WorldWideScience

Sample records for clinical psychology

  1. Mindfulness and clinical psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Childs, David

    2011-09-01

    Does mindfulness offer more to psychology than a useful therapeutic technique? This paper argues that it can also establish a state of presence which is understood in relation to the practice of phenomenology. Mindfulness is then both linked to a Western intellectual tradition and offers that tradition a systematic method. This is an opening for psychological investigation of the non-conceptual basis of everyday experience. The combination of this theoretical stance with the increasingly widespread practical training of clinical psychologists in mindfulness has broad implications for clinical practice; this is illustrated in relation to the descriptive approach to clinical problems, qualitative research, and reflective practice.

  2. Reestablishing Clinical Psychology's Subjective Core

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    Hunsberger, Peter Hume

    2007-01-01

    Comments on the report by the APA Presidential Task Force on Evidence-Based Practice (see record 2006-05893-001) entitled Evidence-based practice in psychology. The Task Force is to be commended for their report valuing evidence from "clinical expertise" on a par with "research data" (p. 272) in guiding psychological practices. The current author…

  3. Computer applications in clinical psychology

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    Alina Oana Zamoşteanu

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The computer-assisted analysis is not currently a novelty, but a necessity in all areas of psychology. A number of studies that examine the limits of the computer assisted and analyzed interpretations, also its advantages. A series of studies aim to assess how the computer assisting programs are able to establish a diagnosis referring to the presence of certain mental disorders. We will present the results of one computer application in clinical psychology regarding the assessment of Theory of Mind capacity by animation.

  4. Computer applications in clinical psychology

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    Zamoşteanu, Alina Oana

    2012-01-01

    The computer-assisted analysis is not currently a novelty, but a necessity in all areas of psychology. A number of studies that examine the limits of the computer assisted and analyzed interpretations, also its advantages. A series of studies aim to assess how the computer assisting programs are able to establish a diagnosis referring to the presence of certain mental disorders. We will present the results of one computer application in clinical psychology regarding the assessment of Theory of Mind capacity by animation.

  5. Positive Psychology: possible future and clinical derivations

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    Mariana Gancedo

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available A possible future for the Positive Psychology movement could be to merge it into a new enunciative subsystem of psychology, which is named here as psychoeulogy. Psychoeulogy is defined as: the psychology subsystem that studies psychological well-being, and its conditions, characteristics and promotion. It could be understood as the conceptual reversal of psychopathology. Together, psychoeulogy and psychopathology, can complete the spectre of knowledge about the psyche. The target of this article is to introduce an epistemological model for this future psychoeulogy, and, at the same time, display its derivations on a clinical psychoeulogical model that can integrate the contributions of positive psychology and those of others psychological movements. 

  6. The Educational Psychology of Clinical Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, Jessica H; Rutledge, Brian

    2017-02-01

    Clinical training is paramount to the educational experience of learners, and the purpose of this training can be categorized into the following 4 categories of learning taxonomies: socialization, clinical reasoning, medical management of patient care and attitudinal change. This article investigates the educational psychology that provides the foundation of the categories of learning that take place in the clinical environment. Understanding this is critically important to create an opportunity for learners to activate their knowledge repertoire at the precise time of appropriate application.

  7. Introduction: Applying Clinical Psychological Science to Practice.

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    Cha, Christine B; DiVasto, Katherine A

    2017-02-10

    Mental illness is a prevalent and extraordinarily complex phenomenon. Psychologists have developed distinct approaches toward understanding and treating mental illness, rooted in divergent epistemology. This introduction to the Special Issue on Clinical Psychological Science and Practice provides a brief overview of the scientist-practitioner gap, and explores one step (of many) toward bridging this divide. Seven compelling case illustrations featured in this Special Issue apply empirical findings to case formulation, treatment selection, and assessment across complex and varied clinical presentations. This issue thereby demonstrates the feasibility of integrating research and clinical expertise in mental healthcare.

  8. Theoretical foundations of personality assessment in clinical psychology

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    Emil Benedik

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper emphasizes an important role of personality assessment in clinical psychology, leading theoretical and methodological perspectives, as well as the need for integrating different concepts and methods in personality assessment. Personality assessment in clinical psychology represents methodological frame for better understanding and treatment of psychological (mental disorders. Two principles for personality assessment prevail: one is based on psychological concepts of personality and statistical methodology, and the other relies on findings from clinical practice (clinical psychology, psychiatry and related fields. Since we do not yet have a generally accepted paradigm of personality assessment, clinical psychology needs unified concepts and methodology for personality assessment. Several authors have attempted to integrate and unify psychological concepts and methodology of assessment in the last decade. This is the path to development of clinical psychology and psychological science in general.

  9. Psychology at Chinese universities and in Chinese society: with special reference to clinical psychology

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    Yue, Guoan; Perrez, Meinrad; Han, Xiulan

    2011-01-01

    The following contribution gives a short introduction to Chinese psychology, history, psychological research and teaching institutions and student selection for universities. After a brief overview of the theoretical traditions and contemporary trends in general and experimental psychology it focuses in more detail on the recent developments in clinical and medical psychology. Research domains, academic training in clinical psychology and its applications in modern China are discussed with sp...

  10. On the Developmental Task of Clinical Psychology in Japan

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    SHIMOYAMA, Haruhiko

    2002-01-01

    This paper is intended as an investigation of the developmental task of clinical psychology today in Japan. Clinical psychology is now beginning to develop a large profile and a more serious role in Japanese society, but it is rather difficult to draw a definite perspective to develop it as a profession in the society. At first, we review the history of clinical psychology in Japan to describe difficulties it is now facing. Then we consider the comparison between clinical psychology in the U....

  11. Ethnic diversification in clinical psychology graduate training.

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    Toia, A; Herron, W G; Primavera, L H; Javier, R A

    1997-01-01

    Thirty-eight directors and 334 advanced graduate students from clinical psychology programs completed a survey on ethnic minority training offered in clinical doctoral programs. Comparisons were made between directors' and students' ratings on the following variables: students' level of interest in ethnic minority training, the importance of this training, and the effectiveness of the clinical programs' minority-related education. Minority and nonminority students' responses were also compared on these variables. Supplementary data were collected on ethnic minority education in coursework, research, and clinical practica. Findings indicate that students, relative to clinical directors, assign more importance to ethnic minority training and lower efficacy ratings to their programs' ethnic minority education. The results also suggest that minority students feel more strongly about the value of ethnic minority training than do their nonminority peers and the directors. The implications of these results are discussed, and recommendations are made to address identified problems.

  12. Current status of psychology and clinical psychology in India - an appraisal.

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    Virudhagirinathan, Baboo Sankar; Karunanidhi, Subbiah

    2014-10-01

    This paper provides an overview of the social and cultural context for the emergence and development of psychology in India and also more specifically of the development of clinical psychology. It details the range of universities offering psychology programmes and the various bodies involved in supporting the development of the psychology. The paper also describes the development of clinical psychology in India and the variety of roles undertaken by clinical psychologists. Finally, it raises a number of issues facing the development of Indian psychology into the future.

