WorldWideScience

Sample records for constructing public images

  1. Advancing the country image construct from a public relations perspective: from model to measurement

    OpenAIRE

    Buhmann, Alexander; Ingenhoff, Diana

    2017-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop and test a new model for the measurement of the constitution and effects of the country image as a central target construct in international public relations. Design/methodology/approach – The authors combine concepts from reputation management (Eisenegger and Imhof, 2008; Ingenhoff and Sommer, 2007), national identity theory (Smith, 1987), and attitude theory (Ajzen and Fishbein, 1980) to derive a four-dimensional model, conceptualizing count...

  2. Press and construction of public image of Enrique Peña Nieto in the presidential election of México in 2012

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    The press is among the political actors that contribute to the dissemination of public image, essential for candidates vying frames majority, because the political dispute it is a public dispute image. This paper discussed the construction of the image of the candidate of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), Enrique Peña Nieto, during the last mexican presidential election, for five vehicles online local news. The newspapers were analyzed daily by the Electoral Communication Research ...

  3. Constructing public worlds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jovchelovitch, Sandra; Priego-Hernandez, Jacqueline; Glaveanu, Vlad Petre

    2013-01-01

    and their social world. Drawings by children from two age groups (seven- and 10-year-olds) and two socio-economic milieus (affluent and deprived), in four cultures (Germany, Mexico, Brazil and Romania), supported by observations and interviews, were used to investigate children’s representations of their public...... world and their position within it. Findings show that public spheres characterised by collectivism, poverty and/or marginalisation: a) accelerate decentration bringing the public world and its complexity to the foreground of children’s depictions, and b) show a strong link between self and the public...

  4. IMAGES CONSTRUCTIONS TECHNIC, PLANNING AND RISK REDUCTION: THE IMPLANTATION OF THE ERP’S SYSTEM IN A PUBLIC EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique Cordeiro Martins

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the ERP planning and implementation process that includes identifying requirements,expectations, benefits, limitations and the ideational images built by the future users. The researchwas qualitative and quantitative descriptive based in the Instituto Federal Minas Gerais (IFMG case:the first Brazilian public federal institution of technological education to install the ERP’s system. The datawas collected based on free and semi-structured interviews. The images configuration technic use allowedidentifying the user’s images for the ERP software. The positive images represented the success factors andthe negative images were related to aversion system implementation. Generally, the results indicated thatthe IFM' ERP plans of implementation were propitious to build a unique identity. This paper aims also tocontribute with others studies related with ERP implementation in public organizations.

  5. NAIP Public Image Services

    Data.gov (United States)

    Farm Service Agency, Department of Agriculture — This map provides a preview and information about the National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP) image services available on the APFO public image server. Click on...

  6. Press and construction of public image of Enrique Peña Nieto in the presidential election of México in 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Panke

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The press is among the political actors that contribute to the dissemination of public image, essential for candidates vying frames majority, because the political dispute it is a public dispute image. This paper discussed the construction of the image of the candidate of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI, Enrique Peña Nieto, during the last mexican presidential election, for five vehicles online local news. The newspapers were analyzed daily by the Electoral Communication Research Group, Federal University of Paraná (UFPR during the election period of 73 days, generating 365 reports qualiquantitatives. As Mexico is comprised of a population of very heterogeneous ethnic origin, religion that highly values and is based on traditional moral values, we seek to outline what the main values of the candidate are highlighted by the press. Furthermore, we aim to identify which of the feelings of 'empathy, projection and identification', the press related to the then-candidate. With the data, we can identify which picture Peña Nieto was designed by Mexican press during the period.

  7. Public/Private Partnerships for New Construction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Matthew C.

    1999-01-01

    Discusses how colleges can finance new construction projects during lean financial times by employing public/private partnerships in an off-balance sheet financing format. Construction planning of a new school parking deck is used to illustrate the process. Benefits of savings in operating costs, management fees, and other line-item expenses are…

  8. Constructing Public-interest Images in Commercial Advertisements%论商业广告中公益形象的建构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨洁

    2015-01-01

    与推广意识形态的公益广告不同,商业广告具有盈利的性质。然而,为了更有效地激发受众的购买行为,广告方常常通过在广告中建构公益形象,以吸引消费者群体,借助突出强调“行动者”和“目的”因素来构建现实世界,以达到与受众同一的修辞目的,从而实现建构公益形象的价值。%Different from noncommercial advertising , commercial ads aim at gaining profits instead of spreading ideas and thoughts.However, in order to encourage customers more effectively, advertisers often attract customers by constructing non-com-mercial images.They also build a real world by emphasizing factors of agent and purpose in order to achieve the aim of identifica-tion with their audience, thus realizing the value of constructing non-commercial images.

  9. THE SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. G. Osipova

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the role of sociology in the scientific management of society — namely — the social construction aimed at the prevention of adverse events and the creation of social realities desirable for the individual and society. One of the areas of social reality, as well as the most important sphere of social life which are subject to social construction is public health. Public health is considered as an integrated expression of the dynamics of individual levels of the health of all members of society. The author emphasizes that the public health of the people is formed by the interaction of two groups of factors — endogenous (sex, biological age, race, body type, heredity and type of the human nervous system and exogenous (natural and social factors. The last are created by people themselves in the course of their ability to live and are operated, that is socially designed. The author analyzes the negative processes related to public health, the most important of which is a complex situation in the health system, lack of faith in the possibility of human medicine. An equally important role belongs to the deterioration of environmental significant share of people’s living conditions and social stress. If earlier scientists did not specify, in what degree of threat of infringement of global ecosystems are connected with a state of health and features of diseases of the population now it is established that various forms of irreversible change of environment are directly dangerous to public health. From an antiquity the effect of discrepancy of the wished (abstractly and actually arising future wished (abstractly — effect of human activity is known: people wish one, however actually all terminates differently, practically, on the contrary. And these characteristics of a public sincere, mental condition can be extremely inconsistent in relation to knowledge. They are the basis of so-called “involuntary behaviors

  10. 公共危机中政府形象建设的困境及对策%Difficulties in the Construction of Government Image in Public Crisis and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    荣洁

    2014-01-01

    An increasing number of public crises brings serious challenges to the construction of government image , and the effective crisis management provides opportunities for good government image construction .At present our govern-ment encounters many dilemmas in crisis management , including inapproprinte concept of public relations ,lack of security mechanism,frustration of communication channels ,poor control mechanism and evaluation system ,etc;all this severely re-stricts the government image construction .To deal with these deficiencies , the government ,in the crisis management ,should strengthen the concept of governance , strengthen the legal and resource security , improve the information communication mechanism, establish effective public crisis management mechanism ,and build assessment and accountability system ,and ultimately improve the modeling of government image through the building of image planning , security, communication, control and feedback mechanisms .%频发的公共危机给政府形象建设带来严峻挑战,而有效的危机管理又为良好的政府形象建设提供了机遇。现阶段我国政府在危机管理中存在公关理念不足、保障机制缺乏、沟通渠道不畅、控制机制及评估体系不健全等困境,严重制约着政府形象建设。针对这些不足,政府在危机管理中需强化治理理念、加强法律和资源保障、完善信息沟通机制、建立有效的公共危机管理机制、构建评估与责任体系,从而通过政府形象规划、保障、传播、控制及反馈五方面的建设,完善公共危机背景下的政府形象塑造。

  11. Image Mosaicing Algorithm for Rolled Fingerprint Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺迪; 荣钢; 周杰

    2002-01-01

    Fingerprint identification is one of the most important biometric authentication methods. However, current devices for recording digital fingerprints can only capture plain-touch fingerprints. Rolled fingerprints have much more information for recognition, so a method is needed to construct a rolled fingerprint from a series of plain-touch fingerprints. This paper presents a novel algorithm for image mosaicing for real time rolled fingerprint construction in which the images are assembled with corrections to create a smooth, non-fragmented rolled fingerprint in real time. Experimental results demonstrate its effectiveness by comparing it with other conventional algorithms.

  12. Constructing violence as a public health problem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winett, L B

    1998-01-01

    Once viewed primarily as a criminal justice problem, violence and its prevention are now often claimed by public health professionals as being within their purview. The author reviewed 282 articles published in public health and medical journals from 1985 through 1995 that discussed violence as a public health problem. She found that while authors tended to identify social and structural causes for violence, they suggested interventions that targeted individuals' attitudes or behaviors and improved public health practice. Her study illuminates the tension between public health professionals' vision of the social precursors of violence and their attempts to apply a traditional set of remedies. In targeting individuals to rid the nation of violence, the public health community is deemphasizing societal causes.

  13. [Occupational dermatitis in construction and public workers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frimat, Paul

    2002-09-01

    Construction workers perform a large variety of duties concerned with building, repairing, and wrecking buildings, bridges, dams, roads, railways and so on. The work may include mixing, pouring and spreading concrete, asphalt, gravel and other materials. Despite the increasing mechanization of construction and the more frequent use of precast concrete sections, contact with wet cement still occurs, particularly in small jobs. The work is hard physical labor, often under difficult conditions, including hot, cold, and wet weather. Occupational diseases of the skin in the construction have paralleled industrial development.

  14. Constructing Public Schooling Today: Derision, Multiculturalism, Nationalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Walter C.

    2011-01-01

    In this article, Walter Parker brings structure and agency to the foreground of the current tumult of public schooling in the United States. He focuses on three structures that are serving as rules and resources for creative agency. These are a discourse of derision about failing schools, a broad mobilization of multiculturalism, and an enduring…

  15. Optimal atlas construction through hierarchical image registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grevera, George J.; Udupa, Jayaram K.; Odhner, Dewey; Torigian, Drew A.

    2016-03-01

    Atlases (digital or otherwise) are common in medicine. However, there is no standard framework for creating them from medical images. One traditional approach is to pick a representative subject and then proceed to label structures/regions of interest in this image. Another is to create a "mean" or average subject. Atlases may also contain more than a single representative (e.g., the Visible Human contains both a male and a female data set). Other criteria besides gender may be used as well, and the atlas may contain many examples for a given criterion. In this work, we propose that atlases be created in an optimal manner using a well-established graph theoretic approach using a min spanning tree (or more generally, a collection of them). The resulting atlases may contain many examples for a given criterion. In fact, our framework allows for the addition of new subjects to the atlas to allow it to evolve over time. Furthermore, one can apply segmentation methods to the graph (e.g., graph-cut, fuzzy connectedness, or cluster analysis) which allow it to be separated into "sub-atlases" as it evolves. We demonstrate our method by applying it to 50 3D CT data sets of the chest region, and by comparing it to a number of traditional methods using measures such as Mean Squared Difference, Mattes Mutual Information, and Correlation, and for rigid registration. Our results demonstrate that optimal atlases can be constructed in this manner and outperform other methods of construction using freely available software.

  16. Social Media Image Analysis for Public Health

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Several projects have shown the feasibility to use textual social media data to track public health concerns, such as temporal influenza patterns or geographical obesity patterns. In this paper, we look at whether geo-tagged images from Instagram also provide a viable data source. Especially for "lifestyle" diseases, such as obesity, drinking or smoking, images of social gatherings could provide information that is not necessarily shared in, say, tweets. In this study, we explore whether (i) ...

  17. A Public Commissioning Maturity Model for Construction Clients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hermans, M.H.; Volker, L.; Eisma, P.R.

    2014-01-01

    Being a public organization with construction needs, whether they are housing, building or infrastructure related, implies close co-operation and interaction with the supply chain. Substantial research exists that focuses on project related aspects of commissioning and on the role of the constructio

  18. Synthetic Evaluation on Decision of Public Bidding for Construction Project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙涛; 颜秋许

    2002-01-01

    Public bidding is the international current practice to contract construction project. But the decision on the bidding often is made according to the qualitative evaluation based on the subjective opinion of specialists. Therefore, the fuzzy mathematics principle was applied and a synthetic evaluation model was established to provide an effective method for the development of quantitative bidding decision in this paper.

  19. Geometry model construction in infrared image theory simulation of buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢鸣; 李玉秀; 徐辉; 谈和平

    2004-01-01

    Geometric model construction is the basis of infrared image theory simulation. Taking the construction of the geometric model of one building in Harbin as an example, this paper analyzes the theoretical groundings of simplification and principles of geometric model construction of buildings. It then discusses some particular treatment methods in calculating the radiation transfer coefficient in geometric model construction using the Monte Carlo Method.

  20. The development of public and private construction procurement systems in the Malaysian construction industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mastura Jaafar

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available As demand on building construction projects rises, various procurement methods have been adapted to suit with unique project requirements. However, poor industry performance and rapid developments within it indicate the need for a research on the procurement systems in the industry. In order to explore the development of procurement systems in Malaysia, a discussion on different economic phases which influence the routes of procurement systems and its evolution in Malaysia's construction industry is initiated. Subsequently, based on a questionnaire survey collected from 73 public and 68 private parties, the significant and dominant role of traditional procurement system used by both the public and private sectors in Malaysia can be confirmed. Further, compared to the public sector, the private sector is observed to be more aggressive in adapting alternative systems such as design and build (D&B and Turnkey. Further elaboration on the research findings is covered in the discussion section.

  1. Constructing And Rendering Vectorised Photographic Images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. J. Willis

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available We address the problem of representing captured images in the continuous mathematical space more usually associated with certain forms of drawn ('vector' images. Such an image is resolution-independent so can be used as a master for varying resolution-specific formats. We briefly describe the main features of a vectorising codec for photographic images, whose significance is that drawing programs can access images and image components as first-class vector objects. This paper focuses on the problem of rendering from the isochromic contour form of a vectorised image and demonstrates a new fill algorithm which could also be used in drawing generally. The fill method is described in terms of level set diffusion equations for clarity. Finally we show that image warping is both simplified and enhanced in the vector form and that we can demonstrate real histogram equalisation with genuinely rectangular histograms straightforwardly.

  2. THE INVESTMENT MODEL OF THE CONSTRUCTION OF PUBLIC OBJECTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reperger Šandor

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available One of the possible models of the construction and use of sports objects, especi- ally indoor facilities (sports centres, halls, swimming pools, shooting alleys and others is the cooperation of the public and private sector, by the investment model of PPP (Pu- blic-Private Partnership. PPP (Public-Private Partnership construction is the new form of securing civil works, already known in the developed countries, in which the job of planning, construc- tion, functioning and financing is done by the private sector – in the scope of a precisely elaborated cooperation with the state. The state engages the private sector for the administering of the civil works. By public adverstisements and contests they will find the investors who accept the administe- ring of certain public works by themselves or with the help of project partners with their own resources (with 60-85% of bank loans, secure the conditions for conducting certain services (by using the objects, halls, etc until the expiration of the agreed deadline. The essence of PPP construction is the fact that an investor from the private sec- tor, chosen through a contest, realizes the project using its own means. The object beco- mes the property of the investor and it secures the regular functioning of the object with exclusive rights. The income from the functioning belongs to the investor, in return the costs of the functioning of the object, the upkeep, as well as the costs of the personnel and public utilities are the responsibility of the investor. The public use of the object is realised by the means that the authorised ministry and the partner from the contest in an agreement of the realization and functioning of the object accurately define the time of maintenance and the duration of the services on the behalf of social interest. From the time specified in the agreement the investor doesn’t charge precisely defined users for general and specific services. As Sebia, with all its

  3. The Public Face of Teacher Identity-Narrative Construction of Teacher Identity in Public Policy Documents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soreide, Gunn Elisabeth

    2007-01-01

    This article will illuminate how public narratives about teachers within the Norwegian national curriculum documents regulating teacher education (1999 and 2003) and elementary school (1997) construct teacher identities. The aim is not to define what identity Norwegian teachers as a group or individuals possess, but to describe how teacher…

  4. ENCOAL mild coal gasification project public design and construction report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-12-01

    This Public Design Report describes the 1000 ton per day ENCOAL mild coal gasification demonstration plant now in operation at the Buckskin Mine near Gillette, Wyoming. The objective of the project is to demonstrate that the proprietary Liquids From Coal (LFC) technology can reliably and economically convert low Btu PRB coal into a superior, high-Btu solid fuel (PDF), and an environmentally attractive low-sulfur liquid fuel (CDL). The Project`s plans also call for the production of sufficient quantities of PDF and CDL to permit utility companies to carry out full scale burn tests. While some process as well as mechanical design was done in 1988, the continuous design effort was started in July 1990. Civil construction was started in October 1990; mechanical erection began in May 1991. Virtually all of the planned design work was completed by July 1991. Most major construction was complete by April 1992 followed by plant testing and commissioning. Plant operation began in late May 1992. This report covers both the detailed design and initial construction aspects of the Project.

  5. Constructing public oral health policies in Brazil: issues for reflection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catharina Leite Matos Soares

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the construction of public oral health policies in Brazil by reviewing the available literature. It includes a discussion of the social responses given by the Brazilian State to oral health policies and the relationship of these responses with the ideological oral health movements that have developed globally, and that have specifically influenced oral health policies in Brazil. The influence of these movements has affected a series of hegemonic practices originating from both Market Dentistry and Preventive and Social Dentistry in Brazil. Among the state activities that have been set into motion, the following stand out: the drafting of a law to regulate the fluoridation of the public water supply, and the fluoridation of commercial toothpaste in Brazil; epidemiological surveys to analyze the status of the Brazilian population's oral health; the inclusion of oral health in the Family Health Strategy (Estratégia de Saúde da Família - ESF; the drawing up of the National Oral Health Policy, Smiling Brazil (Brasil Sorridente. From the literature consulted, the progressive expansion of state intervention in oral health policies is observed. However, there remains a preponderance of hegemonic "dental" practices reproduced in the Unified Public Health Service (Sistema Único de Saúde - SUS and the Family Health Strategy.

  6. IMAGE CONSTRUCTION FROM THE IRAS SURVEY

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    BONTEKOE, TR; KESTER, DJM; PRICE, SD; DEJONGE, ARW; WESSELIUS, PR

    IRAS survery data can be used successfully to produce images of extended objects. The major difficulties, viz. non-uniform sampling, different response functions for each detector, and varying signal-to-noise levels for each detector for each scan, have been resolved. The results of three different

  7. Real-time imaging for construction site metrology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, Debbie J.; Kearney, Frank W.; Ginsberg, Mark; Masters, Larry

    1988-08-01

    Military construction, like private industry, needs improved methods by which: (1) quality can be assured throughout the construction process, (2) the degree of construction progress can be assessed and documented, and (3) the performance of systems and materials can be assessed over time to aid in maintenance decision-making. Although these aspects of construction processes have traditionally been addressed through an empirical approach, recent advances in computer technology have provided new opportunities for improving upon the traditional methods. The U.S. Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratory (USA-CERL) is exploring the use of a sequential construction analyzer (SCA) to improve quality assurance, allow for more effective tracking of construction progress, and provide data for making decisions about maintenance. The SCA is a computer-based system that uses images obtained via various types of cameras to enhance the image data into useful information. This study was conducted to identify potential applications of the SCA in three areas of construction: buildings, construction sites, and paving. Many possibilities exist for applying this technology to the construction industry. The SCA concept is being optimized at USA-CERL, and a prototype is under development. When the prototype has been field-tested successfully, it will be used to develop specific applications for the Army and private industry.

  8. [The professional self and hetero image among public health nurses: a study of social representations].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Antonio Marcos Tosoli; Oliveira, Denize Cristina de

    2005-01-01

    The object of this study is the professional image constructed by public health nurses and the objective is to describe and analyze the professional images present in the representations of nurses who deliver direct care to this clientele. The theoretical-methodological reference framework adopted was Social Representations Theory. A qualitative study was developed in Petrópolis-Rio de Janeiro/Brazil, through in-depth interviews with 30 nurses. Alceste 4.5 software was used for the lexical analysis. The results reveal the existence of a professional self-image with three groups of meanings: being a reference for the team, the non-specific image and the image of plaster; and a professional hetero-image with four groups of meanings: administrator, invisible, positive image and superposition. The study of the professional image reflects the construction of the nurse's identity in itself and emphasizes Social Representations Theory as a useful tool for nursing research development.

  9. Automated construction of arterial and venous trees in retinal images.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Qiao; Abràmoff, Michael D; Garvin, Mona K

    2015-10-01

    While many approaches exist to segment retinal vessels in fundus photographs, only a limited number focus on the construction and disambiguation of arterial and venous trees. Previous approaches are local and/or greedy in nature, making them susceptible to errors or limiting their applicability to large vessels. We propose a more global framework to generate arteriovenous trees in retinal images, given a vessel segmentation. In particular, our approach consists of three stages. The first stage is to generate an overconnected vessel network, named the vessel potential connectivity map (VPCM), consisting of vessel segments and the potential connectivity between them. The second stage is to disambiguate the VPCM into multiple anatomical trees, using a graph-based metaheuristic algorithm. The third stage is to classify these trees into arterial or venous (A/V) trees. We evaluated our approach with a ground truth built based on a public database, showing a pixel-wise classification accuracy of 88.15% using a manual vessel segmentation as input, and 86.11% using an automatic vessel segmentation as input.

  10. Constructing ultrasonic images of soft spherical scatterers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Annenkova, E. A.; Tsysar', S. A.; Sapozhnikov, O. A.

    2016-03-01

    The paper considers specific features of ultrasonic visualization of gas bubbles in a liquid or a medium of like soft biological tissue type under conditions when the size of scatterers is comparable to the acoustic wavelength. It was proposed to use styrofoam specimens as the experimental model of stationary gas bubbles. Patterns of ultrasound scattering by a styrofoam sphere in water were obtained experimentally. It was shown that the measurement results agree well with the prediction of the classical theoretical model of scattering of a plane wave by a perfectly soft sphere. Several experiments were performed illustrating the specific features of visualizing millimeter-sized bubbles. A Terason commercial ultrasonic scanner was used; gelatin specimens with embedded styrofoam spheres served as the objects of study. The simulation and experimental results showed that when bubbles with diameters of visualized, it is impossible to measure the diameter of scatterers because bubbles of different diameters are imaged as bright spots of identical diameter, which is equal to the scanner resolution. To eliminate this difficulty, it is recommended to use the results of theoretical simulation performed in this study, which revealed a monotonic increase in the backscattered signal intensity with an increase in bubble radius. An ultrasonic visualization mode is proposed in which the brightness of scattered signals is used to differentiate between bubbles of different size.

  11. Reconceptualization of the body image construct from a multidisciplinary perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuria Castro-Lemus

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The present article carries out a systematic review of the main conceptualizations that currently exist of the body image construct from different disciplines, such as philosophy, psychology, sociology, and even Physical Education. This review argues the terminological unification of terms such as body, embodiment, corporeality, corporal identity, self-concept, corporal asset, and body schema. It also offers a reconceptualization of the construct.

  12. Mapping fields of interest: A systematic literature review on public clients in construction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eisma, P.R.; Volker, L.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: To create an overview of scientific knowledge currently available on public clients in order to set up a research agenda for public commissioning in construction. Background: Public clients are important actors and change agents in the construction industry. While sharing characteristics w

  13. Mapping fields of interest: A systematic literature review on public clients in construction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eisma, P.R.; Volker, L.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: To create an overview of scientific knowledge currently available on public clients in order to set up a research agenda for public commissioning in construction. Background: Public clients are important actors and change agents in the construction industry. While sharing characteristics

  14. Mapping fields of interest: A systematic literature review on public clients in construction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eisma, P.R.; Volker, L.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: To create an overview of scientific knowledge currently available on public clients in order to set up a research agenda for public commissioning in construction. Background: Public clients are important actors and change agents in the construction industry. While sharing characteristics w

  15. Construction of gender images in Japanese pornographic anime

    OpenAIRE

    Barancovaitė-Skindaravičienė, Kristina

    2013-01-01

    The article explores the means of gender image construction in Japanese pornographic animation (hentai anime). Alongside other genres of Japanese animation, during the last decades hentai anime has gained enormous popularity all over the world. Gender as a category is especially emphasised in the animation of sexually explicit content, therefore hentai anime plays an important role as a visual medium representing the images of Japanese masculinity and femininity on the international level. Ba...

  16. Visual Ontology Construction for Digitized Art Image Retrieval

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shu-Qiang Jiang; Jun Du; Qing-Ming Huang; Tie-Jun Huang; Wen Gao

    2005-01-01

    Current investigations on visual information retrieval are generally content-based methods. The significant difference between similarity in Iow-level features and similarity in high-level semantic meanings is still a major challenge in the area of image retrieval. In this work, a scheme for constructing visual ontology to retrieve art images is proposed.The proposed ontology describes images in various aspects, including type & style, objects and global perceptual effects.Concepts in the ontology could be automatically derived. Various art image classification methods are employed based on low-level image features. Non-objective semantics are introduced, and how to express these semantics is given. The proposed ontology scheme could make users more naturally find visual information and thus narrows the "semantic gap".Experimental implementation demonstrates its good potential for retrieving art images in a human-centered manner.

  17. THE PUBLIC IMAGE – FACETS AND STAGES IN ITS CREATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corina RADULESCU

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Public image is the representation or the idea that the public envisages as to an institution/organization and that special literature coins as: institutional image, enterprise image, prestige publicity, brand image, product image, institutional communication – all of these phrases representing multiple ”facets” of the public image whose unique goal is to create a positive representation of an institution. These facets – which are essentially different – often overlap.Thus, in this paper, we intend to distinguish between the multiple facets that the public image implies and, in order to do this, we firstly refer to the definition, characteristics and structure of the public image, so that we separately analyse its forms of manifestation and reveal the specific difference of the institutional image – which in its pure form aims at creating in the consumer’s/citizen’s mind an identity and a clear organizational representation, which is particularly different from commercial mark images. In the conclusion section to our paper, we indicate the steps that have to be followed in order to create a positive image for an organization.

  18. Constructing Fear in Academia: Neoliberal Practices at a Public College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Dana-Ain

    2011-01-01

    Neoliberal values and ideology, which have broadly undermined social justice ideals, have been inserted into a range of public spheres both in the U.S.A. and internationally. Public higher education institutions have increasingly acquiesced to neoliberal strategies, which restrict access to public services, commodify the public sphere and…

  19. Constructing Fear in Academia: Neoliberal Practices at a Public College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Dana-Ain

    2011-01-01

    Neoliberal values and ideology, which have broadly undermined social justice ideals, have been inserted into a range of public spheres both in the U.S.A. and internationally. Public higher education institutions have increasingly acquiesced to neoliberal strategies, which restrict access to public services, commodify the public sphere and…

  20. Making YOHKOH SXT Images Available to the Public: The YOHKOH Public Outreach Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson, M. B.; McKenzie, D.; Slater, T.; Acton, L.; Alexander, D.; Freeland, S.; Lemen, J.; Metcalf, T.

    1999-05-01

    The NASA funded Yohkoh Public Outreach Project (YPOP) provides public access to high quality Yohkoh SXT data via the World Wide Web. The products of this effort are available to the scientific research community, K-12 schools, and informal education centers including planetaria, museums, and libraries. The project utilizes the intrinsic excitement of the SXT data, and in particular the SXT movies, to develop science learning tools and classroom activities. The WWW site at URL: http://solar.physics.montana.edu/YPOP/ uses a movie theater theme to highlight available Yohkoh movies in a format that is entertaining and inviting to non-scientists. The site features informational tours of the Sun as a star, the solar magnetic field, the internal structure and the Sun's general features. The on-line Solar Classroom has proven very popular, showcasing hand-on activities about image filtering, the solar cycle, satellite orbits, image processing, construction of a model Yohkoh satellite, solar rotation, measuring sunspots and building a portable sundial. The YPOP Guestbook has been helpful in evaluating the usefulness of the site with over 300 detailed comments to date.

  1. 76 FR 58281 - Magnetic Resonance Imaging Safety; Public Workshop

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-20

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Magnetic Resonance Imaging Safety; Public Workshop AGENCY... the safe use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and approaches to mitigate risks. The overall goal is...: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing a public workshop entitled: ``Magnetic...

  2. What is the public's role in 'space' policymaking? Images of the public by practitioners of 'space' communication in the United Kingdom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Entradas, Marta

    2016-07-01

    Studies on experts' understanding of the public have mainly focused on the views of scientists. We add to the literature on constructions of the public by analyzing the views of decision-makers, professional science communicators and scientists involved in 'space' communication on the public and public participation in policy. Findings show that contextual situations and roles determine the way the public is conceptualised: the public is sophisticated and knowledgeable to participate in space activities/citizen science, but in matters of policy, a gullible image of the public is brought up. Despite the democratic talk on participation, practitioners delimited public involvement in policy in some way or other to protect their own power and decision-making capabilities. This conception of the public competes with the stated aims of scientific and political institutions for public engagement and the substantive value of public participation, leaving a limited role for the public in space policymaking.

  3. Problems with Permatrace: a note on digital image publication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guy Hopkinson

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The methodology presented here developed out of work required to convert the hard-copy illustrations submitted to Internet Archaeology for publication of the 1975 excavations at Cricklade. The publication (and digital image preparatory work was funded by English Heritage and was, in part, an experiment designed to explore some of the possibilities presented by digital image publication. Various challenges in how to transform the drawings on permatrace to a digital format were encountered. While a full exploration of the potential of all areas of digital image preparation and publication was not possible, some interesting technical options were evaluated. This short article explains the processes applied in creating the images that were finally incorporated within the publication. It also examines some other avenues regarding the presentation of archaeological drawings that could be explored in both future Internet Archaeology content and other digital publications.

  4. Revisiting the destination image construct through a conceptual model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Matos

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available In a highly complex and dynamic sector like tourism, the current economic crisis brings to destination managers not only challenges but also opportunities. The image destinations promote to the market is a key element in the tourist decision-making process when choosing a tourism destination. This paper’s purpose is, therefore, to review and explore the destination image construct and its implications for the destination, and also to present a model of destination image based on previous studies. Implications for creating, enhancing and implementing the correct marketing programs for tourism destinations are provided.

  5. The image of the construction industry and its employment ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Journal Home > Vol 23, No 2 (2016) > ... As the construction industry does not seem to enjoy a positive image, it is not necessarily the career of ... the career of choice for larger numbers of high-school students and other potential new entrants.

  6. Local image statistics: maximum-entropy constructions and perceptual salience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Victor, Jonathan D; Conte, Mary M

    2012-07-01

    The space of visual signals is high-dimensional and natural visual images have a highly complex statistical structure. While many studies suggest that only a limited number of image statistics are used for perceptual judgments, a full understanding of visual function requires analysis not only of the impact of individual image statistics, but also, how they interact. In natural images, these statistical elements (luminance distributions, correlations of low and high order, edges, occlusions, etc.) are intermixed, and their effects are difficult to disentangle. Thus, there is a need for construction of stimuli in which one or more statistical elements are introduced in a controlled fashion, so that their individual and joint contributions can be analyzed. With this as motivation, we present algorithms to construct synthetic images in which local image statistics--including luminance distributions, pair-wise correlations, and higher-order correlations--are explicitly specified and all other statistics are determined implicitly by maximum-entropy. We then apply this approach to measure the sensitivity of the human visual system to local image statistics and to sample their interactions.

  7. Women and human rights: undoing images, (re constructing identities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilda Stecanela

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Located in the context of studies on gender and violence, this paper interprets cases of violence against women, namely those in which the victim seeks for support services. It is part of a research being carried out in the southern region of Brazil, and debates the need to "deconstruct old images" in order to give place to "new identities" as a form of helping women to move from a victim's position towards playing the leading role of their own lives, in charge of their own choices and writing their own stories. This paper relates the urgency to revise socializing processes that will inculcate on everyday practices - of both men and women - another way of perceiving, conceiving and living their conditions as men and women in contemporaneity. It starts from the principle that it is not enough to assure rights and punish the aggressors. What has become evident in our first contacts with the research field points at the fight against gender violence being closely related to the representations that women have about domestic violence, since most of them only acknowledge physical violence, ignoring the other forms of violence. Generically, they consider gender differences as something natural and believe they occupy an inferior position in relation to men. Gender violence is a social construction that strengthens male domination and oppresses women. The challenge, thus, is to transform violence against women from a private into a public problem; that is, into an issue of human rights and gender equality. Key-words: Gender identities; Human rights; Violence against women.

  8. Creating a brand image for public health nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldwin, Kathleen A; Lyons, Roberta L; Issel, L Michele

    2011-01-01

    Public health nurses (PHNs) have declined as a proportion of both the nursing and the public health workforces in the past 2 decades. This decline comes as 30 states report public health nursing as the sector most affected in the overall public health shortage. Taken together, these data point to a need for renewed recruitment efforts. However, the current public images of nurses are primarily those of professionals employed in hospital settings. Therefore, this paper describes the development of a marketable image aimed at increasing the visibility and public awareness of PHNs and their work. Such a brand image was seen as a precursor to increasing applications for PHN positions. A multimethod qualitative sequential approach guided the branding endeavor. From the thoughts of public health nursing students, faculty, and practitioners came artists' renditions of four award-winning posters. These posters portray public health nursing-incorporating its image, location of practice, and levels of protection afforded the community. Since their initial unveiling, these posters have been distributed by request throughout the United States and Canada. The overwhelming response serves to underline the previous void of current professional images of public health nursing and the need for brand images to aid with recruitment.

  9. Constructing Communication: Talking to Scientists About Talking to the Public

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Davies, Sarah Rachael

    2008-01-01

    Recent work has started to explore "scientific understandings of publics" alongside public understandings of science. This study builds on this work to examine the ways in which public communication is talked about by scientists and engineers. The author identifies a range of ways of talking about...

  10. Technical challenges for the construction of a medical image database

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ring, Francis J.; Ammer, Kurt; Wiecek, Boguslaw; Plassmann, Peter; Jones, Carl D.; Jung, Anna; Murawski, Piotr

    2005-10-01

    Infrared thermal imaging was first made available to medicine in the early 1960's. Despite a large number of research publications on the clinical application of the technique, the images have been largely qualitative. This is in part due to the imaging technology itself, and the problem of data exchange between different medical users, with different hardware. An Anglo Polish collaborative study was set up in 2001 to identify and resolve the sources of error and problems in medical thermal imaging. Standardisation of the patient preparation, imaging hardware, image capture and analysis has been studied and developed by the group. A network of specialist centres in Europe is planned to work to establish the first digital reference atlas of quantifiable images of the normal healthy human body. Further processing techniques can then be used to classify abnormalities found in disease states. The follow up of drug treatment has been successfully monitored in clinical trials with quantitative thermal imaging. The collection of normal reference images is in progress. This paper specifies the areas found to be the source of unwanted variables, and the protocols to overcome them.

  11. On China's Protection of Citizens' Right to Be Informed and Construction of Government Information Publicity System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO ZHENGQUN

    2011-01-01

    @@ Ⅰ.The Unfolding Situation of the Philosophy of Right to Be Informed in China and Early Construction of Government Information Publicity System The origin of the thought, known as China's protection of right to be informed and the construction of government information publicity system, at least can be traced to the first decade after reform and opening up.

  12. Organizational Citizenship Behaviors in American and Portuguese Public Schools: Measuring the Construct across Cultures

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiPaola, Michael F.; da Costa Neves, Paula Maria Mendes

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: Organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB) have been studied in both private and public sector organizations in countries around the globe. The purpose of this study is to compare the perceptions of the OCB construct between American and Portuguese public secondary school teachers and test an operational measure of the construct for…

  13. [Interdisciplinary efforts in public health: an area under construction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, R; Deslandes, S F

    1994-07-01

    This article, based on a literature review, aims to discuss the interdisciplinarity on Public Health (its needs, barriers for implementation and possibilities). Therefore, initially, the authors present a discuss on conceptual and historical terms, that explains the subject. In this part, it is discussed the process of inclusion and exclusion of interdisciplinarity on Public Health, as well as the different dimension of it. Subsequently it is related an interdisciplinary experience on Public Health. Finally, the authors concluded that the interdisciplinary is extremely necessary to Public Health due to the complexity of its object of study.

  14. Investigating the effectiveness of response strategies for vulnerabilities to corruption in the chinese public construction sector.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shan, Ming; Chan, Albert P C; Le, Yun; Hu, Yi

    2015-06-01

    Response strategy is a key for preventing widespread corruption vulnerabilities in the public construction sector. Although several studies have been devoted to this area, the effectiveness of response strategies has seldom been evaluated in China. This study aims to fill this gap by investigating the effectiveness of response strategies for corruption vulnerabilities through a survey in the Chinese public construction sector. Survey data obtained from selected experts involved in the Chinese public construction sector were analyzed by factor analysis and partial least squares-structural equation modeling. Analysis results showed that four response strategies of leadership, rules and regulations, training, and sanctions, only achieved an acceptable level in preventing corruption vulnerabilities in the Chinese public construction sector. This study contributes to knowledge by improving the understanding of the effectiveness of response strategies for corruption vulnerabilities in the public construction sector of developing countries.

  15. Remodeling of Rural Public Service Supply Mechanism under the Background of New Village Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Under the background of new village construction, the necessity of remodeling the supply mechanism of rural public service is expounded. It is conducive to improving the capability of public service to satisfy farmers’ demand; to constructing a rural diversified public service system and improving the supply efficiency of rural public goods; to realizing the equalization of urban-rural public services to coordinate urban-rural development. Problems in the supply of Chinese rural public services are analyzed:the demand of rural public goods is enormous, governmental fiscal expenditure is insufficient; social organization is imperfect and public service capability is weak; urban-rural gap is large and the supply of pubic service is unequal; the system of rural public service is single and the functions are imperfect; the market degree of rural public service is low and the efficiency needs improving. In view of these problems, the strategies for remodeling the supply mechanism of rural public service are put forward, covering intensifying the input intensity of the government, expanding the coverage of public services; vigorously supporting the development of social organization and improving its capability of public goods; breaking through dual system and realizing the equalization of urban-rural public service; perfecting rural diversified public services and perfecting its public service functions; promoting the market progress of rural public services and improving the efficiency of public service.

  16. Dictionary construction in sparse methods for image restoration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wohlberg, Brendt [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-01-01

    Sparsity-based methods have achieved very good performance in a wide variety of image restoration problems, including denoising, inpainting, super-resolution, and source separation. These methods are based on the assumption that the image to be reconstructed may be represented as a superposition of a few known components, and the appropriate linear combination of components is estimated by solving an optimization such as Basis Pursuit De-Noising (BPDN). Considering that the K-SVD constructs a dictionary which has been optimised for mean performance over a training set, it is not too surprising that better performance can be achieved by selecting a custom dictionary for each individual block to be reconstructed. The nearest neighbor dictionary construction can be understood geometrically as a method for estimating the local projection into the manifold of image blocks, whereas the K-SVD dictionary makes more sense within a source-coding framework (it is presented as a generalization of the k-means algorithm for constructing a VQ codebook), is therefore, it could be argued, less appropriate in principle, for reconstruction problems. One can, of course, motivate the use of the K-SVD in reconstruction application on practical grounds, avoiding the computational expense of constructing a different dictionary for each block to be denoised. Since the performance of the nearest neighbor dictionary decreases when the dictionary becomes sufficiently large, this method is also superior to the approach of utilizing the entire training set as a dictionary (and this can also be understood within the image block manifold model). In practical terms, the tradeoff is between the computational cost of a nearest neighbor search (which can be achieved very efficiently), or of increased cost at the sparse optimization.

  17. The public image of nursing: a profession to learn about

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Errasti-Ibarrondo, B; Arantzamendi-Solabarrieta, M; Canga-Armayor, A

    2012-01-01

    .... As a result, this review of the literature has tried to identify the image of nursing held by the population, the prevailing stereotypes related to it, and what the public considers that nurses do...

  18. Images and Reflections: Photography in the Pursuit of Public Health

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Nigel Bruce

    2000-01-01

    .... Yet, who knows how much images such as Nick Ut's celebrated photograph of a naked, napalm burned girl running from the smoking remains of her village contributed to the change in public opinion...

  19. Countermeasures of Rural Public Product Supply Problems in New Socialist Rural Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The status of rural public goods' supply plays a decisive role in China agricultural development and in new socialist rural construction.For the current situation of insufficient supply of public goods in rural areas,this article explained the significance of strengthening the construction of rural public goods supply system,analyzed the reasons for the shortage of rural public goods supply,and proposed strategies and measures to solve problems of rural public goods supply,which are of advantages to enhance...

  20. Recommendations for Construction and Management of Ecological Public Welfare Forest in Hainan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang XUE; Renhui HONG; Dunxi LI; Zhipan LIN; Xiaoyan WANG; Shaofeng SU

    2016-01-01

    This paper firstly evaluated ecological service functions of ecological public welfare forest in Hainan Province. Then,it introduced value structure and existing problems of ecological service functions. Focusing on optimization and adjustment of scale and distribution of ecological public welfare forest,it came up with recommendations for construction and management of ecological public welfare forest in Hainan Province.

  1. Computers in Public Schools: Changing the Image with Image Processing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raphael, Jacqueline; Greenberg, Richard

    1995-01-01

    The kinds of educational technologies selected can make the difference between uninspired, rote computer use and challenging learning experiences. University of Arizona's Image Processing for Teaching Project has worked with over 1,000 teachers to develop image-processing techniques that provide students with exciting, open-ended opportunities for…

  2. Magnitude of Construction Cost and Schedule Overruns in Public Work Projects

    OpenAIRE

    Pramen P. Shrestha; Burns, Leslie A.; Shields, David R.

    2013-01-01

    This study analyzed 363 Clark County Department of Public Works (CCDPW) projects to determine construction cost and schedule overruns in various types and sizes of the projects. The sample projects were constructed from 1991 to 2008, with a total construction cost of $1.85 billion, equivalent to 2012 cost. A one-factor ANOVA test was conducted to determine whether construction cost and schedule overruns significantly varied based on types and sizes of the projects. The study showed that lar...

  3. A Secure Public-key Image Authentication Plan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Qing; CHEN Ke-fei

    2005-01-01

    Digital watermark can be used for image ownership verification or authentication. In this paper, we propose a new image authentication plan concentrating on its security performance. Digital watermark is first turbo coded, scaled and then processed in wavelet domain. To enhance security level, public key cryptosystem is utilized to replace traditional watermark key. Simulation results are finally given by experiment.

  4. Construction of a multimedia application on public network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jang; Wang, Chwan-Huei; Tseng, Ming-Yu; Hsiao, Sun-Lang; Luo, Wen-Hen; Tseng, Yung-Mean; Hung, Feng-Yue

    1994-04-01

    This paper describes our perception of current developments in networking, telecommunication and technology of multimedia. As such, we have taken a constructive view. From this standpoint, we devised a client server architecture that veils servers from their customers. It adheres to our conviction that network and location independence for serve access is a future trend. We have constructed an on-line KARAOKE on an existing CVS (Chinese Videotex System) to test the workability of this architecture and it works well. We are working on a prototype multimedia service network which is a miniature client server structure of our proposal. A specially designed protocol is described. Through this protocol, an one-to-many connection can be set up and to provide for multimedia applications, new connections can be established within a basic connection. So continuous media may have their own connections without being interrupted by other media, at least from the view of an application. We have advanced a constructive view which is not a framework itself. But it is tantamount to a framework, in building systems as assembly of methods, technics, designs, and ideas. This is what a framework does with more flexibility and availability.

  5. The image of care delivery by public health nurses as disseminated in Revista da Semana (1929).

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Matos Deslandes, Anna Karina; Aguiar, Simone; Neto, Mercedes; Porto, Fernando Rocha

    2013-02-01

    to analyze the images of Public Health Nurses in care delivery to society, disseminated by the Revista da Semana, in 1929. historical-semiotic study. The documents used were images, to which an analysis matrix was applied, including fashion and body language literature, besides others to address the study object. The data were interpreted in the light of the sociologist Pierre Bourdieu's notions of object representations and body hexis. the distinctive use of uniforms for the Public Health Nurses' activities was a non-verbal communication strategy to gain visibility and credibility during home visits . Public Health Nurses were particularly responsible for patient care and guidance to prevent illnesses, with a view to the qualitative development of Public Health. The intent in this study was to produce knowledge on image records about nurses' care practice at the National Public Health Department's School of Nurses, as well as to strengthen Public Health Nursing History research in Brazil, thus contributing to a better understanding about the construction process of nurses' image.

  6. The Gemini Planet Imager: From Science to Design to Construction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Macintosh, B; Graham, J R; Palmer, D; Doyon, R; Dunn, J; Gavel, D; Larkin, J; Oppenheimer, B; Saddlemyer, L; Sivaramakrishnan, A; Wallace, J K; Bauman, B; Erickson, D; Marois, C; Poyneer, L; Soummer, R

    2008-07-01

    The Gemini Planet Imager (GPI) is a facility instrument under construction for the 8-m Gemini South telescope. It combines a 1500 subaperture AO system using a MEMS deformable mirror, an apodized-pupil Lyot coronagraph, a high-accuracy IR interferometer calibration system, and a near-infrared integral field spectrograph to allow detection and characterization of self-luminous extrasolar planets at planet/star contrast ratios of 10{sup -7}. I will discuss the evolution from science requirements through modeling to the final detailed design, provide an overview of the subsystems and show models of the instrument's predicted performance.

  7. 78 FR 25062 - Program for Construction, Renovation, Repair or Expansion of Public Schools Located on Military...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-29

    ... on Military Installations AGENCY: Office of Economic Adjustment (OEA), Department of Defense (DoD... program to construct, renovate, repair, or expand elementary and ] secondary public schools on military... Schools Located on Military Installations. Announcement Type: Federal Funding Opportunity. Catalog...

  8. MAIN ORGANIZATIONAL AND LEGAL ASPECTS OF PUBLIC PROCUREMENT IN CONSTRUCTION SPHERE IN RUSSIA AND ABROAD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Starkova N. O.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Current state of domestic construction industry and especially system of orders for implementation of construction works at the expense of budget funds in the Russian Federation has been evaluated in the article. Organizational and legal aspects of implementation of public procurement in the world have been researched. Main Russian and foreign legislation governing rules and descriptions of competitive mechanism of public procurement have been characterized and estimated.

  9. Ideology and Poetics in Public Issue Construction: Thatcherism, Civil Liberties, and "Terrorism" in Northern Ireland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parry-Giles, Trevor

    1995-01-01

    Examines the rhetoric of Margaret Thatcher, indicating how Thatcherism intensified existing ideological tensions within the British context; how Thatcherism constructed the public issue of "terrorism" in Northern Ireland as an "epic tragedy"; and how such a construction materially shifted and ensnared commitments to…

  10. Ideology and Poetics in Public Issue Construction: Thatcherism, Civil Liberties, and "Terrorism" in Northern Ireland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parry-Giles, Trevor

    1995-01-01

    Examines the rhetoric of Margaret Thatcher, indicating how Thatcherism intensified existing ideological tensions within the British context; how Thatcherism constructed the public issue of "terrorism" in Northern Ireland as an "epic tragedy"; and how such a construction materially shifted and ensnared commitments to "freedom" and civil liberties.…

  11. Construct and Concurrent Validity of a Prototype Questionnaire to Survey Public Attitudes toward Stuttering

    Science.gov (United States)

    St. Louis, Kenneth O.; Reichel, Isabella K.; Yaruss, J. Scott; Lubker, Bobbie Boyd

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: Construct validity and concurrent validity were investigated in a prototype survey instrument, the "Public Opinion Survey of Human Attributes-Experimental Edition" (POSHA-E). The POSHA-E was designed to measure public attitudes toward stuttering within the context of eight other attributes, or "anchors," assumed to range from negative…

  12. The image of the public institutions and new technologies

    OpenAIRE

    Mihaela PĂUN; Coman, Cristina

    2010-01-01

    During the recent past decades, a new technology and a new kind of media emerged: the social media. It created a huge communication area that houses the interactions and debate between creators of social images and messages. In public relations, the emergence of social media challenges the traditional instruments of government public relations. Responding to development of information and communication technology (ICT), social media is considered as an alternative communication channel of gov...

  13. Performance of constructed wetland system for public water supply.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elias, J M; Salati Filho, E; Salati, E

    2001-01-01

    The project is being conducted in the town of Analândia, São Paulo, Brazil. The constructed wetlands system for water supply consists of a channel with floating aquatic macrophytes, HDS system (Water Decontamination with Soil-Patent PI 850.3030), chlorinating system, filtering system and distribution. The project objectives include investigating the process variables to further optimize design and operation factors, evaluating the relation of nutrients and plants development, biomass production, shoot development, nutrient cycling and total and fecal coliforms removal, comparing the treatment efficiency among the seasons of the year; and moreover to compare the average values obtained between February and June 1998 (Salati et al., 1998) with the average obtained for the same parameters between March and June 2000. Studies have been developed in order to verify during one year the drinking quality of the water for the following parameters: turbidity, color, pH, dissolved oxygen, total of dissolved solids, COD, chloride, among others, according to the Ministry of Health's Regulation 36. This system of water supply projected to treat 15 L s(-1) has been in continuous operation for 2 years, it was implemented with support of the National Environment Fund (FNMA), administered by the Center of Environmental Studies (CEA-UNESP), while the technical supervision and design were performed by the Institute of Applied Ecology. The actual research project is being supported by FAPESP.

  14. FEEDBACK ON A PUBLICLY DISTRIBUTED IMAGE DATABASE: THE MESSIDOR DATABASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Etienne Decencière

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The Messidor database, which contains hundreds of eye fundus images, has been publicly distributed since 2008. It was created by the Messidor project in order to evaluate automatic lesion segmentation and diabetic retinopathy grading methods. Designing, producing and maintaining such a database entails significant costs. By publicly sharing it, one hopes to bring a valuable resource to the public research community. However, the real interest and benefit of the research community is not easy to quantify. We analyse here the feedback on the Messidor database, after more than 6 years of diffusion. This analysis should apply to other similar research databases.

  15. New image of psychiatry, mass media impact and public relations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jakovljević, Miro; Tomić, Zoran; Maslov, Boris; Skoko, Iko

    2010-06-01

    The mass media has a powerful impact on public attitudes about mental health and psychiatry. The question of identity of psychiatry as a medical profession as well as of the future of psychiatry has been the subject of much controversial discussion. Psychiatry today has the historical opportunity to shape the future of mental health care, medicine and society. It has gained in scientific and professional status by the tremendous increase of knowledge and treatment skills. Psychiatry should build up new transdisciplinary and integrative image of a specialized profession, promote it and make it public. Good public relations are very important for the future of psychiatry.

  16. [The construction of professional images of healthcare assistants and registered nurses].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robin, Dominik; Schaffert, René

    2016-02-01

    In the field of nursing in Switzerland, educations have experienced a fundamental reorganization with the implementation of the new law on Vocational and Professional Education and Training (2004). Among other things, this change affects professional images. To show how the different professional images in the field of nursing are being constructed in the descriptions of professions by graduates after the reshaping of the educations and the occupational field in general. In 110 semi-structured interviews, healthcare assistants and registered nurses (college diploma and Bachelor of Science) in their early careers were asked to explain their professional image. The participant's answers were analysed based on a qualitative content analysis and considering the theoretical background of Berger and Luckmann (1977). The interviews show that professional images emerge on the interaction of societal attributes and individual processes of adoption and revision. Graduates are challenged to adjust stereotypes and to achieve a balance between their own professional image and a missing or inappropriately perceived societal image. There should be further emphasis on the differentiation between the professions and the different educations in the field of nursing in order to achieve a better public perception of the different professions.

  17. Magnitude of Construction Cost and Schedule Overruns in Public Work Projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pramen P. Shrestha

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study analyzed 363 Clark County Department of Public Works (CCDPW projects to determine construction cost and schedule overruns in various types and sizes of the projects. The sample projects were constructed from 1991 to 2008, with a total construction cost of $1.85 billion, equivalent to 2012 cost. A one-factor ANOVA test was conducted to determine whether construction cost and schedule overruns significantly varied based on types and sizes of the projects. The study showed that large, long-duration projects had significantly higher cost and schedule overruns than smaller, short-duration projects.

  18. Answer These Questions, and Polish Your Board's Public Image.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freund, Sidney A.

    1984-01-01

    The public image of a school board can be enhanced if it handles business in a manner that inspires confidence. Seven suggestions are presented on topics such as location of meetings, procedures, agenda, handling audience comments, establishing priorities, handling complaints, and superintendent support. (TE)

  19. Danish Public Construction Counselling Selection and Assignment Criteria in European Tendering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Jesper Kranker; Ussing, Lene Faber; Brunø, Thomas Ditlev

    2014-01-01

    One of the largest customers in the Danish construction industry is public agencies that own and develop projects. For some of the counselling services, they recur to be put out in European tendering. The aim is to find which selection and assignment criteria are used most in public tendering. How...... projects use selection and assignment criteria for counselling services and finally if there is significant use of selection and assignment methods in public counselling. The method is based on 74 public counselling tenders from the European Tenders Electronic Daily database from January 2010 to March 2013...

  20. Research on Human Resources Development of Rural Public Service Departments in New Countryside Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of defining related concepts concerning human resources in rural public service departments,this paper analyses the overall status quo of human resources in China’s rural public service departments and points out the problems existing in human resources in China’s rural public service departments during new countryside construction as follows:first,the constitution structure is not rational;second,the cultural quality of staff is universally low,and the business capacity remains to be promoted;third,the improvement of human resources development environment lags behind,and the supporting reform is short.In the context of new countryside construction,the opportunities faced by the human resources in China’s rural public service departments are as follows:China has elevated strengthening new countryside construction and rural talents construction as important state development strategy;the ideas of service-oriented government and learning-oriented government are put forward;civil servant system is overhauled.Therefore,I advance the development strategy of human resources in China’s rural public service departments as follows:implement elastic personnel system reform in public service departments(including civil servant positions in department),to form the public service personnel system of "able one comes in,mediocre one moves over and shiftless one steps down";audaciously promote young and middle-aged grass-roots cadres with strong business ability,high political quality,acute judgement and decision-making ability;build learning-oriented grass-roots public service organization,to make the staff in rural pubic service departments study assiduously and progress;broaden horizon,and build the human resources development system geared to international standards;in developed regions,the human resources in grass-roots public service departments should introduce enterprise competition model.

  1. A General Construction of IND-CCA2 Secure Public Key Encryption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiltz, Eike; Malone-Lee, John

    2003-01-01

    We propose a general construction for public key encryption schemes that are IND-CCA2 secure in the random oracle model. We show that the scheme proposed in [1, 2] fits our general framework and moreover that our method of analysis leads to a more efficient security reduction.......We propose a general construction for public key encryption schemes that are IND-CCA2 secure in the random oracle model. We show that the scheme proposed in [1, 2] fits our general framework and moreover that our method of analysis leads to a more efficient security reduction....

  2. A General Construction of IND-CCA2 Secure Public Key Encryption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiltz, Eike; Malone-Lee, John

    2003-01-01

    We propose a general construction for public key encryption schemes that are IND-CCA2 secure in the random oracle model. We show that the scheme proposed in [1, 2] fits our general framework and moreover that our method of analysis leads to a more efficient security reduction.......We propose a general construction for public key encryption schemes that are IND-CCA2 secure in the random oracle model. We show that the scheme proposed in [1, 2] fits our general framework and moreover that our method of analysis leads to a more efficient security reduction....

