WorldWideScience

Sample records for contract breeding management

  1. Breeding kennel management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullen, S

    1992-09-01

    Veterinarians and dog breeders should work together to establish protocols for health care and breeding management that are based on sound scientific principles as well as practical systems. These protocols should involve bitches, stud dogs, and puppies. Tantamount importance must be placed on record keeping so that problems may be identified and solved before they are irreversible.

  2. Beyond breeding area management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Lykke; Thorup, Kasper; Tøttrup, Anders P.

    Every year, billions of songbirds migrate thousands of kilometres between their European breeding grounds and African overwintering area. As migratory birds are dependent on resources at a number of sites varying in both space and time, they are likely to be more vulnerable to environmental change...... technological advances are currently enabling us to track yet smaller songbirds throughout their migration cycle providing valuable insight into the life cycle of individual birds. However, direct tracking of migratory birds has so far mainly been conducted on single populations and our understanding of entire...... and provide important information for conservation management of migratory birds....

  3. PROCUREMENT AND CONTRACT MANAGEMENT

    CERN Multimedia

    Training & Development Group; Linda Orr-Easo; Tel. 72460; Nathalie Dumeaux; Tel. 78144

    2001-01-01

    We are pleased to announce the launch of a new training on: Procurement and Contract Management (This seminar will be run by CERN experts in French or in English) Level 1 The aim is to raise awareness of the key issues involved. Date : 8 June 2001 This level is open to everyone. Participants should register via our Web page as soon as possible. Level 2 To develop the skills needed to effectively manage contracts, from the Technical, Commercial and Legal aspects. Dates : Three days, Autumn 2001 This Level is open to those who are/will be more directly responsible for procurement and contract management. Participants should have followed Level 1. For a description of the seminar, please consult:   Level 1: http://training.web.cern.ch/Training/MANCO/P9798/9-cm_e.htm Level 2: http://training.web.cern.ch/Training/MANCO/P9798/9-cm2_e.htm

  4. Computerized management support for swine breeding farms.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huirne, R.B.M.

    1990-01-01

    1. INTRODUCTIONThe investigations described in this thesis have been directed towards computerized management support for swine breeding farms, focused on sow productivity and profitability. The study is composed of three basic parts: (1) basic description and definition of farm man

  5. Computerized management support for swine breeding farms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huirne, R.B.M.

    1990-01-01

    1. INTRODUCTION

    The investigations described in this thesis have been directed towards computerized management support for swine breeding farms, focused on sow productivity and profitability. The study is composed of three basic parts: (1) basic description and

  6. Disease management contracting: key elements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knutson, D J

    1996-01-01

    Although the data at the outset of a contractual agreement can often be incomplete or inaccurate, and the analytical tools necessary to interpret these data are still being developed, partners about to enter a disease management (DM) arrangement can nonetheless take steps to ensure that the relationship will be sound and successful. Pharmaceutical firms (and other service providers) wishing to enter into DM relationships with managed-care organizations must consider several important factors of the contracting process to protect their financial interests and benefit from the partnership, particularly in the first 1 to 2 years of the arrangement. This paper provides recommendations for both general strategies and financial elements of DM contracting, and defines several contractual elements that can help to secure a harmonious and profitable partnership. These suggestions address concerns for various types of partnerships, including risk-sharing and fee-for-service plans. Early and careful consideration of the legal aspects of the DM business can protect companies from incurring significant, unanticipated losses.

  7. Management of transport and handling contracts

    CERN Document Server

    Rühl, I

    2004-01-01

    This paper shall outline the content, application and management strategies for the various contracts related to transport and handling activities. In total, the two sections Logistics and Handling Maintenance are in charge of 27 (!) contracts ranging from small supply contracts to big industrial support contracts. The activities as well as the contracts can generally be divided into four main topics "Vehicle Fleet Management"; "Supply, Installation and Commissioning of Lifting and Hoisting Equipment"; "Equipment Maintenance" and "Industrial Support for Transport and Handling". Each activity and contract requires different approaches and permanent adaptation to the often changing CERN's requirements. In particular, the management and the difficulties experienced with the contracts E072 "Maintenance of lifting and hoisting equipment", F420 "Supply of seven overhead traveling cranes for LHC" and S090/S103 "Industrial support for transport and handling" will be explained in detail.

  8. A managed care cycle provides contract oversight.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevenson, Paul B; Messinger, Stephen F; Welter, Terri

    2002-03-01

    In response to poor payment performance by health plans, providers are realizing that managed care contracts require systematic, ongoing management rather than a periodic focus. An effective managed care cycle that encompasses strategy development, implementation of the strategy through contracting and operations, and monitoring of contract performance can accomplish this needed oversight. Each phase requires specialized management tools, skills, and staff. Because of the importance of managed care to the provider's financial viability, a wide range of persons should be involved in the managed care cycle, including the board of directors, business office staff, senior management, and finance staff. As providers embrace a more structured approach to managed care, they will increase their chances of receiving accurate contracted payments.

  9. Career Management and the Changing Psychological Contract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atkinson, Carol

    2002-01-01

    A 1993 survey in a British bank revealed a lack of strategic approaches to career management and a negative psychological contract. A 2000 follow-up showed that employees viewed the new contract as a regression from a relational to a transactional approach. They had increased responsibility for career development, but management failed to provide…

  10. Purchase Contract Management for Fashion Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Qunzhi; TSAO Debi

    2004-01-01

    This paper develops a tow-stage purchase contract for fashion products to manage the buyer's cost. In addition to require a commitment, the purchase contract allows the buyer to adjust the commitment at a later stage. We model the buyer's problem and obtain explicit formulae to describe the buyer's optimal behavior. We analyze the effect of parameters on the buyer's cost and prove that such contract can decrease the buyer's cost numerically.

  11. Hospitals' use of contract management approaches 50%.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souhrada, L

    1991-02-05

    Hospital CEOs are evenly split on the issue of whether to contract with outside firms to manage departments in their facilities. Although a small majority have never used contractors, the number of executives employing contract managers is growing--and executives are pleased with the results. These are just a few of the results of Hospitals' recent survey of 1,100 hospital CEOs nationwide. The survey asked executives for information about their hospitals' use of more than 40 specific services, including "hotel," business and clinical contract services. Our survey is one of only a few major studies ever undertaken that have asked hospitals themselves about their use of contract-management services. And what were they looking for? Interestingly, not economic advantage but specialized expertise.

  12. Management and Breeding Soundness of Mature Bulls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Colin W

    2016-07-01

    Mature bulls must be fed a balanced ration, vaccinated appropriately, and undergo a breeding soundness evaluation to ensure they meet what is required of a short, but intense breeding season. To be classified as a satisfactory potential breeder, minimum standards for physical soundness, scrotal circumference, sperm motility, and sperm morphology must be achieved using an accepted bull-breeding soundness evaluation format. Sperm production requires approximately 70 days. Heat and stress are the most common insults to spermatogenesis, causing an increase in morphologic abnormalities with obesity-associated scrotal fat accumulation being the most frequent cause of elevated testicular temperature in mature bulls.

  13. 48 CFR 2452.242-71 - Contract management system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contract management system... 2452.242-71 Contract management system. As prescribed in 2442.1107, insert the following clause: Contract Management System (FEB 2006) (a) The contractor shall use contract management baseline...

  14. Hospital management contracts: institutional and community perspectives.

    OpenAIRE

    Wheeler, J. R.; Zuckerman, H S

    1984-01-01

    Previous studies have shown that external management by contract can improve the performance of managed hospitals. This article presents a conceptual framework which develops specific hypotheses concerning improved hospital operating efficiency, increased ability to meet hospital objectives, and increased ability to meet community objectives. Next, changes in the process and structure of management under contractual arrangements, based on observations from two not-for-profit hospital systems,...

  15. 77 FR 12336 - Public Availability of Office of Acquisitions and Contract Management FY 2011 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-29

    ... Availability of Office of Acquisitions and Contract Management FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY.... L. 111-117), the Office of Acquisitions and Contract Management is publishing this notice to advise.... The information is organized by function to show how contracted resources are distributed...

  16. 78 FR 12106 - Public Availability of Office of Acquisitions and Contract Management FY 2012 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-21

    ... Availability of Office of Acquisitions and Contract Management FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Office of Acquisitions and Contract Management (OACM), Peace Corps. ACTION: Notice of Public Availability of FY 2012 Service Contract Inventories. SUMMARY: In accordance with Section 743 of Division C of the...

  17. POLizied e-Learning Using Contract Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Espinosa, Espinosa David; Noguez, Julieta; Benes, Bedrich; Bueno, Abel

    2005-01-01

    We present an innovative way to manage online learning by administering experiential learning activities during a semester-long, web-based course that is designed with the Project Oriented Learning methodology. A consulting-style guiding thread for in-class and remote workshops is implemented using a professionally relevant project contract that…

  18. POLizied e-Learning Using Contract Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Espinosa, Espinosa David; Noguez, Julieta; Benes, Bedrich; Bueno, Abel

    2005-01-01

    We present an innovative way to manage online learning by administering experiential learning activities during a semester-long, web-based course that is designed with the Project Oriented Learning methodology. A consulting-style guiding thread for in-class and remote workshops is implemented using a professionally relevant project contract that…

  19. Analysis of the 918th Contracting Battalion and 410th Contracting Support Brigade Utilizing the Contract Management Maturity Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    management . He was awarded the Combat Action Badge during deployments to both Iraq, and Afghanistan where he was earned the Bronze Star Medal...final payment, and documenting the contractor’s performance during the contract (Rendon, 2011). Effective contract management hinges on the...strive to achieve. At this level, all contract management processes are in place, and are periodically evaluated using “efficiency and effectiveness

  20. Breeding soundness evaluation and reproductive management in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    management of 33 sport horses (14 mares and 19 stallions) belonging to Palace. Administration ... Body weight was significantly correlated with girth both in mares ... and sub-fertility in the mares in particular such as aging, stress, inbreeding,.

  1. 48 CFR 237.102-72 - Contracts for management services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Contracts-General 237.102-72 Contracts for management services. In accordance with Section 802 of the... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contracts for management services. 237.102-72 Section 237.102-72 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION...

  2. Review: Towards the agroecological management of ruminants, pigs and poultry through the development of sustainable breeding programmes. II. Breeding strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phocas, F; Belloc, C; Bidanel, J; Delaby, L; Dourmad, J Y; Dumont, B; Ezanno, P; Fortun-Lamothe, L; Foucras, G; Frappat, B; González-García, E; Hazard, D; Larzul, C; Lubac, S; Mignon-Grasteau, S; Moreno, C R; Tixier-Boichard, M; Brochard, M

    2016-11-01

    be used more effectively if they benefited from the scientific and technical resources currently available for more common breeds. Last but not least, public policies need to enable improved information concerning the genetic resources and breeding tools available for the agroecological management of livestock production systems, and facilitate its assimilation by farmers and farm technicians.

  3. 76 FR 79565 - Management Contracts-Background Investigations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-22

    ... contractor should be required to submit background information when the contract is for management of both... contractor should be required to submit background information when the contract is for management of both... The NRR identified background investigation information requirements for management contractors of a...

  4. Measuring Satisfaction in the Program Manager, Procuring Contracting Officer Relationship

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-12-01

    Contracting Officer) and one of her customers (a U. S. Navy Program Manager ). From an examination of this relationship , the most appropriate criteria... Customer Satisfaction, Performance Measurement, Metrics, Contracting, Program Management 17. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF REPORT Unclassified...methodology for developing an instrument to measure the satisfaction of their customers , Navy Program Managers . The purpose of this thesis was to develop

  5. Assessment of Navy Contract Management Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-30

    use of maturity models will continue to gain wider acceptance as a tool for assessing ^Åèìáëáíáçå=oÉëÉ~êÅÜ=mêçÖê~ãW= `êÉ~íáåÖ=póåÉêÖó=Ñçê=fåÑçêãÉÇ...organizational process capability. In 2003, the Contract Management Maturity Model (CMMM) was first developed for the purpose of assessing Department of...Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, ^Åèìáëáíáçå=oÉëÉ~êÅÜ=mêçÖê~ãW= `êÉ~íáåÖ=póåÉêÖó=Ñçê=fåÑçêãÉÇ=`Ü~åÖÉ= - 360 - Technology , and Logistics

  6. Managing the financial cost of exception to contracting standards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henschel, Rene Franz

    2008-01-01

    In managing financial cost of exception to contracting standards, the first step is to put up an intelligent contract standards exception monitoring system The next step is to maintain tailor-made, fair and transparent contracting standards The third step is to eliminate unnecessary information...... and repetitiveness in contracting standards The fourth step is to enable your organization and the customers or suppliers to handle the necessary exceptions themselves Finally you should consider the use of independent contracting standards and elimination of your own standards as a tool in managing the cost...

  7. Certified symbolic management of financial multi-party contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bahr, Patrick; Berthold, Jost; Elsman, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Domain-specific languages (DSLs) for complex financial contracts are in practical use in many banks and financial institutions today. Given the level of automation and pervasiveness of software in the sector, the financial domain is immensely sensitive to software bugs. At the same time...... automatically extract a Haskell implementation of an embedded contract DSL along with the formally verified contract management functionality. This approach opens a road map towards more reliable contract management software, including the possibility of analysing contracts based on symbolic instead of numeric...

  8. Managing the financial cost of exception to contracting standards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henschel, Rene Franz

    2008-01-01

    In managing financial cost of exception to contracting standards, the first step is to put up an intelligent contract standards exception monitoring system The next step is to maintain tailor-made, fair and transparent contracting standards The third step is to eliminate unnecessary information...... and repetitiveness in contracting standards The fourth step is to enable your organization and the customers or suppliers to handle the necessary exceptions themselves Finally you should consider the use of independent contracting standards and elimination of your own standards as a tool in managing the cost...

  9. Dynamic contracting mechanism for pavement maintenance management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Demirel, H.C.; De Ridder, H.A.J.

    2013-01-01

    Technological advances, financial possibilities and changes of demands have increasingly affected the pavement maintenance environment for outsourcing in recent years. This induces complexity in the contracting methods of pavement maintenance activities. Despite the fact that current contracting pra

  10. Effects of managed care contracting on physician labor supply.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Libby, A M; Thurston, N K

    2001-06-01

    We examine the effect of managed care contracting on physician labor supply for office-based medical practices. We extend the standard labor supply model to incorporate choices regarding the patient base. Empirical tests use data from the 1985 and 1988 national HCFA Physician Practice Costs and Income Surveys and InterStudy Managed Care Surveys. We use physician-level information on participation in managed care contracting to estimate changes in work hours. Managed care contracting is generally associated with lower physician work hours. However, accounting for motivations to participate in contracts and the extent of contracting, the effect on hours is reduced in magnitude and significance. We conclude that relying on broad aggregate measures for policy analysis will likely be misleading as underlying motivations and contracting incentives change over time.

  11. Thue use of Management Contracts for Construction in Hong Kong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dr.S.L.Tang

    2002-01-01

    A traditional construction contract requires all detal design works to be completed before tendering and subsequent construction works can commence,and therefor erequires a longer time for project completion.This paper describes a relatively new way of construction procurement using management contracts',which allow design construction overlap,and hence reduce project duration.There are advantages in management contracting,but there are disadvantages too.They are discussed in detal in this paper.Two management contracts executed in Hong Kong are used as case studies to illustrate the said advantages and disadvantages.Conclusion is then made and pssible further research work is alkso suggested.

  12. The Use of Management Contracts for Construction in Hong Kong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dr. S.L. Tang

    2002-01-01

    A traditional construction contract requires all detail design works to be completed before tendering and subsequentconstruction works can commence, and therefore requires a longer time for project completion. This paper describes ahence reduce project duration. There are advantages in management contracting, but there are disadvantages too. They arediscussed in detail in this paper. Two management contracts executed in Hong Kong are used as case studies to illustrate thesaid advantages and disadvantages. Conclusion is then made and possible further research work is also suggested.

  13. Towards Certified Management of Financial Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bahr, Patrick; Berthold, Jost; Elsman, Martin

    2014-01-01

    Banks and financial institutions nowadays often use domain-specific languages (DSLs) for describing complex financial contracts, in particular, for specifying how asset transfers for a specific contract depend on underlying observables, such as interest rates, currency rates, and stock prices...... to a precise cash-flow semantics, modelled and checked using the Coq proof assistant. Implementations of the contract language in Haskell and Coq are available online together with machine-checkable proofs (in Coq) of the key properties of the contract language....

  14. Alternatives in polymerization contraction stress management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto R. Braga

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Polymerization contraction stress of dental composites is often associated with marginal and interfacial failure of bonded restorations. The magnitude of the stress depends on the composite's composition (filler content and matrix composition and its ability to flow before gelation, which is related to the cavity configuration and curing characteristics of the composite. This article reviews the variations found among studies regarding the contraction stress testing method, contraction stress values of current composites, and discusses the validity of contraction stress studies in relation to results from microleakage tests. The effect of lower curing rates and alternative curing routines on contraction stress values is also discussed, as well as the use of low elastic modulus liners. Moreover, studies with experimental Bis-GMA-based composites and recent developments in low-shrinkage monomers are described.

  15. Plant hormone interactions: innovative targets for crop breeding and management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkinson, Sally; Kudoyarova, Guzel R; Veselov, Dmitry S; Arkhipova, Tatyana N; Davies, William J

    2012-05-01

    Here we highlight how both the root and shoot environment impact on whole plant hormone balance, particularly under stresses such as soil drying, and relate hormone ratios and relative abundances to processes influencing plant performance and yield under both mild and more severe stress. We discuss evidence (i) that abscisic acid (ABA) and ethylene act antagonistically on grain-filling rate amongst other yield-impacting processes; (ii) that ABA's effectiveness as an agent of stomatal closure can be modulated by coincident ethylene or cytokinin accumulation; and (iii) that enhanced cytokinin production can increase growth and yield by improving foliar stay-green indices under stress, and by improving processes that impact grain-filling and number, and that this can be the result of altered relative abundances of cytokinin and ABA (and other hormones). We describe evidence and novel processes whereby these phenomena are/could be amenable to manipulation through genetic and management routes, such that plant performance and yield can be improved. We explore the possibility that a range of ABA-ethylene and ABA-cytokinin relative abundances could represent targets for breeding/managing for yield resilience under a spectrum of stress levels between severe and mild, and could circumvent some of the pitfalls so far encountered in the massive research effort towards breeding for increases in the complex trait of yield.

  16. Total Quality Management Office for Contracting Integrity Implementation Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-07-01

    REPORT______ANDDATESCOVERED 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE S. FUNDING NUMBERS Total Quality Management Office for Contracting Integrity Implementatiun Plan 6. AUTHOR(S) 7...01-280-5500 Standard Form 298 (Rev. 2-89) P’,croed 1:, ANSI Std 3J9-16 29d. 102 4 TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT OFFICE FOR CONTRACTING INTEGRITY...IMPLEMENTATION PLAN According to the Total Quality Management (TQM) Master Plan, each PSE head, supported by Working Groups, will implement the HQ DLA Master

  17. Insurance Contract Analysis for Company Decision Support in Acquisition Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chernovita, H. P.; Manongga, D.; Iriani, A.

    2017-01-01

    One of company activities to retain their business is marketing the products which include in acquisition management to get new customers. Insurance contract analysis using ID3 to produce decision tree and rules to be decision support for the insurance company. The decision tree shows 13 rules that lead to contract termination claim. This could be a guide for the insurance company in acquisition management to prevent contract binding with these contract condition because it has a big chance for the customer to terminate their insurance contract before its expired date. As the result, there are several strong points that could be the determinant of contract termination such as: 1) customer age whether too young or too old, 2) long insurance period (above 10 years), 3) big insurance amount, 4) big amount of premium charges, and 5) payment method.

  18. Managing the relational character of public-private partnership contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cvetković Predrag

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A public-private partnership contract has the character of a relational contract. Relational contracts are incomplete agreements governing transactions where the contracting parties have mutually agreed that it is impossible or economically inefficient to contractually define ex ante possible difficulties and contingencies in the contract implementation, nor the difficulties and contingencies underlying the ex post control of contract performance by a third entity (court or arbitration. Considering the methodology of managing relational contracts, it is essential that the theory of relational contracts does not advocate for the establishment of relational contracts as a separate category of contracts, with specifically designated contractual instruments. This theory defines the relational contract as a category which legitimizes 'the relational mode' of a particular contract. The methodology of relational contracts is important for contracts on public-private partnership as it ensures that the contractual relationship is aligned with the changes in the immediate environment where the PPP contract operates. The aforementioned alignment has two aspects. The first one is the ex ante aspect of the alignment which is primarily aimed at preventing the detrimental effect of such alignment to the public partner's interests. Therefore, the intent to prevent such an effect shall be taken into account when defining the criteria for the selection of the most favorable private partner and the best offer. At the same time, it is essential to establish verifiable standards for measuring the private partner performance in the phase of contract implementation. For this goal to be achieved, it is crucial to specify the subject matter of the private partner's obligations, to establish the priority rank of PPP project objectives, to elaborate on the specific requirements governing the eligibility of private partners to participate in the bidding process, to specify

  19. Goat farming systems in Martinique: management and breeding strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexandre, G; Leimbacher, F; Maurice, O; Domarin, D; Naves, M; Mandonnet, N

    2009-04-01

    To be successful, initiatives to improve farmer's goat production should directly address the needs and objectives of the keepers while promoting rational use of local genetic resources. A survey was carried out to implement a genetic policy governing meat goat farming in Martinique (11,400 heads and 33,400 ha arable land). The questionnaire comprised a total of 27 items with 306 modalities, and included questions on farm structure, crop and animal productions, management of feeding, reproduction and health control. The sample consisted of 33 farmers with 644 ha and 2,680 goats (1,286 does and 52 bucks), 97% of does in the studied sample were crossbred, 56% of bucks were" imported" breeds (Boer or Anglo-Nubian). The number of goats per farm varied from 16 to 582. The feeding system was predominantly grazing, according to a rotation (55% of cases) or continuous grazing system (42%). On 62% of farms, the males remained with the females permanently, also 83% of farmers did not resort to methods of controlled-mating. The first criteria used for choosing animals (80 to 90% of answers) of both sex, were development and conformation. Assuming that adaptive together with productive traits are important in tropical zones, it is advisable to better define the maternal lineage of the local livestock (presently very sparse records), to improve reproduction management and culling strategies (poor and inadequate management practices do not support any genetic improvement programme), and to guide the farmers in their decisions by employing concerted interprofessional actions (choice of meat breed, market studies).

  20. Managed care contracting issues in integrated delivery systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, E E

    1996-01-01

    This article is a checklist for use by health care providers in reviewing proposed managed care contracting agreements. This checklist is not an exhaustive list, but is intended to be used as a framework for review.

  1. Organization and management of the LHC civil-engineering contracts

    CERN Document Server

    Watson, T

    1999-01-01

    Since July 1994, the CERN Civil Engineering group within the ST division has been preparing and engaging contracts related to the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) project. Several of these contracts have values in excess of 10 MCHF and will be executed over a number of years; as such they represent an important part of the infrastructure works required for the LHC. To date, in excess of two hundred and fifty companies have been consulted in relation to these contracts. Contracts or orders have been placed with over thirty companies or joint ventures of companies from nearly all the CERN Member States. This paper aims to show the inter-relationships between these contracts and how the Civil Engineering group is carrying out the management of these important LHC contracts. The organization of the group will be explained along with the roles of individual members within the group.

  2. Assessment of Aberdeen Proving Ground - Army Contracting Command, Contract Management Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-11

    Cavanagh, J. J., Lloyd, R., Logan, S., Schoenberg, A., Sochon, G., & Wheeler, E. (1999). The balanced scorecard for managing procurement performance...systems (2008). The Balance Scorecard approach is presented by Niven as “a carefully selected set of quantifiable measures derived from the...contract score card developed by Cullen looks further past the balance scorecard approach by assessing an organization’s contracted functions (2009

  3. Contracting for Management: Assessing Management Capacity under Alternative Service Delivery Arrangements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Trevor; Potoski, Matt

    2006-01-01

    Contracting critics suggest that when governments outsource, they reduce their capacity to produce services and manage service delivery. In this paper, we decompose the service delivery decision into service production and service management components. When governments contract for service production, they may also choose to contract for a…

  4. Comparative analysis between the manager contract and the administrator contract in the activity of hotel services from Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neacșu, A.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In the activity of any hotel company, the manager or the administrator plays an important role; that is why the relationships of the hotel units with managers and administrators must be well defined and assumed by both sides by means of specific contracts. Between the manager contract and the administrator contract there are similarities, but also differences. This paper analyzes the advantages and disadvantages that the two contracts present and also the situations in which they are recommended.

  5. Analysis of the 918th Contracting Battalion and 410th Contracting Support Brigade Utilizing the Contract Management Maturity Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington, VA 22202-4302, and to the Office of Management and Budget, Paperwork Reduction Project (0704-0188) Washington, DC...Command AFMC Air Force Material Command AMCOM Aviation and Missile Life Cycle Management Command APG-ACC Aberdeen Proving Ground–Army Contracting...RDECOM Research, Development, and Engineering Command SOP Standard Operating Procedure SWOT Strength, Weakness, Opportunity, Threat TACOM Tank

  6. Certified symbolic management of financial multi-party contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bahr, Patrick; Berthold, Jost; Elsman, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Domain-specific languages (DSLs) for complex financial contracts are in practical use in many banks and financial institutions today. Given the level of automation and pervasiveness of software in the sector, the financial domain is immensely sensitive to software bugs. At the same time, there is......Domain-specific languages (DSLs) for complex financial contracts are in practical use in many banks and financial institutions today. Given the level of automation and pervasiveness of software in the sector, the financial domain is immensely sensitive to software bugs. At the same time...... system, with an accompanying type inference procedure, that statically ensures that contracts follow the principle of causality. Moreover, we devise a reduction semantics that allows us to evolve contracts over time, in accordance with the denotational semantics. From the verified Coq definitions, we...... automatically extract a Haskell implementation of an embedded contract DSL along with the formally verified contract management functionality. This approach opens a road map towards more reliable contract management software, including the possibility of analysing contracts based on symbolic instead of numeric...

  7. Providing Technical Expertise for Effective Contract Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-12

    some instances not complete the requirements at all. In Iraq, this lack of diligence led to the electrocutions of Soldiers caused by faulty wiring...this lack of diligence led to the electrocutions of Soldiers caused by faulty wiring. The failure of these contracts had an impact on the overall...these would have been caught before the units were accepted by the government. Examining these two vignettes closer, an easy solution would be that

  8. 施工合同管理%Construction contract management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王德平

    2014-01-01

    In order to standardize the management of construction contract, enhance the awareness of the contract, the implementation of the provisions of the contract, according to the characteristics of the relevant state laws and regulations and Hydropower Engineering, combined with practical work, analyzing the construction contract management from the employer's perspective for the peer interaction.%为了规范施工合同管理工作,增强合同意识,贯彻执行合同规定。文章根据国家有关法律、法规及水电工程的特点,结合工作实际,从发包人角度分析施工合同管理,供同行相互交流。

  9. 25 CFR 533.2 - Time for submitting management contracts and amendments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Time for submitting management contracts and amendments. 533.2 Section 533.2 Indians NATIONAL INDIAN GAMING COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MANAGEMENT CONTRACT PROVISIONS APPROVAL OF MANAGEMENT CONTRACTS § 533.2 Time for submitting management contracts...

  10. Hotline Allegations Regarding Defense Contract Management Agency Contracting Officer Actions on Several Business System Audit Reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-20

    2 0 , 2 0 1 4 Report No. DODIG-2014-084 Hotline Allegations Regarding Defense Contract Management Agency Contracting Officer Actions on...control number. 1. REPORT DATE 20 JUN 2014 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2014 to 00-00-2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Hotline Allegations...i l / h o t l i n e HOTLINE Department of Defense F r a u d , W a s t e , & A b u s e Mission Our mission is to provide independent, relevant, and

  11. Factors influencing breeding success, ovarian cyclicity, and cub survival in zoo-managed tigers (Panthera tigris).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saunders, Sarah P; Harris, Tara; Traylor-Holzer, Kathy; Beck, Karen Goodrowe

    2014-01-10

    Understanding factors that influence reproduction and offspring survival in zoo populations is critical for management of threatened and endangered species. Examination of long-term data (1989-2011) compiled from the Association of Zoos and Aquarium's zoo-managed tiger breeding program provides the basis for a more thorough understanding of reproduction and scientifically based decisions for effective population management in this endangered felid. Biological and management-related factors that could influence tiger breeding success and cub survival were evaluated using logistic mixed models. Breeding success improved with female age until approximately age five, then declined thereafter. Experienced female breeders had greater breeding success than inexperienced females. Litter size was most predictive of cub survival, with average-sized litters (3-4 cubs) experiencing the highest proportional survival. Management-related factors, such as whether the breeding institution had a recent tiger litter and whether both animals were already located at the same institution, also influenced breeding success and cub survival. These results highlight the importance of institutional husbandry experience and the need to retain knowledge through staff turnovers to achieve optimal reproductive success. Using fecal estrogen data, frequency of ovarian cyclicity and mean cycle length did not differ by female age or parity; thus, lack of cyclicity and/or increased cycle duration are not likely explanations for declining breeding success with age. These results provide valuable reproductive information that should improve scientific management of zoo-based tiger populations.

  12. Challenges for Managed Care from 340B Contract Pharmacies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fein, Adam J

    2016-03-01

    The federal 340B Drug Pricing Program has expanded rapidly, with important yet still unmeasured impact on both managed care practice and policies. Notably, providers increasingly rely on external, contract pharmacies to extend 340B pricing to a broad set of patients. In 2014, 1 in 4 U.S. retail, mail, and specialty pharmacy locations acted as contract pharmacies for 340B-covered entities. This commentary discusses crucial ways in which 340B growth is affecting managed care pharmacy through formulary rebates, profits from managed care paid prescriptions, disruption of retail pharmacy networks, and reduced generic dispensing rates. Managed care should become more engaged in the discussion on how the 340B program should evolve and offer policy proposals to mitigate the challenges being encountered. There is also an urgent need for objective, transparent research on the 340B program's costs, benefits, and implications for managed care pharmacy and practice.

  13. Incentive Contracting For Venture Capital Fund Managers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leisen, Dietmar P. J.

    2009-09-01

    It is well-known in the VC literature that VCs should provide so-called value-adding activities that nurture their venture companies. This paper presents a model of the VC market that takes account of the so-called carried interest on the choice of the risk level and actions. We determine the optimal actions of the fund managers and what would be the desired actions of the fund's investors. Conflicts of interest between the parties will be documented.

  14. Initial Survey Instructions for Wind Energy Breeding Shorebird Survey at Kulm Wetland Management District

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Initial survey instructions for conducting the wind breeding shorebird survey at Kulm Wetland Management District. This survey largely follows the protocol for...

  15. Management of Liquidity Risk Using Foreign Exchange Swap Contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivica Prga

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Croatian banks, like the other world banks, are exposed to liquidity risk. This is very significant question to them, particularly in this complex and crisis time. Therefore, the Croatian banks pay much attention to the management of liquidity. In these attempts, the banks use various derivative financial instruments of which the foreign exchange swap contracts are particularly remarkable.

  16. Trends in managed care contracting among U.S. hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gautam, K; Campbell, C; Arrington, B

    1995-01-01

    This article describes the changing profile of hospitals initiating managed care contracts as of 1992. Based on statistical tests, early contractors rank higher on profitability, case mix, bed size, affiliation, and urban location. In contrast, recent and noncontractors are predominantly rural, freestanding hospitals with low case mix, low profitability, high subacute services, and government ownership. A number of lessons for the future are drawn and a stage-by-stage approach to studying managed care issues is proposed.

  17. Anopheles culicifacies breeding in Sri Lanka and options for control through water management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Konradsen, F; Matsuno, Y; Amerasinghe, F P

    1998-01-01

    This paper assesses the options for control of malaria vectors through different water management practices in a natural stream in Sri Lanka. The association between water level in the stream and breeding of the immature stages of the primary vector Anopheles culicifacies was investigated...... and the feasibility of using existing irrigation infrastructure to reduce the breeding potential discussed. The most feasible option would be to implement a management routine where water is released periodically from an upstream reservoir to reduce the number of breeding sites downstream. This study indicates...... that by regulating the water level above 20 cm in the stream throughout the dry season the breeding of A. culicifacies could be significantly reduced. The intervention would have only limited impact on the water lost for agriculture and the management input would be minimal. However, for the intervention to work...

  18. 48 CFR 970.5222-1 - Collective Bargaining Agreements Management and Operating Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Solicitation Provisions and Contract Clauses for Management and Operating Contracts 970.5222-1 Collective... clause: Collective Bargaining Agreements—Management and Operating Contracts (DEC 2000) When negotiating collective bargaining agreements applicable to the work force under this contract, the Contractor shall use...

  19. Contractions

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the opening to the uterus through which the baby passes during delivery). The contractions tend to increase in the weeks ... experience cramps, contractions and discomfort for weeks before delivery. ... The feeling that the baby has settled lower in your belly. This can ...

  20. Analysis of Naval Facilities Engineering Command’s (NAVFAC) Contracting Processes Using the Contract Management Maturity Model (CMMM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-12-01

    influencing contract awards as part of the 2006 scandal involving Representative Randy ‘Duke’ Cunningham and defense contractor, Mitchell Wade. Also...Antecedents and Consequences of Failed Governance: the Enron Example. Corporate Governance, 5: 5. Garrett, G., & Rendon, R. 2005(a). Contract Management

  1. Maximizing colonial waterbirds' breeding events using identified ecological thresholds and environmental flow management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bino, Gilad; Steinfeld, Celine; Kingsford, Richard T

    2014-01-01

    Global wetland biodiversity loss continues unabated, driven by increased demand for freshwater. A key strategy for conservation management of freshwater systems is to maintain the quantity and quality of the natural water regimes, including the frequency and timing of flows. Formalizing an ecological model depicting the key ecological components and the underlying processes of cause and effect is required for successful conservation management. Models linking hydrology with ecological responses can prove to be an invaluable tool for robust decision-making of environmental flows. Here, we explored alternative water management strategies and identified maximal strategies for successful long-term management of colonial waterbirds in the Macquarie Marshes, Australia. We modeled fluctuations in breeding abundances of 10 colonial waterbird species over the past quarter century (1986-2010). Clear relationships existed between flows and breeding, both in frequencies and total abundances, with a strong linear relationship for flows > 200 GL. Thresholds emerged for triggering breeding events in all 10 species, but these varied among species. Three species displayed a sharp threshold response between 100 GL and 250 GL. These had a breeding probability of 0.5 when flows were > 180 GL and a 0.9 probability of breeding with flows > 350 GL. The remaining species had a probability greater than 0.5 of breeding with flows > 400 GL. Using developed models, we examined the effects of five environmental flow management strategies on the variability of flows and subsequent likelihood of breeding. Management to different target volumes of environmental flows affected overall and specific breeding probabilities. The likelihood of breeding for all 10 colonial waterbirds increased from a regulated historical mean (+/-SD) of 0.36 +/- 0.09 to 0.53 +/- 0.14, an improvement of 47.5% +/- 18.7%. Management of complex ecosystems depends on good understanding of the responses of organisms to the

  2. Investment, regulation, and uncertainty: managing new plant breeding techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smyth, Stuart J; McDonald, Jillian; Falck-Zepeda, Jose

    2014-01-01

    As with any technological innovation, time refines the technology, improving upon the original version of the innovative product. The initial GM crops had single traits for either herbicide tolerance or insect resistance. Current varieties have both of these traits stacked together and in many cases other abiotic and biotic traits have also been stacked. This innovation requires investment. While this is relatively straight forward, certain conditions need to exist such that investments can be facilitated. The principle requirement for investment is that regulatory frameworks render consistent and timely decisions. If the certainty of regulatory outcomes weakens, the potential for changes in investment patterns increases.   This article provides a summary background to the leading plant breeding technologies that are either currently being used to develop new crop varieties or are in the pipeline to be applied to plant breeding within the next few years. Challenges for existing regulatory systems are highlighted. Utilizing an option value approach from investment literature, an assessment of uncertainty regarding the regulatory approval for these varying techniques is undertaken. This research highlights which technology development options have the greatest degree of uncertainty and hence, which ones might be expected to see an investment decline.

  3. Contract Management of LHC Civil Engineering at Point 5

    CERN Document Server

    Osborne, J A

    1999-01-01

    Civil engineering work commenced in August 1998 at LEP Point 5 for the underground and surface works necessary to accommodate the CMS detector for the LHC project. The principal underground works consist of two parallel caverns, separated by a support pillar, two new shafts, a number of smaller connection and service galleries and tunnel enlargements on the existing LEP tunnel. The surface works consist of the 140 m long SX building for the detector assembly and numerous other steel and concrete structures necessary for the installation and operation of CMS. The civil engineering design and supervision has been awarded to a joint venture of Gibb (UK), SGI (Switzerland) and Geoconsult (Austria), and the contracting to a joint venture of Dragados (Spain) and Seli (Italy) for 112 MCHF. The aim of this paper is to discuss the management of this contract and in particular how the various parties interact in order to work most efficiently.

  4. Project Hanford Management Contract (PHMC) pollution prevention program implementation plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Place, B.G., Westinghouse Hanford

    1996-12-31

    This plan documents the Project Hanford Management Contract (PHMC) Pollution Prevention/Waste Minimization (P2/WMin) Program. The subject implementation plan has been updated to reflect the Fiscal Year (FY) 1997 contract structure in which Fluor Daniel Hanford, Inc. (FDH) is the management and integration contractor. The P2/WMin Program scope includes FDH as the principal PHMC contractor, and B&W Hanford Company (BWHC), Duke Engineering & Services Hanford, Inc. (DESH), Lockheed Martin Hanford Corporation, (LMHC), Numatec Hanford Corporation (NHC), Rust Federal Services of Hanford, Inc. (RFSH), and DynCorp Tri-Cities Services, Inc. (DYN) as PHMC contractors, as well as subcontracting enterprise companies, such as Fluor Daniel Northwest, Inc. (FDNW), Lockheed Martin Services, Inc. (LMSI), and Rust Federal Services Northwest (RFS), which provide engineering, operation, construction, maintenance, and computer services for the Hanford Site. The P2/WMin Program scope also includes all other subcontractor-affiliated enterprise companies, such as B&W Protec, Inc. (BWP), DE&S Northwest, Inc. (DESNW), and SGN Eurisys Services Corp. (SESC).

  5. Management of government quality assurance functions for NASA contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    This handbook sets forth requirements for NASA direction and management of government quality assurance functions performed for NASA contracts and is applicable to all NASA installations. These requirements will standardize management to provide the minimum oversight and effective use of resources. This handbook implements Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) Part 46, NASA FAR Supplement 18-46, Quality Assurance, and NMI 7410.1. Achievement of established quality and reliability goals at all levels is essential to the success of NASA programs. Active participation by NASA and other agency quality assurance personnel in all phases of contract operations, including precontract activity, will assist in the economic and timely achievement of program results. This involves broad participation in design, development, procurement, inspection, testing, and preventive and corrective actions. Consequently, government, as well as industry, must place strong emphasis on the accomplishment of all functions having a significant bearing on quality and reliability from program initiation through end-use of supplies and services produced. For purposes of implementing NASA and other agency agreements, and to provide for uniformity and consistency, the terminology and definitions prescribed herein and in a future handbook shall be utilized for all NASA quality assurance delegations and subsequent redelegations.

  6. Developing management guidelines for cerulean warbler breeding habitat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paul B. Hamel; Kenneth V. Rosenberg

    2007-01-01

    Recovery activities for species of conservation concern may be directed to acquire and protect habitats known to contain the species, or to produce suitable habitats or locations suspected to be capable of supporting populations of the species. Management of those habitats ultimately becomes necessary, especially where production of additional habitats is deemed...

  7. Willow short-rotation coppice for energy and breeding birds: an exploration of potentials in relation to management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Londo, M.; Dekker, J. [Utrecht Univ. (Netherlands). Copernicus Inst.; Keurs, W. ter [Leiden Univ. (Netherlands). Inst. of Environmental Sciences

    2005-03-01

    Willow in short-rotation coppice (SRC) for energy may be an attractive habitat for many breeding bird species. In this study, we systematically explore the possible relations between design and management of willow SRC and the occurrence of individual species and ecological groups of breeding birds. Methods were literature review and expert consultation. For government steering strategies to enhance bird-friendly design and management of willow SRC, two approaches are evaluated in the framework of agency theory: rewarding behaviour versus rewarding actual results. The analysis indicates considerable opportunities to increase willow SRC potentials, with limited productivity reduction, especially for breeding birds of shrubs and hedges. Exemplary design and management packages were developed, with corresponding breeding bird species and appropriate policy strategy. Notwithstanding the uncertainties and qualitative nature of the results, the analysis offers starting points for managers willing to pay attention to breeding birds. (author)

  8. TANK OPERATIONS CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT METHODOLOGY UTILIZING THE AGENCY METHOD OF CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    LESKO KF; BERRIOCHOA MV

    2010-02-26

    Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC (WRPS) has faced significant project management challenges in managing Davis-Bacon construction work that meets contractually required small business goals. The unique challenge is to provide contracting opportunities to multiple small business constructioin subcontractors while performing high hazard work in a safe and productive manner. Previous to the WRPS contract, construction work at the Hanford Tank Farms was contracted to large companies, while current Department of Energy (DOE) Contracts typically emphasize small business awards. As an integral part of Nuclear Project Management at Hanford Tank Farms, construction involves removal of old equipment and structures and installation of new infrastructure to support waste retrieval and waste feed delivery to the Waste Treatment Plant. Utilizing the optimum construction approach ensures that the contractors responsible for this work are successful in meeting safety, quality, cost and schedule objectives while working in a very hazardous environment. This paper descirbes the successful transition from a traditional project delivery method that utilized a large business general contractor and subcontractors to a new project construction management model that is more oriented to small businesses. Construction has selected the Agency Construction Management Method (John E Schaufelberger, Len Holm, "Management of Construction Projects, A Constructor's Perspective", University of Washington, Prentice Hall 2002). This method was implemented in the first quarter of Fiscal Year 2009 (FY2009), where Construction Management is performed by substantially home office resources from the URS Northwest Office in Richland, Washington. The Agency Method has allowed WRPS to provide proven Construction Managers and Field Leads to mentor and direct small business contractors, thus providing expertise and assurance of a successful project. Construction execution contracts are

  9. Breeding bird community response to establishing intercropped switchgrass in intensively-managed pine stands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loman, Zachary G.; Riffell, Samuel K.; Wheat, Bradley R.; Miller, Darrin A.; Martin, James A.; Vilella, Francisco

    2014-01-01

    Intercropping switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) between tree rows within young pine (Pinus spp.) plantations is a potential method to generate lignocellulosic biofuel feedstocks within intensively managed forests. Intensively managed pine supports a diverse avian assemblage potentially affected by establishment and maintenance of an annual biomass feedstock via changes in plant communities, dead wood resources, and habitat structure. We sought to understand how establishing switchgrass on an operational scale affects bird communities within intercropped plantations as compared to typical intensively managed loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) forest. We conducted breeding bird point counts using distance sampling for three years (2011–2013) following establishment of intercropped switchgrass stands (6 replicates), traditionally-managed pine plantations, and switchgrass-only plots (0.1 km2 minimum) in Kemper Co., MS. We detected 59 breeding bird species from 11,195 detections. Neotropical migrants and forest-edge associated species were less abundant in intercropped plots than controls the first two years after establishment and more abundant in year three. Short distance migrants and residents were scarce in intercropped and control plots initially, and did not differ between these two treatments in any year. Species associated with pine-grass habitat structure were less abundant initially in intercropped plots, but converged with pine controls in subsequent years. Switchgrass monocultures provided minimal resources for birds. If songbird conservation is a management priority, managers should consider potential reductions of some breeding birds for one to two years following intercropping. It is unclear how these relationships may change outside the breeding season and as stands age.

  10. Defense Health Care: Acquisition Process for TRICARE’s Third Generation of Managed Care Support Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-01

    Selection Team Roles and Responsibilities for TRICARE’s Contract Award Process 11 Figure 3: Timeline of Bid Protest Events for TRICARE’s North Region...14-195 TRICARE Managed Care Support Contracts Figure 2: Source Selection Team Roles and Responsibilities for TRICARE’s Contract Award Process

  11. Turning Risks into Opportunities in Contract Management: A Case Study in the Health Care Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth McVicker

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: This case study presented students with a situation based in the healthcare industry, highlighting the importance of contract review, clear communications and interestbased negotiations in order to avoid the costly consequences that could be associated with contract related disputes. The case allowed students to understand how clearly written contracts play a deciding role in the success of business partnerships. Students practiced negotiation skills while discussing the performance clauses of the contract and considering effective amendments to that contract with the purpose of extending a business relationship. Approach: The author interviewed a project manager working for a preferred implementation vendor which had a contract with a large hospital provider in Colorado and California. The purpose of the interview and the case study focused on contract law, contract management, enterprise risk management and negotiation skills. The case study is based on class room use with practical, real-life contract management scenarios. Results: The team projects submitted for this case study in case management highlighted the receptivity of students in understanding the benefit of preserving business relationships, avoiding litigation and carefully wording the specifics of complex contracts. The students excelled in practicing interest-based bargaining skills and writing contract amendments that reflected the specifics of the complex contract problem presented. Conclusion/Recommendations: Case studies focused on real business situations resonate well with upper division students in business law classes; the complexities of the situations and of the contract language did not deter students from brainstorming solutions to the problems presented and in writing amendments to the contract such that the business relationship was preserved. The results of the students’ work on this case study problem were presented to the

  12. An Analysis of Internal Controls for DoD Contract Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    ensure auditability in contract management , the DOD needs to have effective internal controls (Rendon & Rendon, 2015). B. PURPOSE OF RESEARCH The...they have the appropriate workforce and contract management processes to manage these areas mentioned effectively and must provide verification that...performance, and quality. One quantitative way that performance is measured is by utilizing earned value management (EVM). Earned value management is a

  13. Traditional llama husbandry and breeding management in the Ayopaya region, Bolivia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markemann, A; Valle Zárate, A

    2010-01-01

    The llama claims the largest population of the domestic South American camelids, most of which are raised in Bolivia. More than 53,000 rural families are dedicated to llama husbandry as part of their livelihood strategy. Contemporary Andean societies deliberately select animals for specific traits and employ substantial livestock management to secure subsistence. This study presents traditional llama husbandry and breeding management activities in the Ayopaya region, Bolivia. Traditional selection traits for male and female llamas are documented and assessed by a ranking and a ratio-scaled evaluation. Husbandry and management parameters are in concordance with other studies conducted in the region, but show a high variation. Average llama herd sizes are rather small (mu = 45.6). In some herds, breeding males are utilized for a long time and mix with other herds, causing concerns about inbreeding. Preferred trait groups for llama males according to farmers' responses were body conformation, fibre, testicle conformation, fleece colour and height at withers. Traditional selection criteria generally relate to the phenotype, but also include the commercially interesting fibre trait. The presented results should be considered in breeding and management programmes for the respective llama population to ensure sustainable use of this genetically and culturally valuable resource.

  14. The Contract Management Body of Knowledge: A Comparison of Contracting Competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    Some may even say that government contracting possesses an esoteric body of knowledge ( Zemansky & Gordon, 1981). Ultimately, the purpose of a...PA Times. Retrieved 1 December 2013 from http://patimes.org/current-state-defense- contracting/ 89 Zemansky , S. D., & Gordon, S. B. (1981). The

  15. Breeding bird response to partially harvested riparian management zones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chizinski, Christopher J.; Peterson, Anna; Hanowski, JoAnn; Blinn, Charles R.; Vondracek, Bruce C.; Niemi, Gerald

    2011-01-01

    We compared avian communities among three timber harvesting treatments in 45-m wide even-age riparian management zones (RMZs) placed between upland clearcuts and along one side of first- or second-order streams in northern Minnesota, USA. The RMZs had three treatments: (1) unharvested, (2) intermediate residual basal area (RBA) (targeted goal 11.5 m2/ha, realized 16.0 m2/ha), and (3) low RBA (targeted goal 5.7 m2/ha, realized 8.7 m2/ha). Surveys were conducted one year pre-harvest and three consecutive years post-harvest. There was no change in species richness, diversity, or total abundance associated with harvest but there were shifts in the types of birds within the community. In particular, White-throated Sparrows (Zonotrichia albicollis) and Chestnut-sided Warblers (Dendroica pensylvanica) increased while Ovenbirds (Seiurus aurocapilla) and Red-eyed Vireos (Vireo olivaceus) decreased. The decline of avian species associated with mature forest in the partially harvested treatments relative to controls indicates that maintaining an unharvested RMZ adjacent to an upland harvest may aid in maintaining avian species associated mature forest in Minnesota for at least three years post-harvest. However, our observations do not reflect reproductive success, which is an area for future research.

  16. The importance of intraspecific variation in tree responses to elevated [CO2]: breeding and management of future forests

    Science.gov (United States)

    One strategy for managing forests to sustain or increase productivity under global climate change is to initiate breeding programs which maximize responses to elevated [CO2] within species. The basis for any breeding program is intraspecific variation in the traits of interest, and for forests, grow...

  17. The many outcomes from contracting out: The voice of public managers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholst, Andrej Christian; Hansen, Morten Balle; Randrup, Thomas Barfoed

    2017-01-01

    for gaining deeper, more detailed insights. The public manager perspective is explored in an inductive analysis of answers to open-ended survey questions collected from public managers with contracting experience within the context of municipal park management in Scandinavia. The emerging managerial......This paper argues that adopting a stakeholder approach to the study of contracting outcomes produces more rich and rounded representations of the realities of the contracting out of public services. We revisit the research on contracting outcomes, highlighting the public manager perspective as key...... perspective is summarised in a best-case, worst-case and complex-case scenario highlighting the mix, complexities and trade-offs in a composite set of contracting outcomes. The nature of contracting outcomes as complex and composite rather than unidimensional is one key finding. Furthermore, the importance...