  13. Understanding egorrhea from cultural-clinical psychology.

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    Sasaki, Jun; Wada, Kaori; Tanno, Yoshihiko

    2013-01-01

    Based on his observations in Japanese clinical settings, Fujinawa (1972) conceptualized egorrhea syndrome, which includes symptoms such as erythrophobia, fear of eye-to-eye confrontation, olfactory reference syndrome, delusions of soliloquy, delusions of sleep talking, and thought broadcasting. The key feature of this syndrome is self-leakage, a perceived sense that one's personal internal information, such as feelings and thoughts, are leaking out. To reach a more comprehensive understanding of egorrhea, this paper aims to present general overview and reconsider the phenomenon of self-leakage using cultural-clinical psychology as a framework. First, the symptoms of egorrhea are reviewed in relation to other related psychopathologies such as social anxiety disorder (SAD) and taijin kyofusho (TKS), as well as schizophrenia. Second, a series of empirical studies conducted using Japanese non-clinical samples are summarized. The results of these studies form the basis for subsequent discussions, which incorporates the cultural-clinical psychology perspective proposed by Ryder et al. (2011). This paper ends with a general discussion regarding implications for research and clinical practice.

  14. Understanding Egorrhea from Cultural-Clinical Psychology

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    Jun eSasaki

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Based on his observations in Japanese clinical settings, Fujinawa (1972 conceptualized egorrhea syndrome, which includes symptoms such as olfactory reference syndrome, fear of eye-to-eye confrontation, delusions of sleep talking, delusions of soliloquy, and thought broadcasting. The key feature of this syndrome is self-leakage, a perceived sense that one’s personal internal information, such as feelings and thoughts, are leaking out. To reach a more comprehensive understanding of egorrhea, this paper aims to present general overview and reconsider the phenomenon of self-leakage using cultural-clinical psychology as a framework. First, the symptoms of egorrhea are reviewed in relation to other related psychopathologies such as social anxiety disorder (SAD and taijin kyofusho (TKS, as well as schizophrenia. Second, a series of empirical studies conducted using Japanese non-clinical samples are summarized. The results of these studies form the basis for subsequent discussions, which incorporates the cultural-clinical psychology perspective proposed by Ryder, Ban, Chentsova-Dutton (2011. This paper ends with a general discussion regarding implications for research and clinical practice.

  15. Psychodiagnostic Testing in APA-Approved Clinical Psychology Programs.

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    Piotrowski, Chris; Keller, John W.

    The utility and popularity of psychodiagnostic testing has been investigated in applied clinical settings, but little data exist concerning academicians' attitudes toward psychological testing. To assess attitudes toward psychodiagnostic training in doctoral, clinical psychology programs, all fully APA-approved (American Psychological Association)…

  16. Integrative data analysis in clinical psychology research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussong, Andrea M; Curran, Patrick J; Bauer, Daniel J

    2013-01-01

    Integrative data analysis (IDA), a novel framework for conducting the simultaneous analysis of raw data pooled from multiple studies, offers many advantages including economy (i.e., reuse of extant data), power (i.e., large combined sample sizes), the potential to address new questions not answerable by a single contributing study (e.g., combining longitudinal studies to cover a broader swath of the lifespan), and the opportunity to build a more cumulative science (i.e., examining the similarity of effects across studies and potential reasons for dissimilarities). There are also methodological challenges associated with IDA, including the need to account for sampling heterogeneity across studies, to develop commensurate measures across studies, and to account for multiple sources of study differences as they impact hypothesis testing. In this review, we outline potential solutions to these challenges and describe future avenues for developing IDA as a framework for studies in clinical psychology.

  17. Making the history of psychology clinically and philosophically relevant.

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    Vande Kemp, Hendrika

    2002-08-01

    The author discusses ways to make the history of psychology course relevant for a clinical psychology doctoral program within a multidenominational Protestant theological seminary. She uses a personalist orientation to emphasize the need to integrate psychology, philosophy, and theology. She differentiates among the intrapersonal, interpersonal, impersonal, and transpersonal dimensions of experience. She illustrates the rich multidisciplinary historical roots of contemporary psychology by tracing the the history of the term psychology and examining its meanings in the existential psychology of Søren Kierkegaard and in the 19th-century novel. She includes brief histories of the "new psychology" and of the unconscious. She describes how she uses the field of psychotheological integration to illustrate principles of historiography and summarizes resources used to supplement traditional textbooks.

  18. Clinical Psychology Program Improvement on the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology

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    Templer, Donald I.; Tyler, Lori; Nelson, Adam A.; Winstanley, Scott; Chicota, Cammy

    2004-01-01

    The present study was conducted in the context of previous research on the validity, correlates, and stability over time of clinical psychology program graduate scores on the national licensing exam, the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP). The purpose of the present study was to determine the characteristics of programs…

  19. Childhood obesity treatment and prevention. Psychological perspectives of clinical approaches

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    Maria Catena Quattropani

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This work focuses on clinical psychologist’ presence within childhood obesity prevention programmes in several countries. Method: The Authors collected articles considering psychological, biological and social aspects linked to childhood obesity. Results: Studies reveal that childhood obesity prevention programmes are based on biological, medical and educational aspects; clinical psychologists up until now have been engaged almost exclusively in the treatment of obesity. Conclusions: There is a clear need to consider psychological aspects (emotional, cognitive and relational related to the childhood obesity’s causes and involve psychologists in its prevention projects. Keywords: childhood obesity, overweight, multidisciplinary approach, clinical psychology, prevention, treatment

  20. Expertise in Clinical Psychology. The Effects of University Training and Practical Experience on Expertise in Clinical Psychology

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    Vollmer, Sabine; Spada, Hans; Caspar, Franz; Burri, Salome

    2013-01-01

    How do university training and subsequent practical experience affect expertise in clinical psychology? To answer this question we developed methods to assess psychological knowledge and the competence to diagnose, construct case conceptualizations, and plan psychotherapeutic treatment: a knowledge test and short case studies in a first study, and a complex, dynamically evolving case study in the second study. In our cross-sectional studies, psychology students, trainees in a certified postgr...

  1. Measuring Clinical Competence in Psychology Graduate Students: A Case Example.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swope, Alan J.

    1987-01-01

    Describes the development and evaluation of clinical competence in psychology graduate students. Includes a rationale for instituting the procedures, a description of the development of the first competence examination, and a discussion of the findings. (JDH)

  2. [Co-therapy in intercultural clinical psychology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pocreau, Jean-Bernard; Martins-Borges, Lucienne

    2013-01-01

    Numerous clinicians practicing systemic psychotherapy have recognized the relevance of co-therapy, an intervention model involving at least two clinicians. Intercultural psychology and ethnopsychiatry have been inspired by the principles of co-therapy and have adapted it to the intercultural context. Our objective is to illustrate how co-therapy works in intercultural psychology, as it has been developed by the Specialized Psychological Services for Immigrants and for Refugees (SAPSIR). This intervention model facilitates the working through processes of mourning and of identity, important issues with migrant individuals. Finally, this practice cannot be reduced to the mere application of techniques including some cultural elements; it implies a special way of being in relationship with others, with oneself and with one's knowledge.

  3. Childhood obesity treatment and prevention. Psychological perspectives of clinical approaches

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Catena Quattropani; Teresa Buccheri

    2013-01-01

    Objective: This work focuses on clinical psychologist’ presence within childhood obesity prevention programmes in several countries. Method: The Authors collected articles considering psychological, biological and social aspects linked to childhood obesity. Results: Studies reveal that childhood obesity prevention programmes are based on biological, medical and educational aspects; clinical psychologists up until now have been engaged almost exclusively in the treatment of obesity. Conclusion...

