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Sample records for consumption los neumaticos

  1. The tires and their effect in fuel consumption; Los neumaticos y su efecto en el consumo de combustible

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barjau Peralta, Emilio; Fernandez Ramirez, Adrian; Maldonado Susano, Armando [Comision Nacional para el Ahorro de Energia, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

    1999-07-01

    In this paper are presented some of the impacts that the tire has in the fuel consumption in the light vehicles as well as in the heavy ones; emphasis is made in the measures that can be taken to diminish this effect and some of the results of the investigations or experiences obtained in other countries are also presented. Also mention is made of the most frequent faults of the tires and the cause of the same ones. This affects not so much the life of the tire as the operation cost, but also it involves energy costs when having to invest energy in the manufacture of new tires. [Spanish] En este trabajo se presentan algunas de los impactos que tienen el neumatico en el consumo de combustible en los vehiculos tanto ligeros como pesados, se hace enfasis en las medidas que pueden ser tomadas para disminuir este efecto y se muestran algunos resultados de las investigaciones o experiencias obtenidas en otros paises. Tambien se hace mencion de las fallas mas frecuentes en los neumaticos y la causa de las mismas. Esto afecta tanto la vida del neumatico como el costo de operacion, pero tambien involucra costos energeticos al tener que invertir energia en la fabricacion de neumaticos nuevos.

  2. Recommendations to prevention, recovery and disposal of used tires; Recomendacion para la prevencion, recuperacion y disposicion de los neumaticos usados

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-06-01

    Every year the European Union produces 2.000.000 tm of used tires. Most of them are disposed in sanitary landfills. the tires are not hazardous wastes and can be used as raw material for different uses. (Author)

  3. Alcohol outlet density and alcohol consumption in Los Angeles county and southern Louisiana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthias Schonlau

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between alcohol availability, as measured by the density of off-premise alcohol outlets, and alcohol consumption in Los Angeles county and southern Louisiana, USA. Consumption information was collected through a telephone survey of 2,881 households in Los Angeles county and pre-Katrina southern Louisiana, nested within 220 census tracts. Respondents’ addresses were geo-coded and both neighbourhood (census tracts and buffers of varying sizes and individual (network distance to the closest alcohol outlet estimates of off-sale alcohol outlet density were computed. Alcohol outlet density was not associated with the percentage of people who were drinkers in either site. Alcohol outlet density was associated with the quantity of consumption among drinkers in Louisiana but not in Los Angeles. Outlet density within a one-mile buffer of the respondent’s home was more strongly associated with alcohol consumption than outlet density in the respondent’s census tract. The conclusion is that the relationship between neighbourhood alcohol outlet density and alcohol consumption is complex and may vary due to differences in neighbourhood design and travel patterns.

  4. Baseline research for action: adolescent alcohol consumption in Los Palacios Municipality, Cuba.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díaz, Yolanda; Espinosa, Yairelis

    2013-04-01

    In Cuba, alcohol is an important contributor to morbidity, mortality and social problems. The foundation of Cuba's universal primary health care coverage, family doctor-and-nurse offices play a critical role in prevention, early detection and treatment of alcohol abuse. Los Palacios Municipality of the westernmost province of Pinar del Río, Cuba, is a socially complex, periurban area where alcohol abuse and alcoholism have been identified as important health problems. Adolescents constitute a population at high risk for alcohol abuse because of their receptivity to social influences, but the precise extent of the problem is unknown. This paper reports baseline findings from a survey and direct observation of alcohol consumption in the catchment area of a primary care center, conducted to inform planning for an educational intervention. KEYWORDS Alcohol, alcoholism, alcohol abuse, alcohol dependence, adolescence, primary health care, Cuba.

  5. Development of urban water consumption models for the City of Los Angeles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mini, C.; Hogue, T. S.; Pincetl, S.

    2011-12-01

    Population growth and rapid urbanization coupled with uncertain climate change are causing new challenges for meeting urban water needs. In arid and semi-arid regions, increasing drought periods and decreasing precipitation have led to water supply shortages and cities are struggling with trade-offs between the water needs of growing urban populations and the well-being of urban ecosystems. The goal of the current research is to build models that can represent urban water use patterns in semi-arid cities by identifying the determinants that control both total and outdoor residential water use over the Los Angeles urban domain. The initial database contains monthly water use records aggregated to the zip code level collected from the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP) from 2000 to 2010. Residential water use was normalized per capita and was correlated with socio-demographic, economic, climatic and vegetation characteristics across the City for the 2000-2010 period. Results show that ethnicity, per capita income, and the average number of persons per household are linearly related to total water use per capita. Inter-annual differences in precipitation and implementation of conservation measures affect water use levels across the City. The high variability in water use patterns across the City also appears strongly influenced by income and education levels. The temporal analysis of vegetation indices in the studied neighborhoods shows little correlation between precipitation patterns and vegetation greenness. Urban vegetation appears well-watered, presenting the same greenness activity over the study period despite an overall decrease in water use across the City. We hypothesize that over-watering is occurring and that outdoor water use represents a significant part of the residential water budget in various regions of the City. A multiple regression model has been developed that integrates these fundamental controlling factors to simulate residential

  6. Some possible uses of radioisotopes in the rubber industry; Certaines possibilites d'emploi des radioisotopes dans l'industrie du caoutchouc; Nekotorye vozmozhnosti ispol'zovaniya radioaktivnykh izotopov v rezinovoj promyshlennosti; Algunas posibilidades de utilizacion de los radioisotopos en la industria del caucho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shimorda, J; Mozhishek, M; Klimanek, L; Staroba, J [Nauchno-Issledovatel' skij Institut Tekhnologii Reziny i Plastmass (NIITRP), Gorod Gotval' dov, Chekhoslovatskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika (Czech Republic)

    1962-01-15

    A method is described for using beta-emitters (Tl{sup 204} and S{sup 35}) for measuring the wearing qualities of motor-vehicle tyres, checking the homogeneity of tyre rubber, and non-contact thickness-gauging of rubberized fabrics. (author) [French] Le memoire expose une methode permettant d'employer des emetteurs beta ({sup 204}Tl et {sup 35}S) pour la mesure de la resistance des pneumatiques d'automobiles, le controle de l'uniformite du caoutchouc des pneus et la mesure sans contact de l'epaisseur des tissus caoutchoutes. (author) [Spanish] Los autores describen un metodo de utilizacion de emisores {beta} ({sup 204}Tl y {sup 35}S) para la medicion de la resistencia al desgaste de los neumaticos de automovil para la verificacion de la homogeneidad del caucho destinado a la fabricacion de neumaticos y para la medicion a distancia del espesor de las telas cauchutadas. (author) [Russian] Opisana metodika ispol'zovaniya beta-izluchatelej (Tl{sup 204} i S{sup 35}) dlya izmereniya velichiny iznosostojkosti avtomobil'nykh shin, dlya kontrolya gomogennosti shinnykh rezin i dlya beskontaktnogo izmereniya tolshchiny obrezinennykh tkanej. (author)

  7. Motivaciones para el consumo de tabaco entre los adolescentes de un instituto urbano Motivations for tobacco consumption among adolescents in an urban high school

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    Alejandro Pérez-Milena

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Conocer las motivaciones (actitudes, creencias y experiencias de los adolescentes para el consumo de tabaco. Método: Diseño cualitativo con videograbación de seis grupos de discusión (6-8 adolescentes, 50 minutos, curso escolar 2008/09. Muestreo intencional de adolescentes (12-18 años de un instituto urbano de clase media (Jaén-España, usando el nivel educativo como criterio de homogeneidad y el sexo/consumo como criterio de heterogeneidad. Análisis de contenido: codificación, triangulación de categorías y obtención/verificación de resultados. Resultados: Cuarenta y cuatro adolescentes, 54% varones. Fumar relaja y mejora la imagen personal: da seguridad (chicos y mejora las relaciones con el sexo opuesto, además de controlar el peso (chicas. La familia favorece el tabaquismo por imitación de comportamientos, aunque no lo normaliza. Los amigos constituyen un grupo de presión para el inicio/mantenimiento del consumo. El inicio de la educación secundaria marca el principio del consumo experimental. La sociedad suele normalizar el consumo y es fácil para los menores de edad comprar tabaco. Los universitarios son un modelo a seguir, con libertad para el consumo. Piden ejemplo de abstinencia a progenitores y educadores/sanitarios, dicen estar bien informados, pero recuerdan sólo mensajes impactantes. De forma unánime indican que el tabaco provoca adicción, pero de manera proporcional al tiempo de consumo; sólo les preocupan los síntomas inmediatos provocados por el tabaquismo. Los adolescentes fumadores relacionan el policonsumo con los momentos de ocio. Conclusiones: El estudio aporta motivos potencialmente útiles para mejorar la intervención antitabaco en los adolescentes. La influencia de los amigos, las actitudes parentales, la accesibilidad al tabaco y los síntomas de dependencia parecen ser los factores más relevantes.Objective: To determine the motivations (attitudes, beliefs and experiences for tobacco

  8. Los Millennials y el consumo de café: el caso de Costa Rica. (The Millennials and coffee consumption: the case of Costa Rica

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    Juan Antonio Aguirre González

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Resumen La generación Y, o millennials, parece ser clave en el futuro consumo de café. El objetivo de este estudio es conocer las razones que motivan a los millennials a consumir esta bebida. La investigación fue hecha mediante una encuesta telefónica a 1199 personas. De esta encuesta fueron segregadas 395 personas, o sea, las correspondientes a quienes se encontraban entre los 18 y 29 años de edad, es decir los millennials. Los resultados muestran que los factores que estarían determinando el consumo de café son: el género, el efecto energizante, la marca, cuánto paga y la familia; por otra parte, como fuentes de información se tiene: la televisión, las redes sociales, la radio, las revistas y la familia. Factores como el aroma y la calidad resultan importantes para los millennials, quienes parecen estar dispuestos a pagar por ellos. El efecto energizante es el segundo aspecto importante después del género, y está relacionado con la salud. El consumidor estudiado parece buscar una experiencia de consumo en lugar de una simple socialización. Cómo se puede lograr esta experiencia es el reto que enfrentará la industria en los próximos años.   Abstract Generation Y seems to be key in the future consumption of coffee. The aim of the study is to determine the reasons behind their coffee consumption. The survey was done via telephone. A group of 395 surveys, composed by 18 to 29 years old interviewees, was segregated from a larger number of surveys. The results show that the most important factors in determining coffee consumption are: gender, energizing effect, brand, price paid and family; and, as sources of information, television, social networks, radio, magazines and family. Aroma and quality are also important to millennials, who are willing to pay for them. Gender is the most important factor, followed by the energizing effect. The health effect is present in a very clear fashion. The millennial consumer seems to seek an

  9. Facilitators and barriers to implementing a local policy to reduce sodium consumption in the County of Los Angeles government, California, 2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gase, Lauren N; Kuo, Tony; Dunet, Diane O; Simon, Paul A

    2011-03-01

    This qualitative study explores facilitators and barriers to a proposed food procurement policy that would require food purchasers, distributors, and vendors of food service in the County of Los Angeles government to meet specified nutrition standards, including limits on sodium content. We conducted 30 key informant interviews. Interviewees represented 18 organizations from the County of Los Angeles government departments that purchased, distributed, or sold food; public and private non-County entities that had previously implemented food procurement policies in their organizations; and large organizations that catered food to the County. Study participants reported 3 key facilitators: their organization's authority to impose nutrition standards, their organization's desire to provide nutritious food, and the opportunity to build on existing nutrition policies. Eight key barriers were identified: 1) unique features among food service settings, 2) costs and unavailability of low-sodium foods, 3) complexity of food service arrangements, 4) lack of consumer demand for low-sodium foods, 5) undesirable taste of low-sodium foods, 6) preference for prepackaged products, 7) lack of knowledge and experience in operationalizing sodium standards, and 8) existing multiyear contracts that are difficult to change. Despite perceived barriers, several participants indicated that their organizations have successfully implemented nutritional standards that include limits on sodium. Developing or changing policies for procuring food represents a potentially feasible strategy for reducing sodium consumption in food service venues controlled by the County of Los Angeles. The facilitators and barriers identified here can inform the formulation, adoption, implementation, and evaluation of sodium reduction policies in other jurisdictions.

  10. Changes of Dietary Pattern, Food Choice, Food Consumption, Nutrient Intake and Body Mass Index of Korean American College Students with Different Length of Residence in the Los Angeles Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Nam; Tam, Chick F.; Poon, George; Lew, Polong; Kim, Samuel Saychang; Kim, James C.; Kim, Rachel Byungsook

    2010-01-01

    This study was to investigate how dietary pattern, food choice, food consumption, nutrient intake and body mass index (BMI) vary with length of residence for Korean American college students. The respondents were 60 Korean American residents living in the Los Angeles Area. They were divided into two groups based on the length of stay in the U.S.:…

  11. Impacto de un programa de control en los consumos de antibióticos en pacientes quirúrgicos Impact of a control program on the antimicrobial consumption by surgical patients

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    Rafael Pinilla González

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: los antimicrobianos son un recurso terapéutico esencial en pacientes quirúrgicos, los cuales frecuentemente son utilizados de forma inapropiada.Objetivo: demostrar los cambios en los patrones de consumo de antimicrobianos relacionados con un programa de control. Métodos: se realizó un estudio de intervención en los servicios quirúrgicos del Hospital Docente Clinicoquirúrgico "Joaquín Albarrán"desde mayo 2008 a diciembre 2010, el cual incluyó evaluaciones de calidad de prescripción y retroalimentación al equipo asistencial, sesiones educacionales, revisión de las políticas de uso de antimicrobianos y consulta con el comité de antibióticos. Se registran los consumos mensuales de antimicrobianos utilizados expresados en dosis prescritas por 1 000 días pacientes (DDP. Resultados: los antibióticos más utilizados fueron las cefalosporinas, metronidazol, ciprofloxacina, penicilinas y cotrimoxazol. Se destaca el mayor consumo de ceftriaxona (94,4 DDP y cefazolina (88,3 DDP, con evidente disminución en los consumos de cefalosporinas de primera, tercera y cuarta generación, mientras que la cefuroxima incrementa los consumos desde 23,8 (2008 a 35,7 DDP (2010. La penicilina sódica (36,0 DDP, amoxicillina (7,2 DDP y la amoxicillina con sulbactam (5,8 DDP constituyen las penicilinas más utilizadas. Disminuyen los consumos de metronidazol de 312,4 a 75,7 DDP, de ciprofloxacina de 220,8 a 52,4 DDP, de cloranfenicol de 27,9 a 3,5 DDP y de cotrimoxazol de 99,4 a 26,6 DDP, en los años 2008 y 2010 respectivamente. Conclusión: es evidente que el programa de control implementado en los servicios quirúrgicos ha producido cambios en los patrones de consumo lo que evidencia mejora en la calidad de prescripción.Introduction: Antimicrobials is an essential therapeutic resource in surgical patients, but they are frequently used in an inappropriate way. Objective: To demonstrate the changes in the antimicrobial consumption patterns

  12. Weather impact on the electric energy consumption of domestic users; Impacto del clima en el consumo de energia electrica en los usuarios domesticos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramos Niembro, Gaudencio; Fiscal Escalante, Raul [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca (Mexico)

    1998-12-31

    It is said that when an energy saving and efficient use of energy program is implemented it must be a business for three: the user, the society and the electric utility. In respect to the user, his decision making is quite simple: is it cheaper or more expensive for me?. Unfortunately in many cases we want a very short return time or the money needed for the initial investment is not available. For instance, and incandescent bulb is several times less expensive than a compact fluorescent lamp, but if we make the calculation on the life-time and on the power consumption reduction of the compact fluorescent lamp, we can conclude that this one is more economic. The benefit for the society can be seen under many different aspects, being the most important the natural resources conservation and the environment. From the stand point of the utility the heavier possible factors are the postponement of the investments and the system reliability. When some of the programs of the Demand Side Management (DSM) are applied, the utilities support or promote non financially profitable but improve their image before the user, on creating a consciousness in the saving and in the efficient use of energy: a short term investment is made and a long term revenue is obtained. For this reason for an optimum selection and implementation the saving and the efficient use of electric energy measures a detailed knowledge of the consumption way is required. In this paper the importance of monitoring the way the different type of users employ the energy in order to make up decisions on DSM programs in many different scenarios: cities, type of users, income level, etc. is shown. [Espanol] Se dice que cuando se implementa un programa de ahorro y uso eficiente de la energia electrica, debe ser negocio para tres: el usuario, la sociedad y la empresa electrica. En lo que respecta al usuario, su toma de decision es muy simple: me resulta mas barato o mas caro. Desafortunadamente en muchos de los casos

  13. Weather impact on the electric energy consumption of domestic users; Impacto del clima en el consumo de energia electrica en los usuarios domesticos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramos Niembro, Gaudencio; Fiscal Escalante, Raul [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca (Mexico)

    1999-12-31

    It is said that when an energy saving and efficient use of energy program is implemented it must be a business for three: the user, the society and the electric utility. In respect to the user, his decision making is quite simple: is it cheaper or more expensive for me?. Unfortunately in many cases we want a very short return time or the money needed for the initial investment is not available. For instance, and incandescent bulb is several times less expensive than a compact fluorescent lamp, but if we make the calculation on the life-time and on the power consumption reduction of the compact fluorescent lamp, we can conclude that this one is more economic. The benefit for the society can be seen under many different aspects, being the most important the natural resources conservation and the environment. From the stand point of the utility the heavier possible factors are the postponement of the investments and the system reliability. When some of the programs of the Demand Side Management (DSM) are applied, the utilities support or promote non financially profitable but improve their image before the user, on creating a consciousness in the saving and in the efficient use of energy: a short term investment is made and a long term revenue is obtained. For this reason for an optimum selection and implementation the saving and the efficient use of electric energy measures a detailed knowledge of the consumption way is required. In this paper the importance of monitoring the way the different type of users employ the energy in order to make up decisions on DSM programs in many different scenarios: cities, type of users, income level, etc. is shown. [Espanol] Se dice que cuando se implementa un programa de ahorro y uso eficiente de la energia electrica, debe ser negocio para tres: el usuario, la sociedad y la empresa electrica. En lo que respecta al usuario, su toma de decision es muy simple: me resulta mas barato o mas caro. Desafortunadamente en muchos de los casos

  14. Effect of free-base cacaine consumption (basuca on phagocytic and microbicidal functions of polymorphonuclear neutrophils Efecto del consumo de basuca sobre las función fagocítica y microbicida de los polimorfonucleares neutrófilos

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    Lavive Rebage

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available

    The effect of free.base cocaine consumption on the phagocytic and microbicidal capabilities of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN was studied in habitual users and in ex-users of this substance. The opsonic capability of their sera was also determined. Results showed a normal response in all these activities when compared with cells and sera of healthy non-users. Mean percentages of bacteria associated with PMNs of users and controls, using sera of with PMNs of users, 52.9 with those of ex-users, and 49.7 and 53.8 with cells of the respective controls. Percentages of destruction of bacteria associated with PMNs in normal serum were as follows: 47.2 for users; 50.5 for ex-users, and 44.5 and 51.6 for their respective controls.

     

    Although the habitual consumption of free-base cocaine did not affect the phagocytic and microbicidal capabilities of peripheral blood PMNs, it is important to determine the effects of this substance on neutrophils and macrophages of the bronchoalveolar region, since these are the cells that receive maximum exposure to the drug during consumption.

    Se Investigó el efecto del consumo de basuca sobre la capacidad fagocitica y mcrobicida de los polimorfonucleares neutrófilos (PMN en Individuos consumidores y ex-consumidores habituales de esta sustancia y se determinó, además, la capacidad opsónica de sus sueros. Los resultados mostraron una respuesta normal en todas estas actividades, en comparación con células y sueros de individuos controles sanos, no consumidores de drogas de ningún tipo. Los promedios de los porcentajes de bacterias asociadas a los PMN de los consumidores y de sus controles, utilizando sueros de

  15. Riesgos y consecuencias de las prácticas sexuales en adolescentes bajo los efectos de alcohol y otras drogas Risks and consequences of the sexual practices in adolescents under the effects of alcohol and other drug consumption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Castaño Pérez

    2013-03-01

    = 561 bajo el efecto de las drogas, el 12,47 % no han usado métodos de protección, y las consecuencias más significativas han sido las infecciones de trasmisión sexual (2,0 % y el embarazo no deseado (2,8 %. No se encontró asociación estadísticamente significativa (p= 0,711 entre tener relaciones sexuales bajo el efecto de alcohol o estar sobrios, y el uso de métodos de protección. Conclusiones: se constata lo evidenciado en otras investigaciones, sobre la frecuente asociación entre el consumo de drogas y las prácticas sexuales en adolescentes. Lo que aporta de nuevo este estudio, es dar cuenta del tipo de prácticas bajo el efecto de sustancias psicoactivas, muchas de ellas no exentas de riesgo, y reforzar la necesidad de incluir en los programas de prevención para sexo seguro, acciones para minimizar los daños de tener prácticas sexuales bajo el efecto de sustancias psicoactivas.Introduction: sexuality, and alcohol and drug consumption by adolescents currently appear as high priority issues for the public health. The concern lies in reducing the risks of sexually transmitted infections, the human immunodeficiency virus and the early unwanted pregnancies. Objectives: to analyze the sexual behaviors under the effect of alcohol and other drug consumption and the inherent risks in adolescents living in Medellin city. Methods: the sample was selected through the random and cluster probabilistic method. The universe of study covered the total number of 8th, 9th, 10th and 11th students from the public and private schools of Medellin in 2010. The age of the 91 857 students ranged 14 to 17 years. The final sample included 955 students, using a 95 % confidence interval. A cross-sectional descriptive study was designed to find out the sexual practices and risks of adolescents under the influence of alcohol and other drug consumption. The SPSS program, version 19.0 served to set frequencies, percentages and statistical associations. Results: taking alcohol or other

  16. LOS INMIGRANTES ANTE LA PUBLICIDAD ESPECIALIZADA Y SU INCIDENCIA EN SU INTEGRACIÓN Y CONSUMO / SPECIALIZED ADVERTISING AND ITS IMPACT ON INTEGRATION AND CONSUMPTION IN IMMIGRANTS

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    Jessica Zorogastua Camacho

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The arrival of immigration to Spain produced very significant changes, especially in the field of communication, as around this social phenomenon were born new ethnic media as well as specialized advertising, made by Spanish companies, to capture a New customer, without prior knowledge of the brands in the country. This article analyzes this new communicative scenario, studying the approach of the companies to these new consumers and collecting the opinion of the immigrants about the advertising specially directed to them, taking into account the incidence on their habits of consumption, motivations or valuation of immigrant characters in the advertising claims. In this sense, this research try to know the influence of persuasive communication, both in its behavior as consumer, as in the construction of its own identity as well as in the process of integration in society, which can be seen to advance positively.

  17. The functional roles of herbivores in the rocky intertidal systems in Chile: A review of food preferences and consumptive effects Los roles funcionales de los herbívoros en sistemas intermareales rocosos en Chile: Una revisión de las preferencias alimenticias y efectos de consumo

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    MOISÉS A AGUILERA

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews recent knowledge about the functional roles that herbivores have in intertidal communities in Chile. Specifically, I review field and laboratory studies dealing with the food preferences of herbivores, the responses of algae to herbivore attacks and reports of negative and positive functional effects of herbivores on algal populations and communities. Most herbivores studied are characterized as generalist species. Green ephemeral and a few corticated algae dominate diets, while all species considered ingest larvae and post-metamorphic stages of invertebrates challenging classical characterizations of the herbivore guild. Functional redundancy and complementarity within the herbivore guild is discussed in relation to both quantitative and qualitative evidence. The magnitude of consumptive per capita effects of herbivores on algae can be related, although not entirely, to body size. Feeding mode can determine differential species participation in different phases and stages of community succession. Positive effects of herbivores on algae via spore dispersion, and also compensatory potential after consumption, appear to match the classical model of the "grazing optimization hypothesis". Only one species that form "gardens" is reported, suggesting a lack of information regarding behavioural aspects of abundant taxa from intertidal habitats in Chile. According to variation in oceanographic conditions and thermal regimes along the coast of Chile, geographical variation in functional effects of herbivores and thereby shifts in the herbivore-algae balance is expected. Future studies should consider the functional relationship within the herbivore guild at different temporal and spatial scales, and compensatory potential after species loss. Whether herbivore species have either redundant or complementary roles in intertidal communities can help us to understand the intensity and direction of human impacts in both community structure

  18. Canción popular, nacionalismo, consumo y política en Chile entre los años 40 y 60 Popular Music, Nationalism Consumption and Politics in Chile during the 1940's and 1960s

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    Tânia da Costa Garcia

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available La canción popular urbana constituye una manifestación cultural típicamente moderna. Su producción, circulación y consumo se confunden con el proceso de urbanización y con la disponibilidad de recursos tecnológicos. Transmitida por los medios de comunicación de masas, al llegar a un público bastante más amplio que los receptores locales, no demoró, dentro de la lógica de mercado, para traducirse en un importante vector de homogeneización cultural. El objetivo de este artículo es diseñar un mapa de las conexiones entre música folclórica, canción popular, formación y consolidación de un mercado consumidor y los usos políticos de la música popular chilena por parte de diferentes sectores de esta sociedad entre los años 40 y 60, período en el que las artes estuvieron relacionadas con las luchas de las representaciones en torno de la identidad nacional en diferentes países de América Latina.Popular urban music is a typically modern cultural event. Its production, distribution and consumption occurred during the process of urbanization of Chile and in a period ofgrowing a vailability of technological resources. The broadcasting by the mass media allowed popular urban music to reach a larger audience than the local public. Therefore it didnot take long time for popular urban music to become a means of cultural homogenization within the parameters of the market system of production and distribution of music, in Chile. This article aims to map the connections between folk music and popular music, with the formation and consolidation ofa consumer market for music in Chile. Besides it considers the use of popular music in the forfties and the sixties as a political tool by different groups ofthe Chilean society, during a time when arts were considered within the controversies about the national identity that aróse in different Latín American countries.

  19. Evaluación de los patrones alimentarios y la nutrición en cuatro comunidades rurales Evaluation of the food consumption and nutrition in 4 rural communities

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    Judith Aguirre-Arenas

    1998-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Estudiar el efecto del cambio agrícola y del subsecuente cambio social sobre la situación nutricional en cuatro comunidades de diferentes regiones y climas de México, las que desde el inicio de los años setenta cambiaron la agricultura tradicional de maíz por el cultivo comercial de sorgo. Material y métodos. Se volvió a aplicar una encuesta dietética y nutricional (1996 para evaluar el cambio en hábitos de consumo y el estado de nutrición de los niños de cuatro comunidades que habían sido estudiadas 12 años antes (1984. Resultados. La alimentación continuó diversificándose con mejor calidad proteica, el consumo de alimentos industrializados aumentó y el de maíz bajó. En promedio el estado nutricional de los niños mejoró, a pesar de que desde el punto de vista agrícola el cultivo comercial de sorgo entró en crisis y las comunidades han vuelto parcialmente a cultivar maíz, a diversificar la producción o a abandonarla migrando. Conclusiones. A pesar de, primero, haber dejado el cultivo tradicional de maíz y, después, de haber tenido problemas con el cultivo comercial de sorgo, las comunidades han seguido mejorando sus condiciones nutricionales. No obstante, dicha mejoría se debe, sobre todo, a su capacidad para llevar a la práctica estrategias de sobrevivencia, a la ayuda económica que les brinda la población que emigra y a una mejor disponibilidad alimentaria.Objective. To study the effect of agricultural change and subsequent social change on the nutritional situation of 4 communities of different regions and climates, that since the 70´s have changed from traditional corn production to commercial sorghum production. Material and methods. A new dietetic and clinical survey (1996 was performed to follow-up the changes in the 4 communities studied 12 years before (1984. Results. The food consumption pattern continued changing, with more dietary diversification, better protein quality and less corn

  20. Los Neutrinos Los Neutrinos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julián Félix

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available From all the proposals to understand the structure of matter, and the way the natural world is conformed, the one about neutrinos is the most enigmatic, abstract, and foreign to immediate experience; however, this is the one that has delved more deeply over the nearly eighty years since it was formulated by Wolfgang Pauli –in 1930- as a radical proposition to understand nucleon decay, and the decay of other particles, without the violation of the principle of conservation of energy and momentum at subatomic level. This proposition has evolved through the years, and from Pauli’s original idea only the basic elements remain.This article contains the tale of the hypothesis of neutrinos, its early history, its evolution up to present day, and the efforts done nowadays to study them. In summary, this is the physics of neutrinos. De todas las propuestas para entender la estructura de la materia, y la conformación del mundo natural, los neutrinos es la más enigmática, abstracta, y ajena a la experiencia inmediata; sin embargo, es la que más hondo ha ido calando a lo largo de los ya casi ochenta años de haber sido formulada por Wolfgang Pauli –en el año 1930- como una medida radical para entender el decaimiento de los nucleones, y otras partículas, sin que se violara el principio de la conservación de la energía y del momento a nivel subatómico. La propuesta ha evolucionado a lo largo de los años, y de la idea original de Pauli ya sólo lo básico permanece. En este artículo está el relato de la hipótesis de los neutrinos, su historia primera, su evolución hasta el presente, los esfuerzos que en la actualidad se realizan para estudiarlos. En breve, ésta es la física de los neutrinos.

  1. Sustainable Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Røpke, Inge

    2015-01-01

    The intention of this chapter is to explore the role of consumption and consumers in relation to sustainability transition processes and wider systemic transformations. In contrast to the individualistic focus in much research on sustainable consumption, the embeddedness of consumption activities...... in wider social, economic and technological frameworks is emphasised. In particular, the chapter is inspired by practice theory and transition theory. First, various trends in consumption are outlined to highlight some of the challenges for sustainability transitions. Then, it is discussed how consumption...... patterns are shaped over time and what should be considered in sustainability strategies. While discussions on consumption often take their point of departure in the perspective of the individual and then zoom to the wider context, the present approach is the opposite. The outline starts with the basic...

  2. Incertidumbre de la medición de masa en la determinación de los parámetros de consumo de electrodos de recargue Measurement uncertainty of mass in the determination of the consumption parameters of hardfacing electrodes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosenda Valdés Arencibia

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo presenta la evaluación de la incertidumbre de las mediciones realizadas para la determinación de los parámetros de consumo de electrodos de recargue, dando énfasis a la medición de masa. Para ello fueron realizados tres depósitos a tres niveles de corriente (120 A, 145 A y 160 A, respectivamente, registrándose el tiempo de soldadura, la longitud del cordón, así como la masa inicial y final de las probetas y de los electrodos. A partir de los datos anteriores fueron determinados los parámetros de consumo. Fue calculada la incertidumbre asociada a la masa de las probetas, a la masa consumida del electrodo, a la masa depositada y a los parámetros de consumo. Al finalizar el trabajo se comprobó que el rendimiento del depósito muestra un comportamiento decreciente con la corriente, siendo el mejor resultado de (74,12 % para una corriente de soldadura de 120 A. Los valores de incertidumbre expandida para el rendimiento varían entre 1,47 % y 2,41 %, para la tasa de consumo fueron obtenidos valores entre 0,4 g/min y 0,6 g/min, mientras que para la tasa de deposición la incertidumbre varía de 0,6 g/min a 0,7 g/min.This work presents the evaluation of the uncertainty of the measurements to determine the consumption parameters of hardfacing electrode, emphasizing the mass measurement. The experimentation was carried out obtaining deposits at three levels of current (120 A, 145 A y 160 A and measuring the time spent in welding, the length of the welds the test plate and electrode mass (initial and final. Based on these results, the consumption parameters were also determined. The uncertainty related to the measurements the mass of the samples, the mass consumption of the electrode, the deposited mass and consumption parameters was determined. The results showed that the deposition efficiency increase as a function of the current, turning the best result (74.12 % at 120 A. The expanded measurement uncertainty associated to

  3. Impacto de un programa de control en los consumos de antibióticos en pacientes quirúrgicos Impact of a control program on the antimicrobial consumption by surgical patients

    OpenAIRE

    Rafael Pinilla González; Juan J Pisonero Socías; Humberto Guanche Garcell; Irene Fiterre Lancis; Ioanna Mir Narbona; Raimy Enseñat Sánchez

    2013-01-01

    Introducción: los antimicrobianos son un recurso terapéutico esencial en pacientes quirúrgicos, los cuales frecuentemente son utilizados de forma inapropiada.Objetivo: demostrar los cambios en los patrones de consumo de antimicrobianos relacionados con un programa de control. Métodos: se realizó un estudio de intervención en los servicios quirúrgicos del Hospital Docente Clinicoquirúrgico "Joaquín Albarrán"desde mayo 2008 a diciembre 2010, el cual incluyó evaluaciones de calidad de prescripci...

  4. Assembling consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Assembling Consumption marks a definitive step in the institutionalisation of qualitative business research. By gathering leading scholars and educators who study markets, marketing and consumption through the lenses of philosophy, sociology and anthropology, this book clarifies and applies...... the investigative tools offered by assemblage theory, actor-network theory and non-representational theory. Clear theoretical explanation and methodological innovation, alongside empirical applications of these emerging frameworks will offer readers new and refreshing perspectives on consumer culture and market...... societies. This is an essential reading for both seasoned scholars and advanced students of markets, economies and social forms of consumption....

  5. Collaborative Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjerdrum Pedersen, Esben Rahbek; Netter, Sarah

    2015-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore barriers and opportunities for business models based on the ideas of collaborative consumption within the fashion industry. Design/methodology/approach – The analysis is based on a multiple-case study of Scandinavian fashion libraries – a new...... to the new phenomenon of fashion libraries and does not cover other types of collaborative consumption within the fashion industry (Swap-parties, etc.). Originality/value – The paper is one of the first attempts to examine new business models of collaborative consumption in general and the fashion library...... concept in particular. The study contributes to the discussions of whether and how fashion sharing and collaboration holds promise as a viable business model and as a means to promote sustainability....

  6. Collaborative Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjerdrum Pedersen, Esben Rahbek; Netter, Sarah

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore barriers and opportunities for business models based on the ideas of collaborative consumption within the fashion industry. Design/methodology/approach: The analysis is based on a multiple-­‐‑case study of Scandinavian fashion libraries – a new...... to the new phenomenon of fashion libraries and does not cover other types of collaborative consumption within the fashion industry (Swap-­‐‑parties, etc.). Originality/value: The paper is one of the first attempts to examine new business models of collaborative consumption in general and the fashion library...... concept in particular. The study contributes to the discussions of whether and how fashion sharing and collaboration holds promise as a viable business model and as a means to promote sustainability....

  7. Positioning consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Halkier, Bente; Keller, Margit

    2014-01-01

    positionings emerges based on empirical examples of research in parent–children consumption. Positionings are flexible discursive fixations of the relationship between the performances of the practitioner, other practitioners, media discourse and consumption activities. The basic positioning types...... are the practice maintenance and the practice change position, with different sorts of adapting in between. Media discourse can become a resource for a resistant position against social control or for an appropriating position in favour of space for action. Regardless of the current relation to a particular media......This article analyses the ways in which media discourses become a part of contested consumption activities. We apply a positioning perspective with practice theory to focus on how practitioners relate to media discourse as a symbolic resource in their everyday practices. A typology of performance...

  8. Lean consumption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Womack, James P; Jones, Daniel T

    2005-03-01

    During the past 20 years, the real price of most consumer goods has fallen worldwide, the variety of goods and the range of sales channels offering them have continued to grow, and product quality has steadily improved. So why is consumption often so frustrating? It doesn't have to be--and shouldn't be--the authors say. They argue that it's time to apply lean thinking to the processes of consumption--to give consumers the full value they want from goods and services with the greatest efficiency and the least pain. Companies may think they save time and money by off-loading work to the consumer but, in fact, the opposite is true. By streamlining their systems for providing goods and services, and by making it easier for customers to buy and use those products and services, a growing number of companies are actually lowering costs while saving everyone time. In the process, these businesses are learning more about their customers, strengthening consumer loyalty, and attracting new customers who are defecting from less user-friendly competitors. The challenge lies with the retailers, service providers, manufacturers, and suppliers that are not used to looking at total cost from the standpoint of the consumer and even less accustomed to working with customers to optimize the consumption process. Lean consumption requires a fundamental shift in the way companies think about the relationship between provision and consumption, and the role their customers play in these processes. It also requires consumers to change the nature of their relationships with the companies they patronize. Lean production has clearly triumphed over similar obstacles in recent years to become the dominant global manufacturing model. Lean consumption, its logical companion, can't be far behind.

  9. Unsustainable Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thøgersen, John

    2014-01-01

    Our dominant way of living is not sustainable and our activities as private individuals and households directly and indirectly account for a large and increasing share of total environmental impacts. These impacts are related to the structure as well as the level of consumption. In this article, ...

  10. Consumption bomb.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, P

    1999-01-01

    This article focuses on the issue of consumption in relation to the growing world population. Over the past 25 years, world population increased by 53%, while world consumption per person increased by only 39%. If consumption continues to grow at 1.4%, the world consumption per person will rise by 100% over the next 50 years with the population increasing by only half that amount. The burden of reducing the environmental impact brought about by this increase lies on technology. Technology needs to deliver major changes in improving resource productivity, and decreasing the amount of waste created. Productivity such as global food production has kept up with demand. Malnutrition persists due to poverty, and not because of the inability of the world to produce enough food. However, the prospects are much worse for resources that are not traded on markets or subject to sustainable management such as groundwater, state forests, ocean fish, and communal waste sinks like rivers, lakes, and the global atmosphere. These resources are not under the direct control of people affected by shortage. People who want to change the way these resources are used or managed have to pass through the legal or political system. Usually, political responses are slow and there has to be a very widespread environmental damage before action is taken.

  11. Transdisciplinary Consumption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sue L.T. McGregor

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available For the past 100 years, research about consumption has stemmed from two main disciplines: (a consumer studies/consumer sciences (including consumer policy and education (a spin off from home economics and (b consumer behaviour research (a spin off from marketing. This paper focuses on these two disciplines because the results of their respective research are used to shape consumer policy and consumer protection legislation and regulations, marketplace competition policy and regulations, consumer product and service information, media coverage of consumer issues, consumer education curricula and pedagogy, and insights into an evolving consumer culture. This paper asks consumer studies/sciences and consumer behaviour scholars to embrace the transdisciplinary methodology in addition to the traditional empirical, interpretive and critical methodologies. It provides an overview of the four axioms of transdisciplinary methodology with examples to illustrate how consumer-related research would change to address the complex reality of 21st century consumption.

  12. Collaborative Consumption

    OpenAIRE

    Rahbek Gjerdrum Pedersen, Esben; Netter, Sarah

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore barriers and opportunities for business models based on the ideas of collaborative consumption within the fashion industry. Design/methodology/approach: The analysis is based on a multiple-­‐‑case study of Scandinavian fashion libraries – a new, clothes-­‐‑sharing concept that has emerged as a fashion niche within the last decade. Findings: It is concluded that fashion libraries offers interesting perspectives, e.g. by allow...

  13. Efecto del consumo de diferentes dosis de café filtrado sobre los niveles plasmáticos de homocisteína y presión arterial en un grupo de voluntarios sanos Effect of consumption of different doses of filtered coffee on homocysteine plasma levels and blood pressure in a group of healthy volunteers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gloria M Agudelo O

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available No está claro si el consumo de café afecta la presión arterial y los niveles de homocisteína. El objetivo fue determinar el cambio en las concentraciones plasmáticas de homocisteína y presión arterial en un grupo de voluntarios sanos. Se realizó un estudio prospectivo, clínico controlado, en el que se conformaron cuatro grupos de 29 sujetos cada uno, quienes, durante un período de seis semanas, se sometieron al consumo diario de café filtrado. El grupo 1 no consumió café, el grupo 2 consumió 200 mL de café, el grupo 3 400 mL y el 4 600 mL. Antes de la intervención se midieron: presión arterial, homocisteína, índice arterial, ácido fólico eritrocitario y vitaminas B12 y B6. Al final de la intervención, se tomó la presión arterial y se midió la concentración de homocisteína. Los resultados mostraron grupos sin diferencias significativas en las condiciones basales. Después de la intervención, el cambio en los valores de homocisteína entre los grupos, no mostró diferencia significativa y permanecieron dentro de los valores de referencia (p = 0,098. El cambio en los niveles de presión arterial sistólica y diastólica, no fue significativo (p=0,510 y 0,430 respectivamente. En conclusión, el consumo de diferentes dosis de café filtrado, no mostró cambios significativos en los niveles séricos de homocisteína como tampoco en los niveles de presión arterial sistólica y diastólica en un grupo de sujetos sanos normotensos; en el grupo que se abstuvo de tomar café, no disminuyeron de manera significativa los niveles de homocisteína y presión arterial.It is not clear if coffee consumption affects blood pressure and homocysteine levels. The objective of this study was to determine the variations in homocysteine plasma levels and blood pressure in a group of healthy volunteers. A prospective controlled clinical trial was performed; four groups of 29 patients each one were comprised and they were submitted to filtered

  14. Los insomnios

    OpenAIRE

    Takeuchi Tan, Yuri; Fundación Valle de Lili

    1998-01-01

    Los insomnios/El sueño normal/Otros trastornos de sueño que producen insomnio pero también hipersomnio (excesiva somnolencia diurna)/Manejo y tratamiento de los insomnios/Higiene del sueño/Instrucciones para la higiene del sueño/Técnicas conductuales/Terapia farmacológica.

  15. Flexible Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm Jacobsen, Peter; Pallesen, Trine

    This report presents the first findings from our qualitative study of consumer behaviour vis-à-vis flexible consumption. The main of objective of this report is to present our first round of data from Bornholm, and to assist the design of products/services designed in WP6. In the report, we adopt...... the perspective of the consumer: what does living in a demand response setup look like to participants – and what kinds of behaviour and interest motivate – and emerge from – their participation in EcoGrid 2.0....

  16. Consumption governance toward more sustainable consumption

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wahlen, S.; Dubuisson-Quellier, Sophie

    2018-01-01

    This article deliberates on strategies of consumption governance toward more sustainable consumption. We discuss theoretical concepts stemming from various social science perspectives to (1) promote more sustainable consumption, (2) compare strategies stemming from individualist understanding of

  17. Los Cactos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Paredes Antonio

    1942-12-01

    Full Text Available El Cacto Cactus es uno de los géneros de plantas de la familia de las Cacteas Nopaleas que contiene muchas especies y variedades todas de formas extrañas, propias de la América intertropical y que habitan en los climas fríos y templados, en terrenos secos y estériles, desde el norte de Méjico hasta la Patagonia. Algunos cactos se cultivan por sus frutos que son sanosy sabrosos, otros como plantas ornamentales en los parques y jardines, otros como auxiliares para la industria, como los nopales en los que se cría la Cochinilla, insecto de la familia de los Hemípteros que produce la laca o carmín, materia colorante indispensable en la pintura al óleo y la acuarela, y por último, hoy están en moda y se cultivan con esmero una gran variedad de diminutos cactos exóticosque se mantienen sobre arena húmeda en pequeñas maceteras de porcelana, en los lugares más visibles de las habitaciones.

  18. Consumo de drogas lícitas e ilícitas en Chile: resultados del estudio de 1998 y comparación con los estudios de 1994 y 1996 Consumption of licit and illicit drugs in Chile: results of the 1998 study and comparison with the 1994 and 1996 studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Fuentealba

    2000-02-01

    de inicio en el consumo de drogas se situó en los 17 años para el alcohol, en los 15 para el tabaco, en los 30 para los ansiolíticos, en los 17 para la marihuana, en los 20 para la pasta base de cocaína y en los 21 para el clorhidrato de cocaína. La comparación de los resultados de los tres estudios realizados por el CONACE muestra que, tras el aumento del consumo de drogas lícitas registrado entre 1994 y 1996, se produjo una estabilización en 1998, mientras que para el consumo de drogas ilícitas hubo un ligero aumento entre 1996 y 1998, tras la ligera disminución observada entre 1994 y 1996.The principal results are presented here from the Third National Study of the Consumption of Drugs, which was carried out in Chile by the National Board for Narcotics Control between 1 September 1998 and 15 January 1999. The 1998 study used the same methodological design as the first and second studies, which were done in 1994 and 1996. The 1998 study expanded the sample to 31 665 individuals, who were representative of a population of 6 940 727 people from 12 to 64 years old, both sexes, and five socioeconomic levels and who were residents of urban areas in 62 commune administrative divisions of the 13 regions of the country. Results from the 1998 study are compared with those from 1996 and 1994. The 1998 study shows that 17.5% of Chileans have at some time in their life used one of the three illicit drugs most popular in the country: marijuana (16.8%, coca paste (2.3%, and cocaine hydrochloride (4.0%. The prevalence of use of any of the three drugs, mainly marijuana, during the preceding year was 5.3% and during the preceding month 2.2%. With respect to licit drugs, 28.4% of Chileans have at some time in their lives used antianxiety drugs, 84.4% of them have consumed alcohol, and 71.9% have used tobacco. Most of the people who once used illegal drugs have stopped doing so: 71.6% in the case of marijuana, 64.1% with coca paste, and 66.8% with cocaine hydrochloride. For

  19. Consumer attitudes, knowledge, and behavior related to salt consumption in sentinel countries of the Americas Actitudes, conocimientos y comportamiento de los consumidores en relación con el consumo de sal en países centinelas de la Región de las Américas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Moreira Claro

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To describe individual attitudes, knowledge, and behavior regarding salt intake, its dietary sources, and current food-labeling practices related to salt and sodium in five sentinel countries of the Americas. METHODS: A convenience sample of 1 992 adults (≥ 18 years old from Argentina, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, and Ecuador (approximately 400 from each country was obtained between September 2010 and February 2011. Data collection was conducted in shopping malls or major commercial areas using a questionnaire containing 33 questions. Descriptive estimates are presented for the total sample and stratified by country and sociodemographic characteristics of the studied population. RESULTS: Almost 90% of participants associated excess intake of salt with the occurrence of adverse health conditions, more than 60% indicated they were trying to reduce their current intake of salt, and more than 30% believed reducing dietary salt to be of high importance. Only 26% of participants claimed to know the existence of a recommended maximum value of salt or sodium intake and 47% of them stated they knew the content of salt in food items. More than 80% of participants said that they would like food labeling to indicate high, medium, and low levels of salt or sodium and would like to see a clear warning label on packages of foods high in salt. CONCLUSIONS: Additional effort is required to increase consumers' knowledge about the existence of a maximum limit for intake and to improve their capacity to accurately monitor and reduce their personal salt consumption.OBJETIVO: Describir las actitudes, los conocimientos y el comportamiento individuales con respecto al consumo de sal, sus fuentes alimentarias, y las prácticas actuales de etiquetado de alimentos en relación con su contenido en sal y sodio en cinco países centinelas de la Región de las Américas. MÉTODOS: De septiembre del 2010 a febrero del 2011, se obtuvo una muestra de conveniencia de 1

  20. Sustainable consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prothero, Andrea; Dobscha, Susan; Freund, Jim

    2011-01-01

    This essay explores sustainable consumption and considers possible roles for marketing and consumer researchers and public policy makers in addressing the many sustainability challenges that pervade our planet. Future research approaches to this interdisciplinary topic need to be comprehensive...... and systematic and will benefit from a variety of different perspectives. There are a number of opportunities for future research, and three areas are explored in detail. First, the essay considers the inconsistency between the attitudes and behaviors of consumers with respect to sustainability; next, the agenda...... is broadened to explore the role of individual citizens in society; and finally, a macro institutional approach to fostering sustainability is explored. Each of these areas is examined in detail and possible research avenues and public policy initiatives are considered within each of these separate...

  1. los aprendizajes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graciela Pérez Rivera

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available En este documento se presentan algunos resultados, obtenidos hasta el momento, de un estudio sobre las prácticas de evaluación de profesores universitarios. El propósito del estudio es participar en la búsqueda de las relaciones existentes entre los conceptos y las prácticas educativas, en este caso de evaluación. Se identifican las principales tendencias en cuanto a la concepción de la evaluación del aprendizaje y las funciones que se le otorgan, los propósitos con los que se evalúa, los objetos o contenidos a evaluar, las formas en que se lleva a cabo la evaluación y el uso que se da a los resultados. Identificar cuáles son las tendencias de las prácticas de evaluación en nuestras aulas universitarias representa un paso que puede ayudar a cuidar que este proceso tan importante recobre su papel formativo para todos aquellos quienes participamos en los procesos educativos; además, representa la posibilidad de construir formas para lograr mejorar nuestra labor docente en general, y en particular, nuestra práctica evaluativa.

  2. Consumption dreams: how night dreams reveal the colonization of subjectivity by the imaginary of consumerism Sueños de consumo: cómo los sueños revelan la colonización de la subjetividad por el imaginario de consumo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marlon Xavier

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In this article I offer an overview of my doctoral dissertation, which studied the social imaginary of consumerism, and the psychological subjectivity it produces, through the dream - as both a leitmotif or thematic lens, and the empirical object of research. For such I employed an interdisciplinary exploratory outlook, whose theoretical framework first discusses the symbolic imaginaries (G. Durand and their relations with the unconscious psyche, dream, imagination, and subjectivity (C. G. Jung, and then explores their relationships with consumption (Baudrillard, Bauman and its semiotic imaginaries and ideology, focusing on the concepts of consumption dreams and dream-worlds of consumption. The main research aim was to explore how night dreams represent the colonization of subjectivity by the imaginary of consumerism. The method consisted in a multiple-case study in which each night dream was taken as a case and interpreted through Jungian hermeneutics. Findings stress that night dreams can offer a deep sociocultural critique; in them the imaginary of consumption appeared as a totalizing mass ideology engendering colonization of both symbolic imaginaries and the subject and her unconscious psyche. Conclusions emphasize such colonization as an anthropological mutation - the progressive commodification and dehumanization of the subject.En este articulo describo a grandes rasgos mi tesis doctoral, que investigó el imaginario social del consumismo, y el sujeto psicológico que el mismo produce, a través del sueño - como leitmotif o lente temática y como objeto de investigación empírica. Para eso desarrolla un abordaje exploratorio interdisciplinar, cuyo marco teórico discute primero los imaginarios simbólicos (G. Durand y sus relaciones con la psique inconsciente, sueño, imaginación y subjetividad (C. G. Jung, de manera a explorar sus interrelaciones con el consumo (Baudrillard, Bauman y sus imaginarios semióticos e ideología, enfocando

  3. Consumo de suplementos nutricionais por frequentadores de academias da cidade de Porto Alegre Consumo de suplementos nutricionales por los frecuentadores de las academias de la ciudad de Porto Alegre Consumption of nutritional supplements among individuals in Porto Alegre's fitness centers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Trussardi Fayh

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do estudo foi verificar a prevalência do uso de suplementos alimentares nas academias da cidade de Porto Alegre. Foram entrevistados 316 indivíduos com idade entre 18-59 anos. A abordagem foi por voluntariedade, em 22 academias da cidade. Observou-se um expressivo uso de suplementos nutricionais pelos participantes (28,8%, e os homens utilizam mais suplementos do que as mulheres (pEl objetivo del estúdio fue verificar la prevalencia de la utilizacíon de suplementos dietéticos en las academias de la ciudad de Porto Alegre. Fueron entrevistadas 316 personas con edad entre 18 y 59 años. La abordaje fue por voluntariedad en 22 academias de la ciudad. Se ha observado un expresivo uso de suplementos nutricionales por los participantes (28,8%, y los hombres utilizan más los suplementos que las mujeres (pThe aim of this study was to verify the prevalence of the use of food supplements at fitness centers in the city of Porto Alegre. Were interviewed 316 individuals at an age range between 18 and 59. Individuals participated voluntarily in 22 fitness centers in the city. The study has revealed a significant use of nutritional supplements by the participants (28.8% and men intake more supplements than women (p<0.05. The most common supplements reported in the study were those mainly based on proteins, which are mainly chosen because of suggestions made by physical educators. The high intake of nutritional supplements indicates the necessity of alerting the population about the risks related to the inappropriate use of nutritional supplements.