  3. THE OPPORTUNITY OF APPLYING MODELS OF QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN PUBLIC CONSTRUCTION ENTERPRISES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Awny ZREKAT

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article was analyzed the history of standard ISO-9000 and ways of application in public construction enterprises. OPORTUNITATEA APLICĂRII MODELELOR DE SISTEM AL MANAGEMENTULUI CALITĂŢII ÎN ÎNTERPRINDERILE DE CONSTRUCŢII PUBLICEÎn articol sunt analizate istoria standardului ISO-9000 şi modalităţile de aplicare a lui în întreprinderile de construcţii publice.

  4. Secure public cloud platform for medical images sharing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Wei; Coatrieux, Gouenou; Bouslimi, Dalel; Prigent, Nicolas

    2015-01-01

    Cloud computing promises medical imaging services offering large storage and computing capabilities for limited costs. In this data outsourcing framework, one of the greatest issues to deal with is data security. To do so, we propose to secure a public cloud platform devoted to medical image sharing by defining and deploying a security policy so as to control various security mechanisms. This policy stands on a risk assessment we conducted so as to identify security objectives with a special interest for digital content protection. These objectives are addressed by means of different security mechanisms like access and usage control policy, partial-encryption and watermarking.

  5. Fast method of constructing image correlations to build a free network based on image multivocabulary trees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhan, Zongqian; Wang, Xin; Wei, Minglu

    2015-05-01

    In image-based three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction, one topic of growing importance is how to quickly obtain a 3-D model from a large number of images. The retrieval of the correct and relevant images for the model poses a considerable technological challenge. The "image vocabulary tree" has been proposed as a method to search for similar images. However, a significant drawback of this approach is identified in its low time efficiency and barely satisfactory classification result. The method proposed is inspired by, and improves upon, some recent methods. Specifically, vocabulary quality is considered and multivocabulary trees are designed to improve the classification result. A marked improvement was, indeed, observed in our evaluation of the proposed method. To improve time efficiency, graphics processing unit (GPU) computer unified device architecture parallel computation is applied in the multivocabulary trees. The results of the experiments showed that the GPU was three to four times more efficient than the enumeration matching and CPU methods when the number of images is large. This paper presents a reliable reference method for the rapid construction of a free network to be used for the computing of 3-D information.

  6. Constructing Benchmark Databases and Protocols for Medical Image Analysis: Diabetic Retinopathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomi Kauppi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We address the performance evaluation practices for developing medical image analysis methods, in particular, how to establish and share databases of medical images with verified ground truth and solid evaluation protocols. Such databases support the development of better algorithms, execution of profound method comparisons, and, consequently, technology transfer from research laboratories to clinical practice. For this purpose, we propose a framework consisting of reusable methods and tools for the laborious task of constructing a benchmark database. We provide a software tool for medical image annotation helping to collect class label, spatial span, and expert's confidence on lesions and a method to appropriately combine the manual segmentations from multiple experts. The tool and all necessary functionality for method evaluation are provided as public software packages. As a case study, we utilized the framework and tools to establish the DiaRetDB1 V2.1 database for benchmarking diabetic retinopathy detection algorithms. The database contains a set of retinal images, ground truth based on information from multiple experts, and a baseline algorithm for the detection of retinopathy lesions.

  7. New public dataset for spotting patterns in medieval document images

    Science.gov (United States)

    En, Sovann; Nicolas, Stéphane; Petitjean, Caroline; Jurie, Frédéric; Heutte, Laurent

    2017-01-01

    With advances in technology, a large part of our cultural heritage is becoming digitally available. In particular, in the field of historical document image analysis, there is now a growing need for indexing and data mining tools, thus allowing us to spot and retrieve the occurrences of an object of interest, called a pattern, in a large database of document images. Patterns may present some variability in terms of color, shape, or context, making the spotting of patterns a challenging task. Pattern spotting is a relatively new field of research, still hampered by the lack of available annotated resources. We present a new publicly available dataset named DocExplore dedicated to spotting patterns in historical document images. The dataset contains 1500 images and 1464 queries, and allows the evaluation of two tasks: image retrieval and pattern localization. A standardized benchmark protocol along with ad hoc metrics is provided for a fair comparison of the submitted approaches. We also provide some first results obtained with our baseline system on this new dataset, which show that there is room for improvement and that should encourage researchers of the document image analysis community to design new systems and submit improved results.

  8. Public-domain software for root image analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirian Cristina Gomes Costa

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In the search for high efficiency in root studies, computational systems have been developed to analyze digital images. ImageJ and Safira are public-domain systems that may be used for image analysis of washed roots. However, differences in root properties measured using ImageJ and Safira are supposed. This study compared values of root length and surface area obtained with public-domain systems with values obtained by a reference method. Root samples were collected in a banana plantation in an area of a shallower Typic Carbonatic Haplic Cambisol (CXk, and an area of a deeper Typic Haplic Ta Eutrophic Cambisol (CXve, at six depths in five replications. Root images were digitized and the systems ImageJ and Safira used to determine root length and surface area. The line-intersect method modified by Tennant was used as reference; values of root length and surface area measured with the different systems were analyzed by Pearson's correlation coefficient and compared by the confidence interval and t-test. Both systems ImageJ and Safira had positive correlation coefficients with the reference method for root length and surface area data in CXk and CXve. The correlation coefficient ranged from 0.54 to 0.80, with lowest value observed for ImageJ in the measurement of surface area of roots sampled in CXve. The IC (95 % revealed that root length measurements with Safira did not differ from that with the reference method in CXk (-77.3 to 244.0 mm. Regarding surface area measurements, Safira did not differ from the reference method for samples collected in CXk (-530.6 to 565.8 mm² as well as in CXve (-4231 to 612.1 mm². However, measurements with ImageJ were different from those obtained by the reference method, underestimating length and surface area in samples collected in CXk and CXve. Both ImageJ and Safira allow an identification of increases or decreases in root length and surface area. However, Safira results for root length and surface area are

  9. A new methodology for constructing a publication-level classification system of science

    CERN Document Server

    Waltman, Ludo

    2012-01-01

    Classifying journals or publications into research areas is an essential element of many bibliometric analyses. Classification usually takes place at the level of journals, where the Web of Science subject categories are the most popular classification system. However, journal-level classification systems have two important limitations: They offer only a limited amount of detail, and they have difficulties with multidisciplinary journals. To avoid these limitations, we introduce a new methodology for constructing classification systems at the level of individual publications. In the proposed methodology, publications are clustered into research areas based on citation relations. The methodology is able to deal with very large numbers of publications. We present an application in which a classification system is produced that includes almost ten million publications. Based on an extensive analysis of this classification system, we discuss the strengths and the limitations of the proposed methodology. Important...

  10. Teachers' Images and Urban/Rural Constructs of Violence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rintoul, Heather M.

    This paper examines constructs of school violence among 11 teachers in a large urban secondary school and a large rural district high school. It describes how these teachers contextualize their particular schools, and explores contradictions between teachers' constructions of violence in schools in general and their particular constructions of…

  11. Investigating the Underlying Factors of Corruption in the Public Construction Sector: Evidence from China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shan, Ming; Le, Yun; Yiu, Kenneth T W; Chan, Albert P C; Hu, Yi

    2016-12-30

    Over recent years, the issue of corruption in the public construction sector has attracted increasing attention from both practitioners and researchers worldwide. However, limited efforts are available for investigating the underlying factors of corruption in this sector. Thus, this study attempted to bridge this knowledge gap by exploring the underlying factors of corruption in the public construction sector of China. To achieve this goal, a total of 14 structured interviews were first carried out, and a questionnaire survey was then administered to 188 professionals in China. Two iterations of multivariate analysis approaches, namely, stepwise multiple regression analysis and partial least squares structural equation modeling were successively utilized to analyze the collected data. In addition, a case study was also conducted to triangulate the findings obtained from the statistical analysis. The results generated from these three research methods achieve the same conclusion: the most influential underlying factor leading to corruption was immorality, followed by opacity, unfairness, procedural violation, and contractual violation. This study has contributed to the body of knowledge by exploring the properties of corruption in the public construction sector. The findings from this study are also valuable to the construction authorities as they can assist in developing more effective anti-corruption strategies.

  12. A Novel Longitudinal Atlas Construction Framework by Groupwise Registration of Subject Image Sequences

    OpenAIRE

    Liao, Shu; Jia, Hongjun; Wu, Guorong; Shen, Dinggang

    2011-01-01

    Longitudinal atlas construction is a challenging task in medical image analysis. Given a set of longitudinal images of different subjects, the task is how to construct the unbias longitudinal atlas sequence reflecting the anatomical changes over time. In this paper, a novel longitudinal atlas construction framework is proposed. The main contributions of the proposed method lie in the following aspects: (1) Subject-specific longitudinal information is captured by establishing a robust growth m...

  13. Very Young Children's Body Image: Bodies and Minds under Construction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birbeck, David; Drummond, Murray

    2006-01-01

    In recent years research has recognised that notions of body image, body image ideals and body dissatisfaction develop much earlier than was once thought. Forty-seven children (25 male; 22 female) aged between 5 and 6 years were interviewed on three occasions over 12 months regarding their perceptions of body image. The interviews revealed…

  14. An Evaluation of the use of ADR in the Nigerian Public Construction Project Disputes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Falilat Olubunmi Idowu

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Today’s construction projects are becoming more complex and more capital intensive. Governments of developing countries of the world are responsible for the provision of infrastructural facilities to its citizenry. Many researchers have however found that these projects are delivered late by contractors and disputes have been found as a major cause of such late deliveries. Disputes have also been found as a cause of cost overruns on construction projects. Therefore the use of ADR (Alternative Dispute Resolution in resolving construction disputes cannot be over emphasized. This study examines the issues which militate against the use of ADR as well as the ADR techniques which give satisfaction to disputants in terms of cost, time and maintenance and sustainability of relationship. The study gathered information from both primary and secondary sources. Data from primary sources were collected from fifty seven construction and legal practitioners in the public and contracting organisations with the use of questionnaires. The sampling technique that was employed was stratified simple random sampling and data was analysed with the use of SPSS. The study found Lack of awareness of ADR as one of the factors that militate against the use of ADR. The ADR techniques which give satisfaction to disputants in terms of cost, time and maintenance and sustainability of relationship are adjudication and negotiation respectively. The study recommends that awareness of ADR techniques in resolving construction dispute should be increased in order to maximize the full benefit of the use of ADR in construction projects.

  15. THE INFLUENCE OF MARKETING PUBLIC RELATION AND SERVICE QUALITY ON CORPORATE IMAGE THROUGH PUBLIC OPINION: STUDIES AT MANDIRI BANK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Suciyati

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to analyze the influence of marketing public relation and service quality at Bank Mandiri on corporate image through public. Convenience sampling method has been selected in order to obtain the data in this study. The analysis method that used was the path analysis. The research result had shown that: marketing public relation and service quality have significant influence simultaneously and partially on public opinion on the first structure equation. The second structure equation shows that: marketing public relation, service quality had significant influence simultaneously on corporate image. The service quality have not partially the quality of service have not influence significant partially on corporate, but variable marketing and public relation have  partially influential public opinion influence significant partially on corporate image.DOI: 10.15408/etk.v12i2.1916

  16. Constructing Muslims in France - Discourse, Public Identity, and the Politics of Citizenship

    OpenAIRE

    Fredette, Jennifer

    2014-01-01

    The standing of French Muslims is undercut by a predominant and persistent elite public discourse that frames Muslims as failed and incomplete French citizens. This situation fosters the very separations, exclusions, and hierarchies it claims to deplore as Muslims face discrimination in education, housing, and employment. In Constructing Muslims in France, Jennifer Fredette provides a deft empirical analysis to show the political diversity and complicated identity politics of this relativ...

  17. [Constructing images and territories: thinking on the visuality and materiality of remote sensing].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monteiro, Marko

    2015-01-01

    This article offers a reflection on the question of the image in science, thinking about how visual practices contribute towards the construction of knowledge and territories. The growing centrality of the visual in current scientific practices shows the need for reflection that goes beyond the image. The object of discussion will be the scientific images used in the monitoring and visualization of territory. The article looks into the relations between visuality and a number of other factors: the researchers that construct it; the infrastructure involved in the construction; and the institutions and policies that monitor the territory. It is argued that such image-relations do not just visualize but help to construct the territory based on specific forms. Exploring this process makes it possible to develop a more complex understanding of the forms through which sciences and technology help to construct realities.

  18. Optical fiber based imaging of bioengineered tissue construct

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sapoznik, Etai; Niu, Guoguang; Lu, Peng; Zhou, Yu; Xu, Yong; Soker, Shay

    2016-04-01

    Imaging cells and tissues through opaque and turbid media is challenging and presents a major barrier for monitoring maturation and remodeling of bioengineered tissues. The fiber optics based imaging system described here offers a new approach for fluorescent cell imaging. A micro imaging channel is embedded in a Polycaprolactone (PCL) electrospun scaffold designed for cell seeding, which allows us to use an optical fiber to locally deliver excitation laser close to the fluorescent cells. The emission is detected by an Electron Multiplying Charge Coupled Device (EMCCD) detector and image reconstruction of multiple excitation points is achieved with a working distance of several centimeters. The objective of this study is to assess the effects of system parameters on image reconstruction outcomes. Initial studies using fluorescent beads indicated that scaffold thickness had a small effect on image quality, whereas scaffold composition (collagen content), fluorophore spectra, and the reconstruction window size had a large effect. The results also suggest that a far-red fluorescent emission is preferential when using collagenous scaffolds with a thickness of up to 500 μm. Using these optimized parameters, we were able to image fluorescently labeled cells on a scaffold with a resolution of 15-20 μm, and have also measured muscle progenitor cell differentiation and scaffold surface coverage with endothelial cells. In the future, this imaging platform can be applied to other bioengineered tissues for non-invasive monitoring both in vitro and in vivo.

  19. Split Bregman's optimization method for image construction in compressive sensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skinner, D.; Foo, S.; Meyer-Bäse, A.

    2014-05-01

    The theory of compressive sampling (CS) was reintroduced by Candes, Romberg and Tao, and D. Donoho in 2006. Using a priori knowledge that a signal is sparse, it has been mathematically proven that CS can defY Nyquist sampling theorem. Theoretically, reconstruction of a CS image relies on the minimization and optimization techniques to solve this complex almost NP-complete problem. There are many paths to consider when compressing and reconstructing an image but these methods have remained untested and unclear on natural images, such as underwater sonar images. The goal of this research is to perfectly reconstruct the original sonar image from a sparse signal while maintaining pertinent information, such as mine-like object, in Side-scan sonar (SSS) images. Goldstein and Osher have shown how to use an iterative method to reconstruct the original image through a method called Split Bregman's iteration. This method "decouples" the energies using portions of the energy from both the !1 and !2 norm. Once the energies are split, Bregman iteration is used to solve the unconstrained optimization problem by recursively solving the problems simultaneously. The faster these two steps or energies can be solved then the faster the overall method becomes. While the majority of CS research is still focused on the medical field, this paper will demonstrate the effectiveness of the Split Bregman's methods on sonar images.

  20. Geometric Constructions for Image Formation by a Converging Lens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zurcher, Ulrich

    2012-01-01

    Light rays emerge from an object in all directions. In introductory texts, three "special" rays are selected to draw the image produced by lenses and mirrors. This presentation may suggest to students that these three rays are necessary for the formation of an image. We discuss that the three rays attain their "special status" from the geometric…

  1. THE INFLUENCE OF MARKETING PUBLIC RELATION AND SERVICE QUALITY ON CORPORATE IMAGE THROUGH PUBLIC OPINION: STUDIES AT MANDIRI BANK

    OpenAIRE

    Vera Suciyati

    2015-01-01

    This research aims to analyze the influence of marketing public relation and service quality at Bank Mandiri on corporate image through public. Convenience sampling method has been selected in order to obtain the data in this study. The analysis method that used was the path analysis. The research result had shown that: marketing public relation and service quality have significant influence simultaneously and partially on public opinion on the first structure equation. The second structure e...

  2. Health problems among migrant construction workers: A unique public-private partnership project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balkrishna B Adsul

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Construction sector is a booming industry and involves many hazardous activities. Migrant labor in the industry is susceptible to various health and occupational hazards. In a unique public-private partnership project, a medical team from a public sector teaching hospital in Mumbai provided comprehensive on-site health care services to the construction workers of a private construction company. Objective: To study socio-demographic profile and morbidity pattern of construction workers. Setting and Design: A cross-sectional study at construction site Vidyavihar (West, Mumbai, was carried out over the period of May to November 2010. Materials and Methods: A medical team provided comprehensive on-site health care services, and a Health Card was devised to maintain the record of socio-demographic, occupational details, and complete physical examination findings of the workers who participated in the study. Statistical Analysis Used: Statistical analysis was done using SPSS 15.0. Results: Of the 1337 workers (all males examined, 1289 (96.4% belonged to 15-45 years age group. The mean age of the workers was 26.25 ± 8.49 years. A third of the migrants belonged to West Bengal. The average number of health problems in the workers was 1.41. Regular consumers of tobacco and alcohol were 50.48 and 14.65%, respectively. Nearly one-fifth of the workers had febrile illness, of which 20.71% had suspected malaria; 12.6% had respiratory infections, while 3.4% were found to have hypertension. There was a statistically significant association (P < 0.05 between type of occupation and morbidity status.

  3. The image of the construction industry and its employment ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sites in South Africa and have been popularised by the media. These .... be improved by promoting Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). The concept of CSR ... 179 students. Convenience sampling techniques were used in the case of the ...... vigorous marketing campaign to promote the construction industry. This task is ...

  4. Patina in the construction of the poetic bronze image: science of materials, art and philosophy

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Silva, Claudia; Vélez, Gabriel; Colorado, Henry A

    2017-01-01

    .... Of these properties, the formation of the patina is the one that contributes most to the construction of its poetic image, since it is the one that, along with the form, suddenly appears before...

  5. Nonlinear optical molecular imaging enables metabolic redox sensing in tissue-engineered constructs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Leng-Chun; Lloyd, William R.; Wilson, Robert H.; Kuo, Shiuhyang; Marcelo, Cynthia L.; Feinberg, Stephen E.; Mycek, Mary-Ann

    2011-07-01

    Tissue-engineered constructs require noninvasive monitoring of cellular viability prior to implantation. In a preclinical study on human Ex Vivo Produced Oral Mucosa Equivalent (EVPOME) constructs, nonlinear optical molecular imaging was employed to extract morphological and functional information from intact constructs. Multiphoton excitation fluorescence images were acquired using endogenous fluorescence from cellular nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate [NAD(P)H] and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD). The images were analyzed to report quantitatively on tissue structure and metabolism (redox ratio). Both thickness variations over time and cell distribution variations with depth were identified, while changes in redox were quantified. Our results show that nonlinear optical molecular imaging has the potential to visualize and quantitatively monitor the growth and viability of a tissue-engineered construct over time.

  6. The Levitating Buddha: Constructing a Realistic Cylindrical Mirror Pseudo Image

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caussat, María Alicia; Rabal, Héctor; Muramatsu, Mikiya

    2006-10-01

    There are several interesting experiments involving image formation that can be easily implemented using mirrored foil, a very inexpensive material. When the foil is somewhat bent by holding its opposite edges and slightly pulling them together, cylindrical surfaces are generated. They behave as cylindrical mirrors, and circular or elliptical cross sections can be made. A project that can be easily built with the mirror foil is the generation of a pseudo image that is so compelling in its apparent reality that it can easily be taken to be the object itself.

  7. Editorial Management serials online: construction process, publication and administration with free software solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Vuotto

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Initially raised the main points to consider and develop the planning and construction of an online publication of a scientific nature, emphasizing the process and editorial functions, document preservation, access management, indexing and visibility. In the second part of the paper presents a proposed solution to every aspect previously described, highlighting the work of the information professional and optimizing time, cost and results offered free software, from a concrete experience with the system Open Journal System under the journal portal of the Faculty of Humanities at the Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata.

  8. On the Construction of Public Security Culture%关于公安文化建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林国清

    2014-01-01

    当前和今后一个时期公安文化建设的主要任务是,在深刻领会并准确把握公安文化内涵的基础上,大力实施人才工程、精品工程和惠警工程,并把警营文化建设与人民警察核心价值观主题教育、和谐警民关系、实现民警快乐生活幸福工作紧密结合起来,进一步推动公安文化大发展大繁荣,实现文化软实力向公安核心战斗力转化。%At present and for a certain period of time in the future , the major task of construction of public se-curity culture is to vigorously implement the Talent Project , Quality Project and Police-benefiting Project based on having a profound comprehension and grasping the connotation of public security culture , and to closely integrate the culture construction with the theme education of police's core value , the harmonious police and citizen relation-ship, and the realization of police's felicity in life and happiness in work , so as to further promote the grand devel-opment and grand prosperity of public security culture , and achieve the transformation from cultural soft power to core fighting capacity of public security .

  9. EIA BASED COMPARATIVE URBAN TRAFFIC NOISE ANALYSIS BETWEEN OPERATIONAL AND UNDER CONSTRUCTION PHASE PUBLIC TRANSPORT CORRIDOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajeev Kumar Mishra

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Delhi has a population of 16.75 million and is increasing at a rapid rate. This increase in population has enhanced the need for public transport. In Delhi, this need for public transport is served mainly by buses, auto rickshaws, a rapid transit system, taxis and suburban railways. Delhi has one of the highest road densities in India. Buses are the most popular means of transport catering to about 60% of the total demand. In order to meet the transport demand in Delhi, the State and the Union government started the construction of a mass rapid transit system, including the Delhi Metro. By the application of various data and public response, the paper accentuates the qualitative discussion on impacts of mass rapid transit system (MRTS corridor on land use and social aspects of lives of residents and road users. It also proposes certain mitigating measures for that meticulous condition. The analysis and survey outcome explain about the exceeded level of noise level as compared to CPCB standards. The share of public transport in total noise pollution is smaller than private but still exceeds the standards. Such problem demands the design of noise barrier along the corridor to curb the noise pollution.

  10. Image Schemas in Verb-Particle Constructions: Evidence from a Behavioral Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Tangfeng

    2016-01-01

    Cognitive linguists claim that verb-particle constructions are compositional and analyzable, and that the particles contribute to the overall meaning in the form of image schemas. This article examined this claim with a behavioral experiment, in which participants were asked to judge the sensibility of short sentences primed by image-schematic…

  11. Developing the Image and Public Reputation of Universities: The Managerial Process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, John L.; Melchiori, Gerlinda S.

    1982-01-01

    Managerial processes used in developing programs to improve an institution's public image are outlined, drawing on both theory and experience in college administration and public relations. Eight case studies provide illustrations. A five-stage managerial plan is presented. (MSE)

  12. 78 FR 69440 - Certain Electronic Imaging Devices; Notice of Request for Statements on the Public Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-19

    ... COMMISSION Certain Electronic Imaging Devices; Notice of Request for Statements on the Public Interest AGENCY...'') recommended by the ALJ. This notice is soliciting public interest comments from the public only. Parties are to file public interest submissions pursuant to 19 CFR 210.50(a)(4). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION...

  13. Functional brain imaging predicts public health campaign success.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falk, Emily B; O'Donnell, Matthew Brook; Tompson, Steven; Gonzalez, Richard; Dal Cin, Sonya; Strecher, Victor; Cummings, Kenneth Michael; An, Lawrence

    2016-02-01

    Mass media can powerfully affect health decision-making. Pre-testing through focus groups or surveys is a standard, though inconsistent, predictor of effectiveness. Converging evidence demonstrates that activity within brain systems associated with self-related processing can predict individual behavior in response to health messages. Preliminary evidence also suggests that neural activity in small groups can forecast population-level campaign outcomes. Less is known about the psychological processes that link neural activity and population-level outcomes, or how these predictions are affected by message content. We exposed 50 smokers to antismoking messages and used their aggregated neural activity within a 'self-localizer' defined region of medial prefrontal cortex to predict the success of the same campaign messages at the population level (n = 400,000 emails). Results demonstrate that: (i) independently localized neural activity during health message exposure complements existing self-report data in predicting population-level campaign responses (model combined R(2) up to 0.65) and (ii) this relationship depends on message content-self-related neural processing predicts outcomes in response to strong negative arguments against smoking and not in response to compositionally similar neutral images. These data advance understanding of the psychological link between brain and large-scale behavior and may aid the construction of more effective media health campaigns.

  14. Analytical and Methodological Dilemmas of the Construction of Images

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Niels Nørgaard

    How should we study and conceptualize political identity and behaviour in post modern society? How do people understand and experience power, and from where do people acquire the elements that impact the formation of the individuals "cognitive map" or political image of society? How do individuals...... perceive their own role in current democracy? With interview data derived from a case study analysis is presented and unfolded here. The basic approach is phenomenological-hermeneutical, but it is analytically informed by discourse analysis. The chapter advocates a constructivist bottom up approach...

  15. PROPOSALS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF TOURIST IMAGE IN BOTOSANI COUNTY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria-Simona Cuciureanu

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The article aims to highlight the main elements that make the tourism potential in Botosani County unique and the need to develop a touristic image of this area. The touristic potential of the rural areas is huge, but it is harnessed and exploited. We believe that through authenticity we can create an attractive territory for tourists. And that the existing potential of the rural tourism is an opportunity to improve the living standards, which should have three primary phases: identification, promotion and development. The study proposes the creation of several priority axes and an rural tourism brand, with the priority items identified.

  16. Measuring social exclusion in routine public health surveys: construction of a multidimensional instrument.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Addi P L van Bergen

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Social exclusion is considered a major factor in the causation and maintenance of health inequalities, but its measurement in health research is still in its infancy. In the Netherlands the Institute for Social Research (SCP developed an instrument to measure the multidimensional concept of social exclusion in social and economic policy research. Here, we present a method to construct a similar measure of social exclusion using available data from public health surveys. METHODS: Analyses were performed on data from the health questionnaires that were completed by 20,877 adults in the four largest cities in the Netherlands. From each of the four questionnaires we selected the items that corresponded to those of the SCP-instrument. These were entered into a nonlinear canonical correlation analysis. The measurement properties of the resulting indices and dimension scales were assessed and compared to the SCP-instrument. RESULTS: The internal consistency of the indices and most of the dimension scales were adequate and the internal structure of the indices was as expected. Both generalisabiliy and construct validity were good: in all datasets strong associations were found between the index and a number of known risk factors of social exclusion. A limitation of content validity was that the dimension "lack of normative integration" could not be measured, because no relevant items were available. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that a measure for social exclusion can be constructed with available health questionnaires. This provides opportunities for application in public health surveillance systems in the Netherlands and elsewhere in the world.

  17. Strategic Environmental Assessment and Environmental Auditing in Large-scale Public Infrastructure Construction: the case of Qinghai-Tibet Railway

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    He, G.; Zhang, L.; Lu, Y.

    2009-01-01

    Large-scale public infrastructure projects have featured in China’s modernization course since the early 1980s. During the early stages of China’s rapid economic development, public attention focused on the economic and social impact of high-profile construction projects. In recent years, however, w

  18. Public Relations in the Social Construction of Reality: Theoretical and Practical Implications of Berger and Luckmann's View of the Social Construction of Reality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Jon

    As P. L. Berger and T. Luckmann argue, what the public regards as social reality is a construction to which each member contributes by selecting from all available information to develop a picture of the world. To do so, people negotiate with other people regarding the meaning of the information provided. A logical extension of this theory is that…

  19. 78 FR 18611 - Summit on Color in Medical Imaging; Cosponsored Public Workshop; Request for Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-27

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Summit on Color in Medical Imaging; Cosponsored Public... International Color Consortium (ICC) are announcing the following public workshop entitled ``Summit on Color in... Approaches for Dealing with Color in Medical Images.'' The purpose of the workshop is to bring together...

  20. What is and what is not positive body image? Conceptual foundations and construct definition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tylka, Tracy L; Wood-Barcalow, Nichole L

    2015-06-01

    A decade ago, research on positive body image as a unique construct was relatively nonexistent, and now this area is flourishing. How and why did positive body image scholarship emerge? What is known about this contemporary construct? This article situates and contextualizes positive body image within Cash's scholarship, eating disorder prevention efforts, feminist influences, strength-based disciplines within psychology, and Buddhism. Extracting insights from quantitative and qualitative research, this article demonstrates that positive body image is (a) distinct from negative body image; (b) multifaceted (including body appreciation, body acceptance/love, conceptualizing beauty broadly, adaptive investment in appearance, inner positivity, interpreting information in a body-protective manner); (c) holistic; (d) stable and malleable; (e) protective; (f) linked to self-perceived body acceptance by others; and (g) shaped by social identities. Complementing what positive body image is, this article further details what positive body image is not to provide a more nuanced understanding of this construct. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. The Courts’ Public Image – The Desired Direction of Change

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylwia Morawska

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes to scientifically explore notions of court identity, principles of shaping a court system’s image, and best practices in positive court image development relating to the courts in Poland.  It discusses the roles and responsibilities of inter-organizational networks in harmonizing diverse efforts to build a more positive court image.  It presents the results of a pilot project on court image development that considered the level of “maturity of courts” or how much forward progress various courts have made toward achieving an enhanced court image.  The paper uses several methods of scientific exploration including scholarly research to collect information about court image; empirical analysis of such research; personal examinations and observations of courts; and when best practices have been implemented in Polish courts, case studies to determine whether improved court images result from those practices.

  2. 75 FR 8375 - Device Improvements to Reduce Unnecessary Radiation Exposure From Medical Imaging; Public Meeting...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-24

    ... From Medical Imaging; Public Meeting; Request for Comments AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS... Medical Imaging.'' The purpose of this meeting is to discuss steps that could be taken by manufacturers of... reduce unnecessary patient exposure to ionizing radiation from these medical imaging modalities. The...

  3. [Malaria in pictures: images from Brazil's public health campaigns in the first half of the twentieth century].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hochman, Gilberto; Mello, Maria Teresa Bandeira de; Santos, Paulo Roberto Elian dos

    2002-01-01

    The article discusses a set of pictures that illustrate public health activities, practices, and campaigns against malaria in Brazil from 1918 through 1956. Exemplary of certain key moments in this history, the illustrations belong to three archives from the Casa de Oswaldo Cruz/Fundação Oswaldo Cruz collection: Arquivo Belisário Penna, Arquivto Fundação Rockefeller ("Serviço de Malária do Nordeste" series), and Arquivo Rostan Soares. The article links these photographic records to their specific historical-public health contexts and to the campaign models and strategies represented by each archive. It also draws relations with the 20th -century history of the photographic medium itself. It is argued that these images of malaria constitute prime sources in constructing a visual history of the disease in 20th -century Brazil and of the country's public health history.

  4. Enhancing the Public Image of School Counseling: A Marketing Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritchie, Martin H.

    1989-01-01

    Suggests some basic marketing principles that might be applied to assist school counselors in selling their guidance programs to the public. Discusses assessing the needs and demands for guidance services, product development and defining the guidance program, pricing, distribution, and advertising and public relations. (NB)

  5. Tolosa–Hunt Syndrome Demonstrated by Constructive Interference Steady State Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wani, Nisar A.; Jehangir, Majid; Lone, Parveen A.

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: To highlight the role of constructive interference steady state (CISS) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome (THS). Case Report: We describe a case of THS in a 55-year-old woman presenting with left painful opthalmoplegia that was diagnosed by CISS MRI. Patient responded to steroid treatment and the lesion resolved. Conclusion: Imaging with MRI can help in making the diagnosis of THS by demonstrating an enhancing soft tissue lesion in the cavernous sinus and orbital apex resolving with steroids. CISS MRI is a sensitive sequence for diagnosis and follow-up imaging in THS.

  6. On the Construction of Ethics of Public Organization in China%论我国公共组织的伦理建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟海萁

    2012-01-01

    with the deepening of reform and opening up and adjustment of economic relations,pressing requirement improves our country public organization image,improve work efficiency,strengthen the public ethical construction.This article through to the public organizational ethics is defined,the value orientation of the building and the significance of the research and analysis,put forward to strengthen our country public organization ethics construction is the effective way.%随着改革开放的深入和经济关系的调整,迫切要求改善我国公共组织形象,提高办事效率,加强公共组织伦理建设。文章通过对公共组织伦理的定义、建设的价值取向和意义的研究分析,提出了加强我国公共组织伦理建设的有效途径。

  7. Patch-based image segmentation of satellite imagery using minimum spanning tree construction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Skurikhin, Alexei N [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-01-01

    We present a method for hierarchical image segmentation and feature extraction. This method builds upon the combination of the detection of image spectral discontinuities using Canny edge detection and the image Laplacian, followed by the construction of a hierarchy of segmented images of successively reduced levels of details. These images are represented as sets of polygonized pixel patches (polygons) attributed with spectral and structural characteristics. This hierarchy forms the basis for object-oriented image analysis. To build fine level-of-detail representation of the original image, seed partitions (polygons) are built upon a triangular mesh composed of irregular sized triangles, whose spatial arrangement is adapted to the image content. This is achieved by building the triangular mesh on the top of the detected spectral discontinuities that form a network of constraints for the Delaunay triangulation. A polygonized image is represented as a spatial network in the form of a graph with vertices which correspond to the polygonal partitions and graph edges reflecting pairwise partitions relations. Image graph partitioning is based on the iterative graph oontraction using Boruvka's Minimum Spanning Tree algorithm. An important characteristic of the approach is that the agglomeration of partitions is constrained by the detected spectral discontinuities; thus the shapes of agglomerated partitions are more likely to correspond to the outlines of real-world objects.

  8. The nursing profession: public image, self-concept and professional identity. A discussion paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ten Hoeve, Yvonne; Jansen, Gerard; Roodbol, Petrie

    2014-02-01

    To discuss the actual public image of nurses and other factors that influence the development of nurses' self-concept and professional identity. Nurses have become healthcare professionals in their own right who possess a great deal of knowledge. However, the public does not always value the skills and competences nurses have acquired through education and innovation. Discussion paper. We identified 1216 relevant studies by searching MEDLINE, CINAHL and PsycINFO databases in the period 1997-2010. Finally, 18 studies met our inclusion criteria. The included studies show that the actual public image of nursing is diverse and incongruous. This image is partly self-created by nurses due to their invisibility and their lack of public discourse. Nurses derive their self-concept and professional identity from their public image, work environment, work values, education and traditional social and cultural values. Nurses should work harder to communicate their professionalism to the public. Social media like the Internet and YouTube can be used to show the public what they really do. To improve their public image and to obtain a stronger position in healthcare organizations, nurses need to increase their visibility. This could be realized by ongoing education and a challenging work environment that encourages nurses to stand up for themselves. Furthermore, nurses should make better use of strategic positions, such as case manager, nurse educator or clinical nurse specialist and use their professionalism to show the public what their work really entails. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  9. Images of the Muslim Woman and the Construction of Muslim Identity. The Essentialist Paradigm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elham Manea

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This article argues that much of the postmodern discourse on the Muslim woman and her veil is symptomatic of what I call the “essentialist paradigm”. The world is seen through the prism of a group’s religious/cultural identity and eventually constructs a Muslim identity – and with it an image of the Muslim Woman. The image of the oppressed veiled Muslim Woman and the treatment of a piece of cloth as synonymous with her whole identity and being are products of this paradigm of thought. Using an interdisciplinary approach that combines discourse analysis and a case study of the construction of the British Muslim community, this article argues that the essentialist paradigm ignores the context of its subject matter with all its accompanying power structures, political and social factors, and the roles played by both the state and fundamentalist Islam in constructing a Muslim identity and with it the Muslim Woman and her dress code.

  10. Discussion on public space design in architecture construction%谈建筑中的公共空间设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白梅; 牛凯

    2012-01-01

    通过对几个优秀的公共空间设计实例进行研究,探索其建筑中公共空间的设计思考,分析如何在公共空间中进行"大"的空间建构,使建筑中的公共空间为人们提供交往的场所。%Through the research on a few outstanding public space design example,this paper explored the design thinking of public space in architecture construction,analyzed how to make "big" space architecture in public space,made the public space of architecture construction provide communication places for people.

  11. Image restoration using 2D autoregressive texture model and structure curve construction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voronin, V. V.; Marchuk, V. I.; Petrosov, S. P.; Svirin, I.; Agaian, S.; Egiazarian, K.

    2015-05-01

    In this paper an image inpainting approach based on the construction of a composite curve for the restoration of the edges of objects in an image using the concepts of parametric and geometric continuity is presented. It is shown that this approach allows to restore the curved edges and provide more flexibility for curve design in damaged image by interpolating the boundaries of objects by cubic splines. After edge restoration stage, a texture restoration using 2D autoregressive texture model is carried out. The image intensity is locally modeled by a first spatial autoregressive model with support in a strongly causal prediction region on the plane. Model parameters are estimated by Yule-Walker method. Several examples considered in this paper show the effectiveness of the proposed approach for large objects removal as well as recovery of small regions on several test images.

  12. Multi-Objective Genetic Programming with Redundancy-Regulations for Automatic Construction of Image Feature Extractors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watchareeruetai, Ukrit; Matsumoto, Tetsuya; Takeuchi, Yoshinori; Kudo, Hiroaki; Ohnishi, Noboru

    We propose a new multi-objective genetic programming (MOGP) for automatic construction of image feature extraction programs (FEPs). The proposed method was originated from a well known multi-objective evolutionary algorithm (MOEA), i.e., NSGA-II. The key differences are that redundancy-regulation mechanisms are applied in three main processes of the MOGP, i.e., population truncation, sampling, and offspring generation, to improve population diversity as well as convergence rate. Experimental results indicate that the proposed MOGP-based FEP construction system outperforms the two conventional MOEAs (i.e., NSGA-II and SPEA2) for a test problem. Moreover, we compared the programs constructed by the proposed MOGP with four human-designed object recognition programs. The results show that the constructed programs are better than two human-designed methods and are comparable with the other two human-designed methods for the test problem.

  13. Construction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    Harbor Deepening Project, Jacksonville, FL Palm Valley Bridge Project, Jacksonville, FL Rotary Club of San Juan, San Juan, PR Tren Urbano Subway...David. What is nanotechnology? What are its implications for construction?, Foresight/CRISP Workshop on Nanotechnology, Royal Society of Arts

  14. 7 CFR 1901.205 - Nondiscrimination in construction financed with FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loan or grant. 1901.205 Section 1901.205 Agriculture... construction financed with FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loan or grant. Executive Order... national origin on construction work financed by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law...

  15. Application of Fuzzy Set Theory and SPOT Satellite Images in Site Selection of Public Libraries (Case Study: Saqqez City, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heydar Dashti Nasserabadi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Easy availability to public libraries is one of the main keys in successful presentation of public library services with high quality will be valueless for those have not access to them. Availability to services should be configured in such a way that maximizes easiness and facility for potential and de facto users. In present research the required number of public libraries and establishment situation of public libraries in Saqqez city in Kurdistan province in North West of Iran were investigated and evaluated by using fuzzy set theory and SPOT 5 satellite images in 2009. In addition, optimum regions for generation of new public libraries were distinguished in city area in form of recommended map. Results showed that weighting variables classes were determined between 0-1 (profusion proportion. Fuzzification each one of effective factors using IDRISI software terminated and after was assigned type and shape membership function. Final map of suitable regions for construction of new public libraries in saqqez city area indicates that none of the libraries were situated in suitable regions.

  16. Public Relations Efforts for the Third World: Images in the News.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albritton, Robert B.; Manheim, Jarol B.

    1985-01-01

    Found that, after Argentina, Indonesia, Korea, the Philippines, and Turkey hired U. S. public relations consultants, their news image in the "New York Times" improved in positive coverage and portrayal as more cooperative nations. (PD)

  17. The Public Image of Libraries and Librarians as a Potential Barrier to Rural Access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacDonald, Brad

    1995-01-01

    Examines stereotypes of the librarian as serious barriers to rural information access, and offers strategies for improving the public image of rural libraries and of the people who keep them functioning. (Author/JKP)

  18. 10 CFR 51.105 - Public hearings in proceedings for issuance of construction permits or early site permits...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Public hearings in proceedings for issuance of construction permits or early site permits; limited work authorizations. 51.105 Section 51.105 Energy NUCLEAR... concerning the benefits assessment (e.g., need for power) or alternative energy sources if those issues...

  19. 18 CFR 2.12 - Calculation of taxes for property of public utilities and licensees constructed or acquired after...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Calculation of taxes for property of public utilities and licensees constructed or acquired after January 1, 1970. 2.12 Section 2.12 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT...

  20. The Role of Imagery and Experiences in the Construction of a Tourism Destination Image

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Matos

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the role of imagery and tourism experiences (TEs in the construction of tourism destination image (TDI. It highlights the importance of the construct imagery at all stages of consumption, because of the intangibility that characterizes tourism and services in general. This aspect gains importance since it is impossible for tourists to experience the desired holidays prior to visitation, leading the way for imagery to become an essential element to inspire and to influence them during the decision-making process, and consumption before, during and after the experience. A conceptual model resulting from the literature review and the potential theoretical contribution of the model are discussed.

  1. ORGANIZATIONAL ASPECTS OF FORMATION AND OPERATION OF THE PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP AND PROSPECTS FOR ITS IMPLEMENTATION N THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subbotin Artem Sergeevich

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The authors argue that successful development and implementation of major infrastructural projects require special arrangements between the government authorities and the private sector. The authors have developed their proposals concerning models of interaction and strengths of the above arrangements that apply to the organizational structure of the management of infrastructural projects as a step towards the formation of an advanced and progressive model of interaction between public and private sectors. Public-Private Partnership (PPP is the model in question. Great Britain is the pioneer of the public private partnership model that was later picked up in the USA, Canada, Australia and the EU constituent states. PPP and the construction industry have strong links in terms of the involvement of the private sector in the resolution of public problems of the urban infrastructure, namely, restructuring of airfields, railways, public healthcare facilities, kindergartens, schools, etc.

  2. Green public procurement – legal base and instruments supporting sustainable development in the construction industry in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kozik Renata

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In the respect of value, public procurement in the construction industry belongs to one of the largest ones in the domestic market. Therefore, green procurement for construction works should become the center of attention of public authorities in a broad sense, due to its scale and importance for the sustainable development. The authorities and contracting entities who spend public money should have the opportunity to apply such legal articles and instruments that allow them to both optimize public expenditures and consider the environmental factor, such as decreasing carbon emission. To make the idea of sustainable development a reality as European Union’s the most vital aim, EU law is implemented in Poland. Local authorities’ duty is to appropriately shape their policies and use the vital instrument of sustainable development, namely green public procurement. This paper presents a comparative analysis of legal regulations to illustrate the actual Polish and EU laws concerning the construction industry. Even though the generally applicable law allows to implement the idea of sustainable development efficiently, local self-government units in their regional policies do not report any need for specific solutions, or they do so only occasionally.

  3. Combining Constraint Types From Public Data in Aerial Image Segmentation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Thomas Stig; Jensen, Jacob Jon; Jensen, Daniel Rune

    2013-01-01

    detect the number of clusters using the elongated K-means algorithm instead of using the standard spectral clustering approach of a predefined number of clusters. The results are refined by filtering out noise with a binary morphological operator. Point data is used for semi-supervised labelling......We introduce a method for image segmentation that constraints the clustering with map and point data. The method is showcased by applying the spectral clustering algorithm on aerial images for building detection with constraints built from a height map and address point data. We automatically...

  4. The Influence of Negative Newspaper Publicity on Corporate Image in the Netherlands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renkema, Jan; Hoeken, Hans

    1998-01-01

    Contributes to scholarship on the effects of negative publicity. Notes that the Dutch equivalent of the District Attorney's Office actively spreads information about its suspicions of illegal behavior which are published by newspapers. Finds that corporate image was seriously damaged by negative publicity, and the more categorical the accusations…

  5. The nursing profession : public image, self-concept and professional identity. A discussion paper

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ten Hoeve, Yvonne; Jansen, Gerard; Roodbol, Petrie

    2014-01-01

    Aim To discuss the actual public image of nurses and other factors that influence the development of nurses' self-concept and professional identity. Background Nurses have become healthcare professionals in their own right who possess a great deal of knowledge. However, the public does not always va

  6. The nursing profession: public image, self-concept and professional identity : a discussion paper

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoeve, Yvonne ten; Jansen, Gerard; Roodbol, Petrie

    2013-01-01

    Aim. To discuss the actual public image of nurses and other factors that influence the development of nurses’ self-concept and professional identity. Background. Nurses have become healthcare professionals in their own right who possess a great deal of knowledge. However, the public does not always

  7. The nursing profession: public image, self-concept and professional identity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yvonne ten Hoeve; Prof. Dr. Petrie F. Roodbol; Gerard Jansen

    2013-01-01

    Aim. To discuss the actual public image of nurses and other factors that influence the development of nurses’ self-concept and professional identity. Background. Nurses have become healthcare professionals in their own right who possess a great deal of knowledge. However, the public does not always

  8. The nursing profession : public image, self-concept and professional identity. A discussion paper

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ten Hoeve, Yvonne; Jansen, Gerard; Roodbol, Petrie

    Aim To discuss the actual public image of nurses and other factors that influence the development of nurses' self-concept and professional identity. Background Nurses have become healthcare professionals in their own right who possess a great deal of knowledge. However, the public does not always

  9. Matching suitable feature construction for SAR images based on evolutionary synthesis strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bu Yanlong; Tang Geshi; Liu Hongfu; Pan Liang

    2013-01-01

    In the paper, a set of algorithms to construct synthetic aperture radar (SAR) matching suitable features are firstly proposed based on the evolutionary synthesis strategy. During the pro-cess, on the one hand, the indexes of primary matching suitable features (PMSFs) are designed based on the characteristics of image texture, SAR imaging and SAR matching algorithm, which is a process involving expertise;on the other hand, by designing a synthesized operation expression tree based on PMSFs, a much more flexible expression form of synthesized features is built, which greatly expands the construction space. Then, the genetic algorithm-based optimized searching process is employed to search the synthesized matching suitable feature (SMSF) with the highest efficiency, largely improving the optimized searching efficiency. In addition, the experimental results of the airborne synthetic aperture radar ortho-images of C-band and P-band show that the SMSFs gained via the algorithms can reflect the matching suitability of SAR images accurately and the matching probabilities of selected matching suitable areas of ortho-images could reach 99 ± 0.5%.

  10. Construction of a physical phantom for quality control of digital radiography images

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, Tayline T.; Azevedo, Priscila F.B. de; Vieira, Jose Wilson, E-mail: taylinetyene@hotmail.com, E-mail: priscilafbrasil@yahoo.com.br [Instituto Federal de Educacao, Ciencia e Tecnologia de Pernambuco (IFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil); Oliveira, Alex C.H. de; Lima, Fernando R. Andrade, E-mail: falima@cnen.gov.br [Centro Regional de Ciencias Nucleares do Nordeste (CRCN-NE/CNEN-PE), Recife, PE (Brazil)

    2014-07-01

    The advancement of technology in recent years has the production of increasingly sophisticated devices, in order thus to obtain medical images with high technical level and also facilitate the operation of the equipment. The phantoms were created to ensure a more accurate diagnosis with the minimum dose without exposing patients. Also, to obtain data and verify the performance of a radiography system with a view to ensuring the quality control standards. The objective of this paper is to present and validate a methodology for the construction of a phantom for the control of digital quality radiographic image. (author)

  11. Transmitting Musical Images: Using Music to Teach Public Speaking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Steven D.; Wei, Thomas E.

    2010-01-01

    Oral communication courses traditionally help students identify the proper arrangement of words to convey particular images. Although instructors emphasize the importance of speaking powerfully, they often struggle to find effective ways to teach their students "how" to deliver a message that resonates with the audience. Given the clear importance…

  12. Universal Molecular Scaffold for Facile Construction of Multivalent and Multimodal Imaging Probes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gai, Yongkang; Xiang, Guangya; Ma, Xiang; Hui, Wenqi; Ouyang, Qin; Sun, Lingyi; Ding, Jiule; Sheng, Jing; Zeng, Dexing

    2016-03-16

    Multivalent and multimodal imaging probes are rapidly emerging as powerful chemical tools for visualizing various biochemical processes. Herein, we described a bifunctional chelator (BFC)-based scaffold that can be used to construct such promising probes concisely. Compared to other reported similar scaffolds, this new BFC scaffold demonstrated two major advantages: (1) significantly simplified synthesis due to the use of this new BFC that can serve as chelator and linker simultaneously; (2) highly efficient synthesis rendered by using either click chemistry and/or total solid-phase synthesis. In addition, the versatile utility of this molecular scaffold has been demonstrated by constructing several multivalent/multimodal imaging probes labeled with various radioisotopes, and the resulting radiotracers demonstrated substantially improved in vivo performance compared to the two individual monomeric counterparts.

  13. Corporate Imaging: Teaching Communication Strategies for Reaching Internal and External Publics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaulard, Joan Marie

    A corporation's image is a powerful persuasive tool for reaching external publics such as competitors, regulators, and prospective employees. Corporations should avoid disparities between the actual and the desired image, as well as disparities between the external perception and the internal perception of employees. A course was developed at…

  14. AUTOMATED CONSTRUCTION OF COVERAGE CATALOGUES OF ASTER SATELLITE IMAGE FOR URBAN AREAS OF THE WORLD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Miyazaki

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available We developed an algorithm to determine a combination of satellite images according to observation extent and image quality. The algorithm was for testing necessity for completing coverage of the search extent. The tests excluded unnecessary images with low quality and preserve necessary images with good quality. The search conditions of the satellite images could be extended, indicating the catalogue could be constructed with specified periods required for time series analysis. We applied the method to a database of metadata of ASTER satellite images archived in GEO Grid of National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST, Japan. As indexes of populated places with geographical coordinates, we used a database of 3372 populated place of more than 0.1 million populations retrieved from GRUMP Settlement Points, a global gazetteer of cities, which has geographical names of populated places associated with geographical coordinates and population data. From the coordinates of populated places, 3372 extents were generated with radiuses of 30 km, a half of swath of ASTER satellite images. By merging extents overlapping each other, they were assembled into 2214 extents. As a result, we acquired combinations of good quality for 1244 extents, those of low quality for 96 extents, incomplete combinations for 611 extents. Further improvements would be expected by introducing pixel-based cloud assessment and pixel value correction over seasonal variations.

  15. A Midas Plugin to Enable Construction of Reproducible Web-based Image Processing Pipelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael eGrauer

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Image processing is an important quantitative technique for neuroscience researchers, but difficult for those who lack experience in the field. In this paper we present a web-based platform that allows an expert to create a brain image processing pipeline, enabling execution of that pipeline even by those biomedical researchers with limited image processing knowledge. These tools are implemented as a plugin for Midas, an open-source toolkit for creating web based scientific data storage and processing platforms. Using this plugin, an image processing expert can construct a pipeline, create a web-based UI, manage jobs, and visualize intermediate results. Pipelines are executed on a grid computing platform using BatchMake and HTCondor. This represents a new capability for biomedical researchers and offers an innovative platform for scientific collaboration. Current tools work well, but can be inaccessible for those lacking image processing expertise. Using this plugin, researchers in collaboration with image processing experts can create workflows with reasonable default settings and streamlined user interfaces, and data can be processed easily from a lab environment without the need for a powerful desktop computer. This platform allows simplified troubleshooting, centralized maintenance, and easy data sharing with collaborators. These capabilities enable reproducible science by sharing datasets and processing pipelines between collaborators. In this paper, we present a description of this innovative Midas plugin, along with results obtained from building and executing several ITK based image processing workflows for diffusion weighted MRI (DW MRI of rodent brain images, as well as recommendations for building automated image processing pipelines. Although the particular image processing pipelines developed were focused on rodent brain MRI, the presented plugin can be used to support any executable or script-based pipeline.

  16. Justifying molecular images in cell biology textbooks: From constructions to primary data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serpente, Norberto

    2016-02-01

    For scientific claims to be reliable and productive they have to be justified. However, on the one hand little is known on what justification precisely means to scientists, and on the other the position held by philosophers of science on what it entails is rather limited; for justifications customarily refer to the written form (textual expressions) of scientific claims, leaving aside images, which, as many cases from the history of science show are relevant to this process. The fact that images can visually express scientific claims independently from text, plus their vast variety and origins, requires an assessment of the way they are currently justified and in turn used as sources to justify scientific claims in the case of particular scientific fields. Similarly, in view of the different nature of images, analysis is required to determine on what side of the philosophical distinction between data and phenomena these different kinds of images fall. This paper historicizes and documents a particular aspect of contemporary life sciences research: the use of the molecular image as vehicle of knowledge production in cell studies, a field that has undergone a significant shift in visual expressions from the early 1980s onwards. Focussing on textbooks as sources that have been overlooked in the historiography of contemporary biomedicine, the aim is to explore (1) whether the shift of cell studies, entailing a superseding of the optical image traditionally conceptualised as primary data, by the molecular image, corresponds with a shift of justificatory practices, and (2) to assess the role of the molecular image as primary data. This paper also explores the dual role of images as teaching resources and as resources for the construction of knowledge in cell studies especially in its relation to discovery and justification. Finally, this paper seeks to stimulate reflection on what kind of archival resources could benefit the work of present and future epistemic

  17. A midas plugin to enable construction of reproducible web-based image processing pipelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grauer, Michael; Reynolds, Patrick; Hoogstoel, Marion; Budin, Francois; Styner, Martin A; Oguz, Ipek

    2013-01-01

    Image processing is an important quantitative technique for neuroscience researchers, but difficult for those who lack experience in the field. In this paper we present a web-based platform that allows an expert to create a brain image processing pipeline, enabling execution of that pipeline even by those biomedical researchers with limited image processing knowledge. These tools are implemented as a plugin for Midas, an open-source toolkit for creating web based scientific data storage and processing platforms. Using this plugin, an image processing expert can construct a pipeline, create a web-based User Interface, manage jobs, and visualize intermediate results. Pipelines are executed on a grid computing platform using BatchMake and HTCondor. This represents a new capability for biomedical researchers and offers an innovative platform for scientific collaboration. Current tools work well, but can be inaccessible for those lacking image processing expertise. Using this plugin, researchers in collaboration with image processing experts can create workflows with reasonable default settings and streamlined user interfaces, and data can be processed easily from a lab environment without the need for a powerful desktop computer. This platform allows simplified troubleshooting, centralized maintenance, and easy data sharing with collaborators. These capabilities enable reproducible science by sharing datasets and processing pipelines between collaborators. In this paper, we present a description of this innovative Midas plugin, along with results obtained from building and executing several ITK based image processing workflows for diffusion weighted MRI (DW MRI) of rodent brain images, as well as recommendations for building automated image processing pipelines. Although the particular image processing pipelines developed were focused on rodent brain MRI, the presented plugin can be used to support any executable or script-based pipeline.

  18. Preschool science learning: The construction of representations and explanations about color, shadows, light and images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LETICIA GALLEGOS-CÁZARES

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The present work shows the construction that preschool students can make about conceptions of color, light, formation of shadows and images in a plane mirror, with the application of a didactic proposal (EduCienPre in which didactic sequences and materials are developed and which can be introduced to a classroom under normal conditions. The characteristics of the didactic proposal are described and preschoolers conceptual constructions are analyzed as a function of their explanations and representations. Analysis of children’s actions in diverse physical situations offers deeper elements for understanding the construction of representations and scientific notions which could be reflected in a more adequate teaching of the sciences for small children.