  18. Pre-breeding energetic management in a mixed-strategy breeder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hennin, Holly L; Legagneux, Pierre; Bêty, Joël; Williams, Tony D; Gilchrist, H Grant; Baker, Tyne M; Love, Oliver P

    2015-01-01

    Integrative biologists have long appreciated that the effective acquisition and management of energy prior to breeding should strongly influence fitness-related reproductive decisions (timing of breeding and reproductive investment). However, because of the difficulty in capturing pre-breeding individuals, and the tendency towards abandonment of reproduction after capture, we know little about the underlying mechanisms of these life-history decisions. Over 10 years, we captured free-living, arctic-breeding common eiders (Somateria mollissima) up to 3 weeks before investment in reproduction. We examined and characterized physiological parameters predicted to influence energetic management by sampling baseline plasma glucocorticoids (i.e., corticosterone), very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), and vitellogenin (VTG) for their respective roles in mediating energetic balance, rate of condition gain (physiological fattening rate) and reproductive investment. Baseline corticosterone increased significantly from arrival to the initiation of reproductive investment (period of rapid follicular growth; RFG), and showed a positive relationship with body mass, indicating that this hormone may stimulate foraging behaviour to facilitate both fat deposition and investment in egg production. In support of this, we found that VLDL increased throughout the pre-breeding period, peaking as predicted during RFG. Female eiders exhibited unprecedentedly high levels of VTG well before their theoretical RFG period, a potential strategy for pre-emptively depositing available protein stores into follicles while females are simultaneously fattening. This study provides some of the first data examining the temporal dynamics and interaction of the energetic mechanisms thought to be at the heart of individual variation in reproductive decisions and success in many vertebrate species.

  19. Genetic variability of six French meat sheep breeds in relation to their genetic management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coralie Danchin-Burge

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Some demographic parameters, the genetic structure and the evolution of the genetic variability of six French meat sheep breeds were analysed in relation with their management. Four of these breeds are submitted to more or less intense selection: the Berrichon du Cher (BCH, Blanc du Massif Central (BMC, Charollais (CHA and Limousin (LIM; the other two breeds are under conservation: the Roussin de La Hague (RLH and Solognot (SOL. Genealogical data of the recorded animals born from 1970 to 2000 and of their known ancestors were used. The most balanced contributions of the different flocks to the sire-daughter path was found in the SOL. In the BCH, a single flock provided 43% of the sire-AI sire path, whereas the contributions of the flocks were more balanced in the BMC and LIM (the only other breeds where AI is used to a substantial amount. The distribution of the expected genetic contribution of the founder animals was found to be unbalanced, especially in the BCH and LIM. The effective numbers of ancestors (founders or not for the ewes born from 1996 to 2000 were equal to 35 (BCH, 144 (BMC, 112 (CHA, 69 (LIM, 40 (RLH and 49 (SOL. Inbreeding was not analysed in the BMC, due to incomplete pedigree information. From 1980 on, the rates of inbreeding, in percentage points per year, were +0.112 (BCH, +0.045 (CHA, +0.036 (LIM, +0.098 (RLH and +0.062 (SOL. The implications of the observed trends on genetic variability are discussed in relation to the genetic management of each breed. The need for a larger selection basis in the BCH, the efficiency of the rules applied in the SOL to preserve the genetic variability and the need for a more collective organisation in the CHA and RLH are outlined.

  20. Management contracts and competition in prices or quantities as strategic tools for differentiated duopoly

    OpenAIRE

    Castillo Velosa, Monique; Jácome Liévano, Flavio

    2011-01-01

    This article analyzes a differentiated duopoly, in which each business use twos strategic tools to compete with its rival: management incentive contracts, and a choice between prices and quantities. Using the non-cooperative game theory, it is found in equilibrium that (i) when the businesses (i) do not hire managers with substitute (complementary) price contracts are the dominant strategy; with complementary items,quantity (price) contracts become the dominant strategy; (ii) when the compani...

  1. Kinship-based management strategies for captive breeding programs when pedigrees are unknown or uncertain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putnam, Andrea S; Ivy, Jamie A

    2014-01-01

    Zoo-based captive breeding programs typically rely on accurate pedigrees to maintain long-term population genetic diversity and prevent close inbreeding. For many mixed-sex captive populations, it is difficult to assign parentage of offspring with certainty without conducting DNA-based parentage analyses. Using the demographic parameters of a North American captive population of Arabian oryx (Oryx leucoryx), 2 kinship-based breeding-pair selection strategies were modeled for their performance in handling pedigrees with varying degrees of parentage uncertainty. We also compared these strategies with 2 nonkinship-based methods. Pedigrees simulated under different management strategies were compared for their long-term ability to maintain gene diversity (GD) and avoid inbreeding. For the Arabian oryx, results indicate that recording multiple possible parents instead of removing the unknown genomic portion of the pedigree can more efficiently utilize all animals available for breeding without compromising GD and inbreeding avoidance. Both kinship-based breeding-pair selection strategies significantly outperformed the nonkinship-based strategies.

  2. MANAGING ENGINEERING ACTIVITIES FOR THE PLATEAU REMEDIATION CONTRACT - HANFORD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    KRONVALL CM

    2011-01-14

    In 2008, the primary Hanford clean-up contract transitioned to the CH2MHill Plateau Remediation Company (CHPRC). Prior to transition, Engineering resources assigned to remediation/Decontamination and Decommissioning (D&D) activities were a part of a centralized engineering organization and matrixed to the performing projects. Following transition, these resources were reassigned directly to the performing project, with a loose matrix through a smaller Central Engineering (CE) organization. The smaller (10 FTE) central organization has retained responsibility for the overall technical quality of engineering for the CHPRC, but no longer performs staffing and personnel functions. As the organization has matured, there are lessons learned that can be shared with other organizations going through or contemplating performing a similar change. Benefits that have been seen from the CHPRC CE organization structure include the following: (1) Staff are closely aligned with the 'Project/facility' that they are assigned to support; (2) Engineering priorities are managed to be consistent with the 'Project/facility' priorities; (3) Individual Engineering managers are accountable for identifying staffing needs and the filling of staffing positions; (4) Budget priorities are managed within the local organization structure; (5) Rather than being considered a 'functional' organization, engineering is considered a part of a line, direct funded organization; (6) The central engineering organization is able to provide 'overview' activities and maintain independence from the engineering organizations in the field; and (7) The central engineering organization is able to maintain a stable of specialized experts that are able to provide independent reviews of field projects and day-to-day activities.

  3. 48 CFR 970.2305 - Workplace substance abuse programs-management and operating contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Workplace substance abuse programs-management and operating contracts. 970.2305 Section 970.2305 Federal Acquisition Regulations... Work Place 970.2305 Workplace substance abuse programs—management and operating contracts....

  4. Academic health systems management: the rationale behind capitated contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taheri, P A; Butz, D A; Greenfield, L J

    2000-06-01

    To determine why hospitals enter into "capitated" contracts, which often generate accounting losses. The authors' hypothesis is that hospitals coordinate contracts to keep beds full and that in principal, capitated contracts reflect sound capacity management. In high-overhead industries, different consumers pay different prices for similar services (e.g., full-fare vs. advanced-purchase plane tickets, full tuition vs. financial aid). Some consumers gain access by paying less than total cost. Hospitals, like other high-overhead business enterprises, must optimize the use of their capacity, amortizing overhead over as many patients as possible. This necessity for enhanced throughput forces hospitals and health systems to discount empty beds, sometimes to the point where they incur accounting losses serving some payors. The authors analyzed the cost accounting system at their university teaching hospital to compare hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) lengths of stay (LOS), variable direct costs (VDC), overhead of capitated patients, and reimbursement versus other payors for all hospital discharges (n = 29,036) in fiscal year 1998. The data were analyzed by diagnosis-related groups (DRGs), length of stay (LOS), insurance carrier, proximity to hospital, and discharge disposition. Patients were then distinguished across payor categories based on their resource utilization, proximity to the hospital, DRG, LOS, and discharge status. The mean cost for capitated patients was $4,887, less than half of the mean cost of $10,394 for the entire hospitalized population. The mean capitated reimbursement was $928/day, exceeding the mean daily VDC of $616 but not the total cost of $1,445/day. Moreover, the mean total cost per patient day of treating a capitated patient was $400 less than the mean total cost per day for noncapitated patients. The hospital's capitated health maintenance organization (HMO) patients made up 16. 0% of the total admissions but only 9.4% of the total

  5. Contracts and management services site support program plan WBS 6.10.14

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knoll, J.M. Jr.

    1994-09-01

    Contracts and Management Services is recognized as the central focal point for programs having company or sitewide application in pursuit of the Hanford Missions`s financial and operational objectives. Contracts and Management Services actively pursues cost savings and operational efficiencies through: Management Standards by ensuring all employees have an accessible, integrated system of clear, complete, accurate, timely, and useful management control policies and procedures; Contract Reform by restructuring the contract, organization, and cost accounting systems to refocus Hanford contract activities on output products; Systems and Operations Evaluation by directing the Cost Reduction program, Great Ideas, and Span of Management activities; Program Administration by enforcing conditions of Accountability (whether DEAR-based or FAR-based) for WHC, BCSR, ICF KH, and BHI; Contract Performance activities; chairing the WHC Cost Reduction Review Board; and analyzing companywide Performance Measures; Data Standards and Administration by establishing and directing the company data management program; giving direction to the major RL programs and mission areas for implementation of cost-effective and efficient data management practices; directing all operations, application, and interfaces contained within the Hanford PeopleCore System; directing accomplishment and delivery of TPA data management milestones; and directing the sitewide data management processes for Data Standards and the Data Directory.

  6. HOW TO COMPILE A PROJECT MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR AN OVERSEAS CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION PROJECT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李彦

    2010-01-01

    @@ Generally before the commencement of an international project contract,the Client and the Consulting Engineer may require the Contractor to submit a relevant Project Management Plan(PMP)according to the provisions prescribed in the tender documents or contract documents within a specified period of time.The approved PMP by the Client and the Consulting Engineer shall be strictly abided by the Contractor during the whole process of contract implementation.

  7. A Benefit Measurement Framework for an Online Contract Change Management System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ming Sun; Tejas Oza

    2008-01-01

    The contract change management (CCM) system is an online collaboration tool, which supports the contract change management process of new engineering contract (NEC) contract. It is currently used in practice on a wide range of civil, power, and building projects in the UK. The aim of this study is first to iden-tify the tangible and intangible benefits of the system through a user survey; then to develop a framework to measure these benefits. A questionnaire survey is conducted, which reveals that CCM can help project teams improve process effectiveness, reduce risk of process failures, and increase the compliance with NEC requirements. Subsequently, a spreadsheet tool is developed to allow CCM users to calculate the tan-gible cost savings as a result of using the system. For intangible benefits, a change management maturity model (CM3) is developed, which provides a measurement framework for assessing the improvement of a project team's capability in dealing with contract changes.

  8. Capitalizing on fine milk composition for breeding and management of dairy cows.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gengler, N; Soyeurt, H; Dehareng, F; Bastin, C; Colinet, F; Hammami, H; Vanrobays, M-L; Lainé, A; Vanderick, S; Grelet, C; Vanlierde, A; Froidmont, E; Dardenne, P

    2016-05-01

    The challenge of managing and breeding dairy cows is permanently adapting to changing production circumstances under socio-economic constraints. If managing and breeding address different timeframes of action, both need relevant phenotypes that allow for precise monitoring of the status of the cows, and their health, behavior, and well-being as well as their environmental impact and the quality of their products (i.e., milk and subsequently dairy products). Milk composition has been identified as an important source of information because it could reflect, at least partially, all these elements. Major conventional milk components such as fat, protein, urea, and lactose contents are routinely predicted by mid-infrared (MIR) spectrometry and have been widely used for these purposes. But, milk composition is much more complex and other nonconventional milk components, potentially predicted by MIR, might be informative. Such new milk-based phenotypes should be considered given that they are cheap, rapidly obtained, usable on a large scale, robust, and reliable. In a first approach, new phenotypes can be predicted from MIR spectra using techniques based on classical prediction equations. This method was used successfully for many novel traits (e.g., fatty acids, lactoferrin, minerals, milk technological properties, citrate) that can be then useful for management and breeding purposes. An innovation was to consider the longitudinal nature of the relationship between the trait of interest and the MIR spectra (e.g., to predict methane from MIR). By avoiding intermediate steps, prediction errors can be minimized when traits of interest (e.g., methane, energy balance, ketosis) are predicted directly from MIR spectra. In a second approach, research is ongoing to detect and exploit patterns in an innovative manner, by comparing observed with expected MIR spectra directly (e.g., pregnancy). All of these traits can then be used to define best practices, adjust feeding and health

  9. Conceptual ecological model for management of breeding shrubland birds in the Mid-Atlantic Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterjohn, Bruce G.

    2006-01-01

    While grassland birds have become the focus of increased conservation activities, the status of birds occupying shrubland habitats has received relatively little attention (Hunter et al. 2001). Yet, in eastern North America, shrubland birds exhibited consistent population declines during the past 40 years, based on data from the North American Breeding Bird Survey (Pardieck and Sauer 2001). These population declines primarily reflect large-scale changes in land use patterns during the previous century (Lorimer 2001). Large areas of marginal farmland were abandoned and underwent secondary succession during the first half of the twentieth century, producing abundant successional habitats favored by shrubland birds. As these habitats matured, combined with strict fire-suppression policies (Hunter et al. 2001), shrublands succeeded into mature forests, and shrubland bird communities were replaced by woodland birds (Irland 1982; Askins 1993). For example, while nearly 29% of New England forests were classified as sapling stage in 1950, only 8% remained at that stage in the 1980s (Askins 1993). The trend towards forest maturation and loss of shrubland habitats continues, yet concerted conservation activities have not been directed to benefit declining shrubland bird populations. The National Park Service (NPS) could contribute to shrubland bird conservation in the Mid- Atlantic Region. The NPS maintains a number of historic sites and former battlefields managed for their cultural significance but also support wildlife populations. Many of these “cultural parks” maintain open landscapes, recreating land use patterns existing at the times of the historical events. While these open landscapes are frequently managed grasslands, some parks also support successional habitats that could be managed to benefit shrubland birds. In 2005, the NPS initiated a project exploring the potential of “cultural parks” to support significant breeding grassland and shrubland bird

  10. Heuristic approach for risk assessment modeling: EPCCM application (Engineer Procure Construct Contract Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali F. Bakr

    2012-12-01

    Finally, EPCCM; modeling system is created to assist contract administrators, to diminish time, effort, wading back and forth between construction cases and developed projects. The result is a more efficient and proactive contract management environment by providing database for lessons learned in addition to tracking ongoing projects contractual risks, and consequently for issuing relevant decisions and activity plans.

  11. Performance Contracting as a Performance Management Tool in the Public Sector in Kenya: Lessons of learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hope, Kempe Ronald, Sr.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to provide an assessment and analysis of public sector performance contracting as a performance management tool in Kenya. It aims to demonstrate that performance contracting remains a viable and important tool for improving public sector performance as a key element of the on-going public sector transformation…

  12. Mission and Installation Contracting Command Services Acquisition: Empirical Analysis of Army Service Contract Management Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    The two theories we discuss are the agency and transaction cost theory. We present the conceptual framework of these theories and discuss how... transaction cost theory takes into account indirect costs associated with a product or service (Williamson, 2010). In application, analyzing the costs...explanation for why LPTA was the preferred method can be attributed to the transaction cost theory, which may explain why contracting offices may

  13. Conceptual ecological model for management of breeding grassland birds in the Mid-Atlantic Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterjohn, Bruce G.

    2006-01-01

    The status of grassland birds has become an increasingly important conservation issue. These species exhibit the most consistent population declines of any group of North American birds during the past 40 years. Anecdotal evidence suggests these declines have been occurring for nearly a century (Peterjohn and Sauer 1999). While the widespread conversion of grasslands into other habitats contributed to these declining populations, other factors such as habitat fragmentation and mowing regimes are also implicated (Vickery et al. 1999a). This plight of grassland birds has heightened awareness of the need for concerted conservation actions to reverse these seriously declining population trends. The National Park Service (NPS) is positioned to potentially contribute to grassland bird conservation in the Mid-Atlantic Region. The NPS maintains a number of historic sites and former battlefields that are managed for their cultural significance but also support wildlife populations. Many of these “cultural parks” maintain open landscapes to recreate land use patterns that existed at the times of the historical events. These open landscapes are primarily managed grasslands which could be maintained to benefit grassland birds. In 2005, the NPS initiated a project exploring the potential of “cultural parks” to support significant breeding grassland bird communities. This project involved parks within three NPS Inventory and Monitoring Program (I&M) networks, Mid-Atlantic, National Capital, and Eastern Rivers and Mountains. Five parks were selected for the initial focus of this study, all of which maintain open landscapes for interpretation of historic events. Most parks were selected because they represent the most extensive grassland habitats within their networks, with the rationale that if these parks cannot support significant breeding grassland bird communities, then parks with smaller acreages cannot support these communities either. The five parks included in

  14. Crisis Water Management and Ibis Breeding at Narran Lakes in Arid Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandis, K. J.; Kingsford, R. T.; Ren, S.; Ramp, D.

    2011-09-01

    Narran Lakes is a Ramsar site recognised for its importance for colonial waterbird breeding, which only occurs after large highly variable flooding events. In 2008, 74,095 pairs of ibis bred for the first time in seven years, establishing two contiguous colonies, a month apart. Most (97%) of the colony consisted of the straw-necked ibis ( Threskiornis spinicollis) with the remainder consisting of glossy ibis (2%, Plegadis falcinellus) and Australian white ibis (1%, T. molucca) . Following cessation of river flows, water levels fell rapidly in the colony site, resulting in a crisis management decision by governments to purchase and deliver water (10,423 Ml) to avert mass desertion of the colonies. There were significant differences in the reproductive success of each colony. In colony 1 60% of eggs hatched and 94% of chicks fledged, while in colony 2 40% of eggs hatched with only 17% of chicks fledging. Statistical analyses found that water depth was a significant variable in determining reproductive success. Rapid falls in water level during the chick stage in colony 2 resulted in decreased chick and overall offspring success. The results of this study identify the impact of upstream water resource development on colonial waterbird breeding and have implications for water management policies.

  15. Mission and Installation Contracting Command Services Acquisition: Empirical Analysis of Army Service Contract Management Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-10

    reform procurement and oversight of services acquisition. Furthermore, another important motive for reform is the current budget crisis the United...63 154 ch i ‐square d  S tat 13.6206 d f 1 p ‐value    0.0002 ch i ‐square d   Critica l   3.8415 Use  o f  IGEs  fo r Contracts  Ove r $  100K

  16. Actions to Align Defense Contract Management Agency and Defense Contract Audit Agency Functions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-13

    Contracting Otlicersmight n<!ed to analyze proposals. It is speciti~lly with this capablllry in mind tlu~t the decision was made. While il is rccogniu...involving pricing. fo rward pricing. final overhead and CAS cost impact seulements. The DCMA Mission Review Team ( MRT ) will also review the case lites...and regulations. We will report results of the MRT reviews in these areas on a semi-annual basis for the remainder ofFY 2012 and FY 20 l 3. (b

  17. Trust-based or performance-based management: a study of employment contracting in hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pettersen, Inger Johanne

    2011-01-01

    Hospitals are frequently changing managerial practices due to numerous public sector reforms taking place. In general, these reforms include the making and monitoring of contracts that regulate relations between the hospitals and their professional staffs. The aim of this paper is to discuss some main characteristics of the contracts that regulate the perceived relations between physicians as employees and the public hospital as employer. The theoretical framework is based on a contract theory approach. The empirical data is based on survey data from full-time employed physicians in the medical and surgical divisions in one of the largest university hospitals in Norway. This study shows that perceived obligations and psychological contracts indicate high degree of relational contracts between the hospital and the physicians. These socio-cultural elements should be recognized as important mechanisms of coordination and communication when policy makers and hospital managers are designing hospital management control systems.

  18. Customer relationship management in the contract pharmaceutical industry: an exploratory study for measuring success.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kros, John F; Nadler, Scott; Molis, Justin

    2007-01-01

    Managing customer relationships is a very important issue in business-to-business markets. This research investigates the growing number of available resources defining Customer Relationship Management (CRM) efforts, and how they are being applied within the Contract Pharmaceutical Manufacturing industry. Exploratory study results using face-to-face and telephone questionnaires based on four criteria for rating a company's CRM efforts are presented. Data was collected from large Contract Pharmaceutical Manufacturing companies in the US market. The results and conclusions are discussed relating how the Contract Pharmaceutical Manufacturing industry is implementing CRM including some potential steps to take when considering a CRM initiative.

  19. Why Training for Service Contract Management is Mission Essential

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-11-01

    The widely reported overcharging by Kellogg Brown & Root for gasoline during the Iraq invasion, the Abu Ghraib prisoner abuse scandal , and the Air...contracting adage says, Where there is no audit, there is no ethics. The recent Enron debacle provides an excellent example of just how true this adage can

  20. Contract System for Circulation of the Right to Rural Land Contractual Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    From the perspective of civil subject theory,law of value,comparative law and history of laws,the thesis expounds that the contract on the transfer of the contractual right of rural lands is in nature a civil contract instead of an administrative one.Then it explores the defects in the contract from the viewpoint of legal value goal,contract law and legal sociology,that is,the relevant provisions in Rural Land Contract Law and Explanations of Supreme People’s Court about the Issues concerning the Laws Applicable to the Trial of Cases of Disputes over Rural Land Contracting go against the principle of free contracting and run counter to the legal value goal of justice,so they do not achieve good implementing effect.Finally,the thesis demonstrates and makes some practical legislative proposals to perfect the contract system for circulation of the right to operate constructed rural lands,aiming at improving the circulation rate through perfecting the contract of the right to rural land contractual management,solving the disputes in rural lands circulation and safeguarding the legitimate rights of the farmers.

  1. PROFILE: Integrated Management to Create New Breeding Habitat for Dalmatian Pelicans (Pelecanus crispus) in Greece

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pyrovetsi

    1997-09-01

    / An integrated management plan to create favorable nesting habitat for the world-endangered Dalmatian pelicans, was tested at Kerkini irrigation reservoir, a Ramsar wetland. The lake is the major wintering site of Dalmatian pelicans in Europe, where the species lives year-round without breeding. The rise of water level at the reservoir during spring (exceeding 5 m) has an impact on the whole system, including several birds, which lose their nesting habitat. Although the integrity of the wetland demands ecological restoration with changes in its hydrologic regime, local socioeconomic conditions allow only habitat level interventions. During the planning phase of the management plan, both the ecological and social context of the interventions were considered. Monitoring of all pelican habitats and populations provided the scientific basis, while a socioecological survey on knowledge/attitudes of local fishermen toward wetland identified conflicts with specific resources and planned management. To gain public support, a broad information/education program was implemented. The education program for fishermen was based on the findings of the socioecological survey. The in situ management involved experimental construction of floating rafts, platforms over water, dredged-spoil islands, and platforms at various sites of the wetland. Monitoring of the managed habitats showed that most waterbirds used them for resting and roosting. Common terns nested on the rafts, cormorants on the platforms, and Dalmatian pelicans on the man-made island. Under the prevailing hydrologic and weather conditions, islands seem to be the most suitable habitat for pelican nesting. It is concluded that wildlife habitat management should integrate the ecological component, related to the needs of the species and ecosystem, with the social one, expressed by cooperation and involvement of the local community.KEY WORDS: Integrated management; Pelican; Nesting habitat; Habitat management; Reservoir

  2. A Contract That Manages Itself: The Time Has Arrived

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-01

    unlike a relational database that stores and retrieves data items, an ontologi - cal database system brings understanding into the realm of data queries...tological database will solve this problem. In the intelligent contract paradigm, an ontological da- tabase will be developed to link data from the...reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of

  3. Habitat Requirements of Breeding Black-Backed Woodpeckers (Picoides arcticus in Managed, Unburned Boreal Forest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junior A. Tremblay

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available We investigated home-range characteristics and habitat selection by Black-backed Woodpeckers (Picoides arcticus in an unburned, boreal forest landscape managed by mosaic harvesting in Quebec, Canada. Habitat selection by this species was specifically examined to determine home-range establishment and foraging activities. We hypothesized that Black-backed Woodpeckers would respond to harvesting by adjusting their home-range size as a function of the amount of dead wood available. Twenty-two birds were tracked using radiotelemetry, and reliable estimates of home-range size were obtained for seven breeding individuals (six males and one female. The average home-range size was 151.5 ± 18.8 ha (range: 100.4-256.4 ha. Our results indicate that this species establishes home ranges in areas where both open and forested habitats are available. However, during foraging activities, individuals preferentially selected areas dominated by old coniferous stands. The study also showed that the spatial distribution of preferred foraging habitat patches influenced space use, with home-range area increasing with the median distance between old coniferous habitat patches available within the landscape. Finally, these data show that Black-backed Woodpeckers may successfully breed in an unburned forest with at least 35 m3 • ha-1 of dead wood, of which 42% (15 m3 • ha-1 is represented by dead wood at the early decay stage.

  4. Breeding Biology of Grassland Birds in Western New York: Conservation and Management Implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher J. Norment

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Declining grassland breeding bird populations have led to increased efforts to assess habitat quality, typically by estimating density or relative abundance. Because some grassland habitats may function as ecological traps, a more appropriate metric for determining quality may be breeding success. Between 1994 and 2003 we gathered data on the nest fates of Eastern Meadowlarks (Sturnella magna, Bobolinks (Dolichonyx oryzivorous, and Savannah Sparrows (Passerculus sandwichensis in a series of fallow fields and pastures/hayfields in western New York State. We calculated daily survival probabilities using the Mayfield method, and used the logistic-exposure method to model effects of predictor variables on nest success. Nest survival probabilities were 0.464 for Eastern Meadowlarks (n = 26, 0.483 for Bobolinks (n = 91, and 0.585 for Savannah Sparrows (n = 152. Fledge dates for first clutches ranged between 14 June and 23 July. Only one obligate grassland bird nest was parasitized by Brown-headed Cowbirds (Molothrus ater, for an overall brood parasitism rate of 0.004. Logistic-exposure models indicated that daily nest survival probabilities were higher in pastures/hayfields than in fallow fields. Our results, and those from other studies in the Northeast, suggest that properly managed cool season grassland habitats in the region may not act as ecological traps, and that obligate grassland birds in the region may have greater nest survival probabilities, and lower rates of Brown-headed Cowbird parasitism, than in many parts of the Midwest.

  5. An Experimental Test of Buffer Utility as a Technique for Managing Pool-Breeding Amphibians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Jessica S Veysey; Babbitt, Kimberly J

    2015-01-01

    Vegetated buffers are used extensively to manage wetland-dependent wildlife. Despite widespread application, buffer utility has not been experimentally validated for most species. To address this gap, we conducted a six-year, landscape-scale experiment, testing how buffers of different widths affect the demographic structure of two amphibian species at 11 ephemeral pools in a working forest of the northeastern U.S. We randomly assigned each pool to one of three treatments (i.e., reference, 100m buffer, 30m buffer) and clearcut to create buffers. We captured all spotted salamanders and wood frogs breeding in each pool and examined the impacts of treatment and hydroperiod on breeding-population abundance, sex ratio, and recapture rate. The negative effects of clearcutting tended to increase as forest-buffer width decreased and be strongest for salamanders and when other stressors were present (e.g., at short-hydroperiod pools). Recapture rates were reduced in the 30m, but not 100m, treatment. Throughout the experiment for frogs, and during the first year post-cut for salamanders, the predicted mean proportion of recaptured adults in the 30m treatment was only 62% and 40%, respectively, of that in the reference treatment. Frog sex ratio and abundance did not differ across treatments, but salamander sex ratios were increasingly male-biased in both cut treatments. By the final year, there were on average, only about 40% and 65% as many females predicted in the 100m and 30m treatments, respectively, compared to the first year. Breeding salamanders at short-hydroperiod pools were about 10% as abundant in the 100m versus reference treatment. Our study demonstrates that buffers partially mitigate the impacts of habitat disturbance on wetland-dependent amphibians, but buffer width and hydroperiod critically mediate that process. We provide the first experimental evidence showing that 30-m-wide buffers may be insufficient for maintaining resilient breeding populations of pool

  6. An Experimental Test of Buffer Utility as a Technique for Managing Pool-Breeding Amphibians.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessica S Veysey Powell

    Full Text Available Vegetated buffers are used extensively to manage wetland-dependent wildlife. Despite widespread application, buffer utility has not been experimentally validated for most species. To address this gap, we conducted a six-year, landscape-scale experiment, testing how buffers of different widths affect the demographic structure of two amphibian species at 11 ephemeral pools in a working forest of the northeastern U.S. We randomly assigned each pool to one of three treatments (i.e., reference, 100m buffer, 30m buffer and clearcut to create buffers. We captured all spotted salamanders and wood frogs breeding in each pool and examined the impacts of treatment and hydroperiod on breeding-population abundance, sex ratio, and recapture rate. The negative effects of clearcutting tended to increase as forest-buffer width decreased and be strongest for salamanders and when other stressors were present (e.g., at short-hydroperiod pools. Recapture rates were reduced in the 30m, but not 100m, treatment. Throughout the experiment for frogs, and during the first year post-cut for salamanders, the predicted mean proportion of recaptured adults in the 30m treatment was only 62% and 40%, respectively, of that in the reference treatment. Frog sex ratio and abundance did not differ across treatments, but salamander sex ratios were increasingly male-biased in both cut treatments. By the final year, there were on average, only about 40% and 65% as many females predicted in the 100m and 30m treatments, respectively, compared to the first year. Breeding salamanders at short-hydroperiod pools were about 10% as abundant in the 100m versus reference treatment. Our study demonstrates that buffers partially mitigate the impacts of habitat disturbance on wetland-dependent amphibians, but buffer width and hydroperiod critically mediate that process. We provide the first experimental evidence showing that 30-m-wide buffers may be insufficient for maintaining resilient breeding

  7. [Breeding and management of mycobacteria-free guinea pigs (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazda, J

    1976-08-01

    A number of mycobacterial species are detectable under conventional holding condition of guinea pigs. These mycobacteria originating in drinking water and litter caused cross reactions in the Jones-Mote hypersensitivity test. Using suitable precautions it was possible to breed and hold the animals mycobacteria-free. The precautions depend mainly in alteration of the wire mesh floor in cages to avoide the contact of the animals with the litter, in cleaning and desinfection of water bottles, in using of heated water and food and in the prevention of mycobacterial contamination from the staff. The control examination on mycobacteria without treating is given in details. Cases are refered in which a oral rece ption of mycobacteria can alter the immune response. The modification of guinea pigs management to the mycobacteria-free ones is possible in a short time and with minimal cost.

  8. The economical contracting management in Agricultural Cooperatives: tools for evaluating their performance.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Enrique Viña Echevarría

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The economic and management contracts involve strategic actions, legal and operational purposes that make possible to convert the goal of an organization on results that express the fulfillment of the mandates and satisfies customers on the basis of the duties and obligations set out in the negotiating document. This article aims to get inside into the performance evaluation of the management of the recruitment of Agricultural Cooperatives and to reflex about the insufficiencies evidenced in this process. To which we developed a theoretical valuation and economic procurement praxiological showing a group of deficiencies that have impacted in the contracts management The study was able to obtain, process, analyze, interpret and argue the problems associated with economic contracting and justify the need to propose a system of indicators to assess recruitment management Agricultural Cooperatives in the province of Sancti Spiritus, the results revealed the ineffectiveness of the process and the negative impact on the productive base.

  9. Implementation guide for Hanford Tanks Initiative C-106 heel retrieval contract management HNF-2511

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McDaniel, L.B.

    1998-04-17

    This report is an Implementation Guide for Hanford Tanks Initiative C-106 heel retrieval contract management HNF-2511 to provide a set of uniform instructions for managing the two contractors selected. The primary objective is to produce the necessary deliverables and services for the HTI project within schedule and budget.

  10. Air Force Civil Engineer Center Management of Energy Savings Performance Contracts Needs Improvement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-04

    generated a database of trained Air Force personnel. Air Force Energy Office officials stated that they did not reach out to DOE-FEMP to track Air Force...completed, and terminated Air Force energy -savings performance-contract projects. The database should include, but not be limited to, appropriate...Force Civil Engineer Center Management of Energy Savings Performance Contracts Needs Improvement M A Y 4 , 2 0 1 6 Report No. DODIG-2016-087 Mission

  11. Pre-breeding blood urea nitrogen concentration and reproductive performance of Bonsmara heifers within different management systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tshuma, Takula; Holm, Dietmar Erik; Fosgate, Geoffrey Theodore; Lourens, Dirk Cornelius

    2014-08-01

    This study investigated the association between pre-breeding blood urea nitrogen (BUN) concentration and reproductive performance of beef heifers within different management systems in South Africa. Bonsmara heifers (n = 369) from five herds with different estimated levels of nitrogen intake during the month prior to the commencement of the breeding season were sampled in November and December 2010 to determine BUN concentrations. Body mass, age, body condition score (BCS) and reproductive tract score (RTS) were recorded at study enrolment. Trans-rectal ultrasound and/or palpation was performed 4-8 weeks after a 3-month breeding season to estimate the stage of pregnancy. Days to pregnancy (DTP) was defined as the number of days from the start of the breeding season until the estimated conception date. Logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards survival analysis were performed to estimate the association of pre-breeding BUN concentration with subsequent pregnancy and DTP, respectively. After stratifying for herd and adjusting for age, heifers with relatively higher pre-breeding BUN concentration took longer to become pregnant when compared to those with relatively lower BUN concentration (P = 0.011). In the herd with the highest estimated nitrogen intake (n = 143), heifers with relatively higher BUN were less likely to become pregnant (P = 0.013) and if they did, it was only later during the breeding season (P = 0.017), after adjusting for body mass. These associations were not present in the herd (n = 106) with the lowest estimated nitrogen intake (P > 0.500). It is concluded that Bonsmara heifers with relatively higher pre-breeding BUN concentration, might be at a disadvantage because of this negative impact on reproductive performance, particularly when the production system includes high levels of nitrogen intake.

  12. Privacy Management Contracts And Economics, Using Service Level Agreements (Sla)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L-F. Pau (Louis-François)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractRecognizing the importance of privacy management as a business process and a business support process, this paper proposes the use of service level agreements around privacy features, including qualitative and quantitative ones. It also casts privacy management into a business

  13. Privacy Management Contracts And Economics, Using Service Level Agreements (Sla)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L-F. Pau (Louis-François)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractRecognizing the importance of privacy management as a business process and a business support process, this paper proposes the use of service level agreements around privacy features, including qualitative and quantitative ones. It also casts privacy management into a business perspectiv

  14. Army Contracting Command - Aberdeen Proving Ground Contracting Center’s Management of Noncompetitive Awards Was Generally Justified

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-19

    officer , the J&A should have been documented in the Army Paperless Contract File system; however, we did not find evidence of a completed J&A in the Army... Paperless Contract File system. The contracting officer also stated that a contract specialist uploaded the electronic contract documentation to...reports or contact the Secondary Reports Distribution Unit auditnet@dodig.mil. Suggestions for Audits To suggest or request audits, contact the Office

  15. DCASR (Defense Contract Administration Service Region), Boston Is the Customer’s Voice. Total Quality Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-10-01

    This document contains information concerning actions taken in FY 89 to implement Total Quality Management at Defense Contract Administration Services Region, Boston. Results of Quality Improvement efforts are discussed in detail. Management by planning vision elements which drive the DCASR Boston approach to management are customer focus, process focus and measures of vision attainment. Each of the elements is discussed in depth. Keywords: Continuous process improvement; Quality improvement prototype nomination.

  16. Archive eggs: a research and management tool for avian conservation breeding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Des H.V.; Moehrenschlager, Axel; Christensen, Nancy; Knapik, Dwight; Gibson, Keith; Converse, Sarah J.

    2012-01-01

    Worldwide, approximately 168 bird species are captive-bred for reintroduction into the wild. Programs tend to be initiated for species with a high level of endangerment. Depressed hatching success can be a problem for such programs and has been linked to artificial incubation. The need for artificial incubation is driven by the practice of multiclutching to increase egg production or by uncertainty over the incubation abilities of captive birds. There has been little attempt to determine how artificial incubation differs from bird-contact incubation. We describe a novel archive (data-logger) egg and use it to compare temperature, humidity, and egg-turning in 5 whooping crane (Grus americana) nests, 4 sandhill crane (G. canadensis) nests, and 3 models of artificial incubator; each of which are used to incubate eggs in whooping crane captive-breeding programs. Mean incubation temperature was 31.7° C for whooping cranes and 32.83° C for sandhill cranes. This is well below that of the artificial incubators (which were set based on a protocol of 37.6° C). Humidity in crane nests varied considerably, but median humidity in all 3 artificial incubators was substantially different from that in the crane nests. Two artificial incubators failed to turn the eggs in a way that mimicked crane egg-turning. Archive eggs are an effective tool for guiding the management of avian conservation breeding programs, and can be custom-made for other species. They also have potential to be applied to research on wild populations.

  17. Irrigation Strategies and Crop Breeding As Complementary Measures for Improved Water Management and Ecosystem Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vico, G.; Manzoni, S.; Weih, M.; Porporato, A. M.

    2014-12-01

    The projected population growth and changes in climate and dietary habits will further increase the pressure on water resources globally. Within precision farming, a host of technical solutions has been developed to reduce water consumption for agricultural uses. Examples are the shift from scheduled to demand-based irrigation and the use of sophisticated water distribution techniques. The next frontier for a more sustainable agriculture is the combination of reduced water requirements with enhanced ecosystem services. Currently, staple grains are obtained from annuals crops. Enhanced ecosystem services could be obtained shifting from annual to perennial crops, obtained by means of targeted breeding. In fact, perennial plants, with their continuous soil cover and the higher allocation of resources to the below ground, contribute to the reduction of soil erosion, water and nutrient losses, while enhancing carbon sequestration in the root zone. We explore here the implications for water management at the field- to farm-scale of both improved irrigation methods and targeted breeding. A probabilistic description of the soil water balance and crop development is employed to quantify water requirements and yields and their inter-annual variability, as a function of rainfall patterns, soil and crop features. Optimal irrigation strategies are thus defined in terms of maximization of yield and minimization of required irrigation volumes and their inter-annual variability. The probabilistic model is parameterized based on an extensive meta-analysis of traits of co-generic annual and perennial species (including both selected and wild species) to explore the consequences for water requirements of shifting from annual to perennial crops under current and future climates. The larger and more developed roots of perennial crops may allow a better exploitation of soil water resources than annual species. At the same time, perennial crops may require adequate water supply for

  18. Avian response to timber harvesting applied experimentally to manage Cerulean Warbler breeding populations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheehan, James; Wood, Petra Bohall; Buehler, David A.; Keyser, Patrick D.; Larkin, Jeffrey L.; Rodewald, Amanda D.; Wigley, T. Bently; Boves, Than J.; George, Gregory A.; Bakermans, Marja H.; Beachy, Tiffany A.; Evans, Andrea; McDermott, Molly E.; Newell, Felicity L.; Perkins, Kelly A.; White, Matthew

    2014-01-01

    Timber harvesting has been proposed as a management tool to enhance breeding habitat for the Cerulean Warbler (Setophaga cerulea), a declining Neotropical–Nearctic migratory songbird that nests in the canopy of mature eastern deciduous forests. To evaluate how this single-species management focus might fit within an ecologically based management approach for multiple forest birds, we performed a manipulative experiment using four treatments (three intensities of timber harvests and an unharvested control) at each of seven study areas within the core Cerulean Warbler breeding range. We collected pre-harvest (one year) and post-harvest (four years) data on the territory density of Cerulean Warblers and six additional focal species, avian community relative abundance, and several key habitat variables. We evaluated the avian and habitat responses across the 3–32 m2 ha−1 residual basal area (RBA) range of the treatments. Cerulean Warbler territory density peaked with medium RBA (∼16 m2 ha−1). In contrast, territory densities of the other focal species were negatively related to RBA (e.g., Hooded Warbler [Setophaga citrina]), were positively related to RBA (e.g., Ovenbird [Seiurus aurocapilla]), or were not sensitive to this measure (Scarlet Tanager [Piranga olivacea]). Some species (e.g., Hooded Warbler) increased with time post-treatment and were likely tied to a developing understory, whereas declines (e.g., Ovenbird) were immediate. Relative abundance responses of additional species were consistent with the territory density responses of the focal species. Across the RBA gradient, greatest separation in the avian community was between early successional forest species (e.g., Yellow-breasted Chat [Icteria virens]) and closed-canopy mature forest species (e.g., Ovenbird), with the Cerulean Warbler and other species located intermediate to these two extremes. Overall, our results suggest that harvests within 10–20 m2 ha−1 RBA yield the largest

  19. Reduction of construction wastes by improving construction contract management: a multinational evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendis, Daylath; Hewage, Kasun N; Wrzesniewski, Joanna

    2013-10-01

    The Canadian construction industry generates 30% of the total municipal solid waste deposited in landfills. Ample evidence can be found in the published literature about rework and waste generation due to ambiguity and errors in contract documents. Also, the literature quotes that disclaimer clauses in contract documents are included in the contractual agreements to prevent contractor claims, which often cause rework. Our professional practice has also noted that there are several disclaimer clauses in standard contract documents which have the potential to cause rework (and associated waste). This article illustrates a comparative study of standard contractual documents and their potential to create rework (and associated waste) in different regions of the world. The objectives of this study are (1) to analyse standard contractual documents in Canada, the USA and Australia in terms of their potential to generate rework and waste, and (2) to propose changes/amendments to the existing standard contract documents to minimise/avoid rework. In terms of construction waste management, all the reviewed standard contract documents have deficiencies. The parties that produce the contract documents include exculpatory clauses to avoid the other party's claims. This approach tends to result in rework and construction waste. The contractual agreements/contract documents should be free from errors, deficiencies, ambiguity and unfair risk transfers to minimise/avoid potential to generate rework and waste.

  20. Management of drug-resistant cyathostominosis on a breeding farm in central North Carolina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Little, D; Flowers, J R; Hammerberg, B H; Gardner, S Y

    2003-05-01

    Possible anthelmintic resistance on a breeding farm where a rapid rotation anthelmintic programme had been implemented for 9 years was investigated. Cyathostomins resistant to fenbendazole and pyrantel were documented by faecal worm egg count reduction test (FWECRT). To 1) manage small strongyle transmission in a herd of horses in which resistance to both pyrantel pamoate and fenbendazole was identified and thereby reduce the risk of clinical disease in the individual animal, 2) monitor the change in resistance patterns over time and 3) monitor the efficacy of ivermectin over the study period. Targeted ivermectin treatment of horses on the farm was instituted for mature horses with faecal worm egg counts (FWEC) > 200 eggs/g (epg) and for horses 100 epg. Over a 30 month period, targeted ivermectin treatment achieved acceptable control in mares, as judged by FWEC, and improved control of patent cyathostome infection in consecutive foal crops. Egg reappearance time (ERT) after treatment with ivermectin was managing multiple drug resistant cyathostominosis. Use of ivermectin should be monitored closely for development of resistance.

  1. Defense Procurement: An Analysis of Contract Management Internal Controls

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-22

    organization’s transformation in its governance and knowledge management capabilities. Power states, “Auditability is a condition of possibility of all...inspection and auditing practices and also a mode of organizational transformation ” (2007, p. 14). This organizational transformation occurs when...Inflated, or Duplicate Invoices Unbalanced Bidding False Statement and Claims Acquisition Research Program Graduate School of Business

  2. Post–breeding movements and migration patterns of western populations of common quail (Coturnix coturnix: from knowledge to hunting management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez–Teijeiro, J. D.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigated the patterns of post–breeding movements of the common quail (Coturnix coturnix in the Iberian peninsula with the aim of describing its migratory phenology and some physiological features of individuals. This information is needed to adjust hunting seasons in an optimal way. We worked with two data–sets: a captures made in a non–breeding site (Garraf from August to October in 2009 and 2010; b post–breeding recoveries of individuals ringed in Europe and recaptured in Spain between 1933 and 2005. The results showed that post–breeding movements in Garraf occur in two waves: a first wave that occurs around 10 VIII and is mainly composed of non–sexually active yearlings that do not correspond physiologically to migrants, and a second much more intense wave, which occurs around 17 IX and is mainly composed of non–sexually active migrant yearlings. The hunting season in Spain takes place mainly during the first wave, preserving the passage of migrant individuals from Spain and other European countries. Information on the post–breeding movements in other Spanish regions and other European countries where the common quail is a popular game species would improve timing between the hunting season and migration by providing more precise recommendations for hunting management.

  3. Breeding birds in managed forests on public conservation lands in the Mississippi Alluvial Valley

    Science.gov (United States)

    Twedt, Daniel J.; Wilson, R. Randy

    2017-01-01

    Managers of public conservation lands in the Mississippi Alluvial Valley have implemented forest management strategies to improve bottomland hardwood habitat for target wildlife species. Through implementation of various silvicultural practices, forest managers have sought to attain forest structural conditions (e.g., canopy cover, basal area, etc.) within values postulated to benefit wildlife. We evaluated data from point count surveys of breeding birds on 180 silviculturally treated stands (1049 counts) that ranged from 1 to 20 years post-treatment and 134 control stands (676 counts) that had not been harvested for >20 years. Birds detected during 10-min counts were recorded within four distance classes and three time intervals. Avian diversity was greater on treated stands than on unharvested stands. Of 42 commonly detected species, six species including Prothonotary Warbler (Prothonotaria citrea) and Acadian Flycatcher (Empidonax virescens) were indicative of control stands. Similarly, six species including Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea) and Yellow-breasted Chat (Icteria virens) were indicative of treated stands. Using a removal model to assess probability of detection, we evaluated occupancy of bottomland forests at two spatial scales (stands and points within occupied stands). Wildlife-forestry treatment improved predictive models of species occupancy for 18 species. We found years post treatment (range = 1–20), total basal area, and overstory canopy were important species-specific predictors of occupancy, whereas variability in basal area was not. In addition, we used a removal model to estimate species-specific probability of availability for detection, and a distance model to estimate effective detection radius. We used these two estimated parameters to derive species densities and 95% confidence intervals for treated and unharvested stands. Avian densities differed between treated and control stands for 16 species, but only Common Yellowthroat

  4. Use of animals with partially known ancestries in scientifically managed breeding programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willis, Kevin; Lacy, Robert C

    2016-07-01

    Animals with only partially known ancestry present a problem for population managers because it can be difficult to determine their relative genetic value to the population. So long as their ancestry is not completely unknown, population management software such as PMx can calculate a mean kinship for these animals, but that mean kinship is calculated such that there is no decrease in relative genetic value or "penalty" for only partially known ancestry. However, there is a longer-term genetic cost to having animals with only partially known ancestry in the population, and thus it is appropriate to "penalize" animals with partially known ancestry to some extent. The challenge is determining the correct "penalty" which will serve to decrease the percent unknown ancestry in subsequent generations while not causing excessive selection against the known ancestry of the animal. A new parameter of relative genetic value is developed which takes into account both an animal's mean kinship as well as its percent known ancestry. The method used in PMx to calculate the mean kinships also in general overestimates the inbreeding coefficients of offspring of animals with partially known ancestry when the known parents share a common ancestor, but can underestimate inbreeding if common ancestors exist within the unknown portion of the pedigree. This may result in population managers selecting less suitable pairs for breeding in an attempt to avoid an apparent higher level of inbreeding. A parameter is developed that adjusts the inbreeding coefficient to more accurately reflect the likely inbreeding coefficient of potential offspring. Zoo Biol. 35:319-325, 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  5. The new Facilities Management contract at CERN from 1st July 2002

    CERN Document Server

    Mauro Nonis

    2002-01-01

    Within the ST Division, all the Facilities Management activities have been under the ST/TFM group responsibility until the 30th June 2002, who has performed them using around 20 industrial support contracts. Starting from the 1st July 2002 a new unit, ST/FM, will take over these activities that will be unified into one single contract that has been adjudicated to the company Facilities Management Network SA. This contract will be in charge of the maintenance and minor works on tertiary installations (i.e. all structures and installations that have no direct relation to the running of the accelerators) for the following trades: - Technical: heating, ventilation, air conditioning, plumbing, electricity, civil engineering (painting, roofing, glazing, blinds, fencing, masonry etc.), passenger and goods lifts, automatic and powered doors, kitchen equipment, roads, signs, keys and locks, office furniture, - Services: waste collection, security, green areas, cleaning and sanitary supplies, disinfection, rodent cont...

  6. THE NEW FACILITIES MANAGEMENT CONTRACT AT CERN FROM 1st JULY 2002

    CERN Multimedia

    Mauro Nonis

    2002-01-01

    Within the ST Division, all the Facilities Management activities have been under the ST/TFM group responsibility until the 30th June 2002, who has performed them using around 20 industrial support contracts. Starting from the 1st July 2002 a new unit, ST/FM, will take over these activities that will be unified into one single contract that has been adjudicated to the company Facilities Management Network SA. This contract will be in charge of the maintenance and minor works on tertiary installations (i.e. all structures and installations that have no direct relation to the running of the accelerators) for the following trades: Technical: heating, ventilation, air conditioning, plumbing, electricity, civil engineering (painting, roofing, glazing, blinds, fencing, masonry etc.), passenger and goods lifts, automatic and powered doors, kitchen equipment, roads, signs, keys and locks, office furniture, Services: waste collection, security, green areas, cleaning and sanitary supplies, disinfection, rodent contro...

  7. Usage of Option Contracts for Foreign Exchange Risk Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Armeanu

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Today in Romania, in the context of the liberalization of the capital account and under a floating exchange rate (official is a managed floating currency regime established by National Bank of Romania the foreign exchange rate is very volatile. In consequence the financial institutions, corporations and, especially, the importers and exporters have to deal with a big exposition of currency risk related with their activities. Financial institutions and corporations today must adopt new roles in order to compete successfully in the explosively evolving foreign exchange markets. The methods, instruments and techniques used to manage foreign exchange risk are more complex than ever before. The objective of our paper is to provide the techniques and insights needed to pinpoint opportunities and control risks. We will present the most modern practical methods for managing the currency risk: option strategies (spread, strangle, straddle, etc. Also we will present the advantage, the disadvantage and our opinions related with the use of currency derivatives instruments (especially currency strategies options, making a comparative analysis.

