WorldWideScience

Sample records for compagnies petrolieres nationales

  1. Nationale test

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2009-01-01

    Professor Sven Erik Nordenbo og centerleder Niels Egelund, begge DPU, i samtale om nationale test.......Professor Sven Erik Nordenbo og centerleder Niels Egelund, begge DPU, i samtale om nationale test....

  2. Nationale Test

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2009-01-01

    Hvad er egentlig formålet med de nationale test? Bliver eleverne klogere af at blive testet? Og er der en sammenhæng mellem bandekrig og nationale test? Fysisk medie: dpu.dk/tv......Hvad er egentlig formålet med de nationale test? Bliver eleverne klogere af at blive testet? Og er der en sammenhæng mellem bandekrig og nationale test? Fysisk medie: dpu.dk/tv...

  3. Nationale test

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bundsgaard, Jeppe; Puck, Morten Rasmus

    Nationale test skubber undervisning i en forkert retning. Det er lærerne og skolelederne enige om. Men særligt skolelederne ser også muligheder for at bruge testen til at få viden om elevernes faglige kompetencer og om undervisningen. Det kommer til udtryk i rapporten Nationale test: Danske lærere...

  4. Nationale test i naturfag

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andreasen, Karen Egedal; Jensen, Lars Bang

    2015-01-01

    Kapitlet rummer en analyse og diskussion af test inden for naturfagsområdet og de fagforståelser de afspejler med fokus på de nationale test.......Kapitlet rummer en analyse og diskussion af test inden for naturfagsområdet og de fagforståelser de afspejler med fokus på de nationale test....

  5. Strategies of petroleum companies facing climate change issues; Strategies des compagnies petrolieres face a la problematique du changement climatique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gervais, St.

    2005-05-01

    The oil industry is particularly concerned with the issue of climate change. The implementation of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) reduction policies can be perceived as an additional environmental constraint for the management of the production chain. It is also represents a first step towards a possible decarbonization of the economy. In the long-term, the fight against global warming calls thus into question the activity level of petroleum companies. Confronted with this, still uncertain, new environmental deal, some petroleum multinationals adopt proactive behaviors, e.g. with voluntary commitments to reduce GHG emissions, or with investments in alternative technologies. First of all, we present the potential economic impacts of the Kyoto Protocol on oil industry. Then, we conduct a comparative analysis of the 'Kyoto risk' for the five largest multinationals of this sector according to their activities and their geographical implantations. Then, for the purpose to interpreting proactive strategies of firms such as BP and Shell, we examine various explanations including 'win-win', public image and the response to broad societal needs. This leads us to formalize the proactive behavior as an anticipatory management of carbon contestability, particularly perceptible in financial markets. Lastly, we try to justify economically investments of companies in the field of alternative energy sources and technologies through the lens of real options theory and by a management of the exhaustible fossil resources. (author)

  6. BOOK REVIEW Tadjo, V. (2017). En compagnie des hommes. Paris ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1984), a collection of earth-bound orality-inspired poems, the Ivorian writer, Véronique Tadjo, has just come out with a novel, En compagnie des hommes (“In the company of humans”), on the Ebola pandemic that ravaged. Guinea, Liberia, and ...

  7. Nationale Drug Monitor : Jaarbericht 2006

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Laar, M.W. van; Cruts, A.A.N.; Verdurmen, J.E.E.; Ooyen-Houben, M.M.J. van; Meijer, R.F.

    2007-01-01

    De Nationale Drug Monitor (NDM) die sinds 1999 wordt samengesteld door het Trimbos-instituut in samenwerking met het WODC is een beschrijvend rapport dat een overkoepelend beeld geeft van het middelengebruik (drugs, alcohol en tabak) en – sinds 2002 – ook van de geregistreerde drugscriminaliteit en

  8. Nationale drug monitor : Jaarbericht 2004

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Laar, M.W. van; Cruts, A.A.N.; Verdurmen, J.E.E.; Ooyen, M.M.J. van; Ketelaars, A.P.M.; Gelder, P. van

    2004-01-01

    De Nationale Drug Monitor (NDM) die sinds 1999 wordt samengesteld door het Trimbos-instituut in samenwerking met het WODC is een beschrijvend rapport dat een overkoepelend beeld geeft van het middelengebruik en – sinds 2002 – ook van de geregistreerde drugscriminaliteit en de strafrechtelijke

  9. Nationale Drug Monitor : Jaarbericht 2007

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Laar, M.W. van; Cruts, A.A.N.; Verdurmen, J.E.E.; Ooyen-Houben, M.M.J. van; Meijer, R.F.

    2008-01-01

    De Nationale Drug Monitor (NDM) die sinds 1999 wordt samengesteld door het Trimbos-instituut in samenwerking met het WODC is een beschrijvend rapport dat een overkoepelend beeld geeft van het middelengebruik (drugs, alcohol en tabak) en – sinds 2002 – ook van de geregistreerde drugscriminaliteit en

  10. H.P. Hanssens nationale retorik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kock, Christian Erik J

    2015-01-01

    Hvordan var H.P. Hanssens retorik om danskheden og det nationale? Dette spørgsmål stiller professor i retorik Christian Kock, Københavns Universitet.......Hvordan var H.P. Hanssens retorik om danskheden og det nationale? Dette spørgsmål stiller professor i retorik Christian Kock, Københavns Universitet....

  11. Infographic. Nationale Bekkenbodemdag: 20 januari 2018.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    2018-01-01

    Zaterdag 20 januari is het Nationale Bekkenbodemdag. Het NIVEL en Bijwerkingencentrum Lareb gaan de werking en bijwerkingen van medicijnen bij plasklachten monitoren en vergelijken met andere behandelingen. Dit om de behandeling voor patiënten te verbeteren en beter aan te laten sluiten bij de

  12. De la Compagnie Générale Transatlantique à la CMA-CGM : l'entrée de l'armement de lignes régulières français dans la logique de la mondialisation

    OpenAIRE

    Fremont, A.

    2006-01-01

    Le contraste est saisissant entre l'ancienne compagnie nationale CGM, qui était dans une logique de déclin jusqu'à sa privatisation en novembre 1996, et la nouvelle CMA-CGM, sixième opérateur mondial de conteneurs en 2004. L'existence de la Transat puis de la CGM reposait sur le soutien de l'Etat, la limitation des effets de la concurrence internationale et l'adossement au marché national. Ce système ne résiste pas à la mondialisation. Depuis sa création en 1978, la CMA mène une stratégie opp...

  13. Afvalverwijdering 1990 - 2015. Achtergronddocument bij de Nationale Milieuverkenning 3

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nagelhout D; Ballerini E; LAE

    1994-01-01

    Ter voorbereiding van het NMP-2 is midden 1993 de derde Nationale Milieuverkenning (MV3) verschenen. Deze Milieuverkenning kan gezien worden als een evaluatie van het eerste NMP en een actualisatie van de tweede Nationale Milieuverkenning. Teneinde rekening te houden met toekomstige

  14. Biomedical meetings and biomedical journals: vive la difference et vive la compagnie.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, Jesse

    2010-11-01

    Why do we continue to gather to meet to exchange medical knowledge more than 500 years after the invention of the printing press, 100 years after the telephone, and 20 years after the widespread use of email? We, the human race, have been transmitting information by multimedia--voice, face, and body language--into each other's ears and eyes (and noses) in caves around fires, at work, and on the trail, since well over 100 000 years ago. That communication is built on a foundation shared with many other primates and non-primate mammals. The origins of this communication are hundreds of millions of years old. Each newly input bit of this type of communication often needs to be processed immediately and responded to appropriately (food, hug, love, hit, bite, fight, and flight). The brain has had all this evolutionary time to build a complex, rich network of neurons to take it all in immediately, deal with it speedily, and save it for guidance in the future. (Also, 're-play' is not usually a choice.) Writing is only 5000 years old and comes in through only the eyes. (The ears and nose are excluded from these communications.) The earliest surviving paintings, the predecessors of writing, are less than 30 000 years old and are an exclusive product of human evolution. The brain has had less time to build a rich response centre. Re-reading is common. Only in a minority of instances (e.g. STOP sign, High Voltage) is an immediate response demanded. In essence, the two distinct modes of communication complement one another. Vive la difference. Vive la compagnie. We witnessed this complementarity at the recent Laniado Hospital/Bildirici Diabetes Center meeting in Israel. The public presentations from the speaker's platform stirred the minds and souls of the audience. We remember the presenter, we recall the overall message (but not the details), and we were emotionally moved by what we heard. Now we are publishing these papers in a medical journal to use the other mode of

  15. Nationale Enquête Arbeidsomstandigheden 2015. Methodologie en globale resultaten

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hooftman, W.E.; Mars, G.M.J.; Janssen, B.; Vroome, E.M.M. de; Michiels, J.E.M.; Bossche, S.N.J. van den

    2016-01-01

    Eind 2015 voerden TNO en CBS de elfde Nationale Enquête Arbeidsomstandigheden (NEA) uit. Bijna 46.000 werknemers deden mee aan het onderzoek. TNO en het CBS voeren de NEA uit in samenwerking met het ministerie van SZW. In de NEA staat ‘kwaliteit van de arbeid’ in brede zin centraal. Dat betekent dat

  16. Verslag Nationale Cyber Security Strategie 2 : Van bewust naar bekwaam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Luiijf, H.A.M.

    2014-01-01

    Op 28 oktober 2013 werd de tweede Nationale Cyber Security Strategie (NCSS 2) uitgebracht, twee en een half jaar na de eerste. De strategische focus verschuift van publiek-private samenwerking naar publiek-private participatie en strategische samenwerking. De nieuwe strategie beoogt dat, Nederland

  17. Drie nationale cyber security strategieën vergeleken

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Luiijf, H.A.M.

    2011-01-01

    Onafhankelijk van elkaar brachten Frankrijk, Duitsland en Nederland hun nationale cyber security strategieën vrijwel tegelijk uit. De strategieën hebben overeenkomsten, maar tonen ook grote verschillen. De drie landen onderkennen een urgente noodzaak om cyber security aan te pakken, maar hebben

  18. Nationale anbefalinger til kompetencer for sygeplejersker i den palliative indsats

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Kirsten Halskov

    2012-01-01

    I artiklen præsenteres de nye nationale ”Anbefalinger til kompetencer for sygeplejersker, der arbejder med palliativ indsats”. Anbefalingerne er udarbejdet af sygeplejersker med særlig viden om palliation, herunder med baggrund i sygeplejerskeuddannelsen og palliativ praksis på alle faglige nivea...... palliativ indsats mulighed for at kende og anvende anbefalingerne med henblik på at løfte kvaliteten af kompetenceudviklingen af den palliative sygepleje i Danmark på grund-, efter- og videreuddannelser....

  19. Børns gætterier ved nationale test

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristine Kousholt

    2016-03-01

    omkring børnenes gætterier ved de nationale test, og analyserne bidrager med underkategorier af disse gætterier, der samtidig skal sige noget om testenes forskellige betydninger for forskellige børn. Ambitionen er at forstå børnenes deltagelse ved testene som begrundet i de betingelser, der stiller sig for børnene og herunder begrundet i netop testningen selv.

  20. Florence, 1300-1301. Compagni, Villani (and their readers in Santa Trìnita and «cacciare con molta offensione» (If 6, 66

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Brilli

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The essay examines the accounts about the “white biennium” 1300-1301 provided by Dino Compagni and Giovanni Villani, as well as by their readers and modern interpreters (Leonardo Bruni, Niccolò Machiavelli and Scipione Ammirato up to Isidoro Del Lungo and Robert Davidsohn. The scrutiny and the comparison with other minor chronicles of the 14th century (see «Reti Medievali - Rivista», 17 [2016], 2, 113-151 leads to a new interpretation of these witnesses, which explains the evasiveness in the account by Dino Compagni and provides not only a new reading of the overall sense of this historical phase but also of the specific sense of Dante’s reference to these facts in the canto VI of the Inferno.

  1. L'industrie pétrolière russe entre gouvernances publique et privée : les obstacles aux stratégies d'entrée des compagnies internationales

    OpenAIRE

    Locatelli, Catherine

    2004-01-01

    Cahier de recherche LEPII, série EPE n° 35 mai 2004, 20 p.; Cahier de recherche LEPII, série EPE n° 35 mai 2004, 20 p.; La faible implication des compagnies pétrolières internationales en Russie semble difficilement explicable au regard des enjeux du développement de ses ressources et de sa production. Elle constitue une zone d'autant plus importante pour les compagnies pétrolières internationales que l'accès aux ressources des plus grands pays producteurs du Moyen-Orient reste à ce jour ferm...

  2. Flood prevention and protection at the Bibliothèque nationale de France

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Baryla, Christiane

    2006-01-01

    .... This programme is hosted by the Bibliothèque nationale de France (BnF) in Paris and this is the reason why I am authorised to speak about flood prevention and protection in the National Library...

  3. ACADEMIE NATIONALE DE MEDECINE - UNE TRADITION BICENTENAIRE DE MODERNITE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claude JAFFIOL

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available EXTRACTC'est sous le signe de la modernité, qu’est fondée l'Académie nationale de médecine, au début du XIXème siècle, alors que notre discipline émerge d'une longue période d'obscurantisme.Après Bichat, mort prématurément, les pionniers, Laënnec, dont le stéthoscope permet pour la première fois d'écouter ce qui se passe à l'intérieur du corps humain ,  Larrey, le premier chirurgien des temps modernes , Pinel, le premier psychiatre... sont appelés  à siéger dans la jeune académie fondée par Louis XVIII en 1820.Toujours sous le signe de la modernité, c'est à l'Académie de médecine que présentent leurs travaux révolutionnaires Pasteur et Marie Curie, deux figures emblématiques de la science, des découvreurs comme Laveran, prix Nobel de médecine, des novateurs comme Robert Debré, pédiatre éminent mais aussi inventeur des CHU. Alexander Fleming y fit connaître au monde sa découverte de la pénicilline.

  4. Du moteur à l’usine, ou petite histoire d’une grande entreprise nancéenne : la Compagnie Générale Electrique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascal Thiébaut

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available La révolution industrielle de l’électricité se met en place dans les deux dernières décennies du XIXe siècle. Ville moyenne, Nancy n’échappe pas à ce mouvement qui gagne l’Europe entière et les Etats-Unis et qui nécessite des capitaux importants. Puissant facteur d’auto-industrialisation, l’usage de l’électricité comme force motrice dans les usines induira de nouvelles habitudes de productions industrielles et une nouvelle division du travail. C’est dans ce contexte qu’est fondée en 1898 à Nancy la Compagnie Générale Electrique dont l’objet principal est la construction de moteurs. La conception très moderne de son usine symbolise ces nouvelles tendances.The industrial revolution of electrification was played out during the last two decades of the 19th century. Nancy, a medium-sized city, was affected by this revolution which spread across the whole of Europe and the United States, and which was characterised by the importance of the capital investment it required. Electricity used as motive power for production was a powerful incentive to industrial development and the arrival of electric motors in factories brought about new styles of production and a new division of labour. This is the context in which the Compagnie Générale Electrique was founded at Nancy in 1898, a firm primarily devoted to the construction of electric motors. The modern design of its factory was itself emblematic of the new industrial trends.

  5. Intégration verticale et niveau du risque au sein des compagnies pétrolières internationales. Impact sur la volatilité des bénéfices de 15 compagnies entre 1980 et 1989 Vertical Integration and Risk Level in International Oil Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perruchet D.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available On regroupe couramment les diverses activités pétrolières en deux ensembles que l'on dit complémentaires : l'amont et l'aval. On emploie alors le terme d'intégration verticale pour exprimer le fait qu'une même compagnie soit présente tant à l'amont qu'à l'aval. L'intégration verticale est étudiée ici sur la période 1980-1989 à travers quinze compagnies pétrolières : six Majors et neuf Indépendants. Les volumes d'activité des deux secteurs considérés présentent des évolutions contrastées selon les compagnies et les années. En effet, la recherche d'une intégration verticale plus complète - c'est-à-dire d'une plus grande présence en amont - peut découler de deux logiques différentes. D'un point de vue industriel, si l'amont constitue souvent le fondement de l'activité des compagnies, il existe de plus des facteurs de sécurité d'approvisionnement, d'économie de transaction et d'économie d'échelle. D'un point de vue économique, dans la mesure où les ventes du secteur amont sont les fournitures du secteur aval, c'est l'antisymétrie des résultats des deux secteurs qui est un atout. Il s'agit donc d'analyser les liens entre l'intégration verticale et la stabilité des bénéfices. Sur la période considérée, et pour l'ensemble des compagnies, le coefficient de corrélation entre les bénéfices amont et les bénéfices aval est négatif. L'étude, compagnie par compagnie, montre que plus les compagnies sont intégrées verticalement et plus leurs résultats sont anticorrélés. De même, l'étude des répercussions sur la volatilité des bénéfices est concluante. On constate que la volatilité du bénéfice global (amont et aval est pour chaque compagnie inférieure à celles des bénéfices sectoriels. Des estimations économétriques confirment ces observations. Les Majors se caractérisent par des volatilités faibles, tandis que d'autres compagnies, à forts risques sectoriels, limitent la volatilité de

  6. Vers une politique nationale en matière de sciences et de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le Consejo Nicaragüense de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONICYT) a pour mandat de coordonner les différents acteurs du système d'innovation national du Nicaragua. Cette subvention permettra au CONICYT de concevoir une stratégie nationale en matière de sciences, de technologies et d'innovation (STI). Les extrants ...

  7. Door met Duurzaam Veilig : nationale verkeersveiligheidsverkenning voor de jaren 2005-2020.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wegman, F.C.M. & Aarts, L.T. (eindred.)

    2005-01-01

    In 1992 verscheen de eerste Nationale Verkeersveiligheidsverkenning. Deze besloeg de periode 1990-2010 en is de afgelopen jaren uitgegroeid tot de leidende visie voor verbeteringen van de verkeersveiligheid in Nederland. Ook internationaal wordt de Duurzaam Veilig-visie als toonaangevend beschouwd.

  8. Le togo face au defi de la construction nationale : Comment l'ethnie ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Le togo face au defi de la construction nationale : Comment l'ethnie et la region determinent-elles le comportement des electeurs Togolais (1958-2007) ... Election strongholds are actually ethnic bastions. Interestingly, politicians do not hesitate to deliver tribalistic speeches. The situation raises once again the recurrent ...

  9. Kennis op maat voor Nationale landschappen : ervaringen met het oplossen van specifieke kennisvragen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koomen, A.J.M.; Schröder, R.R.G.

    2011-01-01

    Doel van het project ‘Kennis op maat’ is om op een interactieve manier kennis te leveren over een aantal specifieke kennisvragen en onderwerpen van medewerkers van provincies en Nationale Landschappen. De nadruk ligt daarbij op kennisuitwisseling, doorwerking en montage en niet op het uitvoeren van

  10. Élaboration de politiques nationales sur l'accès aux ressources ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Élaboration de politiques nationales sur l'accès aux ressources génétiques et le partage équitable des avantages (Chine, Jordanie, Népal, Pérou). Les pratiques locales en matière de préservation de la biodiversité, d'amélioration des cultures et de gestion des ressources naturelles sont compromises. Les lois et les ...

  11. Importance de l'introduction des langues nationales dans le systeme ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mais malheureusement, l'enfant béninois est marqué dès le début de sa scolarisation par une situation linguistique conflictuelle entre le français langues officielle et langue d'enseignement. Malgré la prise de plusieurs décisions traduites en actes législatifs et réglementaires, l'introduction des langues nationales dans le ...

  12. [Philipp Herzog: Sozialistische Völkerfreundschaft nationaler Widerstand oder harmloser Zeitvertieb? Zur politischen Funktion der Volkskunst im sowjetischen Estland] / Karsten Brüggemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brüggemann, Karsten, 1965-

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Herzog, Philipp. Sozialistische Völkerfreundschaft, nationaler Widerstand oder harmloser Zeitvertreib? : zur politischen Funktion der Volkskunst im sowjetischen Estland. Stuttgart : Ibidem-Verlag, 2012

  13. Partager la fonction répressive : la collaboration entre la police et une compagnie de sécurité privée dans un quartier aisé du Cap

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel Roumet

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Basé sur une étude qualitative menée dans une banlieue aisée du Cap, cet article examine les mutations de la fonction policière induites par le recrutement d’une compagnie de sécurité privée pour assurer, au quotidien, l’ordre public et la sécurité. Libérés des patrouilles assurées par la compagnie de sécurité, les policiers voient leur action recentrée sur le développement de services administratifs et de campagnes de prévention. La police locale et une entreprise privée collaborent ainsi pour former, avec la participation active des habitants, un exemple atypique de recomposition de la gouvernance sécuritaire en Afrique du Sud.Based on a qualitative study launched in a wealthy suburb to the South of Cape Town, this article analyses the transformations in the role of the police caused by appealing to a private security company for maintaining public order. The private security company is in charge of the patrols, which has allowed policemen to reallocate their activities towards the development of community services and crime prevention. The local police and a private company collaborate one with another to form, together with the active participation of inhabitants, an outstanding example of the transformation of security governance in South Africa.

  14. Baukultur als Symbol nationaler Identität : Das Beispiel Kabul, Afghanistan

    OpenAIRE

    Issa, Christine

    2009-01-01

    Diese Arbeit beschäftigt sich mit der Fragestellung, inwieweit Gebäude, Denkmäler und öffentlichen Plätze nationale Identifikationsprozesse einer Gesellschaft widerspiegeln. Am Beispiel der afghanischen Hauptstadt Kabul wird die heutige bauliche Gestalt unter religiösen, ethnischen, kommerziellen, säkularen, nationalen und visionären Aspekten analysiert. Im Fokus dieser Arbeit stehen dabei die Akteure der Stadtgesellschaft, ihre Identitätsbezüge und ihre gesellschaftlichen, wirtschaftlichen u...

  15. Le renouveau des contes du Lagle Naaba à la Télévision Nationale ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ilboudo (animatrice en langue moore à la Télévision nationale du Burkina) a initié les soirées de contes sur le petit écran. L'introduction du conte à la télévision s'inscrit dans la volonté politique de valorisation du patrimoine culturel national et d'intégration régionale. La forte diaspora burkinabè et mooréphone qui continue ...

  16. Kulturarvens grundspænding mellem nationale og globale strømme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mads Daugbjerg

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumé Artiklen diskuterer den ”grundspænding” mellem det nationale og det globale, som kulturarven som begreb og konkret praksis finder betydning i. Et indledende eksempel fra forfatterens feltarbejde ved den historiske slagmark Dybbøl lige nord for den dansk/tyske grænse demonstrerer, hvordan steder og højtideligheder, der tidligere blev opfattet som stærkt nationale, i stigende grad tilskrives transnationale eller sågar universelle værdier. Herefter sporer og diskuterer forfatteren forbindelserne mellem national identitet, arkæologien og kulturarven, med reference til 1800tallets nationalromantiske vending. Særlig opmærksomhed tildeles den tyske præromantiker Johann Gottfried Herder (1744-1803, hvis tanker om sammenhængen mellem folk, nation og kultur fik afgørende betydning for toneangivende danske skikkelser som Adam Oehlenschläger og N.F.S. Grundtvig. Forståelsen af kulturarven, som voksede frem i 1800-tallets Danmark, var knyttet til erfaringen af den krisestemning, som blandt andet tabet af Norge 1814 og de slesvigske krige 1848-51 og 1864 hensatte nationen i. Dansk kultur og kulturarv blev opfattet som noget grundlæggende skrøbeligt og truet, en præmis som stadig kendetegner megen kulturarvspraksis. Men parallelt med denne grundlæggende nationale konnotation i kulturarvsbegrebet peger forfatteren på nutidige bevægelser, som peger i en tilsyneladende modsat retning, hvor genstande, steder, monumenter og traditioner i stigende grad søges knyttet til universelle og kosmopolitiske dagsordner og medfølgende værdisæt, som det ses mest rendyrket hos UNESCO. Artiklen diskuterer den nyere universalistiske kulturarvstænkning gennem en kritisk analyse af UNESCOs verdensarvsbegreb. Der argumenteres for, at man under  verdensorganisationens diplomatiske og inkluderende sprogbrug aner en relativistisk og romantisk kulturforståelse, der på paradoksal vis fastholder de enkelte ”communities” og kulturer i afsondret

  17. E-trade dossier. Back end: towards a virtual oil company? An application service provider specialized in petroleum applications. Aspentech allies with IBM. The E-trade era has started. France adapts to information technologies; Dossier E-commerce. Aval: vers une compagnie petroliere virtuelle? Un ASP specialise dans les applications petrolieres. Aspentech s'allie a IBM. L'ere de l'E-commerce a commence. La France s'adapte aux technologies de l'information

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2000-08-01

    This dossier analyzes the expected impact of the electronic business on the petroleum and gas industries. It comprises 5 articles dealing with: the development of E-business in the back end of the petroleum industry for the reduction of costs and the control of the interface with clients, the knowledge data-base portal developed by GeoNet for the supply of softwares to oil and gas industries, the strategic alliance between IBM and Aspen Technology (a supplier of integrated e-business softwares), the launching of a unique global portal on the Web by Schlumberger for the commercialization of oil and gas data and assets, the French government priorities in the development of information technologies in a legal frame. (J.S.)

  18. Risques sanitaires globaux et politiques nationales : la gestion de la grippe aviaire au Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Muriel Figuié; Tristan Fournier

    2010-01-01

    Nos sociétés sont actuellement confrontées à des risques sanitaires, souvent d'origine animale, qui amènent les organisations internationales telles que l'OIE, l'OMS et la FAO à promouvoir une nouvelle gouvernance mondiale. Nous examinons ici la question des spécificités nationales dans ce projet de gouvernance. Notre analyse est basée sur une étude menée en 2008 au Vietnam sur l'épizootie de grippe aviaire (H5N1). Nous distinguons, sur la période étudiée allant de 2003 à 2008, deux phases da...

  19. Yves-Marie Davenel, Renouveau culturel et diversité nationale au Kazakhstan

    OpenAIRE

    Prmanova, Elmira

    2014-01-01

    Le présent ouvrage étudie la position de la minorité nationale tatare au sein du Kazakhstan. Comment cette minorité se situe-t-elle dans ce dialogue interethnique ? Quelles réponses apporte-t-elle à ce dialogue ? L’auteur analyse le renouveau culturel des Tatars pour montrer la façon dont ils mettent en scène leur culture et envisagent leur rôle dans ce dialogue. La république du Kazakhstan, située au cœur de l’Asie Centrale, est un État souverain et indépendant depuis la chute de l’Union sov...

  20. Charte nationale de déontologie des métiers de la recherche

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    L’objectif d’une charte nationale de déontologie est d’expliciter les critères d’une démarche scientifique rigoureuse et intègre, applicable notamment dans les unités mixtes de recherche et dans les partenariats nationaux et internationaux, dans lesquels travaillent ensemble des personnels de différents établissements. Il est cependant de la responsabilité de chaque établissement de mettre en œuvre cette charte et d’en décliner l’adaptation selon les disciplines et les métiers concernés. E...

  1. Die Konstruktion nationaler Identität in der österreichischen Presse seit ´45

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilhelm Kempf

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Die in der vorliegenden Arbeit dargestellten Untersuchungsergebnisse sind Teil eines internationalen Forschungsprojektes, welches die Konstruktion nationaler Identitäten durch die Medien im Europa der Nachkriegszeit (1945-1996 untersucht. Mittels eines einheitlichen Untersuchungsdesigns wird die Mainstream-Presse in Österreich, Deutschland und der Schweiz sowie in Finnland und Estland inhaltsanalytisch ausgewertet. Die hier referierten Befunde beruhen auf der österreichischen, der deutschen und der schweizerischen Teilstudie, auf einer vergleichenden Analyse österreichischer, deutscher und schweizerischer Printmedien sowie auf einer Sekundäranalyse des in diesen Studien erhobenen Datenmaterials und auf einer vergleichenden Analyse xenophober vs. multikultureller Aspekte der Identitätskonstruktion in der österreichischen, schweizerischen, deutschen, finnischen und estnischen Presse. Dabei geht es nicht so sehr darum, was österreichische Identität ist, als vielmehr darum, wie diese Identität von der österreichischen Mainstream-Presse konstruiert wurde. Im Zentrum der Untersuchung stehen die Themenkomplexe •\tGeschichtsinterpretationen und Patriotismus, •\tDemokratische Kultur, •\tNeutralität sowie •\tAusländerfeindlichkeit und Rassismus. Die Ergebnisse der Untersuchung zeigen, wie die österreichische Presse jenem geistigen Klima Vorschub geleistet hat, welches es Haider ermöglichte, sich einer ursprünglich linken Systemkritik zu bedienen, um sie im Mix mit Fremdenhass und dem Appell an dumpfe Volksgemeinschaftsinstinkte in ein rechtspopulistisches Erfolgsrezept umzumünzen. Das Entstehen dieses Meinungsklimas ist vor allem auch dem Populismus der österreichischen Medien geschuldet, die über Jahrzehnte hinweg jegliche kritische Auseinandersetzung vermieden und im Wettbewerb um Auflagenzahlen stattdessen eine dumpfe Unzufriedenheit in der Bevölkerung bedient haben. In der Konstruktion nationaler Identität seitens der

  2. Sibelius, J. Kullervo op.7, Nationaler estnischer Männerchor, Stockholms Filharmoniska Orkester, Paavo Järvi / Andreas K. W. Meyer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meyer, Andreas K. W.

    1998-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Sibelius, J. Kullervo op.7. Randi Stene (Mezzosopran), Peter Mattei (Bariton), Nationaler estnischer Männerchor, Stockholms Filharmoniska Orkester, Paavo Järvi". Virgin/EMI 5 45292 2 (78'34") DDD Aufnahme: 1997.

  3. Football et unité nationale : entre construction politique et signification sociale (1965–2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nassir Abdoun

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Au Cameroun, pays d'Afrique centrale qui compte plus de 200 langues nationales et entités ethniques, le football s'est imposé tant dans le discours politique que dans la praxis sociale comme un instrument de l'unité nationale. Sport le plus important au regard du palmarès et de l'engouement populaire, le football est un reflet pertinent de la dynamique historique qui s'opère dans ce pays. A l'image des clubs mythiques à base ethno-centrée qui ont animé la scène sportive du continent dans les décennies des années 60 et 70, la société semble s'attacher au marquage identitaire propre à ces associations sportives. C'est avec l'émergence du label « Lions indomptables » que nous assistons à un véritable mixage à l'échelle nationale. Dans une approche dynamique, il s'agit de déterminer les fondements de cette unité rendue opérationnelle par le football. L'approche est éminemment pluridisciplinaire en usant de l'histoire, de la science politique et de la sociologie.

  4. Construction nationale et construction des identités de genre en Allemagne (1848-1870

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alice Primi

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available L’exemple allemand analysé dans cet article montre comment les catégories du « masculin » et du « féminin » sont construites, transformées et utilisées en lien étroit avec l’identité nationale. Trois périodes – la révolution de 1848-1849, les années 1860 et la guerre de 1870 – sont successivement examinées à travers des textes produits par des Allemandes qui tentent de participer à la formation de l’opinion publique durant ces années-là. Ces sources (principalement de nature journalistique témoignent de leurs tentatives pour intervenir dans les débats du moment, pour exprimer des opinions politiques, pour revendiquer de nouveaux droits pour les femmes et définir pour elles un statut de citoyennes dans l’Etat allemand à venir. Pour se faire entendre, ces auteures doivent se montrer dignes de la nation allemande, et, par conséquent, s’exprimer non seulement « en tant que femmes » mais aussi en tant que « femmes allemandes » ; ceci implique de se distinguer clairement du stéréotype de la « femme française ». La revendication de cette double identité – genrée et nationale – s’avère à la fois indispensable et restrictive, comme on le voit avec les thèmes de l’émancipation et des droits politiques. Beaucoup de ces femmes publiquement engagées essaient donc d’élargir leur champ d’action en jouant sur la notion de « féminité » qu’elles sont obligées de prendre en compte ; il s’agit notamment de donner à cette notion un contenu nouveau et « moderne », en lien avec les problèmes de leur temps.Der Text zeigt anhand der Analyse des deutschen Beispiels auf, wie im Zusammenspiel mit der nationalen Identität Geschlechterkategorien im 19. Jahrhundert konstruiert, verändert und benutzt wurden. Untersucht werden drei Zeiträume: die Revolution von 1848-49, die 1860er Jahre und der deutsch-französische Krieg von 1870/71. Die hier vorgestellten Quellen wurden von

  5. S. N. C. F. (Societe Nationale des Chemins de Fer) from a rail tank car to offshore

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Riant; Sauzay, R.; Tessier, J.; Le Meur, G.; Pailloux, J.

    1979-11-01

    A discussion covers statistics on passenger and freight transportation across the English Channel in 1978 (a 313% increase in tonnage from 1977), the development of the trans-Channel Sealink and Seaspeed navigation lines operated by the Societe Nationale des Chemins de Fer and British Railways since 1968-1969, and a detailed description of Naviplane 500, the advanced French hovercraft vehicle, soon to start navigation on the Boulogne-Douvres line. Naviplane 500, developed by Societe Bertin jointly with the Bureau Veritas classification society, can transport 105 tons of useful load.

  6. Les voyages du récit. Culture écrite et expansion européenne à l’époque moderne : le cas de la Compagnie Hollandaise des Indes Orientales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrien Delmas

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available composition du juryMonsieur François Hartog, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Directeur,Monsieur Romain Bertrand, Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques,Monsieur François-Joseph Ruggiu, Université de Paris IV-Sorbonne,Monsieur Jean-Frédéric Schaub, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales,Monsieur Nigel Worden, University of Cape Town.Thèse soutenue le 1er juillet 2010RésuméPour saisir les relations multiples qui se sont nouées entre la culture écrite et l’expansion euro...

  7. The Politics of Deception and the French Lais in the Roman de Fauvel, Manuscript Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, fonds français 146

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marinescu, R.C.I.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/413277046

    2014-01-01

    The interpolated version of the French allegorical satire, the Roman de Fauvel, transmitted in manuscript Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, fonds français 146 (produced in Paris ca. 1317), targets the corruption within the French royal court in the last years of the rule of King Philip IV of

  8. Nouvelle economie: utilisation de l'architecture de la comptabilite nationale pour estimer l'importance de l'economie de haute technologie

    OpenAIRE

    Beckstead, Desmond; Burrows, Sean; Gellatly, Guy

    2007-01-01

    Le present document montre comment l'architecture statistique du Systeme de comptabilite nationale du Canada peut etre utilisee pour etudier l'importance et la composition d'un secteur economique particulier. A titre d'illustration, l'analyse est axee sur le secteur des technologies de l'information et des communications (TIC) et, par consequent, sur l'ensemble des industries productrices de technologies et des produits de technologie qui sont les plus couramment lies a ce que l'on appelle so...

  9. Surproduction et pénurie de lait en Bolivie : quand la libéralisation désorganise la production nationale

    OpenAIRE

    Franqueville, André

    1993-01-01

    Suffisait-il d'augmenter la production laitière nationale pour que la consommation suive et que s'améliore la situation nutritionnelle du pays ? Telle semble bien avoir été la conception de la sécurité alimentaire qui a sous-tendu les efforts de développement laitier menés en Bolivie à partir des années soixante-dix. Les résultats n'ont pas totalement répondu aux espoirs parce que d'autres facteurs non moins importants ont été négligés ou perdus de vue, tels le potentiel de production du pays...

  10. Defining the Nation: National Identity in South Sudanese Media Discourse Eine Nation definieren: Die nationale Identität im südsudanesischen Mediendiskurs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ole Frahm

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article examines debates about national identity in the media landscape of post-referendum and post-independence South Sudan. Having never existed as a sovereign state and with its citizens being a minority group in Sudan, collective action among South Sudanese has historically been shaped in response to external pressures: in particular, the aggressive nation-building pursued by successive Khartoum governments that sought to Arabize and Islamize the South. Today, in the absence of a clear-cut enemy, it is a major challenge for South Sudan to devise a common identity that unites the putative nation beyond competing loyalties to ethnicity, tribe and family. Analysing opinion pieces from South Sudanese online media and placing them in the context of contemporary African nationalism, this article gives an initial overview of the issues that dominate the public debate on national identity: fear of tribalism and regionalism, commemoration of the liberation struggle, language politics, and the role of Christianity.Dieser Artikel widmet sich den Debatten, die in südsudanesischen Medien von der Nachreferendumszeit bis einige Monate nach der Unabhängigkeit über die nationale Identität geführt wurden. Der Südsudan hatte nie als souveräner Staat existiert und innerhalb des Sudan hatten die Südsudanesen eine Minderheit gebildet. In der Geschichte war gemeinschaftliches Handeln der Südsudanesen in erster Linie als Reaktion auf Druck von außen in Erscheinung getreten, insbesondere im Zusammenhang mit Arabisierungs- und Islamisierungsbestrebungen von Regierungen in Khartum. Heute fehlt ein eindeutiges Feindbild. Daher ist der Entwurf einer gemeinsamen Identität, die das Land über konkurrierende Loyalitäten zu Stamm, Ethnie oder Familie hinweg zu einen vermag, eine große Herausforderung für den Südsudan. Auf der Grundlage von Meinungsäußerungen in südsudanesischen Online-Zeitungen, die er zum „neuen“ afrikanischen

  11. Le développement de la normalisation comptable et de la comptabilité nationale en France entre les années 1920 et les années 1960, des analogies singulières

    OpenAIRE

    Touchelay, Béatrice

    2010-01-01

    Les particularités de la relation entre la comptabilité privée et la comptabilité nationale en France s'inscrivent dans leur histoire. Elles témoignent d'une conception singulière de l'information économique et des relations entre l'Etat, les entreprises, les économistes et les comptables. Ces particularités tiennent à l'histoire de la comptabilité nationale et de la normalisation des comptabilités générale privées entre les années 1920, quand apparaît l'idée d'un usage macro économique des d...

  12. L’Offre en Ligne de la Bibliothèque Nationale de France: Quelle Évaluation? Quelle Évolution?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suzanne Jouguelet

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available La Bibliothèque nationale de France a ouvert son site Web dès 1996. Entre 1997 et 1999 il a essentiellement offert l’accès aux catalogues en ligne, aux expositions virtuelles puis à la bibliothèque numérique (Gallica, à partir d’octobre 1997, avec l’accès à distance gratuit aux collections numérisées libres de droits, et aux „signets” de la BnF à l’automne 1998. Le site s’est progressivement développé, augmentant l’offre de notices et de documents numérisés et introduisant des services nouveaux. Le volume du site – hors information dynamique – a été multiplié par six depuis 1999: il est actuellement de 25 000 pages. Une version anglaise – test, beaucoup moins complète que la version française et réclamant de nombreuses améliorations, a été créée à l’automne 2000. Le site a connu en mars 2001 une refonte importante: contenu des informations, graphisme, page d’accueil, modes de navigation ont été revus, avec l’aide d’un prestataire. La mise à jour des contenus se poursuit.

  13. Paul Guadet et les écoles nationales d’Horlogerie de Besançon et d’Optique de Morez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Poupard

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available La loi Astier de 1919 et l’instauration de la taxe d’apprentissage en 1925 préludent à une vaste campagne d’ouverture d’écoles nationales professionnelles. Celle d’Horlogerie de Besançon est créée en 1921 et celle d’optique de Morez en 1925. Toutes deux issues d’une école municipale d’horlogerie, elles sont bien implantées dans le milieu industriel local. L’architecte Paul Guadet, grand défenseur du béton armé, conçoit pour elles des bâtiments aujourd’hui reconnus au titre du patrimoine du XXe siècle.Astier law in 1919 and training tax creation in 1925 begin a vast campaign of professional national schools opening. Besançon clock-making school was created in 1921 and Morez optical school in 1925. Both born of a council clock-making school, they are well introduced in local industrial world. Architect Paul Guadet, great supporter of reinforced concrete, designs for them buildings now seen as part of twentieth-century heritage.

  14. Regards critiques des jeunes Marocains sur leur place dans la vie politique nationale et les mobilités vers l’Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoubir Chattou

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available L’objet de cet article est d’expliciter les aspirations politiques des jeunes au Maroc et leurs perceptions des mobilités transnationales. Rappelons que la thématique de la jeunesse a suscité un intérêt particulier ces dernières années au sein de ce Maroc en mouvement. En effet, le Pays connaît des changements profonds au niveau politique, économique, démographique et socioculturel qui ont incontestablement affecté les perceptions des jeunes selon la diversité de leurs profils. Ces changements touchent également les structures de pouvoir, les organisations de la société civile, les droits humains et l’évolution des rapports Nord/Sud. Il s’agit donc dans ce travail de saisir le regard critique des jeunes interviewés de l’ordre national et de ses articulations avec le niveau mondial. Ceci rend plus visible leur revendication d’une citoyenneté effective à la fois à l’échelle nationale et mondiale. Plusieurs focus groupes de jeunes (65 jeunes lycéens et du supérieur d’origines rurale et citadine ont été organisés dans le cadre de cette étude.

  15. The Human Face of Digital Preservation: Organizational and Staff Challenges, and Initiatives at the Bibliothèque nationale de France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuelle Bermès

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The process of setting up a digital preservation repository in compliance with the OAIS model is not only a technical challenge: libraries also need to develop and maintain appropriate skills and organizations. Digital activities, including digital preservation, are nowadays moving into the mainstream activity of the Library and are integrated in its workflows.The Bibliothèque nationale de France (BnF has been working on the definition of digital preservation activities since 2003. This paper aims at presenting the organizational and human resources challenges that have been faced by the library in this context, and those that are still awaiting us.The library has been facing these challenges through a variety of actions at different levels: organizational changes, training sessions, dedicated working group and task forces, analysis of skills and processes, etc. The results of these actions provide insights on how a national library is going digital, and what is needed to reach this longstanding goal.

  16. Effets potentiels d’un modèle rationnel de prescription sur les dépenses nationales en santé

    Science.gov (United States)

    Littman, Jordan; Halil, Roland

    2016-01-01

    Résumé Objectif Estimer les économies que pourrait engendrer la mise en œuvre d’un modèle rationnel de prescription pour des classes de médicaments équivalents sur les plans de l’efficacité, de la toxicité et de la commodité. Conception L’Institut canadien d’information sur la santé a fourni des renseignements sur les 10 principales classes de médicaments en fonction des dépenses annuelles qui leur sont attribuables. Ces classes ont été examinées en vue de leur inclusion potentielle dans l’étude selon qu’il était possible de comparer les médicaments à l’intérieur d’une même classe. Lorsqu’à la suite d’une recherche documentaire, une équivalence a été établie en fonction de l’efficacité, de la toxicité et de la commodité des médicaments, les données annuelles sur les prescriptions ont été recueillies à partir de la base de données du Système national d’information sur l’utilisation des médicaments prescrits. Les économies potentielles de coûts ont ensuite été calculées en comparant les parts de marché actuelles avec les parts potentielles futures de ce marché. Contexte Le Canada. Principaux paramètres à l’étude Les différences estimées dans les dépenses que produirait un modèle rationnel de prescription. Résultats Une équivalence a été établie sur les plans de l’efficacité, de la toxicité et de la commodité dans les classes de statines, d’inhibiteurs de la pompe à protons, d’inhibiteurs de l’enzyme de conversion de l’angiotensine et d’inhibiteurs sélectifs du recaptage de l’angiotensine. Les dépenses annuelles totales dans ces classes se situent à 856 millions $ dans les programmes publics de médicaments et à 1,97 milliard $ environ à l’échelle nationale. Grâce à des prescriptions rationnelles, on estime que les économies annuelles pourraient atteindre 222 millions $ pour les programmes publics et 521 millions $ à l’échelle nationale. Conclusion La

  17. Trends in food intake in French children from 1999 to 2007: results from the INCA (étude Individuelle Nationale des Consommations Alimentaires) dietary surveys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lioret, Sandrine; Dubuisson, Carine; Dufour, Ariane; Touvier, Mathilde; Calamassi-Tran, Gloria; Maire, Bernard; Volatier, Jean-Luc; Lafay, Lionel

    2010-02-01

    The objectives of the present study were to assess the intake of different food groups in French children aged 3-17 years (n 1455), and to analyse trends since a dietary survey undertaken 8 years ago. Dietary intake was evaluated using data from the 2006-7 cross-sectional INCA2 national dietary survey (étude Individuelle Nationale sur les Consommations Alimentaires), based on a 7 d food record. Dietary intake (percentage of subjects consuming the food group and amount eaten) was assessed for thirty-nine food categories. We observed variations in food consumption by age, sex, North-South regional gradient, seasonal period and educational level of the responding parent. Trends in dietary intake between 1999 and 2007 were determined by comparing the INCA1 (n 1126) and the INCA2 surveys. Both surveys had been carried out using the same methodology. The findings showed a decrease in energy intake in children aged 3-14 years, due to a reduction in the consumption of foods of animal origin and sweetened products. In adolescents aged 15-17 years, energy intake remained rather stable; during this 8-year period, the consumption of meat decreased, whereas the consumption of savoury snacks such as sandwiches and hamburgers significantly increased. These trends occurred during a time of growing concern about overweight and the associated co-morbidities in France. A number of public health measures were implemented over this period to improve dietary habits and physical activity patterns in children and adults. The periodic monitoring of dietary patterns through the INCA surveys is an essential part of the surveillance network in France.

  18. Quand la justice pénale internationale s’empare de la réconciliation nationale When international criminal justice captures « national reconciliation »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Liwerant

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Si aujourd’hui les Tribunaux pénaux internationaux pour l’ex-Yougoslavie et pour le Rwanda affirment qu’ils ont pour objectif de favoriser la restauration de la paix, cette mission puise pourtant ses racines dans une réglementation des comportements dans la guerre. Cette généalogie révèle un changement de mission du droit pénal international qui, associant progressivement justice et paix, a conduit récemment à y adjoindre la « réconciliation nationale ». Sans être définie, la « réconciliation nationale » va s’introduire dans le vocable des juges internationaux. Ainsi, lors de la détermination de la peine, les juges vont considérer que les efforts de l’accusé en faveur de la réconciliation nationale est un élément susceptible de réduire la peine au titre des circonstances atténuantes. A partir d’une analyse de l’ensemble des décisions des deux Tribunaux pénaux internationaux, cet article analyse sens et enjeux de l’appropriation de la « réconciliation nationale » par la justice pénale internationale saisie par des impératifs collectifs.Although the international criminal courts for the Former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda claim that their goal is to contribute to the restoration and the maintenance of peace, their mission originates in the laws of war. This genealogy reveals a shift in international criminal law’s missions. Combining « justice » and « peace », the international judges have added the notion of « national reconciliation » to their vocabulary without defining it. Thus to give a « fair sentence » judges are willing to consider the defendant’s efforts in favor of national reconciliation among the elements that they take into account as mitigating factors. Analyzing the judgments of the international criminal tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and for the Rwanda, this article explores what is at stake when international criminal justice is faced with social

  19. BOOK REVIEW Tadjo, V. (2017). En compagnie des hommes. Paris ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Three, the anthropomorphization of Nature, the Baobab, and the. Bat. Four, the mobilization of teams of actors, both local and international, to confront the pandemic. Five, the union of humans and non-humans for the protection of nature. Much in the vein of Camus' The plague (1948), Tadjo's epic on Ebola foregrounds the ...

  20. Une mission sacrée pour qui ? Quelques réflexions sur l’Intégration Nationale et le Mandat britannique en Irak

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Sluglett

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available L’idée d’un objectif moral était inhérente à la création des mandats au Proche-Orient au lendemain de la guerre. Il s’agissait en particulier pour les Grandes Puissances de préparer activement à l’indépendance dans un futur qui ne soit pas trop éloigné les pays dont ils avaient la charge. Pratiquement, à l’opposé des idéaux entourant leur création, les nouvelles structures qui émergèrent étaient largement le reflet du désir des grandes puissances de forger des institutions à travers lesquelles elles puissent exercer leur contrôle. En Irak, les considérations économiques dictèrent la formation d’une lourde armée nationale soutenue, si nécessaire, par la puissance de la Royal Air Force. Cela conduisit à l’emploi de la force dans des situations pour lesquelles des solutions administratives auraient été plus appropriées et, en fin de compte, à l’échec des efforts de création des structures institutionnelles qui auraient été capables de résister à la domination de petites cliques militaires. De même, la politique britannique a été de gouverner par l’intermédiaire de l’“aristocratie de service” arabe sunnite, en accordant un statut de minoritaire à la majorité chiite de la population. Si cela a été toléré tant que les chiites sont restés en bas de la hiérarchie socio-économique, l’élévation du niveau d’éducation et les progrès de la conscience politique ont représenté une menace pour le statu quo, d’abord sous la monarchie puis sous la république.

  1. Peintures murales en Irlande du Nord et au Pays basque : mobilisation populaire et création d’identité nationale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascal Pragnère

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Cet article explore les différentes fonctions des peintures murales en Irlande du Nord et au Pays basque. Il montre comment les peintures murales, particulièrement visibles, ont la capacité de diffuser un message en permanence. En ce sens, comme les avancées conceptuelles sur la question de l’identification nationale permettent de le définir, elles constituent un support des processus de définition et de redéfinition des références identificatoires, et elles permettent de maintenir les dynamiques de polarisation communautaire comme éléments dominants de la structuration de l’espace public. Il n’y a que peu voire pas d’espace pour d’autres représentations de la vie sociale. Les peintures murales sont un outil de légitimation de la lutte, ce qui peut provoquer adhésion, soutien, ou mobilisation. Elles actualisent et élargissent le champ des références disponibles pour les processus d’identification, et rendent ce corpus de références toujours accessible à la population. Ainsi, elles participent activement à la dynamique du conflit.This article explores the several functions of mural paintings in Northern Ireland and in the Basque Country. It shows how the murals (which are particularly visible have the capacity to broadcast a message on a permanent basis. Recent conceptual progress on the question of national identification allows defining them as a basis for processes of definitions and re-definitions of identity references; they are also a means of keeping community polarization dynamics as the dominant elements in structuring the public space. Little or no space is left for other representations of social life. Murals are a tool for legitimising the struggle, which can stimulate adhesion, support or mobilization. They update and widen the field of references available for the identification processes, and make this corpus of references ready for use at any time for the population. Thus, they play an active part

  2. Nationale meningsfællesskaber

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roslyng-Jensen, Palle

    2012-01-01

    Reception of Radio News in Denmark during the Second World War. Development of National Discourses.......Reception of Radio News in Denmark during the Second World War. Development of National Discourses....