  19. Utilizing Chinese high-resolution satellite images for inspection of unauthorized constructions in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI DeRen; WANG Mi; HU Fen

    2009-01-01

    After Beijing wins the bit to host the 29th Olympic Games, in order to manifest the technical support advantages and capabilities of the autonomously-developed RS and GIS based change detection techniques in 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, and from the standpoints of executing new city planning, relieving the traffic congestion as well as maintaining the historic features, an automatic satellite monitoring system has been studied and established to accomplish the mission of unauthorized construction inspection within the Sixth Ring Road of Beijing city quarterly, by adopting the CBERS-2 satellite images and combining technologies of GIS, GPS, etc. This article discusses the applicable procedures and key issues when utilizing such Chinese satellite images and relevant techniques to discover the illegal constructions, and introduces the monitoring system from both the design and implementation aspects; additionally, some typical application cases in the practice of the system are also illustrated. The monitoring system can timely supply abundant information to facilitate the policy-making of relevant planning departments, thus providing consolidate technical support to eliminate the illegal constructing behaviors in the blossom. During the five years' excellent performance, it has helped China save large amounts of expenditures for processing of unauthorized constructed buildings.

  20. Virtual reality system for treatment of the fear of public speaking using image-based rendering and moving pictures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jae M; Ku, Jeong H; Jang, Dong P; Kim, Dong H; Choi, Young H; Kim, In Y; Kim, Sun I

    2002-06-01

    The fear of speaking is often cited as the world's most common social phobia. The rapid growth of computer technology enabled us to use virtual reality (VR) for the treatment of the fear of public speaking. There have been two techniques used to construct a virtual environment for the treatment of the fear of public speaking: model-based and movie-based. Virtual audiences and virtual environments made by model-based technique are unrealistic and unnatural. The movie-based technique has a disadvantage in that each virtual audience cannot be controlled respectively, because all virtual audiences are included in one moving picture file. To address this disadvantage, this paper presents a virtual environment made by using image-based rendering (IBR) and chroma keying simultaneously. IBR enables us to make the virtual environment realistic because the images are stitched panoramically with the photos taken from a digital camera. And the use of chroma keying allows a virtual audience to be controlled individually. In addition, a real-time capture technique was applied in constructing the virtual environment to give the subjects more interaction, in that they can talk with a therapist or another subject.

  1. Pipeline Processing at the Isaac Newton Group: Using ``Live" Images for Public Understanding of Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greimel, Robert; Mendez, Javier; Skillen, Ian; Lennon, D. J.; Walton, Nick A.

    The Isaac Newton Group of Telescopes is currently implementing both optical and near-infrared data reduction pipelines for its imaging cameras. For quality control purposes the quicklook pipelines generate postage stamp and full size images (in jpeg format) of all reduced data frames, which can easily be accessed through a web interface. For spectroscopic instruments only the raw data frames are converted into jpeg images. In this poster we show how these images, combined with automated access to the scheduling information and current weather and observing conditions, can be used as input to form near real time web pages for public relations purposes. To enhance the usefulness of this service, a description of the observing project, accessible to the general public, is requested from the observer. Possible use of such a service for planetariums and museums is discussed. This will provide a valuable means for disseminating the dynamic nature of the observatory to the wider public.

  2. Construction of In Vivo Fluorescent Imaging of Echinococcus granulosus in a Mouse Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Sibo; Yang, Tao; Zhang, Xuyong; Xia, Jie; Guo, Jun; Wang, Xiaoyi; Hou, Jixue; Zhang, Hongwei; Chen, Xueling; Wu, Xiangwei

    2016-01-01

    Human hydatid disease (cystic echinococcosis, CE) is a chronic parasitic infection caused by the larval stage of the cestode Echinococcus granulosus. As the disease mainly affects the liver, approximately 70% of all identified CE cases are detected in this organ. Optical molecular imaging (OMI), a noninvasive imaging technique, has never been used in vivo with the specific molecular markers of CE. Thus, we aimed to construct an in vivo fluorescent imaging mouse model of CE to locate and quantify the presence of the parasites within the liver noninvasively. Drug-treated protoscolices were monitored after marking by JC-1 dye in in vitro and in vivo studies. This work describes for the first time the successful construction of an in vivo model of E. granulosus in a small living experimental animal to achieve dynamic monitoring and observation of multiple time points of the infection course. Using this model, we quantified and analyzed labeled protoscolices based on the intensities of their red and green fluorescence. Interestingly, the ratio of red to green fluorescence intensity not only revealed the location of protoscolices but also determined the viability of the parasites in vivo and in vivo tests. The noninvasive imaging model proposed in this work will be further studied for long-term detection and observation and may potentially be widely utilized in susceptibility testing and therapeutic effect evaluation. PMID:27417083

  3. Construction of In Vivo Fluorescent Imaging of Echinococcus granulosus in a Mouse Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Sibo; Yang, Tao; Zhang, Xuyong; Xia, Jie; Guo, Jun; Wang, Xiaoyi; Hou, Jixue; Zhang, Hongwei; Chen, Xueling; Wu, Xiangwei

    2016-06-01

    Human hydatid disease (cystic echinococcosis, CE) is a chronic parasitic infection caused by the larval stage of the cestode Echinococcus granulosus. As the disease mainly affects the liver, approximately 70% of all identified CE cases are detected in this organ. Optical molecular imaging (OMI), a noninvasive imaging technique, has never been used in vivo with the specific molecular markers of CE. Thus, we aimed to construct an in vivo fluorescent imaging mouse model of CE to locate and quantify the presence of the parasites within the liver noninvasively. Drug-treated protoscolices were monitored after marking by JC-1 dye in in vitro and in vivo studies. This work describes for the first time the successful construction of an in vivo model of E. granulosus in a small living experimental animal to achieve dynamic monitoring and observation of multiple time points of the infection course. Using this model, we quantified and analyzed labeled protoscolices based on the intensities of their red and green fluorescence. Interestingly, the ratio of red to green fluorescence intensity not only revealed the location of protoscolices but also determined the viability of the parasites in vivo and in vivo tests. The noninvasive imaging model proposed in this work will be further studied for long-term detection and observation and may potentially be widely utilized in susceptibility testing and therapeutic effect evaluation.

  4. AFREET: HUMAN-INSPIRED SPATIO-SPECTRAL FEATURE CONSTRUCTION FOR IMAGE CLASSIFICATION WITH SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    S. PERKINS; N. HARVEY

    2001-02-01

    The authors examine the task of pixel-by-pixel classification of the multispectral and grayscale images typically found in remote-sensing and medical applications. Simple machine learning techniques have long been applied to remote-sensed image classification, but almost always using purely spectral information about each pixel. Humans can often outperform these systems, and make extensive use of spatial context to make classification decisions. They present AFREET: an SVM-based learning system which attempts to automatically construct and refine spatio-spectral features in a somewhat human-inspired fashion. Comparisons with traditionally used machine learning techniques show that AFREET achieves significantly higher performance. The use of spatial context is particularly useful for medical imagery, where multispectral images are still rare.

  5. Blind subjects construct conscious mental images of visual scenes encoded in musical form.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cronly-Dillon, J; Persaud, K C; Blore, R

    2000-11-01

    Blind (previously sighted) subjects are able to analyse, describe and graphically represent a number of high-contrast visual images translated into musical form de novo. We presented musical transforms of a random assortment of photographic images of objects and urban scenes to such subjects, a few of which depicted architectural and other landmarks that may be useful in navigating a route to a particular destination. Our blind subjects were able to use the sound representation to construct a conscious mental image that was revealed by their ability to depict a visual target by drawing it. We noted the similarity between the way the visual system integrates information from successive fixations to form a representation that is stable across eye movements and the way a succession of image frames (encoded in sound) which depict different portions of the image are integrated to form a seamless mental image. Finally, we discuss the profound resemblance between the way a professional musician carries out a structural analysis of a musical composition in order to relate its structure to the perception of musical form and the strategies used by our blind subjects in isolating structural features that collectively reveal the identity of visual form.

  6. Construction of realistic phantoms from patient images and a commercial three-dimensional printer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leng, Shuai; Chen, Baiyu; Vrieze, Thomas; Kuhlmann, Joel; Yu, Lifeng; Alexander, Amy; Matsumoto, Jane; Morris, Jonathan; McCollough, Cynthia H

    2016-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to use three-dimensional (3-D) printing techniques to construct liver and brain phantoms having realistic pathologies, anatomic structures, and heterogeneous backgrounds. Patient liver and head computed tomography (CT) images were segmented into tissue, vessels, liver lesion, white and gray matter, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Stereolithography files of each object were created and imported into a commercial 3-D printer. Printing materials were assigned to each object after test scans, which showed that the printing materials had CT numbers ranging from 70 to 121 HU at 120 kV. Printed phantoms were scanned on a CT scanner and images were evaluated. CT images of the liver phantom had measured CT numbers of 77.8 and 96.6 HU for the lesion and background, and 137.5 to 428.4 HU for the vessels channels, which were filled with iodine solutions. The difference in CT numbers between lesions and background (18.8 HU) was representative of the low-contrast values needed for optimization tasks. The liver phantom background was evaluated with Haralick features and showed similar texture between patient and phantom images. CT images of the brain phantom had CT numbers of 125, 134, and 108 HU for white matter, gray matter, and CSF, respectively. The CT number differences were similar to those in patient images.

  7. Evaluation of Acquisition Strategies for Image-Based Construction Site Monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuttas, S.; Braun, A.; Borrmann, A.; Stilla, U.

    2016-06-01

    Construction site monitoring is an essential task for keeping track of the ongoing construction work and providing up-to-date information for a Building Information Model (BIM). The BIM contains the as-planned states (geometry, schedule, costs, ...) of a construction project. For updating, the as-built state has to be acquired repeatedly and compared to the as-planned state. In the approach presented here, a 3D representation of the as-built state is calculated from photogrammetric images using multi-view stereo reconstruction. On construction sites one has to cope with several difficulties like security aspects, limited accessibility, occlusions or construction activity. Different acquisition strategies and techniques, namely (i) terrestrial acquisition with a hand-held camera, (ii) aerial acquisition using a Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) and (iii) acquisition using a fixed stereo camera pair at the boom of the crane, are tested on three test sites. They are assessed considering the special needs for the monitoring tasks and limitations on construction sites. The three scenarios are evaluated based on the ability of automation, the required effort for acquisition, the necessary equipment and its maintaining, disturbance of the construction works, and on the accuracy and completeness of the resulting point clouds. Based on the experiences during the test cases the following conclusions can be drawn: Terrestrial acquisition has the lowest requirements on the device setup but lacks on automation and coverage. The crane camera shows the lowest flexibility but the highest grade of automation. The UAV approach can provide the best coverage by combining nadir and oblique views, but can be limited by obstacles and security aspects. The accuracy of the point clouds is evaluated based on plane fitting of selected building parts. The RMS errors of the fitted parts range from 1 to a few cm for the UAV and the hand-held scenario. First results show that the crane camera

  8. Construction of realistic liver phantoms from patient images using 3D printer and its application in CT image quality assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leng, Shuai; Yu, Lifeng; Vrieze, Thomas; Kuhlmann, Joel; Chen, Baiyu; McCollough, Cynthia H.

    2015-03-01

    The purpose of this study is to use 3D printing techniques to construct a realistic liver phantom with heterogeneous background and anatomic structures from patient CT images, and to use the phantom to assess image quality with filtered back-projection and iterative reconstruction algorithms. Patient CT images were segmented into liver tissues, contrast-enhanced vessels, and liver lesions using commercial software, based on which stereolithography (STL) files were created and sent to a commercial 3D printer. A 3D liver phantom was printed after assigning different printing materials to each object to simulate appropriate attenuation of each segmented object. As high opacity materials are not available for the printer, we printed hollow vessels and filled them with iodine solutions of adjusted concentration to represent enhance levels in contrast-enhanced liver scans. The printed phantom was then placed in a 35×26 cm oblong-shaped water phantom and scanned repeatedly at 4 dose levels. Images were reconstructed using standard filtered back-projection and an iterative reconstruction algorithm with 3 different strength settings. Heterogeneous liver background were observed from the CT images and the difference in CT numbers between lesions and background were representative for low contrast lesions in liver CT studies. CT numbers in vessels filled with iodine solutions represented the enhancement of liver arteries and veins. Images were run through a Channelized Hotelling model observer with Garbor channels and ROC analysis was performed. The AUC values showed performance improvement using the iterative reconstruction algorithm and the amount of improvement increased with strength setting.

  9. Construction of Realistic Liver Phantoms from Patient Images using 3D Printer and Its Application in CT Image Quality Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leng, Shuai; Yu, Lifeng; Vrieze, Thomas; Kuhlmann, Joel; Chen, Baiyu; McCollough, Cynthia H

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to use 3D printing techniques to construct a realistic liver phantom with heterogeneous background and anatomic structures from patient CT images, and to use the phantom to assess image quality with filtered backprojection and iterative reconstruction algorithms. Patient CT images were segmented into liver tissues, contrast-enhanced vessels, and liver lesions using commercial software, based on which stereolithography (STL) files were created and sent to a commercial 3D printer. A 3D liver phantom was printed after assigning different printing materials to each object to simulate appropriate attenuation of each segmented object. As high opacity materials are not available for the printer, we printed hollow vessels and filled them with iodine solutions of adjusted concentration to represent enhance levels in contrast-enhanced liver scans. The printed phantom was then placed in a 35×26 cm oblong-shaped water phantom and scanned repeatedly at 4 dose levels. Images were reconstructed using standard filtered backprojection and an iterative reconstruction algorithm with 3 different strength settings. Heterogeneous liver background were observed from the CT images and the difference in CT numbers between lesions and background were representative for low contrast lesions in liver CT studies. CT numbers in vessels filled with iodine solutions represented the enhancement of liver arteries and veins. Images were run through a Channelized Hotelling model observer with Garbor channels and ROC analysis was performed. The AUC values showed performance improvement using the iterative reconstruction algorithm and the amount of improvement increased with strength setting.

  10. Public-private partnerships for long-term success. Implementation of public construction projects in public-private partnerships; Mit PPP zu nachhaltigem Erfolg. Partnerschaftliche Realisierung oeffentlicher Bauaufgaben

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simsch, Gerd; Glock, Christian; Herzog, Kati [Bilfinger Berger Hochbau GmbH, Frankfurt (Germany); Prein, Sascha [bauperformance GmbH, Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

    2009-07-01

    Public private partnerships necessitate a comprehensive life cycle assessment, which makes them increasingly important as models of sustainability for public building owners. This is proved by the advantages in terms of efficiency and by the fact that two PPP projects received an award (''Guetesiegel nachhaltiges Bauen''). (orig.)

  11. Public foetal images and the regulation of middle-class pregnancy in the online media: a view from South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macleod, Catriona; Howell, Simon

    2015-01-01

    Ultrasonography images and their derivatives have been taken up in a range of 'public' spaces, including medical textbooks, the media, anti-abortion material, advertising, the Internet and public health facilities. Feminists have critiqued the personification of the foetus, the bifurcation of the woman's body and the reduction of the pregnant woman to a disembodied womb. What has received less attention is how these images frequently intersect with race, class, gender and heteronormativity in the creation of idealised and normative understandings of pregnancy. This paper focuses on the discursive positioning of pregnant women as 'mothers' and foetuses as 'babies' in online media targeted at a South African audience, where race and class continue to intersect in complex ways. We show how the ontologically specific understandings of 'mummies' and 'babies' emerge through the use of foetal images to construct specific understandings of the 'ideal' pregnancy. In the process, pregnant women are made responsible for ensuring that their pregnancy conforms to these ideals, which includes the purchasing of the various goods advertised by the websites. Not only does this point to a commodification of pregnancy, but also serves to reinforce a cultural understanding of White, middle-class pregnancy as constituting the normative 'correct' form of pregnancy.

  12. Validation of White-Matter Lesion Change Detection Methods on a Novel Publicly Available MRI Image Database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lesjak, Žiga; Pernuš, Franjo; Likar, Boštjan; Špiclin, Žiga

    2016-10-01

    Changes of white-matter lesions (WMLs) are good predictors of the progression of neurodegenerative diseases like multiple sclerosis (MS). Based on longitudinal magnetic resonance (MR) imaging the changes can be monitored, while the need for their accurate and reliable quantification led to the development of several automated MR image analysis methods. However, an objective comparison of the methods is difficult, because publicly unavailable validation datasets with ground truth and different sets of performance metrics were used. In this study, we acquired longitudinal MR datasets of 20 MS patients, in which brain regions were extracted, spatially aligned and intensity normalized. Two expert raters then delineated and jointly revised the WML changes on subtracted baseline and follow-up MR images to obtain ground truth WML segmentations. The main contribution of this paper is an objective, quantitative and systematic evaluation of two unsupervised and one supervised intensity based change detection method on the publicly available datasets with ground truth segmentations, using common pre- and post-processing steps and common evaluation metrics. Besides, different combinations of the two main steps of the studied change detection methods, i.e. dissimilarity map construction and its segmentation, were tested to identify the best performing combination.

  13. Construction and interpretation of a digital inertia image. [of Pisgah Crater and Lavic Lake in Southern California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillespie, A. R.; Kahle, A. B.

    1977-01-01

    An image representing the thermal inertia in the vicinity of Pisgah Crater and Lavic Lake in Southern California has been generated from visible, near IR, and thermal images taken from aircraft. Construction of the thermal inertia image required radiometric calibration and geometric rectification of the acquired images as well as registration to a topographic map. The Kahle thermal model used in the construction of the thermal inertia image requires specification of albedo, topographic slope and slope azimuth, diurnal temperature range and local meteorological conditions. Albedo information was derived from the visible image; digital topographic information was computed from digitized stereo aerial photographs; and thermal ranges were calculated by subtracting the predawn from the afternoon thermal image data. Our computed values of thermal inertia were in close agreement with published values for similar surface materials. Thermal inertia provides complementary information to conventional images of reflected solar radiation for use in lithologic mapping.

  14. Label free cell tracking in 3D tissue engineering constructs with high resolution imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, W. A.; Lam, K.-P.; Dempsey, K. P.; Mazzocchi-Jones, D.; Richardson, J. B.; Yang, Y.

    2014-02-01

    Within the field of tissue engineering there is an emphasis on studying 3-D live tissue structures. Consequently, to investigate and identify cellular activities and phenotypes in a 3-D environment for all in vitro experiments, including shape, migration/proliferation and axon projection, it is necessary to adopt an optical imaging system that enables monitoring 3-D cellular activities and morphology through the thickness of the construct for an extended culture period without cell labeling. This paper describes a new 3-D tracking algorithm developed for Cell-IQ®, an automated cell imaging platform, which has been equipped with an environmental chamber optimized to enable capturing time-lapse sequences of live cell images over a long-term period without cell labeling. As an integral part of the algorithm, a novel auto-focusing procedure was developed for phase contrast microscopy equipped with 20x and 40x objectives, to provide a more accurate estimation of cell growth/trajectories by allowing 3-D voxels to be computed at high spatiotemporal resolution and cell density. A pilot study was carried out in a phantom system consisting of horizontally aligned nanofiber layers (with precise spacing between them), to mimic features well exemplified in cellular activities of neuronal growth in a 3-D environment. This was followed by detailed investigations concerning axonal projections and dendritic circuitry formation in a 3-D tissue engineering construct. Preliminary work on primary animal neuronal cells in response to chemoattractant and topographic cue within the scaffolds has produced encouraging results.

  15. Application of VPN Technique in the Construction of Public Health Information System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Data communication and sharing of five level network of Public Health Information System, i.e. nation, province, district (city), county, and town, as far as to the countryside level were described, and how to apply the three solutions, i. e. Access VPN, Intranet VPN, and Extranet VPN of VPN technique to achieve the appropriation of the public network was also presented.

  16. Application of VPN technique in the construction of public health information system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Xianming; Deng, Yongzhi; Lu, Zhuxun; Li, Shukai; Wang, Guoping; Lu, Suqin

    2005-01-01

    Data communication and sharing of five level network of Public Health Information System, i.e. nation, province, district (city), county, and town, as far as to the countryside level were described, and how to apply the three solutions, i.e. Access VPN, Intranet VPN, and Extranet VPN of VPN technique to achieve the appropriation of the public network was also presented.

  17. Constructing Virtual Forest Scenes for Assessment of Sub-pixel Vegetation Structure From Imaging Spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerace, A. D.; Yao, W.; van Aardt, J. A.; Romanczyk, P.; Kelbe, D.; van Leeuwen, M.; Kampe, T. U.

    2015-12-01

    Assessment of vegetation structure via remote sensing modalities has a long history for a range of sensor platforms. Imaging spectroscopy, while often used for biochemical measurements, also applies to structural assessment in that the Hyperspectral Infrared Imager (HyspIRI), for instance, will provide an opportunity to monitor the global ecosystem. Establishing the linkage between HyspIRI data and sub-pixel vegetation structural variation therefore is of keen interest to the remote sensing and ecology communities. NASA's AVIRIS-C was used to collect airborne data during the 2013-2015 time frame, while ground truth data were limited to 2013 due to time-consuming and labor-intensive nature of field data collection. We augmented the available field data with a first-principles, physics-based simulation approach to refine our field efforts and to maintain larger control over within-pixel variation and associated assessments. Three virtual scenes were constructed for the study, corresponding to the actual vegetation structure of the NEON's Pacific Southwest site (Fresno, CA). They presented three typical forest types: oak savanna, dense coniferous forest, and conifer manzanita mixed forest. Airborne spectrometer and a field leaf area index sensor were simulated over these scenes using the Digital Imaging and Remote Sensing Image Generation (DIRSIG) Model, a synthetic image generation model. After verifying the geometrical parameters and physical model with those replicative senses, more scenes could be constructed by changing one or more vegetation structural parameters, such as forest density, tree species, size, location, and within-pixel distribution. We constructed regression models of leaf area index (LAI, R2=0.92) and forest density(R2=0.97) with narrow-band vegetation indices through simulation. Those models can be used to improve the HyspIRI's suitability for consistent global vegetation structural assessments. The virtual scene and model can also be used in

  18. Construction of Civil and Public Facilities of Chinese Cities in 2006

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>In 2006, by adopting the Scientific View of Development to guide the urban con-struction, the municipal governments of different levels in China continued to carry out the policies and measures issued by the Central Government con-

  19. Construction of a policy arena: the case of public health in France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergeron, Henri; Nathanson, Constance A

    2012-02-01

    In this article we examine the transformation over the past two decades of public health as a policy arena in France from a backwater of little interest to politicians, bureaucrats, the media, and the public into a central preoccupation of the state. Recent dramatic health crises (the scandal over HIV-contaminated blood, mad cow disease, etc.) have substantially raised the political profile of (and corresponding state investment in) public health in France, offering opportunities and incentives for political actors not traditionally associated with public health to enter the field and challenging more traditional actors to galvanize themselves and compete for this newly attractive policy terrain. We use the occasion of the passage of a public health law in 2004, labeled by its proponents as the "first" public health law in one hundred years, to show how, in a context of national struggle to contain both risks and costs, "public health" -- chameleonlike -- has taken on various meanings and forms to serve highly conflicting political interests.

  20. Construction of a Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM) Detector for Medical Imaging

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    A prototype Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM) detector is under construction for medical imaging purposes. A single thick GEM of size 10x10 cm^2 is assembled inside a square shaped air-tight box which is made of Perspex glass. In order to ionize gas inside the drift field two types of voltage supplier circuits were fabricated, and array of 2x4 pads of each size 4x8 mm^2 were utilized for collecting avalanche charges. Preliminary testing results show that the circuit which produces high voltage an...

  1. Challenges in automatic sorting of construction and demolition waste by hyperspectral imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hollstein, Frank; Cacho, Íñigo; Arnaiz, Sixto; Wohllebe, Markus

    2016-05-01

    EU-28 countries currently generate 460 Mt/year of construction and demolition waste (C&DW) and the generation rate is expected to reach around 570 Mt/year between 2025 and 2030. There is great potential for recycling C&DW materials since they are massively produced and content valuable resources. But new C&DW is more complex than existing one and there is a need for shifting from traditional recycling approaches to novel recycling solutions. One basic step to achieve this objective is an improvement in (automatic) sorting technology. Hyperspectral Imaging is a promising candidate to support the process. However, the industrial distribution of Hyperspectral Imaging in the C&DW recycling branch is currently insufficiently pronounced due to high investment costs, still insufficient robustness of optical sensor hardware in harsh ambient conditions and, because of the need of sensor fusion, not well-engineered special software methods to perform the (on line) sorting tasks. Thereby frame rates of over 300 Hz are needed for a successful sorting result. Currently the biggest challenges with regard to C&DW detection cover the need of overlapping VIS, NIR and SWIR hyperspectral images in time and space, in particular for selective recognition of contaminated particles. In the study on hand a new approach for hyperspectral imagers is presented by exploiting SWIR hyperspectral information in real time (with 300 Hz). The contribution describes both laboratory results with regard to optical detection of the most important C&DW material composites as well as a development path for an industrial implementation in automatic sorting and separation lines. The main focus is placed on the closure of the two recycling circuits "grey to grey" and "red to red" because of their outstanding potential for sustainability in conservation of construction resources.

  2. Detecting areal changes in tidal flats after sea dike construction using Landsat-TM images

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Moon Seong Kang; Sang June Im; Tae Il Jang; Seung Woo Park; Sang Min Kim

    2007-12-01

    The main objective of this study was to estimate changes in the area of tidal flats that occurred after sea dike construction on the western coast of South Korea using Landsat-TM images. Applying the ISODATA method of unsupervised classification for Landsat-TM images, the tidal flats were identified, and the resulting areas were quantified for each image. The area of tidal flats from a topographic map published in one year differs significantly from that shown in another, which appears to be attributable to the tide levels at the time of aerial photography. During the study period, the area of tidal flats, as estimated from Landsat-TM images, increased by 4.57 km2 per year in the study areas. The tidal flats in the inner sea of Chunsu Harbor area increased by 200m2 per zone, while the accumulation for a number of inner sea areas within Asan Harbor area occurred at over 50m2 per zone. The results of this research may serve as the basis of an environmentallyfriendly development plan for tidal flats.

  3. Graph-based retrospective 4D image construction from free-breathing MRI slice acquisitions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tong, Yubing; Udupa, Jayaram K.; Ciesielski, Krzysztof C.; McDonough, Joseph M.; Mong, Andrew; Campbell, Robert M.

    2014-03-01

    4D or dynamic imaging of the thorax has many potential applications [1, 2]. CT and MRI offer sufficient speed to acquire motion information via 4D imaging. However they have different constraints and requirements. For both modalities both prospective and retrospective respiratory gating and tracking techniques have been developed [3, 4]. For pediatric imaging, x-ray radiation becomes a primary concern and MRI remains as the de facto choice. The pediatric subjects we deal with often suffer from extreme malformations of their chest wall, diaphragm, and/or spine, as such patient cooperation needed by some of the gating and tracking techniques are difficult to realize without causing patient discomfort. Moreover, we are interested in the mechanical function of their thorax in its natural form in tidal breathing. Therefore free-breathing MRI acquisition is the ideal modality of imaging for these patients. In our set up, for each coronal (or sagittal) slice position, slice images are acquired at a rate of about 200-300 ms/slice over several natural breathing cycles. This produces typically several thousands of slices which contain both the anatomic and dynamic information. However, it is not trivial to form a consistent and well defined 4D volume from these data. In this paper, we present a novel graph-based combinatorial optimization solution for constructing the best possible 4D scene from such data entirely in the digital domain. Our proposed method is purely image-based and does not need breath holding or any external surrogates or instruments to record respiratory motion or tidal volume. Both adult and children patients' data are used to illustrate the performance of the proposed method. Experimental results show that the reconstructed 4D scenes are smooth and consistent spatially and temporally, agreeing with known shape and motion of the lungs.

  4. Statistical 3D prostate imaging atlas construction via anatomically constrained registration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusu, Mirabela; Bloch, B. Nicolas; Jaffe, Carl C.; Rofsky, Neil M.; Genega, Elizabeth M.; Feleppa, Ernest; Lenkinski, Robert E.; Madabhushi, Anant

    2013-03-01

    Statistical imaging atlases allow for integration of information from multiple patient studies collected across different image scales and modalities, such as multi-parametric (MP) MRI and histology, providing population statistics regarding a specific pathology within a single canonical representation. Such atlases are particularly valuable in the identification and validation of meaningful imaging signatures for disease characterization in vivo within a population. Despite the high incidence of prostate cancer, an imaging atlas focused on different anatomic structures of the prostate, i.e. an anatomic atlas, has yet to be constructed. In this work we introduce a novel framework for MRI atlas construction that uses an iterative, anatomically constrained registration (AnCoR) scheme to enable the proper alignment of the prostate (Pr) and central gland (CG) boundaries. Our current implementation uses endorectal, 1.5T or 3T, T2-weighted MRI from 51 patients with biopsy confirmed cancer; however, the prostate atlas is seamlessly extensible to include additional MRI parameters. In our cohort, radical prostatectomy is performed following MP-MR image acquisition; thus ground truth annotations for prostate cancer are available from the histological specimens. Once mapped onto MP-MRI through elastic registration of histological slices to corresponding T2-w MRI slices, the annotations are utilized by the AnCoR framework to characterize the 3D statistical distribution of cancer per anatomic structure. Such distributions are useful for guiding biopsies toward regions of higher cancer likelihood and understanding imaging profiles for disease extent in vivo. We evaluate our approach via the Dice similarity coefficient (DSC) for different anatomic structures (delineated by expert radiologists): Pr, CG and peripheral zone (PZ). The AnCoR-based atlas had a CG DSC of 90.36%, and Pr DSC of 89.37%. Moreover, we evaluated the deviation of anatomic landmarks, the urethra and

  5. DEFINED NOMINAL EXPRESSION IN THE IMAGE CONSTRUCTION OF STF MINISTER JOAQUIM BARBOSA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Aparecida MIQUELETTI

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an analysis of defined nominal expressions as a resource for constructing the image of the Supreme Court Minister, Joaquim Barbosa, in a cover story published in Veja magazine on October 10th of 2012. The theoretical basis is Text Linguistics (KOCH; TRAVAGLIA, 1991; KOCH, 1997, 2002, 2009; GALEMBECK, 2005; MARCUSCHI, 2008; BENTES, 2012 and, according to these authors, the meaning is created in the moment of interaction and the referral process is a discursive and interactional activity, carried out by social subjects, -that is, it involves a set of selections within the possibilities of language and according to intentions desired. Thus, the analysis reveals that certain intentional choices help in constructing the image of the Minister Joaquim Barbosa, the main referent of the text: the average person from humble origin, who overcame obstacles and succeeded in life. The article does not deplete the possibility of analysis, but indicates some observations that allow readers to reflect on the need for the careful reading to the constitution of sense.

  6. The communicative construction of Europe cultures of political discourse, public sphere and the Euro crisis

    CERN Document Server

    Hepp, Andreas; Lingenberg, Swantje; Mollen, Anne; Möller, Johanna; Offerhaus, Anke

    2015-01-01

    Based on a 12-year long project, this book demonstrates the contested character of the communicative construction of Europe. It does so by combining an investigation of journalistic practices with content analysis of print media, an examination of citizens' online interactions and audience studies with European citizens.

  7. Construct Validity of the Offer Self-Image Questionnaire and Its Relationship with Self-Esteem, Depression, and Ego Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindfors, Kaj; Elovainio, Marko; Sinkkonen, Jari; Aalberg, Veikko; Vuorinen, Risto

    2005-01-01

    Construct validity of the Offer Self-Image Questionnaire (OSIQ) was studied in a sample of 194 normal Finnish adolescents from 14 to 16 years of age. Confirmatory factor analysis provided support for the hierarchical structure of adolescents' self-image with 5 lower-order factors loading on a single higher-order factor. Lower-order factors were…

  8. The Construction of Leadership Images in the Popular Press: The Case of Donald Burr and People Express.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chao C.; Meindl, James R.

    1991-01-01

    To explore social construction of leadership, one study examined the rise and fall of Donald Burr and People Express Airline, a celebrated saga in entrepreneurship. Content analyses of image descriptions and metaphors projected by the popular press revealed that Burr's image was reconstructed to account for the dramatic performance failure of the…

  9. Constructing "sound science" and "good epidemiology": tobacco, lawyers, and public relations firms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ong, E K; Glantz, S A

    2001-11-01

    The tobacco industry has attacked "junk science" to discredit the evidence that secondhand smoke-among other environmental toxins-causes disease. Philip Morris used public relations firms and lawyers to develop a "sound science" program in the United States and Europe that involved recruiting other industries and issues to obscure the tobacco industry's role. The European "sound science" plans included a version of "good epidemiological practices" that would make it impossible to conclude that secondhand smoke-and thus other environmental toxins-caused diseases. Public health professionals need to be aware that the "sound science" movement is not an indigenous effort from within the profession to improve the quality of scientific discourse, but reflects sophisticated public relations campaigns controlled by industry executives and lawyers whose aim is to manipulate the standards of scientific proof to serve the corporate interests of their clients.

  10. Constructing “Sound Science” and “Good Epidemiology”: Tobacco, Lawyers, and Public Relations Firms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ong, Elisa K.; Glantz, Stanton A.

    2001-01-01

    The tobacco industry has attacked “junk science” to discredit the evidence that secondhand smoke—among other environmental toxins—causes disease. Philip Morris used public relations firms and lawyers to develop a “sound science” program in the United States and Europe that involved recruiting other industries and issues to obscure the tobacco industry's role. The European “sound science” plans included a version of “good epidemiological practices” that would make it impossible to conclude that secondhand smoke—and thus other environmental toxins—caused diseases. Public health professionals need to be aware that the “sound science” movement is not an indigenous effort from within the profession to improve the quality of scientific discourse, but reflects sophisticated public relations campaigns controlled by industry executives and lawyers whose aim is to manipulate the standards of scientific proof to serve the corporate interests of their clients. PMID:11684593

  11. Research on sudden environmental pollution public service platform construction based on WebGIS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bi, T. P.; Gao, D. Y.; Zhong, X. Y.

    2016-08-01

    In order to actualize the social sharing and service of the emergency-response information for sudden pollution accidents, the public can share the risk source information service, dangerous goods control technology service and so on, The SQL Server and ArcSDE software are used to establish a spatial database to restore all kinds of information including risk sources, hazardous chemicals and handling methods in case of accidents. Combined with Chinese atmospheric environmental assessment standards, the SCREEN3 atmospheric dispersion model and one-dimensional liquid diffusion model are established to realize the query of related information and the display of the diffusion effect under B/S structure. Based on the WebGIS technology, C#.Net language is used to develop the sudden environmental pollution public service platform. As a result, the public service platform can make risk assessments and provide the best emergency processing services.

  12. Human cell structure-driven model construction for predicting protein subcellular location from biological images.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shao, Wei; Liu, Mingxia; Zhang, Daoqiang

    2016-01-01

    The systematic study of subcellular location pattern is very important for fully characterizing the human proteome. Nowadays, with the great advances in automated microscopic imaging, accurate bioimage-based classification methods to predict protein subcellular locations are highly desired. All existing models were constructed on the independent parallel hypothesis, where the cellular component classes are positioned independently in a multi-class classification engine. The important structural information of cellular compartments is missed. To deal with this problem for developing more accurate models, we proposed a novel cell structure-driven classifier construction approach (SC-PSorter) by employing the prior biological structural information in the learning model. Specifically, the structural relationship among the cellular components is reflected by a new codeword matrix under the error correcting output coding framework. Then, we construct multiple SC-PSorter-based classifiers corresponding to the columns of the error correcting output coding codeword matrix using a multi-kernel support vector machine classification approach. Finally, we perform the classifier ensemble by combining those multiple SC-PSorter-based classifiers via majority voting. We evaluate our method on a collection of 1636 immunohistochemistry images from the Human Protein Atlas database. The experimental results show that our method achieves an overall accuracy of 89.0%, which is 6.4% higher than the state-of-the-art method. The dataset and code can be downloaded from https://github.com/shaoweinuaa/. dqzhang@nuaa.edu.cn Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  13. A Sociological Approach to Institutional Communication: The Public Image in Organizational Administration in Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serpa, Sandro

    2016-01-01

    Acknowledging that the external context visibly affects any organization, this investigation seeks to constitute a specific contribution to the study of the importance of public image in organizational administration. To that end, a collection and documentary analysis of news stories from the newspaper "O Fayalense on the Asylum for the…

  14. Public Diplomacy Role in Russia Image Formation in the Countries of Asia and Latin America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Y Glinskaya

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the problem of creating positive image of Russia in the countries of Latin America and also in India and China - leading Asian countries. Alongside with the achievements in economic, political, military spheres the most important for successful reputation of the country is considered to be public diplomacy.

  15. Constructing Public Relations as a Women’s Profession IN Russia / Construyendo las relaciones públicas como una profesión de mujeres en Rusia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katerina Tsetsura

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This study examines how public relations can be understood, perceived, and ultimately constructed as a profession through professionals’ everyday discourses. The article explores what it means for public relations practitioners to be considered professionals in the field that is actively developing in many parts of the world. The goal was to expand the understanding of what constitutes the profession of public relations through a qualitative analysis of work-centered discourses of practitioners. The results demonstrated that, specifically in Russia, similar to many other countries, public relations is often seen as a profession that is better suited for women than men due to historical, socio-economic, and societal factors as well as due to pre-conceived notions about public relations. This study contributes to a new theoretical understanding of public relations as a socially constructed profession and demonstrates how construction of this profession can both propel and slow down the development of the practice.

  16. The role of public relations for image creating in health services: a sample patient satisfaction survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirdar, YalçIn

    2007-01-01

    This study discusses the role of public relations for image creating in health services. Hospitals require public relations activities to distinguish them from competitors, provide bidirectional communication between the society and the hospital, and assist to create of a strong hospital image and culture. A satisfaction survey was conducted on 264 patients who have received health services at Maltepe University Hospital. The research focused on how the Hospital's examination, care, catering and physical services; doctor and nurse politeness towards patients and patient relatives, their attitudes and behaviors; examination, check-in, bedding and discharge operations; public relations activities in and out of the hospital were perceived. Another subject of the study was the degree of recommendation of patients who have been served by the hospital's health services to prospective patients seeking treatment.

  17. ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROJECTS OF PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS IN INVESTMENT AND CONSTRUCTION SPHERE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natal'ya V Gorodnova

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to the economic instability the problem of development of mechanisms of integration of state and private business became even more important. The paper presents the evaluation of the effectiveness of public-private partnerships (PPPs. It is concluded that adoption of the new Federal law on PPP will increase the efciency of interaction between participants in PPP projects

  18. Urban Public Space and the Construction of Social Life: A Social-Pedagogical Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Visscher, Sven; Bouverne-De Bie, Maria; Verschelden, Griet

    2012-01-01

    This paper addresses the question of what meaning urban public space has in relation to the process of children's socialisation. It builds on data from qualitative research into the social-pedagogical meaning of three contrasting neighbourhoods in the city of Ghent. In this research, the neighbourhood was studied as a social and spatial context in…

  19. A Kind and Benevolent People: The "Public" as Constructed by Congressman Barney Frank.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herbeck, Dale A.

    News reports regarding the relationship between Massachusetts Congressman Barney Frank and a male prostitute reflect a growing willingness to hold public officials responsible for private acts. The incident triggered a classic example of apologia--a speech of self-defense. As critics have long suggested, the intangible nature of the…

  20. Urban Public Space and the Construction of Social Life: A Social-Pedagogical Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Visscher, Sven; Bouverne-De Bie, Maria; Verschelden, Griet

    2012-01-01

    This paper addresses the question of what meaning urban public space has in relation to the process of children's socialisation. It builds on data from qualitative research into the social-pedagogical meaning of three contrasting neighbourhoods in the city of Ghent. In this research, the neighbourhood was studied as a social and spatial context in…

  1. Linguistic Landscape as Symbolic Construction of the Public Space: The Case of Israel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben-Rafael, Eliezer; Shohamy, Elana; Amara, Muhammad Hasan; Trumper-Hecht, Nira

    2006-01-01

    Linguistic landscape (LL) refers to linguistic objects that mark the public space. This paper compares patterns of LL in a variety of homogeneous and mixed Israeli cities, and in East Jerusalem. The groups studied were Israeli Jews, Palestinian Israelis and non-Israeli Palestinians from East Jerusalem, of whom most are not Israeli citizens. The…

  2. A decision support system framework to improve design-construction integration and project performance on public sector underground utility projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gehrig, Gary Bruce

    One of the noted difficulties with the traditional public works project development process is the lack of integration and sharing of information between engineering and construction entities that results in a decrease in project performance. To improve project performance on public sector underground utility projects, the research develops a decision support system framework that enhances the exchange and integration of relevant information and knowledge between entities on such projects by incorporating a lessons-learned database to document, organize and disseminate lessons-learned on a project. To identify the critical activities within the project development process that could be linked to the decision support system, the Integration Definition for Functioning Modeling (IDEFO) technique was used to create a representative model of the public works project development process. The resultant model demonstrated the repeatable nature of the process both across project phases and from project-to-project and identified the decision-making activities of generating and evaluating alternatives as key opportunities for construction-related input that could be linked to a decision support system. An inspection of current industry practices was conducted through interviews with knowledgeable industry sources to determine the scope of the decision support system framework. Results revealed the type of critical decisions on underground utility projects that could benefit from construction-related input and identified the documentation of lessons-learned as a major industry weakness. A prototype decision support system incorporating a lessons-learned database was developed and the framework integrated into common project management reporting mechanisms found in the industry. The actual decision-maker can retrieve lessons-learned according to predetermined categories of critical decisions, compare and evaluated retrieved alternatives, and document the rationale behind the

  3. "Real men don't": constructions of masculinity and inadvertent harm in public health interventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, Paul J; Lee, Joseph G L; Dworkin, Shari L

    2014-06-01

    Research shows that constraining aspects of male gender norms negatively influence both women's and men's health. Messaging that draws on norms of masculinity in health programming has been shown to improve both women's and men's health, but some types of public health messaging (e.g., Man Up Monday, a media campaign to prevent the spread of sexually transmitted infections) can reify harmful aspects of hegemonic masculinity that programs are working to change. We critically assess the deployment of hegemonic male norms in the Man Up Monday campaign. We draw on ethical paradigms in public health to challenge programs that reinforce harmful aspects of gender norms and suggest the use of gender-transformative interventions that challenge constraining masculine norms and have been shown to have a positive effect on health behaviors.

  4. Maximising the social value of constructed assets: public-private-innovation at work

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonke, Sten; Olsen, Ib Steen

    2013-01-01

    a broad-spectrum approach based on utilization of for instance research, users and operation experiences. Basis is three perspectives: the business system, a cross-disciplinary understanding and an integrative experimental building programme. Research is an important actor in the efforts to create...... constructed assets which meet social goals. However, it is important to recognize the contextual settings for building research if sector developments in practise are to be achieved. The effect of research depends on other actors in the business system. Clients, regulatory bodies, professional associations...

  5. Images of eyes enhance investments in a real-life public good.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damien Francey

    Full Text Available A key issue in cooperation research is to determine the conditions under which individuals invest in a public good. Here, we tested whether cues of being watched increase investments in an anonymous public good situation in real life. We examined whether individuals would invest more by removing experimentally placed garbage (paper and plastic bottles from bus stop benches in Geneva in the presence of images of eyes compared to controls (images of flowers. We provided separate bins for each of both types of garbage to investigate whether individuals would deposit more items into the appropriate bin in the presence of eyes. The treatment had no effect on the likelihood that individuals present at the bus stop would remove garbage. However, those individuals that engaged in garbage clearing, and were thus likely affected by the treatment, invested more time to do so in the presence of eyes. Images of eyes had a direct effect on behaviour, rather than merely enhancing attention towards a symbolic sign requesting removal of garbage. These findings show that simple images of eyes can trigger reputational effects that significantly enhance on non-monetary investments in anonymous public goods under real life conditions. We discuss our results in the light of previous findings and suggest that human social behaviour may often be shaped by relatively simple and potentially unconscious mechanisms instead of very complex cognitive capacities.

  6. Sub Surface Geoelectrical Imaging for Potential Geohazard in Infrastructure Construction in Sidoarjo, East Java

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumintadireja, Prihadi; Irawan, Diky

    2017-06-01

    Mud volcano remnants are identified in Surabaya and adjacent areas. The people in East Java based on historical report are custom and able to adjust with the natural phenomena within their areas. Sidoarjo mud volcano phenomena which coincident with drilling activity in 29 May 2006 is making people and government anxious for development a new infrastructure such as high rise building, toll road etc. An understanding of a geological hazard which can be single, sequential or combined events in their origin is the main key importance in subsurface imaging. Geological hazard can be identified by geophysical, geological, geotechnical method. The prompt selection of geophysical method to reveal subsurface condition is very important factor instead of survey design and field data acquisition. Revealing subsurface condition is very important information for site investigation consists of geological, geophysical and geotechnical data, whereas data analysis will help civil engineer design and calculate the construction safety.

  7. Design and construction of non-imaging planar concentrator for concentrator photovoltaic system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chong, K.K.; Siaw, F.L.; Wong, C.W.; Wong, G.S. [Faculty of Engineering and Science, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Off Jalan Genting Kelang, Setapak, 53300 Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan (Malaysia)

    2009-05-15

    A novel configuration of solar concentrator, which is the non-imaging planar concentrator, capable of producing much more uniform sunlight and reasonably high concentration ratio, is designed and constructed. This design is envisioned to be incorporated in concentrator photovoltaic (CPV) systems. The work presented here reports on the design, optical alignment and application of the prototype, which is installed at Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman (UTAR), Malaysia. In the architecture of the prototype, 360 flat mirrors, each with a dimension of 4.0 cm x 4.0 cm, are arranged into 24 rows and 15 columns with a total reflection area of about 5760 cm{sup 2}. In addition to that, illumination distribution for the prototype is simulated and its results are then compared with the experiment result. (author)

  8. Construction of a Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM) Detector for Medical Imaging

    CERN Document Server

    Mondal, N N; Mazumdar, M R Dutta; Dubey, A K; Vioygi, Y P

    2013-01-01

    A prototype Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM) detector is under construction for medical imaging purposes. A single thick GEM of size 10x10 cm^2 is assembled inside a square shaped air-tight box which is made of Perspex glass. In order to ionize gas inside the drift field two types of voltage supplier circuits were fabricated, and array of 2x4 pads of each size 4x8 mm^2 were utilized for collecting avalanche charges. Preliminary testing results show that the circuit which produces high voltage and low current is better than that of low voltage and high current supplier circuit in terms of x-ray signal counting rates.

  9. The Role of Porn in the Construction of Images of the Spectacular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Elvira Díaz-Benítez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The present paper is the result of an anthropologicalresearch in the world of porn filmmakingin Sao Paulo (Brazil, the Mecca ofLatin American porn, specifically of the heterosexualstyle, which up until 2008 was mainlyproduced for •–• and not for the internet, as iteventually was. The paper analyses the way inwhich the cast makes use of a sexual languagecharacteristic of porn, the way in which directorsgo about their profession, and their understandingof pornography in an aesthetic andperformance level. Underneath lie two mainquestions: how and according to what parametersis the pornographic image constructed,and how does pornography creates a discourseon regulation and transgression based on certainstatements about gender and sexuality.

  10. Noise-Produced Patterns in Images Constructed from Magnetic Flux Leakage Data

    CERN Document Server

    Pimenova, Anastasiya V; Levesley, Jeremy; Elkington, Peter; Bacciarelli, Mark

    2015-01-01

    Magnetic flux leakage measurements help identify the position, size and shape of corrosion-related defects in steel casings used to protect boreholes drilled into oil and gas reservoirs. Images constructed from magnetic flux leakage data contain patterns related to noise inherent in the method. We investigate the patterns and their scaling properties for the case of delta-correlated input noise, and consider the implications for the method's ability to resolve defects. The analytical evaluation of the noise-produced patterns is made possible by model reduction facilitated by large-scale approximation. With appropriate modification, the approach can be employed to analyze noise-produced patterns in other situations where the data of interest are not measured directly, but are related to the measured data by a complex linear transform involving integrations with respect to spatial coordinates.

  11. A New Public-key Oblivious Fragile Watermarking for Image Authentication Using Discrete Cosine Transform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chin-Chen Chang

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, a new oblivious fragile watermarking using discrete cosine transform is proposed. It is inspired by Wong's public key watermarking scheme proposed in 1998 and aims to improve its vulnerability towards possible attacks indicated by Barreto and Holliman. Instead of making use of contextual information and making it an inter-block dependent scheme, as suggested by Barreto, we adopt another approach to retain its blockwise independent property. Our scheme can avoid the conditions necessary for such attacks to befeasible. Furthermore, our scheme extracts the inherent image features and embeds them into this image as the watermark. This relieves users from having to maintain a database of watermarks from various sources. Experimental results show that the watermark insertion procedure has little effect on the visual quality of the watermarked image. They also show our scheme can locate the modifications made to the watermarked image, including imagescaling, cropping, geometric distortion, pixel value changes, etc.

  12. Analysis of the Influence of Construction Insulation Systems on Public Safety in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Guowei; Zhu, Guoqing; Zhao, Guoxiang

    2016-08-30

    With the Government of China's proposed Energy Efficiency Regulations (GB40411-2007), the implementation of external insulation systems will be mandatory in China. The frequent external insulation system fires cause huge numbers of casualties and extensive property damage and have rapidly become a new hot issue in construction evacuation safety in China. This study attempts to reconstruct an actual fire scene and propose a quantitative risk assessment method for upward insulation system fires using thermal analysis tests and large eddy simulations (using the Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) software). Firstly, the pyrolysis and combustion characteristics of Extruded polystyrene board (XPS panel), such as ignition temperature, combustion heat, limiting oxygen index, thermogravimetric analysis and thermal radiation analysis were studied experimentally. Based on these experimental data, large eddy simulation was then applied to reconstruct insulation system fires. The results show that upward insulation system fires could be accurately reconstructed by using thermal analysis test and large eddy simulation. The spread of insulation material system fires in the vertical direction is faster than that in the horizontal direction. Moreover, we also find that there is a possibility of flashover in enclosures caused by insulation system fires as the smoke temperature exceeds 600 °C. The simulation methods and experimental results obtained in this paper could provide valuable references for fire evacuation, hazard assessment and fire resistant construction design studies.

  13. Analysis of the Influence of Construction Insulation Systems on Public Safety in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guowei Zhang

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available With the Government of China’s proposed Energy Efficiency Regulations (GB40411-2007, the implementation of external insulation systems will be mandatory in China. The frequent external insulation system fires cause huge numbers of casualties and extensive property damage and have rapidly become a new hot issue in construction evacuation safety in China. This study attempts to reconstruct an actual fire scene and propose a quantitative risk assessment method for upward insulation system fires using thermal analysis tests and large eddy simulations (using the Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS software. Firstly, the pyrolysis and combustion characteristics of Extruded polystyrene board (XPS panel, such as ignition temperature, combustion heat, limiting oxygen index, thermogravimetric analysis and thermal radiation analysis were studied experimentally. Based on these experimental data, large eddy simulation was then applied to reconstruct insulation system fires. The results show that upward insulation system fires could be accurately reconstructed by using thermal analysis test and large eddy simulation. The spread of insulation material system fires in the vertical direction is faster than that in the horizontal direction. Moreover, we also find that there is a possibility of flashover in enclosures caused by insulation system fires as the smoke temperature exceeds 600 °C. The simulation methods and experimental results obtained in this paper could provide valuable references for fire evacuation, hazard assessment and fire resistant construction design studies.

  14. Analysis of the Influence of Construction Insulation Systems on Public Safety in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Guowei; Zhu, Guoqing; Zhao, Guoxiang

    2016-01-01

    With the Government of China’s proposed Energy Efficiency Regulations (GB40411-2007), the implementation of external insulation systems will be mandatory in China. The frequent external insulation system fires cause huge numbers of casualties and extensive property damage and have rapidly become a new hot issue in construction evacuation safety in China. This study attempts to reconstruct an actual fire scene and propose a quantitative risk assessment method for upward insulation system fires using thermal analysis tests and large eddy simulations (using the Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) software). Firstly, the pyrolysis and combustion characteristics of Extruded polystyrene board (XPS panel), such as ignition temperature, combustion heat, limiting oxygen index, thermogravimetric analysis and thermal radiation analysis were studied experimentally. Based on these experimental data, large eddy simulation was then applied to reconstruct insulation system fires. The results show that upward insulation system fires could be accurately reconstructed by using thermal analysis test and large eddy simulation. The spread of insulation material system fires in the vertical direction is faster than that in the horizontal direction. Moreover, we also find that there is a possibility of flashover in enclosures caused by insulation system fires as the smoke temperature exceeds 600 °C. The simulation methods and experimental results obtained in this paper could provide valuable references for fire evacuation, hazard assessment and fire resistant construction design studies. PMID:27589774

  15. Enacting "health communication": the field of health communication as constructed through publication in scholarly journals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beck, Christina S; Benitez, Jose Luis; Edwards, Autumn; Olson, Amanda; Pai, Aarthi; Torres, Maria Beatriz

    2004-01-01

    Based on an analysis of articles in health communication journals and in regional, national, and international communication journals, this study identifies publication trends and research priorities for health communication articles in the 1990s and the year 2000. Based on a content analysis of article abstracts, researchers determined the extent to which health communication articles appeared in various journals as well as the emphasis on specific topics in health communication research, methodological approaches, and theoretical frameworks. The article concludes with reflections on the implications of this study for future work in the area of health communication.

  16. The Support of Public Opinion Is Imperative for any Legislative Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金碚

    2007-01-01

    In the early spring of 2007,two important matters of great public concern finally bore fruition.Firstly,the National People’s Congress eventually passed the Law of Property following 13 years of&bate,revision and deliberation.Secondly,China initiated the individual tax return filing system in which an individual earning RMB 120,000 or above per year is required to file his/her annual tax returns separately with China’s tax authorities.To date,there have been about 1.6 million Chinese nationals filing tax returns under the new system.

  17. Volcanic constructs on Ganymede and Enceladus: Topographic evidence from stereo images and photoclinometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schenk, Paul M.; Moore, Jeffrey M.

    1995-09-01

    The morphology of volcanic features on Ganymede differs significantly from that on the terrestrial planets. Few if any major volcanic landforms, such as thick flows or shield volcanoes, have been identified to date. Using new stereo Voyager images, we have searched Ganymede for relief-generating volcanic constructs. We observed seven major types of volcanic structures, including several not previously recognized. The oldest are broad flat-topped domes partially filling many older craters in dark terrain. Similar domes occur on Enceladus. Together with smooth dark deposits, these domes indicate that the volcanic history of the dark terrain is complex. Bright terrain covers vast areas, although the style of emplacement remains unclear. Smooth bright materials embay and flood older terrains, and may have been emplaced as low-viscosity fluids. Associated with smooth bright material are a number of scalloped-shaped, semi-enclosed scarps that cut into preexisting terrain. In planform these structures resemble terrestrial calderas. The youngest volcanic materials identified are a series of small flows that may have flooded the floor of the multiring impact structure Gilgamesh, forming a broad dome. The identification of volcanic constructs up to 1 km thick is the first evidence for extrusion of moderate-to-high viscosity material on Ganymede. Viscosity and yield strength estimates for these materials span several orders of magnitude, indicating that volcanic materials on Ganymede have a range of compositions and/or were extruded under a wide range of conditions and/or eruptive styles.