  8. Review of the Literature on the Changing Psychological Contract: Implications on Career Management and Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lessner, Ryan; Akdere, Mesut

    2008-01-01

    The changing psychological contract has become a focus for organizational development, especially as job roles within organizations continue to change. This literature review examines the evolving employee-employer relationship and how this relationship has impacted career management and organizations for over the past century. The paper…

  9. 聘用合同护士的管理%Management of Engaging Contract Nurses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    连金霞; 李爱斌

    2001-01-01

    To inquire into the management experience of the engaging contract nurses, it is expatiated in this article that the barrier inviting applications for a job must be hold tightly in inviting applications for a job of the contract nurses; the examine barrier must be hold tightly in the training of the contract nurses; the system barrier must be hold tightly in the using of the contract nurses; the using for the reference experience can be provided for the management of the contract nurses.%为探讨聘用合同护士的管理经验,本文阐述了在合同护士的招聘中,严把招聘关;在合同护士的培训中,严把考核关;在合同护士的使用中,严把制度关;为聘用护士的管理提供可以借鉴的经验。

  10. System for Award Management (SAM) -- Creating Efficiencies in Federal Government Contracting through the Use of Streamlining and Integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    beginning of the mandated use of e- commerce in federal business ( Graw & Wyatt III, 2002). Based on FASA, DoD formed the Joint Electronic Commerce...Contract Management, 34–41. Graw , L. H., & Wyatt III, J. B. (2002, September). Getting on the e-procurement bandwagon. Contract Management, 40–43

  11. Research on Risks Recognition and Management of Contractor on the Design Construction Pattern of Contract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨鹏飞

    2013-01-01

    By combining with the implementation in expressway of traffic branch’s test point of design construction pattern of contract,the paper illustrates the risks from the bidding,the design of the construction graphic,the process dynamic design and construction process,the recognition of the unpredictable risks,the risk recognition,the evaluation,the prevention and the control of the risk management,so as to seek for the method which can be favorable for improving the design construction contract.

  12. The influence of performance appraisal on the psychological contract of the inpatriate manager

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jane F. Maley

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the extent, nature and limitations of performance appraisals, and the subsequent influence that these issues may have on the psychological contract of inpatriate managers in a sector of the health care industry in Australia. Eighteen in-depth interviews using a grounded theory methodology revealed that the process was significantly influenced by multinational organisations’ emphasis on the bottom line and the inpatriate manager’s relationship with his/her supervisor. Furthermore, the findings suggest that the inpatriate manager’s experience of his/her performance appraisal frequently results in a perception of violation of his/her psychological contract with the organisation.

  13. A Probe into the Mortgage Rates of Land Contract Management Rights Based on Unified Annual Output Value

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhongjun; YI

    2013-01-01

    The mortgage of land contract management rights has launched a pilot project in Ningxia,Hubei,Henan,Guizhou,Chongqing and other provinces,municipalities and autonomous regions,which provides a good solution to the problem of funds for rural development and plays a huge role in promoting local rural economic development.In the mortgage financing of land contract management rights implemented in various regions,how to determine a scientific,accurate and reasonable mortgage rate of land contract management rights becomes a difficulty troubling the mortgage financing of land.On the basis of unified annual output value of land,this article uses survey method,income capitalization method,and comparison method to analyze the value of land contract management rights,and finally determine the mortgage rates of land contract management rights.

  14. Breeding Management Technology of Nandina domestica Thunb%南天竹繁育管理技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴亚维

    2014-01-01

    从形态特征、生长习性等方面介绍了南天竹的生物学特性,并总结了南天竹的繁育管理技术,包括播种育苗、无性繁殖育苗、病虫害防治,以期为南天竹的繁育管理提供参考。%Biological characteristics of Nandina domestica Thunb were introduced from the aspects of morphological characteristics and growth habit. Breeding management technology of Nandina domestica was summarized,including sowing seedling,asexual reproduction seedling,and pest and disease control,so as to provide reference for breeding management of Nandina domestica Thunb.

  15. Health, safety, and environmental management system operation in contracting companies: A case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nassiri, Parvin; Yarahmadi, Rasoul; Gholami, Pari Shafaei; Hamidi, Abdolamir; Mirkazemi, Roksana

    2016-05-01

    Systematic and cooperative interactions among parent industry and contractors are necessary for a successful health, safety, and environmental management system (HSE-MS). This study was conducted to evaluate the HSE-MS performance in contracting companies in one of the petrochemical industries in Iran during 2013. Managers of parent and contracting companies participated in this study. The data collection forms included 7 elements of an integrated HSE-MS (leadership and commitment; policy and strategic objectives; organization, resources, and documentation; evaluation and risk management; planning; implementation and monitoring; auditing and reviewing). The results showed that mean percentage of the total scores in seven elements of HSE-MS was 85.7% and 87.0% based on self-report and report of parent company, respectively. In conclusion, this study showed that HSE-MS was desirably functioning; however, improvement to ensure health and safety of workers is still required.

  16. [The Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency performance evaluation at the management contract model].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreira, Elka Maltez de Miranda; Costa, Ediná Alves

    2010-11-01

    The Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa) is supervised by the Ministry of Health by means of a management contract, a performance evaluation tool. This case study was aimed at describing and analyzing Anvisa's performance evaluation model based on the agency's institutional purpose, according to the following analytical categories: the management contract formalization, evaluation tools, evaluators and institutional performance. Semi-structured interviews and document analysis revealed that Anvisa signed only one management contract with the Ministry of Health in 1999, updated by four additive terms. The Collegiate Board of Directors and the Advisory Center for Strategic Management play the role of Anvisa's internal evaluators and an Assessing Committee, comprising the Ministry of Health, constitutes its external evaluator. Three phases were identified in the evaluation model: the structuring of the new management model (1999-2000), legitimation regarding the productive segment (2001-2004) and widespread legitimation (2005). The best performance was presented in 2000 (86.05%) and the worst in 2004 (40.00%). The evaluation model was shown to have contributed little towards the agency's institutional purpose and the effectiveness measurement of the implemented actions.

  17. The integrated supplier: key to cost management and multi-franchise capitation contracting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuweiler, R C

    1996-05-01

    Capitation...most healthcare providers do not work under it, comprehend it, or even want it, yet supply capitation contracting seminars are popping up everywhere creating the feeling that the bandwagon is leaving, and it might be time to get on board. Not true. Supply capitation is not for all organizations. Capitation contracting is not easy and there are not many successful models to help the uninitiated. If a panacea is sought for reducing supply costs, capitation is only one component of a systematic strategy to reduce materiel costs. This article suggests a direction using the Group Health Materiel Management (Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound, WA) experience as a point of reference. It advocates a systematic approach that focuses on expense reduction in: cost of goods, holding cost of inventory, labor cost associated with all materiel processes, distribution cost (transportation and par stock pick, pack, and replenishment), product utilization, variation in product standards, and waste stream byproducts. At Group Health (GH) these issues are primarily addressed through the use of: information systems, supplier certification/selection processes, group purchasing compliance, supply channel management, supply capitation contracting programs, standardization, and utilization management. Because of managed care organizational structure, Group Health Cooperative supply capitation contracting, as performed at GH, is discussed not as a quick fix solution but in the spirit of sharing our experience with others who may be considering it as a cost savings tactic in the context of a broad-based materiel management strategy. This article highlights the experiences of GH beginning with materiel management's business process assumptions toward multiple-franchise supply capitation.

  18. Breeding Management of Captive Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) in Range Countries and Zoos

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Chatchote THITARAM

    2012-01-01

    .... The low birth and high mortality rate cause the captive population to decline rapidly. Captive breeding programs in Asian elephants range countries and zoos have met with limited success and few ex situ elephant populations are self-sustaining...

  19. Endangered Roseate Tern Breeding and Staging Habitat Management and Enhancement Progress Report FY13-FY14

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The goals of this project are to enhance and protect roseate tern breeding and staging habitat to increase productivity, and improve survival of fledglings and...

  20. The effects of prairie management techniques, burning and mowing, on Iowa grassland breeding bird communities

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report investigates the effects of burning and mowing on the grassland breeding bird community of Neal Smith National Wildlife Refuge in central Iowa. Two...

  1. Endangered Roseate Tern Breeding and Staging Habitat Management and Enhancement Progress Report

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The goals of this project are to enhance and protect roseate tern breeding and staging habitat to increase productivity, and improve survival of fledglings and...

  2. Importance of effective contract management of GasPacifico Pipeline Project : a case study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marshall, R.G.; Proctor, C. [GasPacifico Project (Argentina)

    2000-07-01

    This paper described the contracting challenges and bid evaluations for the GasPacifico Project which involved the construction of 543 km of NPS 20 and NPS 24 high pressure gas pipeline to connect natural gas reserves in the Province of Neuquen, Argentina to industrial and domestic markets in Concepcion, Chile. The line passes through difficult terrain in the Andes Mountain Range and Coastal Mountain Range. TransCanada International Ltd. (TCI) was responsible for the overall project management of the project from design, construction and contract administration. Call for bids on the project went out in March 1998 and contracts were awarded less than 5 months later in July 1998. TCI's objective was to ensure that the contractors had the experience, resources and financial ability to successfully complete the project. The work was divided into distinct contract packages on the basis of changes in pipe diameter, natural changes in topography, border between Argentina/Chile, and considerations related to the large number of landowners in agricultural and urban zones. Based on a review of pre-qualifications, 18 contractors were invited on a reconnaissance tour to familiarize the bidders with the project. When a review of the technical bids was completed, evaluation of the commercial bids began. When the difference in technical rating was very small, the lowest technically acceptable bidder was accepted. The project was constructed on schedule and under budget. It was noted that much of this success is a result of the contract selection process. 5 tabs., 3 figs.

  3. 浅谈铁路工程合同管理%Discussion on Management of Railway Engineering Contract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘东宁

    2011-01-01

    铁路合同管理是现代铁路企业管理的重要内容,在企业依法生产经营和维护合法权益中发挥着重要作用.作为刚踏入铁路建设市场的施工单位,在建立现代企业管理制度的过程中,重视铁路工程合同管理工作,加强对合同管理工作的领导,完善合同管理制度,健全合同管理机构,配备合同管理人员,提高合同管理水平,从而促进企业在铁路市场的竞争力.本文论述了铁路合同管理的重要性及如何做好铁路工程合同管理.%Railway contract management is an important content of modern railway enterpnse management, and plays an important role in production and operation and safeguarding legitimate rights and interests of enterprises according to law. As the construction unit just entered into railway construction market, in the establishment of modern enterprise management system we should pay attention to railway projeet contract management,strengthen leadership of contract management, improve contract management system, improve. contract management agency. work with contract management staff, and improve contract management, thereby contributing to business competitiveness in the railway market. The paper discusses about the importance of the railway contract management and how to do well the railway project contract management.

  4. Chelonian perivitelline membrane-bound sperm detection: A new breeding management tool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Croyle, Kaitlin; Gibbons, Paul; Light, Christine; Goode, Eric; Durrant, Barbara; Jensen, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    Perivitelline membrane (PVM)-bound sperm detection has recently been incorporated into avian breeding programs to assess egg fertility, confirm successful copulation, and to evaluate male reproductive status and pair compatibility. Due to the similarities between avian and chelonian egg structure and development, and because fertility determination in chelonian eggs lacking embryonic growth is equally challenging, PVM-bound sperm detection may also be a promising tool for the reproductive management of turtles and tortoises. This study is the first to successfully demonstrate the use of PVM-bound sperm detection in chelonian eggs. Recovered membranes were stained with Hoechst 33342 and examined for sperm presence using fluorescence microscopy. Sperm were positively identified for up to 206 days post-oviposition, following storage, diapause, and/or incubation, in 52 opportunistically collected eggs representing 12 species. However, advanced microbial infection frequently hindered the ability to detect membrane-bound sperm. Fertile Centrochelys sulcata, Manouria emys, and Stigmochelys pardalis eggs were used to evaluate the impact of incubation and storage on the ability to detect sperm. Storage at -20°C or in formalin were found to be the best methods for egg preservation prior to sperm detection. Additionally, sperm-derived mtDNA was isolated and PCR amplified from Astrochelys radiata, C. sulcata, and S. pardalis eggs. PVM-bound sperm detection has the potential to substantially improve studies of artificial incubation and sperm storage, and could be used to evaluate the success of artificial insemination in chelonian species. Mitochondrial DNA from PVM-bound sperm has applications for parentage analysis, the study of sperm competition, and potentially species identification.

  5. Using SCOR as a Supply Chain Management Framework for Government Agency Contract Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paxton, Joseph; Tucker, Brian

    2010-01-01

    This paper will present a model that uses the Supply-Chain Operations Reference (SCOR) model as a foundation for a framework to illustrate the information needed throughout a product lifecycle to support a healthy supply chain management function and the subsequent contract requirements to enable it. It will also show where in the supply chain the information must be extracted. The ongoing case study used to exemplify the model is NASA's (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) Ares I program for human spaceflight. Effective supply chain management and contract requirements are ongoing opportunities for continuous improvement within government agencies, specifically development of systems for human spaceflight operations. Multiple reports from the Government Accountability Office (GAO) reinforce this importance. The SCOR model is a framework for describing a supply chain with process building blocks and business activities. It provides a set of metrics for measuring supply chain performance and best practices for continuously improving. This paper expands the application of the SCOR to also provide the framework for defining information needed from different levels of the supply chain and at different phases of the lifecycle. These needs can be incorporated into contracts to enable more effective supply chain management. Depending on the phase of the lifecycle, effective supply chain management will require involvement from different levels of the organization and different levels of the supply chain.

  6. Using SCOR as a Supply Chain Management Framework for Government Agency Contract Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paxton, Joseph; Tucker, Brian

    2010-01-01

    This paper will present a model that uses the Supply-Chain Operations Reference (SCOR) model as a foundation for a framework to illustrate the information needed throughout a product lifecycle to support a healthy supply chain management function and the subsequent contract requirements to enable it. It will also show where in the supply chain the information must be extracted. The ongoing case study used to exemplify the model is NASA's (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) Ares I program for human spaceflight. Effective supply chain management and contract requirements are ongoing opportunities for continuous improvement within government agencies, specifically development of systems for human spaceflight operations. Multiple reports from the Government Accountability Office (GAO) reinforce this importance. The SCOR model is a framework for describing a supply chain with process building blocks and business activities. It provides a set of metrics for measuring supply chain performance and best practices for continuously improving. This paper expands the application of the SCOR to also provide the framework for defining information needed from different levels of the supply chain and at different phases of the lifecycle. These needs can be incorporated into contracts to enable more effective supply chain management. Depending on the phase of the lifecycle, effective supply chain management will require involvement from different levels of the organization and different levels of the supply chain.

  7. Discussion on contract management of engineering construction%谈建设工程施工合同管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵基平

    2016-01-01

    This paper introduced the definition and role of engineering construction contract,from the contract conclusion,contract performance, claims process and other aspects,elaborated the matters needing attention of construction contract management,in order to improve the contract consciousness,strengthen the contract dynamic management,realized the engineering construction period,quality,safety and other overall goals.%介绍了建设工程施工合同的定义与作用,从合同订立、合同履行、索赔处理等方面,阐述了施工合同管理的注意事项,以提高合同意识,加强合同动态管理,实现工程工期、质量、安全等总体目标。

  8. Managing the financial risk of low water levels in Great Lakes with index-based contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, E.; Characklis, G. W.; Brown, C. M.; Moody, P.

    2014-12-01

    Low water levels in the Great Lakes have recently had significant financial impacts on the region's commercial shipping, responsible for transporting millions of dollars' worth of bulk goods each year. Low lake levels can significantly affect shipping firms, as cargo capacity is a function of draft, or the distance between water level and the ship's bottom. Draft increases with weight, and lower lake levels force ships to reduce cargo to prevent running aground in shallow harbors, directly impacting the finances of shipping companies. Risk transfer instruments may provide adaptable, yet unexplored, alternatives for managing these financial risks, at significantly less expense than more traditional solutions (e.g., dredging). Index-based financial instruments can be particularly attractive as contract payouts are directly linked to well-defined transparent metrics (e.g., lake levels), eliminating the need for subjective adjustors, as well as concerns over moral hazard. In developing such instruments, a major challenge is identifying an index that is well correlated with financial losses, and thus a contract that reliably pays out when losses are experienced (low basis risk). In this work, a relationship between lake levels and shipping revenues is developed, and actuarial analyses of the frequency and magnitude of revenue losses is completed using this relationship and synthetic water level data. This analysis is used to develop several types of index-based contracts. A standardized suite of binary contracts is developed, with each indexed to lake levels and priced according to predefined thresholds. These are combined to form portfolios with different objectives (e.g. options, collars), with optimal portfolio structure and length of coverage determined by limiting basis risk and contract cost, using simulations over the historic dataset. Results suggest that portfolios of these binary contracts can substantially reduce the risk of financial losses during periods of

  9. Pan-European management of electricity portfolios: Risks and opportunities of contract bundling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gampert, Markus [Institute for Future Energy Consumer Needs and Behavior, Faculty of Business and Economics/E.ON Energy Research Center, RWTH Aachen University, Mathieustrasse 6, 52074 Aachen (Germany); Madlener, Reinhard, E-mail: RMadlener@eonerc.rwth-aachen.d [Institute for Future Energy Consumer Needs and Behavior, Faculty of Business and Economics/E.ON Energy Research Center, RWTH Aachen University, Mathieustrasse 6, 52074 Aachen (Germany)

    2011-05-15

    Due to the liberalization of energy markets in the European Union, today's European utilities not only focus on electricity supply, but also offer exchange-traded 'structured products' or portfolio management for unbundling financial and physical risk positions. Many utilities are only able to provide these services in their domestic markets. In a globalized economy, the need for a centrally organized pan-European portfolio management has arisen, as it allows a simplified commodity sourcing in combination with an optimized risk management. In this paper, we examine the challenges to be overcome for establishing a European-wide bundling of electricity contracts. For this purpose, a case study based on the business perspective of RWE Supply and Trading in Central and Eastern Europe is carried out. In a first step, we analyze general requirements for a pan-European bundling of electricity contracts. Then, RWE's situation in Europe is examined, based on which we finally propose a concept to meet customer demands in Central and Eastern Europe. - Research highlights: {yields} Analysis of electricity market liberalization in Central and Eastern Europe. {yields} Identification of requirements and problems for pan-European bundling of contracts. {yields} Case study based on RWE Supply and Trading perspective in Central and Eastern Europe. {yields} Model development for pan-European unbundling of financial/physical risk positions.

  10. Durum wheat and allelopathy: toward wheat breeding for natural weed management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fragasso, Mariagiovanna; Iannucci, Anna; Papa, Roberto

    2013-09-24

    Wheat-derived foodstuffs represent about one-fifth of the calories consumed by humans worldwide. Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is one of the most important crops throughout the world, and it has been extensively studied for its allelopathic potential. In contrast, for allelopathy in durum wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. durum), our knowledge is partial and fragmentary. Through highlighting recent advances in using allelopathy as a crop-breeding tool, we provide an overview of allelopathy in Triticum spp., to stimulate further coordinated breeding-oriented studies, to favor allelopathy exploitation for the sustainable cultivation of wheat, and in particular, to achieve improved biological weed control.

  11. How health managers can use data mining for predicting individuals' risks of contracting nosocomial pneumonia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duclos-Gosselin, Louis; Rigaux-Bricmont, Benny; Darmon, René Yves

    2015-01-01

    This article explains how managers can use a new data-mining technique for solving problems related to individual risks of contracting nosocomial pneumonia. Using the genetic algorithm, a search technique provides practitioners with an optimal choice of parameters for Gini boosting type decision tree models. Thus, managers and technicians can choose better models. These new parameters are genetically controlled: number of trees, depth of trees, trimming factor, cross-validation (to avoid overfitting), proportion of the population used, and the minimum size to split a node. This technique has been satisfactorily tested on health data.

  12. Management of government personal property in the hands of contractors. Handbook for contracting officers and staff

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1982-04-01

    This manual is divided into three parts. Part One applies to the management of Government personal property within the Department of Energy in general terms. Part Two describes the specifics of the application of personal property management techniques to On-Site Contractors. Part three applies to Off-Site Contractors. Part One introduces the field of property management. It discusses: the legal basis and requirements established by Federal Statutes and the parallel authorities and responsibilities; the related evolution of the Department of Energy; the regulation system within the Federal Government and its implementation by the Department for personal property management. The life cycle of equipment is presented and how control over personal property is maintained through an accountability system. Classifications of property and contract clauses are discussed. The relationships of contracting officers and property administrators with contractors are presented in each of the discussions as appropriate. Part One consists of only one chapter and is applicable to the management of property utilized by all types of contractors. It provides the foundation to explore in some detail the actions and interactions that occur between the Department's procurement and property personnel and those of the contractor. This exploration in depth is made in Parts Two and Three.

  13. Two staged incentive contract focused on efficiency and innovation matching in critical chain project management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Min Zhang

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to define the relative optimal incentive contract to effectively encourage employees to improve work efficiency while actively implementing innovative behavior. Design/methodology/approach: This paper analyzes a two staged incentive contract coordinated with efficiency and innovation in Critical Chain Project Management using learning real options, based on principle-agent theory. The situational experiment is used to analyze the validity of the basic model. Finding: The two staged incentive scheme is more suitable for employees to create and implement learning real options, which will throw themselves into innovation process efficiently in Critical Chain Project Management. We prove that the combination of tolerance for early failure and reward for long-term success is effective in motivating innovation. Research limitations/implications: We do not include the individual characteristics of uncertain perception, which might affect the consistency of external validity. The basic model and the experiment design need to improve. Practical Implications: The project managers should pay closer attention to early innovation behavior and monitoring feedback of competition time in the implementation of Critical Chain Project Management. Originality/value: The central contribution of this paper is the theoretical and experimental analysis of incentive schemes for innovation in Critical Chain Project Management using the principal-agent theory, to encourage the completion of CCPM methods as well as imitative free-riding on the creative ideas of other members in the team.

  14. Project Hanford management contract quality assurance program implementation plan for nuclear facilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bibb, E.K.

    1997-10-15

    During transition from the Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) Management and Operations (M and O) contract to the Fluor Daniel Hanford (FDH) Management and Integration (M and I) contract, existing WHC policies, procedures, and manuals were reviewed to determine which to adopt on an interim basis. Both WHC-SP-1131,Hanford Quality Assurance Program and Implementation Plan, and WHC-CM-4-2, Quality Assurance Manual, were adopted; however, it was recognized that revisions were required to address the functions and responsibilities of the Project Hanford Management Contract (PHMC). This Quality Assurance Program Implementation Plan for Nuclear Facilities (HNF-SP-1228) supersedes the implementation portion of WHC-SP-1 13 1, Rev. 1. The revised Quality Assurance (QA) Program is documented in the Project Hanford Quality Assurance Program Description (QAPD), HNF-MP-599. That document replaces the QA Program in WHC-SP-1131, Rev. 1. The scope of this document is limited to documenting the nuclear facilities managed by FDH and its Major Subcontractors (MSCS) and the status of the implementation of 10 CFR 830.120, Quality Assurance Requirements, at those facilities. Since the QA Program for the nuclear facilities is now documented in the QAPD, future updates of the information provided in this plan will be by letter. The layout of this plan is similar to that of WHC-SP-1 13 1, Rev. 1. Sections 2.0 and 3.0 provide an overview of the Project Hanford QA Program. A list of Project Hanford nuclear facilities is provided in Section 4.0. Section 5.0 provides the status of facility compliance to 10 CFR 830.120. Sections 6.0, 7.0, and 8.0 provide requested exemptions, status of open items, and references, respectively. The four appendices correspond to the four projects that comprise Project Hanford.

  15. A Study of the Effects of Gas Well Compressor Noise on Breeding Bird Populations of the Rattlesnake Canyon Habitat Management Area, San Juan County, New Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    LaGory, K.E.; Chang, Young-Soo; Chun, K.C.; Reeves, T.; Liebich, R.; Smith, K.

    2001-06-04

    This report, conducted from May through July 2000, addressed the potential effect of compressor noise on breeding birds in gas-production areas administered by the FFO, specifically in the Rattlesnake Canyon Habitat Management Area northeast of Farmington, New Mexico. The study was designed to quantify and characterize noise output from these compressors and to determine if compressor noise affected bird populations in adjacent habitat during the breeding season.

  16. Learning in a self-managed management career : the relation between managers' HRD-patterns, psychological career contracts and mobility perpectives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lankhuijzen, E.S.K.

    2002-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the significance of managers HRD-activities (learning activities) in modern career contexts. Based on literature study and several pre-studies, a conceptual research model was developed containing three main elements: HRD-pattern, psychological career contract and mobility pe

  17. Learning in a self-managed management career : the relation between managers' HRD-patterns, psychological career contracts and mobility perpectives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lankhuijzen, E.S.K.

    2002-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the significance of managers HRD-activities (learning activities) in modern career contexts. Based on literature study and several pre-studies, a conceptual research model was developed containing three main elements: HRD-pattern, psychological career contract and mobility

  18. Learning in a self-managed management career : the relation between managers' HRD-patterns, psychological career contracts and mobility perpectives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lankhuijzen, E.S.K.

    2002-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the significance of managers HRD-activities (learning activities) in modern career contexts. Based on literature study and several pre-studies, a conceptual research model was developed containing three main elements: HRD-pattern, psychological career contract and mobility pe

  19. Managing water utility financial risks through third-party index insurance contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeff, Harrison B.; Characklis, Gregory W.

    2013-08-01

    As developing new supply capacity has become increasingly expensive and difficult to permit (i.e., regulatory approval), utilities have become more reliant on temporary demand management programs, such as outdoor water use restrictions, for ensuring reliability during drought. However, a significant fraction of water utility income is often derived from the volumetric sale of water, and such restrictions can lead to substantial revenue losses. Given that many utilities set prices at levels commensurate with recovering costs, these revenue losses can leave them financially vulnerable to budgetary shortfalls. This work explores approaches for mitigating drought-related revenue losses through the use of third-party financial insurance contracts based on streamflow indices. Two different types of contracts are developed, and their efficacy is compared against two more traditional forms of financial hedging used by water utilities: Drought surcharges and contingency funds (i.e., self-insurance). Strategies involving each of these approaches, as well as their use in combination, are applied under conditions facing the water utility serving Durham, North Carolina. A multireservoir model provides information on the scale and timing of droughts, and the financial effects of these events are simulated using detailed data derived from utility billing records. Results suggest that third-party index insurance contracts, either independently or in combination with more traditional hedging tools, can provide an effective means of reducing a utility's financial vulnerability to drought.

  20. Coalition contract management as a systems change strategy for HIV prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darrow, William W; Montanea, Julie E; Sánchez-Braña, Elizabeth

    2010-11-01

    Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH) 2010 provided a unique opportunity for minority community-based organizations (CBOs) to work together to eliminate disparities in HIV disease. A coalition was formed in Broward County to respond to the REACH 2010 program announcement, a university was chosen to coordinate efforts, and contracts were negotiated with CBO partners to develop, implement, and evaluate a community action plan. Contract management provided stability, focus, and a mechanism for coalition partners to measure progress toward achieving project objectives. By emphasizing documentation as well as the delivery of services, however, contract conditions also placed a heavy burden on educational outreach workers, restricted the reimbursable activities of member organizations, and created friction between minority agencies and university staff. Although the coalition met many of its objectives, the introduction and enforcement of a mutually agreed on set of rules and obligations as a way of promoting systems change in Broward County failed to make a lasting impact among community partners. CBOs continued to compete with one another for HIV prevention project funding and stopped collaborating as closely with another when federal support for our REACH 2010 community demonstration project ran out.

  1. Contracts and Contracting: A Primer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terra, Sandra M; Zimmerling, John

    2016-01-01

    The underlying guiding principles of case management services and practices of the Case Management Body of Knowledge include the following: "Case managers must possess the education, skills, knowledge, competencies, and experiences needed to effectively render appropriate, safe, and quality services to clients/support systems" and "Case management services are offered according to the clients' benefits as stipulated in their health insurance plans (http://www.cmbodyofknowledge.com/content/case-management-knowledge-2). Fulfilling these principles requires that the case manager engage in negotiating and contract execution.This article explores the concepts of negotiation and some of the many ways case managers contribute to the contracting process. Acute care hospitals, individual practice, managed care. Case managers can provide valuable information during the contracting process, in many settings. In the managed care arena, case management can help identify the types of services needed by the population the organization serves. The same understanding of data can assist during the payer contracting process in the acute care setting and ensure that the hospital is fairly reimbursed by third party payers. The independent practitioners will, undoubtedly, face the need to negotiate for themselves as well as their clients. The case manager, regardless of the setting, benefits from an understanding of the principles and processes associated with negotiation and contracting.

  2. An assessment of dairy herd bulls in southern Australia: 1. Management practices and bull breeding soundness evaluations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hancock, A S; Younis, P J; Beggs, D S; Mansell, P D; Stevenson, M A; Pyman, M F

    2016-12-01

    In the pasture-based, seasonally calving dairy herds of southern Australia, the mating period usually consists of an initial artificial insemination period followed by a period of natural service using herd bulls. Bull breeding soundness evaluations (BBSE) were performed on 256 bulls from 32 dairy herds in southwest Victoria, using guidelines produced by the Australian Cattle Veterinarians, before and immediately after a single natural mating period. At the same time, herd managers were questioned regarding the management of the bulls. The objectives of this study were to describe the management practices of dairy herd bulls; to describe the causes of increased risk of reduced fertility in dairy herd bulls, as measured by a standard BBSE; and to describe the reasons for bull removal by herd managers during mating. At the premating BBSE, 19.5% of bulls were classified as high risk of reduced fertility, mostly due to physical abnormalities and reduced semen quality. At the postmating BBSE, 36.5% of bulls were classified as high risk of reduced fertility, mostly due to physical abnormalities, primarily lameness. Of the bulls used, 15.9% were removed from normal mating use by the herd manager, predominantly due to lameness and injuries. A premating BBSE is recommended in dairy herd bulls to identify bulls at risk of reduced fertility. Lameness is the most common problem in dairy herd bulls during the natural mating period, and risk factors associated with lameness in these bulls should be identified to better manage herd bulls.

  3. Predator Control as Part of a Land Management System: Impacts on Breeding Success and Abundance of Passerines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stoate, C.

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Control of nest predators such as the Corvidae is regarded as an important component of the management system for wild gamebirds. Although there is strong evidence of an impact of corvid control on nesting success of passerines, the relative roles of nest predation, winter food and other potential influences on breeding abundance of passerines are poorly understood. This study investigates the implications for passerines of cessation of predator control within a game management system in lowland England. The paper discusses results for the two years following cessation of predator control, relative to those from earlier years. These preliminary results suggest that there are complex interactions between human behavioural influences, the abundance of species regarded as 'pests' and the abundance of those targeted for conservation.

  4. The evolving local social contract for managing climate and disaster risk in Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christoplos, Ian; Ngoan, Le Duc; Sen, Le Thi Hoa; Huong, Nguyen Thi Thanh; Lindegaard, Lily Salloum

    2017-07-01

    How do disasters shape local government legitimacy in relation to managing climate- and disaster-related risks? This paper looks at how local authorities in Central Vietnam perceive their social contract for risk reduction, including the partial merging of responsibilities for disaster risk management with new plans for and investments in climate change adaptation and broader socioeconomic development. The findings indicate that extreme floods and storms constitute critical junctures that stimulate genuine institutional change. Local officials are proud of their strengthened role in disaster response and they are eager to boost investment in infrastructure. They have struggled to reinforce their legitimacy among their constituents, but given the shifting roles of the state, private sector, and civil society, and the undiminished emphasis on high-risk development models, their responsibilities for responding to emerging climate change scenarios are increasingly nebulous. The past basis for legitimacy is no longer valid, but tomorrow's social contract is not yet defined. © 2017 The Author(s). Disasters © Overseas Development Institute, 2017.

  5. Management practices and performance of mergers and acquisitions in Pakistan: mediating role of psychological contract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bari, Muhammad Waseem; Fanchen, Meng; Baloch, Muhammad Awais

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this study is to examine the direct and indirect effect of management practices (procedural justice, coordination approach, communication system, integration strategy, and coping programs) on merger and acquisition (M&A) performance in the Pakistan banking industry. Psychological contract (PC) acts as a mediator between Management practices and M&A performance. The Present study distributes a structured questionnaire to 700 bank employees of different management cadres. The useful response rate is 76 % (536 employees). It uses PLS-SEM technique for data analysis. (1) procedural justice is a key strategy which has highly significant direct and indirect effect on M&A performance; however integration strategy and the communication system have an only direct effect. (2) PC performs partial mediation at different levels between management practices and M&A financial and non-financial performance. This study provides an effective solution to solve the soft issues during and post-M&A process. This is one of the few studies which effectively integrate the five constructs into a single framework to study their effects on M&A performance. Limitations and future research directions are presented in the last section of the study.

  6. Incentive contract design in project management with serial tasks and uncertain completion times

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Kai; Zhao, Ruiqing; Lan, Yanfei

    2016-04-01

    This article investigates an incentive contract design problem for a project manager who operates a project consisting of multiple tasks performed sequentially by different subcontractors in which all task completion times are uncertain and described by fuzzy variables. On the basis of an expected value criterion and a critical value criterion, two classes of fuzzy bilevel programming models are developed. In the case where the uncertain task completion times are mutually independent, each model can first be decomposed into multiple equivalent sub-models by taking advantage of the structural characteristics, and then a two-step optimization method is employed to derive the optimal incentive contract in each sub-model. In a more general case where the uncertain task completion times are correlative, the approximation approach (AA) technique is adopted first in order to evaluate the objective functions involving fuzzy parameters, which are usually difficult to convert into their crisp equivalents. Then, an AA-based hybrid genetic algorithm integrated with the golden search method and variable neighbourhood search is designed to solve the proposed fuzzy bilevel programming models. Finally, a numerical example of a construction project is conducted to demonstrate the modelling idea and the effectiveness of the proposed methods.

  7. The nursing department of contract nurse management%护理部对合同制护士的管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄燕

    2013-01-01

    探讨我院合同制护士的管理,提高医院护理质量和规范护理服务行为。近年来,招聘合同制护士已成为各个医院填补护理人员严重缺少的一个重要途径。我院合同制护士占总数的17.1%,因此合同制护士在临床中占有一定的比例,为确保临床护理质量与安全,对合同制护士的管理显得十分重要。加强对合同制护士的管理,提升了对合同制护士的素质,稳定了院内护理队伍,提高医院护理质量和规范护理服务行为。现从以下几个方面介绍一下对合同制护士的管理。%To investigate the hospital contract nurse management, improve the quality of hospital care and nursing service behavior. In recent years, the recruitment of contract nurses has become an important way to ifll each hospital nursing staff in serious lack of. I of contract nursesaccounted for 17.1%of the total, so the contract nurses occupy a certain proportion in clinic, in order to ensure the quality of clinical nursing and safety, is very important to the management of employed nurses appear. To strengthen the management of contract nurses, improve the qualityof contract nurses in the hospital n ursing staff, stability, improve the quality of hospital care and nursing service behavior. Now from the following several aspects of the management of contract nurses.

  8. Breeding Resistant Sugarcane for Managing the Stem Borer Diatraea saccharalis: Progress and Prospects for Louisiana

    Science.gov (United States)

    The stem borer, Diatraea saccharalis (F.), is an important insect pest of sugarcane in Louisiana. Growing resistant varieties is a component of the Integrated Pest Management Program as practiced in Louisiana for managing this insect; however, the release of stem borer resistant varieties is intermi...

  9. Cooperation and Game between Producers and Managers Based on the Linear Contract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xianglan Wan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available There is a cooperative game between the manager and the producer in the enterprise. In this paper, we firstly construct the cooperative game model based on the principal-agent theory. Under the conditions of Nash equilibrium and linear contract, the paper calculates the net income of the client, the total risk and welfare of the agents when the agents have the cooperation or not. The result shows that the correlation coefficient between their output has a direct relationship with the cooperation. Secondly, according to the power distribution theory another model is developed. We analyze the game process and critical state. Furthermore, we deduce the share proportion of the profit and the control size when they have the cooperation. Finally, we summarize all the research achievements, which are of universal significance for the practical cooperation game problems.

  10. Managing Projects with the Public, -bringing Partnering, Contracts and Financing together in Building Public Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koch, Christian

    2004-01-01

    of projects have had trouble to develop. The paper views PPP as an interaction between an emergent governance frame and operational activities in the project. PPP is an element of a networked public sector and the paper takes a network and political process approach to the shaping of PPP in Denmark....... It is analysed how the governance frame for these type of projects constituted a window of opportunity in the late nineties for “sale and lease back” arrangements, combined with partnering and more traditional design-build contracts. A case of a municipality renewing its school services, exploiting this window...... of opportunity shows that on the operational level the contractual, financial and skill basis for the project has to be mobilized, negotiated, partly stabilized and renegotiated. The participating actors thus have to develop a new set of skills in dealing with municipalities and managing operations in PPPs....

  11. Habitat Relationships of Three Grassland Breeding Bird Species: Broadscale Comparisons and Hayfield Management Implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph J. Nocera

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Generalized recommendations for the conservation of birds in agro-ecosystems have been elusive because studies are often of a local nature, and do not compare source data against those from other regions. In this study, we developed geographically broad habitat relationship models to provide conservation prescriptions for three species that breed in farmed grasslands: Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus, Savannah Sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis, and Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow (Ammodramus nelsoni subvirgatus. We develop models from our study in Nova Scotia, Canada and confront them with independent data from Wisconsin, USA pastures and Iowa, USA restored prairies. Vegetation that was higher and denser in the prebreeding season was linked to increased occupancy rates and abundance of Bobolinks in each study region. Providing tall spring grass is easily accomplished by not cutting late in the previous year. Savannah Sparrows were instead associated with shorter and sparser spring grass, which highlights the need to simultaneously provide heterogeneous habitat for otherwise ecologically similar species. Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrows were more likely to occur, and be numerous, in areas with greater availability of drainage ditches. They and several other species would benefit from provision of ditches with adequate vegetation to promote occupancy. By combining these with other well-established recommendations, such as a delayed first harvest, a greater net conservation benefit can be realized from these working landscapes.

  12. Guidelines for applying management treatments to benefit breeding waterfowl in the Dakotas and Montana

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report, created by the Region 6, Habitat and Population Evaluation Team (HAPET), provides biological guidelines for applying management treatments designed to...

  13. FIDIC contracts: analysis of the impact of general and particular conditions on the financial risk management in Romanian infrastructure projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constanţa-Nicoleta Bodea

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Construction projects are characterized by risks and uncertainties mainly due to technical and economic complexity. Risk management is an important tool in making decisions involving the identification and reduction, avoidance or transfer risk and uncertainties consequences of events that occurs during project implementation. For this reason, the objective of the contract between the beneficiary and the contractor is the allocation of risk. The distribution of risk in contracts for the execution of construction works was and is an ongoing challenge faced by parties having a significant impact on the type of contract is used. On the one hand, the beneficiaries tend to transfer to the contractors as many of the project risks and uncertainties, on the other hand, the contractors look to exploit any weakness contract, so as to reduce their impact on the expected profit. One of the most important risks assumed by the contractor by signing the contract which is also increasingly common in the current economic situation is the reduced financial capacity to support the project. A purely legal or purely technical interpretation is not meant to describe the complexity of issues related to implementation of construction projects. For this reason the authors have adopted a multi-disciplinary approach, which includes the legal issues related to the nature of the contract, but also the financial and technical aspects of construction projects. The paper aims to analyze how special contract clauses can influence the implementation of construction projects and in particular the financial management of contractors. The authors propose a model for analyzing the impact of FIDIC contract conditions applied on a case study of five transport infrastructure projects.

  14. Proposal for a Change of Contractor for Facilities Management and to Negotiate a Contract for Access Control Activities at CERN

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    This document concerns the change of contractor for the facilities management and the negotiation, without competitive tendering, of a contract for the security and access control activities at CERN. In March 2002, the Finance Committee agreed to the negotiation of a contract with the consortium M+W ZANDER (DE) - AVIREAL (CH) for the execution of facilities management (CERN/FC/4550). For the reasons set out in this document, the Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with the firm INGEST FACILITY (IT), the second lowest bidder, for the execution of the contract for facilities management, not including the security and access control activities, for an initial period of three years and for an amount not exceeding 24 396 000 euros (35 772 000 Swiss francs), not subject to revision. The contract will include options for two further one-year extensions beyond the initial three-year period. The rate of exchange used is that stipulated in the tender. The firm has indicated the follow...

  15. CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANTOANETA CLAUDIA BUTUZA

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the main types of contractual arrangements used worldwide in construction: traditional contracts, cost reimbursable type contracts, management contracts and other contractual arrangements such as partnership, offering two-phase, contracts in series and turnkey contracts. Also, based on a comparison of the main types of contractual arrangements a number of recommendations are suggested for choosing the appropriate type of contract construction project to be realized.

  16. Managing urban wastewater in China: a survey of build-operate-transfer contracts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Braadbaart, O.D.; Zhang, M.S.; Wang, Y.

    2009-01-01

    This paper reports on a nationwide field survey of wastewater plants under build-operate-transfer ( BOT) contracts in China. The survey yielded information on contracting parties, size, duration and location of 37 BOT contracts. The key findings are that municipal governments feature as first partie

  17. Virtual Leadership: The Influence of Transformational Leadership Style on Employee Satisfaction at the Defense Contract Management Agency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Kevin A.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative correlational study was to examine the possible relationship between transformational leadership style behaviors and the influence it had on employee satisfaction. The information presented in this study involved virtual team members at the Defense Contract Management Agency, Navy Special Emphasis Operations. The…

  18. Policy Changes Needed at Defense Contract Management Agency to Ensure Forward Pricing Rates Result in Fair and Reasonable Contract Pricing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-09

    classroom and on the job training to improve the cost analyst skill set of the ACO community. Our Response The management comments to the recommendation...DCMA will receive a timely report from the auditor that addresses only the minimum essential supplementary information needed by the ACO to demonstrate...resources. It can also help the ACO conduct cost analyses while obtaining the minimum essential supplementary information required for the job

  19. Tritium management and safety issues in ITER and DEMO breeding blankets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bornschein, B., E-mail: beate.bornschein@kit.edu [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute for Technical Physics, Tritium Laboratory Karlsruhe, Hermann v. Helmholtz Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein Leopoldshafen (Germany); Day, C.; Demange, D. [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute for Technical Physics, Tritium Laboratory Karlsruhe, Hermann v. Helmholtz Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein Leopoldshafen (Germany); Pinna, T. [ENEA UTFUS-TEC, Via E. Fermi 45, 00044 Frascati, Rome (Italy)

    2013-10-15

    Highlights: • Different aspects of tritium management in breeder blankets were reviewed. • Safe and reliable tritium management faces unique technological challenges. • Tritium recovery efficiency in tritium extraction system (TES) is a vital issue. • Tritium tracking accuracy needs to be demonstrated for the whole fuel cycle. • Improved or new processes for TES and CPS are needed in case of DEMO. -- Abstract: Safe, reliable and efficient tritium management in the breeder blanket faces unique technological challenges. Beside the tritium recovery efficiency in the tritium extraction and coolant purification systems, the tritium tracking accuracy between the inner and outer fuel cycle shall also be demonstrated. Furthermore, it is self-evident that safe handling and confinement of tritium need to be stringently assured to evolve fusion as a reliable technique. The present paper gives an overview of tritium management in breeder blankets. After a short introduction into the tritium fuel cycle and blanket basics, open tritium issues are discussed, thereby focusing on tritium extraction from blanket, coolant detritiation and tritium analytics and accountancy, necessary for accurate and reliable processing as well as for book-keeping.

  20. Maintenance and operations contractor plan for transition to the project Hanford management contract (PHMC)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Waite, J.L.

    1996-04-12

    This plan has been developed by Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC), and its subcontractors ICF Kaiser Hanford (ICF KH) and BCS Richland, Inc. (BCSR), at the direction of the US Department of Energy (DOE), Richland Operations Office (RL). WHC and its subcontractors are hereafter referred to as the Maintenance and Operations (M and O) Contractor. The plan identifies actions involving the M and O Contractor that are critical to (1) prepare for a smooth transition to the Project Hanford Management Contractor (PHMC), and (2) support and assist the PHMC and RL in achieving transition as planned, with no or minimal impact to ongoing baseline activities. The plan is structured around two primary phases. The first is the pre-award phase, which started in mid-February 1996 and is currently scheduled to be completed on June 1, 1996, at which time the contract is currently planned to be awarded. The second is the follow-on four-month post-award phase from June 1, 1996, until October 1, 1996. Considering the magnitude and complexity of the scope of work being transitioned, completion in four months will require significant effort by all parties. To better ensure success, the M and O Contractor has developed a pre-award phase that is intended to maximize readiness for transition. Priority is given to preparation for facility assessments and processing of personnel, as these areas are determined to be on the critical path for transition. In addition, the M and O Contractor will put emphasis during the pre-award phase to close out open items prior to contract award, to include grievances, employee concerns, audit findings, compliance issues, etc.

  1. Internal management contracts within the context of the Humanization Policy: experimenting with methodology within the reference frame of co-management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serafim Barbosa Santos Filho

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the experience of implementing internal management contracts in a public hospital. These contracts were understood as tools within the context of co-management and, within the perspective of humanization, as interventions in healthcare and management practices. With this focus, the methodological lines of the collective construction of such contracts and the indicators for the implementation process are presented. Through the process of agreed targets and participative evaluation, the following results were observed: in addition to increasing the institutional efficiency and effectiveness, the effects unleashed through these tools revealed their potential for transforming the work relationships, promoting co-responsibility between subjects and teams, adding value to workers and forming commitment networks for improved care.

  2. The Relationship between McGregor's X-Y Theory Management Style and Fulfillment of Psychological Contract: A Literature Review

    OpenAIRE

    Ramesh Kumar Moona Haji Mohamed; Che Supian Mohamad Nor

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to trace McGregor’s X-Y theory and its relationship with fulfillment of psychological contract. This is a review article relying on literature reviews and synthesizing concepts and ideas from related sources. McGregor’s X-Y theory is a natural rule for managing people. McGregor’s ideas suggest that there are two fundamental approaches to managing people. Theory X management style generally get poor results compare with managers use theory Y, which produces better ...

  3. The Government of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan’s Controls Over the Contract Management Process for U.S. Direct Assistance Need Improvement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-25

    original contract amount, $61 million, on a letter of credit (essentially an advance to the central bank that the vendor could draw on). MoF executed...No. DODIG-2015-082 The Government of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan’s Controls Over the Contract Management Process for U.S. Direct Assistance...to 00-00-2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE The Government of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan’s Controls Over the Contract Management Process for U.S

  4. Water management for controlling the breeding of Anopheles mosquitoes in rice irrigation schemes in Kenya

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mutero, C M; Blank, H; Konradsen, F

    2000-01-01

    between the 4th and 1st instar larvae in the subplots was only 0.08, indicating very low survival rates. In contrast, the 4th/1st instar ratio for subplots with other water management regimes ranged between 0.27 and 0.68, suggesting a correspondingly higher survival than observed with intermittent...... differences among subplots with different water regimes. The average yield per hectare ranged from 4.8-5.3 metric tonnes. The average daily water percolation/seepage rate was 3.6 mm and did not significantly differ among different water management regimes. Further research is necessary to, among other things......An experiment to assess the impact of intermittent irrigation on Anopheles larval populations, rice yields and water use was conducted in the Mwea rice irrigation scheme in Kenya. Four water regimes including intermittent irrigation were tested in a complete randomized block experimental design...

  5. The development of contract management system for small supermarket chain%小型连锁超市合同管理系统的开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵泉

    2014-01-01

    this system is suitable for small supermarket chain, mainly is the management of the contract as a whole. Its main functions include data management, contract contract contractauthority control, cost management, contract management, contract management, pricemanagement, contract follow-up contract, contract management and statistical analysis ofevaluation system of management. The system has friendly interface, intuitive, simple operation,system of multi-level permissions management can ensure the data security and reliability.%本系统适用于小型连锁超市,主要是从总体上对合同进行管理。其主要功能包括合同资料管理、合同权限控制、合同成本管理、合同价格管理、合同审批管理、合同跟进管理、合同统计分析、合同评价管理以及系统管理等。本系统界面友好、直观,操作简便,系统中的多级权限管理等也可以保证数据的安全可靠。

  6. Variation in broccoli cultivar phytochemical content under organic and conventional management systems: implications in breeding for nutrition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renaud, Erica N C; Lammerts van Bueren, Edith T; Myers, James R; Paulo, Maria João; van Eeuwijk, Fred A; Zhu, Ning; Juvik, John A

    2014-01-01

    Organic agriculture requires cultivars that can adapt to organic crop management systems without the use of synthetic pesticides as well as genotypes with improved nutritional value. The aim of this study encompassing 16 experiments was to compare 23 broccoli cultivars for the content of phytochemicals associated with health promotion grown under organic and conventional management in spring and fall plantings in two broccoli growing regions in the US (Oregon and Maine). The phytochemicals quantified included: glucosinolates (glucoraphanin, glucobrassicin, neoglucobrassin), tocopherols (δ-, γ-, α-tocopherol) and carotenoids (lutein, zeaxanthin, β-carotene). For glucoraphanin (17.5%) and lutein (13%), genotype was the major source of total variation; for glucobrassicin, region (36%) and the interaction of location and season (27.5%); and for neoglucobrassicin, both genotype (36.8%) and its interactions (34.4%) with season were important. For δ- and γ-tocopherols, season played the largest role in the total variation followed by location and genotype; for total carotenoids, genotype (8.41-13.03%) was the largest source of variation and its interactions with location and season. Overall, phytochemicals were not significantly influenced by management system. We observed that the cultivars with the highest concentrations of glucoraphanin had the lowest for glucobrassicin and neoglucobrassicin. The genotypes with high concentrations of glucobrassicin and neoglucobrassicin were the same cultivars and were early maturing F1 hybrids. Cultivars highest in tocopherols and carotenoids were open pollinated or early maturing F1 hybrids. We identified distinct locations and seasons where phytochemical performance was higher for each compound. Correlations among horticulture traits and phytochemicals demonstrated that glucoraphanin was negatively correlated with the carotenoids and the carotenoids were correlated with one another. Little or no association between

  7. The current state of Contract Law in Australia and why it is important for rural managers to understand it

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, Tony

    2011-01-01

    Farmers are business managers and as such they must understand the law or they are likely to fall foul of it. This especially applies to contract law, with which they deal constantly. Contract law is made up of the common law – as the courts have decided it – and statute law- as the state and federal parliaments have enacted statutes which modify the common law. The most important and most recent of the latter is the new Australian Consumer Law.