  4. [Foundational questions in the beginning of clinical psychology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceccarelli, Glauco

    2013-01-01

    This work proposes an initial survey on the origins of American clinical psychology between the nineteenth and twentieth century, against a backdrop of historiographical interpretation that hypothesizes a "plurality of matrices" of clinical psychology, linked to different theoretical perspectives and different socio-cultural contexts. Particular attention is focused upon the main foundational issues of the discipline, drawing from some of the writings of Lightner Witmer, to whom we owe the founding of the first "clinical psychology" for subjects in childhood characterized by "retardation or physical defects interfering with school progress"; and of a lesser-known scholar, John E.W. Wallin. Both authors, indeed, worry themselves anxious to define clinical psychology, differentiating it from other medical and psychological branches; to establish which is the field of competence of the clinical psychologist; and to outline their training and specify the aims and contents of their intervention. Attention is then addressed to the relationship psychologists-psychiatrists at the time of its emergence, making specific reference to a document of the New York Psychiatrical Society--which represents one of the first attempts to exclude clinical psychologists from the field of mental health--and reporting also on the response to this position signed by Shepherd Franz. After an allusion to the Italian situation from the 1950s to today, the article concludes by emphasizing that at least some of the basic questions that clinical psychology had to deal with at its birth are still present, though filtered through the intense debate that has taken place over the years, and consequently supporting the importance of a historical component in the training of contemporary clinical psychologists.

  5. Expertise in Clinical Psychology.The Effects of University Training and Practical Experience on Expertise in Clinical Psychology

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    Sabine eVollmer

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available How do university training and subsequent practical experience affect expertise in clinical psychology? To answer this question we developed methods to assess psychological knowledge and the competences to diagnose, construct case conceptualizations, and plan psychotherapeutic treatment: a knowledge test and short case studies in a first study, and a complex, dynamically evolving case study in the second study. In our cross-sectional studies, psychology students, trainees in a certified postgraduate psychotherapist curriculum, and behavior therapists with more than ten years of experience were tested (100 in total: 20 each of novice, intermediate, and advanced university students, postgraduate trainees, and therapists. Clinical knowledge and competences increased up to the level of trainees but unexpectedly decreased at the level of experienced therapists. We discuss the results against the background of expertise research and the training of clinical psychologists (in Germany. Essential factors for continuing education of psychotherapists are proposed.

  6. Expertise in clinical psychology. The effects of university training and practical experience on expertise in clinical psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vollmer, Sabine; Spada, Hans; Caspar, Franz; Burri, Salome

    2013-01-01

    How do university training and subsequent practical experience affect expertise in clinical psychology? To answer this question we developed methods to assess psychological knowledge and the competence to diagnose, construct case conceptualizations, and plan psychotherapeutic treatment: a knowledge test and short case studies in a first study, and a complex, dynamically evolving case study in the second study. In our cross-sectional studies, psychology students, trainees in a certified postgraduate psychotherapist curriculum, and behavior therapists with more than 10 years of experience were tested (100 in total: 20 each of novice, intermediate, and advanced university students, postgraduate trainees, and therapists). Clinical knowledge and competence increased up to the level of trainees but unexpectedly decreased at the level of experienced therapists. We discuss the results against the background of expertise research and the training of clinical psychologists (in Germany). Important factors for the continuing professional development of psychotherapists are proposed.

  7. [Use of artificial neural networks in clinical psychology and psychiatry].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starzomska, Małgorzata

    2003-01-01

    Artificial neural networks make a highly specialised tools in data transformation. The human brain has become an inspiration for the makers of artificial neural networks. Although even though artificial neural networks are more frequently used in areas like financial analysis, marketing studies or economical modelling, their application in psychology and medicine has given a lot of promising and fascinating discoveries. It is worth that artificial neurol networks are successfully used in the diagnosis and etiopathogenesis description of various psychiatric disorders such as eating disorders, compulsions, depression or schizophrenia. To sum up, artificial neural networks offer a very promising option of research methodology for modern clinical psychology and psychiatry. The aim of this article is only an illustration of the applications of artificial neural networks in clinical psychology and psychiatry.

  8. Clinical psychology and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

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    Francesco Pagnini

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis is a fatal and progressive disease, characterized by progressive muscles weakness, with consequent loss of physical capacities. Psychologists can play an important role in ALS care, by providing clinical activities in every step of the disease, including support and counseling activities directed to patients, their caregivers and to physicians.

  9. Collective memory : A perspective from (experimental) clinical psychology

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    Wessel, Ineke; Moulds, Michelle L.

    2008-01-01

    This paper considers the concept of collective memory from an experimental clinical psychology perspective. Exploration of the term collective reveals a broad distinction between literatures that view collective memories as a property of groups (collectivistic memory) and those that regard these mem

  10. Ethical Issues in Mentoring Doctoral Students in Clinical Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenberg, Anna; Heimberg, Richard G.

    2009-01-01

    Ethical issues abound in any relationship that is defined by differences between the parties in rank, status, and power. Such is the case in the relationship between a doctoral student in clinical psychology and his or her mentor. In this article, we examine several potential areas of ethical concern within the mentor-student relationship. We…

  11. Comparing School and Clinical Psychology Internship Applicant Characteristics

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    Mahoney, Emery B.; Perfect, Michelle M.; Edwinson, Roxanne M.

    2015-01-01

    The ratio of internship applicants to internship positions listed in the online directory of the Association of Psychology Postdoctoral and Internship Centers (APPIC) is estimated at 1.23:1. In 2014a, approximately 14% of all students who participated in the match were not placed. Although the internship crisis impacts students in clinical,…

  12. Review of Positive Psychology Applications in Clinical Medical Populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macaskill, Ann

    2016-09-07

    This review examines the application of positive psychology concepts in physical health care contexts. Positive psychology aims to promote well-being in the general population. Studies identifying character strengths associated with well-being in healthy populations are numerous. Such strengths have been classified and Positive Psychology Interventions (PPIs) have been created to further develop these strengths in individuals. Positive psychology research is increasingly being undertaken in health care contexts. The review identified that most of this research involves measuring character strengths and their association with health outcomes in patients with a range of different conditions, similar to the position in positive psychology research on non-clinical populations. More recently, PPIs are beginning to be applied to clinical populations with physical health problems and this research, although relatively scarce, is reviewed here for cancer, coronary heart disease, and diabetes. In common with PPIs being evaluated in the general population, high quality studies are scarce. Applying PPIs to patients with serious health conditions presents significant challenges to health psychologists. They must ensure that patients are dealt with appropriately and ethically, given that exaggerated claims for PPIs are made on the internet quite frequently. This is discussed along with the need for more high quality research.

  13. Women entering clinical psychology: Q-sort narratives of career attraction of female clinical psychology trainees in the UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Martyn; Nash, Jen

    2013-01-01

    The great majority of the UK clinical psychology workforce are women, and this fact prompted an examination of the various ways clinical psychology might be seen as attractive to women--a neglected research topic. Female clinical psychology trainees from a variety of training programmes Q-sorted statements of potential job attractors. The process of analysis is outlined before most of the article is devoted to explicating the five narratives of attraction generated: making a difference, waiting for what I want, idealising challenge, identifying with distress and acknowledging power and privilege. Two super-ordinate 'stories' spanning the narratives are suggested--an over-riding attraction to the profession and a rebuttal of the suggestion that this attraction may be based on any overtly gendered grounds. In the absence of previous empirical data of women's attraction to clinical psychology, the small but significant contribution to understanding the profession made by the analysis is acknowledged--as is the need for further research to confirm and develop the findings.

