased buildings in the cities of Berkeley and Emeryville. 1. Involvement of Line Management in the assessment process to provide awareness and ownership. 2. Using existing assessments, audits and appraisals in lieu of a new assessment wherever possible. 3. Conduct of the assessments by individuals with functional responsibility and knowledge of the areas being assessed. 4. Interaction with individuals performing assessments at other Laboratories to enhance our learning process. As anticipated, a number of findings will require corrective action. General corrective actions are identified for key findings in this report. In early May 1993, this Laboratory will begin the development of detailed formal corrective action plans which will be entered into a laboratory automated corrective action tracking system.

  16. eBee无人机在农村土地承包经营权确权工作中的应用%Application of the eBee UAV in the Rural Land Contract and Management Rights to Determine the Power

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑士科; 成龙辉

    2015-01-01

    The right of rural land contract management right to determine the power of registration is a national plan to protect the rights of farmers' land contract, the protection of land transfer transaction security, improves the rural land contract management system's basic work, with a number of significance. Combined with the practical application of the project, this paper introduces the application of eBee UAV low altitude photography in this work, and discusses the advantages and disadvantages of eBee UAV in this field.%农村土地承包经营权确权登记是国家部署的一项保护农民土地承包经营权、保障土地流转交易安全、完善农村土地承包经营制度的基础性工作,具有多方面的意义.结合项目实际使用,介绍了eBee无人机低空摄影在此次工作中的应用情况,并论述了eBee无人机在此领域里的优势和不足.

  17. The Relationship between the Employment Contract and other Civil Contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Răzvan Radu Popescu

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The employment relationship is a contractual one and as such must have all the basic elements of an enforceable contract to make it legally binding. In strict contractual terms, the offer is made by the employer and formally accepted by the employee. Once the acceptance has taken place, there is a legally binding agreement and an action will lie against the party who breaches that agreement, even though it may only just have come into existence. An employment contract, however, is unlike most other contracts. Although the parties will have negotiated the main terms, we shall see that a large number of terms will be implied into the agreement from all sorts of different sources and will not have been individually negotiated by the parties at all. This is what makes an employment contract so different from other contracts. We think this article is an important step in the disclosure of the problem eraised by these two concepts.

  18. 从社会管理到社会治理:契约精神与协商政治%From Social Management to Social Governance The Spirit of Contract and the Political Consultation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗哲; 赵林

    2014-01-01

    当前严峻的经济形势和发展的历史遗留问题迫切要求我们转变思路,变社会管理为社会治理。当前,民众的需求已经迈向马斯洛需求层次的“归属与爱、自尊和自我实现”的高级层次,建设民生政府是群众的新期盼。这就要求政府把一部分社会职能还给社会,政府要专注于提供公共服务,维护竞争环境。社会组织充分发展并能够协助政府承担部分职能的时候,就是国家新的社会治理结构形成之时。%Based on the review of the development of the spirit of contract this paper analyzes the current difficulties and problems in China's course of development and it is deemed that the current severe economic situation and the problems of development left over by history urgently require us to change ideas and to move from social management to social governance.At present the needs of the people have turned to Maslow's senior level of hierarchy of needs that is love and belonging esteem and self-actualization and the construction of the government concerning about the livelihood of the people is the new hope of the masses.It requires the government to return a part of social functions to the society and the government should focus on the provision of public services and the maintenance of the competitive environment.On this basis this paper presents some policy proposals for the development of the social organization mainly from the aspects of the growth of society and social spontaneity.When the social organizations have full development and can take partial functions of the government the new structure of the social governance of the country is formed.

  19. HOW EGYPTIAN CONTRACTING COMPANIES TRANSLATE PROJECTS' QUALITY TO PROJECTS' PERFORMANCE

    OpenAIRE

    Said SHAWKY HOZIEN; REFAAT HASSAN ABDEL-RAZEK; ADEL AHMED EL-KORDI; SHAFIK SHAWKY KHOURY

    2011-01-01

    A model for continuous quality improvement for Egyptian contracting projects’ (CQIM) is developed through the extensive reviewing of the Total Quality Management (TQM), Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI)literature, preceding researches, consensus opinions of managers and experts of the construction industry and the quality management system (ISO 9000). This model comprises of 13 main factors divided into 9 CQI constructs and 4 Indices, the Indices are broken down to 46 practical measures, w...

  20. Contracted Advisory and Assistance Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    SERVICES TO BE FU 1 Personnel: a. Contract project m person must be thoroughly familia contracting officer and may help n the contractor and the...event of litigation, any ambiguities could inst the Government. rformance oriented . The SOW should tell the contractor what is to be ithout dictating

  1. CONTRACT ADMINISTRATIVE TRACKING SYSTEM (CATS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Contract Administrative Tracking System (CATS) was developed in response to an ORD NHEERL, Mid-Continent Ecology Division (MED)-recognized need for an automated tracking and retrieval system for Cost Reimbursable Level of Effort (CR/LOE) Contracts. CATS is an Oracle-based app...