  4. Autoeficacia y actitud hacia el consumo de drogas en la infancia: explorando los conceptos Autoeficácia e atitude frente ao consumo de drogas na infância: explorando conceitos Self-efficacy and attitudes towards drug consumption in childhood: exploring concepts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dora Stella Melo Hurtado

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es explorar los conceptos de autoeficacia y actitud hacia el consumo, los que fueron analizados bajo la teoría de la motivación y la conducta humana. Se trata de una reflexión teórica, construida con base en la literatura. Altos niveles de autoeficacia tienen consecuencias beneficiosas para el funcionamiento del individuo. Frente a la actitud hacia las drogas se encontró que la presencia o ausencia de prejuicios y las valoraciones positivas sobre las drogas facilitan el riesgo o perjudican la protección de consumo. Se concluye que el profesional de enfermería debe aplicar los conceptos de autoeficacia y actitud hacia el consumo para orientar las acciones de promoción de la salud y prevención del consumo de drogas en niños y adolescentes.O objetivo deste trabalho foi explorar os conceitos de autoeficácia e de atitude frente ao consumo de drogas, derivados da teoria da motivação e do comportamento humano. Trata-se de reflexão teórica, construída com base na literatura. Altos níveis de autoeficácia têm consequências benéficas para o funcionamento do indivíduo. Em relação à atitude para o consumo das drogas, a presença ou ausência de preconceitos e valores positivos frente às drogas facilitam o risco ou proteção para o consumo. Conclui-se que o enfermeiro deve aplicar os conceitos de autoeficácia e a atitude para o consumo para orientar as ações de promoção de saúde e prevenção do consumo de drogas nos escolares.This paper aims to explore the concepts of self-efficacy and attitude towards consumption, approached by the theory of motivation and human behavior. This is a theoretical study based on literature. High levels of self-efficacy have beneficial consequences for the functioning of the individual. Concerning attitudes towards drugs, the presence or absence of preconceptions and positive values of drugs increases risk or consumer protection. Nurses should apply the concepts of

  5. Profiles of Information Consumption and Production of CIEMAT Researches within the Period 2005-2007; Perfiles de Consumo y Produccion de Informacion de los Investigadores del CIEMAT durante el Periodo 2005-2007

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanz, C.

    2010-03-03

    Given the importance of scientific and technological evaluation in the current international scene, the goal is to show CIEMAT researchers' profiles on information consumption and production through different biblio metric indicators, mainly quantitative. Taking further steps based on this data, margins of coincidence on both patterns will be carefully checked not only from a group perspective but also on an individual scale, in the most widely used scientific journals. This analysis shall reveal the information needs of researchers for the future design of documentary strategies. (Author) 21 refs.

  6. Profiles of Information Consumption and Production of CIEMAT Researches within the Period 2005-2007; Perfiles de Consumo y Produccion de Informacion de los Investigadores del CIEMAT durante el Periodo 2005-2007

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanz, C

    2010-03-03

    Given the importance of scientific and technological evaluation in the current international scene, the goal is to show CIEMAT researchers' profiles on information consumption and production through different biblio metric indicators, mainly quantitative. Taking further steps based on this data, margins of coincidence on both patterns will be carefully checked not only from a group perspective but also on an individual scale, in the most widely used scientific journals. This analysis shall reveal the information needs of researchers for the future design of documentary strategies. (Author) 21 refs.

  7. Percepción de padres y profesores de los factores de riesgo para el uso de drogas lícitas e ilicitas en los escolares Percepção de pais e profesores dos fatores de risco para o uso de drogas lícitas e ilícitas entre escolares Parents and teachers perception of the risky factors for legal and ilegal drugs consumption among students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fátima Morán Sánchez

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo tuvo el objetivo de conocer y analizar la percepción de los padres y profesores sobre los factores de riesgo que inciden en los escolares para el uso de drogas lícitas e ilícitas. El enfoque metodológico es cualitativo, de tipo descriptivo exploratorio, con la modalidad de estudio de caso. La muestra fue de 8 padres y 8 profesores del 5to,6to y7mo grado básicos de la escuela fiscal mixta "Carmen Navarro Wither" de Ecuador-Guayaquil. Para obtener los datos se utilizó la técnica de grupo focales y la observación participativa, se hizo el análisis de contenido temático. Durante el desarrollo de los grupos focales se observó preocupación e interés sobre el tema por parte de los padres y profesores, quienes perciben como factores de riesgo: La situación económica de la familia, que obliga a la emigración de los padres, la influencia del medio que lo rodea y el desconocimiento de los padres y profesores sobre el tema drogas. Además desean conocer con respecto a la prevención del consumo de drogas para crear resiliencia en los niños ante su presencia.Este estudo se realizou com o objetivo de conhecer e analisar a percepção de pais e professores sobre os fatores de risco que incidem sobre jovens em idade escolar para o uso de drogas lícitas e ilícitas. É um estudo qualitativo do tipo descritivo e exploratório através de um estudo de caso. A amostra foi constituída por 8 professores das 5ª, 6ª e 7ª séries do ensino básico da escola fiscal mista "Carmen Navarro Wither" do Equador - Guayaquil. A coleção de dados foi realizada mediante a técnica dos grupos focais e a observação participante. O conteúdo temático foi analisado. Durante o desenvolvimento dos grupos focais, observamos entre os pais e professores preocupações e interesse no tema. Os fatores de risco percebidos por eles são: Situação econômica da família, que torna a emigração dos pais obrigatória; a influência do ambiente e a

  8. Consumo de drogas en los jóvenes de la ciudad de Guayaquil, Ecuador Consumo de drogas em jovens da cidade de Guayaquil, Equador Drug consumption in young people in Guayaquil City, Ecuador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Riofrío Guillén

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de esta investigación fue conocer las causas predominantes y el tipo de droga que más consumen los jóvenes de 10 a 18 años que ingresaron en una institución que acoge niños infractores de una ciudad del Ecuador. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo y cualitativo, cuya recolección de datos ocurrió mediante entrevista semiestructurada e individual. Participaron diez jóvenes, con edades entre 10 y 16 años. El análisis de contenido resultó en tres temas: la carencia del apoyo familiar; las influencias del entorno en que se desarrollan los jóvenes y el desconocimiento del efecto que causan las drogas y los planes para el futuro. Se identificó que la droga más consumida fue la marihuana, seguida del alcohol e inhalantes. Explorar las causas que llevaron a estos jóvenes a consumir drogas contribuyó para la identificación de sus necesidades y de los espacios importantes para el cuidado en salud, con énfasis en la promoción de la salud.O objetivo desta investigação foi conhecer as causas predominantes e o tipo de droga mais consumida por jovens, de 10 a 18 anos, que ingressaram em uma instituição que acolhe crianças e adolescentes infratores, em uma cidade do Equador. É um estudo descritivo, de abordagem qualitativa, cujos dados foram coletados por meio de entrevista semiestruturada e individual. Participaram dez jovens, com idade entre 10 e 16 anos. A análise de conteúdo resultou em três temas: a carência do apoio familiar; as influências do ambiente em que os jovens se desenvolvem e o desconhecimento do efeito que as drogas causam e os planos para o futuro. Identificou-se que a droga mais consumida foi a maconha, seguida do álcool e inalantes. Explorar as causas que levaram esses jovens a consumir drogas contribuiu para identificar suas necessidades e espaços importantes para o cuidado em saúde, com ênfase na promoção de saúde.This study aimed to characterize the predominant causes and the types of drugs

  9. Los Monjes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolás Salom Franco

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available El título de este estudio debiera causar escalofrío en la concienciacolombiana pues se trata de uno de los episodios de mayor desdoro denuestra vida diplomática e institucional.El 22 de Noviembre se cumplen cincuenta años, - medio siglo – dehaber cursado nuestra Cancillería al gobierno de Venezuela, la «NotaDiplomática» más desafortunada por no darle otro calificativo, quegobierno alguno haya podido concebir renunciando graciosamente,contra toda evidencia histórica y jurídica a nuestra soberanía en unaparte del maritorio nacional, cuya aparente insignificancia sólo tuvo ytiene como sustento, la ignorancia jurídica y mucho de la estrechez dela mentalidad andina y mediterránea que con persistente prolongaciónen el tiempo por su desprecio de nuestro inmenso espacio marítimojurisdiccional, ha dominado y domina al Ministerio de RelacionesExteriores, con escasos intervalos de lúcida excepción. Para que no seborre de la memoria colectiva este baldón, como homenaje póstumo a larecta exégesis jurídica y también como toque de alerta a los nuevosprotagonistas de nuestra descaecida diplomacia - así sea ominoso surecuerdo - volvemos en estas páginas a hacer una reseña histórica de losepisodios que condujeron al auto despojo de nuestra soberanía maríti-ma, al regalársele los islotes y cayos de «Los Monjes» a la «hermana»República de Venezuela

  10. LOS ALAMOS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1993-01-01

    Following the historic observation of neutrinos in the mid-1950s by two Los Alamos scientists, Fred Reines and Clyde Cowan, Jr, using inverse beta decay, there has been a long and distinguished history of experimental neutrino physics at LAMPF, the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility. LAMPF is the only meson factory to have had an experimental neutrino programme. In the late 1970s, the first LAMPF neutrino experiment used a 6-tonne water Cherenkov detector 7 metres from the beam stop. A collaboration of Yale, Los Alamos and several other institutions, this experiment searched for the forbidden decay of a muon into an electron and two neutrinos, and measured the reaction rate of a neutrino interacting with a deuteron to give two protons and an electron - the inverse of the reaction that drives the sun's primary energy source. The next LAMPF neutrino experiment, a UC Irvine/Maryland/Los Alamos collaboration, ran from 1982 through 1986 and measured the elastic scattering rate of electron neutrinos and protons, where both neutral and charged weak currents contribute. With its precision of about 15%, the experiment provided the first demonstration of (destructive) interference between the charged and neutral currents. More recent neutrino experiments at LAMPF have searched for neutrino oscillations, especially between muon- and electron-neutrinos. The newest experiment to pursue this physics (as well as oscillations in other channels) is LSND (July/ August, page 10 and cover). In addition to searching for these oscillations, LSND will measure neutrino-proton elastic scattering at low momentum transfer, providing a sensitive measure of the strange quark contribution to the proton spin. LSND began taking data in August. Los Alamos physicists have also been busy in neutrino physics experiments elsewhere. One such experiment looked at the beta decay of free molecular tritium to obtain an essentially model independent determination of the electron-neutrino mass. The

  11. Los inmigrados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lojze Kovačič

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Lojze Kovačič nació el 9 de noviembre de 1928 en Basilea, Suiza, en una familia de emigrantes, de madre alemana y padre esloveno. En 1938, cuando las autoridades suizas expulsaron del país a todos los emigrantes que no tenían ciudadanía suiza, se fue a vivir con su familia a Eslovenia, primero a Novo mesto, luego a Ljubljana donde frecuentó la escuela primaria, secundaria y la academia de pedagogía. Vivió en Ljubljana donde trabajó primero como periodista y luego como pedagogo. Murió el 1 de mayo de 2004 en la capital eslovena. Escribió obras autobiográficas y de ficción: Ljubljanske razglednice / Postales de Ljubljana (1956, Ključi mesta / Las llaves de la ciudad (1967, Deček in smrt / El niño y la muerte (1968, Sporočila v spanju – Resničnost / Mensajes en el sueño – Realidad (1972, Pet fragmentov / Cinco fragmentos (1981, Pri{leki / Los inmigrados (trilogía 1983–85, Basel / Basilea (1986, Prah / Polvo (1988, Kristalni čas / Tiempo de cristal (1990, Zgodbe s panjskih končnic / Relatos de las tablas de la colmena (1992, Knji`evna delavnica – {ola pisanja / Taller de literatura – escuela de la escritura (1997. A continuación se presentan dos fragmentos de la primera parte de la trilogía Pri{leki / Los inmigrados, una historia marcadamente autobiográfica del retorno a Eslovenia de una familia desalojada de Basilea, narrada a través de la voz de un niño de diez años, traducida al castellano por Xavier Farré y publicada por la editorial Siruela de Madrid en 2007.

  12. Energy consumption: energy consumption in mainland Norway

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Magnussen, Inger Helene; Killingland, Magnus; Spilde, Dag

    2012-07-25

    The purpose of this report is to describe trends in energy consumption in mainland Norway, with an emphasis on key trends within the largest consumer groups. We also explain common terms and concepts in the field of energy consumption. Finally, we look at forecasts for future energy consumption, produced by bodies outside NVE. Total final energy consumption in mainland Norway in 2009 was 207 TWh. The most important end-user groups are households, service industries, manufacturing industry and transport. In addition, the energy sector in mainland Norway consumed 15 TWh. Energy consumed in the energy sector is not considered as final consumption, as the energy is used to produce new energy products. The long-term trend in energy consumption in mainland Norway is that fuel in the transport sector and electricity for the energy sector increases, while energy consumption in other sectors flattens out. The main reason for an increased use of fuel in the transport sector is the rise in the number of motorised machinery and vehicles in mainland Norway. This has caused a rise in gasoline and diesel consumption of 75 per cent since 1976. The petroleum sector is the largest consumer of energy within the energy sector in mainland Norway, and electricity from onshore to platforms in the North Sea and to new shore side installations has led to a rise in electricity consumption from 1 TWh in 1995 to 5 TWh in 2009. The energy consumption in households showed flat trend from 1996 to 2009, after many years of growth. The main reasons are a warmer climate, higher energy prices, the use of heats pumps and more energy-efficient buildings. In the service industries, the growth in energy consumptions has slightly decreased since the late 1990s, for much the same reasons as for households. In manufacturing industries the energy consumption have flatten out mainly due to the closure of energy-intensive businesses and the establishment of new more energy-efficient businesses. Electricity is

  13. Los diarios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso Hanssen

    1967-12-01

    Full Text Available Junio 14 - Uno ha tenido el cuidado de amar exageradamente. Se extingue la pasión y se reduce en el ánima la energía. La convertimos en imágenes. La especie de rechazo. El fracaso de los sentimientos desleídos. El tedio galopante. La furia. Y el espíritu lleno y caótico. Entonces uno necesita mudarse, transportarse en la crín de la idea tropélica. Porque uno está perdido. Porque quiere navegar con mástiles rotos. Se le propone a la vida la danza dionisíaca. Extraerse uno. Someterse al éxtasis imaginativo.

  14. Development and reliability of an instrument to measure psychosocial determinants of salt consumption among hypertensive patients Desarrollo y confiabilidad de un instrumento para medir los factores psicosociales determinantes en el consumo de sal entre hipertensos Desenvolvimento e confiabilidade de instrumento para mensuração dos fatores psicossociais determinantes do consumo de sal entre hipertensos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marília Estevam Cornélio

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to present the content validity and reliability analyses of an instrument to study the determinant factors of salt consumption among hypertensive subjects, based on an extension of the Theory of Planned Behavior. Content validity was assessed by 3 experts and a pre-test was carried out with 5 subjects. The final tool, comprising 3 different behaviors related to salt consumption and corresponding psychosocial variables, was applied to 32 subjects for internal consistency and temporal stability (15-day interval analysis. Cronbach's alpha coefficients > 0.70 and significant intra-class correlation coefficients were observed for most variables, indicating the temporal stability of the measured concepts. The developed instrument exhibited evidence of both content validity and reliability.Este estudio tuvo como objetivo presentar el análisis de validez de contenido y de confiabilidad de un instrumento para estudiar los factores determinantes del consumo de sodio entre hipertensos, basado en la extensión de la Teoría del Comportamiento Planificado. El instrumento fue sometido a validez de contenido por 3 jueces y a una prueba piloto con 5 sujetos. El instrumento final, compuesto por 3 comportamientos relacionados al consumo de la sal y por las variables psicosociales correspondientes, fue aplicado a 32 sujetos para evaluación de la consistencia interna y de la estabilidad temporal (intervalo de 15 días. Fueron observados coeficientes alfa de Cronbach>0,70 para la mayoría de las variables y coeficientes de correlación entra clases significativas, que apuntaron la estabilidad temporal de los conceptos mensurados. El instrumento desarrollado mostró evidencias de validez de contenido y de confiabilidad.Este estudo teve como objetivo apresentar a análise da validade de conteúdo e da confiabilidade de um instrumento para estudo dos fatores determinantes do consumo de sódio entre hipertensos, baseado na extensão da Teoria do

  15. Consumption Habits and Humps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kraft, Holger; Munk, Claus; Seifried, Frank Thomas

    2017-01-01

    We show that the optimal consumption of an individual over the life cycle can have the hump shape (inverted U-shape) observed empirically if the preferences of the individual exhibit internal habit formation. In the absence of habit formation, an impatient individual would prefer a decreasing...... consumption path over life. However, because of habit formation, a high initial consumption would lead to high required consumption in the future. To cover the future required consumption, wealth is set aside, but the necessary amount decreases with age which allows consumption to increase in the early part...... of life. At some age, the impatience outweighs the habit concerns so that consumption starts to decrease. We derive the optimal consumption strategy in closed form, deduce sufficient conditions for the presence of a consumption hump, and characterize the age at which the hump occurs. Numerical examples...

  16. Consumption Habits and Humps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kraft, Holger; Munk, Claus; Seifried, Frank Thomas

    We show that the optimal consumption of an individual over the life cycle can have the hump shape (inverted U-shape) observed empirically if the preferences of the individual exhibit internal habit formation. In the absence of habit formation, an impatient individual would prefer a decreasing...... consumption path over life. However, because of habit formation, a high initial consumption would lead to high required consumption in the future. To cover the future required consumption, wealth is set aside, but the necessary amount decreases with age which allows consumption to increase in the early part...... of life. At some age, the impatience outweighs the habit concerns so that consumption starts to decrease. We derive the optimal consumption strategy in closed form, deduce sufficient conditions for the presence of a consumption hump, and characterize the age at which the hump occurs. Numerical examples...

  17. Energy Consumption Database

    Science.gov (United States)

    Consumption Database The California Energy Commission has created this on-line database for informal reporting ) classifications. The database also provides easy downloading of energy consumption data into Microsoft Excel (XLSX

  18. CONSUMO DE ALCOHOL EN LOS ADOLESCENTES DE CHÍA Y SU PERCEPCIÓN DEL CONSUMO Y DE LA PERMISIVIDAD PARENTAL FRENTE AL USO DE SUSTANCIAS/ ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION IN ADOLESCENTS FROM CHÍA AND THEIR PERCEPTION OF PARENTAL CONSUMPTION AND PERMISSIVENESS WITH RESPECT TO SUBSTANCE USE/ CONSUMO DE ÁLCOOL NOS ADOLESCENTES DE CHÍA E SUA PERCEPÇÃO DO CONSUMO E DA PERMISSIVIDADE PARENTAL ANTE O USO DE SUBSTÂNCIAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángela M. Trujillo

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio tuvo como objetivo identificar las asociaciones entre el consumo de alcohol en adolescentes del municipio de Chía, Colombia, y la percepción que estos tienen del consumo de sustancias por parte de los padres y de la permisividad parental. Mediante un estudio correlacional se midieron las variables de interés a partir de una encuesta diseñada por los autores y aplicada a una muestra de 326 adolescentes. Los resultados mostraron una asociación positiva y significativa entre el consumo de alcohol en adolescentes y la percepción del consumo de los padres y de la permisividad parental. Se discute la importancia de generar programas preventivos que tengan presente las actitudes favorables de los padres hacia el consumo de alcohol en los adolescentes.

  19. Los árboles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Paredes Pardo

    1964-09-01

    Full Text Available Los árboles son hijos del viento que transporta las semillas. En los valles anda de prisa, tanto que a veces alcanza a los trenes y a la melena de los caballos que espanta la algarabía de los pasajeros. Como los trenes, el viento tiene una frente de humo. De niebla como las montañas. ¿Pensará el viento?

  20. [birthweight And Caffeine Consumption].

    OpenAIRE

    Bicalho, Gladys Gripp; Barros Filho, Antônio de Azevedo

    2015-01-01

    To assess the association between maternal caffeine consumption during pregnancy and low birth weight, prematurity and intrauterine growth retardation. A case-control was carried out and 354 newborns of single labor with birthweight 3,000 g (controls) were analyzed. Caffeine consumption was calculated based on daily consumption of coffee, soft drinks and tea. Results were adjusted using multiple logistic regression for the following confounders: mother's age, schooling, income, marital status...

  1. Alcohol Consumption in Students

    OpenAIRE

    Tran, Cathy

    2010-01-01

    Drinking behaviour among university students is a serious public health concern. Reasons for drinking are complex and many factors contribute to this behaviour. Previous research has established links between personality factors and alcohol consumption and also between metacognitions and alcohol consumption. Few studies have looked into how personality traits and metacognitions interact. This study investigated the relationships between personality, metacognitions and alcohol consumption in a...

  2. Los alemanes en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvio Villegas

    1966-07-01

    Full Text Available Romanizada por Julío César y cristianizada por los visigodos, los ostrogodos y los lombardos, Alemania ha sido a través de los siglos un potente faro de la cultura humana. Sus pensadores, sus filósofos, sus letrados, sus estadistas, sus guerreros se destacan gigantes -desde los tiempos de Carlos V, emperador de Europa.

  3. Consumption and the Consumer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria VADUVA

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The consumer is that trader responsible for consumption act of some final goods or services who decided what must be produce and in what cantity, being the one who make the economic mechanism to move. Consumption is in close connection with the production of goods and services, exerting an active role, any activity should be complete by consuming its results; consumption creates the motivation to achieve economic and non-economic activities. The traditional approach to consumer behavior starts from hypothesised that all consumers seek to maximize the aggregate utility obtained of satisfactions resulting from consumption of goods taking into account the budgetary constraints given by income that consumer has and the prices of these goods. In the conditions of modern economy, consumption can be increased by diseconomies. If consumption depends on permanent income, revenue growth effectively does not exert influence on consumption only to the extent that this increase of income leads to increasing permanent income consumer. Consumption is viewed as an active agent of economic life, it is not only a consumer of goods and services but also a producer.

  4. Experience and Sustainable Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Tove Arendt

    consumption may re-enchant ordinary consumption and thereby even become a part of marketing and the experience economy. New layers of meaning are at stake and altruistic motives come into play; doing something good for someone or something, aside from oneself, is a very strong trigger of positive emotions...

  5. Experience and Sustainable Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Tove Arendt

    2014-01-01

    consumption may re-enchant ordinary consumption and thereby even become a part of marketing and the experience economy. New layers of meaning are at stake and altruistic motives come into play; doing something good for someone or something, aside from oneself, is a very strong trigger of positive emotions...

  6. Value Creation and Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Taillard, Marie; Voyer, Benjamin; Glaveanu, Vlad Petre

    2014-01-01

    An effect of the digital economy has been to provide consumers with almost unlimited ways to customize their consumption activities. They can craft each consumption experience to fit specific contexts, needs, emotions and other factors. A teenager’s night out is documented and shared with her...

  7. Bat consumption in Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kanokwan Suwannarong

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Human consumption of bats poses an increasing public health threat globally. Communities in which bat guano is mined from caves have extensive exposure to bat excreta, often harvest bats for consumption, and are at risk for bat-borne diseases. Methods: This rapid ethnographic study was conducted in four provinces of Thailand (Ratchaburi, Sakaeo, Nakorn Sawan, and Phitsanulok, where bat guano was mined and sold during the period April–August 2014. The aim of this study was to understand behaviors and risk perceptions associated with bat conservation, exposure to bats and their excreta, and bat consumption. Sixty-seven respondents playing various roles in bat guano mining, packaging, sale, and use as fertilizer participated in the study. Data were collected through interviews and/or focus group discussions. Results: In spite of a bat conservation program dating back to the 1980s, the benefits of conserving bats and the risks associated with bat consumption were not clear and infrequently articulated by study respondents. Discussion: Since bat consumption continues, albeit covertly, the risk of bat-borne diseases remains high. There is an opportunity to reduce the risk of bat-borne diseases in guano-mining communities by strengthening bat conservation efforts and raising awareness of the health risks of bat consumption. Further research is suggested to test behavior change strategies for reducing bat consumption.

  8. Bat consumption in Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suwannarong, Kanokwan; Schuler, Sidney

    2016-01-01

    Human consumption of bats poses an increasing public health threat globally. Communities in which bat guano is mined from caves have extensive exposure to bat excreta, often harvest bats for consumption, and are at risk for bat-borne diseases. This rapid ethnographic study was conducted in four provinces of Thailand (Ratchaburi, Sakaeo, Nakorn Sawan, and Phitsanulok), where bat guano was mined and sold during the period April-August 2014. The aim of this study was to understand behaviors and risk perceptions associated with bat conservation, exposure to bats and their excreta, and bat consumption. Sixty-seven respondents playing various roles in bat guano mining, packaging, sale, and use as fertilizer participated in the study. Data were collected through interviews and/or focus group discussions. In spite of a bat conservation program dating back to the 1980s, the benefits of conserving bats and the risks associated with bat consumption were not clear and infrequently articulated by study respondents. Since bat consumption continues, albeit covertly, the risk of bat-borne diseases remains high. There is an opportunity to reduce the risk of bat-borne diseases in guano-mining communities by strengthening bat conservation efforts and raising awareness of the health risks of bat consumption. Further research is suggested to test behavior change strategies for reducing bat consumption.

  9. Violência em ambientes recreativos noturnos de jovens portugueses: relação com consumo de álcool e drogas La violencia entre los jóvenes portugueses en ambientes recreativos nocturnos: relación con el consumo de alcohol y drogas Violence at night time recreational environment among young portuguese people: the relation with alcohol consumption and drug use

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Lurdes Lopes de Freitas Lomba

    2012-09-01

    relación positiva entre comportamiento violento, consumo de alcohol y drogas y la participación de los jóvenes en la vida recreativa nocturna. CONCLUSIÓN: Se sugiere que la implementación de medidas preventivas en este contexto atienda a las características de los jóvenes presentados en este estudio, como predictoras de la conducta violenta.BACKGROUND: The night time recreational environments have currently gained an important role in the juvenile life, determining life styles, standardizing the recreational consumption of alcohol and drugs, as well as the adoption of associated risk behaviours. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the profile of Portuguese young people attending nightlife recreational environments and determine the prevalence of violent behaviors based on sociodemographic variables, alcohol consumption and drug use, and engagement in recreational nightlife activities. METHODOLOGY: Interview applied to 1346 young people who used to go to nighttime recreational environments, both sexes, into 10 Portuguese cities, between 2007 and 2010, using the respondent-driven sampling. RESULTS: It was notified the existence of a positive relation among violent behaviours, alcohol consumption and drug use, and young people's engagement in recreational nightlife.Conclusions: It is suggested that preventive actions should be implemented in recreational environments, to meet the characteristics of young people presented in this study as predictors of violent behaviors.

  10. Marriage and Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blow, Laura; Browning, Martin; Ejrnæs, Mette

    We examine theoretically and empirically consumption over the early part of the life-cycle. The main focus is on the transition from being single to living with someone else. Our theoretical model allows for publicness in consumption; uncertainty concerning marriage; differences between lifetime...... incomes for prospective partners and a marriage premium. We develop a two period model to bring out the main features of the impact of marriage on consumption and saving. We then develop a multi-period model that can be taken to the data on expenditures by singles and couples aged between 18 and 30. Our...

  11. Interactive energy consumption visualization

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Lunga, D

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available in an office building environment. The main goal is to highlight high consumptions patterns, estimate costs and savings, and recommend energy saving strategies. In its useful nature, the dashboard can provide valuable information for further programs tied...

  12. Percepción de los estudiantes de una escuela de enfermería acerca del consumo de drogas lícitas e ilícitas Percepção dos alunos de uma escola de enfermagem acerca do consumo de drogas lícitas e ilícitas Nursing school students' perception of legal and illegal drugs consumption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azucena Bermúdez-Herrera

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available El consumo de drogas es tan antiguo como la humanidad y siempre han existido drogas asociadas a la cultura en cada contexto histórico y social. El presente trabajo tuvo el objetivo de conocer y analizar la percepción de los estudiantes de la Escuela de Enfermería de la Universidad de Guayaquil acerca del consumo de drogas lícitas e ilícitas. El enfoque metodológico fue cualitativo, descriptivo y exploratorio. Participaron 11 estudiantes de los primeros cursos de la Escuela de Enfermería. Para obtener los datos se utilizó entrevistas individuales semiestructuradas. El análisis temático de contenido fue adoptado identificando cinco núcleos temáticos: la situación económica, la violencia intrafamiliar, la migración de los familiares cercanos, la influencia del medio que los rodea, el desconocimiento sobre el tema. Los estudiantes son conscientes de esta dura realidad que azota a la humanidad y conocer sus percepciones contribuyó para la identificación de sus necesidades y para la creación de intervenciones para el cuidado en salud, con énfasis en la promoción de la salud.O consumo de drogas é tão antigo quanto a humanidade, estando associado à cultura em cada contexto histórico e social. Este estudo teve como objetivo compreender e analisar a percepção dos estudantes da Escola de Enfermagem da Universidade de Guayaquil, acerca do consumo de drogas lícitas e ilícitas. A abordagem metodológica foi qualitativa, descritiva e exploratória. Participaram 11 estudantes dos primeiros anos da Escola de Enfermagem. Para coleta dos dados, utilizaram-se entrevistas individuais semiestruturadas. A análise temática de conteúdo foi adotada, identificando-se cinco núcleos temáticos: a situação econômica, violência doméstica, migração de parentes próximos, influência do seu entorno e o desconhecimento sobre o tema. Os estudantes estão conscientes dessa realidade cruel que assola a humanidade, e conhecer suas percep

  13. Emotions and consumption behaviour

    OpenAIRE

    I. Soscia

    2013-01-01

    This stimulating book scrutinizes how emotions function in consumers, from both a psychological and a managerial perspective. It demonstrates how gratitude, happiness, guilt, anger, pride and sadness determine different post-consumption behaviours such as positive and negative word of mouth, repurchase intention and complaint behaviour. The emotional side of consumption seems to play an essential role in explaining choices made and actions taken by consumers. Isabella Soscia explores the ...

  14. Carbon offsetting: sustaining consumption?

    OpenAIRE

    Heather Lovell; Harriet Bulkeley; Diana Liverman

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we examine how theories of sustainable and ethical consumption help us to understand a new, rapidly expanding type of consumer product designed to mitigate climate change: carbon offsets. The voluntary carbon offset market grew by 200% between 2005 and 2006, and there are now over 150 retailers of voluntary carbon offsets worldwide. Our analysis concentrates on the production and consumption of carbon offsets, drawing on ideas from governmentality and political ecology about how...

  15. Changes in cultural consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Navarrete, T.; Borowiecki, K. J.

    2016-01-01

    Visits to museums have been studied as hedonic and utilitarian forms of cultural consumption, though limited attention has been given to the access of museum collections online. We perform a unique historic analysis of the visibility of collections in a museum of ethnographic collections and comp......, particularly when showing them being used). Results support understanding of online heritage consumption and emerging dynamics, particularly outside of an institutional environment, such as Wikipedia. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group....

  16. Consumption and Children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Browning, Martin; Ejrnæs, Mette

    2009-01-01

    supply. We develop two tests of the extreme hypothesis that only changes in family structure matter. We estimate effects of the numbers and ages of children on consumption. These estimates allow us to rationalize all of the increase in consumption without recourse to any of the causal mechanisms. Our...... estimates can be interpreted either as giving upper bounds on the effects of children or as evidence that the other causes are not important....

  17. Los objetivos del desarrollo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Currie Lauchlin

    1993-12-01

    Full Text Available To broach the goals of development implies broaching the problem of economic growth in a critical manner. Not only the concept of growth but also the means of achieving it in practice should be questioned. Growth is not an end, it is a means of gaining access to development And development should not be understood as a goal, but as a permanent process of learning tending towards more control over the environment and greater levels of well-being. It is not a matter of increasing GNP linearly; development must occur, sustained growth that, without being a threat to mm or to our natural resources, can lead to the eradication of absolute and relati.ve poverty. The low rates of growth of the developing countries constitute structural problem that can /lot be reso1.ved by resorting to the neo-classical mechanisms of mobility, nor to the Keynesian formulas. These have served as a source of inspiration to the Harrod-lX:m3r·type models of growth which limit themselves to stimulating savings and ending unemployment by concentrating exclusively on the monetary demand. Getting OUt of the vicious circle of low growth implies eradicating poverty with respect into the immediateness of a direct attack on the problem. with respect to the developed counties, growth is starting to became harmful, and, given the prevalence of ostensible consumption and of pecuniary emulation, it is imperative to foment non-economic motivation that will permit the eradication of relative poverty.

    Abordar los objetivos del desarrollo implica abordar de manera crítica el problema del crecimiento econ

  18. Economic theories of sustainable consumption

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ferrer-i-Carbonell, Ada; Bergh, van den Jeroen C.J.M.

    1999-01-01

    The term `sustainable consumption' denotes the search for consumption patterns that reduce human pressure on the environment and nature. This searchinvolves three levels of research. First, the relationship between consumption, lifestyles and environmental sustainability has to be clarified.

  19. Ethical Food Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heerwagen, Lennart Ravn

    So-called ‘ethical’ food products have spread across the industrialised world. These are products that are produced under labelling schemes with extraordinary attentiveness to issues such as farm animal welfare and environmental protection. Political decision-makers and other stakeholders in food...... protection. In particular, it aims to examine the concrete improvements that may be pursued through markets for ethical food, and how these improvements are influenced by factors related to individual consumers’ choice of food. This thesis is structured around three research papers that illuminate different...... aspects of ethical food consumption and, based on this, provide concrete policy inputs. The scope of the research is highly interdisciplinary, and includes perspectives from ethics and the social sciences on food consumption. Paper I: Can increased organic consumption mitigate climate changes...

  20. Seafood Consumption and Health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Huseyin Atar

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available This study discussed relationship between healthy life and seafood consumption. Seafood consumption provide with predicting some chronic diseases, regular diet and a healthy eating habit. Fish and seafood have been promoted as healthy eating by health organizations in many countries all over the world. Seafood includes many important fatty acids, proteins, vitamins and minerals. These have been shown to cause significant biochemical and physiological changes in the body. Especially omega–3 and omega–6 fatty acids have been prevented some major diseases; such as CHD, cancer. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2009; 8(2.000: 173-176

  1. Why Taxing Consumption?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Landes, Xavier

    2015-01-01

    Robert Frank is famous for proposing an incremental tax on consumption. His proposition is motivated by the control of positional externalities, i.e. the costs that individuals impose on each other when they consume goods for securing or acquiring social status. A close analysis of Frank...... are controversial while the invocation of efficiency is actually grounded in an underlying view of social cooperation. Secondly, this chapter advances the idea that an ultimate justification for the choice of specific tax base (consumption, income and wealth) expresses such an underlying view. In other words...

  2. Los presupuestos del Concurso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Línea de Investigación “De la Crisis Empresarial

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Este escrito es el resultado de uno de los proyectos de investigación adelantados por el Departamento de Derecho Comercial de la Universidad Externado de Colombia. En el se hace una aproximación histórica a los presupuestos para acceder a los trámites concursales en Perú, Argentina y España, analizándolos desde los puntos doctrinal, académico y legal.Así mismo, es parte integrante de un trabajo más amplio que pretende elaborar un documento contentivo del tratamiento que se da a los presupuestos concursales a nivel mundial.En este orden de ideas, nos permitimos presentar un análisis minucioso de la legislación de los citados países iberoamericanos.

  3. Son los latinos estadounidenses?

    OpenAIRE

    Aguirre, Mariano

    2009-01-01

    En el año 2050 la población blanca no latina de Estados Unidos sumará el 46% del total de los ciudadanos de ese país. Para entonces, la población latina, negra y asiática combinada representará el 54%. En ese horizonte que predicen los cálculos oficiales, los latinos habrán crecido en un 15%, pasando de los 47 millones que viven ahora EEUU a 133 millones. Mientras que los latinos y los asiáticos (de 16 millones a 41 millones para entonces) no pararán de crecer, las poblaciones blanca y negra ...

  4. cultural de los chicanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Casasa

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available En Estados Unidos los diferentes grupos étnicos de habla hispana, entre ellos los chicanos, se enfrentan al problema de definir su identidad frente a la cultura anglosajona dominante, y este proceso puede ser descrito como un fenómeno de autoreconocimiento colectivo, o sea, la percepción diferencial de una colectividad suficientemente integrada y consistente, en contraposición con otras. Cualquier elemento que integra una configuración cultural, como son las pautas de comportamiento, los estilos de vida, las fiestas, los cantos, los mitos, los usos del ceremonial laico y religioso, la organización social del espacio, el lenguaje, la vida cotidiana o la utilización y percepción del medio físico, etcétera, pueden desempeñar este papel.

  5. De los estados fallidos

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz Medrano, Salvador Francisco

    2011-01-01

    Al presente, desde distintas perspectivas, los Estados fallidos parecieran ser una clasificación más de los Estados en general. Este artículo constituye un intento por revisar dicho concepto, que en nuestros días, últimamente, a cobrando nueva relevancia. La tarea se emprende desde el concepto que el derecho internacional da a los Estados fallidos. Luego se analizan las características políticas del mismo, a través del Índice de Política Exterior y Fondo para la Paz de los...

  6. Los mercados financieros

    OpenAIRE

    Franco Bendeck, Henry David; Guzmán Salazar, Laura Steffi

    2017-01-01

    En este documento el lector encontrará una visión general y un punto de partida sobre el funcionamiento de los mercados financieros de dinero y capitales, abordando la teoría en cuanto a la estructura y funcionamiento del sistema de valores intercambiario, además de aspectos como la psicología de sus participantes y la actualidad de algunos de los mercados muy poco desarrollados como el caso de los latinoamericanos. Estos aspectos hacen parte del contexto de inversión en los mercados, e...

  7. Turkey's net energy consumption

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Soezen, Adnan; Arcaklioglu, Erol; Oezkaymak, Mehmet

    2005-01-01

    The main goal of this study is to develop the equations for forecasting net energy consumption (NEC) using an artificial neural-network (ANN) technique in order to determine the future level of energy consumption in Turkey. In this study, two different models were used in order to train the neural network. In one of them, population, gross generation, installed capacity and years are used in the input layer of the network (Model 1). Other energy sources are used in input layer of network (Model 2). The net energy consumption is in the output layer for two models. Data from 1975 to 2003 are used for the training. Three years (1981, 1994 and 2003) are used only as test data to confirm this method. The statistical coefficients of multiple determinations (R 2 -value) for training data are equal to 0.99944 and 0.99913 for Models 1 and 2, respectively. Similarly, R 2 values for testing data are equal to 0.997386 and 0.999558 for Models 1 and 2, respectively. According to the results, the net energy consumption using the ANN technique has been predicted with acceptable accuracy. Apart from reducing the whole time required, with the ANN approach, it is possible to find solutions that make energy applications more viable and thus more attractive to potential users. It is also expected that this study will be helpful in developing highly applicable energy policies

  8. Exploring heroin consumption

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Trautmann, Franz; Frijns, Tom

    2013-01-01

    In this report we explore some aspects of heroin consumption, using the data we collected through the face-to-face interviews and comparing our findings with data from other research and monitoring sources. We focus on Italy, the Netherlands and England, the three sample Member States where we have

  9. Regional final energy consumptions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2011-01-01

    This report comments the differences observed between the French regions and also between these regions and national data in terms of final energy consumption per inhabitant, per GDP unit, and per sector (housing and office building, transport, industry, agriculture). It also comments the evolutions during the last decades, identifies the most recent trends

  10. Bus fuel consumption model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zargari, S.A. [Iran Univ. of Science and Technology, Teheran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Khan, A.M. [Carleton Univ., Ottawa, ON (Canada). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering

    2000-07-01

    The interest in rapid bus transit has increased sharply with the realization that modern metropolitan areas rely on public transit to provide for strong economies and communities. As a prevention tool against traffic congestion, deteriorating air quality and rising greenhouse gas emissions, this study of bus fuel consumption was designed to assist in the planning and management of rapid bus transit. The Australian Road Research Board's (ARRB) Road Fuel Consumption Model was used as a starting point. The estimations required were realized with the help of Newtonian Mechanics. The four states of vehicular traffic were examined: acceleration, cruise, deceleration, and idle. The estimated total power required from the engine to overcome resistance forces, to run vehicle accessories and overcome internal engine friction was calculated. The data for the standard and articulated bus was obtained from OC Transpo in Ottawa. The study permitted the authors to conclude that the estimations for the parameters for power requirements and fuel consumption for heavy duty vehicles are appropriate. The methodology for the estimation of fuel consumption on the Transitway, which is part of the rapid bus transit system, proved adequate. In addition, the methodology was useful to estimate fuel savings resulting from demand management strategies with potential for modal shift. 9 refs., 6 tabs.

  11. Sustainable consumption and marketing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dam, van Y.K.

    2016-01-01

    Sustainable development in global food markets is hindered by the discrepancy between positive consumer attitudes towards sustainable development or sustainability and the lack of corresponding sustainable consumption by a majority of consumers. Apparently for many (light user) consumers the

  12. Consumption growth accounting

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dietzenbacher, Erik; de Groot, Olaf J.; Los, Bart

    The methodology in this paper combines an input-output structural decomposition approach with the supply-side perspective of mainstream growth accounting. In explaining the intertemporal change in consumption per worker, three sets of effects are distinguished. First, contributions due to several

  13. Overview of Alcohol Consumption

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of Alcohol Consumption Alcohol's Effects on the Body Alcohol Use Disorder Fetal Alcohol Exposure Support & Treatment Alcohol Policy Special ... experience alcohol’s longer-term effects, which can include: Alcohol use disorder Health problems Increased risk for certain cancers In ...

  14. Organic consumption behavior

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Du, Shuili; Bartels, Jos; Reinders, Machiel; Sen, Sankar

    2017-01-01

    Consumer demand for organic food and non-food products has been growing dramatically. This study examines organic consumption behavior from a social identification perspective. Focusing on the central role of organic consumer identification (OCI), or the extent to which individuals categorize

  15. The Ideology of Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Brian Benjamin

    2013-01-01

    This article opts for a return to a critique of the ideology of consumption. Following Slavoj Žižek it argues that what must be addressed in present-day consumer-capitalism is the level of the superego. Superego is not about living up to certain norms/standards; rather, superego fits consumerism...

  16. The Consumption Paradigm in Marketing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eka Ardianto

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available This article elaborates consumption paradigm in marketing. In background, this paper reviews different perspectives of consumption: economic perspective and marketing perspective. In ontology, this work describes various issues regarding consumption view. In epistemology, this article demonstrates how marketers especially researches explore the consumption phenomena. In methodology, the article describes experiential marketing –one of applied consumption paradigm in marketing, which could be an alternative choice of marketing practices.

  17. Country differences in sustainable consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thøgersen, John

    2010-01-01

    In a sustainability perspective, consumption research has an unfortunate individualizing bias, which means that macro and structural causes of unsustainable consumption tend to be ignored. Hence, a comprehensive model of determinants of the sustainability of consumption is developed and applied...... on a specific case: organic food consumption. The analyzed data are published research on why consumer purchase of organic food products differs between countries. As expected, organic food's share of total food consumption depends heavily on political regulation, including legal definitions and standards...

  18. Los niños y los videojuegos

    OpenAIRE

    Orrego Gaviria, Jaime; Fundación Valle de Lili

    2007-01-01

    Los niños y los videojuegos / Efectos perjudiciales de la utilización de los videojuegos por los niños y adolescentes/ Efectos benéficos de la de la utilización de los videojuegos por los niños y adolescentes/ Recomendaciones para favorecer el uso adecuado/ Sistema de clasificación de los videojuegos

  19. Work-related consumption drivers and consumption at work

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Røpke, Inge

    2004-01-01

    The main message in this paper is that the discussion on sustainable consumption should also incorporate the consumption that occurs in relation to work and, more generally, the relationship between consumption at work and consumption at home. I start by considering how domestic consumption...... is encouraged by work-related factors and continue to consider how consumption activities occur in the workplace, so illustrating that production and consumption are intertwined. The main part of the paper deals in detail with the conceptual distinction between production and consumption. Inspiration is drawn...... from both ecology and economics with focus on some important predecessors for ecological economics. I conclude with reflections on how to proceed with consumption studies to provide the basis for promoting more sustainable life patterns....

  20. Los libros de los moriscos y los eruditos orientales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez Mediano, Fernando

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to show how the Orientalist scholarship of Christian Arabs who had come to Spain from the Middle East (via Italy adressed the literature of the Moriscos, to examine how it was understood by such scholars and what they used it for. We show that these scholars, from among whom we have chosen the examples of Marcus Dobelius and Miguel Casiri, could not carry out their Orientalist work using the Arabic manuscripts of the El Escorial library without confronting the Morisco problem in the form of Morisco texts held in several collections confiscated by the Inquisition. The knowledge and activities of these Moriscos served to trace the broad outlines of an intellectual history of the Arabic language in Europe, in which Morisco activity was interppreted in relation to its linguistic and doctrinal variables. This was achieved by means of the construction of a scholarly discipline (Orientalism at a time of religious polemic between the Reformation and the Counter-Reformation, i.e. during the period of the development of religious dissidence and skepticism in early modern Europe.Pretendemos, en este trabajo, mostrar cómo la erudición orientalista de árabes cristianos venidos a España desde Oriente (a través de Italia se aproximó a la literatura de los moriscos, cómo la entendió y para qué la utilizó. Mostramos que estos eruditos, de entre los que elegimos los casos de Marcos Dobelio y Miguel Casiri, no pudieron realizar su trabajo orientalista, que se basa en una fuerte vinculación con los manuscritos árabes de la Biblioteca de El Escorial, sin evitar el problema morisco en forma de su producción escrita aparecida en diversos fondos requisados por la Inquisición. Sus saberes y su actividad sirven para trazar los contornos amplios de una historia intelectual de la lengua árabe en Europa, en la que el hecho morisco es interpretado en función de sus variables lingüsticas y doctrinales, a partir de la constitución de

  1. Fuelwood consumption in Newfoundland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1980-01-01

    This study was undertaken to get a first estimate of fuelwood consumption for the island of Newfoundland for the period April 1, 1977 to March 31, 1978. Available literature was reviewed and an assessment made on the existing data collection systems on fuelwood consumption used by the various forestry agencies in the province. A personal interview telephone survey on fuelwood use was conducted for most parts of the Island that had access to wood supplies. Householders were asked how much wood they burned, when they started burning wood, type of wood burning unit used, other sources of heat used, reasons for burning wood, employment, distance travelled to obtain wood, and expected consumption in 1978-79 compared to 1977-78. It was found that the estimated number of households burning wood increased to ca 32,000 in 1977-78. There was a further estimated increase to about 39,500 in 1978-79. In 1977-78, it was estimated that 461,571 stacked cubic metres of fuelwood were consumed on the Island. This was broken down into 318,916 m/sup 3/ of softwood and 142,655 m/sup 3/ of hardwood. Although the statistical methodology used may have led to an overestimate of the volume of wood consumed, the criteria used in the selection of households had the opposite effect in that the volume consumed by a large number of casual wood burners (less than 3 stacked m/sup 3/) was omitted from the estimate. Fuelwood consumption accounted for anywhere from 1% to 77% of the calculated allowable annual cut for the various forest management units on the Island for 1977-78. Overall, fuelwood consumption estimated by the survey accounted for 8% of the estimated allowable annual cut. Use of wood as a fuel is expected to continue increasing and it is recommended that estimates of consumption be periodically updated so that forest management plans can make adequate provision for this demand in future. 5 refs., 16 figs., 7 tabs.

  2. Los menos accesibles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lydia Bond

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Droga y SIDA están relacionados. La pobreza, la discriminación y el desempleo son factores que condicionan el consumo de drogas. Ergo, los programas de prevención tienen que llegar a los pobres.

  3. Videogames, consumption and education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felix ETXEBERRIA VALERDI

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The ever-increasing success and use of videogames is a reality in our current society, being 54% of the total consumption of audiovisual or interactive entertainment in Spain in 2007. One of the aspects to be taken into consideration, with respect to the education of children, is the implication for consumption in relation to videogames. The violence portrayed in these games is one of the main topics of debate in the literature about and studies on the effects of videogames on children’s behaviour. However, it is not just a question of protecting minors against the risks of videogames use without control and care exercised by parents or educators. For many years now, despite the risks involved in their use, videogames have been used as another medium in education itself.

  4. Consumption and Needs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Læssøe, Jeppe

    1996-01-01

    The contribution takes its point of departure in the relation between the many resource savings initiatives and the lack of interest for the growth in consumption. It argues that what we make up on the roundabouts, we risk to loose on the swings. In order to prevent that it reveals some of the cu...... socio-cultural and life qualitative demands into account. As a conclusion the author outlines some ideals with regard to how to integrate human the dimension in urban ecological design.......The contribution takes its point of departure in the relation between the many resource savings initiatives and the lack of interest for the growth in consumption. It argues that what we make up on the roundabouts, we risk to loose on the swings. In order to prevent that it reveals some...