  8. 浅谈合同制消防队员的管理%Introduction to Management of Contract Firefighters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史佩如

    2014-01-01

    To strengthen the management and education of contract fire team and make it develop healthily. is the inevitable requirement to realize "police serves the public, law enforcement serves for people", and create the socialist harmonious society. Fire team should constantly explore the management mode of contract firefighters, and continuously stimulate contract fire team's battle effectiveness. Then, some superficial views are talked about in terms of the management of contract firefighters.%加强合同制消防队伍的管理和教育,使其健康地发展,这是实现“立警为公、执法为民”和创建社会主义和谐社会的必然要求。消防队伍要不断探索合同制队员的管理模式,不断挖掘合同制消防队伍的战斗力。下面就合同制消防员的管理,谈些粗浅的看法。

  9. Management, breeding, and health records from a captive colony of pekin robins (Leiothrix lutea), 2001 - 2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Cruz, Cláudio E F; de Oliveira, Luiz G S; Boabaid, Fabiana M; Zimermann, Francielli C; Stein, Gisele; Marks, Fernanda; Cerva, Cristine; Lieberknecht, Carlos; Canal, Claudio W; Driemeier, David

    2011-09-01

    Pekin robins (Leiothrix lutea) were once the most widely kept softbills in captivity. As a result of the Convention on the International Trade of Endangered Species of Fauna and Flora (CITES-1997), the worldwide trade of wild-caught pekin robins has been prohibited due to the depletion of native populations of this species. In Brazil, as in other countries, pekin robins imported prior to the enactment of the CITES have disappeared from aviaries because the end of the birds' natural life span has passed, and only very few captive-bred pekin robins now exist. While captive propagation fails to address the primary causes of wild bird population decline, it might help the recovery of populations of this species. This article presents records made over a 10-yr period of a captive colony of pekin robins. Emphasis is placed on the management of the flock, the ailments affecting the birds, and the findings associated with bird losses. The main causes of bird losses included rearing management failures and age-related disorders.

  10. Managing the rate of increase in average co-ancestry in a rolling front tree breeding strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerr, R J; McRae, T A; Dutkowski, G W; Tier, B

    2015-04-01

    In breeding forest trees, as for livestock, the goal is to capture as much genetic gain as possible for the breeding objective, while limiting long- and short-term inbreeding. The Southern Tree Breeding Association (STBA) is responsible for breeding Australia's two main commercial forest tree species and has adopted algorithms and methods commonly used in animal breeding to achieve this balance. Discrete generation breeding is the norm for most tree breeding programmes. However, the STBA uses an overlapping generation strategy, with a new stream of breeding initiated each year. A feature of the species bred by the STBA (Pinus radiata and Eucalyptus globulus) is the long interval (up to 7 years) between when an individual is mated and when its progeny is first assessed in field trials and performance data included in the national performance database. Mate selection methods must therefore recognize the large pool of unmeasured progeny generated over recent years of crossing. In addition, the substantial delay between when an individual is selected in a field trial and when it is clonally copied into a mating facility (breeding arboretum) means that selection and mating must occur as a two-step process. In this article, we describe modifications to preselection and mate selection algorithms that allow unmeasured progeny (juveniles) to be recognized. We also demonstrate that the addition of hypothetical new progeny to the juvenile pool is important for computing the increase in average co-ancestry in the population. Methods outlined in this article may have relevance to animal breeding programmes where between mating and progeny measurement, new rounds of mating are initiated.

  11. Water management for controlling the breeding of Anopheles mosquitoes in rice irrigation schemes in Kenya.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mutero, C M; Blank, H; Konradsen, F; van der Hoek, W

    2000-10-02

    An experiment to assess the impact of intermittent irrigation on Anopheles larval populations, rice yields and water use was conducted in the Mwea rice irrigation scheme in Kenya. Four water regimes including intermittent irrigation were tested in a complete randomized block experimental design. Intermittent irrigation was carried out on a weekly schedule, with flooded conditions from Saturday through Tuesday morning. Larval sampling at each plot was conducted every Monday and prior to draining of intermittently irrigated subplots on Tuesday. All the adult anopheline mosquitoes emerging from larvae collected in the experimental plots were identified as being An. arabiensis. By far the highest numbers of An. arabiensis 1st instar larvae were found in the intermittently irrigated subplots, indicating that the water regime provided the most attractive environment for egg laying. However, the ratio between the 4th and 1st instar larvae in the subplots was only 0.08, indicating very low survival rates. In contrast, the 4th/1st instar ratio for subplots with other water management regimes ranged between 0.27 and 0.68, suggesting a correspondingly higher survival than observed with intermittent irrigation. The total number of 4th instars was almost the same in the intermittently irrigated subplots and the irrigation system normally practised by the farmers. The failure to eliminate larval development up to the 4th instar in the former method was attributed to residual pools of water. Larval abundance fluctuated throughout the 12-week sampling period. The highest larval densities were recorded in the 3 weeks after transplanting the rice seedlings. Afterwards, larval numbers dropped dramatically as the height of rice plants increased. Rice yields at harvest did not show statistically significant differences among subplots with different water regimes. The average yield per hectare ranged from 4.8-5.3 metric tonnes. The average daily water percolation/seepage rate was 3.6 mm

  12. Stochastic decadal climate simulations for the Berg and Breede Water Management Areas, Western Cape province, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greene, Arthur M.; Hellmuth, Molly; Lumsden, Trevor

    2012-06-01

    A method is described for the generation of multivariate stochastic climate sequences for the Berg and Breede Water Management Areas in the Western Cape province of South Africa. The sequences, based on joint modeling of precipitation and minimum and maximum daily temperatures, are conditioned on annualized data, the aim being to simulate realistic variability on annual to decadal time scales. A vector autoregressive (VAR) model is utilized for this purpose and reproduces well those statistical attributes, including intervariable correlation and serial autocorrelation in individual variables, most relevant for the regional climate in this setting. The sequences incorporate nonlinear climate change trends, inferred using an ensemble of global climate models from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5). Subannual variability is simulated using a block resampling scheme based on the k-nearest-neighbor approach, preserving both temporal patterns and spatial correlations. Downscaling to a network of quinary-level catchments enables distributed runoff, streamflow, and crop simulations and the assessment and integration of impacts. Final output takes the form of daily sequences, structured for driving the ACRU agrohydrological model of the University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

  13. Commitments of Psychological Contracts and Diagnostic Use of Management Control Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Canan

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Investigating the commitments the Surveillance Agents from the National Telecommunications Agency (Anatel made in their psychological contracts and the diagnostic use of the management control system of the entity, this study tested the hypothesis that individuals tend to be more committed to aspects they are charged for within organizations. This is a theoretical and empirical study that assumed that the commitments comprise the part of the belief that individuals develop on reciprocal relations of exchange between themselves and their contractors, in line with the model by Rousseau (1989; 1995. It was also assumed that the extent to which aspects are charged from the members of an organization matches their perception of the diagnostic use of formal and informal control systems. Methodologically, the research was developed in two phases, the first qualitative, involving documentary analysis and content analysis of organizational documents; and the second quantitative, with the application of questionnaires answered by individuals who occupy the individual position referred to in the organization, who evaluated behavioral parameters that act on them and that were identified in the first phase. The data showed that 42 respondents tend to maintain high levels of commitment to the rules and standards proposed for their function. Statistical results also suggest that there is a significant positive correlation between the commitments assumed and the perceived diagnostic use of control systems for the surveillance agents who answered the questionnaire.

  14. TANK OPERATIONS CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT METHODOLOGY UTILIZING THE AGENCY METHOD OF CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT TO SAFELY AND EFFECTIVELY COMPLETE NUCLEAR CONSTRUCTION WORK

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    LESO KF; HAMILTON HM; FARNER M; HEATH T

    2010-01-14

    Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC (WRPS) has faced significant project management challenges in managing Davis-Bacon construction work that meets contractually required small business goals. The unique challenge is to provide contracting opportunities to multiple small business construction subcontractors while performing high hazard work in a safe and productive manner. Previous to the Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC contract, Construction work at the Hanford Tank Farms was contracted to large companies, while current Department of Energy (DOE) Contracts typically emphasize small business awards. As an integral part of Nuclear Project Management at Hanford Tank Farms, construction involves removal of old equipment and structures and installation of new infrastructure to support waste retrieval and waste feed delivery to the Waste Treatment Plant. Utilizing the optimum construction approach ensures that the contractors responsible for this work are successful in meeting safety, quality, cost and schedule objectives while working in a very hazardous environment. This paper describes the successful transition from a traditional project delivery method that utilized a large business general contractor and subcontractors to a new project construction management model that is more oriented to small businesses. Construction has selected the Agency Construction Management Method. This method was implemented in the first quarter of Fiscal Year (FY) 2009, where Construction Management is performed by substantially home office resources from the URS Northwest Office in Richland, Washington. The Agency Method has allowed WRPS to provide proven Construction Managers and Field Leads to mentor and direct small business contractors, thus providing expertise and assurance of a successful project. Construction execution contracts are subcontracted directly by WRPS to small or disadvantaged contractors that are mentored and supported by DRS personnel. Each small

  15. Scheme Design of the Contract Management Informatization System%合同管理信息化系统方案设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李智蓉; 白晓波

    2016-01-01

    通过实施合同管理信息化系统,实现合同在网上的起草申报、审查审批、签订管理、履行管理、建立台账等功能,以信息化技术提高企业合同管理水平。%By carrying out the contract management information system, to implement the contract signed in drafting the declaration, review online examination and approval, management, performance management, establish parameter, and other functions, to informatization technology to enhance enterprise contract management level.

  16. Carcass yield traits of kids from a complete diallel of Boer, Kiko, and Spanish meat goat breeds semi-intensively managed on humid subtropical pasture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Browning, R; Phelps, O; Chisley, C; Getz, W R; Hollis, T; Leite-Browning, M L

    2012-03-01

    Bucklings (n = 275) from a complete diallel of Boer, Kiko, and Spanish meat goats were slaughtered at 7 mo of age (4 mo postweaning) to evaluate genetic effects on carcass yield. Breed of sire did not affect (P > 0.05) live, carcass, and primal weights. Conversely, breed of dam was a consistently significant source of variation for carcass weight traits. Kiko dams produced kids with heavier (P Kiko with the significance of differences varying by trait. Cold carcass dressing percent was affected (P Kiko and Spanish sires. Dressing percent was also less (P Kiko dams; Spanish dams were intermediate and did not differ (P > 0.05) from Boer or Kiko. Subjective conformation scores for muscularity were affected (P Kiko-sired kids. Progeny of Boer dams had better (P Kiko-sired and Spanish-sired kids. Breed differences for primal cut proportions were negligible. Proportional boneless meat yields did not vary (P > 0.05) by breeds of sire or dam. Direct effects of Boer were negative for carcass weight, dressing percent, and shoulder weight and positive for proportional leg weight. Direct effects of Kiko were positive for carcass weight and shoulder weight and negative for proportional leg weight. Direct effects of Spanish did not differ (P > 0.10) from 0 for any trait tested. Heterosis levels were similar among breed pairings. Heterosis was substantial (P ≤ 0.05) for live, carcass, and primal weights (5 to 9%) but not for dressing percent, proportional boneless meat yield, or primal weight proportions (Kiko or Spanish germplasm for carcass yield when semi-intensively managed on humid, subtropical pasture. Results emphasize the importance of comparative breed evaluations to provide industry with reliable information on carcass yield among goat genotypes.

  17. A simple strategy for managing many recessive disorders in a dairy cattle breeding program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, John B

    2015-11-30

    High-density single nucleotide polymorphism genotypes have recently been used to identify a number of novel recessive mutations that adversely affect fertility in dairy cattle, as well as to track other conditions such as red coat color and polled. Most current methods for mate allocation fail to consider this information, and it will become increasingly difficult to manage matings as the number of recessive mutations to be accounted for increases. A modified version of a mating strategy that constrains inbreeding based on genomics (the Pryce method) was developed that also accounts for the economic effects of Mendelian disorders on overall economic merit (modified Pryce method) and compared with random mating, truncation selection, and the Pryce scheme. Several scenarios were considered, including scenarios with six hypothetical recessive alleles and 12 recessive alleles that are currently segregating in the US Holstein population. The Pryce method and the modified Pryce method showed similar ability to reduce frequencies of recessive alleles, particularly for loci with frequencies greater than 0.30. The modified Pryce method outperformed the Pryce method for low-frequency alleles with small economic value. Cumulative genetic gain for the selection objective was slightly greater when using the Pryce method, but rates of inbreeding were similar across methods. The proposed method reduces allele frequencies faster than other methods, and also can be used to maintain or increase the frequency of desirable recessives. It can be easily implemented in software for mate allocation, and the code used in this study is freely available as a reference implementation.

  18. Analyzing Valuation Practices through Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tesnière, Germain; Labatut, Julie; Boxenbaum, Eva

    This paper seeks to analyze the most recent changes in how societies value animals. We analyze this topic through the prism of contracts between breeding companies and farmers. Focusing on new valuation practices and qualification of breeding animals, we question the evaluation of difficult...

  19. A comparison of customized strategies to manage muscle fatigue in isometric artificially elicited muscle contractions for incomplete SCI subjects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    del-Ama Antonio J.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Muscle fatigue due to functional electrical stimulation still prevents its widespread use as a gait rehabilitation tool for spinal cord injured subjects. Although there is an active research towards optimization of pulse parameters to delay muscle fatigue, changes in stimulated muscle's performance during repeated contractions due to fatigue have not been yet determined. In this work, a study conducted in two phases with a sample of incomplete spinal cord injured patients is presented. In the first phase, a fatigue protocol based on submaximal isometric contractions allowed to obtain an objective criterion for estimation of fatigue of knee muscles from initial changes in muscle performance. The criterion is incorporated in the fatigue protocol in the second phase of the study, to compare two novel customized fatigue management strategies. Results showed that knee flexor muscles develop less force and lower fatigue than extensor muscles. Muscle fatigue management strategies based on customized modulations of stimulation frequency are valid to delay muscle fatigue.

  20. The Relationship between Human Resource Management Practices, Leader member exchange, Psychological contract Fulfillment, Trade Union and Employee Retention Behaviour

    OpenAIRE

    Ramesh Kumar Moona Haji Mohamed; Che Supian Mohamad Nor; Norziani Dahalan

    2014-01-01

    Employee retention is an issue facing most of corporate leaders due to high turnover rate. Many researchers have found that retaining employees is a significant challenge for organization as different employees are motivated by different retention strategies. A good human resource management practices would be one of the retention strategies. Human resource practices are also proposed as one of the most potent factors determining the nature and state of the psychological contract and leader m...

  1. The Healthcare Administrator’s Desk Reference: A Managed Care and Health Care Contracting Dictionary for the Military Health System

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-07-01

    Desk Reference 1 Running head : DICTIONARY The healthcare administrator’s desk reference: A managed care and healthcare contracting dictionary for...Berkowitz, E. N. (1996). Essentials of health care marketing . (4th ed.). Gaithersburg, MD: Aspen Publications. Borsos, D. (1998, October). Bid price...Mediation & Conciliation Service FMG Foreign Medical Graduate FMP 1. Family Member Prefix 2. Fair Market Price 3. Federal Personnel Manual FMS Foreign

  2. Birth to weaning kid traits from a complete diallel of Boer, Kiko, and Spanish meat goat breeds semi-intensively managed on humid subtropical pasture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Browning, R; Leite-Browning, M L

    2011-09-01

    Boer, Kiko, and Spanish meat goats were semi-intensively managed in a complete 3-breed diallel mating scheme to evaluate genetic effects on preweaning kid performance. Over a 6-yr period, 1,547 kids were born in March and May with 1,173 kids raised by their dams to weaning at 3 mo of age. March-born kids were lighter (P Kiko and Spanish. The direct Kiko effect for preweaning ADG was positive (P 0.10). Maternal Boer effects were negative (P Kiko effects were significantly (P 0.5) for preweaning ADG or weaning weight. Heterosis for birth weight was exhibited (P Kiko for ADG and weaning weight. Kiko and Spanish dams had greater (P Kiko or Spanish for preweaning kid performance when semi-intensively managed on humid, subtropical pasture. Kiko should be a preferred breed and to a lesser extent Spanish for enhancing birth to weaning kid performance. Findings of this study emphasize the importance of proper doe breed selection in achieving desired kid performance to weaning in meat goats.

  3. 浅谈建设工程项目采购合约管理%Talking about the Construction Project Procurement Contract Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白云燕

    2014-01-01

    The core of the procurement contract management work for bidding management, cost management and contract management of three parts. Procurement contract management throughout the entire life cycle of construction projects at various stages, each stage of construction project management is essential and very important part. Combined with their years of work experience, from bidding management, cost management and contract management tripartite face public procurement contracts management in detail.%采购合约管理工作的核心为招投标管理、造价管理和合同管理三部分。采购合约管理工作贯穿于建设项目全生命周期的各个阶段,是建设项目管理各阶段必不可缺且十分重要的环节。结合自身多年的工作经验,从招投标管理、造价管理和合同管理三方面对采购合约管理进行详细的阐述。

  4. The role of psychological contract on employee commitment and organisational citizenship behaviour: A study of Indonesian young entrepreneurs in management action

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ade I Anggraeni; Christantius Dwiatmadja; Ahyar Yuniawan

    2017-01-01

    Orientation: This study aims to analyse the entrepreneurship-driven reasons and characteristics of employee management of the young generation, by analysing the role of psychological contract on employee...

  5. The Air Force Processes for Approving Air Force Life Cycle Management Center Single-Award Indefinite-Delivery Indefinite-Quantity Contracts Need Improvement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-29

    IDIQ contract may be used to acquire supplies and services when the exact times and quantities of future deliveries are not known at the time of...Force Processes for Approving Air Force Life Cycle Management Center Single‑Award Indefinite‑ Delivery Indefinite‑Quantity Contracts Need...0147.000) │ i Results in Brief The Air Force Processes for Approving Air Force Life Cycle Management Center Single-Award Indefinite- Delivery Indefinite

  6. ASAS centennial paper: Contributions in the Journal of Animal Science to the development of protocols for breeding management of cattle through synchronization of estrus and ovulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lauderdale, J W

    2009-02-01

    American Society of Animal Science members, publishing in Journal of Animal Science (JAS), completed research that resulted in understanding the estrous cycle of cattle, which led to the ability to inseminate cattle on a given day with pregnancy rates similar to those achieved by 21-d breeding by a fertile and sound bull. Research published in JAS led to understanding estrus, ovulation, the estrous cycle, and postpartum interval for cattle (1930s through 1960s) and hormonal factors affecting corpus luteum lifespan of cattle (1950s through 1980s). Research during the 1940s to 1960s, using gonadotropins and progesterone to manage the estrous cycle of cattle, established the concepts for estrous synchronization and stimulated commercial research directed at developing cost-effective progestogen estrous synchronization products, leading to commercially available products from 1967 through today (Repromix, melengestrol acetate, Syncro-Mate-B, controlled internal drug release). Prostaglandin F(2alpha) products were approved for estrous synchronization (1970s, 1980s), and GnRH products were approved for use in cattle to treat ovarian follicular cysts (1970s, 1980s). Research published in JAS was essential for understanding the biology of and potential value of both PGF(2alpha) and GnRH and contributed both to new knowledge and scientific bases for future Food and Drug Administration Center for Veterinary Medicine approval of those products. Research during the1980s through 2000s led to understanding ovarian follicular waves and described the timing of follicular recruitment, selection, dominance, and atresia; this research was essential for the ability to effectively manage follicles to achieve success with timed AI. The knowledge gained through research published in JAS resulted in development of the numerous estrous synchronization and breeding management protocols that are cost-effective and meet the breeding management needs of most beef and dairy enterprises.

  7. Effect of breed (wool and hair and sex on the carcass quality of suckling lambs under intensive management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángeles Camacho

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Carcasses of twenty lambs (10 males and 10 females from the Canaria Hair breed (CHB and another twenty (10 males and 10 females from the Canaria breed (CB of 9.91±0.73 kg and 9.87±0.80 kg live weight, respectively, were studied. In the principal component (PC analysis, the projection of carcass measurement data in the first PC allowed for clearly distinguishing between CB and CHB. In the analysis of variance, breed effect was observed in the morphology of the carcass: CB lambs showed the longest carcasses and CHB lambs showed the widest carcasses. Due to their wider rump and shorter legs, CHB lambs presented a more compact leg index. The carcasses from Canaria lambs had the highest fat score, the heaviest shoulder and the highest total fat percentage. The carcasses from CHB lambs showed a higher lean percentage. The carcass yield, conformation, degree of fatness and tissue composition were similar in both sexes. However, significant differences in the commercial cut yield were observed: males showed heavier shoulders than females. The effect of sex on carcass quality is unimportant. The breeds are different in important characteristics for the market, such as fatness. This fact is of significant interest because it diversifies the offer and means that different markets can be satisfied.

  8. Construction Management Module: Contingency Contracting Synergistic Approach Integrating Joint Capabilities for USSOCOM

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-29

    followed a mixed application of fundamental research concepts outlined by many different sources ( Lincoln & Guba , 1985; Miles & Huberman, 1994;, Taylor...contracting- command Lincoln , Y., & Guba , E.G. (1985). Naturalist inquiry. Newburry Park, CA: Sage Publications. Lind, W. (2004, September-October...Bogdan, 1998; Marshall & Rossman, 1998; Creswell, 2003; Leedy & Ormond, 2005; Denzin & Lincoln , 2005). The researcher analyzed archival data

  9. Analysis of Contract Management Processes at Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-29

    to the product or service produced, and improve overall customer approval (Bauer, Duffy, & Westcott , 2006, p. 80). One way to determine how well an...contracts for supplies and services. Washington, DC: Under Secretary of Defense (AT&L). Bauer, J. E., Duffy, G. L., & Westcott , R. T. (2006). The quality

  10. Post-breeding movements of Ancient Murrelet Synthliboramphus antiquus family groups, subsequent migration of adults and implications for management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashimoto, Yuriko; Wilson, Laurie

    2017-01-01

    Increased shipping in British Columbia (BC) waters poses risks for marine birds from marine oil spills. Ancient Murrelets (Synthliboramphus antiquus), small marine diving birds of which half of the world’s population breeds in BC, are especially susceptible to oiling immediately after departing from their breeding colonies, as their offspring are flightless, constraining their parents to remain with them. In 2014 we deployed geolocator loggers on Ancient Murrelets at four breeding colonies, two on the east and two on the west coast of Haida Gwaii to investigate patterns of post-breeding dispersal and subsequent migratory movements. Birds from east coast colonies moved south and east after leaving their colonies, remaining in Queen Charlotte Sound and adjacent waters for 4–6 weeks, whereas those from west coast colonies moved steadily north and west, so that they left BC waters earlier than those from east coast colonies. These movements were consistent with being driven by surface currents. In June, all birds moved rapidly to the eastern Aleutians, SE Bering Sea, and waters off Kamchatka, where they probably moulted. In August, most moved north, some passing through Bering Straits into the Chukchi Sea. In October-November some birds returned to waters off western N America (33%) and the remainder carried on westwards to waters off Japan, Korea and NE China. For the former group the movement to the Bering Sea in June constituted a moult migration and, as such, is the first described for an auk. Those birds wintering in Asia began moving east in February and arrived off BC in March, when observations at colonies show that burrow visits begin in Haida Gwaii. Our data suggest that, immediately after colony departure, birds from the east coast colonies (about half the population of Haida Gwaii) are at higher risk from potential oil spills in northern British Columbia waters than those breeding on the west coast. PMID:28235033

  11. Pupal productivity & nutrient reserves of Aedes mosquitoes breeding in sewage drains & other habitats of Kolkata, India: Implications for habitat expansion & vector management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soumyajit Banerjee

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background & objectives: The quality of breeding sites is reflected through the pupal productivity and the life history traits of Aedes mosquitoes. Using nutrient reserves and pupal productivity of Aedes as indicators, the larval habitats including sewage drains were characterized to highlight the habitat expansion and vector management. Methods: The pupae and adults collected from the containers and sewage drains were characterized in terms of biomass and nutrient reserves and the data were subjected to three way factorial ANOVA. Discriminant function analyses were performed to highlight the differences among the habitats for sustenance of Aedes mosquitoes. Results: Survey of larval habitats from the study area revealed significant differences (P<0.05 in the pupal productivity of Aedes among the habitats and months. Despite sewage drains being comparatively less utilized for breeding, the pupae were of higher biomass with corresponding adults having longer wings in contrast to other habitats. The nutrient reserve of the adults emerging from pupae of sewage drains was significantly higher (P<0.05, compared to other habitats, as reflected through the discriminant function analysis. Interpretation & conclusions: The present results showed that for both Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus, sewage drains were equally congenial habitat as were plastic, porcelain and earthen habitats. Availability of Aedes immature in sewage drains poses increased risk of dengue, and thus vector control programme should consider inclusion of sewage drains as breeding habitat of dengue vector mosquitoes.

  12. Pupal productivity & nutrient reserves of Aedes mosquitoes breeding in sewage drains & other habitats of Kolkata, India: Implications for habitat expansion & vector management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banerjee, Soumyajit; Mohan, Sushree; Saha, Nabaneeta; Mohanty, Siba Prasad; Saha, Goutam K; Aditya, Gautam

    2015-12-01

    The quality of breeding sites is reflected through the pupal productivity and the life history traits of Aedes mosquitoes. Using nutrient reserves and pupal productivity of Aedes as indicators, the larval habitats including sewage drains were characterized to highlight the habitat expansion and vector management. The pupae and adults collected from the containers and sewage drains were characterized in terms of biomass and nutrient reserves and the data were subjected to three way factorial ANOVA. Discriminant function analyses were performed to highlight the differences among the habitats for sustenance of Aedes mosquitoes. Survey of larval habitats from the study area revealed significant differences (PAedes among the habitats and months. Despite sewage drains being comparatively less utilized for breeding, the pupae were of higher biomass with corresponding adults having longer wings in contrast to other habitats. The nutrient reserve of the adults emerging from pupae of sewage drains was significantly higher (Paegypti and Ae. albopictus, sewage drains were equally congenial habitat as were plastic, porcelain and earthen habitats. Availability of Aedes immature in sewage drains poses increased risk of dengue, and thus vector control programme should consider inclusion of sewage drains as breeding habitat of dengue vector mosquitoes.

  13. 谈如何加强建筑施工企业合同管理%Discussion on how to strengthen construction enterprise contract management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵敏

    2012-01-01

    Through analyzing contract management, in light of common problems encountering in construction enterprise contract management, the paper puts forward system construction of contract management, strengthening construction enterprise contract signing, strictly following con- tract items, and preserving regal rights of enterprises with laws, with a view to improve economic benefits of the enterprise.%通过对合同管理的分析,围绕建筑施工企业合同管理中的常见问题,提出搞好合同管理的制度建设,有针对性地加强建筑施工企业的合同签订,履约过程中严格执行合同条款,用法律维护企业合法权益,以提升企业的经济效益。

  14. How to do well contracts management works of construction enterprise%如何做好施工企业的合同管理工作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董艳梅

    2011-01-01

    In light of building construction contract management status in recent years,this paper further analyzes common problems occurring in building construction contract management including contract signing and implementing,and puts forward controlling countermeasures,with a view to strengthen contract management of building construction enterprise and to defend legal rights of enterprises.%结合近年来建筑施工合同管理中的现状,针对目前建筑施工合同管理中存在的合同签订及履约等常见问题,进行深入分析,并提出治理对策,以期加强建筑施工企业的合同管理,维护企业的合法权益。

  15. The effect of the new GMS contract on GP appointment provision in Wales: postal questionnaire survey of practice managers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neal Richard D

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Access to health professionals is a key UK NHS priority, and meeting access targets is rewarded through the new General Medical Services (GMS contract in the UK. We sought to determine the current state of appointment provision in Wales and any changes resulting from the need to meet indicators in the new GMS contract. We undertook a postal questionnaire study of practice managers in all general practices in Wales. Findings Valid responses were received from 396/505 (78.4% practice managers. 361 (93.1% practices reported that they had achieved the target for 2004/05. 104 (26% practices reported that they were 100% open access/advanced access. The most frequent changes reported in response to the new GMS contract were offering more open or advanced access slots (237, 60%, more GP phone consultations (167, 42%, introducing a telephone triage system (100, 25%, introducing a minor illness clinic (76, 19%, and employing or training a nurse practitioner (59, 15%. 83% practice managers believed that patients were able to get an appointment at the time they need it either 'all of the time' or 'most of the time', and 70% that patients were able to get an appointment with the GP of choice either 'all of the time' or 'most of the time'. Conclusion This survey has demonstrated the current extent of appointment provision in Wales, and how changes have been driven by incentives. Whether these changes are in the best interests of either patients or doctors, or both, remains to be seen.

  16. Audit Report on Management Controls over the Use of Service Contracts at the Office of River Protection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2009-04-01

    The Department of Energy's (Department) Office of River Protection (ORP) is responsible for the storage, treatment, and disposal of over 53 million gallons of highly radioactive waste from over 40 years of plutonium production at the Hanford Site. Because of the diversity, complexity, and large scope of its mission, coupled with its small staff, ORP told us that it has found it necessary to engage in service contracts to obtain consulting services, technical expertise, and support staff. Federal policy generally permits contractors to perform a wide range of support service activities, including, in most situations, the drafting of Government documents subject to the review and approval of Federal employees. Federal policy issued by the Office of Management and Budget, however, prohibits contractors from drafting agency responses to Congressional inquiries and reports issued by the Office of Inspector General and Government Accountability Office (GAO) because they are so closely related to the public interest and provide the appearance of private influence. To provide a majority of its needed services, ORP issued a Blanket Purchase Agreement to Project Assistance Corporation (PAC) in 2003. Through the Blanket Purchase Agreement, ORP acquired services in the areas of project management, risk assessment, program assessment, quality assurance, safety, cost and schedule estimating, budgeting and finance, and engineering. PAC has, in turn, subcontracted with various other firms to obtain some of the services needed by ORP. From 2005 to 2008, the total annual cost for the contract with PAC had grown from $4.7 million to $9.2 million. Because of the extent of the services provided and growing costs of the contract, we conducted this review to determine whether ORP appropriately administered its contract with the Project Assistance Corporation. Our review disclosed that, in some instances, ORP had not appropriately administered all work performed under the PAC

  17. EFFECTS OF RELAXATION THERAPY IN MANAGEMENT OF MUSCULAR CONTRACTION HEADACHE IN EXECUTIVES

    OpenAIRE

    Mehta, Manju

    1983-01-01

    SUMMARY Five executives suffering from muscular contractions (tension) headache were treated by deep muscular relaxation therapy. Individual sessions were supplemented by practice of relaxation at home, brief relaxation, and cue relaxation during office hours. The effect of therapy, was assessed, by comparing the baseline, pretreatment individual assessment of their behavioral state and self report, with the similar assessment done during and after the successful completion of therapy. The ad...

  18. Genetic Factors Involved in Fumonisin Accumulation in Maize Kernels and Their Implications in Maize Agronomic Management and Breeding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santiago, Rogelio; Cao, Ana; Butrón, Ana

    2015-01-01

    Contamination of maize with fumonisins depends on the environmental conditions; the maize resistance to contamination and the interaction between both factors. Although the effect of environmental factors is a determinant for establishing the risk of kernel contamination in a region, there is sufficient genetic variability among maize to develop resistance to fumonisin contamination and to breed varieties with contamination at safe levels. In addition, ascertaining which environmental factors are the most important in a region will allow the implementation of risk monitoring programs and suitable cultural practices to reduce the impact of such environmental variables. The current paper reviews all works done to address the influence of environmental variables on fumonisin accumulation, the genetics of maize resistance to fumonisin accumulation, and the search for the biochemical and/or structural mechanisms of the maize plant that could be involved in resistance to fumonisin contamination. We also explore the outcomes of breeding programs and risk monitoring of undertaken projects. PMID:26308050

  19. The use of Osseointegration and Orbital Implants in the Management of Orbital Exenteration or Severe Contracted Sockets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emine Esra Karaca

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To evaluate the results of bony integrated implants used in the management of exenterated or contracted sockets. Materials and Methods: Ten eyes of 10 cases underwent bony integrated implants for the management of exenterated (7 eyes or contracted (3 eyes sockets. The procedure was performed in two steps in a two-month period. The first step included placement of screws by preparing the osteotomy site, whereas the second step included implantation of magnetic implants over these screws that will adhere to the orbital implant. The patients were retrospectively evaluated for age, gender, etiology, surgical timing, history of radiotherapy, and time of application of epithesis. The presence of infection at the surgical site, implant loss, functional or cosmetic problems at the perisurgical area, the usage of epithesis during the social life were evaluated. Results: There were 7 female and 3 male patients. The mean age was 34 (5-75 years. The indications for enucleation or exenteration were: retinoblastoma (4 cases, malignant melanoma (2 cases, basal cell carcinoma (1 case, squamous cell carcinoma (1 case, rhabdomyosarcoma (1 case and sinoorbital mucormycosis (1 case. The epitheses were applied 3 to 156 months (mean 51 months following the intervention. All of the implantations were performed successfully. During follow-up, one case had lost the implant and one case had local infection that responded to antibiotic treatment. Three cases were reoperated and the implants were replaced after a 2-year follow-up time due to the deterioration of the magnetic effect of the implants. Conclusion: Bony integrated orbital implants have an important role in solution of esthetic problems encountered in the exenterated orbit and severe contracted socket. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2014; 44: 127-31

  20. The Role of a Human Factor and Psychological Contract in Managing the Knowledge in Conditions of Globalization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Rębisz

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available The modern business world is characterized by dynamic, changing markets and continuous technological advance. This article focuses on an issue related to a definition of the meaning of a man and his location in an organization that works in conditions of globalization. Certainly, the meaning of human as the source of knowledge in the development of organization is not a new subject. Knowledge is intrinsically linked to people and enables them to act. Modern organizations base their theory on the knowledge they can exploit to improve the competence of the employee, his loyalty and commitment to the company which aims at the competitive predominance. The identification of knowledge is necessary for the effective implementation of knowledge management system. Above all, presented theoretical analysis pinpoints mainly on discussing a mans role and psychological contract in managing the knowledge.

  1. Defining Medically Necessary Services To Protect Children. Protecting Consumer Rights in Public Systems: Managed Mental Health Care Policy. A Series of Issue Papers on Contracting for Managed Behavioral Health Care, #5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazelon Center for Mental Health Law, Washington, DC.

    This issue paper is designed to help families, advocates and policymakers ensure that "medically necessary" standards in public-sector contracts for managed mental health care protect children's rights, particularly the rights of children who have serious emotional disturbance. Fundamental principles for developing sound contracts for…

  2. Under-forest Breeding Pattern and the Practice Form

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHEN Zhong-ming

    2012-01-01

    Through the development in recent years, China’s under-forest breeding pattern can be divided into four kinds of practice form of under-forest breeding pattern (the pattern of breeding driven by leading enterprises; the pattern of breeding driven by intermediary economic organizations; the pattern of breeding driven by the professional wholesale market; the pattern of breeding driven by the modern animal husbandry demonstration areas), according to difference in the main body participating in signing the operation contract in breeding pattern. In the production practice of under-forest breeding pattern, the most widely used and successful pattern is the pattern of breeding driven by leading enterprises and its derivative forms.

  3. Managing wind turbine reliability and maintenance via performance-based contract

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jin, Tongdan; Ding, Yi; Guo, Huairui

    2012-01-01

    between system cost, reliability and spare parts stocking. This analytical insight into the system performance allows the turbine manufacturer to optimize design, production, and after-sales services. The study aims to create a theoretical basis to facilitate the transition of the maintenance paradigm...... firms who design and market wind turbines, and also provide maintenance and repair service. PBC differs from conventional service contracts in that the wind farmers compensate the service provider for the system performance, not the spare parts and repair labor. We explore the analytical relationship...

  4. Managing distrust-induced risk with deposit in supply chain contract decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Guanghua; Dong, Ming; Sun, Qi

    2014-01-01

    This paper studies the trust issue in a two-echelon supply chain information sharing process. In a supply chain, the retailer reports the forecasted demand to the supplier. Traditionally, the supplier's trust in the retailer's reported information is based on the retailer's reputation. However, this paper considers that trust is random and is also affected by the reputation and the demand gap. The supplier and retailer have been shown to have different evaluations regarding the degree of trust. Furthermore, distrust is inherently linked to perceived risk. To mitigate perceived risk, a two-stage decision process with an unpayback deposit contract is proposed. At the first stage, the supplier and the retailer negotiate the deposit contract. At the second stage, a Stackelberg game is used to determine the retailer's reported demand and the supplier's production quantity. We show that the deposits from the retailer's and supplier's perspectives are different. When the retailer's reported demand is equal to the supplier's forecasted demand, the retailer's evaluation of the deposit is more than that of supplier's. When the retailer's reported demand is equal to the retailer's forecasted demand, the deposit from the retailer's perspective is at the lowest level.

  5. Managing Distrust-Induced Risk with Deposit in Supply Chain Contract Decisions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guanghua Han

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the trust issue in a two-echelon supply chain information sharing process. In a supply chain, the retailer reports the forecasted demand to the supplier. Traditionally, the supplier’s trust in the retailer’s reported information is based on the retailer’s reputation. However, this paper considers that trust is random and is also affected by the reputation and the demand gap. The supplier and retailer have been shown to have different evaluations regarding the degree of trust. Furthermore, distrust is inherently linked to perceived risk. To mitigate perceived risk, a two-stage decision process with an unpayback deposit contract is proposed. At the first stage, the supplier and the retailer negotiate the deposit contract. At the second stage, a Stackelberg game is used to determine the retailer’s reported demand and the supplier’s production quantity. We show that the deposits from the retailer’s and supplier’s perspectives are different. When the retailer’s reported demand is equal to the supplier’s forecasted demand, the retailer’s evaluation of the deposit is more than that of supplier’s. When the retailer’s reported demand is equal to the retailer’s forecasted demand, the deposit from the retailer’s perspective is at the lowest level.

  6. An analysis of survey data by size of the breeding herd for the reproductive management practices of North American sow farms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knox, R V; Rodriguez Zas, S L; Sloter, N L; McNamara, K A; Gall, T J; Levis, D G; Safranski, T J; Singleton, W L

    2013-01-01

    A survey was performed to assess whether reproductive management differed among small-sized (Sm, farms (n=113). Farms with 501 to 4000 sows/barn were most frequent with sows kept in stalls on 90% of farms. More Lg farms (Pfarms weaned at >21 d, whereas M farms were more likely to wean at 18 to 21 d (Pfarms had farrowing rates above 89% than Sm and M farms (Pfarms than on S. On M and Lg farms, sows were bred in larger batches, using lower person to sow ratios, and with more people required than on Sm farms (Pfarms spent time moving sows and on records, but hours devoted to estrous detection, breeding, and other tasks did not differ among farms (P>0.10). More M and Lg farms used more boars for estrus detection, rotated boars, and controlled boar movement than Sm farms (PFarm size also influenced semen sourcing, number of doses received, and frequency of semen delivery (Pfarms performed AI in the presence of a boar, left the AI rod in after AI, checked for returns, and diagnosed pregnancy than Sm farms (Pfarms within 2 d, occurring most often in the AM, but with exposure times varying from 1 to 5 min/sow. Semen was thermally protected for 50% of farms receiving shipments, and semen storage was consistent among farms. For AI, service occurred within minutes to hours after detection of estrus on 61% of farms. During AI, procedures such as back-pressure were required, whereas techniques such as hands-free AI were prohibited on most farms. Sow movement was allowed only once at 4 wk after breeding on 50% of farms, and pregnancy diagnosis occurred at 3 to 5 wk on 78% of farms. Most sows were allowed ≥1 chance for breeding after conception failure before culling. Incidence of fail to farrow was 82% of farms. Summer infertility was observed on 69% of farms with estrus and pregnancy failures the leading causes. Over 70% of farms reported a technician effect on fertility. These results suggest that reproductive management of farms in key areas related to weaning, breeding

  7. Importance of birthcoat for lamb survival and growth in the Romane sheep breed extensively managed on rangelands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allain, D; Foulquié, D; Autran, P; Francois, D; Bouix, J

    2014-01-01

    The Romane sheep breed proved to be adapted to harsh conditions with high prolificacy and lamb survival in outdoor farming, even under bad climate conditions. This breed shows large variability in its fleece type at birth and it has been suggested that lamb survival could be related to birthcoat type. The aim of the present study was to: i) characterize the coat of the lamb at birth and quantify lamb survival in relation to the birthcoat type and its protective properties concerning heat loss in the Romane breed raised under permanent exposure outdoors from birth, and ii) estimate genetic parameters of birthcoat type in relation to lamb survival and live body weight. A total of 7,880 lambs from 104 sires and 1,664 dams were used in a 14-yr experiment. The pedigree file included 9,625 individuals over 15 generations. Birthcoat type, coat surface temperature, coat depth, lamb survival, and growth were measured from birth to weaning. Weather data (temperature, wind speed, relative humidity, and precipitation) were recorded daily during lambing time. Two types of coats were observed at birth: hairy coat (62.9% of lambs) with a long coat depth (average 23.3 mm) or woolly 1 (37.1% of lambs) with a short coat depth (average 8.3 mm). Birthcoat type was an important factor affecting lamb survival and growth from birth in the Romane breed. Total mortality rate was significantly less in hairy-bearing coat lambs than in short-woolly coat ones: 7.0% vs. 9.6%, 11.6 % vs. 14.8%, and 15.7 % vs. 20.1 % at 2, 10, and 50 d, respectively, and the relative risks of death increased by 37%, 67%, and 46 % at 2, 10, and 50 d of age, respectively, in short-woolly lambs. At birth, a significant lower coat surface temperature, indicating less heat loss, was observed in long-hairy coat lambs compared with others (21.1°C vs. 26.1°C). Heavier body weights and better growth performances up to the age of 50 d were observed in long-hairy-bearing coat lambs. Lamb survival was positively correlated

  8. Identification and management of different risks in the design-build contractor- contracts and providing a method to cover them

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Babania Bazgiri

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, due to the interest of employers to implement more quicklyand to reduce the employer risks inconstruction and industrial projects and subsequentlyreducing the project costs, the global approach to the transfer of projects was two-factor. The problem that thedesign-buildcontractor is confronting with is the risk amount in the projects. Specific and unique complexityof the construction projects indicates the fact that the current approaches of risk management can not be responsible for management problems and issues of these projects. Correct operation of the projects requires the implementation of a risk management system to provide successful completion of the projects;thus in this study it is attempted to present a system to manage the risks of the construction project. With respect to the components causing the risk in these projects the contractor try to determinedifferent probabilities of risk acceptance to understand that by which probability the success risk or failure risk of the project implementation ishigher or lower than a certain level. This will be implemented by identifying the risks of the designbuild contracts and determining their effect, probabilityand analysis. Collecting the events causing the risk is performed using the study of past researches;determining the effects and probability of these risks is conducted via questionnaires; and the risks are analyzed using the Monte Carlo simulation method. The result is the creation of a chart, indicating the acceptance possibility of the risk different percentages.

  9. Public Internal Performance Contracting - Managing and financing energy-efficiency measures in public administrations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Irrek, Wolfgang; Thomas, Stefan [Wuppertal Inst. for Climate, Environment, Energy (Germany); Attali, Sophie [International Consulting on Energy, L' Ile Saint-Denis (France); Benke, Georg [The Austrian Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria); Borg, Nils [Borg, Co AB, Stockholm (Sweden); Figorski, Arkadiusz; Filipowicz, Mariusz [Akademia Gorniczo-Hutnicza, Cracow (Poland); Labanca, Nicola; Pindar, Andrew [Politecnico di Milano (Italy); Ochoa, Amalia [ICLEI Europe, Freiburg (Germany)

    2005-07-01

    Public Internal Performance Contracting (PICO) is a type of in-house 'third-party' financing or energy performance contracting scheme. In theory, once triggered, PICO provides a 'perpetual motion' finance mechanism for public authorities by which energy efficiency savings fund new investments in an upward virtuous cycle. One unit of the public authority, e.g. the technical department, delivers the financial and technical energy efficiency service to another unit of the same public administration. Remuneration takes place through cross payments between these units, according savings made in energy costs. The initial investments require 'seed funds' to kick start the process, after which the cross payments provide sufficient means to fund further measures. How can the PICO mechanism be initiated in times of tight public budgets? What difficulties are faced during the implementation process and how can these be overcome? What kind of energy-efficiency measures is PICO best suited to? And what role can national and European policy play to facilitate implementation? These are the key questions that the EU-funded PICOLight project aimed to tackle. This was done through testing and disseminating the PICO schemes, first used in Germany, in six European countries, developing these further and making the necessary adaptations. PICO schemes were piloted in seven public administrations with the technical focus on energy-efficient lighting retrofits. The experiences gathered in these pilot projects should help to introduce PICO schemes on a larger scale in public administrations in Europe. The paper presents the preliminary results from these pilot projects.

  10. The Contract and Law in the Engineering Project Management%论工程项目管理中的合同与法律

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    党永胜

    2013-01-01

    Contract management determines the whole project management if can effectively develop or not in a certain extent, and the law is the important basis in the process of engineering contract drafting, signing and implementation, this paper described the contract and law in detail based on the engineering project management.%合同管理从一定意义上来说决定了整个工程管理是否能够有效开展,而法律是工程合同在起草、签订以及履行过程中的重要依据,本文以此为基础详细论述了工程项目管理中的合同与法律。

  11. On analysis of contract refined management in architectural enterprises%建筑施工企业合同精细化管理探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许利波

    2011-01-01

    阐述了建筑施工企业加强合同精细化管理的必要性,针对当前合同签订履行过程中粗放式管理现状及存在的问题进行了分析,提出了加强施工企业合同精细化管理的具体措施,以期指导实践。%The paper illustrates the necessity for improving the detailed management of contracts in architectural enterprises,analyzes the extensive management and problems in the implementation of the contract signing,and points out the factual measures for improving the refined management of the contracts in construction enterprises,so as to direct the practice.

  12. Perceived Barriers to Utilizing Maternal and Neonatal Health Services in Contracted-Out Versus Government-Managed Health Facilities in the Rural Districts of Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atif Riaz

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Background A number of developing countries have contracted out public health facilities to the Non-Government Organizations (NGOs in order to improve service utilization. However, there is a paucity of in-depth qualitative information on barriers to access services as a result of contracting from service users’ perspective. The objective of this study was to explore perceived barriers to utilizing Maternal and Neonatal Health (MNH services, in health facilities contracted out by government to NGO for service provision versus in those which are managed by government (non-contracted. Methods A community-based qualitative exploratory study was conducted between April to September 2012 at two contracted-out and four matched non-contracted primary healthcare facilities in Thatta and Chitral, rural districts of Pakistan. Using semi-structured guide, the data were collected through thirty-six Focus Group Discussions (FGDs conducted with mothers and their spouses in the catchment areas of selected facilities. Thematic analysis was performed using NVivo version 10.0 in which themes and sub-themes emerged. Results Key barriers reported in contracted sites included physical distance, user charges and familial influences. Whereas, poor functionality of health centres was the main barrier for non-contracted sites with other issues being comparatively less salient. Decision-making patterns for participants of both catchments were largely similar. Spouses and mother-in-laws particularly influenced the decision to utilize health facilities. Conclusion Contracting out of health facility reduces supply side barriers to MNH services for the community served but distance, user charges and low awareness remain significant barriers. Contracting needs to be accompanied by measures for transportation in remote settings, oversight on user fee charges by contractor, and strong communitybased behavior change strategies.

  13. Managing Higher Education in a Climate of Contraction: A Conceptual Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, K. J.

    1980-01-01

    Five categories of opportunity for managing institutions successfully in no-growth periods include: producing new or different products, improving productivity with new production methods, opening new markets, locating new sources of support, and restructuring activities. (MSE)

  14. Premature Contractions

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Peripheral Artery Disease Venous Thromboembolism Aortic Aneurysm More Premature Contractions - PACs and PVCs Updated:Dec 15,2016 ... You felt this more-forceful beat. Types of premature contractions Premature atrial contractions (PACs) start in the ...

  15. Discussion on Contract Management of Construction Enterprises in New Situation%新形势下的施工企业合同管理探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白峥

    2011-01-01

    From the perspective of current market economy environment,the necessity and specificity of the contract management for construction enterprises were elaborated.Common problems of contract management lie in construction enterprises were analyzed,such as poor legal consciousness,unsound contract management setup and the system,formalized contract execution,etc.Based on the above analysis,some key points for implementing effective contract management in construction enterprises were discussed in detail,such as the establishment of contract management setup,promoting project management,optimizing the design of construction organizations,avoiding contract risk,strengthening sub-management,etc.Some aspects were focused on,such as how to infiltrate valuation norms into the process of contract management,reinforce risk consciousness and practically evade risk in the current valuation model of Bill of Quantities.%从当前市场环境视角入手,阐述建筑行业施工企业开展合同管理的必要性和特殊性,分析了当前施工企业合同管理工作中普遍存在的问题,如企业法律意识淡薄,合同管理体系和制度不健全,合同执行流于形式等.通过分析,详细探讨了建筑行业施工企业实施有效合同管理的关键环节,如合同管理体系的建立,推行项目管理模式,优化施工组织设计,规避合同风险,强化分包管理等,还着重分析了在当前工程量清单计价模式下,如何将计价规范贯彻于合同管理过程中,以强化风险意识,切实规避风险.

