WorldWideScience

Sample records for construction management based

  1. Advanced construction management for lunar base construction - Surface operations planner

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kehoe, Robert P.

    1992-01-01

    The study proposes a conceptual solution and lays the framework for developing a new, sophisticated and intelligent tool for a lunar base construction crew to use. This concept integrates expert systems for critical decision making, virtual reality for training, logistics and laydown optimization, automated productivity measurements, and an advanced scheduling tool to form a unique new planning tool. The concept features extensive use of computers and expert systems software to support the actual work, while allowing the crew to control the project from the lunar surface. Consideration is given to a logistics data base, laydown area management, flexible critical progress scheduler, video simulation of assembly tasks, and assembly information and tracking documentation.

  2. A Case-Based System for Construction Project Risk Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Lan-rong; ZHANG Jin-long

    2002-01-01

    This paper presents a Case-Based system for assisting construction project managers in identifying risk factors and the corresponding construction project risk. The construction project risk identification model captures the case, acquired from previous completed construction projects and experience. A prototype is developed based on the proposed Case-Based system to determine risk factors along with their risk effects.

  3. Web-based Construction Information Management System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Scott

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Centralised information systems that are accessible to all parties in a construction project are powerful tools in the quest to improve efficiency and to enhance the flow of information within the construction industry. This report points out the maturity of the necessary IT technology, the availability and the suitability of existing commercial products.Some of these products have been studied and analysed. An evaluation and selection process based on the functions offered in the products and their utility is presented. A survey of local construction personnel has been used to collect typical weighting data and performance criteria used in the evaluation process.

  4. Applying Sensor-Based Technology to Improve Construction Safety Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Mingyuan; Cao, Tianzhuo; Zhao, Xuefeng

    2017-01-01

    Construction sites are dynamic and complicated systems. The movement and interaction of people, goods and energy make construction safety management extremely difficult. Due to the ever-increasing amount of information, traditional construction safety management has operated under difficult circumstances. As an effective way to collect, identify and process information, sensor-based technology is deemed to provide new generation of methods for advancing construction safety management. It makes the real-time construction safety management with high efficiency and accuracy a reality and provides a solid foundation for facilitating its modernization, and informatization. Nowadays, various sensor-based technologies have been adopted for construction safety management, including locating sensor-based technology, vision-based sensing and wireless sensor networks. This paper provides a systematic and comprehensive review of previous studies in this field to acknowledge useful findings, identify the research gaps and point out future research directions. PMID:28800061

  5. Applying Sensor-Based Technology to Improve Construction Safety Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Mingyuan; Cao, Tianzhuo; Zhao, Xuefeng

    2017-08-11

    Construction sites are dynamic and complicated systems. The movement and interaction of people, goods and energy make construction safety management extremely difficult. Due to the ever-increasing amount of information, traditional construction safety management has operated under difficult circumstances. As an effective way to collect, identify and process information, sensor-based technology is deemed to provide new generation of methods for advancing construction safety management. It makes the real-time construction safety management with high efficiency and accuracy a reality and provides a solid foundation for facilitating its modernization, and informatization. Nowadays, various sensor-based technologies have been adopted for construction safety management, including locating sensor-based technology, vision-based sensing and wireless sensor networks. This paper provides a systematic and comprehensive review of previous studies in this field to acknowledge useful findings, identify the research gaps and point out future research directions.

  6. Construction management

    CERN Document Server

    Pellicer, Eugenio; Teixeira, José C; Moura, Helder P; Catalá, Joaquín

    2014-01-01

    The management of construction projects is a wide ranging and challenging discipline in an increasingly international industry, facing continual challenges and demands for improvements in safety, in quality and cost control, and in the avoidance of contractual disputes. Construction Management grew out of a Leonardo da Vinci project to develop a series of Common Learning Outcomes for European Managers in Construction. Financed by the European Union, the project aimed to develop a library of basic materials for developing construction management skills for use in a pan-European context. Focused exclusively on the management of the construction phase of a building project from the contractor's point of view, Construction Management covers the complete range of topics of which mastery is required by the construction management professional for the effective delivery of new construction projects. With the continued internationalisation of the construction industry, Construction Management will be required rea...

  7. Research on BIM-based Construction Domain Text Information Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shaohua Jiang

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Construction project produces a large amount of unstructured information throughout the whole lifecycle, most of them is text information. Building information modeling (BIM can support lifecycle information management of construction project, so BIM-based construction domain text information integration management can improve the efficiency and quality of project management to a large extent. The concept of BIM and its implementation platform, as well as the data exchange standard, i.e. industry foundation class (IFC, are introduced firstly. Then this paper puts forward a systematic unstructured construction domain text information management system framework, and the implementation of BIM-based text information integration methodology: the unstructured text information is transformed to structured information by means of text mining to facilitate information retrieval and ranking; then the text information is classified according to the IFC standard, and is associated with entities in BIM to realize the integration of text information and BIM. Finally, this paper takes contract document as an example for verification. The proposed method can improve text information management ability and efficiency of construction domain.

  8. Criticality in Location-Based Management of Construction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Büchmann-Slorup, Rolf

    The present thesis adds to the current theory of location-based management (LBM). Research has suggested that LBM is better suited than the prevailing techniques for scheduling and controlling construction projects because it takes continuous work flow, resource limitations, and location conflicts...... into account. The thesis describes how the different constraints in LBM affect a project’s lead time, and how the criticality of the activities changes when LBM is applied, in contrast to the prevailing techniques. It is important for construction managers to understand these changes because current techniques......, the current literature does not include a collected description of what constitute critical activities in LBM. Nor have the implications for scheduling and control efforts of these changes in criticality been described. Accordingly, the present thesis establishes a collected criticality principle of LBM...

  9. Environmental Management of Waste Based on Road Construction Materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damijan Koletnik

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In 2008 the European Council adopted a revised framework for waste management in the EU, with an objective to encourage recycling and reuse of waste, in order to reduce landfills and potential environmental emissions. This framework also sets new recycling targets for construction and demolition waste by 2020, suggesting that at least 70 % of the waste should be recycled. Nigrad d.d. is a utility company providing services to several municipalities in North-East Slovenia. These services include repairs to public roads and pavements. This paper examines the origin, amount and fraction of construction waste produced, identifying current waste management practices. Based on the state-of-the art study new approaches are to be proposed, which will make it possible to decrease environmental impacts and costs, when providing public services and establishing sustainable service systems. To reach this objective a life-cycle analysis of the existing service has been carried out, which will help identify the system parts that have the most significant impact on the environment.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.erem.59.1.681

  10. Tunnel Engineering Construction Schedule Analysis and Management Based on Visual Simulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SONG Yang; ZHONG Wei

    2007-01-01

    The methodology of visual simulation for a tunnel engineering construction schedule is presented. Visualization of simulation model, calculation and result of construction schedule simulation is realized, and the construction simulation and the resource optimization of tunnel engineering are made. A risk analysis and a decision-making method of tunnel engineering construction schedule based on visual simulation are presented. Furthermore, using S curve theory and schedule management method, the real-time management and control method of tunnel engineering construction based on visual simulation is presented. The application to the tunnel engineering construction schedule analysis and management shows the feasibility and effectiveness of the method presented in this paper.

  11. Research on information models for the construction schedule management based on the IFC standard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weirui Xue

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this article is to study the description and extension of the Industry Foundation Classes (IFC standard in construction schedule management, which achieves the information exchange and sharing among the different information systems and stakeholders, and facilitates the collaborative construction in the construction projects. Design/methodology/approach: The schedule information processing and coordination are difficult in the complex construction project. Building Information Modeling (BIM provides the platform for exchanging and sharing information among information systems and stakeholders based on the IFC standard. Through analyzing the schedule plan, implementing, check and control, the information flow in the schedule management is reflected based on the IDEF. According to the IFC4, the information model for the schedule management is established, which not only includes the each aspect of the schedule management, but also includes the cost management, the resource management, the quality management and the risk management. Findings: The information requirement for the construction schedule management can be summarized into three aspects: the schedule plan information, the implementing information and the check and control information. The three aspects can be described through the existing and extended entities of IFC4, and the information models are established. Originality/value: The main contribution of the article is to establish the construction schedule management information model, which achieves the information exchange and share in the construction project, and facilitates the development of the application software to meet the requirements of the construction project.

  12. REGULATORY METHODS OF EFFECTIVE CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT BASED ON PLANNING OF TERRITORIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BRONEVYTSKYI S. P

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. Current state building standard SCN 360-92** «Planning and development of territories of population area» does not perform its primary function of construction management during project construction works, because their development and construction works were carried out during of their development in conditions of administrative-planned system of construction management, implementation of construction works by service of a single customer, the design of residential area of housing construction without private property rights for land area. All this determined the peculiarities of the rationing planning and building of territories, not tied to the land area of a specific construction project. Methodology. To provide the implementation of the national engineering and construction works to the technical standards of the European Union, elimination of corruption schemes in construction management, it is necessary correcting and improving of state construction norms on planning and development of territories of population area with the definition of the limit indicators of construction land area reclamation. Conclusion. The new postulates for the management of construction works to provide sustainable urban development are determined. The need of renewal standard base of territorial planning of construction is determined in countries with economies in transition in accordance with the standards of planning the construction in the countries of the European Union. Originality. The comparative analysis of normative-legal documents of some countries is shown . Practical value. Include proposals for the regulation of construction use of land area for development are proposed .

  13. Construction of Network Management Information System of Agricultural Products Supply Chain Based on 3PLs

    OpenAIRE

    Gao, Shujin; Yang, Qiangxian

    2010-01-01

    The necessity to construct the network management information system of 3PLs agricultural supply chain is analyzed, showing that 3PLs can improve the overall competitive advantage of agricultural supply chain. 3PLs changes the homogeneity management into specialized management of logistics service and achieves the alliance of the subjects at different nodes of agricultural products supply chain. Network management information system structure of agricultural products supply chain based on 3PL...

  14. A system dynamics-based environmental performance simulation of construction waste reduction management in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Zhikun; Yi, Guizhen; Tam, Vivian W Y; Huang, Tengyue

    2016-05-01

    A huge amount of construction waste has been generated from increasingly higher number of construction activities than in the past, which has significant negative impacts on the environment if they are not properly managed. Therefore, effective construction waste management is of primary importance for future sustainable development. Based on the theory of planned behaviors, this paper develops a system dynamic model of construction waste reduction management at the construction phase to simulate the environmental benefits of construction waste reduction management. The application of the proposed model is shown using a case study in Shenzhen, China. Vensim is applied to simulate and analyze the model. The simulation results indicate that source reduction is an effective waste reduction measure which can reduce 27.05% of the total waste generation. Sorting behaviors are a premise for improving the construction waste recycling and reuse rates which account for 15.49% of the total waste generated. The environmental benefits of source reduction outweigh those of sorting behaviors. Therefore, to achieve better environmental performance of the construction waste reduction management, attention should be paid to source reduction such as low waste technologies and on-site management performance. In the meantime, sorting behaviors encouragement such as improving stakeholders' waste awareness, refining regulations, strengthening government supervision and controlling illegal dumping should be emphasized.

  15. Prototype Development of an ICT System to Support Construction Management Based on Virtual Models and RFID

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Kristian Birch; Christiansson, Per; Svidt, Kjeld

    2009-01-01

    early example) of an ICT system was carried out to identify and formalise user needs in relation to construction management based on virtual models and radio frequency identification (RFID). The prototype was developed to support working processes in real-time project progress management, quality...

  16. A BIM-based approach to reusing construction firm’s management information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhiliang Ma

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays most construction firms have begun to use information management systems in their business to work more efficiently. At the same time, a lot of management information is being accumulated and some of the information can be reused to support the decision-making. Up to now, the information has not been reused so effectively in construction firms as expected. This paper introduces a new approach to reusing construction firm’s management information, which is based on BIM (Building Information Modeling technology. In the paper, the current approaches are reviewed at first, and then the framework of the new approach is described. Next, the key issues of the new approach are clarified. Finally, a use case of the new approach is demonstrated. It is concluded that the new approach can be used in construction firms to better reuse the accumulated management information.

  17. Role of Nanfan Base and Recommendations about Construction and Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hongbo DUAN; Yang DAI; Xiangping LIU; Zhixin LI; Xiaomin ZHANG

    2015-01-01

    This paper first analyzes the important role of Nanfan Base in China: " accelerator" for breeding new varieties of crops; " unallocated store" to ensure the varieties for agricultural production; " lightning rod" to ensure the quality and safety of seeds; " big stage" for variety and technical exchanges and cooperation; " big school" for cultivating seed industry technology talents; " booster" for promoting local economic development. Then it points out the main problems about Nanfan Base and finally sets forth the relevant recommendations.

  18. Construction of Network Management Information System of Agricultural Products Supply Chain Based on 3PLs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The necessity to construct the network management information system of 3PLs agricultural supply chain is analyzed,showing that 3PLs can improve the overall competitive advantage of agricultural supply chain.3PLs changes the homogeneity management into specialized management of logistics service and achieves the alliance of the subjects at different nodes of agricultural products supply chain.Network management information system structure of agricultural products supply chain based on 3PLs is constructed,including the four layers (the network communication layer,the hardware and software environment layer,the database layer,and the application layer) and 7 function modules (centralized control,transportation process management,material and vehicle scheduling,customer relationship,storage management,customer inquiry,and financial management).Framework for the network management information system of agricultural products supply chain based on 3PLs is put forward.The management of 3PLs mainly includes purchasing management,supplier relationship management,planning management,customer relationship management,storage management and distribution management.Thus,a management system of internal and external integrated agricultural enterprises is obtained.The network management information system of agricultural products supply chain based on 3PLs has realized the effective sharing of enterprise information of agricultural products supply chain at different nodes,establishing a long-term partnership revolving around the 3PLs core enterprise,as well as a supply chain with stable relationship based on the supply chain network system,so as to improve the circulation efficiency of agricultural products,and to explore the sales market for agricultural products.

  19. Construction of APR1000 nuclear power information management system based on international standards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Seung Hwan [Korea Electric Power Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Song, Deok Yong; Han, Byung Sub [Enesys Co., Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); An, Kyung Ik; Hwang, Jin Sang [PartDB Co., Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-10-15

    In recent years, due to speedy rise of international oil prices, orders of nuclear power plant construction have been in progress by many countries to solve the stable supply of power. Our country has continued to perform nuclear power construction. As only a few developed countries like Japan and European countries have its own nuclear power construction technology, competition among them is keen. Our country has awarded the contract of UAE nuclear power plants based on the accumulated nuclear power plant construction technologies so far. In this regard, KEPCO has recognized the needs of information management system to manage nuclear power information and proceeded the implementation of nuclear power information management system for export-model

  20. Fuzzy Optimization of Construction Engineering Project Schedule Based on Critical Chain Management

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Jianbing; Ren, Hong; Junshu DU

    2013-01-01

    Critical chain management was the very important theory innovation in the development of construction project schedule management field in recent years. Compared with the traditional methods of construction project schedule management, the methods of critical chain management considered resource constraints into construction project schedule management, the construction project cycle was shortened and the efficiency was enhanced by using the dynamic thinking and circulation pattern to manage ...

  1. Construction waste management based on industrial management models: a Swedish case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stenis, Jan

    2005-02-01

    This paper describes a methodology for estimating the true internal costs of construction waste, aimed at promoting environmentally friendly waste management. The study employs cost-benefit analysis, contribution margin analysis, the polluter-pays principle and a mathematical model: the model for Efficient Use of Resources for Optimal Production Economy (EUROPE), which has been introduced previously by the author for assigning industrial costs to waste. The calculations are performed on construction waste created in a case study of a building project. Moreover, waste is regarded as, in a business sense, having the same basic status as any normal industrial product, namely the 'equality principle'. Application of the methodology is suggested to create incentives for environmental and profitability improvement in construction companies and other types of industrial sectors. The results of the case study show the generation of construction waste to substantially decrease the final operating income, due to the internal shadow price cost it creates. This paper is intended to reduce the gap between the choice of waste management procedures and their economic impact, the overall objective being to accomplish an improved industrial environmental situation.

  2. Construction program management

    CERN Document Server

    Delaney, Joseph

    2013-01-01

    Although construction is one of the largest industries in the United States, it lags behind other industries in its implementation of modern management techniques such as those contained in the Standard for Program Management (the Standard) by the Project Management Institute (PMI(R)). Construction Program Management details the successful use of the PMI(R) approach for the construction of capital programs. It demonstrates, through case studies, how implementation of PMI's set of tools and techniques can improve the chances of program success. Exploring tactical and strategic management method

  3. Operations management for construction

    CERN Document Server

    March, Chris

    2009-01-01

    Students studying construction management and related subjects need to have a broad understanding of the major aspects of controlling the building processes. Operations Management for Construction is one of three textbooks (Business Organisation, Operations Management and Finance Control) written to systematically cover the field. Focusing on construction sites and operations which are challenging to run, Chris March explores issues such as the setting up of the site, the deciding of the methodology of construction, and the sequence of work and resourcing. As changing and increasing regulations affect the way sites are managed, he also considers the issues and methods of successful administering, safety, quality and environment. Finally, the contractor's responsibility to the environment, including relationships with third parties, selection of materials, waste management and sustainability is discussed. Chris March has a wealth of practical experience in the construction industry, as well as considerable exp...

  4. Risk management in construction company

    OpenAIRE

    Nučič, Jernej

    2011-01-01

    In master's thesis I discuss the field of risk management process in construction projects from the viewpoint of a building contractor. I present risk overview, previous research in this area and a new approach to risk analysis in construction by project components. The proposed methodology for risk management in a construction company, described in this thesis is based on the proposed checklist. Proposed checklist includes all identified risks in terms of building contractor and ...

  5. On the weak project construction cost management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高守刚; 姜婧; 李玲

    2013-01-01

    the weak cost management is the most talked about topics in the weak industry, but also the basis of the weak construction business management and focus. With the increasingly fierce market competition, weak construction enterprises, the competition among enterprises wil gradual y transition from product quality competition to price competition. To strengthen the management of the weak construction enterprises cost, cut public spending ef iciency, improve market competitiveness, wil be the main way most weak construction corporate earnings and long-term business strategy. Based on the to weak project construction cost management based on analysis of the type of project construction costs, and further proposed the weak project construction cost management measures.

  6. Fuzzy Optimization of Construction Engineering Project Schedule Based on Critical Chain Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianbing LIU

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Critical chain management was the very important theory innovation in the development of construction project schedule management field in recent years. Compared with the traditional methods of construction project schedule management, the methods of critical chain management considered resource constraints into construction project schedule management, the construction project cycle was shortened and the efficiency was enhanced by using the dynamic thinking and circulation pattern to manage whole project. In view of the progress of critical chain management of the article, fuzzy theory  was used to calculate and optimize the buffer zone sizes with the determination of the buffer size of  the existing resources in certain critical chain management so as to shorten the cycle..

  7. Prototype Development of an ICT System to Support Construction Management Based on Virtual Models and RFID

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Kristian Birch; Christiansson, Per; Svidt, Kjeld

    2009-01-01

    assurance and inventory management. In this paper a number of user needs for future ICT systems are presented. The needs are captured during the prototype development process and include that future ICT systems must be more user-friendly, enable object-oriented quality assurance procedures, capture data......There is a need to develop new information and communication technology (ICT) systems with better support of the contractor's working practice in order to gain more advantages from the virtual models created during the design of buildings. For this reason, a Contextual Design of a prototype (an...... early example) of an ICT system was carried out to identify and formalise user needs in relation to construction management based on virtual models and radio frequency identification (RFID). The prototype was developed to support working processes in real-time project progress management, quality...

  8. METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF THE OPTIMIZATION OF ORGANIZATIONAL MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE AT IMPLEMENTING THE MAJOR CONSTRUCTION ENTERPRISE STRATEGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodionova Svetlana Vladimirovna

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Planning and implementation of innovations on the microlevel of management and on the higher levels is a process of innovative projects portfolio implementation. Project management is aimed at some goal; therefore, defining the mission and aims of implementation is of primary importance. These are the part of the notion of development strategy of an enterprise. Creating a strategy for big construction holding companies is complicated by the necessity to account for different factors effecting each business-block and subsidiary companies. The authors specify an algorithm of development and implementation of the activity strategy of a big construction enterprise. A special importance of the correspondence of organizational management structure to the implemented strategy is shown. The innovative character of organizational structure change is justified. The authors offer methods to optimize the organizational management structure based on communication approach with the use of the elements graph theory. The offered methodological provisions are tested on the example of the Russian JSC “RZhDstroy”.

  9. Research on information models for the construction schedule management based on the IFC standard

    OpenAIRE

    Weirui Xue; Yaowu Wang; Qingpeng Man

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this article is to study the description and extension of the Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) standard in construction schedule management, which achieves the information exchange and sharing among the different information systems and stakeholders, and facilitates the collaborative construction in the construction projects. Design/methodology/approach: The schedule information processing and coordination are difficult in the complex construction project. Building In...

  10. A web-based Decision Support System for the optimal management of construction and demolition waste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banias, G; Achillas, Ch; Vlachokostas, Ch; Moussiopoulos, N; Papaioannou, I

    2011-12-01

    Wastes from construction activities constitute nowadays the largest by quantity fraction of solid wastes in urban areas. In addition, it is widely accepted that the particular waste stream contains hazardous materials, such as insulating materials, plastic frames of doors, windows, etc. Their uncontrolled disposal result to long-term pollution costs, resource overuse and wasted energy. Within the framework of the DEWAM project, a web-based Decision Support System (DSS) application - namely DeconRCM - has been developed, aiming towards the identification of the optimal construction and demolition waste (CDW) management strategy that minimises end-of-life costs and maximises the recovery of salvaged building materials. This paper addresses both technical and functional structure of the developed web-based application. The web-based DSS provides an accurate estimation of the generated CDW quantities of twenty-one different waste streams (e.g. concrete, bricks, glass, etc.) for four different types of buildings (residential, office, commercial and industrial). With the use of mathematical programming, the DeconRCM provides also the user with the optimal end-of-life management alternative, taking into consideration both economic and environmental criteria. The DSS's capabilities are illustrated through a real world case study of a typical five floor apartment building in Thessaloniki, Greece.

  11. Management of investment-construction projects basing on the matrix of key events

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morozenko Andrey Aleksandrovich

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The article considers the current problematic issues in the management of investment-construction projects, examines the questions of efficiency increase of construction operations on the basis of the formation of a reflex-adaptive organizational structure. The authors analyzed the necessity of forming a matrix of key events in the investment-construction project (ICP, which will create the optimal structure of the project, basing on the work program for its implementation. For convenience of representing programs of the project implementation in time the authors make recommendations to consolidate the works into separate, economically independent functional blocks. It is proposed to use an algorithm of forming the matrix of an investment-construction project, considering the economic independence of the functional blocks and stages of the ICP implementation. The use of extended network model is justified, which is supplemented by organizational and structural constraints at different stages of the project, highlighting key events fundamentally influencing the further course of the ICP implementation.

  12. MANAGEMENT OF RISKS BASED ON INTERACTION BETWEEN CONSTRUCTION EXPERT AND CUSTOMER ORGANIZATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Александр Васильевич Харитонович

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes problems connected to management of risk and key characteristics of interaction of construction expert and organization-customer of expert services. We have conducted the analysis of different schemes used for management of risk, their advantages and disadvantages. In addition authors describe the main opportunities that appear in the organization as a result of the systematic engagement of an external expert at different stages of investment and construction project (getting recommendations aimed at improving of the organization adaptability to changes and risks; improving the efficiency of management of investment and construction projects etc..

  13. Improving construction performance through supply chain management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王要武; 薛小龙

    2004-01-01

    A typical model of construction supply chain (CSC) is presented firstly. Then the characteristics and problems of CSC are identified. The authors also describe the progress towards adoption of supply chain management (SCM) in the construction industry. Traditional construction management approaches (CMAs) are compared with new SCM-based CMAs. The authors suggest that integrated SCM based on cooperating competition is crucial to improve construction performance. Based on relevant results from related research, a framework for integrated construction supply chain management (CSCM) is developed to guide the effective implementation of SCM in construction.

  14. Implementation of Case-Based Reasoning System for Knowledge Management of Power Plant Construction Projects in a Korean Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jang, Gil-Sang

    Recently, plant construction industries are enjoying a favorable business climate centering around developing countries and oil producing countries rich in oil money. This paper proposes a methodology of implementing corporation-wide case-based reasoning (CBR) system for effectively managing lessons learned knowledge like experiences and know-how obtained in performing power plant construction projects. Our methodology is consisted of 10 steps: user requirement analysis, information modeling, case modeling, case base design, similarity function design, user interface design, case base building, CBR module development, user interface development, integration test. Also, to illustrate the usability of proposed methodology, the practical CBR system is implemented for the plant construction business division of ’H’ company which has international competitiveness in the field of plant construction industry. At present, our CBR system is successfully utilizing as storing, sharing, and reusing the knowledge which is accumulated in performing power plant construction projects in the target enterprise.

  15. Research and Design of Network Management Construction Based on Mobile AGENT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The technical characters of mobile agent (MA) originated in the distributional artificial intelligence domain is introduced. A network management construc- tion based on agent (NMCA) is then proposed. The NMCA structure features are elaborated in detail. A prototype design of NMCA is given by using the jKQML programming. The establishment of NMCA platform will be helpful to reduce the correspondence load of network management and improves the efficiency and the expansion ability of network management systems.

  16. 基于流程管理特性的施工成本管控研究%Research on Construction Cost Management Based on Process Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙彬; 李正中; 王春梅; 程棋锋

    2013-01-01

    The outstanding problems in construction cost management is systematically analyzed, the concepts and methods of process management are introduced. Moreover, based on the characteristics of the construction project and the features of cost management, the cost management liability system is established, the cost management elements table in construction stage is drawn. Finally matrix flow chart of the construction cost management for construction enterprises is set up, so the cost management from procedure management to process management are made. Then,the flow chart makes process management and cost management fully integrated,not only covers all stages of the construction and clears the logical connections of cost management, but also associates with the all levels departments and managers and makes the responsibility and cost responsibility coordination and harmonization in cost management, in order to ach: eve the refinement cost management for construction cost.%系统分析现阶段施工成本管控工作中存在的突出问题,引入流程管理概念及方法,基于施工项目特点及成本管控特性,依次建立成本管控责任制度,并绘制出施工环节成本管控要素表,最终为施工企业搭建出施工成本管控的矩阵式流程图,将其由工序管理转变为流程管理.所设计的流程图,将流程管理与施工成本管控充分结合,不仅涵盖了施工全阶段并明确了成本管控各项工作的逻辑联系,而且关联到施工各部门及各级管理人员,并使其工作责任与成本责任在成本管控过程中得到协调和统一,从而实现对施工成本的精细化管控.

  17. Construction of BIM-based SMART-ITL Facility Management System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jeon, Woo-Jin; Yi, Sung-Jae; Park, Hyun-Sik; Ryu, Sung-Uk; Bae, Hwang [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Hwang, Sang-Chul; Min, Byung-Eui [DDRsoft Co., Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-10-15

    The flow area and volume are scaled down to 1/49. The ratio of the hydraulic diameter is 1/7. Therefore, SMART-ITL is a large-scale thermalhydraulic test facility with about 45 m height, which is consisted of 10 m underground and 35 m from the ground level. Until now, the management of design data and maintenance of large scale test facilities have been managed based on hard-copy information. Recently, Thermal Hydraulics Safety Research Division (THSRD) at Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI) has developed Facility Management System (FMS) based Building Information Modeling (BIM) to manage its design data more effectively for these large scale test facilities of SMART-ITL and ATLAS, and this BIM technology has been applied to SMART-ITL at the first. This study proposed a method of effective management and maintenance of design data applied to the SMART-ITL. That is, a FMS was developed based on the BIM technology for SMART-ITL. Figure 2 shows an overview of FMS development process based on BIM technology. SMART-ITL FMS facilitates its management and maintenance more effectively and accurately by 3- dimensional visualization. It enables the shape information of large scale test facilities to be visualized intuitively in a virtual space, and the efficient maintenance of data and instruments is possible by linking 3D shape information.

  18. Study of Evaluation OSH Management System Policy Based On Safety Culture Dimensions in Construction Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latief, Yusuf; Armyn Machfudiyanto, Rossy; Arifuddin, Rosmariani; Mahendra Fira Setiawan, R.; Yogiswara, Yoko

    2017-07-01

    Safety Culture in the construction industry is very influential on the socio economic conditions that resulted in the country’s competitiveness. Based on the data, the accident rate of construction projects in Indonesia is very high. In the era of the Asian Economic Community (AEC) Indonesian contractor is required to improve competitiveness, one of which is the implementation of the project without zero accident. Research using primary and secondary data validated the results of the literature experts and questionnaire respondents were analyzed using methods SmartPLS, obtained pattern of relationships between dimensions of safety culture to improve the performance of Safety. The results showed that the behaviors and Cost of Safety into dimensions that significantly affect the performance of safety. an increase in visible policy-based on Regulation of Public Work and Housing No 5/PRT/M/2014 to improve to lower the accident rate.

  19. Workshop presentation: research guidelines for Construction Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Alvise Bragadin

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays the European economic system challenges the construction sector to take part to industrial recovery of western countries. In co-operation with the Construction Production research group of the Tampere University of of research about construction management tools and methods were detected. Research guidelines: 1 Construction management: tools and methods to manage construction projects 2 environmental impact of construction projects 3 construction management and safety 4 project procurement 5 construction management for major public works & complex projects

  20. RISK MANAGEMENT IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    V. Sankara Subramaniyan; K. Veerakumar

    2017-01-01

    Construction industry is highly risk prone, with complex and dynamic project environments which create an atmosphere of high uncertainty and risk. The industry is vulnerable to various technical, socio-political and business risks. The track record to cope with these risks has not been very good in construction industry. Risk management is a concept which becomes very popular in a number of businesses. Many companies often establish a risk management procedure in their projects for improving ...

  1. THE DEVELOPMENT OF MATERIAL FLOW INFORMATION BASE OF MANAGEMENT AND ACCOUNTING IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Degaltseva Z. V.

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the problems of using indicators of material flow in the financial accounting management accounting system. The authors have created and described the classification of material costs in building units. It allows solving the problems of object of research specifying within a given material flow and inventory control within a given logistics systems. There are different approaches to the valuation of material costs in the article. An important aspect of measures for the integration development of accounting systems is the adoption of uniform valuation of building materials and structures. It is proved that the most rational combination of these types of records achieved by an adapted classification and measurement of building materials and structures to the conditions of formation of the budget for the project volume of construction works and the reflection of the actual volume of work in the financial accounting system. On the basis of the accounting policies and the organizational structure of the object of investigation of "Kubanstroykompleks" we have identified responsibility centers (sites for costs related to the material flow: Department of logistics and packaging and warehousing, which consists of a central and railroad warehouse

  2. Enterprise risk management in international construction operations

    CERN Document Server

    Zhao, Xianbo; Low, Sui Pheng

    2015-01-01

    This book provides readers an understanding of the implementation of Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) for international construction operations. In an extended case study, it primarily focuses on Chinese construction firms (CCFs) based in Singapore. In this regard, the book explains the differences and similarities between Risk Management (RM), Project Risk Management (PRM) and ERM in the construction industry, and examines their linkages for international construction operations in a broader context. The explanation elaborates on how companies may adopt and implement RM, PRM and ERM as appropriate in their various operations, both in their home market as well as in overseas host markets. The book also reviews the whole spectrum of work relating to organizational behavior (OB) as one of the key underpinnings for companies to evaluate and implement ERM. It will benefit practitioners from the industry as well as academics interested in the implementation of ERM practices in international construction operat...

  3. Workshop presentation: research guidelines for Construction Management

    OpenAIRE

    Marco Alvise Bragadin

    2013-01-01

    Nowadays the European economic system challenges the construction sector to take part to industrial recovery of western countries. In co-operation with the Construction Production research group of the Tampere University of of research about construction management tools and methods were detected. Research guidelines: 1) Construction management: tools and methods to manage construction projects 2) environmental impact of construction projects 3) construction management and safety 4) project p...

  4. A Rule-Based Expert System for Construction and Demolition Waste Management

    OpenAIRE

    Leila Ooshaksaraie; Alireza Mardookhpour

    2011-01-01

    Problem statement: The construction industry generates lots of construction waste which caused significant impacts on the environment and aroused growing public concern in the local community. Construction waste is becoming a serious environmental problem in many large cities in the world. Approach: In recent years, expert systems have been used extensively in different applications areas including environmental studies. In this study, expert system software -CDWM- developed by using Microsof...

  5. Human Factors Simulation in Construction Management Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaeger, M.; Adair, D.

    2010-01-01

    Successful construction management depends primarily on the representatives of the involved construction project parties. In addition to effective application of construction management tools and concepts, human factors impact significantly on the processes of any construction management endeavour. How can human factors in construction management…

  6. Lunar base construction requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jolly, Steve; Helleckson, Brent

    1990-01-01

    The following viewgraph presentation is a review of the Lunar Base Constructibility Study carried out in the spring and summer of 1990. The objective of the study was to develop a method for evaluating the constructibility of Phase A proposals to build facilities on orbit or on extraterrestrial surfaces. Space construction was broadly defined as all forms of assembly, disassembly, connection, disconnection, deployment, stowage, excavation, emplacement, activation, test, transportation, etc., required to create facilities in orbit and on the surfaces of other celestial bodies. It was discovered that decisions made in the face of stated and unstated assumptions early in the design process (commonly called Phase A) can lock in non-optimal construction methods. Often, in order to construct the design, alterations must be made to the design during much later phases of the project. Such 'fixes' can be very difficult, expensive, or perhaps impossible. Assessing constructibility should thus be a part of the iterative design process, starting with the Phase A studies and continuing through production. This study assumes that there exists a minimum set of key construction requirements (i.e., questions whose answers form the set of discriminators) that must be implied or specified in order to assess the constructibility of the design. This set of construction requirements constitutes a 'constructibility filter' which then becomes part of the iterative design process. Five inherently different, dichotomous design reference missions were used in the extraction of these requirements to assure the depth and breath of the list.

  7. Conceptual Model for Systematic Construction Waste Management

    OpenAIRE

    Abd Rahim Mohd Hilmi Izwan; Kasim Narimah

    2017-01-01

    Development of the construction industry generated construction waste which can contribute towards environmental issues. Weaknesses of compliance in construction waste management especially in construction site have also contributed to the big issues of waste generated in landfills and illegal dumping area. This gives sign that construction projects are needed a systematic construction waste management. To date, a comprehensive criteria of construction waste management, particularly for const...

  8. Group Selection and Learning for a Lab-Based Construction Management Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solanki, Pranshoo; Kothari, Nidhi

    2014-01-01

    In construction industries' projects, working in groups is a normal practice. Group work in a classroom is defined as students working collaboratively in a group so that everyone can participate on a collective task. The results from literature review indicate that group work is more effective method of learning as compared to individual work.…

  9. Sustainability Base Construction Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mewhinney, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Construction of the new Sustainability Base Collaborative support facility, expected to become the highest performing building in the federal government continues at NASA's Ames Research Center, Moffet Field, Calif. The new building is designed to achieve a platinum rating under the leadership in Energy and Environment Design (LEED) new construction standards for environmentally sustainable construction developed by the U. S. Green Building Council, Washington, D. C. When completed by the end of 2011, the $20.6 million building will feature near zero net energy consumption, use 90 percent less potable water than conventionally build buildings of equivalent size, and will result in reduced building maintenance costs.

  10. Construct Measurement in Management Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Bo Bernhard

    2014-01-01

    Far too often do management scholars resort to crude and often inappropriate measures of fundamental constructs in their research; an approach which calls in question the interpretation and validity of their findings. Scholars often legitimize poor choices in measurement with a lack of availability...... of better measures and/or that they are simply following existing research in adopting previously published measures without critically assessing the validity, appropriateness, and applicability of such measures in terms of the focal study. Motivated by a recent dialog in Journal of Business Research......, this research note raises important questions about the use of proxies in management research and argues for greater care in operationalizing constructs with particular attention to matching levels of theory and measurement....

  11. Construction quality management principles and good practice

    CERN Document Server

    Watson, Paul

    2011-01-01

    Quality management is essential for facilitating the competitiveness of modern day commercial organizations. Excellence in quality management is a requisite for construction organizations who seek to remain competitive and successful. The challenges presented by competitive construction markets and large projects that are dynamic and complex necessitate the adoption and application of quality management approaches. This textbook is written in line with the ISO 9001:2008 standard and provides a comprehensive evaluation of quality management systems and tools. Their effectiveness in achieving project objectives is explored, as well as applications in corporate performance enhancement. Both the strategic and operational dimensions of quality assurance are addressed by focusing on providing models of best practice. The reader is supported throughout by concise and clear explanations and with self-assessment questions. Practical case study examples show how various evaluative-based quality management systems and t...

  12. Flexible software process lines in practice: A metamodel-based approach to effectively construct and manage families of software process models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuhrmann, Marco; Ternité, Thomas; Friedrich, Jan

    2017-01-01

    Process flexibility and adaptability is frequently discussed, and several proposals aim to improve software processes for a given organization-/project context. A software process line (SPrL) is an instrument to systematically construct and manage variable software processes, by combining pre-def......: A metamodel-based approach to effectively construct and manage families of software process models [Ku16]. This paper was published as original research article in the Journal of Systems and Software....

  13. The Construction and Study of Nansi Lake Water Environment Management Platform Based on WebGIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU; Qiu-xiao

    2012-01-01

    According to targets and needs of Nansi Lake water eco-environment management, we took the advantages that WebGIS serves as an overall solution, combined characteristic of SuperMap IS.net WebGIS service platform and adopted the B/S three-tier distributed architecture to put forward the overall design idea, function structure and structure scheme of Nansihu water eco-environment assessment and management WebGIS. Subsequently, we used the C# programming language to carry out the concrete development job, and figured out a scheme to store and disseminate space data and attributes data. Ultimately, with the aid of SuperMap's large-scale spatial database engine SDX+, the system has realized a lot of functions such as spatial information search, hydrology and water quality information inquiry and statistics, water environment quality assessment, lake eutrophication assessment, embodying the visualization of systems analysis sufficiently. The system has been mainly studied and developed in the technology of lake eco-environment management, and also provided an intuitionistic, universal, convenient and reliable management tool for Nansihu water eco-environment management.

  14. The Construction and Study of Nansi Lake Water Environment Management Platform Based on WebGIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU; Qiu-xiao

    2012-01-01

    According to targets and needs of Nansi Lake water eco-environment management, we took the advantages that WebGIS serves as an overall solution, combined characteristic of SuperMap IS.net WebGIS service platform and adopted the B/S three-tier distributed architecture to put forward the overall design idea, function structure and structure scheme of Nansihu water eco-environment assessment and management WebGIS. Subsequently, we used the C# programming language to carry out the concrete development job, and figured out a scheme to store and disseminate space data and attributes data. Ultimately, with the aid of SuperMap’s large-scale spatial database engine SDX+, the system has realized a lot of functions such as spatial information search, hydrology and water quality information inquiry and statistics, water environment quality assessment, lake eutrophication assessment, embodying the visualization of systems analysis sufficiently. The system has been mainly studied and developed in the technology of lake eco-environment management, and also provided an intuitionistic, universal, convenient and reliable management tool for Nansihu water eco-environment management.

  15. Productivity improvement in engineering-procure-construct projects through a value stream based scope change management system

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    M.Ing. (Engineering Management) This dissertation provides a study of productivity improvement to project Scope Change Management (SCM) processes in the Engineer-Procure-Construct (EPC) project environment using lean techniques. The motivation for carrying out this study was, to optimise the typical scope change management systems to improve efficiency and most importantly the process productivity. It aims to present a conceptual approach to reduce bottom line impact brought about by the m...

  16. Managing Client Values in Construction Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thyssen, Mikael Hygum; Emmitt, Stephen; Bonke, Sten

    2008-01-01

    In construction projects the client will comprise both owner, end-users, and the wider society, representatives of which may have conflicting goals and values; and these may not be fully realized by the stakeholders themselves. Therefore it is a great challenge to capture and manage the values....... The management challenge is further complicated by the fact that the delivery team, who are to understand and deliver client value, consists of even more different parties. To address this a Danish engineering consultancy company has, together with a major contractor, developed a value-based workshop method...... for capturing and managing client values within a lean framework. This paper describes the initial findings of a joint research project between academia and industry practitioners that seeks to develop the workshop method to create a state of the art approach in construction design management. This includes...

  17. Guidelines for Development of a Base Comprehensive Plan to Manage Military Construction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-09-01

    Communications - Transportation * Facilities - Energy - Architectural Compatibility - Landscape Planning / Design - Facilities Development - Fire Protection 38...Guidelines - Base Landscape Development Plan: 1. Landscape Design 2. Landscape Planning 3. Landscape Development Phasing M. Long Range Facilities

  18. Simulation-Based Fuzzy Logic Approach to Assessing the Effect of Project Quality Management on Construction Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto A. Corona-Suárez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports the development of an approach to integrate the appropriate modeling techniques for estimating the effect of project quality management (PQM on construction performance. This modeling approach features a causal structure that depicts the interaction among the PQM factors affecting quality performance in a given construction operation. In addition, it makes use of fuzzy sets and fuzzy logic in order to incorporate the subjectivity and uncertainty implicit in the performance assessment of these PQM factors to discrete-event simulation models. The outcome is a simulation approach that allows experimenting with different performance levels of the PQM practices implemented in a construction project and obtaining the corresponding productivity estimates of the construction operations. These estimates are intended to facilitate the decision making regarding the improvement of a PQM system implemented in a construction project. A case study is used to demonstrate the usefulness of the proposed simulation approach for evaluating diverse performance improvement alternatives for a PQM system.

  19. The Mental Demands of Marine Ecosystem-Based Management: A Constructive Developmental Lens (by V. G. DeLauer, 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Jordan

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Reviewed by Thomas Jordan Our societies face a number of challenging issues that are both important, because of their impact on the wellbeing of people and nature, and complex, because many causal and conditioning factors and diverse stakeholders are involved. We find such issues in many areas, such as climate change, biodiversity, environmental pollution, intractable conflicts, crime, unhealthy lifestyles, drug abuse, mobbing, etc. Arguably, building capacities to skillfully manage complex societal issues should be a central concern for many of us. I believe most readers of this journal share a belief that the field of adult development sits on a treasure of insight that could contribute very significantly to our understanding of how we could build such capacities. However, the number of solid empirical studies using a developmental perspective on meaning-making among people with crucial roles in organizations and initiatives working on issues of great societal significance is still small. I was therefore very satisfied, not to say thrilled, when I stumbled upon Verna DeLauer’s doctoral dissertation The Mental Demands of Marine Ecosystem-Based Management: A Constructive Developmental Lens. DeLauer has, in my view, written a doctoral dissertation

  20. Managing Client Values in Construction Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thyssen, Mikael Hygum; Emmitt, Stephen; Bonke, Sten

    2008-01-01

    In construction projects the client will comprise both owner, end-users, and the wider society, representatives of which may have conflicting goals and values; and these may not be fully realized by the stakeholders themselves. Therefore it is a great challenge to capture and manage the values...... of the multiple stakeholders that constitutes the “client”. However, seeing client satisfaction as the end-goal of construction it is imperative to make client values explicit in the early project phase and make sure that these values are reflected in all subsequent phases of design and construction....... The management challenge is further complicated by the fact that the delivery team, who are to understand and deliver client value, consists of even more different parties. To address this a Danish engineering consultancy company has, together with a major contractor, developed a value-based workshop method...

  1. Management for Construction Materials and Control of Construction Waste in Construction Industry: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Gulghane

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In recent treads a wide range of building materials is available for the construction of civil engineering structures. The total cost of materials may be up to 60% or more of the total cost incurred in construction project dependent upon the type of project. Effective construction materials management is a key to success for a construction project. Construction waste is another serious problem in construction industry. A large and various types of construction waste with different characteristics are created at all the stages of construction. Construction industries have a larger part in contributing environmental problems. The economic and environmental benefits must be gained from construction waste minimization. This paper presents a review on systematically investigation of the management of construction materials and construction waste, material management techniques, control of construction waste and existing situation of construction management and construction waste in the industry.

  2. Lean construction management the Toyota way

    CERN Document Server

    Gao, Shang

    2014-01-01

    The book presents a mixed research method adopted to assess and present the Toyota Way practices within construction firms in general and for firms in China specifically. The results of an extensive structured questionnaire survey based on the Toyota Way-styled attributes identified were developed, and data collected from building professionals working in construction firms is presented. The quantitative data presented in the book explains the status quo of the Toyota Way-styled practices implemented in the construction industry, as well as the extent to which these attributes were perceived for lean construction management. The book highlights all the actionable attributes derived from the Toyota Way model appreciated by the building professionals, but alerts the readers that some attributes felled short of implementation. Further findings from in-depth interviews and case studies are also presented in the book to provide to readers an understanding how these Toyota Way practices can be implemented in real-l...

  3. Application Researchof Activity-based Costing Management in the Construction with Construction Enterprises%基于作业成本管理在建筑企业施工中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李慧明

    2012-01-01

    以作业成本管理理论为基础,研究了建筑施工企业的作业成本核算以及计算模型,通过对作业成本管理应用和导入作业成本管理理论与方案设计的分析,比较了施工企业与项目管理作业.结果表明,其作业成本管理模式完全适用于建筑施工企业作业成本的管理,并能够有效地对建筑施工企业的作业成本进行有效控制.图1,参5.%Based on the theory of Activity-based costing management, Activity-based Costing accounting and computational model of construction enterprises was studied, through the analysis of operating cost management application and the import job cost management theory and program design, comparing the construction enterprise project management job. The results show that the operating cost management mode is completely suitable for construction enterprises operating cost management and effective control of the operating costs of the construction enternrises.1figs. ,5refs.

  4. Sustainable Management of Construction and Demolition Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    This web page discusses how to sustainably manage construction and demolition materials, Information covers, what they are, and how builders, construction crews, demolition teams,and deign practitioners can divert C&D from landfills.

  5. Mega Construction Projects: using stakeholder management for enhanced sustainable construction

    OpenAIRE

    Eyiah-Botwe, E; Aigbavboa, C; Thwala, WD

    2016-01-01

    The need for mega construction projects development for accelerated socio-economic growth is long overdue for developing countries. Some studies have considered stakeholder management and sustainable construction concepts separately without exploring the simultaneous use for mega projects delivery. This paper reviews the two concepts and suggests a process for enhanced sustainable construction delivery. This study forms part of a broader Ph.D. study on “Development of sustainable ...

  6. Supply Chain Management In Construction Revealed

    OpenAIRE

    Dr. Ghaith Al-Werikat

    2015-01-01

    The construction supply chain plays a major role in the construction market competition. Construction supply chain management assists enterprises by helping to improve competitiveness increase profits and have more control over the different factors and variables within the project. This paper discusses the construction supply chain characteristics challenges and problems supply chains encounter and the benefits of an integrated supply chain in the construction sector.

  7. Management for Construction Materials and Control of Construction Waste in Construction Industry: A Review

    OpenAIRE

    A. A. Gulghane; Prof P. V. Khandve

    2015-01-01

    In recent treads a wide range of building materials is available for the construction of civil engineering structures. The total cost of materials may be up to 60% or more of the total cost incurred in construction project dependent upon the type of project. Effective construction materials management is a key to success for a construction project. Construction waste is another serious problem in construction industry. A large and various types of construction waste with different...

  8. Embending Sustainability Dynamics in the Lean Construction Supply Chain Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sertyesilisik Begum

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The world’s habitat is being deteriorated despite of the precautions taken. Construction industry is among the industries which highly effect the environment adversely not only through its outputs but also through the construction process and its inputs. The main focus in dealing with the reduction of its footprint has been on sustainable building certificates which mainly analyse the output of the construction activies. There is need to analyse the construction supply chain as a whole and to embed sustainability dynamics in construction supply chain management. Lean construction project management contributes to the reduction of the environmental footprint of the construction industry, enabling reduction in waste, and increasing value added activities. For this reason, based on an in depth literature review, this paper analyses and establishes the principles of the integration of the sustainability dynamics into lean construction supply chain management.

  9. Computer Technology in Construction Project Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Zhi

    2014-01-01

    Today, the network information has become a trend al of the industries have to face. For the construction project management, we must fuly master the use of computer information technology, mining its intrinsic value, so that it can promote the construction industry to meet the requirements of the times. This paper demonstrates the main application of computer technology in construction project management in a brief analysis.