  2. Neural control of lengthening contractions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duchateau, Jacques; Enoka, Roger M

    2016-01-01

    A number of studies over the last few decades have established that the control strategy employed by the nervous system during lengthening (eccentric) differs from those used during shortening (concentric) and isometric contractions. The purpose of this review is to summarize current knowledge on the neural control of lengthening contractions. After a brief discussion of methodological issues that can confound the comparison between lengthening and shortening actions, the review provides evidence that untrained individuals are usually unable to fully activate their muscles during a maximal lengthening contraction and that motor unit activity during submaximal lengthening actions differs from that during shortening actions. Contrary to common knowledge, however, more recent studies have found that the recruitment order of motor units is similar during submaximal shortening and lengthening contractions, but that discharge rate is systematically lower during lengthening actions. Subsequently, the review examines the mechanisms responsible for the specific control of maximal and submaximal lengthening contractions as reported by recent studies on the modulation of cortical and spinal excitability. As similar modulation has been observed regardless of contraction intensity, it appears that spinal and corticospinal excitability are reduced during lengthening compared with shortening and isometric contractions. Nonetheless, the modulation observed during lengthening contractions is mainly attributable to inhibition at the spinal level.

  3. CONTRACT ADMINISTRATIVE TRACKING SYSTEM (CATS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Contract Administrative Tracking System (CATS) was developed in response to an ORD NHEERL, Mid-Continent Ecology Division (MED)-recognized need for an automated tracking and retrieval system for Cost Reimbursable Level of Effort (CR/LOE) Contracts. CATS is an Oracle-based app...

  4. Pressure drop in contraction flow

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Henrik Koblitz

    This note is a supplement to Dynamic of Polymeric Liquids (DPL) page 178. DPL gives an equation for the pressure drop in a tapered (and circular) contraction, valid only at low angles. Here the general definition of contraction flow (the Bagley correction) and a more general method to find...

  5. Graded contractions of Virasoro algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Kostyakov, I V; Kuratov, V V

    2001-01-01

    We describe graded contractions of Virasoro algebra. The highest weight representations of Virasoro algebra are constructed. The reducibility of representations is analysed. In contrast to standart representations the contracted ones are reducible except some special cases. Moreover we find an exotic module with null-plane on fifth level.

  6. Choreography Synthesis as Contract Agreement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julien Lange

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available We propose a formal model for distributed systems, where each participant advertises its requirements and obligations as behavioural contracts, and where multiparty sessions are started when a set of contracts allows to synthesise a choreography. Our framework is based on the CO2 calculus for contract-oriented computing, and borrows concepts and results from the session type literature. It supports sessions where the number of participants is not determined beforehand, and keeps CO2's ability to rule out participants that are culpable if contracts are not fulfilled at runtime. We show that we have progress and session fidelity in CO2, as a result of the honesty of participants — i.e., their ability to always adhere to their contracts.

  7. Guidelines for cost control and analysis of cost-type research and development contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sibbers, C. W.

    1981-01-01

    The cost information which should be obtained from a contractor(s) on a major, cost type research and development contract(s), and the analyses and effective use of these data are discussed. Specific type(s) of information which should be required, methods for analyzing such information, and methods for effectively using the results of such analyses to enhance NASA contract and project management are included. The material presented is based primarily on the principal methods which have been effectively used in the management of major cost type research and development contracts.

  8. Conflict, Contract, Leadership and Innovation: An Interdisciplinary View

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto SERAVALLI

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The competitive market is able to regulate simple innovative processes. In those of a more complex nature whose principal players may belong to either the same or a different firm a different form of organization is required: one which coherently defines rules and resources designed to avoid, in conditions of uncertainty, tensions arising between the different players which prevent their coordination. In this essay, the hypothesis that such organizations require both contract and leadership will be presented and discussed. The contract is required to en-sure ex-post efficiency, avoiding wastage of resources, and ex-ante efficiency, i.e. mutual commitment between the different players in the innovative process. Leadership is required to progressively manage the conflicts that occur between contrasting visions of how best to proceed that emerge from different specializations, legitimized through a shared commitment. Notwithstanding such characterization, leadership may also not assume the same functions of contract. The contract may not be sufficient and require leadership, but strong leadership cannot replace contract. In such a case, there would be a risk of disengagement. An initial application of this simple model (leadership and contract seems encouraging against competing theories conceiving contract or leadership as sufficient conditions for innovation.