  16. Dengue vector management using insecticide treated materials and targeted interventions on productive breeding-sites in Guatemala

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizzo Nidia

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In view of the epidemiological expansion of dengue worldwide and the availability of new tools and strategies particularly for controlling the primary dengue vector Aedes aegypti, an intervention study was set up to test the efficacy, cost and feasibility of a combined approach of insecticide treated materials (ITMs alone and in combination with appropriate targeted interventions of the most productive vector breeding-sites. Methods The study was conducted as a cluster randomized community trial using “reduction of the vector population” as the main outcome variable. The trial had two arms: 10 intervention clusters (neighborhoods and 10 control clusters in the town of Poptun Guatemala. Activities included entomological assessments (characteristics of breeding-sites, pupal productivity, Stegomyia indices at baseline, 6 weeks after the first intervention (coverage of window and exterior doorways made of PermaNet 2.0 netting, factory treated with deltamethrin at 55 mg/m2, and of 200 L drums with similar treated material and 6 weeks after the second intervention (combination of treated materials and other suitable interventions targeting productive breeding-sites i.e larviciding with Temephos, elimination etc.. The second intervention took place 17 months after the first intervention. The insecticide residual activity and the insecticidal content were also studied at different intervals. Additionally, information about demographic characteristics, cost of the intervention, coverage of houses protected and satisfaction in the population with the interventions was collected. Results At baseline (during the dry season a variety of productive container types for Aedes pupae were identified: various container types holding >20 L, 200 L drums, washbasins and buckets (producing 83.7% of all pupae. After covering 100% of windows and exterior doorways and a small number of drums (where the commercial cover could be fixed in 970 study

  17. Dengue vector management using insecticide treated materials and targeted interventions on productive breeding-sites in Guatemala.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizzo, Nidia; Gramajo, Rodrigo; Escobar, Maria Cabrera; Arana, Byron; Kroeger, Axel; Manrique-Saide, Pablo; Petzold, Max

    2012-10-30

    In view of the epidemiological expansion of dengue worldwide and the availability of new tools and strategies particularly for controlling the primary dengue vector Aedes aegypti, an intervention study was set up to test the efficacy, cost and feasibility of a combined approach of insecticide treated materials (ITMs) alone and in combination with appropriate targeted interventions of the most productive vector breeding-sites. The study was conducted as a cluster randomized community trial using "reduction of the vector population" as the main outcome variable. The trial had two arms: 10 intervention clusters (neighborhoods) and 10 control clusters in the town of Poptun Guatemala. Activities included entomological assessments (characteristics of breeding-sites, pupal productivity, Stegomyia indices) at baseline, 6 weeks after the first intervention (coverage of window and exterior doorways made of PermaNet 2.0 netting, factory treated with deltamethrin at 55 mg/m2, and of 200 L drums with similar treated material) and 6 weeks after the second intervention (combination of treated materials and other suitable interventions targeting productive breeding-sites i.e larviciding with Temephos, elimination etc.). The second intervention took place 17 months after the first intervention. The insecticide residual activity and the insecticidal content were also studied at different intervals. Additionally, information about demographic characteristics, cost of the intervention, coverage of houses protected and satisfaction in the population with the interventions was collected. At baseline (during the dry season) a variety of productive container types for Aedes pupae were identified: various container types holding >20 L, 200 L drums, washbasins and buckets (producing 83.7% of all pupae). After covering 100% of windows and exterior doorways and a small number of drums (where the commercial cover could be fixed) in 970 study households, tropical rains occurred in the area and

  18. State health managers' perceptions of the Public Health Action Organizational Contract in the State of Ceará, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goya, Neusa; Andrade, Luiz Odorico Monteiro de; Pontes, Ricardo José Soares; Tajra, Fábio Solon; Barreto, Ivana Cristina de Holanda Cunha

    2017-04-01

    The Public Health Action Organizational Contract (COAP) / Decree 7.508/2011 aimed to seal health agreements made between federated entities to promote the cooperative governance and management of Health Regions. A qualitative study was carried out adopting a hermeneutic approach to understand state health managers' perceptions of the elaboration and effects of the COAP in the State of Ceará. Open-ended interviewees and documental analysis were conducted. It was observed that the COAP led to the strengthening of regionalization in the government sphere; institutional gains through the implementation of ombudsmen and the National System of Pharmaceutical Care Management; increased information about the state health system's workforce; and health budget transparency. The following problems were (re)visited: institutional weakness in the operation of the network; limited state capacity for regulation of care; and underfunding. Regional governance was restricted to the government sphere, coordinated by the state, and was characterized by a predominantly bureaucratic and hierarchical governance structure. The COAP inaugurated a contractual interfederative model of regionalization, but revealed the institutional weaknesses of the SUS and its lacks of capacity to fulfill its principles as the structural problems of the three-tiered model go unaddressed.

  19. Balancing habitat delivery for breeding marsh birds and nonbreeding waterfowl: An integrated waterbird management and monitoring approach at Clarence Cannon National Wildlife Refuge, Missouri

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loges, Brian W.; Lyons, James E.; Tavernia, Brian G.

    2017-08-23

    The Clarence Cannon National Wildlife Refuge (CCNWR) in the Mississippi River flood plain of eastern Missouri provides high quality emergent marsh and moist-soil habitat benefitting both nesting marsh birds and migrating waterfowl. Staff of CCNWR manipulate water levels and vegetation in the 17 units of the CCNWR to provide conditions favorable to these two important guilds. Although both guilds include focal species at multiple planning levels and complement objectives to provide a diversity of wetland community types and water regimes, additional decision support is needed for choosing how much emergent marsh and moist-soil habitat should be provided through annual management actions.To develop decision guidance for balanced delivery of high-energy waterfowl habitat and breeding marsh bird habitat, two measureable management objectives were identified: nonbreeding Anas Linnaeus (dabbling duck) use-days and Rallus elegans (king rail) occupancy of managed units. Three different composite management actions were identified to achieve these objectives. Each composite management action is a unique combination of growing season water regime and soil disturbance. The three composite management actions are intense moist-soil management (moist-soil), intermediate moist-soil (intermediate), and perennial management, which idles soils disturbance (perennial). The two management objectives and three management options were used in a multi-criteria decision analysis to indicate resource allocations and inform annual decision making. Outcomes of the composite management actions were predicted in two ways and multi-criteria decision analysis was used with each set of predictions. First, outcomes were predicted using expert-elicitation techniques and a panel of subject matter experts. Second, empirical data from the Integrated Waterbird Management and Monitoring Initiative collected between 2010 and 2013 were used; where data were lacking, expert judgment was used. Also, a

  20. Welfare Reform: Bibliographies of Case Management and Agency/Client Contracting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-03-11

    the Quality of Community Care for % ~the Chronically Mentally Disabled: The Role of Case Management." Schizophrenia Bulletin. 1982; 8(4): 655-674...James and others. "Role of the Family in Case Manage- ment of the Mentally Ill." Schizophrenia Bulletin. 1986; 12(4): 699-708. The authors discuss and...resources for the purpose of empowerment . 7 Figures, 128 References. + s Page .12 GAID HRD-H84IFS Welfare Reform Bibliographies - 9 ’~’ *𔄃 S * % .. ~’S ’ W W

  1. Privacy Management Service Contracts as a New Business Opportunity for Operators

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L-F. Pau (Louis-François)

    2006-01-01

    textabstractRecognizing the importance of privacy management as a business process and a business support process, this paper proposes the use of service level agreements (SLA’s) around privacy features, including qualitative and quantitative ones. Privacy metrics are defined by both parties with

  2. Privacy Management Service Contracts as a New Business Opportunity for Operators

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L-F. Pau (Louis-François)

    2006-01-01

    textabstractRecognizing the importance of privacy management as a business process and a business support process, this paper proposes the use of service level agreements (SLA’s) around privacy features, including qualitative and quantitative ones. Privacy metrics are defined by both parties with bo

  3. Integral Risk Management for DBFM Tenders and Contracts in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wong, J.; Berkelaar, R.; Pekelharing, H.

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents an overview of an integral risk management approach with emphasis on the relationships with the costing and scheduling processes. Forms of uncertainty related to project planning are classified and implemented in the probabilistic costing and scheduling processes. Furthermore,

  4. Analysis of Air Force Office of Special Investigations Agents Knowledge of the Contract Management Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    organization to achieve ‘effectiveness and efficiency of operations, reliability of financial reporting, and compliance with applicable laws and regulations ...counterterrorism operations. In 2010 Agent Menanno was assigned to AFOSI Det 246, Al Dhafra AB, UAE , where he served as the CI Program Manager and was...59 1. Analysis by Employment Category

  5. Project Cost Management under General Contracting Mode%总承包模式下的工程造价管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓平

    2014-01-01

    随着我国建筑行业不断发展,工程项目总承包模式也随之发展起来。在现代建筑工程管理中,工程项目总承包是一种新型的管理模式,弥补了传统工程承包模式中的不足,推动了工程管理工作的发展。%Along with the construction industry continues to develop in our country, the general contracting mode of project has also developed. In modern construction project managem- ent, general contracting of project is a kind of new manage- ment mode. It makes up for the deficiencies of the traditional engineering contracting mode and promotes the development of project management work.

  6. Contracting for Public Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Greve, Carsten

    strategic purchasing understanding markets communicating the contracting decision designing and drafting the contract the role of the consumer the regulation of service provision Illustrated throughout with practitioner case-studies from a range of OECD countries, this book presents an important new......Insightful and comprehensive and covering new subjects like globalization and IT, this text, international in its approach, provides a thorough introduction to the key phases of the contracting process and the skills required by managers in its implementation. These include: policy for contracting...

  7. Using SCOR as a Supply Chain Management Framework for Government Agency Contract Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paxton, Joe

    2010-01-01

    Enterprise Supply Chain Management consists of: Specifying suppliers to support inter-program and inter-agency efforts. Optimizing inventory levels and locations throughout the supply chain. Executing corrective actions to improve quality and lead time issues throughout the supply chain. Processing reported data to calculate and make visible supply chain performance (provide information for decisions and actions). Ensuring the right hardware and information is provided at the right time and in the right place. Monitoring the industrial base while developing, producing, operating and retiring a system. Seeing performance deep in the supply chain that could indicate issues affecting system availability and readiness.

  8. Development of project management data calculation models relating to dismantling of nuclear facilities. Contract research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sukegawa, Takenori; Ohshima, Soichiro; Shiraishi, Kunio; Yanagihara, Satoshi [Department of Decommissioning and Waste Management, Tokai Research Establishment, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Tokai Ibaraki (Japan)

    1999-02-01

    Labor-hours necessary for dismantling activities are generally estimated based on experience, for example, as a form of unit productivity factors such as the relationship between labor-hours and weight of components dismantled which were obtained by actual dismantling activities. The project management data calculation models together with unit productivity factors for basic dismantling work activities were developed by analyzing the data obtained from the Japan Power Demonstration Reactor (JPDR) dismantling project, which will be applicable to estimation of labor-hours in various dismantling conditions. Typical work breakdown structures were also prepared by categorizing repeatable basic dismantling work activities for effective planning of dismantling activities. The labor-hours for dismantling the JPDR components and structures were calculated by using the code system for management of reactor decommissioning (COSMARD), in which the work breakdown structures and the calculation models were contained. It was confirmed that the labor-hours could be easily estimated by COSMARD through the calculations. This report describes the labor-hour calculation models and application of these models to COSMARD. (author)

  9. Grassland breeding bird use of managed grasslands on National Wildlife Refuges in Region 5 of the Fish and Wildlife Service

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The overall purpose of this project is to understand the likely capacity of Fish and Wildlife Service land managers to affect grassland bird populations in Region 5....

  10. A stepwise approach for the management of capsular contraction syndrome in hinge-based accommodative intraocular lenses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Page TP

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Timothy P Page,1 Jeffrey Whitman2 1Department of Ophthalmology, Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, Royal Oak, MI, 2Key-Whitman Eye Center, Dallas, TX, USA Purpose: The aims of this study are to define the various stages of capsular contraction syndrome (CCS and its effect on refractive error with hinge-based accommodating intraocular lenses (IOLs and to describe a systematic approach for the management of the different stages of CCS. Methods: Hinge-based accommodative IOLs function via flexible hinges that vault the optic forward during accommodation. However, it is the flexibility of the IOL that makes it prone to deformation in the event of CCS. The signs of CCS are identified and described as posterior capsular striae, fibrotic bands across the anterior or posterior capsule, and capsule opacification. Various degrees of CCS may affect hinge-based accommodating IOLs in a spectrum from subtle changes in IOL appearance to significant increases in refractive error and loss of uncorrected visual acuity. The signs of CCS and its effect on IOL position and the resulting changes in refractive error are matched to appropriate treatment plans. Results: A surgeon can avoid CCS and manage the condition if familiar with the early signs of CCS. If CCS is identified, yttrium–aluminum–garnet laser capsulotomy should be considered. If moderate CCS occurs, it may be effectively treated with insertion of a capsular tension ring. If CCS is allowed to progress to advanced stages, an IOL exchange may be necessary. Conclusion: Surgeons should be familiar with the stages of CCS and subsequent interventions. The steps outlined in this article help to guide surgeons in the prevention and management of CCS with hinge-based accommodative IOLs in order to provide improved refractive outcomes for patients. Keywords: z-syndrome, pseudophakic tilt, IOL subluxation, CTR, capsular tension ring, capsular fibrosis

  11. 基于心理契约的人力资源管理探析%Human Resource Management Based on Psychological Contract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张英宣; 赵翠

    2012-01-01

    现代企业管理中,人力资源作为企业竞争的主导力量,其中员工心理契约问题受到越来越多地关注.大量阅读文献资料后,发现人力资源管理活动(如:招聘、培训、绩效等)对员工心理契约的影响深远.文章通过对心理契约理论的介绍,结合心理契约与人力资源管理的影响关系,从人力资源管理六大模块的角度出发,分析提出防止员工心理契约违背的有效措施,提高其工作满意度,以此来长效保障企业管理活动的顺利进行,战略目标的长远发展.%In modern enterprise management, human resources are the dominant force in the enterprise competition, and the workers' psychological contract has get more and more attention. After reading some documents, it found that human resources management activities (such as, recruitment, training, performance, etc.) have a far-reaching influence on the psychological contract of employees. The article introduces the psychological contract theory, combines with the relationship between psychological contract and human resource management, analyzes the six modules of human resources management, and proposes the effective measures to prevent the psychological contract violates and improve its job satisfaction, in order to ensure the smooth implementation of enterprise management activities and the long-term development of the strategic goal.

  12. 7 CFR 250.53 - Contract provisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION DONATION OF FOODS FOR USE IN THE UNITED STATES, ITS... Management Companies § 250.53 Contract provisions. (a) Required contract provisions in fixed-price contracts... recipient agency's fixed-price contract with a food service management company. Such provisions must also...

  13. Variation in Broccoli Cultivar Phytochemical Content under Organic and Conventional Management Systems: Implications in Breeding for Nutrition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Renaud, E.N.C.; Lammerts Van Bueren, E.; Myers, J.R.; Caldas Paulo, M.J.; Eeuwijk, van F.A.; Zhu, N.; Juvik, J.A.

    2014-01-01

    Organic agriculture requires cultivars that can adapt to organic crop management systems without the use of synthetic pesticides as well as genotypes with improved nutritional value. The aim of this study encompassing 16 experiments was to compare 23 broccoli cultivars for the content of phytochemic

  14. Procedures and best management practices for genetically engineered traits in USDA/ARS germplasm and breeding lines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Two decades have passed since the commercialization in the U. S. of crops with genetically engineered (GE) traits. Today more than 80% of corn, soybean, canola, sugar beet and cotton acreage in the United States is planted to transgenic cultivars, but concerns exist regarding how best to manage the ...

  15. A review of best management practices and the mitigation of stream-breeding salamanders in the eastern deciduous forest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas A. Maigret; John J. Cox

    2014-01-01

    Timber harvest has been implicated as a causative factor in the decline of amphibian populations and diversity in many areas of the world. The adoption of best management practices (BMPs) is intended to minimize the impacts of timber harvest on the biotic community, including amphibians and their habitat requirements. Herein, we synthesize the current scientific...

  16. 48 CFR 246.202 - Types of contract quality requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Quality Requirements 246.202 Types of contract quality requirements. ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Types of contract quality...

  17. Optimal Coordinated Management of a Plug-In Electric Vehicle Charging Station under a Flexible Penalty Contract for Voltage Security

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jip Kim

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The increasing penetration of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs may cause a low-voltage problem in the distribution network. In particular, the introduction of charging stations where multiple PEVs are simultaneously charged at the same bus can aggravate the low-voltage problem. Unlike a distribution network operator (DNO who has the overall responsibility for stable and reliable network operation, a charging station operator (CSO may schedule PEV charging without consideration for the resulting severe voltage drop. Therefore, there is a need for the DNO to impose a coordination measure to induce the CSO to adjust its charging schedule to help mitigate the voltage problem. Although the current time-of-use (TOU tariff is an indirect coordination measure that can motivate the CSO to shift its charging demand to off-peak time by imposing a high rate at the peak time, it is limited by its rigidity in that the network voltage condition cannot be flexibly reflected in the tariff. Therefore, a flexible penalty contract (FPC for voltage security to be used as a direct coordination measure is proposed. In addition, the optimal coordinated management is formulated. Using the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E 69-bus test distribution network, the effectiveness of the coordination was verified by comparison with the current TOU tariff.

  18. 电站EPC总承包的成本管理%Cost Management of EPC Contract for the Electric Power Station

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄锡秋; 陈关荣

    2009-01-01

    水汶电站工程采取EPC总承包方式,总承包单位中标后,通过加强对总成包项目成本的管理和控制,选择合理的成本风险规避措施,实现总承包项目的经济效益最优化.%EPC (Engineering, Procurement and Construction) contract is adopted by Shuiwen Electric Power Station. After EPC contractor (EPCC) won the bid, it can achieve a profitable contract optimization, by strengthening the management and control on the contract execution and adopting the reasonable methods to avoid the cost risks.

  19. Stable occupancy by breeding hawks (Buteo spp.) over 25 years on a privately managed bunchgrass prairie in northeastern Oregon, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Patricia L.; Bartuszevige, Anne M.; Houle, Marcy; Humphrey, Ann B.; Dugger, Katie M.; Williams, John

    2014-01-01

    Potential for large prairie remnants to provide habitat for grassland-obligate wildlife may be compromised by nonsustainable range-management practices. In 1979–1980, high nesting densities of 3 species of hawks in the genus Buteo—Ferruginous Hawk (Buteo regalis), Red-tailed Hawk (B. jamaicensis), and Swainson's Hawk (B. swainsoni)—were documented on the Zumwalt Prairie and surrounding agricultural areas (34,361 ha) in northeastern Oregon, USA. This area has been managed primarily as livestock summer range since it was homesteaded. Unlike in other prairie remnants, land management on the Zumwalt Prairie was consistent over the past several decades; thus, we predicted that territory occupancy of these 3 species would be stable. We also predicted that territory occupancy would be positively related to local availability of nesting structures within territories. We evaluated these hypotheses using a historical dataset, current survey and habitat data, and occupancy models. In support of our predictions, territory occupancy of all 3 species has not changed over the study period of ∼25 yr, which suggests that local range-management practices are not negatively affecting these taxa. Probability of Ferruginous Hawk occupancy increased with increasing area of aspen, an important nest structure for this species in grasslands. Probability of Swainson's Hawk occupancy increased with increasing area of large shrubs, and probability of Red-tailed Hawk occupancy was weakly associated with area of conifers. In the study area, large shrubs and conifers are commonly used as nesting structures by Swainson's Hawks and Red-tailed Hawks, respectively. Availability of these woody species is changing (increases in conifers and large shrubs, and decline in aspen) throughout the west, and these changes may result in declines in Ferruginous Hawk occupancy and increases in Swainson's Hawk and Red-tailed Hawk occupancy in the future.

  20. Effects of food provisioning and habitat management on spatial behaviour of Little Owls during the breeding season

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Lars Bo; Chrenkova, Monika; Sunde, Peter

    2016-01-01

    the nests. In addition to increasing the reproductive output, feeding and habitat management may cause parents to work less hard improving their future reproductive value. We studied working efforts of five radio-tagged Little Owl pairs in years of absence and presence of food provisioning, and/or access...... reproductive output in an endangered raptor, but also to decreased working effort, which in turn may improve adult survival....

  1. 41 CFR 109-27.102-50 - Systems contracting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...-INVENTORY MANAGEMENT 27.1-Stock Replenishment § 109-27.102-50 Systems contracting. Systems contracting may... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Systems contracting. 109-27.102-50 Section 109-27.102-50 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property...

  2. 浅谈合同管理对工程造价的有效管控%Effective Management and Control of Contract Management for Engineering Cost

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈耘可; 张峰

    2013-01-01

      工程造价管理是对建设项目投资实施全过程的管理、控制与监督。工程合同作为工程造价的重要依据,是工程造价控制的基础。合理确定和有效控制工程造价,最大限度的提高投资效益是工程造价的最根本目的。其控制的主要手段,就是根据有效的计价依据,对项目内容和过程进行计价。%Engineering cost management is the whole-process management, control and supervision of investment of construction project. Engineering contracts as an important basis for project cost is the basis for project cost control. Reasonably determinating and effectively controlling project cost, and increasing investment efficiency is the most fundamental goal of project cost. Its primary means of control is based on a valid basis for the valuation and pricing of the project content and process.

  3. Asset management perspective on the duration of public-private partnership contracts: cost-control trade-off?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buiten, van M.; Hartmann, A.

    2015-01-01

    The risk-incentive model of principal-agent relations and its extensions to infrastructural public-private partnerships outline the efficiency implications of parameters such as contract duration. The predominant focus on individual contracts is of limited use for public agencies that need to alloca

  4. 高等教育实施契约管理的路径思考%Thoughts on the Path about Implementing Contract Management of Higher Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马陆亭; 陈浩

    2016-01-01

    契约管理是推动我国高等学校实现面向社会依法自主办学的有效方式。首先,按历史的脉络,从政治、经济两个方面分析契约发展的有关理论。进而以契约理论分析后发现我国高等教育在1998~2014年间,规模发展主要通过行政命令方式实现;质量内涵和制度建设主要通过契约管理完成。最后,以存在问题和未来方向为基础,进一步阐述了推进高等教育契约管理所具有的重要意义,并对实施路径进行了具体的制度设计。%Contract management is an effective way to promote the realization of the higher education institu‐tions running schools according to law .This paper conducts an analysis of the development of contract theory from the political and economic aspects according to the historical context .Using contract theory ,it is found that during the years of 1998 to 2014 , the development scale of higher education is achieved mainly by the means of administrative orders ,and the quality connotation and system construction of higher education are completed mainly by the means of contract management .Based on the existing problems and future directions , this paper further expounds the important significance of promoting the contract management of higher educa‐tion ,and designs the concrete system for the implementing path .

  5. Influence of lactation stage and some flock management practices on sensory characteristics of goat milk from Brazilian Saanen breed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Cássia Ramos do Egypto Queiroga, Rita; Costa, Roberto Germano; Madruga, Marta Suely; de Medeiros, Ariosvaldo Nunes; Dos Santos Garruti, Deborah; Magnani, Marciane; de Souza, Evandro Leite

    2016-04-01

    This study evaluated the influence of lactation stage (early, middle, late) and management practices (milking hygiene and buck presence) on the sensory attributes of Saanen goat milk. Goats were randomly divided in four groups in respect of different milking sanitary procedures and the presence/absence of the buck in the barn. Milk samples were analyzed for sensory attributes including quantitative descriptive analysis (QDA) and acceptance. The milking hygiene practice caused no significant influence on microbiological parameters. Results of QDA revealed that the buck presence increased the characteristic odor of milk at the middle and late lactation stages. The off-odor and off-flavor descriptors showed a distinct response since a higher intensity of these sensory characteristics was noted in the samples obtained from goats maintained without the buck. Odor and flavor contributed most in characterizing the different samples regardless of the management practice and lactation stage. The acceptance of odor showed to be influenced only by the lactation stage, while the acceptance of flavor was only through the presence of the buck. Odor acceptance correlated negatively to off-odor and off-flavor, suggesting that these two sensory attributes impaired the preference for the aroma of the milk samples.

  6. Control of a Reassortant Pandemic 2009 H1N1 Influenza Virus Outbreak in an Intensive Swine Breeding Farm: Effect of Vaccination and Enhanced Farm Management Practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mughini-Gras, Lapo; Beato, Maria Serena; Angeloni, Giorgia; Monne, Isabella; Buniolo, Filippo; Zuliani, Federica; Morini, Matteo; Castellan, Alberto; Bonfanti, Lebana; Marangon, Stefano

    2015-04-13

    Influenza A viruses in swine cause considerable economic losses and raise concerns about their zoonotic potential. The current paucity of thorough empirical assessments of influenza A virus infection levels in swine herds under different control interventions hinders our understanding of their effectiveness. Between 2012 and 2013, recurrent outbreaks of respiratory disease caused by a reassortant pandemic 2009 H1N1 (H1N1pdm) virus were registered in a swine breeding farm in North-East Italy, providing the opportunity to assess an outbreak response plan based on vaccination and enhanced farm management. All sows/gilts were vaccinated with a H1N1pdm-specific vaccine, biosecurity was enhanced, weaning cycles were lengthened, and cross-fostering of piglets was banned. All tested piglets had maternally-derived antibodies at 30 days of age and were detectable in 5.3% of ~90 day-old piglets. There was a significant reduction in H1N1pdm RT-PCR detections after the intervention. Although our study could not fully determine the extent to which the observed trends in seropositivity or RT-PCR positivity among piglets were due to the intervention or to the natural course of the disease in the herd, we provided suggestive evidence that the applied measures were useful in controlling the outbreak, even without an all-in/all-out system, while keeping farm productivity at full.

  7. 电力工程总承包中的风险管理研究%Research on risk management of overall contract for electric power projects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽娟

    2014-01-01

    通过论述加强电力建设工程风险管理的必要性,对工程合同存在的风险、设计风险、政策法律风险、质量风险、财务风险等进行了分析,并提出了合理的管理对策,以有效降低电力总承包中的风险。%According to the necessity for enhancing the risk management of the electric power construction,the paper analyzes the risks in engi-neering contracts,design risk,policy and law risk,quality risk,and financial risk,and points out reasonable management strategies,so as to lower the risks in the overall contract of the electric power projects.

  8. Application of Earned Value Management in Engineering Contracting Project%赢得值管理在工程总承包项目中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄琨

    2012-01-01

    the paper takes the earned value management in engineering contracting project as the object of study. At present, engineering project puts higher demand for schedule, cost control. Using scientific earned value management can organically combine with the project schedule and cost, which is significant to development of contracting project.%本文以工程总承包工程项目中的赢得值管理为研究对象,目前的工程项目对进度、造价控制提出了更高的要求,采用科学的赢得值管理,可以将项目的进度与成本有机地结合起来,对开展总承包项目具有一定的应用意义.

  9. Dynamics of risk management in the regulated contracting environment of the Brazilian electrical sector; Dinamica da gestao de riscos no ambiente de contratacao regulada do setor eletrico brasileiro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Souza, Fabio Cavaliere de

    2008-11-15

    This thesis analyses the dynamics of risk management in the regulated contracting environment of the Brazilian electrical sector. As in the new model the distribution utilities are obliged to ensure energy contracting to supply their whole markets, these companies became exposed to volume risks related to the demand uncertainties. So the new model following similar directives from the first phase developed management tools to mitigate the new risks mentioned above. As in a well structured market it is expected that the risks should be evenly shared or that risk management tools should be provided for all, this work intended to analyze the dynamics of the designed mechanisms and their impacts over the regulated market. In this work the risks of the electricity markets are studied and the management tools devised for the Brazilian market are identified. Finally for understanding the dynamics a thorough analysis of the auctions, of the mechanism for compensation of surplus and deficits and tariffs are carried on. The results show that the management tools were regularly employed by distribution companies, but the risks were merely transferred to the captive customers leading to distortions and asymmetries that conflict with the basis that guided the second phase of the reform. The work proposes remedial actions to mitigate the observed impacts and to provide risk management tools to the captive customer. (author)

  10. Dynamic Management of Mutual Fund Advisory Contracts = Yatırım Fonu Anlaşmalarının Dinamik Yönetimi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaman Ö. ERZURUMLU

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The price of professional portfolio management provided by the mutual fund adviser depends not only on the fund characteristics but also on the fund objective, the adviser's portfolio related and management based decisions, and the portfolio performance. I analyze the advisory fee, using a survivorship bias free data set of 176 equity funds managed by 125 different advisers. Advisers benchmark the objective average but this benefit the shareholders only when the objective trend is descending. Advisers tend to reduce the cost of their marginal product through the use of derivatives or manipulate by engaging in soft dollar agreements. I find that the advisers actively manage the advisory fee contracts responding to the outcome of their management decisions. The advisory fee increases after voluntary fee reimbursement or if the adviser is not fully reimbursed for the compensation of independent directors and officers.

  11. EPC 总承包管理模式在风电项目中的应用%Application of EPC Contracting Management Mode in Wind Power Projects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    As one project management mode, EPC contracting is increasingly applied in various fields.In this paper, application of EPC contracting management mode in the whole process of one wind power project construction is described.It wholly covers design, construc-tion till warranty period.The practice demonstrates that application of EPC contracting management mode is feasible and successful in the wind power project construction .%“EPC总承包”作为一种工程项目管理模式,已在越来越多的行业得到应用。文章阐述了“EPC总承包”项目管理在某风力发电整个工程项目实施过程中的应用,贯穿于工程设计、工程施工直至建成投产保修的全过程。实践证明,“EPC总承包”管理模式在风电工程中的应用是切实可行的、是成功的。

  12. 中国基础设施建设走向国际的合同管理研究%International Infrastructure Contract Management of Chinese Construction Company

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹小琳; 宋阳

    2011-01-01

    With the globalization, reform and opening up of China, the level of Chinese construction is rising up. It is required the construction enterprises of China to prepare international strategy, and contracting the infrastructure construction outside is the important element of internationalization. However, in the progress of Chinese construction enterprises contracting the infrastructure construction overseas, due to its low level of contract management, there are many problems from the stage of signing the contract to the stage of implementation. Taking a project of the construction of a construction company construct 200 schools for boys and girls in Saudi Arabia for example, the article studies the contract management of infrastructure construction and put out suggestions.%随着全球经济一体化的发展和中国改革开放的不断深入,中国工程建设的水平不断提高,新时期对我国建筑企业提出了走向国际化的新的战略要求,而境外基础设施建设工程承包是走向国际化的一项重要内容.但是,在中国建筑企业走向国际化进行境外基础设施建设的过程中,由于合同管理水平不高,从合同的签订到实施均存在一系列问题.以某建筑公司在沙特建造的200所男校女校的工程项目为例,对境外基础设施建设中出现的合同管理问题进行了研究,并提出了对策建议.

  13. Administrative contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vukićević-Petković Milica

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Administrative contracts are a special type of contract where usually one of the contracting parties is a public law body and which is concluded for the performance of public service and the realization of a public interest. They go a long way since its inception to its eventual final acceptance of all the legal systems. One of the enduring characteristics of this type of contract is their disquised or unnoticed existence. This is why only monitoring their development may lead to a complete understanding of the importance and essence of this institution as well as the need for its complete legal regulation.

  14. Electrical contracting

    CERN Document Server

    Neidle, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Electrical Contracting, Second Edition is a nine-chapter text guide for the greater efficiency in planning and completing installations for the design, installation and control of electrical contracts. This book starts with a general overview of the efficient cabling and techniques that must be employed for safe wiring design, as well as the cost estimation of the complete electrical contract. The subsequent chapters are devoted to other electrical contracting requirements, including electronic motor control, lighting, and electricity tariffs. A chapter focuses on the IEE Wiring Regulations an

  15. Indigenous knowledge of animal breeding and breeds

    OpenAIRE

    I. Kohler-Rollefson

    2004-01-01

    Indigenous knowledge of animal breeding (IK-AB) includes concepts and practices used to influence the genetic composition of herds. Indigenous selection is often based on preferences based on physical characteristics, vigor, social and economic insurance. This issue paper summarizes the value of indigenous knowledge and local breeds to achieve agricultural sustainability. Links to IK-AB information are also provided. Available in SANREM office, ES

  16. A Breeding Bird Survey of the West Mountain Wildlife Management Area and the Nulhegan Basin Division of the Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The objectives of this study were to: 1) Create a list of birds occurring in the study area during the breeding season; 2.) Identify species and habitats of...

  17. A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON GROWTH AND PRODUCTION TRAITS OF IMPROVED POULTRY BREEDS UNDER BACKYARD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN SOUTH 24 PARGANAS DISTRICT OF WEST BENGAL, INDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarbaswarup Ghosh

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Four chicken genotypes (Rhode Island Red, Vanaraja, Haringhata Black and Divyayan Red were evaluated for their suitability under backyard farming in South 24 Parganas district of West Bengal, India. The experiment was carried out in a randomized design with seven replications. Body weight gain and adult body weight (2008.3 gm were significantly (P<0.05 higher in Divyayan Red. This breed was also proved to be superior to other three breeds in terms of age at sexual maturity (168 days, egg production (155 numbers and egg weight (55.5 gm. It can be concluded that Divyayan Red breed could be considered for poultry breeding programs in South 24 Parganas district of West Bengal, India.

  18. 基于BLUP计算的山鸡育种分析管理软件开发%Development of a Pheasant Breeding Analysis and Management System Based on BLUP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆雪林; 周洪钧; 高杨; 袁红艳; 赵乐乐; 梁永军

    2015-01-01

    The market of pheasant production has been increasing during the past three decades.However ,the current technology of pheasant breeding can not meet the requirement of growing pheasant market.Especially there has no any software to analyze and manage pheasant breed-ing.Thus ,a system is developed on nature of pheasant growing and breeding under practical requirements.Based on C/S model ,cloud platform and the latest.net ,the system is able to manage all traceable breeding data more safely and efficiently.Meanwhile ,it can highly calculate breeding values and aggregate values on a large quantity using BLUP estimation.Breeding of core pheasant group is on the basis of the aggregate values with pedigree ,siblings and individual as a unit.Then auto-apolegamy can be easily obtained among core pheasant group by their coeffi-cient of genetic relationship ,which will significantly increase the efficiency of breeding.%近30年来 ,我国山鸡市场越来越大 ,生产量也在不断增长 ,但山鸡育种水平与产业发展不相符 ,育种计算方面到目前为止还没有一个比较成熟的育种分析管理软件系统.本系统是根据山鸡生长和繁育特性 ,结合山鸡育种实际设计开发的一款山鸡育种分析管理软件.该软件系统基于C/S架构、利用先进的云平台大数据技术和最新的.net软件技术开发而成 ,实现了安全高效管理育种数据及所有数据信息的可追溯性 ,同时 ,也可完成大量山鸡生产性状育种值及各种综合育种值的最佳线性无偏预测高效计算.利用综合育种值 ,以山鸡家系、同胞和个体为单位 ,进行核心群的继代选留 ,选留后 ,核心群山鸡根据亲缘关系系数进行自动选配 ,大大提高了育种工作效率.

  19. Review: Towards the agroecological management of ruminants, pigs and poultry through the development of sustainable breeding programmes: I-selection goals and criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phocas, F; Belloc, C; Bidanel, J; Delaby, L; Dourmad, J Y; Dumont, B; Ezanno, P; Fortun-Lamothe, L; Foucras, G; Frappat, B; González-García, E; Hazard, D; Larzul, C; Lubac, S; Mignon-Grasteau, S; Moreno, C R; Tixier-Boichard, M; Brochard, M

    2016-11-01

    Agroecology uses natural processes and local resources rather than chemical inputs to ensure production while limiting the environmental footprint of livestock and crop production systems. Selecting to achieve a maximization of target production criteria has long proved detrimental to fitness traits. However, since the 1990s, developments in animal breeding have also focussed on animal robustness by balancing production and functional traits within overall breeding goals. We discuss here how an agroecological perspective should further shift breeding goals towards functional traits rather than production traits. Breeding for robustness aims to promote individual adaptive capacities by considering diverse selection criteria which include reproduction, animal health and welfare, and adaptation to rough feed resources, a warm climate or fluctuating environmental conditions. It requires the consideration of genotype×environment interactions in the prediction of breeding values. Animal performance must be evaluated in low-input systems in order to select those animals that are adapted to limiting conditions, including feed and water availability, climate variations and diseases. Finally, we argue that there is no single agroecological animal type, but animals with a variety of profiles that can meet the expectations of agroecology. The standardization of both animals and breeding conditions indeed appears contradictory to the agroecological paradigm that calls for an adaptation of animals to local opportunities and constraints in weakly artificialized systems tied to their physical environment.

  20. 48 CFR 2446.710 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Performance Specifications or Design Criteria, whenever it is in the Government's interest. ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contract clauses. 2446.710... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Warranties 2446.710 Contract clauses. (c)(1) The contracting...

  1. 48 CFR 970.1504 - Contract pricing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract pricing. 970.1504 Section 970.1504 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY AGENCY SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS Contracting by Negotiation 970.1504 Contract pricing....

  2. Impact of the deployment schedule of fast breeding reactors in the frame of French act for nuclear materials and radioactive waste management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Le Mer, J.; Garzenne, C.; Lemasson, D. [Electricite de France R and D, 1, Avenue du General De Gaulle, 92141 Clamart (France)

    2012-07-01

    In the frame of the French Act of June 28, 2006 on 'a sustainable management of nuclear materials and radioactive waste' EDF R and D assesses various research scenarios of transition between the actual French fleet and a Generation IV fleet with a closed fuel cycle where plutonium is multi-recycled. The basic scenarios simulate a deployment of 60 GWe of Sodium-cooled Fast Reactors (SFRs) in two steps: one third from 2040 to 2050 and the rest from 2080 to 2100 (scenarios 2040). These research scenarios assume that SFR technology will be ready for industrial deployment in 2040. One of the many sensitivity analyses that EDF, as a nuclear power plant operator, must evaluate is the impact of a delay of SFR technology in terms of uranium consumptions, plutonium needs and fuel cycle utilities gauging. The sensitivity scenarios use the same assumptions as scenarios 2040 but they simulate a different transition phase: SFRs are deployed in one step between 2080 and 2110 (scenarios 2080). As the French Act states to conduct research on minor actinides (MA) management, we studied different options for 2040 and 2080 scenarios: no MA transmutation, americium transmutation in heterogeneous mode based on americium Bearing Blankets (AmBB) in SFRs and all MA transmutation in heterogeneous mode based on MA Bearing Blankets (MABB). Moreover, we studied multiple parameters that could impact the deployment of these reactors (SFR load factor, increase of the use of MOX in Light Water Reactors, increase of the cooling time in spent nuclear fuel storage...). Each scenario has been computed with the EDF R and D fuel cycle simulation code TIRELIRE-STRATEGIE and optimized to meet various fuel cycle constraints such as using the reprocessing facility with long period of constant capacity, keeping the temporary stored mass of plutonium and MA under imposed limits, recycling older assemblies first... These research scenarios show that the transition from the current PWR fleet to an

  3. EPC总承包模式下项目风险管理研究%Study on project risk management under EPC general contracting mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾其威

    2012-01-01

    EPC(设计-采购-施工)合同模式是近年来国内逐渐推行的建设管理模式,该模式下经济风险一般都要求由总承包企业承担,其对风险防范能力的强弱成为项目赢利多少的关键。文章简要介绍EPC项目的风险因素以及可能产生的风险损失,并提出工程总承包项目风险防范的相关措施。%EPC(Design-Procurement-Construction) contract model is the promoting gradually construction management mode at domestic in recent years.General contract enterprises should take all responsibilities under the construction management mode,and the ability of risk prevention is the key to profitability of the project.This paper briefly introduces that the risk factors of EPC project and possible risk losses,and put forward the measures of risk prevention of general contracted project.

  4. Fuzzy contractibility

    OpenAIRE

    GÜNER, Erdal

    2007-01-01

    Abstract. In this paper, .rstly some fundamental concepts are included re- lating to fuzzy topological spaces. Secondly, the fuzzy connected set is intro- duced. Finally, de.ning fuzzy contractible space, it is shown that X is a fuzzy contractible space if and only if X is fuzzy homotopic equivalent with a fuzzy single-point space.

  5. Discussion on Localized Management of International Contract Projects%国际工程承包属地化管理探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王明毅; 熊高峡

    2014-01-01

    Localized management is of great importance for international contract projects .Current status and difficulties in the localized management of international contract projects of Chinese construction corporations are discussed .The gap in localized management between the construction corporations from China and developed countries are analyzed .Some important concepts and strategies to implement localized management are proposed through the analysis of their useful ex -periences.%基于国际工程承包属地化管理的必要性,探讨我国建筑企业在国际工程属地化管理中的现状和面临的困难,分析我国与发达国家建筑企业国际工程属地化管理的差距,通过借鉴国际工程有益的属地化管理经验,提出建立国际工程承包属地化管理的主要思路及策略。

  6. Genomic dairy cattle breeding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mark, Thomas; Sandøe, Peter

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to discuss the potential consequences of modern dairy cattle breeding for the welfare of dairy cows. The paper focuses on so-called genomic selection, which deploys thousands of genetic markers to estimate breeding values. The discussion should help to structure...... the thoughts of breeders and other stakeholders on how to best make use of genomic breeding in the future. Intensive breeding has played a major role in securing dramatic increases in milk yield since the Second World War. Until recently, the main focus in dairy cattle breeding was on production traits......, unfavourable genetic trends for metabolic, reproductive, claw and leg diseases indicate that these attempts have been insufficient. Today, novel genome-wide sequencing techniques are revolutionising dairy cattle breeding; these enable genetic changes to occur at least twice as rapidly as previously. While...

  7. Genomic dairy cattle breeding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mark, Thomas; Sandøe, Peter

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to discuss the potential consequences of modern dairy cattle breeding for the welfare of dairy cows. The paper focuses on so-called genomic selection, which deploys thousands of genetic markers to estimate breeding values. The discussion should help to structure...... the thoughts of breeders and other stakeholders on how to best make use of genomic breeding in the future. Intensive breeding has played a major role in securing dramatic increases in milk yield since the Second World War. Until recently, the main focus in dairy cattle breeding was on production traits......, unfavourable genetic trends for metabolic, reproductive, claw and leg diseases indicate that these attempts have been insufficient. Today, novel genome-wide sequencing techniques are revolutionising dairy cattle breeding; these enable genetic changes to occur at least twice as rapidly as previously. While...

  8. Capsule contraction syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mesut COŞKUN

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Capsule contraction syndrome occurs after fibrous metaplasia of lens proteins that leads to capsular bag contraction. Excessive front capsular wrinkling is seen in capsule contraction syndrome and there is an imbalance between powers supplying capsular integrity. This situation leads to zonular weakness. Capsule contraction syndrome is associated with pseudoexfoliation, older age, uveitis, pars planitis and myotonic muscular dystrophy. In order to decrease the risk of capsule contraction syndrome, front capsulerhexis area should be open as 5.5-6 mm diameter and a curysoft intraocular lens should be used. In order to prevent lens epithelial proliferation and metaplasia, lens epithelial cells at inferior surface of front capsule should be aspirated carefully. If postoperative capsular contraction detected, front capsulotomy should be performed by Nd-YAG laser at postoperative 2 to 3 weeks. In patients that Nd-YAG laser is unsuccessful, capsular tension should be decreased by surgical microincisions. In present study, we evaluated etiology, prevention and management of capsule contraction syndrome in the light of actual literature knowledge.

  9. 基于心理契约违背的读者抱怨管理%Readers’Complaint Management Based on Violation of Psychological Contract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张亚宏

    2015-01-01

    在图书馆管理服务中,图书馆与读者存在着心理契约关系。读者不满与抱怨是读者心理契约破坏与违背的直接结果。读者抱怨是一个动态过程,它可能产生于读者使用图书馆的整个过程,也可能产生于使用图书馆结束后。读者抱怨管理是一个复杂的管理系统。要做好读者抱怨管理工作,就要层层把关,既做好抱怨形成前的预判工作,也要做好事中的调解工作和事后补救工作,降低读者心理契约破坏与违背机率。%In the service of library management,there exists the relationship of psychological contract between the library and the readers.In fact,readers’dissatisfaction and complaint are a direct result which may come from the breakage and violation of readers’psychologicl contract.The formation of readers’complaint is a complicated dynamic process,which may arise from the reader’s use of the li-brary’s entire process,and it may be produced in the end of the service.Readers complain that man-agement is a complex management system.To improve the reader complaints management work, which completes the complain that formed before the pre judgment,also want to do Hoston the medi-ation work and remedial work,reduce the reader’s psychological contract breach and violation proba-bility.

  10. 多智能体的设备采购合同管理系统建模与设计%Using Swarm Model to Analyze and Design Multi-Agent Based Equipment Purchasing Contract Management System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玮; 徐一帆

    2012-01-01

    从现代设备采购合同管理的概念出发,首先介绍了设备采购合同管理所面临的新的挑战,然后提出了基于多智能体的设备采购合同管理系统模型.多智能体系统和设备采购合同管理系统都是非常复杂的.为了降低开发基于多智能体设备采购合同管理系统的难度,采用SWARM建模方法,分析和设计了一个简化的设备采购合同管理系统.%Based on the concept of modern equipment purchasing contract management, we first introduce the new challenge to equipment purchasing contract management, and then present a new equipment purchasing contract management framework based on multi-agent theory. Since multi-agent system and equipment purchasing contract management system are both very complex, we use swarm model to analyze and design a simplified equipment purchasing contract management system in order to reduce the difficulty of developing the multi-agent based equipment purchasing contract management system.

  11. 75 FR 2463 - Continuing Contract for Civil Works Project Managed by the United States Army Corps of Engineers...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-15

    ... line of the message. Mail: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Attn: CECT-P (Robin A. Baldwin), 441 G Street... copy form. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Robin A. Baldwin, Headquarters U.S. Army Corps of... language and is designed to give USACE officials options for funding contracts spanning more than...

  12. 48 CFR 1842.7202 - Contract clause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contract clause. 1842.7202 Section 1842.7202 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION AND AUDIT SERVICES NASA Contractor Financial Management...

  13. Utility Energy Services Contracts: Enabling Documents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thomas, Karen; Vasquez, Deb

    2017-01-01

    The Federal Energy Management Program's 'Utility Energy Service Contracts: Enabling Documents' provide legislative information and materials that clarify the authority for federal agencies to enter into utility energy service contracts, or UESCs.

  14. 48 CFR 246.710 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Warranties 246.710 Contract clauses. (1) Use a... Construction (Germany), instead of the clause at FAR 52.246-21, Warranty of Construction, in solicitations and... Germany....

  15. Implementation in breeding programmes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coffey, M.P.; McParland, S.; Bastin, C.; Wall, E.; Berry, D.P.; Veerkamp, R.F.

    2013-01-01

    Genetic improvement is easy when selecting for one heritable and well-recorded trait at a time. Many industrialised national dairy herds have overall breeding indices that incorporate a range of traits balanced by their known or estimated economic value. Future breeding goals will contain more non-p

  16. Implementation in breeding programmes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coffey, M.P.; McParland, S.; Bastin, C.; Wall, E.; Berry, D.P.; Veerkamp, R.F.

    2013-01-01

    Genetic improvement is easy when selecting for one heritable and well-recorded trait at a time. Many industrialised national dairy herds have overall breeding indices that incorporate a range of traits balanced by their known or estimated economic value. Future breeding goals will contain more non-p

  17. PROPOSAL OF THE SOCIAL CONTRACT IN MANAGEMENT AS INSTRUMENT OF ANALYSIS FOR THE EMPLOYMENT RELATION. THE EXPERIENCE OF AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muresanu Doina

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The communication presents the partial results of a research proposing the social contract as a new instrument of analysis for the employment relation in a social context in change, such as the case of Rumania. Until then, the research which aimed at the employment relation which is formed between the employer and the employees widely appealed to the concept of psychological contract (Rousseau, 1989; 1995. The psychological contract, defined as the perception of the mutual obligations assumed by the employee and by the employer, benefited from a fashion effect in the 1990s, when the economic difficulties questioned the model of classic employment relation based on loyalty. However, most of the empirical works on the psychological contract are static studies, for the greater part elaborated by questionnaire, which do not allow to define the impact of the social context change on the evolution of the employment relation. Although certain studies are interested in a context of change (Dick, 2010, most of the past works describe the contents and the evaluation of the psychological contract in an unchanging social environment. Yet, we saw it in the case of the ex-communist countries or those of the Northern Africa, the change in the environment of the employment relation is more present than ever. Our communication proposes a research frame which would be more suited to the understanding of the employment relation in a society in change. To do it, we rely on the social contract in management, which we define as the ensemble of the norms and of the tacit laws existing in a society or a group given with regard to the relation of employment. The approach by the social contract presents the advantage of including multiple elements bound to a societal context, such as the laws, the national culture, the faiths shared by the business environment, etc. (Rousseau, 1995. It offers a new frame of analysis for the employment relation by suggesting that it is

  18. Thoughts on Contract Risk Management in Cost Management and Control of Real Estate Enterprises%房地产企业合同风险管理在成本管控中的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶安华

    2012-01-01

    本文探讨房地产企业合同管理的现状,分析目前房地产企业合同管理的存在风险及成因,提出具有针对性的防范和控制措施,以降低房地产企业经营风险,提高企业经济效益.%This paper discusses the present situation of contract management of the real estate enterprises, analyzes risk and causes of contract management of real estate enterprises, and puts forward some corresponding preventing and controlling measures to reduce the business risks of real estate enterprises and economic efficiency.

  19. Managing the efficiency of foreign engineering contracts: A study of a Norwegian and South Korean project interface

    OpenAIRE

    Ahn, Byungmu

    2015-01-01

    Oil & gas exploration and production industry in North Sea has greatly been challenged over the last decade with increasing cost profiles. This condition, together with relatively low oil price has begun to squeeze the commercial margins of a large number of assets. Foreign engineering contracts have become a common trend in this context seeking significant cost advantage during the engineering phase of major offshore production assets. However, this popular strategy has been met with serious...

  20. Army Corps of Engineers. Recent Changes Have Reduced the Use of Continuing Contracts, but Management Processes Need to Be Improved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    that were awarded during the 2-year time frame but were missing from the Corps’ quarterly reports by querying the Corps’ Primavera database.3 We did...not assess the reliability of the Primavera database, but we verified information from that... Primavera has an optional field to track continuing contracts that was added to the database in early 2007. Page 17 GAO-09-552 Army Corps of Engineers

  1. Farmer management of gene flow: The impact of gender and breeding system on genetic diversity and crop improvement in The Gambia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nuijten, H.A.C.P.