  10. A Construction Management Framework for Mass Customisation in Traditional Construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Dolores Andújar-Montoya

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available A Mass Customisation model is discussed as a competitive positioning strategy in the marketplace adding value to the customer’s end-use. It includes the user as part of the construction process responding to the customer’s demands and wishes. To the present day, almost all proposals for Mass Customisation have been focused on the design phase and single family houses. The reality is that the processes carried out in the work execution are so inefficient that the costs of the Mass Customisation models are assumed by the customer and they do not offer solutions that support the change management. Furthermore, this inefficiency often makes Mass Customisation unfeasible in terms of deadlines and site management. Therefore, the present proposal focuses on achieving the paradigm of Mass Customisation in the traditional residential construction complementary to the existing proposals in the design phase. All this through the proposal of a framework for the integral management in the work execution, which will address change management introduced by the users offering an efficient and productive model that reduces costs in the process. This model will focus on the synergy between different strategies, techniques and technologies currently used in the construction management (such as Lean Construction or Six Sigma, together with, other strategies and technologies that have proven to be valid solutions in other fields (such as Business Process Management, Service Oriented Architecture, etc..

  11. Higher Education Change and Its Managers: Alternative Constructions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hotho, Sabine

    2013-01-01

    This article is based on a case study conducted in the context of UK higher education change. The article argues that "change" is a construct created in discourses of change policy and change management, and resulting in reductivist change management discourses which may impede rather than facilitate effective change management in the…

  12. Technology Management on Large Construction Projects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonke, Sten

    The aim of this text is to discuss and to develop the concept of technology management in relation to the empirical field of construction projects. In the first of the two main sections central theories and their derived assertions concerning technology management criteria are summed up...... in a schematic theoretical framework. Hereafter the general characteristics of construction are examined from the point of view of serving as an empirical field for technology management analysis. In the second section the technology management theme is associated with the empirical properties of the Great Belt...... Fixed Link construction project. Finally on this basis the concluding remarks are pointing to the main theoretical problems and their practical implementations for the introduction of a technology management discipline in construction....

  13. Operations Management on The Construction Site

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koch, Christian

    2004-01-01

    this as a refreshing renewal and improvement of practical operations management at the site. However this paper will present a first step of development of a new approach to operations management at the building site, which at the same time builds on, and criticize lean construction for missing the point...... of the knowledge economy. This endeavour is carried out in two ways. First by a reading of the operations management literature. Juxtaposing this with lean construction extentions and the critique developed by other scholars. And also drawing on human resource management approaches. Second through a series......” scheme. In both directions it is revealed that the human resource and knowledge element of building processes is largely left untouched by lean construction methods. It is suggested to introduce at least two more dimensions of operations management at the site than the ones offered in lean construction...

  14. Modification Management for Construction Processes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wolfgang Huhnt; Sven Richter; Felix Enge

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents an approach to handle different types of subsequent modifications in con-struction processes. It is focused on a formalized approach with the objective that effects of subsequent modifications are detected automatically. The approach presented in this paper makes use of an existing modeling technique specifically focused on construction processes. The modeling techniques result in a process description where all technological interdependencies between construction activities are consid-ered and where consistency between the sequence of activities and the history of components is guaran-teed. This modeling technique is expanded by an existing concept for handling versions and dependencies between objects. The integration of these different concepts makes it possible to track effects of relevant types of subsequent modifications in construction processes on a formalized basis. Effects of subsequent modifications are detected by algorithms, different versions can be compared by algorithms and different versions are stored so that subsequent modifications are documented. The innovation of the approach pre-sented is the completeness. Effects of different relevant types of subsequent modifications in construction processes are tracked on a formalized basis.

  15. Activity-based Costing and Road Construction Project Cost Management%作业成本法与公路施工项目成本管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石超云; 赵克剑

    2012-01-01

    公路施工企业的间接费用、管理费用等在总成本中的比重日益提高,传统的成本控制方法面临挑战,公路施工企业不得不考虑将作业成本法引入公路施工项目管理,论文从分析公路施工项目成本和管理的特征出发,阐述公路施工项目应用作业成本法可行性,分析公路施工项目运营作业成本法的条件,以及运用作业成本法潜在效果.%The proportion of indirect costs, administrative expenses of highway construction enterprises in the total cost are increasing and traditional method of cost control face challenges. Highway construction companies have to consider the activity-based costing into a highway construction project management, the paper described the feasibility of the highway construction project application activity-based costing, analysis of the operational conditions of the operating cost method of highway construction projects, as well as the potential effect of using activity-based costing.

  16. A process model for work-flow management in construction

    OpenAIRE

    Jongeling, Rogier

    2006-01-01

    This thesis describes a novel approach for management of work-flow in construction, based on the combination of location-based scheduling and modelling with 4D CAD. Construction planners need to carefully design a process that ensures a continuous and reliable flow of resources through different locations in a project. The flow of resources through locations, termed work-flow, and the resultant ability to control the hand-over between both locations and crews, greatly empowers the management ...

  17. Application of the predicted heat strain model in development of localized, threshold-based heat stress management guidelines for the construction industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowlinson, Steve; Jia, Yunyan Andrea

    2014-04-01

    Existing heat stress risk management guidelines recommended by international standards are not practical for the construction industry which needs site supervision staff to make instant managerial decisions to mitigate heat risks. The ability of the predicted heat strain (PHS) model [ISO 7933 (2004). Ergonomics of the thermal environment analytical determination and interpretation of heat stress using calculation of the predicted heat strain. Geneva: International Standard Organisation] to predict maximum allowable exposure time (D lim) has now enabled development of localized, action-triggering and threshold-based guidelines for implementation by lay frontline staff on construction sites. This article presents a protocol for development of two heat stress management tools by applying the PHS model to its full potential. One of the tools is developed to facilitate managerial decisions on an optimized work-rest regimen for paced work. The other tool is developed to enable workers' self-regulation during self-paced work.

  18. Welcoming high reliability organising in construction management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    olde Scholtenhuis, Léon Luc; Doree, Andries G.; Smith, S.D.; Ahiaga-Dagbui, D.D.

    2013-01-01

    To achieve project objectives, construction project managers have to manoeuvre through complex coordination structures. They have to simultaneously deal with limited budgets, tight schedules, demanding stakeholders and a fragmented supply-chain. Despite their extensive coordination efforts, project

  19. Waste Management in Industrial Construction: Investigating Contributions from Industrial Ecology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larissa A. R. U. Freitas

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The need for effective construction waste management is growing in importance, due to the increasing generation of construction waste and to its adverse impacts on the environment. However, despite the numerous studies on construction waste management, recovery of construction waste through Industrial Symbiosis and the adoption of other inter-firm practices, comprised within Industrial Ecology field of study, have not been fully explored. The present research aims to investigate Industrial Ecology contributions to waste management in industrial construction. The waste management strategies adopted in two industrial construction projects in Brazil are analyzed. The main waste streams generated are identified, recycling and landfilling diversion rates are presented and waste recovery through Industrial Symbiosis is discussed. A SWOT analysis was carried out. Results demonstrate that 9% of the waste produced in one of the projects was recovered through Industrial Symbiosis, while in the other project, waste recovery through Industrial Symbiosis achieved the rate of 30%. These data reveal Industrial Symbiosis’ potential to reduce landfilling of industrial construction wastes, contributing to waste recovery in construction. In addition, results show that industrial construction projects can benefit from the following synergies common in Industrial Ecology place-based approaches: centralized waste management service, shared waste management infrastructure and administrative simplification.

  20. Quality Management System at Construction Project: A Questionnaire Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.P.Mane

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The best quality, time and cost are the important aspects of successful construction project which fulfills the main goal of construction industry. The quality management has to provide the environment within which related tools, techniques and procedures can be deployed effectively leading to operational success for a construction project. The role of quality management for a construction company is not an isolated activity, but intertwined with all the operational and managerial processes of the construction project. The quality management system (QMS in construction industry refers to quality planning, quality assurance and quality control. The paper includes the outcome of the research methodology decided by authors based on interview of project participants and analysis of scrutinized interview data.

  1. Estimation of construction waste generation and management in Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kofoworola, Oyeshola Femi; Gheewala, Shabbir H

    2009-02-01

    This study examines construction waste generation and management in Thailand. It is estimated that between 2002 and 2005, an average of 1.1 million tons of construction waste was generated per year in Thailand. This constitutes about 7.7% of the total amount of waste disposed in both landfills and open dumpsites annually during the same period. Although construction waste constitutes a major source of waste in terms of volume and weight, its management and recycling are yet to be effectively practiced in Thailand. Recently, the management of construction waste is being given attention due to its rapidly increasing unregulated dumping in undesignated areas, and recycling is being promoted as a method of managing this waste. If effectively implemented, its potential economic and social benefits are immense. It was estimated that between 70 and 4,000 jobs would have been created between 2002 and 2005, if all construction wastes in Thailand had been recycled. Additionally it would have contributed an average savings of about 3.0 x 10(5) GJ per year in the final energy consumed by the construction sector of the nation within the same period based on the recycling scenario analyzed. The current national integrated waste management plan could enhance the effective recycling of construction and demolition waste in Thailand when enforced. It is recommended that an inventory of all construction waste generated in the country be carried out in order to assess the feasibility of large scale recycling of construction and demolition waste.

  2. Improvement of Construction Project Management Processes

    OpenAIRE

    Nazarko, J.

    2017-01-01

    The common denominator of the five papers published in the current edition of the Journal of Engineering, Project, and Production Management is the improvement of construction project management processes for effective use of resources. Execution of proper project management processes is widely recognized as a key success factor influencing likelihood of project success (Alleman, 2014). It is noticeable that four out of five papers in this issue of the Journal are authored or co-authored by I...

  3. WATER MANAGEMENT OF CONSTRUCTION SITE

    OpenAIRE

    Patil V.A*, Gawade S.L

    2017-01-01

    At prior stage water management is not considered to be vital point of planning and supervision as well, as the time passes all the possible chances of water entry in the structured is observed. As a result it seems very worst stage of existing building. Here entry of water may be from underground source, due to wrong workmanship or entry of water from surface source. Final result will be in the form of structurally weak building. For underground water entry there are number of chances of cor...

  4. MULTIPLE PROJECT MANAGEMENT IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDSUTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Hazin Alencar

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The field of project management has historically focused on the administration of one project at a time, a focus that is insufficient given the growing need for organizations to manage multiple projects simultaneously. The requirements of Multiple Project Management (MPM involves demands and practices that are different from those of single projects. MPM poses a special need for coordination of shared resources across multiple projects in a way that can maintain the firm’s strategic focus and facilitate effective decision making. The construction industry is noteworthy for its frequent need for the management of multiple projects. This paper offers a review of the last five years of indexed literature related to multiple project management in the construction industry, identifies gaps and suggests promising new avenues of inquiry.

  5. 基于价值流图的高速公路路面施工管理%Pavement Construction Management Based on Value Stream Map

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张连营; 刘婧; 李彦伟

    2015-01-01

    To improve the reliability and stability of the pavement construction process,this research implemented improvements based on the value stream map(VSM). Firstly,through the field data collection,this research drew the current-state map of the pavement construction. We diagnosed incompact construction process,unstable production rhythm,construction delay and quality defect via analyzing the current-state map. Aiming at above problems,this research proposed five improvement measures from three aspects:construction team,process flow and project site. Comparing with the future-state map of the pavement construction,the schedule,quality and occupational health and safety(OHS)of the pavement construction process has significantly increased. This research of pavement construction management based on VSM provides case studying reference and theory support for the lean construction.%为提高高速公路路面施工流程的可靠性和稳定性,基于价值流图进行施工管理改进。通过收集现场数据,绘制路面施工的现状价值流图。分析发现施工过程中存在工序不紧凑、生产节拍不稳定、工期拖延和质量缺陷等施工管理问题。针对这些问题,从施工团队、工序流程和项目现场三方面提出了改进措施。通过与路面施工未来价值流图的对比,精益改进的实施使公路路面施工流程在工期、质量和职业健康安全指标上得到显著提升,为公路项目的精益管理提供了实际案例借鉴和理论方法支持。

  6. Flexible software process lines in practice: A metamodel-based approach to effectively construct and manage families of software process models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuhrmann, Marco; Ternité, Thomas; Friedrich, Jan

    2017-01-01

    -defined and standardized process assets that can be reused, modified, and extended using a well-defined customization approach. Hence, process engineers can ground context-specific process variants in a standardized or domain-specific reference model that can be adapted to the respective context. We present an approach...... to construct flexible SPrLs and show its practical application in the German V-Modell XT. We contribute a proven approach that is presented as metamodel fragment for reuse and implementation in further process modeling approaches. This summary refers to the paper Flexible software process lines in practice......: A metamodel-based approach to effectively construct and manage families of software process models [Ku16]. This paper was published as original research article in the Journal of Systems and Software....

  7. Healthcare managers' construction of the manager role in relation to the medical profession.

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Knorring, Mia; Alexanderson, Kristina; Eliasson, Miriam A

    2016-05-16

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to explore how healthcare managers construct the manager role in relation to the medical profession in their organisations. Design/methodology/approach - In total, 18 of Sweden's 20 healthcare chief executive officers (CEOs) and 20 clinical department managers (CDMs) were interviewed about their views on management of physicians. Interviews were performed in the context of one aspect of healthcare management; i.e., management of physicians' sickness certification practice. A discourse analysis approach was used for data analysis. Findings - Few managers used a management-based discourse to construct the manager role. Instead, a profession-based discourse dominated and managers frequently used the attributes "physician" or "non-physician" to categorise themselves or other managers in their managerial roles. Some managers, both CEOs and CDMs, shifted between the management- and profession-based discourses, resulting in a kind of "yes, but […]" approach to management in the organisations. The dominating profession-based discourse served to reproduce the power and status of physicians within the organisation, thereby rendering the manager role weaker than the medical profession for both physician and non-physician managers. Research limitations/implications - Further studies are needed to explore the impact of gender, managerial level, and basic profession on how managers construct the manager role in relation to physicians. Practical implications - The results suggest that there is a need to address the organisational conditions for managers' role taking in healthcare organisations. Originality/value - Despite the general strengthening of the manager position in healthcare through political reforms during the last decades, this study shows that a profession-based discourse clearly dominated in how the managers constructed the manager role in relation to the medical profession on the workplace level in their organisations.

  8. 基于组织心件管理理论的地铁施工安全管理研究%Subway Construction Safety Management Based on Organization Mood Management Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王金龙; 郭庆军; 朱海阔

    2016-01-01

    针对我国地铁施工安全事故频发现象,分析地铁施工的特点,探索施工安全事故发生的主要原因,通过对原因的分析,得出对施工现场作业人员安全管理的重要性,基于组织心件管理理论,结合心件三要素,发现地铁施工安全管理存在认知能力、行为能力和情绪能力三方面问题,提出完善安全管理的合理化措施,以期在一定程度上能够提高地铁施工现场安全管理水平。%In view of the existed phenomenon that subway construction accidents occur frequently , the characteristics of subway construction are analyzed and the main causes of the construction accidents are explored ,finding out the importance of the workers safety management at the construction site .Based on the organization mood management theory and combined with three elements of mood ,it is discovered that there exist cognitive ,behavioral and emotional competence problems in subway construction safety management and the measures to improve the safety management are put forward ,to provide refer-ences for subway construction safety management in China .

  9. Education Using ICT for Construction Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Soeiro

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available A project carried through between institutions of higher education and construction companies was co-financed by the European Commission. The project lasted three years where the main objective was to develop the staff training in using and applying the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT in construction management. The results of the project have been also used in a new course of the senior year in specialization area of construction of the Civil Engineering degree of the University of Porto. Some conclusions of the diverse experiences of the project partners are also presented indicating future developments in this area.

  10. 基于SWOT分析的重庆市建筑垃圾管理研究%SWOT Analysis-based Study on Construction Waste Management in Chongqing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐航; 陈元欢

    2015-01-01

    21世纪初以来我国城镇化率的快速提高,建筑业发展迅速。大量施工活动的展开使得建筑工地产生大量的建筑垃圾,随之产生的环境问题和资源浪费已成为业内认识重点关注的问题。然而,与西方发达国家相比,我国针对建筑垃圾领域的研究还涉及较少。该文通过采用优势、劣势、机会和威胁(SWOT)分析法,旨在以重庆市为背景分析我国建筑垃圾管理现状。用以支持该文分析的数据来源于多种途径,包括政府报告,垃圾管理相关法规、文献研究以及专家访问。该研究为建筑主要利益相关方提供了一个窗口,使得他们可以认识重庆市建筑垃圾管理的内外部条件。文章基于SWOT分析法,提出了6条战略建议,对于重庆市今后在战略层面提升和改善建筑垃圾管理将会有所帮助。%The fast urbanization in China since 21st century has been boosting the construction industry, which, steadily, draws the industrial concern about the environmental problem and resource waste caused by construction waste. However, there is little relative study on construction waste in China compared with Western countries. With the combined methods of advantage, disadvantage and SWOT analysis, the current status of construction waste management in Chongqing is analyzed as a sample in China. The supporting data in this paper includes government reports, waste management related regulations, literature review and expert points. The study offers a window for the main construction parties to view the construction waste management conditions in Chongqing. Based on SWOT analysis method, six strategic suggestions are presented for reference.

  11. Operations Management on The Construction Site

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koch, Christian

    2004-01-01

    ; human resource issues (knowledge) and site management issues. The seven “healthy stream-s” focus on whether the human resources are available, but no not understand the competence and knowledge content. Moreover the empirical research revealed that site management themselves creating “stumbling stones......In these years lean construction approaches is flourishing in Danish building projects. The Koskela (2000) concepts such as the TFV-perspectives (Transformation, Flow, Value) and the last planner (Ballard 2000) are directly used in attempts to rationalize building processes. One can receive...... this as a refreshing renewal and improvement of practical operations management at the site. However this paper will present a first step of development of a new approach to operations management at the building site, which at the same time builds on, and criticize lean construction for missing the point...

  12. Enhancing knowledge sharing management using BIM technology in construction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Shih-Ping; Tserng, Hui-Ping; Jan, Shu-Hui

    2013-01-01

    Construction knowledge can be communicated and reused among project managers and jobsite engineers to alleviate problems on a construction jobsite and reduce the time and cost of solving problems related to constructability. This paper proposes a new methodology for the sharing of construction knowledge by using Building Information Modeling (BIM) technology. The main characteristics of BIM include illustrating 3D CAD-based presentations and keeping information in a digital format and facilitation of easy updating and transfer of information in the BIM environment. Using the BIM technology, project managers and engineers can gain knowledge related to BIM and obtain feedback provided by jobsite engineers for future reference. This study addresses the application of knowledge sharing management using BIM technology and proposes a BIM-based Knowledge Sharing Management (BIMKSM) system for project managers and engineers. The BIMKSM system is then applied in a selected case study of a construction project in Taiwan to demonstrate the effectiveness of sharing knowledge in the BIM environment. The results demonstrate that the BIMKSM system can be used as a visual BIM-based knowledge sharing management platform by utilizing the BIM technology.

  13. Radon risk management. Construction solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borja Frutos Vázquez

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Radon gas is a radioactive element that appears in nature by the decay of radium found in terrestrial soils. This gas is able to travel between the pores of the ground and enter into the buildings where the concentration can increase and becoming a health risk to occupants from inhaling. The World Health Organization rate the radon gas as a level 1 carcinogen agent. According to this organization, radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer contraction after tobacco. Based on the perception of risk derived from epidemiological medical studies, some countries have established radon concentration values as safety limits, above which is recommended or required an architectural intervention to reduce levels. From an architectural perspective, there have been studies of several radon protection techniques to reduce radon immission in buildings or to evacuate it, in order to reduce the radon levels below the safety limits. This article develops some protection strategies that have been being used for these purposes, some of which have been tested in Spain thanks to a research project funded by the Nuclear Safety Council, and developed by the Eduardo Torroja Institute and the University of Cantabria.

  14. Digital Archives Constructions Based on Knowledge Management%基于知识管理的数字档案馆建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢怡

    2012-01-01

    针对知识经济时代的新形势、新特点,分别介绍数字档案馆的现状和知识管理的含义及特点,分析现阶段数字档案馆实施知识管理的必要性与可行性,给出基于知识管理的数字档案馆的定义,重点从人员、组织结构、建档范围、业务流程等七个方面探讨基于知识管理理论的数字档案馆建设内容.%In view of the new situations and features of knowledge economy era, this paper introduces the digital archives status, the implications and features of knowledge management, analyses the necessity and feasibility of using knowledge management in digital archives at the present stage, gives out the conception of digital archives based on knowledge management , and the contents of digital archives construction based on knowledge management theory, and discusses mainly from seven fields such as personnel, organizations, ranges of archives, operation procedures, etc.

  15. 基于ASP.NET的党建平台构建%Construction of Party Building Management Platform Based on ASP.NET

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵庆; 于成江; 刘昊明

    2015-01-01

    网络技术和电子政务平台的不断发展,为党建管理信息系统的推广和使用并促进党建工作,提高党员教育和管理工作效率提供了切合实际的应用平台.文章分析了党建信息管理系统、党建网站、党员培训等网络平台,并以.NET和SQL Server为开发工具,构建了牡丹江农垦分局党建管理平台,提出了有效利用网络平台的途径,从而使党建工作进入全方位有机管理、无纸化办公的新阶段.%Along with the development of internet technology and E-government platform,an application platform was constructed to extend the usage of management information system on party building and increase efficiency of party members' education and management. Through analyzing the specific feature of information management system on party building,party building website and party member education,the party building management platform of Mudanjiang agricultural reclamation sub -bureaus was constructed based on .NET and SQL Sever,which provided the ways to effective utilization of the network platform,and achieved new phase of party building work with comprehensive management and paperless office.

  16. Development of Earned Value Management System in PP Construction Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Sang-Hyun; Moon, Byeong-Suk [KHNP-CRI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-10-15

    The NPP construction project has been determined in the form of a rather lump-sum contract with little details in resource requirements and estimations. Therefore, Earned Value Management System (EVMS) needs to be applied to the NPP projects in order to incorporate scope, schedule and cost targeting efficient and to control effective resource. The NPP projects in Korea have not applied EVMS. EVMS has phased in NPP construction project by Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power Co., Ltd (KHNP), playing the role of project master manager in NPP construction in Korea. This study presented the EVMS unlike other system. Accordingly, EVMS is expected to reduce risks and increase efficiency in the NPP project. The NPP construction project is a technology ntensive multi-construction project that should be based on economics and stability and that takes over ten years to complete, requiring investment of billions of dollars, a great number of persons concerned, and a vast store of human and material resources. KHNP is phasing EVMS in NPP construction project for overseas contracts and the efficient management, the paper presented the pilot EVMS in KHNP. It expected to control and identify of NPP construction projects by using EVMS as a computerized management tool which is quantitative and objective management criteria. It is necessary to improve of the contract system related EVM for enterprise system, and the effort will be required, such as on-site support and training so that this can be done in collaboration with the relevant stakeholders.

  17. BIM-BASED SCHEDULING OF CONSTRUCTION

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, Niclas; Büchmann-Slorup, Rolf

    2010-01-01

    overlap of the design and construction processes. Consequently, the overall scheduling is primarily based on intuition and personal experiences, rather than well founded figures of the specific project. Finally, the overall schedule is comprehensive and complex, and consequently, difficult to overview......The potential of BIM is generally recognized in the construction industry, but the practical application of BIM for management purposes is, however, still limited among contractors. The objective of this study is to review the current scheduling process of construction in light of BIM...... and communicate. Scheduling on the detailed level, on the other hand, follows a stipulated approach to scheduling, i.e. the Last Planner System (LPS), which is characterized by involvement of all actors in the construction phase. Thus, the major challenge when implementing BIM-based scheduling is to improve...

  18. BIM-BASED SCHEDULING OF CONSTRUCTION

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, Niclas; Büchmann-Slorup, Rolf

    2010-01-01

    The potential of BIM is generally recognized in the construction industry, but the practical application of BIM for management purposes is, however, still limited among contractors. The objective of this study is to review the current scheduling process of construction in light of BIM...... overlap of the design and construction processes. Consequently, the overall scheduling is primarily based on intuition and personal experiences, rather than well founded figures of the specific project. Finally, the overall schedule is comprehensive and complex, and consequently, difficult to overview...... and communicate. Scheduling on the detailed level, on the other hand, follows a stipulated approach to scheduling, i.e. the Last Planner System (LPS), which is characterized by involvement of all actors in the construction phase. Thus, the major challenge when implementing BIM-based scheduling is to improve...

  19. Construction waste management model based on system dynamics%基于系统动力学的建筑废料管理模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王家远; 袁红平

    2009-01-01

    Based on system dynamics, the inter-relations of factors within the construction waste man-agement processes were analyzed. A simulation model integrating four sub-systems, including construction waste generation, on-site waste sorting, waste landfill and public filling, was developed. The model was then simulated through software iThink. The research results indicate that the inter-relations of factors within the system can be better revealed. And the method proposed can provide guides and references for predicting construction waste generation and making construction waste management plans.%运用系统动力学方法对建筑废料管理问题进行了研究,通过对建筑废料管理中诸多影响因素间关系的分析建立了包括建筑废料产生、现场分类分拣、废料填埋场和公众堆填等四个子系统的建筑废料管理模型,并利用iThink软件进行了仿真.结果表明:将系统动力学应用于建筑废料管理可以较好地反映所研究系统内因素间的复杂关系,该方法可为建筑废料的预测和宏观管理措施的制定提供指导与借鉴.

  20. Safety Management Analysis In Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Subramani

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The Indian society and economy have suffered human and financial losses as a result of the poor safety record in the construction industry. The purpose of this study is to examine safety management in the construction industry. The study will collects data from general contractors, who are involved in major types of construction. Collected data include information regarding organizational safety policy, safety training, safety meetings, safety equipment, safety inspections, safety incentives and penalties, workers’ attitude towards safety, labor turnover rates and compliance with safety legislation. The study will also reveal several factors of poor safety management. Thus the paper will conclude by providing a set of recommendations and strategies to contractors for improving their safety performance.

  1. Improvement of Construction Project Management Processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nazarko, J.

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The common denominator of the five papers published in the current edition of the Journal of Engineering, Project, and Production Management is the improvement of construction project management processes for effective use of resources. Execution of proper project management processes is widely recognized as a key success factor influencing likelihood of project success (Alleman, 2014. It is noticeable that four out of five papers in this issue of the Journal are authored or co-authored by Iranian researchers from the same Institute but their conclusions bear importance that cannot be limited to the authors’ region.

  2. 构建基于过程管理的《高等数学》课平时成绩管理模型%Constructing a Model for Normal Scores Management of Higher Mathematics - Based on the Process Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚伟权

    2011-01-01

    基于教学过程,构建学生平时成绩管理模型,在Excel中用VBA编程,使平时成绩真正做到平时得到、实时统计。%Based on the teaching process, this article constructs a model for normal scores management. It uses VBA in Excel, which makes students' normal scores be recorded on time.

  3. A Dynamic Model for Construction and Demolition (C&D Waste Management in Spain: Driving Policies Based on Economic Incentives and Tax Penalties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuria Calvo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available According to the recent Spanish legislation, the amount of non-hazardous construction and demolition waste (C&D waste by weight must be reduced by at least 70% by 2020. However, the current behavior of the stakeholders involved in the waste management process make this goal difficult to achieve. In order to boost changes in their strategies, we firstly describe an Environmental Management System (EMS based on regulation measures and economic incentives which incorporate universities as a key new actor in order to create a 3Rs model (Reduce, Reuse and Recycle in the C&D waste management with costs savings. The target areas are focused mainly on producer responsibility, promotion of low-waste building technologies and creation of green jobs to fulfill three main objectives: valorization of inert wastes, elimination of illegal landfills and stimulation of demand for recycled C&D wastes. To achieve this latter goal, we have also designed a simulation model—using the Systems Dynamic methodology—to assess the potential impact of two policies (incentives and tax penalties in order to evaluate how the government can influence the behavior of the firms in the recycling system of C&D waste aggregates. This paper finds a broader understanding of the socioeconomic implications of waste management over time and the positive effects of these policies in the recycled aggregates market in order to achieve the goal of 30% C&D waste aggregates in 12 years or less.

  4. TANK OPERATIONS CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT METHODOLOGY UTILIZING THE AGENCY METHOD OF CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    LESKO KF; BERRIOCHOA MV

    2010-02-26

    Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC (WRPS) has faced significant project management challenges in managing Davis-Bacon construction work that meets contractually required small business goals. The unique challenge is to provide contracting opportunities to multiple small business constructioin subcontractors while performing high hazard work in a safe and productive manner. Previous to the WRPS contract, construction work at the Hanford Tank Farms was contracted to large companies, while current Department of Energy (DOE) Contracts typically emphasize small business awards. As an integral part of Nuclear Project Management at Hanford Tank Farms, construction involves removal of old equipment and structures and installation of new infrastructure to support waste retrieval and waste feed delivery to the Waste Treatment Plant. Utilizing the optimum construction approach ensures that the contractors responsible for this work are successful in meeting safety, quality, cost and schedule objectives while working in a very hazardous environment. This paper descirbes the successful transition from a traditional project delivery method that utilized a large business general contractor and subcontractors to a new project construction management model that is more oriented to small businesses. Construction has selected the Agency Construction Management Method (John E Schaufelberger, Len Holm, "Management of Construction Projects, A Constructor's Perspective", University of Washington, Prentice Hall 2002). This method was implemented in the first quarter of Fiscal Year 2009 (FY2009), where Construction Management is performed by substantially home office resources from the URS Northwest Office in Richland, Washington. The Agency Method has allowed WRPS to provide proven Construction Managers and Field Leads to mentor and direct small business contractors, thus providing expertise and assurance of a successful project. Construction execution contracts are

  5. Construction of UHVAC Test Base

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    The construction of the UHVAC test base of SGCC is an important component of the pilot project on UHVAC power transmission and transformation in China. This paper introduces the layout, technical requirements and main test functions of the UHVAC test base as well as difficulties during construction. It lays stress on the characterization of a 1 000-kV single-circuit test line, a 1 000-kV one-tower double-circuit test line, a full voltage test site for UHV equipment, a climate laboratory, a corona cage and a...

  6. Construction of UHVAC Test Base

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Yingjian; Hu Yi; Wu Xiong; Wu Zhirong; Wan Qifa; Liu Xianjin; Cai Wei

    2009-01-01

    @@ The construction of the UHVAC test base of SGCC is an important component of the pilot project on UHVAC power transmission and transformation in China.This paper introduces the layout,technical requirements and main test functions of the UHVAC test base as well as difficulties during construction.It lays stress on the characterization of a 1 000-kV single-circuit test line,a 1 000-kV one-tower double-circuit test line,a full voltage test site for UHV equipment,a climate laboratory,a corona cage and a long-wave-front impulse voltage generator.

  7. 基于精益思想的流程管理体系建设%Construction of Process Management System Based on the Lean Thinking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘扬

    2015-01-01

    In ordere to make management become the core competence of the enterprise, some units take lean thinking as a guide, take the process optimization as the main line to explore and set up the process management system suitable for the assembly repair enterprise. The system fully combines with the characteristics of engine repair and assembly of products, starts from the end station actual requirements of production process, takes continuous optimization of the production process as the target, it expounds the management system build process based on the layout adjustment and the process optimization in detail, and puts forward the process management system construction method which can fuse with a variety of management methods and tools based on the lean thinking.%为使管理成为企业的核心竞争力,某单位以精益思想为指导,以流程优化为主线,探索并建立起了适用于装配修理企业的流程管理体系。该体系充分结合发动机修理装配的产品特点,从生产制造流程最末端的工位实际需求出发,以生产制造流程的持续优化为目标,详细阐述了基于布局调整与流程优化的管理体系构建过程,提出了一种能与多种管理方法和工具相融合的基于精益思想的流程管理体系建设方法。

  8. Constructing a personal learning environment based on knowledge management%基于知识管理的个人学习环境构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔灿; 陈琳

    2015-01-01

    创设高效的网络学习环境,是信息技术变革教育的前提与条件。个人学习环境作为网络学习环境发展的新阶段,提供了解决数字化学习中诸多问题的新思路。文章从学习者的角度出发,构建了基于知识管理的个人学习环境模型,使学习者在灵活驾驭工具、资源、人、服务的同时,注重信息加工、交流共享与应用创新,从而提高学习效果与效率。%Construction of an efficient network-based learning environment is a prerequisite and condition for information technology reform education.Personal learning environment as a new phase of development of the network-based learning environment, provides a new way to solve many problems in e-learning.This paper constructs a personal learning environment model based on knowledge management from the perspective of learners, which enables learners to make a flexible control of tools, resources, people and services, pay more attention to information processing, communication, sharing, application and innovation so as to improve learning effects and efficiency.

  9. Constructing Taipei City Sports Centre Performance Evaluation Model with Fuzzy MCDM Approach Based on Views of Managers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen-Yang Wang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to utilize the fuzzy analytical/network process (FAHP/FANP and decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL approach to recognize the influential indicators of sport centre business management in Taipei city’s sports centre. Twenty-three of sports centres with six-dimensions were identified from the literature review and interview with twelve experts (academic and practical experience. By considering the interrelationships among the indices, DEMATEL was used to deal with the importance and causal relationships among the evaluation indices of sports centre. Then, we employ the FAHP/FANP to determine the weight of each management criterion. Our empirical results provide two main insights: first, sports centre business management strategies comprise six-dimensions and 23 indexes; second, the FANP analysis shows that the six key factors are (in order of priority service price, site conditions, operations management, traffic conditions, sports products, and staff quality. This study uses the FANP and DEMATEL along with mathematical computing in order to provide sports centre managers with a reliable decision-making reference and to assist them in formulating the most effective business strategy possible.

  10. Queuing Rule of Thumb based on M/M/s Queuing Theory with Applications in Construction Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teknomo K.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The current trend of queuing theory development is toward more precision which requires higher mathematical manipulation. In this paper, we attempted to reverve the current trend toward simplification of queuing formulas such that it can be used in more practical purposes, especially in construction industry. Through numerical examples of two case studies on concreting and earth moving, how to model the construction activities as queuing systems is illustrated systematically. Through the numerical examples, it is shown that when the customer cost is much lower than the server cost, queuing system can be simplified only to incorporate the constraint equation. The queueing constraint equation is suggested to be used as queuing rule of thumb. The proposed rule of thumb is rather conservative in term of queuing performance compared to the standard stochastic queuing formula because it is assumed that all the customers arrive at once in the beginning of the service.

  11. DECISION SUPPORT CONCEPT TO MANAGEMENT OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS - PROBLEM OF CONSTRUCTION SITE SELECTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikša Jajac

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present Decision Support Concept (DSC for management of construction projects. Focus of our research is in application of multicritera methods (MCM to decision making in planning phase of construction projects (related to the problem of construction sites selection. The problem is identified as a significant one from many different aspects such as economic aspect, civil engineering aspect, etc. what indicates the necessity for evaluation of multiple sites by several different criteria. Therefore, DSC for construction site selection based on PROMETHEE method is designed. In order to define the appropriate criteria, their weights and preference functions for the concept, three groups of stakeholders are involved (investors, construction experts and experts for real estate market in its design. AHP method has been used for determination of criteria weights. The model has been tested on the problem of site selection for construction of residential-commercial building in four largest cities in Croatia.

  12. IRT-based test construction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Linden, Willem J.; Theunissen, T.J.J.M.; Boekkooi-Timminga, Ellen; Kelderman, Henk

    1987-01-01

    Four discussions of test construction based on item response theory (IRT) are presented. The first discussion, "Test Design as Model Building in Mathematical Programming" (T.J.J.M. Theunissen), presents test design as a decision process under certainty. A natural way of modeling this process leads t

  13. The Construction of an Environmental Management Model Based on Sustainability Indicators on a Higher Education Institution in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nieblas-Ortiz, Efrain C.; Arcos-Vega, José L.; Sevilla-García, Juan J.

    2017-01-01

    Without depreciating the importance of environmental regulations directed to university environmental managements systems in this country, nowadays, the instruments of international importance like the Sustainable Development Goals or ONU's 2030 Agenda; as well as those of domestic nature, like sustainability indicators proposed by the Mexican…

  14. Is Agile Project Management Applicable to Construction?

    OpenAIRE

    Owen, R.; Koskela, LJ; Henrich, G; Codinhoto, R

    2006-01-01

    This paper briefly summarises the evolution of Agile Project Management (APM) and differentiates it from lean and agile production and ‘leagile’ construction. The significant benefits being realized through employment of APM within the information systems industry are stated. The characteristics of APM are explored, including: philosophy, organizational attitudes and practices, planning, execution and control and learning. Finally, APM is subjectively assessed as to its potential contribution...

  15. Value-Based Inventory Management

    OpenAIRE

    Michalski, Grzegorz

    2008-01-01

    The basic financial purpose of a firm is to maximize its value. An inventory management system should also contribute to realization of this basic aim. Many current asset management models currently found in financial management literature were constructed with the assumption of book profit maximization as basic aim. However these models could lack what relates to another aim, i.e., maximization of enterprise value. This article presents a modified value-based inventory management model.

  16. 基于素质词典的施工项目经理素质模型构建与应用%Construction and Application of Competency Model of Manager of Construction Project Based on Competency Dictionary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈光; 佟光

    2013-01-01

    The paper was briefly introduced concepts, connotation and relationships of competency, competency model and competency dictionary. Taking position of construction project manager for an example, the paper was expounded application of competency model in recruitment based on competency model built by competency dictionary.%简要介绍了素质、素质模型、素质词典的概念、内涵和关系,以大型建筑工程项目施工项目经理岗位为例,基于素质词典对该岗位构建了素质模型,并阐述了施工项目经理素质模型在实际招聘中的应用。

  17. Study on the Construction of Practice Base Based on ISO Quality Management System%ISO质量管理体系进行实训基地建设的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周天沛; 代洪

    2011-01-01

    作为具有管理与服务性质的高职院校实训基地,引入ISO9000质量管理体系具有现实的必要性和可行性.按照ISO标准进行实训基地的质量管理体系建设,有利于全面提高实训基地的职能,充分发挥实训基地的优势.%The introduction of IS09000 quality management system into higher vocational college practice base with the nature of management and service is of necessity and feasibility.Quality management system of practice base was constructed according to ISO standards, which can improve comprehensively the practice base functions, and give full play to the advantages of practice base.

  18. The Construction of Enterprise Management Model based on Humanistic Managing Concept%基于人本管理理念的企业管理模式构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕玲

    2014-01-01

    本文以人本管理理念为指导,阐述基于人本主义企业管理模式,首先分析人本主义管理的内涵,并将JIT人本主义理念融入到企业管理模式构建的过程中,通过阐述“当下”对于员工的意义,从员工人权的充分保障、员工自我管理等方面论述了基于人本管理理念的企业管理模式。%Directed by humanistic managing concept, this paper analyzes the connotation of humanistic manage-ment, integrates the concept of JIt into the construction of enterprise management model, and discusses the enterprise management model based on humanistic managing concept by elaborating the meaning of JIT on employees, from full guarantee of human rights and self-management of employees. .

  19. On how to do construction management communications engineering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Zhi

    2014-01-01

    In the communication construction projects, improving the efectivenes of project management is an important part of the quality asurance program. The efectivenes of the communication and construction project management is afected by many factors. Therefore, the discusion of communication construction project management efectivenes is good for improving the quality of projects of great significance. This paper analyzes the characteristics and problems of communication construction projects, reflecting the importance of project management; then discused the factors afecting the efectivenes of project management; finaly targeted to improve the communication of construction project management efectivenes propose specific methods to ensure communication quality of construction projects.

  20. Logistic description of investment and construction management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sborshchikov Sergey Borisovich

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the questions of defining dynamic behavior of investment and construction activity as a technical and economic system and its formalized description. It is offered to use the term "condition vector" as one of the main characteristics while describing investment and construction activity. Logistic interpretation of a sustainable development of investment and construction defines the concept of optimum trajectory, which considers various dependencies of its components (construction operations, their preparation, design, material, technique, personnel, information, investment, etc.. It is necessary to point out that this state is homeostatic, which means, the managing system must provide continuous monitoring of each system component of investment and construction activities in accordance with the sustainable development pathway. The concept of dynamic balance used in logistics is identical to the concept of homeostatic balance, which is accepted in system engineering. It is defined as a property of technical and economic system, which implies that its deviations from the development pathway lie within admissible values.

  1. How can BIM support Construction Safety Management? Development of SIM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chan Isabelle Y S

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available BIM is continuously changing the way construction can be approached, from design, scheduling, costing to facilities management. However, even though construction safety is a worldwide issue, and though previous, yet limited, studies have proven its great potential, BIM has not been extended to include automated construction safety management functions, i.e., hazard identification, assessment and control for construction works. In fact, as many as 71% of safety incidents can be prevented by safety considerations at design stage. Automation via BIM is the key to enhance effectiveness and efficiency of safety management, but development of Safety Information Modelling (SIM is the key pre-requisite. This paper aims to outline a research project for developing both information and technical requirements for SIM via questionnaire survey, focus group, and real case studies. The project results, to be validated by real projects, will act as solid platform for developing:- i Practical guidance to construction and safety professionals on the types of safety management a SIM can conduct, and the ways of utilizing the safety information in a SIM model [based on the systematic SIM information requirements (e.g., object identification, geometry attributes, safety rules]; and ii Overall guidance to software developers to develop appropriate SIM tools for different scenarios [based on the systematic SIM technical requirements (e.g., model information exchange, visualization, conflict analysis process for risk assessment, reliability].

  2. Development as an effective management system construction and investment projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beloborodov Roman S.

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the material of the application of the conception «Development» as the effective methodology of the investment-construction project management within the framework the systems approach. Theoretical principles of the application of this conception are generalized and systematized based on the example of the creation of the low habitable complex.

  3. Quality management in construction project design and management

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Conradie, Dirk CU

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to propose the use of simulation to improve design quality and to introduce new opportunities to use quality management throughout the various development stages of construction projects. The paper will attempt to identify...

  4. Portfolio management for investment projects in the construction industry

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kozlov Alexander; Shnyrenkov Evgeny

    2017-01-01

    .... Project management methodologies need further improvement, including development of portfolio management processes applicable to investment projects developed and implemented in the construction industry...

  5. An appraisal of construction management practice in Nigeria | Ugwu ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    An appraisal of construction management practice in Nigeria. ... A questionnaire survey was conducted and fifty-seven (57) factors were identified, ... the project team, lack of construction management knowledge and known work progress.

  6. Risk Management In Construction Projects Of Developing Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Divya Gupta

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Managing risks in construction projects has been perceived as a very important management process so as to accomplish the undertaking goals as far as time, cost, quality, safety and environmental sustainability. Projects have become shared effort of multiple parties and construction industry is a good example of an area, where the project outcome is delivered in an extremely complex actor network. By adopting risk management, savings’ potentials can be realized in construction projects. For this reason, consideration of the risk management process is worthwhile for project managers as well as real estate developers. The implementation of risk management system in construction projects must be oriented towards the progress of the project and pervade all areas, functions and processes of the project. For analyzing the levels of various risk factors in construction industry, questionnaire surveys were used to collect data. Based on a comprehensive assessment of the likelihood of occurrence of various risks and their impacts on the project objectives, this paper identifies twenty major risk factors. This research found that these risks are mainly related to (in ranking contractors, clients and designers, with a few related to government bodies, subcontractors/suppliers and external issues. Among them, “Financial Risk” is recognized to influence all project destinations maximally, whereas working in hot areas, closure, defective design and delayed payments on contract are also some important risk factors. This research also found that these risks spread through the whole project life cycle and many risks occur in more than one phase, with the construction stage as the most risky phase, followed by the feasibility stage. It is concluded that clients, designers and government bodies must work cooperatively from the feasibility phase onwards to address potential risks in time. Also contractors and subcontractors with robust construction and

  7. Relationship between time management in construction industry and project management performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nasir, Najuwa; Nawi, Mohd Nasrun Mohd; Radzuan, Kamaruddin

    2016-08-01

    Nowadays, construction industry particularly in Malaysia struggle in achieving status of eminent time management for construction project. Project managers have a great responsibility to keep the project success under time of project completion. However, studies shows that delays especially in Malaysian construction industry still unresolved due to weakness in managing the project. In addition, quality of time management on construction projects is generally poor. Due to the progressively extended delays issue, time performance becomes an important subject to be explored to investigate delay factors. The method of this study is review of literature towards issues in construction industry which affecting time performance of project in general by focusing towards process involved for project management. Based on study, it was found that knowledge, commitment, cooperation are the main criteria as an overall to manage the project into a smooth process during project execution until completion. It can be concluded that, the strength between project manager and team members in these main criteria while conducting the project towards good time performance is highly needed. However, there is lack of establishment towards factors of poor time performance which strongly related with project management. Hence, this study has been conducted to establish factors of poor time performance and its relations with project management.

  8. Technological and regulatory aspects of quality management during the life cycle of investment and construction projects

    OpenAIRE

    Kropyvko Serhii Maksymovych

    2016-01-01

    The division of the life cycle of investment and construction projects in four phases, based on their technological features, is proposed in the article. Regulatory aspects of quality management during each phase of the life cycle of investment and construction projects are analyzed. The model of quality management during the phases of the life cycle of investment and construction project is developed.

  9. Basic components of construction enterprises’ management marketing activities system

    OpenAIRE

    Seleznova Olha Olexandrivna

    2015-01-01

    This article investigated the basic components of construction enterprises’ management marketing activities system. It is developed the model of the construction enterprises’ management marketing activities system. The article explores the essence of the stages of forming the construction enterprises’ management marketing activities system. The article reveals the basic elements of marketing management – mission, goals, strategy. It describes the basic functions of marketing management system...

  10. Highway Construction Management%公路施工管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张华

    2015-01-01

    In the highway construction, the construction process should be scientific, reasonable management, and in the latter do a good job in the maintenance work, to ensure the quality of the highway. Based on this, this paper analyzes the highway construction management, in order to promote the sustainable development of highway engineering in China.%在公路施工前,应当对施工过程进行科学、合理的管理,并在工程后期做好养护工作,保证公路的质量.基于此,对公路施工管理进行了分析,以促进我国公路工程的可持续发展.

  11. 基于BIM的建设工程柔性管理模式分析%Construction Projects Flexible Management Analysis Based on BIM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐晓磊; 关贤军; 张兵; 姜睿雅

    2014-01-01

    BIM technology will lead to a new revolution in construction industry. Compared to the current research solely focusing on the technical advantages of BIM,this paper combined BIM technology with flexible management and analyzed profound impact of BIM technology on construction industry from the viewpoint of construction project management changes. This paper explored what BIM technology brings to construction project management model innovation from four perspectives,that is the planning function,organization function,leadership function, and control function.%BIM技术将在未来引发建筑业新的革命,相较于当前仅仅重视BIM技术方面的优势,将BIM技术与柔性管理相结合,以工程项目管理模式变化为视角分析BIM对建筑业带来的深刻影响,从计划职能柔性化、组织职能柔性化、领导职能柔性化和控制职能柔性化4个角度分析BIM带来的项目管理模式创新。

  12. 基于精益建设思想指导下铁路隧道施工管理的思路%Based on Lean Construction Thought railway tunnel under the guidance of the idea of construction management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚正斐

    2014-01-01

    In order to improve the safety of the railway tunnel construction quality management and cost control level, this theory of building the tunnel through lean construction proces of the key proces es control ing aspects of analysis, combined with the value of construction Rethinking Lean, JIT production, identification value flow and rooting out waste, dynamic management and continuous improvement of the theory, organization and optimization of the tunnel construction and put forward some measures to prevent tunnel construction waste.%为提高铁路隧道施工的安全质量管理及成本控制水平,本文通过精益建设理论对隧道工程施工过程的关键工序控制环节进行分析,并结合精益建设的价值再认识、准时制生产、识别价值流与查堵浪费、动态管理与持续改进等理论,对隧道施工组织优化、提出了一些防止隧道施工浪费的措施。

  13. Intelligent Materials Tracking System for Construction Projects Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narimah Kasim

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available An essential factor adversely affecting the performance of construction projects is the improper handling of materials during site activities. In addition, paper-based reports are mostly used to record and exchange information related to the material components within the supply chain, which is problematic and inefficient. Generally, technologies (such as wireless systems and RFID are not being adequately used to overcome human errors and are not well integrated with project management systems to make tracking and management of materials easier and faster. Findings from a literature review and surveys showed that there is a lack of positive examples of such tools having been used effectively. Therefore, this research focused on the development of a materials tracking system that integrates RFID-based materials management with resources modelling to improve on-site materials tracking. Rapid prototyping was used to develop the system and testing of the system was carried out to examine the functionality and working appropriately. The proposed system is intended to promote the employment of RFID for automatic materials tracking with integration of resource modelling (Microsoft (R Office Project in the project management system in order to establish which of the tagged components are required resources for certain project tasks. In conclusion, the system provides an automatic and easy tracking method for managing materials during materials delivery and inventory management processes in construction projects.