  3. Approche culturelle et Internet en classe de FLE : exemple d’une pratique à l’école nationale des ponts et chaussées (ENPC The potential of Internet in the French as a Foreign Language classroom: a cultural approach in the École Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées (ENPC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Salengros

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Cet article présente une recherche-action, menée à l'École Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées (ENPC, qui avait pour but de s'interroger sur les potentialités d'Internet en classe de Français Langue Étrangère (FLE lors de l'"enseignement" de la culture et / ou civilisation à un public spécialiste d'autres disciplines. Pour vérifier et contrôler notre hypothèse de départ, relevant des domaines, d'une part, des Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication (TIC, et d'autre part, de la didactique des langues, deux cours thématiques ont été mis en place, "La France et ses controverses" et "Partager la culture des Français". Ils proposent, lors de séances en présentiel, d'utiliser Internet comme support pédagogique. Le contenu de ces séances est axé sur une approche culturelle. D'abord, cette étude traite, tout en s'appuyant sur les fondements de la didactique des langues, de différents repères TIC et des approches culturelles liées aux TIC. Ensuite, nous présentons l'expérimentation réalisée au cours de l'année académique 2004-2005 et les résultats obtenus. Enfin, nous discutons des avantages d'une telle approche de l'"enseignement / apprentissage" de la culture et / ou civilisation, de la valeur ajoutée d'Internet et des pistes pédagogiques pour une recherche future.This article presents a research project carried out at École Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées (ENPC, one of France's leading engineering schools. It explores the use of the Internet in the classroom in the context of French as a Foreign Language teaching to engineering students in a programme designed to teach cultural aspects. The research straddles the two domains of IT and language teaching methodology. Two theme-based courses, "France and its controversies" and "Sharing French culture" were devised to test the initial hypothesis of the research project. The Internet was used as a teaching aid during classes, which emphasized a cultural

  4. Recherches et formation en littérature : état des lieux et perspectives : colloque du 22 juin 2011, Bibliothèque Nationale de France.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florence Gaiotti

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Le colloque qui s’est tenu le 22 juin 2011 à la BNF a été organisé par la Bibliothèque nationale de France-Centre national de la littérature pour la jeunesse-La Joie par les livres, l’université de Cergy-Pontoise-IUFM/Centre de recherche textes et francophonie, avec le concours de l’AFRELOCE. Il a rassemblé de nombreux chercheurs et médiateurs du livre pour la jeunesse ainsi qu’un public important d’auditeurs pour la plupart partie prenante dans la recherche, la formation ou la médiation de l...

  5. Ensemble flou et conservation au lycée. Le patrimoine mobilier des anciennes écoles nationales professionnelles d’horlogerie de Besançon et d’optique de Morez

    OpenAIRE

    Poupard, Laurent

    2016-01-01

    Les deux anciennes écoles nationales professionnelles d’horlogerie de Besançon (actuel lycée polyvalent Jules Haag) et d’optique de Morez (actuel lycée polyvalent Victor Bérard) ont généré un patrimoine mobilier important. Son étude par le service Inventaire et Patrimoine de la Région Franche-Comté a été l’occasion d’une réflexion sur la notion d’« objet patrimonial » permettant de dépasser les critères de sélection habituels (ancienneté et aspect) pour intégrer « par anticipation » des instr...

  6. Une vie, une œuvre, des archives : note sur le fonds Dom Paul Bellot aux Archives nationales du monde du travail (Fonds n° 2003 006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Hottin

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Cet article a pour objet de présenter brièvement les archives de Dom Paul Bellot, moine bénédictin et architecte, figure de l’architecture religieuse du premier vingtième siècle, conservées depuis 2003 aux Archives nationales du monde du travail à Roubaix. Au-delà de l’importance de ces documents pour l’histoire de l’art sacré contemporain et de l’éclairage qu’ils apportent à la connaissance d’une personnalité originale et complexe, l’histoire de ce fonds d’archives témoigne de quelques aspects des difficultés inhérentes à la conservation du patrimoine religieux : vieillissement des communautés monastiques, importance du bénévolat, nécessité d’un soutien des pouvoirs publics pour leur sauvegarde et leur valorisationThe aim of this article is to give a brief presentation of the archives of Dom Paul Bellot, Benedictine monk and architect and one of the leading figures of religious architecture during the first half of the 20th century. These archives are held today at Roubaix at the Archives nationales du Monde du Travail. Beyond the intrinsic interest of these papers for the history of contemporary sacred art and for the light they bring to understanding the original and complex personality of the man, the history of the papers also illustrates some of the difficulties inherent to the conservation of the religious heritage : the ageing of monastic communities ; the importance of non-paid work ; and the need for public support in the safekeeping and interpretation of the papers.

  7. Marks on the petroleum fiscality; Reperes sur la fiscalite petroliere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-02-15

    This document offers some marks on the petroleum fiscality in France: the taxes as the 'accises' and the 'TVA', the part of the taxes in the sale price at the service station, the comparison with other countries of Europe, the tax revenues and the Government budget. It provides also marks on the fuels prices formation (margins), the world petroleum markets (supply and demand) and the part of the petroleum companies on the petroleum market. (A.L.B.)

  8. Petroleum industry 1996; L`industrie petroliere 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-31

    A survey on petroleum industry activities in France and in the world in 1996 is presented. The different parts and themes of the study are: evolution of the petroleum market (international and French markets, supply and demand, prices, mark-up and taxation in France and in Europe); activities in the petroleum industries (exploration and production, maritime transportation, inland transportation and storage, refining, quality of petroleum products and substitution fuels, oil distribution); environment and safety (refining, distribution and evolution of products, pipeline and maritime transportation, exploration and production); situation of the sector`s companies (oil groups, para-petroleum French industry, scientific and technical research)

  9. Approche de Modernisation de l’Enseignement des Langues et Cultures Nationales du Cameroun à l’aide des TIC / Approach of modernization of Cameroon national cultures and languages teaching through ICT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcellin Nkenlifack

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Cet article décrit concrètement l’apport des TIC pour la modernisation de l’enseignement des langues et cultures nationales afin de promouvoir la diversité culturelle et la diffusion des connaissances scientifiques dans les langues locales et de renforcer les capacités de la population. Ce projet qui servira de fibre de développement des savoirs scientifiques et savoir-faire présente plusieurs avantages aux plans psychologique, pédagogique, scientifique et social, avec en prime la sensibilisation aux langues, le déploiement de la plateforme réalisée dans des établissements, la formation des enseignants sur l’utilisation des TIC pour l’enseignement des langues, la distribution des supports d’auto-apprentissage, le développement d’un site d’analyse et diffusion des données culturelles, d’archivage numérique et de préservation du patrimoine, la valorisation des acquis et des prédispositions locales à l’émergence et au développement technologique. Ce projet contribuera à concrétiser l’introduction de l’enseignement des langues et cultures locales dans les programmes officiels de formation au Cameroun. This paper describes the role ICT has played in modernizing the teaching of Cameroun’s national languages and cultures in order to promote cultural diversity and the dissemination of scientific knowledge in local languages as well as reinforce the population’s capacities. The project presented is an educational multimedia platform (in French TICELaCuN, or TIC pour l’enseignement des langues et cultures nationales used to teach Cameroun’s languages. The project will be used to further scientific knowledge and know-how. It offers several psychological, educational, scientific, and social advantages: language awareness, platform deployment in educational institutions, teacher training on ICT use to teach languages, distribution of self-learning supports, development of a site for the analysis and

  10. Lettres inédites a René Demeurisse (1895-1961, placeur au salon de la société nationale des beaux-arts en 1921

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claire Maingon

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available René Demeurisse (1895-1962 fut un fidèle exposant des Salons parisiens, ces fiefs de l’art vivant où se jouaient la carrière des artistes depuis le XVIIe siècle. Ce peintre figuratif de la génération du feu, élève d’Albert Besnard et ami du sculpteur animalier François Pompon, était membre associé de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts créée en 1890. Les plus grands noms de l’Ecole française, dont Auguste Rodin et Antoine Bourdelle, y participèrent avant la création du Salon d’Automne. En 1921, Demeurisse fut chargé avec Henri le Sidaner du placement d’un millier de toiles au Salon de la Nationale des Beaux-Arts. Cette tâche passionnante et ingrate était un exercice périlleux. Tous les artistes du Salon souhaitaient être exposés le plus visiblement possible, dans la salle bénéficiant des plus beaux éclairages et de la meilleure fréquentation afin de vendre leur œuvre et d’être cités dans la presse. Il y aurait les élus et les autres, ceux dont les envois plus médiocres finiraient dans les recoins obscurs du Grand Palais. Les archives du peintre conservent notamment trois lettres remarquables d’exposants exprimant leurs désirs d’accrochage qui apportent un éclairage nouveau sur la question du rôle des placeurs. Ces documents totalement inédits révèlent une facette méconnue de l’organisation du Salon et du tempérament d’un artiste dont le principal mérite était la sincérité.

  11. Role of uncontrolled HIV RNA level and immunodeficiency in the occurrence of malignancy in HIV-infected patients during the combination antiretroviral therapy era: Agence Nationale de Recherche sur le Sida (ANRS) CO3 Aquitaine Cohort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruyand, Mathias; Thiébaut, Rodolphe; Lawson-Ayayi, Sylvie; Joly, Pierre; Sasco, Annie Jeanne; Mercié, Patrick; Pellegrin, Jean Luc; Neau, Didier; Dabis, François; Morlat, Philippe; Chêne, Geneviève; Bonnet, Fabrice

    2009-10-01

    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients are at higher risk of malignancies. In addition to traditional determinants, a specific deleterious effect of HIV and immunodeficiency is speculated. We aimed at studying the association between immunological and virological characteristics of HIV-infected patients in care and the risk of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining and non-AIDS-defining malignancies. Patients consecutively enrolled in the hospital-based Agence Nationale de Recherche sur le Sida (ANRS) CO3 Aquitaine Cohort were included if the duration of follow-up was >3 months during the period 1998-2006. Multivariate modeling used an extended Cox proportional hazards model for time-dependent covariates and delayed entry. The 4194 patients included in the study developed 251 first malignancies during 22,389 person-years. A higher incidence of AIDS-defining malignancies (107 cases) was independently associated with (1) both longer and current exposures to a plasma HIV RNA level >500 copies/mL (hazard ratio [HR], 1.27 per year [P500 cells/mm(3) to prevent the occurrence of malignancy, this should be integrated to malignancy-prevention policies.

  12. Water and beverage consumption among children aged 4-13 years in France: analyses of INCA 2 (Étude Individuelle Nationale des Consommations Alimentaires 2006-2007) data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieux, Florent; Maillot, Matthieu; Constant, Florence; Drewnowski, Adam

    2016-09-01

    To examine the consumption of plain water among children in France and compare total water intakes with guidelines issued by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Nationally representative data were used to assess food, beverage and water consumption by sex, age group (4-8 years, 9-13 years), income-to-poverty ratio, eating occasion and location. Beverages were classified into nine groups: water (tap or bottled), milk, 100 % fruit juice, sodas, fruit drinks, hot beverages, sports drinks and flavoured waters. Total water volume in relation to energy intake (litres/kcal) was also examined. INCA 2 study (Étude Individuelle Nationale des Consommations Alimentaires 2006-2007). French children (n 835) aged 4-13 years. Total water intakes were accounted for by plain water (34 %), beverages (26 %) and food moisture (40 %). Plain water could be tap (18 %) or bottled (16 %). Older children drank more plain water than did younger children and boys drank more plain water than did girls. No socio-economic gradient for plain water consumption was observed. About 90 % of children did not meet the EFSA water intake recommendations. The daily water shortfall ranged from 367 to 594 ml/d. Water-to-energy ratio was 0·75-0·77 litres/1000 kcal (4184 kJ). Children drank milk at breakfast and plain water during lunch and dinner. Caloric beverages provided 10 % of dietary energy; consumption patterns varied by eating location. Total water intakes among young children in France were below EFSA-recommended levels. Analyses of beverage consumption patterns by eating occasion and location can help identify ways to increase water consumption among children.

  13. Psychiatric and substance use disorders in HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV)-coinfected patients: does HCV clearance matter? [Agence Nationale de Recherche sur le SIDA et les Hépatites Virales (ANRS) HEPAVIH CO13 cohort].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michel, L; Lions, C; Winnock, M; Lang, J-P; Loko, M-A; Rosenthal, E; Marchou, B; Valantin, M-A; Morlat, P; Roux, P; Sogni, P; Spire, B; Poizot-Martin, I; Lacombe, K; Lascoux-Combe, C; Duvivier, C; Neau, D; Dabis, F; Salmon-Ceron, D; Carrieri, M P

    2016-11-01

    The objective of this nested study was to assess the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in a sample of HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV)-coinfected patients according to their HCV status. The nested cross-sectional study, untitled HEPAVIH-Psy survey, was performed in a subset of HIV/HCV-coinfected patients enrolled in the French Agence Nationale de Recherche sur le SIDA et les Hépatites Virales (ANRS) CO13 HEPAVIH cohort. Psychiatric disorders were screened for using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI 5.0.0). Among the 286 patients enrolled in the study, 68 (24%) had never received HCV treatment, 87 (30%) were treatment nonresponders, 44 (15%) were currently being treated and 87 (30%) had a sustained virological response (SVR). Of the 286 patients enrolled, 121 patients (42%) screened positive for a psychiatric disorder other than suicidality and alcohol/drug abuse/dependence, 40 (14%) screened positive for alcohol abuse/dependence, 50 (18%) screened positive for drug abuse/dependence, 50 (17.5%) were receiving an antidepressant treatment and 69 (24%) were receiving an anxiolytic. Patients with an SVR did not significantly differ from the other groups in terms of psychiatric disorders. Patients receiving HCV treatment screened positive less often for an anxiety disorder. The highest rate of drug dependence/abuse was among HCV treatment-naïve patients. Psychiatric disorders were frequent in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients and their rates were comparable between groups, even for patients achieving an SVR. Our results emphasize the need for continuous assessment and care of coinfected patients, even after HCV clearance. Drug addiction remains an obstacle to access to HCV treatment. Despite the recent advent and continued development of directly acting antiviral agents (DAAs), it is still crucial to offer screening and comprehensive care for psychiatric and addictive disorders. © 2016 British HIV Association.

  14. Aprovechamiento del salto de Bourg-Lés-Valence. La Presa de la Roche de Glun-Drôme – Francia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Française d´Enterprise, Compagnie

    1971-05-01

    Full Text Available To take the fullest advantage of the hydroelectric and agricultural usefulness of the Rhône, the Compagnie Nationale du Rhône has divided the river into a number of sections, and these have been separately developed. The hydraulic gradient at La Roche de Glun, at the end of the central section, involves a hydraulic system consisting of a reservoir, a dam and dykes, a canal, a power station, an overflow canal and drainage works in the , surrounding zones. This project has been carried out by the Compagnie Française d'Enterprises.Para explotar al máximo las posibilidades hidroeléctricas y agrícolas del Ródano, la Compagnie Nationale du Rhône ha dividido dicho río en una serie de tramos para proceder a su distribución. El salto de La Roche de Glun, último del tramo central, forma un complejo hidráulico que consta de: un embalse cerrado por diques, una presa, un canal de alimentación, una central, una esclusa, un canal de descarga y unas obras anejas de drenaje para evitar inundaciones en las ciudades próximas. Las obras han sido realizadas por la Compagnie Française d'Entreprises.

  15. Energy for Germany 2000. Facts, views and positions in a global trend. Goals of the global and national policies in the 21st century: Competitive strength, assured supply, environmental compatibility; Energie fuer Deutschland 2000. Fakten, Perspektiven und Positionen im globalen Kontext. Schwerpunktthema 'Ziel globaler und nationaler Energiepolitik im 21. Jahrhundert: Wettbewerbsfaehig - versorgungssicher - umweltvertraeglich'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    The publication is based on the publication 'Energy for Tomorrow's World - Acting Now.', which was published by the World Energy Council in 2000. It presents an analysis of the current situation and contains suggestions for actions that should be taken in the period up to 2020. While national energy policy will still be required, it can only be successful if global aspects are not neglected. This includes the consideration of the responsibility of the industrial nations for third world countries. The energy concept presented here intends to take account of the decisive global aspects. [German] Die Darstellung der globalen Aspekte stuetzt sich auf die Standortbestimmung 2000 des Weltenergierates 'Energy for Tomorrow's World - Acting Now.'. Diese Standortbestimmung unterzieht die Anfang der 90er Jahre erschienene globale Studie des Weltenergierates einer kritischen Ueberpruefung, stellt Abweichungen von den damals angenommenen Entwicklungsperspektiven fest und gibt vor allem konkrete Handlungsempfehlungen fuer die Zeit bis zum Jahr 2020, also fuer die Zeitspanne, die konkret ueberschaubar und gestaltbar ist. Die neue Standortbestimmung des Weltenergierates unterstreicht, dass nationale Energiepolitik zwar weiterhin notwendig ist, aber nur dann auf Dauer erfolgreich sein wird, wenn sie auf diese globalen Aspekte ausgerichtet ist. Dazu gehoert auch, dass westliche, entwickelte Laender sich bewusst sind, dass eine nationale Energiepolitik zu Lasten der Dritten Welt nicht nur keine Zukunft hat, sondern vor allem nicht zu verantworten ist. Dies gilt natuerlich ebenso fuer die Umweltpolitik. An diesen Massstaeben wird sich auch das konkrete Energiekonzept messen lassen muessen, das nun fuer die Bundesrepublik Deutschland auf der Basis des 'Energiedialogs 2000' erarbeitet werden soll. Mit der hier vorgelegten Publikation will das Deutsche Nationale Komitee des Weltenergierates dazu beitragen, dass in diesem Energiekonzept die

  16. La violence sexuelle envers les enfants est-elle en baisse au Canada? Résultats d’enquêtes rétrospectives représentatives à l’échelle nationale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Shields

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : Selon de nombreuses sources de données, la violence sexuelle envers les enfants (VSE est en baisse aux États-Unis depuis le début des années 1990. Il semble par ailleurs qu’elle ait connu une hausse après la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Cette étude a pour but de faire l’examen des estimations de prévalence des cas de violence sexuelle durant l’enfance (VSdE signalés rétrospectivement dans le cadre de deux enquêtes nationales représentatives menées auprès de la population canadienne. Méthodologie : Les données proviennent de 13 931 répondants de 18 à 76 ans interrogés dans le cadre de l’enquête GENACIS (Gender, Alcohol and Culture: An International Study – Canada de 2004-2005 et de 22 169 résidents âgés de 18 ans et plus ayant participé à l’Enquête sur la santé dans les collectivités canadiennes – Santé mentale (ESCC – Santé mentale de 2012. Nous présentons des comparaisons de la prévalence de la VSdE par sexe et par groupe d’âge à la fois entre ces deux enquêtes et au sein de chacune. Résultats : Les résultats des deux enquêtes indiquent une baisse de la VSE depuis 1993, qui va de pair avec la baisse observée aux États-Unis. Il ressort également des résultats que le risque de VSE était plus élevé entre 1946 et 1992 qu’avant 1946. Les données sont plus solides pour les femmes. Conclusion : Constater une baisse de la VSE au Canada depuis le début des années 1990 est encourageant, étant donné les effets débilitants à long terme qui sont associés à la VSE. Une surveillance continue est essentielle. Ces effets négatifs à long terme sont la preuve de l’importance de poursuivre sur cette lancée, pour passer d’un risque faible à un risque nul.

  17. Mouvement maya et culture nationale au Guatemala

    OpenAIRE

    Shelton H. Davis

    2014-01-01

    Introduction En 1981, l’anthropologue mexicain Guillermo Bonfil Batalla publiait une collection de textes écrits par plusieurs jeunes leaders d’organisations indigènes qui mettaient en avant l’émergence d’une nouvelle forme de conscience ethnique parmi les quelque 40  millions d’indigènes d’Amérique latine. Durant la précédente décade, ces leaders et organisations avaient commencé à contester la vision conventionnelle selon laquelle la région était composée d’États-nations monolithiques qui a...

  18. De Haagse School en het nationale landschap

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Krul

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Wessel Krul, The Hague School and the national landscapeFrom the 1870s onward, the so-called ‘Hague School’ was credited with the invention of a type of landscape painting which was felt to be truly national, in the sense that it realistically depicted the atmospheric qualities of the Dutch countryside. This connection between painting and national identity retained its influence until far into the twentieth century. The main characteristics of the new landscape painting were said to be ‘simplicity and veracity’. These ideals, however, had already been propagated in Dutch art criticism for a very long time. Wessel Krul examines the relationship between the changing concept of national identity in the Netherlands and the evolution of landscape painting from the Biedermeier style of B.C. Koekkoek and his followers to the new ‘realism’ of the Hague School. The identification of the new landscape painting with modern national sentiments was closely connected with the rise of the progressive liberal movement in the 1870s. Although the idea seemed convincing to several generations, the conception of the Hague School as the ‘true expression’ of the Dutch nation was as much a myth as the attempts at nationalism in painting that preceded it.

  19. Caries og de nye nationale indkaldeintervaller

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ekstrand, Kim; Bruun, Gitte; Bakhshandeh, Azam

    2015-01-01

    obligatorisk at gøre under de nye retningslinjer. Det gennemgås, hvilke behandlinger der er relevante for patienten i forhold til de tre cariesdiagnoser: Caries dentalis progressiva superficialis (CS), Caries dentalis progressiva media (CM) og Caries dentalis progressiva profunda (CP). Diagnoserne angiver...

  20. De Nationale Cholesteroltest: vooral gezonde deelnemers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Deutekom, M.; Aziz, Y.; van Dis, I.; Stronks, K.; Bossuyt, P. M. M.

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To determine, in people who participated in the Netherlands Heart Foundation's National Cholesterol Test in supermarkets, risk factors for cardiovascular disease and expectations concerning the test result using a questionnaire, and to compare their cholesterol levels with reference

  1. Reconstruire une identité nationale

    OpenAIRE

    Nanta, Arnaud

    2013-01-01

    Après 1945 se développent au Japon des discours identitaires soulignant la spécificité, l’homogénéité et la continuité raciale du peuple japonais depuis la Préhistoire, appuyés par les développements de l’anthropologie physique. After WWII, speeches about identity placed emphasize on the specificity, the racial homogeneity and the continuity of the Japanese people since prehistoric times. They were supported by developments in physical anthropology.

  2. Overheidsmaatregelen en het toezicht van nationale mededingingsautoriteiten

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verschuur, S.

    2010-01-01

    When competition authorities investigate anti-competitive conduct of undertakings, they can be confronted with state measures that have contributed to this conduct. In the CIF judgment the Court of Justice (‘Court’) has held that national competition authorities (‘NCAs’) have to disapply such state

  3. Didier NOURRISSON [dir.], Éducation à la santé XIXe-XXe siècle, collection « Santé, social, histoire », Rennes, École nationale de santé publique, 2002, 158 p.

    OpenAIRE

    Verney-Carron, Nicole

    2009-01-01

     « Les jeunes Français ne sont pas assez éduqués à la santé » , titrait récemment un article du Monde en écho à un rapport de l’Académie nationale de médecine. Ce rapport signalait que les jeunes Français sont parmi ceux qui, dans l’Union européenne « fument le plus, consomment le plus de cannabis, meurent le plus d’accidents de la circulation, se suicident le plus, boivent le plus » . Face à ce constat, l’Académie de médecine préconise une politique volontariste de prévention « dès la petite...

  4. Légitimer la participation des femmes à l’effort de guerre en zone nationale pendant la guerre d’Espagne : vers la notion de « guerre totale »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Aline Barrachina

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Pendant la guerre civile espagnole, l’urgence sanitaire et sociale conduit les femmes de la zone nationale à se mobiliser derrière des associations confessionnelles ou partisanes afin de  participer à l’effort de guerre. Or les forces qui soutenaient le soulèvement antirépublicain fondaient leur conception de l’Etat et de la société sur une stricte répartition des espaces privés et public, ce dernier étant exclusivement réservé aux hommes. Il convenait donc de dépoussiérer ces principes afin de les rendre cohérents avec la réalité du terrain, sans pour autant enfreindre trop visiblement l’ordre national et catholique. La reconnaissance par Franco du Secours social (2 février 1937, puis la création du Service social présenté comme l équivalent féminin du service militaire (décret du 7 octobre 1937 sont les premières étapes du processus d’officialisation d’un devoir national de présence des femmes dans l’espace public à des fins exclusives d’assistance, et sous le strict contrôle de l’Etat national et catholique. Ce devoir national, la presse féminine se chargera d’en préciser les limites dans une dernière étape qui se poursuit après guerre, en exaltant un modèle de femme espagnole dont l’unique aspiration, quand l’urgence l’oblige à accomplir de grandes choses au nom de la foi et de la patrie, serait de retrouver au plus vite la quiétude du foyer où réside sa vocation première et transcendante. C’est la théorie de la « guerre totale » qui arrache les femmes à leur nature, le temps d’une guerre.During the Spanish civil war, due to a lack of sanitary and social services, the women of the national zone had to support the war effort. But the forces that supported the antirepublican uprising had a conception of the state and society strictly divided between private and public spaces, this being exclusively for men. So it was necessary to get rid of these principles to adjust

  5. Centro industrial para la «Compagnie des Lampes», en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aymerich, Manuel

    1966-02-01

    Full Text Available The second stage of this building, constructed in the Vallecas district of Madrid, includes the workshops for the manufacture of lamp ferrules, with sections for the presses, forging and heat treatment, carbonate stores, mixes, polishing, production control, and other operations. There are also loading and packing zones, offices, first aid room, dressing rooms and services. The plan distribution, and spatial arrangement of this industrial establishment exhibit a formal and functional agile dynamism that is highly becoming.Esta nueva edificación—segunda fase—, construida en Vallecas y destinada a la fabricación de casquillos, consta en esencia de las siguientes zonas: zona de taller propiamente dicha, que alberga las secciones de prensas, mecánica, fragua y tratamientos, almacén de carbonatos, mezclas, vitrita, abrillantado, control, etc.; zona de almacenes, en conexión con los muelles para carga de camiones y carros; y la zona que aloja las oficinas, enfermería, vestuarios y servicios. Tanto la distribución de la planta como la composición de volúmenes resultan de una agilidad notable, ya que, además de su movimiento formal, expresa con sinceridad la función específica de cada cuerpo.

  6. Emergence des compagnies de transport des passagers sur la RN1 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'inconfort et l'amateurisme de ces moyens artisanaux de transport ont cependant, amené certains opérateurs économiques à penser à la modernisation de ce secteur d'activité d'où la création des entreprises modernes de mobilité. Elles sont pourvues des moyens modernes de circulation qui tranchent avec ceux sollicités ...

  7. Il giro del mondo in 80 euro. Liberalizzazione e compagnie aeree a basso costo

    OpenAIRE

    Piga Claudio; Polo Michele

    2003-01-01

    Low cost airlines, born more than 20 years ago in the US, have experienced in the last years a fresh start in UK and, more recently, in other European countries. This paper reviews the main characteristics and perspectives of the low cost segment of the airline industry. The original business model adopts a "light" and original organizational form, with a 40-60% reduction in unit costs with respect to the traditional carriers, allowing an aggressive and rich pricing strategy. The low cost air...

  8. Sous l’empire de la folie : Moby-Dick, Shakespeare & compagnie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Imbert

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This article aims at translating Moby-Dick back into Shakespeare’s ornate lingo, and back again into a Swiftian or Sternian brand of “jabberwocky,” in order to expose the sheer nonsense that underlies lame attempts at standing for the Body Politic called Leviathan, understanding it, or making sense of the whale as a whole.Melville emprunte à Shakespeare le motif de la volonté de puissance, du rêve d’empire sous l’emprise de la folie du pouvoir. Le drame d’Achab est de s’ériger en maître absolu face au Leviathan et de s’ignorer possédé par la folle du logis, l’hysterica passio qui habite Lear et qui lui souffle, dans tous les sens du terme, son rêve dément de domination. L’histoire cherche à se répéter sur le modèle des tragédies de Shakespeare mais finit par dégénérer en farce. Le délire de Pip achève de la faire sombrer dans le non-sens.

  9. El sueño de la nación produce ensayos: el ensayismo de reflexión nacional de Joan Fuster Le songe de la nation produit des essais : la réflexion nationale de Joan Fuster

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Rodríguez Milán

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Le présent article analyse les origines intellectuelles de l’écrivain espagnol Joan Fuster i Ortells (1922-1992 et les caractéristiques essentielles de son abondante production écrite de «réflexion nationale» c'est-à-dire, les essais de Fuster concernant l’histoire et la culture de la Catalogne, son présent, son avenir et ses conflits avec le nationalisme culturel espagnol.El presente artículo analiza los orígenes intelectuales del escritor español Joan Fuster i Ortells (1922-1992 y las características esenciales de su abundante producción escrita de «reflexión nacional» –es decir los ensayos de Fuster referidos a la historia y la cultura de Cataluña, su presente, su porvenir y sus conflictos con el nacionalismo cultural español.The article studies the intellectual origins of the Spanish writer Joan Fuster i Ortells (1922-1992 and the main characteristics of his abundant written production related to «reflecting upon the nation» –this is the essays Joan Fuster dedicates to the history and culture of Catalonia, its present, its future and its conflicts with the Spanish cultural nationalism.

  10. Panorama of the petroleum industry; Panorama de l'industrie petroliere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-02-15

    This document provides tables and charts of statistical data concerning the petroleum industry activity in 2003: supply and demand, prices, consumption, service station number, the market and the environmental stakes. (A.L.B.)

  11. Panorama of the petroleum industry; Panorama de l'industrie petroliere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-02-15

    This document provides tables and charts of statistical data concerning the petroleum industry activity in 2004: supply and demand, prices, consumption, service station number and the market. (A.L.B.)

  12. Petroleum microbiology. Concepts. Environmental implications. Industrial applications; Microbiologie petroliere. Concepts. Implications environnementales. Applications industrielles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vandecasteele, J.P.

    2005-03-01

    Hydrocarbons and their derivatives (in particular oxygenated or chlorinated), natural or xenobiotic, represent a huge class of compounds. The transformations and degradations of these compounds by micro-organisms cover a particularly rich domain presented in this book. The evolution of these concepts during the last 20 years has revealed the importance of the processes involved at the environmental level, and has multiplied the industrial applications. The present day realizations and developments in the domain of microbial hydrocarbons conversion are presented. Content: Volume 1 - microbial physiology and ecology, natural hydrocarbons in the environment, methane and C1 compounds microbiology, biodegradation of aliphatic and ali-cyclic hydrocarbons, biodegradation of mono-aromatic and chloro-aromatic hydrocarbons, biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Volume 2 - halogenated hydrocarbons and their biodegradation, biodegradation of ethers - the case of ether-fuels, biodegradation of hydrocarbons in the environment, applications of molecular biology and proteins engineering to hydrocarbons degradation, biological cleansing treatments, microbiology of oil reservoirs, applications of petroleum microbiology to chemical synthesis, microbiological desulfurization of petroleum products. Appendix: composition of petroleum products. (J.S.)

  13. Violence of the oil income. Algeria, Iraq, Libya; Violence de la rente petroliere. Algerie, Irak, Libye

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martinez, L. [CERI-Sciences Po, 75006 - Paris (France)

    2010-07-01

    During the 1970's, thanks to oil exploitation income, Algeria, Iraq and Libya seemed to be engaged in an accelerated modernization process. Petroleum was the blessing that would allow these states to catch up on their economic gap. Algeria was introduced as a 'Mediterranean dragon', Libya as an 'emirate' and Iraq as the leading military power of the Arab world. On the political side, the progressive socialism made one think that deep social transformations were in progress. Several decades later, the disappointment is painful. The prosperity feeling has led these countries into political, economic and military impasses with disastrous consequences for their populations. This book analyses the reasons that have led to this political/economical/social situation. The questions are: how can these countries get rid of deep reforms without any risk of social explosion, and how can the European Union export its standards and values and protect its gas imports at the same time?

  14. US oil dependency and energy security; Dependance petroliere et securite energetique americaine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noel, P. [Institut francais des Relations Internationals, 75 - Paris (France)]|[Universite Pierre Mendes-France-IEPE-CNRS, 38 - Grenoble (France)

    2002-07-01

    The three papers of this document were written in the framework of a seminar organized the 30 may 2002 by the IFRI in the framework of its program Energy and Climatic Change. The first presentation deals with the american oil policy since 1980 (relation between the oil dependence and the energy security, the Reagan oil policy, the new oil policy facing the increase of the dependence). The second one deals with the US energy security (oil security, domestic energy security, policy implications). The last presentation is devoted to the US oil dependence in a global context and the problems and policies of international energy security. (A.L.B.)

  15. The United States facing their petroleum dependence; Les Etats-Unis face a leur dependance petroliere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noel, P. [Institut francais des Relations Internationals, 75 - Paris (France); Universite Pierre Mendes-France-IEPE-CNRS, 38 - Grenoble (France)

    2002-06-01

    In the framework of ''the energy crisis of 2000-2001'', the Cheney report and the petroleum dependence, this study presents a critical examination of the United States petroleum situation, its perception in the american political milieu and the public policies implementing during the last ten years. The first section is devoted to the petroleum supply. In the second section, the american petroleum policy and the energy safety are studied. (A.L.B.)

  16. Russian Arctic Petroleum Resources; Ressources petrolieres de l'Arctique russe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zolotukhin, A.; Gavrilov, V. [Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, GSP-1, Leninsky prospekt, 65, 119991, Moscow - (Russian Federation)

    2011-07-01

    The Arctic continental shelf is believed to be the area with the highest unexplored potential for oil and gas as well as for unconventional hydrocarbon resources such as gas hydrates. Despite a common view that the Arctic has plentiful of hydrocarbon resources, there are ongoing debates regarding the potential of this region as a future energy supply base. Driving forces for such discussions are geopolitics, environmental concern, assessment and delineation of Arctic resources, technology available for their successful development and the market demand for energy supply. The Russian part is recognized to be the largest among oil and gas resources owned by Arctic nations. However, scarce information and available geological data create uncertainty regarding a future role of the Russian Arctic as main base of energy supply in the second part of the 21. century. A further uncertainty is the pace at which production from northern areas including the Arctic will be brought on stream - either because of national policy, infrastructure development or investment by the state and the oil companies. These areas embrace those where development has already been started (Offshore Sakhalin, northern Timan Pechora) and those awaiting future involvement, like Barents and Pechora seas, East Siberia, Yamal, Kara Sea and Kamchatka. Offshore production levels are likely to be very important to Russia in mid and long terms, especially as most (if not all) production will go for export and, in the process, open doors to new markets. In this way, offshore production will introduce a new and very significant component to Russia's export strategy. However, active involvement of the Russian Arctic resources in the global energy supply process needs a detailed analysis and clear understanding of the market potential for Russian gas and oil (required volumes, time frame, transportations routes) and requires close attention of the government to the most important issues that should be in place, like national standards and guidelines for Arctic resources development, stable, transparent and predictable law as a necessary precondition for massive investments in exploration and production and, not least, active involvement of foreign companies in development of Arctic resources that could bring along with investments an indispensable competence and experience, available technology and Health, Safety and Environment (HSE) principles. Development of oil and gas fields in the arctic seas located few hundreds miles from shore is according to expert opinion the most challenging project in the world. Without international cooperation, coordination of all activities and use of modern and proven technologies for production of hydrocarbons, their transport, efficient safety and environmental protection tools the realization of such a project would be questionable. (authors)

  17. Petroleum industry in 2004; L'industrie petroliere en 2004

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This document presents a detailed outlook of the petroleum industry in the world and more particularly in France in 2005: evolution of crude oil prices; petroleum exploration and production in the world and in France; the French para-petroleum and petroleum industry; the oil supplies; the refining activities; the evolution of products quality and the substitution fuels; the domestic transports, the storage and consumption of petroleum products; the fiscality, prices and distribution of petroleum products. (J.S.)

  18. The petroleum industry in 2005; L'industrie petroliere en 2005

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    This document provides information on the petroleum industry for the year 2005. It discusses the world gas and petroleum markets, the world and french petroleum exploration and production, the petroleum and byproducts industry in France, the hydrocarbons supplying, the refining in France, the evolution of the products and fuels substitution quality, the internal transports of petroleum products, the storage consumption and taxes of petroleum products, the prices and distribution of the petroleum products. (A.L.B.)

  19. The petroleum industry in 2003; L'industrie petroliere en 2003

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    This 2004 edition of the petroleum industry activities presents results and data concerning the crude oil prices evolution, the petroleum exploration and production in france and in the world, the para-petroleum industry, the hydrocarbons supplies, the refining, the quality evolution of the substitution products and fuels, the internal transports of petroleum products, the petroleum products storage, the petroleum products consumption, the petroleum products prices and taxation, the petroleum products distribution. (A.L.B.)

  20. 1996 petroleum exploration and production in France; 1996 recherche et production petrolieres en France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-12-31

    A detailed analysis and data compilations on petroleum exploration and production activities in France in 1996, are presented. Acreage evolution is decreasing despite a growth of new exploration licenses; a significant rise in the activity of seismic surveying has occurred, while exploration drilling activity (onshore only), equivalent to the previous year, led to two oil discoveries, and the investments in exploration showed a decrease of 28 percent compared to 1995. Production is declining for oil as well as natural gas (15 and 12 percent decrease resp.), while production investments dropped very sharply showing a reduction of 48 percent

  1. Oil supply and demand - Panorama 2008; L'offre et la demande petrolieres - Panorama 2008

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    The crude price variations of the last five years might be compared to the movements of a ball bouncing in an elevator. At regular intervals, a new high is reached, setting a record soon to be broken in turn. For each 'bounce', we might try to identify the conjuncture reasons responsible for pushing prices upwards, but there is always another new high, because the elevator has not finished going up. The price of US$ 100/bbl was reached 'by accident' at the beginning of 2008. Prices will stay high in future, and this record will inevitably be left behind for good in the next few years. Supply, limited in its nature, is inadequate in the face of needs infinite in their desires. This has placed the crude price on a growth path whose direction could only be changed, it would seem, by massive development of replacement fuels or very large gains in energy efficiency. That is, unless the world economy were hit by a major economic crisis.

  2. Petroleum industry. 1997 activity report; L`industrie Petroliere. Rapport d`activite 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-05-01

    This activity report from the direction of hydrocarbons of the French general direction of energy and raw materials (ministry of economy, finances and industry) presents an economic analysis of the activities of the French petroleum industry for 1997. After a recall of the missions of the direction of hydrocarbons, the report analyses successively: 1- the evolution of the petroleum market: the international petroleum market in 1997, the hydrocarbon supplies and external trade (natural gas, crude oil, condensates), the French petroleum market (primary energy consumption, final energy consumption, French petroleum consumption, the petroleum logistics in overseas departments and territories), the prices, margins and fiscal policy in France and Europe (crude oil and refined product prices in the international market, retail prices in France and Europe, the French petroleum fiscal policy, statistics of petroleum prices in France and Europe; 2- the petroleum industry activities: exploration and production in France and worldwide, the maritime and domestic transports and the storage (French commercial fleet, domestic transports, storage facilities, strategic stocks), the refining activity and the quality of products and fuel substitutes (refining, automotive fuels quality, bio-fuels), the distribution of petroleum products (automotive and diesel fuels, LPG, aircraft fuels, lubricants); 3- the environmental and safety aspects of refining, transportation (pipelines, tanker-ships) and exploration-production; 4- the economic situation of the companies: petroleum groups, French para-petroleum industry, scientific and technical research. (J.S.)

  3. The petroleum industry in 2001; L'industrie petroliere en 2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    This economic analysis presents the 2001 highlights and key-data of the world petroleum industry: evolution of crude prices, exploration and production worldwide, petroleum exploration and production in France, para-petroleum industry, hydrocarbon supplies, refining activity, evolution of quality of products and fuel substitutes, domestic transports, storage, consumption, fiscality, prices and distribution of petroleum products. (J.S.)

  4. Russian oil policy under Putin in perspective; La politique petroliere Russe sous Poutine en perspective

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rossiaud, S. [Universite Pierre Mendes-France, Lab. d' Economie de la Production et de l' Integration Internationale, CNRS, 38 - Grenoble (France)

    2009-07-15

    This article intends to explain and evaluate the interactions between the three developments which have structured the Russian oil industry since the beginning of V. Putin's second presidential term of office: the slowing down in production growth as well as the absolute decline of the latter observed in 2008, the reorganization of this industry marked by the increasing role of public oil companies and, finally, the adjustments made to the contractual arrangements surrounding the activities of the upstream oil sector. It has shown, on one hand, that the decline in current production is the result of the exhaustion of short term strategies by private Russian companies, and on the other hand, that the contract adjustments are insufficient to allow the Russian companies to adjust to more long term strategies. From this perspective, the increased role played by public oil companies can be analysed as an organisational response to this institutional dead-end. (author)

  5. US oil policy and energy security; Politique petroliere americaine et securite energetique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noel, P

    2002-05-15

    Although the energy dependence reached its historical maximum and will continue to increase for the next 20 years, the USA keep their oil policy. For the economist this policy is reasonable because of the poor room for the US imports reduction costs. To explain these conclusions the author discusses on the following topics: the links between the oil dependence and the energy security, the oil policy after Reagan, the oil policy evolution - or no evolution - facing the increasing dependency and the Cheney report. (A.L.B.)

  6. The petroleum industry in 2002; L'industrie petroliere en 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    This document presents the petroleum industry situation in 2002 on the following topics: the evolution of the crude oil prices, the world petroleum exploration and production, the french petroleum exploration and production, the para-petroleum industry, the supplies in hydrocarbons, the refining, the evolution of the products quality and the substitution fuels, the internal transportation of petroleum products, the petroleum products storage and the crisis management, the petroleum products consumption, the taxation of the petroleum products, the prices of the petroleum products, the distribution of the petroleum products. (A.L.B.)

  7. Solid/liquid dispersions in drilling and production; Fluides charges en forage et production petroliere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peysson, Y. [Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP), 92 - Rueil-Malmaison (France)

    2004-07-01

    To reach the new oil and gas fields, the oil industry is developing more and more sophisticated drilling and production schemes. Wells trajectories are now deviated, horizontal, with high extended reach, multi-branched, ultra deep offshore, etc. Extended reach wells are up to 10 km and offshore drilling is close to 3000 m of water depth. In these cases, drilling and production techniques are pushed to the limits. The operating conditions, the properties of the different materials employed must be controlled and operated in a more accurate way. This is the case for solid/liquid dispersions that are common in these operations: drilling, fluids, cements, hydrates dispersions oil and gas phases, sand venue with reservoir fluids, etc. These mixtures present some specific properties that can be at the limit between solid or liquid behaviour. For particular conditions the solid phase can create structures able to support large stresses and in others circumstances the mixture can flow like a viscous paste. Modeling of these characteristics is not easy and needs to use knowledge of different areas: Theology, physico-chemistry, hydrodynamics. thermodynamics, etc. In this revue, different systems used in the drilling and production industry will be discussed. Main properties of these systems and different development conducted by IFP will be addressed. (authors)

  8. Fantaisie réticulaire.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Poncet

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Les images publicitaires ne dédaignent pas d’avoir recours aux cartes pour livrer leurs messages. Les exemples sont fréquents, étonnamment fréquents d’ailleurs, en comparaison de la production et de l’usage des cartes dans d’autres contextes— y compris chez les professionnels de la carte —, où l’objet et souvent craint, perçu comme un problème autant que comme une solution. Cette publicité pour la compagnie aérienne nationale malaise (Malaysia airlines était ...

  9. La genèse de la première organisation prochinoise au Pérou (1963-1964. Idéologie et acteurs de la IVème conférence nationale du Parti Communiste péruvien (janvier 1964

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available La création de la première organisation prochinoise au Pérou à l’issue de la IVème conférence nationale du Parti Communiste Péruvien marque-t-elle la victoire de la majorité des militants attachés à la pureté du marxisme-léninisme sur le “révisionnisme” des partisans de Moscou comme l’affirment les historiographes maoïstes ? L’analyse de l’articulation de la polémique idéologique sino-soviétique sur la lutte interne du P.C.P. démontre que l’idéologie est davantage un moyen pour justifier l’expulsion d’un ennemi commun - la “vieille garde” qui accapare la direction du Parti - qu’un trait d’union entre partisans de la IVème conférence nationale. GENESIS DE LA PRIMERA ORGANIZACIÓN PROCHINA EN EL PERÚ (1963-1964. IDEOLOGÍA Y ACTORES DE LA IVA CONFERENCIA NACIONAL DEL PARTIDO COMUNISTA PERUANO (ENERO DE 1964. La primera organización pro-china que nace en el Perú con la IVa conferencia nacional del Partido Comunista Peruano sería, como lo afirman los historiógrafos maoístas, el desenlace victorioso de la lucha que la mayoría de los militantes peruanos han desarrollado contra el “revisionismo” de los partidarios de Moscú en su afán de preservar la pureza del marxismo-leninismo. La manera cómo la polémica china-soviética se incorpora a la lucha interna que divide al P.C.P. nos demuestra que la ideología sirve más para justificar la expulsión de la “vieja guardia” de la dirección del Partido que para unificar a los partidarios de la IVa conferencia nacional mismos. THE GENESIS OF THE FIRST PRO-CHINESE ORGANIZATION IN PERU (1963-1964. IDEOLOGY AND ACTORS OF THE IVTH NATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE PERUVIAN COMMUNIST PARTY (JANUARY 1964. Does the birth of the first pro-Chinese organization at the Peruvian Communist Party’s IVth conference mark, as Maoists historiographers assert the victory of the majority of the Peruvian communists over the “revisionists” pledged to Moscow in order to preserve the

  10. Les scénarios de localisation des capitales, révélateurs des conceptions de l’unité nationale Os cenários para a localização de capitais, um revelador das concepções da unidade nacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Géraldine Djament-Tran

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available L’étude comparée de la localisation des capitales nationales constitue à la fois un problème d’analyse spatiale et un enjeu géopolitique, dans la mesure où les scénarios récurrents de localisation révèlent les conceptions de l’unité nationale des acteurs politiques. Plusieurs scénarios de localisation sont identifiés et représentés graphiquement dans cet article qui se fonde sur la confrontation de plusieurs débats, notamment les débats italien de la seconde moitié du XIXe siècle et allemand de 1991 : les scénarios de la capitale au centre, de la capitale frontalière, de la capitale historique, de la capitale de mission et de la capitale charnière. Ils sont susceptibles de s’appliquer ou de se combiner pour expliquer la localisation actuelle des capitales. Dans un second temps sont examinées les relations entre territoire et politique que manifeste la localisation de la capitale. Le choix d’une capitale forte ou faible, d’une ville nouvelle ou d’une ville ancienne, d’une grande ou d’une petite ville, d’une capitale unique ou partagée se révèle indissociable du débat entre centralisme et fédéralisme et soulève in fine la question du déterminisme géographique. L’article plaide conclusivement pour une étude systématique des rapports entre capitale et construction nationale.O estudo comparativo da localização das capitais nacionais é tanto um problema de análise espacial quanto uma questão geopolítica, já que os cenários recorrentes de localização revelam as concepções de unidade nacional dos atores políticos. Vários cenários de localização são identificados e traçado neste artigo que se baseia na comparação de vários debates, incluindo os debates italiano da segunda metade do século XIX e alemão de 1991: cenários da capital no centro, da cidade de fronteira, da capital histórica, da capital de missão e da capital dobradiça. Eles são susceptíveis de ser aplicados

  11. ÉVOLUTION DE LA RÉPARTITION DES ÉCREVISSES EN FRANCE MÉTROPOLITAINE SELON LES ENQUÊTES NATIONALES MENÉES PAR LE CONSEIL SUPÉRIEUR DE LA PÊCHE DE 1977 À 2001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CHANGEUX T.

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Selon les enquêtes nationales menées par le Conseil supérieur de la pêche depuis 1977 en France métropolitaine, la répartition des espèces d’écrevisses montre que les espèces autochtones (Austropotamobius pallipes, Astacus astacus, Austropotamobius torrentium sont soit rares, soit en forte régression, alors que les espèces introduites (Orconectes limosus, Pacifastacus leniusculus, Procambarus clarkii, Astacus leptodactylus progressent. L’interdiction de transport vivant des espèces introduites, à l’exception d’A. leptodactylus, n’a pas enrayé le phénomène avec une accélération particulière de la progression de P. leniusculus ces cinq dernières années, certainement responsable de la recrudescence des cas de peste (Aphanomyces astaci. Les autres mesures favorisant les espèces autochtones, comme la limitation des prélèvements par pêche et les programmes de réintroduction, n’inversent pas la tendance. Il semble donc nécessaire de développer une politique de conservation centrée sur la préservation de l’habitat et le respect de certaines règles de prophylaxie à déterminer. Cela ne peut s’envisager que sur des bassins versants de petite surface facilement contrôlables s’il existe un fort engagement des autorités locales. Les 55 arrêtés de biotope, et surtout les 154 sites Natura 2000 avec leurs plans de gestion associés, apparaissent comme des voies prometteuses pour mettre en œuvre ce type d’actions en France. Le cas de l’île Corse, récemment colonisée par O. limosus, mériterait des mesures réglementaires particulières pour éviter que P. leniusculus et P. clarkii, ne la suivent dans l’avenir.

  12. Lutte nationale ou fondation étatique ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dyala Hamzah

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Is today’s recentering of the Palestinian “intellectual field” around NGO-activism and at the expense of a (muted marxist rearguard imputable to political as well as social islamist militancy ? Why has the hegemonic presence of “Islam” in the Palestinian “public sphere”, not generated “new Muslim intellectuals”, whose exegetic commitment on the global scene does not preclude national and secular commitments ? Is it because the Palestinian “civil society” has been hindered, since the breakout of the second Intifada, by the disintegration of those infrastructures and institutions granted by the Oslo process and forced into emergency-driven actions—making it difficult for more autonomous discourses, of whatever tendency, to emerge ? This paper approaches these questions by deconstructing, in the Palestinian case, the prerequisits of an intellectual sphere; by delineating the structural constraints under which these actors labour; last, by illustrating their polarisation in the debate over suicide operations.

  13. Nationale Enquête Arbeidsomstandigheden 2016. Methodologie en globale resultaten

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hooftman, W.E.; Mars, G.M.J.; Janssen, B.; Vroome, E.M.M. de; Michiels, J.E.M.; Pleijers, A.J.S.F.; Bossche, S.N.J. van den

    2017-01-01

    Het doel van de NEA is om tegemoet te komen aan de informatiebehoefte op het gebied van arbeid in Nederland van de overheid, werkgevers, vakbonden, brancheorganisaties, etc. Daartoe is het van belang om een aantal aspecten van arbeid periodiek na te vragen bij werknemers om trends te kunnen volgen.

  14. der lange Weg nationaler Sprachen aus der Verbannung

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Territorien des Hinterlandes2 kamen viele andere bis dato selbständige kleine Nationen (und damit andere Sprachen) hinzu. Damit begann die Koexistenz der kamerunischen Sprachen mit den indo-europäischen Sprachen in Kamerun. Als erste Fremdsprache wurde Deutsch eingeführt. Nach dem Verlust der Kolonie ...