  18. PUBLICITÉ, ICONICITÉ, VERBALISATION DE L’IMAGE / PUBLICITY, ICONICITY, IMAGE VERBALIZATION / PUBLICITATE, ICONICITATE, VERBALIZAREA IMAGINII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Ana Oprescu

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Structure sémiologique mixte, la publicité écrite se fonde sur un double système, iconique et verbal. Les différents niveaux s’interpénètrent et se confondent. Les signes linguistiques du texte publicitaire sont en étroite relation de dépendance avec les signes iconiques de l’image. Le sens est le résultat d’une amalgamation recherchée des deux niveaux de lecture. Le texte et l’image ne jouent pas le même rôle et n’ont pas le même poids au sein de l’annonce.

  19. [Images of Ageing in Health Care Magazines of the Public Health System].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartmann-Tews, Ilse; Hoppe, Theresa

    2017-05-18

    Objectives Collective images of ageing influence attitudes towards ageing and health- related activities. The aim of this study was to explore images of ageing and old age in magazines published by public health institutions, namely health insurance companies and pharmacies. Design A standardized content analysis was conducted covering age-related articles (n=146) and accompanying photographs (n=218) of public health institutions. The stock of material comprises age-related articles of all magazines published 2012-2013 of 2 public health insurance companies (Allgemeine Ortskrankenkasse: "Bleib gesund", Barmer Ersatzkasse: "Gesundheit konkret"), 2 private health insurance companies (Gothaer Versicherung: "Gothaer magazin", Deutsche Krankenversicherung: "DKV impulse") and 2 consumer magazines of pharmacies ("Apothekenumschau","Senioren Ratgeber"). Results Illness turns out to be the most often focused main theme and key issue of age-related articles. With reference to the central dimensions of somatic culture - health, body-centered performance and appearance - most of the articles focus on deficits of old age, in particular illness and decrease of performance, and thus communicate a negative image of ageing. The visual presentation of elderly people is much more positive. There are various differences in the communication of images of ageing between the 2 types of magazines, with the consumer magazines of the pharmacy covering a broader spectrum of topics, referring more often to a healthy lifestyle and prevention and communicating a more multifaceted image of old age and ageing in comparison to the membership magazines of health insurance companies. Conclusion Institutions of public health have many duties and responsibilities. One of these is to strengthen health competencies and locus of control of the population - in our case - elderly people. As images of ageing influence attitudes towards ageing and health-related activities, it seems to be sensible and of

  20. Counteracting geometrical attacks on robust image watermarking by constructing a deformable pyramid transform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Chuntao; Ni, Jiangqun; Zhang, Dong

    2013-12-01

    Counteracting geometrical attacks remains one of the most challenging problems in robust watermarking. In this paper, we resist rotation, scaling, and translation (RST) by constructing a kind of deformable pyramid transform (DPT) that is shift-invariant, steerable, and scalable. The DPT is extended from a closed-form polar-separable steerable pyramid transform (SPT). The radial component of the SPT's basis filters is taken as the kernel of the scalable basis filters, and the angular component is used for the steerable basis filters. The shift-invariance is inherited from the SPT by retaining undecimated high-pass and band-pass subbands. Based on the designed DPT, we theoretically derive interpolation functions for steerability and scalability and synchronization mechanisms for translation, rotation, and scaling. By exploiting the preferable characteristics of DPT, we develop a new template-based robust image watermarking scheme that is resilient to RST. Translation invariance is achieved by taking the Fourier magnitude of the cover image as the DPT's input. The resilience to rotation and scaling is obtained using the synchronization mechanisms for rotation and scaling, for which an efficient template-matching algorithm has been devised. Extensive simulations show that the proposed scheme is highly robust to geometrical attacks, such as RST, cropping, and row/column line removal, as well as common signal processing attacks such as JPEG compression, additive white Gaussian noise, and median filtering.

  1. Danish dentists' career satisfaction in relation to perceived occupational stress and public image

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moore, R.

    2000-01-01

    The relationship between Danish dentists' perceptions of satisfaction with their career choice and beliefs about their occupational stress or public image was surveyed. A mailed questionnaire was completed by 216 randomly selected Danish private dentists in and around Århus. Of these, only 19% were...... dissatisfied and would not recommend dentistry as a career to young people, while almost 60% perceived dentistry as more stressful than other professions and 31% felt that dentists' public image was less than good or poor. Odds ratio (OR) analyses indicated that perceived career dissatisfaction was most...... slight improvement only in the association with age. There were no meaningful or significant relationships by gender or practice type, location or size. Considering these statistics and that nearly all the dentists believed that patients evaluated them more by style or behavior than their technical...

  2. College Library Public Image Management%高校图书馆公众形象管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘利芳

    2015-01-01

    文章首先阐述了高校图书馆公众形象管理的必要性,然后从形象定位、形象塑造及形象传播三方面阐述了公众形象管理的措施。%The article first discusses the necessity of public university library image management, and from the image orien-tation, image building and image communication three aspects to describe public image management measures.

  3. The public face of zoos: Images of entertainment, education, and conservation

    OpenAIRE

    Carr, N; Cohen, SA

    2011-01-01

    The contemporary justification for zoos is based on their ability to act as sites of wildlife conservation. Alongside this is the reality that zoos have historically been defined as sites for the entertainment of the general public and continue to be dependent on the revenue raised through visitor receipts. Consequently, zoos are, today, identified as sites of conservation, research, education, and entertainment. In recognition of this, the aim of our research was to assess the image that zoo...

  4. Improved tunable filter-based multispectral imaging system for detection of blood stains on construction material substrates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janchaysang, Suwatwong; Sumriddetchkajorn, Sarun; Buranasiri, Prathan

    2013-06-01

    We present the improved tunable filter based multispectral imaging system for detecting blood stains on construction materials. Based upon the reflectance and Kubelka Munk absorbance spectra stocked from our previous work, we modify the blood discrimination criteria to make the system more efficient by replacing the old criteria which make use of polynomial fitting with new criteria associated with a few wavelengths images. The newly established criteria are tested to be able to detect blood against other stains almost as efficient as the old criteria, while the number of spectral images required for detecting blood stains are reduced significantly from 64 to 9 spectral images. The reduction of required spectral images will reduce the time needed for image capturing and blood detection criteria application with little sacrificing of the specificity and sensitivity of the system.

  5. EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF FORMING A PROFESSIONAL IMAGE OF THE FUTURE PUBLIC RELATIONS SPECIALIST

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lydia Mikhailovna Semenova

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the organization of research work on forming professional image of the future public relations specialist. The purposes of the work were to study components of students’ image, to test the concept of a professional image of the specialist, and also to process and evaluate the results. The author has presented three phases of experimental research: statement, formative and evaluative. As a result, a positive trend of forming a professional image was found. The conceptual model of forming a professional image of the future experts tested in the course of experiment has shown to be highly effective, while new methods of training (training, workshops, panel discussions, action games, etc. have substantially improved the level of development of a professional image. The results can be used in the training and retraining of specialists of higher education and people whose profession related to communications.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-7-48

  6. Analysis on Public Library Services for the Urban Culture Construction%公共图书馆为城市文化建设服务摭谈

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莉

    2012-01-01

    Urban culture construction is the core of urban construction.As the important basis of culture communication,the public library plays an important role in urban culture construction.This paper introduces the ways of participating in urban culture construction,and analyses the countermeasures of public library services for urban culture construction.%城市文化建设是城市建设的核心。城市公共图书馆作为传播文化的重要阵地,在城市文化建设中发挥着重要作用。本文阐述了公共图书馆参与城市文化建设的途径,探讨了公共图书馆为城市文化建设服务的对策。

  7. PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AS A TOOL TO CHANGE THE IMAGE OF A COUNTRY IN CRISIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Vaxevanidou

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to explore the means, the methods, and the techniques of public diplomacy that a country in crisis, such as Greece, should use. The paper addresses the very issues of whether a country in crisis can conduct public diplomacy and whether it should be recognized as a legitimate and powerful actor in the field. In a broader sense, it focuses on the processes that a country should follow and how a better understanding and framing of its situation, principles, and policy can be provided. A crucial factor for such countries is the choice of communication channels, which includes traditional tools like press releases, letters to editor, editorials, interviews, or more active tools like social media, events, campaigns, and networking. In this paper, three dimensions of public diplomacy are examined, and appropriate tools to be developed in the short, medium and long-term are proposed. The results of the study are based on case studies, methods, and tools employed by Greece during the last years that the country has faced a huge economic crisis. There is a short presentation on the methods that Greece tries to adopt in order to enhance its image worldwide. Keywords: reactive public diplomacy, proactive public diplomacy, relationship building

  8. The Construction of the Library Public Forum%浅议图书馆公共讲坛建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林彬晖

    2012-01-01

    讲坛文化近些年越来越受到公众的重视。正确认识讲坛热潮,引导图书馆公共讲坛建设健康发展。借鉴电视讲坛的先进经验,利用有特色的本地资源,避免过度娱乐化、过度商业化的不良风气,这是当前图书馆公共讲坛建设需要研究的问题。%The public pay attention to the forum culture recent years.More people attend lecture activities.The good development of the library public forum depends on the correct understanding of the current forum hot phenomenon.Reference TV forum programs advanced experience,make good use of distinctive local resources,and avoid over commercial.All these are the problems of the library construction which we should pay attention to and studied.

  9. Construction and test of a tungsten/Sci-Fi imaging calorimeter for the CREAM experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marrocchesi, P.S. [Department of Physics, University of Siena/INFN, 56 v.Roma, Banchi di Sotto 55, 53100 Siena (Italy)]. E-mail: marrocchesi@pi.infn.it; Ahn, H.S. [Institute for Physics Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Bagliesi, M.G. [Department of Physics, University of Siena/INFN, 56 v.Roma, Banchi di Sotto 55, 53100 Siena (Italy); Basti, A. [Department of Physics, University of Siena/INFN, 56 v.Roma, Banchi di Sotto 55, 53100 Siena (Italy); Bigongiari, G. [Department of Physics, University of Siena/INFN, 56 v.Roma, Banchi di Sotto 55, 53100 Siena (Italy); Castellina, A. [IFSI sez. di Torino, 4 Corso Fiume, 10133 Torino (Italy); Ganel, O. [Institute for Physics Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Lee, M.H. [Institute for Physics Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Lomtadze, T. [INFN sez. di Pisa, 1291 v.Livornese S.Piero a Grado, 56010 Pisa (Italy); Lutz, L. [Institute for Physics Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Maestro, P. [Department of Physics, University of Siena/INFN, 56 v.Roma, Banchi di Sotto 55, 53100 Siena (Italy); Malinine, A. [Institute for Physics Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Meucci, M. [Department of Physics, University of Siena/INFN, 56 v.Roma, Banchi di Sotto 55, 53100 Siena (Italy); Millucci, V. [Department of Physics, University of Siena/INFN, 56 v.Roma, Banchi di Sotto 55, 53100 Siena (Italy); Morsani, F. [INFN sez. di Pisa, 1291 v.Livornese S.Piero a Grado, 56010 Pisa (Italy); Seo, E.S. [Institute for Physics Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Zinn, S.Y. [Institute for Physics Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States)

    2004-12-11

    Cosmic Ray Energetics And Mass (CREAM) is a balloon-borne experiment designed to perform direct measurements of cosmic ray composition over the elemental range from proton to iron to the supernova energy scale of 1015eV in a series of balloon flights using the new Ultra Long Duration Balloon (ULDB) capability under development by NASA. The first flight of CREAM will take place at the end of 2004 from Antarctica. The instrument includes a sampling tungsten/scintillating fiber calorimeter preceded by a graphite target with scintillating fiber hodoscopes, a pixelated silicon charge detector, a transition radiation detector and a segmented timing-based particle-charge detector. The thin ionization calorimeter has been designed to operate in the range of energies from a few hundred GeV to 1PeV providing imaging capability in the reconstruction of the showers originating from the interaction of primary nuclei in the carbon target. A twin calorimeter for the second CREAM payload has been built and tested at CERN. Its construction technique and preliminary test results are presented.

  10. PKDIP: Efficient Public-Key-Based Data Integrity Protection for Wireless Image Sensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Changsheng Wan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to limited energy of “wireless image sensors (WISs,” existing data integrity protection mechanisms typically employ a hash-function-based signing algorithm to generate “message authentication codes (MACs” for long image frames. However, hash-function-based signing algorithm requires the WIS and the “end user (EU” sharing a secret, which leads to a new security issue: Once the EU becomes malicious due to some reasons, it will be able to forge the WIS’s data since it holds the shared secret. Therefore, public-key cryptography is desirable. Unfortunately, public-key cryptographic operations are quite time-consuming for energy-restrained WISs. Facing this dilemma, we present a novel data integrity protection protocol named PKDIP in this paper. Similar to the mechanisms of this field, PKDIP generates MACs for data integrity protection. However, different from other well-known approaches, PKDIP introduces the “Montgomery Modular Multiplication (MontMM” technique to current public-key-based signing algorithms. Since MontMM is much more efficient than hash functions, PKDIP can reduce the signing cost significantly. Experimental results show PKDIP can even be more efficient than hash-function-based schemes.

  11. Exudate-based diabetic macular edema detection in fundus images using publicly available datasets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giancardo, Luca [ORNL; Meriaudeau, Fabrice [ORNL; Karnowski, Thomas Paul [ORNL; Li, Yaquin [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Garg, Seema [University of North Carolina; Tobin Jr, Kenneth William [ORNL; Chaum, Edward [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

    2011-01-01

    Diabetic macular edema (DME) is a common vision threatening complication of diabetic retinopathy. In a large scale screening environment DME can be assessed by detecting exudates (a type of bright lesions) in fundus images. In this work, we introduce a new methodology for diagnosis of DME using a novel set of features based on colour, wavelet decomposition and automatic lesion segmentation. These features are employed to train a classifier able to automatically diagnose DME through the presence of exudation. We present a new publicly available dataset with ground-truth data containing 169 patients from various ethnic groups and levels of DME. This and other two publicly available datasets are employed to evaluate our algorithm. We are able to achieve diagnosis performance comparable to retina experts on the MESSIDOR (an independently labelled dataset with 1200 images) with cross-dataset testing (e.g., the classifier was trained on an independent dataset and tested on MESSIDOR). Our algorithm obtained an AUC between 0.88 and 0.94 depending on the dataset/features used. Additionally, it does not need ground truth at lesion level to reject false positives and is computationally efficient, as it generates a diagnosis on an average of 4.4 s (9.3 s, considering the optic nerve localization) per image on an 2.6 GHz platform with an unoptimized Matlab implementation.

  12. Automatic Diabetic Macular Edema Detection in Fundus Images Using Publicly Available Datasets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giancardo, Luca [ORNL; Meriaudeau, Fabrice [ORNL; Karnowski, Thomas Paul [ORNL; Li, Yaquin [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Garg, Seema [University of North Carolina; Tobin Jr, Kenneth William [ORNL; Chaum, Edward [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

    2011-01-01

    Diabetic macular edema (DME) is a common vision threatening complication of diabetic retinopathy. In a large scale screening environment DME can be assessed by detecting exudates (a type of bright lesions) in fundus images. In this work, we introduce a new methodology for diagnosis of DME using a novel set of features based on colour, wavelet decomposition and automatic lesion segmentation. These features are employed to train a classifier able to automatically diagnose DME. We present a new publicly available dataset with ground-truth data containing 169 patients from various ethnic groups and levels of DME. This and other two publicly available datasets are employed to evaluate our algorithm. We are able to achieve diagnosis performance comparable to retina experts on the MESSIDOR (an independently labelled dataset with 1200 images) with cross-dataset testing. Our algorithm is robust to segmentation uncertainties, does not need ground truth at lesion level, and is very fast, generating a diagnosis on an average of 4.4 seconds per image on an 2.6 GHz platform with an unoptimised Matlab implementation.

  13. The City Image and the Local Public Administration: a Working Tool in Urban Planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marius Cristian NEACȘU

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  The goal of this study consist of identifyingand testing in operational terms the concept of cityimage in the decision-making processes, both asfar as the urban planning and the future policies oflocal and regional development are concerned or inthe management of public spaces. It is well-knownthe fact that the simple series of statistical dataand the models based upon them do not sketchout a complete image regarding the urban reality,the perception of habitants at a micro-scale levelabout habituation conditions, illustrated by thecity image, presenting itself as a barometer of thedysfunctionalities encountered in the city. Thus, thepractical implications of this concept based on anew vision in the philosophy of the managementof urban spaces are likely to be interestingenough. Using this tool in the policies and in theactivity of public administration, in urbanism etc.,complementarily to statistical analyses, shouldaccompany any type of local development policyin order to enhance life quality and to transmit acertain life style, well appreciated by the residentswhich should bestow the city distinctiveness anda particular status in the regional and nationalhierarchy. The conceptual scheme of this studyis based on three elements: theory (what doesthe city image represent?, method (how could wemap at a micro-scale level?, case study (whichare the results and the tests of the applicability inthe city of Ploieşti.

  14. 论建筑企业品牌形象建设%On construction of brand images for architectural enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周玉梅

    2012-01-01

    The paper expounds the recognition of the enterprise brand images, the significance for creating the gold-lettered signboard, and introduces the construction method of do well the enterprise brand images, and points out the brand has the strategical meaning for the development of enterprises, so every enterprise should emphasize the construction of the brand image.%阐述了对企业品牌形象的认识、打造金字招牌的意义,介绍了做好企业品牌形象建设的方法,指出品牌对于企业做大做强具有重要的战略意义,每一个企业都应该重视企业的品牌形象建设。

  15. Design of freeform imaging systems with linear field-of-view using a construction and iteration process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Tong; Zhu, Jun; Jin, Guofan

    2014-02-10

    In this paper, a design method based on a construction and iteration process is proposed for designing freeform imaging systems with linear field-of-view (FOV). The surface contours of the desired freeform surfaces in the tangential plane are firstly designed to control the tangential rays of multiple field angles and different pupil coordinates. Then, the image quality is improved with an iterative process. The design result can be taken as a good starting point for further optimization. A freeform off-axis scanning system is designed as an example of the proposed method. The convergence ability of the construction and iteration process to design a freeform system from initial planes is validated. The MTF of the design result is close to the diffraction limit and the scanning error is less than 1 μm. This result proves that good image quality and scanning linearity were achieved.

  16. Feasibility and limitation of constructive interference in steady-state (CISS) MR imaging in neonates with lumbosacral myeloschisis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hashiguchi, Kimiaki; Morioka, Takato; Yoshida, Fumiaki; Miyagi, Yasushi; Nagata, Shinji; Sasaki, Tomio [Kyushu University, Department of Neurosurgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Fukuoka (Japan); Mihara, Futoshi; Yoshiura, Takashi [Kyushu University, Department of Clinical Radiology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Fukuoka (Japan)

    2007-07-15

    The aim of this study was to evaluate three-dimensional Fourier transformation-constructive interference in steady-state (CISS) imaging as a preoperative anatomical evaluation of the relationship between the placode, spinal nerve roots, CSF space, and the myelomeningocele sac in neonates with lumbosacral myeloschisis. Five consecutive patients with lumbosacral myeloschisis were included in this study. Magnetic resonance (MR) CISS, conventional T1-weighted (T1-W) and T2-weighted (T2-W) images were acquired on the day of birth to compare the anatomical findings with each sequence. We also performed curvilinear reconstruction of the CISS images, which can be reconstructed along the curved spinal cord and neural placode. Neural placodes were demonstrated in two patients on T1-W images and in three patients on T2-W images. T2-W images revealed a small number of nerve roots in two patients, while no nerve roots were demonstrated on T1-W images. In contrast, CISS images clearly demonstrated neural placodes and spinal nerve roots in four patients. These findings were in accordance with intraoperative findings. Curvilinear CISS images demonstrated the neuroanatomy around the myeloschisis in one slice. The resulting images were degraded by a band artifact that obstructed fine anatomical analysis of the nerve roots in the ventral CSF space. The placode and nerve roots could not be visualized in one patient in whom the CSF space was narrow due to the collapse of the myelomeningocele sac. MR CISS imaging is superior to T1-W and T2-W imaging for demonstrating the neural placode and nerve roots, although problems remain in terms of artifacts. (orig.)

  17. Guide for Schoolhouse Planning and Construction, Comprising Suggestions, Recommendations, and Mandatory Requirements Relating to the Construction of Public School Buildings in the State of New Jersey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton.

    This guide is designed to show architects, school board members, and educators ways to reduce the cost of school construction without impairing the educational opportunities offered to pupils, and to bring building requirements and recommendations in line with modern thinking and the newer construction materials. Its purposes are--(1) to present a…

  18. Nonlinear imaging (NIM) of flaws in a complex composite stiffened panel using a constructive nonlinear array (CNA) technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malfense Fierro, Gian Piero; Meo, Michele

    2017-02-01

    Recently, there has been high interest in the capabilities of nonlinear ultrasound techniques for damage/defect detection as these techniques have been shown to be quite accurate in imaging some particular type of damage. This paper presents a Constructive Nonlinear Array (CNA) method, for the detection and imaging of material defects/damage in a complex composite stiffened panel. CNA requires the construction of an ultrasound array in a similar manner to standard phased arrays systems, which require multiple transmitting and receiving elements. The method constructively phase-match multiple captured signals at a particular position given multiple transmit positions, similar to the total focusing method (TFM) method. Unlike most of the ultrasonic linear techniques, a longer excitation signal was used to achieve a steady-state excitation at each capturing position, so that compressive and tensile stress at defect/crack locations increases the likelihood of the generation of nonlinear elastic waves. Moreover, the technique allows the reduction of instrumentation nonlinear wave generation by relying on signal attenuation to naturally filter these errors. Experimental tests were carried out on a stiffened panel with manufacturing defects. Standard industrial linear ultrasonic test were carried out for comparison. The proposed new method allows to image damages/defects in a reliable and reproducible manner and overcomes some of the main limitations of nonlinear ultrasound techniques. In particular, the effectiveness and robustness of CNA and the advantages over linear ultrasonic were clearly demonstrated allowing a better resolution and imaging of complex and realistic flaws.

  19. Constructing new expertise: private and public initiatives for safe food (Brussels in the first half of the nineteenth century).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scholliers, Peter

    2014-10-01

    In 1856, the mayor of Brussels proposed the establishment of a municipal laboratory with a chemist to analyse food and beverages to restrain fraud. His proposal was accepted and a laboratory - possibly one of the first municipal laboratories in Europe - was set up. The laboratory still exists today. This paper aims at tracing the conditions in which it emerged, situating it within the laissez-faire context of the time. It was brought into existence by a liberal administration, in a period of little interventionism replete with unencumbered private interests (those of bakers, butchers, grocers, millers, pharmacists, doctors and so on). What will be considered here is the general mood with regard to food fraud, fair trade, correct price, and the quality of food in the first half of the nineteenth century. On a broader level, this contribution addresses the frictions between private and public initiative, while focusing on the process of construction of expertise. The paper makes use of contemporary documents such as reviews, newspapers, association reports and city council chronicles.

  20. Constructing New Expertise: Private and Public Initiatives for Safe Food (Brussels in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scholliers, Peter

    2014-01-01

    In 1856, the mayor of Brussels proposed the establishment of a municipal laboratory with a chemist to analyse food and beverages to restrain fraud. His proposal was accepted and a laboratory – possibly one of the first municipal laboratories in Europe – was set up. The laboratory still exists today. This paper aims at tracing the conditions in which it emerged, situating it within the laissez-faire context of the time. It was brought into existence by a liberal administration, in a period of little interventionism replete with unencumbered private interests (those of bakers, butchers, grocers, millers, pharmacists, doctors and so on). What will be considered here is the general mood with regard to food fraud, fair trade, correct price, and the quality of food in the first half of the nineteenth century. On a broader level, this contribution addresses the frictions between private and public initiative, while focusing on the process of construction of expertise. The paper makes use of contemporary documents such as reviews, newspapers, association reports and city council chronicles. PMID:25284894

  1. Digital utopias and real cities—computer-generated images in re-design of public space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marianna Michałowska

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Virtual environments are seen nowadays as extensions of our physical activities in the city. Are people, however, aware what the digitally mediated cities they live in are? The starting point of my paper is a question of how computer-generated images (CGIs influence human perception of real space. I am interested in the conflict between a vision and reality, which occurs when an architectural project materialises in a public space and is subsequently rejected by the inhabitants. To explain this conflict, I will use the notion of digital utopias and compare CGIs with the great tradition of “paper” architecture. I will analyse two case studies from a medium-sized Polish city—Poznań. The first case is a redevelopment of the Main Railway Station; the second is a re-design of a local square in Poznań. The analysis focuses on the ambiguity of CGIs used to advertise new investments. The Station in the phase of digital visualisation was appreciated by the Poznań inhabitants but when the project was finally realised, strong criticism of its users followed. The second one provoked public protests already in the phase of visualisation. In conclusion, I state that the concept of agonistic public spaces should be expanded and its virtual dimension should be taken into consideration as well. When dealing with hyper-realistic CGIs, we experience a certain utopia. Confronted with their material execution, we often experience dystopian disillusion which stirs us into action.

  2. Noninvasive quantification of in vitro osteoblastic differentiation in 3D engineered tissue constructs using spectral ultrasound imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gudur, Madhu Sudhan Reddy; Rao, Rameshwar R; Peterson, Alexis W; Caldwell, David J; Stegemann, Jan P; Deng, Cheri X

    2014-01-01

    Non-destructive monitoring of engineered tissues is needed for translation of these products from the lab to the clinic. In this study, non-invasive, high resolution spectral ultrasound imaging (SUSI) was used to monitor the differentiation of MC3T3 pre-osteoblasts seeded within collagen hydrogels. SUSI was used to measure the diameter, concentration and acoustic attenuation of scatterers within such constructs cultured in either control or osteogenic medium over 21 days. Conventional biochemical assays were used on parallel samples to determine DNA content and calcium deposition. Construct volume and morphology were accurately imaged using ultrasound. Cell diameter was estimated to be approximately 12.5-15.5 µm using SUSI, which corresponded well to measurements of fluorescently stained cells. The total number of cells per construct assessed by quantitation of DNA content decreased from 5.6±2.4×10(4) at day 1 to 0.9±0.2×10(4) at day 21. SUSI estimation of the equivalent number of acoustic scatters showed a similar decreasing trend, except at day 21 in the osteogenic samples, which showed a marked increase in both scatterer number and acoustic impedance, suggestive of mineral deposition by the differentiating MC3T3 cells. Estimation of calcium content by SUSI was 41.7±11.4 µg/ml, which agreed well with the biochemical measurement of 38.7±16.7 µg/ml. Color coded maps of parameter values were overlaid on B-mode images to show spatiotemporal changes in cell diameter and calcium deposition. This study demonstrates the use of non-destructive ultrasound imaging to provide quantitative information on the number and differentiated state of cells embedded within 3D engineered constructs, and therefore presents a valuable tool for longitudinal monitoring of engineered tissue development.

  3. WE-D-18A-05: Construction of Realistic Liver Phantoms From Patient Images and a Commercial 3D Printer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leng, S; Vrieze, T; Kuhlmann, J; Yu, L; Matsumoto, J; Morris, J; McCollough, C [Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (United States)

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To assess image quality and radiation dose reduction in abdominal CT imaging, physical phantoms having realistic background textures and lesions are highly desirable. The purpose of this work was to construct a liver phantom with realistic background and lesions using patient CT images and a 3D printer. Methods: Patient CT images containing liver lesions were segmented into liver tissue, contrast-enhanced vessels, and liver lesions using commercial software (Mimics, Materialise, Belgium). Stereolithography (STL) files of each segmented object were created and imported to a 3D printer (Object350 Connex, Stratasys, MN). After test scans were performed to map the eight available printing materials into CT numbers, printing materials were assigned to each object and a physical liver phantom printed. The printed phantom was scanned on a clinical CT scanner and resulting images were compared with the original patient CT images. Results: The eight available materials used to print the liver phantom had CT number ranging from 62 to 117 HU. In scans of the liver phantom, the liver lesions and veins represented in the STL files were all visible. Although the absolute value of the CT number in the background liver material (approx. 85 HU) was higher than in patients (approx. 40 HU), the difference in CT numbers between lesions and background were representative of the low contrast values needed for optimization tasks. Future work will investigate materials with contrast sufficient to emulate contrast-enhanced arteries. Conclusion: Realistic liver phantoms can be constructed from patient CT images using a commercial 3D printer. This technique may provide phantoms able to determine the effect of radiation dose reduction and noise reduction techniques on the ability to detect subtle liver lesions in the context of realistic background textures.

  4. Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmental Audit in Large-Scale Public Infrastructure Construction: The Case of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Guizhen; Zhang, Lei; Lu, Yonglong

    2009-09-01

    Large-scale public infrastructure projects have featured in China’s modernization course since the early 1980s. During the early stages of China’s rapid economic development, public attention focused on the economic and social impact of high-profile construction projects. In recent years, however, we have seen a shift in public concern toward the environmental and ecological effects of such projects, and today governments are required to provide valid environmental impact assessments prior to allowing large-scale construction. The official requirement for the monitoring of environmental conditions has led to an increased number of debates in recent years regarding the effectiveness of Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) and Governmental Environmental Audits (GEAs) as environmental safeguards in instances of large-scale construction. Although EIA and GEA are conducted by different institutions and have different goals and enforcement potential, these two practices can be closely related in terms of methodology. This article cites the construction of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway as an instance in which EIA and GEA offer complementary approaches to environmental impact management. This study concludes that the GEA approach can serve as an effective follow-up to the EIA and establishes that the EIA lays a base for conducting future GEAs. The relationship that emerges through a study of the Railway’s construction calls for more deliberate institutional arrangements and cooperation if the two practices are to be used in concert to optimal effect.

  5. Environmental impact assessment and environmental audit in large-scale public infrastructure construction: the case of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Guizhen; Zhang, Lei; Lu, Yonglong

    2009-09-01

    Large-scale public infrastructure projects have featured in China's modernization course since the early 1980s. During the early stages of China's rapid economic development, public attention focused on the economic and social impact of high-profile construction projects. In recent years, however, we have seen a shift in public concern toward the environmental and ecological effects of such projects, and today governments are required to provide valid environmental impact assessments prior to allowing large-scale construction. The official requirement for the monitoring of environmental conditions has led to an increased number of debates in recent years regarding the effectiveness of Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) and Governmental Environmental Audits (GEAs) as environmental safeguards in instances of large-scale construction. Although EIA and GEA are conducted by different institutions and have different goals and enforcement potential, these two practices can be closely related in terms of methodology. This article cites the construction of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway as an instance in which EIA and GEA offer complementary approaches to environmental impact management. This study concludes that the GEA approach can serve as an effective follow-up to the EIA and establishes that the EIA lays a base for conducting future GEAs. The relationship that emerges through a study of the Railway's construction calls for more deliberate institutional arrangements and cooperation if the two practices are to be used in concert to optimal effect.

  6. Construction of a Ca II Core-to-Wing Ratio Image

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, H.

    2015-12-01

    To understand Earth's climate, we must first understand the Sun. However, there are still significant uncertainties associated with both the fundamental mechanisms of solar variability and how they enter into the Earth's climate system. An important method to study the causes of solar variability can be found through the analysis of solar images. The Precision Solar Photometric Telescope (PSPT) located at the Mauna Loa Solar Observatory (MLSO) acquires images of the Sun in three different photometric bands to monitor the evolution of solar surface features that change over the course of a solar cycle. These images provide a complete knowledge about the Sun by targeting different layers of the solar atmosphere. Though raw images are meaningful and important, precision image processing is required to remove instrumental artifacts and false features that may appear in these images prior to usage for scientific purposes. A scientific application of the high precision solar images is investigated by analyzing a set of narrow band of Calcium II K core and wing images. The Core and Wing images are processed to remove the influence of the center-to-limb variation; the resultant core-to-wing ratio image enhances the appearance of network structures on the entire solar disk along with the more obvious facula and plage brightening associated with the passage of active regions.

  7. 公共图书馆专题图书馆的建设与服务%The Construction and Service of Subject Library in Public Lilbrary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李彩萍

    2012-01-01

    专题图书馆是收藏专题文献资源,面向特定读者开展专题服务的图书馆。专题图书馆的建设,是公共图书馆服务创新的新举措。结合我国图书馆专题图书馆的建设实践,探讨了公共图书馆专题图书馆的建设与服务。%Subject library is the kind of libraries that carries out subject services on the basis of subject literatures. The construction of subject library is a new measure of service innovation in public library.This paper discusses the construction and service of subject library in public library combining with the practice of the construction of subject libraries in China.

  8. Publics in the making: mediating different methods of engagement and the publics these construct : commentary on: "Technologies of democracy: experiments and demonstrations".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohr, Alison

    2011-12-01

    The potential for public engagement to democratise science has come under increasing scrutiny amid concerns that conflicting motivations have led to confusion about what engagement means to those who mediate science and publics. This raises important yet relatively unexplored questions regarding how publics are constituted by different forms of engagement used by intermediary scholars and other actors. It is possible to identify at least two possible 'rationalities of mediation' that mobilise different versions of the public and the roles they are assumed to play, as 'citizens' or 'users', in discussions around technology. However, combinations of rationalities are found in practice and these have significant implications for the 'new' scientific democracy.

  9. Unbiased group-wise image registration: applications in brain fiber tract atlas construction and functional connectivity analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geng, Xiujuan; Gu, Hong; Shin, Wanyong; Ross, Thomas J; Yang, Yihong

    2011-10-01

    We propose an unbiased implicit-reference group-wise (IRG) image registration method and demonstrate its applications in the construction of a brain white matter fiber tract atlas and the analysis of resting-state functional MRI (fMRI) connectivity. Most image registration techniques pair-wise align images to a selected reference image and group analyses are performed in the reference space, which may produce bias. The proposed method jointly estimates transformations, with an elastic deformation model, registering all images to an implicit reference corresponding to the group average. The unbiased registration is applied to build a fiber tract atlas by registering a group of diffusion tensor images. Compared to reference-based registration, the IRG registration improves the fiber track overlap within the group. After applying the method in the fMRI connectivity analysis, results suggest a general improvement in functional connectivity maps at a group level in terms of larger cluster size and higher average t-scores.

  10. Customer Relations Management sebagai Salah Satu Upaya Public Relations Perusahaan Jasa Perbankan Menciptakan Good Image

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prima Ayu Rizqi Mahanani

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with marketing trends in the 21st century is shifting from a transactional approach to the relational approach with focus on the fulfillment of needs, satisfaction, and pleasure affect business banking customers are very dependent on the customer. Map business services banking services fickle demands creativity public relations in providing the best service to its customers get a good image. Service concept using the service paradigm leading to cultivate the power of the customer based on the customer satisfaction-oriented, widely used by business banking services at this time. Paradigms that focus on how to provide services to the customer so that the customer was satisfied, beyond what can be given to something that is important and not to be underestimated. Skills to understand and fulfill customer expectations should be every company’s business philosophy of banking services and customer relationship management is a strategy

  11. Constructive role of sensors nonlinearities in the acquisition of partially polarized speckle images

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Delahaies, Agnes; Rousseau, David; Chapeau-Blondeau, Francois [Laboratoire d' Ingenierie des Systemes Automatises (LISA), Universite d' Angers, 62 avenue Notre Dame du Lac, 49000 Angers (France); Gindre, Denis, E-mail: david.rousseau@univ-angers.f [Laboratoire des Proprietes Optiques des Materiaux et Applications (POMA), Universite d' Angers, 2 boulevard Lavoisier, 49000 Angers (France)

    2010-02-01

    We study the impact of the level of the speckle noise on data acquisition in a partially polarized coherent imaging system with the presence of a nonlinearity in the imaging sensor characteristic. In perfectly linear acquisition conditions, due to the essentially multiplicative action of the speckle, the image contrast is unchanged as the speckle noise level increases, and so it has no impact on the quality of the acquired images. On the contrary, in nonlinear conditions the acquisition is affected by the speckle noise level. However, this effect of the speckle is not always detrimental. We show that, in definite nonlinear conditions, there is usually an optimal level of the speckle noise that leads to a maximum quality of the acquired images. We theoretically analyze such nonlinear regimes with partially polarized speckled images. We specifically exhibit the existence of an optimal speckle noise level in the interesting case of images realized only by a depolarization contrast. Illustrations are given with a simple 1-bit hard limiter and binary images. Then, we propose and discuss as perspectives an experimental optical setup to confront theory and experiment.

  12. Construction of a System for Defining Areas which are not Obtained Data from Stereo Images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yanagi, H.; Chikatsu, H.

    2012-07-01

    Recently, digital documentation and visualization of various cultural assets have been receiving attention. For example, a small Buddha with a height of approximately 4 cm is categorized as a cultural asset. Such a small object has to be documented. Generally, in order to perform 3D modeling of small objects from the viewpoint of digital very close range photogrammetry, multi view images are taken. However, it is important to confirm the occluded part and image quality after taking images. In order to confirm the defocusing of images and the areas which were not obtained data from stereo images, a system is proposed for confirming data with a macro lens and convenient 3D measurement software called 3DiVision. Finally, it is proposed that the data be supplemented in areas which are not obtained data.

  13. prepare_taxa_charts.py: A Python program to automate generation of publication ready taxonomic pie chart images from QIIME.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakhujani, Vijay; Badapanda, Chandan

    2017-06-01

    QIIME (Quantitative Insights Into Microbial Ecology) is one of the most popular open-source bioinformatics suite for performing metagenome, 16S rRNA amplicon and Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) data analysis. Although, it is very comprehensive and powerful tool, it lacks a method to provide publication ready taxonomic pie charts. The script plot_taxa_summary.py bundled with QIIME generate a html file and a folder containing taxonomic pie chart and legend as separate images. The images have randomly generated alphanumeric names. Therefore, it is difficult to associate the pie chart with the legend and the corresponding sample identifier. Even if the option to have the legend within the html file is selected while executing plot_taxa_summary.py, it is very tedious to crop a complete image (having both the pie chart and the legend) due to unequal image sizes. It requires a lot of time to manually prepare the pie charts for multiple samples for publication purpose. Moreover, there are chances of error while identifying the pie chart and legend pair due to random alphanumeric names of the images. To bypass all these bottlenecks and make this process efficient, we have developed a python based program, prepare_taxa_charts.py, to automate the renaming, cropping and merging of taxonomic pie chart and corresponding legend image into a single, good quality publication ready image. This program not only augments the functionality of plot_taxa_summary.py but is also very fast in terms of CPU time and user friendly.

  14. Machine Vision Analysis of Characteristics and Image Information Base Construction for Hybrid Rice Seed

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Incompletely closed glumes, germination on panicle and disease ara thrae important factors causing poor seed quality of hybrid rice. To determine how many and which categories should be classified to meet the demand for seed in rice production, the effects of various degrees of incompletely closed glumes, germination on panicle and disease on germination percentage at the harvest and after storage for six months were studied by standard germination percentage test. Six categories of seeds with germ (germinated seeds), severe disease, incompletely closed glumes, spot disease, fine fissure and normal seeds were inspected and then treated separately. Images of the five hybrid rice seed (Jinyou 402, Shanyou 10, Zhongyou 27, Jiayou 99 and Ⅱ you 3207) were acquired with a self-developed machine vision system. Each image could be processed to get the feature values of seed region such as length, width, ratio of length to width, araa, solidity and hue. Then all the images of normal seeds were calculated to draw the feature value ranges of each hybrid rice variety. Finally, an image information base that stores typical images and related feature values of each variety was established. This image information base can help us to identify the classification limit of characteristics, and provide the reference of the threshold selection. The management of large numbers of pictures and the addition of new varieties have been supported. The research laid a foundation for extracting image features of hybrid rice seed, which is a key approach to futura quality inspection with machine vision.

  15. 4D reconstruction of the past: the image retrieval and 3D model construction pipeline

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadjiprocopis, Andreas; Ioannides, Marinos; Wenzel, Konrad; Rothermel, Mathias; Johnsons, Paul S.; Fritsch, Dieter; Doulamis, Anastasios; Protopapadakis, Eftychios; Kyriakaki, Georgia; Makantasis, Kostas; Weinlinger, Guenther; Klein, Michael; Fellner, Dieter; Stork, Andre; Santos, Pedro

    2014-08-01

    One of the main characteristics of the Internet era we are living in, is the free and online availability of a huge amount of data. This data is of varied reliability and accuracy and exists in various forms and formats. Often, it is cross-referenced and linked to other data, forming a nexus of text, images, animation and audio enabled by hypertext and, recently, by the Web3.0 standard. Our main goal is to enable historians, architects, archaeolo- gists, urban planners and affiliated professionals to reconstruct views of historical monuments from thousands of images floating around the web. This paper aims to provide an update of our progress in designing and imple- menting a pipeline for searching, filtering and retrieving photographs from Open Access Image Repositories and social media sites and using these images to build accurate 3D models of archaeological monuments as well as enriching multimedia of cultural / archaeological interest with metadata and harvesting the end products to EU- ROPEANA. We provide details of how our implemented software searches and retrieves images of archaeological sites from Flickr and Picasa repositories as well as strategies on how to filter the results, on two levels; a) based on their built-in metadata including geo-location information and b) based on image processing and clustering techniques. We also describe our implementation of a Structure from Motion pipeline designed for producing 3D models using the large collection of 2D input images (>1000) retrieved from Internet Repositories.

  16. Monitoring Urban Tree Cover Using Object-Based Image Analysis and Public Domain Remotely Sensed Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meghan Halabisky

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Urban forest ecosystems provide a range of social and ecological services, but due to the heterogeneity of these canopies their spatial extent is difficult to quantify and monitor. Traditional per-pixel classification methods have been used to map urban canopies, however, such techniques are not generally appropriate for assessing these highly variable landscapes. Landsat imagery has historically been used for per-pixel driven land use/land cover (LULC classifications, but the spatial resolution limits our ability to map small urban features. In such cases, hyperspatial resolution imagery such as aerial or satellite imagery with a resolution of 1 meter or below is preferred. Object-based image analysis (OBIA allows for use of additional variables such as texture, shape, context, and other cognitive information provided by the image analyst to segment and classify image features, and thus, improve classifications. As part of this research we created LULC classifications for a pilot study area in Seattle, WA, USA, using OBIA techniques and freely available public aerial photography. We analyzed the differences in accuracies which can be achieved with OBIA using multispectral and true-color imagery. We also compared our results to a satellite based OBIA LULC and discussed the implications of per-pixel driven vs. OBIA-driven field sampling campaigns. We demonstrated that the OBIA approach can generate good and repeatable LULC classifications suitable for tree cover assessment in urban areas. Another important finding is that spectral content appeared to be more important than spatial detail of hyperspatial data when it comes to an OBIA-driven LULC.

  17. Public financing of research projects in Poland – its image and consequences?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feldy Marzena

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Both the size of appropriation as well as their distribution have had a profound impact on the shape and activities of the science sector. The creation of a fair system of distribution of public resources to research that will also facilitate the effective implementation of the pursued scientific policy goals represents a major challenge. The issue of the determination of the right proportions of individual distribution channels remains critical. Despite this task being the responsibility of the State, establishing cooperation in this respect with the scientific community is desirable. The implementation of solutions that raise the concerns of scientists leads to system instability and reduced effectiveness which is manifest among others in a lower level of indicators of scientific excellence and innovation in the country. These observations are pertinent to Poland where the manner in which scientific institutes operate were changed under the 2009–2011 reform. A neoliberal operating model based on competitiveness and rewarding of top rated scientific establishments and scientists was implemented. In light of these facts, the initiation of research that will provide information on how the implemented changes are perceived by the scientific community seems to be appropriate. The aim of this article is in particlar presenting how the project model of financing laid down under the reform is perceived and what kind of image has been shaped among Polish scientists. In order to gain a comprehensive picture of the situation, both the rational and emotional image was subject to analysis. The conclusions regarding the perception of the project model were drawn on the basis of empirical materials collected in a qualitative study the specifics of which will be presented in the chapter on methodology. Prior to that, the author discusses the basic models for the distribution of state support for science and characterises the most salient features of the

  18. 谈城市公共休闲空间的构建%Discussion on the construction of urban public recreation space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任波

    2016-01-01

    简述了构建城市公共休闲空间需要的基本条件,从以人为本、可持续发展、公共效益优先、多样化发展等方面,探讨了城市公共休闲空间的构建策略,从而满足人们对城市公共空间的功能需求。%The paper briefly describes basic conditions of buildinf urban public recreation space. Startinf from aspects of human orientation,sus-tainable development,public benefit priority and variety development,it explores the construction stratefies of urban public recreation space,so as to meet people’s functional demands for urban public space.

  19. Construction of a homogeneous phantom for radiographic image standardization; Construcao de um fantoma homogeneo para padronizacao de imagens radiograficas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pina, Diana Rodrigues de

    1996-12-31

    The principle of radiodiagnosis consists in the fact the X-ray beam is attenuated at different degrees by distinct tissues. For this reason, the anatomical structures have distinct radiological opacities, that produce the radiographic image. The progresses in radiology are related to the development if new radiographic image formation systems that enable an amplification in the quality, with low dose and/or risk to the patient. The objective of this work is the sensitometric valuation of a screen-film combination, that is still the most used, for the standardization, of radiographic images. Thinking about this, were constructed homogeneous phantoms of the chest, skull and pelvis, for the calibration of X-ray beams, with the purpose of obtaining radiographic images of good quality, basing in the routine of a radiodiagnosis service and in the scientific knowledge. Questions were approached about the choice of the suitable equipment, that allow the obtention of k Vp and m As combinations, to produce radiographic images of good quality, and the reproduction of these combinations to any conventional equipment of diagnostic X-rays. Also presented are the comparison of the doses imparted by these combinations and those used in routine of the Hospital das Clinicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirao Preto`s radiodiagnosis service. (author) 24 refs., 27 figs., 12 tabs.

  20. Construction of source positioning system in RALS with using I.I.-DR image

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Minamoto, Takahiro; Oda, Masahiko; Nakae, Yasuo [Hyogo Coll. of Medicine, Nishinomiya (Japan). Hospital; Kamikonya, Norihiko; Nakao, Norio [Hyogo Coll. of Medicine, Nishinomiya (Japan)

    2003-03-01

    In the Remote After Loading System (RALS), the source position is reconstructed as a 3 dimensional position by X-ray catheter points on bi-plane X-ray films. There are several reconstruction methods. However, the geometrical accuracy of the source coordinate position is important to evaluate dose distribution in any case. Many institutions adopted a C-arm X-ray fluoroscopic system with a rotational mechanism due to the simplicity of handling. However, the image intensifier (I.I.)-digital radiography (DR) image by the C-arm system has image distortion that results from mechanical accuracy and fluorescence plane of I.I., and films are used to confirm the source position in RALS. Therefore, the RALS positioning system that corrected I.I. DR image distortion was reconstructed. RALS positioning system kept reconstruction accuracy of the source coordinate position within 1 mm and this system also realized simplification of work and shortening in treatment time. (author)

  1. 意见领袖在农村舆论构建中的作用%Significance of Opinion Leader in the Construction of Rural Public Opinion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金柔雅; 宁利娟; 郭大燕

    2011-01-01

    在界定意见领袖的概念、论述意见领袖在农村舆论中的必要性的基础上,探讨了意见领袖在农村舆论构建中的作用.%Based on the definition of the concept of opinion leader and the necessity of opinion leader in the rural public opinion, the significance of opinion leader in the construction of rural public opinion was expounded.

  2. Construction of multi-functional open modulized Matlab simulation toolbox for imaging ladar system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Long; Zhao, Yuan; Tang, Meng; He, Jiang; Zhang, Yong

    2011-06-01

    Ladar system simulation is to simulate the ladar models using computer simulation technology in order to predict the performance of the ladar system. This paper presents the developments of laser imaging radar simulation for domestic and overseas studies and the studies of computer simulation on ladar system with different application requests. The LadarSim and FOI-LadarSIM simulation facilities of Utah State University and Swedish Defence Research Agency are introduced in details. This paper presents the low level of simulation scale, un-unified design and applications of domestic researches in imaging ladar system simulation, which are mostly to achieve simple function simulation based on ranging equations for ladar systems. Design of laser imaging radar simulation with open and modularized structure is proposed to design unified modules for ladar system, laser emitter, atmosphere models, target models, signal receiver, parameters setting and system controller. Unified Matlab toolbox and standard control modules have been built with regulated input and output of the functions, and the communication protocols between hardware modules. A simulation based on ICCD gain-modulated imaging ladar system for a space shuttle is made based on the toolbox. The simulation result shows that the models and parameter settings of the Matlab toolbox are able to simulate the actual detection process precisely. The unified control module and pre-defined parameter settings simplify the simulation of imaging ladar detection. Its open structures enable the toolbox to be modified for specialized requests. The modulization gives simulations flexibility.

  3. 公共图书馆建设音乐欣赏厅之研究%Research on the Construction of Music Appreciation Hall in Public Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓文婷

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT:This paper illustrates the necessity and present situation of the construction of music appreciation hall in public library, analyzes the characteristics and functions of the music appreciation hall, and based on this, probes into the concrete implementation methods for constructing the music appreciation hall in public library.%阐述了公共图书馆建设音乐欣赏厅的必要性与现状,分析了音乐欣赏厅的特点与作用,在此基础上,探讨了公共图书馆建设音乐欣赏厅的具体实施方法。

  4. Design and construction of an optical test bed for eLISA imaging systems and tilt-to-length coupling

    CERN Document Server

    Chwalla, Michael; Barranco, Germán Fernández; Fitzsimons, Ewan; Gerberding, Oliver; Heinzel, Gerhard; Killow, Christian J; Lieser, Maike; Perreur-Lloyd, Michael; Robertson, David I; Schuster, Sönke; Schwarze, Thomas S; Tröbs, Michael; Ward, Henry; Zwetz, Max

    2016-01-01

    The evolved Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (eLISA) is a future space-based interferometric gravitational-wave detector consisting of three spacecraft in a triangular configuration. The interferometric measurements of path length changes between satellites will be performed on optical benches in the satellites. Angular misalignments of the interfering beams will couple into the length measurement and represent a significant noise source (tilt-to-length (TTL) coupling). Imaging systems are foreseen to reduce this TTL coupling. We have designed and built two different imaging systems to suppress this coupling. To investigate tilt-to-length coupling experimentally we designed and constructed an optical test bed. It consists of a minimal optical bench and a telescope simulator. The minimal optical bench comprises the science interferometer where the local laser is interfered with light from a remote spacecraft. In our experiment, a simulated version of this received beam is generated on the telescope simulator...

  5. Construction and analysis of simulated Venera and Magellan images of Venus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arvidson, R. E.; Schulte, M.; Kwok, R.; Curlander, J.; Elachi, C.

    1988-10-01

    The 1-3 km resolution Venera 15 and 16 images of Venus and the expected 120-300 m resolution Magellan mission image data are presently simulated through a digital processing of Seasat radar images covering a desert dune complex in the Gran Desierto of Sonora, accreted terranes in the central interior of Alaska, and the Appalachian Valley and Ridge Province. The simulations suggest that the nature and extent of terrain modification on Venus by such exogenic processes as atmosphere-surface weathering, erosion, and deposition, will remain uncertain, since the length scale of features indicative of such processes may be too small to be discerned from Venera data; Magellan data may provide this critical fine-scale morphological data, however, and thereby allow the testing of the two competing resurfacing scenarios.

  6. From Function to Context to Form: Supporting the Construction of the Product Image

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Restrepo-Giraldo, John Dairo

    2005-01-01

    . The reason is that the algorithms available cannot recognize what the image contains (in semantic terms) but humans can, and with great facility. This ability was reflected in the searching process of the designers in our studies. It is very natural for them to expect living room furniture if using a sofa....... On the technological side, it shows how to implement such representations in a Query By Example (QBE) computer program using a Content Based Retrieval Approach (CBIR) so that it eliminates the problems associated with human mediated indexing and description. It is done by three empirical studies whose main objectives...... implications of the results on the development of a system to handle design precedents. One of the motivations to use Content Based Image Retrieval System (CBIRS) was the promise of results without having to describe, organize and index each image, as is necessary in current systems to handle design precedents...

  7. Approaches to the Construction of Public Trust of China's Nonprofit Organizations%我国非营利组织公信力建设的途径研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李聪聪; 宋锦洲

    2012-01-01

    非营利组织(NPO)在我国社会转型中发挥着越来越大的作用,然而NPO的发展也面临着严峻的挑战,尤其是NPO各种各样的丑闻及腐败案件接二连三的出现,使得NPO公信力下降,由此产生了严重的信任危机。因而,重塑NPO的形象,促进NPO公信力建设已成为重要的现实课题。从NPO内涵出发,针对目前我国NPO发展过程中出现的公信力下降问题,从NPO的内部和外部两方面进行原因分析,提出了促进我国NPO公信力建设的具体途径。%Nonprofit organizations(NPO) are playing an increasingly greater role in China's social transformation.However their development is also facing severe challenges.Especially with the emergence of a series of NPO-related scandals and corruptions,the public trust of NPO has declined and resulted in very serious crisis of trust.Therefore,it is of great realistic significance to remold the image of NPO and promote the construction of NPO's public trust.Starting from the connotation of NPO,the writers of this article make an analysis of both the inner and outer causes for the decline of NPO's public trust and put forward concrete approaches to promoting the public trust construction of China's NPO.

  8. 韶关核电站建设的舆情分析及对策%The Public Opinion Analysis and Countermeasures to Nuclear Plant Construction in Shaoguan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周新成

    2012-01-01

    As Japan's Fukushima nuclear power plant leak caused a crisis of confidence in Shaoguan City, Guangdong Nuclear Power Group, Qujiang District town of clay to build a nuclear power plant project led to hot and Shaoguan public fears, nuclear power is regarded as a public safety involving the vital interests of the public, and public acceptance of nuclear power nuclear power development will also have an important impact. Shaoguan nuclear power plant construction for a full analysis of public opinion, can eliminate some public concern and even fear of the psychological measures, and enhance the public acceptance of nuclear power construction and development and understanding, Shaoguan City, nuclear power will help the smooth progress of the project and create a more harmonious nuclear power development environment.%日本福岛核电站泄漏带来的核电信任危机,导致广东核电集团在韶关市曲江区白土镇筹建的核电项目引来了韶关市民的关注。核电被视作为一种公共安全,涉及了公众的切身利益,而核电公众接受性对核电的发展亦产生着重要的影响。对韶关核电站建设的公众舆论进行分析研究,提出消除公众担忧甚至恐惧的心理对策.增强公众对核电建设与发展的接受与理解,有利于韶关市核电项目的顺利进行和营造更为和谐的核电发展环境。

  9. Design and construction of an optical test bed for LISA imaging systems and tilt-to-length coupling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chwalla, M.; Danzmann, K.; Fernández Barranco, G.; Fitzsimons, E.; Gerberding, O.; Heinzel, G.; Killow, C. J.; Lieser, M.; Perreur-Lloyd, M.; Robertson, D. I.; Schuster, S.; Schwarze, T. S.; Tröbs, M.; Ward, H.; Zwetz, M.