  14. Parent perspectives of clinical psychology access when experiencing distress.

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    Cooke, Sam; Smith, Ian; Turl, Emma; Arnold, Emma; Msetfi, Rachel M

    2012-04-01

    Around 20 to 30% of parents experience mental health difficulties within their child's first year, but only a small proportion go on to access specialist services. This is despite growing evidence around the positive benefits of psychosocial interventions for both parents and children. Previous research highlights facilitators and barriers to generic healthcare services for mothers with postnatal depression. The current study adopted a qualitative methodology to explore parents' own perceptions of the barriers and facilitators to clinical psychology specifically. Seven women took part in the study, most of whom had no previous involvement with specialist mental health services. A thematic analysis of interview data suggested six key themes in relation to the research question: 'The importance of connecting', 'Pressing the danger button', 'I'm not mad', 'More round care', 'Psychological distress as barrier' and 'Making space, making sense'. These are presented alongside a consideration of the clinical implications for community-based practitioners, including clinical psychologists.

  15. Tobacco Cessation Training in Clinical Psychology and Clinical Social Work Programs

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    Kleinfelder, JoAnn

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the tobacco and smoking cessation training and curriculum in graduate clinical psychology and graduate clinical social work programs. The current status of the clinical graduate programs' tobacco education curricula was evaluated by using the Transtheoretical Model's Stages of Change. Perceived barriers to…

  16. Guidelines for clinical supervision in health service psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    This document outlines guidelines for supervision of students in health service psychology education and training programs. The goal was to capture optimal performance expectations for psychologists who supervise. It is based on the premises that supervisors (a) strive to achieve competence in the provision of supervision and (b) employ a competency-based, meta-theoretical approach to the supervision process. The Guidelines on Supervision were developed as a resource to inform education and training regarding the implementation of competency-based supervision. The Guidelines on Supervision build on the robust literatures on competency-based education and clinical supervision. They are organized around seven domains: supervisor competence; diversity; relationships; professionalism; assessment/evaluation/feedback; problems of professional competence, and ethical, legal, and regulatory considerations. The Guidelines on Supervision represent the collective effort of a task force convened by the American Psychological Association (APA) Board of Educational Affairs (BEA).

  17. Collective memory: a perspective from (experimental) clinical psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wessel, Ineke; Moulds, Michelle L

    2008-04-01

    This paper considers the concept of collective memory from an experimental clinical psychology perspective. Exploration of the term collective reveals a broad distinction between literatures that view collective memories as a property of groups (collectivistic memory) and those that regard these memories as a property of individuals who are, to a greater or lesser extent, an integral part of their social environment (social memory). First, we argue that the understanding of collectivistic memory phenomena may benefit from drawing parallels with current psychological models such as the self-memory system theory of individualistic autobiographical memory. Second, we suggest that the social memory literature may inform the study of trauma-related disorders. We argue that a factual focus induced by collaborative remembering may be beneficial to natural recovery in the immediate aftermath of trauma, and propose that shared remembering techniques may provide a useful addition to the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder.

  18. Relations between Prestige Rankings of Clinical Psychology Doctoral Programs and Scores on the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Townsend, James M.; Ryan, Joseph J.

    2010-01-01

    We assessed the relationship between "U.S. News and World Report" 2008 rankings of clinical psychology doctoral programs and scores earned by graduates on the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP). For the top 25 programs, relationship between ranking and EPPP scores was not significant, r[subscript s] = -0.28. EPPP scores…

  19. Problems and opportunity of personality inventories in clinical - psychological practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emil Benedik

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with possibilities and problems of usage of personality inventories in psychological diagnostic of persons with "heavy pathology", from aspect of validity and applicability in the first place. Personality inventories are usually designed for health population. By their usage in clinical psychology we often meet problems like specific tendencies when answering defined questions. This could be the result of situational factors but also the impact of their disorders and personality. The possibilities of classical interpretation of results are in this way limited. Do we have the opportunity of development of the diagnostic instruments that we could, not only recognise, but use such deformations (which represent cognitive style or defence of person in diagnostic purpose? The MMPI-2, most famous inventory in this field, offer us great aid, especially because its items are selected empirically. By the analysis of its items from aspect of sensing and localisation of subjects problems, we found differences between clinical scales which represent patients of different clinical groups. These differences are in accordance with psychoanalytical assumptions about characteristics of sensing self and other people.

  20. Exploring Clinical Psychology Doctoral Students' Attitudes towards Adults with Substance Use Disorders

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    Mundon, Chandra R.

    2013-01-01

    This study sought to determine whether clinical psychology doctoral students hold uniquely stigmatizing views of adults with substance use disorders (SUDs) compared to adults with other clinical disorders. Through the use of clinical vignettes and attitudinal measures, three hypotheses investigated clinical psychology doctoral students'…

  1. CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY – ACTUAL DIRECTION IN GROUNDING OF HEALTH MANPOWER

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    M.G. Kucherov

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available In 90-ies years of last century in our country happened the crash of the system of values with transition to the standards of capitalistic society, and it lead to the formation of chronicle psychosocial stress of high and medium levels. Medics of all directions started to face functional psychosomatic diseases. Raised the necessity in grounding of health manpower in discipline of clinical psychology, with the learning of psychophisiological bases of diseases and possibilities if their correction. This direction of development of soviet medical education and health service in general seems progressive and prospective.

  2. Eleven rules for a more successful clinical psychology.

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    Hayes, Steven C

    2005-09-01

    The recommendations put forth in the target article, "Twenty-First Century Graduate Education in Clinical Psychology: A Four Level Matrix Model" (C.R. Snyder & T.R. Elliott, this issue, pp. 1033-1054), should be regarded in the context of the large need to develop a more progressive and effective discipline. No amount of "brute force" education and empiricism is certain to solve the problems of the scope of our field identified by the authors. Eleven rules are offered and defended that may lead to a more practically and empirically successful field.

  3. [Clinical and psychological disorders of pregnant women induced by abuse].

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    Diquelou, J-Y; Amar, P; Boyer, S; Montilla, F; Karoubi, R

    2008-06-01

    This study is performed on a population of pregnant women during the second trimester of their pregnancy. The aim of this study is to demonstrate that clinical symptoms noticeable by the obstétricians during their consultations. Eight hundred and fifty-three patients have been involved in this study by responding to an anonymous questionnary. Hundred and seventy-five patients(groupI) have been abuse either physically or psychologically or sexually. The study shows that there is a strong difference between the groupI and the group without abuse in their medical past history (678 patients) about the occurracy of several disorders. The most frequently observed troubles are sexuals disorders, school failures, deficients relationship with others persons, anxiety and troubles of humor. We can concluded, about those clinical manifestations, that they do exist during pregnancy and probably thoses symptoms are linked to traumatism occured during their past history. Obstetricians must look after thoses symptoms very seriously to propose a good management of the pregnancy either about their psychological problems or about the social environnement in which they live.

  4. Staff Perspectives of Service User Involvement on Two Clinical Psychology Training Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, Simon P.; Holttum, Sue

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated both negative and positive staff perspectives of service user involvement on two clinical psychology training courses as part of an ongoing process of service evaluation. Ten clinical psychology staff from two training courses were interviewed over the telephone by a current trainee clinical psychologist using a…

  5. Teaching Statistics in APA-Accredited Doctoral Programs in Clinical and Counseling Psychology: A Syllabi Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ord, Anna S.; Ripley, Jennifer S.; Hook, Joshua; Erspamer, Tiffany

    2016-01-01

    Although statistical methods and research design are crucial areas of competency for psychologists, few studies explore how statistics are taught across doctoral programs in psychology in the United States. The present study examined 153 American Psychological Association-accredited doctoral programs in clinical and counseling psychology and aimed…

  6. Of Course: Prerequisite Courses for Admission into APA-Accredited Clinical and Counseling Psychology Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norcross, John C.; Sayette, Michael A.; Stratigis, Katerina Y.; Zimmerman, Barrett E.