  9. INFINITY construction contract signed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Key state and community leaders celebrated April 6 with the signing of a construction contract for the state-of-the-art INFINITY Science Center planned near John C. Stennis Space Center in south Mississippi. Gulfport Mayor George Schloegel (l to r), chair of non-profit INFINITY Science Center Inc., was joined for the signing ceremony at the Hancock Bank in Gulfport by Virginia Wagner, sister of late Hancock Bank President Leo Seal Jr.; and Roy Anderson III, president and CEO of Roy Anderson Corp. Seal was the first chair of INFINITY Science Center Inc., which has led in development of the project. Roy Anderson Corp. plans to begin construction on the 72,000-square-foot, $28 million science and education center in May. The Mississippi Department of Transportation (MDOT) also is set to begin construction of a $2 million access road to the new center. The April 6 ceremony was attended by numerous officials, including former Stennis Space Center Directors Jerry Hlass and Roy Estess; Mississippi Senate President Pro Tempore Billy Hewes, R-Gulfport; Mississippi Rep. Diane Peranich, D-Pass Christian; and MDOT Southern District Commissioner Wayne Brown.

  10. Circulation of Land Management Right in Rural Area——Take Anxi County “developing the contracted management right of tea garden as cooperative partnership by evaluation” as an example%创新机制 加快农村土地经营权流转——安溪县茶园承包经营权作价出资农民专业合作社的实践与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑文谦; 林端庄

    2012-01-01

    随着农村经济发展和农村土地流转制度的不断改革和完善,土地流转经营形式日趋多样化.安溪县推出茶园承包经营权作价入股合作社,在泉州市率先突破农民专业合作社出资方式限制,对完善泉州市土地流转制度作出新的探索.文章以安溪县茶园承包经营权作价入股农民专业合作社为例,通过该县茶园作价入股现状、问题进行研究,探讨农村土地承包经营权入股进一步规范发展的对策与途径.%With the development of the rural economy and the reform and perfection of rural land circulation system,management forms of land circulation have become diversified.Anxi county developed the contracted management right of tea garden as cooperative partnership by evaluation.It broke through the investment modes of farmer specialty cooperative organization in Quanzhou,and made exploration to improve the system of land circulation.Taking Anxi county "developing the contracted management right of tea garden as cooperative partnership by evaluation" as example,the paper studies the status and problems,and explores the countermeasure and ways of regulating the development of rural land contracting management right as shares.

  11. 48 CFR 16.307 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... the clause at 52.216-8, Fixed Fee, in solicitations and contracts when a cost-plus-fixed-fee contract... at 52.216-9, Fixed-Fee—Construction, in solicitations and contracts when a cost-plus-fixed-fee..., Incentive Fee, in solicitations and contracts when a cost-plus-incentive-fee contract is contemplated. (e)(1...

  12. 40 CFR 35.970 - Contract enforcement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.970 Contract... the enforcement of such contracts, including contract disputes which are the subject of either... technical or legal involvement in any contract dispute will not make EPA a party to any contract entered...

  13. 48 CFR 970.5222-2 - Overtime management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Overtime management. 970... SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS Solicitation Provisions and Contract Clauses for Management and Operating Contracts 970.5222-2 Overtime management. As prescribed in 970.2201-2-2...

  14. Contracting Out and Organizational Learning in the Public Sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholst, Christian; Hansen, Morten Balle; Nielsen, Jeppe Agger

    organizational learning in the public sector. We review the scarce literature and elaborate a set of hypotheses concerning how different ways to organize contracting out may be related to organizational learning. Empirically we test these hypotheses on the case of contracting out technical services (park...... and how engagements between private and public organizations may lead to improvements in the public sector as a result of organizational learning. In this study, we propose and test the main hypothesis that engagements with private organizations through the use of contracting out facilitates......- and road maintenance) in local governments in Denmark, England, Norway and Sweden. We find that contracting out tends to enhance organizational learning in public organizations. Our findings also suggest variation in the impact depending on different ways of organizing and managing contractual relations...

  15. A longitudinal perspective on health plan-provider risk contracting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurley, Robert; Grossman, Joy; Lake, Timothy; Casalino, Lawrence

    2002-01-01

    During the past decade many health plans adopted risk-contracting arrangements that transferred substantial financial risk and care management responsibility to physician groups and hospital-sponsored integrated delivery systems. Risk transfer arrangements are now believed to be in steep decline, but there is little empirical evidence on this topic, particularly at the local-market level. Data from the Community Tracking Study were used to examine changes in risk contracting from 1996 to 2000. A decline in reliance on risk contracting is evident in nearly all markets. However, retrenchment in risk contracting has followed different patterns ranging from refinements in the scope of risk transfer to reduced use of risk arrangements to total rejection of risk-sharing arrangements. Modified risk-transfer agreements remain viable in several markets, but continued refinement in the nature and scope of risk sharing will be necessary.