  15. Nationale Kapitalanlagengarantien als Instrumente zur Förderung von Direktinvestitionen

    OpenAIRE

    Stern, Thomas

    1988-01-01

    Wegen ihres hohen entwicklungspolitischen Stellenwertes ist die Steigerung von Direktinvestitionen als langfristiges Instrument zur Verbesserung der Verschuldenssituation der Länder der Dritten Welt anerkannt. Trotz dieser Erkenntnis blieben die Direktinvestitionen in Richtung der Entwicklungsländer in den letzten fünf Jahren hinter den Erwartungen zurück und erreichten lediglich einen Anteil von ca. 12 % an den Gesamtkapitalströmen. Wichtige Motive für die Zurückhaltung der Investoren in die...

  16. Nationale Enquête Arbeidsomstandigheden 2014. Methodologie en globale resultaten

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hooftman, W.E.; Mars, G.M.J.; Janssen, B.; Vroome, E.M.M. de; Bossche, S.N.J. van den

    2015-01-01

    Van alle werknemers zegt 23 procent dat zij nieuwe kennis of vaardigheden missen die belangrijk zijn om het werk goed te kunnen doen. Het gaat hierbij bijvoorbeeld om technologische en organisatorische kennis en vaardigheden. Werknemers die dit aangeven, zijn minder tevreden, zijn vaker ziek en

  17. Validering van standaardvraagstelling voeding voor Lokale en Nationale Monitor Volksgezondheid

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brink CL van den; Ocke MC; Houben AW; Nierop P van; Droomers M; GGD Westelijke Mijnstreek,; GGD Eindhoven, Eindhoven; PZO; CVG

    2005-01-01

    The questions in the standardized questionnaire on food consumption used for the Public Health Monitor in the Netherlands were shown to be valid for the consumption of fruit and fruit juice, while questions on the consumption of vegetables were less accurate. The project "Local and National Public

  18. Effecten van klimaat op gezondheid : Actualisatie voor de Nationale Adaptatiestrategie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wuijts S; Vros AC; Schets FM; Braks MAH; DDB; M&V

    2014-01-01

    Klimaatverandering kán de volksgezondheid beïnvloeden. De consequenties daarvan kunnen onder bepaalde omstandigheden groot zijn. Zo kunnen hittegolven, die meer ziekte- en sterfgevallen tot gevolg hebben, vaker voorkomen en vorstperioden juist minder vaak. Ook is het mogelijk dat het

  19. Inleiding. De internationalisering van de nationale geschiedenis en de verzuiling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. te Velde

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The Internationalization of the National History and the PillarizationEfforts to approach Dutch political history from an international perspective have been going on for a long time. This has worked rather well for the early modern period, before the national state existed in a modern form. Nevertheless, applying this to the last few centuries remains a challenge. This is because this period was dominated by the national state and historiography was focussed on the state from the very beginning. Eliminating the national aspect from historiography altogether would not be a desirable course of action. However, it is necessary to be aware of the effects it has, and each generation has its own way of doing this. Nowadays, international comparisons and the history of transfers offer new opportunities. It is against this backdrop that the introduction explains how pillarization expanded to become the Dutch Sonderweg and how a new approach towards political history can compensate for the disadvantages of this perspective.

  20. 76 FR 555 - Keystone Holdings, LLC and Compagnie de Saint-Gobain; Analysis of Proposed Agreement Containing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-05

    ... sensitive personal information, such as ] an individual's Social Security Number; date of birth; driver's... certain other assets owned or controlled by Saint-Gobain relating to the research, development, marketing... to the Commission prior to leasing or selling the Latrobe, Pennsylvania facility or selling...

  1. Het VOC-bedrijf op Ceylon : een voorname vestiging van de Oost-Indische Compagnie in de 18de eeuw

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Belt, Albert van den

    2008-01-01

    This dissertation deals with four aspects of the Dutch East India Company’s (VOC) presence at the settlement of Ceylon in the eighteenth century. The net-profit of the island for the parent company in The Netherlands, the system of bookkeeping and the resulting insights in the proceeds of the

  2. Le grand Architecte della Compagnie Pseudonymo (2013 e Sonno della compagnia OPERA (2011: due modalità narrative a confronto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Raffo

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This article wants to argue that the two theatrical shows, Sonno from the Italian company OPERA, and Le Grand Architecte, from the French company Pseudonymo, are model examples of the return to a certain kind of narrative dimension in the contemporary theatre. Over the past years, theatrical theory has often maintained that narrative drama has been completely replaced by visual dramaturgy in contemporary theater. However, an analysis of these two shows suggests that their visual dramaturgy, their construction of sounds and lights, as well as the performer’s actions want to evoke in spectators clear narrative associations. I will set out by presenting the state of the art and the artistic process of the two companies, to then focus on the way in which these two shows produce a wealth of narrative associations in the audience.

  3. The requirements of the petroleum and natural gas industries; Contraintes de l'industrie petroliere et gaziere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Le Brun, S.; Gombart, G.

    2010-09-15

    Never the European petroleum and natural gas industries have had to take up so many challenges: a vital need of new technologies to maintain and increase the reserves, to exploit them, to protect the environment, to save energy, and to apprehend the world geopolitics. (O.M.)

  4. Detailed analysis of petroleum cuts by multidimensional gas chromatography; Analyse detaillee de coupes petrolieres par chromatographie en phase gazeuse multidimensionnelle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vendeuvre, C.

    2006-01-15

    The limitations of petroleum resources implying a better valorisation of crude oil through the optimisation of production, refinery and petrochemistry processes, as well as the environmental regulations have strengthened the necessity of more detailed characterisation of petroleum products. In order to take up this challenge, efficient analytical tools have to be developed. This work demonstrates that comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GCxGC) constitutes a major advance compared to GC owing to its improved resolution power and to the structured chromatograms indicating the polarity and the volatility of hydrocarbons. The principle of GCxGC is based on the analysis of a whole sample in two independent dimensions of separation achieved using two GC columns of different selectivities; between the two columns a modulator device samples, focuses and re-injects small portions of the effluent from the first column into the second one. Since its introduction in 1991, GCxGC has known a rapid growth and has received a wide acceptance by the analytical science community. The competitive situation has considerably evolved during this thesis with the introduction of commercial systems and the two first sessions of an international symposium dedicated to this technique (Volendam, 2003 and Atlanta, 2004). The key points of the thesis concern the development of a GCxGC prototype system using dual jets CO{sub 2} technology and a data processing program; the evaluation of a retention model allowing a rational choice of operating conditions; and the application of this technique to various and complex issues. Thus, effluents from petrochemistry, refinery or pollution areas have been analysed according to the chemical classes of hydrocarbons and to their number of carbon atoms; a new method for obtaining distillation curves for each chemical group was also presented. Furthermore, the hyphenation of GCxGC with a specific sulphur detector revealed a great interest for speciation of sulphured compounds in middle-distillates. At last, the association of an olefin trap with GCxGC allowed to obtained the detailed breakdown of hydrocarbons in a heavy naphtha according to the number of carbon atoms and to the chemical group, which is an unequalled result so far. Improved knowledge of the chemical composition of petroleum feeds and products is then expected to significantly help process modelling, optimisation and control in petrochemistry and refinery. (author)

  5. Petroleum privatization and institutional environment: the Russian example; Privatisation petroliere et environnement institutionnel: l'exemple russe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Locarelli, C.; Finon, D

    2003-09-01

    This paper treats of the reform of the Russian hydrocarbons industry using an institutionalistic approach. The theoretical objective of the privatization is the installation of a growth scheme based on important productivity gains, through large scale re-structuration, investments for the reproduction of oil and gas reserves, and big infrastructures development. The choice of this sector is justified because it represents an extreme case of inadequateness of the measures preconized by the Washington consensus with respect to the institutional environment. Stress has been put on the modification of the property rights of companies. The introduction of market institutions in a transition economy has led to an opportunistic adaptation of the behaviour of private and government actors. There is a clear correlation between the insecurity of property rights in general and the abundance of exploitable and exportable natural resources. Then, the privatization and the limited performance of the hydrocarbons sector in Russia is analyzed in terms of efficiency and long-term strategy, essential for a resources industry to make reserves. The unexpected results of this privatization are explained using an analysis of the market institutions applied to the very specific institutional environment of the Russian economy. Finally, the inadequateness of these institutions with the initial informal institutions has led to adaptations fully dependent of the institutional path with the necessity of preserving a minimum inter-industrial consistency. (J.S.)

  6. Thermodynamics. Application to chemical engineering and petroleum industry; Thermodynamique. Application au genie chimique et a l`industrie petroliere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vidal, J. [Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP), 92 - Rueil-Malmaison (France)]|[Ecole Nationale Superieure du Petrole et des Moteurs (ENSPM), 92 - Rueil-Malmaison (France)

    1997-12-31

    The processes simulation and their optimization assume that the thermodynamic properties and the phase equilibria of the studied mixings are well known. This knowledge is not only based on the experimental measures but also on calculation methods involving the thermodynamics principles. The aim of this book is to describe these methods, their development and their applications in the fields of chemical engineering and petroleum industry. The basic concepts are at first described. Then the author insists on the models which have a predictive character. Some numerical examples specify the application of these notions and of these models. A very important bibliography allows to complete the already acquired knowledge. (O.M.) 473 refs.

  7. Energy markets and petroleum geo-policy, 1990-2030; Marches energetiques et geopolitique petroliere, 1990-2030

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Criqui, P.; Noel, P

    1998-09-01

    The first part of this analyze deals with a presentation of the main energy equilibrium evolution still 2030 with a special interest for the emerging economies in the increase of the world energy demand. The increase of the world energy exchanges and the process of relative concentration of the petroleum offer on the Middle East are also presented. The second part specifies the petroleum case. (A.L.B.)

  8. 1997 annual report. Petroleum research and production in France; Rapport annuel 1997. Recherche et production petrolieres en France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-31

    The efforts expended during the previous years for the renewal of oil and gas exploration in France led to a significant increase in the number of applications for exploration permits: 8 against 2 in 1996. A renewing interest for the French offshore mining acreage is observed in Sea of Iroise, Saint-Pierre and Miquelon and in the Bay of Biscay. The total number of valid production permits has slightly dropped (76 against 77 in 1996) and is divided into 55 concessions and 21 production permits. A 42% decline of exploration investments is observed as compared to the previous year. The geophysical prospecting sector has been particularly affected but the exploration drilling activity has been marked by a new discovery realized with the Tamaris 1D well on the Lege permit held jointly by Esso Rep and Elf Aquitaine. However the level of exploration drilling activity is much lower than in 1996 (3 wells completed against 7 in 1996). A 59% increase in investments production is due to the put on stream of the Courbey discovery (Arcachon basin) and to the arrival of new operators on the French mining acreage. The infill drilling activity has shown a significant increase linked to these events with 8 completed wells. The Paris basin remains the main oil producing area in France (1.026 million tons) but is affected by a 18.2% decline compared with 1996, higher than the Aquitaine basin decline (11.8%). Natural gas production has decreased by 8.4% due to the decline of the Lacq and Meillon main gas fields. (J.S.)

  9. Petroleum production: nitrates for the offshore mining; Production petroliere: les nitrates au service de l'exploitation offshore

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lepetit, V.

    2003-03-01

    This paper is a short presentation of the adaptation of nitrates by Statoil and Norsk Hydro to the exploration and production. This process will allow a higher extraction of crude in better conditions. (A.L.B.)

  10. The oil crisis. Analysis of emergency measures; La crise petroliere. Analyse des mesures d'urgence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Durand, B

    2009-07-01

    The oil crisis has become a familiar topic, regularly evoked for more than 35 years. It seems to have generated deep changes in our societies (electronuclear program, energy saving campaigns, alternative energy projects..) and seems at the same time insignificant or disconnected with the real world as petroleum keeps an even more important place in our life like if it were inexhaustible (increase of the gasoline-fueled or diesel-fueled automobile park, enhanced use of petroleum derivatives..). However, crisis is here, inevitable, lasting, and its paroxysm is very close, even if hidden by the recent economic recession. We have not more than 5 to 10 years in front of us to get prepared and to anticipate its effects. Whatever happens, the available oil quantities will diminish very soon and in a permanent manner. The same situation is going to occur with gas with some years of difference. This book describes and evaluates the main technologies usable to replace oil and gas and shows how time consuming their implementation will be since they are not validated and socially accepted yet. In such conditions the good old energy saving solution is going to remain very topical in the meantime in order to delay the term and make the join with new energy models. Two sectors are particularly concerned: the residential and transportation sectors. (J.S.)

  11. 'Grands Fonds Marins', the French program of deep offshore petroleum research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Naudin, Y.

    1978-01-01

    ''Grands Fonds Marins'', the French program of deep offshore petroleum research, which has been conducted jointly by Compagnie Francaise des Petroles (CRFP), Societe Nationale Elf Aquitaine, and the Institut Francais du Petrole since 1973, include research, development, and testing of techniques for drilling, production, and pipeline transport of oil at depths over 300 m. The pipelaying studies discussed include the testing of the RAT method and the ''J-curve'' method of pipelaying, the new welding techniques now under study, i.e., welding under atmospheric pressure (the WELDAP method) applicable at up to about 1000 m depths, and hyperbaric welding. According to CFP, the minimum rate of economical production at 1000 m depths will be 5000 bbl/day, and the investment and operating costs required will be $200 million to $600 million, and $25 million to $50 million, respectively, depending on the depth.

  12. Annexes

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    ANNEXE 1. LES SEXENNATS PRÉSIDENTIELS AU MEXIQUE Luis Echeverria 1970-1976 José Luis Portillo 1976-1982 Miguel de La Madrid 1982-1988 Carlos Salinas de Gortari 1988-1994 ANNEXE 2. SIGLES ET TERMES SPÉCIFIQUES ALENA Accord de libre échange nord-américain ANAGSA Assurance nationale pour l’agriculture (société anonyme) CCI Confédération paysanne indépendante CEPAL Commission économique pour l’Amérique latine CETES Équivalent des bons du Trésor CFE Compagnie fédérale d’électricité Charros (leader...

  13. « Des enfants de la Grande Famille » ? Les compagnies de gendarmerie autochtones dans le nord de l’Espagne (1810-1813)

    OpenAIRE

    Lepetit, Gildas

    2009-01-01

    L’arrivée dans le nord de l’Espagne des vingt escadrons de gendarmerie impériale créés par le décret impérial du 24 novembre 1809 correspond à la floraison d’unités autochtones aux statuts variés mais disposant d’une appellation en rapport avec l’institution française. Composées de jeunes gens recrutés localement et parfois d’anciens insurgés, elles s’apparentent rapidement à des formes de gardes civiques très éloignées de la gendarmerie française. Destinés à servir de guides et d’interprètes...

  14. Maison, immeuble et compagnie : le singulier pluriel du logement de banlieue : enquêtes dans les Hauts-de-Seine 1840-1940

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antoine Le Bas

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Familier du paysage de proche banlieue parisienne (Hauts-de-Seine, le logement sous appentis a séduit les spéculateurs malgré une promiscuité que rejettent des ouvriers rêvant d’un toit familial. Des philanthropes leur bâtiront des maisons complexes tandis qu’une mixité fonctionnelle (travail, commerce, service de plus en plus rare à Paris, affecte le logement de proche banlieue. En organisant la complexité de l’espace urbain et de ses flux, l’urbanisme opère une distinction fonctionnelle dissolvant cette mixité, par le dépassement des types architecturaux.The tenement building, a familiar type in the suburbs of the Hauts-de-Seine department, close to Paris, was frequently put up by speculative builders, even if the promiscuity they supposed was generally rejected by workers who would have preferred their own, individual homes. Some philanthropical builders offered complex housing types, and buildings associating accommodation and other functions (work, commerce, services affected housing in the suburbs, although such types were rare in the capital itself. Organising the complexity of urban space and its circulations, town planning operated a functional division that dissolved this mixity by going beyond existing building types.

  15. Nationale beginselen? Een transnationale geschiedenis van politiek en grondwet in de negentiende eeuw

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Aerts

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available National Principles? A Transnational History of Politics and the Constitution in the Nineteenth CenturyHow ‘national’ was the political history of the nineteenth century? This question is relevant because it relates to a century steeped in nation-building and nationalism. The article examines both the historiography and the transnational traffic of models for a constitutional order. Paradoxically, it was precisely during this century of nationalism that, more than ever before, the political and constitutional models were of a transnational nature. In general, the Netherlands evolved into an international trend-hopper during the nineteenth century. This also applied to the constitutional process. And yet, against the background of this general trend, the Dutch constitution of 1814/1815 and that of 1848 remained relatively original and were crafted on the basis of the national scene. Moreover, although British, French and Belgian models did indeed feature in the discussions leading up to the revision of the 1848 constitution, they did not play a prominent role. This study invites the audience to reflect upon the nature of ‘national’ as far as this relates to political history and the explanatory frameworks used for it.

  16. Toepassing WAPRO; versie99. Tevens achtergronddocument van de Nationale Milieuverkenning 2000-2030

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mulschlegel JHC; Hart MJ 't; LWD

    2000-01-01

    The study presented here consisted of a small analysis of the water demand in the past and a calculation of future demand using the WAPRO99 model (computer model to calculate projections of water consumption and production). Also described is how WAPRO99 has been used for the National Environmental

  17. National conference of the CLI Presidents; Conference nationale des Presidents de CLI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lacoste, A

    2000-07-01

    This document presents the subjects discussed during the 11. national conference of the CLI Presidents. The subjects are proposed in discussion or speech form. They concern the following matter: the annual result of the factory inspection in the electric power plants; the relations between the CLI (Commission on Local Information) and the CSSIN (Superior Council on the Safety and the Nuclear Information); the Tokai-Mura accident and the teaching brought in France; the crisis exercise of Nogent-sur Seine; a presentation of the future Internet site of the Nuclear Safety Authority. The document also includes a synthesis of the working group reflexions concerning the CLI part in a crisis management and in the public information. (A.L.B.)

  18. Évaluation de l'impact des politiques nationales en vigueur visant la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Social Participation in Health in the Mercosur. The Instituto de la Salud, Medio Ambiente, Economia y Sociedad (ISALUD), with support from IDRC, organized two regional workshops in 2004 and 2005 to discuss the relevance and status of social... View moreSocial Participation in Health in the Mercosur ...

  19. Évaluation de l'impact des politiques nationales en vigueur visant la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Instituto de la Salud, Medio Ambiente, Economia y Sociedad (ISALUD) a organisé, en 2004 et 2005, deux ateliers régionaux pour discuter de l'utilité et de l&... Voir davantageParticipation sociale à la santé au sein du MERCOSUR ...

  20. Élaboration de politiques nationales sur l'accès aux ressources ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Fair access and benefit sharing of genetic resources: national policy development (China, Jordan, Nepal, Peru); Final technical report CGN. Rapports. Fair Access and Benefit Sharing of Genetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge for Rural Livelihood Security: Exploring Appropriate Policies and Laws in Rapidly ...

  1. La presse nationale britannique et le Mandat du Royaume-Uni en Palestine (1922-1939)

    OpenAIRE

    Sergeant, Jean-Claude

    2016-01-01

    Les gouvernements britanniques qui se sont succédé au pouvoir au cours de l’Entre-deux guerres se sont invariablement heurtés à l’insoluble contradiction en germe dans la Déclaration Balfour. De Livres blancs en rapports de commissions, la position des responsables britanniques évoluera vers une plus grande prise en compte des réalités palestiniennes, avant que la Deuxième Guerre mondiale n’impose d’autres priorités.La question palestinienne est globalement peu traitée par la presse britanniq...

  2. La place des enfants dans l'économie nationale | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2 févr. 2011 ... Mme Jones travaille au siège de Save the Children UK, l'organisation internationale non gouvernementale qui coordonne l'analyse et l'application des politiques ... Inévitablement, dans ces cas, les aptitudes des jeunes à tirer profit des avantages liés à une économie plus robuste et à se fabriquer une vie ...

  3. Second national symposium `Thermal solar energy`; Zweites nationales Symposium Thermische Solarenergie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-12-31

    The symposium on thermal solar energy utilization focussed on embracing aspects of thermal solar energy, standardization, testing, quality assurance, and the use of passive solar energy. Each of the 23 papers given at the meeting was abstracted for separate entry into the data base. (BWI). [Deutsch] Im Mittelpunkt des Symposiums zur thermischen Solarenergienutzung stehen uebergreifende Aspekte der thermischen Solarenergie, Normung, Test und Qualitaetssicherung sowie die Nutzung der passiven Solarenergie. Fuer alle 23 enthaltenen Fachbeitraege wurde eine gesonderte inhaltliche Erschliessung durchgefuehrt. (BWI).

  4. Praeoperativt delay hos patienter med perforeret ulcus: en klinisk audit fra Det Nationale Indikatorprojekt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Mortality following perforated peptic ulcer in Denmark is nearly 30%. Delayed surgery is a prognostic factor, but only half of the patients are operated within six hours of perforation - a predefined quality of care criterion in The Danish National Indicator Project. A clinical audit...... of health care, the patient's pathological picture and the quality of treatment given, and a preoperative delay of at least 6 hours was examined using modified Poisson regression analyses. RESULTS: The following variables were associated with a preoperative delay = 6 hours: 1) out of hospital versus.......78; 95% CI 1.32-5.87), 4) first attendance not by senior physician (adjusted RR 1.97; 95% CI 0.95-4.05) and/or senior physician not called in (adjusted RR 2.53; 95% CI 1.12-5.75), and 5) oxygen saturation not monitored upon admission (adjusted RR 1.45; 95% CI 0.73-2.91). CONCLUSION: Although of limited...

  5. Rorty’s 'Romantic agony': taal en nationale identiteit in het Amerikaanse pragmatisme

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leezenberg, M.

    2010-01-01

    This article argues that Richard Rorty’s pragmatism is informed by a number of problematic romantic assumptions; more specifically, Rorty fails to thematize language-based romantic nationalism. These romantic nationalist assumptions become clear from Rorty’s remarks on poets and poetic language, and

  6. TAPWAT berekeningen pathogene micro-organismen; in het kader van de Nationale Milieuverkenning 2000-2030

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jonker N; Cleij P; Mulschlegel JHC; Leenen EJTM; Versteegh JFM; LWD

    2000-01-01

    Of the total quantity of drinking water in the Netherlands about one-third is produced from surface water, usually from national waters. The quantity of groundwater used for drinking-water production is stabilising and water use will - according to the prognoses - continue to rise. National policy

  7. Etat des lieux de la promotion des langues nationales au Bénin ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We have then conducted interviews with 16 stakeholders including 3 public stakeholders of literacy and the promotion of national languages, 3 researchers and 5 resource persons. Information processing has allowed us to obtain the main results as follows: 31.25% of our respondents believe that the promotion of national ...

  8. Berekening van effecten van milieu op natuur ten behoeve van de 5e Nationale Milieuverkenning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vonk M; Hoek DCJ van der; Meent D van de; Wortelboer FG; Alkemade JRM; Alterra; ECO; LBG; LWD

    2001-01-01

    One of the sections in the fifth national environmental outlook deals with the influence of environmental quality on the ecological quality of nature in the Netherlands. This report documents the methods and calculations used and choices and assumptions made in exploring this influence on nature.

  9. Hollandse films met een Hollands hart. Nationale identiteit en de Jordaanfilms 1934-1936

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pafort-Overduin, C.

    2012-01-01

    “A Dutch film with a Dutch heart”, was the slogan used to promote DE JANTJES (Jaap Speyer,1934), the first successful Dutch feature sound film. Two other so called Jordaanfilms, BLEEKE BET (Richard Oswald & Alex Benno, 1934) and ORANJE HEIN (Max Nosseck, 1936) followed. These films were adaptations

  10. La place des enfants dans l'économie nationale | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2 févr. 2011 ... Leishmaniose : maladie sans frontières. Une mouche porteuse d'un parasite mortel hante la jungle des chutes d'Iguazu, qui marque la triple frontière entre le Brésil, l'Argentine et le. Voir davantageLeishmaniose : maladie sans frontières ...

  11. Waterwinning en waterverbruik bij doelgroepen. Tevens achtergronddocumentatie van de nationale Milieuverkenning 1997-2020

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Muelschlegel JHC; Kragt FJ; LWD

    1999-01-01

    Research into water consumption by various consumer categories is at present being carried out to support and sustain implementation of the governmental policy . In this overview of the results of water abstraction analyses and demand in the Netherlands, emphasis has been put on quantitative

  12. Beleidsperspectieven voor de nationale energieveiligheid : Het dilemma van de goede betrekkingen; met wie?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Correlje, A.F.

    2011-01-01

    De recente ontwikkelingen rond de Middellandse Zee en in het Midden Oosten en in Japan maken het denken over veiligheid op het gebied van de energievoorziening er niet makkelijker op. De problemen met de Japanse kerncentrales, als gevolg van de aardbeving en de daaropvolgende tsunami, hebben tot

  13. National arrangements for radiotherapy; Mesures nationales pour la radiotherapie. Travail collectif des missions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    After a presentation of several letters exchanged between the French health ministry and public agencies in charge of public health or nuclear safety after a radiotherapy accident in Epinal, this report comments the evolution of needs in cancerology care and the place given to radiotherapy. It outlines the technological and organisational evolution of radiotherapy and presents the distribution of radiotherapy equipment, of radio-therapists and other radiotherapy professionals in France. Within the context of radiotherapy accidents which occurred in 2007, it presents the regulatory arrangements which aimed at improving the safety, short term and middle term arrangements which are needed to support and structure radiotherapy practice quality. It stresses the fact that the system will deeply evolve by implementing a radiotherapy vigilance arrangement and a permanent follow-on and adaptation plan based on surveys and the creation of a national committee.

  14. Verbinden en verbeelden : De rol van nationale identiteit in het internationaal cultuurbeleid

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Minnaert, A.J.C.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/304832324

    2016-01-01

    The central question of this dissertation is what role national identity has played in the interdepartmental policy field of international cultural policy (ICP) in the Netherlands between 1970 and 2012. In four chapters I analyse the history of ICP and the related political debate, using a

  15. Praeoperativt delay hos patienter med perforeret ulcus: en klinisk audit fra Det Nationale Indikatorprojekt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Morten Hylander; Nørgård, Bente Mertz; Mehnert, Frank

    2009-01-01

    .78; 95% CI 1.32-5.87), 4) first attendance not by senior physician (adjusted RR 1.97; 95% CI 0.95-4.05) and/or senior physician not called in (adjusted RR 2.53; 95% CI 1.12-5.75), and 5) oxygen saturation not monitored upon admission (adjusted RR 1.45; 95% CI 0.73-2.91). CONCLUSION: Although of limited...... in hospital perforation (adjusted relative risk (RR) 1.87; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.86-4.05), 2) no classical clinical symptoms of ulcer perforation (adjusted RR with peritonism 0.32; 95% CI 0.14-0.73), 3) first physician attendance later than median time, i.e. > 25 minutes after debut (adjusted RR 2...... size, this audit suggests that long preoperative delay in patients with peptic ulcer perforation is associated with factors related to both the internal organisation of the healthcare system, the patient's pathological picture, and the quality of diagnosis and treatment given. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Nov...

  16. Udsigt til at Danmark reducerer de nationale drivhusgasudledninger i 2008-12 med 4 %

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jens Christian

    2009-01-01

    De danske udledninger af drivhusgasser ventes at falde med 4 % som gennemsnit i årene 2008-2012 i forhold til 1990/95, basisåret for Kyotoaftalens reduktionskrav. Det fremgår af en ny fremskrivning fra Danmarks Miljøundersøgelser (DMU) ved Aarhus Universitet. Den resterende del af den 21 % redukt...

  17. Élaboration de politiques nationales sur l'accès aux ressources ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    amélioration des cultures et de gestion des ressources naturelles sont compromises. Les lois et les mécanismes en vigueur, comme les droits de propriété intellectuelle (DPI), ne conviennent pas à la protection du savoir traditionnel, car ils protègent les ...

  18. Bibliothekarische Berufsethik auf nationaler und internationaler Ebene: Struktur und Funktion des IFLA-Ethikkodex

    OpenAIRE

    Rösch, Hermann

    2014-01-01

    Professional ethics has a significant importance with regard to library work. It represents the individual ethics part of library ethics. Library ethics itself is part of the broader discipline of information ethics. In 2012 IFLA endorsed the IFLA Code of Ethics which is discussed in its function, structure and content in detail.

  19. ’Defense Nationale’ Perceptions of the US-Soviet Military Balances

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-11-01

    executive branches and particularly with the latter. These are | identified below together with the year they appeared: - Senator Symington , Admiral...the future of the strategic arms race (1969) - current issue of Military Balance (1970) - the SIPRI Yearbook for 1969-70 (1971) - Neville Brown’s...of Information Sources affiliated with the U.S. Government appeared in 9 articles or c.1.’s: - Senator Symington and Admiral Rickover (1958) - A U.S

  20. Étude de la variabilité agromorphologique de la collection nationale ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    Patancheru 502324 , Telangana, India. Tel: +91. 40 30713071, Fax: +91 .... hâtifs de 75 à 95 jours, les « sanio » semi-tardifs de. 110 à 130 jours et les variétés ... sont rustiques, adaptées au climat, au sol et résistantes aux stress bio et ...

  1. Évaluer la nouvelle réglementation nationale du Chili sur l ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Plaque tournante de la recherche et de la formation en santé environnementale et professionnelle en Afrique de l'Ouest. Ce projet aidera à créer une plaque tournante de la recherche et de la formation en santé environnementale et professionnelle (GEO Health) en Afrique de l'Ouest. Voir davantagePlaque tournante de la ...

  2. Sturen op Geluk: Geluksbevordering door nationale overheden, gemeenten en publieke instellingen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C. Campen (Cretien); A. Bergsma (Ad); J. Boelhouwer (Jeroen); J. Boerefijn (Jacqueline); L. Bolier (Linda)

    2012-01-01

    textabstract‘Gelukkige burgers, dat scheelt in de kosten’ kopte dagblad Trouw na de werkconferentie ‘Sturen op het geluk’ (Van Houten 2011). Dat zou politici toch moeten prikkelen in deze tijden van bezuinigingen, zou je denken. Toch is er in Nederland, in tegenstelling tot de ons omringende landen,

  3. Emissies en kosten tot 2030 bij het vastgesteld milieubeleid. Achtergronddocument bij de Nationale Milieuverkenning 5

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wee GP van; Kuijpers-Kubde MAJ; Gerwen OJ van; LAE

    2001-01-01

    Every four years the Dutch National Institute of Public Health and the Environment publishes an Environmental Outlook in preparation for the National Environmental Policy Plan (NEPP). The fifth National Environmental Outlook (NEO5) describes developments in the quality of the environment in the

  4. Fichier de la Lithotheque Nationale d'Echantillons Marins (BRGM Core Descriptions)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — In 1975 the BRGM and CNEXO in France joined to create a national marine geological sampling center at the Centre Oceanologique de Bretagne in Brest. This center...

  5. Étude de la variabilité agromorphologique de la collection nationale ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Les analyses descriptives ou qualitatives ; statistiques simples (ANOVA) ; de la diversité (phénologique ; génétique avec la méthode de la classification ascendante (CAH), avec les composantes principales (ACP) et l'analyse factorielle discriminante (AFD)) ont été réalisées avec les logiciels Genstat Discovery4 et R. Les ...

  6. Forskningsbibliotekerne får travlt, hvis den nationale Open Access strategi skal lykkes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ibanez, Karen Sofie Hytteballe; Sandfær, Anne

    2014-01-01

    Med nedsættelsen af en national styregruppe for Open Access (OA) ser der endelig ud til at ske noget på den front i Danmark. Uddannelses og Forskningsministeriet har, efter at have anbefalinger liggende i skuffen i flere år, nu endelig meldt en national strategi ud. Målet er 80% grøn OA i 2017 og...

  7. Praeoperativt delay hos patienter med perforeret ulcus: en klinisk audit fra Det Nationale Indikatorprojekt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Morten Hylander; Nørgård, Bente Mertz; Mehnert, Frank

    2009-01-01

    size, this audit suggests that long preoperative delay in patients with peptic ulcer perforation is associated with factors related to both the internal organisation of the healthcare system, the patient's pathological picture, and the quality of diagnosis and treatment given. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Nov......INTRODUCTION: Mortality following perforated peptic ulcer in Denmark is nearly 30%. Delayed surgery is a prognostic factor, but only half of the patients are operated within six hours of perforation - a predefined quality of care criterion in The Danish National Indicator Project. A clinical audit...... was conducted to investigate possible reasons. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients (n = 89) surgically treated for peptic ulcer perforation in six university hospitals in Denmark over a period of one year were included. The association between a number of predefined variables related to the internal organisation...

  8. Vaderlandse weelde op de kaart gezet. Belgische botanici, wetenschappelijke ijver en nationale motieven

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Stynen

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Andreas Stynen, Native wealth charted. Belgian botanists, scientific zeal and patriotic motivesThis article analyses the importance of patriotic motives in nineteenth-century Belgian botany, without reducing the study of indigenous plants to a vehicle of aggressive, blatantly biased chauvinism. Different forms of more subtle nationalism enabled Belgian field botanists to define their activities as a mature and internationally respected field among the natural sciences. Four different phases can be discerned. During the period of Austrian and French domination, botany was first and foremost a means to economically enrich the state, by reducing its dependence on imports. After Belgian independence (1830, striving for utility was increasingly overshadowed by a longing for completeness: field trips were fuelled by a desire to collect and chart all Belgian species. From 1860 onwards, individual species mattered less than the geobotanical regions: the national territory was discovered to offer a rich variety of landscapes. The popularity of laboratories at the end of the century threatened to dismiss field botany as merely amateurish, but an ecological approach to the national vegetation, combined with explicit pleas for the protection of Belgian’s natural wealth, provided the impetus for a new round of research.

  9. Praeoperativt delay hos patienter med perforeret ulcus: en klinisk audit fra Det Nationale Indikatorprojekt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Morten Hylander; Nørgård, Bente Mertz; Mehnert, Frank

    2009-01-01

    was conducted to investigate possible reasons. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients (n = 89) surgically treated for peptic ulcer perforation in six university hospitals in Denmark over a period of one year were included. The association between a number of predefined variables related to the internal organisation...... of health care, the patient's pathological picture and the quality of treatment given, and a preoperative delay of at least 6 hours was examined using modified Poisson regression analyses. RESULTS: The following variables were associated with a preoperative delay = 6 hours: 1) out of hospital versus...... in hospital perforation (adjusted relative risk (RR) 1.87; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.86-4.05), 2) no classical clinical symptoms of ulcer perforation (adjusted RR with peritonism 0.32; 95% CI 0.14-0.73), 3) first physician attendance later than median time, i.e. > 25 minutes after debut (adjusted RR 2...

  10. La tapisserie en Pologne (1900/1940) : renaissance nationale et apports internationaux

    OpenAIRE

    Mirocha-Halgas, Renata

    2014-01-01

    La conception de l’art décoratif change radicalement à la fin du xixe siècle. Les arts artisanaux, grâce aux nombreuses initiatives dans toute l’Europe sont remis en valeur, réorganisés et renouvelés afin de s’opposer au mauvais goût et à la qualité médiocre des objets fabriqués par la production mécanique à la chaîne. L’exemple vient d’Angleterre avec l’action de John Ruskin et William Morris au sein du mouvement Art and Crafts Movement (à partir de 1843). En Pologne, des recherches semblabl...

  11. The oil surprise in Brazil, and changes in the strategic, institutional and legal context; La surprise petroliere au Bresil et son contexte de changement strategique, institutionnel et legal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Medeiros Costa, H.K. [Sao Paulo Univ., Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil); Moutinho Dos Santos, E. [Sao Paulo Univ., Instituto de Eletrotecnica e Energia, Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil)

    2009-11-15

    The discovery of large amounts of oil in the rocky layers under the halite (or pre-halite) of off-shore sedimentary basins is a veritable oil surprise in Brazil, changing the country's oil strategy context. This event is being debated in all political circles and has also gained widespread attention in national and international media. It is becoming a major issue impacting on campaign impetus for the 2010 presidential elections, which look to be difficult and unpredictable for predictable or all potential candidates. The administration of president Lula has aimed to put in place a clear historical (and geographical) limit by proposing significant legal and institutional changes for the development of pre-halite oil resources (as opposed to the current scheme which will remain valid for reserves found in the rocky layers above the halite, or post halite). The purpose of this article is to introduce the main legal and institutional change actors that are proposed. The text mainly focuses on the upstream activities from oil exploration to production and on the capture and distribution of the oil rent. These are the two main areas that the new legal and institutional scheme will cover. (authors)

  12. Some numerical methods for two-fluid two-phase flows in oil pipes; Quelques methodes numeriques pour les ecoulements diphasiques bi-fluide en conduites petrolieres

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Masella, J.M.

    1997-05-29

    This thesis is devoted to the numerical simulation of some two-fluid models describing gas-liquid two-phase flow in pipes. The numerical models developed here can be more generally used in the modelling of a wide class of physical models which can be put under an hyperbolic form. We introduce first two isothermal two-fluid models, composed of a mass balance equation and a momentum equation written in each phase, describing respectively a stratified two-phase flow and a dispersed two-phase flow. These models are hyperbolic under some physical assumptions and can be written under a nonconservative vectorial system. We define and analyse a new numerical finite volume scheme (v{integral}Roe) founded on a linearized Riemann solver. This scheme does not need any analytical calculation and gives good results in the tracking of shocks. We compare this new scheme with the classical Roe scheme. Then we propose and study some numerical models, with and without flux splitting method, which are adapted to the discretization of the two-fluid models. This numerical models are given by a finite volume integration of the equations, and lean on the v{integral} scheme. In order to reducing cpu time, due to the low Mach number of two-phase flows, acoustic waves are implicit. Afterwards we proposed a discretization of boundary conditions, which allows the generation of transient flows in pipe. Some numerical academic and more physical tests show the good behaviour of the numerical methods. (author) 77 refs.

  13. Modeling of the re-starting of waxy crude oil flows in pipelines; Modelisation du redemarrage des ecoulements de bruts paraffiniques dans les conduites petrolieres

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vinay, G.

    2005-11-15

    Pipelining crude oils that contain large proportions of paraffins can cause many specific difficulties. These oils, known as waxy crude oils, usually exhibit high 'pour point', where this temperature is higher than the external temperature conditions surrounding the pipeline. During the shutdown, since the temperature decreases in the pipeline, the gel-like structure builds up and the main difficulty concerns the issue of restarting. This PhD attempts to improve waxy crude oil behaviour understanding thanks to experiment, modelling and numerical simulation in order to predict more accurately time and pressure required to restart the flow. Using various contributions to the literature, waxy crude oils are described as viscoplastic, thixotropic and compressible fluid. Strong temperature history dependence plays a prevailing role in the whole shutdown and restart process. Thus, waxy crude oils under flowing conditions correspond to the non-isothermal flow of a viscoplastic material with temperature-dependent rheological properties. Besides, the restart of a waxy crude oil is simulated by the isothermal transient flow of a weakly compressible thixotropic fluid in axisymmetric pipe geometry. We retain the Houska model to describe the thixotropic/viscoplastic feature of the fluid and compressibility is introduced in the continuity equation. The viscoplastic constitutive equation is involved using an augmented Lagrangian method and the resulting equivalent saddle-point problem is solved thanks to an Uzawa-like algorithm. Governing equations are discretized using a Finite Volume method and the convection terms are treated thanks to a TVD (Total Variation Diminishing) scheme. The Lagrangian functional technique usually used for incompressible viscoplastic flows, is adapted to compressible situations. Several numerical results attest the good convergence properties of the proposed transient algorithm. The non-isothermal results highlight the strong sensitivity of the flow pattern to the temperature changes in terms of yielded/un-yielded regions. Then, the combined effects of compressibility and thixotropy have beneficial influence on the restart issue. In fact, a thixotropic flow, not able to start up in compressible situations, could be restarted thanks to compressibility. At last, comparison between numerical and experimental results allows to validate the numerical code. (author)

  14. The strategy of the key players in the African oil sector (the Gulf of Guinea)?; Strategies des acteurs sur la scene petroliere africaine (Golfe de Guinee)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Copinsch, Ph. [Institut d' Etudes Politiques de Paris, 75 (France); Institut Francais du Petrole, IFP, 92 - Rueil Malmaison (France)

    2001-01-01

    The African oil industry, (particularly in the deep water offshore fields of the Gulf of Guinea), is symbolic of the new balance of power taking shape in the oil industry between the international companies and the host state on the one hand, and between the petrol companies themselves on the other. In an area rich in potential and which has become highly competitive, the traditional players in the region's oil development sector (Shell, Chevron and TotalFinaElf) which have for so long been sheltered from genuine competition in their respective areas of activity, must now face up to the renewed ambitions of new 'Super Majors' (in particular ExxonMobil), not to mention those of many independent companies seeking to internationalize their business. Several reasons explain this change. Firstly, the main developments are now taking place offshore with deep water drilling, and financial solidity and technological competence have replaced the closeness of political links as key factors of success. In these conditions, the risk of long term marginalization for the medium-sized companies is considerable. Secondly, the need to achieve profitability stressed by the major petrol groups is opening the door to the independents who are operating a niche policy (based on marginal or mature fields which no longer interest the majors). This type of competition tends to promote activity and to open up new countries to exploration and production (in particular Equatorial Guinea). (author)

  15. Thermodynamics. Applications in chemical engineering and the petroleum industry; Thermodynamique. Application au genie chimique et a l'industrie petroliere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vidal, J.

    2003-05-01

    The simulation and optimization of processes assumes that the thermodynamic properties and phase equilibria of the mixtures concerned are well known. This knowledge is still based upon experimentation, but it is also the result of calculation methods based on the principles of thermodynamics that govern them, insure their coherence, and confer upon them a wide range of application. This text is concerned primarily with the description of these methods and their evolution. It is addressed to the student who wishes to apply the general principles he has learned, and to the engineer confronted with a choice, perhaps a difficult one, of the most appropriate method to solve his problem. This textbook devotes extensive space to fundamental concepts. It also places particular emphasis on the 'models' that, although based on simplified concepts of the subject matter at the molecular level, have 'predictive' character. Computational examples are used to explain the application of these concepts and models. A comprehensive bibliography allows the reader to broaden the understanding he has acquired from this text. These calculation models are not perfect. Future progress makes thermodynamics as applied to chemical engineering an evolving discipline. The engineer must keep abreast of this progress and evaluate it intelligently. Contents: 1. Principles. Thermodynamic functions. The ideal gas. 2. Properties of pure substances. 3. Predicting thermodynamic properties of pure substances. General principles. Corresponding states. Group contributions. 4. Equations of state. 5. Characterization of mixtures. 6. Mixtures: liquid-vapor equilibria. 7. Deviations from ideality in the liquid phase. 8. Application of equations of state to mixtures. Calculation of liquid-vapor equilibria under pressure. 9. Liquid-liquid and liquid-liquid-vapor equilibria. 10. Fluid-solid equilibria. Crystallization. Hydrates. 11. Polymer solutions and alloys. 12. Multicomponent mixtures. 13. Chemical reactions. Appendixes. Index.

  16. Populations locales et unités de conservation : de l’exclusion à une inclusion incomplète (le cas de la Forêt nationale du Tapajós, Amazonie brésilienne Populações locais e unidades de conservação : da exclusão à uma inclusão incompleta (o caso da Floresta nacional do Tapajós, Amazônia Brasileira. Local populations and conservation areas: from exclusion to a partial inclusion (case study from the Tapajós National Forest, Brazilian Amazon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier Arnauld de Sartre

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available L’intérêt croissant accordé aux aires protégées (AP dans les politiques internationales de protection de la nature nécessite d’analyser en aval le rôle dévolu aux populations vivant dans ces espaces. Bien qu’excluant souvent, de fait, les populations locales, il apparaît qu’une inclusion de ces populations dans le périmètre des aires protégées est tout à fait possible. C’est en tous cas ce que montre l’étude d’une AP d’Amazonie brésilienne que nous nous proposons de mener ici, en insistant plus particulièrement sur l’histoire de cette inclusion, ses modalités et sur les problèmes restant à résoudre. L’analyse historique du conflit dans la Forêt nationale du Tapajós reflète le fait que les différentes catégories d’AP au Brésil ont su évoluer pour s’adapter aux contextes locaux. L’implantation de cette AP, et son acceptation par les populations, a nécessité l’adaptation de l’administration aux règles locales d’usage et de gestion des ressources, mais aussi en retour de l’adaptation de ces dernières aux normes institutionnelles de gestion. L’évolution de l’inclusion des habitants dans la gouvernance de cette AP s’est faite de plus sous l’impulsion des institutions internationales, en contrepartie de leur soutien financier à divers programmes de développement au niveau local. Depuis que les relations entre population locale et institution gestionnaire se sont stabilisées dans cette AP, les défis concernant le maintien sur place de la population locale se sont dès lors déplacés vers la dépendance croissante aux ressources et biens de consommations externes et vers les transformations qu’ont induit les projets de développement sur le système local de production.O interesse crescente às unidades de conservação (UC nas políticas internacionais de proteção da Natureza necessita considerar o papel das populações humanas  que habitam nesses espaços. Apesar do

  17. Men and their land. The mining sites of the Mokta French Company in Lozere; Des hommes et leur terre. Les sites miniers de la Compagnie Francaise de Mokta en Lozere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-09-01

    This booklet summarizes the history of the mining activity in the Lozere district (France) devoted to the extraction of uranium ores. This activity started in 1957 with the open cast exploitation of the Cellier deposit which lasted 35 years and produced 4200 t of uranium from 5800000 t of ore. The exploitation was performed by the French Company of Uranium Ores (CFMU). The uranium crisis started in 1962 and led to an increase of prospecting activities. The crisis ended with the first oil crack in 1973 and the uranium demand and prices grew up until 1979 when the Three Mile Island reactor accident occurred. The second crisis that followed led to the development of new recovery processes such as the heap lixiviation process. In 1980, the CFMU became the French Company of Mokta (CFM) and in 1986, the CFM became a 100% daughter company of the Cogema group. The exploitation of the Bondons mine ended in 1989 and the program of site rehabilitation started. The document focusses on the environmental aspects of this program, the reforestation, the drainage of surface waters and the control of water quality. (J.S.)

  18. La 6e compagnie : les interprétations d’une défaite russe en Tchétchénie [The 6th Company: debates around a Russian military defeat in Chechnya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amandine Regamey

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available In February 2000, a company of Russian paratroopers from Pskov was defeated in the Argun Valley in Chechnya: 84 out of the 90 men were killed in combat against outnumbering Chechen fighters. Several questions arise as to the reason why they were not sent any support, but three films or serials have nevertheless been dedicated to their last fight since 2004. This article compares the official discourse, the film plots and the reactions that were stirred by these deaths among Russian veterans and analyses how the paratroopers are made to look like heroes, who fell in the name of Motherland, anti-terrorism and soldier brotherhood. Films to be discussed include Chest’ Imeiu (The honour is mine, Grozovye Vorota (The Storm Gate, Proryv (Breakthrough. [Editor’s note: Please note that countries, places and nouns (for example “Chechnya” in the text are transliterated according to the French media transliteration, whereas endnotes follow the Library of Congress’ transliteration table.

  19. Offshore wind power. Recommendation for a national policy; Energie eolienne en mer. Recommandation pour une politique nationale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-12-15

    In the framework of the international agreements, the France fixed ambitious objectives of electric power production from renewable energies, and among other the wind power. THe offshore chain of this energy seems to be promising, but the first projects show difficulties, because of reluctance from other sea users, uncertainties on the projects profitability or because of the complexity of the regulatory framework. Thus an inter-departmental group has been constituted in order to discuss these problems. This report is a synthesis of their works. It analyzes the today context and proposes possible orientations. (A.L.B.)

  20. Les cantaliens et la conscription : du refus militaire à l'insertion nationale, 1789-1852

    OpenAIRE

    Serre, Jean-Pierre

    2009-01-01

    De l'Ancien Régime au début des années 1840, le Cantal refuse les divers modes de recrutement militaire. Les formes et l'intensité de cet échec varient selon la guerre ou la paix, dans ses chiffres, mais il persiste dans ses fondements. On peut, dès lors, se poser le double problème de la signification d'un phénomène historique si constant et du pourquoi de son évolution sous Louis-Philippe. Cette résistance, aux formes classiquement différenciées selon l'appartenance sociale, s'appuie sur un...

  1. Ethnicité, construction nationale et nationalisme dans l'aire albanaise: Approche anthropologique du conflit et des relations interethniques

    OpenAIRE

    Doja, Albert

    1999-01-01

    International audience; After an introduction toward the characteristics of the region defined as a cultural area, these articles attempts to give an historical and geopolitical overview of Albanians and their culture, asserting successively on cultural stratification, local particularisms and unity. Then, going over the history of the national movement and the formation of Albanian nation at the turn of the century, it takes an account of the clash of Serbian and Albanian nationalisms they n...

  2. BOOK REVIEW: Astronomie von Olbers bis Schwarzschild. Nationale Entwicklungen und internationale Beziehungen im 19. Jahrhundert (Acta Historica Astronomiae Vol. 16)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sterken, C.; Dick, W. R.; Hamel, J.

    2002-12-01

    The 14th volume of the Acta Historica Astronomiae is the Proceedings of a Colloquium International Relationships in Astronomy (in German) organised by the History of Astronomy Section of the Astronomische Gesellschaft held on September 18 in Lilienthal, Germany. The book contains 13 articles on astronomical topics covering the 19th and 20th centuries. The first paper is by Guenther Oestmann and deals with contemporary assessments of Johann Hieronymus Schroeter's (1745-1816) astronomical works and with later judgements of the scientific importance and significance of his observations as seen by astronomers and historians. This report is complemented by a second article on Schroeter's 25-ft reflector in Lilienthal near Bremen. To this end, author Felix Luehning has constructed a scale model of the telescope, and shows how the building of a model brings a deeper understanding of function and handling of this instrument. This brings us to a third paper on telescope building in Lilienthal: Hans-Joachim Leue describes the cooperation of Johann Hieronymus Schroeter and Johann Gottlieb Schrader in developing a white reflecting metal alloy for use as telescope mirror. The fourth article, by Klaus Schillinger, describes on the basis of archival documents the aquisition history of the Herschel telescopes, including telescope quality check, repair and building. Memorial sites referring to Wilhelm Olbers, Johann Hieronymus Schroeter, Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel and Carl Friedrich Gauss are described by Arno Langkavel in two walks outlined in the very last paper of this book. Peter Brosche, in the fifth paper, discusses the rediscovery of Ceres in December1801, a discovery that was the result of the combined efforts of a theoretician (Gauss) and an observer (Zach). Juergen Hamel's paper is based on previously unused archival sources and discusses the outstanding role played by H. C. Schumacher (1780-1850, editor of the Astronomische Nachrichten) in the communication between astronomers in his days, when his working place at Altona still belonged to the kingdom of Denmark. This paper is followed by a second one by the same author and deals with the correspondence of H. C. Schumacher and H C. Oersted (1777-1851) and shows how intense and diverse their cooperation was. In a subsequent paper, Wolfgang Kokott describes the role of the Astronomisches Jahrbuch (published from 1776 by the Royal Academy of Sciences at Berlin), a ranking international publication, with Bode's modest Berlin Observatory serving as a clearinghouse of information originating from virtually all European countries. "Karl Schwarzschild and the professionalisation of Astrophysics" is the title of Theodor Schmidt-Kaler's contribution and presents Schwarzschild's contributions to professionalization of astronomy: establishment of course lectures and a permanent astrophysical laboratory, a tight connection between teaching and research, stimulations and suggestions for astronomy at high school and for the formation of high school teachers, international organisation, and the planning of a southern observatory. Peter Habison describes the contribution of Leo de Ball (1853-1916, Director of the Kuffner Observatory in Vienna) to international astronomy. Internationalization in astronomy is also discussed in a following paper by Gudrun Wolfschmidt on the establishment of the Vereinigte Astronomische Gesellschaft, the international Astronomische Gesellschaft in 1863 and finally the International Astronomical Union in 1919. In the second but last paper of the book, Hilmar Duerbeck describes the history of the Chilean National Observatory, beginning with its origins out of Gilliss' US Naval Expedition to the Southern Hemisphere in 1849, over its directors Moesta, Vergara, Obrecht and Ristenpart, to the middle of the 20th century. The paper also includes the astronomical development at the Universidad Catolica and various international expeditions, which aimed at the observations of solar eclipses, the Venus transit of 1882, and the Mars opposition of 1907. An overview of the evolution and the actual state of the international observatories Cerro Tololo, La Silla and Paranal, as well as Las Campanas is also given.

