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Sample records for clinical scaphoid fracture

  1. Scaphoid fractures in children

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    Gajdobranski Đorđe

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Scaphoid fractures are rare in childhood. Diagnosis is very difficult to establish because carpal bones are not fully ossified. In suspected cases comparative or delayed radiography is used, as well as computerized tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound and bone scintigraphy. Majority of scaphoid fractures are treated conservatively with good results. In case of delayed fracture healing various types of treatment are available. Objective. To determine the mechanism of injury, clinical healing process, types and outcome of treatment of scaphoid fractures in children. Methods. We retrospectively analyzed patients with traumatic closed fracture of the scaphoid bone over a ten-year period (2002-2011. The outcome of the treatment of “acute” scaphoid fracture was evaluated using the Mayo Wrist Score. Results. There were in total 34 patients, of mean age 13.8 years, with traumatic closed fracture of the scaphoid bone, whose bone growth was not finished yet. Most common injury mechanism was fall on outstretched arm - 76% of patients. During the examined period 31 children with “acute” fracture underwent conservative treatment, with average immobilization period of 51 days. Six patients were lost to follow-up. In the remaining 25 patients, after completed rehabilitation, functional results determined by the Mayo Wrist Score were excellent. Conclusion. Conservative therapy of “acute” scaphoid fractures is an acceptable treatment option for pediatric patients with excellent functional results.

  2. Introducing a Clinical Practice Guideline Using Early CT in the Diagnosis of Scaphoid and Other Fractures

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    Pincus, Steven

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective: We developed and implemented clinical practice guideline (CPG using computerized tomography (CT as the initial imaging method in the emergency department management of scaphoid fractures. We hypothesized that this CPG would decrease unnecessary immobilization and lead to earlier return to work.Methods: This observational study evaluated implementation of our CPG, which incorporated early wrist CT in patients with “clinical scaphoid fracture”: a mechanism of injury consistent with scaphoid fracture, anatomical snuff box tenderness, and normal initial plain x-rays. Outcome measures were the final diagnosis as determined by orthopaedic review of the clinical and imaging data. Patient outcomes included time to return to work and patient satisfaction as determined by telephone interview at ten days.Results: Eighty patients completed the study protocol in a regional emergency department.In this patient population CT detected 28 fractures in 25 patients, including six scaphoid fractures, five triquetral fractures, four radius fractures, and 13 other related fractures. Fifty-three patients had normal CT. Eight of these patients had significant ongoing pain at follow up and had an MRI, with only two bone bruises identified. The patients with normal CTs avoided prolonged immobilization (mean time in plaster 2.7 days and had no or minimal time off work (mean 1.6 days. Patient satisfaction was an average 4.2/5.Conclusion: This CPG resulted in rapid and accurate management of patients with suspected occult scaphoid injury, minimized unnecessary immobilization and was acceptable to patients.[WestJEM. 2009;10(4:227-232.

  3. MR imaging of scaphoid fractures

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    Meincke, Louise; Radev, Dimitar; Eriksen, Rie Østbjerg

    2017-01-01

    Objective: Traumatic injuries of os scaphoideum are serious, and might lead to two main grades of consequences (i.e. osteoarthrosis or avascular necrosis), if a fracture remains undiagnosed. Bone bruise may be the only pathological sign of pain which can last for week or month. Articles describe......). Materials and methods: Two hundred and fifty-one patients with relevant trauma and positive clinical test for scaphoid bone fractures, exceeding no more than 14 days, underwent MRI examinations. A fast STIR and T2 FAT SAT fast spin echo sequence (FSE) were obtained using a comparable parameter setting (scan...... of scaphoid fractures Results: There were no significant difference between the bone bruise areas (P=0.45, P=0.44 and P=0.83) or CNR (P=0.31, P=0.38 and P=0.17). However, image contrast showed significant difference in favour of T2 FAT SAT in all three readers’ reports (P

  4. Cone-beam CT in diagnosis of scaphoid fractures

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    Edlund, Rolf; Lapidus, Gunilla; Baecklund, Jenny [Capio St Goeran' s Hospital, Department of Radiology, Stockholm (Sweden); Skorpil, Mikael [Karolinska University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Stockholm (Sweden); Karolinska Institutet, Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Stockholm (Sweden)

    2016-02-15

    This prospective study investigated the sensitivity of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), a low dose technique recently made available for extremity examinations, in detecting scaphoid fractures. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used as gold standard for scaphoid fractures. A total of 95 patients with a clinically suspected scaphoid fracture were examined with radiography and CBCT in the acute setting. A negative CBCT exam was followed by an MRI within 2 weeks. When a scaphoid fracture was detected on MRI a new CBCT was performed. Radiography depicted seven scaphoid fractures, all of which were also seen with CBCT. CBCT detected another four scaphoid fractures. With MRI another five scaphoid fractures were identified that were not seen with radiography or with CBCT. These were also not visible on the reexamination CBCT. Sensitivity for radiography was 44, 95 % confidence interval 21-69 %, and for CBCT 69 %, 95 % confidence interval 41-88 % (p = 0.12). Several non-scaphoid fractures in the carpal region were identified, radiography and CBCT depicted 7 and 34, respectively (p < 0.0001). CBCT is a superior alternative to radiography, entailing more accurate diagnoses of carpal region fractures, and thereby requiring fewer follow-up MRI examinations. However, CBCT cannot be used to exclude scaphoid fractures, since MRI identified additional occult scaphoid fractures. (orig.)

  5. Scaphoid fractures in the athlete.

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    Winston, Mark J; Weiland, Andrew J

    2017-03-01

    Scaphoid fractures are a common wrist injury, especially in athletes. Clinicians should have a high index of suspicion for a scaphoid fracture in any patient complaining of radial-sided wrist pain after a fall on an outstretched hand. Advanced imaging, including CT and MRI scans, may be useful in diagnosis and classification of fracture patterns. Treatment varies based on the fracture location, stability of the fracture, and predictability of the fracture to heal. Treatment involves either non-operative management with a thumb spica cast or brace, or operative fixation with a headless compression screw, k-wires, or scaphoid-specific plates. Return to play is dependent on many variables, including sport, fracture union, and ability to play with cast.

  6. Scaphoid fractures: what's hot, what's not.

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    Geissler, William B; Adams, Julie E; Bindra, Randy R; Lanzinger, William D; Slutsky, David J

    2012-01-01

    The scaphoid is the most commonly fractured carpal bone of the wrist. It is an unusual carpal bone in that it bridges both the proximal and the distal rows; this subjects it to continuous shearing and bending forces. Approximately 80% of the scaphoid is covered by cartilage, which limits its ligamentous attachment and vascular supply. Most scaphoid fractures occur at the waist. Acute stable fractures or incomplete fractures of the scaphoid may be treated nonsurgically; a high rate of union can be expected. However, there is considerable debate about the type of immobilization needed. Although closed treatment of stable wrist fractures of the scaphoid achieve a high rate of healing, prolonged cast immobilization may lead to complications, including muscle atrophy, possible joint contracture, and disuse osteopenia. Because of this, internal fixation of minimally displaced fractures of the scaphoid has recently become popular. There is consensus in the literature that nonunion of the scaphoid and proximal pole fractures should be treated surgically. In the past several decades, percutaneous arthroscopic techniques of scaphoid stabilization, which minimize surgical morbidity, have become popular. There also has been a significant improvement in the management of difficult scaphoid nonunions, with or without deformity. Improved techniques include open and dorsal approaches and vascularized bone grafting of resistant scaphoid nonunions. Declining in popularity is the prolonged immobilization of unstable fractures when surgical stabilization may have been a better treatment option.

  7. [Scaphoid fracture in motocross riders].

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    Knobloch, K; Krämer, R; Redeker, J; Spies, M; Vogt, P M

    2009-12-01

    Motocross racing is a demanding motorcycling discipline with significant physiological and psychological demands. Upper extremity injuries are frequently encountered. Interestingly, motocross riders present with a significantly stronger left arm, even if the left hand is not dominant. This difference is attributed to the use of the clutch lever with the left hand, which is more frequent in motocross than in Enduro or desert rally. The wrist has been reported to be involved especially among motocross racers in contrast to road racing. Besides wrist fractures, scaphoid fractures have been previously without a detailed analysis of the injury mechanism. We report on three patients suffering scaphoid fractures caused by extreme hyperextension of the wrist during landing after a motocross jump. Two patients presented late three months following the initial trauma (both Herbert type C fractures), while one motocross athlete with a B 2-type scaphoid fracture was admitted to wrist surgery within a week. The B 2-type fracture was treated with open reduction and Herbert-screw fixation, while the C-type fractures were treated by Herbert-screw fixation in addition to a cortico-cancellous bone graft. Within ten weeks after the surgery the patients were back in sport at their given preoperative level. Hyperextension rather than wrist flexion appears as the predominant mechanism of wrist injuries in motocross riders. A more axial impact on the wrist is more likely to produce a radial fracture during the landing phase. Preventive strategies are internal muscular wrist stabilisation using eccentric training and external stabilisation by rigid gloves allowing only limited hyperextension.

  8. Scaphoid fracture in the elite athlete.

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    Belsky, Mark R; Leibman, Matthew I; Ruchelsman, David E

    2012-08-01

    Scaphoid fracture remains a common, potentially devastating, injury that can impair upper extremity function. Early recognition with proper imaging and treatment provides the best opportunity to heal and return to a normal activity level. Surgical treatment offers the patient a quicker return to the rehabilitation of the extremity and therefore an earlier return to elite play. There is evidence that healing occurs faster if the fractured scaphoid is fixed with internal fixation. Absolute compliance by the athlete and the training program that surrounds the athlete is critical to protect the wrist while maintaining the necessary conditioning of an elite athlete.

  9. Two-Dimensional Image Fusion of Planar Bone Scintigraphy and Radiographs in Patients with Clinical Scaphoid Fracture: An Imaging Study

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    Henriksen, O.M.; Lonsdale, M.N.; Jensen, T.D.

    2008-01-01

    experienced nuclear medicine physicians. In addition to the diagnosis, the degree of diagnostic confidence was scored in each case. Results: The addition of fusion images changed the interpretation of each of the three observers in seven, four, and two cases, respectively, reducing the number of positive....... Bone scintigraphy is highly sensitive for the detection of fractures, but exact localization of scintigraphic lesions may be difficult and can negatively affect diagnostic accuracy. Purpose: To investigate the influence of image fusion of planar bone scintigraphy and radiographs on image interpretation...... in patients with suspected scaphoid fracture. Material and Methods: In 24 consecutive patients with suspected scaphoid fracture, a standard planar bone scintigraphy of both hands was supplemented with fusion imaging of the injured wrist. Standard and fusion images were evaluated independently by three...

  10. Two-dimensional fusion imaging of planar bone scintigraphy and radiographs in patients with clinical scaphoid fracture: an imaging study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Otto Mølby; Lonsdale, Markus Georg; Jensen, T D

    2009-01-01

    experienced nuclear medicine physicians. In addition to the diagnosis, the degree of diagnostic confidence was scored in each case. RESULTS: The addition of fusion images changed the interpretation of each of the three observers in seven, four, and two cases, respectively, reducing the number of positive....... Bone scintigraphy is highly sensitive for the detection of fractures, but exact localization of scintigraphic lesions may be difficult and can negatively affect diagnostic accuracy. PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of image fusion of planar bone scintigraphy and radiographs on image interpretation...... in patients with suspected scaphoid fracture. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 24 consecutive patients with suspected scaphoid fracture, a standard planar bone scintigraphy of both hands was supplemented with fusion imaging of the injured wrist. Standard and fusion images were evaluated independently by three...

  11. Two-Dimensional Image Fusion of Planar Bone Scintigraphy and Radiographs in Patients with Clinical Scaphoid Fracture: An Imaging Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, O.M.; Lonsdale, M.N.; Jensen, T.D.

    2008-01-01

    experienced nuclear medicine physicians. In addition to the diagnosis, the degree of diagnostic confidence was scored in each case. Results: The addition of fusion images changed the interpretation of each of the three observers in seven, four, and two cases, respectively, reducing the number of positive....... Bone scintigraphy is highly sensitive for the detection of fractures, but exact localization of scintigraphic lesions may be difficult and can negatively affect diagnostic accuracy. Purpose: To investigate the influence of image fusion of planar bone scintigraphy and radiographs on image interpretation...... in patients with suspected scaphoid fracture. Material and Methods: In 24 consecutive patients with suspected scaphoid fracture, a standard planar bone scintigraphy of both hands was supplemented with fusion imaging of the injured wrist. Standard and fusion images were evaluated independently by three...

  12. Three-Dimensional Analysis of Acute Scaphoid Fracture Displacement: Proximal Extension Deformity of the Scaphoid.

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    Schwarcz, Yonatan; Schwarcz, Yael; Peleg, Eran; Joskowicz, Leo; Wollstein, Ronit; Luria, Shai

    2017-01-18

    Our goal was to analyze the movement of acute scaphoid waist fracture fragments and adjacent bones in a common coordinate system. Our hypothesis was that the distal scaphoid fragment flexes and pronates and the proximal fragment extends. Computed tomography (CT) scans of patients diagnosed with an acute scaphoid waist fracture were evaluated using a 3-dimensional (3D) model. The scans of 57 nondisplaced and 23 displaced fractures were compared with a control group of 27 scans showing no pathological involvement of the wrist. Three anatomical landmarks were labeled on the distal and proximal fragments of the scaphoid, the lunate, and the trapezium. Each set of labels formed a triangle representing the bone or fragment. Four landmarks were labeled on the distal radial articular surface and used to create a common coordinate system. The position of each bone or fragment was calculated in reference to these coordinates. The displaced fracture group showed significant extension, supination, and volar translation of the proximal scaphoid fragment when compared with the other groups. The lunate tended toward a supinated position, which was not statistically significant. The distal scaphoid fragment and the trapezium showed no movement. In acute displaced scaphoid fractures, it is the proximal fragment that displaces and should be reduced. The typical "humpback" deformity is actually a "proximal extension" deformity, the consequence of displacement of the proximal fragment of the scaphoid (with the lunate). Manipulating only the proximal fragment (with the lunate) may be technically easier and more effective than manipulating both fragments.

  13. 3-dimensional analysis of scaphoid fracture angle morphology.

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    Luria, Shai; Schwarcz, Yonatan; Wollstein, Ronit; Emelife, Patrick; Zinger, Gershon; Peleg, Eran

    2015-03-01

    Scaphoid fractures are classified according to their 2-dimensional radiographic appearance, and transverse waist fractures are considered the most common. Our hypothesis was that most scaphoid fractures are not perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the scaphoid (ie, not transverse). Computerized 3-dimensional analyses were performed on 124 computed tomography scans of acute scaphoid fractures. Thirty of the fractures were displaced and virtually reduced. The angle between the scaphoid's first principal axis (longitudinal axis) and the fracture plane was analyzed for location and displacement. The distal radius articular surface was used to depict the volar-dorsal vector of the wrist. There were 86 fractures of the waist, 13 of the distal third, and 25 of the proximal third. The average angle between the scaphoid longitudinal axis and the fracture plane was 53° for all fractures and 56° for waist fractures, both differing significantly from a 90°, transverse fracture. The majority of fracture planes were found to have a volar distal to dorsal proximal (horizontal oblique) inclination relative to the volar-dorsal vector. Most waist fractures were horizontal oblique and not transverse. According to these findings, fixation of all fractures along the longitudinal axis of the scaphoid may not be the optimal mode of fixation for most. A different approach may be needed in accordance with the fracture plane. Diagnostic II. Copyright © 2015 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Treatment of scaphoid waist fractures with the HCS screw

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    Gehrmann, Sebastian V.

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical results of the Headless Compression Screw (HCS, Synthes when used for treatment of acute scaphoid waist fractures. The new screw design generates interfragmentary compression with use of a compression sleeve. Twenty-one patients were treated for acute scaphoid waist fractures type B2 with HCS screws. The average time to the final follow-up examination was 12.8 months. All 21 fractures united after a mean time of 7.2 weeks. The mean DASH score was 7.1. The average motion of the wrist in extension was 61°, flexion was 46°, radial abduction reached 25° and the ulnar abduction was 31°. The maximally achieved grip strength was 86% compared to the uninjured side. Treatment of type B2 scaphoid fractures with the Headless Compression Screw showed good functional and radiographic results. The results are similar to those identified using other screw fixation systems.

  15. Two-Dimensional Image Fusion of Planar Bone Scintigraphy and Radiographs in Patients with Clinical Scaphoid Fracture: An Imaging Study

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    Henriksen, O.M.; Lonsdale, M.N.; Jensen, T.D.; Weikop, K.L.; Holm, O.; Duus, B.; Friberg, L. (Dept. of Clinical Physiology/Nuclear Medicine, Glostrup Hospital, Glostrup (Denmark))

    2009-01-15

    Background: Although magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is now considered the gold standard in second-line imaging of patients with suspected scaphoid fracture and negative radiographs, bone scintigraphy can be used in patients with pacemakers, metallic implants, or other contraindications to MRI. Bone scintigraphy is highly sensitive for the detection of fractures, but exact localization of scintigraphic lesions may be difficult and can negatively affect diagnostic accuracy. Purpose: To investigate the influence of image fusion of planar bone scintigraphy and radiographs on image interpretation in patients with suspected scaphoid fracture. Material and Methods: In 24 consecutive patients with suspected scaphoid fracture, a standard planar bone scintigraphy of both hands was supplemented with fusion imaging of the injured wrist. Standard and fusion images were evaluated independently by three experienced nuclear medicine physicians. In addition to the diagnosis, the degree of diagnostic confidence was scored in each case. Results: The addition of fusion images changed the interpretation of each of the three observers in seven, four, and two cases, respectively, reducing the number of positive interpretations of two of the observers from 11 and nine cases to six and seven cases, respectively. The degree of diagnostic confidence increased significantly in two observers, and interobserver agreement increased in all three pairs of observers from 0.83, 0.57, and 0.73 to 0.89, 0.8, and 0.9, respectively. Conclusion: Image fusion of planar bone scintigrams and radiographs has a significant influence on image interpretation and increases both diagnostic confidence and interobserver agreement

  16. A STUDY OF FUNCTIONAL AND RADIOLOGICAL OUTCOME OF UNDISPLACED SCAPHOID FRACTURES TREATED WITH PERCUTANEOUS HEADLESS SCREW FIXATION

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    Tarigopula

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Scaphoid is the most commonly fractured carpal bone, accounting for approximately 60% of all carpal fractures. This injury is commonly seen in active young adults after a fall on an outstretched hand. Management of scaphoid fractures is controversial. Displaced scaphoid fractures are associated with risk of non-union and osteonecrosis. Surgical fixation is recommended for displaced scaphoid fractures of proximal pole, fractures with delayed treatment or diagnosis and non-union. Open reduction and internal fixation of acute scaphoid fractures has been reported to give good results in several nonrandomised, retrospective studies. The incidence of complications after operative treatment of non-displaced fractures has decreased with the advent of safer, more reliable implants and percutaneous techniques. CONCLUSION Percutaneous headless screw fixation is a well-documented surgical procedure. Undisplaced scaphoid fractures fixed by percutaneous headless screw fixation yield better results than patients treated conservatively. Good range of motion is achieved after fixation. It relieves pain and functional disability experienced by patients. Patients achieve good range of motion. Trabecular continuity is achieved in most of the patients before 8 weeks. Most of the patients had resumed normal daily activities before 3 months. This study suggests that percutaneous headless screw fixation for undisplaced scaphoid fractures provides satisfactory clinical and radiographic outcomes after an intermediate duration follow-up. Even though the procedure is not free of complications, the overall functional and clinical outcome had shown good results.

  17. Occult fractures of the scaphoid: the role of ultrasonography in the emergency department.

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    Platon, Alexandra; Poletti, Pierre-Alexandre; Van Aaken, Jan; Fusetti, Cesare; Della Santa, Dominique; Beaulieu, Jean-Yves; Becker, Christoph D

    2011-07-01

    To evaluate ultrasonography (US) performed by an emergency radiologist in patients with clinical suspicion of scaphoid fracture and normal radiographs. Sixty-two consecutive adult patients admitted to our emergency department with clinical suspicion of scaphoid fracture and normal radiographs underwent US examination of the scaphoid prior to wrist computed tomography (CT), within 3 days following wrist trauma. US examination was performed by a board-certified emergency radiologist, non-specialized in musculoskeletal imaging, using the linear probe (5-13 MHz) of the standard sonographic equipment of the emergency department. The radiologist evaluate for the presence of a cortical interruption of the scaphoid along with a radio-carpal or scapho-trapezium-trapezoid effusion. A CT of the wrist (reference standard) was performed in every patient, immediately after ultrasonography. Fractures were classified into two groups according to their potential for complication: group 1 (high potential, proximal or waist), group 2 (low-potential, distal or tubercle). A scaphoid fracture was demonstrated by CT in 13 (21%) patients: eight (62%) of them belonged to group 1 (three in the proximal pole, five in the waist), five (38%) to group 2 (three in the distal part, two in the tubercle). US was 92% sensitive (12/13) in demonstrating a scaphoid fracture. It was 100% sensitive (8/8) in demonstrating a fracture with a high potential of complication (group 1). Our data show that, in emergency settings, US can be used for the triage to CT in patients with clinical suspicion of scaphoid fracture and normal radiographs.

  18. Optimal fixation of oblique scaphoid fractures: a cadaver model.

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    Luria, Shai; Lenart, Lado; Lenart, Borut; Peleg, Eran; Kastelec, Matej

    2012-07-01

    Acute scaphoid fractures are commonly fixed with headless cannulated screws positioned in the center of the proximal fragment. Central placement of the screw may be difficult and may violate the scaphotrapezial joint. We hypothesize that placement of the screw through the scaphoid tuberosity will achieve perpendicular fixation of an oblique waist fracture and result in more stable fixation than a screw in the center of the proximal fragment. We designed oblique osteotomies for 8 matched pairs of cadaver scaphoids and fixed each specimen with a headless cannulated screw. In 1 specimen, we positioned the screw at the center of the proximal fragment; we placed its matched pair perpendicular to the fracture. The perpendicular screw was directed through the scaphoid tuberosity. We placed the specimen under the increasing load of a pneumatically driven plunger. We compared stiffness, load, distance at failure, and mechanism of failure between the central and perpendicular screw groups. We found no difference between groups. Stiffness was identical in both groups (131 N/mm) and load to failure was similar (central screw, 137 N vs perpendicular screw, 148 N). In this biomechanical model of an unstable scaphoid fracture, we found that similar stability of fixation had been achieved with a screw perpendicular to the fracture plane with entry through the tuberosity, compared with a screw in a central position in the proximal fragment. This study suggests that placing the screw through the tuberosity, perpendicular to a short oblique fracture, will not impair fixation stability. Percutaneous fixation of scaphoid fractures has become popular although it is technically challenging. An easier distal approach through the tuberosity, without violating the scaphotrapezial joint, may not impair the fixation stability of an oblique fracture. Copyright © 2012 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Diagnosis of occult scaphoid fracture with high-spatial-resolution sonography: a prospective blind study.

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    Fusetti, C; Poletti, P A; Pradel, P H; Garavaglia, G; Platon, A; Della Santa, D R; Bianchi, S

    2005-09-01

    Evaluation of diagnostic accuracy of high-spatial-resolution sonography (HSR-S) in occult scaphoid fractures. HSR-S was performed in 24 patients with clinically suspected fracture and normal radiographs. Three levels of clinical suspicion were considered (high, intermediate, and low). Three levels of sonographic suspicion were defined on the basis of cortical interruption, radiocarpal effusion, and scapho-trapezium-trapezoid effusion. Three positive criteria were interpreted as being highly indicative of fracture. Data from sonograms were compared with computed tomography (CT) scans. CT scanning demonstrated a fracture of the scaphoid in five patients. The global sensitivity of HSR-S for detection of occult scaphoid fracture was 100% and the specificity 79%. All patients with demonstrated occult fracture had a high sonography index of suspicion. A high sonography index of suspicion was correlated with 100% sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value. HSR-S is a reliable, available, and cost-effective method in early diagnosis of occult fractures of the scaphoid. The presence of three defined criteria is required to assess the diagnosis.

  20. Computer-Assisted 3-Dimensional Reconstructions of Scaphoid Fractures and Nonunions With and Without the Use of Patient-Specific Guides: Early Clinical Outcomes and Postoperative Assessments of Reconstruction Accuracy.

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    Schweizer, Andreas; Mauler, Flavien; Vlachopoulos, Lazaros; Nagy, Ladislav; Fürnstahl, Philipp

    2016-01-01

    To present results regarding the accuracy of the reduction of surgically reconstructed scaphoid nonunions or fractures using 3-dimensional computer-based planning with and without patient-specific guides. Computer-based surgical planning was performed with computed tomography (CT) data on 22 patients comparing models of the pathological and the opposite uninjured scaphoid in 3 dimensions. For group 1 (9 patients), patient-specific guides were designed and manufactured using additive manufacturing technology. During surgery, the guides were used to define the orientation of the reduced fragments. The scaphoids in group 2 (13 patients) were reduced with the conventional freehand technique. All scaphoids in both groups were fixed with a headless compression screw or K-wires, and all bone defects (except one) were filled with autologous bone grafts or vascularized grafts. Postoperative CT scans were acquired 2 or more months after the operations to monitor consolidation and compare the final result with the preoperative plan. The clinical results and accuracy of the reconstructions were compared. In group 1, 8 of 9 scaphoids healed after 2 to 6 months, and partial nonunion after 9 months was observed in one patient. In group 2, 11 of 13 scaphoids healed between 2 and 34 months whereas 2 scaphoids did not consolidate. Comparison of the preoperative and postoperative 3-dimensional data revealed an average residual displacement of 7° (4° in flexion-extension, 4° in ulnar-radial deviation, and 3° in pronation-supination) in group 1. In group 2, residual displacement after surgery was 26° (22° in flexion-extension, 12° in ulnar-radial deviation, and 7° in pronation-supination). The difference in the accuracy of reconstruction was significant. Although the scaphoid is small, patient-specific guides can be used to perform scaphoid reconstructions. When the guides were used, the reconstructions were significantly more anatomic compared with those resulting from the

  1. Scaphoid Stress Fracture in High-Level Gymnast: A Case Report

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    J. C. Nakamoto

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available We present the case of an 18-year-old high-level gymnast who sustained a stress fracture of the scaphoid associated with a distal radial epiphysiolysis. Clinical evaluation demonstrated decreased range of motion of the affected wrist and insidious pain on the snuffbox and tenderness on the distal radial physis. He was submitted to surgical treatment with scaphoid percutaneous fixation and radial styloid process in situ fixation. Clinical features improved, and he got back to competition 6 months after surgery without symptoms and with complete range of motion.

  2. Optimal fixation of acute scaphoid fractures: finite element analysis.

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    Luria, Shai; Hoch, Sarah; Liebergall, Meir; Mosheiff, Ram; Peleg, Eran

    2010-08-01

    The hypothesis of this study was that more stable fixation of acute scaphoid fractures may be achieved by a screw placed perpendicular to the fracture plane than along the long axis of the scaphoid, as previously suggested. We examined this assumption on different fracture patterns using a finite element analysis model. A computed tomography scan of an intact scaphoid of a young man provided the data set for all fracture models. We used semiautomatic segmentation to create 3-dimensional computer models of the 3 simple fracture configurations: oblique, transverse waist, and proximal fractures, according to the Herbert classification. Each fracture type was analyzed, using finite elements, for its biomechanical response to 2 types of virtual fixation: a screw placed either perpendicular to the fracture plane or centrally along the long axis of the scaphoid. We measured motion at the fracture plane (in millimeters) and strain in the screw threads (in millipascals). Considerably less motion was measured at the fracture plane with the perpendicular screw compared with the long axis screw, especially in the oblique-type fractures: (1) Herbert-type B1 oblique fracture mean motion of 0.05 mm (+/-0.03) for the perpendicular screw versus 0.28 mm (+/-0.05) for the long axis screw; (2) B2 transverse waist fracture mean motion of 0.06 mm (+/-0.03) for the perpendicular screw versus 0.18 mm (+/-0.06) for the long axis screw; and (3) B3 proximal fracture mean motion of 0.07 mm (+/-0.01) for the perpendicular screw versus 0.28 mm (+/-0.011) for the long axis screw. Higher strains were measured on the screw placed perpendicular to the fracture. According to this model, higher fixation stability is achieved when the scaphoid is fixated perpendicular to the fracture. In transverse waist fractures, a centrally placed screw will also be perpendicular to the fracture, which explains the results of previous models. Copyright 2010. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  3. Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields in the treatment of fresh scaphoid fractures. A multicenter, prospective, double blind, placebo controlled, randomized trial

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    Poeze Martijn

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The scaphoid bone is the most commonly fractured of the carpal bones. In the Netherlands 90% of all carpal fractures is a fracture of the scaphoid bone. The scaphoid has an essential role in functionality of the wrist, acting as a pivot. Complications in healing can result in poor functional outcome. The scaphoid fracture is a troublesome fracture and failure of treatment can result in avascular necrosis (up to 40%, non-union (5-21% and early osteo-arthritis (up to 32% which may seriously impair wrist function. Impaired consolidation of scaphoid fractures results in longer immobilization and more days lost at work with significant psychosocial and financial consequences. Initially Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields was used in the treatment of tibial pseudoarthrosis and non-union. More recently there is evidence that physical forces can also be used in the treatment of fresh fractures, showing accelerated healing by 30% and 71% reduction in nonunion within 12 weeks after initiation of therapy. Until now no double blind randomized, placebo controlled trial has been conducted to investigate the effect of this treatment on the healing of fresh fractures of the scaphoid. Methods/Design This is a multi center, prospective, double blind, placebo controlled, randomized trial. Study population consists of all patients with unilateral acute scaphoid fracture. Pregnant women, patients having a life supporting implanted electronic device, patients with additional fractures of wrist, carpal or metacarpal bones and pre-existing impairment in wrist function are excluded. The scaphoid fracture is diagnosed by a combination of physical and radiographic examination (CT-scanning. Proven scaphoid fractures are treated with cast immobilization and a small Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields bone growth stimulating device placed on the cast. Half of the devices will be disabled at random in the factory. Study parameters are clinical consolidation

  4. Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields in the treatment of fresh scaphoid fractures. A multicenter, prospective, double blind, placebo controlled, randomized trial.

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    Hannemann, Pascal; Göttgens, Kevin W A; van Wely, Bob J; Kolkman, Karel A; Werre, Andries J; Poeze, Martijn; Brink, Peter R G

    2011-05-06

    The scaphoid bone is the most commonly fractured of the carpal bones. In the Netherlands 90% of all carpal fractures is a fracture of the scaphoid bone. The scaphoid has an essential role in functionality of the wrist, acting as a pivot. Complications in healing can result in poor functional outcome. The scaphoid fracture is a troublesome fracture and failure of treatment can result in avascular necrosis (up to 40%), non-union (5-21%) and early osteo-arthritis (up to 32%) which may seriously impair wrist function. Impaired consolidation of scaphoid fractures results in longer immobilization and more days lost at work with significant psychosocial and financial consequences.Initially Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields was used in the treatment of tibial pseudoarthrosis and non-union. More recently there is evidence that physical forces can also be used in the treatment of fresh fractures, showing accelerated healing by 30% and 71% reduction in nonunion within 12 weeks after initiation of therapy. Until now no double blind randomized, placebo controlled trial has been conducted to investigate the effect of this treatment on the healing of fresh fractures of the scaphoid. This is a multi center, prospective, double blind, placebo controlled, randomized trial. Study population consists of all patients with unilateral acute scaphoid fracture. Pregnant women, patients having a life supporting implanted electronic device, patients with additional fractures of wrist, carpal or metacarpal bones and pre-existing impairment in wrist function are excluded. The scaphoid fracture is diagnosed by a combination of physical and radiographic examination (CT-scanning).Proven scaphoid fractures are treated with cast immobilization and a small Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields bone growth stimulating device placed on the cast. Half of the devices will be disabled at random in the factory.Study parameters are clinical consolidation, radiological consolidation evaluated by CT-scanning, functional

  5. Fractures of the bilateral distal radius and scaphoid: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ozkan Korhan

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Bilateral fractures of the distal radius and scaphoid are extremely rare injuries. Case presentation A patient with bilateral comminuted, displaced distal fractures of the radius and bilateral fractures of the scaphoid was treated via internal fixation of the scaphoid fractures with Herbert screws and internal fixation of the distal radius fractures with locked volar plating. Conclusion Rigid internal fixation of distal radius and scaphoid fractures is mandatory to start early active rehabilitation of the wrist without the need for wrist immobilization with a plaster or external skeletal fixation.

  6. Survey of the initial management and imaging protocols for occult scaphoid fractures in UK hospitals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brookes-Fazakerley, S.D.; Kumar, A.J.S. [Countess of Chester Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Chester (United Kingdom); Oakley, J. [Robert Jones and Agnes Hunt Orthopaedic and District Hospital NHS Trust, Oswestry, Shropshire (United Kingdom)

    2009-11-15

    The aim of this research was to survey how occult fractures of the scaphoid bone are both imaged and managed initially. A total of 832 questionnaires were sent via e-mail to active associate members of the British Orthopaedic Association. Included was a series of questions regarding the timing of initial and subsequent orthopaedic review of this group of patients and the use of serial radiographs and second-line imaging techniques. Nearly half of the UK's acute NHS trusts were represented (45%). The response rate was 16% (130 out of 832). Only 16% of respondents were aware of a local imaging protocol for the investigation of suspected fractures of the scaphoid. Ninety-four percent of respondents performed a second radiograph at first fracture clinic review. Fifty-eight percent used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as a second-line investigation; with computed tomography scan and radionuclide isotope bone scan being performed by 26% and 16% respondents, respectively. The survey revealed a wide variation in the management of occult fractures of the scaphoid. MRI has been shown to be both sensitive and specific in diagnosing occult carpal bone fractures. There is a need to standardise the management of these injuries to ensure early diagnosis and limit unnecessary wrist immobilisation. (orig.)

  7. Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields in the treatment of fresh scaphoid fractures. A multicenter, prospective, double blind, placebo controlled, randomized trial.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hannemann, P.; Gottgens, K.W.; Wely, B.J. van; Kolkman, K.A.; Werre, A.J.; Poeze, M.; Brink, P.R.

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The scaphoid bone is the most commonly fractured of the carpal bones. In the Netherlands 90% of all carpal fractures is a fracture of the scaphoid bone. The scaphoid has an essential role in functionality of the wrist, acting as a pivot. Complications in healing can result in poor

  8. Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields in the treatment of fresh scaphoid fractures. A multicenter, prospective, double blind, placebo controlled, randomized trial.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hannemann, P.; Gottgens, K.W.; Wely, B.J. van; Kolkman, K.A.; Werre, A.J.; Poeze, M.; Brink, P.R.

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The scaphoid bone is the most commonly fractured of the carpal bones. In the Netherlands 90% of all carpal fractures is a fracture of the scaphoid bone. The scaphoid has an essential role in functionality of the wrist, acting as a pivot. Complications in healing can result in poor functi

  9. Comparison of CT and MRI for Diagnosis of Suspected Scaphoid Fractures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mallee, W.; Doornberg, J.N.; Ring, D.; van Dijk, C.N.; Maas, M.; Goslings, J.C.

    2011-01-01

    Background: There is no consensus on the optimum imaging method to use to confirm the diagnosis of true scaphoid fractures among patients with suspected scaphoid fractures. This study tested the null hypothesis that computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have the same diagnost

  10. Comparison of CT and MRI for Diagnosis of Suspected Scaphoid Fractures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mallee, W.; Doornberg, J.N.; Ring, D.; van Dijk, C.N.; Maas, M.; Goslings, J.C.

    2011-01-01

    Background: There is no consensus on the optimum imaging method to use to confirm the diagnosis of true scaphoid fractures among patients with suspected scaphoid fractures. This study tested the null hypothesis that computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have the same

  11. Variability in orthopedic surgeon treatment preferences for nondisplaced scaphoid fractures: A cross-sectional survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paulus, Megan Carroll; Braunstein, Jake; Merenstein, Daniel; Neufeld, Steven; Narvaez, Michael; Friedland, Robert; Bruce, Katherine; Pfaff, Ashley

    2016-12-01

    The absence of a best practice treatment standard contributes to clinical variation in medicine. Often in the absence of evidence, a standard of care is developed and treatment protocols are implemented. The purpose of this study was to examine whether the standard of care for the treatment of nondisplaced scaphoid fractures is uniform among orthopedic surgeons. A survey of orthopedic surgeons actively practicing in the US or abroad was conducted to elicit preferred treatment strategies for nondisplaced scaphoid fractures. The surgeons were recruited at orthopedic conferences, clinical visits, and via email. The survey included demographic questions along with a short clinical vignette. The option for fracture management included surgical versus nonsurgical treatment. For those who chose nonsurgical treatment, type/duration of immobilization was recorded. Cost analysis was performed to estimate direct and indirect costs of various treatment options. A total of 494 orthopedic surgeons completed the survey. The preference for surgical treatment was preferred in 13% of respondents. Hand/upper extremity specialists were significantly more likely to operate compared with generalists (p = 0.0002). Surgeons younger than forty-five were nearly twice as likely to choose surgery (p = 0.01). There was no clear consensus on duration of immobilization as 30% of surgeons chose 6 weeks, 33% selected 8 weeks, and 27% opted for 12 weeks. Total cost of surgery was 49% greater than that of nonoperative treatment. With each additional week of immobilization for nonoperative treatment, the total costs of surgical treatment near that of nonoperative treatment. There exist clear trends in how specific demographic groups choose to treat the nondisplaced scaphoid fracture. Whether these trends are the result of generational gaps or additional subspecialty training remains difficult to determine, but there is need to pursue a more consistent approach that benefits the patients and the

  12. Scaphoid dislocation with hamate fracture and proximal migration of distal carpal row

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Soral Aditya; Varshney Manish Kumar

    2013-01-01

    Scaphoid dislocation is a rare injury.Traditionally it has been classified into isolated dislocation and dislocation associated with axial carpal disruption.We present a unique case of scaphoid dislocation associated with proximal migration of the entire distal carpal row as a single unit and hamate fracture with no axial carpal disruption.This injury complex has not been previously described in the literature.The purpose of this case report is to emphasize that in absence of axial carpal dissociation with scaphoid dislocation,a careful evaluation of injury to other bones should be done and treated accordingly to maximize the chances of favourable outcome with reconstructive surgery.

  13. Efficacy of longitudinal computed tomography for scaphoid fracture. A new posture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adachi, Keisuke; Yasui, Natsuo [Tokushima Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine; Takai, Hiroaki [Kaminaka Town Hospital, Tokushima (Japan)

    2002-08-01

    We developed a new method for taking reproducible and accurate longitudinal computed tomography of the scaphoid ({delta} hand CT). The patient makes an equilateral triangle with bilateral thumbs in radial abduction with the index fingers. The patient lies prone in the CT scanner with both hands on the midline above the head, ensuring that the axis of the thumbs is perpendicular to the body axis. Twelve patients with scaphoid fracture were evaluated utilizing the {delta} hand CT. In eight patients, {delta} hand CT was performed before treatment. We compared findings with those of plain radiograms. Target sign indicating accurate longitudinal scan of the scaphoid were obtained in sixteen of seventeen contralateral (normal) scaphoid on {delta} hand CT without any position adjustment after scouting. Humpback deformity was observed in seven of eight fractured scaphoid on {delta} hand CT performed before treatment. However, in just one case of the eight on plain radiograms, was deformity noted. The bony continuity between proximal and distal fragments was observed in five out of twelve scaphoid on {delta} hand CTs, even though fracture lines were clearly seen on the plain radiograms. Thus, the {delta} hand CT method has been shown to be highly reproducible and at an early stage provides good information regarding minimal displacement, deformity and bone union before such are detectable on plain radiograms. (author)

  14. Scaphoid Waist Internal Fixation for Fractures Trial (SWIFFT) protocol: a pragmatic multi-centre randomised controlled trial of cast treatment versus surgical fixation for the treatment of bi-cortical, minimally displaced fractures of the scaphoid waist in adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, Joseph; Brealey, Stephen; Choudhary, Surabhi; Cook, Liz; Costa, Matthew; Fairhurst, Caroline; Hewitt, Catherine; Hodgson, Stephen; Jefferson, Laura; Jeyapalan, Kanagaratnam; Keding, Ada; Leighton, Paul; Rangan, Amar; Richardson, Gerry; Rothery, Claire; Taub, Nicholas; Thompson, John; Torgerson, David

    2016-06-04

    A scaphoid fracture is the most common type of carpal fracture affecting young active people. The optimal management of this fracture is uncertain. When treated with a cast, 88 to 90 % of these fractures unite; however, for the remaining 10-12 % the non-union almost invariably leads to arthritis. The alternative is surgery to fix the scaphoid with a screw at the outset. We will conduct a randomised controlled trial (RCT) of 438 adult patients with a "clear" and "bicortical" scaphoid waist fracture on plain radiographs to evaluate the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of plaster cast treatment (with fixation of those that fail to unite) versus early surgical fixation. The plaster cast treatment will be immobilisation in a below elbow cast for 6 to 10 weeks followed by mobilisation. If non-union is confirmed on plain radiographs and/or Computerised Tomogram at 6 to 12 weeks, then urgent surgical fixation will be performed. This is being compared with immediate surgical fixation with surgeons using their preferred technique and implant. These treatments will be undertaken in trauma units across the United Kingdom. The primary outcome and end-point will be the Patient Rated Wrist Evaluation (a patient self-reported assessment of wrist pain and function) at 52 weeks and also measured at 6, 12, 26 weeks and 5 years. Secondary outcomes include an assessment of radiological union of the fracture; quality of life; recovery of wrist range and strength; and complications. We will also qualitatively investigate patient experiences of their treatment. Scaphoid fractures are an important public health problem as they predominantly affect young active individuals in the more productive working years of their lives. Non-union, if untreated, can lead to arthritis which can disable patients at a very young age. There is a rapidly increasing trend for immediate surgical fixation of these fractures but there is insufficient evidence from existing RCTs to support

  15. Utilising magnetic resonance imaging as the gold-standard in management of suspected scaphoid fractures in the emergency department setting

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Ramasubbu, B

    2017-02-01

    Scaphoid fractures are the most common carpal bone fracture. Up to 40% of scaphoid fractures can be missed at initial presentation and investigation. Follow-up plain film radiograph has overall poor sensitivity and reliability. MRI has been shown to have an almost 100% sensitivity and specificity and so is the gold standard in scaphoid fracture diagnosis. Additionally, early specialist involvement is recommended. We proposed that following a designated pathway, there would be no significant increase in MRI requests. Following implementation of a pathway for the management of suspected scaphoid fractures in St James’s Hospital in 2012 re-auditing demonstrated that management changed to either MRI directly after initial x-ray (16\\/145, 11%), MRI after second x-ray (9\\/28, 32%) or orthopaedic follow-up (19\\/28, 68%). The number of MRIs requested was consistent with our predictors of demand. Thus, our new protocol maximises diagnostics, cost effectiveness and quality of patient care.

  16. A comparison of two headless compression screws for operative treatment of scaphoid fractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johnson Jim

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Purpose The purpose of this study was to compare the interfragmentary compression force across a simulated scaphoid fracture by two commonly used compression screw systems; the Acutrak 2 Standard and the 3.0 mm Synthes headless compression screw. Methods Sixteen (8 pairs; 6 female, 2 male cadaver scaphoids were randomly assigned to receive either the Acutrak 2 or Synthes screw with the contralateral scaphoid designated to receive the opposite. Guide wires were inserted under fluoroscopic control. Following transverse osteotomy, the distal and proximal fragments were placed on either side of a custom load cell, to measure interfragmentary compression. Screws were placed under fluoroscopic control using the manufacturer's recommended surgical technique. Compressive forces were measured during screw insertion. Recording continued for an additional 60s in order to measure any loss of compression after installation was complete. The peak and final interfragmentary compression were recorded and paired t-tests performed. Results The mean peak compression generated by the Acutrak 2 Standard was greater than that produced by the Synthes compression screw (103.9 ± 33.2 N vs. 88.7 ± 38.6 N respectively, p = 0.13. The mean final interfragmentary compression generated by the Acutrak 2 screw (68.6 ± 36.4 N was significantly greater (p = 0.04 than the Synthes screw (37.2 ± 26.8 N. Specimens typically reached a steady state of compression by 120-150s after final tightening. Conclusion Peak interfragmentary compression observed during screw installation was similar for both screw systems. However, the mean interfragmentary compression generated by the Acutrak 2 Standard was significantly greater. Our study demonstrates that the Synthes headless compression screw experienced a greater loss of interfragmentary compressive force from the time of installation to the final steady state compression level. The higher post-installation compression of the

  17. Anatomic measurement of wrist scaphoid and its clini-cal significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    KONG Wei-yun; XU Yong-qing; WANG Yu-fei; CHEN Shao-chun; LIU Zong-liang; LI Xing-guo

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To provide anatomical basis for the internal fixation of scaphoid fractures.Methods: The shape and vascular lake of 48 dry scaphoids and 36 wet scaphoids were observed.Results: The data of dry bone group and wet bone group were as follows: the height of scaphoid tubercle were (11.28±0.94) mm and (10.35±1.54) mm; the thickness of scapoid waist were (12.02±1.90) mm and (11.21±1.20) mm; the width of scapoid waist were (10.59±1.11) mm and (11.34±1.47) mm; the minimal thickness of the body of scapoid were (6.51±1.22) mm and (8.54±1.07) mm; the axis length of scapoid were (25.68±2.21) mm and (26.50±2.56) mm; the width of epicondyle of scaphoid of distal portion, waist and proximal portion were (6.50±1.06) mm, (5.14±1.01) nun, (4.42±1.16)mm and(6.64±1.18) mm, (6.01±0.75)mm and(5.71±0.78) mm, respestively. The main blood vessels came from the dorsal and the radial of wrist and passed through the whole scaphoid along the crest of scaphoid.Conclusion: The internal fixation of scaphoid can be designed according to the anatomical data without damag-ing the articular surface and blood supply.

  18. Usefulness of dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI in the evaluation of the viability of acute scaphoid fracture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larribe, Maud [Hopital La Conception, Service d' imagerie medicale, Marseille (France); Hopital Sainte Marguerite, Service d' imagerie medicale, Marseille (France); Gay, Andre [Hopital La Conception, Service de chirurgie de la main, Marseille (France); Freire, Veronique [Centre hospitalier de l' Universite de Montreal, Department of Radiology, Notre-Dame Hospital, Montreal, QC (Canada); Bouvier, Corinne [Hopital La Timone, Service d' anatomopathologie, Marseille (France); Chagnaud, Christophe; Souteyrand, Philippe [Hopital La Conception, Service d' imagerie medicale, Marseille (France)

    2014-12-15

    To evaluate the usefulness of dynamic gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for assessing the viability of the proximal pole of the scaphoid in patients with acute scaphoid fractures. Eighteen consecutive patients with acute scaphoid fracture who underwent dynamic gadolinium-enhanced MRI 7 days or less before surgery were prospectively included between August 2011 and December 2012. All patients underwent MR imaging with unenhanced images, enhanced images, and dynamic enhanced images. A radiologist first classified the MRI results as necrotic or viable based on T1- and T2-weighted images only, followed by a second blinded interpretation, this time including analysis of pre- and post-gadolinium administration images and a third blinded interpretation based on the time-intensity curve of the dynamic enhanced study. The standard of reference was the histologic assessment of a cylindrical specimen of the proximal pole obtained during surgery in all patients. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) were calculated for unenhanced, enhanced, and dynamic gadolinium-enhanced MRI studies. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV were 67, 67, 50, and 80 % for unenhanced images, 83, 100, 100, and 92 for enhanced images, and 83, 92, 83, and 92 for dynamic contrast-enhanced images. Our data are consistent with previously reported data supporting contrast-enhanced MRI for assessment of viability, and showing that dynamic imaging with time-intensity curve analysis does not provide additional predictive value over standard delayed enhanced imaging for acute scaphoid fracture. (orig.)

  19. Three-dimensional comparison of alternative screw positions versus actual fixation of scaphoid fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volk, Ido; Gal, Jonathan; Peleg, Eran; Almog, Gil; Luria, Shai

    2017-06-01

    The recommended technique for the fixation of a scaphoid waist fracture involves a headless compression screw placed in the proximal fragment center. This is usually accomplished by placing a longitudinal axis screw as visualized by fluoroscopy. The screw length has been shown to have a biomechanical advantage. An alternative to these options, which has been debated in the literature, is a screw placed perpendicular to the fracture plane and in its center. The perpendicular screw may have a biomechanical advantage despite the fact that it may be shorter. This study examined the differences in location and length in actual patients between a screw in the center of the proximal fragment with a longitudinal axis screw, and the actual fixating screw. These were then compared to a perpendicular axis screw. Pre- and post-operative CT scans of 10 patients with scaphoid waist fractures were evaluated using a 3D computer model. Comparisons were made between the length, location and angle of actual and virtual screw alternatives; namely, a screw along the central third of the proximal fragment (central screw axis) where the scaphoid longitudinal axis was calculated mathematically (longitudinal screw axis) and a screw placed at 90° to the fracture plane and in its center (perpendicular screw axis). The longitudinal axis screw was found to be significantly longer than the other axes (28.3mm). There was a significant difference between the perpendicular axis screw and the location and angle of the other screw axis, but it was only shorter than the longitudinal screw (23.6mm versus 25.5mm for the actual screw; ns.). A computed longitudinal axis screw is longer than a central or actual screw placed longitudinally by visual inspection by the surgeon. Although it needs to be placed using computer assisted (CAS) techniques, it may have the biomechanical advantages of a longer screw in a similar trajectory. The perpendicular screw was found to be significantly different in position

  20. 桡骨远端骨折合并舟骨骨折的手术治疗%Surgical treatment of the distal radius fracture combined scaphoid fracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁高峰; 智丰; 石宇; 贾晶; 滕云升; 郭永明; 赵玲珑; 段超鹏; 张满盈

    2016-01-01

    目的 探讨桡骨远端骨折合并舟骨骨折的治疗效果.方法 自2011年4月至2014年2月,我们共收治11例桡骨远端骨折合并舟骨骨折患者.桡骨远端骨折采用AO分型,舟骨骨折采用Herbert分型,AO/Herbert分型:B1/A2型1例,B3/B1型3例,C2/A2型4例,C2/B1型2例,C3/B2型1例.桡骨远端骨折采用掌侧切开复位钢板内固定治疗,随后舟骨骨折采用闭合复位无头加压空心螺钉(HCS)内固定治疗,其中1例术中行植骨术.术后1年采用Gartland-Werley系统评分及DASH评分进行功能评定.结果 术后患者切口均Ⅰ期愈合,无感染、骨不连、舟骨缺血坏死等发生.术后11例患者均获得随访,时间为12~18个月,平均15个月.桡骨远端骨折愈合时间为4~ 12个月,平均8个月;舟骨骨折愈合时间为4~ 10个月,平均6个月.术后1年随访腕关节主动背伸平均65°,掌屈55°;DASH评分平均12分;Gartland-Werley系统评分功能评定:优7例,良2例,可2例.结论 桡骨远端骨折合并舟骨骨折早期内固定治疗,手术操作简单,利于早期功能锻炼,疗效满意.%Objective To evaluate the clinical outcomes of treating distal radius fracture combined with scaphoid fracture with plate and Herbert cannulated screw fixation.Methods Eleven cases of combined distal radius and scaphoid fractures were treated between April 2011 and February 2014.AO classification and Herbert classification were used to categorize the distal radius fractures and scaphoid fractures,respectively.There were 1 case of type B1 / A2,3 cases of type B3 / B1,4 cases of type C2 / A2,2 cases of type C2 / B1,and1 case of type C3/B2.Distal radius fractures were managed with open reduction and plate fixation through a volar approach.Scaphoid fractures were treated simultaneously with closed reduction and cannulated Herbert screw fixation.Bone graft was necessary in one case.The patients were evaluated one year after the surgery using the Gartland-Werley scoring system and

  1. Dorsal transscaphoid-transtriquetral perilunate dislocation in pseudarthrosis of the scaphoid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alt, V; Sicre, G

    2004-09-01

    A patient reported that he sustained a minor fall on the outstretched hand in hyperextension, pronation, and in ulnar deviation. Initial radiographs suggested dorsal transscaphoid-transtriquetral perilunate dislocation. Traditionally, however, this injury is the result of a high-energy impact. A CT scan obtained after closed reduction of the dislocation revealed not only a fresh fracture of the triquetrum but also two corticalized fragments of the scaphoid. A former major fall on this hand and a normal scaphoid of the other hand made pseudarthrosis more likely than scaphoid bipartition. Arthrography revealed intact lunotriquetral and scapholunate ligaments, precluding the possibility of preexisting ligamentous instability. Pseudarthrosis of the scaphoid with a loss of scaphoid function as a mechanical tie-rod of the carpus is most likely responsible for this complex injury. This is the first clinical study that shows that single scaphoid discontinuity without preexisting ligamentous carpal instability may lead to complex perilunar dislocation in minor trauma.

  2. The Clinical Application of Styloid Process of Periosteal Flap Pedicled of Retrograde Branch of Radial Artery Transposition for Repairing Old Scaphoid Fracture%逆行桡动脉返支的桡骨茎突骨膜瓣移植转位修复腕舟骨陈旧性骨折

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛常英; 谭慎兴; 曹哲; 曹松丽; 唐胜建; 梁晓琴

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical curative effect of styloid process of radius periosteal flap pedicled of recurrent branch of radial artery retrograde transposition grafting repair old nonunion of scaphoid fracture . Methods From May 2013 to March 2015 ,admitted to the wrist of old scaphoid nonunion 9 patients ,were used to trans-position periosteal flap repair ,while at the fracture section implants BMP complexes induce osteogenesis .During operation cut periosteal flap that ranging from about 1.0cm ×0.5cm~1.2cm ×0.6cm,which was curl implanted to the set bone groove .Limb function spaces immobilization and early rehabilitation after the operation .Assessing the wrist function re-covery according to Krimmer clinical scoring system consist of pain ,the range of motion and grip strength .Results The group follow up 3 to 16 months postoperatively ,CT revealed that the fractures were anatomic reduction and bone healing time of about 3 months to 6 months,an average of about 4 months.There is no infection,nonunion,traumatic arthritis and other complications;and Krimmer clinical scoring system assessment:excellent in 6 cases,good in 2 cases,medium in 1case ,good rate of 89%.Conclusion The use of radial styloid periosteal flap vascularized repair old scaphoid nonunion , improves the healing rate ,has reliable curative effect and obtains satisfactory results .%目的 探讨以逆行桡动脉返支为蒂的桡骨茎突骨膜瓣移植转位修复腕舟骨陈旧性骨折不愈合的临床疗效. 方法 2013年5月~2015年3月,对收治的腕舟骨陈旧性骨折不愈合的9例患者,均采用以逆行桡动脉返支为蒂的桡骨茎突骨膜瓣移植转位修复骨折不愈合,同时于骨折端植入BMP复合物诱导成骨. 术中切取预定骨膜瓣大小,将其卷曲植入设定骨槽内,骨膜瓣面积范围约1.0cm ×0.5cm~1.2cm ×0.6cm. 术后患肢功能位外固定制动,早期康复训练;按Krimmer临床评分系统对腕部的疼痛情况、关节活动

  3. Imaging of scaphoid fractures according to the new S3 guidelines; Bildgebende Diagnostik der Skaphoidfrakturen nach den aktuellen S3-Leitlinien

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmitt, R. [Cardiovascular Center, Bad Neustadt an der Saale (Germany). Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology; Rosenthal, H. [KRH Hospital Siloah-Oststadt-Heidehaus, Hannover (Germany). Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology

    2016-05-15

    Up to 30 % of acute scaphoid fractures are missed in conventional radiography. CT and MRI should be early performed in the diagnostic workflow, when radiograms (dorsopalmar, lateral and Stecher's views) are negative or inconclusive in fracture detection. Significance of CT is different from that of MRI: Sensitivity of CT imaging (85 to 95 %) is superior to conventional radiography (about 70 %), but inferior to MRI (almost 100 %). However, CT (specificity 95 to 100 %) is able to provide more detailed anatomic information of the fracture pattern when compared to MRI (specificity 80 to 90 %). Particularly, differentiation of bone contusion ('bone bruise') and non-displaced fracture can be difficult in MRI. Thus, CT indication is not only given for fracture detection, but also for assessing the morphology in scaphoid fractures (localization, fragment dislocation, comminuted zones) and the fragment instability, too. MRI should be limited to equivocal trauma cases presenting pain in the snuff box, but with inconclusive CT findings. In CT and MRI of scaphoid fractures, image display must be aligned along the longitudinal extension of the scaphoid, either by acquiring or reformatting oblique-sagittal and oblique-coronal planes.

  4. Early efficacy analysis on Herbert screw internal fixation for carpal scaphoid fracture%Herbert螺钉治疗腕舟状骨骨折的早期临床疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施纯南; 庄志伟; 王志杰; 吴金凤; 张金山; 李懿

    2014-01-01

    目的:分析 Herbert螺钉治疗腕舟状骨骨折的早期临床疗效.方法:2010年1月~2013年6月我院通过手术方法使用 Herbert螺钉内固定治疗23例腕舟状骨骨折,通过随访评价骨折愈合情况和腕关节功能.结果:随访6~18个月(平均12.6个月),所有骨折均达到骨性愈合,腕关节功能通过 Mayo法评分:其中优15例,良7例,差1例,优良率达86.9%.结论:腕舟状骨骨折采用方法通过 Herbert进行内固定治疗,骨折愈合率高,腕关节功能恢复良好,疗效确切.%Objective:To analyze the early clinical ef ect of carpal scaphoid fracture treated by Herbert screw fixation.Methods:From 2010.01-2013.06,23 carpal scaphoid fracture patients were operated by Herbert screw internal fixation in our Hospital.To observe the union of fracture and the function of wrist was evaluated according to Mayo score system.Conclusion:Carpal scaphoid fracture treated by Herbert screw fixation can elevate the rate of union of fracture and improved the wrist function,the clinical ef ect is gratification.

  5. Deceptive appearance of normal variant of scaphoid bone in a teenage patient: a diagnostic challenge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amjad N. Bhatti

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Scaphoid fractures are a common injury in late teens and mid twenties with a peak period in skeletally immature children at about 15 years of age, although considered to be rare in first decade of life, its exact incidence in early teen age remains to be a subject of debate. We report an unusual case of anatomical variation of scaphoid bone at the level of waist which could potentially cause diagnostic confusion. A 14-years-old boy presented in the fracture clinic 2 weeks after injury to his Right wrist which was managed in a scaphoid cast. X-ray examinations, both at the time of injury and later on in the fracture clinic revealed features suspicious of a fracture at the level of waist of the scaphoid bone, however the clinical examination did not correlate with imaging, in view of that radiological imaging of the unaffected side was performed for comparison, which revealed it to be an anatomical variant of scaphoid at this age. To our knowledge there are very few cases of such variation reported in literature in this age group of patients. This case highlights the importance of anatomical variants in scaphoid bone in this age group, which might pose a diagnostic challenge and the need for appropriate management plan and reassurance to avoid unnecessary anxiety.

  6. INJERTO ÓSEO VASCULARIZADO PARA EL ESCAFOIDES. CUANDO UTILIZARLO Y DETALLES ANATÓMICOS. SERIE DE CASOS Vascularized bone graft in scaphoid fractures. Anatomical details and clincial indications. A cases series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vergara Amador Enrique Manuel

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Antecedentes . La fractura de escafoides sigue siendo un reto para el ortopedista y para los cirujanos de mano. Objetivo . Mostrar los detalles anatómicos del colgajo óseo del segundo metacarpiano en cadáveres inyectados con látex coloreado de verde y los resultados de la técnica empleada en una serie de pacientes con seudoartrosis de escafoides. Material y métodos . Describimos detalles anatómicos. Todos nuestros pacientes consolidaron, mejoraron en la escala de dolor, no tuvieron deterioro de la movilidad y no presentaron inestabilidad de carpo residual. Resultado . El injerto vascularizado es una opción útil en el manejo de la pseudoatrosis del escafoides. Conclusión . Estudio descriptivo de una serie de casos de pacientes con seudoartrosis de escafoides, tratados con injerto óseo vascularizado por la primera arteria metacarpiana dorsal. Un estudio anatómico inicial antes de emplear la técnica en nuestros pacientes.Background . The fracture of scaphoid continues being a challenge for orthopedist and hand surgeons. Objective . To show the anatomical details of the bony strip from the second metacarpal in corpses injected with green latex and the results of the chirurgical technique in a series of patients with scaphoid speudartrosis. Materials and methods . We carry out an initial anatomical analysis before employing the chirurgical technique in clinical setting, and then we did a descriptive study of patients with pseudarthrosis of scaphoid, treated with vascularized bony graft by the first metacarpal artery. Results . All patients consolidated and improved in the pain scale, they did not have mobility deterioration or residual carpus instability, after ten years of observations. Conclusions . The vascularized graft is a useful option in the management of the speudartrosis of the scaphoid.

  7. Transcapho perilunate dislocation with palmar extrusion of the scaphoid proximal pole.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcuzzi, Augusto; Leigheb, Massimiliano

    2016-04-15

    Perilunate fracture-dislocations usually combine ligament ruptures, bone avulsions, and fractures in different patterns. Rarely a displaced fracture of the scaphoid can coexist with a scapho-lunate dissociation and can result in enucleation of the proximal pole. We report about a case of trans-scaphoid perilunate dislocation with palmar extrusion/enucleation of the scaphoid proximal pole, treated with scaphoid fracture open reduction and internal fixation with screw, scapho-lunate ligament repair with an anchor and vascularization of the scaphoid proximal pole with the 2nd intermetacarpal artery. At 52 months follow up we had good clinical and radiographic results. In conclusion, scientific literature including our experience about this rare complex lesion of the wrist is too weak to support an effective strategy of management but we think that the careful analysis of the single problems can be the key to solve the complexity. Goal of the treatment should be complete revascularization and healing of the scaphoid, avoiding non union and avascular necrosis; simultaneously a proper ligament reconstruction is fundamental to re-establish carpal stability. Prevention of carpal collapse for a SNAC o SLAC situation is essential to reach a good level of Quality of Life and satisfaction of the patient.

  8. Scaphoid pseudo-arthrosis: Frequency, pathogenesis and course

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schunk, K.; Teifke, A.; Benning, R.; Dahm, M.; Thelen, R.; Schild, H.

    1989-06-01

    Eighty-three scaphoid pseudo-arthroses were found amongst 1.104 scaphoid examinations. Sixtyseven were present at the first examination and 16 pseudo-arthroses developed amongst 252 scaphoid fractures. Men were affected predominantly, particularly in the 20 to 40-year old group. Fractures in the proximal third of the scaphoid and vertical oblique fractures had a particular tendency to pseudo-arthrosis formation. The operative treatment of choice is a Matti-Russe bone graft. Only one patient in seven with definite scaphoid pseudo-arthrosis showed firm fusion. (orig.).

  9. 桡骨头骨折合并同侧腕舟骨骨折%Ipsilateral fractures of the scaphoid and radial head

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞斌; 丁惠锋; 姜新华; 黄建明; 禹宝庆

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨分析桡骨头骨折合并同侧腕舟骨骨折的发生率、机制及治疗方法选择。方法回顾性分析2011年1月至2015年1月复旦大学附属浦东医院收治的桡骨头骨折患者47例,从中筛选出合并同侧腕舟骨骨折患者,统计发病率,分析其发生机制,并采用 Morrey 肘关节功能评分和 Cooney 腕关节评分标准对使用不同治疗方法的患者进行疗效评价。结果共有3例患者合并有同侧腕舟骨骨折(发生率6.4%)。其中男2例、女1例,年龄28~47岁,平均36岁。其中有1例患者为延迟诊断。根据桡骨头骨折 Manson 分型:Ⅰ型2例、Ⅱ型1例。腕舟骨骨折 Herbert 分型:A2型1例、B1型1例、B2型1例。3例患者受伤时均为患肢伸直外展位手掌部着地。所有患者经治疗后,腕、肘关节功能均有显著改善。结论桡骨头骨折合并同侧腕舟骨骨折发生率极低,往往容易漏诊,在腕舟骨骨折或桡骨头骨折的患者中需有效排除可能的合并骨折。非移位骨折可用石膏固定保守治疗,移位的骨折需手术切口复位内固定。%Background Ipsilateral fractures of the scaphoid and radial head are uncommon injuries of the incidence about 0.7%-6.5%.Although the scaphoid fracture is the most common fracture of carpal bones,the simultaneous fractures of one forearm are reported less than 10% of cases.The combined fractures include distal radius,radial head and other carpal bones,among which distal radius account for most cases.Clinicians tend to make a missed diagnosis and only give treatment to other fractures by the symptoms of other fractures.If failed to timely find carpal bone fracture in the radial head fractures patients,the adoption of fixed position and early postoperative function exercise are bound to affect the scaphoid fracture healing,and even cause nonunion.Through a retrospective study on the 47 cases of radial head fracture treated in our hospital from

  10. Intraosseous rotation of the scaphoid: assessment by using a 3D CT model - an anatomic study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmidle, Gernot; Gabl, Markus [Medical University Innsbruck, Department of Trauma Surgery, Innsbruck (Austria); Rieger, Michael [Regional Hospital Hall, Department of Radiology, Hall in Tirol (Austria); Klauser, Andrea Sabine; Thauerer, Michael [Medical University Innsbruck, Department of Radiology, Innsbruck (Austria); Hoermann, Romed [Medical University Innsbruck, Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology-Division of Clinical and Functional Anatomy, Innsbruck (Austria)

    2014-06-15

    The purpose of this study was to assess intraosseous rotation as the third dimension of scaphoid anatomy on a 3D CT model using common volume rendering software to impact anatomical reconstruction of scaphoid fractures. CT images of 13 cadaver wrist pairs were acquired. Reference axes for the alignment of distal and proximal scaphoid poles were defined three-dimensionally. Two methods for rotation measurement - the reference axis method (RAM) and the scapho-trapezio-trapezoidal joint method (STTM) - were developed and compared by three independent observers. Rotation measured by the RAM averaged 66.9 ± 7 for the right and 67.2 ± 5.8 for the left wrists. Using the STTM there was a mean rotation of 68.6 ± 6.6 for the right and 68.6 ± 6.8 for the left wrists. The overall results showed a significant variability of the measured values between different specimens (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference between left and right wrists of the same specimen, neither for the RAM (P = 0.268) nor for the STTM (P = 0.774). Repeatability coefficients between the observers were low, indicating good repeatability. The presented methods are practical tools to quantify intraosseous rotation between distal and proximal scaphoid poles using common volume rendering software. For clinical application the opposite side provides the best reference values to assess malrotation in scaphoid fracture cases. (orig.)

  11. Calcaneo-Scaphoid Coalition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seddon, H J

    1933-02-01

    Calcaneo-scaphoid coalition occurs in a number of forms, having one feature in common, namely, a skeletal abnormality of the calcaneo-scaphoid gap. The condition is congenital, but nothing is known of its causation. Ranking at first as merely an anatomical curiosity, it was later recognized to be frequently associated with spasmodic flat-foot. Probably 25% of all cases of spasmodic flat-foot show this skeletal anomaly in some form or other.Clinically, this variety of spasmodic flat-foot is indistinguishable from the better-known condition in which the bones are apparently normal. Diagnosis made radiographically; essential that an oblique lateral view of the foot should be taken.Causal relation of the condition to peroneal spasm.All the usual forms of treatment employed for the relief of spasmodic flat-foot fail when a calcaneo-scaphoid coalition is present. Resection of the offending bar is of no proven value, but may be worth further trial. If symptoms persist, subastragaloid arthrodesis is necessary.

  12. [The arthroscopic distal pole resection of the scaphoid: clinical results in STT osteoarthritis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Normand, J; Desmoineaux, P; Boisrenoult, P; Beaufils, P

    2012-02-01

    We present the results of surgical treatment of eight patients operated in the service of osteoarthritis scapho-trapézo-trapézoidienne (STT) by resection of the distal pole of the scaphoid under arthroscopic. Studies have already shown the good results of this technique in open surgery. This is a retrospective study of eight patients of mean age 70 years. They had an isolated STT osteoarthritis, which is not relieved by medical treatment. They were operated between 2004 and 2007 by the same surgeon and were reviewed at a mean of 13 months by an independent examiner. The evaluation was focused on pain, range of motion and grip strength. A radiological assessment was conducted to examine a possible carpal mal-alignment. Two patients were excluded because they had received a trapeziectomy for rhizarthrosis associated. The pain had decreased in seven cases with complete disappearance in six cases. The force had been increased or stabilized in seven cases and the mobility is the same in six cases. We got six very good results, one good result and one bad result without aggravation. Furthermore, no patient had been taken, nor any complications noted. The good results obtained with this minimally invasive outpatient surgery, encourages us to offer first-line therapy in patients with isolated STT osteoarthritis is not relieved by medical treatment. The resection of the distal pole of the scaphoide under arthoscopy gives less burdensome and less complication that the arthrodesis, while providing very good results. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier SAS.

  13. OSTEOID OSTEOMA IN SCAPHOID: CASE REPORT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Severo, Antônio Lourenço; de Araújo Filho, Raimundo; Puentes, Rulby; Lemos, Marcelo Barreto; Piluski, Paulo Faiad; Lech, Osvandré

    2012-01-01

    Osteoid osteoma is a benign osteoblastic tumor that is unusual in the hand. A location in the carpal bones is infrequent, which leads to errors in diagnosing it because of polymorphism of the clinical symptoms. Reviewing the literature shows that nine cases of osteoid osteoma in the scaphoid have been reported. Here, one case of osteoid osteoma in the scaphoid that was initially treated as De Quervain's stenosing tenosynovitis is reported, with a definitive diagnosis that was delayed for five years.