  16. Food and drink serving contract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veselinović Janko

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Food and drink catering service is almost as old as the civilization itself. Even though this vocation is a part of the catering activity, Serbian law does not foresee this contract section as personalized. Key legal sources for this kind of contract are business customs. Food and drink serving contract is a mixed-type contract and its legal nature is very interesting due to its complexity. Specific for this contract is the fact that it is not an ordinary service, but also an activity which requires a degree of culinary skills, knowledge of customs of other nations, as well as other skills. The very category of a good professional in business economy / hospitality industry is very dynamic, as it needs to be evaluated according to all given circumstances, which may be rather unpredictable. By considering the legal nature, but also the rights and obligations of the contracting parties, we tried to point to the questions that require a special attention. Legal sources that indirectly refer to food and drink serving contracts were taken into account. Apart from the Law on Obligatory Relations, we also considered here the Law on Tourism also pointing to the comparative law and jurisprudence.

  17. Micro and small firms contracted the works of third sector contracting and public

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Juliano Silva

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In a scenario of successive changes, we are faced today with a "new" State of design (First Sector subsidiary and developer, embracing new contracting models, involving private non-profit institutions (Third Sector ahead of social services relevance (health, education, technology, among others. To comply with the obligations entered into with the public entity (end-obligations, this Third Sector performs hires (to perform their half-bonds with the second sector (market, where they operate Micro and Small Businesses. This study aims a reflective look at these contracts, usually the result of simplified bidding process in order to verify their specificities and whether they take place in compliance with the prerogatives and differential treatment meted especially those business companies (art. 170, X, SC / 1988. In this endeavor, it was decided, besides a literature review by an investigative approach from the point of view of three different social organizations that have management contracts in health care with public entities and therefore have signed contracts with ME and EPP for the fulfillment of their obligations to the government.      

  18. Beyond the Psychological Contract: Ideology and the Economic Social Contract

    OpenAIRE

    Watson, George W.

    1997-01-01

    By combining normative philosophy and empirical social science, I craft a research framework for assessing differential expectations of economic justice within the economic social contract of the United States. I argue that distinct viewsof such a contract grounded in the tradition of individualism and communitarianism manifest in people's judgments about economic justice. We empirically test these hypotheses on a sample of 270 subjects, finding broad suppo...

  19. Contracting With the Enemy: The Contracting Officer’s Dilemma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    some cases, local national contractors are given priority in competition for contracts as a means of stimulating and rebuilding the local economy . A...contracts as a means of stimulating and rebuilding the local economy . A major risk associated with using local national contractors in contingency...support (OCS) has created greater economies of force for joint force commanders (JFCs) as a greater percentage of the troops deployed to contingency

  20. Contract Design, Supply Chain Complexity, and Accountability in Federal Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-30

    limitations is coded 1 if the contract is a set aside (e.g., small business, economically disadvantaged business owned by women or veterans, disabled veteran...Contracts Adam Eckerd, Assistant Professor, University of Tennessee Amanda Girth, Assistant Professor, The Ohio State University Published April 30... University of Tennessee Amanda Girth, Assistant Professor, The Ohio State University An Approach for Modeling Supplier Resilience Kash Barker, Associate

  1. On CNC Commuting Contractive Tuples

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    T Bhattacharyya; J Eschmeier; J Sarkar

    2006-08-01

    The characteristic function has been an important tool for studying completely non-unitary contractions on Hilbert spaces. In this note, we consider completely non-coisometric contractive tuples of commuting operators on a Hilbert space $\\mathcal{H}$. We show that the characteristic function, which is now an operator-valued analytic function on the open Euclidean unit ball in $\\mathbb{C}^n$, is a complete unitary invariant for such a tuple. We prove that the characteristic function satisfies a natural transformation law under biholomorphic mappings of the unit ball. We also characterize all operator-valued analytic functions which arise as characteristic functions of pure commuting contractive tuples.

  2. Induced Institutional Transition of Contract Farming in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    This article describes the process of institutional transition of contract farming in Shandong Province. The changes in preparatory stage of contract farming express in: One, the information asymmetry of the two sides of the contract is reducing; Two, the security system of contract farming tends to be perfection; Three, the organizational form of contract farming tends to be simplification. The measures taken in production stage of agricultural product are as follows: The first is investment in means of production; The second is perfection of field management; The third is soundness of quality test. The measures taken in purchase stage of agricultural product are as follows: First, product is developing from preliminary working to intensive processing; Second, leading enterprises develop to large-scale and standard. The changes in profit distribution stage of contract farming are as follows: First, the profit relationship between enterprises and peasant households turns from opposition to mutual benefit. Second, the means of default issues turn from emotional self-discipline to rational self-discipline. Performance of contract farming is analyzed: First is putting forward the transformation of agricultural operational form; Second is reducing the uncertainty; Third is truly realizing the risk sharing and participation of interest. The defect of institutional transition of contract farming is discussed: First is no longer the operational form that benefits many farmers; Second is still the typically incomplete contract; Third is expansion of capability gap of business game between leading enterprises and farmers; Fourth is the still existence of information asymmetry; Fifth is informal institution falling behind formal institutional arrangement. The corresponding countermeasures are put forward: First is developing professional cooperation; Second is completing land circulation system; Third is constructing honest information system; Fourth is building social