    2005-01-01

    In many tropical countries we can distinguish two seed systems: a formal seed system (comprising breeding companies and national institutes) and an informal seed system, often called farmer seed system (comprising of all farmer activities related to the transfer of seeds). These two systems are inte

  2. Contract Renewal Information - all Contracts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — Multifamily Portfolio datasets (section 8 contracts) - The information has been compiled from multiple data sources within FHA or its contractors. HUD oversees more...

  3. Trust, contract and relationship development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klein Woolthuis, R.J.A.; Hillebrand, B.; Nooteboom, B.

    2005-01-01

    This article contributes to the debate on the relation between trust and control in the management of inter-organizational relations. More specifically, we focus on the question how trust and formal contract are related. While there have been studies on whether trust and contract are substitutes or

  4. Trust, contract and relationship development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klein Woolthuis, R.J.A.; Hillebrand, B.; Nooteboom, B.

    2005-01-01

    This article contributes to the debate on the relation between trust and control in the management of inter-organizational relations. More specifically, we focus on the question how trust and formal contract are related. While there have been studies on whether trust and contract are substitutes or

  5. Contract theory and EU Contract Law

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between contract theory and European contract law. In particular, it confronts the leading contract law theories with the main characteristics of EU contract law. The conclusion is that the two do not match well. In particular, monist normative contract theories are largely irreconcilable with the contract law of the EU. The paper further addresses the main implications of this mismatch, both for contract theory and for EU contract law. It suggests that in...

  6. 谈电力工程 EPC 总承包项目风险管理%Discussion on EPC general contracting project risk management of power engineering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李勇

    2015-01-01

    The paper explores the importance of EPC general contracting project risk management of power engineering,analyzes its risk factors identification methods,and puts forward effective risk management measures,with a view to guarantee power engineering construction smooth.%探讨了电力工程EPC总承包项目风险管理的重要性,分析了EPC总承包项目风险因素的识别方法,并且提出了EPC总承包项目风险的有效管理措施,以保证电力工程建设工作的顺利进行。

  7. PRINCIPLES OF ANIMAL BREEDING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonja Jovanovac

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available University textbook Principles of Animal Breeding is intended for students of agriculture and veterinary medicine. The material is the adapted curricula of undergraduate and graduate level studies in the framework of which the modules Principles of animal breeding as well as Basics of genetics and selection of animals attended are listened. The textbook contains 14 chapters and a glossary of terms. Its concept enables combining fundamental and modern knowledge in the breeding and selection of animals based on balanced and quality manner. The textbook material can be divided into several thematic sections. The first one relates to the classical notions of domestic animals breeding such as the history of breeding, domestication, breed, hereditary and non-hereditary variability and description of general and production traits. The second section focuses on the basic concepts in population and quantitative genetics, as well as biometrics. The third unit is dedicated to the principles of selection and domestic animals improving. The fourth unit relates to the current concepts and objectives of the molecular markers use in domestic animals selection and breeding. The above material has been submitted to the Croatian universities, but so far it has not been published as a textbook. The Ministry of Science, Education and Sports of Republic of Croatia approved financial support for the textbook publication.

  8. 强化合同内涵管理,积极化解施工企业风险%Strengthening Contract Content Management,Actively Resolving the Enterprise Risk

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘荣素

    2011-01-01

    近年来,由于市场竞争的激烈,施工企业大多注意经营承揽任务,忽视了对合同的动态管理,造成施工企业的利益流失,强化合同内涵管理旨在通过涉及合同运行的生产要素的把控,达到提高管理水平,积极化解施工企业风险的目的.%In recent years, due to fierce market competition, construction companies mostly pay attention to contract management tasks, and ignore the dynamic management of contracts, resulting in the interests loss of construction companies. Content management is to control the production factors that involved in the contract operation, so as to improve the management level and actively resolve enterprise risk.

  9. 农地承包经营权条件下的流转合约控制能力与社群关系%Transfer of Contract, Controlling Ability and Social Relationship on the Condition of Rural Land Contract Management Right

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊云波; 唐清利

    2012-01-01

    According to a dialogue with the theory of "social contract", and contrast four different kinds contracts of contracting management right about agricultural land, the authors propose a analysis framework of "relations embedded contract", and explains the logic of the contract formation and execution. In the constraints of interest structure, agreed people structure, control ability etc, the community relations in village domain produced different degree of embedded effect to the contract. If the social relations can effectively embedded, contract parties will take reducing contract specification, conceding contract interests, tolerating the noncompliance or tort etc, to establish, exchange and maintain a cooperation and trust relationships that outside the formal contract.%通过与“社会性合约”理论的对话,对比四个不同性质的农业用地经营权流转合约,提出一个“关系嵌入合约”的分析框架,并解释农地承包经营权流转合约的形成与执行逻辑。在利益结构、约定人结构和控制能力等因素的约束下,村域中的社群关系对合约发生了不同程度的嵌入效应。如果社群关系能够有效嵌入,合约方就会采取降低合约规范性、让渡合约内利益、容忍违约行为或侵权行为等方式,建立、换取和维护正式合约外的合作与信任关系。

  10. 48 CFR 1342.202 - Assignment of contract administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Assignment of contract administration. 1342.202 Section 1342.202 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION Contract Administration Services 1342.202 Assignment of contract...

  11. 48 CFR 46.202 - Types of contract quality requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Quality Requirements 46.202 Types of contract quality requirements. Contract quality requirements fall into four general categories, depending on the extent of... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Types of contract quality...

  12. The Role of Career-Self-Management in Determining Employees’Perceptions and Evaluations of their Psychological Contract and their Esteemed Value of Career Activities Offered by the Organization

    OpenAIRE

    V. DE SCHAMPHELAERE; Vos, A; D. BUYENS

    2004-01-01

    The development of a career is subject to an interaction and exchange process between employer and employee. In addition, the changing nature and meaning of a career in today’s competitive labor market has stimulated researchers to relate this with the psychological contract theory (e.g. Herriot, 1998; Sparrow & Cooper, 1998). However, the research domain of career self-management and the potential influence on the perception and evaluation of the psychological contract and on career activiti...

  13. Delegated Contracting and Corporate Hierarchies

    OpenAIRE

    Choe, Chongwoo; Park, In-Uck

    2004-01-01

    In a typical corporate hierarchy, the manager is delegated the authority to make decisions that set directions for the organization, employ subordinates and contract with external suppliers. This paper explains when such delegation of authority can be optimal, using a model of a firm with three parties: the principal, the manager and the worker. In centralization with two two-tier hierarchies, the principal designs contracts for both agents. In delegation with a three-tier hierarchy, the prin...

  14. Birds - Breeding [ds60

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — This data set provides access to information gathered on annual breeding bird surveys in California using a map layer developed by the Department. This data layer...

  15. Waterfowl breeding population survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Waterfowl breeding population surveys have been completed annually on the Arctic Coastal Plain of Alaska since 1986. Methods for the 2011 Arctic Coastal Plain...

  16. Waterfowl breeding population survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Waterfowl breeding population surveys have been completed annually on the Arctic Coastal Plain of Alaska since 1986. Methods for the 2010 Arctic Coastal Plain...

  17. Garlic breeding system innovations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zheng, S.J.; Kamenetsky, R.; Féréol, L.; Barandiaran, X.; Rabinowitch, H.D.; Chovelon, V.; Kik, C.

    2007-01-01

    This review outlines innovative methods for garlic breeding improvement and discusses the techniques used to increase variation like mutagenesis and in vitro techniques, as well as the current developments in florogenesis, sexual hybridization, genetic transformation and mass propagation. Sexual ste

  18. Contracting and Performance in Agencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørnholt, Bente; Houlberg Salomonsen, Heidi; Rennison, Betina Wolfgang

    , documentary and interview data. To measure the degree of performance as the degree of goal attainment, all agency contracts for 2008 as well as the subsequent ‘enterprise accounts’ defining the goal attainment have been collected. There were 62 agencies in 2008, 58 of which had a contract. Goal attainment...... is measured by linking each performance demand in each contract to the corresponding assessment in the enterprise accounts of whether the demand has been fulfilled, partly fulfilled or not fulfilled. The data on the experience of the contracting process were collected as the agency heads’ subjective......As part of New Public Management (NPM), contracting represents a supplement to the traditional hierarchical and rule-based managing of relations between actors in order to improve performance (Fortin and van Hassel 2000; Greve and Ejersbo 2002; Drewry et al. 2005; Verhoest 2005). To various degrees...

  19. Tritium management and anti-permeation strategies for three different breeding blanket options foreseen for the European Power Plant Physics and Technology Demonstration reactor study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Demange, D., E-mail: david.demange@kit.edu [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Technical Physics, Tritium Laboratory Karlsruhe, Herrmann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, D-76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Boccaccini, L.V.; Franza, F. [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Neutron Physics and Reactor Technology, Herrmann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, D-76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Santucci, A.; Tosti, S. [Associazione ENEA-Euratom sulla Fusione, C.R. ENEA Frascati, Via E. Fermi 45, 00044 Frascati (RM) (Italy); Wagner, R. [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Technical Physics, Tritium Laboratory Karlsruhe, Herrmann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, D-76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany)

    2014-10-15

    In DT fusion reactors like DEMO, the commonly accepted tritium (T) losses through the steam generator (SG) shall not exceed about 2 mg/d that are more than 5 orders of magnitude lower than the T production rate of about 360 g/d in the breeding blanket (BB). A very effective mitigation strategy is required balancing the size and efficiency of the processes in the breeding and cooling loops, and the availability and efficiency of anti-permeation barriers. A numerical study is presented using the T permeation code FUS-TPC that computes all T flows and inventories considering the design and operation of the BB, the SG, and the T systems. Many scenarios are numerically analyzed for three breeding blankets concepts – helium cooled pebbles bed (HCPB), helium cooled lithium lead (HCLL), and water cooled lithium lead (WCLL) – varying the T processes throughput and efficiency, and the permeation regimes through the BB and SG to be either surface-limited or diffusion-limited with possible permeation reduction factor. For each BB concept, we discuss workable operation scenarios and suggest specific anti-permeation strategies.

  20. 浅谈加强我国石油建筑企业的合同管理%Discussion on Strengthening Contract Management of China's Petroleum and Construction Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘储

    2012-01-01

    The market economy is both contract economy and rule of law economy, and the contract is a legal form of the exchange of commodities. The contract links to the enterprises' economic exchanges. Effectively doing a good job on contract management is an important magic weapon for the success of enterprises. Therefore, the role of contract management in the enterprise is of vital importance. The paper mainly discusses contract management of petroleum and construction enterprises.%市场经济既是契约经济也是法治经济,合同是商品交换的法律表现形式.合同联系着企业的经济往来.有效做好合同管理,是企业取得成功的一个重要法宝.由此可知,合同管理在企业中的作用至关重要.本文主要对石油建筑企业的合同管理进行了探讨.

  1. Research on Management of BOO Project Contract System Based on Full Life Cycle%基于全寿命周期的BOO项目合同体系管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘华丽; 方俊; 龚越

    2016-01-01

    This paper establishes the BOO project contract system based on full life cycle by analyzing the contract’s type,the contract signing stage and the relationship of principal-agent among stakeholders in the project. On this basis,establishes the management information base for BOO project contract system, dynamically tracks and manages the BOO contract system based on full life cycle with the help of the software of contract information management,which is aimed to coordinate the relationship among the contracts and achieve the win-win situation of the BOO project.%从合同签订阶段、合同类别及项目利益相关者间的委托代理关系三个角度展开分析,构建基于全寿命周期的BOO项目合同体系。在此基础上,构建BOO合同体系管理信息库,通过借助合同信息管理软件对基于全寿命周期的BOO合同体系进行动态跟踪管理,旨在协调各合同间的传导关系,实现BOO项目的多赢。

  2. PRINCIPLES OF ANIMAL BREEDING

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    University textbook Principles of Animal Breeding is intended for students of agriculture and veterinary medicine. The material is the adapted curricula of undergraduate and graduate level studies in the framework of which the modules Principles of animal breeding as well as Basics of genetics and selection of animals attended are listened. The textbook contains 14 chapters and a glossary of terms. Its concept enables combining fundamental and modern knowledge in the ...

  3. 村域土地承包经营权流转价格研究%Transferring Price of Land Contract and Management Rights at Village Levels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    穆松林; 张义丰; 高建华; 刘春腊

    2011-01-01

    Agriculture, countryside, and peasant problems have been three challenges China is being faced with.The fundamental measure of resolving these issues is developing rural productivity.The land use policy reform is the major method of solving these problems.The Communist Party of China and the government permit the transfer of land contract and management rights in various forms and develop a variety of forms for appropriate large-scale operation.Land contract and management rights are usufructuary rights from agricultural land,which exist in economy, society, and the environment through transfer market allocation.The current price evaluation system lacks a systematic and reasonable price assessment of transferring land contract and management rights.This drawback has weakened market resources allocation,slowed down the market allocation of land resources, and hindered optimal land resources allocation.Smooth transferring land contract and management rights necessitates a scientific and systematic assessment system of the price.Based on principles of agricultural land value in constitution and land use rights assessment of the basic approach and characteristic correction of land contract and management rights, the authors built a transferring pricing model, and applied it to Xiwan village that is typical agricultural areas in China.Results show that transferring price of land contract and management rights should involve economic price, social price, and corrected price.The three prices were calculated using different methods.Empirical analysis shows that the transferring price calculated by the model appears reasonable and affordable by the outflow side.The use of the price model should account for the distinction between theory and practical application if there is no change in management projects, i.e., agricultural management projects remain invariant, continuing to grow food crops; the transferring price is therefore the sum of economic price and social security

  4. Agile Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pries-Heje, Jan; Pries-Heje, Lene

    2014-01-01

    with “endless” re-negotiation of the requirements; you need a more flexible way to develop IS. A new way of coping with many changes is to use an agile development approach and a fixed budget and resources contract. This paper presents an example case. We analyse the case and design a guideline for how...

  5. Contract delay: what is it and how are we performing?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Finnie

    2012-02-01

    Research results about the level of contractor’s time management skills were analysed to determine the related impact on their ability to manage contract delays. A comparison was made between three conditions of contracts used in New Zealand to determine how delay management should be managed with a discussion about how the different contract conditions distribute risk among the parties. Recommendations were made to improve contract conditions, up-skill industry practitioners and ensure student graduates have adequate delay management skills.

  6. Wild Animal Breeding Exhibition Management Requires Improvement of Measures for Human Safety%野生动物饲养展出管理要求提高人的安全行为能力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴其锐

    2011-01-01

    People are occasionally injured by animals in zoos or wild animal farms in China and abroad during the animal breeding process.Personnel in wild animal breeding exhibitions are at great risk of injury.We analyzed incidents in which people were injured by animals at zoos or wild animal farms in China and abroad.We found that people were not only the victims of animal attacks but also the caused many incidents.Cause of incidents such as defective facilities,presence of dangerous animals, and human negligence were all attributed to careless human actions.In this paper,we point out the need of improving safety measures as a priority for wild animal breeding exhibition management.We recommend measures including accident risk prediction,improved capacity for safe management of breeding,and improved capacity for crisis management.%无论在国内还是国外,动物园或野生动物养殖场在生产过程中,动物伤人等事故都时有发生。相比较而言,野生动物饲养展出业是一种面临着较大危险源的职业。本文通过对国内外动物园或野生动物养殖场发生的一些动物伤人事故案例进行分析研究后,发现在许多事故中,人往往既是事故的受害者,同时又是事故的肇事者,无论是因为设施的缺陷,还是因为动物处于危险状态,还是因为人的疏忽,都是由于人的不安全行为激发了事故隐患,导致了事故的发生。本文认为,提高人的安全行为能力,是野生动物饲养与展出安全管理的重要工作。人的安全行为能力,包括对事故发生的预见性行为能力,对安全生产的掌控性行为能力和对危机的应对性行为能力。

  7. The role of psychological contract on employee commitment and organisational citizenship behaviour: A study of Indonesian young entrepreneurs in management action

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ade I. Anggraeni

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: This study aims to analyse the entrepreneurship-driven reasons and characteristics of employee management of the young generation, by analysing the role of psychological contract on employee commitment and organisational citizenship behaviour in the light of the characteristics of the millennial generation as the owners of small and medium-sized enterprises.Research purpose: The main objective of this study was to empirically analyse the effect of the psychological contract and organisational support on the organisational commitment and organisational citizenship behaviour of the employees of small-scale enterprises run by young entrepreneurs, especially in the cohort generation.Motivation for the study: This study attempts to analyse the characteristics of the millennial generation as the owners of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs in running the business by examining their managerial characteristics in managing workplace relationship that aims to achieve the stakeholder expectations and improve both commitment and organisational citizenship behaviour of employees.Research design, approach and method: Data were collected in the SMEs owned by young entrepreneurs in a city in Indonesia involving 150 respondents. The research model was tested using Structural Equation Modelling with analysis of moment structure (AMOS.Main findings: The results showed that the employee citizenship behaviour is influenced by the organisational commitment. The commitment of employees was formed by the ability of business owners to understand the needs and expectations of employees regarding opportunities of self-development, pleasant working environment, the benefit as the workload and the work challenge.Practical and managerial implications: This study implies the need for academic institutions and policy makers to get involved in addressing the rising phenomenon of entrepreneurship among the young generation.Contribution and added-value: This

  8. 41 CFR 105-72.508 - Contract provisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... instances in which a contractor violates or breaches the contract terms, and provide for such remedial... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Contract provisions. 105-72.508 Section 105-72.508 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property...

  9. Tourism in Cold Water Islands: A Matter of Contract? Experiences from Destination Management in the Polar North

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Per Åke Nilsson

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Lack of local understanding and low preparedness for tourism characterise many remote communities of the Polar North, thus undermining positive attitudes towards tourism even if tourism is seen as a development force. The relatively new interest in Arctic regions as a tourist destination combined with different exogenous forces like globalization and climate change make the situation even more complex. The peripheral and insular location often renders cruise tourism as the only option. Under these circumstances, the readiness to accept tourism as a development tool varies from destination to destination, ranging from being seen as a passport to development to a threat to local culture and traditional life. In order to bridge these perception gaps, the idea of a mental or written contract between tourists and local residents is discussed.

  10. 浅谈电力工程总承包项目基础工作的管理与控制%Management and Control of Power Engineering General Contracting Project Foundation Work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈红军; 高阳

    2012-01-01

    This paper discussed the advantages and development of power system engineering general contracting project management, analyzed the points and content of project management of general contracting, and made the scientific outlook on the engineering general contracting of project management.%文章对电力系统工程总承包项目实施管理的优势和未来市场发展前景进行论述,对工程总承包关于项目管理的要点及内容具体分析,对电力系统工程总承包的科学建设模式展望.

  11. Research on the hotel human resources management based on psychological contract%基于心理契约的饭店人力资源管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余瑶

    2011-01-01

    Psychological contract has been introduced into the hotel industry. Based on the respective obligations and psycho- logical perceptions of the hotel and its staff, the psychological contact influences not only the attitudes and behaviors of the hotel and its employees, but also the employees' performances and the hotel's competitiveness. Abiding by the psychological contract theory, this paper puts forward the strategies for hotel human resources management.%饭店业引入心理契约,以饭店与员工双方对于各自承担的义务以及应负责任的心理感知为基础,影响着饭店与员工的态度和行为。最终表现为对员工绩效及饭店竞争力的影响。本文以心理契约理论为依据.提出了饭店人力资源管理的策略。

  12. 电力工程总承包风险管理研究%Risk management on electric power project general contracting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周玕

    2013-01-01

      The mode of electric power engineering general contracting is a risky business for all kinds of risk throughout the project. Recognizing and controlling risk timely which improves the ability to resist risks dramatically decides the institute and its subordinate whether can remain invincible in the fierce competition. This paper illustrates all kinds of risks and effective measures on risk-controlling during general contracting projects, aiming at building an overall and systematic mechanism on risk management.%  电力工程总承包是一项充满风险的事业,各种风险贯穿于项目的全过程。能否及时识别并控制风险,提高企业抗风险能力,在很大程度上将决定电力工程总承包企业能否在激烈的市场竞争中立于不败之地。文章阐明电力工程总承包项目可能产生的风险,并提出风险控制措施,力求实现风险控制机制建设的全面性及系统性。

  13. Human Resource Management in International Engineering Contracting Projects%国际工程承包项目中的人力资源管理探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝拥军

    2015-01-01

    在新的历史阶段,我国根据国内外发展形势提出了“走出去”战略。国际工程承包是一种高级的劳务合作方式,但是,欧美等发达国家主导国际工程承包市场的现状,为国内参与国际工程承包的企业带来了重重困难。本文对国际工程承包项目中人力资源管理存在的问题及应采取的措施进行探讨。%In the new historical period, China puts forward "go global" strategy according to the situation at home and abroad. As the advanced labor cooperation mode, international engineering contracting is commonly adopt-ed by enterprises participating in the overseas market. But because the market is dominated by Europe and America, Chinese enterprises have encountered numerous difficulties. This paper explores the existing problems and available measures of human resources management in the international engineering contracting projects.

  14. Contract theory and EU Contract Law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hesselink, M.W.; Twigg-Flesner, C.

    2016-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between contract theory and European contract law. In particular, it confronts the leading contract law theories with the main characteristics of EU contract law. The conclusion is that the two do not match well. In particular, monist normative contract theories

  15. Contract theory and EU Contract Law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hesselink, M.W.; Twigg-Flesner, C.

    2016-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between contract theory and European contract law. In particular, it confronts the leading contract law theories with the main characteristics of EU contract law. The conclusion is that the two do not match well. In particular, monist normative contract theories

  16. Strategies for selecting and breeding EAB-resistant ash

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jennifer L. Koch; Kathleen Knight; Therese Poland; David W. Carey; Daniel A. Herms; Mary E. Mason

    2011-01-01

    Breeding for pest resistance in forest trees is a proven approach for managing both native and nonnative insects and diseases. A recent study by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations reports 255 forest tree breeding programs for insect or disease resistance in 33 diff erent countries (http://www.fao.org/forestry/26445/en/). Advantages to...

  17. Resistance Genes in Global Crop Breeding Networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrett, K A; Andersen, K F; Asche, F; Bowden, R L; Forbes, G A; Kulakow, P A; Zhou, B

    2017-08-31

    Resistance genes are a major tool for managing crop diseases. The networks of crop breeders who exchange resistance genes and deploy them in varieties help to determine the global landscape of resistance and epidemics, an important system for maintaining food security. These networks function as a complex adaptive system, with associated strengths and vulnerabilities, and implications for policies to support resistance gene deployment strategies. Extensions of epidemic network analysis can be used to evaluate the multilayer agricultural networks that support and influence crop breeding networks. Here, we evaluate the general structure of crop breeding networks for cassava, potato, rice, and wheat. All four are clustered due to phytosanitary and intellectual property regulations, and linked through CGIAR hubs. Cassava networks primarily include public breeding groups, whereas others are more mixed. These systems must adapt to global change in climate and land use, the emergence of new diseases, and disruptive breeding technologies. Research priorities to support policy include how best to maintain both diversity and redundancy in the roles played by individual crop breeding groups (public versus private and global versus local), and how best to manage connectivity to optimize resistance gene deployment while avoiding risks to the useful life of resistance genes. [Formula: see text] Copyright © 2017 The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY 4.0 International license .

  18. 九龙山红树林国家湿地公园人工养殖与社区管理模式%Study on Artificial Breeding and Community Management Mode of Jiulongshan Mangrove National Wetland Park

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁曾飞

    2014-01-01

    阐述当前九龙山国家湿地公园区域内人工养殖的现状,指出人工养殖存在的问题,分析人工养殖对湿地公园生态系统的影响。根据湿地公园的实际情况,分析九龙山红树林国家湿地公园开展社区管理的必要性,提出了全新的社区管理模式。%This paper analyzed the current status of artificial breeding in Jiulongshan mangrove national wetland park, pointed out the problems of artificial culture, and analyzed the impact of artificial culture of wetland ecosystems. According to the situation of wetland park, this paper analyzed the necessity to carry out community wetland management, and presented a community management model.

  19. Auditability In The U.S. Navy: A Knowledge Assessment Of The Contracting Workforce

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    are convicted of fraud, thus becoming ineligible for government contracts, the less competitive the market becomes, which would inevitably lead to an...four 6 segments of contract management that still face challenges as (1) a small acquisition workforce, (2) difficult contracting techniques, (3...contracts, purchasing, management, marketing , quantitative methods or organization and management, a Baccalaureate degree, and one year of contracting

  20. Artificial Breeding Techniques of Whitmania pigra

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao; Nan; Xu; Ziliang

    2014-01-01

    The artificial breeding technology for juvenile of Whitmania pigra was introduced in the paper,including selection of sites and water quality,construction of spawning pool,hatching pool and escape proof facilities,key technology of leech selection,feeding,cocoon hatching,juvenile feeding and management.

  1. Broiler breeding : breeding goals, selection schemes and the usefulness of local breeds for China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jiang, X.

    1999-01-01

    This dissertation considers three aspects of broiler breeding: definition of breeding goals, selection schemes for specialized lines, and the usefulness of local breeds for China. Economic values in broiler breeding were derived based on a deterministic model. A systematic design for the application

  2. Construction of Accurate Breeding and Traceable Management Platform for Factory Pig%工厂化生猪精准养殖与可溯源管理平台的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常宇; 朱伟兴; 郝威

    2012-01-01

    目前,中国规模化养猪业快速发展,但是饲养设施和技术手段与发达国家相比仍然相对落后。本文提出工厂化生猪精准养殖与可溯源管理平台的构建,利用先进技术与管理方法,提高养猪场经济效益。文中详细阐述了平台中各组成子系统的构建方法,利用无线射频识别(RFID)、智能控制、组态软件、DDE(动态数据交换)技术、GPRS技术等数字化技术与手段,实现了精确养殖与可溯源管理集于一体的公共服务平台的构建。把可溯源管理用到生猪养殖,适应了大众的需求。把数字化技术用到生猪养殖,体现了社会经济发展的理念。%At present,large-scale pig farming industry has rapid development in china,but the breeding facilities and technology is still relatively backward compared to developed countries.In order to improve the benefits of pig industry,a kind of accurate breeding and traceable management platform was constructed by using the advanced technical measures.The whole platform makes full use of RFID technology,DDE technology,GPRS technology and intelligent control technology to complete the platform construction.At the same time,its corresponding constructing methods of every subsystem were illustrated in details in this paper.Traceable management was used in the live pig breeding,adapting to the needs of the public.Digital technology was used in the live pig breeding,reflecting the concept of social and economic development.

  3. The Study on Privilege in Administrative Contract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于韬文

    2016-01-01

    With the continuous development of management methods, as the implementation means of administrative policy and social management ideal, the administrative contract has been widely accepted. Administrative areas contract to become the focus of people's attention. Administrative priority in administrative contract is to distinguish between private rights contract with the most critical characteristics of administrative contracts. But there are many problems of administrative priority in practice. In this paper, writer begins from the content of administrative priority and put forward myself proposals for the improvement of power supervision.

  4. Vulnerability of breeding waterbirds to climate change in the Prairie Pothole Region, U.S.A.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steen, Valerie; Skagen, Susan K; Noon, Barry R

    2014-01-01

    The Prairie Pothole Region (PPR) of the north-central U.S. and south-central Canada contains millions of small prairie wetlands that provide critical habitat to many migrating and breeding waterbirds. Due to their small size and the relatively dry climate of the region, these wetlands are considered at high risk for negative climate change effects as temperatures increase. To estimate the potential impacts of climate change on breeding waterbirds, we predicted current and future distributions of species common in the PPR using species distribution models (SDMs). We created regional-scale SDMs for the U.S. PPR using Breeding Bird Survey occurrence records for 1971-2011 and wetland, upland, and climate variables. For each species, we predicted current distribution based on climate records for 1981-2000 and projected future distributions to climate scenarios for 2040-2049. Species were projected to, on average, lose almost half their current habitat (-46%). However, individual species projections varied widely, from +8% (Upland Sandpiper) to -100% (Wilson's Snipe). Variable importance ranks indicated that land cover (wetland and upland) variables were generally more important than climate variables in predicting species distributions. However, climate variables were relatively more important during a drought period. Projected distributions of species responses to climate change contracted within current areas of distribution rather than shifting. Given the large variation in species-level impacts, we suggest that climate change mitigation efforts focus on species projected to be the most vulnerable by enacting targeted wetland management, easement acquisition, and restoration efforts.

  5. On the way of circulation of rural land contracted management right%农村土地承包经营权流转方式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫文

    2013-01-01

    从产权角度分析,按照流转前后承包经营权权属是否改变,承包经营权流转可分为“权属不变型的流转方式”、“权属改变型的流转方式”和“有条件约束的权属改变型流转方式”。所谓“不改变权属的流转方式”指承包经营权的流出方保留物权性质的承包经营权,原承包关系不变,受让方仅获得债权性质的承包经营权全部或部分权能;“改变权属的流转方式”是指随着承包经营权流转的发生,原有流转标的上对应的发包方与承包方之间的承包关系终止,代之以发包方与新的承包方之间形成的新的承包关系;“可能改变权属的流转方式”是指在承包经营权流转发生后,随着某些条件的改变和满足,原承包关系有可能发生改变,如抵押等。%This article from the point of view of property rights, in accordance with the contractual right before and after the transfer of ownership is changed, contract operation rights transfer can be divided into "transfer ownership of the same type of way," "change the type of ownership transfer mode" and "conditional change in ownership constraints flow-type way." . The so-called "do not change the way the circulation of ownership" means the Contracting Party reserves the right to operate out of the nature of the contractual right of property, the original contract relations remain unchanged, the transferee received only the nature of the contractual right of creditors all or part of power; "Change The transfer of own-ership means "refers to contracting right along with the occurrence of the corresponding underlying original circulation Employer and Contractor terminate contractual relations between the parties and replaced with the new Employer formed between the contracting parties The new contractual relations; "may change the way the circulation of ownership" means the contractual management rights transfer occurred, along with

  6. Best practices in human resource management of Contracting & Engineering Company%工程公司人力资源管理最佳实践初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴维阳

    2014-01-01

    工程公司是中国现代化和城镇化中重要的建设力量,他们的行为对中国经济的繁荣和增长存在意义深远的影响。但国内众多工程公司基本都由勘察设计企业转制而来,现有的人力资源管理体系难以支撑其成功转型。本文通过大量文献资料,对10家优秀的工程公司人力资源实践进行归纳性分析,研究得到工程公司人力资源最佳实践:(1)工程公司人力资源实践必须承接公司发展的使命和人本价值的假设;(2)工程公司人力资源实践体现在人才挑选前、挑选中、挑选后的人才资源价值创造,蕴含在通过各种方式进行经营、职能、技术、项目四大人才梯队的招聘,培养,激励,进而促使其产生价值和提升自我的过程;(3)人文环境、人本文化(员工参与)等因素则是提升人力资本价值创造的关键中介条件。这些最佳实践为工程公司的成功转型提供了重要的人力资源启示。%Contracting & Engineering Company is the most important building strength of China's modernization and urbanization. But many domestic Contracting & Engineering Companies basic survey and design enterprises were conversing from Engineering Consultants Companies,whose human resources management system is dififcult to support their successful transition. This paper get Contracting&Engineering Company HR best Practices through a lot of literature on the 10 outstanding Contracting&Engineering Company’s human resources practices ,such as:(1) Contracting & Engineering Company HR practices must undertake the mission and the value of the company;(2) Contracting&Engineering Company HR practices embody in personnel recruitment , training , motivation;(3) the human environment , human culture ( employee participation ) and other factors to enhance the value of human capital are the key to creating an intermediary condition . These best practices provides an important

  7. Breeding-assisted genomics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poland, Jesse

    2015-04-01

    The revolution of inexpensive sequencing has ushered in an unprecedented age of genomics. The promise of using this technology to accelerate plant breeding is being realized with a vision of genomics-assisted breeding that will lead to rapid genetic gain for expensive and difficult traits. The reality is now that robust phenotypic data is an increasing limiting resource to complement the current wealth of genomic information. While genomics has been hailed as the discipline to fundamentally change the scope of plant breeding, a more symbiotic relationship is likely to emerge. In the context of developing and evaluating large populations needed for functional genomics, none excel in this area more than plant breeders. While genetic studies have long relied on dedicated, well-structured populations, the resources dedicated to these populations in the context of readily available, inexpensive genotyping is making this philosophy less tractable relative to directly focusing functional genomics on material in breeding programs. Through shifting effort for basic genomic studies from dedicated structured populations, to capturing the entire scope of genetic determinants in breeding lines, we can move towards not only furthering our understanding of functional genomics in plants, but also rapidly improving crops for increased food security, availability and nutrition.

  8. The Cross-Cultural Human Resource Management in International Engineering Contracting%国际工程承包中的跨文化人力资源管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王铁雁

    2012-01-01

    The negative impact of cultural conflict in international engineering contracting necessitated the establishment of a cross-cultural human resource management system.This paper proposes a set of key measures to build such a system,which encompasses improvement of the cross-cultural human resource management and cross-cultural communication channels,maximization of the specialty of all staffs,localization of human resource management,and diversification of the training systems and their implementation with cross-cultural consideration throughout the project.%国际工程承包过程中的文化冲突对人力资源管理带来负面影响,为此,应建立跨文化的人力资源管理体系。完善跨文化人力资源管理机制,建立跨文化沟通渠道;努力发挥各类员工的特长,加强人力资源本土化管理;建立多样化的培训体系,开展全程跨文化培训是我国工程承包企业提升人力资源管理水平,保障工程顺利完成的重要措施。

  9. Costs Associated with Equine Breeding in Kentucky

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Cassandra L.

    There were approximately 9 million horses in the United States having a 102 billion impact on the U.S. economy (AHC, 2005). Over 1 million of those horses were involved in the breeding sector. In Kentucky, nearly 18% of the horse population have been involved in breeding. Managing an equine enterprise can be difficult, particularly given that many who undertake such endeavors do not have a background or education in business management. Kentucky Cooperative Extension has produced interactive spreadsheets to help horse owners better understand the costs associated with owning horses or managing certain equine businesses, including boarding and training operations. However, there has been little support for breeders. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to provide owners with a list of services offered for breeding and the costs associated with those services. Survey questions were created from a list of topics pertinent to equine breeding and from that list of questions, an electronic survey was created. The survey was sent via Qualtrics Survey Software to collect information on stallion and mare management costs as well as expenses related to owning and breeding. Question topics included veterinary and housing costs, management and advertising expenses, and membership fees. A total of 78 farms were selected from the 2013 breeder's listings for the Kentucky Quarter Horse Association (n = 39) and the Kentucky Thoroughbred Farm Managers' Club (n = 26), and other breed association contacts (n = 13). These farms were selected from the lists by outside individuals who were not related to the project. Participants were asked to answer all questions relevant to the farm. After the initial survey distribution, follow-up e-mails and phone calls were conducted in order to answer any questions participants might have had about the survey. Survey response rate was 32.1% (25 of 78 surveys returned). Farms in Kentucky had an average of two farm-owned and two outside

  10. Applicability of NASA contract quality management and failure mode effect analysis procedures to the USGS Outer Continental Shelf oil and gas lease management program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyer, M. K.; Little, D. G.; Hoard, E. G.; Taylor, A. C.; Campbell, R.

    1972-01-01

    An approach that might be used for determining the applicability of NASA management techniques to benefit almost any type of down-to-earth enterprise is presented. A study was made to determine the following: (1) the practicality of adopting NASA contractual quality management techniques to the U.S. Geological Survey Outer Continental Shelf lease management function; (2) the applicability of failure mode effects analysis to the drilling, production, and delivery systems in use offshore; (3) the impact on industrial offshore operations and onshore management operations required to apply recommended NASA techniques; and (4) the probable changes required in laws or regulations in order to implement recommendations. Several management activities that have been applied to space programs are identified, and their institution for improved management of offshore and onshore oil and gas operations is recommended.

  11. The present situation of energy contract management in the country, the problems and countermeasures%我国合同能源管理存在问题与对策思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄春; 李春燕; 季东军

    2012-01-01

    合同能源管理是一种新型的市场化节能机制。文章在分析我国合同能源管理现状和总结存在的主要问题的基础上,提出了合同能源管理要谨防一哄而上。加强政策扶持和引导。建立成熟、完善和规范的市场环境。多管齐下引导合同能源管理规范发展的建议。%Contract energy management is a new market-oriented energy-saving mechanism. In the analysis of the contract energy management status and summary of the main problems, based on the proposed energy management contract to guard against indiscriminate, multi-pronged approach to promote energy management, government and relevant departments should further improve laws and regulations to guide the energy contract the healthy development of management recommendations.

  12. Managing Relationships and Competence to Stay Market-Oriented: The Case of a Finnish Contract Research Organization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seppänen, Veikko; Skaates, Maria Anne

    2001-01-01

    Relationships influence organizations' competencies. A model of competence dynamics at the organization, dyad, and network levels is developed and applied in a contractual R&D case. It is argued that the model also depicts marketing concerns of knowledge-intensive professional services firms....... Finally developing processual models of relationship-related competence management is discussed....

  13. Welfare in horse breeding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Campbell, M.L.H.; Sandøe, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Welfare problems related to the way horses are bred, whether by coitus or by the application of artificial reproduction techniques (ARTs), have been given no discrete consideration within the academic literature. This paper reviews the existing knowledge base about welfare issues in horse breeding...... and identifies areas in which data is lacking. We suggest that all methods of horse breeding are associated with potential welfare problems, but also that the judicious use of ARTs can sometimes help to address those problems. We discuss how negative welfare effects could be identified and limited and how...

  14. Welfare in horse breeding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Campbell, M.L.H.; Sandøe, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Welfare problems related to the way horses are bred, whether by coitus or by the application of artificial reproduction techniques (ARTs), have been given no discrete consideration within the academic literature. This paper reviews the existing knowledge base about welfare issues in horse breeding...... and identifies areas in which data is lacking. We suggest that all methods of horse breeding are associated with potential welfare problems, but also that the judicious use of ARTs can sometimes help to address those problems. We discuss how negative welfare effects could be identified and limited and how...

  15. Contract delay: what is it and how are we performing?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Finnie

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThis paper examines the management of contract delays in the construction industry as currently practised, and suggests some best practice alternative methods.Research results about the level of contractor’s time management skills were analysed to determine the related impact on their ability to manage contract delays. A comparison was made between three conditions of contracts used in New Zealand to determine how delay management should be managed with a discussion about how the different contract conditions distribute risk among the parties. Recommendations were made to improve contract conditions, up-skill industry practitioners and ensure student graduates have adequate delay management skills.

  16. Improvement of the course “Management of intellectual property” based on the mixed state contract in the field of scientific R&D

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yakovlev, D.; Ageev, A.; Yushkov, E.; Bogatyreova, M.

    2017-01-01

    Intellectual property (IP) is one of the forms of storing knowledge - intangible assets of knowledge economy. The translation of IP knowledge to the young generation is one of the challenges of nuclear knowledge management. At the NRNU MEPhI (National Research Nuclear University MEPhI), the subject is studied within the framework of the academic course “Management of intellectual property. The aim of the course is to train qualified specialists, ready to use modern methods of strategic management of IP in commercial firms. The article is devoted to the strengthening and transfer of IP rights for scientific output application in industry and commerce. The state remains the main source that finances all the significant developments in the field of science and technology. Therefore, the primary task is to effectively utilize the R&D output created at the expense of the Federal budget, both within the state order and the estimated budget financing. Currently, there exist contradictions in the area of strengthening and transfer of rights for R&D in the field of science. The newly borne concept dealing with the strengthening of IP rights for the scientific R&D output, centers on the theory of a mixed state contract and is conveniently integrated with the academic course mentioned. Knowledge itself takes the form of IP, as soon as it becomes formalized. The academic course when supplemented with various approaches to strengthening and transfer of IP rights for the scientific R&D output certainly gives a better understanding of the commercialization process of the intellectual capital and structures relevance to intellectual property. The research material is integrated with the educational process, and the academic course “Management of intellectual property” is designed both for economic and engineering specialties.

  17. Army Contract Writing System (ACWS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    the integration with Army Enterprise Resource Planning systems. As a financial feeder system, ACWS will meet the compliance requirements of the...Federal Financial Management Improvement Act of 1996. The system will meet the full scope of Army Contracting requirements, including those in secure and...business process efficiencies, support compliance with the Federal Financial Management Improvement Act of 1996, integrate with existing Enterprise

  18. BIM技术在天津117大厦项目工程总承包管理中的应用%BIM Technology in the Application of the Tianjin 117 Building Project Engineering General Contracting Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安培; 周晓帆

    2014-01-01

    以天津117大厦项目中BIM技术应用为例,探索BIM技术在项目总承包管理过程中的应用,从BIM实施策划、BIM实施专项应用、BIM综合管理三个方面,阐述了BIM实施内容和管理方式,通过BIM模型作为纽带,将BIM技术与项目总承包管理相结合,实现设计管理和施工管理全过程信息传递及共享,打造设计、施工、资源、商务等一体化BIM总承包管理体系。%117 building project in the BIM technology application in Tianjin as an example,explore the BIM technology application in the project general contracting management process,from the BIM implementation plan,the implementation of special application,plus BIM integrated management three aspects,this paper expounds the BIM implementation content and management mode,through the BIM model as the link,the BIM technology combined with project general contracting management,design management and construction management the whole process of information transfer and sharing,building design,construction,resources,BIM general contracting business,such as integration management system.

  19. Today’s Crisis in Contracting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-01

    semester 7 hours in accounting, law, business , finance, contracts, purchasing, economics, industrial management , marketing, quantitative methods, or...actions into VCE -Contract Management tool. Receive PRs into the office. Mail Procurement Clerk duties. 37) No. 38) I serve as the IMO and IASO for... business enterprise, the command awards more than 260,000 contracts each year valued at more than $92 billion, which is equal to 66 percent of the

  20. Plant breeding and genetics

    Science.gov (United States)

    The ultimate goal of plant breeding is to develop improved crops. Improvements can be made in crop productivity, crop processing and marketing, and/or consumer quality. The process of developing an improved cultivar begins with intercrossing lines with high performance for the traits of interest, th...

  1. Travelling to breed

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Drent, RJ; Fox, AD; Stahl, J

    2006-01-01

    Traditionally, investigation of the dynamics of avian migration has been heavily biased towards the autumn return trip to the wintering quarters. Since the migratory prelude to breeding has direct fitness consequences, the European Science Foundation recently redressed the balance and sponsored a wo

  2. Penguin breeding in Edinburgh

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gillespie, T.H.; F.R.S.E.,; F.Z.S.,

    1939-01-01

    The Scottish National Zoological Park at Edinburgh has been notably successful in keeping and breeding penguins. It is happy in possessing as a friend and benefactor, Mr Theodore E. Salvesen, head of the firm of Christian Salvesen & Co., Leith, to whose interest and generosity it owes the great numb

  3. 基于协同平台的大型复杂工程项目合同界面管理研究%Contract Interface Management of Large and Complex Projects Based on Collaboration Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈燕清; 张原

    2011-01-01

    本文通过传统的合同界面管理方法间的比较,说明基于协同平台建立合同界面管理是行之有效的.并基于协同平台的资源和数据共享来建立合同界面管理模式,对合同界面进行有步骤管理;通过考核来激励和惩罚各参与方,使工程能顺利完成.%In this paper, through the comparison with the traditional contract management interface, the contract interface management based on collaborative platform is effective. It is based on the resource and data sharing of collaboration platform to create a contract management interface and manage the interface contract step by step, and punishes and motivates the parties involved by the examination, to make the project successful.

  4. Reverse breeding: a novel breeding approach based on engineered meiosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dirks, R.; Dun, van K.P.M.; Snoo, de B.; Berg, van den M.; Lelivelt, C.L.C.; Voermans, W.; Woudenberg, L.; Wit, de J.P.C.; Reinink, K.; Schut, J.W.; Jong, de J.H.S.G.M.; Wijnker, T.G.

    2009-01-01

    Reverse breeding (RB) is a novel plant breeding technique designed to directly produce parental lines for any heterozygous plant, one of the most sought after goals in plant breeding. RB generates perfectly complementing homozygous parental lines through engineered meiosis. The method is based on re

  5. D-loop haplotype diversity in Brazilian horse breeds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ianella, Patrícia; Albuquerque, Maria do Socorro Maués; Paiva, Samuel Rezende; Egito, Andréa Alves do; Almeida, Leonardo Daniel; Sereno, Fabiana T P S; Carvalho, Luiz Felipe Ramos; Mariante, Arthur da Silva; McManus, Concepta Margaret

    2017-08-31

    The first horses were brought to Brazil by the colonizers after 1534. Over the centuries, these animals evolved and adapted to local environmental conditions usually unsuitable for exotic breeds, thereby originating locally adapted Brazilian breeds. The present work represents the first description of maternal genetic diversity in these horse breeds based on D-loop sequences. A D-Loop HSV-I fragment of 252 bp, from 141 horses belonging to ten Brazilian breeds / genetic groups (locally adapted and specialized breeds) were analysed. Thirty-five different haplotypes belonging to 18 haplogroups were identified with 33 polymorphic sites. Haplotype diversity (varying from 0.20 to 0.96) and nucleotide diversity (varying from 0.0039 to 0.0239) was lower for locally adapted than for specialized breeds, with the same pattern observed for FST values. Haplogroups identified in Brazilian breeds are in agreement with previous findings in South American samples. The low variability observed mainly in locally adapted breeds, indicates that, to ensure conservation of these breeds, careful reproductive management is needed. Additional genetic characterization studies are required to support accurate decision-making.

  6. Development of Circular Economy of Characteristic Breeding Industry in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    In order to achieve characteristic,high-quality,high-efficiency,low-consumption,healthy and intensive breeding,we use the ecology method to analyze the status quo of development of characteristic breeding industry in Guangxi,from advantages in resources,industrial development,characteristic breeding,and standardized construction.There are some problems existing in the development of characteristic breeding industry in Guangxi:prominent contradiction among human,land and grain;outdated breeding mode;low comprehensive utilization rate of resources;increasingly deteriorating ecological environment.We put forth the following recommendations:based on the ecological and economic principles,introducing"reduce,reuse,recycle"idea of circular economy;striving to choose the development pattern of circular economy adapting to local resource characteristics,planting and breeding habits;in terms of realization path,paying close attention to construction of standardized breeding farm,cultivation of organic fertilizer industry,infrastructure construction,environmental law enforcement,and other parts;reinforcing the policy guidance,adjusting and optimizing industrial structure,strengthening scientific and technological innovation,and advancing industrialization management,to promote steady development of circular economy of characteristic breeding industry in Guangxi,and accelerate the process of rejuvenating province by breeding industry,enriching the people and building up Guangxi.

  7. 78 FR 11685 - Public Availability of FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory Analysis, FY 2012 Service Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    ... information is organized by function to show how contracted resources are distributed throughout the agency... of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP). OFPP's guidance is...

  8. An Analysis of the United States Air Force Energy Savings Performance Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-01

    13 a. Contract Provision 1— ESCO Profit Limits...........................13 b. Contract Provision 2—Terms and...7 ESCO - Energy Service Company ESPC - Energy Savings Performance Contract FEMP - Federal Energy Management Program of DoE FAR - Federal...CONTRACTS Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPC) are performance-based service contracts with Energy Service Companies ( ESCO ) for energy

  9. Breeding productivity of Smith Island black ducks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haramis, G.M.; Jorde, D.G.; Olsen, G.H.; Stotts, D.B.; Harrison, M.K.; Perry, M.C.

    2002-01-01

    We investigated the breeding performance of American black ducks (Anas rubripes) on Smith Island, Chesapeake Bay, to improve our understanding of island black duck breeding ecology and to make management recommendations to enhance productivity. During 1995-96, we implanted 56 female black ducks with 20-g radio transmitters and tracked 35 of the individuals through the breeding season to locate nests, determine nest fate, and identify brood habitat. We also increased preseason banding efforts and compared capture characteristics over 12 years with those from the Deal Island Wildlife Management Area, a banding site on the mainland of Tangier Sound. A low rate of nesting (37%), lack of renesting, and poor hatching success (31%) indicated that island salt marsh habitats present a harsh environment for breeding black ducks. Black ducks located 11 of 13 nests (85%) in black needlerush (Juncus roemerianus) marsh where they were vulnerable to flooding from extreme tides and to egg predators. No nests were found on forested tree hammocks, a feature that distinguishes Smith Island from nearby South Marsh and Bloodsworth Islands. Nest predators included red foxes (Vulpes vulpes), herring gulls (Larus argentams), fish crows (Corvus ossifragus), and, potentially, Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus). Unlike mainland red foxes, foxes radio tracked on Smith Island were found to be capable swimmers and effective low marsh predators. We found shoreline meadows of widgeon grass (Ruppia maritima) to be important foraging sites for black ducks and suspected that the virtual absence of fresh water in this high salinity environment (1217+ ppt) to incur some cost in terms of growth and survival of ducklings. Preseason bandings revealed a high proportion of banded adults and a strong positive correlation in age ratios with the Deal Island banding site. This latter finding strongly suggests a negative universal effect of storm tides on nest success for Tangier Sound black ducks. Management to

  10. Determinants of Service Contract Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-30

    Management, Industrial Marketing Management, Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, the Journal of Marketing Channels, Air Force Journal of...limited to applications of service quality in business-to-consumer (B2C) contexts. The five dimensions of service quality do not always fit B2B ...Buyers of customer-defined B2B services often state service expectations in requirement documents that are incorporated into contracts. Within public

  11. Changes in Knowledge Management Strategies Can Support Emerging Innovative Actors in Organic Agriculture: The Case of Participatory Plant Breeding in Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Livia Ortolani

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The “transfer of technology”, typical of a top-down linear process of innovation cannot be used in the new contexts of sustainability, characterised by uncertainty and complexity. There is a need to redefine categories and concepts around which innovation and agricultural policies are built, as those currently in use provide only a partial representation of reality. Innovation paradigms underpinning technological development and public policies design will have a direct impact on decisions regarding which agricultural models will ultimately be supported. Looking at local learning capacity and systems of relations can help to understand the potential to develop innovation within a specific context. This work contributes to the definition of new actors who are developing innovation for sustainability in rural areas. The study focuses on the knowledge systems of farmers who are applying alternative breeding strategies: it uses a network approach to explore the knowledge system in which individual farmers are embedded in order to understand their specific relational features. Three main conclusions emerge from the study: for enhancing the agro-ecological innovation paradigm there is a need to define the ‘innovation broker’, to revise the evaluation system of public research and to integrate innovation and agricultural policies.