    2014-01-01

    Students often inquire about which psychology courses to complete in preparation for graduate school. This study provides data that enable students and their advisors to make research-informed decisions. We surveyed the directors of the 304 American Psychological Association-accredited doctoral programs in clinical and counseling psychology (97%…

  7. Psychotherapy in Australia: clinical psychology and its approach to depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kavanagh, David J; Littlefield, Lyn; Dooley, Roger; O'Donovan, Analise

    2007-08-01

    In Australia, clinical psychology training is dominated by cognitive and behavioral treatments (CBTs), although there is exposure to other theoretical orientations. Since 2001, over 20% of general medical practitioners (GPs) have received training in CBT, and psychiatry training increasingly incorporates CBT elements. Psychotherapy by medical practitioners is financially supported by universal health care funding with supplementation by patients and their private health insurance. Federally funded health benefits for up to 12 psychology consultations per year are provided on referral from GPs and psychiatrists, and initial takeup has been very strong. Mrs. A would be a typical patient for such a referral. However, she would not fulfill criteria for priority access from state-funded mental health services. Mrs. A would probably consult a GP and receive antidepressants, although she may also access a range of other community support programs. Access to and acceptance of psychotherapy would be greater in urban areas, and if she were of Anglo-Saxon and non-indigenous origin.

  8. Illness, body and relationship: Giovanni Jervis and the field of clinical psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Riccardo

    2012-01-01

    Unlike most of his contemporaries, Jervis felt it was necessary to give new answers to last century's clinical psychology crisis. He managed to show the relevance that psychological knowledge coming from other sectors (such as philosophy, evolutionary biology, cybernetics, ethology and, nowadays, neuroscience) could have for clinical psychology. He realized that the clinical world was at risk of loosing its cultural models of reference and threatened to break up with the scientific tradition with which it had not been able to establish a profitable dialogue. Jervis' views on mental functioning allowed him to delimit the field of action of clinical psychology. The focus on pathology and existential distress suggested that correct clinical evaluation and diagnosis are at the core of the activity of clinical psychologists. The tension between relational expectations, self-deceptive aspects of identity and the bodily sources of mental life show the dynamic field on which clinical psychology can deploy its transformative action.

  9. Familicide from a clinical-community psychology perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. W. Pretorius-Heuchert

    1992-03-01

    Full Text Available In this article familicide and homicide-suicide acts in South Africa and elsewhere are discussed. Issues that are considered include the following: the definition of familicide, the incidence of cases, population groups involved, the role of suicide, the role of psychopathology, familial versus nonfamilial murderers, the influence of stress, male proprietariness in combination with an exaggerated sense of responsibility, age and gender, and sociopolitical influences. A n attempt is made to integrate the personal and societal factors of familicide from a clinical-community psychology perspective, relying specifically on the theories of Frantz Fanon and Hussein Bulhan. It is proposed that an understanding of the oppressor-oppressed relationship, as well as threats to that relationship, may shed light on the current high rate of familicide that occurs mostly among white Afrikaner, South African males, and their families.

  10. Confidence Intervals for Effect Sizes: Compliance and Clinical Significance in the "Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odgaard, Eric C.; Fowler, Robert L.

    2010-01-01

    Objective: In 2005, the "Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology" ("JCCP") became the first American Psychological Association (APA) journal to require statistical measures of clinical significance, plus effect sizes (ESs) and associated confidence intervals (CIs), for primary outcomes (La Greca, 2005). As this represents the single largest…

  11. Review of Positive Psychology Applications in Clinical Medical Populations

    OpenAIRE

    Ann Macaskill

    2016-01-01

    This review examines the application of positive psychology concepts in physical health care contexts. Positive psychology aims to promote well-being in the general population. Studies identifying character strengths associated with well-being in healthy populations are numerous. Such strengths have been classified and Positive Psychology Interventions (PPIs) have been created to further develop these strengths in individuals. Positive psychology research is increasingly being undertaken in h...

  12. Frederick Thorne and the Founding of the "Journal of Clinical Psychology."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Charles G.; Wood, Patricia Thorne

    1994-01-01

    In honor of fiftieth anniversary of "Journal of Clinical Psychology," presents historical look at Frederick Thorne who, as World War II was ending, saw need for new mental health professionals to deal with resulting psychological trauma. Describes Thorne's encouragement of clinical psychologists to make research, training, and personnel…

  13. Toward Improved Statistical Reporting in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fidler, Fiona; Cumming, Geoff; Thomason, Neil; Pannuzzo, Dominique; Smith, Julian; Fyffe, Penny; Edmonds, Holly; Harrington, Claire; Schmitt, Rachel

    2005-01-01

    Philip Kendall's (1997) editorial encouraged authors in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology (JCCP) to report effect sizes and clinical significance. The present authors assessed the influence of that editorial--and other American Psychological Association initiatives to improve statistical practices--by examining 239 JCCP articles…

  14. Children's Views Matter Too! A Pilot Project Assessing Children's and Adolescents' Experiences of Clinical Psychology Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Michael; Russo, Kate

    2009-01-01

    This pilot study explored the experiences and understanding of clinical psychology practices and services of children and adolescents attending clinical psychology outpatient appointments. Fifteen young participants took part in the study. A content analysis indicated that young children and adolescents have an appropriate understanding of the…

  15. Leaving behind our preparadigmatic past: Professional psychology as a unified clinical science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melchert, Timothy P

    2016-09-01

    The behavioral and neurosciences have made remarkable progress recently in advancing the scientific understanding of human psychology. Though research in many areas is still in its early stages, knowledge of many psychological processes is now firmly grounded in experimental tests of falsifiable theories and supports a unified, paradigmatic understanding of human psychology that is thoroughly consistent with the rest of the natural sciences. This new body of knowledge poses critical questions for professional psychology, which still often relies on the traditional theoretical orientations and other preparadigmatic practices for guiding important aspects of clinical education and practice. This article argues that professional psychology needs to systematically transition to theoretical frameworks and a curriculum that are based on an integrated scientific understanding of human psychology. Doing so would be of historic importance for the field and would result in major changes to professional psychology education and practice. It would also allow the field to emerge as a true clinical science. (PsycINFO Database Record

  16. Evaluation of psychology practitioner competence in clinical supervision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonsalvez, Craig J; Crowe, Trevor P

    2014-01-01

    There is a growing consensus favouring the development, advancement, and implementation of a competency-based approach for psychology training and supervision. There is wide recognition that skills, attitude-values, and relationship competencies are as critical to a psychologist's competence as are knowledge capabilities, and that these key competencies are best measured during placements, leaving the clinical supervisor in an unparalleled position of advantage to provide formative and summative evaluations on the supervisee's progression towards competence. Paradoxically, a compelling body of literature from across disciplines indicates that supervisor ratings of broad domains of competence are systematically compromised by biases, including leniency error and halo effect. The current paper highlights key issues affecting summative competency evaluations by supervisors: what competencies should be evaluated, who should conduct the evaluation, how (tools) and when evaluations should be conducted, and process variables that affect evaluation. The article concludes by providing research recommendations to underpin and promote future progress and by offering practice recommendations to facilitate a more credible and meaningful evaluation of competence and competencies.