  5. Sustainable Food Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reisch, Lucia; Eberle, Ulrike; Lorek, Sylvia

    2013-01-01

    Contemporary food production and consumption cannot be regarded as sustainable and raises problems with its wide scope involving diverse actors. Moreover, in the face of demographic change and a growing global population, sus-tainability problems arising from food systems will likely become more...... and globalization of agriculture and food processing, the shift of consumption patterns toward more dietary animal protein, the emergence of modern food styles that entail heavily processed products, the growing gap on a global scale between rich and poor, and the paradoxical lack of food security amid an abundance...... of food. These factors are attributable to national and international policies and regulations, as well as to prevalent business prac-tices and, in particular, consumers' values and habits. The most effective ways for affluent societies to reduce the environmental impact of their diets are to reduce...

  6. Youth and Tourism Consumption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdolhossein Kalantari

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper tends to study tourism attitudes among the youth. It argues that in studying tourism among the youth, it is necessary to consider youth’s other behavioral factors in addition to the youth subculture. Therefore, we should study the youth culture from the view point of “Consumption”. In this view, youth tourism is equal to consumption of time, space and signs. Using ongoing theoretical debates and division, we would attempt to explore various factors of youth tourism. This article shows that youth tourism and youth culture are so mutually interconnected that we should comprehend youth tourism based on youth culture and vise versa. In conclusion, analyzing the youth subculture which is rooted in their consumption attitudes, the study attempts to understand youth tourism.

  7. Promoting seafood consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scholderer, Joachim; Grunert, Klaus G.

    was that preparing a tasty meal from fresh fish was actually not difficult. In supplemetary materials consumers were provided with recipes for fresh fish. At the same time, major retail chains made MAP-packaged fresh fish filets available in Danish supermarkets. The influence of familiy expectations was harnessed......Before and after the 3-year generic advertising campaign for fresh fish in Denmark, representative consumer samples were surveyed with regard to the attitudes towards fresh fish, perceived family norms, availability of fresh fish in shops, meal preparation skills, intentions to buy fresh fish......, and actual consumption frequencies. In the pre-campaign survey (effective N=641), significant determinants of consumption were availability in shops, meal preparation skills, and intentions to buy fresh fish. The campaign was especially designed to conquer these barriers. The key proposition...

  8. Fuelwood consumption in Newfoundland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-01-01

    Fuelwood consumption increased in Newfoundland in the 1970's, but although cutting permits were issued for Crown land, most forests were privately leased and no overall figures were available on the annual cut for domestic use. A personal interview telephone survey was therefore implemented in which householders were questioned on how much wood they burned, when they started burning wood, type of stove and wood used, expected consumption in 1978-79, other sources of heat, employment, and distance travelled to obtain wood. Survey methods and results obtained are presented. Woodburning households increased from about 22,000 before 1973 to about 32,000 in 1977-78 and a further increase to about 39,500 was expected in 1978-79. In 1977-78, 462,571 stacked cubic metres of roundwood were burned on the island. Softwood comprised 69% of this total.

  9. The mediatization of ethical consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eskjær, Mikkel Fugl

    2013-01-01

    Over the years, mediatization studies have investigated the influence of media in numerous sections of contemporary society. One area that has received limited attention is the mediatization of consumption, particularly issues concerning ethical consumption. This article presents a study of how...... mediatization is transforming modern consumption and contributing to the mainstreaming of ethical consumption. Based on a study of a Danish online eco-store, the article argues that modern ethical consumption increasingly depends on new media practices to present sustainable consumption as practical...

  10. Sociology of Drug Consumption

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    In this article which is a review of sociological ideas and studies of drug abusers in social situation, drug addiction steps (particularly alcohol, heroin and cocaine consumption) are revised and some explanations are made. Also, the role of some sociological ideas in drug addiction is considered in which Anomie Theory reads: "because of such duality, the individuals who are not satisfied with their role are in hurt." According to this theory, drug users choose seclusion and neglecting usual...

  11. Tumores de los conductos biliares

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santiago Triana Cortés

    1955-02-01

    Los tumores benignos de los conductos biliares son relativamente raros. Christopher, que ha revisado recientemente este asunto, sólo pudo encontrar cuarenta y un casos publicados. Los papilomas parecen los más frecuentes, pero se les encuentra con menor frecuencia en los conductos que en la vesícula. Los adenomas son también tumores benignos de los más frecuentes en los conductos; en general, son múltiples y quísticos, y en algunos casos parecen derivar del epitelio de los conductos.

  12. Quantification model for energy consumption in edification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercader, Mª P.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The research conducted in this paper focuses on the generation of a model for the quantification of energy consumption in building. This is to be done through one of the most relevant environmental impact indicators associated with weight per m2 of construction, as well as the energy consumption resulting from the manufacturing process of materials used in building construction. The practical application of the proposed model on different buildings typologies in Seville, will provide information regarding the building materials, the subsystems and the most relevant construction elements. Hence, we will be able to observe the impact the built surface has on the environment. The results obtained aim to reference the scientific community, providing quantitative data comparable to other types of buildings and geographical areas. Furthermore, it may also allow the analysis and the characterization of feasible solutions to reduce the environmental impact generated by the different materials, subsystems and construction elements commonly used in the different building types defined in this study.

    La investigación realizada en el presente trabajo plantea la generación de un modelo de cuantificación del consumo energético en edificación, a través de uno de los indicadores de impacto ambiental más relevantes asociados al peso por m2 de construcción, el consumo energético derivado del proceso de fabricación de los materiales de construcción empleados en edificación. La aplicación práctica del modelo propuesto sobre diferentes tipologías edificatorias en Sevilla aportará información respecto a los materiales de construcción, subsistemas y elementos constructivos más impactantes, permitiendo visualizar la influencia que presenta la superficie construida en cuanto al impacto ambiental generado. Los resultados obtenidos pretenden servir de referencia a la comunidad científica, aportando datos num

  13. Agradecimiento a los revisores

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    En este primer volumen, correspondiente al año 2015, la calidad de los artículos arbitrados se debe, además de los autores que se animaron y confiaron sus trabajos a nuestra Revista, a la exhaustiva tarea de los evaluadores que, como todos nosotros, hacen su mejor esfuerzo para colaborar en su revisión. En este sentido, deseamos agradecer su labor haciendo público el reconocimiento de su contribución a:Karen Rangel Silva, Instituto Universitario de Tecnología del Estado Bolívar - Venezuela.Lu...

  14. Los quechuismos en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor Sánchez Montenegro

    1962-06-01

    Full Text Available Como una pequeña introducción a este estudio, debo dar algunos datos sobre el descubrimiento del Perú y la historia de los "Trece de la Fama" que se relacionan íntimamente con nuestra Isla del Gallo, en las cercanías de Tumaco, asombroso episodio que, siendo verdadera historia, tiene todos los aspectos de la más extraordinaria leyenda de esa época superior a cualquier relación mítica de los Libros de Caballería.

  15. Convergencia de los medios.

    OpenAIRE

    Salaverría, Ramón

    2003-01-01

    Cuando se estudia la evolución de la convergencia multimedia en los medios de comunicación es frecuente encontrarse con análisis reduccionistas. En muchos de esos análisis tiende a destacarse la tecnología como el único parámetro que promueve los procesos de convergencia y evoluciona con ellos, mientras se olvida o minusvalora otros aspectos. Sin embargo, el proceso actual de convergencia en los medios es mucho más rico en matices. En particular, como trataremos de explicar, en este caso debe...

  16. On monitoring unrecorded alcohol consumption

    OpenAIRE

    Rehm, Jürgen; Poznyak, Vladimir

    2015-01-01

    Unrecorded alcohol consumption is a global problem, with about 25% of all alcohol consumption concerning this category. There are different forms of unrecorded alcohol, legally produced versus illegally produced, artisanal vs industrially produced, and then surrogate alcohol, which is officially not intended for human consumption. Monitoring and surveillance of unrecorded consumption is not well developed. The World Health Organization has developed a monitoring system, using the Nominal Grou...

  17. Energy consumption: Past, present, future

    Science.gov (United States)

    1973-01-01

    The energy consumption history of the United States and the changes which could occur in consumption characteristics in the next 50 years are presented. The various sources of energy are analyzed to show the limitations involved in development and utilization as a function of time available. Several scenarios were prepared to show the consumption and supply of energy under varying conditions.

  18. Consumption of the Epidermis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bønnelykke-Behrndtz, Marie Louise; Schmidt, Henrik; Damsgaard, Tine E

    2015-01-01

    It has recently been demonstrated that the extent of ulceration and the presence of epidermal involvement that theoretically precede ulceration (consumption of epidermis, COE) or seen subsequent to inflammation (reactive epidermal hyperplasia or re-epithelialization) allowed better prognostic...... supports that the proliferation drive is noninflammatory. In contrast, the presence of re-epithelialization and/or reactive epidermal hyperplasia demonstrated an 18% (95% CI: 6–53, P = 0.0021) increased density of neutrophils compared with tumor with no evidence of these possibly prolonged late......, effacement, or reactive hyperplasia of the surrounding epidermis....

  19. Proper Islamic Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fischer, Johan

    mobile, religiously committed communities to the opportunities and perils presented by modernisation. It also tells us something about the debates concerning the meanings and practices of Islam within an aggressive, globalised, secularised modernity. In Malaysia this is an especially intriguing issue...... spite of a long line of social theory analyzing the spiritual in the economic, and vice versa, very little of the recent increase in scholarship on Islam addresses its relationship with capitalism. Johan Fischer’s book,Proper Islamic Consumption, begins to fill this gap. […] Fischer’s detailed...

  20. Sustainable Food Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reisch, Lucia; Scholl, Gerd; Eberle, Ulrike

    to be tackled, including climate change water pollution and water scarcity, soil degradation,eutrophication of water bodies, and loss of habitats and biodiversity. With respect to a growing world population and demographic change, problems are predicted to become more serious in the future; for example...... on a variety of issues, including agriculture and the food supply, the availability of and access to food, physical activity, welfare and social benefits, sound environmental production and consumption, fiscal policies, the role of individual consumer decision-making, public procurement and public provision...

  1. Historia de los Medicamentos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Jácome Roca

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available

    Cómo evolucionaron los medicamentos

    La historia de los medicamentos hace parte del devenir del hombre y de la historia de la medicina.

    Desde siempre, el ser humano buscó una explicación a los fenómenos y una solución a sus males. El pensamiento mágico, más acentuado en las tribus y en las más antiguas civilizaciones, hizo importante el poder de los conjuros y la influencia de los dioses sobre las pócimas.

    Con algunas excepciones, hasta que Paracelso introdujo en terapéutica las sustancias inorgánicas, los medicamentos eran hierbas. Gobernantes estudiosos del tema (el Emperador Rojo -padre de la Herbología china- y Mitrìdates VI -inventor y consumidor consuetudinario de la famosa teriaca- vivieron obsesionados con el temor al envenenamiento. Tanto que el último, septuagenario y derrotado por sus antiguos aliados romanos, trató de envenenarse para acabar con su vida, mas no fue posible pues estaba inmunizado contra los tóxicos; tuvo que rogarle a un esclavo que atravesara su pecho con la espada. Dioscórides y Plinio el Viejo eran eruditos conocedores de la botánica; el primero escribió la “Materia Médica”, el segundo, la “Historia Natural”.

    La aparición de la medicina como oficio, en casos como los de Hipócrates y Galeno, estuvo rodeada de prestigio; pero en los más fue tarea de esclavos, labor de sirvientes. Estos colegas de la antigüedad aprendieron a manejar sus propios medicamentos, preparados en algunas trastiendas o “boticas”. Los farmacéuticos se iniciaron como simples dispensadores y tuvieron auge entre los árabes, civilización donde aparecieron también los primeros recetarios, listados de medicinas o primitivas farmacopeas. Pero siempre las mismas hierbas con los mismos hierbateros, para llamar de alguna manera a los empíricos que ejercían artesanalmente la medicina.

    Refiriéndose a las curas de su médico tratante, Adriano –considerado por aquel

  2. de los estudiantes universitarios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berta Marlén Velásquez B.

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available En el artículo que se presenta a continuación, las autoras abordan estrategias metodológicas desde una perspectiva neurocientífica para el logro del aprendizaje significativo a partir del análisis de los rasgos distintivos de los estudiantes universitarios, y en concordancia con las investigaciones adelantadas al respecto. Las estrategias en mención, tienen en cuenta los niveles de desarrollo psicoafectivo, cognitivo, lingüístico y social del estudiante, así como el contexto en que evoluciona y se forma; se contempla, además, algunos principios basados en los fundamentos de la teoría del cerebro total, articulados con dichas estrategias que debe tener presentes el docente, como mediador y guía para apoyar al estudiante en la búsqueda y construcción del conocimiento.

  3. Los beneficios del TLC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martín Uribe Arbeláez

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available El TLC usa-Colombia aumenta la protección de la propiedad intelectual por encima de la normatividad internacional plasmada en los Acuerdos adpic de la omc y en la Decisión 486 de 2000, de la Comunidad Andina de Naciones. Intensifica la llamada “apertura económica” consagrando un modelo exportador. El propósito de este ensayo es analizar lo que representa para el desarrollo económico y social, con énfasis en los dramáticos cambios que se introducen en el Régimen Común de Propiedad Industrial. El saqueo de la biodiversidad, “patentes a plantas o animales”, los enormes costos para la salud pública, la competitividad basada en las maquilas y la pauperización social, contradicen los sofismas que parecen evocar el realismo mágico como explicación de nuestra historia.

  4. Los estilos de gerencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Noriega Santos

    1990-04-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN Es fundamental para cada persona saber cómo  se puede manejar una organización y los resultados que puede obtener de su gestión. Existen diversas formas o estilos de gerencia que podemos utilizar para  el logro de los objetivos. En este artículo basado en la teoría de Robert  Blake y Jane Mounton conocida con el  nombre de “Malla Gerencial “se trata de exponer los diversos  estilos de gerencia  y los efectos que cada uno de ellos producen en nuestras empresas o instituciones

  5. Los pactos parasociales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lina Henao

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Los pactos parasociales son acuerdos celebrados al margen de la regulación societaria, entre los socios, entre estos y la sociedad, o con terceros, que constituyen una herramienta de uso frecuente en el desarrollo de las relaciones corporativas pese a la ausencia de una regulación legal integral, y que tienen por finalidad regular extremos no recogidos estatutariamente. Su validez, eficacia e incumplimiento estarán determinados en mayor medida por las normas de derecho civil y en menor proporción por el orden jurídico societario. El artículo desarrolla una presentación de la noción, notas características, naturaleza jurídica y las vicisitudes que subyacen en esta materia a la luz de los principales ordenamientos jurídicos de los sistemas de Civil Law y de Common Law.

  6. Los medios votan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Revista Chasqui

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Las experiencias electorales de Argentina, Ecuador, México y Venezuela, sugieren que la industria electoral, ya prendió sus hornos en la América Latina. Se advierte una nueva modalidad en el lanzamiento de los candidatos presidenciales muy similar a las utilizadas en los Estados Unidos. Es más, en el caso de Venezuela, los jefes de campaña, los llamados "brujos electorales", fueron norteamericanos. Y la televisión fue la niña bonita. CHASQU I presenta aqu í Un breve análisis, con nombre y apellido, de lo que pasó y está pasando en esos cuatro países.

  7. Los factores de riesgo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Justo Senado Dumoy

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Sobre el fundamento filosófico de los conceptos de la Dialéctica Materialista, se presenta un análisis en relación con el concepto e interpretación de los Factores de Riesgo.A analysis on the concept and interpretation of risk factors is presented based on the philosophical foundation of the concepts of materialist dialectics.

  8. de los movimientos sociales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Flórez-Flórez

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde el giro de los ochenta hasta hoy, los análisis de la acción colectiva tienden a concluir que la lucha de los movimientos latinoamericanos se halla anclada a la ilustración. Sea porque reivindican necesidades básicas, porque su principal interlocutor es el Estado, porque su contexto de lucha es atrasado o porque están atadas a localismos. En cualquiera de estos casos, se entiende que esos actores difícilmente pueden cuestionar los límites de la modernidad globalizada. En este artículo planteamos que tales conclusiones asumen un pensamiento dicotómico que diferencia y jerarquiza las dinámicas sociales según su mayor o menor distanciamiento de la tradición; una operación ilustrada que, paradójicamente, las teorías de movimientos deben a las perspectivas críticas de la ilustración; más específicamente, a su noción eurocéntrica de la modernidad. A partir de la revisión que de ese concepto ofrecen las posturas postcoloniales, concretamente el Programa de Investigación Modernidad/Colonialidad, dejamos sentadas algunas claves interpretativas que cambiarían los términos del debate sobre el escaso potencial de los movimientos latinoamericanos como actores críticos de la modernidad.

  9. Coccidiosis en los animales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Sánchez Herrera

    1937-05-01

    Full Text Available Los trabajos llevados a cabo por mí sobre coccidiosis en el Departamento de Anatomía Comparada de la Escuela de Medicina de Harvard, me dan tema para llenar el requisito reglamentario en el concurso extraordinario para Profesores Agregados en el presente año.' Las experiencias fueron hechas en 1931 bajo la direccién del Profesor de Anatomía Comparada, Dr. Ernest Edward Tyzzer, y se emplearon más o menos 150 pollos de 6 a 73 días de edad. La historia clínica de cada pollo comprendía su edad, su número, fecha de la comida infectante, fecha de la muerte o del comienzo de la convalecencia y porcentaje de mortalidad. A esto había que agregar el resultado de los exámenes microscópicos y si el animal hahía sido sacrificado o había muerto a consecuencia de la infección. Teniendo en cuenta que los coccidios son protozoarios de la clasede los esporozoarios, he creído conveniente dividir este estudio en cuatro partes: Protozoarios en general. Clase de los Esporozoaríos, Orden de los coccidios. Conclusiones

  10. Estereotipos hacia los ancianos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Gil Barreiro

    1997-02-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo en 4 grupos etáreos diferentes: 20; 40; 60 y 70 años, del área de salud que abarca el Policlínico Docente "Lawton", con vistas a determinar cómo se estructuran los estereotipos hacia los ancianos. El instrumento de evaluación utilizado se confeccionó para la ocasión: la escala de adjetivos. El estereotipo más positivo hacia los ancianos lo evidenciaron los individuos de 40 años, a los que le siguieron, en orden decreciente, los de 70; 20 y 60 años.A descriptive study was a carried out in four different age groups: 20, 40, 60, and 70 years old, in the health area belonging to the "Lawton" Teaching Policlinic, in order to determine how the stereotypes towards the older people are formulated. The adjective scale was the assessing instrument built for the ocassion. The most positive stereotype towards the elder was demonstrated by individuals 40 years of age, followed in decreasing order, by the 70, 20, and 60 years old groups.

  11. A Theory on Fashion Consumption

    OpenAIRE

    Fang Ma; Huijing Shi; Lihua Chen; Yiping Luo

    2012-01-01

    Both the theory of top-down penetration of fashion consumption (Veblen - Simmel model) and the theory of bottom-up fashion consumption have been found consistent with the consumer behavior in the China¡¯s fashion consumer market and the trend of such behavior keeps growing. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out a study on fashion consumption to meet the needs of the development of real life and fashion consumption. Firstly, we describe the content of fashion consumption, discuss the connota...

  12. Population growth and consumption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chalkley, K

    1997-04-01

    The relationship between population growth, resource consumption, and environmental degradation is complex. The rise in "greenhouse gases" that will cause climatic change is clearly due to human activity, and pollutants are often concentrated in densely populated areas. However, even an area with a negative population growth, such as Russia, can experience severe environmental degradation due to poor management. Consumption patterns have the most effect on ozone depletion, while population growth threatens biodiversity of and within species through the destruction of ecosystems. Migration joins population growth and social factors, such as land inequality, as major causes of deforestation, and global demand for water is expected to increase faster than the rate of population growth. Coastal development and over-fishing threaten to deplete the oceans, while soil quality is threatened by inappropriate land use. Estimates of the earth's carrying capacity range from less than 3 billion to more than 44 billion people, indicating how difficult it is to assess this figure. Development efforts throughout the world may lead to human gains that will ultimately be negated by environmental losses. These factors have led to growing support for environmentally sustainable development.

  13. Sustainable Consumption Dilemmas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kees Vringer

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available To examine which considerations play a role when individuals make decisions to purchase sustainable product varieties or not, we have conducted a large scale field experiment with more than 600 participating households. Households can vote on whether the budgets they receive should only be spent on purchasing the sustainable product variety, or whether every household in a group is free to spend their budget on any product variety. By conducting several treatments, we tested whether people tend to view sustainable consumption as a social dilemma or as a moral dilemma. We find little support for the hypothesis that social dilemma considerations are the key drivers of sustainable consumption behaviour. Participants seem to be caught in a moral dilemma in which they not only weigh their individual financial costs with the sustainable benefits but they also consider the consequences of restricting other people’s freedom of choice. Complementary survey results further substantiate this claim and show that many people are reluctant to impose restrictions on their peers, but, at the same time, our results also suggest substantial support for the government to regulate the availability of unsustainable product varieties.

  14. Energy consumption declined in 1993

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1994-01-01

    On presenting the energy consumption figures for 1993 the Minister for Economic Affairs of Baden-Wuerttemberg Dieter Spoeri (SPD) spoke of the eternal task of saving energy. In his view the slight decline in energy consumption from 1992 to 1993 should not be interpreted as a greater willingness to save energy; its main cause is rather to be seen in the course of the economy. According to estimations, total energy consumption fell 0.5% and electricity consumption 1.0% from 1992 to 1993. The economy on the other hand, still a decisive factor in energy consumption, is estimated to have declined 3% during that period. In the ten years from 1983 to 1993 total energy consumption in the Land rose an average annual 1.8% while electricity consumption kept astride with the economy with an average annual rise 2.7%, he said. (orig./HP) [de

  15. Disponibilidade domiciliar de lipídeos para consumo e sua relação com os lipídeos séricos de adolescentes Disponibilidad domiciliar de lípidos para consumo y su relación con los lípidos séricos de adolescentes Household availability of lipids for consumption and its relationship with serum lipids in adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivian Siqueira S. Gonçalves

    2012-06-01

    .OBJETIVO: Relacionar la disponibilidad domiciliar de lípidos para consumo y el perfil lipídico sérico de adolescentes. MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal, observacional. Se evaluó a 95 adolescentes púberes de 10 a 13 años, de escuelas públicas en Viçosa, Minas Gerais (Brasil. Se utilizó una lista de compras mensual para evaluación de la disponibilidad de alimentos per capita. Se recogió muestra de sangre de los adolescentes, adoptándose lo preconizado por la Sociedad Brasileña de Cardiología como referencia para adecuación del perfil lipídico. Para las variables categóricas, se utilizó la prueba de chi cuadrado y se calculó la Odds Ratio. Para comparar los grupos, se aplicaron las pruebas de Mann-Whitney o t de Student, Kruskall-Wallis o ANOVA. Se verificó la relación entre exámenes bioquímicos y disponibilidad de lípidos por las correlaciones de Spearman o de Pearson. RESULTADOS: De la energía total disponible, el 27,2% fue proveniente de lípidos. La disponibilidad de ácidos grasos saturados, monoinsaturados o poli-insaturados, estuvo en conformidad con la recomendación de consumo. Respecto a los lípidos séricos, 51,9% de los muchachos y 55,8% de las muchachas presentaron alteraciones de colesterol total (p=0,66; 18,6 y 25,6% de los muchachos y muchachas, respectivamente, presentaron aumento de los triglicéridos (muchachas>muchachos; p=0,02. Respecto al LDL, 21,2 y 32,6% de los muchachos y muchachas, respectivamente, presentaron alteraciones (p=0,91. La prevalencia de inadecuación para HDL fue de 26,9 y 30,2% (p=0,93 respectivamente para muchachos y muchachas. No hubo correlación entre lípidos disponibles para consumo y lípidos séricos. Los adolescentes que poseían más que 35% de lípidos disponibles para consumo tuvieron 9,1 veces más posibilidad de presentar alteraciones de colesterol total (IC95% 1,81-61,74. CONCLUSIONES: Es posible que adolescentes con mayor disponibilidad de lípidos para consumo presenten colesterol total más elevado

  16. Sustainable Consumption: Research Challenges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reisch, Lucia A.; Cohen, Maurie J.; Thøgersen, John

    The Board of the Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research (Mistra) decided in October 2015 that a proposal for a funding application call in the research area of “sustainable consumption” should be drawn up. According to the statutes of Mistra, research funded by the foundation...... international senior researchers in the eld — Lucia A. Reisch, Maurie J. Cohen, John B. Thøgersen and Arnold Tukker (see Appendix 3) — to draft a background report to prepare the call. The group’s tasks were outlined as follows: ► to describe the challenges facing society in this area, and the political (and...... the orientation of a new research program to be used as draft text for the call for funding applications. The aim of this background report is hence to shed light on future research topics within sustainable consumption from a Swedish perspective. The research pro- moted should help to develop Sweden...

  17. High Antibiotic Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malo, Sara; José Rabanaque, María; Feja, Cristina

    2014-01-01

    Heavy antibiotic users are those individuals with the highest exposure to antibiotics. They play an important role as contributors to the increasing risk of antimicrobial resistance. We applied different methods to identify and characterize the group of heavy antibiotic users in Spain as well...... as their exposure to antibiotics. Data on outpatient prescribing of antimicrobials (ATC J01) in 2010 were obtained from a prescription database covering Aragón (northeastern Spain). The antimicrobial consumption at the individual level was analysed both according to the volume of DDD and the number of packages...... purchased per year. Heavy antibiotic users were identified according to Lorenz curves and characterized by age, gender, and their antimicrobial prescription profile. Lorenz curves demonstrated substantial differences in the individual use of antimicrobials. Heavy antibiotic users (5% of individuals...

  18. RCA : resource consumptions accounting

    OpenAIRE

    Valeska Rodriguez Lucas de Freitas

    2013-01-01

    Devido à grande concorrência do mercado o controle de custos passa a ser peça fundamental no auxílio à tomada de decisão quanto à redução dos custos, visando uma lucratividade maior por parte das empresas. Essa dissertação trata sobre um novo modelo de custos, o RCA – Resource Consumption Accounting, que ainda não foi adotado por nenhuma empresa. Esse novo método de custeio foi aplicado como modelo piloto em uma empresa Americana onde os resultados foram favoráveis a ele em relação aos modelo...

  19. Machismo en los medios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa María Alfaro

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En "Auge y caída de los vÍdeo juegos" el autor señala que las tecnologías digitales cambian aceleradamente. Cada cambio impacta en el entorno de la sociedad y la cultura ¿Cómo adaptarse a estos retos? ¿Cómo controlarlos? se responde en el artículo. Otro artículo hace alusión a la conmemoración de los 10 años de la Declaración del Nuevo Orden Internacional de la Información y Comunicación - NOIIC-. Radio boletín informativo para niños cita las recomendaciones dadas en el Seminario realizado por el CIESPAL, la O E A , Radio Nederland y la Fundación Friedrich E. y confirma la necesidad de que si se va a comunicar a los niños, es necesario capacitarse. Se analiza el decálogo del comunicador infantil, enfatizando en que los niños valen y exigen. "Avances psicológicos de la publicidad" es un resumen del libro de William Meyers "Los creadores de imagen" trata básicamente del poder de persuasión de Madison Avenue en sus campañas publicitarias y explica la cultura consumista en Estados Unidos, luego de la segunda guerra Mundial.

  20. Quistes de los maxilares

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Alberto Manotas Arevalo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Los Grandes Quistes de los Maxilares han estado vinculados siempre a la humanidad, desde tiempos remotos, pues han sido halladas en restos de especimenes fosiles, han llamado la atencion de los clínicos, en torno a su etiologia, en la que se ha introducido la participacion de la genetica, (demostrada en el desarrollo de los queratoquistes maxilares, la fisiopatologia, caracteristicas histologicas (inmunohistoquimica, posibilidades diagnosticas por la imagen, (como la tomografia computarizada y la resonancia nuclear magnetica y otras pruebas. Además llaman la atención al estudio, por sus alternativas de manejo especialmente las formas radicales, y el analisis de asociaciones a otras patolo-gias benignas y malignas, y de la recurrencia muy alto de algunas de estas lesiones. Mucho se ha desarrollado para elucidar su naturaleza real, estadificar adecuadamente la lesion descartando asocia-ciones patologicas sindromicas, indicar un tratamiento apropiado, y realizar seguimientos a largo plazo. Este articulo pretende recaudar una information general que de parametros para abordar el estudio de los quistes maxilares a partir de la presentacion de un caso clinico.

  1. Nota a los lectores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blasco Fernando Checa Montúfar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Tres temas de fondo hacen esta publicación: Periodismo y democracia, Legislación de medios en América Latina y Comunicación con extraterrestres. En el primer caso con variedad de enfoques busca contribuir a crear responsabilidad en el periodismo como servicio y bien público, de los medios como espacios de diálogo social sobre los cuales se edifique la democracia. Se presentan algunas ponencias del Encuentro del G-8, realizado en Caracas en Noviembre de 1996 Seminario "Legislación de Medios en América Latina", especialmente el de radiodifusión y la necesidad de democratizar el espectro más otros artículos relacionados con el tema. En cuanto a las inquietudes de cómo establecer o responder a la comunicación si llegaran o se contactaran los extraterrestres, los integrantes del Comité S.E.T.I. (Search Extraterrestrial Intelligence vienen analizando en varios foros internacionales tres de los cuales se realizaron en Capri, Toronto y Beijing.

  2. The Los Alamos primer

    CERN Document Server

    Serber, Robert

    2018-01-01

    Unabridged declassified value reproduction of The Los Alamos Primer by Robert Serber, in full color with all censor markings. This is the booklet given to new workers at Los Alamos during World War II, to catch them up on how to build a practical fission bomb. The Primer was driven by Robert Oppenheimer asking his protégé Robert Serber to summarize all knowledge and possible solutions known as of April 1943 in a series of lectures. Serber did such an excellent job that the notes from the series was turned into The Los Alamos Primer. Serber was known as an expert that bridged theory and reality, and so was also chosen to be one of the first Americans to enter Hiroshima and Nagasaki to assess the atomic damage in 1945.

  3. Los Cuchillos de Albacete

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez Lorente, Juan J.

    1967-12-01

    Full Text Available Not available.

    DE la larga honrosa tradición española en la fabricación artesana de aceros para armas blancas, que alcanzó su cima en los siglos XVI y XVII, y desapareció casi totalmente en el XVIII con la importación de los espadines franceses puestos de moda por la corte de don Felipe de Borbón, puede decirse que no queda en nuestros días vestigio alguno, si se exceptúan los modestos esfuerzos estatales centralizados en la Fábrica Nacional de Armas de Toledo, y la pujante industria cuchillera de Albacete.

  4. Los refugiados de facto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina J. Gortázar Rotaeche

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Los Estados de “nueva creación” que han accedido a su independencia tras la labor descolonizadora de las Naciones Unidas, han sido el caldo de cultivo de los denominados “nuevos refugiados” o “refugiados de facto” ya que dichos Estados poseen soberanías débiles que no logran fortificarse debido a sus paupérrimas economías; esta situación ha hecho llegar a un sinfín de guerras civiles y consecuentemente a la producción de desplazamientos humanos forzosos. La tragedia que se vive estos días en la región de los Grandes Lagos aporta un trágico y espeluznante botón de muestra.

  5. Los Alamos offers Fellowships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico is calling for applications for postdoctoral appointments and research fellowships. The positions are available in geoscience as well as other scientific disciplines.The laboratory, which is operated by the University of California for the Department of Energy, awards J. Robert Oppenheimer Research Fellowships to scientists that either have or will soon complete doctoral degrees. The appointments are for two years, are renewable for a third year, and carry a stipend of $51,865 per year. Potential applicants should send a resume or employment application and a statement of research goals to Carol M. Rich, Div. 89, Human Resources Development Division, MS P290, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 by mid-November.

  6. Instrucciones a los Autores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    revistaiid@ uptc.edu.co

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Ingeniería,  Investigación y Desarrollo publica  trabajos inéditos sobre geología, minería, electrónica, industrial y ciencias afines, en español. Podrán publicarse artículos originales, de investigación y/o innovación tecnológica, de revisión o réplicas de publicaciones de la propia revista. Además, se podrán incluir  resúmenes de  tesis,  reseñas de  libros y comunicaciones de  interés a estas profesiones.Para  la presentación de  los artículos  se debe  tener en cuenta que: Los artículos serán evaluados por   el comité Editorial y un árbitro, el que se reserva el derecho de decidir sobre su publicación. Los  trabajos enviados a  Ingeniería,  Investigación y Desarrollo, no podrán ser sometidos simultáneamente a evaluación por otro medio de publicación. El contenido de los trabajos   es responsabilidad exclusiva de sus autores. No se devolverán los originales de los trabajos

  7. Los jefes de prensa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Raffo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Los jefes de prensa son un emergente de la moderna tecnología aplicada al campo de las ciencias sociales, son voceros del presidente porque éste necesita estar conectado al trafico informativo cotidiano. Son también piezas clave en el juego de la política de un Estado. Pero en la práctica, muchas veces son solo los "mensajeros" del príncipe de turno. Deben ser leales y de absoluta confianza. Pero sin quebrantar la ética y su compromiso con el pueblo. Cita el caso del vocero de Menem.

  8. Los hijos de Kafka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Díaz Villarreal

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Kafka intentó sin éxito publicar un libro, titulado Los hijos, en el que se reunían tres relatos compuestos en el invierno entre 1912 y 1913: “La condena”, “La metamorfosis” y “El fogonero”. En este ensayo, el autor interpreta estos tres relatos como una unidad, a partir del motivo que sugiere el título del libro proyectado por Kafka. Así, estos tres textos exploran los intentos fallidos del hijo por autoafirmarse dentro de la opresiva esfera de influencia del padre.

  9. Energy consumption and conservation, evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Acket, C.

    2006-04-01

    The energy consumption is increasing of more than 1% each year. It is necessary to slow down this growth and much better to inverse it. Observing the main consumption posts, energy saving is possible at short dated for the residential sector and medium and long dated for the transports and the industry. Anyway the individual behaviors are essential. The author presents the situation for each posts, providing data on the energy consumption and saving and recommendations. (A.L.B.)

  10. Motivaciones de los Consumidores para Asistir a los Mercados de los Agricultores de Utah

    OpenAIRE

    Curtis, Kynda; Gumirakiza, J. Dominique

    2014-01-01

    Los mercados de los agricultores (FM por sus siglas en inglés) ofrecen oportunidades a los agricultores locales y pequeñas empresas para vender directamente a los consumidores, incrementar su base de clientes, así como probar nuevos productos y estrategias de precios.

  11. On monitoring unrecorded alcohol consumption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jürgen Rehm

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Unrecorded alcohol consumption is a global problem, with about 25% of all alcohol consumption concerning this category. There are different forms of unrecorded alcohol, legally produced versus illegally produced, artisanal vs industrially produced, and then surrogate alcohol, which is officially not intended for human consumption. Monitoring and surveillance of unrecorded consumption is not well developed. The World Health Organization has developed a monitoring system, using the Nominal Group Technique, a variant of the Delphi methodology. Experiences with this methodology over the past two years are reported. Finally, conclusions for the monitoring and surveillance at the national level are given.

  12. Analysis and evaluation of the main factors that influence the growing of the electrical power consumption in the national electrical sector, period 2000-2005; Analisis y evaluacion de los principales factores que influyen en el crecimiento del consumo de energia electrica en el sector electrico nacional, periodo 2000-2005

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aguilar Luna, Luis Miguel

    2008-06-15

    With the purpose of avoiding the installation of new transmission lines, some researches have proposed the installation of SIFLETCA devices. Therefore in this thesis, different models in steady state of diverse SIFLETCA devices are described, such as: compensator variable series (VSC), static compensator of VArs (SCV), transformer phase shifter (TPS), transformer with changer under load (TWCL) and the universal controller of power flows (UCPF). In addition, it is developed in this thesis the equations used in the Jacobean of the method Newton-Raphson, to solve power flows including SIFLETCA devices. The different applications that are obtained when installing a device, such as prevention of flows in ring, electronic barrier, increment in the transmission capacity and specification of the power flow in transmission lines. On the other hand in the thesis, an analysis of sensitivities of a power system in steady state is developed. Also the control parameters are proposed in the thesis for which the sensitivities are calculated. Also, a performance index is used to measure the degree of congestion of an electrical system. In calculating the sensitivities the obtained results of the power flows are utilized. Four electrical networks are used to find where each SIFLETCA device must be located to reduce the congestion in the system. Also, the method developed in the thesis is compared with a method of sensitivities that uses DC flows, for validation and to show the advantages of using the Newton method in power flows. [Spanish] Con el fin de evitar instalar nuevas lineas de transmision, algunos investigadores han propuesto la instalacion de los dispositivos SIFLETCA. Por lo tanto en esta tesis, se describe diferentes modelos en estado estacionario de diversos dispositivos SIFLETCA, siendo: compensador serie variable (CSV), compensador estatico de VArs (CEV), transformador desfasador (TD), transformador con cambiador bajo carga (TTC) y el controlador universal de flujos

  13. Los pasivos mineros ambientales y los conflictos sociales en Hualgayoc

    OpenAIRE

    Pinto Herrera, Honori

    2014-01-01

    El trabajo trata sobre los pasivos ambientales mineros (PAM) y los conflictos sociales de Hualgayoc (Cajamarca), cuya atención ha sido considerada prioritaria por el Ministerio de Energía y Minas (MEM). Contiene número de PAM, una descripción histórica de este centro minero, una breve cronología que presenta los esfuerzos del MEM y FONAM para lograr la remediación de los PAM, finalmente se exponen los hechos estructurales y coyunturales que impiden la remediación cabal de los PAM en Hualgayoc...

  14. Sociology of Drug Consumption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available In this article which is a review of sociological ideas and studies of drug abusers in social situation, drug addiction steps (particularly alcohol, heroin and cocaine consumption are revised and some explanations are made. Also, the role of some sociological ideas in drug addiction is considered in which Anomie Theory reads: "because of such duality, the individuals who are not satisfied with their role are in hurt." According to this theory, drug users choose seclusion and neglecting usual social aims as well as competitive situations. Association of Differentiation Theory claims that drug use behavior is a learned behavior and the first learning occurs in a friendly small group (i.e. youngsters. Social Control theory believes that one can predict normal and abnormal behaviors through the rate of individuals' social commitments. Internal and external controls also determine commitment rate. Micro-cultural theory considers drug use as a compatibility with abnormal micro-culture rules. Symbolic Mutual Action Believes that the etiquettes which society attribute to individuals/behaviors determine their acquired social reactions rather than any inherited acquisition.

  15. Survey on food consumption

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ohmomo, Yoichiro

    1979-01-01

    Critical pathway approach is one of the methods for estimating discharge limits of radioactive nuclides into an environment. In connection with this it is presented that a term of 'critical group' is in danger of leading to the misunderstanding of 'dangerous group'. However, in fact, the present discharge is limited to a level as low as practicable. Therefore, on the evaluation of intermal radiation dose for such a low release, a term of 'reference group' should be recommended instead of critical group. In order to select reasonably 'the reference group', it was proposed to calculate 'effective whole body dose-equivalent limit', which was recommended by ICRP publication 26. It is a convenient method to sum up individual weighed dose of each critical organ by using the value of a ratio obtained from Wt as a weighing factor. Finally instructions for the survey on food consumption and the results were summarized on the basis of ten-years survey experiences in coastal area of Ibaraki prefecture. (author)

  16. Los murales bogotanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Moreno Clavijo

    1966-07-01

    Full Text Available No son muchos, en realidad, los muros que en esta capital colombiana se han enriquecido con el aporte de nuestros pintores colombianos. En proporción al crecimiento urbano y al adelanto en otros terrenos, nuestros artistas han sido poco requeridos en este particular.

  17. LOS ALAMOS: Hadron future

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ernst, David J.

    1992-01-01

    At a Workshop on the Future of Hadron Facilities, held on 15-16 August at Los Alamos National Laboratory, several speakers pointed out that the US physics community carrying out fixed target experiments with hadron beam had not been as successful with funding as it deserved. To rectify this, they said, the community should be better organized and present a more united front

  18. Los beneficios del TLC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martín Uribe Arbeláez

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El tlc usa-Colombia aumenta la protección de la propiedad intelectual por encima de la normatividad internacional plasmada en los Acuerdos adpic de la omc y en la Decisión 486 de 2000, de la Comunidad Andina de Naciones. Intensifica la llamada “apertura económica” consagrando un modelo exportador. El propósito de este ensayo es analizar lo que representa para el desarrollo económico y social, con énfasis en los dramáticos cambios que se introducen en el Régimen Común de Propiedad Industrial. El saqueo de la biodiversidad, “patentes a plantas o animales”, los enormes costos para la salud pública, la competitividad basada en las maquilas y la pauperización social, contradicen los sofismas que parecen evocar el realismo mágico como explicación de nuestra historia.�

  19. LOS ALAMOS: Hadron future

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ernst, David J.

    1992-11-15

    At a Workshop on the Future of Hadron Facilities, held on 15-16 August at Los Alamos National Laboratory, several speakers pointed out that the US physics community carrying out fixed target experiments with hadron beam had not been as successful with funding as it deserved. To rectify this, they said, the community should be better organized and present a more united front.

  20. Notes on Los Alamos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meade, Roger Allen [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2017-04-05

    In 1954 an unknown author drafted a report, reprinted below, describing the Laboratory and the community as they existed in late 1953. This report, perhaps intended to be crafted into a public relations document, is valuable because it gives us an autobiographical look at Los Alamos during the first half of the 1950s. It has been edited to enhance readability.

  1. Convergencia de los medios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón Salaverría

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Inicia definiendo qué es la convergencia multimedia y sus cuatro dimensiones: empresarial, tecnológica, profesional y comunicativa. La convergencia multimedia ha permitido que las empresas de comunicaciones hayan experimentado un evidente proceso de diversificación mediática y abierto nuevas posibilidades a los lenguajes periodísticos.

  2. Convergencia de los medios

    OpenAIRE

    Salaverría, R. (Ramón)

    2003-01-01

    Inicia definiendo qué es la convergencia multimedia y sus cuatro dimensiones: empresarial, tecnológica, profesional y comunicativa. La convergencia multimedia ha permitido que las empresas de comunicaciones hayan experimentado un evidente proceso de diversificación mediática y abierto nuevas posibilidades a los lenguajes periodísticos.

  3. Indicaciones a los Autores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Academia Nacional de Medicina

    1985-04-01

    Full Text Available

    1. La revista MEDICINA, órgano oficial de la Academia Nacional de Medicina, de Colombia, publica artículos de toda especialidad previa aprobación del Comité Editorial.

    2. Los trabajos deben ser inéditos y suministrados a la revista. Su reproducción total o parcial debe contar con la aprobación del editor y dar crédito a la publicación original.

    3. Los trabajos deben ser entregados a la Revista, Calle 60A No. 5-29, sede de la Academia, Bogotá, Colombia, en originales escritos a máquina en papel blanco tamaño carta empleando una sola cara del papel, con tinta negra y a doble espacio, guardando un margen izquierdo de 4 cm.

    4. Cada componente del trabajo debe iniciarse en una nueva página de acuerdo con la siguiente secuencia: página del título, resumen y palabras claves, texto, resumen en inglés (summary si es el caso, agradecimientos, bibliografía, tablas (cada tabla en página separada con su título y notas y leyendas para las figuras.

    5. En la primera página se incluye el título, corto y que refleje el contenido del artículo, el nombre del autor y sus colaboradores con los respectivos títulos académicos y el nombre de la institución a la cual pertenecen.

    6. El resumen, de no más de 150 palabras, debe enunciar los propósitos del estudio o de la investigación, los procedimientos básicos, los hallazgos principales y las conclusiones. A continuación del resumen deben suministrarse entre 3 y 10 palabras claves o frases cortas que servirán para elaborar el índice anual de materias.

    7. El texto debe incluir introducción, material y métodos, resultados y discusión: las abreviaturas deben explicarse y su uso limitarse.

    8. El resumen en inglés (summary, debe contener los mismos puntos del resumen original.

    9. La bibliografía se numera de acuerdo con el orden de aparición de las citas en el texto y se escriben a doble espacio....

  4. Frontiers in sustainable consumption research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reisch, Lucia A.; Cohen, Maurie J.; Thøgersen, John

    2016-01-01

    While the field of sustainable consumption research is relatively young, it has already attracted scholars from all corners of the social sciences. The time has come to identify a new research agenda as trends in sustainable consumption research seem to suggest the dawning of a new phase. Not only...

  5. Canonical Authors in Consumption Theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Canonical Authors in Consumption Theory is the first work to compile the contributions of the greatest social thinkers in the global conversation about consumption and consumer culture. A prestigious reference work, it offers original chapters by the world's most prominent thought leaders and sur...

  6. Sustainable Consumption and Life Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Jing Jian; Li, Haifeng

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the association between sustainable consumption and life satisfaction. One aspect of sustainable consumption focused on in this study is the environment friendly purchase or green purchase. Using data collected from consumers in 14 cities in China, we found that consumers who reported green purchase…

  7. Second-home electricity consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller Andersen, Frits; Christensen, M.S.; Jensen, O.M.

    2008-01-01

    in electricity consumption. Luxury tourism use and senior citizens' that use a few per cent of the second homes as their home contribute to a minor degree to the overall increase of electricity consumption. Scenarios show that this development may accelerate with increased leisure time, increased use and more...

  8. Second-home electricity consumption

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andersen, Frits M.; Morthorst, Poul Erik [Risoe, Systems Analysis Department, Technical University of Denmark, P.O. Box 49, DK-4000 Roskilde (Denmark); Christensen, Morten S.; Kofoed, Niels-Ulrik [Esbensen Consulting Engineers, Carl Jacobsens Vej 25D, DK-2500 Valby (Denmark); Jensen, Ole Michael [Danish Building Research Institute, Department of Energy and Environment, University of Aalborg, P.O. Box 119, DK-2970 Horsholm (Denmark)

    2008-01-15

    In Denmark, electricity consumption in first and second homes has developed quite differently. Since 1990, electricity consumption in ordinary residences has grown moderately, while consumption in weekend and second homes has increased considerably. In turn, this development has been blamed on a growing number of luxury cottages, new legislation permitting senior citizens to have their permanent address in their second home and a growing number of electric appliances. In order to examine the growing electricity consumption in second homes and to estimate future demand, a multidisciplinary study combining top-down and bottom-up analyses was conducted, i.e., combining models using aggregated economic parameters and feasibility studies using technical parameters, respectively. The top-down estimation showed that changes in electricity consumption in second homes correlate to changes in income. The bottom-up estimation showed that consumption was mainly affected by the frequency with which second homes were used in the winter time. This indicates that additional second homes, increased full-time use and intensified use of electric appliances are the main reasons for the observed increases in electricity consumption. Luxury tourism use and senior citizens' that use a few per cent of the second homes as their home contribute to a minor degree to the overall increase of electricity consumption. Scenarios show that this development may accelerate with increased leisure time, increased use and more permanent settlement in second homes. (author)

  9. Second-home electricity consumption

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andersen, Frits M.; Christensen, Morten S.; Jensen, Ole Michael; Kofoed, Niels-Ulrik; Morthorst, Poul Erik

    2008-01-01

    In Denmark, electricity consumption in first and second homes has developed quite differently. Since 1990, electricity consumption in ordinary residences has grown moderately, while consumption in weekend and second homes has increased considerably. In turn, this development has been blamed on a growing number of luxury cottages, new legislation permitting senior citizens to have their permanent address in their second home and a growing number of electric appliances. In order to examine the growing electricity consumption in second homes and to estimate future demand, a multidisciplinary study combining top-down and bottom-up analyses was conducted, i.e., combining models using aggregated economic parameters and feasibility studies using technical parameters, respectively. The top-down estimation showed that changes in electricity consumption in second homes correlate to changes in income. The bottom-up estimation showed that consumption was mainly affected by the frequency with which second homes were used in the winter time. This indicates that additional second homes, increased full-time use and intensified use of electric appliances are the main reasons for the observed increases in electricity consumption. Luxury tourism use and senior citizens' that use a few per cent of the second homes as their home contribute to a minor degree to the overall increase of electricity consumption. Scenarios show that this development may accelerate with increased leisure time, increased use and more permanent settlement in second homes

  10. Consumers’ first impressions of consumption environments: a cultural perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pirjo Laaksonen

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este trabajo es analizar las diferencias culturales entre los consumidores finlandeses y españoles en lo que respecta a los aspectos visuales de los entornos de consumo. El texto aborda estas cuestiones mediante la ampliación del análisis de la percepción de los consumidores de las claves del entorno al estudio de la experiencia de los entornos de consumo. El objeto de este artículo es, en primer lugar, analizar los generadores de las primeras impresiones visuales en el consumidor y, en segundo lugar, estudiar el mecanismo de aproximación-evitación al evocar la dimensión de los entornos visuales. Los datos se recogieron mediante entrevistas personales en Finlandia y España. Se mostraron seis fotos de interiores de cafés a 200 encuestados de Finlandia y a otros 200 encuestados de España. A los encuestados se les pidió que eligieran el café al que les gustaría y al que no les gustaría ir y después decir por qué lo habían elegido. En el artículo se explica la forma en que los generadores de las primeras impresiones visuales (rasgos distintivos, estilo, atmósfera, funcionalidad y accesibilidad se relacionan con los cuatro mecanismos de aproximación-evitación al evocar las dimensiones de los entornos visuales (percibir, pensar, sentir y actuar Los resultados iniciales indican cómo una misma dimensión evaluativa puede producir tanto conductas de aproximación como de evitación. En el documento se señalan y analizan las diferencias culturales en lo que se refiere a las estimaciones de los consumidores y a la interpretación de los entornos visuales.The purpose of this paper is to analyze cultural differences between Finnish and Spanish consumers with regard to the visual aspects of consumption environments. The paper approaches these issues by extending the analysis of consumers’ perception of environmental cues to the analysis of the experiencing of consumption environments. The objectives of this paper are

  11. A consumption value-gap analysis for sustainable consumption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biswas, Aindrila

    2017-03-01

    Recent studies on consumption behavior have depicted environmental apprehension resulting from across wide consumer segments. However, this has not been widely reflected upon the growth in the market shares for green or environment-friendly products mostly because gaps exist between consumers' expectations and perceptions for those products. Previous studies have highlighted the impact of perceived value on potential demand, consumer satisfaction and behavioral intentions. The necessity to understand the effects of gaps in expected and perceived values on consumers' behavioral intention and potential demand for green products cannot be undermined as it shapes the consumers' inclination to repeated purchase and consumption and thus foster potential market demand. Pertaining to this reason, the study aims to adopt a consumption value-gap model based on the theory of consumption values to assess their impact on sustainable consumption behavior and market demand of green products. Consumption value refers to the level of fulfillment of consumer needs by assessment of net utility derived after effective comparison between the benefits (financial or emotional) and the gives (money, time, or energy). The larger the gaps the higher will be the adversarial impact on behavioral intentions. A structural equation modeling was applied to assess data collected through questionnaire survey. The results indicate that functional value-gap and environmental value-gap has the most adversarial impact on sustainable consumption behavior and market demand for green products.