  3. Effects of climate change on the Swiss economy (national influences); Auswirkungen der Klimaaenderung auf die Schweizer Volkswirtschaft (nationale Einfluesse)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    This comprehensive final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) attempts to estimate the direct and indirect effects of climate change on the Swiss economy. The authors state that no grave damage to the Swiss economy that could be caused by climate change are to be expected by the year 2030. Estimates for the year 2050 are presented and a prognosis showing a substantial increase of damage after this date is presented. Tourism and energy installations are noted as being the areas that will be most affected. Other areas affected include infrastructure, human health, water supplies, forestry and the farming economy. The methodologies used in the preparation of the study are described. Scenarios are presented and discussed. An overview of the costs incurred as a result of climate-related change is presented.

  4. Les déterminants de la migration des clients entre les marques nationales et les marques de distributeurs

    OpenAIRE

    Ramaroson, Andry Haja

    2009-01-01

    For the last years, the consistent development of store brands or private labels has resulted in a market composed of three segments: customers who are national brand loyal, (ii) store brand loyal and (iii) those who combine store and national brands. So the question becomes: why does the latter group of consumers migrate from a national brand to a store brand and vice versa? To our knowledge, no study has been conducted about this aspect of national brand and private label competition. The r...

  5. Chapitre premier. Un pôle d’équilibre à l’échelle nationale

    OpenAIRE

    Darques, Régis

    2013-01-01

    L’agglomération d’Athènes atteint, selon le recensement de 1991, 3 100 000 habitants, et sa région urbaine dépasserait les quatre millions de personnes, c’est-à-dire quelque 40 % de la population de la Grèce. Ses fonctions centralisatrices portent aussi bien sur la sphère économique, financière et politique. Quelle autre ville peut prétendre entamer la suprématie de la capitale et avoir une quelconque autonomie ou influence régionale ? Capitale économique de la Turquie d’Europe sous l’Empire ...

  6. Sustainable development: a sustainable mastership in the next six months; Developpement durable: une strategie nationale dans les six mois

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    In the middle of the year 2003, the France will receive a national mastership in the domain of the sustainable development. At many step of the government policy, the sustainable development will be integrated in the programs: environment, education, wastes management, transports. This paper analyzes the means to make the enterprises more responsible. (A.L.B.)

  7. The role played by the National Assessment Board; Le role de la Commission nationale d'evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duplessy, J.C. [Commission Nationale d' Evaluation (CNE), 75 - Paris (France)

    2011-02-15

    Since the end of the fifties, France has developed a civil nuclear industry and opted to reprocess used fuel. Reprocessing facilities are used to separate uranium and plutonium, materials that may be re-used to make new fuel, fission products and minor actinides, high-level long-lived waste (HLW-LL), which are currently packaged in borosilicate glass. Reprocessing also produces process waste, some of which is contaminated with long-lived elements to a sufficiently high level to warrant a specific disposal solution (intermediate-level long-lived waste, ILW-LL). While low- and intermediate-level waste containing elements with a short half-life (< 30 years) are already being disposed of at the surface repositories in the Aube and La Manche, long-lived waste is currently stored pending a long-term solution. The Act of 30 December 1991 (called Bataille's law) established the framework for a research program based on 3 possible long-term management solution of high-level radioactive waste: deep geological repositories, long-term surface storage and advanced partitioning and transmutation of radioactive waste. The role of the National Assessment Board is to assess the progress and results obtained for each of the 3 axis. The article presents the progress made during the 1991-2006 period

  8. US National Security Strategy and preemption; Le concept de preemption dans la strategie de securite nationale des Etats-Unis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kristensen, H.M. [Federation of American Scientists, Washington, D.C. (United States)

    2006-07-15

    According to a US National Security Strategy analysis conducted in 2006, preemption has evolved from concept into doctrine. The concept plan for Global Strike (CONPLAN 8022-02) will be maintained by the Joint Functional Component Command for Space and Global Strike (JFCC-SGS), which is planned to be fully operational from the autumn of 2006. The aim of CONPLAN 8022 is to be able to destroy by nuclear weapons those targets that cannot be destroyed by other means. Should deterrence fail, weapons must be ready to be put to use, be they nuclear or conventional. (author)

  9. Iedereen kent wel iemand... : de eerste stap tot een Nationale Verkeersveiligheidsverkenning voor de jaren 1990-2010.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wegman, F.C.M. Koornstra, M.J. & Mathijssen, M.P.M.

    1992-01-01

    The first step towards a National Exploration of traffic safety in the Netherlands for the years 1990-2010 is presented. The policy of the central and local government in relation to the lack of traffic safety is dealt with, against the background of the increase of the mobility in the period after

  10. Etude nationale sur les programmes de francais de base: Le syllabus langue (National Core French Study: The Language Syllabus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Painchaud, Gisele

    The National Core French Study had the objectives of defining and developing four syllabuses and assessing their applicability in Core French classes in Canadian elementary and secondary schools. The language syllabus presented here is an inventory of the principal language units that the student must acquire to communicate in French in natural…

  11. Das Strafrecht im Fokus der Commission nationale consultative des droits de l’homme / Hervé Henrion-Stoffel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Henrion-Stoffel, Hervé

    2015-01-01

    Riikliku inimõiguste nõuandekomisjonist (CNCDH) kui institutsioonist ja selle seisukohtadest karistusõiguslikel teemadel (terrorismivastane võitlus, vihakuritegevus Internetis, karistuse individualiseerimine ja korduvkuritegude vältimine)

  12. L'harmonisation de la politique nationale en matière de S-T avec la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    BRICS). Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS) have put innovation at the centre of their development strategies. View moreNational Innovation Systems in Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS) ...

  13. Conquering the American market : ABN AMRO, Rabobank and Nationale-Nederlanden working in a different business environment, 1965-2005

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Westerhuis, G.K.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/308719824

    2008-01-01

    The dissertation highlights the expansion of Dutch financial companies in the American market during the last forty years. It aims to explain in which activities they expanded successfully and in which activities they failed. Three important Dutch companies were studied: ABN AMRO, Rabobank and

  14. Internationale en nationale kennis over politietoezicht in het verkeer : een covernota naar aanleiding van drie literatuurstudies uit 1994.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Goldenbeld, C. & Oei, H.-l.

    1995-01-01

    This cover note follows three recent literature reviews about the effects of police supervision on traffic offences. The cover note aims: (1) to indicate what the main general conclusions are about the effectiveness and efficiency of police supervision; and (2) to indicate what information might be

  15. Beoordeling van de maatschappelijke relevantie van toegepast gezondheidsonderzoek : Het belang van publiceren in nationale vaktijdschriften als ruwe indicator

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bouter, L. M.; Knottnerus, J. A.

    2000-01-01

    Evaluation of health research output can have important implications for departments, institutes and individual careers. Typically, a peer review of the scientific quality of the output is central in this evaluation, increasingly with a bibliometric analysis at its core. Such an analysis is based on

  16. L’institutionnalisation de la violence des jeux vidéo à l’Assemblée nationale

    OpenAIRE

    Mauco, Olivier

    2012-01-01

    La violence des jeux vidéo est au cœur des débats parlementaires sur la réglementation. à travers l’étude des questions au gouvernement, cet article se propose de retracer la genèse de ce cadrage dominant. Au-delà du moment institutionnel, l’usage du jeu vidéo à des fins du jeu politique prend progressivement le pas sur une hypothétique politique du jeu vidéo. Videogames violence is the core subject of parliamentary debates on regulation. Through the study of the questions to government, t...

  17. Nationale filologieën’ en het historisch onderzoek naar disciplinevorming in de geesteswetenschappen. Een verkenning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gert-Jan Johannes

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The ‘National Philologies’ and the History of Discipline Formation in the HumanitiesThe start of discipline formation in the 'national philologies' (such as 'English Language and Literature', 'Germanistik', etc. is often considered to have taken place around the middle of the nineteenth century. At that time, the German philological school of scholars such as Jacob Grimm gained influence at universities all over Europe. Meticulous analysis of the oldest (medieval texts, as well as rigorous application of the methods of historical-comparative linguistics in editing these texts, became the norm and the nec plus ultra of philology. Other forms of academic and scholarly attention to national literature – e.g. the study of the history of literature in post-medieval and modern times – were from then on looked down upon as mere hobbies, made obsolete by the 'modern', 'truly scientific' methods of the German school. The case of the 'national philologies' thus seems to corroborate the common idea that discipline formation in science consists mainly of a process of specialization and differentiation. However, an overview of the history of 'Neerlandistiek' (the academic study of Dutch Language and Literature over the course of the nineteenth century suggests that the success of German School's methods was in fact but a temporary episode. In the history of 'national philologies' such as the 'Neerlandistiek', episodes of specialization seem to alternate with episodes in which the main emphasis is not on special ization but on extension of the scope, on integration of elements from other disciplines, and on reinforcement of the ties with social institutions such as the education system. Interdisciplinarity is not a new phenomenon but can already be found in the days of the discipline's origin in Holland. Back then, the first professors of 'Dutch Rhetorics' around 1800 rapidly expanded their specialist studies into the study of 'Dutch language and literature' in the broadest possible sense. Phenomena such as these seem to apply more generally to the process of discipline formation in the humanities. The fact that disciplines such as the 'national philologies' still exist, suggests that specialization, differentiation and 'boundary wars' are not the only road to scientific legitimacy. Extension of the scope, (reunification with other disciplines and intense communication with social systems inside and outside university are at least as important.

  18. Economie et enseignement a Madagascar. (Economy and Education in Madagascar.) Financement des systemes educatifs: etudes de cas Nationales 8.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hugon, Philippe

    The purpose of this volume is to analyze the problems of school finance in Madagascar, including those that have arisen in the past decade and those anticipated in the present decade (through 1980). More generally, this book examines past and future connections between the economic and educational systems in Madagascar. The author examines the…

  19. De sacra corona regni Hungariae : De kroon van Hongarije en de ontwikkeling van vroegmoderne nationale identiteit (1572-1665)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Teszelszky, Roger Cornelis Emil

    2006-01-01

    This dissertation treats the connection between the developments of national identity in the Hungarian Kingdom and the changing meaning of the crown of Hungary between 1572 and 1665. Using a constructivist method of research, an attempt is made to answer the question of how the Hungarian political

  20. Démocratisation, identité culturelle et identité nationale en Haïti

    OpenAIRE

    Hurbon, Laënnec

    2011-01-01

    Ni le religieux ni le politique ne semblent offrir la base d’un nouveau lien social en Haïti après l’effondrement du régime dictatorial de Duvalier en 1986. L’expérience démocratique conduit à une crise de l’église catholique qui, jusqu’ici jouissait d’une position privilégiée dans la société haïtienne, alors que les signes de l’instauration d’un Etat démocratique de droit sont encore loin d’être repérables. Des mouvements culturels identitaires et nationalistes sont alors des tentations indu...

  1. Sécurité d'État et insécurité nationale au Mali: les logiques ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    De 1963 à janvier 2012, la République du Mali – État et communautés – est confrontée à une série de crises multidimensionnelles. Malgré la signature d'un accord de paix issu du Processus d'Alger en juin 2015, le monopole et l'initiative de la violence illégitime reviennent aux mouvements rebelles du Nord Mali et à leurs ...

  2. Ruimtelijke ordening op niveau : een juridisch onderzoek naar provinciale en nationale instructieregels op grond van hoofdstuk 4 van de Wro

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Korsse, D.

    2015-01-01

    The research focuses on the relation between municipalities, provinces and the Crown in Dutch spatial planning law. Specifically, it concerns the power of the provinces and the Crown to issue general ‘instructional rules’ (instructieregels) concerning the content of municipal zoning plans and other

  3. Evolutionist approach of upstream activities competitiveness of the petroleum industry in a long term perspective; Approche evolutionniste de la competitivite des activites amont de la filiere petroliere dans une perspective de long terme

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dos Santos, E.M.

    1997-01-24

    The purpose of this work is to analyze the concept of competitiveness of companies and nations in the upstream sector of the international oil industry, trying to identify the possibilities of future development of this sector as well as the interactions that may exist between different actors such as governments, consumers and oil companies to boost or re-launch the competitive position of their enterprises and countries in the international context of the industry. In order to attain that, we analyze the developments of the most important economic attributes that characterize the oil activity as well as its most crucial political aspects. We develop a model of `oil competition` and a definition of `oil competitiveness` that take clearly into consideration both the differences between various oil actors and the dynamic aspects linked to the evolution of the oil industry. We do so by constructing an evolutionist model of competition and competitiveness. This approach emulates a `biological process` where firms and the economic environment interact with each other within a process similar to `natural selection` with the survival of the fittest. This evolutionist model adopts some analytical instruments established by Michael Porter, from the University of Harvard, to interpret the changes and the dissimilarities of behavior of various oil actors as well as to explain their respective role in the new oil world that is being organized. Thus, we introduce the notions of `dominant form of competition` and `generic strategy of enterprises`. Then, we use our methodology to analyze the past of the oil industry (the stability and the instability). We conclude this work by discussing about the future evolution of the oil activities in the context of a new long term cycle of investment for the sector. (author).

  4. Petroleum and gas exploration in the estuary and the Gulf of St. Lawrence : Information document; Prospection petroliere et gaziere dans l'estuaire et le golfe du Saint-Laurent : Document d'information

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Balthazar, L. [Conseil Regional de l' Environnement Bas-Saint-Laurent, Rimouski, PQ (Canada)

    2002-12-01

    Hydro-Quebec expects to invest 330 million dollars into petroleum and natural gas exploration in the St. Lawrence River by 2010. The author provides, in point form, an update on whether the impacts of potential projects will be examined through independent studies and whether interested parties will be consulted. The paper lists how beluga whales, fish species and the aquatic environment in general may be impacted by petroleum exploration in the St. Lawrence River. The situation in Cape Breton, Nova Scotia was also examined in response to concerns that seismic surveys in Georges Bank are being conducted without social, cultural and economic impact studies and without public consultation from either the provincial or federal governments. The following three specific projects that are in various stages of development were also briefly examined: (1) a project that is currently underway on the north shore of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, (2) a project on the south shore at Anticosti/Point of Gaspe Peninsula/Iles-de-la-Madeleine which is currently undergoing an environmental assessment, and (3) a marine estuary project which is no longer underway because the promoter withdrew.

  5. The position of petroleum industry on the European Commission strategy against acidification; Position de l`industrie petroliere sur la communication de la commission europeenne sur la strategie acidificaiton

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Canton-Lauga, P. [Union Francaise des Industries Petrolieres (UFIP), 75 - Paris (France)

    1997-12-31

    The French Petroleum industry presents several objections to the projected European Commission program concerning the reduction of air pollution and acidification: the limitation levels which are set for 2010 are practically impossible to sustain, and will induce a considerable cost for the european countries; the models that were used (Rains) by the Commission are not sufficiently precise and taking 1990 as a reference year does not take into consideration the important pollution emission reduction achieved by France before 1990; the Commission seems to consider mainly sulfur contained in liquid fuels, although coal represents 62 pc of sulfur dioxide emission in Europe. Amendment propositions are presented

  6. Analysis of the reactivity of sulphur compounds in petroleum cuts: kinetics and modelling of hydro-treating; Analyse de la reactivite des composes soufres dans les coupes petrolieres: cinetique et modelisation de l'hydrotraitement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez Garcia, C.

    2000-12-01

    The study of the hydro-treating of middle distillates comprised the following steps: - Identification and reactivity study of the sulphur compounds present in these petroleum cuts; - Modelling of the process by a chemical kinetic approach. The hydro-treating of middle distillates is a refining process that allows elimination of organic compounds containing sulphur, nitrogen, oxygen and metals. The process also hydrogenates the aromatic compounds providing improved cetane index gas-oils while respecting the regulations that severely limit the content of sulphur compounds. The extension and the improvement of a kinetic model for the hydro-treating of LCO gas-oils (light cycle oil gas-oils) are presented in this work. In order to improve the hydro-desulfurization model predictions, a detailed identification of the sulphur compounds contained in LCO gas-oils was carried out using gas chromatography with a sulphur chemiluminescence detector (GC-SCD). The most refractory sulphur compounds (alkyl-di-benzothiophenes) were identified and lumped into different families. Based on a lumped reaction scheme with a Langmuir-Hinshelwood representation, the model takes into account the influence of temperature, total pressure and hydrogen sulphide partial pressure on the reaction rates for hydro-desulfurization, hydro-denitrogenation and hydro-de-aromatization. The model parameter estimation was based on experiments that were carried out on a micro-pilot unit using an industrial sulfided NiMo/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} catalyst and LCO feedstocks. The analytical study of the sulphur compounds was also extended to the case of straight run gas-oils (SR). For these feedstocks, a method using high-resolution mass spectrometry coupled with gas chromatography (GC-HRMS) was developed. In this way, the kinetic model can now be extended for the SR gas-oil hydro-treating or for LCO-SR mixtures. (author)

  7. Petroleum activity 2005 and perspectives 2006. Three documents: biofuels, diesel fuel, environment and CO{sub 2}. Zoom Normandie; Actualite petroliere 2005 et perspectives 2006. Trois dossiers: biocarburants, gazole, environnement et CO{sub 2}. Zoom Normandie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    This document provides tables and charts of statistical data concerning the petroleum industry activity in 2005 and perspective for 2006: supply and demand, prices, consumption, service station number and the market. It presents then the petroleum industry actions in favor of the biofuels, the diesel fuel market evolution and the commitment of the petroleum industry on the CO{sub 2} emissions. A special part is devoted to the french region, Normandie: the petroleum industries and the corresponding the economic and environmental impact (A.L.B.)

  8. Application of cost mathematical models to the determination of investments in the petroleum industry; Application des modeles mathematiques de cout a la determination des investissements dans l`industrie petroliere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fournier, G.; Ecole Nationale Superieure du Petrole et des Moteurs (ENSPM), 92 -Rueil-Malmaison (France); Univ. de Bourgogne, 21- Dijon (France)

    1997-05-01

    It is today of paramount importance to realistically forecast the cost and time required to design and manufacture a given product, from the very first phase of the project. Furthermore, with the increasingly rapid development of technology, it is often impossible to draw a direct parallel with existing, well known products Mathematical models of cost, and MAP models in particular, have been developed to meet this need. Although one may still refer to former products, they do not automatically have to be `analogous` to the product under consideration, because these methods use `universal relationship` between cost, weight, technology, performance and reliability, and also the nature and experience of the firm manufacturing the product. The purpose of this thesis is to demonstrate the pertinence, and more importantly the potential, of mathematical models of cost for the oil and gas industry, from exploration and production to refining, petrochemicals, and internal combustion engines. After a theoretical examination of estimation methods and a classification of existing ones, emphasis is placed on the logical aspect of these models. In addition, the complementarity between these tools and certain fields such as project management is pointed out, for example with respect to value control. The last chapter of the thesis is devoted to case studies. It aims chiefly at comparing theory with practice in order to identify the limits of mathematical models of cost so that they can be used judiciously. (author). 159 refs.

  9. Electrolytic treatment of liquid effluents: decontamination by electro coagulation of release water of a petroleum platform; Traitement electrolytique des effluents liquides: decontamination par electrocoagulation des eaux de rejet d'une plate forme petroliere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nanseu-Njiki, Ch.P.; Ngameni, E.; Poumiba, S. [Yaounde Univ., Laboratoire de Chimie Analytique, Dept. de Chimie Inorganique, Faculte des Sciences (Cameroon); Darchen, A. [Ecole Nationale Superieure de Chimie de Rennes, Laboratoire d' Electrochimie, 35 - Rennes (France)

    2005-07-01

    The water releases of petroleum platforms present lots of pollutants; Usually, these waters are reinjected in ground water when it is possible. In the other cases they are released at the surface and need then a treatment. The electro-coagulation is a suitable method often used. The authors propose to study the optimum conditions of decontamination by this method, by a parametric evaluation (water flow, charge density, ph). Experiments used iron and aluminium electrodes. (A.L.B.)

  10. On the modelling and the analysis of two-phase flow instabilities in pipeline-riser systems; Modelisation et analyse des instabilites d'ecoulements diphasiques dans les conduites petrolieres du type pipeline-riser

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zakarian, E.

    2000-03-10

    Recent estimations predict that over half the remaining offshore oil and gas reserves are located in deep water and marginal fields. For such reserves, economic recovery methods are required. Then, multiphase flows are transported within pipelines and separated on treatment platforms built in shallow water or processed in onshore facilities. Unfortunately, hydrodynamic instabilities may occur whenever gas and liquid flow in a pipeline, generating serious operating problems. This dissertation presents a new way to model two-phase flows in pipelines such as pipeline-riser systems. Equations are algebraic and differential. Their smoothness depends on the closure laws of the problem such as slip or friction laws. Smooth forms of these closure laws are presented for the first time in this dissertation. Therefore, a mathematical analysis of our model fits into a classical frame: a linear analysis leads to an analytical expression of the boundary between stable and unstable flows. A nonlinear analysis provides for the first time, the bifurcation curves of gas-liquid flows in pipe-riser systems, locally round their stability boundary. (author)

  11. Management Accounting in freight-forwarding companies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jens Ocksen; Lynggaard, Peter

    2002-01-01

    The article describes the internal business management processes in a freight forwarding compagny on the operative/tactical level. This is done as an explorative study of how these processes are organized in two medium-sized Danish freight-forwarding compagnies....

  12. Arcane Erotica and National ‘Patrimony’: Britain’s Private Case and the Collection de l’Enfer of the Bibliothèque Nationale de France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alison Moore

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This article considers the broad politics of the creation and maintenance of two large erotica collections in European national libraries across their histories and in relation to definitions of censorship and obscenity. It also examines the popular and intellectual discourses that have surrounded the Collection de l’Enfer and the Private Case of the British Library, and imbued them with a particular cultural mystique as repositories of secret, hidden and privileged erotic knowledge.  Censorship and repression of sexuality cannot account for the policies of these libraries which have policed public morals through their restricted access conditions, even as the works they deemed obscene were published without any legal sanction. By classing their contents into a discreet category, these collections have helped to frame erotic signification as a separate body of meaning. In France the notion of the Enfer’s place within national patrimony has particularly abetted the discourses of mystique and allure around it. In Britain, the bibliographers who have discussed the Private Case have done so through assumptions of masculine heterosexual privilege and normativity.

  13. L’idée nationale en montagne et dans l’alpinisme : le cas du club alpin austro-allemand (DÖAV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Mestre

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available L’institutionnalisation de la pratique de l’alpinisme sous la forme de clubs est un processus à part entière de l’histoire culturelle des pays. Elle s’est faite dans le cadre de conflits idéologiques, notamment le nationalisme, ce que le club alpin austro-allemand illustre parfaitement. En effet lors de sa création, le club alpin est de fait placé dans un contexte de choix entre une organisation de type « petite Allemagne » ou « grande Allemagne », et le choix effectué, à savoir un club alpin austro-allemand, donc représentatif d’une pensée grande Allemagne, est revendiqué par les fondateurs comme un acte fondamental non politique mais représentatif d’une spécificité culturelle. Après la Première Guerre mondiale le club s’engage pour l’abrogation du traité de Versailles, prône la revanche et le retour des territoires du Tyrol du sud au sein d’une communauté germanophone et laisse les éléments les plus extrêmes (völkisch pratiquer l’aryanisation du club. Enfin le club a largement cautionné une politique colonialiste qui transformait les alpinistes en explorateurs privilégiés de terres nouvelles et en porte-drapeaux de la germanité.The institutionalization of mountaineering clubs belongs to each nation’s cultural history. These processes were carried out throughout ideological conflicts such as nationalisms. The Austrian-German Club being one of the most prominent examples. Right at the beginning, the club’s original members had to choose between two different types of structure, embodying either an idea of « Little Germany » or of « Large Germany ». The type of club eventually chosen, i.e. an Austrian-German Club, (in other words « Large Germany », was not asserted by its founders as a political keystone, but much more as a fundamental act symbolizing a cultural specificity. After the first world war, the club stood for the abrogation of the Treaty of Versailles, advocating the return of the Southern Tyrol Territories into a German-speaking community. It also let its most extremist members carry out an « Aryan » policy within the club. Last but not least, the club widely supported a colonialistic policy turning mountaineers into explorers of unknown territories as well as symbols of the German Nationalism.La institucionalización de la práctica del alpinismo bajo la forma de clubes es un proceso que forma parte de la historia cultural de los países. Se realizó en el marco de conflictos ideológicos, en particular el nacionalismo, como lo demuestra perfectamente el club alpino austro-alemán. Efectivamente, cuando fue creado el club alpino, se planteó un dilema, ya que se tuvo que optar entre una organización de tipo « Alemania chica » o « Alemania grande ». La opción elegida, a saber un club alpino austro-alemán, es decir representativo de un pensamiento « Alemania grande », fue considerado como un acto fundamental apolítico pero representativo de una especificidad cultural. Tras la Primera Guerra Mundial, el club luchó en contra del tratado de Versailles, se comprometió con los partidarios de la revancha y de la reintegración de los territorios del Tirol del sur en el seno de una comunidad de habla alemana. Mientras tanto, dejó a los elementos más radicales (völkisch organizar la arrianización del club. Por fin, el club defendió una política colonialista que transformaba a los alpinistas en exploradores privilegiados de nuevas tierras y en los abanderados de la germanidad.

  14. The national strategy synthesis on the research in the energy domain; La synthese de la strategie nationale sur la recherche dans le domaine de l'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    The energy research strategy takes into account two main orientations: the identification, the design and the industrial validation of new technologies generating no or less greenhouse gases, progresses relative to the today technologies in order to decrease the energy consumption. The report discusses the following axis of research: technologies of poor greenhouse gases emission and alternative energy resources, the nuclear energy for the electric power production, the biomass, the photovoltaic energy by the development of less expensive technologies, the CO{sub 2} capture and storage, the energy efficiency, the energy storage, the transport sector and the fuel cells development. (A.L.B.)

  15. Report on the national strategy of research in the energy domain; Rapport sur la strategie nationale de recherche dans le domaine energetique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-05-15

    This report presents the energy situation in France and the place of the research in the energy policy. It discusses the political and legal context, the strategy orientations, the energy efficiency, the renewable energies, the fossil energies, the nuclear energy and the socio-economic factors. The actors of the energy research are detailed. (A.L.B.)

  16. Dimitris Kataiftsis, Les révoltes de femmes lors de la collectivisation de l’agriculture en URSS. Le cas des régions nationales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimitris Kataiftsis

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Un fait indiscutable pour quelques historiens qui voient dans le 20e, le siècle du communisme : Octobre 1917 est une date déterminante dans l’évolution historique des sociétés. En Russie, la date marque le début de la déstructuration des relations sociales et des comportements ancestraux par l’instauration d’une législation totalement neuve constituant une rupture de fond avec le passé tsariste.Pourtant, cette rupture de 1917 n’a pas produit les résultats espérés par les protagonistes. La NEP...

  17. Statewide evaluation of pay-for-use metering; Evaluation a l'echelle nationale du comptage en pre-paiement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    D' Zurko, D.C. [New York Gas Group, (United States); Landsberg, D. [Landsberg Engineering, P.C., (United States)

    2000-07-01

    To gain a better understanding of how best to deploy Pay-for-Use Metering technology in New York State, a consortium of eight natural gas and electric utilities conducted a feasibility study through their natural gas trade association, the New York Gas Group (NYGAS). As a result of the completed study and ongoing dialogue among utility service providers and regulators, benefits, challenges and test scenarios have been identified. During the transition to fully deregulated gas and electric industries, the regulated Local Distribution Companies (LDCs) must continue to provide service to the low-margin customers and those that are less profitable as the 'Supplier of Last Resort' (SOLR). PFU Metering has demonstrated that the consumer can save energy ranging from 5% to 20% based on the greater awareness of energy usage and associated costs. It can also turn a payment troubled customer into a good customer, making him attractive to all energy providers. For some residents who are no longer entitled to utility service due to default on deposit requirements or payment arrangements, it provides an alternative to receive energy that otherwise would not be possible. The goal of a multi-utility pilot test is to verify in varying conditions the reported benefits, change in consumer payment behavior, and projected economics. Based on evaluation during the pilot test and continuing interaction with the NYS regulators, it is likely that new procedures will be developed for full and successful implementation of PFU metering by regulated LDCs. (authors)

  18. Quality management manual. National EU air quality reference laboratory of the Federal Environmental Agency; Qualitaetsmanagementhandbuch. Nationales EU-Luftqualitaets-Referenzlabor im Umweltbundesamt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-02-01

    The 'Air' Department of the Federal Environmental Agency initiated a quality management system according to DIN EN ISO/IEC 17025 in order to carry out its tasks as a EU reference laboratory for air pollution monitoring. Harmonisation of measurements is attempted not only in the Federal Republic of Germany but world-wide. This is to be achieved by standardising the activities of reference laboratories on the basis of the DIN EN standards. The quality management system comprises complex organisational, technical and staff-oriented measures to ensure quality-relevant procedures and to control the interdependences between the individual processes. The specifications contained in this report are to ensure that quality requirements are met, and that the QM system will be updated continuously in order to ensure constant improvement.

  19. L'articulation des dimensions nationale, régionale et internationale de la politique pétrolière bolivarienne

    OpenAIRE

    Benhassine, Achraf

    2007-01-01

    20 p.; A travers cet article, nous nous interrogeons sur les tenants et les aboutissants de la politique pétrolière Bolivarienne, c'est-à-dire de la politique pétrolière initiée par le gouvernement Chavez. Quid de l'activité pétrolière et gazière au Venezuela ? Quid des rapports entre les différents acteurs de l'industrie ? Quid des initiatives d'intégrations régionales et de coopération avec les industries des pays du sud ? Afin de répondre aux questions posées, nous développons un argumenta...

  20. National and international astronomical activities in Chile (1849-2001). (German Title: Nationale und internationale astronomische Aktivitäten in Chile (1849-2001))

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duerbeck, Hilmar W.

    The history of the Chilean National Observatory, beginning with its origins out of Gilliss' US Naval Expedition to the Southern Hemisphere, over its directors Moesta, Vergara, Obrecht, Ristenpart to the middle of the 20th century, as well as the astronomical development at the Universidad Católica, are described. Besides these national activities, various international expeditions, which aimed at the observations of solar eclipses, the Venus transit of 1882, and the Mars opposition of 1907 were carried out, a six-week photometric project of Harvard Observatory in the north of Chile, and the decade-long spectroscopic Mills expedition of Lick Observatory in Santiago. Finally, a brief overview of the evolution and the actual state of the international observatories Cerro Tololo, La Silla and Paranal, as well as Las Campanas is given.

  1. 4. national communication to the United Nation framework convention on the climatic change; 4. communication nationale a la convention cadre des Nations Unies sur les changements climatiques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    France, as the other involved participants, has to periodically present its actions in favor of the climatic change fight. This fourth national communication follows a plan defined by the Conference of the Parties to the United Nation Framework Convention on the Climatic Change. This report follows the third national convention published on 2001. It presents in nine chapters the actions realized to reduce and stop the greenhouse effect gases emissions and limit the impacts on the environment and public health: an analytical abstract, the conditions specific to the country, the inventory, the policies and measures, the projections and global effects of the policies and measures, the evaluation of the vulnerability and the climatic changes consequences and the adapted measures, the financial resources and the technology transfer, the research programs, the education formation and awareness of the public. (A.L.B.)

  2. Lobbying in climate protection. The national arrangement of the European emission trading system; Lobbyismus im Klimaschutz. Die nationale Ausgestaltung des europaeischen Emissionshandelssystems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gruendinger, Wolfgang

    2012-07-01

    The national implementation of the European Union's Emission Trading Scheme in the member states shows a wide variation in regard to the ambition of reduction targets and allocation rules. While Germany, Europe's biggest emitter, flooded the market with emission permits and provided an abundance of generous privileges to powerful coal companies, Great Britain as Europe's second biggest emitter was stingy and put significant reduction burdens on its domestic economy. In a comparative assessment of the National Allocation Plans of the EU Emission Trading Directive in Germany, the UK and the Netherlands, our study assesses explanatory factors for these differences, based on the conceptual frame of the neo-institutionalistic approach. The study reveals that the institutional opportunity structures of the respective political system and the structure of state-associations-relations represent the crucial factors for interest groups' influence rather than adaptation and/or problem pressure, and thus account for the differences in the environmental ambitiousness of National Allocation Plans. In particular, the German Bundesrat as a veto point and the antagonism between the Ministries for the Environment and for the Economy can be observed as important opportunities for interest groups to push forward their interests. The implementation of the EU Emission Trading Scheme was neither a mere administrative performance of European requirements, nor the elegant transfer of a policy instrument from the academic textbooks into reality, but rather a complex national decision-making process faced with severe distributional conflicts. Only the interaction of interests, institutions and logics of political competition can deliver an explanation for the variance of national policy implementation observed.

  3. Politique nationale et coopération européenne: La méthode ouverte de coordination ouverte est-elle devenue plus contraignante? (1)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vanhercke, B.; Hamel, M.P.

    2008-01-01

    De récentes « évaluations » de différentes MOC ont décrié ces processus de coordination, les qualifiant de « purement rhétoriques et de peu de valeur », de « lointains et peu pertinents », voire pire, de « diversion à la mode ». Les auteurs rejettent ce point de vue qui considère la MOC comme de la

  4. Local network interconnection through a satellite point-to-multipoint link. Ph.D. Thesis - Ecole Nationale Superieure des Telecommunications, 6 Jul. 1985

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duarte, O. Muniz Bandeira

    1986-01-01

    Four architectures to implement a point to multipoint satellite link protocol for communication services offered by the Telecom 1 satellite network are presented. A safe communication service with error correction and flow control facilities is described. It is shown that a time transparent communication system combines simplicity and cost advantages.

  5. National campaign of measurement of domestic exposure to radon IPSN-DGS; Campagne nationale de mesure de l'exposition domestique au radon IPSN-DGS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gailliez, E. [CEA/Fontenay-aux-Roses, Inst. de Protection et de Surete Nucleaire, IPSN, 92 (France)

    2000-10-01

    The radon atlas in accommodation, published by the Institute of Nuclear Protection and Safety (I.P.S.N.) and the General Direction of Health (D.G.S.), and available from http://www.ipsn.fr, presents maps and statistical elements from 12 641 measures made in 10013 communes, from 1982 up to and including 1999. The objective pursued is to estimate in an overall way the French population exposure to domestic radon. An update is planned regularly (every two years). In its present version, the modesty of the measures number and the local strong disparities make very difficult the identification of risk areas at the communal level: high voluminal activities can be noticed in any commune; whereas a housing situated in a commune classified in the highest group will not show inescapably a strong concentration in radon leading to take rapid measures. The average value of radon voluminal activity measured in France is 90 Bq. by m{sup 3}. For the risk management, the authorities have kept the value of 400 Bq. by m{sup 3} as caution objective and this one of 1000 Bq. by m{sup 3} as alert threshold, in yearly average value. (N.C.)

  6. Création d'une académie nationale des télécentres aux Philippines ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ces dernières années, le mouvement des télécentres a pris de l'ampleur dans les Philippines, principalement à cause du Réseau des centres électroniques communautaires des Philippines (PhilCeCNet) mis sur pied grâce au soutien financier et technique octroyé dans le cadre du programme telecentre.org du CRDI ...

  7. Adaptation to the climatic change in Germany. Regional scenarios and national challenges; Anpassung an Klimaaenderungen in Deutschland. Regionale Szenarien und nationale Aufgaben

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-10-15

    The report describes the observed climatic change based on the examples of extreme rainfall and Elbe flood in August 2002, and the extreme heat-wave summer 2003. The expected consequences of the climatic change in Germany require adaptations with respect to flood prevention and control measures, forestry and heat-wave warning systems. The competence center ''climatic change consequences and adaptation'' was established within the Federal Environmental Agency.

  8. Iṣlâḥ ibâḍite et intégration nationale : vers une communauté mozabite ? (1925-1964

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Augustin Jomier

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Constitué en mouvement social au cours des années 1930, principalement sous la direction du cheikh Bayyûḍ, l’iṣlâḥ constitue un élément majeur de l’histoire et de la mémoire du Mzab à l’époque contemporaine. Si les oulémas réformistes ont principalement affirmé leur action dans le domaine éducatif, ils se sont aussi engagés dans une action politique, à la fois à l’échelle locale, par la conquête des institutions « traditionnelles » du Mzab et, à l’échelle algérienne, en entrant ouvertement dans le jeu institutionnel colonial à partir de 1947. Cette dynamique religieuse et les actions politiques qu’elle a générées se sont accompagnées d’une réflexion sur le rapport de l’ibadisme aux autres madhâhib et sur la place des berbères dans l’histoire du Maghreb arabe et de l’Algérie. Ainsi par leur action politique, les oulémas réformistes se sont affirmés comme les leaders d’une communauté qu’ils construisaient, en réinterprétant les institutions traditionnelles. Au même moment, par leur réflexion dans le domaine de l’historiographie, ils ont œuvré à articuler les identités ibâḍite et mozabite à celle, en construction, de la nation algérienne. Dans cet article, je me propose d’interroger le rôle que les oulémas réformistes ont joué dans ce processus double, politique et intellectuel, de construction de la population ibâḍite et mozabite en communauté politique, processus qui a accompagné son entrée dans l’ensemble algérien. Pour cela je m’appuierai sur certains textes des oulémas de l’iṣlâḥ et de l’historiographie du mouvement, ainsi que sur les archives coloniales (ANOM, Aix-en-Provence et celles des Missionnaires d’Afrique (Pères Blancs, Rome.

  9. Iṣlâḥ ibâḍite et intégration nationale : vers une communauté mozabite ? (1925-1964)

    OpenAIRE

    Augustin Jomier

    2012-01-01

    Constitué en mouvement social au cours des années 1930, principalement sous la direction du cheikh Bayyûḍ, l’iṣlâḥ constitue un élément majeur de l’histoire et de la mémoire du Mzab à l’époque contemporaine. Si les oulémas réformistes ont principalement affirmé leur action dans le domaine éducatif, ils se sont aussi engagés dans une action politique, à la fois à l’échelle locale, par la conquête des institutions « traditionnelles » du Mzab et, à l’échelle algérienne, en entrant ouvertement da...

  10. Création d'une académie nationale des télécentres aux Philippines ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... lignes directrices opérationnelles et de normes de compétence et la mise en place d'un programme d'agrément. L'équipe offrira également un cours sur les télécentres communautaires reposant sur une démarche de formation des formateurs, constituera un réseau de mentors, mènera des activités de marketing social et ...

  11. N.3201 National Assembly law project relative to the energy sector; N.3201 Assemblee Nationale projet de loi relatif au secteur de l'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    This law text, elaborated in the framework of the energy market deregulation, presents the market deregulation and the free choice for the consumers, the dispositions relative to the gas and electric power distribution, the dispositions relative to the Gaz de France capital and the State control and dispositions relatives to contracts of natural ags and electric power supply. (A.L.B.)

  12. Protéger la biodiversité : Les lois nationales régissant l'accès aux ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les directeurs. Susan Perkoff Bass est directrice du Programme interaméricain à l'Environmental Law Institute de Washington, D.C., aux États-Unis. Manuel Ruiz Muller est chercheur principal du Programme sur la biodiversité de la Sociedad Peruana de Derecho Ambiental ( SPDA ) à Lima, au Pérou.

  13. National campaign - 100 collectivities connected to the green electric power; Campagne nationale - 100 collectivites se branchent a l'electricite verte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    Since july 2004, the local collectivities, the little and medium enterprises and the craft workers can choose their electric power supplier. This offer can be a chance for the renewable energy. The association ''eco maires'' with the help of the WWF began a campaign to obtain the involvement of 100 collectivities interested by the green electric power. The project is presented. The authors presents also the new European Network on the green electric power, Eugene (European Green Electricity Network), which aims to harmonize criteria on the green electric power and to deliver certificates of quality. (A.L.B.)

  14. The indicators of the national strategy for sustainable development 2010-2013 - 2012 issue; Les indicateurs de la strategie nationale de developpement durable 2010-2013 - edition 2012

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-02-15

    The French national strategy for sustainable development has been adopted within the context of the Grenelle de l'Environnement. Fifteen key indicators (raw materials, early exits from the education system, research and development, women participation to governance bodies, aggregated emissions of six greenhouse gases, carbon print, renewable energies, energy consumption in transports and GDP, abundance index of common bird populations, soil artificialization, life expectancy and healthy life expectancy, monetary poverty rate after social transfers, senior employment rate, share of young people out of work and out of education, public aid to development) and four indicators of economic and social context (gross domestic income and GDP per inhabitant, unemployment and under-employment rates, income distribution, total fertility rate) have been defined. These indicators are presented and discussed with respect with nine different challenges

  15. Support for a special symposium to highlight the research of early career women physical chemists at the 2011 fall ACS nationall meeting, Aug 28-Sept

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richmond, Geraldine [Univ. of Oregon, Eugene, OR (United States)

    2012-12-19

    The symposium was well attended during the 4-day symposium. The invited speakers were primarily women in early career stage (~4-8 years) with a few senior women and men as invited speakers or session chairs. Included in each day was a Poster Session for graduate students and a lunch in which the turn out was strong and the posters presented encouraged much of dialogue with the invited speakers, guests and others attending the ACS meeting and wanted to discuss the student's research and meet with the speakers. Most all speakers and participants were very positive about the sessions and expressed that the funding to cover some expenses made it possible for them to attend the conference and the poster session luncheon. There was a total of 51 presenters, below are the speakers and their abstracts, in order presented:

  16. De Gouden Eeuw als ijkpunt van de nationale identiteit. Het beeld van de Gouden Eeuw in verzetsliteratuur tussen 1806 en 1813

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lotte Jensen

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In tracing the conceptualisation of the Dutch Golden Age to its historical roots, the Napoleonic period (1806-813 can be understood to have played a pivotal role. Key writers of this era, such as Loosjes, Helmers, Tollens, and Siegenbeek, considered the Golden Age to have been instrumental in laying the foundations of Dutch culture and establishing a benchmark for Dutch identity formation. Their representations of the nation's history might be interpreted not merely as attempts at flaunting chauvinistic sentiments, but also as articulations of Dutch resistance against French rule. The dynamics of this relationship between 'foreign' and 'native' can be elucidated by an analysis of the ways in which Amsterdam and Vondel feature in early nineteenth-century literature and literary historiography: both city and poet served not only as potent symbols of a thriving nation, but also as beacons of resistance.

  17. National evaluation commission relative to the researches on the radioactive wastes management; Commission nationale d'evaluation relative aux recherches sur la gestion des dechets radioactifs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    Implemented in april 1994, the National Evaluation Commission (CNE) continues in this tenth report, its study on the radioactive wastes management following the three axis defined by the 1991 law: separation and transmutation, underground disposal, conditioning and log time storage. This report takes stock on the CNE activity in 2003 as on the researches advances around these three axis. In the framework of the international cooperation, the commission details also the researches and realizations abroad. (A.L.B.)

  18. Monsters and Clowns Incorporated: the Representations of Adolf Hitler in British and American WWII Propaganda Posters Monstres, clowns et compagnie : les représentations d’Hitler dans les affiches de propagande britanniques et américaines pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cécile Vallée

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Dans les affiches de propagande britanniques et américaines de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, les représentations d’Adolf Hitler font de lui soit un monstre effrayant, sanguinaire et diabolique, soit un clown grotesque, un pantin ridicule et risible, une cible qu’il faut frapper, écraser, ou détruire d’une façon ou d’une autre. S’adressant au sens de l’humour du spectateur, à ses peurs ou à son aversion, les artistes de propagande des deux côtés de l’Atlantique utilisent des leviers émotionnels et des tons très variés pour faire du dictateur nazi un des ressorts principaux de la participation à l’effort de guerre. Ces caricatures d’Hitler, dont l’objectif final était d’encourager la production et les économies ou de lutter contre les bavardages intempestifs, révèlent une condamnation morale ou politique et font partie de la propagande de soutien au moral, qui vise à galvaniser les Troupes de l’Intérieur en présentant la victoire comme quelque chose de vital ou d’inéluctable. Qu’il soit monstre ou clown, on fait tomber le dictateur déshumanisé de son piédestal, un piédestal si soigneusement construit pour lui par la propagande nazie.

  19. L’éthique japonaise comme modèle dans l’entreprise taiwanaise. Le cas de Hsu Wen-lung et la compagnie Chimei Japanese Ethics as a Model in Taiwanese Companies: The Case of Hsu Wen-lung and the Chimei Corporation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yū Yamada

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Fondateur de l’entreprise taiwanaise Chimei, Hsu Wen-lung est une personnalité incontournable à Taiwan dans les domaines de la technologie de pointe, du mécénat et de la politique. Issu d’une famille modeste, il met en place en quelques années et à partir de peu de moyens un empire industriel et financier, tout en tranchant nettement avec ses concurrents en ce qui concerne la gestion de l’entreprise et ses activités externes. En effet, on peut remarquer, tant dans le management de Chimei, les activités de mécène des arts et de la musique que dans ses ouvrages, discours officiels et privés, que Hsu voue une admiration profonde au Japon et à certaines personnalités japonaises qui ont œuvré au développement de Taiwan durant la période d’annexion de l’île par le Japon, de 1895 à 1945. Après avoir retracé les grandes lignes de l’histoire de Hsu et de Chimei, on s’attellera à expliquer d’une part la représentation du Japon et de la période japonaise chez Hsu, et, d’autre part, l’influence japonaise – notamment celle de l’éthique du bushidō – dans l’organisation de son entreprise et ses activités de mécénat.Founder of Taiwanese-based Chimei company, Hsu Wen-lung is an eminent figure in Taiwan, especially in high technology, patronage and political fields. Even if he was not very well off in the beginning, he eventually set up a financial and industrial empire, while differing greatly from his rivals because of the peculiar way of managing Chimei. Apart from the factory, Hsu decided to invest into patronage of arts, hospitals, environmental and educational programs. In his actions, the books he wrote, in official and private declarations as well, Hsu repeatedly manifests that he feels a profound admiration for Japan and for some well-known Japanese who tended to develop Taiwan during Japanese Rule (1895-1945. In this paper we begin with a presentation of Hsu and Chimei, then we explain what kind of ties he built with Japan through the firm, through his activities of patronage. Afterwards, we present how Hsu has been influenced during his youth by the bushidō, the Japanese “traditional” moral code, and how he tried to spread this philosophy in all Chimei’s activities.

  20. Work/Family Balancing and 24/7 Work Schedules: Network Analysis of Strategies in a Transport Company Cleaning Service: Concilier travail-famille et horaires 24/7: analyse réseau des stratégies au sein du service de nettoyage d'une compagnie de transport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lefrançois, Mélanie; Saint-Charles, Johanne; Riel, Jessica

    2017-11-01

    Whether or not official work/family balance measures exist within an organization, scheduling accommodations often go through informal channels involving colleagues and superiors and are negotiated within interpersonal relationships. This study examines the relationship dimensions of the scheduling strategies of cleaners working atypical hours in the transport sector through the lenses of ergonomic activity, network, and gender analyses. Using semi-directed interviews, observation, and network analysis, we revealed the effect of gender on relationship dynamics and the influence of these dynamics on work/family balance strategies deployed by cleaners. One of the main contributions of this study is to demonstrate the decisive effect of relationships by revealing inequalities in access to organizational social networks. Creating spaces to discuss work/family balancing and a more equitable circulation of information could contribute to reducing inequalities associated with gender, social status, and family responsibilities and support the work/family strategies developed by workers dealing with restrictive work schedules. Résumé Les accommodements du temps de travail pour la conciliation travail-famille (CTF) passent souvent par des ententes informelles qui s'inscrivent dans les relations entre collègues ou avec des gestionnaires. Notre étude, intégrant l'ergonomie et la communication dans une perspective de genre, porte sur les dimensions relationnelles des stratégies de choix d'horaire d'agentes et agents de nettoyage devant composer avec des horaires atypiques dans le secteur des transports. À partir d'entretiens semi-dirigés, d'observations et d'analyse de réseaux, nous avons pu observer l'influence des dynamiques relationnelles, notamment de genre, sur les stratégies de CTF. Un apport central de cette étude est de montrer l'effet structurant des relations en révélant notamment des inégalités dans l'accès aux ressources facilitant le choix d'horaire, mais aussi dans l'inclusion au sein du réseau de relations. L'article conclut en proposant des pistes de solutions concrètes pour la réduction de ces inégalités.

  1. Architecture du livre-univers dans la science-fiction, à travers cinq oeuvres : Noô de S. Wul, Dune de F. Herbert, La Compagnie des glaces de G.-J. Arnaud, Helliconia de B. Aldiss, Hypérion de D. Simmons

    OpenAIRE

    Genefort, Laurent

    1997-01-01

    MENTION: très honorable avec félicitations du jury.; This doctoral thesis sets the task of studying a category of science fiction novels commonly named as the "universe-book". Five literary works illustrate the theory with a special leaning for _Noo_ (Stefan Wul, 1977).The first part of the dissertation tends to locate the "universe-book" 's orientations within the realm of science fiction. As a matter of fact, the "universe-book" has its roots in the mid XXth century. A few editorial clues d...