  14. Application of individualization percutaneous cannulated screws fixation with the help of com-puter-assisted design in carpal scaphoid fracture%计算机辅助设计个体化经皮空心螺钉内固定治疗腕舟骨骨折的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾俊; 林旭; 郭勇; 钟泽莅; 曹林虎; 谭伦

    2014-01-01

    目的:利用Mimics软件设计一种腕舟骨骨折个体化掌侧经皮空心螺钉置钉技术。方法将24例成人腕舟骨骨折腕关节CT扫描数据导入Mimics软件,在Mimics软件中进行腕关节三维重建,模拟舟骨手术,制定舟骨个体化置钉参数并模拟置钉,据此参数在腕舟骨上经皮置钉。术后行腕关节CT扫描,验证置钉准确性。结果 Mimics重建图像和CT扫描的腕舟骨参数差异无统计学意义,能准确反映舟骨三维立体结构。用该方法对24例成人腕舟骨骨折行经皮空心螺钉固定,术后CT显示螺钉位置良好,随访腕关节功能良好。结论用Mimics软件对腕关节进行三维重建,模拟手术,测量、制订详细合理的个体化置钉参数,可优化手术方案与方式,减少并发症,降低手术风险,提高临床治疗效果。%Objective To provide a individualization volar percutaneous cannulated screws fixation with the help of Mimics-assisted design in carpal scaphoid fracture surgery. Methods Three-dimensional reconstruction of 24 CT scanned adult carpal scaphoid fractures were performed by using Mimics software. The operations were analogued in Mimics software and then individual fixation parameters were designed. Based on which percutaneous cannulated screws fixation of carpal scaphoid fracture were performed under Mimics individual fixation parameters. The accuracy of postoperation was assessed by CT scanning. Results There was no statistical difference in parameters of the CT scan and Mimics reconstruction images, which could reflect carpal scaphoid accurate three dimensional structure. Postoperation CT scanning showed that the cannulated screws were fixed successfully in 24 adult carpal scaphoid frac-tures. The function of wrists were well in follow-up. Conclusions Three-dimensional reconstruction of the carpal scaphoid by using mimics software, sham operated,measurement and design individual screw fixation parameters

  15. [The scaphoid-trapezium-trapezoid arthrosis. A clinical study 1982-1985].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilhelm, K; Rolle, A; Hild, A

    1989-02-01

    The present study deals with patients in whom the diagnostic procedures applied in rhizoid arthrosis were considered to reveal scaphoid-trapezium-trapezoid (STT) arthrosis. Between 1982 and 1985, 21 of 396 rhizoid arthrosis patients developed symptoms of STT arthosis. Examination of the case histories showed that in 20 STT patients the pathogenesis included trauma. In addition, the majority of these 396 patients (71.5%) had to be retreated because of new traumata and the resultant problems. The time lapse between the first trauma considered sufficiently severe to have caused STT arthrosis and its diagnosis was up to 7.1 years. Our improved facilities for diagnosis of pathologic conditions of the wrist enabled us to distinguish four types of STT arthrosis. Persistent complex instability of the capsular ligament appears to be the major cause of post-traumatic STT arthrosis. Extended diagnostic techniques based on standardized radiograms allow the development of a design for treatment aimed at preventing posttraumatic STT of the hand as far as possible.

  16. Scaphoid nonunions treated with vascularised bone grafts: MRI assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dailiana, Z.H.; Zachos, V.; Varitimidis, S.; Papanagiotou, P.; Karantanas, A.; Malizos, K.N. E-mail: kmalizos@otenet.gr

    2004-06-01

    Purpose: To assess the value of MR imaging (MRI) with regard to union, graft viability and proximal pole bone marrow status, after use of vascularized bone grafts for treating scaphoid nonunions. Materials and methods: Vascularized bone grafts from the distal radius were used to treat 47 scaphoid nonunions resulting from fractures or enchondromas. Clinical and imaging evaluation was used for the pre- and postoperative assessment of all patients. Apart of conventional radiographs obtained in all cases, 15 patients were also assessed postoperatively with MRI at 3 months. From these 15 patients, eight were assessed preoperatively with MRI whereas nine had serial MRI evaluations at 6 and 12 months. The clinical follow-up time of this subgroup of 15 patients ranged from 6 to 27 months. Results: All patients showed clinical signs of union within 12 weeks form the procedure and at the latest follow-up they experienced complete (10 cases) or almost complete (five cases) relief from pain. Both plain and contrast-enhanced MRI obtained at 3 months showed viability of the bone graft in all cases. At 3 months union was established with plain radiographs in 12 patients at both sides of the graft and in three patients between the graft and proximal pole. At 3 months plain MRI showed nonunion in four patients (two between graft and proximal pole, two between graft and distal pole and one at both sides of the graft) whereas contrast-enhanced MRI revealed only one case of nonunion between graft and proximal pole. Four patients were considered to have osteonecrosis of the proximal pole intraoperatively. Two of them showed necrosis of the proximal pole with preoperative and postoperative plain radiographs and three of them with plain postoperative MRI. Contrast-enhanced MRI at 3 months showed postoperative reversal of necrotic changes in all four scaphoids. MRI also revealed bone marrow oedema of the carpal bones surrounding the scaphoid in 14 cases. Serial MRI at 6 and 12 months

  17. Transstyloid, transscaphoid, transcapitate fracture: a variant of scaphocapitate fractures.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Burke, Neil G

    2014-01-01

    Transstyloid, transscaphoid, transcapitate fractures are uncommon. We report the case of a 28-year-old man who sustained this fracture following direct trauma. The patient was successfully treated by open reduction internal fixation of the scaphoid and proximal capitate fragment, with a good clinical outcome at 1-year follow-up. This pattern is a new variant of scaphocapitate fracture as involves a fracture of the radial styloid as well.

  18. Absorbable scaphoid screw development: a comparative study on biomechanics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Y

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Yi Wang, Muguo Song, Yongqing Xu, Xiaoqing He, YueLiang Zhu Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Kunming General Hospital, Chengdu Military Command, People’s Liberation Army, Kunming, Yunnan, People’s Republic of China Background: The scaphoid is critical for maintaining the stability and movement of the wrist joints. This study aimed to develop a new internal fixator absorbable scaphoid screw (ASS for fixation of the scaphoid waist after fracture and to test the biomechanical characteristics of ASS.Materials and methods: An ASS was prepared using polylactic acids and designed based on scaphoid measurements and anatomic features. Twenty fractured scaphoid waist specimens were randomly divided into experimental and control groups (n=10/group. Reduction and internal fixation of the scaphoid were achieved with either Kirschner wires (K-wires or ASS. A moving target simulator was used to test palmar flexion and dorsal extension, with the range of testing (waist movement set from 5° of palmar flexion to 25° of dorsal extension. Flexion and extension were repeated 2,000 times for each specimen. Fracture gap displacements were measured with a computerized tomography scanning. Scaphoid tensile and bending strengths were measured by using a hydraulic pressure biomechanical system.Results: Prior to biomechanical fatigue testing, fracture gap displacements were 0.16±0.02 mm and 0.22±0.02 mm in the ASS and K-wire groups, respectively. After fatigue testing, fracture gap displacements in the ASS and the K-wire groups were 0.21±0.03 mm and 1.52±0.07 mm, respectively. The tensile strengths for the ASS and K-wire groups were 0.95±0.02 MPa and 0.63±0.02 MPa, respectively.Conclusion: Fixation using an ASS provided sufficient mechanical support for the scaphoid after fracture. Keywords: absorbable scaphoid screw, biomechanics, internal fixator, Kirschner wires

  19. Extracorporeal shockwaves versus surgery in the treatment of pseudoarthrosis of the carpal scaphoid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Notarnicola, A; Moretti, L; Tafuri, S; Gigliotti, S; Russo, S; Musci, L; Moretti, B

    2010-08-01

    The peculiar anatomical characteristics and precarious vascularization of the carpal scaphoid are responsible for a difficult healing of fractures and a fairly frequent subsequent evolution to pseudoarthrosis. Recently, extracorporeal shockwaves therapy (ESWT) has yielded encouraging results in the treatment of pseudoarthrosis of various bone segments. We report a retrospective study comparing the results of application of three sessions of shockwaves therapy (SW) with energy flux density (EFD) impulses of 0.09 (SD = 0.02) mJ/mm(2) ESWT emitted by an electromagnetic generator in 58 patients (group I) affected by pseudoarthrosis of the carpal scaphoid, with the results of surgical treatment consisting of stabilization and bone graft according to the Matti-Russe technique, performed in 60 subjects (controls, group II). There were no statistically significant differences in the mean duration of the pseudoarthrosis (p = 0.46), sex distribution (p = 0.41) and mean age at recruitment (p = 0.95) between the two patient groups. Posttreatment clinical-functional assessment, based on the Mayo Wrist Score, showed a significantly improved score, rising from 28-74.6 in group I already after 2 mo (p 0.05). On the basis of our data, we can conclude that the results of ESWT are comparable with those of surgical stabilization and bone graft in the treatment of scaphoid pseudoarthrosis. In view of their minimal invasiveness, shockwaves should therefore be considered the treatment of choice of this disorder.

  20. MR imaging of avascular scaphoid nonunion before and after vascularized bone grafting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anderson, Suzanne E.; Tschering-Vogel, Dechen; Martin, Matthias [University Hospital of Bern, Inselspital, Department of Radiology, Bern (Switzerland); Steinbach, Lynne S. [University of California San Francisco, Department of Radiology, San Francisco, California (United States); Nagy, Ladislav [University Hospital of Bern, Inselspital, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Bern (Switzerland)

    2005-06-01

    To investigate the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging appearances of chronic nonunion of the scaphoid with proximal pole avascular necrosis before and after insertion of a vascularized bone graft, using computed tomography (CT) as the imaging gold standard. A retrospective study was performed involving MR imaging (n=26), CT scans (n=37) and radiographs (n=52) of 13 men (mean age 29 years, age range 20-38 years) with avascular scaphoid nonunion. Avascular necrosis of the scaphoid proximal pole was confirmed intraoperatively (n=13). MR images were acquired preoperatively and following placement of a vascularized bone graft. Scaphoid MR signal characteristics were assessed for evidence of vascular bone graft incorporation and revascularization of the bone marrow of the proximal pole of the scaphoid and compared with the gold standard of CT. Surgical and clinical notes were reviewed with a minimum 3 year imaging and clinical follow-up in all patients. Graft incorporation with revascularization of the proximal pole of the scaphoid was documented in 9 patients (69%). Graft failure with persistent pseudoarthrosis and avascular necrosis of the scaphoid was seen in 4 patients (31%). MR imaging is useful to determine whether vascularized bone graft incorporation and revascularization of the proximal pole of the scaphoid has occurred in the setting of avascular scaphoid nonunion. (orig.)

  1. Assessing Donor Site Complications of Iliac Crest Bone Graft in Treatment of Scaphoid Nonunion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davod Jafari

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background Bone grafting is a common surgical technique to augment bone regeneration in orthopedic surgery. Autologous bone graft harvesting is the reliable treatment option and iliac crest is the most common harvesting site for healing bone fractures. However, the results of iliac crest bone graft harvesting are associated with morbidity and a number of complications. Objectives The aim of this study was to assess donor site complications of scaphoid nonunion, to find clinical outcomes and the impact of iliac crest bone graft on age, gender, pain, numbness, itching, nerve injury and scar appearance of patients. Methods In a prospective review of 61 cases of iliac crest bone graft procedures at the Shafa hospital from 2013 to 2014, complications including pain, infection, hematoma, stress fracture, hypertrophic scars, numbness area and itching were assessed clinically. Results Pain identified as the most common complication. The most common complications following postoperative pain at the donor site that reduced after six weeks were: numbness 3.27%, unsatisfactory scar appearance 3.27% and itching discomfort 1.63%. Conclusions Harvesting of iliac crest bone graft can be the ideal way to prepare graft procedures required surgery scaphoid nonunion fractures with minimal complications. Nevertheless, with an adequate preoperative planning and appropriate surgical technique, the prevalence of these complications can be reduced.

  2. The natural progression of scaphoid instability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, H K; Weinzweig, J; Zeppieri, J

    1997-02-01

    Wrist injury or repeated wrist sprains probably result in injury to the scapholunate ligament more commonly than previously recognized, which may allow abnormal scaphoid skid under load. This results in a common clinical entity termed DWS. Scaphoid instability is a spectrum condition ranging from minor, asymptomatic findings (seen in 20% of normal adults) through symptomatic findings in patients with normal radiographs to abnormal instability on radiographs, to degenerative change, and, ultimately, to SLAC wrist (see Fig. 1). Appropriate diagnosis and management of each of these wrist disorders are highly dependent upon a keen understanding of normal periscaphoid anatomy as well as the anatomic derangements that occur within the wrist that predispose a given patient to subsequent degenerative changes. With that understanding, the appropriateness of conservative therapy, SL exploration and arthroplasty, ligament repair, triscaphe arthrodesis, or SLAC reconstruction can be readily determined in each case.

  3. 掌侧入路与背侧入路对腕舟骨骨折愈合率的影响%Effect of volar approach versus dorsal approach on the healing rate of scaphoid bone fractures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    喻永新; 尚如国

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨掌侧入路与背侧入路对腕舟骨骨折愈合率的影响。方法:中文数据库以“腕舟骨骨折”与“掌侧入路”和“背侧入路”的布尔逻辑搭配结果作为检索词,英文数据库以“scaphoid fractures”与“dorsal”、“volar”及“palmar”的布尔逻辑搭配结果作为检索词。用计算机检索中国知网、万方学术期刊数据库、维普中文期刊数据库、中国生物医学文献服务系统、中国生物医学期刊网引文数据库、Pubmed及Sciencedirect数据库建库至2013年11月收录的所有相关文献。利用Revman5.2统计软件进行统计分析。结果:共纳入9篇文献,涉及435例患者,其中随机对照实验2篇,非随机对照实验7篇;中文文献4篇,外文文献5篇。漏斗图显示文献不存在发表偏倚。掌侧入路组与背侧入路组总的骨折愈合率比较,差异无统计学意义[Z=149,P=0.140;OR=0.420,95%CI(0.140,1.310)];掌侧入路组术后6~8个月的骨折愈合率优于背侧入路组[Z=2.840,P=0.004;OR=6.930,95%CI(1.820,26.320)]。掌侧入路组与背侧入路组术后并发症发生率比较,差异无统计学意义[Z=0.590,P=0.560;OR=0.760,95%CI(0.310,1.890)]。掌侧入路组与背侧入路组术后腕部活动功能比较,差异无统计学意义[Z=0.990,P=0.320;OR=1.900,95%CI(-1.840,5.840)]。结论:掌侧入路与背侧入路治疗腕舟骨骨折对骨折愈合率的影响没有差异,但经掌侧入路固定的患者骨折愈合更快。%Objective:To explore the effect of volar approach versus dorsal approach on the healing rate of scaphoid bone fractures. Methods:The Boolean logical combination of Scaphoid fractures,Dorsal,Volar and Palmar were used as index terms.All the literatures of controlled trial included from database establishing to November 2013 were retrieved from

  4. What is the Optimal Treatment of Atrophic Scaphoid Non-Union?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alper Cirakli

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To evaluate the efficacy of the treatment method of autogenous iliac wing or radius bone graft and fixation with screw applied to cases of scaphoid non-union. Material and Method: A retrospective evaluation was made of 89 cases between 2000 and 2014. Postoperative measurements were taken of both wrists%u2019 movement with a goniometer and muscle strength was assessed with a dynamometer. Fractures were evaluated radiologically according to the Herbert-Fisher System and the functional results according to the Herbert-Fisher Classification System and the Mayo Clinic Modified Wrist Scoring System. The data were input to the SPSS system and evaluated with the Shapiro-Wilk test. Results: Non-union were on the right side in 47 and the left side in 42 cases. The fracture was seen to be in the waist in 60 cases (67.5%, in the proximal third in 27 cases (30.3% and in the distal third in two cases (2.2%. The mean follow-up period was 16.4 months (range, 5-72 months. Definitive findings of union were observed in 71 cases. The mean time to union was 14.9 weeks (range, 8-40 weeks. Discussion: The grafting procedure applied is an invasive technique but if it is considered that there are negative effects of open surgery on the feeding of the scaphoid bone, then in the treatment of scaphoid non-union which is atrophic non-union, ultimately autogenous bone grafting and screw fixation is a safe and successful method and because of the pain created by an iliac wing graft, radius distal bone graft can be considered more appropriate.

  5. [Vertical fractures: apropos of 2 clinical cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Félix Mañes Ferrer, J; Micò Muñoz, P; Sánchez Cortés, J L; Paricio Martín, J J; Miñana Laliga, R

    1991-01-01

    The aim of the study is to present a clinical review of the vertical root fractures. Two clinical cases are presented to demonstrates the criteria for obtaining a correct diagnosis of vertical root fractures.

  6. 桡动脉返支骨瓣移植治疗手舟骨AO-B型陈旧性骨折%Application of bone flap pedicled on retrograde branch of radial artery for treatment of old scaphoid bone fractures of type AO-B

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙庆鹏

    2015-01-01

    :Among them,36 patients were followed up from 4 to 15 months with an average of 8.3 months. The wounds were healed well without other complications as infection appearing. X rays or CT con⁃firmed that all fractures were healed completely. The Cooney wrist score was improved from preoperative 53.61±13.97 to post⁃operative 81.81 ± 8.71(P<0.01). Conclusion:The operation of transplantation of the bone flap pedicled on the retrograde branch of radial artery is an effective method to treat old scaphoid bone fractures,which is scientific and has curative effects, and valuable for clinical application.

  7. The role of MR imaging in scaphoid disorders

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karantanas, Apostolos [University of Crete, Department of Radiology, Medical School, Heraklion (Greece); University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Stavrakia, Heraklion (Greece); Dailiana, Zoe; Malizos, Konstantinos [University of Thessaly, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, School of Health Sciences, Larissa (Greece)

    2007-11-15

    The scaphoid bone of the wrist is one of the most commonly fractured bones in the body. Due to its importance in the biomechanics and functionality of the wrist, it is important to depict and characterize the type of injury. Plain radiographs and scintigraphy may fail to disclose the type and severity of the injury. In patients with normal initial plain radiographs, MR imaging can discriminate occult fractures from bone bruises and may also demonstrate ligamentous disruption. MR imaging can also discriminate the proximal pole viability versus avascular necrosis secondary to previous fracture, which is important for treatment planning. Treatment of non-united fractures with vascularized grafts can be evaluated with contrast-enhanced MR imaging. Idiopathic osteonecrosis or Preiser's disease was originally described after trauma. The non-traumatic disorders of the scaphoid include post-traumatic osteoarthritis, inflammatory bone marrow edema in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, and osteomyelitis. MR imaging is helpful in all the above disorders to demonstrate early bone marrow edema, cartilage degeneration and associated subchondral marrow changes. The most commonly found tumors in the scaphoid are usually benign and include enchondroma, osteoblastoma and osteoid osteoma. MR imaging is not mandatory for the initial diagnosis, which should be based on plain X-ray findings. (orig.)

  8. Idiopathic osteonecrosis of the scaphoid (Preiser's disease) - MRI gives new insights into etiology and pathology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmitt, R., E-mail: schmitt.radiologie@herzchirurgie.de [Department of Radiology, Cardiovascular Center Bad Neustadt (Germany); Froehner, S. [Department of Radiology, Cardiovascular Center Bad Neustadt (Germany); Schoonhoven, J. van [Department of Hand Surgery, Cardiovascular Center, Bad Neustadt (Germany); Lanz, U. [Department of Hand Surgery, Hospital Munich-Perlach (Germany); Goelles, A. [Department of Radiology, Cardiovascular Center Bad Neustadt (Germany)

    2011-02-15

    Objective: To describe the imaging signs of idiopathic osteonecrosis of the scaphoid (Preiser's disease) and to differentiate the findings from scaphoid nonunion. Material and methods: 10 patients (4 men, 6 women, mean age 36.9 years) with radial-sided wrist pain were identified to suffer from primary osteonecrosis of the scaphoid. Imaging methods included radiograms in all cases, CT imaging in 9 cases, and contrast-enhanced MRI in 7 cases. In CT and MRI, images were also acquired in the sagittal-oblique plane for depicting the scaphoids in the entire longitudinal extension. Follow-up examinations were performed in 5 patients, two of them underwent surgery with pedicled bone grafts. Results: In all patients, both osteosclerosis and lesions of the bone marrow were most intensive at the proximal scaphoid pole. A three-layered architecture was found. The zone of osteonecrosis was located most proximally, followed by a zone of repair in the middle, and the zone of viable bone marrow in the distal part of the scaphoid. In contrast to scaphoid nonunion, pathological fractures were exclusively located within the zone of osteonecrosis in 8 cases. Applying morphologic criteria, three stages of Preiser's disease were discernible. The initial stage (proximal osteosclerosis, but unaltered shape of the scaphoid), the advanced stage (pathologic fractures, volume loss of the proximal pole), and the final stage (osteonecrosis of the entire scaphoid). Conclusion: Pathoanatomy of Preiser's disease and the differentiation into three zones of bone marrow viability can be explained with the retrograde blood supply of the scaphoid. In its natural course, three different stages can be depicted with the initial stage seen only in MRI.

  9. Zoledronic acid and clinical fractures and mortality after hip fracture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyles, Kenneth W; Colón-Emeric, Cathleen S; Magaziner, Jay S

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Mortality is increased after a hip fracture, and strategies that improve outcomes are needed. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 1065 patients were assigned to receive yearly intravenous zoledronic acid (at a dose of 5 mg), and 1062 patients were...... assigned to receive placebo. The infusions were first administered within 90 days after surgical repair of a hip fracture. All patients (mean age, 74.5 years) received supplemental vitamin D and calcium. The median follow-up was 1.9 years. The primary end point was a new clinical fracture. RESULTS......: The rates of any new clinical fracture were 8.6% in the zoledronic acid group and 13.9% in the placebo group, a 35% risk reduction with zoledronic acid (P=0.001); the respective rates of a new clinical vertebral fracture were 1.7% and 3.8% (P=0.02), and the respective rates of new nonvertebral fractures...

  10. Zoledronic acid and clinical fractures and mortality after hip fracture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyles, Kenneth W; Colón-Emeric, Cathleen S; Magaziner, Jay S

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Mortality is increased after a hip fracture, and strategies that improve outcomes are needed. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 1065 patients were assigned to receive yearly intravenous zoledronic acid (at a dose of 5 mg), and 1062 patients were...... assigned to receive placebo. The infusions were first administered within 90 days after surgical repair of a hip fracture. All patients (mean age, 74.5 years) received supplemental vitamin D and calcium. The median follow-up was 1.9 years. The primary end point was a new clinical fracture. RESULTS...... in the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: An annual infusion of zoledronic acid within 90 days after repair of a low-trauma hip fracture was associated with a reduction in the rate of new clinical fractures and with improved survival. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00046254 [ClinicalTrials.gov].)....

  11. Treatment of old scaphoid fractures by vascularized periosteal graft from distal radius combined with autogous cancellous bone%桡骨远端骨膜转位联合松质骨植骨治疗陈旧性舟状骨骨折

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆大明; 成超; 陆振良; 陆向荣

    2013-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the treatment outcomes of old scaphoid fracture with vascularized periosteal graft from distal radius combined with autogous cancellous bone. Methods From January 2010 to October 2011, 12 cases of old scaphoid fracture were treated with vascularized periosteal graft based on 1,2 intercompartmental supraretinacular artery combined with autogous cancellous bone in our hospital. Their wrist joint function was evaluated with modified Mayo score system before and after operation. Results The therapeutic time were from 12 to 17 months, the good rate of the effect was 90.9%. Wrist joint function was improved after treatment. Conclusion Old scaphoid fracture can be well treated with vascularized periosteal graft from distal radius combined with autogous cancellous bone. A simple arthrolysis during the procedure can produce satisfactory results.%目的:评价桡骨远端骨膜瓣转位联合松质骨植骨治疗陈旧性舟状骨骨折的临床疗效。方法2010年1月-2011年10月对12例陈旧性舟状骨骨折患者行桡骨远端骨膜瓣转位联合松质骨植骨治疗,并采用改良Mayo腕关节功能评分评估患者术前、术后腕关节功能。结果12例均获得随访,随访时间12~17个月,优良率为90.9%。治疗后腕关节功能得到改善。结论桡骨远端骨膜瓣转位联合松质骨植骨治疗陈旧性舟状骨骨折,手术过程相对简单,疗效满意。

  12. Posttraumatic osteonecrosis and nonunion of distal pole of scaphoid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saurabh Kapoor

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Posttraumatic osteonecrosis of distal pole of scaphoid is an extremely rare with only two reported cases so far. We present a case of a 30-year-old male with a 2-year-old posttraumatic osteonecrosis and nonunion of distal pole of scaphoid left wrist. He presented with complaints of pain and restriction of movements. There was no evidence of radiocarpal arthritis. He was managed with open reduction and internal fixation with k-wires, supplemented by a pronator quadratus based muscle pedicle bone graft. The fracture union was achieved at 6 months. After 2 years, he had almost complete range of wrist motion and had returned to his preinjury level of functional activity. His MRI (magnetic resonance imaging scans showed evidence of revascularization suggesting successful incorporation of bone graft.

  13. Surgical Compared with Conservative Treatment for Acute Nondisplaced or Minimally Displaced Scaphoid Fractures A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buijze, G.A.; Doornberg, J.N.; Ham, J.S.; Ring, D.; Bhandari, M.; Poolman, R.W.

    2010-01-01

    Background: There is a current trend in orthopaedic practice to treat nondisplaced or minimally displaced fractures with early open reduction and internal fixation instead of cast immobilization. This trend is not evidence-based. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we pool data from trials

  14. Intramedullary Screw and Kirschner Wire Fixation for Unstable Scaphoid Nonunion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allon, Raviv; Kramer, Aviv; Wollstein, Ronit

    2016-12-01

    Surgical treatment of scaphoid nonunion is not always successful, often requiring stabilization and bone grafting to achieve healing. Even after intramedullary screw fixation, residual instability may still hinder union. The purpose of this study was to describe the addition of Kirschner wires (KWs) through the capitate and the lunate to supplement an intramedullary screw for temporary enhanced stability, possibly improving healing of unstable fractures. A case-control study reviewing 25 cases with addition of KWs and 19 controls was performed. Demographic and fracture information, time to diagnosis, and healing time were documented. We found no differences in population characteristics, fracture characteristics, or outcome measures between patients treated with this method and those treated with a screw alone. We had no complications related to the addition of KWs. Preoperative lunate type and scapholunate gapping was suggestive but not significantly associated with KW insertion. Addition of KWs is safe and may be considered in scaphoid nonunion in the presence of intraoperative suboptimal stability. Intraoperative stability may possibly be inferred by reviewing preoperative radiographs for signs of instability.

  15. 腕舟骨骨折应用带血管筋膜蒂桡骨茎突骨瓣转位植入治疗的临床观察%Clinical observation of transposition and implant treatment of scaphoid ftacture with b1ood vessel with fascia of the styloid process of the radius

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘瑞祥; 梁海; 王义平; 刘岸雄; 廖家成; 陈琪; 欧阳阳钢; 陈先; 谢统明

    2015-01-01

    目的 探讨并观察带血管筋膜蒂桡骨茎突骨瓣转位植入治疗腕舟骨各类型骨折的方法和临床疗效. 方法 对本组33例腕舟骨新鲜移位不稳定骨折、陈旧和骨不愈合骨折均应用了带血管筋膜蒂桡骨茎突骨瓣转位植入术,并配合内固定、石膏外固定治疗. 结果 术后随访10~24个月,经影像学检查,本组33例骨折全部愈合,腕关节功能良好.结论 带血管筋膜蒂桡骨茎突骨瓣转位植入术式,在患部另建立了一组独立的血供系统,是治疗腕舟骨移位不稳定型新鲜骨折、陈旧骨折、骨不连和预防骨不连发生的有效方法.%Objective To investigate the technique and effects of treatment of All kinds of fracture with b1ood vessel with fascia of the styloid process of the radius. Methods Treatment with b1ood vessel with fascia of the styloid process of the radius in 33 patients of carpal scaphoid with Fresh displaced unstable fractures, old fractures and ununited fracture. The treatment was combined with internal fixation for the treatment and Plaster external fixation. Results The patient were followed up after the operation for 10 to 24 months. By imaging examination, we confirm that 11 patients with Fresh displaced unstable fractures and 22 patients with old and ununited fracture were cured and the function of the wrist joint were good. Conclusion The technique of treatment of scaphoid ftacture with b1ood vessel with fascia of the styloid process of the radius is a effective method for patient with scaphoid ftacture of Fresh displaced unstable fractures, old fractures and ununited fracture and it can prevent Nonunion for an independent blood supply system was established in the wrist.

  16. Pseudoartrose do escafoide em esqueleto imaturo Pseudarthrosis of the scaphoid in immature skeletons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Barreto de Lemos

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho abrange uma revisão da literatura sobre a pseudoartrose do escafoide em esqueleto imaturo, considerando-se sua epidemiologia, diagnóstico e tratamento, bem como suas controvérsias. O conhecimento do assunto permite que os pacientes sejam imediatamente tratados da forma mais adequada. A pseudoartrose do escafoide em pacientes esqueleticamente imaturos é uma condição rara sendo decorrente de erro ou falta do diagnóstico da fratura. Assim, um exame clínico e radiográfico cuidadoso deve ser realizado para confirmar ou descartar o diagnóstico. Vários métodos de tratamento são relatados e apresentam bons resultados, como tratamento conservador com gesso, enxerto ósseo sem osteossíntese, enxerto ósseo com fios de Kirschner, parafusos percutâneos e enxertos ósseos associados a parafusos de compressão. O tratamento atual, portanto, depende da característica da pseudoartrose e da experiência do cirurgião.This paper presents a review of the literature on pseudarthrosis of the scaphoid in skeletally immature individuals, taking into consideration its epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment, as well as its controversies. Knowledge of this subject makes it possible for patients to be given appropriate treatment immediately. Pseudarthrosis of the scaphoid in skeletally immature patients is a rare condition that results from error or lack of diagnosis of a fracture. Thus, careful clinical and radiographic examination should be performed in order to confirm or rule out this diagnosis. Several treatment methods have been reported and have shown good results. These include conservative plaster cast treatment, bone graft without osteosynthesis, bone graft with Kirschner wires, percutaneous screws and bone graft with compression screws. The treatment performed depends on the characteristics of the pseudarthrosis and the surgeon's experience.

  17. [Clinical pathway for hip fracture patients].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sáez López, Pilar; Sánchez Hernández, Natalia; Paniagua Tejo, Sonsoles; Valverde García, José Antonio; Montero Díaz, Margarita; Alonso García, Noelia; Freites Esteve, Alfonso

    2015-01-01

    Hip fracture in the elderly often occurs in patients with high co-morbidity. Effective management requires a comprehensive and multidisciplinary approach. To evaluate the effect of a quality improvement intervention in the detection and treatment of complications in elderly patients admitted for hip fracture. A comparative study was conducted between two groups of patients admitted for hip fracture prior to 2010, and after a quality improvement intervention in 2013. The intervention consisted of implementing improved multidisciplinary measures in accordance with recent scientific evidence. The degree of compliance of the implemented measures was quantified. Patients admitted due to hip fracture in 2010 (216 patients) and 2013 (196 patients) were similar in age, sex, Barthel Index, and a reduced Charlson Index, although there were more comorbidities in 2013. After implementation of the protocols, the detection of delirium, malnutrition, anemia, and electrolyte disturbances increased. A larger number of patients in 2013 were precribed intravenous iron (24% more) and osteoporosis treatment (61.3% more). The average stay was reduced by 45.3% and surgical delay by 29.4%, achieving better functional efficiency. The implementation of a clinical pathway in geriatric patients with hip fracture is useful to detect and treat complications at an early stage, and to reduce pre-operative and overall stay, all without a negative clinical or functional impact. Copyright © 2014 SEGG. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  18. MRT of scaphoid pseudo-arthrosis using Gd-DTPA. Staging and clinical correlation; MRT der Skaphoidpseudarthrose mit Gd-DTPA. Stadieneinteilung und klinische Korrelation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vogl, T.J. [Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany). Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik; Beutel, F. [Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany). Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik; Wilhelm, K. [LMU Muenchen (Germany). Abt. fuer Handchirurgie; Tempka, A. [Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany). Klinik fuer Unfall- und Wiederherstellungschirurgie; Schedel, H. [Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany). Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik; Haas, R. [Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany). Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik; Felix, R. [Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany). Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik

    1994-11-01

    During a period of two years, 134 patients with pseudo-arthrosis of the scaphoid were examined by conventional radiography and by MRI in the course of a prospective study. The aim of the study was to define radiological staging using contrast enhanced MRI in order to improve the prognostic criteria. All MRI examinations were carried out with a 1.5 Tesla scanner (SP63) using a surface coil and T{sub 1} weighted spin echo sequences in sagittal and frontal projection and frontal FLASH T{sub 2}-sequences and axial spin echo T{sub 2} sequences. The T{sub 1} weighted SE sequences in frontal projection were carried out before and after iv contrast (0.1 mmol Gd-DTPA/kg KG). All sequences were compared with conventional radiographs and the operative findings. Eight patients in stage 0 showed high signal intensity of both fragments in T{sub 1} weighted SE sequences and at surgery there was good vascularisation. In 22 cases there was reduced signal intensity in at least one fragment (stage I). 45 patients with scaphoid pseudo-arthrosis showed complete signal loss but marked contrast uptake with still vital nuclei at surgery (stage II). In 22 patients, there was no increase in signal intensity after contrast and complete loss of vitality of the fragments at surgery. Staging was not possible in 37 patients because of previous operative intervention. The use of contrast enhanced MRI provides additional information compared with conventional radiography or plain MRI. (orig.) [Deutsch] Im Rahmen einer prospektiven Studie wurden in einem Zeitraum von 2 Jahren 134 Patienten mit einer Skaphoidpseudarthrose (SPA) vergleichend konventionell roentgenologisch und magnetresonanztomographisch untersucht. Ziel der Studie war die Erstellung einer klinisch radiologischen Stadieneinteilung mit Hilfe der kontrastverstaerkten MRT zur Verbesserung von Prognosekriterien. Alle MRT-Untersuchungen wurden an einem 1,5 Tesla-Geraet (SP63) mittels einer Oberflaechenspule unter Verwendung von T{sub 1

  19. A new variant of scaphoid reconstruction: Treatment of scaphoid non-union with avascular bone interponate and high compression screw (Synthes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eder, Christian

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Scaphoid fractures as frequently overseen injuries often result in scaphoid non-unions, that need to be treated to prevent carpal collapse and secondary cartilage damage. Vital bone tissue and compression of fracture and bone graft ends seem to be crucial in for ossification and final bone healing. In the present study we compare our results using a high compression screw (HCS Synthes to results in the literature using different kinds of internal fixation including compression screws of various types. We present 22 patients with scaphoid non-unions treated with a bone graft and a HCS Synthes. We evaluated our post-operative results. The Manchester-Modified Disability of the Shoulder, Arm and Hand–Score (M-Dash imposed with an average of 29.8 points (MD=29 / SD=9.46 / MIN=18 / MAX=48. None of the re-evaluated patients sorrowed for pain in rest. Five patients stated pain (ranging from 4 to 8 on numeric analogue scale after heavy burden (e.g. boxing, weight lifting.In exploring the range of motion of the operated hand we deliver the following results: dorsal extension: average 72.73° (MD=80° / SD=17.23° / MIN=30° / MAX=85°, flexion: average 73.64° (MD=80° / SD=8.97° / MIN=60° / MAX=80°, ulnar deviation: average 39.09°, (MD=40° / SD=2.02° / MIN=35° / MAX=40°, radial deviation: average 29.09°, (MD=30° / SD=3.01° / MIN=20° / MAX=30°. Additionally a performance testing was conducted: fist clenching sign: complete without pain in 100%, pinch grip: complete in 100%, moderate pain in n=1 (8.33%, opposition digitus manus I–V complete in 100%, moderate pain n=2 (16.67%. Three patients with persisting fracture gap had a scaphoid bone fractured in the proximal third; one patient even with a very small proximal fragment. One persisting non-union was localized in the middle third (period between injury and operation = . In conclusion, our patients showed better healing rates compared to results presented in the literature. Non

  20. Chondroblastoma of the scaphoid: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandeep Vijayan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Benign Chondroblastoma generally occur in the epiphysis of long bones and rarely arise in carpal bones. We report a young male with chondroblastoma of scaphoid treated with curettage, bone grafting and K-wire fixation. At the last follow-up, 4 years after surgery, the patient was asymptomatic without recurrence.

  1. Chondroblastoma of the scaphoid: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vijayan, Sandeep; Bhat, Anil K; Hameed, Shamsi Abdul; Kumar, Bhaskarananda

    2015-01-01

    Benign Chondroblastoma generally occur in the epiphysis of long bones and rarely arise in carpal bones. We report a young male with chondroblastoma of scaphoid treated with curettage, bone grafting and K-wire fixation. At the last follow-up, 4 years after surgery, the patient was asymptomatic without recurrence.

  2. Missed isolated volar dislocation of the scaphoid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolby, Lise; Larsen, Søren; Jørring, Stig;

    2007-01-01

    A patient presented with volar dislocation of the scaphoid, the diagnosis of which had been missed for two weeks. He was treated with open reduction through a combined volar and dorsal approach with decompression of the median nerve, internal fixation, and a cast for eight weeks. One year postope...

  3. Ultrasound assessment of posttraumatic pseudoarthrosis of the carpal scaphoid; Valoracion ecografica de la seudoartrosis postraumatica del escafoides carpiano

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sarria, L.; Garcia, S.; Cozcolluela, R.; Martinez-Berganza, T.; Villacampa, V. [Hospital Reina Sofia. Tudela Navarra (Spain)

    2001-07-01

    to evaluate the utility of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of posttraumatic pseudoarthrosis of the carpal scaphoid, describing the ultrasound findings observed in the patients. Eleven patients diagnosed as having pseudoarthrosis of the carpal scaphoid were studied using a 7.5-MHz probe. The features assessed were irregularity of the cortical surface, presence of a gap in its continuity and swelling of periscaphoid soft tissue, the vascularity of which was studied by means of color Doppler. The findings were compared with those observed in the contralateral hand. Cortical irregularity was observed in all the patients and six presented a gap in the cortex of the palmar surface of the scaphoid. Ten had soft tissue swelling with increased vascularity. One patient with an ununited fracture showed no gap or soft tissue swelling: the bone cortex was found to be intact intraoperatively. Ultrasound is useful in the diagnosis of pseudoarthrosis of the carpal scaphoid. Swelling of the periscaphoid soft tissue with increased vascularity in patients whose fracture occured more than 6 to 8 weeks earlier suggests nonunion of the injured bone. (Author) 13 refs.

  4. Experience of the treating application on transposition of pedicled periosteal flap for repairing the scaphoid bone nonunion%带蒂骨膜瓣移位修复手舟骨骨不连改善患者腕部背伸功能26例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于杰; 李素平; 钟桂舞; 闫毅; 范少地; 周凤金

    2003-01-01

    AIM: To explore the clinical result treating the scaphoid bone nonunion with vascularized periosteal flap. METHODS: 26 cases of scaphoid bone nonunion underwent transplantation with the periosteal flap with dorsal carpal branch of anterior interosseous artery. RESULTS: Following up 4 months to 18 months, in the 26 cases of scaphoid bone nonunion, 19 cases appeared excellent (73%), 7 cases appeared good(27% ) . CONCLUSION: The periosteal flap with dorsal carpal branch of anterior interosseous were used in repairing of scaphoid bone nonunion, the effect is food.

  5. Clinical Utility of Chest Computed Tomography in Patients with Rib Fractures CT Chest and Rib Fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapman, Brandon C; Overbey, Douglas M; Tesfalidet, Feven; Schramm, Kristofer; Stovall, Robert T; French, Andrew; Johnson, Jeffrey L; Burlew, Clay C; Barnett, Carlton; Moore, Ernest E; Pieracci, Fredric M

    2016-12-01

    Chest CT is more sensitive than a chest X-ray (CXR) in diagnosing rib fractures; however, the clinical significance of these fractures remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine the added diagnostic use of chest CT performed after CXR in patients with either known or suspected rib fractures secondary to blunt trauma. Retrospective cohort study of blunt trauma patients with rib fractures at a level I trauma center that had both a CXR and a CT chest. The CT finding of ≥ 3 additional fractures in patients with ≤ 3 rib fractures on CXR was considered clinically meaningful. Student's t-test and chi-square analysis were used for comparison. We identified 499 patients with rib fractures: 93 (18.6%) had CXR only, 7 (1.4%) had chest CT only, and 399 (79.9%) had both CXR and chest CT. Among these 399 patients, a total of 1,969 rib fractures were identified: 1,467 (74.5%) were missed by CXR. The median number of additional fractures identified by CT was 3 (range, 4 - 15). Of 212 (53.1%) patients with a clinically meaningful increase in the number of fractures, 68 patients underwent one or more clinical interventions: 36 SICU admissions, 20 pain catheter placements, 23 epidural placements, and 3 SSRF. Additionally, 70 patients had a chest tube placed for retained hemothorax or occult pneumothorax. Overall, 138 patients (34.5%) had a change in clinical management based upon CT chest. The chest X-ray missed ~75% of rib fractures seen on chest CT. Although patients with a clinical meaningful increase in the number of rib fractures were more likely to be admitted to the intensive care unit, there was no associated improvement in pulmonary outcomes.

  6. Scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) and scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse (SNAC) wrist arthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Chirag M; Stern, Peter J

    2013-03-01

    Scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) and scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse (SNAC) are the two most common patterns of posttraumatic wrist arthritis. This review discusses the etiology and clinical evaluation, as well as up-to-date treatment options, for both of these conditions. Classic as well as newer innovative techniques are discussed with clinical outcomes in order to provide an evidence-based review of the world's literature on SLAC/SNAC wrist.

  7. Scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) and scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse (SNAC) wrist arthritis

    OpenAIRE

    Shah, Chirag M.; Stern, Peter J.

    2013-01-01

    Scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) and scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse (SNAC) are the two most common patterns of posttraumatic wrist arthritis. This review discusses the etiology and clinical evaluation, as well as up-to-date treatment options, for both of these conditions. Classic as well as newer innovative techniques are discussed with clinical outcomes in order to provide an evidence-based review of the world’s literature on SLAC/SNAC wrist.

  8. Congenital Scaphoid Megalourethra: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenji Obara

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available A congenital megalourethra is an enlargement of the pendulous urethra without evidence of distal obstruction. A 1-month-old boy presented to us with complaint of weak stream, ballooning of the penis before and during voiding and post voiding dribbling, since birth. Physical examination and cystourethroscope confirmed the diagnosis of congenital scaphoid megalourethra. He underwent reduction urethroplasty. During postoperative follow up, he had normal looking penis with good urinary stream.

  9. Zoledronic Acid in Reducing Clinical Fracture and Mortality after Hip Fracture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyles, Kenneth W; Colón-Emeric, Cathleen S; Magaziner, Jay S

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Mortality is increased after a hip fracture, and strategies that improve outcomes are needed. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 1065 patients were assigned to receive yearly intravenous zoledronic acid (at a dose of 5 mg), and 1062 patients were...... assigned to receive placebo. The infusions were first administered within 90 days after surgical repair of a hip fracture. All patients received supplemental vitamin D and calcium. The median follow-up was 1.9 years. The primary end point was a new clinical fracture. RESULTS: The rates of any new clinical...... infusion of zoledronic acid within 90 days after repair of a low-trauma hip fracture was associated with a reduction in the rate of new clinical fractures and improved survival. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00046254.)....

  10. The Role of Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced MRI in a Child with Sport-Induced Avascular Necrosis of the Scaphoid: A Case Report and Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baris Beytullah Koc

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Avascular necrosis (AVN of the scaphoid in children is very rare and there is currently no consensus when conservative or operative treatment is indicated. A 10-year-old boy, practicing karate, presented with acute pain in his left wrist after falling on the outstretched hand. Imaging showed a scaphoid waist fracture with signs of an ongoing AVN. The diagnosis of AVN was confirmed with signal loss of the scaphoid on MRI T1. A dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI was performed for further assessment of the proximal pole vascularity and treatment planning. As dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI showed fair perfusion of the proximal pole, an adequate healing potential with conservative treatment was estimated. We achieved union and good function with cast immobilization for fourteen weeks. This case study showed dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI to be a valuable tool in assessing whether conservative or operative treatment is indicated to achieve union and good functional outcome.

  11. Evaluation of a prototype correction algorithm to reduce metal artefacts in flat detector computed tomography of scaphoid fixation screws

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Filli, Lukas; Finkenstaedt, Tim; Andreisek, Gustav; Guggenberger, Roman [University Hospital of Zurich, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Zurich (Switzerland); Marcon, Magda [University Hospital of Zurich, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Zurich (Switzerland); University of Udine, Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, Department of Medical and Biological Sciences, Udine (Italy); Scholz, Bernhard [Imaging and Therapy Division, Siemens AG, Healthcare Sector, Forchheim (Germany); Calcagni, Maurizio [University Hospital of Zurich, Division of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery, Zurich (Switzerland)

    2014-12-15

    The aim of this study was to evaluate a prototype correction algorithm to reduce metal artefacts in flat detector computed tomography (FDCT) of scaphoid fixation screws. FDCT has gained interest in imaging small anatomic structures of the appendicular skeleton. Angiographic C-arm systems with flat detectors allow fluoroscopy and FDCT imaging in a one-stop procedure emphasizing their role as an ideal intraoperative imaging tool. However, FDCT imaging can be significantly impaired by artefacts induced by fixation screws. Following ethical board approval, commercially available scaphoid fixation screws were inserted into six cadaveric specimens in order to fix artificially induced scaphoid fractures. FDCT images corrected with the algorithm were compared to uncorrected images both quantitatively and qualitatively by two independent radiologists in terms of artefacts, screw contour, fracture line visibility, bone visibility, and soft tissue definition. Normal distribution of variables was evaluated using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. In case of normal distribution, quantitative variables were compared using paired Student's t tests. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used for quantitative variables without normal distribution and all qualitative variables. A p value of < 0.05 was considered to indicate statistically significant differences. Metal artefacts were significantly reduced by the correction algorithm (p < 0.001), and the fracture line was more clearly defined (p < 0.01). The inter-observer reliability was ''almost perfect'' (intra-class correlation coefficient 0.85, p < 0.001). The prototype correction algorithm in FDCT for metal artefacts induced by scaphoid fixation screws may facilitate intra- and postoperative follow-up imaging. (orig.)

  12. Nontraumatic osteonecrosis of the distal pole of the scaphoid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhavuk Garg

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Post traumatic osteonecrosis of distal pole of scaphoid is very rare. We present a case of 34 years old male, drill operator by occupation with nontraumatic osteonecrosis of distal pole of the scaphoid. The patient was managed conservatively and was kept under regular follow-up every three months. The patient was also asked to change his profession. Two years later, the patient had no pain and had mild restriction of wrist movements (less than 15 degrees in either direction. The radiographs revealed normal density of the scaphoid suggesting revascularization.

  13. CURBSIDE CONSULTATION IN FRACTURE MANAGEMENT: 49 CLINICAL QUESTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter W. Virkus

    2008-12-01

    displaced bimalleolar fracture in insulin dependant middle aged woman; Man-agement of calcaneal fractures; Fixation technic for a displaced talar neck fracture in a patient in ER; Indica-tions for surgical treatment of metatarsal fractures; Bone grafting in acute fractures; Management of a nonunion of plated midshaft tibia fracture; Management of a child with a twisted ankle and normal x-rays; Assessment of com-partment syndrome in foot.The Section III is about “GENERAL FRACTURE CARE” including: Management of multiple orthopedic injuries and damage control orthopedics; Bone stimula-tion in nonunion; Indications for locking plates; Fractures requiring anatomic reduction.AUDIENCE: Mainly trauma fellows and practicing or-thopedists are the targeted audience of the book, but not only the basic knowledge for the orthopedic residents but also the expert advices for complicated and controversial cases pointing experienced surgeons widen the spectrum of audience. Also non-physician personnel may benefit the basic knowledge from brief answers given in a casual format.ASSESMENT: “Curbside Consultation in Fracture Man-agement:49 Clinical Questions” offering practical, brief, evidence based answers to frequently asked questions especially those have been often left controversial related with the treatment of fractures of upper and lower extrem-ity, pelvic fractures is a useful resource mainly for resi-dents, fellows and junior orthopedists. Casual format that mimics a “curbside” dialog of colleagues and also the rich illustrations by images and diagrams makes the advanced knowledge in the text easier to understand and learn. Questions are carefully chosen from a wide spectrum of subjects related to fracture management to form a unique reference including high and low energy trauma fractures, pediatric fractures, fractures in elderly, multiple orthope-dic injury, and general fracture care. Assessment of frac-tures and diagnostic approach, postoperative care and

  14. Interfragmentary compression forces of scaphoid screws in a sawbone cylinder model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hausmann, J T; Mayr, W; Unger, E; Benesch, T; Vécsei, V; Gäbler, C

    2007-07-01

    Various screws have been developed to stabilise fractures of the scaphoid. Commonly used are the Herbert, the HBS, the 3-mm AO and the Acutrak screws. Not long ago a new screw, the Twin Fix, was introduced. This is cannulated and similar in shape and appearance to the classical Herbert screw. In our test series we compared the maximum achievable compression forces of the Twin Fix screw with that of three other screws (AO, HBS and Acutrak screws). To avoid the variations of density, stiffness and rigidity in natural bone, a polyurethane sawbone-based test setup was used. The test series included 10 screws of each type. The compression force was measured using a special strain gauge. The mean compression force was significantly higher for the Twin Fix screw (8+/-1N) and the Acutrak screw (7.6+/-0.4/0.6N) in relation to the AO screw (6.8+/-1.0/1.4N) and HBS screw (2+/-1N). We found the Twin Fix and Acutrak screws to be promising in the treatment of scaphoid fractures.

  15. Clinical features of neoplastic pathological fracture in long bones

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Yong-cheng; LUN Deng-xing; WANG Han

    2012-01-01

    Background Pathological fractures signify a potentially more aggressive subset of the original disease with higher misdiagnosis rates and inferior oncologic results.The purpose of the present study was to explore the clinical features of neoplastic pathological fracture in extremities.Methods From August 2002 to December 2010,a consecutive series of 139 patients suffering neoplastic pathological fracture were recruited,including 79 males and 60 females with a mean age of 31.3 years.Fractures were classified into five groups:tumor-like lesions (55),benign bone tumors (13),giant cell tumors (7),primary malignant bone tumors (28),and metastatic bone tumors (36).Based on their inducing forces,pathologic fractures were classified into four grades:spontaneous fracture,functional fracture,minor injury,and traumatic injury.Patients' age,fracture site,histological diagnoses,fracture forces,prodromes,and misdiagnosis were well reviewed.Kruskal-Wallis and x2 tests were used to compare forces and prodromes within different types of bone tumors.Results The highest pathologic fracture morbidity was 32.3% (45/139),which lay in the 11-20 year group,and 86.1%of metastatic tumors occurred in the 50-80 year group.The common sites of fractures were femur,humerus,and tibia.The fracture forces in benign bone tumors and tumor-like lesions are the strongest,followed by metastatic tumors and primary malignant bone tumors (Hc=80.980,P=0.000).Sixty-seven patients (48.2%) had local prodromes before pathologic fracture.The incidence rates of prodromes between primary malignant tumors and metastatic bone tumors had no significant difference (P=0.146),but they were all obviously higher than that of benign bone tumors and tumor-like lesions.Twenty patients experienced misdiagnosis.Conclusion Minor injury forces and local prodromes are clinical features of neoplastic pathologic fractures and they are also the critical factor avoiding misdiagnoses.

  16. Reducing missing fracture clinic radiographs by entrusting them to patients.

    OpenAIRE

    Calder, Peter R.; Hynes, Matthew C.; Goodier, W. David

    2004-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Missing radiographs in fracture clinics may compromise fracture management and lead to inappropriate use of clerical resources. METHODS: We prospectively compared the number of missing radiographs in two hospitals over a period of two months. In hospital A the radiographs were retained and in hospital B they were entrusted to the patients. RESULTS: At the completion of the study, entrusting patients with their radiographs resulted in statistically less radiographs missing from the...

  17. Arthroscopic grafting of scaphoid nonunion - surgical technique and preliminary findings from 23 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cognet, J-M; Louis, P; Martinache, X; Schernberg, F

    2017-02-01

    We report our experience with the arthroscopic treatment of 23 cases of scaphoid nonunion. We explain the surgical technique and describe the different steps needed to achieve bone union. We report our initial clinical and radiological results. This was a prospective non-randomized study. Inclusion criteria were a scaphoid nonunion without radiocarpal arthritis, without any time limit and without any selection as to nonunion location. Before the operation, patients underwent an X-Ray and CT scan or MRI. Schernberg's classification was used to evaluate the location of the nonunion. Internal fixation was performed with a screw or K-wires. Bone grafts were taken from the dorsal side of the distal radius using a T-Lok™ bone marrow biopsy needle (Argon Medical Devices, Plano, TX, USA). A CT scan was performed 3 months after the operation to determine whether union was achieved. Pain, strength and range of motion were evaluated before and after the operation. The patients' smoking habits were also documented. The average follow-up was 17.3 months (4-41). There were 20 men and 3 women with an average age of 26 years (17-63). The average duration of nonunion before the operation was 17 months (6-60). Based on Schernberg's classification, there was one type I, 12 type II and 10 type III nonunions. Wrist strength increased from 32 to 41kg. Union was obtained in all patients after an average of 4 months (3-12). Numerous treatments have been described for treating scaphoid nonunion: Matti-Russe, Fisk-Fernadez bone graft, vascularized bone graft, bone substitutes, etc. The success rate varies depending on the technique and study design. We have described an arthroscopic technique for treating scaphoid nonunion with very promising preliminary results. Arthroscopic debridement is needed to ensure good quality bone at the graft site, while preserving extrinsic vascularization. Traction is used during the operation to restore the scaphoid height, once debridement has been

  18. Fracture surface analysis of clinically failed fixed partial dentures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taskonak, B; Mecholsky, J J; Anusavice, K J

    2006-03-01

    Ceramic systems have limited long-term fracture resistance, especially when they are used in posterior areas or for fixed partial dentures. The objective of this study was to determine the site of crack initiation and the causes of fracture of clinically failed ceramic fixed partial dentures. Six Empress 2 lithia-disilicate (Li(2)O x 2SiO(2))-based veneered bridges and 7 experimental lithia-disilicate-based non-veneered ceramic bridges were retrieved and analyzed. Fractography and fracture mechanics methods were used to estimate the stresses at failure in 6 bridges (50%) whose fracture initiated from the occlusal surface of the connectors. Fracture of 1 non-veneered bridge (8%) initiated within the gingival surface of the connector. Three veneered bridges fractured within the veneer layers. Failure stresses of the all-core fixed partial dentures ranged from 107 to 161 MPa. Failure stresses of the veneered fixed partial dentures ranged from 19 to 68 MPa. We conclude that fracture initiation sites are controlled primarily by contact damage.

  19. Scaphoid excision with four-corner fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enna, Matthew; Hoepfner, Peter; Weiss, Arnold-Peter C

    2005-11-01

    The scaphoid plays a critical role in maintain-ing normal carpal kinematics. SLAC and SNAC wrist arthritis demonstrate the ramifications ofscaphoid pathology on wrist biomechanics. In the past, symptomatic SLAC or SNAC pathology spelled total wrist arthrodesis. Over the past 20 years there has been a movement toward limited wrist arthrodesis in the treatment of SLAC/SNAC wrists. In the long-term follow-up of four-corner fusions, patient satisfaction is high, patients are able to return to their previous vocation, and wrist function averages 60%-70% of the contralateral wrist. The Spider plate is a recent advancement in the four-corner fusion armamentarium that has thus far shown great promise in respect to fusion rates (100% in the first documented series [36]),functional range of motion, intercarpal stability[37], and patient satisfaction.

  20. 21 CFR 888.3760 - Wrist joint carpal scaphoid polymer prosthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Wrist joint carpal scaphoid polymer prosthesis. 888.3760 Section 888.3760 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... scaphoid polymer prosthesis. (a) Identification. A wrist joint carpal scaphoid polymer prosthesis is a...

  1. Scaphoid dislocation associated with axial carpal dissociation during volar flexion of the wrist: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanaya, Kohei; Wada, Takuro; Yamashita, Toshihiko

    2010-01-01

    We present the first report of a patient with an isolated scaphoid dislocation with axial carpal dissociation sustained during volar flexion of the wrist. The scaphoid was dislocated to the radial side of the radial styloid process and was slightly shifted to the dorsal side. It was shown that the position of the wrist played an irrelevant role for occurring scaphoid dislocation.

  2. Clinical assessment tools identify functional deficits in fragility fracture patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ames TD

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Tyler D Ames,1 Corinne E Wee,1 Khoi M Le,1 Tiffany L Wang,1 Julie Y Bishop,2 Laura S Phieffer,2 Carmen E Quatman2 1The Ohio State University College of Medicine, 2Department of Orthopaedics, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, USA Purpose: To identify inexpensive, noninvasive, portable, clinical assessment tools that can be used to assess functional performance measures that may put older patients at risk for falls such as balance, handgrip strength, and lumbopelvic control.Patients and methods: Twenty fragility fracture patients and 21 healthy control subjects were evaluated using clinical assessment tools (Nintendo Wii Balance Board [WBB], a handheld dynamometer, and an application for the Apple iPod Touch, the Level Belt that measure functional performance during activity of daily living tasks. The main outcome measurements were balance (WBB, handgrip strength (handheld dynamometer, and lumbopelvic control (iPod Touch Level Belt, which were compared between fragility fracture patients and healthy controls.Results: Fragility fracture patients had lower scores on the vertical component of the WBB Torso Twist task (P=0.042 and greater medial–lateral lumbopelvic sway during a 40 m walk (P=0.026 when compared to healthy controls. Unexpectedly, the fracture patients had significantly higher scores on the left leg (P=0.020 and total components (P=0.010 of the WBB Single Leg Stand task as well as less faults during the left Single Leg Stand task (P=0.003.Conclusion: The clinical assessment tools utilized in this study are relatively inexpensive and portable tools of performance measures capable of detecting differences in postural sway between fragility fracture patients and controls. Keywords: fall risk, geriatric fracture, Nintendo Wii Balance Board, Level Belt, fragility fracture

  3. Isolated scaphotrapeziotrapezoid osteoarthritis treatment using resurfacing arthroplasty with scaphoid anchorage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humada Álvarez, G; Simón Pérez, C; García Medrano, B; Faour Martín, O; Marcos Rodríguez, J J; Vega Castrillo, A; Martín Ferrero, M A

    2017-09-07

    The aim of this study is to show the results of scaphotrapeziotrapezoid (STT) joint osteoarthritis treatment performing resurfacing arthroplasty with scaphoid anchorage. An observational, descriptive and retrospective study was performed. Ten patients with isolated STT joint osteoarthritis were studied between 2013 and 2015. The mean follow-up time was 26months. Clinical results, functional and subjective scores were reviewed. The patients were satisfied, achieving an average of 2.1 (0-3) on the VAS score and 16 (2 to 28) in the DASH questionnaire, and returning to work in the first three months post-surgery. Recovery of range of motion compared to the contralateral wrist was 96% in extension, 95% in flexion, 87% in ulnar deviation and 91% in radial deviation. The average handgrip strength of the wrist was 95% and pinch strength was 95% compared to the contralateral side. There were no intraoperative complications or alterations in postoperative carpal alignment. Resurfacing arthroplasty is proposed as a good and novel alternative in treating isolated SST joint arthritis. Achieving the correct balance between the strength and mobility of the wrist, without causing carpal destabilisation, is important to obtain satisfactory clinical and functional results. Copyright © 2017. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U.

  4. Clinical effects of internal fixation for ulnar styloid fractures associated with distal radius fractures: A matched case-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawada, Hideyoshi; Shinohara, Takaaki; Natsume, Tadahiro; Hirata, Hitoshi

    2016-11-01

    Ulnar styloid fractures are often associated with distal radius fractures. However, controversy exists regarding whether to treat ulnar styloid fractures. This study aimed to evaluate clinical effects of internal fixation for ulnar styloid fractures after distal radius fractures were treated with the volar locking plate system. We used prospectively collected data of distal radius fractures. 111 patients were enrolled in this study. A matched case-control study design was used. We selected patients who underwent fixation for ulnar styloid fractures (case group). Three control patients for each patient of the case group were matched on the basis of age, sex, and fracture type of distal radius fractures from among patients who did not undergo fixation for ulnar styloid fractures (control group). The case group included 16 patients (7 men, 9 women; mean age: 52.6 years; classification of ulnar styloid fractures: center, 3; base, 11; and proximal, 2). The control group included 48 patients (15 men, 33 women; mean age: 61.1 years; classification of ulnar styloid fractures: center, 10; base, 31; and proximal, 7). For radiographic examination, the volar tilt angle, radial inclination angle, and ulnar variance length were measured, and the union of ulnar styloid fractures was judged. For clinical examination, the range of motions, grip strength, Hand20 score, and Numeric Rating Scale score were evaluated. There was little correction loss for each radiological parameter of fracture reduction, and these parameters were not significantly different between the groups. The bone-healing rate of ulnar styloid fractures was significantly higher in the case group than in the control group, but the clinical results were not significantly different. We revealed that there was no need to fix ulnar styloid fractures when distal radius fractures were treated via open reduction and internal fixation with a volar locking plate system. Copyright © 2016 The Japanese Orthopaedic Association

  5. Cardiovascular Risk Factor Analysis in Patients with a Recent Clinical Fracture at the Fracture Liaison Service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline E. Wyers

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Patients with a low bone mineral density have an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD and venous thromboembolic events (VTE. The aim of our retrospective chart review was to investigate the prevalence of CVD, VTE, hypertension (HT, and diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2 in patients with a recent clinical fracture visiting the Fracture Liaison Service (FLS. Out of 3057 patients aged 50–90 years, 1359 consecutive patients, who agreed and were able to visit the FLS for fracture risk evaluation, were included (71.7% women; mean age 65.2 yrs. Based on medical history, 29.9% had a history of CVD (13.7%, VTE (1.7%, HT (14.9%, and DM2 (7.1% or a combination. Their prevalence increased with age (21% in patients aged 50–59 years to 48% in patients aged >80 years and was higher in men than in women (36% versus 27%, but independent of bone mineral density and fracture type. Careful evaluation of medical history with respect to these risk factors should be performed in patients with a recent clinical fracture before starting treatment with medications that increase the risk of VTE or cardiovascular events, such as raloxifene, strontium ranelate, or NSAIDs.

  6. [Mechanics of the perilunate carpal bones and their injury patterns including post-traumatic instability with reference to rare clinical cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zilch, H

    1985-01-01

    There is given a survey of recent findings of the biomechanics of the carpal bones of which the complex of the os scaphoideum, lunatum and capitatum has the key role. The mechanism of injury and posttraumatic instability of the wrist are presented. Rare injuries like subluxation of the os scaphoideum with DISI instability, "scapho-capitate fracture" syndrome, and perilunar dislocation associated with scaphoid fracture (de Quervain) with a proximal fragment of the scaphoid which is turned over about 180 and 90 degrees, are reported in form of clinical cases. In case of subluxation of the os scaphoideum the operation described by Dobyns is recommended, using a split of ECRB tendon for dorsal ligament reconstruction.

  7. THORACOLUMBAR BURST FRACTURE: STRUCTURAL CHANGES AND CLINICAL OUTCOME OF TREATMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Arnold Tisot

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the correlation between structural changes in burst fractures of thoracic and lumbar spine with clinical outcome of the treatment. Methods: A retrospective study in 25 patients with fractures of thoracic and lumbar spine burst fractures without neurological deficit. Eleven patients underwent conservative treatment and for the remaining the treatment was surgical. All patients were followed up for at least 24 months. The cases were evaluated by a protocol that included: posttraumatic measurement of kyphosis, vertebral body collapse and narrowing of the spinal canal, the visual analog scale of pain, and the quality of life questionnaire SF-36 at the follow-up. For statistical analysis, the significance level was 5% and the software SPSS 18.0 was used. Results: No statistically significant difference was observed when comparing the clinical outcomes of one treatment over another. Similarly, there was no statistically significant correlation between kyphosis and post-traumatic narrowing of the spinal canal with clinical worsening in the follow-up, regardless of the treatment used. We found a positive correlation (p<0.05 between initial collapse and SF-36 domains in both groups (operated and non-operated. Conclusion: There was no significant superiority of one treatment over the other, and no correlation was found between kyphosis and spinal canal narrowing in burst fractures of the thoracic and lumbar spine without neurological deficit. However, there was correlation between initial collapse and clinical outcome in some domains of the SF-36 questionnaire.

  8. Clinical outcomes of surgical management of anterior bilateral mandibular fractures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boffano, P.; Gallesio, C.; Roccia, F.; van den Bergh, B.; Forouzanfar, T.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The aims of this study were to assess the clinical outcomes of patients with anterior bifocal mandibular fractures and to discuss the management of this peculiar type of trauma. Methods: From the systematic computer-assisted database that has continuously recorded patients hospitalized with

  9. Clinical outcomes of surgical management of anterior bilateral mandibular fractures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boffano, P.; Gallesio, C.; Roccia, F.; van den Bergh, B.; Forouzanfar, T.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The aims of this study were to assess the clinical outcomes of patients with anterior bifocal mandibular fractures and to discuss the management of this peculiar type of trauma. Methods: From the systematic computer-assisted database that has continuously recorded patients hospitalized with

  10. Neonatal vitamin D status from archived dried blood spots and future risk of fractures in childhood

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Händel, Mina Nicole; Frederiksen, Peder; Cohen, Arieh

    2017-01-01

    Background: Whether antenatal and neonatal vitamin D status have clinical relevance in fracture prevention has not been examined extensively, although observational studies indicate that fetal life may be a sensitive period in relation to bone growth and mineralization during childhood.......Objective: We examined whether 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH)D3] concentrations in stored neonatal dried blood spot (DBS) samples are associated with pediatric fracture risk. We hypothesized that in particular, low neonatal vitamin D status may be a risk factor for fracture incidence among children.......Design: In a register-based case-cohort study design, the case group was composed of 1039 individuals who were randomly selected from a total of 82,154 individuals who were born during 1989-1999 and admitted to a Danish hospital with a fracture of the forearm, wrist, scaphoid bone, clavicle, or ankle at age 6-13 y...

  11. Clinical and forensic medicine issues in osteoporosis fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molfetta, Luigi; Caldo, Davide

    2011-04-01

    Severe osteoporosis is characterized by a densitometry T-score lower than 2.5 associated with one or more fragility fractures. Fragility fractures represent a serious social and economic problem; the diagnosis of osteoporosis is an unachieved target by orthopaedic surgeons, despite the chance to detect it in many clinical assets and the availability of effective treatment tools. It is necessary to stick to scientific society guidelines, thus avoiding legal consequences related to the diagnosis, the therapy, the prescription coherence and the correct information due to patients.

  12. Flexor Tendon Ruptures After Distal Scaphoid Excision for Scaphotrapeziotrapezoid Osteoarthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deren, Matthew E; Mitchell, Charles H; Weiss, Arnold-Peter C

    2017-09-01

    Distal scaphoid excision is one treatment option for osteoarthritis of the scaphotrapeziotrapezoid (STT) joint following failure of conservative measures. Potential complications of this procedure include injury to the carpal ligaments, cartilage, and radial artery. A single case was identified by the senior author, and the medical record was reviewed for surgical notes, progress notes, and radiographs. A 68-year-old male sustained ruptures of the flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS) and flexor digitorum profundus to the index finger 3 years following a distal scaphoid excision for symptomatic STT osteoarthritis. He required a flexor tendon reconstruction using the remaining FDS tendon for graft incorporated with a Pulvertaft weave. His midcarpal pain continued after recovery of his index finger function, eventually requiring a 4-corner fusion of the wrist. Flexor tendon rupture is a previously unreported complication of distal scaphoid excision for STT arthritis.

  13. Clinical analysis of the rap stress stimulator applied for crus fracture after skeletal external fixation

    OpenAIRE

    Zhuang, Ping; Hong, Jiayuan; Chen, Wei; Wu, Jin; Ding, Zhenqi

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Open crus fracture is still difficult in clinical treatment because of the delayed fracture union and high rate of nonunion after the operation. A consensus has been reached that mechanical stress can promote fracture healing. We independently developed a stress stimulator, which can provide longitudinal pressure for the fixed fracture end of the lower legs to promote fracture healing. The purpose of this study is to explore the advantages and clinical effect of the rap stress st...

  14. Timing and risk factors for clinical fractures among postmenopausal women: a 5-year prospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rinkens Paula ELM

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Many risk factors for fractures have been documented, including low bone-mineral density (BMD and a history of fractures. However, little is known about the short-term absolute risk (AR of fractures and the timing of clinical fractures. Therefore, we assessed the risk and timing of incident clinical fractures, expressed as 5-year AR, in postmenopausal women. Methods In total, 10 general practice centres participated in this population-based prospective study. Five years after a baseline assessment, which included clinical risk factor evaluation and BMD measurement, 759 postmenopausal women aged between 50 and 80 years, were re-examined, including undergoing an evaluation of clinical fractures after menopause. Risk factors for incident fractures at baseline that were significant in univariate analyses were included in a multivariate Cox survival regression analysis. The significant determinants were used to construct algorithms. Results In the total group, 12.5% (95% confidence interval (CI 10.1–14.9 of the women experienced a new clinical fracture. A previous clinical fracture after menopause and a low BMD (T-score Conclusion In postmenopausal women, clinical fractures cluster in time. One in two women with a recent clinical fracture had a new clinical fracture within 5 years, regardless of BMD. The 5-year AR for a first clinical fracture was much lower and depended on BMD.