  14. Research on construction management innovation system of metro in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lu Yan; Dong Jianjun; Cheng Hu

    2009-01-01

    Construction management innovation system of metro in China is put forward in this paper. Guidelines, objec-tive system, new management ideas and contents of this construction management innovation system are set forth particu-larly. The construction management innovation system of metro can meet needs of building harmouious and economized society and realizing sustainable development in China, it is also an important part of science & technology innovation system.

  15. A Conceptual Framework for Managing Design Changes in Building Construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yap Jeffrey Boon Hui

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Design changes have always been an innate feature of the construction industry. Despite the various project management techniques, many building construction projects still fail to achieve their time and cost objectives. This paper aims to focus on design changes as a major cause of time delays and cost overruns. It seeks to discuss the causing factors of design changes in building construction projects and highlighting the resulting rework that is detrimental to project performance. Hence, this paper also aims to present a conceptual framework which was developed to better manage design changes through clued-up management decision to avoid future claims and disputes. Recent and current literature is examined and reviewed. The review approach was based on related literature to identified themes. The existing literature is summarised into five discrete themes of “design changes”, “rework”, “time and cost overruns”, “communication” and “decision-making”. The synthesised literature is subsequently utilised in the development of conceptual map which provided the direction for designing the conceptual framework. Extensive review of preceding studies on causes of time and cost overruns reveals that design changes is identified as one of the significant factors. However, there are limited studies in this domain. The discussion presents a knowledge gap of linking design changes and rework with decision-making in project management. This finding suggests the need for further empirical study. The framework stresses the importance of communication and management decision as the control mechanism. Researchers and practitioners in construction management field will find this study useful in understanding the causing factors of design changes and its detrimental impacts to project performance which risk the project to claims and disputes. The conceptual framework presents an imperative outcome to encourage further research in developing

  16. Safety Management Mode of Bridge & Tunnel Construction Team Based on Demographic Characteristics%基于人口统计学特征的公路桥隧工程施工班组安全管理模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭东尘; 苏新国; 黄学文; 章卫俊; 吴林松

    2015-01-01

    为了解决公路施工安全管理的源头问题,从一线施工班组安全管理入手,选择专业化程度高的桥隧工程施工班组为研究对象,运用人口统计学特征分析方法,结合公路工程施工班组管理特点,得出影响施工班组安全管理的重要因素;通过对各影响因素与班组安全管理的关联性分析,建立了公路施工班组安全管理建设模式。对55个施工班组、530名桥梁施工人员、375名隧道施工人员开展信息调研及问卷调查,结果显示桥隧工程施工班组人员以男性为主,受教育程度不高,流动性大,施工经验丰富,基本具备安全意识但缺乏安全技能。针对这些问题,提出了当前环境下以班组组织建设、班组制度建设、班组保障建设和班组现场管控为核心的施工班组安全管理模式,以及相关措施和建议。%In order to solve the source problem of highway construction safety management, the safety management of the construction team was commenced. The highway bridge and tunnel construction teams that have high degree specialization were selected. Demographic characteristics analysis method was used to find the important factors that affect the team safety management, combining with the charac⁃teristics of construction team management. Based on correlation analysis of the factors and the team safe ty management, a safety management mode of highway construction team was set up. According to the infor⁃mation collection and questionnaire surveys on 55 construction teams, 530 bridge construction personnel and 375 tunnel construction personnel, some factors of construction personnel were analyzed, including their sex, age, education background and working experience. The result of research shows that the pre⁃dominant are male in the construction team, and construction personnel have low education, large per⁃ sonal mobility, rich experience with poor security technology. In

  17. 基于精益建造的铁路施工项目管理研究%Research on Project Management of Railway Construction Based on Lean Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜克勤

    2014-01-01

    本文引入精益建造思想,将其充分应用至铁路施工项目管理的质量、成本和进度这三个主要的方面,并对项目管理目标实行了动态管理,从而有效实现了资源的优化配置,降低了项目成本,提高了铁路施工企业经济效益。%This paper introduced lean construction ideas, whi-ch is used in three major aspects of railway construction pro-ject management including quality, cost and schedule. The aut-hor implemented dynamic management to the goal of project management, so as to effectively realize the optimal al ocation of resources, to reduce the project cost and to improve the economic benefits of railway construction enterprise.

  18. Laboratory Construction and Management Based on Virtual Cloud Technology%基于虚拟云技术的实验室建设和管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾阳艳

    2015-01-01

    通过对虚拟云技术在实验室的应用研究,构建云环境下虚拟实验室架构,以提供多样的、动态的实验环境;通过桌面虚拟化技术和服务器虚拟化技术对资源访问和管理,从根本上改变了计算机实验室建设和管理方式,解决了实验室建设成本高、管理维护效率低等问题,使计算机实验室资源更好地为实验教学和科研服务.%Through the research on the virtual cloud technology application in the laboratory, a cloud environment virtual laboratory of computer architecture is build to provide a diverse and dynamic experimental environment;Resource access and management are accomplished through desktop virtualization and server virtualization technology, which change the approach of laboratory con?struction and management drastically.The problems both of high cost of laboratory construction and of low efficiency of manage?ment and maintenance are solved,which allows the resources of computer laboratory to provide better services for experiment teach?ing and scientific research.

  19. Exploration into the CDlO-based Practice Base Construction Mode of Engineering Management%基于CDIO的工程管理实习基地建设模式探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯治诏; 刘龙龙; 陈卓; 黄启珍; 竺雅莉

    2012-01-01

    随着新疆跨越式发展的快速推进,基础设施建设滞后和人才严重匮乏成为区域经济发展不平衡的主要制约因素,也为工程管理专业人才的市场需求日益增加创造了历史性机遇。新型城镇化建设急需本土高校培养具备工程系统知识和创新实践能力的毕业生以适应日益复杂和繁重的基础设施建设任务。基于CDIO的工程管理实习基地的建设模式,首先以CDIO理念为基础,探讨了工程管理专业的实习基地的合作伙伴及项目实践分级,然后参照CDIO准则建立了工程管理实习基地开发模式,并应用IDEFO系统分析方法逐层分析了工程管理实习基地的建设功能模型、项目开发模型和课程实践模型。本文是以学生为主体之一参与创新实践过程的尝试,是对CDIO过程的初步运用,也为本土工程管理实践基地建设提供参考。%With the rapid leap-forward development of Xinjiang Autonomous Region, the lagging of facility construction and the serious lack of talents become the main constraints of unbalanced economic development, but also create the historic opportunity of increasing market demand for engineering management professional talents. The new urbanization construction needs local universities to supply graduates with engineering system knowledge and innovation practice ability in order to adapt to the increasingly complex and heavy infrastructure construction tasks. In the paper, firstly, the CDIO concept is taken as the foundation in the practice-based construction mode of engineering management, and then the classification of partners and practice projects of engineering management professional practice base is discussed. Subsequently the CDIO standard is taken as the reference to the engineering management practice base development model. Finally the construction function model, project development model and course practice model of engineering management practice

  20. Improving Site Management Practices in the Nigerian Construction ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Improving Site Management Practices in the Nigerian Construction Industry: ... a combination of activities, which turn basic resources into a finished product. ... incorporating all the professionals in the building construction industry are in place.

  1. Peer Assessment for Construction Management and Quantity Surveying Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia McLaughlin

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Students undertaking the Bachelor of ConstructionManagement degree course at RMIT University, Melbourne,qualify for registration with the Australian Institute ofQuantity Surveyors (AIQS and the Australian Institute ofBuilding (AIB upon graduation. Over the past decade thedegree course has been constantly upgraded and altered inline with recommendations from professional bodies such asthese and other industry partners. In 1994 the Departmentof Building and Construction Economics re-assesseda range of subjects including the first year technologysubjects. Out of the review a problem-based integratedlearning unit was developed and tested. This unit has nowbeen in place for ten years.Quantity surveying and construction management likemost other professions in the construction industryrequire teamwork and advanced consultation skills. Theseskills may be learnt through experience but there isconsiderable evidence that these skills can be taught in theundergraduate years. Therefore in line with team-basedapproaches used in industry and professional constructionsettings, this year a new assessment model - peerassessment - will be applied to the problem-based learningunit. This paper describes the procedures and processesused to introduce the change and examines the theoreticalbase upon which the model was developed.

  2. Research on the life cycle integrated manage ment of construction projects based on BIM%基于 BIM的建设工程项目全寿命期集成管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张飞涟; 郭三伟; 杨中杰

    2015-01-01

    Aiming at existing problems of the traditional construction projects management,we took BIMtechnol-ogy as the angle of view to analysis the life cycle integrated management of construction projects.Due to the simi-larities between the two aspects,this paper proposed the life cycle integrated management research framework of construction projects based on BIMtechnology and put forward some suggestions that BIMtechnology is applied to the life cycle integrated management of construction projects through the organic integration of them.It was ex-pected to improve the life cycle integrated management level of construction projects,expand the application field of BIMtechnology,and enrich the theory and method system of the life cycle integrated management of construc-tion projects in china.%针对传统建设工程项目管理存在的问题,以 BIM技术为视角来分析建设工程项目全寿命期集成管理。由于二者存在相似相通之处,通过二者的有机集成,构建基于 BIM技术的建设工程项目全寿命期集成管理研究框架,提出 BIM技术应用于建设工程项目全寿命期集成管理的建议,期望提高建设工程项目全寿命期集成管理水平,拓展 BIM技术应用领域,丰富我国建设工程项目全寿命期集成管理的理论和方法体系。

  3. Information systems for material flow management in construction processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mesároš, P.; Mandičák, T.

    2015-01-01

    The article describes the options for the management of material flows in the construction process. Management and resource planning is one of the key factors influencing the effectiveness of construction project. It is very difficult to set these flows correctly. The current period offers several options and tools to do this. Information systems and their modules can be used just for the management of materials in the construction process.

  4. 基于 ASP.NET 的仓储管理系统建设%Construction of Warehouse Management System Based on ASP.NET

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐能有

    2013-01-01

      through the enterprise warehouse management system, evaluation system structure and development platform choice. The article analyses the design subsystem, warehouse management system, warehouse management system the user authentication module and inventory management procedures are studied in detail. The construction of the system, help to improve the rate of enterprise storage statistics. The system can tracking, monitoring, scheduling, inventory, and promote the management efficiency.%  通过阐述企业仓储管理系统的作用,评价了系统的体系结构和开发平台的选择,分析了仓储管理系统的子系统设计,对仓储管理系统的用户的身份认证模块和库存管理程序进行了详细研究。系统的建设有助于提高企业仓储统计率,能全程跟踪、监控、调度库存量,促进了管理效率的提升。

  5. On-Site Construction Productivity Improvement Through Total Quality Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-12-01

    Total Quality Management (TQM) used by many manufacturing companies to improve the state of their industry. TQM management techniques have been successful in manufacturing, service, and most recently in construction industries. Three Japanese contractors have earned the coveted Deming

  6. Construction management through bot:Taiwan high speed rall case

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHANG Luh-maan; CHEN Po-han

    2004-01-01

    One of the key elements in real estate management is streamlining the construction process. Thus,the facilities can be built on a faster, cheaper, and higher quality base. Consequently, it will enhance the owner's competitiveness. Due to the high cost and lengthy duration of mega-construction projects in recent years,Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) contracts are getting popular in delivering constructed projects in the public sector. With BOT, the public owners are able to focus on the effectiveness of fair resource allocation as well as bring the efficiency of private enterprise into governmental operations.This paper uses Taiwan High Speed Rail project to exemplify the BOT method in executing the constructed projects in the chain of real estate management processes. The paper explains the reasons for building HSR and adopting BOT approach.The detail of the HSR project and the feasibility analysis of the project will be presented in this paper. The feasibility analysis comprises the comparisons of different transportation means, the financial analysis, and other benefits from HSR. Finally, conclusions will be drawn.

  7. A proposed model for construction project management ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The lack of a proper communication skills model for project management may ... done to identify the most important project management communication skills and applications of communication that effective project managers should possess.

  8. The Improvement Model of Construction Project Risk Management Capability Based on Maturity%基于成熟度的工程项目风险管理能力提升模型研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温国锋

    2015-01-01

    本研究从建筑企业的视角,建立起包括属性、水平和范围三个维度的工程项目风险管理成熟度模型(CPRM3),提出了建筑企业项目风险管理能力的分阶段持续式提升策略,阐明了CPRM3模型的运行机制,构建了项目风险管理成熟度评价指标体系和基于雷达图的评价模型。%In this study, from the perspective of the construction enterprises, construction project risk management maturity model (CPRM3) is built. The model includes three dimensions: attributes, arranges and levels. The model provides a method to improve the risk management capability of construction enterprises. The strategy for construction enterprises improving their risk management capabilities and the operation mechanism of the model are put forward. Assessment index system of the project risk management maturity and the assessment method based on radar chart is brought forward.

  9. The Construction of the Performance Management Teaching Portfolio Evaluation System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范华

    2016-01-01

    Two of the evaluation, Teaching Portfolio and Performance Management, have being introduced in this article, in order to lead to the construction of the Performance Management Teaching Portfolio Evaluation System.The Performance Manage-ment Teaching Portfolio Evaluation System has advantages of both Teaching Portfolio and Performance Management. The arti-cle also also has listed the elements and some examples of the Performance Management Teaching Portfolio Evaluation System.

  10. Fuzzy based risk register for construction project risk assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuchta, Dorota; Ptaszyńska, Ewa

    2017-07-01

    The paper contains fuzzy based risk register used to identify risks which appear in construction projects and to assess their attributes. Risk is considered here as a possible event with negative consequences for the project [4]. We use different risk attributes in the proposed risk register. Values of risk attributes are generated by using fuzzy numbers. Specific risk attributes have different importance for project managers of construction projects. To compare specific risk attributes we use methods of fuzzy numbers ranking. The main strengths of the proposed concept in managing construction projects are also presented in the paper.

  11. Life cycle assessment of construction and demolition waste management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Butera, Stefania; Christensen, Thomas Højlund; Astrup, Thomas Fruergaard

    2015-01-01

    Life cycle assessment (LCA) modelling of construction and demolition waste (C&DW) management was carried out. The functional unit was management of 1 Mg mineral, source separated C&DW, which is either utilised in road construction as a substitute for natural aggregates, or landfilled. The assessed...

  12. Leveraging Text Content for Management of Construction Project Documents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alqady, Mohammed

    2012-01-01

    The construction industry is a knowledge intensive industry. Thousands of documents are generated by construction projects. Documents, as information carriers, must be managed effectively to ensure successful project management. The fact that a single project can produce thousands of documents and that a lot of the documents are generated in a…

  13. Occupational health management system: A study of expatriate construction professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, I Y S; Leung, M Y; Liu, A M M

    2016-08-01

    Due to its direct impact on the safety and function of organizations, occupational health has been a concern of the construction industry for many years. The inherent complexity of occupational health management presents challenges that make a systems approach essential. From a systems perspective, health is conceptualized as an emergent property of a system in which processes operating at the individual and organizational level are inextricably connected. Based on the fundamental behavior-to-performance-to-outcome (B-P-O) theory of industrial/organizational psychology, this study presents the development of an I-CB-HP-O (Input-Coping Behaviors-Health Performance-Outcomes) health management systems model spanning individual and organizational boundaries. The model is based on a survey of Hong Kong expatriate construction professionals working in Mainland China. Such professionals tend to be under considerable stress due not only to an adverse work environment with dynamic tasks, but also the need to confront the cross-cultural issues arising from expatriation. A questionnaire was designed based on 6 focus groups involving 44 participants, and followed by a pilot study. Of the 500 questionnaires distributed in the main study, 137 valid returns were received, giving a response rate of 27.4%. The data were analyzed using statistical techniques such as factor analysis, reliability testing, Pearson correlation analysis, multiple regression modeling, and structural equation modeling. Theories of coping behaviors and health performance tend to focus on the isolated causal effects of single factors and/or posits the model at single, individual level; while industrial practices on health management tend to focus on organizational policy and training. By developing the I-CB-HP-O health management system, incorporating individual, interpersonal, and organizational perspectives, this study bridges the gap between theory and practice while providing empirical support for a

  14. Knowledge-based planning for construction projects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zozaya-Gorostiza, C.A.

    1988-01-01

    This study investigates the development of knowledge-based computer tools that assist an engineer during the construction planning process. A knowledge-based expert-system architecture which provides means for representing and using project planning knowledge is described. This architecture, called PLANEX, has been used for developing three prototype knowledge-based systems for construction, excavation, and manufacturing project planning. One of these prototypes, called CONSTRUCTION PLANEX, assists in the planning for the excavation and structural erection of concrete and steel buildings. This system uses construction planning knowledge to generate project activity networks, recommend appropriate construction technologies, estimate durations and costs and prepare project schedules. CONSTRUCTION PLANEX has been applied in laboratory simulations in three ways: interactively as an intelligent assistant, independently as an automated planner, and as part of an integrated building design environment. Example applications have ranged from two to twenty stories. The development of the PLANEX architecture and the CONSTRUCTION PLANEX system produced contributions in several research areas.

  15. Construction and practice of nursing experimental teaching management system based on the competence-based education%构建胜任力本位教育的护理实验教学管理体系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秀红; 马彦秋子; 许爽; 徐奕旻

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To construct nursing experimental teaching management system based on the competence-based education.Methods: Using competence-based education theory and principles, according to the main link in the experiment teaching, the management system and detailed rules were formulated in the teaching process, equipment, safety and laboratory opening. The management duties and obligations of teachers, technicians and students are clarified.Results: Through the design, trial operation, improvement and confirmation of management system, taking strengthening the cultivation of student's ability as a concept, the new experimental teaching management system based on the competence-based education was established.Conclusion:Scientific, overall, high quality, efficient management system can maximally realize resources sharing and benefit maximization, provide strong backing and technical support for competency-based experimental teaching goal.%目的:建立胜任力本位教育的护理实验教学管理体系,以提高学生的综合能力和素质。方法:运用胜任力本位教育理论和原则,按照实验教学运行中的主要环节,在教学过程、仪器设备、安全及实验室开放等方面制定管理制度和细则,明确各环节教师、技术人员及学生的管理职责和义务。结果:通过管理体系的设计、试运行、改进和确认,以强化学生能力培养为理念,初步建立了与胜任力本位教育改革相匹配的全新的实验教学管理体系。结论:科学、全面、优质及高效的管理体系,可最大限度地实现人、财、物的资源共享和效益最大化,为胜任力本位实验教学目标提供技术支持。

  16. Thue use of Management Contracts for Construction in Hong Kong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dr.S.L.Tang

    2002-01-01

    A traditional construction contract requires all detal design works to be completed before tendering and subsequent construction works can commence,and therefor erequires a longer time for project completion.This paper describes a relatively new way of construction procurement using management contracts',which allow design construction overlap,and hence reduce project duration.There are advantages in management contracting,but there are disadvantages too.They are discussed in detal in this paper.Two management contracts executed in Hong Kong are used as case studies to illustrate the said advantages and disadvantages.Conclusion is then made and pssible further research work is alkso suggested.

  17. 基于软件开发“顶层设计”理论的管理会计体系构建%The Construction of Management Accounting System Based on Software Development Theory“Hierarchy Design”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许金叶

    2016-01-01

    The construction of management accounting system is an urgent issue in enterprises management accounting development. Whether the management accounting system can be informatized is the important standard to evaluate the scientificity of management accounting systems in different versions. Based on the software development theory “hierarchy design”, this paper analyzes the recognition differentiation on the boundary and system of management accounting and defines the outer boundary of management accounting system, and constructs the cubic system of internal management accounting composed of space, time and technology.%管理会计体系建设问题是企业管理会计发展中一个亟需解决的问题。管理会计体系能否信息化是评价当前各种“版本”管理会计体系科学性的重要标准。根据软件开发过程中的“顶层设计”理论,本文分析了当前管理会计边界与体系的认识偏差,界定了管理会计体系的外部边界,并构建了由内容维、过程维、技术维三个维度组成的内部管理会计立体体系。

  18. Technological and regulatory aspects of quality management during the life cycle of investment and construction projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kropyvko Serhii Maksymovych

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The division of the life cycle of investment and construction projects in four phases, based on their technological features, is proposed in the article. Regulatory aspects of quality management during each phase of the life cycle of investment and construction projects are analyzed. The model of quality management during the phases of the life cycle of investment and construction project is developed.

  19. Mapping site-based construction workers’ motivation: Expectancy theory approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parviz Ghoddousi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to apply a recently proposed model of motivation based on expectancy theory to site-based workers in the construction context and confirm the validity of this model for the construction industry. The study drew upon data from 194 site-based construction workers in Iran to test the proposed model of motivation. To this end, the structural equation modelling (SEM approach based on the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA technique was deployed. The study reveals that the proposed model of expectancy theory incorporating five indicators (i.e. intrinsic instrumentality, extrinsic instrumentality, intrinsic valence, extrinsic valence and expectancy is able to map the process of construction workers’ motivation. Nonetheless, the findings posit that intrinsic indicators could be more effective than extrinsic ones. This proffers the necessity of construction managers placing further focus on intrinsic motivators to motivate workers. 

  20. Mapping site-based construction workers’ motivation: Expectancy theory approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parviz Ghoddousi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to apply a recently proposed model of motivation based on expectancy theory to site-based workers in the construction context and confirm the validity of this model for the construction industry. The study drew upon data from 194 site-based construction workers in Iran to test the proposed model of motivation. To this end, the structural equation modelling (SEM approach based on the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA technique was deployed. The study reveals that the proposed model of expectancy theory incorporating five indicators (i.e. intrinsic instrumentality, extrinsic instrumentality, intrinsic valence, extrinsic valence and expectancy is able to map the process of construction workers’ motivation. Nonetheless, the findings posit that intrinsic indicators could be more effective than extrinsic ones. This proffers the necessity of construction managers placing further focus on intrinsic motivators to motivate workers.

  1. STIMULATION OF CONSTRUCTION OF AFFORDABLE HOUSING BY REFORMATION OF A CONSTRUCTION COMPLEX MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BRONEVYTSKYI S. P.

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. Development of offers on stimulation of construction of affordable housing by reformation of a construction complex management system. Methodology. The revelation of the problems of planning of construction in large cities. The analysis of forming of structure of a build complex management in soviet times and in a transitional period. The revelation of the modern, actual, socio-economic problems of the construction activity management. Proposition on the improvement of methods of construction management in cities of Ukraine. Results. The methods of a construction complex management in countries with a market economy as for building of affordable housing are shown. Originality. In composition of a town-planning documentations, except for the norms of the common use of territories of city (density of population of micro region, the maximum parameters of a construction examining of land areas are proposed to determine: building percent and coefficient of maximum superficial area. Practical value. The principle of management and organization of construction is norms of a build use of territories for building of mass affordable housing for funds of population and investors while providing of the comfort of housing in accordance with state construction norms.

  2. BASES OF CONSTRUCTIVITY OF MODERN PERSONALITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalya Petrovna Shatalova

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Formation of bases of constructibility is important process at this stage of de-velopment of our state. Personality of modern type must be capable to self-determination, competent adoption of constructive decisions and manifestation of a personal responsibility for the constructive election, personality of modern type must be capable for self-determination, competent adoption of constructive decisions and manifestation to a personal responsibility for the constructive choice. Formation of bases of constructibility in the course of education is caused by use of constructive tasks and the constructive educational environment which define innovative recep-tions and skills of influence as methods of pedagogical influence taking into account constantly changing circumstances. Extent of mastering each member of society bases of constructibility defines a spiritual condition of society, of the present and the future of our country, development of economy and culture in general.Purpose: consideration of question about development of constructive thinking and constructive skills of personality in modern constructive educational environ-ment.Methodology: formal pedagogical method, the theoretical modeling, the meth-od of participant observation.Results. In the article is give the short analysis of problem of development of personality in modern society, opened the concept of constructibility of the personali-ty and her basic components, classification constructive tasks investigated, specified preparatory steps for organization of the conditions of development of a constructibil-ity and gives a brief description of their. Article has the scientific value as contains au-thor's generalizations possessing scientific novelty and the conclusions directed on disclosure of problems of formation and development of the modern personality, considered from the point of view of the theory of democratic constructivism in edu-cation.Practical implications: pedagogical

  3. Implementation of Risk Management in Malaysian Construction Industry: Case Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamzah Abdul-Rahman

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Construction industries are exposed to wide array of risks, such as financial, design, and contractual ones, which might have a direct impact on their performance toward achieving the desired objectives. Risk Management is a proactive decision-making process used to minimize and manage the risks in the most efficient and appropriate manner. However, most construction firms in Malaysia do not apply formal risk management in their projects. Thus, this study aims to identify the actual process of risk management that is being applied in the construction projects and to determine the effects of risk management implementation on the performance of the construction projects in terms of time and cost. The data were obtained from four case studies in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, through semistructured interviews. It was found that the implementation of risk management process in Malaysian construction industry is still at a low level, mainly due to the fact that most of the construction employees involved in risk management are not fully aware of the available risk management techniques that can be applied in construction projects.

  4. Implications of quality management in the Greek construction industry

    OpenAIRE

    Mega, T.

    2008-01-01

    Quality is about adding value to the construction process. By applying quality management as a means to improve current project management performance, it is envisaged that each firm will be able to contribute more effectively to the value adding process in the construction supply chain, with the ultimate goal of satisfying the customer. A broad range of integrated quality-focused strategies which include supply chain and customer focus, top management commitment and leadership, training and ...

  5. Best Practice of Construction Waste Management and Minimization

    OpenAIRE

    Khor Jie Cheng; Md Azree Othuman Mydin

    2014-01-01

    Material management is an important issue as seen in construction waste management. Best practice of material management is accompanied by various benefits which are acknowledged by several studies. The site layout has particular effects on both materials and their waste through effective waste management practice. Ignoring the benefits of material management could result in a daily reduction in productivity of up to 40% by material wastage. Thus, the benefits of effectiv...

  6. The strategic management of construction companies during ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article reports on the results from a study done on the strident economic times in the construction ..... literature review of the existing theory focused mainly on turnaround .... half of the respondent companies (54.5%) entered into contracts.

  7. Portfolio management for investment projects in the construction industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kozlov Alexander

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The Russian business community has realized the need for project/targeted programme management procedures; therefore, the demand for customized project-oriented management methods goes up. In the meantime, this demand is not supplied in full, and the supply is far from being efficient. Project management methodologies need further improvement, including development of portfolio management processes applicable to investment projects developed and implemented in the construction industry. The article considers General approaches to the formalization of the management of portfolios of investment–construction projects. For the main groups of processes portfolio management (“Formation and alignment”, “Monitoring and control” and “Support and development” deals with their constituent sub-processes. The proposed decomposition can be used for both portfolio construction and investment projects and also has an invariant character, which allows extending the proposed approaches to other system target–oriented and project–oriented management.

  8. Best Practice of Construction Waste Management and Minimization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khor Jie Cheng

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Material management is an important issue as seen in construction waste management. Best practice of material management is accompanied by various benefits which are acknowledged by several studies. The site layout has particular effects on both materials and their waste through effective waste management practice. Ignoring the benefits of material management could result in a daily reduction in productivity of up to 40% by material wastage. Thus, the benefits of effective material management must be well comprehended for the sake of waste minimization. Another convincing fact about waste is that poor site management accounts for the largest factor of waste generation. Hence the site condition is very crucial in developing effective material management. Factors contributing to the efficiency of material management process are effective logistical management and supply chain management. The logistics system must be performing as schedule so that materials are wisely managed on-site without encountering presence of excessive materials. As materials management is closely related to logistics in construction projects, there will be delay in construction projects when materials are not delivered to site as scheduled. The management must be effective in terms of delivery, off-loading, storage, handling, on-site transportation and on-site utilization of materials.

  9. Construction of Discipline Navigation Based on the Learning Management System%基于学习管理系统的学科导航建设研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙叶; 雷英杰

    2014-01-01

    With the development of E-learning concept ,the construction of digital campus has been a main trend in higher education .Course/Learning Management Systems are becoming an integral part of learning environments in universities of USA and some Chinese versions have been developed .Taking this into consideration ,the paper took a view on how to combine the already existed discipline navigation in university libraries with the adaptive Learning Management Systems ,which were emphatically on speeding up the deployment of the learning management system and integrating the existing resources ,upgrading the standards and measurements of the digital resources ,and focu-sing more on teacher processional development ,so that the function of discipline navigation and the corresponding services in university libraries might be improved.%分析美国高校教学信息化普遍采用的“课程/学习管理系统”,在比对中文版学习管理系统开发研究基础上,就高校学科导航服务存在的问题进行剖析,指出从加快部署学习管理系统整合现有资源、制定教学资源标准和配套措施以及关注教师专业发展等方面,提升学科导航的功能,使之更有效地为师生提供服务。

  10. Construction management scheduling and control: The familiar historical overview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Behnam Ali

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper suggests that ‘management by exception’ is an historical default control mechanism based on the perception of control as a static process. However, increasingly scholars claim that a dynamic and proactive systems model is a more effective form of project control. These findings are the result of an historical desktop research method that analysed content from a small sample of scheduling methods and control approaches found in online and university library resources. The concept of control has historically influenced both visualization and analytics of different scheduling methods for construction project management. This paper focuses on two control ideals; static and dynamic control mechanisms. The overview begins with the description of early graphical scheduling techniques: Gantt charts and Harmonogram. It continues with examples of contributors to scheduling and control that include: CPM, PERT, LOB, Flowline and Location Based Management. The finding of this simple history suggests that change is the constant element for project control mechanisms. An object-based digital environment such as the data-rich building information modelling (BIM appears to be continuing the change for new scheduling methods and control mechanisms.

  11. Risk management in the construction industry: a new literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renault Berenger Y.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The construction industry is well known as a highly risk prone industry owing to the complexity of its activities and dynamic project environments generating an atmosphere of risks that must be taken into consideration in the decision process. For this reason, we have developed this treatise to elucidate the fundamentals of risk management through a concise new proposal of literature review for risk management in construction. Our explanation of this is venture is that over the years, this area has been acknowledged as a crucial process in the business institutions and the most discussed subject among experts and researchers in the construction sector. We have tried in this report to present the most recent studies considering the impossibility to present all definitions of the concept of risk. This study is mainly a literature review; it looks at the literature relating to the concept of risk, risk management in construction as well as methods used in construction industry.

  12. Problem Based Learning in Constructed Textile Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sayer, Kate; Wilson, Jacquie; Challis, Simon

    2006-01-01

    Staff observing undergraduate students enrolled on the BSc Hons Textile Design and Design Management programme in The School of Materials, The University of Manchester, identified difficulties with knowledge retention in the area of constructed textile design. Consequently an experimental pilot was carried out in seamless knitwear design using a…

  13. Technology management in construction: Lessons for the practice of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Technology management in construction: Lessons for the practice of architecture. ... The thrust of the issue addressed in this article is the assessment of the status ... business strategy, but also benefits project partners during implementation.

  14. Management Information Control Systems for Educational Facility Construction Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halverson, Walter S.

    1989-01-01

    Describes a computerized management information control system for an educational facility construction program that allows access to more than 50 major system applications, using over 5,000 programs. (MLF)

  15. The construction project manager in South Africa: Analysis of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Industry-specific guidelines for construction project management (PMBOK and ... was essential for effective leadership, trust and communication within a project. ... factors were compromised and project success could be negatively affected.

  16. National Bases Constructed to Stockpile Oil

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fu Rong

    2003-01-01

    @@ CNPC has recently started the preliminary work for construction of the large-scale oil stockpiling base in Yizheng City, Jiangsu Province. When the base is completed, it will be connected to CNPC's other oil stockpiling bases in Qinhuangdao and Huangdao, shaping the country's national oil stockpiling base at its preliminary stage.

  17. 基于信息管理系统在建筑工程管理中的应用探讨%Application of Information Management System Based on Construction Project Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵泽生

    2016-01-01

    The rapid development of information management systems in the construction industry has become China's construction industry has been widely recognized and contributed to the development of the progress,but compared with the international advanced level of technology,China's information management system there is a big gap.How to shorten the gap,to further enhance the application of information technology maturity in the construction project management, this article is to be explored in depth.%信息里管理系统的快速发展在建筑行业成为我国建筑行业得到广泛认可和不断发展进步上功不可没,但是与国际先进技术水平相比,我国的信息管理系统还存在很大差距。如何缩短差距,进一步提升信息技术在建筑工程管理中的应用成熟度,是本文要进行深入探讨的。

  18. Construction of Public Training base in Vocational Economics and Management%高职院校经管类公共实训基地建设探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘新仁; 朱雪兰

    2012-01-01

    高职院校经管类公共实训基地是高职院校为培养高技能人才提供实训条件的实践性教学平台,具有资源共享,形式开放的特点。本文从经管类公共实训基地建立思路为切入点,从实训基地建立原则及建立形式及经管类公共实训基地运行与管理等方面进行初步的探析。%Practical teaching platform of public training base in vocational colleges vocational colleges provide training con- ditions for training highly skilled personnel, resource sharing, open characteristics of the form. This article from the economies and management of public training base ideas as a starting point to establish the principles and the establishment of the reliminary robe into the form and administer class operation and management of public training base from the training base.

  19. 基于MVC构建实验教学管理信息系统%Construction of a Experimental Teaching Management Information System Based on MVC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄世梅; 傅金枝

    2012-01-01

    According to the problems of traditional experimental teaching management mode,this paper designes a Web-based experimental teaching management information system,introduces the MVC design pattern,the system architectures and functions,gives the implementation method of the course scheduling function.%针对目前高校实验教学的管理现状,设计了一个基于Web的实验教学管理信息系统,介绍了MVC设计模式、系统的架构和功能,并重点给出了系统的排课功能的实现方法。

  20. Management of sustainability issues in construction works processes

    OpenAIRE

    Persson, Urban

    2010-01-01

    The implementation of sustainability in the construction sector depends to varying extents at global, national, regional, local, corporate and individual levels. In addition, it appears to be a lack of knowledge transfer to local construction project management according to managing the process towards sustainability. Accordantly to environmental legislation, it is the client that is the responsibility part, performing activities as owner and developer. By the standard ISO 15392: “Sustainabil...

  1. Construction of the Intelligent Library Management System Based on RFID%基于RFID技术的智慧图书馆管理系统研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁志秀

    2014-01-01

    介绍了RFID技术的发展及在图书馆领域的应用现状,提出了基于RFID技术的智慧图书馆管理系统构架框架,借助EPCIS Repository协定的数据接口,实现了RFID系统和传统图书馆自动化集成系统的数据交换,进而完成RFID智慧图书馆管理体系设计。最后详细讨论了RFID智慧图书馆业务模块设置与关键环节业务流程。基于RFID技术的智慧型图书馆管理系统简化了读者借还书手续,为图书馆提供全新盘点模式,降低管理人员的劳动强度,大幅提高图书盘点及错架图书整理效率提供了基础。%This paper introduces the development of RFID technology and application status in the field of library, puts forward the wisdom library management system framework based on RFID technology, using EPCIS data interface of Repository agree-ment, the realization of the RFID system and the traditional library automation integrated system of data exchange, and then com-plete the design of management system of wisdom library RFID. Finally, the RFID intelligent library business module settings and key part of the business process is discussed in detail. Intelligent library management system RFID technology simplifies the reader through book procedures based on inventory, provide a new library, reducing the labor intensity of management, greatly improve the book inventory and the wrong books provide the foundation consolidation efficiency.

  2. Trend-Analysis and Research Direction in Construction Management Literature

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Jesper Kranker; Ussing, Lene Faber; Brunø, Thomas Ditlev

    2013-01-01

    Planning and scheduling, both in the form of pre-assembly construction as well as increase in cost and time are all themes that haven’t been studies in a trend-analysis, with the purpose of finding gaps and research directions in the literature. The aim of this paper is therefor to analyze...... of Construction Engineering and Management....

  3. Management of Sustainability in Construction Works

    OpenAIRE

    Persson, Urban

    2009-01-01

    The present global environmental condition is a consequence of the increasing consumption of natural resources whose depletion exceeds what is physically possible to sustain in the long term. The construction sector is a considerable contributor to this resource depletion and sustainability is adopted in the form of the theory of ecological modernization. The implementation depends to varying extents on sustainability demands at the global, national, regional, local, corporate and individual ...

  4. [Expectations and patient satisfaction in hospitals: construction and application of an expectation-based experience typology and its use in the management of quality and expectations].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gehrlach, Christoph; Güntert, Bernhard

    2015-01-01

    Patient satisfaction (PS) surveys are frequently used evaluation methods to show performance from the customer's view. This approach has some fundamental deficits, especially with respect to theory, methodology and usage. Because of the significant theoretical value of the expectation confirmation/disconfirmation concept in the development of PS, an expectation-based experience typology has been developed and tested to check whether this approach could be a theoretical and practical alternative to the survey of PS. Due to the mainly cognitive-rational process of comparison between expectations and expectation fulfilment, it is easier to make changes in this stage of the process than in the subsequent stage of the development of PS that is mainly based on emotional-affective processes. The paper contains a literature review of the common concept of PS and its causal and influencing factors. Based on the theoretical part of this study, an expectation-based experience typology was developed. In the next step, the typology was subjected to exploratory testing, based on two patient surveys. In some parts of the tested typology explorative differences could be found between hospitals. Despite this rather more complex and unusual approach to expectation-based experience typology, this concept offers the chance to change conditions not only retrospectively (based on data), but also in a prospective way in terms of a "management of expectations".

  5. The Lived Experience of Online Educators: Insights from Construction Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willy Sher

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Academics in higher education institutions often experience the conflicting demands of teaching, research and administration. With the growth of online education these staff are frequently required to design, develop, teach, facilitate and, in some cases, administer online courses. Cumulatively these additional tasks challenge academics, not only in terms of the personal professional development but also in accommodating the range of tasks expected of them. This paper reports the findings of a study which investigated the lived experience of construction management academics teaching at universities in Australia. The study adopted a lived experience research approach that enabled the lives of construction management academics to be investigated through the collection of a mixture of qualitative and quantitative data. The study provides empirical evidence of a range of challenges facing those delivering online courses. Recommendations for online teachers and online course designers emerged from this study with application to both faculty-based and institution-wide practices. The findings are relevant to those in the higher education sector who are involved in online teaching, course design for online delivery and professional development related to online initiatives.

  6. Safety Management Practices in the Bhutanese Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kin Dorji

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The construction industry is considered as one of the most hazardous industrial sectors wherein the construction workers are more prone to accidents. In developed countries such as United Kingdom and United States of America, there is strict legal enforcement of safety in the construction industry and also in the implementation of safety management systems which are designed to minimize or eliminate accidents at work places. However, occupational safety in construction industry is very poor in developing countries such as Bhutan. This study investigates the prevalent safety management practices and perceptions in the construction industry in Bhutan. The study was conducted among 40 construction contractors and 14 government officials through method of questionnaire survey, interview and discussion. The result of the study revealed that there are many occupational safety problems in the construction industry in Bhutan, problems such as lack of safety regulations and standards, low priority of safety, lack of data on safety at construction sites, lack of competent manpower, lack of safety training, lack of safety promotion and lack of documented and organized safety management systems. Furthermore, the study also proposes some recommendations for safe construction in Bhutan.

  7. 基于SmartPlant Foundation的工厂基础信息管理系统建设%Construction of Factory Foundation Information Management System Based on Smartplant Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹毅; 董光顺; 毕福伟

    2013-01-01

    Design and implementation process of the factory foundation information management system based on SmartPlant Foundation were introduced. The factory foundation information management system can effectively manage vast amounts of dynamic,complex engineering data which large refining and chemical enterprises are facing in the process of construction and operation and maintenance.%  阐述了基于SmartPlant Foundation平台的工厂基础信息管理系统的设计及实施过程,工厂基础信息管理系统可以有效地管理大型炼油化工企业在建设及运营维护过程中面临的海量、动态、复杂的工程类数据。

  8. Based on Analysis of Highway Roadbed Construction Management%基于公路路基路面施工管理的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱青霞

    2014-01-01

    The development of the transportation system in our country, the highway is one of the most important part of highway in actual use should play its proper value, and the development of value depends on the quality of the road itself. Articles will from set out actually, the system of the content of the management for highway pavement construction in our country for further analysis, and put forward corresponding suggestions.%公路是我国交通系统发展过程中最重要的一部分,公路在实际使用时应当发挥其应有的价值,而价值的发挥全在于公路本身的质量。文章从实际出发,系统地对我国公路路面施工的管理内容进行进一步的分析,并提出相应的建议措施。

  9. Twelve tips for constructing problem-based learning cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azer, Samy A; Peterson, Ray; Guerrero, Anthony P S; Edgren, Gudrun

    2012-01-01

    One of the key elements for introducing a problem-based learning (PBL) programme is constructing good PBL cases. Good cases should reflect the educational principles of PBL including (a) integration of basic and clinical sciences together with professionalism and psychosocial components, (b) encouragement of discussion of cognitive domains such as identification of problems, generation of hypotheses, construction of an enquiry plan, weighing evidence for and against each hypothesis, interpretation of findings, construction of mechanisms, using evidence to refine the hypothesis and construction of a management plan, (c) encouragement of discussion of cases in small groups with an emphasis on student-centred learning, (d) promotion of collaborative learning and contribution of students to the case discussion and (e) encouragement of teamwork and self-directed learning strategies. Despite the importance of construction of good PBL cases to the success of a PBL programme, the art of construction of these cases is understudied or described in the literature. Based on our experience in PBL and evidence from literature, we described 12 tips for constructing good PBL cases. Constructing good PBL cases is an art that necessitates teamwork and input from several different disciplines. Cases should be constructed using a template reflecting the educational objectives of the programme. This approach will ensure optimum learning outcomes and consistency in the design and delivery of cases.

  10. Roles of supply chain management in construction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vrijhoef, R.; Koskela, L.

    1999-01-01

    Supply chain management (SCM) is a concept that has flourished in manufacturing, originating from Just-In-Time (JIT) production and logistics. Today, SCM represents an autonomous managerial concept, although still largely dominated by logistics. SCM endeavors to observe the entire scope of the suppl

  11. Roles of supply chain management in construction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vrijhoef, R.; Koskela, L.

    1999-01-01

    Supply chain management (SCM) is a concept that has flourished in manufacturing, originating from Just-In-Time (JIT) production and logistics. Today, SCM represents an autonomous managerial concept, although still largely dominated by logistics. SCM endeavors to observe the entire scope of the

  12. 基于混搭架构的私有云管理平台建设思路探讨%Construction of Private Cloud Management Platform Based on Mashup Architecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国; 何进

    2015-01-01

    随着云计算技术在企业的应用,以及资源池大规模的部署,如何有效地对云数据中心硬件资源进行可视化管理和调度,云管理平台已成为企业构建云数据中心的必然选择。首先介绍了云管理平台的概念、功能架构,并对市场主流的云管理平台进行了比较。最后以中国联通建设私有云管理平台为例,详细阐述了其硬件资源的现状及存在问题,通过对2种技术方案的比较,提出了基于混搭架构云管理平台的建设思路和3个阶段的演进步骤。%With the application of cloud computing technology and resource pool large-scale deployment in the enterprise, how to man-age and control the hardware resource in cloud data center, cloud management platform has become an inevitable choice for enterprise to build the cloud data center. The concept and the functional architecture of cloud management platform are intro-duced. The comparison is also made among the mainstream cloud management platform. Further, the private cloud manage-ment platform construction of China Unicom is taken as an example, and its present situation and problems are discussed in detail. Through comparison of two technical methods, construction ideas and three stage three stage evolution of private cloud management platform based on mashup architecture is proposed.

  13. Data base management study

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-01-01

    Data base management techniques and applicable equipment are described. Recommendations which will assist potential NASA data users in selecting and using appropriate data base management tools and techniques are presented. Classes of currently available data processing equipment ranging from basic terminals to large minicomputer systems were surveyed as they apply to the needs of potential SEASAT data users. Cost and capabilities projections for this equipment through 1985 were presented. A test of a typical data base management system was described, as well as the results of this test and recommendations to assist potential users in determining when such a system is appropriate for their needs. The representative system tested was UNIVAC's DMS 1100.

  14. On the Construction and Management of Training Base Outside Campus of the Power Vocational Colleges%电力类高职院校校外实训基地建设与管理探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆燕

    2012-01-01

    校外实训是电力高职院校实践性教学的重要组成部分,加强实训基地的建设和管理是高职院校的办学特色和重要环节,同时也是高职院校提升教学质量、促进学生实践能力的重要手段。只有让学生走进实践中去,和技术岗位零距离接触,才能增强学生们的学习和操作能力。本文首先给出了电力高职院校校外实训基地的作用,接着分析了目前电力高职院校校外实训基地建设与管理存在的问题,最后结合实际对校外实训基地的建设管理提出了具体的建议。%Training outside campus is an important part of the practical teaching of power vocational colleges,and to strengthen the construction and management of the training base is the characteristics and an important part of teaching of vocational colleges,which is an important means to improve teaching quality and promote students′ practical ability.Only by allowing students to participate in practice personally,up close the technical positions,can make students improve their knowledge and ability to operate.Firstly,the article gives the role of training base outside campus of the power vocational colleges,and then analyzes the current problems in the construction and management of the training base outside campus;finally,puts forward the specific recommendations on the actual construction and management of the training base outside campus.

  15. Developed Tunnel Construction Risk Management Software Based on the Web Distribution%Web 分布式的隧道施工风险管理软件(JWRM)开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴波; 赵文娟; 鲁灵惺; 白瑞雪

    2012-01-01

    系统地介绍了一套基于Web网络分布式的隧道施工风险管理软件的功能和实现方法.软件利用网络技术、地下工程风险管理理论及工作环境特点对隧道施工进行全面有效的风险管理.它力图使风险事件和风险因素标准化,为风险计划、风险识别、风险评估、风险处理、风险监控、风险报告生成提供一套完整的解决方案和工作平台.%This paper systematically introduces the function and implementation methods of a set of tunnel construction risk management software which is based on web network distributed. The software can make comprehensive and effective risk management on the tunnel construction utilizes network technology, underground engineering risk management theory and the character of the working environment. It tried to make the risk events and risk factors standardized and provides a complete solution and work platform for risk plan, risk identification, risk assessment, risk management, risk monitoring and risk report generation.

  16. The context of innovation management in construction firms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hartmann, Andreas

    2006-01-01

    Conscious management of innovation in construction firms is becoming more and more a necessity. However, the possibilities and ways to successfully put an innovative idea into practice depend on a range of contingencies. A framework of innovation management was devised to structure the context varia

  17. The Problems of project management software implementation in construction corporations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kagan Pavel

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the main problems facing many companies, implementing software project management activities have been working construction corporation. The company transferred the task performing the activities for the implementation, as well as its purpose. Revealed rules that must be followed to achieve the best results in the implementation of software project management.

  18. 化妆品技术与管理专业实训基地建设的思考%Thoughts on the Construction of Practical Training Base for Technology and Management of Cosmetic

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑公铭

    2015-01-01

    通过分析化妆品行业发展状况明确了化妆品技术与管理专业实训基地的定位和应该承担的任务,并结合当前各高职院校实训基地存在的问题分析,提出了如何进行化妆品技术与管理专业实训基地建设的建议。%The position and task of practical training base for technology and management of cosmetic was con-firm by analyzing the development of cosmetic industry, and the proposal on the construction of practical training base for technology and management of cosmetic was made by analyzing the problem that every higher vocational school cur-rently occurred.

  19. Effectiveness of Practicing Supply Chain Management in Construction Site

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mamter S.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Construction Supply chain management comprised of the network of organization involved in the different processes and activities which produce the material, components and services that come together to design, procurement and deliver a building. It also consists of different organizations involved in the construction process including client/owner, designer, contractor, subcontractor and suppliers. This paper shall present on the implementation of supply chain management in construction and the effectiveness of practicing SCM in construction site. A field study is done from the viewpoint of contractor and consultant then analysed by using average index methods and presented in a statistical analysis. From the analysis, it reveals that effectiveness of practicing the SCM give a lot of good performances and granted benefits to contractor. The statistical analysis produced first ranking effectiveness of SCM is can minimize waste of material and labor for construction project.