  12. Palacio de los Deportes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Candela Outeriño, F.

    1968-11-01

    Full Text Available This building was specially built for the Mexico Olympic Games, and was the site for the basketball competition. But during the design stage it was foreseen that it could be later adapted to various other uses, such as boxing matches, ice skating displays, theatre, circus, shows, etc. It has 19.834 seats for spectators. Its circular planform has a 180 m diameter, and there are three levels of organisation. — on the lower level there is accommodation for the competitors, the press and the organisers of the Olympic Competitions; — the main level houses the entrance halls, the stairs, and access to the lower and middle spectator stands; — the top level has the washrooms for the public, the special stands and access to the middle and top stands. The outstanding feature of this sports palace is its general structure, which from the outset was regarded as the dominant element of the design, and also defined its plastic and spatial quality.Este edificio, construido para los Juegos Olímpicos de México, fue destinado a los juegos de baloncesto, pero al proyectarlo se previó que posteriormente pudiera servir para múltiples usos: celebración de combates de boxeo, espectáculos sobre hielo, teatro, circo, etc. Tiene capacidad para 19.824 espectadores sentados. Su planta es circular, con un diámetro total de 180 m, y está organizada en tres niveles: — en el nivel inferior se alojan: los servicios para deportistas, prensa y organización del Certamen Olímpico; —el nivel principal alberga: los vestíbulos, escaleras y accesos a gradería baja y media; — y en el nivel superior se distribuyen: los servicios para público, palcos y accesos a gradería media y alta. En este Palacio de los Deportes destaca su estructura general que fue considerada, desde la fase del proyecto, como el elemento dominante de la composición, y el determinante de su sentido plástico y espacial.

  13. Reusing of types wastes in way construction. First part; Reutilizacion de neumaticos usados en la construccion de carreteras 1 parte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tomas Raz, R.

    2001-07-01

    Used vehicle tyres involve an ecological problem, regarding waste products. Both Spanish and European Environmental Standards promote waste recycling instead of waste incineration, which is specifically applicable to waste tyres. The Engineering Group, Elsamex, has developed, through its research centre CIESM, a researching line completely feasible, offering a recycling option based on the addition, by means of three different techniques, of the refused tyres rubber powder to the asphalt mixes for road construction. This is the refused tyre treatment, which contributes, to a greater extent, to a sustainable development, mostly thanks to the great capacity of roads for using this product as raw materials. Added to this, there is an environmental benefit derived from the ecological treatment used with refused tyres, and its efficacy. Moreover, the treatment helps to the production of asphalt mixes with longer durability with a wet process. This allows long term money saving in road maintenance. (Author)

  14. Electric Power Consumption Coefficients for U.S. Industries: Regional Estimation and Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boero, Riccardo [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2017-07-21

    Economic activity relies on electric power provided by electrical generation, transmission, and distribution systems. This paper presents a method developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory to estimate electric power consumption by different industries in the United States. Results are validated through comparisons with existing literature and benchmarking data sources. We also discuss the limitations and applications of the presented method, such as estimating indirect electric power consumption and assessing the economic impact of power outages based on input-output economic models.

  15. Los indios y los empedrados sotaquireños

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwin Giovanni Quesada-Cárdenas

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo de investigación describe la preparación de los platos culinarios tradicionales del municipio de Sotaquirá (Boyacá, que hacen parte de los saberes ancestrales que han prevalecido generacionalmente en los habitantes del municipio; ya que caracterizan la identidad sotaquireña. También se exponen algunos elementos sobre la gestión de la administración municipal (2012-2015 para promover la permanencia y reconocimiento de estos saberes como patrimonio cultural. El contenido del artículo es el resultado de la investigación “Identidad campesina en torno a los oficios tradicionales en el municipio de Sotaquirá (2013-2015”; que tuvo como fin describir las costumbres culturales en torno a los oficios tradicionales, que configuran la identidad campesina de los habitantes del municipio de Sotaquirá. El enfoque metodológico fue cualitativo desde la corriente socio-critica; se usaron la entrevista y la observación participante para reconocer la importancia de los platos que se configuran como aspectos fundamentales de la identidad de los sotaquireños. Se destaca que este trabajo logró generar espacios de reflexión con los entrevistados respecto de los oficios tradicionales culinarios del municipio en torno al reconocimiento del valor de los platos como patrimonio cultural y las particularidades del plato de acuerdo con los contextos familiares.

  16. Machismo en los medios

    OpenAIRE

    Rosa María Alfaro

    2015-01-01

    En "Auge y caída de los vÍdeo juegos" el autor señala que las tecnologías digitales cambian aceleradamente. Cada cambio impacta en el entorno de la sociedad y la cultura ¿Cómo adaptarse a estos retos? ¿Cómo controlarlos? se responde en el artículo. Otro artículo hace alusión a la conmemoración de los 10 años de la Declaración del Nuevo Orden Internacional de la Información y Comunicación - NOIIC-. Radio boletín informativo para niños cita las recomendaciones dadas en el Seminario realizado po...

  17. The Los Angeles basin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rintoul, W.

    1991-01-01

    In the early 1890s, Edward L Doheny, a mining prospector down on his luck, observed residents of Los Angeles gathering brea from the area's tar pits for use as fuel in coal-scarce California. Realizing that this crude tar was petroleum that had congealed upon contact with the open air, Doheny explored the residential neighborhood near Westlake Park, pooled resources with Charles A Canfield, an old mining crony, and purchased a city lot for $400. This paper reports that drilling wells in the Los Angeles City field posed the problem of making oil production compatible with urban living. Residents had to deal with noise, dirt, traffic, odors, and waste disposal. At least one solution to the waste disposal problem proved unique. A homeowner with a rig in his backyard had no place for a sump in which to run waste water and mud. However, his house had a basement, and that's where the mud went

  18. Hasta los últimos confines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Córdoba, Joaquín Mª

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available El 19 de mayo de 1798, la flota encargada de trasladar el ejército que iba a conquistar Egipto levó anclas del puerto de Toulon. Aunque tres años después la aventura se saldara en fracaso, el siglo XIX comenzó así con este temprano intento francés, que consiguió dominar durante algún tiempo el Valle del Nilo, soñó abrir el Canal de Suez y decidió el desarrollo moderno de los estudios sobre la cultura islámica y el antiguo Egipto. Desde entonces y hasta la I Guerra Mundial, el mundo iba a vivir la incesante expansión europea, particularmente la de sus grandes estados como Inglaterra, Francia, Alemania y Rusia, cuyos viajeros, exploradores, colonos y ejércitos llegarían a todos los rincones del mundo…

  19. Los juegos gerenciales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter Rodríguez Herrera

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN Los juegos de simulación gerencial han sido diseñados como una herramienta didáctica que facilita el aprendizaje de la administración empresarial y como un ejercicio de entrenamiento para ejecutivos de empresas, que deseen desarrollar habilidades en la toma de decisiones gerenciales dentro de la actividad administrativa. En este artículo, se pretende mostrar de una manera general qué son los juegos de simulación, en qué se fundamentan, cuáles son sus objetivos, cómo es la metodología de operación y finalmente las ventajas y limitaciones en su aplicación.

  20. Se comunican los investigadores

    OpenAIRE

    Rafael Roncagliolo

    2015-01-01

    En Brasil se reunieron los investigadores de la comunicación de América Latina y del mundo (1992) El encuentro Latinoamericano fue en Embú-Guacú, poblado de la periferia de Sao Paulo, y el encuentro Mundial en Guarujá, balneario cercano al Puerto de Santos. La amplitud de la participación y la diversidad de temas y enfoques son indicios del desarrollo y dinamismo de la profesión.

  1. Se comunican los investigadores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Roncagliolo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En Brasil se reunieron los investigadores de la comunicación de América Latina y del mundo (1992 El encuentro Latinoamericano fue en Embú-Guacú, poblado de la periferia de Sao Paulo, y el encuentro Mundial en Guarujá, balneario cercano al Puerto de Santos. La amplitud de la participación y la diversidad de temas y enfoques son indicios del desarrollo y dinamismo de la profesión.

  2. Los Alamos Programming Models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bergen, Benjamin Karl [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-07-07

    This is the PDF of a powerpoint presentation from a teleconference on Los Alamos programming models. It starts by listing their assumptions for the programming models and then details a hierarchical programming model at the System Level and Node Level. Then it details how to map this to their internal nomenclature. Finally, a list is given of what they are currently doing in this regard.

  3. Reducing consumption through communal living

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herring, Horace [The Open Univ., Milton Keynes (United Kingdom). Energy and Environment Research Unit

    2003-07-01

    This paper examines ways consumers and communities can voluntarily adopt a low consumption (or low carbon) lifestyle, often termed 'voluntary simplicity' or a policy of 'sufficiency'. There is an increasing academic literature within Europe in the last five years on the whole question of 'sustainable consumption', and the relationship between income levels and consumption particularly at the household. This debate has moved beyond 'green consumerism' to look at building 'new concepts of prosperity' through local community actions, or reducing working time to allow more time for the creation of social capital. The paper will concentrate on one aspect of the quest for sustainable communities, the relevance of communal living to reducing consumption through examining energy consumption (both direct and indirect) in one such community in the UK. The results from this preliminary study reveal that it is not the sharing of resources that reduces consumption but the mutual reinforcement of attitudes towards a low consumption lifestyle. Thus it is the creation of social capital in a community that is its key to its ecological lifestyle.

  4. Survey on marine food consumption

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1974-01-01

    Predicting the future effluence of low level radioactive waste water from the nuclear fuel retreating facilities to the ocean, critical food and critical group were investigated in the inhabitants of the coast of Ibaragi Prefecture since 1969. The survey included investigation of drinking water, menu of meal, and marine food consumption, and the results of the third item were chiefly presented in this paper. Both interview by visiting each family, and questionaire were adopted for investigation. Subjects were fishermans' families in Wada-cho in Chiba Prefecture and Kuji-cho in Hitachi City, non-fishermans' families in Tokai vilage, and both families in Nakaminato City and Oarai. The ratio of animal protein consumption per whole protein consumption was remarkably higher than the average of all over the country(23.8 per cent), showing 49 per cent in Kuji-cho. Fishermans' families in Kuji-cho revealed to be a critical group. Marine products of their whole body edible included immature anchovy, sardine, and immature prawn with their maximum individual consumption being 5 kg, 10 kg, and 5.6 kg respectively. Therefore, sardine and immature prawn should be taken care of other than immature anchovy. Marine food consumption of a person per day was estimated from the amount consumed during one week in every season, i.e., during 28 days a year. Marine food consumption of fishermans' families in Kuji-cho showed no seasonal change. Average of marine food consumption in fishermans' families of Kuji-cho and Nakaminato, was 190 g and 132 g of raw fishes, 8 g and 6 g of raw shells, and 4 g and 5 g of dried algae. Consumption frequency and consumption rate of marine foods by kinds and seasons were presented in the tables. (Mukohata, S.)

  5. Los salesianos y los shuar construyendo la identidad cultural

    OpenAIRE

    Gnerre, Maurizio

    2012-01-01

    En el tema de las relaciones entre misioneros salesianos y el pueblo shuar existen, para los lectores interesados, algunas valiosas contribuciones de autores que conocieron y conocen muy bien, no solo la historia del vicariato Aposto?lico de Me?ndez y Gualaquiza, sino tambie?n el contexto histo?rico ma?s amplio en que se desarrollo? la actuacio?n de los salesianos entre los shuar, y en los u?ltimos cuarenta an?os tambie?n entre los achuar, en la Amazoni?a ecuatoriana.

  6. Muslim consumption and anti-consumption in Malaysia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fischer, Johan

    2015-01-01

    in Malaysia became the subject of increasing consumer activism and I explore how Malaysian federal state institutions, Islamic organizations and consumers respond to and are affected by calls to boycott (anti-consumption) and boycott (consumption) a range of products. More specifically, this article examines...... the above issues building on ethnography from fieldwork with Muslim Consumers Association of Malaysia (PPIM), which is an organization that protects the interests of Muslim consumers and entrepreneurs, as well as Malay Muslim middle-class informants....

  7. The intersubjectivity of family consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linnet, Jeppe Trolle

    identity and family scape, I analyze how family members negotiate purchase decisions, and relate to each other’s preferences and desires, as well as those of other families. I consider how family members' interrelations as consumers and long-term negotiations over symbolic meanings of consumption......This study of everyday consumption is based on an ethnographic fieldwork conducted among four Danish middle-class families in Copenhagen, from which an illustrative example of family car purchase is drawn. By introducing two new concepts to the study of family consumption; intra-family consumer...

  8. 1999 world energy consumption (ENERDATA)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Martin, J.M.

    2000-01-01

    Here is given a compilation of detailed statistical tables on various aspects of world energy production and consumption over the years 1994 to 1999. The present tables indicate the production, trade and consumption of crude oil, liquefied natural gas, oil products, natural gas, coal, lignite, electric power; the energy balance for the year 1999; the total energy consumption in European Union, Western Europe, North America, Japan and Pacific, CIS and Central Europe, Latin America, Asia, Middle East and Africa for the years 1994 to 1999. The CO 2 emissions for these countries are also given. These data are an extraction of the energy statistics yearbook, ENERDATA, June 2000. They are commented by Mr J.M. Martin. According to ENERDATA, the 1999 world energy consumption stagnates. (O.M.)

  9. Inconsistent Investment and Consumption Problems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kronborg, Morten Tolver; Steffensen, Mogens

    2015-01-01

    In a traditional Black–Scholes market we develop a verification theorem for a general class of investment and consumption problems where the standard dynamic programming principle does not hold. The theorem is an extension of the standard Hamilton–Jacobi–Bellman equation in the form of a system...... of non-linear differential equations. We derive the optimal investment and consumption strategy for a mean-variance investor without pre-commitment endowed with labor income. In the case of constant risk aversion it turns out that the optimal amount of money to invest in stocks is independent of wealth...... of future labor income net of consumption. Using the verification theorem we give a detailed analysis of this problem. It turns out that the optimal amount of money to invest in stocks is given by a linear function of wealth plus the financial value of future labor income net of consumption. The optimal...

  10. Heavier smoking increases coffee consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørngaard, Johan H; Nordestgaard, Ask Tybjærg; Taylor, Amy E

    2017-01-01

    Background: There is evidence for a positive relationship between cigarette and coffee consumption in smokers. Cigarette smoke increases metabolism of caffeine, so this may represent a causal effect of smoking on caffeine intake. Methods: We performed Mendelian randomization analyses in the UK...... Biobank ( N  = 114 029), the Norwegian HUNT study ( N  = 56 664) and the Copenhagen General Population Study (CGPS) ( N  = 78 650). We used the rs16969968 genetic variant as a proxy for smoking heaviness in all studies and rs4410790 and rs2472297 as proxies for coffee consumption in UK Biobank and CGPS....... Analyses were conducted using linear regression and meta-analysed across studies. Results: Each additional cigarette per day consumed by current smokers was associated with higher coffee consumption (0.10 cups per day, 95% CI: 0.03, 0.17). There was weak evidence for an increase in tea consumption per...

  11. Los Poblados Dirigidos de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana M. Esteban

    1999-07-01

    Full Text Available Los Poblados Dirigidos madrileños de los años cincuenta constituyeron una experiencia única dentro del panorama arquitectónico de la posguerra. La implicación personal de algunos de nuestros mejores arquitectos y de los autoconstructores de su propia vivienda aportó un carácter singular a las intervenciones. El artículo propone un recorrido por estos barrios en los que la modernidad aparece como nueva alternativa para solucionar el problema creciente de los asentamientos chabolistas periféricos.

  12. La diversidad de los agroecosistemas

    OpenAIRE

    F. X. Sans

    2007-01-01

    La diversidad de los agroecosistemas. El artículo analiza el efecto de la intensificación de las actividades agrícolas sobre el funcionamiento de los agroecosistemas y destaca la necesidad de incorporar las bases científicas y los modelos de gestión de la agroecología que permitan armonizar la producción agraria, la conservación de los recursos naturales y el desarrollo rural. Se discute la importancia de la diversidad en el funcionamiento de los agroecosistemas y la necesidad de ide...

  13. Los medios en el medio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ignacio López Vigil

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Los medios de comunicación siempre estuvieron en el medio de la vida. La gente se congregaba en torno a un libro de cuentos o una pantalla de cine o una radiola. ¿Qué es lo nuevo ahora? ¿Cuál es el protagonismo que han ganado los medios, especialmente los masivos? El autor reflexiona en torno a tres nuevos roles de los medios de comunicación social: legitimar lo que transmiten, establecer la realidad y representar a los ciudadanos.

  14. Manufacturing consumption of energy 1991

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-12-01

    This report provides estimates on energy consumption in the manufacturing sector of the US economy. These estimates are based on data from the 1991 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS). This survey--administered by the Energy End Use and Integrated Statistics Division, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Energy Information Administration (EIA)--is the most comprehensive source of national-level data on energy-related information for the manufacturing industries.

  15. CREATING VALUE WITHIN CONSUMPTION CULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Adrian Gârdan

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The issue of culture consumption is a particular concern within the modern marketing theory. Culture can be seen as representing a body of knowledge, beliefs, values, attitudes, symbols etc, developed in a certain period of time by a group of individuals, items transmitted with the help of a social learning process to other generations within the group. Thus, the consumption of culture will identify itself with the consumption of any product, service or a combination of them, directly resulted as manifestation of culture, expressions of artistic creativity specific for a certain cultural space. The present paper proposes the analysis of the phenomenon referring to the culture consumption in terms of specific characteristics. The paper reviews the features specific to the modern consumer of culture, the relationship that exists between the individuals’ level of education and the culture consumption and value creation process or augmentation of the intrinsic value of an artistic product as a result of the contribution that the culture consumer can bring himself. The authors highlight the fact that within extremely complex processes which are defining the culture consumption, consumers can assume an active role, becoming on their turn co-participants in the cultural goods and services value creation and transmission. The modern consumer benefits more than ever from the advantages offered by the information technology, being called to respond to major challenges of the postmodernism paradigm in terms of culture consumption. Globalization and other social economic and politic phenomena have profoundly changed the reports between individual and culture, between self and other members of the society, causing synthesis and essential transformations of culture consumption, of culture consumers typologies, and not least of the very forms of artistic expression related to cultural goods and services.

  16. Price and consumption of tobacco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virendra Singh

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: It is thought that price increase in tobacco products leads to reduced consumption. Though many studies have substantiated this concept, it has not been well studied in India. Recently, price of tobacco products was increased due to ban on plastic sachets of chewing tobacco and increased tax in Rajasthan. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of price rise on overall consumption of tobacco in Jaipur city, Rajasthan. Materials and Methods: This study was carried out in Jaipur city. Two-staged stratified sampling was used. In the first phase of study, cost and consumption of various tobacco products in the months of February and April were enquired from 25 retail tobacco shops. In the second phase, tobacco consumption was enquired from 20 consecutive consumers purchasing any tobacco product from all the above retail tobacco shops. The data were statistically analyzed using descriptive statistics and paired "t" test. Results: The comparison of prices of tobacco products between February and April revealed that the price of cigarette, bidi, and chewing tobacco has increased by 19%, 21%, and 68%, respectively. Average decrease in sales of cigarettes, bidi, and chewing tobacco at shops included in the study were 14%, 23%, and 38%, respectively. The consumers purchasing tobacco also reported decreased consumption. Chewing tobacco showed the maximum reduction (21%. Consumption of cigarette and bidi has also reduced by 15% and 13%, respectively. Conclusion: It may be concluded that reduction in consumption is associated with increased price of tobacco products. Reduced consumption is comparative to the magnitude of price increase.

  17. Does fertility decrease household consumption?

    OpenAIRE

    Jungho Kim; Henriette Engelhardt; Alexia Fürnkranz-Prskawetz; Arnstein Aassve

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents an empirical analysis of the relationship between fertility and a direct measure of poverty for Indonesia, a country, which has experienced unprecedented economic growth and sharp fertility declines over recent decades. It focuses on illustrating the sensitivity of the effect of fertility on household consumption with respect to the equivalence scale by applying the propensity score matching method. The analysis suggests that a newborn child decreases household consumption...

  18. Consumption Profiles for Future Households

    OpenAIRE

    Blikø, Marianne

    2015-01-01

    Over the last few years there has been a change in energy consumption in Norwegian households. New houses are far better insulated, have high demands for efficient energy carriers and new installations that affect the electricity consumption. Today, most of the electricity in a Norwegian household is used for space heating, but this demand is expected to be reduced in the future, mainly because the need for space heating is reduced as a result of stricter demands for isolation. Electricity co...

  19. Determinants of Organic Products Consumption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matheus Wemerson Gomes Pereira

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The increased environmental awareness and the growing desire for safer foods to health made the organic products category one of the most growing in the food sector. Thus, this study aimed to identify the most significant socioeconomic variables that influence the frequency of organic products consumption, and for that, it was based on a quantitative-descriptive study with a probability sample of 400 individuals, residing of the urban area of Campo Grande/MS, Brazil, responsible, alone or not, for food purchasing in family. As a tool for data collection, was used a structured questionnaire developed from socioeconomic variables and frequency of consumption of organic products. For the data analysis was performed statistical/econometric tests with the STATA 11.0 statistical software, using Multinomial Logit model (MNL, addition to verification of the explanatory variables effect on the probability of the consumption frequency levels of organic products through the Relative Risk Ratio (RRR, and was analyzed the Marginal Effect (ME exercised by the explanatory variables in each frequency level of organic products consumption. The results showed that the explanatory variables gender, education and economic class were statistically significant in the probability of an individual belong to some of the levels of consumption (rare, occasional and frequent over never having consumed organic products, being higher frequency of consumption when the consumer is female, have higher education or is of higher economic class.

  20. Cuando los mundos chocan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García-Borrás, F.J.

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Desde una perspectiva netamente didáctica, en este artículo se pretende analizar las posibilidades e incidencias que la ciencia-ficción2 puede tener en el aula. El período de la adolescencia encuentra en la ciencia-ficción una forma de explicar sus necesidades y sus ideas previas. Por tanto, para facilitar sus procesos de aprendizaje, al mismo tiempo que los profesores pueden ver enriquecida su metodología de enseñanza, se muestran diversas fórmulas de acercamiento al alumno por medio de un motivador entorno de aprendizaje.

  1. Los impactos del turismo

    OpenAIRE

    Franco Aliaga, Tomás; García Guillén, Óscar

    1999-01-01

    El turismo aparece, dentro de la economía española, como una actividad determinante desde los años sesenta. Sus efectos beneficiosos se han dejado sentir no sólo en la Balanza de Pagos o en el Producto Interior Bruto, sino que también han impactado favorablemente en el empleo y en la cultura. Sin embargo, esas repercusiones no han sido tan positivas en el medio ambiente, pues nuestras costas sufren numerosos problemas urbanísticos, infraestucturales y de contaminación diversa.Tourism appears,...

  2. Los Alamos Spheromak Program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Knox, S.O.; Barnes, C.W.; Fernandez, J.C.

    1985-01-01

    The Los Alamos Spheromak Program consists of two experimental facilities. The confinement physics of sustained and decaying spheromaks are being studied in CTX, which has an extensive array of diagnostics. Experiments are directed towards extending the physics understanding of the spheromak as a magnetic confinement concept. Electrodes for the production of clean sustained spheromaks are developed on the Electrode Facility, which is more flexible in terms of experimental modifications. Improvements to helicity sources and elecrodes which are proven on the Electrode Facility are then considered for incorporation onto CTX

  3. Que los cumplas Tupac

    OpenAIRE

    Roth, Sabrina

    2014-01-01

    A puro compromiso y voluntad hechos recursos, la Tupac campeó la desocupación de fin de los 90 y la crisis 01 que voló el país, mientras se iba autocontruyendo con Milagro Sala al frente y el pueblo a su lado. A partir del modelo cubano y el eje en la educación, la organización creció hasta convertirse en la tercera empleadora de la provincia. Facultad de Periodismo y Comunicación Social

  4. The industrial energy consumption in 1999

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    2001-01-01

    The Danish industrial energy consumption in 1999 is presented in tables. The tables include: the development in the energy consumption, the amount of employees in each of the main branches, fuel consumption, the fuel and energy consumption in 1999 based on each group of branches and energy category, the energy consumption in 1997 for each group of branches and the percentage distribution on energy category, and the fuel and energy consumption of motor vehicles in 1999 based on each group of branches. (SM)

  5. Influência da criação de um serviço de tratamento da dor aguda nos custos e no consumo de drogas analgésicas na sala de recuperação pós-anestésica Influencia de la creación de un servicio de tratamiento del dolor agudo en los costos y en el consumo de drogas analgésicas en la sala de recuperación pos-anestésica Influence of acute pain management service on analgesic drugs cost and consumption in the post-anesthetic recovery unit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Emanuel Wortmann Gomes

    2003-12-01

    ños de 2000 y 2001 fue realizada colecta prospectiva de datos, a través de sistemas informatizados especialistas de la Controladoria de nuestra institución, relativos al consumo y costo de drogas analgésicas en la sala de recuperación y al número de cirugías realizadas. RESULTADOS: Hubo un aumento del consumo y de los costos con analgésicos, como también una modificación en el perfil de utilización de los mismos. CONCLUSIONES: La creación del Servicio de Tratamiento del Dolor Agudo (STDA en nuestra institución determinó un cambio en el perfil de los analgésicos utilizados. Hubo un aumento de consumo y en los costos de esas drogas, sugiriendo que os pacientes tuvieron un control mejor del dolor pos-operatorio.BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: It is known that acute postoperative pain has a major influence on surgical patients’ recovery. Early movements, shorter hospital stay, lower costs and higher satisfaction are results of adequate pain management. There is a world trend toward specialized postoperative pain management services. This study aimed at describing the influence of an acute postoperative pain treatment service on analgesics cost and consumption in the post-anesthetic recovery unit. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected in the period 2000/2001, through computerized expert systems of the Controller Department of our institution, on analgesic drugs consumption and cost in the recovery unit and the number of surgical procedures performed during that time. RESULTS: There has been increased analgesics consumption and costs, as well as a change in their utilization profile. CONCLUSIONS: The creation of an Acute Pain Management Service (APMS in our institution has determined a change in analgesics profile. There has been increased consumption and cost of such drugs, suggesting that patients had a better postoperative pain control.

  6. Los Anhelos Del Agro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaparro G. A.

    1942-08-01

    Full Text Available Hablemos hoy del campesino y de su desventura, y hagámoslo, perfectamente libres de toda insana y falaz intención demagógica. Démosle el frente con resolución a esa obscura costumbre de halagar las pasiones de las gentes y explotar con fines proclives las profundas esperanzas y los honrados anhelos de los campesinos, y digamos que en Colombia, y en muchos países de América, se ha abusado impunemente de esa masa resignada que sustenta las economías de estos países, y se ha desconocido el meollo verdadero de sus problemas fundamentales, sin que las fórmulas prácticas de resolvemos íntegramente hayan aparecido, limitándose la acción a meras iniciativas aisladas e inconexas a veces contradictorias, cuyos resultados quedan perdidos en medio de la magnitud total de las situaciones.

  7. Los Informativos Radiovisuales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Vela Jones

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available La radio y la televisión representan importantes canales técnicos de la comunicación colectiva y de gran trascendencia en el campo de la información. El Perú, por su configuración geográfica y por sus características de país subdesarrollado, necesita un planteamiento integral de información a través de medios electrónicos, por la serie de aspectos positivos en las labores de proyección informativa, educativa y cultural. El periodismo radial y el televisivo tienen, posiblemente, mayor influencia que los demás medios, porque pueden llegar a un público alfabeto y analfabeto. De igual modo se proyecta en el campo de la opinión de grandes sectores de la colectividad, de tal manera que contribuye a formar corrientes de opinión en la sociedad. Mediante la investigación realizada en la radiodifución limeña, se establece que los informativos difundidos se hallan en la etapa del plagio de las noticias impresas que se transmiten textualmente por radio y en algunas estaciones de televisión. aunque ya existen, en ciertas emisoras de radio y televisión, departamentos informativos propios con personal especializado.

  8. Energy consumption and energy prices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bentzen, J.

    1993-01-01

    Data are presented on energy consumption and energy prices related to a number of OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) lands covering the period 1951-1990. The information sources are described and the development of energy consumption and prices in Denmark are illustrated in relation to these other countries. The energy intensity (the relation between energy consumption and the gross national product) is dealt with. Here it is possible to follow development during the whole post-war period. It is generally understood that Denmark saved large amounts of energy after 1973-74 but, taken over the whole post-war period, savings and decline in energy-gross national product relations are less dramatic compared to conditions in other OECD countries. Energy coefficients or elasticities show the relative rise in consumption compared to the relative rise in gross national product (growth rate). This is shown to be typically unstable and an eventual connection with the amount of energy price increase and/or the growth rate of the national economy is considered. Results of Granger causuality tests on energy consumption, national income and energy prices are presented. Effective energy prices were very low in Denmark up to 1970 when they suddenly began to increase. Since the oil crisis Denmark's energy consumption has fallen whereas the other countries have used rather more energy than before. Effective promotion of energy savings must be seen in relation to the fact that the 1970 basis level of energy consumption and intensity was unusually high. The high effective energy prices have also encouraged energy savings in Denmark. (AB)

  9. [Food consumption patterns among adolescents].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palenzuela Paniagua, S M; Pérez Milena, A; Pérula de Torres, L A; Fernández García, J A; Maldonado Alconada, J

    2014-01-01

    Adolescence is a critical time for the establishment of healthy eating habits. The objective was to analyze food consumption patterns among adolescents and their relationship with family and social factors. Multicentre observational cross-sectional descriptive study using a food frequency questionnaire for the last week. It was answered anonymously. The adolescent's age/gender, parents' studies/occupation and school's location/type were included. The population sample was composed of 1,095 adolescents in sixth grade at primary schools from an Andalusian region. They were chosen by polietapic random sampling that distinguished between public/private and capital/provincial schools. 1,005 surveys were analyzed. The mean age is 11.45 (SD: 0.59). Fifty-three percent were male. The intake of dairy products (only two-thirds taken daily), pasta, fruit and vegetables (daily consumption of 30%) is deficient. Sixty-four point five percent consume legumes weekly. Fish consumption is equal to meat, with a preference for poultry. More than half consume red meat daily. Olive oil is preferred. The intake of "empty calories" (fast food, candies, soft drink) is high. Through multivariate analysis the existence of clusters of healthy and unhealthy foods, related to the social status of the parents and the type of school, is proved. A healthy diet based on the nutritional pyramid is not the consumption pattern in the adolescents surveyed. There is a low consumption of diary products, legumes, fruits and vegetables. There is a relationship between the social class of the family and consumption patterns (healthy and unhealthy). Health strategies are needed to modify such inappropriate consumption.

  10. Inconsistent Investment and Consumption Problems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kronborg, Morten Tolver, E-mail: mtk@atp.dk [ATP (Danish Labour Market Supplementary Pension Scheme) (Denmark); Steffensen, Mogens, E-mail: mogens@math.ku.dk [University of Copenhagen, Department of Mathematical Sciences (Denmark)

    2015-06-15

    In a traditional Black–Scholes market we develop a verification theorem for a general class of investment and consumption problems where the standard dynamic programming principle does not hold. The theorem is an extension of the standard Hamilton–Jacobi–Bellman equation in the form of a system of non-linear differential equations. We derive the optimal investment and consumption strategy for a mean-variance investor without pre-commitment endowed with labor income. In the case of constant risk aversion it turns out that the optimal amount of money to invest in stocks is independent of wealth. The optimal consumption strategy is given as a deterministic bang-bang strategy. In order to have a more realistic model we allow the risk aversion to be time and state dependent. Of special interest is the case were the risk aversion is inversely proportional to present wealth plus the financial value of future labor income net of consumption. Using the verification theorem we give a detailed analysis of this problem. It turns out that the optimal amount of money to invest in stocks is given by a linear function of wealth plus the financial value of future labor income net of consumption. The optimal consumption strategy is again given as a deterministic bang-bang strategy. We also calculate, for a general time and state dependent risk aversion function, the optimal investment and consumption strategy for a mean-standard deviation investor without pre-commitment. In that case, it turns out that it is optimal to take no risk at all.

  11. Inconsistent Investment and Consumption Problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kronborg, Morten Tolver; Steffensen, Mogens

    2015-01-01

    In a traditional Black–Scholes market we develop a verification theorem for a general class of investment and consumption problems where the standard dynamic programming principle does not hold. The theorem is an extension of the standard Hamilton–Jacobi–Bellman equation in the form of a system of non-linear differential equations. We derive the optimal investment and consumption strategy for a mean-variance investor without pre-commitment endowed with labor income. In the case of constant risk aversion it turns out that the optimal amount of money to invest in stocks is independent of wealth. The optimal consumption strategy is given as a deterministic bang-bang strategy. In order to have a more realistic model we allow the risk aversion to be time and state dependent. Of special interest is the case were the risk aversion is inversely proportional to present wealth plus the financial value of future labor income net of consumption. Using the verification theorem we give a detailed analysis of this problem. It turns out that the optimal amount of money to invest in stocks is given by a linear function of wealth plus the financial value of future labor income net of consumption. The optimal consumption strategy is again given as a deterministic bang-bang strategy. We also calculate, for a general time and state dependent risk aversion function, the optimal investment and consumption strategy for a mean-standard deviation investor without pre-commitment. In that case, it turns out that it is optimal to take no risk at all

  12. Los Cuadernos INTEMAC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Calavera Vayá, Ana

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Since it’s foundation in June 1967 the Technical Institute for Materials and Construction (INTEMAC established the incentivation of technical training and the researching vocation of it’s staff as it’s goals. For the past eighteen years INTEMAC’s quarterlies have represented the shaping of this spirit, for what the Institute has become well known in the building business. Covering more and more topics every year, the sixty-six titles which have been published until now have all been dedicated to a big variety of issues such as the pre-standardization, the creation of guides of practical application on specific subjects, pathology or the building works of a certain importance inside the national panorama. Trying to maintain, altogether, a certain balance between edification issues, civil construction and rehabilitation of already existing buildings.The publication of INTEMAC’s quarterly has never stopped, with a three-month periodicity, programmed with a lot of anticipation, and a bilingual edition in Spanish and English, which is around 2500 copies nowadays. The following text tries to be a mirror of the evolution of this publication throughout time, with a few comments which will help the reader guess what we expect from the future days.Desde su fundación, en Junio de 1967, el Instituto Técnico de Materiales y Construcciones (INTEMAC estableció como uno de sus objetivos la incentivación de la formación técnica y de la vocación investigadora de su plantilla. Durante los últimos dieciocho años los Cuadernos INTEMAC han representado la plasmación de este espíritu, por el que el Instituto ha llegado a ser bien conocido en el mundo de la Construcción. Cubriendo campos cada vez más amplios, los 66 números publicados hasta ahora se han dedicado a asuntos tan variados como la pre-normativa, la creación de guías de aplicación práctica sobre temas concretos, la patología o las obras de una especial importancia

  13. Los ancianos como actores sociales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mª PIA ARENYS

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se recogen las discusiones de grupo que se realizaron durante cuatro meses en Barcelona como preparación del "II congreso de la gent gran" (II congreso de ancianos de esta ciudad, en noviembre de 1993. las discusiones se llevaron a cabo en las sedes de cada distrito, previa presentación de la ponencia por parte de un técnico. los componentes de los grupos son personas mayores sensibilizadas y comprometidas que forman parte del consejo de bienestar social del ayuntamiento de Barcelona. la metodología utilizada es cualitativa para el análisis del discurso, que se ha estructurado en los siguientes puntos: bajo el epígrafe "los ancianos como ciudadanos de derechos y obligaciones" se recogen los temas de valoración de la vejez, la familia, la jubilación, las implicaciones de los ancianos como ciudadanos de derechos y deberes y las funciones sociales de los ancianos.-- sobre estos temas, los mayores expresaron sus opiniones, que se vertieron, resumidamente, en la redacción final de la ponencia. aquí se recogen y se han analizado los materiales que ofrecen una versión de primera mano sobre lo que opinan los ancianos respecto al tema de "la valoración de la vejez".

  14. Los sentidos y las ruinas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francine Masiello

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Camino a Cafayate, al norte de Tucumán, la ciudadela de los indios quilmes me permite el descanso y la reflexión. Escalando lo que en otra época fue la fortaleza de una cultura poderosa, estudio el horizonte, admiro las alturas, intento reconstruir la vida de los indígenas tal como hubiera sido en una época muy lejana. Sin embargo, estos pensamientos no son libres, ni son míos; más bien, el libro de turismo me dice cómo tengo que mirar, me cuenta la historia de la cultura quilmes para que no me quede ninguna sorpresa. Los quilmes, la civilización más grande de la Argentina antes de la llegada de los españoles, primero resistían los avances del imperio incaico y después, durante 130 años, se oponían a los conquistadores. Sabemos por los guías de turismo que los españoles arrancaron a los últimos sobrevivientes a pie a Buenos Aires. La gran mayoría pereció en el camino. También sabemos que las ruinas de los quilmes fueron rehabilitadas durante la última dictadura militar. Imposible, entonces, no captar la ironía del gesto de los militares al recordar a los indígenas desaparecidos mientras seguían desapareciendo al pueblo argentino durante la década de los años setenta.

  15. Understanding Reduced-Fat Milk Consumption among Male Adolescents Using the Theory of Planned Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kassem, Nada O.; Lee, Jerry W.

    2005-01-01

    This study identifies factors that influences reduced-fat milk consumption among 560 male students, ages 13-18 years, attending North Los Angeles County public high schools. Participants completed a group-administered Theory of Planned Behavior-based questionnaire. The majority of the participants, 94.8%, reported that they currently drank some…

  16. Los juicios de Cicerón sobre los Graco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregorio HINOJO ANDRÉS

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available De los movimientos sociales y políticos de la Antigüedad es probablemente el de los hermanos Graco el que ha suscitado mayor interés y atracción en los tiempos modernos, como acredita una densa y copiosa bibliografía. Algunos autores e investigadores interpretan el movimiento de los Graco como un conjunto de medidas y reformas tendentes a recomponer el ejército romano y la base de propietarios de donde extraer los futuros soldados, sin asignarles ningún tipo de contenido social y de reforma de las estructuras agrarias y de la propiedad de la tierra; un grupo mucho mayor piensa que el contenido social, los ideales humanísticos y una búsqueda de la justicia y de la equidad fueron los objetivos de las medidas de los dos tribunos, aunque discrepan estos autores en el contenido y alcance de estas medidas, ya que para uno era una simple reforma, mientras que otros hablan de una verdadera revolución. Hay, sin embargo, un rasgo común en la historiografía moderna y es la simpatía y valoración positiva con la que se describe y se juzga este movimiento, pese a la diversa ideología de los estudiosos.

  17. Los youtubers como nuevos referentes sociales de los nativos digitales

    OpenAIRE

    Arias Delgado, Clara

    2017-01-01

    El presente Trabajo Fin de Grado estudia la capacidad de influencia de los ‘youtubers’ españoles con más suscriptores en España y como el consumo de esta plataforma afecta y modifica las pautas tradicionales de consumo digital de los más jóvenes. Para abordar el estudio se ha realizado un exhaustivo análisis basado en los vídeos producidos por 10 youtubers tomados como muestra durante el mes de octubre de 2016. A través del presente estudio se pretende abordar la capacidad de los youtubers pa...

  18. Perfluoroalkyl substances and fish consumption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen, Krista Y; Raymond, Michelle; Blackowicz, Michael; Liu, Yangyang; Thompson, Brooke A; Anderson, Henry A; Turyk, Mary

    2017-04-01

    Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are an emerging class of contaminants. Certain PFAS are regulated or voluntarily limited due to concern about environmental persistence and adverse health effects, including thyroid disease and dyslipidemia. The major source of PFAS exposure in the general population is thought to be consumption of seafood. In this analysis we examine PFAS levels and their determinants, as well as associations between PFAS levels and self-reported fish and shellfish consumption, using a representative sample of the U.S. Data on PFAS levels and self-reported fish consumption over the past 30 days were collected from the 2007-2008, 2009-2010, 2011-2012, and 2013-2014 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Twelve different PFAS were measured in serum samples from participants. Ordinary least squares regression models were used to identify factors (demographic characteristics and fish consumption habits) associated with serum PFAS concentrations. Additional models were further adjusted for other potential exposures including military service and consumption of ready-to-eat and fast foods. Seven PFAS were detected in at least 30% of participants and were examined in subsequent analyses (PFDA, PFOA, PFOS, PFHxS, MPAH, PFNA, PFUA). The PFAS with the highest concentrations were PFOS, followed by PFOA, PFHxS and PFNA (medians of 8.3, 2.7, 1.5 and 1.0ng/mL). Fish consumption was generally low, with a median of 1.2 fish meals and 0.14 shellfish meals, reported over the past 30 days. After adjusting for demographic characteristics, total fish consumption was associated with reduced MPAH, and with elevated PFDE, PFNA and PFuDA. Shellfish consumption was associated with elevations of all PFAS examined except MPAH. Certain specific fish and shellfish types were also associated with specific PFAS. Adjustment for additional exposure variables resulted in little to no change in effect estimates for seafood variables. PFAS are emerging

  19. Prediction of natural gas consumption

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang, R.L.; Walton, D.J.; Hoskins, W.D.

    1993-01-01

    Distributors of natural gas need to predict future consumption in order to purchase a sufficient supply on contract. Distributors that offer their customers equal payment plans need to predict the consumption of each customer 12 months in advance. Estimates of previous consumption are often used for months when meters are inaccessible, or bimonthly-read meters. Existing methods of predicting natural gas consumption, and a proposed new method for each local region are discussed. The proposed model distinguishes the consumption load factors from summer to other seasons by attempting to adjust them by introducing two parameters. The problem is then reduced to a quadratic programming problem. However, since it is not necessary to use both parameters simultaneously, the problem can be solved with a simple iterative procedure. Results show that the new model can improve the two-equation model to a certain scale. The adjustment to heat load factor can reduce the error of prediction markedly while that to base load factor influences the error marginally. 3 refs., 11 figs., 2 tabs

  20. Children's media consumption in Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filipović Jelena

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims at providing an insight into media consumption among children in Serbia. A consumer survey was conducted to examine differences in children's consumption of various advertising media based on their age, gender and hometown. The research findings revealed significant differences between the two age cohorts in the three out of four tested media categories (TV, print, radio and Internet. On the other hand, the research findings also revealed variations in consumption of radio and print media, and no difference in the consumption of television and Internet between boys and girls. Finally, the research findings suggested significant differences in the consumption of Internet among children living in five cities in Serbia. Though the sample included more than 700 children it cannot be considered strictly representative for the whole country since the survey was conducted in urban areas only. However, the greatest value of this study comes from the fact that the research was placed in Serbia as a transitional society of the Western Balkans which has been seriously underrepresented in the main body of contemporary marketing theory and research studies. Therefore, one of the main goals of this paper was to make a contribution to better understanding of local conditions that might influence marketing decisions when communicating with children as a specific target group on Serbian market.

  1. Meat Consumption Culture in Ethiopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jo, Cheorun

    2014-01-01

    The consumption of animal flesh food in Ethiopia has associated with cultural practices. Meat plays pivotal and vital parts in special occasions and its cultural symbolic weight is markedly greater than that accorded to most other food. Processing and cooking of poultry is a gender based duty and has socio-cultural roles. Ethiopians are dependent on limited types of animals for meats due to the taboo associated culturally. Moreover, the consumption of meat and meat products has a very tidy association with religious beliefs, and are influenced by religions. The main religions of Ethiopia have their own peculiar doctrines of setting the feeding habits and customs of their followers. They influence meat products consumption through dictating the source animals that should be used or not be used for food, and scheduling the days of the years in periodical permeation and restriction of consumptions which in turn influences the pattern of meat consumption in the country. In Ethiopia, a cow or an ox is commonly butchered for the sole purpose of selling within the community. In special occasions, people have a cultural ceremony of slaughtering cow or ox and sharing among the group, called Kircha, which is a very common option of the people in rural area where access of meat is challenging frequently. PMID:26760739

  2. Los pishtacos: degolladores degollados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1991-01-01

    Full Text Available LES PISHTACOS : ÉGORGEURS ÉGORGÉS. A partir de douze récits de la sierra centrale du Pérou, nous analysons les multiples représentations du Pishtaco. Il est significatif que dans cette région, ces personnages maléfiques soient toujours vaincus par les taureaux (représentation des Amarus, par les chiens et par les paysans pauvres qui utilisent diverses astuces. Nous faisons une étude comparative avec d’autres régions du pays à propos du cycle de la graisse et des méthodes permettant la délivrance. En résumé, le Pishtaco est un personnage fascinant qui synthétise un ensemble de symboles et de traditions hispaniques et andines. Tomando como base doce relatos de la sierra central del Perú, se analiza las múltiples representaciones del Pishtaco. Particularmente significativo resulta el hecho de que en esta zona estos personajes malignos son siempre derrotados. Sus vencedores son los toros (metamorfosis de los Amarus, los perros y campesinos pobres que se valen del ají, del chuño y otras tretas jocosas. En cuanto al ciclo de la grasa y las contraconjuras, se hacen referencias comparativas con otras áreas geográficas del país En suma, el Pishtaco es un personaje fascinante y sintetiza una serie de símbolos y tradiciones hispano andinas. THE PISHTACOS: THE SLAUGHTERS SLAUGHTED. On the base of twelve narrations from the central sierra of Peru, we analyze the multiples representations of the Pishtaco. The fact that in this region these malefic entities are always beaten by bulls (representations of amarus by dogs and by poor peasants using different artfulness. About the grease cycle and the means of delivery reference are made to other areas of the country. Resuming, the pishtaco is a fascinating entity syntheting a whole lot of symbols and spanish traditions.

  3. Cigarette, alcohol, and caffeine consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasch, Vibeke

    2003-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To study the association between cigarette, alcohol, and caffeine consumption and the occurrence of spontaneous abortion. METHODS: The study population consisted of 330 women with spontaneous abortion and 1168 pregnant women receiving antenatal care. A case-control design was utilized;...... units alcohol per week and 375 mg or more caffeine per day during pregnancy may increase the risk of spontaneous abortion.......OBJECTIVE: To study the association between cigarette, alcohol, and caffeine consumption and the occurrence of spontaneous abortion. METHODS: The study population consisted of 330 women with spontaneous abortion and 1168 pregnant women receiving antenatal care. A case-control design was utilized......; cases were defined as women with a spontaneous abortion in gestational week 6-16 and controls as women with a live fetus in gestational week 6-16. The variables studied comprise age, parity, occupational situation, cigarette, alcohol, and caffeine consumption. The association between cigarette, alcohol...

  4. Palatable Food Consumption in Children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    De Decker, Annelies; Verbeken, Sandra; Sioen, Isabelle

    2017-01-01

    To understand the importance of the home food environment on unhealthy food consumption in children high in reward sensitivity, this study tested the hypothesis that the home availability of unhealthy food moderates the effect of reward sensitivity on children’s fast-food consumption frequency......, exerted via food cue responsiveness. Children between 7.5 and 14 years (n = 174, 50.6% boys) reported on reward sensitivity and food cue responsiveness (by means of the subscale ‘external eating’). Their height and weight were measured. Parents reported on their children’s fast-food consumption frequency......, food cue responsiveness (by means of the subscale ‘food responsiveness’), and on the home availability of unhealthy foods. Two moderated mediation models were conducted, one with the parent- and one with the child-reported food cue responsiveness as mediator. Findings suggested that with a high home...

  5. Moral Violations Reduce Oral Consumption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Cindy; Van Boven, Leaf; Andrade, Eduardo B.; Ariely, Dan

    2014-01-01

    Consumers frequently encounter moral violations in everyday life. They watch movies and television shows about crime and deception, hear news reports of corporate fraud and tax evasion, and hear gossip about cheaters and thieves. How does exposure to moral violations influence consumption? Because moral violations arouse disgust and because disgust is an evolutionarily important signal of contamination that should provoke a multi-modal response, we hypothesize that moral violations affect a key behavioral response to disgust: reduced oral consumption. In three experiments, compared with those in control conditions, people drank less water and chocolate milk while (a) watching a film portraying the moral violations of incest, (b) writing about moral violations of cheating or theft, and (c) listening to a report about fraud and manipulation. These findings imply that “moral disgust” influences consumption in ways similar to core disgust, and thus provide evidence for the associations between moral violations, emotions, and consumer behavior. PMID:25125931

  6. Risk thresholds for alcohol consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wood, Angela M; Kaptoge, Stephen; Butterworth, Adam S

    2018-01-01

    previous cardiovascular disease. METHODS: We did a combined analysis of individual-participant data from three large-scale data sources in 19 high-income countries (the Emerging Risk Factors Collaboration, EPIC-CVD, and the UK Biobank). We characterised dose-response associations and calculated hazard......BACKGROUND: Low-risk limits recommended for alcohol consumption vary substantially across different national guidelines. To define thresholds associated with lowest risk for all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease, we studied individual-participant data from 599 912 current drinkers without......·4 million person-years of follow-up. For all-cause mortality, we recorded a positive and curvilinear association with the level of alcohol consumption, with the minimum mortality risk around or below 100 g per week. Alcohol consumption was roughly linearly associated with a higher risk of stroke (HR per 100...

  7. Energy consumption trends in Lithuania

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Galinis, A.; Miskinis, V.