  15. Radiographic signs of scaphoid union after bone grafting: The analysis of inter-observer agreement and intra-observer reproducibility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirić Dragan

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION The diagnosis of radiological union of scaphoid bone after bone grafting requires clear evidence of bony trabeculae traversing the graft from the proximal to the distal pole on at least two of four standard scaphoid views. This sign is the only objective assessments of union. Radiographs of the scaphoid taken 18 weeks after operation, however, can be difficult to interpret. This fact led us to question whether radiographs of scaphoid at 18 weeks provide reliable and objective indication of union. OBJECTIVE Our study was, therefore, designed to determine the reliability of the radiographic diagnosis of scaphoid union after bone grafting by testing the degree of inter-observer agreement and reproducibility. METHODS Out of 30 sets of the scaphoid bone radiographs after bone grafting taken 18 weeks after operation, 15 of good quality were selected. Each set included four views: postero-anterior, lateral, semi- pronated and semi-supinated. Seven observers were tested: three orthopedic consultants, three residents and one consultant in radiology. Each was presented with 15 sets of radiographs designated from 1 to 15 and each was asked to answer the question: "Are there trabeculae crossing the fracture site?" Possible answers were 'yes' or 'no'. Eight weeks later, the same 15 sets of radiographs were marked in alphabetic order from A to K and presented to the same seven observers. Data was then analyzed and expressed in terms of interobserver agreement in pairs and intra-observer reproducibility. Calculation was done by kappa statistics so that the degree of disagreement was taken into account and allowance was made for chance agreement. Kappa values can vary from -1.0 (complete disagreement through 1 (chance agreement to +1 (complete agreement. RESULTS For all 15 sets of radiographs, the degree of agreement between each pair of observers was illustrated in Table 2. It demonstrated the level of agreement between each pairs of seven

  16. Synovitis of the wrist joint caused by an intraarticular perforation of an osteoid osteoma of the scaphoid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Praveen Bhardwaj

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Uncommon location and atypical presentation of the osteoid osteomas of the scaphoid can pose a diagnostic challenge. Because of its intraarticular location, scaphoid osteoid osteoma can present with synovitis which is the more commonly reported presentation for other intraarticular locations like in hip and elbow and only rarely reported at the wrist. We report a case of perforation of the osteoid osteoma into the wrist joint, resulting in exuberant synovitis. The clinical significance of this report is to reinforce that synovitis can be a presentation of osteoid osteoma and it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of monoarticular arthritis. Prolonged synovitis may cause damage to the other joint surfaces of the wrist and hence carpal osteoid osteoma should be considered for early surgical excision.

  17. Personal series with clinical review of fracture penis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhuiyan, Z H; Khan, S A; Tawhid, M H; Islam, M F

    2007-07-01

    Penile fracture is an uncommon Urological emergency. In flaccid state it allows significant degree of deformation without any injury to the vital structures but in erected state it is vulnerable to blunt injury. The tumescent corpora cavernosa may have got injured due to nonphysiological bending of penile shaft. The true incidence of penile fracture is not known even in western countries. It is either under reported or hidden for potential social embracement. We have reviewed all of our cases of penile fracture and has been conducted a retrospective study in the Department of Urology, Bangladesh Medical College, Dhaka. The study period was from October 2001 to January 2006. The sample size was 23. All patients have got classical history of penile fracture. The time between the onset of symptom and seeking of medical care ranges from 02 hours to 07 days. The diagnosis was made on the basis of history and clinical examination only. All the patients were underwent surgery. The potency was well preserved in all of our patients. The local tissue healing process is better among the patients, reported earlier. The overall result is excellent.

  18. Rotatory subluxation of the scaphoid in Kienböck's disease is not a cause of scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) in the wrist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taniguchi, Y; Tamaki, T; Honda, T; Yoshida, M

    2002-07-01

    We have examined whether the rotatory subluxation of the scaphoid which is seen in patients with advanced Kienböck's disease is associated with scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) wrist. We studied 16 patients (11 men, 5 women) who had stage-IV Kienböck's disease with chronic subluxation of the scaphoid. All had received conservative treatment. The mean period of affection with Kienböck's disease was 30 years (14 to 49). No wrist had SLAC. In eight patients, 24 years or more after the onset of the disease, the articular surface of the radius had been remodelled by the subluxed scaphoid with maintenance of the joint space. The wrists of six patients were considered to be excellent, nine good, and one fair according to the clinical criteria of Dornan. Our findings have shown that rotatory subluxation of the scaphoid in Kienböck's disease is not a cause of SLAC wrist and therefore that scaphotrapeziotrapezoid arthrodesis is not required for the management of these patients.

  19. Osteoma osteoide em escafoide: relato de caso Osteoid osteoma in scaphoid: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antônio Lourenço Severo

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available O osteoma osteoide é um tumor benigno osteoblástico, incomum na mão. A localização nos ossos do carpo é infrequente, a qual leva a erros no diagnóstico em decorrência do polimorfismo de sinais clínicos. Na revisão bibliográfica foram referidos nove casos de osteoma osteoide no escafoide. Relata-se um caso de osteoma osteoide no escafoide, tratado inicialmente como tenossinovite estenosante de De Quervain, tendo diagnóstico definitivo retardado por cinco anos.Osteoid osteoma is a benign osteoblastic tumor that is unusual in the hand. A location in the carpal bones is infrequent, which leads to errors in diagnosing it because of polymorphism of the clinical symptoms. Reviewing the literature shows that nine cases of osteoid osteoma in the scaphoid have been reported. Here, one case of osteoid osteoma in the scaphoid that was initially treated as De Quervain's stenosing tenosynovitis is reported, with a definitive diagnosis that was delayed for five years.

  20. Scapholunate advanced collapse and scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse arthritis--update on evaluation and treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strauch, Robert J

    2011-04-01

    Scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) and scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse are common patterns of wrist arthritis. Scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse is caused by trauma, whereas SLAC wrist may also result from chronic pseudogout and can appear bilaterally without a clear history of injury. Surgical treatment for SLAC wrist includes 4-corner arthrodesis, capitolunate arthrodesis, complete wrist arthrodesis, proximal row carpectomy (PRC), denervation, and radial styloidectomy. Scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse wrist has the additional surgical option of excision of the distal ununited scaphoid fragment. Controversy persists over the relative merits of PRC versus 4-corner arthrodesis and whether PRC may be performed in the setting of capitate arthritis.

  1. Hoffa fracture associated with ipsilateral femoral shaft fracture: clinical feature and treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Yu-Bao; Li, Qing-Song; Yang, Chen; Li, Shu-Qiang; Liu, Jian-Guo; Qi, Xin

    2011-01-01

    Hoffa fracture associated with ipsilateral femoral shaft fracture is very rare. Three cases of this rare type of injury were retrospectively reviewed. The sites of femoral shaft fractures and Hoffa fractures were documented. All femoral shaft fractures were managed with internal fixation. The rate of misdiagnosis for the Hoffa fractures was documented. Functions of the affected knees were evaluated according to the modified Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) scores at two years follow-up. Femoral fractures were either transverse or composite in all three cases. Ipsilateral Hoffa fractures occurred at medial condyle in two cases, and lateral condyle in one case. Only one Hoffa fracture was identified preoperatively. All the femoral shaft fractures healed uneventfully. In the patient whose Hoffa fracture was correctly diagnosed, the modified HSS score was 94. In another patient, whose Hoffa fracture was treated by a second operation, the modified HSS score was 93. And in the third case, who refused additional operation for the Hoffa fracture, the modified HSS score was only 70. Conclusively femoral shaft fracture can be associated with ipsilateral Hoffa fracture, especially in motorcycle accident. This type of injury is very rare and misdiagnosis is common.

  2. Hoffa fracture associated with ipsilateral femoral shaft fracture: clinical feature and treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GONG Yu-bao; LI Qing-song; YANG Chen; LI Shu-qiang; LIU Jian-guo; QI Xin

    2011-01-01

    Hoffa fracture associated with ipsilateral femoral shaft fracture is very rare.Three cases of this rare type of injury were retrospectively reviewed.The sites of femoral shaft fractures and Hoffa fractures were documented.All femoral shaft fractures were managed with internal fixation.The rate of misdiagnosis for the Hoffa fractures was documented.Functions of the affected knees were evaluated according to the modified Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) scores at two years follow-up.Femoral fractures were either transverse or composite in all three cases.Ipsilateral Hoffa fractures occurred at medial condyle in two cases,and lateral condyle in one case.Only one Hoffa fracture was identified preoperatively.All the femoral shaft fractures healed uneventfully.In the patient whose Hoffa fracture was correctly diagnosed,the modified HSS score was 94.In another patient,whose Hoffa fracture was treated by a second operation,the modified HSS score was 93.And in the third case,who refused additional operation for the Hoffa fracture,the modified HSS score was only 70.Conclusively femoral shaft fracture can be associated with ipsilateral Hoffa fracture,especially in motorcycle accident.This type of injury is very rare and misdiagnosis is common.

  3. Fractures of the nasolacrimal fossa and canal: CT findings and clinical significance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Chae Kyung; Lee, Hyeon Kyeong; Lee, Jong Hwa; Ku, Kwan Min; Choi, Dae Seob; Oh, Yeon Hee; Kim, Seung Hyeon; Lee, Sung Woo; Han, Jae Sik; Kim, Mi Woon [Dongguk Univ., College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-09-01

    This study was aimed to determine the CT findings of nasolacrimal fossa and their clinical significance. Twenty-nine of 116 patients who underwent facial CT scanning after trauma showed evidence of nasolacrimal fracture. We retrospectively analyzed CT findings to evaluate fracture patterns of the nasolacrimal fossa and canal and associated facial fractures. To determine the frequency of associated complications, clinical records were reviewed were reviewed. Three types of fracture were identified: avulsion, comminuted,and linear. Forty-one nasolacrimal fractures, 20 of which involved the nasolacrimal fossa and 21 the nasolacrimal canal, were found in the 29 patients. Of the 20 fractures involving the nasolacrimal fossa, ten were avulsion, eight were linear, and two were comminuted. Seventeen of 21 fractures involving the nasolacrimal canal were comminuted and four were linear;all nasolacrimal fractures were associated with other facial fractures. Twenty-five of 29 fractures were the complex midfacial-type (naso-ethmoid);the remaining four were simple and unilateral. Nasolacrimal sac and duct-related complications were documented in only two patients; they experienced epiphora associated with avulsion fracture of the nasolacrimal fossa, though the probvlem was resolvced by conservative treatment without surgery. Fractures of the nasolacrimal fossa and canal were accompanied by simple or complex facial fractures. Injury-associated complications were rare, and all were associated with avulsion fractures of the nasolacrimal fossa.=20.

  4. Clinical outcome after surgical treatment of transitional fractures of the distal tibia in children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strohm, P C; Hauschild, O; Reising, K;

    2011-01-01

    PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Fractures affecting a partially closed physis are described as transitional fractures. The distal tibia is one of the most common locations for transitional fractures second only to the distal radius. Aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the clinical and radiologi...

  5. Pediatric Scaphoid Proximal Pole Nonunion With Avascular Necrosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jernigan, Edward W; Smetana, Brandon S; Patterson, J Megan M

    2017-04-01

    A 13-year-old, right hand-dominant, otherwise healthy boy presented with left wrist pain 19 months after a nonmotorized scooter injury. Radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging at presentation demonstrated proximal pole scaphoid nonunion with avascular necrosis of the proximal fragment. Operative and nonsurgical treatment options were discussed and the family elected for an attempt at nonsurgical management. The patient was placed in a short-arm thumb spica cast, with a window for a bone stimulator, for 14 weeks. At the conclusion of the treatment, the pain had resolved and x-ray and computed tomography scan demonstrated bony union. The authors recommend considering an initial trial of nonsurgical management for treatment of all pediatric scaphoid nonunions. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Surgical Stabilization of Pelvic and Acetabular Fractures: A Review on the Determinants of Clinical Outcomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SS Sathappan

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available AIM: Pelvic and acetabular fractures are associated with high-energy trauma. The aim of this study was to identify factors that are associated with specific clinical outcomes following treatment for these fractures. METHODS: A consecutive series of 30 patients who had surgical intervention for either pelvic or acetabular fractures formed the sample for this study. Clinical variables reviewed were: age, associated injuries, number of surgical procedures, time to surgery and post-operative complications. Clinical outcomes were assessed using Matta’s grading of post- operative fracture reduction alignment, and functional outcomes were graded using D'Aubigne & Postel’s Hip scoring system. RESULTS: Study subjects included twelve pelvic fractures and eighteen acetabular fractures. Patients older than 50 years of age had poorer hip scores despite surgery. Earlier fracture fixation (within five days was associated with better hip scores. Patients with acetabular fractures generally had better functional outcomes than patients with pelvic fractures (mean hip score 15.0 vs. 13.5. Closer anatomical reduction of acetabular fractures was associated with better functional outcome. CONCLUSION: Improved clinical outcomes are associated with younger age, fewer concomitant injuries, shorter time interval to surgery and more closely approximated anatomical fracture reduction.

  7. [Isolated dislocation of the carpal scaphoid. A case report with review of the literature].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cherif, M R; Ben Ghozlen, R; Chehimi, A; Annabi, H; Trabelsi, M; Mbarek, M; Ben Hassine, H

    2002-10-01

    Isolated dislocation of the carpal scaphoid is an extremely rare injury, which is usually accompanied by significant ligamento-capsular lesions. A review of the literature found only 21 reported cases. The aim of this report is to present a single case of isolated radio-palmar dislocation of the scaphoid treated conservatively, which provided a good functional result at 10 years follow up.

  8. Biomechanical assessment and clinical analysis of different intramedullary nailing systems for oblique fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alierta, J A; Pérez, M A; Seral, B; García-Aznar, J M

    2016-09-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate the fracture union or non-union for a specific patient that presented oblique fractures in tibia and fibula, using a mechanistic-based bone healing model. Normally, this kind of fractures can be treated through an intramedullary nail using two possible configurations that depends on the mechanical stabilisation: static and dynamic. Both cases are simulated under different fracture geometries in order to understand the effect of the mechanical stabilisation on the fracture healing outcome. The results of both simulations are in good agreement with previous clinical experience. From the results, it is demonstrated that the dynamization of the fracture improves healing in comparison with a static or rigid fixation of the fracture. This work shows the versatility and potential of a mechanistic-based bone healing model to predict the final outcome (union, non-union, delayed union) of realistic 3D fractures where even more than one bone is involved.

  9. A rare case of isolated trapezium fracture in motorcycle polytrauma patient in emergency department

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Giancarlo De Nigris; Gabriele Falzarano; Antonio Medici; Steven James Mccabe; Grubor Predrag; Maria Liberata Meccariello; Luigi Meccariello

    2016-01-01

    Medical staff hardly recognize fractures of trapezium due to the small size and the complex anatomy of the wrist and the hand. Seventy percent of all carpal fractures are scaphoid's fractures. Only 0.4%of all carpal injuries are trapezial fractures. In this paper, we presented a case of a high speed trauma where there were only trapezial fractures. Origin, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, treatment and complications are evaluated and described.

  10. Fractographic features of glass-ceramic and zirconia-based dental restorations fractured during clinical function

    OpenAIRE

    Øilo, Marit; Hardang, Anne Dybdahl; Ulsund, Amanda Hembre; Gjerdet,Nils Roar

    2014-01-01

    Fractures during clinical function have been reported as the major concern associated with all-ceramic dental restorations. The aim of this study was to analyze the fracture features of glass-ceramic and zirconia-based restorations fractured during clinical use. Twenty-seven crowns and onlays were supplied by dentists and dental technicians with information about type of cement and time in function, if available. Fourteen lithium disilicate glass-ceramic restorations and 13 zirconia-based res...

  11. Case report: clinical and postmortem findings in four cows with rib fracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braun, Ueli; Warislohner, Sonja; Hetzel, Udo; Nuss, Karl

    2017-02-06

    Published reports of rib fractures in adult cattle are limited to the occurrence of chronic rib swellings caused by calluses, which are unremarkable from a clinical standpoint, whereas studies identifying clinical signs of rib fractures were not found in a literature search. This report describes the clinical and postmortem findings in four cows with rib fractures. The 13th rib was fractured in three cows and the 11th rib in the remaining cow; three fractures were on the right and one on the left side. Clinical and postmortem findings varied considerably, and percussion of the rib cage elicited a pain response in only one cow. One cow had generalised peritonitis because of perforation of the rumen by the fractured rib. One cow was recumbent because of pain and became a downer cow, and two other cows had bronchopneumonia, which was a sequel to osteomyelitis of the fracture site in one. In the absence of a history of trauma, the diagnosis of rib fracture based on clinical signs alone is difficult. Although rib fractures undoubtedly are very painful, the four cases described in this report suggest that they are difficult to diagnose in cattle because associated clinical signs are nonspecific.

  12. Clinical analysis of the rap stress stimulator applied for crus fracture after skeletal external fixation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhuang, Ping; Hong, Jiayuan; Chen, Wei; Wu, Jin; Ding, Zhenqi

    2015-06-19

    Open crus fracture is still difficult in clinical treatment because of the delayed fracture union and high rate of nonunion after the operation. A consensus has been reached that mechanical stress can promote fracture healing. We independently developed a stress stimulator, which can provide longitudinal pressure for the fixed fracture end of the lower legs to promote fracture healing. The purpose of this study is to explore the advantages and clinical effect of the rap stress stimulator applied for open crus fracture after skeletal external fixation. One hundred and sixty-five patients (183 limbs) who suffered from open tibia and fibula fracture received skeletal external fixation, of which 108 limbs were treated with the rap stress stimulator after external fixation and 75 limbs were treated with regular functional exercises of muscle contraction and joint activity only. Then the fracture healing time and rate of nonunion were compared between the two groups. The mean fracture healing time and rate of nonunion in the group treated with the rap stress stimulator were 138.27 ±4.45 days and 3.70% respectively, compared to 153.43 ±4.89 days and 10.67% in the group treated without the stimulator. The rap stress stimulator significantly shortened the fracture healing time and reduced the rate of nonunion for treating open tibia and fibula fractures.

  13. Clinical outcome after traumatic spinal fractures in patients with ankylosing spinal disorders compared with control patients.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Westerveld, L.A.; van Bemmel, J.C.; Dhert, W.J.A.; Öner, F.C.; Verlaan, J.J.

    2014-01-01

    Background context The clinical outcome of patients with ankylosing spinal disorders (ASDs) sustaining a spinal fracture has been described to be worse compared with the general trauma population. Purpose To investigate clinical outcome (neurologic deficits, complications, and mortality) after spina

  14. Clinical Risk Factors for the Presence and Development of Vertebral Fractures in Patients With Ankylosing Spondylitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Maas, Fiona; Spoorenberg, Anneke; van der Slik, Boukje P. G.; van der Veer, Eveline; Brouwer, Elisabeth; Bootsma, Hendrika; Bos, Reinhard; Wink, Freke R.; Arends, Suzanne

    IntroductionTo investigate the prevalence and incidence of radiographic vertebral fractures and the association with patient characteristics, clinical assessments, and medication use in a large prospective cohort of patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in daily clinical practice.

  15. Fracture liaison service in a non-regional orthopaedic clinic--a cost-effective service.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Ahmed, M

    2012-01-01

    Fracture liaison services (FLS) aim to provide cost-effective targeting of secondary fracture prevention. It is proposed that a dedicated FLS be available in any hospital to which a patient presents with a fracture. An existing orthopaedic clinic nurse was retrained to deliver a FLS. Proformas were used so that different nurses could assume the fracture liaison nurse (FLN) role, as required. Screening consisted of fracture risk estimation, phlebotomy and DXA scanning. 124 (11%) of all patients attending the orthopaedic fracture clinic were reviewed in the FLS. Upper limb fractures accounted for the majority of fragility fractures screened n=69 (55.6%). Two-thirds of patients (n=69) had reduced bone mineral density (BMD). An evidence based approach to both non-pharmacological and pharmacotherapy was used and most patients (76.6%) receiving pharmacotherapy received an oral bisphosphonate (n=46). The FLS has proven to be an effective way of delivering secondary prevention for osteoporotic fracture in a non-regional fracture clinic, without increasing staff costs.

  16. Clinical burden and incremental cost of fractures in postmenopausal women in the United Kingdom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutiérrez, Lia; Roskell, Neil; Castellsague, Jordi; Beard, Steve; Rycroft, Catherine; Abeysinghe, Shaun; Shannon, Paul; Gitlin, Matthew; Robbins, Sean

    2012-09-01

    This cohort study of postmenopausal women in the United Kingdom aged ≥50years determined the incremental cost of health care and clinical outcomes in the 12months following incident, selected fractures (non-vertebral non-hip [NVNHF], vertebral [VF] and multiple [MF]). Incremental costs and outcomes of the fracture cohorts were compared with those of cohorts comprised of women without fractures who were individually matched on age and comorbidity. Cohorts were identified from The Health Improvement Network database, a primary health care database, from 2001 to 2005. We estimated 1-year incremental costs (hospitalizations; general practice, accident/emergency, and referral visits; and prescription medications) associated with each fracture type. Descriptive analyses examined occurrence of subsequent fractures and death. No long-term health care costs or outcomes were assessed. Overall, 14,030 women had NVNHF, 1471 had VF, and 193 had MF. The risk of death was greater for women with fractures than for women in the non-fracture cohorts. Mean incremental cost for fractures compared with no fractures was £1152 for VF; £690 for NVNHF, and £2581 for MF. Of the total incremental cost, hospitalizations represented 54%-90% and medications represented 7%-29%. In all fracture cohorts, most of the total annual costs were concentrated in the 6months after the date of fracture. Fractures among postmenopausal women represent an important burden to the health system due to the increase in health resource utilization and related costs. In this study, hospitalizations were the main driver of the overall incremental cost during the 12months following the fracture. Mortality in women in the selected fracture cohorts was higher than in women in the non-fracture cohorts. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Sternal and vertebral fractures, a well-known association, usually overlooked: review of six clinical cases

    OpenAIRE

    Alvaro Silva G.; Paulina de la Fuente D; Andrés Schmidt-Hebbel N; Manuel Valencia C.; José Antonio Riera M; Javier del Río A; Bernardo Merello T; Carlos Thibaut L.

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: the association of sternal and vertebral fractures has previously been described in the literature. These lesions are frequently overlooked at the initial evaluation. The purpose of this study was to review and discuss the diagnostic methods used to diagnose these lesions and to highlight the importance of early recognition of these fractures. METHODS: we performed a retrospective analysis of six patients who suffered sternal and concomitant vertebral fractures. Clinical charts and...

  18. Clinical usefulness of CT in the diagnosis of severe pelvic fractures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gotoh, Shinsuke; Tajima, Hiroyuki [Nippon Medical School, Tokyo (Japan)

    1998-11-01

    The purpose of this paper is to clarify the clinical significance of CT in the diagnosis of severe pelvic fractures. Fifty-six consecutive patients with severe pelvic ring fractures were the subjects of this study. The assessments were as follows: comparison of the diagnostic value of plain X-P and CT for the detection of pelvic fractures, comparison hemodynamic findings before TAE therapy, comparison between abnormal angiographic findings and fracture sites on CT, and comparison between abnormal angiographic findings and volume of retroperitoneal hematomas on CT. CT was more useful for the detection of severe pelvic ring fractures, especially for sacral fracture and iliosacral joint dislocations, than plain X-P. Sacral fracture group was more severe than iliac fracture group on CT. There was a discrepancy between the angiographic findings and fracture sites in 20 of the 56 patients. Angiographic abnormalities without fracture were seen especially in the lateral sacral artery and iliolumbar artery. There was a discrepancy between the angiographic findings and retroperitoneal hematomas in 38 of the 56 patients. Retroperitoneal hematomas, especially around the ilium, were seen on CT in 40 areas in the absence of any abnormal angiographic findings. Conversely, angiographic extravasation without hematoma on CT was seen in 20 areas, especially in lateral sacral artery. CT is useful for detection and intervention in severe pelvic ring fractures. (author)

  19. TREATMENT OF FRACTURES TO THE HAND

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentina Colombo

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to discuss the treatment of fractures to the hand given the importance of this organ in terms of functional anatomy. After classifying the various types of fractures, surgery and rehabilitation options for all types are discussed. Particular emphasis is placed on therapy for the most frequently seen lesions such as fractures to the scaphoid, the fifth metacarpal and the base of the first metacarpal. The importance of the use of prophylaxis against stiffness and treatment for oedema, which are commonly seen in fractures to the hand, is also highlighted.

  20. Bridging the gap between clinical failure and laboratory fracture strength tests using a fractographic approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aboushelib, M.N.; Feilzer, A.J.; Kleverlaan, C.J.

    2009-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze and to compare the fracture type and the stress at failure of clinically fractured zirconia-based all ceramic restorations with that of morphologically similar replicas tested in a laboratory setup. Methods: Replicas of the same shape and dimensions we

  1. Bridging the gap between clinical failure and laboratory fracture strength tests using a fractographic approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aboushelib, M.N.; Feilzer, A.J.; Kleverlaan, C.J.

    2009-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze and to compare the fracture type and the stress at failure of clinically fractured zirconia-based all ceramic restorations with that of morphologically similar replicas tested in a laboratory setup. Methods: Replicas of the same shape and dimensions

  2. Simulation of clinical fractures for three different all-ceramic crowns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oilo, Marit; Kvam, Ketil; Gjerdet, Nils R

    2014-06-01

    Comparison of fracture strength and fracture modes of different all-ceramic crown systems is not straightforward. Established methods for reliable testing of all-ceramic crowns are not currently available. Published in-vitro tests rarely simulate clinical failure modes and are therefore unsuited to distinguish between the materials. The in-vivo trials usually lack assessment of failure modes. Fractographic analyses show that clinical crowns usually fail from cracks initiating in the cervical margins, whereas in-vitro specimens fail from contact damage at the occlusal loading point. The aim of this study was to compare three all-ceramic systems using a clinically relevant test method that is able to simulate clinical failure modes. Ten incisor crowns of three types of all-ceramic systems were exposed to soft loading until fracture. The initiation and propagation of cracks in these crowns were compared with those of a reference group of crowns that failed during clinical use. All crowns fractured in a manner similar to fracture of the clinical reference crowns. The zirconia crowns fractured at statistically significantly higher loads than alumina and glass-ceramic crowns. Fracture initiation was in the core material, cervically in the approximal areas. © 2014 Eur J Oral Sci.

  3. Flexion type supracondylar humerus fractures: 12 year experience of a pediatric orthopedics clinic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turgut, Ali; Kalenderer, Önder; Bozoğlan, Muhammet; Bacaksız, Tayfun; Ağuş, Haluk

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to review flexion type supracondylar humerus fractures in children and treatment options. Forty-seven patients (26 males, 21 females; mean age 8.6±3.2 years; range 4 to 15 years) who admitted to and were hospitalized in a pediatric orthopedics clinic between January 2002 and January 2014 due to flexion type supracondylar humerus fracture were included in this retrospective study. Fractures were classified according to Wilkins modification of Gartland system. Closed reduction and percutaneous pinning (CRPP) were administered in all patients with type 2 and 3 fractures. An overhead traction or open reduction was applied when closed reduction could not be achieved with three manipulations. Patients were evaluated clinically and radiologically. The results were graded according to Flynn criteria. Four patients with type 1 fracture were treated conservatively. Of the remaining patients, we were able to perform CRPP successfully in 36 (83.7%). While six patients (14%) were treated with open reduction and internal fixation, one patient (2.1%) was treated with overhead traction. The results were excellent or good in 44 patients (93.7%). Compared with extension type fractures, these fractures are seen in older children and are rarer. One should be prepared to perform open reduction especially for type 3 fractures. In our study, results of patients with type 3 fractures treated with CRPP were superior.

  4. Clinical and radiographic evaluation of biodegradable bone plates in the treatment of mandibular body fractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sherin Kamal Elhalawany

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Many different systems are available for the treatment of fractures ranging from the heavy compression plates for mandibular reconstruction to low profile plates for mid-facial fixation, and are made either from stainless steel, titanium or vitallium. Recently, biodegradable, self-reinforced polylactide plates and screws have been used for the internal fixation of fractures of the mandible with good results. Aim of this study: This study evaluated clinically the biodegradable bone plates for treatment of mandibular body fracture and to evaluate bone healing during the follow-up period using digital radiography. Materials and Methods : Eight patients had been suffered from mandibular body fractures were treated using Inion CPS TM bioresorbable fixation system and the healing process were followed up using digitised panoramic radiography at first week and after 1, 3 and 6 months. Results: Clinical examination of fractured segments revealed stable fixation across the fracture sites while visual and quantitative assessment of radiograph showed healing process was comparable with results previously reported by titanium bone plates. Conclusion: Open reduction and internal fixation of mandibular fractures using bioresorbable fixation system with a brief period of inter-maxillary fixation have evolved to the point where the physical properties are sufficient to withstand the post-operative loads required for fracture repair of mandibular body fractures. The foreign body reaction is a major material-related problem which requires further studies.

  5. Evaluation of patients with a recent clinical fracture and osteoporosis, a multidisciplinary approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Udrea Gabriela

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The aetiology of osteoporotic fractures is multifactorial, but little is known about the way to evaluate patients with a recent clinical fracture for the presence of secondary osteoporosis. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of contributors to secondary osteoporosis in patients presenting with a clinical vertebral or non-vertebral fracture. Identifying and correcting these contributors will enhance treatment effect aimed at reducing the risk of subsequent fractures. In a multidisciplinary approach, including evaluation of bone and fall-related risk factors, 100 consecutive women (n = 73 and men (n = 27 older than 50 years presenting with a clinical vertebral or non-vertebral fracture and having osteoporosis (T-score ≤-2.5 were further evaluated clinically and by laboratory testing for the presence of contributors to secondary osteoporosis. In 27 patients, 34 contributors were previously known, in 50 patients 52 new contributors were diagnosed (mainly vitamin D deficiency in 42 and 14 needed further exploration because of laboratory abnormalities (mainly abnormal thyroid stimulating hormone in 9. The 57 patients with contributors were older (71 vs. 64 yrs, p We conclude that more than one in two patients presenting with a clinical vertebral or non-vertebral fracture and BMD-osteoporosis have secondary contributors to osteoporosis, most of which were correctable. Identifying and correcting these associated disorders will enhance treatment effect aimed at reducing the risk of subsequent fractures in patients older than 50 years.

  6. [Clinical practice guideline on closed tibial plateau fractures in adulthood].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ocegueda-Sosa, Miguel Ángel; Valenzuela-Flores, Adriana Abigail; Aldaco-García, Víctor Daniel; Flores-Aguilar, Sergio; Manilla-Lezama, Nicolás; Pérez-Hernández, Jorge

    2013-01-01

    Closed tibiae plateau fractures are common injuries in the emergency room. The optimal treatment is not well defined or established. For this reason, there are several surgical management options: open reduction and internal fixation, closed reduction and percutaneous synthesis, external fixation, and even conservative treatment for this kind of fracture. The mechanism of production of this fracture is through large varus or valgus deformation to which is added a factor of axial load. The trauma may be direct or indirect. The degree of displacement, fragmentation and involvement of soft tissues like ligaments, menisci, vascular and nerve structures are determined by the magnitude of the force exerted. Any intra-articular fracture treatment can lead to an erroneous instability, deformity and limitation of motion with subsequent arthritic changes, leading to joint incongruity, limiting activity and significantly altering the quality of life. Open reduction and internal fixation with anatomic restitution is the method used in this type of fracture. However, the results of numerous publications can be questioned due to the inclusion in the same study of fractures treated with very different methods.

  7. Hip Fracture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diseases and Conditions Hip fracture By Mayo Clinic Staff A hip fracture is a serious injury, with complications that can be life-threatening. The risk of hip fracture rises with age. Older people are at a ...

  8. Review of radiological scoring methods of osteoporotic vertebral fractures for clinical and research settings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oei, Ling [Erasmus Medical Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Erasmus Medical Center, Department of Epidemiology, P.O. Box 2040 Ee21-75, CA, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Netherlands Genomics Initiative (NGI)-sponsored Netherlands Consortium for Healthy Aging (NCHA), Rotterdam (Netherlands); Erasmus Medical Center, Departments of Internal Medicine and Epidemiology, P.O. Box 2040 Ee21-83, CA, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Rivadeneira, Fernando [Erasmus Medical Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Erasmus Medical Center, Department of Epidemiology, P.O. Box 2040 Ee21-75, CA, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Netherlands Genomics Initiative (NGI)-sponsored Netherlands Consortium for Healthy Aging (NCHA), Rotterdam (Netherlands); Erasmus Medical Center, Departments of Internal Medicine and Epidemiology, P.O. Box 2040 Ee5-79, CA, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Ly, Felisia; Breda, Stephan J. [Erasmus Medical Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Erasmus Medical Center, Department of Epidemiology, P.O. Box 2040 Ee21-75, CA, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Erasmus Medical Center, Departments of Internal Medicine and Epidemiology, P.O. Box 2040 Ee21-83, CA, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Zillikens, M.C. [Erasmus Medical Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Netherlands Genomics Initiative (NGI)-sponsored Netherlands Consortium for Healthy Aging (NCHA), Rotterdam (Netherlands); Erasmus Medical Center, Department of Internal Medicine, ' s Gravendijkwal 230, CE, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Hofman, Albert [Erasmus Medical Center, Department of Epidemiology, P.O. Box 2040 Ee21-75, CA, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Netherlands Genomics Initiative (NGI)-sponsored Netherlands Consortium for Healthy Aging (NCHA), Rotterdam (Netherlands); Uitterlinden, Andre G. [Erasmus Medical Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Erasmus Medical Center, Department of Epidemiology, P.O. Box 2040 Ee21-75, CA, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Netherlands Genomics Initiative (NGI)-sponsored Netherlands Consortium for Healthy Aging (NCHA), Rotterdam (Netherlands); Erasmus Medical Center, Departments of Internal Medicine and Epidemiology, P.O. Box 2040 Ee5-75B, CA, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Krestin, Gabriel P.; Oei, Edwin H.G. [Erasmus Medical Center, Department of Radiology, ' s Gravendijkwal 230, CE, Rotterdam (Netherlands)

    2013-02-15

    Osteoporosis is the most common metabolic bone disease; vertebral fractures are the most common osteoporotic fractures. Several radiological scoring methods using different criteria for osteoporotic vertebral fractures exist. Quantitative morphometry (QM) uses ratios derived from direct vertebral body height measurements to define fractures. Semi-quantitative (SQ) visual grading is performed according to height and area reduction. The algorithm-based qualitative (ABQ) method introduced a scheme to systematically rule out non-fracture deformities and diagnoses osteoporotic vertebral fractures based on endplate depression. The concordance across methods is currently a matter of debate. This article reviews the most commonly applied standardised radiographic scoring methods for osteoporotic vertebral fractures, attaining an impartial perspective of benefits and limitations. It provides image examples and discusses aspects that facilitate large-scale application, such as automated image analysis software and different imaging investigations. It also reviews the implications of different fracture definitions for scientific research and clinical practice. Accurate standardised scoring methods for assessing osteoporotic vertebral fractures are crucial, considering that differences in definition will have implications for patient care and scientific research. Evaluation of the feasibility and concordance among methods will allow establishing their benefits and limitations, and most importantly, optimise their effectiveness for widespread application. (orig.)

  9. Fractographic features of glass-ceramic and zirconia-based dental restorations fractured during clinical function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oilo, Marit; Hardang, Anne D; Ulsund, Amanda H; Gjerdet, Nils R

    2014-06-01

    Fractures during clinical function have been reported as the major concern associated with all-ceramic dental restorations. The aim of this study was to analyze the fracture features of glass-ceramic and zirconia-based restorations fractured during clinical use. Twenty-seven crowns and onlays were supplied by dentists and dental technicians with information about type of cement and time in function, if available. Fourteen lithium disilicate glass-ceramic restorations and 13 zirconia-based restorations were retrieved and analyzed. Fractographic features were examined using optical microscopy to determine crack initiation and crack propagation of the restorations. The material comprised fractured restorations from one canine, 10 incisors, four premolars, and 11 molars. One crown was not categorized because of difficulty in orientation of the fragments. The results revealed that all core and veneer fractures initiated in the cervical margin and usually from the approximal area close to the most coronally placed curvature of the margin. Three cases of occlusal chipping were found. The margin of dental all-ceramic single-tooth restorations was the area of fracture origin. The fracture features were similar for zirconia, glass-ceramic, and alumina single-tooth restorations. Design features seem to be of great importance for fracture initiation.

  10. Clinical results after different operative treatment methods of radial head and neck fractures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zwingmann, J; Welzel, M; Dovi-Akue, D

    2013-01-01

    was placed on extracting data describing clinical efficacy and outcome by using the Mason classification and including elbow function scores. A total of 841 clinical studies were identified describing in total the clinical follow-up of 1264 patients. RESULTS: For type II radial head and neck fractures....... If a prosthesis was implanted, the primary implantation seems to be associated with a better outcome after type III (87%) and IV (82%) fractures compared to the results after a secondary implantation. DISCUSSION: Recommendations for surgical treatment of radial head and neck fractures according to the Mason...... the significant best treatment option seems to be ORIF with an overall success rate of 98% by using screws or biodegradable (polylactide) pins. ORIF with a success rate of 92% shows the best results in the treatment of type III fractures and seem to be better than resection and implantation of a prosthesis...

  11. Clinical fracture risk evaluated by hierarchical agglomerative clustering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kruse, Christian; Eiken, P; Vestergaard, P

    2017-01-01

    profiles. INTRODUCTION: The purposes of this study were to establish and quantify patient clusters of high, average and low fracture risk using an unsupervised machine learning algorithm. METHODS: Regional and national Danish patient data on dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans, medication...... containing less than 250 subjects. Clusters were identified as high, average or low fracture risk based on bone mineral density (BMD) characteristics. Cluster-based descriptive statistics and relative Z-scores for variable means were computed. RESULTS: Ten thousand seven hundred seventy-five women were...... as low fracture risk with high to very high BMD. A mean age of 60 years was the earliest that allowed for separation of high-risk clusters. DXA scan results could identify high-risk subjects with different antiresorptive treatment compliance levels based on similarities and differences in lumbar spine...

  12. Clinical and Radiologic Predictive Factors of Rib Fractures in Outpatients With Chest Pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Liang; McMahon, Colm J; Shah, Samir; Wu, Jim S; Eisenberg, Ronald L; Kung, Justin W

    2017-05-30

    To identify the clinical and radiologic predictive factors of rib fractures in stable adult outpatients presenting with chest pain and to determine the utility of dedicated rib radiographs in this population of patients. Following Institutional Review Board approval, we performed a retrospective review of 339 consecutive cases in which a frontal chest radiograph and dedicated rib series had been obtained for chest pain in the outpatient setting. The frontal chest radiograph and dedicated rib series were sequentially reviewed in consensus by two fellowship-trained musculoskeletal radiologists blinded to the initial report. The consensus interpretation of the dedicated rib series was used as the gold standard. Multiple variable logistic regression analysis assessed clinical and radiological factors associated with rib fractures. Fisher exact test was used to assess differences in medical treatment between the 2 groups. Of the 339 patients, 53 (15.6%) had at least 1 rib fracture. Only 20 of the 53 (37.7%) patients' fractures could be identified on the frontal chest radiograph. The frontal chest radiograph had a sensitivity of 38% and specificity of 100% when using the rib series as the reference standard. No pneumothorax, new mediastinal widening or pulmonary contusion was identified. Multiple variable logistic regression analysis of clinical factors associated with the presence of rib fractures revealed a significant association of trauma history (odds ratio 5.7 [p rib fractures in this population demonstrated a significant association of pleural effusion with rib fractures (odds ratio 18.9 [p rib fractures received narcotic analgesia in 47.2% of the cases, significantly more than those without rib fractures (21.3%, p rib fractures have a higher association with a history of minor trauma and age ≥40 in the adult population. Radiographic findings associated with rib fractures include pleural effusion. The frontal chest radiograph alone has low sensitivity in

  13. Hip and fragility fracture prediction by 4-item clinical risk score and mobile heel BMD: a women cohort study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thulesius Hans

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background One in four Swedish women suffers a hip fracture yielding high morbidity and mortality. We wanted to revalidate a 4-item clinical risk score and evaluate a portable heel bone mineral density (BMD technique regarding hip and fragility fracture risk among elderly women. Methods In a population-based prospective cohort study we used clinical risk factors from a baseline questionnaire and heel BMD to predict a two-year hip and fragility fracture outcome for women, in a fracture preventive program. Calcaneal heel BMD was measured by portable dual X-ray laser absorptiometry (DXL and compared to hip BMD, measured with stationary dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA technique. Results Seven women suffered hip fracture and 14 women fragility fracture/s (at hip, radius, humerus and pelvis among 285 women; 60% having heel BMD ≤ -2.5 SD. The 4-item FRAMO (Fracture and Mortality Index combined the clinical risk factors age ≥80 years, weight Conclusions In a follow-up study we identified high risk groups for hip and fragility fracture with our plain 4-item risk model. Increased fracture risk was also related to decreasing heel BMD in calcaneal bone, measured with a mobile DXL technique. A combination of high FRAMO Index, prior fragility fracture, and very low BMD restricted the high risk group to 11%, among whom most hip fractures occurred (71%. These practical screening methods could eventually reduce hip fracture incidence by concentrating preventive resources to high fracture risk women.

  14. INCIDENCE AND CHARACTERIZATION OF ELDERLY IN THE ORTHOPEDIC CLINIC FOR FEMUR FRACTURE, CACERES MT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréia Costa Ferreira

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction:The elderly population is growing gradually in recent years, it increases theincidence of elderly people at risk of falls and hip fractures develop.Objective:To identifythe incidence and characterize elderly patients hospitalized with hip fractures in theOrthopedic Clinic of the Hospital Regional Dr º Antonio Cáceres sources.Methodology:Thisis an epidemiological, descriptive, quantitative and retrospective data collection documentbasis. The study population comprised 105.Results:It was found that the fracture of thefemur showed predominance in females, comprising 40.90% of the cases and the right lowerlimb most affected. As for location, the trochanteric fractures showed 39.04%, followed byfractures of the femoral shaftwith 27.61% of the cases. The treatment applied in 62.85% ofpatients went to surgery.Conclusion:It is concluded that the femur fracture may preclude theelderly in their daily activities.

  15. The scapular neck fracture : biomechanical, clinical and surgical aspects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Noort, Arthur van

    2005-01-01

    After a short introduction to the topics of this thesis, in chapter 2 we described the functional and radiological results of a retrospective study in patients with an ipsilateral scapular neck and clavicular shaft fracture (floating shoulder). Forty-six patients were treated between 1991 and 1996.

  16. Clinical Outcome Scoring of Intra-articular Calcaneal Fractures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Schepers (Tim); M.J. Heetveld (Martin); P.G.H. Mulder (Paul); P. Patka (Peter)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractOutcome reporting of intra-articular calcaneal fractures is inconsistent. This study aimed to identify the most cited outcome scores in the literature and to analyze their reliability and validity. A systematic literature search identified 34 different outcome scores. The most cited outc

  17. Clinical Outcome Scoring of Intra-articular Calcaneal Fractures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Schepers (Tim); M.J. Heetveld (Martin); P.G.H. Mulder (Paul); P. Patka (Peter)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractOutcome reporting of intra-articular calcaneal fractures is inconsistent. This study aimed to identify the most cited outcome scores in the literature and to analyze their reliability and validity. A systematic literature search identified 34 different outcome scores. The most cited

  18. Bone biology in the elderly: clinical importance for fracture treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rolvien Tim

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Age-related bone impairment often leads to fragility fractures in the elderly. Although excellent surgical care is widely provided, diagnosis and treatment of the underlying bone disorder are often not kept in mind. The interplay of the three major bone cells – osteoblasts, osteoclasts, and osteocytes – is normally well regulated via the secretion of messengers to control bone remodeling. Possible imbalances that might occur in the elderly are partly due to age, genetic risk factors, and adverse lifestyle factors but importantly also due to imbalances in calcium homeostasis (mostly due to vitamin D deficiency or hypochlorhydria, which have to be eliminated. Therefore, the cooperation between the trauma surgeon and the osteologist is of major importance to diagnose and treat the respective patients at risk. We propose that any patient suffering from fragility fractures is rigorously screened for osteoporosis and metabolic bone diseases. This includes bone density measurement by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, laboratory tests for calcium, phosphate, vitamin D, and bone turnover markers, as well as additional diagnostic modalities if needed. Thereby, most risk factors, including vitamin D deficiency, can be identified and treated while patients who meet the criteria for a specific therapy (i.e. antiresorptive and osteoanabolic receive such. If local health systems succeed to manage this process of secondary fracture prevention, morbidity and mortality of fragility fractures will decline to a minimum level.

  19. Clinical Analysis of Internal Fixation Treatment of Intra-articular Calcaneal Fractures with Titanium Plate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xiao-Dong; Zhang, Chang-Chun; Li, Zhao-Cheng; Zhang, Heng; Zhou, Xin-She; Deng, Min

    2015-05-01

    To explore the clinical effect of internal fixation treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures with titanium plate, we used open reduction and internal fixation with titanium plate to 48 treated feet from 42 patients with intra-articular calcaneal fractures. The efficacy of surgical treatment was evaluated based on assessment of pain, function, and line of force aspects according to the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society scoring system. Our data show that internal fixation with titanium plate is an effective treatment for calcaneal fractures. It provides satisfactory reduction, reliable fixation, and early rehabilitation.

  20. Clinical Evaluation of Direct Composite Resin Restorations in Fractured Anterior Teeth

    OpenAIRE

    Ramírez Barrantes DDS, MS, PhD, Juan Carlos; Araujo Jr DDS, MS, PhD, Edson; Narciso Baratieri DDS, MS, PhD, Luiz

    2015-01-01

    he aim of this In Vivo study was to evaluate the influence of the cavosurface angle (with bevel, and no preparation), of direct composite resin restorations in previous fractured teeth after 4 years of clinical performance. The restorations were performed by a single operator, following a restorative standardized protocol. For the study were selected 24 upper central incisors with fracture or with class IV restorations with an indication of replacement. According to the restorative technique,...

  1. Traumatic odontoid process synchondrosis fracture with atlantoaxial instability in a calf: clinical presentation and imaging findings

    OpenAIRE

    Hülsmeyer, Velia-Isabel; Flatz, Katharina; Putschbach, Katrin; Bechter, Martina Ramona; Weiler, Sebastian; Fischer, Andrea; Feist, Melanie

    2015-01-01

    A 6-week-old female Simmental calf was evaluated for acute non-ambulatory tetraparesis. Physical and laboratory examinations revealed no clinically relevant abnormalities. Neurological findings were consistent with acute, progressive and painful cervical myelopathy. Radiographs displayed a fractured odontoid process (dens axis) and vertebral step misalignment at the fracture site. A traumatic origin was suspected. Advanced diagnostic imaging was considered to allow better planning of potentia...

  2. Cable plates and onlay allografts in periprosthetic femoral fractures after hip replacement: laboratory and clinical observations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howell, Jonathan R; Masri, Bassam A; Garbuz, Donald S; Greidanus, Nelson V; Duncan, Clive P

    2004-01-01

    Fractures of the femur after total hip replacement are an increasingly common and technically challenging problem. The results of nonsurgical treatment are poor. When the general condition of the patient allows, these injuries should be treated surgically. Several surgical treatments can be used to treat these fractures, and classification of the fracture assists the surgeon in the choice of procedure. Over the past decade, cable plate fixation systems and onlay strut allografts have become two of the most commonly used methods of fixation for fractures associated with hip prostheses. The ideal method of fixation is yet to be determined. However, laboratory studies have shown that dual fixation using either a lateral plate and anterior strut graft or two strut grafts produces the strongest construct. Cables rather than smooth wires should be used for fixation, and fixation strength increases with the number of cables used. The use of screws proximally produces a strong fixation but there are theoretical disadvantages to using screws around a femoral implant. Clinical data show high rates of fracture union using cable plate fixation, cortical onlay allograft fixation, and combined fixation methods for fractures that occur around well-fixed implants. Results have been less encouraging when these techniques have been used to fix fractures around prostheses that are either loose or malaligned; such fractures are better managed by revision of the femoral component to a long-stemmed device. Care should also be taken when there has been previous periosteal stripping of the femur because this may predispose to fracture nonunion. Periprosthetic fractures of the femur are a complex surgical problem and require specialized training in a range of surgical techniques.

  3. Avulsion Fractures of the Knee: Imaging Findings and Clinical Significance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babak Sanei

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The knee is an intricate joint with numerous tendinous, ligamentous, and meniscal attachments, which make it particularly vulnerable to complex injuries after trauma. A variety of avulsion fractures of the knee can occur, including Segond and reverse Segond fractures; avulsions of the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments; arcuate complex avulsion; iliotibial band avulsion; avulsions of the biceps femoris, semimembranous, and quadriceps tendons; Sinding-Larsen-Johansson syndrome; and Osgood- Schlatter disease. These fractures often have a subtle appearance at conventional radiography, which is typically the first imaging modality performed in these cases. Advanced imaging modalities, particularly magnetic resonance imaging, are helpful and can provide valuable additional information for adequately defining the extent of damage. The onus is on the radiologist to identify the pattern of injury and to understand the substantial underlying damage that it frequently represents. Conveying this information to the referring clinician is crucial and represents the first step toward additional evaluation and probable orthopedic referral. By recognizing the significance of these injuries at initial presentation, radiologists can facilitate appropriate patient work-up and prevent the chronic morbidity associated with delayed treatment.

  4. Ankylosing spondylitis confers substantially increased risk of clinical spine fractures : a nationwide case-control study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Prieto-Alhambra, D; Muñoz-Ortego, J; De Vries, F; Vosse, D; Arden, N K; Bowness, P; Cooper, C; Diez-Perez, A; Vestergaard, P

    2015-01-01

    UNLABELLED: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) leads to osteopenia/osteoporosis and spine rigidity. We conducted a case-control study and found that AS-affected patients have a 5-fold and 50 % increased risk of clinical spine and all clinical fractures, respectively. Excess risk of both is highest in the f

  5. CLINICAL FEATURES AND PATTERN OF FRACTURES AT THE TIME OF DIAGNOSIS OF OSTEOGENESIS IMPERFECTA IN CHILDREN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brizola, Evelise; Zambrano, Marina Bauer; Pinheiro, Bruna de Souza; Vanz, Ana Paula; Félix, Têmis Maria

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objective: To characterize the fracture pattern and the clinical history at the time of diagnosis of osteogenesis imperfecta. Methods: In this retrospective study, all patients with osteogenesis imperfecta, of both genders, aged 0-18 years, who were treated between 2002 and 2014 were included. Medical records were assessed to collect clinical data, including the presence of blue sclerae, dentinogenesis imperfecta, positive familial history of osteogenesis imperfecta, and the site of the fractures. In addition, radiographic findings at the time of the diagnosis were reviewed. Results: Seventy-six patients (42 females) were included in the study. Individuals’ age ranged from 0 to 114 months, with a median (interquartile range) age of 38 (6-96) months. Blue sclerae were present in 93.4% of patients, dentinogenesis imperfecta was observed in 27.6% of patients, and wormian bones in 29.4% of them. The number of fractures at diagnosis ranged from 0 to 17, with a median of 3 (2-8) fractures. Forty (57%) patients had fractures of the upper and lower extremities, and 9 patients also had spinal fractures. The diagnosis was performed at birth in 85.7% of patients with type 3, and 39.3% of those with type 4/5 of the disorder. Conclusions: Osteogenesis imperfecta is a genetic disorder with distinctive clinical features such as bone fragility, recurrent fractures, blue sclerae, and dentinogenesis imperfecta. It is important to know how to identify these characteristics in order to facilitate the diagnosis, optimize the treatment, and differentiate osteogenesis imperfecta from other disorders that also can lead to fractures. PMID:28977334

  6. CLINICAL FEATURES AND PATTERN OF FRACTURES AT THE TIME OF DIAGNOSIS OF OSTEOGENESIS IMPERFECTA IN CHILDREN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brizola, Evelise; Zambrano, Marina Bauer; Pinheiro, Bruna de Souza; Vanz, Ana Paula; Félix, Têmis Maria

    2017-01-01

    To characterize the fracture pattern and the clinical history at the time of diagnosis of osteogenesis imperfecta. In this retrospective study, all patients with osteogenesis imperfecta, of both genders, aged 0-18 years, who were treated between 2002 and 2014 were included. Medical records were assessed to collect clinical data, including the presence of blue sclerae, dentinogenesis imperfecta, positive familial history of osteogenesis imperfecta, and the site of the fractures. In addition, radiographic findings at the time of the diagnosis were reviewed. Seventy-six patients (42 females) were included in the study. Individuals' age ranged from 0 to 114 months, with a median (interquartile range) age of 38 (6-96) months. Blue sclerae were present in 93.4% of patients, dentinogenesis imperfecta was observed in 27.6% of patients, and wormian bones in 29.4% of them. The number of fractures at diagnosis ranged from 0 to 17, with a median of 3 (2-8) fractures. Forty (57%) patients had fractures of the upper and lower extremities, and 9 patients also had spinal fractures. The diagnosis was performed at birth in 85.7% of patients with type 3, and 39.3% of those with type 4/5 of the disorder. Osteogenesis imperfecta is a genetic disorder with distinctive clinical features such as bone fragility, recurrent fractures, blue sclerae, and dentinogenesis imperfecta. It is important to know how to identify these characteristics in order to facilitate the diagnosis, optimize the treatment, and differentiate osteogenesis imperfecta from other disorders that also can lead to fractures.

  7. Experimental study and clinical observation of minimum-contact plate in long bone fracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Xin-jian; FEI Jun; WANG Zheng-guo; YU Hong-jun; SUN Jun

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To sutdy the mechanical properties and the clinical results of minimum-contact plate in the treatment of fractures. Methods: Four-point bending and torsion tests were conducted to compare the new minimum contact plate (MCP) with dynamic compression plate (DCP) and limited contact dynamic compression plate (LC-DCP). The fracture healing time and growth of bony callus were observed in 29 cases of long bone fracture fixed with MCP to evaluate the advantages of this kind of plate. Results: The 29 patients who underwent MCP were followed up from 6 to 14 months. The average healing time for femoral, tibial and humeral fractures was 12, 13 and 10 weeks, respectively. All fractures were healed. No displacement of fracture, screw pullout, deformation or break of the plate were found. Conclusions: The bending stiffness of MCP is significantly greater than that of DCP and LC-DCP (P<0.05). MCP can protect the periosteal blood supply against avascular osseous necrosis and accelerate bone healing. It is a kind of reliable and effective plate in treatment of fractures.

  8. Case series: a clinical study of 27 cases of dentoalveolar root fractures in children and adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirzioglu, Z; Koseler Sentut, T; Karayilmaz, H; Ozay Erturk, S

    2008-06-01

    This was to assess fracture type, treatment delay, splinting periods and various treatment methods on periradicular healing of root fractures in a group of patients attending a Paediatric Dentistry clinic. Records and radiographs of children with root-fractured teeth, referred during 1999-2003, were assessed. Correlation analysis was performed using Spearman rank test. There were 27 root-fractured teeth in 20 patients aged between 8-18 years. One root-fracture occurred in 13 patients (65%) and 7 (35%) had two root-fractured teeth; all maxillary teeth and the most affected teeth were central, followed by lateral, incisors. Only 4 patients were seen on the day of the trauma. The commonest cause of injury was a fall (12 patients), followed by collisions, bicycle and motorcycle accidents. Treatments consisted of: splinting, splinting+pulp therapy, extraction of coronal fragment accompanied with orthodontic interventions and restorative procedures, and surgical operations. Healing was related to treatment delay, location and type of fracture, and splinting time. Statistical analysis showed significant correlations only between healing type and splinting time. Preventive educational programs concerning traumatic dental injuries are needed in Turkey and mandatory use of mouthguards and preventive use of helmets with bicycles and motorcycles.

  9. Three-Dimensional Assessment of Bilateral Symmetry of the Scaphoid: An Anatomic Study

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    Paul W. L. ten Berg

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Preoperative 3D CT imaging techniques provide displacement analysis of the distal scaphoid fragment in 3D space, using the matched opposite scaphoid as reference. Its accuracy depends on the presence of anatomical bilateral symmetry, which has not been investigated yet using similar techniques. Our purpose was to investigate symmetry by comparing the relative positions of distal and proximal poles between sides. We used bilateral CT scans of 19 adult healthy volunteers to obtain 3D scaphoid models. Left proximal and distal poles were matched to corresponding mirrored right sides. The left-to-right positional differences between poles were quantified in terms of three translational and three rotational parameters. The mean (SD of ulnar, dorsal, and distal translational differences of distal poles relative to proximal poles was 0.1 (0.6; 0.4 (1.2; 0.2 (0.6 mm and that of palmar rotation, ulnar deviation, and pronation differences was −1.1 (4.9; −1.5 (3.3; 1.0 (3.7°, respectively. These differences did not significantly differ from zero and thus were not biased to left or right side. We proved that, on average, the articular surfaces of scaphoid poles were symmetrically aligned in 3D space. This suggests that the contralateral scaphoid can serve as reference in corrective surgery. No level of evidence is available.

  10. Percutaneous elastic intramedullary nailing of metacarpal fractures: Surgical technique and clinical results study

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    Farook Mohamed Z

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background We reviewed our results and complications of using a pre-bent 1.6 mm Kirschner wire (K-wire for extra-articular metacarpal fractures. The surgical procedure was indicated for angulation at the fracture site in a true lateral radiograph of at least 30 degrees and/or in the presence of a rotatory deformity. Methods A single K-wire is pre-bent in a lazy-S fashion with a sharp bend at approximately 5 millimeters and a longer smooth curve bent in the opposite direction. An initial entry point is made at the base of the metacarpal using a 2.5 mm drill by hand. The K-wire is inserted blunt end first in an antegrade manner and the fracture reduced as the wire is passed across the fracture site. With the wire acting as three-point fixation, early mobilisation is commenced at the metacarpo-phalangeal joint in a Futuro hand splint. The wire is usually removed with pliers post-operatively at four weeks in the fracture clinic. Results We studied internal fixation of 18 little finger and 2 ring finger metacarpal fractures from November 2007 to August 2009. The average age of the cohort was 25 years with 3 women and 17 men. The predominant mechanism was a punch injury with 5 diaphyseal and 15 metacarpal neck fractures. The time to surgical intervention was a mean 13 days (range 4 to 28 days. All fractures proceeded to bony union. The wire was extracted at an average of 4.4 weeks (range three to six weeks. At an average follow up of 8 weeks, one fracture had to be revised for failed fixation and three superficial wound infections needed antibiotic treatment. Conclusions With this simple and minimally invasive technique performed as day-case surgery, all patients were able to start mobilisation immediately. The general outcome was good hand function with few complications.

  11. Incidence and clinical significance of zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture involving the temporomandibular joint with emphasis on trismus

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    Chia-Ming Chang

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Trismus is frequently a sequel of temporomandibular joint (TMJ involvement in a zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC fracture. Although trismus is commonly observed in patients with ZMC fracture, continuous follow-up examinations of their degree of mouth opening have rarely been documented. The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the incidence and clinical significance of ZMC fracture involving the glenoid fossa or articular eminence of the TMJ with an emphasis on trismus. The medical and computed tomography (CT imaging data of 28 patients with ZMC fracture treated by oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMFSs (OMFS group and 174 patients with ZMC fracture treated by surgeons other than OMFSs (non-OMFS group between May 2002 and May 2006 were reviewed. Maximal interincisal opening (MIO less than 35 mm or three-finger width was considered limited mouth opening and indicative of trismus. Preoperative CT imaging data indicated that about 64% (18/28 and 50% (87/174 of the patients in the OMFS and non-OMFS groups, respectively, had a ZMC fracture involving the TMJ. Among these OMFS patients, 17 (94.40% patients had limited mouth opening (MIO range, 7–33 mm preoperatively, which improved markedly postoperatively. Among the non-OMFS patients with such fractures, 42 (48.3% patients had trismus preoperatively and two retained trismus postoperatively. Lack of proper preoperative CT images, inadequate postoperative follow-up protocol, and/or neglect by patients and medical staff could influence the outcomes of ZMC fracture involving the TMJ. We make recommendations for reducing the risk of complications subsequent to ZMC fracture involving the TMJ.

  12. Incidence and clinical significance of zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture involving the temporomandibular joint with emphasis on trismus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Chia-Ming; Ko, Edward C; Kao, Chu-Chiang; Chang, Pei-Ying; Chen, Michael Y C

    2012-06-01

    Trismus is frequently a sequel of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) involvement in a zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fracture. Although trismus is commonly observed in patients with ZMC fracture, continuous follow-up examinations of their degree of mouth opening have rarely been documented. The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the incidence and clinical significance of ZMC fracture involving the glenoid fossa or articular eminence of the TMJ with an emphasis on trismus. The medical and computed tomography (CT) imaging data of 28 patients with ZMC fracture treated by oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMFSs) (OMFS group) and 174 patients with ZMC fracture treated by surgeons other than OMFSs (non-OMFS group) between May 2002 and May 2006 were reviewed. Maximal interincisal opening (MIO) less than 35 mm or three-finger width was considered limited mouth opening and indicative of trismus. Preoperative CT imaging data indicated that about 64% (18/28) and 50% (87/174) of the patients in the OMFS and non-OMFS groups, respectively, had a ZMC fracture involving the TMJ. Among these OMFS patients, 17 (94.40%) patients had limited mouth opening (MIO range, 7-33 mm) preoperatively, which improved markedly postoperatively. Among the non-OMFS patients with such fractures, 42 (48.3%) patients had trismus preoperatively and two retained trismus postoperatively. Lack of proper preoperative CT images, inadequate postoperative follow-up protocol, and/or neglect by patients and medical staff could influence the outcomes of ZMC fracture involving the TMJ. We make recommendations for reducing the risk of complications subsequent to ZMC fracture involving the TMJ. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  13. A CLINICAL STUDY ON SURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF TIBIAL PLATEAU FRACTURES - FUNCTIONAL AND RADIOLOGICAL EVALUATION

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    Bhavani

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Tremendous advance in mechanization and fastness of travel have been accompanied by steep increase in number and severity of fractures and those of tibial plateau are no exception. Knee being one of the major weight bearing joints of the body, fractures around it will be of paramount importance. AIM OF STUDY: This study is to analyze the functional outcome of CRIF or ORIF with or without bone grafting in tibial plateau fractures in adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 30 cases of tibial plateau fractures treated by various modalities were studied from 1 - 8 - 2012 to 31 - 1 - 2014 at our institution and followed for a minimum of 6 months. Fractures were evaluated using Modified Rasmussen’s Clinical, Radiological grading system. RESULTS : The selected patients were evaluated thoroughly and after the relevant investigations, were taken for surgery. The fractures were classified as per the SCHATZKER’S types and operated accordingly with CRIF with Percutaneous cannulated cancellous screws, ORIF with buttress plate/LCP with or without bone grafting. Immobilization of fractures continued for 3 weeks by POP slab. Early range of motion was then started. Weight bearing up to 6 - 8 weeks was not allowed. The full weight bearing deferred until 12 weeks or complete fracture union . The knee range of motion was excellent to very good, gait and weight bearing after complete union was satisfactory, knee stiffness in 3 cases , wound dehiscence and infection in 1 case and non - union in none of our cases was noted. CONCLUSION: Functional outcome is better in operatively treated tibial plateau fractures in adults, because it gives excellent anatomical reduction and rigid fixation to restore articular congruity and early motion thereby preventing knee stiffness.

  14. Clinical results of olecranon fractures treated with multiplanar locked intramedullary nailing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Argintar, Evan; Cohen, Mark; Eglseder, Andrew; Edwards, Scott

    2013-03-01

    Proximal ulnar fractures have traditionally been fixed with either tension band wiring or plate and screw fixation. These traditional techniques often irritate the surrounding soft tissues, potentially leading to subsequent secondary hardware removal surgeries. Intramedullary proximal ulnar fixation provides similar rigid fixation, however, no review yet exists to support the clinical use of currently available implants. To investigate the clinical and radiographic short-term outcomes for multiplanar locked intramedullary nails used to treat proximal ulnar fractures. A retrospective multicenter review was conducted in 28 patients with unstable olecranon fractures treated with a new multiplanar locked intramedullary nailing system (OlecraNail, Mylad Orthopedic Solutions, McLean, VA). Radiographic union was estimated, and serial clinical outcome up to one year was assessed by strength, motion, pain (visual analog scale), and a subcutaneous ulna border palpation (SCUBP) test to assess hardware prominence. All fractures achieved union by 8 weeks. At 12 weeks postoperatively, all motion was within 10 degrees of the contralateral side in all directions. Of the 18 patients who underwent SCUBP testing, all 18 patients reported to have no pain at 12 weeks. At one-year follow-up, all patients had resumed normal activities, including work and athletics. All of the patients who underwent the SCUBP testing continued to have no pain. Multiplanar locked intramedullary nails offer effective management for proximal ulna fractures similar to those reported with plating techniques. Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

  15. Clinical evaluation of fractured metal-ceramic fixed dental prostheses repaired with indirect technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galiatsatos, Aristidis A; Galiatsatos, Panagiotis A

    2015-03-01

    Metal ceramic restorations continue to be widely used in dental practice, as they combine esthetics with superior mechanical properties. However, ceramic materials have the potential to fracture due to their brittle nature. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical survival of fractured metal-ceramic restorations repaired with an indirect technique which uses a new "overlay" metal-ceramic crown that is luted to the existing restoration. The study population consisted of 92 patients. Only patients with one or more fractured retainers of multipleunit metal-ceramic fixed partial dentures were involved in this study. In all cases there were a bulk fracture of the overlaying ceramic material and exposure of the underlying metal substructure. The remaining retainers of the fixed partial dentures were intact. The total number of fractured retainers was 106. All clinical procedures of the indirect repairs were carried out by a single investigator, according the previously published technique. The patients were examined clinically at 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 years after placement of the new restorations. The repaired restorations were examined for debonding, fracture rate, and esthetics. Patient acceptance was also recorded. Of the 92 patients re-examined, all were satisfied with the function and the esthetic appearance of their restorations. None of the repaired restorations fractured after 8 years of service, and there were no gingival margin problems of significance. Four restorations debonded during the evaluation period. The overall survival rate was 96.2% after 8 years. Repair methodology and materials employed in this study resulted in satisfactory longevity for metal-ceramic dental prostheses. The success rate was 96.2% after 8 years. The retention rate was very good, patient satisfaction was very encouraging, and maintenance of the esthetics was good.

  16. Condroblastoma de escafoides carpiano Chondroblastoma of the carpal scaphoids

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    F.J. Repáraz

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available El condroblastoma es un tumor benigno de origen cartilaginoso que representa menos del 1% de todos los tumores óseos primarios. Se localiza típicamente en la epífisis de los huesos largos. Un 10% de los condroblastomas afectan a huesos del pie y de la mano. El asiento de esta lesión en el carpo es extraordinariamente raro. Se presenta un caso de condroblastoma del escafoides del carpo que fue tratado mediante curetaje de la lesión y relleno con injerto óseo autólogo de cresta iliaca.A chondroblastoma is a benign tumour of cartilaginous origin which represents less than 1% of all primary osseous tumours. It is typically localised in the epiphysis of the long bones. Some 10% of chondroblastomas affect the bones of the foot and the hand. It is extremely rare for the seat of this lesion to be in the carpal bones. We present a case of chondroblastoma of the carpal scaphoids that was treated through curretage of the lesion and filling with autologous osseous graft from the iliac crest.

  17. Salvage of a post-traumatic arthritic wrist using the scaphoid as an osteochondral graft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcuzzi, A; Ozben, H; Russomando, A

    2014-09-01

    The authors describe a case of post-traumatic wrist arthritis with an osteochondral defect in the scaphoid fossa of the radius. The patient was treated with proximal row carpectomy, radial styloidectomy and reconstruction of the defect using the proximal half of the scaphoid as an autologous osteochondral graft. Pain relief was achieved while wrist motion and strength were improved. The carpal bones are a source of osteochondral grafts and can be used to expand the indications of motion-preserving wrist salvage procedures.

  18. Subchondral insufficiency fractures of the femoral head: associated imaging findings and predictors of clinical progression

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hackney, Lauren A.; Joseph, Gabby B.; Link, Thomas M. [University of California, San Francisco, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, San Francisco, CA (United States); Lee, Min Hee [University of California, San Francisco, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, San Francisco, CA (United States); University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Vail, Thomas P. [University of California, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, San Francisco, CA (United States)

    2016-06-15

    To characterize the morphology and imaging findings of femoral head subchondral insufficiency fractures (SIF), and to investigate clinical outcomes in relation to imaging findings. Fifty-one patients with hip/pelvis magnetic resonance (MR) images and typical SIF characteristics were identified and reviewed by two radiologists. Thirty-five patients had follow-up documentation allowing assessment of clinical outcome. Subgroup comparisons were performed using regression models adjusted for age and body mass index. SIF were frequently associated with cartilage loss (35/47, 74.5 %), effusion (33/42, 78.6 %), synovitis (29/44, 66 %), and bone marrow oedema pattern (BMEP) (average cross-sectional area 885.7 ± 730.2 mm{sup 2}). Total hip arthroplasty (THA) was required in 16/35 patients, at an average of 6 months post-MRI. Compared to the THA cohort, the non-THA group had significantly (p < 0.05) smaller overlying cartilage defect size (10 mm vs. 29 mm), smaller band length ratio and fracture diameters, and greater incidence of parallel fracture morphology (p < 0.05). Male gender and increased age were significantly associated with progression, p < 0.05. SIF were associated with synovitis, cartilage loss, effusion, and BMEP. Male gender and increased age had a significant association with progression to THA, as did band length ratio, fracture diameter, cartilage defect size, and fracture deformity/morphology. (orig.)