  2. BP « Deepwater Horizon » du Golfe du Mexique à l’Afrique : un tournant pour l’industrie pétrolière ? BP “Deepwater Horizon” from the Gulf of Mexico to Africa : a turning point for the Oil Industry ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Géraud Magrin

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available L’explosion de la plateforme BP Deepwater Horizon du 20 avril 2010 constitue une des plus graves pollutions pétrolières de l’histoire. Sa localisation dans les eaux du premier consommateur mondial, et l’implication d’une des compagnies les plus avancées en matière de responsabilité sociale d’entreprise, sont révélatrices des enjeux actuels de la gestion environnementale des risques pétroliers. Alors que les gisements les plus accessibles sont exploités par des sociétés nationales, les compagnies internationales satisfont l’inextinguible demande en pétrole du système mondial en explorant des situations extrêmes, comme les eaux très profondes. Cela s’accompagne de risques croissants. La catastrophe de BP nous montre le danger de considérer un risque infime comme une absence de risque : l’exemption de planification d’urgence explique la longue durée et l’ampleur de la fuite. Elle rappelle aussi que les impacts du pétrole ne sont bien connus qu’à la surface et le long des côtes : or, cette fuite en eaux profondes causera des dommages écologiques graves dans les zones pélagiques. Cet événement changera les règles du jeu de la régulation environnementale pétrolière dans les zones sensibles. Nous donnons un aperçu des évolutions qu’il pourrait favoriser en Afrique, notamment en Mauritanie. Il reste à savoir si l’augmentation des coûts qui en résultera contribuera à accélérer la transition énergétique mondiale hors de la dépendance des hydrocarbures.On Thursday the 20th april 2010, the blowout of the Deepwater Horizon drilling platform operated by BP in the Gulf of Mexico starts what can be considered one of the major oil spills in the world history. Taking place in the national waters of the world’s first oil consumer and affecting one of the more advanced oil major in Corporate Social Responsibility, this accident may turn out to be a land mark for environmental management in the

  3. Recent and future developments of the oil industry in Russian Federation and more particularly in the Republic of Baskortostan; Evolution recente et perspectives d'evolution de l'industrie petroliere en federation de Russie et plus specialement dans la Republique du Bachkortostan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garifullin, R

    2001-09-01

    The objective of the thesis is to analyse the actual situation in the Russian oil industry and to envisage basic ways if its future development. The first chapter evaluates the place of the former USSR and Russia in the world and particularly European systems of energy supply. The three next chapters analyse the currents situation in the sectors of oil exploration and production, logistics and refining in Russia. The fifth chapter aims to figure out the perspectives of the refining industry taking into account the evolution of demand for basic petroleum products and the production capacities. Optimisation of refining and production volumes between the Russian refineries is done by minimising the transportation cost between the refineries and consuming regions by using linear programming. The last chapter analyses the regional impacts of the oil industry taking the Republic of Baskortostan as example. The contribution of the oil industry to regional development is evaluated in the framework of the export base theory using the Input-Output analysis as mathematical tool. (author)

  4. Experimental study and mechanical modelling of the effects of water-driving in an oil saturated chalk. Application to the petroleum industry; Etude experimentale et modelisation mecanique des effets du balayage a l'eau dans une craie saturee d'huile. Application a l'industrie petroliere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mata, C.

    2001-01-01

    The production of hydrocarbons may sometimes lead to compaction of the oil-reservoir layers with substantial collapse of the soil surface; this mechanism is usually mentioned as Subsidence. Classical remedy to this problem is to sustain the fluid pressure with the help of water injection. However, in presence of high porosity chalk (porosity > 30%), this technique does not give effective results: the subsidence rate at North Sea reservoirs (Ekofisk field), after injection, has remained unchanged. Some justify the subsistence in the chalk as caused by phenomena of dissolution of the carbonates; others think it is connected to the destruction of capillary menisci. In this research, we follow this second approach. This study is finalized to a better understanding of the compaction mechanisms in pure carbonates when water is injected. This is done by proposing -in micro-scale first and in macro-scale after- a physical model that agrees with empirical observations. In order to meet this target, IFP skills and experience in physical and chemical measurements (taken before, after and during mechanical tests) have proficiently joined ENPC laboratory (CERMMO) knowledge of micro and macro modelling. The soft rock studied is a Paris basin's white chalk (Craie de Guerville). Its physical and chemical characterisation (i.e.: silica content, porosity, permeability) is very similar to North Sea chalk, but Guerville chalk has never been in contact with oil and generally it crops out of the ground surface. Strength parameters of this rock have been first determined by standard triaxial tests. Three different saturation configurations have been examined: dry, fully oil-saturated and fully water-saturated. As literature clearly state, dry chalk is stronger than oil saturated chalk and the first two are largely stronger than water saturated chalk. Therefore uniaxial strain water injection tests have been performed on oil saturated samples. Results, coupled with previous physical measurements and SEM observation, let us highlight two different contributions to mechanical strength of chalk-: 1) The cohesion due to solid micro-bridges between calcite grains (always present in intact samples); 2) The cohesion due to water capillary menisci (which decreases when the degree of water saturation increases). On these grounds, an elasto-plastic model is proposed is order to explain how contributions are coupled. In this modelling, plastic strain is an hardening parameter while water saturation ratio is a softening one. Applications are developed in order to relate water-driving, stress state and subsidence rate in an oil reservoir configuration. (author)

  5. Oil and gas investment projects in the frame of the Kyoto protocol flexibility mechanisms in Russia; Projets d'investissement dans l'industrie petroliere et gaziere russe dans le cadre des mecanismes de flexibilite du protocole de Kyoto

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Platonova, A

    2005-02-01

    This PhD thesis evaluates the perspectives of the oil and gas investment projects in the frame of the Joint Implementation mechanism in Russia. From the energy point of view, the relationships between climate policy and energy systems are described and the main sources of GHG emissions reductions in the Russian oil and gas sector are evaluated. From the environmental point of view, the JI is firstly considered as an economic instrument of the international climate agreements. Secondly, are demonstrated the characteristics of the JI perturbing his efficiency and his capacity to ensure the environmental quality of projects. Based on the specificities of Russian climate policy, two scenarios of its development are proposed to estimate the perspectives of JI in the oil and gas sector in the middle term. (author)

  6. Cuba's opening to oil in the Gulf of Mexico: between Mexico's opposition to change and the United States' Blockade; L'ouverture petroliere de Cuba dans le Golfe du Mexique: entre l'immobilisme Mexicain et le blocus des Etats-Unis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De la Vega Navarro, A. [Universite Nationale Autonome, Faculte d' Economie (UNAM) (Mexico)

    2007-07-15

    The future of oil for Cuba, Mexico and the United States, which have common maritime borders, lies in the deep waters of the Gulf of Mexico. Cuba faces an energy transition where that source of energy still lays a role, considering the economic and technological structures from the past. Among others, it has opened its territory to international companies, providing them with access to carbon hydride resources in an area of strategic importance, in the midst of a world energy situation where each barrel of oil counts. In addition to economic and technological factors, the Cuban oil opening is explained by the critical situation generated after the termination of the relationship that the country had maintained for several decades with the USSR. The out-come and credibility of such opening should be put into perspective with its ability to build an institutional and regulatory environment likely to attract foreign investments in high risk exploration and production activities. At the same time, Cuba has managed to complete the internal effort conducted with the help of international companies, by engaging in a special relationship with Venezuela, as part of new regional integration programmes and energy cooperation initiated by that country. (author)

  7. 76 FR 2115 - Granting of Request for Early Termination of the Waiting Period Under the Premerger Notification...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-12

    ... First Advantage Canada, Inc. G First Advantage Europe Ltd. G Verify Limited. G First Advantage Japan KK.... G Compagnie de Saint-Gobain. G Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. G Saint-Gobain Advanced...

  8. Miks paisub Avignon viis korda? / Andres Keil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Keil, Andres, 1974-

    2006-01-01

    Avignoni teatrifestivali OFF-programmist. Pikemalt Bernard-Marie Koltési näidendi "La nuit juste avant les forets" lavastusest (trupp Compagnie Pourquoi) ja lavastusest "Mascarade" (trupp Viva La Commedia)

  9. Proceedings of the Annual Symposium on Frequency Control (42nd) Held in Baltimore, Maryland on 1-3 June 1988

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-06-03

    Ren6 Lef~vre Centre National d𔄀tudes des Tilicommunications 196 av. H. Ravera 92220 Bagneux France Jean Pierre Aubry and Serge Lechopier Compagnie...R. Lang and V. F. Miuskov, "Dislocations and Fault Induced Frequency and Resistance Changes in Surfaces in Synthetic Quartz", J. Appl. Phys., vol 38...the crystals were studied by X-ray Lang projection topo- Quartz crystals as a consequence of their piezo- graphy with MoKa radiation. It is observed

  10. Feedback from uncertainties propagation research projects conducted in different hydraulic fields: outcomes for engineering projects and nuclear safety assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bacchi, Vito; Duluc, Claire-Marie; Bertrand, Nathalie; Bardet, Lise

    2017-04-01

    In recent years, in the context of hydraulic risk assessment, much effort has been put into the development of sophisticated numerical model systems able reproducing surface flow field. These numerical models are based on a deterministic approach and the results are presented in terms of measurable quantities (water depths, flow velocities, etc…). However, the modelling of surface flows involves numerous uncertainties associated both to the numerical structure of the model, to the knowledge of the physical parameters which force the system and to the randomness inherent to natural phenomena. As a consequence, dealing with uncertainties can be a difficult task for both modelers and decision-makers [Ioss, 2011]. In the context of nuclear safety, IRSN assesses studies conducted by operators for different reference flood situations (local rain, small or large watershed flooding, sea levels, etc…), that are defined in the guide ASN N°13 [ASN, 2013]. The guide provides some recommendations to deal with uncertainties, by proposing a specific conservative approach to cover hydraulic modelling uncertainties. Depending of the situation, the influencing parameter might be the Strickler coefficient, levee behavior, simplified topographic assumptions, etc. Obviously, identifying the most influencing parameter and giving it a penalizing value is challenging and usually questionable. In this context, IRSN conducted cooperative (Compagnie Nationale du Rhone, I-CiTy laboratory of Polytech'Nice, Atomic Energy Commission, Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières) research activities since 2011 in order to investigate feasibility and benefits of Uncertainties Analysis (UA) and Global Sensitivity Analysis (GSA) when applied to hydraulic modelling. A specific methodology was tested by using the computational environment Promethee, developed by IRSN, which allows carrying out uncertainties propagation study. This methodology was applied with various numerical models and in

  11. Seasonal forecasting for water resource management: the example of CNR Genissiat dam on the Rhone River in France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dommanget, Etienne; Bellier, Joseph; Ben Daoud, Aurélien; Graff, Benjamin

    2014-05-01

    Compagnie Nationale du Rhône (CNR) has been granted the concession to operate the Rhone River from the Swiss border to the Mediterranean Sea since 1933 and carries out three interdependent missions: navigation, irrigation and hydropower production. Nowadays, CNR generates one quarter of France's hydropower electricity. The convergence of public and private interests around optimizing the management of water resources throughout the French Rhone valley led CNR to develop hydrological models dedicated to discharge seasonal forecasting. Indeed, seasonal forecasting is a major issue for CNR and water resource management, in order to optimize long-term investments of the produced electricity, plan dam maintenance operations and anticipate low water period. Seasonal forecasting models have been developed on the Genissiat dam. With an installed capacity of 420MW, Genissiat dam is the first of the 19 CNR's hydropower plants. Discharge forecasting at Genissiat dam is strategic since its inflows contributes to 20% of the total Rhone average discharge and consequently to 40% of the total Rhone hydropower production. Forecasts are based on hydrological statistical models. Discharge on the main Rhone River tributaries upstream Genissiat dam are forecasted from 1 to 6 months ahead thanks to multiple linear regressions. Inputs data of these regressions are identified depending on river hydrological regimes and periods of the year. For the melting season, from spring to summer, snow water equivalent (SWE) data are of major importance. SWE data are calculated from Crocus model (Météo France) and SLF's model (Switzerland). CNR hydro-meteorological forecasters assessed meteorological trends regarding precipitations for the next coming months. These trends are used to generate stochastically precipitation scenarios in order to complement regression data set. This probabilistic approach build a decision-making supports for CNR's water resource management team and provides them with

  12. DYNAMIQUE DES PEUPLEMENTS DE POISSONS DANS LE RÉSERVOIR DE PETIT-SAUT (FLEUVE SINNAMARY, GUYANE FRANÇAISE.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DE MÉRONA B.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available La modélisation des effets des barrages hydroélectriques nécessite un grand nombre de données d’observation dans chacune des situations concrètes. En zone tropicale ces données sont souvent incomplètes et de nature hétérogène rendant difficile la comparaison entre des situations différentes. En janvier 1994, Electricité de France (EDF : Compagnie Nationale française d’Electricité a procédé à la fermeture du barrage de Petit-Saut sur le fleuve Sinnamary en Guyane française. A cette occasion, un suivi environnemental a été mené sur une période s’étendant depuis 5 années avant la fermeture jusqu’à 7 années après. En ce qui concerne les poissons, trois phases successives dans le processus de colonisation du lac ont été identifiées. Pendant la phase de mise en eau, les captures de poissons ont rapidement augmenté alors que la richesse spécifique diminuait. Une espèce dominait le peuplement. Durant les 2 années qui ont suivi, les captures se sont maintenues à un niveau élevé alors que la richesse spécifique continuait à diminuer. Le peuplement était dominé par deux espèces capables de tirer avantage des nouvelles ressources offertes par le lac. Enfin, au cours des 4 années suivantes, les captures diminuaient lentement et régulièrement et la composition spécifique se modifiait profondément. Ce schéma semble conforme à ce qui a été observé dans plusieurs grandes retenues en zone tropicale.

  13. National measures fostering alternative vehicles: electric, natural gas, liquefied oil gas vehicles; Dispositions nationales en faveur des vehicules alternatifs: vehicules electriques, au gaz naturel (GNv) et au gaz de petrole liquefie (GPLc)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-02-07

    This document, issued by the French Ministry of Economy, Finances and Industry, presents national measures fostering alternative vehicles, i.e., electric, natural gas and liquefied oil gas vehicles. Financial supports for studies aiming at optimizing the fleet and choosing the alternative vehicles as well as for purchasing vehicles both by counter procedure and for demonstration programmes are provided. Amount of subsidies, conditions of obtaining and categories of addressees are indicated. The document contains also two relating studies. The first one is titled 'the policy of developing alternative vehicles'. The following four items are addressed: - the present frame favouring the alternative vehicles; - the electric vehicles; - natural gas fuelled vehicles (GNV); - liquefied oil gas fuelled vehicles (GPLc). Although non-polluting the electric vehicles are not tempting because of their rather limited range (80 Km at a battery charging). So far only around 3,000 vehicles were sold. Fifty GNV buses were ordered by RATP and the figure raised at 70 in 1998 and 1999. The GPLc fleet amounts up to 70,000 vehicles and by the end of 2000 it is foreseen to reach the level of 300,000 vehicles. The second study addresses to the issue of natural gas for vehicles. It presents: - its advantages; - its peculiarities; - the action of public authorities; -the current state and trends of GNV vehicles. In a joint effort public authorities and partners of this option are aiming at a fleet of 2500 light service vehicles and 300 bus for urban transport by the end of 1999.

  14. Ethnicité, construction nationale et nationalisme dans l’aire albanaise: approche anthropologique du conflit et des relations interethniques / Ethnicity, nation-building and nationalism in the Albanian lands: an anthropological approach to the conflict and to interethnic relations

    OpenAIRE

    Doja, A.

    1999-01-01

    The dramatic events which have shaken Europe during the ten years following the dissolution of Yugoslavia, particularly the last episode which has pitted the Serbs and the Albanians against each other on who owns the Kosovo, have implicated the entire international community in the defense of a certain model of society and interethnic relations. Public opinion, muffled by the noise of the media and the intellectuals, has not always understood the significance and the reasons for the conflict ...

  15. France 2001. Third national communication under the UN framework convention on climate change; France 2001. Troisieme communication nationale a la convention cadre des nations unies sur les changements climatiques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    In line with obligations under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, France, like all the signatories of the convention, is required periodically to provide a National Communication following a plan established by the Conference of Parties to the Convention. This document provides information on national actions related to climate change. It also aims to help our country respect its commitments and encourage the release of information so as to enable an examination and in-depth evaluation of the implementation of the commitments made under the Convention, the Kyoto Protocol and the 1998 European agreement on burden-sharing within the European Union. (author)

  16. Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply. Law draft adopted by the National Assembly; Projet de Loi relatif a la Modernisation et au Developpement du Service Public de l'Electricite adopte par l'Assemblee Nationale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    National Assembly [ed.] [Assemblee Nationale, Paris (France)

    1999-03-02

    This document presents the draft of the law regarding the revamping and expanding the domestic electricity supply, adopted by the French National Assembly. The first Title devoted to the definition of the domestic electricity supply contains 5 articles. The second Title deals with the production of electricity in the articles 6 through 12. Title three concerns the transport and electricity distribution issue exposed in articles 13 through 21 and three chapters titled: - Chap. 1, Transport of electricity; - Chap. 2, Distribution of electricity; - Chap.3, Safety and security of the grids. The Title four concerns with the access to domestic electricity grids exposed in the articles 22 to 24. The fifth Title settles in articles 25 to 27 the issue of the dissociation and transparency of accounting. The articles 28 through 41 treat under Title six the problems of Regulation. The Object of Electricity Authority of France is stipulated in the Title seven containing only the article 42. Social issues are stipulated in Title eight containing two articles, the first one being a completion to Chapter III of the Title seven in the Labour Law, titled 'Electricity and Gas Industries'. Finally, the Title nine comprising articles 45 to 52 deals with Diverse and Transient Provisions. The law draft was debated in public session in Paris on 2 March and signed by the President Laurent Fabius.

  17. Recherche universitaire et priorites nationales: l'effet du financement public sur la recherche energie solaire au Canada (University Research and National Priorities: The Effect of Public Financing on Solar Energy Research in Canada).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalpe, Robert; Gingras, Yves

    1990-01-01

    The role of two main sources of university research financing in solar energy is examined to assess whether they oriented research in the direction of government programs. The strongest relationship appears to be in journal publication patterns. This scientific community has acquired the capacity to tap varying sources. (Author/MSE)

  18. Guidelines for a national epidemiological surveillance system of thyroid cancer in France; Recommandations pour la mise en place d'un dispositif de surveillance epidemiologique nationale des cancers thyroidiens

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-10-01

    At the request of the French Department of Health, a multidisciplinary Thyroid Cancer Committee, coordinated by the French Public Health Agency analysed the observed increase of thyroid cancer incidence in France and outlined the limits of the present case registration system. This Committee set up guidelines to improve the national surveillance system of thyroid cancer. The Committee analysed 4 models for the incidence survey, 3 of which have been excluded: a poor cost-benefit ratio precludes the constitution of a national registry dedicated to thyroid cancer; however, the Committee has recommended this model that still exists for thyroid cancer of the youth(under 19 years old), a national system base exclusively on pathological data would only be relevant after significant improvement of data collection, obligatory of all cases of thyroid cancer is inappropriate considering the fit prognosis of this cancer. A two level system is proposed with continuous registration of incident caes through the National Hospital Discharge survey, specific focused analysis of clinical and pathological data in case of a cluster alert in any given area. Whatever the system, it seems necessary to in general: propose a unique health registration number per patient, improve access to medical data, organize a national standardised collection of pathological findings, follow up the diagnosis practices related to thyroid cancer that have an impact on incidence rates. In conclusion, a reliable incidence survey and a follow up of diagnostic practices and of risk factors may provide a relevant model of epidemiological survey of thyroid cancers in France but such a system requires a long lasting strategic and financial involvement. (author)

  19. Use of waste fuels. Fulfilment of the inventory plan and independent review of the emission inventories for greenhouse gases. Subtask 02; Einsatz von Sekundaerbrennstoffen. Umsetzung des Inventarplanes und nationale unabhaengige Ueberpruefung der Emissionsinventare fuer Treibhausgase. Teilvorhaben 02

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lechtenboehmer, Stefan; Nanning, Sabine [Wuppertal Institut (Germany); Hillebrand, Bernhard; Buttermann, Hans-Georg [EEFA GmbH, Muenster (Germany)

    2006-03-15

    This study provides an essential contribution to the improvement of the national greenhouse gas inventory. It makes data available on the use of secondary fuels in chosen industry sectors. In terms of this study data means the physical inputs on secondary fuels as well as the associated emissions factors to calculate absolute quantities i.e. of carbon dioxide. The information for the use of secondary fuels, so far scattered to the four winds, have been systematically sighted and if necessary supplemented by estimations. The data has been collected in close collaboration with the associations of the following industries: - Cement Industry - Lime Industry - Iron and Steel Industry and - Pulp and Paper Industry The catchphrased time series data (from 1990 until 2004) gathered in this study has been implemented into the data base ''ZSE''. Time series data of secondary fuels divided by sectors and fuel types are supplemented by appropriate emission factors. And so called split factors, which characterise the share of biogenous carbon content in the whole quantity. (orig.)

  20. Biosimilars: from technical to pharmacoeconomic considerations. 30th Rencontres Nationales de Pharmacologie et Recherche clinique pour l'Innovation et l'Evaluation des Technologies de Santé. Tables rondes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Girault, Danièle; Trouvin, Jean-Hugues; Blachier-Poisson, Corinne; Gary, François; Laloye, Didier; Bergmann, Jean-François; Casadevall, Nicole; Delval, Cécile; De Sahb Berkovitch, Rima; Fagon, Jean-Yves; Gersberg, Marta; Lassale, Catherine; Lechat, Philippe; Le Jeunne, Claire; Montastruc, Jean-Louis; Prugnaud, Jean-Louis; Ratignier-Carbonneil, Christelle; Rey-Coquais, Cécile

    2015-01-01

    A biosimilar is a biological medicinal product claimed to be similar to a reference biological medicinal product. Its development plan includes studies comparing it with the reference product in order to confirm its similarity in terms of quality, preclinical safety, clinical efficacy, and clinical safety, including immunogenicity. Biosimilars differ from generics both in their molecular complexity and in the specific requirements that apply to them. Since patents on many biological medicinal products will expire within the next 5 years in major therapeutic areas such as oncology, rheumatology and gastroenterology and as those products are so costly to the French national health insurance system, the availability of biosimilars would have a considerable economic impact. The round table has issued a number of recommendations intended to ensure that the upcoming arrival of biosimilars on the market is a success, in which prescribing physicians would have a central role in informing and reassuring patients, an efficient monitoring of the patients treated with biologicals would be set up and time to market for biosimilars would be speeded up. © 2015 Société Française de Pharmacologie et de Thérapeutique.

  1. Guide for the monitoring of radiation protection during national modification and maintenance operations. Report nr 307; Guide de suivi de la radioprotection des operations de modification et de maintenance nationale. Rapport no. 309

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bataille, C.; Michelet, M.; Schieber, C.

    2010-02-15

    This methodological guide aims at helping the different involved actors in designing and implementing the monitoring of radiation protection during modification and maintenance operations performed at the national level. It describes actions to be performed by each actor in order to comply with the objectives of the four steps related to the radiation protection monitoring of an operation: the design of the radiation protection monitoring during the study phase, the adaptation of this monitoring to the concerned CNPE (electricity production nuclear centre), the radiation protection monitoring during the operation performance, and the analysis of the return on experience

  2. Project of energy orientation law modified in second lecture by the house of commons; Projet de loi modifie par l'assemblee nationale en deuxieme lecture d'orientation sur l'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This project of law follows the French national debate on energies which took place in 2003. The French energy orientation policy has to solve 3 main problems: moderating the increase and optimizing the use of energy, developing the renewable energy sources, and renewing of the nuclear power generation tool or substitution by another power generation source. The French energy policy is built around 4 main objectives: saving energy and developing renewable energy sources, protecting human health and the environment, keeping energy prices competitive, and contributing to the social and territorial cohesion by warranting an access to energy for anyone. This document details, first, the above objectives, and then details for each article the changes made with respect to previous energy and environmental legislative texts. (J.S.)

  3. LA SITUATION DES ÉCREVISSES EN FRANCE RÉSULTATS DES ENQUÊTES NATIONALES RÉALISÉES ENTRE 1977 ET 2006 PAR LE CONSEIL SUPÉRIEUR DE LA PÊCHE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    COLLAS M.

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Depuis la fin du XIX° siècle, la distribution des écrevisses en France a connu de profonds bouleversements, et l’introduction d’écrevisses allochtones en provenance essentiellement du continent nord-américain, a irrémédiablement modifié le paysage astacologique français et européen. Les quatre enquêtes réalisées en France par le Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche depuis 1977, ont permis de suivre l’évolution des différentes espèces d’écrevisses recensées sur le territoire national, mettant à chaque fois en évidence la forte expansion des espèces exotiques et le recul des espèces natives. L’enquête de 2006 n’échappe pas à cette tendance et la situation de nos trois espèces d’écrevisses doit désormais être considérée comme alarmante. Deux de ces espèces se caractérisent par un statut de conservation proche de l’extinction (Austropotamobius torrentium et Astacus astacus alors que la troisième, Austropotamobius pallipes est « réfugiée » sur les secteurs apicaux des bassins versants, confinée sur des zones soumises aux premières manifestations du changement climatique et isolées par les espèces exotiques qui progressent de plus en plus vers l’amont. En effet, l’écrevisse du Pacifique (Pacifastacus leniusculus, mais aussi l’écrevisse rouge de Louisiane (Procamabrus clarkii, sont les espèces qui montrent la plus forte expansion géographique durant la période 2001-2006. Partout elles apparaissent comme des concurrents redoutables, plus agressifs, résistants aux pathologies, capables de coloniser des habitats variés…. Ces deux espèces en particulier étendent leur aire de répartition et colonisent chaque année de nouveaux départements, de nouveaux cours d’eau, éliminant par là même, les espèces autochtones. L’expansion des écrevisses introduites, l’arrivée récente en France d’une nouvelle espèce (Orconectes juvenilis et les modifications de la Loi autorisant dorénavant le transport à l’état vivant des « espèces susceptibles de provoquer des déséquilibres biologiques » pourraient sceller définitivement le sort des écrevisses endémiques, si aucune mesure n’est prise rapidement par les autorités, dans le cadre d’un plan d’action national « écrevisse ».

  4. The new national energy story : analysis of Hydro-Quebec's promotional speeches from 1964 to 1997; Le nouveau roman de l'energie nationale : analyse des discours promotionnels d'Hydro-Quebec de 1964 a 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perron, D.

    2006-07-01

    This book examined the relationship between nationalist speeches in Quebec and the creation of the Crown corporation of Hydro-Quebec. According to the author, Hydro-Quebec has emerged as a cultural phenomenon and as a national identity of the residents of Quebec. The utility enjoys a cultural status that is unique in Canada. Television archives have revealed that public slogans and inaugural speeches empowered the utility to exploit hydroelectricity through a collective political orientation. refs., tabs., figs.

  5. Emission and costs up to and including 2030 for the current environmental policy. Background information for the National Environmental Outlook 5; Emissies en kosten tot 2030 bij het vastgesteld milieubeleid. Achtergronddocument bij de Nationale Milieuverkenning 5

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Wee, G.P.; Kuijpers-Linde, M.A.J.; Van Gerwen, O.J. [eds.

    2001-03-01

    Every four years the Dutch National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) publishes an Environmental Outlook in preparation for the National Environmental Policy Plan (NEPP). The fifth National Environmental Outlook (NEOS) describes developments in the quality of the environment in the Netherlands for 2000-2030 against a background of developments on the European and global scales. The two macro-economic scenarios of the Netherlands Bureau for Economic and Policy Analysis (CPB) used are the European Coordination (EC) scenario and the Global Competition scenario (GC). Consequences for public health, nature and the human physical environment are also indicated. 'Fixed policy' scenarios are used in the Environmental Outlook for the Netherlands. In 'fixed policy' scenarios it is assumed that all policy measures agreed on by the year 2000 will be implemented, but no new measures taken. In this way the Outlook offers baseline scenarios that can be compared with targets and objectives to facilitate the development of new policy. The Fifth National Environmental Outlook was realised with the assistance of many other Dutch research institutes. This background document to NEOS presents estimated levels of energy use, emissions and costs of environmental measures for the 1995-2020 period. The main conclusions are: The environmental problems most difficult to tackle are climate change and noise nuisance. These problems are highly related to energy use and transportation; The policy as presented in the 'Uitvoeringsnota Klimaatbeleid', a document describing the Dutch Kyoto-related climate policy, results in a reduction of greenhouse gases of 15 Mton CO2 equivalents (GS scenario) with respect to the pre-Kyoto policy in 2010. To meet the Kyoto agreements a further reduction of approximately 45 Mton CO2 equivalents is needed. If policies in the 'Uitvoeringsnota Klimaatbeleid' are further instrumentalised and made concrete, an extra reduction of 10 Mton is possible. Besides this, an additional set of measures has been defined, which will result in an extra 10 Mton emission reduction. The Dutch government wants to realise a reduction of 25 Mton in other countries. Without additional policy the emission of greenhouse gases in 2030 will, from a policy point of view, be about twice that preferred; Up to 2010 emissions of pollutants causing acidification will decrease, thanks to partly already implemented policies. The 2010 targets of the National Environmental Policy Plan will not be met: emission levels will be about 30% higher. The UN-ECE targets are less stringent, except for SO2. Neither will these targets be met. After 2010 emissions will stabilise or increase unless additional policies are implemented. Costs to avoid emissions of NH3, NOx, and SO2 will increase: the cheap measures have already been introduced, while the more expensive ones have not. In almost all sectors, measures additional to those introduced as a result of current policies are available. These are cheaper than the relatively expensive transport measures that will be taken in response to current policy. Emissions of pollutants causing local air quality problems will show a strong decrease, PM10 being the most important exception. In the next decade emissions of PM10 will stabilise. PM10 is one of the most important pollutants expected to cause health impacts. In the period up to 2030 total noise emissions from road, rail and air transport will increase. Noise emissions from passenger cars will either not or hardly decrease. Emissions from lorries will decrease marginally. This decrease is not enough to compensate for the increase in road transport. refs.

  6. For an ambitious policy of mastery of energy consumptions. The 2010 national energy prospects; Pour une politique ambitieuse de maitrise des consommations d'energie. Les perspectives energetiques nationale a 2010

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    Thirty years ago, after the first petroleum shock, France started to implement an energy mastery policy. The evolutions established during these three decades with respect to the international context and to the public policies implemented with more or less perseverance, allow to work out a status of the results obtained. This document is shared into 5 parts. Part 1 presents the main energy and environmental data for France since 1970: energy consumption, CO{sub 2} emissions, energy intensity and carbon, energy savings; and the future prospects of CO{sub 2} emissions, of primary energy market shares, and of power production from renewable energy sources by 2010-2020, according to different scenarios. Parts 2 to 5 make the same analysis for the different sectors: industry, agriculture, residential and tertiary sector, and transportation sector, respectively, and stresses on the actions to be implemented for a better mastery of the energy consumptions in each sector. (J.S.)

  7. SNS ønsker kommentarer om der er oplysninger der ændrer konklusionerne i risikovurderingen. Zea mays (MON863 X MON810). Brev fra Greenpeace til Nationale CAer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjellsson, Gøsta; Damgaard, Christian; Strandberg, Morten Tune

    2005-01-01

    "DMU har ikke fundet nogen nye oplysninger i Greenpeace kommentarer til MON863 x MON810 majsen, der ændrer vores tidligere risikovurdering (konklusioner refereret i rammenotatet pr. 29.08.2005) for anvendelse til import og videreforarbejdning uden dyrkning. Vi har tidligere kommenteret Greenpeace...

  8. The National Sustainable Development Strategy for 2010-2013: towards a green and fair economy; La Strategie Nationale de Developpement Durable 2010-2013 - Vers une economie verte et equitable

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    While briefly defining the nine challenges identified within the French National Sustainable Development Strategy which has been adopted in July 2010 in the wake of the Grenelle de l'Environnement and within a more general World and European context, this document recalls the main challenges at the origin of this strategy. It states the 15 key (energy and socio-economic) indicators and the 4 context indicators which have been defined for the strategy. It recalls that many countries are implementing such strategies, and that the French strategy has been defined in coherence with the European one. It evokes the differences which can be noticed between the strategies elaborated in the European countries

  9. Border tax adjustments for additional costs engendered by internal and EU environmental protection measures. Implementation options and WTO admissibility; Grenzsteuerausgleich fuer Mehrkosten infolge nationaler/europaeischer Umweltschutzinstrumente. Gestaltungsmoeglichkeiten und WTO-rechtliche Zulaessigkeit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hilbert, Jacqueline; Berg, Holger (comps.)

    2008-04-15

    At the end of the year 2006, France proposed the introduction of a 'climatic tariff' into the discussion of the international climatic protection. The 'climatic tariff' shall adjust extra costs, which result from the domestic production by means of environmental protection instruments and to which the import goods are not exposed, with import/export compensatory payments in the form of import duties and/or taxes on import goods. The introduction of an import/export compensatory payment system aims to load imported goods equivalent to domestic products in order to adjust competitive disadvantages. In the contribution under consideration the authors report on possibilities and problems of design for an import/export tax compensatory. The authors examine the validity of the measures of import/export compensation from legal view the World Trade Organization (Geneva, Switzerland) based on the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.

  10. N.590 National assembly. Law project of program relative to the sustainable management of radioactive materials and wastes; N. 590 Assemblee Nationale. Projet de loi de programme relatif a la gestion durable des matieres et des dechets radioactifs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    This document presents the different articles of the law text n. 590 on the management of the radioactive wastes and materials. It concerns the obligations and the liabilities of producers and users of radioactive spent fuels and wastes. (A.L.B.)

  11. Le plus ample mouvement d'affirmation et d'émancipation nationale-politique des Roumains de l'empire soviétique: le Front Populaire de la Moldavie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihai Iacobescu

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the historical context in which it was born the most important socio-political organization of the Romanians in the USSR: the Popular Front of Moldova, on May 20, 1989. There are presented organizations that joined the FPM, the Congress of the constitution, implementation of the program adopted and its essential demands. Among these demands are mentioned: the introduction of "Moldovan" language as the official language and the return to the Latin alphabet, the national anthem and coat of arms of Moldova, organization and debates of the International Conference "Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact and its consequences on Bessarabia" held in 26-28 June 1991, proclamation of Moldova's independence, in August 27, 1991.The author is convinced that in years to come, the progressive elite, which made and distributed the Popular Front of Moldova program, will find the resources to obtain moral and political conditions to legitimate it’s claims, to be released from the anachronistic remnants of the old communist nomenclature and the subordination to Moscow, joining in the Euro-Atlantic structures.

  12. Switch to Rilpivirine/Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Single-Tablet Regimen of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 RNA-Suppressed Patients, Agence Nationale de Recherches sur le SIDA et les Hépatites Virales CO3 Aquitaine Cohort, 2012-2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cazanave, Charles; Reigadas, Sandrine; Mazubert, Cyril; Bellecave, Pantxika; Hessamfar, Mojgan; Le Marec, Fabien; Lazaro, Estibaliz; Peytavin, Gilles; Bruyand, Mathias; Fleury, Hervé; Dabis, François; Neau, Didier

    2015-01-01

    Background.  The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy and tolerability of combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 virologically suppressed patients who switched to rilpivirine (RPV)/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)/emtricitabine (FTC) as a single-tablet regimen (STR). Methods.  A retrospective multicenter cohort study was performed between September 2012 and February 2014 in Bordeaux University Hospital-affiliated clinics. Patients with a plasma HIV viral load (VL) lower than 50 copies/mL and switching to STR were evaluated at baseline, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months from switch time (M3, M6, M9, M12) for VL and other biological parameters. Change from baseline in CD4 cell counts was evaluated at M6 and M12. Virological failure (VF) was defined as 2 consecutive VL >50 copies/mL. Results.  Three hundred four patients were included in the analysis. Single-tablet regimen switch was proposed to 116 patients with adverse events, mostly efavirenz (EFV)-based (n = 59), and to 224 patients for cART simplification. Thirty of 196 patients with available genotype resistance test results displayed virus with ≥1 drug resistance mutation on reverse-transcriptase gene. After 12 months of follow-up, 93.4% (95.5% confidence interval, 89.9-96.2) of patients remained virologically suppressed. There was no significant change in CD4 cell count. During the study period, 5 patients experienced VF, one of them harboring RPV resistance mutation. Clinical cART tolerability improved in 79 patients overall (29.9%) at M6, especially neurological symptoms related to EFV. Fasting serum lipid profiles improved, but a significant estimated glomerular function rate decrease (-11 mL/min/1.73 m(2); P < 10(-4)) was observed. Conclusions.  Overall, virologic suppression was maintained in patients after switching to RPV/TDF/ FTC. This STR strategy was associated with improved tolerability.

  13. Liver-related deaths in HIV-infected patients between 1995 and 2010 in France: the Mortavic 2010 study in collaboration with the Agence Nationale de Recherche sur le SIDA (ANRS) EN 20 Mortalité 2010 survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenthal, E; Roussillon, C; Salmon-Céron, D; Georget, A; Hénard, S; Huleux, T; Gueit, I; Mortier, E; Costagliola, D; Morlat, P; Chêne, G; Cacoub, P

    2015-04-01

    The aim of this study was to describe the proportion of liver-related diseases (LRDs) as a cause of death in HIV-infected patients in France and to compare the results with data from our five previous surveys. In 2010, 24 clinical wards prospectively recorded all deaths occurring in around 26 000 HIV-infected patients who were regularly followed up. Results were compared with those of previous cross-sectional surveys conducted since 1995 using the same design. Among 230 reported deaths, 46 (20%) were related to AIDS and 30 (13%) to chronic liver diseases. Eighty per cent of patients who died from LRDs had chronic hepatitis C, 16.7% of them being coinfected with hepatitis B virus (HBV). Among patients who died from an LRD, excessive alcohol consumption was reported in 41%. At death, 80% of patients had undetectable HIV viral load and the median CD4 cell count was 349 cells/μL. The proportion of deaths and the mortality rate attributable to LRDs significantly increased between 1995 and 2005 from 1.5% to 16.7% and from 1.2‰ to 2.0‰, respectively, whereas they tended to decrease in 2010 to 13% and 1.1‰, respectively. Among liver-related causes of death, the proportion represented by hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) dramatically increased from 5% in 1995 to 40% in 2010 (p = 0.019). The proportion of LRDs among causes of death in HIV-infected patients seems recently to have reached a plateau after a rapid increase during the decade 1995-2005. LRDs remain a leading cause of death in this population, mainly as a result of hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfection, HCC representing almost half of liver-related causes of death. © 2014 British HIV Association.

  14. Serum lactate levels in infants exposed peripartum to antiretroviral agents to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV: Agence Nationale de Recherches Sur le SIDA et les Hépatites Virales 1209 study, Abidjan, Ivory Coast

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekouevi, Didier Koumavi; Touré, Ramata; Becquet, Renaud; Viho, Ida; Sakarovitch, Charlotte; Rouet, François; Towne-Gold, Besigin; Fassinou, Patricia; Leroy, Valériane; Blanche, Stéphane; Dabis, François

    2006-01-01

    Background Mitochondrial toxicity was described in infants exposed to long-term antiretroviral regimens (ARVs) containing nucleoside analogues for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT). We measured the serum lactate levels in children born to HIV-1 infected (HIV+) African women receiving short-term ARV PMTCT regimens. Methods A prospective study was conducted in women-child pairs from the third trimester of pregnancy to three months of life. The exposed group was formed by children exposed in utero to nucleoside analogue ARVs, zidovudine (ZDV) or ZDV + lamivudine (3TC) from 32–36 weeks of amenorrhea until delivery. All these women received nevirapine single-dose (NVPsd) at the beginning of labor. The children received ZDV during the first 7 days of life and a NVPsd at day 3. The control group was formed by infants born to HIV+ women who had received NVPsd only and not exposed to nucleoside analogue ARVs. Serum lactate levels were measured at 4, 6 and 12 weeks of life by Cobas Integra 400™. Results A total of 836 blood samples from 338 infants were collected (262 exposed and 76 controls). Median lactacidemia was 1.8 mmol/l, Interquartile Range [1.2–2.7 mmol/l]). Overall serum lactate levels ≥2.5 mmol/l, defining hyperlactatemia were observed in 39 of the 292 infants who had at least two serum lactate measurements, 13.4%, 95% confidence Interval [9.6–17.8%]. The three-month period prevalence of hyperlactatemia did not differ between the exposed group (13.1%) and the control group (14.3%) (p=0.84). All serum lactate levels returned to normal values in all subsequent samples No case of symptomatic hyperlactatemia was detected during the study period. Conclusion Increased lactate levels were identified equally in infants whose mother received a short-term of nucleoside analogues or NVPsd for PMTCT. Although not rare, hyperlactatemia was not related to short-term exposure to nucleoside analogue ARVs PMID:16950945

  15. Polylactic acid vs. polyacrylamide hydrogel for treatment of facial lipoatrophy: a randomized controlled trial [Agence Nationale de Recherches sur le SIDA et les Hépatites Virales (ANRS) 132 SMILE].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lafaurie, M; Dolivo, M; Girard, P-M; May, T; Bouchaud, O; Carbonnel, E; Madelaine, I; Loze, B; Porcher, R; Molina, J-M

    2013-08-01

    The aim of the study was to demonstrate the noninferiority of polyacrylamide hydrogel (PH) vs. polylactic acid (PLA) for the treatment of facial lipoatrophy in HIV-infected adults. A randomized, blinded, multicentre, noninferiority 96-week study was carried out. Patients with facial lipoatrophy were randomly assigned to receive intradermal injections with PH or PLA, and were blinded to the filler. The primary efficacy endpoint was patient satisfaction at week 48 assessed using a visual analogue scale score (VAS). Secondary efficacy end-points included cheek thickness and skin-fold, lipoatrophy grading and quality of life. Safety was assessed by the reporting of adverse events. A total of 148 patients were included in the study; 93% were men, the median age was 47 years, the median CD4 count was 528 cells/μL, and the median duration of antiretroviral therapy was 12 years. Mean VAS increased from 2.8 at baseline to 7.1 and 7.5 in the PLA and PH arms, respectively, at week 48 (P=0.0002 for noninferiority) and was sustained at week 96 (6.7 and 7.9 in the PLA and PH arms, respectively; P=0.003 for noninferiority). Cheek thickness and skin-fold increases and lipoatrophy improvement were similar in the two arms. Quality of life remained unchanged or improved depending on the questionnaire used. In injected patients, subcutaneous nodules emerged in 28 (41%) and 26 (37%) patients in the PLA and PH arms, respectively (P=0.73). Four patients in the PH arm developed severe inflammatory nodules, a median of 17 months after the last injection. PH and PLA have similar efficacies in the treatment of facial lipoatrophy, but PH may be associated with more delayed inflammatory nodules. © 2013 British HIV Association.

  16. Cost-benefit analysis of stricter emission ceilings for air pollutants. National evaluation for the revision of the Gothenburg Protocol; Kosten en baten van strengere emissieplafonds voor luchtverontreinigende stoffen. Nationale evaluatie voor de herziening van het Gothenburg Protocol

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smeets, W.

    2012-06-15

    The Netherlands experiences high benefits of strict European emission targets for air pollutants. The Dutch live longer and are healthier because of extra emission reductions. In addition, damage to nature decreases. This emerges from a cost-benefit analysis of a number of possible variants for tightening emission targets by 2020 in the context of the revision of the Gothenburg Protocol [Dutch] Nederland ondervindt hoge baten van strenge Europese emissiedoelen voor luchtverontreinigende stoffen. Nederlanders leven langer en gezonder door extra emissiereducties. Daarnaast neemt de schade aan de natuur af. Dit blijkt uit een kosten-batenanalyse van een aantal mogelijke varianten voor aanscherping van emissiedoelen per 2020 in het kader van de herziening van het Gothenburg protocol.

  17. Application of the dating by fission tracks to determine thermicity of basins within petroleum potentialities: example of Sbaa and Ahnet-North basins located in Western Saharan platform, Algeria; Application de la datation par traces de fission a l'analyse de la thermicite de bassins a potentialites petrolieres: exemple de la cuvette de Sbaa et du bassin de l'Ahnet-Nord (plate-forme saharienne occidentale, Algerie)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Akkouche, M

    2007-05-15

    The interpretation of old fundamental research works and the results obtained by this study based on: the analysis of apatite fission tracks (AFT), the burial evolution curves and the sequential analysis of outcrop section, as well as the curves of signal of gamma ray (GR) analysis from drilling wells, allow to precise that the geodynamic evolution of the studied Algerian sedimentary basins (Ahnet and Sbaa) have been occurred principally in the Paleozoic era. The analysis of burial evolution curves shows that during the Paleozoic period, the sedimentation is controlled by the tectonic subsidence, particularly at the end of Carboniferous in the favor of Ougarta folding. The curves indicate an uplift from the Permian to middle Jurassic, expressed by an important erosion of sedimentary series and is considered as a response of thermal convection of the Saharan platform followed by thermal subsidence. This can be explained by the halt motion of rift extension caused by the opening of the Atlantic Ocean. To bring the sequential analysis out, it appears that Ahnet and Sbaa basins present contrasted stratigraphic recordings, so much in time than in space, indicated the different effects from subsidence and erosions according to their sectors. In thermal point of view, temperatures are still moderate in Sbaa depression and favorite the preservation of organic matter and might generate hydrocarbons until now. However, these conditions are not similar to ones in the case of Ahnet basin. In the North part of Ahnet basin (MRS-1, MSL-1), the ages are around 50 Ma, attested that sedimentary layers have been sustained a post-Hercynian thermal phase. This phase could be estimated probably more than 100 C. This is also produced during the regional extension of the Triassic-Jurassic rifting. This episode could also be responsible of disappearance (total?) of pre-existence fission tracks in the Devonian layers of the well MSR-1, which exhibits at the depth 505 m under the Hercynian unconformity an age FT of 100 my. In the south part, ages are respectively 37 and 26 Ma at the depths: 1030 m (MKRN-1) and 1532 m (BH-5). These suggest that Cenozoic thermal alteration of tracks is more intense than in the north of the basin and may reflect important erosion, eventually accompanied with high geothermal gradients. In conclusion, three thermal episodes in the studied area have influenced the formation and the migration of hydrocarbons and consequently their nature; Varisc orogenesis, the Atlantic opening to Jurassic and the thermal convection of the Hoggar at the Eocene age. Clearly, the latest is the most event which affects the hydrocarbons of Ahnet reservoirs as shown by the increased temperatures from the north to south of the studied area. A secondary cracking occurred certainly during Eocene transforming oil to gas. Also, the outcrop studies allow defining the deposits influenced by storms (shallow depth {<=} 100-150 m) in the sedimentary series of the Ougarta ridge and the evident deposits of Jokulhlaups in the unit IV in Kheneg Etlaia, locality (Ougarta). This can be observed distally at the Cambrian-ordovician of the well MSR-1 (Ahnet). (author)

  18. Les arts de la rue

    OpenAIRE

    Dapporto, Elena

    2015-01-01

    Nés dans le sillage des protestations des années 1970, les arts de la rue se caractérisent au premier abord par une très grande diversité de formes. Du théâtre de rue aux installations plastiques, de la danse urbaine à l’entre-sort forain, de la fanfare au saltimbanque, il est difficile de poser le périmètre de ce mouvement artistique qui compte aujourd’hui un millier de compagnies et plus de quatre mille personnes engagées, entre artistes, techniciens et administratifs. Les compagnies ont to...

  19. LOCACE / BALISS : un test de la cohérence géologique d'une interprétation sismique Locace / Baliss: Test of the Geologic Coherence of Seismic Interpretation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moretti I.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Durant quatre années l'Azienda Generale Italiana Petroli (AGIP, la Société Nationale Elf Aquitaine, l'Institut Français du Pétrole (IFP et Total Compagnie Française des Pétroles ont joint leurs efforts pour développer un outil de géologie structurale et un programme de rétro-déformation. Le but était d'améliorer le pointé des sections sismiques en validant l'interprétation faite par des tests de cohérence géométrique. Une section qui peut être rétro-déformée en suivant le principe de conservation de la matière est dite équilibrée. Ce projet de recherche a abouti à la réalisation de deux logiciels LOCACE et BALISS. LOCACE (LOgiciel de Construction Assistée de Coupes Equilibrées travaille à partir d'une section géologique. BALISS (BALanced Interpretation of Seismic Sections permet d'appliquer à l'image sismique profondeur les principes de l'équilibrage. Cet article rappelle les fondements de cette méthode, les différents types de déformation - rigide, couche à couche, cisaillement simple - leur mise en oeuvre dans LOCACE/BALISS et la philosophie de l'utilisation de ces logiciels. The need to use concepts of structural geology for seismic interpretation is something that is often difficult to apply because of the complexity of the zones investigated and especially because of the lack of interaction among specialists in the different areas of exploration. Likewise, quantitative geology is fairly recent, and computerized tools for structural geology are still rare although there is a multitude of them in geophysics. The existence of graphic workstations and computerized tools favoring the effective interactivity of software packages now makes it possible to integrate this implementation. The two French oil companies, Total Compagnie Française des Pétroles and Elf Aquitaine, together with Institut Français du Pétrole (IFP have joined their efforts since 1987 to develop a tool for testing the geologic and

  20. Russian Arctic Petroleum Resources Ressources pétrolières de l’Arctique russe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zolotukhin A.

    2011-12-01

    sur le rythme auquel la production provenant des zones nordiques incluant l’Arctique sera activée – que ce soit du fait de la politique nationale, du développement d’infrastructures ou d’investissement par l’état et les compagnies pétrolières. Ces zones englobent celles où une exploitation a déjà été entamée (au large de l’île Sakhaline, dans le Timan Péchora du nord et celles en attente d’une implication à venir, comme les mers de Barents et de Péchora, la Sibérie orientale, la péninsule de Yamal, la mer de Kara et le Kamchatka. Les niveaux de production offshore vont probablement être très importants pour la Russie à moyen et long terme, particulièrement du fait que la plupart (sinon la totalité de la production sera exportée et, ce faisant, ouvrira des portes vers de nouveaux marchés. De cette manière, la production offshore introduira une composante nouvelle et très significative à la stratégie d’exportation de la Russie. Toutefois, une implication active des ressources arctiques russes dans le processus global de fourniture d’énergie exige une analyse détaillée et une compréhension claire du potentiel du marché du gaz et de l’huile russes (volumes demandés, calendrier d’exécution, voies de transports; elle exige aussi une attention soutenue de la part du gouvernement sur les points les plus importants qui devront être mis en place, tels que des normes et directives nationales pour l’exploitation des ressources arctiques, une législation stable, transparente et sans surprise à titre de condition préalable nécessaire à des investissements massifs dans l’exploration et la production et, notamment, une implication active de compagnies étrangères dans l’exploitation des ressources arctiques qui pourrait apporter en même temps que les investissements une compétence et une expérience indispensables, une technologie disponible et des principes d’Hygiène, Sécurité et Environnement (HSE. L

  1. Um teatro que leva em conta a história: Emmanuel Kant

    OpenAIRE

    Zurbach, Christine

    2017-01-01

    Crítica ao espectáculo: Emmanuel Kant, de Thomas Bernhard, encenação de Roger Planchon, Théâtre National Populaire e Studio 24 – Compagnie Roger Planchon, Festival de Almada e Centro Cultural de Belém, 2004.