  17. The First Experience of Clinical Practice on Psychology Students’ Imaginary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sueli Regina Gallo-Belluzzo

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Considering the academic development of the psychologist as a complex process which articulates the transmission of scientific knowledge and changes in imaginative activity, we psychoanalytically investigate the collective imaginary of Psychology students regarding the first clinical consultation. We conducted a group interview with 52 undergraduate students, using the Thematic Story-Drawing Procedure as a way to open a dialogical field. The material obtained, through the psychoanalytical method, resulted in the creation/gathering of four affective-emotional meaning fields: “I came, I saw and I conquered”, “I know that I (do not know”, “I survived and I will save” and “I am and I do”, from which we see an emotionally immature imaginary about the meeting with the patient, since students are more self-centered than concerned with the patient. The overall situation indicates the need for care regarding student academic development, in order to encourage a more mature approach toward the suffering of the other.

  18. Practicing what we know: Multicultural counseling competence among clinical psychology trainees and experienced multicultural psychologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sehgal, Radhika; Saules, Karen; Young, Amy; Grey, Melissa J; Gillem, Angela R; Nabors, Nina A; Byrd, Michelle R; Jefferson, Stephen

    2011-01-01

    Multicultural (MC) competence is considered a necessary skill for clinical and counseling psychologists; however, there is little to no research on the assessment of demonstrated multicultural counseling competence (DMCCC) of clinical psychology graduate students. In this study, we developed a MC assessment instrument to assess DMCCC of clinical psychology graduate students compared with MC-experienced psychologists. In addition, we assessed for differences between the endorsement of MC-appropriate strategies and actual use of these strategies in clinical practice, both by MC-experienced psychologists and clinical psychology students. Results revealed significant differences between the DMCCC of clinical psychology graduate students and MC-experienced psychologists. Significant differences also emerged between endorsement of strategies as multiculturally appropriate and likelihood of actual use of these strategies. Findings suggest that future training and competence models should incorporate participants' ability to not only identify multiculturally appropriate strategies but also use these strategies in therapy.

  19. Behavioral medicine and clinical health psychology: introduction to the special issue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen, Alan J; Nezu, Arthur M

    2013-04-01

    This issue represents the 4th Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology special issue on behavioral medicine and clinical health psychology over the past 4 decades. Recent developments in health care policy, as well as in the maturation of the science, make a special issue in this area particularly timely. This collection includes state of the clinical science reviews, reports of clinical trials, and articles addressing theory and methods in behavioral medicine and clinical health psychology. A multilevel, ecological perspective that considers multiple levels of influences (e.g., cultural influences on behavior-health linkages, individual differences) is salient throughout many of the articles. Our hope is that this sampling of this broad field, and coverage of some key issues and areas, will play a role in stimulating the next 10 years of research, practice, and policy implementation in behavioral medicine and clinical health psychology.

  20. Effect of Training in Psychology on the Causal Interpretation of a Clinical Case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilibert, Daniel; Banovic, Ingrid

    2009-01-01

    This paper aims to show how training in psychology leads students (at the beginning and the end of their studies) to consider that psychological disorders result from dispositional factors specific to the patients, particularly in therapeutic failure (fundamental attribution error and hindsight bias). Faced with a clinical case of a somatic…

  1. Lack of political diversity and the framing of findings in personality and clinical psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lilienfeld, Scott O

    2015-01-01

    I extend the arguments of Duarte et al. by examining the implications of political uniformity for the framing of findings in personality and clinical psychology. I argue that the one-sided framing of psychological research on political ideology has limited our understanding of the personality correlates of liberalism and conservatism.

  2. Multicultural Training of Clinical and Counseling Psychology Doctoral Students: Ideals vs. Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Bryana F. C.

    2013-01-01

    The American Psychological Association (APA), which is the advocating body for the field of psychology, emphasizes the importance of multicultural competencies for researchers and clinicians (APA, 2003; 2010). Graduate students are the field's future professionals. The multicultural training of doctoral level clinical and counseling…

  3. Multicultural Grand Rounds: Competency-Based Training Model for Clinical Psychology Graduate Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stites, Shana D.; Warholic, Christina L.

    2014-01-01

    Preparing students to enter the field of psychology as competent professionals requires that multicultural practices be infused into all areas of training. This article describes how the Grand Rounds model was adapted to a graduate clinical psychology training program to foster applied learning in multicultural competence. This extension of Grand…

  4. Video Taping and Abnormal Psychology: Dramatized Clinical Interviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyons, Michael J.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Students in an abnormal psychology course worked in teams to produce dramatizations of diagnostic interviews and then presented them in class. Positive and negative aspects of the activity are discussed. (RM)

  5. Clinical Reasoning in School Psychology: From Assessment to Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrews, Jac J. W.; Syeda, Maisha M.

    2017-01-01

    School psychologists typically conduct psychological and psychoeducational assessments, provide prevention and intervention services, and consult and collaborate with allied professionals (e.g., teachers, physicians, psychiatrists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, social workers, and nurses) and parents toward better understanding and…

  6. The development, facilitation and initial evaluation of a mindfulness group for a clinical psychology training course

    OpenAIRE

    Fisher, Paul; Hemanth, P

    2015-01-01

    This article presents an evaluation of a Mindfulness group facilitate for trainee and qualified psychologists working in a university psychology clinic. the group was shown to have both personal and professional benefits for participants, but further evaluation is required.

  7. Clinical Supervision and Psychological Functions: A New Direction for Theory and Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pajak, Edward

    2002-01-01

    Relates Carl Jung's concept of psychological functions to four families of clinical supervision: the original clinical models, the humanistic/artistic models, the technical/didactic models, and the developmental/reflective models. Differences among clinical supervision models within these families are clarified as representing "communication…

  8. Modeling the relations of ethical leadership and clinical governance with psychological empowerment in nurses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goona Fathi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Ethical leadership appeared as a new approach in the leadership perspective and provided the ground for promoting individual and organizational efficiency by giving priorities to ethics in organizations. In this regard, the present study was conducted with the aim of modeling the relations of ethical leadership and clinical governance with psychological empowerment among nurses of public hospitals in Kermanshah in 2014. Methods: the research method was descriptive survey. The study sample consisted of all nurses (n=550 working in public hospitals of Kermanshah University of Medical Science for whom 163 nurses were selected using simple random sampling. The tools for data collection were ethical leadership, clinical governance and psychology empowerment questionnaires whose validity and reliability were confirmed. The structural equation modeling was used to analyze the data. Results: The results showed a significant relationship between ethical leadership and clinical governance (P<0.01 and psychological empowerment (P<0.01. Moreover, there was a significant correlation between clinical governance and psychological empowerment (P<0.05. Based on the results of the research, ethical leadership directly and through clinical governance affected the nurses’ psychological empowerment (P<0.05. Conclusion: reliance on ethics and ethical leadership in hospitals, in addition to providing the space and ground for improving the effectiveness of clinical governance approach, can promote the feeling of psychological empowerment in nurses. Accordingly, the ethical issues are required to be taken into consideration in hospitals.