  20. Project management: a case study in construction industry

    OpenAIRE

    Kömürcü, Ahmet Murat

    1996-01-01

    Ankara : The Faculty of Management and the Graduate School of Business Administration of Bilkent University, 1996. Thesis (Master's) -- Bilkent University, 1996. Includes bibliographical references leaves 55-56 One of the application areas that project management can effectively be applied is the construction industry. In this thesis, a case study is carried out in order to point out the importance and essentiality of project management, especially project scheduling and control. For...

  1. Primary School Teachers' Views on Constructive Classroom Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ercan ARI

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Behavioural teaching programmes that had long been used in Turkey began changing in 2005. In a significant development, new programmes based on constructivism have come to the fore. The adaptation of teachers in this transitional process and their internalization of this new approach have been of utmost importance for the success of the programme. Difficulties faced by experienced primary school teachers in particular have become a serious matter that should be qualitatively addressed. This study aimed to reveal the views of experienced primary school teachers (175 about constructive classroom management. Interviews were employed to do so. The study revealed that a large majority of the interviewed teachers considered themselves to be successful at classroom management (thanks to factors like experience, close contact with students, their affection for students, etc., while almost half of the teachers thought that classroom management had been much easier in pre-2005 teaching programmes. The results also exposed disturbing behaviours, among them students fighting, the use of improper language, disrupting in-class teaching processes and irrelevant talking among students. The coping techniques adopted for these behaviours were warnings, punishment and more enjoyable teaching that incorporated a range of different activities.

  2. Gendered discursive constructions of bank manager positions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lassen, Inger

    2009-01-01

    , ‘the Bank', discuss their prospects of obtaining management positions in the financial sector. In the second set of data, male colleagues discuss the same issue. My analysis will explore how social roles are stereotyped and evaluated (Martin and White 2005) by two focus groups; in this process I shall...... a sense of security. However, such membership categorization at the same time functions as a system of social control (Sacks and Jefferson 1995) because stereotyped perceptions (Pickering 2001; Schneider 2004) about who we are (our identities) and what we can do (our actions) tend to constrain our range...

  3. Research of construction management on thermal power project based on life cycle theory%基于全寿命周期的火电工程建设管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓鲁

    2011-01-01

    A method of applying life cycle theory into the control and management on thermal power project construction domain was proposed to fit the strong complexity and particularity in the construction process.An integrated control conceptual model on thermal power project construction was established which consists of quality,schedule, investment and safety.And the organization mode of integrated control was set up.Then, the integrated control flow was illustrated in detail.Finally, an information management platform on thermal power project was built up based on life cycle theory.The application result shows that the theory and the platform provide an effective technical support for the construction and management of the thermal power project.%针对火电工程建设具有很强的复杂性和特殊性,将全寿命周期理论应用于火电工程建设的控制和管理领域,建立了集火电工程建设的质量、进度、投资和安全为一体的集成控制概念模型和管理组织模式,论述了火电工程建设过程集成控制流程,并搭建了全寿命周期管理下的火电工程建设信息管理平台.工程应用实例表明,所提出的理论和搭建的平台能有效地提高火电工程建设管理水平,为火电工程建设的控制与管理提供理论与技术支持.

  4. Construction of sow precision feeding & management platform based on IOT%母猪精细养殖管理物联网平台的建立

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡肄农; 张启迪; 黄小国

    2013-01-01

    A sow precision feeding&management platform based on IOT was built , which is called Sow Farm online. It contains the feeding equipment, the wireless sensors based sow physiological parameters monitoring, the animal identification system using electronic tag and reader, the mobile terminal, the SaaS based cloud platform architecture, and so on. By drawing lessons from the developed countries' experience on animal husbandry, the SPFMP was built by combining the traditional breeding facilities technology and IOT technology.%  借鉴畜牧业发达国家的经验,将传统养殖设施和技术与物联网技术结合,同时集成养殖设施监控、母猪生理参数监测的无线传感网系统、电子标签与阅读器等动物标识系统、移动终端技术以及基于SaaS的云平台架构技术,建立了一种基于物联网的母猪精细饲养管理平台,也就是“网上猪场”平台。

  5. Constructing Proxy Variables to Measure Adult Learners' Time Management Strategies in LMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jo, Il-Hyun; Kim, Dongho; Yoon, Meehyun

    2015-01-01

    This study describes the process of constructing proxy variables from recorded log data within a Learning Management System (LMS), which represents adult learners' time management strategies in an online course. Based on previous research, three variables of total login time, login frequency, and regularity of login interval were selected as…

  6. Constructing Proxy Variables to Measure Adult Learners' Time Management Strategies in LMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jo, Il-Hyun; Kim, Dongho; Yoon, Meehyun

    2015-01-01

    This study describes the process of constructing proxy variables from recorded log data within a Learning Management System (LMS), which represents adult learners' time management strategies in an online course. Based on previous research, three variables of total login time, login frequency, and regularity of login interval were selected as…

  7. Application Analysis of Participatory Management in the Construction of Ecological Agriculture Base%参与式管理在生态农业基地建设中的应用性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何艳桃

    2015-01-01

    To change the mode of rural economic development , and focus on the comprehensive coordination of sustainable development ,a coordination development platform for the majority of farmers should be provided by the construction of ecological agriculture base .Par‐ticipatory management refers to encouraging staff to consciously improve productivity management by allowing employees to participate in the decision‐making processes of the organization ,and in‐troducing it into the construction of ecological agriculture base to build a decision making platform which include multi subject such as experts ,managers ,farmers ,non‐governmental organizations and consumers ,then the enthusiasm of participants in agriculture base’ construction would be en‐couraged farthest .%要转变农村经济发展方式,全面协调可持续发展,就必须依托生态农业基地的建设,为广大农民提供协调发展的平台。让员工参与到组织的决策过程中,最终激励员工自觉提高生产率的管理方式,将其引入生态农业基地建设中,搭建专家、管理者、农民、非政府组织、消费者等多主体共同参与决策的平台,可最大限度激励各主体参与农业基地建设的积极性。

  8. Knowledge construction and knowledge sharing: A Wiki-based approach

    OpenAIRE

    Montero Fleta, Maria Begoña; Pérez Sabater, Carmen

    2011-01-01

    The present research, based on constructivist learning paradigms, describes the outcomes of a project which complies with real life projection into the professional world: a Wiki-based approach is devised to construct knowledge, manage own learning and develop communication and linguistic skills in English. The paper aims to analyze the process and product of students¿ contribution to group work. A qualitative analysis reveals the students¿ positive and negative feedback. The stud...

  9. Managing Pre-Construction and Construction Risks on Project Sites in Abuja-Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jimoh R.A.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Managing risks in construction projects has been acknowledged as a key direction process for the purposes of attaining the project goal in terms of time, cost, quality, safety, and environmental sustainability. Hence, the paper evaluated pre-construction and construction risks on active project sites in Abuja-Nigeria. This was achieved using survey method through the self-administration of 35 questionnaires to the professionals handling the 35 identified projects being undertaking at that time. Results showed that errors and omissions in design and improperly defined project scope had mean score values of 3.03 and 2.54, respectively, were the construction risks most experienced by the professionals during pre-construction. On the other hand, fluctuation in market prices and delays with mean score values of 3.14 and 2.74, respectively, were the construction risks experienced by the professionals during the construction phase of the projects. It is recommended that procurement methods such as construction management should be adopted and stakeholders should keep to their own side of the bargain to avoid unnecessary delays.

  10. 基于角色管理的高校集群网站建设分析%Analysis on the Construction of Colleges and University Cluster Websites based on Role Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胥献伟

    2015-01-01

    The core of informatization construction in colleges and universities is to realize the sharing of resources, to achieve this goal, the university website needs a unified information release platform. This paper analyzes the long-standing problems in the construction of the campus website, and puts forward a unified development and man⁃agement website system, which is based on the role management for all departments to share, joint utilization and management, so as to realize one-stop management of the websites cluster.%高校信息化建设的核心是实现资源共享,高校网站要实现这一目标,就需要一个统一的信息发布平台。本文通过分析高校校园网站建设中长期存在的各种问题,提出了统一开发、基于角色管理的供各部门共享、共用、共管的网站管理系统,从而实现网站群一站式管理。

  11. TANK OPERATIONS CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT METHODOLOGY UTILIZING THE AGENCY METHOD OF CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT TO SAFELY AND EFFECTIVELY COMPLETE NUCLEAR CONSTRUCTION WORK

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    LESO KF; HAMILTON HM; FARNER M; HEATH T

    2010-01-14

    Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC (WRPS) has faced significant project management challenges in managing Davis-Bacon construction work that meets contractually required small business goals. The unique challenge is to provide contracting opportunities to multiple small business construction subcontractors while performing high hazard work in a safe and productive manner. Previous to the Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC contract, Construction work at the Hanford Tank Farms was contracted to large companies, while current Department of Energy (DOE) Contracts typically emphasize small business awards. As an integral part of Nuclear Project Management at Hanford Tank Farms, construction involves removal of old equipment and structures and installation of new infrastructure to support waste retrieval and waste feed delivery to the Waste Treatment Plant. Utilizing the optimum construction approach ensures that the contractors responsible for this work are successful in meeting safety, quality, cost and schedule objectives while working in a very hazardous environment. This paper describes the successful transition from a traditional project delivery method that utilized a large business general contractor and subcontractors to a new project construction management model that is more oriented to small businesses. Construction has selected the Agency Construction Management Method. This method was implemented in the first quarter of Fiscal Year (FY) 2009, where Construction Management is performed by substantially home office resources from the URS Northwest Office in Richland, Washington. The Agency Method has allowed WRPS to provide proven Construction Managers and Field Leads to mentor and direct small business contractors, thus providing expertise and assurance of a successful project. Construction execution contracts are subcontracted directly by WRPS to small or disadvantaged contractors that are mentored and supported by DRS personnel. Each small

  12. 25 CFR 900.118 - Do these “construction contract” regulations apply to construction management services?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... project construction documents during the construction stage; (3) Disputes shall be resolved in accordance... construction management services? 900.118 Section 900.118 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE... SELF-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ASSISTANCE ACT Construction § 900.118 Do these “construction contract...

  13. Selection of construction methods: a knowledge-based approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrada, Ximena; Serpell, Alfredo; Skibniewski, Miroslaw

    2013-01-01

    The appropriate selection of construction methods to be used during the execution of a construction project is a major determinant of high productivity, but sometimes this selection process is performed without the care and the systematic approach that it deserves, bringing negative consequences. This paper proposes a knowledge management approach that will enable the intelligent use of corporate experience and information and help to improve the selection of construction methods for a project. Then a knowledge-based system to support this decision-making process is proposed and described. To define and design the system, semistructured interviews were conducted within three construction companies with the purpose of studying the way that the method' selection process is carried out in practice and the knowledge associated with it. A prototype of a Construction Methods Knowledge System (CMKS) was developed and then validated with construction industry professionals. As a conclusion, the CMKS was perceived as a valuable tool for construction methods' selection, by helping companies to generate a corporate memory on this issue, reducing the reliance on individual knowledge and also the subjectivity of the decision-making process. The described benefits as provided by the system favor a better performance of construction projects.

  14. Selection of Construction Methods: A Knowledge-Based Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ximena Ferrada

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The appropriate selection of construction methods to be used during the execution of a construction project is a major determinant of high productivity, but sometimes this selection process is performed without the care and the systematic approach that it deserves, bringing negative consequences. This paper proposes a knowledge management approach that will enable the intelligent use of corporate experience and information and help to improve the selection of construction methods for a project. Then a knowledge-based system to support this decision-making process is proposed and described. To define and design the system, semistructured interviews were conducted within three construction companies with the purpose of studying the way that the method’ selection process is carried out in practice and the knowledge associated with it. A prototype of a Construction Methods Knowledge System (CMKS was developed and then validated with construction industry professionals. As a conclusion, the CMKS was perceived as a valuable tool for construction methods’ selection, by helping companies to generate a corporate memory on this issue, reducing the reliance on individual knowledge and also the subjectivity of the decision-making process. The described benefits as provided by the system favor a better performance of construction projects.

  15. Quality management system in road construction

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    A presente comunicação apresenta e analisa os dados obtidos durante a fase de construção de uma Auto-Estrada em conformidade com um sistema de controlo de qualidade implementado de acordo com a ISO 9001:2000. Os dados experimentais resultam do controlo de compactação das diferentes camadas: aterro, leito do pavimento, sub-base. Estes dados são objecto de uma análise estatística com fins múltiplos, a saber: 1. conhecer as dispersão dos resultados por camada, com verificação da lei ...

  16. System dynamic modeling on construction waste management in Shenzhen, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tam, Vivian W Y; Li, Jingru; Cai, Hong

    2014-05-01

    This article examines the complexity of construction waste management in Shenzhen, Mainland China. In-depth analysis of waste generation, transportation, recycling, landfill and illegal dumping of various inherent management phases is explored. A system dynamics modeling using Stella model is developed. Effects of landfill charges and also penalties from illegal dumping are also simulated. The results show that the implementation of comprehensive policy on both landfill charges and illegal dumping can effectively control the illegal dumping behavior, and achieve comprehensive construction waste minimization. This article provides important recommendations for effective policy implementation and explores new perspectives for Shenzhen policy makers.

  17. Graphical model construction based on evolutionary algorithms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Youlong YANG; Yan WU; Sanyang LIU

    2006-01-01

    Using Bayesian networks to model promising solutions from the current population of the evolutionary algorithms can ensure efficiency and intelligence search for the optimum. However, to construct a Bayesian network that fits a given dataset is a NP-hard problem, and it also needs consuming mass computational resources. This paper develops a methodology for constructing a graphical model based on Bayesian Dirichlet metric. Our approach is derived from a set of propositions and theorems by researching the local metric relationship of networks matching dataset. This paper presents the algorithm to construct a tree model from a set of potential solutions using above approach. This method is important not only for evolutionary algorithms based on graphical models, but also for machine learning and data mining.The experimental results show that the exact theoretical results and the approximations match very well.

  18. On construction of project cost management system based on web platform%基于 web 平台的工程造价管理系统构建研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    荣玮

    2014-01-01

    With the rapid development of web technology,application of web in information man_agement is greatly emphasized in engineering construction field.In order to further strengthen project management and improve operation and maintenance efficiency of project cost data,this paper carries out detailed analysis on all aspects of requirements involved in project cost informa_tion management.Based on that,it designs and implements modern project cost information management system based on web platform taking ASP.NET as technical framework.Results show that modern project cost information platform based on web platform is beneficial for im_proving management efficiency of engineering project.%随着 Web 技术的飞速发展,工程建设领域的信息管理十分重视 web 的应用.为了进一步加强工程项目管理,提升工程造价数据库运维效率,针对工程造价信息管理过程中涉及到的各方需求进行详细分析,在此基础上以 ASP.NET 作为技术框架,设计实现了基于 Web 平台的现代造价信息管理系统.结果表明:基于 web 平台的现代造价信息平台,有利于提高工程项目的管理效率.

  19. The Use of Management Contracts for Construction in Hong Kong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dr. S.L. Tang

    2002-01-01

    A traditional construction contract requires all detail design works to be completed before tendering and subsequentconstruction works can commence, and therefore requires a longer time for project completion. This paper describes ahence reduce project duration. There are advantages in management contracting, but there are disadvantages too. They arediscussed in detail in this paper. Two management contracts executed in Hong Kong are used as case studies to illustrate thesaid advantages and disadvantages. Conclusion is then made and possible further research work is also suggested.

  20. Sustainable construction building performance simulation and asset and maintenance management

    CERN Document Server

    2016-01-01

    This book presents a collection of recent research works that highlight best practice solutions, case studies and practical advice on the implementation of sustainable construction techniques. It includes a set of new developments in the field of building performance simulation, building sustainability assessment, sustainable management, asset and maintenance management and service-life prediction. Accordingly, the book will appeal to a broad readership of professionals, scientists, students, practitioners, lecturers and other interested parties.

  1. Evidence-based management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfeffer, Jeffrey; Sutton, Robert I

    2006-01-01

    For the most part, managers looking to cure their organizational ills rely on obsolete knowledge they picked up in school, long-standing but never proven traditions, patterns gleaned from experience, methods they happen to be skilled in applying, and information from vendors. They could learn a thing or two from practitioners of evidence-based medicine, a movement that has taken the medical establishment by storm over the past decade. A growing number of physicians are eschewing the usual, flawed resources and are instead identifying, disseminating, and applying research that is soundly conducted and clinically relevant. It's time for managers to do the same. The challenge is, quite simply, to ground decisions in the latest and best knowledge of what actually works. In some ways, that's more difficult to do in business than in medicine. The evidence is weaker in business; almost anyone can (and many people do) claim to be a management expert; and a motley crew of sources--Shakespeare, Billy Graham,Jack Welch, Attila the Hunare used to generate management advice. Still, it makes sense that when managers act on better logic and strong evidence, their companies will beat the competition. Like medicine, management is learned through practice and experience. Yet managers (like doctors) can practice their craft more effectively if they relentlessly seek new knowledge and insight, from both inside and outside their companies, so they can keep updating their assumptions, skills, and knowledge.

  2. Construction of Teaching Management System in Higher Vocational Education Based on Working-Learning Combination%基于工学结合的高职教学管理体系构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李志强

    2015-01-01

    工学结合已成为高职教育办学的基本模式,并对高职教学管理提出新挑战。基于工学结合的教育理念,需要构建一个包括管理理念、组织体系和管理机制等基本要素,覆盖从培养目标、教学过程、质量监控和评价到毕业就业全过程的新的高职教学管理体系。%The working-learning has been the basic school-running mode for higher vocational education, which is a new challenge for teaching management. Based on the educational concept of working-learning, it is necessary to construct a new teaching management system in higher vocational education, which contains management principles, organizational system and management mechanism, and covers cultivation target, teaching process, quality monitoring and evaluation, affairs on the graduates and their employment.

  3. Investigating the determinants of contractor's construction and demolition waste management behavior in Mainland China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Zezhou; Yu, Ann T W; Shen, Liyin

    2016-09-06

    The abundant generation of construction and demolition (C&D) waste presents a significant challenge to the sustainable development of the construction industry in Mainland China. As the implementer of construction activities, the contractor's C&D waste management performance plays an important role in C&D waste minimization. This paper aims to investigate the determinants of the contractor's C&D waste management behavior in Mainland China. The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) was selected as the basis of the theoretical model. In addition, three contextual constructs (i.e., economic viability, governmental supervision, and project constraints) were introduced, formulating the initial model. Based on the initial model, eight constructs were identified and seven hypotheses were proposed. A questionnaire survey was conducted to collect data and a Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) analysis was employed to test the proposed hypotheses. Results showed that the C&D waste management intention is not a significant determinant of contractor's C&D waste management behavior. The most important determinant is economic viability, followed by governmental supervision as the second most important determinant. Nevertheless, the construct of project constraints is an insignificant determinant for contractor's adoption of C&D waste management behavior. The research findings imply that, in Mainland China, the government, at this stage, plays an important role in guiding and promoting the contractor to exhibit better C&D waste management behavior.

  4. Inverted base pavements: construction and performance

    KAUST Repository

    Papadopoulos, Efthymios

    2017-05-11

    Inverted base pavements involve a well-compacted granular aggregate base built between a thin asphalt concrete layer and a cement-treated base. Inverted base pavements can be constructed using conventional equipment and procedures but require proper quality control. This study reviews the extensive South African experience and case histories in the USA. Accumulating evidence suggests that inverted base pavements are a viable alternative and can outperform conventional pavements at a lower cost. Inverted base pavements rely on the complementary interaction between layers. The cement-treated base provides a stiff foundation for efficient compaction and constrains the deformation of the stress-sensitive granular aggregate base. The thin asphalt surface layer deforms as a membrane and develops low tensile stress. Additional large-scale field tests should be conducted to assess the performance of inverted base pavement designs in a wide range of conditions relevant to the USA.

  5. Processes in construction of failure management expert systems from device design information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malin, Jane T.; Lance, Nick

    1987-01-01

    This paper analyzes the tasks and problem solving methods used by an engineer in constructing a failure management expert system from design information about the device to te diagnosed. An expert test engineer developed a trouble-shooting expert system based on device design information and experience with similar devices, rather than on specific expert knowledge gained from operating the device or troubleshooting its failures. The construction of the expert system was intensively observed and analyzed. This paper characterizes the knowledge, tasks, methods, and design decisions involved in constructing this type of expert system, and makes recommendations concerning tools for aiding and automating construction of such systems.

  6. Engaged scholarship in construction management research: the adoption of information and communications technology in construction projects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voordijk, Johannes T.; Adriaanse, Adriaan Maria

    2016-01-01

    The objective is to explore what engaged scholarship (ES) could mean for construction management research in facilitating interactions between practice and theory. ES aims to develop knowledge that advances both science and practice through engagement of scholars with practice. Three types of ES are

  7. Factors Affecting Construction Cost in Mara Large Construction Project: Perspective of Project Management Consultant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aftab Hameed Memon

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Project cost is one of the most important criteria of success of project and is of high concern to those who are involved in the construction industry. However, studies show that rarely projects are complete within stipulated budget. This study is focusing on identification of significant causes affecting construction cost in MARA large projects. This paper presents the results of a questionnaire survey conducted among the personnel of Project Management Consultant (PMC. Data was analyzed with statistical tools to determine the rank of factors affecting construction cost. It is concluded that cash flow and financial difficulties faced by contractors, contractor's poor site management and supervision, inadequate contractor experience, shortage of site workers, incorrect planning and scheduling by contractors are most severe factors while changes in scope of project and frequent design changes are least affecting factors on construction cost. Spearman correlation analysis showed that incorrect planning and scheduling by contractor has strong positive relationship with contractor’s poor site management and supervision, inadequate experience of contractors has strong positive relationship with incorrect planning and scheduling; and contractor’s poor site management and supervision, changes in scope of project has strong positive relationship with frequent design changes; and vice versa.

  8. Strategies for healthcare facilities, construction, and real estate management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, James G

    2012-05-01

    Adventist HealthCare offers the following lessons learned in improving the value of healthcare facilities, construction, and real estate management: Use an integrated approach. Ensure that the objectives of the approach align the hospital or health system's mission and values. Embrace innovation. Develop a plan that applies to the whole organization, rather than specific business units. Ensure commitment of senior leaders.

  9. Evolutionary algorithms and metaheuristics in civil engineering and Construction management

    CERN Document Server

    Greiner, David

    2015-01-01

    This book focuses on civil and structural engineering and construction management applications. The contributions constitute modified, extended and improved versions of research presented at the  minisymposium organized by the editors at the ECCOMAS conference on this topic in Barcelona 2014.

  10. Environmental and Social Management System Implementation Handbook : Construction

    OpenAIRE

    International Finance Corporation

    2014-01-01

    This Handbook is intended to be a practical guide to help companies in the construction industry develop and implement an environmental and social management system, which should help to improve overall operations. In the current economic climate, companies are under pressure to perform or even just survive. New initiatives are often met with resistance as people struggle to keep up with...

  11. Study on the Steel Bar Management Mode in Construction Site Based on Lean Thinking%基于精益思想的施工现场钢筋管理模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琳; 李彦熹; 秦清; 谢莉

    2013-01-01

    Learning from the successful application of lean thinking in manufacturing and other industries, this article introduces lean management concept into the management of construction material in construction site and set a construction site steel bar management mode to solve the urgent problems of steel management and realize the optimization management of steel bar.%借鉴精益思想在制造业及其他行业的成功应用,将精益管理理念引入建筑业施工现场的材料管理中,建立施工现场钢筋管理模式,解决目前施工现场钢筋管理中亟待解决的问题,从而实现钢筋的最优化管理。

  12. Strategies, methods and tools for managing nanorisks in construction

    Science.gov (United States)

    López de Ipiña, J. M.; Vaquero, C.; Boutry, D.; Damlencourt, J. F.; Neofytou, P.; Pilou, M.; Jankowska, E.; Larraza, I.; Pina, R.; Fernández, S.; Contreras, S.; Romero, A.; Calderon, M.; Swiezewsk, P.; Otkallo, K.; Pintea, A.; Salazar, C.; Oroz, T.; Hargreaves, B.; Ciobanu, R.; Tabrea, A.; Hazebrouck, B.; Salvi, O.; Stockmann-Juvala, H.; Vaananen, V.; Pui, D. H. Y.; Thompson, Drew

    2015-05-01

    This paper presents a general overview of the work carried out by European project SCAFFOLD (GA 280535) during its 30 months of life, with special emphasis on risk management component. The research conducted by SCAFFOLD is focused on the European construction sector and considers 5 types of nanomaterials (TiO2, SiO2, carbon nanofibres, cellulose nanofibers and nanoclays), 6 construction applications (Depollutant mortars, selfcompacting concretes, coatings, self-cleaning coatings, fire resistant panels and insulation materials) and 26 exposure scenarios, including lab, pilot and industrial scales. The document focuses on the structure, content and operation modes of the Risk Management Toolkit developed by the project to facilitate the implementation of “nano-management” in construction companies. The tool deploys and integrated approach OHSAS 18001 - ISO 31000 and is currently being validated on 5 industrial case studies.

  13. Elementary Introduction to the Green Management of the Construction in Whole Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Na), Wu Y. N.(Yun; Yu), Yan H. Y.(Hong; Jun), Huang Z. J.(Zhi

    Construction industries consume more energy resources than necessary. it is essential to establish a management system with all pollution problems resolved to construct green buildings. By applying the theory of whole life cycle, this paper divides the whole process of construction into four sub-phases, which will also be subdivided into more concrete working procedures. Based on this, a systematic framework is promoted for the green management of the construction, especially and creatively, considering the green aims as important as the traditional three aims-"quality aim, schedule aim and cost aim". This framework, adhering to the integration idea-"customers first, whole optimal", regards the green control and workflow as an organic whole in order to build green, sustainable and healthy architecture, and then provide a perfect guide and reference to the green management.

  14. 建设病案管理实训基地与创新人才培养模式的探讨%Construction of Medical Record Information Management Training Base and Discussion of Innovative Talents Cultivation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宁; 邢春国; 段沁江; 徐芬; 吴良明

    2016-01-01

    Medical record information management is a key link in modern hospital management, medical record information management level directly affects the process of health care reform, the lagging development of medical record management in our country, the shortage of medical record management personnel, to cultivate high quality medical record information management talent is imminent. In this paper, through literature search, questionnaire survey method,in view of the medical institutions for medical record information management personnel diathesis and vocational skills, medical record information management personnel in the core ability is put forward systematic medical record information practice base construction plan, including field condition, equipment requirements, the informationization level, management mechanism, teaching organization and operation management, etc. Through the establishment of cooperation professional training base construction, teaching reform of collaboration, cooperation, cooperation practice and employment mechanism of university-enterprise cooperation, to create "fusion, learn to do fusion, the fusion" personnel training mode, improve students' professional quality of medical record information management, to meet the requirements of health informatization level continuously improve and meet the requirements of medical and health care reform.%病案信息管理是现代医院管理中的重要环节,病案信息管理的水平直接影响着医疗卫生改革的进程,我国病案管理发展滞后,病案管理人才队伍紧缺,培养高素质的病案信息管理人才迫在眉睫.通过文献检索,问卷调查等方法,针对医疗机构对病案信息管理人才素质要求及职业技能目标,围绕病案信息管理人才核心能力提出系统化病案信息实训基地建设方案,包括场地条件、设备要求、信息化水平、管理机制、教学组织和运行管理等.通过建立合作专业建设、合作教

  15. Construction Management Utilizing 4D CAD and Operations Simulation Methodologies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Jianping; ZHANG Yang; HU Zhenzhong; LU Ming

    2008-01-01

    The paper presents applications of simplified discrete-event simulation (SDESA), and 4D-GCPSU,to the National Stadium of the Beijing 2008 Olympics. Taking into account influential factors, e.g., resource, spatial condition, and the randomness of the construction process, the installation process of the steel- structure was simulated and optimized by using genetic algorithm (GA) optimization methodology. The op- erations simulation shortened the installation duration by 39 days (about 16% of the original total duration),guided the manufacturers to plan the construction processes, and provided specific suggestions on the en-try time of the installation components, resulting in resource allocation optimization, resource saving, and construction efficiency improvement. Combining with the optimized schedule, the 4D visualization environ- ment can discover time-space conflicts timely, and may assist project managers to reschedule the construc-tion activities in tune with the site layout and resource allocation.

  16. 基于目标管理的广播电视大学教学团队建设%Teaching Team Construction and Management in RTVU Based on Target Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓寅; 赵世莉

    2013-01-01

    教学团队在电大教学中扮演着越来越重要的角色。通过分析电大教学团队具体实施过程中存在的问题,提出应用目标管理理论建设和管理教学团队的思路,从教学团队目标建立、教学团队角色分配、教学团队目标控制、建立完善的教学团队评价体系等方面来应对目前教学团队建设中面临的困境。%The teaching team plays more and more important roles in RTVU teaching. By analyzing the problems in the process of implementing the teaching team, the authors put forward the application of the theory of target management to teaching team construction and management, in order to deal with the difficulties in setting up the current teaching team, this paper presents the goal establishment, the role assignment, the target control, the evaluation system establishment of the teaching team.

  17. Research on Construction and Operation Management of Rural Road Projects Based on Project Management%基于项目管理的农村公路项目建设与运营管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯亚莉; 侯军岐

    2011-01-01

    农村公路是农村经济发展的依托,而目前我国农村公路还存在路网密度低、通达深度不够等特点,通过分析我国农村公路建设与运营管理中存在的问题,在制定发展战略上,采用项目管理的理论和方法,提出了如何搞好农村公路项目建设的思路及建议.%Rural economic development relies on the rural roads, but now the density of road network of China's rural road is low, and its accessible depth is not enough. So, through the analysis of the problems in rural road construction and operations management, the paper used the project management theory and method for the formulation of development strategy, and proposed the ideas and suggestions on how to improve rural road project.

  18. 基于VB的学生信息管理系统构建%Construction of Student Information Management System Based on VB

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张哲; 刘洋

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, the SQL Server 2000 and Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 were used as development tool in order to develop a student achievement information management system in the Windows XP operating system environment. The system's main modules include: user management, student information management and performance management and so on. A set of effective program for scientific management of basic student's information by computer was created. Some of the system function design, database design and code design were presented in the system design. The efficiency and accuracy of school management were effectively improved by student management information system which was simple and adaptable.%在Windows XP操作系统环境下,选用SQL Server 2000和Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0作为开发工具,设计开发了一个学生成绩信息管理系统。系统的主要模块包括用户管理、学生信息管理和成绩管理等8个功能模块,创建了一套行之有效的计算机科学管理学生基本信息的方案,在系统设计部分主要介绍了系统功能设计和数据库设计及代码设计。学生管理信息系统可以有效提高学校管理学生的效率与准确性,操作简便且适应性强。

  19. The Management of Park Equipment and Machinery Used in the Construction Industry and Housing Sector

    OpenAIRE

    Khayrullin Rustam; Marichev Pavel

    2016-01-01

    The mathematical model was created, applicable to elaboration of options of development of a park of equipment and machinery used in construction industry, housing and utility management. The model based on solving the linear programming problem by means of simplex method. The mathematical model allows develop the rational plans and quasi optimal plans. The model is based on the created in the article the financial management algorithms of procurement and of repairs of equipment and machinery...

  20. Construction of a Linux based chemical and biological information system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molnár, László; Vágó, István; Fehér, András

    2003-01-01

    A chemical and biological information system with a Web-based easy-to-use interface and corresponding databases has been developed. The constructed system incorporates all chemical, numerical and textual data related to the chemical compounds, including numerical biological screen results. Users can search the database by traditional textual/numerical and/or substructure or similarity queries through the web interface. To build our chemical database management system, we utilized existing IT components such as ORACLE or Tripos SYBYL for database management and Zope application server for the web interface. We chose Linux as the main platform, however, almost every component can be used under various operating systems.

  1. The Research on the Construction of Scientific Research Management System in the Higher Vocational Colleges Based on the Theory of Total Quality Management%基于全面质量管理理论的高职院校科研管理系统建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋嵘嵘

    2016-01-01

    The informationization management of traditional management system have the effect of good perfect and reconstruction,with the dramatic development of information technology to the scientific research management innovation provides the opportunities and challenges. Aiming at the construction status of scientific management information in the higher vocational colleges, Introduce the basic idea of enterprise total quality management in the construction of scientific research management system in higher vocational colleges, and puts forward how to build the scientific research management in higher vocational colleges based on the theory of total quality management system, effectively promote the construction of higher vocational college scientific research management information for the future to find a new breakthrough point and breakthrough.%随着信息技术的飞跃式发展给科研管理创新提供了机遇和挑战,信息化的管理手段对传统管理体系起到很好的完善和重建的作用。针对高职院校科研管理系统建设现状,将企业全面质量管理的基本理念引入高职院校科研管理系统建设中,并提出如何构建基于全面质量管理理论的高职院校科研管理系统,为今后有效推动高职院校科研管理信息化建设找到了新的切入点和突破口。

  2. 基于6 SIGMA理论的建筑施工现场安全管理方法%Safety Management on Construction Site Based on Six SIGMA Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘辉; 周芸竹; 周恩

    2013-01-01

    In order to improve the level of safety management on construction site, the six SIGMA management theory was adopted. The kind of high falling accident on construction site was taken as the topic for study. A DMAIC model was built for the kind of accident. The fusion of six SIGMA method and construction safety management was studied from five aspects including selecting topic and defining for project, measure, analysis, improvement and control. Then the key factors were identified by using the fishbone diagram and FMEA. The results show that operation time and season (X1 ) , construction safety laws and regulations system (X2), the relevant technical requirements of scaffold (X3) and weather conditions such as strong winds, thick fog, rain and snow (X4) are four key factors causing high falling accident. Based on the analysis results, specific improvement schemes were proposed for the 4 key factors.%为提高建筑施工企业的现场作业安全管理水平,针对建筑施工现场事故高发的特点,将6 SIGMA管理理论应用于安全管理研究.以建筑施工高处坠落事故为研究对象.建立高处坠落事故DMAIC模型.从项目选题与定义、测量、分析、改进和控制5个环节,研究6 SIGMA管理方法和建筑施工安全管理的融合.利用鱼刺图和故障类型影响分析,找出其关键影响因素.研究结果表明,作业时间与季节(X1),建筑安全法规体系(X2),脚手架相关技术要求(X3)及强风、浓雾、雨雪等天气情况(X4)是导致建筑施工高处坠落事故的4个关键影响因素.在此基础上,提出改进方案.

  3. Construction of Management System Base on Mechanism and Characteristics of University Technology Transfer%基于大学技术转移机理及特征的管理体系构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张娟; 吴志功

    2012-01-01

    大学技术转移管理体系处于技术转移体系的核心位置,是对技术、人员、信息、资金等因素及转移过程中各个活动的相互联系加以有效控制的一整套组织机制和运行流程.基于大学技术转移的运作机理以及涉及面广、专业性强和风险性高的特征,构建了由组织体系、流程体系、风险管理体系和支持体系四个子体系组成的大学技术转移管理体系.%University technology transfer management system is located in the cores of technology transfer system. It is a whole set of organizational mechanism and operating process which is used to control such factors as technology, staff, mas-sage and fund, and the interrelation among the activities in the course of technology transfer effectively. Based on the opera-tional mechanism and principal characters of university technology transfer, the paper constructs the university technology transfer management system, which includes organizational, flow, risk management and support system.

  4. Course Construction Design Based on Theory and Practice of Water Resources Planning and Management%基础与实践并行的水资源规划课程构建与尝试

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马黎华; 粟晓玲; 叶琰

    2014-01-01

    “水资源规划与管理”是水文及水资源专业的一门专业课程,旨在培养学生认识和正确理解水资源系统的一般规律,能够初步掌握水资源规划、开发与管理的基本概念、基本原理和计算方法。基于基础与实践并行的教育理念对该课程进行一般构建与两种形式的课程形式设计。教学效果表明:算例的自我设计与计算进一步巩固了学生的专业知识与技能培养;微博行动在调动学生积极性与参与热情方面有明显效果。该课程的构建设计与形式设计是针对水资源规划与管理教学的一种有效尝试。%W ater Resources Planning and M anagement is one of the main courses for the major in Hydrolo‐gy and Water Resources ,w hich is designed for the students to recognize and understand the general rules of water resources systems ,capable preliminary master planning of water resources development and man‐agement ,and to learn the principles and calculation methods about water resources management .We de‐sign the course construction of water resources planning and management ,which is based on theory and practice combination .Teaching effectiveness showed that the benefits of the course construction could help reinforces students'professional knowledge and skills developed from self‐design and calculation practical examples and encourage their enthusiasm on the course though the microblogging action .This approach has been proven successful in course construction design based on theory and practice combination of Water Resources Planning and Management .

  5. Impact of senior design project for the development of leadership and management skills in construction management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chowdhury, Tamara

    2013-08-01

    Senior design courses are a core part of curricula across engineering and technology disciplines. Such courses offer Construction Management (CMG) students the opportunity to bring together, assimilate and apply the knowledge they have acquired over their entire undergraduate academic programme to an applied technical project. Senior or Capstone design course engages students in a real-world project, enhance leadership development, and prepare to manage and lead project teams. The CMG programme's multidisciplinary approach at Alabama A&M University, combines essential components of construction techniques with concepts of business management to develop technically qualified individuals for responsible management roles in the design, construction and operation of major construction projects. This paper analyses the performance of the students and improvement due to the interaction with the faculty advisors and industrial panel during the two semester Capstone project. The results of this Capstone sequence have shown a continuous improvement of student performance.

  6. Preliminary study for the management of construction and demolition waste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kourmpanis, B; Papadopoulos, A; Moustakas, K; Stylianou, M; Haralambous, K J; Loizidou, M

    2008-06-01

    This paper refers to the management of the construction and demolition (C&D) waste since, according to the EU Waste Strategy, C&D waste is considered to be one of the priority waste streams and appropriate actions need to be taken with respect to its effective management. Initially, the paper presents the state-of-the-art of the problem of C&D waste, including the amount and composition of C&D waste in EU countries, differences in the characteristics of this waste stream depending on its origin, as well as collection and management practices that are applied. A methodology is described for the estimation of the quantities of the waste stream under examination, since in most cases quantitative primary data is not available. Next, the fundamentals for the development of an integrated scheme for the management of C&D waste are presented and discussed, such as appropriate demolition procedures and location of waste management (off-site waste management, on-site waste management, direct on-site recovery, centralized on-site recovery). Finally, taking into consideration all relevant parameters, alternative systems that could be applied for the management of the C&D waste are suggested.

  7. A framework for understanding waste management studies in construction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Weisheng; Yuan, Hongping

    2011-06-01

    During the past decades, construction and demolition (C&D) waste issues have received increasing attention from both practitioners and researchers around the world. A plethora of research relating to C&D waste management (WM) has been published in scholarly journals. However, a comprehensive understanding of the C&D WM research is somehow absent in spite of its proliferation. The aim of this paper is to develop a framework that helps readers understand the C&D WM research as archived in selected journals. Papers under the topic of C&D WM are retrieved based on a set of rigorous procedures. The information of these papers is then analyzed with the assistance of the Qualitative Social Research (QSR) software package NVivo. A framework for understanding C&D WM research is created based on the analytic results. By following the framework, a bibliometric analysis of research in C&D WM is presented, followed by an in-depth literature analysis. It is found that C&D generation, reduction, and recycling are the three major topics in the discipline of C&D WM. Future research is recommended to (a) investigate C&D waste issues in wider scopes including design, maintenance and demolition, (b) develop a unified measurement for waste generation so that WM performance can be compared across various economies, and (c) enhance effectiveness of WM approaches (e.g. waste charging scheme) based on new WM concepts (e.g. Extended Producer Responsibility). In addition to the above research findings, the approach for producing the research framework can be useful references for other studies which attempt to understand the research of a given discipline.

  8. Study on the Overall Construction Management of Wuhan Railway Terminal Projects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The Wuhan railway terminal projects that are under construction and proposed are in their varieties of numbers with mutual constraints,cross influence and complex coordination with each other The construction has great interference to the train operations of the existing lines.The paper puts forward the principles and measures for the construction management based on the analyses on the necessity of the overall construction management of Wuhan railway terminal projects and proposes the general ideas and construction measures for the construction projects of the Wuhan North Marshalling Station,the lead-in of Hefei-Wuhan Railway to the Terminal,Tianxingzhou Bridge,Goods Train Passing-around Line,New Wuhan Railway Station,Fuxingwan Dispatching and Decoupling Area and reconstruction of Hankou Railway Station.All these projects should be arranged according to the overall plan and in combination with the target of construction period to identify the dominance of the project,make use of the capacity of the existing terminal and take the transitional measures for provisional operation as the support and for the overall arrangement in advance so as to minimize the interference between train operation and construction and to guarantee a rational construction of all the projects in good order.

  9. Trend of the research on construction and demolition waste management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Hongping; Shen, Liyin

    2011-04-01

    Research interests in addressing construction and demolition (C&D) waste management issues have resulted in a large amount of publications during the last decade. This study demonstrates that there is no systematic examination on the research development in literature in the discipline of C&D waste management. This study presents the latest research trend in the discipline through analyzing the publications from 2000 to 2009 in eight major international journals. The analysis is conducted on the number of papers published annually, main authors' contributions, research methods and data analysis methods adopted, and research topics covered. The results exhibit an increasing research interest in C&D waste management in recent years. Researchers from developed economies have contributed significantly to the development of the research in the discipline. Some developing countries such as Malaysia and China have also been making good efforts in promoting C&D waste management research. The findings from this study also indicate that survey and case study are major methods for data collection, and the data are mostly processed through descriptive analysis. It is anticipated that more future studies on C&D waste management will be led by researchers from developing economies, where construction works will remain their major economic activities. On the other hand, more sophisticated modeling and simulating techniques have been used effectively in a number of studies on C&D waste management research, and this is considered a major methodology for future research in the discipline. C&D waste management will continue to be a hot research topic in the future, in particularly, the importance of human factors in C&D waste management has emerged as a new challenging topic.

  10. 基于PDCA的器材仓库质量管理系统构建研究%Research on the Construction of Quality Management System for Material Warehouse Based on PDCA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙兵

    2011-01-01

    Aiming at the requirement of quality management informatization in material warehouse, pre- sents a PDCA (Plan-Do-Cheek-Aetion)-based new model for the construction of quality man- agement system, the system modeling method is based on the unified modeling language(UML). Develops the system by using Jboss Seam framework. This system can realize total quality con- trol for the whole warehouse process, and improve the warehouse management effectively.%针对器材仓库质量管理信息化的需求.提出基于PDCA(Plan-Do-Check-Action)的质量管理系统构建新模式,采用统一建模语言UML进行了系统建模.使用JbossSeam框架开发实现该系统。系统可对仓库作业全过程实施全面的质量控制,有效提高仓库管理水平。

  11. 基于Joomla!内容管理系统的门户网站建设%Portal Construction Based on Joomla Content Management System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王正艮; 钟丽丹

    2011-01-01

    结合浙江省科技信息研究院门户网站建设的实例,应用LAMP组合和VMWare ESX虚拟化运行环境,提出了一种低成本、低碳排放的门户网站建设技术方案,并对系统运行环境搭建、内容管理、模板开发、性能优化等方面进行了探讨。%In this paper,with the instance of portal construction of Institute of Science and Technology Information of Zhejiang Province,using LAMP combo and VMWare ESX virtualized running environment,a low-cost,low-carbon emissions portal-building technology solut

  12. Design and Construction of Manned Lunar Base

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhijie

    2016-07-01

    Building manned lunar base is one of the core aims of human lunar exploration project, which is also an important way to carry out the exploitation and utilization of lunar in situ resources. The most important part of manned lunar base is the design and construction of living habitation and many factors should be considered including science objective and site selection. Through investigating and research, the scientific goals of manned lunar base should be status and characteristics ascertainment of lunar available in situ resources, then developing necessary scientific experiments and utilization of lunar in situ resources by using special environment conditions of lunar surface. The site selection strategy of manned lunar base should rely on scientific goals according to special lunar surface environment and engineering capacity constraints, meanwhile, consulting the landing sites of foreign unmanned and manned lunar exploration, and choosing different typical regions of lunar surface and analyzing the landform and physiognomy, reachability, thermal environment, sunlight condition, micro meteoroids protection and utilization of in situ resources, after these steps, a logical lunar living habitation site should be confirmed. This paper brings out and compares three kinds of configurations with fabricating processes of manned lunar base, including rigid module, flexible and construction module manned lunar base. 1.The rigid habitation module is usually made by metal materials. The design and fabrication may consult the experience of space station, hence with mature technique. Because this configuration cannot be folded or deployed, which not only afford limit working and living room for astronauts, but also needs repetitious cargo transit between earth and moon for lunar base extending. 2. The flexible module habitation can be folded in fairing while launching. When deploying on moon, the configuration can be inflatable or mechanically-deployed, which means under

  13. The Role of Problem Solving in Construction Management Practices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, Casper Siebken

    2012-01-01

    industry. An Industrial PhD carried out at a large Danish contractor examined how failures and defects are produced and handled in the social practices of construction projects. The study addresses quality issues related to project management and examines the role of problem solving practices......Quality issues are a topic of continuous interest in the Danish construction industry. Not only can failures and defects be vital to the success of the single project but also the annual profits of the whole company can be put at risk. Moreover quality issues jeopardize the reputation of the entire...... not only to the planning but also to facilitate and support the problem-solving and trouble-shooting competencies of projects managers....

  14. 施工合同管理%Construction contract management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王德平

    2014-01-01

    In order to standardize the management of construction contract, enhance the awareness of the contract, the implementation of the provisions of the contract, according to the characteristics of the relevant state laws and regulations and Hydropower Engineering, combined with practical work, analyzing the construction contract management from the employer's perspective for the peer interaction.%为了规范施工合同管理工作,增强合同意识,贯彻执行合同规定。文章根据国家有关法律、法规及水电工程的特点,结合工作实际,从发包人角度分析施工合同管理,供同行相互交流。

  15. Organization and Management of Construction in Developing Countries,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-02-01

    efforts for mass housing schemes, the bulk of construction is still undertaken by small artisan-like entities. Some general characteris- tics that are...Construction Industry, UNIDO Monograph No 2 (Based on Proceedings of the International Symposium on Industrial Development, Athens, 1967), New York, 1969...24. United Nations, Building Materials Industry, UNIDO Monograph No 3, New York, 1969. 25. United Nations, "Towards Accelerated Development

  16. Behavior-based safety on construction sites: a case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choudhry, Rafiq M

    2014-09-01

    This work presents the results of a case study and describes an important area within the field of construction safety management, namely behavior-based safety (BBS). This paper adopts and develops a management approach for safety improvements in construction site environments. A rigorous behavioral safety system and its intervention program was implemented and deployed on target construction sites. After taking a few weeks of safety behavior measurements, the project management team implemented the designed intervention and measurements were taken. Goal-setting sessions were arranged on-site with workers' participation to set realistic and attainable targets of performance. Safety performance measurements continued and the levels of performance and the targets were presented on feedback charts. Supervisors were asked to give workers recognition and praise when they acted safely or improved critical behaviors. Observers were requested to have discussions with workers, visit the site, distribute training materials to workers, and provide feedback to crews and display charts. They were required to talk to operatives in the presence of line managers. It was necessary to develop awareness and understanding of what was being measured. In the process, operatives learned how to act safely when conducting site tasks using the designed checklists. Current weekly scores were discussed in the weekly safety meetings and other operational site meetings with emphasis on how to achieve set targets. The reliability of the safety performance measures taken by the company's observers was monitored. A clear increase in safety performance level was achieved across all categories: personal protective equipment; housekeeping; access to heights; plant and equipment, and scaffolding. The research reveals that scores of safety performance at one project improved from 86% (at the end of 3rd week) to 92.9% during the 9th week. The results of intervention demonstrated large decreases in

  17. 基于价值链管理的内部控制构建思想%Constructing Thoughts of Internal Control Based on Value Chain Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张其镇

    2011-01-01

    Development and application of information technology and value chain theory provide a good opportunity to improve the management level of enterprise and gain a competitive advantage. This paper, combining with the value chain theory, analyzes the key steps to build the internal control which can adapt to the management of value chain under the guidance of the internal control structure. This paper .argues that internal control should be value-added activities which take getting a competitive advantage as the strategic goal, take theall kinds of "flow" in business as the main line of control and constantly self-perfect.%信息技术与价值链理论的发展与应用,为提高企业管理水平,获得竞争优势提供了一个良好的契机.本文结合价值链理论,分析了在内部控制结构指导下构建一个能适应价值链管理的内部控制的关键步骤.本文认为,内部控制应是一个以获取竞争优势为战略目标,以企业内各种"流"为控制主线并能不断自我完善的增值活动.