  3. When your contract manufacturer becomes your competitor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arruñda, Benito; Vázquez, Xosé H

    2006-09-01

    PC maker Lenovo started out as a distributor of equipment made by IBM and other companies; now it has formed a joint venture with IBM and will eventually affix its own logo to its computers. Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation (SAIC) started out manufacturing vehicles for Volkswagen and GM; now it's preparing to sell its own cars in China, Europe, and North America. Lenovo and SAIC represent a host of formerly anonymous makers of brand-name products that are breaking out of their defined roles and pushing the brands themselves aside. In this article, the authors explore the double-edged relationships original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) forge with their contract manufacturers (CMs). On the one hand, an OEM can reduce its labor costs, free up capital, and improve worker productivity by outsourcing all the manufacturing of a product. The company can then concentrate on value-adding activities--research and development, product design, and marketing, for instance. On the other hand, an OEM that retains a contract manufacturer may find itself immersed in a melodrama replete with promiscuity (the ambitious CM pursues liaisons with other OEMs), infidelity (the OEM's retailers and distributors shift their business to the upstart CM), and betrayal (the brazen CM transmits the OEM's intellectual property to the OEM's rivals or keeps it for itself when the contract is up). OEMs cannot simply terminate their outsourcing arrangements--they need contract manufacturers in order to keep specializing, adding value, and staying competitive. But OEMs can manage these relationships so that they don't become weak or the CMs too strong. Doing so requires modesty about revealing trade secrets; caution about whom one consorts with; and a judicious degree of intimacy, loyalty, and generosity toward partners and customers.

  4. 77 FR 76091 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-26

    ... an expired International Business Reply Service (IBRS) competitive contract.\\1\\ The Postal Service... history. The Commission added International Business Reply Service Contract 1 to the competitive product... International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission...

  5. 78 FR 11699 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    ... entered into an additional International Business Reply Service (IBRS) Competitive Contract 3 negotiated... Equivalent International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 3 Negotiated Service Agreement, February...-24), Order No. 684, Order Approving International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract...

  6. Utility Energy Services Contracts: Enabling Documents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2009-05-01

    Utility Energy Services Contracts: Enabling Documents provides materials that clarify the authority for Federal agencies to enter into utility energy services contracts (UESCs), as well as sample documents and resources to ease utility partnership contracting.

  7. 48 CFR 42.1305 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION AND AUDIT SERVICES Suspension of Work, Stop-Work Orders, and Government Delay of..., Government Delay of Work, in solicitations and contracts when a fixed-price contract is contemplated for...

  8. 77 FR 54937 - International Mail Postal Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ... (2) asks the Commission to include the new contract within the International Business Reply Service... Functionally Equivalent International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 3 Negotiated Settlement... COMMISSION International Mail Postal Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice....

  9. 40 CFR 35.4235 - Are there specific provisions my group's contract(s) must contain?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) Suspension and Debarment; (g) The following clauses from 40 CFR 30.48: (1) Remedies for breaches of contract...'s contract(s) must contain? 35.4235 Section 35.4235 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... provisions my group's contract(s) must contain? Your group must include the following provisions in each...

  10. BUYER-SELLER RELATIONSHIP MANAGEMENT IN STRUCTURED CONTRACTS ENVIRONMENTS: A CASE STUDY IN A MULTINATIONAL FIRM GESTIÓN DE RELACIONAMIENTO COMPRADOR-PROVEEDOR EN AMBIENTES CON CONTRATOS ESTRUCTURADOS: EL CASO DE UNA GRAN MULTINACIONAL GESTÃO DO RELACIONAMENTO COMPRADOR-FORNECEDOR EM AMBIENTES COM CONTRATOS ESTRUTURADOS: O CASO DE UMA GRANDE MULTINACIONAL

    OpenAIRE

    Felipe Pagiola de Oliveira; Helio Zanquetto Filho

    2013-01-01

    The article objective is to analyze the relationships between buyers and sellers in organizational environments where structured contracts are used, more specifically when it is used to ruled relational aspects in these relationships.  The focus of this analysis was a big multinational company and its suppliers. Five relationships were selected, and three categories were chosen by which was structured the interviews script, to be applied to eleven managers. The results had shown that there is...