  12. Application on Contract Management Information System in Nanjing Metro%南京地铁合同管理信息系统应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王星

    2014-01-01

    探讨如何采用计算机信息化技术手段改进并优化南京地铁运营公司合同管理的作业模式。详细分析了原有手工作业模式带来的一系列弊端,提出采用信息化软件系统的运作流程,提供了相应的技术解决策略。最后总结了该系统上线使用的成功经验,为其他类似信息化系统的开展实施提供参考和借鉴。%The paper makes a detailed analysis on a series of disadvantages of operating mode of original manual contract management, puts forward the use of information technology software systems in operational processes, provides appropriate technical solution strategy and sums up the successful experience of implementation results on the system, provides reference for carrying out the implementation of future similar information systems.

  13. Restoration of breeding by snowy plovers following protection from disturbance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lafferty, K.D.; Goodman, D.; Sandoval, C.P.

    2006-01-01

    Promoting recreation and preserving wildlife are often dual missions for land managers, yet recreation may impact wildlife. Because individual disturbances are seemingly inconsequential, it is difficult to convince the public that there is a conservation value to restricting recreation to reduce disturbance. We studied threatened western snowy plovers (Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus) at a public beach (Sands Beach, Coal Oil Point Reserve) in Santa Barbara, California (USA) before and during a period when a barrier directed foot traffic away from a section of upper beach where snowy plovers roost. The barrier reduced disturbance rates by more than half. Snowy plovers increased in abundance (throughout the season) and their distribution contracted to within the protected area. Snowy plovers that were outside the protected area in the morning moved inside as people began using the beach. Experiments with quail eggs indicated an 8% daily risk of nest trampling outside the protected area. Before protection, plovers did not breed at Coal Oil Point. During protection, snowy plovers bred in increasing numbers each year and had high success at fledging young. These results demonstrate how recreational disturbance can degrade habitat for shorebirds and that protecting quality habitat may have large benefits for wildlife and small impacts to recreation. ?? Springer 2006.

  14. The role of water in animal breeding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Serrantoni

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available The role of water in animal breeding must be extended to a wider context than the animal production area, considering that 70% of the water used in the world is consumed by the whole production chain (agriculture and animal production. Therefore has a great importance the connection with other fields of the chain, as the fodder-growing and the cereal-growing, together with the evaluation and quantification of the environmental impacts. Water, that plays an essential role in the breeding, assumes different importance in relation to the animal class (birds, fish and mammals and to the animal species. Therefore are extremely different the water requirements and the water consumptions, that are moreover strongly influenced by many factors, such as the dry matter, the climatic breeding conditions, together with the individual animal features. All that represents the starting point to determine the strategies and the ways of the water giving in animal breeding, related to the technological, project and management aspects. Besides the quantitative aspects, water must be considered as food, because it is necessary to animal survival. The importance of the quality of water used in animal breeding and its nutritional role is closely related to the qualitative characteristics and to the presence of residual and polluting substances. The animal production chain, moreover, can produce environmental impacts on the aquatic ecosystems and therefore a particular attention goes to end uses of water as output of the whole animal production chain and to the quantification of the impacts, that is extremely complicate and difficult, depending on many variables. The considerations related to animal production chain assume a different value in the productive context of the management of the water resources in the third countries.

  15. CONTRACT FOLLOW UP TRAINING

    CERN Multimedia

    Technical Training; Tel. 74460

    2001-01-01

    SPL is organizing Training Sessions on the Contract Follow Up application. CFU is a Web based tool, developped and supported by the Administrative Information Services. It allows the creation of Divisional Requests and the follow up of their processing, from the Market Survey to the Invitation to Tender or Price Enquiry, approval by the Finance Committee, up to the actual signature of a Contract, acccording to the CERN Purchasing procedures. It includes a document management component. It also provides link with other AIS applications such as BHT and EDH. The course is primarily intended for DPOs, Contract Technical responsibles in the division and their assistants, but is beneficial to anybody involved in the follow up of such Purchasing Procedures. This course is free of charge, but application is necessary. The details of the course may be found at http://training.web.cern.ch/Training/ENSTEC/P2001/Bureautique/cfu4_f.htm General information of CFU may be found at http://ais.cern.ch/apps/cfu/ The dates of t...

  16. 7 CFR 250.50 - Contract requirements and procurement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION DONATION OF FOODS FOR USE IN THE... Contracts With Food Service Management Companies § 250.50 Contract requirements and procurement. (a) Contract requirements. Prior to donated foods being made available to a food service management...

  17. 78 FR 14141 - Public Availability of the Securities and Exchange Commission's FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-04

    ... contracts. The inventory organizes the information by function to show how SEC distributes contracted... the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP). OFPP's guidance...

  18. 77 FR 50542 - Public Availability of the Securities and Exchange Commission's FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-21

    ... contracts. The inventory organizes the information by function to show how SEC distributes contracted... the Office of Management and Budget's Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP). OFPP's guidance...

  19. The development of beef breeding bulls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engelken, T J

    2008-08-01

    Management of the bull battery will have a dramatic impact on profitability of the cow/calf enterprise. It is critical that young bulls be selected and developed to maximize longevity and productivity for the eventual buyer. Bulls must be structurally sound, healthy, and have adequate libido in order to service the required number of females. Once bulls complete their first breeding season, special care must be taken in order to ensure that they recover and regain needed body condition and pass a bull breeding soundness examination (BBSE). Mature bulls that have reached their genetic potential for growth require less intensive management, but the health program and annual BBSE cannot be overlooked. Mature bulls are also more likely to carry venereal disease and should be screened according to local disease incidence and state regulations. All bulls, regardless of age, should be observed early during the breeding season to ensure that they are physically capable of mounting and servicing females. The establishment of a complete management program, especially for young bulls, is essential to ensure that ranch resources are used efficiently, including maintenance of a high level of reproductive performance of the cow herd.

  20. Performance contracting in central government in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansen, Mads Bøge

    2015-01-01

    in organisational structure, tasks, culture and time with performance contracts is expected to affect the contract content, hypotheses on variation across agencies are deduced. The empirical basis of the paper is a study of all performance contracts between parent ministries and subordinate agencies in Danish......This paper looks into performance contracting in Danish central government. Management by Objectives and Results (MBOR) was adopted in central government in Denmark during the 1980s and early 1990s. In 1991, performance contracts between parent ministries and their agencies were introduced...... in Danish central government. Since their introduction, performance contracts have become central elements in the steering and management of agencies in central government in Denmark, and today they are nearly universally adopted in central government. In Denmark, the Ministry of Finance is responsible...

  1. Land Contract Management Right of Famers' Family and Policy Definition%农民家庭土地承包经营权及其政策界定*

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李伟伟; 张云华

    2012-01-01

    Rural famers' land contract management right has been continually perfect on the basis of stability in China. More rights have been given to famers. Although the rights of possession, utilization and earnings of land contract management have been given famers, the three rights should be strengthened; the right object of disposal right should be clarified as land contract management right, and property transfer and credit transfer should be distinguished; rights of claim should be put great attention including returning of contracted land, preventing and excluding impairment of contracted land, compensation of important impairment and compensation expropriating.%我国农民家庭土地承包经营权权能在稳定的基础上不断完善,更多权利已经并应进一步赋予农民。土地承包经营权的占有权、使用权、收益权已经赋予农民,但这三项权利需要强化;处分权应明确其权利客体为土地承包经营权,区分物权性流转和债权性流转;请求权(承包地返还、承包地妨害排除与妨害防止、足额承包地重大妨害补偿与征收补偿)应引起足够重视。

  2. Captive breeding programs based on family groups in polyploid sturgeons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boscari, Elisa; Pujolar, Jose Martin; Dupanloup, Isabelle; Corradin, Riccardo; Congiu, Leonardo

    2014-01-01

    In species with long life cycles and discontinuous availability of individuals to reproduction, implementing a long-term captive breeding program can be difficult or impossible. In such cases, managing diversity among familiar groups instead of individuals could become a suitable approach to avoid inbreeding and increase the possibility to accomplish a breeding scheme. This is the case of several sturgeon species including the Adriatic sturgeon, whose recovery depends on the management of a few captive stocks directly descended from the same group of wild parents. In the present study, relatedness among 445 potential breeders was inferred with a novel software for pedigree reconstruction in tetraploids ("BreedingSturgeons"). This information was used to plan a breeding scheme considering familiar groups as breeding units and identifying mating priorities. A two-step strategy is proposed: a short-term breeding program, relying on the 13 remaining F0 individuals of certain wild origin; and a long-term plan based on F1 families. Simulations to evaluate the loss of alleles in the F2 generation under different pairing strategies and assess the number of individuals to breed, costs and logistical aquaculture constraints were performed. The strategy proposed is transferable to the several other tetraploid sturgeon species on the brink of extinction.

  3. Contracting and Performance in Agencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørnholt, Bente; Houlberg Salomonsen, Heidi; Rennison, Betina Wolfgang

    As part of New Public Management (NPM), contracting represents a supplement to the traditional hierarchical and rule-based managing of relations between actors in order to improve performance (Fortin and van Hassel 2000; Greve and Ejersbo 2002; Drewry et al. 2005; Verhoest 2005). To various degrees...... to lower degrees of trust between contracting agencies and their parent ministry (2011: 795). Hence, there is no simple relationship between trust, dialogue, autonomy, control and performance in agencification in general or in the contractual relationships between departments and agencies in particular....... The ambition of this paper is to investigate the causal mechanism behind these complex relationships by investigating why and how the balancing of control, dialogue and autonomy in internal contracting in agencies leads to better performance? The research design in primarily explorative in the sense...

  4. Breeding tropical forages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L Jank

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Brazil has the largest commercial beef cattle herd and is the main beef exporter in the world. Cultivated pastures arethe basis for the Brazilian beef production, and occupy an area of 101.4 million hectares. However, very few forage cultivars arecommercially available, and the majority of these are of apomictic reproduction, thus genetically homogeneous. Tropical foragebreeding is at its infancy, but much investment and efforts have been applied in the last three decades and some new cultivars havebeen released. In this paper, origin of different species, modes of reproduction, breeding programs and targets are discussed andthe resulting new cultivars released are presented.

  5. Premature Ventricular Contractions (PVCs)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diseases and Conditions Premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) By Mayo Clinic Staff Premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) are extra, abnormal heartbeats that begin in one of your heart's two ...

  6. 48 CFR 970.35 - Research and development contracting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Research and development... SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS Major System Acquisition 970.35 Research and development contracting. ...

  7. Breeding sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) for drought tolerance

    OpenAIRE

    Saeed Rauf

    2008-01-01

    Productivity of sunflower is strongly regulated by the availability of water and greatest yield losses occur when water shortage occurs at flowering. Therefore, it is critical to manage the deleterious effect of drought stress at this stage. Evolving crop genotypes which have enhanced drought tolerance are the most successful and cheapest strategy to cope with drought. However, progress in drought tolerance breeding is slow due to inappropriate selection criteria and faulty breeding strategie...

  8. Radiation mutation breeding

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Song, Hi Sup; Kim, Jae Sung; Kim, Jin Kyu; Shin, In Chul; Lim, Young Taek

    1998-04-01

    In order to develop an advanced technical knowledge for the selection of better mutants, some of the crops were irradiated and the mutation rate, the survival rate and the method for selction of a mutant were studied. Furthermore, this study aimed to obtain basic data applicable to the development of genetic resources by evaluation and analysis the specific character for selection of the superior mutant and its plant breeding. 1. selection of the mutant with a superior resistance against environment in the principal crops 1) New varieties of mutant rices such as Wonpyeongbyeo, Wongwangbyeo, Winmibyeo, and heogseon chalbeyeo (sticky forma) were registered in the national variety list and made an application to crop variety protection right. They are under review now. 2) We also keep on studying on the number of a grain of 8 lines of excellent mutant rice for the purpose of improvement of breeding . 3) We selected 3 lines which have a resistance to pod and stem blight in large soybean, 31 lines with small grain size and higher yield, 112 lines of soybean of cooking, 7 lines of low lipoxygenase content, and 12 lines with decreased phytic acid content by 20 % compared to the previous level. 2. Selection of advanced Mugunwha (Rose of Sharon) mutant 1) Bagseul, a new variety of mutant, was developed and 30 plantlets of it are being proliferated. 2) Fifty-three lines of a mutant having a various morphologies were selected.

  9. 工业建设项目工程总承包施工管理探讨%Investigation on construction management of general contracting in industrial construction projects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董达; 金锋

    2013-01-01

    随着EPC工程总承包模式在工程建设领域的应用,工程总承包逐渐成为工程建设企业的一项主营业务.而施工管理作为EPC总承包中重要一环,也越来越多地引起关注和重视.本文从工程总承包商的角度,探讨了工业建设项目工程总承包的施工管理工作;从质量、进度、职业健康安全/环境和费用四个方面对总承包商施工管理的主要问题进行了归纳分析;并对工程总承包商的施工管理给出整合、规划、监控、质量/职业健康安全/环境和组织过程资产五个方面的改进建议,为工程总承包的有效管理提供参考.%General Contracting has gradually become a main business of construction enterprises with the application of the general contracting mode in the field of engineering construction.Construction management,which is an important part of general contracting,has attracted more and more attention.The construction management of industrial construction project general contracting is discussed from the perspective of general contractors.Main problems of construction management are analyzed in the four aspects of quality,schedule,HSE and cost.The five proposals for improvements in construction management,which are given to general contractors,are integration,planning,monitoring,QHSE,and organizational process asset.

  10. Making contracting work better and cost less: Report of the Contract Reform Team

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-02-01

    In June 1993, Secretary of Energy Hazel O`Leary formed a Contract Reform Team, chaired by Deputy Secretary Bill White, to evaluate the contracting practices of the Department of Energy and to formulate specific proposals for improving those practices. This report summarizes the results of the work of the Contract Reform Team. It recommends actions for implementation that will significantly improve the Department`s contracting practices and will enable the Department to help create a government that -- in the words of Vice President Gore -- {open_quotes}works better and costs less.{close_quotes} These actions and the deadlines for their implementation are listed. Among other things, they recommend replacing the Department`s standard Management and Operating Contract with a new Performance-Based Management Contract and strengthening the Department`s systems for selecting and managing contractors.

  11. Firm Reorganization : Social Control or Social Contract?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aalbers, Hendrik Leendert; Dolfsma, Wilfred; Blinde-Leerentveld, Rowan

    2014-01-01

    Firm reorganizations deeply affect employees. Management can reorganize in different ways, focusing on costs or acknowledging the involvement of employees. The latter implies following a social contract that complements incomplete (formal) labor contracts. Little is known about how the way in which

  12. Firm Reorganization: Social Control or Social Contract

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aalbers, H.L.; Dolfsma, W.A.; Blinde-Leerentveld, R.

    2014-01-01

    Firm reorganizations deeply affect employees. Management can reorganize in different ways, focusing on costs or acknowledging the involvement of employees. The latter implies following a social contract that complements incomplete (formal) labor contracts. Little is known about how the way in which

  13. 7 CFR 634.25 - Contracting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... provide the contract to the administering agency for certification of fund availability and for execution. (f) Participants shall install best management practices according to the specifications that are... date when RCWP funds are first made available to begin the project. (m) Contracts may be terminated due...

  14. 48 CFR 2124.104 - Contract clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... FREEDOM OF INFORMATION Protection of Individual Privacy 2124.104 Contract clauses. ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contract clauses. 2124.104 Section 2124.104 Federal Acquisition Regulations System OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT, FEDERAL EMPLOYEES...

  15. Impact of the pay-for-performance contract and the management of hypertension in Scottish primary care: a 6-year population-based repeated cross-sectional study.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Simpson, Colin R

    2011-07-01

    The 2004 introduction of the pay-for-performance contract has increased the proportion of income that GPs are able to earn by targeting quality care to patients with chronic diseases such as hypertension.

  16. Faculty Growth Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seldin, Peter

    Growth contracts, described as faculty plans for personal and professional growth proposed by each member of the faculty, are examined. The rationale for growth contracts is explained and a list of some institutions using growth contracts or variations of the concept is provided. Growth contract advantages, the role of the evaluation committee or…

  17. Analysis on The Roles of Stakeholders in The Management of Integrated Breeding Beef Cattle Farm Program at PT KPC East Kutai

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Ariansyah

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available An analysis of the roles of stakeholders was conducted as a continuity program of Peternakan Sapi Terpadu (PESAT; integrated beef cattle farm following the coal mining deactivation by PT Kaltim Prima Coal (KPC of East Kutai, East Kalimantan. The purpose of this study was to formulate stakeholders relation in the future program. The stakeholders involved in this program were PT KPC, local breeders, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Pertanian (STIPER; Agriculture Academy of East Kutai, and the local government of East Kutai. The stakeholders analysis was based on the variables of the importance and influence from every analyzed stakeholder. The analysis model used here was the model introduced by Reed et al. (2009. According to the result of the stakeholders analysis, PT KPC was in the key-player quadrant, which score is 25 in both of the interest and the influencial level, while the three others, such as, local breeders, STIPER of East Kutai, and the East Kutai Government were in the subject quadrant. Their score were 24 and 7 for Local breeders, 21 and 9 for STIPER of East Kutai, and 16 and 13 for The East Kutai Government. It means, they had high interest but low influence to the program. The conclusion of this analysis shows that PT KPC is still dominating in the PESAT program management, whereas the three other stakeholders are acting merely as program users that have low involvement in the program management.

  18. 总风险约束的委托组合投资管理激励契约%Incentive contract in delegated portfolio management under total risk constraint

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛积良; 马永开

    2012-01-01

    假设管理者投资组合受总风险约束,通过委托代理模型和数值分析研究委托组合投资管理中基于业绩的线性契约激励效应.研究结论表明:在总风险约束下,基于业绩的线性契约能激励管理者努力搜集私人信息;风险厌恶的管理者的期望效用和最优努力水平是其收益分享比例的增函数;总风险约束下的管理者的努力水平低于不存在风险约束时的努力水平,风险约束导致管理者信息价值的损失.研究结论从一个侧面解释了委托组合投资管理实务中线性契约被广泛采用的原因,并为私募基金风险管理和契约设计提供参考.%This paper studies the incentive of linear performance-adjusted contract in the delegated portfolio management under total risk constraints by a principal-agent model and numerical methods. Results show that linear performance-adjusted contract provides incentives to portfolio manager to work at acquiring private information under total risk constraints. The expected utility and optimal effort are increase function of the sharing ratio of the return of the portfolio to a risk-averse manager. Total risk constraint makes portfolio manager to reduce effort in gathering private information. The effort of portfolio manager under total risk constraints is less than that without total risk constraints. This result means that the total risk constraint makes information value of the manager to lose. Our conclusions explain the reason why the linear contract is popular in the delegated portfolio management, and provide references for the risk management and the contract design of the private fund.

  19. Contracts in distributed systems

    CERN Document Server

    Bartoletti, Massimo; Zunino, Roberto; 10.4204/EPTCS.59.11

    2011-01-01

    We present a parametric calculus for contract-based computing in distributed systems. By abstracting from the actual contract language, our calculus generalises both the contracts-as-processes and contracts-as-formulae paradigms. The calculus features primitives for advertising contracts, for reaching agreements, and for querying the fulfilment of contracts. Coordination among principals happens via multi-party sessions, which are created once agreements are reached. We present two instances of our calculus, by modelling contracts as (i) processes in a variant of CCS, and (ii) as formulae in a logic. With the help of a few examples, we discuss the primitives of our calculus, as well as some possible variants.

  20. Next generation breeding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barabaschi, Delfina; Tondelli, Alessandro; Desiderio, Francesca; Volante, Andrea; Vaccino, Patrizia; Valè, Giampiero; Cattivelli, Luigi

    2016-01-01

    The genomic revolution of the past decade has greatly improved our understanding of the genetic make-up of living organisms. The sequencing of crop genomes has completely changed our vision and interpretation of genome organization and evolution. Re-sequencing allows the identification of an unlimited number of markers as well as the analysis of germplasm allelic diversity based on allele mining approaches. High throughput marker technologies coupled with advanced phenotyping platforms provide new opportunities for discovering marker-trait associations which can sustain genomic-assisted breeding. The availability of genome sequencing information is enabling genome editing (site-specific mutagenesis), to obtain gene sequences desired by breeders. This review illustrates how next generation sequencing-derived information can be used to tailor genomic tools for different breeders' needs to revolutionize crop improvement. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Biotechnology in maize breeding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mladenović-Drinić Snežana

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Maize is one of the most important economic crops and the best studied and most tractable genetic system among monocots. The development of biotechnology has led to a great increase in our knowledge of maize genetics and understanding of the structure and behaviour of maize genomes. Conventional breeding practices can now be complemented by a number of new and powerful techniques. Some of these often referred to as molecular methods, enable scientists to see the layout of the entire genome of any organism and to select plants with preferred characteristics by "reading" at the molecular level, saving precious time and resources. DNA markers have provided valuable tools in various analyses ranging from phylogenetic analysis to the positional cloning of genes. Application of molecular markers for genetic studies of maize include: assessment of genetic variability and characterization of germ plasm, identification and fingerprinting of genotypes, estimation of genetic distance, detection of monogamic and quantitative trait loci, marker assisted selection, identification of sequence of useful candidate genes, etc. The development of high-density molecular maps which has been facilitated by PCR-based markers, have made the mapping and tagging of almost any trait possible and serve as bases for marker assisted selection. Sequencing of maize genomes would help to elucidate gene function, gene regulation and their expression. Modern biotechnology also includes an array of tools for introducing or deieting a particular gene or genes to produce plants with novel traits. Development of informatics and biotechnology are resulted in bioinformatic as well as in expansion of microarrey technique. Modern biotechnologies could complement and improve the efficiency of traditional selection and breeding techniques to enhance agricultural productivity.

  2. Potato breeding in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haan, de H.

    1953-01-01

    A remarkable feature of potato breeding in the Netherlands is the great number of private breeders who have concentrated their efforts on the improvement of the potato. The author calls attention to some circumstances and measures that have made potato breeding attractive in the Netherlands

  3. China’s Rural Land Contract and Management Rights of Succession%我国农村土地承包经营权继承问题探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余红; 刘玉秀

    2016-01-01

    由于我国现行法律规范对农村土地承包经营权继承规定的模糊与回避,致使学界一直争议不断,存在不同的声音,近年来司法实务也遭遇不同程度的裁判困境,农村土地承包经营权继承问题在理论和实践方面都亟待解决。通过对现行法规及理论观点的梳理,认为农村土地承包经营权是用益物权、财产权,符合继承法遗产的特征,可以继承,并从古今中外立法例、农村土地改革、农村社会保障现状及农民意愿角度分析了农村土地承包经营权继承具有现实必要性与可行性,对农村土地承包经营权的具体继承进行了合理构想。%Fuzzy and avoidance of existing legal norms due to inherit rural land contract and management rights provisions, resulting in academia has been controversial,there are different voices in recent years,judicial practice also suffered varying degrees of j udgment plight of rural land contract and management rights issue of succession in theory and practice are to be solved.Based on the existing law and theoretical perspectives in order,that the rural land contract and management rights are usufructuary rights,property rights,in line with the law of succession heritage features can be inherited,and from ancient and modern legislation of rural land reform,rural social security status quo and analyzes the wishes of farmers and rural land contract and management rights to inherit practical necessity and feasibility of specific inherited rural land contract and management rights of a reasonable idea.

  4. Impacts of Water Levels on Breeding Canada Geese and Methods for Mitigation and Management in the Southern Flathead Valley, Montana, 1983-1987 Final Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mackey, Dennis L.; Gregory, Shari K.; Matthews, William C. Jr.; Claar, James J.; Ball, I. Joseph

    1987-11-01

    Kerr Hydroelectric Dam is located at the south end of Flathead Lake, controls water levels on the lake and the Flathead River below the dam, and is currently operated as a load control facility. Current operation of Kerr Dam creates the greatest yearly water level fluctuations on both the lake and river during the Canada goose (Branta canadensis moffitti) brood and nesting period. Data collected from 1980-1982 indicated that goose nest numbers on the river were lower than during the 1950's, and that brood habitat on the lake may be limiting the goose population there. Our study was conducted from 1983-1987 to determine the effects of Kerr Dam operation on Canada goose populations and habitat on the south half of Flathead Lake and the Flathead River, and to formulate management and mitigation recommendations. Nesting geese on the river appeared to be negatively affected by a lack of nest sites free from predators, and responded to available artificial nest structures with an increase in nest numbers and nesting success. Under current dam operation, river channel depths and widths do not discourage access to nesting islands by mammalian predators during some years and high predation on ground nests occurs. Intensively used brood areas on the lake and river were identified and described. Brood habitat on the lake was lower in quality and quantity than on the river due to dam operations. Gosling mortality on the lake was high, almost 2 times higher than on the river. Lake broods expended more energy obtaining food than river broods. Losses of brood habitat in the form of wet meadow marshes were documented and mitigation options developed. Management/mitigation alternatives and monitoring methods for nesting and brooding geese were identified.

  5. Study on Engineering General Contract Management Mode for Superhigh-rise Steel Structure%超高层钢结构工程总承包项目管理模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马昕; 卜楠楠; 田伟强

    2011-01-01

    By contrasting and analyzing of theory and engineering practice, the key controlling factors of engineering general contract management for super-high-rise steel structure are analyzed for the aspect of summarizing construction enterprise' s experience, such as setting out of organization structure, analysis of key construction technologies, engineering period, quality and safety.The engineering general contract management mode for super-high-rise steel structure adapting to China is discussed.For the super-highrise steel structure of Tianjin Jin Tower project and International Business Phase Ⅲ contracted by China Construction First Division Group Construction & Development Co., Ltd.as example, the authors introduce in detail the characteristics, integrate organization flew and key controlling factors of EPC general contract management.%通过理论与实际对比与分析,从总结施工企业实践的角度剖析超高层钢结构工程总承包管理的关键控制要素,如超高层钢结构管理组织机构设置、关键施工技术分析、工期、质量、安全等关键控制要素,探讨适合中国国情的超高层钢结构工程总承包管理模式.以中建一局集团建设发展有限公司承包的国贸三期和天津津塔超高层钢结构总承包为例,详细介绍了EPC总承包管理模式的特点、整体组织流程以及关键要素.

  6. 培育新型农业经营主体发展多种形式规模经营探讨--基于安徽省粮食主产区调查%Discussions on Breeding New Agricultural Management Entities and Developing Diversified Forms of Large-scale Management, Based on the Investigation of Major Grain Production Areas in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王光宇; 张扬

    2015-01-01

    创新新型农业经营主体,发展规模经营,必须要守住加强农村土地承包权的管理、规范土地流转市场和引导农村土地承包经营权健康有序流转的底线,同时,要抓住培育专业大户、家庭农场、农民合作社经营主体,培育发展多元服务主体这两个关键。提出在政策倾斜、加大金融信贷扶持力度、提高专业化生产能力方面来扶持规模种粮大户的建议。%To innovate new agricultural management entities and develop large-scale management, at least we must strengthen the management of farmland contracting right, standardize land transfer markets, and guide the healthy order shift of farmland contracting management right. Simultaneously, we must hold the two key points, one is the cultivation of management entities such as large scale grain production households and the family farm and the farmer cooperative, another is multiple service providers. Suggestions to support large scale grain production farmers were put forward, such as the policy incline, increase financial credit support strength, and enhance specialized productivity.

  7. Utility Energy Services Contracts Lessons Learned

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2001-08-01

    This document describes best practices in the use of Utility Energy Services Contracts. The recommendations were generated by a group of innovative energy managers in many successful projects. The topics include project financing, competition between utility franchises, and water conservation.

  8. 48 CFR 46.203 - Criteria for use of contract quality requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... contract quality requirements. 46.203 Section 46.203 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Quality Requirements 46.203 Criteria for use of contract quality requirements. The extent of contract quality requirements, including...

  9. Knowledge, Experience, and Training in Incentive Contracting for the Department of Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-30

    contract curriculum. A retired USN Captain with 30 years of service, Dr. Carman holds a BA, University of Massachusetts, in Mathematics ; an MBA...years of experience in contract compliance and pricing issues. A contract specialist on Surface Ship Weapons Directorate at NAVSEA and cost and...and Experience gaps exist among Contracting Officers, Contract Specialists , Acquisition Professionals, Program Managers, and Deputy Program

  10. Discussion on general contracting enterprise in architectural engineering to subcontractors management%谈总承包企业在建筑工程中对分包单位的管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李俊伟

    2015-01-01

    From the safety,quality,progress three aspects,this paper researched the management measures of general contracting enterprise in architectural engineering to subcontractors,elaborated in detail the matters needing attention in subcontractors management,in order to strengthen the management to subcontractors in project management,so as to realize the economic efficiency of enterprises.%从安全、质量、进度三方面着手,研究了总承包企业在建筑工程中对分包单位的管理措施,对各分项管理工作中的注意事项进行了详细阐述,以期在项目管理中加强对分包单位的管理,从而实现企业的经济效益。

  11. Breeding management method of long-term artificial cultivation of tree shrew in beijing area%北京地区实验树鼩的饲养管理方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵琰; 吴婷婷; 李翼飞; 孙晔; 孙慧; 胡丽娜; 屈会化; 王庆国

    2013-01-01

    树鼩作为低等灵长类动物,在生物学研究中的价值日益引起研究者重视,将其作为实验动物的实验需求越来越多.作为南方亚热带动物,树鼩如何适应北方地区的生活是北方地区将其用作实验动物的前提.本实验室探索出适宜树鼩居住的饲养笼具,确定了饲养环境温度、湿度、光照时间、噪声及通风等条件,制定了规范化的卫生管理标准,建立了北京地区长期人工培育树鼩的饲养管理方法,为今后利用树鼩进行中医药病证结合动物模型的研究奠定了基础.%Tree shrew, a species of lower primates, its value in biomedical research has draw attention of researchers, and have been more and more demanded as a laboratory animal. However, tree shrew as a southern subtropical animal, how to adapt it to live in northern China becomes the premise that tree shrew can be used as a laboratory animal in northern China. Our laboratory has explored feeding cage, which is suitable for tree shrew living, determined feeding environmental conditions, such as temperature, humidity, illumination time, noise, ventilation, etc. , formulated the health management standard and established breeding management method of long-term artificial cultivation of tree shrew in Beijing area. Therefore, we have laid the foundation for the application of tree shrew in research on traditional Chinese medicine syndrome combined with establishment of disease animal models in the future.

  12. Understanding Swedish dairy farmers’ view on breeding goals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Röcklinsberg, H.; Gamborg, Christian; Gjerris, Mickey;

    2016-01-01

    , but also problems related to resources like milking system or grazing and to management practices like herd size or pasture management. Farmers’ practice varies depending on their values or attitudes, farm size and breed, but no previous study has mapped their values underlying choice of breeding goals...... these traits is longevity. Even so, dairy cows in Sweden are culled on average after only 2.4 lactations (about 4.5 years of age) i.e. before the housing and management of the heifer has paid off. Reasons for culling given in the literature include infertility, mastitis, disease or leg and claw problems...... cows. Leaving genetic concerns (b) aside we will now map factors leading to farmers culling a healthy cow even before the investment has been secured. Results show that although culling is emotionally difficult, curiosity in breeding and hope for even better heifers keep up recruitment levels and hence...

  13. 基于不完全契约理论视角的外包服务商的管理%Based on Incomplete Contract Theory Perspective of Business Management Outsourcing Services

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨维芝

    2011-01-01

    Corporate and outseureing service providers in outsourcing contracts signed after completion, this would require the effective management of outseurcing relationships, appropriate supervision and incentives to guard against opportunistic behavior of service providers an effective way. Through the use of incomplete contract theory of incomplete contractual outsonreing analysis, revealed that incomplete contract of service outseureing to the impact of that business and outseureing service providers to establish a formal outsourcing contract basis , the contract for the complementary relationship between the incentives and the use of sound risk prevention mechanism for service providers to monitor service providers.%企业在与外包服务商签订完外包合同之后,需要对这种外包关系进行有效的管理,恰当的监督与激励是防范服务商机会主义行为的有效途径。通过运用不完全契约理论对服务外包不完全契约性的分析,揭示了这种不完全契约性给服务外包带来的影响,认为企业与外包服务商要建立起一种以正式的外包合同为基础,关系合同为补充的激励机制,并运用完善的服务商风险防范机制对服务商进行监督。

  14. Captive breeding, reintroduction, and the conservation of amphibians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffiths, Richard A; Pavajeau, Lissette

    2008-08-01

    The global amphibian crisis has resulted in renewed interest in captive breeding as a conservation tool for amphibians. Although captive breeding and reintroduction are controversial management actions, amphibians possess a number of attributes that make them potentially good models for such programs. We reviewed the extent and effectiveness of captive breeding and reintroduction programs for amphibians through an analysis of data from the Global Amphibian Assessment and other sources. Most captive breeding and reintroduction programs for amphibians have focused on threatened species from industrialized countries with relatively low amphibian diversity. Out of 110 species in such programs, 52 were in programs with no plans for reintroduction that had conservation research or conservation education as their main purpose. A further 39 species were in programs that entailed captive breeding and reintroduction or combined captive breeding with relocations of wild animals. Nineteen species were in programs with relocations of wild animals only. Eighteen out of 58 reintroduced species have subsequently bred successfully in the wild, and 13 of these species have established self-sustaining populations. As with threatened amphibians generally, amphibians in captive breeding or reintroduction programs face multiple threats, with habitat loss being the most important. Nevertheless, only 18 out of 58 reintroduced species faced threats that are all potentially reversible. When selecting species for captive programs, dilemmas may emerge between choosing species that have a good chance of surviving after reintroduction because their threats are reversible and those that are doomed to extinction in the wild as a result of irreversible threats. Captive breeding and reintroduction programs for amphibians require long-term commitments to ensure success, and different management strategies may be needed for species earmarked for reintroduction and species used for conservation

  15. A management-control system to assist with the development, contracting, and monitoring of new services for older people: you can always get what you want (with apologies to the Rolling Stones).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, Stephen

    2007-10-01

    Implementing community services can be a very complex process where people end up "not seeing the wood for the trees" and then accepting a compromise nobody wants. Neither agency theory nor stewardship theory is particularly robust when explaining the reality that funders and managers of community health service for older people face in managing contracts. There are particular difficulties with goal divergence between policy directives and implementation practices, which result from goals not being well understood and performance requirements being ambiguously defined and infrequently monitored. This leads to accountability issues for public managers, and raises efficiency and effectiveness issues. This paper provides an interim report on a project developing a management-control system to provide a process for health planners and funders to use when developing and contracting services. A major focus is inviting stakeholders into a process of communication that ensures that they have shared understandings of where they want to get to, and what has to be done to get there.

  16. ADMINISTRATIVE CONTRACTS. DELIMITATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liana Teodora PASCARIU

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Article examines whether all contracts of public persons are administrative contracts; in other words, if the administration may conclude contracts that, according to their legal nature, are not administrative. If we start from the definition of administrative contracts as it appears in Law no. 554/2004, these include contracts by public authorities which concern the enhancement of public property execution of works of public interest, public services, public procurement and other administrative contracts provided by special laws and subject to the jurisdiction of the administrative courts.

  17. RosBREED: Enabling Marker-Assisted Breeding in Rosaceae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genomics research has not yet been translated into routine practical application in breeding Rosaceae fruit crops (peach, apple, strawberry, cherry, apricot, pear, raspberry, etc.). Through dedicated efforts of many researchers worldwide, a wealth of genomics resources has accumulated, including ES...

  18. RosBREED: Enabling marker-assisted breeding in Rosaceae

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Iezzoni, A.F.; Weebadde, C.; Luby, J.; Yue, C.; Weg, van de W.E.; Fazio, G.; Main, D.; Peace, C.P.; Bassil, N.V.; McFerson, J.

    2010-01-01

    Genomics research has not yet been translated into routine practical application in breeding Rosaceae fruit crops (peach, apple, strawberry, cherry, apricot, pear, raspberry, etc.). Through dedicated efforts of many researchers worldwide, a wealth of genomics resources has accumulated, including EST

  19. Contractibility of financial statement information prepared under IFRS: Evidence from debt contracts around IFRS adoption

    OpenAIRE

    Shivakumar, L; Ball, R.; Li, X

    2015-01-01

    We outline several properties of IFRS that potentially affect the contractibility or the transparency of financial statement information, and hence the use of that information in debt contracts. Those properties include the increased choice among accounting rules IFRS gives to managers, enhanced rule-making uncertainty, and increased emphasis on fair value accounting. Consistent with reduced contractibility of IFRS financial statement information, we find a significant reduction in accounting...

  20. Detection of Breeding Blankets Using Antineutrinos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cogswell, Bernadette; Huber, Patrick

    2016-03-01

    The Plutonium Management and Disposition Agreement between the United States and Russia makes arrangements for the disposal of 34 metric tons of excess weapon-grade plutonium. Under this agreement Russia plans to dispose of its excess stocks by processing the plutonium into fuel for fast breeder reactors. To meet the disposition requirements this fuel would be burned while the fast reactors are run as burners, i.e., without a natural uranium blanket that can be used to breed plutonium surrounding the core. This talk discusses the potential application of antineutrino monitoring to the verification of the presence or absence of a breeding blanket. It is found that a 36 kg antineutrino detector, exploiting coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering and made of silicon, could determine the presence of a breeding blanket at a liquid sodium cooled fast reactor at the 95% confidence level within 90 days. Such a detector would be a novel non-intrusive verification tool and could present a first application of coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering to a real-world challenge.

  1. 基于合同管理的银行资产信息管理平台的研究%Research on Bank Assets Information Management Platform Based on Contract Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张凯; 周琪云; 张光河

    2012-01-01

    With the development of computer and communication technology, more and more hardware devices and equipments of computer and communication as well as related applications softwares are widely used in bank, the processing speed and efficiency of the bank have been greatly improved and the great conveniences are acquired to both of bank and customer. However, one of the most important problems is how to effectively manage these hardware and software products (I. E. Assets). This paper proposes a solution to build the bank asset information management platform based on Client/Server ( C/S) model and contract management, the platform collects the raw data at first, and then classifies and analyzes them. The solution has been utilized to implement the platform for Jiangxi Province Rural Credit Cooperatives for managing assets.%随着计算机及通信技术的发展,越来越多的计算机、通信硬件设备及相关的应用软件在银行里被广泛使用,这些设施不但提高了银行处理业务的速度和效率,也给银行和客户带来了极大的便利.然而,如何有效地管理这些软硬件资产(本文中将这些软硬件统称为资产)成为一个十分重要的问题.本文基于客户机/服务器模式来构造以合同管理为基础的应用管理平台来管理银行资产.该资产信息管理平台首先采集原始资产数据,然后对这些数据进行分类和分析,并进行统计和汇总,最终实现银行资产的有效管理.这一平台的设计思想已经被用于江西省农信社(以下简称“省农信社”)资产信息管理系统的实现之中.

  2. 合同管理是项目管理的核心——小浪底水利枢纽国际合同管理的经验与体会%Contract management is the key of item management——the experience of international contract management of Xiaolangdi Water Complex

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张基尧

    2011-01-01

    小浪底水利枢纽是治理黄河的重要控制性工程,它以地质复杂、布置困难、技术要求高、管理难度大而得到我国水利水电行业的普遍关注,尤其是由于其全方位实施国际招标,成为我国水利工程第一个全面与国际接轨的项目.小浪底水利枢纽至今已建成并成功运行10年,发挥了巨大的社会、经济和生态效益.小浪底工程建设中三大国际承包联营体隶属的40多个国家和地区的承包商、分包商,与项目业主之间围绕合同管理,呈现出多方利益主体之间的博弈.小浪底建管局依靠各方支持,在团结全体建设者优质高效地建成小浪底工程的同时,妥善处理纷繁复杂的各种合同纠纷,积累可贵的国际工程合同管理经验.我国正实施"走出去"战略,文章回顾总结小浪底国际合同管理的做法和体会,目的是对国际项目的投资者或承建者提供一些借鉴.%Xiaolangdi Water Complex is the important control project to treat Yellow River, which got great attention of the water project field with the complex geology, difficult design, high demand for technology and difficult management. Especially because of tendering in every aspect internationally, it became the first international item of our country. Until now, Xiaolangdi Water Complex has operated for 10 years, which brought large social,economic and ecological benefits. However, the contractors from 40 countries and districts had conflicts with the project owner according to the contract management for their own benefits. The project owner——the Construction and Management Bureau of Xiaolangdi Project, supported by many aspects, constructed the project with high quality, and properly treated each complex dissension, accumulated important international contract management experience. Now China is carrying "Walking out" strategy, so the paper aimes to give reference for the constructer and investor of international project.

  3. Short Term Hedging Using Futures Contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioana – Diana PAUN

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the effectiveness of risk management portfolio using futures contracts to achieve hedging. The risk can be minimized once measured, and the traditional tool of market risk management is hedging. The objective is to identify the optimum position to minimize the variation in a contract concluded now. Clearly hedging portfolio will reduce not only risk but also profitability. In conclusion hedging aims risk management, no additional gain. Portfolio manager will have the opportunity to carefully consider the relationship between risk and return in order to act according to his profile and targeted results.

  4. 48 CFR 970.2201-1-3 - Contract clause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., the contracting officer shall insert the clause at 970.5222-1, Collective Bargaining Agreements... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause. 970.2201... SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS Application of Labor Policies 970.2201-1-3...

  5. Contract Driven Creation and Operation of Virtual Enterprises

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoffner, Yigal; Field, Simon; Grefen, Paul; Ludwig, Heiko

    2001-01-01

    This paper examines the support needed for dynamically creating and managing contract-driven virtual enterprises. Our approach to virtual enterprises views contracts as the central theme that runs throughout the enterprises' life cycle and touches upon all major aspects thereof. A Contract Framework

  6. Eradication of scrapie with selective breeding: are we nearly there?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davidse Aart

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Following EU decision 2003/100/EC Member States have recently implemented sheep breeding programmes to reduce the prevalence of sheep with TSE susceptible prion genotypes. The present paper investigates the progress of the breeding programme in the Netherlands. The PrP genotype frequencies were monitored through time using two sets of random samples: one set covers the years 2005 to 2008 and is taken from national surveillance programme; the other is taken from 168 random sheep farms in 2007. The data reveal that although the level of compliance to the breeding programme has been high, the frequency of susceptible genotypes varies substantially between farms. The 168 sheep farms are a subset of 689 farms participating in a postal survey inquiring about management and breeding strategies. This survey aimed to identify how much these strategies varied between farms, in order to inform assessment of the expected future progress towards eradication of classical scrapie. Results On the one hand, we found that compliance to the national breeding program has been high, and the frequency of resistant genotypes is expected to increase further in the next few years. On the other hand, we observed a large variation in prevalence of the scrapie resistant PrP genotype ARR between farms, implicating a large variation of genetic resistance between farms. Substantial between-flock differences in management and breeding strategies were found in the postal survey, suggesting considerable variation in risk of scrapie transmission between farms. Conclusions Our results show that although there has been a good progress in the breeding for scrapie resistance and the average farm-level scrapie susceptibility in the Netherlands has been significantly reduced, still a considerable proportion of farms contain high frequencies of susceptible genotypes in their sheep population. Since 2007 the breeding for genetic resistance is voluntarily again, and

  7. Demographics of the Contracting Workforce within the Army Contracting Command

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-25

    Empresas in Madrid. Dr. Reed retired from Active Military Service in 2008 after 21 years in the Air Force. Dr. Reed held various assignments in...and Local Government, business, and marketing applications, it focuses on human resource planning and the difficulties of expanding and contracting...requirements management, market research, negotiation and performance-based acquisition (FAI, 2009, p. 80). Table 30 displays the “business

  8. Contractibility of curves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janusz Charatonik

    1991-11-01

    Full Text Available Results concerning contractibility of curves (equivalently: of dendroids are collected and discussed in the paper. Interrelations tetween various conditions which are either sufficient or necessary for a curve to be contractible are studied.

  9. Fault in Contract Law

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Eric A. Posner

    2009-01-01

    A promisor is strictly liable for breaching a contract, according to the standard account However, a negligence-based system of contract law can be given an economic interpretation, and this Article...

  10. Democratic contract law

    OpenAIRE

    Hesselink, M.W.

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the normative relationship between contract law and democracy. In particular, it argues that in order to be legitimate contract law needs to have a democratic basis. Private law is not different in this respect from public law. Thus, the first claim made in this article will be that also for contract law a democratic basis is a necessary condition for legitimacy. A fully democratic basis may also be a sufficient condition for a legitimate and just contract law. However,...

  11. Illinois’ 2000 breeding season report

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report summarizes the 2000 breeding season for grassland birds in Illinois. The report begins by summarizing weather conditions throughout the season and...

  12. Atlantic Flyway Breeding Waterfowl Survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Atlantic Flyway Technical Section initiated this breeding waterfowl survey in 11 northeast states ranging from New Hampshire to Virginia.

  13. Tricolored Blackbird - Breeding [ds20

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — These data come from observations of breeding tricolored blackbirds throughout their range in California. NAD27 coordinates are given in the data for each record....

  14. Bee Queen Breeding Methods - Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Patruica

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The biological potential of a bee family is mainly generated by the biological value of the queen. Whether we grow queens widely or just for our own apiaries, we must consider the acquisition of high-quality biological material, and also the creation of optimal feeding and caring conditions, in order to obtain high genetic value queens. Queen breeding technology starts with the setting of hoeing families, nurse families, drone-breeding families – necessary for the pairing of young queens, and also of the families which will provide the bees used to populate the nuclei where the next queens will hatch. The complex of requirements for the breeding of good, high-production queens is sometimes hard to met, under the application of artificial methods. The selection of breeding method must rely on all these requirements and on the beekeeper’s level of training.

  15. An Analysis of Army Contract Administration With Regard to Contracting Officers Representatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-01

    and in writing; solving problems through reasoning; teamwork; self-management initiative; business ethics ; and effective COR and contract performance...leaders, and commanders of CORs, we found gaps and challenges that affect the completion of COR duties relating to Army service contracts. We identified...Landale, Lead Advisor Matthew Kremer, Support Advisor Brad Naegle Academic Associate Graduate School of Business and Public

  16. Teaching about Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Froman, Michael; Kosnoff, Kathy

    1978-01-01

    Presents teaching strategies for introducing high school students to contract law. Offers as a case study a contract agreement between pro football players and team owners. Stresses basic elements of contracts (offer, acceptance, consideration, and understanding the bargaining process). Journal available from the American Bar Association, 1155…

  17. Contract law as fairness

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Klijnsma

    2015-01-01

    This article examines the implications for contract law of Rawls' theory of justice as fairness. It argues that contract law as an institution is part of the basic structure of society and as such subject to the principles of justice. Discussing the basic structure in relation to contract law is par

  18. Mutations induced in plant breeding

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barriga B, P. (Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia. Inst. de Produccion y Sanidad Vegetal)

    1984-10-01

    The most significant aspects of the use of ionizing radiations in plant breeding are reviewed. Aspects such as basic principles of mutation, expression and selection in obtention of mutants, methods for using induced mutations and sucess achieved with this methodology in plant breeding are reviewed. Results obtained in a program of induced mutation on wheat for high content of protein and lysine at the Universidad Austral de Chile are presented.

  19. Marcadores SNP: conceitos básicos, aplicações no manejo e no melhoramento animal e perspectivas para o futuro SNP markers: basic concepts, applications in animal breeding and management and perspectives for the future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Rodrigues Caetano

    2009-07-01

    molecular markers to characterize genetic resources and generate tools for animal breeding and management date from the end of the 80s. In the last 20 years the technologies to generate molecular data went through several innovation cycles. The last wave of technological innovations represents a true revolution, bringing methods to identify and genotype SNP (Single Nucleotide Polymorphism markers in large scale. High density DNA chips were generated to genotype from tens of thousands to hundreds of thousands of SNPs in a single assay. Furthermore, other medium density technologies allow for the genotyping of tens to hundreds of makers, in high numbers of samples, with very high speed and automation. These new technologies allowed for the generation of new applications, such as the methods to genetically evaluate and select animals based on their Genomic Value (Genomic Estimated Breeding Value - GEBV. The statistical methods for genomic evaluation and selection are in full development, but the technology already became reality with the release of the first bull summary for the Holstein breed with GEBVs for milk production and quality traits in January 2009. In addition, these technologies brought new options for development of diagnostic tests for paternity testing, individual identification, traceability, etc. Also, these new technologies to genotype SNP markers facilitated the development of outsourcing companies to generate molecular data, allowing any group to conduct advanced experiments, always using the most advanced technologies, without the need of investments into equipment.

  20. Root phenotyping: from component trait in the lab to breeding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuijken, René C P; van Eeuwijk, Fred A; Marcelis, Leo F M; Bouwmeester, Harro J

    2015-09-01

    In the last decade cheaper and faster sequencing methods have resulted in an enormous increase in genomic data. High throughput genotyping, genotyping by sequencing and genomic breeding are becoming a standard in plant breeding. As a result, the collection of phenotypic data is increasingly becoming a limiting factor in plant breeding. Genetic studies on root traits are being hampered by the complexity of these traits and the inaccessibility of the rhizosphere. With an increasing interest in phenotyping, breeders and scientists try to overcome these limitations, resulting in impressive developments in automated phenotyping platforms. Recently, many such platforms have been thoroughly described, yet their efficiency to increase genetic gain often remains undiscussed. This efficiency depends on the heritability of the phenotyped traits as well as the correlation of these traits with agronomically relevant breeding targets. This review provides an overview of the latest developments in root phenotyping and describes the environmental and genetic factors influencing root phenotype and heritability. It also intends to give direction to future phenotyping and breeding strategies for optimizing root system functioning. A quantitative framework to determine the efficiency of phenotyping platforms for genetic gain is described. By increasing heritability, managing effects caused by interactions between genotype and environment and by quantifying the genetic relation between traits phenotyped in platforms and ultimate breeding targets, phenotyping platforms can be utilized to their maximum potential. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Experimental Biology. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  1. Contract modularity in design by contract languages

    OpenAIRE

    Rebêlo, Henrique Emanuel Mostaert

    2014-01-01

    Design by Contract (DbC) is a popular technique for developing programs using behavioral specifications. In this context, researchers have found that the realization of DbC is crosscutting and fares better when modularized by Aspect-Oriented Programming. However, previous efforts aimed at supporting crosscutting contracts modularly actually compromised the main DbC principles. For example, in AspectJ-style, reasoning about the correctness of a method call may require a whole-pr...