  18. 基于流程管理的低碳产业转移工业园构建研究%Study on Construction of Low-carbon Industrial Transfer Park Based on Process Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范佳凤; 许浩; 朱帮助

    2013-01-01

    传统的基于任务的管理理念和管理方法,因为其存在各部门孤立运转、缺乏衔接机制、忽视整体目标等缺陷,对整体发展战略和快速变化的竞争环境无法形成有效的支撑,不能够适应低碳产业转移工业园发展的需要.构建低碳产业转移工业园,有必要引入基于流程的管理模式,以便有效地避免各部门以职能为中心而忽视整体目标,打破原有职能界限和任务划分,以任务流程为中心,建立以流程加团队为主导、职能为辅助、各管理层级为组织活动单元的三维组织结构.低碳产业转移工业园的构建流程包括园区的战略管理体系、核心营运流程、管理流程支持体系三个层面.%The traditional task-based management concept and management methods are unable to adapt to the development needs of low-carbon industrial transfer park because there exists deficiencies such as isolation operation of each sector,lack of convergence mechanisms and ignoring the overall objectives,which can not form an effective support for the overall development strategies and rapidly changing competitive environment.To effectively avoid the various departments centering on the function while ignoring the overall objective,as well as to break the existed functional boundaries and division of tasks,it is necessary to introduce a process-based management model in constructing the low-carbon industrial transfer park.Taking the task process as center,a three-dimensional organizational structure is built,which is guided by process and team,supplemented by function and management levels are the organizational activity units.The process of building low-carbon industrial transfer park should be carried out on three levels,that is,strategic management system,core business processes and the supporting management process system.

  19. 基于工科院校背景的财务管理专业建设思路与措施%Ideas and Measures of Financial Management Specialty Construction Based on the Background of Technology College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万义平; 熊微

    2012-01-01

    财务管理本科专业始建于1998年的财经类高校,随着社会经济发展和企业管理的需要,综合性大学和工科院校也先后设置了财务管理本科专业。针对财务管理本科专业的人才培养,不同类型高校都进行了有益的探索,由于办学背景的不同,各个高校制订的财务管理本科专业人才培养方案应具有明显差异。如何体现工科院校办学背景,彰显财务管理本科专业建设的特色,是值得工科院校财务教育专家深入研究的。本文在分析工科院校办学特色的基础上,提出了工科院校财务管理本科专业建设思路与相关措施。%Financial management specialty was founded in 1998 in finance and economics colleges.With the development of social economy and the need of enterprise management,comprehensive university and technology colleges have set up financial management specialty.In view of personnel training of financial management specialty,different colleges have carried out beneficial exploration.Because of their different background,the personnel training scheme of financial management specialty in various colleges have obvious differences.How to reflect the educational background of technology colleges and characteristic of financial management specialty is worthy of depth research of financial and educational experts in technology colleges.This article analyzes the characteristics of running a school based on the technology college,and puts forward construction thought and related measures of financial management specialty in technology colleges.

  20. CONSTRUCTION METHOD OF KNOWLEDGE MAP BASED ON DESIGN PROCESS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SU Hai; JIANG Zuhua

    2007-01-01

    Due to the increasing amount and complexity of knowledge in product design, the knowledge map based on design process is presented as a tool to reuse product design process, promote the product design knowledge sharing. The relationship between design task flow and knowledge flow is discussed; A knowledge organizing method based on design task decomposition and a visualization method to support the knowledge retrieving and sharing in product design are proposed. And a knowledge map system to manage the knowledge in product design process is built with Visual C++ and SVG. Finally, a brief case study is provided to illustrate the construction and application of knowledge map in fuel pump design.

  1. Projects Management Mode of Highway Construction Based on the Concept of Logistics%基于物流理念的公路建设项目管理模式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨庆云; 吴彦芳

    2011-01-01

    基于物流理念的单项Partnering模式的建设项目供应链是一种从全局观点出发,以项目整体利益最大化为目标,体现双赢的规则及相互信任的合作精神,通过对信息流,物流,资金流的控制,以项目时间、成本、质量、范围、采购等各种项目专项管理的协调与整合为主要内容,将业主、设计方、施工方、物流公司等连成一个整体的模式.%Construction project supply chain of single Partnering mode based on the logistics concept is a kind of pattern that starts from a global perspective, takes maximizing the overall interests of the project as the objective, reflects the win-win rules and the spirit of cooperation and mutual trust,through the control of information flow, logistics, capital flow, takes the coordination and integration of project time, cost, quality, scope, procurement and other projects special management as the main content, and integrates the owner, designer, construction side and logistics companies.

  2. Using Project Performance to Measure Effectiveness of Quality Management System Maintenance and Practices in Construction Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Tiong Kung Leong; Norhayati Zakuan; Muhamad Zameri Mat Saman; Mohd Shoki Md Ariff; Choy Soon Tan

    2014-01-01

    This paper proposed seven existing and new performance indicators to measure the effectiveness of quality management system (QMS) maintenance and practices in construction industry. This research is carried out with a questionnaire based on QMS variables which are extracted from literature review and project performance indicators which are established from project management's theory. Data collected was analyzed using correlation and regression analysis. The findings indicate that client sat...

  3. Design and Implementation of Construction Material Rental Leasing Information Management System Based on Web Service%基于WebService的建材租赁管理信息系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王咸伟; 许万超

    2012-01-01

    It becomes more and more important for one construction material rental leasing enterprise to improve its information management. This dissertation firstly analyzes the business requiretments, gives the design of the system, and then describes the development of the system based on Java EE Framework, Web Service, Hibernate, Structs and MySQL. The system mainly includes Web service system and client application system. It possesses some features of cross-platform application,data sharing, data interoperation, low coupling degree,good agility,strong expansibility and generality, and can provide construction material rental leasing information management service, and has some promotion application value also.%提高信息化管理水平对建材租赁企业的发展显得日益重要。在业务需求分析基础上,对系统进行设计,采用JavaEE架构,结合WebService技术及Hibemate+Structs框架技术,以MySQL为数据库对建材租赁管理信息系统进行开发。该系统由Web服务和客户端应用两部分组成,具有跨平台应用、数据可共享与互操作、耦合度低、灵活性好、可扩展性和通用性强的特点,可向企业提供建材租赁管理信息服务。具有一定的推广价值。

  4. Network design and operational modelling for construction green supply chain management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pengfei Zhou Dong Chen

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on studying organizational structure of Construction Green Supply Chain Management (CGSCM, a mathematical programming model of CGSCM was proposed. The model aimed to maximize the aggregate profits of normalized construction logistics, the reverse logistics and the environmental performance. Numerical experiments show that the proposed approach can improve the aggregate profit effectively. In addition, return ratio, subsidies from governmental organizations, and environmental performance were analyzed for CGSCM performance. Herein, the proper return, subsidy and control strategy could optimize construction green supply chain.

  5. 基于AHP的建筑施工安全管理风险控制策略%Safety Management Risk Control Strategy Based on AHP for Building Construction lndustry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李松晨; 杨高升

    2014-01-01

    Along with the vigorous development of the building construction industry in our country, the current status of safety management in this area is not perfect. The hidden dangers and potential risks in building construction are presented, and the control strategy based on analytic hierachy process( AHP) is proposed. With this strategy, the qualitative issues are quantified, in accordance with the determined evaluation objects, the hierarchy is established, and the judgment matrix is structured, thus the risk assessment is elaborated specifically. By combining the quantitative evaluation and qualitative evaluation, the determination method of the evaluation value is given. This risk control strategy greatly enhances the security of building construction.%随着我国建筑工程行业的蓬勃发展,建筑施工的安全管理现状存在安全问题。介绍了建筑施工行业存在的安全隐患和潜在风险,提出了基于层次分析法( AHP)的建筑施工风险控制策略。将定性问题定量化,按照确定评价目标、建立递阶层次、构造判断矩阵等步骤对风险评价进行了具体的阐述;将定量评价与定性评价相结合,给出了评价值判定方法。结合建筑施工安全管理办法,该风险控制策略大大提升了建筑施工过程中的安全性。

  6. Construction of a Conceptualization of Personal Knowledge within a Knowledge Management Perspective Using Grounded Theory Methodology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Straw, Eric M.

    2013-01-01

    The current research used grounded theory methodology (GTM) to construct a conceptualization of personal knowledge within a knowledge management (KM) perspective. The need for the current research was based on the use of just two categories of knowledge, explicit and tacit, within KM literature to explain diverse characteristics of personal…

  7. Experiences from implementation of ICT for resource management in small construction companies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svidt, Kjeld; Christiansson, Per

    2006-01-01

    This paper summarizes experiences from the process of implementation of ICT-based systems for resource management in small construction companies. The initial decision process, system requirements specification and integration, education and staff training, and end user experiences were followed...... the building domain as well as ICT tools providers....

  8. Construction of a Conceptualization of Personal Knowledge within a Knowledge Management Perspective Using Grounded Theory Methodology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Straw, Eric M.

    2013-01-01

    The current research used grounded theory methodology (GTM) to construct a conceptualization of personal knowledge within a knowledge management (KM) perspective. The need for the current research was based on the use of just two categories of knowledge, explicit and tacit, within KM literature to explain diverse characteristics of personal…

  9. Knowledge-based geometric modeling in construction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonev, Martin; Hvam, Lars

    2012-01-01

    a considerably high amount of their recourses is required for designing and specifying the majority of their product assortment. As design decisions are hereby based on knowledge and experience about behaviour and applicability of construction techniques and materials for a predefined design situation, smart...... tools need to be developed, to support these activities. In order to achieve a higher degree of design automation, this study proposes a framework for using configuration systems within the CAD environment together with suitable geometric modeling techniques on the example of a Danish manufacturer...

  10. IT Infrastructure Construction: Based on Competitive Advantage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    J(U) Qing-jiang

    2006-01-01

    Information technology (IT) infrastructure is the foundation of information sharing, storage, and processing upon which the entire business depends and it changes not only inner organizational structures but also outer competitive conditions. An IT infrastructure that possesses elements unique to a particular organization and difficult to duplicate can produce competitive advantage. To achieve this advantage, not only the inner integration of technology,personnel and business process in a firm is needed, but also a platform for electronic commerce is required. The purpose of this study is to establish the whole concept framework for IT infrastructure, based on competitive advantage, and to propose ideas about the construction of IT infrastructure system.

  11. Construction of Motion Database Based on Real-World Haptics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yokokura, Yuki; Katsura, Seiichiro

    This paper proposes a motion database based on real-world haptics. In order to treat advanced types of haptic information, the motion database contains not only the name of motion and position trajectory of a human operator but also force information. Moreover, the motion database is constructed and managed by a motion database management system, which performs the tasks of inserting, updating, retrieving, and deleting information pertaining to human motion. The motion database management system consists of a motion-copying system, which stores and reproduces the simple motions of the human operator. In this research, the validity and feasibility of the proposed method are verified. By using the proposed method, the motions of human operators in the industrial and medical fields can be stored, dynamically reproduced, and referred.

  12. A Conceptual Framework of Safety and Health in Construction Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd Kamar Izatul Farrita

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Models to analyse and calculate the costs of prevention in the construction industry are not easy to apply in this area. Firstly, because they are based on studies carried out in the manufacturing sector; and secondly because the traditional models for analyzing these costs are limited to identifying and classifying them. This calculation models need to be improved. Hence this study is an attempt to fill the gap by develops a safety and health cost framework from pre-construction stage until to construction stage in order to assist client to allow the compliance of safety aspects in a tender document can be assured. A mixed method research will be used in this study. Semi structured interview and content analysis will be used as a main tool for the data collection. Then, the questionnaire will be distributed to the expertise in construction industry.

  13. Integrated Constructed Wetlands (ICW) for livestock wastewater management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrington, Rory; McInnes, Robert

    2009-11-01

    Social, economic and environmental coherence is sought in the management of livestock wastewater. Wetlands facilitate the biogeochemical processes that exploit livestock wastewater and provide opportunities to achieve such coherence and also to deliver on a range of ecosystem services. The Integrated Constructed Wetland (ICW) concept integrates three inextricably linked objectives: water quantity and quality management, landscape-fit to improve aesthetic site values and enhanced biodiversity. The synergies derived from this explicit integration allow one of the key challenges for livestock management to be addressed. An example utilizing twelve ICW systems from a catchment on the south coast of Ireland demonstrates that over an eight year period mean reduction of total and soluble phosphorus (molybdate reactive phosphorus) exceeded 95% and the mean removal of ammonium-N exceeded 98%. This paper reviews evidence regarding the capacity of ICWs to provide a coherent and sustainable alternative to conventional systems.

  14. Constructing the Quality Control System of the Independent College Graduation Thesis Based on Process Management%构建基于过程管理的独立学院毕业论文质量监控体系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎玉升; 关伟东

    2016-01-01

    毕业论文是本科教育最后一个教学环节,是对学生大学四年来所学专业知识的掌握情况和运用能力的检验,也是衡量独立学院办学水平和质量的一个重要指标。本文着重研究如何有效地对独立学院毕业论文进行过程管理,切实提高独立学院毕业论文质量,尝试构建一个基于过程管理的独立学院毕业论文质量监控体系。%The graduation thesis is the last teaching link of undergraduate education is for students in the university four years to learn the professional knowledge to grasp the situation and ability to use inspection, is also a measure of an important indicator of the independent school running level and quality. This paper focuses on the research of how effective the of the independent col-lege graduation thesis management process, and effectively improve the independent college graduation thesis quality, attempts to construct a based on process management of independent college graduation thesis quality monitoring system.

  15. College Counselors Research-oriented Team Construction Based on Knowledge Management%基于知识管理的高校辅导员研究型团队建设研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付罡; 李宝玺

    2014-01-01

    高校辅导员队伍建设是加强和改进大学生思想政治教育工作中不可忽视的重要因素。基于知识管理的高校辅导员专业化团队建设,符合高校加强和改进大学生思想政治教育工作要求,有利于辅导员学习型组织创建和最大限度地发挥潜在能力、工作针对性和优势,提升队伍核心竞争力,充分体现知识管理在组织建设中的科学性与有效性,具有现实意义。%College counselors team constriction is an important factor in strengthening and improving the ideological and political education of college students that can not be ignored. College counselors specialization team constriction based on knowledge management meets the requirements of college on strengthening and improving the ideological and political education, contributes to creation of counselor learning-oriented organization, maximized play potential ability, work targeted and advantages, enhances the core competitiveness of the team, fully reflects the scientific and effectiveness of knowledge management in organizational construction, and has practical significance.

  16. Assessment of different construction and demolition waste management approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manal S. Abdelhamid

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The waste generated from construction and demolition sites is considered one of the most irritating problems in Egypt. In the last 10 years some effort has been made toward solving this problem, the most outstanding is the newly issued Egyptian rating system “Green Pyramids Rating System”. It emphasizes on waste management and particularly “site provision and environment” which contributes to 75% of the management category score. However the traditional practice which is limited to dumping all the generated waste is still dominating. The absence of sustainable practices in construction sector in Egypt led to the lack in financial and environmental data. From strategic perspective, the research aims at developing a detailed procedure to evaluate two construction and demolition waste management approaches by means of Decision Matrix technique. A detailed study is introduced for the two approaches; for each approach a flow chart is developed to demonstrate its lifecycle, as well as the cost break down structure and the different stakeholders’ roles. A penetration discussion of the pros and cons for each approach was developed accordingly and came out with sixteen influencing attributes for both approaches. The previous steps paved the ground to construct a Decision Matrix to decide on one of the approaches from a strategic environmentally oriented perspective. The study relied on the detailed and deep demonstration of the two approaches to justify the assigned weight for attributes and scores for corresponding approach. From a strategic perspective, the decision came out in favor of the more environmentally friendly approach.

  17. 基于生态系统管理理论视角的应急管理学科技能实训课程群建设研究%Study of skills training course group's construction for emergency management discipline based on theory of ecosystem management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱洪伟; 尹香菊

    2012-01-01

    通过对应急管理学科现实状况的考量,依据生态系统管理理论,提出应急管理学科实验技能型课程群的生态群落设计思路及生态技术架构践行路径.研究表明,开展该实验技能型课程群的研究,对于丰富应急管理救援技能及方法的内容具有较好的现实价值.%By consideration of a realistic scenario of emergency management disciplines, based on the theory of ecosystem management, this paper proposes ecological communities design ideas and eco-technology architecture practice path with skills training course group's construction for emergency management disciplines. The study shows that to enrich the content of the emergency management and rescue skills and methods to better carry out research for skills training course group's construction for emergency management disciplines has realistic value.

  18. Construction and Application of a Refined Hospital Management Chain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lihua, Yi

    2016-01-01

    Large scale development was quite common in the later period of hospital industrialization in China. Today, Chinese hospital management faces such problems as service inefficiency, high human resources cost, and low rate of capital use. This study analyzes the refined management chain of Wuxi No.2 People's Hospital. This consists of six gears namely, "organizational structure, clinical practice, outpatient service, medical technology, and nursing care and logistics." The gears are based on "flat management system targets, chief of medical staff, centralized outpatient service, intensified medical examinations, vertical nursing management and socialized logistics." The core concepts of refined hospital management are optimizing flow process, reducing waste, improving efficiency, saving costs, and taking good care of patients as most important. Keywords: Hospital, Refined, Management chain

  19. Prediction of the properties anhydrite construction mixtures based on neural network approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fedorchuk, Y. M.; Zamyatin, N. V.; Smirnov, G. V.; Rusina, O. N.; Sadenova, M. A.

    2017-08-01

    The article considered the question of applying the backstop modeling mechanism from the components of anhydride mixtures in the process of managing the technological processes of receiving construction products which based on fluoranhydrite.

  20. A Spanish model for quantification and management of construction waste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solís-Guzmán, Jaime; Marrero, Madelyn; Montes-Delgado, Maria Victoria; Ramírez-de-Arellano, Antonio

    2009-09-01

    Currently, construction and demolition waste (C&D waste) is a worldwide issue that concerns not only governments but also the building actors involved in construction activity. In Spain, a new national decree has been regulating the production and management of C&D waste since February 2008. The present work describes the waste management model that has inspired this decree: the Alcores model implemented with good results in Los Alcores Community (Seville, Spain). A detailed model is also provided to estimate the volume of waste that is expected to be generated on the building site. The quantification of C&D waste volume, from the project stage, is essential for the building actors to properly plan and control its disposal. This quantification model has been developed by studying 100 dwelling projects, especially their bill of quantities, and defining three coefficients to estimate the demolished volume (CT), the wreckage volume (CR) and the packaging volume (CE). Finally, two case studies are included to illustrate the usefulness of the model to estimate C&D waste volume in both new construction and demolition projects.

  1. DIRECTIONS FOR FUTURE CONSTRUCTION SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT RESEARCH IN NEW ZEALAND: A REAL OPTIONS PERSPECTIVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tran, Van

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Real Options (RO has been a universally accepted concept in a number of major industries. However, its use in the construction supply chain management (CSCM sector has been limited. Some rare supply chain management RO studies have shown a number of limitations. First, there is a lack of a rigorous theoretical RO framework pertaining specifically to CSCM. All such supply chain management RO studies are based off RO theories or models developed for other sectors (engineering, infrastructure, natural resources. And second, attempts to extend real option to wider uses in CSCM seem premature at the present. This paper reviews all recent literature pertaining to real options and real options applied specifically to the construction supply chain management area. The study proposes a research programme pertaining to CSCM in New Zealand in order to enhance the current understanding of RO in this area and in the process develop a comprehensive theory for the RO application in New Zealand CSCM.

  2. Managing Multiple Forms of Employment in the Construction Sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raja, Jawwad; D. Green, Stuart; Leiringer, Roine

    2013-01-01

    The construction industry is one of the largest and most complex industrial sectors in the UK. The industry's failure to adopt progressive human resource (HR) practices is routinely blamed on the challenges of operating in a fragmented, project-based environment reliant on subcontracting. This re...

  3. A study on the attitudes and behavioural influence of construction waste management in occupied Palestinian territory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Sari, Majed I; Al-Khatib, Issam A; Avraamides, Marios; Fatta-Kassinos, Despo

    2012-02-01

    As a step towards comprehending what drives the management of construction waste in the occupied Palestinian territory, this paper quantifies construction waste generation and examines how the local contractors' waste management attitudes and behaviour are influenced. Collection of data was based on a survey, carried out in the southern part of the West Bank between April and May 2010. The survey targeted contractors who specialized in the construction of buildings. A logistic regression model was used to investigate the relationship between various attributes and the attitudes and behaviour that the local contractors demonstrate towards waste management. The results showed that during the construction of buildings, 17 to 81 kg of construction waste are generated per square metre of building floor. Although the area of a building is the key factor determining 74.8% of the variation of construction waste generation, the employment of labour-intensive techniques in the study area means that human factors such as the contractor's attitude and behaviour towards waste management, exert a key influence on waste generation. Attitudes towards the 3Rs of waste minimization and behaviour towards waste disposal are generally positive with smaller contractors exhibiting more positive attitudes and more satisfactory behaviour towards waste management. Overall, while contractors' behaviour towards waste sorting and disposal tends to be more satisfactory among contractors who are more conscious about the potential environmental impacts of construction waste, it was generally observed that in the absence of a regulatory framework, the voluntary attitudes and behaviour among the local contractors are mostly driven by direct economic considerations.

  4. The Construction and Application of the Training Base in Health Information Management(Medical Records Management)%卫生信息管理专业(病案管理)实训基地建设及应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢春国; 王宁

    2016-01-01

    To explore the construction of the training base in health information management(medical records management) and its significance.Based on the literature survey and field questionnaire survey ,the article analyzed the social requirement for medical records management personnel,and improved the professional training program, and built the systematic internal and external training base. A systematic internal and external training base were established,including medical information literacy training center, medical records management training room,Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital information center training base,and so on. The training base was used for teaching and social service. There was great significance of the training base in health information management (medical records management) for developing information literacy and professional practice of medical students.%探讨卫生信息管理专业(病案管理)实训基地的建设与意义。通过文献调研和实地问卷调研,研究病案管理人才的社会需求情况,完善专业人才培养方案,建设系统化校内外实训基地。初步建成医学信息素养实训中心、病案管理实训室、档案管理实训室等校内实训基地和某鼓楼医院信息中心等校外实训基地的实训体系,并进行教学实践和社会服务。卫生信息管理专业(病案管理)实训基地的建设对培养医学生信息素养和专业实践能力具有重要意义。

  5. The Crisis Management Practices of Australian Construction Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Loosemore

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Recent world events in the international relations arena and the subsequent knock-on affect on the insurance industry, have sent shock-waves through Australia’s business community,elevating crisis management to the top of the managerial agenda. This paperpresents the findings of exploratory research, which investigated the crisis managementpractices of construction companies. Using a diagnostic model of crisis preparednesswhich has been developed and tested across a broad range of industries, it concludes thatif the sample surveyed is typical, then crisis planning is rudimentary and undertaken in aninsular, informal, fragmented fashion, supported by few resources and little strategicguidance. Consequently, many construction companies will have an inadequate understandingof their crisis exposure, of how to cope with crises when they happen and of howto learn and recover from their aftermath.

  6. The research on management of university construction plan design based on builder%基于建设方高校建筑方案设计管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈华东

    2012-01-01

    This paper mainly discuss the importance of management of construction plan design phase, as well as existing problems and the reasons in this phase. Combined with example, this paper also gives advices for management in construction plan design phase in order to build an economic, beautiful construction with proper function, which can meet the requirements of teachers and students in university.%本文就高校建筑方案设计阶段管理的重要性,存在的问题及原因,结合实例提出建筑方案设计阶段管理对策,建设一个功能合理、经济、美观的高校建筑工程,满足当代高校师生使用要求及精神要求。

  7. Mapping site-based construction workers' motivation: Expectancy theory approach

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ghoddousi, Parviz; Bahrami, Nima; Chileshe, Nicholas; Hosseini, M Reza

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to apply a recently proposed model of motivation based on expectancy theory to site-based workers in construction and confirm the validity of this model for the construction industry...

  8. Life cycle assessment of construction and demolition waste management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butera, Stefania; Christensen, Thomas H; Astrup, Thomas F

    2015-10-01

    Life cycle assessment (LCA) modelling of construction and demolition waste (C&DW) management was carried out. The functional unit was management of 1 Mg mineral, source separated C&DW, which is either utilised in road construction as a substitute for natural aggregates, or landfilled. The assessed environmental impacts included both non-toxic and toxic impact categories. The scenarios comprised all stages of the end-of-life management of C&DW, until final disposal of all residues. Leaching of inorganic contaminants was included, as was the production of natural aggregates, which was avoided because of the use of C&DW. Typical uncertainties related to contaminant leaching were addressed. For most impact categories, utilisation of C&DW in road construction was preferable to landfilling; however, for most categories, utilisation resulted in net environmental burdens. Transportation represented the most important contribution for most nontoxic impacts, accounting for 60-95 per cent of these impacts. Capital goods contributed with negligible impacts. Leaching played a critical role for the toxic categories, where landfilling had lower impacts than utilisation because of the lower levels of leachate per ton of C&DW reaching the groundwater over a 100-year perspective. Leaching of oxyanions (As, V and Sb) was critical with respect to leaching. Typical experimental uncertainties in leaching data did not have a pivotal influence on the results; however, accounting for Cr immobilisation in soils as part of the impact assessment was critical for modelling the leaching impacts. Compared with the overall life cycle of building and construction materials, leaching emissions were shown to be potentially significant for toxicity impacts, compared with contributions from production of the same materials, showing that end-of-life impacts and leaching should not be disregarded when assessing environmental impacts from construction products and materials. CO2 uptake in the C

  9. Life cycle assessment of construction and demolition waste management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Butera, Stefania, E-mail: stbu@teknologisk.dk; Christensen, Thomas H.; Astrup, Thomas F.

    2015-10-15

    Highlights: • LCA of C&DW utilisation in road vs. C&DW landfilling. • C&DW utilisation in road better than landfilling for most categories. • Transportation is the most important process in non-toxic impact categories. • Leaching of oxyanions is the critical process in toxic impact categories. • Modelling of Cr fate in the subsoil is highly influential to the results. - Abstract: Life cycle assessment (LCA) modelling of construction and demolition waste (C&DW) management was carried out. The functional unit was management of 1 Mg mineral, source separated C&DW, which is either utilised in road construction as a substitute for natural aggregates, or landfilled. The assessed environmental impacts included both non-toxic and toxic impact categories. The scenarios comprised all stages of the end-of-life management of C&DW, until final disposal of all residues. Leaching of inorganic contaminants was included, as was the production of natural aggregates, which was avoided because of the use of C&DW. Typical uncertainties related to contaminant leaching were addressed. For most impact categories, utilisation of C&DW in road construction was preferable to landfilling; however, for most categories, utilisation resulted in net environmental burdens. Transportation represented the most important contribution for most nontoxic impacts, accounting for 60–95 per cent of these impacts. Capital goods contributed with negligible impacts. Leaching played a critical role for the toxic categories, where landfilling had lower impacts than utilisation because of the lower levels of leachate per ton of C&DW reaching the groundwater over a 100-year perspective. Leaching of oxyanions (As, V and Sb) was critical with respect to leaching. Typical experimental uncertainties in leaching data did not have a pivotal influence on the results; however, accounting for Cr immobilisation in soils as part of the impact assessment was critical for modelling the leaching impacts. Compared

  10. A prototype of workflow management system for construction design projects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    A great deal of benefits can be achieved if information and process are integrated within the building design project. This paper aims to establish a prototype of workflow management system for construction design project through the application of workflow technology. The composition and function of prototype is presented to satisfy the needs of information share and process integration. By integrating all subsystems and modules of the prototype, the whole system can deal with design information-flow modeling, emulating and optimizing, task planning and distributing, automatic tracking and monitoring, as well as network service, etc. In this way, the collaborative design environment of building design project is brought into being.

  11. Total quality management: A management philosophy for providing high quality construction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beckwith, Paul D.

    Total Quality Management (TQM) is not a new concept. Only recently (within the past ten years or so) have American companies started to realize the potential of TQM as a means of ensuring high quality products and services. With this realization has come implementation in manufacturing and service companies. A commercial construction company, like any other business, must provide a top quality finished product to its customer if it intends to stay in business. TQM is one way to work to that end. This report explores the quality problems facing my fictitious construction company, which I believe are fairly typical among the commercial construction industry, existing management methods, and the TQM method to ensure top quality production. It will be shown why I believe TQM or a variation thereof is the best method for controlling the quality of products and service during the construction process. Under the philosophy of TQM, we build quality into the finished product.

  12. Digital waterway construction based on inland electronic navigation chart

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xue; Pan, Junfeng; Zhu, Weiwei

    2015-12-01

    With advantages of large capacity, long distance, low energy consumption, low cost, less land occupation and light pollution, inland waterway transportation becomes one of the most important constituents of the comprehensive transportation system and comprehensive water resources utilization in China. As one of "three elements" of navigation, waterway is the important basis for the development of water transportation and plays a key supporting role in shipping economic. The paper discuss how to realize the informatization and digitization of waterway management based on constructing an integrated system of standard inland electronic navigation chart production, waterway maintenance, navigation mark remote sensing and control, ship dynamic management, and water level remote sensing and report, which can also be the foundation of the intelligent waterway construction. Digital waterway construction is an information project and also has a practical meaning for waterway. It can not only meet the growing high assurance and security requirements for waterway, but also play a significant advantage in improving transport efficiency, reducing costs, promoting energy conservation and so on. This study lays a solid foundation on realizing intelligent waterway and building a smooth, efficient, safe, green modern inland waterway system, and must be considered as an unavoidable problem for the coordinated development between "low carbon" transportation and social economic.

  13. Risk Management Research of Transmission Line Construction Cost Based on Monte Carlo Simulation%基于蒙特卡洛模拟的输电线路工程造价风险管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴焕苗; 李洪娟; 王官庆

    2012-01-01

    This paper firstly discusses the risk identification of the influencing factors of transmission line construction cost,and then proposes the transmission line construction cost risk management model based on Monte Carlo simulation.In the case study of a 220 kV transmission line project,historical data and Delphi method were used to conduct risk analysis of the project cost,and determine the probability distribution;multiple computer simulation calculation and sensitivity analysis were implemented;the numerical characteristics of total cost probability distribution,expectation value and correlation coefficient are generalized,which verify the feasibility of the proposed model.%对影响输电线路工程造价的因素进行风险识别,提出了基于蒙特卡洛模拟的输电线路工程造价风险管理模型。对某220kV输电线路进行实证研究,利用历史数据与专家调查的方法对工程造价进行风险分析,确定概率分布,用计算机进行多次模拟仿真计算、灵敏度分析,求得输电线路工程总造价的概率分布、期望值、相关性系数等数据特征值,验证了模型的可行性。

  14. Incentive Model Based on Cooperative Relationship in Sustainable Construction Projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guangdong Wu

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Considering the cooperative relationship between owners and contractors in sustainable construction projects, as well as the synergistic effects created by cooperative behaviors, a cooperative incentive model was developed using game theory. The model was formulated and analyzed under both non-moral hazard and moral hazard situations. Then, a numerical simulation and example were proposed to verify the conclusions derived from the model. The results showed that the synergistic effect increases the input intensity of one party’s resource transfer into the increase of marginal utility of the other party, thus the owner and contractor are willing to enhance their levels of effort. One party’s optimal benefit allocation coefficient is positively affected by its own output efficiency, and negatively affected by the other party’s output efficiency. The effort level and expected benefits of the owner and contractor can be improved by enhancing the cooperative relationship between the two parties, as well as enhancing the net benefits of a sustainable construction project. The synergistic effect cannot lower the negative effect of moral hazard behaviors during the implementation of sustainable construction projects. Conversely, the higher levels of the cooperative relationship, the wider the gaps amongst the optimal values under both non-moral hazard and moral hazard situations for the levels of effort, expected benefits and net project benefits. Since few studies to date have emphasized the effects of cooperative relationship on sustainable construction projects, this study constructed a game-based incentive model to bridge the gaps. This study contributes significant theoretical and practical insights into the management of cooperation amongst stakeholders, and into the enhancement of the overall benefits of sustainable construction projects.

  15. 基于本体的建设项目管理企业知识表示研究%The research of knowledge representation based on ontology in construction project management enterprise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨敏; 邓晓红; 刘京明

    2012-01-01

    First of all, this paper analyzes the present situation of having rich information resources in construction project management enterprise. In the same time, some knowledge and experience is difficult to save. Then, the basic framework of the knowledge is provided in construction project management enterprise. The knowledge is divided into two parts, one is named knowledge space, and another is information space. Finally, this paper uses Protege to construct the ontology model of knowledge space of construction project management enterprise.%首先分析了现有建设项目管理企业知识信息资源日益庞大的趋势及有些知识和经验难以保存的问题,提出建设项目管理企业知识的基本架构,将建设项目管理企业知识中的知识库划分为建设项目管理企业知识空间和建设项目管理企业信息空间,并利用Protégé构造了建设项目管理企业知识空间的本体模型。

  16. Environmental management of construction and demolition waste in Kuwait.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kartam, Nabil; Al-Mutairi, Nayef; Al-Ghusain, Ibrahim; Al-Humoud, Jasem

    2004-01-01

    There is an increasing pressure on the construction industry to reduce costs and improve the quality of our environment. The fact is that both of these goals can be achieved at the same time. Although construction and demolition (C&D) constitutes a major source of waste in terms of volume and weight, its management and recycling efforts have not yet seen the light in Kuwait. This study focuses on recycling efforts leading to the minimization of the total C&D waste that is currently landfilled in Kuwait. This paper presents the current status of C&D waste disposal system in Kuwait and identifies the potential problems to the environment, people and economy. Then, it investigates alternative solutions to manage and control this major type of waste in an economically efficient and environmentally safe manner. Next, the paper describes the feasibility of establishing a C&D waste recycling facility in Kuwait. It concludes by highlighting the major benefits and bottleneck problems with such a recycling facility.

  17. Analysis and management of risks experienced in tunnel construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cagatay Pamukcu

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study, first of all, the definitions of "risk", "risk analysis", "risk assessment" and "risk management" were made to avoid any confusions about these terms and significance of risk analysis and management in engineering projects was emphasized. Then, both qualitative and quantitative risk analysis techniques were mentioned and within the scope of the study, Event Tree Analysis method was selected in order to analyze the risks regarding TBM (Tunnel Boring Machine operations in tunnel construction. After all hazards that would be encountered during tunnel construction by TBM method had been investigated, those hazards were undergoing a Preliminary Hazard Analysis to sort out and prioritize the risks with high scores. When the risk scores were taken into consideration, it was seen that the hazards with high risk scores could be classified into 4 groups which are excavation + support induced accidents, accidents stemming from geologic conditions, auxiliary works, and project contract. According to these four classified groups of initiating events, Event Tree Analysis was conducted by taking into care 4 countermeasures apart from each other. Finally, the quantitative and qualitative consequences of Event Tree Analyses, which were undertaken for all initiating events, were investigated and interpreted together by making comparisons and referring to previous studies.

  18. Analysis on the Construction of University ’s Digital Library Based on the Knowledge Management%浅析基于知识管理的高校数字图书馆建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨景光

    2014-01-01

    The development of knowledge economy has promoted the emergence of knowledge management. This paper expounds the importance for university’s digital library to implement the knowledge management, analyzes the important significance of the construction of university’s digital library, probes into some problems existing in the construction of university’s digital library, puts forward some countermeasures for the construction of university’s digital library, and points out that in the construction of university’s digital library, the knowledge management and digital construction should be connected, which is the important development trend of the construction of university’s digital library in the future.%知识经济的发展促进了知识管理方式的出现。阐述了高校数字图书馆实行知识管理的重要性,分析了高校数字图书馆建设的重要意义,探讨了在高校数字图书馆建设过程中出现的问题,提出了建设高校数字图书馆的对策,指出在高校数字图书馆建设中要将知识管理与数字建设联结起来,这是未来高校数字图书馆建设的重要发展趋势。

  19. Reduction of construction wastes by improving construction contract management: a multinational evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendis, Daylath; Hewage, Kasun N; Wrzesniewski, Joanna

    2013-10-01

    The Canadian construction industry generates 30% of the total municipal solid waste deposited in landfills. Ample evidence can be found in the published literature about rework and waste generation due to ambiguity and errors in contract documents. Also, the literature quotes that disclaimer clauses in contract documents are included in the contractual agreements to prevent contractor claims, which often cause rework. Our professional practice has also noted that there are several disclaimer clauses in standard contract documents which have the potential to cause rework (and associated waste). This article illustrates a comparative study of standard contractual documents and their potential to create rework (and associated waste) in different regions of the world. The objectives of this study are (1) to analyse standard contractual documents in Canada, the USA and Australia in terms of their potential to generate rework and waste, and (2) to propose changes/amendments to the existing standard contract documents to minimise/avoid rework. In terms of construction waste management, all the reviewed standard contract documents have deficiencies. The parties that produce the contract documents include exculpatory clauses to avoid the other party's claims. This approach tends to result in rework and construction waste. The contractual agreements/contract documents should be free from errors, deficiencies, ambiguity and unfair risk transfers to minimise/avoid potential to generate rework and waste.

  20. 基于知识管理的高校图书馆特色数据库建设%Characteristic Database Construction of University Library Based on the Knowledge Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭浩娟

    2016-01-01

    文章分析了知识管理视角下高校图书馆特色数据库建设的目标,提出了特色数据库建设的思想,探讨了特色数据库建设的实施路径。%〔Abstract〕This paper analyzes the goal of characteristic database construction of university library from the perspective of knowledge management, and discusses the idea and implement path of characteristic database construction .

  1. Construction Of A Performance Assessment Model For Zakat Management Institutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Fadilah

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the research is to examine the performance evaluation using Balanced Scorecard model. The research is conducted due to a big gap existing between zakat (alms and religious tax in Islam with its potential earn of as much as 217 trillion rupiahs and the realization of the collected zakat fund that is only reached for three trillion. This indicates that the performance of zakat management organizations in collecting the zakat is still very low. On the other hand, the quantity and the quality of zakat management organizations have to be improved. This means the performance evaluation model as a tool to evaluate performance is needed. The model construct is making a performance evaluation model that can be implemented to zakat management organizations. The organizational performance with Balanced Scorecard evaluation model will be effective if it is supported by three aspects, namely:  PI, BO and TQM. This research uses explanatory method and data analysis tool of SEM/PLS. Data collecting technique are questionnaires, interviews and documentation. The result of this research shows that PI, BO and TQM simultaneously and partially gives a significant effect on organizational performance.

  2. Review of qualitative approaches for the construction industry: designing a risk management toolbox.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zalk, David M; Spee, Ton; Gillen, Matt; Lentz, Thomas J; Garrod, Andrew; Evans, Paul; Swuste, Paul

    2011-06-01

    This paper presents the framework and protocol design for a construction industry risk management toolbox. The construction industry needs a comprehensive, systematic approach to assess and control occupational risks. These risks span several professional health and safety disciplines, emphasized by multiple international occupational research agenda projects including: falls, electrocution, noise, silica, welding fumes, and musculoskeletal disorders. Yet, the International Social Security Association says, "whereas progress has been made in safety and health, the construction industry is still a high risk sector." Small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) employ about 80% of the world's construction workers. In recent years a strategy for qualitative occupational risk management, known as Control Banding (CB) has gained international attention as a simplified approach for reducing work-related risks. CB groups hazards into stratified risk 'bands', identifying commensurate controls to reduce the level of risk and promote worker health and safety. We review these qualitative solutions-based approaches and identify strengths and weaknesses toward designing a simplified CB 'toolbox' approach for use by SMEs in construction trades. This toolbox design proposal includes international input on multidisciplinary approaches for performing a qualitative risk assessment determining a risk 'band' for a given project. Risk bands are used to identify the appropriate level of training to oversee construction work, leading to commensurate and appropriate control methods to perform the work safely. The Construction Toolbox presents a review-generated format to harness multiple solutions-based national programs and publications for controlling construction-related risks with simplified approaches across the occupational safety, health and hygiene professions.

  3. Ontology-Based Representation and Reasoning in Building Construction Cost Estimation in China

    OpenAIRE

    Xin Liu; Zhongfu Li; Shaohua Jiang

    2016-01-01

    Cost estimation is one of the most critical tasks for building construction project management. The existing building construction cost estimation methods of many countries, including China, require information from several sources, including material, labor, and equipment, and tend to be manual, time-consuming, and error-prone. To solve these problems, a building construction cost estimation model based on ontology representation and reasoning is established, which includes three major compo...

  4. Portfolio Based Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daigneau, William A.

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the author talks about Portfolio Management, a concept used to make allocation decisions in the world of financial investments. While much has been written about Portfolio theory, and the term is widely used in the facilities management industry, little is really understood about the concept and its real-world application. The…

  5. Workflow management based on information management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lutters, Diederick; Mentink, R.J.; van Houten, Frederikus J.A.M.; Kals, H.J.J.

    2001-01-01

    In manufacturing processes, the role of the underlying information is of the utmost importance. Based on three different types of integration (function, information and control), as well as the theory of information management and the accompanying information structures, the entire product creation

  6. Management of metrology in measuring of the displacement of building construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiří Kratochvíl

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The metrology management of the measurement of the displacement of building construction is not regulated in the standard ČSN ISO 73 0405 - Measurement of the displacement of building construction. But the metrology management has to be included in the project of measurement of the displacement (Stage of project. Then we have to pay an attention to the metrological management during this measurement (Stage of realization and during the evaluation of this measurement (Stage of evaluation. We have to insist on the subsequent improving of metrology management within the frame of the next project (so-called feedback. The metrology management in the measurement of the displacement during the stages should be based on an application of statutory instruments and technical standards. We should insist especially on the system of standards for the quality control ISO 9000. Considering specialities of geodetic measurements it is necessary to adapt the metrology management. That is why it will differ from the metrology management in other fields of knowledge. This paper includes some steps of metrological provision which must not be ignored.

  7. Management of climatic heat stress risk in construction: a review of practices, methodologies, and future research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowlinson, Steve; Yunyanjia, Andrea; Li, Baizhan; Chuanjingju, Carrie

    2014-05-01

    Climatic heat stress leads to accidents on construction sites brought about by a range of human factors emanating from heat induced illness, and fatigue leading to impaired capability, physical and mental. It is an occupational characteristic of construction work in many climates and the authors take the approach of re-engineering the whole safety management system rather than focusing on incremental improvement, which is current management practice in the construction industry. From a scientific viewpoint, climatic heat stress is determined by six key factors: (1) air temperature, (2) humidity, (3) radiant heat, and (4) wind speed indicating the environment, (5) metabolic heat generated by physical activities, and (6) "clothing effect" that moderates the heat exchange between the body and the environment. By making use of existing heat stress indices and heat stress management processes, heat stress risk on construction sites can be managed in three ways: (1) control of environmental heat stress exposure through use of an action-triggering threshold system, (2) control of continuous work time (CWT, referred by maximum allowable exposure duration) with mandatory work-rest regimens, and (3) enabling self-paced working through empowerment of employees. Existing heat stress practices and methodologies are critically reviewed and the authors propose a three-level methodology for an action-triggering, localized, simplified threshold system to facilitate effective decisions by frontline supervisors. The authors point out the need for "regional based" heat stress management practices that reflect unique climatic conditions, working practices and acclimatization propensity by local workers indifferent geographic regions. The authors set out the case for regional, rather than international, standards that account for this uniqueness and which are derived from site-based rather than laboratory-based research.

  8. Construction and Application of the Operation Whole Process Management Platform Based on HIS%基于HIS的手术全过程监管平台的构建与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷杰; 叶庆廖家智; 秦仁义

    2015-01-01

    基于医院HIS,借助于数据挖掘技术,通过设计开发手术质量、效率与实时监测系统,构建以信息化为基础的手术监管平台来实现全手术过程的监管,制定围手术期管理的监管体系与具体指标,实施系统的自动统计、分析与推送,为医院领导层面的策略提供可测评的数据支撑,从而达到提高手术运行质量与效率,保障手术患者的安全,推动医院的整体运营效益。%The total data source based on HIS, with the aid of the data mining technology, through the development of operation quality, efficiency and real time monitoring system design, construction to achieve the whole operation process supervision operation supervision platform based on information, the formulation of peri operation period management supervision system and specific index, the automatic statistics, analysis and push the implementation of the system, provides the data support for the evaluation of hospital leadership level strategy, so as to improve the operation quality and efficiency of operation, ensure operation patient safety, promote the hospital's overall operational effectiveness.

  9. Risk Management of Procurement Challenges: The Implication To Construction Firms In Ghana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timothy Adu Gyamfi

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available It is clear that procurement challenges have been enormous task delving the major stakeholders in construction industry. The construction industry all over the world is fraught with challenges and the case of Ghana is no different. The study set out to examine Risk management of procurement challenges: The implication to construction firms in Ghana. This study which was conducted within the Ashanti Region of Ghana, primarily sought to identify procurement challenges facing firms in Ashanti region and the effective methods used to deal with those challenges. This study adopted a quantitative research approach; the study used convenient (purposive sampling to select 20 first class construction companies within the Ashanti Region. Four management staff from each firm was used, and thus, the study population for the 20 firms will be 80. Sample for the study consisted of 40 respondents from ten (10 first class construction firms in the Ashanti region. These constitute 50% of the targeted population. Questionnaires were used to solicit data and statistical tools used to analyse the data collected are descriptive tools such as frequency, and percentages and also Chisquare. The study has found that risk assessment approaches used by the firms to identify procurement challenges were based on the past experiences of the firms, quantification of possible losses, and predictions drawn from secondary data. Also the challenges to procurement were the unavailability of indices for bids and costs, unavailability of construction materials, improper inventory management, and risks with working at height. The study has established that the methods for dealing with the challenges included direct imports of construction materials, the use of other substitutes, monitoring inventory and training workers on working at height.

  10. Construction of a class of Daubechies type wavelet bases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li Dengfeng [Institute of Applied Mathematics, School of Mathematics and Information Sciences Henan University, Kaifeng 475001 (China); Wu Guochang [College of Information, Henan University of Finance and Economics, Zhengzhou 450002 (China)], E-mail: archang-0111@163.com

    2009-10-15

    Extensive work has been done in the theory and the construction of compactly supported orthonormal wavelet bases of L{sup 2}(R). Some of the most distinguished work was done by Daubechies, who constructed a whole family of such wavelet bases. In this paper, we construct a class of orthonormal wavelet bases by using the principle of Daubechies, and investigate the length of support and the regularity of these wavelet bases.

  11. HIV and tuberculosis: the construction and management of double stigma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daftary, Amrita

    2012-05-01

    Mitigation of the tuberculosis (TB) and HIV syndemic is undermined by critical clinical, operational and social challenges of which the social aspects have been least explored. This paper examines the lived experience of TB disease and HIV from the perspective of affected individuals to analyze how they may think about their dual illness; how they understand their illness with TB in relation to HIV, and vice versa; and how they characterize their (stigmatized) experiences in the context of their perceptions and identities. From February-August 2009, qualitative, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 40 adults with HIV and TB disease at three ambulatory clinics in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Subjective meanings of illness experience were analyzed using modified grounded-theory. Emergent themes on illness perception and disclosure revealed how patients constructed dichotomous identities associated with TB and HIV through social constructs of moral susceptibility and (im)permanence. Each identity was associated with relatively disparate degrees of stigma as a product of labeling, negative stereotyping and discrimination. HIV bore the least desirable identity and invoked the greatest stigma. However, the confluence of the two epidemics rendered TB symbolic and symptomatic of HIV, and enhanced the visibility of AIDS. Dual illness thus introduced a paradox to patients' identity constructions, and produced a unique, overlapping double stigma. This facilitated new forms of stigma against TB, and aggravated existing stigma against HIV. It also conferred visibility to some forms of extra-pulmonary TB. Patients managed their double stigmas through novel forms of information sharing that relied on segregating their dual illness identities. Patients deflected the dominant stigma of HIV through concurrent processes of HIV 'othering' - their symbolic distancing from persons affected by HIV, and 'covering' - their selective disclosure of illness (and identity associated

  12. The Construction of Laboratory Technical Team in Colleges and Universities:Based on Post Management%基于岗位管理的高校实验技术队伍建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷鸿斌

    2016-01-01

    根据岗位管理理论,按岗位制度竞争上岗能实现人员最优配置。通过对高校实验技术人员调查,发现高校实验技术队伍建设中存在着岗位设置依据笼统、缺乏规范的岗位说明书、岗位分类不科学、“一人双职"、岗位聘任流于形式、岗位考核体系不完整等问题。应以岗位管理为契机,通过科学设岗、明确职责、按岗聘用,使人岗、人人在互动中实现最佳配合,充分调动高校实验技术人员的积极性,以提高工作效率。%According to theories on post management,competing for the posts bases on the post system can achieve the optimal configuration. Survey of technical personnel in colleges and universities has shown that there are many problems like the over general basis for post setting in the laboratory technical team construction in colleges and universities,lack of standard job description,unscientific post classification,“one person double duty”,mere formality of employment,incomplete job evaluation system and so on.Therefore,taking post management as an opportunity,suggestions are provided in this essay such as scientific post setting,clarifying responsibilities,employment based on dif-ferent posts.In this way,in the interaction of the staff members and posts,we can realize the best match between the staff members and the posts,as well as cooperation between the staff members,and thus to help the university laboratory technical team play their role and seek the improvement of work efficiency.