  11. Contracts, Performance Measurement and Accountability in the Public Sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drewry, Gavin; Greve, Carsten; Tanquerel, Thierry

    This book addresses issues to do with public accountability, audit and performance measurement that are both highly topical and of crucial importance to the theory and practice of public administration in an era of contractualized public management. The literature on public sector contracting...... of audit and accountability in a variety of countries and contexts; the third part offers some wider, cross-cutting perspectives. Based on the work of the EGPA permanent study group on the history of contractualization, Contracts, Performance Measurement and Accountability in the Public Sector draws upon...... - covering both 'hard' agreements (ones that are legally enforceable) and 'soft' agreements (enforced by negotiation and mutual trust) - has been growing for some time and the present book adds a primarily European perspective on contracting, performance-based management and accountability. One important...

  12. Framework for Structuring Procurement Contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lena Borg

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to propose a new framework for structuring contract types and payment methods. Concerning procurement contracts, the first important new feature of this framework is a stepwise structure with three main steps in the contract design: (1 what will be procured—should the contract only include construction, or should it include both construction and operation/maintenance (2 who will do the detailed design of the premise and (3 how many contractors will the client use? The second important new feature of this framework is that both step 2 and step 3 include a continuum of alternatives. Concerning payment methods, the new framework is primarily based on how the specific risks of the project are shared. These frameworks can be useful for policy formulation in that they can help to avoid some problematic ways of formulating policies.

  13. Principles of European Contract Law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lando, Ole; Beale, Hugh

    This text provides a comprehensive guide to the principles of European contract law. They have been drawn up by an independent body of experts from each Member State of the EU, under a project supported by the European Commission and many other organizations. The principles are stated in the form...... of articles, with a detailed commentary explaining the purpose and operation of each article and its relation to the remainder. Each article also has extensive comparative notes surveying the national laws and other international provisions on the topic. "The Principles of European Contract Law Parts I &...... in developing a common European legal culture. The European Parliament has twice called for the creation of a European Civil Code. The principles of European contract law are essential steps in these projects. This text provides a comprehensive guide to the Principles of European contract law. They have been...

  14. Principles of European Contract Law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lando, Ole; Beale, Hugh

    This text provides a comprehensive guide to the principles of European contract law. They have been drawn up by an independent body of experts from each Member State of the EU, under a project supported by the European Commission and many other organizations. The principles are stated in the form...... of articles, with a detailed commentary explaining the purpose and operation of each article and its relation to the remainder. Each article also has extensive comparative notes surveying the national laws and other international provisions on the topic. "The Principles of European Contract Law Parts I &...... in developing a common European legal culture. The European Parliament has twice called for the creation of a European Civil Code. The principles of European contract law are essential steps in these projects. This text provides a comprehensive guide to the Principles of European contract law. They have been...

  15. A Note on Asymptotic Contractions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Arav

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available We provide sufficient conditions for the iterates of an asymptotic contraction on a complete metric space X to converge to its unique fixed point, uniformly on each bounded subset of X.

  16. A Note on Asymptotic Contractions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Castillo Santos Francisco Eduardo

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available We provide sufficient conditions for the iterates of an asymptotic contraction on a complete metric space to converge to its unique fixed point, uniformly on each bounded subset of .

  17. Multifamily Assistance Section 8 Contracts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — he information regarding the Multifamily Assistance and Section 8 contracts, and properties is being furnished for the convenience of interested parties. The...

  18. Next Indefinite Contract review exercise

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    Dear Colleagues, We are pleased to inform you that the 2013 LD2IC exercise (selection process for the conversion of limited-duration contracts to indefinite contracts) was officially launched last week.  The vacancy notices for posts opened with a view to the award of indefinite contracts will be published on 9 August 2013 for a period of four weeks (until 8 September 2013). The CERN Contract Review Boards (candidate interviews) will be held between the end of September and mid-November. The LD to IC procedure, Frequently Asked Questions and a calendar for the exercise are now available in the Admin e-guide. In addition, general information sessions on the procedure will be organised for candidates on the following dates: Information on the location of these sessions will be provided in due course on the CERN announcements page. HR Department

  19. Bounded contractions for affine buildings

    OpenAIRE

    Bestvina, Mladen; Savin, Gordan

    2017-01-01

    We consider affine buildings with refined chamber structure. For each vertex in the refined chamber structure we construct a contraction, based at the vertex, that is used to prove exactness of Schneider-Stuhler resolutions of arbitrary depth.

  20. Contract Mining versus Owner Mining

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Owner

    The principles of contracting depend largely on the business outcomes .... North America tied with 15% each while Asia and .... as exploration, processing and marketing the final product .... in Ghana: Growth, Impact and Perspectives”,. Speech ...