    2000-01-01

    The paper describes some problems related to integration into EU, current state of the Lithuania economy and energy sector and changes in energy consumption during transition period. It provides and analysis of the main indicators of energy consumption, such as the ratio of primary energy consumption to Gross Domestic Product (GDP), primary and final energy intensity and others based on estimates of Purchasing Power Parity. The paper also discusses problems arising at evaluation of economical and energy indices for the countries in transition and compares them with those existing in other countries of Central and Eastern Europe and in Western countries. It shows uneven tendencies of energy intensity occurring under transitions in Lithuania and other Baltic States. (author)

  8. Tattoos, piercings, and alcohol consumption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guéguen, Nicolas

    2012-07-01

    Previous studies have found a link between body tattoos or piercings and risky behavior. However, these studies only examined survey data but not real behavior. Young men (mean = 20.6 years) and women (mean = 20.2 years) leaving a bar were asked whether they wore tattoos and piercings or not and were requested to breathe into a breathalyzer in order to evaluate their alcohol consumption. It was found that participants with piercings and/or tattoos as well as combined piercings and tattoos revealed higher levels of alcohol consumption. Piercings and tattoos could serve as signs of alcohol consumption for educators, parents, and physicians. Copyright © 2012 by the Research Society on Alcoholism.

  9. Changing practices of energy consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Toke Haunstrup; Friis, Freja; Skjølsvold, Tomas Moe

    2017-01-01

    to produce hydrogen for transport use), whereas others emphasise the role of individual consumers. The latter approach is dominant within the smart grid vision. In this paper, we explore implications of smart grid technologies in households for the everyday practices related to electricity consumption...... (microgeneration) influence the everyday practices? What kind of influence does the combination of PVs with other “smart” energy technologies have on everyday practices and electricity consumption patterns? A specific focus is on the time patterns of households’ energy consumption. The analysis is based...... settlement scheme (hourly versus annual net metering) and the trial context play a role. Also, the study finds a broader interest in increasing the level of self-sufficiency through combining PVs with home batteries. Finally, the paper discusses a distinct (male) gendering in relation to who is most actively...

  10. LTE UE Power Consumption Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Anders Riis; Lauridsen, Mads; Mogensen, Preben

    2012-01-01

    is based on a review of the major power consuming parts in an LTE UE radio modem. The model includes functions of UL and DL power and data rate. Measurements on a commercial LTE USB dongle were used to assign realistic power consumption values to each model parameter. Verification measurements......In this work a novel LTE user equipment (UE) power consumption model is presented. It was developed for LTE system level optimization, because it is important to understand how network settings like scheduling of resources and transmit power control affect the UE’s battery life. The proposed model...... on the dongle show that the model results in an average error of 2.6%. The measurements show that UL transmit power and DL data rate determines the overall power consumption, while UL data rate and DL receive power have smaller impact....

  11. Moral Violations Reduce Oral Consumption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Cindy; Van Boven, Leaf; Andrade, Eduardo B; Ariely, Dan

    2014-07-01

    Consumers frequently encounter moral violations in everyday life. They watch movies and television shows about crime and deception, hear news reports of corporate fraud and tax evasion, and hear gossip about cheaters and thieves. How does exposure to moral violations influence consumption? Because moral violations arouse disgust and because disgust is an evolutionarily important signal of contamination that should provoke a multi-modal response, we hypothesize that moral violations affect a key behavioral response to disgust: reduced oral consumption. In three experiments, compared with those in control conditions, people drank less water and chocolate milk while (a) watching a film portraying the moral violations of incest, (b) writing about moral violations of cheating or theft, and (c) listening to a report about fraud and manipulation. These findings imply that "moral disgust" influences consumption in ways similar to core disgust, and thus provide evidence for the associations between moral violations, emotions, and consumer behavior.

  12. Los 'Colorados': Etnohistoria y Toponimia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gómez-Rendón, J.

    2015-01-01

    Los "colorados" comprendían varios grupos étnicos emparentados etnolingüísticamente que ocupaban el piedemonte andino occidental desde El Carchi hasta Bolívar así como las tierras bajas del Pacífico en los sistemas hidrográficos de los ríos Esmeraldas y Guayas. Aunque la ocupación "colorada" de

  13. Los impactos del turismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomás Franco Aliaga

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available El turismo aparece, dentro de la economía española, como una actividad determinante desde los años sesenta. Sus efectos beneficiosos se han dejado sentir no sólo en la Balanza de Pagos o en el Producto Interior Bruto, sino que también han impactado favorablemente en el empleo y en la cultura. Sin embargo, esas repercusiones no han sido tan positivas en el medio ambiente, pues nuestras costas sufren numerosos problemas urbanísticos, infraestucturales y de contaminación diversa.Tourism appears, within the Spanish economy, as a determinant activity since the sixties. Its beneficial effects have showed not only on the Balance of Payments or the Gross Domestic Product, but also on employment and the culture. However, those effects have not been as positive for the environment since our coasts are suffering a lot from urbanism, infrastructure and pollution problems.

  14. Los muertos del Floreanismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Ayala Mora

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza el crimen político durante las primeras décadas de vida de la República del Ecuador. Específicamente centra su estudio en el período dominado por la figura de Juan José Flores, primer presidente del Ecuador. La inestabilidad política, la precariedad de las alianzas entre las élites regionales, la crisis económica generada por las guerras de Independencia, las conspiraciones y la violencia que caracterizaron al período de surgimiento de las repúblicas andinas hicieron del crimen político un “vicio de nacimiento”. El asesinato del general Antonio José de Sucre, la muerte de los miembros de la sociedad El Quiteño Libre, el homicidio de Juan Otamendi, entre otros, hicieron patente esta característica.

  15. Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dogliani, Harold O [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2011-01-19

    The purpose of the briefing is to describe general laboratory technical capabilities to be used for various groups such as military cadets or university faculty/students and post docs to recruit into a variety of Los Alamos programs. Discussed are: (1) development and application of high leverage science to enable effeictive, predictable and reliability outcomes; (2) deter, detect, characterize, reverse and prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their use by adversaries and terrorists; (3) modeling and simulation to define complex processes, predict outcomes, and develop effective prevention, response, and remediation strategies; (4) energetic materials and hydrodynamic testing to develop materials for precise delivery of focused energy; (5) materials cience focused on fundamental understanding of materials behaviors, their quantum-molecular properties, and their dynamic responses, and (6) bio-science to rapidly detect and characterize pathogens, to develop vaccines and prophylactic remedies, and to develop attribution forensics.

  16. Lecciones aprendidas con los MOOC

    OpenAIRE

    García-Peñalvo, F. J.; Fidalgo-Blanco, Á.; Sein-Echaluce Lacleta, M. L.

    2017-01-01

    Dentro del Plan de Formación del Profesorado Docente 2017 de la Universidad de Salamanca, se ha ofertado la actividad de formación “Cursos masivos abiertos en línea (MOOC)” (https://es.slideshare.net/grialusal/sumario-mooc), que se ha celebrado en el Instituto Universitario de Ciencias de la Educación (IUCE) de esta Universidad los días 1 y 2 de junio de 2017. Tras los conceptos generales sobre los MOOC (https://es.slideshare.net/grialusal/los-mooc-conceptos) y las experiencias de l...

  17. Los átomos marcados

    OpenAIRE

    Pi Suñer, Augusto

    2012-01-01

    Ahora se ha hecho posible identificar los átomos y seguirlos en su camino a lo largo del recambio. Tenemos manera de distinguir unos átomos de otros entre los que constituyen una molécula, átomos "marcados", cuya suerte podremos conocer en cada uno de los momentos de las operaciones nutritivas. Por la importancia y porque auguramos gran porvenir al procedimiento de reconocer individualmente unos átomos, nos parece útil exponer los antecedentes del método y detenernos brevemente en la explicac...

  18. Stochastic estimation of electricity consumption

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kapetanovic, I.; Konjic, T.; Zahirovic, Z.

    1999-01-01

    Electricity consumption forecasting represents a part of the stable functioning of the power system. It is very important because of rationality and increase of control process efficiency and development planning of all aspects of society. On a scientific basis, forecasting is a possible way to solve problems. Among different models that have been used in the area of forecasting, the stochastic aspect of forecasting as a part of quantitative models takes a very important place in applications. ARIMA models and Kalman filter as stochastic estimators have been treated together for electricity consumption forecasting. Therefore, the main aim of this paper is to present the stochastic forecasting aspect using short time series. (author)

  19. GOVERNMENT INVOLVEMENT IN CONSUMPTION BEHAVIOUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CRISTINA ZAMFIR

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we will follow the involvement that the government has,through its expenses, on the consumption behavior. The involvement that the government has inthe consumption behavior is made through fees and taxes that are applied on income. Fees andtaxes are applied to the different forms of income but in this article we will be focused only onthe influence of them on wages. In order to analyze the involvement of government expenses onconsumption behavior an utility model will be used.

  20. "Conscious Consumption": Ecocapitalism as Ideology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria das Graças e Silva

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to raise a set of questions about “conscious consumption.” It is an essay of a bibliographic nature whose central thesis consists in affirming that in a capitalist society conscious consumption cannot be instituted as an affirmation of the principle of socioenvironmental sustainability. The paper presents the ideological nature of this formulation, which associates consumerism and the possibility of overcoming it only to the need for behavioral changes, without explaining its socioeconomic dimensions and its functionality as a mechanism for the reproduction of the destructive logic of capital.

  1. Terapia intensiva: El problema de los medios y los fines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Gherardi

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available La tecnología médica aplicada a la medicina del paciente agudo y grave permitió la creación de un área asistencial diferenciada y el desarrollo del cuidado intensivo como una nueva especialidad. Los nuevos medios disponibles para reemplazar o asistir funciones de órganos vitales fueron los determinantes de este avance tan importante en el desarrollo de toda la alta complejidad médica en los últimos cuarenta años. Sin embargo la aplicabilidad de estos medios, que en este caso son los soportes vitales, no se han podido sustraer de la filosofía del imperativo tecnológico que ha impregnado a toda la cultura de la sociedad contemporánea. Se observa en este tiempo una influencia perniciosa que perturba el recuerdo permanente de los fines de la medicina, que no son los de evitar la muerte o a la consideración del valor vida como un absoluto ajeno a las preferencias del paciente. Las decisiones finales en circunstancias irreversibles, en que sólo es posible mantener una vida biológica, deben ser tomadas por los médicos y los familiares.

  2. Prioridades de Clientes de los Mercados de los Agricultores

    OpenAIRE

    Curtis, Kynda; Gumirakiza, J. Dominique

    2014-01-01

    Los mercados de los agricultores ofrecen una experiencia de compra alternativa, especialmente para aquellos consumidores que buscan productos agrícolas frescos, de alta calidad y saludables (Holloway y Kneafsey, 2000; Brown, 2001; Archer et al., 2003; McGarry-Wolf et al., 2005; Zepeda y Deal, 2009; Lyon et al., 2009; Cole 2010; y USDAAMS, 2011).

  3. Consumption patterns and cultural values in Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Annemien van der Veen; Agnes Neulinger; Jacob Rosendahl; Tino Bech-Larsen

    2013-01-01

    Chapter 6 in Consumption culture in Europe. The chapter focuses on cultural differences in consumption across Europe and describes general attitudes towards consumption and brands, the significance of shopping, and how these are linked to the motives of consumption of alcoholic and non-alcoholic

  4. The world energy consumption in 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lapillonne, B.

    2006-01-01

    Based on Enerdata 2005 data, this analysis presents the situation of the world energy consumption in 2005, the electric power consumption per region and production per source, the consumption increase for each energy source and the petroleum and gas consumption increase. (A.L.B.)

  5. The industrial energy consumption in 2001

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    2002-01-01

    The Danish industrial energy consumption in 2001 is presented in tables. The tables include: the development in the energy consumption, the amount of employees in each of the main branches, fuel consumption, the fuel and energy consumption in 2001 based on each group of branches and energy category, and the emission of CO 2 . (LN)

  6. Unrecorded Alcohol Consumption: Quantitative Methods of Estimation

    OpenAIRE

    Razvodovsky, Y. E.

    2010-01-01

    unrecorded alcohol; methods of estimation In this paper we focused on methods of estimation of unrecorded alcohol consumption level. Present methods of estimation of unrevorded alcohol consumption allow only approximate estimation of unrecorded alcohol consumption level. Tacking into consideration the extreme importance of such kind of data, further investigation is necessary to improve the reliability of methods estimation of unrecorded alcohol consumption.

  7. Los santos patronos de los migrantes Mexicanos a Estados Unidos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Alarcón

    Full Text Available La mayor parte los migrantes mexicanos indocumentados que buscan encontrar un empleo en Estados Unidos son católicos, por esta razón, han incorporado a la devoción de los santos patronos sus tribulaciones que incluyen el trayecto desde sus comunidades de origen a la frontera norte, los peligros del cruce indocumentado, la búsqueda de trabajo y la posible deportación. El objetivo central de este artículo es analizar las características más importantes de tres devociones de los migrantes indocumentados en Tijuana, Baja California, México: Santo Toribio Romo, el "Santo Pollero" que fue canonizado en 2000, el Beato Juan Bautista Scalabrini, fundador de los Misioneros Scalabrinianos y Juan Soldado quien surgió de la religiosidad popular.

  8. Evolution of food consumption in Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Peț

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Closely connected to production, consumption plays an active catalyst role because all economic activities end in consumption. From this perspective, consumption research is a good solution to identify offer accurately and meet the needs and, on the other hand, it is an important source of information in marketing. Consumption ranges among the first in the process of goods use. Consumption is the process of using goods to meet consumption needs (though not all needs since there is always a gap between needs and consumption.

  9. The industrial energy consumption in 2003

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    2004-01-01

    The statistics present the industry's energy consumption and composition, and the development from 1973 to 2003. In this period the composition of the energy consumption has changed considerably: a decrease in the consumption of liquid fuels and an increase in the consumption of natural gas and electric power. The energy consumption in the Danish industry decreased with almost 9 % from 2001 to 2003. This relatively large decrease was mainly due to the closing down of a steel factory. In the wood industry the energy consumption decreased with 36 % from 2001 to 2003, while the energy consumption in the electronics industry increased. (ln)

  10. Energy consumption 2005 with Danish industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    2006-01-01

    The energy consumption in the Danish industries decreased with 4% from 2003 to 2005. The consumption of liquid fuels and district heat decreased with 27% and 21%, respectively. The consumption of solid fuels increased with 13%. The aim of the statistics is to elucidate the industry's energy consumption and its composition. The statistics present the development in the industry from 1973 to 2005, in which period the composition of the energy consumption has changed significantly. Especially, consumption of liquid fuels has decreased and consumption of gas and electricity has increased. (ln)

  11. Protein consumptions in stroke patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahra Maghsoudi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : Stroke is one of the most common causes of disabilities and death all over the world. The mortality rate of stroke is predicted to be doubled by 2030 in the Middle East countries. Nutrition is an effective strategy in prevention and management of stroke. This study assessed the relationship between various protein types and stroke risk. Materials and Methods: This hospital-based case-control study was performed in a University hospital. The data regarding consumption of usual food intake of 69 cases (46 men and 23 women and 60 controls (30 men and 30 women was collected with a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ. The mean consumption of red and white meat and vegetable and processed proteins consumption were compared between two groups. Results: The percent of total of daily protein intake were lower in patients with stroke in both sexes (25.92% vs 30.55% in men and 30.7% vs 31.14% in women. Conclusion: Lower protein consumption may be observed in patients with stroke patients in both sex.

  12. Sales promotions and food consumption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawkes, Corinna

    2009-06-01

    Sales promotions are widely used to market food to adults, children, and youth. Yet, in contrast to advertising, practically no attention has been paid to their impacts on dietary behaviors, or to how they may be used more effectively to promote healthy eating. This review explores the available literature on the subject. The objective is to identify if and what literature exists, examine the nature of this literature, and analyze what can be learned from it about the effects of sales promotions on food consumption. The review finds that while sales promotions lead to significant sales increases over the short-term, this does not necessarily lead to changes in food-consumption patterns. Nevertheless, there is evidence from econometric modeling studies indicating that sales promotions can influence consumption patterns by influencing the purchasing choices of consumers and encouraging them to eat more. These effects depend on the characteristics of the food product, sales promotion, and consumer. The complexity of the effects means that sales promotions aiming to encourage consumption of nutritious foods need to be carefully designed. These conclusions are based on studies that use mainly sales data as a proxy for dietary intake. The nutrition (and economics) research communities should add to this existing body of research to provide evidence on the impact of sales promotions on dietary intake and related behaviors. This would help support the development of a sales promotion environment conducive to healthy eating.

  13. Interventions to encourage sustainable consumption

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dam, van Y.K.; Trijp, van J.C.M.

    2016-01-01

    Sustainable consumption is hampered by a discrepancy between consumers’ attitudes and their actual behaviour in the market place. Psychological construal level theory provides an explanation for the attitude to behaviour gap as a motivational conflict between high and low level of mental construal.

  14. Energy Consumption vs. Energy Requirement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, L. T.; Zhang, Tengyan; Schlup, John R.

    2006-01-01

    Energy is necessary for any phenomenon to occur or any process to proceed. Nevertheless, energy is never consumed; instead, it is conserved. What is consumed is available energy, or exergy, accompanied by an increase in entropy. Obviously, the terminology, "energy consumption" is indeed a misnomer although it is ubiquitous in the…

  15. Energy Consumption Management in Design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smit, Jaap

    1997-01-01

    A survey of the basic issues in low power design is presented, including techniques for the analysis of energy consumption in the early design phase of analog and digital circuits. The concept of energy complexity will be introduced in conjunction with techniques for parameterized energy management.

  16. Back to consumption and production?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bajde, Domen; Kos Koklic, Mateja; Bajde, Jernej

    2015-01-01

    of production and consumption. Yet, in response to the mounting commercial and legal pressures, Web 2.0 companies pro-actively regulate prosumption, deploying advanced technological devices and innovative contractual arrangements. Exploring the case of Warner Music Group lockdown on YouTube, we investigate...

  17. The Ecological Economics of Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Røpke, Inge; Reisch, Lucia A.

    In accordance with the transdisciplinary basis of ecological economics, this volume encompasses contributions from different perspectives, often cutting across disciplines. It is divided into three parts that group contributions on · problematizing consumption both as a concept and as an economic...

  18. Does Consumption Lag Behind Incomes?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Tinbergen (Jan)

    1942-01-01

    textabstractThe fact that consumption outlay of individuals as well as of groups of individuals depends on their income is well known. Although this statement will hardly be doubted, it may be tested statistically from family budget statistics, as has been done by various investigators. These

  19. Consumption, lifestyles and constellatoric strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Læssøe, Jeppe

    1996-01-01

    The condtribution reveals a contradiction between complexity and operationality in the discussions about energy consumption between social researchers and policy makers. By mean of two examples from his own research the author argues for a transgression of the narrow ecology-centred view. The first...... of "constellatoric strategies"; coordinated interplays between different coordinated efforts which creates synergy effects....

  20. Estudio de los decomisos de sustancias psicoactivas en los centros penitenciarios de Catalunya (1991-2010)

    OpenAIRE

    Fuente Capdevila, Blanca de la

    2013-01-01

    [spa] En el “Estudio de los decomisos de sustancias psicoactivas en los centros penitenciarios de Catalunya (1991-2010)" se examinan las tendencias de las incautaciones provenientes de los mismos analizadas en el Laboratorio Territorial de Drogas. Los datos se agrupan respecto al número y a la naturaleza de los decomisos para determinar los patrones de demanda, y por consiguiente de consumo de los internos. Los resultados se analizan de forma global considerando todos los centros y de form...

  1. Los abuelos de nuestro rock

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacobo Celnik

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Los Yetis. Una bomba atómica a go go. La historia de los abuelos de nuestro rock. Diego Londoño; Pulso & Letra Editores, Instituto para el Desarrollo de Antioquia, Instituto de Cultura y Patrimonio de Antioquia, 2014, 98 págs., fotografías.

  2. Energy consumption trends in Hawaii

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kaya, Abidin; Yalcintas, Melek

    2010-01-01

    This study begins with a review of energy consumption by end-use sector in Hawaii. Then, the energy generated from renewable energy sources is analyzed between 1991 and 2006. The results show that while geothermal is a considerable source of renewable energy on the Island of Hawaii (also known as Big Island), fossil fuel is the main energy source in the State of Hawaii. The energy intensity index for the State of Hawaii is then calculated by dividing energy consumption per capita by the income per capita. The calculated energy intensity index reveals that energy consumption is directly controlled by per capita income. The results also indicate that the energy intensity index increases over time despite positive developments in energy efficient technologies. In the second part of the paper, the effect of the tourism industry on energy usage in the State of Hawaii is analyzed. The results show that tourism volume, measured in terms of tourist arrival numbers, does not change the energy consumption directly. However, a change in tourism volume does affect per capita income within a few months to a year. In the last part of the study, the energy efficiency index of Hawaii is compared with consumption averages for the US, California and the most energy efficient country in Europe, Denmark. The comparison shows that Hawaii lags behind California and Denmark in terms of energy efficiency. The comparison also shows that an increase in energy efficiency corresponds to an increase in per capita income across the board, which is in agreement with a recent report published by the American Physical Society.

  3. Snail meat: Significance and consumption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragićević Olgica

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The consumption of snail meat goes back to prehistoric times. Different ancient nations had snails on their menu, but Helices culture as a productive activity was born as a Roman culture. Some of the most economically important edible species are: Helix aspersa (Mtiller Helixpomatia (Linne, Helix iucorum (Linne, Helix aperta (Born, Eobania vermiculata (Miiller. Together with its tasie, snail meat has several advantages over others: quite low lipid rate and calorie values versus rich mineral, essential amino acid and fatty acid content. The composition of snail meat is presented. In addition, the composition of different snail species and the part analyzed (pedal mass and visceral mass is presented. Also, the differences in composition according to the species (snail meat horse/chicken meat, beef, swine meat, fish meat are presented. The French are the world's leading consumers of snails. !n France snails come to market in a variety of ways. Estimated consumption of snails in France is around 40 000 tones/year. Total French imports account for 25% of world imports. France is also the leading exporter of prepared snails, mainly sold as preserved snails and prepared dishes. Snail imports have been much higher than exports (65 tones exported in 2002. vs. 2.700 tones imported. Despite the large consumption, only 3% of snails in France come from production (farming. Italy is in second place in the world consumption of snails, and Spain and Germany are in the third and fourth place. The development of snails consumption in Italy is followed with the same amount of production of snails in the whole biological circle. In 2001, from 24,700 tons, 9,350 tons (37.8% came from production, 6 00 tons (2.4% came from nature, and 14,750 tons (59.70% came from imports (frozen, fresh and prepared snails. In Serbia, at the beginning of 2005, we had over 400 registered farms for snail production.

  4. Hypercoagulability after energy drink consumption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pommerening, Matthew J; Cardenas, Jessica C; Radwan, Zayde A; Wade, Charles E; Holcomb, John B; Cotton, Bryan A

    2015-12-01

    Energy drink consumption in the United States has more than doubled over the last decade and has been implicated in cardiac arrhythmias, myocardial infarction, and even sudden cardiac death. We hypothesized that energy drink consumption may increase the risk of adverse cardiovascular events by increasing platelet aggregation, thereby resulting in a relatively hypercoagulable state and increased risk of thrombosis. Thirty-two healthy volunteers aged 18-40 y were given 16 oz of bottled water or a standardized, sugar-free energy drink on two separate occasions, 1-wk apart. Beverages were consumed after an overnight fast over a 30-min period. Coagulation parameters and platelet function were measured before and 60 min after consumption using thrombelastography and impedance aggregometry. No statistically significant differences in coagulation were detected using kaolin or rapid thrombelastography. In addition, no differences in platelet aggregation were detected using ristocetin, collagen, thrombin receptor-activating peptide, or adenosine diphosphate-induced multiple impedance aggregometry. However, compared to water controls, energy drink consumption resulted in a significant increase in platelet aggregation via arachidonic acid-induced activation (area under the aggregation curve, 72.4 U versus 66.3 U; P = 0.018). Energy drinks are associated with increased platelet activity via arachidonic acid-induced platelet aggregation within 1 h of consumption. Although larger clinical studies are needed to further address the safety and health concerns of these drinks, the increased platelet response may provide a mechanism by which energy drinks increase the risk of adverse cardiovascular events. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Papiloma de los plexos coroideos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivón Aimé Sánchez Monterrey

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Los papilomas de los plexos coroideos son tumores infrecuentes de origen neuroectodérmico, que representan menos del 5 % del total de los tumores del sistema nervioso central en pediatría. La clínica suele estar provocada por el aumento de presión intracraneal debido a la hidrocefalia, con la que habitualmente cursan. La cirugía es curativa, con un porcentaje de supervivencia de casi el 100 % a los 5 años y ocasionales recurrencias. Se presenta el caso de un recién nacido con diagnóstico de papiloma de los plexos coroideos y evolución favorable.

  6. Importancia de los alcanos en el estudio de los carbones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José E. Sánchez

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Los carbones la Vega, La Vega Oxidado y Tres Bancos, fueron extraídos secuencialmente con los siguientes solventes: H^O, HCl 10%, NaOH 10%, n-Heptano, Éter, Tolueno, Cloroformo, Tetrahidrofurano (THF y Piridina. Se encontraron diferencias significativas en la extractabilidad con THF y Piridina debidas a cambios producidos por la oxidación. Se detectaron n-alcanos de C^ a C^^, en los primeros cuatro extractos con solventes orgánicos. Los perfiles cromatográficos de estos compuestos muestran una distribución dependiente del rango que se mantiene aiin después de la oxidación. Lxis pirocromatogramas de los carbones y de los residuos de extracción se caracterizan por una serie de dobletes de n-1-alqueno/n-alcano cuya distribución también depende del rango de los carbones. Esta característica, atribuible sólo a diferencias en las condiciones geológicas locales, podría utilizarse como indicador del grado de metamorfismo.

  7. El impacto del liderazgo en los resultados de los estudiantes: Un análisis de los efectos diferenciales de los tipos de liderazgo

    OpenAIRE

    Robinson, Viviane M. J.; Lloyd, Claire A.; Rowe, Kenneth J.

    2014-01-01

    El propósito de este estudio fue examinar el impacto relativo de los diferentes tipos de liderazgo en los resultados académicos y no académicos de los estudiantes. La metodología consistió en el análisis de los resultados de 27 estudios publicados sobre la relación entre liderazgo y resultados de los estudiantes. El primer meta-análisis, que incluyó 22 de los 27 estudios, implicó una comparación de los efectos de la transformación y liderazgo instructivo en los resultados de los estudiantes. ...

  8. Predominancia de los hemisferios cerebrales en los residentes de medicina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Arias Congrains

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Medir la predominancia de los hemisferios cerebrales (HC en los residentes de medicina y encontrar algunos factores asociados así como la correlación que tendrían con las estrategias inadecuadas empleadas ante el estrés. Materiales y métodos: Aplicamos una prueba para medir la predominancia de los HC al total de los 48 residentes de medicina del Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia. Los resultados se contrastaron con variables socio-demográficas, académicas y con las estrategias para afrontar el estrés, halladas estas últimas en una investigación anterior. Los resultados se sometieron al análisis bivariado y multivariado. Resultados y conclusiones: El 35.4% (17 de los residentes mostró una predominancia del hemisferio izquierdo (HI, el cual además obtuvo una calificación promedio mayor que la del hemisferio derecho (HD y que la integración hemisférica (IH. Los 6 residentes con predominancia del HD tuvieron una mayor calificación en el ingreso a la residencia que aquellos con predominancia del HI. En el análisis multivariado; el haber nacido o estudiado medicina en Lima, la mejor calificación en el ingreso al programa de residentado, el mostrar interés por los resultados de la prueba aplicada y el haber estudiado en un colegio estatal, fueron los factores asociados al HD Las habilidades de los HC se correlacionaron con algunas estrategias frente al estrés. Conclusiones: Se concluye la necesidad de perfeccionar la prueba de predominancia de los HC, así como la de implementar pautas de enseñanza de la medicina que propicien la integración hemisférica, en cuanto ella estaría asociado con mejores aptitudes académicas, interpersonales y de adecuación al estrés. (Rev Med Hered 1999; 10:21-26 .

  9. Los dioses de los tejidos de Paracas (Perú)

    OpenAIRE

    Castro Paredes, Celia

    2017-01-01

    La cultura de Paracas, tiene un papel central en la prehistoria andina. Su importancia se puede deducir de los ricos ajuares de sus múltiples fardos funerarios. En estos se han encontrado múltiples y maravillosos mantos, junto a otros objetos que acompañaban a las momias de los difuntos principales. Sin embargo, hay cuestiones todavía no bien conocidas, como su origen y final, y sobre todo el papel de los excepcionales tejidos, cuyos dibujos y figuras son un enigma que podría relacionarse o i...

  10. Los conflictos ecologico-distributivos y los indicadores de sustentabilidad

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez-Alier, Joan

    2004-01-01

    Este artículo presenta una tipología de conflictos acerca del uso de recursos naturales y de la contaminación. Llamamos Ecología Política al estudio de esos conflictos ecológico-distributivos. Los actores de tales conflictos usan diversos lenguajes de valoración. Por ejemplo, pueden argumentar que quieren lograr una compensación monetaria equivalente a los daños ambientales sufridos pero también pueden decir que el territorio en cuestión es sagrado o pueden apelar a la defensa de los derechos...

  11. Gestión de los seguimientos de los empleados.

    OpenAIRE

    Díaz Rodrigo, Jaime

    2017-01-01

    Tiempo atrás y más aún en la actualidad, las empresas están prestando mayor interés en conseguir que los trabajadores sean felices y vayan motivados al trabajo. Con la intención de alcanzar un ambiente de trabajo en el que los empleados se sientan a gusto, disfruten con lo que hacen y dónde están, muchas empresas están tomando medidas ante ello y llegan al punto de crear departamentos dedicados a la felicidad del trabajador. Para prestar especial atención a los empleados, se les hacen entr...

  12. Los PCBs salen de paseo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Castillo Rodríguez

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available La exposición humana a compuestos organoclorados bioacumulables es un problema de interés sanitario no sólo por el conocimiento de la presencia en tejidos del residuo de contaminantes históricos como DDT y otros pesticidas, sino por el riesgo de exposición actual a compuestos aún en uso como el lindano, el endosulfán y los bifenilos policlorados (PCBs, entre otros. Destaca el caso particular de los PCBs, sustancias cuya producción fue prohibida debido a su peligrosidad, persistencia y toxicidad ambiental. A pesar de esta prohibición siguen funcionando una gran cantidad de aparatos que contienen volúmenes considerables de PCBs. Estos aparatos llegarán en los próximos años, si no lo han hecho ya, a la fase de residuos, por lo que es necesario asegurar su correcta eliminación para evitar su liberación al medio ambiente. El Plan Nacional para la descontaminación y eliminación de policlorobifenilos (PCBs, policloroterfenilos (PCTs y aparatos que los contengan, puesto en marcha en España en el año 2001, debe llevarse a cabo teniendo en cuenta los posibles efectos que los PCBs pueden provocar en el medio ambiente y en la salud humana y con el conocimiento de los responsables en salud pública.

  13. Global risks from energy consumption

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    von Hippel, F.

    1983-01-01

    A discussion of some of the global risks associated with current and frequently proposed future levels of consumption of energy from oil, coal, fission, fusion, and renewable sources points out the the dangers are serious and relatively near term. These include world war over Persian Gulf oil, climate change due to the buildup of atmospheric carbon dioxide, the accelerated proliferation of nuclear weapons, and competition between food and energy for land and water. The author urges placing a greater emphasis on how we use energy and how to reduce energy waste. At the levels of consumption which economically justified levels of energy efficiency could bring about, enough flexibility could develop in our choice of a future energy-supply mix to dramatically reduce the associated global risks. 47 references, 3 figures

  14. ALMR potential for actinide consumption

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cockey, C.L.; Thompson, M.L.

    1992-01-01

    The Advanced Liquid Metal Reactor (ALMR) is a US Department of Energy (DOE) sponsored fast reactor design based on the Power Reactor, Innovative Small Module (PRISM) concept originated by General Electric. This reactor combines a high degree of passive safety characteristics with a high level of modularity and factory fabrication to achieve attractive economics. The current reference design is a 471 MWt modular reactor fueled with ternary metal fuel. This paper discusses actinide transmutation core designs that fit the design envelope of the ALMR and utilize spent LWR fuel as startup material and for makeup. Actinide transmutation may be accomplished in the ALMR core by using either a breeding or burning configuration. Lifetime actinide mass consumption is calculated as well as changes in consumption behavior throughout the lifetime of the reactor. Impacts on system operational and safety performance are evaluated in a preliminary fashion. Waste disposal impacts are discussed. (author)

  15. Manufacturing consumption of energy 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-01

    This report provides estimates on energy consumption in the manufacturing sector of the U.S. economy based on data from the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey. The sample used in this report represented about 250,000 of the largest manufacturing establishments which account for approximately 98 percent of U.S. economic output from manufacturing, and an expected similar proportion of manufacturing energy use. The amount of energy use was collected for all operations of each establishment surveyed. Highlights of the report include profiles for the four major energy-consuming industries (petroleum refining, chemical, paper, and primary metal industries), and an analysis of the effects of changes in the natural gas and electricity markets on the manufacturing sector. Seven appendices are included to provide detailed background information. 10 figs., 51 tabs.

  16. Reflexiones sobre los sistemas silvopastoriles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. O Russo

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este análisis es reflexionar acerca de modelos integrados de producción ganadera familiar y extensiva, más estables y sustentables, en los que se integre el componente leñoso, que contribuye a la reducción de gases con efecto invernadero y favorece la mitigación del cambio climático. Para ello se hizo una revisión de conceptos referentes a la integración de la actividad forestal en la ganadería, como alternativa viable de sistema de producción. Se parte del criterio de que los sistemas silvopastoriles (SSP, dentro de los agroforestales, son agroecosistemas en los que se asocia un componente arbóreo con uno herbáceo (pasturas naturales o mejoradas y otro pecuario (ganado en un mismo sitio, donde existen interacciones biológicas entre estos y se maximiza el uso de la tierra. También se describe cómo se agrupan los SSP; sus oportunidades desde los puntos de vista económico, productivo, social y ambiental; y los efectos de la interacción entre sus componentes. Este análisis permite plantear que los SSP son producto de la relación entre la biología, la sociedad y la cultura, y en ellos existe una enorme diversidad; asimismo, permiten la reconversión de la ganadería extensiva de muy baja productividad en sistemas más productivos y sostenibles en el tiempo, así como la rehabilitación de las áreas degradadas por ese tipo de ganadería, por la deforestación y por el agotamiento de los suelos.

  17. Raw milk consumption and health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Popović-Vranješ Anka

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Contrary to the safe practices of milk pasteurization or sterilization, which effectively reduce foodborne outbreaks incidence associated with raw milk and dairy products use, outbreaks caused by such products continue to occur. Despite this fact, a worldwide movement advocating for the rights of raw milk and cheese selling and consumption, due to their specific nutritive characteristics, has strengthened significantly in recent years. Traditional agricultural manufacturers from Serbia still sell products related to thermally unprocessed milk, such as cottage cheese and raw cream. In AP Vojvodina during the period of 1981-2010 a total of 179 foodborne outbreaks were reported, where the incriminated cause of the outbreak were milk or diary. In 126 (70.39% outbreaks, totaling 2276 sick individuals and one casualty, it was confirmed that the incriminated food was from the group of dairy products. In 48 instances (26.82%, bacteriological tests confirmed that milk and dairy products were excluded as the outbreak causes, while in another 5 (2.79% outbreaks, microbiological analysis of food failed to confirm any relation to the actual epidemiological instances. In some cases, bacteriological testing of incriminated foods was not possible. In the cases of outbreaks associated with the consumption of milk and dairy products, traditional raw milk products were cited as being used. Consumption of unpasteurized milk and cheese represents public health threat. National and international rules ensuring use of safe products for human consumption have to set rules of trade of thermally processed milk and products on the market. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. TR31095

  18. Stuttering, alcohol consumption and smoking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heelan, Milly; McAllister, Jan; Skinner, Jane

    2016-06-01

    Limited research has been published regarding the association between stuttering and substance use. An earlier study provided no evidence for such an association, but the authors called for further research to be conducted using a community sample. The present study used data from a community sample to investigate whether an association between stuttering and alcohol consumption or regular smoking exists in late adolescence and adulthood. Regression analyses were carried out on data from a birth cohort study, the National Child Development Study (NCDS), whose initial cohort included 18,558 participants who have since been followed up until age 55. In the analyses, the main predictor variable was parent-reported stuttering at age 16. Parental socio-economic group, cohort member's sex and childhood behavioural problems were also included. The outcome variables related to alcohol consumption and smoking habits at ages 16, 23, 33, 41, 46, 50 and 55. No significant association was found between stuttering and alcohol consumption or stuttering and smoking at any of the ages. It was speculated that the absence of significant associations might be due to avoidance of social situations on the part of many of the participants who stutter, or adoption of alternative coping strategies. Because of the association between anxiety and substance use, individuals who stutter and are anxious might be found to drink or smoke excessively, but as a group, people who stutter are not more likely than those who do not to have high levels of consumption of alcohol or nicotine. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Energy consumption and technological developments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Okorokov, V.R.

    1990-02-01

    The paper determines an outline of the world energy prospects based on principal trends of the development of energy consumption analysed over the long past period. According to the author's conclusion the development of energy systems will be determined in the nearest future (30 - 40 years) by contemporary energy technologies based on the exploitation of traditional energy resources but in the far future technologies based on the exploitation of thermonuclear and solar energy will play the decisive role. (author)

  20. Household vehicles energy consumption 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-08-01

    Household Vehicles Energy Consumption 1994 reports on the results of the 1994 Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey (RTECS). The RTECS is a national sample survey that has been conducted every 3 years since 1985. For the 1994 survey, more than 3,000 households that own or use some 6,000 vehicles provided information to describe vehicle stock, vehicle-miles traveled, energy end-use consumption, and energy expenditures for personal vehicles. The survey results represent the characteristics of the 84.9 million households that used or had access to vehicles in 1994 nationwide. (An additional 12 million households neither owned or had access to vehicles during the survey year.) To be included in then RTECS survey, vehicles must be either owned or used by household members on a regular basis for personal transportation, or owned by a company rather than a household, but kept at home, regularly available for the use of household members. Most vehicles included in the RTECS are classified as {open_quotes}light-duty vehicles{close_quotes} (weighing less than 8,500 pounds). However, the RTECS also includes a very small number of {open_quotes}other{close_quotes} vehicles, such as motor homes and larger trucks that are available for personal use.

  1. Energy sustainability: consumption, efficiency, and ...

    Science.gov (United States)

    One of the critical challenges in achieving sustainability is finding a way to meet the energy consumption needs of a growing population in the face of increasing economic prosperity and finite resources. According to ecological footprint computations, the global resource consumption began exceeding planetary supply in 1977 and by 2030, global energy demand, population, and gross domestic product are projected to greatly increase over 1977 levels. With the aim of finding sustainable energy solutions, we present a simple yet rigorous procedure for assessing and counterbalancing the relationship between energy demand, environmental impact, population, GDP, and energy efficiency. Our analyses indicated that infeasible increases in energy efficiency (over 100 %) would be required by 2030 to return to 1977 environmental impact levels and annual reductions (2 and 3 %) in energy demand resulted in physical, yet impractical requirements; hence, a combination of policy and technology approaches is needed to tackle this critical challenge. This work emphasizes the difficulty in moving toward energy sustainability and helps to frame possible solutions useful for policy and management. Based on projected energy consumption, environmental impact, human population, gross domestic product (GDP), and energy efficiency, for this study, we explore the increase in energy-use efficiency and the decrease in energy use intensity required to achieve sustainable environmental impact le

  2. Improvement of sunflower for consumption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dijanović Dijana

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Growing sunflower (Heliianthus annuus L for consumption is becoming more and more attractive in the whole world and in our country, as well. The consumption of this product has been considerably increased because it is being used more and more in various forms: sunflower seed in a hull, hulled kernels fried or non-fried, salted or non-salted with addition of various spices. The sunflower kernel is used for preparing over 100 different food products: special types of bread, cakes, ice-cream, chocolate. In accordance with the trade demands, the aims of sunflower seeds for consumption improvement are: high productivity, greater content of proteins, lesser content of oil, oncreased mass of 1000 seeds, lesser portion of the hull easy nibbling, as well as tolerance to dominant diseases in the growing region. In the Agricultural and Technological Research Center in Zajecar, 4 genotypes of protein sunflower (two cultivars and two hybrids have been created so far. This study shows the results achieved in increasing the content of protein, the mass of 1000 seeds, decreasing the content of oil and hull of the new 90 hybrid combination. The hybrid combinations were obtained by crossing of the CMS and restorer lines.

  3. [Why is bread consumption decreasing?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rolland, M F; Chabert, C; Serville, Y

    1977-01-01

    In France bread plays a very special and ambivalent role among our foodstuffs because of the considerable drop in its consumption, its alleged harmful effects on our health and the respect in which it is traditionally held. More than half the 1 089 adults interviewed in this study say they have decreased their consumption of bread in the last 10 years. The reasons given vary according to age, body weight and urbanization level. The main reasons given for this restriction are the desire to prevent or reduce obesity, the decrease in physical activity, the general reduction in food consumption and the possibility of diversifying foods even further. Moreover, the decreasing appeal of bread in relation to other foods, as well as a modification in the structure of meals, in which bread becomes less useful to accompany other food, accentuate this loss of attraction. However, the respect for bread as part of the staple diet remains very acute as 95 p. 100 of those interviewed express a reluctance to throw bread away, more for cultural than economic reasons. Mechanization and urbanization having brought about a decrease in energy needs, the most common alimentary adaptation is general caloric restriction by which glucids, and especially bread, are curtailed.

  4. Passenger car fuel consumption survey

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1984-03-01

    This survey originated from a proposal to monitor the fuel consumption and fuel economy of personal use passenger cars operated in Canada. Its purpose is to establish a data base which would contain information on total distance travelled, total amount of fuel consumed, average distance obtained per unit of fuel, total expenditures on fuel, and seasonal fluctuations in fuel consumption and in distance travelled. Among the needs served by this data base are the monitoring of passenger car fuel economy standards and the estimation of pasenger car fuel requirements in conditions involving fuel shortages. Survey methodology is by telephone interview to trace selected vehicles to the registered owners, at which time a fuel purchase diary is then mailed to the principal driver of the car. The results are tabulated on a quarterly basis and to be released as they become available in bulletins similar to this. Data are presented for each province and the total for Canada is given. During the fourth quarter of 1982, it is estimated that there were 7.3 million personal use passenger cars operated in Canada. These cars were driven 28 billion kilometers and consumed 4.3 billion litres of fuel. Their average litres/100 kilometres and the average fuel consumption was 590 litres. 8 tabs.

  5. Los abusos sexuales en menores

    OpenAIRE

    Rivera Gil, Nieves

    2012-01-01

    El abuso sexual es una tipología del maltrato infantil. El diagnostico de abuso sexual de niñas y niños resulta difícil tanto para familiares como profesionales. En la mayoría de los casos el agresor es un familiar o una persona muy allegada y, en las edades más tempranas. La prevención es un trabajo importante. La prevención debe de ser adecuada y eficaz, en el momento adecuado y con los destinatarios precisos. Actualmente en España y exactamente en Castilla y León los datos que tenemo...

  6. LOS ESTUDIOS DE POBREZA URBANA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rina De León Herrera

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se intenta mostrar en forma sucinta la evolución de los estudios de pobreza urbana; se retoma para ello la producción escritural de investigadores que han hecho aportes valiosos sobre la temática en diferentes épocas y espacios geográficos. La información se ha organizado en dos unidades de análisis: la producción escritural en los países desarrollados y en los países en desarrollo.

  7. Los Alamos Climatology 2016 Update

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bruggeman, David Alan [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2017-02-10

    The Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL or the Laboratory) operates a meteorology monitoring network to support LANL emergency response, engineering designs, environmental compliance, environmental assessments, safety evaluations, weather forecasting, environmental monitoring, research programs, and environmental restoration. Weather data has been collected in Los Alamos since 1910. Bowen (1990) provided climate statistics (temperature and precipitation) for the 1961– 1990 averaging period, and included other analyses (e.g., wind and relative humidity) based on the available station locations and time periods. This report provides an update to the 1990 publication Los Alamos Climatology (Bowen 1990).

  8. Los principios UNIDROIT para los contratos internacionales (parte B

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Oviedo Albán

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio nos explica los Principios UNIDROIT para los contratos comerciales internacionales, los cuales se ponen en consideración de las partes cuando no es posible determinar cuál es la regla de derecho aplicable al contrato que les atañe, haciendo justicia de manera objetiva. Para corroborar la importancia de los Principios UNIDROIT, se ilustra este estudio con diferentes laudos de la Corte Internacional de Arbitraje de la Cámara de Comercio Internacional, la cual se apoya en ellos para emitir sus fallos. Estos Principios representan una nueva aproximación al derecho de los negocios internacionales e intentan remediar deficiencias surgidas del derecho y, de paso, llenar vacios de la Convención de Viena de 1980 sobre compraventa internacional de mercaderías. El autor de este estudio nos hace caer en cuenta la urgente necesidad de que al seno de nuestras universidades se difundan los mecanismos de contratación mercantil de nutrido estudio en el mundo, pero de escaso conocimiento en nuestro medio.

  9. Los principios UNIDROIT para los contratos internacionales (parte A

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Oviedo Albán

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio nos explica los Principios UNIDROIT para los contratos comerciales internacionales, los cuales se ponen en consideración de las partes cuando no es posible determinar cuál es la regla de derecho aplicable al contrato que les atañe, haciendo justicia de manera objetiva. Para corroborar la importancia de los Principios UNIDROIT, se ilustra este estudio con diferentes laudos de la Corte Internacional de Arbitraje de la Cámara de Comercio Internacional, la cual se apoya en ellos para emitir sus fallos. Estos Principios representan una nueva aproximación al derecho de los negocios internacionales e intentan remediar deficiencias surgidas del derecho y, de paso, llenar vacios de la Convención de Viena de 1980 sobre compraventa internacional de mercaderías. El autor de este estudio nos hace caer en cuenta la urgente necesidad de que al seno de nuestras universidades se difundan los mecanismos de contratación mercantil de nutrido estudio en el mundo, pero de escaso conocimiento en nuestro medio.

  10. Los desastres naturales: el rol del pediatra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arturo Loredo Abdalá

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available ¿Es factible que los médicos pediatras puedan intervenir orientando a los papás de sus pacientes o a cualquier persona sobre alguna de las diversas estrategias que se requieren para alcanzar los acuerdos y la reconstrucción de los daños causados por los sismos, terremotos, huracanes e inundaciones como los que en meses previos afectaron a Chiapas, Oaxaca, Guerrero, Morelos, Puebla y la Ciudad de México?

  11. Naturaleza de los derechos humanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos López Dawson

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available En la formación de una nueva Carta Fundamental los constituyentes requerirán conocer o consensuar sobre la naturaleza de los derechos humanos; luego, determinar cómo el Estado hará efectivo el respeto de tales derechos. Para ello es necesario recurrir a la historia y evolución de estos derechos, y el presente trabajo trata de contribuir a un debate productivo eficiente sobre la naturaleza de los derechos humanos, para que los ciudadanos puedan decidir en el entendido de que se trata de una decisión democrática reflexionada y fundada en el humanismo. El análisis se sitúa en el contexto técnico-ideológico del sistema republicano vigente que corresponde al estado actual del derecho internacional.

  12. La especie de los Pulpos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EDDY JOSEFINA PARIGUAN MARTINEZ

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo principal de éste trabajo es introducir la especie Oct de los pulpos. Demostraremos además la validez de ciertas ecuaciones combinatorias sugeridas por F. Bergeron y otros.

  13. La especie de los pulpos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eddy Pariguan

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo principal de este trabajo es introducir la especie de los pulpos en combinatoria enumerativa. Demostraremos además la validez de ciertas ecuaciones combinatorias sugeridas por Bergeron et al. en [3].

  14. Derechos de los animales, deberes de los humanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    López de la Vieja, María Teresa

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Applied Ethics usually refers to human beings, to their practical problems and to their interests. However, the sphere of ethical issues has expanded during the last years. In spite of the fact that the moral point of view is still grounded on anthropocentrism, the environment and living beings are now the aim object of some moral concern. Justice, as a moral principle, could expand itself, as well, in order to include nonhuman beings: their interest and their welfare. Prom a moderate anthropocentric standpoint, this article defends an asymmetrical moral concern. Indeed, we could understand animal' s rights only as a result of human duties towards the own species. This essay claims for direct duties to future generations of humans, and for indirect duties to nonhUman. Therefore, justice between species would enlarge justice between generations.

    La Ética aplicada se suele referir a los problemas prácticos e intereses de los seres humanos. Sin embargo, las cuestiones éticas se han ido ampliando en los últimos años. A pesar de que el punto de vista moral sigue anclado en un enfoque antropocéntrico, el medio ambiente y los seres vivos son ahora objeto de alguna consideración moral. La justicia, como principio moral, puede ampliarse también hasta incluir a los no humanos, sus intereses y su bienestar. Desde un enfoque antropocéntrico moderado, el artículo defiende en este tema una consideración moral asimétrica; pues sólo podemos entender los derechos de los animales como resultado de los deberes de los humanos hacia la propia especie. Son deberes directos hacia las generaciones futuras de humanos, deberes indirectos hacia los no humanos. Por tanto, la justicia entre especies amplía la idea de justicia entre generaciones.

  15. Self-consumption. German experience feedback

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Roesner, Sven

    2015-01-01

    This document presents, first, the definition and context of self-consumption (photovoltaic and cogeneration), then its profitability (regulation and financial incentive), next, the direct consumption by third parties, and finally, the opportunities and technical challenges

  16. Factors that negatively influence consumption of traditionally ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Factors that negatively influence consumption of traditionally fermented milk ... in various countries of sub-Saharan Africa and a number of health benefits to human ... influence consumption of Mursik, a traditionally fermented milk product from ...

  17. Energetic consumption levels and human development indexes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boa Nova, Antonio Carlos

    1999-01-01

    The article overviews the energetic consumption levels and human development indexes. The human development indexes are described based on the United Nations Development Programme. A comparison between the energetic consumption levels and human development indexes is also presented

  18. Los trabajos del cronista cuatrocentista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Brian TATE

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Denis hay, profesor de historia en la Universidad de Edimburgo hasta su muerte, fue autor de muchos libros y editor de numerosos textos de historiadores humanistas tan diversos como Flavio Biondo y Polidoro Virgilio. En su Renaissance Essays ha llamado la atención sobre la manera en que la historiografía del quattrocento ha sido tratada por los críticos literarios y los historiadores profesionales.

  19. State energy data report 1992: Consumption estimates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-05-01

    This is a report of energy consumption by state for the years 1960 to 1992. The report contains summaries of energy consumption for the US and by state, consumption by source, comparisons to other energy use reports, consumption by energy use sector, and describes the estimation methodologies used in the preparation of the report. Some years are not listed specifically although they are included in the summary of data.