  13. Quality Management in the Design and Construction Phase: A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nafees Ahmed Memon

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Construction industry plays an important role in the development of any country. The development of construction industry depends on the quality of construction products and projects. Quality is one of the critical factors in the success of construction projects in Pakistan. Improvement in the quality of construction projects is linked with quality management in the project life cycle. Although quality management at every stage of project life cycle is important but the quality management at the design and construction stage contributes significantly on final quality outcome of construction projects. This paper therefore highlights the importance of quality management in the design and construction phase. It presents the findings of two major cities in Pakistan and suggests some proactive measures for the improvement of quality in the design and execution phase of construction projects.

  14. Construction Management and Local Contractors--A Good Team for the Owner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kluenker, Charles

    1987-01-01

    Using local contractors for construction work benefits the community by keeping money in the area and reducing the cost of imported management and labor. To accomplish this, the construction management firm must have the commitment to working with the local contractors throughout the entire design, bidding, and construction period. (MLF)

  15. Determining the essential skill requirements for construction managers' practice in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olabode E Ogunsanmi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The study investigates the essential skill requirements for construction managers in Nigeria. The objective is to determine the most important skill requirements for construction managers. A structured questionnaire was administered to construction professionals who worked recently with construction managers in their recently completed projects. Snowballing sampling technique was used to select seventy (70 respondents, however only forty (40 responses were used for the data analysis. The results indicate that essential skills required by the construction managers for their jobs include: procedural-industrial skills, quality assurance/management, listening skills, knowledge of codes and regulations, sustainable skills and ability to learn skills. These skills are important for the construction manager to practice effectively in Nigeria and other developing countries. These findings have seven practical implications to professional bodies, Universities and other trainers of construction managers, whose present curricula may be deficient in knowledge areas in industry (business, managerial, personal and technical. These institutions may need to re-orientate and improve the curricula for newly trained construction managers to cope with current skill requirements. On the other hand, recruiting agencies should ensure that job applicants with the right hard and soft skills are engaged as construction managers. Consequently efficient and effective management of future construction projects in Nigeria and other developing countries can be ensured.

  16. A comparison of subscription and open access journals in construction management and related fields

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo-Christer Bjork

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The Internet has profoundly changed the technical infrastructure for the publishing of scientific peer reviewed journals. The traditional business model of selling the content to subscribers is increasingly being challenged by Open Access journals, which are either run at low cost by voluntary academics or which sell dissemination services to authors. In addition authors in many fields are taking advantage of the legal possibilities of uploading free manuscript versions to institutional or subject-based repositories, in order to increase readership and impact. Construction Management is lagging behind many other fields in utilising the potential of the web for efficient dissemination results, in particular to academics outside the leading universities in industrialised countries. This study looks closer at the current publishing situation in construction management and related fields and compares empirical data about 16 OA journals and 16 traditional subscription journals. Of the articles published in 2011 in the subscription journals only 9 % could be found as OA copies. The overall OA availability (including article in OA journals was 14 % for Construction Management and Economics and 29 for construction IT scholarship. 

  17. Construction of Marine Management Information Sharing Platform Based on Service-oriented Architecture%基于SOA的海洋执法信息共享平台建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张建辉; 张洁

    2013-01-01

    SuperMap iServer Java 6R是SuperMap GIS 6R产品体系的一部分,是基于Java EE平台和SuperMap Objects Java 6R构建的面向服务式架构(SOA)的企业级GIS产品,它为信息服务共享平台建设提供了良好的基础软件.国家海洋执法部门在长期执法实践中积累了丰富的数据资源,而且这些海量的业务数据大部分与地理空间息息相关.但是由于这些数据存在数据量大、格式多样、结构不一和存储分散等诸多问题,无法满足相关业务部门信息传输和资源共享的要求,更无法为海洋综合执法提供有效的决策分析和信息服务.针对海洋执法管理部门这一现状,提出了面向SOA架构基于SuperMap iServer开展二三维GIS一体化海洋执法信息共享平台建设的目标与原则,设计了平台结构体系,阐述了平台数据库、服务总线、业务系统及支撑体系等4个方面的建设内容,分析了平台建设所需的关键技术,归纳了平台建设的意义和作用.%SuperMap iServer Java 6R which is one parts of SuperMap GIS 6R products is enterprise GIS product constructed based on Java EE platform and SuperMap Objects Java 6R. A wealth of data resource was accumulated when the agencies of State Oceanic Administration were practicing for a long time. Also, most of these vast amounts of business data are closely related to the geographical space. But, there are some problems in the aspect of sharing information and accessing data in all departments of State Oceanic Administration. For example, the data volumes are large, the data formats and structures are different, and also stored in various sectors. So it doesn't meet the relevant business department transferring information and sharing of resources, and doesn't provided effective decision-making and information services for the departments of State Oceanic Administration doing comprehensive management and enforcement. According to this condition, this paper proposed the

  18. Course Construction of Marketing Management Based on Work Process%基于工作过程的《市场营销》课程建设初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严双艳

    2013-01-01

    市场营销课程应以工作过程为基点、以项目为导向、以任务为驱动,严格按照“实践技能培养为主,理论知识够用为度”的基本原则,在内容选择上做到“适度、够用”,在技能培养上做到教、学、做一体化运行。同时,要创新教学模式、教学方法、教学手段和考核方式,采取“项目导入,任务驱动”的新模式,把学生培养成既懂知识,又有过硬的工作能力的高素质技能型人才。%The course of Marketing Management should be work process-based, project-oriented and task-driven. For course construc-tion, the basic principle of "training practical skills firstly and learning enough theoretical knowledge moderately" should be followed strictly with moderate and enough content and an integration of teaching, learning and doing in training skills. Meanwhile, in order to train the students into high-quality skilled personnel who is knowledgeable and has strong working ability, the teachers should innovate mode, methods and means of teaching and assessment methods, and take a new project-oriented and task-driven mode.

  19. EPC总承包模式下基于无缺陷管理的组织构建%Organization Construction Based on No-defect Management in EPC General Contract Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    艾芳蓉; 张宁; 黄秀梅

    2016-01-01

    The emergent events in international engineering are stochastic, uncertain and devastating. Under EPC general contracting mode, the emergent events are likely to cause serious economic loss to EPC general contractor. The researches on emergent events in international project are mostly passive control. There are few researches on targeted active control of emergent events risk. This paper mainly studies the organization construction based on the no-defect management in the EPC general contracting mode, using the TextRank algorithm, with the help of Guidelines for Foreign Investment Country / Territory Cooperation, information in the World Bank database and keyword extraction technology, to predict emergencies. LEC method is used for risk assessment, and then emergency organization is built, contingency plans are developed.%国际工程中的突发事件有随机性、不确定性及巨大的破坏性,在EPC总承包模式下,很可能给EPC总承包商造成严重的经济损失。而对于国际工程项目突发事件的研究多为被动控制,有针对性的主动控制突发事件的风险研究尚且较少,本文主要研究EPC总承包模式下基于无缺陷管理的组织构建,利用TextRank算法,借助《对外投资合作国别(地区)指南》、世界银行数据库中的信息,利用关键词提取技术,对突发事件进行预测,利用LEC法进行风险评价,再构建应急组织,制定应急预案。

  20. Design on Information System of the River Bridge Construction Management Based on GIS%基于GIS的大桥施工管理信息系统的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史永兴; 郭志佳

    2012-01-01

    桥梁施工管理信息系统应用GIS技术,将施工过程中的测量、进度、质量和成本作为系统管理的重点,设计了11个子系统,涵盖了大量的空间信息,内容丰富、覆盖面广、适应性强。它在提高管理效率、把握施工进程、控制施工质量等方面,都显示出传统的手工管理模式无法比拟的优点,同时强大的图形表现能力,使它比传统数据库更具有现实的研究价值。%Using the technology of GIS information system of bridge construction management takes it into account which is the measure,schedule,quality and cost during the construction,including eleven sub-systems with abundant dimensional information,wide content,large scale and strong adaptability.There are incomparable advantages that overcome the shortcoming of traditional managements,such as improving controlling the course of construction and quality,and strong graphic capability that enables system to have more realistic research value exceeding traditional database.

  1. 建筑施工管理及绿色建筑施工管理分析%Analysis on construction management and green building construction management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章勇

    2015-01-01

    对建筑施工进度管理、质量管理、安全管理及成本管理进行了研究,并从节约能耗、避免污染、废弃物排放、噪声控制等角度分析了绿色建筑施工方法,探讨了施工管理及绿色施工两者的关系,以创造出优质的建筑。%This paper researched the construction schedule management,quality management,safety management and cost management,and from the energy saving,avoid pollution,waste emissions,noise control and other views analyzed the green building construction method,dis-cussed the relationship of construction management and green construction,to create the high quality building.

  2. Investigating factors influencing construction waste management efforts in developing countries: an experience from Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manowong, Ektewan

    2012-01-01

    Rapid economic growth and urbanization in developing countries lead to extensive construction activities that generate a large amount of waste. A challenge is how to manage construction waste in the most sustainable way. In the developing world, research on construction waste management is scarce and such academic knowledge needs to be responsive to actual practices in the industry in order to be implemented. As construction projects involve a number of participants and stakeholders, their participation and commitment can have a major influence on the goals of green and sustainable construction for urban development. This study provides a significant step in conducting a very first research of this kind in Thailand by aiming to investigate the level of construction stakeholders' commitment as well as the achievement of construction waste management in order to improve short-term practices and to establish a long-term strategic construction waste management plan. In this study, a structural equation model was employed to investigate the influence of factors that are related to environmental aspects, social aspects, and economic aspect of construction waste management. Concern about health and safety was found to be the most significant and dominant influence on the achievement of sustainable construction waste management. Other factors affecting the successful management of construction waste in Thai construction projects were also identified. It is perceived that this study has potential to contribute useful guidelines for practitioners both in Thailand and other developing countries with similar contexts.

  3. CONSTRUCTION COST INTEGRATED CONTROL BASED ON COMPUTER SIMULATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Construction cost control is a complex system engineering. Thetraditional controlling method cannot dynamically control in advance the construction cost because of its hysteresis. This paper proposes a computer simulation based construction cost integrated control method, which combines the cost with PERT systematically, so that the construction cost can be predicted and optimized systematically and effectively. The new method overcomes the hysteresis of the traditional systems, and is a distinct improvement over them in effect and practicality.

  4. Study on the Roles of FWUA in Construction, Management and Maintenance of Small-Scale Irrigation and Water Conservancy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shaoshu; LI; Ke; YUAN

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, China has been frequented by floods and droughts which has greatly evoked much concern from the Central Government about rural water conservancy construction. Irrigation is closely related to the "three rural" issues and concerns about the vital interests of farmers. To achieve a virtuous circle of agricultural water supply, it is necessary and urgent to establish Farmer Water User Association (FWUA) to participate in the construction, management and maintenance of small-scale irrigation system. Based on the survey on nationwide "Small-scale irrigation conditions", the roles of FWUA in the construction, management and maintenance of small-scale water conservancy have studied in this study.

  5. Preliminary study on enhancing waste management best practice model in Malaysia construction industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jamaludin, Amril Hadri; Karim, Nurulzatushima Abdul; Noor, Raja Nor Husna Raja Mohd; Othman, Nurulhidayah; Malik, Sulaiman Abdul

    2017-08-01

    Construction waste management (CWM) is the practice of minimizing and diverting construction waste, demolition debris, and land-clearing debris from disposal and redirecting recyclable resources back into the construction process. Best practice model means best choice from the collection of other practices that was built for purpose of construction waste management. The practice model can help the contractors in minimizing waste before the construction activities will be started. The importance of minimizing wastage will have direct impact on time, cost and quality of a construction project. This paper is focusing on the preliminary study to determine the factors of waste generation in the construction sites and identify the effectiveness of existing construction waste management practice conducted in Malaysia. The paper will also include the preliminary works of planned research location, data collection method, and analysis to be done by using the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) to help in developing suitable waste management best practice model that can be used in the country.

  6. Peptide Based Radiopharmaceuticals: Specific Construct Approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Som, P; Rhodes, B A; Sharma, S S

    1997-10-21

    The objective of this project was to develop receptor based peptides for diagnostic imaging and therapy. A series of peptides related to cell adhesion molecules (CAM) and immune regulation were designed for radiolabeling with 99mTc and evaluated in animal models as potential diagnostic imaging agents for various disease conditions such as thrombus (clot), acute kidney failure, and inflection/inflammation imaging. The peptides for this project were designed by the industrial partner, Palatin Technologies, (formerly Rhomed, Inc.) using various peptide design approaches including a newly developed rational computer assisted drug design (CADD) approach termed MIDAS (Metal ion Induced Distinctive Array of Structures). In this approach, the biological function domain and the 99mTc complexing domain are fused together so that structurally these domains are indistinguishable. This approach allows construction of conformationally rigid metallo-peptide molecules (similar to cyclic peptides) that are metabolically stable in-vivo. All the newly designed peptides were screened in various in vitro receptor binding and functional assays to identify a lead compound. The lead compounds were formulated in a one-step 99mTc labeling kit form which were studied by BNL for detailed in-vivo imaging using various animals models of human disease. Two main peptides usingMIDAS approach evolved and were investigated: RGD peptide for acute renal failure and an immunomodulatory peptide derived from tuftsin (RMT-1) for infection/inflammation imaging. Various RGD based metallopeptides were designed, synthesized and assayed for their efficacy in inhibiting ADP-induced human platelet aggregation. Most of these peptides displayed biological activity in the 1-100 µM range. Based on previous work by others, RGD-I and RGD-II were evaluated in animal models of acute renal failure. These earlier studies showed that after acute ischemic injury the renal cortex displays

  7. 基于决策支持系统的高校人事管理信息化建设%Decision- making Supporting System- based Personnel Management Informatization Construction of Higher Learning Institutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔新

    2009-01-01

    人事管理信息化程度影响着高校人事工作效率和人事决策的实施,以决策支持系统的视角来研究高校人事管理信息化,对进一步加快人事管理的现代化进程、促进人事管理信息系统的建设,最终实现高等学校人事管理的全面信息化具有重要的理论和现实意义.%Personnel management informatization greatly affects the efficiency of personnel works and implemen-tation of personnel decisions in institutions of higher learning. Studying personnel management informatization from the perspective of decision- making supporting system is of theoretical and practical significance for further speeding up the modernization of personnel management, facilitating the construction of personnel management information system, and finally realizing the comprehensive informatization of personnel management of higher learning institutions.

  8. The Influence of Project Managers on Construction Health and Safety in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Smallwood

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper reports on a study which investigates the influence of project managers (PMs,independent agents engaged by clients to manage and co-ordinate the design and constructionprocesses, on construction health and safety (H&S.Based upon a literature review and descriptive survey of PMs, the study determined thatPMs prioritise the traditional project parameters of cost, quality and time, consider andrefer to H&S more frequently during construction, than during procurement and designrelated occasions, generally consider and refer to H&S relative to various design relatedactivities, encounter design and procurement related situations which negatively affectH&S more frequently than situations which complement H&S. It also found that the potentialexists for various design, procurement and related aspects and actions to contribute toan improvement in H&S performance, and inadequate H&S negatively impacts on otherproject parameters and increases project risk.

  9. Decisive management in selecting locations for development of construction projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szafranko, E.; Pawłowicz, J. A.

    2017-08-01

    The location of an investment project is one of the most important decisions in the construction and land development business. The shape of a new building and aspects of its future use depend on making a good choice of a land plot where it will be constructed. There are many characteristics involved descriptions of land available for development. On the one hand, different buildings (with different envisaged use) fit differently to a given location. Residential homes, for example, require a location which will ensure a peaceful lifestyle, with places for walks and recreation, situated in a relatively quite setting. On the other hand, close proximity to schools, shops or a health clinic is another important consideration. Industrial buildings should be localized so as not to be a nuisance to others, and their location should facilitate efficient transport of raw materials and ready products. Yet other requirements are defined for public buildings. It is therefore evident that the characteristics included in an evaluation of the location of a planned building can be highly diverse and their diversity makes the evaluation difficult. Selection of a location can be supported by a variety of methods. For instance, an evaluation can rely on assigning points which indicate the fulfillment of certain criteria. This approach generates a complex evaluation in the form of tables and maps of usefulness. Another possibility is to make an assessment of the criteria that a given land parcels should satisfy in order to develop a specific type of a building. Having combined these two sets of information, we can create a system or a model for the management of land resources, which will easily help to support decision making processes pertaining to the choice of a location. This article shows a model approach for a specific building.

  10. Using Data Mining Techniques to Support Value Management Workshops in Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHEN Qiping; GUO Jianfeng; ZHANG Jianping; LIU Guiwen

    2008-01-01

    Problem-solving processes in value management (VM) workshops in the construction industry are experience-based, and the quality of these workshops depends very much on the experience of the team members. The efficiency and effectiveness of VM workshops can be improved by better reusing the experi-ence of previous VM cases and field knowledge. This paper describes a new approach to facilitate VM workshops in the construction industry using data mining (DM) techniques. The feasibility of integrating DM techniques with VM workshops in the construction industry is demonstrated in case studies. Examples are presented to illustrate different methods of applying DM tools in VM workshops. The results show that DM techniques can help team members in VM workshops to understand their problems more clearly and to generate more ideas for current problems.

  11. Research of Financial Informationization Construction system based on VPN Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Zheng

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available With the continuous deepening of China's educational reform, “multi-campus” school system has become a common phenomenon in China colleges. It is a burning question that how to improve the efficiency of the financial management. Not only is VPN (Virtual Private Network technology provide effective solutions for “isolated island” of financial information among campus but also VPN is a safe, reliable and cost saving new garrison networking. Through analysis of current university financial information systems status, based on MPLS (Multi Protocol Label Switching and technology principles of VPN (Virtual Private Network and combined with practical, financial information systems construction solutions are provided under multi-campus school conditions.

  12. The Comparative Effect of Individually-Constructed vs. Collaboratively-Constructed Computer-Based Concept Maps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, So Young; Cifuentes, Lauren

    2009-01-01

    The researchers investigated the comparative effects of individually-constructed and collaboratively-constructed computer-based concept mapping on middle school science concept learning. One hundred and sixty one students completed the entire study. Using prior science performance scores to assure equivalence of student achievement across groups,…

  13. 基于Plone/Zope内容管理系统构建图书馆信息服务平台%Discussion on the Construction of library Information Service Platform Based on Content Management System Plone/Zope

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周伟光

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduces the connotations,basic features and the course of setuping the plone/zope content management system. Introduces the content of constructing library information service platform by using the plone/zope content management system and the various mode of providing information services to the public readers by using this platform.%详细介绍了Hone/Zope内容管理系统的含义、基本特征及安装过程。深入地探讨了利用Hone/Zope内容管理系统构建图书馆信息服务平台的内容和利用这个平台为广大读者提供信息服务的各种方法。

  14. Management strategies to harness cultural diversity in Australian construction sites - a social identity perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Loosemore

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Construction sites around the world employ large numbers of people from diverse cultural backgrounds. The effective management of this cultural diversity has important implications for the productivity, safety, health and welfare of construction workers and for the performance and reputation of firms which employ them. The findings of a three year, multi-staged study of cultural diversity management practices on construction sites are critiqued using social identity theory. This reveals that so called “best-practice” diversity management strategies may have an opposite effect to that intended. It is concluded that the management of diversity on construction projects would benefit from being informed by social identity research.

  15. Study on the construction of medical equipment management system based on HRP%基于医院资源规划的医疗设备管理系统构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张和华; 唐昊; 向华; 吴旋; 尹军

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To achieve efficient management of hospital medical equipment and establish a medical equipment management system based on hospital resource planning (HRP).Methods: Using HRP system, we established seven medical equipment management modules which were the basic information, equipment asset management, equipment maintenance management, equipment depreciation management, time management, archives management, statistics and query management. The system realized the whole life cycle of digital management which from the medical equipment purchase planned to declare the use from the scrap.Results: Medical equipment management process is simple and clear. It has high transparency and effectively improves the management of hospital medical equipment information and the degree of integration.Conclusion: Medical equipment management system can improve the efficiency of equipment management and utilization, reduce equipment costs, and improve medical efficiency based on the HRP system.%目的:建立医院资源规划(HRP)的医疗设备管理系统,实现医院医疗设备的高效管理。方法:利用HRP系统建立基本信息、设备资产管理、设备维修管理、设备折旧管理、使用期管理、档案管理及查询统计管理的7个医疗设备管理模块,对医疗设备从购置计划申报至使用后报废的全生命周期进行数字化管理。结果:实现了医疗设备管理流程规范简洁且透明度高,有效提高了医院医疗设备管理的信息化和集成化程度。结论:基于HRP系统的医疗设备管理能够提高医院医疗设备的管理与利用效率,减少设备成本,提升医院社会效益。

  16. Construction of Agricultural University Students’ Entrepreneurship Incubation Base – Taking Sichuan Agricultural University as a Case Study

    OpenAIRE

    Xia Yao; Jianping Xie; Linchun He

    2013-01-01

    In the recent years, as an effective practice in university students’ entrepreneurship education, construction of university students’ entrepreneurship incubation base has been rapidly developed in different universities. This paper takes construction of the entrepreneurship incubation base in Sichuan Agricultural University as a case study, analyzes the current status of university students’ entrepreneurship incubation base and makes a discussion on establishment of management institution, f...

  17. Research of Manufacture Time Management System Based on PLM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jing, Ni; Juan, Zhu; Liangwei, Zhong

    This system is targeted by enterprises manufacturing machine shop, analyzes their business needs and builds the plant management information system of Manufacture time and Manufacture time information management. for manufacturing process Combined with WEB technology, based on EXCEL VBA development of methods, constructs a hybrid model based on PLM workshop Manufacture time management information system framework, discusses the functionality of the system architecture, database structure.

  18. A Decision Support System for Construction Projects Based on Standardized Exchanged Documents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MA Zhiliang; LU Ning; GU Weihua

    2008-01-01

    Large amounts of documents are exchanged during the construction phase of projects, which covers the important management information. To utilize the exchanged documents to support decision-making of the management staffs, the requirement analysis was carried out based on the interviews to the practitioners. A decision support system called Explyzer+ was developed based on the previous prototype system Explyzer. The latter was enhanced by adding the functions to automate the whole process and the techniques of data mining including decision tree analysis and clustering analysis. A case study for in-depth information analysis was conducted based on the data obtained from a large construction project to demon-strate its feasibility and effectiveness. The system could effectively assist the management staffs to carry out in-depth information analysis for decision-making in construction projects.

  19. 基于生态修复的青海湖沙柳河鱼道建设与维护%Construction and management of fish passage on Shaliu River adjacent to Qinghai Lake based on ecological restoration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晓春; 史建全

    2014-01-01

    River. After considering inlet location of fish passage, suction flow and hydraulic conditions within passage, the inlet was located at the area with aggregated fish and slow current velocity. The water flow was 0.5 m/s, the current velocity was 0.1-0.25 m3/s, as well as the slope of 1:10 within fish passage. 3) The ladder slope type fish passage was built on the dam of Shaliu River in 2010, which used two types open fishponds of multi-ladder and slight slope. Fish passage without hindrance had been almost come to be real through this type. This type was designed according to basic theories and related parameters of simple fish passage. The length was 80 m and the width was 1.3 m for each platform, and the outer edge width was 0.3 m, height difference of outer edge between two adjacent levels was 0.15 m, as well as the height difference between outer edge and adjacent lower inner edge was nearly 0.35 m. Fish passage had 18 levels in total, and its plane width was 23.4 m, vertical height was 3 m and length extended to 160 m. In addition, the suggestions on design of fish passage in China had been discussed. Four highlights were provided, including:1) The fish gathering area should be considered when locating the inlet;2) Migration ability of fish should be thought over while designing; 3) The passage should be improved and maintained regularly in the process of operation;4) The design of fish passage needs the attention and joint effort of experts from multi-principles. Furthermore, the strategies on construction and management of fish passage based on ecological restoration had been presented, which included:setting the goal of fish passage design based on the ecosystem function value, realizing the idea of fish passage design serving for fish, establishing the systematic ways for fish passage design, construction and maintenance.

  20. 基于建立施工企业质量管理体系模式的研究——以GB/T50430与GB/T19001的要求为依据%Constructing Quality Management System for Construction Enterprise:Based on the Requirement of GB/T50430 and GB/T19001

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄秋梅

    2012-01-01

    GB/T19001-2008《质量管理体系要求》与GB/T 50430-2007《工程建设施工企业质量管理规范》相结合应用于建立实施施工企业质量管理体系,能更加有效的提高规范施工企业质量管理活动、提高工作质量和工程质量、提高顾客满意度的有效性和效率.%Integrating GBf/T19001-2008 Requirements of Quality Management System and GB/T 50430-2007 Quality Management Standard for Engineering Construction Enterprise together and applying it to building and implementing quality management system of construction enterprise can effectively improve and regulate quality management of construction enterprise, improve working quality and engineering quality, and enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of customer satisfaction.

  1. Rules-based object-relational databases ontology construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Jia; Wu Yue

    2009-01-01

    To solve the problems of sharing and reusing information in the information system, a rules-based ontology constructing approach from object-relational databases is proposed. A 3-tuple ontology constructing model is proposed first. Then, four types of ontology constructing rules including class, property, property characteristics, and property restrictions axe formalized affording to the model. Experiment results described in Web ontology language prove that our proposed approach is feasible for applying in the semantic objects project of semantic computing laboratory in UC Irvine. Our approach reduces about twenty percent constructing time compared with the ontology construction from relational databases.

  2. Construction project investment control model based on instant information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xue-tong

    2006-01-01

    Change of construction conditions always influences project investment by causing the loss of construction work time and extending the duration. To resolve such problem as difficult dynamic control in work construction plan, this article presents a concept of instant optimization by ways of adjustment operation time of each working procedure to minimize investment change. Based on this concept, its mathematical model is established and a strict mathematical justification is performed. An instant optimization model takes advantage of instant information in the construction process to duly complete adjustment of construction; thus we maximize cost efficiency of project investment.

  3. Giving patients responsibility or fostering mutual response-ability: family physicians' constructions of effective chronic illness management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thille, Patricia H; Russell, Grant M

    2010-10-01

    Current visions of family medicine and models of chronic illness management integrate evidence-based medicine with collaborative, patient-centered care, despite critiques that these constructs conflict with each other. With this potential conflict in mind, we applied a critical discursive psychology methodology to present discursive patterns articulated by 13 family physicians in Ontario, Canada, regarding care of patients living with multiple chronic illnesses. Physicians constructed competing versions of the terms "effective chronic illness management" and "patient involvement." One construction integrated individual responsibility for health with primacy of "evidence," resulting in a conceptualization consistent with paternalistic care. The second constructed effective care as involving active partnership of physician and patient, implying a need to foster the ability of both practitioners and patients to respond to complex challenges as they arose. The former pattern is inconsistent with visions of family medicine and chronic illness management, whereas the latter embodies it.

  4. Construction and implementation of multisource spatial data management system of China's coastal zone and offshore

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DU Yunyan; WANG Jinggui; WANG Zuoyong; YANG Xiaomei

    2004-01-01

    To meet the increasing demand of national spatial database infrastructureconstruction and application, a concept modelof China' s coastal zone scientific data platform is established based on the information feature analysis of a compounddataset, consisting of remote sensing data and conventional data. Based on this concept model, the detailed logicaldatabase structure and the storage strategy of remote sensing data and their metadata using ArcSDE are designed. Thecomplicated technology of multisources data combination in this research is crucial to the future coastal zone andoffshore database construction and practical nmning, which will provide intelligent information analysis andtechnological service for coastal zone and offshore investigation, research, development and management.

  5. Porter's value chain (construction, deconstruction, reconstruction and values management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E.V. Krykavskyy

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The phases of the Porter's value chain are distinguished: construction of chain value – Porters model (Stage 1; deconstruction – identifying contradictions, disorganizing elements of unnecessary processes that do not add value (Stage 2; reconstruction (synthesis – creates a new value chain (Stage 3. The results of the analysis. The principles of convergence of value and supply chains are identified and the need to focus on supply chain performance is proved. The dependence of design value chain/supply chain on the chosen general strategy and the need to subject its reconstruction process of deconstruction + reconstruction in case of changes or modifications as to this strategy is grounded. The impacts on the creation of value in the Porter’s chain are accepted. The need to identify for each working block of micro factors that affect the financial factors (macro factors that is net and operating profit, investments into fixed and working capital, the cost of companies capital is proved. Such classification allows to determine what types of management actions or motivations for managers of lower level must be selected. It is revealed that in addition to measurable factors-generators on cost to the value chain the indirect (mediated factors have an impact, especially when the management is replaced by objectives and values of enterprise management use. It is proved that the problem of environment and society in the concept of sustainable development, social responsibility, marketing value of 3.0 outlines another group of factors influencing the Porter’s value chain, as evidenced by the current trend of prioritization of human values. It is proved that companies, especially global ones, give the increasing domination of human values in B2B and B2C transactions at the maturity stage in their life cycle in the structure of forced strategic objectives and make adjustments by modifying the cited above vision and mission

  6. Role of Organization Culture on Kuwait’s Construction Industry Management: An Employee Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Abdullah Al-Hashemi

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Many of stakeholders in construction projects make the construction industry prone to disputes. Communication breakdown, frequently, is the first sign of problems, notably in the relationship between the Contractor and the Consultant. Where, the construction industry in Kuwait is increasing due to market needs, large number of private and public construction projects. The high demands in the market have led to a competition in the construction market. Organization culture has become one of the construction strategies plan to enhance organization management performance and productivity. This present work investigated and analysed the role and impact of organization culture on Kuwaiti construction organization management. This paper represents the first research on this area and contributed to explore and identify cultural-chractersitics that play a role on construction management.

  7. Knowledge management maturity: analysis of manager’s perceptions of a large construction company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Henrique Cotta Natale

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: From the application of a Knowledge Management (KM maturity model, an organization may be able to identify KM practices that can be improved and, or deployed. Objective: The purpose is to identify the perception of top managers regarding the maturity of Knowledge Management practices within a large construction company. Methodology: This qualitative and descriptive research was conducted with the top management group (15 executives in two phases: preliminary interview and a semi structured questionnaire (100 questions and 6 levels based upon Strategic Knowledge Management Maturity Model (KRUGER; SNYMAN, 2007b. Results: The organization was classified in the initial stage of knowledge management. The S-KMMM allowed the identification of isolated departmental initiatives and KM processes that can deployed or enhanced. Conclusions: It was observed that the application of KM maturity model has been useful for the managers to recognize that the current KM practices are isolated, intuitive and informal. The application of S-KMMM has proven to be valid to the systematic evaluation and the strategic alignment of KM corporate initiatives.

  8. Water management simulation games and the construction of knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusca, M.; Heun, J.; Schwartz, K.

    2012-08-01

    In recent years, simulations have become an important part of teaching activities. The reasons behind the popularity of simulation games are twofold. On the one hand, emerging theories on how people learn have called for an experienced-based learning approach. On the other hand, the demand for water management professionals has changed. Three important developments are having considerable consequences for water management programmes, which educate and train these professionals. These developments are the increasing emphasis on integration in water management, the characteristics and speed of reforms in the public sector and the shifting state-society relations in many countries. In response to these developments, demand from the labour market is oriented toward water professionals who need to have both a specialist in-depth knowledge in their own field, as well as the ability to understand and interact with other disciplines and interests. In this context, skills in negotiating, consensus building and working in teams are considered essential for all professionals. In this paper, we argue that simulation games have an important role to play in (actively) educating students and training the new generation of water professionals to respond to the above-mentioned challenges. At the same time, simulations are not a panacea for learners and teachers. Challenges of using simulation games include the demands it places on the teacher. Setting up the simulation game, facilitating the delivery and ensuring that learning objectives are achieved require considerable knowledge and experience as well as considerable time-inputs of the teacher. Moreover, simulation games usually incorporate a case-based learning model, which may neglect or underemphasize theories and conceptualizations. For simulations to be effective, they have to be embedded in this larger theoretical and conceptual framework. Simulations, therefore, complement rather than substitute traditional teaching

  9. Water management simulation games and the construction of knowledge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Rusca

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In recent years simulations have become an important part of teaching activities. The reasons behind the popularity of simulation games are twofold. On the one hand, emerging theories on how people learn have called for an experienced-based learning approach. On the other hand, the demand for water management professionals has changed. Three important developments are having considerable consequences for water management programmes, which educate and train these professionals. These developments are the increasing emphasis on integration in water management, the characteristics and speed of reforms in the public sector and the shifting state-society relations in many countries. In response to these developments, demand from the labour market is oriented toward water professionals who need to have both a specialist in-depth knowledge in their own field, as well as the ability to understand and interact with other disciplines and interests. In this context, skills in negotiating, consensus building and working in teams are considered essential for all professionals. In this paper we argue that simulation games have an important role to play in (actively educating students and training the new generation of water professionals to respond to the above-mentioned challenges. At the same time, simulations are not a panacea for learners and teachers. Challenges of using simulations games include the demands it places on the teacher. Setting up the simulation game, facilitating the delivery and ensuring that learning objectives are achieved requires considerable knowledge and experience as well as considerable time-inputs of the teacher. Moreover, simulation games usually incorporate a case-based learning model, which may neglect or underemphasize theories and conceptualization. For simulations to be effective they have to be embedded in this larger theoretical and conceptual framework. Simulations, therefore, complement rather than substitute

  10. Water management simulation games and the construction of knowledge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Rusca

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, simulations have become an important part of teaching activities. The reasons behind the popularity of simulation games are twofold. On the one hand, emerging theories on how people learn have called for an experienced-based learning approach. On the other hand, the demand for water management professionals has changed. Three important developments are having considerable consequences for water management programmes, which educate and train these professionals. These developments are the increasing emphasis on integration in water management, the characteristics and speed of reforms in the public sector and the shifting state-society relations in many countries. In response to these developments, demand from the labour market is oriented toward water professionals who need to have both a specialist in-depth knowledge in their own field, as well as the ability to understand and interact with other disciplines and interests. In this context, skills in negotiating, consensus building and working in teams are considered essential for all professionals. In this paper, we argue that simulation games have an important role to play in (actively educating students and training the new generation of water professionals to respond to the above-mentioned challenges. At the same time, simulations are not a panacea for learners and teachers. Challenges of using simulation games include the demands it places on the teacher. Setting up the simulation game, facilitating the delivery and ensuring that learning objectives are achieved require considerable knowledge and experience as well as considerable time-inputs of the teacher. Moreover, simulation games usually incorporate a case-based learning model, which may neglect or underemphasize theories and conceptualizations. For simulations to be effective, they have to be embedded in this larger theoretical and conceptual framework. Simulations, therefore, complement rather than substitute

  11. Deploying a knowledge management system for well construction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Graham, Stephen; Soffried, Klaus; Sousa, Tadeu V. de; Tatro, Matt [Landmark Graphics, Houston, TX (United States); Rocha, Luiz A. [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2004-07-01

    The overall E and P workforce is rapidly aging since companies have been recruiting fewer and fewer new hires. Should such trends continue, we could lose more than half of our current knowledge workers over the next five to seven years as J. W. Gibson pointed out in his article in World Energy. One obvious remedy is to start recruiting more staff, but as older people retire and younger people enter the company, the workforce will become increasingly dominated by inexperienced professionals. Without implementation of an effective knowledge management system, the industry will likely incur costly mistakes in the future. This paper will highlight an advanced software-based solution being designed to successfully offset this continuous drain of intellectual capital to achieve 'Excellence in Drilling'. The solutions concept includes the deployment of an advanced, user-friendly workflow management system within a web-based portal environment to support both well planning and operations. The system provides capabilities for remote access to databases, data input forms, software applications, best practices, lessons learned, technical references, and experts, all within the context of user configurable workflow maps. The integrated system will enable asset teams to work more effectively together and become 'learning organizations' by taking full advantage of the knowledge gained on previous wells during the design of new wells. (author)

  12. CONCEPTUAL BASE OF THE SITUATION MANAGEMENT BY WORK BUILDING PROJECT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. M. Gasanova

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available They are offered conceptual bases of the shaping the situation management by process to realization of the working the building project. The main indicators of the structured description of works of the construction project are specified. The designed methods of work execution management on result and time to their realization. 

  13. Performance and competence in usage-based construction grammar

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Kim Ebensgaard

    2014-01-01

    of a section of the Corpus of Contemporary American English. The present study takes into account empirically observed internal and external patterns of usage in the description of this linguistic phenomenon, providing a usage-based constructional overview of the competence pertaining to this construction....... The purpose of the present study is thus two-fold, aiming to provide a communicatively plausible account of this particular phenomenon and to show that, indeed, no satisfactory description of the construction which ignores performance-based data would be possible, as the construction itself is very much...

  14. Study on the construction and operation for management system of municipal domestic wastes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Wei; Wang Shuqiang; Chen Jingxin

    2006-01-01

    In recent years, the quantity of our country's municipal domestic wastes increase rapidly, but the waste disposal still has problems, such as the simple way of processing, wasting the resources, the serious environmental pollution and so on. By holding waste minimization as the center, the developed countries have formed perfect waste management system. Based on analyzing the status quo and problems of processing in our country, on the principle of benefit, scale,waste minimization, reclamation and hazard-free treatment, according to the recycling model of processing, the article has constructed our country's domestic wastes management system, proposed the measures of promoting the operation of system. It has realized the transformation of waste management system from terminal disposal to source reduction,achieved the goals, including domestic wastes categorizing and reclaiming, industrialization and non-pollution processing,and finally brought sustainable development for resources, environment, economy and society.

  15. 基于模糊综合评价法的PPP模式风险管理模型构建%The Construction of PPP Risk Management Model Based on the Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦腾; 何叶荣; 白林

    2016-01-01

    In the use of PPP model for the proj ect investment,it is necessary to give full attention to the risks in the process of PPP proj ect.In this paper,the authors classify the potential risk factors in PPP proj ects into two levels of indicators.The first-level indicators include political risks,construction risks,interest risks,legal and contract risks,and management risks and the second-level indicators embrace interest risks,deficient legal and regulatory systems and 1 5 oth-ers.The authors quantify the PPP risk factors with the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method, construct the model of risk management function,and determine the risk level to strengthen the management of the PPP risks.%在运用PPP 模式进行项目投资时,需对PPP 项目进程中的各种风险给予充分重视。文章将潜在性质的PPP项目风险因素分为一级指标和二级指标,一级指标包括政治风险、建设风险、利率风险、法律与合同风险、经营风险5项指标;二级指标包括利率风险、法律及监管体系不完善等17项指标,通过模糊综合评价法对PPP模式的风险因子进行量化,从而构建风险管理功能模型,最后确定风险等级,以加强对PPP模式风险的管理。

  16. 基于科学发展观的建筑安全风险管理体系%Risk Management System of Construction Safety Based on Scientific Development Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦基胜

    2015-01-01

    Since the 21st century,the real estate market in China has rapidly developed, The scale of construction of infrastructure is lager and lager, the construction safety is more and more outstanding. With the present of scientific development perspective, the idea of people oriented enjoys popular support, construction safety is referred to the unprecedented height. But in the actual course of construction, safety accidents still occur from time to time, security hidden dangers are everywhere. Those seriously threaten the life and property security. In this situation, it has extremely far-reaching significance to build risk management system with scientific development perspective of construction safety to control the construction safety risk by the all-round and multi-angle and form a long-term mechanism to assure the safety of life and property.%二十一世纪以来,我国房地产市场快速发展,基础设施建设规模也不断扩大,建筑安全问题越来越突出。随着科学发展观的提出,以人为本的理念更加深入人心,建筑安全提到了前所未有的高度。然而,在现实建筑施工过程中,安全事故仍然时有发生,安全隐患无处不在,严重威胁着生命财产安全。在这种情况下,建立基于科学发展观的建筑安全风险管理模式,全方位、多角度控制建筑安全风险,形成保证生命财产安全的长效机制,具有极其深远的意义。

  17. Research on the Construction of Science and Technology Information Management System Based on ASP.NET%基于ASP.NET的科技信息管理系统构建研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方辉; 刘开强

    2016-01-01

    In order to realize the informatization of scientific research management and resource sharing, the construction of sci-ence and technology information management system is designed touse B/S patternand ASP. NETthree-tier architectureas the ba-sic framework.It is developed inVisual Studio 2010 by C# language, and combined with many web technologies (such as SQLServer 2008 online research databases, DIV+CSS page layout, PageOffice etc.).The functionof projects application, assess-ment, management and users management,notification, automatic reportingis realized in the system.This system has been ap-plied in scientific research project management, and the results show that the system issuitable、safe and stable.%为实现科研管理信息化和信息资源共享,系统采用B/S模式,以ASP.NET三层架构作为基础,在Visual Studio 2010开发平台下使用C#语言开发,综合利用.NET Framework 4.0框架、SQL Server 2008数据库、DIV+CSS页面布局、PageOffice等WEB技术来设计科技信息管理系统。实现科研项目申报、评审、管理以及用户管理、通知、自动报表等功能的集成。该系统已应用于科研项目管理工作,实践证明该系统功能贴合实际,运行安全稳定。

  18. 基于云计算的教学资源管理系统的构建研究%Construction of teaching resources management system based on cloud computing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄瑞; 刘剑桥

    2014-01-01

    基于云计算的教学资源管理是未来教学资源管理的发展方向。文章从云计算、系统功能模块、系统基本结构、系统编程模式和系统计算模式等方面对教学资源管理系统进行构建研究,为建设基于云计算的教学资源管理系统提供技术支持。%Teaching resources management based on cloud computing is the direction of development of teaching resources management in the future. In this paper, the cloud computing, function modules, basic architecture, programming model and com-puting model of system are studied, and it provides technical support for building teaching resources management system based on cloud computing.

  19. The HSE Management Standards Indicator Tool: concurrent and construct validity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcatto, F; Colautti, L; Larese Filon, F; Luis, O; Ferrante, D

    2014-07-01

    The Health & Safety Executive Management Standards Indicator Tool (HSE-MS IT) is a questionnaire commonly used to assess work-related stress risks at an organizational level. A critical factor in determining whether this instrument is actually useful is that higher levels of stress risk in the work-design domains should predict higher levels of stress and stress-related outcomes in workers. Only a few studies, however, have addressed this issue. To test both the concurrent and construct validity of the HSE-MS IT, by relating it with another widely used instrument, the Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ), and by examining its relationships with a set of work-related stress outcomes. An anonymous cross-sectional questionnaire was administered to a sample of employees in an Italian municipality. The questionnaire included the HSE-MS IT, self-reported measures of job satisfaction, job motivation and stress at work, the Satisfaction with Life Scale and the reduced form of the JCQ. A total of 760 out of 779 employees completed the questionnaire. Results showed moderate to strong correlation among the corresponding HSE-MS IT and JCQ scales. Hierarchical regression highlighted the specific contribution of each of the HSE-MS IT scales in predicting three relevant work-related stress outcomes (self-reported stress, job satisfaction and job motivation), after controlling for gender, age and life satisfaction. Our findings consolidated the HSE-MS IT validity and showed the specific sensitivity of its scales to assess different aspects of work-related distress, including self-perception of stress at work. These results can have practical implications for the occupational well-being of employees. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society of Occupational Medicine. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  20. Construction of military aviation audiovisual information system based on media assets management%基于媒体资产管理的军事航空医学声像信息系统建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶佳波; 张霞; 王志翔; 于丽; 贺青; 陈炎琰

    2015-01-01

    针对传统航空医学声像资料管理方式单一落后的实际情况,通过采用功能强大、性能先进的现代媒体资产管理技术,全面整合空军航空医学研究各类声像数据资源,构建了规模较大、资料丰富、检索高效、运行安全的军事航空医学声像信息管理系统。该系统实现了声像信息管理科学化、规范化、数字化和网络化,进一步提升了声像服务整体实力和保障效能。%A military aviation audiovisual information system was constructed using the recent media assets manage-ment technologies according to the audiovisual data in our institute since its establishment,which will realize the scien-tific,standard,digital and network management of audiovisual information,and further improve the audiovisual service.

  1. Construction management research at the interface of design and explanatory science

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voordijk, Johannes T.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to characterize construction management research at the interface of explanatory science and design science. Design/methodology/approach – The dual nature of construction management research is analyzed by relating this field of research to natural science, des

  2. Construction management research at the interface of design and explanatory science

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voordijk, Johannes T.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to characterize construction management research at the interface of explanatory science and design science. Design/methodology/approach – The dual nature of construction management research is analyzed by relating this field of research to natural science,

  3. Construction management research at the interface of design and explanatory science

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voordijk, Hans

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to characterize construction management research at the interface of explanatory science and design science. Design/methodology/approach – The dual nature of construction management research is analyzed by relating this field of research to natural science, d

  4. MATES in Construction: Impact of a Multimodal, Community-Based Program for Suicide Prevention in the Construction Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gullestrup, Jorgen; Lequertier, Belinda; Martin, Graham

    2011-01-01

    A large-scale workplace-based suicide prevention and early intervention program was delivered to over 9,000 construction workers on building sites across Queensland. Intervention components included universal General Awareness Training (GAT; general mental health with a focus on suicide prevention); gatekeeper training provided to construction worker volunteer ‘Connectors’; Suicide First Aid (ASIST) training offered to key workers; outreach support provided by trained and supervised MIC staff; state-wide suicide prevention hotline; case management service; and postvention support provided in the event of a suicide. Findings from over 7,000 workers (April 2008 to November 2010) are reported, indicating strong construction industry support, with 67% building sites and employers approached agreeing to participate in MIC. GAT participants demonstrated significantly increased suicide prevention awareness compared with a comparison group. Connector training participants rated MIC as helpful and effective, felt prepared to intervene with a suicidal person, and knew where to seek help for a suicidal individual following the training. Workers engaged positively with the after-hours crisis support phone line and case management. MIC provided postvention support to 10 non-MIC sites and sites engaged with MIC, but not yet MIC-compliant. Current findings support the potential effectiveness and social validity of MIC for preventing suicide in construction workers. PMID:22163201

  5. MATES in Construction: Impact of a Multimodal, Community-Based Program for Suicide Prevention in the Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graham Martin

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available A large-scale workplace-based suicide prevention and early intervention program was delivered to over 9,000 construction workers on building sites across Queensland. Intervention components included universal General Awareness Training (GAT; general mental health with a focus on suicide prevention; gatekeeper training provided to construction worker volunteer ‘Connectors’; Suicide First Aid (ASIST training offered to key workers; outreach support provided by trained and supervised MIC staff; state-wide suicide prevention hotline; case management service; and postvention support provided in the event of a suicide. Findings from over 7,000 workers (April 2008 to November 2010 are reported, indicating strong construction industry support, with 67% building sites and employers approached agreeing to participate in MIC. GAT participants demonstrated significantly increased suicide prevention awareness compared with a comparison group. Connector training participants rated MIC as helpful and effective, felt prepared to intervene with a suicidal person, and knew where to seek help for a suicidal individual following the training. Workers engaged positively with the after-hours crisis support phone line and case management. MIC provided postvention support to 10 non-MIC sites and sites engaged with MIC, but not yet MIC-compliant. Current findings support the potential effectiveness and social validity of MIC for preventing suicide in construction workers.