    2016-12-01

    The laser interferometer space antenna (LISA) is a future space-based interferometric gravitational-wave detector consisting of three spacecraft in a triangular configuration. The interferometric measurements of path length changes between satellites will be performed on optical benches in the satellites. Angular misalignments of the interfering beams couple into the length measurement and represent a significant noise source. Imaging systems will be used to reduce this tilt-to-length coupling. We designed and constructed an optical test bed to experimentally investigate tilt-to-length coupling. It consists of two separate structures, a minimal optical bench and a telescope simulator. The minimal optical bench comprises the science interferometer where the local laser is interfered with light from a remote spacecraft. In our experiment, a simulated version of this received beam is generated on the telescope simulator. The telescope simulator provides a tilting beam, a reference interferometer and an additional static beam as a phase reference. The tilting beam can either be a flat-top beam or a Gaussian beam. We avoid tilt-to-length coupling in the reference interferometer by using a small photo diode placed at an image of the beam rotation point. We show that the test bed is operational with an initial measurement of tilt-to-length coupling without imaging systems. Furthermore, we show the design of two different imaging systems whose performance will be investigated in future experiments.

  10. Irvington Public Library, Final Performance Report for Library Services and Construction Act (LSCA) Title VI, Library Literacy Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shader, Holly

    The Irvington Public Library (Irvington, New Jersey) conducted a project that involved recruitment, retention, public awareness, training, basic literacy, collection development, tutoring, and intergenerational/family programs. The project served a community of 25,000-50,000 people, and targeted the learned disabled and intergenerational/families.…

  11. The Use of Personal Value Estimations to Select Images for Preservation in Public Library Digital Community Collections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Copeland

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available A considerable amount of information, particularly in image form, is shared on the web through social networking sites. If any of this content is worthy of preservation, who decides what is to be preserved and based on what criteria. This paper explores the potential for public libraries to assume this role of community digital repositories through the creation of digital collections. Thirty public library users and thirty librarians were solicited from the Indianapolis metropolitan area to evaluate five images selected from Flickr in terms of their value to public library digital collections and their worthiness of long-term preservation. Using a seven-point Likert scale, participants assigned a value to each image in terms of its importance to self, family and society. Participants were then asked to explain the reasoning behind their valuations. Public library users and librarians had similar value estimations of the images in the study. This is perhaps the most significant finding of the study, given the importance of collaboration and forming partnerships for building and sustaining community collections and archives.

  12. Does Higher Education Service Quality Effect Student Satisfaction, Image and Loyalty? A Study of International Students in Malaysian Public Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Faizan; Zhou, Yuan; Hussain, Kashif; Nair, Pradeep Kumar; Ragavan, Neethiahnanthan Ari

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Malaysian public universities' service quality on international student satisfaction, institutional image and loyalty. Design/methodology/approach: A total number of 400 questionnaires were distributed to international students, selected using convenience sampling technique, at…

  13. Does Higher Education Service Quality Effect Student Satisfaction, Image and Loyalty? A Study of International Students in Malaysian Public Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Faizan; Zhou, Yuan; Hussain, Kashif; Nair, Pradeep Kumar; Ragavan, Neethiahnanthan Ari

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Malaysian public universities' service quality on international student satisfaction, institutional image and loyalty. Design/methodology/approach: A total number of 400 questionnaires were distributed to international students, selected using convenience sampling technique, at…

  14. Is the hijab protective? An investigation of body image and related constructs among British Muslim women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swami, Viren; Miah, Jusnara; Noorani, Nazerine; Taylor, Donna

    2014-08-01

    Previous studies have reported equivocal findings concerning the impact of wearing a hijab, or Islamic head- and body-cover, on Muslim women's body image. Here, we sought to examine that impact using a larger sample of Muslim women than has been relied upon and a wider range of body image measures. A total of 587 British Muslim women completed a battery of scales assessing their frequency and conservativeness of hijab use, body image variables, attitudes towards the media and beauty ideals, importance of appearance, and religiosity. Preliminary results indicated that 218 women never used the hijab and 369 women used some form of the hijab at least rarely. Controlling for religiosity, women who wore the hijab had more positive body image, lower internalization of media messages about beauty standards, and placed less importance on appearance than women who did not wear the hijab. Among women who wore the hijab, hijab use significantly predicted weight discrepancy and body appreciation over and above religiosity. These results are discussed in terms of the possible protective impact among British Muslim women of wearing the hijab.

  15. New Media, Old Images: Constructing Online Representations of Women and Men in Science, Engineering and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendick, Heather; Moreau, Marie-Pierre

    2013-01-01

    This paper looks at online representations of women and men in science, engineering and technology. We show that these representations largely re/produce dominant gender discourses. We then focus on the question: How are gender cliched images re/produced online? Drawing on a discursive analysis of data from six interviews with web authors, we…

  16. The Image of the Child Constructed and Transformed by Preservice Teachers in International Contexts

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCartney, Holly; Harris, Teresa

    2014-01-01

    International experiences offer new settings for revisiting, revising, and reconstructing currently held images of the child. Specifically, international practicum experiences can provide preservice teachers with opportunities to reflect on their views about children by positioning themselves as "the other." The purpose of this…

  17. U.S. Muslim Women and Body Image: Links among Objectification Theory Constructs and the Hijab

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tolaymat, Lana D.; Moradi, Bonnie

    2011-01-01

    This study tested tenets of objectification theory and explored the role of the hijab in body image and eating disorder symptoms with a sample of 118 Muslim women in the United States. Results from a path analysis indicated that individual differences in wearing the hijab were related negatively with reported sexual objectification experiences.…

  18. New Media, Old Images: Constructing Online Representations of Women and Men in Science, Engineering and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendick, Heather; Moreau, Marie-Pierre

    2013-01-01

    This paper looks at online representations of women and men in science, engineering and technology. We show that these representations largely re/produce dominant gender discourses. We then focus on the question: How are gender cliched images re/produced online? Drawing on a discursive analysis of data from six interviews with web authors, we…

  19. Construction of the Image of the University: A Major Stakeholder Approach--The Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Traverso, Joaquin; Roman, Marisa; Gonzalez, Rosario

    2012-01-01

    Obtaining competitive advantage has become a recurrent necessity, in successful organisational management. Nowadays, intangibles represent an excellent opportunity to attain these advantages. Given its social impact, the organisational image is one of the most important intangibles to work with. In this research, a model based on the determination…

  20. [Construction of vegetation shadow index (SVI) and application effects in four remote sensing images].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Zhang-Hua; Liu, Jian; Yu, Kun-Yong; Liu, Tao; Gong, Cong-Hong; Tang, Meng-Ya; Xie, Wan-Jun; Li, Zeng-Lu

    2013-12-01

    Taking the images of Landsat TM, ALOS AVNIR-2, CBERS-02B CCD and HJ-1 CCD as the experimental data, for increasing the differences among shaded area, bright area and water further, the present paper construed a novel vegetation index-Shaded Vegetation Index(SVI), which can not only keep the absolute differences among bright area, shaded area and water area in the near-infrared band, but also can enlarge NDVI, eliminate the possible mixes, and change the histogram "skewed" phenomenon of NDVI, so the vegetation index value is closer to normal distribution, and more in line with the filed condition; this new index was applied to the surface features of large difference of the near-infrared radiation characteristics. Verified by accuracy assessment for the bright area, shaded area and water area recognition effects with SVI, it was showed that the overall classification accuracies of these images were up to 98. 89%, 100%, 97.78% and 97.78% respectively, with the overall Kappa statistics of 0.9833, 1, 0.9667, and 0.966 7, indicating that SVI has excellent detection effects for bright area, shaded area and water area; the statistical comparison of sub-images between SVI and NDVI also illustrated the reliability and effectiveness of SVI, which can be applied in the shadow removal for remote sensing images.

  1. Changes in employers' image of ideal dentists and managers in the Swedish public dental sector.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franzén, Cecilia; Söderfeldt, Björn

    2002-10-01

    Earlier studies have shown that employers are keen to have employees whose attitudinal and behavioral traits are consistent with the employers' ideology. One way of ascertaining the image of ideal individuals is to analyze the required qualifications in job advertisements. The aim of this study was to explore possible changes in the employers' view of the ideal manager and dentist in the Swedish Public Dental Health Service (PDHS). The study investigated the kinds and frequencies of manifestly required qualifications concerning vacancies in the PDHS from January 1990 to December 1998. All job advertisements intended for dentists and managers on different hierarchical levels in general dentistry were included (n = 1152); 5705 qualification demands were analyzed by content analysis permitting quantitative descriptions of the textual material as well as an analysis of the underlying characteristics over time. The study indicates that, for dentists, dental professional qualifications or qualifications in accordance with the official objective of dental care were insufficient. While requests for qualifications relating to the economic organizational goals of the PDHS increased during the latter part of the period under study, requests relating to the dental profession decreased. For managers, too, the demands for dental professional qualifications had decreased at the end of the studied period compared to the demands for managerial qualifications and non-professional qualifications, which had increased. In conclusion, the job advertisement portrays the ideal dentist and manager primarily as an economic organizational asset.

  2. Elemental images of Spain in 18th Century French culture: from material culture to public opinion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel-Henri PAGEAUX

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to illustrate certain possibilities of adaptation of literary studies to the field of «material history» as defined in the work of Fernand Braudel («material civilization» and particularly Jean-Marie Pesez in the collective work coordinated by J. Le Goff, La nouvelle histoire (1998. It thus traces, with commentary, certain elemental images of Spain (plants, fruit, wool, horses, wine, not to mention the symbolic product, gold that may have gone through a process of literaturization, but above all, of «socialization», in «literary» works and texts (ranging from the article in the Encyclopedie to the descriptive poetry so much in vogue during the Enlightenment. In spite of the fragmentation of the inquiry, a gradual reformulation of the essential bases of a «social imagery» is being made that should serve a broader study of (French «public opinion» when faced with a foreign culture (Spanish culture.

  3. Construction of an index of information from clinical practice in Radiology and Imaging Diagnosis based on text mining and thesaurus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Roberto Barbosa Serapiao

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective To construct a Portuguese language index of information on the practice of diagnostic radiology in order to improve the standardization of the medical language and terminology. Materials and Methods A total of 61,461 definitive reports were collected from the database of the Radiology Information System at Hospital das Clínicas – Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto (RIS/HCFMRP as follows: 30,000 chest x-ray reports; 27,000 mammography reports; and 4,461 thyroid ultrasonography reports. The text mining technique was applied for the selection of terms, and the ANSI/NISO Z39.19-2005 standard was utilized to construct the index based on a thesaurus structure. The system was created in *html. Results The text mining resulted in a set of 358,236 (n = 100% words. Out of this total, 76,347 (n = 21% terms were selected to form the index. Such terms refer to anatomical pathology description, imaging techniques, equipment, type of study and some other composite terms. The index system was developed with 78,538 *html web pages. Conclusion The utilization of text mining on a radiological reports database has allowed the construction of a lexical system in Portuguese language consistent with the clinical practice in Radiology.

  4. Design and Construction of a Field Capable Snapshot Hyperspectral Imaging Spectrometer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arik, Glenda H.

    2005-01-01

    The computed-tomography imaging spectrometer (CTIS) is a device which captures the spatial and spectral content of a rapidly evolving same in a single image frame. The most recent CTIS design is optically all reflective and uses as its dispersive device a stated the-art reflective computer generated hologram (CGH). This project focuses on the instrument's transition from laboratory to field. This design will enable the CTIS to withstand a harsh desert environment. The system is modeled in optical design software using a tolerance analysis. The tolerances guide the design of the athermal mount and component parts. The parts are assembled into a working mount shell where the performance of the mounts is tested for thermal integrity. An interferometric analysis of the reflective CGH is also performed.

  5. From Function to Context to Form: Supporting the Construction of the Product Image

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Restrepo-Giraldo, John Dairo

    2005-01-01

    are to: • explore different ways of (automatically) representing design precedents • test the suitability of the QBE approach to handle large collections of design precedents • learn about the criteria used by the designers to assess the relevance of design precedents used during the design process...... as sources of knowledge to generate an image of the possible solution space, to get an impression of modes, styles, trends, applications of materials and production/assembly techniques, etc. Finding the right image can be a difficult task. Many of the existing computer tools to support designing....... This allows escaping the subjectivity of the interpretations, escaping the imprecisions of language and avoiding differences in opinion between users. However promising, as was proved in the tests presented in this paper, this approach falls short of fulfilling all the designer’s needs for visual information...

  6. 2D and 3D GPR imaging of structural ceilings in historic and existing constructions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colla, Camilla

    2014-05-01

    GPR applications in civil engineering are to date quite diversified. With respect to civil constructions and monumental buildings, detection of voids, cavities, layering in structural elements, variation of geometry, of moisture content, of materials, areas of decay, defects, cracks have been reported in timber, concrete and masonry elements. Nonetheless, many more fields of investigation remain unexplored. This contribution gives an account of a variety of examples of structural ceilings investigation by GPR radar in reflection mode, either as 2D or 3D data acquisition and visualisation. Ceilings have a pre-eminent role in buildings as they contribute to a good structural behaviour of the construction. Primarily, the following functions can be listed for ceilings: a) they carry vertical dead and live loads on floors and distribute such loads to the vertical walls; b) they oppose to external horizontal forces such as wind loads and earthquakes helping to transfer such forces from the loaded element to the other walls; c) they contribute to create the box skeleton and behaviour of a building, connecting the different load bearing walls and reducing the slenderness and flexural instability of such walls. Therefore, knowing how ceilings are made in specific buildings is of paramount importance for architects and structural engineers. According to the type of building and age of construction, ceilings may present very different solutions and materials. Moreover, in existing constructions, ceilings may have been substituted, modified or strengthened due to material decay or to change of use of the building. These alterations may often go unrecorded in technical documentation or technical drawings may be unavailable. In many cases, the position, orientation and number of the load carrying elements in ceilings may be hidden or not be in sight, due for example to the presence of false ceilings or to technical plants. GPR radar can constitute a very useful tool for

  7. Large-area, flexible imaging arrays constructed by light-charge organic memories

    OpenAIRE

    Lei Zhang; Ti Wu; Yunlong Guo; Yan Zhao; Xiangnan Sun; Yugeng Wen; Gui Yu; Yunqi Liu

    2013-01-01

    Existing organic imaging circuits, which offer attractive benefits of light weight, low cost and flexibility, are exclusively based on phototransistor or photodiode arrays. One shortcoming of these photo-sensors is that the light signal should keep invariant throughout the whole pixel-addressing and reading process. As a feasible solution, we synthesized a new charge storage molecule and embedded it into a device, which we call light-charge organic memory (LCOM). In LCOM, the functionalities ...

  8. Using the WWW to Make YOHKOH SXT Images Available to the Public: The YOHKOH Public Outreach Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson, M.; McKenzie, D.; Slater, T.; Acton, L.; Alexander, D.; Freeland, S.; Lemen, J.; Metcalf, T.

    1997-05-01

    The Yohkoh Public Outreach Project (YPOP) is funded by NASA as one of the Information Infrastructure Technology and Applications Cooperative Agreement Teams to create public access to high quality Yohkoh SXT data via the World Wide Web. These products are being made available to the scientific research community, K-12 schools, and informal education centers including planetaria, museums, and libraries. The project aims to utilize the intrinsic excitement of the SXT data, and in particular the SXT movies, to develop science learning tools and classroom activities. The WWW site at URL: http://www.space.lockheed.com/YPOP/ uses a movie theater theme to highlight available Yohkoh movies in a non-intimidating and entertaining format for non-scientists. The site features lesson plans, 'solar' activities, slide shows and, of course, a variety of movies about the Sun. Classroom activities are currently undergoing development with a team of scientists and K-12 teachers for distribution in late 1997. We will display the products currently online, which include a solar classroom with activities for teachers, background resources, and a virtual tour of our Sun.

  9. 姚晨:网络新媒体之于明星形象的建构%Yao Chen:The Construction of the Star's Image through New Internet Media

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段婷婷

    2012-01-01

    The image of the star is constructed by various kinds of media as an agent,and the appearance of microblog has brought about a great change to the relationship between the stars and the public,and a new change to the construction of the image of the stars.As a No.1 popular microblog star,Yao Chen has both enriched and changed the image of star through microblog.Involved during the construction process are the following three aspects: star production,star reception,and star semiotics.%明星形象的建构以各种媒体作为介质而得以实现,微博这一网络新媒体的出现令明星和大众的关系发生了巨大的变化,同时也令明星形象的建构出现了新的改变。姚晨作为新浪微博粉丝量排行第一的明星,通过微博这一媒体丰富并改变了大众视野中的明星形象。而这一过程则渗透了明星生产、明星接受及明星符号学这三个层面。

  10. 基于营销道德的企业公共关系模式构建%The Public Relations Mode Construction of Corporate Based on Marketing Ethics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓娜; 刘先涛

    2011-01-01

    The image value, integrity value, communication value and innovation value of public relations play an irreplaceable role in the management procession. It is under the restraint of marketing ethics that the corporate makes and implements marketing strategies and public relations strategies. And it is an effective way to construct the public relations of corporate by two-way symmetrical information communicating in ethical marketing. So, the new mode can creates a more looser internal and external environment for the long-term stability development of a corporate.%公共关系的形象价值、诚信价值、沟通价值以及创新价值在企业经营过程中发挥着无可替代的作用.企业在营销道德的约束下综合考虑全局利益制定、实施营销和公关战略,通过道德营销传播双向对称信息能有效的构建企业公共关系.从而为企业长期稳定的发展营造宽松的内外部环境.

  11. Application of Electrical Resistivity Imaging and Land Surveying in the Analysis of Underground Construction Impact on the Warsaw Scarp

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaczmarek Łukasz

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the analysis of the II Underground Line construction’s impact on the Warsaw Scarp with the use of the electrical resistivity imaging (ERI, also known as the electrical resistivity tomography and further total station position measurements.The underground passes under the scarp perpendicular in the area of Dynasy Street 6, in Down-town district.The electrical resistivity imaging was performed for recognition of the geological structure and a potential land slide surface or zone.The gradient system was used during the prospection. In these analyses, the longitudinal section was 40 m long, and the depth of survey amounted to 6 m. In the case of the 200 m long transverse section, the resulted depth of survey was 30 m.The geophysical image of the longitudinal section,does not contain loosening soil zones,which could indicates lip surface.Next, total station measurements, which were tied to the archival geodetic observations’ results, were carried out. The aim of the measurements was to verify the activity of the horizontal and vertical displacements. The TBM excavation process led to summary vertical displacements up to approx. 24 mm and horizontal displacements amounting to approx. 13 mm. To sum up, the current land surveys reveals minor under ground line’ s construction impact on the scarp displacement. Nevertheless, the sensitive urban environment requires further monitoring, especially that the operation loads can result in displacement rate change.

  12. 全媒体时代警察公共关系建设路径与策略%On the Construction Means and Measures of Police Public Relations in the Era of All Media

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海中

    2013-01-01

    With the development of society and the deepening of policing reform , profound changes have taken place in the organization , function , working focus and social role of police force .In the era of all media where information transfer quickly and the public's awareness of rights and law increase rapidly , the public pose high requirements as to public security work and policing personnel .Police organizations shall respond to the ex-pectations of the public in terms of image and service and find a way to construct a harmonious relationship between police and the public in the era of all media .This paper discusses the relevant new means and measures .%随着社会发展和警务改革的深入,警察组织、警察个体的职能、工作重心和社会角色都发生了深刻的文化。在信息传播速度日益加快的全媒体时代,公众的权利意识和法制意识不断提高,公众对公安工作和警务人员的要求越来越高,警察组织必须回应公众对警察形象和警察服务的期待,探索全媒体时代警民关系的和谐之路,探讨出警察公共关系建设的新路径与新策略。

  13. Corporate image and public health: an analysis of the Philip Morris, Kraft, and Nestlé websites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    Companies need to maintain a good reputation to do business; however, companies in the infant formula, tobacco, and processed food industries have been identified as promoting disease. Such companies use their websites as a means of promulgating a positive public image, thereby potentially reducing the effectiveness of public health campaigns against the problems they perpetuate. The author examined documents from the websites of Philip Morris, Kraft, and Nestlé for issue framing and analyzed them using Benoit's typology of corporate image repair strategies. All three companies defined the problems they were addressing strategically, minimizing their own responsibility and the consequences of their actions. They proposed solutions that were actions to be taken by others. They also associated themselves with public health organizations. Health advocates should recognize industry attempts to use relationships with health organizations as strategic image repair and reject industry efforts to position themselves as stakeholders in public health problems. Denormalizing industries that are disease vectors, not just their products, may be critical in realizing positive change.

  14. European MEDIA Programme: the role of 'language' and 'visual images' in the processes of constructing European culture and identity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bozić-Vrbancić, Senka; Vrbancić, Mario; Orlić, Olga

    2008-12-01

    Questions of diversity and multiculturalism are at the heart of many discussions on European supranational identity within contemporary anthropology, sociology, cultural studies, linguistics and so on. Since we are living in a period marked by the economic and political changes which emerged after European unification, a call for a new analysis of heterogeneity, cultural difference and issues of belonging is not surprising. This call has been fuelled by the European Union's concern with "culture" as one of the main driving forces for constructing "European identity". While the official European policy describes European culture as common to all Europeans, Europe is also-seen as representing "unity in diversity". By analysing contemporary European MEDIA policies and programs this article attempts to contribute to a small but growing body of work that explores what role "language" and "visual images" play in the process of constructing European culture and supranational European identity. More specifically, the article explores the complex articulation of language and culture in order to analyse supranational imaginary of European identity as it is expressed through the simple slogan "Europe: unity in diversity". We initially grounded our interest in the politics of identity within the European Union within theoretical frameworks of "power and knowledge" and "identity and subjectivity". We consider contemporary debates in social sciences and humanities over the concepts of language", "culture" and "identity" as inseparable from each other (Ahmed 2000; Brah 1996, 2000; Butler 1993, Derrida 1981; Gilroy 2004; Laclau 1990). Cultural and postcolonial studies theorists (e.g. Brah 1996; Bhabha 1994; Hall 1992, 1996, among others) argue that concepts of "culture" and "identity" signify a historically variable nexus of social meanings. That is to say, "culture" and "identity" are discursive articulations. According to this view, "culture" and "identity" are not separate

  15. On the advertising communication of public service and the construction of harmonious society%公益广告传播与和谐社会建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈福宝

    2013-01-01

    The public service advertising targets the publics. It is characterized by public welfare, conceptuality, sociality, education and universality and etc. Public service advertising is rich in content and its topic covers establishing a harmonious relationship among people, and countries, between human and society, and between human and nature. The widespread of public service advertising plays a very important role in promoting the construction of a harmonious country and harmonious world.%公益广告是为社会公众服务的公益性广告,具有公益性、观念性、社会性、教育性和广泛性等主要特征。公益广告内容丰富,主题涵盖提倡建立人与人、人与社会、人与自然、国家与国家之间的和谐关系等方面。公益广告的广泛传播,对于建设和谐国家、和谐世界具有重要的推动作用。

  16. Large-area, flexible imaging arrays constructed by light-charge organic memories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Lei; Wu, Ti; Guo, Yunlong; Zhao, Yan; Sun, Xiangnan; Wen, Yugeng; Yu, Gui; Liu, Yunqi

    2013-01-01

    Existing organic imaging circuits, which offer attractive benefits of light weight, low cost and flexibility, are exclusively based on phototransistor or photodiode arrays. One shortcoming of these photo-sensors is that the light signal should keep invariant throughout the whole pixel-addressing and reading process. As a feasible solution, we synthesized a new charge storage molecule and embedded it into a device, which we call light-charge organic memory (LCOM). In LCOM, the functionalities of photo-sensor and non-volatile memory are integrated. Thanks to the deliberate engineering of electronic structure and self-organization process at the interface, 92% of the stored charges, which are linearly controlled by the quantity of light, retain after 20000 s. The stored charges can also be non-destructively read and erased by a simple voltage program. These results pave the way to large-area, flexible imaging circuits and demonstrate a bright future of small molecular materials in non-volatile memory. PMID:23326636

  17. [A questionnaire survey about public's image of radiation after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okazaki, Ryuji; Ootsuyama, Akira; Abe, Toshiaki; Kuto, Tatsuhiko

    2012-03-01

    A questionnaire survey about the public's image of radiation was performed after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant (FDNPP) accident. The survey was taken by general citizens (200 and 1640 in Fukushima and 52 outside of Fukushima) and doctors (63 in Fukushima and 1942 outside of Fukushima (53 in Oita, 44 in Sagamihara and 1,845 in Kitakyushu)) in and outside of Fukushima and second year medical students in the University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan. The questionnaire surveys were performed during lectures about radiation. The response rates were 86% for the general citizens in Fukushima, 91% for the general citizens outside of Fukushima, 86% for doctors in Fukushima, and 85% and 86% for doctors in Sagamihara and Oita, respectively. The questionnaire surveys were sent to clinics and hospitals in Fukushima where the general citizens answered with a response rate of 50%. When the questionnaire surveys were sent to clinics and hospitals in Kitakyushu, doctors answered, with a response rate of 17%. The percentages of anxiety about future radiation effects after the FDNPP accident were the highest among the general citizens (71.6% in Fukushima and 40.4% outside of Fukushima), in the middle among the doctors (30.2% in Fukushima and 26.2% outside of Fukushima) and the lowest among the medical students (12.2%). The doctors in Fukushima and the medical students were anxious about food and soil pollution. The general citizens and the doctors outside of Fukushima were anxious about health problems and food and soil pollution. We concluded that a high level of education about radiation decreased the anxiety about the radiation effects. It is important to spread knowledge about radiation.

  18. Construction of Public Morality under the Perspective of Modern Finance%现代财政视域下的公共道德建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王庆

    2016-01-01

    The reform measures of modern finance highlight the characteristics of our country's public morality which is u-niversality, equality, democracy and empathy. Therefore, we should make full use of the reform of establishing the modern fi-nance, and accelerate the construction of modern public moral system with adapting to the socialist market economy through deepening the theoretical knowledge of modern finance and public morality, regulating the modern financial revenue system, improving the modern financial expenditure structure, constructing the modern budget system and reforming the assessment standards of modern finance.%现代财政的改革内容映射出我国公共道德应具备普遍性、平等性、民主性和共情性特征,故应充分利用我国建立现代财政制度的契机,通过深化现代财政与公共道德的理论认识、规范现代财政收入体系、改善现代财政支出结构、建设现代预算制度和革新现代财政考量制度等措施,实现现代财政制度下公共道德的健康发展。

  19. PAO Image Gallery = Public Affairs Photos of EROS Projects: 1972 - 2005

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The EROS Image Gallery collection is composed of a wide variety of images ranging from low altitude aircraft to satellite and NASA imagery; oblique photographs and...

  20. Design and construction of a Cherenkov imager for charge measurement of nuclear cosmic rays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bourrion, O; Bernard, C; Bondoux, D; Bouly, J L; Bouvier, J; Boyer, B; Brinet, M; Buenerd, M; Damieux, G; Derome, L; Eraud, L; Foglio, R; Fombaron, D; Grondin, D; Marton, M; Pelissier, A [Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie, Universite Joseph Fourier Grenoble 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble, 53, rue des Martyrs, Grenoble (France); Lee, M H; Lutz, L [University of Maryland, College Park MD 20742 (United States); Menchaca-Rocha, A [Instituto de Fisica, UNAM, A.P. 20-364, 01000 Mexico DF (Mexico); Perie, J N, E-mail: olivier.bourrion@lpsc.in2p3.fr [Universite de Toulouse, INSA, UPS, Mines Albi, ISAE, ICA (Institut Clement Ader), 133, avenue de Rangueil, F-31077 Toulouse (France)

    2011-06-15

    A proximity focusing Cherenkov imager called CHERCAM, has been built for the charge measurement of nuclear cosmic rays with the CREAM instrument. It consists of a silica aerogel radiator plane across from a detector plane equipped with 1,600 1'' diameter photomultipliers. The two planes are separated by a ring expansion gap. The Cherenkov light yield is proportional to the charge squared of the incident particle. The expected relative light collection accuracy is in the few percents range. It leads to an expected single element separation over the range of nuclear charge Z of main interest 1 {<=} Z{approx}<26. CHERCAM is designed to fly with the CREAM balloon experiment. The design of the instrument and the implemented technical solutions allowing its safe operation in high altitude conditions (radiations, low pressure, cold) are presented.

  1. Design and construction of a Cherenkov imager for charge measurement of nuclear cosmic rays

    CERN Document Server

    Bourrion, O; Bondoux, D; Bouly, J L; Bouvier, J; Boyer, B; Brinet, M; Buenerd, M; Damieux, G; Derome, L; Eraud, L; Foglio, R; Fombaron, D; Grondin, D; Lee, M H; Lutz, L; Marton, M; Menchaca-Rocha, A; Pelissier, A; Périé, J N; Putze, A; Roudier, S; Sallaz-Damaz, Y; Seo, E S; Scordilis, J P; Yoon, Y S

    2011-01-01

    A proximity focusing Cherenkov imager called CHERCAM, has been built for the charge measurement of nuclear cosmic rays with the CREAM instrument. It consists of a silica aerogel radiator plane across from a detector plane equipped with 1,600 1" diameter photomultipliers. The two planes are separated by a ring expansion gap. The Cherenkov light yield is proportional to the charge squared of the incident particle. The expected relative light collection accuracy is in the few percents range. It leads to an expected single element separation over the range of nuclear charge Z of main interest 1 < Z < 26. CHERCAM is designed to fly with the CREAM balloon experiment. The design of the instrument and the implemented technical solutions allowing its safe operation in high altitude conditions (radiations, low pressure, cold) are presented.

  2. 76 FR 45578 - Request for Nominations for Members on a Public Advisory Committee; Medical Imaging Drugs...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-29

    ... Committee; Medical Imaging Drugs Advisory Committee AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION... on the Medical Imaging Drugs Advisory Committee in the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. FDA... requesting nominations for voting members on the Medical Imaging Drugs Advisory Committee (the Committee...

  3. Diagnostic Imaging Integrated Network: A Teleradiology Pilot in Public Hospitals in Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acosta, Lilian; Ruibal Faral, Karime

    2015-01-01

    A network of health care centers allows radiologists to share diagnostic images in different areas of Uruguay. This solution is based on an informatics multicenter application for center management, enabling the creation, storage and distribution of images and reports from different imaging modalities according to outsourcing agreements. The solution improves health care territorial equity and reduces asymmetry in resources distribution.

  4. Lowell Public Library, Final Performance Report for Library Services and Construction Act (LSCA) Title VI, Library Literacy Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maravilla, Virginia

    The Lowell Public Library (Indiana) Adult Literacy Program expanded literacy efforts of the library and its volunteer tutors by increasing the program enrollment numbers of the functionally illiterate English-speaking, English as a Second Language (ESL), migrant workers, and Basic Math students; assisted students in achieving their stated goals in…

  5. Monumentalizing Disaster and Wreak-Construction: A Case Study of Haiti to Rethink the Privatization of Public Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atasay, Engin; Delavan, Garrett

    2012-01-01

    This paper is a theoretical effort to support but complicate critiques of disaster capitalism and neoliberal strategies to profit from public education. We put into conversation a discursive analysis following Michel Foucault and a spatial analysis following Henri Lefebvre that focus on monumentalized disasters. We argue that neoliberalism carries…

  6. Monumentalizing Disaster and Wreak-Construction: A Case Study of Haiti to Rethink the Privatization of Public Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atasay, Engin; Delavan, Garrett

    2012-01-01

    This paper is a theoretical effort to support but complicate critiques of disaster capitalism and neoliberal strategies to profit from public education. We put into conversation a discursive analysis following Michel Foucault and a spatial analysis following Henri Lefebvre that focus on monumentalized disasters. We argue that neoliberalism carries…

  7. REDUCTION OF THE RISK IN PUBLIC PROCUREMENT BY USING DESIGN-BUILD AS A MEANS FOR SUITABLE CONSTRUCTING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jakub Blaťák

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Suitable and sustainable buildings have increased demands for design and for the transfer of design requirements to realization. That causes an increase of risk connected with the differences between planned and real parameters of the buildings. This article will outline the main theme comparison between DBB and DB projects concerning contractor’s risk management level. This comparative analysis explains, using the RIPRAN method, the hidden risks in each type of delivery method. The comparison identifies numerous contractual topics and risks included in both and gives deeper insight into risk management, both for the contracting party and also for public procurement. Applying risk analysis strategies and tools to the process will help decision-makers evaluate and select the suitable delivery method consistently and defensibly. This paper gives generic risk factors related to both project types. The results indicate risk factors with influence on the price, probability of occurrence and unfavourable impact on the project and help allocate risk level more properly in accordance with its high, middle or low probable impact. Public investment is a significant part of the public budget, the application of design-build can help with the reduction of corruption, and the public sector can benefit from the usage of DB projects to help eliminate the mistakes made by contracting authorities.

  8. 物流公共信息平台建设问题研究%Study on Construction of Logistics Public Information Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨翠

    2012-01-01

    介绍了物流公共信息平台及其结构体系,分析了建设物流公共信息平台的重要意义,以及建设物流公共信息平台的三种主要服务模式.针对目前物流公共信息平台建设过程中存在的问题,提出了构建物流公共信息平台的原则.%The paper first introduces the structural system of a logistics public information platform, analyzes the significance and three major service modes of its construction and in view of the existing problems, proposes the principles to be followed in the construction process.

  9. The American Society's Constructed Image of Deaf People as Drawn from Discursive Constructions of Deaf People in Major U.S. Newspaper Articles on Cochlear Implantation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleischer, Flavia Samella

    2011-01-01

    This study will explore the constructed image of deaf people in the American society as drawn through analyses of discursive structures in articles on cochlear implantation in major U.S. newspapers published between 2006-2009. To analyze discursive structures of newspaper articles, the approach of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) will be…

  10. Cloud Base Height Measurements at Manila Observatory: Initial Results from Constructed Paired Sky Imaging Cameras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lagrosas, N.; Tan, F.; Antioquia, C. T.

    2014-12-01

    Fabricated all sky imagers are efficient and cost effective instruments for cloud detection and classification. Continuous operation of this instrument can result in the determination of cloud occurrence and cloud base heights for the paired system. In this study, a fabricated paired sky imaging system - consisting two commercial digital cameras (Canon Powershot A2300) enclosed in weatherproof containers - is developed in Manila Observatory for the purpose of determining cloud base heights at the Manila Observatory area. One of the cameras is placed on the rooftop of Manila Observatory and the other is placed on the rooftop of the university dormitory, 489m from the first camera. The cameras are programmed to simultaneously gather pictures every 5 min. Continuous operation of these cameras were implemented since the end of May of 2014 but data collection started end of October 2013. The data were processed following the algorithm proposed by Kassianov et al (2005). The processing involves the calculation of the merit function that determines the area of overlap of the two pictures. When two pictures are overlapped, the minimum of the merit function corresponds to the pixel column positions where the pictures have the best overlap. In this study, pictures of overcast sky prove to be difficult to process for cloud base height and were excluded from processing. The figure below shows the initial results of the hourly average of cloud base heights from data collected from November 2013 to July 2014. Measured cloud base heights ranged from 250m to 1.5km. These are the heights of cumulus and nimbus clouds that are dominant in this part of the world. Cloud base heights are low in the early hours of the day indicating low convection process during these times. However, the increase in the convection process in the atmosphere can be deduced from higher cloud base heights in the afternoon. The decrease of cloud base heights after 15:00 follows the trend of decreasing solar

  11. The concept of social construction of reality of P. Berger and T. Luckmann as an interpretational scheme to study the image of the city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. L. Borodina

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The article studies the phenomenon of image of the city in terms of the constructivist paradigm in sociology – namely, the concept of social construction of reality P. Berger and T. Luckman. The situation leveling sociological theory in the development of a conceptual model of the phenomenon of the image of the city, through the study of this phenomenon comes down to economics, and the image of the city is treated unilaterally, particularly from the standpoint of marketing communications. The need for a theoretical study of the image of the city turning towards the same sociological theory explains the changes in the socio-cultural specifics of the actual situation: the changing nature of social relations, the emergence of «consumer society», a significant enhancement of the role of information and communication in all social processes and phenomena. The concept of social construction of reality allows us to consider the image of the city in its relationship with everyday communication processes going on in the city, and the result of which he is, and to investigate the specific design of this phenomenon by using a phased process of constructing reality and its elements in general (habitualization, typing, institutionalization and legitimation, which as a result will determine the image of the city as iconic and symbolic construct.

  12. 事业单位后勤部门职工队伍建设思路漫谈%Idea for Public Institution Logistics Department Staff Team Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张娜

    2014-01-01

    在建设和谐社会的过程当中,事业单位的后勤部门是一支非常重要的队伍。重视和加强事业单位后勤部门的职工队伍建设,将能够让后勤部门做好相关工作和提高后勤部门的服务质量,使事业单位健康发展。%In the process of building a harmonious society, the logistics department of public institutions is a very important team. To attach great importance to and strengthen the institutions logistics department staff team construction will be able to let the logistics department to do related work and improve the service quality of logistics department, leading to the healthy development of public institutions.

  13. Biological image construction by using Raman radiation and Pca: preliminary results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martinez E, J. C. [IPN, Unidad Profesional Interdisciplinaria de Ingenieria, Campus Guanajuato, Av. Mineral de Valenciana 200, Col. Fracc. Industrial Puerto Interior, 36275 Silao, Guanajuato (Mexico); Cordova F, T. [Universidad de Guanajuato, DIC, Departamento de Ingenieria Fisica, Loma del Bosque No. 103, Col. Lomas del Campestre, 37150 Leon, Guanajuato (Mexico); Hugo R, V., E-mail: jcmartineze@ipn.mx [Universidad de Guadalajara, Centro Universitario de Tonala, Morelos No. 180, 69584 Tonala, Jalisco (Mexico)

    2015-10-15

    Full text: In the last years, the Raman spectroscopy (Rs) technique has had some applications in the study and analysis of biological samples, due to it is able to detect concentrations or presence of certain organic and inorganic compounds of medical interest. In this work, raw data were obtained through measurements in selected points on a square regions in order to detect specific organic / inorganic compounds on biological samples. Gold nano stars samples were prepared and coated with membrane markers (CD 10+ and CD 19+) and diluted in leukemic B lymphocytes. Each data block was evaluated independently by the method of principal component analysis (Pca) in order to find representative dimensionless values (Cp) for each Raman spectrum in a specific coordinate. Each Cp was normalized in a range of 0-255 in order to generate a representative image of 8 bits of the region under study. Data acquisition was performed with Raman microscopy system Renishaw in Via in the range of 550 to 1700 cm-1 with a 785 nm laser source, with a power of 17 m W and 15 s of exposure time were used for each spectrum. In preliminary results could detect the presence of molecular markers CD 10+ and CD 19+ with gold nano stars and discrimination between both markers. The results suggest conducting studies with specific concentrations organic and inorganic materials. (Author)

  14. White matter integrity, creativity, and psychopathology: disentangling constructs with diffusion tensor imaging.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rex E Jung

    Full Text Available That creativity and psychopathology are somehow linked remains a popular but controversial idea in neuroscience research. Brain regions implicated in both psychosis-proneness and creative cognition include frontal projection zones and association fibers. In normal subjects, we have previously demonstrated that a composite measure of divergent thinking (DT ability exhibited significant inverse relationships in frontal lobe areas with both cortical thickness and metabolite concentration of N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA. These findings support the idea that creativity may reside upon a continuum with psychopathology. Here we examine whether white matter integrity, assessed by Fractional Anisotropy (FA, is related to two measures of creativity (Divergent Thinking and Openness to Experience. Based on previous findings, we hypothesize inverse correlations within fronto-striatal circuits. Seventy-two healthy, young adult (18-29 years subjects were scanned on a 3 Tesla scanner with Diffusion Tensor Imaging. DT measures were scored by four raters (alpha = .81 using the Consensual Assessment Technique, from which a composite creativity index (CCI was derived. We found that the CCI was significantly inversely related to FA within the left inferior frontal white matter (t = 5.36, p = .01, and Openness was inversely related to FA within the right inferior frontal white matter (t = 4.61, p = .04. These findings demonstrate an apparent overlap in specific white matter architecture underlying the normal variance of divergent thinking, openness, and psychotic-spectrum traits, consistent with the idea of a continuum.

  15. Lidar Waveform-Based Analysis of Depth Images Constructed Using Sparse Single-Photon Data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altmann, Yoann; Ren, Ximing; McCarthy, Aongus; Buller, Gerald S; McLaughlin, Steve

    2016-05-01

    This paper presents a new Bayesian model and algorithm used for depth and reflectivity profiling using full waveforms from the time-correlated single-photon counting measurement in the limit of very low photon counts. The proposed model represents each Lidar waveform as a combination of a known impulse response, weighted by the target reflectivity, and an unknown constant background, corrupted by Poisson noise. Prior knowledge about the problem is embedded through prior distributions that account for the different parameter constraints and their spatial correlation among the image pixels. In particular, a gamma Markov random field (MRF) is used to model the joint distribution of the target reflectivity, and a second MRF is used to model the distribution of the target depth, which are both expected to exhibit significant spatial correlations. An adaptive Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm is then proposed to perform Bayesian inference. This algorithm is equipped with a stochastic optimization adaptation mechanism that automatically adjusts the parameters of the MRFs by maximum marginal likelihood estimation. Finally, the benefits of the proposed methodology are demonstrated through a series of experiments using real data.

  16. A method of construction of information images of the acoustic signals of the human bronchopulmonary system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bureev, A. Sh.; Zhdanov, D. S.; Zemlyakov, I. Yu.; Kiseleva, E. Yu.; Khokhlova, L. A.

    2015-11-01

    The present study focuses on the development of a method of identification of respiratory sounds and noises of a human naturally and in various pathological conditions. The existing approaches based on a simple method of frequency and time signal analysis, have insufficient specificity, efficiency and unambiguous interpretation of the results of a clinical study. An algorithm for a phase selection of respiratory cycles and analysis of respiratory sounds resulting from bronchi examination of a patient has been suggested. The algorithm is based on the method of phase timing analysis of bronchi phonograms. The results of the phase-frequency algorithm with high resolution reflects a time position of the traceable signals and the individual structure of recorded signals. This allows using the proposed method for the formation of information images (models) of the diagnostically significant fragments. A weight function, frequency parameters of which can be selectively modified, is used for this purpose. The vision of the weighting function is specific to each type of respiratory noise, traditionally referred to quality characteristics (wet or dry noise, crackling, etc.).

  17. Brand Revitalization: Penciptaan Brand Image Produk Green Sands Bebas Alkohol Melalui Marketing Communication (Advertising dan Public Relation Pada Pt Multi Bintang Indonesia Tbk.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cooky Tri Adhikara

    2011-04-01

    multiple regression, and cobwebs. The result, brand image that is embedded in consumer brand is cool and trendy and unique and refreshing taste. Advertising and public relations by creating a brand image is only 7.2%, the rest from other factors. Brand image is embedded in the customers had not yet reached the desired scale of the company.

  18. Public transit generates new physical activity: Evidence from individual GPS and accelerometer data before and after light rail construction in a neighborhood of Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Harvey J; Tribby, Calvin P; Brown, Barbara B; Smith, Ken R; Werner, Carol M; Wolf, Jean; Wilson, Laura; Oliveira, Marcelo G Simas

    2015-11-01

    Poor health outcomes from insufficient physical activity (PA) are a persistent public health issue. Public transit is often promoted for positive influence on PA. Although there is cross-sectional evidence that transit users have higher PA levels, this may be coincidental or shifted from activities such as recreational walking. We use a quasi-experimental design to test if light rail transit (LRT) generated new PA in a neighborhood of Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. Participants (n=536) wore Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers and accelerometers before (2012) and after (2013) LRT construction. We test within-person differences in individuals' PA time based on changes in transit usage pre- versus post-intervention. We map transit-related PA to detect spatial clustering of PA around the new transit stops. We analyze within-person differences in PA time based on daily transit use and estimate the effect of daily transit use on PA time controlling for socio-demographic variables. Results suggest that transit use directly generates new PA that is not shifted from other PA. This supports the public health benefits from new high quality public transit such as LRT. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. PARENTAL ROLE AND NARCISSICM IN CONSTRUCTING SELF-IMAGE IN JOICE CAROL OATES’S SHORT STORY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yustin Sartika

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available POLA ASUH DAN NARSISME DALAM MENGKONSTRUKSI GAMBARAN DIRI DI CERITA JOICE CAROL OATES Abstract This research attempts to find the parental role and narcissism in constructing self-image in Where Are You Going Where Have You Been by Joice Carol Oates. This research was qualitative. By using object relation theory, this research finds that less attachment and abandonment leads to depression. To avoid further rejection, self can split to different personalities. Unpleasant experience during maturing process produces low self-esteem. Narcissism works to soothe the anxiety on developing the self-image. Keywords: abandonment, depression, split personality Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan pola asuh orang tua dan narsisme dalam membangun gambaran diri dalam Where Are You Going Where Have You Been karya Joice Carol Oates. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif. Dengan menggunakan teori hubungan objek, penelitian ini menemukan bahwa kurangnya kedekatan dan rasa penolakan memunculkan depresi. Untuk mencegah penolakan lebih lanjut, diri dapat terbagi menjadi karakter yang berbeda-beda. Pengalaman pendewasaan yang tidak menyenangkan dapat menyebabkan anak memiliki rasa penghargaan diri yang rendah. Narsisme bekerja untuk meredakan kegelisahan dalam mengembangkan diri. Kata kunci: penolakan, depresi, karakter ganda

  20. Public Hospitals' Valuation Model Construction Analysis%公立医院估值模型构建分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许崇伟; 邓光璞; 谭剑

    2012-01-01

    As the state encouraging social capital into the medical profession, public hospital valuations will become a hot issue. In this paper, the method of the valuations includes assets method, market method and profit method. Corresponding valuation model is proposed according to the particularity of public hospital, and examples are put forward.%近年来随着国家鼓励社会资本进入医疗行业,公立医院的估值将成为下一步热点问题.公司的估值方法包括资产法、市场法、收益法,在此基础上根据公立医院的特殊性提出了相应的估值模型,并进行了举例说明.

  1. Contributions of ergonomics to the construction of bus drivers health and excellence in public transport and at work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunoro, Claudio; Sznelwar, Laerte Idal; Bolis, Ivan; Abrahão, Julia

    2012-01-01

    This article is the product of research that analyzed the work of bus drivers of a public transportation company that is considered a benchmark reference in its field of operations, in which it strives to achieve operating excellence. Within this context, the authors sought to understand how such a company has managed to maintain a policy that is capable of reconciling quality public transport while also providing working conditions compatible with the professional development, comfort and health of its workers. Ergonomic work analysis and activity analysis were the guiding elements used in this study. Initial analyses indicate that the activity of drivers includes serving a population and providing mobility for it, which depends on driving the vehicle itself and on relationships with colleagues, users, pedestrians, drivers and others.

  2. Study on the Construction of Public Sentiment Monitoring and Crisis Preventing System%构建医院舆情监测与危机防控体系的实践研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宁习源; 吴剑鹏

    2015-01-01

    Under the background of rapid development of Internet and tense relation between doctors and patients, the maintenance of hospitals' public image and the prevention of public crisis encounter unprecedented challenges. Therefore, it is very important for medical institutions to establish the public sentiments monitoring and crisis preventing system. Taking Nanfang Hospital as an example, this article focused on the illustration of grasping the operation law of Internet and media and realizing hospitals' healthy and sustainable development based on the construction of practicable, effective hospital crisis management system with case analysis from 3 aspects of public sentiments monitoring, crisis responding and media contacting.%在互联网高度发达以及医患关系日趋紧张的大背景下,医院形象维护和公共危机防控遇到前所未有的挑战,医院建立有效的网络舆情监测与危机防控体系尤为重要。本文以笔者所在医院为例,重点阐述了医院如何把握互联网和媒体的运行规律,通过舆情监测、危机应对和媒体联络等三方面的案例解析来构建实用、高效的医院危机管理体系,实现医院健康持续发展。

  3. LINGUISTIC FEATURES OF NATO’S MEDIA IMAGE (THE CASE STUDY OF BRITISH ONLINE PUBLICATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valuyskaya Olga Ruslanovna

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper investigates linguistic specific means of NATO's image making in online British leading newspapers. The case study involves news reports and analytical articles that represent explicit and implicit evaluation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The investigation is based on the principles of the media linguistic approach and suggests the structural peculiarities of a media image that can be analyzed as a three-sided unit including positive, negative and neutral structural elements of image introduction into a media text. The NATO's image can be viewed as that of a geopolitical actor, creating its Natoland. Certain media topics are analyzed as creating positive and negative images of the NATO as a military organization. A finite list of positive and negative constituents to the Alliance's image is presented in the paper. It is assumed that the simplistic writer-reader model of interaction shapes certain elements of a media image that can be interpreted by a reader. The author distinguishes in the paper the principle constituents of an international organization in general, and the NATO in particular. Findings of the study demonstrate that the NATO's media image is interpreted by the readers as the conceptual entity of two key images: a peacemaker and a hawk that are restored on lexical and intertextual levels.

  4. Use of natural radioactivity distribution images of vegetables at public meetings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mori, C.; Koido, S.; Suzuki, T. [Nagoya Univ. (Japan). School of Engineering] [and others

    1996-10-01

    Radioactivity distribution images in vegetables and pottery works were obtained by use of Imaging Plate whose sensitivity to radiations is 10{sup 3}-10{sup 4} times larger than that of conventional X-ray films. A brochure titled `Natural Radiations through Naked Eyes` was published which contained the distribution images in natural materials, even in living animal bodies. In this paper, the reduction of background radiations and the procedure to obtain the distribution images of extremely low level natural radioactivity, measurement of radioactivity itself, and the content of the brochure are described. (author)

  5. Research on the Construction of Multi -agent Information Management System for Public -private -partnerships%PPP多主体信息管理系统构建研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶晓甦; 易朋成

    2011-01-01

    基于项目全寿命周期理论和计算机技术,按照融资、建设、运营三个阶段对公共项目的一般结构和公共项目多主体的相互关系进行深入分析.在此基础上总结出公共项目实施过程中各主体内部之间以及各主体与外部环境间的信息流传递的方式、内容及特点,利用windows现有平台构建公共项目多主体信息模型的总体结构,并对此信息管理系统包含的招投标管理子系统、建设管理子系统、运营管理子系统和信息公布子系统进行模块设计.该信息系统框架可用于指导公共项目信息化管理系统的开发,或评估已有的信息化管理系统,以便于系统能广泛的应用于公共项目管理之中.%Based on the asymmetric information theory and computer technology, the paper deeply analyzed the public project general structure and the relationship between multi - agent at three stages of finance, construction, operation. On this basis, this paper summed up the way, content and features of messaging between the public project participants, as well as the participants and external environment in public project. The paper used window existing platform to build the information model of public project, and designed subsystem module for construction management subsystem, bidding management subsystem, operation management subsystem and information released subsystem which included in the information system. The information system framework can be used to guide the public project information management system development, or evaluation of existing information management system, so that the information system can be widely used in public project management.

  6. 3D打印技术公共服务平台建设探讨%Analysis on 3D Printing Public Service Platform Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范强贤

    2015-01-01

    3D printing as emerging technology of rapid prototyping, is now becomeing a current rapid development of science and technology.With the further development of intelligent manufacturing mature ,new information technology , control technology,material technology has been widely used in the field of manufacturing,3D printing will also be pushed to a higher level. This paper discusses the meaning of 3D printing public Service Platform construction ,3D printing public service platform construction orientation, goal and operation are discussed in this paper.%3D打印技术作为快速成型的新兴技术,目前正成为迅猛发展的科技潮流。随着智能制造的进一步发展成熟,新的信息技术、控制技术、材料技术等不断被广泛应用到制造领域,3D打印技术也将被推向更高的层面。文章论述了连云港市建设3D打印公共服务平台的意义,并对3D打印公共服务平台建设定位、目标、运行进行了探讨。

  7. Color Image Classification and Retrieval using Image mining Techniques

    OpenAIRE

    Dr.V.Mohan,; Kannan, A.

    2010-01-01

    Mining Image data is one of the essential features in the present scenario. Image data is the major one which plays vital role in every aspect of the systems like business for marketing, hospital for surgery, engineering for construction, Web for publication and so on. The other area in the Image mining system is the Content-BasedImage Retrieval (CBIR). CBIR systems perform retrieval based on the similarity defined in terms of extracted features with more objectiveness. But, the features of t...

  8. The competitive dialogue procedure: negotiations and commitment in inter-organisational construction projects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoezen, M.E.L.

    2012-01-01

    The construction industry has a bad image. There seems a lack of quality in construction works at the time of delivery, and estimates of time and costs seem to be exceeded structurally, especially in public projects. Partially, this has to do with the increased complexity of construction projects. T

  9. Application of Technical Measures and Software in Constructing Photorealistic 3D Models of Historical Building Using Ground-Based and Aerial (UAV Digital Images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zarnowski Aleksander

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Preparing digital documentation of historical buildings is a form of protecting cultural heritage. Recently there have been several intensive studies using non-metric digital images to construct realistic 3D models of historical buildings. Increasingly often, non-metric digital images are obtained with unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV. Technologies and methods of UAV flights are quite different from traditional photogrammetric approaches. The lack of technical guidelines for using drones inhibits the process of implementing new methods of data acquisition.

  10. Final Environmental Impact Statement for the construction and operation of Claiborne Enrichment Center, Homer, Louisiana (Docket No. 70-3-70). Volume 2, Public comments and NRC response

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zeitoun, A. [Science Applications International Corp., Germantown, MD (United States)

    1994-08-01

    The Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) (Volume 1), was prepared by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in accordance with regulation 10 CFR Part 51, which implements the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), to assess the potential environmental impacts for licensing the construction and operation of a proposed gaseous centrifuge enrichment facility to be built in Claiborne Parish, Louisiana by Louisiana Energy Services, L.P. (LES). The proposed facility would have a production capacity of about 866 metric tons annually of up to 5 weight percent enriched UF{sub 6}, using a proven centrifuge technology. Included in the assessment are co on, both normal operations and potential accidents (internal and external events), and the eventual decontamination and decommissioning of the site. In order to help assure that releases from the operation of the facility and potential impacts on the public are as low as reasonably achievable, an environmental monitoring program was developed by LES to detect significant changes in the background levels of uranium around the site. Other issues addressed include the purpose and need for the facility, the alternatives to the proposed action, potential disposition of the tails, the site selection process, and environmental justice. The NRC staff concludes that the facility can be constructed and operated with small and acceptable impacts on the public and the environment, and proposes to issue a license to the applicant, Louisiana Energy Services, to authorize construction and operation of the proposed facility. The letters in this Appendix have been divided into three sections. Section One contains letters to which the NRC responded by addressing specific comments. Section Two contains the letters that concerned the communities of Forest Grove and Center Springs. Section Three is composed of letters that required no response. These letters were generally in support of the facility.