  1. Next Indefinite Contract review exercise

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    Dear Colleagues, We are pleased to inform you that the 2013 LD2IC exercise (selection process for the conversion of limited-duration contracts to indefinite contracts) was officially launched last week.  The vacancy notices for posts opened with a view to the award of indefinite contracts will be published on 9 August 2013 for a period of four weeks (until 8 September 2013). The CERN Contract Review Boards (candidate interviews) will be held between the end of September and mid-November. The LD to IC procedure, Frequently Asked Questions and a calendar for the exercise are now available in the Admin e-guide. In addition, general information sessions on the procedure will be organised for candidates on the following dates: Information on the location of these sessions will be provided in due course on the CERN announcements page. HR Department

  2. US Forest Service Stewardship Contracting

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Forest Service, Department of Agriculture — A map service on the www depicting the locations of activities within the Stewardship Contracting Project Boundary. Activities are implemented through stewardship...

  3. Deliberating A Contract Type Based Risk Mitigation Strategy For South African Defense Acquisitions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    certainty and risk. The strategy will provide for each particular phase of the acquisition process a recommended contract-type, either cost ...commissioning phase as technology, cost and schedule risks are low . This is in line with the proposed contract strategy in Figure 10...possibility of applying a contract-type based strategy to manage acquisition program costs and schedule risks for the South African (SA) Department of

  4. Contracting Processes, Internal Controls, and Procurement Fraud: A Knowledge Assessment (Briefing Charts)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-01

    Contracting Processes, Internal Controls, and Procurement Fraud : A Knowledge Assessment Juanita M. Rendon Rene G. Rendon Report...TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2015 to 00-00-2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Contracting Processes, Internal Controls, and Procurement Fraud : A...DoD, 2009, 2015) • DoD contract management deficiencies result in higher level of vulnerability for procurement fraud 4 Background

  5. Deepening Contractions and Collateral Constraints

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Henrik; Ravn, Søren Hove; Santoro, Emiliano

    on the differential impact that occasionally non-binding constraints exert on the shape of expansions and contractions, we are also able to reconcile a more negatively skewed business cycle with a moderation in its volatility. Finally, our model can account for an intrinsic feature of economic downturns preceded...... by private credit build-ups: Financially driven expansions lead to deeper contractions, as compared to equally-sized non-financial expansions....

  6. Advanced Contract Administration. Second Week

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-04-14

    character education that we prepare for our children by demonstrating to the young people who join us in the adult world that we believe in and...5300.4(IB), except for off-the-shelf items. TABLE 46-1 CONTRACT QUALITY REQUIREMENTS GUIDE I.term Type of Contract Technical Decription Complexity...do is to teach our young to be virtuous." Throughout most of our history, certain basic, high ethical values were considered fundamental to the

  7. Contract grading in clinical evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoolcraft, V; Delaney, C

    1982-01-01

    The use of contracts in grading clinical performance has provided faculty with a solution to two important problems. One has been how to ensure that students are graded consistently among the various faculty who are grading the same clinical component of a course. The second has been to increase the opportunity for individualized attention to student learning needs. We have been pleased to see all the faculty members increase their input and involvement in the continuing modifications of the contract. Although we have taken the major responsibility for the semi-annual revisions of the contract, other faculty members have been increasingly more explicit in their evaluations and suggestions as their experience with the contract has expanded. Their confidence in this method of clinical evaluation has increased with each semester of use. We plan to continue in the refinement of the instrument and will develop materials for the use of other faculty groups who are interested in developing similar contracts. We are also designing a survey to attempt to discover how widespread is the use of contract grading in clinical areas.

  8. 48 CFR 22.101-2 - Contract pricing and administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... therefore may have an impact on the allowability of costs for cost-reimbursement contracts or for... costs such as rent and depreciation), but because of reduced production, their proportion of the unit... not included in labor-management agreements, are not acceptable bases for allowing costs in...

  9. Contract Teamwork: A Way Out of the Ivory Tower.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMillan, Sally J.

    How can teamwork be implemented effectively in university-level advertising classrooms? This paper reviews literature on the nature, structure, and function of teams and processes for managing teamwork. Based on this literature, an innovative approach to contract teamwork is introduced for use in an entry-level graduate course on integrated…

  10. Defining and Measuring the Success of Service Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    how to meet the objectives of the service contract. Pertinent activities include conducting advertising to identify new sources and compiling a list...and Air Force. Acquisition Research Journal, 12(1), 3–32. Sekhar, G. V. (2010). Business policy and strategic management. Uphaar Cinema Market

  11. 41 CFR 60-2.30 - Corporate management compliance evaluations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Relating to Public Contracts OFFICE OF FEDERAL CONTRACT COMPLIANCE PROGRAMS, EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 2-AFFIRMATIVE ACTION PROGRAMS Miscellaneous § 60-2.30 Corporate management compliance evaluations. (a) Purpose. Corporate Management Compliance Evaluations are designed to ascertain...