  6. Recruitment and Transition of Construction Lecturers in Further Education: The Perspective of Middle Managers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Page, Damien

    2013-01-01

    This article presents findings from a study of 14 heads of construction in further education colleges in England as they manage the transition of new construction lecturers from a culture of hypermasculinity to one of emotional labour and caring. It focuses firstly on the dilemmas faced by heads of construction at the recruitment stage before…

  7. 基于时空纬度的工程知识管理体系框架的构建%On the Construction of Knowledge Management System of Engineering Project Based on the Space—Time Dimension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张东艳; 龙子泉; 苏立彬

    2015-01-01

    构建工程知识管理体系,是提升工程项目知识管理水平的有效手段和基本方法.从知识管理的本质出发,发现工程项目过程中存在知识流失严重、知识增值空间大、知识运用存在壁垒及不重视各参与者成员之间的交流等问题,为了解决这些问题,以时间维度和空间维度新的视角探寻工程项目的知识来源.将知识管理的一般原理、思想与工程项目相结合,以知识螺旋过程为核心,通过工程项目知识门户整合来源于时空维度的知识,融入组织文化、组织制度、组织结构等要素构建工程知识管理体系框架,促进工程项目组织对其知识管理的宏观把控,并依据建立体系的对策在框架范围内寻找自身薄弱点,为后续管理决策提供参照.%Constructing the engineering knowledge management system is an effective and primary method to enhance the level of knowledge management of engineering projects. From the essence of the knowledge management,we found some problems existing in the process of engineering projects,including the serious knowledge erosion,the significant growth room of knowledge,the barriers of knowledge use,the ignoration of the communication between the participants and so on. To solve these problems,this article explored the source of the engineering project knowledge from temporal and spatial dimension. Combining the general principle and ideas of knowledge management with engineering projects and regarding the knowledge spiral process as the core,this article integrated the knowledge from the two dimensions using the project knowledge portal,and built the engineering knowledge management system with factors such as corporate culture,corporate system and corporate structure. This system can help the engineering project organizations control the knowledge management,find their weakness and provide reference for the future management decision-making.

  8. The Management of Park Equipment and Machinery Used in the Construction Industry and Housing Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khayrullin Rustam

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The mathematical model was created, applicable to elaboration of options of development of a park of equipment and machinery used in construction industry, housing and utility management. The model based on solving the linear programming problem by means of simplex method. The mathematical model allows develop the rational plans and quasi optimal plans. The model is based on the created in the article the financial management algorithms of procurement and of repairs of equipment and machinery. The algorithms allow to take into account joint consideration of indicators of modernity and operability of equipment and machinery. The basic model is developed. The model is included into the automated planning system. It is used for planning and preparation of proposals of draft policy documents for development of park devices, equipment and machinery.

  9. New Biodegradable Peptide-based Polymer Constructs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Dijk, M.

    2009-01-01

    Peptide-based polymers are of increasing interest, since they can be applied for a variety of purposes such as drug delivery devices, scaffolds for tissue engineering and -repair, and as novel biomaterials. Peptide-based polymers are common in nature and often exhibit special characteristics.

  10. New Biodegradable Peptide-based Polymer Constructs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Dijk, M.

    2009-01-01

    Peptide-based polymers are of increasing interest, since they can be applied for a variety of purposes such as drug delivery devices, scaffolds for tissue engineering and -repair, and as novel biomaterials. Peptide-based polymers are common in nature and often exhibit special characteristics. Howeve

  11. New Biodegradable Peptide-based Polymer Constructs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Dijk, M.

    2009-01-01

    Peptide-based polymers are of increasing interest, since they can be applied for a variety of purposes such as drug delivery devices, scaffolds for tissue engineering and -repair, and as novel biomaterials. Peptide-based polymers are common in nature and often exhibit special characteristics. Howeve

  12. Loyalty-based management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reichheld, F F

    1993-01-01

    Despite a flurry of activities aimed at serving customers better, few companies have systematically revamped their operations with customer loyalty in mind. Instead, most have adopted improvement programs ad hoc, and paybacks haven't materialized. Building a highly loyal customer base must be integral to a company's basic business strategy. Loyalty leaders like MBNA credit cards are successful because they have designed their entire business systems around customer loyalty--a self-reinforcing system in which the company delivers superior value consistently and reinvents cash flows to find and keep high-quality customers and employees. The economic benefits of high customer loyalty are measurable. When a company consistently delivers superior value and wins customer loyalty, market share and revenues go up, and the cost of acquiring new customers goes down. The better economics mean the company can pay workers better, which sets off a whole chain of events. Increased pay boosts employee moral and commitment; as employees stay longer, their productivity goes up and training costs fall; employees' overall job satisfaction, combined with their experience, helps them serve customers better; and customers are then more inclined to stay loyal to the company. Finally, as the best customers and employees become part of the loyalty-based system, competitors are left to survive with less desirable customers and less talented employees. To compete on loyalty, a company must understand the relationships between customer retention and the other parts of the business--and be able to quantify the linkages between loyalty and profits. It involves rethinking and aligning four important aspects of the business: customers, product/service offering, employees, and measurement systems.

  13. MANAGING RISK FOR SUCCESS IN A SOUTH AFRICAN ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION PROJECT ENVIRONMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Chihuri

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The role that project risk management plays in ensuring the successful delivery of engineering and construction projects in South Africa is addressed in this paper. A survey questionnaire was developed to establish approaches used for risk management, and tools and techniques for risk identification. The findings revealed that project risk management had a significant role to play in the success of projects in South Africa. Respondents whose organisations practised structured risk management processes reported success in their projects. The main challenge was found to be in the implementation of risk management tools and techniques. Thus it became apparent that widespread adoption of project risk management in South Africa seemed to be impeded by a low knowledge and skills base, especially in terms of its application.

    AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Die rol wat projekrisikobestuur in die suksesvolle aflewering van ingenieurs- en konstruksieprojekte in Suid-Afrika speel word hier aangespreek.’n Vraelys is ontwikkel om benaderings tot risikobestuur asook toerusting en tegnieke vir risikoidentifisering te ondersoek. Die belangrikste bevinding is dat risikobestuur ’n belangrike rol speel in die sukses van projekte in Suid-Afrika. Die implementering van risikobestuurtoerusting en - tegnieke is aangedui as een van die grootste uitdagings wat oorkom moet word. Dit blyk dat die algemene aanvaarding van projekrisikobestuur in die Suid-Afrikaanse konteks bemoeilik word deur lae vlakke van kennis en vaardigheid.

  14. The effectiveness of construction waste management and its relationship with project performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osman, Nur Najihah; Nawi, Mohd Nasrun Mohd; Osman, Wan Nadzri

    2016-08-01

    The construction industry is one of the contributor toward sustainability of a country's economy. However, there are some issues that need to be faced in this industry that are including construction waste management resulting from the development activities. This issue become more serious when the industrial stakeholders especially in developing countries have lack of awareness in construction waste management practices. Some of industry stakeholders do not realize that proper waste management will increase the project performance. Therefore, waste management practices among industry stakeholders need to be improved towards better environmental quality.

  15. Factors and values of willingness to pay for improved construction waste management--a perspective of Malaysian contractors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Begum, Rawshan Ara; Siwar, Chamhuri; Pereira, Joy Jacqueline; Jaafar, Abdul Hamid

    2007-01-01

    Malaysia is facing an increase in the generation of waste and of accompanying problems with the disposal of this waste. In the last two decades, extensive building and infrastructure development projects have led to an increase in the generation of construction waste material. The construction industry has a substantial impact on the environment, and its environmental effects are in direct relation to the quality and quantity of the waste it generates. This paper discusses general characteristics of the construction contractors, the contractors' willingness to pay (WTP) for improved construction waste management, determining factors which affect the amount of their willingness to pay, and suggestions and policy implications in the perspective of construction waste management in Malaysia. The data in this study is based on contractors registered with the construction industry development board (CIDB) of Malaysia. Employing the open ended contingent valuation method, the study assessed the contractors' average maximum WTP for improved construction waste management to be RM69.88 (1US$=3.6 RM) per tonne of waste. The result shows that the average maximum WTP is higher for large contractors than for medium and small contractors. The highest average maximum WTP value is RM88.00 for Group A (large contractors) RM78.25 for Group B (medium-size contractors) and RM55.80 for Group C (small contractors). One of the contributions of this study is to highlight the difference of CIDB registration grade in the WTP for improved construction waste management. It is found that contractors' WTP for improved waste collection and disposal services increases with the increase in contractors' current paid up capital. The identified factors and determinants of the WTP will assist the formulation of appropriate policies in addressing the construction waste problem in Malaysia and indirectly improve the quality of construction in the country.

  16. Design and Construction Documents Associated with N232, Sustainability Base

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zornetzer, Steven F.; Schuler, Raymond F.; Grymes, Rosalind A.

    2014-01-01

    This request comprehensively covers documents associated with the design and construction of Sustainability Base, N232. The intent of this project specifically envisioned broad dissemination of these materials to others undertaking the design and construction of high-performing energy- and resource-efficient buildings in comparable climate zones.

  17. Teaching Construction: A Design-Based Course Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Love, Tyler S.; Salgado, Carlos A.

    2016-01-01

    The focus on construction in T&E education has drastically changed. This article presents a series of topics and design-based labs that can be taught at various grade levels to integrate STEM concepts while also increasing students' overall awareness of construction and structural technologies.

  18. Construction of Bell inequalities based on the CHSH structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Binbin; Wang, Jing; Li, Ming; Shen, Shuqian; Chen, Dongmeng

    2017-04-01

    It is a computationally hard task to find all Bell inequalities for a given number of parties, measurement settings, and measurement outcomes. We investigate the construction of the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt Bell inequalities, based on which we present a set of new Bell inequalities. The maximal violations of the constructed Bell inequalities are analysed, and computable formulas are derived.

  19. Performance and competence in usage-based construction grammar

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Kim Ebensgaard

    2014-01-01

    of a section of the Corpus of Contemporary American English. The present study takes into account empirically observed internal and external patterns of usage in the description of this linguistic phenomenon, providing a usage-based constructional overview of the competence pertaining to this construction...... defined by external properties such as specific genre and register affiliations and a quite specific communicative function....

  20. Improving NAVFAC's total quality management of construction drawings with CLIPS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antelman, Albert

    1991-01-01

    A diagnostic expert system to improve the quality of Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC) construction drawings and specification is described. C Language Integrated Production System (CLIPS) and computer aided design layering standards are used in an expert system to check and coordinate construction drawings and specifications to eliminate errors and omissions.

  1. A social capital perspective to innovation management in construction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vlies, R.D. van der; Maas, G.J.

    2009-01-01

    State-of-the-art products commonly outperform construction products that are used in day to day building practice. Also construction products appear to have a diffusion curve that differs from consumer products, slower at first, more rapid later. The social capital theory helps us to understand why

  2. A social capital perspective to innovation management in construction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vlies, R.D. van der; Maas, G.J.

    2009-01-01

    State-of-the-art products commonly outperform construction products that are used in day to day building practice. Also construction products appear to have a diffusion curve that differs from consumer products, slower at first, more rapid later. The social capital theory helps us to understand why

  3. Risk management in public sector construction projects: Case ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    (PM), which entails risk management (RM) as one of its essential knowledge .... as environmental, technical, scheduling, contractual, financial, and management ..... use of accredited institutions could be an immediate means of improving the ...

  4. Technology management in construction: Lessons for the practice of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. The relevance of managing technology to architectural practices in South .... lead times, lack of continuity in the supply chain, overprocessing, rework ..... Business e-Coach. 2003. Guidelines on technology management for. SMEs.

  5. Synergetic scenarios of social and economic development of Russiaand construction management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fokina Zoya Titovna

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The author examined the variations of Russia’s social and economic development in the following years оn the basis of synergetic scenarios application method. The first scenario is related to the transformation of Russia into raw material resource base and а source of low-cost lаbоur force for the advanced nations of West and East, the loss of the country›s intellectual and cultural potential. The orientation towards innovative, scientific and technical development in the context of modern, post-industrial, information age is associated with the other scenario of social and economic development of Russia. The analysis of the successful experience of scientific and technical development of the USA and the USSR economies as а whole, and of the construction industry as оnе of the important economy directions, is а substantiation for the necessity of new industrialization in Russia, in the context of market and information age. The author advances а statement that Russia in 21st century needs to repeat the positive experience of industrialization and accelerated scientific and technical development of the Soviet Union. The problems facing Russia аrе construction of innovative industrial projects that meet the requirements of the world standards, implementation of largescale national programs, advancement towards the information society. The article emphasizes а thesis about the necessity to manage modern social and economic processes. It focuses the attention of scientists and expert managers оn I. Ansoff’s new management paradigm. The article pays special attention to the matters of modeling the changes in the construction industry complex of Russia, which is one of the most important branches of economy. Two alternative scenarios of the most general changes in construction industry аrе given in it.

  6. Gestalteconomy: The economic bases of knowledge management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maisseu, A. [WONUC, 49, rue Lauriston, 75116 Paris (France)]. E-mail: andre.maisseu@wanadoo.fr

    2006-07-01

    Conventional economic analyses are based on dogmas that are frequently out of phase with reality. It is thus very difficult to introduce technology, technological innovation and technical progress correctly into all the theoretical constructions derived from the application of these principles. The same applies to the consideration of pollution and the depletion of natural resources. These difficult problems, which bedevil the definition of a sustainable development, find no satisfactory answer in these theoretical considerations. The consideration of Gestalteconomy helps to resolve these difficulties, in opening the door to the entrepreneurial practical management of knowledge. (author)

  7. 4D Applications of GIS in Construction Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Chaitanya Kumar

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Construction industries broadly involve different set of construction activities which are to be executed as per schedule and the major software used for scheduling is PRIMAVERA and Microsoft Project (MSP. But the software still lacks a feature of providing spatial aspects of information in construction schedule. Recently, advanced technology like 4D GIS plays a major role in overcoming the limitation of the software. 4D GIS technology includes integration of 2D drawings from AutoCAD and schedules prepared in PRIMAVERA software. In the present study, a multistair residential building has been selected. ARCMAP 10.2 is used for interlinking of schedules as well as drawings and ARCSCENE has been used for developing 4D view. This linkage between scheduled activities and respective drawings in GIS helps in identifying construction sequences and also in detecting logical errors that occur in project schedules. The developed 4D view provides better visualization of construction progress of a project.

  8. 基于知识管理的图书馆知识创新平台的构建%The Construction of Library Knowledge Innovation Platform Based on Knowledge Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余晓华

    2012-01-01

    阐述图书馆知识管理与知识创新的内涵,从人力、技术、知识、信息、制度、环境等方面分析图书馆知识创新平台构建的可行性,构建包含动力系统、支撑系统、运作系统三个子系统的图书馆知识创新平台,为图书馆与外部知识主体的知识协作创新提供新的思路与方法。%This paper defines the connotation of library knowledge management and knowledge innovation,analyzes the feasibility of the construction of library knowledge innovation platform in terms of manpower,skills,knowledge,information,systems,environment aspects,constructs library knowledge innovation platform which contains power systems,support systems and operation systems,in order to provide the new ideas and methods for the innovation of knowledge collaboration of library with external knowledge entities.

  9. End-to-end requirements management for multiprojects in the construction industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wörösch, Michael

    The research described in this PhD thesis focuses on the phenomenon that formalized requirements management, as many studies have shown, has yet to find its way into the construction industry, even though it is effectively used in other fields e.g. software development and the aerospace and defence...... structure is aimed at covering the entire life cycle of a building by considering future events. However, the developed requirements structure is not enough for managing requirements. Therefore an intensive literature study on requirements management in general and in particular requirements management...... industries. The research gives at the same time managers of construction projects a tool with which to manage their requirements end-to-end. In order to investigate how construction companies handle requirements, a case project – a Danish construction syndicate producing sandwich elements made from High...

  10. 基于安全链的大型石化项目施工管理组织设计%Organization Design of Construction Management in Large-scale Petrochemical Projects Based on Safety Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雍瑞生; 丁烈云; 骆汉宾; 盛苗

    2011-01-01

    有效的HSE管理是石化企业持续改进,不断获得竞争优势的基础,其中安全管理对石化企业的长期运行尤为重要.影响安全管理的因素包括安全文化、组织结构、危险源辨识、风险评价和应急管理.在分析宁夏石化现有组织结构在安全管理中存在的问题后,基于安全链模型设计出某大型炼油改造项目组织结构的设计目标、思路与保证措施等的一系列改进措施.%Effective HSE management can make petrochemical enterprises improved constantly and gain a competitive advantage, in which safety management is very important to long-term operation. There are many factors affecting safety management such as safety culture, organizational structure, the hazard identification, risk assessment and emergency management. After analyzing the safety management problems in existing organizational structure for Ningxia Petrochemical Company, the organizational structure goal, ideals and ensuring methods for an oil refining project is designed based on safety chain model.

  11. Explore the Construction Management Methods%建筑管理方法探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阮天理

    2014-01-01

    在全球经济逐步迈向一体化的进程中,中国建筑市场也正经受着来自世界经济环境的巨大挑战。文章立足于当前建筑施工企业在常规业务经营与创新、企业监督与管理等,提出了一系列的改进方法与措施方案。%In the process of global economy gradual y moving towards integration, Chinese construction market is experien-cing great chal enge from the world economic environment. The article bases on the current construction enterprises in the regular business operation and innovation, enterprise supervi-sion and management, etc. to put forward a series of improve-ment methods and measures.

  12. Urinary lithiasis in civil construction workers as a management indicator for health and improvement in personnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Ribeiro Nogueira Ferraz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Empirical information provided by health care professionals acting in the first line of care report a constant increase in the number of civil construction workers that present painful acute conditions, in most cases associated with the existence of urinary tract calculi. Aims: Evaluating the prevalence of urinary lithiasis in civil construction workers, as a means to identify indicators for the management of health and personnel. Methods: Observational study based on directed questionnaire. Results: From the 94 participants, 18 (19% were lithiasic, mostly due to overweight and reduced fluid intake. Conclusion: The observed prevalence appeared to be two times greater than that of the general population. Thus, prevention for such condition gains relevance, in order to avoid discomfort for the worker, and also reduce costs due to absenteeism, improving productivity, benefiting the workers by performance and creating the perspective of an improved quality of life.

  13. 基于敏捷供应链管理的上海国际贸易中心建设%On Construction of Shanghai International Trade Center Based on Agile Supply Chain Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙浩

    2014-01-01

    国际贸易中心是全球贸易供应链网络中重要的枢纽点。从供应链管理的角度看,建设具有全球资源配置能力的上海国际贸易中心必须加强其供应链敏捷力建设。论文在分析企业敏捷供应链的含义与特点的基础上,剖析了上海国际贸易中心敏捷供应链的内涵,并结合上海国际贸易中心建设“十二五”发展规划,从构造制造型企业敏捷供应链,具有敏捷性的物流、贸易服务商、政府管理服务系统四个方面分别进行阐述,最后强调了构建一个统一的敏捷的电子信息平台系统应该具备的基本功能。%The international trade center is a crucial hub in the global trade supply chain network.In order to build Shanghai into an international trade center with global resource al-location ability,it is vital to enhance the supply chain agility in the trade network.This paper analyzes the connotation of agile supply chain of Shanghai International Trade Center,and e-laborates the ideas on how to construct the international trade center with agile supply chain from four aspects,i.e.,the construction of agile supply chain of manufacturing enterprises, the construction of agile logistics service system,trade service system and government man-agement system.Finally,this paper emphasizes the necessity of building a unified electronic information platform for agile supply chain management of Shanghai International Trade Cen-ter,and the basic functions of this unified electronic information platform.

  14. Management of Financing the Energy Saving in Terms of Construction Enterprises: International Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klimchuk Marina N.

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The article is aimed at studying the experience of financing the energy saving projects by leading countries of the world from the perspective of adapting the contemporary management-regulatory conditions of technology in terms of enterprises of the construction complex of Ukraine. On the basis of a content analysis of the existing practices of implementation of energy saving and enhancing energy efficiency, the following classification has been suggested: depending on the institutional socio-economic and environmental development, in accordance with the course of sustainable development, depending on the structure of economic system, depending on both time interval and subsectoral characteristic. Based on a scientific approach to the five levels in the structure of economic systems, barriers and recommendations for their prevention in the management of energy saving in construction at each of these levels have been identified. The article proposes strategic priorities of the State policy of energy saving in the construction industry, in particular holding of energy audits and energy performance certification of buildings, increasing the share of renewable energy sources in the energy balance of country; implementation of contemporary concepts of energy saving ("Green Lease", "Passive House", "Triple Zero"; establishing consulting-information centers for promoting energy saving measures.

  15. Design and Implementation of Real Estate Construction Visualization Management System Based on B/S%基于B/S的房地产建设可视化管理系统设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶海山

    2011-01-01

    以房地产建设管理系统的特点为基础论述可视化管理系统的优点.提出利用Internet、GIS和三维计算机图形学等技术构建基于B/S的房地产项目三维可视化管理系统的思想,重点介绍系统设计和系统实现的关键技术.该系统采用Vjsual Stud10来实现各功能模块,以直观的形式动态显示工程进展状态.%This paper discusses the advantages of visualization management system from the characteristics of the real estate construction management system, and proposes the ideas of the use of Internet, GIS and 3D computer graphics to build a real estate project 3

  16. The practice of project construction and management of Three Gorges ship-lock%The practice of project construction and management of Three Gorges ship-lock

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fan Qixiang; Yang Zongli; Liu Gang

    2011-01-01

    The double-line five-step ship-lock of Three Gorges Project (TGP) is an extra-large navigation structure with the maximum design total head and single-step delivery head in the world and complicated technical problems. The ship- lock is a challenging and world-class project integrating the advanced techniques and equipment, the up-to-date technol- ogies and materials, as well as the advanced project management. Through 17-year construction and 9-year operation of the ship-lock, various difficulties in design, construction, equipment manufacturing and installation as well as system debugging have been overcome effectively. The project management ideas, management system, management methods, technological innovation and team building are summarized according to the management practice of the second stage main work of Three Gorges ship-lock.

  17. Model Construct Based Enterprise Model Architecture and Its Modeling Approach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    In order to support enterprise integration, a kind of model construct based enterprise model architecture and its modeling approach are studied in this paper. First, the structural makeup and internal relationships of enterprise model architecture are discussed. Then, the concept of reusable model construct (MC) which belongs to the control view and can help to derive other views is proposed. The modeling approach based on model construct consists of three steps, reference model architecture synthesis, enterprise model customization, system design and implementation. According to MC based modeling approach a case study with the background of one-kind-product machinery manufacturing enterprises is illustrated. It is shown that proposal model construct based enterprise model architecture and modeling approach are practical and efficient.

  18. The Construction of Government Performance Management Discipline System Based on Public Value%基于公共价值的政府绩效管理学科体系构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    包国宪; 文宏; 王学军

    2012-01-01

    政府绩效管理作为公共管理领域的研究热点,在国内外政府管理中受到广泛关注,日益成为公共管理领域改革的重要组成部分。政府绩效管理的学科体系伴随着政府绩效管理研究和实践已经开始初步呈现,但缺乏一个统一的话语体系。在基于价值的政府绩效管理理论基础上,本文从学科属性与总体框架、核心议题与理论模型、基础内容与研究层次、理论基础与研究方法以及与相近学科的关系等方面研究和构建了政府绩效管理的学科体系,并提出了政府绩效管理学科发展的未来趋势。%As the research focus in the field of public management, government performance management attracted widespread attention in domestic and foreign government management, and has become an important part of the public management reformation. The discipline system of government performance management has been initially presenting. The paper starts with the rise and development of public value theory, analyzes the forming process of government performance management discipline sys- tem which based on public value and the public value demand of government performance evaluation from practice. The pa- per also clarifies the discipline and overall framework, the core issues and theoretical model, the basic contents and research level, the basic theory and research method, and the relations with interdisciplinary of the current government performance management discipline system. And based on this, it interprets the development trend of government performance manage- ment discipline system in the future.

  19. Comparative environmental evaluation of construction waste management through different waste sorting systems in Hong Kong.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossain, Md Uzzal; Wu, Zezhou; Poon, Chi Sun

    2017-08-03

    This study aimed to compare the environmental performance of building construction waste management (CWM) systems in Hong Kong. Life cycle assessment (LCA) approach was applied to evaluate the performance of CWM systems holistically based on primary data collected from two real building construction sites and secondary data obtained from the literature. Different waste recovery rates were applied based on compositions and material flow to assess the influence on the environmental performance of CWM systems. The system boundary includes all stages of the life cycle of building construction waste (including transportation, sorting, public fill or landfill disposal, recovery and reuse, and transformation and valorization into secondary products). A substitutional LCA approach was applied for capturing the environmental gains due to the utilizations of recovered materials. The results showed that the CWM system by using off-site sorting and direct landfilling resulted in significant environmental impacts. However, a considerable net environmental benefit was observed through an on-site sorting system. For example, about 18-30kg CO2 eq. greenhouse gases (GHGs) emission were induced for managing 1 t of construction waste through off-site sorting and direct landfilling, whereas significant GHGs emission could be potentially avoided (considered as a credit -126 to -182kg CO2 eq.) for an on-site sorting system due to the higher recycling potential. Although the environmental benefits mainly depend on the waste compositions and their sortability, the analysis conducted in this study can serve as guidelines to design an effective and resource-efficient building CWM system. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Analysis on construction project cost management%施工项目成本管理分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严世杰

    2009-01-01

    The composition of construction project cost is introduced. Based upon analysis of the present cost management situations in construction enterprises in our couontry and questions existed practical measures for cost control and management are proposed, in order to realize effective control of construction project cost to increase the economic benefits and competitive power for construction enterprises.%介绍了施工项目的成本组成,分析了我国施工企业成本管理的现状以及存在的问题,提出了加强成本控制管理的措施,以使施工项目成本得到有效控制,提高施工企业的经济效益和企业竞争力.

  1. Study on Building Lifecycle Information Management Platform Based on BIM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang-Jian Ping

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Building Information Modeling (BIM and building lifecycle management (BLM, proposed for the realization of building lifecycle information exchange and sharing, play a crucial role in the research and development fields of construction information integration and interoperability. This study, from an information technology point of view, based on BLM and BIM technology and Industry Foundation Classes (IFC standard, proposes the concept, frame and realization method of Building Lifecycle Management Platform (BLMP. This BLMP presents a practical and effective way to realize information creating, exchange, sharing and integration management of all participants of the construction project.

  2. Assisting School Management Teams to construct their school ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... of the participants regarding the construction of a school improvement plan. ... feelings of empowerment, increased motivation to collaborate with the Circuit ... school self-evaluation, systems theory approach, whole-school development, ...

  3. Developing a matrix to explore the relationship between partnering and total quality management in construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG Wen-zhe; Colin F Duffield; David M Young

    2004-01-01

    Recently, there has been an increasing awareness and implementation of practices associated with Partnering and Total Quality Management (TQM) in the construction industry. Partnering and TQM both seek to enhance construction outcomes, yet rigorous studies of Partnering and TQM have been conducted separately and have not carefully examined common or unique practices associated with these techniques. This paper presents the findings of a theoretical analysis of an integrated approach for the use of Partnering and TQM. A matrix approach has been used to explore the extent to which Partnering may improve TQM implementation in construction. The matrix is based around 3 indexes, namely; the Degree of Partnering, the Degree of TQM and the Project Success Index and enables the relationship between Partnering and TQM to be analysed quantitatively. It also assists in understanding the trends of Partnering and TQM and their relationship to project performance. The results of a case study using this matrix are also presented. It has been concluded that the integrated use of Partnering can facilitate improvements in the way TQM is implemented in construction.

  4. Cost management as basis of harmonious approaches to the development of the construction business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matveev Nikita Mikhaylovich

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The management of construction companies’ development is rarely aimed at harmonization of business and at the development of the ways of its sustainable development. Case studies and the application scope for harmonization as an approach allowing systematic and balanced development of business showed its practical relevance. The use of this approach allows not only correlating the objectives, clarifying the mission, structuring the problems, or determining the optimal salary of employees, but also correlating the costs to each other, which is particularly important in light of the need for rapid transformation of the building production methods. They are based on competent use of system properties of the systems. The properties of emergence, resonance, measurability, and others are of particular importance. Their accounting allows achieving the optimal cost outlay required in the process of investment and construction activities. It complies with the requirements and conditions of the market economy. The mentioned advantages of the use of harmonization technologies to ensure the stability and sustainability of investment and construction activities enable to confirm the hypothesis of the impossibility to achieve the optimum cost, for example, for the implementation of an investment and construction project without implementation of the system properties of a harmonious approach.

  5. An innovative time-cost-quality tradeoff modeling of building construction project based on resource allocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Wenfa; He, Xinhua

    2014-01-01

    The time, quality, and cost are three important but contradictive objectives in a building construction project. It is a tough challenge for project managers to optimize them since they are different parameters. This paper presents a time-cost-quality optimization model that enables managers to optimize multiobjectives. The model is from the project breakdown structure method where task resources in a construction project are divided into a series of activities and further into construction labors, materials, equipment, and administration. The resources utilized in a construction activity would eventually determine its construction time, cost, and quality, and a complex time-cost-quality trade-off model is finally generated based on correlations between construction activities. A genetic algorithm tool is applied in the model to solve the comprehensive nonlinear time-cost-quality problems. Building of a three-storey house is an example to illustrate the implementation of the model, demonstrate its advantages in optimizing trade-off of construction time, cost, and quality, and help make a winning decision in construction practices. The computational time-cost-quality curves in visual graphics from the case study prove traditional cost-time assumptions reasonable and also prove this time-cost-quality trade-off model sophisticated.

  6. An Innovative Time-Cost-Quality Tradeoff Modeling of Building Construction Project Based on Resource Allocation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenfa Hu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The time, quality, and cost are three important but contradictive objectives in a building construction project. It is a tough challenge for project managers to optimize them since they are different parameters. This paper presents a time-cost-quality optimization model that enables managers to optimize multiobjectives. The model is from the project breakdown structure method where task resources in a construction project are divided into a series of activities and further into construction labors, materials, equipment, and administration. The resources utilized in a construction activity would eventually determine its construction time, cost, and quality, and a complex time-cost-quality trade-off model is finally generated based on correlations between construction activities. A genetic algorithm tool is applied in the model to solve the comprehensive nonlinear time-cost-quality problems. Building of a three-storey house is an example to illustrate the implementation of the model, demonstrate its advantages in optimizing trade-off of construction time, cost, and quality, and help make a winning decision in construction practices. The computational time-cost-quality curves in visual graphics from the case study prove traditional cost-time assumptions reasonable and also prove this time-cost-quality trade-off model sophisticated.

  7. Effort rights-based management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Squires, Dale; Maunder, Mark; Allen, Robin

    2017-01-01

    Effort rights-based fisheries management (RBM) is less widely used than catch rights, whether for groups or individuals. Because RBM on catch or effort necessarily requires a total allowable catch (TAC) or total allowable effort (TAE), RBM is discussed in conjunction with issues in assessing fish...

  8. Constructing storyboards based on hierarchical clustering analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasebe, Satoshi; Sami, Mustafa M.; Muramatsu, Shogo; Kikuchi, Hisakazu

    2005-07-01

    There are growing needs for quick preview of video contents for the purpose of improving accessibility of video archives as well as reducing network traffics. In this paper, a storyboard that contains a user-specified number of keyframes is produced from a given video sequence. It is based on hierarchical cluster analysis of feature vectors that are derived from wavelet coefficients of video frames. Consistent use of extracted feature vectors is the key to avoid a repetition of computationally-intensive parsing of the same video sequence. Experimental results suggest that a significant reduction in computational time is gained by this strategy.

  9. Maturity of project management in construction companies with the use of fuzzy numbers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klaus-Rosińska, Agata; Kuchta, Dorota

    2017-07-01

    The main aim of the article is to describe issue of maturity in project management regarding construction companies. Taking into consideration this problem the literature research was made, existing project management maturity models were analyzed, model of maturity in project management (using fuzzy numbers approach) was described and tested. The results of testing stage are shown in the case study.

  10. Development and Validation of Project Management Constructs of Security Door Access Control Systems: A Pilot Study in Macau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chan Brenda Wing Han

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available A Security Door Access Control System (SDACS project involves a number of teams from different organizations with diverse project goals. One of the main challenges of such projects is the lack of a standard approach or common understanding to achieve a common goal among project parties. This research examines various management concerns for SDACS projects, highlights the expected common understanding for project participants, develops the project management constructs, and emphasizes on the resulting value of the project to all participants. A two-stage process of scale development and validation was conducted. First, six generic constructs were identified based on the Security Access Control System Framework. Next, a multi-item scale for each construct was developed with reference to the Result-Oriented Management Framework. Expert judges were invited to conduct manual sorting of the items iteratively until reliability and validity was reached. In the next stage, further refinement and validation were carried out with a synthesized survey instrument and a series of statistical testing followed. The finalized SDACS project management constructs and the related findings help reinforce the importance of a standardized management practice for SDACS projects. The value of this research not only benefits SDACS project managers but everyone who works on the project.

  11. The Building Construction Management and Green Building Construction Management%浅谈建筑施工管理及绿色建筑施工管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      做好施工管理是确保工程质量、安全和进度的主要措施,也是建筑企业获得最大经济效益的有效途径。现在人们对建筑工程的要求越来越高,不仅仅只停留在质量达标上,还体现在建筑施工的绿色理念上,因此,作为建筑施工管理者应该想方设法地减少成本,节能降耗,减少建筑施工所产生的污染。本文就建筑施工管理及绿色建筑施工管理问题与各位同仁进行探讨。%The construction management is the main measures to ensure the quality, safety and schedule of engineering, the effective approach of construction enterprises to obtain the big-gest economic benefits. Now people’s demand for the constru-ction is increasingly high, not only stay in the quality standard, also reflect the green concept in building construction, theref-ore, the construction managers should try various devices to reduce cost, save energy and reduce consumption, reduce the pol ution caused by construction. This paper makes a discussi-on on the construction management and green building constr-uction management with col eagues.

  12. 20th International Symposium on Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate

    CERN Document Server

    Zheng, Sheng; Luo, Jiaojiao; Wang, Wei; Mo, Zhibin; Shan, Liping

    2017-01-01

    These conference proceedings offer an outstanding resource for academics and professionals, sharing essential findings on the latest developments in real estate and construction management. The subject is “Advancement of Construction Management and Real Estate” in the context of new-type urbanization. The Chinese Research Institute of Construction Management (CRIOCM), working in close collaboration with Zhejiang University, organized CRIOCM2015, the 20th International Symposium. Written by academics and professionals from all over the world, these proceedings discuss the latest achievements, research outputs and advances between frontier disciplines in the field of construction management and real estate. They cover a wide range of topics, including new-type urbanization, land development and land use, urban development and management, the real estate market and housing policies. The discussions will provide an important reference source on the implementation of new-type urbanization in China and abroad.

  13. Using project performance to measure effectiveness of quality management system maintenance and practices in construction industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leong, Tiong Kung; Zakuan, Norhayati; Mat Saman, Muhamad Zameri; Ariff, Mohd Shoki Md; Tan, Choy Soon

    2014-01-01

    This paper proposed seven existing and new performance indicators to measure the effectiveness of quality management system (QMS) maintenance and practices in construction industry. This research is carried out with a questionnaire based on QMS variables which are extracted from literature review and project performance indicators which are established from project management's theory. Data collected was analyzed using correlation and regression analysis. The findings indicate that client satisfaction and time variance have positive and significant relationship with QMS while other project performance indicators do not show significant results. Further studies can use the same project performance indicators to study the effectiveness of QMS in different sampling area to improve the generalizability of the findings.

  14. Using Project Performance to Measure Effectiveness of Quality Management System Maintenance and Practices in Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiong Kung Leong

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposed seven existing and new performance indicators to measure the effectiveness of quality management system (QMS maintenance and practices in construction industry. This research is carried out with a questionnaire based on QMS variables which are extracted from literature review and project performance indicators which are established from project management's theory. Data collected was analyzed using correlation and regression analysis. The findings indicate that client satisfaction and time variance have positive and significant relationship with QMS while other project performance indicators do not show significant results. Further studies can use the same project performance indicators to study the effectiveness of QMS in different sampling area to improve the generalizability of the findings.

  15. Design and Implementation of Management Information System for Computer Room Based on Distributed Construction%基于分布式结构的机房管理信息系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李延香

    2014-01-01

    In view of more and more difficulty in management because of a large number,large scale and location dispersion of computer room,a solutions based on B/S and C/S mixed architecture,centralized processing and distributed processing combination was Proposed, then a practical and efficient management information system for computer room developed,that effectively solve the problem of management information system of computer room,improve them management efifciency,convenient for the students training and learning.%针对目前高校计算机机房数量多、规模大、位置分散,管理难度越来越大的特点,提出并采用基于B/S与C/S混合架构、集中式处理与分布式处理相结合的设计方案,开发了一个实用高效的机房管理信息系统,有效的解决了集中式机房管理信息系统的不足,提高了机房管理效率,方便了学生上机学习。

  16. Ontology-Based Representation and Reasoning in Building Construction Cost Estimation in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xin Liu

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Cost estimation is one of the most critical tasks for building construction project management. The existing building construction cost estimation methods of many countries, including China, require information from several sources, including material, labor, and equipment, and tend to be manual, time-consuming, and error-prone. To solve these problems, a building construction cost estimation model based on ontology representation and reasoning is established, which includes three major components, i.e., concept model ontology, work item ontology, and construction condition ontology. Using this model, the cost estimation information is modeled into OWL axioms and SWRL rules that leverage the semantically rich ontology representation to reason about cost estimation. Based on OWL axioms and SWRL rules, the cost estimation information can be translated into a set of concept models, work items, and construction conditions associated with the specific construction conditions. The proposed method is demonstrated in Protégé 3.4.8 through case studies based on the Measurement Specifications of Building Construction and Decoration Engineering taken from GB 50500-2013 (the Chinese national mandatory specifications. Finally, this research discusses the limitations of the proposed method and future research directions. The proposed method can help a building construction cost estimator extract information more easily and quickly.

  17. Construction of the Mid-Level Management Position

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyrell, Steve

    2014-01-01

    The role of the mid-level manager as an organizer, communicator, and problem-solver in student affairs has been examined within the literature, but current discussion generally excludes the perspective of managers at community colleges. This chapter focuses on the importance of managerial identity and roles, particularly as it is enacted within a…

  18. Determinants of construction for an information system supporting innovation management

    OpenAIRE

    Sabina Rokita; Adriana Kaszuba-Perz

    2012-01-01

    Issues regarding information needs for managing innovation in a company are presented in the paper. The authors describe the concept of cost classification and practical solutions in typical reporting for assessing analysis of the efficiency of innovation activities in companies. The concept is depiced against the background of general issues related to internal factors which influence the system of innovation process management.

  19. Construction of the Mid-Level Management Position

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyrell, Steve

    2014-01-01

    The role of the mid-level manager as an organizer, communicator, and problem-solver in student affairs has been examined within the literature, but current discussion generally excludes the perspective of managers at community colleges. This chapter focuses on the importance of managerial identity and roles, particularly as it is enacted within a…

  20. Sustainable Industrialization in the Building Industry: On the Road to Energy Efficient Construction Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wandahl, Søren; Ussing, Lene Faber

    2013-01-01

    in this discussion paper. The main method is a review to track past merits in the two domains and to detect knowledge gaps that have research potential. A strategic research agenda focusing on energy-efficient construction management is outlined showing the need for future focus on combining industrialization......Since the Brundtland report in 1987, sustainability has been an issue in all parts of the world, and the focus is increasing in these years. In the same period, the building industry has in the same period also been under heavy pressure to increase productivity in the same pace as other...... in construction management with sustainability and energy concerns in construction management....

  1. Identifying and managing risk in international construction projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sachin Kerur

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Over the last decade, major construction projects have increasingly arisen in countries or regions that lack specialist, expert construction contractors, suppliers and consultants. Steps are being taken by governments in the Middle East, Eastern Europe, China, India and developing markets to address national infrastructure deficits, and by so doing, are creating new regions of booming construction demand. When coupled with anaemic growth in developed markets such as the United Kingdom, the USA and Western Europe, foreign markets present attractive opportunities to the global construction industry. However, foreign markets are littered with the cautionary tales of international contractors and consultants that have failed to grasp the intricacies and risks of operating in a new environment and have failed to capitalise on the opportunities available. By identifying the classes of risks, and undertaking detailed analysis, ranking and mitigation of relevant jurisdictional risks, participants in international construction projects will increase the likelihood of project success and commercial longevity in the new jurisdiction. Risk identification and assessment is not a science but an art, and while there are many potential approaches to the issue, we propose that our strategies for identifying, assessing, ranking and mitigating jurisdictional risks offer new international players a good chance of commercial success.

  2. Research on Knowledge Management System Construction of Domestic Private Express Enterprises Based on Wiki%基于Wiki的我国民营快递企业知识管理体系构建研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓红

    2013-01-01

    通过对我国民营快递企业现状以及知识管理的目标、特征、方法进行介绍,分析我国民营快递企业知识管理存在的问题,基于Wiki信息平台的技术特点,从参与主体、保障体系、Wiki平台、基本功能区四个方面构建了我国民营快递企业知识管理的创新体系.%Based on the introduction of the current situation of domestic private express enterprises and the goals,characteristics and method of knowledge management,the paper analyzed the existing problem of knowledge management of domestic private express enterprises.Based on the technical characteristics of Wiki information platform,the paper builds an innovative system of knowledge management of domestic private express enterprises from four aspects such as participation subject,security system,Wiki platform and basic function.

  3. Investigation into Waste Management on Construction Sites in South Western Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. O. Akinkurolere

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to report investigation into the problem of waste management on construction sites in South Western Nigeria and to unveil inherent dangers material wastage poses to the construction Industry. In the construction industries, materials are very vital in building sites, but not all the materials delivered are used for the purposes for which they have been ordered and the subsequent disappearance of these materials constitutes part of the waste. The primary research instruments used was the questionnaire which contained varied questions on material wastage and management. The investigation revealed that material wastage brings about additional cost to the construction project as well as a reduction in the profit of the contractor, considering the cost of storing and transporting construction waste along with the loss of revenue from not reclaiming waste. Also, most waste that occurs at construction sites is due to poor management and lack of awareness of effective waste management. The study finally recommends that recycling and reusing of construction waste is a viable option in construction waste management and that material wastage can be reduced by giving incentives to the workers for better handling of materials and by having trained personals to supervise the works.

  4. Construction safety and waste management an economic analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Rita Yi Man

    2015-01-01

    This monograph presents an analysis of construction safety problems and on-site safety measures from an economist’s point of view. The book includes examples from both emerging countries, e.g. China and India, and developed countries, e.g. Australia and Hong Kong. Moreover, the author covers an analysis on construction safety knowledge sharing by means of updatable mobile technology such as apps in Androids and iOS platform mobile devices. The target audience comprises primarily researchers and experts in the field but the book may also be beneficial for graduate students.

  5. Large-scale performance and design for construction activity erosion control best management practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faucette, L B; Scholl, B; Beighley, R E; Governo, J

    2009-01-01

    The National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Phase II requires construction activities to have erosion and sediment control best management practices (BMPs) designed and installed for site storm water management. Although BMPs are specified on storm water pollution prevention plans (SWPPPs) as part of the construction general permit (GP), there is little evidence in the research literature as to how BMPs perform or should be designed. The objectives of this study were to: (i) comparatively evaluate the performance of common construction activity erosion control BMPs under a standardized test method, (ii) evaluate the performance of compost erosion control blanket thickness, (iii) evaluate the performance of compost erosion control blankets (CECBs) on a variety of slope angles, and (iv) determine Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) cover management factors (C factors) for these BMPs to assist site designers and engineers. Twenty-three erosion control BMPs were evaluated using American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) D-6459, standard test method for determination of ECB performance in protecting hill slopes from rainfall induced erosion, on 4:1 (H:V), 3:1, and 2:1 slopes. Soil loss reduction for treatments exposed to 5 cm of rainfall on a 2:1 slope ranged from-7 to 99%. For rainfall exposure of 10 cm, treatment soil loss reduction ranged from 8 to 99%. The 2.5 and 5 cm CECBs significantly reduced erosion on slopes up to 2:1, while CECBs or= 4:1 when rainfall totals reach 5 cm. Based on the soil loss results, USLE C factors ranged from 0.01 to 0.9. These performance and design criteria should aid site planners and designers in decision-making processes.

  6. Integration of Radio—Frequency Identification and 4D CAD in Construction Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Wenfa

    2008-01-01

    In order to increase the productivity of construction industry,emerging technologies have been constantly introduced and applied in this traditional industry by pilot researchers.This paper provides an in-tegrated model of radio-frequency identification (RFID) and four-dimensional Computer-Aided Design (4D CAD) in construction management.RFID involves the use of tags that collect data and transmit data.RFID can collect data by radio waves instead of light waves.RFID technology is surpassing barcode technology where light waves are easily blocked and barcode labels are easy to fall off or become unreadable due to dust,dirt,or other contaminants.4D CAD which involves 3D construction models and construction sched-ules presents visualized construction process.Integration of RFID and 4D CAD in this paper built a dynamic constmction management and control system which would reduce the time of capturing data on site and control quality of construction materials efficiently.Pilot test result shows that a construction manager can easily understand how and what a complicated construction project will be accomplished.Although further analysis is necessary,RFID and 4D CAD show promises of being a beneficial technology in construction management.

  7. 基于建筑供应链的不允许缺货联合库存模型研究%Study on Joint Managed Inventory Model Under No-Shortage Based on Construction Materials Supply Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟德强; 郭薇

    2014-01-01

    研究由一个总承包商与多个分包商组成的建筑材料供应链联合库存问题,在不允许缺货的情况下,建立了库存成本模型。传统独立库存与供应链联合库存的成本比较证明,供应链联合库存总成本低于传统独立库存总成本。并以一个总承包商、2个分包商为例,研究了联合库存下的成本分配问题,证明用Shapley值法分配成本,各参与方在供应链联合库存下分担的成本均低于传统独立库存下的成本。%Investigates the joint managed inventory(JMI) problems of construction materials supply chain consist-ing of one general contractor and multiple sub-contractors. On the condition that short supply is not allowed,establishes the inventory cost model. Comparing the traditional independent inventory cost and that of supply chain JMI, proves that the total cost of the JMI is lower. Taking one general contractor and two sub-contractors for an example, studies the cost allocation of joint managed inventory, and verifies that using Shapley value method to allocate the cost, the shared cost of each participant in supply chain JMI is lower than that of traditional independent inventory.

  8. Proceedings of 4th Nordic Conference on Construction Economics and Organisation:Development Processes in Construction Management. 14th-15th June 2007

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    The conference was organised by the Swedish national research and development programme for construction, Competitive Building, and the Construction Management Research Group, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden. The conference was organised by the Swedish national research and development programme for construction, Competitive Building, and the Construction Management Research Group, Department of Civil and Environmental Engine...

  9. Analysis of Informationization Construction of Business Financial Management under the Network Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Yahui; Zhang, Pengwei; Li, Wei

    To strengthen the informationization construction of the financial management has great significance to the achievement of business management informationization, and under the network economic environment, it is an important task of the financial management that how to conduct informationization construction of traditional financial management to provide true, reliable and complete financial information system for the business managers. This paper thoroughly researches the problem of financial information orientation management (FIOM) by taking the method of combining theory with practice. This paper puts forward the thinking method of financial information management, makes the new contents of E-finance. At last, this paper rebuilds the system of finance internal control from four aspects such as control of organization and management, system development control and safety control of network system.