  9. ["Psychological employees" in psychiatry. The establishment of clinical psychology at the example of Lilo Süllwolds diagnostic efforts to incipient schizophrenia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rzesnitzek, Lara

    2015-01-01

    Lilo Süllwold (*1930) was the first psychologist in the German Federal Republic to acquire habilitation for Clinical Psychology at a Medical Faculty. However, she had already been appointed professor for Clinical Psychology following to a new University Act implementing the recommendations of the National Council of Science and Humanities. Her habilitation treatise to justify the initial professorship appointment centered on a self-made questionnaire as a diagnostic tool for beginning schizophrenia. The manner how the questionnaire together with the politico-scientific structural changes at the German Federal universities endowed the young psychologist with a carrier in psychiatry, is an illuminating example of psychology's way into psychiatry: the institutionalization and professionalization of Clinical Psychology in psychiatry since the end of the 1950s up to the end of the 1970s. In a comparative perspective on the developments of Clinical Psychology in the German Democratic Republic, the example demonstrates not only the role of new psychological theories und methods in research and clinic in enabling the entry of the new profession into psychiatry, but also the importance of initial socio-economic and socio-politic frame conditions and decisions. The negotiation of the scope or limits of competences between doctors and psychologists created more than a professional niche inside the clinic; it changed psychiatry and psychology as academic branches in their structures due to the establishment of new Clinical Psychology departments. The role of the psychologist turned from a doctor's "assistant" into a colleague at "eye level".

  10. Chronic widespread pain : clinical comorbidities and psychological correlates

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Burri, Andrea; Ogata, Soshiro; Vehof, Jelle; Williams, Frances

    2015-01-01

    Recent studies have provided consistent evidence for a genetic influence on chronic widespread pain (CWP). The aim of this study was to investigate (1) the etiological structure underlying CWP by examining the covariation between CWP and psychological comorbidities and psychoaffective correlates and

  11. Psychological Center as a Foundation for the Practical Training of Clinical psychologists at the Saint-Petersburg State University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekaterina A Burina

    2016-05-01

    In overall, the Psychological Center with its long-term experience of preparation and practical skills training for the students of the Clinical Psychology specialty, has proven its necessity, relevance, and effectiveness.

  12. Positive Clinical Psychology: a new vision and strategy for integrated research and practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Alex M; Tarrier, Nicholas

    2010-11-01

    This review argues for the development of a Positive Clinical Psychology, which has an integrated and equally weighted focus on both positive and negative functioning in all areas of research and practice. Positive characteristics (such as gratitude, flexibility, and positive emotions) can uniquely predict disorder beyond the predictive power of the presence of negative characteristics, and buffer the impact of negative life events, potentially preventing the development of disorder. Increased study of these characteristics can rapidly expand the knowledge base of clinical psychology and utilize the promising new interventions to treat disorder through promoting the positive. Further, positive and negative characteristics cannot logically be studied or changed in isolation as (a) they interact to predict clinical outcomes, (b) characteristics are neither "positive" or "negative", with outcomes depending on specific situation and concomitant goals and motivations, and (c) positive and negative well-being often exist on the same continuum. Responding to criticisms of the Positive Psychology movement, we do not suggest the study of positive functioning as a separate field of clinical psychology, but rather that clinical psychology itself changes to become a more integrative discipline. An agenda for research and practice is proposed including reconceptualizing well-being, forming stronger collaborations with allied disciplines, rigorously evaluating the new positive interventions, and considering a role for clinical psychologists in promoting well-being as well as treating distress.

  13. Archetypal facets: analysis of clinical case supporting the Analytical Psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Odéssia Fernanda Gomes de Assis

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a case study of a patient who came to us complaining of difficulties within the family due to the fact that he could not deny anything to people. The case was analyzed based on the framework of Analytical Psychology, founded mainly on Carl Gustav Jung. Psychological counseling sessions were held, and after the sessions, theoretical approaches have been made based on the material presented by the patient. The interventions were performed with the goal of enabling the patient and insights she sought other ways to position themselves in the world and to relate to the people around. Over the course of the sessions, the patient was able to construct a context in which allow and deny more in accordance with their abilities and possibilities.

  14. Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackmore, Susan; Fouad, Nadya; Kagan, Jerome; Kosslyn, Stephen; Posner, Michael; Sternburg, Robert; Driscoll, Marcy; Ge, Xun; Parrish, Patrick

    2013-01-01

    Scholars representing the field of psychology were asked to identify what they considered to be the most exciting and imaginative work currently being done in their field, as well as how that work might change our understanding. The scholars included Susan Blackmore, Nadya Fouad, Jerome Kagan, Stephen Kosslyn, Michael Posner, and Robert Sternberg.…

  15. [Pinocchio and the unattained identity: Jervis' contribution to child clinical psychology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meacci, Stefano

    2012-01-01

    Giovanni Jervis is mainly known as a psychiatrist, but he also worked on psychological methodology and tackled important issues in clinical psychology. This essay describes the concept of personal identity elaborated by Jervis and its importance in Child Clinical Psychology. The problems related to personal identity appear very early in Jervis' work, influenced by the ethnologist Ernesto De Martino. His first considerations are found in his Preface to The Adventures of Pinocchio by Carlo Collodi (1968), in which Jervis describes the unhappy upbringing, the anti-social behaviour, and the unattained identity of the wooden puppet. Subsequently, in Presenza e identith (1984), Fondamenti di Psicologia Dinamica (1993) and La conquista dell'identith (1997), Jervis dealt with the theme of identity from a Dynamic Psychology perspective, showing that the formation of personal identity is a basic aspect of the development of the individual that starts in early childhood.

  16. It's time to Rework the Blueprints: Building a Science for Clinical Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millon, Theodore

    2003-01-01

    The aims in this article are to connect the conceptual structure of clinical psychological science to what the author believes to be the omnipresent principles of evolution, use the evolutionary model to create a deductively derived clinical theory and taxonomy, link the theory and taxonomy to comprehensive and integrated approaches to assessment,…

  17. Clinical and scientific progress related to the interface between cardiology and psychology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Erdman, R A M; Pedersen, Susanne S.

    2011-01-01

    in need of repair, combined with the understanding that the heart and mind interact to affect health. The present selective review addresses the broad range of contributions of 35 years of psychology to clinical cardiology and cardiovascular research with a focus on research, teaching, psychological...... screening and patient care. The review ends with lessons to be learned and challenges for the future with respect to improving the care and management of patients with heart disease in order to enhance secondary prevention and the role of behavioural and psychological factors in this endeavour....

  18. Apartheid and post-apartheid intern clinical psychology training in South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pillay, Anthony L

    2009-12-01

    An analysis of race and sex of clinical psychology interns was undertaken at a major training hospital complex during the Apartheid and Post-apartheid periods. 7 of 87 (8.1%) interns trained in the apartheid period were Black African. Significantly more Black Africans and women were trained during the Post-apartheid period. The results were discussed within the context of South Africa's social and political transition, as well as international trends relating to sex and professional psychology.

  19. Assessment of positive functioning in clinical psychology: theoretical and practical issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, Stephen; Wood, Alex

    2010-11-01

    Positive psychology has led to an increasing emphasis on the promotion of positive functioning in clinical psychology research and practice, raising issues of how to assess the positive in clinical setting. Three key considerations are presented. First, existing clinical measures may already be assessing positive functioning, if positive and negative functioning exist on a single continuum (such as on bipolar dimensions from happiness to depression, and from anxiety to relaxation). Second, specific measures of positive functioning (e.g., eudemonic well-being) could be used in conjunction with existing clinical scales. Third, completely different measures would be needed depending on whether well-being is defined as emotional or medical functioning, or as humanistically orientated growth (e.g., authenticity). It is important that clinical psychologists introduce positive functioning into their research and practice in order to widen their armoury of therapeutic interventions, but in doing so researchers and practitioners need also to be aware that they are shifting the agenda of clinical psychology. As such, progress in clinical psychology moving toward the adoption of positive functioning requires reflection on epistemological foundations.