  2. Reconciling Work and Family Life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holt, Helle

    to shed some light on questions such as: How can compagnies become more family friendly? What are the barriers and how can they be overcome? What is the social outcome when companies are playing an active role in employees’ possiblities for combining family life and work life? How are the solutions...

  3. JPRS Report, Near East & South Asia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-07-10

    several months by five French firms: Socopa, Soge- viande , la Compagnie Europeenne de Developpement, Louis Drey- fus and the Etablissements Biret. If...important plan will tremendously transform the province’s economic outlook," he told the province’s administrative council. He said the cabinet

  4. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Saboun, M. Vol 62, No 2 (2014) - Articles Résultats de la campagne de vaccination massive des chiens et autres animaux de compagnie contre la rage dans la ville de ndjamena, 2012. Abstract. ISSN: 0378-9721. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's ...

  5. Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa - Vol 62, No 2 (2014)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Résultats de la campagne de vaccination massive des chiens et autres animaux de compagnie contre la rage dans la ville de ndjamena, 2012 · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. K Bidjeh, O Assandi, M Saboun, M Lechenne, NS Kemdongarti, R Minkedem, AO Idriss, ...

  6. Dutch Ships in Tropical Waters : The Development of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) Shipping Network in Asia 1595-1660

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Parthesius, Robert

    2010-01-01

    Robert Parthesius brengt de scheepvaart en handel van de VOC volledig in kaart. Hij toont aan dat de intra-Aziatische handel sleutel was tot het succes van de maatschappij in de zeventiende eeuw. Met dit boek rekent Robert Parthesius af met het bestaande beeld van de Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie

  7. Die samehang tussen teologiese teorie en praxis: 'n Gevallestudie ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    aussi bon pour nous et nostre salut. La ou il y a droiture, iustice, equite, il nest pas licite daller a lencontre ou de contredire. Mais quand avec lequite nostre profit aussi est conioinct luy tenant compagnie, quelle in gratitude seroit ce de ne recevoir pas paisiblement et en douceur desprit tout ce qui est du bon plaisir de nostre ...

  8. Beyond the city wall : society and economic development in the Ommelanden of Batavia, 1684-1740

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kanumoyoso, Bondan

    2011-01-01

    Batavia was founded as the headquarters of the VOC (Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie) in Asia on 30 May 1619, on the ruins of the Javanese port town of Jayakarta. To support its livelihood as a large trading centre, Batavia required a hinterland which could provide it with food crops, building

  9. Summaries of Papers Presented at the Optical Computing Topical Meeting Held in Salt Lake City, Utah on 27 February thru 1 March 1989

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-12-31

    Implementation Inside a Computer Workstation, Guy Lebreton, U. Var, SALON D France; Remy Frantz, Compagnie Europeenre des Tech- niques de ;’ ingenierie ...Ballard, "Connectionist Models and their Properties," Cognitive Science 6:205-254, 1982 305 Tu121-4 PHYSICAL OBJECT IS-A LIVING-THING &SA PLANT

  10. No. 2012 National Assembly. Constitution of the 4 october 1958. Twelve legislature. Deposed to the presidency of the National Assembly the 21 december 2004. Law proposition aiming to insure a public control of the wastes to reduce their production and to boost a new policy in matter of elimination and development; No. 2012 Assemblee Nationale. Constitution du 4 octobre 1958. Douzieme legislature. Enregistre a la Presidence de l'Assemblee nationale le 21 decembre 2004. Proposition de loi visant a assurer une maitrise publique des dechets pour la reduction de leur production et pour impulser une politique nouvelle en matiere d'elimination et de valorisation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-12-01

    The document presents in a first part the main motives of the law project: the inadequacy of the wastes treatment capacities, the too poor political approach of the problem, the necessity of reinforce the public control of the wastes management services, the financing of the wastes policy. The second part describes the law proposition articles by articles: minimize the wastes production, the wastes elimination plans, the cooperation between the public collectivities, the financial management. (A.L.B.)

  11. Dorsale Internet ouverte en République démocratique du Congo ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    En ce qui concerne la RDC, les participants ont retenu les trois priorités suivantes: la dorsale nationale, les réseaux urbains et le parc informatique. La dorsale nationale a été jugée priorité numéro un. Ce projet vise à faire une étude de faisabilité portant sur la mise en place d'une dorsale Internet nationale en RDC.

  12. N.6 report realized for the economical Affairs Commission on the law project, adopted by the National Assembly after urgency declaration, relative to the energy sector; N.6 rapport fait au nom de la commission des Affaires economiques sur le projet de loi, adopte par l'Assemblee Nationale apres declaration d'urgence, relatif au secteur de l'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poniatowski, L

    2006-10-15

    This law project concerns the organization of the french energy sector and the definition of the public utilities. After a presentation of the juridical environment of the european energy sector, the author shows, in the framework of the world energy situation, that the evolution of the juridical aspects of Gaz de France answers a real necessity. He then presents the initial law project dispositions, the modifications of the National Assembly and the amendment of the commission. (A.L.B.)

  13. N.3142 National Assembly law proposition aiming to help the purchasing of households facing the petroleum products prices increase; N.3142 Assemblee Nationale proposition de loi visant au soutien du pouvoir d'achat des menages face a la hausse des prix des produits petroliers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    This text presents the problem of the households purchasing facing the increase of the petroleum products. It recalls the government policy, and criticizes the french government gap in favor of the households. In the second part it proposes to replace the ''floating TIPP'' and to reallocate a part of the exceptional incomes of the petroleum companies. (A.L.B.)

  14. Order of the 27 October 2006 relative to the national urgency measures aiming to guarantee the supplying security of the natural gas in crisis; Arrete du 27 octobre 2006 relatif aux mesures nationales d'urgence visant a garantir la securite de l'approvisionnement en gaz naturel en cas de crise

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-11-15

    The dispositions of this order and of the associated national urgency concern a crisis prevention and the management of the country natural gas supplying. The concerned articles are presented. The national urgency plan is detailed: the legal framework, the principles and organization of the national urgency device, the organization of the crisis cell and the typology of the urgency measures. (A.L.B.)

  15. Operation disturbance by wind turbines of fixed radars from civil aviation, national defense, Meteo-France, and maritime and fluvial harbors and navigation (PNM); Perturbations par les aerogenerateurs du fonctionnement des radars fixes de l'Aviation civile, de la Defense nationale, de Meteo-France et des ports et navigation maritime et fluviale (PNM)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    Wind turbines and the movement of their blades can have penalizing effects on the processing of radars data. These disturbances can have a strong impact on the air, maritime and fluvial safety, on the protection of the territory and on the prevention of natural hazards. Reports made by the national agency of frequencies (ANFR) have established recommendations for the definition of protection areas (5 km) and coordination areas (5 to 30 km) which have to be taken into consideration prior to any project of wind turbine. (J.S.)

  16. La propagande cachée sur les ondes de la BBC pendant la Seconde Guerre Mondiale : vers une héroïsation nationale Hidden propaganda and national hero-making on the BBC Home Service during the Second World War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cécile Vallée

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available With the aim of maintaining morale on the Home Front, as well as getting the British population to trust in final victory, the British government put in place a hidden control of the BBC, which was regularly instructed as to what broadcast form propaganda should take on the Home Service. These secret, regular and precise guidelines were to result in the projection of an ultra-positive image of Great Britain and of the British at war. The systematic hero-making propaganda was to become gradually better organised, more subtle, and therefore more efficient as the years went by thanks to the expertise of BBC staff. Countless programmes were broadcast, which stressed the heroic virtues of British soldiers, of the Navy and of the R.A.F, or reminded the listeners of past heroes, the glorious history of Great Britain being systematically commemorated, thus exalting national pride daily. To the constant cult of the heroes of the Home Front (particularly of women corresponded an equally constant denigration of the Nazi enemy. Although there was no recourse to lies, the way both the military and the Home Front were presented was undoubtedly of a propaganda nature. Indeed, the aim was to win the hearts and minds of the British population by playing on two chords: on the one hand, turning the enemy into an evil beast, minimising defeats and difficulties, and, on the other hand, systematically extolling the power and glory of Great Britain and the innate qualities of the British.

  17. Intervention of Mr Nicolas Sarkozy, Government minister, minister of economy, finances and industry. Energy debate - Thursday April 15, 2004 - French house of commons; Intervention de M. Nicolas Sarkozy, ministre d'Etat, ministre de l'economie, des finances et de l'industrie. Debat sur l'energie - jeudi 15 avril 2004 - assemblee nationale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sarkozy, N.

    2004-04-01

    In this talk, the French minister of economy, finances and industry recalls, first, some important key dates of the French energy history (creation of the French electric and gas utilities (EdF and GdF) in 1946, first petroleum shock in 1973 and the start-up of the French nuclear program) and then, presents the present day energy policy and the constraints that control the French energy choices: the lack of oil and gas resources in the French territory, and the problem of the global warming. According to these constraints, the French government has defined 4 main axes: energy mastery (thermal insulation of buildings, abatement of road speed limits, development of railway and river transport, financial incentives), development of renewable energy sources, renewal of the nuclear park with the launching of the European Pressurized reactor (EPR), and development of research programs in the domain of energy. The last part presents the new European framework of the French energy policy with the change of EdF and GdF juridical statuses and the progressive convergence of the different European energy policies towards a common model. (J.S.)

  18. Submission of the national commission of the public debate on the options concerning the long life high and medium activity radioactive wastes management; Saisine de la commission nationale du debat public sur les options generales en matiere de gestion des dechets radioactifs de haute activite et de moyenne activite a vie longue

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    This document deals with the presentation of a public debate on the radioactive wastes management and the opportunities of its organization. It presents successively the long life high and medium activity radioactive wastes, the today radioactive wastes management policy and some questions and topics which could be discussed during the debate. (A.L.B.)

  19. Prevalence and causes of the professional fatigue syndrome (burnout) in the house physicians of radiotherapy oncology in France: a national transversal inquiry of the S.F.J.R.O; Prevalence et causes du syndrome d'epuisement professionnel (burnout) chez les internes d'oncologie radiotherapie en France: une enquete nationale transversale de la SFJRO

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blanchard, P. [Institut Gustave-Roussy, 94 - Villejuif (France); Truchot, D. [Universite de Franche Comte, Lab. de Psychologie, 25 - Besancon (France); Dewas, S. [Centre Oscar-Lambret, 59 - Lille (France); Pointreau, Y. [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Tours, 37 - Tours (France); Dewas-Vautravers, C. [Institut Curie, 75 - Paris (France); Marchand, V. [Centre Georges Francois-Leclerc, 21 - Dijon (France); Rivera, S. [Hopital Saint Louis, 75 - Paris (France); Giraud, P. [Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou, 75 - Paris (France); Kantor, G. [Insitut Bergonie, 33 - Bordeaux (France)

    2009-10-15

    The syndrome of burnout is frequent among the house physicians in oncology radiotherapy. Numerous factors can be responsible of it: youth, lack experience, extra work, repeated management of patients seriously ill or in end of life. Interventions must be realised to improve these situations, such implementation of groups call, a system of tutelage by senior physicians, or theoretical and practical training to announcement of bad news or to the stress management. (N.C.)

  20. Advice presented on behalf of the national defense and forces commission, about the project of financial law for 2003 (no 230). Tome 2. Defense, nuclear dissuasion; Avis presente au nom de la commission de la defense nationale et des forces armees, sur le projet de loi de finances pour 2003 (no 230). Tome 2. Defense, disssuasion nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carre, A

    2002-10-01

    The first part of this document analyzes, first, the increased flexibility of the US nuclear dissuasion, then it makes a status of the ballistic and nuclear proliferation in Asia and in the Middle-East and shows the organization of the French nuclear dissuasion with respect to the evolution of the threat. The second part concerns the budget for 2003 devoted to the modernization of the dissuasion tool with the continuation of the main programs: modernization of the oceanic and air forces, front-end studies on nuclear safety and propulsion reactors, simulation program, and dismantling of the fissile materials production sites (Pierrelatte and Marcoule centers). (J.S.)

  1. Report on the bill concerning the modernization and development of electricity public service, adopted with modifications by the National Assembly at new reading; Rapport sur le project de loi, adopte avec modifications par l'Assemblee nationale en nouvelle lecture, relatif a la modernisation et au developpement du service public de l'electricite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Revol, Henri [Senat, Paris (France)

    2000-01-20

    This document is a report presented on behalf of Commission of Economic Affairs and Plan on the project of law concerning the renovation and development of electricity public service, adopted with modifications by the National Assembly at new reading. The general outlook comprises three points titled: A. Examination conditions showing little respect of Parliament; B. A position of National Assembly inspired of dogmatic considerations; C. A text adopted by the National Assembly which turns the back to Europe and does a disservice to France's industry. The examination of the articles follows. This part is structured on the following titles: The public service of electricity, (five articles); The production of electricity (seven articles); The transport and distribution of electricity (two chapters and nine articles); Access to public electricity grids (three articles); The accounting dissociation and transparency (two articles); Regulation (twelve articles); The object of EDF (one article); Diverse and transient measures (six articles). A comparative table completes the document. It contains the texts adopted by the National Assembly at first reading, the text adopted by the Senate at first reading and the text adopted by the National Assembly at new reading.

  2. Submission under the United Nations framework convention on climate change and the Kyoto protocol 2013. National inventory report for the German greenhouse gas inventory 1990-2011; Berichterstattung unter der Klimarahmenkonvention der Vereinten Nationen und dem Kyoto-Protokoll 2013. Nationaler Inventarbericht zum Deutschen Treibhausgasinventar 1990-2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2013-05-15

    The following topics are dealt with: Trends of the greenhouse gases, energy production, industrial processes, solvents and other product application, agriculture, land usage and forestry, wastes and sewage. (HSI)

  3. De la « défense nationale spirituelle » à l’accueil de réfugiés : le visage de l’étranger dans le cinéma de Leopold Lindtberg

    OpenAIRE

    Maire, Christelle

    2016-01-01

    « Ein Film aus unserer Zeit », un film de notre époque. Ces mots, choisis par Leopold Lindtberg comme sous-titre de son célèbre Marie-Louise, la petite Française lors de sa sortie en 1943, pourraient tout aussi bien définir les trois autres films que le réalisateur d’origine autrichienne réalise durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Le Fusilier Wipf (Füsilier Wipf, 1938), Landamman Stauffacher (Landammann Stauffacher, 1941) ou La dernière Chance (Die Letzte Chance, 1945) illustrent et forgent le...

  4. Impact de la formation en français sur objectifs spécifiques sur la compétence discursive de l’apprenant scientifique marocain : cas de l’Ecole Nationale d’Agriculture de Meknès

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamila Tamesna

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available La méthodologie adoptée repose sur trois outils d’investigation à savoir, le questionnaire, l’analyse de contenu du compte rendu d’un article de vulgarisation scientifique choisi comme support de travail, et l’analyse de contenu du tableau récapitulatif du même texte-support. Nos instruments d’investigation ont permis de déceler une amélioration des acquis intégrés, mais celle-ci ne touche pas toutes les habiletés. L’étude a démontré notamment que nos options méthodologiques se sont révélées insuffisantes, car la finalité ne saurait se réduire à l’acquisition de compétences méthodologiques ou de savoir-faire, mais doit viser également la maîtrise du système proprement linguistique.

  5. L’implication de l’anthropologue dans le champ scientifique : l’exemple de la Commission Nationale de la Décentralisation du Burkina Faso Anthropological Implication in the Scientific Field: the National Decentralisation Commission of Burkina Faso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre-Joseph Laurent

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Cette contribution propose une réflexion sur la manière dont l’anthropologie peut s’articuler avec la politique. L’analyse porte sur des données relatives à la réforme administrative de l’État dans le cadre de la mise en œuvre de la décen­tralisation au Burkina Faso. À cette occasion, les travaux relatifs à la création des communes rurales ont été confiés à une équipe de chercheurs en sciences humaines. Sur la base d’une collaboration de 7 ans entre chercheurs et acteurs politiques, nous discutons ici des conditions de validité et d’efficacité de ce ty­pe de coopération, mais nous analysons surtout, en vue d’en titrer des con­clu­sions, les impasses auxquelles elle peut conduire. À partir de données em­piriques solides, le texte débat des notions de recherche fondamentale, de re­cherche-action, d’implication et d’application.An analysis of state administration reforms in respect of decentralisation in Burkina Faso gives rise to thought about politics and anthropology. The creation of rural communes was entrusted to a team of social scientists. In the light of a seven year collaboration between them and politicians the validity and efficacy of interaction and its eventual impasse are examined. Solid data allows for debate about both fundamental as opposed to action research and implication versus application.

  6. 3. national sittings on energy ''energy, urban mobility,... tomorrow: which responsibilities for the local governments?''; 3. assises nationales de l'energie. ''Energie, mobilite urbaine,... demain: quelles responsabilites pour les collectivites locales?''

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    This conference deals with the local government policy concerning the energy mastership of the transportation sector. Sixteen workshops discussed on the problem of the urban mobility in an environmental quality context: legal provisions affecting the energy mastership, mobility in the urban area, regulations, clean technologies enhancement, the public information impact on the energy consumption and the financial means. (A.L.B.)

  7. The project-related mechanisms of the Kyoto protocol. Clean Development Mechanism and Joint Implementation. Integration in the European emission trading system and national implementation; Die projektbezogenen Mechanismen des Kyoto-Protokolls. Clean Development Mechanism und Joint Implementation. Einbeziehung in das europaeische Emissionshandelssystem und nationale Umsetzung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stratmann, Anne

    2011-07-01

    The publication discusses the legal effects of the project-related mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol, i.e. the Clean Development Mechanism and the Joint Implementation, on the international and European emission trading systems. The first part describes the foundations of the mechanisms in international law and then proceeds to outline some critical aspects. The second part discusses the integration of the project-related mechanisms of the Kyoto protocol in the European emission trading system. After a general outline, the weak points resulting from the combination of the different systems are presented. The third part contains an analysis of implementation in national (German) law, in particular the Projekt-Mechanismen-Gesetz (ProMechG, Project Mechanism Act).

  8. Study and determination of the national dosimetric standards in terms of air kerma for X-rays radiation fields of low and medium-energies; Etude et realisation des references dosimetriques nationales en termes de kerma dans l'air pour les faisceaux de rayons X de basses et moyennes energies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ksouri, W

    2008-12-15

    Progress in radiation protection and radiotherapy, and the increased needs in terms of accuracy lead national metrology institutes to improve the standard. For ionizing radiation, the standard is defined by an absolute instrument used for air kerma rate measurement. The aim of the thesis is to establish standards, in terms of air kerma for X-rays beams of low and medium-energies. This work enables to complement the standard beam range of the Laboratoire National Henri Becquerel (LNHB). Two free-air chambers have been developed, WK06 for medium-energy and WK07 for low-energy. The air-kerma rate is corrected by several correction factors. Some are determined experimentally; and the others by using Monte Carlo simulations. The uncertainty budget of the air-kerma rate at one standard deviation has been established. These dosimetric standards were compared with those of counterparts' laboratories and are consistent in terms of degree of equivalence. (author)

  9. Advice presented on behalf of the commission of national defence and army, about the 2005 finances law project (no. 1800). Tome 2, defense, nuclear deterrence; Avis presente au nom de la commission de la defense nationale et de forces armees, sur le projet de loi de finances pour 2005 (no. 1800). Tome 2, defense, dissuasion nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-10-01

    Nuclear deterrence still represents an important part of French military budgets. However, its relative share is progressively reducing with the progress of the big programs implemented for its modernization. The 2005 finances law project rules out any risk of threat on these programs. This report presents, first, the schedule of the renewal of the strategic oceanic fleet (the M51 missile and the new generation of submarines) and the strategic air forces. Then, it comments the programs in progress at the direction of military applications of the atomic energy commission (CEA): a significant part of funds devoted to nuclear deterrence, the evolution of the simulation program, the delicate question of the financing of the dismantling of fissile material production facilities. Finally, it stresses of the research effort to sustain in order to stand the evolution of threats and to warrant the perenniality of deterrence: nuclear proliferation remains worrying and technologies linked with deterrence are changing rapidly, the need of a constant research effort in order to keep the competences up. (J.S.)

  10. Role of delay between surgery and radiotherapy on the outcome of patients with node positive breast cancer. Influence du delai entre la chirurgie et l'irradiation locoregionale sur l'evolution des cancers du sein N+ non metastatiques. Une etude du groupe des radiotherapeutes de la Federation nationale des centres de lutte contre le cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nguyen, T.D. (Institut Jean Godinot, 51 - Reims (France)); Naja, A. (Centre de Lutte Contre le Cancer Claudius-Regaud, 31 - Toulouse (France)); Chaplain, G. (Centre de Lutte Contre le Cancer Georges-Francois-Leclerc, 21 - Dijon (France)); Mere, P. (Centre de Lutte Contre le Cancer Leon-Berard, 69 - Lyon (France))

    1993-01-01

    In breast cancer patients with involved axillary nodes, it is now widely accepted to combine surgery, radiotherapy and systemic chemotherapy to minimize the risk of both local and distant failures. This multicentric study was carried out in order to analyse retrospectively the influence of delay between surgery and radiotherapy on both local and distant recurrences. From 1977 to 1987, 312 patients met the following criteria: unilateral tumors, no evidence of distant metastases, pathological involvement of at least one node in the axilla, therapeutic combination of surgery (mastectomy or tumorectomy with free margins), loco-regional radiotherapy and chemotherapy (CMF or anthracyclin containing regimen), 3 years minimal follow-up from the end of the treatments. The sequencing of treatments was not randomized. Radiation preceded chemotherapy in 125 patients (group I). Chemotherapy was given prior to radiotherapy in 187 patients (group II) allotted in different subgroups according to the length of interval in months (groups 112, 113, 114, 115, 116) have intervals between surgery and radiotherapy of 2, 3, 4 5, 6 months and more respectively. The median age was 45 (27 to 69) and 70% of patients were non-menopausal. TNM stagings did not significantly differ in group I and group II patients. The whole rate of local and distant relapse was 10% and 28% respectively. There were no statistically significant difference between the different subgroups. Delaying radiotherapy is not likely to increase the rate of local recurrence in node positive breast cancers. However, results should be considered with caution as far as the study is a multicentric and retrospective analysis and treatments are not homogenous particularly chemotherapy regimens. (author). 5 tabs., 24 refs.

  11. Report by the Parliamentary mission on nuclear safety, the sector's role and its future. Stage report: nuclear safety. National Assembly nr 3614, Senate nr 701; Rapport de la mission parlementaire sur la securite nucleaire, la place de la filiere et son avenir. Rapport d'etape: la securite nucleaire. Assemblee nationale No. 3614, Senat No. 701

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Birraux, Claude; Bataille, Christian [Assemblee nationale, 126 rue de l' Universite, 75355 Paris 07 SP (France); Sido, Bruno [Senat, 15 Rue de Vaugirard, 75006 Paris (France)

    2011-06-30

    Completed by several contributions, re-transcriptions of hearings and meetings, this voluminous report first presents the rigorous management of safety in the French nuclear industry. It comments how it takes natural and industrial risks into account, how working conditions are controlled and how protection against malevolent acts is performed. It presents the safety organisation as a very complete one, and shows how this management is constantly improved. In a second part, it discusses which aspects should be reinforced in priority: the taking of other natural risks into account, a deeper anticipation of possible situations. The authors outline the State's role, efforts to be made in terms of means, personnel implication, and research. They also address the case of the EPR and outlines some lack of transparency on safety matters

  12. Attitude of pregnant women towards HIV testing in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire and Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso. DITRAME Study Group (ANRS 049 Clinical Trial). Diminution de la Transmission Mère Enfant du VIH. Agence Nationale de Recherches sur le SIDA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cartoux, M; Msellati, P; Meda, N; Welffens-Ekra, C; Mandelbrot, L; Leroy, V; Van de Perre, P; Dabis, F

    1998-12-03

    To evaluate the attitude of pregnant women towards HIV testing in two cities of West Africa: Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire and Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso. In the context of a clinical trial to prevent HIV vertical transmission, HIV counselling and testing was offered systematically to women attending antenatal clinics. Informed consent was obtained and test results were given anonymously. Multiple logistic regression was performed to identify factors associated with refusal for testing and failure to return for test results. A total of 9724 pregnant women were interviewed from January 1995 to September 1996. In Abidjan (n=5766) and Bobo-Dioulasso (n=3958), 78 and 92.4% of the women consented to HIV testing, respectively, and 58.4 and 81.8% of them returned for the test results disclosure, respectively. In the two sites, the counsellors themselves and high educational level of the women appeared to be related to refusal of the test, whereas last trimester gestation was associated with failure to return for test results. In Abidjan, foreigners and employees were more likely to refuse testing, and HIV-infected women were three times less likely to return for results than uninfected women. Future implementation of interventions to reduce vertical transmission of HIV that require antenatal HIV testing and counselling will have to solve issue of acceptability of HIV testing by pregnant women.

  13. Report on the bill project related to the struggle against proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their delivery systems; Rapport fait au Nom de la Commission de la Defense Nationale et des Forces Armees sur le Projet de Loi (n. 1652) relatif a la lutte contre la proliferation des armes de destruction massive et de leurs vecteurs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-07-01

    In a first part presenting the various forms of proliferations, the author first gives a quantitative overview of illegal activities concerning nuclear materials, and then discusses the existence and activities of proliferation networks, explaining how international trade liberalization creates a favourable context for proliferations of any kind, and describing how a typical network is organised. He also discusses the example of Iraq and the case of the network created by the Pakistani scientist Abdul Q. Khan. The risk created by the hypothetical relationship between terrorism and nuclear weapon of mass destruction is also questioned. Then, after having recalled the existing international texts and the present national legislation, the author comments the contribution on the bill project and outlines aspects which are not dealt with by this bill project: radiological devices and cybernetic attacks. Then he reports the comments made by the commission on the bill project articles which define interdictions, sanctions and sentences, or procedures against people or organisations involved in the financing or the use of weapons of mass destruction (biological and chemical). A table gives a comparison between the bill project text and the commission's propositions

  14. Development of a national doctrine for the management of the post-accident phase of a radiological emergency situation; Construction d'une doctrine nationale pour la gestion de la phase post-accidentelle d'une situation d'urgence radiologique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Niel, J.Ch.; Godet, J.L. [Autorite de Surete Nucleaire (ASN), 75 - Paris (France)

    2008-07-15

    For several years, public Authorities have defined an organization for the management of emergency situations arising from an accident occurring at a nuclear installation. So far, the management of the risk arising from the post accident phase was, in itself, not explored with the same care. What so ever, no format policy on which the action of public Authority could be based is today available. The nuclear safety Authority (ASN), in relation with the other concerned departments, is now in charge, according to the above mentioned directive, to prepare and implement the necessary provisions to respond to a post accident situation. In dune 2005, ASN established the steering committee for the management of post nuclear or radiological emergency situations (CODIRPA). The definition of a national policy related to the management of the radiological risk during a post event situation having to integrate various organization aspects as: lifting of protection emergency provisions and rehabilitation of buildings, life in contaminated rural territories, agriculture and water, dose and radiological consequences, sanitary surveillance of victims and populations, indemnification, waste management of contaminated crops and soils, organization of public Authorities. During the 2. phase of CODIRPA work (2008-2009), the first elements of policy will be consolidated and new scenarios will be studied (one worsened scenario and one scenario with alpha emitting radionuclide). in parallel, a procedure for local actor's consultation should be elaborated. (authors)

  15. Talk of Thierry Breton, minister of economy, finances and industry. Talk to the association of economy and finance journalists about national and international energy questions on May 22, 2006; Intervention de Thierry Breton ministre de l'Economie, des finances et de l'industrie. Intervention devant l'Ajef sur les questions energetiques nationales et internationales, le 22 mai 2006

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    The French minister of economy, finances and industry explains the reasons of the rise of oil prices (tensions on the supply and demand balance, late recovery of investments in producing countries, geopolitical factors) and the measures that the government wishes to implement in order to bear up this situation: project of merger between Gaz de France and Suez energy groups, change of oil companies behaviour with consumers (automotive fuels price transparency), energy saving information on all energy suppliers advertisements, reinforcement of energy independence (development of renewable energy sources and of alternate automotive fuels). (J.S.)

  16. Handbook of quality management according to the regulation DIN EN ISO/IEC 17025 for the national EU reference laboratory or air quality at the Federal Office for Environmental Protection. State of the art: September 2009; Qualitaetsmanagement-Handbuch nach DIN EN ISO/IEC 17025 fuer das Nationale EU-Referenzlabor fuer Luftqualitaet im Umweltbundesamt. Stand September 2009

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Medem, Anneliese (comp.)

    2010-01-15

    The past quality management manual of the national EU reference laboratory for air quality completely was revised. The new quality management manual under consideration contains a determination of the following aspects: Organisation of construction processing, fundamental regulations of the management system concerning to quality, statements to the quality politics, paramount goals. The presented quality management system is regarded to all elements of the regulation DIN EN ISO/IEC 17025:2005 with consideration of the special requirements of the national European Union reference laboratory for air quality in the Federal Office for Environment Protection (Dessau-Rosslau, Federal Republic of Germany).

  17. Inventory compilation of F-gases 2008. Data on HFCs, PFCs, and SF{sub 6} for the national emissions reporting under the Framework Convention on Climate Change for the reporting year 2008; Emissionen fluorierter Treibhausgase in Deutschland 2008. Inventarermittlung der F-Gase 2008 Daten von HFKW, FKW und SF6 fuer die nationale Emissionsberichterstattung gemaess Klimarahmenkonvnention fuer das Berichtsjahr 2008

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schwarz, Winfried [Oeko-Recherche Buero fuer Umweltforschung und -beratung GmbH, Frankfurt/Main (Germany)

    2010-06-15

    This report presents the 2008 data on the German emissions of the fluorinated greenhouse gases HFCs, PFCs, and SF{sub 6} (F-gases) to be entered into the ZSE (Centralised System of Emissions at the German Environmental Agency). The overall emissions of HFCs, PFCs, and SF6 have doubled from 1995 to 2008, from 3,241 to 7,202 metric tons. In terms of global warming, the emissions in 2008 exceeded again the 1995 level, with 18.0 vs. 15.5 million tons CO{sub 2} equivalent. Against the previous your, the emissions in metric units have decreased the first time since 1995, however the global warming emissions, have increased by further 0.7 million t CO{sub 2} equivalent. PFC emissions remained in 2008 at the 2007 level although they show a constant down trend from 1995 onwards. Emissions of SF6, which had decreased before 2002, are increasing again from 2003/04. HFC emissions, which continue rising since 1995, stopped growing in 2008 due to a consumption drop in the foam sector. They represent almost two thirds of the total German F-gas emissions. However, only refrigeration and air conditioning are still substantial applications of HFCs, while in the formerly large application sectors of CFCs and HCFCs, such as hard foam, fire extinguishers, and aerosols, natural fluids are being used widely, today. In stationary refrigeration and mobile air conditioning, the upward trend in HFCs emissions was still ongoing in 2008. Section I of this report presents the F-gas emissions data for 2008, in addition to those in 1995, 2000, 2004, and 2007. In section II the data sources of survey are documented. Section III presents the F-gas emissions 1995 - 2008 in detailed tables, by individual sectors. (orig.)

  18. L’acquisition de la compétence culturelle dans la formation des élèves ingénieurs en agronomie : cas d’une pratique à l’Ecole Nationale d’Agriculture de Meknès au Maroc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saadia Aoudry

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Aujourd’hui, dans le supérieur scientifique et technique du Maroc, les apprenants reçoivent un enseignement en français et un enseignement du français (FOS. Comme tous les enseignants de français des établissements scientifiques, nous avons été sollicités pour dispenser à nos apprenants un enseignement fonctionnel du français par rapport à des objectifs spécifiques où le culturel est occulté par rapport au linguistique. Mais lorsque nous nous trouvons devant des besoins spécifiques et urgents, nous sommes tenus d’y répondre et d’adapter le contenu de notre enseignement, et de réadapter l’outil pédagogique aux besoins des apprenants pour construire de nouveaux matériaux intégrant l’enseignement de la compétence culturelle en plus de la compétence linguistique.

  19. UN ECE-Convention on long-range transboundary air pollution. Task Force on Reactive Nitrogen. Systematic cost-benefit analysis of mitigation measures for agricultural ammonia emissions, supporting national costing analysis; UN ECE-Luftreinhaltekonvention. Task Force on Reactive Nitrogen. Systematische Kosten-Nutzen-Analyse von Minderungsmassnahmen fuer Ammoniakemissionen in der Landwirtschaft fuer nationale Kostenabschaetzung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doehler, Helmut; Eurich-Menden, Brigitte; Roessler, Regina; Vandre, Robert; Wulf, Sebastian [Kuratorium fuer Technik und Bauwesen in der Landwirtschaft e.V. (KTBL), Darmstadt (Germany)

    2011-07-01

    In this project, the methods for the determination of the expenses for the reduction of agricultural ammonia emissions were updated, and the costs of selected, representative mitigation measures suitable for Germany's agriculture were newly calculated. The reduction costs are determined based on the ratio of the extra costs for the reduction measure and the emission reduction in comparison with a reference system. Protein-adapted feeding in pig fattening generally leads to lower expenses for feedstuff, which provides negative reduction costs (- Euro 3.5 to - Euro 13.5 per kg of NH{sub 3} depending on the reference system). Pig fattening in naturally ventilated housing causes reduction costs of Euro 9.2 per kg of NH{sub 3} as compared with forced-ventilated animal houses. However, this amount cannot always be exclusively attributed to ammonia emission reduction (allocation) because naturally ventilated houses are generally built for the improvement of animal welfare and animal health. Single and multiple-stage air purification techniques in forced-ventilated pig fattening houses are a technically efficient, though costintensive reduction measure (Euro 4,6 - Euro 8,6 per kg of NH{sub 3}). Solid covers for pig slurry stores (concrete ceiling, tent) are characterized by high investment expenses and a long service life causes moderate reduction costs (Euro 1.1 - Euro 2.5 per kg of NH{sub 3}). Floating covers (plastic sheet, granules) are almost cost-neutral given reduction costs of Euro 0.3 to Euro 0.9 per kg of NH{sub 3} (pig slurry) if the fertilizer value of the conserved nitrogen is included in the calculation. Cattle slurry requires significantly higher extra costs for the covering of slurry stores because the natural floating cover itself reduces emissions (Euro 1.3 to Euro 12 per kg of NH{sub 3}). If annual spreading performances are low (1,000 to 3,000 m{sup 3}/a), only promptly incorporation of cattle and pig slurry is cost-effective. If spreading performances are high, the costs of emission reduction for the techniques trailing hose, trailing shoe, slot injector, and slurry cultivator only range between Euro 0.3 and Euro 0.5 per kg of NH{sub 3}. In this case these techniques are cost-neutral if the fertilizer value is considered. High or moderate mitigation costs (Euro 3.6 - Euro 5.7 and Euro 0.5 - Euro 1.1 per kg of NH{sub 3}) were determined for incorporation and urease inhibition during urea fertilizer application. However, there is great insecurity with regard to actual emissions from urea. The calculations were carried out separately for individual operation steps in animal production (feeding, animal house, store, spreading). Emission reduction in one operation step influences the quantity of nitrogen in the following steps. This context including reduction effects and reduction costs is shown using a pig fattening technique as an example. (orig.)

  20. Britannia : Grandeur et infortune d’une allégorie nationale dans l’univers du cartoon britannique 1842-1999 Britannia: Greatness and Misfortune of a National Symbol in the World of British Cartoons 1842-1999

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilbert Millat

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Britannia, sometimes accompanied by the emblematic British Lion, has long been personifying justice, liberty, and the British Empire on coins and stamps as well as in graphic satire. Originally of Roman origin, she became the visual representation of Britain after being revived in the sixteenth century. This article is based on the analysis of over four hundred cartoons featuring this symbol. It argues that between 1860 and the 1950s, Britannia striking a solemn pose, that of the Græco-Roman goddess created by Tenniel, exalted Victorian greatness and the early twentieth century great power twice victorious in the World Wars. On the other hand, since the inter-war years, Low and his followers had been challenging this supposedly immutable image. They turned her into a definitely helpless and obsolete symbol whose identity was sometimes usurped by such anti-heroes as Colonel Blimp. Finally, from the 1960s, in a context of continuous British decline and growing permissiveness, cartoonists increasingly followed the example of the old masters of 18th century caricature and early Punch cartoonists, even though aggressiveness and vulgarity have remained much less explicit.

  1. La escuela media en su límite. Diferencias y continuidades en las configuraciones nacionales de la región: los casos de Brasil, Argentina y Chile: différences et continuités des configurations nationales dans la région: les cas du Brésil, de l'Argentine et du Chili

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermina Tiramonti

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available El artículo se refiere a la exigencia de universalización del nivel medio que pende sobre los distintos países de la región, reconstruye los discursos que fundamentan y legitiman estas demandas. El texto muestra la expansión del nivel, las modificaciones que las distintas reformas han introducido y marca las invariancias de un formato escolar que se mantiene desde su creación a fines del siglo XIX. Analiza las diferentes configuraciones nacionales de la educación media con referencia a tres países; Brasil, Argentina y Chile y marca la continuidad de las estrategias de inclusión con segregación y la funcionalidad de la expansión con las exigencias del mercado y del orden político.

  2. Disturbances of the power network and emergency power supply cases in nuclear power plants in the years 2003 to 2012; Stoerungen im Stromnetz und Notstromfaelle in Kernkraftwerken in den Jahren 2003 bis 2012. T. A - Ursachen, Ablaeufe und Auswirkungen von Netzstoerungen. T. B - Auswertung nationaler und internationaler Betriebserfahrung zu Notstromfaellen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quester, Claudia; Sommer, Dagmar; Verstegen, Claus

    2014-07-15

    The report describes the origin and progress of large-scale disturbances and failures of the power grid and the consequences for nuclear power plants. The report the worldwide grid failures from 2003 to 2012 including an evaluation of the different cases with respect to technical defects, human errors, communication problems, surveillance equipment deficiencies, weathering caused damages and natural disasters and man-made damages. National and international operational experiences during emergency power supply are discussed for the described power grid failures during 2003-2012 are discussed.

  3. Implementation of national sustainable development strategy 2010-2013, towards a green and fair economy. First report to Parliament; Mise en oeuvre de la strategie nationale de developpement durable 2010 -> 2013 vers une economie verte et equitable. 1. rapport au parlement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    This report proposes a presentation of the strategy by distinguishing several challenges. For each of them, the report describes the context, presents a key measure or a key indicator, describes the different strategic choices, and gives some quantitative objectives. These challenges are: sustainable consumption and production, knowledge society (education and training, research and development), governance, climate change and energy, sustainable transport and mobility, biodiversity and natural resource preservation and management, public health and risk prevention and management, demography, immigration and social inclusion, international challenges in terms of sustainable development and poverty in the word. A table precisely presents the various sustainable development indicators

  4. National implementation of the UNECE convention on long-range transboundary air pollution (effects). Pt. 2. Impacts and risk estimation, critical loads, biodiversity, dynamic modelling, critical level violation, material corrosion; Nationale Umsetzung UNECE-Luftreinhaltekonvention (Wirkungen). T. 2. Wirkungen und Risikoabschaetzungen Critical Loads, Biodiversitaet, Dynamische Modellierung, Critical Levels Ueberschreitungen, Materialkorrosion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gauger, Thomas [Bundesforschungsanstalt fuer Landwirtschaft, Braunschweig (DE). Inst. fuer Agraroekologie (FAL-AOE); Stuttgart Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Navigation; Haenel, Hans-Dieter; Roesemann, Claus [Bundesforschungsanstalt fuer Landwirtschaft, Braunschweig (DE). Inst. fuer Agraroekologie (FAL-AOE); Nagel, Hans-Dieter; Becker, Rolf; Kraft, Philipp; Schlutow, Angela; Schuetze, Gudrun; Weigelt-Kirchner, Regine [OeKO-DATA Gesellschaft fuer Oekosystemanalyse und Umweltdatenmanagement mbH, Strausberg (Germany); Anshelm, Frank [Geotechnik Suedwest Frey Marx GbR, Bietigheim-Bissingen (Germany)

    2008-09-15

    The report on the implementation of the UNECE convention on long-range transboundary air pollution Pt.2 covers the following issues: The tasks of the NFC (National Focal Center) Germany including the ICP (international cooperative program) modeling and mapping and the expert panel for heavy metals. Results of the work for the multi-component protocol cover the initial data for the calculation of the critical loads following the mass balance method, critical loads for acid deposition, critical loads for nitrogen input, critical load violations (sulfur, nitrogen). The results of work for the heavy metal protocol cover methodology development and recommendations for ICO modeling and mapping in accordance with international development, contributions of the expert group/ task force on heavy metals (WGSR), data sets on the critical loads for lead, cadmium and mercury, and critical load violations (Pb, Cd, Hg). The results of work on the inclusion of biodiversity (BERN) cover data compilation, acquisition and integration concerning ecosystems, model validation and verification and the possible interpretation frame following the coupling with dynamic modeling. The future development and utilization of dynamic modeling covers model comparison, applicability, the preparation of a national data set and preparations concerning the interface to the BERN model.

  5. Energy and environment - greenhouse effect. The international, european and national actions to control the greenhouse gases emissions: which accounting and which perspectives?; Energie et environnement - effet de serre. Les actions internationales, europeennes et nationales pour maitriser les emissions de gaz a effet de serre: quel bilan et quelles perspectives?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-12-15

    The scientific knowledge concerning the climatic change justifies today immediate fight actions against the greenhouse reinforcement. This fight is based on an ambitious international device which must take into account more global challenges. At the european and national scale, the exploitation of the potential of greenhouse gases reduction must be reinforced and more specially the evolution of the life style. (A.L.B.)

  6. Law project adopted by the National Assembly, after urgency declaration, of the program relative to the sustainable management of radioactive materials and wastes; Projet de loi adopte par l'Assemblee Nationale, apres declaration d'urgence, de programme relatif a la gestion durable des matieres et des dechets radioactifs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    The document presents the different articles of the law project dealing with the terminology, the radioactive wastes storage and disposal, the safety and the transport, the financing, the liabilities, the control and the sanctions. (A.L.B.)

  7. Presentation of the policy bill of program on the radioactive materials and wastes management by Francois Loos, Ministry delegate to the Industry, National Assembly; Presentation du projet de loi de programme sur la gestion des matieres et dechets radioactifs par Francois Loos, ministre delegue a l'Industrie, Assemblee Nationale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-04-15

    This document provides the text of the presentation of Francois Loos. The bill institutes a national radioactive materials and waste management plan and defines a programme and calendar for research and work leading to implementation of this plan, which will comprise three major points: with a view to looking to reduce the quantity of waste, spent nuclear fuels taken from the nuclear power plants will be reprocessed for recycling in the plants; waste which cannot be recycled will be packaged in a robust matrix and then temporarily stored on the surface; after interim storage, waste which cannot be finally disposed of in a surface facility, will be placed in a deep geological reversible repository. In order to monitor each step in this plan, the bill strengthens independent assessment of research and involves greater information of the public. With regard to financing, the bill clarifies the fact that economic development of the departments concerned by research into disposal options and the research itself will be financed by additional taxes on the operators of nuclear installations. (A.L.B.)

  8. Submission under the United Nations framework convention on climate change and the Kyoto protocol 2012. National inventory report for the German greenhouse gas inventory 1990-2010; Berichterstattung unter der Klimarahmenkonvention der Vereinten Nationen und dem Kyoto-Protokoll 2012. Nationaler Inventarbericht zum Deutschen Treibhausgasinventar 1990-2010

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-06-15

    All Parties listed in ANNEX I of the UNFCCC are required to prepare and submit annual National Inventory Reports (NIRs) containing detailed and complete information on the entire process of preparation of greenhouse gas inventories. The purpose of such reports is to ensure the transparency, consistency and comparability of inventories and support the independent review process. Pursuant to decision 15/CMP.1, as of 2010 all of the countries listed in ANNEX I of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change that are also parties to the Kyoto Protocol must submit annual inventories in order to be able to make use of flexible mechanisms pursuant to Articles 6, 12 and 17 of the Kyoto Protocol. Together with the inventory tables, Germany submits a NIR, which refers to the period covered by the inventory tables and describes the methods and data sources on which the pertinent calculations are based. The report and the report tables in the Common Reporting Format (CRF) have been prepared in accordance with the UNFCCC guideline on annual inventories (FCCC/SBSTA/2006/9) and in accordance with the IPCC Good Practice Guidance (IPCC-GPG, 2000) and the IPCC Good Practice Guidance for Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (IPCC-GPG LULUCF, 2003). The NIR contains a Part II, along with additional sub-chapters, that fulfill the expanded requirements under the Kyoto Protocol and the relevant obligations at the European level. Part I of the NIR presents, in Chapters 1 to 10, all the information relevant to the annual greenhouse-gas inventory. Chapter 1 provides background information about climate change and about greenhouse-gas inventories, as well as further information relative to the Kyoto Protocol. This section describes the National System pursuant to Article 5.1 of the Kyoto Protocol, which system is designed to aid and assure compliance with all reporting obligations with respect to atmospheric emissions and removals in sinks. In addition, this chapter describes the basic principles and methods with which the emissions and sinks of the IPCC categories are calculated, presents a short summary of key-category assessment and describes the Quality System for Emissions Inventories (QSE). The chapter concludes with sections on uncertainties analysis and completeness analysis. Chapter 2 provides a general overview of development of emissions of direct and indirect greenhouse gases and of removals of carbon dioxide in sinks. Chapters 3 to 9 present information about the individual source and sink groups. Along with general descriptions and information relative to the methods used, the sub-chapters also include information about pertinent uncertainties, quality assurance and quality control, recalculations carried out and planned improvements for relevant source and sink categories. The inventories, the National System and the Quality System for Emissions Inventories have all been further improved in keeping with the results of the reviews that have taken place in recent years. More-detailed information about recalculations, and information relative to the improvements and changes made with regard to the last greenhouse-gas inventory, is presented in Chapter 10. Part II of the NIR, in Chapters 11 to 16, presents the so-called 'Kyoto-NIR', in fulfillment of the expanded requirements for Kyoto reporting, and in keeping with the required organisation (annotated NIR). Chapter 11 contains all information relative to Kyoto reporting in the areas of land use, land-use changes and forestry (LULUCF), especially the definition of 'forest' chosen, details on the land-classification technique used and all information relative to selected activities pursuant to Arts. 3.3 and 3.4 of the Kyoto Protocol. Chapter 12 is devoted completely to accounting for Kyoto units, a process for which, in Germany, the German Emissions Trading Authority (DEHSt) is responsible. Chapters 13 and 14 provide an overview of changes made in the National System, and at the German Emissions Trading Authority, with the aim of ruling out the possibility of any undue influences on Kyoto reporting. Chapter 15 lists all the measures that Germany is taking to minimise negative impacts pursuant to Article 3 (14). Chapter 16 presents any required further information relative to Kyoto reporting. Annexes 1 through 7, in Chapters 17-23, contain more-detailed descriptions of key categories, of individual source categories, of the CO2-reference procedure, of completeness issues, of the National System and the Quality System, of the CSE emissions database and of uncertainties. More-detailed information about specific relevant issues is presented in the literature listed in Chapter 24. The Federal Environment Agency makes all calculations for the greenhouse-gas inventory and carries out all relevant compilation. Data on emissions and sinks in the land use, land-use changes and forestry sector have been provided by the Johann Heinrich von Thuenen Institute (vTI).

  9. Submission under the United Nations framework convention on climate change and Kyoto protocol 2010. National inventory report for the German greenhouse gas inventory 1990-2008; Berichterstattung unter der Klimarahmenkonvention der Vereinten Nationen und dem Kyoto-Protokoll 2010. Nationaler Inventarbericht zum Deutschen Treibhausgasinventar 1990-2008

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Strogies, Michael; Gniffke, Patrick (comps.)

    2010-06-15

    As a Party to the United Nations Framework on Climate Change (UNFCCC), since 1994 Germany has been obliged to prepare, publish and regularly update national emission inventories of greenhouse gases. In February 2005, the Kyoto Protocol entered into force. As a result, for the first time ever the international community of nations is required to implement binding action objectives and instruments for global climate protection. This leads to extensive obligations vis-a-vis the preparation, reporting and review of emissions inventories. As a result of Europe's own implementation of the Kyoto Protocol, via the adoption of EU Decision 280/20041, these requirements became legally binding for Germany in spring 2004. Pursuant to Decision 3/CP.5, all The purpose of such reports is to ensure the transparency, consistency and comparability of inventories and support the independent review process. The Secretariat of the Framework Convention on Climate Change has made submission of the inventory report a pre-requisite for performance of the agreed inventory reviews. Germany now presents its eighth National Inventory Report (NIR 2010), following its inventories for the years 1990 to 2008. This latest report covers the same period (1990 to 2008), and it describes the methods and the data sources on which the calculations are based. This year, the NIR contains, for the first time, an additional Part II, along with additional sub-chapters in the existing part, in conformance with expanded requirements under the Kyoto Protocol and the relevant decisions at the European level. Part I of the NIR presents, in Chapters 1 to 10, all the information relevant to the annual greenhouse gas inventory. Chapter 1 provides background information about climate change and about greenhouse gas inventories, as well as further information relative to the Kyoto Protocol. In addition, this chapter describes the basic principles and methods with which the emissions and sinks of the IPCC categories are calculated, presents a short summary of key-source assessment and describes the Quality System for Emissions Inventories (QSE). Chapter 2 provides a general overview of development of emissions of direct and indirect greenhouse gases and of storage of carbon dioxide in sinks. Chapters 3 to 9 present information about the individual source and sink groups. The inventories, the National System and the Quality System for Emissions Inventories have all been further improved in keeping with the results of the reviews that have taken place in recent years. More-detailed information about recalculations, and information relative to the improvements and changes made with regard to the last greenhouse-gas inventory, is presented in Chapter 10. Part II of the NIR, in Chapters 11 to 16, presents the so-called ''Kyoto-NIR'', in fulfillment of the expanded requirements for Kyoto reporting, and in keeping with the required organisation (annotated NIR). Annexes 1 through 7, in Chapters 17-23, presented more-detailed descriptions of key sources, of individual source categories, of the CO{sub 2}-reference procedure, of completeness issues, of the National System and the Quality System, of the CSE emissions database and of uncertainties. More detailed information about specific areas is presented in the literature listed in Chapter 24. The Federal Environment Agency makes all calculations for the greenhouse-gas inventory and carries out all relevant compilation. Data on emissions and sinks in the land use, land use changes and forestry sector have been provided by the Johann Heinrich von Thuenen Institute (vTI). (orig.)