  2. BREEDING AND GENETICS SYMPOSIUM: Climate change and selective breeding in aquaculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sae-Lim, P; Kause, A; Mulder, H A; Olesen, I

    2017-04-01

    breeding programs would be more heavily used. Aquaculture should use genetically improved and robust organisms not suffering from inbreeding depression. This will require using fish from well-managed selective breeding programs with proper inbreeding control and breeding goals. Policymakers and breeding organizations should provide incentives to boost selective breeding programs in aquaculture for more robust fish tolerating climatic change.

  3. Contracts in distributed systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Bartoletti

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available We present a parametric calculus for contract-based computing in distributed systems. By abstracting from the actual contract language, our calculus generalises both the contracts-as-processes and contracts-as-formulae paradigms. The calculus features primitives for advertising contracts, for reaching agreements, and for querying the fulfilment of contracts. Coordination among principals happens via multi-party sessions, which are created once agreements are reached. We present two instances of our calculus, by modelling contracts as (i processes in a variant of CCS, and (ii as formulae in a logic. With the help of a few examples, we discuss the primitives of our calculus, as well as some possible variants.

  4. Genetic diversity within and among four South European native horse breeds based on microsatellite DNA analysis: implications for conservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solis, A; Jugo, B M; Mériaux, J C; Iriondo, M; Mazón, L I; Aguirre, A I; Vicario, A; Estomba, A

    2005-01-01

    In the present study, genetic analyses of diversity and differentiation were performed on four Basque-Navarrese semiferal native horse breeds. In total, 417 animals were genotyped for 12 microsatellite markers. Mean heterozygosity was higher than in other horse breeds, surely as a consequence of management. Although the population size of some of these breeds has declined appreciably in the past century, no genetic bottleneck was detected in any of the breeds, possibly because it was not narrow enough to be detectable. In the phylogenetic tree, the Jaca Navarra breed was very similar to the Pottoka, but appeared to stand in an intermediate position between this and the meat breeds. Assuming that Pottoka is the breed less affected by admixture, the others gradually distanced themselves from it through varying influences from outside breeds, among other factors. In a comparative study with other breeds, the French breeds Ardanais, Comtois, and Breton were the closest to the four native breeds. Three different approaches for evaluating the distribution of genetic diversity were applied. The high intrabreed variability of Euskal Herriko Mendiko Zaldia (EHMZ) was pointed out in these analyses. In our opinion, cultural, economic, and scientific factors should also be considered in the management of these horse breeds.

  5. Teaching Team Administration of TV Open Education of Combined Institutes under“Contract System” Management%“合同制”视角下合并院校开放教育教师队伍管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙国明

    2013-01-01

    The open university is being built in our province. Most radio & TV universities have been combined with some local institutes. It is the key attaining to make teaching team management realize the open education purpose. Our university uses“contract system”management pattern in the building of teaching team, achieves good results. In this management pattern, the province university works out regulations and examines. The leaders of combined institutes should pay more attention, which is the premise and guarantee to improve the quality of the teaching team management in combined institutes. Tightening up the teaching team management and carrying out the administration“contract" carefully are the hand grip of improving the teaching team quality.%我省开放大学正在创建中,而我省大部分地市电大都已合并到当地高等院校中,搞好合并院校电大教师队伍管理是实现开放大学教育目标的关键。漯河广播电视大学在教师队伍管理中采用“合同制”管理模式,成效显著。在这个管理模式中,省级电大出规则并检查落实、合并院校电大领导重视是提高合并院校教师队伍管理质量的前提和保障。加强教师队伍管理,认真执行管理“合同”是提高教师队伍质量的抓手。

  6. Genomic tools in cowpea breeding programs: status and perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ousmane eBoukar

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Cowpea is one of the most important grain legumes in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA. It provides strong support to the livelihood of small-scale farmers through its contributions to their nutritional security, income generation and soil fertility enhancement. Worldwide about 6.5 million metric tons of cowpea are produced annually on about 14.5 million hectares. The low productivity of cowpea is attributable to numerous abiotic and biotic constraints. The abiotic stress factors comprise drought, low soil fertility, and heat while biotic constraints include insects, diseases, parasitic weeds and nematodes. Cowpea farmers also have limited access to quality seeds of improved varieties for planting. Some progress has been made through conventional breeding at international and national research institutions in the last three decades. Cowpea improvement could also benefit from modern breeding methods based on molecular genetic tools. A number of advances in cowpea genetic linkage maps, and quantitative trait loci associated with some desirable traits such as resistance to Striga, Macrophomina, Fusarium wilt, bacterial blight, root-knot nematodes, aphids and foliar thrips have been reported. An improved consensus genetic linkage map has been developed and used to identify QTLs of additional traits. In order to take advantage of these developments single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP genotyping is being streamlined to establish an efficient workflow supported by genotyping support service (GSS-client interactions. About 1100 SNPs mapped on the cowpea genome were converted by LGC Genomics to KASP assays. Several cowpea breeding programs have been exploiting these resources to implement molecular breeding, especially for MARS and MABC, to accelerate cowpea variety improvement. The combination of conventional breeding and molecular breeding strategies, with workflow managed through the CGIAR breeding management system (BMS, promises an increase in the number of

  7. Genomic Tools in Cowpea Breeding Programs: Status and Perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boukar, Ousmane; Fatokun, Christian A; Huynh, Bao-Lam; Roberts, Philip A; Close, Timothy J

    2016-01-01

    Cowpea is one of the most important grain legumes in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). It provides strong support to the livelihood of small-scale farmers through its contributions to their nutritional security, income generation and soil fertility enhancement. Worldwide about 6.5 million metric tons of cowpea are produced annually on about 14.5 million hectares. The low productivity of cowpea is attributable to numerous abiotic and biotic constraints. The abiotic stress factors comprise drought, low soil fertility, and heat while biotic constraints include insects, diseases, parasitic weeds, and nematodes. Cowpea farmers also have limited access to quality seeds of improved varieties for planting. Some progress has been made through conventional breeding at international and national research institutions in the last three decades. Cowpea improvement could also benefit from modern breeding methods based on molecular genetic tools. A number of advances in cowpea genetic linkage maps, and quantitative trait loci associated with some desirable traits such as resistance to Striga, Macrophomina, Fusarium wilt, bacterial blight, root-knot nematodes, aphids, and foliar thrips have been reported. An improved consensus genetic linkage map has been developed and used to identify QTLs of additional traits. In order to take advantage of these developments single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping is being streamlined to establish an efficient workflow supported by genotyping support service (GSS)-client interactions. About 1100 SNPs mapped on the cowpea genome were converted by LGC Genomics to KASP assays. Several cowpea breeding programs have been exploiting these resources to implement molecular breeding, especially for MARS and MABC, to accelerate cowpea variety improvement. The combination of conventional breeding and molecular breeding strategies, with workflow managed through the CGIAR breeding management system (BMS), promises an increase in the number of improved

  8. Post-breeding migration routes of marine turtles from Bonaire and Klein Bonaire, Caribbean Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Becking, L. E.; Christianen, M. J. A.; Nava, M. I.; Miller, N.; Willis, S.; van Dam, R. P.

    2016-01-01

    The management of small rookeries is key to conserving the regional genetic diversity of marine turtle populations and requires knowledge on population connectivity between breeding and foraging areas. To elucidate the geographic scope of the populations of marine turtles breeding at Bonaire and Kle

  9. Post-breeding migration routes of marine turtles from Bonaire and Klein Bonaire, Caribbean Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Becking, L. E.; Christianen, M. J. A.; Nava, M. I.; Miller, N.; Willis, S.; van Dam, R. P.

    2016-01-01

    The management of small rookeries is key to conserving the regional genetic diversity of marine turtle populations and requires knowledge on population connectivity between breeding and foraging areas. To elucidate the geographic scope of the populations of marine turtles breeding at Bonaire and Kle

  10. Microsatellite based genetic diversity and relationships among ten Creole and commercial cattle breeds raised in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almeida Leonardo D

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Brazil holds the largest commercial cattle populations worldwide. Local cattle breeds can be classified according to their origin, as exotic or Creole. Exotic breeds imported in the last 100 years, both zebuine and taurine, currently make up the bulk of the intensively managed populations. Locally adapted Creole breeds, originated from cattle introduced by the European conquerors derive from natural selection and events of breed admixture. While historical knowledge exists on the Brazilian Creole breeds very little is known on their genetic composition. The objective of this study was to assess the levels of genetic diversity, phylogenetic relationships and patterns of taurine/zebuine admixture among ten cattle breeds raised in Brazil. Results Significant reduction of heterozygosity exists due both to within-population inbreeding and to breed differentiation in both subspecies (taurine and zebuine. For taurine breeds the number of markers that contribute to breed differentiation is larger than for zebuine. A consistently similar number of alleles was seen in both subspecies for all microsatellites. Four Creole breeds were the most genetically diverse followed by the zebuine breeds, the two specialized taurine breeds and the Creole Caracu. Pairwise genetic differentiation were all significant indicating that all breeds can be considered as genetically independent entities. A STRUCTURE based diagram indicated introgression of indicine genes in the local Creole breeds and suggested that occasional Creole introgression can be detected in some Zebuine animals. Conclusion This study reports on a comprehensive study of the genetic structure and diversity of cattle breeds in Brazil. A significant amount of genetic variation is maintained in the local cattle populations. The genetic data show that Brazilian Creole breeds constitute an important and diverse reservoir of genetic diversity for bovine breeding and conservation. The

  11. Energy Savings Performance Contract Case Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lefevre, Jessica S.

    Building owners and managers can use performance-contracting Energy Service Companies (ESCOs) to partially or fully fund building renovations that include energy efficiency upgrades. This report provides building owners and managers with an introduction to the energy efficiency and building upgrade services provided by ESCOs. It uses 20 case…

  12. Performance-based contracts for road projects comparative analysis of different types

    CERN Document Server

    Gajurel, Ashish

    2014-01-01

    This book focuses on the aspects of contracting contracts, basically related to road construction and management contracts. The book presents an analytical study of Performance-Based Road Management and Maintenance (PMMR), Funktionsbauvertrag (FBV) (Function-Based Construction Contract) and Public Private Partnerships (PPP). A separate chapter is also included about the comparative study of these contract types. The book provides useful material for university libraries, construction companies and government departments of construction.

  13. Breeding performance in the Italian chicken breed Mericanel della Brianza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Cerolini

    Full Text Available In Italy, 90 local avian breeds were described; the majority (61% were classified as extinct and only 8.9% as still widely spread. Therefore, efforts for conservation of Italian avian breeds are urgently required. The aim of this study was to record the breeding performance of the Italian breed Mericanel della Brianza to multiply a small population, in order to develop a conservation programme. Fourteen females and eight males were available at the beginning of the reproductive season in 2009 and organised into eight families (1 male/1-2 females kept in floor pens. Birds received a photoperiod of 14L:10D and were fed ad libitum. Breeding performance was recorded from March to June. Egg production and egg weight were recorded daily; eggs were set every two weeks and fertility, embryo mortality and hatchability were recorded. Mean egg production was 37% and mean egg weight was 34±3.49 g. High fertility values from 94% to 87% were recorded in the first three settings and the overall mean fertility value was 81.6%. Overall hatchability was only 49.6% owing to a high proportion of dead embryos. Embryo mortality occurred mainly between days 2 and 7 of incubation and during hatching. The highest hatchability values were recorded in settings 1 and 2, 69% and 60% respectively, and a large decrease was found in the subsequent settings. Marked variations in egg production, fertility, hatchability and embryo mortality were found among families. The present results represent the basic know ledge of reproductive parameters necessary to improve the reproductive efficiency of the breed within a conservation plan.

  14. Breeding performance in the Italian chicken breed Mericanel della Brianza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano P. Marelli

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available In Italy, 90 local avian breeds were described, the majority (61% were classified extinct and only 8.9 % still diffused. Therefore, efforts for conservation of Italian avian breeds are urgently required. The aim of this study was to record the breeding performance of the Italian breed Mericanel della Brianza and multiply a small population, in order to develop a conservation program. Fourteen females and 8 males were available at the beginning of the reproductive season in 2009 and organized in 8 families (1 male/1-2 females kept in floor pens. Birds received a photoperiod of 14L:10D and fed ad libitum. Breeding performance was recorded from March to June. Egg production and egg weight were recorded daily; eggs were set every 2 weeks and fertility, embryo mortality and hatchability were recorded. Mean egg production was 37% and mean egg weight was 34±3.49 g. High fertility values were recorded in the first three settings, from 94 to 87%, and the overall mean fertility value was 81.6%. Overall hatchability was only 49.6% due to a high proportion of dead embryos. Embryo mortality occurred mainly between day 2 and 7 of incubation and during hatch. Highest hatchability values were recorded in setting 1 and 2, 69 and 60% respectively, and a great decrease was found in the following settings. Great variations in egg production, fertility, hatchability and embryo mortality were found among families. The present results are the basic knowledge on reproductive parameters necessary to improve the reproductive efficiency of the breed within a conservation plan.

  15. The legend of the Canadian horse: genetic diversity and breed origin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khanshour, Anas; Juras, Rytis; Blackburn, Rick; Cothran, E Gus

    2015-01-01

    The Canadian breed of horse invokes a fascinating chapter of North American history and as such it is now a heritage breed and the national horse of Canada. The aims of this study were to determine the level of genetic diversity in the Canadian, investigate the possible foundation breeds and the role it had in the development of the US horse breeds, such as Morgan Horse. We tested a total of 981 horses by using 15 microsatellite markers. We found that Canadian horses have high values of genetic diversity indices and show no evidence of a serious loss of genetic diversity and the inbreeding coefficient was not significantly different from zero. Belgian, Percheron, Breton and Dales Pony, unlike the light French horses, may have common ancestries with the Canadian and could be important founders. However, the Shire and Clydesdale influenced the Canadian to a lesser extent than French and Belgian draft breeds. Furthermore, our finding indicated that there was no evidence of a clear relationship between Canadian and Oriental or Iberian breeds. Also, the Canadian likely contributed to the early development of the Morgan. Finally, these findings support the ancient legends of the Canadian Horse as North America’s first equine breed and the foundation bloodstock to many American breeds and may help in the management and breeding program of this outstanding breed in North America. © The American Genetic Association 2014. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  16. Evolution, plant breeding and biodiversity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvatore Ceccarelli

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with changes in biodiversity during the course of evolution, plant domestication and plant breeding. It shows than man has had a strong influence on the progressive decrease of biodiversity, unconscious at first and deliberate in modern times. The decrease in biodiversity in the agricultures of the North causes a severe threat to food security and is in contrasts with the conservation of biodiversity which is part of the culture of several populations in the South. The concluding section of the paper shows that man could have guided evolution in a different way and shows an example of participatory plant breeding, a type of breeding which is done in collaboration with farmers and is based on selection for specific adaptation. Even though participatory plant breeding has been practiced for only about 20 years and by relatively few groups, the effects on both biodiversity and crop production are impressive. Eventually the paper shows how participatory plant breeding can be developed into ‘evolutionary plant breeding’ to cope in a dynamic way with climate changes.

  17. CASSAVA BREEDING I: THE VALUE OF BREEDING VALUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernán Ceballos

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Breeding cassava relies on several selection stages (single row trial-SRT; preliminary; advanced; and uniform yield trials - UYT. This study uses data from 14 years of evaluations. From more than 20,000 genotypes initially evaluated only 114 reached the last stage. The objective was to assess how the data at SRT could be used to predict the probabilities of genotypes reaching the UYT. Phenotypic data from each genotype at SRT was integrated into the selection index (SIN used by the cassava breeding program. Average SIN from all the progenies derived from each progenitor was then obtained. Average SIN is an approximation of the breeding value of each progenitor. Data clearly suggested that some genotypes were better progenitors than others (e.g. high number of their progenies reaching the UYT, suggesting important variation in breeding values of progenitors. However, regression of average SIN of each parental genotype on the number of their respective progenies reaching UYT resulted in a negligible coefficient of determination (r2 = 0.05. Breeding value (e.g. average SIN at SRT was not efficient predicting which genotypes were more likely to reach the UYT stage. Number of families and progenies derived from a given progenitor were more efficient predicting the probabilities of the progeny from a given parent reaching the UYT stage. Large within-family genetic variation tends to mask the true breeding value of each progenitor. The use of partially inbred progenitors (e.g. S1 or S2 genotypes would reduce the within-family genetic variation thus making the assessment of breeding value more accurate. Moreover, partial inbreeding of progenitors can improve the breeding value of the original (S0 parental material and sharply accelerate genetic gains. For instance, homozygous S1 genotypes for the dominant resistance to cassava mosaic disease could be generated and selected. All gametes from these selected S1 genotypes would carry the desirable allele

  18. Cassava Breeding I: The Value of Breeding Value

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceballos, Hernán; Pérez, Juan C.; Joaqui Barandica, Orlando; Lenis, Jorge I.; Morante, Nelson; Calle, Fernando; Pino, Lizbeth; Hershey, Clair H.

    2016-01-01

    Breeding cassava relies on several selection stages (single row trial-SRT; preliminary; advanced; and uniform yield trials—UYT). This study uses data from 14 years of evaluations. From more than 20,000 genotypes initially evaluated only 114 reached the last stage. The objective was to assess how the data at SRT could be used to predict the probabilities of genotypes reaching the UYT. Phenotypic data from each genotype at SRT was integrated into the selection index (SIN) used by the cassava breeding program. Average SIN from all the progenies derived from each progenitor was then obtained. Average SIN is an approximation of the breeding value of each progenitor. Data clearly suggested that some genotypes were better progenitors than others (e.g., high number of their progenies reaching the UYT), suggesting important variation in breeding values of progenitors. However, regression of average SIN of each parental genotype on the number of their respective progenies reaching UYT resulted in a negligible coefficient of determination (r2 = 0.05). Breeding value (e.g., average SIN) at SRT was not efficient predicting which genotypes were more likely to reach the UYT stage. Number of families and progenies derived from a given progenitor were more efficient predicting the probabilities of the progeny from a given parent reaching the UYT stage. Large within-family genetic variation tends to mask the true breeding value of each progenitor. The use of partially inbred progenitors (e.g., S1 or S2 genotypes) would reduce the within-family genetic variation thus making the assessment of breeding value more accurate. Moreover, partial inbreeding of progenitors can improve the breeding value of the original (S0) parental material and sharply accelerate genetic gains. For instance, homozygous S1 genotypes for the dominant resistance to cassava mosaic disease (CMD) could be generated and selected. All gametes from these selected S1 genotypes would carry the desirable allele and

  19. The Research on risk Management of the Design-Build General Contracting Construction Projects%在设计-施工总承包建设项目中风险管理的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董章增

    2009-01-01

    Design-Build general contracting construction project risk management is an international construction project organization and implementation method.Only by understanding the risk can we better manage risk, through risk identification, assessment, prevention and control, we can maximize the capital-output.%设计-施工总承包建设项目风险管理是国际通行的工程建设项目组织实施方式.只有了解风险才能更好的管理风险,通过风险识别、评估、防范扣控制,达到资本产出最大化.

  20. 从心理契约三维度探寻高校人力资源管理的耦合机制%The Coupling Mechanism of Psychological Contract Dimension for Human Resource Management in Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑传春

    2014-01-01

    The psychological contract,employees and organiz ation on the responsibilities of the parties on the attitude and subjective mental agreement,is a strong determinant of organizational behav ior. Have three dimensions of responsibility,normative interpersonal psychological contract responsibility and development oriented responsibility,to explore the compensation management,labor relations, occupation career planning,training and performance improvement,in order to establish the mechanism of human resources management active.%心理契约是员工与组织间关于双方责任的各种内在信念和主观心理约定,是组织行为强有力的决定因素。就心理契约的规范型责任、人际型责任和发展型责任三个维度,从薪酬管理、劳动关系、职业生涯规划、培训活动和绩效提升方面进行探寻,以期建立积极有效的高校人力资源管理机制。

  1. Research of Project Cost Management System Based on the Target Cost Contract%基于目标成本合同的工程项目成本管理体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈继光

    2016-01-01

    With the constant construction of social engineering, the theory and method of project management also have the rapid development in the process. And the mode of partners' relationships is more advocated. Among them, the target cost contract is a kind of relatively common partnership mode, it can help project contractor and owner to gain better economic benefits. This paper studies the engineering project cost management system of the target cost contract.%随着社会工程的不断建设,工程项目管理的理论以及方法也在此过程中得到了较为快速的发展,且更加倡导合作伙伴的关系模式.其中,目标成本合同则是一种较为常用的伙伴关系模式,能够帮助项目承包商以及业主更好的从中获得经济收益.在本文中,将就基于目标成本合同的工程项目成本管理体系进行一定的研究.

  2. 围绕客户个性化需求提升总承包管理水平%On promotion of general contract management around individualized demands of users

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马生旺

    2012-01-01

    深入研究了围绕客户个性化需求,提升总承包管理水平的方法,通过论述建立以客户为中心的管理理念,积极主动参与和引导项目前期策划,确保客户工期控制需求,满足客户质量控制需求,实现客户投资控制需求等方面内容,将更好地提升国有大型建筑企业总承包、总集成能力,保持可持续和稳定的发展。%The paper studies the individualized demands of users and the methods for promoting the general contract management, and further promotes the general contract and total integration capacity of state-owned large-scale architectural enterprises and maintains the sustainable and stable development by indicating the establishment of the user-centered management idea, taking part in and leading the program planning at the earlier stage actively, guaranteeing the users' demand for the construction period control, meeting the users' demands for the quality control, and realizing users' demands for the investment control.

  3. 48 CFR 833.212 - Contracting officer's duties upon appeal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... AFFAIRS GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS PROTESTS, DISPUTES, AND APPEALS Disputes and Appeals 833.212... construction contracts administered by the Office of Construction and Facilities Management, copies of the... sent to the Director, Office of Construction and Facilities Management.) (b) Within 20 days of receipt...

  4. 76 FR 31998 - Posting of Service Contract Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-02

    ... MANAGEMENT Posting of Service Contract Inventory AGENCY: Office of Personnel Management. ACTION: Notice of... services contracts exceeding $25,000 that were awarded by the agency in Fiscal Year (FY) 2010. The... Appropriations Act, Public Law 111-117, and with a Memorandum from the Office of Federal Procurement Policy...

  5. 大型建设企业多项目管理成熟度影响因素分析%Study on the Influent Factors of Multi-Project Management Maturity for Mega Contracting Construction Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁神军; 张云波; 吴晶晶; 陈伟; 王玉芳

    2015-01-01

    Based on the project management office (PMO),organizational project management maturity model (OPM3), combining with organization structure framework and objective requirement of multi-project management in the mega con-tracting construction enterprise,36 influent factors were firstly identified.Through principal component analysis,the e-valuation index of maturity for multiple project management were built.The influence degree of all variables to the multi-project management maturity was finally analyzed from the perspective of influencing factors and their total influencing coefficient with structure equation model (SEM).The results show that contract management and coordination of strategy level,risk management and financial viability of project portfolio and program,single project management are the key fac-tors,but the enterprise culture and integration ability of multiple projects are not highlighted,market ability is even ig-nored.%基于项目办公室理论、组织及项目管理成熟度模型,根据大型建设企业多项目组织结构框架、多项目管理的战略目标,从组织支持、信息化建设、项目管理3个维度梳理出36个多项目管理成熟度的影响因素。采用主成分分析法,构建大型建设企业多项目管理成熟度评价指标体系。应用结构方程模型,从影响因素及其总效应视角分析各因素的影响程度,并针对性地提出成熟度提升的策略。研究结果表明:大型建设企业多项目管理成熟度的关键在于企业战略层面的多项目组合决策、合同管理及协调能力、财务生存能力和项目层面的控制能力,而项目集成能力及文化建设没有引起高度重视,甚至市场营销能力被忽略。

  6. "Team-Contract-Cooperation of Doctors and Patients" Model in Comprehensive Community Management of Diabetes Mellitus%"团队-契约-医患合作"的糖尿病社区综合管理模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴燕; 杨俊杰; 王菊兰

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the effectiveness and feasibility of "Team - Contract - Cooperation - Between - Doctors - and - Patients" model in comprehensive community management of diabetes mellitus, which is suitable for the condition of China. Methods Totally 400 diabetic patients from five communities in Huangpu District of Guangzhou City , who voluntarily accepted the standardized management, were randomly divided as control and intervention groups, with 200 in each. The patients in the control group underwent their original daily life, with no strengthened intervention management; while those in the intervention group were given strengthened intervention management on the hasis of a signed contract between the management team and the patients and their family member, including management of diet, medication, exercise, psychology, and combined therapy of Chinese medicine and western medicines. One year after the management, the changes of diabetic knowledge and community management scores, and blood glucose control of the two groups were compared. Results Compared with the control group, after the management, the quality of life, diabetic knowledge, scores of various items of community management increased significantly in the intervention group ( P < 0.05 ); and such metabolic indicators as blood sugar were improved significantly ( P<0.05 ) . Conclusion This comprehensive community management of diabetes mellitus. " Team - Contract - Cooper-ation - Between - Doctors - and - Patients" model, has a great effect in improving diabetes knowledge, increasing rate of blood sugar control, and improving quality of life. It is worth popularizing.%目的 探讨适合我国国情的"团队-契约-医患合作"的社区糖尿病综合管理模式的有效性、可行性.方法 将广州市黄埔区南岗街所辖五社区(南岗、荔联、厦园、穗东、沙步)的400例自愿接受规范化管理的糖尿病患者随机分为对照组200例、干预组200例.对照组按

  7. Diet of canvasbacks during breeding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Austin, J.E.; Serie, J.R.; Noyes, J.H.

    1990-01-01

    We examined diets of canvasbacks (Aythya valisineria) breeding in southwestern Manitoba during 1977-81. Percent volume of animal foods consumed did not differ between males and females nor among prenesting, rapid follicle growth, laying, incubation, and renesting periods in females (mean = 50.1%). Tubers and shoots of fennelleaf pondweed (Potamogeton pectinatus) and midge larvae (Chironomidae) were the predominant foods, comprising on average 45% and 23% of the diet volume, respectively. Continued importance of plant foods to canvasbacks throughout reproduction contrasts with the mostly invertebrate diets of other prairie-breeding ducks, and does not fit current theories of nutritional ecology of breeding anatids (i.e., females meet the protein requirements of reproduction by consuming a high proportion of animal foods).

  8. Contracting out local services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Ole Helby; Houlberg, Kurt; Ring Christensen, Lasse

    2015-01-01

    Governments face a fundamental choice between in-house production and contracting out for the delivery of services to citizens. This article examines the importance of ideology, fiscal pressure, and size for contracting out in technical and social services. The analysis builds on a panel data set...... covering municipal spending on services in all 98 Danish municipalities. The authors find that contracting out is shaped by ideology in social services but not in technical services, which indicates that social services are the contemporary ideological battlefield of privatization. The analysis further...... reveals that economically prosperous municipalities are more likely to contract out social services, whereas contracting out of technical services is not influenced by economic affluence. Finally, larger municipalities contract out more in technical services but less in social services, demonstrating...

  9. New staff contract policy

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2006-01-01

    Following discussion at TREF and on the recommendation of the Finance Committee, Council approved a new staff contract policy, which became effective on 1 January 2006. Its application is covered by a new Administrative Circular No. 2 (Rev. 3) 'Recruitment, appointment and possible developments regarding the contractual position of staff members'. The revised circular replaces the previous Circulars No. 9 (Rev. 3) 'Staff contracts' and No. 2 (Rev. 2) 'Guidelines and procedures concerning recruitment and probation period for staff members'. The main features of the new contract policy are as follows: The new policy provides chances for long-term employment for all staff recruits staying for four years without distinguishing between those assigned to long-term or short-term activities when joining CERN. In addition, it presents a number of simplifications for the award of ICs. There are henceforth only 2 types of contract: Limited Duration (LD) contracts for all recruitment and Indefinite Contracts (IC) for...

  10. BOT Outsourcing Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørberg Jensen, Peter D.; Petersen, Bent

    2012-01-01

    Build-operate-transfer (BOT) contracting has been widely usen in the engineering and construction industry, but has only recently been introduced in services industry domains. Notably, service provider firms from emerging markets have recently started offering BOT outsourcing contracts. In this p......Build-operate-transfer (BOT) contracting has been widely usen in the engineering and construction industry, but has only recently been introduced in services industry domains. Notably, service provider firms from emerging markets have recently started offering BOT outsourcing contracts....... In this paper we investigate under which circumstances a BOT outsourcing contract (i.e. a contract where the client firm exercises its call option) is beneficial, or the opposite, to the emerging market vendor firm. We draw on various theoretical literatures (transaction cost economics, real options, inter...

  11. Population dynamics of mallards breeding in eastern Washington

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dugger, Bruce D.; Coluccy, John M.; Dugger, Katie M.; Fox, Trevor T.; Kraege, Donald K.; Petrie, Mark J.

    2016-01-01

    Variation in regional population trends for mallards breeding in the western United States indicates that additional research into factors that influence demographics could contribute to management and understanding the population demographics of mallards across North America. We estimated breeding incidence and adult female, nest, and brood survival in eastern Washington in 2006 and 2007 by monitoring female mallards with radio telemetry and tested how those parameters were influenced by study year (2006 vs. 2007), landscape type (agricultural vs. natural), and age (second year [SY] vs. after second year [ASY]). We also investigated the effects of female body condition and capture date on breeding incidence, and nest initiation date and hatch date on nest and brood survival, respectively. We included population parameters in a stage-based demographic model and conducted a perturbation analysis to identify which vital rates were most influential on population growth rate (λ). Adult female survival was best modeled with a constant weekly survival rate (0.994, SE = 0.003). Breeding incidence differed between years and was higher for birds in better body condition. Nest survival was higher for ASY females (0.276, SE = 0.118) than SY females (0.066, SE = 0.052), and higher on publicly managed lands (0.383, SE = 0.212) than agricultural (0.114, SE = 0.058) landscapes. Brood survival was best modeled with a constant rate for the 7-week monitoring period (0.50, SE = 0.155). The single variable having the greatest influence on λ was non-breeding season survival, but the combination of parameters from the breeding grounds explained a greater percent of the variance in λ. Mallard population growth rate was most sensitive to changes in non-breeding survival, nest success, brood survival, and breeding incidence. Future management decisions should focus on activities that improve these vital rates if managers want to increase the production of

  12. Emperor penguins breeding on iceshelves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fretwell, Peter T; Trathan, Phil N; Wienecke, Barbara; Kooyman, Gerald L

    2014-01-01

    We describe a new breeding behaviour discovered in emperor penguins; utilizing satellite and aerial-survey observations four emperor penguin breeding colonies have been recorded as existing on ice-shelves. Emperors have previously been considered as a sea-ice obligate species, with 44 of the 46 colonies located on sea-ice (the other two small colonies are on land). Of the colonies found on ice-shelves, two are newly discovered, and these have been recorded on shelves every season that they have been observed, the other two have been recorded both on ice-shelves and sea-ice in different breeding seasons. We conduct two analyses; the first using synthetic aperture radar data to assess why the largest of the four colonies, for which we have most data, locates sometimes on the shelf and sometimes on the sea-ice, and find that in years where the sea-ice forms late, the colony relocates onto the ice-shelf. The second analysis uses a number of environmental variables to test the habitat marginality of all emperor penguin breeding sites. We find that three of the four colonies reported in this study are in the most northerly, warmest conditions where sea-ice is often sub-optimal. The emperor penguin's reliance on sea-ice as a breeding platform coupled with recent concerns over changed sea-ice patterns consequent on regional warming, has led to their designation as "near threatened" in the IUCN red list. Current climate models predict that future loss of sea-ice around the Antarctic coastline will negatively impact emperor numbers; recent estimates suggest a halving of the population by 2052. The discovery of this new breeding behaviour at marginal sites could mitigate some of the consequences of sea-ice loss; potential benefits and whether these are permanent or temporary need to be considered and understood before further attempts are made to predict the population trajectory of this iconic species.

  13. Contracting with Private Rewards

    OpenAIRE

    Rene Kirkegaard

    2015-01-01

    I extend the canonical moral hazard model to allow the agent to face endogenous and non-contractible uncertainty. The agent works for the principal and simultaneously pursues private rewards. I establish conditions under which the first-order approach remains valid. The model adds to the literature on intrinsic versus extrinsic motivation. Specifically, to induce higher effort at work the contract may offer higher rewards but flatter incentives. The contract change makes the agent reevaluate ...

  14. Breeding monkeys for biomedical research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourne, G. H.; Golarzdebourne, M. N.; Keeling, M. E.

    1973-01-01

    Captive bred rhesus monkeys show much less pathology than wild born animals. The monkeys may be bred in cages or in an outdoor compound. Cage bred animals are not psychologically normal which makes then unsuited for some types of space related research. Compound breeding provides contact between mother and infant and an opportunity for the infants to play with their peers which are important requirements to help maintain their behavioral integrity. Offspring harvested after a year in the compound appear behaviorally normal and show little histopathology. Compound breeding is also an economical method for the rapid production of young animals. The colony can double its size about every two and a half years.

  15. Sport horses : breeding specialist from a single breeding programme?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rovere, G.A.

    2016-01-01

    Summary The general goal of this thesis was to provide information useful for the breeding programme of the Royal Dutch Warmblood Studbook (KWPN) in relation with the ongoing specialisation of the population. Data provided by KWPN consisted of records from studbook-first inspection,

  16. Development of breeding objectives for beef cattle breeding ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mnr J F Kluyts

    The purpose of this article is to review the development of breeding objectives in beef cattle ... selection criteria, and estimation of phenotypic and genetic parameters. ... Unfortunately, the evolution from a performance .... The beef cattle industry has a history of chasing and promoting maximum values (e.g. maximum weight).

  17. Breed base representation in dairy animals of 5 breeds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inheritance of DNA from different dairy breeds can be determined by genotyping, just as individual ancestors such as parents, grandparents, or even great grandparents can be identified correctly in a high percentage of the cases by genotyping even if not reported or reported incorrectly in pedigrees...

  18. Comparison of molecular breeding values based on within- and across-breed training in beef cattle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kachman, Stephen D; Spangler, Matthew L; Bennett, Gary L; Hanford, Kathryn J; Kuehn, Larry A; Snelling, Warren M; Thallman, R Mark; Saatchi, Mahdi; Garrick, Dorian J; Schnabel, Robert D; Taylor, Jeremy F; Pollak, E John

    2013-08-16

    Although the efficacy of genomic predictors based on within-breed training looks promising, it is necessary to develop and evaluate across-breed predictors for the technology to be fully applied in the beef industry. The efficacies of genomic predictors trained in one breed and utilized to predict genetic merit in differing breeds based on simulation studies have been reported, as have the efficacies of predictors trained using data from multiple breeds to predict the genetic merit of purebreds. However, comparable studies using beef cattle field data have not been reported. Molecular breeding values for weaning and yearling weight were derived and evaluated using a database containing BovineSNP50 genotypes for 7294 animals from 13 breeds in the training set and 2277 animals from seven breeds (Angus, Red Angus, Hereford, Charolais, Gelbvieh, Limousin, and Simmental) in the evaluation set. Six single-breed and four across-breed genomic predictors were trained using pooled data from purebred animals. Molecular breeding values were evaluated using field data, including genotypes for 2227 animals and phenotypic records of animals born in 2008 or later. Accuracies of molecular breeding values were estimated based on the genetic correlation between the molecular breeding value and trait phenotype. With one exception, the estimated genetic correlations of within-breed molecular breeding values with trait phenotype were greater than 0.28 when evaluated in the breed used for training. Most estimated genetic correlations for the across-breed trained molecular breeding values were moderate (> 0.30). When molecular breeding values were evaluated in breeds that were not in the training set, estimated genetic correlations clustered around zero. Even for closely related breeds, within- or across-breed trained molecular breeding values have limited prediction accuracy for breeds that were not in the training set. For breeds in the training set, across- and within-breed trained

  19. 48 CFR 46.309 - Research and development contracts (short form).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Research and development... REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.309 Research and development contracts... Development (Short Form), in solicitations and contracts for research and development when the clause...

  20. 78 FR 20089 - Public Availability of FY 2012 Service Contract Inventories

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-03

    ... Office of Procurement and Property Management Public Availability of FY 2012 Service Contract Inventories.... ACTION: Notice of public availability of FY 2012 Service Contract inventories. SUMMARY: In accordance... Service Contract inventory. This inventory provides information on FY 2012 service contract actions...

  1. The Breeding Ecology of White-faced Ibis in the Carson River Basin, Nevada

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — To ensure long-term breeding population viability of White-faced Ibis, it may be necessary to develop local water management strategies with consideration of habitat...

  2. Review of major sweetpotato pests in Japan, with information on resistance breeding programs

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Okada, Yoshihiro; Kobayashi, Akira; Tabuchi, Hiroaki; Kuranouchi, Toshikazu

    2017-01-01

    .... In this review, we describe the current status and management options for sweetpotato pests and diseases in Japan and review research related to sweetpotato breeding that can promote resistance to these problems...

  3. An Empirical Study of the Contracting Officer Representative’s Social Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    technical POCs for the task orders, contract administrator, contracting officer, Director of Business Operations, onsite Project Manager . 3. I don’t...contracting office personnel and Director of Business Operations. Primarily email and in person communication with project manager . Occasional, as needed...COR part of actually managing the contract and then there’s the paperwork that follows in there. And I have to give credit… VCE , I love it. I

  4. INFORMATION GATHERING, DELEGATED CONTRACTING AND CORPORATE HIERARCHIES

    OpenAIRE

    Chongwoo Choe; In-Uck Park

    2008-01-01

    In a typical corporate hierarchy, the manager is delegated the authority to make strategic decisions, and to contract with other employees. We study when such delegation can be optimal. In centralization, the owner retains the authority, which fails to motivate the manager to acquire valuable information, leading to suboptimal decisions and inefficient incentive provision to the worker. Beneficial delegation should necessarily motivate the manager to acquire information, which is possible onl...

  5. 48 CFR 970.3770 - Facilities management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Facilities management. 970... REGULATIONS DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS Facilities Management Contracting 970.3770 Facilities management....

  6. The evolution of potato breeding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potato cultivars in most regions of the world are tetraploid and clonally propagated. For over a century, the breeding strategy has been phenotypic recurrent selection. However, the polyploid nature of the crop prevents breeders from eliminating deleterious alleles and assembling positive alleles fo...

  7. Rose breeding: past, present, prospects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vries, de D.P.; Dubois, L.A.M.

    1996-01-01

    In this review the PAST, PRESENT and PROSPECT will be considered as three separate periods in the history of the breeding and development of rose cultivars. The recurring theme is the genetic variation. This theme was chosen because there is justified doubt as to sufficient genetic variation

  8. Rose breeding: past, present, prospects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vries, de D.P.; Dubois, L.A.M.

    1996-01-01

    In this review the PAST, PRESENT and PROSPECT will be considered as three separate periods in the history of the breeding and development of rose cultivars. The recurring theme is the genetic variation. This theme was chosen because there is justified doubt as to sufficient genetic variation availab

  9. Accuracies of genomically estimated breeding values from pure-breed and across-breed predictions in Australian beef cattle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boerner, Vinzent; Johnston, David J; Tier, Bruce

    2014-10-24

    The major obstacles for the implementation of genomic selection in Australian beef cattle are the variety of breeds and in general, small numbers of genotyped and phenotyped individuals per breed. The Australian Beef Cooperative Research Center (Beef CRC) investigated these issues by deriving genomic prediction equations (PE) from a training set of animals that covers a range of breeds and crosses including Angus, Murray Grey, Shorthorn, Hereford, Brahman, Belmont Red, Santa Gertrudis and Tropical Composite. This paper presents accuracies of genomically estimated breeding values (GEBV) that were calculated from these PE in the commercial pure-breed beef cattle seed stock sector. PE derived by the Beef CRC from multi-breed and pure-breed training populations were applied to genotyped Angus, Limousin and Brahman sires and young animals, but with no pure-breed Limousin in the training population. The accuracy of the resulting GEBV was assessed by their genetic correlation to their phenotypic target trait in a bi-variate REML approach that models GEBV as trait observations. Accuracies of most GEBV for Angus and Brahman were between 0.1 and 0.4, with accuracies for abattoir carcass traits generally greater than for live animal body composition traits and reproduction traits. Estimated accuracies greater than 0.5 were only observed for Brahman abattoir carcass traits and for Angus carcass rib fat. Averaged across traits within breeds, accuracies of GEBV were highest when PE from the pooled across-breed training population were used. However, for the Angus and Brahman breeds the difference in accuracy from using pure-breed PE was small. For the Limousin breed no reasonable results could be achieved for any trait. Although accuracies were generally low compared to published accuracies estimated within breeds, they are in line with those derived in other multi-breed populations. Thus PE developed by the Beef CRC can contribute to the implementation of genomic selection in

  10. Democratic contract law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hesselink, M.W.

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the normative relationship between contract law and democracy. In particular, it argues that in order to be legitimate contract law needs to have a democratic basis. Private law is not different in this respect from public law. Thus, the first claim made in this article will

  11. Contracting for Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scholtes, Peter R.

    1975-01-01

    An organizational workshop for staff members focused on organizational change through identification of problems, one-to-one communication, and the writing of contracts for behavioral change. Contract forming assists members to agree on definition of problems, to involve and commit themselves, and to define processes for change. (EA)

  12. Whither Performance Contracting?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Norman S.

    This report describes briefly performance contracts; discusses their shortcomings, pitfalls, and advantages; and gives some insight into the future development of this new concept. Two shortcomings of performance contracting include (1) teaching to the test and (2) board abdication of its responsibility for making final decisions about educational…

  13. U.S. Army Contracting CommandRock Island Needs to Improve Contracting Officers Representative Training and Appointment for Contingency Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-07-10

    Contracting Command–Rock Island (ACC–RI) awarded a firm-fixed price, indefinite-delivery indefinite-quantity contract W52P1J-15-D-0001 to Crowley Logistics ...operations in Liberia and Senegal. The scope of PWS B included: o task order management; o inbound material control; o warehousing; o receiving...The Under Secretary of Defense, Acquisition, Technology and Logistics memorandum, “DoD Standard for Certification of Contracting Officer’s

  14. 基于心理契约的基金经理激励机制分类设计%Research on the Classification of Incentive Mechanism about Money Managers Based on Psychological Contract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王健; 庄新田

    2011-01-01

    已有的基金经理激励机制研究多假定激励对象的心理和需求是同质的,忽视了对基金经理异质性特征的分析.这与实际的经济活动并不相符合.本文通过建立数学模型,将心理契约理论引入基金经理激励问题研究.结果表明,在信息对称条件下,即基金经理的不同心理需求能够被辨别时,应依据其心理契约类型,分类设计激励机制;在信息非对称条件下,即基金经理的不同心理需求无法被辨别时,应依据基金经理特征,如风险厌恶程度、工作成本、投资能力,及其所管理基金的风险大小和外部市场环境的变化方向,分类设计激励机制.并且,在多代理人环境下,基金经理间的合作程度也将对激励机制设计产生影响.本研究不仅是对已有基金经理激励机制研究的拓展与完善,使之更接近现实,也从心理契约视角为解决基金经理激励问题提供了新思路.%This paper applies the psychological contract theory to resolve the money managers' incentives problem. By setting up the principle-agent model, firstly, the paper classifies the incentive mechanism about money managers according to the money managers' psychological contract under the symmetric information condition; Secondly, under the asymmetric information condition, the paper researches the classification of incentive mechanism about money managers according to their external feature, such as the risk preference, the cost of the job, the ability of investment and the risk of the fund, and the vary direction of the market environment; Finally, by extending to muti-agent, the paper reviews the impact of the cooperation of money managers on their incentive mechanisms. This research not only makes up the standard principle-agent theory, but also provides new ideas for motivation system design of money managers.

  15. Discussion on safety management of nuclear power engineering in general contracting mode%总承包模式下核电工程安全管理相关问题探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵显; 刘勃

    2014-01-01

    The characteristics of safety management on nuclear power engineering in general contracting mode, which were different from the common construction projects, were analyzed.Then the main problems in current safety management of nuclear power engineering construction were put forward, such as lagging of relevant laws and regulations, the contradiction between expansion of nuclear power construction project and lack of human resources, the labor subcontracting system and safety problems brought by its working personnel, and passive regulation of safety production costs etc.These problems would directly impact the existing work safety defense line, and bring unprecedented challenge to safety management work of general contractor.So the suggestions and countermeasures were put forward, including that the relevant government departments should publish the relevant laws and regula-tions about general contracting of project as soon as possible, the general contractor should fully integrate on-site safety management resources, strengthen the safety management on subcontractors, strengthen safety training of the labor service personnel, and explore the management mode of work safety costs.%首先分析了总承包模式下核电工程建设不同于一般建设工程安全管理的特点,提出目前工作中存在的主要问题,包括相关法律法规的滞后、核电建设工程扩张与人力资源不足之间的矛盾、劳务分包体制及其作业人员引起的相关问题以及安全生产费用监管被动等,这些都直接冲击现有的安全生产防线,并给总承包单位安全管理工作带来前所未有的挑战。为此,提出以下建议和对策措施:有关部门尽快出台总承包工程相关法律法规;总承包单位应充分整合现场安全管理资源,加大对分包单位安全管理力度,加强劳务作业人员安全培训,探索安全生产费用管理模式等。

  16. Conservation priorities for Ethiopian sheep breeds combining threat status, breed merits and contributions to genetic diversity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Windig Jack J

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Prioritizing livestock breeds for conservation needs to incorporate both genetic and non-genetic aspects important for the survival of the breeds. Here, we apply a maximum-utility-strategy to prioritize 14 traditional Ethiopian sheep breeds based on their threat status, contributions to farmer livelihoods (current breed merits and contributions to genetic diversity. Contributions of the breeds to genetic diversity were quantified using Eding's marker-estimated kinship approaches. Non-genetic aspects included threats (e.g. low population size, low preferences by farmers and current merits (economic, ecological and cultural merits. Threat analysis identified eight of the 14 breeds as threatened. Analysis of current merits showed that sub-alpine and arid-lowland breeds contribute most to farmer livelihoods in comparison to other breeds. The highest contribution to the genetic diversity conserved was from the Simien breed. Simien showed high between-breed (low between-breed kinship = 0.04 as well as high within-breed diversity (low within-breed kinship = 0.09 and high HE = 0.73 and allelic richness = 6.83. We combined the results on threat status, current breed merits and contributions to genetic diversity to produce a ranking of the 14 breeds for conservation purposes. Our results balance the trade-offs between conserving breeds as insurance against future uncertainties and current sustainable utilization. The ranking of breeds provides a basis for conservation strategies for Ethiopian sheep and contributes to a regional or global conservation plan.

  17. Signaling in muscle contraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuo, Ivana Y; Ehrlich, Barbara E

    2015-02-02

    Signaling pathways regulate contraction of striated (skeletal and cardiac) and smooth muscle. Although these are similar, there are striking differences in the pathways that can be attributed to the distinct functional roles of the different muscle types. Muscles contract in response to depolarization, activation of G-protein-coupled receptors and other stimuli. The actomyosin fibers responsible for contraction require an increase in the cytosolic levels of calcium, which signaling pathways induce by promoting influx from extracellular sources or release from intracellular stores. Rises in cytosolic calcium stimulate numerous downstream calcium-dependent signaling pathways, which can also regulate contraction. Alterations to the signaling pathways that initiate and sustain contraction and relaxation occur as a consequence of exercise and pathophysiological conditions.

  18. Contribution to contract theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pantelić Svetlana

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Oliver Hart and Bengt Holmstrom share the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences for 2016, awarded to them by Sveriges Riksbank. They have been rewarded for their work in enhancing the design of contracts, i.e. arrangements connecting employers with employees or companies with clients, in other words, for their contribution to contract theory in the 1970s and 1980s. Their analysis of optimal contractual arrangements lays an intellectual foundation for designing policies and institutions in many areas, from bankruptcy legislation to political constitutions. Hart is an expert in contract theory, theory of the firm, corporate finance, and law and economics. His contribution to contract theory is exquisite when it comes to designing contracts which cover eventualities that cannot be precisely specified in advance.

  19. Cost analysis helps evaluate contract profitability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sides, R W

    2000-02-01

    A cost-accounting analysis can help group practices assess their costs of doing business and determine the profitability of managed care contracts. Group practices also can use cost accounting to develop budgets and financial benchmarks. To begin a cost analysis, group practices need to determine their revenue and cost centers. Then they can allocate their costs to each center, using an appropriate allocation basis. The next step is to calculate costs per procedure. The results can be used to evaluate operational cost efficiency as well as help negotiate managed care contracts.

  20. Native Pig and Chicken Breed Database: NPCDB.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, Hyeon-Soo; Kim, Dae-Won; Chun, Se-Yoon; Sung, Samsun; Kim, Hyeon-Jeong; Cho, Seoae; Kim, Heebal; Oh, Sung-Jong

    2014-10-01

    Indigenous (native) breeds of livestock have higher disease resistance and adaptation to the environment due to high genetic diversity. Even though their extinction rate is accelerated due to the increase of commercial breeds, natural disaster, and civil war, there is a lack of well-established databases for the native breeds. Thus, we constructed the native pig and chicken breed database (NPCDB) which integrates available information on the breeds from around the world. It is a nonprofit public database aimed to provide information on the genetic resources of indigenous pig and chicken breeds for their conservation. The NPCDB (http://npcdb.snu.ac.kr/) provides the phenotypic information and population size of each breed as well as its specific habitat. In addition, it provides information on the distribution of genetic resources across the country. The database will contribute to understanding of the breed's characteristics such as disease resistance and adaptation to environmental changes as well as the conservation of indigenous genetic resources.