  11. On cost management of municipal public engineering construction programs%谈市政公用工程施工项目成本管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任海林

    2014-01-01

    结合孝义市新安街东延道排工程,依据成本管理的基本原则,主要介绍了在确保文明施工及施工质量和安全的前提下,实施市政公用工程项目成本管理的方法,以最大限度地降低工程成本,追求自身经济效益的最大化,切实提高施工企业的综合效益。%Combining with the project at the east extension road rows of Xin’an Street in Xiaoyi,the paper mainly introduces the cost manage-ment methods for the municipal public engineering program with the premise of ensuring the civilized construction,construction quality and safety by referring to the basic principle for the cost management,so as to reduce the engineering cost maximally,maximize self economic benefits and promote the comprehensive benefits of construction enterprises.

  12. 基础设施建设中的PPP模式应用问题探讨%The Application of the Public Private Partnership Model in Infrastructure Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马静文

    2015-01-01

    The Public Private Partnership model as a new model of infrastructure and operations, is increasingly becoming an important complement to local government financing channels. Explore the use of the Public Private Partnership model in our current situation, combing its shortcomings, the local government should be adopted to identify the mode attention to the problem, will further enhance the effect of the Public Private Partnership model applications, accelerate the pace of local government infrastructure construction.%PPP模式作为基础设施建设与运营的新型模式,日益成为地方政府融资渠道的一种重要补充。探讨PPP模式在我国运用现状,梳理其存在的不足,找出地方政府采用该模式时应注意的问题,将进一步提升PPP应用效果,加快地方政府基础设施建设步伐。

  13. The Construction of Public Services in Rural Areas%创新社会管理视阈下的农村公共服务建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘剑明

    2011-01-01

    There are three aspects on developing public services in rural areas under the innovation of social management mode.First,respecting the principal position of famers and guaranteeing their rights to know,participation,decision-making and supervisio in rural public services constrution.Second,implementing the principles of basic public services equalization to ensure the fairness in the construction.Third,innovating work methods of the government so that farmets will suport it.%在创新社会管理的框架下,加强农村公共服务建设,一要尊重农民的主体地位,切实保障农民在农村公共服务建设中的知情权、参与权、决策权和监督权;二要贯彻基本公共服务均等化原则,确保农村公共服务建设的公平性;三要创新工作方式方法,提高农村公共服务建设的可接受度。

  14. 事业单位内部控制制度建设的探讨%Discussion on Construction of the Internal Control System in Public Institutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜典惠

    2014-01-01

    Implementation of the internal control system is an important management activity in public institutions and also the cornerstone for realizing their management modernization. In this paper the importance of formulating and implementing the internal control system was elaborated and problems including irregular control of economic activities in public institutions were analyzed. Some related measures and suggestions for construction of the internal control system in public institutions were put forward.%实施内部控制制度既是事业单位的一项重要管理活动,又是实现事业单位治理现代化的基石。本文阐述了制定和实施内部控制制度的重要性,剖析了事业单位经济活动控制不规范等问题,并就事业单位内部控制制度建设提出相关措施建议。

  15. The Standardization Construction of AIDS Information Management in Public Security Organs%公安机关艾滋病信息管理的制度建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马绍红

    2011-01-01

    From the angle of current legislation and practice, the standardization construction of AIDS information management in public security organs are not regarded seriously, there are few specialized rules. The countermeasures are: 1. realize the significance of AIDS information management participated by public security organs; 2. adopt various ways to improve the standardization level of AIDS information management in public security organs constantly; 3. take effective measures to ensure the individual privacy of AIDS infected people.%从现行立法和实践情况看,公安机关艾滋病信息管理的规范化建设问题没有受到充分重视,专门性的规定不多。对策:1.充分认识到公安机关参与艾滋病信息管理的重要意义;2.采取多种手段不断提高公安机关管理艾滋病信息的规范化水平;3.采取有效措施保障艾滋病病毒感染者和艾滋病人的个人隐私权。

  16. What do we do with all this video? Better understanding public engagement for image and video annotation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiener, C.; Miller, A.; Zykov, V.

    2016-12-01

    Advanced robotic vehicles are increasingly being used by oceanographic research vessels to enable more efficient and widespread exploration of the ocean, particularly the deep ocean. With cutting-edge capabilities mounted onto robotic vehicles, data at high resolutions is being generated more than ever before, enabling enhanced data collection and the potential for broader participation. For example, high resolution camera technology not only improves visualization of the ocean environment, but also expands the capacity to engage participants remotely through increased use of telepresence and virtual reality techniques. Schmidt Ocean Institute is a private, non-profit operating foundation established to advance the understanding of the world's oceans through technological advancement, intelligent observation and analysis, and open sharing of information. Telepresence-enabled research is an important component of Schmidt Ocean Institute's science research cruises, which this presentation will highlight. Schmidt Ocean Institute is one of the only research programs that make their entire underwater vehicle dive series available online, creating a collection of video that enables anyone to follow deep sea research in real time. We encourage students, educators and the general public to take advantage of freely available dive videos. Additionally, other SOI-supported internet platforms, have engaged the public in image and video annotation activities. Examples of these new online platforms, which utilize citizen scientists to annotate scientific image and video data will be provided. This presentation will include an introduction to SOI-supported video and image tagging citizen science projects, real-time robot tracking, live ship-to-shore communications, and an array of outreach activities that enable scientists to interact with the public and explore the ocean in fascinating detail.

  17. Brand Revitalization: Penciptaan Brand Image Produk Green Sands Bebas Alkohol melalui Marketing Communication (Advertising dan Public Relation pada PT Multi Bintang Indonesia Tb

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cooky Tri Adhikara

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available PT Multi Bintang Indonesia is a beverages production company, and one of its products are Green Sands. In early 2002, Green Sands revitalize to Green Sands Alcohol-Free and communicated through several promotional tools, including advertising and public relations. This study examines what brand image embedded on the consumers, and what is the level of influence of advertising and public relations toward the creation of brand image of products Green Sands Alcohol-Free. The research methods used in this study is test Cochran, multiple regression, and cobwebs. The result, brand image that is embedded in consumer brand is cool and trendy and unique and refreshing taste. Advertising and public relations by creating a brand image is only 7.2%, the rest from other factors. Brand image is embedded in the customers had not yet reached the desired scale of the company. 

  18. Nursing on television: student perceptions of television's role in public image, recruitment and education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weaver, Roslyn; Salamonson, Yenna; Koch, Jane; Jackson, Debra

    2013-12-01

    To explore nursing students' perceptions of how their profession is portrayed on medical television programmes. Recruitment and retention in nursing have been linked to the image of the profession in society. Images of nursing in popular media frequently draw on stereotypes that may damage the appeal of nursing for potential students and denigrate the value and status of the profession. A growing body of work analyses how nursing is portrayed in popular media, but less research asks nursing students themselves to reflect on this area. Convergent parallel mixed methods. Data were collected in 2011 from surveys of 484 undergraduate nursing students at a large university in New South Wales, Australia, that included demographic data, their viewing habits of medical television programmes and their opinions of how the shows handled nursing ethics and professionalism and the image of nursing on television and nursing role models. Most students watch medical television programmes. Students who do not speak English at home watched fewer programmes but were more positive about the depictions of professionalism. The qualitative data showed students were concerned that television can have a negative influence on the image of nursing, but they also recognized some educational and recruitment value in television programmes. It is important for nurses, educators and students to be critically engaged with the image of their profession in society. There is value in engaging more closely with contemporary media portrayals of nursing for students and educators alike. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  19. The Construction of the Public Class of Video Recording Environment Analysis%视频公开课录制环境的建设分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪永生; 邢程; 李玉梅

    2016-01-01

    Video courses as an important part of national fine-designed open courses, in the education teaching reform has important application value. As video to record the commonly used three kinds of environmental public class, studio, multimedia classroom, and recorded the classroom, have their own advantages and disadvantages and construction requirements, according to need.%视频公开课作为国家精品开放课程重要组成部分,在整个教育教学改革中有着重要的应用价值。作为视频公开课录制常用的3种录制环境:演播室、多媒体教室、录播教室,有着各自的优缺点和建设要求,要依据需要选取。

  20. Analysis of Problems in Construction of Logistics Public Information Platform%物流公共信息平台建设问题探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林秋平

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we proposed the three modes of the operation of the logistics information platform, which were government sponsored mode, enterprise independent investment mode and enterprise-dominated and government-supported mode, which could, hopefully, provide reference in the construction of the logistics public information platform.%针对物流公共信息平台在建设过程中存在的像平台生存的诚信环境的建立、平台的盈利模式、平台的定位等问题,提出物流信息平台运营的三种模式,即政府出资建设模式、企业自主投资建设模式和“政府搭台、企业唱戏”模式,希望能对物流信息建设提供参考.

  1. Discussion on the Construction of Telemedicine Model of Public Hospital%公立医院建设远程医疗模式探讨析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐金建; 孙震

    2011-01-01

    Peking University Third Hospital has achieved the Building telemedicine systems with the Yanqing County Hospital, Yan'an Zichang County Hospital: This paper describes implementation of remote medical consultation system and application results, Proposed the construction of remote medical system emerged in the process problem: combined with reform of public hospitals involved in the construction of remote medical system views and opinions are given.%目前北京大学第三医院已经实现了与延庆县医院、陕西省延安子长县医院的远程医疗系统建设.阐述了远程医疗系统实现及应用效果,提出了建设远程医疗系统过程中出现的问题;同时结合公立医院改革所涉及的远程医疗系统建设给出了意见及看法.

  2. [The intervention against an outbreak of pulmonary tuberculosis in the dormitory of construction laborers--Connection with approaches from public health, medical treatment, social welfare, and labor management].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iburi, S; Fujita, J; Yajima, H; Kakuda, H; Sakamoto, M; Matsumura, A

    2001-11-01

    An outbreak of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in a dormitory of construction laborers took place, and this outbreak was presumed to be caused by the same sourse of infection, based on the results of restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis and other findings. After the first patient was admitted to the hospital with active TB, 18 new other TB patients were discovered by repeated contacts examinations. They were all male and single, and were aged from 41 to 67 years old (mean age 51.7). Among 19 patients, only 4 patients had a health insurance. As these patients lived together in the same dormitory, to prevent infection through close contact in the dormitory, repeated contacts examinations were further performed. In addition, several medical, social, and economical interventions were needed for these patients. It was also required to improve labor conditions in this construction company. It was concluded that comprehensive approaches including public health, medical treatment, social welfare, and labor management aspects were indispensable to prevent TB among relatively poor laborers.

  3. Effective Patient Education in Medical Imaging: Public Perceptions of Radiation Exposure Risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ludwig, Rebecca L.; Turner, Lori W.

    2002-01-01

    In a cross-sectional survey of 200 adults, less than half agreed with experts on the risks of radiation exposure; 75-90% thought that medical imaging providers should be highly regulated; and less than one-quarter knew that most radiation damage is not permanent. (SK)

  4. 77 FR 27463 - Device Improvements for Pediatric X-Ray Imaging; Public Meeting; Request for Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-10

    ... instructions for pediatric digital radiography (Ref. 8) and fluoroscopy (ongoing project). These materials will... follows: ``Manufacturers seeking marketing clearance for a new x-ray imaging device with a pediatric.... Manufacturers who seek marketing clearance only for general indications or do not submit adequate data to...

  5. Examining the social construction of surveillance: a critical issue for health visitors and public health nurses working with mothers and children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aston, Megan; Peckover, Sue

    2017-08-17

    In this paper we will critically examine surveillance practices of health visitors (HV) in the UK and public health nurses (PHNs) in Canada. The practice and meaning of surveillance shifts and changes depending on the context and intent of relationships between mothers and HVs or PHNs. We present the context and practice of HVs in the UK and PHNs in Canada and provide a comprehensive literature review regarding surveillance of mothers within public health systems. We then present our critique of the meaning and practice of surveillance across different settings. Concepts from Foucault and discourse analysis are used to critically examine and discuss the meaning of surveillance RESULTS: Surveillance is a complex concept that shifts meaning and is socially and institutionally constructed through relations of power CONCLUSIONS: Health care providers need to understand the different meanings and practices associated with surveillance to effectively inform practice. Health care providers should be aware of how their positions of expert and privilege within health care systems affect relationships with mothers. A more comprehensive understanding of personal social and institutional aspects of surveillance will provide opportunities to reflect upon and change practices that are supportive of mothers and their families. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  6. On the Construction of Government Credibility from the Perspective of Online Public Opinion%网络舆情视域下政府公信力建构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程文琴

    2015-01-01

    现阶段的网络舆情在公共管理领域尤其是在政府形象塑造方面发挥着巨大的影响力,从而影响着政府公信力。政府应转变行政思维和理念,规范信息公开制度,实行行政问责制,建设责任政府,正确对待网络监督,完善监督体系,使网络舆情能为提高政府公信力服务。%With the rapid development of the internet, network has become an important field of public opinion, and the credibility of the government is facing a severe challenge and shock. Government should change administrative philosophy ,standardize information openness system,take a timely administration accountability,construct a responsible government,treat correctly network supervision,and perfect the supervision system ,thus, making the network public opinion work for improving local government ’s credibility.

  7. Measuring Co-Presence and Social Presence in Virtual Environments - Psychometric Construction of a German Scale for a Fear of Public Speaking Scenario.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poeschl, Sandra; Doering, Nicola

    2015-01-01

    Virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) applications use high levels of fidelity in order to produce high levels of presence and thereby elicit an emotional response for the user (like fear for phobia treatment). State of research shows mixed results for the correlation between anxiety and presence in virtual reality exposure, with differing results depending on specific anxiety disorders. A positive correlation for anxiety and presence for social anxiety disorder is not proven up to now. One reason might be that plausibility of the simulation, namely including key triggers for social anxiety (for example verbal and non-verbal behavior of virtual agents that reflects potentially negative human evaluation) might not be acknowledged in current presence questionnaires. A German scale for measuring co-presence and social presence for virtual reality (VR) fear of public speaking scenarios was developed based on a translation and adaption of existing co-presence and social presence questionnaires. A sample of N = 151 students rated co-presence and social presence after using a fear of public speaking application. Four correlated factors were derived by item- and principle axis factor analysis (Promax rotation), representing the presenter's reaction to virtual agents, the reactions of the virtual agents as perceived by the presenter, impression of interaction possibilities, and (co-)presence of other people in the virtual environment. The scale developed can be used as a starting point for future research and test construction for VR applications with a social context.

  8. 浅谈居住区公共空间的功能建设%Functional Construction in Public Space of Residential Districts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周微

    2014-01-01

    在生活方式不断进步的过程中,人们对人居环境也有了越来越高的要求,居住区的公共空间在一定程度上影响了居住环境的品质。随着居住建筑的集约化发展,功能建设成为影响公共空间品质的重要因素。本文从基础设施的协调性和全面性、功能建设的适应性、无障碍设施以及多功能空间四个方面提出了人性化设计的原则,旨在营造舒适、宜人的生活空间。%In the process of continuous improvement in lifestyle, the demands for living environment has also been increased, to a certain extent public spaces in residential areas affected the quality of the living environment. With the intensive development of residential buildings, functional construction became an important factor in the public space. This article proposed design principles in coordination and comprehensiveness of the infrastructure, adaptability, accessibility features and function space to create a comfortable and pleasant living space.

  9. Direct design of freeform surfaces and freeform imaging systems with a point-by-point three-dimensional construction-iteration method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Tong; Zhu, Jun; Wu, Xiaofei; Jin, Guofan

    2015-04-20

    In this paper, we proposed a general direct design method for three-dimensional freeform surfaces and freeform imaging systems based on a construction-iteration process. In the preliminary surfaces-construction process, the coordinates as well as the surface normals of the data points on the multiple freeform surfaces can be calculated directly considering the rays of multiple fields and different pupil coordinates. Then, an iterative process is employed to significantly improve the image quality or achieve a better mapping relationship of the light rays. Three iteration types which are normal iteration, negative feedback and successive approximation are given. The proposed construction-iteration method is applied in the design of an easy aligned, low F-number off-axis three-mirror system. The primary and tertiary mirrors can be fabricated on a single substrate and form a single element in the final system. The secondary mirror is simply a plane mirror. With this configuration, the alignment difficulty of a freeform system can be greatly reduced. After the preliminary surfaces-construction stage, the freeform surfaces in the optical system can be generated directly from an initial planar system. Then, with the iterative process, the average RMS spot diameter decreased by 75.4% compared with the system before iterations, and the maximum absolute distortion decreased by 94.2%. After further optimization with optical design software, good image quality which is closed to diffraction-limited is achieved.

  10. Automatic detection of lung nodules in computed tomography images: training and validation of algorithms using public research databases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camarlinghi, Niccolò

    2013-09-01

    Lung cancer is one of the main public health issues in developed countries. Lung cancer typically manifests itself as non-calcified pulmonary nodules that can be detected reading lung Computed Tomography (CT) images. To assist radiologists in reading images, researchers started, a decade ago, the development of Computer Aided Detection (CAD) methods capable of detecting lung nodules. In this work, a CAD composed of two CAD subprocedures is presented: , devoted to the identification of parenchymal nodules, and , devoted to the identification of the nodules attached to the pleura surface. Both CADs are an upgrade of two methods previously presented as Voxel Based Neural Approach CAD . The novelty of this paper consists in the massive training using the public research Lung International Database Consortium (LIDC) database and on the implementation of new features for classification with respect to the original VBNA method. Finally, the proposed CAD is blindly validated on the ANODE09 dataset. The result of the validation is a score of 0.393, which corresponds to the average sensitivity of the CAD computed at seven predefined false positive rates: 1/8, 1/4, 1/2, 1, 2, 4, and 8 FP/CT.

  11. Determining the applicability of the Landauer nanoDot as a general public dosimeter in a research imaging facility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charlton, Michael A; Thoreson, Kelly F; Cerecero, Jennifer A

    2012-11-01

    The Research Imaging Institute (RII) building at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio (UTHSCSA) houses two cyclotron particle accelerators, positron emission tomography (PET) machines, and a fluoroscopic unit. As part of the radiation protection program (RPP) and meeting the standard for achieving ALARA (as low as reasonably achievable), it is essential to minimize the ionizing radiation exposure to the general public through the use of controlled areas and area dose monitoring. Currently, thirty-four whole body Luxel+ dosimeters, manufactured by Landauer, are being used in various locations within the RII to monitor dose to the general public. The intent of this research was to determine if the nanoDot, a single point dosimeter, can be used as a general public dosimeter in a diagnostic facility. This was tested by first verifying characteristics of the nanoDot dosimeter including dose linearity, dose rate dependence, angular dependence, and energy dependence. Then, the response of the nanoDot dosimeter to the Luxel+ dosimeter when placed in a continuous, low dose environment was investigated. Finally, the nanoDot was checked for appropriate response in an acute, high dose environment. Based on the results, the current recommendation is that the nanoDot should not replace the Luxel+ dosimeter without further work to determine the energy spectra in the RII building and without considering the limitation of the microStar reader, portable on-site OSL reader, at doses below 0.1 mGy (10 mrad).

  12. Near real-time operation of public image database for ground vehicle navigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, E.; Kozaitis, S. P.

    2015-02-01

    An effective color night vision system for ground vehicle navigation should operate in near real-time to be practical. We described a system that uses a public database as a source of color information to colorize night vision imagery. Such an approach presents several problems due to differences between acquired and reference imagery. Our system performed registration, colorizing, and reference updating in near real-time in an effort to help drivers of ground vehicles during night to see a colored view of a scene.

  13. 公共健康危机治理的伦理构建%Ethics Construction of Public Health Crisis Governance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高进; 娄成武

    2016-01-01

    Ethics construction of public health crisis governance is the intrinsic requirement of fundamental attributes, the significant guarantee of harmed subj ects,and the due implication of crisis governance policies.Public health crisis governance should uphold such ethical norms as human-oriented value,j ustice and responsibility.On the value orientation,the human rights to live,to know and to choose should be protected.To pursue the justice of rights,opportunities and procedures,the fairness and j ustice of resources distribution,risk undertaking and measure implementation should be guaranteed.The duty-bound responsibility and result responsibility of public health crisis governance should also be clarified. Consequently,the multiple subj ects of public health crisis governance are supposed to insist on human orientation and humanist care,carry the fairness and j ustice through,share reasonably the resources risk,enhance the sense of responsibility, and implement effectively the preventive governance.%构建公共健康危机治理的伦理道德,是公共健康危机根本属性的内在要求,是公共健康危机侵害对象的重要保障,是公共健康危机治理政策的应有之义。公共健康危机治理应该秉持人本、公正与责任等伦理规范。在价值取向上,维护人的生命权、知情权和选择权,追求权利、机会和程序的公正;在资源分配、风险承担和手段实施方面实现公平与正义;同时,明确公共健康危机治理的应当责任和结果责任。因此,公共健康危机治理的多元主体需要坚持以人为本,实现人文价值关怀;贯彻公平正义,合理分担资源风险;强化责任意识,有效防控治理。

  14. Selected Publications in Image Understanding and Computer Vision from 1974 to 1983

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-04-18

    graylevel image processing, in (261], 135-147. * 327. C. Guerra , Reflections on local computations, in [261], 221-229. D.3. Software, etc. 368. D...system" for reconstruction of mechanical object from projections, in [4], 491-496. 843,, B. Cernuschi- Frias , D. B. Cooper, and R. M. Bolle, Estimation of...K. R. Sloan, Jr., Analysis of "dot product" shape descriptions, T-PAMI 4, 1982, 87-90. 1012. C. Guerra and G. G. Pieroni, A graph-theoretic method

  15. 公共文化服务体系中县级图书馆建设与服务原则思考%Thoughts on the Construction and Service Principles of County Library in the Public Culture Service System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢军

    2012-01-01

    根据我国县级图书馆的发展现状,从公共文化服务体系建设的角度,探讨了县级图书馆的建设与服务原则。%According to the current situation of the development of county libraries in China,this paper discusses the the construction and service principles of county library from the view of the construction of public cultural service system.

  16. Preoperative assessment of trigeminal neuralgia and hemifacial spasm using constructive interference in steady state-three-dimensional fourier transformation magnetic resonance imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamakami, Iwao; Kobayashi, Eiichi; Hirai, Shinji; Yamaura, Akira [Chiba Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine

    2000-11-01

    Results of microvascular decompression (MVD) for trigeminal neuralgia (TN) and hemifacial spasm (HFS) may be improved by accurate preoperative assessment of neurovascular relationships at the root entry/exit zone (REZ). Constructive interference in steady state (CISS)-three-dimensional Fourier transformation (3DFT) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was evaluated for visualizing the neurovascular relationships at the REZ. Fourteen patients with TN and eight patients with HFS underwent MR imaging using CISS-3DFT and 3D fast inflow with steady-state precession (FISP) sequences. Axial images of the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) obtained by the two sequences were reviewed to assess the neurovascular relationships at the REZ of the trigeminal and facial nerves. Eleven patients subsequently underwent MVD. Preoperative MR imaging findings were related to surgical observations and results. CISS MR imaging provided excellent contrast between the cranial nerves, small vessels, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the CPA. CISS was significantly better than FISP for delineating anatomic detail in the CPA (trigeminal and facial nerves, petrosal vein) and abnormal neurovascular relationships responsible for TN and HFS (vascular contact and deformity at the REZ). Preoperative CISS MR imaging demonstrated precisely the neurovascular relationships at the REZ and identified the offending artery in all seven patients with TN undergoing MVD. CISS MR imaging has high resolution and excellent contrast between cranial nerves, small vessels, and CSF, so can precisely and accurately delineate normal and abnormal neurovascular relationships at the REZ in the CPA, and is a valuable preoperative examination for MVD. (author)

  17. TEORÍA ANATÓMICA DE LA CONSTRUCCIÓN DE LA IMAGEN VISUAL. ANATOMIC THEORY OF THE VISUAL IMAGE CONSTRUCTION.

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriel Morán; Horacio A. Conesa; Gustavo H. R. A. Otegui

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: This paper suggests an anatomic theory of the visual image construction considering the connectivity of the visual areas of the occipital lobe with other brain´s areas and those possible functions. Material and Methods: The samples consisted of 10 human cerebral hemispheres, stored for a week in 50% formalin solution. The dissections were made with tips of wooden spatulas of various sizes developed in our laboratory. Results: We have recognized six different fibrilar systems conne...

  18. 福建省宁德市蕉城区生态公益林体系建设%The City of Ningde Manila City Ecological Public Welfare Forest System Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄振奋

    2012-01-01

      对福建省宁德市蕉城区生态公益林体系建设的重要性及存在问题进行分析,并提出一些建议,目的是为今后蕉城区生态公益林体系建设提供理论参考。%  To Manila city ecological public welfare forest system construction of the importance and the existing problems are analyzed, some Suggestions were put forward, the purpose is for the future Manila city ecological public welfare forest system construction to provide a theoretical reference

  19. 后现代语境:公共档案馆建设的时代契机%Post-modern Context: the Era Chance for Construction of Public Archives

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关勰

    2011-01-01

    The ideas of holism, man-oriented and creatiVe of Post-modernist, have brought important revelations for public archives' construction, and offered a valuable era chance for the construction of Public Archives.%后现代主义整体主义的思想、以人为本的思想、创造性的思想等,为我国公共档案馆建设提供了重要的启示,为我国公共档案馆的建设创造了宝贵的时代契机。

  20. 期刊出版与妇女学学科建设%Journal Publication and the Abstract: There Discipline Construction of Women' s Studies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    畅引婷

    2011-01-01

    There is a close relationship between journal publishing and the discipline construction of women' s studies, however, the specific situation of current Chinese periodical publication shows that the inadequacy of professional periodicals on women studies and cultural connotation of popular women periodicals limit the development of women studies. Meanwhile, it is difficult for the achievement of women studies to mix together with women' s life and practice. Thus, the establishment of women and gender studies column in comprehensive and specialized periodicals, the communication between advanced gender culture and knowledge in women studies and popular women periodicals, the establishment of new speech world in addition to academic periodicals and women' s periodicals, the transmission of women's study achievement, the construction of women's mind, are important measures of women' s studies to break bottleneck in periodical publication.%期刊出版与妇女学学科建设有着十分密切的关系,但从当前中国期刊出版的具体情况看,专业性妇女研究期刊出版数量的有限和大众普及性妇女期刊学术文化内涵的欠缺,都使得妇女学独立发展的空间受到很大限制,同时,妇女研究的成果也难以与妇女大众的生活实际/实践有效融合。因此,在综合性或专业性学术期刊中开辟妇女与性别研究专栏,将妇女研究领域先进的性别文化和知识与大众普及性的妇女期刊进行良性互动,在学术期刊和妇女期刊之外开辟新的言说天地,传播妇女研究成果,武装妇女大众头脑,是妇女学在期刊出版方面突破瓶颈的重要举措。

  1. We Media’s Negative Impact on Public Security’s Image and Countermeasures%自媒体对公安机关形象的消极影响及应对措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩磊

    2015-01-01

    With the rapid development of the “We Media” industry, the transmission of online information presents a new trend. The characteristics and the unique transmission mode of “We Media” makes lots of negative information of police work be produced and circulated, which has imposed a negative impact on public security’s image, weakened the police authorities, reduced the credibility of law enforcement and impeded the smooth conduct of public security work. Therefore, in order to handle the police image crisis timely and effectively, restore the damaged image and serve people better, public security organs should strengthen their own construction by enhancing cyberspace supervision, guiding the public opinion well and so on.%随着自媒体行业的快速发展,网络信息的传播呈现新的传播态势。自媒体自身的特点及其独特的传播方式使大量有关公安工作的负面信息得以滋生和流转,对公安机关的形象产生了消极影响,进而削弱了警察权威,降低了执法公信力,不利于公安工作的顺利开展。对此,公安机关应从抓好自身建设做起,加强网络监管,做好舆论引导,及时有效地处理好公安形象危机问题,重树公安机关良好形象,更好地为人民服务。

  2. Levelof Awareness among Professionals in the Nigerian Construction Industry on Public Private Partnership Procurement and Its Variants in Infrastructure Development in Nigeria: Case Study, Lagos State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1Ogunbiyi, Moses A

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This is a survey that investigates the awarenessof professionals and other participants in the Nigerian construction industry in the use of public private partnership and its variant methods in procuring infrastructure in Nigeria.The paper assesses the variants of PPP in infrastructure development, identifies the issues and benefits associated with PPP and factors that affect the choice of the variants. The study employs structured questionnaire to gather pertinent data from the consulting firms of practicing professionals and other practitioners in the built environment in Nigeria such as; 1. Quantity Surveyors; 2. Architects; 3. Engineers; 4. Builders. 5. Land Surveyors; 6. Lawyers. Thereafter, stratified random and purposive sampling technique was used in the selection of respondents to the survey questionnaire. Result shows that Nigeria began to use PPP for project procurement in the mid to late 1990s and the trend is expected to continue into the future, with positive impact on the private and public sectors. The study also, finds that BOT a variant of PPP is the most commonly used with a mean weighted value of 6.78 or 68%; ranked first with 28.4% of respondents. Followed by SC with 23.9%; MC with 19.4%; CC with 13.9%; JVP with 10.5% and PFI with 4.5 respectively. This survey concludes that government should partner more with the private investors in the provision of infrastructure in the face of dwindling resources of government; it also recommends that; 1. PPP and its variants should be popularized through organized workshops and seminars; 2. Its advantages should be propagated to attract local and foreign investors; 3. PPP and its variants should be used to mitigate the challenges facing the traditional method of procurement of infrastructures.

  3. Images

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Images for the website main pages and all configurations. The upload and access points for the other images are: Website Template RSW images BSCW Images HIRENASD...

  4. Yoga, Body and Image: Spirituality and Wellbeing; From Therapy to Publicity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Alexander Fajardo Pulido

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The practice of yoga in Bogotá has a particular vision of the body that promotes a form of co-implicit, holistic and totalizing existence, inserted into the constant logic of a spiritual experience materialized in the individual body. This vision is directly related to a reciprocal concept of health and disease, which establishes its limits beyond the atomized and institutionalized corporal vision of Western biomedical medicine. Eastern spirituality promotes “new forms” of experiencing health and sickness, which find a commercial resonance with complimentary health service providers that grow more influential within a local context; additionally, they have also found fertile ground in the urban imaginary of Bogotá, appearing on scene with a certain body-psychic-spiritual ideal related to something beyond just well-being; an image promoted by the publishing industry and market logic in the different mass communication media

  5. IN THE EXTRA-LITERARY THRESHOLD: PREFACES, FOREWORDS AND THE AUTOCONSTITUTION OF THE PUBLIC IMAGE BY THE AUTHOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Luiz Barros da Silva

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Inquiry about the relations between the paratexts (prefaces, “foreword to the reader” etc. and the main narrative of French novelists of the XVIIIth century, in a moment of auto-legitimation of the novel as genre. The debates pro and against the novels and the ficcionalization of forewords will be analyzed as signs of a cultural polemic of rise of the novel in modernity. Three Brazilian authors – Machado de Assis, Clarice Lispector and Alberto Mussa – will be analyzed as heirs of these debates, under the aspect of a complex play between paratexts and main narratives, and between admited projects and the auto-constitution of the public image by the author, in a contemporary time of intense midiatic presence. The heritage shows a (theoretical continuity between the moment of the rise of novels and the ulteriors deployements of a modernity that has maintained the importance of the novel as genre.

  6. 公安机关群众工作的路径建设%On the path of construction of public security work for the masses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章春明

    2012-01-01

    公安群众工作是公安工作的重要组成部分,群众工作开展的效果不仅体现出国家政权与人民群众之间的关系,更直接关系到新时期社会的稳定与发展。良性的群众工作建立,需要公安民警公正执法,树立公安机关执法公信力,提升工作的效能,增强群众安全感;需要公安民警时时刻刻牢记全心全意为人民服务,把工作重点放在为群众办好事、办实事上,真正从群众的利益出发,了解他们的要求、困难和愿望,解决他们的实际问题,从而赢得群众的信任和尊重;需要公安民警提升群众工作方法,有声有色搞好舆论宣传和文化建设,通过社区文化凝聚民心。%Public security work of the masses is an important part of the public security work. The effect on which mass work carried out not only reflected the relationship between government and mass, but also di- rectly related to the social stability and development in the new era. Under a healthy relationship of establish- ment between mass and government, we should have impartial law enforcement, to establish the credibility of Law enforcement and enhance effectiveness of the work in order to improve the sense of safety of mass; we should keep in mind to serve the people wholeheartedly, to focus on good or practical things for the mas- ses. From the interests of the masses, we should understand their requirements, difficulties and aspirations to solve their practical problems and win the trust and respect of their own; we should improve the working meth- ods , and do a good job in the aspects of public opinion or propaganda work and cultural construction through community culture' s cohesion for the people.

  7. Environmental Impact Prediction Of Road Construction Projects On Natural Habitats Using Remotely Sensed Images(Case Study: Qazvin-Rasht Highway, Iran)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yazdankhah, Alireza; Gharebaghi, Amin; Saberi, Nastaran

    2010-05-01

    One of the most challenging parts of an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is to identify and evaluate severity and extent of project's destructive affects on environment. During this study a new method has been developed to predict environmental impact. For this purpose, remotely sensed images in Qazvin-Rasht Highway area, Iran during years of 2004-2008 were used. Although natural habitats including Fauna and Flora are exposed to destructive affects in different various aspects, natural vegetation cover extent and density was chosen as a main environmental element. Changes in extent and density of vegetation cover can be calculated by change detection algorithms between selected images. In this study maps of vegetation cover in Iran are produced using Advanced Space borne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) images with spatial resolution of 15m. Vegetation cover obtained from NDVI index is classified in different species by classification methods. The next step is calculation of changes between pixels of images via existing change detection algorithms. Regression models were developed to predict the project activities impacts on vegetation. Forecast model of environmental effects on Flora can be so helpful in Environmental Impact Assessment of road construction projects especially in variants selection phase. It provides useful information for decision makers to select less harmful corridor to construct.

  8. Public Library Reference Service Brand Construction%公共图书馆参考咨询品牌建设探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛辰莲

    2012-01-01

    The prosperity of the book market brings competition to the public library. Reference service market is the need for library survival and development. This article, analyzing the competitive environment of library reference service, explores the importance of reference brand construction, the composition of reference brand information and brand value content. At last, the author gives some effective ways.%图书市场的繁荣给公共图书馆带来了竞争,图书参考咨询服务市场是品牌的战场。参考咨询品牌建设是图书馆生存和发展的需要。本文从分析图书馆参考咨询的竞争环境出发,探讨了参考咨询品牌建设的重要性,阐述了参考咨询品牌信息的构成和品牌价值内容,提出了图书馆参考咨询品牌建设的具体有效办法。

  9. 城市公共物流信息平台功能与结构设计%Study on Construction of City Public Logistics Information Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢志滨; 叶蔓

    2012-01-01

    City public logistics information platform is the core and key factor of the development of modern logistics. Through the construction of logistics information platform, it can greatly promote the information-oriented for modem logistics development. The concept and characteristic of logistics information platform are defined and the role and significance of city logistics information platform have been analyzed. Based on the analysis of city logistics information platform system function and stnacture, the overall framework of the hierarchy software and hardware for information platform have been built and designed.%城市公共物流信息平台的建设是发展现代物流的核心和关键,通过建设物流信息平台可以极大地推动现代物流向信息化方向发展。通过对城市公共物流信息平台的概念、特征、作用和意义等分析.探讨了城市公共物流信息平台的系统功能与结构,在此基础上设计了信息平台的总体框架、层次结构及软硬件。

  10. 区域性公共物流信息平台的构建路径分析%Path for Construction of Regional Logistics Public Information Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓汝春; 陈广仁

    2012-01-01

    在调研、分析经济区域内的物流发展和信息化,各经济主体的功能需求,明确建设目标和任务的基础上,设计各子系统平台,采用一定的技术方法进行系统集成,并构建起系统安全运行机制,从而建设一个高效、敏捷的区域性公共物流信息平台.%The paper first investigates the relationship between logistics informatization and the development of regional economy, analyzes the functional demand of the various economic agents and achieves a clear view of the objectives and tasks in the construction of the regional logistics public information platform. On such basis, it configures the subsystems of the platform, integrates the systems using certain technical solutions and establishes a safe operation mechanism for the platform.

  11. Construction of Basic Sport Public Service Standardization:Content,Dilemma and Strategy%基本公共体育服务标准化建设:内容、困境与策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王学彬; 郑家鲲

    2015-01-01

    为了解我国基本公共体育服务标准化建设现状,促进我国基本公共体育服务标准化建设。通过文献分析和调查,对我国基本公共体育服务标准化的内涵、背景、动因及体育服务领域标准化建设进行分析和总结。在此基础上,提出基本公共体育服务标准化建设内容,探索基本公共体育服务标准化建设存在的困境,并从宏观、中观、微观3个方面提出发展基本公共体育服务标准化建设的策略。%In order to understand the current situation of China's basic sports public service standardization ,and promote the construction of basic sports public service standardization ,this paper analyzes and summarizes the content ,background ,motivation and sports service stand‐ardization construction of basic sports public service in China by means of literature review and investigation .On this basis ,the author puts forward the basic sports public service standardiza‐tion construction content ,and explores the dilemma of the basic sports public service standardi‐zation construction ,and provides the development strategy of basic public sports service stand‐ardization construction from the macro ,meso and micro aspects .

  12. ESO Imaging Survey. Deep Public Survey Multi-Color Optical Data for the Chandra Deep Field South

    CERN Document Server

    Arnouts, S; Benoist, C; Groenewegen, M A T; Costa, L; Schirmer, M; Mignani, R P; Slijkhuis, R; Hatziminaoglou, E; Hook, R; Madejsky, R; Rité, C; Wicenec, A

    2001-01-01

    (short) This paper presents multi-passband optical data obtained from observations of the Chandra Deep Field South (CDF-S), located at alpha ~ 3h 32m, delta ~ -27d 48m. The observations were conducted at the ESO/MPG 2.2m telescope at La Silla using the 8kx8k Wide-Field Imager (WFI). This data set, taken over a period of one year, represents the first field to be completed by the ongoing Deep Public Survey (DPS) being carried out by the ESO Imaging Survey (EIS) project. This paper describes the optical observations, the techniques employed for un-supervised pipeline processing and the general characteristics of the final data set. The paper includes data taken in six different filters U'UBVRI. The data cover an area of about 0.25 square degrees reaching 5 sigma limiting magnitudes of U'_AB=26.0, U_AB=25.7, B_AB=26.4$, V_AB=25.4, R_AB=25.5 and I_AB= 24.7 mag, as measured within a 2xFWHM aperture. The optical data covers the area of ~ 0.1 square degrees for which moderately deep observations in two near-infrared...

  13. An audit of elective outpatient magnetic resonance imaging in a tertiary South African public-sector hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francois van Schouwenburg

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Increasing demand for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI has resulted in longer waiting times for elective MRI, particularly in resource-limited healthcare environments.However, inappropriate imaging requests may also contribute to prolonged MRI waiting times. At the time of the present study, the waiting time for elective MRI studies at Tygerberg Hospital (TBH, a tertiary-level public-sector healthcare facility in Cape Town (South Africa,was 24 weeks.Objectives: To document the nature and clinical appropriateness of scheduled TBH outpatient MRI examinations.Method: A retrospective analysis of the referral forms of all elective outpatient MRIexaminations scheduled at TBH from 01 June to 30 November 2011 was conducted. Patient age, gender, clinical details, provisional diagnosis, examination requested and referring clinician were recorded on a customised data sheet. Two radiologists independently evaluated the appropriateness of each request by comparing the clinical details and the provisional diagnosis provided with the 2012 American College of Radiology (ACR guidelines for the appropriate use of MRI.Results: Four hundred and sixty-six patients (median age 42 years; interquartile range 19–55 who had 561 examinations were scheduled in the review period; 70 (15% were children less than 6 years old. Neurosurgery (n = 164; 35%, orthopaedic (n = 144; 31%,neurology (n = 53; 11% and paediatric (n = 27; 6% outpatients accounted for the majority(81% of referrals; 464 (99.6% were from specialist clinics. MRIs of the spine (n = 314; 56%,brain (n = 152; 27% and musculoskeletal system (n = 70, 13% accounted for more than 95%of the investigations. In 455 cases (98%, the referral was congruent with published ACR guidelines for appropriate MRI utilisation.Conclusion: Scheduled outpatient MRI examinations at TBH reflect optimal clinical use of a limited resource. MRI utilisation is largely confined to traditional neuro-imaging. Any initiative to

  14. 基于公共设施产品的意象设计研究%Research on the Image Design Based on of Public Facilities Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭惠尧

    2012-01-01

    Based on Kevin Lynch's urban image theory view, through case studies of public facilities, products, elements of the urban environment, public participation role in the behavior between the three conditions and relationships formed product image of the public facilities constraints imagery aesthetic law, the value of the public image and awareness of the aesthetic orientation, experience, it discussed the need to grasp the principles and methods used in public facilities, products and image design.%以凯文·林奇的城市意象理论观点为基础,通过案例分析了公共设施产品、城市环境要素、公众参与行为三者之间的作用条件和关系,对公共设施产品意象形成的制约因素、公众对意象的价值和审美取向的认知、体验中获得意象审美规律的论述,提出了应用于公共设施产品意象设计所需把握的原则和方法。

  15. Application of Technical Measures and Software in Constructing Photorealistic 3D Models of Historical Building Using Ground-Based and Aerial (UAV) Digital Images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarnowski, Aleksander; Banaszek, Anna; Banaszek, Sebastian

    2015-12-01

    Preparing digital documentation of historical buildings is a form of protecting cultural heritage. Recently there have been several intensive studies using non-metric digital images to construct realistic 3D models of historical buildings. Increasingly often, non-metric digital images are obtained with unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV). Technologies and methods of UAV flights are quite different from traditional photogrammetric approaches. The lack of technical guidelines for using drones inhibits the process of implementing new methods of data acquisition. This paper presents the results of experiments in the use of digital images in the construction of photo-realistic 3D model of a historical building (Raphaelsohns' Sawmill in Olsztyn). The aim of the study at the first stage was to determine the meteorological and technical conditions for the acquisition of aerial and ground-based photographs. At the next stage, the technology of 3D modelling was developed using only ground-based or only aerial non-metric digital images. At the last stage of the study, an experiment was conducted to assess the possibility of 3D modelling with the comprehensive use of aerial (UAV) and ground-based digital photographs in terms of their labour intensity and precision of development. Data integration and automatic photo-realistic 3D construction of the models was done with Pix4Dmapper and Agisoft PhotoScan software Analyses have shown that when certain parameters established in an experiment are kept, the process of developing the stock-taking documentation for a historical building moves from the standards of analogue to digital technology with considerably reduced cost.

  16. On analysis of application of BOT in public rental housing construction of China%BOT方式在我国公租房建设中的应用探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张建武

    2012-01-01

    为解决公租房的资金及建设问题,利用BOT方式建设公租房,从结构框架、主要参与方责任、运行程序等方面进行了探析,以期为我国公租房的建设提供可参考意见。%In order to solve the problem of money and construction of the public rental housing,this paper uses the way of BOT to construct it and analysis it from the structural frame,responsibility for major parties,operation process.Finally,reference opinions can be put forward for our country to construct the public rental housing.

  17. 非公有制经济组织党组织建设现状及对策%Analysis and Countermeasures on Party Construction in the Non-public Sector of the Economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周新芳

    2013-01-01

    加大在非公有制经济组织中党建工作的力度是党的十八大提出的重要课题。创新非公有制经济组织党建工作,一要正确把握新形势下非公有制经济组织党组织建设现状。二要剖析非公有制经济组织党组织建设存在的问题及原因,即思想认识不够统一,党建工作开展不够深入;企业历史发展厚重不一,党建工作开展不够平衡;党员流动性大,党组织不稳固;政策支持激励不够,党建工作创新动力不足等。三要提出加强非公有制经济组织党建工作的对策。%To increase the work of Party construction in non-public sector of the economy is an important subject in the report of the 18th National Congress of the C .P .C .To innovate the work of Party construction in non-public economy in-volves the following work :First ,to correctly grasp the new situation of party construction of non-public economy sector ;Sec-ond ,to analyze the problems and reasons in the construction of the non -public economy sector Party organization .Third ,to put forward countermeasures to strengthen the party construction in non-public sector of the economy .

  18. Design and Construction of a Cost-Effective Spinning Disk System for Live Imaging of Inner Ear Tissue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceriani, Federico; Ciubotaru, Catalin D; Bortolozzi, Mario; Mammano, Fabio

    2016-01-01

    Confocal imaging of fluorescent probes offers a powerful, non-invasive tool which enables data collection from vast population of cells at high spatial and temporal resolution. Spinning disk confocal microscopy parallelizes the imaging process permitting the study of dynamic events in populations of living cells on the millisecond time scale. Several spinning disk microscopy solutions are commercially available, however these are often poorly configurable and relatively expensive. This chapter describes a procedure to assemble a cost-effective homemade spinning disk system for fluorescence microscopy, which is highly flexible and easily configurable. We finally illustrate a reliable protocol to obtain high-quality Ca(2+) and voltage imaging data from cochlear preparations.

  19. The impact of complaint management and service quality on organizational image: A case study at the Malaysian public university library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Pei Kian; Mohd Suradi, Nur Riza; Saludin, Mohamad Nasir

    2013-04-01

    Service failure frequently occurs. This affects customer expectations which lead to complaint. However, not all dissatisfied customers actually complain. Without customer feedback, it would be impossible for a company to know whether they needed a change for improvement. Thus, complaint management brings a learning experience to organization in order to provide better service. Therefore, it is important to identify customer dissatisfaction through a systematic complaint handling or management. The study proposes a model of systematic complaint management which applied to academic library as a tool of service recovery. As such, the main purpose of this study is to investigate the critical success factors of complaint management towards service quality, customer satisfaction, customer loyalty and the impact to organizational image at academic library. Three academic libraries have been identified and selected for this project, the Library of Tun Sri Lanang, UKM, UTeM and UNIMAS. Using the justice theory, this study investigates the perception of customers on complaint management in terms of outcomes they receive, procedures used by organization and interpersonal treatment. In this study, there are five factors of complaint management identified, which includes speed of recovery, management system, empowerment, culture and psychology and tangible compensation. A questionnaire was designed and used as the data gathering instrument. A total of 600 respondents participated in this study. Ten hypotheses were used to test the relationships between complaint management, service quality, customer satisfaction, customer loyalty and organizational image. To measure the construct relationships, Structural Equation Model (SEM) approach was used. The results show that management system (b = 0.210; p 0.05) do not influence service quality. The second part of this study uses confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to analyze and confirm the conceptual model proposed in this research

  20. To Actively Promote the Construction of a Harmonious Public Library%积极倡导创建和谐公共图书馆

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张敏

    2013-01-01

    Since the turn of the century, China's economy has got rapid development. While developing economy, we should pay more attention to the cultivation of cultural qualities, and libraries provide the platform and media to improve the overall quality of the people. Today, we advocate harmonious and sustainable development,and the construction of sustainable libraries has become the focus of the society. This article deals with this idea from three aspects: to change the management status and countermeasures according to people-oriented principle, to change the service concept and promote service innovation and improve the quality of librarians and enhance their sense of responsibility as masters. How to create harmonious public libraries is a big topic, the author would like to discuss it with library staff.%  进入21世纪以来,我国的经济得到了迅速的发展,在发展经济的同时更应当注重文化素质的培养,而图书馆为提高广大人们群众的整体素质提供了平台和媒介。在提倡和谐以及可持续发展的今天,建设可持续发展的图书馆已经成为社会的焦点。文章从以人为本,改变管理现状及对策、服务理念转变与服务创新、提高馆员素质增强主人翁责任感三方面进行阐述。如何创造和谐公共图书馆是一个比较大的课题,文章作者就此问题愿与图书馆同仁共同探讨。

  1. New Analysis Method Application in Metallographic Images through the Construction of Mosaics Via Speeded Up Robust Features and Scale Invariant Feature Transform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Pedrosa Rebouças Filho

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In many applications in metallography and analysis, many regions need to be considered and not only the current region. In cases where there are analyses with multiple images, the specialist should also evaluate neighboring areas. For example, in metallurgy, welding technology is derived from conventional testing and metallographic analysis. In welding, these tests allow us to know the features of the metal, especially in the Heat-Affected Zone (HAZ; the region most likely for natural metallurgical problems to occur in welding. The expanse of the Heat-Affected Zone exceeds the size of the area observed through a microscope and typically requires multiple images to be mounted on a larger picture surface to allow for the study of the entire heat affected zone. This image stitching process is performed manually and is subject to all the inherent flaws of the human being due to results of fatigue and distraction. The analyzing of grain growth is also necessary in the examination of multiple regions, although not necessarily neighboring regions, but this analysis would be a useful tool to aid a specialist. In areas such as microscopic metallography, which study metallurgical products with the aid of a microscope, the assembly of mosaics is done manually, which consumes a lot of time and is also subject to failures due to human limitations. The mosaic technique is used in the construct of environment or scenes with corresponding characteristics between themselves. Through several small images, and with corresponding characteristics between themselves, a new model is generated in a larger size. This article proposes the use of Digital Image Processing for the automatization of the construction of these mosaics in metallographic images. The use of this proposed method is meant to significantly reduce the time required to build the mosaic and reduce the possibility of failures in assembling the final image; therefore increasing efficiency in obtaining

  2. 影像屈原的建构与批评%On the Construction and Criticism of the Image of Qu Yuan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘伟生

    2015-01-01

    影像屈原的建构既要有多元充足的类别与生动丰满的个案,也要尽可能让一些经典个案富含多层的意蕴。影像屈原体类建构的主流目标应该是正格的历史悲剧。从悲剧主体来看,它既是个人命运的悲剧,也是国家民族的悲剧。从悲剧本身的类别与层次来看,它既是社会政治的悲剧,也是历史文化的悲剧与道德理想的悲剧。影像屈原的构建终归要落实到叙事艺术上来,其中重点是人物形象的塑造、情节结构的安排与话语方式的讲求,要注意历史与逻辑的统一、宏观与微观的结合、文学与影像的互动。%The construction of the image of Qu Yuan requires multiple abundant classification and vivid colorful individual cases, and also endows multi-dimensions of meanings to some classical cases. The main purpose of the con-struction of the image of Qu Yuan and such kind of images should be formal historical tragedies. From the subject of the tragedy, it is not only an individual’s tragedy, but also the tragedy of the nation. From the type and level, it is a so-cial and political, historical and cultural, moral and ideal tragedy. The construction of the image of Qu Yuan finally will be demonstrated by narrative art with the emphasis on the shape of image, organization of the plots and ways of dis-course. Historical and logical unity, macro and micro integration, literary and image interaction should be paid atten-tion to during the process.

  3. Being authentic is the new image : A qualitative study on the authenticity constructions and self-images of Christian millennials in Africa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Counted, Victor

    2016-01-01

    The article is a qualitative study that focuses on the authenticity and self-constructions of Christian millennials in Africa. While exploring how 15 respondents manifested their authentic self-behaviours using a case study design, the hallmark of the study was to observe the common coping mechanism

  4. Being authentic is the new image : A qualitative study on the authenticity constructions and self-images of Christian millennials in Africa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Counted, Victor

    2016-01-01

    The article is a qualitative study that focuses on the authenticity and self-constructions of Christian millennials in Africa. While exploring how 15 respondents manifested their authentic self-behaviours using a case study design, the hallmark of the study was to observe the common coping mechanism

  5. A public world without public relations?

    OpenAIRE

    Nayden, Nikolay

    2015-01-01

    The term "public relations" (PR) has long gained currency as meaning the practice of producing a positive public image. This article argues that public relations should be released from the prison of "PR" and, instead, reconceptualised as relations which define the public realm much as economic relations define the economy. From this point of view, three main levels of public relations can be distinguished: (1) relations between public institutions, (2) relations between citizens and public i...

  6. A public world without public relations?:

    OpenAIRE

    Nayden, Nikolay

    2009-01-01

    The term "public relations" (PR) has long gained currency as meaning the practice of producing a positive public image. This article argues that public relations should be released from the prison of "PR" and, instead, reconceptualised as relations which define the public realm much as economic relations define the economy. From this point of view, three main levels of public relations can be distinguished: (1) relations between public institutions, (2) relations between citizens and public i...

  7. Bridging radiology and public health: the emerging field of radiologic public health informatics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mollura, Daniel J; Carrino, John A; Matuszak, Diane L; Mnatsakanyan, Zaruhi R; Eng, John; Cutchis, Protagoras; Babin, Steven M; Sniegoski, Carol; Lombardo, Joseph S

    2008-03-01

    Radiology and public health have an emerging opportunity to collaborate, in which radiology's vast supply of imaging data can be integrated into public health information systems for epidemiologic assessments and responses to population health problems. Fueling the linkage of radiology and public health include (i) the transition from analog film to digital formats, enabling flexible use of radiologic data; (ii) radiology's role in imaging across nearly all medical and surgical subspecialties, which establishes a foundation for a consolidated and uniform database of images and reports for public health use; and (iii) the use of radiologic data to characterize disease patterns in a population occupying a geographic area at one time and to characterize disease progression over time via follow-up examinations. The backbone for this integration is through informatics projects such as Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine Clinical Terms and RadLex constructing terminology libraries and ontologies, as well as algorithms integrating data from the electronic health record and Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine Structured Reporting. Radiology's role in public health is being tested in disease surveillance systems for outbreak detection and bioterrorism, such as the Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics. Challenges for radiologic public health informatics include refining the systems and user interfaces, adhering to privacy regulations, and strengthening collaborative relations among stakeholders, including radiologists and public health officials. Linking radiology with public health, radiologic public health informatics is a promising avenue through which radiology can contribute to public health decision making and health policy.

  8. Construction of SAR Image Library System Based on ORACLE and Arcsde%基于ORACLE和Arcsde的SAR影像库系统构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石雪冬; 周霁进

    2013-01-01

    Synthetic Aperture Radar is a kind of microwave imaging system with advantages of all day long and all weather observation , multi - frequency band, multi - polarization and multiple points of view, etc. At present, in view of the typical feature analysis of SAR image library system research, this paper collects all kinds of satellite - borne SAR image data, analyses the space database and spatial data engine technology to construct the SAR image library system based on Oracle and ArcSDE integration technology according to the ArcGIS Engine and. net core language C# programming environment. SAR image library system realizes the effective storage between image data and highly efficient storage between meta data and image data, and provides an efficient platform for extract and interpret the typical feature information.%合成孔径雷达(Synthetic Aperture Radar,SAR)是一种微波的成像系统,具有全天时、全天候观测以及多频段、多极化和多视角等优点.本文在收集各类星载SAR影像数据基础上,通过对空间数据库和空间数据引擎技术的分析,在ArcGIS Engine和.NET的核心语言C#编程环境下,构建了基于Oracle和ArcSDE集成技术的SAR影像库系统.SAR影像库系统实现了影像数据之间的有效存储,以及元数据与影像数据的高效、统一存储,并为典型地物的特征信息提取和判读工具的形成提供了一个高效平台.