  20. Household energy and consumption and expenditures, 1990

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-01-01

    The purpose of this supplement to the Household Energy Consumption and Expenditures 1990 report is to provide information on the use of energy in residential housing units, specifically at the four Census regions and nine Census division levels. This report includes household energy consumption, expenditures, and prices for natural gas, electricity, fuel oil, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), and kerosene as well as household wood consumption. For national-level data, see the main report, Household Energy Consumption and Expenditures 1990

  1. Optimal Smooth Consumption and Annuity Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruhn, Kenneth; Steffensen, Mogens

    2013-01-01

    We propose an optimization criterion that yields extraordinary consumption smoothing compared to the well known results of the life-cycle model. Under this criterion we solve the related consumption and investment optimization problem faced by individuals with preferences for intertemporal stabil...... stability in consumption. We find that the consumption and investment patterns demanded under the optimization criterion is in general offered as annuity benefits from products in the class of ‘Formula Based Smoothed Investment-Linked Annuities’....

  2. Los destructivos B&B

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel López

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En los últimos años varios dibujos animados para jóvenes han cautivado a los mayores por la temática que tratan. Ese es el caso de los Simpson o de Vida de Perros, que son fiel representación de la sociedad norteamericana. Ahora se suma a este fenómeno el dúo juvenil integrado por los destructivos BEAVIS & BUTT HEAD -B&B- jóvenes desempleados piromaniáticos cuyas vidas están marcadas por sus locuras, el amor a la música heavy metal, viven en una zona suburbana y retratan fielmente a la sociedad estadounidense. La exhibición de esta serie en América Latina es tomada como otra forma de penetración cultural norteamericana, son productos de mala calidad que nada tienen que ver con nuestra manera de ser, pero el marketing se impone y muy posiblemente en poco tiempo los B&B se impondrá como los Simpson.

  3. Segunda parte: los nuevos requerimientos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario de Agüero Aguirre

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available A la luz de los cambios que se han venido dando en el ámbito de la economía mediante un proceso acelerado de globalización y apertura de los mercados se han generado presiones para que se actualicen y fortalezcan los programas de formación de administradores y contadores. Razones por las que se propone una revisión de los programas actuales en licenciatura a fin de lograr que los egresados de las escuelas de administración tengan un acervo de conocimientos más amplio y sólido creándose de tal manera una licenciatura única y, con ello, el que los conocimientos especializados de algunas de las disciplinas relacionadas con el vasto universo del conocimiento de la actividad económica de las organizaciones sea proporcionado mediante estudios de posgrado. Lo que aquí se sugiere debe ser considerado como una propuesta seminal que puede ser la base de un estudio amplio partiendo, por supuesto, de un debate en el claustro universitario sobre las ideas aquí propuestas

  4. Los filtros de accesibilidad a los documentos públicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Pérez Herrero

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo pretende despejar las dudas suscitadas en las salas de investigación de los archivos, en cuanto a la consulta de los documentos portadores  de información se refiere, bien por ser fuentes históricas, bien por tratarse de testimonios y pruebas de derechos adquiridos por las administraciones y administrados. La documentación histórica por excelencia (de más de 100 arios de antigüedad es de consulta libre, pues el desvelo y discernimiento de su tenor no atenta contra la intimidad de las personas ni contra la integridad de los procedimientos. No ocurre lo mismo con la documentación reciente, cuyo reconocimiento de su contenido puede, en determinado casos, afectar negativamente a su intervinientes (autor, destinatario y rogatorio o, simplemente, por tratarse de actos personales y propios, conceptuados de íntimos, que no interesan a terceras personas. Pero hay otros impedimentos, menos emblemáticos y reconocidos, que impiden la lectura de los documentos como son su mal estado de conservación  (lo que limita su manejo y la ausencia de instrumentos de descripción (lo que impide la localización de los documentos de interés. Estos impedimentos son a los que hemos bautizado con la denominación de “filtros de accesibilidad”, y que son los siguientes: Filtro legal (o plazos administrativos de accesibilidad y derecho a la intimidad, filtro de conservación (o mal estado de los documentos y filtro de los descriptores (o ausencia de instrumentos de descripción documental.The purpose of this article is to clear up the doubts concerning the difficulty of access to documents in public archives. Ancient documents (those more than one hundred years old are free to access since  the revealing of its tenor does not violate the right to privacy or the integrity of procedures. However, the access to recent documents may be detrimental to the people implied (author, addressee, etc particularly in the case of personal acts

  5. Power Consumption of a MOSFET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frederick Selkey

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A MOSFET is defined as metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor. These electrical components are combined or integrated to form control and logic functions for laptop and desktop computers, power controls in printing devices, motor controls and are used in many other electrical circuits. All electrical devices consume electrical power based on current and voltage. For this paper we calculated the power consumption of a Toshiba 2SK3563 MOSFET during its triode mode by finding the area under the current-voltage characteristic curve.

  6. Taxation and Consumption of Wine

    OpenAIRE

    Tsolakis, Dimitris

    1983-01-01

    In this article, the impact that a sales tax might have upon wine consumption and, hence, on the wine and grape growing industries, is analysed. Implications for government revenue are also considered. It is shown that the relative responsiveness of supply and demand, rather than the level in the marketing chain at which a tax is levied, determines where the tax burden finally falls. The imposition of a tax on wine might force certain sectors of the wine and grape industries to undergo a phas...

  7. Heavy consumption and drink driving

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fynbo, Lars

    2010-01-01

    This paper is part of an ongoing mixed methods project about untreated heavy alcohol consumption amongst adult Danes. It is based upon 21 in-depth qualitative interviews with convicted drink drivers. All interviewees were contacted while attending mandatory courses in “Alcohol and Traffic safety...... on the interviewee’s risk behaviour, especially in relation to driving. The interviewees are first divided into 1) a group of young “edgeworkers” with pronounced general risk behaviour, 2) a group of middle-aged “post-edgeworkers”, most with criminal records, and 3) a group of middle-aged and older heavy consumers...

  8. Los paradigmas financieros en tiempos de crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo de la Dehesa

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available La crisis financiera mundial de finales del siglo XX ha puesto en evidencia los problemas de aplicación de los paradigmas financieros sobre los que se basa la actividad inversora de los agentes económicos que intervienen en los mercados de capitales. Esta experiencia ha demostrado, una vez más, que la aplicación de las teorías y de los modelos más consolidados en la ciencia de las finanzas no funciona adecuadamente, bien porque los supuestos sobre los que se basan dejan de darse en situaciones críticas, bien porque no se utilizan de forma correcta. No quiero decir que dichas teorías o modelos no sean coherentes, ya que son los que han permitido el enorme desarrollo de los mercados financieros, pero tienen problemas en los momentos críticos.

  9. El polimorfismo en los alergenos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Lagares

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available Los alergenos son antígenos que inducen una respuesta inmunológica mediada por anticuerpos tipo IgE. Estos pueden provenir de diferentes fuentes como pólenes, ácaros, mohos, animales, insectos y alimentos. Una molécula alergénica consiste en un número determinado de epítopes o determinantes antigénicos. Algunos alergenos están constituidos por varias moléculas similares, las cuales presentan variaciones menores en la secuencia de aminoácidos, es decir, presentan polimorfismo y de acuerdo con el grado de similitud que presenten, se denominan isoalergenos o variantes. El polimorfismo puede ser el resultado de la presencia de varios alelos, como también de la presencia de familias de genes relacionados. Este fenómeno se ha detectado en alergenos de diferentes fuentes como los ácaros, los pólenes y las cucarachas, entre otros. El polimorfismo puede tener un efecto importante sobre los epítopes reconocidos por los linfocitos T, por los anticuerpos monoclonales y por la IgE de pacientes alérgicos, lo cual afecta la capacidad alergénica o el grado de reactividad cruzada con alergenos de otras especies. La existencia de isoformas con una capacidad nula o disminuida de unirse a la IgE, pero con capacidad de estimular los linfocitos T, se ha planteado como una alternativa atractiva en la inmunoterapia de las alergias. La estandarización de extractos alergénicos puede verse afectada por la presencia de isoformas en diferentes proporciones en fuentes alergénicas de diferentes regiones geográficas.

  10. Electricity consumption in Geneva's businesses and administration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bassand, M.; Malatesta, D.; Chevalier, H.

    1999-01-01

    The article describes a data-collection project that gave an overview of energy consumption in Geneva's businesses and the canton's administration. For the first time, data on the patterns of use of electrical equipment were collected. The development of the sampling process is discussed, and the development of the categories defined for the analysis of the results is described. The role of various types of objects and their typical electricity consumption is discussed and trends in consumption are described. Results discussed include electricity consumption per employee and the degree of awareness regarding costs and consumption in various business types

  11. Household energy consumption and expenditures, 1990

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-01-01

    This report, Household Energy Consumption and Expenditures 1990, is based upon data from the 1990 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS). Focusing on energy end-use consumption and expenditures of households, the 1990 RECS is the eighth in a series conducted since 1978 by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). Over 5,000 households were surveyed, providing information on their housing units, housing characteristics, energy consumption and expenditures, stock of energy-consuming appliances, and energy-related behavior. The information provided represents the characteristics and energy consumption of 94 million households nationwide

  12. Life-Cycle Consumption and Children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Thomas Høgholm

    I show that conventional estimators based on the consumption Euler equation, extensively used in studies of intertemporal consumption behavior, produce inconsistent estimates of the effect of children on consumption if potentially binding credit constraints are ignored. As a more constructive...... contribution, I supply a tractable approach to obtaining bounds on the effect of children and a structural estimation strategy when households face constraints. Finally, I estimate the effect of children on consumption using the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) for the US and high quality Danish...... administrative register data. Results suggest that children does not affect household consumption in the same magnitude previously assumed....

  13. Socio-Demographic Differences in Energy Drink Consumption and Reasons for Consumption among US College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poulos, Natalie S.; Pasch, Keryn E.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Energy drink consumption has become increasingly prevalent among US college students, yet little is known about current rates of consumption and reasons for consumption among current energy drink users, particularly differences related to gender and race/ethnicity. Objectives: To better understand energy drink consumption alone and…

  14. Resource consumption, sustainability, and cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kareva, Irina; Morin, Benjamin; Castillo-Chavez, Carlos

    2015-02-01

    Preserving a system's viability in the presence of diversity erosion is critical if the goal is to sustainably support biodiversity. Reduction in population heterogeneity, whether inter- or intraspecies, may increase population fragility, either decreasing its ability to adapt effectively to environmental changes or facilitating the survival and success of ordinarily rare phenotypes. The latter may result in over-representation of individuals who may participate in resource utilization patterns that can lead to over-exploitation, exhaustion, and, ultimately, collapse of both the resource and the population that depends on it. Here, we aim to identify regimes that can signal whether a consumer-resource system is capable of supporting viable degrees of heterogeneity. The framework used here is an expansion of a previously introduced consumer-resource type system of a population of individuals classified by their resource consumption. Application of the Reduction Theorem to the system enables us to evaluate the health of the system through tracking both the mean value of the parameter of resource (over)consumption, and the population variance, as both change over time. The article concludes with a discussion that highlights applicability of the proposed system to investigation of systems that are affected by particularly devastating overly adapted populations, namely cancerous cells. Potential intervention approaches for system management are discussed in the context of cancer therapies.

  15. PERSPECTIVES UPON CONSUMPTION AND HAPPINESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreea Mihaela STROE

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Consumers are described by economists as rational people when making a decision and when interacting with different types of framing problems. Theories explaining rational "consumer's rational behaviour" , assume that emotions can be controlled and even ignored so people be able to behave in a rational manner. An important issue was to establish the rational economic report between resources and needs and finding ways to optimize it. Rational consumer behaviour is considered to be one that ensures maximum consumer satisfaction with maximum efficiency at minimum cost. Each user asks himself at one point, if happiness is found in material goods and services. Economists would like that the consumers believe that in their attempt to explain buying behaviour. However, it is a matter of debate if psychological records tend to state otherwise. It is suggested that people buy goods and services hoping that they will substitute the factors that make them truly happy . It is debatable whether consumption is detrimental to human happiness and if the link between consumption and happiness extends to all buying experiences.

  16. Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donnelly, Matthew K [Kennewick, WA; Chassin, David P [Pasco, WA; Dagle, Jeffery E [Richland, WA; Kintner-Meyer, Michael [Richland, WA; Winiarski, David W [Kennewick, WA; Pratt, Robert G [Kennewick, WA; Boberly-Bartis, Anne Marie [Alexandria, VA

    2006-03-07

    Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems are described. In one aspect, an electrical appliance energy consumption control method includes providing an electrical appliance coupled with a power distribution system, receiving electrical energy within the appliance from the power distribution system, consuming the received electrical energy using a plurality of loads of the appliance, monitoring electrical energy of the power distribution system, and adjusting an amount of consumption of the received electrical energy via one of the loads of the appliance from an initial level of consumption to an other level of consumption different than the initial level of consumption responsive to the monitoring.

  17. Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donnelly, Matthew K [Kennewick, WA; Chassin, David P [Pasco, WA; Dagle, Jeffery E [Richland, WA; Kintner-Meyer, Michael [Richland, WA; Winiarski, David W [Kennewick, WA; Pratt, Robert G [Kennewick, WA; Boberly-Bartis, Anne Marie [Alexandria, VA

    2008-09-02

    Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems are described. In one aspect, an electrical appliance energy consumption control method includes providing an electrical appliance coupled with a power distribution system, receiving electrical energy within the appliance from the power distribution system, consuming the received electrical energy using a plurality of loads of the appliance, monitoring electrical energy of the power distribution system, and adjusting an amount of consumption of the received electrical energy via one of the loads of the appliance from an initial level of consumption to an other level of consumption different than the initial level of consumption responsive to the monitoring.

  18. Forecasting Alcohol Consumption in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tereza Slováčková

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with a forecast of developments in alcohol consumption based on current alcohol consumption per capita (expressed in litres of pure alcohol, and time series extrapolations. Alcohol consumption is to be considered from the vantage point of knowing the specifics of the product and the consequences of its excessive consumption. The predictive methodology makes use of the Box‑Jenkins method; the ARIMA model, taking into account the autocorrelation and partial autocorrelation process, which is a prerequisite for the successful identification of a time series model; model parameter estimation; appropriate transformations of time series; determining the order of differentiation and subsequent verification of the model. The chosen methodology for future trends in alcohol consumptions is a prerequisite for the proposed optional measures to control alcohol consumption in the Czech Republic. Due to the long term nature of the process to draw up and implement alcohol consumption regulation measures, the forecast covers the forthcoming 10 years.

  19. Los anglicismos en la prensa deportiva de los 50

    OpenAIRE

    Vásquez Amador, María; Lario, Carmen; López, Paloma

    2015-01-01

    El deporte, uno de los fenómenos sociales de mayor relevancia hoy en día, tiene un origen angloamericano, consecuentemente, los primeros términos deportivos llegaron al resto de las lenguas directamente en inglés, es decir, como anglicismos. El objetivo de este trabajo es identificar estas voces y observar la evolución que han tenido en el español hablado a ambos lados del Atlántico. Mediante la lectura de tres periódicos deportivos publicados en México, Argentina y España a mitad del siglo X...

  20. Los anglicismos en la prensa deportiva de los 50

    OpenAIRE

    Vazquez-Amador, Maria; Lario-de-Oñate, M. Carmen; Lopez-Zurita, Paloma

    2015-01-01

    El deporte, uno de los fenómenos sociales de mayor relevancia hoy en día, tiene un origen angloamericano, consecuentemente, los primeros términos deportivos llegaron al resto de las lenguas directamente en inglés, es decir, como anglicismos. El objetivo de este trabajo es identificar estas voces y observar la evolución que han tenido en el español hablado a ambos lados del Atlántico. Mediante la lectura de tres periódicos deportivos publicados en México, Argentina y España a mi...

  1. LA REPRESENTACION DE LOS COLEGIOS SALESIANOS EN LOS SUPERVISORES NEUQUINOS

    OpenAIRE

    MARÍA ANDREA NICOLETTI

    2011-01-01

    Nos proponemos analizar en este trabajo de qué manera la identidad entre las escuelas confesionales y los Salesianos, construida desde la época del territorio patagónico, ha marcado fuertemente el discurso de los supervisores escolares que las visitaban. Estos han proyectado una clara representación social sobre la «escuela salesiana», no sólo referencial, sino también prospectiva, en cuanto a que se manifiesta como una construcción inducida. Dentro del sistema educativo patagónico, l...

  2. Representación social de "los argentinos", "los españoles", "los latinoamericanos" y "los europeos" en estudiantes universitarios argentinos

    OpenAIRE

    Néstor Daniel Roselli

    2000-01-01

    El objetivo de la investigación es descriptivo: producir una caracterización de cómo los estudiantes universitarios argentinos definen subjetivamente a los referidos grupos nacionales ("los "los argentinos", "los españoles" y supranacionales, "los latinoamericanos" y "los europeos"). Sin embargo, no esun mero estudio de estereotipos nacionales. La originalidad consiste en el encuadre metodológico, propio de análisis de las representaciones sociales. Se basa en un análisis estadístico d...

  3. Energy consumption of sport halls

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1983-01-01

    The energy consumption of Finland's sports halls (ball games halls, ice hockey halls and swimming halls) represent approximately 1% of that of the country's whole building stock. In the light of the facts revealed by the energy study the potential energy saving rate in sports halls is 15-25%. The total savings would be something like FIM 30-40 million per annum, of which about a half would be achieved without energy-economic investments only by changing utilization habits and by automatic control measures. The energy-economic investments are for the most part connected with ventilation and their repayment period is from one to five years. On the basis of the energy study the following specific consumption are presented as target values: swimming halls: heat (kWh/m*H3/a)100, electricity (kWh/m*H3/a)35, water (l/m*H3/a)1000 icehockey halls (warm): heat (kWh/m*H3/a)25, electricity (kWh/m*H3/a)15, water (l/m*H3/a)200, ball games halls (multi-purpose halls): heat (kWh/m*H3/a)30, electricity (kWh/m*H3/a)25, water (l/m*H3/a)130. In the study the following points proved to be the central areas of energy saving in sports halls: 1. Flexible regulation of the temperature in sports spaces on the basis of the sport in question. 2. The ventilation of swimming halls should be adjusted in such a way that the humidity of the hall air would comply with the limit humidity curve determined by the quality of structures and the temperature of the outdoor air. 3. An ice skating hall is an establishment producing condensing energy from 8 to 9 months a year worth of approx. 100.000-150.000 Finnmarks. The development of the recovery of condensing energy has become more important. 4. The ventilation of ball games halls may account for over 50% of the energy consumption of the whole building. Therefore special attention should be paid to the optimatization of ventilation as a whole.

  4. Los pobres­ -pobres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheldon Annis

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Actualmente existen cerca de mil millones de personas pobres en el mundo. El Banco Mundial estima que 35 mil personas mueren de hambre cada día. En el mundo actual se distinguen tres tendencias: la africanización de la pobreza absoluta;La emergencia de una sub-clase de pobres del post-desarrollo y el Movimiento mundial informal unificado de los "relativamente pobres". Se refiere a la revolución informativa y los pobres en América Latina; habla del auge de la televisión; la computación y redes; nuevas políticas del Banco Mundial; acciones pro-pobres. Recuerda que los pobres también participan de la era de la información. A casi todos les llega la radio. Y poco a poco la televisión y las nuevas tecnologías.

  5. Los personajes que parecen etiquetas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Rojas Herazo

    1967-11-01

    Full Text Available La propaganda, como el universo de la ficción, tiene sus personajes clásicos. El hombre del gran bacalao a cuestas en los frascos de emulsión; el perro auditivo en los discos de La Víctor; el cuáquero de las latas de avena; el científico victoriano en la portada de los almanaques Bristol; la vendimiadora del amplio canasto en las cajitas de uvitas de pasa; el dandy trotamundo que, impertinente y risueño con su monóculo en el ojo derecho, que trata de atravesar desde hace ciento cuarenta y cinco años el breve espacio de una marca de whiskey escosés.

  6. Cómo valorar los sistemas de propiedad a partir de datos arqueológicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilman, Antonio

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available Processual archaeologists have been reluctant to address the nature of prehistoric property regimes. Ethnological evidence suggests a predictable development of such regimes over the evolutionary range of human societies. Examination of patterns of elite expenditure and household consumption can be used to evaluate such evolutionary scenarios in concrete cases.

    Los arqueólogos procesuales han sido remisos a ocuparse de la naturaleza de los regimenes prehistóricos de propiedad. La evidencia etnológica sugiere un desarrollo predecible de tales regimenes en el curso de la escala evolutiva de las sociedades humanas. El examen de los patrones relativos a los gastos de la elite y del consumo familiar puede usarse para evaluar tales escenarios evolutivos en casos concretos.

  7. Los trotacalles de las ciudades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Dorais

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan los resultados de una investigación que tuvo como objetivo comprender las conductas, en particular amorosas y sexuales, de jóvenes de la calle de la ciudad de Quebec, Canadá, en relación con los factores de riesgo y los factores de protección concernientes a la transmisión de Infecciones de Transmisión Sexual o Sanguínea y del Virus de inmunodeficiencia Humana. Se utilizó un método cualitativo basado en la recopilación de relatos de experiencias de vida. Tal aproximación ha permitido cernir las experiencias de estos jóvenes a partir de los significados que tenían para ellos y ellas. Las cincuenta entrevistas individuales realizadas para esta investigación involucraron a treinta varones y veinte mujeres con una edad media de poco más de veinte años. Hemos identificado rápidamente dos tipos de jóvenes. El primer tipo es el del "sobreviviente" y el segundo el del "aventurero". El "sobreviviente" de la calle es aquel que sobrevive a la adversidad a través de una historia de vida dolorosa (en particular con su familia. 2El aventurero" ha escogido romper, provisoriamente, con su medio familiar, con el cual no vive, pero con quien mantiene vínculos. En sus prácticas amorosas y sexuales hemos descubierto en los jóvenes seis diferentes estrategias para evitar el uso del condón. Concluimos en que es importante replantear la prevención del SIDA y de las ITSS adaptando el discurso a la realidad vivida por los jóvenes de la calle; es decir, la búsqueda, ante todo, del placer.

  8. La prensa amarilla y los extraterrestres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lic. David R. Díaz

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available No hay duda de que uno de los temas que más recursos genera a los mecenas del cine y de la prensa amarillista es el de los extraterrestres. Prácticamente todas las revistas de corte sensacionalista recurren a menudo al tema de los extraterrestres para tratar de explicar algún "misterio", sea auténtico o inventado, con el fin de atraer la atención de los clientes.

  9. Propiedad Intelectual y acceso a los medicamentos

    OpenAIRE

    Torroba, Rodrigo

    2012-01-01

    El derecho a la salud se encuentra directamente vinculado con el acceso a los medicamentos adecuados para tratar las patologías. Asimismo dicho acceso se ha visto obstaculizado por el Acuerdo sobre los Aspectos de los Derechos de Propiedad Intelectual relacionados con el Comercio de 1994. Las tensiones que se producen entre los derechos de propiedad intelectual y el derecho a la salud ha llevado a que los actores internacionales adopten distintas conductas. El objetivo del trabajo consiste en...

  10. Energy consumption and economic growth

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brookes, L G

    1972-10-01

    A mathematical model relating Gross National Product (GNP) per capita to useful energy consumed per capita is demonstrated to predict the shift in this relationship actually experienced in the U.K. and the U.S. over a period of years. World GNP growths in the recent past are used to forecast GNP growth to the year 2030 and also (via the model) the necessary fuel consumption for such growth; likewise, potential production of fossil fuels (exclusive of tar sands and oil shale) is shown to 2030, based on two different assumptions about total world reserves. Fossil fuel ceases to meet world requirements for energy at some time between 1985 and 1995. The most likely candidate for filling the gap is nuclear power.

  11. Measurement of forearm oxygen consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Astrup, A; Simonsen, L; Bülow, J

    1988-01-01

    The classical forearm technique widely used for studies of skeletal muscle metabolism requires arterial cannulation. To avoid arterial puncture it is becoming more common to arterialize blood from a contralateral hand vein by local heating. This modification and the classical method have produced...... blood flow and decreases skeletal muscle blood flow. This facilitates mixing of superficial blood with deep venous blood. Contralateral heating increased deep venous oxygen saturation and abolished the pronounced glucose-induced increase in oxygen consumption observed in the control experiments after...... contradictory results regarding the contribution of skeletal muscle to glucose-induced thermogenesis. The effect on forearm circulation and the metabolism of heating the contralateral hand was examined before and after an oral glucose load. The results suggest that contralateral heating increases subcutaneous...

  12. Towards Sustainable Consumption and Production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulku, M. Ali; Hsuan, Juliana

    2017-01-01

    an environmentally conscious (green) consumer who will buy one of two available, horizontally differentiated products: a modular product (M) manufactured by Firm M or a standard product (S) manufactured by Firm S. Firm M can take advantage of its modular production technology and product return policy...... and numerical examples to render practical insights: The refund rate has a strong impact on profits; sensitivity of product greenness can be increased by conscientious advertising, and the reusability of modular parts encourages lower pricing and higher market share. We assert that modularity is a strong...... concept and practice in developing sustainable products and thereby in production, which, in turn, may enhance sustainable consumption. This study's findings have direct implications for reverse supply chain management, and firms should take these findings into account early in the product design phase....

  13. Consumption-based Equity Valuation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bach, Christian; Christensen, Peter O.

    2016-01-01

    implementations of standard valuation models, both in terms of median absolute valuation errors (MAVE) and in terms of excess returns on simple investment strategies based on the differences between model and market prices. The CCAPM-based valuation model yields a significantly lower MAVE than the best performing...... standard valuation model. Both types of models can identify investment strategies with subsequent excess returns. The CCAPM-based valuation model yields time-series of realized hedge returns with more and higher positive returns and fewer and less negative returns compared with the time-series of realized...... through a risk-adjusted cost of equity in the denominator. The risk adjustments are derived based on assumptions about the time-series properties of residual income returns and aggregate consumption rather than on historical stock returns. We compare the performance of the model with several...

  14. Consumption-based Equity Valuation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bach, Christian; Christensen, Peter Ove

    2013-01-01

    the performance of the model with several implementations of standard valuation models, both in terms of absolute valuation errors, and in terms of the returns on simple investment strategies based on the differences between model and market prices in the respective valuation models. The CCAPM-based valuation...... model performs substantially better than the best performing standard valuation model when comparing absolute valuation errors. Both types of models are able to identify investment strategies with subsequent excess returns but also in this setting, the CCAPM-based valuation model outperforms...... residual income for risk in the numerator rather than through a risk-adjusted cost of equity in the denominator. The risk-adjustments are derived based on assumptions about the time-series properties of residual income returns and aggregate consumption rather than on historical stock returns. We compare...

  15. Energy catastrophes and energy consumption

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Davis, G.

    1991-01-01

    The possibility of energy catastrophes in the production of energy serves to make estimation of the true social costs of energy production difficult. As a result, there is a distinct possibility that the private marginal cost curve of energy producers lies to the left or right of the true cost curve. If so, social welfare will not be maximized, and underconsumption or overconsumption of fuels will exist. The occurrence of energy catastrophes and observance of the market reaction to these occurrences indicates that overconsumption of energy has been the case in the past. Postulations as to market reactions to further energy catastrophes lead to the presumption that energy consumption levels remain above those that are socially optimal

  16. Proyecto EMELDI: los animales invertebrados

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz Viruel, Sergio

    2015-01-01

    El Proyecto EMELDI es un diseño enfocado al aprendizaje de los animales invertebrados aprovechando con eficacia todas las funciones y el gran hándicap que proporcionan a la educación los recursos interactivos tecnológicos y electrónicos; así como las redes sociales. No obstante el Proyecto EMELDI es una intervención dirigida a todo tipo de alumnado y de centro. Gracias a la propuesta de mejora que se ha realizado en este trabajo de fin de grado, el éxito que cosechó el Proyecto...

  17. Los otros materiales de construccion

    OpenAIRE

    Calvo Pérez, Benjamín

    2010-01-01

    Atención preferente a los materiales estructurales: cemento, hormigón, áridos, arcillas para ladrillos y tejas, piedra ornamental y yeso. Poca atención tradicional a otros materiales que suponen partes importantes de la obra civil y de la edificación. Casi todos los MRI tienen empleo en la construcción Pinturas, vidrios, refractarios, aislantes, aditivos para cementos, esmaltes, materias primas para plásticos, carbonato cálcico para moquetas, cargas inertes, estucos, cenizas volantes, ...

  18. Beverage Consumption Patterns among Norwegian Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paulsen, Mari Mohn; Myhre, Jannicke Borch; Andersen, Lene Frost

    2016-01-01

    Beverages may be important contributors for energy intake and dietary quality. The purpose of the study was to investigate how beverage consumption varies between different meals (breakfast, lunch, dinner, supper/evening meal, snacks) and between weekdays and weekend-days in Norwegian adults. A cross-sectional dietary survey was conducted among Norwegian adults (n = 1787) in 2010–2011. Two telephone-administered 24 h recalls were used for dietary data collection. Breakfast was the most important meal for milk and juice consumption, dinner for sugar-sweetened beverages and wine, and snacks for water, coffee, artificially sweetened beverages, and beer. Consumption of sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened beverages did not differ between weekdays and weekend-days among consumers. The average intake of wine and beer (men only) was higher on weekend-days. Higher age was positively associated with wine consumption and negatively associated with consumption of water, sugar-sweetened, and artificially sweetened beverages. Higher education was associated with consumption of water, beer, and wine, whereas lower education was associated with sugar-sweetened beverage consumption. Beverage consumption patterns among Norwegian adults vary between different meal types and in subgroups of the population. Alcohol consumption was higher on weekend-days. Knowledge regarding beverage consumption patterns in the population should be considered when revising dietary guidelines in the future. PMID:27649236

  19. Beverage Consumption Patterns among Norwegian Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paulsen, Mari Mohn; Myhre, Jannicke Borch; Andersen, Lene Frost

    2016-09-13

    Beverages may be important contributors for energy intake and dietary quality. The purpose of the study was to investigate how beverage consumption varies between different meals (breakfast, lunch, dinner, supper/evening meal, snacks) and between weekdays and weekend-days in Norwegian adults. A cross-sectional dietary survey was conducted among Norwegian adults (n = 1787) in 2010-2011. Two telephone-administered 24 h recalls were used for dietary data collection. Breakfast was the most important meal for milk and juice consumption, dinner for sugar-sweetened beverages and wine, and snacks for water, coffee, artificially sweetened beverages, and beer. Consumption of sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened beverages did not differ between weekdays and weekend-days among consumers. The average intake of wine and beer (men only) was higher on weekend-days. Higher age was positively associated with wine consumption and negatively associated with consumption of water, sugar-sweetened, and artificially sweetened beverages. Higher education was associated with consumption of water, beer, and wine, whereas lower education was associated with sugar-sweetened beverage consumption. Beverage consumption patterns among Norwegian adults vary between different meal types and in subgroups of the population. Alcohol consumption was higher on weekend-days. Knowledge regarding beverage consumption patterns in the population should be considered when revising dietary guidelines in the future.

  20. Does trade liberalization effect energy consumption?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ghani, Gairuzazmi M.

    2012-01-01

    The effect of trade liberalization on the environment can be directly linked to energy consumption, because energy consumption and production are the underlying cause of most pollutants that harm the environment. The descriptive statistics show that average annual growth of energy consumption per capita after trade liberalization varies among countries; hence it is a possibility that the effect of trade liberalization is conditional on factors other than liberalization per se. The regression results show that trade liberalization per se does not affect the growth of energy consumption of the developing countries analyzed, but its interaction with capital per labor reduces the growth of energy consumption as capital per labor increases. However, the effect is only significant after a certain minimum threshold level capital per labor is reached. On the other hand, economic growth increases energy consumption and its effect is not conditioned on trade liberalization. These two different effects mean that, with regards to energy consumption, countries at a higher level of economic development are more likely to reap the benefit of liberalization relative to less developed countries. - Research highlights: ► This paper examines the effect of trade liberalization on energy consumption. ► Developed countries are more likely to reap the benefit of trade liberalization. ► Growth of energy consumption after trade liberalization varies among countries. ► Interaction of capital per labor with liberalization reduces energy consumption.

  1. Consumption of food in EC countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ven-Breken, T.J. van de; Brenot, J.; Bonnefous, S.; Noordijk, H.; Leenhouts, H.P.

    1990-08-01

    Annual consumption of 10 classes of food and drink is reported for the total population of each EC-country. National food consumption data are generalized by distinguishing groups of countries with similar diet. Group 1: UK and Ireland (low consumption of fruit, high consumption of potatoes and fresh dairy products). Group 2: Italy and Greece (high consumption of cereals, vegetables and fruit, low consumption of fresh dairy products). Group 3: France, Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands, FRG and Spain (intermediate consumption of most foodstuffs). Portugal and Denmark could not be classified in any group. Changes in food consumption related to differences in age, sex, social class, regional habits and level of urbanisation are reported.In some cases, variation of annual food consumption over the different seasons on the relative contribution of food from local origin to the total diet, could be estimated. Differences of region, age and level of urbanisation appear to have the largest influence on consumed amounts. As for age, the values for the different age-groups range from 50 to 80 percent of the adult diet. Regional consumption may diverge from 70-130 percent of the average national consumption, with values of 200 percent for potatoes and fruit. Consumption in urban areas compared with the entire country diverges from 70-100 percent. In rural areas the values diverge from 100-140 percent. Self-support of vegetables and milk seems to be important for most countries. Of the other products, self-support of wheat and cheese is only of importance in the south of the EC. When combining the effects of the different factors, a range of consumed amounts for specific population groups of 50 to 200 percent of the average national consumption was determined. (author). 38 refs.; 13 figs.; 75 tabs

  2. Violencia cometida por los adolescentes en la familia o cuando son los hijos los que maltratan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helena Morales Ortega

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio de tipo cualitativo, de corte deductivo, se propuso realizar un acercamiento al fenómeno de la violencia ejercida por los jóvenes menores de 18 años en el ámbito familiar, para establecer su ocurrencia en la ciudad de Barranquilla, Colombia, describir las características de los jóvenes implicados, la dinámica familiar y algunos aspectos del entorno social que podrían estar facilitando la ocurrencia de la misma. El estudio fue realizado en el Centro de Reeducación del Adolescente Infractor "Oasis", de esta ciudad; se examinaron expedientes de jóvenes judicializados por los delitos de violencia intrafamiliar, hurto, lesiones personales y daño en bien ajeno, donde la víctima había sido un familiar; igualmente, se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas con profundidad a madres de jóvenes que al momento de la investigación se hallaban internos en el centro por violencia en la familia. Los resultados indican que son pocos los estudios criminológicos realizados sobre el tema; se trata de jóvenes con edades promedio de 14 a 17 años, provenientes de familias desintegradas, con carencias tanto materiales como afectivas, con dinámicas y estilos de crianza inadecuados; es frecuente en estos jóvenes el consumo de sustancias alucinógenas o alcohol.

  3. Los cambios de temperatura en los revestimientos epoxi II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernández Cánovas, M.

    1970-04-01

    Full Text Available This article is the second part of a previous paper published by the author in no. 189 of this magazine. It describes the tests carried out to check the theoretical results published in the earlier article. The tests have consisted in submitting concrete slabs covered with a layer of epoxi mortar to certain thermal conditions, to check the behaviour of the covering in the face of thermal changes. In all the tests, described in detail in the article, the epoxi layer has behaved extremely well, and no bonding failure has been observed, nor failures in the concrete base or in the epoxi layer.Este artículo es la segunda parte de un trabajo publicado por el autor en el número 189 de esta revista, y en él se realiza una descripción de los ensayos prácticos llevados a cabo para complementar el estudio teórico publicado en aquella primera parte. Los ensayos han consistido en someter a placas de hormigón revestidas de una Kipa de mor tero epoxi a determinadas condiciones térmicas, con el fin de poder comprobar el comportamiento del revestimiento frente a los cambios de temperatura. En todos los ensayos realizados y que, con detalle, están descritos en este artículo, el comportamiento de los revestimientos de mortero epoxi ha sido excelente, no habiéndose notado ningún fallo de adherencia, ni roturas en la base de hormigón, ni en la capa de mortero epoxi.

  4. Los ecosistemas marinos y costeros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Comité Editorial Gestión y Ambiente

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Apreciado lector. Como lo habíamos anunciado, este número de la Revista Gestión y Ambiente centra su atención en los ecosistemas acuáticos continentales y el último número del año 2008 se referirá a los ecosistemas marinos y costeros. El agua es un recurso esencial para los seres vivos; se compone de hidrógeno y de oxígeno, contiene gases y nutrientes, partículas suspendidas vivas y no vivas, y físicamente, es permeada por la luz y el calor. Sólo una parte pequeña del agua del planeta es dulce. Los ríos, lagos y ciénagas del paisaje terrestre son ecosistemas donde interactúan lo vivo y lo no- vivo; y a través del agua, se mueve la materia y fluye la energía. Lo vivo está influido por el agua, pero, a su vez. el agua también lo esta por lo vivo. El agua dulce está en riesgo por la actividad del hombre quien la requiere, la usa, la contamina y la descontamina. Por ello, el conocimiento de los ambientes acuáticos es fundamental. En esta perspectiva, el agua dulce requiere ser estudiada para su aprovechamiento sostenible. Sin embargo, los niveles actuales de contaminación hacen indispensable no sólo su estudio hidrológico- biológico- ecológico, sino también el análisis de la cantidad de agua, su calidad y los procesos de saneamiento. Es igualmente fundamental la gestión del recurso hídrico, teniendo en cuenta los aspectos humanos, económicos y socio- ambientales. Por lo anterior las ciencias naturales, las ingenierías sanitaria y ambiental, y las ciencias sociales deben unir esfuerzos para estudiar los ecosistemas acuáticos con miras a su sostenibilidad, uso, reuso y protección. Además, como temas complementarios, la Revista entrega artículos que amplían temas tratados en números anteriores: • La contaminación atmosférica, con los resultados de dos investigaciones desarrollados en el Area Metropolitana del Valle de Aburra, y • La problemática de los riesgos con un

  5. Los vidrios de baja emisividad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivares Santiago, Manuel

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available The use of low-emittance coating (low-E glasses in Europe and the United States is not recent (they make use of them long since: 10-15years, nevertheless they are almost unknown in Spain, in all respects, in spite of being commercialized long since by different houses, specialists in these matters. We run into a lack of regulation about the qualities and stipulations these elements must comply with, since the regulations governing the thermal insulation of the buildings (CT-79 refers to the generic and peculiar qualities of the glazed openings, but these regulations do not approach the question of the real behaviour of the glazed openings with low-emittance glasses and other semi-transparent elements. The expenditure of energy and the lighting characteristics of the openings are not yet unforeseen, so far. These properties undergo a variation with regard to the base-glass or the support, due to the low-emittance coating. The article is organized in to three parts. The first part is the analysis of the functional characteristics and the lighting properties of the glasses from a general point of view. The second one explains what low-emittance glasses are, and the way of obtaining them (very briefly; according to the kind of process of obtaining the low-emission coating, the proceedings of low-emission glasses are gradually limited. Finally, the third part deals with the thermic characteristics of whole glazing, and specially with the glazed openings, from the point of view of a functional consistency for both glass and joinery.

    Aunque en Europa y EEUU el uso de los vidrios de baja emisividad no es reciente (se llevan utilizando unos 10-15 años, en España son prácticamente desconocidos desde el punto de vista teórico y práctico, a pesar de estar comercializándose desde hace varios años por las casas especializadas. Nos encontramos con un vacío normativo sobre las condiciones que han de cumplir, ya que la norma de

  6. Analysis of China department water consumption efficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Wei; Wang, Xi-Feng; Liu, Jia-Hong

    2018-03-01

    The water comparable non-competitive input-out model of China in 2002, 2007 and 2012 is established to calculate the department water consumption efficiency. The water direct and complete consumption coefficients of 38 departments are analysed. Agriculture and Electricity and steam supply have the highest water consumption coefficients and utilize water resource mainly by the direct way. Manufacture of food products and tobacco products, Manufacture of textiles, Manufacture of wearing apparel and leather products and Information service activities have high water complete consumption coefficients and affect water consumption mainly by the indirect way. Water complete consumption efficiency measures the efficiency from the view of final product, which reflected the department water use driving force more precisely.

  7. Mathematical models of natural gas consumption

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sabo, Kristian; Scitovski, Rudolf; Vazler, Ivan; Zekic-Susac, Marijana

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we consider the problem of natural gas consumption hourly forecast on the basis of hourly movement of temperature and natural gas consumption in the preceding period. There are various methods and approaches for solving this problem in the literature. Some mathematical models with linear and nonlinear model functions relating to natural gas consumption forecast with the past natural gas consumption data, temperature data and temperature forecast data are mentioned. The methods are tested on concrete examples referring to temperature and natural gas consumption for the area of the city of Osijek (Croatia) from the beginning of the year 2008. The results show that most acceptable forecast is provided by mathematical models in which natural gas consumption and temperature are related explicitly.

  8. The Social Dynamics of Food Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stamer, Naja Buono

    This PhD dissertation offers new empirically grounded insights into the social dynamics surrounding everyday food consumption. The aim is to investigate how three previously identified key elements – values, taste and social class – interact to explain food consumption. Drawing on quantitative data...... with their relationship to consumption, are grounded in structural logics that create differences between social classes. The dissertation thus concludes that to develop nuanced understandings of consumer behaviour we should investigate food consumption as pragmatic, moral practices that are socially and historically...... on Danish households’ actual food purchases, attitudes to food and their socio-economic resources, the analysis show that values and taste are important predictors of a range of everyday food consumption practices. However, values and taste alone cannot predict food consumption as they, together...

  9. Household energy consumption and expenditures 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-10-05

    This presents information about household end-use consumption of energy and expenditures for that energy. These data were collected in the 1993 Residential Energy Consumption Survey; more than 7,000 households were surveyed for information on their housing units, energy consumption and expenditures, stock of energy-consuming appliances, and energy-related behavior. The information represents all households nationwide (97 million). Key findings: National residential energy consumption was 10.0 quadrillion Btu in 1993, a 9% increase over 1990. Weather has a significant effect on energy consumption. Consumption of electricity for appliances is increasing. Houses that use electricity for space heating have lower overall energy expenditures than households that heat with other fuels. RECS collected data for the 4 most populous states: CA, FL, NY, TX.

  10. Alcohol consumption and liver cirrhosis mortality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bentzen, Jan Børsen; Smith, Valdemar

    Since the 1960s wine consumption has decreased dramatically in especially the Southern European countries whereas the countries in the northern parts of Europe have experienced a substitution from beer and spirits toward wines. In this sense there has been a process of convergence taking place...... regarding per capita consumption of wine among the European countries. Also for the total consumption of alcohol, i.e. the per capita consumption of beer, wine and spirits, the hypothesis of convergence seems to hold. In the same time span the number of alcohol related diseases as e.g. liver diseases, have...... changed significantly in the same direction as the developments in alcohol consumption. The changes in the consumption levels of alcohol in general -- and wine in particular -- are influenced by many factors of which health arguments may have played a crucial role. The alcohol policies of the European...

  11. Consumption of benzodiazepines without prescription among first-year nursing students at the University of Guayaquil, school of nursing, Ecuador Consumo de benzodiacepinas sin prescripción médica en los/as estudiantes de primer año de la escuela de enfermería de la Universidad de Guayaquil, Ecuador Consumo de benzodiazepinos sem prescrição médica entre estudantes do primeiro ano da escola de enfermagem da Universidade de Guayaquil, Equador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nivia Pinos Paredes

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to determine the consumption of benzodiazepines without prescription among first-year students from a nursing school of a public University in Ecuador. This is a descriptive, transversal and explanatory study with a quantitative approach. A questionnaire was used for data collection. The population studied was of 181 students. The results showed that 10.5% of the students had consumed benzodiazepine without prescription once in their lives. Of these, 6.1% consumed benzodiazepine in the last year, and 3.9% are currently consuming it. The diazepam was the most consumed BZD without prescription and pharmacies, were the place of higher access. The main reasons for the benzodiazepine consumption were: insomnia, anxiety, stress, depression, family and economical problems. The use of benzodiazepines with non-medicinal purposes is related to problems such as memory loss, retirement syndrome and sedation. When benzodiazepines are consumed jointly with alcohol or other drugs they can lead to coma or death. This study shows the serious consequences benzodiazepines cause when used by nursing students in Ecuador.La finalidad de este estudio fue determinar el consumo de benzodiacepinas sin prescripción en estudiantes del primer año de enfermería de una universidad pública de Ecuador. Se trata de un estudio transversal, descriptivo y exploratorio, con aproximación cuantitativa. Un cuestionario fue usado para la recolecta de los datos. La población estudiada fue compuesta por 181 estudiantes. Los resultados muestran que el 10,5% de los estudiantes consumió benzodiacepinas sin prescripción médica alguna vez en la vida. Del total, el 6,1% consumió en el último año y el 3,9% usan actualmente. El Diazepan fue la BZD más usada sin prescripción médica, siendo la farmacia el local de mayor acceso. Entre los principales motivos para el consumo de benzodiacepinas se encuentran: insomnio, ansiedad, estrés, depresión y problemas

  12. La ciudad y los perros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernando Valencia Goelkel

    1964-06-01

    Full Text Available El autor de "La ciudad y los perros", Mario Vargas Llosa, nació en Arequipa en 1936. La novela obtuvo en 1962 el premio "Biblioteca Breve", otorgado anualmente por la Editorial Seix Barral, de Barcelona. El tema es la vida de un grupo de alumnos de último año en el Colegio Militar Leoncio Prado, de Lima.

  13. Cuidados higienicos en los tropicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Dereverux Price

    1944-02-01

    una imprudencia. La deficiencia del sueño disminuye la resistencia a la enfermedad. Por supuesto, también es perjudicial dormir mucho. Ocho horas de sueño en la noche son suficientes. Es preciso cuidar del reposo, eliminado el ruido y la picadura de los insectos.

  14. Los tejedores de El Tintorero

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Eduardo Colina Salazar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este número aborda la comunicación desde las tres interpretaciones más importantes: la tradicionalista, la militar y mercantilista y el arte popular tan inestable, cuestionado y cambiante. Canclini cuestiona la compartamentalización de cultura: popular y de medios y esboza los problemas que plantea la tradicional miopía de no reconocer la universalización y ubicuidad de la cultura de masas. Se agregan otros temas: ¿Re-intelección de los medios? apuntes sobre un libro de los Mattelart, ¿"Ética" o "Deontología" de la comunicación social?, El lenguaje del vestido y de la fiesta,Talleres de cultura Popular en Santiago de Chile, El dilema del arte popular en Bolivia,¿Sobrevivirán las artesanías aborígenes argentinas?, Los tejedores de El Tintorero, Tecnologías de computación y Tercer Mundo, La cobertura del terremoto en México, La comunicación como quehacer y como problema, la comunicación planificada sirve al desarrollo

  15. RFQ development at Los Alamos

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wangler, T.P.; Crandall, K.R.; Stokes, R.H.

    1982-01-01

    The basic principles of the radio-frequency quadrupole (RFQ) linac are reviewed and a summary of past and present Los Alamos work is presented. Some beam-dynamics effects, important for RFQ design, are discussed. A design example is shown for xenon and a brief discussion of low-frequency RFQ structures is given

  16. Hangar con alas, Los Angeles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial, Equipo

    1961-04-01

    Full Text Available Formando parte de su programa, la TWA ha construido recientemente un hangar para servicio y reparaciones de su flota aérea de naves ordinarias y de aviones de reacción en el aeropuerto internacional de Los Angeles (Estados Unidos. El proyecto de esta obra se encargó a la empresa constructora Holmes & Narver, Inc.

  17. Los mutantes de la escuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Armando Jaramillo-Ocampo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo muestra los resultados parciales del estudio “Juegos en el recreo escolar: un escenario para la formación ciudadana”, cuya pretensión fue comprender los imaginarios sociales de juego en el recreo escolar y su relación con la convivencia social desde la proximidad del enfoque de complementariedad y el diseño de investigación emergente, planteado por Murcia y Jaramillo (2008. Se presentan los desarrollos logrados en dos categorías centrales del estudio: el patio y el cuerpo; dos categorías que mutan constantemente como entidades vivas en la escuela, hacia la configuración de sujetos que reconocen en el otro y lo otro su posibilidad. La escuela viva, donde es posible “ser en relación con”… se reduce a un espacio temporal y físico, limitado por la campana, “el recreo”. El texto muestra, desde la voz de los actores, esa vida que se da y se quita en la escuela y que se posiciona como una más de las imposiciones normalizadas para controlar. Reconoce, finalmente, una propuesta desde la posibilidad que estos dos mutantes propician para una escuela libre y dinámica.

  18. Los cuerpos de la violencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gisela Daza

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available La trayectoria de las líneas enunciativas que atraviesan el segmento familiar, muestra la huella de la violencia en lo que nos es propio, al dar forma a los cuerpos biopolítico, impotente, vulnerable y consumo. Pero también muestra el espacio de la no violencia al hacer emerger lo joven como devenir intenso.

  19. Los incendios y su salud

    Science.gov (United States)

    El humo de los incendios puede tener un efecto adverso en la salud de las personas, especialmente en aquellas que padecen de enfermedades cardíacas y pulmonares. Vea cómo minimizar su exposición al humo.

  20. Sustainable food consumption in China and India

    OpenAIRE

    von Meyer-Höfer, Marie; Juarez Tijerino, Andrea Maria; Spiller, Achim

    2015-01-01

    This study examines sustainable food consumption in China and India, based on online consumer survey data. It explores which factors influence sustainable food consumption in these countries, based upon a model related to the Theory of Planned Behaviour. Structural equation modelling is used for the analysis and comparison of both countries. Among the similarities found are the significant influence of subjective norms on intention towards sustainable food consumption and the influence of per...

  1. Power Consumption Based Android Malware Detection

    OpenAIRE

    Hongyu Yang; Ruiwen Tang

    2016-01-01

    In order to solve the problem that Android platform’s sand-box mechanism prevents security protection software from accessing effective information to detect malware, this paper proposes a malicious software detection method based on power consumption. Firstly, the mobile battery consumption status information was obtained, and the Gaussian mixture model (GMM) was built by using Mel frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCC). Then, the GMM was used to analyze power consumption; malicious software...