  10. Submission under the United Nations framework convention on climate change and the Kyoto protocol 2011. National inventory report for the German greenhouse gas inventory 1990-2009; Berichterstattung unter der Klimarahmenkonvention der Vereinten Nationen und dem Kyoto-Protokoll 2011. Nationaler Inventarbericht zum Deutschen Treibhausgasinventar 1990-2009

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-06-15

    As a Party to the United Nations Framework on Climate Change (UNFCCC), since 1994 Germany has been obliged to prepare, publish and regularly update national emission inventories of greenhouse gases. In February 2005, the Kyoto Protocol entered into force. As a result, for the first time ever the international community of nations is required to implement binding action objectives and instruments for global climate protection. As a result of Europe's own implementation of the Kyoto Protocol, via the adoption of EU Decision 280/20041, these requirements became legally binding for Germany in spring 2004. The Secretariat of the Framework Convention on Climate Change has made submission of the inventory report a pre-requisite for performance of the agreed inventory reviews. Germany now presents its ninth National Inventory Report (NIR 2011), following its inventories for the years 1990 to 2009. This latest report covers the same period (1990 to 2009), and it describes the methods and the data sources on which the calculations are based. The report and the report tables in the Common Reporting Format (CRF) have been prepared in accordance with the UNFCCC guideline on annual inventories (FCCC/SBSTA/2006/9) and, as far as possible, in accordance with the IPCC Good Practice Guidance (IPCC-GPG, 2000) and the IPCC Good Practice Guidance for Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (IPCC-GPG LULUCF, 2003). This year, the NIR contains, for the first time, an additional Part II, along with additional sub-chapters in the existing part, in conformance with expanded requirements under the Kyoto Protocol and the relevant decisions at the European level. Part I of the NIR presents, in Chapters 1 to 10, all the information relevant to the annual greenhouse-gas inventory. Chapter 1 provides background information about climate change and about greenhouse gas inventories, as well as further information relative to the Kyoto Protocol. Chapter 2 provides a general overview of development of emissions of direct and indirect greenhouse gases and of storage of carbon dioxide in sinks. Chapters 3 to 9 present information about the individual source and sink groups. Along with general descriptions and information relative to the methods used, the sub-chapters also include information about pertinent uncertainties, quality assurance and quality control, recalculations carried out and planned improvements for relevant source and sink categories. More-detailed information about recalculations, and information relative to the improvements and changes made with regard to the last greenhouse-gas inventory, is presented in Chapter 10. Part II of the NIR, in Chapters 11 to 16, presents the so-called ''Kyoto-NIR'', in fulfillment of the expanded requirements for Kyoto reporting, and in keeping with the required organisation (annotated NIR). Chapter 11 contains all information relative to Kyoto reporting in the areas of land use, land use changes and forestry (LULUCF), especially the definition of ''forest'' chosen, details on the land-classification technique used and all information relative to selected activities pursuant to Arts. 3.3 and 3.4 of the Kyoto Protocol. Chapter 12 is devoted completely to accounting for Kyoto units, a process for which, in Germany, the German Emissions Trading Authority (DEHSt) is responsible. Chapters 13 and 14 provide an overview of changes made in the National System, and at the German Emissions Trading Authority, with the aim of ruling out the possibility of any undue influences on Kyoto reporting. Chapter 15 lists all the measures that Germany is taking to minimise negative impacts pursuant to Article 3 (14). Chapter 16 presents any required further information relative to Kyoto reporting. Annexes 1 through 7, in Chapters 17-23, presented more-detailed descriptions of key categories, of individual source categories, of the CO2-reference procedure, of completeness issues, of the National System and the Quality System, of the CSE emissions database and of uncertainties. More-detailed information about specific areas is presented in the literature listed in Chapter 24. (orig.)

  11. Benefits of task-shifting HIV care to nurses in terms of health-related quality of life in patients initiating antiretroviral therapy in rural district hospitals in Cameroon [Stratall Agence Nationale de Recherche sur le SIDA (ANRS) 12110/Ensemble pour une Solidarité Thérapeutique Hospitalière en Réseau (ESTHER) substudy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzan-Monti, M; Blanche, J; Boyer, S; Kouanfack, C; Delaporte, E; Bonono, R-C; Carrieri, P M; Protopopescu, C; Laurent, C; Spire, B

    2015-05-01

    The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends task-shifting HIV care to nurses in low-resource settings with limited numbers of physicians. However, the effect of such task-shifting on the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of people living with HIV (PLHIV) has seldom been evaluated. We aimed to investigate the effect of task-shifting HIV care to nurses on HRQL outcomes in PLHIV initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) in rural district hospitals in Cameroon. Outcomes in PLHIV were longitudinally collected in the 2006-2010 Stratall trial. PLHIV were followed up for 24 months by nurses and/or physicians. Six HRQL dimensions were assessed during face-to-face interviews using the WHO Quality of Life (WHOQOL)-HIV BREF scale: physical health; psychological health; independence level; social relationships; environment; and spirituality/religion/personal beliefs. The degree of task-shifting was estimated using a consultant ratio (i.e. the ratio of nurse-led to physician-led visits). The effect of task-shifting and other potential correlates on HRQL dimensions was explored using a Heckman two-stage approach based on linear mixed models to adjust for the potential bias caused by missing data in the outcomes. Of 1424 visits in 440 PLHIV (70.5% female; median age 36 years; median CD4 count 188 cells/μL at enrolment), 423 (29.7%) were task-shifted to nurses. After multiple adjustment, task-shifting was associated with higher HRQL level for four dimensions: physical health [coefficient 0.7; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.1-1.2; P = 0.01], psychological health (coefficient 0.5; 95% CI 0.0-1.0; P = 0.05), independence level (coefficient 0.6; 95% CI 0.1-1.1; P = 0.01) and environment (coefficient 0.6; 95% CI 0.1-1.0; P = 0.02). Task-shifting HIV care to nurses benefits the HRQL of PLHIV. Together with the previously demonstrated comparable clinical effectiveness of physician-based and nurse-based models of HIV care, our results support the WHO recommendation for task-shifting. © 2015 British HIV Association.

  12. On behalf of the commission of the National Defense and the armed forces, on the law project of finances for 2004 (no. 1093). Part 2. Defense - nuclear deterrence; Au nom de la commission de la defense nationale et des forces armees, sur le projet de loi de finances pour 2004 (no. 1093). Tome 2. Defense - dissuasion nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-10-01

    This analysis deals with the nuclear weapons situation in the world. It presents a new and coherent deterrence tool with an evolutive doctrine. It presents also the financial aspects of the problem and the dismantling of fissile materials production installations. It takes stock on the simulation program of nuclear weapons already engaged. (A.L.B.)

  13. Contribution to the tectonic characterization of fractured reservoirs, I: photo-elasticimetric modelling of the stress perturbations near faults and the associated fracture network: application to oil reserves, II mechanisms for the 3D joint organization in a natural reservoir analogue (flat-lying Devonian Old Red Sandstones of Caitness in North Scotland); Contribution a la caracterisation tectonique des reservoirs fractures, I: modelisation photoelecticimetrique des perturbations de contrainte au voisinage des failles et de la fracturation associee: application petroliere, II: mecanismes de developpement en 3D des diaclases dans un analogue de reservoir, le Devonien tabulaire du caithness (Ecosse)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Auzias, V.

    1995-10-27

    In order to understand joint network organisation in oil reservoirs, as a first step we have adapted to technique (the photo-elasticimetry) to study stress fields in 2D. This method allows to determine the principal stress trajectories near faults, as well as the associated joint network organisation. Natural joint networks perturbed near faults are modeled and the parameters that control stress perturbation are proposed. With the aim of extrapolating joint data from a well to the entire reservoir our modelling is based on both 3 D seismic data and local joint data. The second part of our research was dedicated to studying joint propagation mechanisms in a natural reservoir analogue (flat-lying Devonian Old Red Sandstones of Caitness in North Scotland). Several exposure observation at different scales and in 3D (horizontal and cliff sections) allow to reconstitute the fracturing geometry from centimeter to kilometer scale and to link these to the regional tectonic history. This study shows that it is possible to differentiate three types of joints major joints, `classic` joints and micro-joints, each with different vertical persistence. New concepts on the 3D joint organisation have been deduced from field quantitative data, which can be applied to reservoir fracture modeling. In particular the non-coexistence phenomenon in a single bed of two regional joint sets with close strikes. Some joint development mechanisms are discussed: interaction between joints and sedimentary interfaces, joint distribution near faults, origin of en echelon arrays associated with joints. (author) 142 refs.

  14. Studying Air Pollution Problems in France by Using the Danish Eulerian Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ambelas Skjøth, C.; Bastrup-Birk, A.; Brandt, J.

    1998-01-01

    Organized by ENPC (Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées) and INRIA (Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique).......Organized by ENPC (Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées) and INRIA (Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique)....

  15. Numerical Modelling of Transport, Dispersion, and Deposition - Validation Against ETEX-1, ETEX-2, and Chernobyl

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brandt, J.; Bastrup-Birk, A.; Christensen, J. H.

    1998-01-01

    Organized by ENPC (Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées) and INRIA (Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique).......Organized by ENPC (Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées) and INRIA (Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique)....

  16. Cumulative Viral Load and Virologic Decay Patterns After Antiretroviral Therapy in HIV-Infected Subjects Influence CD4 Recovery and AIDS

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-20

    Cohorte Agence Nationale de Recherches sur le SIDA EP 11 study. J Infect Dis 186: 710–714. 8. Hermankova M, Ray SC, Ruff C, Powell-Davis M, Ingersoll R, et...malignancy in HIV-infected patients during the combination antiretroviral therapy era: Agence Nationale de Recherche sur le Sida (ANRS) CO3 Aquitaine

  17. Solidarity in European Foreign Policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Henrik

    Der er ikke meget forskning om, hvorvidt EU handler støttende over for medlemsstater i nationale udenrigspolitiske kriser. Papiret præsenterer en tredelt analyseramme til forståelse af karakteren af EU´s response i nationale udenrigspolitiske kriser, som baserer sig på diskursiv institutionalisme...

  18. African Journal June 2011.cdr

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SEGUN ADENIJI

    ENFP : Enquête Nationale de Fécondité et de Planification Familiale (National Survey on Fecondity and Family Planning). EDPR : Enquête Démographique à Passages Répétés (Repeted Demographic Survey). ENPS : Enquête Nationale sur la Population et la Santé (National Survey on Population and Health). ENSME ...

  19. Bruken av nasjonale prøver

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skov, Poul

    2010-01-01

    Artiklen beskriver resultater fra en omfattende evaluering af brugen af de nationale prøver i norsk grundskole. De nationale prøver er blevet modtaget positivt af mange kommuner og skoleledere og i mindre grad af lærerne. Resultaterne viser også, at prøverne er styrende for undervisningen, at bru...

  20. European Cinema : Face to Face with Hollywood

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Elsaesser, Thomas

    2005-01-01

    Onder invloed van de rivaliteit met Hollywood en de val van de muur in 1989 vond er in de jaren '90 in veel West-Europese landen een levendig debat plaats over de toekomst van de nationale filmtradities. Van het bestaan van zich onderscheidende 'nationale' stijlen, zoals bijvoorbeeld neo-realisme,

  1. DS/EN 1997

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Carsten Steen; Hansen, Per Bjerregaard; Jensen, Lars Ravn

    Dette nationale anneks omhandler de punkter i DS/EN 1997-1, hvor det er tilladt at foretage nationale valg. De anførte nationale valg gælder for geotekniske konstruktioner, der opføres i Danmark. De nationale valg kan være i form af nationalt gældende værdier, valgte metoder mellem de i DS/EN 1997......-1 angivne metoder eller tilføjelse af supplerende informationer. I dette nationale anneks er kun anført punkter, hvor der er foretaget valg, der adskiller sig fra de i DS/EN 1997-1 anbefalede værdier, metoder eller lignende. Det betyder, at for de punkter, hvor der intet er anført i dette dokument, gælder...... de i DS/EN 1997-1 anbefalede værdier, metoder eller lignende....

  2. West Europe Report, Science and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-03-27

    individuals (60 percent): Banexi, Credit-Agricole, Citicorp Venture Capital, Compagnie Financiere de Suez, Mr Jean Hardy, founding members.) It...previous Airbus wings will have a greater span and a modified plan projection in order to achieve with a high degree of economy the great flying...speeds re- quired by long-range airplanes. The Airbus A340 is expected to permit economi - cal nonstop flights up to about 13,000 km while the short- and

  3. Commercial Cellular Systems Architecture for Dismounted Battle Command

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-27

    32.3696 º N 84.8045 º O, baptême terrain Oscar 1, pour y installer un dispositif de surveillance et d’appui sur EA Oscar 1 pour 06h00. En liaison...compagnie et le 2nd PLT sur l’activité ENI dans et autour EA Oscar 1. EMD: Mettre en place un dispositif de surveillance face au Nord et à l’Est à

  4. Les multinationales du tabac et le tabagisme (Chine) | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'industrie du tabac en Chine était jusqu'à tout récemment un monopole d'État. Toutefois, on signale que deux compagnies de tabac chinoises, autorisées par la firme Philip Morris International, ont commencé à fabriquer des cigarettes Marlboro. On craint que la vente de cigarettes Marlboro peu coûteuses alliée à ...

  5. Les multinationales du tabac et le tabagisme (Chine) | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'industrie du tabac en Chine était jusqu'à tout récemment un monopole d'État. Toutefois, on signale que deux compagnies de tabac chinoises, autorisées par la firme Philip Morris International, ont commencé à fabriquer des cigarettes Marlboro. On craint que la vente de cigarettes Marlboro peu coûteuses alliée à ...

  6. The leisure context. A forgotten topic of sport pedagogy

    OpenAIRE

    Cloes, Marc

    2014-01-01

    According to the changes of the society that occurred during the last decades of the 20th century, new sport operators grew in an answer to the modified expectations of the people. In parallel to sport clubs, many other structures began to invite people to move in agreement with defferent values: independent non market associations, private compagnies, non organized free sport. While analyzing themes of Sport pedagogy research, it seems that physical education is the major focus (55.6%) of th...

  7. Modélisation numérique de la minéralisation polymétallifère du ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ces recherches pose, au sein de la Compagnie Minière de Touissit (CMT), un problème d'organisation et de stockage de l'information produite par ses différents services notamment celui de la géologie. Face à cette situation, et compte tenu du volume de données produit, qui ne cesse de s'accroître d'une part, et leur ...

  8. Entretien avec Venàncio Massingue | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    3 févr. 2011 ... Ainsi, ils sauraient que ce n'était pas une utopie, un rêve de dirigeant politique ou d'universitaire ! J'ai donc constitué une équipe formée de membres du CIUEM, du Centre des études africaines, de la faculté d'économie et de notre compagnie de télécommunications, Telecomunicações de Mozambique ...

  9. L'echec de la politique maritime gabonaise a travers le cas de la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    La SONATRAM, contrainte alors de faire naviguer à perte les navires acquis dès 1983, n'a rempli que partiellement les missions qui lui ont été confiées et les investissements réalisés par la compagnie ont faiblement impacté l'économie du pays. Condamnée ainsi à « une mort à petit feu », l'entreprise fut liquidée en 1992.

  10. Bidrag til Den Store Danske Encyklopædi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boel, Bent

    1996-01-01

    11 artikler: Jacques Chaban-Delmas, Maurice Challe, Jacques Chirac, Daniel Cohn-Bendit, Commissariat général au plan, Compagnies républicaines de sécurité, Confédération française démocratique du travail, Confédération française des travailleurs chrétiens, René Coty, Maurice Couve de Murville...

  11. The G8 summit of Gleneagles (July 6-8, 2005) - the energy-climate action plan - the France-Algeria cooperation. The works of the national commission of the public debate about energy - the management of nuclear wastes - the EPR at Flamanville - the Cotentin-Maine VHV line. The oil prices surge during summer 2005, national and international reactions; Le sommet du G8 de Gleneagles (6-8 juillet 2005) - le plan d'action energie-climat - cooperation France-Algerie. Les travaux de la Commission Nationale du debat public concernant l'energie - la gestion des dechets nucleaires - l'EPR a Flamanville - la ligne THT Cotentin - Maine. La flambee des prix du petrole lors de l'ete 2005, reactions nationales et internationales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lamy, J.; Locufier, A.; Vincent, C.; Bros, Th.; Delmestre, N.; Noilban, F.; Quintaine, Th. [Direction des Ressources Energetiques et Minerales (DIREM), 75 - Paris (France); Perrin, J.L.; Branche, Th.; Barthe, F. [Direction de la Demande et des Marches Energetiques (DIDEME), 75 - Paris (France)

    2006-01-15

    This issue of Energies et matieres premieres newsletter comprises five articles dealing with: 1 - the energy-climate action plan adopted by the presidents of the 8 more industrialized countries of the world (G8) during the Gleneagles summit (Scotland) in July 6-8, 2005. This action plan was discussed in association with five emerging countries, among the biggest energy consumers in the world; 2 - the works carried out by the national commission of the public debate on energy about the management of radioactive wastes. The article recalls the 3 axes of research (separation-transmutation, underground disposal and surface or sub-surface storage) and the planning of the preparation of the future project of radioactive management law which will be examined by the European parliament during the second quarter of 2006; 3 - the public debate about the setting up of the European pressurized reactor (EPR) at Flamanville (Cotentin, France); 4 - the public debate about the project of very-high voltage power line between Flamanville and Maine region for the reinforcement of the regional power grid; and 5 - the national and international reactions in front of the surge of oil prices during summer 2005. (J.S.)

  12. Law project modified by the Senate of energy orientation. (urgency declared). The Senate modified, in a first reading, the law project, adopted by the National Assembly in first reading after urgency declaration, concerning: see the numbers: national assembly (12. legisl.): 1586, 1597 and T.A. 302. Senate: 328 and 330 (2003-2004); Projet de loi modifie par le Senat d'orientation sur l'energie. (Urgence declaree). Le Senat a modifie, en premiere lecture, le projet de loi, adopte par l'Assemblee nationale en premiere lecture apres declaration d'urgence, dont la teneur suit: voir les numeros: Assemblee nationale (12. legisl.): 1586, 1597 et T.A. 302. Senat: 328 et 330 (2003-2004)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-06-01

    This law project concerns the national energy policy, the energy demand control, the renewable energies, the equilibrium and the quality of the transport and distribution networks of electric power, taxation and financial incentives. (A.L.B.)

  13. No. 3425 National Assembly. No. 56 Senate, report on the contributions of the science and the technology to the sustainable development Tome 1: the climatic changes and the energy transition: over the crisis; No. 3425 Assemblee Nationale. No. 56 Senat, rapport sur 'les apports de la science et de la technologie au developpement durable' Tome 1: 'changement climatique et transition energetique: depasser la crise'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-11-15

    Energy crisis can be avoided by the use of anticipation policies. After an examination of the technologies, concerning the energy production and more particularly the electricity, the energy conservation, the new transport modes and the new houses architecture, the authors noted that these policies exist, but need time to implement. In this framework this report aims to defines the situation and bring some recommendations and answers to implement a real policy. (A.L.B.)

  14. The national program of fight against climate change. 2. status and future means (November 2002). What would be a society sparing of carbon? Outline of foreign programs and realizations (Germany, Netherlands, United-Kingdom, Switzerland and Iceland); Le programme nationale de lutte contre le changement climatique. 2. bilan et voies d'avenir (Novembre 2002). Que serait une societe sobre en carbone?. Apercus de programme et realisations a l'etranger (Allemagne, Pays-Bas, Royaume-Uni, Suisse et Islande)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-11-01

    This exploratory study aims at making a status of the present day situation of the foreign research works and of the long term simulations (2050) of socio-economical systems sparing of carbon (evolution scenarios from emissions abatement policies). The goal is to outline the interesting and useful elements, to shade light and contribute to the debate in France, and to give some guidelines and help and to strengthen the national decisions. Five steps have been considered in this study: the identification of the organizations involved in this research work in the different selected countries, a bibliographic survey of the works carried out by these organizations (Internet search and phone inquiries beside national experts), a collection of the pertinent documents, their analysis, and the elaboration of a synthesis per document with some conclusions. This study is the compilation of all these syntheses made for the five following countries: Germany, Netherlands, United-Kingdom, Switzerland, and Iceland. The scenarios developed by each country are indicative and describe a vision of the society in 2050 with different possible trajectories to reach this situation. They indicate: which goals can be achieved or at least prepared, what can do technologies and what should be the cost of the implementation of these technologies, how to overcome the constraints in order to reach the objectives, and what are the existing margins of freedom given to the political decision. Finally, this analysis shows how the other northern countries deal with the challenge of long term abatement of CO{sub 2} emissions and what solution they propose. (J.S.)

  15. Topoisomerase I and II Inhibitors Control Caspase-2 Pre-Messenger RNA Splicing in Human Cells11This work was supported by the INSERM, the Conseil Régional de Bourgogne, the Ligue Nationale Française Contre le Cancer (E. Solary and C. Bailly). S. Solier was financed by the University Hôpital du Bocage (Dijon). E. Logette was recipient of a fellowship from the French Ministry of Education and Research

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Stéphanie Solier; Amélie Lansiaux; Emmanuelle Logette; Jane Wu; Johann Soret; Jamal Tazi; Christian Bailly; Lydie Desoche; Eric Solary; Laurent Corcos

    2004-01-01

    .... In this study, we analyzed the effects of several representative molecules of various classes of cytotoxic agents on caspase-2 pre-mRNA splicing in both U937 leukemic cells and in HeLa cervix carcinoma cells...

  16. N.3156 National Assembly law project authorizing the approbation of the protocol at the convention of 1979 on the long way transfrontier atmospheric pollution relative to the acidification, the eutrophication and the tropospheric ozone; N.3156 Assemblee Nationale projet de loi autorisant l'approbation du protocole a la convention de 1979 sur la pollution atmospherique transfrontiere a longue distance relatif a la reduction de l'acidification, de l'eutrophisation et de l'ozone tropospherique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    This document discusses the interest for the France of the approbation of the Goteborg protocol adopted in december 1999. It describes the main dispositions of the protocol relative to the reduction of the acidification and the eutrophication. (A.L.B.)

  17. Report by the parliamentary mission on nuclear safety, the role and future of the nuclear sector - Final report: the future of the nuclear sector in France - National Assembly report nr 4097, Senate report nr 199; Rapport de la mission parlementaire sur la securite nucleaire, la place de la filiere et son avenir - Rapport final: l'avenir de la filiere nucleaire en France - Assemblee nationale no. 4097, Senat no. 199

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Birraux, Claude; Bataille, Christian [Assemblee nationale, 126 rue de l' Universite, 75355 Paris 07 SP (France); Sido, Bruno [Senat, 15 Rue de Vaugirard, 75006 Paris (France)

    2011-12-15

    This large report first outlines the fact that the French nuclear sector is adapted to the national context while discussing the difference with other countries and the French strategic priorities. It describes the constraints another approach would have regarding the objective of a controlled consumption, the exploitation of renewable energies, and the remanence of the burden related to nuclear energy (culture of safety, the waste management issue). It proposes a prospective vision for the nuclear sector with respect with technological perspectives, and analyses three scenarios. The document also contains reports of visits in Germany and in Fukushima. A second part proposes the contents of hearings and meetings, as well as reports of other visits on French nuclear sites

  18. Report realized by the commission of the economical Affairs on the law project, adopted by the National Assembly after urgency declaration, of the program relative to the sustainable management of the radioactive materials and wastes; Rapport fait au nom de la commission des Affaires economiques sur le projet de loi, adopte par l'Assemblee Nationale apres declaration d'urgence, de programme relatif a la gestion durable des matieres et des dechets radioactifs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Revol, H

    2006-07-01

    In the framework of a sustainable development and of the nuclear energy development, the France decided by the law of the 30 December 1991, to study three axis or researches: the radioactive wastes transmutation, their deep underground disposal and their storage during ten years. Today, after evaluation of the researches results a law project on the sustainable management of the radioactive materials and wastes, has been prepared. This document is the approval of the law project and presents some amendments. (A.L.B.)

  19. Report on the behalf of the Foreign Affairs, Defense and Armed Forces Commission on the bill project, adopted by the National Assembly, related to the struggle against the proliferation of arms of massive destruction and their vectors; Rapport fait au nom de la commission des affaires etrangeres, de la defense et des forces armees (1) sur le projet de loi, ADOPTE PAR L'ASSEMBLEE NATIONALE, relatif a la lutte contre la proliferation des armes de destruction massive et de leurs vecteurs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    This report recalls the origins of the bill project which is the implementation of the UN Security Council resolution 1540, the aim of which was to promote the setting up of efficient tools to struggle against proliferation. The bill project aims at updating and reinforcing the existing law arsenal. The report also contains remarks made by the Commission. The bill project addresses several issues: the struggle against proliferation of arms of massive destruction (nuclear weapons, nuclear materials, biological weapons, and chemical weapons), the struggle against proliferation of vectors of arms of massive destruction, double-use goods, the use of these weapons and vectors in acts of terrorism

  20. Text adopted no. 302. Little law, constitution of the 4 October 1958 twelve legislature ordinary session of 2003-2004. Law project adopted by the National Assembly in first reading, after urgency declaration of energy orientation; Texte adopte no. 302. Petite loi, constitution du 4 octobre 1958 douzieme legislature session ordinaire de 2003-2004. Projet de loi adopte par l'Assemblee Nationale en premiere lecture, apres declaration d'urgence, d'orientation sur l'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-06-01

    This law project concerns the french national energy policy. It presents the government policy on four main axis: the energy independence with the energy supply safety, the environment quality with the fight against the greenhouse effect, the energy prices and the social aspects with the energy supply for all french people. By a presentation of the articles it provides information on the energy demand control, the renewable energies and the financial assistance. (A.L.B.)

  1. Order of the 10 january 2003 authorizing the national agency for the radioactive wastes management to follow the gaseous and liquid effluents release for the exploitation of the radioactive wastes storage center of the Manche; Arrete du 10 janvier 2003 autorisant l'Agence nationale pour la gestion des dechets radioactifs a poursuivre les rejets d'effluents gazeux et liquides pour l'exploitation du centre de stockage de dechets radioactifs de la Manche

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-01-01

    This document, took out from the Official Journal, is the law text relative to the order of the 10 january 2003 authorizing the national agency for the radioactive wastes management to follow the gaseous and liquid effluents release for the exploitation of the radioactive wastes storage center of the Manche. (A.L.B.)

  2. N.7 notice presented for the Finances Commission, of the budget control and the economical accounts of the Nation on the law project, adopted by the National Assembly after urgency declaration, relative to the energy sector; N.7 avis presente au nom de la commission des Finances, du controle budgetaire et des comptes economiques de la Nation sur le projet de loi, adopte par l'Assemblee Nationale apres declaration d'urgence, relatif au secteur de l'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marini, Ph

    2006-10-15

    This law project concerns the privatization of Gaz de France and the new control of the State on this society. It underlines the necessity of a financial independence of the Commission of the Energy regulation (CRE). (A.L.B.)

  3. Report made on behalf of the commission of economic affairs and Plan about the project of energy orientation law, adopted in second lecture with modifications by the house of commons; Rapport fait au nom de la commission des affaires economiques et du plan (1), sur le projet de loi d'orientation sur l'energie, adopte avec modifications par l'assemblee nationale en deuxieme lecture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This document is the report made by Mr. H. Revol, Deputy, about the project of energy orientation law adopted by the house of commons in second lecture, after its examination by the commission of economic affairs and by the Plan. This project of law aims at fixing the main principles of the French energy policy for the next decades. It foresees: the re-launching of the French nuclear program (building of an experimental European pressurized reactor (EPR)), the reinforcement of the mastery of energy demand (3% per year, creation of energy saving certificates and reinforcement of buildings energy efficiency rules), and the sustain of renewable energies development. This document summarizes the modifications proposed by the commission for each article of the project of law before its adoption by the Senate. In the second part of the document, four columns present in parallel: the text adopted in first lecture by the House of Commons, the text adopted in first lecture by the Senate, the text adopted by the House of Commons in second lecture and the proposals of the commission. (J.S.)

  4. National assessment board for research and the studies into the management of radioactive waste and materials instituted by the law no.2006-739 of June 28, 2006 - Assessment report No. 5; Commission nationale d'evaluation des recherches et etudes relatives a la gestion des matieres et des dechets radioactifs instituee par la loi no. 2006-739 du 28 juin 2006 - Rapport d'evaluation No. 5

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duplessy, Jean-Claude; Baechler, Jean; Berest, Pierre; Brechet, Yves; Deconinck, Frank; Laurent, Maurice; Ledoux, Emmanuel; Leroy, Maurice; Percebois, Jacques; Roure, Francois; Thegerstroem, Claes; Kerboul, Claire; Tissot, Bernard; Jouvance, Chantal; Ledoux, Florence

    2011-11-15

    The law provides that long-term management of long-lived, high-level waste comprises two aspects, which are not mutually exclusive: the partitioning and transmutation of the actinides present in spent fuel from nuclear reactors, and the geological disposal of long-lived high- and intermediate-level waste. This report is organised to reflect the two complementary aspects of R and D on the management of radioactive waste and materials: partitioning and transmutation (chapter 1), and the storage and disposal of LLHL and LLIL waste (chapter 2). In 2011 the Board decided to go into detail on the subject of the potential impact of transmutation of actinides on the disposal of the waste produced in the future, in a set of reactors suitable for multi-recycling. This question is dealt with in two chapters of the report. The Board continues to observe the overall international situation (chapter 3), and this year devoted an entire hearing to the different visions of the nuclear cycle held throughout the world. This hearing took place a few weeks before the accident in Fukushima. Contents: Chapter 1 - Partitioning and transmutation: scientific and technical context; transmutation and multi-recycling (Three important actinides potentially concerned by transmutation: Plutonium, Americium, Curium; Transmutation rate); demonstration tools; scenarios; ASTRID prototype (Core, Cooling and conversion, Designs and materials for Astrid); Reprocessing and fabrication of fuel (Experience and lessons learned; Pilot reprocessing facility for Astrid); transmutation in ADS; transmutation and disposal (Radiotoxicity of the inventory; Residual thermal power in LLHL waste); other scenarios; conclusion; Chapter 2 - disposal and storage: introduction; inventory; ZIRA (Contributions of the new 3D geophysics campaign; Knowledge of lithostratigraphic variations in the Callovo-Oxfordian layer; Knowledge of regional and local hydrogeology; Hydrogeological modelling situation); ZIIS - Integration of the structures in the surrounding land and the environment: Safety and security constraints; Environmental constraints; Reversibility constraints; Advantages and disadvantages of connecting the bottom to the surface via an inclined drift; moving towards the creation of a geological disposal site: the industrial centre for geological disposal (CIGEO): Brief analysis of the STI project; Design of the Cigeo project draft phase; Development of the Cigeo project; scientific work (Thermodynamics: Thermal disturbances; Thermal experimentation; Thermodynamics and transmutation; Conclusion); Geomechanics: Excavation-Damaged Zone (EDZ): safety issues; Tests conducted in the LLHL waste cavities; Sealing; Geomechanical modelling and conclusions; Underground laboratory experiments: Experiments in the Meuse/Haute-Marne underground laboratory; Experiments aimed at characterising the near field; Experiments aimed at characterising the far field); reversibility (Introduction; Circumstances that may lead to retrieval; Changes in the cavities and packages during the reversibility period; Reversibility and storage; Reversibility exercises; Conclusions); memory of the site; Chapter 3 - international overview: different options for managing LL, IL and HL waste; international legal context; research laboratories and underground disposal facilities; sources of fast irradiation; R and D on ADS; R and D on deep geological disposal (Performance levels of the disposal facility; Environmental impact of the disposal facility; Governance and participation of stakeholders); new technologies for partitioning and transmutation (R and D on partitioning and transmutation; Nuclear databases; Economic and geopolitical aspects); education, training and knowledge management; Appendices: members of the national assessment board - November 2011; bodies heard by CNE2; list of documents provided to the board

  5. Information report presented in application of article 145 of the regulation by the commission of national defense and armed forces about the propulsion system of the second aircraft carrier; Rapport d'information depose en application de l'article 145 du reglement par la commission de la defense nationale et des forces armees sur le mode de propulsion du second porte-avions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-11-01

    In the framework of the project of launching of a sister-ship to the Charles de Gaulle aircraft carrier, this report makes an objective analysis of the different possible propulsion systems that can be considered for this battle ship according to different criteria: 1 - two possible energy sources and four possible configurations of aircraft carrier considered: alternative between nuclear propulsion and conventional propulsion, the two nuclear ships eventualities, the hypothesis of an entirely French-made classical propulsion ship, the opportunity of a French-British cooperation for a conventional aircraft carrier project; 2 - decision criteria: operational need, cost, industrial and technological stakes, constraints linked with daily ship and crew life; 3 - propulsion systems alternative: conventional propulsion and reinforcement of the European defense policy, nuclear propulsion for an operational superiority and for a complementarity with the Charles de Gaulle. (J.S.)

  6. Water-gas dynamics and coastal land subsidence over Chioggia Mare field, northern Adriatic Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teatini, Pietro; Baú, Domenico; Gambolati, Giuseppe

    2000-09-01

    A major development programme comprising 15 gas fields of the northern Adriatic Sea has recently been submitted to the Ministry of the Environment, VIA Committee for the assessment of the environmental impact, by ENI-Agip, the Italian national oil company. One of the largest reservoirs is Chioggia Mare, located about 10 km offshore of the Venetian littoral, with a burial depth of 1000-1400 m. The planned gas production from this field is expected to impact the shoreline stability with a potential threat to the city of Venice, 25 km northwest of the center of Chioggia Mare. To evaluate the risk of anthropogenic land subsidence due to gas withdrawal, a numerical model was developed that predicts the compaction of both the gas-bearing formations and the lateral/bottom aquifer (water drive) during a 13-year producing and a 12-year post-production period, and the transference of the deep compaction to the ground surface. To address the uncertainty of a few important hydromechanical parameters, several scenarios are simulated and the most pessimistic predictions obtained. The modeling results show that at most 1 cm of land subsidence over 25 years may be expected at the city of Chioggia, whereas Venice is not subject to settlement. If aquifer drawdown is mediated by water injection, land subsidence is arrested 5 km offshore, with the Chioggia littoral zone experiencing a rebound of 0.6-0.7 cm. Résumé. Un important programme de développement portant sur 15 gisements de gaz du nord de l'Adriatique a été récemment soumis au Comité VIA pour l'évaluation de l'impact sur l'environnement du Ministère de l'Environnement, par la société ENI-Agip, la compagnie nationale pétrolière italienne. L'un des plus importants réservoirs est celui de Chioggia Mare, situé à environ 10 km au large du littoral vénitien, à une profondeur de 1000 à 1400 m. La production de gaz prévue pour ce gisement laisse envisager un impact sur la stabilité du trait de côte, avec une

  7. Probabilistic assessment factors for human health risk assessment - A practical guide

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vermeire T; Pieters M; Rennen M; Bos P; CSR

    2001-01-01

    Dit rapport is een practische gids voor de toepassing van probabilistische verdelingen van default assessment factoren in risicobeoordelingen voor de mens. RIVM en TNO ontwikkelden het gebruik van probabilistische assessment factoren als eerste stap naar nationale en internaitonale harmonisatie.

  8. [Wilhelm Lenz. Theodor Schiemanns Revaler Jahre (1883-1887)] / Paul Kaegbein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaegbein, Paul

    2008-01-01

    Arvustus: Wilhelm Lenz. Theodor Schiemanns Revaler Jahre (1883-1887). - Ostseeprovinzen, baltische Staaten und das Nationale. Münster : LIT, 2005. Lk. 227-250. Tallinna linnaarhiivi esimesest linnaarhivaarist

  9. Welfare, Prosperity and Quality of the Living Environment. Horizon Scan; Welvaart en Leefomgeving. Horizonscan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schuur, J. [and others

    2013-10-15

    A number of key global and national trends are listed and discussed. In addition, four unlikely trends are explored [Dutch] Een aantal belangrijke mondiale en nationale trends wordt op een rij gezet. Daarnaast zijn vier onwaarschijnlijke trends verkend.

  10. Test results of Salmonella typing by the NRLs-Salmonella in the Member States of the EU and the EnterNet Laboratories - Collaborative study VI on typing of Salmonella

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Korver H; Raes M; Maas HME; Ward LR; Wannet WJB; Henken AM; MGB; LIS

    2002-01-01

    Test resultaten van Salmonella sero- en faagtypering en antimicrobiele gevoeligheidsbepalingen door de Nationale Referentie Laboratoria voor Salmonella in de Lidstaten van de Europese Unie en EnterNet Laboratoria: Ringonderzoek VI (2001) voor Salmonella. Een zesde ringonderzoek betreffende de

  11. Test results of Salmonella serotyping in the Member States of the European Union. (Collaborative study III amongst the National Reference Laboratories for Salmonella)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voogt N; Maas HME; Leeuwen WJ van; Henken AM; MGB

    1998-01-01

    Het Communautair Referentie Laboratorium (CRL) voor Salmonella heeft een derde ringonderzoek voor de serotypering van Salmonella georganiseerd. Alle Nationale Referentie Laboratoria (NRLs) voor Salmonella van de Europese Unie deden aan het onderzoek mee. Het belangrijkste doel was het

  12. Test results of Salmonella typing by the National Reference Laboratories for Salmonella in the Member States of the European Union and the EnterNet Laboratories - Collaborative study VII on typing of Salmonella

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Korver H; Maas HME; Ward LR; Wannet WJB; Henken AM; MGB; LIS

    2003-01-01

    Het Communautair Referentie Laboratorium voor Salmonella (CRL-Salmonella, Bilthoven, Nederland) organiseerde in samenwerking met Public Health Laboratory Services (PHLS), London, Verenigd Koninkrijk een zevende ringonderzoek aangaande de typering van Salmonella. Zeventien Nationale Referentie

  13. Eleventh CRL-Salmonella interlaboratory comparison study on typing of Salmonella spp.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berk PA; Maas HME; de Pinna E; Mooijman KA; MGB

    2006-01-01

    Het elfde ringonderzoek voor de typering van Salmonella werd in maart 2006 georganiseerd door het Communautair Referentie Laboratorium voor Salmonella (CRL-Salmonella, Bilthoven, Nederland) in samenwerking met de Health Protection Agency (HPA, Londen, Verenigd Koninkrijk). 26 Nationale Referentie

  14. Internationaliseringsstrategiën in de Nederlandse Ingenieursbranche:van 'Domestic' naar 'Multidomestic'? : Van 'domestic' naar 'multidomestic'?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F.A.J. van den Bosch (Frans); W.J.F. Schouten

    1993-01-01

    textabstractMet het verschijnen van Michael Porter's Competitive Advantage of Nations' is de belangstelling voor de invloed van de nationale omgeving op de internationale concurrentiepositie van bedrijven en bedrijfstakken gestimuleerd. De aandacht gaat daarbij echter vooral uit naar bedrijfstakken

  15. Op Kop; Internationale concurrentiepositie en strategie Nederlandse glastuinbouw

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijnands, J.H.M.

    2004-01-01

    De Nederlandse glastuinbouwsector heeft wereldwijd een vooraanstaande positie: als technologisch innovator, als toeleverancier van productiemiddelen, uitgangsmateriaal en kennis, en natuurlijk als producent en exporteur van vruchtgroenten. Driekwart van de nationale productie wordt geëxporteerd.

  16. The economics of oil palm

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moll, H.A.J.

    1987-01-01

    Naast een algemene analyse van de kennis over oliepalmen en de produkten ervan wordt de betekenis van oliepalmen voor de nationale economie van 8 producerende landen nader uitgewerkt: Indonesie, Maleisie, Cameroun, Ivoorkust, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Colombia en Honduras

  17. De autonomie-ondersteunende doceerstijl in excellentieprogramma’s: de invloed van mindset, motivatie en druk vanuit de sociale werkomgeving.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dr. Marca Wolfensberger; Dr. Marjolein Heijne-Penninga; Drs. Tineke Kingma; Dr. Elanor Kamans

    2016-01-01

    Excellentieprogramma’s staan sinds de start van het Sirius Programma hoog op de nationale onderwijsagenda. Intrinsiek gemotiveerde honoursstudenten prefereren docenten die hun motivatie voeden door autonomie-ondersteuning, gecombineerd met het bieden van structuur en verbondenheid. Deze studie richt

  18. [Stefan Hartmann. Revaler Handwerker im Spiegel fer Ratsprotokolle von 1722 bis 1755] / Paul Kaegbein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaegbein, Paul

    2007-01-01

    Arvustus: Stefan Hartmann. Revaler Handwerker im Spiegel fer Ratsprotokolle von 1722 bis 1755. In : Ostseeprovinzen, baltische Staaten und das Nationale. Münster : LIT, 2005. lk. 89-112. Kanuti gildi koondunud ametite organisatsioonist ja struktuurist

  19. Burgerperspectieven 2016 | 3

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Paul Dekker; Lisanne de Blok; Joep de Hart

    2016-01-01

    Onderwerpen in dit kwartaalbericht: Herstel van vertrouwen in de politiek Positiever over het eu-lidmaatschap Vluchtelingen minder in de aandacht Grote opleidingsverschillen in houding tegenover globalisering Burgers kennen nationale overheid veel verantwoordelijkheden toe Kerkgangers

  20. The detection of antibodies against Salmonella Enteritidis in reference materials using a LPS ELISA ; A collaborative study amongst the National Reference Laboratories for Salmonella

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voogt N; Dufrenne JB; Nagelkerke N; Veld PH in' t; Henken AM; MGB

    1997-01-01

    Het Communautair Referentie Laboratorium voor Salmonella (CRL) heeft een ringonderzoek georganiseerd waarin een immunologische methode voor het aantonen van antilichamen tegen Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) werd uitgevoerd en waaraan alle Nationale Referentie Laboratoria voor Salmonella (NRLs)

  1. Biologische landbouw en mestwetgeving : Inventarisatie van knelpunten

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boer, M.

    2000-01-01

    Om na te gaan in hoeverre biologische boeren onder de huidige omstandigheden hinder ondervinden van nationale en Europese mestwetgeving is op verzoek van de Federatie van Biologische Boeren en het Platform Biologica bij de Wetenschapswinkel van Wageningen Universiteit een onderzoeksvoorstel

  2. GETDB: 112260 [GETDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 112260 Link to Original w[*]; P{GawB}NP0634 / TM3 Ser - - - 634 3 NP line. Received from the National...lated Genes - Original Number 634 Chr. 3 Comments NP line. Received from the National

  3. GETDB: 112660 [GETDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 112660 Link to Original y[*] w[*]; P{GawB}NP1379 - - - 1379 - NP line. Received from the National...es - Original Number 1379 Chr. - Comments NP line. Received from the National Ins

  4. EU Interlaboratory comparison study VII on bacteriological detection of Salmonella spp

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Korver H; Nagelkerke NJD; van de Giessen AW; Mooijman KA; MGB; IMAR

    2005-01-01

    In 2003 werd door het Communautair Referentie Laboratorium voor Salmonella (CRL-Salmonella, Bilthoven, the Netherlands) het zevende bacteriologische ringonderzoek georganiseerd. Nationale Referentie Laboratoria voor Salmonella (NRL's-Salmonella) van de EU lidstaten (16), van NRL Noorwegen en

  5. Regelungen im Verkehr mit Lebensmitteln und Bedarfsgegenständen in Deutschland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Gundula; Freund, Astrid; Gründig, Friedrich

    Im Zuge der Globalisierung von Produktion und Handel ändert sich auch der Charakter der Vorschriften im Lebensmittelrecht. Zunehmend treten internationale Rechtsbestimmungen, Abkommen, Standards und andere Normen an die Stelle nationaler Regelungen.

  6. E-MODE: Comparative Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Leif Emil; Thoregaard, Kamille

    2009-01-01

    En sammenlignende analyse af undersøgelsesresultater i 5 nationale rapporter vedr. voksenunderviseres kompetencer i og brug af IT i deres professionelle arbejde - i de 5 partnerlande Bulgarien, Danmark, Grækenland, Sverige og Tyrkiet...

  7. Die Holger Danske - Oper 1789. Kosmopolitismus und Körperlichkeit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandberg, Anna Lena

    2016-01-01

    En analyse af librettoteksten til Jens Baggesens og Kunzens opera "Holger Danske" 1789, der viser dens nationale og kosmopolitiske dimensioner og diskuterer operaen som identitetspolitisk erindringssted i dansk historie....

  8. De Nederlandse cybersecurity strategie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Luiijf, H.A.M.

    2011-01-01

    Recent werd de Nederlandse 'Nationale Cybersecurity Strategie: Slagkracht door samenwerking' openbaar gemaakt. Wat zijn de hoofdpunten van deze strategie en wat betekend dat voor de burgers, bedrijven, overheid, afnemers of leveranciers van informatie- en communicatie technologie?

  9. Du role des signaux faibles sur la reconfiguration des processus de la chaîne d e valeur de l'organisation : l'exemple d'une centrale d'achats de la grande distribution française

    OpenAIRE

    MEVEL, Olivier

    2004-01-01

    - Directeur de la recherche : Monsieur Pierre Baranger, Professeur à l'Université de Bretagne Occidentale - Rapporteurs : Monsieur Pierre Jean Benghozi, rapporteur, Professeur à l'Ecole Polytechnique Monsieur Alain Burlaud, rapporteur, Professeur au Conservatoire Nationale des Arts et Métiers - Suffragants Monsieur Christian Cadiou, Professeur à l'Université de Bretagne Occidentale Monsieur Godefroy Dang N'Guyen, Professeur à l'Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Télécommunications de Bretagne et ...

  10. Komparativität

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Niels Rosendal

    2010-01-01

    Artiklen beskriver kort vanskelighederne ved at komparere socialpædagogik i forskellige europæiske lande - bl.a. med betoning af, at professionerne arbejder i nationale og kulturelle kontekster. Samtidig understreges behovet for komparative analyser.......Artiklen beskriver kort vanskelighederne ved at komparere socialpædagogik i forskellige europæiske lande - bl.a. med betoning af, at professionerne arbejder i nationale og kulturelle kontekster. Samtidig understreges behovet for komparative analyser....

  11. Transformation of History textbooks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haue, Harry

    2013-01-01

    Artiklen omhandler danske og tyske lærebøger i historie over de seneste to århundreder med hensyn til deres vægtning af det nationale og det globale stof.......Artiklen omhandler danske og tyske lærebøger i historie over de seneste to århundreder med hensyn til deres vægtning af det nationale og det globale stof....

  12. État de la fertilité du taureau sur l'efficacité de reproduction du ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    25 avr. 2013 ... 1 Assistant au Laboratoire des productions animales et biodiversité École Nationale Supérieure d'Agronomie et de Foresterie Université Marien Ngouabi. BP. 69. 2 Professeur des universités en zootechnie et biodiversité, École Nationale Supérieure d'Agronomie et de. Foresterie, Université Marien ...

  13. '... there was no single Internet cafe' : philippinische Traumproduktion und der 'Westen', oder: warum philippinische Transmigrantinnen Israel provinziell finden

    OpenAIRE

    Liebelt, Claudia

    2006-01-01

    'Transnationale Ansätze in der Migrationsforschung haben in den vergangenen Jahren gezeigt, wie Migranten multiple soziale, politische und kulturelle Bezüge aufbauen, die nationale Grenzen überschreiten, ohne jedoch die machtpolitischen und legalen 'Arenen', in denen sie agieren, aus den Augen zu verlieren. Hiervon ausgehend analysiert der vorliegende Artikel die Narrativen und Praktiken philippinischer Hausarbeiterinnen in Israel im Kontext globaler und nationaler Migrationsregime und politi...

  14. On Being Contemporary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catarina Figueiredo Cardoso

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Review of Anne Moeglin-Delcroix's new edition of Esthétique du Livre d'Artiste 1960-1980: Une Introduction à l'Art Contemporain. 2nd edition, Marseilles/Paris: Le mot et le reste/ Bibliothèque Nationale de France [1st ed., Esthétique du Livre d'Artiste: 1960-1980, Paris: Bibliothèque Nationale de France/Jean Michel Place, 1997], 2012, 444 pp. ISBN 9782360540136.

  15. „GOETE, Governance of Educational Trajectories in Europe, the Review“

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Torben Bechmann; Zander, Suzanne

    2012-01-01

    Evaluering af arbejdsprocesser og status i et Europæisk forskningsprojekt finansieret gennem 7. rammebevilling i EU. Evalueringen er baseret på dels forskningsrapporter og nationale rapporter dels på interviews med deltagere i forskningsprojektet.......Evaluering af arbejdsprocesser og status i et Europæisk forskningsprojekt finansieret gennem 7. rammebevilling i EU. Evalueringen er baseret på dels forskningsrapporter og nationale rapporter dels på interviews med deltagere i forskningsprojektet....

  16. 04 Sanou

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tom

    de leur transcription mais aussi et surtout à permettre la pérennisation et la diffusion des valeurs culturelles nationales. Pour nous en convaincre davantage il faut noter que jusqu'en 1998 où il y a eu un changement d'orientation (sur lequel nous dirons un mot), le montant des prix offerts aux lauréats des langues nationales.

  17. Recent Advances in Supramolecular Assemblies with Nucleic Acids

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-08-29

    Chairman 3:00-3:30 Jean Herscovici, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris (France) “Lipopolythioureas: a New Efficient Non Cationic System...DNA nanostructures” 10:00-10:30 Ivan Huc, Institut Européen de Chimie Biologie (IECB), Bordeaux (France) “Artificial Double Helical...Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris (France) “Lipopolythioureas: a New Efficient Non Cationic System for Gene Delivery” Abstract

  18. 15 mai 2012 - Le Premier Vice-Président de l'Office parlementaire d’évaluation des choix scientifiques et technologiques (FR)et Député de Haute-Savoie C. Birraux visite la salle de contrôle du CERN avec le Chef du département Technologie et le Chef adjoint du département Faisceaux R. Garoby.

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Gadmer

    2012-01-01

    Sont présent avec C. Birraux: Mme Elyette Levy-Heisbourg,Conseillère à l'Assemblée nationale, chargée de mission M. Marcel Van de Voorde, Professeur à l'Université de technologie de Delft M. Eric Szij,Conseiller à l'Assemblée nationale, Chef du secrétariat de l'OPECST

  19. Le débat des semences volume 2 : Solutions pour les lois ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le débat des semences volume 2 : Solutions pour les lois nationales régissant le contrôle des ressources génétiques et des innovations biologiques. Le débat des semences volume 2 : Solutions pour les lois nationales régissant le contrôle des. Auteur(s) : Groupe Crucible II. Maison(s) d'édition : IPGRI, DHF, CRDI.