  19. Rib fracture after stereotactic radiotherapy for primary lung cancer: prevalence, degree of clinical symptoms, and risk factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background As stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) is a highly dose-dense radiotherapy, adverse events of neighboring normal tissues are a major concern. This study thus aimed to clarify the frequency and degree of clinical symptoms in patients with rib fractures after SBRT for primary lung cancer and to reveal risk factors for rib fracture. Appropriate α/β ratios for discriminating between fracture and non-fracture groups were also investigated. Methods Between November 2001 and April 2009, 177 patients who had undergone SBRT were evaluated for clinical symptoms and underwent follow-up thin-section computed tomography (CT). The time of rib fracture appearance was also assessed. Cox proportional hazard modeling was performed to identify risk factors for rib fracture, using independent variables of age, sex, maximum tumor diameter, radiotherapeutic method and tumor-chest wall distance. Dosimetric details were analyzed for 26 patients with and 22 randomly-sampled patients without rib fracture. Biologically effective dose (BED) was calculated with a range of α/β ratios (1–10 Gy). Receiver operating characteristics analysis was used to define the most appropriate α/β ratio. Results Rib fracture was found on follow-up thin-section CT in 41 patients. The frequency of chest wall pain in patients with rib fracture was 34.1% (14/41), and was classified as Grade 1 or 2. Significant risk factors for rib fracture were smaller tumor-chest wall distance and female sex. Area under the curve was maximal for BED at an α/β ratio of 8 Gy. Conclusions Rib fracture is frequently seen on CT after SBRT for lung cancer. Small tumor-chest wall distance and female sex are risk factors for rib fracture. However, clinical symptoms are infrequent and generally mild. When using BED analysis, an α/β ratio of 8 Gy appears most effective for discriminating between fracture and non-fracture patients. PMID:23391264

  20. Rib fracture after stereotactic radiotherapy for primary lung cancer: prevalence, degree of clinical symptoms, and risk factors

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    Nambu Atsushi

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background As stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT is a highly dose-dense radiotherapy, adverse events of neighboring normal tissues are a major concern. This study thus aimed to clarify the frequency and degree of clinical symptoms in patients with rib fractures after SBRT for primary lung cancer and to reveal risk factors for rib fracture. Appropriate α/β ratios for discriminating between fracture and non-fracture groups were also investigated. Methods Between November 2001 and April 2009, 177 patients who had undergone SBRT were evaluated for clinical symptoms and underwent follow-up thin-section computed tomography (CT. The time of rib fracture appearance was also assessed. Cox proportional hazard modeling was performed to identify risk factors for rib fracture, using independent variables of age, sex, maximum tumor diameter, radiotherapeutic method and tumor-chest wall distance. Dosimetric details were analyzed for 26 patients with and 22 randomly-sampled patients without rib fracture. Biologically effective dose (BED was calculated with a range of α/β ratios (1–10 Gy. Receiver operating characteristics analysis was used to define the most appropriate α/β ratio. Results Rib fracture was found on follow-up thin-section CT in 41 patients. The frequency of chest wall pain in patients with rib fracture was 34.1% (14/41, and was classified as Grade 1 or 2. Significant risk factors for rib fracture were smaller tumor-chest wall distance and female sex. Area under the curve was maximal for BED at an α/β ratio of 8 Gy. Conclusions Rib fracture is frequently seen on CT after SBRT for lung cancer. Small tumor-chest wall distance and female sex are risk factors for rib fracture. However, clinical symptoms are infrequent and generally mild. When using BED analysis, an α/β ratio of 8 Gy appears most effective for discriminating between fracture and non-fracture patients.

  1. Rib fracture after stereotactic radiotherapy for primary lung cancer: prevalence, degree of clinical symptoms, and risk factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nambu, Atsushi; Onishi, Hiroshi; Aoki, Shinichi; Tominaga, Licht; Kuriyama, Kengo; Araya, Masayuki; Saito, Ryoh; Maehata, Yoshiyasu; Komiyama, Takafumi; Marino, Kan; Koshiishi, Tsuyota; Sawada, Eiichi; Araki, Tsutomu

    2013-02-07

    As stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) is a highly dose-dense radiotherapy, adverse events of neighboring normal tissues are a major concern. This study thus aimed to clarify the frequency and degree of clinical symptoms in patients with rib fractures after SBRT for primary lung cancer and to reveal risk factors for rib fracture. Appropriate α/β ratios for discriminating between fracture and non-fracture groups were also investigated. Between November 2001 and April 2009, 177 patients who had undergone SBRT were evaluated for clinical symptoms and underwent follow-up thin-section computed tomography (CT). The time of rib fracture appearance was also assessed. Cox proportional hazard modeling was performed to identify risk factors for rib fracture, using independent variables of age, sex, maximum tumor diameter, radiotherapeutic method and tumor-chest wall distance. Dosimetric details were analyzed for 26 patients with and 22 randomly-sampled patients without rib fracture. Biologically effective dose (BED) was calculated with a range of α/β ratios (1-10 Gy). Receiver operating characteristics analysis was used to define the most appropriate α/β ratio. Rib fracture was found on follow-up thin-section CT in 41 patients. The frequency of chest wall pain in patients with rib fracture was 34.1% (14/41), and was classified as Grade 1 or 2. Significant risk factors for rib fracture were smaller tumor-chest wall distance and female sex. Area under the curve was maximal for BED at an α/β ratio of 8 Gy. Rib fracture is frequently seen on CT after SBRT for lung cancer. Small tumor-chest wall distance and female sex are risk factors for rib fracture. However, clinical symptoms are infrequent and generally mild. When using BED analysis, an α/β ratio of 8 Gy appears most effective for discriminating between fracture and non-fracture patients.

  2. Clinical management of crown-root fracture due to occlusal interference

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    This clinical report describes a crown-root fracture of the upper right central incisor associated with compromised anterior dental aesthetics. Occlusal adjustment and aesthetic rehabilitation were achieved by using single-tooth restorations with IPS e.max Press®. The precepts of occlusion were observed to establish an optimal occlusion in terms of static and dynamic mandibular movement. Five-year follow-up demonstrated that the clinical protocol used was successful, providing periodontal tis...

  3. CLINICAL FEATURES AND PATTERN OF FRACTURES AT THE TIME OF DIAGNOSIS OF OSTEOGENESIS IMPERFECTA IN CHILDREN

    OpenAIRE

    Brizola,Evelise; Zambrano,Marina Bauer; Pinheiro,Bruna de Souza; Vanz, Ana Paula; F?lix, T?mis Maria

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objective: To characterize the fracture pattern and the clinical history at the time of diagnosis of osteogenesis imperfecta. Methods: In this retrospective study, all patients with osteogenesis imperfecta, of both genders, aged 0-18 years, who were treated between 2002 and 2014 were included. Medical records were assessed to collect clinical data, including the presence of blue sclerae, dentinogenesis imperfecta, positive familial history of osteogenesis imperfecta, and the site of ...

  4. A STUDY OF CLINICAL AND SURGICAL OUTCOME OF FRACTURE NECK OF FEMUR

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    Anish G. Cherian

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Fracture neck of femur has high incidence of complications even with treatment, hence it is also termed as unsolved fracture. Factors making treatment difficult are the blood supply to head, which gets cut off and difficulty in achieving reduction. Impacted fractures can be treated conservatively. If the fracture is undisplaced, a conservative approach may be done or multiple cancellous screws can be used. If the patient’s age is less than 60 years, a closed reduction under C-arm control can be tried. If the reduction is possible, then multiple screw fixations can be done. If reduction is not achieved, then open screw reduction and screw fixation can be done. If the patient is above 60 years of age, then it is preferable to excise the head off and replace it with prosthesis. If the hip is normal, then hemiarthroplasty with a unipolar or bipolar prosthesis can be done. If the hip has pre-existing arthritis, then total hip replacement surgery is advisable. A sincere effort has been put to understand the clinical and surgical outcome of fracture neck of femur in elderly. This paper is intended to help the practicing orthopaedicians to understand the various treatment modalities which is commonly used in practice and also the complications which are associated with the pathology. METHODS  The study was done in the Department of Orthopaedics, Travancore Medical College at Kollam.  The study was done from August 2014 to June 2016.  Eighty cases who attended in the Department of Orthopaedics were taken for the study.  Detailed History and Clinical Examination was conducted. INCLUSION CRITERIA  Both traumatic and pathological fractures were taken up for the study.  Individuals who were aged more than 55 years were taken up for the study. EXCLUSION CRITERIA  Aged less than 55 years were not considered.  All the statistical analysis was done using the latest SPSS software 2015 (California. RESULT Fracture neck of femur

  5. 石膏固定和空心螺钉内固定修复腕部舟状骨新鲜骨折:功能恢复比较%Plaster fixationversus cannulated screw internal fixation for the wrist scaphoid bone fresh fracture:comparison of functional recovery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卡依沙尔•买买提明; 赵岩

    2015-01-01

      结果与结论:随访3-6个月对比分析石膏组和空心螺钉组患者腕关节功能Cooney评分,空心螺钉组优9例,良1例,可1例,差0例;石膏组优1例,良5例,可3例,差2例,空心螺钉组患者治疗后优良率为91%,石膏组患者治疗后优良率为55%,空心螺钉组显著高于石膏组(t=4.817,P OBJECTIVE:To compare and analyze functional recovery of the wrist scaphoid bone fresh fracture after plaster fixation and internal fixation. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with wrist scaphoid bone fresh fracture were recruited from the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from March 2012 to March 2014, and the injury time was 2 hours to 12 days. Preoperative X-ray films revealed that, the involved patients had no wrist scaphoid bone colapses, lunate bone dislocation, ischemic necrosis of bone and osseous changes. Al the cases showed shift, unstable fractures. According to the patient’s wiling and the surgical method, the involved patients were divided into two groups, receiving plaster fixation and cannulated screw internal fixation respectively. Each group contained 11 cases. Wrist joint function was evaluated using Cooney score system. There was no significant difference in the age distribution and gender between the two groups (P > 0.05). RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: At 3-6 months of folow-up, wrist joint function of patients in the two groups was compared and analyzed with Cooney scores. According to the Cooney scores, nine cases in internal fixation group were excelent, 1 good, 1 fair and none poor; one case in plaster fixation group was excelent, 5 good, 3 fair, and 2 poor. The excelent and good rate in the internal fixation group was significantly higher than that in the plaster fixation group (91%, 55%,t=4.817,P < 0.05). Although plaster fixation has certain effects on wrist scaphoid bone fresh fracture, open reduction and canulated screw fixation has obvious effect and promotes the

  6. Incidence of Deformation and Fracture of Twisted File Adaptive Instruments after Repeated Clinical Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gambarini, Gianluca; Piasecki, Lucila; Miccoli, Gabriele; Di Giorgio, Gianni; Carneiro, Everdan; Al-Sudani, Dina; Testarelli, Luca

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objectives The aim of the present study was to investigate the incidence of deformation and fracture of twisted file adaptive nickel-titanium instruments after repeated clinical use and to identify and check whether the three instruments within the small/medium sequence showed similar or different visible signs of metal fatigue. Material and Methods One-hundred twenty twisted file adaptive (TFA) packs were collected after clinically used to prepare three molars and were inspected for deformations and fracture. Results The overall incidence of deformation was 22.2%, which was not evenly distributed within the instruments: 15% for small/medium (SM)1 (n = 18), 38.33% for SM2 (n = 46) and 13.33% for the SM3 instruments (n = 16). The defect rate of SM2 instruments was statistically higher than the other two (P < 0.001). The fracture rate was 0.83% (n = 3), being two SM2 instruments and one SM3. Conclusions It was observed a very low defect rate after clinical use of twisted file adaptive rotary instruments. The untwisting of flutes was significantly more frequent than fracture, which might act as prevention for breakage. The results highlight the fact that clinicians should be aware that instruments within a sequence might be differently subjected to intracanal stress. PMID:28154749

  7. Complete denture wearing and fractures among edentulous patients treated in university clinics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takamiya, Aline S; Monteiro, Douglas R; Marra, Juliê; Compagnoni, Marco A; Barbosa, Debora B

    2012-06-01

    The prevalence of wearing and fracture of complete dentures was evaluated among edentulous patients treated in two dental schools in Brazil. Acceptance and wearing of complete dentures are related to adaptive behaviour of edentulous patients. However, one reason that could interfere with the wearing dentures is their potential to fracture, which is still a common complication in denture rehabilitation practice. Two hundred and twenty-four edentulous patients rehabilitated with complete dentures from 2000 to 2005 in Araçatuba and Araraquara Dental School, University of State of São Paulo, were assessed in 2006 and 2007 to answer a questionnaire about wearing and fracture of their dentures. Statistical analysis were performed using Epi Info software and chi-squared test to compare maxillary and mandibular data (α = 0.05). Almost 26% of the patients did not wear their dentures, and among the remainder, the majority wore the maxillary denture. About 30% of the dentures were fractured, with higher prevalence in the maxillary arch (p = 0.003). Discontinuation of wearing dentures was quite high, especially considering the treatment which was carried out in university clinics. Prevalence of fractures was also high, greater for the maxillary denture, and was one of the main reasons for non-wearing of complete dentures. © 2011 The Gerodontology Society and John Wiley & Sons A/S.

  8. A PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF CLINICAL OUTCOME AFTER USING LIGAMENTOTAXIS IN MANAGEMENT OF DISTAL RADIUS FRACTURES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chandrashekhar V. Mudgal

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND A study was done to evaluate the effect of the ligamentotaxis in the management of intraarticular fractures of the distal radius. MATERIALS AND METHODS 34 patients were studied prospectively between March 2014 and February 2016. All patients had intraarticular fracture of distal end of radius and all were treated with ligamentotaxis after closed reduction with fluoroscopic guidance. The follow-up period was 12 months. At the time of surgery, the mean age was 45.29 years. RESULTS In all fracture cases, the mean of fracture union was 5.8 weeks. During the final follow-up, the mean range of motion was 55.30 in flexion, 56.60 in extension, 21.0 in ulnar deviation, 9.00 in radial deviation, 70.30 in pronation and 67.10 in supination. According to the scoring system of Gartland and Werley, the clinical and functional outcomes showed that 15 patients (44.1% had excellent results, 14 (41.1% had good results, 3 (8.8% had fair results and 2 (5.8% had poor results. CONCLUSION Closed reduction under fluoroscopic image guidance and the ligamentotaxis is useful and effective in the treatment of intraarticular fractures of the distal radius.

  9. Automatic lumbar vertebra segmentation from clinical CT for wedge compression fracture diagnosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghosh, Subarna; Alomari, Raja'S.; Chaudhary, Vipin; Dhillon, Gurmeet

    2011-03-01

    Lumbar vertebral fractures vary greatly in types and causes and usually result from severe trauma or pathological conditions such as osteoporosis. Lumbar wedge compression fractures are amongst the most common ones where the vertebra is severely compressed forming a wedge shape and causing pain and pressure on the nerve roots and the spine. Since vertebral segmentation is the first step in any automated diagnosis task, we present a fully automated method for robustly localizing and segmenting the vertebrae for preparation of vertebral fracture diagnosis. Our segmentation method consists of five main steps towards the CAD(Computer-Aided Diagnosis) system: 1) Localization of the intervertebral discs. 2) Localization of the vertebral skeleton. 3) Segmentation of the individual vertebra. 4) Detection of the vertebrae center line and 5) Detection of the vertebrae major boundary points. Our segmentation results are promising with an average error of 1.5mm (modified Hausdorff distance metric) on 50 clinical CT cases i.e. a total of 250 lumbar vertebrae. We also present promising preliminary results for automatic wedge compression fracture diagnosis on 15 cases, 7 of which have one or more vertebral compression fracture, and obtain an accuracy of 97.33%.

  10. The effectiveness of transdermal opioid in the management multiple rib fractures: randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solak, Okan; Oz, Gürhan; Kokulu, Serdar; Solak, Ozlem; Doğan, Gökçen; Esme, Hıdır; Ocalan, Kubilay; Baki, Elif Doğan

    2013-09-01

    The most commonly observed pathology in chest traumas is rib fracture, and the most important clinical symptom is severe pain. To investigate the effectiveness of intramuscular opioid (IMO), intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IVPCA) and the Fentanyl transdermal therapeutic system (TTS) in the management of rib fracture pain. Prospective randomized clinical trial. In our prospective and randomised study, we included 45 patients with a diagnosis of multiple rib fractures. There were three groups and intercostal nerve blockage (ICB) in the first day and oral paracetamol for five days was administered to each group as standard. In Group IMO (n=15), 4×40 mg pethidine HCl was administered to the patients, while in Group IVPCA (n=15) this was 5 μg/mL continuous intravenous fentanyl and was 50 μg fentanyl TTS in Group TTS (n=15). The demographics, injury data and vital signs of the patients were recorded. Pain was scored using Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). The pain during lying down (VASl) and mobilisation (VASm) was detected. There were no differences between the three groups regarding age, sex, the trauma pattern, the number and distribution of costal fracture localisations, the presence of additional pathology, complications, thoracal catheter and the duration of thoracal catheter. No significant difference between the groups regarding systolic and diastolic arterial tension, number of breaths and beats in a minute was observed (p>0.05). We observed an improvement in the mean VAS score after treatment in all three groups. The mean VASl score significantly decreased after treatment in each group (p0.05). In the analgesia of patients with multiple rib fractures, TTS administration with ICB showed similar effectiveness with IVPCA administration with ICB. In the management of pain due to multiple rib fractures, TTS administration is a safe, non-invasive and effective procedure.

  11. Burst fracture of the thoracolumbar spine: correlation between kyphosis and clinical result of the treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Arnold Tisot

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between kyphosis due to burst fractures of thoracic and lumbar spine and clinical outcome in patients undergoing conservative or surgical treatment.METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional study was conducted with 29 patients with thoracolumbar burst fractures treated by the Spine Group in a trauma reference hospital between the years 2002 and 2011. Patients were followed-up as outpatients for a minimum of 24 months. All cases were clinically evaluated by Oswestry and SF-36 quality of life questionnaires and the visual analogue scale (VAS of pain. They were also evaluated by X-ray examinations and CT scans of the lumbosacral spine at the time of hospitalization and subsequently as outpatients by Cobb method for measuring the degree of kyphosis.RESULTS: There was no statistically significant correlation between the degree of initial kyphosis and clinical outcome measured by VAS and by most of the SF-36 domains in both patients treated conservatively and the surgically treated. The Oswestry questionnaire showed benefits for patients who received conservative treatment (p=0.047 compared to those surgically treated (p=0.335. The analysis of difference between initial and final kyphosis and final kyphosis alone in relation to clinical outcome showed no statistical correlation in any of the scores used.CONCLUSION: The clinical outcome of treatment of the thoracic and lumbar burst fractures was not influenced by a greater or lesser degree of initial or residual kyphosis, regardless of the type of treatment.

  12. Posterior malleolar fracture: technique and clinical ex-perience of the posterolateral approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HUANG Ruo-kun

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available 【Abstract】Objective: To introduce the postero-lateral surgical approach to the posterior malleolar fracture and report its clinical outcomes in 32 cases. Methods: This study consisted of 32 cases, 22 males and 10 females with the mean age of 48 years (range, 21-63 years, suffering from posterior malleolar fracture. All cases were treated with the posterolateral surgical approach to the ankle. The average follow-up period was 28 months (range, 24-35 months. The clinical outcomes of these cases were evaluated on the basis of the Olerud-Molander Ankle (OMA score and plain radiographs. Results: All cases showed radiological evidence of bony union at follow-up. The average OMA score was 82 points; 21 cases had excellent scores (90-100 points, 9 good (61-90 points, and 2 fair (31-60 points. The excellent-to-good rate was 93.8%. Although most cases did not show any wound dehiscence or necrosis, one patient had a su-perficial infection which healed after using antibiotic dress-ing and one had sural cutaneous nerve injury that under-went spontaneous remission without any treatment after three months. In addition, one presented with mild symp-toms of peroneal tendonitis that disappeared after plate removal. Conclusion: The posterolateral approach offers an effective technique for fracture reduction and fixation of large posterior malleolar fragments. Key words: Ankle injuries; Dislocations; Fracture fixation, internal

  13. Radiographic Evaluation During Treatment of Pediatric Forearm Fractures: Implications on Clinical Care and Cost.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luther, Gaurav; Miller, Patricia; Waters, Peter M; Bae, Donald S

    2016-01-01

    As ≥30% of displaced pediatric forearm fractures demonstrate loss of reduction (LOR) following closed reduction (CR); radiographic follow-up is advocated at 1, 2, 4, and 6 weeks for detection of redisplacement. We hypothesized that there is minimal change in fracture alignment 2 weeks after CR, and consequently, that radiographs at 4 weeks add cost but little value to clinical care. A total of 184 patients enrolled in a prospective study of pediatric forearm fractures including both distal and diaphyseal injuries were evaluated. All were treated with CR, casting, and radiographic evaluation at 1, 2, 4, and 6 weeks postinjury. Primary endpoint was radiographic LOR. Secondary endpoint was need for any intervention. A modified number-needed to treat analysis estimated the utility of the week 4 x-ray in predicting intervention. Relative value unit (RVU) costing, time-derived activity-based costing (TDABC), and billing totals were used for cost analysis. Seventy patients (38%) demonstrated radiographic LOR. Independent predictors of LOR were initial radius displacement >75% (OR=5.40; CI, 2.23-12.60), concomitant ulna fracture (OR=1.71; CI, 1.15-2.54), and dominant arm involvement (OR=2.87; CI, 1.40-5.87). Eighty percent of all LORs occurred within the first 2 weeks. There was no statistically significant change in radiographic alignment after week 2. Of 40 total interventions, all were performed within the first 2 weeks of follow-up. The 4-week x-ray did not influence decision to intervene, and at most, 1 in every 40 patients would require an intervention after week 2. Elimination of the 4-week x-ray would result in a savings of 4.8% (RVU method) to 11.9% (TDABC method) in the overall cost of nonoperative fracture care. There is minimal change in fracture alignment 2 weeks following CR of pediatric forearm fractures, and all interventions are based on early radiographic follow-up. The week 4 x-ray adds little value to clinical decision making, and its elimination

  14. Clinical effect of distal radius fracture treated with open reduction and internal plate fixation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Pei-xun; XUE Feng; DANG Yu; WANG Tian-bing; CHEN Jian-hai; XU Hai-lin; FU Zhong-guo; ZHANG Dian-ying; JIANG Bao-guo

    2012-01-01

    Background For some specific comminuted unstable intra-articular fracture,the plaster cast can not maintain the alignment of the articular surface effectively.The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical effects of distal radius fracture treated with open reduction and internal plate fixation retrospectively.Methods From January 2002 to March 2010,539 cases of distal radius fracture were treated with open reduction and internal fixation,including 184 males and 355 females aging 21-72 years (mean 57 years).Fractures were caused by falling to the ground in 459 cases,by traffic accident in 62 cases and by athletic injuries in 18 cases.Of 539 cases,there were 523 cases of closed fracture and 16 cases of open fracture.According to Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Osteosynthesefragen (AO) standards of classification,there were 14 cases of A2 type,22 of A3 type,18 of B1 type,24 of B2 type,62 of B3 type,91 of C1 type,162 of C2 type and 146 of C3 type.The time from injury to operation was 1-16 days (mean 5 days).All patitents received open reduction and internal plate screw fixation.Forty-seven patients with bone defect were given 6-15 g autologous ilium and 75 cases were given 5 ml calcium sulphate artificial aggregate after reduction.Results All incisions healed by first intention after operation.Patients were followed up for 15 to 32 months postoperatively (mean 22 months).The fractures healed within 10-18 weeks after operation (mean 12 weeks).During the last follow-up,the mean palmar tilt was (7.0±0.9)° and the mean ulnar variance was (21.0±4.2)°,showing significant difference when compared with preoperation ((-5.0±1.2)° and (8.0±3.8)°).The radial heights were not abbreviated.According to Gartland and Werley assessment system,the results were excellent in 314 cases,good in 163 cases,fair in 46 cases,and poor in 16 cases 12 weeks after operation,the excellent and good rate was 88.5%.Conclusions The clinical effect of distal radius fracture treated with open

  15. Timing of thoracic and lumbar fracture fixation in spinal injuries: a systematic review of neurological and clinical outcome.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rutges, J.P.H.J.; Oner, F.C.; Leenen, L.P.H.

    2007-01-01

    A systematic review of all available evidence on the timing of surgical fixation for thoracic and lumbar fractures with respect to clinical and neurological outcome was designed. The purpose of this review is to clarify some of the controversy about the timing of surgical fracture fixation in spinal

  16. [Unilateral congenital absence of the carpal scaphoid associated with dysplasia of the capitate. Presentation of a case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez Fernández, J M; Méndez López, J M; Caracuel Redondo, F

    2012-01-01

    We report on a case of aplasia or unilateral congenital absence of the carpal scaphoid associated with dysplasia of the capitate. Congenital absence of the carpal scaphoid is a rare but well-documented condition. As far as we know, the present case is the seventh one reported in the medical literature. Imaging studies (X-ray and MRI) confirmed the absence of the carpal scaphoid associated with a dysplasia of the capitate and malformation of the radial styloid process. Congenital absence of the scaphoid when other congenital abnormalities (such as hypoplasia or aplasia of either forearm bones or thenar eminence, malformations of the skeletal elements of the thumb, absence of sesamoid bones or abnormal development of the forearm bones) do not exist is probably the main feature of the present case report. Copyright © 2011 SECOT. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  17. Synergism of clinical evaluation and penile sonographic imaging in diagnosis of penile fracture: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bello Jibril

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Penile fracture is an uncommon urologic emergency, and is the traumatic rupture of the tunica albuginea covering the corpus cavernosa. This usually occurs following blunt trauma sustained during coitus, masturbation or self-manipulations to hide or suppress an erection. Clinical diagnosis can often be easily made with typical history and examination findings. However, the patient may present atypically and/or with a suspicion of associated urethral injury. The roles of various diagnostic investigations are being evaluated in these situations. Case presentation We report the case of a 31-year-old African man with penile fracture and suspected associated urethral injury that occurred after self-manipulations to hide an erection. Conclusions Penile ultrasound and sonourethrography provide useful additional diagnostic information to supplement clinical history and physical examination findings and can be performed easily, at low cost and with no delays to surgery.

  18. Predictors of the accuracy of quotation of references in peer-reviewed orthopaedic literature in relation to publications on the scaphoid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buijze, G A; Weening, A A; Poolman, R W; Bhandari, M; Ring, D

    2012-02-01

    Using inaccurate quotations can propagate misleading information, which might affect the management of patients. The aim of this study was to determine the predictors of quotation inaccuracy in the peer-reviewed orthopaedic literature related to the scaphoid. We randomly selected 100 papers from ten orthopaedic journals. All references were retrieved in full text when available or otherwise excluded. Two observers independently rated all quotations from the selected papers by comparing the claims made by the authors with the data and expressed opinions of the reference source. A statistical analysis determined which article-related factors were predictors of quotation inaccuracy. The mean total inaccuracy rate of the 3840 verified quotes was 7.6%. There was no correlation between the rate of inaccuracy and the impact factor of the journal. Multivariable analysis identified the journal and the type of study (clinical, biomechanical, methodological, case report or review) as important predictors of the total quotation inaccuracy rate. We concluded that inaccurate quotations in the peer-reviewed orthopaedic literature related to the scaphoid were common and slightly more so for certain journals and certain study types. Authors, reviewers and editorial staff play an important role in reducing this inaccuracy.

  19. Percutaneous fixation of fractures of the spine: 1-year clinical and radiological follow-up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Fernando Pereira da Silva Herrero

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate the preliminary results of the surgical treatment through minimally invasive fixation technique in patients with thoracolumbar spinal fractures. Methods: Retrospective study of 17 patients with fractures of thoracolumbar vertebrae who underwent surgery with percutaneous fixation in the period of 2009 to 2011. The clinical evaluation of the results was performed using the SF-36 and Oswestry questionnaires. The radiographic parameters evaluated were: fracture classification according to Magerl's criteria, wedge angle of the fractured vertebrae and bisegmental Cobb angle. These measurements were made in the preoperative, immediate postoperative and 1 year after surgery. Other data such as associated injuries, neurological deficit, post-surgical infection, loosening and breakage of implants were also considered. Results: The data revealed average scores above 80% in all domains of the SF-36 questionnaire while in Oswestry Questionnaire, 79% of patients had minimal or absent physical limitations with a mean score of 12.4±11.89%. The average Cobb angle for preoperative kyphosis was 5.53º±13.80o, 2.18º±13.38o in the early postoperative period and 5.26º±13.95o one year after surgery. The average correction obtained after surgery was 3.35º and the average correction loss was 3.19º. No complications such as post-surgical infection, permanent neurological deficits and implant loosening and breakage were observed. Conclusion: The surgical treatment of fractures of thoracolumbar vertebrae using a minimally invasive technique provides satisfactory clinical and radiographic results with low complication rates.

  20. Association of Increased Urinary Albumin With Risk of Incident Clinical Fracture and Rate of Hip Bone Loss: the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fink, Howard A; Vo, Tien N; Langsetmo, Lisa; Barzilay, Joshua I; Cauley, Jane A; Schousboe, John T; Orwoll, Eric S; Canales, Muna T; Ishani, Areef; Lane, Nancy E; Ensrud, Kristine E

    2017-05-01

    Prior studies suggest that increased urine albumin is associated with a heightened fracture risk in women, but results in men are unclear. We used data from Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS), a prospective cohort study of community-dwelling men aged ≥65 years, to evaluate the association of increased urine albumin with subsequent fractures and annualized rate of hip bone loss. We calculated albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR) from urine collected at the 2003-2005 visit. Subsequent clinical fractures were ascertained from triannual questionnaires and centrally adjudicated by review of radiographic reports. Total hip BMD was measured by DXA at the 2003-2005 visit and again an average of 3.5 years later. We estimated risk of incident clinical fracture using Cox proportional hazards models, and annualized BMD change using ANCOVA. Of 2982 men with calculable ACR, 9.4% had ACR ≥30 mg/g (albuminuria) and 1.0% had ACR ≥300 mg/g (macroalbuminuria). During a mean of 8.7 years of follow-up, 20.0% of men had an incident clinical fracture. In multivariate-adjusted models, neither higher ACR quintile (p for trend 0.75) nor albuminuria (HR versus no albuminuria, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.65 to 1.20) was associated with increased risk of incident clinical fracture. Increased urine albumin had a borderline significant, multivariate-adjusted, positive association with rate of total hip bone loss when modeled in ACR quintiles (p = 0.06), but not when modeled as albuminuria versus no albuminuria. Macroalbuminuria was associated with a higher rate of annualized hip bone loss compared to no albuminuria (-1.8% more annualized loss than in men with ACR fracture associations. In these community-dwelling older men, we found no association between urine albumin levels and risk of incident clinical fracture, but found a borderline significant, positive association with rate of hip bone loss. © 2016 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research. © 2016 American Society for Bone and

  1. [Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of humeral supracondylar fractures in pediatric patients in a Regional General Hospital].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrón-Torres, Erika Alejandrina; Sánchez-Cruz, Juan Francisco; Cruz-Meléndez, José Ramses

    2015-01-01

    Supracondylar humerus fractures are common in children between 5-7 years of age and more frequent in the males, 90-95% of these fractures are in extension mechanism, the urgency of immediate attention is to prevent complications and sequelae. To establish the clinical and epidemiological profile of supracondylar humerus fractures, in a General Regional Hospital from the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social in Yucatan Mexico, during 2011-2013. A cross-sectional study. Strength association was measured by odds ratios and statistical significance with chi(2) test, p value was considered in < 0.05 RESULTS: 56 cases were analyzed, the mean age was 2.6 ± 5.33 years, the mechanism of injury was falling over at home, male gender is associated with extent injure mechanism (OR 5.6, 95% CI 1.0-30.1, p = 0.03), we observed that at most time elapsed between injury and medical means more hospital days (r = 0.40; p = 0.002), surgical treatment was established in 44 cases (78.6%), 18 (40.9%) with closed technique and placement of cloves and 26 (59.1%) with open reduction, in 100% cross configuration was used, ten complications were reported. Supracondylar humerus fractures are a common injury in children, males are more likely to be injured by extension, and the speed in medical treatment is an important issue. Copyright © 2015. Published by Masson Doyma México S.A.

  2. Case of bilateral Galeazzi fractures associated with dislocation of the right elbow.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nanno, Mitsuhiko; Sawaizumi, Takuya; Takai, Shinro

    2011-01-01

    We report an unusual case of bilateral Galeazzi fractures associated with dislocation of the right elbow and fracture of the right scaphoid caused by a motorbike accident in a 32-year-old man. Bilateral radiuses were fixed with plates, and the right scaphoid was fixed with a screw after closed reduction of the right elbow. A satisfactory result was obtained with a return to work and no radiographic problems 7 years after surgery. The mechanism of the injury was thought to be a high-velocity fall on the outstretched hands combined with extreme pronation of the forearms and extension of the wrists and the elbows. This case had a favorable outcome following operative stabilization of the fracture-dislocations and early mobilization.

  3. C2-fractures: part II. A morphometrical analysis of computerized atlantoaxial motion, anatomical alignment and related clinical outcomes

    OpenAIRE

    Koller, Heiko; Acosta, Frank; Forstner, Rosemarie; Zenner, Juliane; Resch,Herbert; Tauber, Mark; Lederer, Stefan; Auffarth, Alexander; Hitzl, Wolfgang

    2009-01-01

    Knowledge on the outcome of C2-fractures is founded on heterogenous samples with cross-sectional outcome assessment focusing on union rates, complications and technical concerns related to surgical treatment. Reproducible clinical and functional outcome assessments are scant. Validated generic and disease specific outcome measures were rarely applied. Therefore, the aim of the current study is to investigate the radiographic, functional and clinical outcome of a patient sample with C2-fractur...

  4. Clinical and functional outcomes after operative management of Salter-Harris III and IV fractures of the proximal tibial epiphysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Brian W; Rizkala, Amir R; Li, Mengnai

    2014-09-01

    Pediatric proximal tibial epiphysis fractures are uncommon and have subsequently received little attention in terms of treatment and outcomes. We studied the clinical and functional outcomes of 13 patients with Salter-Harris III and IV fractures of the proximal tibial epiphysis after operative fixation. Associated meniscus, ligamentous, or neurovascular injury was present in 100% of this cohort. Provisional external fixation and locked plating spanning the open physis were used in the majority of cases. The mean clinical follow-up was 15.69 months, where all fractures progressed to union. Good functional outcomes with a low complication rate are possible after operative fixation of these infrequent injuries.

  5. ETIOLOGIC FACTORS AND CLINICAL EVALUATION OF RESTORED FRACTURED ANTERIOR TEETH: AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uzay KOÇ VURAL

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The aims of this study were to investigate the etiologic factors and to evaluate performance of composite resin on fractured crown in permanent anterior teeth at 6 and 12 months. Subjects and Methods: Records from 51 patients were retrieved from a Dental School Clinic, comprising 73 fractured anterior teeth directly restored with a submicron hybrid composite (Spectrum TPH resin and respective adhesive system (Prime&Bond NT were evaluated. The United States Public Health Service criteria were used to assess the clinical evaluation. Data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon Signed Rank, Kruskal–Wallis, Mann–Whitney U, and Siegel and Castellan tests. Results: Seventy-two maxillary incisors and one canine of 51 patients were evaluated. The patient’s age at the time of therapy ranged from 14 to 64 years old (mean 25.47. Mostly observed crown fracture was seen in upper incisors (84.9% and due to falls (58.8%. At the 6-month follow-up, one patient lost one restoration and at the 12-month, one patient lost one and one lost two restorations. A statistically significant difference was found in terms of marginal adaptation between 6 and 12 months. Conclusion: In this short-term observation period, remaining tooth structure was conserved and good patient compliance was achieved. Factors such as esthetic and/or cost should be considered to indicate the direct composite restorations.

  6. Distal tibial fracture treated by minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis after external fixation Retrospective clinical and radiographic assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Al. Șerban

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Fractures of the horizontal surface of the distal tibia are known commonly as pylon or plafond fractures, and represent 1-5% of lower extremity fractures, 7-10% of all tibial fractures. The protocol consisted of immediate (within eight to 24 hours open reduction and internal fixation of the fibula, using a fibular plate or one third tubular plate and application of an external fixator spanning the ankle joint. In the second stage, the treatment of proximal and distal tibial fractures with close reduction and MIPPO technique can preserve soft tissue, simplify operative procedure and decrease wound, obtain rigid internal fixation and guarantee early function exercises of ankle joint. In this study we evaluated 22 patients treated in Clinical Emergency Hospital Constanta between April 2012 - July 2013 diagnosed with multifragmentary fractures of the distal tibia. This study evaluates the treatment of complex fractures of distal tibia with locked plate after external fixation. There were 17 males and 5 females of mean age 51,7 years (31-68. The mean follow-up period was 14 weeks. (Ranging from 9-16 weeks. All patients were fully weight bearing at 16 weeks (ranging 9-16 weeks showing radiological union. There were no cases of failures of fixation, or rotational misalignment. No significant complication was observed in our patients. MIPO is an effective method of treatment for distal tibial fractures, reduce surgical trauma and maintain a more biologically favorable environment for fracture healing, reducing risks of infection and nonunion.

  7. Magnetic resonance imaging of clinically suspected Salter-Harris I fracture of the distal fibula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boutis, Kathy; Narayanan, Unni G; Dong, Frederik F T; Mackenzie, Heather; Yan, Hanmu; Chew, Derek; Babyn, Paul

    2010-08-01

    In skeletally immature children, isolated lateral ankle injuries without radiograph-visible fractures are often diagnosed with Salter-Harris I fractures of the distal fibula (SH1DF). However, recent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evidence in children suggests that sprains may be more common than previously thought. Thus, the main objective of this study was to determine the rate of MRI-confirmed SH1DF among cases where this diagnosis was made presumptively, based on clinical findings. In ankle injuries where there is no MRI evidence of SH1DF, another aim is to detect the pathology which gives rise to this clinical scenario. This was a prospective cohort study performed at a tertiary care paediatric centre. Eligible patients included skeletally immature children with acute ankle injuries presenting with difficulty weight bearing and maximal tenderness and swelling over the distal fibular growth plate (lateral malleolus). Enrolled patients had ankle radiographs at the Emergency Department (ED) visit, MRI within 1 week of the injury, and repeat ankle X-rays at 4 weeks. All images were reviewed by two radiologists and an orthopaedic surgeon. Discrepancies between reading physicians were resolved by consensus agreement. Eighteen patients were enrolled into the study from September 2008 to August 2009. Mean (SD) age of participants was 8.7 (2.0) years. None of the 18 patients had evidence of fibular growth plate injury on MR imaging. Patients often had more than one abnormal finding on MRI. Fourteen (78%) had evidence of ligamentous sprains, 11 (61%) had bony contusions, one patient (6%) had a subtle fibular avulsion fracture, and another was found to have a minor articular cartilage injury. At 4 weeks, only one patient's radiographs demonstrated a healing fracture, which corresponded with the avulsion fracture case. All patients had returned to full weight bearing by 4 weeks. In this series, the clinical diagnosis of SH1DF was incorrect in 100% of cases. Instead, in

  8. Are process performance measures associated with clinical outcomes among patients with hip fractures?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Pia Kjaer; Thillemann, Theis Muncholm; Søballe, Kjeld;

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between process performance measures and clinical outcome among patients with hip fracture. DESIGN: Nationwide, population-based follow-up study. SETTING: Public Danish hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 25 354 patients 65 years or older who were admitted...... and length of stay (LOS). RESULTS: Fulfilling 75-100% of the relevant process performance measures was associated with lower 30-day mortality (22.6% vs. 8.5%, adjusted odds ratio (OR) 0.31 (95% CI: 0.28-0.35)) and lower odds for readmission (21.7% vs. 17.4%, adjusted OR 0.78 (95% CI: 0.70-0.87)). The overall...... with a hip fracture in Denmark between 2010 and 2013. INTERVENTION: The process performance measures, including systematic pain assessment, early mobilization, basic mobility assessment at arrival and at discharge, post-discharge rehabilitation program, anti-osteoporotic medication and prevention of future...

  9. Clinical aspects and management of osteoporosis and fragility fractures in patients with diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manju Chandran

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Both diabetes and osteoporosis are assuming epidemic proportions throughout the world. Accumulating data suggest that both types 1 and 2 diabetes are associated with an increased risk of fragility fractures. This increased risk appears to be largely independent of bone mineral density (BMD which is most often noted to be low in type 1 diabetes and normal or increased in type 2 diabetes. This review explores the clinical characteristics of bone fragility in patients with diabetes and highlights studies that have evaluated BMD and fracture prediction tools in these patients. It also briefly reviews the current management principles of osteoporosis in diabetes, with special emphasis on the impact of diabetes medications on bone health as well as explores the efficacy of currently available antiosteoporosis pharmacotherapy in the diabetic population.

  10. Accessory atlantoaxial ligament avulsion fracture of the axis: Are there any clinical implications?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Reza Niknejad

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Injuries to the craniocervical support structures are frequently observed in neurotrauma cases. Stability of this region is of vital importance. Literature has mainly focused on three major ligaments of the craniocervical junction: The tectorial membrane, the transverse ligament, and the alar ligaments. However, the accessory atlantoaxial ligament (ALL also seems to be involved in craniocervical stability as shown in cadaveric specimens. Still, the biomechanical importance of this structure needs to be determined, especially in trauma settings. Here, we describe a case of isolated traumatic injury to this structure and discuss the clinical outcome. A 64 year old polytrauma patient with a remarkable avulsion fracture at the site of the insertion of the ALL was admitted to our center. We evaluated the patient both clinical and radiological at admission, after 3 months and after 1 year. We clinically assessed the upper cervical rotational stability using the cervical flexion rotation test. We observed no rotational instability or any other clinical repercussions at the long term after an isolated ALL injury. This case shows that isolated traumatic damage to the ALL is possible. Unilateral damage to the ALL probably does not cause rotational instability of the craniocervical junction. In case a similar avulsion fracture is observed, we recommend performing a magnetic resonance imaging of the craniovertebral region to assess for any ligamentous lesions.

  11. Long-term results of lunocapitate arthrodesis with scaphoid excision for SLAC and SNAC wrists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreres, A; Garcia-Elias, M; Plaza, R

    2009-10-01

    When treating the degenerative arthritis that follows scapholunate instability or scaphoid pseudarthrosis, excision of the scaphoid must be combined with a stabilisation of the midcarpal joint. Two alternatives have been proposed for that purpose: fusing the lunate, triquetrum, capitate and hamate (four corner fusion), 4CF; or limiting the arthrodesis to the lunate and capitate, preserving or excising the triquetrum. Previous reports have attributed a high level of complications to lunocapitate arthrodesis, mainly in respect of nonunion. We have reviewed 17 patients who had been treated with a lunocapitate fusion, after an 8 to 12-year follow-up period, and found similar results compared with 4CF, even with a major degree of motion in ulnar-radial deviation. Recent work on the innervation of the radiotriquetral ligaments has given relevance to the preservation of lunotriquetral motion in maintaining proprioception. Also if the triquetrum is excised to gain more motion, the proprioceptive role of the radiotriquetral ligaments is compromised.

  12. Intraosseous Ganglion Cyst of Scaphoid: An Uncommon Cause of Radial Wrist Pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salunke, Abhijeet Ashok; Singh, Saranjeet; Kanani, Himanshu; Chokshi, Jimmy; Nambi, G I; Raval, Pradyumna; Vala, Pathik; Jain, Shantanu; Chaudhari, Sanjay; Patel, Amit; Panchal, Ramesh

    2016-02-01

    Intraosseous ganglion cyst is a rare bone tumor and the lesion could often be missed. The diagnosis could be delayed so proper radiologic investigation and index of suspicion is necessary .Differential diagnoses of painful cystic radiolucent carpal lesion are osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma and intraosseous ganglion. Curettage of the scaphoid lesion and filling of void with bone graft provides good functional outcomes. The cyst contains mucoid viscous material without epithelial or synovial lining. We present a case of 30 years old male with intraosseous ganglion cyst of scaphoid which was treated with curettage and bone grafting. Rarely ganglion cyst is found in small bones of hand and should be considered as differential diagnosis of chronic radial wrist pain.

  13. A case of acute trans-scaphoid volar dislocation of the lunate into the distal forearm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mohamed Al Khayarin; Mohamed Al Ateeq Al Dosari; Shibly Abdul Basith; Mohammed Waseemuddin

    2016-01-01

    Trans-scaphoid volar dislocation of the lunate with displacement into the distal forearm proximal to the radiocarpal joint is an extremely rare, high energy injury with extensive ligament disruption. They are unstable and require open reduction and internal fixation with repair of ligaments. They are associated with significant morbidity and loss of function. We report the case of a patient with this injury. Open reduction, internal fixation and ligament repair were done. The patient had a good functional outcome.

  14. Role of Scaphoid in the Abduction and Adduction Movements of Wrist Joint

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sadik I Shaikh

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Being a carpal bone scaphoid has an important role in wrist movements. Wrist joint is a synovial modified ellipsoid joint where movements like flexion, extension and adduction, abduction take place around two axes (transverse and antero-posterior. These movements at the wrist joint are associated with considerable range of movements at the mid carpal joint, as same group of muscles act on both of these joints. Methodology: A study has been done amongst 120 persons at the tertiary care hospital during the period from 2006-07 to detect the important movements of scaphoid bone specially during the abduction and adduction of wrist joint (which occur in association with the intercarpal joints and also to detect whether such movements have any speciality in the population. Results: In fully abducted position, it was 45o among 53.3% subjects and the average among all the subjects was 60o. So, the degree of abduction was 30o. The extent of movement was more in adduction (ie, 1.90 cm - 1.03 cm = 0.87 cm than in abduction (ie, 1.03 cm - 0.72 cm = 0.31cm. Conclusion: It was found in this study that the scaphoid acts as a link bone between the two rows of carpal bones and prevents the buckling of midcarpal joint especially of the capitato- lunate joint interface. [Natl J Med Res 2013; 3(3.000: 253-256

  15. Prospective clinical trial of surgical intervention for painful rib fracture nonunion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fabricant, Loic; Ham, Bruce; Mullins, Richard; Mayberry, John

    2014-06-01

    We performed a prospective clinical trial of resection with or without plate fixation for symptomatic rib fracture nonunion three or more months postinjury with 6-month postoperative followup. The McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ) and RAND 36 Health Survey were administered and activity level (sedentary, ambulatory, moderately active, vigorous), functional status (disabled, nonphysical labor, physical labor), and work status (employed, unemployed, retired, student) were queried pre- and postoperatively. Twenty-four patients 4 to 197 months (median, 16 months) postinjury underwent surgical intervention for one to four rib fracture nonunions (median, two nonunions). Evidence of intercostal nerve entrapment was present in nine patients (38%). MPQ Present Pain Intensity and Pain Rating Index and RAND 36 Physical Functioning, Role Physical, Social Functioning, Role Social, Bodily Pain, Vitality, Mental Health, and General Health were significantly improved at six months compared with study entry (P rib fracture nonunion may improve chronic pain and disability but without change in functional or work status. Resection of adjacent nonunions with significant gaps may lead to chest wall hernia.

  16. Sagittal and Frontal Plane Evaluation of the Whole Spine and Clinical Outcomes after Vertebral Fractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Topalidou

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Although it is known that a change in any level of the spine alters biomechanics, there are not many studies to evaluate the spine as a whole in both sagittal and frontal planes. This prospective cohort study evaluates the morphology and mobility of the entire spine in patients with vertebral fractures. The Treatment Group consisted of 43 patients who underwent percutaneous balloon kyphoplasty or percutaneous balloon kyphoplasty plus fixation. The Control Group consisted of 39 healthy subjects. Spinal Mouse was used for the assessment of the curvatures and the mobility of the spine. Clinical outcomes were evaluated by Visual Analogue Scale and Oswestry Disability Index. The measurements were recorded at 15 days and 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively. Regarding the curvatures and mobility in sagittal plane, a statistically significant increase appeared early at 3 months, for lumbar curve, spinopelvic angulation, and overall trunk inclination. In the frontal plane, most of the improvements were recorded after 6 months. Patients with osteoporotic fracture showed statistically significant lower mean value than patients with traumatic fracture. Pain and disability index showed early improvements. This study provides a comprehensive and complete picture of the functionality of the spine in patients treated with percutaneous balloon kyphoplasty.

  17. Nerve Stimulator Guided Axillary Block in Painless Reduction of Distal Radius Fractures; a Randomized Clinical Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein Alimohammadi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Given the high prevalence of upper extremity fractures and increasing need to perform painless reduction in the emergency departments, the use of analgesic methods with fewer complications and more satisfaction appears to be essential. The aim of this study is comparison the nerve stimulator guided axillary block (NSAB with intravenous sedation in induction of analgesia for painless reduction of distal radius fractures. Methods: In the present randomized clinical trial, 60 patients (18-70 years of age suffered from distal radius fractures, were divided into two equal groups. One group received axillary nerve block by nerve stimulator guidance and the other procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA using midazolam/fentanyl. Onset of analgesia, duration of analgesic effect, total procedure time and pain scores were recorded using visual analogue scale (VAS and the outcomes were compared. Chi-squared and student t test were performed to evaluate differences between two groups. Results: Sixty patients were randomly divided into two groups (83.3% male. The mean age of patients was 31 ±0.7 years. While the onset of analgesia was significantly longer in the NSAB group, the mean total time of procedure was shorter than PSA (p<0.001. The NSAB group needed a shorter post-operative observation time (P<0.001. Both groups experienced equal pain relief before, during and after procedure (p>0.05. Conclusion: It seems that shorter post-operative monitoring time and consequently lesser total time of procedure, make nerve stimulator guided axillary block as an appropriate alternative for procedural sedation and analgesia in painless reduction of distal radius fractures in emergency department. 

  18. Clinical outcomes and prognosis of patients with stent fracture after successful drug-eluting stent implantation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, In Soo [Cadiovascular center, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Han, Jae Bok; Jang, Seong Joo [Dept. of Radiology, Dongshin University, Naju (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-06-15

    Many studies have suggested that in the era of Drug Eluting Stents (DES) are one of the causes of In-Stent Restenosis (ISR) of Stent Fracture (SF). The present study sought to evaluate clinical characteristics of patients with stent fracture after successful DES implantation. The 4,701 patients were selected for analysis who underwent a follow-up coronary angiography irrespective of ischemic symptoms. The overall incidence of SF was 32 patients(male:female=19:13, Av. age 62.44±9.8 year, 0.68%). Fractures of Sirolimus-Eluting Stents (SES), Paclitaxel-Eluting Stents (PES), Biolimus A9-Eluting Stents (BES), Everolimus-Eluting Etents (EES), Endothelial Progenitor Cell Capture Stent (EPC) and Zotarolimus-Eluting Stents (ZES) are accounted for 19 (59.4%), 9 (28.1%), 2 (6.3%), 1 (3.1%), 1 (3.1%) and 0 (0%) respectively. SF developed in the left Anterior Dscending (LAD) artery in 16 patients (50%) and in complex(type B2, C) lesions in 25 patients (69.4%). Ten patients were treated with heterogenous DES, the rest being treated with either homogenous DES (3 patients), plain old balloon angioplasty (3 patients), or conservative medical treatment (17 patients). None of the patients with SF suffered from cardiac death during a follow-up period of 32.9±12.4 months. The overall rate of DES fracture over up to 3.7 years of follow-up was 0.68% with higher incidence in SES than in PES. SF frequently occurred in the LAD artery and in complex lesions. Of the patients with SF, coronary intervention was performed only when the binary restenosis lesion was significant. During the follow-up, patients with SF have continued on combination antiplatelet therapy. There is a very low rate of major adverse cardiac events(post-detection of SF), especially cardiac death associated with SF.

  19. C2-fractures: part II. A morphometrical analysis of computerized atlantoaxial motion, anatomical alignment and related clinical outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koller, Heiko; Acosta, Frank; Forstner, Rosemarie; Zenner, Juliane; Resch, Herbert; Tauber, Mark; Lederer, Stefan; Auffarth, Alexander; Hitzl, Wolfgang

    2009-08-01

    Knowledge on the outcome of C2-fractures is founded on heterogenous samples with cross-sectional outcome assessment focusing on union rates, complications and technical concerns related to surgical treatment. Reproducible clinical and functional outcome assessments are scant. Validated generic and disease specific outcome measures were rarely applied. Therefore, the aim of the current study is to investigate the radiographic, functional and clinical outcome of a patient sample with C2-fractures. Out of a consecutive series of 121 patients with C2 fractures, 44 met strict inclusion criteria and 35 patients with C2-fractures treated either nonsurgically or surgically with motion-preserving techniques were surveyed. Outcome analysis included validated measures (SF-36, NPDI, CSOQ), and a functional CT-scanning protocol for the evaluation of C1-2 rotation and alignment. Mean follow-up was 64 months and mean age of patients was 52 years. Classification of C2-fractures at injury was performed using a detailed morphological description: 24 patients had odontoid fractures type II or III, 18 patients had fracture patterns involving the vertebral body and 11 included a dislocated or a burst lateral mass fracture. Thirty-one percent of patients were treated with a halo, 34% with a Philadelphia collar and 34% had anterior odontoid screw fixation. At follow-up mean atlantoaxial rotation in left and right head position was 20.2 degrees and 20.6 degrees, respectively. According to the classification system of posttreatment C2-alignment established by our group in part I of the C2-fracture study project, mean malunion score was 2.8 points. In 49% of patients the fractures healed in anatomical shape or with mild malalignment. In 51% fractures healed with moderate or severe malalignment. Self-rated outcome was excellent or good in 65% of patients and moderate or poor in 35%. The raw data of varying nuances allow for comparison in future benchmark studies and metaanalysis. Detailed

  20. Translating Delirium Prevention Strategies for Elderly Adults with Hip Fracture into Routine Clinical Care: A Pragmatic Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freter, Susan; Koller, Katalin; Dunbar, Michael; MacKnight, Chris; Rockwood, Kenneth

    2017-03-01

    To compare the feasibility (adherence) and effectiveness (prevalence of delirium, length of stay, mortality, discharge site) of delirium-friendly preprinted postoperative orders (PPOs) for individuals with hip fracture, administered by regular orthopedic nurses, with routine postoperative orders. Pragmatic clinical trial to evaluate a quality improvement intervention. Tertiary care hospital. Individuals aged 65 and older admitted for hip fracture repair (N = 283). PPOs with delirium-friendly options and doses for nighttime sedation, analgesia, and nausea and attention to catheter removal and bowel movements. Adherence to PPO was compared with adherence to routine orders. Drug doses were recorded. Presence of delirium was documented using the Confusion Assessment Method and the Mini-Mental State Examination on postoperative Days 1, 3, and 5. Length of stay, discharge site, and in-hospital mortality were recorded. Orthopedic nurses adhered reasonably well with delirium-friendly PPOs. Of 283 participants, 42% developed postoperative delirium, with significantly less delirium in the intervention group (intervention 33%, control 51%, P = .001). The effect of the intervention was stronger in individuals with preexisting dementia (intervention 60%, control 97%, P delirium had longer hospital stays and were more likely to die or be discharged to a nursing home, but there was no significant between-group difference in these outcomes. It is possible to introduce delirium-friendly PPOs into routine post-hip fracture care in a representative elderly population including individuals with dementia. Delirium-friendly PPOs executed by regular nursing staff resulted in a significant reduction in postoperative delirium but no difference in other outcomes. © 2016 The Authors. The Journal of the American Geriatrics Society published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of The American Geriatrics Society.

  1. Femoral condyle insufficiency fractures: associated clinical and morphological findings and impact on outcome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Plett, Sara K.; Hackney, Lauren A.; Heilmeier, Ursula; Nardo, Lorenzo; Zhang, Chiyuan A.; Link, Thomas M. [Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, San Francisco, CA (United States); Yu, Aihong [Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, San Francisco, CA (United States); 4th Medical College of Peking University, Department of Radiology, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing (China)

    2015-12-15

    To determine the characteristics of femoral condyle insufficiency fracture (FCIF) lesions and their relative associations with the risk of clinical progression. This HIPAA-compliant retrospective study was approved by our Institutional Review Board. Seventy-three patients (age range, 19-95) were included after excluding patients with post-traumatic fractures, bone marrow infarct, osteochondritis dissecans, or underlying tumor. Two board-certified musculoskeletal radiologists classified morphologic findings including lesion diameter, associated bone marrow edema pattern, and associated cartilage/meniscus damage. Electronic medical charts were evaluated for symptoms, risk factors, and longitudinal outcomes, including total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Imaging characteristics were correlated with clinical findings, and comparison of outcome groups was performed using a regression model adjusted for age. The majority of patients with FCIF were women (64.4 %, 47/73), on average 10 years older than men (66.28 ± 15.86 years vs. 56.54 ± 10.39 years, p = 0.005). The most common location for FCIF was the central weight-bearing surface of the medial femoral condyle; overlying full thickness cartilage loss (75.7 %, 53/70) and ipsilateral meniscal injury (94.1 %, 64/68) were frequently associated. Clinical outcomes were variable, with 23.9 % (11/46) requiring TKA. Cartilage WORMS score, adjacent cartilage loss, and contralateral meniscal injury, in addition to decreased knee range of motion at presentation, were significantly associated with progression to TKA (p < 0.05). FCIF are frequently associated with overlying cartilage loss and ipsilateral meniscal injury. The extent of cartilage loss and meniscal damage, in addition to loss of knee range of motion at the time of presentation, are significantly associated with clinical progression. (orig.)

  2. Osteoporotic fractures of proximal femur: clinical and epidemiological features in a population of the city of São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Claudia Ramalho

    Full Text Available CONTEXT: It is believed that about 25% of menopausal women in the USA will exhibit some kind of fracture as a consequence of osteoporosis. Fractures of the proximal femur are associated with a greater number of deaths and disabilities and higher medical expenses than all the other osteoporotic fractures together. OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical and epidemiological features of patients with proximal femur fracture in hospitals in São Paulo. DESIGN: Transversal and retrospective study. LOCAL: Hospital São Paulo and Hospital Servidor Público Estadual "Francisco Morato Oliveira". PARTICIPANTS: Patients aged sixty-five years or more hospitalized because of proximal femur fracture, from March to November 1996 (N = 73. This group was compared to patients of the same age without fracture of the proximal femur. INTERVENTION: Evaluation of weight, height, body mass index; lifestyle habits (physical activity at home, ingestion of dairy calcium, drinking of coffee, smoking habit, gynecological history (ages at menarche and menopause, number of pregnancies and lactations, previous morbidity, use of medications, history of previous fractures, family history of osteoporosis. MEASUREMENT: The comparison of the different data regarding lifestyle habits between the two groups was made using the chi-squared test. Other data were analyzed using the Mann -- Whitney test. P £ 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: We noted a predominance of proximal femur fracture among females in relation to males (a female/male ratio of 3.3:1 with a progressive increase in the frequency of proximal femur fracture with age in both sexes. The group with proximal femur fracture, in comparison with the control group, showed a lower body mass index, less physical activity, and a greater number of pregnancies and lactations. Other data were not different. CONCLUSION: In accordance with the literature, we found a predomination of proximal femur fracture in women in relation to men

  3. Hemoptysis as the Presenting Clinical Sign of a T8-T9 Spine Fracture with Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis Changes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioannis Siasios

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH is a noninflammatory degenerative disease that affects multiple spine levels and, in combination with osteoporosis, makes vertebrae more prone to fractures, especially in elderly people. We describe a rare case of thoracic fracture in an ankylosed spine in which hemoptysis was the only clinical sign. The patient (age in the early 80s presented with chest pain and a cough associated with hemoptysis. The patient had no complaints of back pain and no neurological symptoms. Computed tomography (CT angiography of the chest revealed changes consistent with DISH, with fractures at the T8 and T9 vertebra as well as lung hemorrhage or contusion in the right lung base. CT and magnetic resonance imaging of the thoracic spine showed similar findings, with a recent T8-T9 fracture and DISH changes. The patient underwent percutaneous pedicle screw fixation from T7 to T11 and remained neurologically intact with an uneventful postoperative course.

  4. 桡骨远端骨膜瓣转位治疗舟状骨骨折不愈合%Treatment of nonunion of scaphoid with transposition of distal radial periosteal flap

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    成超; 杨惠光

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨桡骨远端骨膜瓣转位治疗舟状骨骨折不愈合的临床效果.方法:采取桡骨远端骨膜瓣转位治疗舟状骨骨折不愈合21例,对患者术前、术后腕关节功能采用改良Mayo腕关节功能评分进行评估.结果:21例均获得随访,随访时间6~ 19个月,优良率为95.2%.比较治疗前后腕关节功能,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论:桡骨远端骨膜瓣转位是治疗舟状骨骨折不愈合的有效方法,其疗效满意.%Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of transposition of distal radial periosteal flap for treatment of scaphoid nonunion. Methods: Transposition of distal radial periosteal flap were underwent in 21 patients with nonunion of scaphoid, the wrist joint function was evaluated with modified Mayo score system before and after operation. Results: The follow-up time were from 6 to 19 months,the good rate of the effect was 95. 2%. The wrist joint function was different statistically before and after treatment(P <0. 01). Conclusion: Transposition of distal radial periosteal flap is effective and satisfactory for treating nonunion of scaphoid.

  5. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound affects RUNX2 immunopositive osteogenic cells in delayed clinical fracture healing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rutten, S.; Nolte, P.A.; Korstjens, C.M.; Klein-Nulend, J.

    2009-01-01

    Introduction: Osteogenic cell proliferation and differentiation play an important role in adequate fracture healing, and is target for osteoinductive therapies in delayed fracture healing. The aim of this study was to investigate whether low-intensity pulsed ultrasound enhances fracture healing at t

  6. Clinical and radiographic predictors of acute compartment syndrome in the treatment of tibial plateau fractures: a retrospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gamulin, Axel; Lübbeke, Anne; Belinga, Patrick; Hoffmeyer, Pierre; Perneger, Thomas V; Zingg, Matthieu; Cunningham, Gregory

    2017-07-18

    The aim of the study was to evaluate the relation between demographic, injury-related, clinical and radiological factors of patients with tibial plateau fractures and the development of acute compartment syndrome. All consecutive adult patients with intra-articular tibial plateau fractures admitted in our urban academic medical centre between January 2005 and December 2009 were included in this retrospective cohort study. The main outcome measurement was the development of acute compartment syndrome. The charts of 265 patients (mean age 48.6 years) sustaining 269 intra-articular tibial plateau fractures were retrospectively reviewed. Acute compartment syndrome occurred in 28 fractures (10.4%). Four patients presented bilateral tibial plateau fractures; of them, 2 had unilateral, but none had bilateral acute compartment syndrome. Non-contiguous tibia fracture or knee dislocation and higher AO/OTA classification (type 41-C) were statistically significantly associated with the development of acute compartment syndrome in multivariable regression analysis, while younger age (compartment syndrome seemed unlikely during initial assessment. However, larger studies are mandatory to confirm and refine both factors in predicting the occurrence of acute compartment syndrome.

  7. Ibandronate dose response is associated with increases in bone mineral density and reductions in clinical fractures: results of a meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sebba, Anthony I; Emkey, Ronald D; Kohles, Joseph D; Sambrook, Philip N

    2009-03-01

    This meta-analysis pooled data from the four phase III clinical trials of ibandronate to assess the relationship between ibandronate dose, changes in bone mineral density, and rates of both clinical and non-vertebral fractures. Individual patient data from the intent-to-treat population of the BONE, IV fracture prevention, MOBILE, and DIVA studies were included for analysis. The relationship between ibandronate dose and bone mineral density at both the lumbar spine and at the total hip was assessed qualitatively. The relationship between lumbar spine bone mineral density and clinical fracture rate, and the relationship between total hip bone mineral density and non-vertebral fracture rate, were assessed both qualitatively and using mathematical models. A total of 8710 patients were included in this analysis. Both lumbar spine and total hip bone mineral density were observed to increase with increasing ibandronate dose. The incidence of all clinical fractures was observed to decrease as lumbar spine bone mineral density increased. A statistically significant inverse linear relationship was observed between percent change in lumbar spine bone mineral density and the rate of clinical fractures (P=0.005). A non-significant curvilinear relationship was observed between percent change in total hip bone mineral density and non-vertebral fracture rate. Increased ibandronate exposure is associated with increasing gains in the lumbar spine bone mineral density and decreasing clinical fracture rates. A non-linear relationship may exist between increases in the total hip bone mineral density and non-vertebral fracture rate.

  8. Are spontaneous fractures possible? An example of clinical application for personalised, multiscale neuro-musculo-skeletal modelling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viceconti, Marco; Taddei, Fulvia; Cristofolini, Luca; Martelli, Saulo; Falcinelli, Cristina; Schileo, Enrico

    2012-02-02

    Elderly frequently present variable degrees of osteopenia, sarcopenia, and neuromotor control degradation. Severely osteoporotic patients sometime fracture their femoral neck when falling. Is it possible that such fractures might occur without any fall, but rather spontaneously while the patient is performing normal movements such as level walking? The aim of this study was to verify if such spontaneous fractures are biomechanically possible, and in such case, which conditions of osteoporosis, sarcopenia, and neuromotor degradation could produce them. To the purpose, a probabilistic multiscale body-organ model validated against controlled experiments was used to predict the risk of spontaneous fractures in a population of 80-years old women, with normal weight and musculoskeletal anatomy, and variable degree of osteopenia, sarcopenia, and neuromotor control degradation. A multi-body inverse dynamics sub-model, coupled to a probabilistic neuromuscular sub-model, and to a femur finite element sub-model, formed the multiscale model, which was run within a Monte Carlo stochastic scheme, where the various parameters were varied randomly according to well defined distributions. The model predicted that neither extreme osteoporosis, nor extreme neuromotor degradation alone are sufficient to predict spontaneous fractures. However, when the two factors are combined an incidence of 0.4% of spontaneous fractures is predicted for the simulated population, which is consistent with clinical reports. When the model represented only severely osteoporotic patients, the incidence of spontaneous fractures increased to 29%. Thus, is biomechanically possible that spontaneous femoral neck fractures occur during level walking, due to a combination of severe osteoporosis and severe neuromotor degradation. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Analgesic effect of salmon calcitonin in osteoporotic vertebral fractures: a double-blind placebo-controlled clinical study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyritis, G P; Tsakalakos, N; Magiasis, B; Karachalios, T; Yiatzides, A; Tsekoura, M

    1991-12-01

    Back pain due to vertebral collapse is the main symptom of postmenopausal osteoporosis. The clinical picture in these crush fractures varies, depending on the type and the location of fracture, but in general, a new vertebral crush fracture gives rise to severe pain that immobilizes the patient and necessitates bedrest. In this double-blind controlled clinical trial, 56 patients who had recently (within the last 3 days) suffered an osteoporotic vertebral fracture were hospitalized for a period of 14 days. Salmon calcitonin (100 IU) or placebo injections were given daily. Pain was rated daily on a 10-point scale by the same observers. Blood and urinary parameters were also evaluated. The results showed a significant (P less than 0.001) difference in pain intensity between the calcitonin group and the placebo group. This beneficial effect was generally apparent from the second day of treatment onward, and over the following 2 weeks, the patients were able to sit and stand, and gradually started to walk again. A significant decrease in urinary hydroxyproline and urinary calcium was also noted in the calcitonin group. It is concluded that calcitonin exerts a beneficial effect on back pain following a vertebral crush fracture.

  10. Traumatic facial nerve palsy: CT patterns of facial nerve canal fracture and correlation with clinical severity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seo, Jae Cheol; Kim, Sang Joon; Park, Hyun Min; Lee, Young Suk; Lee, Jee Young [College of Medicine, Dankook Univ., Chonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-07-01

    To analyse the patterns of facial nerve canal injury seen at temporal bone computed tomography (CT) in patients with traumatic facial nerve palsy and to correlate these with clinical manifestations and outcome. Thirty cases of temporal bone CT in 29 patients with traumatic facial nerve palsy were analyzed with regard to the patterns of facial nerve canal involvement. The patterns were correlated with clinical grade, the electroneurographic (ENoG) findings, and clinical outcome. For clinical grading, the House-Brackmann scale was used, as follows:grade I-IV, partial palsy group; grade V-VI, complete palsy group. The electroneuronographic findings were categorized as mild to moderate (below 90%) or severe (90% and over) degeneration. In 25 cases, the bony wall of the facial nerve canals was involved directly (direct finding): discontinuity of the bony wall was onted in 22 cases, bony spicules in ten, and bony wall displacement in five. Indirect findings were canal widening in nine cases and adjacent bone fracture in two. In one case, there were no direct or indirect findings. All cases in which there was complete palsy (n=8) showed one or more direct findings including spicules in six, while in the incomplete palsy group (n=22), 17 cases showed direct findings. In the severe degeneration group (n=13), on ENog, 12 cases demonstrated direct findings, including spicules in nine cases. In 24 patients, symptoms of facial palsy showed improvement at follow up evaluation. Four of the five patients in whom symptoms did not improve had spicules. Among ten patients with spicules, five underwent surgery and symptoms improved in four of these; among the five patients not operated on , symptoms did not improve in three. In most patients with facial palsy after temporal bone injury, temporal bone CT revealed direct or indirect facial nerve canal involvement, and in complete palsy or severe degeneration groups, there were direct findings in most cases. We believe that meticulous

  11. Clinical significance of three dimensional finite element analysis on humerus fracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SU Jia-can; WAN Min; FU Qing-ge; ZHANG Chun-cai; XU Shuo-gui; REN Ke; WANG Jia-lin; XUE Zhao-jun; WU Jian-guo; DING Zu-quan; GAO Tang-cheng

    2002-01-01

    Objective: To treat humerus fracture with three dimensional pattern and finite element analysis,providing mechanical basis for treating humerus fracture. Methods: Humerus pattern was established based on the CT images, and calculation was done by ANSYS5.6 software. Three dimensional ten-node tetrahedron unit was selected and were divided into 2 729 nodes, 49 041 units. Distribution and amount of axial compression of humerus were analyzed when clip angle was 30°, 45°, 90° between fracture face and axial line with fixed X, Y, Z directions. Results: The distribution of stress was greatly different between fracture face and non fracture face. Stress in fracture part was fairly concentrated with incomplete symmetric distribution around the center of fracture face; Greater stressdistributed in the regions 10 mm from fracture face, which was 2-3 times that of other stress regions. Conclusion: Required load must be estimated under various conditions as to select the suitable internal fixation implants during the treatment of humerus fracture, which can provide helpful stress environment for fracture healing.

  12. Evaluation of an ultrasonic technique to remove fractured rotary nickel-titanium endodontic instruments from root canals: clinical cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, Jeff R; Parashos, Peter; Messer, Harold H

    2003-11-01

    The removal of fractured rotary nickel-titanium instruments from small, curved root canals is one of the most complex operative procedures in endodontics. There have been many different devices and techniques developed to remove fractured instruments, but none are consistently successful and all show a high incidence of canal damage such as perforation. A technique using a staging platform and the use of modern ultrasonic tips with direct visualization through a dental operating microscope has recently been evaluated. The use of this technique in clinical practice is described in 24 cases and illustrated by 3 cases.