  9. Non-invasive assessment of elastic modulus of arterial constructs during cell culture using ultrasound elasticity imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutta, Debaditya; Lee, Kee-Won; Allen, Robert A; Wang, Yadong; Brigham, John C; Kim, Kang

    2013-11-01

    Mechanical strength is a key design factor in tissue engineering of arteries. Most existing techniques assess the mechanical property of arterial constructs destructively, leading to sacrifice of a large number of animals. We propose an ultrasound-based non-invasive technique for the assessment of the mechanical strength of engineered arterial constructs. Tubular scaffolds made from a biodegradable elastomer and seeded with vascular fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells were cultured in a pulsatile-flow bioreactor. Scaffold distension was computed from ultrasound radiofrequency signals of the pulsating scaffold via 2-D phase-sensitive speckle tracking. Young's modulus was then calculated by solving the inverse problem from the distension and the recorded pulse pressure. The stiffness thus computed from ultrasound correlated well with direct mechanical testing results. As the scaffolds matured in culture, ultrasound measurements indicated an increase in Young's modulus, and histology confirmed the growth of cells and collagen fibrils in the constructs. The results indicate that ultrasound elastography can be used to assess and monitor non-invasively the mechanical properties of arterial constructs. Copyright © 2013 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. The Regional Effect on Formation Mechanism of Public Image of Businessman---A Case Study of Guangxi%区域商人的公众形象形成机制:区域效应--以桂商为对象的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘强

    2016-01-01

    The public image of businessman in one region is becoming more and more important since it will impact the competitive power of the business. By taking Guangxi businessmen as a case,a structural equation model is established to analyze the formation mechanism of public image of businessman,and study how the region difference affects the formation mechanism. The study finds there is a regional preference in the public image perception. The local people will give more positive evaluation to the local merchants; the media image of the merchants has a positive influence on the public image perception,and the public image perception has greater influence on the public behavior;there are different sources of cognitive construction of regional public businessman image in different pleces—both the medium communication and interpersonal communication have influences on the local public image perception,while the medium communication has influence outside the area. The research will provide enlightenment on the image shaping and improvement for the regional businessmen.%区域商人形象越来越成为影响区域商业环境竞争力的重要因素。本文以桂商为研究对象,通过结构方程建模分析研究区域商人公众形象的形成机制,探索区域差异对公众形象形成的调节作用。研究发现:区域商人公众形象认知存在区域中心主义倾向,本地公众对本地商人会给予更为积极的评价;区域商人媒体形象呈现正向影响公众形象认知,区域商人公众形象认知会高度影响公众的行为倾向;不同区域公众的商人形象认知建构来源存在差异,本区域公众会受媒介传播感知和人际传播感知的双重影响,而其他区域公众则主要受媒介传播感知影响。研究结论为区域商人形象塑造和提升提供了启示。

  11. Literatura surda: criação e produção de imagens e textos/Deaf literature: creation and construction of images and texts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiano Souto Rosa

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste texto é analisar o uso da literatura como a construção da consciência de mundo, relacionando a interpretação com a realidade. A proposta é investigar a importância do uso da imagem e da linguagem na literatura, analisando a expressão de uma literatura surda. This paper aims to analyze the use of literature as the construction of world awareness, by relating interpretation and reality. We propose investigating the importance of using image and language in literature, by analyzing the expression of deaf literature.

  12. Negative refraction of elastic waves in 2D phononic crystals: Contribution of resonant transmissions to the construction of the image of a point source

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne-Christine Hladky-Hennion

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Negative refraction properties of a two-dimensional phononic crystal (PC, made of a triangular lattice of steel rods embedded in epoxy are investigated both experimentally and numerically. First, experiments have been carried out on a prism shaped PC immersed in water. Then, for focusing purposes, a flat lens is considered and the construction of the image of a point source is analyzed in details, when indices are matched between the PC and the surrounding fluid medium, whereas acoustic impedances are mismatched. Optimal conditions for focusing longitudinal elastic waves by such PC flat lens are then discussed.

  13. Color Image Classification and Retrieval using Image mining Techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr.V.Mohan,

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Mining Image data is one of the essential features in the present scenario. Image data is the major one which plays vital role in every aspect of the systems like business for marketing, hospital for surgery, engineering for construction, Web for publication and so on. The other area in the Image mining system is the Content-BasedImage Retrieval (CBIR. CBIR systems perform retrieval based on the similarity defined in terms of extracted features with more objectiveness. But, the features of the query image alone will not be sufficient constraint for retrieving images. Hence, a new technique Color Image Classification and Retrieval using a Image Technique isproposed for improving user interaction with image retrieval systems by fully exploiting the similarity information.

  14. Deictic Reference as a Means for Constructing the Character Image in a Dubbed Cartoon Snow Postman: Comparative Analysis of the Lithuanian, Russian and English Versions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danguolė Satkauskaitė

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The article aims at examining how the main character Snowman’s image is constructed by applying an abundant number of deictic expressions in the Lithuanian, Russian and English versions of the cartoon Snow Postman. The research was based on M. Consten’s conception of direct and indirect reference and the model of visual-verbal cohesion proposed by N. Baumgarten. The study has revealed that in both, Russian and Lithuanian versions of the cartoon, the main character’s dialogues are loaded with deictic expressions which mark the same referents. In this way, the main character is shaped as a dull, forgetful being, unable to store and process a huge amount of information in his head. In the English version, deictic instances are sparsely used, thus the character image is quite different here: the snowman is less absent-minded and fuzzy.

  15. 分子影像学教学体系构建探讨%On Molecular Imaging Teaching System Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈多芳

    2014-01-01

    分子影像学是一门新兴的交叉学科,已经成为现代生命科学研究最重要的技术手段之一,代表了未来医学影像发展的方向。本文针对分子影像学特点,结合我校生命科学技术学院在分子影像学领域的研究成果以及与医院的合作基础,在教学内容、教学模式以及考评方式等方面展开研究,将生命科学与信息学科和临床医学交叉,建立分子影像学教学体系,为培养理工医复合型分子影像学人才奠定基础。%Molecular imaging is an emerging interdisciplinary, has become one of the most important techniques of modern life sciences, medical imaging represents the direction of future development. In this paper, molecular imaging features, com-bined with research in Life Science and Technology in the field of molecular imaging as well as the basis for cooperation with our university hospital, a study in teaching content, teaching models and evaluation methods, the life science and information science and clinical cross, build molecular imaging teaching system, laying the foundation for training medical complex poly-technic molecular imaging professionals.

  16. Mechanism Innovation:The Key to the Breakthrough of Talent Construction of Public Cultural Services for Huangshi City%机制创新:黄石公共文化服务人才建设突破的关键

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴秀平; 刘小畅

    2016-01-01

    黄石市公共文化服务体系建设经过多年的发展,取得了一些成就,但仍存在专业人才匮乏、人员老化严重、乡镇文化站功能弱化及高层次人才难引进等问题。黄石市应推进人事制度改革,加强从业人员的准入等相关的制度建设;加强基层公共文化服务人员培训的长效机制;加强公共文化服务人才的本土化;加大拔尖人才引进的力度;充分利用和整合黄石地区高校文化资源的优势,以此推动黄石地区公共文化服务人才建设的全面、快速发展。%Huangshi has made some achievements in the public cultural service system construction .However there are still some problems such as the shortage of professionals , the aging problem of professionals , the weakening of the function of the township culture service centers and the difficulty in recruiting high level tal-ent in the villages and towns in the construction of public cultural services .To strength the construction of public cultural services talents ,the following measures can be taken: advancing the reform of personnel sys-tem,strengthening the staff and other related system construction ,strengthening long -term training of public cultural service personnel at the grass -roots level,strengthening localization of public cultural services per-sonnel and recruiting more high level talents and making full use of the cultural resources in universities in Huangshi.

  17. 公共政策视野下的高等职业教育实训基地建设与思考%Consideration on Construction of Training Base of Higher Vocational Education from Public Policy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    虞峰

    2011-01-01

    从公共政策视野下,通过分析高等职业教育公共实训基地的功能内涵和建设原则,公共实训基地在投资、运作和评价等方面创新机制,提高公共实训基地的管理效率和服务能力.%From the perspective of public policy, through analyzing the function connotation and construction principles of public training base of higher vocational education, this paper innovates on mechanisms to improve the management efficiency and service capabilities of public training base, from the investment, operation, and evaluation of public training base.

  18. Construction and tests of demonstrator modules for a 3-D axial PET system for brain or small animal imaging

    CERN Document Server

    Chesi, E; Clinthorne, N; Pauss, P; Meddi, F; Beltrame, P; Kagan, H; Braem, A; Casella, C; Djambazov, G; Smith, S; Johnson, I; Lustermann, W; Weilhammer, P; Nessi-Tedaldi, F; Dissertori, G; Renker, D; Schneider, T; Schinzel, D; Honscheid, K; De Leo, R; Bolle, E; Fanti, V; Rafecas, M; Cochran, E; Rudge, A; Stapnes, S; Huh, S; Seguinot, J; Solevi, P; Joram, C; Oliver, J F

    2011-01-01

    The design and construction of a PET camera module with high sensitivity, full 3-D spatial reconstruction and very good energy resolution is presented. The basic principle consists of an axial arrangement of long scintillation crystals around the Field Of View (FOV), providing a measurement of the transverse coordinates of the interacting 511 keV gamma ray. On top of each layer of crystals, an array of Wave-Length Shifter (WLS) strips, which collect the light leaving the crystals sideways, is positioned orthogonal to the crystal direction. The signals in the WLS strips allow a precise measurement of the z (axial) co-ordinate of the 511 keV gamma-ray gamma impact. The construction of two modules used for demonstration of the concept is described. First preliminary results on spatial and energy resolution from one full module will be shown. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Behind the Photos and the Tears: Media Images, Neoliberal Discourses, Racialized Constructions of Space and School Closings in Chicago

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allweiss, Alexandra; Grant, Carl A.; Manning, Karla

    2015-01-01

    This critical article provides insights into how media frames influence our understandings of school reform in urban spaces by examining images of students during the 2013 school closings in Chicago. Using visual framing analysis and informed by framing theory and critiques of neoliberalism we seek to explore two questions: (1) What role do media…

  20. On the Construction of Citizen Participation Mechanism for Public Crisis Governance%论公共危机治理中公民参与机制的建构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯保龙

    2013-01-01

    To achieve the orderly citizen participation is an important goal of public crisis governance. How to construct some mechanisms for citizens to participate in public crisis must be answered in theory and practice. Based on the vision of governance theory, the article proposes five governance mechanisms: implementing citizen participation responsibility mechanism; perfecting public educa-tion system; Optimizing public crisis mobilization mechanism; building public crisis communication mechanism; constructing an institu-tionalized mechanism.%  实现公民参与的有序性是公共危机治理的重要目标与难点。如何建构公共危机治理中公民参与机制是理论和实践中必须回答的问题。基于治理理论视野,提出建构公共危机治理中公民参与的五大机制:推行公共危机治理公民参与的责任机制;建构公共危机治理的公民教育机制;优化重大灾害性公共危机动员机制;建建重大灾害性公共危机沟通机制;建建志愿者及其公民组织制度化参与机制。

  1. 加强我国公安队伍建设的对策研究%A Study on the Countermeasure of Strengthening the Construction of Public Security Team in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩敏

    2014-01-01

    At present, China is in a critical period of social development, and this particular historical period entrusts the great and glorious mission to the public security organs. However, due to various factors, the public security team is facing new situation, new problems and new challenges. The construction of public security team is the premise and foundation to carry out public security work, is an important means to solve these problems, and is an important guarantee for the effectiveness of police work. Therefore, we should advance with the times to make the right judgments on specific issues: to construct public security team, to enhance education and management, to improve public security running mechanism and management mechanism, to strengthen the system construction, to improve and perfect the safeguard mechanism of public security, to benefit the police and to provide a strong guarantee for strengthening the construction of public security team.%当前,我国正处于社会发展的关键时期,这一特殊的历史时期赋予了公安机关重大而光荣的使命。但由于受各种因素的影响,公安队伍出现了许多新情况、新问题,面临着许多新的挑战。抓好公安队伍建设是开展各项公安工作的前提和基础,是解决这些问题的重要手段,也是公安工作取得成效的重要保证。因此,我们应该与时俱进,针对具体问题做出正确判断:搞好公安机关队伍建设,加强教育和管理是关键。要健全完善公安工作的运行机制和队伍管理机制,加强制度建设,改进完善公安工作保障机制,从优待警,为加强公安队伍建设提供有力保障。

  2. Construction of the image of politics in Spanish TV news programmes. The endo- and exo- balances of the quality of political information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Palencia-Lefler

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available In our society the image that citizens have of politics is strongly conditioned by the way politics are represented in the media and, in particular, in TV news programmes. This article, a product of an R&D project funded by the Spanish Ministry of Education, Social Policy and Sport, analyses the presence and image of political news in eight Spanish TV channels. This article also proposes a new method to measure the quality of political information in Spanish TV news programmes through the definition of the endo- and exo- balances of the political content of news programmes. The main conclusions of this study are that the news programmes of Televisión Española and Cuatro offer a more balanced image of politics, while the news programmes from Sexta and Canal 9 offer more unbalanced image. The percentage of news devoted to politics does not depend on the channels’ ownership (public or private or broadcast coverage (national or regional. On the other hand, there is a relation between the percentages of political issues and policy issues news presented on television.

  3. Public Awareness of Low Carbon Ecological City Construction%低碳生态城市建设改造技术公众认知研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛洪伟; 李芬; 郭永聪

    2012-01-01

    法,以便更好地促进低碳生态城市的可持续发展。%Building low carbon eco-cities is an important strategy in economic transitioning and rapid urbanization. Green retrofitting technology targeting existing communities is pivotal; however, there is a lack of research into the public awareness of this technology. We conducted a survey on 29-30 March 2012 on the public awareness of the content, methods and techniques of low carbon eco-city construction. Our questionnaires and semi-structured interviews focused on the three aspects of 'necessity', 'methodology' and 'existing problems'. Regarding green building planning and existing community retrofitting, the survey investigated people' s understanding and recognition. Regarding urban microcirculation rebuilding, the survey concentrated on 'key technology', 'micro-circulation theory', 'detail technical problem' and 'key practices'. There were 141 effective questionnaires recovered out of 160 during the survey period. The results indicate that it is generally agreed that the techniques of low carbon eco-city planning differ from those of conventional urban planning. Differences are believed to exist in control modes, planning objectives, guiding ideology, information means, planning processes, planning details and security systems. De-carbonizing schemes targeting existing communities should include the following five aspects: transformation of energy systems, environmental remediation, historical preservation, architectural renewal and preservation, and resettlement. Over 90% of respondents believed that green building large-scale planning should involve social and human factors such as convenient public service facilities, accessible public spaces, community livability, completeness of infrastructure facilities, life satisfaction, cultural heritage, architecture openness and job opportunities. Nearly three in ten respondents (27%) felt that the government should lead

  4. Genital panics: constructing the vagina in women's qualitative narratives about pubic hair, menstrual sex, and vaginal self-image.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fahs, Breanne

    2014-06-01

    An emerging body of research targets women's relationship to their genitals, particularly as pubic hair removal and the promotion of female genital surgeries increase in popularity and visibility. This study asked women to discuss their subjective feelings about three related but distinct genital attitudes: pubic hair grooming, sex during menstruation, and genital/vaginal self-image. Specifically, this study applied thematic analysis to qualitative interviews with a community sample of 20 women (mean age=34, SD=13.35) from diverse ages, races, and sexual identity backgrounds to illuminate seven themes in women's narratives about their vaginas: (1) "dirty" or "gross"; (2) needing maintenance; (3) unknown or frustrating; (4) unnatural; (5) comparative; (6) ambivalent; (7) affirmative. Overwhelmingly, women used strong emotional language when discussing their genitals, often evoking descriptions of anxiety, excess, and need for control. Fusions between sexuality and body image, and connections between "genital panics" and internalized racism, sexism, and homophobia, also appeared.

  5. 45 CFR 1232.15 - New construction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false New construction. 1232.15 Section 1232.15 Public... Accessibility § 1232.15 New construction. (a) Design, construction, and alteration. New facilities shall be designed and constructed to be readily accessible to and usable by handicapped persons. construction shall...

  6. “桥头堡”战略背景下的云南高校对外整体形象构建研究%Study on Universities' Overall Image Construction in Yunnan Based on"Gateway"Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹星

    2015-01-01

    全球化背景与细分化格局下的高等教育竞争既集中体现为办学水平和实力的竞争,同时也具化为品牌竞争和区域竞争。实施“桥头堡”战略既为云南高等教育的发展提供了难得机遇,也对云南高校如何自觉融入和促进“桥头堡”及“一带一路”建设提出了新的挑战和要求。云南高校目前整体品牌形象偏弱,对整体形象的构建和传播意识也不强,应转变观念、合理定位,发挥自身优势,同时加强多方合作交流,构建内外有别又有机统一的整体性形象,以增强自己的竞争力。%〔Abstract〕Competition of higher education centrally embodies competition of educational level and strength under the background of globalization and the pattern of differentiation; meanwhile, it is also divided into brand and regional competition. Implementation of"Gateway"strategy provides not only a rare opportunity for the development of Yunnan higher education, but also new challenges and requirements of how to join and promote"Gateway"construction and the"One Belt and One Road"project consciously. At present, the overall brand image of universities in Yunnan is rather weak, and the awareness of constructing and broadcasting overall image is not strong enough. Thus, ideas should be changed, position should be fixed reasonably, advantages should be fully developed, multi-cooperation and exchange should be strengthened to build overall image of differentiation but organic unity to improve the competitive strength.

  7. Research on the Construction of Community Library Based on the Public Participation Perspective%基于公众参与视角的社区图书馆建设问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟萍

    2015-01-01

    社区图书馆本质上是为一定地域内的居民服务,具有公益性、全民性、多样性、教育性等特征的图书馆.社区图书馆在服务社区居民,培育社区文化,营造良好社会文化环境等方面具有重要战略意义.公众参与对于现代图书馆建设尤其是社区图书馆建设非常重要.文章在此基础上,分析社区图书馆建设的公众平台困境,并从公众参与的视角提出社区图书馆建设的优化路径,构建合作治理的社区图书馆模式.%Essentially, community library is to give service to the residents of certain region, which has the characteristics of being public good, social, diversity, and educational. It is of great signiifcance for community library to serve community members, cultivate community culture and create a good social and cultural environment, etc. It is one of the important ways and tools for community library to attract public participation in the modern library construction, especially the community library construction. Based on what have mentioned above, this paper figures out the real dilemma for the public platform of community library construction , puts forward the optimization way of community library construction and builds a new community library mode of cooperative governmence from the perspective of public participation, which makes the research has methodology value with both theoretical and practical reference.

  8. An Effective Method of Image Retrieval using Image Mining Techniques

    OpenAIRE

    Kannan, A.; Dr.V.Mohan; Dr.N.Anbazhagan

    2010-01-01

    The present research scholars are having keen interest in doing their research activities in the area of Data mining all over the world. Especially, [13]Mining Image data is the one of the essential features in this present scenario since image data plays vital role in every aspect of the system such as business for marketing, hospital for surgery, engineering for construction, Web for publication and so on. The other area in the Image mining system is the Content-Based Image Retrieval (CB...

  9. Sounds and images in the construction of the person Mbyà-Guaraní in South Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marília Raquel Albornoz Stein

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The mbyà-Guarani sound world is an important dimension of theirexistence as well as their children are, through their presence and their songs, which occupy a central place in the oguatá porã (Guarani sacred walk towards perfection. In this paper, I present ethnographic data on body processes and treatments as well as theories of visual and sound-performative practices that are part of the mbyà way of being / living. the paper is, based on an ethnomusicological research among mbyà groups in southern Brazil. From ethnographic descriptions an interpretation is built: a «cosmo-sonic» domain of ontology and epistemology of this Amerindian people, that is to say, that the construction of the mbyà person— and the construction of knowledge are closely linked with sound processes, as well as to imagery, kinetic and material performances, that strengthen the listening and the resonance of the being.

  10. Ethics in Public Administration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MSc. Arjeta Hallunovi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this study is to deal with some ethical causes in the public administration, that aim the avoidance of negative phenomenon’s as theft, corruption, etc. In this direction, the debates about ethics are becoming more and more a global tendency, as an implement through which would be found the way to get out of the crisis. The success in the reforms of the public administrations in major part depends, on the public functionaries and their willingness to make fundamental changes in the way they work. In this direction, the State should strengthen and modernize the public service, should realize an employment system, which should reflect more the merits on its service. For this reason, the government’s attempts should be concentrated on the construction of a positive image for the state and its administration as professional objective, which is oriented to the services. Being aware for the practical restrictions of this study, we firstly chose to concentrate on the local public administrations ethics. The study will be focused on the practical comparative analysis of the city of Shkodra and Durres by the realization of a questionnaire by each of these municipalities and the Agency of Legalization and Urbanization of Informal Zones (ALUIZNI in Shkodra.

  11. An Effective Method of Image Retrieval using Image Mining Techniques

    CERN Document Server

    Kannan, A; Anbazhagan, N; 10.5121/ijma.2010.2402

    2010-01-01

    The present research scholars are having keen interest in doing their research activities in the area of Data mining all over the world. Especially, [13]Mining Image data is the one of the essential features in this present scenario since image data plays vital role in every aspect of the system such as business for marketing, hospital for surgery, engineering for construction, Web for publication and so on. The other area in the Image mining system is the Content-Based Image Retrieval (CBIR) which performs retrieval based on the similarity defined in terms of extracted features with more objectiveness. The drawback in CBIR is the features of the query image alone are considered. Hence, a new technique called Image retrieval based on optimum clusters is proposed for improving user interaction with image retrieval systems by fully exploiting the similarity information. The index is created by describing the images according to their color characteristics, with compact feature vectors, that represent typical co...

  12. 试论中国古典舞舞台形象的当代建构%On Contemporary Construction of Theatrical Images of Chinese Classic Dance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张纯

    2011-01-01

    中国古典舞蹈以丰富鲜明的形象谱写着中华民族对生命、对时代的认识、看法和感受。而在中国古典舞舞台形象的当代建构中,在"中国古典舞"名义下,通过不同的认识角度和方法论,产生了多种多样的流派。它们在形态上的差异,在风格语汇上的侧重,都是通过舞台形象来呈现的。作品是舞种最鲜明的"言说",舞蹈形象是作品最鲜活生命力所在。因此本文以"舞台形象"作为切入点,回顾"身韵"的出现以及它对中国古典舞的舞台形象的影响,论述中国古典舞舞台形象在历时态的文化氛围中受到的影响,强调文化的变革性及其对中国古典舞舞台形象建构的影响。%Chinese classic dance with its distinctive and splendid images conveys the national understanding,feelings and attitudes towards the meaning of life and times.In the contemporary construction of theatrical images of Chinese classic dance emerge a variety of schools in the name of "Chinese classic dance" with different perspectives and methods.Their different emphasis on form,style and language is achieved by distinctive dance images and works on stage.This paper reviews the advent and influence of "shenyun" on dance images in the development of Chinese classic dance with the point of "images" on the stage,emphasizing that changes of culture in different historical periods have great effect on construction of theatrical image of Chinese classic dance.

  13. Ouachita Parish Public Library, Final Performance Report for Library Services and Construction Act (LSCA) Title VI, Library Literacy Program, 1992-1993.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camp, Gloria S.

    The Ouachita Parish Public Library (Louisiana) conducted a project that involved recruitment, coalition building, public awareness, training, basic literacy, collection development, tutoring, technology, and English as a Second Language (ESL) programs. The project served a community of over 200,000 people, and targeted the learning disabled,…

  14. 公益宣传海报在互联网传播中的思维建构%Public welfare propaganda posters in the Internet dissemination of thinking construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张文悦

    2013-01-01

      本文从认知角度对语言在互联网传播中的构建进行了研究。心理空间和思维整合对静态广告的动态构建具有很强的解释意义。本文在概念整合理论的指导下分析了公益广告海报的互联网在线思维建构过程。%This paper studies the language constructs in Internet communication from the cognitive perspective.Construction has strong explanatory significance of dynamic psychological space and Thinking on the integration of static advertising.In this paper,the conceptual integration theory under the guidance of online public service advertising posters of the construction process of thinking.

  15. 新农村建设背景下农村公共服务供给机制重塑%Remodeling of Rural Public Service Supply Mechanism under the Background of New Village Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁梅

    2011-01-01

    在新农村建设背景下,论述了农村公共服务供给机制重塑的必要性,其有利于提升政府公共服务能力,满足广大农民需求;有利于构建农村多元化公共服务体系,提高农村公共服务供给效率;有利于实现城乡公共服务均等化,统筹城乡发展.分析了我国农村公共服务供给中存在的问题:农村公共服务需求量庞大,政府财政支出不足;社会组织发育不健全,公共服务能力薄弱;城乡差异较大,公共服务供给非均等化;农村公共公共服务体系单一,功能不够完善;农村公共服务市场化程度较低,效率有待提升.针对这些问题,提出了农村公共服务供给机制重塑的策略:加大政府投入力度,扩大公共服务的覆盖面;积极支持社会组织成长发育,提升其公共服务能力;打破二元体制,实现城乡公共服务的均等化;健全农村多元化公共服务体系,完善其公共服务功能;推进农村公共服务市场化进程,提高公共服务供给效率.%Under the background of new village construction, the necessity of remodeling the supply mechanism of rural public service is ex pounded. It is conducive to improving the capability of public service to satisfy farmers' demand; to constructing a rural diversified public service system and improving the supply efficiency of rural public goods; to realizing the equalization of urban-rural public services to coordinate urban rural development. Problems in the supply of Chinese rural public services are analyzed: the demand of rural public goods is enormous, govern mental fiscal expenditure is insufficient; social organization is imperfect and public service capability is weak; urban-rural gap is large and the supply of pubic service is unequal; the system of rural public service is single and the functions are imperfect; the market degree of rural public service is low and the efficiency needs improving. In view of these problems, the

  16. Social problems and public image of the housing estates of 1960's in Spain. An analysis of cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariá José Piñeira-Mantiñan

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The decade of the 1960’s in Spain was characterized for period in which there proliferated the construction of housing estates. Though these constructions in a beginning(principle were constructed in the periphery of the cities nowadays they form a part of the urban con-solidated nucleus. They are characterized for having a morfogía in opened apple and in ge-neral to receive groups with scanty buying power.

  17. Social problems and public image of the housing estates of 1960's in Spain. An analysis of cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Aldrey Vázquez

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The decade of the 1960’s in Spain was characterized for period in which there proliferatedthe construction of housing estates. Though these constructions in a beginning(principlewere constructed in the periphery of the cities nowadays they form a part of the urban consolidatednucleus. They are characterized for having a morfogía in opened apple and in generalto receive groups with scanty buying power.

  18. A Brief Discussion on Resource Management Mechanism of the Public Cultural Environment Construction%论公共文化环境建设的资源管理机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴宗友; 计永超

    2011-01-01

    Taking the project of the construction of the public cultural service system which receives financial support from Anhui Province as the example,this paper summarizes the practice and institutional experience of resources investment of the public cultural construction in our country,and indicates the existing problems in resources investment as well as administration of the public cultural construction,by reviewing and analyzing close-related literatures and combining the quantitative as well as qualitative methods and relying on plentiful questionnaire survey as well as field investigation. Problems include: lower effective financial investment, non-scientific institution of resource assurance,inadequate software input in public cultural service,constructive ambivalence at the resource management system of the pubic cultural service, and so on. Given those, this paper discusses how to construct a benign resource management system of the public culture, which includes, from the aspect of macro policy and system design on the one hand, creating a policy-support mode for the resource management of the public cultural construction, perfecting a human resources environment for public cultural construction, setting up an integration system for resources of public cultural environment construction, and implementing systems of the operation assessment and performance appraisal for public cultural service;on the other hand,from the aspect of micro strategy and countermeasure, scientifically determinating the focal points of resource assurance of public cultural construction at the current stage and clarifying the financial investment limitation of each level as well as output responsibility for their fundamental assurance, altering the investment way of public cultural finance, promoting the resource investment structure for public cultural environment construction,perfecting the way of funds management of the public cultural construction,and so forth.%通过对相关文

  19. 我国事业单位激励机制的构建策略探析%On Strategy Construction of Incentive Mechanism of the Public Institution in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴艳利

    2014-01-01

    事业单位作为具有公益性的社会服务机构,为我国的现代化发展发挥了重要的推动作用。而在计划经济所带来的长期影响下,事业单位在人力资源管理方面所取得的进展相对缓慢,特别是在人才激励方面的理论研究与实践都相对缺乏。本文以提高我国事业单位人才激励工作有效性为出发点,从激励机制的构建理念、薪酬福利机制的构建以及沟通激励机制和激励技巧的丰富等方面对我国事业单位激励机制的构建策略做出了研究与探讨。%As the social service agency with public welfare, the public institution plays an important role in China's modern development. While under the long-term influence of planned economy, the progress in human resources management that the public institution has made is relatively slow, especially the theoretical research and practice in talent motivation are relatively badly off. Taking the improvement of talent motivation effectiveness of public institution in China as a starting point, this paper has made the research and discussion on strategy construction of incentive mechanism of public institution in China from the construction concept of incentive mechanism, the construction of salary and welfare mechanism, and the enrichment of communication incentive mechanism and motivation skills.

  20. Voxel-based model construction from colored tomographic images; Construcao de simuladores baseados em elementos de volume a partir de imagens tomograficas coloridas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loureiro, Eduardo Cesar de Miranda

    2002-07-01

    This work presents a new approach in the construction of voxel-based phantoms that was implemented to simplify the segmentation process of organs and tissues reducing the time used in this procedure. The segmentation process is performed by painting tomographic images and attributing a different color for each organ or tissue. A voxel-based head and neck phantom was built using this new approach. The way as the data are stored allows an increasing in the performance of the radiation transport code. The program that calculates the radiation transport also works with image files. This capability allows image reconstruction showing isodose areas, under several points of view, increasing the information to the user. Virtual X-ray photographs can also be obtained allowing that studies could be accomplished looking for the radiographic techniques optimization assessing, at the same time, the doses in organs and tissues. The accuracy of the program here presented, called MCvoxEL, that implements this new approach, was tested by comparison to results from two modern and well-supported Monte Carlo codes. Dose conversion factors for parallel X-ray exposure were also calculated. (author)

  1. The design and construction of a high-resolution velocity-map imaging apparatus for photoelectron spectroscopy studies of size-selected clusters

    Science.gov (United States)

    León, Iker; Yang, Zheng; Liu, Hong-Tao; Wang, Lai-Sheng

    2014-08-01

    A new velocity-map imaging apparatus equipped with a laser-vaporization supersonic cluster source and a time-of-flight mass spectrometer is described for high-resolution photoelectron spectroscopy studies of size-selected cluster anions. Vibrationally cold anion clusters are produced using a laser-vaporization supersonic cluster source, size-selected by a time-of-flight mass spectrometer, and then focused co-linearly into the interaction zone of the high-resolution velocity-map imaging (VMI) system. The multilens VMI system is optimized via systematic simulations and can reach a resolution of 1.2 cm-1 (FWHM) for near threshold electrons while maintaining photoelectron kinetic energy resolutions (ΔKE/KE) of ˜0.53% for higher energy electrons. The new VMI lens has superior focusing power over a large energy range, yielding highly circular images with distortions no larger than 1.0025 between the long and short radii. The detailed design, simulation, construction, testing, and performance of the high-resolution VMI apparatus are presented.

  2. The design and construction of a high-resolution velocity-map imaging apparatus for photoelectron spectroscopy studies of size-selected clusters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    León, Iker; Yang, Zheng; Liu, Hong-Tao; Wang, Lai-Sheng, E-mail: Lai-Sheng-Wang@brown.edu [Department of Chemistry, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912 (United States)

    2014-08-15

    A new velocity-map imaging apparatus equipped with a laser-vaporization supersonic cluster source and a time-of-flight mass spectrometer is described for high-resolution photoelectron spectroscopy studies of size-selected cluster anions. Vibrationally cold anion clusters are produced using a laser-vaporization supersonic cluster source, size-selected by a time-of-flight mass spectrometer, and then focused co-linearly into the interaction zone of the high-resolution velocity-map imaging (VMI) system. The multilens VMI system is optimized via systematic simulations and can reach a resolution of 1.2 cm{sup −1} (FWHM) for near threshold electrons while maintaining photoelectron kinetic energy resolutions (ΔKE/KE) of ∼0.53% for higher energy electrons. The new VMI lens has superior focusing power over a large energy range, yielding highly circular images with distortions no larger than 1.0025 between the long and short radii. The detailed design, simulation, construction, testing, and performance of the high-resolution VMI apparatus are presented.

  3. Construction of a supercritical fluid extraction (SFE equipment: validation using annatto and fennel and extract analysis by thin layer chromatography coupled to image

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Júlio Cezar Flores JOHNER

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The present work describes setting up a laboratory unit for supercritical fluid extraction. In addition to its construction, a survey of cost was done to compare the cost of the homemade unit with that of commercial units. The equipment was validated using an extraction of annatto seeds’ oil, and the extraction and fractionation of fennel oil were used to validate the two separators; for both systems, the solvent was carbon dioxide. The chemical profiles of annatto and fennel extracts were assessed using thin layer chromatography; the images of the chromatographic plates were processed using the free ImageJ software. The cost survey showed that the homemade equipment has a very low cost (~US$ 16,000 compared to commercial equipment. The extraction curves of annatto were similar to those obtained in the literature (yield of 3.8% oil. The separators were validated, producing both a 2.5% fraction of fennel seed extract rich in essential oils and another extract fraction composed mainly of oleoresins. The ImageJ software proved to be a low-cost tool for obtaining an initial evaluation of the chemical profile of the extracts.

  4. Analisis Framing dalam Riset Public Relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NARAYANA MAHENDRA PRASTYA

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to give description about how to use frame analysis in Public Relations (PR research. The author use two framing models: Entman and Pan & Kosicki. The object is organization official statement about particular issue. Frame analysis method rarely used in Public Relations research. This methods commonly use in journalism study, to analyse the news in media. Meanwhile, the key word of framing is the social construction of reality. Organization can make social construction of realty in their official statement. In acacemic term, frame analysis in PR research is useful to know how organization positioned themselves in particular situation. Other benefit is use to evaluat whether the organization frame is conformable with the public opinion or agenda setting media or not. In practical term, frame analysis give benefit for PR practitioner to create the message that can be undserstood by public, also give positive image for organization.

  5. [Tierra del Fuego: the scientific-political construction of exclusion and counter-image of the ideal city dweller].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nacach, Gabriela

    2012-01-01

    Due to its late incorporation into the national State, the social, economic and political setting of the Argentine province Tierra del Fuego differed from that of the rest of the national territory. In the construction of dependent otherness, objectifications and representations were imposed by state-related and non-state-related institutions, among other agencies. In this context, the Salesian mission of La Candelaria and Ushuaia's Jail for recidivists stand out as spaces in which biopolitics was concretised. The native population and criminals in Tierra del Fuego were those to be subjugated. The thesis of the extinction of the Indian and the simultaneous exaltation of the criminal as the subject of progress identified the scientific and political mechanisms by which the exclusion of certain social groups (Tierra del Fuego's indigenous population) and the inclusion of others (criminals) were regulated.

  6. Employment and winter construction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ernst Jan de Place; Larsen, Jacob Norvig

    2011-01-01

    possibilities exist for reducing seasonal variation in employment? In addition to a literature review related to winter construction, European and national employment and meteorological data were studied. Finally, ministerial acts, ministerial orders or other public policy documents related to winter...

  7. 我国传媒公共领域的建构历程及实现途径%On the Construction History and Implementation Ways of the Media’s Public Sphere in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余玉

    2014-01-01

    With the media market maturing increasingly,the media has gradually become a plat-form for the public discussion and providing information,and become an important force in construc-ting public sphere in China.From the relationship between the mass media and the public sphere,this paper combs the difficult course and discusses preliminarily the practical path of constructing the media public sphere in China,combined with China’s media development history and practice.%随着传媒市场的日益成熟,媒体逐渐成为公共讨论和提供信息的平台,并日益成为建构我国公共领域的重要力量。本文从大众传媒与公共领域的关系入手,结合我国传媒发展历史和实践,梳理我国传媒建构公共领域的艰难历程,并就我国传媒公共领域建构的现实路径进行初浅探讨。

  8. 试论面向基层公共图书馆服务体系的构建%Discoursing on Facing the Basic-level Public Library Service System Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘姝旭

    2012-01-01

    Public library service system is an important part of the public cultural construction, is an important channel for the protection of cultural rights and interests of citizens, basis-level library is the cornerstone of building a system of public library services. This thesis takes the practice and effectiveness of the basic-level library construction to the Changchun area for example, to explore how to build a public library service system has the characteristics of this region, and ponders deeply its sustainable development.%公共图书馆服务体系建设是公共文化建设的重要组成部分,是保障公民文化权益的重要渠道,基层图书馆是构建公共图书馆服务体系的基石。以长春地区基层图书馆建设的实践与成效为例,探讨如何建设具有本地区特色的公共图书馆服务体系,并对其今后可持续发展提出思考。

  9. "Public Cultural Services Croging into the Community" Promoting the Construction of the Library Service System%“公共文化服务进社区”推动图书馆服务体系建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘忠平

    2012-01-01

    Hengyang takes creating the "National Public Cultural Service System Demonstration Project" of "Public Cultural Services Going into the Community" as an opportunity, strengthens the primary-level library (room) establishment through building the four-stage service system of public libraries, overall improving in the library-running condition of the central library, exploring the idea of the construction of the library (room), promoting digital information services, and so on, in order to actively construct the public library service system in city areas.%衡阳市以创建“国家公共文化服务体系示范项目”——“公共文化服务进社区”为契机,通过建设城区公共图书馆四级服务体系、全面改善中心图书馆办馆条件、开拓图书馆(室)建设思路、推动数字信息服务等方式,大力加强基层图书馆(室)建设,积极构建城区公共图书馆服务体系。

  10. 刘三姐形象的符号化建构%On Image Symbolizing Construction of Liu Sanjie

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任旭彬

    2011-01-01

    The communication media and mode transmission of Liu Sanjie's image have changed in three stages so that the range of spreading and accepting Liu Sanjie's image has been widened constantly.As an artistic symbol,the state symbol of Liu Sanjie has been evol%在不同的历史条件下,刘三姐文化的传播媒介与传播方式出现了三个阶段的变化,刘三姐形象传播与接受的时空范围不断被拓展。作为艺术符号的刘三姐形象的物态符号发生了由神祗偶像到明星符号再到象征符号的演变,符号所指发生了由神巫到政治符号及消费符号的嬗变。刘三姐形象相应地发生了从歌仙到平民英雄到世俗歌者的演变。建国后刘三姐文化被纳入国家话语,成为政治文化的表征并成为壮族文化的象征,刘三姐形象的重构要返魅其应有的神圣性。

  11. 山东省体育公共服务管理体系现状与建立%Current situation and construction of Shandong management system of public sports service

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周君华

    2012-01-01

    Management system in public sports service is the basis of implementing public sportsservice and also the important means of advancing the quality of public sports service. A powerful and Stable management system can ensure awell - developed public sports service. Through an investigation of the current situation of public sports service management system in Shandong Province, this paper tries to analyze the problems existing in it and come up with the ways of constructing the management system of public sports service.%体育公共服务管理体系是实施体育公共服务的前提,是提高体育公共服务质量的重要手段,良好的体育公共服务需要有一个强劲稳固的管理系统作为保障。通过对山东省体育公共服务管理体系现状的调查,分析存在的问题,探索体育公共服务管理体系建设的途径。

  12. Research on Formation Mechanism and Construction Mechanism of Regional Public Brands of Tea in China%我国茶叶区域公用品牌形成机理与建设机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    成党伟

    2016-01-01

    This paper started from the content and features of the regional public brand of tea, studied the mechanism of for-mation and construction of the regional public brands of tea, made relevant recommendations for tea brand building, in order to promote building and development of regional public tea brand.%从茶叶区域公用品牌的内涵和特征入手,研究了茶叶区域公用品牌形成的机理和建设机制问题,提出了茶叶区域公用品牌建设的相关建议,以促进茶叶区域公用品牌的建设和发展。

  13. The construction and legitimation of workplace bullying in the public sector: insight into power dynamics and organisational failures in health and social care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutchinson, Marie; Jackson, Debra

    2015-03-01

    Health-care and public sector institutions are high-risk settings for workplace bullying. Despite growing acknowledgement of the scale and consequence of this pervasive problem, there has been little critical examination of the institutional power dynamics that enable bullying. In the aftermath of large-scale failures in care standards in public sector healthcare institutions, which were characterised by managerial bullying, attention to the nexus between bullying, power and institutional failures is warranted. In this study, employing Foucault's framework of power, we illuminate bullying as a feature of structures of power and knowledge in public sector institutions. Our analysis draws upon the experiences of a large sample (n = 3345) of workers in Australian public sector agencies - the type with which most nurses in the public setting will be familiar. In foregrounding these power dynamics, we provide further insight into how cultures that are antithetical to institutional missions can arise and seek to broaden the debate on the dynamics of care failures within public sector institutions. Understanding the practices of power in public sector institutions, particularly in the context of ongoing reform, has important implications for nursing.

  14. Construction of a two-parameter empirical model of left ventricle wall motion using cardiac tagged magnetic resonance imaging data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shi Jack J

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A one-parameter model was previously proposed to characterize the short axis motion of the LV wall at the mid-ventricle level. The single parameter of this model was associated with the radial contraction of myocardium, but more comprehensive model was needed to account for the rotation at the apex and base levels. The current study developed such model and demonstrated its merits and limitations with examples. Materials and methods The hearts of five healthy individuals were visualized using cardiac tagged magnetic resonance imaging (tMRI covering the contraction and relaxation phases. Based on the characteristics of the overall dynamics of the LV wall, its motion was represented by a combination of two components - radial and rotational. Each component was represented by a transformation matrix with a time-dependent variable α or β. Image preprocessing step and model fitting algorithm were described and applied to estimate the temporal profiles of α and β within a cardiac cycle at the apex, mid-ventricle and base levels. During this process, the tagged lines of the acquired images served as landmark reference for comparing against the model prediction of the motion. Qualitative and quantitative analyses were performed for testing the performance of the model and thus its validation. Results The α and β estimates exhibited similarities in values and temporal trends once they were scaled by the radius of the epicardium (repiand plotted against the time scaled by the period of the cardiac cycle (Tcardiac of each heart measured during the data acquisition. α/repi peaked at about Δt/Tcardiac=0.4 and with values 0.34, 0.4 and 0.3 for the apex, mid-ventricle and base level, respectively. β/repi similarly maximized in amplitude at about Δt/Tcardiac=0.4, but read 0.2 for the apex and - 0.08 for the base level. The difference indicated that the apex twisted more than the base. Conclusion It is feasible to empirically model

  15. Proof Image

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kidron, Ivy; Dreyfus, Tommy

    2014-01-01

    The emergence of a proof image is often an important stage in a learner's construction of a proof. In this paper, we introduce, characterize, and exemplify the notion of proof image. We also investigate how proof images emerge. Our approach starts from the learner's efforts to construct a justification without (or before) attempting any…

  16. Entrance surface dose and image quality: comparison of adult chest and abdominal X-ray examinations in general practitioner clinics, public and private hospitals in Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hambali, Ahmad Shariff; Ng, Kwan-Hoong; Abdullah, Basri Johan Jeet; Wang, Hwee-Beng; Jamal, Noriah; Spelic, David C; Suleiman, Orhan H

    2009-01-01

    This study was undertaken to compare the entrance surface dose (ESD) and image quality of adult chest and abdominal X-ray examinations conducted at general practitioner (GP) clinics, and public and private hospitals in Malaysia. The surveyed facilities were randomly selected within a given category (28 GP clinics, 20 public hospitals and 15 private hospitals). Only departmental X-ray units were involved in the survey. Chest examinations were done at all facilities, while only hospitals performed abdominal examinations. This study used the x-ray attenuation phantoms and protocols developed for the Nationwide Evaluation of X-ray Trends (NEXT) survey program in the United States. The ESD was calculated from measurements of exposure and clinical geometry. An image quality test tool was used to evaluate the low-contrast detectability and high-contrast detail performance under typical clinical conditions. The median ESD value for the adult chest X-ray examination was the highest (0.25 mGy) at GP clinics, followed by private hospitals (0.22 mGy) and public hospitals (0.17 mGy). The median ESD for the adult abdominal X-ray examination at public hospitals (3.35 mGy) was higher than that for private hospitals (2.81 mGy). Results of image quality assessment for the chest X-ray examination show that all facility types have a similar median spatial resolution and low-contrast detectability. For the abdominal X-ray examination, public hospitals have a similar median spatial resolution but larger low-contrast detectability compared with private hospitals. The results of this survey clearly show that there is room for further improvement in performing chest and abdominal X-ray examinations in Malaysia.

  17. Presidential address: self-image and compassionate goals and construction of the social self: implications for social and personality psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crocker, Jennifer

    2011-11-01

    Interpersonal dynamics of self-esteem are explored. The author proposes that the desire to be seen as having positive qualities and avoid being seen as having dreaded qualities paradoxically leads to lowered self-esteem and lowered regard from others through its adverse effects on interpersonal relationships. The author also argues that the human capacity to transcend concerns with the images others hold of oneself, through caring about the well-being of other people, paradoxically leads to higher self-esteem and regard from others through its salutary effects on relationships. Data from two recent studies demonstrate these paradoxical effects and prompt questions about the nature of persons and situations, research methods, and the union between personality and social psychology. Accordingly, the author reflects more broadly on how people create their social situations, which in turn create the self, and what that means about the methods scholars use to understand social behavior.

  18. 浅谈新时期公共图书馆在山西文化强省建设中的作用%On the Function of Public Library to the Construction of Shanxi Cultural Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李美英

    2011-01-01

    实施文化强省战略,建设文化强省将成为山西"十二五"时期的一个奋斗目标。公共图书馆由于其独特的历史地位,在文化强省建设中有着举足轻重的作用,是文化强省建设的重要组成部分和不可或缺的部门。公共图书馆的基本职能就是利用馆藏信息资源为社会、公众提供服务。在实施文化强省战略中,要充分发挥图书馆信息资源与文化资源的优势和作用,为实现文化强省建设提供有力的精神动力和智力支持。%The implementation of the strategy of cultural province,constructing a strong cultural province will be the objective for Shanxi during the period of "The 12th Five-year Program".Because of its unique historical position,public library plays an important role in the construction of cultural province.It is one of the most important and indispensable parts of the construction.The basic function of public library is to provide service for the society and the public by using the collection of information resources.During the implementation of the strategy of cultural province,we should make full use of the advantages and functions of the information resources and cultural resources of the library,and provide spiritual motivation and intellectual support for the realization of constructing a strong cultural province.

  19. An unusual case of thoracic ectopia cordis in a Toggenburg Goat and its three-dimensional images constructed with X-ray computed tomography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Jyh-Mirn; Wu, Jui-Te; Yang, Wei-Cheng; Chao, Ming-Hsin; Nagahata, Hajime

    2016-05-01

    A two-day-old female Toggenburg goat with thoracic ectopia cordis (EC) was diagnosed via radiography and computed tomography. The goat was born with EC, defects of the sternum and a supra-umbilical abdominal wall, but without the presence of Cantrell's syndrome. Necropsy and histopathological findings indicated the affected kid had malformation of the heart with an enlarged left ventricle. The findings showed the heart (9 x 5 x 5 cm) stayed outside the thorax, and was covered by a semitransparent membrane. This report is the first to describe a case of thoracic EC in a goat whose sternum was not developed fully and was not connected to the ribs. It is also the first paper to describe three-dimensional images of this condition constructed from computed tomography scans.

  20. Design, construction, and demonstration of a neutron beamline and a neutron imaging facility at a Mark-I TRIGA reactor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craft, Aaron E.

    The fleet of research and training reactors is aging, and no new research reactors are planned in the United States. Thus, there is a need to expand the capabilities of existing reactors to meet users' needs. While many research reactors have beam port facilities, the original design of the United States Geological Survey TRIGA Reactor (GSTR) did not include beam ports. The MInes NEutron Radiography (MINER) facility developed by this thesis and installed at the GSTR provides new capabilities for both researchers and students at the Colorado School of Mines. The facility consists of a number of components, including a neutron beamline and beamstop, an optical table, an experimental enclosure and associated interlocks, a computer control system, a multi-channel plate imaging detector, and the associated electronics. The neutron beam source location, determined through Monte Carlo modeling, provides the best mixture of high neutron flux, high thermal neutron content, and low gamma radiation content. A Monte Carlo n-Particle (MCNP) model of the neutron beam provides researchers with a tool for designing experiments before placing objects in the neutron beam. Experimental multi-foil activation results, compared to calculated multi-foil activation results, verify the model. The MCNP model predicts a neutron beamline flux of 2.2*106 +/- 6.4*105 n/cm2-s based on a source particle rate determined from the foil activation experiments when the reactor is operating at a power of 950 kWt with the beam shutter fully open. The average cadmium ratio of the beamline is 7.4, and the L/D of the neutron beam is approximately 200+/-10. Radiographs of a sensitivity indicator taken using both the digital detector and the transfer foil method provide one demonstration of the radiographic capabilities of the new facility. Calibration fuel pins manufactured using copper and stainless steel surrogate fuel pellets provide additional specimens for demonstration of the new facility and offer a

  1. Study on Accelerating the Construction of Public Cultural Service System---Taking Zibo City as An Example%加快推进公共文化服务体系建设研究--以淄博市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅红霞

    2013-01-01

    The construction of public cultural service system is an important mea-sure to benefit the people through the cultural activities. However, the public cultural service system in Zibo city in the process of construction in recent years has exposed some influential factors and problems to promote the work. These restrictive problems not only affect the beneficial culture work, also influence the construction of Zibo City eco-nomic and cultural pace. In order to effectively solve these restrictive problems, it is nec-essary to strengthen the system construction, establish and improve the investment mech-anism, as well as strengthening basic cultural facilities, and innovating the construction of talents team.%  公共文化服务体系建设是我们党和政府一直强调的实现文化惠民的重要举措。然而,淄博市公共文化服务体系在近几年的建设过程中日益暴露出一些影响工作推进的因素和问题,这些制约因素和问题不仅影响了文化惠民工作的进程,也影响了淄博市建设经济文化强市的步伐。为有效解决这些制约因素和问题,需要强化制度建设、建立健全投入机制、加强基层文化设施建设、创新人才队伍建设。

  2. Polyphenol-Inspired Facile Construction of Smart Assemblies for ATP- and pH-Responsive Tumor MR/Optical Imaging and Photothermal Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Xiao-Rong; Li, Shi-Hua; Dai, Jiayong; Song, Liang; Huang, Guoming; Lin, Ruhui; Li, Juan; Liu, Gang; Yang, Huang-Hao

    2017-05-01

    Smart assemblies have attracted increased interest in various areas, especially in developing novel stimuli-responsive theranostics. Herein, commercially available, natural tannic acid (TA) and iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe3 O4 NPs) are utilized as models to construct smart magnetic assemblies based on polyphenol-inspired NPs-phenolic self-assembly between NPs and TA. Interestingly, the magnetic assemblies can be specially disassembled by adenosine triphosphate, which shows a stronger affinity to Fe3 O4 NPs than that of TA and partly replaces the surface coordinated TA. The disassembly can further be facilitated by the acidic environment hence causing the remarkable change of the transverse relaxivity and potent "turn-on" of fluorescence (FL) signals. Therefore, the assemblies for specific and sensitive tumor magnetic resonance and FL dual-modal imaging and photothermal therapy after intravenous injection of the assemblies are successfully employed. This work not only provides understandings on the self-assembly between NPs and polyphenols, but also will open new insights for facilely constructing versatile assemblies and extending their biomedical applications. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  3. 论我国公益诉讼制度的构建%On the Construction of Public Interest Litigation System in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于立刚; 李司杰

    2011-01-01

    Public interest litigation came from Roman law, grew up in the capitalist countries, and matured in the United States and UK. Public interest litigation has played an important role in protecting the public interest, curbing the abuse of executive power, preventing unfair competition, and protecting the disadvantaged groups. Since the implementation of China's socialist market economy, the Constitution gradually decentralized some of its rights to private interest. Then the private interest infringed can be relieved through the way of litigation, while there is no litigation to help relieve infringed public interest, which results in huge losses of public interest. Therefore, the establishment of China's public interest litigation system to maintain the inviolability of public interest and realize the constitutional rights of citizens has become an urgent matter.%公益诉讼肇始于古罗马法,发展于资本主义国家,成熟于英美等国。公益诉讼在保护公共利益,抑制行政权力滥用,防止不正当竞争,保护弱小群体等方面发挥了重要的作用。我国自实行社会主义市场经济以来,宪法逐步放权于私益,私益受到侵害可以通过诉讼方式予以救济,而公益受到侵害则无诉讼方式予以救济,造成公共利益的巨大损失。因此,建立我国的公益诉讼制度,维护公共利益不受侵犯,实现宪法规定的公民权利就成为急切之事。

  4. Definition and Standardization Construction of the Public Security Law Enforcement Behavior%论公安执法行为之界定与规范化建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾方舟

    2016-01-01

    完善执法权力运行机制作为公安改革的七大任务之一,在基层公安工作中占据执牛耳之地位。但是实践中对公安执法行为的界定并不清晰,尤其是个人行为和公务行为、行政管理行为和刑事侦查行为的区分争议较大。通过系统的规范化建设,公安执法行为必将立足于真正的人权保障与社会正义。%We will improve the mechanism of law enforcement power operation as one of the seven tasks of public security re-form,ranking of the best player in the grass-roots public security work. But the practice of public security law enforcement ac-tion definition is not clear. Especially the distinction between the individual behavior and public behavior and the one between the administrative behavior and criminal investigation behavior are controversial. Through the standardization of the system con-struction,the public security law enforcement activities will be based on the real human rights and social justice.

  5. Construction of the Information Service System of Public Library for the Old Vulnerable Group%公共图书馆面向老年弱势群体信息服务体系的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘巍; 陈晓波

    2012-01-01

    采用网络调查和实地调查相结合的方法,考察了山东省、青岛市的部分公共文化服务设施包括公共图书馆、文化共享工程等的情况。通过检索国外公共图书馆为老年弱势群体服务的现状、存在的问题及发展趋势,明确了我国公共图书馆为老年弱势群体服务的重要性和紧迫性。为充分体现图书馆的公益性原则,提出应因地制宜地构建公共图书馆老年弱势群体均等化信息服务体系,更好地保障老年弱势群体获取知识的权利。%To promote the publie library service for the old vulnerable group, the methods of websurvey and field investigation were employed to investigate construction status of cultural service facilities, including public library and cultural sharing engineering in Shandong province and Qingdao City. The importance and urgency of public library service for the old vulnerable group were ascertained by analyzing the present situation, the existing problems and development tendency of global public library service for the old vulnerable group. To fully reflect public welfare of library, the equalization of the public service system should be constructed according to local conditions ,which can be better protect the fight to obtain knowledge of the old vulnerable group.