  20. Mise à l'essai de solutions mobiles pour les soins de la volaille au ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    23 déc. 2014 ... Malgré les progrès réalisés à l'échelle nationale dans la lutte contre la pauvreté, la faim persiste au Laos. Quelque 44 % des enfants de moins de cinq ans souffrent de retards de croissance en raison de la malnutrition. Dans sa stratégie nationale pour la croissance et l'éradication de la pauvreté, ...

  1. Methodological problems in international comparisons based on national surveys

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Henning

    1995-01-01

    Artiklen omhandler de metodemæssige problemer, der opstår, når man gennemfører internationale sammenlignende undersøgelser baseret på nationale forarbejder.......Artiklen omhandler de metodemæssige problemer, der opstår, når man gennemfører internationale sammenlignende undersøgelser baseret på nationale forarbejder....

  2. Capital and operating costs of irradiated natural uranium reprocessing plants; Couts d'investissement et d'exploitation des usines de retraitement de l'uranium naturel irradie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thiriet, L.; Jouannaud, C.; Couture, J.; Duboz, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires; Oger, C. [Saint Gobain Nucleaire (France)

    1966-07-01

    This paper presents first a method of analysing natural uranium reprocessing plants investment costs (method similar to LANG and BACH well known in the fuel oil industry) and their operating costs (analysed according to their economic type). This method helps establishing standard cost structures for these plants, allowing thus comparisons between existing or planned industrial facilities. It also helps evaluating the foreseeable consequences of technical progress. Some results obtained are given, concerning: the investment costs sensitivity to the various technical parameters defining the fuel and their comparison according to the country or the economic area taken into account. Finally, the influence of the plants size on their investment costs is shown. (author) [French] La communication expose d'abord une methode d'analyse des couts d'investissement des usines de retraitement de l'uranium naturel irradie (inspiree de celles de LANG et de BACH, bien connues dans l'industrie petroliere) et de leurs couts d'exploitation (selon leur nature economique). Cette methode permet d'etablir des structures types de couts de ces usines et de comparer les realisations industrielles et les projets. Elle facilite l'exploration des consequences previsibles du progres technique. On indique un certain nombre de resultats obtenus, concernant la sensibilite des couts d'investissement de ces usines aux differents parametres techniques definissant le combustible et leur confrontation selon les pays ou aires economiques envisages. On montre enfin comment doit pouvoir s'exprimer l'influence de la taille des usines sur leur cout d'investissement. (auteur)

  3. LES CLINIQUES PRIVEES EN ALGERIE : L'EMERGENCE D'UN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    affinités, des sensibilités et des intérêts financiers. Mots Clés : Emergence, Clinique privée, Innovation ..... A l'instar des compagnies d'assurance privée, les clini- ques pratiquent des stratégies d'écrémage des risques et se posi- .... In Revue française de gestion N°146/5 pp.143-153. Claveranne J.P, Pascal C & Piovesan D ...

  4. Le strutture ecclesiastiche a Firenze a fine Settecento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pietro Domenico Giovannoni

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Il saggio ricostruisce il quadro generale delle strutture ecclesiastiche della città di Firenze alla fine del XVIII secolo: la rete parrocchiale, il ruolo del Capitolo del Duomo e quello della Basilica di San Lorenzo, la presenza di monasteri e conventi di regolari maschili e femminili ed infine le numerose compagnie laicali. Dall’analisi emerge come ancora a fine Settecento le istituzioni ecclesiastiche cittadine fossero fortemente legate alla struttura sociale della città, agli interessi ed alle strategie economiche e di prestigio sociale messe in opera dai diversi ceti, dalla aristocazia ai ceti produttivi degli artigiani.

  5. Filmer le travail dans un train postal. À propos de Night Mail Filming work in a mail train. A study of Night Mail Filmar el trabajo en un tren de correos. Acerca de Night Mail

    OpenAIRE

    Pierre Maillot

    2013-01-01

    Night Mail est un documentaire de court-métrage sur le travail du tri postal dans les transports ferroviaires de nuit, produit par le service cinéma du GPO (General Post Office, Ministère des Postes) du Royaume-Uni, en 1936. C’est d’abord, pour l’organisme d’État qui le produit, un film sur la Poste et les postiers qu’ils soient sur le terrain, à bord du train, ou dans les bureaux. Le film est nécessairement conduit à traiter aussi le travail de la compagnie de chemin de fer qui achemine le c...

  6. Filmer le travail dans un train postal. À propos de Night Mail

    OpenAIRE

    Maillot, Pierre

    2013-01-01

    Night Mail est un documentaire de court-métrage sur le travail du tri postal dans les transports ferroviaires de nuit, produit par le service cinéma du GPO (General Post Office, Ministère des Postes) du Royaume-Uni, en 1936. C’est d’abord, pour l’organisme d’État qui le produit, un film sur la Poste et les postiers qu’ils soient sur le terrain, à bord du train, ou dans les bureaux. Le film est nécessairement conduit à traiter aussi le travail de la compagnie de chemin de fer qui achemine le c...

  7. Regards croisés d'un physicien et d'un dessinateur sur Einstein et la physique the recipe of the Universe

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2006-01-01

    Rencontre donnée par John Ellis et Fiami. Partez à la découverte de la physique avec un auteur de bande dessinée qui vous fera découvrir six étapes cruciales de l’histoire de la connaissance, en compagnie de son héros Albert Einstein. Après ce voyage littéraire, un physicien du CERN vous expliquera les enjeux de la physique aujourd’hui, plus de 100 ans après Einstein.

  8. Carte non fidèle à la géographie.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Poncet

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available La Sncf , soucieuse de sa communication, en particulier à destination de ses clients, met à leur disposition dans les rames du Tgv (Train à Grande Vitesse un magazine mensuel, au contenu hétéroclite mais pas nécessairement inintéressant. Si une bonne partie du magazine couvre des sujets de société « au sens large », une autre est consacrée à l’actualité de la compagnie de transport, dans un esprit d’autopromotion. C’était en particulier le cas dans le numéro de mars ...

  9. Marta Serrano Coll, Effigies Regis Aragonum. La imagen figurativa del rey de Aragón en la Edad Media

    OpenAIRE

    Barreto, Joana

    2017-01-01

    La parution de la thèse de Mme Serrano Coll (défendue en 2005) procure aux médiévistes ibériques un ouvrage de synthèse remarquable par son ampleur chronologique qui couvre cinq siècles (xie-xvie siècle) de l’histoire du royaume d’Aragon, mais aussi des royaumes de Navarre, de Majorque et de Pampelune. Il porte sur les images du roi, mais aussi de la reine et de certains nobles en leur compagnie. La bibliographie de 289 pages, ...

  10. CONSTRUCTION DU SYSTEME DE SUIVI DES PERFORMANCES D'UN PROGRAMME DE FIDELISATION

    OpenAIRE

    Madinier, Blandine

    2000-01-01

    International audience; Le suivi des performances passe par une analyse de la valeur perçue par le client et des coûts générés. L'analyse par processus et par activités peut constituer un cadre méthodologique intéressant pour construire un outil d'instrumentation de l'arbitrage coût - valeur. Cette problématique est étudiée à travers l'étude empirique du programme de fidélisation d'une compagnie aérienne.

  11. Marioara Voiculescu - portretul unei artiste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iolanda Berzuc

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Formée dans l’esprit de l’école Davila, Marioara Voiculescu est devenue l’interprète idéale du drame moderne dont elle a épuisé tout le répertoire, par une identification totale et peu commune avec les héroïnes représentées sur scène. L’artiste a imposé dans le paysage théâtral de l’entre-deux-guerres l’image de la «diva», de la vedette adorée, du «monstre sacré». La force de communication et la vibration unique de son talent l’imposent autant sur le terrain du drame psychologique que dans les grands rôles du répertoire classique. Suite à la dissolution de la Compagnie Davila, Marioara Voiculescu fut la première femme à fonder une compagnie théâtrale, en expérimentant, d’un rôle à l’autre, de nouveaux styles interprétatifs dans des spectacles de référence dans l’histoire du théâtre roumain.

  12. Carlson Wagonlit Travel

    CERN Multimedia

    Carlson Wagonlit Travel

    2005-01-01

    Chères clientes, chers clients, Le 3 janvier dernier, nous vous avons informé de la décision des compagnies aériennes de supprimer les commissions versées aux agences de voyages suisses. Cette mesure a été introduite progressivement pour être appliquées maintenant par toutes les compagnies, à quelques rares exceptions près. En conséquence, en accord avec le CERN, nous serons dans l'obligation d'appliquer une nouvelle liste de prix de nos transactions pour les voyages privés. Elle sera applicable dès le lundi 25 juillet 2005. Carlson Wagonlit Travel (CWT) vous propose : Son service de conseil personnalisé, professionnel et compétent Sa recherche de la solution la plus économique et la mieux adaptée à vos besoins Sa neutralité dans les comparaisons de prix et prestations Des informations com...

  13. Du soutenable à l’insoutenable : le tourisme à Bocas del Toro (Panama. L’impact des logiques nationales et globales dans la déstructuration progressive d’une société d’accueil From sustainable to the unsustainable: tourism in Bocas del Toro (Panama. The impact of national and global logic in the gradual collapse of a host society Del sostenible al insostenible : el turismo en Bocas del Toro (Panamá. El impacto de la lógica nacional y mundial en el colapso gradual de una sociedad de acogida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camille Le Masne

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available L’objectif poursuivi par cet article, issu d’une enquête d’un mois sur l’archipel de Bocas del Toro en février 2009, est d’évaluer les mutations engendrées par l’avènement du tourisme sur l’île de Colon depuis une vingtaine d’année. Le développement de ce boom touristique en deux étapes assez différenciées – celle du tourisme dit soutenable de 1990 à 2002, puis seconde phase avec un  tourisme non contrôlé – nous a permis de dresser une analyse historique des rapports qu’entretiennent les populations à l’activité touristique. Notre enquête, qui porte sur les perceptions des habitants actuels de l’île, a mis en lumière les acteurs et leur rôle en fonction de leur temps d’arrivée dans l’île, lui-même lié au basculement d’une conception du tourisme à une autre.The aim of this article, based on a survey of one month on the archipelago of Bocas del Toro in February 2009, is to assess the changes brought by the advent of tourism on Colon’ island for twenty year. The development of the tourism boom in two phases sufficiently differentiated - that of sustainable tourism, says 1990 to 2002, then second phase with a non-tourism control - allowed us to develop a historical analysis of the relationship between populations and tourism. Our investigation, which focuses on the perceptions of the present inhabitants of the island, has highlighted the actors and their role according to their time of arrival on the island; itself linked to the changeover of a concept of tourism another.El objetivo de este artículo, basado en una encuesta de un mes en el archipiélago de Bocas del Toro en febrero de 2009, es evaluar los cambios producidos por la llegada del turismo en la isla de Colon durante veinte año. El desarrollo del auge del turismo en dos fases suficientemente diferenciados - la de un turismo sostenible, dijo desde 1990 hasta 2002, entonces la segunda fase con un turismo no contol - nos ha permitido desarrollar un análisis histórico de la relación de la actividad de la población turismo. Nuestra investigación, que se centra en las percepciones de los actuales habitantes de la isla, ha destacado los actores y su papel de acuerdo con su tiempo de llegada de la isla, se vinculaba con el paso de un concepto de turismo a otro concepto

  14. Hydrocarbons in mother rock in France. Initial report and complementary report (further to the law of the 13 July 2011 creating the national commission for orientation, follow-up and assessment of techniques of exploration and exploitation of liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons); Les hydrocarbures de roche-mere en France. Rapport initial et Rapport complementaire (suite a la loi du 13 juillet 2011 creant la Commission nationale d'orientation, de suivi et d'evaluation des techniques d'exploration et d'exploitation des hydrocarbures liquides et gazeux)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leteurtrois, Jean-Pierre; Durville, Jean-Louis; Pillet, Didier; Gazeau, Jean-Claude; Bellec, Gilles; Catoire, Serge

    2012-02-15

    These reports aimed at studying the opportunities of development of mother-rock hydrocarbons as well as the associated economic opportunities and geopolitical challenges, exploitation techniques (efficiency, capacity of the French industry, impacts, costs, perspectives), their social and environmental challenges (notably with respect to such a development in France), and legal, regulatory and tax framework. These issues are addressed in the first report whereas the complementary report gives an overview of the evolution of the energy context, of hydrocarbon resources and technologies, of the main actors in the world, and of experiments in France

  15. NATO and the Challenges of Austerity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    22 Jacob Odile, “Défense et Sécurité Nationale: Le Livre Blanc,” La Documentation Francaise , Paris, June 2008, p. 211. 22 NATO and the...the Cedars Revolution , January 14, 2010. 24 Not to be forgotten is the prospect that several littoral states may acquire an arsenal of long-range...aerospace.com, June 16, 2011. “Défense et Sécurité Nationale: Le Livre Blanc,” Odile Jacob/La Documentation Francaise , Paris, June 2008 Dempsey, Judy

  16. Preparing and Training for the Full Spectrum of Military Challenges. Insights from the Experiences of China, France, the United Kingdom, India, and Israel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    de la Commission de la Défense Nationale et des Forces Armées sur le Projet de Loi de Finances...goal of the management of French training, and these norms are focused on 32 Niagale Bagayoko, and Anne Kovacs, La Gestion Interministérielle des ...Paris, France, March 3, 2008. 49 Hart, Avis Présenté au Nom de la Commission de la Défense Nationale et des Forces Armées sur le Projet de Loi

  17. Rezension zu: Sonja Wölte: International – national – lokal. Königstein im Taunus: Ulrike Helmer Verlag 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janne Mende

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Sonja Wölte analysiert, wie Frauenbewegungen in Kenia auf lokaler und auf nationaler Ebene agieren. Im Mittelpunkt der feministisch-politologischen Arbeit steht die Umsetzung der universellen Menschenrechte am Beispiel internationaler Abkommen zu Frauen- und Menschenrechten. Der lange Weg vom Zustandekommen internationaler Konventionen, deren Ratifizierung durch die kenianische Regierung, vor allem aber die Implementierung in die nationale Gesetzgebung und die Umsetzung in lokale und alltägliche Lebensweisen werden ausführlich dargestellt. Den untersuchten kenianischen Frauenbewegungen kommt dabei im Kampf auf der rechtlichen Ebene sowie bei der Durchführung von politischen Bildungsseminaren und Aufklärungsangeboten eine besondere Bedeutung zu.

  18. Multiscale Materials Science: A Mathematical Approach to the Role of Defects and Uncertainty

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    ADDRESS(ES) Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussees 6 et 8 avenue Blaise Pascal, Cite Descartes , Champs sur Marne 77 455 Marne la Vallee Cedex 2...nationale des ponts et chaussees 6 et 8 avenue Blaise-Pascal, Cite Descartes Champs-sur-Marne F-77455 Mame-la-Vallee cedex 2 www.enpc.fr tel...CHAUSSEES 6, AVENUE BLAISE PASCAL 6 ET 8 CITE DESCARTES CHAMPS SUR MARNE, 77420 FR 13d. BUSINESS OFFICE CONTACT: CAROLINA GARCIA-OLMEDO 13e

  19. Identification des objets et detection de leur alignement en utilisant la technologie RFID

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahma, Zayoud

    De nos jours, les vehicules motorises sont essentiels dans notre vie quotidienne, d'ou la necessite de leur approvisionnement en carburant. L'approvisionnement en carburant peut entrainer certains inconvenients, tels que: les files d'attente, la disponibilite non-continuelle du carburant et les fraudes. Les problemes d'attente et de disponibilite non-continuelle du carburant peuvent etre facilement resolus en allant a une autre station d'essence aux alentours si disponibles. Par contre le probleme de fraudes est plus difficile a resoudre. De ce fait, decoule notre solution qui consiste a developper un systeme intelligent pour la gestion d'approvisionnement en carburant afin de remedier a ce probleme de fraudes. Pour des raisons de surete, il faut eviter les risques d'etincelles dans l'environnement du carburant. En particulier, il convient de ne pas utiliser un systeme utilisant 1'electricite proche de la pompe, du tuyau ou du reservoir du carburant du vehicule. Nous avons choisi la technologie RFID (Radio Frequency IDentification) et avons opte pour l'utilisation des etiquettes passives, etant donne que les etiquettes semi-passives ou actives contiennent une batterie electrique et sont nettement plus cheres. Un vehicule motorise sera identifie avec une etiquette RFID passive collee au-dessus du goulot de son reservoir. Deux autres etiquettes RFID seront placees sur le pistolet de sorte que le flux du carburant ne sera autorise que lorsque les trois etiquettes sont alignees. Notre travail etait a la demande d'une entreprise petroliere ayant une chaine internationale de stations de carburant. Le travail consiste en la conception, par la recherche, du systeme requis et s'articule sur l'optimisation de la topologie des antennes et des etiquettes de sorte que le systeme juge qu'il y a alignement lorsque le bec du pistolet est fonce dans le goulot du reservoir, et par consequent autorise le versement du carburant. Dans tous les autres cas, le systeme doit juger qu'il n

  20. Phishing, kinderporno en advance-fee internet fraud : hypothesen van cybercrime en haar daders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Faber, W.; Mostert, S.; Faber, J.; Vrolijk, N.

    2010-01-01

    Dit onderzoek is uitgevoerd in opdracht van het Programma Nationale Infrastructuur Cybercrime (NICC) en het WODC. De centrale onderzoeksvraag is: Welke hypothesen over kenmerken van daders van cybercrime en de door hen gepleegde delicten, kunnen dienen als basis voor beïnvloeding, tegenhouden of

  1. Recht en politiek in een tijd van globalisering

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pijnenburg, L.F.P.

    2011-01-01

    Wat betekenen de sterk toegenomen migratie in de wereld en de gestage totstandkoming van een wereldmaatschappij voor de manier waarop we onszelf en de ander zien? Wat zijn de gevolgen van deze globalisering voor ons begrip van politiek en voor de vorming van nationale en culturele identiteiten? Op

  2. Læringsprogression kan bruges til at styrke datakulturen i skolen!

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Daugbjerg, Peer; Sillasen, Martin Krabbe; Hamza, Karim

    2016-01-01

    Der er megen fokus på, hvordan man evaluerer elevernes læring. Grundlaget for evaluering er forskellige former for data, som indsamles på forskellig måde, fx nationale tests, tip-10, VØL-skema, kan/kan-næsten/kan ikke, sprogtests, multiple choice tests, samt retning og kommentering af stile...

  3. Matériaux pour la faunistique des Orthoptères de France. Fascicule II. Les acridiens des Musées de Paris et d’Amsterdam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kruseman, G.

    1982-01-01

    A catalogue of French localities of the material of the families Pamphagidae, Pyrgomorphidae, Catantopidae and Acrididae preserved in the collections of the Museum nationale d’Histoire naturelle of Paris and the Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie at Amsterdam. Change of status: Chorthippus

  4. Unpublished manuscripts of Sophie Germain and a revaluation of her work on Fermat's Last Theorem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Del Centina, Andrea

    2008-07-01

    Published, and discussed, are some manuscripts and a letter of Sophie Germain concerning her work on Fermat's Last Theorem. These autographs, held at Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, at the Moreniana Library, Florence, and at the University Library, Göttingen, contribute to a substantial revaluation of her work on this subject.

  5. Lieux de vente de vin de palme et débats publics : une autre face de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    chifaou.amzat

    administration et de la salubrité de ces sites nous pousse à toucher la responsabilité des pouvoirs publics pour ce ... cas de certaines journées qui précèdent ou suivent un match de football qui devrait ou a opposé l'équipe nationale ...

  6. MONOGRAPHIE DE LA VILLE DE MBUJIMAYI

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    La moyenne de temps de son administration est de deux ans et demi5. L'actuel maire, Ntambue ..... L'Harmattan, 1993, Rapport sur l'administration du Congo belge présenté aux chambres législatives. 1950, p. 436. ...... et autres grandes équipes nationales de football pour continuer avec des discussions musicales.

  7. Somewhere, over the rainbow

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Michael Nebeling

    diskursanalyse af repræsentationerne af den homoseksuelle figur i Folketingsforhandlingerne om centrale homoret-tigheder 1988-2010. Det andet studie er en analyse af repræsentationerne af den homoseksuelle figur i nationale og trykte medier med fokus på LGBT-paraden og afviklingen af World Outgames i København...

  8. Journalistik under Terrorangreb

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mogensen, Kirsten

    (nationale kriser); Howard Gardner, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi og William Damon (professionen); Louis A. Day (etik); Alf Ross (normer); Gordon W. Allport (roller). Den videnskabsteoretiske tilgang er overvejende hermeneutisk/fænomenologisk. Da dette er en baggrundsrapport for offentliggjorte artikler, har jeg...

  9. Knowledge of HIV and AIDS in women in sub-Saharan Africa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    Computer Science], ORC Macro. Mali. Demographic and Health Survey 2001: Key. Findings. Calverton, Maryland, USA: MOH,. Direction Nationale de la Statistique et de l'Informatique and ORC Macro, 2001. 8. National Population Commission (NPC). Nigeria, ORC Macro. Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey 2003.

  10. AS_643_A4 OK

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AKA BOKO

    service chargé des Établissements Dangereux Incommodes et Insalubres), le problème de la gestion des eaux usées reste et ..... très inférieures au projet de normes nationales qui fixent la température des rejets à 50°C maximum. Le pH varie de ...

  11. Renforcement des connaissances économiques et de la capacité d ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    adaptation des acteurs ruraux béninois face aux changements climatiques (no ... régionale et nationale), de renforcer les capacités des comités communaux de pré-alerte sur la gestion des risques et sinistres liés au climat, et d'assurer la ...

  12. Climate change's impact on Morocco's northeast coast | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    30 juin 2011 ... The Moroccan École nationale forestière d'ingénieurs led the project, with several partners including the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research. The article was published in the Journal of Coastal Research's Proceedings of the 10th International Coastal Symposium (2009). The Climate Change ...

  13. Formandskabets prioriteter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adler-Nissen, Rebecca

    2012-01-01

    I hvilken grad kan et nationalt formandskab påvirke EU’s politiske dagsorden? Denne artikel problematiserer den gængse forestilling om »nationale interesser« i forskningen om EU-formandskaber og EU mere generelt. Artiklen analyserer det danske EU-formandskabsprograms tilblivelsesproces fra begynd...

  14. Diplomati

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adler-Nissen, Rebecca

    2012-01-01

    En velfungerende udenrigstjeneste kræver på den ene side, at EU's nye diplomater er loyale over for unionen og ikke modtager instrukser fra hjemlandet. På den anden side skal de nationale udenrigstjenester for alvor til at bidrage til ideen om en fælles udenrigspolitik. Udfordringerne er mange i ...

  15. Ramsar conventie in Nederland: meerwaarde voor beleid en beheer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Salverda, I.E.; Chardon, P.

    2006-01-01

    In deze korte verkenning wordt aan de hand van een documentenanalyse en een aantal semi-gestructureerde interviews onderzocht wat de betekenis is (geweest) van de Ramsar conventie voor het nationale natuurbeleid en het beheer van wetlands op Nederlands grondgebied. Ook wordt gekeken wat de betekenis

  16. Étude des propriétés de cohérence de nanoparticules de Eu3+:Y2O3

    OpenAIRE

    Fossati, Alexandre; Serrano, Diana; Ferrier, Alban; Liu, Shuping; Goldner, Philippe

    2017-01-01

    A poster (in French) entitled 'Étude des propriétés de cohérence de nanoparticules de Eu3+:Y2O3' was presented by Alexandre Fossati (CNRS-CP) during the 'Journées Nationales des Cristaux pour l'Optique 2017' workshop. The event took place in Paris from September 4 to 6, 2017.

  17. Clash of Civilisations in Nederland en het effect op de democratie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gahremany, S.

    2009-01-01

    Samuel Huntington presenteerde in "The Clash of Civilisations and the Remaking of World Orde" misschien de meest besproken theorie in de Internationale Betrekkingen. Hoe deze internationale theorie zijn weg in de Nederlandse maatschappij en de nationale politiek gevonden heeft en zijn dynamiek en de

  18. Mise au point d'un indice précis pour évaluer le risque de morbidité ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    insuffisance pondérale pour évaluer les risques d'infection. La subvention permettra à la NFI de vérifier cette hypothèse au moyen d'une analyse secondaire des données du National Family Health Survey-3 (enquête nationale sur la santé familiale).

  19. Ny Forskning: Lean skader ikke arbejdsmiljøet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Edwards, Kasper

    2010-01-01

    Et nyligt afsluttet forskningsprojekt mellem DTU, Aalborg Universitet, det Nationale forskningscenter for arbejdsmiljø og 10 danske virksomheder konkluderer at lean ikke betyder forringelse af arbejdsmiljøet. Projektet konkluderer også at ledelse er afgørende og at forandringsprocessen er hård...

  20. The Aircraft Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    Palmdale, CA Boeing Commercial Airplanes Division, Seattle, WA International: EADS, Manching, Germany Eurocopter , Marignane, France Airbus, Toulouse... France Soceite Nationale d’Etude et de Construction de Moteurs d’Aviation (SNECMA) Moteurs, Villaroche Plant, Salle Viercy, France Organization...of Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris, France AgustaWestland, Yeovil, United Kingdom Rolls Royce, Civil Aerospace & Defence Aerospace

  1. The Aircraft Industry, 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    France Eurocopter , Marseille, France Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris, France Rolls Royce Aircraft Engines, Civil and...A320/340/380 Production Lines, Blagnac, France BAE Systems plc Corporate Offices, London, United Kingdom Dassault Corporate Headquarters, St. Cloud...Defence Aerospace Divisions, Derby, United Kingdom Societe Nationale d’Etude et de Construction de Moteurs d’Aviation (SNECMA), Evry, France

  2. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Saidou, V. Vol 17, No 2 (2015) - Articles Analyse organisationnelle d'une action collective « de souverainete nationale », l'exemple de la course d'ascension du Mont Cameroun. Abstract · Vol 18, No 1 (2016) - Articles Determinants de la performance organisationnelle dans le reseau associatif de l'athletisme Africain

  3. Data-uitwisselingsplatform gezondheid en milieu - Haalbaarheidsstudie en plan van aanpak

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Staatsen BAM; Mulder YM; van Overveld AJP; MGO

    2006-01-01

    Een web-based data-uitwisselingsplatform gezondheid en milieu draagt bij aan de ontsluiting en harmonisatie van lokale en nationale gegevens en zal daarmee de formulering en evaluatie van milieubeleid vergemakkelijken. In dit rapport zijn op basis van de ervaringen met vergelijkbare initiatieven en

  4. Bomen over ruimte: een studie naar de toekomstige ruimtebehoefte voor de boomteelt in de regio Boskoop

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Knijff, van der A.; Westerman, E.; Bremmer, J.

    2002-01-01

    In het kader van de streekplanherziening Zuid-Holland Oost is een schatting gemaakt van de toekomstige ruimtebehoefte voor de boomteelt in de regio Boskoop tot 2015. Op basis van toekomstige ontwikkelingen in de vraag naar boomteeltproducten, de (inter)nationale concurrentiepositie van de boomteelt

  5. Crowd Confrontation and Non-Lethal Weapons: A Literature Review and Conceptual Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    by Festinger [ Festinger , 1954] has been used for this purpose. The basic idea is that part of a normal psychological functioning is that a person...nationale des sciences politiques. Cited in [Lebeuf and Soullière, 1996]. [ Festinger , 1954] Festinger , L. (1954) A theory of social comparison processes

  6. Langues et education en Afrique noire (Language and Education in Black Africa).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bearth, Thomas, Ed.

    1997-01-01

    Papers on language and education in Black Africa include: "L'enseignement des et en langues nationales au Zaire. Bilan d'une experience" ("The Teaching of and in National Languages in Zaire. Results of an Experiment") (Andre Mbula Paluku); "Langues et education au Rwanda" ("Languages and Education in…

  7. Thirteenth CRL-Salmonella interlaboratory comparison study on typing of Salmonella spp. : Dertiende CRL-Salmonella ringonderzoek voor de typering van Salmonella spp.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berk PA; Maas HME; de Pinna E; Mooijman KA; LZO; cib

    2010-01-01

    De Nationale Referentie Laboratoria (NRL's) van de 27 Europese lidstaten scoorden goed bij de kwaliteitscontrole op Salmonella-typering in 2008. Vier laboratoria hadden hiervoor een herkansing nodig. Daarnaast is een analyse van alle NRL's als groep uitgevoerd, waaruit bleek dat zij 97 %

  8. EU Interlaboratory comparison study Food-II Bacteriological detection of Salmonella in minced beef

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuijpers AFA; Veenman C; van de Kassteele J; Mooijman KA; LZO

    2008-01-01

    Van de 30 Europese Nationale Referentie Laboratoria (NRLs) waren er 29 in staat hoge en lage concentraties Salmonella in rundergehakt aan te tonen. Vijf laboratoria hadden hiervoor een herkansing nodig. Een laboratorium kon ook tijdens deze herkansing niet voldoende presteren. Momenteel wordt

  9. EU Interlaboratory comparison study Food-I Bacteriological detection of Salmonella in minced beef

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuijpers AFA; Veenman C; van de Kassteele J; Mooijman KA; LZO

    2007-01-01

    De Europese Nationale Referentie Laboratoria (NRLs) voor Salmonella hebben in een ringonderzoek hoge en lage concentraties Salmonella aangetoond in rundergehakt. Hiermee hebben ze laten zien dat ze voldoen aan de gestelde eisen. De Modified Semi-solid Rappaport Vassiliadis (MSRV), een

  10. Sixteenth EURL-Salmonella interlaboratory comparison study on typing of Salmonella spp. : Zestiende EURL-Salmonella ringonderzoek voor de typering van Salmonella spp.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jacobs-Reitsma WF; Pol-Hofstad IE; Maas HME; de Pinna E; Mooijman KA; LZO; cib

    2012-01-01

    De 28 Nationale Referentie Laboratoria (NRL's) van de 27 Europese lidstaten scoorden in 2011 goed bij de kwaliteitscontrole om Salmonella te typeren. Twee laboratoria hadden hiervoor een herkansing nodig. Alle NRL's samen konden gemiddeld genomen aan 97 procent van de geteste stammen de juiste naam

  11. The fourteenth CRL-Salmonella workshop, 25 and 26 May 2009, Bilthoven, the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mooijman KA; LZO; LIS; cib

    2010-01-01

    Dit rapport bevat verslagen van de presentaties die op 25 en 26 mei 2009 zijn gehouden tijdens de veertiende jaarlijkse workshop voor de Nationale Referentie Laboratoria (NRL's) voor Salmonella. Het doel van de workshop is informatie uitwisselen over activiteiten van zowel de NRL's als van het

  12. EU Interlaboratory comparison study veterinary XII . Bacteriological detection of Salmonella in chicken faeces

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuijpers AFA; Veenman C; Mooijman KA; LZO

    2009-01-01

    In 2009 heeft een vergelijkende studie onder 34 Nationale Referentie Laboratoria (NRL's) uitgewezen dat alle NRL's in staat waren hoge en lage concentraties Salmonella in kippenmest aan te tonen. Van deze laboratoria lieten er 33 direct zien dat zij het onderzoek met succes en volgens de

  13. The eleventh CRL-Salmonella workshop, 9 May 2006, Saint Malo, France

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mooijman KA; MGB

    2006-01-01

    De elfde workshop georganiseerd door het Communautair Referentie Laboratorium voor Salmonella (CRL-Salmonella) werd gehouden op 9 mei 2006 in Saint Malo, Frankrijk. Deelnemers waren vertegenwoordigers van de nationale Referentie Laboratoria voor Salmonella (NRLs-Salmonella) van de lidstaten van de

  14. Test results of serotyping Salmonella strains in the Member States of the European Union (A collaborative study amongst the National Reference Laboratories for Salmonella)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voogt N; Maas HME; Leeuwen WJ van; Henken AM; MGB

    1997-01-01

    Het Communautair Referentie Laboratorium (CRL) voor Salmonella heeft een ringonderzoek voor de serotypering van Salmonella georganiseerd. De Nationale Referentie Laboratoria (NRLs) voor Salmonella uit 14 van de 15 lidstaten van de Europese Unie deden aan het onderzoek mee. Het doel was te

  15. EU Interlaboratory comparison study veterinary XI : Bacteriological detection of Salmonella in chicken faeces

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuijpers AFA; Veenman C; Mooijman KA; LZO

    2009-01-01

    Alle 32 Nationale Referentie Laboratoria (NRL's) waren in 2008 in staat hoge en lage concentraties Salmonella in kippenmest aan te tonen. Hiervan behaalden 28 laboratoria direct het gewenste niveau. Twee laboratoria hadden een herkansing nodig. Bij een NRL was het CRL-Salmonella aanwezig tijdens

  16. Groei en bloei in West-Friesland

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bremmer, J.; Meulen, van der H.A.B.; Stokkers, R.

    2002-01-01

    De combinatie bloembollenteelt op klei en de bolbloementeelt geeft het complex West-Friesland een geheel eigen plaats in de nationale bloembollensector. In dit rapport wordt een beschrijving gegeven van het bloembollencomplex. Uitgebreid wordt de ontwikkeling van de bollenteelt en de broeierij

  17. Erziehung und demokratische Öffentlichkeit af Axel Honneth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Honneth, Axel

    2016-01-01

    Honneth analyserer med et historisk tilbageblik sammenhænge mellem pædagogik og demokrati. Hans fokus er på hvordan demokratiske forholdemåder reproduceres i de pædagogiske og uddannelsesmæssige i forskellige nationale kontekster....

  18. Évaluation Des Performances Agronomiques Et Socio Économiques ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    alimentation des populations. En 2005 la production nationale estimée à 70 000 t ne couvre que 1/3 du besoin des populations. Cette faible production est due à plusieurs facteurs dont le manque des variétés productives et tolérantes aux ...

  19. Motivation og læringsform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Steen Høyrup; Voigt, Jane; Gundersen, Peter

    Forskningsrapport over motivation og læringsform, med særlig fokus på kortuddannede, der er baseret dels på nationale, nordiske og internationale litteraturstudier, dels på nye empiriske undersøgelser af undervisningsforløb samt på erfaringsopsamlinger fra danske udviklingsprojekter gennemført med...

  20. Implementering af tre misbrugsbehandlinger for udsatte unge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Weatherall, Cecilie Dohlmann; Termansen, Tina

    2015-01-01

    SFI- Det Nationale Forskningscenter for Velfærd skal evaluere ”Projekt misbrugsbehandling for udsatte unge”, som løber fra 2011 til 2014. De tre behandlingsmodeller, som indgår i Socialstyrelsens (SOS) ”Projekt misbrugsbehandling for udsatte unge”, er MST-SA (Multi Systemic Therapy Substance Abuse...

  1. Aquatic Environment 2000

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, L. M.; Bijl, L. van der; Boutrup, S.

    The report summarizes the results of the Danish Aquatic Monitoring and Assessment Programme 1998-2003. Danish Environmental Protection Agency 2000: NOVA-2003. Programbeskrivelse for det nationale program for overvågning af vandmiljøet 1998-2003. 397 pp. - Redegørelse fra Miljøstyrelsen nr. 1 (in...

  2. Is de Grondwet voor bange mensen?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Besselink, L.F.M.

    In dit korte artikel wordt aangetoond dat een analyse van het belang van internationaal recht voor de nationale rechtsorde niet gebaseerd kan worden op door globalisering achterhaalde hierarchische noties als van Hans Kelsen. Een moralistische identificatie van 'monisme' en 'dualisme' met goed en

  3. Sudan : tous les projets | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'aménagement efficace des terres s'inscrit au coeur même de Vision 2030, la stratégie de planification nationale du Kenya. Sujet: LEGISLATION. Région: Kenya, Sudan. Programme: Governance and Justice. Financement total : CA$ 508,200.00. Règlements politiques inclusifs, responsables et légitimes en Afrique - étude ...

  4. WTO og skatteret

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Karsten Engsig

    2005-01-01

    Artiklen analyserer hvordan WTO-retten, særligt GATT-, GATS- og subsidieaftalen, kan påvirke indholdet af national skatteret. Udover en drøftelse af princippet om national behandling og mest begunstigelsesprincippet drøftes hvordan subsidieaftalen kan påvirke de nationale principper om global con...... contra territorial beskatning og reglerne om transfer pricing....

  5. Kan forskellige velfærdsregimer betjenes af harmoniserede uddannelser?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Niels Rosendal

    2009-01-01

    Artiklen behandler dels Bologna-processen, dels etableringen af et marked for serviceydelser. Begge dele berører hidtidige sammenhæng mellem national uddannelse til et nationalt arbejdsmarked. Dog understreges, at den fortsatte nationale akkreditering af uddannelser modificerer virkningerne af...

  6. En Amérique latine et dans les Caraïbes, de plus en plus de femmes ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ces données permettront aussi aux entreprises en plein essor d'obtenir leur certification et leur fourniront l'information et la rétroaction sur les ressources nationales et mondiales dont elles disposent pour soutenir leur croissance. Le projet suscitera de nouvelles connaissances sur l'autonomisation économique des ...

  7. Korotkie nogi i radostnye glaza

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuhlmann, Annelis; Christensen, Anne Middelboe

    2009-01-01

    Det Kongelige Teaters balletskole i København gennemlever en forandring. Skolen er forpligtet på at understøtte den Kongelige Ballets nationale tradition og uddanne dansere, som ville kunne Bournonvilles romantiske balletter. Men skolen skal også udvikle pædagogiske metoder til at uddanne...

  8. Ce que nous faisons | Page 135 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    action d'Affaires mondiales Canada et d'autres ministères et organismes du gouvernement ..... L'Association canadienne d'études du développement international (ACÉDI) est une association nationale bilingue, interdisciplinaire et pluraliste qui se ...

  9. EU Interlaboratory comparison study animal feed III : Detection of Salmonella in chicken feed

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuijpers AFA; van de Kassteele J; Mooijman KA; VDL; I&V

    2016-01-01

    In 2014 waren 32 van de 34 Nationale Referentie Laboratoria (NRL's) in de Europese Unie in staat om hoge en lage concentraties Salmonella in kippenvoer aan te tonen. Twee NRL's behaalden een matig resultaat als gevolg van een rapportagefout. Vanwege herhaaldelijk slechte prestaties is een van deze

  10. EU Interlaboratory comparison study animal feed I . Bacteriological detection of Salmonella in chicken feed

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuipers AFA; Veenman C; van de Kassteele J; Mooijman KA; LZO

    2009-01-01

    In 2008 waren van de 30 Nationale Referentie Laboratoria (NRL's) in de Europese Unie er 29 in staat hoge en lage concentraties van de Salmonellabacterie in kippenvoer aan te tonen. Zij behaalden direct het gewenste niveau. Een laboratorium kon ook tijdens de herkansing niet voldoende

  11. EU Interlaboratory comparison study animal feed II : Detection of Salmonella in chicken feed

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuijpers AFA; van de Kassteele J; Mooijman KA; VDL; I&V

    2013-01-01

    In 2012 waren 30 van de 34 Nationale Referentie Laboratoria (NRL's) in de Europese Unie in staat om hoge en lage concentraties van de Salmonellabacterie in kippenvoer aan te tonen. Van de vier die daar niet in slaagden heeft één NRL de toegestuurde monsters niet ingezet vanwege organisatorische

  12. Brasiliens regering og økonomi - og demokrati - i frit fald

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgaard, Mads; Kolling, Marie

    2016-01-01

    Vidneudsagn og bevismateriale om systematisk korruption hober sig op imod den brasilianske regering, ledet af præsident Dilma Rousseff fra Arbejderpartiet (Partido dos Trabalhadores). Selvom hele det politiske spektrum i Brasiliens kongres er under efterforskernes lup har de nationale medier...

  13. Initiative sur les systèmes de santé en Afrique (ISSA) | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Agence canadienne de développement international qui s'étend sur 10 ans et vise à renforcer les ressources humaines en santé et les systèmes de santé africains. L'ISSA vise à renforcer les stratégies et les infrastructures nationales en santé ...

  14. Connaissances et attitudes sur le tabagisme chez les eleves ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Aims: To assess the knowledge and attitudes of nursing students on smoking. Patients and methods: We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted from 3rd to 6th June 2012 with nursing students from the Ecole Nationale des Auxiliaires Médicaux of Lome. Results: The survey included 207 nursing students.

  15. Évaluation du potentiel de germination de Moringa oleifera dans la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    28 févr. 2014 ... plus à cette plante pendant que des organisations non gouvernementales nationales et internationales s'occupent minutieusement de sa diffusion et sa vulgarisation en milieu rural. (Oumarou Palou et al., (2012). En effet, il a été prouvé par Foidl et al., (2001) que pratiquement toutes les parties de Moringa ...

  16. Ketenefffecten Japan ook bij overstromingsrampen in Nederland te verwachten

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jonkman, S.N.; Rijcken, T.; Lansen, J.

    2011-01-01

    De gevolgen van de tsunami in Japan hebben zich uitgestrekt tot ver buiten het getroffen gebied en troffen kerncentrales en de nationale energievoorziening en economie. Ook bij een watersnood en andere grote rampen in Nederland zijn zulke keteneffecten te verwachten, bij voorbeeld in de Rotterdamse

  17. Keteneffecten Japan ook bij overstromingsrampen in Nederland te verwachten

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jonkman, S.N.; Rijcken, T.; Lansen, J.

    2011-01-01

    De gevolgen van de tsunami in Japan hebben zich uitgestrekt tot ver buiten het getroffen gebied en troffen kerncentrales en de nationale energievoorziening en economie. Ook bij een watersnood en andere grote rampen in Nederland zijn zulke keteneffecten te verwachten, bij voorbeeld in de Rotterdamse

  18. Institutionnalisation de l'approche Ecosystème et santé humaine en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ivoire et dans l'École nationale polytechnique de l'Université de Yaoundé au Cameroun. La coordination sera assurée par la Faculté des Sciences de la santé de l'Université d'Abomey Calavi. Le projet aura un volet formation en salle de classe ...

  19. Les entrepreneurs migrants, des créateurs d'emplois en Afrique du ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    élaboration des politiques à l'échelle municipale, régionale et nationale. L'étude a montré que les commerces établis par les immigrants fournissent du travail aux membres de leur famille, aux Sud-Africains et aux non-Sud-Africains.

  20. La modélisation mathématique éclaire les politiques de prévention ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    27 avr. 2016 ... Un projet de recherche financé par le CRDI utilise la modélisation mathématique pour influer sur les politiques locales et nationales de réduction de la transmission du VIH en Chine.

  1. etude de la trypanosomose bovine dans les departements de say et ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    . Mouhoun (Burkina Faso) 21 : 404 - 416. Lekeux M. 2006. La trypanosomose bovine afri- caine, Généralité et situation au Bénin,. Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Lyon. Saadou M. 1990. La végétation des milieux drai- nés nigériens à l'est du ...

  2. Met het streepje op de e

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kallenberg, W.C.M.

    2004-01-01

    De Nationale Wetenschapsquiz van 2003 was de tiende editie. De televisieuitzending inclusief leuke proefjes en spetterende experimenten - was op kerstavond en trok ruim een miljoen kijkers. De quizvragen stonden in 25 deelnemende kranten en op de site van de Nederlandse Organisatie voor

  3. Moroccan argan oil first African product to receive special status ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2010-10-07

    Oct 7, 2010 ... Long valued for its nutritive, cosmetic, and medicinal properties, argan oil from Morocco has received Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) from Morocco's Commission nationale des signes distinctifs d'origine et de qualité (CNSDOQ). The official document was presented by the King of Morocco, ...

  4. Designing sustainable landscapes: from experience to theory : a process of reflective learning from case-study projects in Kenya

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Duchhart, I.

    2007-01-01

    Het betreft hier een actie-geörienteerd onderzoek naar een duurzame ontwikkeling van dorpen en steden (in Kenia). Naast de landschappelijke ingrepen (i.v.m. erosie en gezondheid), zijn ook nationale instituten en overheden in contact gebracht met lokale organisaties om zo kennisuitwisseling tot

  5. Tordos and twisters

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vollers, K.; De Boo, M.

    2005-01-01

    The Ginger and Fred office building of the Nationale Nederlanden Insurance Company in Prague, Czech Republic (1996) by the American architect Frank O. Gehry. The nickname, referring to the dancing couple Ginger Rogers and Fred Astaire, was inspired by the two elegantly curved intimate volumes in the

  6. At åbne de lukkede undervisnings­rum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Claus Bøttcher; Hjortsø, Carsten Nico Portefée

    2015-01-01

    Innovation og entreprenørskab er på den nationale dagorden, også når det gælder universitetsuddannelserne. Universiteterne skal sikre et højt fagligt niveau hos de studerende, og samtidig skal universiteterne bidrage til at øge innovationskapaciteten i samfundet. Undervisere og studerende skal i ...

  7. Publications | Page 46 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    La modélisation mathématique éclaire les politiques de prévention du VIH en Chine. Un projet de recherche financé par le CRDI utilise la modélisation mathématique pour influer sur les politiques locales et nationales de réduction de la transmission du VIH en Chine.

  8. Kwaliteit van de huisartsenzorg vanuit migrantenperspectief: ontwikkeling van een meetinstrument.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fakiri, F. el; Sixma, H.J.; Weide, M.G.

    2000-01-01

    In het kader van de Tweede Nationale studie voor ziekten en verrichtingen in de huisartsenpraktijk (NS2) zal in 2000 een enquête gehouden onder Turken, Marokkanen, Surinamers en Antillianen. Voor deze enquête is in opdracht van ZorgOnderzoek Nederland (ZON) een meetinstrument ontwikkeld om de

  9. Fremtidens forsyningskæde: Trend og tendenser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Merethe; Møller, Charles

    2003-01-01

    LOGISTIK/SCM. Denne artikel opsummerer en række af de udviklingsretninger, som findes beskrevet i nationale og internationale rapporter. I artiklen diskuteres de globale megatrends, som findes afgørende for udvikling af fremtidens forsyningskæder, ligesom der i artiklen diskuteres, hvilke tendenser...

  10. Wajdi al-Ahdal and the Broken Yemeni Nation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hebbelstrup, Søren

    2015-01-01

    Kapitlet undersøger en roman af den unge Yemenitiske forfatter "Wajdi al-Ahdal" og sammenligner det med et "klassisk" yemenitisk værk fra den post-revolutionære æra. I kapitlet argumenteres der for, at den intellektuelle samfundsklasse i Yemen stadig finder inspiration i nationale og islamiske...

  11. Koncernbegreber i regnskabs- og selskabsretten - et studium i koncernbegrebers tilblivelse og indhold med baggrund i samspillet mellem internationale regnskabsstandarder, EU-retten og national ret

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Anne Birgitte Søgaard

    kodificerede juridiske bestemmelser. Transformeringen fra vejledende tekniske standarder til europæiske og nationale juridiske bestemmelser sker i en symbiose af en privat organisations regnskabstekniske standarder, EU-retten og national ret, og der opstår herved en form for pluralisme på tværs af europæiske...

  12. Comunicación zapatista. Contrapoder y acción política

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agustin, Oscar Garcia

    Inden for rammerne af globaliseringen udarbejder zapatismen sin politiske strategi ved at kombinere flere forskellige niveauer af kravsfremsættelse: Det lokale niveau, hvad angår de oprindelige folks identitet og autonomi, det nationale niveau, med forslag til en demokratisering af Mexico, og det...

  13. p-Adic valuation of the Morgan–Voyce sequence and p-regularity

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. LYES AIT-AMRANE1 2. USTHB/Faculty of Mathematics, LATN Laboratory, DG-RSDT, BP 32, El Alia, 16111, Bab Ezzouar, Algiers, Algeria; Ecole nationale Superieure d Informatique (ESI), BP 68M Oued Smar, 16270, El Harrach, Algiers, Algeria ...

  14. Activité antérieure – Assurer la sécurité alimentaire grâce à la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    15 avr. 2016 ... Meera Mishra, coordonnatrice nationale, Fonds international de développement agricole. Deepika Nayar Chaudhery, directrice régionale adjointe de l'Initiative pour les micronutriments en Asie. K. S. Subramanian, professeur, Department of Nano Science and Technology de la Tamil Nadu Agricultural ...

  15. Analyse des politiques sur la grippe aviaire | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'objectif du projet est de mieux comprendre le processus d'élaboration de politiques nationales concernant deux questions importantes : la vaccination de la volaille et les médicaments antiviraux pour les humains. Les chercheurs se pencheront sur le contenu, le contexte et les processus liés aux politiques relatives aux ...

  16. Faglighed + test = ny elevtype

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drejer, Claus

    2010-01-01

    En kronik om hvordan Folkeskoleloven 2006 påvirker skabelsen af eleven. Folkeskoleloven introducerer styringsteknikker, såsom kvalitetsrapporter, elevplaner, Nationale Test og Fælles Mål. Fælles for styringsteknikkerne er, at de skaber en lige linjer fra kommunens håndtering af skolen, til lærere...

  17. "To be honest I don´t think she has much to say..."

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerg, Helle; Lenz, Claudia

    2007-01-01

    Artiklen er baseret på forskningsprojektet 'Traditions of Historical Consciousness', hvor danske og norske familier i tre generationer er blevet interviewet om deres historiebevidsthed om anden verdenskrig. Artiklen fokuserer på køn som analytisk kategori i konstruktionen af nationale og private ...

  18. Die Einverleibung Holsteins im Jahre 1806 und die dänische Reaktion auf die Auflösung des Alten Reiches

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bregnsbo, Michael

    2008-01-01

    Den danske statsledelses integrationspolitik over for hertugdømmet Holsten, der havde hørt under det Hellige Romerske Rige af Tysk Nation efter at dette rige var blevet opløst i 1806. Der argumenteres for, at integrationsbestræbelserne ikke udelukkende var dansk-nationale, men også udtryk for en ...

  19. Identifying 16th-century paints on silver using a contemporary manuscript

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Davidowitz, T.; Beentjes, T.; van Bennekom, J.; Creange, S.; Eyb-Green, S.; Townsend, J.H.; Clarke, M.; Nadolny, J.; Kroustallis, S.

    2012-01-01

    The BnF Ms. Fr. 640 manuscript, written by an anonymous French goldsmith at the end of the 16th century, can be found in the collection of the Bibliothèque nationale de France in Paris. It describes the process of producing metal life-casts in great detail, from the preparation of the moulds to

  20. Host and disease factors are associated with cognitive function in European HIV-infected adults prior to initiation of antiretroviral therapy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Winston, A; Stöhr, W; Antinori, A

    2016-01-01

    Nationale de Recherche sur le SIDA (ANRS) 143 study. METHODS: Prior to starting ART, seven cognitive tests exploring domains including episodic memory, verbal fluency, executive function and psychomotor speed were administered with scores standardized to z-score using the study population sample mean...