  2. Self-consumption in Germany. Experience feedback

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Roesner, Sven

    2014-01-01

    This document presents some key information and figures about self-consumption from photovoltaic power plants and cogeneration plants in Germany: share of self-consumption in the overall electricity consumption, definition and economic models, legal aspects and feed-in tariffs, financial incentives for households, tertiary sector and industry, impact on grid dimensioning, challenge of storage on electric system optimisation, economic impact and 'lack of solidarity', possible future legal evolutions

  3. Changes in the food and beverage consumption pattern in Argentina, 1996-2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Elisa Zapata

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The dietary pattern of the population has shifted in recent years as a result of cultural changes and modifications in food accessibility. In order to describe the changes in food and beverage consumption patterns in the last two decades in Argentina, the National Survey of Household Expenditure [Encuesta Nacional de Gastos de los Hogares] was analyzed for the periods 1996-1997, 2004-2005 and 2012-2013. The average apparent consumption of food and beverages in grams or milliliters of net weight per adult equivalent was estimated for each period. The variation in the amount of food and beverages available for consumption between 1996 and 2013 shows that the structure of the dietary pattern has changed, appearing to indicate shifts in the ways of buying, preparing and consuming foods related to greater convenience and accessibility and less time spent on food preparation.

  4. [Changes in the food and beverage consumption pattern in Argentina, 1996-2013].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zapata, María Elisa; Rovirosa, Alicia; Carmuega, Esteban

    2016-01-01

    The dietary pattern of the population has shifted in recent years as a result of cultural changes and modifications in food accessibility. In order to describe the changes in food and beverage consumption patterns in the last two decades in Argentina, the National Survey of Household Expenditure [Encuesta Nacional de Gastos de los Hogares] was analyzed for the periods 1996-1997, 2004-2005 and 2012-2013. The average apparent consumption of food and beverages in grams or milliliters of net weight per adult equivalent was estimated for each period. The variation in the amount of food and beverages available for consumption between 1996 and 2013 shows that the structure of the dietary pattern has changed, appearing to indicate shifts in the ways of buying, preparing and consuming foods related to greater convenience and accessibility and less time spent on food preparation.

  5. Shifting the balance: equity and sustainable consumption

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vermeulen, Sonja; Garside, Ben; De Morais, Gabriela Weber

    2009-01-15

    On our finite planet, the dictates of ecology and technology limit growth. Yet a key element of this issue – consumption – has until recently hardly figured on policy agendas. Now there is growing recognition that transformation towards a low-carbon, resource-efficient economy means tackling consumption as well as production. Governments and businesses are beginning to make concerted, if uncoordinated, efforts to reduce energy and resource use. Rethinking consumption could, however, drive an even bigger wedge between rich and poor. Any new agenda for consumption needs to factor in equity as well as environmental benefit.

  6. Factors associated with protein consumption in elderly

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natália GASPARETO

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objective We evaluated factors associated with protein consumption by the elderly. Methods We performed a cross-sectional study in a sample of 295 elderly consumers of health facilities in São Caetano do Sul, São Paulo, Brazil. Protein consumption data (g and g/kg were obtained through 24-hour dietary recalls, which was reapplied in a 30% sub-sample to estimate habitual consumption, with an interval of two weeks. The association between protein consumption and sociodemographic, economic, health, and dietary variables was tested using multiple linear regression. Results There was a positive association between protein consumption (g and g/kg and better Brazilian Healthy Eating Index-Revised, between protein consumption (g and male sex, and a negative association between protein consumption (g/kg and greater calf circumference. Higher average protein consumption (g or g/kg was observed among married elderly, individuals with higher income and schooling, who were economically active, eutrophic, without dyslipidemia and symptoms of dysphagia, who consumed three main meals and an intermediate snack. Conclusion The results showed that protein consumption was associated with diet quality, sex, and calf circumference. The identification of elderly groups prone to protein inadequacy may direct individual and collective interventions to prevent muscle mass reduction and its implications, such as sarcopenia and other adverse outcomes.

  7. Energy consumption in France's industry. Conjuncture note

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2015-04-01

    Energy consumption in the industry represents today 1/5 of France's end-use energy consumption. Gas and electricity are the most consumed and represent 2/3 of the overall. The 5 most energy consuming industries are the following: paper and cardboard industry, food industry, rubber, plastic and other non-metallic mineral products industry, metallurgy and chemical industry. The reduction of the industry's energy consumption is explained by the decline of production, but above all by the energy efficiency improvement of the sector. Technological innovations in production means have indeed led to reduce energy consumption

  8. Power Consumption Based Android Malware Detection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongyu Yang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to solve the problem that Android platform’s sand-box mechanism prevents security protection software from accessing effective information to detect malware, this paper proposes a malicious software detection method based on power consumption. Firstly, the mobile battery consumption status information was obtained, and the Gaussian mixture model (GMM was built by using Mel frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCC. Then, the GMM was used to analyze power consumption; malicious software can be classified and detected through classification processing. Experiment results demonstrate that the function of an application and its power consumption have a close relationship, and our method can detect some typical malicious application software accurately.

  9. Los premios de la Academia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cesar Augusto Pantoja

    1990-12-01

    Full Text Available

    El profesor Mario Camacho Pinto, Coordinador de la Comisión de Biblioteca y Publicaciones, en grado óptimo, pionero de la Neurocirugía docente en la Universidad, nos invita a ocupar el editorial para dar aviso sobre los concursos, directa o indirectamente encomendados a la Corporación.

    De igual manera, son notorias las solicitudes de numerosos médicos de Bogotá y de fuera de la capital. Atentos a conocer las opciones ofrecidas por Concursos y Premios con sus dotaciones y valías, dignas del alto honor que representan las contribuciones de significación que se hacen a la medicina nacional.

    La presencia de la institución en los eventos de esta clase, tiene como principal objeto la elevación del trabajo médico-científico, eso es lo que los premios persiguen y los jurados imponen en los veredictos.

    La elevación constante del libro médico y del artículo científico que se promueve con agilidad por las publicaciones de las revistas y en su eminente posición el libro médico es, de igual modo, postura institucional impuesta por la ley, que encomienda la docencia médica y la encamina al servicio de la población de nuestra patria.

    El deber tiene que ser compartido por todo el cuerpo médico que rodea a la Academia y la tiene como su vocero.

    Las insignias de la buena medicina que prospera entre nosotros, -justo es reconocerlo–, se encuentran en las buenas cualidades que podamos demostrar en el libro médico y en los artículos de las revistas. Para el público lector no existe otro empeño de muestra y forma. Es la razón por la cual la Comisión de Biblioteca y Publicaciones de la Academia Nacional de Medicina, que coordina Camacho Pinto con denodado esfuerzo, nos ha indicado la campaña para hacer mención de los premios como a continuación se presentan.

    Así aparecen: el Concurso Nacional de Obras Médicas Academia Nacional de Medicina-Salvat Editores Colombiana, que cumple ya 12 años de

  10. La estructura conceptual de los miedos urbanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Páramo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo indaga por los temores que experimentan los habitantes de las ciudades y por la estructura conceptual que comparten sobre las situaciones temidas actualmente. Se analizan los resultados de 130 entrevistas semiestructuradas, orientadas a identificar los temores más comunes de hombres y mujeres asociados a la ciudad y la estructura conceptual que subyace a estos temores. Los resultados obtenidos se analizaron con un Escalamiento Multidimensional, que permitió identificar la estructura del miedo que muestran los participantes a distintas situaciones. Se proponen acciones en procura de la reducción de la percepción de inseguridad en la ciudad.

  11. Transculturalidad en los cuidados de salud mental

    OpenAIRE

    Cañada Sánchez, Mario

    2016-01-01

    La Enfermería Transcultural es el área de estudio de la enfermería que combina sus propios saberes con los de la antropología, introduciendo los valores, creencias y modos de vida de los pacientes en la práctica del profesional de enfermería, para así brindar unos cuidados culturalmente competentes. M. Leininger, Larry D. Purnell, y otros autores, han creado distintas teorías y modelos mediante los cuales incorporar los cuidados culturales a nuestra práctica diaria y así cuidar de los pacient...

  12. Pediatric Age Palm Oil Consumption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Genova, Lorenza; Cerquiglini, Laura; Penta, Laura; Biscarini, Anna; Esposito, Susanna

    2018-04-01

    Palm oil is widely used in the food industry for its chemical/physical properties, low cost and wide availability. Its widespread use has provoked an intense debate about whether it is a potential danger to human health. In a careful review of the scientific literature, we focused on nutritional characteristics and health effects of the use of palm oil with regards to children, seeking to determine whether there is evidence that justifies fears about the health effects of palm oil. Our review showed that palm oil represents a significant source of saturated fatty acids, to which scientific evidence attributes negative health effects when used in excess, especially with regards to cardiovascular diseases. However, to date, there is no evidence about the harmful effects of palm oil on the health of children. Nevertheless, palm oil has possible ill health effects linked to its composition of fatty acids: its consumption is not correlated to risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in young people with a normal weight and cholesterol level; the elderly and patients with dyslipidaemia or previous cardiovascular events or hypertension are at a greater risk. Therefore, the matter is not palm oil itself but the fatty-acid-rich food group to which it belongs. The most important thing is to consume no more than 10% of saturated fatty acids, regardless of their origin and regardless of one's age. Correct information based on a careful analysis of the scientific evidence, rather than a focus on a singular presumed culprit substance, should encourage better lifestyles.

  13. Residential Electricity Consumption in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edyta Ropuszyńska-Surma

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Key factors influencing electricity consumption in the residential sector in Poland have been identified. A fixed-effects model was used, which includes time effects, and a set of covariates, based on the model developed by Houthakker et al. This model estimates electricity demand by using lagged values of the dependent variable along with current and lagged values of electricity prices, and other variables that affect electricity demand such as: population, economic growth, income per capita, price of related goods, etc. The model has been identified according to the research results of the authors and those obtained by Bentzen and Engsted. The set of covariates was extended to the lagged electricity price given by a tariff (taken from two years previous to the time of interest and heating degree days index, a very important factor in European Union countries, where the climate is temperate. The authors propose four models of residential electricity demand, for which a confidence interval of 95% has been assumed. Estimation was based on Polish quarterly data for the years 2003-2013. (original abstract

  14. Simulation models for household consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Costanzo, Giuseppe Tommaso

    2011-01-01

    In many countries in the EU and in the United States, coil and nuclear plants provide the majority of energy production [2, 3], while peak absorption is matched by regulation plants and power exchange between grids. Throughout the last two decades, factors, such as increased global energy demand,...... are thermal and electrical storages, whose internal temperature or state of charge (SOC) is to be kept within specific comfort bounds. Alternatively, also PV plants can offer flexibility as soon as the controlling inverters are capable of controlling the power output......., speculation of fossil fuels, and global warming have generated a high interest in renewable energy sources. Nevertheless, energy sources, such as wind and solar power, have an intrinsic variability that can seriously affect the power grid stability if they account for a high percentage of the total generation...... as the capability of a device or cluster of devices to change the power consumption or production in time and magnitude. This behavior can be granted by local controllers or supervisory controllers who are able to operate under the direct or indirect control paradigm [5]. Typical devices that offer flexibility...

  15. [Consumption of cannabis in adolescents].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phan, O; Obradovic, I; Har, A

    2017-01-01

    Over the past 10 years, the consumption of cannabis among adolescents has dramatically increased. Today, adolescent cannabis use is a major public health problem. Two forms of cannabis are commonly smoked: herb (marijuana) and resin. These forms have a high concentration of tetrahydrocannabinol, the active molecule of cannabis. Recent research has helped understand how the cannabinoid system works. This system combines specific receptors and specific molecules: the endocannabinoids. The effects of cannabis use are now well documented. Some adolescents report subjective positive effects. They use it not only on a recreational basis, but also to deal with their emotions. Over the long term, cannabis increases the risk of depression and schizophrenia for those adolescents who are at risk. Use, misuse, and dependence are frequently associated with heavy psychopathologic problems such as vulnerability and depression. Many cannabis dependence psychotherapies have shown their efficacy and efficiency. Motivational interviews, cognitive behavioral therapy, multidimensional family therapy (MDFT), and residential treatment have proved highly effective. MDFT seems very effective, especially in cases of heavy use. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  16. Neurobehavioral effects of aspartame consumption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindseth, Glenda N; Coolahan, Sonya E; Petros, Thomas V; Lindseth, Paul D

    2014-06-01

    Despite its widespread use, the artificial sweetener aspartame remains one of the most controversial food additives, due to mixed evidence on its neurobehavioral effects. Healthy adults who consumed a study-prepared high-aspartame diet (25 mg/kg body weight/day) for 8 days and a low-aspartame diet (10 mg/kg body weight/day) for 8 days, with a 2-week washout between the diets, were examined for within-subject differences in cognition, depression, mood, and headache. Measures included weight of foods consumed containing aspartame, mood and depression scales, and cognitive tests for working memory and spatial orientation. When consuming high-aspartame diets, participants had more irritable mood, exhibited more depression, and performed worse on spatial orientation tests. Aspartame consumption did not influence working memory. Given that the higher intake level tested here was well below the maximum acceptable daily intake level of 40-50 mg/kg body weight/day, careful consideration is warranted when consuming food products that may affect neurobehavioral health. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  17. Coking coal consumption of POSCO

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yoo, B.C.

    1991-01-01

    Pohang Iron and Steel Company Limited (POSCO) was established in 1968. Molten iron was first produced in July 1973 after a 3 year construction period. The long awaited start up of Korea's first integrated steel works provided the momentum for the fast growth of our steel industry. In 1973, the first year of operation, POSCO purchased 770,000 tons of coal from the United States and Australia. The import tonnage was more than doubled in 1976 when we completed the second stage of Pohang Works and has continued to increase reaching 13.1 million tons last year. POSCO's coal consumption will increase one more time next year as the fourth stage of Kwangyang works starts to operate a new blast furnace with an annual molten iron production capacity of 2.8 million tons. Even though the new blast furnace will have the same capacity as the other 3 in Kwangyang, the additional coking coal requirement will be much smaller than the tonnages we needed for the other stages of the works. This paper reports that this is due to the increased use of pulverized coal

  18. [es] Los fundamentos normativos de las profesiones y los deberes de los trabajadores sociales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damián Salcedo Megales

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo presento un esbozo de estructura de los valores del trabajo social que hagan posible una justificación racional de sus deberes y responsabilidades. Dicha estructura nos permite elaborar una concepción de la ética profesional que pone de relieve las facetas institucionales de los fundamentos de la práctica profesional. En ella, encuentran su lugar principios, reglas, normas, etc. y así surge una visión general de sus exigencias y relaciones. Por último, se realizan algunas reflexiones sobre la identidad profesional y los compromisos básicos con el cambio social que se deducen de la teoría sobre los fundamentos normativos del trabajo social que he ofrecido. I sketch a theoretical framework for social work values that make possible a rational justification for duties and responsibilities. It enables us to develop an approach to professional ethics stressing the institutional aspects of the ground for professional practice. Principles, rules, norms, etc. find their place in such framework and so a comprehensive understanding of its requirements and relations emerge. Some remarks, finally, on professional identity and basic commitments to social reform are deduced from the basic account of the normative foundations for social work I offer.

  19. Rice Consumption in the United States: New Evidence from Food Consumption Surveys

    OpenAIRE

    S. Patricia Batres-Marquez; Helen H. Jensen

    2005-01-01

    Evidence from recent U.S. food consumption surveys provides new information on the distribution of rice consumption, the characteristics of rice consumers, and the diets of people who consume rice. Recently available data from nationally representative surveys of food consumed by individuals in the United States allowed comparison of consumption today (2001-02) with consumption in the mid-1990s. Data come from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (1994-96) and the National Hea...

  20. Reconciling consumption inequality with income inequality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lepetyuk, V.; Stoltenberg, C.A.

    2012-01-01

    The rise in consumption inequality in response to the increase in income inequality over the last three decades in the U.S. is puzzling to expected-utility-based incomplete market models. The two-sided lack of commitment models exhibit too little consumption inequality while the standard incomplete

  1. Reconciling consumption inequality with income inequality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lepetyuk, V.; Stoltenberg, C.A.

    2013-01-01

    The rise in within-group consumption inequality in response to the increase in within-group income inequality over the last three decades in the U.S. is puzzling to expected-utility-based incomplete market models. The two-sided lack of commitment models exhibit too little consumption inequality

  2. Impact of Psychological Needs on Luxury Consumption

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    N. Mao (Ning); M.J. McAleer (Michael); S. Bai (Shuyu)

    2017-01-01

    markdownabstractThis paper examines the impact of psychological needs on luxury consumption. Veblen’s Theory of the Leisure Class (1899) invented the term “conspicuous consumption” to describe luxury goods and services, in which Veblen indicated the purpose of luxury consumption was to display

  3. Effect of energy taxes on energy consumption

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Johnsen, T.A.

    1991-01-01

    The energy consumption and taxation in Norway is described in addition to some of the consequences of this taxation on the energy market. Modelling of energy demand is dealt with. It is concluded that the influence of energy taxation on energy consumption is dependent on market conditions for individual energy products. This thesis is elaborated. (AB)

  4. Monitoring fuel consumption for reciprocating engines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zebelean, D.C.

    1991-01-01

    This paper reports that Northwest Pipeline Corp. has experienced substantial fuel cost savings through a program that provides continuous monitoring of predicted consumption against actual usage for reciprocating engines. With the continuous monitoring program, the company can gauge specific fuel consumption, flag inefficient engines and determine possible problems with computer software or hardware used to measure engine operations. The plan was initiated as part of an overall effort to reduce pipe line operating cost to remain market competitive by reducing cost of services to the customer. One of the factors in determining Northwest Pipeline's cost of service is the cost of fueling engines to transport natural gas. In 1990, Northwest consumed approximately 9,600,000 MMBtu in engine fuel. Fuel gas always has been accounted for and measured. However, the thermal efficiency of the fuel gas consumed was never quantified. Engineering management set a goal in 1989 to audit fuel consumption monthly on the basis of actual fuel consumed compared to the manufacturer's predicted consumption curves. The fuel consumption comparison between actual consumption with manufacturer's predicted consumption decreased 4% in six months after the first report was published. Unbalanced engines, faulty spark plugs, fuel valves, engines requiring overhauls, and even computer software and hardware problems were found, based on this report. Total decrease in the comparison of 4% was not all realized. Approximately 1.5% of the decrease was due to revising the manufacturer's fuel consumption curves to correctly predict Northwest's vintage of engine

  5. Vegetable Consumption patterns in Yaounde, Cameroon | Kamga ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A survey was conducted in August and September 2008 in Yaoundé, Cameroon to assess vegetable consumption attitudes, constraints and factors that stimulate households' consumption. Stratified sample based on district size, socioeconomic status and ethnics groups were used. Three hundred households were ...

  6. Essays on intertemporal consumption and portfolio choice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Bilsen, Servaas

    2015-01-01

    This dissertation consists of two parts, preceded by an introductory chapter. Part I (Chapters 2, 3 and 4) considers optimal consumption and portfolio choice using preference models. Chapter 2 analyzes optimal consumption and portfolio choice under loss aversion and endogenous updating of the

  7. The Relationship Between Energy Consumption and Economic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    As evidenced from the study, causality runs from energy consumption to economic growth. Energy consumption in Nigeria is mainly based on the use of fossil fuels which is non-renewable. Therefore, in order to actualize its vision of becoming one of the 20th largest economies in the World by the year 2020, government ...

  8. TARIFFS AND REGIMES OF POWER CONSUMPTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. V. Batsova

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Analysis of regimes of electro-consumption at RUP «BMZ» is carried out. It is shown that in conditions of rapid growth of prices for electric power one of the conditions of reduction of production expenses is to be the increase of efficiency of the electro-consumption regimes control.

  9. The consumption values' influence on smartphone's ownership

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petrovcikova, Katarina; Sudzina, Frantisek

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the paper was to analyze impact of factors on adoption of smartphones using the Theory of Consumption Values framework. The Theory of Consumption Values provides a framework to categorize customer's motives for buying; it divides them into five groups: functional values, social values,...

  10. Cryptorchidism and maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgaard, Ida N; Jensen, Tina Kold; Petersen, Jørgen H

    2007-01-01

    Prenatal exposure to alcohol can adversely affect the fetus. We investigated the association between maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy and cryptorchidism (undescended testis) among newborn boys.......Prenatal exposure to alcohol can adversely affect the fetus. We investigated the association between maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy and cryptorchidism (undescended testis) among newborn boys....

  11. Modelling Forest Water Consumption in The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dolman, A.J.; Nonhebel, S.

    1988-01-01

    The water consumption of oak, beech, spruce and pine forest is predicted from routinely measured meteorological data for five locations in the Netherlands. Differences in water consumption are found to be primarily a result of differences in interception loss. Predicted interception loss was found

  12. Power Play: Calculating Home Electricity Consumption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roman, Harry T.

    2007-01-01

    With both energy usage and energy costs rising rapidly, people can benefit from paying closer attention to their consumption of energy. Students can gain greater awareness of their personal use of electricity and get some excellent experience with the practical application of mathematics by studying their families' consumption of electricity. A…

  13. Consumption Response to Diaspora Remittances in Zimbabwe ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper explores the impact of remittances on private consumption in Zimbabwe for the period 1980 to 2007. An augmented Keynesian consumption function which incorporates income, remittances, exchange rate, taxation, inflation and an economic and political instability dummy variable is postulated for this purpose.

  14. Environmental degradation, energy consumption, population growth ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Based on the result, there is no evidence of unidirectional causality running from CO2 emissions and energy consumption to economic growth and strong unidirectional causality running from CO2 emissions, energy consumption and economic growth to population growth was found. The long run and short run estimates ...

  15. Seasonal variation of heat consumption in greenhouses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, O.F.; Amsen, M.G.; Strøm, J.S.

    The concept of dynamic variation is introduced as a method to visualize the dynamic fluctuations of heat consumption and thermal climate in greenhouses. The feasibility of the concept is illustrated by describing effects of different greenhouse designs. Engineering data on design heat consumption...

  16. Sustainable consumption : the role of food retail

    OpenAIRE

    Sustainable Consumption Roundtable (Great Britain)

    2005-01-01

    This submission is informed by discussion at a seminar held by the Sustainable Consumption Roundtable on 28 June on the subject of Sustainable Consumption in the 'Food industry sustainability strategy'. The Strategy sets out to apply sustainable development thinking to the entire food supply chain. Publisher PDF

  17. Customer Satisfaction and the Consumption Function

    OpenAIRE

    Bala Ramasamy; Matthew Yeung

    2010-01-01

    This paper evaluates the extent to which the American Customer Satisfaction Index (ACSI) acts as a determining variable of the US consumption function. Results show that the ACSI is a significant self-predictor of personal consumption expenditure, as well as a potent policy variable even when income and wealth are controlled for.

  18. Participatory decision-making for sustainable consumption

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coenen, Frans; Huitema, Dave; Woltjer, Johan

    2009-01-01

    This chapter concerns the impact of public involvement in public decision-making processes as related to household consumption patterns, and the impact on consumer behaviour of active participation.1 The call for participatory decision-making is common in the field of sustainable consumption (Murphy

  19. Consumption Response to Diaspora Remittances in Zimbabwe ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    equation with consumption, income, financial deepening, inflation, trade openness and an economic and ... The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) reported that in 2006 ... Their life-cycle theory assumes that individuals allocate ..... as consumption creates investment demand through its multiplier effect.

  20. The water footprint of cotton consumption

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chapagain, Ashok; Hoekstra, Arjen Ysbert; Savenije, H.H.G.; Gautam, R.

    2005-01-01

    The consumption of a cotton product is connected to a chain of impacts on the water resources in the countries where cotton is grown and processed. The aim of this report is to assess the ‘water footprint’ of worldwide cotton consumption, identifying both the location and the character of the

  1. Socioeconomic and Cultural Patterns in Heat Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reiter, Ida Maria

    % decrease in the Copenhagen heat consumption in 2025 compared to 2010. Using a combination of choropleth maps, Pearson’s R, and regression analyses, the total effects as well as direct effects of socioeconomic and cultural variables on heat consumption per capita are analysed using aggregated and averaged...

  2. Alcohol consumption and liver cirrhosis mortality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bentzen, Jan Børsen; Smith, Valdemar

    on the relationship between liver cirrhosis mortality and alcohol consumption is included. The conclusion is that the total level of alcohol consumption as well as the specific beverages - beer, wine and spirits - contributes to liver cirrhosis mortality, but the present study also reveals that directly addressing...

  3. Investigating the effects of consumption-associated cues on disappointment, regret and post-consumption behaviours

    OpenAIRE

    Hossain, Muhammad Ismail

    2017-01-01

    Consumers invariably encounter both positive and negative consumption experiences in their lives. Prior research finds that negative consumption experiences result in particular affective and behavioural reactions. This research focuses on how consumers respond to consumption-associated cues, in particular, causal attributions, expectations, and perceived information search, in terms of feelings of disappointment and regret, and how these emotions subsequently influence consumers’ post consum...

  4. Riemann y los Números Primos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Sánchez Muñoz

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available En el mes de noviembre de 1859, durante la presentación mensual de losinformes de la Academia de Berlín, el alemán Bernhard Riemann presentóun trabajo que cambiaría los designios futuros de la ciencia matemática. El tema central de su informe se centraba en los números primos, presentando el que hoy día, una vez demostrada la Conjetura de Poincaré, puede ser considerado el problema matemático abierto más importante. El presente artículo muestra en su tercera sección una traducción al castellano de dicho trabajo.

  5. Los bosques y la lluvia

    OpenAIRE

    Varela Martínez, Raúl

    2012-01-01

    La lluvia, y en general el clima de una región es un fenómeno meteorológico derivado de la posición geográfica, el relieve y la exposición a los vientos, e independiente del estado que guarde la superficie terrestre. El bosque es un producto natural de la lluvia, en vez de que la lluvia sea originada por los bosques. El bosque y la selva son la vegetación natural de las provincias climatológicas húmedas, que en México, de acuerdo con la clasificación de Thornthwite, corresponden a preci...

  6. Indicadores nutricionales de los establecimientos de salud

    OpenAIRE

    Instituto Nacional de Salud

    2012-01-01

    Presenta datos estadísticos donde los indicadores de salud son: desnutrición, sobrepeso, obesidad, niños menores de tres años que acceden a los establecimientos de salud, sobrepeso en gestantes, anemia.

  7. Los Angeles and Its Mistress Machine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marx, Wesley

    1973-01-01

    Los Angeles city has acute air pollution problems because of lack of an adequate mass transit system and the type of local industries. Air pollution in Los Angeles has affected agricultural production, vegetation, and public health in nearby areas. (PS)

  8. Energy consumption in the Danish fishery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thrane, Mikkel

    2004-01-01

    Previous studies based on life-cycle assessment (LCA) in Denmark and Sweden have shown that the fishery is the environmental "hot spot" in the life cycle of certain fish products. Within the fishery, fuel consumption is one of the most important factors addressed by LCA. The present study reveals...... that there are great differences in fuel consumption between fisheries targeting groundfish or shellfish and those targeting pelagic fish or industrial fish. Here, I show that fuel consumption per kilogram of caught fish varies considerably as a function of fishing gear and vessel size, even considering the same......) in Denmark and Sweden have shown that the fishery is the environmental "hot spot" in the life cycle of certain fish products. Within the fishery, fuel consumption is one of the most important factors addressed by LCA. The present study reveals that there are great differences in fuel consumption between...

  9. Power consumption monitoring using additional monitoring device

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Truşcă, M. R. C., E-mail: radu.trusca@itim-cj.ro; Albert, Ş., E-mail: radu.trusca@itim-cj.ro; Tudoran, C., E-mail: radu.trusca@itim-cj.ro; Soran, M. L., E-mail: radu.trusca@itim-cj.ro; Fărcaş, F., E-mail: radu.trusca@itim-cj.ro [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, 65-103 Donath, 400293 Cluj-Napoca (Romania); Abrudean, M. [Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Cluj-Napoca (Romania)

    2013-11-13

    Today, emphasis is placed on reducing power consumption. Computers are large consumers; therefore it is important to know the total consumption of computing systems. Since their optimal functioning requires quite strict environmental conditions, without much variation in temperature and humidity, reducing energy consumption cannot be made without monitoring environmental parameters. Thus, the present work uses a multifunctional electric meter UPT 210 for power consumption monitoring. Two applications were developed: software which carries meter readings provided by electronic and programming facilitates remote device and a device for temperature monitoring and control. Following temperature variations that occur both in the cooling system, as well as the ambient, can reduce energy consumption. For this purpose, some air conditioning units or some computers are stopped in different time slots. These intervals were set so that the economy is high, but the work's Datacenter is not disturbed.

  10. Household consumption and environment. 2011 edition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2011-01-01

    This report presents and comments numerous data and indicators concerning the constraints and impacts on the environment related to household consumption and behaviour. After a presentation of context indicators (household number and size, household consumption expenses) and of some global indicators (water and carbon footprint of household consumption), several specific aspects are addressed: housing (electric and electronic equipment, water, space and energy consumption, renewable energies, CO 2 emissions), transport (general statistics on travels, CO 2 and pollutant emissions related to motor cars), food (water print and carbon print related to household food, consumption of bio-agriculture products and of conditioned beverages), and wastes (production and composition, electronic and electric equipment wastes, waste treatment)

  11. Towards a Theory of Socially Shared Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kunst, Katrine; Vatrapu, Ravi

    2014-01-01

    Recent years have seen an increased sharing of consumptive practices, experiences and evaluations on social media platforms. Such socially shared consumption can range from electronic word-of-mouth to formal online reviews as well as automated product mentions facilitated by social media...... understanding and analysing the growing phenomenon of consumers’ social sharing of consumption on social media platforms The taxonomy consists of five dimensions of socially shared consumption: Phase, Automation, Formality, Expressiveness, and Sentiment. The primary contributions of this research...... applications Based on a review of extant emerging literature on this topic as well as of literature on relevant topics such as social influence, online reviews, theories of the extended self and conspicuous consumption, this paper proposes a new concept, “socially shared consumption” and a taxonomy for better...

  12. Monitoring of bunker fuel consumption

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Faber, J.; Nelissen, D.; Smit, M.

    2013-03-15

    Monitoring of fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions from international shipping is currently under discussion at the EU level as well as at the IMO (International Maritime Organization). There are several approaches to monitoring, each with different characteristics. Based on a survey of the literature and information from equipment suppliers, this report analyses the four main methods for monitoring emissions: (1) Bunker delivery notes (i.e. a note provided by the bunker fuel supplier specifying, inter alia, the amount of fuel bunkered); (2) Tank sounding (i.e. systems for measuring the amount of fuel in the fuel tanks); (3) Fuel flow meters (i.e. systems for measuring the amount of fuel supplied to the engines, generators or boilers); and (4) Direct emissions monitoring (i.e. measuring the exhaust emissions in the stack). The report finds that bunker delivery notes and tank soundings have the lowest investment cost. However, unless tank sounding is automated, these systems have higher operational costs than fuel flow meters or direct emissions monitoring because manual readings have to be entered in monitoring systems. Fuel flow meters have the highest potential accuracy. Depending on the technology selected, their accuracy can be an order of magnitude better than the other systems, which typically have errors of a few percent. By providing real-time feed-back on fuel use or emissions, fuel flow meters and direct emissions monitoring provide ship operators with the means to train their crew to adopt fuel-efficient sailing methods and to optimise their maintenance and hull cleaning schedules. Except for bunker delivery notes, all systems allow for both time-based and route-based (or otherwise geographically delineated) systems.

  13. El lenguaje de los grafos

    OpenAIRE

    Espinel, María C.

    1994-01-01

    Existen medios de comunicación universales como la música o el arte. La notación de las matemáticas también goza, afortunadamente, de cierta universalidad. Una parte de las matemáticas, la teoría de grafos, se ha mostrado, en los últimos tiempos, como una notación muy útil y unificadora en diversas disciplinas.

  14. El despertar de los demonios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Anzola Gómez

    1969-07-01

    Full Text Available La crítica ha dejado pasar casi inadvertida esta obra. ¿La razón? Dos tomos de 370 páginas caada uno. Un tema en lo general poco accesible y erudito. Estilo castigado y pulcro, no al gusto de los intelectuales de ciclo básico, sin matemática. Además, edición pobre e incómoda para el lector.

  15. Los Alamos Critical Assemblies Facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malenfant, R.E.

    1981-06-01

    The Critical Assemblies Facility of the Los Alamos National Laboratory has been in existence for thirty-five years. In that period, many thousands of measurements have been made on assemblies of 235 U, 233 U, and 239 Pu in various configurations, including the nitrate, sulfate, fluoride, carbide, and oxide chemical compositions and the solid, liquid, and gaseous states. The present complex of eleven operating machines is described, and typical applications are presented

  16. Un tercio de los latinoamericanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Cifuentes

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available Sobre los 150 años de la abolición de la esclavitud en Colombia (1851-2001 Las condiciones de las comunidades negras en América Latina. Comunidades de ancestría africana en Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua, Argentina, Colombia, Ecuador, Perú, Uruguay y Venezuela. Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (Bid / Cowater International Inc., Washington, 1998, 236 págs.

  17. Cygnus experiment at Los Alamos

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dingus, B.L.; Goodman, J.A.; Gupta, S.K.

    1986-01-01

    The Cygnus experiment at Los Alamos National Laboratory has been designed to study, with high angular accuracy, point sources of gamma rays of energy above 10 14 eV. The experimental detector consists of an air shower array to observe gamma-ray showers and a shielded, large-area track detector to study the muon content of the showers. In this paper we present preliminary data from the array and describe its performance. 9 refs., 3 figs

  18. Alcohol consumption and the risk of breast cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gloria D Coronado

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Epidemiologic studies addressing the association of alcohol consumption with breast cancer consistently suggest a modest association and a dose-response relationship. The epidemiologic evidence does not point to a single mechanism to explain the association, and several mechanisms have been proposed. Alcohol consumption is shown to increase levels of endogenous estrogens, known risk factors for breast cancer. This hypothesis is further supported by data showing that the alcohol-breast cancer association is limited to women with estrogen-receptor positive tumors. Products of alcohol metabolism are known to be toxic and are hypothesized to cause DNA modifications that lead to cancer. Recent research has focused on genes that influence the rate of alcohol metabolism, with genes that raise blood concentrations of acetaldehyde hypothesized to heighten breast cancer risk. Mounting evidence suggests that antioxidant intake(e.g.folatemayreducealcohol-associatedbreast cancer risk, because it neutralizes reactive oxygen species, a second-stage product of alcohol metabolism. Diets lacking sufficient antioxidant intake, as a result, may further elevate the risk of breast cancer among alcohol consumers. Given that alcohol consumption is increasing worldwide and especially among women in countries of rapid economic growth, a greater understanding of the mechanisms underlying the known alcohol-breast cancer association is warranted.Avoiding overconsumption of alcohol is recommended, especially for women with known risk factors for breast cancer.Diversos estudios epidemiológicos muestran la asociación del consumo de alcohol con el cáncer de mama de forma consistente, lo que sugiere una modesta asociación, y una relación de dosis-respuesta.La evidencia no apunta a un mecanismo único para explicar la asociación y varios mecanismos han sido propuestos. El consumo de alcohol incrementa los niveles endógenos de estrógeno, un riesgo conocido para cáncer de

  19. Los Problemas de las Gimnasias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviana Bulus Rossini

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se propone sintetizar las principales ideas de las ponencias presentadas en la Mesa de Trabajo "Los problemas de las Gimnasias" que se desarrolló en el marco del 9º Congreso Argentino y 4º Latinoamericano de Educación Física y Ciencias realizado en la Universidad Nacional de La Plata en junio de 2011. Todas ellas coinciden en pensar a la Gimnasia como parte fundamental de una Educación Corporal que se proponga transmitir aquellos saberes corporales culturalmente significativos que sirvan de herramientas para el conocimiento, el cuidado y la autogestión del propio cuerpo. A partir de estos puntos de coincidencia cada ponencia se explaya en su especificidad: ya sea desde la investigación y el análisis de los textos de divulgación y académicos, de los discursos de profesores, alumnos y practicantes; desde el análisis crítico del campo gímnico actual; desde propuestas bien concretas de trabajo de las gimnasias, en este caso la gimnasia aeróbica, la gimnasia funcional, el Método Pilates, o la gimnasia en el Profesorado en Educación Física con proyección en la gimnasia escolar

  20. desde los residuos industriales peligrosos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunia Sidney Rentería Castro

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Las actuales tendencias cambian los riesgos y los factores ambientales deterioran la salud en la frontera México-Estados Unidos. El objetivo es analizar la salud ambiental a partir de 26 factores ambientales, educativos, laborales y de salud, tomando las percepciones de salud y la respuesta social organizada de actores sociales e instancias involucradas. De los resultados se destaca la inefi ciente e inefi caz gestión ambiental de las autoridades respecto al manejo de residuos industriales peligrosos, sitios abandonados y padecimientos relacionados con exposición a tóxicos. Asimismo, se pudo identifi car la inexistencia de programas específi cos de salud pública para atender la problemática y la vulnerabilidad de las mujeres en edad reproductiva y la población infantil, quienes presentan padecimientos relacionados con exposición a residuos peligrosos que actúan de agente sinérgico agravando el estado de salud.

  1. Los nuevos decorados del arte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Fajardo Fajardo

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo pasa revista y analiza algunas de las tesis que Jean François Lyotard, Fredric Jameson y Jean Baudrillard construyeron para dar cuenta de las consecuencias de la llamada crisis de la modernidad y sus repercusiones en el arte. Se presta especial atención a categorías estéticas que surgieron a partir del resquebrajamiento de los pilares del edificio estético de Occidente bajo la globalización y la posmodernidad. De Lyotard se abordan su reflexión sobre la crisis de los grandes relatos y su noción de lo sublime, de Jameson sus apreciaciones sobre el pastiche, la moda retro bajo las lógicas culturales del capitalismo avanzado, y, de Baudrillard, los conceptos de transestética y estetización, y la pérdida de ilusión estética en la sociedad tecno-mediática y de mercados.

  2. Fish consumption preferences and factors influencing it

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Ferit Can

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Fish consumption preferences are affected by individuals’ socioeconomic characteristics. The aims of the present paper were (i to obtain information on fish consumption level and frequency; (ii to investigate the associations between the socioeconomic characteristics of consumers and their preferences; and (iii to examine the influence of determinants on fish consumption. Data were gathered through a questionnaire completed by a total of 127 randomly selected individuals from different socioeconomic backgrounds from the Antakya, Turkey. The average consumption was found to be 2.98 kg/person/year for fish. Anchovies, gilt-head sea bream, and sea bass were reported as the most consumed three species, respectively. Significant differences in fish consumption were found among age groups, gender groups, and education groups, as well as between marital statuses. A majority of the consumers eat fish once a month throughout the year or only during the winter months. Fish consumption level and frequency were significantly positively correlated with education (p<0.01, income (p<0.05 and total meat consumption (p<0.01. The stepwise multiple regression model explained 41.7% (p<0.01 of the total variance for fish consumption. The amount and frequency of the consumption in the region, which is very far below the world and Turkey average especially for lower socioeconomic groups and for less-consumed fish species, can be increased by certain policies, such as training, advertising and different marketing strategies. Moreover, consumption should be distributed equally throughout the year instead of consuming only in certain seasons.

  3. Caffeine Consumption Among Naval Aviation Candidates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sather, Thomas E; Williams, Ronald D; Delorey, Donald R; Woolsey, Conrad L

    2017-04-01

    Education frequently dictates students need to study for prolonged periods of time to adequately prepare for examinations. This is especially true with aviation preflight indoctrination (API) candidates who have to assimilate large volumes of information in a limited amount of time during API training. The purpose of this study was to assess caffeine consumption patterns (frequency, type, and volume) among naval aviation candidates attending API to determine the most frequently consumed caffeinated beverage and to examine if the consumption of a nonenergy drink caffeinated beverage was related to energy drink consumption. Data were collected by means of an anonymous 44-item survey administered and completed by 302 students enrolled in API at Naval Air Station Pensacola, FL. Results indicated the most frequently consumed caffeinated beverage consumed by API students was coffee (86.4%), with daily coffee consumption being approximately 28% and the most frequent pattern of consumption being 2 cups per day (85%). The least frequently consumed caffeinated beverages reported were energy drinks (52%) and energy shots (29.1%). The present study also found that the consumption patterns (weekly and daily) of caffeinated beverages (coffee and cola) were positively correlated to energy drink consumption patterns. Naval aviation candidates' consumption of caffeinated beverages is comparable to other college and high school cohorts. This study found that coffee and colas were the beverages of choice, with energy drinks and energy shots being the least frequently reported caffeinated beverages used. Additionally, a relationship between the consumption of caffeinated beverages and energy drinks was identified.Sather TE, Williams RD, Delorey DR, Woolsey CL. Caffeine consumption among naval aviation candidates. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2017; 88(4):399-405.

  4. Los diarios frente al reto digital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón Salaverría

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Ha llegado la época en que los medios deben percatarse que el monopolio de la información ha llegado a su fin. Hasta ahora todos los diarios han adoptado en Internet políticas erráticas, cuando no declaradamente defensivas. En cuanto a la publicidad se han multiplicado de manera espectacular los ingresos, por este rubro, en los medios digitales siendo halagüeñas las perspectivas para el futuro.

  5. Los centros de gravedad de la Web

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra González-Bailón

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El acceso a información en la Web no es independiente de la estructura de red que forman los enlaces entre páginas y dominios. Los buscadores reconstruyen mapas de esas conexiones para identificar los recursos más centrales y darles prioridad en sus algoritmos. Sin embargo, la estructura de la Web no responde sólo a la calidad de los contenidos.

  6. Los medios en los modelos clásicos de comportamiento electoral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Nicolás Menin

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available [es] El objetivo del presente artículo es la revisión bibliográfica de la noción de medios de comunicación en los modelos clásicos de comportamiento electoral. Según el modelo de Columbia tienen función de activar, reforzar o convertir, teniendo en cuenta las variables, y, los valores del elector en el Índice de Predisposición Política (IPP, que influencia la selectividad de tipos de medios y recepción de información. Según el modelo Michigan son un componente intermediario entre la percepción no-política-externa y la político-personal. Tales evaluaciones se sostienen en una selectividad alta, tanto en el consumo de medios como en su contenido. Por último, el modelo económico propone que los medios son fuentes y flujos gratuitos de información de carácter persuasivo por su “selección de hechos parciales” para favorecer o no a una determinada fuerza política en términos del beneficio real o hipotético que deduce el votante y, por lo tanto, también con capacidad para corromper al Gobierno y a la oposición. [en] The aim of this article is the bibliographical review of the notion of media in the classical models of electoral behavior. According to the Columbia model, they have the function of activating, reinforcing or converting, taking into account the variables, and the values of the elector in the Political Predisposition Index (IPP, which influences the selectivity of media types and information reception. According to the Michigan model, they are an intermediary component between non-political-external and political-personal perception. Such evaluations are held in high selectivity, both in media consumption and in content. Finally, the economic model proposes that the media are sources and free flows of information of a persuasive nature by their ´selection of partial facts´ to favor or not to a certain political force in terms of the real or hypothetical benefit that the voter deduces and, therefore, also

  7. Los comuneros del Socorro : II parte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Cárdenas García

    1979-02-01

    Full Text Available Como se dijo anteriormente, el 11 de mayo de 1781 los jefes comuneros ordenaron a los vencedores de Puente Real marchar sobre Tunja para que las autoridades y gentes de aquella jurisdicción se prepararan a emprender el camino hacia Santa Fe, última meta de los insurrectos.

  8. Higiene de los alimentos (Keeping Food Safe)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2009-05-27

    Este podcast de Kidtastics de los CDC habla de lo que pueden hacer los niños y sus padres para conservar los alimentos en buen estado y evitar enfermedades.  Created: 5/27/2009 by National Center for Zoonotic, Vector-Borne, and Enteric Diseases (NCZVED).   Date Released: 5/27/2009.

  9. El acortamiento de los isquiosurales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Vidal Barbier

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available El acortamiento de los isquiosurales, según varios autores (Bado, 1977; Jordà, 1971; Lambrinudi, 1934; Latorre & Hernández, 2003; López, Ferragut, Alacid, Yuste, & García, 2008; Santonja, Andújar, & Martínez, 1994; Santonja, Ferrer, & Martínez, 1995, puede producir alteraciones en la estática del raquis que pueden desencadenar anomalías en su estructura y procesos álgidos. Estos hechos hacen que la detección temprana de un acortamiento en estos músculos sea importante para prevenir posibles trastornos. Nosotros encontramos una disminución en el nivel de flexibilidad de los isquiosurales-raquis medida a través del test del cubo o Distancia Dedos Planta (D-D-P, de 4,2 cm de los alumnos que habían cursado sus estudios en nuestro centro en el año 007, con respecto a la flexibilidad de los alumnos de la misma edad que cursaron sus estudios en el año 1991, achacando tal pérdida a la disminución en la actividad física que se realiza en la actualidad (Vidal, Vidal, & Almela, 2009. Pero no conocíamos si esta merma de la flexibilidad afectaba al incremento del número de casos de cortedad isquiosural. Para conocer si, además de la disminución de flexibilidad, se producía un incremento en el número de casos con cortedad isquiosural, hicimos una valoración-comparación del número de alumnos que padecían cortedad isquiosural en el año 1986 con respecto a los alumnos que la padecían en el año 2008. Encontramos un incremento en el número de casos, pasando de un 5,13 % en 1986 a un 20 % en 2008. Por tanto, la disminución de actividad física que se está produciendo en nuestros jóvenes, sobre todo por el incremento del tiempo que dedican a las nuevas tecnologías de la información y comunicación (TIC, no sólo puede repercutir negativamente en la merma de flexibilidad sino también lo hace en el incremento de sujetos con cortedad isquiosural.

  10. Efeitos de um programa de treinamento neuromuscular sobre o consumo máximo de oxigênio e salto vertical em atletas iniciantes de voleibol Los efectos de un programa de entrenamiento neuromuscular nel consumo máximo de oxígeno y salto vertical en atletas principiantes de voleyball Effects of a neuromuscular training program on the maximal Oxygen consumption and vertical jump in beginning volleyball players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Altini Neto

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available As alterações ocorridas na performance motora de jovens envolvidos em treinamentos especializados ainda não são muito claras. Este é um conhecimento de suma importância para a correta prescrição desses treinos. O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a influência do treinamento nas variáveis neuromotoras e orgânicas de jovens atletas na modalidade voleibol em diferentes momentos do programa. Foram selecionadas nove atletas, do sexo feminino, da equipe infantil, do Clube de Campo de Piracicaba/SP, na faixa etária de 14 e 15 anos, para a realização dos testes: alcance de ataque e bloqueio e o teste de 1.000 metros, com o objetivo de avaliar, em três momentos distintos, o programa de treino sugerido. Foram realizadas quatro coletas de dados, a primeira na apresentação das atletas, a segunda no final da etapa geral, a terceira no final da etapa especial e a última no final do período competitivo. No período preparatório foram utilizados exercícios com o objetivo de melhorar o desempenho das atletas na realização das ações motoras do jogo. No competitivo foram realizados exercícios com o objetivo de manter os índices de rendimento alcançados anteriormente, priorizando os exercícios coletivos envolvendo a técnica e a tática da modalidade. Com base na análise estatística dos dados, obtida através do cálculo da média, desvio-padrão, nível de significância (p Todavía no están claras las alteraciones de la actuaciones deportivas de juventud involucrada en entrenamientos especializados. Éste es un conocimiento de suma importancia para la prescripción correcta de los entrenamientos. El objetivo de este estudio fue verificar la influencia del entrenamiento en las variables neuromotoras y orgánicas de atletas jóvenes en la modalidad de voleyball en momentos diferentes de un programa. Se seleccionaron 9 atletas, mujeres, del equipo infantil, del Club de Campo de Piracicaba/SP, con edades de 14 y 15 años, para el

  11. Evaluating the Relationship between the Population Trends, Prices, Heat Waves, and the Demands of Energy Consumption in Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine S. Fu

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The demands of energy consumption have been projected as a key factor that affects an economy at the city, national, and international level. Contributions to total U.S. greenhouse gas emissions in 2012 by various urban sectors include electricity (31%, transportation (28%, industry (20%, agriculture (10%, and commercial and residential (10%. Yet the heavy demands of energy consumption in the cities by residents, commercial businesses, industries, and transportation are important for maintaining and sustaining sufficient economic growth. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationships between population trends, historical energy consumptions, the changes of average electricity price, average annual temperature, and extreme weather events for three selected cities: New York, Chicago, and Los Angeles. These cities are exemplary of, metropolitan areas in the East, Middle, and the Western regions of the U.S. We find that the total energy consumptions of New York, Chicago, and Los Angeles are influenced to various degrees by changes in population, temperature and the average price of electricity and that only one city, Los Angeles, does price significantly affect electricity use. This finding has implications for policy making, suggesting that each city’s climate, size and general economic priorities must be considered in developing climate change mitigation strategies and incentives.