  10. Bi-project management in engineering complex industrial construction projects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Velde, Robert R. van der; Donk, Dirk Pieter van

    2000-01-01

    Engineering large industrial construction projects is usually a complex task with several co-operating actors. This paper investigates such projects, characterised by two main actors: the owner of the installation (the client organisation) responsible for the engineering of the production process,

  11. Effectiveness of Push and Pull Learning Strategies in Construction Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Aguinaldo; Powell, James Alfred

    2001-01-01

    Study of a construction contractor modernizing production showed that creation of an effective learning mood was more likely in a supportive environment in which people explore their actions as they work ("pull learning"). However, an external change agent ("push learning") was useful in provoking the reflection that triggered workplace learning.…

  12. Operation and Funding of the Regional Wartime Construction Manager

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-12-01

    for 75 days, but construction requirements continue for a total of 90 days. a. Threat Forces The countries of Tiburon, Perro , Pared, Zorritos, Barco...country of Perro through to the country of Cisnes. Concurrently, BP forces from their eastern command (Pared, Zorritos, Barco, and Mariposa) launch

  13. Effectiveness of Push and Pull Learning Strategies in Construction Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Aguinaldo; Powell, James Alfred

    2001-01-01

    Study of a construction contractor modernizing production showed that creation of an effective learning mood was more likely in a supportive environment in which people explore their actions as they work ("pull learning"). However, an external change agent ("push learning") was useful in provoking the reflection that triggered workplace learning.…

  14. GIS-Based Simulation of Engineering Construction Schedule

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Jing; ZHONG Denghua; HU Chengshun

    2005-01-01

    For its complexity, engineering construction schedule design is limited by various factors.Simulation-based engineering construction schedule takes critical path method (CPM) network as frame and calls complex cyclic operation network (CYCLONE) simulation model enclosed in advance for its simulation nodes. CYCLONE simulation model takes charge of simulating stochastic duration of activity and efficiency of resources, while CPM model performs project scheduling. This combination avoids the shortcomings of both models. Furthermore, geographic information system (GIS) technique is utilized to visualize the construction processes which are otherwise difficult to be understood by static results described. Application in practical project verifies the feasibility and advantage of the technique.

  15. Economic Analysis of USN-Based Data Acquisition Systems in Tall Building Construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyunsu Lim

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The successful construction of tall buildings requires effective construction management based on various quantitative data. The recent development of ubiquitous sensor networks (USNs enables massive amounts of data to be collected in real-time. However, the application of USN-based data acquisition systems to repetitive tasks on typical floors of tall buildings can be inefficient, because this may involve the repetitive reinstallation of sensors and the repositioning of data loggers and routers to enable continuous data transfer. To minimize this cumbersome work, a modified data acquisition method using reusable sensor nodes and mobile devices can be a useful solution. This study analyzes the economic aspects of the USN-based systems for concrete temperature monitoring by using the activity-based costing technique. The case study shows that the modified system can reduce the process cost by about 19%. It can also reduce the resource input time of management by about 55%, freeing up time for other management activities. Moreover, the cost benefits should scale up as projects increasingly require more measurement and monitoring. This study should facilitate the application of USN-based information management systems, particularly for tall building construction.

  16. Rules and regulations as potential moderator on the relationship between organizational internal and external factors with effective construction risk management in Nigerian construction companies: A proposed framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adeleke, A. Q.; Bahaudin, A. Y.; Kamaruddeen, A. M.

    2016-08-01

    Certain organizational internal and external factors have been found to influence effective construction risk management within the construction company which has contributed to massive risk occurrence on the projects. Yet, the influence of the organizational factors such as effective communication, team competency with skills, active leadership, political factor, organizational culture, technology factor and economic factor on effective construction risk management among the construction companies operating in Abuja and Lagos state Nigeria have not received considerable attention. More so, a moderating variable is proposed. This paper proposes rules and regulations as the potential moderator on the relationship between organisational internal factors, external factors and effective construction risk management.

  17. Schedule Management of Construction Projects Based on Last Planner System%基于最后计划者系统的工程项目进度计划管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金峻炎

    2013-01-01

    为了使工程项目进度计划更具有可操作性以及对进度的可控性,在编制项目进度计划过程中引入基于精益思想TFV理论的最后计划者系统。通过该系统的项目主计划、前瞻计划以及周计划的编制与实施,将进度计划的编制从传统的“推式”系统转变为“拉式”系统,可以实现项目计划的动态跟踪与管理。基于案例比较分析,证实该方法可以提高项目进度计划的有效性和可操作性。%Last planner system (LPS) is a kind of schedule management of project based TFV theory of lean thinking, which can enhance the operability and controllability of the project schedule. Based on the master schedule, look-ahead schedule and weekly work plan, LPS transfers the traditional"push"system into"pull"sys-tem for schedule management and realizes the dynamic tracking and management of the schedule. The new tech-nology can improve the effectiveness and operability by comparison between traditional method and LPS based on the case study.

  18. Review of Qualitative Approaches for the Construction Industry: Designing a Risk Management Toolbox

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David M. Zalk

    2011-06-01

    Conclusion: The Construction Toolbox presents a review-generated format to harness multiple solutions-based national programs and publications for controlling construction-related risks with simplified approaches across the occupational safety, health and hygiene professions.

  19. 基于B/S模式的高校招标采购管理信息系统建设%Based on B/S mode universities bidding management information system construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺锦

    2013-01-01

      针对传统招标采购管理存在资金来源多、工作效率低、档案管理难等问题,根据高校招标采购工作的需求,基于B/S模式,开发出一套招标采购管理系统,规范工作流程,提高工作效率,调动工作积极性。同时,系统可以及时查询采购工作的状态,统计采购信息,为领导决策和群众监督提供方便快捷的信息服务。%Aiming at the problems of the management mode of the traditional bidding procurement work, such as existing funding sources, low efficiency, the difficulty of file management, according to the needs of universities bidding procurement work, based on B/S model. People can develop a set of bidding procurement management system to standardize work processes, improve work efficiency, and mobilize the work enthusiasm. The same time, the system can query the status of the bidding procurement work, count the information of the bidding procurement work, and provide convenient information for leadership decision-making.

  20. Construction of College Financial Analysis System Based on the Budget Management Mode%基于预算管理模式下高校财务分析体系的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈习杰

    2014-01-01

    As a value evaluation system ,financial analysis can provide useful data for the related financial interest person in state enterprises to make decision ,meanwhile it can also help the management personnel to find the existing shortcomings and omissions to provide the foundation for perfecting financial manage -ment and improving financial decision .Based on the meaning of financial analysis ,it analyzed the existing problem in the college financial analysis and proposed the concreting ideas of building financial analysis system under the budget management mode .%财务分析评价体系可以为企事业单位相关经济利益人作出决策提供有用数据,帮助管理人员发现日常财务管理中存在的不足和疏漏,为完善财务管理、改善财务决策提供依据。介绍了高校财务分析的意义,分析了高校财务分析存在的问题,提出了基于预算管理模式下财务分析体系的构建设想。

  1. Management strategies to harness cultural diversity in Australian construction sites - a social identity perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Loosemore

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available  Construction sites around the world employ large numbers of people from diverse cultural backgrounds. The effective management of this cultural diversity has important implications for the productivity, safety, health and welfare of construction workers and for the performance and reputation of firms which employ them. The findings of a three year, multi-staged study of cultural diversity management practices on construction sites are critiqued using social identity theory. This reveals that so called “best-practice” diversity management strategies may have an opposite effect to that intended. It is concluded that the management of diversity on construction projects would benefit from being informed by social identity research. 

  2. Occupational safety and health management in the construction industry: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaafar, Mohd Hafiidz; Arifin, Kadir; Aiyub, Kadaruddin; Razman, Muhammad Rizal; Ishak, Muhammad Izzuddin Syakir; Samsurijan, Mohamad Shaharudin

    2017-09-11

    The construction industry plays a significant role in contributing to the economy and development globally. During the process of construction, various hazards coupled with the unique nature of the industry contribute to high fatality rates. This review refers to previous published studies and related Malaysian legislation documents. Four main elements consisting of human, worksite, management and external elements which cause occupational accidents and illnesses were identified. External and management elements are the underlying causes contributing to occupational safety and health (OSH), while human and worksite elements are more apparent causes of occupational accidents and illnesses. An effective OSH management approach is required to contain all hazards at construction sites. An approach to OSH management constructed by elements of policy, process, personnel and incentive developed in previous work is explored. Changes to the sub-elements according to previous studies and the related Malaysian legislation are also covered in this review.

  3. CONSTRUCTION THE ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE OF THE MTE ORIENTED ON THE BUSINESS-PROCESSES MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Kohut, Y.

    2011-01-01

    The methodical recommendations for the construction the organizational structure of the MTE oriented on the business-processes management has been developed by substantiating of basic works, maintenance, sequence and orientation, and also methods and receptions of their realization.

  4. 基于雨水管理思想的生态智慧社区的建设--以德国绍尔豪森公园住区项目为例%On the Construction of the Ecological Wisdom Community Based on the Thought of Rainwater Management-- A Case Study of Scharnhauser Park Residential Project in German as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高嘉; 王云才

    2016-01-01

    文章阐述雨水管理和生态智慧的含义及二者的关系,分析德国绍尔豪森公园住区项目产生背景、发展过程及策略等方面,总结雨水管理与生态智慧社区在建设过程中的联系、相互作用及具体内容,提出雨水管理纵向多层级规划思路及横向基本空间建设的雨水管理机制,以期总结基于雨水管理理念的生态智慧社区的发展方向及创新点,并为我国生态智慧社区的建立提供依据。%The paper explains the meanings of rainwater management and ecological wisdom as well as their relationship. By analyzing the background, development process and strategy of Scharnhauser Park Residential Project in German, the paper concludes the connection, interaction and the speciifc content of rainwater management and ecological wisdom community in the process of construction, so as to put forward the vertical multi-level planning thought of rainwater management and the basic horizontal space construction of rainwater management system. Accordingly, it also concludes the developmental direction of the ecological wisdom community based on the theory of rainwater management, which may provides evidence for the construction of ecological wisdom community in china.

  5. Performance-based procurement for low disturbance brdige construction projects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sebastian, R.; Claeson-Jonsson, C.; Di Giulio, R.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose – This paper aims to introduce a method of performance-based procurement, based on the most economically advantageous tender (MEAT), for low-disturbance bridge construction projects in urban environment. Design/methodology/approach – The first part of this paper reviews the key performance i

  6. Performance-based procurement for low disturbance brdige construction projects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sebastian, R.; Claeson-Jonsson, C.; Di Giulio, R.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose – This paper aims to introduce a method of performance-based procurement, based on the most economically advantageous tender (MEAT), for low-disturbance bridge construction projects in urban environment. Design/methodology/approach – The first part of this paper reviews the key performance

  7. Joint of Multi-Subjects,Innovation of Modern Agricultural Management System--The Practice and Exploration of Suihua City to Promote Construction of"Compound Management Subject Based on Village as Basic Unit"%多元主体联合创新现代农业经营体系*--绥化市推进“以村为基本单元的复合型经营主体”建设的实践探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭翔宇

    2016-01-01

    习近平总书记近期多次讲话强调,要以构建现代农业产业体系、生产体系、经营体系为抓手,加快推进农业现代化。在构建现代农业“三大体系”过程中,黑龙江省绥化市从创新现代农业经营体系入手,推进“以村为基本单元的复合型经营主体”建设,然后以现代农业经营体系创新推进现代农业生产体系建设,进而共同支撑现代农业产业体系发展。%Recent speeches of President Xi Jinping repeatedly stressed that taking modern agriculture industry system, production system, and operating system as the starting points, the agricultural modernization should be accelerated. In the construction process of"the three major systems of the modern agriculture", Suihua City of Heilongjiang Province started from innovating the management system of modern agriculture, promoted the construction of"the compound management subject based on village as basic unit", aimed to promote modern agricultural production system construction by the modern agricultural management system innovation, and then to support the development of modern agricultural industrial system.

  8. Building Information Modeling for Managing Design and Construction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berard, Ole Bengt

    outcome of construction work. Even though contractors regularly encounter design information problems, these issues are accepted as a condition of doing business and better design information has yet to be defined. Building information modeling has the inherent promise of improving the quality of design...... information by suggesting technologies and methods that are supposed to improve design information. However, building information modeling provides no means to assess these improvements of design information. This research introduces design information quality as an equivalent to information quality...... of five points, ranging from traditional to most innovative practice. However, since technology and practice changes rapidly, the definition of each score has to be adjusted regularly. Finally, the framework is applied to a construction project in order to evaluate its practical application. The framework...

  9. Risk Management of Procurement Challenges: The Implication To Construction Firms In Ghana

    OpenAIRE

    Timothy Adu Gyamfi; PatrickZievie; Victor Boateng

    2016-01-01

    It is clear that procurement challenges have been enormous task delving the major stakeholders in construction industry. The construction industry all over the world is fraught with challenges and the case of Ghana is no different. The study set out to examine Risk management of procurement challenges: The implication to construction firms in Ghana. This study which was conducted within the Ashanti Region of Ghana, primarily sought to identify procurement challenges facing firms in Ashanti re...

  10. Engineering, Support, and Management Services: Construction Industry Series: Preparation Level: Student Manual and Instructor's Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Texas Education Agency, Austin. Dept. of Occupational Education and Technology.

    The guide is an outline of training experiences designed to lead a student to at least entry-level proficiency in engineering, support, and management service jobs within the construction industry. Teaching units cover construction drafting, architectural drawing, engineering drafting, estimating, expediting and scheduling, surveying, testing and…

  11. Review of Qualitative Approaches for the Construction Industry: Designing a Risk Management Toolbox

    OpenAIRE

    David M. Zalk; Ton Spee; Matt Gillen; Lentz, Thomas J.; Andrew Garrod; Paul Evans; Paul Swuste

    2011-01-01

    Objectives: This paper presents the framework and protocol design for a construction industry risk management toolbox. The construction industry needs a comprehensive, systematic approach to assess and control occupational risks. These risks span several professional health and safety disciplines, emphasized by multiple international occupational research agenda projects including: falls, electrocution, noise, silica, welding fumes, and musculoskeletal disorders. Yet, the International Social...

  12. Review of Qualitative Approaches for the Construction Industry: Designing a Risk Management Toolbox

    OpenAIRE

    Zalk, David M.; Spee, Ton; Gillen, Matt; Lentz, Thomas J.; Garrod, Andrew; Evans, Paul; Swuste, Paul

    2011-01-01

    Objectives This paper presents the framework and protocol design for a construction industry risk management toolbox. The construction industry needs a comprehensive, systematic approach to assess and control occupational risks. These risks span several professional health and safety disciplines, emphasized by multiple international occupational research agenda projects including: falls, electrocution, noise, silica, welding fumes, and musculoskeletal disorders. Yet, the International Social ...

  13. Critical management practices influencing on-site waste minimization in construction projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ajayi, Saheed O; Oyedele, Lukumon O; Bilal, Muhammad; Akinade, Olugbenga O; Alaka, Hafiz A; Owolabi, Hakeem A

    2017-01-01

    As a result of increasing recognition of effective site management as the strategic approach for achieving the required performance in construction projects, this study seeks to identify the key site management practices that are requisite for construction waste minimization. A mixed methods approach, involving field study and survey research were used as means of data collection. After confirmation of construct validity and reliability of scale, data analysis was carried out through a combination of Kruskal-Wallis test, descriptive statistics and exploratory factor analysis. The study suggests that site management functions could significantly reduce waste generation through strict adherence to project drawings, and by ensuring fewer or no design changes during construction process. Provision of waste skips for specific materials and maximisation of on-site reuse of materials are also found to be among the key factors for engendering waste minimization. The result of factor analysis suggests four factors underlying on-site waste management practices with 96.093% of total variance. These measures include contractual provisions for waste minimization, waste segregation, maximisation of materials reuse and effective logistic management. Strategies through which each of the underlying measures could be achieved are further discussed in the paper. Findings of this study would assist construction site managers and other site operatives in reducing waste generated by construction activities.

  14. Constructive Alignment for Teaching Model-Based Design for Concurrency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brabrand, Claus

    2007-01-01

    "How can we make sure our students learn what we want them to?" is the number one question in teaching. This paper is intended to provide the reader with: i) a general answer to this question based on the theory of constructive alignment by John Biggs; ii) relevant insights for bringing this answ...... from theory to practice; and iii) specific insights and experiences from using constructive alignment in teaching model-based design for concurrency (as a case study in implementing alignment)......."How can we make sure our students learn what we want them to?" is the number one question in teaching. This paper is intended to provide the reader with: i) a general answer to this question based on the theory of constructive alignment by John Biggs; ii) relevant insights for bringing this answer...

  15. Discussion on circulation material management of construction project construction cost management%论建设项目施工成本管理之周材管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍明华

    2016-01-01

    简述了建筑施工企业管理周转材料的常用方式,以材料现场积压、材料浪费、损失等方面,分析了目前周转材料管理中常见的问题,并提出了具体的解决方案,有利于降低企业施工成本,提高企业的成本管理水平。%The paper briefly describes common circulation material management methods of building construction enterprises,analyzes common circulation material management problems from aspects of material field overstocking,material waste and loss,and puts forward specific solving schemes,which will be good for reducing construction cost and improving cost management level.

  16. SPATIAL ANALYSIS BASED HEALTH AND SAFETY RISK ASSESSMENT FOR LINEAR CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Atay

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes an on-going study that aims to develop a web-based spatial decision support system model for proactive health and safety management in linear construction projects. Currently, health and safety management is usually performed reactively instead of proactive management since hazard identification and risk assessment is mostly performed on paper based documents that are not effectively used at site. This leads to accidents and fatalities at construction sites. The proposed system automatically identifies the spatial risks according to the topographic and layout map of the site, project specification and health and safety regulations by means of spatial analysis. It enables the workers and management personnel to access the possible hazards and thematic risk map of any portion of the construction site for linear projects. Finally, the described approach provides the proposed mitigation measures for the identified hazards. The developed system is expected to raise awareness in H&S among workers and engineers, and increase participation of workers to health and safety management.

  17. Spatial Analysis Based Health and Safety Risk Assessment for Linear Construction Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atay, H.; Toz, G.

    2012-07-01

    This paper describes an on-going study that aims to develop a web-based spatial decision support system model for proactive health and safety management in linear construction projects. Currently, health and safety management is usually performed reactively instead of proactive management since hazard identification and risk assessment is mostly performed on paper based documents that are not effectively used at site. This leads to accidents and fatalities at construction sites. The proposed system automatically identifies the spatial risks according to the topographic and layout map of the site, project specification and health and safety regulations by means of spatial analysis. It enables the workers and management personnel to access the possible hazards and thematic risk map of any portion of the construction site for linear projects. Finally, the described approach provides the proposed mitigation measures for the identified hazards. The developed system is expected to raise awareness in H&S among workers and engineers, and increase participation of workers to health and safety management.

  18. Assessment of supply chain management in Nigerian construction ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper on assessment of supply Chain Management (SCM) in Effective ... in information technology (I.T), ineffective communication and diverse objective ... to 0.69 for Human Resource supply chain which is the least on the list involving ...

  19. Assessing maturity development of purchasing management in construction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lith, Jan; Voordijk, Johannes T.; Matos Castano, Julieta; Vos, Bart

    2015-01-01

    Purpose – Prime contractors spent a substantial part of their turnover on purchasing. The management of the purchasing function therefore has a large influence on the overall performance of a prime contractor. The more developed the purchasing function is, the greater its contribution to success of

  20. Assessing maturity development of purchasing management in construction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lith, Jan; Voordijk, Hans; Matos Castano, Julieta; Vos, Bart

    2015-01-01

    Purpose – Prime contractors spent a substantial part of their turnover on purchasing. The management of the purchasing function therefore has a large influence on the overall performance of a prime contractor. The more developed the purchasing function is, the greater its contribution to success of

  1. Cultural Intelligence as a Key Construct for Global Talent Management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bücker, J.J.L.E.

    2014-01-01

    This chapter focuses on the competencies needed to undertake global talent management (GTM), according to the concept of cultural intelligence (CQ) and its four main dimensions. Using real-world examples and excerpts from interviews with relevant actors in this field, this chapter outlines the CQ co

  2. Construct Method of Predicting Satisfaction Model Based on Technical Characteristics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Xiao-an; DENG Qian; SUN Guan-long; ZHANG Wei-she

    2011-01-01

    In order to construct objective relatively mapping relationship model between customer requirements and product technical characteristics, a novel approach based on customer satisfactions information digging from case products and satisfaction information of expert technical characteristics was put forward in this paper. Technical characteristics evaluation values were expressed by rough number, and technical characteristics target sequence was determined on the basis of efficiency, cost type and middle type in this method. Use each calculated satisfactions of customers and technical characteristics as input and output elements to construct BP network model. And we use MATLAB software to simulate this BP network model based on the case of electric bicycles.

  3. Fundamentals of Value Based Management in practice of Quality management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarzyna Szczepańska

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the practical aspects of using the theory of value management in quality management. Presents the essence of value based management (VBM as a background of reflection on its links with quality management. Coherence of the concept in practice, been reviewed in the author’s own studies. The discovery of absence of sufficient procedural structure of the metrics of an economic – financial, to measure the value of the quality management system, points to a gap between the theoretical and practical considerations in managing the value of the company quality management system.  

  4. Valuing the contribution of knowledge-oriented workers to projects: a merit based approach in the construction industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehrdad Arashpour

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Evidence points to the fact that frequent resignation of project engineers from construction companies is primarily the result of dissatisfaction with the factors that shape the salary scale. This research aims to identify the major influencing factors in merit based salary calculation systems for knowledge-oriented engineers so as to more accurately reflect their contribution to construction projects. Results from a questionnaire sent to managers, engineers and HR professionals throughout the Iranian construction industry revealed that while there was overall agreement on principles to a merit-based approach, engineers in particular identified ‘professional skills’, ‘experience’ and ‘creativity’. Management-oriented parties should take into account engineer perspectives in order to more accurately value the knowledge-oriented contribution of these workers to construction projects. This research provides a basis for understanding the key factors in the merit based salary scale formulation through the construction industry.

  5. Valuing the contribution of knowledge-oriented workers to projects: a merit based approach in the construction industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehrdad Arashpour

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Evidence points to the fact that frequent resignation of project engineers from construction companies is primarily the result of dissatisfaction with the factors that shape the salary scale. This research aims to identify the major influencing factors in merit based salary calculation systems for knowledge-oriented engineers so as to more accurately reflect their contribution to construction projects. Results from a questionnaire sent to managers, engineers and HR professionals throughout the Iranian construction industry revealed that while there was overall agreement on principles to a merit-based approach, engineers in particular identified ‘professional skills’, ‘experience’ and ‘creativity’. Management-oriented parties should take into account engineer perspectives in order to more accurately value the knowledge-oriented contribution of these workers to construction projects. This research provides a basis for understanding the key factors in the merit based salary scale formulation through the construction industry.

  6. Research on Web-Based Product Structure and Configuration Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENJi-zhong; TIANLing; XUXiao-hui

    2004-01-01

    An enhanced system architecture of Web-based product structure and configuration management system along with its, functions are is presented. The key techniques, such as construction of object models of product structure and product configuration, hybrid approach method in product configuration management, sharing and integration of heterogeneous product data, integration with other sub-systems, are discussed too. A prototype system is developed by J2EE technology.

  7. Deming's Management Philosophy and the defense industrial base.

    OpenAIRE

    Graff, David Jacques

    1991-01-01

    Approved for public release: distribution is unlimited The purpose of this thesis is to analyze why firms are leaving the defense industrial base and to determine if Dr. Edwards Deming's Management Philosophy can offer a more constructive way of doing business in the Defense Acquisition System. A comparative analysis was conducted between industry's reasons for wanting to leave the defense sector and Deming's Management Philosophy. This analysis determined if adoption of Deming's Managemen...

  8. Nitrogen management in reservoir catchments through constructed wetland systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tunçiper, B; Ayaz, S C; Akça, L; Samsunlu, A

    2005-01-01

    In this study, nitrogen removal was investigated in pilot-scale subsurface flow (SSF) and in free water surface flow (FWS) constructed wetlands installed in the campus of TUBITAK-Marmara Research Center, Gebze, near Istanbul, Turkey. The main purposes of this study are to apply constructed wetlands for the protection of water reservoirs and to reuse wastewater. Experiments were carried out at continuous flow reactors. The effects of the type of plants on the removal were investigated by using emergent (Canna, Cyperus, Typhia spp., Phragmites spp., Juncus, Poaceae, Paspalum and Iris.), submerged (Elodea, Egeria) and floating (Pistia, Salvina and Lemna) marsh plants at different conditions. During the study period HLRs were 30, 50, 70, 80 and 120 L m(2)d(-1) respectively. The average annual NH4-N, NO(3)-N, organic N and TN treatment efficiencies in SSF and FWS wetlands are 81% and 68%, 37% and 49%, 75% and 68%, 47% and 53%, respectively. Nitrification, denitrification and ammonification rate constant (k20) values in SSF and FNS systems have been found as 0.898 d(-1) and 0.541 d(-1), 0.488 d(-1) and 0.502 d(-1), 0.986 d(-1) and 0.908 respectively. Two types of the models (first-order plug flow and multiple regression) were tried to estimate the system performances.

  9. Walking the tightrope: Constructing gender and professional identities in account management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gremmen, C.C.M.; Benschop, Y.W.M.

    2009-01-01

    This paper contributes to the growing stream of organization research that explores the relationship between professional identities and gender. Our central question pertains to how account managers ‘do gender’ in constructing their professional identities. While account management has been consider

  10. Construction of Product Structure Management System of PDM based on ontology%一种基于本体的PDM产品结构管理系统的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安晶; 阳程; 李青祝

    2011-01-01

    本文通过对PDM系统中产品结构管理功能模块的分析与研究、结合本体论的相关知识,提出一种基于本体的产品结构管理系统的框架模型,详细阐述实现原型系统的关键技术及解决方案,在系统层面上实现并协调设计过程,对系统简要评价,得出结论.%Combing with the relevant knowledge about ontology, this paper analysed and studied on the function module of product structure management in PDM System, proposed a noval architecture of Product Structure Management System based on ontology, implemented and accorded the process of design, elaborated some key technologies and solution for the implementation of Prototype System. Finally, an evaluation was given and conclusions were presented.

  11. Employing Risk Management to Control Military Construction Costs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Defense Acquisition University (DAU),Defense Acquisition Research Journal ,9820 Belvoir Road, Suite 3,Fort Belvoir,VA,22060-5565...Team ( ELT ), co-chaired by the PMO’s Deputy Program Director—Site and Baltimore District’s program manager for the NCE effort. ELT membership is...the ELT , membership consists of executives (both government and contractor) of each executing element (Figure 3). PLTs meet on a weekly basis (or

  12. A Novel Resource-Leveling Approach for Construction Project Based on Differential Evolution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong-Hai Tran

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In construction engineering, project schedules are commonly established by the critical path method. Nevertheless, these schedules often lead to substantial fluctuations in the resource profile that are not only impractical but also costly for the contractors to execute. Therefore, in order to smooth out the resource profile, construction managers need to perform resource-leveling procedures. This paper proposes a novel approach for resource leveling, named as resource leveling based on differential evolution (RLDE. The performance of the RLDE is compared to that of Microsoft Project software, the genetic algorithm, and the particle swarm optimization algorithm. Experiments have proved that the newly developed method can deliver the most desirable resource-leveling result. Thus, the RLDE is an effective method and it can be a useful tool for assisting managers/planners in the field of project management.

  13. MST radar data-base management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wickwar, V. B.

    1983-01-01

    Data management for Mesospheric-Stratospheric-Tropospheric, (MST) radars is addressed. An incoherent-scatter radar data base is discussed in terms of purpose, centralization, scope, and nature of the data base management system.

  14. Research on Risks Recognition and Management of Contractor on the Design Construction Pattern of Contract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨鹏飞

    2013-01-01

    By combining with the implementation in expressway of traffic branch’s test point of design construction pattern of contract,the paper illustrates the risks from the bidding,the design of the construction graphic,the process dynamic design and construction process,the recognition of the unpredictable risks,the risk recognition,the evaluation,the prevention and the control of the risk management,so as to seek for the method which can be favorable for improving the design construction contract.

  15. Improvements Needed in Managing Scope Changes and Oversight of Construction Projects at Camp Lemonnier, Djibouti

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-30

    Improvements Needed in Managing Scope Changes and Oversight of Construction Projects at Camp Lemonnier, Djibouti S E P T E M B E R 3 0 , 2 0 1 6 Report...Improvements Needed in Managing Scope Changes and Oversight of Construction Projects at Camp Lemonnier, Djibouti Visit us at www.dodig.mil Objective We...Findings (cont’d) ii │ DODIG-2016-141 (Project No. D2014-D000RE-0157.000) Results in Brief Improvements Needed in Managing Scope Changes and Oversight

  16. Green and Sustainability Policy, Practice and Management in Construction Sector, A Case Study of Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raheleh Rostami

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is examining construction industry’s strategies, preparation and administration towards the agenda of the green and sustainability with respect to Malaysia. Today, sustainability is no longer considered a buzzword, but a reality that should be applied in policy, practice and management of all sectors of society. It’s a cornerstone needed by humans to live decently within their own conception of welfare, with respect to others without compromising the ecosystem as well as social and cultural norms. The pursuit of sustainable development puts the construction industry at the forefront both globally and nationally due to its total energy, resource consumption and carbon emission. However, the industry is identified as one of driving forces of the nations’ economy because of its contribution in generating wealth through constant growth in GDP. In addition, it influences the development of social and economic infrastructures and provides job opportunities. Based on the findings, most of the construction work in Malaysia and in the rest of the world is still applying conventional methods which are not often sustainable. However, IBS has capabilities to be considered as a vital pillar in helping the government to attain sustainable development when there is a need to balance economic growth, social expansion and environmental protection. For achieving these gaols it is necessary that more legislation, incentives and financial supports be considered and launched in the construction industry and governments exploit their foresight regarding this transition to maximize the potential benefits through policies supporting the development of the private demand for and supply of activities which meet this agenda. And, all initiatives need to be taken forward simultaneously by cooperation from all stakeholders.

  17. Positioning and Priorities of Growth Management in Construction Industrialization: Chinese Firm-Level Empirical Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jingxiao Zhang

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to quantitatively evaluate the growth phase, position, and priorities of the industrialization policy management of the construction industry at firm level. The goal is to integrate quantitative dynamics into the policy-making process for sustainable policy development in future China. This research proposes an integrated framework, including growth management model and industrial policy evaluation method, to identify the challenges of construction industrialization and policy management. The research applies the mixed system method, which includes entropy method and average score method, to analyze the growth stage and major impact indexes targeting 327 survey samples. The empirical results show that the proposed conceptual framework and policy evaluation method could effectively determine the growth position and directions of the construction industrialization. For verification purpose, the study uses the local industry data from Shaanxi Province, China. The calculation results substantiate that the construction industry is in the middle section of the third growth phase. The comparison of the results from statistical methods shows that the local construction industry still needs substantial effort in policy management to improve its sustainable industrialization level. As countermeasures, the policy priorities should concentrate on: (1 enhancing effective cooperation among universities, research institutions and enterprises; (2 improving actions towards technology transfer into productivity; and (3 encouraging market acceptance of construction industrialization. This research complements the existing literature of policy evaluation of construction industrialization. Moreover, it provides theoretical and operational steps on industry policy evaluation and growth management framework, with accurate and ample data analysis on firm-level survey. Researchers and policy makers can use this research for further

  18. Management of health in the construction and assembly of land pipelines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richa, Newton M.M.; Ruella, Nildemar C. [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2009-07-01

    The objectives of this study are: describe the main aspects of a health management experience in a work of construction and assembly of land pipeline, highlighting the positive impacts on safety and productivity; demonstrate that the general objective of the health function is to provide technical support to companies, information and services for leaders, managers, supervisors, workers and families in the management of multiple interfaces of health, especially the health-work interface; and demonstrate that the appropriate management of health may contribute significantly to the overall management of undertakings. (author)

  19. Culture, organization, and management in intensive care: construction and validation of a multidimensional questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minvielle, Etienne; Dervaux, Benoît; Retbi, Aurélia; Aegerter, Philippe; Boumendil, Ariane; Jars-Guincestre, Marie Claude; Tenaillon, Alain; Guidet, Bertrand

    2005-06-01

    The objective of this study is to develop and validate a questionnaire designed to assess the culture, organization, and management of intensive care units. This is a prospective multicenter study. The study was conducted in 26 intensive care units located in Paris. All personnel were asked to complete the questionnaire. The questionnaire was developed in 2 steps: (1) development of a theoretical framework based on organizational theory and (2) testing of the reliability and validity of a comprehensive set of measures. The internal consistency of the items composing each scale was tested by using the Cronbach alpha. Convergent, and discriminant validity was assessed by factor analysis with varimax rotation. The overall completion rate was 74% with 1000 respondents (750 nurses, 26 head nurses, 168 physicians, and 56 medical secretaries). Starting with a 220-item questionnaire, we constructed a short version-conserving metrological characteristics with good reliability and validity. The short questionnaire, entitled Culture, Organization, and Management in Intensive Care, consists of 106 items distributed in 9 dimensions and 22 scales: culture (n = 3), coordination and adaptation to uncertainty (n = 3), communication (n = 3), problem solving and conflict management (n = 2), organizational learning and organizational change (n = 2), skills developed in a patient-caregiver relationship (n = 1), subjective unit performance (n = 3), burnout (n = 3), and job satisfaction and intention to quit (n = 2). All the scales showed good-to-high reliability, with Cronbach alpha scores higher than .7 (with the exception of coordination [.6]). Team satisfaction-oriented culture is positively correlated with good managerial practices and individual well-being. The Culture, Organization, and Management in Intensive Care questionnaire enables staff and managers to assess the organizational performance of their intensive care unit.

  20. The use of production management techniques in the construction of large scale physics detectors

    CERN Document Server

    Bazan, A; Estrella, F; Kovács, Z; Le Flour, T; Le Goff, J M; Lieunard, S; McClatchey, R; Murray, S; Varga, L Z; Vialle, J P; Zsenei, M

    1999-01-01

    The construction process of detectors for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) experiments is large scale, heavily constrained by resource availability and evolves with time. As a consequence, changes in detector component design need to be tracked and quickly reflected in the construction process. With similar problems in industry engineers employ so-called Product Data Management (PDM) systems to control access to documented versions of designs and managers employ so- called Workflow Management software (WfMS) to coordinate production work processes. However, PDM and WfMS software are not generally integrated in industry. The scale of LHC experiments, like CMS, demands that industrial production techniques be applied in detector construction. This paper outlines the major functions and applications of the CRISTAL system (Cooperating Repositories and an information System for Tracking Assembly Lifecycles) in use in CMS which successfully integrates PDM and WfMS techniques in managing large scale physics detector ...

  1. A method to manage the model base in DSS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙成双; 李桂君

    2004-01-01

    How to manage and use models in DSS is a most important subject. Generally, it costs a lot of money and time to develop the model base management system in the development of DSS and most are simple in function or cannot be used efficiently in practice. It is a very effective, applicable, and economical choice to make use of the interfaces of professional computer software to develop a model base management system. This paper presents the method of using MATLAB, a well-known statistics software, as the development platform of a model base management system. The main functional framework of a MATLAB-based model base managementsystem is discussed. Finally, in this paper, its feasible application is illustrated in the field of construction projects.

  2. Construction Tender Subcontract Selection using Case-based Reasoning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Due Luu

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Obtaining competitive quotations from suitably qualified subcontractors at tender tim n significantly increase the chance of w1nmng a construction project. Amidst an increasingly growing trend to subcontracting in Australia, selecting appropriate subcontractors for a construction project can be a daunting task requiring the analysis of complex and dynamic criteria such as past performance, suitable experience, track record of competitive pricing, financial stability and so on. Subcontractor selection is plagued with uncertainty and vagueness and these conditions are difficul_t o represent in generalised sets of rules. DeciSIOns pertaining to the selection of subcontr:act?s tender time are usually based on the mtu1t1onand past experience of construction estimators. Case-based reasoning (CBR may be an appropriate method of addressing the chal_lenges of selecting subcontractors because CBR 1s able to harness the experiential knowledge of practitioners. This paper reviews the practicality and suitability of a CBR approach for subcontractor tender selection through the development of a prototype CBR procurement advisory system. In this system, subcontractor selection cases are represented by a set of attributes elicited from experienced construction estimators. The results indicate that CBR can enhance the appropriateness of the selection of subcontractors for construction projects.

  3. Discussion on Teaching Methods of Engineering Construction and Management for Undergraduate%工程施工管理课程教学方法探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋建平

    2011-01-01

    Based on the characteristics of engineering construction and management and the teaching practics and experience, this paper discussed the teaching methods of engineering construction and management for undergraduate.%本文基于工程施工管理课程的特点和教学体会,对工程施工管理课程的教学方法进行了探讨.

  4. Information management system for design, construction and operation of nuclear power plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bolch, M.C. (Duke Power Co. (US)); Jones, C.R. (S. Levy Inc. (US))

    1990-01-01

    This paper describes the principal requirements and features of a computerized information management system (IMS) believed to be a necessary part of the program to design, build and operate the next generation of nuclear power plants in the United States. This way a result of extensive review and input from an industry group studying future nuclear power plant construction improvements. The needs of the power plant constructor, owner and operator for such a computerized technical data base are described in terms of applications and scope and timing of turnover of the IMS by the plant designer. The applications cover the full life cycle of the plant including project control, construction activities, quality control, maintenance and operation. The scope of the IMS is also described in terms of the technical data to be included, hardware and software capabilities and training. The responsibilities of the plant designer for developing the IMS and generating the technical data base is defined as part of the plant process. The requirements to be met include a comprehensive plant data model and computer system hardware and software.

  5. THE BASES OF THE MANAGEMENT OF SOCIAL PROJECTS OF BUSINESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. B. Zilberstein

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In article on wide material the author opens basic approaches to formation of the theoretical base of management of social projects of business.The purpose of work is generalization of theoretical bases of project management of business which have social character. The logic of a statement of material is under construction as follows. In water part of article authors do the assumption that at the heart of an object of research three basic elements are put: project management, social management and management of social projects. Proceeding from this assumption in work further reasonings are under construction. The main part of article contains three subsections. In the fi rst subsection of article defi nition of the concept «project management» is formulated and methodological approaches to project management (PRINCE2, PERT, the Model Agile, Lean Management, BRM are generalized. In the second subsection the author's understanding of entity of social management is presented and the main techniques of social management are considered, and also the characteristic of methodology of management of social projects is given. In the third subsection the author's concept of entity of management of social projects of business is formulated. In fi nal part of article authors draw a conclusion about the importance of management of social projects of business. This article, fi rst of all, has theoretical and methodological value for formation of eff ective methods and instruments of management of social projects of business, and also for development of the theory and practice of corporate social responsibility.

  6. Hydrogel-based reinforcement of 3D bioprinted constructs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Melchels, Ferry P W; Blokzijl, Maarten M; Levato, Riccardo; Peiffer, Quentin C; Ruijter, Mylène de; Hennink, Wim E; Vermonden, Tina; Malda, Jos

    2016-01-01

    Progress within the field of biofabrication is hindered by a lack of suitable hydrogel formulations. Here, we present a novel approach based on a hybrid printing technique to create cellularized 3D printed constructs. The hybrid bioprinting strategy combines a reinforcing gel for mechanical support

  7. On multivariate dispersion orderings based on the standard construction

    OpenAIRE

    Belzunce, Félix; Ruiz, José M.; Suárez-Llorens, Alfonso

    2009-01-01

    On multivariate dispersion orderings based on the standard construction correspondance: Corresponding author. Tel.: +34 956015481; fax: +34 956015378. (Suarez-Llorens, Alfonso) (Suarez-Llorens, Alfonso) Dept. Estadistica e I. O.--> , Univ.--> , Murcia Spain--> - (Belzunce, Felix) Dept. Estadistica e I. O.--> , Univ.--> , Murcia Spain--> - (Ruiz, Jose M.) Dep...

  8. The Culture Based Model: Constructing a Model of Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Patricia A.

    2008-01-01

    Recent trends reveal that models of culture aid in mapping the design and analysis of information and communication technologies. Therefore, models of culture are powerful tools to guide the building of instructional products and services. This research examines the construction of the culture based model (CBM), a model of culture that evolved…

  9. Da Xinganling Lead Zinc Smelting Base Commencing the Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>The construction of the first phase of 150,000- ton lead zinc smelting base project,the largest lead zinc smelting project in Heilongjiang Province,of Da Xinganling Yunye Mining Ltd. officially started on May 24 in Jiagedaqi Indus- trial Park in Da Xinganling Region.

  10. Critical Quality Source Diagnosis for Dam Concrete Construction Based on Quality Gain-loss Function

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo Wang

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In dam concrete construction process, it not only has quality loss arising from quality fluctuation, but also gains quality compensation effect due to the mutual cooperation and adaptation coupling between working procedures (WPs. The calculation and transmission complexity of the quality loss and quality compensation affect the quality management of dam concrete construction. As the quality compensation effect existing in the production practice cannot be described by Taguchi quality loss function, the concept of quality gain-loss function was presented in this paper, which was based on endowing the constant term in the expansion of Taylor series with physical meaning—quality compensation. Based on quality gain-loss function theory, a new quality gain-loss transmission model of dam concrete construction based on GERT network was constructed and its effective algorithm was designed. WP quality gain-loss and its impact on the final product were reasonably measured, and the critical quality routes and critical quality WPs were detected and diagnosed in dam concrete construction network. Summer temperature-controlled concrete construction in the third phase of Three Gorges Project (TGP was taken as an example to carry out the study, and the calculation results showed the validity and practicability of the presented model and algorithm.

  11. Innovative Management Research on the Construction of H&SS Key Institutes Basing on Stakeholder Theory%省(部)文科重点研究基地外部利益相关者研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李石勇; 蓝满榆

    2011-01-01

    通过对省(部)文科重点研究基地建设所涉及的外部利益相关者的角色、责任、重要性和影响度进行定性分析及部类划分,分析当前基地建设中出现多头培育缺乏有效管理而导致创新水平不高现象,揭示成因并提出建立代表作为主的评价制度、形成利益导向的共同治理机制及营造创新文化氛围等措施提升基地创新水平.%During the construction of H&SS key institutes, there exist some problems, e. G. Interest conflict and the lack of innovation mechanism under multilateral nurturing. The thesis conducts qualitative analysis and categorization about the role, responsibility and importance of stakeholders and tries to take effective measures to improve the innovation capability of institutes, such as evaluation system based on representative thesis, common governance orientated by interest and innovative climate.

  12. Construction of a shared system-based real-world clinical research system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Huikun; Li, Xiaodong; Yang, Fan; Xie, Dan; Li, Hui; Huang, Jingjing; Guo, Mingxing

    2014-09-01

    Hubei Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine established research outpatient clinics to contribute to the major disease-entity research conducted by the National Traditional Chinese Medicine Clinical Research Base and to the construction of the National Traditional Chinese Medicine Treatment and Clinical Research Information Sharing System. With a view of developing a "real-world traditional Chinese medicine clinical research paradigm," these clinics explored the mode of constructing research outpatient clinics from the aspects of clinical research, health management, and characteristics diagnosis and treatment.

  13. Environmental Management Systems (EMS ISO 14001 Implementation in Construction Industry: A Malaysian Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumiani Yusoff

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This study seeks to explore the crucial part in EMS implementation; i.e. environmental aspects and impacts, Good Environmental Practice to be developed in construction site, as well as the level of awareness or understanding amongst site staffs on ISO 14001 EMS implementation in their organizations. Data were collected via interviews, surveys and site visits. A number of environmental aspects and impacts, and Good Environmental Practices based on ISO 14001:2004 have been identified. The level of understanding of the site staffs on ISO 14001 EMS requirements has been found to be good except for matters concerning Schedule Waste Management. In conclusion, the successful implementation of ISO 14001 EMS mainly depends on staffs‘ understanding.

  14. Aligning building information model tools and construction management methods

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hartmann, Timo; van Meerveld, H.J.; Vossebeld, N.; Adriaanse, Adriaan Maria

    2012-01-01

    Few empirical studies exist that can explain how different Building Information Model (BIM) based tool implementation strategies work in practical contexts. To help overcoming this gap, this paper describes the implementation of two BIM based tools, the first, to support the activities at an estimat

  15. A Model of Solid Waste Management Based Multilateral Co-Operation in Semi-Urban Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanchanabhandhu, Chanchai; Woraphong, Seree

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to construct a model of solid waste management based on multilateral cooperation in semi-urban community. Its specific objectives were to 1) study the solid waste situation and involvement of community in the solid waste management in Wangtaku Sub-district, Muang District, Nakhon Pathom Province; 2) construct a…

  16. Food Safety System Construction Based on Supply Chain Management%基于供应链管理的食品安全体系构建问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯晓曼; 刘永悦; 高艳

    2015-01-01

    The food supply chain management in China has problems with material, information and cash flow. Post-event supervision and segmented supervision are more popular rather than beforehand prevention and overall process control. To build a food safety system, a procurement system and traceable supply system must be established and the market access system must be improved. In this connection, the assignment of responsibility of governmental departments must be clear to improve the organization system for supervision. Enterprises should enhance the awareness of corporate responsibility with a sound accountability system. Food inspection resources could be integrat-ed. Risk evaluation for the safety should be optimized. The emergency disposal system should be improved. And the staff expenditure should be increased to accelerate the organizational construction at the primary level for intensifying the supervision at key links and in-creasing the efficiency of special projects.%目前,我国基于供应链管理的食品安全体系中存在着物流、信息流和资金流等方面的问题,普遍重事后监管和分段监管,轻事前预防与全过程控制。食品安全体系的构建包括建立食品安全采购系统和食品供应链可追溯系统,完善市场准入制度。这就应该明确政府部门职责分工,完善监管组织体系;健全责任体系,强化企业责任意识;进一步整合食品检验检测资源;优化安全风险评估,健全应急处置体系;加大人员经费投入,健全基层组织机构建设和加强重点环节监管,提高专项整治质量,努力开创食品安全监管的新局面,确保消除食品安全隐患。

  17. Market-Based Fisheries Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høst, Jeppe Engset

    This book reveals how a privatization of fish resources has paved the way for a wide-reaching concentration and change in ownership. It is a thought-provoking contribution to the debate on the future of European fisheries and the possible solutions to overfishing in Europe. Readers will discover...... a timely, critical insight into the social, cultural and economic aspects and consequences of market-based fisheries management. The privatization of fish quotas in Denmark represents one of the most far-reaching and comprehensive privatization schemes of its kind and has been widely promoted as a market......-based system with innovative social safeguards. This work critically examines this privatization of fish resources, combining quantitative and qualitative material to provide new understanding of fish quotas and their social value. Scholars with an interest in privatization and the socio-economic aspects...

  18. Ability System Construction and Teaching Reform of Public Utilities Management Major: Based on the Competency-Based Concept%公共事业管理专业人才能力体系构建及教改路向选择——基于能力本位理念的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何云峰; 冯敏星; 郭晓丽

    2012-01-01

    The competency-based concept, derived from the vocational education, has become a new concept to guide the modern vocational education reform and development. Confronted with the gaps between different sectors of the public utilities management, the requirements for reformed syllabus, curriculum and instructional media as well as the needs for talents with high quality and all-round ability are to be urgently satisfied. The study, drawing reference from the research methods of grounded theory, analyzes 32 points of the ability system which well meet the demands of the occupation. Consequently, a new reform route consisting of inspiring the initiative of the students, constructing an open teaching mechanism, adopting research-based teaching methods and promoting development teaching assessment is put forward.%发轫于职教领域的能力本位理念,已成为指导当代教育改革与发展的新理念。借鉴扎根理论方法分析公共事业管理专业职业应备能力体系,可以发现激发教学主体的能动性,构建开放式的教学机制,推行研究性的教学方式,倡导发展性的教学评价等是构建公共事业管理专业人才能力体系的新路径。

  19. A Construction Way of MAS Based on Organization Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GAO Bo; FEI Qi; CHEN Xue-guang

    2002-01-01

    With emphasizing that the integration of autonomy and coordination is the basis for constructing multi-agent systems (MAS), we analyze the organizational characters inherent with MAS and point out that it's a natural and essential way to construct MAS based on organization theory. We consider that the emphasis of the theory is the process of system analyzing. Then we present an analysis frame to expound the process, which includes the process of organization definition, the process of role definition, the process of organizational structure definition and the process of interaction protocol definition. Lastly, we discuss some issues associated with the processes of system design and implementation.

  20. Faint spatial object classifier construction based on data mining technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lou, Xin; Zhao, Yang; Liao, Yurong; Nie, Yong-ming

    2016-11-01

    Data mining can effectively obtain the faint spatial object's patterns and characteristics, the universal relations and other implicated data characteristics, the key of which is classifier construction. Faint spatial object classifier construction with spatial data mining technology for faint spatial target detection is proposed based on theoretical analysis of design procedures and guidelines in detail. For the one-sidedness weakness during dealing with the fuzziness and randomness using this method, cloud modal classifier is proposed. Simulating analyzing results indicate that this method can realize classification quickly through feature combination and effectively resolve the one-sidedness weakness problem.