  6. Divine Doctors: The Construction of the Image of Three Greek Physicians in Islamic Biographical Dictionaries of Physicians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbou Hershkovits, Keren

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the way authors of three medieval Islamic biographical dictionaries portrayed the lives, behavior and characteristics of three key figures of Greco-Roman medicine, Asclepius, Hippocrates and Galen. Particular attention was given to the vocabulary and phrasing used in the biographies, and associations with other literary genres or figures. An analysis of these biographies demonstrates a significant resemblance between the portrayal of these Greco-Roman physicians and the lives of prophetic figures in Islam, and especially that of the Prophet Muḥammad. In addition, these biographies align with features attributed to pious Muslims. This study demonstrates that Muslim biographers constructed these biographies as part of a general tendency to associate medicine with Islam, and the origins of medical knowledge with prophetic wisdom. This study mantains that the connotations and use of this particular terminology allows for a positive view of the science of medicine in these Islamic compositions in which they were included.Este artículo analiza la manera en que los autores de tres diccionarios biográficos islámicos medievales retrataron la vida y características de las tres figuras más destacadas de la medicina greco-romana: Asclepio, Hipócrates y Galeno. Se presta especial atención al vocabulario y al estilo empleado en las biografías, así como a su relación con otros géneros literarios o figuras. El análisis de estas biografías revela un considerable parecido entre el retrato de estos tres médicos greco-romanos y la vida de algunos profetas en el Islam, especialmente la del Profeta Muḥammad. Asimismo, estas biografías presentan elementos atribuidos a musulmanes piadosos. Este estudio demuestra que los biógrafos musulmanes construyeron esas biografías como parte de una tendencia general a asociar la medicina con el Islam y los orígenes del saber médico con la sabiduría profética. Igualmente, sostiene que

  7. The Role of Public Interaction with the Juno Mission: Documentation, Discussion, Selection and Processing of JunoCam Images of Jovian Cloud Features

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orton, Glenn; Hansen, Candice; Momary, Thomas; Bolton, Scott

    2017-04-01

    Among the many "firsts" of the Juno mission is the open enlistment of the public in the operation of its visible camera, JunoCam. Although the scientific thrust of the Juno mission is largely focused on innovative approaches to understanding the structure and composition of Jupiter's interior, JunoCam was added to the payload largely to function in the role of education and public outreach (E/PO). For the first time, the public was able to engage in the discussion and choice of targets for a major NASA mission. The discussion about which features to image is enabled by a continuously updated map of Jupiter's cloud system while Jupiter is far enough from the sun to be observable by non-professional astronomers. Contributors range from very devoted astrophotographers to telescope and video 'hobbyists'. Juno therefore engages the world-wide amateur-astronomy community as a vast network of co-investigators, whose products stimulate conversation and global public awareness of Jupiter and Juno's investigative role. Contributed images also provide a temporal context to inform the Juno atmospheric investigation team of the state and evolution of the atmosphere. The contributed images are used to create s global map on a bi-weekly basis. These bi-weekly maps provide the focus for ongoing discussion about various planetary features over a long time frame. Approximately two weeks before Juno's closest approach to Jupiter on each orbit ("perijove" or PJ), starting in mid-November of 2016 in preparation for PJ3 on December 11, the atmospheric features that have been under discussion and available to JunoCam on that perijove were nominated for voting, and the public at large voted on where to point JunoCam's "elective" features. In addition, JunoCam provides the first close-up images of Jupiter's polar regions from a non-oblique viewpoint for the first time in over 40 years since the passage of Pioneer 11 over Jupiter's north pole. The Juno mission science team also provides

  8. China’s Sports Public Service System:the Pattern Choice and Mechanism Construction%中国公共体育服务体系:模式选择与机制建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李燕领; 王家宏; 蒋玉红

    2015-01-01

    公共体育服务体系建设是“十二五”时期中国全面建成小康社会的重大战略举措。研究认为:兼顾效率与公平的包容型公共体育服务模式是市场经济体制下中国公共体育服务发展的现实选择,其实质性内核主要包括“公共财政为主,社会资金参与”的公共体育服务支出模式,“广覆盖、适度水平、兼顾公平与效率”的公共体育服务消费模式和“政府主导、多元协同”的公共体育服务供给模式。公共体育服务体系机制建设需要效率机制、公平机制、监督机制、评价机制与问责机制协调运作,以保证公共体育服务的效率和公平,确保公共体育服务提供的稳定性、有效性和持续性。%Public Sports service system construction is a major strategic initiative of building a moderately prosperous society during“The 12th five - year - plan”period. The research believes that the inclusive public sports serv-ice pattern with both efficiency and equity is a realistic choice under market economy,with the substantive core including the “public finance - based,social funds - participated?”spending patterns ,the“wide coverage,a moderate level,both fair and efficient”public sports service consumption patterns and the “government - led, multi - collaborative”public sports service supply pattern. The mechanism construction for sports public service system needs an efficient mechanism,a fair mechanism,a supervision mechanism,an evaluation mechanism and an accountability mechanism to cooperate,to ensure efficiency and equity of public sports services,to en-sure the stability of public sports services,effectiveness and sustainability.

  9. 大数据与微时代:虚拟社会公共服务体系的双重建构%Big Data and Micro Age:Double Construction of Virtual Society Public Service System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶鹏

    2015-01-01

    大数据与微时代引发了虚拟社会的多重变革,新的服务理念和服务模式呼之欲出,虚拟社会公共服务的走向、模式、内涵正在发生深刻变化。但是受到推送途径、参与机制、数据基础、保障措施等因素的制约,虚拟社会公共服务的质量和效率相对有限,其体系面临着解构与重构。大数据与微时代是当前虚拟社会公共服务体系建构中不可或缺的重要因素,通过培育公共服务精神、推进虚拟社会公共服务均等化发展、强化多元参与主体间的良性互动、完善虚拟社会公共服务体系建构秩序等途径,科学、合理地对其加以运用,将会有效助推虚拟社会公众服务的不断创新和发展。%Big data and micro age trigger multiple reforms of virtual society,new service theory and service mode are ready to come out,and the trend,mode and connotation of virtual society public service are changing profoundly.Howev-er,due to the restriction of factors like pushing way,participation mechanism,data base,safeguard measures,the quali-ty and efficiency of virtual society public service are relatively limited,and virtual society public service system is faced with deconstruction and reconstruction.Big data and micro age are indispensable significant factors in the construction of current virtual society public service system,and can effectively propel the constant innovation and development of virtual society public service through educating public service spirits,promoting equalization of virtual society public service,in-tensifying the benign interaction of multivariate participants,perfecting construction order of virtual society public service system,and using scientifically and reasonably.

  10. The Construction of Anti - Corruption Culture of Public Library and Confucianism Ideology of Anti- Corruption%儒家廉政思想与公共图书馆廉政文化建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋小珍

    2012-01-01

    儒家廉政思想博大精深,具有现代价值,是公共图书馆廉政文化建设的宝贵精神财富。针对目前我国图书馆廉政文化的发展状况,公共图书馆应从提高对廉政文化的认识、完善廉政行为准则、加强廉政文化内外部环境建设、建立健全廉政文化建设的工作机制等四个方面展开探讨。%Confucianism anti- corruption ideology, which is broad and profound in meaning, has modem value and is the precious spiritual wealth to construction of anti - con'uption culture of public library. According to the present development of anti - corruption culture of public library, public library should improve the understanding of incor- ruptible political culture, perfect the standards of conduct, strengthen the construction of anti - corruption cultural environment inside and outside, establish and improve anti -corruption working mechanism.

  11. Research Progress and Construction Practice of Urban Elderly Public Service Facilities%国内城市老年公共服务设施建设研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈山; 胡庭浩; 栾阿诗

    2014-01-01

    在国内,以城市为尺度的老年公共服务设施建设研究仍处于起步阶段。在梳理我国城市老年公共服务设施的概念、相关国家标准的基础上,从城乡规划学以及人口学和社会学、地理学、建筑学、风景园林学视角对国内文献进行整理归纳,我国城市老年公共服务设施在概念、规划规范、建设内容、运营机制、配置理念研究上仍需探索。%In the domestic, the study on the construction of elderly public service facilities in urban-scale is still in its infancy. On the basis of carding the concept of urban elderly public service facilities, relevant codes and standards, this paper generalizes the domestic research from the aspects of urban and rural planning, demography and sociology, geography, architecture and landscape architecture. The research of urban elderly public service facilities still needs exploration and research on the aspects of concept, planning standards, construction contents, operation mechanism and conifguration ideas.

  12. Malware Memory Analysis for Non specialists: Investigating Publicly Available Memory Images for Prolaco and SpyEye

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    images, the author is of the opinion that these analyses are insufficient for use as a learning guide. Specifically, these analyses are either too...mentionné avoir effectué l’analyse de ces images mémoires publiques , l’auteur croit que ces analyses ne sont pas assez détaillées pour servir de guide

  13. 晚清小说对妻子形象的建构%The Novels’Construction about Wife’s Image of the Late Qing Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵华

    2013-01-01

    在救亡图存、强国善种的历史语境中,晚清小说对妻子的形象进行了多维度建构:雌伏的贤妻,雄飞的女英豪,甚至以国为夫的理想女性,成为时代话语。妻子形象的重塑,一开始就被赋予了重大历史使命,女性生命个体的独立被宏大救亡话语所吞噬而沦为民族国家的附属。但晚清小说对妻子形象的建构,从一定意义上来说,是妻子地位和角色不断凸显的过程,中国女性正是在这种个体价值被重新认识的历史契机中开始踏上艰难觉醒之路的。%In the historical context of saving the nation and power good,the novels of the Late Qing Dynasty constructed the wife’s images from the multi-dimensions:the ideal women such as retiring wifes,XiongFei female heroes and women re-garding country as their husbands became the era of discourse.Remodeling wife images was endowed with great historical mis-sion from the beginning.Women became the national’s subsidiaries because female personal independence was consumed by the great salvation discourse.But Chinese women began their difficult journey of awakening in the historical opportunity that their value was recognized again,because the construction about wife’image of the novels of the late Qing Dynasty was the process that female status and role was rising in a certain sense.This is the paradox of history.

  14. The process of communication in the network construction of public-private partnership%通信网络建设过程中的公私协力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵佳一

    2013-01-01

      Communications network as a closely related with people's lives have universal service of social undertakings,modern utilities in emerging industries. Given utilities have a natural monopoly,network performance and stability as well as investment and other aspects of sustainable features,public- private partnership in the way they operate emerged.Public-Private Partnership to help achieve the government's function transformation and institutional reforms,public-private partnership for public utilities to introduce much-needed private capital,public-private partnership model compared to the traditional way of management in a more efficient while reducing operating costs,improving public career itself,the introduction of public participation,safeguarding citizens'fundamental rights and interests of consumers. Needless to say,the emergence of private and public third-party utilities a big step forward in the democratic system of human society sublimation.%  通信网络作为一种与人们生活紧密相关的具有普遍服务性的社会事业,是现代公用事业的新兴产业。鉴于公用事业具有的自然垄断性、网络性以及投资持久和稳定性等方面的特征,公私协力的运营方式应运而生。公私协力有助于实现政府之职能转变和机构改革,公私协力可以为公用事业领域引入急需的民间资金,公私协力的管理模式相比传统方式在更具效率的同时降低了运作成本,在改善公用事业本身之外,引入了公众参与,维护了公民基本权利和消费者利益。毋庸置疑,公私协力的出现是公用事业的一大进步,是人类社会的民主制度的升华。

  15. SWOT Analysis and Countermeasures of the Construction for Public Library%公共图书馆建设的SWOT分析及其对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张聚涛; 窦淑庆

    2012-01-01

    利用SWOT分析方法对公共图书馆的优势因素、劣势因素、机遇因素和威胁因素进行了分析,从而得出了基于SWOT分析的公共图书馆的发展策略。%The paper uses SWOT analytic method to analyze the strengths,weaknesses, opportunities and threats of the public library and then conclude the development strategies of the public library.

  16. Research on construction of network public opinion under the new media environment%新媒体环境下舆情管控对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈海荣

    2016-01-01

    通过对我国自媒体现状的研究和网络舆情事件的思考与分析,针对目前存在的管控问题进行了探讨,对今后的舆情管控对策改革和实践提出了看法和建议。%Through the analysis and Reflection on current status of we media and network public opinion events, for the existing problems of management were discussed, the views and suggestions for the future reform and the practice of public opinion control countermeasures are put forward.

  17. The Contribution of Ethnobiology to the Construction of a Dialogue between Ways of Knowing: A Case Study in a Brazilian Public High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baptista, Geilsa Costa Santos; El-Hani, Charbel Nino

    2009-01-01

    This paper reports results obtained in pedagogical interventions in a Brazilian public high school which aimed at promoting a dialogue between scientific and traditional knowledge in the context of biology teaching. The interventions were based on the use of a didactic material and teaching sequence elaborated on the grounds of school knowledge…

  18. 公共图书馆未成年人阅读推广空间的构建%Juvenile Reading Space Extension Construction of Public Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张建荣

    2012-01-01

    公共图书馆未成年人阅读推广空间的构建是城市文明发展的需要,有利于激发未成年人对图书馆的自我认知、对文献信息资源的主动利用。本文对目前公共图书馆在未成年人阅读推广方面存在的问题进行了简要分析,并提出了构建未成年人阅读推广空间模型的概念,以弥补公共图书馆在开展未成年人阅读服务活动中的薄弱环节,延伸公共图书馆服务内涵、服务领域,创新服务模式。%The development of urban civilization needs public library to promote the juvenile reading space, which help to stimulate juveniles'selfperception of the library and use of information resources. In this paper, the author analyzes briefly the problems of current public library juvenile reading extension, and proposes to build a juvenile space mode to make up the weak links of the of public library juvenile reading extension service, to extend the public library service content, service area, and innovate service models.

  19. Hierarchical Deficiencies: Constructed Differences between Adolescent Boys and Girls in a Public School Single-Sex Program in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glasser, Howard M.

    2012-01-01

    Although middle school is a critical time in adolescents' development, little is known about how that development is affected by public single-sex classes even though recent federal policy decisions have led more schools to provide these offerings. This case study used ethnographic methods to explore ways teachers, students, and courses in one…

  20. 城市公共空间与城市规划体系的构建%Constructing the City Public Space and City Planning System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纪晨; 李珍琪

    2013-01-01

    近年来,由于城市公共空间问题而引发各类冲突事件频频发生,需要我们重新认识和实践城市公共空间规划的作用和意义。本文通过对城市公共空间与城市规划体系的分析,明确如何科学地建立以人民为中心的城市公共空间规划,为创建和谐社会及城市发展更新创造条件。%In recent years, the various conflicts triggered by city public space problems frequently, we need to know and practice the role and significance of city public space planning. This paper through the analysis of city public space and city p-lanning system, pinpoints how to scientifical y establish the ci-ty public space planning taking the people as the center, to cre-ate development and update conditions for the creation of a ha-rmonious society and city.

  1. On the Institutional Construction of China's Administrative Public Prosecution%论我国行政公诉的制度建构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨桦

    2012-01-01

    Administrative public prosecution refers to administrative lawsuits filed by procuratorial organs. To es- tablish administrative public persecution system is not only one of the effective ways to supervise the legality of administrative acts and to protect public interest but also an objective need for the improvement of current admin- istrative 1~ system to roceedings. It is of great significance for the establishment of China's administrative public persecution specify procuratorial organ's qualification for filing administrative proceedings, define scope of accep- ting cases, and formulate legal proceedings.%行政公诉是由检察机关提起的行政诉讼,建立行政公诉制度既是监督行政机关依法行政、保护公共利益的有效途径之一,也是完善现行行政诉讼制度的客观需要。明确检察机关提起行政公诉的主体资格,界定检察机关提起行政公诉的范围,设立行政公诉的程序对于建构我国行政公诉制度具有重要意义。

  2. 45 CFR 84.23 - New construction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... with sections 3-8 of the Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards (UFSA) (appendix A to 41 CFR subpart... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false New construction. 84.23 Section 84.23 Public... construction. (a) Design and construction. Each facility or part of a facility constructed by, on behalf of,...

  3. 山东休闲体育旅游公共服务体系构建研究%Construction of public service system for leisure sports tourism in Shandong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢青; 颜秉峰

    2014-01-01

    With the methods of literature,field survey and comprehensive analysis,combined with new public management theory of tourism,the construction of a public service system for the leisure sports tourism in Shandong have been studied. It was believed that the main conditions for the sys-tem include national and provincial government policy support,Shandong major tourism resources and cultural characteristics of leisure sports tourism. And the basic framework is the construction of the service object and subject,service content and mode. To construct government policy support system and tourism resource planning system,give full play to Qingdao Olympic leisure sports tourism resources and reduce the vulnerability of leisure sports tourism are the sustainable develop-ment strategies for Shandong to achieve a leisure sports tourism public service system.%国家和省政府的政策支持,山东主要旅游资源及休闲体育旅游文化特色是实现构建休闲体育旅游公共服务体系的主要条件。构建休闲体育旅游公共服务体系的服务对象与主体、主要服务内容和模式是休闲体育旅游公共服务体系的基本框架。构建政府政策扶持体系和休闲体育旅游资源规划体系、实施青岛奥帆赛休闲体育旅游路线组织战略发展模式,降低休闲体育旅游脆弱性,是实现山东构建休闲体育旅游公共服务体系发展战略的主要路径。

  4. 公安院校计算机取证课程建设分析%Analysis on Course Construction of Computer Forensics in the Public Security Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹敏

    2016-01-01

    文章在分析了计算机取证现状和当前公安院校对信息网络安全监察专业迫切需求的基础上,提出了计算机取证课程建设方面的建议。主要从课程性质与定位、课程教学思路与建议以及以教学为基本职能的实验室建设展开讨论。%Based on the analysis of computer forensics status and urgent need for the network security supervision major in police academies, this paper puts forward construction suggestions for the course of computer forensics, discusses mainly on the aspects of nature and orientation, teaching ideas and suggestions, and the teaching lab construction.

  5. Malware Memory Analysis for Non-specialists: Investigating Publicly Available Memory Image 0zapftis (R2D2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    images, the author is of the opinion that these analyses are insufficient for use as a learning guide. Specifically, these analyses are either too...serviront de guide d’apprentissage. Bien que d’autres aient mentionné avoir effectué l’analyse de ces images mémoires publiques , l’auteur croit que ces...Specifically, in order to gain practical experience analysing memory images, the author is of the opinion that there is no substitute for applying keen

  6. The use of offensive public relations during a conflict: Hamas's efforts to damage Israel's image during the 2010 flotilla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomer Mozes-Sadeh

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Crisis communication models contain strategies to rehabilitate an organization's image, but do not deal with strategies used to damage the image of another player or competitor. Using qualitative content analysis of 178 items published by Palestinian Information Center (PIC, the Hamas's leading website, the purpose of this manuscript is to examine Hamas's efforts to run offensive PR and to harm Israel's image restoration efforts at the time of the flotilla crisis in May 2010. We discover that Hamas deployed a strategy that consisted of five elements: evidence of existence of the crisis event, damages, victims, performance history and undermining the competitor's response.

  7. Supply System Innovation of Community Public Goods of Farmland Water Conservancy Construction%农田水利建设视野的社区公共产品供给制度创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周洪文; 张应良

    2012-01-01

    What makes the current farmland water conservancy construction cannot meet the needs of the development of rural economy lies in the lack of fund and insufficient power, whereas the supply system innovation is the logical starting point to change this situation. Government-oriented is its responsibility, and the community participation needs to be mobilized. Mobilization mechanism of farmland water national and social mobilization mechanisms. The main contents conservancy construction are the cultivation of the principal body and we propose some suggestions to promote the effective supply of perspectives of constructing legal regulation, improving public finance conservancy construction should combine the of institution innovation for farmland water selection of the mobilization methods. Finally, public goods in rural community from the and establishing cooperative mechanism.%我国当前农田水利建设满足不了农业农村经济发展的制度根源在于资金匮乏和动力不足。改变这种状态的逻辑起点是进行供给制度创新。政府主导是其基本职责所在,社会参与则需要动员激励。农田水利建设动员机制应该是国家动员机制和社会动员机制的整合,动员主体的培育与动员方式的选择就成为农田水利建设制度创新的主要内容。应从建设法律规章、完善公共财政、建立合作机制三个方面着手。促进农村社区公共产品有效供给。

  8. Research on the Service Mode of Primary Level Libraries Through the Co-Construction of University Libraries and Public Libraries%中小城市校地共建基层图书馆服务模式探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨洁

    2012-01-01

    Presently the construction of primary level libraries is still in the infant stage, primary level libraries have many problems such as the imbalanced regional development, lack of resources, the single fund source, inadequate layout, the unstable team, and so on. The mode of primary level libraries of the co-construction of university libraries and public libraries is an innovative mode. In the construction of primary level libraries, university libraries and public libraries should promote the application and the development of network information resources, build the training base for librarians of primary level libraries, carry out volunteer activities, expand fund source channels, and construct the uniform acquisition center, in order to promote the development of primary level libraries continuously and stably.%目前,基层图书馆的建设仍处于起步阶段,存在区域发展不均衡、资源不足、资金来源单一、布局规划不合理、从业队伍不稳定等问题。高校图书馆和公共图书馆共建基层图书馆是图书馆服务模式的一种创新。在基层图书馆建设过程中,高校图书馆和公共图书馆应推进网络信息资源的开发和应用,创建基层图书馆管理员培训基地,开展大学生志愿者服务基层图书馆活动,拓展资金来源渠道,构建统一采购中心,以推进基层图书馆持续、稳定的发展。

  9. Workshop presentation: research guidelines for Construction Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Alvise Bragadin

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays the European economic system challenges the construction sector to take part to industrial recovery of western countries. In co-operation with the Construction Production research group of the Tampere University of of research about construction management tools and methods were detected. Research guidelines: 1 Construction management: tools and methods to manage construction projects 2 environmental impact of construction projects 3 construction management and safety 4 project procurement 5 construction management for major public works & complex projects

  10. The Research of the Construction and Management of High Vocational Public Electives%高职院校公共选修课建设与管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳; 彭晓云

    2012-01-01

    公共选修课是学分制人才培养方案的重要组成部分,是锻炼学生实践能力,提高学生综合素质的重要途径。目前高职院校在公共选修课课程设置、课堂教学、质量监控等方面存在的问题不容忽视,针对这些共性问题,提出了加强公共选修课建设和管理的具体对策建议。%The public electives take important part of the credit system which can improves the overall quality of students.The article elaborates and provides suggestions for the main problems of the construction and management of public electives such as curriculum,classroom management and quality control.

  11. The Differences in Urban and Rural Public Goods Supply under New Rural Construction Background%新农村背景下城乡公共产品供给差异研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常玲

    2011-01-01

    Urban and rural public goods supply was the basis and fundament of urban and rural economic and social development. The current situation of the differences in urban and rural public goods supply was analyzed from the aspects of social insurance, infrastructure construction and educational facility. The differences of urban and rural public products supply were due to the influence from unsound urban and rural e-conomy structure, national development strategy and decision-making department. It was proposed that to solve the difference of urban and rural public product supply, it was necessary to strengthen rural infrastructural construction, quickening urban-rural integration, optimization of organizational structure and enlargement of policy support and financial investment etc.%统筹城乡公共产品供给是统筹城乡经济社会协调发展的基础和根本.从社会保障、基础设施建设及教育设施方面分析了我国城乡公共产品供给存在的差异,指出我国城乡公共产品供给差异的存在是受城乡二元经济结构、国家发展战略及决策部门不健全的影响,提出要解决城乡公共产品的供给差异,有必要加强农村基础设施建设、加快城乡一体化、优化组织结构以及加大政策支持和资金投入等.

  12. Housing Fund to Invest in Public Housing Construction and Profit Pattern Analysis%住房公积金参与公租房建设与盈利模式分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡长明; 张刚刚; 郭斌奇

    2014-01-01

    Money shortage of public housing is a problem facing by the local government while huge balance of housing fund has not been utilized. This paper introduces a property rights sharing model for public housing and explores the introduction of housing fund to the public housing construction. The construction, distribution and related management policies of public housing are discussed by case study and economic analysis. Three kinds of profit pattern analysis are analyzed to demonstrate the feasibility. Some suggestions are put forward.%建设公租房的大量资金从何处获得,一直是困扰各地方政府的难题,而目前大量的住房公积金结余却被存在银行里,没有得到有效的利用。引入共有产权公租房模式,探讨了住房公积金参与公租房建设的运营模式,分析了共有产权公租房的建设、分配以及相关的管理政策等。通过案例研究和经济分析的方法,对住房公积金参与公租房建设的3种盈利模式进行了投资收益分析,论证了共有产权公租房引入模型的合理性,并针对共有产权公租房运营过程中存在的政策、管理、分配等方面问题,提出了相应的对策和建议。

  13. Reflections on the Construction of Harmonious Police Public Relations in Minority Nationality Regions%论新疆地区和谐警察公共关系的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高雪静

    2011-01-01

    Police public relations as a kind of people orientation concept and a kind of police cultural phenomenon refer to the mutual interaction between police organizations and the social publics.In minority nationality regions,the different languages,religious beliefs and customs of each nationality make the construction of police public relations possess certain regional features.In addition,Xinjiang is the frontier of anti-terrorism in China and undertakes the mission of maintaining national security and social stability.The Construction of harmonious police public relations shall strengthen theoretical awareness,reinforce bilingual communication,grasp nationality religious policies,etc.%警察公共关系是警察组织与社会公众双向信息交流和良性互动沟通,既是一种以人为本的思想理念,也是一种警察文化现象。在新疆少数民族地区,由于各民族不同的语言、宗教信仰及风俗习惯,使警察公共关系建设具有较强的地域特色;同时新疆又是我国反恐斗争的第一线,担负着维护国家安全、社会稳定的重要使命,构建和谐警察公共关系需要加深理论认识,强化双语交流沟通,把握民族宗教政策,分析研究涉警网络舆情,加强媒体正面宣传,对警察素质内外兼修。

  14. 以目标管理为导向的公共组织激励机制的建构%The Construction of Objective Management of Motivation Mechanism in Public Organization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林首淑

    2013-01-01

    公共组织的公益性及人力资源作为特殊资源在公共组织发挥的作用越来越明显.实现有效激励与人力资源的良性互动得益于建构有效、合理的激励机制,以目标管理为导向的公共组织的激励机制的建构,更好地发挥地目标管理民主参与的特点,最大限度地激活人力资本,把组织目标与个人目标有机结合起来,提高公共组织的运作效率.因此.探讨公共组织激励存在的问题及如何建立适宜的激励机制显得尤为重要.%In view of the increasingly significant role played by public organization and human resource as a special resource , achieving effective incentive strategies and interaction of human resources depends on constructing effective and reasonable incentive mechanism. The construction of objective oriented management of incentive mechanism in public organization not only contributes to the target management of democratic participation and the activation to human capital at the most, but also contributes to the combination of organizational goal and personal goal and improving the operational efficiency of public organization. Therefore, there is a great significance in exploring the problems of incentive methods in public organization and finding the ways of establishing motivation mechanism.

  15. Construction and Application of Three Dimensional Geographic Information Technology in Public Security Industry%三维地理信息技术在公安行业的建设与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵妍妍; 方源敏

    2015-01-01

    随着IT技术的发展和地理信息系统技术逐渐走向成熟,三维地理信息技术发展非常迅速。该技术目前已被应用于众多领域中,比如在公安行业的应用。公安局警用三维地理信息系统框架主要采用B/S的技术框架、Web技术、三维可视化技术、系统集成技术等,采取功能控制流和数据流交叉组织的方式,实现对公安信息的管理、预警等功能。本文介绍了三维地理信息技术在公安行业的研究背景及意义,提出了建设的目标与内容,阐述了主要建设体系的内容与职责,以及详细说明了采用的主要技术,为公安信息化建设与应用提供方法和思路。%With the development of IT technology and geographic information system technology, the three-dimensional geographic information technology is developing very fast. This technology has been applied in many fields at present, including public security industry. The Public Security Bureau police 3D geographic information system framework mainly adopts the B/S technical framework, Web technology, 3D visualization technology, system integration technology and so on. It takes the cross organization of function control flow and data flow to realize management and early warning of the public security information. This paper introduces the research background and significance of three-dimensional geographic information technology in public security industry, puts forward the objectives and contents of the construction, expounds the content and main responsibilities of construction system, and details the main technology used, which provides methods and ideas for the construction and application of public security information.

  16. Analysis on the Essence and System Construction of Public Administrative Occupation Ethic%公共行政职业伦理的本质诠释及制度构建探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何独明; 徐佑敏

    2015-01-01

    公共行政职业伦理具有区别于其他职业伦理的根本性质,它以特殊的社会意识形态存在、以特殊的规范调节方式发挥作用、以特殊的责任伦理产生效应。发展和完善公共行政职业伦理,就要健全公平的行政职业伦理规范体系,加强公共行政人员的职业伦理教育,建立完善的行政职业伦理监督与制约机制,加快公共行政职业伦理法治化建设。%Public administrative occupation ethics, which has different fundamental nature from other occupation ethics, exists in special social ideology, play a role in special standard, and produce effect in special responsibility ethics. To develop and improve public administration occupation ethics, we should perfect the fair administrative occupation ethics system, strength occupation ethics education of public administrative personnel, establish and improve administrative ethics supervision and restriction mecha-nism, and speed up the public administrative ethics legalization construction.

  17. Construction of profession-oriented practical teaching system of Public Management specialty%构建以职业能力为导向的公安管理专业实践教学体系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏娜

    2014-01-01

    The-training-target-of-public-security-management-is-to-cultivate-professionals-who-can-be-competent-in-the-job-of-public-security-management-.So-to-construct-the-professional-oriented-practical-teaching-system-for-public-security-management-is-needed-.Based-on-the-connotation-of-public-security-professional-vocation-,-each-module-in-the-practice-teaching-content-system-and-the-elements-of-security-system-are-studied-.Then-,the-contents-of-the-teaching-system-,the-operational-structure-and-the-evaluation-mechanism-are-elaborated-on-.%公安管理专业人才培养目标是培养造就一批能够胜任公安管理岗位工作要求的应用型专门人才,需要构建以职业能力为导向的公安管理专业实践教学体系。基于公安管理职业能力的内涵分析,研究了实践教学内容体系所包括的各个模块及实践教学保障体系各要素,并从教学体制、运行机制、考评机制3方面阐述实践教学体系运行体制、机制的内容。

  18. Critical Success Factors for Public Private Partnerships in the UAE Construction Industry- A Comparative Analysis between the UAE and the UK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khalid Almarri

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Procurement instruments by Public Private Partnerships (PPP have shown their amazing capacity in procuring public works from around the globe. Their success rate has been immense as they are known to bring efficiency, quality, innovation, experience, funds, and most importantly, the art of risk sharing to developed projects. This research aims to pinpoint the critical success factors (CSFs that are needed to implement PPPs in transitional economies. We have taken UAE as a case study and will be comparing its results with that of the UK’s; a developed country. Relevant data was collected through a questionnaire to establish the PPP critical success factors for the each of the two countries. In this questionnaire, data was collected from 30 participants residing in the UAE and 62 participants residing in the UK. A comparative analysis between the results of the UK and UAE showed a great deal of similarity between the two in PPP practice trends in the critical success factors. Both countries ranked the same nine factors as the most significant ones out of the eighteen critical success factors for implementing PPPs. These factors were commitment of public and private parties, appropriate risk allocation, committed and competent public agency, transparent procurement process, strong private consortium, competitive procurement process, political support, detailed cost/benefits assessment, and good governance. Whereas, the major differences were related to local financial market, macro-economic conditions, and favourable legal framework. The findings were validated through a small sample of practitioners using the Partnering Performance Index, and were found to be comprehensive, objective, reliable, practical, replicable, and adaptable.

  19. Construction of Public Training base in Vocational Economics and Management%高职院校经管类公共实训基地建设探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘新仁; 朱雪兰

    2012-01-01

    高职院校经管类公共实训基地是高职院校为培养高技能人才提供实训条件的实践性教学平台,具有资源共享,形式开放的特点。本文从经管类公共实训基地建立思路为切入点,从实训基地建立原则及建立形式及经管类公共实训基地运行与管理等方面进行初步的探析。%Practical teaching platform of public training base in vocational colleges vocational colleges provide training con- ditions for training highly skilled personnel, resource sharing, open characteristics of the form. This article from the economies and management of public training base ideas as a starting point to establish the principles and the establishment of the reliminary robe into the form and administer class operation and management of public training base from the training base.

  20. Gauss-Markov encryption matrix construct and image encryption application%Gauss-Markov加密矩阵构造及图像加密应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹阿金; 刘勇华; 罗移祥

    2012-01-01

    To solve the problem of encryption matrix is difficult to construct, a novel algorithm is proposed to get the encryption matrix. First, a stochastic sequence is generated by Gauss-Markov process. Then, it is converted into a series of low-order integer matrixes and multiple the selected matrices with determinant equal to 1 each other by using tensor production method. Thus, we can construct some high order encryption matrices and use it in digital image encryption. The encryption instance and theoretical analysis show that the proposed algorithm can produce encryption matrices with high security, and have good random characteristics and autocorrelation to meet the requirement of cryptography.%为了解决加密矩阵难以构造的问题,提出一种获得整数矩阵的新算法,利用Gauss-Markov过程生成一个随机序列,将该序列转换为一系列的低阶整数矩阵,从中寻找行列式等于l的整数矩阵,并对这些矩阵进行张量积运算得到高阶加密矩阵,应用于数字图像加密.加密实例和理论分析及对比表明,该算法可自动生成安全性很高的加密矩阵,且加密结果具有良好的随机特性和自相关性,能满足密码学的要求.

  1. [Imaging].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chevrot, A; Drapé, J L; Godefroy, D; Dupont, A M; Pessis, E; Sarazin, L; Minoui, A

    1997-01-01

    The panoply of imaging techniques useful in podology is essentially limited to X-rays. Standard "standing" and "lying" X-rays furnish most of the required information. Arthrography is sometimes performed, in particular for trauma or tumour of the ankle. CT scan and MRI make a decisive contribution in difficult cases, notably in fractures and in small fractures without displacement. The two latter techniques are useful in tendon, ligament and muscular disorders, where echography is also informative. Rigorous analysis of radiographies and a good knowledge of foot disorders make these imaging techniques efficacious.

  2. 论《局外人》荒诞意象图式的构建%On the Construction of an Absurd Image Schema of The Stranger

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨芬

    2011-01-01

    《局外人》是法国著名的存在主义作家加缪的代表作,也是其荒诞哲学思想的最形象化展示。小说通过主人公莫尔索在生活中表现出的思想和行为的分裂性和荒诞性,构建出了人类社会的荒诞意象图式,即冷漠、无聊、断裂、莫名的焦虑与追索,表达了作家对现代社会人的生存状态和生存方式的最深沉的思考。本文拟从内在之我与外表之我的局内与局外、个人处境与社会秩序的局内与局外、主观感受与客观世界的局内与局外、"玻璃板"此面与彼面的局内与局外等四个方面,分析小说《局外人》的荒诞意象图式的内涵及其构筑方式,藉此深化对作品的理解。%The Stranger is a symbolic masterpiece of Camus,the famous French existentialist writer.In this novel,the author's absurdist philosophy is iconically demonstrated.By showing the psychological detachment and absurdity of thought and behavior of the main character Meursault during his life,the author constructs an absurd image schema of human society,that is,indifference,senselessness,detachment,and irrational anxiety and exploration.Meursault's character also expresses the author's most profound deliberation into the living situation and life style of the modern societal man.He reveals the absurdity of human society.The "glass sheet" divides the relationship of man and the world,which includes individuals and others.In order to better understand the masterpiece,this paper analyzes the connotation and the construction method of the absurd image schema of The Stranger from the four aspects of the insider-outsider relationship:one's internal thoughts and his or her external actions,an individual situation and social order as a whole,one's subjective emotions and his or her objective world,and lastly,both sides and perspectives of the "glass sheet".

  3. Study on Constructing the Accessible Architectural Environment of Public Libraries%构建公共图书馆无障碍建筑环境研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单瑞芳

    2011-01-01

    公共图书馆无障碍建筑环境应具备便捷性、安全性、实用性及可持续性。目前,美国、日本及我国台湾地区的公共图书馆无障碍建筑环境已经在政策、理论及实践方面取得了较好的成绩,而我国大陆地区的公共图书馆无障碍建筑环境的实践刚刚起步,仍需要进一步完善和更新。2011年文化部对公共图书馆提出“无障碍、零门槛进入”的要求,公共图书馆应该抓住时代赋予的新机遇,将无障碍建筑环境建设纳入图书馆立法体系,引入“多方参与”的设计理念,注重无障碍设计细节,并加入通用设计理念,以创建公共图书馆无障碍建筑新环境。%The accessible architectural environment of public libraries should have some characteristics of convenience, safety, practicality and sustainability. At present, the accessible architectural environment of public libraries in the United States, Japan and Taiwan have been made great achievements in policy, theory and practice, while the practice of the accessible architectual environment in our country starts just, it needs to be perfected and modified. In 2011, the Ministry of Culture puts forward requirements of "accessible and free service" for public libraries. Public libraries should seize the opportunity and put the establishment of accessible architectural environment into the library legislation system, introduce the design idea of multilateral participation, pay attention to detail designs, and introduce universal design idea, in order to realize the accessible architectural environment of public libraries.

  4. Patrimoine et construction de territoires par l’image : l’exemple du pays d’Albret (France et de ses paysages (XIXe- XXIe siècles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bouisset, Christine

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The heritage making process is one of the major elements of territorial mediation between politicians and citizens, equally as between the territory and the outside. It carries pictures that have to lean on the identity of the territory. This identity often requires a return to the past or an attention on peculiar elements. The study of landscape images on the Country of Albret (lithographs, postcards, photographs … allows to analyse, over a long period (XIX-XXIth centuries, the construction of meaning that a society gives to its territory. Pictures show identity, personality, values and ambience related to patrimonial places and territory. Techniques, landscapes highlighted and the manner of showing them change over time.

    La patrimonialización es un elemento importante de mediación territorial entre los políticos y sus administrados, y también entre el territorio y el exterior. Transmite imágenes que se apoyan en la identidad del territorio. Esta identidad supone a menudo un retorno al pasado o a cualquier elemento singular. El estudio de las imágenes paisajísticas que se han divulgado sobre el País de Albret a través de diferentes medios (litografías, tarjetas postales, fotografías, etc. permite analizar a lo largo del tiempo (siglos XIX y XX la construcción del sentido que una sociedad da a su territorio: las imágenes transmiten identidad, personalidad, valores y ambiente ligados a los lugares patrimoniales y al territorio. Los soportes iconográficos, los paisajes y los lugares destacados, así como la manera de mostrarlos, evolucionan con el paso del tiempo. [fr] La patrimonialisation est un des éléments majeurs de médiation territoriale entre les décideurs et leurs administrés, tout autant qu’entre le territoire et l’extérieur. Elle véhicule des images qui doivent s’appuyer sur l’identité du territoire. Cette identité passe souvent par un retour sur le passé ou sur tout élément singulier. L

  5. Earthquakes, public spaces and (the social construction of environmental disasters. The role of public space for risk mitigation and urban redevelopment and the role of environmental disasters for re­ assessing the ‘space of the Public’.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Pizzo

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper stems from long­lasting research dedicated to urban risk reduction through a planning approach. It focuses on public space, proposing an inversion of the usual perspective: instead of considering public spaces for risk mitigation and urban redevelopment, here the imperatives of environmental safety and urban resilience can be instrumental for exploring the meaning and role of the public space from a different, rather compelling point of view. One starting point is the concept of SUM, Strategic Urban Structure (or Framework, from the Italian “Struttura urbana minima”, which has been introduced in order to set out the contents of urban risk reduction in local administration agendas and particularly into ordinary planning processes. The SUM has been conceived both as an analytical and a normative/planning tool. Public spaces are the backbone of both urban structure and of the SUM. From their features, localization, distribution within thesettlement, and their systemic characters, largely depend the capacity of a town to positively react to a seismic event. Six case­studies of small and medium­size historic towns in the Umbria Region (one of the many Italian Regions with a high level of seismic risk, help to understand the complexities and problems related to seismic prevention within historical centres, and the conflicts between conservation of the heritage and the imperatives of environmental safety. In order to overcome possible criticalities identified in a SUM, it is necessary to provide alternatives to its functioning through redundant elements. The concept of redundancy, which is strictly related to that of uncertainty, is very interesting and promising in this field of research.

  6. 陶瓷品牌与陶瓷品牌形象建设研究%Study on Ceramic Famous Brands and Ceramic Brand Image Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宝亚; 杨超

    2013-01-01

    In the field of ceramics,established brand has a crucial role.It is the product go-to-market,is the premise of consumer identity.Construction ceramics brand and brand image are occupies a very important position in the business framework,successful brands to enable consumers to obtain unique and brand image that best meets their needs.Brandbuilding is the guarantee of brand to maintain.This article on ceramic analyses the relationship between branding and brand-building,discusses the importance of branding and brand-building in the field of ceramics.%在陶瓷领域,品牌的确立具有至关重要的作用.它是产品走向市场,被消费者认同的前提.而品牌形象的建设在陶瓷品牌的运营构架中更是占有十分重要的地位,成功的品牌应该具有使消费者获得独特的、最能满足他们需要的品牌形象.品牌形象建设是品牌得以维系的保证.本文通过对陶瓷品牌和品牌形象建设之间关系的分析,论述了品牌和品牌形象建设在陶瓷领域的重要性.

  7. Constructed Wetlands

    Science.gov (United States)

    these systems can improve water quality, engineers and scientists construct systems that replicate the functions of natural wetlands. Constructed wetlands are treatment systems that use natural processes

  8. 公共外交对中国国家形象的塑造%The Shaping of Public Diplomacy for China's National Image

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴豪

    2014-01-01

    公共外交是为了提高本国的知名度、美誉度和认同度,主要在政府引领下对本国和另一国的群众起引导作用,使得他们对本国的国家看法发生改变。国家形象包括一个国家在自己国人眼中的形象,以及一个国家在国际间的政治、经济、文化、军事、科技等方面相互交往过程中给其他国家及其公众留下的综合印象。公共外交是塑造中国国家形象的主要途径,它塑造高效的中国政府形象,中国国民的智慧、勇敢、坚韧、拼搏的形象,中国在经济上的迅速和平发展的大国的国家形象,以及充满活力的中国文化形象等。我国要同时面对机遇与挑战,为了塑造出正确的国家形象而努力。%Public diplomacy is to increase their visibility, reputation and acceptance, play a guiding role of the masses of the country and in another country mainly t under the guidance of the government which makes them change their national views. Image of the country includes a country's image in the eyes of its own people. And comprehensive impression of a country to other countries and their public left in the process of interaction in the international political, economic, cultural, military, technological aspects. Public diplomacy is the main way to shape China's national image and vibrant image of Chinese culture. China should deal with both opportunities and challenges and make great effects to create a proper image of the country and work.

  9. 网络监督的公共政治属性与建设路径%Public Political Attribute and Construction Path of Network Su-pervision

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔令兵

    2014-01-01

    网络监督的兴起有现实需求、技术支持和制度政策基础。在社会转型期,面对腐败的高发和多变,以网络监督为核心生成的腐败治理意愿正是现阶段社会公众的政治需求。但是,网络监督对腐败治理具有双重效应。因此,为有效治理腐败,优化网络监督,要抑制其负面效应,强化网络监督的公共政治属性,培育网络主体理性参与精神;要激励实名举报,建立实名举报保护机制;要优化官民合作机制,建立腐败线索收集、整理和反馈机制。%The rise of network supervision is based on the realistic demand, technology and policy support. In the current peri-od of social transition, facing the high incidence of corruption, the public has the political appeal to resort to network supervi-sion as the core to fight against corruption. However, network corruption has both negative and positive effects on anti-corrup-tion. To effectively inhibit corruption and optimize net-work supervision, we should restrain its negative influence, enhance its public political attribute, and cultivate the rational participation spirit centered on network. We should also establish the re-al-name reporting and protecting mechanism, improve the mechanism of cooperation between the government and the public, and set up the mechanism to collect, sort and feedback the clues related to corruption.

  10. 新闻出版业诚信体系的构建%The Construction of Credit System of the Press and Publication Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桑瑛

    2014-01-01

    我国新闻出版业诚信体系亟待构建,本文首先在归纳新闻出版业的三大功能特点基础上,从宏观理论角度分析了新闻出版业诚信的重要性。其次,从政府主体和消费者角度着重分析了新闻出版业的诚信体系现状,剖析出新闻出版业诚信缺失的三大原因:计划经济时代诚信关系不坚实,市场经济时代机制政策不健全,利益驱动盈利目标过重。最后,在此基础上,鲜明提出了加强新闻出版业诚信建设的五大具体措施和建议,以此为新闻出版业提供一个借鉴作用。%The credit system of China's press and publication industry need to be improved. This paper, firstly, based on the three func-tional features in press and publication industry , analyzes the importance of credit at the macro level. Secondly , it analyzes the situation of credit system from the perspectives of the government and consumers , finds out three causes for the lack of credibility:weak credit re-lationship in the planned economy , unsound mechanism policy in the market economy , caring too much about profit-driven. Finally , the paper puts forward five concrete measures and suggestions , in order to provide a lesson for the press and publication industry.

  11. 新公共管理视角下的电子政务建设探讨%Explore the issue of e-government construction under the New Public Management Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建元

    2014-01-01

    在信息化技术时代,电子政务为新公共管理提供了重要内容和技术手段。推行电子政务,对于转变政府职能、深化行政体制改革和建设电子政府,有着重要的现实意义。针对当今电子政务发展中存在的问题,必须转变公共管理思维。%In the era of information technology, e-government for the new public management provides important content and technical means. Implementation of e-government, the transformation of government functions and deepening administrative reform and e-government construction, has important practical significance. For today's e-government development problems of public administration must change the way of thinking in order to build e-government targets, establish a sound mechanism for the construction and development of e-government, increase technical personnel training, speeding up legislative work related to the development of e-government create a good environment.

  12. 移动应用学习工具下的大学公共英语词汇教学模式建构%Construction of College Public English Vocabulary Teaching Mode Based on Mobile Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李佩君

    2016-01-01

    以自主开发的《我得Word》移动应用为学习工具,建构创新型大学公共英语词汇教学模式。建构过程主要包括:定义英语词汇移动教学模式;确立英语词汇移动学习目标;完成英语词汇移动教学设计;改革英语词汇移动教学模式下的学习评价。通过这一教学模式的构建,希望能够对大学公共英语课的数字化改革提供一定的参考。%With self-developed mobile application My Word as the learning tool,this paper constructs new college public English vocabulary teaching mode. In the process,the mobile teaching mode of English vocabulary is defined;the learning objective of mobile vocabulary learning is established;teaching design of mobile vocabulary teaching is completed and learning evaluation of mobile vocab-ulary teaching is reformed in hope to provide some reference for the digital reform of college public English course by the construction of this teaching mode.

  13. Construction and Thinking on Security Assurance System in Public Health Data Center%r公共卫生数据中心安全保障体系建设与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖革新; 张烨; 张睿; 王俊玲

    2012-01-01

    分析中国疾控中心数据中心信息化建设现状及信息安全保障体系存在的问题,对此提出总体应对框架,即构建以公共卫生业务系统为服务对象、安全管理体系建设为龙头、安全技术体系为基础的安全体系结构,为公共卫生数据中心信息安全保障体系建设提供借鉴。%The paper analyzes the informatization construction status of China CDC data center and the existing problems of information security assurance system, puts forwards corresponding framework, namely, constructing the security architecture taking public health service system as a target, system security management system as the leading, security technology system as the basis, so as to provide some references for public health data center information security protection system.

  14. Public knowledge and public trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunningham-Burley, Sarah

    2006-01-01

    As health care applications derived from human genetics research are likely to move increasingly from 'clinic to community', there is growing interest not just in how patients understand and take up health-related genetic information but also in the views of the wider population, as well as a range of professional groups. In this paper, issues relating public knowledge and public trust are raised and discussed in an attempt to move forward debates about public involvement in genomic research and the role of sociologists within interdisciplinary teams. As the field of public understanding of science has developed, we have seen a shift from a focus on the lack of scientific literacy as problem to a recognition of the range of different knowledges that people have and use as they confront science and technology in their everyday lives. As a mood for dialogue pervades many institutions in their relations with 'publics', attention must now be paid to the way in which knowledge and expertise is expressed, heard and acted upon in dialogic encounters. There is increasing concern about public trust in science and calls to increase public confidence, particularly through more open engagement with a range of publics. However, lack of trust or loss of confidence may be constructed as problems rather than reflecting empirical reality, where more complex relationships and attitudes prevail. Lack of trust is often privatized, deeply rooted in lived experience and routinely managed. Trust relations are generally characterized by ambivalence, uncertainty and risk, and are always provisional. Drawing on selected literature and empirical research to review and illustrate this field, this paper argues that scepticism or ambivalence on the part of publics are not necessarily problems to be overcome in the interest of scientific progress, but rather should be mobilized to enhance open and public debates about the nature and direction of genomics research, medicine, and the related

  15. 公共基础设施PPP融资模式问题探讨%The Discussion about PPP Financing Pattern of Public Infrastructure Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈柳钦

    2008-01-01

    PPP(Public-Private-Partnership)是一种新型的融资模式,本文着重分析了PPP融资模式的结构、特点、内涵和作用,PPP模式的目标及运作思路;国内外PPP融资案例;PPP模式的优势所在及其成功运作的必要条件;我国运用PPP模式融资应注意的事项;等等.

  16. 基金会公信力与品牌形象构建%Credibility of the Foundations and the Construction of Brand Image

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙春霞; 赵思婕

    2012-01-01

    The brand credibility crisis reduces the foundation's own brand awareness and the public's satisfaction and loyalty to the foundations, then influence the brand effect. In order to enhance the credibility of the foundation, we should make good use of the media propaganda through appropriate brand planning and brand strategy, build the brand image by introducing the enterprise operation mode to speed up the way of the foundation's international construction to form a new, valuable brand building path and make the maximum of the brand effect.%品牌形象公信力危机的出现降低了基金会自身品牌知名度和公众对基金会的满意度及忠诚度,进而影响其品牌效应的发挥。提升基金会的公信力,应通过合适的品牌规划和品牌战略、善用舆论媒体加大宣传、引进企业化运作模式加快基金会的国际化建设进程等途径,重新构建品牌形象,形成全新的、有价值的品牌构建路径,使品牌效应的发挥最大化。

  17. Three-dimensional reconstruction of brain structures of the rodent Octodon degus: a brain atlas constructed by combining histological and magnetic resonance images.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumazawa-Manita, Noriko; Katayama, Mariko; Hashikawa, Tsutomu; Iriki, Atsushi

    2013-11-01

    Degus (Octodon degus) are rodents that are becoming more widely used in the neuroscience field. Degus display several more complex behaviors than rats and mice, including complicated social behaviors, vocal communications, and tool usage with superb manual dexterity. However, relatively little information is known about the anatomy of degu brains. Therefore, for these complex behaviors to be correlated with specific brain regions, a contemporary atlas of the degu brain is required. This manuscript describes the construction of a three-dimensional (3D) volume rendered model of the degu brain that combines histological and magnetic resonance images. This atlas provides several advantages, including the ability to visualize the surface of the brain from any angle. The atlas also permits virtual cutting of brain sections in any plane and provides stereotaxic coordinates for all sections, to be beneficial for both experimental surgeries and radiological studies. The reconstructed 3D atlas is freely available online at: http://brainatlas.brain.riken.jp/degu/modules/xoonips/listitem.php?index_id=24 .

  18. 论公立医院筹资模式的构建%Discussion on Construction of Public Hospital Financing Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄瑶瑶; 蔡战英

    2014-01-01

    The fund shortage for public hospital has seriously restricted the development of hospitals in the current medical environment. How to disperse the financial pressure, raise sufficient funds and reduce the cost of capital has become the focus of the financial management of the hospital. In this paper, the problems in public hospital financing management were analyzed and potential financing mode was put forward. The hospital should make scientific decision on the financing and select the optimal financing scheme based on the actual situation.%在当前医疗环境下,公立医院资金短缺,严重制约医院的发展。如何分散资金压力,筹集充足资金,降低资金成本已成为医院财务管理的重点。本文分析公立医院筹资管理中存在的问题,介绍并探讨公立医院可行的筹资模式。医院应立足于单位实际情况,进行科学的筹资决策,选择最优的筹资方案。

  19. 公共危机状态下军队应急管理体系与能力建设研究%The Construction of Emergency Management System and Emergency Response Capacity under the Public Crisis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴勇; 周芳

    2012-01-01

    Participation in and dealing with the public crisis is an important duty for army. From the major emergencies which army participate in and deal with, such as "SARS" crisis, ice and snow disaster, Wen Chuan Earthquake etc, we can conclude that our army still exists many structural blemish and diversification loopholes in the construction of emergency management system and emergency response capacity. The article researches on weakness existing in the construction of emergency management system and emergency response capacity of our army, and puts forward the constructive measures. It has the important instructive function for improving the troop' s overall ability of emergency management under public crisis.%参与处置公共危机是军队的一项重要职能.从我军参与处置“非典”危机、冰雪灾害、汶川地震等一系列重大危机事件的情况来看,军队在处置公共危机的应急管理体系和能力建设方面仍然存在诸多结构性缺陷和多元化漏洞.探究我军应急管理体系和能力建设存在的问题,并提出建设性的对策,对于提升我军在公共危机状态下的应急管理能力具有重要的指导作用.

  20. Underground Public Space Municipal Infrastructure Construction in Beijing CBD Core Area%北京CBD核心区地下公共空间市政基础设施建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晋勋; 李洪毅; 蔡明; 谢佳华; 张洁; 周辉; 许晓东

    2016-01-01

    北京CBD核心区地下公共空间市政交通基础设施项目,是集交通、地下综合管廊、景观以及综合防灾功能为一体的地下空间建设项目。为保证CBD核心区资源的高度整合,采用综合管廊模式设计。工程建设创造性地提出并采用了“一体化”施工模式,既保证了工程本身建设进度,也有效配合了各二级地块的建设进度,节约了大量的社会资源。%Underground public space municipal transport infrastructure projects in Beijing CBD area is composed of transportation, underground pipeline corridors, landscape and comprehensive disaster prevention function. To ensure a high degree of integration of the CBD core area of resources, an integrated tube design gallery mode was adopted. The integration construction mode was put forward, which not only can ensure the construction progress of the project and save social resources, but also effectively improve construction progress of each secondary plots.