  12. Wartime Construction Project Outcomes as a Function of Contract Type

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-01

    Deegan, Freeman, & Sargand, 2011; cf. Tawazuh Commercial and Construction Co. Ltd. v. United States, 2011), a remote and problematic supply chain ...the firm-fixed-price (FFP) norm. Using a dataset of 25 wartime construction projects managed by the Air Force Civil Engineer Center, the authors...projects in wartime environments. Keywords: firm-fixed-price, cost-plus-fixed-fee, Afghanistan, construction management , contract structure 332 Defense ARJ

  13. A SIMULATION OF CONTRACT FARMING USING AGENT BASED MODELING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuanita Handayati

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to simulate the effects of contract farming and farmer commitment to contract farming on supply chain performance by using agent based modeling as a methodology. Supply chain performance is represented by profits and service levels. The simulation results indicate that farmers should pay attention to customer requirements and plan their agricultural activities in order to fulfill these requirements. Contract farming helps farmers deal with demand and price uncertainties. We also find that farmer commitment is crucial to fulfilling contract requirements. This study contributes to this field from a conceptual as well as a practical point of view. From the conceptual point of view, our simulation results show that different levels of farmer commitment have an impact on farmer performance when implementing contract farming. From a practical point of view, the uncertainty faced by farmers and the market can be managed by implementing cultivation and harvesting scheduling, information sharing, and collective learning as ways of committing to contract farming.

  14. Phase Zero Operations for Contingency and Expeditionary Contracting-Keys to Fully Integrating Contracting into Operational Planning and Execution

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-02

    turnkey -ready contracts for support in the event that an actual crisis occurs. b. Meeting Tenets of War—In a Business Sense! The author contends...ar^qb=p`elli=lc=_rpfkbpp=C=mr_if`=mlif`v= = k^s^i=mlpqdo^ar^qb=p`elli= Financial Management Acquisitions via Leasing : MPS case Budget Scoring

  15. 25 CFR 900.128 - What funding shall the Secretary provide in a construction contract?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the contract proposal and supporting cost data; and (c) The costs associated with auditing the general and administrative costs of the tribal organization associated with the management of the construction... the risks associated with carrying out the contract, local market conditions, and other...

  16. 48 CFR 1652.232-70 - Payments-community-rated contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... contracts. 1652.232-70 Section 1652.232-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations System OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT FEDERAL EMPLOYEES HEALTH BENEFITS ACQUISITION REGULATION CLAUSES AND FORMS CONTRACT CLAUSES Texts... Carrier's demonstration project Contingency Reserve and then from the Employees Health Benefits Fund...

  17. 78 FR 35648 - Public Availability of FY 2012 Service Contract Inventories

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-13

    ... MANAGEMENT Public Availability of FY 2012 Service Contract Inventories AGENCY: U.S. Office of Personnel... to advise the public of the availability of the FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory. The information... inventory has been developed in accordance with guidance issued on November 5, 2010, by the Office...

  18. 48 CFR 46.707 - Pricing aspects of fixed-price incentive contract warranties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Pricing aspects of fixed-price incentive contract warranties. 46.707 Section 46.707 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Warranties 46.707 Pricing aspects...

  19. 48 CFR 915.404-4-70-6 - Contracts with educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... with educational institutions. In certain situations the DOE may contract with a university to manage... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contracts with educational institutions. 915.404-4-70-6 Section 915.404-4-70-6 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF...

  20. Decomposition of surface EMG signals from cyclic dynamic contractions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Luca, Carlo J; Chang, Shey-Sheen; Roy, Serge H; Kline, Joshua C; Nawab, S Hamid

    2015-03-15

    Over the past 3 decades, various algorithms used to decompose the electromyographic (EMG) signal into its constituent motor unit action potentials (MUAPs) have been reported. All are limited to decomposing EMG signals from isometric contraction. In this report, we describe a successful approach to decomposing the surface EMG (sEMG) signal collected from cyclic (repeated concentric and eccentric) dynamic contractions during flexion/extension of the elbow and during gait. The increased signal complexity introduced by the changing shapes of the MUAPs due to relative movement of the electrodes and the lengthening/shortening of muscle fibers was managed by an incremental approach to enhancing our established algorithm for decomposing sEMG signals obtained from isometric contractions. We used machine-learning algorithms and time-varying MUAP shape discrimination to decompose the sEMG signal from an increasingly challenging sequence of pseudostatic and dynamic contractions. The accuracy of the decomposition results was assessed by two verification methods that have been independently evaluated. The firing instances of the motor units had an accuracy of ∼90% with a MUAP train yield as high as 25. Preliminary observations from the performance of motor units during cyclic contractions indicate that during repetitive dynamic contractions, the control of motor units is governed by the same rules as those evidenced during isometric contractions. Modifications in the control properties of motoneuron firings reported by previous studies were not confirmed. Instead, our data demonstrate that the common drive and hierarchical recruitment of motor units are preserved during concentric and eccentric contractions.