  13. Role of locking plates in treatment of difficult ununited fractures: a clinical study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ashok Kumar; Himanshu Gupta; Chandra Shekhar Yadav; Shah Alam Khan; Shishir Rastogi

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To present our experience in treatment of difficult ununited long bone fractures with locking plate.Methods:Retrospective evaluation of locking plate fixation in 10 difficult nonunions of long bone fractures was done.Fixation was done with locking plate for femoral shaft fracture (3 patients),supracondylar fracture of femur (gap nonunion),fracture of clavicle,fracture of both forearm bones (radius and ulna) fracture of ulna,fracture of shaft of humerus,fracture of tibial diaphysis and supracondylar fracture of humerus (one patient each).Five fractures had more than one previous failed internal fixation.One patient had infected nonunion which was managed by debridement with cast immobilization followed by fixation with locking plate at six weeks.Seven fractures were atrophic,two were oligotrophic,and one was hypertrophic.Fibular autograft was used in 2 cases and iliac crest cancellous bone graft used in all the patients.Results:Minimum follow-up was 6 months (range,6 months to 2.5 years).Average rime for union was 3.4 months (range 2.5 to 6 months).None of the patients had platerelated complications or postoperative wound infections.Conclusion:Along with achieving stability with locking compression plate,meticulous soft tissue dissection,acceptable reduction,good fixation technique and bone grafting can help achieve union in difficult nonunion cases.Though locking plate does not by itself ensure bony union,we have found it to be another useful addition to our armamentarium for treating difficult fracture nonunions.

  14. Fractures of the distal radius (Colles' fracture)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    João Carlos Belloti; João Baptista Gomes dos Santos; Álvaro Nagib Atallah; Walter Manna Albertoni; Flavio Faloppa

    2007-01-01

    CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Although Colles' fracture is a common clinical situation for the orthopedist, we did not find any information in the literature that would allow safe decision-making on the best treatment for each fracture type...

  15. Angular-stable locking plate fixation of tibial plateau fractures-clinical and radiological midterm results in 101 patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sven Mardian

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Articular reconstruction and stable fixation of tibial plateau fractures and its various subtypes continue to represent a surgical challenge. Only few trials have studied results following angular stable plate fixation. The present study aimed to investigate the clinical, radiological, functional and quality of life results following tibial plateau fractures using angular stable plate fixation. Materials and Methods: 101 patients were retrospectively studied using functional (ROM; KSS; VAS, radiographic (osteoarthritis score, loss of reduction and quality of life (WOMAC; Lysholm scores. There were 46 males and 55 females. The average of patients was 51 years (range 22-77 years. Study groups were assigned according to the AO fracture classification. Results: Mean followup was 57 ± 30 months. Fracture type distribution revealed a significantly (P < 0.001 increased number of type B- (62.4% compared to C-fractures. Functional assessment showed a significantly better total KSS (84.1 ± 15.6 vs. 74.7 ± 18.0; P = 0.01 as well as ROM (active: 124°±17° vs. 116°±15°, P = 0.014; passive: 126°±18° vs. 118 ± 14°, P = 0.017 in the B-fracture group. VAS was found to be markedly higher (P = 0.0039 following type C-fractures. Rating osteoarthritis secondary to a tibial plateau fracture as a function of injury severity (r = 0.485; P < 0.001 and relating the loss of reduction to the grade of evolving osteoarthritis (r = 0.643;P < 0.001 a positive correlation was found. Quality of life showed significantly improved results for Lysholm score (P = 0.004 following B-fractures with low overall values for the WOMAC score. Conclusion: Presented data provide sufficient evidence that anatomic restoration of tibial plateau fractures with angular stable plate fixation result in decreased loss of reduction and declined incidence of posttraumatic osteoarthritis, thereby providing acceptable mid to long term outcome.

  16. Adult diaphyseal both-bone forearm fractures: A clinical and biomechanical comparison of four different fixations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, X F; Huang, J W; Mao, H X; Chen, W B; Luo, Y

    2016-05-01

    Although there have been a small number of studies reporting single bone fixation of either radius or ulna as well as hybrid fixation, the paucity of data for the hybrid fixation method still remains. Hybrid fixation with plate and IM nailing would achieve good fixation and functional outcome, minimal damage to soft tissues and lower re-fracture risk. Forty cadavers (20 males, 20 females; mean age 68.06, SD 1.58years) were selected in biomechanical study under axial loading, bending loading, and torsional loading. Eighty-seven patients (47 males, 40 females; mean age 38.03±0.88years) were enrolled in the clinical study and randomly received different fixation: both-bone plate fixation or both-bone intramedullary nailing, plate fixation of ulna and intramedullary nailing of radius and intramedullary nailing of ulna and plate fixation of radius. In the biomechanical study, intramedullary nailing of ulna and plate fixation of radius had similar results with that using both-bone plate method under axial, bending and torsional loading (All P>0.05), suggesting the more stable fixation compared with the other two groups (All Pradius showed the lowest incidence of postoperative complications and the best functional recovery outcome comparing with other three groups of patients (Both Pradius showed good stability in biomechanics, fewer complications and better functional clinical outcomes. Level II, prospective randomised study. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  17. Hamate fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarabia Condés, J M; Ibañez Martínez, L; Sánchez Carrasco, M A; Carrillo Julia, F J; Salmerón Martínez, E L

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present our experience in the treatment of the fractures of the hamate and to make a review of the literature on this topic. We retrospectively reviewed 10 patients treated in our clinic between 2005-2012 suffering from fractures of the hamate. Six cases were fractures of the body and four were fractures of the hamate. Five cases were of associated injuries. Diagnostic delay ranged from 30 days to 2 years. Patient follow-up ranged from 1 to 10 years. Patient satisfaction was evaluated using the DASH questionnaire. Five patients with a fracture of the body underwent surgery, and one was treated conservatively. Two patients with fracture of the hook of the hamate were treated with immobilization, and two more patients had the fragment removed. The grip strength and the digital clip were reduced in 2 cases. Flexion and extension of the wrist was limited in 3 cases. The mobility of the fingers was normal in all the cases, except in one. The results obtained from the DASH questionnaire were normal in all the cases, except in one case of fracture of the hamate, and in two cases of fracture of the body. The surgical treatment should reduce the dislocation and stabilize the injuries with osteosynthesis. The fractures of the hamate are usually diagnosed late, and the most recommended treatment is removal of the fragment, although it cannot be deduced from this study. Copyright © 2014 SECOT. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  18. Avascular necrosis (AVN) of the proximal fragment in scaphoid nonunion: Is intravenous contrast agent necessary in MRI?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmitt, R., E-mail: schmitt.radiologie@herzchirurgie.de [Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Cardiovascular Center, Bad Neustadt an der Saale (Germany); Christopoulos, G.; Wagner, M. [Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Cardiovascular Center, Bad Neustadt an der Saale (Germany); Krimmer, H. [Department of Hand Surgery, Cardiovascular Center, Bad Neustadt an der Saale (Germany); Fodor, S. [Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Cardiovascular Center, Bad Neustadt an der Saale (Germany); Schoonhoven, J. van; Prommersberger, K.J. [Department of Hand Surgery, Cardiovascular Center, Bad Neustadt an der Saale (Germany)

    2011-02-15

    Purpose: The purpose of this prospective study is to assess the diagnostic value of intravenously applied contrast agent for diagnosing osteonecrosis of the proximal fragment in scaphoid nonunion, and to compare the imaging results with intraoperative findings. Materials and methods: In 88 patients (7 women, 81 men) suffering from symptomatic scaphoid nonunion, preoperative MRI was performed (coronal PD-w FSE fs, sagittal-oblique T1-w SE nonenhanced and T1-w SE fs contrast-enhanced, sagittal T2*-w GRE). MRI interpretation was based on the intensity of contrast enhancement: 0 = none, 1 = focal, 2 = diffuse. Intraoperatively, the osseous viability was scored by means of bleeding points on the osteotomy site of the proximal scaphoid fragment: 0 = absent, 1 = moderate, 2 = good. Results: Intraoperatively, 17 necrotic, 29 compromised, and 42 normal proximal fragments were found. In nonenhanced MRI, bone viability was judged necrotic in 1 patient, compromised in 20 patients, and unaffected in 67 patients. Contrast-enhanced MRI revealed 14 necrotic, 21 compromised, and 53 normal proximal fragments. Judging surgical findings as the standard of reference, statistical analysis for nonenhanced MRI was: sensitivity 6.3%, specificity 100%, positive PV 100%, negative PV 82.6%, and accuracy 82.9%; statistics for contrast-enhanced MRI was: sensitivity 76.5%, specificity 98.6%, positive PV 92.9%, negative PV 94.6%, and accuracy 94.3%. Sensitivity for detecting avascular proximal fragments was significantly better (p < 0.001) in contrast-enhanced MRI in comparison to nonenhanced MRI. Conclusion: Viability of the proximal fragment in scaphoid nonunion can be significantly better assessed with the use of contrast-enhanced MRI as compared to nonenhanced MRI. Bone marrow edema is an inferior indicator of osteonecrosis. Application of intravenous gadolinium is recommended for imaging scaphoid nonunion.

  19. The clinical significance of adjacent rib involvement on MRI in patients with acute osteoporotic compression fractures of the thoracic spine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Hyun Joo; Kim, Jae Hyun; Kwon, Kui Hyang; Choi, Deuk Lin; Goo, Dong Erk; Suh, You Sung [Soonchunhyang Univ. Seoul Hospital/Soonchunhyang Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Bae, Won Kyung [Soonchunhyang Univ. Cheonan Hospital/Soonchunhyang Univ. College of Medicine, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-05-15

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the significance of the presence of adjacent rib involvement in osteoporotic compression fractures. All the patients with acute osteoporotic compression fractures of the thoracic spine on thoracic spine MRI that presented to our clinic between September 2003 and January 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. All the vertebrae were divided into two groups: those that showed signal intensity change in the rib adjacent to the compression fracture and those that did not. We compared the results between the two groups to determine if there were differences in the degree of osteoporosis, the compression fracture level and the age of patients between the two groups. We calculated the degree of correlation between the MRI and the bone scan images of these patients. We also reviewed whether percutaneous vertebroplasty relieved symptoms or not. Signal intensity changes were found in the adjacent rib(s) in 12 of the 60 patients and in 14 of the 94 levels (the total number of levels). The MRI and bone scan showed significant correlation (p < 0.001). There was a statistically significant difference in the incidence of pain at the one month outpatient follow up between the two groups (p = 0.0215). The radiologist should comment on the presence or absence of adjacent rib involvement when reporting on the thoracic spine MRI of patients suffering from osteoporotic compression fractures in order to more accurately determine prognosis.

  20. [Clinical features in the diagnosis and treatment of ankle fracture with Wagsaffe fragment].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Zhongyu; Xin, Jingyi; Liang, Jun

    2014-02-25

    To explore the methods in the diagnosis and treatment of ankle fracture with Wagsaffe fragment. Among 1 201 patients, there were 18 cases of concurrent Wagstaffe fractures at our hospital between January 2009 to January 2012. There were 11 males and 7 females with an average of 37.4 (17-54) years. The causes of injuries were fall (n = 10), sports-related injury (n = 4), traffic injury (n = 3) and high-altitude fall (n = 1). All of them had lateral malleolar fracture. Other injuries included internal malleolar fracture (n = 16), posterior malleolar fracture (n = 8) and disruption of medial deltoid ligament (n = 3). According to the Lauge-Hansen system, all fractures were of supination-external rotation type. The fractures of fibula and Wagstaffe were explored through an anterolateral approach. The lateral malleolar fracture was fixed with plate While Wagstaffe fragment secured with lag screw or thread. Disrupted anterior tibiofibular ligament was restored. Other treatments included open reduction and internal fixation of medial and posterior malleolus, repair of medial deltoid ligament and screw fixation of disrupted tibiofibular syndesmosis. Ankle function was evaluated by the Baird-Jackson criteria. Wagstaffe fracture occurred at a rate of 1.5% in ankle fractures. Wagstaffe fracture was found in 4.4% of ankle fracture of supination-external rotation type. Seventeen patients were followed up over an average follow-up period of 16.8 (12-25) months. All radiographs showed union of all fractures and normal mortise. Baird-Jackson ankle functional score was from 81 to 99. In all 17 patients, 9 were rated as excellent, 5 as good and 3 as fair. The excellent and good rate was 87.4%. At the latest follow-up, 14 patients resumed their preinjury activities. As an easily misdiagnosed condition, Wagstaffe fracture is associated with ankle diastase and prone to occur in ankle fracture of supination-external rotation type. Accurate reduction and stable fixation facilitate the

  1. Re-evaluation of low intensity pulsed ultrasound in treatment of tibial fractures (TRUST): randomized clinical trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhandari, Mohit; Einhorn, Thomas A; Schemitsch, Emil; Heckman, James D; Tornetta, Paul; Leung, Kwok-Sui; Heels-Ansdell, Diane; Makosso-Kallyth, Sun; Della Rocca, Gregory J; Jones, Clifford B; Guyatt, Gordon H

    2016-01-01

    Objective To determine whether low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS), compared with sham treatment, accelerates functional recovery and radiographic healing in patients with operatively managed tibial fractures. Design A concealed, randomized, blinded, sham controlled clinical trial with a parallel group design of 501 patients, enrolled between October 2008 and September 2012, and followed for one year. Setting 43 North American academic trauma centers. Participants Skeletally mature men or women with an open or closed tibial fracture amenable to intramedullary nail fixation. Exclusions comprised pilon fractures, tibial shaft fractures that extended into the joint and required reduction, pathological fractures, bilateral tibial fractures, segmental fractures, spiral fractures >7.5 cm in length, concomitant injuries that were likely to impair function for at least as long as the patient’s tibial fracture, and tibial fractures that showed 1 cm gap after surgical fixation. 3105 consecutive patients who underwent intramedullary nailing for tibial fracture were assessed, 599 were eligible and 501 provided informed consent and were enrolled. Interventions Patients were allocated centrally to self administer daily LIPUS (n=250) or use a sham device (n=251) until their tibial fracture showed radiographic healing or until one year after intramedullary fixation. Main outcome measures Primary registry specified outcome was time to radiographic healing within one year of fixation; secondary outcome was rate of non-union. Additional protocol specified outcomes included short form-36 (SF-36) physical component summary (PCS) scores, return to work, return to household activities, return to ≥80% of function before injury, return to leisure activities, time to full weight bearing, scores on the health utilities index (mark 3), and adverse events related to the device. Results SF-36 PCS data were acquired from 481/501 (96%) patients, for whom we had 2303/2886 (80

  2. Impact of sirolimus-eluting stent fractures without early cardiac events on long-term clinical outcomes: A multislice computed tomography study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ito, Tsuyoshi [Toyohashi Heart Center, Oyama-cho, Toyohashi (Japan); Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Department of Cardio-Renal Medicine and Hypertension, Nagoya (Japan); Kimura, Masashi; Ehara, Mariko; Terashima, Mitsuyasu; Nasu, Kenya; Kinoshita, Yoshihisa; Habara, Maoto; Tsuchikane, Etsuo; Suzuki, Takahiko [Toyohashi Heart Center, Oyama-cho, Toyohashi (Japan)

    2014-05-15

    This study sought to evaluate the impact of sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) fractures on long-term clinical outcomes using multislice computed tomography (MSCT). In this study, 528 patients undergoing 6- to 18-month follow-up 64-slice MSCT after SES implantation without early clinical events were followed clinically (the median follow-up interval was 4.6 years). A CT-detected stent fracture was defined as a complete gap with Hounsfield units (HU) <300 at the site of separation. The major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), including cardiac death, stent thrombosis, and target lesion revascularisation, were compared according to the presence of stent fracture. Stent fractures were observed in 39 patients (7.4 %). MACEs were more common in patients with CT-detected stent fractures than in those without (46 % vs. 7 %, p < 0.01). Univariate Cox regression analysis indicated a significant relationship between MACE and stent fracture [hazard ratio (HR) 7.65; p < 0.01], age (HR 1.03; p = 0.04), stent length (HR 1.03; p < 0.01), diabetes mellitus (HR 1.77; p = 0.04), and chronic total occlusion (HR 2.54; p = 0.01). In the multivariate model, stent fracture (HR 5.36; p < 0.01) and age (HR 1.03; p = 0.04) remained significant predictors of MACE. An SES fracture detected by MSCT without early clinical events was associated with long-term clinical adverse events. (orig.)

  3. Unusual combined fracture dislocation of the wrist and metacarpophalangeal joints: a case report and review of the literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mohamed Faouzi Hamdi

    2011-01-01

    Volar perilunate fracture dislocation is an extremely rare carpal injury, but associated with metacarpophalangeal joint dislocation of both the ipsilateral index and middle finger has never been reported. We report one case of a 28-year-old man following a high-energy trauma.After performing closed reduction of the metacarpophalangeal joint injury, open reduction of the wrist injury through volar approach was done, and a K-wire fixation was used to stabilize the scaphoid fracture and lunotriquetral joint. After a 16 months' follow-up period, the wrist regained a full range of motion without symptoms, and the fractured bone was strengthened in a good position.

  4. The clinical implications of severe low rib fracture in the management of diaphragm injury: A Case Control Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Seongyup; Choi, Woo Jin; Lee, Kawng Ho; Byun, Chun Sung; Bae, Keum Seok; Park, Il Hwan

    2017-06-01

    The objective of this study was to analyze the differences in clinical presentation and characteristics with regard to diaphragmatic injury between blunt trauma patients with severe low rib fractures and those without severe low rib fractures. The medical records of all patients with diaphragmatic injuries who were surgically treated at this level I trauma center, between January 2004 and December 2016 were reviewed. Patient notes, radiologic findings, and operative reports were evaluated. All of the diaphragmatic injuries were confirmed based on the operative findings. Rib fracture with displacement between the ends of the fracture of more than half the width of the fractured rib on computed tomography was classified as 'severe rib fracture'. Patients were categorized into 2 groups and analyzed: those who had more than one severe rib fracture in low ribs on the ipsilateral side of the diaphragm injury (Severe group), and those with no severe rib fracture (Non-severe group). Delayed diagnosis of diaphragmatic injury was more frequent in the Severe group than in the Non-severe group (81.8% vs 36.8%, p-value = 0.026). With regard to initial indications for operation, intrathoracic visceral herniation was more frequent in the Non-severe group (78.9% vs 18.2%, p-value = 0.002), while hemothorax was more frequent in the Severe group (63.6% vs 5.3%, p-value = 0.001). Central type diaphragmatic laceration was more frequent in the Non-severe group than in the Severe group (78.9% vs 18.2%, p-value = 0.002). The diameter of diaphragmatic injury was larger in the Non-severe group than in the Severe group (9.70 ± 4.10 cm vs 4.80 ± 3.60 cm, p-value = 0.004). The results of this study imply that a low threshold for thoracotomy or laparotomy should be considered in blunt trauma patients with severe low rib fractures for the purpose of hidden diaphragmatic injury detection and management. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  5. [Analysis of clinical medication rules in 48 398 patients with limb fractures based on hospital information system].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jia, Cheng-Hui; Zhang, Yin; Xie, Yan-Ming; Wei, Xu; Yin, He; Feng, Bo; Zhuang, Yan

    2016-07-01

    To explore the clinical medication rules in the patients with limb fractures, and provide guidance for clinical practice. Data of 48 398 patients with limb fractures from 2001 to 2011 was extracted from the hospital information system(HIS) established by the institute of basic research in clinical medicine, China academy of Chinese medical sciences. The gender and age distribution of patients and clinical medication characteristics were described. Apriori algorithm was adopted to analyze the common drug combinations of Chinese medicine(CM) and western medicine(WM). The study results showed that the ratio of included males and females was 1.83∶1. There was a high peak of incidence for the patients from 18 to 44 years. Apriori algorithm showed that the usage of WM was more frequent than that of CM. The most commonly used CM was Lugua polypeptide and sodium aescinate injection. Blood-activating and stasis-resolving medicines, as well as tendons and bones-strengthening medicines were the commonly used CM types. In addition, WM antibiotics plus blood-activating and stasis-resolving CM, or antibiotics plus tendons and bones-strengthening CM was the most commonly used drug combination. Based on the analysis of available data, the prevalence of limb fracture was higher in men than in women; more in young and middle-aged patients; the common drug combination was antibiotics plus blood-activating and stasis-resolving CM, or antibiotics plus tendons and bones-strengthening CM. More prospective and high-quality clinical trials are necessary to evaluate the effect of CM or integrative medicine treatment for limb fracture in the future research. Copyright© by the Chinese Pharmaceutical Association.

  6. Stress fractures of ankle and wrist in childhood: nature and frequency

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oestreich, Alan E. [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Bhojwani, Nicholas [University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH (United States)

    2010-08-15

    Stress fractures of many etiologies are found not infrequently in various tarsal bones but are less commonly recognized in carpal bones. To assess the distribution of tarsal and carpal stress fractures. During the last three decades, the senior author collected locations of tarsal and carpal bone stress fracture callus seen on plain radiographs. 527 children with tarsal and carpal stress fractures were identified (88 children had multiple bones involved). The totals were: calcaneus 244, cuboid 188, talus 121, navicular 24, cuneiforms 23, capitate 18, lunate 1, and scaphoid 1. Stress fractures were more frequently seen once we became aware each particular bone could be involved. Tarsal and carpal stress fractures in children are not rare. Careful perusal of these bones is urged in all susceptible children with limping or wrist pain. (orig.)

  7. A comparison of MRI, radiographic and clinical findings of the position of the TMJ articular disc following open treatment of condylar neck fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Alexander; Zahnert, Diana; Klengel, Steffen; Loukota, Richard; Eckelt, Uwe

    2007-10-01

    We examined the position and function of the articular disc after open treatment of condylar fractures by comparing magnetic resonance images (MRI) and radiographs with clinical data. MRI and radiographs were taken after treatment of 28 patients with 33 fractures of the mandibular condyles. In all cases, the disc was located in the fossa after open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). The MRI, radiographic and clinical findings did not correlate, and damage to the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) could be seen more clearly on MRI than on clinical or radiographic examination. Damage to soft tissues seen on MRI after treatment was more pronounced in dislocated than in displaced fractures.

  8. Assessment of fracture risk

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kanis, John A. [WHO Collaborating Centre for Metabolic Bone Diseases, University of Sheffield Medical School, Beech Hill Road, Sheffield S10 2RX (United Kingdom)], E-mail: w.j.pontefract@sheffield.ac.uk; Johansson, Helena; Oden, Anders [WHO Collaborating Centre for Metabolic Bone Diseases, University of Sheffield Medical School, Beech Hill Road, Sheffield S10 2RX (United Kingdom); McCloskey, Eugene V. [WHO Collaborating Centre for Metabolic Bone Diseases, University of Sheffield Medical School, Beech Hill Road, Sheffield S10 2RX (United Kingdom); Osteoporosis Centre, Northern General Hospital, Sheffield (United Kingdom)

    2009-09-15

    Fractures are a common complication of osteoporosis. Although osteoporosis is defined by bone mineral density at the femoral neck, other sites and validated techniques can be used for fracture prediction. Several clinical risk factors contribute to fracture risk independently of BMD. These include age, prior fragility fracture, smoking, excess alcohol, family history of hip fracture, rheumatoid arthritis and the use of oral glucocorticoids. These risk factors in conjunction with BMD can be integrated to provide estimates of fracture probability using the FRAX tool. Fracture probability rather than BMD alone can be used to fashion strategies for the assessment and treatment of osteoporosis.

  9. Compliance of an elderly hip fracture population with secondary preventative measures. Efficacy of a simple clinical practice intervention.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Street, John

    2012-02-03

    Secondary pharmaceutical measures are effective in all age groups for the prevention of osteoporotic fractures. This prospective study determines the demographics of 566 consecutive osteoporotic hip fractures presenting to a Level 1 Trauma Center. We examine the efficacy of simple treatment recommendations for pharmaceutical treatment of osteoporosis and the factors determining general practitioner and patient compliance with these recommendations in a community setting. One out of four patients (24.5%) had sustained a previous fragility fracture. Mean age was 80 years. Twenty five percent were resident in a nursing home and only 10% were taking anti-resorptive therapy preoperatively. In hospital mortality was 6%, and 39% of recruited patients were dead at 12 months. By this time more than half the survivors were resident in a nursing home. The compliance with anti-resorptive therapy had increased to over 70% consequent to our simple recommendations. Significant differences in GP and patient compliance were observed between nursing home and own residence dwellers. This study demonstrates the efficacy of a simple clinical practice intervention in increasing patient and GP compliance with secondary fracture prevention measures. We also discuss many of the confounding issues determining this compliance.

  10. Clinical outcome following use of transconjunctival approach in reducing orbitozygomaticomaxillary complex fractures

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Background: The increasing emphasis on the open reduction and internal fixation of orbito-zygomatico-maxillary complex fractures has led to a more critical appraisal of the various surgical approaches to the orbital and zygomatic skeleton. Transconjunctival approach popularized by Tessier although credited to Bourquet in 1924 offer excellent exposure of the orbito-zygomatico-maxillary complex fracture especially the infra-orbital rim, frontozygomatic suture and the orbital floor. The argument...

  11. [Clinical application of the combination of postural reduction and kyphoplasty for traumatic thoracolumbar spine fractures].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Hong-bin; Bao, Feng; Ji, Xiang-rong; Fan, Shun-wu; Chen, Hong-wei

    2008-09-01

    To determine the efficacy and feasibility of the combination of postural reduction and percutaneous kyphoplasty for traumatic thoracolumbar spine fractures. Thirty-seven patients with single level traumatic thoracolumbar spine fractures were included in this study. There are 28 males and 9 females, with an average age of 48 years (range 24 to 79 years). Patients were treated with postural reduction and then percutaneous vertebroplasty with Calcium Phosphate Cement (CPC) were performed on the fractured vertebra. The results were quantitatively evaluated, according to the concept of estimated vertebral height loss and kyphotic angle of the vertebral fractures by preoperative and postoperative plain standing lateral radiographs. Visual analog scale (VAS) and the fracture vertebra shape changes were recorded. Patients were followed up for 9 to 24 months (average 13 months), pain was significantly relieved compared with the preoperative, VAS was reduced averagely from 7.6 +/- 2.5 to 1.8 +/- 1.5, the anterior and middle vertebral height was restored and kyphotic angle was corrected. During the period of follow up, outcomes were satisfactory, without notable correction loss. If the indications are correctly handled, the combination of postural reduction and percutaneous kyphoplasty for the treatment of traumatic thoracolumbar spine fractures can provide significant pain relieve and restore the vertebral height and kyphotic angle.

  12. Clinical evaluation of Crosstrees pod kyphoplasty in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Jianwei; Zhang, Zheng; Huasong, Ma; Tan, Rong; Zou, Dewei

    2013-08-01

    Although percutaneous vertebroplasty and balloon kyphoplasty have improved the management of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs), these techniques still suffer from inherent disadvantages and complications, such as cement leakage. This prospective pilot study evaluated the clinical outcomes of 15 OVCF patients treated with a new technique, the Crosstrees pod kyphoplasty (C-pod kyphoplasty). This is in fact a balloon kyphoplasty, where the balloon is filled with cement, then opened and removed. The VAS for back pain decreased significantly from 8.9 +/- 1.4 preoperatively to 2.1 +/- 13 at 24hrs postoperatively, and to 2.2 +/-1.5 at final followup (p = 0.001). Likewise, the ODI score decreased significantly from 86.1 +/- 8.7 preoperatively to 30.5+/-7.5 at 24 h, and to 32.8 +/- 8.3 at final follow up (p = 0.001). The average vertebral height increased significantly from 14.50 1.34 mm preoperatively to 23.20 1.12 mm 24 h postoperatively and to 22.82 +/- 0.85 mm at final follow-up (p = 0.002). The kyphotic angle decreased significantly from preoperatively (28.50 +/-1.85 degrees) to 24 h postoperatively (11.30 +/-1.40 degrees) and to final follow-up (12.48 +/- 0.70 degrees) (p = 0.005). Cement leakage, infection, pulmonary embolism or nerve injury were not seen. The C-pod kyphoplasty may be an effective minimally invasive procedure to treat OVCFs, with a decreased complication rate compared with vertebroplasty and balloon kyphoplasty.

  13. Clinical efficacy of poking reduction, bone grafting and pedicle screw implanting through injured vertebra in treatment of thoracolumbar burst fracture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Da LIU

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective  To evaluate the clinical efficacy of poking reduction, bone grafting and pedicle screw implanting through injured vertebra in treatment of thoracolumbar burst fracture. Methods  Fifty-seven patients with thoracolumbar burst fractures between January 2013 and December 2013 were treated in Chengdu Military General Hospital by poking reduction, bone grafting and pedicle screw implanting through injured vertebra. All the patients were observed and recorded for basic conditions and complications. At pre-operation, 1 week post-operation and last follow-up, pain visual analogue scale (VAS and neurological function score (ASIA were recorded and the compression ratio of anterior edge and posterior edge of fractured vertebra, compression ratio of spinal canal and Cobb angle were measured and statistically analyzed in all the patients. Results  All the patients acquired surgical success with operation time about 70-120min and blood loss about 120-280ml. There was no spinal cord or nerve injury and no dural tear during the surgery. All the patients were followed up for 12 to 36 months and the neurological function significantly recovered. X-ray and CT examination at last follow-up showed good fracture healing, good position and no loosening of internal fixation device. At 1 week post-operation and last follow-up, VAS, compression ratio of anterior edge and posterior edge of fractured vertebra, compression ratio of spinal canal and Cobb angle were significantly lower than those at pre-operation (P0.05. Conclusions  Poking reduction, bone grafting and pedicle screw implanting through injured vertebra can effectively restore height of injured vertebra and reduce the compression of spinal canal, which will help correction of spinal kyphosis and recovery of spinal cord function. This method can well maintain height of injured vertebra and significantly reduce risk of long-term vertebral collapse. DOI: 10.11855/j.issn.0577-7402.2016.09.06

  14. Imaging of vertebral fractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ananya Panda

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Vertebral fracture is a common clinical problem. Osteoporosis is the leading cause of non-traumatic vertebral fracture. Often, vertebral fractures are not clinically suspected due to nonspecific presentation and are overlooked during routine interpretation of radiologic investigations. Moreover, once detected, many a times the radiologist fails to convey to the clinician in a meaningful way. Hence, vertebral fractures are a constant cause of morbidity and mortality. Presence of vertebral fracture increases the chance of fracture in another vertebra and also increases the risk of subsequent hip fracture. Early detection can lead to immediate therapeutic intervention improving further the quality of life. So, in this review, we wish to present a comprehensive overview of vertebral fracture imaging along with an algorithm of evaluation of vertebral fractures.

  15. Comparative clinical study of locking screws versus smooth locking pegs in volar plating of distal radius fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boretto, J G; Pacher, N; Giunta, D; Gallucci, G L; Alfie, V; De Carli, P

    2014-09-01

    The present study was performed to test the null hypothesis on no difference in stability of fixation after volar plating of intra-articular distal radius fractures (AO C2-C3) with either locking smooth pegs or locking screws in a clinical setting. A retrospective evaluation included adult patients with C2-C3 AO fractures treated with a volar plate with locking smooth pegs or locking screws. Radiographic assessment was performed to evaluate extra- and intra-articular parameters in the early postoperative period and after bone union. Twenty-seven consecutive patients were included. Thirteen cases had fixation with locking screws and 14 had fixation with locking smooth pegs. Both groups had bone fragment displacement after fixation. However, there were no significant differences between the groups either in extra- or intra-articular parameters defined by Kreder et al. (1996). Our study shows that, in a clinical setting, there is no difference in stability fixation between locking screws or smooth locking pegs in C2-C3 distal radius fractures.

  16. Fixation of complex proximal humeral fractures in elderly patients with a locking plate: A retrospective analysis of radiographic and clinical outcome and complications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fabio Rodia; Emmanouil Theodorakis; Georgios Touloupakis; Angelo Ventura

    2016-01-01

    Purpose:The optimal surgical treatment of displaced type B and C fractures of the proximal humerus in the elderly remains controversial.Good clinical results have been reported by plating these fractures as well as a high rate of complications.Our retrospective study aims to evaluate clinical recovery and complications using the S3 locking plate in elderly patients.Methods:Fifty-one patients older than 65 years of age,with a complex proximal humeral fracture type B or C (AO classification system),were included.Patients have been followed up for a minimum of 12 months.We assessed callus formation,radiological results,clinical outcome (according to the Constant Shoulder Score System) and complications.Any difference in the clinical recovery among the 2 types of fracture pattern (B and C) was investigated.Results:The mean time of fracture healing was 12.4 weeks.The mean Constant score at 3,6 and 12 months was 68,73 and 75 respectively.No statistically significant difference in the clinical outcome was observed between the B and C fracture patterns (p > 0.05).We noticed an overall of 5 complications (9.8%).There was no need to revision any of the implants.Conclusion:Anatomic reduction and proper plate positioning are essential for minimizing implantrelated complications.In our experience the S3 angular stability system offers a proper osteosyntesis and a good clinical recovery with a low rate of complications.

  17. Secondary prevention of osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures in real clinical practice and possibilities of its improvement with strontium ranelate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nataliya Vladimirovna Toroptsova

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The main ultimate goal of secondary prevention of osteoporosis (OP is to reduce the risk of fracture in patients with the already existing disease; the effect of pathogenetic agents develops only if they are used regularly and long. Low patient adherence to treatment minimizes all efforts to prevent OP complications. There is low-frequency prescription of pathogenetic antiosteoporotic agents to this category of patients. There is a wide range of pathogenetic antiosteoporotic drugs today. On choosing a medicine, a physician should rely on its proven efficacy and safety, as well as its convenience use for a specific patient. The data of an international clinical trial to prevent fractures during long-term therapy with strontium ranelate are given.

  18. A CLINICAL STUDY OF FIXATION O FRACTURE OF SHAFT OF HUMERUS WITH INTERLOCKING NAIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayachandra Reddy

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available the aim of the present study is to evaluate the results of closed interlocking intramedullary nail in the management of fractures of shaft humerus.20 humeral shaft fractures were treated by closed reduction and intramedullary interlocking nailing in the department of orthopaedics , government medical college , government general hospital , anantapuramu from November 2010 to A ug 2012. The cause of fracture was RTA in 17 cases and fall in 3 cas es. Age incidence varied from 20 years to 60 years , 14 were male 6 female. Out of 20 cases in 18 cases fracture united by 3 to 4 months. 2 non - unions occurred after 6 months. , Excellent results were obtained in 40% of the cases , good results in 20%of the cases , fair results in 25% and Poor results in 15% of the cases. M ost common complication was shoulder stiffness occurring in 5 cases. W e conclude that interlocking nailing for humerus shaft fractures is an effective means of fixation. T he most common complication is shoulder stiffness which can be minimized by preventing proximal protrusion of nail , proper repair of rotator cuff and early rehabilitation.

  19. Intraocular pressure variations during zygomatic fracture reduction and fixation: a clinical study.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Murray, Dylan J

    2012-02-03

    BACKGROUND: The reduction of midface fractures has been associated with the rare but devastating complication of blindness. An increase in intraocular pressure is important in the mechanism of blindness in this setting. In this study, the authors assessed the intraocular pressure in patients who underwent zygomatic fracture reduction (with or without fixation). METHODS: Using applanation tonometry, 29 patients underwent intraocular pressure measurements before, during, and after fracture fixation. The contralateral pressures were measured and used as the control. RESULTS: There were 29 patients with a mean age of 35 years, and the mean time to surgery was 5 days. Preoperatively, all patients had normal intraocular pressures and normal visual acuity. All patients underwent a Gillies lift and 18 patients required open reduction and fixation of the frontozygomatic suture (n = 4) or the infraorbital margin (n = 2), and the remainder (n = 12) required fixation of both points. There was no statistically significant increase in the intraocular pressures following the reduction of uncomplicated zygomatic fractures. Statistically significant pressure reductions were noted immediately after reduction and fixation. CONCLUSIONS: The surgical reduction of uncomplicated zygomatic fractures has no adverse effect on the intraocular pressure. It is the authors\\' opinion that adjunctive measures to reduce the pressures are unnecessary.

  20. Clinical evaluation of locking compression plate fixation for comminuted olecranon fractures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buijze, G.; Kloen, P.

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: In patients managed with plate fixation for the treatment of an olecranon fracture, the placement of an axial intramedullary screw may obstruct the placement of bicortical screws in the ulnar shaft. To overcome this problem, unicortical screws can be applied with use of a contoured locki

  1. How to improve retromandibular transmasseteric anteroparotid approach for mandibular condylar fractures: our clinical experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salgarelli, A C; Anesi, A; Bellini, P; Pollastri, G; Tanza, D; Barberini, S; Chiarini, L

    2013-04-01

    Fractures of the mandibular condyle are common and account for 25-35% of all mandibular fractures reported in the literature. Even with the development of a consensus on the preference for open reduction and internal fixation of these fractures, the clinician is still faced with a dilemma concerning the optimal approach to the ramus-condyle unit. Limited access and injury to the facial nerve are the most common problems. The most commonly used extraoral approaches are the submandibular, retromandibular and preauricular methods. In this study, we propose a modified cosmetic preauricular incision with a short end in the neck, to improve the transmasseteric anteroparotid (TMAP) approach previously described by Wilson et al. in 2005. We retrospectively analysed 13 patients treated in our department for mandibular condylar fractures. Post-operative complications, occlusal status, interincisal opening and joint tenderness were evaluated at 3 months after surgery. The wider skin incision described here provides a convenient approach for open reduction and rigid internal fixation, and good results were obtained. The follow-up ranged from 6 to 40 months.

  2. Minimally invasive technologies in the treatment of closed fractures of the intercondylar elevation of the knee: a clinical case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Евгений Владимирович Ворончихин

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Тhis article presents a clinical case of the surgical treatment of a fracture in the intercondylar eminences of the knee joint in a 7-year-old child. Closed fractures of the intercondylar exaltation are mainly a characteristic of childhood. This type of damage occurs by dysfunction of the knee resulting from instability. Because the fracture of the intercondylar eminences of the knee joint in children is similar to the damage of the anterior cruciate ligament in adults, the current course of knee surgery is a minimally invasive technique. These include fixation of the intercondylar exaltation using video stroboscopy as well as the assistance of various implants (e.g., screw, wire, and Dacron. In the children's Department of Traumatology and Orthopedics of the Federal Center of Traumatology, Orthopedics and Endoprosthesis Replacement in Barnaul, various surgeries are performed, including arthroscopy of the right knee joint, intercondylar exaltation reposition, and fixation of the intercondylar exaltation latch Lupine (De PuyMitek.

  3. The National Hip Fracture Database (NHFD) - Using a national clinical audit to raise standards of nursing care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johansen, Antony; Boulton, Christopher; Hertz, Karen; Ellis, Michael; Burgon, Vivienne; Rai, Sunil; Wakeman, Rob

    2017-08-01

    The National Hip Fracture Database (NHFD) is a key clinical governance programme for staff working in trauma wards across England, Wales and Northern Ireland. It uses prospectively collected information about the 65,000 people who present with hip fracture each year, and links these with information about the quality of care and outcome for each individual. The NHFD can, therefore, provide a picture of the care offered to frail older people with this injury - people who, between them, occupy nearly half of inpatient trauma beds. The NHFD uses its website (www.nhfd.co.uk) to feed back live information to each of the countries' 180 trauma units - allowing them to bench mark their performance against national standards, and against that in other hospitals. This helps to develop a consensus over the best care for frail older people in areas where national guidance is not yet available. This article shows how the NHFD is contributing to four key aspects of patient safety and nursing care: the prevention of pressure ulcers and post-operative delirium, the monitoring of falls incidence across hospitals and nutritional assessment of patients with hip fracture. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Percutaneous Stabilization System Osseofix® for Treatment of Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures - Clinical and Radiological Results after 12 Months.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephan Albrecht Ender

    Full Text Available A prospective consecutive cohort study (follow-up study.Our study investigated whether implantation of an expandable titanium mesh cage (Osseofix® is a successful and safe minimally invasive therapy for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (VCF. Our experiences, clinical and radiological findings after 12 months follow-up are presented. Kypho- and vertebroplasty are well-established minimally invasive procedures for the treatment of osteoporotic VCF. The main complications associated with both procedures are uncontrolled bone cement leakage. Therefore a suitable alternative has been investigated.During June 2010 to May 2011 24 patients were included with 32 osteoporotic VCF (T6 to L4. All of them were stabilized with the Osseofix® system. Preinterventionally we performed X-ray, MRI, and bone density measurements (DXA. Clinical and radiological results were evaluated preop., postop. and after 12 months postop. based on the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI and the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS, X-ray (Beck Index, Cobb-angle and CT.There was a significant improvement in the mean ODI (70,6% to 30,1% as well as a significant reduction in pain intensity (VAS (7,7 to 1,4 after 12 month. The mean kyphotic angle according to Cobb showed significant improvements (11,7° to 10,4° after 12 months. Postinterventional imaging showed only one case of loss of height in a stabilized vertebral body (3.1%. We saw no changes in posterior vertebral wall or adjacent fractures. Except for one pronounced postoperative hematoma we saw no surgical complications including no cement leakage.Stabilization of symptomatic osteoporotic VCF with Osseofix® system is a safe and effective procedure, even in fractures with posterior wall involvement. The clinical mid-term results are good at a very low complication rate. The Osseofix® system is an interesting alternative to the established procedures of cement augmentation.

  5. Rap system of stress stimulation can promote bone union after lower tibial bone fracture: a clinical research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Jian-fei; Shen, Jia-zuo; Li, Da-kun; Lin, Da-sheng; Li, Lin; Li, Qiang; Qi, Peng; Lian, Ke-jian; Ding, Zhen-qi

    2012-01-01

    Lower tibial bone fracture may easily cause bone delayed union or nonunion because of lacking of dynamic mechanical load. Research Group would design a new instrument as Rap System of Stress Stimulation (RSSS) to provide dynamic mechanical load which would promote lower tibial bone union postoperatively. This clinical research was conducted from January 2008 to December 2010, 92 patients(male 61/female 31, age 16-70 years, mean 36.3 years) who suffered lower tibial bone closed fracture were given intramedullary nail fixation and randomly averagely separated into experimental group and control group(according to the successively order when patients went for the admission procedure). Then researchers analysed the clinical healing time, full weight bearing time, VAS (Visual Analogue Scales) score and callus growth score of Lane-Sandhu in 3,6,12 months postoperatively. The delayed union and nonunion rates were compared at 6 and 12 months separately. All the 92 patients had been followed up (mean 14 months). Clinical bone healing time in experimental group was 88.78±8.80 days but control group was 107.91±9.03 days. Full weight bearing time in experimental group was 94.07±9.81 days but control group was 113.24±13.37 days respectively (PRSSS can intermittently provide dynamic mechanical load and stimulate callus formation, promote lower tibial bone union, reduce bone delayed union or nonunion rate. It is an adjuvant therapy for promoting bone union after lower tibial bone fracture.

  6. Alveolar process fractures in the permanent dentition. Part 1. Etiology and clinical characteristics. A retrospective analysis of 299 cases involving 815 teeth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andreasen, Jens Ove; Lauridsen, Eva

    2015-01-01

    process. RESULTS: Violence was the overall most frequent cause of injury in men (44%), whereas the three most common causes of this type of injury in women were violence (33%), falls (32%), or traffic injuries (26%). Fracture of the alveolar process occurred most frequently in the maxilla (74%) and less...... process fractures are rare. They occur most frequently in young males and are often associated with violence. Concomitant soft tissue injuries are frequent. This type of injury accordingly appears to result from a frontal impact transmitted through a soft tissue shield (the lips) where the zone of least......AIM: To describe the etiology and clinical characteristics of alveolar process fractures treated in a regional trauma clinic. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The study is a retrospective descriptive analysis of 299 patients (180 males, 119 females; 815 permanent teeth) diagnosed with fractures of the alveolar...

  7. The effect of osteoporotic treatment on the functional outcome, re-fracture rate, quality of life and mortality in patients with hip fractures: a prospective functional and clinical outcome study on 520 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makridis, Konstantinos G; Karachalios, Theofilos; Kontogeorgakos, Vasilios A; Badras, Leonidas S; Malizos, Konstantinos N

    2015-02-01

    Numerous high quality studies have shown the positive effects of various osteoporotic medical treatment regimens on bone mass and on the reduction of risk for new spinal, hip and non-spinal fractures in osteoporotic patients. However, the effect of osteoporotic treatment on the functional and clinical outcome of patients who have sustained hip fractures and been treated surgically has not yet been addressed. Five hundred and twenty patients out of 611 who were admitted (2009-2011), operated on due to a hip fracture and completed their follow-up evaluations were included in this study. Data related to functional outcome scores, re-fracture rate, quality of life and mortality rate were prospectively recorded, analysed and correlated to osteoporotic medical treatment. There were 151 (25%) men and 369 (71%) women with a mean age of 80.7 years (range, 60 to 90 years). At a mean follow-up of 27.5 months (range, 24 to 36 months) a mortality rate of 23.6% at 2 years was recorded. Mean values of functional and quality of life scores were found to have progressively improved within two years after surgery. Seventy-eight (15%) patients were taking osteoporotic treatment before their hip fracture and 89 (17.1%) started afterwards. Osteoporotic treatment proved to be an important predictor of functional recovery (all p valuesfracture rate (p=0.028) and quality of life (EQ-5D, all dimensions, p valuesfracture mortality rates. Osteoporotic treatment taken before or initiated after fracture is a strong predictor of functional and clinical outcome in patients with hip fractures treated surgically. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  8. Stimulation of bone formation and fracture healing with pulsed electromagnetic fields: biologic responses and clinical implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chalidis, B; Sachinis, N; Assiotis, A; Maccauro, G

    2011-01-01

    Pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) have been used for several years to supplement bone healing. However, the mode of action of this non-invasive method is still debated and quantification of its effect on fracture healing is widely varied. At cellular and molecular level, PEMF has been advocated to promote the synthesis of extracellular matrix proteins and exert a direct effect on the production of proteins that regulate gene transcription. Electromagnetic fields may also affect several membrane receptors and stimulate osteoblasts to secrete several growth factors such as bone morphogenic proteins 2 and 4 and TGF-beta. They could also accelerate intramedullary angiogenesis and improve the load to failure and stiffness of the bone. Although healing rates have been reported in up to 87 % of delayed unions and non-unions, the efficacy of the method is significantly varied while patient or fracture related variables could not be clearly associated with a successful outcome.

  9. Medial Malleoli Fractures: Clinical Comparison Between Newly Designed Sled Device and Conventional Screws.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maniar, Hemil; Kempegowda, Harish; Tawari, Akhil A; Rutter, Michael R; Borade, Amrut; Cush, Gerard; Horwitz, Daniel S

    2017-08-01

    The Trimed Medial Malleolar Sled is a newer device designed to treat medial malleolus fracture. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcome of medial malleolar fractures treated with the sled and conventional malleolar screws. After obtaining an institutional review board approval, we conducted a retrospective study to identify all skeletally mature patients who sustained an ankle fracture with medial malleolar involvement treated with the sled and we identified a matched cohort treated with conventional malleolar screws. The patients were divided into 2 groups: group A included patients treated with malleolar screws and group B included patients treated with the sled device. The outcomes measured included rate of union, implant removal, and pain over the implant site. Eighty-five medial malleolar ankle fractures were divided into 2 groups: group A included patients (n = 64) treated with malleolar screws and group B included patients (n = 21) treated with the sled device. In group A (n = 64), 62 patients (96.8%) achieved radiological union with a mean union rate of 11 weeks and 10 (15%) patients underwent repeat surgery for implant removal of which 3 patients (4.6%) had pain specifically over the medial implant. In group B (n = 21), all of the patients (100%) achieved radiological union with a mean union rate of 10.8 weeks and 3 patients (14.2%) underwent repeat surgery of which 1 (4.7%) was related to the medial pain. There is no significant difference between the groups for the outcomes measured, including rate of union (  P = .93), visual analog scale score for pain (  P = .07), implant removal (  P = .41), and pain over the implant site (  P = .88). Based on the data from our study, we conclude that there are no major differences between the sled devices and conventional screws relating to union rate and complications. Level III: Observational study.

  10. The effect of hydroxyapatite coated screw in the lateral fragility fractures of the femur. A prospective randomized clinical study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pesce, V; Maccagnano, G; Vicenti, G; Notarnicola, A; Moretti, L; Tafuri, S; Vanni, D; Salini, V; Moretti, B

    2014-01-01

    Due to a growing numbers of lateral fragility fractures of the femur and their high social costs the need to work out an effective strategy in order to find a better solution for these patients is warranted. From January 2010 to July 2011, we carried out a prospective randomized clinical study comparing the results of patients with femoral lateral fractures treated by nail and cephalic hydroxyapatite coated screws (study group including 27 patients) compared to the patients with the same fractures treated with nail and head standard screws (control group including 27 patients). We defined the two parts of the femoral neck as ROI 1 (under the head screw) and ROI 2 (above the femoral screw) on the AP view. The bone density of the two areas was calculated using DEXA at T0 (1st day post-surgery), at T1 (40th day post-surgery), at T2 (3 months later), at T3 (1 year later). The clinical-radiography evaluations were based on the Harris Hip Score (HHS), ADL test and x-ray views of the hip. As far as the bone mineral density average of ROI 1 and ROI 2 is concerned, we found a significant statistical increase at T1 and T3 in the study group, while it was not significant in the control group. We could account for this data through the higher mechanical stability of hydroxyapatite coated screws than standard screws. In fact, this material was responsible for improved implant osteointegration. Thanks to a 1 year follow-up we were able to demonstrate the implant utility associated with augmentation and the importance of densitometry exams such as easily repeatable and low cost diagnostics to prevent the onset of complications linked to screw loosening.

  11. Clinical effect of two operation methods in treatment of Sanders II type calcaneus fractures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dong Liu; Jun Hua; Yong-Ming Sun; Lu-Min Cao

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore the differences between percutaneous reduction hollow screw internal fixation and open reduction plate internal fixation in the treatment of Sanders II type calcaneal fracture.Method:68 patients with Sanders II type calcaneal fracture from January, 2012 to February, 2013 were divided into poking group and open reduction group, 34 cases in each group. They were treated with poking reduction and internal fixation, as well as open reduction and internal fixation, and then followed up for one year successfully. The operation time, hospitalization time, wound healing time and the amount of bleeding were compared. The Maryland foot score system was employed to assess the function recovery of two groups and the related complications were recorded.Result:The operation time, hospitalization time, incision healing time and the amount of bleeding in operation of poking group were significantly less than the open reduction group; The excellent rate of functional recovery of poking group and open reduction group were 79.41% and 82.35%. The difference between two groups had no statistical significance; the complication rate of poking group and open reduction group were 2.94% and 17.65%. The difference between two groups had statistical significance.Conclusion:Poking reduction combined with internal fixation for the treatment of Sanders II type calcaneal fracture can not only reduce the wound and intraoperative bleeding, shorten operation and hospitalization time, but also prevent the occurrence of complications.

  12. Percutaneous vertebroplasty compared to conservative treatment in patients with painful acute or subacute osteoporotic vertebral fractures: three-months follow-up in a clinical randomized study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rousing, Rikke; Andersen, Mikkel O; Jespersen, Stig M

    2009-01-01

    STUDY DESIGN: Clinical randomized study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to compare percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) to conservative treatment of patients with osteoporotic vertebral fractures in a clinical randomized study with respect to pain, physical and mental outcome, and to asses the ...

  13. Percutaneous vertebroplasty compared to conservative treatment in patients with painful acute or subacute osteoporotic vertebral fractures.Three months follow up in a clinical randomised study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rousing, Rikke

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Study design. Clinical randomised study.    Objective. The aim of this study is to compare PVP to conservative treatment of patients with osteoporotic vertebral fractures in a clinical randomised study with respect to pain, physical and mental outcome, and to asses the risk of adjacent f...

  14. Adopting and sustaining a Virtual Fracture Clinic model in the District Hospital setting – a quality improvement approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Logishetty, Kartik

    2017-01-01

    Virtual Fracture Clinics (VFCs) are an alternative to the conventional fracture clinics, to manage certain musculoskeletal injuries. This has recently been reported as a safe, cost-effective and efficient care model. As demonstrated at vanguard sites in the United Kingdom, VFCs can enhance patient care by standardising treatment and reducing outpatient appointments. This project demonstrates how a Quality Improvement approach was applied to introduce VFCs in the District General Hospital setting. We demonstrate how undertaking Process Mapping, Driver Diagrams, and Stakeholder Analysis can assist implementation. We discuss Whole Systems Measures applicable to VFCs, to consider how robust and specific data collection can progress this care model. Three Plan-Do-Study-Act cycles led to a change in practice over a 21-month period. Our target for uptake of new patients seen in VFCs within 6 months of starting was set at 50%. It increased from 0% to 56.1% soon after introduction, and plateaued at an average of 56.4% in the six-months before the end of the study period. Careful planning, frequent monitoring, and gathering feedback from a multidisciplinary team of varying seniority, were the important factors in transitioning to, and sustaining, a successful VFC model.

  15. Reproducibility of radiographic classification of scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) and scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse (SNAC) wrist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vishwanathan, K; Hearnden, A; Talwalkar, S; Hayton, M; Murali, S R; Trail, I A

    2013-09-01

    The aim of this study was to measure inter- and intra-observer agreement on the radiographic classification of scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) and scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse (SNAC) wrist. Radiographs of 41 patients with SLAC wrist and 47 patients with SNAC wrist were graded on two separate occasions by four orthopaedic consultants specializing in hand and wrist surgery. Inter-observer agreement was evaluated using the multi-rater kappa value. Landis and Koch criteria were used to assess the level of agreement. Intra-observer agreement was tested by re-grading the radiographs after an interval of 2 to 4 weeks and calculating the weighted kappa value. For SLAC wrist, the inter-observer agreement was moderate (kappa value = 0.59) and intra-observer agreement substantial (kappa value = 0.65). For SNAC wrist, the inter-observer agreement was slight (kappa value = 0.20) and intra-observer agreement was fair (kappa value = 0.29). Radiographic classification of SLAC wrist has moderate reliability and reproducibility, whereas classification of SNAC wrist has limited reliability.

  16. Acupuncture in Patients with a Vertebral Compression Fracture: A Protocol for a Randomized, Controlled, Pilot Clinical Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyun-jong Lee

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: A vertebral compression fracture (VCF is characterized by back pain and fracture of a vertebral body on spinal radiography. VCFs of the thoraco lumbar spine are common in the elderly. In general, appropriate analgesics should be prescribed to reduce pain and, thus, promote early mobilization. The ideal treatment approach for VCFs has not been determined. In Korea, acupuncture and herbal medication have been used to treat VCFs for many years. There is empirical evidence that acupuncture might benefit patients with a VCF. However, no randomized, controlled, clinical trials evaluating the efficacy and the safety of acupuncture for treating a VCF have been published. Therefore, we designed a randomized, controlled, pilot, clinical trial to obtain information for the design of a further full scale trial. Methods: A five week protocol for a randomized, controlled, pilot, clinical trial is presented. Fourteen patients will be recruited and randomly allocated to two groups: a control group receiving interlaminar epidural steroid injections once a week for three weeks, and an experimental group receiving interlaminar epidural steroid injections plus acupuncture treatment (three acupuncture sessions per week for three weeks, nine sessions in total. The primary outcomes will be the pain intensity (visual analogue scale and PainVisionTM system. The secondary outcome measurements will be the answers on the short form McGill pain questionnaire and the oswestry disability index. Assessments will be made at baseline and at one, three, and five weeks. The last assessment (week five will take place two weeks after treatment cessation. This study will provide both an indication of feasibility and a clinical foundation for a future large scale trial. The outcomes will provide additional resources for incorporating acupuncture into existing treatments, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, narcotics and vertebral augmentation. This article

  17. Percutaneous vertebroplasty for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures: experiences and prospective clinical outcome in 26 consecutive patients with 50 vertebral fractures; Perkutane Vertebroplastie der osteoporotischen Wirbelkoerperfraktur: Erfahrungen und prospektive Ergebnisse bei 26 Patienten mit 50 Frakturen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fessl, R.; Roemer, F.W.; Bohndorf, K. [Klinik fuer Diagnostische Radiologie und Neuroradiologie, Klinikum Augsburg (Germany)

    2005-06-01

    Purpose: prospective evaluation of vertebroplasty for osteoporotic compression fractures concerning pain reduction, demand of analgesics and quality of life. Material and Methods: in 26 consecutive patients, 50 vertebral fractures were treated by percutaneous vertebroplasty under fluoroscopic (n = 44) or combined fluoroscopic/CT guidance (n = 6). Prospective follow-up was performed after 6 (for 50 vertebral fractures) and 12 months (for 27 vertebral fractures). Visual analogue scale (VAS) and numeric rating scale (NRS) was applied for the assessment of pain. Subjective quality of life and analgesics demand was documented semi-quantitatively. Results: mean interval from the beginning of pain symptoms to therapy was 8.5 weeks. Vertebroplasty was technically successful in all evaluated patients. Pain severity decreased from 10 (defined at baseline as initial pain score) to 2.8 after 6 months and 2.7 after 12 months. Subjective quality of life was reported as very well, well or improved in 92% (n = 26 after 6 months) or 100% (n = 13 after 12 months). No need for additional analgesic therapy was observed in 69.3% (n = 26) after 6 months and 61.5% (n = 13) after 12 months. Eight newly developed vertebral fractures were observed during follow-up, with 5 fractures directly adjacent to previously treated vertebrae. Leakage of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) into the intervertebral space or spinal canal was observed in 22% and 20% respectively (n = 50 vertebrae). No neurologic deterioration or complications requiring surgery were observed. Conclusion: vertebroplasty is a successful therapeutic approach for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral fractures. Persistent improvement of clinical symptoms was shown at follow-up after 6 and 12 months. (orig.)

  18. Proton pump inhibitors in rheumatic diseases: clinical practice, drug interactions, bone fractures and risk of infections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Gremese

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Patients affected by acute coronary syndrome (ACS or by chronic inflammatory musculoskeletal and connective tissue diseases (i.e. systemic sclerosis, often need antiaggregant therapy (ASA or Clopidogrel. The concomitant use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs is suggested to reduce the risk of haemorrhage. Clopidogrel is a prodrug activated by cytocrome P 450. PPIs too have a CYP P450 metabolism, and a drug interaction has been observed between PPIs and clopidogrel. 25% of nonresponsiveness to clopidogrel is due to this drug interaction (1. Some studies have demonstrated that the use of PPIs is associated with an increased risk of bone fractures and Clostridium difficile infection.

  19. Phases 1–3 Clinical Trials Using Adult Stem Cells in Osteonecrosis and Nonunion Fractures

    OpenAIRE

    Jean-Philippe Hauzeur; Valérie Gangji

    2010-01-01

    Nonunion fractures and aseptic bone necrosis are two pathological conditions having some impairment of the cellular part of the repair: a reduction of MSC and of the osteoblastic activation. Both are good candidates for cell-based therapies using stem cells. We made a review of the published human trials. Only autologous bone marrow aspirate implantation was until now used. In Nonunion, a direct injection—15 to 150 ml—was made in 4 case series studies. In another, the bone marrow as...

  20. Imaging of insufficiency fractures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krestan, Christian [Department of Radiology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna General Hospital, Waehringerstr. 18-20, 1090 Vienna (Austria)], E-mail: christian.krestan@meduniwien.ac.at; Hojreh, Azadeh [Department of Radiology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna General Hospital, Waehringerstr. 18-20, 1090 Vienna (Austria)

    2009-09-15

    This review focuses on the occurrence, imaging and differential diagnosis of insufficiency fractures. Prevalence, the most common sites of insufficiency fractures and their clinical implications are discussed. Insufficiency fractures occur with normal stress exerted on weakened bone. Postmenopausal osteoporosis is the most common cause of insufficiency fractures. Other conditions which affect bone turnover include osteomalacia, hyperparathyroidism, chronic renal failure and high-dose glucocorticoid therapy. It is a challenge for the radiologist to detect and diagnose insufficiency fractures, and to differentiate them from other bone lesions. Radiographs are still the most widely used imaging method for identification of insufficiency fractures, but sensitivity is limited, depending on the location of the fractures. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a very sensitive tool to visualize bone marrow abnormalities associated with insufficiency fractures. Thin section, multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) depicts subtle fracture lines allowing direct visualization of cortical and trabecular bone. Bone scintigraphy still plays a role in detecting fractures, with good sensitivity but limited specificity. The most important differential diagnosis is underlying malignant disease leading to pathologic fractures. Bone densitometry and clinical history may also be helpful in confirming the diagnosis of insufficiency fractures.

  1. Prevalence of sarcopenia in acute hip fracture patients and its influence on short-term clinical outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Montalvo, Juan I; Alarcón, Teresa; Gotor, Pilar; Queipo, Rocío; Velasco, Rocío; Hoyos, Rubén; Pardo, Armando; Otero, Angel

    2016-09-01

    Current international criteria provide standardized procedures to diagnose sarcopenia in older people. However, to date few data exist on patients with acute disease. The present study was carried out to determine the frequency of sarcopenia in acute hip fracture patients, and its association with their baseline characteristics and prognosis during hospitalization. Data were collected from 509 consecutive patients hospitalized for hip fracture. The European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People Criteria for sarcopenia were applied in the first 72 h. Muscle mass was measured by electrical bioimpedance and grip strength by hydraulic dynamometer. Clinical, functional and cognitive characteristics were assessed at baseline and hospital discharge, and their association with the presence of sarcopenia was studied. A total of 479 patients (94%) met the inclusion criteria. The mean age was 85.3 (SD 6.8 years). The frequency of sarcopenia was 17.1% (12.4% in men, 18.3% in women). Sarcopenia was associated with residence in nursing homes (30.5% vs 19.6%, P = 0.030), older age (86.8, SD 6.2 vs 85.1, SD 6.9 years, P = 0.038), and lower body mass index (23.1, SD 3.6 vs 25.6, SD 4.23, P sarcopenia (OR 0.85, 95% CI 0.80-0.91). Sarcopenia was associated with worse functional prognosis at discharge in the crude analysis (OR 1.88, 95% CI 1.15-3.07), but not in the multivariate analysis (OR 1.68, 95% CI 0.99-2.84). Sarcopenia was detected in almost one of five acute hip fracture patients and was associated with lower body mass index, but an association with worse prognosis at discharge could not be confirmed. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2016; 16: 1021-1027. © 2015 Japan Geriatrics Society.

  2. Clinical analysis of osteoporosis fracture after fracture risk factors%骨质疏松骨折后再骨折风险因素的临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘强

    2015-01-01

    研究分析骨质疏松患者骨折后再骨折的风险因素,旨在为临床防治骨质疏松患者再骨折风险提供依据。方法:取我院收治的148例老年骨质疏松症患者为本次研究对象,根据骨折类型将其分为对照组(常规骨折80例)与实验组(再骨折68例),回顾性分析患者一般资料以及临床资料,综合分析其发生再骨折的相关影响因素。结果:BMD-T值、既往脊柱或者髋部骨折病史、女性、高龄、平卧至站位转换时间>20秒为骨质疏松患者再骨折的风险相关因素。结论:骨质疏松骨折初次发病患者仍然具有较高的再骨折发生率,应告知患者定期接受复查以评估骨密度,并做好相应的预防措施,特别是既往有脊柱或者髋部骨折病史的高龄女性患者,应积极服用药物,进行骨质疏松治疗,并开展针对性的运动协调技能以及防跌倒训练,有效预防再骨折。%Study of patients with osteoporosis fracture after fracture risk factors, to provide basis for clinical prevention and treatment of patients with osteoporosis and fracture risk.MethodsIn our hospital 148 cases of senile osteoporosis patients as the study object, depending on the type of fracture will be divided into control group (conventional fracture, 80 cases), the experimental group and subsequent fracture (n= 68), the general data and clinical data were retrospectively analyzed, and comprehensive analysis of the fracture of related influencing factors. Results The BMD - T value, the spine or hip fracture previous medical history, women, older age, prostrate to stance conversion time > 20 seconds for patients with osteoporosis and fracture risk factors.ConclusionThe first onset of osteoporosis fracture patients have a high incidence of fracture again, still should tell the patients receiving regular review in the evaluation of bone mineral density, and make corresponding prevention measures, especially

  3. Temporomandibular disorders due to improper surgical treatment of mandibular fracture: clinical report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mortellaro, Carmen; Rimondini, Lia; Farronato, Giampietro; Garagiola, Umberto; Varcellino, Vittorio; Berrone, Mattia

    2006-03-01

    A case of mandibular fracture surgically consolidated in a wrong position resulting in craniomandibular disorders is reported. The inadequate surgical alignment of the healed bony segments caused a malocclusion. This changed the original neuromuscular system such that compensatory mechanisms began to change the whole balance of the organism. The patient presented a mandibular crossbite, an asymmetry of the face, and extensive alteration of muscular, articular, and postural function. The bony malunion and malocclusion were treated using an interdisciplinary surgical-orthodontic treatment for correcting functional disorders and aesthetic deformity. Electromyography and computerized mandibular scanning were used to evaluate improvement of the muscular activity, during rest and function, and of the mandibular kinesiology. Timing of surgical treatment and adequate fixation and immobilization of fracture segments are very important to avoid complications such as infection, delayed union, nonunion, malunion, skeletal discrepancies, nerve injury, and (rarely) ankylosis. The surgical approach should be based on the general criteria of traumatologic therapy, restoring the original bone shape and the right occlusal relations as soon as possible.

  4. Randomized clinical trial on percutaneous minimally invasive osteosynthesis of fractures of the distal extremity of the radius,

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcio Aurélio Aita

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: the purpose of this study was to compare the postoperative radiological and clinical outcomes with minimally invasive percutaneous osteosynthesis using three implants: volar locking plate, intramedullary nail system and nonbridging external fixator for distal radius fractures.METHODS: forty-eight patients (A group, 16; B group 16; C group 16 underwent minimally invasive percutaneous osteosynthesis of reductible and unstable displaced (Type IIB by Rayhack Classification distal radius fractures. In B group intramedullary nail system was used, in A group the patients were treated with volar locking plate and in C group the patients were treated by nonbridging external fixator from January 2011 to December 2012. The mean follow-up period was 12 months. Radiologic parameters, range of motion, grip strength, and disability of the arm, shoulder, and hand score were evaluated at each examination (3rd and 6th week, and 12th months. The visual analog scale of wrist pain and complications were assessed at the final follow-up.RESULTS: the groups did not differ significantly in radiological outcomes after 12 months, but the clinical results, VAS scale and dash score in group A (volar locking plate and B (nail intramedullary were statistically significantly better than that of C group (nonbridging external fixator. One patient underwent an osteosynthesis with nail intramedullary and another with external fixator (C group developed persistent pain near the site of the superficial radial nerve because of the distal's screw and pins, respectively.CONCLUSION: in clinical parameters, significant differences in outcomes were found between groups A and B after six weeks versus C group.

  5. [Thoracolumbar fractures].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freslon, M; Bouaka, D; Coipeau, P; Defossez, G; Leclercq, N; Nebout, J; Marteau, E; Poilbout, N; Prebet, R

    2008-06-01

    Thoracolumbar fractures are frequent and the functional outcomes are sometimes severe. This multicentric study, including five medical centers, was performed to evaluate the long-term outcomes of the patients. One hundred and thirty six patients with thoracolumbar fracture (T11 to L2) was evaluated with a minimal follow-up of two years. Every one had a clinical exam with a score of Oswestry and an X-Ray study (before and after treatment and at revision). Most of them presented compression fractures, the most often at L1 level. On X-rays, a gain was noted on the vertebral kyphosis immediately after surgery, but there is a loss of correction over time whatever the treatment. The clinical outcomes for the patients were great, with an Oswestry average score of 6,4. A correlation was noted between this functional score and vertebral kyphosis. So, an anterior column strengthening (isolated or performed during the surgery) could improve these functional outcomes. Moreover, the Thoraco Lumbar Injury Severity Score (TLISS) seems to be a simple organigram to determine the most appropriate treatment of these fractures, with particular attention to the distraction mechanism or posterior ligamentous complex lesions. However, RMI before surgery is necessary to evaluate these lesions.

  6. Clinical Analysis for the Correlation of Intra-abdominal Organ Injury in the Patients with Rib Fracture

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background Although it is rare for the fracture itself to become a life threatening injury in patients suffering from rib fracture, the lives of these patients are occasionally threatened by other associated injuries. Especially, early discovery of patients with rib fracture and intra-abdominal organ injury is extremely important to the prognosis. This study analyzed the link between rib fracture and intra-abdominal injury to achieve improved treatment. Materials and Methods Among trauma patients that had visited the hospital emergency room from January 2007 to December 2009, a retrospective study was conducted on 453 patients suffering from rib fracture due to blunt trauma. Rib fracture was classified according to location (left, right, and bilateral), and according to level (upper rib fracture [1-2nd rib], middle rib fracture [3-8th rib], and lower rib fracture [9-12th rib]). The researched data was statistically compared and analyzed to investigate the correlation between the location, level, and number of rib fracture and intra-abdominal organ injury. Results Motor vehicle injury was found to be the most common mechanism of injury with 208 cases (46%). Associated injuries accompanied with rib fracture were generated in 276 cases (61%). Intra-abdominal organ injury was discovered in 97 cases (21%). Liver injury was the most common intra-abdominal injury associated with rib fracture with 39 cases (40%), followed by spleen injury, with 23 cases (23%). Intra-abdominal injury according to level of rib fracture was presented as upper rib fracture in 11 cases (11%), middle rib fracture in 31 cases (32%), and lower rib fracture in 55 cases (57%), thus verifying that intra-abdominal injuries were commonly accompanied in lower rib fractures (p=0.03). In particular, significant increase of intra-abdominal injury was presented in fractures below the 8th rib (p=0.03). The number of intra-abdominal injuries requiring emergency operations was significantly higher in patients

  7. Cooperative strategy for a dynamic ensemble of classification models in clinical applications: the case of MRI vertebral compression fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casti, Paola; Mencattini, Arianna; Nogueira-Barbosa, Marcello H; Frighetto-Pereira, Lucas; Azevedo-Marques, Paulo Mazzoncini; Martinelli, Eugenio; Di Natale, Corrado

    2017-06-14

    In clinical practice, the constructive consultation among experts improves the reliability of the diagnosis and leads to the definition of the treatment plan for the patient. Aggregation of the different opinions collected by many experts can be performed at the level of patient information, abnormality delineation, or final assessment. In this study, we present a novel cooperative strategy that exploits the dynamic contribution of the classification models composing the ensemble to make the final class assignment. As a proof of concept, we applied the proposed approach to the assessment of malignant infiltration in 103 vertebral compression fractures in magnetic resonance images. The results obtained with repeated random subsampling and receiver operating characteristic analysis indicate that the cooperative system statistically improved ([Formula: see text]) the classification accuracy of individual modules as well as of that based on the manual segmentation of the fractures provided by the experts. The performances have been also compared with those obtained with those of standard ensemble classification algorithms showing superior results.