  12. Los Ángeles, Palacio de los deportes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Becket, Welton

    1963-11-01

    Full Text Available This Sports Palace was planned with the intention of making it suitable for a variety of uses, such as athletic meetings, basketball, ice hockey, boxing, stage plays, commercial exhibitions and conventions. It is situated inside the Exhibition Park. It has an elliptical shape, can accommodate 24,000 people if used for conventions, 19,000 when boxing is shown, 18,200 for basketball, and 16,000 for ice hockey matches. Of these, 12,000 are fixed, theatre type seats, and are arranged in 28 tiers. They are reached from the street along a wide corridor. Of its installations, the cleaning station is worth mentioning. It employs the most modern systems, and a team of 100 men can clean the Palace in three hours. The air conditioning installation will drive the air at the most suitable speed, according to the type of spectacle: the highest velocity applies to boxing meetings. The designers have succeeded in harmonisong the style of the Sports' Palace with other neighbouring buildings, which include the Memorial Coliseum, and they have also been careful in blending the landscape which immediately surrounds this Palace with the general aspect of the Exposition Park.Al concebir este Palacio de Deportes se partió de una premisa: La de que fuera susceptible de múltiples usos, tales como exhibiciones atléticas, partidos de baloncesto, de hockey sobre hielo, boxeo, representaciones teatrales, exposiciones comerciales y convenciones. Emplazado dentro del recinto Exposition Park, el edificio, de planta elíptica, ofrece una capacidad máxima de 22.400 localidades si se utiliza para convenciones; de 19.063, en los combates de boxeo; 18.174, cuando se trata de partidos de baloncesto, y de 16.004, en los de hockey sobre hielo. De ellas, 12.000 son fijas, y su aspecto es similar al de las butacas de teatro; están acopladas en 28 filas, y su acceso se realiza desde el nivel de la calle a través de un amplio corredor. Respecto a las instalaciones, la central de

  13. Comparative analysis of the indexes of electric power density in buildings lighting systems; Analisis comparativo de los indices de densidad de potencia electrica de los sistemas de alumbrado en edificios

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cruz Hernandez, J.I.; Morillon Galvez, D. [CONAE, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1995-12-31

    The national situation of the lighting systems in buildings is presented in order to know its consumption and make comparisons in accordance with the terms of the Electric Power Density that the lighting systems must satisfy, recently published in the norm, NOM 007 ENER-1995 (Energy Efficiency for non Residential Buildings` Lighting Systems). The form of application of the norm to determine the Electric Power Density Indexes in Lighting Buildings (EPDIL) is described, which permitted to know the current situation of the lighting systems, to compare the results internationally and with the ones specified in the proper norm. As a conclusion, there is the need of enhancing the efficiency of the lightning systems, with savings technologies, improve the lightning levels and equalize the energy indexes of the EPDIL with the ones recommended. [Espanol] Se presenta un estudio sobre la situacion nacional de los sistemas de alumbrado en edificios, con el objeto de conocer su consumo y compararlos, de acuerdo a los terminos de densidad de potencia electrica que deben cumplir los sistemas de alumbrado, publicados recientemente en la norma, NOM 007 ENER-1995 (Eficiencia Energetica para los Sistemas de Alumbrado en Edificios no Residenciales). Se describe la forma de aplicar la norma para determinar los indices de densidad de potencia electrica en alumbrado (DPEA) en edificios, lo cual permitio conocer la situacion actual de los sistemas de alumbrado, comparar con los reportados internacionalmente y con los especificados en la propia norma. Como conclusion se tiene la necesidad de eficientizar los sistemas de alumbrado, con tecnologia ahorradora, mejorar los niveles de iluminacion e igualar los indices energeticos de DPEA con los recomendados.

  14. Comparative analysis of the indexes of electric power density in buildings lighting systems; Analisis comparativo de los indices de densidad de potencia electrica de los sistemas de alumbrado en edificios

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cruz Hernandez, J I; Morillon Galvez, D [CONAE, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1996-12-31

    The national situation of the lighting systems in buildings is presented in order to know its consumption and make comparisons in accordance with the terms of the Electric Power Density that the lighting systems must satisfy, recently published in the norm, NOM 007 ENER-1995 (Energy Efficiency for non Residential Buildings` Lighting Systems). The form of application of the norm to determine the Electric Power Density Indexes in Lighting Buildings (EPDIL) is described, which permitted to know the current situation of the lighting systems, to compare the results internationally and with the ones specified in the proper norm. As a conclusion, there is the need of enhancing the efficiency of the lightning systems, with savings technologies, improve the lightning levels and equalize the energy indexes of the EPDIL with the ones recommended. [Espanol] Se presenta un estudio sobre la situacion nacional de los sistemas de alumbrado en edificios, con el objeto de conocer su consumo y compararlos, de acuerdo a los terminos de densidad de potencia electrica que deben cumplir los sistemas de alumbrado, publicados recientemente en la norma, NOM 007 ENER-1995 (Eficiencia Energetica para los Sistemas de Alumbrado en Edificios no Residenciales). Se describe la forma de aplicar la norma para determinar los indices de densidad de potencia electrica en alumbrado (DPEA) en edificios, lo cual permitio conocer la situacion actual de los sistemas de alumbrado, comparar con los reportados internacionalmente y con los especificados en la propia norma. Como conclusion se tiene la necesidad de eficientizar los sistemas de alumbrado, con tecnologia ahorradora, mejorar los niveles de iluminacion e igualar los indices energeticos de DPEA con los recomendados.

  15. Entertainment-Retail Centers in Hong Kong and Los Angeles: Trends and Lessons

    OpenAIRE

    Clara Irazabal; Surajit Chakravarty

    2007-01-01

    This paper seeks to answer the question of why Entertainment Retail Centers (ERCs) develop as they do and what we can expect from these centers of consumption in the near future. Beginning with a "network" view of cities, where cities are nodes in an integrated economic system, the paper examines the evolution of and recent trends in the design of Entertainment Retail Centers (ERCs) in Los Angeles and Hong Kong. The analysis is organized along four related themes - land use, transportation, u...

  16. Los bastones de la hamaca, los soportes del cosmos

    OpenAIRE

    Niño Vargas, Juan Camilo

    2016-01-01

    Los ette, pueblo de lengua chibcha del norte de Colombia, introducen un pequeño bastón de madera a través de las cabeceras de sus hamacas entretejidas que remplaza la cabuyera mediante la cual se cuelgan la mayoría de las hamacas ordinarias. Este elemento se asegura en el bucle de cuerdas previamente atadas, de tal forma que la hamaca puede colgarse sin anudarse. Tan ingenioso como exótico, el uso del bastoncito no puede explicarse invocando una sola ventaja técnica. Ninguna otra población v...

  17. El pishtaku entre los campesinos y los mineros de Huancavelica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1991-01-01

    Full Text Available LE PISHTAKU CHEZ LES PAYSANS ET LES MINEURS DE HUANCAVELICA. Le propos de cet article est d’analyser et de comparer des données ethnographiques sur le Pishtaku, l’égorgeur andin, recueillies dans deux contextes différents : les communautés paysannes de la province d’ Angaraes (Huancavelica et un centre minier de cette région. La comparaison montre comment dans ces deux groupes le Pishtaku est décrit comme un homme blanc, physiquement ou socialement par les relations qu’il maintient avec le monde des blancs. C’est un personnage associé au pouvoir. Tant parmi les paysans que parmi les mineurs, le Pishtaku est décrit non seulement comme celui qui égorge les paysans pour leur extraire la graisse mais aussi comme celui qui transgresse les règles de la vie sociale communale. El propósito del presente artículo es analizar y comparar los datos etnográficos sobre el Pishtaku, el degollador andino, recogidos en dos contextos diferentes, en las comunidades de Angaraes (Huancavelica y en un centro minero de la región. La comparación mostrará cómo en los dos grupos, el Pishtaku es descrito como un hombre blanco, físicamente o socialmente por las relaciones que mantiene con el mundo de los blancos. Es un personaje asociado al poder. El Pishtaku aparece descrito en el campo y en la mina no solamente como aquél que degüella los campesinos para extraerles la grasa sino como aquél que transgrede las reglas de la vida social. THE PISHTAKU AMONG PEASANTS AND MINERS OF HUANCAVELICA. The purpose of this paper is to analyse and to compare ethnographic data concerning the Pishtaku, the andean slaughter, collected in two differents contexts: peasants communities in Angaraes province (Huancavelica and in a mining center of this area. We show how these two groups describe the Pishtaku as a white man, physically or socially because of his relations with the world of the white men. He is a personage related to power. Pishtaku is described by

  18. Nuclear energy consumption, oil consumption and economic growth in G-6 countries: Bootstrap panel causality test

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chu, Hsiao-Ping; Chang Tsangyao

    2012-01-01

    This study applies bootstrap panel Granger causality to test whether energy consumption promotes economic growth using data from G-6 countries over the period of 1971–2010. Both nuclear and oil consumption data are used in this study. Regarding the nuclear consumption-economic growth nexus, nuclear consumption causes economic growth in Japan, the UK, and the US; economic growth causes nuclear consumption in the US; nuclear consumption and economic growth show no causal relation in Canada, France and Germany. Regarding oil consumption-economic growth nexus, we find that there is one-way causality from economic growth to oil consumption only in the US, and that oil consumption does not Granger cause economic growth in G-6 countries except Germany and Japan. Our results have important policy implications for the G-6 countries within the context of economic development. - Highlights: ► Bootstrap panel Granger causality test whether energy consumption promotes economic growth. ► Data from G-6 countries for both nuclear and oil consumption data are used. ► Results have important policy implications within the context of economic development.

  19. Ejercicio de los derechos y participación de las mujeres en los ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2013-07-19

    Jul 19, 2013 ... Ejercicio de los derechos y participación de las mujeres en los espacios locales: Promesas y realidades de la descentralización en América Latina. Book cover: Ejercicio de los derechos y participación de las mujeres en los espacios locales. Editor(s):. Gloria Bonder. Publisher(s):. FLACSO Argentina ...

  20. Affect asymmetry and comfort food consumption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubé, Laurette; LeBel, Jordan L; Lu, Ji

    2005-11-15

    It is proposed that the emotional triggers of comfort food consumption can reliably be predicted by factors tied to affect asymmetry whereby negative affects dominate one's experience, decision making and behaviors in some instances while positive emotions prevail in others. Specifically, we relate three of these factors (age, gender, and culture) to differences in the emotional triggers of comfort food consumption and we further explore the possibility that the type of food eaten during comfort-seeking episodes can also be tied to affect asymmetry. Two hundred and seventy-seven participants completed a web-based survey conducted to assess the emotional antecedents and consequences of comfort food consumption. Consistent with expectations, results indicate that men's comfort food consumption was motivated by positive emotions whereas women's consumption was triggered by negative affects. Consumption of comfort foods alleviated women's negative emotions but also produced guilt. Positive affect was a particularly powerful trigger of comfort food consumption for older participants and for participants with French cultural background. Younger participants and participants with English background reported more intense negative emotions prior to consuming comfort foods. Foods high in sugar and fat content were more efficient in alleviating negative affects whereas low-calorie foods were more efficient in increasing positive emotions.

  1. Healthy eating norms and food consumption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, W C; Worsley, A

    2014-05-01

    Beliefs about what people think they ought to eat to be healthy ('healthy eating norms (HENs)') may be important influences on food consumption. The purpose of this study was to examine the predictive roles of normative expectations and demographics, personal values, substance use behaviours and body weight on reported food consumption among middle-aged Australians. A questionnaire was administered by mail to a random sample of people aged 40 years and above, drawn from the Electoral Rolls in Victoria, Australia. Part of the questionnaire contained questions about the respondents' beliefs about what should they eat to be healthy, what actually they ate, their personal values, smoking and alcohol use, as well as self-reported heights and weights and demographic characteristics. Respondents' reported food consumption did not match their HENs. Demographics, smoking, body mass index (BMI) and personal values, and HENs were associated with reported consumption but the relationships differed among men and women. Generally, high energy-dense, nutrition-poor (EDNP) food consumption was negatively associated with age. Fruit and vegetable HEN and consumption was positively linked to universalist values but negatively related to smoking status among men. In contrast in women, fruit and vegetable HENs were positively related to income and education while EDNP HEN was negatively associated with age and income but positively linked to body weight and power values. Reported food consumption was associated with HEN, personal values, demographics, smoking and BMI through different pathways among men and women. The implications for nutrition promotion are discussed.

  2. Determinants of fuel consumption in mining trucks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dindarloo, Saeid R.; Siami-Irdemoosa, Elnaz

    2016-01-01

    Analysis of fuel consumption in a large surface mine, during more than 5000 cycles of material transportation, revealed considerable variability in the data. Truck fuel estimation based on the mining truck manufacturers' manuals/estimates is not capable of capturing this variability in the fuel consumption data. Partial least squares regression and autoregressive integrated moving average methods were employed to examine the effect of cyclic activities on fuel consumption, and to recommend relevant remedies for consumption reduction. Proper modifications of the operation can result in improved cycle times. Consequently, minimizing some cyclic activities would enhance energy efficiency. The truck “empty idle time” was a major contributor to unnecessary fuel consumption. Since the truck queues at shovels are a major component of the “empty idle time”, decisions should be reviewed to reduce the truck queues at loading points. Improved dispatching strategies, optimal muck pile shape and size distribution, and improved shovel/loader operator skills are effective preventive measures to minimize truck flow bottlenecks at loading points, and thus to improve energy efficiency at mines. - Highlights: • A large fleet of mining trucks consumes considerable amounts of energy. • Current energy models do not consider the effect of site-specific mining conditions. • A new methodology based on material handling cyclic activities is proposed. • Fuel consumption rates in different truck operating modes are determined. • The new model is compared with the truck manufacturer's energy consumption guideline.

  3. Human water consumption intensifies hydrological drought worldwide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wada, Yoshihide; Van Beek, Ludovicus P H; Wanders, Niko; Bierkens, Marc F P

    2013-01-01

    Over the past 50 years, human water use has more than doubled and affected streamflow over various regions of the world. However, it remains unclear to what degree human water consumption intensifies hydrological drought (the occurrence of anomalously low streamflow). Here, we quantify over the period 1960–2010 the impact of human water consumption on the intensity and frequency of hydrological drought worldwide. The results show that human water consumption substantially reduced local and downstream streamflow over Europe, North America and Asia, and subsequently intensified the magnitude of hydrological droughts by 10–500%, occurring during nation- and continent-wide drought events. Also, human water consumption alone increased global drought frequency by 27 (±6)%. The intensification of drought frequency is most severe over Asia (35 ± 7%), but also substantial over North America (25 ± 6%) and Europe (20 ± 5%). Importantly, the severe drought conditions are driven primarily by human water consumption over many parts of these regions. Irrigation is responsible for the intensification of hydrological droughts over the western and central US, southern Europe and Asia, whereas the impact of industrial and households’ consumption on the intensification is considerably larger over the eastern US and western and central Europe. Our findings reveal that human water consumption is one of the more important mechanisms intensifying hydrological drought, and is likely to remain as a major factor affecting drought intensity and frequency in the coming decades. (letter)

  4. Oxytocin reduces alcohol consumption in prairie voles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevenson, J R; Wenner, S M; Freestone, D M; Romaine, C C; Parian, M C; Christian, S M; Bohidar, A E; Ndem, J R; Vogel, I R; O'Kane, C M

    2017-10-01

    Alcohol use disorder (AUD) negatively affects millions of people every year in the United States, and effective treatments for AUD are still needed. The neuropeptide oxytocin has shown promise for reducing alcohol drinking in mice and rats. Because oxytocin also plays a key role in complex prosocial behaviors like bonding and attachment, we tested the effect of oxytocin on alcohol drinking in prairie voles, a species that both consumes high amounts of alcohol and forms oxytocin dependent social bonds in a manner similar to humans. Oxytocin treatment (1.0, 3.0, and 10.0mg/kg, i.p.) reduced alcohol consumption in male and female prairie voles in animals that had access to 15% ethanol vs water every other day for 12 alcohol drinking sessions. In animals with continuous access to 15% alcohol and water, oxytocin (3.0mg/kg) reduced alcohol consumption only in the first hour of access after treatment, with no significant effects on consumption over the 24-hr period. In an open field locomotor test, oxytocin (1.0, 3.0, and 10.0mg/kg, i.p.) did not affect overall locomotor activity; however, ethanol (2g/kg, i.p.) increased locomotor activity in males and females, and produced anxiolytic effects (increased time in the center of an open field) in females only. Because prairie voles have been shown to match the alcohol consumption of their cage mate, we evaluated the relationship between cage mates' alcohol drinking. There was an overall pattern of social facilitation (consumption by one cage mate predicted consumption by the other cage mate); however, we found significant individual differences across cages in which many cages did not show significant matching, and, in some cases one cage mate's consumption negatively predicted the other cage mate's consumption. Overall, our data provide support for the potential of oxytocin as a treatment to reduce alcohol consumption. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Wood fuels consumption in households in Montenegro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glavonjić Branko D.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the results of researching wood fuels consumption in households in Montenegro in the heating season 2011/2012. The research was conducted in the period October-November 2012 on the sample of 5% of the total number of households which stated to use solid fuels for heating purposes in the 2011 census. Results of the conducted researches on the presence and amounts of fuels consumed in households in Montenegro showed that total firewood consumption in the heating season 2011/2012 (both urban and rural households was 703,571 m3. Wood consumption is the lowest in the households in the municipalities in the coastal zone, it is somewhat higher in central zone and the highest in the zone on the north of Montenegro. Average wood consumption in households in the coastal zone municipalities is 3.79 m3, in the central zone it is 5.02 m3 and on the north of Montenegro it is 6.74 m3/household. Observed on the level of Montenegro, average firewood consumption per household was 5.49 m3 and as such it best represents relatively low consumption level in the coastal zone and high consumption level on the north of Montenegro. Compared to the neighboring countries, average firewood consumption per household in Montenegro in the amount of 5.49 m3 is significantly lower than the average consumption in Serbia which is 7.3 m3/household as well as in Slovenia in the amount of 6.5 m3.

  6. Estereotipos de género en los presentadores de los informativos

    OpenAIRE

    Teruel Centeno, Ana

    2016-01-01

    En base a la relevancia que los presentadores de informativos tienen en el medio y en la audiencia, este trabajo estudia los estereotipos de género en los presentadores de los espacios informativos de TV de las principales cadenas españolas. Se analizan sus características físicas, estilismo y también la comunicación no verbal. Los resultados muestran los estereotipos de género actuales y sus diferencias con los estereotipos existentes en la comunicación publicitaria.

  7. Los Protocolos en las redes de ordenadores

    OpenAIRE

    Salavert Casamor, Antonio

    2003-01-01

    El objetivo de este libro es dar a conocer los protocolos de las redes de datos y de los de comunicaciones directamente relacionados con los mismos. Con el fin de facilitar este conocimiento al mayor número de personas, independientemente de su grado de formación técnica sobre estos temas, la exposición de los mismos no es ni muy exhaustiva ni muy técnica, excepto en algunos protocolos concretos como pueden ser los de Internet. Las especificaciones de estos protocolos es pública y por tanto d...

  8. OFERTA ALIMENTARIA: LOS CONSUMIDORES Y SUS EXPECTATIVAS

    OpenAIRE

    Sylvan,Louise

    2001-01-01

    En un siglo de progresos significativos en salud para una gran parte del mundo, lo último que los consumidores podrían haber esperado al finalizar el milenio es que los antiguos problemas de seguridad alimentaria se vieran intensificados por la introducción de nuevos métodos y de la aplicación de nuevas tecnologías en la agroindustria. Los consumidores y los ciudadanos en general han reaccionado con indignación por el riesgo al que han sido expuestos por el gobierno y los expertos. Aunque pre...

  9. Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Quality Profile

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    The Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) is a periodic national survey that provides timely information about energy consumption and expenditures of U.S. households and about energy-related characteristics of housing units. The survey was first conducted in 1978 as the National Interim Energy Consumption Survey (NIECS), and the 1979 survey was called the Household Screener Survey. From 1980 through 1982 RECS was conducted annually. The next RECS was fielded in 1984, and since then, the survey has been undertaken at 3-year intervals. The most recent RECS was conducted in 1993.

  10. Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and Mortality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leenders, Max; Sluijs, Ivonne; Ros, Martine M

    2013-01-01

    % CI: 0.70, 1.54), and with a preventable proportion of 2.95%. This association was driven mainly by cardiovascular disease mortality (for the highest quartile, hazard ratio = 0.85, 95% CI: 0.77, 0.93). Stronger inverse associations were observed for participants with high alcohol consumption or high...... body mass index and suggested in smokers. Inverse associations were stronger for raw than for cooked vegetable consumption. These results support the evidence that fruit and vegetable consumption is associated with a lower risk of death....

  11. PERSPECTIVES OF ETHICAL CONSUMPTION DEVELOPMENT IN UKRAINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Yevtushevska

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Universal principles of ethical consumption are lightened. Five main principles are definite, in particular: principle of caring treatment to environment, principle of human rights keeping, principle of human treatment to animals, principle of domestic producers support, principle of ethical treatment to other buyers. Main reasons of undeveloped consumer culture in Ukraine are analyzed, namely historical peculiarities of consumption, poor information, ineffective legislation, undeveloped ecological culture, poor experience of total boycott of goods and services. Perspectives of ethical consumption development under domestic conditions are opened.

  12. State Energy Data Report, 1991: Consumption estimates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-05-01

    The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sector. The estimates are developed in the State Energy Data System (SEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining SEDS is to create historical time series of energy consumption by State that are defined as consistently as possible over time and across sectors. SEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to the Government, policy makers, and the public; and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA's energy models

  13. Distributed Coordination of Household Electricity Consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juelsgaard, Morten; Teixeira, Andre; Johansson, Mikael

    2014-01-01

    This work presents a distributed framework for coordination of flexible electricity consumption for a number of households in the distribution grid. We conduct coordination with the purpose of minimizing a trade-off between individual concerns about discomfort and electricity cost, on the one hand......, and joint concerns about grid losses and voltage variations on the other. Our contribution is mainly to illustrate how to conduct distributed coordination when consumers are jointly coupled by grid losses and voltage variations. In addition we illustrate the benefit of including consumption management...... in the grid operation, and how different types of consumption may present various benefits....

  14. State energy data report 1993: Consumption estimates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-07-01

    The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sector. The estimates are developed in the State Energy Data System (SEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining SEDS is to create historical time series of energy consumption by State that are defined as consistently as possible over time and across sectors. SEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to Members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public; and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA`s energy models.

  15. Sobre el soneto Los conquistadores de los trofeos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos López Narváez

    1967-09-01

    Full Text Available Aun los medianamente eruditos en poesía francesa sobradamente saben que el autor del más celebrado poemario parnasiano -cuyo subtítulo puede ser Historia celeste de la tierra- el cubano-francés José María de Heredia, ascendía (el usual descendia no cu¡tdra en esta anécdota de gloria del conquistador y fundador don Pedro de Heredia, alias el desna- rigado, y de allí el que de las propias arterias apriemiárale un férvido interés por el mundo occidental en todos sus órdenes. Empezó por acometer la versión francesa de la monumental crónica historial de Bernal Díaz del Castillo, labor cuya culminación científica y artística culmina en las notas y acotaciones complementarias del original vertido y que denuncian, por igual sabiduría y pasión americanistas: tanto, que en su biblioteca de trabajo se alineaban cerca de dos centenares de obras sobre el Nuevo Mundo. La epopeya acabó, naturalmente por encender el instinto épico del abolengo hasta hacer del poeta el Benvenuto Cellini del soneto parnasiano. El primer indicio aparece en el titulado Los funerales, insuperablemente traducido por Otto de Greiff.

  16. Food consumption in Mexican adolescents Consumo de alimentos en adolescentes mexicanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Ortiz-Hernández

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between demographic and socioeconomic factors and food consumption in Mexican adolescents. METHODS: A representative sample (n = 7 218 of Mexican adolescents (12-19 years old was analyzed. Independent variables included age, gender, and main activity of the adolescents; gender and age of the head of household; socioeconomic position; size of town (rural, semiurban, or urban; and area of residence. The consumption frequency of 13 food groups was assessed. Through multivariate logistic regression models, the effect of independent variables over consumption frequency was evaluated. RESULTS: Among Mexican adolescents only one-third consumed fruits and vegetables daily, a little less than one-half consumed dairy products daily, one-third drank soft drinks daily, and one-fifth consumed sweets and salty snacks. Males reported higher consumption of legumes. Age increase was associated with higher frequency of milk consumption. Adolescents who worked and those who neither studied nor worked consumed fruits, sweets, and salty snacks less frequently. Eating fruits, vegetables, cereals, dairy products, bread, starchy vegetables, red meat, white meat, and fast food decreased with regard to socioeconomic position; on the other hand, the lower socioeconomic strata had more frequent consumption of legumes and soft drinks. CONCLUSIONS: There are groups of adolescents who are less likely to consume healthy foods (such as fruits, vegetables, and dairy products. Socioeconomic and cultural processes that can explain the differences observed are discussed.OBJETIVO: Examinar la relación entre algunos factores demográficos y socioeconómicos y el consumo de alimentos en adolescentes mexicanos. MÉTODOS: Se analizó una muestra representativa (n = 7 218 de adolescentes mexicanos (de 12-19 años. Como variables independientes se emplearon la edad, el sexo y la actividad principal de los adolescentes; el sexo y la edad del jefe del

  17. [Mass media consumption in adolescence].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bercedo Sanz, A; Redondo Figuero, C; Pelayo Alonso, R; Gómez Del Río, Z; Hernández Herrero, M; Cadenas González, N

    2005-12-01

    education on mass media consumption, by stimulating reasonable use of mass media and teaching teenagers to be critical. Parents should set a limit of less than 2 hours/day to the use of mass media and should avoid their presence in teenagers' bedrooms. Prepay mobile phone should be used and switched off in inappropriate places. Parents should supervise and educate teenagers about video games, Internet access and e-mail usage in adolescence.

  18. Los Alamos racquetball contamination incident

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    McAtee, J.L.; Stafford, R.G.; Dowdy, E.J.; Prestwood, R.J.

    1985-01-01

    Several employees of the Los Alamos Plutonium Facility were found to have low levels of radioactivity on their hands and clothing when they arrived for work one morning. The initial concern was that the stringent contamination or material controls at the facility had failed, and that one or more of the employees had either accidentally or intentionally removed plutonium from the Laboratory premises. Fortunately, however, an investigation revealed that the source of the radioactivity was radon daughters electrostatically collected upon the surface of the racquetball and transferred by physical contact to the employees during an early morning racquetball game. This paper describes the events leading to the discovery of this phenomenon. 1 figure

  19. Esclavizada en los Estudios Poscoloniales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nellys Montenegro De la Hoz

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo va a centrarse en el análisis de las formas de resis - tencia e identidad esclavizada presentes en Changó, el gran putas de Manuel Zapata Olivella, a través del análisis de los discur - sos hegemónicos y subalternos que hacían parte del sistema de poder, y la intervención de las teorías o estudios poscoloniales que cuestionan dichas perspectivas para redefinir las diferencias de las identidades contradictorias y desarrollar de esta manera literaturas deslindadas de las estructuras ideológicas y hegemónicas.

  20. El relieve de los Pirineos

    OpenAIRE

    Babault, Julien

    2007-01-01

    La evolución del relieve de los Pirineos es un buen ejemplo de la interacción entre procesos superficiales y profundos. La elevada topografía media de la cadena es fruto del acortamiento y engrosamiento cortical, hoy inactivo, que se produjo principalmente durante el Paleógeno. Aunque la topografía es antigua, el escarpado relieve local es moderno. La etapa paleógena culminó con la formación de superficies de erosión con bajo relieve, formadas ya desde su inicio a gran altitud, en relación co...

  1. Los medicamentos y el anciano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Debesa García

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Se plantearon los principales problemas que pueden presentarse en la terapéutica del adulto mayor, con el objetivo fundamental de crear en nuestros prescriptores la conciencia que permita lograr una política racional, encaminada a una adecuada relación beneficio-riesgo en nuestros ancianos.The main problems that may appear in the therapeutics of the elderly are stated in order to create a level of conciousness in our prescribers that allow to achieve a rational policy leading to an adequate benefit risk relationship in our elderly.

  2. Los Alamos - A Short History

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meade, Roger A. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2014-03-12

    At 5:45 am on the morning of July 16, 1945, the world’s first atomic bomb exploded over a remote section of the southern New Mexican desert known as the Jornada del Muerto, the Journey of Death. Three weeks later, the atomic bombs known as Little Boy and Fat Man brought World War II to an end. Working literally around the clock, these first atomic bombs were designed and built in just thirty months by scientists working at a secret scientific laboratory in the mountains of New Mexico known by its codename, Project Y, better known to the world as Los Alamos.

  3. La crisis de los refugiados

    OpenAIRE

    SÁNCHEZ-MONTIJANO, Elena; ZARAGOZA CRISTIANI, Jonathan

    2016-01-01

    La crisis de refugiados por la atraviesa Europa mostró las debilidades y flaquezas de la Unión Europea. Por tal motivo, la opinión pública europea está en una disyuntiva: apoyar sin miramientos un derecho universal o ensimismarse en una autocomplacencia identitaria. Por si fuera poco, la crisis de los refugiados en Europa tiene su origen en el conflicto en territorio sirio. Elena Sánchez-Montijano y Jonathan Zaragoza-Cristiani plantean el dilema de Europa de apoyar sin miramientos un derecho ...

  4. Los coquitos (chrysomelidae) de los pastos en los andes venezolanos "coquito pulga de los pastos" chaetocnema sp.

    OpenAIRE

    Briceño Vergara, Armando J.

    2007-01-01

    Editorial. Suniaga Q., José La codorniz fuente proteica para consumo humano. Díaz Cuellar, Doraida R. y González, Diomary Diagnóstico de parásitos gastrointestinales en bovinos y su importancia en la productividad de los sistemas ganaderos. Castillo O., Mayela; Hernández, Javier A.; Betancourt, Arquímedes y Suniaga Q., José Nutrición vegetal (II). Moyeja Santana, Juan de Jesús Nutrición vegetal (III). Moyeja Santana, Juan de Jesús Plagas chupadoras de las cítrica...

  5. Los morteros. Control de calidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    del Olmo Rodríguez, César

    1994-10-01

    Full Text Available Mortars are building materials used ever more widely in construction and in a more specialized way. Their characteristics and performances are different depending on the purpose for which they are designed. In order to guarantee the characteristics and the proper use required by their purpose, in situ quality control is necessary. This article analyzes, in the first place, the characteristics of the main types of mortars as well as the specifications normally adopted in the Project, generally corresponding to those officially established by Standards, Technical Guides, Specifications, etc. A large part of these reference documents is being revised and this article mentions the present state of the technical regulations. Lastly, the article proposes guidelines to be adopted for the quality control of mortars, distinguishing the different stages in which this process may be divided.

    Los morteros son materiales de construcción de uso cada vez más extendido y especializado dentro de la edificación, cuyas características y prestaciones son diferentes según sea el destino para el que están diseñados; siendo necesario, para garantizar que su empleo y propiedades respondan a los fines previstos, llevar a cabo un control de calidad en obra. En el presente trabajo se analizan, en primer lugar, las características de los principales tipos de mortero, así como las especificaciones que habitualmente se adoptan en el Proyecto, que corresponden, por lo general, a las que se establecen con carácter oficial en las Normas, Guías Técnicas, Pliegos de Condiciones, etc. Una gran parte de estos documentos de referencia se encuentran en fase de revisión, haciendo mención en el artículo al estado actual de esta normativa técnica. Por último, se señalan también en el mismo las pautas que cabe adoptar para el control de calidad de los morteros, diferenciando las distintas etapas en que puede ser dividido.

  6. El acortamiento de los isquiosurales

    OpenAIRE

    Miguel Vidal Barbier; Tania Vidal Almiñana; Mercedes Almela Zamorano; Miguel Vidal Almiñana

    2011-01-01

    El acortamiento de los isquiosurales, según varios autores (Bado, 1977; Jordà, 1971; Lambrinudi, 1934; Latorre & Hernández, 2003; López, Ferragut, Alacid, Yuste, & García, 2008; Santonja, Andújar, & Martínez, 1994; Santonja, Ferrer, & Martínez, 1995), puede producir alteraciones en la estática del raquis que pueden desencadenar anomalías en su estructura y procesos álgidos. Estos hechos hacen que la detección temprana de un acortamiento en estos músculos sea importante para prevenir posibles ...

  7. FOOD CONSUMPTION AND SAFETY INCIDENTS IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvius Stanciu

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The present paper proposes an analysis of the Avian and Swine Flu’s effects on meat consumption in Romania. The intense media coverage of the two epidemics, the considerable funds allocated to population vaccination and disease eradication, the duration of the outbreak make the two diseases comparable in point of duration and spreading. The research highlighted a major effect of the Avian Flu on poultry meat consumption on the Romanian market, although the shock was a temporary one, as poultry meat consumption came back to its initial values in a short period of time. The Swine Flu didn’t have a significant impact on the number of animals or on pork consumption. Both epidemics led to important financial losses. The sums allocated for disease eradication came from government contributions or from financial aids provided by the World Bank or the EU.

  8. Habit formation, surplus consumption and return predictability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engsted, Tom; Hyde, Stuart; Vinther Møller, Stig

    2010-01-01

    On an international post World War II dataset, we use an iterated GMM procedure to estimate and test the Campbell and Cochrane (1999, By force of habit: a consumption-based explanation of aggregate stock market behavior. Journal of Political Economy 107, 205–251.) habit formation model with a time......-varying risk-free rate. In addition, we analyze the predictive power of the surplus consumption ratio for future stock and bond returns. We find that, although there are important cross-country differences and economically significant pricing errors, for the majority of countries in our sample the model gets...... significant information about future stock returns, also during the 1990s. In addition, in most countries the surplus consumption ratio is also a powerful predictor of future bond returns. Thus, the surplus consumption ratio captures time-varying expected returns in both stock and bond markets....

  9. Knowledge, Attitude and Consumption Pattern of Alcoholic

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Olaleye

    SSBs) remains a public health problem among the young adults. This study assessed the knowledge, attitude and consumption pattern of alcohol and SSBs among the undergraduate students. A pretested, self-administered questionnaire was ...

  10. High tobacco consumption lowers body weight

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Winsløw, Ulrik C; Rode, Line; Nordestgaard, Børge G

    2015-01-01

    in former or never smokers. CONCLUSIONS: High tobacco consumption causes lower body weight among current smokers. However, smoking does not seem to affect body shape or fat distribution causally. The lack of association between CHRNA3 genotype and body weight among former smokers and never smokers favours......BACKGROUND: Conflicting evidence has been found regarding the association between high tobacco consumption and body weight among smokers. We tested the hypothesis that high tobacco consumption is causally associated with low body weight. METHODS: We conducted a Mendelian randomization study...... with a genetic variant in CHRNA3 (rs1051730) as proxy for high tobacco consumption. The cohort consisted of 80,342 participants from the Copenhagen General Population Study, with details on body weight, smoking habits and CHRNA3 genotype, including 15,220 current smokers. RESULTS: In observational analyses, high...

  11. Technical Resources for Fish and Shellfish Consumption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Information on ways to develop local fish advisories, access national state and local fish advisories, obtain information on fish tissue contamination and fish tissue studies, and access information on fish consumption and human health.

  12. State energy data report 1996: Consumption estimates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-02-01

    The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sectors. The estimates are developed in the Combined State Energy Data System (CSEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining CSEDS is to create historical time series of energy consumption by State that are defined as consistently as possible over time and across sectors. CSEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to Members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA`s energy models. To the degree possible, energy consumption has been assigned to five sectors: residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, and electric utility sectors. Fuels covered are coal, natural gas, petroleum, nuclear electric power, hydroelectric power, biomass, and other, defined as electric power generated from geothermal, wind, photovoltaic, and solar thermal energy. 322 tabs.

  13. Effect of Chronic Alcohol Consumption on Phosphatidylcholine ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Effect of Chronic Alcohol Consumption on Phosphatidylcholine Hydroperoxide Content of Rat Liver and Brain. ... one group was given 20 % ethanol (5 g/kg) and the other the same volume of normal saline, orally once a day for 6 weeks.

  14. Children's participation in family food consumption patterns

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brunsø, Karen; Christensen, Pia Haudrup

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents a theoretical framework for researching children and food consumption in the family. The proposed framework draws on contemporary social science approaches to the study of family decision making, food consumption patterns and routines, and consumer competence and food......-related lifestyle in order to understand children and families through their everyday practices. It suggest a new emphasis on children as active agents in the formation of family food consumption patterns and looks at children's food choices as embedded in everyday family life. We focus especially on the construct...... of the "Consumer Competence" of the child as one important aspect determining the way a child is involved in and gains influence over family food consumption. The paper also demonstrates how a mixed methods design, employing ethnographic and survey techniques, involves advances in methodological and analytical...

  15. Can collusion promote sustainable consumption and production?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schinkel, M.P.; Spiegel, Y.

    2016-01-01

    Several competition authorities have taken public interest considerations, such as promoting sustainable consumption and production, into account in cartel proceedings.We show that when consumers value sustainable products and firms choose investments in sustainability before choosing output,

  16. Can Collusion Promote Sustainable Consumption and Production?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schinkel, M.P.; Spiegel, Y.

    Several competition authorities consider the exemption of horizontal agreements among firms from antitrust liability if the agreements sufficiently promote public interest objectives such as sustainable consumption and production. We show that when consumers value sustainable products and firms

  17. Alcohol consumption and Helicobacter pylori infection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brenner, H; Berg, Gabriele; Lappus, N

    1999-01-01

    Alcohol has strong antimicrobial activity and stimulates gastric acid secretion. Alcohol consumption may therefore compromise the living conditions of Helicobacter pylori in the stomach. We assessed the relation of alcohol consumption with H. pylori infection among 1,785 participants ages 18...... prevalence of H. pylori infection was 39.2%. There was a clear inverse dose-response-relation between reported alcohol consumption and H. pylori infection. The relation persisted after control for potential confounding factors. The adjusted prevalence ratios (95% confidence intervals) for H. pylori infection...... among persons who consumed up to 10, 10 to 20, and more than 20 gm of alcohol per day compared with non-drinkers were 0.93 (0.77-1.13), 0.82 (0.65-1.04), and 0.71 (0.55-0.92). The inverse relation between alcohol consumption and H. pylori infection was even stronger when individuals with an indication...

  18. Sustainable food consumption. Product choice or curtailment?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verain, M.C.D.; Dagevos, H.; Antonides, G.

    2015-01-01

    Food consumption is an important factor in shaping the sustainability of our food supply. The present paper empirically explores different types of sustainable food behaviors. A distinction between sustainable product choices and curtailment behavior has been investigated empirically and predictors

  19. Electricity consumption modelling: a case of Germany

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Do, L. P. C.; Lin, Kuan-Heng; Molnár, P.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 55, June (2016), s. 92-101 ISSN 0264-9993 Institutional support: PRVOUK-P23 Keywords : electricity demand * electricity consumption * electricity load Subject RIV: AH - Economics Impact factor: 1.481, year: 2016

  20. Consumption and environment - ecological economic perspectives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Røpke, Inge

    2006-01-01

    motivation for dealing with consumption in ecological economics is presented. Basically, ecological economists agree that there are limits to the material growth of the economy, and that these limits have already been reached or exceeded. As there is an ethical challenge to increase environmental space......Consumption and environment – ecological economic perspectives Summary Research on issues related to consumption and environment has grown rapidly since the middle of the 1990s, and several disciplines as well as transdisciplinary fields have contributed to this development. The present papers...... constitute a small part of this wave of interest, and they are mostly framed as belonging to ecological economics. The collection starts with an introduction to the field of consumption research within ecological economics and then follows a series of papers on more specific issues. The introductionary...

  1. Stress, breakfast cereal consumption and cortisol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, A P

    2002-04-01

    Recent research has shown that regular consumption of breakfast cereal is associated with lower stress levels and reports of better physical and mental health. The present study examined this issue using an objective indicator of stress, salivary cortisol. The results showed that stress was associated with higher cortisol levels and daily consumption of breakfast cereal was associated with lower cortisol levels. Although it was not possible to rule out all the alternative explanations of the association between breakfast cereal consumption and cortisol, analyses did show that the effect could not be accounted for by general health or nutritional status. The effects of breakfast cereal consumption and stress were also independent, which shows that the effects of breakfast found here cannot be due to stress buffering. Further research manipulating the nutrient content of the breakfast cereal is now required to provide further information about the mechanisms underlying this effect.

  2. Life-Cycle Consumption and Children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Thomas Høgholm

    2017-01-01

    I estimate by maximum likelihood a dynamic model of optimal intertemporal allocation of consumption in the presence of children using high-quality Danish longitudinal data. The number and age of all children can affect the marginal utility of consumption while income uncertainty, credit constraints...... and postretirement motives also influence household behaviour. While I estimate that children have a surprisingly small effect on the marginal utility of non-durable consumption, data simulated from the estimated model replicates similar correlations between log consumption growth and changing household composition...... as found in the Danish data and typically found in UK and US data. To reconcile the results with existing studies, I illustrate how ignoring precautionary motives increases the estimated importance of children. The results indicate that precautionary motives might play a larger role than children...

  3. Tattoo, piercing, and adolescent tobacco consumption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guéguen, Nicolas

    2013-01-01

    Abstract The objective of the study was to evaluate the link between tattoos and/or piercings and young people's tobacco consumption. A total of 2587 students (1168 females and 1419 males) were asked about tattoos, piercings, and tobacco consumption. Young men and young girls who had tattoos and/or wore piercings were more likely to report smoking behavior, earlier smoking behavior, and higher cigarette consumption per day. It was also found that both with men and women, the combined effects of piercings and tattoos were associated with an increase in smoking behavior. Piercings and/or tattoos as well as combined piercings and tattoos appeared as markers of tobacco consumption. Such marks could serve as signs for educators, parents, and physicians.

  4. Energy consumptions of households in 2012

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Denjean, Mathias

    2015-06-01

    Based on results of a survey, this publication comments data presented under the form of tables and graphs and related to the energy consumption by French households during 2012. It addresses expenses and consumptions for individual housing and for a flat in collective building, analyses the energy consumption with respect to surface in the case of individual housing, discusses the influence of dwelling age on consumption, the influence of geographical location in France, the influence o the residence status (owner or renter), and the influence of dwelling occupation (hours per day), and the distribution of the type of consumed energy (electricity, gas, oil, LPG, wood, other) and the money spent on these different energies. The type of energy is also related to the residence status, to the housing type (house or flat), to the flat surface, to the housing type and age, to the geographical location

  5. Calculations of energy consumption in ventilation systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kreslins, Andris; Ramata, Anna [Riga Technical University (Latvia)], e-mail: kreslins@rbf.rtu.lv, email: Anna.Ramata@rtu.lv

    2011-07-01

    Energy cost is an important economic factor in the food industry production process. With the rising price of energy, a reduction in energy consumption would greatly impact production and the end product. The aim of this study was to develop a methodology for optimizing energy consumption. A comparison between a traditional ventilation system and a mechanical system was carried out; the necessary enthalpy for heating the air supply and thermal energy consumption were calculated and compared for both systems during the heating season, from October to April, using climatological data for Latvia. Results showed that energy savings of 46% to 87% can be achieved by applying the methodology in the design of industrial buildings; in addition, a well-designed ventilation system increases the workers' productivity. This study presented a methodology which can optimize energy consumption in the food industry sector.

  6. Social and cultural dimensions of electricity consumptions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nikgohar, A. H.; Rafatjah, M.; Fazeli, M.; Kolahi, M. R.

    2003-01-01

    Human actions are not affected mainly by their needs or the reflection of their actions, but also with various environmental factors which are not formed just by the human needs or by the rational calculation of behavior consequences. We can divide the human environment by two types: p hysical vironment a nd s ocial environment . In this article e lectricity consumption i s considered as a human action. The aim of this article which is based on a survey is introducing some of the most important factors that affect on household e lectricity consumption . Here s ocial class a nd e nergy consciousness h ave been two important factors which we have studied their effects on electricity consumption and consumption behavior

  7. Coffee consumption and risk of fatal cancers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snowdon, D A; Phillips, R L

    1984-01-01

    In 1960, the coffee consumption habits and other lifestyle characteristics of 23,912 white Seventh-day Adventists were assessed by questionnaire. Between 1960 and 1980, deaths due to cancer were identified. There were positive associations between coffee consumption and fatal colon and bladder cancer. The group consuming two or more cups of coffee per day had an estimated relative risk (RR) of 1.7 for fatal colon cancer and 2.0 for fatal bladder cancer, compared to the group that consumed less than one cup per day (RR = 1.0). These positive associations were apparently not confounded by age, sex, cigarette smoking, or meat consumption habits. In this study, there were no significant or suggestive associations between coffee consumption and fatal pancreatic, breast, and ovarian cancer, or a combined group of all other cancer sites. PMID:6742274

  8. Environmental impacts of Proalcool: production and consumption

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Magrini, A.; Nassi, C.D.; Barcellos, P.P.

    1992-01-01

    The environmental impacts caused by the Programa Nacional do Alcool -PROALCOOL - Brazil, are analysed. Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo States are studied, comparing the regional differences. The production and the consumption phases are analysed separately. (L.J.C.)

  9. State energy data report 1996: Consumption estimates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1999-02-01

    The State Energy Data Report (SEDR) provides annual time series estimates of State-level energy consumption by major economic sectors. The estimates are developed in the Combined State Energy Data System (CSEDS), which is maintained and operated by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The goal in maintaining CSEDS is to create historical time series of energy consumption by State that are defined as consistently as possible over time and across sectors. CSEDS exists for two principal reasons: (1) to provide State energy consumption estimates to Members of Congress, Federal and State agencies, and the general public and (2) to provide the historical series necessary for EIA's energy models. To the degree possible, energy consumption has been assigned to five sectors: residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, and electric utility sectors. Fuels covered are coal, natural gas, petroleum, nuclear electric power, hydroelectric power, biomass, and other, defined as electric power generated from geothermal, wind, photovoltaic, and solar thermal energy. 322 tabs

  10. Preoperative Alcohol Consumption and Postoperative Complications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eliasen, Marie; Grønkjær, Marie; Skov-Ettrup, Lise Skrubbeltrang

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE:: To systematically review and summarize the evidence of the association between preoperative alcohol consumption and postoperative complications elaborated on complication type. BACKGROUND:: Conclusions in studies on preoperative alcohol consumption and postoperative complications have...... been inconsistent. METHODS:: A systematic review and meta-analysis based on a search in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO citations. Included were original studies of the association between preoperative alcohol consumption and postoperative complications occurring within 30 days of the operation.......30-2.49), prolonged stay at the hospital (RR = 1.24; 95% CI: 1.18-1.31), and admission to intensive care unit (RR = 1.29; 95% CI: 1.03-1.61). Clearly defined high alcohol consumption was associated with increased risk of postoperative mortality (RR = 2.68; 95% CI: 1.50-4.78). Low to moderate preoperative alcohol...

  11. Experiences of alcohol consumption and taking antiretroviral ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ART) adherence among patients. Adoption of hegemonic notions of masculinity may encourage health-risk behaviours, such as alcohol consumption, and discourage health-enhancing behaviours, such as ART adherence among men.

  12. Power consumption in multicore fibre networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nooruzzaman, Md; Jain, Saurabh; Jung, Yongmin

    2017-01-01

    We study potential energy savings in MCF-based networks compared to SMF-based ones in a Pan-European network topology based on the power consumption of recently fabricated cladding-pumped multi-core optical fibre amplifiers....

  13. DETERMINACIÓN DE LOS ÍNDICES DE CONSUMO ENERGÉTICO EN UNA PLANTA DE PRODUCTOS LÁCTEOS.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Cruz Viera

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del trabajo es evaluar los índices de consumo energético en una planta de productos lácteos. Se elaboraron los cronogramas de los consumos de vapor y energía eléctrica en las líneas tecnológicas de leche, yogurt y crema, lo que permitió la caracterización de los procesos a partirdel consumo de estos portadores energéticos. Se determinaron los consumos de combustible y energía eléctrica técnicamente requeridos. La energía eléctrica se correspondió con el consumo actual mientras que el consumo de combustible técnicamente requerido resultó inferior al realmente consumido en la planta. Se realiza un análisis de este comportamiento y se establecen recomendaciones para disminuir el consumo de vapor. Se reportan los índices de consumo actual  y técnicamente requerido así como el ahorro que significaría el logro de este ultimo.  Evaluating the energetic consumption indexes in a dairy product plant is the objective of this paper. The corresponding chronograms of vapor and electric energy consumptions in the technological lines of milk, yogurt and cream were made. It allowed the characterization of the processes according to this source of energy. The technically required consumptions of electric energy and fuel were determined. The former was equal to the consumption at present whereas the later was lower than the fuel truly consumed in the plant. An analysis of this behavior is made and recommendations for diminishing the fuel consumption are established.The present consumption indexes, the technically required ones and the economical saving are reported.

  14. Impact of Psychological Needs on Luxury Consumption

    OpenAIRE

    Mao, Ning; McAleer, Michael; Bai, Shuyu

    2017-01-01

    markdownabstractThis paper examines the impact of psychological needs on luxury consumption. Veblen’s Theory of the Leisure Class (1899) invented the term “conspicuous consumption” to describe luxury goods and services, in which Veblen indicated the purpose of luxury consumption was to display wealth and social status. This paper integrates the following two papers: __(1)__ Han and Zhou (2002), who proposed an integrative model, and argued that three variables, namely Country-of-Origin, Brand...

  15. ACCUMULATION AND CONSUMPTION IN MICROECONOMIC SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serghey A. Amelkin

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Two main processes are common for an economic system. They are consumption and accumulation. The first one is described by utility function, either cardinal or ordinal one. The mathematical model for accumulation process can be constructed using wealth function introduced within the frame of irreversible microeconomics. Characteristics of utility and wealth functions are compared and a problem of extreme performance of resources exchange process is solved for a case when both the consumption and accumulation exist.

  16. Personal Factors and Fast Food Consumption

    OpenAIRE

    Saraniya Devendra

    2016-01-01

    Asian peoples including Sri Lankans are generally fond of cooking food items in their homes. It is understandable that on the other hand, growing knowledge and adoption of western culture bring a modification in food consumption pattern among Sri Lankan families who lives in a particular city area. As such, it is useful to identify the Personal Factors (PF) that influence on Fast Food Consumption (FFC), since the Sri Lankans change their behavior to have fast foods of developed countries from...

  17. Estimates of US biomass energy consumption 1992

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1994-01-01

    This report is the seventh in a series of publications developed by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to quantify the biomass-derived primary energy used by the US economy. It presents estimates of 1991 and 1992 consumption. The objective of this report is to provide updated estimates of biomass energy consumption for use by Congress, Federal and State agencies, biomass producers and end-use sectors, and the public at large

  18. Energy consumption in the Danish fishery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thrane, Mikkel

    2003-01-01

    Previous studies based on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) in Denmark and Sweden have shown that the fishery is the environmental "hot spot" in the life cycle of fish products. Within the fishery, fuel consumption is one of the most important factors addressed by LCA. The present study reveals...... that there are great differences in the fuel consumption between fisheries targeting ground or shellfish and those targeting pelagic or industrial fish....

  19. Measuring Emotions in the Consumption Experience.

    OpenAIRE

    Richins, Marsha L

    1997-01-01

    Although consumption-related emotions have been studied with increasing frequency in consumer behavior, issues concerning the appropriate way to measure these emotions remain unresolved This article reviews the emotion measures currently used in consumer research and the theories on which they are based; it concludes that the existing measures are unsuited for the purpose of measuring consumption-related emotions. The article describes six empirical studies that assess the domain of consumpti...

  20. Optimal consumption problem in the Vasicek model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jakub Trybuła

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We consider the problem of an optimal consumption strategy on the infinite time horizon based on the hyperbolic absolute risk aversion utility when the interest rate is an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process. Using the method of subsolution and supersolution we obtain the existence of solutions of the dynamic programming equation. We illustrate the paper with a numerical example of the optimal consumption strategy and the value function.