  8. Clinical profiles and risk factors for outcomes in older patients with cervical and trochanteric hip fracture: similarities and differences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fisher Alexander A

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Data on clinical characteristics and outcomes in regard to hip fracture (HF type are controversial. This study aimed to evaluate whether clinical and laboratory predictors of poorer outcomes differ by HF type. Methods Prospective evaluation of 761 consecutively admitted patients (mean age 82.3 ± 8.8 years; 74.9% women with low-trauma non-pathological HF. Clinical characteristics and short-term outcomes were recorded. Haematological, renal, liver and thyroid status, C-reactive protein, cardiac troponin I, serum 25(OH vitamin D, PTH, leptin, adiponectin and resistin were determined. Results The cervical compared to the tronchanteric HF group was younger, have higher mean haemoglobin, albumin, adiponectin and resistin and lower PTH levels (all P 20 days CAD, and age > 75 years and hyperparathyroidism, respectively. Need of institutionalisation was predicted by age > 75 years and dementia in both groups and also by hypovitaminosis D in the cervical and by hyperparathyroidism in the trochanteric HF. Conclusions Clinical characteristics and incidence of poorer short-term outcomes in the two main HF types are rather similar but risk factors for certain outcomes are site-specific reflecting differences in underlying mechanisms.

  9. Clinical and experimental study on facial paralysis in temporal bone fracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Objective: To study the main prognostic factors and significanceof facial nerve decompression for facial paralysis in temporal bone fracture.Methods: The main relative prognostic factors of 64 patients with facial paralysis were analyzed. An experimental model of facial paralysis was made. The expansion rates of facial nerve in the facial canal opening group and the facial canal non-opening group were measured and observed under electron microscope.Results: The main factors affecting the prognosis were facial nerve decompression and selection of surgery time. The expansion rate of facial nerve in the facial canal opening group was significantly higher than that of the facial canal non-opening group (t=7.53, P<0.01). The injury degree of the nerve fiber in the facial canal non-opening group was severe.Conclusions: Early facial nerve decompression is beneficial to restoration of the facial nerve function.

  10. Femoral Pathological Fracture as the First Clinical Manifestation of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma in a Primigravida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Abu-Zaid

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Papillary thyroid carcinoma is the most common differentiated type of thyroid malignancy. It is largely a loco-regional disease with a high tendency to metastasize to regional cervical lymph nodes. Distant hematogenous metastases are very rare and primarily include lungs and bones. Distant bone metastases are present in approximately 1.7% of patients with differentiated thyroid malignancy. Sternum, ribs, and spine are the most frequent sites of osseous metastases. Up to our knowledge, we report the first occurrence of an extra nodal metastasis of papillary thyroid carcinoma to a femoral bone presenting as a pathological fracture in a 21-year-old 37-week primigravida. We report this case because of its unusual site of metastasis and atypical presentation during pregnancy. Moreover, we briefly elaborate on the management of such uncommon cases.

  11. Bone mineral density status and frequency of osteoporosis and clinical fractures in 155 patients with psoriatic arthritis followed in a university hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busquets, Noemi; Vaquero, Carmen Gómez; Moreno, Jesús Rodríguez; Vilaseca, Daniel Roig; Narváez, Javier; Carmona, Loreto; Nolla, Joan M

    2014-01-01

    To assess the bone mineral density (BMD) and the frequency of osteoporosis and clinical fractures in a large group of Spanish patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). BMD was determined by DXA in all the patients who were willing to participate and had peripheral PsA regularly evaluated in a tertiary university hospital. All patients underwent a physical examination and general laboratory analysis. We gathered demographic and clinical variables related with BMD and risk of fractures. We also recorded the history of clinical low impact fractures. The population of reference to calculate T-score and Z-score came from a Spanish database. One hundred and fifty-five patients were included (64 postmenopausal women, 26 premenopausal women and 65 men). The clinical forms of PsA were: 46% oligoarticular and 54% polyarticular. Mean disease duration was 13.7±9.4 years and mean ESR was 21.8±13.9mm/h; 66% of patients had received glucocorticoid treatment. We found no differences in BMD status between the patients and the Spanish general population, neither in the whole series nor in each defined subgroup. Frequency of osteoporosis was 16%; it was higher in postmenopausal women (28%) than in men (9%) or premenopausal women (4%). Frequency of clinical fractures was 13%; it accounted specially in postmenopausal women. The magnitude of the problem of osteoporosis in PsA seems to be mild. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

  12. 浅析骨盆骨折CT扫描的临床效果%Clinical effect of CT scan of pelvis fracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王利华

    2014-01-01

    objective to the clinical value of CT scan of pelvis fracture of pelvic fracture, improve the diagnosis rate, reduce misdiagnosis, missed diagnosis. Methods a retrospective analysis of 20 cases of pelvic fractures CT scan data. Results by spiral CT scans of 20 patients with diagnosis of pelvic fractures with pelvic hematoma, 4 cases of fracture of obturator muscle contusion in 2 cases, 1 case was bladder rupture. Conclusion pelvic fractures CT scan can reveal cannot be determined X-ray plain film damage, and by spiral CT scanning understanding of the fracture line, the shift of broken bones, and presence of pelvic cavity viscera damage, and provide important basis for clinical diagnosis accurately and properly handle.%目的:浅析骨盆骨折CT扫描的临床价值,提高骨盆骨折的确诊率,减少误诊、漏诊。方法回顾性分析20例骨盆骨折CT扫描资料。结果通过螺旋CT扫描确诊骨盆骨折20例,其中骨折合并盆腔血肿4例,闭孔内肌挫伤2例,膀胱破裂1例。结论骨盆骨折CT扫描可揭示X线平片不能确定的损伤,并通过螺旋CT扫描了解骨折的走行、碎骨片的移位及有无盆腔脏器损伤,为临床精确诊断和正确处理提供重要依据。

  13. Four-corner fusion and scaphoid excision using headless compression screws for SLAC and SNAC wrist deformities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richards, Allison Alexander; Afifi, Ahmed M; Moneim, Moheb S

    2011-06-01

    Scapholunate advanced collapse and scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse wrist deformities are the most common causes of traumatic arthritis of the wrist. Four-corner fusion and scaphoid excision has proven to be an effective procedure for relieving pain and preserving range of motion in the wrist joint. Several methods for providing fixation of the midcarpal joint during fusion have been used, including K-wires, staples, and the Spider plate. K-wire fixation has proven effective, but requires a period of cast immobilization to protect the fusion mass. The Spider plate was promising, but has not been without complications. The development and improvements in cannulated headless compression screws has resulted in increased indications for their use, including fixation for 4-corner fusion. We review the technique and tips developed by the senior author over the last several years using headless compression screws for fixation of the midcarpal joint. Acutrak 2 Standard implants were used. This technique has allowed for early range of motion with reliable fusion rates.

  14. A CLINICAL STUDY ON FUNCTIONAL OUTCOME AFTER COMBINED ARTHROSCOPIC AND FLUOROSCOPIC ASSISTED REDUCTION AND INTERNAL FIXATION OF CLOSED TIBIAL PLATEAU FRACTURES IN ADULTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhavani Prasad

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND AND INTRODUCTION: Management of tibial plateau fractures had witnessed tremendous improvement in surgical techniques over the past decades. Conservative treatment of these fractures results in consistently poor results. The present literature supports that absolute anatomi cal reduction and stable fixation of peri articular fractures followed by early post - operative rehabilitation is crucial for good results. And if this is achieved by minimal damage to soft tissue the results are much better. In this study it is achieved by arthroscopy and fluoroscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have conducted a prospective study between September 2009 to august 2013 including 9 patients with tibial plateau fractures treated with combined arthroscopic and fluoroscopic reduction and internal f ixation with or without bone grafting. And then the radiographic and functional evaluation done. RESULTS: According to Hohl’s clinical and radiographic scoring systems 4 patients were assessed excellent, 3 good, 2 fair. According to Rasmussen’s clinical sc oring system 4 patients excellent, 3 good and 2 fair results. CONCLUSION: The use of arthroscopy and fluoroscopy in the management of tibial plateau fractures results in good outcome. It also helped to simultaneously treat the meniscal injuries. But its use is mainly limited to Shatzkar type1, 2, 3, 4

  15. Clinical rehabilitation of condyloid fracture of jaw%下颌骨髁状突骨折临床康复治疗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卿安; 蓉史亮

    2002-01-01

    @@ Background: Condyloid fracture of jaw is more common in clinic, for which conservative treatment is suggested in children. Condyloid process can be repaired spontaneously in children to adaptation.Surgery will affect anatomy of normal joint, prevent jaw development, and result in articular adhesion or stiffness or limitation of mouth opening.

  16. Fractures of the occipital condyle clinical spectrum and course in eight patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Krüger

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Occipital condyle fractures (OCFs are considered to be rare injuries. OCFs are now diagnosed more often because of the widespread use of computed tomography. Our aim is to report the incidence, treatment and long term outcome of 8 patients with OCFs. Materials and Methods: All patients presenting with multiple trauma from 1993 to 2006 were analyzed retrospectively. Characteristics and course of the treatment were evaluated. Follow-up was performed after 11,7 years (range 5,9 to 19,3 years. Results: Nine cases of OCF in 8 patients were identified. All injuries resulted from high velocity trauma. The average scores on the ISS Scale were 39,6 (24-75 and 7,3 (3-15 on the GCS. According to Anderson′s classification, 5 cases of Type III and 4 cases of Type I fractures were identified. According to Tuli′s classification, 5 cases of Type IIA and 4 cases of Type I were found. Indications for immobilization with the halo-vest were type III injuries according to Anderson′s classification or Tuli′s type IIA injuries, respectively. Patients with Tuli′s type I injuries were treated with a Philadelphia collar for 6 weeks. In one patient with initial complete tetraplegia and one with incomplete neurological deficits the final follow-up neurologic examination showed no neurological impairment at all (Frankel-grade A to E, respectively B to E. At follow-up, 3 patients were asymptomatic. Four patients suffered from mild pain when turning their head, pain medication was necessary in one case only. Discussion: OCF`s are virtually undetectable using conventional radiography. In cases of high velocity, cranio-cervical trauma or impaired consciousness, high resolution CT-scans of the craniocervical junction must be performed. We suggest immobilization using a halo device for type III injuries according to Anderson′s classification or Tuli′s type IIa injuries, respectively. Patients with Tuli′s type I injuries should be treated with a

  17. Orbital fractures: a review

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    Jeffrey M Joseph

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Jeffrey M Joseph, Ioannis P GlavasDivision of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, New York University, New York, NY, USA; Manhattan Eye, Ear, and Throat Hospital, New York, NY, USAAbstract: This review of orbital fractures has three goals: 1 to understand the clinically relevant orbital anatomy with regard to periorbital trauma and orbital fractures, 2 to explain how to assess and examine a patient after periorbital trauma, and 3 to understand the medical and surgical management of orbital fractures. The article aims to summarize the evaluation and management of commonly encountered orbital fractures from the ophthalmologic perspective and to provide an overview for all practicing ophthalmologists and ophthalmologists in training.Keywords: orbit, trauma, fracture, orbital floor, medial wall, zygomatic, zygomatic complex, zmc fracture, zygomaticomaxillary complex fractures 

  18. Texture analysis of clinical radiographs using radon transform on a local scale for differentiation between post-menopausal women with and without hip fracture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boehm, Holger F.; Körner, Markus; Baumert, Bernhard; Linsenmaier, Ulrich; Reiser, Maximilian

    2011-03-01

    Osteoporosis is a chronic condition characterized by demineralization and destruction of bone tissue. Fractures associated with the disease are becoming an increasingly relevant issue for public health institutions. Prediction of fracture risk is a major focus research and, over the years, has been approched by various methods. Still, bone mineral density (BMD) obtained by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) remains the clinical gold-standard for diagnosis and follow-up of osteoporosis. However, DXA is restricted to specialized diagnostic centers and there exists considerable overlap in BMD results between populations of individuals with and without fractures. Clinically far more available than DXA is conventional x-ray imaging depicting trabecular bone structure in great detail. In this paper, we demonstrate that bone structure depicted by clinical radiographs can be analysed quantitatively by parameters obtained from the Radon Transform (RT). RT is a global analysis-tool for detection of predefined, parameterized patterns, e.g. straight lines or struts, representing suitable approximations of trabecular bone texture. The proposed algorithm differentiates between patients with and without fractures of the hip by application of various texture-metrics based on the Radon-Transform to standard x-ray images of the proximal femur. We consider three different regions-of-interest in the proximal femur (femoral head, neck, and inter-trochanteric area), and conduct an analysis with respect to correct classification of the fracture status. Performance of the novel approach is compared to DXA. We draw the conclusion that performance of RT is comparable to DXA and may become a useful supplement to densitometry for the prediction of fracture risk.

  19. Early experience of a fall and fracture prevention clinic at Mayo General Hospital.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Hanley, A

    2010-06-01

    Falls in the elderly are a significant public health problem. Previous studies have shown that most falls are multifactorial and an efficacious way of reducing the risk of falling is provided by a falls clinic.

  20. [Clinical and radiologic skills for fracture management. Multicenter study at orthopedics residents].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arredondo-Gómez, E; Pavía-Carrillo, E; Mendoza-Cruz, U

    2011-01-01

    There is a shortcoming in the diagnostic integration of the mechanism of injury and the radiographic findings. This leads to diagnostic errors and a poor surgical planning with labor and legal repercussions. The purpose is to find out which is the prevailing clinical skill in various Orthopedics residencies by applying a measurement tool prepared ex profeso. This is an exploratory study conducted in nine Orthopedics residency sites; a measurement tool was designed with theoretical and empirical adequacy with 0.96 reliability (Kuder-Richardson). It includes ten clinical cases with 200 questions providing only X-ray images of a traumatic event exploring the following aspects: I. Kinematics of trauma, II. Clinical diagnosis, III. Radiographic interpretation, IV. Treatment, and V. Prognosis. It was applied to residents of all grades at each of the participating sites. Most of the sites had a low to intermediate level of clinical skills. Upon assessing the results (82 residents) differences were found in indicators I, II, IV and in the overall skills. No significant differences were seen at the sites in indicators III and V. The assessment of sites by indicators showed that site one had more refined skills for clinical diagnosis, while site six for radiographic interpretation. There are differences in the development level of the clinical skills studied. The low to intermediate skills may be explained by the different educational strategies applied at the sites studied without ruling out the experience acquired in each academic grade. It is possible to improve the results by implementing participative strategies.

  1. Clinical management of a complicated crown-root fracture using autogenous tooth fragment: A biological restorative approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinaya Kumar Kulkarni

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Trauma resulting in crown-root fracture is one of the most challenging fracture types. However, biologic width involvement should be carefully evaluated. Reattachment of tooth fragment to a fractured tooth remains as the treatment of choice because of its simplicity, natural esthetics, and conservation of tooth structure. The reattachment procedure using composite resin should be considered if the subgingival fracture can be exposed to provide isolation. This report presents a case of complicated crown-root fracture of permanent maxillay left central incisor, involving the biologic width in a 10-year-old girl. The traumatized tooth was treated endodontically. Access to the subgingival margins was gained by orthodontic extrusion followed by gingivectomy. The fractured fragment was reattached using bonding system and composite resin.

  2. Clinical decision making associated with an undetected odontoid fracture in an older individual referred to physical therapy for the treatment of neck pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, Michael D; Cheeks, John M

    2008-07-01

    Resident's case problem. The purpose of this paper is to provide the examination of and decision-making process for a patient referred to physical therapy for the treatment of neck pain following trauma. She was found to have an underlying odontoid fracture that precluded physical therapy intervention. This case involved a 73-year-old woman who had a sudden onset of neck and left upper extremity pain after a fall 15 days prior to her initial physical therapy visit. Conventional cervical spine radiographs completed 1 day prior to her initial physical therapy visit were negative for a fracture. However, several components of this patient's history and physical examination were consistent with a condition for which physical therapy intervention would not be indicated until more definitive cervical spine diagnostic imaging had been completed; more specifically, the physical therapist was primarily concerned about the possibility of an undetected fracture. The referring physician was contacted and immediate magnetic resonance imaging was requested, which revealed a type II fracture of the odontoid. Thirty-four days after her fall, the patient underwent a C1-C2 fusion. When evaluating patients with neck pain who have a history of cervical spine trauma, it is important that physical therapists understand the clinical findings associated with cervical spine fractures, as these findings provide guidance for the use of cervical spine diagnostic imaging and medical referral prior to implementing physical therapy interventions. Diagnosis, level 4.

  3. A pragmatic study exploring the prevention of delirium among hospitalized older hip fracture patients: Applying evidence to routine clinical practice using clinical decision support

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schmaltz Heidi N

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Delirium occurs in up to 65% of older hip fracture patients. Developing delirium in hospital has been associated with a variety of adverse outcomes. Trials have shown that multi-component preventive interventions can lower delirium rates. The objective of this study was to implement and evaluate the effectiveness of an evidence-based electronic care pathway, which incorporates multi-component delirium strategies, among older hip fracture patients. We conducted a pragmatic study using an interrupted time series design in order to evaluate the use and impact of the intervention. The target population was all consenting patients aged 65 years or older admitted with an acute hip fracture to the orthopedic units at two Calgary, Alberta hospitals. The primary outcome was delirium rates. Secondary outcomes included length of hospital stay, in-hospital falls, in-hospital mortality, new discharges to long-term care, and readmissions. A Durbin Watson test was conducted to test for serial correlation and, because no correlation was found, Chi-square statistics, Wilcoxon test and logistic regression analyses were conducted as appropriate. At study completion, focus groups were conducted at each hospital to explore issues around the use of the order set. During the 40-week study period, 134 patients were enrolled. The intervention had no effect on the overall delirium rate (33% pre versus 31% post; p = 0.84. However, there was a significant interaction between study phase and hospital (p = 0.03. Although one hospital did not experience a decline in delirium rate, the delirium rate at the other hospital declined from 42% to 19% (p = 0.08. This difference by hospital was mirrored in focus group feedback. The hospital that experienced a decline in delirium rates was more supportive of the intervention. Overall, post-intervention there were no significant differences in mean length of stay (12 days post versus 14 days pre; p = 0.74, falls (6% post

  4. The construction and implementation of a clinical decision-making algorithm reduces the cost of adult fracture clinic visits by up to £104,800 per year: a quality improvement study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legg, P; Ramoutar, D; Shivji, F; Choudry, B; Milner, S

    2017-04-01

    INTRODUCTION Inappropriate referrals to the new patient fracture clinic unnecessarily consume hospital resources and many hospitals lack clear guidelines as to what should be referred. Many of these injuries can be definitively managed by the emergency department. Our aim was to construct and disseminate a clinical decision-making algorithm to reduce the frequency of inappropriate referrals to fracture clinics at our institution, to improve the management of patients with minor injuries and save the hospital and the patient the cost of unnecessary visits. MATERIALS AND METHODS Data were prospectively collected for all new fracture clinic referrals over two separate 1-week cycles with cohorts of 94 and 74 patients, respectively. After the first cycle, the referral algorithm was disseminated both electronically (intranet) and orally (presentations to emergency department staff). The results of this intervention were examined in the second cycle, which took place 6 months after the first cycle. RESULTS The introduction of this algorithm significantly reduced inappropriate referrals by almost 20% (P = 0.0445). DISCUSSION This simple intervention highlighted a potential annual cost saving of up to £104,000. We advocate the use of this concise algorithm in improving the efficiency of the referral system to fracture clinics.

  5. Are Bone Turnover Markers Related with Fracture Risk in Initial Diagnose Postmenopausal Osteoporosis? A Cross-Sectional Clinical Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şeniz Akçay Yalbuzdağ

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: In this study, we investigated the relationships between 10 year fracture risk calculated with FRAX assessment tool and bone turnover markers (BTM in women with diagnosed as postmenopausal osteoporosis for the first time. Materials and Methods: After exclusion of the causes of secondary osteoporosis 61 postmenopausal women diagnosed with osteoporosis for the first time were enrolled. Height and weight measurements, comorbid diseases, menopause age, and laboratory investigations were recorded. Lumbar and femur neck and femur total T scores were measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA. As BTM, serum osteocalcin (OC and urine deoxypridinoline levels were measured. 10-year fracture risk of hip and major osteoporotic fracture was calculated with FRAX assessment tool. Results: The mean age of patients was 61±39 years. Median value of menopause year was 15.13 years (min: 2, max: 40. The median 10-year hip fracture and major osteoporotic fracture risks were calculated as 1.10% (min: 0, max: 23, 6.9% (min: 3, max: 34 respectively. There was no significant relationship between BTM and fracture risk. Positive significant correlation was found between menopause year and hip fracture risk, and between menopause year and major osteoporotic fracture risks (p=0.031, 0.276; p=0.025, r=0.287. Negative significant correlation was detected between body mass index and hip fracture risk (p=0.002, r=-0.392. Conclusion: In our study, we couldn’t find relationship between BTM and fracture risks assessed by using FRAX tool in patients with initially diagnosed of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Further studies are needed to investigate the relationship between BTM and fracture risk in different patient groups. (Turkish Journal of Osteoporosis 2015;21: 58-62

  6. THE RESULTS OF THE CLINICAL USE OF A NEW METHOD OF OSTEOSYNTHESIS WITH NON-FREE BONE AUTOPLASTY AT THE MEDIAL FEMORAL NECK FRACTURES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. M. Tikhilov

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective - to improve treatment outcomes in patients with medial fractures of the femoral neck through the development and introduction into clinical practice a new method of fixation with non-free plastic by the autograft from the iliac crest on a permanent muscular-vascular pedicle. Materials and methods. A comparative analysis of short- and long-term results of surgical treatment of 57 patients with medial fractures of the femoral neck, which were divided into primary and control groups. The study group included 24 patients who have undergone an osteosynthesis with cannulated screws with additional autoplasty with vascularized graft from the iliac crest. The control group consisted of 33 patients who underwent fixation with cannulated screws for the traditional method. Results. The use of non-free bone autoplasty in the main group of patients provided the best short- and long-term outcomes: fracture healing occurred in all cases in a period of 6 to 8 months. The long-term results of treatment of 22 patients after 2-6 years after the operation showed comparatively better anatomical functional outcomes. Conclusions. The indications for the clinical use of the fixation with the non-free bone autotransplantation are prognostically unfavorable for the union medial fractures of the femoral neck (II-III types by Pauwels or III-IV types by Garden in patients aged under 60 years with no signs of deforming arthrosis II-III stages.

  7. Research and application of absorbable screw in orthopedics: a clinical review comparing PDLLA screw with metal screw in patients with simple medial malleolus fracture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TANG Jin

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available 【Abstract】Objective: To observe the therapeutic effect of absorbable screw in medial malleolus fracture and discuss its clinical application in orthopedics. Methods: A total of 129 patients with simple medial malleolus fracture were studied. Among them, 64 patients were treated with poly-D, L-lactic acid (PDLLA absorbable screws, while the others were treated with metal screws. All the patients were followed up for 12-20 months (averaged 18.4 months and the therapeutic effect was evaluated ac-cording to the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Soci-ety clinical rating systems. Results: In absorbable screw group, we obtained excel-lent and good results in 62 cases (96.88%; in steel screw group, 61 cases (93.85% achieved excellent and good results. There was no significant difference between the two groups. Conclusion: In the treatment of malleolus fracture, absorbable screw can achieve the same result compared with metal screw fixation. Absorbable screw is preferred due to its advantages of safety, cleanliness and avoiding the removal procedure associated with metallic implants. Key words: Ankle; Bone screws; Fractures, bone

  8. Clinical efficacy and safety of limited internal fixation combined with external fixation for Pilon fracture: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Shao-Bo; Zhang, Yi-Bao; Wang, Sheng-Hong; Zhang, Hua; Liu, Peng; Zhang, Wei; Ma, Jing-Lin; Wang, Jing

    2017-04-01

    To compare the clinical efficacy and complications of limited internal fixation combined with external fixation (LIFEF) and open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) in the treatment of Pilon fracture. We searched databases including Pubmed, Embase, Web of science, Cochrane Library and China Biology Medicine disc for the studies comparing clinical efficacy and complications of LIFEF and ORIF in the treatment of Pilon fracture. The clinical efficacy was evaluated by the rate of nonunion, malunion/delayed union and the excellent/good rate assessed by Mazur ankle score. The complications including infections and arthritis symptoms after surgery were also investigated. Nine trials including 498 pilon fractures of 494 patients were identified. The meta-analysis found no significant differences in nonunion rate (RR = 1.60, 95% CI: 0.66 to 3.86, p = 0.30), and the excellent/good rate (RR = 0.95, 95% CI: 0.86 to 1.04, p = 0.28) between LIFEF group and ORIF group. For assessment of infections, there were significant differences in the rate of deep infection (RR = 2.18, 95% CI: 1.34 to 3.55, p = 0.002), and the rate of arthritis (RR = 1.26, 95% CI: 1.03 to 1.53, p = 0.02) between LIFEF group and ORIF group. LIFEF has similar effect as ORIF in the treatment of pilon fractures, however, LIFEF group has significantly higher risk of complications than ORIF group does. So LIFEF is not recommended in the treatment of pilon fracture. Copyright © 2017 Daping Hospital and the Research Institute of Surgery of the Third Military Medical University. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Clinical outcomes in relation to locations of bone marrow edema lesions in patients with a subchondral insufficiency fracture of the hip: a review of fifteen cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikemura, Satoshi; Mawatari, Taro; Matsui, Gen; Iguchi, Takahiro; Mitsuyasu, Hiroaki

    2016-10-01

    The prognosis of patients with a subchondral insufficiency fracture remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between locations of bone marrow edema (BME) lesions and clinical outcome in patients with a subchondral insufficiency fracture of the hip. We retrospectively reviewed 15 consecutive hips in 14 patients who were diagnosed with subchondral insufficiency fracture of the hip at our institution between April 2013 and September 2014. This study included five males (six hips) and nine females (nine hips), ranging from 36 to 83 years of age (mean age: 66 years). The mean duration from the onset of hip pain to MRI examination was 1.8 months (range 0.5-5 months). Both clinical and imaging findings were investigated. Based on the findings of MR images, BME lesion in the femoral head alone was observed in six patients (six hips), BME lesion in the acetabulum alone was observed in one patient (two hips) and BME lesions in both the femoral head and acetabulum were observed in seven patients (seven hips). 3 of 15 hips resulted in rapidly destructive arthrosis and their BME lesions were observed in both the femoral head and acetabulum. 8 of 15 hips successfully healed by conservative treatment and BME lesions in 7 of these 8 hips were observed in only the femoral head or acetabulum. The results of this study indicate that the locations of BME lesions (femoral side alone, acetabular side alone or both) may be related to the clinical outcome in patients with a subchondral insufficiency fracture of the hip. Patients with subchondral insufficiency fracture of the hip in whom BME lesions were observed in both the femoral head and acetabulum may have a higher risk to need to undergo total hip arthroplasty.

  10. Radiographic diagnosis of sagittal plane rotational displacement in pelvic fractures: a cadaveric model and clinical case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shui, Xiaolong; Ying, Xiaozhou; Kong, Jianzhong; Feng, Yongzeng; Hu, Wei; Guo, Xiaoshan; Wang, Gang

    2015-08-01

    Our objective was to measure the sagittal plane rotational (flexion and extension) displacement of hemipelvis radiologically and analyze the ratio of flexion and extension displacement of unstable pelvic fractures. We used 8 cadaveric models to study the radiographic evidence of pelvic fractures in the sagittal plane. We performed pelvic osteotomy on 8 cadavers to simulate anterior and posterior pelvic ring injury. Radiological data were measured in the flexion and extension group under different angles (5°, 10°, 15°, 20°, and 25°). We retrospectively reviewed 164 patients who were diagnosed with a unilateral fracture of the pelvis. Pelvic ring displacement was identified and recorded radiographically in cadaveric models. The flexion and extension displacement of pelvic fractures was measured in terms of the vertical distance of fracture from the top of iliac crest to the pubic tubercle (CD) or from the top of iliac crest to the lowest point of ischial tuberosity (AB). Fifty-seven pelves showed flexion displacement and 15 showed extension displacement. Closed reduction including internal fixation and external fixation was successfully used in 141 cases (86.0 %). The success rates of closed reduction in flexion and extension displacement groups were 77 and 73 %, respectively, which were lower than in unstable pelvic ring fractures. The sagittal plane rotation (flexion and extension) displacement of pelvic fractures could be measured by special points and lines on the radiographs. Minimally invasive reduction should be based on clearly identified differences between the sagittal plane rotation and the vertical displacement of pelvic fractures.

  11. Nuchal crest avulsion fracture in 2 horses : a cause of headshaking : clinical communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Voigt

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The medical records of 2 Thoroughbred horses that developed headshaking after blunt trauma to the occipital region are reviewed. The history, signalment, clinical signs, diagnostic methods, diagnosis and treatment were recorded in each case. Both horses displayed headshaking, while one horse repeatedly lifted its upper lip and pawed excessively at the ground. In both horses, diagnostic imaging of the occipital region revealed avulsion fragments of the nuchal crest and a nuchal desmitis in association with hyperfibrinogenaemia. The presence of an avulsion fragment of the nuchal crest with associated nuchal desmitis should be considered in horses presenting with headshaking and may respond favourably to conservative therapy.

  12. Femur ultrasound (FemUS)-first clinical results on hip fracture discrimination and estimation of femoral BMD

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barkmann, R; Dencks, S; Laugier, P

    2010-01-01

    A quantitative ultrasound (QUS) device for measurements at the proximal femur was developed and tested in vivo (Femur Ultrasound Scanner, FemUS). Hip fracture discrimination was as good as for DXA, and a high correlation with hip BMD was achieved. Our results show promise for enhanced QUS......-based assessment of osteoporosis. INTRODUCTION: Dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) at the femur is the best predictor of hip fractures, better than DXA measurements at other sites. Calcaneal quantitative ultrasound (QUS) can be used to estimate the general osteoporotic fracture risk, but no femoral QUS measurement...... has been introduced yet. We developed a QUS scanner for measurements at the femur (Femur Ultrasound Scanner, FemUS) and tested its in vivo performance. METHODS: Using the FemUS device, we obtained femoral QUS and DXA on 32 women with recent hip fractures and 30 controls. Fracture discrimination...

  13. CLINICAL AND FUNCTIONAL OUTCOME OF DISTAL RADIUS FRACTURES MANAGED BY LIGAMENTOTAXIS AND/OR PERCUTANEOUS PINNING VERSUS OPEN REDUCTION & INTERNAL FIXATION BY BUTTRESS PLATES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Biju

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTI ON: We studied the clinical and functional outcome of distal radius fractures managed by ligamentotaxis and/or percutaneous pinning versus open reduction & internal fixation by buttress plates. METHODS : This prospective study was conducted during Aug 2012 to October 2014. All skeletally matured patients were having both Intra articular and extra articular Closed Distal Radius fractures were studied. Treatment was done either external fixator supplemented with k wires or internal fixation with plate and screws. The radiographic evaluation included radial length, palmar tilt, any evidence of jointincongruity and radio ulnar joint instability and arthritis. The assessments that were made includes Subjective assessment – pain, numbness, weakness of hand, stiffness, OBJECTIVE : R ange of motion measured by hand held goniometer, Measurement of grip strength done by commercially available hand dynamometer. Unaffected hand served as control. RESULTS : Male patients (85.46% outnumbered female patients (14.54% in incidence. The incidence of distal ra dius fractures was common between the ages of 20 to 40 years. Left sided fractures were more common (52.73%. Type III was most common type of fracture (Frykman’s Classification, accounting for 29% of all fractures.25 cases were treated by external fixati on and 30 cases were treated by open reduction and buttress plating. The results were evaluated by using STEWART ET AL anatomical and functional scoring system. The average range of movement at the knee joint was Dorsiflexion 70*, Palmar Flexion 65*, Ulnar Deviation 25*, Radial Deviation 15*, Supination 70*, Pronation 65*. Most common early complication was pin tract infection. Based on the stewar et al scoring, 4(7.27% had excellent, 43(78.18% had good, 7(12.72% had fair, 1(1.81% had poor results. CONC LUSION : We observed that both fixations were equally same, there is no superiority with over the other. The incidence of complications in

  14. Accuracy of enhanced and unenhanced MRI in diagnosing scaphoid proximal pole avascular necrosis and predicting surgical outcome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fox, M.G. [University of Virginia, Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, Charlottesville, VA (United States); Wang, D.T. [University of Virginia, Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, Charlottesville, VA (United States); Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Chhabra, A.B. [University of Virginia Health System, Department of Orthopedics, Charlottesville, VA (United States)

    2015-11-15

    Determine the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of unenhanced and enhanced MRI in diagnosing scaphoid proximal pole (PP) avascular necrosis (AVN) and correlate whether MRI can help guide the selection of a vascularized or nonvascularized bone graft. The study was approved by the IRB. Two MSK radiologists independently performed a retrospective review of unenhanced and enhanced MRIs from 18 patients (16 males, 2 females; median age, 17.5 years) with scaphoid nonunions and surgery performed within 65 days of the MRI. AVN was diagnosed on the unenhanced MRI when a diffusely decreased T1-W signal was present in the PP and on the enhanced MRI when PP enhancement was less than distal pole enhancement. Surgical absence of PP bleeding was diagnostic of PP AVN. Postoperative osseous union (OU) was assessed with computed tomography and/or radiographs. Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy for PP AVN were 71, 82 and 78 % for unenhanced and 43, 82 and 67 % for enhanced MRI. Patients with PP AVN on unenhanced MRI had 86 % (6/7) OU; 100 % (5/5) OU with vascularized bone grafts and 50 % (1/2) OU with nonvascularized grafts. Patients with PP AVN on enhanced MRI had 80 % (4/5) OU; 100 % (3/3) OU with vascularized bone grafts and 50 % (1/2) OU with nonvascularized grafts. Patients with viable PP on unenhanced and enhanced MRI had 91 % (10/11) and 92 % (12/13) OU, respectively, all but one with nonvascularized graft. When PP AVN is evident on MRI, OU is best achieved with vascularized grafts. If PP AVN is absent, OU is successful with nonvascularized grafts. (orig.)

  15. 胫腓骨干骨折的临床治疗分析%Clinical treatment analysis on tibia and ifbula shaft fracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雷

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate clinical treatment of closed and open fracture of tibia and fibula shaft fracture patients. Methods choose 30 patients with tibial and fibula shaft fractures treated in our hospital from March 2014 to july 2015 and analyze their clinical treating data.Results with 4 to 16 months follow-up, all patients were healed with complete bony union, wiht healing time of 3 to 8 months, an average of 6 months.Conclusion in the early stage of fracture treatment, injury limb should be temporarily fixed, and pay attention to injury of other parts. Tibial fracture should be treated with intramedullary nailing fix to help elderly patients with activities at early stage, to avoid various complications for long-term bedridden.%目的:探讨胫腓骨干骨折患者闭合性骨折及开放性骨折的临床治疗分析。方法选取2014年3月至2015年7月收治的胫腓骨干骨折患者30例临床治疗方法资料进行分析。结果随访时间4~16个月,所有患者骨折均完全骨性愈合,骨折愈合时间3~8个月,平均6个月。结论骨折初期处理,应将伤肢暂时固定,并要注意其它部位损伤,胫骨骨折原则上应采用髓内针固定,目的是能使老年患者早期离床活动,避免因长期卧床而带来的各种并发症。

  16. Metaphyseal locking plate as a definitive external fixator for treating open tibial fractures--clinical outcome and a finite element study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Ching-Hou; Wu, Chin-Hsien; Tu, Yuan-Kun; Lin, Ting-Sheng

    2013-08-01

    We evaluated both the outcome of using a locking plate as a definitive external fixator for treating open tibial fractures and, using finite element analysis, the biomechanical performance of external and internal metaphyseal locked plates in treating proximal tibial fractures. Eight open tibial patients were treated using a metaphyseal locked plate as a low-profile definitive external fixator. Then, finite element models of internal (IPF) as well as two different external plate fixations (EPFs) for proximal tibial fractures were reconstructed. The offset distances from the bone surface to the EPFs were 6 cm and 10 cm. Both axial stiffness and angular stiffness were calculated to evaluate the biomechanical performance of these three models. The mean follow-up period was 31 months (range, 18-43 months). All the fractures united and the mean bone healing time was 37.5 weeks (range, 20-52 weeks). All patients had excellent or good functional results and were walking freely at the final follow-up. The finite element finding revealed that axial stiffness and angular stiffness decreased as the offset distance from the bone surface increased. Compared to the IPF models, in the two EPF models, axial stiffness decreased by 84-94%, whereas the angular stiffness decreased by 12-21%. The locking plate used as a definitive external fixator provided a high rate of union. While the locking plate is not totally rigid, it is clinically stable and may be advisable for stiffness reduction of plating constructs, thus promoting fracture healing by callus formation. Our patients experienced a comfortable clinical course, excellent knee and ankle joint motion, satisfactory functional results and an acceptable complication rate.

  17. Clinical, Radiologic and scintigraphic evaluation of the results of A. Moore and Thompson prostheses in the management of femoral neck fractures

    OpenAIRE

    Kiran, Ugur; Orhan, Zafer; Parmaksizoglu, Atilla Sancar; Ozkaya, Ufuk; Yalaman, Okan; Yazıcı, Nüzhet

    2004-01-01

    140 patients had been operated due to femoral neck fractures in the Ortopaedics and Traumatology CIinic Taksim State Hospital during the period of 1985 to 1991 and of this group, 42 patient's results were clinically, radiologically and scintigraphically evaluated. We evaluated the technical criteria used in the A.Moore type and the Thompson type endoprostheses, and tried to emphasize the significance of Tc-99 bone scanning in assesment of the results of prosthetic replacement. In this study, ...

  18. Midcarpal arthrodesis with complete scaphoid excision and interposition bone graft in the treatment of advanced carpal collapse (SNAC/SLAC wrist): operative technique and outcome assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sauerbier, M; Tränkle, M; Linsner, G; Bickert, B; Germann, G

    2000-08-01

    Thirty-six patients with stage II or III SNAC and SLAC wrists were treated by midcarpal arthrodesis and complete scaphoid excision. When assessed at a mean follow-up of 25 months, pain was significantly reduced both under resting and stress conditions. The active range of motion was 54% of the contralateral wrist and grip strength was 65% of the non-operated hand. The mean DASH score was 28 points, the Mayo wrist score was 63 points, and the Krimmer wrist score was 68. Correlation of the wrist scores with the DASH values demonstrated a significant correlation. Our data demonstrate that midcarpal fusion with complete excision of the scaphoid is a reliable procedure for treating advanced carpal collapse.

  19. Proximal row carpectomy vs four corner fusion for scapholunate (Slac) or scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse (Snac) wrists: a systematic review of outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulford, J S; Ceulemans, L J; Nam, D; Axelrod, T S

    2009-04-01

    Proximal row carpectomy (PRC) and scaphoid excision with four-corner fusion (4CF) are common motion-preserving, salvage procedures for the treatment of wrists with scaphoid nonunion (SNAC) or scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC). A systematic review was undertaken to clarify controversies regarding which of these procedures has the better outcome. We collated 52 articles that examine outcomes for SNAC or SLAC patients undergoing PRC or 4CF. Although the lack of unbiased trials must be acknowledged, this systematic review confirms that both procedures give improvements in pain and subjective outcome measures for patients with symptomatic and appropriately staged SLAC or SNAC wrists. PRC may provide better postoperative range of movement and lacks the potential complications specific to 4CF (nonunion, hardware issues and dorsal impingement). However, the risk of subsequent osteoarthritis is significantly higher in PRC patients despite the majority being asymptomatic at the time of review. Grip strength, pain relief and subjective outcomes are similar in both treatment groups.

  20. Isolated Transverse Sacrum Fracture: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cemil Kavalci

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Sacral fracture commonly results from high-energy trauma. Most insufficiency fractures of the sacrum are seen in women after the age of 70. Fractures of the sacrum are rare and generally combined with a concomitant pelvic fracture. Transverse sacral fractures are even less frequent which constitute only 3–5% of all sacral fractures. This type of fractures provide a diagnostic challenge. We report a unique case of isolated transverse fracture of sacrum in a young man sustained low-energy trauma. The patient presented to our emergency department after several hours of injury, and diagnosed by clinical features and roentgenogram findings.

  1. [Bone fracture and the healing mechanisms. Fragility fracture and bone quality].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mawatari, Taro; Iwamoto, Yukihide

    2009-05-01

    Fracture occurs in bone having less than normal elastic resistance without any violence. Numerous terms have been used to classify various types of fractures from low trauma events; "fragility fracture", "stress fracture", "insufficiency fracture", "fatigue fracture", "pathologic fracture", etc. The definitions of these terms and clinical characteristics of these fractures are discussed. Also state-of-the-art bone quality assessments; Finite element analysis of clinical CT scans, assessments of the Microdamage, and the Cross-links of Collagen are introduced in this review.

  2. Pilon骨折的治疗与临床康复%Treatment and clinical rehabilitation of Pilon fracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈维华; 苏佳灿

    2003-01-01

    AIM:To analyze the effect of three kinds of method on different types of Pilon fracture and advance the best treatment plan.METHODS:From March 1989 to August 2000,107 patients were regarded as having Pilon fracture by two hospitals,among which 76 cases were followed up.They were divided into three groups according to treatment method.A group included 24 cases with the treatment of manual reduction,traction of calcaneus and plaster exopexy.B group included 30 cases with the treatment of AO key shaped anatomical steal plate.C group included 22 cases with the treatment of limited internal fixation combined with exopexy stand.RESULTS:After 6 months to 8 years follow up,it was found that three kinds of treatment methods had obvious differences on the complications and effects of different types of fracture.In A group,the excellent and good rate of treatment on I type fracture was 70% ,II type was 25% ,III type was 0% .In B group,the excellent and good rate of treatment on I type fracture was 78.6% ,II type s 87.5% ,III type was 37.5% .In C group,the excellent and good rate of treatment on I type was 75% ,II type was 80% ,III type 80% .CONCLUSION:Summarizing kinds of factors,the treatment of A group applied in I type fracture,B group applied in II type fracture and C group applied in III type fracture.

  3. Radiofrequency Kyphoplasty for the Treatment of Osteoporotic and Neoplastic Vertebral Body Fractures - Preliminary Experience and Clinical Results after 6 Months

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elgeti F

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Vertebroplasty and conventional kyphoplasty using a balloon or a stent are established methods for the treatment of painful osteoporotic or neoplastic vertebral compression fractures that are resistant to conservative medical treatment. Radiofrequency (RF kyphoplasty with ultra-high viscosity cement is an innovative method. It permits safe and effective treatment of painful osteoporotic and neoplastic vertebral compression fractures while preserving non-compromised cancellous bone.

  4. Definition, classification and treatment of destructive fractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FANG Guo-jun

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available 【Abstract】 Destructive injury is defined as a very serious damage both to the bone and the soft tissues. But in clinical practice we found that in some fracture cases, the damage to soft tissues is not as severe as 揹estructive injury?indicates, whereas comminuted fractures still cannot show the severity of bone damage. Therefore we proposed a new term 揹estructive fractures?after combining the definition of destructive injury with typical clinic cases. Destructive fractures refer to the fractures whose osseous tissues are damaged too seriously to be repaired, but soft tissues, nerves and veins are less severely injured and can be repaired. From the year 2001 to 2010, 75 cases of destructive fractures were admitted in our department. According to whether the fractures interlinked with the external environment, together with the fracture sites, they were divided into 6 types: a1 type, closed diaphysis destructive fracture; a2 type, open diaphysis destructive fracture; b1 type, closed joint-involved destructive fracture; b2 type, open joint-involved destructive fracture; c1 type, closed mixed destructive fracture; c2 type, open mixed destructive fracture. Corresponding clinical treatments were conducted for each type.The new classification criterion of destructive fracture is simple and practical and thus can be used as an important guide to make reasonable treatment plans for destructive fractures. Key words: Fracture, bone; Classification; Therapeutics

  5. [Results following the implementation of a clinical pathway in the process of care to elderly patients with osteoporotic hip fracture in a second level hospital].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-Hernández, N; Sáez-López, P; Paniagua-Tejo, S; Valverde-García, J A

    2016-01-01

    To evaluate the efficiency of a clinical pathway in the management of elderly patients with fragility hip fracture in a second level hospital in terms of length of stay time to surgery, morbidity, hospital mortality, and improved functional outcome. A comparative and prospective study was carried out between two groups of patients with hip fracture aged 75 and older prior to 2010 (n=216), and after a quality improvement intervention in 2013 (n=196). A clinical pathway based on recent scientific evidence was implemented. The degree of compliance with the implemented measures was quantified. The characteristics of the patients in both groups were similar in age, gender, functional status (Barthel Index) and comorbidity (Charlson Index). Median length of stay was reduced by more than 45% in 2013 (16.61 vs. 9.08 days, p=.000). Also, time to surgery decreased 29.4% in the multidisciplinary intervention group (6.23 vs. 4.4 days, p=.000). Patients assigned to the clinical pathway group showed higher medical complications rate (delirium, malnutrition, anaemia and electrolyte disorders), but a lower hospital mortality (5.10 vs. 2.87%, p>.005). The incidence of surgical wound infection (p=.031) and functional efficiency (p=.001) also improved in 2013. An increased number of patients started treatment for osteoporosis (14.80 vs. 76.09%, p=.001) after implementing the clinical pathway. The implementation of a clinical pathway in the care process of elderly patients with hip fracture reduced length of stay and time to surgery, without a negative impact on associated clinical and functional outcomes. Copyright © 2015 SECOT. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  6. Microsurgical re-treatment of an endodontically treated tooth with an apically located incomplete vertical root fracture: a clinical case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvio Taschieri

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Although it is challenging, the early diagnosis of a vertical root fracture (VRF is crucial in order to ensure tooth preservation. The purpose of this clinical case report was to describe reparative surgery performed to treat a tooth affected by an incomplete VRF. A 26 year old male patient was suspected to have a VRF in a maxillary left central incisor, and an exploratory flap was performed in order to confirm the diagnosis. After detecting the fracture, the lesion was surgically treated, the fracture and the infected root-end were removed, and a platelet-rich plasma membrane was used to cover the defect in order to prevent bacterial migration. A 24 month clinical and radiological follow-up examination showed that the tooth was asymptomatic and that the healing process was in progress. The surgical approach described here may be considered an effective treatment for a combined endodontic-periodontal lesion originating from an incomplete VRF and a recurrent periapical lesion.

  7. Research and application of absorbable screw in orthopedics: a clinical review comparing PDLLA screw with metal screw in patients with simple medial malleolus fracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG Jin; HU Jin-feng; GUO Wei-chun; YU Ling; ZHAO Sheng-hao

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To observe the therapeutic effect of absorbable screw in medial malleolus fracture and discuss its clinical application in orthopedics.Methods:A total of 129 patients with simple medial malleolus fracture were studied.Among them,64 patients were treated with poly-D,L-lactic acid (PDLLA) absorbable screws,while the others were treated with metal screws.All the patients were followed up for 12-20 months (averaged 18.4 months) and the therapeutic effect was evaluated according to the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society clinical rating systems.Results:In absorbable screw group,we obtained excellent and good results in 62 cases (96.88%); in steel screw group,61 cases (93.85%) achieved excellent and good results.There was no significant difference between the two groups.Conclusion:In the treatment of malleolus fracture,absorbable screw can achieve the same result compared with metal screw fixation.Absorbable screw is preferred due to its advantages of safety,cleanliness and avoiding the removal procedure associated with metallic implants.

  8. A treatment clinical experienceof maxil ofacial fractures%口腔颌面部骨折治疗的临床体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔琳

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the causes clinical characters and treatments of maxil ofacial fractures.Method A total of 132 maxil ofacial fractures in our hospital from 2010 to 2012 were reviewed and analyzed with respet to age 、sex、 season 、cause of injury ,pattern of fractures 、combined injuries,treatments.Result The majority of fractures were found between 20 and 50 years old males.Most fractures happened in summer,the most common causes were traffic accidents.Mandible was the most part of fractures and associated combined injuries were found.Rigid internal fixation was the best treatment.Conclusion Maxil ofacial fractures mainly occurred in young adult males and traffic accidents were the main causes. Rigid internal fixation after exact replacement was the primary common treatment.%目的:总结分析口腔颌面部骨折的病因、临床特点和治疗方法。方法对我院2010-2012年收治的共132例口腔颌面部骨折病例,从年龄、性别、季节特点,致伤原因、骨折类型、合并伤情况和治疗方法等方面进行总结分析。结果口腔颌面部骨折多发于20-50岁男性;好发季节为夏季;交通事故为最常见的致伤原因;下颌骨为骨折好发部位,常伴有全身多个脏器的复合伤,治疗以坚固内固定为佳。结论口腔颌面部骨折以下颌骨骨折最好发,青壮年男性居多,主要为交通事故伤。正确复位后坚固内固定是最常用的治疗方法。

  9. Comparisons of external fixator combined with limited internal fixation and open reduction and internal fixation for Sanders type 2 calcaneal fractures: Finite element analysis and clinical outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, M; Chai, L; Xue, F; Ding, L; Tang, G; Lv, B

    2017-07-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the biomechanical stability and clinical outcome of external fixator combined with limited internal fixation (EFLIF) and open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) in treating Sanders type 2 calcaneal fractures. Two types of fixation systems were selected for finite element analysis and a dual cohort study. Two fixation systems were simulated to fix the fracture in a finite element model. The relative displacement and stress distribution were analysed and compared. A total of 71 consecutive patients with closed Sanders type 2 calcaneal fractures were enrolled and divided into two groups according to the treatment to which they chose: the EFLIF group and the ORIF group. The radiological and clinical outcomes were evaluated and compared. The relative displacement of the EFLIF was less than that of the plate (0.1363 mm to 0.1808 mm). The highest von Mises stress value on the plate was 33% higher than that on the EFLIF. A normal restoration of the Böhler angle was achieved in both groups. No significant difference was found in the clinical outcome on the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle Hindfoot Scale, or on the Visual Analogue Scale between the two groups (p > 0.05). Wound complications were more common in those who were treated with ORIF (p = 0.028). Both EFLIF and ORIF systems were tested to 160 N without failure, showing the new construct to be mechanically safe to use. Both EFLIF and ORIF could be effective in treating Sanders type 2 calcaneal fractures. The EFLIF may be superior to ORIF in achieving biomechanical stability and less blood loss, shorter surgical time and hospital stay, and fewer wound complications.Cite this article: M. Pan, L. Chai, F. Xue, L. Ding, G. Tang, B. Lv. Comparisons of external fixator combined with limited internal fixation and open reduction and internal fixation for Sanders type 2 calcaneal fractures: Finite element analysis and clinical outcome. Bone Joint Res 2017

  10. Changing characteristics of facial fractures treated at a regional, level 1 trauma center, from 2005 to 2010: an assessment of patient demographics, referral patterns, etiology of injury, anatomic location, and clinical outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roden, Katherine S; Tong, Winnie; Surrusco, Matthew; Shockley, William W; Van Aalst, John A; Hultman, Charles S

    2012-05-01

    Despite improvements in automotive safety, motor vehicle collision (MVC)-related facial fractures remain common and represent preventable injuries. This study examines the changing characteristics of facial fractures treated at a regional, level I trauma center, from 2005 to 2010. We identified all patients with facial fractures admitted to our hospital, from 2005 to 2010, by querying the North Carolina Trauma Registry, using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes. Prospectively collected data, sorted by year, were descriptively analyzed for demographics, referral patterns, etiology, anatomic location, and clinical outcomes. Number of patients with facial fractures increased from 201 per year to 263 per year (total n = 1508). Although transport distances remained constant at ∼85 miles, standard deviation increased from 37 to 68 miles. Transport time increased from 87 to 119 minutes. Referrals came from 28 surrounding counties in 2005 and 43 counties in 2010. Regarding etiology, MVCs decreased from 40% to 27%, all-terrain vehicle crashes decreased from 6% to 2%, falls increased from 8% to 19%, and bicycle accidents increased from 3% to 6%. Regarding anatomic location, frontal sinus fractures increased from 8% to 37%, zygomaticomaxillary fractures increased from 9% to 18%, nasoethmoid fractures decreased from 12% to 6%, orbital floor fractures decreased from 6% to 3%, and mandible fractures decreased from 28% to 18%. Single-site fractures increased from 75% to 90%. Length of intensive care unit and hospital stay remained stable at 3 and 7 days, respectively. Despite a decrease in MVC-related facial fractures, the overall increase in facial fractures referred to our trauma center is due to a growing number of patient transfers from rural hospitals, where a paucity of qualified surgeons may exist.

  11. 儿童骨盆骨折的合并伤%Associated Injuries of Pelvic Fracture in Childhood (A Clinical Analysis of 35 Cases)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王军; 张新河; 徐新六

    1995-01-01

    回顾了35例骨盆骨折患儿的临床资料,对其合并伤的原因、特点、诊断和治疗进行了讨论分析.%An analysis of the clinical manifestation and management of pelvic fracture in recent 7 years is presented. There were 27 males and 8 females. The age ranged from 2 years to 14 years. Some 89% of pelvic fractures were due to traffic accidents. All of them had two or more associated injuries, including; injury of big vessels in 3 cases, retroperitoneal hematoma in 4, urethra and bladder injuries in 15, rupture of vagina in 3. The diagnosis and treatment of the major associated injuries were discussed in the text.

  12. Prospective blind comparative clinical study of two point fixation of zygomatic complex fracture using wire and mini plates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gandi Lakshmi N

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The zygomatic maxillary complex (ZMC fractures are one of the most frequent injuries of the facial skeleton due to its position and facial contour. Assaults, road traffic accidents and falls are the principal etiologic factors that may cause fractures of zygomatic bone. The different fixation methods are applied to treat the zygomatic bone fractures, with many more classifications which have been described in the literature for the ease of management. The type of the fracture, its severity and associated facial fractures usually interferes the treatment modality. Purpose of study The aim of this paper is to show the results of 18yrs prospective blind comparative study using wire and plate osteosynthesis which needed open reduction and internal fixation involving Type II to Type IV Spissel and Schroll ZMC fractures. Materials and methods Total 80 cases included in the study out of 1780 ZMC cases which were treated using wire and plate osteosynthesis over a period of 18 yrs, involving only Type II to Type IV Spissel and Schroll ZMC fractures. Other types excluded from study to prevent observer bias. All the fixations carried out through Standard Dingman's incision using stainless steel 26 gauze wire and titanium 1.5 mm mini plate system under general anesthesia by single maxillofacial surgeon and evaluated by another maxillofacial surgeon who is blinded for surgical procedure after 2 and 4 wks of follow-up for facial symmetry, wound healing, functional assessment (mouth opening, diplopia, and sensory disturbance. All the data tabulated in Excel software (Microsoft for statistical analysis. P-value calculated to know the Significance of treatment modality in all aspects. Results Result shows no significant p-values indicating both the operating techniques are equally efficient in the surgical management of ZMC fracture. Conclusion Osteosynthesis by mini plates is simple, logical and effective treatment compared to wire

  13. CLINICAL OUTCOMES OF LOCKING COMPRESSION PLATE FIXATION THROUGH MINIMALLY INVASIVE PERCUTANEOUS PLATE OSTEOSYNTHESIS IN THE TREATMENT OF DISTAL TIBIAL FRACTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Venkateswara Rao

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Distal diametaphyseal tibia fracture though requires operative treatment is difficult to manage. Conventional osteosynthesis is not suitable because distal tibia is subcutaneous bone with poor vascularity. Closed reduction and minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthes is with locking compression plate (LCP has emerged as an alternative treatment option because it respects biology of distal tibia and fracture hematoma and also provides biomechanica l ly stable construct. OBJECTIVES: To find out suitability of minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis with Locking compression plate for distal diametaphyseal tibia fracture including union time and complications. METHODS: Twenty patients with closed distal tibia fracture with or without intra articular extension (AO classification type - A1, type - A2, type - A3 treated with minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis with Locking compression plate were prospectively followed for average duration of 12 months. RESULTS: Ave rage duration of injury - surgery interval was 4.5 days (Range 3 - 7 days all fractures got united with an average duration of 23.5 weeks (range17 - 30weeks. No non - union or mal - union were found. There was one superficial infection found which healed with exte nded period of intravenous antibiotics.

  14. Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes of Unipolar and Bipolar Radial Head Prosthesis in Patients with Radial Head Fracture: A Systemic Review and Meta-Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Hongwei; Wang, Ziyang; Shang, Yongjun

    2017-09-13

    To compare clinical outcomes of unipolar and bipolar radial head prosthesis in the treatment of patients with radial head fracture. Medline, Cochrane, EMBASE, Google Scholar databases were searched until April 18, 2016 using the following search terms: radial head fracture, elbow fracture, radial head arthroplasty, implants, prosthesis, unipolar, bipolar, cemented, and press-fit. Randomized controlled trials, retrospective, and cohort studies were included. The Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS), disabilities of the arm, shoulder, and hand (DASH) score, radiologic assessment, ROM, and grip strength following elbow replacement were similar between prosthetic devices. The pooled mean excellent/good ranking of MEPS was 0.78 for unipolar and 0.73 for bipolar radial head arthroplasty, and the pooled mean MEPS was 86.9 and 79.9, respectively. DASH scores for unipolar and bipolar prosthesis were 19.0 and 16.3, respectively. Range of motion outcomes were similar between groups, with both groups have comparable risk of flexion arc, flexion, extension deficit, rotation arc, pronation, and supination (p values bipolar prosthesis). However, bipolar radial head prosthesis was associated with an increased chance of heterotopic ossification and lucency (p values ≤0.049) while unipolar prosthesis was not (p values ≥0.088). Both groups had risk for development of capitellar osteopenia or erosion/wear (p values ≤0.039). Unipolar and bipolar radial head prostheses were similar with respect to clinical outcomes. Additional comparative studies are necessary to further compare different radial head prostheses used to treat radial head fracture.

  15. [Atlas fractures].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schären, S; Jeanneret, B

    1999-05-01

    Fractures of the atlas account for 1-2% of all vertebral fractures. We divide atlas fractures into 5 groups: isolated fractures of the anterior arch of the atlas, isolated fractures of the posterior arch, combined fractures of the anterior and posterior arch (so-called Jefferson fractures), isolated fractures of the lateral mass and fractures of the transverse process. Isolated fractures of the anterior or posterior arch are benign and are treated conservatively with a soft collar until the neck pain has disappeared. Jefferson fractures are divided into stable and unstable fracture depending on the integrity of the transverse ligament. Stable Jefferson fractures are treated conservatively with good outcome while unstable Jefferson fractures are probably best treated operatively with a posterior atlanto-axial or occipito-axial stabilization and fusion. The authors preferred treatment modality is the immediate open reduction of the dislocated lateral masses combined with a stabilization in the reduced position using a transarticular screw fixation C1/C2 according to Magerl. This has the advantage of saving the atlanto-occipital joints and offering an immediate stability which makes immobilization in an halo or Minerva cast superfluous. In late instabilities C1/2 with incongruency of the lateral masses occurring after primary conservative treatment, an occipito-cervical fusion is indicated. Isolated fractures of the lateral masses are very rare and may, if the lateral mass is totally destroyed, be a reason for an occipito-cervical fusion. Fractures of the transverse processes may be the cause for a thrombosis of the vertebral artery. No treatment is necessary for the fracture itself.

  16. Clinical evaluation of a new custom offset shoulder prosthesis for treatment of complex fractures of the proximal humerus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mehlhorn, Alexander T; Schmal, Hagen; Sudkamp, Norbert P

    2006-01-01

    Primary hemiarthroplasty of the shoulder is an accepted procedure to treat complex proximal humeral fractures. The goal of this study was to assess the functional outcome in patients treated with hemiarthroplasty using a custom offset shoulder prosthesis, either for an acute four-part fracture...... A and only 33% in Group B. The least satisfying partial function was shoulder mobility in both groups. Radiographic evaluation did not correlate with the Constant Score. Patients secondarily treated with arthroplasty seem to have less chance to achieve a satisfying functional outcome compared to those...

  17. 髌骨骨折不同治疗方法的临床疗效分析%Clinical Effect of Different Treatment Methods for Patella Fracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁春民

    2016-01-01

    目的:研究不同方法治疗髌骨骨折的临床效果。方法选择2014年6月~2015年6月诊治的230例髌骨骨折患者,根据治疗方法不同分为3组,分别应用改良克氏针张力带方式治疗、空心螺丝钉张力带治疗以及髌骨爪内固定方法治疗,比较3组患者的临床治疗效果以及并发症的发生率。结果髌骨爪内固定治疗的效果比其他两种方法好,而且并发症发生率比其他两种方法低,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论髌骨骨折患者应用髌骨爪内固定治疗的临床效果显著,尤其是针对粉碎性髌骨骨折的患者,如为单纯的横行骨折,可应用克氏针张力带方法进行治疗,临床医生应根据情况选择治疗方法。%Objective To study the clinical effect of different methods in the treatment of patelar fracture.Methods 230 cases of patelar fracture patients from June 2014 to June 2015 who were diagnosed and treated in our hospital were divided into three groups according to different treatment methods,they were respectively treated with modified kirschner wire tension band,holow screws and concentratorinternal fixation of tension band,clinical curative effect and complications among three groups were compared.Results By comparison,the effect of concentratorinternal fixation was obviously better than the other two approaches,and the probability of complications was significantly lower than the other two methods,the difference was statisticaly significant(P<0.05).ConclusionThe clinical effect of patela concentratorinternal fixation in the treatment of patients with fracture is significant, especialy for comminuted patelar fracture patients,such as simple fracture, kirschner wire and tension band method can be used,clinicians should chose difference methods according to different conditions.

  18. [Bilateral Dislocation Fracture of the Humeral Head (Right AO 11C3.3; Left AO 11A1.3) without Direct Trauma Due to First Clinical Manifestation of Seizure - a Case Report and Review of the Literature].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ploeger, M M; Pennekamp, P H; Müller, M C; Kabir, K; Burger, C; Wirtz, D C; Schmolders, J

    2015-12-01

    The incidence of fractures among epileptics is frequent and mostly occurs by direct trauma due to falls caused by seizures. The risk of fractures is estimated to be 50 % higher in epileptics than in the general population. Most of the fractures affect the proximal femora and the hip joint. Dorsal shoulder dislocations occur frequently in epileptics. If they occur bilaterally, this is pathognomonic for seizuring. Besides this, shoulder dislocation and bilateral dislocation fractures of the humeral head, however, are far more rare even among epileptics but pathognomonic for seizure. In this case report we present a female patient with bilateral dislocation fracture of the humeral head due to first clinical manifestation of a tonic-clonic seizure without direct trauma.

  19. Root fractures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andreasen, Jens Ove; Christensen, Søren Steno Ahrensburg; Tsilingaridis, Georgios

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze tooth loss after root fractures and to assess the influence of the type of healing and the location of the root fracture. Furthermore, the actual cause of tooth loss was analyzed.......The purpose of this study was to analyze tooth loss after root fractures and to assess the influence of the type of healing and the location of the root fracture. Furthermore, the actual cause of tooth loss was analyzed....

  20. 手术治疗髋臼骨折的临床疗效%Clinical curative effect observation on surgical treatment of acetabulum fracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张发平; 李玉桥; 罗仕武; 何罗彬; 杨勇; 尚庆; 胡晓刚

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨手术治疗髋臼骨折的临床疗效,并对相关因素进行分析。方法分别采用K-L入路、髂腹股沟入路、前后联合入路行切开复位骨盆重建钢板、螺钉内固定治疗48例髋臼骨折患者。结果术后按Matta影像学评分,解剖复位28例,满意复位14例,不满意复位6例。患者均获随访,时间12~58个月。按改良的Merle d’Aubigné和Postel评分标准:优28例,良9例,可7例,差4例。简单骨折和复合骨折临床优良率分别为94.4%和66.7%,解剖复位和非解剖复位的临床优良率分别为96.4%和50%,差异均有统计学意义( P<0.05)。结论手术治疗髋臼骨折可获得满意的疗效,骨折的复位质量、骨折类型与疗效密切相关。%Objective To investigate the clinical curative effect of surgical treatment of acetabulum fracture, and to analysis the related factors. Methods A total of 48 patients with fracture of acetabulum were treated with Kocher-Langenbeck approach, iliac inguinal approach, joint into the road line before and after pelvic reconstruction plate ( ORIF) and screw internal fixation. Results According to the Matta imaging score, 28 cases got anatomical reat-tachment, 14 satisfactory reattachment, and 6 poor reattachment. All the patients received a follow-up from 12 to 58 months. According to the improved Merle d’Aubigné and Postel rating standards, 28 cases were excellent, 9 good,7 fair, and 4 poor. Simple fractures clinical excellent-good rate was 94. 4% and composite fractures clinical excellent-good rate was 66. 7%, anatomy reset and non anatomy reset of clinical excellent-good rate were 96. 4% and 50% re-spectively, these difference comparison had statistical significance ( P<0. 05 ) . Conclusions Surgical treatment of acetabulum fracture can obtain satisfactory curative effect, the quality of fracture reduction and fracture type are close-ly related with curative effect.

  1. Stress Fractures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stress fractures Overview Stress fractures are tiny cracks in a bone. They're caused by repetitive force, often from overuse — such as repeatedly jumping up and down or running long distances. Stress fractures can also arise from normal use of ...

  2. Clinical results of using the proximal humeral internal locking system plate for internal fixation of displaced proximal humeral fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norouzi, Masoud; Naderi, Mohammad Nasir; Komasi, Mehdi Hemmati; Sharifzadeh, Seyyed Reza; Shahrezaei, Mostafa; Eajazi, Alireza

    2012-05-01

    Proximal humerus fractures are accounting for 4-5% of all fractures with increasing incidence. Proximal Humeral Internal Locking System (PHILOS) plate is a new plate which permits early mobility and lowers the risk of complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional outcome and the complication rate after using this plate. Between 2006-2008, 37 patients with displaced 2-, 3-, and 4-part fractures of the proximal humerus underwent surgery using PHILOS plate. The mean range of follow-up was 12 months. Twenty patients were aged 60 years and younger, and 17 were aged older than 60 years. The average American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score at the final follow-up was 77.62. According to Michener and colleagues classification, 5.4% of patients had an excellent outcome, 72.9% were minimally functionally limited, 16.2% were moderately functionally limited, and 5.4% were maximally functionally limited. The average ASES score between patients 60 years and older and those 60 years and younger was not different significantly. One patient developed avascular necrosis of the humeral head, 2 patients developed an infection, and no patients developed a nonunion. Fixation with PHILOS plate can be considered a good method with high union rates for this kind of fracture, especially in the older population with osteoporotic bone.

  3. 手术治疗开放性胫腓骨骨折69例临床分析%Clinical Analysis on the Outcome of Operative Management of Open Tibiofibula Fracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    景少博; 魏晋山; 焦军胜

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨使用外固定支架和钢板内固定治疗胫腓骨开放性骨折的临床疗效.方法 回顾性分析2008年4月~2009年10月胫腓骨开放骨折69例,其中AOD外固定支架32例,AO加压钢板37例,比较两组骨折平均愈合时间、骨折感染率、骨折延迟愈合及不连率.结果 两组Ⅰ、Ⅱ型骨折平均愈合时间、骨折感染率、骨折延迟愈合及不连率差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);两组Ⅲ型骨折平均愈合时间、骨折感染率、骨折延迟愈合及不连率差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 对于Ⅲ型胫腓骨开放性骨折,采用外固定支架固定优于钢板内固定,值得临床借鉴.%Objective To compare the clinical outcomes of the treatment of open fractures of tibia and fibula by external fixator and dynamic compression plate. Method Analyzing retrospectively a total of 69 cases with open fractures of tibia and fibula undergoing operation in our hospital.32 cases underwent AOD external fixator operation and 37 cases underwent AO dynamic compression plate from April 2008 to December 2009.Comparing the average healing time of fracture,the infection rate of fracture,the delayed union and nonunion fracture rate in the two groups. Result The average healing time of fracture,the infection rate of fracture,the delayed union and nonunion fracture rate between the two groups with type Ⅰ and Ⅱ of open fracture of tibia and fibula have no significant difference(P>0.05),but the average healing time of fracture,the infection rate of fracture,the delayed union and nonunion fracture rate between the two groups with type Ⅲ of open fracture of tibia and fibula have significant difference(P<0.05).Conclusion For type Ⅲ open fractures of tibia and fibula, the external fixator is more superior than plate fixation,it is worth using clinically.

  4. Routine functional assessment for hip fracture patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Tonny J; Lauritsen, Jens M

    2016-01-01

    Background and purpose - Pre-fracture functional level has been shown to be a consistent predictor of rehabilitation outcomes in older hip fracture patients. We validated 4 overall pre-fracture functional level assessment instruments in patients aged 65 or more, used the prediction of outcome at 4...... months post-fracture, and assessed cutoff values for decision making in treatment and rehabilitation. Patients and methods - 165 consecutive patients with acute primary hip fracture were prospectively included in the study. Pre-fracture Barthel-20, Barthel-100, cumulated ambulation score, and new...... investigation of usage for guidance of clinical and rehabilitation decisions concerning hip fracture patients is warranted....

  5. Definition, classification and treatment of destructive fractures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FANG Guo-jun; QU Zhi-guo; LIU Zhuo; CHEN Yuan

    2011-01-01

    Destructive injury is defined as a very serious damage both to the bone and the soft tissues. But in clinical practice we found that in some fracture cases, the damage to soft tissues is not as severe as "destructive injury" indicates, whereas comminuted fractures still cannot show the severity of bone damage. Therefore we proposed a new term "destructive fractures" after combining the definition of destructive injury with typical clinic cases. Destructive fractures refer to the fractures whose osseous tissues are damaged too seriously to be repaired, but soft tissues, nerves and veins are less severely injured and can be repaired. From the year 2001 to 2010, 75 cases of destructive fractures were admitted in our department. According to whether the fractures interlinked with the external environment, together with the fracture sites, they were divided into 6 types: al type, closed diaphysis destructive fracture; a2 type, open diaphysis destructive fracture; b1 type, closed joint-involved destructive fracture; b2 type,open joint-involved destructive fracture; cl type, closed mixed destructive fracture; c2 type, open mixed destructive fracture. Corresponding clinical treatments were conducted for each type.The new classification criterion of destructivefracture is simple and practical and thus can be used as an important guide to make reasonable treatment plans for destructive fractures.

  6. LATE OPEN REDUCTION AND INTERNAL FIXATION FOR FRACTURES OF LATERAL CONDYLE OF HUMERUS IN CHILDREN: A CLINICAL STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ajay

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND : Neglected fracture of the lateral condyle of distal humerus in children is very common. Patients with non union of the lateral condylar fracture have pain, instability or a progressive cubitus valgus deformity, condylar prominence. A neglected displaced lateral humeral condyle fracture remains a difficult problem to treat. The bone ends become indistinct and soft tissue becomes contracted; making anatomic reduction difficult. Moreover a n attempt to mobilize the fragment by stripping the soft tissues may lead to avascular necrosis. Several authors have recommended operative treatment for such patients, while others do not recommend operative intervention because stiff elbow and AVN are th e usual outcomes. The present study was undertaken to assess the results of open reduction and internal fixation in neglected lateral humeral condyle fracture in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS : This is a prospective study carried out between November 2008 and July 2011 in the department of orthopedics at Teerthanker Mahaveer Medical College and research centre, Moradabad. Eighteen patients (14M:4F with an average age of 7.3years (range 5.5 to 14 years who had lateral humeral condyle fracture and reporte d 3 or more weeks after sustaining injury, were included in the study. The fractures were classified according to the Jacobs system. All patients were operated using the lateral approach and fixation was done using K wire or screw with or without bone graf ting. The results were graded as excellent, good, fair or poor according to the modified criteria of Agarwal et al. RESULTS : There were 14 males and 4 females with a mean age of 7 years and 3 months (range 4 - 14 years. Among the nine (50% patients who pr esented between 5 to 8 weeks after injury, the results were excellent in 3, good in 4, fair in 1 and poor in 1 patient. Excellent to good results were seen in all the five (27% patients presenting between 3 - 5 weeks of injury. Among

  7. [Iatrogenic evolutive skull fracture (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villarejo, F; Pascual Castroviejo, I; Dabdoub, C; Bordes, M; Jover, P

    1977-03-01

    A case of growing skull fracture secondary to a maxilofacial operation is reported. Frequency, clinical symptoms, phisiopathology and treatment of growing skull fractures are reviewed and the rarity of the iatrogenic mechanism is stressed.

  8. Subclinical Thyroid Dysfunction and Fracture Risk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blum, Manuel R; Bauer, Douglas C; Collet, Tinh-Hai

    2015-01-01

    IMPORTANCE: Associations between subclinical thyroid dysfunction and fractures are unclear and clinical trials are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of subclinical thyroid dysfunction with hip, nonspine, spine, or any fractures. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SELECTION: The databases of MEDLI...

  9. Surgical treatment of zygomatic bone fracture using two points fixation versus three point fixation-a randomised prospective clinical trial

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background The zygoma plays an important role in the facial contour for both cosmetic and functional reasons; therefore zygomatic bone injuries should be properly diagnosed and adequately treated. Comparison of various surgical approaches and their complications can only be done objectively using outcome measurements which in turn require protocol management and long-term follow up. The preference for open reduction and internal fixation of zygomatic fractures at three points has con...

  10. The Clinical Usefulness of Ultrasound-Aided Fixation Using an Absorbable Plate System in Patients with Zygomatico-Maxillary Fracture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jong Hun Lee

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Background  Ultrasound-aided fixation is a recently developed alternative method of treatment of zygomatico-maxillary (ZM fracture, and it can resolve the problems of excessivetorsion force and subsequent fractures of screws. We conducted this study to evaluate theclinical usefulness of ultrasound-aided fixation as compared with the conventional fixationmethod using a drill and an expanderin patientswith ZMfracture.Methods  We conducted a retrospective study in 35 patientswith ZMfracturewho had beentreated at our hospital during a period ranging fromMarch of 2008 toDecember of 2010. Wedivided them into two groups: an ultrasound-aided fixation group, comprising 13 patientswho underwent ultrasound-aided fixation (SonicWeld Rx, KLS Martin, and a conventionalgroup, comprising 22 patients who underwent conventional fixation (Biosorb FX, LinvatecBiomaterials Ltd.. We compared such variables as sex, direction, age at operation, follow-upperiod, operation duration, number of fixed holes, and time to discharge between the twogroups.Results  The ultrasound-aided fixation reduced the operation duration by about 30 minutesas comparedwith that of conventional fixation. Therewas no significant difference in followup period, number of fixed holes, ortime to discharge between the two groups. Furthermore,therewere no complicationsin either group.Conclusions  The ultrasound-aided fixation offractured ZMbone using an absorbable implantsystemissafe and effective in promptly reducing the bone fracture and providing satisfactorycosmetic outcomes overtime.

  11. 复杂肱骨远端骨折手术治疗的临床探讨%Clinical evaluation of operative treatment of complicated distal humerus fractures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵龙; 宋有鑫; 崔成喜; 张宇轩; 张宝琦; 龚平; 武云鹤; 尚瑞松; 陈宾

    2014-01-01

    Background Distal humeral fracture is a severe damage around the elbow joint,and is often seen in young adults.It accounts for 2% of all adult fractures and about 50% of all humerus fractures.It′s one of the fractures that is difficult to deal with.The types of distal humeral fracture are divergent. Distal humerus fractures are often comminuted which make operative reduction difficult.Secondary loss of reduction and elbow ankylosis are common postoperative complications. All these difficulties make the distal humerus fracture one of the unresolved problems in fracture treatment.This study is to evaluate the clinical outcome of complex distal humeral fractures treated by operation.Methods (1)General data:twenty-four cases of operative treated distal humerus fractures in author′s hospital from January 2004 to December 2013 were included in this study.There were 1 5 males and 9 females,aging from 1 7 to 73,averaged 41.AO/OTA Classification:A3:9 cases;B1, B2:6 cases;C3:9 cases.Two cases were combined with nerve injury.Two cases had histories of high blood pressure and diabetes.(2 ) Operative method:The patient was placed in the supine position,and the elbow to be operated on was positioned at 90°of abduction and supported on a lucent operating table.A pneumatic tourniquet was placed as proximally as possible on the arm.With the elbow flexed at about 60°,the first incision was made about 7 cm proximal to the tip of the medial epicondyle.In the initial cases,the ulnar nerve was isolated,released from the ulnar nerve groove, and protected carefully.In later cases,the nerve was only exposed.The medial and anteromedial side of the distal humerus was exposed through the opening between the brachial muscle and the medial intermuscular septum.The common origin of the flexor muscles was partially dissected and reflected distally,leaving a 5-mm strut to be re-sutured in situ at completion of surgery.The anterior capsule was incised.The articular surface of the trochlea was

  12. Early changes in bone density, microarchitecture, bone resorption, and inflammation predict the clinical outcome 12 weeks after conservatively treated distal radius fractures: an exploratory study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Ursina; de Jong, Joost J; Bours, Sandrine G P; Keszei, András P; Arts, Jacobus J; Brink, Peter R G; Menheere, Paul; van Geel, Tineke A C M; van Rietbergen, Bert; van den Bergh, Joop P W; Geusens, Piet P; Willems, Paul C

    2014-09-01

    valuable information regarding the 12-week clinical outcome in terms of pain, disability, and range of motion and validates its use in studies on the process of early fracture healing. © 2014 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.

  13. Treatment of trochanteric fractures with the gamma3 nail - methodology and early results of a prospective consecutive monitored clinical case series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    A C, Unger; E, Wilde; B, Kienast; C, Jürgens; A P, Schulz

    2014-01-01

    There is only sparse data on clinical results and complications of the third-generation Gamma nailing system (Gamma3, Stryker). Therefore, we started a large multi-centre case series in 2008. The aim of this paper is to present the study design and early results of a single arm of a prospective, consecutive, monitored, post-market follow-up evaluation of Gamma3 nails. From September 2009 to January 2012, 154 consecutive patients with an average age of 80 ± 1.43 years (50-99 years) and a trochanteric femoral fracture were included in the local arm of the trial. All patients that fulfilled the inclusion criteria were treated with a Gamma3 nail. Preoperative variables included age, gender, fracture classification, walking ability (Merle d'Aubigné score), daily activity level (retrospective Zuckerman score), ASA rating of operative risk, waiting time for operation, use of walker or crutches and body mass index (BMI). Skin-to-skin time, fluoroscopy time, blood loss, intraoperative complications and device information were recorded for each patient. Follow-up postoperative assessment was undertaken at 4, 12 and 24 months. Hip range of motion, pain around the hip and the tight, walking ability (Merle d'Aubigné score, Sahlgrenska mobility score) and management of daily life (Zuckerman score) were used to evaluate the outcome. The descriptive data of age, gender, BMI, ASA classification, fracture type and skin-to-skin time is similar to other studies. Median fluoroscopy time was 62 seconds (range: 4-225 seconds) and significantly shorter in closed reductions. No intraoperative implant-related complication was recorded. A cut-out of the leg-screw during assessment period occurred in 2.6% patients (n = 4). At the 12-month assessment two (1.8%) non-unions were identified and two patients (1.8%) had broken the femoral shaft below the 180 mm nail after a fall. Analysis of the scores showed significantly declined mobility and activity in daily life four months after operation

  14. Opportunistic Identification of Vertebral Fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Judith E

    2016-01-01

    Vertebral fractures are powerful predictors of future fracture, so, their identification is important to ensure that patients are commenced on appropriate bone protective or bone-enhancing therapy. Risk factors (e.g., low bone mineral density and increasing age) and symptoms (back pain, loss of height) may herald the presence of vertebral fractures, which are usually confirmed by performing spinal radiographs or, increasingly, using vertebral fracture assessment with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scanners. However, a large number (30% or more) of vertebral fractures are asymptomatic and do not come to clinical attention. There is, therefore, scope for opportunistic (fortuitous) identification of vertebral fractures from various imaging modalities (radiographs, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and radionuclide scans) performed for other clinical indications and which include the spine in the field of view, with midline sagittal reformatted images from computed tomography having the greatest potential for such opportunistic detection. Numerous studies confirm this potential for identification but consistently find underreporting of vertebral fractures. So, a valuable opportunity to improve the management of patients at increased risk of future fracture is being squandered. Educational training programs for all clinicians and constant reiteration, stressing the importance of the accurate and clear reporting of vertebral fractures ("you only see what you look for"), can improve the situation, and automated computer-aided diagnostic tools also show promise to solve the problem of this underreporting of vertebral fractures. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  15. Diplopia and orbital wall fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boffano, Paolo; Roccia, Fabio; Gallesio, Cesare; Karagozoglu, K Hakki; Forouzanfar, Tymour

    2014-01-01

    Diplopia is a symptom that is frequently associated with orbital wall fractures. The aim of this article was to present the incidence and patterns of diplopia after orbital wall blow-out fractures in 2 European centers, Turin and Amsterdam, and to identify any correlation between this symptom and such fractures. This study is based on 2 databases that have continuously recorded data of patients hospitalized with maxillofacial fractures between 2001 and 2010. On the whole, 447 patients (334 males, 113 females) with pure blow-out orbital wall fractures were included. The most frequently involved orbital site was the floor (359 fractures), followed by medial wall (41 fractures) and lateral wall (5 fractures). At presentation, 227 patients (50.7%) had evidence of diplopia. In particular, in most patients, a diplopia in all directions was referred (78 patients). Statistically significant associations were found between diplopia on eye elevation and orbital floor fractures (P diplopia and medial wall fractures (P diplopia on eye elevation and horizontal diplopia at presentation could be useful clinical indicators orbital floor and medial wall fractures, respectively.

  16. Paediatric talus fracture.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Byrne, Ann-Maria

    2012-01-01

    Paediatric talus fractures are rare injuries resulting from axial loading of the talus against the anterior tibia with the foot in dorsiflexion. Skeletally immature bone is less brittle, with higher elastic resistance than adult bone, thus the paediatric talus can sustain higher forces before fractures occur. However, displaced paediatric talus fractures and those associated with high-energy trauma have been associated with complications including avascular necrosis, arthrosis, delayed union, neurapraxia and the need for revision surgery. The authors present the rare case of a talar neck fracture in a skeletally immature young girl, initially missed on radiological review. However, clinical suspicion on the part of the emergency physician, repeat examination and further radiographic imaging revealed this rare paediatric injury.

  17. Proximal Row Carpectomy for Coexisting Kienböck’s Disease and Giant Intraosseous Ganglion of the Scaphoid: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Morón

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The etiologies of Keinböck’s disease and intraosseous ganglion remain unknown. Both entities are rare and the coexistence of these two pathologies in the same patient and hand is even less frequent. We report the case of a 40-year-old man with a longstanding history of martial arts practice (karate who developed an avascular necrosis of the lunate concomitant with a giant intraosseous ganglion of the scaphoid bone successfully managed by proximal row carpectomy. We review the literature of these two diseases.

  18. Diagnosis and treatment of distal radius fractures with concomitant carpal fractures%桡骨远端骨折合并腕骨骨折的诊断与治疗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈一衡; 陈时益; 陈星隆; 宋永焕; 李士; 褚庭纲; 蒋良福; 杨景全; 高伟阳

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the incidence and the risk factors of carpal fractures occurring concurrently with distal radius fractures and to explore the treatment options for these concomitant fractures.Methods A retrospectively analysis was carried out of 204 cases of distal radius fractures treated from January 2010 to January 2012.Posteroanterior and lateral radiographs of the wrist were examined,as were computed tomography scans when available.Cases with concomitant single or multiple carpal fractures were identified.The incidence of these concomitant fractures was calculated.AO classification and the energy of injury of these cases were analyzed to identify the risk factors.The clinical outcomes of various treatment options were assessed using the wrist function evaluation criteria issued by Hand Surgery Society of the Chinese Medical Association.Results A total of 15 cases of the 204 distal radius fractures (7.35%) had concomitant carpal fractures.Of these fractures,8 involved scaphoid,2 involved triquetrum,1 involved capitate,1 involved lunate,1 involved hamate and 2 involved more than one carpal bones.Plain wrist X-rays missed 8 of these carpal fractures which were diagnosed by computed tomography scans.Risk factor analysis revealed that male patients,AO type B distal radius fractures and high-energy injuries more likely led to concomitant fractures of both the distal radius and carpals.Treatment options included open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) or closed reduction and cast immobilization.The average bone healing time was 4 months.Delayed union of carpal fractures was seen in 3 cases.Wrist function was markedly improved after the treatment in all the cases.Conclusion The incidence of carpal fractures occurring concurrently with distal radius fractures is low.Diagnosis can be missed if neglected.Computed tomography should be considered to increase the rate of correct diagnosis.Male patients,AO type B distal radius fractures and high

  19. [Acetabular fractures].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gänsslen, A; Oestern, H J

    2011-12-01

    Treatment of acetabular fractures requires extensive knowledge of the bony anatomy, the amount of possible exposure of the bone with the selected approaches and fracture type-dependent indications of operative treatment. Classification of the fracture with detailed analysis of the fracture morphology is the basis for decision making and planning. The primary treatment aim is the anatomic reconstruction of the acetabulum which results in optimal long-term results.The basis of this overview is the presentation of standard treatment concepts in acetabular fracture surgery. Beside characteristics of the acetabular bony anatomy, biomechanical and pathomechanical principles and the relevant radiological anatomy, the treatment options, both conservative and operative and basic principles of the indications for standard surgical approaches will be discussed.The special fracture type is discussed in detail regarding incidence, injury mechanism, concomitant injuries, options for conservative and operative treatment, quality of operative reduction and long-term results.Furthermore, epidemiological data on typical postoperative complications are evaluated.

  20. Cementless anatomical prosthesis for the treatment of 3-part and 4-part proximal humerus fractures: cadaver study and prospective clinical study with minimum 2 years followup

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Obert Laurent

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the functional and radiological outcomes of a cementless, trauma-specific locked stem for 3- and 4-part proximal humeral fractures. Materials and methods: This study consisted of two parts: a cadaver study with 22 shoulders and a multicenter prospective clinical study of 23 fracture patients evaluated at least 2 years after treatment. In the cadaver study, the locked stem (HumelockTM, FX Solutions and its instrumentation were evaluated. In the clinical study, five senior surgeons at four different hospitals performed the surgical procedures. An independent surgeon evaluated the patients using clinical (Constant score, QuickDASH and radiological (X-rays, CT scans outcome measures. Results: The cadaver study allowed us to validate the height landmarks relative to the pectoralis major tendon. In the clinical study, at the review, abduction was 95° (60–160, forward flexion was 108° (70–160, external rotation (elbow at body was 34° (0–55, the QuickDASH was 31 (4.5–59, the overall Constant score was 54 (27–75, and the weighted Constant score was 76 (31.5–109. Discussion: This preliminary study of hemiarthroplasty (HA with a locked stem found results that were at least equivalent to published series. As all patients had at least a 2-year follow-up, integration of the locked stem did not cause any specific complications. These results suggest that it is possible to avoid using cement when hemiarthroplasty is performed for the humeral stem. This implant makes height adjustment and transosseous suturing of the tuberosities more reproducible.

  1. Sports fractures.

    OpenAIRE

    DeCoster, T. A.; Stevens, M. A.; Albright, J. P.

    1994-01-01

    Fractures occur in athletes and dramatically influence performance during competitive and recreational activities. Fractures occur in athletes as the result of repetitive stress, acute sports-related trauma and trauma outside of athletics. The literature provides general guidelines for treatment as well as a variety of statistics on the epidemiology of fractures by sport and level of participation. Athletes are healthy and motivated patients, and have high expectations regarding their level o...

  2. Association of Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool for Asians (OSTA Score with Clinical Presentation and Expenditure in Hospitalized Trauma Patients with Femoral Fractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chien-Chang Chen

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: A cross-sectional study to investigate the association of Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool for Asians (OSTA score with clinical presentation and expenditure of hospitalized adult trauma patients with femoral fractures. Methods: According to the data retrieved from the Trauma Registry System between 1 January 2009 and 31 December 2015, a total of 2086 patients aged ≥40 years and hospitalized for treatment of traumatic femoral bone fracture were categorized as high-risk patients (OSTA < −4, n = 814, medium-risk patients (−1 ≥ OSTA ≥ −4, n = 634, and low-risk patients (OSTA > −1, n = 638. Two-sided Pearson’s, chi-squared, or Fisher’s exact tests were used to compare categorical data. Unpaired Student’s t-test and Mann-Whitney U-test were used to analyze normally and non-normally distributed continuous data, respectively. Propensity-score matching in a 1:1 ratio was performed using Number Crunching Statistical Software (NCSS software (NCSS 10; NCSS Statistical Software, Kaysville, UT, USA, with adjusted covariates including mechanism and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS; injuries were assessed based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS, and Injury Severity Score (ISS was used to evaluate the effect of OSTA-related grouping on a patient’s outcome. Results: High-risk and medium-risk patients were predominantly female, presented with significantly older age and higher incidences of co-morbidity, and were injured in a fall accident more frequently than low-risk patients. High-risk patients and medium-risk patients had a different pattern of femoral fracture and a significantly lower ISS. Although high-risk and medium-risk patients had significantly shorter lengths hospital of stay (LOS and less total expenditure than low-risk patients did, similar results were not found in the selected propensity score-matched patients, implying that the difference may be attributed to the associated injury severity of the patients with femoral

  3. Association of Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool for Asians (OSTA) Score with Clinical Presentation and Expenditure in Hospitalized Trauma Patients with Femoral Fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chien-Chang; Rau, Cheng-Shyuan; Wu, Shao-Chun; Kuo, Pao-Jen; Chen, Yi-Chun; Hsieh, Hsiao-Yun; Hsieh, Ching-Hua

    2016-10-10

    Background: A cross-sectional study to investigate the association of Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool for Asians (OSTA) score with clinical presentation and expenditure of hospitalized adult trauma patients with femoral fractures. Methods: According to the data retrieved from the Trauma Registry System between 1 January 2009 and 31 December 2015, a total of 2086 patients aged ≥40 years and hospitalized for treatment of traumatic femoral bone fracture were categorized as high-risk patients (OSTA risk patients (-1 ≥ OSTA ≥ -4, n = 634), and low-risk patients (OSTA > -1, n = 638). Two-sided Pearson's, chi-squared, or Fisher's exact tests were used to compare categorical data. Unpaired Student's t-test and Mann-Whitney U-test were used to analyze normally and non-normally distributed continuous data, respectively. Propensity-score matching in a 1:1 ratio was performed using Number Crunching Statistical Software (NCSS) software (NCSS 10; NCSS Statistical Software, Kaysville, UT, USA), with adjusted covariates including mechanism and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS); injuries were assessed based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS), and Injury Severity Score (ISS) was used to evaluate the effect of OSTA-related grouping on a patient's outcome. Results: High-risk and medium-risk patients were predominantly female, presented with significantly older age and higher incidences of co-morbidity, and were injured in a fall accident more frequently than low-risk patients. High-risk patients and medium-risk patients had a different pattern of femoral fracture and a significantly lower ISS. Although high-risk and medium-risk patients had significantly shorter lengths hospital of stay (LOS) and less total expenditure than low-risk patients did, similar results were not found in the selected propensity score-matched patients, implying that the difference may be attributed to the associated injury severity of the patients with femoral fracture. However, the charge of surgery is

  4. Colles Fracture

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez León, Belisario; Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Perú

    2014-01-01

    Our expertise is the study of more than 2,000 cases of Colles' fractures. Colles name should in this case to synthesize the type of fractures of the lower end of the radius. There have been various proposed classifications according to the different fracture lines can be demonstrated radiologically in the region of the wrist. We believe that these ratings should only be retained if the concept of the articular fracture or not in the classical sense, since it has great value in the functional ...

  5. Costochondral graft with green-stick fracture used in reconstruction of the mandibular condyle: experience in 13 clinical cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villanueva-Alcojol, Laura; Monje-Gil, Florencio; Gonzalez-Garcia, Raúl; Moreno-Garcia, Carlos; Serrano-Gil, Herminia; Maestre-Rodriguez, Oscar; Ruiz-Laza, Luis; Manzano-Solo de Zaldivar, Damián; Mateo-Arias, Jesús

    2009-12-01

    Since its publication in 1920 by Gillies, costochondral grafts have been used by surgeons to replace and injured mandibular condyle and to reconstruct the temporomandibular joint. This procedure is currently applied in cases of congenital dysplasia, developmental defects, temporomandibular ankylosis, neoplastic disease, osteoarthritis and post-traumatic dysfunction. Over the years, various procedures for the reconstruction with this type of graft have been described. In 1989, Mosby and Hiatt described a technique for setting the graft securely, reducing the space between the graft and the mandibular area. In 1998, Monje and Martín-Granizo developed a variation of this method, enabling a precise adaptation of the costochondral graft to the remaining mandibular ramus. The aim of this study is to evaluate the functional and anatomic results of the costochondral graft treatment by green-stick fracture for reconstruction of the TMJ in the 10 years following the description of this technique. We carry out a retrospective study of thirteen cases of temporomandibular pathology (tumors, ankylosis and hypoplasia) treated during a period of ten years from 1998 to 2008. In all these cases, the technique described by Monje and Martín-Granizo was used: removal of the sixth rib, fixation to a titanium mini-plate using screws, making an internal corticotomy in order to obtain a green-stick fracture of the outer cortex, providing adequate adaptation of the graft to the mandibular ramus. The graft was then set in place, attaching it with titanium screws. This technique was successful in achieving optimal ossification, a good interincisal opening and satisfactory cosmetic results. In conclusion, according to our experience, the green-stick fracture for the adaptation of costochondral grafts to the remaining mandibular ramus has presented outstanding results in the surgical treatment of temporomandibular pathology.

  6. Surgical treatment of zygomatic bone fracture using two points fixation versus three point fixation-a randomised prospective clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rana Majeed

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The zygoma plays an important role in the facial contour for both cosmetic and functional reasons; therefore zygomatic bone injuries should be properly diagnosed and adequately treated. Comparison of various surgical approaches and their complications can only be done objectively using outcome measurements which in turn require protocol management and long-term follow up. The preference for open reduction and internal fixation of zygomatic fractures at three points has continued to grow in response to observations of inadequate results from two point and one point fixation techniques. The objectives of this study were to compare the efficacy of zygomatic bone after treatment with ORIF using 2 point fixation and ORIF using 3 point fixation and compare the outcome of two procedures. Methods 100 patients were randomly divided equally into two groups. In group A, 50 patients were treated by ORIF using two point fixation by miniplates and in group B, 50 patients were treated by ORIF using three point fixation by miniplates. They were evaluated for their complications during and after surgery with their advantages and disadvantages and the difference between the two groups was observed. Results A total of 100 fractures were sustained. We found that postoperative complication like decreased malar height and vertical dystopia was more common in those patients who were treated by two point fixation than those who were treated with three point fixation. Conclusions Based on this study open reduction and internal fixation using three point fixation by miniplates is the best available method for the treatment zygomatic bone fractures.

  7. Comparison of the Analgesic Effect of Intravenous Acetaminophen and Morphine Sulfate in Rib Fracture; a Randomized Clinical Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehrdad Esmailian

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Rib fracture is one of the common causes of trauma disabilities in many events and the outcome of these patients are very extensive from temporary pain management to long-term significant disability. Control and management of the pain in such patients is one of the most important challenges in emergency departments. Thus, the aim of the present study was assessing the efficacy of IV acetaminophen in pain control of patients with rib fracture. Methods: In this double-blind study, 54 patients over 18 years of age, referred to two educational hospitals with rib fracture, were entered. Patients were randomly categorized in two groups of morphine sulfate (0.1 milligram per kilogram of body weight and IV acetaminophen (1gram, as single-dose infused in 100 cc normal saline. The pain severity was measured by Numeric Rating Scale on arrival and 30 minutes after drug administration. At least three scores reduction was reported as therapeutic success. Results: The mean and standard deviation of patients’ age was 41.2 ± 14.1 years. There is no difference in gender (p=0.24 and age frequency (p=0.77 between groups. 30 minutes after drug administration the mean of pain severity were 5.5 ± 2.3 and 4.9 ± 1.7 in morphine and acetaminophen groups, respectively (p=0.23. Success rate in morphine and acetaminophen groups were 58.6% (95% Cl: 39.6-77.7 and 80% (95% Cl: 63.2-96.7, respectively, (p=0.09. Only 3 (5.6% patients had dizziness (p=0.44 and other effects were not seen in any of patients. Conclusion: The findings of the present study shows that intravenous acetaminophen and morphine have the same therapeutic value in relieving the pain of rib fracture. The success rate after 30 minutes drug administration were 80% and 58.6% in acetaminophen and morphine groups, respectively. Presentation of side effects was similar in both groups.

  8. Improving clinical examination in acute tibial fractures by enhancing visual cues: the case for always 'cutting back' a tibial back-slab and marking the dorsalis pedis pulse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Alasdair; Kimber, Cheryl; Bramwell, Donald; Jaarsma, Ruurd

    2016-08-01

    Look, feel, move is a simple and widely taught sequence to be followed when undertaking a clinical examination in orthopaedics (Maher et al., 1994; McRae, 1999; Solomon et al., 2010). The splinting of an acute tibial fracture with a posterior back-slab is also common practice; with the most commonly taught design involving covering the dorsum of the foot with bandaging (Charnley, 1950; Maher et al., 1994; McRae, 1989). We investigated the effect of the visual cues provided by exposing the dorsum of the foot and marking the dorsalis pedis pulse. We used a clinical simulation in which we compared the quality of the recorded clinical examination undertaken by 30 nurses. The nurses were randomly assigned to assess a patient with either a traditional back-slab or one in which the dorsal bandaging had been cut back and the dorsalis pedis pulse marked. We found that the quality of the recorded clinical examination was significantly better in the cut-back group. Previous studies have shown that the cut-back would not alter the effectiveness of the back-slab as a splint (Zagorski et al., 1993). We conclude that all tibial back-slabs should have the bandaging on the dorsum of the foot cut back and the location of the dorsalis pedis pulse marked. This simple adaptation will improve the subsequent clinical examinations undertaken and recorded without reducing the back-slab's effectiveness as a splint.

  9. Clinical analysis of treatment in 106 patients with orbital fracture%眼眶骨折106例治疗分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宏武; 宋小松

    2011-01-01

    [目的]探讨眼眶骨折的临床特点以及治疗方案的选择.[方法]回顾106例眼眶骨折病例,分析并总结保守治疗及手术治疗方案的选择.[结果]24例患者行眼眶骨折整复术,术后眼球内陷和复视得到了矫正或改善;82例保守治疗,除其中2例有手术适应证但拒绝手术患者外,其余80例均未发生眼球内陷和复视.[结论]眼球内陷及/或双眼复视为眼眶骨折的手术适应证,手术治疗与非手术治疗相互结合可以取得良好效果.%[Objective] To investigate clinical Characteristics and selection of the treatments of orbital fractures. [Methods] One hundred and six cases with orbital fracture treated by conservative or surgical treatments were reviewed and summarized. [ Results] Twenty - four patients with reconstructive surgeries for orbital fractures were respectively analyzed, and their enophthalmos and diplopia were cured. In 82 conservative treated patients, there were 80 patients cured completely, except for 2 patients who should be treated with, but refused the surgery. [ Conclusion] The operative indication is according to the existence of enophthalmos and/or diplopia. The combination of conservative treatment with surgery can obtain good curative effect.

  10. Double segmental tibial fractures - an unusual fracture pattern

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bali Kamal

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available 【Abstract】A case of a 50-year-old pedestrian who was hit by a bike and suffered fractures of both bones of his right leg was presented. Complete clinical and radiographic assessment showed double segmental fractures of the tibia and multisegmental fractures of the fibula. Review of the literature revealed that this fracture pattern was unique and only a single case was reported so far. Moreover, we discussed the possible mechanisms which can lead to such an injury. We also discussed the management of segmental tibial fracture and the difficulties encountered with them. This case was managed by modern osteosynthesis tech- nique with a pleasing outcome. Key words: Fracture, bone; Tibia; Fibula; Nails

  11. A CLINICAL STUDY OF MANAGEMENT OF FRACTURE BOTH BONES FOREARM WITH INTERNAL FIXATION BY TWO DIFFERENT METHODS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Venkateswara Rao

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: 60 cases of fracture both bone forearm in adults were operated and fixed using two different instruments in Siddhartha Medical College/Government General Hospital, Vijayawada between May 2013 to April 2015. METHODS: Most of the cases were young adult male with age ranging between 20 - 75yrs. The functional outcome of two different modalities of surgical management of diaphyseal fracture of both bone forearm in adults are interpreted. 30 patients were operated with DCP, and 30 patients were operated with intramedullary nailing. RESULTS : By Anderson Scoring System out of 30 cases of DCP 66.67% were excellent, 33.33% were satisfactory. Out of 30 cases of Intramedullary nailing with Talwalker square nails 50% were excellent, 23.33% were satisfactory, 16.67% were unsatisfactory, 10% had failure results. CONCLUSION : Open reduction and internal fixation can be considered as the treatment of choice if there were no contraindications for this because it is important to maintain length, opposition, axial alignment and rotational alignment if a good range of movement of forearm is to be restored. This is achieved in the present study.

  12. High prevalence of simultaneous rib and vertebral fractures in patients with hip fracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Bong-Gun; Sung, Yoon-Kyoung; Kim, Dam; Choi, Yun Young; Kim, Hunchul; Kim, Yeesuk

    2017-02-01

    The purpose was to evaluate the prevalence and location of simultaneous fracture using bone scans in patients with hip fracture and to determine the risk factors associated with simultaneous fracture. One hundred eighty two patients with hip fracture were reviewed for this study. Clinical parameters and bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar vertebra and femoral neck were investigated. To identify acute simultaneous fracture, a bone scan was performed at 15.4±4.1days after hip fracture. The prevalence and location of simultaneous fracture were evaluated, and multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the risk factors. Simultaneous fracture was observed in 102 of 182 patients, a prevalence of 56.0%. Rib fracture was the most common type of simultaneous fracture followed by rib with vertebral fracture. The BMD of the lumbar vertebra was significantly lower in patients with simultaneous fracture (p=0.044) and was identified as an independent risk factor (odds ratio: OR 0.05, 95% confidence interval: CI 0.01-0.57). The prevalence of simultaneous fracture was relatively high among patients with hip fracture, and BMD was significantly lower in patients with simultaneous fracture than in patients without it. Surgeons should be aware of the possibility of simultaneous fracture in patients with hip fracture. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Maisonneuve-hyperplantarflexion variant ankle fracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinds, Richard M; Tran, Wesley H; Lorich, Dean G

    2014-11-01

    Maisonneuve fractures are rare ankle injuries, accounting for up to 7% of all ankle fractures. They consist of a proximal third fibula fracture, syndesmotic disruption, and medial ankle injury (either a deltoid ligament disruption or a medial malleolus fracture), and are often successfully managed with nonoperative treatment of the proximal fibula fracture and open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of the medial ankle injury and syndesmotic disruption. The hyperplantarflexion variant ankle fracture comprises approximately 7% of all ankle fractures and features dual posterior tibial lip fractures featuring a posterolateral fragment and a posteromedial fragment. Good functional results have been reported in the literature after ORIF of both the posterolateral and posteromedial fragments of this variant fracture that is not described by the Lauge-Hansen classification. In this report, the authors present the unique case of an isolated ankle fracture demonstrating characteristics of both a Maisonneuve fracture and a hyperplantarflexion variant ankle fracture. They also highlight the diagnostic imaging characteristics, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and preoperative radiograph findings, surgical treatment, and postoperative clinical outcome for this patient with a Maisonneuve-hyperplantarflexion variant ankle fracture. To the authors' knowledge, this unique fracture pattern has not been reported previously in the literature. The authors conclude that although good results were seen postoperatively in this case, the importance of ORIF of both the posteromedial and posterolateral fragments of variant fractures cannot be overstated. They also found MRI to be a particularly helpful adjunct in formulating the correct diagnosis and treatment plan.

  14. [Subtrochanteric femoral fractures].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulmar, B; Simon, S; Eschler, A; Mittlmeier, T

    2013-12-01

    Subtrochanteric femoral fractures are proximal femoral fractures which are located between the trochanter minor and an area of 3 cm below the minor trochanter on the femoral shaft. About 10-15% of all proximal femoral fractures correspond to this fracture site. Elderly or geriatric patients are generally affected and the injury is often the result of a fall in the home, while high-energy trauma is the cause in a small group of generally younger patients. Clinical evaluation of the affected extremity shows disability of axial weight-bearing and pain during compression and rotation of the hip joint. Basic diagnostics include conventional x-rays of the injured femur in the anterior-posterior and lateral planes. These subtrochanteric femoral fractures are almost always treated surgically due to the inherent high degree of instability. The main goals of surgical intervention are to achieve anatomic fracture reduction and primary full weight-bearing stability of the corresponding leg. Intramedullary interlocking nails are used for primary treatment, while extramedullary implants are often used in revision surgery. Early mobilization and intensive respiratory exercises are necessary to prevent early postoperative complications.

  15. Management of osteoporosis in patients hospitalized for hip fractures

    OpenAIRE

    Ip, T. P.; Leung, J.; Kung, A. W. C.

    2010-01-01

    Hip fracture is associated with high morbidity, mortality, and economic burden worldwide. It is also a major risk factor for a subsequent fracture. A literature search on the management of osteoporosis in patients with hip fracture was performed on the Medline database. Only one clinical drug trial was conducted in patients with a recent hip fracture. Further studies that specifically address post-fracture management of hip fracture are needed. The efficacy of anti-osteoporosis medication in ...

  16. 骨质疏松伴压缩性骨折的临床治疗与护理%Clinical Treatment and Nursing of Compression Fracture with Osteoporosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易祥娥

    2015-01-01

    With the continuous increase of people age,most of the people there wil be symptoms of osteoporosis with compression fracture,in scope in China,the symptoms often appear,incidence of a disease is extremely high,combined with his many years of work experience,focus on clinical treatment and nursing care of patients with osteoporosis compression fracture were analyzed briefly.%随着人们年龄的不断增大,大多数的人会出现骨质疏松伴压缩性骨折的病状,在我国的范围内,这种病状经常出现,发病率极其高,几乎每一个老年人或多或少的都会有一些骨质疏松,给老年人的晚年生活带来严重的不便和痛苦,本文结合自己多年的工作经验,着重对骨质疏松伴压缩性骨折的临床治疗与护理进行简要分析。

  17. Clinical Study on Effect of Osteoking (恒古骨伤愈合剂) in Preventing Postoperational Deep Venous Thrombosis in Patients with Intertrochanteric Fracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Hong-bin; HU Min; ZHENG Hong-yu; LIANG Hong-suo; ZHU Xiao-song

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the effect of Osteoking (恒古骨伤愈合剂) in preventing postoperational deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in patients with intertrochanteric fracture (ITF). Methods: With prospective and randomized controlled clinical design adopted, 62 patients with ITF after operation were assigned into 2 groups, the tested group and the control group, Osteoking (25 ml every other day) and SanchiDifference of round length of thighs and shanks between two sides were measured on the 10th day and Doppler ultrasonic examination on the fractured leg was carried out. Results: The occurrence rate of DVT in the tested goup was 9.4%, which was lower than that in the control group (30.0%, P<0.05). All the difference of round lengths, either that of the thigh or the shank, was less in the tested group than that in the control group, showing statistical significance ( P<0.05 ). Conclusion: Osteoking has a satisfactory effect in preventing postoperational DVT in patients with ITF.

  18. The Analysis of the Clinical Outcome of the complicated Acetabulum fracture after Operation%复杂型髋臼骨折的临床疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李志成

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the clinical outcome of the complicated acetabulum fracture that had been treated by open reduction and internal fixation with reconstruction plate. Methods: twenty eight patients who had had open reduction and internal fixation with reconstruction plate for unstable complicated fracture of the acetabulum were studied. All the patients were followed up at a mean of 2.8 years(two to seven years). The functional outcome was evaluated with the clinical grading system adopted by Letourmel and Judet. Patients, fracture and radiographic variables were analyzed to identify associations with functional outcome. Results: The reduction of the fracture, as determined with plain radiography, was graded as anatomic in eighteen and as imperfect in one. The clinic outcome at the time of final follow-up was graded as excellent in fourteen patients, very good in twelve, good in one and poor in one. The radiographic result was excellent in thirteen patients , good in thirteen, fair in one and poor in one. There were significant association between the clinical outcome and the final radiographic grade. Variables identified as risk factors for clinical results included a delay of greater than twenty four hours before reduction of an associated hip dislocation, an age of sixty years or older at the time of injury, intra-articular comminution and osteonecrosis. Conclusions: The uncomplicated radiographic appearance and operative approach for fractures of the acetabulum belie the risk of poor results. Prompt reduction of an associated hip dislocation is imperative. Fractures in elderly patients and those with extensive comminution are more likely to have a poor clinical result. However, a high likelihood of a long term good to excellent result can be expected following anatomic reduction and internal fixation of these fractures.%目的 探讨切开复位重建钢板内固定治疗复杂型髋臼骨折的临床疗效.方法 28例切开复位内固定治疗的

  19. Contact areas of the scaphoid and lunate with the distal radius in neutral and extension: correlation of falling strategies and distal radial anatomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Y R; Wu, Y F; Tang, J B; Giddins, G

    2014-05-01

    The functional neutral of wrist movement is about 10° extension yet the distal radius has a volar tilt. This has not previously been explained. Assuming that the contact area between the carpus and the distal radius increased in wrist extension this would also help stabilize the carpus on the distal radius in positions where typically there is greater loading. To test this hypothesis we reconstructed three-dimensional structures of the carpal bones and distal radius using computed tomography scans of 13 normal wrists. The contact areas of the scaphoid with the distal radius were measured and were found progressively increased from flexion 20°, neutral, extension 20°, to extension 40°. The maximal increases in the contact area of the scaphoid and the distal radius was at full wrist extension. No significant changes in the contact areas of the lunate with the distal radius were found between the different positions. The contact characteristics provide greater stability to the carpus on the distal radius, and to help spread forces from impact to the wrist reducing the transmitted peak forces and thus the risk of distal radius and carpal injuries.

  20. Comparison of the Analgesic Effect of Intravenous Acetaminophen and Morphine Sulfate in Rib Fracture; a Randomized Double-Blind Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esmailian, Mehrdad; Moshiri, Roshanak; Zamani, Majid

    2015-01-01

    Rib fracture is one of the common causes of trauma disabilities in many events and the outcome of these patients are very extensive from temporary pain management to long-term significant disability. Control and management of the pain in such patients is one of the most important challenges in emergency departments. Thus, the aim of the present study was assessing the efficacy of IV acetaminophen in pain control of patients with rib fracture. In this double-blind clinical trial, 54 patients over 18 years of age, referred to two educational hospitals with rib fracture, were entered. Patients were randomly categorized in two groups of morphine sulfate (0.1 milligram per kilogram of body weight) and IV acetaminophen (1gram), as single-dose infused in 100 cc normal saline. The pain severity was measured by numeric rating scale (NRS) on arrival and 30 minutes after drug administration. At least three scores reduction was reported as therapeutic success. The mean and standard deviation of patients' age was 41.2 ± 14.1 years. There is no difference in gender (p=0.24) and age frequency (p=0.77) between groups. 30 minutes after drug administration the mean of pain severity were 5.5 ± 2.3 and 4.9 ± 1.7 in morphine and acetaminophen groups, respectively (p=0.23). Success rate in morphine and acetaminophen groups were 58.6% (95% Cl: 39.6-77.7) and 80% (95% Cl: 63.2-96.7), respectively, (p=0.09). Only 3 (5.6%) patients had dizziness (p=0.44) and other effects were not seen in any of patients. The findings of the present study shows that intravenous acetaminophen and morphine have the same therapeutic value in relieving the pain of rib fracture. The success rate after 30 minutes drug administration were 80% and 58.6% in acetaminophen and morphine groups, respectively. Presentation of side effects was similar in both groups.

  1. Trials and tribulations of recruiting 2,000 older women onto a clinical trial investigating falls and fractures: Vital D study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taylor Roderick

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Randomised, placebo-controlled trials are needed to provide evidence demonstrating safe, effective interventions that reduce falls and fractures in the elderly. The quality of a clinical trial is dependent on successful recruitment of the target participant group. This paper documents the successes and failures of recruiting over 2,000 women aged at least 70 years and at higher risk of falls or fractures onto a placebo-controlled trial of six years duration. The characteristics of study participants at baseline are also described for this study. Methods The Vital D Study recruited older women identified at high risk of fracture through the use of an eligibility algorithm, adapted from identified risk factors for hip fracture. Participants were randomised to orally receive either 500,000 IU vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol or placebo every autumn for five consecutive years. A variety of recruitment strategies were employed to attract potential participants. Results Of the 2,317 participants randomised onto the study, 74% (n = 1716/2317 were consented onto the study in the last five months of recruiting. This was largely due to the success of a targeted mail-out. Prior to this only 541 women were consented in the 18 months of recruiting. A total of 70% of all participants were recruited as a result of targeted mail-out. The response rate from the letters increased from 2 to 7% following revision of the material by a public relations company. Participant demographic or risk factor profile did not differ between those recruited by targeted mail-outs compared with other methods. Conclusion The most successful recruitment strategy was the targeted mail-out and the response rate was no higher in the local region where the study had extensive exposure through other recruiting strategies. The strategies that were labour-intensive and did not result in successful recruitment include the activities directed towards the GP medical centres

  2. Fracture Mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Zehnder, Alan T

    2012-01-01

    Fracture mechanics is a vast and growing field. This book develops the basic elements needed for both fracture research and engineering practice. The emphasis is on continuum mechanics models for energy flows and crack-tip stress- and deformation fields in elastic and elastic-plastic materials. In addition to a brief discussion of computational fracture methods, the text includes practical sections on fracture criteria, fracture toughness testing, and methods for measuring stress intensity factors and energy release rates. Class-tested at Cornell, this book is designed for students, researchers and practitioners interested in understanding and contributing to a diverse and vital field of knowledge. Alan Zehnder joined the faculty at Cornell University in 1988. Since then he has served in a number of leadership roles including Chair of the Department of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, and Director of the Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering.  He teaches applied mechanics and his research t...

  3. Clinical study of emergency treatment and selective closed reduction for the treatment of supracondylar humerus fracture in children

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    Wei Zhong

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To study the effect of emergency treatment, selective closed reduction combined with percutaneous Kirschner wire fixation on the treatment of Gartland type-II and type-III supracondylar humerus fracture. Methods: Children who sustained the Gartland type-II and type-III supracondylar fractures of humerus treated with selective closed reduction combined with percutaneous Kirschner wire fixation in our hospital from May 2012 to August 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. They were divided into group A (emergency operation group and group B (selective operation group according to different operation timing. Perioperative situation, blood biochemical parameters, swelling degree and elbow joint function of affected limb were compared between two groups. Results: Operation time for patients of group A was significantly shorter than that of group B [(17.19 ± 2.85 vs. (21.43 ± 3.91 min], and frequency of fluoroscopy during operation of group A was obviously less than that of group B [(6.03 ± 0.95 vs. (7.61 ± 0.92 times]. Swelling index of affected limb in group A at 3 days, 5 days and 7 days after injury was all significantly lower than that in group B [(1.20 ± 0.17 vs. (1.38 ± 0.14, (1.13 ± 0.13 vs. (1.30 ± 0.18, (1.02 ± 0.15 vs. (1.22 ± 0.15]. Hospital for special surgery score at 1 week, 2 weeks, 3 and 4 weeks after removing Kirschner wire had no significant difference between group A and B (88.75 ± 10.18 vs. (89.14 ± 10.52, (94.22 ± 10.85 vs. (93.85 ± 11.08, (95.52 ± 11.27 vs. (95.92 ± 12.19, (95.43 ± 10.96 vs. (96.02 ± 11.38. Contents of serum alanine transaminase, aspertate aminotransferase, total protein, albumin and C-reactive protein in perioperative period had no obvious difference between patients in group A and B. Conclusions: Emergency closed reduction combined with percutaneous Kirschner wire fixation for Gartland type-II and type-III supracondylar humerus fracture in children has less trauma, low swelling degree

  4. Clinical study of emergency treatment and selective closed reduction for the treatment of supracondylar humerus fracture in children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei Zhong; Xue-Wen Wang

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To study the effect of emergency treatment, selective closed reduction combined with percutaneous Kirschner wire fixation on the treatment of Gartland type-II and type-III supracondylar humerus fracture. Methods: Children who sustained the Gartland type-II and type-III supracondylar fractures of humerus treated with selective closed reduction combined with percutaneous Kirschner wire fixation in our hospital from May 2012 to August 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. They were divided into group A (emergency operation group) and group B (selective operation group) according to different operation timing. Perioperative sit-uation, blood biochemical parameters, swelling degree and elbow joint function of affected limb were compared between two groups. Results: Operation time for patients of group A was significantly shorter than that of group B [(17.19 ± 2.85) vs. (21.43 ± 3.91) min], and frequency of fluoroscopy during operation of group A was obviously less than that of group B [(6.03 ± 0.95) vs. (7.61 ± 0.92) times]. Swelling index of affected limb in group A at 3 days, 5 days and 7 days after injury was all significantly lower than that in group B [(1.20 ± 0.17) vs. (1.38 ± 0.14), (1.13 ± 0.13) vs. (1.30 ± 0.18), (1.02 ± 0.15) vs. (1.22 ± 0.15)]. Hospital for special surgery score at 1 week, 2 weeks, 3 and 4 weeks after removing Kirschner wire had no significant difference between group A and B (88.75 ± 10.18) vs. (89.14 ± 10.52), (94.22 ± 10.85) vs. (93.85 ± 11.08), (95.52 ± 11.27) vs. (95.92 ± 12.19), (95.43 ± 10.96) vs. (96.02 ± 11.38). Contents of serum alanine transaminase, aspertate aminotransferase, total protein, albumin and C-reactive protein in perioperative period had no obvious difference between patients in group A and B. Conclusions: Emergency closed reduction combined with percutaneous Kirschner wire fixation for Gartland type-II and type-III supracondylar humerus fracture in children has less trauma, low swelling

  5. Surgical treatment for complicated acetabular fractures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ning An; Yang Yanmin

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To sum up the surgical approaches and clinical outcome of complicated acetabular fractures. Methods: 17 patients with complicated acetabular fractures (including 4 cases of transverse with posterior wall fractures, 7 cases of posterior column and wall fractures, 4 cases of anterior and posterior columns fractures, 1 cases of T-type fracture and 1 cases of anterior column with posterior hemitransverse fractures) underwent open reduction and internal fixation with screws and plates by Kocher-Langenbeck (8 cases), ilio-inguinal (2 cases), extended iliofemoral (4 cases) or ilio-inguinal combined with K-L approaches (3 cases). Results: 12 patients with anatomical reduction, 4 patients with satisfactory reduction and 1 patient with non-satisfactory reduction. 15 out of 17 cases were followed up for 6 months to 5 years, and the excellent and good rate was 70.5%. Conclusion: Surgical treatment for complicated acetabular fractures can get a satisfactory reduction and a good clinical outcome.

  6. Clinical analysis on pediatric orbital trapdoor fractures%儿童Trapdoor眼眶骨折14例临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘桂琴; 欧阳明; 朱远飞; 蒋丽琼; 周凤; 乔元娇

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical manifestation and therapeutic efficacy of orbital trapdoor fracture in children by analyzing the clinical data of children with orbital trapdoor fracture.Methods Fourteen cases (14 eyes) with pediatric orbital trapdoor fracture were reviewed and analyzed from January 2008 to January 2015 in Shenzhen Eye Hospital.Results The common clinical manifestations of 14 cases with orbital trapdoor fracture were vertical diplopia with limitation of up-gaze (6/14),vertical diplopia with limitation of up-gaze and down-gaze (8/14),oculocardiac reflex (6/14),acute intraocular pressure rising (2/14).In 6 patients with limitation of up-gaze,forced duction test were positive for 1 and weak positive for 5,in 8 patients with limitation of up-gaze and down-gaze,7 were strongly positive,and 1 weakly positive.The common CT image demonstration included a slit fracture along the inside of infraorbital groove in the orbital floor located posterior to the equator of the globe (14/14),incarceration of the inferior rectus muscle in the fracture (7/14),the swollen inferior rectus muscle rotated and displaced into the fracture (6/14).The intervals from injury to presentation were 4-30 days.Thirteen cases underwent surgery,1 case cured after conservative treatment.The intervals from injury to surgery were 7-30 days.Six cases with limitation of up-gaze obtained good restoration of ocular mobility and correction of diplopia.Of 7 cases with limitation of up-gaze and down-gaze,1 case obtained good restoration of ocular mobility and correction of diplopia,3 cases had residual diplopia at extremes of up-gaze and restricted superduction,3 patients had no obvious improvement in ocular mobility and diplopia.Conclusions Pediatric patients with vertical diplopia and severe limitation of vertical-gaze,oculocardiac reflex,and acute intraocular pressure rising without eyeball injury often have trapdoor fracture in the orbital floor.Strongly positive forced duction test and

  7. 成人孟氏骨折治疗的临床探讨%Clinical study for the treatment of monteggia fracture in adult

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武云鹤; 张宝琦; 赵龙; 尚瑞松; 王竹君; 宋有鑫; 陈宾; 关舒丹; 王桂平; 崔成喜; 张宇轩; 杨佳宁; 杨帅; 龚平

    2015-01-01

    that in children and there are obvious differences in the aspects of mechanism of injury,type,prognosis and treatment method. However,compared to the clinical reports about Monteggia fracture in children,the number is relatively smaller in adults.Improperly treated adult Monteggia fracture may have more complications and need to draw enough attention from doctors.Thirty patients of fresh adult Monteggia fracture were treated with operation.Their clinical data was retrospectively analyzed by the author to explore its clinical features and treatment methods.Methods (1 )Clinical data:From December 2005 to April 2013,30 patients were admitted into our hospital,including 21 males and 9 females.Eighteen cases were on the left extremity and 12 cases were on the right side.Their ages ranged from 18 to 72 with an average of 36.7 years.According to Bado classification,there were 8 cases of Bado I (extension type), 15 cases of Bado Ⅱ (flexion type),3 cases of Bado Ⅲ (adduction type)and 4 cases of Bado IV (special type).All the cases were fresh fractures with 4 cases of open fracture,5 cases of radial nerve damage and 5 cases of radial head fracture.All the patients were treated by open reduction and internal fixation of the ulnar fractures with titanium plate and screw.Sixteen cases of radial head dislocation were performed close reduction,and 14 cases were performed by open reduction.The lateral collateral ligament repair was done in 9 cases.Lateral collateral ligament repair with reconstruction of the annular ligament was done in 5 cases.Among 5 cases of radial nerve injury,2 cases were performed radial nerve exploration.(2)Operation methods:The operation was performed under brachial plexus block with tourniquet control.As to the open fracture,debridement was performed first to expose the ulnar fracture site.After reduction,the ulna was internally fixed with titanium plate.Closed ulnar fracture was performed open reduction and titanium plate and screw fixation.Both the

  8. 老年人髋部骨质疏松性骨折的临床治疗%Clinical Treatment of Osteoporotic Hip Fracture in the Elderly

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭德明

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical diagnosis and treatment of osteoporotic hip fracture in the elderly.Methods Select our hospital department of orthopedics from osteoporotic hip fracture in the elderly patients with a total of 187 cases as the research object, the patients were grouped according to the treatment, 87 patients were treated conservatively, set as the control group, 100 patients were treated by operation, set to the observation group.Results After the treatment, the total efficiency of the observation group reached 93%, higher than the control group, there is significant difference comparing the data, and the difference was statisticaly significant (P < 0.05).Conclusion On the basis of CT and X-ray diagnosis of osteoporotic hip fracture in the elderly, through the use of dual energy detection and diagnosis on bone mineral density in patients diagnosed with X-ray absorption method, the timely implementation of operation treatment is the key measures to improve the curative effect, worthy of concern and attention by clinical staff.%目的:探讨老年人髋部骨质疏松性骨折临床诊治分析。方法选择我院骨科所收治的髋部骨质疏松性骨折老年患者共计187例作为研究对象,根据患者所采取的治疗方案进行分组,87例患者采取保守治疗,设置为对照组,100例患者采取手术治疗,设置为观察组。结果接受治疗后,观察组患者总有效率达到93.00%,较对照组更高,数据对比存在明显差异,且差异有统计学意义(P <0.05)。结论老年人髋部骨质疏松性骨折可以在CT或X线诊断的基础之上,通过使用双能X线吸收法对骨密度进行检测并确诊,确诊患者及时实施手术治疗是提高疗效的关键措施,值得引起临床人员的关注与重视。

  9. Diagnostic accuracy of the gravity stress test and clinical signs in cases of isolated supination-external rotation-type lateral malleolar fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nortunen, S; Flinkkilä, T; Lantto, I; Kortekangas, T; Niinimäki, J; Ohtonen, P; Pakarinen, H

    2015-08-01

    We prospectively assessed the diagnostic accuracy of the gravity stress test and clinical findings to evaluate the stability of the ankle mortise in patients with supination-external rotation-type fractures of the lateral malleolus without widening of the medial clear space. The cohort included 79 patients with a mean age of 44 years (16 to 82). Two surgeons assessed medial tenderness, swelling and ecchymosis and performed the external rotation (ER) stress test (a reference standard). A diagnostic radiographer performed the gravity stress test. For the gravity stress test, the positive likelihood ratio (LR) was 5.80 with a 95% confidence interval (CI) of 2.75 to 12.27, and the negative LR was 0.15 (95% CI 0.07 to 0.35), suggesting a moderate change from the pre-test probability. Medial tenderness, both alone and in combination with swelling and/or ecchymosis, indicated a small change (positive LR, 2.74 to 3.25; negative LR, 0.38 to 0.47), whereas swelling and ecchymosis indicated only minimal changes (positive LR, 1.41 to 1.65; negative LR, 0.38 to 0.47). In conclusion, when gravity stress test results are in agreement with clinical findings, the result is likely to predict stability of the ankle mortise with an accuracy equivalent to ER stress test results. When clinical examination suggests a medial-side injury, however, the gravity stress test may give a false negative result.

  10. Posterior bicondylar tibial plateau fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, DuWayne A

    2005-02-01

    To present a case series of patients with posterior bicondylar tibial plateau fractures treated by direct fracture exposure and fixation through dual incisions. Retrospective clinical study. Level 1 trauma centers. Eight patients were identified that had posterior bicondylar tibial plateau fractures. Two patients had depressed posterolateral tibial plateau fractures with contained defects and did not have direct fracture exposure. One patient died of medical problems leaving 5 patients who underwent direct fracture exposure, reduction, and fixation. Posteromedial followed by posterolateral open reduction and internal fixation of posterior bicondylar tibial plateau fractures. At 6 to 24 months follow-up (mean 13 months), all patients returned to near full activities, each with aching after prolonged standing (8-hour shift). Range of motion averaged 2 degrees to 121 degrees of flexion. Three of 5 returned to manual labor jobs; the others were not employed at the time of injury. Posterior bicondylar tibial plateau fractures have a high association with lateral meniscal pathology and can be associated with anterior cruciate ligament injury. Reduction of the posterior plateau condyles is easiest with the knee in full extension. Flexion contractures can be a problem, and patients should be encouraged to regain/maintain knee extension. The dual-incision approach to these challenging fractures can result in good to excellent knee function for these patients.

  11. Clinic treatment experience on crown fracture of young permanent incisors%年轻恒前牙冠折后的临床治疗体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈敏

    2013-01-01

    Objective To summarize young permanent incisors with crown fracture in clinical methods,to explore the most beneficial development of young permanent teeth a good way.Methods 30 young crown fracture of permanent incisors trauma cases is based on the pulp exposure,pulp without lesions,X ray shows the root development was specific conditions such as different disposal methods,and followed up after treatment for analysis.Results The review 1 week after treatment,direct pulp capping group 2 patients,indirect pulp capping,there were 2 cases of pulpotomy group,1 patient had pain.After 6 months later,indirect pulp capping success in 9 cases,1 case of failure;direct pulp capping success in 4 cases,2 cases failed;pulpotomy success in 5 cases,1 case of failure;apical surgery group induced a successful 8 cases,failure in 1 case.Conclusion The traumatic crown fracture of young permanent teeth should be handled as soon as possible.Not exposed pulp of crown fracture of young permanent incisor using the indirect pulp capping;on the exposed pulp of the young crown fracture of permanent incisors of time under treatment,pulp status,and root development was to take direct pulp capping,pulpotomy,Apexification the different treatment methods,the periodic review after treatment is not missing,until observed for root development and timely completion of root canal treatment.%目的:通过总结年轻恒前牙冠折的临床治疗方法,探讨最有益于年轻恒前牙良好发育的方法.方法:对30颗年轻恒前牙外伤冠折病例根据牙髓是否暴露、牙髓有无病变、X线片显示的根尖发育情况等具体情况采取不同处置方法,治疗后进行随访观察并作分析研究.结果:治疗后1周复查,直接盖髓术组有2例、间接盖髓术组有2例、活髓切断术组有1例出现疼痛.术后6个月复查,间接盖髓术成功9例,失败1例;直接盖髓术成功4例,失败2例;活髓切断术成功5例,失败1例;根尖诱导术组成功8

  12. Fracture mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Perez, Nestor

    2017-01-01

    The second edition of this textbook includes a refined presentation of concepts in each chapter, additional examples; new problems and sections, such as conformal mapping and mechanical behavior of wood; while retaining all the features of the original book. The material included in this book is based upon the development of analytical and numerical procedures pertinent to particular fields of linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM) and plastic fracture mechanics (PFM), including mixed-mode-loading interaction. The mathematical approach undertaken herein is coupled with a brief review of several fracture theories available in cited references, along with many color images and figures. Dynamic fracture mechanics is included through the field of fatigue and Charpy impact testing. Explains computational and engineering approaches for solving crack-related problems using straightforward mathematics that facilitate comprehension of the physical meaning of crack growth processes; Expands computational understandin...

  13. Fracture mechanics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shannon, John L., Jr.

    1986-01-01

    The application of fracture mechanics to the design of ceramic structures will require the precise measurement of crack growth and fracture resistance of these materials over their entire range of anticipated service temperatures and standardized test methods for making such measurements. The development of a standard test for measuring the plane strain fracture toughness is sought. Stress intensity factor coefficients were determined for three varieties of chevron-notch specimens, and fracture toughness measurements were made on silicon nitrides, silicon carbides, and aluminum oxides to assess the performance of each specimen variety. It was determined that silicon nitride and silicon carbides have flat crack growth resistance curves, but aluminum oxide does not. Additionally, batch-to-batch differences were noticed for the aluminum oxide. Experiments are continuing to explain the rising crack growth resistance and batch-to-batch variations for the aluminum oxide.

  14. 浅谈MRI在膝关节隐匿性骨折诊断中的价值%Occult fracture of knee MRI analysis of the clinical diagnosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘旋辉

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To analyze the clinical diagnosis of MRI for knee occult fractures. Methods: In our hospital between May 2012 October 2013 were treated 74 cases of knee trauma patients, all patients first X-ray and CT scan, and then recheck the use of MRI contrast the two test results. Results:74 cases of patients, X-ray and CT scan were negative, but the MRI examination found that patients with occult fracture with ligament injuries in 29 cases, combined meniscal tear patients, 23 cases of patients with knee joint effusion in 16 cases combined knee hemorrhage in 6 patients. Conclusion: MRI can clearly show the knee occult fractures and complications that can effectively avoid missed or misdiagnosed, is undoubtedly the preferred inspection.%目的:分析MRI在膝关节隐匿性骨折诊断中的临床价值。方法:选取我院在2012年5月-2013年10月间收治的74例膝关节外伤患者,对所有患者先行X线和CT检查,然后采用MRI复检,对比两种检查结果。结果:本组74例患者的X线和CT检查结果均呈阴性,但MRI检查后发现,隐匿性骨折合并韧带损伤患者29例,合并半月板撕裂患者23例,合并膝关节积液的患者16例,合并膝关节积血患者6例。结论:MRI可以清晰地显示出膝关节隐匿性骨折的情况及其并发症,从而有效避免漏诊或误诊,可作为该病的首选检查方法。

  15. Locking plates in proximal humerus fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strohm, P C; Helwig, P; Konrad, G; Südkamp, N P

    2007-12-01

    It is well known that proximal humerus fractures are among the three most frequent fracture types. Epidemiological invetsigations show that in people elder than 60 years the fracture of the proximal humerus is more frequent than fractures of the hip region (17). Over the last decades several techniques have been applied for treatment of proximal humerus fractures. Widely accepted is the initiation of a conservative treatment regimen for undisplaced fractures, however, the standard treatment for displaced fractures, especially three and four part fractures, is still the center of scientific debate. Many different implants have been tested and investigated, thus demonstrating lack of sufficient results. Over the last years the development of angle stable, locking implants started and clinical studies demonstrated encouraging results. In our clinic the locking proximal humerus plate and the PHILOS plate advanced to the implant of choice for treatment of displaced proximal humerus fractures. There are still cases of implant failure and humerus head necrosis, but most of these complications were caused by the fracture type and not an implant specific problem. However the overall results with these new implants are encouraging. Key words: locking plates, proximal humerus fracture, humerus, humerus fracture, PHILOS, PHP.

  16. 3D 打印技术在复杂胫骨平台骨折治疗中的临床应用%Clinical Application of 3D Printing Technology in the Treatment of Complex Tibial Plateau Fracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王欣文; 张堃; 朱养均; 宋哲

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨3D 打印技术在复杂胫骨平台骨折手术治疗中的可行性和临床应用价值。方法对临床上复杂胫骨平台骨折的患者进行螺旋 CT 扫描,将其 DICOM 数据输入计算机中,采用 Mimics 软件数据处理,应用3D 打印技术打印骨折三维模型。按胫骨平台三柱分型重新进行分型,在3D 打印模型上确定手术入路及手术体位,并进行骨折的准确复位及钢板放置的选择等模拟手术。结果重建的胫骨平台骨折三维模型能准确反映出骨折移位的方向和程度,可准确的进行骨折的三柱分型,可初步实现胫骨平台骨折的术前手术设计。结论3D 打印技术应用于复杂胫骨平台骨折的治疗,临床可行性良好,可作为术前准备的常规项目。%Objective To explore the feasibility and clinical value of three-dimension(3D)printing technology in the treatment of complex tibial plateau fracture. Methods Spiral CT scan was performed in patients with complex tibial plateau fracture. DICOM data were imported into Mimics software. The 3D printing technology was used to print the fracture models. The reclassilifcation was performed on the basis of three-dimensional measurements. According to 3D printing models,we de-cided the surgical approach and position,the reducted of fractures and choose the internal fixation. Results Reconstructed 3D printing models of complex tibial plateau fracture could show the characteristics of fracture accurately,help doctors to reclassify the fracture from the three-column,and decide preoperative plan in the tibial plateau fracture. Conclusion The 3D printing technology is helpful for the treatment of complex tibial plateau fracture,which should be a conventional step in the manage-ment of complex tibial plateau fracture.

  17. Clinical Outcome after the Use of a New Craniocaudal Expandable Implant for Vertebral Compression Fracture Treatment: One Year Results from a Prospective Multicentric Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Noriega

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this prospective multicentric observational study was to confirm the safety and clinical performance of a craniocaudal expandable implant used in combination with high viscosity PMMA bone cement for the treatment of vertebral compression fractures. Thirty-nine VCFs in 32 patients were treated using the SpineJack minimally invasive surgery protocol. Outcome was determined by using the Visual Analogue Scale for measuring pain, the Oswestry Disability Index for scoring functional capacity, and the self-reporting European Quality of Life scores for the quality of life. Safety was evaluated by reporting all adverse events. The occurrence of cement leakages was assessed by either radiographs or CT scan or both. Statistically significant improvements were found regarding pain, function, and quality of life. The global pain score reduction at 1 year was 80.9% compared to the preoperative situation and the result of the Oswestry Disability Index showed a decrease from 65.0% at baseline to 10.5% at 12 months postoperatively. The cement leakage rate was 30.8%. No device- or surgery-related complications were found. This observational study demonstrates promising and persistent results consisting of immediate and sustained pain relief and durable clinical improvement after the procedure and throughout the 1-year follow-up period.

  18. Fractures of the proximal humerus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brorson, Stig

    2013-01-01

    Fractures of the proximal humerus have been diagnosed and managed since the earliest known surgical texts. For more than four millennia the preferred treatment was forceful traction, closed reduction, and immobilization with linen soaked in combinations of oil, honey, alum, wine, or cerate....... The bandages were further supported by splints made of wood or coarse grass. Healing was expected in forty days. Different fracture patterns have been discussed and classified since Ancient Greece. Current classification of proximal humeral fractures mainly relies on the classifications proposed by Charles......, classification of proximal humeral fractures remains a challenge for the conduct, reporting, and interpretation of clinical trials. The evidence for the benefits of surgery in complex fractures of the proximal humerus is weak. In three systematic reviews I studied the outcome after locking plate osteosynthesis...

  19. Clinical Analysis of the Treatment of Patella Transverse Fracture With the Compression Screw%可埋头加压螺钉治疗髌骨横行骨折的临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李光千

    2015-01-01

    Objective To analyze the clinical efficacy of patela transverse fracture with the compression screw.Methods In our hospital, 54 cases of patela fracture patients were randomly divided into two groups (countersunk screws plus) and control group (tension band wire fixation).ResultsThe mean operation time, fracture healing time compared with the control group was statisticaly significant (P 0.05) and he postoperative complication rate of the observation group was lower than that of the control group (P0.05);且观察组术后并发症发生率低于对照组(P<0.01)。结论可埋头加压螺钉治疗髌骨横行骨折具有临床疗效。

  20. Effect of osteosynthesis, primary hemiarthroplasty, and non-surgical management for displaced four-part fractures of the proximal humerus in elderly: a multi-centre, randomised clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johannsen Hans

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Fractures of the proximal humerus are common injuries and account for 4–5 percent of all fractures, second only to hip and wrist fractures. The incidence is positively correlated with age and osteoporosis, and is likely to increase. Displaced four-part fractures are among the most severe injuries, accounting for 2–10 percent of proximal humeral fractures. The optimal intervention is disputed. Two previous randomised trials were very small and involved a noticeable risk of bias, and systematic reviews consequently conclude that there is inadequate basis for evidence-based treatment decisions. We aim to compare the effect of osteosynthesis with angle-stable plate with non-surgical management, and the effect of primary hemiarthroplasty with both osteosynthesis and non-surgical management. Methods/Design We will conduct a randomised, multi-centre, clinical trial including patients from ten national shoulder units within a two-year period. We plan to include 162 patients. A central randomisation unit will allocate patients. All patients will receive a standardised three-month rehabilitation program of supervised physiotherapy regardless of treatment allocation. Patients will be followed at least one year. The primary outcomes will be the overall score on the Constant Disability Scale, and its pain subscale, measured at 12 months. A blinded physiotherapist will carry out the assessments. Other secondary outcomes are Oxford Shoulder Score, and general health status (Short Form-36.

  1. Percutaneous vertebroplasty for painful long-standing osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures : indication, clinical outcome, cement Leakage & classification

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Muijs, Sander Paul Jan

    2012-01-01

    This thesis focuses on indications for and the clinical outcome of PVP for the treatment of long-standing OVCFs (i.e. after more than 8 weeks after onset of symptoms). Secondly, emphasis is made on the value of vertebral body biopsy during the vertebroplasty procedure in order to aid in early diagno

  2. Hangman骨折的治疗方法选择及疗效分析%Selection of therapeutic methods and clinical results of Hangman's fractures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙厚杰; 蔡小军; 张军; 廖文波; 蔡玉强; 韩建华; 董革辉

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To explore the selection of therapeutic methods and clinical results of Hangman fracture through choosing reasonable treatment methods according to different fracture types.Method:All 29 cases with Hangman fractures were admitted to our hospital from Jan 2006 to Jun 2009.20 cases are male,and 9 cases are female.The age is from 17 to 74 years old.The average age is 32 years.According to Levine-Edwards typing:8 cases with type Ⅰ ,12 cases with type Ⅱ ,7 cases with type Ⅱa,2 eases with type Ⅲ.All the patients had Halo-vest or operation after tractionreduction.Type Ⅰ cases underwent Halo-vest.5 cases with type Ⅱ and 1 with type Ⅲ with compression on ventral dural sac were managed with anterior approach combined with intervertebral disc resection of C2-3 and bone grafting,plate internal fixation(the way of operation A).5 type Ⅱ a cases without compression were treated with posterior pedicle screw fixation at C2(the way of operation B).2 cases with type Ⅱ a and 7 cases with type Ⅱ and 1 case with type Ⅲ were managed with posterior C2-3 bone grafting fusion and screw-plate/stick fixation (the way of operation C).According to the X-ray of cervical vertebra,clinical symptom,activity function of cervical vertebra to evaluate the treatment results.Result:All cases were followed up for 6-40 months.The average is 18 months.Of 8 cases with Halovast treatment,5 cases showed union of fracture at 12 weeks with excellent curative effect,2 cases acceptable,and 1 case bad (There was nonunion of fracture,then it was treated with the way of operation A.12 weeks later,it showed C2-3 bone grafting fusion and got good effect assessment ).All 6 cases with the way of operation A and 5 type Ⅱ a cases with the way of operation B showed C2-3 bone grafting fusion after 12 weeks.Among 10 cases treated with the way of operation C,1 type Ⅱ developed nonunion, 1 type Ⅱ had malunion,and 8 cases had union.Conclusion:Most patiens who had Hangman fracture through

  3. Comparing tolerability and efficacy of generic versus brand alendronate: a randomized clinical study in postmenopausal women with a recent fracture.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joop P W van den Bergh

    with a recent fracture. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Dutch Trial Register NTR number 1867 http://www.trialregister.nl/trialreg/admin/rctview.asp?TC=1867.

  4. 整复眶底骨折手术入路的选择%Clinical Choice of surgical approach in the treatment of orbital floor fracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李志刚; 米彦芳; 耿曼英

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the clinical choice of surgical approach in the treatment of orbital floor fracture. Methods 37 patients with orbital floor fracture were divided into 3 groups by the site of fracture and received 3 surgical approach include incision under the eyelashes ( 13 case) ,through the maxillary sinus ( 17 cases) ,or both two surgical approach (7 cases). To compare the degree of proptosis,ocular motility forced retraction test,diplopia before and after surgery. Results 37 patients had vertical diplopia, abnormal eye vertical movement, positive forced retration test ( to pull the eye upword with resistance), and the difference in degree of proptosis more than 4mm in 29 case,2 -4mm in 8 cases before surgery. After the surgery,all the patients had negtive forced retraction test ( to pull the eye upword with no resistance)and less than 2mm in the difference of proptosis' degree. All 13 cases in incision under the eyelashes group and 12 cases in through the maxillary sinus grpup recovered in eye movement and diplopia. 5 cases in through the maxillary sinus group and all 7 cases in the joint surgery group had underaction of ocular movement and diplopia on downgaze. Conclusion To choice different surgical approach in the treatment of orbital floor fracture,good healing effect could be available.%目的 探讨整复眶底骨折不同手术入路的临床选择方法。方法 37例爆裂性眶底骨折根据骨折部位分为3组,分别采用下睑睫毛下入路(13例)、上颌窭入路(17例)以及联合手术入路(7例)进行手术,观察眼球突出度、眼球运动障碍、被动牵拉试验结果以及复视情况,并进行手术前后对比。结果 术前3组患者均有垂直复视和眼球运动障碍,眼球被动牵拉试验阳性(牵拉眼球向上遏阻力),双眼眼球突出度相差>4 mm者29例,相差在2~4mm者8例。术后3组患者的双眼眼球突出度相差均在2mm以内,眼球被动牵拉试验阴性。下

  5. Analysis of influencing factors on clinical curative effect of operative therapy for high-energy tibia Pilon fracture%高能量Pilon骨折手术疗效的影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐华; 吴慧敏; 刘治

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the influencing factors on clinical curative effect of operative therapy for high-energy tibia Pilon fracture. Methods A total of 41 patients with high-energy tibia Pilon fractures were retrospectively analyzed to reveal the relationship between age, gender, education, income, fracture types, surgery techniques, timing for surgery, quality of fracture reduction, complications, timing for postoperative functional exercise and Mazur ankle function score. Results All of them were followed up for 13~27(21. 3 ±5. 2) months after operation. In the sigle-factor analysis, the influencing factor of Mazur ankle function score with statistical significance were: age ( P < 0. 05 ) , education ( P < 0. 05 ) , fracture types ( P < 0. 05 ) , quality of fracture reduction ( P < 0. 01) , and timing for postoperative functional exercise (P <0. 01 ). The parameters of the age, gender, education, income, fracture types, surgery techniques, timing for surgery, quality of fracture reduction, complications, timing for postoperative functional exercise of patients were analyzed to establish a statistic model by means of multiple linear regression, which showed that the P values of quality of fracture reduction (X3) , fracture type (X4) , timing for postoperative functional exercise (X5 ) were statistically significant (P < 0. 05 ). The regression equation was Y= 70.586 + 4.060X3-3. 562X4+11.585X5. Conclusions Quality of fracture reduction, fracture type, timing for postoperative functional exercise are the influencing factors on clinical curative effect of operative therapy for high-energy tibia Pilon fracture.%目的 探讨高能量Pilon骨折手术疗效的主要影响因素.方法 回顾性分析41例高能量Pilon骨折患者的年龄、性别、学历、收入、骨折分型、手术时机、手术方式、骨折复位质量、术后并发症、术后功能锻炼时机与其术后Mazur踝关节功能评分间关系.结果 41例均获得回访,时间13 ~ 27

  6. 切开复位内固定术治疗髁突骨折38例临床分析%The Clinical Effect Analysis of Open Reduction on Mandibular Condylar Fractures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王怀元; 朱坤鹍; 刘刚; 张朝奎; 郭维志

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Clinical study on the use of open reduction and fixation of condylar fractures. Methods:All 38 cases were treated with open reduction and internal fixation of condylar fractures, including 3 cases of old fractures, 35 patients with recent fractures, 12 cases are open fractures, 26 cases of a closed fracture, and 32 cases are unilateral condylar fracture, 6 cases are bilateral condylar fractures, joint head of condylar fractures in 4 patients, condylar neck fractures, 31 cases of condylar fracture of the base in 9 cases. In the opening degree based on observation after surgery, open type, occlusion, chewing ability and fracture healing, we conduct a comprehensive assessment of clinical efficacy. Results: 6 months after surgery, through the mouth opening, open type, occlusion of the assessment, obtained excellent surgery was 89. 5% ( 34/38 ). Conclusions: The use of open reduction and plate fixation for micro - condylar fractures can be determined, a reasonable choice of surgical indications, and standard surgical operation is to avoid surgical complications.%目的:探讨切开复位内固定手术治疗髁突骨折的临床疗效.方法:采用切开复位内固定术治疗髁突骨折38例,其中陈旧性骨折3例、新鲜骨折35例,开放性骨折12例、闭合性骨折26例,单侧髁突骨折32例、双侧髁突骨折6例,髁突头部骨折4侧、髁突颈部骨折31侧、髁突基部骨折9侧.术后观察开口度、开口型、咬牙合关系、咀嚼力及骨折愈合情况,对临床疗效进行综合评估.结果:术后6个月,开口度、开口型、咬牙合关系评估,优良率为89.5%(34/38).术后咀嚼力优34例,良3例,较差1例.术后影像学检查显示,34例髁突无移位,骨折无错位,髁突表面无明显吸收现象;3例上、下颌骨联合骨折因复位固定位置多骨折线未能达到解剖复位;1例术后因感染螺钉、钛板松动,髁突有再移位(角度<10°).结论:切开复位微型钛板内固定治疗

  7. Galeazzi fracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atesok, Kivanc I; Jupiter, Jesse B; Weiss, Arnold-Peter C

    2011-10-01

    Galeazzi fracture is a fracture of the radial diaphysis with disruption at the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ). Typically, the mechanism of injury is forceful axial loading and torsion of the forearm. Diagnosis is established on radiographic evaluation. Underdiagnosis is common because disruption of the ligamentous restraints of the DRUJ may be overlooked. Nonsurgical management with anatomic reduction and immobilization in a long-arm cast has been successful in children. In adults, nonsurgical treatment typically fails because of deforming forces acting on the distal radius and DRUJ. Open reduction and internal fixation is the preferred surgical option. Anatomic reduction and rigid fixation should be followed by intraoperative assessment of the DRUJ. Further intraoperative interventions are based on the reducibility and postreduction stability of the DRUJ. Misdiagnosis or inadequate management of Galeazzi fracture may result in disabling complications, such as DRUJ instability, malunion, limited forearm range of motion, chronic wrist pain, and osteoarthritis.

  8. Isolated transverse process fractures of the subaxial cervical spine: a clinically insignificant injury or not?: a prospective, longitudinal analysis in a consecutive high-energy blunt trauma population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schotanus, Maaike; van Middendorp, Joost J; Hosman, Allard J F

    2010-09-01

    Prospective single cohort study. To analyze the incidence, associated injuries, treatment outcomes and associated adverse events of isolated transverse process fractures (TPFs) of the subaxial cervical spine in a high-energy blunt trauma population. Currently, TPFs of the subaxial cervical spine are considered to be clinically insignificant. However, this hypothesis is based on clinical experience and has never been supported by research previously. During a 32-month period, routine computed tomography scans of the spine were obtained in high-energy blunt trauma patients. Patients with isolated TPFs of the subaxial cervical spine were prospectively identified. For each enrolled patient, gender, age, mechanism of injury, trauma severity, neurologic deficit, injury levels, affected structures, treatment, radiographic follow-up, functional outcome (Cybex goniometer, neck disability index), and patient satisfaction (10 point visual analog scale) were recorded. Of 865 enrolled patients, 21 patients (2.4%) had 25 isolated TPFs of the subaxial cervical spine. The seventh vertebra was involved predominantly (76%). The initial treatment regimen was unrestricted movement in all patients. No associated adverse events were observed. A follow-up of 13 to 39 months was available in 14 patients. Follow-up showed a stable and intact subaxial cervical spine in all patients' radiographs, a patient satisfaction of 9.3 (SD 1.48), a Cybex measured range of motion in the sagittal plane of 109 degrees (SD 12.5, 95-129), the frontal plane of 70 (SD 17.8, 37-100) and the transverse plane of 144 (SD 12.5, 116-164), and a mean neck disability index score of 3.93 (SD 8.24). The incidence of isolated TPFs of the subaxial cervical spine was 2.4%. Unrestricted movement resulted in satisfying functional, anatomic, and neurologic outcomes without associated adverse events. This study confirms that isolated TPFs of the subaxial cervical spine can be considered as clinically insignificant and do not

  9. Fracture Blisters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uebbing, Claire M

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Fracture blisters are a relatively uncommon complication of fractures in locations of the body, such as the ankle, wrist elbow and foot, where skin adheres tightly to bone with little subcutaneous fat cushioning. The blister that results resembles that of a second degree burn.These blisters significantly alter treatment, making it difficult to splint or cast and often overlying ideal surgical incision sites. Review of the literature reveals no consensus on management; however, most authors agree on early treatment prior to blister formation or delay until blister resolution before attempting surgical correction or stabilization. [West J Emerg Med. 2011;12(1;131-133.

  10. Insufficiency fracture after radiation therapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oh, Dong Ryul; Huh, Seung Jae [Dept.of Radiation Oncology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-12-15

    Insufficiency fracture occurs when normal or physiological stress applied to weakened bone with demineralization and decreased elastic resistance. Recently, many studies reported the development of IF after radiation therapy (RT) in gynecological cancer, prostate cancer, anal cancer and rectal cancer. The RT-induced insufficiency fracture is a common complication during the follow-up using modern imaging studies. The clinical suspicion and knowledge the characteristic imaging patterns of insufficiency fracture is essential to differentiate it from metastatic bone lesions, because it sometimes cause severe pain, and it may be confused with bone metastasis.

  11. Sequential subtrochanteric femoral fracture after atypical diaphyseal fracture in a long-term bisphosphonate user: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, K-T; Lee, K-B

    2015-01-01

    Recent reports have found a relationship between long-term bisphosphonate therapy and the occurrence of low-energy subtrochanteric or diaphyseal atypical femoral fractures. These fractures usually occur at only one site in the same bone. We report a rare case of a patient with sequential atypical femoral fractures (first, a diaphyseal fracture, and second, an ipsilateral subtrochanteric fracture) after low-energy trauma. We present the clinical and operative findings and discuss how to prevent subsequent atypical femoral fractures. This case indicates that an atypical subtrochanteric femoral fracture can occur after an atypical diaphyseal fracture in a long-term bisphosphonate user. Doctors should be aware of the possibility of a second fracture and explain the risk to the patient. Key words: bisphosphonate, atypical femoral fracture, low-energy trauma, subtrochanteric and diaphyseal femoral fractures.

  12. PFNAⅡ治疗股骨转子间及转子下骨折的临床研究%Clinical study of PFNA Ⅱ in the treatment of femoral intertrochanteric fracture and subtrochanteric fracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于博凡; 陈光; 刘涛; 程应全; 王伟

    2014-01-01

    目的 探讨PFNAⅡ系统在治疗股骨转子间及转子下骨折的疗效.方法 应用PFNAⅡ内固定治疗系统对68例股骨转子间及转子下骨折的患者进行治疗.结果 随访6~ 24个月,平均12.3个月,骨折全部愈合.根据Harris评分:优54例,良9例,中2例,优良率95.6%.结论 PFNAⅡ对股骨转子间及转子下骨折的治疗具有微创、操作简便、术后并发症少的特点,值得推广.%Objective To analyze the effect of PFNA on femoral intertrochanteric fracture and subtrochanteric fracture.Methods The internal fixation treatment system of PFNA Ⅱ was applied to 68 patients with intertrochanteric fracture and subtrochanteric fracture.Results The 68 patients were followed up for an average of 12.3 months (6-24 months).All the factures were healed.According to the Harris rating system,54 cases turned out to be excellent,9 cases were good and 2 cases were fair.The excellent rate was 95.6%.Conclusions PFNA Ⅱ is minimally invasive,easy and convenient to operate.It is a good internal fixation method with less complications to treat femoral intertrochanteric fracture and subtrochanteric fracture.

  13. Clinical and radiological results 6 years after treatment of traumatic thoracolumbar burst fractures with pedicle screw instrumentation and balloon assisted endplate reduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verlaan, Jorrit Jan; Somers, Inne; Dhert, Wouter J A; Oner, F. Cumhur

    2015-01-01

    Background context  When used to fixate traumatic thoracolumbar burst fractures, pedicle screw constructs may fail in the presence of severe vertebral body comminution as the intervertebral disc can creep through the fractured endplates leading to insufficient anterior column support. Balloon-assist

  14. Fractures in infants and toddlers with rickets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chapman, Teresa; Done, Stephen [Seattle Children' s Hospital, Department of Radiology, Seattle, WA (United States); Sugar, Naomi; Feldman, Kenneth [Seattle Children' s Hospital, Children' s Protection Program, Seattle, WA (United States); Marasigan, Joanne; Wambold, Nicolle [University of Washington, College of Arts and Sciences, Seattle, WA (United States)

    2010-07-15

    Rickets affects young infants and toddlers. However, there is a paucity of literature regarding the types of fractures that occur in rachitic patients. To evaluate the age of patients at which radiographically evident rickets occurs, and to characterize the age incidence and fractures that are observed in infants and toddlers with radiographically evident rickets. A retrospective study of children younger than 24 months was performed. Clinical data and radiographs were reviewed. Radiographs obtained within 1 month of the diagnosis were evaluated for the presence or absence of osteopenia, presence or absence of fraying-cupping, and presence and characterization of fractures. After exclusion criteria were applied, 45 children were included in the study. Children with rickets evident by radiograph were in the age range of 2-24 months. Fractures were present in 17.5% of the study group, exclusively in mobile infants and toddlers. Fracture types included transverse long bone fractures, anterior and anterior-lateral rib fractures, and metaphyseal fractures. All fractures occurred exclusively in patients with severe, overtly evident rickets. Fractures occur in older infants and toddlers with overt rickets and can be seen by radiograph. Fractures do not resemble high-risk non-accidental trauma fractures. (orig.)

  15. "Logsplitter" injury in clinical treatment and prognosis evaluation in ankle fractures%“Logsplitter”损伤的治疗方法与预后评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宫良丰; 李盛龙; 齐志明; 李庆; 仲涛; 王志坚; 汤欣

    2016-01-01

    aration caused by varieties of violence does not catch the attention of domestic orthopedic surgeons enough in the past years.This passage is to discuss the damage mechanism,clinical treatment and prognosis evaluation of this kind of injury through the analysis of the case of "Logsplitter" injury.Methods Retrospective analysis 23 patients of "Logsplitter" injury from December 2006 to December 2014,male in 17 cases,female in 6 cases,average age (43.68±12.67) years (21-60 years).Hurt injury in 9 cases,sports injury in 1 case,falling injury in 2 cases,traffic injuries in 10 cases,crushing injury in 1 case.Open injures in 10 cases,of which the Gustilo Ⅱ type in 7 cases,Gustilo Ⅲ A type or above in 3 cases,closed injuries in 13 cases.According to the AO/OTA fracture classification,44c type in 19 cases,44b type in 3 cases,44a type in 1 case.Fibula fractures in 22 cases,19 cases of medial malleolus fracture.Results 23 patients received follow-up,with an average period was (0.91±0.26) years (0.4-2.37 years).21 cases underwent open reduction internal fixation (ORIF),2 cases underwent closed reduction external fixation and K-wire fixation.17 cases were fixed with the syndesmosis screws,among them,1 screw was used to fix 14 cases,two screws were used to fix 3 cases;the utilization rate of 3.5 mm screws is higher,at 94.1%,and all screws were entered through 3 layers of cortical;Combined with medial malleolus fracture cases were fixed with cannulated screws/K-wire internal fixation.Average healing time of the skin surrounding the ankle skin was (2.26±1.91) weeks;average healing time of fracture was (15.34±5.13) weeks;Joint pain ocurred combined with joint space narrowing after loading in 18 cases,at 78.3%;Postoperative infection,2 cases,the proportion was 8.7%;Fracture delayed union 1 case.Functional examination of the ankle joint (angle measurement method):Dorsiflexion average angle (23.9±2.21)degrees,Plantar flexion average angle (32.1 ±4.13) degrees

  16. Hand Fractures

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Z Videos Infographics Symptom Picker Anatomy Bones Joints Muscles Nerves Vessels Tendons About Hand Surgery What is a Hand Surgeon? What is ... serve as a framework. This framework supports the muscles that make the wrist ... When one of these hand bones is broken (fractured), it can prevent you ...

  17. Fracture source

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available The fracture properties of many different types of fibers are covered in a timely new book that will prove to be a tremendous source of information and references for researchers in the wide and diverse field of fibers and composites, says Bill Clegg.

  18. Rib Fractures

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Commentary Recent News Scientists Working on Solar-Powered Prosthetic Limbs Exercise a Great Prescription to Help Older Hearts Bavencio Approved for Rare Skin Cancer Older Mothers May Raise Better-Behaved Kids, Study ... or a collapsed lung (pneumothorax—see Traumatic Pneumothorax ). An injury that fractures the lower ribs sometimes also damages the liver (see Liver ...

  19. Clinical study on effect of proxima l femoraln ail antirotation (PFNA) in treatment of intertrochanteric fracture and subtrochanteric fracture of femur in elderly patients%应用PFNA治疗高龄老人股骨粗隆间及粗隆下骨折的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘贵秋; 李晓波; 李文波

    2014-01-01

    目的:观察应用PFNA来治疗超过80岁以上老人股骨粗隆间及粗隆下骨折的治疗效果。方法:收集2011年8月~2014年2月期间来我院采取PFNA方法治疗股骨粗隆间及粗隆下骨折的80岁以上高龄患者36例。均采用手术治疗,主要包括手术前的准备、手术过程中的方法和手术之后的治疗,对应用PFNA的疗效进行分析。结果:经过3个月~2年观察骨折愈合、无内固定物断裂、骨折不愈合、畸形愈合等并发症。结论:应用PFNA治疗股骨粗隆间和粗隆下骨折具有出血少、内固定牢固、术后髋关节恢复满意等优点,尤其适合高龄老人患者,是疗效好的治疗方法。%Objective:To evaluate the clinical results of PFNA( the Proximal Femoral Nail Antirotation) internal fixation for the treat-ment of patients over 80 years old who suffered from comminute intertrochanteric fracture and Subtrochanteric fracture of femur.Methods:36 cases of elderly intertrochanteric fracture and Subtrochanteric fracture of femur treated with PFNA in our hospital from August 2011 to February 2014 were selected and analyzed in this study.The perfect treating methods including preparation before operation and care after the treatment were taken.Proximal femoral nail anti-rotation was analyzed.Results:All patients were followed up for 3 months~2 years and all fractures were healed.No complications such as bone nonunion,coxa vara,or malunion occurred were found.Conclusion:Since PFNA fixation had advantages of less interference with blood circulation at the fracture ends,little osseous destruction,simple operation, less blood loss,stable fixation and few postoperative complications,it might be an effective treatment for femoral intertrochanteric fracture and Subtrochanteric fracture in senile patients.

  20. Osteoporotic fractures: a brain or bone disease?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birge, Stanley J

    2008-06-01

    Osteoporosis is a skeletal disorder that predisposes individuals to increased risk of fracture. However, most osteoporotic fractures occur in women who do not meet criteria for osteoporosis. Hence, bone density, by itself, is a relatively poor predictor of fracture. Age and age-related factors are now recognized as increasingly important in determining fracture risk. Osteoporotic fractures are associated with increased disability and mortality, suggesting that osteoporosis may be a clinical manifestation of an underlying disease process affecting multiple systems. The systems affected, the musculo-skeletal system and the central nervous system, are shared in many respects with the frailty syndrome. Vitamin D deficiency is a major contributor to the frailty syndrome, osteoporosis, and osteoporotic fractures. Its effects are mediated by the development of cerebrovascular disease, postural instability, muscle weakness, and bone fragility. Thus, osteoporotic fractures result from both a bone and brain disease.

  1. Incidence and epidemiology of tibial shaft fractures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Peter; Elsøe, Rasmus; Hansen, Sandra Hope

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: The literature lacks recent population-based epidemiology studies of the incidence, trauma mechanism and fracture classification of tibial shaft fractures. The purpose of this study was to provide up-to-date information on the incidence of tibial shaft fractures in a large...... and complete population and report the distribution of fracture classification, trauma mechanism and patient baseline demographics. Methods: Retrospective reviews of clinical and radiological records. Results: A total of 196 patients were treated for 198 tibial shaft fractures in the years 2009 and 2010....... The mean age at time of fracture was 38.5 (21.2SD) years. The incidence of tibial shaft fracture was 16.9/100,000/year. Males have the highest incidence of 21.5/100,000/year and present with the highest frequency between the age of 10 and 20, whereas women have a frequency of 12.3/100,000/year and have...

  2. Clinical Analysis of the Fracture Hematoma Recycling 106 Case%骨折血肿回收再利用106例临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    褚鹏飞; 马国栋; 孙英伦

    2013-01-01

      目的探讨血肿回收再利用对骨痂形成的影响.方法对106例闭合性长骨骨折患者,按常规术前无菌针管回收大约有18~22mL的血肿,先放置在准备好的无菌盘内为复位后的使用做好准备,在为患者成功复位之后,为了保持骨折断端复位后能够稳定,要选择合适的内固定物进行固定,为患者进行止血,并且止血药彻底,对患者的伤口进行冲洗以后将无菌盘内的骨折血肿用凝胶海绵回收,约2.5~3mL每块,将4~5块180°放在患者骨折部位的间隙的周围,然后将患者的骨膜及软组织进行缝合.结果对所有的研究对象进行定期的随访,随访时间总为1~3年.进行手术之后,所有患者的愈合时间在6~12周之间,没有1例患者的愈合时间延后,也没有1例患者手术之后出现异物反应和其他的并发症.结论避免骨折后局部内环境受干扰和破坏,是对骨折血肿吸收和机化的有利因素,对保证骨折的早期愈合具有重要意义.%Objective To explore the relationship between the recycling hematoma and callus formation. Methods 106 closed long bone fracture cases were aspirated hematoma about 15-20mL with sterile needle before their surgeries. After normal operative fixation, use gelfoam to recycle the aforementioned hematoma and put them into the space among the fracture. Suture the periosteum and soft tissue. Results The 106 cases all received follow-up of 1-3 years. The clinic healing time was 6-12 weeks. Delayed union, foreign body reaction and other complication didn’t happen. Conclusion Protecting local internal environment from disturbance and destruction is a favorable factor for hematoma absorption and organization, and have important implications for the early fracture healing.

  3. Clinical prognostic factors and grading system for rib fracture following stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in patients with peripheral lung tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Su Ssan; Song, Si Yeol; Kwak, Jungwon; Ahn, Seung Do; Kim, Jong Hoon; Lee, Jung Shin; Kim, Woo Sung; Kim, Sang-We; Choi, Eun Kyung

    2013-02-01

    Several studies reported rib fractures following stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for peripheral lung tumors. We tried to investigate risk factors and grading system for rib fractures after SBRT. Of 375 primary or metastatic lung tumors (296 patients) which were treated with SBRT at the Asan Medical Center (2006-2009), 126 lesions (118 patients) were adjacent to the chest-wall (6 months; these were investigated in the present retrospective study. Three to four fractional doses of 10-20 Gy were delivered to 85-90% iso-dose volume of the isocenter dose. Rib fracture grade was defined from follow-up CT scans as the appearance of a fracture line (Gr1), dislocation of the fractured rib by more than half the rib diameter (Gr2), or the appearance of adjacent soft tissue edema (Gr3). Chest wall pain was assessed according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v3.0. Correlations between dose-volume data and the development of rib fracture were then analyzed. The Kaplan-Meier method, log-rank tests, and chi-square tests were used for statistical analysis. The median age of the patients was 69 years (range: 19-90). Over a median follow-up period of 22 months (range: 7-62), 48 cases of rib fracture were confirmed. Median time to rib fracture was 17 months (range: 4-52). The 2-year actuarial risk of rib fracture was 42.4%. Maximal grade was Gr1 (n=28), Gr2 (n=8), or Gr3 (n=15). The incidence of moderate to severe chest wall pain (CTCAE Gr ≥ 2) increased with maximal fracture grade (17.5% for Gr0-1 and 60.9% for Gr2-3; prib fracture in the present study. Efforts to decrease chest wall dose should be made to reduce the risk of the rib fracture, particularly in high-risk patients. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Clinical application of multiaxial spot film in the rib fracture%多轴位点片在肋骨骨折患者中的临床应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋兵; 陈俊

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨多轴位点片对肋骨骨折诊断的价值。方法:选择常规胸片未发现或有遗漏骨折的胸部外伤患者50例,在电视监视下多轴位肋骨点片。结果:50例患者X线片胸部正位显示明确骨折18例,多轴位点片明确肋骨骨折27例,胸骨骨折2例,二次复查点片明确肋骨骨折2例。合并气胸3例,肺挫伤5例,皮下气肿3例。结论:多轴位点片明显提高肋骨骨折检出率,与传统胸片比较对肋骨骨折诊断具有显著的优势,值得临床推广应用。%Objective:To investigate the multiaxial spot film in the diagnosis of rib fracture.Methods:50 patients with chest trauma that routine chest radiography was not found or omitted thoracic trauma fracture were selected,using multi axial ribs film in the TV monitor.Results:Among 50 patients,there were 18 cases with chest X-ray had clear display fracture,27 cases with multiaxial spot film clear rib fracture,while 2 cases of sternal fracture,and 2 cases of rib fracture were clearly dignosised by second review points.3 cases were complicated with pneumothorax,5 cases with pulmonary contusion,and 3 cases with subcutaneous emphysema. Conclusion:Multiaxial spot film can improve the detection rate of rib fracture significantly.It has significant advantages in diagnosis of rib fracture when compared with traditional chest comparison.So it is worthy of clinical application.

  5. Spontaneous bilateral fracture of patella.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moretti, Biagio; Speciale, Domenico; Garofalo, Raffaele; Moretti, Lorenzo; Patella, Silvio; Patella, Vittorio

    2008-03-01

    Bilateral patellae fractures represent a rare entity, accounting for approximately 2.9% of all lesions interesting in this anatomical district. In most cases found in the published work, they are described as stress fractures or as complications of chronic diseases such as osteoporosis, renal failure and secondary hyperparathyroidism. Although many pathogenetic mechanisms have been supposed, none have been proved for certain. Insufficiency fractures of the patellae are rare events and no data has been published on their incidence. We present a case of bilateral fracture of the patellae due to an indirect trauma occurring in an 85-year-old patient affected by Parkinson's disease, osteoporosis and diffuse degenerative osteoarthritis. X-ray of the knees (anteroposterior and lateral) and magnetic resonance imaging evaluation confirmed the fractures. The patient was treated conservatively. She had a good result, returning to her previous autonomous ambulation. This case is unusual because there was no direct trauma to the knees because of bilaterality, but confirmed previous observations about insufficiency fractures of patellae in the presence of comorbidity. Insufficiency fractures of patellae can be an insidious condition in elderly people. Prepatellar pain, a common symptom in the relapse phase of degenerative arthritis of the knee, should not be underestimated, particularly in patients with diseases influencing metabolism of bone and with an elevated risk of fall. A periodical clinical and instrumental follow up should be done in these patient. Moreover, we underline the necessity of a multidisciplinary approach.

  6. [Fractures of the humerus head].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaeger, M; Izadpanah, K; Maier, D; Reising, K; Strohm, P C; Südkamp, N P

    2012-03-01

    Fractures of the proximal humerus are commonly seen especially in the elderly population. High-energy trauma in young people can be distinguished from low-energy trauma in the elderly resulting from falls of a low height which are typically characterized by osteoporosis. A precise analysis of fractures is essential for a good understanding of the fracture and an individual therapy for which the LEGO-Codman classification provided by Hertel is recommended. Nonsurgical therapy is commonly performed and widely accepted not only for simple fractures. For osteosynthesis angular stable implants became the gold standard but are frequently associated with a high rate of complications some of which can be lowered by an improved surgical technique. Even today varus dislocated fractures are challenging, especially in combination with destruction of the medial column. In those cases where stable osteosynthesis can no longer be achieved arthroplasty is indicated. The clinical results of anatomic fracture arthroplasty are strongly related with correct ingrowth of the tuberosities. Reverse fracture arthroplasty may be considered but indications should be interpreted with caution and preferably used in patients older than 75 years.

  7. 小儿废用性骨质疏松所致骨折的临床治疗%Clinical treatment of the fractures caused by disuse osteoporosis in children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鑫; 徐超; 李国华; 艾尔肯·肉孜

    2015-01-01

    AIM:To investigate the clinical treatment and effect of the fracture caused by disuse osteoporosis in children. METH⁃ODS: A total of 16 children with fractures caused by disuse osteoporosis and admitted to our hospital were selected as research object. The non⁃operative therapies such as bone traction, skin traction and plaster fixation were used for reduction fixation, meanwhile medical expulsive treatment were brought to promote the healing of broken bones. RESULTS: fracture healing time was 0.5-3 months (average healing time 1.5+0.6 months) in all the children with fractures caused by disuse osteoporosis. Daily activities and the weight function were recovered and bone density were increased significantly after fracture healing. CONCLU⁃SION:Non⁃operative therapies combined with medical expulsive treatment for fractures caused by disuse osteoporosis in children can make the fracture healing in short time and improve symptoms of osteoporosis. It has clinical spread value.%目的:探讨小儿废用性骨质疏松所致骨折的临床治疗方法及效果.方法:选取我院收治的16例废用性骨质疏松所致骨折患儿为研究对象,骨折在采用骨牵引、皮牵引及石膏固定等非手术方法进行复位固定的同时,配合辅助药物治疗以促进断骨愈合.结果:本研究所有患儿骨折愈合时间为0.5~3(平均1.5±0.6)个月,骨折愈合后日常活动及负重功能恢复正常,骨密度明显增加.结论:小儿废用性骨质疏松所致骨折采用非手术方法联合辅助药物治疗,骨折愈合时间短,骨质疏松症状改善明显,具有一定的临床价值.

  8. STRESS FRACTURES IN SPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đivo Ban

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Children and adolescents today, all before starting with regular sports activities and involvement in semi-professional and top professional sport, so it increases the num- ber of discovered stress fractures in this age. This type of injury can occur as a consequence of action one strong force, or the many repeated small force strength, to be exact, when the load (stress transcend ability reparations bones. Stress fractures are recorded and described up to the lower limbs. Research has been confirmed that the bones of lower leg are mostly made in injury, and with the el- derly and with the population of children and young adolescents. Occur in many sports, something to them is greater when the frequency of running and often are present in the female population. According to the results of numerous investigations, mistakes in the training are the most common cause of the emergence of stress fracture. In a direct comparison with complemented these injuries is the condition of muscles, so it is important that at the sa- me time carry out exercises strengthen muscles and stretching. Typical clinical signs of stress fractures are localized painful sensitivity to palpa- tion and runoff in a small number of cases. The basic diagnostic procedure is a medical check, it is the small, radiology and scintigraphyc diagnostics (most accurate and mag- netic resonance imaging. Treatment is usually without surgery and conservative, with rest and reducing stress, and its activity athlete breaks mainly between four and eight weeks. Only the very need surgical treatment The most important thing is that attention is focused on the proper prevention and to take all that it ever occurred to stress fractures that athletes ramble of the courts and the competition (better education of sports workers, separation of groups with increa- sed risk of the formation of an injury, adaptation activities age and abilities of athletes, adequate sports equipment, high-quality sports

  9. Temporal bone fracture and its complications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Objective: To explore the characteristics and treatment oftemporal bone fractures and injuries in the medial-inner ear.Methods: The clinical data of 48 cases of temporal bone fractures admitted to our hospital from January 1989 to November 1999 were retrospectively analyzed.Results: Forty-eight patients with temporal bone fractures accounted for 17.00% of the homochronous craniofacial fractures. Of the 48 cases, temporal bone fractures induced by traffic accidents accounted for 66.67%, capillary fractures for 93.75%, medial-inner ear injuries or craniocerebral injuries for 77.08% and hearing loss or tinnitus for 48.00%. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) otorrhea and facioplegia accounted for 36.70% and 3.00%, respectively, in the longitudinal fractures, while they were 25.00% and 37.50%, respectively, in the transversal fractures. Primary emergent operations were performed on 46 cases and neurosurgery accounted for 46.00%. Secondary procedures accounted for 16.70%. As a result, 43 cases survived (89.58%) and 5 died (10.41%).Conclusions: Traffic injury is the first high-dangerous factor for temporal bone fractures, which are often complicated with medial-inner ear or craniocerebral injury. The CSF otorrhea is common in the longitudinal fractures and facioplegia is common in the transversal fractures. The key step is to rescue the life, keep the airway unobstructed and maintain the circulation in the primary emergency treatment.

  10. [Comparison of clinical effectiveness of thoracic epidural and intravenous patient-controlled analgesia for the treatment of rib fractures pain in intensive care unit].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Topçu, Ismet; Ekici, Zeynep; Sakarya, Melek

    2007-07-01

    The results of thoracic epidural and systemic patient controlled analgesia practice were evaluated retrospectively in patients with thoracic trauma. Patients who were admitted to the intensive care unit between 1997 and 2003, with a diagnosis of multiple rib fractures related to thoracic trauma were evaluated retrospectively. Data were recorded from 49 patients who met the following criteria; three or more rib fractures, initiation of PCA with I.V. phentanyl or thoracic epidural analgesia with phentanyl and bupivacaine. There were no significant differences between the groups concerning injury severity score. APACHE II score (8.1+/-1.6 and 9.2+/-1.7) and the number of rib fractures (4+/-1.1 and 6.8+/-2.7) were higher in thoracic epidural analgesia group (pPain scores of patients who received thoracic epidural analgesia were significantly lower as from 6th hour during whole therapy (prib fractures who require intensive care.

  11. Principles of Hand Fracture Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haughton, DN; Jordan, D; Malahias, M; Hindocha, S; Khan, W

    2012-01-01

    The hand is essential in humans for physical manipulation of their surrounding environment. Allowing the ability to grasp, and differentiated from other animals by an opposing thumb, the main functions include both fine and gross motor skills as well as being a key tool for sensing and understanding the immediate surroundings of their owner. Hand fractures are the most common fractures presenting at both accident and emergency and within orthopaedic clinics. Appropriate evaluation at first presentation, as well as during their management, can significantly prevent both morbidity and disability to a patient. These decisions are dependant on a wide range of factors including age, hand dominance, occupation and co-morbidities. A fracture is best described as a soft tissue injury with an associated bony injury. Despite this being the case, this paper intends to deal mainly with the bone injury and aims to discuss both the timing, as well as the methods available, of hand fracture management. PMID:22423303

  12. A CLINICAL STUDY OF PROXIMAL FEMUR LOCKING COMPRESSION PLATE (LCP - PF IN THE MANAGEMENT OF COMMUNITED INTERTROCHANTERIC AND SUBTROCHANTERIC FRACTURES OF THE FEMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hari Babu

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Fractures of proximal femur and hip are relatively common injuries in elderly individuals . The incidence of peritrochanteric and intertrochanteric fracture is also increasing among young population, who sustain high energy trauma Rigid Internal fixation and early mobilization has been the standard method of treatment. A combination of orthopaedic surgery and early postoperative physiotherapy and ambulation is the best approach. The overall goal in the treatment of hip fractures is to return the patient to pre - morbid level of function. AIMS & OBJECTIVE : To analyse the anatomical and f unctional outcome of the treatment with LCP - Proximal femur. METHODOLOGY : The present study consists of 12 adult patients of peritrochanteric factures of femur satisfying the inclusion criteria , treated with Proximal Femoral Locking Compression Plate at S. V. R. R . Govt . General Hospital, Tirupati during the period of nov 2013 to Oct 2015. INCLUSION CRITERIA : Age >18years , comminuted trochanteric and sub trochanteric fractures , Signed written informed consent . EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Inter trochanteric fractures involving piriformis fossa , Compound fractures . Pathological fractures . Any displacement of a femoral neck fracture . A ssociated malignancy. RESULTS : Average age incidence in the present study was 62.7 years. , Predominantly males (75% were affected. , Most cases occurred after a fall 10 (50% cases which was statistically significant , Right side involvement was more common. , Average post - operative stay was 13.5 days. , Out of the 12 cases, evaluated using Salvati - Wilson scoring : 3 cases (25% had good, 8 cases (66.67% fair, 1 case (8.33% had poor score , Average weight bearing time was14.5 weeks , Average union rate was 19.45 weeks.

  13. Prevalence and Cost of Subsequent Fractures Among U.S. Patients with an Incident Fracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weaver, Jessica; Sajjan, Shiva; Lewiecki, E Michael; Harris, Steven T; Marvos, Panagiotis

    2017-04-01

    The prevalence and cost of subsequent fractures among patients with an incident fracture are not well defined. To assess the prevalence of, and costs associated with, subsequent fractures in the year after an incident fracture. This was a retrospective claims database analysis using data from Humana Medicare Advantage claims (Medicare group) and Optum Insight Clinformatics Data Mart commercial claims (commercial group). Patients included in the study had a claim for a qualifying fracture occurring between January 2008 and December 2013 (index fracture), were continuously enrolled in the health plan for ≥ 1 year before and after the index fracture, and were aged ≥ 65 years in the Medicare group or ≥ 50 years in the commercial group at the time of the index fracture. Subsequent fractures were identified by ICD-9-CM codes and were defined as the second fracture occurring ≥ 3 to ≤ 12 months after the index fracture (≥ 6 to ≤ 12 months for fractures at the same site as the index fracture). Rates of subsequent fractures were calculated as the number of patients who had a subsequent fracture divided by the total sample size. After propensity matching of demographic and clinical variables, we determined the total medical and pharmacy costs accrued within 1 year of the index fracture by patients with and without a subsequent fracture. Health care costs were compared between patients with and without a subsequent fracture using McNemar's test. A total of 45,603 patients were included in the Medicare group, and 54,145 patients were included in the commercial group. In the Medicare group, 7,604 (16.7%) patients experienced a subsequent fracture. The proportion of patients with a subsequent fracture was highest among patients with multiple index fractures (26.2%, n = 905), followed by those with hip (25.5%, n = 1,280) and vertebral (20.2%, n = 1,908) index fractures. In the commercial group, 6,256 (11.6%) patients experienced a subsequent fracture. The proportion

  14. Clinical Observation of 45 Cases of Mongolian medicine Manipulative Reduction for the Treatment of Fracture of Tibia and Fibula%蒙医手法复位治疗胫腓骨骨折45例疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李明文

    2016-01-01

    Objective To retrospectively analysis clinical effect of manual reduction for the treatment of fracture of tibia and fibula in Mongolian medicine. Methods In our hospital from January 1, 2010 to February 1, 2015 during the treatment of 45cases of fracture of tibia and fibula, after treatment with manipulative reduction was observed in patients with fractures, clinical symptoms and joint function, and other adverse reactions, and evaluation of curative effect. Results 34 cases were cured, 9 taking effect 2 valid, 0 is not valid, the total effective rate of 100%. Conclusion The effect of manual reduction for the treatment of tibia and fibula fracture in Mongolian medicine, worthy of further clinical application.%目的:回顾性分析蒙医手法复位治疗胫腓骨骨折的临床疗效。方法回顾本院从2010年1月1日至2015年2月1日期间收治胫腓骨骨折患者45例,经手法复位治疗后,观察患者的骨折复位、临床症状、关节功能、不良反应等,并评价疗效。结果34例痊愈,9例显效,2例有效,0例无效,总有效率达100.00%。结论蒙医手法复位治疗胫腓骨骨折效果显著,值得临床进一步推广应用。

  15. Clinical utility of routine laboratory testing to identify possible secondary causes in older men with osteoporosis: the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fink, Howard A.; Litwack-Harrison, Stephanie; Taylor, Brent C.; Bauer, Douglas C.; Orwoll, Eric S.; Lee, Christine G.; Barrett-Connor, Elizabeth; Schousboe, John T.; Kado, Deborah M.; Garimella, Pranav S.; Ensrud, Kristine E.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose To evaluate the utility of recommended laboratory testing to identify secondary causes in older men with osteoporosis, we examined prevalence of laboratory abnormalities in older men with and without osteoporosis. Methods 1572 men aged ≥65 years in the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men study completed bone mineral density (BMD) testing and a battery of laboratory measures, including serum calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase, parathyroid hormone (PTH), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), 25-OH vitamin D, total testosterone, spot urine calcium/creatinine ratio, spot urine albumin-creatinine ratio, creatinine-derived estimate glomerular filtration rate, 24-hour urine calcium, and 24-hour urine free cortisol. Using cross-sectional analyses, we calculated prevalence ratios (PR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the association of any and specific laboratory abnormalities with osteoporosis, and the number of men with osteoporosis needed to test to identify one additional laboratory abnormality compared to testing men without osteoporosis. Results Approximately 60% of men had ≥1 laboratory abnormality in both men with and without osteoporosis. Among individual tests, only vitamin D insufficiency (PR, 1.13; 95% CI, 1.05–1.22) and high alkaline phosphatase (PR, 3.05; 95% CI, 1.52–6.11) were more likely in men with osteoporosis. Hypercortisolism and hyperthyroidism were uncommon and not significantly more frequent in men with osteoporosis. No osteoporotic men had hypercalciuria. Conclusions Though most of these older men had ≥1 laboratory abnormality, few routinely recommended individual tests were more common in men with osteoporosis than in those without osteoporosis. Possibly excepting vitamin D and alkaline phosphatase, benefit of routine laboratory testing to identify possible secondary causes in older osteoporotic men appears low. Results may not be generalizable to younger men or to older men in whom history and exam findings raise clinical

  16. Clinical Characteristics and Treatment of Fractures of Mandibular Condyloid Process%下颌骨髁状突骨折临床特征及治疗的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘蔚; 陈昶; 李明达; 胡翰青

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨下颌骨髁状突骨折的临床特点及治疗。方法将71例髁状突骨折患者按治疗方法的不同分为手术组(25例,采用手术切开复位内固定术)及非手术组(46例,采用手法复位)。对2组患者的年龄、性别、受伤因素、骨折部位及类型、治疗方式及并发症等方面进行分析。结果髁状突骨折好发于21~30岁人群,发病率男性高于女性,主要致伤原因为交通事故(56.34%),骨折线多位于髁状突颈部(60.56%)。治疗后随访1年,手术组患者在最大张口度、咬牙合关系、颞下颌关节疼痛、下颌骨活动度等方面与非手术组比较差异均无统计学意义(均 P >0.05)。结论髁状突骨折好发于青中年男性,交通事故为主要致伤原因,髁颈是好发部位;髁状突骨折的治疗应综合考虑患者的骨折部位、移位程度、复位难易程度、年龄、全身情况以及患者的意愿等方面来决定。%Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics and treatment of fractures of the mandibular condyloid process.Methods Seventy-one patients with fractures of the mandibu-lar condyloid process were assigned to receive either open reduction and internal fixation (opera-tion group,n=25)or manual reduction (non-operation group,n=46).The age,gender,etiology, fracture site,fracture type,treatment method and complications were analyzed in both groups.Re-sults Fractures of the mandibular condyloid process often occurred in people between 21 and 30 years of age,and the incidence in males was higher than that in females.The main cause of frac-tures of the mandibular condyloid process was traffic accident (56.34%),and the fracture line was mainly located at condylar neck (60.56%).After 1 year of follow-up,no significant differ-ences in maximal mouth opening,normal occlusion,temporomandibular joint pain and mandibular activity were found between the two groups (P >0

  17. Arthrofibrosis After Periarticular Fracture Fixation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAlister, Ian; Sems, Stephen Andrew

    2016-04-01

    Arthrofibrosis after periarticular fractures can create clinically significant impairments in both the upper and lower extremities. The shoulder, elbow, and knee are particularly susceptible to the condition. Many risk factors for the development of arthrofibrosis cannot be controlled by the patient or surgeon. Early postoperative motion should be promoted whenever possible. Manipulations under anesthesia are effective for a period of time in certain fracture patterns, and open or arthroscopic surgical debridements should be reserved for the patient for whom nonoperative modalities fail and who has a clinically significant deficit. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Clinical stucly of two methods about fixation in open tibial and fibular fractures%开放性胫腓骨骨折2种固定方式临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈记明; 夏时雨; 杨志; 黎喆

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨外固定支架及加压钢板内固定治疗开放性胫腓骨骨折的临床疗效.方法 对61例开放性胫腓骨骨折清创复位后,分别采用外固定支架固定31例(A组),加压钢板固定30例(B组).结果 A、B组优良率分为90.3%、76.7%,A组优良率明显优于B组(P﹤0.05).结论 外固定支架是治疗开放性胫腓骨骨折首选手术方式,特别适用于Ⅲ型及骨折波及关节面或靠近关节面的开放性胫腓骨骨折.%Objective To explore the clinical efficacy of external fixation and compression plate internal fixation in treatment of open tibial and fibular fractures. Methods 61 cases of open tibial and fibular fracture debridement after reset, were treated with external fixation in 31 cases ( group A ), and compression plate fixation in 30 cases ( group B ). Results The excellent rate of Group Aand GroupB were90. 3% 76. 7% , and significant differences was found between the two groups ( P < 0. 05 ). Conclusion External fixation is the preferred treatment of open fractures of tibia and fibula preferred operation, which especially suitable for type Ⅲ and fracture affects the articular surface or near the articular surface of open fracture of tibia and fibula.

  19. Profile and procedures for fractures among 1323 fracture patients from the 2010 Yushu earthquake, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Peng; Tang, Bihan; Liu, Yuan; Liu, Xu; Shen, Yan; Liu, Zhipeng; Yang, Hongyang; Zhang, Lulu

    2016-11-01

    The injuries caused by earthquakes are often complex and of various patterns. Our study included all fracture inpatients from the Yushu earthquake (1323 in total), to learn more about the incidence and distribution of fractures during earthquakes. A retrospective study of the clinical characteristics of hospitalized fracture patients after the 2010 Yushu earthquake was conducted from December 20 to 25, 2010.We reviewed medical records of hospitalized patients who had been evacuated from the Yushu earthquake area between April 14 and June 15, 2010, from 57 hospitals, and also reviewed more than 100 documents assembled from daily medical rescue and disease prevention reports submitted by the frontline rescue organizations. In total, 78.0% of fracture patients were admitted to the hospital within 3 days after the earthquake. There were 1323 patients who presented with 1539 fractures. The most common fracture occurred in the lower limbs, followed by spinal, pelvic, and shoulder-upper limb fractures. The end of the thoracic vertebra and the lumbar vertebra were the high-risk sites for vertebral fractures. A total of 38 patients became paraplegic. A 2-level spatial clustering was detected among the 193 patients presenting with 2 fractures. Analysis profiles of the injuries and clinical features of patients with earthquake-related fractures will positively impact rescue efforts and the treatment of fracture injuries caused by possible future natural disasters. We should assemble orthopedic-related medications and surgical equipment, and allocate them promptly after a major earthquake. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Clinical value of percutaneous needle internal fixation technology in the treatment of limb fractures%经皮穿针内固定技术治疗四肢骨折的临床价值研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡鲲; 李溥; 覃家永; 陆耀宇; 胡建山

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical value of percutaneous needle internal fixation technology in the treatment of limb fractures.Methods 498 patients with limb fractures were treated by percutaneous needle internal fixation,and the healing time was observed and the function was evaluated.Results all 498 patients were followed and the average follow-up time was (11±2.1)months (6~20 months).X-ray film showed that,the fractures were healed completely in phase-I,and all patients had no infection,non-union or other complications.The average time of healing was (6.9±1.8)months,the good rate of prognosis was 95.58%.Conclusion The treatment by percutaneous needle internal fixation technology for four limbs fractures met biomechanics fixation principle, the internal fixation was stable and conducive to healing of fractures and recovery of soft tissue.Especially for the treatment of children fractures and adult simple fractures,it had obvious advantages compared with other internal fixation methods.%目的探讨经皮穿针内固定技术在治疗四肢骨折中的临床价值。方法498例四肢骨折患者均行经皮穿针内固定治疗,观察骨折临床愈合时间并进行功能评定。结果498例均获得随访,平均随访时间(11±2.1)个月(6个月~20个月)。X线片显示,骨折全部Ⅰ期愈合,所有病例均无感染、骨不连等并发症发生。骨折愈合平均时间(6.9±1.8)个月,预后优良率为95.58%。结论经皮穿针内固定技术治疗四肢骨折符合生物力学固定(BO)原则,内固定牢靠,有利于骨折的愈合及软组织修复。特别对于儿童骨折、成人简单骨折的治疗与其他内固定方法相比较具有明显优势。

  1. Growth Plate Fractures

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the most widely used by doctors is the Salter-Harris system, described below. Type I Fractures These ... incidence of growth plate fractures peaks in adolescence. Salter-Harris classification of growth plate fractures. AAOS does ...

  2. Reverse LISS plating for intertrochanteric Hip Fractures in elderly patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen SB

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Fractures of the intertrochanteric hip are common and the treatment of unstable fractures generally requires an operative approach. In elderly patients, osteoporosis makes internal fixation problematic and frequently contributes to failed fixation and poor clinical results. We have attempted to apply the Less Invasive Stabilization System (LISS in reverse position for the repair of intertrochanteric hip fractures in elderly patients with osteoporotic bones. A retrospective review is presented of the cases of 28 elderly patients with stable and unstable fractures of the intertrochanteric hip treated using the reverse LISS. Methods We treated 28 elderly patients with a mean age of 82.3 years. According to the Evens classification, there were 2 Type I fractures, 2 Type II fractures, 3 Type III fractures, 13 Type IV fractures, 6 Type V fractures and 2 Type R fractures. All fractures were treated using the reverse LISS. Radiographic and clinical evidence of functional outcome and complications were evaluated. Results Mean perioperative blood loss was 92.4 milliliters (range 35 to 245 milliliters, and the mean postoperative hospital stay was 8.7 days (range 3 to 14 days. Complications included one minor wound hematoma. Radiographically, no collapses, screw cutouts, or head penetrations were seen. All surviving patients (28 of 28; 100 percent had uneventful fracture healing with union achieved by six months in all patients. Conclusions Use of the Reverse LISS plating for intertrochanteric hip fractures resulted in event-free fracture healing.

  3. 489例老年髋部骨折患者临床分析%The clinical analysis of 489 old patients of hip fracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方岩; 刘文斌; 朱涛

    2011-01-01

    目的:通过分析5年内我科因髋部骨折入院的患者的骨质疏松症诊断和治疗情况,降低骨折预期发生风险的目的.方法:将2005年1月-2009年12月所有因髋部骨折入院的患者,骨质疏松症诊断和治疗的比率进行分析,研究随着骨质疏松症诊断和治疗比率的提高,骨折预期风险的变化.结果:随着骨质疏松症诊断和治疗比率的提高,骨折预期发生风险显著降低.结论:正确的诊断和有效的治疗可降低骨质疏松症骨折的发生.%Objective: Osteoporosis is a major medical problem affecting old person,especially women. But there are only few people to receive the treatment of osteoporosis. The major symptom of osteoporosis is the fragility fracture in hip. It is an only chance to the patients suffer from hip fracture to receive the diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis. A retrospective study was performed in the propotion of diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis in the patients following hip fracture in the past five years to find in order to decrease the proption of hip fracture, the importance of the treatment of osteoporosis is in orthopaedic department. Methods: We utilized historical demographic and hip-fracture data from 2002-2004 to determine the rate of fragility hip fracture according to age group. Then analyze the propotion of diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis in the patients hospitalized in 2005-2009 because of hip fracture. The purpose is to find the changes of expected fracture in the future. Results: As the propotion of diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis increased, the rate of expected fracture in the future will be decreased. Conclusions: The role of the orthopaedic surgeon in the management of osteoporosis disease is very important.

  4. Nonunion of paediatric talar neck fracture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jindal Nipun

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available 【Abstract】Fractures of the paediatric talus are infrequent injuries, most complicated by posttraumatic arthrosis and avascular necrosis in the course of treatment. Non- union in children has not been reported before in literature. We report a case of a 12-year-old boy who had a nonunion of Hawkins type II fracture of talar neck. The nonunion was treated surgically with a good clinical outcome. The goals of management in nonunion of paediatric talar neck fracture are different from those in fresh fractures. A suboptimal reduction should be acceptable without trying a radical surgery which may cause further impairment.

  5. 抗旋型股骨近端髓内钉治疗股骨粗隆下骨折的临床观察%Clinical observations on proximal femoral nail anti-rotation in treatment f subtrochanteric fractures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜海涛; 李旭; 徐贤; 刘林; 邵钦; 吴韦

    2012-01-01

    Objective To discuss the clinical outcome of proximal femoral nail anti -rotation (PFNA) in treatment of subtrochanteric fractures. Methods There were 23 patients with traumatic subtrochanteric fractures from Jun. 2008 to Jan. 2011. According to Seinsheiner classification of subtroehanteric fractures ,9 patients were with type II fractures,7 with type III fractures ,5 with type IV fractures and 2 with type V fractures. Close reduction or open reduction was performed through a mini incision before inserting the nail. Results Totally 23 patients (100% ,23/23)were followed up for 9-40 months,with a mean duration of 20 months. Bony union was observed in all patients, with a mean union period of 4.5 months. According to Modified Harris Hip Scale ,the results were excellent in 17 patients,good in 6,with excellent and good rate of 100%. Conclusion PFNA in treatment of subtro?chanteric fractures has advantages of easy operation ,less damage and less bleeding. It's helpful for fracture healing. Stable internal fixation could allow patients with early hip and knee joint functional exercise to reduce the complica -tions. So PFNA is an effective device for treatment of subtrochanteric fracture .%目的 讨论采用抗旋型股骨近端髓内钉((proximal femur nail A,PFNA)内固定治疗股骨粗隆下骨折的临床效果.方法 收集2008年6月~2011年1月我科收治的股骨粗隆下骨折23例病例资料,Seinsheiner 分型Ⅱ型9例,Ⅲ型7 例,Ⅳ型5例,Ⅴ型2例.采用闭合或有限切开,复位满意后,行PFNA 内固定治疗.结果 23例均获随访,随访时间9~ 40个月,平均20个月.全部获得骨性愈合,平均愈合时间为4.5个月.根据改良Harris髋关节评分标准进行功能评价:优17例,良6例; 优良率100%.结论 PFNA治疗股骨粗隆下骨折,具有操作方便、损伤小、术中出血少、有利于骨折愈合、内固定坚强稳定、术后能辅以髋膝关节的早期功能锻炼等优点,对股骨粗隆下骨折有较好的临床治疗效果.

  6. Current concepts in pediatric femur fracture treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanlic, Enes; Cruz, Miguel

    2007-12-01

    Femoral neck fractures require urgent evacuation of intracapsular hematoma, anatomic reduction, and secure fixation with screws and cast immobilization. Extracapsular trochanteric and subtrochanteric fractures are best treated by fixed angle devices (locked plates or dynamic screw and side plate). "Length stable" low energy shaft fractures with minimal displacement or fractures are treated operatively. Transverse or short oblique shaft fractures in patients fractures. Children > 12 years have less risk of vascular disturbance to the proximal physis, and should have lateral transtrochanateric entry locked rigid nails. Fractures with severe soft tissue injuries could be temporized with external fixation. Distal physis and epiphyseal injuries require anatomical reduction and smooth wires and/or screw fixation (placed in such a way as to minimize further damage to the physis) and need to be augmented with a brace. Leg-length discrepancy is not a significant clinical problem in operatively treated patients. We recommend hardware removal after complete fracture healing, usually in 6 to 12 months. Implants left in the growing child could become buried deep inside of the bone, or cause "periprosthetic" fractures and/or eventually impede adult reconstruction. Minimal risks are reported for hardware removal in healthy patients with healed fractures (4 cortices bridged).

  7. Chopart fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klaue, Kaj

    2004-09-01

    The Chopart articular space was described by François Chopart (1743-1795) as a practical space for amputations in cases of distal foot necrosis. It corresponds to the limit between the anatomical hind-foot and the mid-foot. The bones involved are the talus and the calcaneus proximally, and the navicular and the cuboid distally. This space thus holds two functionally distinct entities, the anterior part of the coxa pedis (an essential functional joint) and the calcaneo-cuboidal joint,which can be considered to be an "adaptive joint" within a normal foot. Trauma to this region may cause fractures and/or dislocations and, in high energy trauma,compartment syndromes. Principles of treatment are immediate reduction of dislocations and realignment of the medial and lateral column of the foot in length and orientation. Open reduction and internal fixation of talus and navicular fractures are often indicated to restore the "coxa pedis". Open reconstruction or fusion in correct length of the calcaneo-cuboidal joint is occasionally indicated. Salvage procedures in malunions include navicular osteotomies and calcaneo-cuboidal bone block fusions. Treatment of joint destructions, especially involving the talo-navicular joint, include triple arthrodesis.

  8. Biological Plating in Comminuted Subtrochanteric Fractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MR Aghamirsalim

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Comminuted subtrochanteric fractures have been a challenge for orthopedic surgeons in terms of appropriate reduction and stable fixation. Numerous methods have been used for the fixation of comminuted subtrochanteric fractures among which some are accompanied with technical difficulties and complications of their own. Regarding the results of previous studies, we decided to evaluate the biological fixation method in comminuted subtrochanteric fractures. Methods: In this prospective study, we evaluated 20 men with comminuted subtrochanteric femoral fractures. The patients underwent indirect reduction with dynamic hip screw (DHS or dynamic condylar screw (DCS fixation within one week of injury. The patients were evaluated clinically for pain, hip and knee range of motion, leg-length discrepancy and angular and rotational deformities, in addition the radiographic assessment of the union. Results: According to Seinsheimer's classification of subtrochanteric fractures, four patients had type III, nine had type IV and seven had type V fractures. Fracture fixation was performed by DCS in eight and by DHS in 12 cases. The average time of the operations was 79.4 (ranging from 60-125 minutes. Mean blood loss was 634 (ranging from 340-1160 milliliters. Uneventfully, union occurred in all patients with no clinical pain or dysfunction. Conclusion: Submuscular plating with either DCS or DHS is a viable option to treat comminuted subtrochanteric fractures. The results of this study highly suggest use of submuscular plating in the treatment of comminuted subtrochanteric fractures, especially in the third world countries.

  9. Hip fracture in hospitalized medical patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zapatero Antonio

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of the present study is to analyze the incidence of hip fracture as a complication of admissions to internal medicine units in Spain. Methods We analyzed the clinical data of 2,134,363 adults who had been admitted to internal medicine wards. The main outcome was a diagnosis of hip fracture during hospitalization. Outcome measures included rates of in-hospital fractures, length of stay and cost. Results A total of 1127 (0.057% admittances were coded with an in-hospital hip fracture. In hospital mortality rate was 27.9% vs 9.4%; p  Conclusions In-hospital hip fracture notably increased mortality during hospitalization, doubling the mean length of stay and mean cost of admission. These are reasons enough to stress the importance of designing and applying multidisciplinary plans focused on reducing the incidence of hip fractures in hospitalized patients.

  10. Fracture Union in Closed Interlocking Nail in Humeral Shaft Fractures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ramji Lal Sahu; Rajni Ranjan; Ajay Lal

    2015-01-01

    Background:Fracture shaft humerus is a major cause of morbidity in patients with upper extremity injuries.The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of interlocking nail in humeral shaft fractures.Methods:This study was conducted in the Department of Orthopedic Surgery in SMS and R Sharda University from January 2010 to November 2013.Seventy-eight patients were recruited from emergency and out-patient department having a close fracture of humerus shaft.All patients were operated under general anesthesia and closed reamed interlocking nailing was done.All patients were followed for 9 months.Results:Out of 78 patients,69 patients underwent union in 90-150 days with a mean of 110.68 days.Complications found in four patients who had nonunion,and five patients had delayed union,which was treated with bone grafting.All the patients were assessed clinically and radiologically for fracture healing,joint movements and implant failure.The results were excellent in 88.46% and good in 6.41% patients.Complete subjective,functional,and clinical recovery had occurred in almost 100% of the patients.Conclusions:The results of the present study indicates that in the presence of proper indications,reamed antegrade intramedullary interlocked nailing appears to be a method of choice for internal fixation of osteoporotic and pathologic fractures.

  11. Fracture Rates and Fracture Sites in Patients With Osteogenesis Imperfecta

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Folkestad, Lars; Hald, Jannie Dahl; Ersbøll, Annette Kjær;

    2017-01-01

    Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a hereditary, clinically heterogeneous, connective tissue disorder. The population prevalence of OI in Denmark is 10.6 in 100,000. A hallmark of the disease is frequent fractures that are often precipitated by minimal trauma. The aim of the current study...

  12. Recognizing and reporting vertebral fractures: reducing the risk of future osteoporotic fractures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lentle, B.C. [Univ. of British Columbia, Dept. of Radiology, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada); Brown, J.P. [Laval Univ., Dept. of Medicine, Sainte-Foy, Quebec (Canada); Khan, A. [McMaster Univ., Dept. of Medicine, Hamilton, Ontario (Canada)]. E-mail: blentle@shaw.ca (and others)

    2007-02-15

    Given the increasing evidence that vertebral fractures are underdiagnosed and not acted on, Osteoporosis Canada and the Canadian Association of Radiologists initiated a project to develop and publish a set of recommendations to promote and facilitate the diagnosis and reporting of vertebral fractures. The identification of spinal fractures is not uniform. More than 65% of vertebral fractures cause no symptoms. It is also apparent that vertebral fractures are inadequately recognized when the opportunity for diagnosis arises fortuitously. It is to patients' benefit that radiologists report vertebral fractures evident on a chest or other radiograph, no matter how incidental to the immediate clinical indication for the examination. The present recommendations can help to close the gap in care in recognizing and treating vertebral fractures, to prevent future fractures and thus reduce the burden of osteoporosis-related morbidity and mortality, as well as fracture-related costs to the health care system. Several studies indicate that a gap exists in regard to the diagnosis of vertebral fractures and the clinical response following such diagnosis. All recommendations presented here are based on consensus. These recommendations were developed by a multidisciplinary working group under the auspices of the Scientific Advisory Council of Osteoporosis Canada and the Canadian Association of Radiologists. Prevalent vertebral fractures have important clinical implications in terms of future fracture risk. Recognizing and reporting fractures incidental to radiologic examinations done for other reasons has the potential to reduce health care costs by initiating further steps in osteoporosis diagnosis and appropriate therapy. Physicians should be aware of the importance of vertebral fracture diagnosis in assessing future osteoporotic fracture risk. Vertebral fractures incidental to radiologic examinations done for other reasons should be identified and reported. Vertebral

  13. Does plate type influence the clinical outcomes and implant removal in midclavicular fractures fixed with 2.7-mm anteroinferior plates? A retrospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilde, Alex K; Jones, Clifford B; Sietsema, Debra L; Hoffmann, Martin F

    2014-07-04

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate surgical healing rates, implant failure, implant removal, and the need for surgical revision with regards to plate type in midshaft clavicle fractures fixed with 2.7-mm anteroinferior plates utilizing modern plating techniques. This retrospective exploratory cohort review took place at a level I teaching trauma center and a single large private practice office. A total of 155 skeletally mature individuals with 156 midshaft clavicle fractures between March 2002 and March 2012 were included in the final results. Fractures were identified by mechanism of injury and classified based on OTA/AO criteria. All fractures were fixed with 2.7-mm anteroinferior plates. Primary outcome measurements included implant failure, malunion, nonunion, and implant removal. Secondary outcome measurements included pain with the visual analog scale and range of motion. Statistically significant testing was set at 0.05, and testing was performed using chi-square, Fisher's exact, Mann-Whitney U, and Kruskall-Wallis. Implant failure occurred more often in reconstruction plates as compared to dynamic compression plates (p = 0.029). Malunions and nonunions occurred more often in fractures fixed with reconstruction plates as compared to dynamic compression plates, but it was not statistically significant. Implant removal attributed to irritation or implant prominence was observed in 14 patients. Statistically significant levels of pain were seen in patients requiring implant removal (p = 0.001) but were not associated with the plate type. Anteroinferior clavicular fracture fixation with 2.7-mm dynamic compression plates results in excellent healing rates with low removal rates in accordance with the published literature. Given higher rates of failure, 2.7-mm reconstruction plates should be discouraged in comparison to stiffer and more reliable 2.7-mm dynamic compression plates.

  14. Arthroscopic Treatment of Medial Femoral Condylar Coronal Fractures and Nonunions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ercin, Ersin; Bilgili, M. Gokhan; Basaran, S. Hakan; Baca, Emre; Kural, Cemal; Avkan, M. Cevdet

    2013-01-01

    Nonunion of medial femoral condylar coronal fractures are uncommon. In neglected Hoffa fractures despite nonunion, there is a risk of missing accompanying ligamentous and intra-articular injuries. Neither preoperative clinical examination nor magnetic resonance imaging showed these injuries before arthroscopy. Arthroscopy before internal fixation gives additional information and changes the surgical protocol for these fractures and nonunions. PMID:24400191

  15. Thoracic kyphosis and rate of incident vertebral fractures: the Fracture Intervention Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vittinghoff, E.; Kado, D. M.; Lane, N. E.; Ensrud, K. E.; Shipp, K.

    2016-01-01

    Summary Biomechanical analyses support the theory that thoracic spine hyperkyphosis may increase risk of new vertebral fractures. While greater kyphosis was associated with an increased rate of incident vertebral fractures, our analysis does not show an independent association of kyphosis on incident fracture, after adjustment for prevalent vertebral fracture. Excessive kyphosis may still be a clinical marker for prevalent vertebral fracture. Introduction Biomechanical analyses suggest hyperkyphosis may increase risk of incident vertebral fracture by increasing the load on vertebral bodies during daily activities. We propose to assess the association of kyphosis with incident radiographic vertebral fracture. Methods We used data from the Fracture Intervention Trial among 3038 women 55–81 years of age with low bone mineral density (BMD). Baseline kyphosis angle was measured using a Debrunner kyphometer. Vertebral fractures were assessed at baseline and follow-up from lateral radiographs of the thoracic and lumbar spine. We used Poisson models to estimate the independent association of kyphosis with incident fracture, controlling for age and femoral neck BMD. Results Mean baseline kyphosis was 48° (SD = 12) (range 7–83). At baseline, 962 (32 %) participants had a prevalent fracture. There were 221 incident fractures over a median of 4 years. At baseline, prevalent fracture was associated with 3.7° greater average kyphosis (95 % CI 2.8–4.6, p < 0.0005), adjusting for age and femoral neck BMD. Before adjusting for prevalent fracture, each 10° greater kyphosis was associated with 22 % increase (95 % CI 8–38 %, p = 0.001) in annualized rate of new radiographic vertebral fracture, adjusting for age and femoral neck BMD. After additional adjustment for prevalent fracture, estimated increased annualized rate was attenuated and no longer significant, 8 % per 10° kyphosis (95 % CI −4 to 22 %, p = 0.18). Conclusions While greater kyphosis increased the rate of

  16. Biologic fixation through bridge plating for comminuted shaft fracture of the clavicle: technical aspects and prospective clinical experience with a minimum of 12-mo