  20. Borders and Modal Articulations. Semiotic Constructs of Sensemaking Processes Enabling a Fecund Dialogue Between Cultural Psychology and Clinical Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Luca Picione, Raffaele; Freda, Maria Francesca

    2016-03-01

    The notion of the border is an interesting advancement in research on the processes of meaning making within the cultural psychology. The development of this notion in semiotic key allows to handle with adequate complexity construction, transformation, stability and the breakup of the relationship between person/world/otherness. These semiotic implications have already been widely discussed and exposed by authors such Valsiner (2007, 2014), Neuman (2003, 2008), Simão (Culture & Psychology, 9, 449-459, 2003, Theory & Psychology, 15, 549-574, 2005, 2015), with respect to issues of identity/relatedness, inside/outside, stability/change in the irreversible flow of the time. In this work, after showing some of the basics of such semiotic notion of border, we discuss the processes of construction and transformation of borders through the modal articulation, defined as the contextual positioning that the person assumes with respect to the establishment of a boundary in terms of necessity, obligation, willingness, possibility, permission, ability. This modal subjective positioning acquires considerable interest from the clinical point of view since its degree of plasticity vs that of rigidity is the basis of processes of development or stiffening of relations between person/world/otherness.

  1. The clinical differential approach of Sante De Sanctis in Italian "scientific" psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lombardo, Giovanni Pietro; Cicciola, Elisabetta

    2006-01-01

    Sante De Sanctis, a psychiatrist and psychologist, is one of the most representative figures of Italian "scientific" psychology. He is considered one of the founders of the discipline as well as one of its main protagonists in the years between the two World Wars. Both with his extensive scientific productions (which include more than three hundred works) and with his uninterrupted institutional activity, he has left his significant mark on the history of Italian psychology. He was the first professor of Experimental Psychology and was internationally known: some of his works have been published in French, Swiss, American, German, Scandinavian, and English journals, and some of his volumes have been translated into English and German. Together with the other psychologists of the second generation (Binet, Külpe, Münsterberg, Stern, Claparède, Ebbinghaus), he was the Italian psychologist who decided to enrich the classical paradigm of Wundt's physiological psychology, by developing during the twentieth century the program of methodological and epistemological enlargement of the discipline. In his fundamental treatise Psicologia Sperimentale, written in 1929-30, a clear modern conception of psychology emerged: it jointly included both the generalist aspect (with some studies on psychophysical proportionality, thought mimicry, dreams, attention, emotions, etc.) and the applicative one, which included psychopathology, labor psychology, educational psychology, and criminal psychology, all seen in a general experimental framework. The present paper aims precisely to highlight the originality of De Sanctis' experimentalism that applied the differential clinical approach to the discipline of psychology, causing it for the first time in Italy to be seen in a unitary way as both general and applied psychology.

  2. Assessing mental imagery in clinical psychology: a review of imagery measures and a guiding framework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearson, David G; Deeprose, Catherine; Wallace-Hadrill, Sophie M A; Burnett Heyes, Stephanie; Holmes, Emily A

    2013-02-01

    Mental imagery is an under-explored field in clinical psychology research but presents a topic of potential interest and relevance across many clinical disorders, including social phobia, schizophrenia, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder. There is currently a lack of a guiding framework from which clinicians may select the domains or associated measures most likely to be of appropriate use in mental imagery research. We adopt an interdisciplinary approach and present a review of studies across experimental psychology and clinical psychology in order to highlight the key domains and measures most likely to be of relevance. This includes a consideration of methods for experimentally assessing the generation, maintenance, inspection and transformation of mental images; as well as subjective measures of characteristics such as image vividness and clarity. We present a guiding framework in which we propose that cognitive, subjective and clinical aspects of imagery should be explored in future research. The guiding framework aims to assist researchers in the selection of measures for assessing those aspects of mental imagery that are of most relevance to clinical psychology. We propose that a greater understanding of the role of mental imagery in clinical disorders will help drive forward advances in both theory and treatment.

  3. Reconciling the Professional and Student Identities of Clinical Psychology Trainees

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKenzie, Karen; Cossar, Jill A.; Fawns, Tim; Murray, Aja L.

    2013-01-01

    The study explored the ways in which qualified and trainee clinical psychologists perceived professional behaviour, as illustrated in a series of short vignettes, in student and clinical practice contexts. Comparisons were made to identify the extent to which ideas of professionalism differed across different learning contexts and between…

  4. The interface of self psychology, infant research, and neuroscience in clinical practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rustin, Judith

    2009-04-01

    This article focuses on the integration of self psychology with findings from infant research and neuroscience. While Kohut's psychology of the self provides a useful theoretical model for psychoanalytic practice, aspects of infant research and neuroscience offer specificity and nuance to basic self-psychological concepts. Kohut proposed that self-psychological psychoanalysis ameliorates derailed development through patient-analyst interaction, while a listening stance of empathic immersion begins the curative process of derailed development and sets the stage for reparative psychoanalytic work. Findings from infant research delineate much more specifically the nature of attunement both in early mother-infant and analyst-patient interactions. Findings from neuroscientific research delineate how early mother-infant experiences are encoded in implicit memory and explicates the emotional substrate of affects and feelings. This emotional substrate exists at birth and provides a means of communication both in infancy and adulthood. Additionally, infant research delineates the mutuality of the interactive process. Thus, both infant research and neuroscience add subtlety and nuance to basic self-psychological concepts. This subtlety opens up new ways of understanding patients and expands the clinical repertoire. Three clinical vignettes demonstrate how this nuance and expansion of self-psychological concepts are applied in the context of an ongoing psychoanalytic treatment.

  5. Delivering the nuts without the bolts: the plight of clinical psychology practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cummings, Nicholas A

    2005-09-01

    A vision as bold as that expressed by C.R. Snyder and Timothy R. Elliott in their target article, "Twenty-First Century Graduate Education in Clinical Psychology: A Four Level Matrix Model" (this issue, pp 1033-1054), should make the long-awaited breakthrough in training that would include development, implementation, and evaluation of large-scale health delivery systems. The realization that clinical psychology is part of the health care industry, and not just psychotherapy or mental health, would enable psychologists to go beyond the laboratory and become important decision makers in the health care arena and thus command a greater share of health care funding.

  6. Postgraduate Clinical Psychology Students' Perceptions of an Acceptance and Commitment Therapy Stress Management Intervention and Clinical Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pakenham, Kenneth I.; Stafford-Brown, Johanna

    2013-01-01

    Background: Research into stress management interventions for clinical psychology trainees (CPTs) is limited, despite evidence indicating that these individuals are at risk for elevated stress, which can negatively impact personal and professional functioning. This study explored: (1) CPTs' perceptions of a previously evaluated Acceptance and…

  7. Postgraduate Clinical Psychology Students' Perceptions of an Acceptance and Commitment Therapy Stress Management Intervention and Clinical Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pakenham, Kenneth I.; Stafford-Brown, Johanna

    2013-01-01

    Background: Research into stress management interventions for clinical psychology trainees (CPTs) is limited, despite evidence indicating that these individuals are at risk for elevated stress, which can negatively impact personal and professional functioning. This study explored: (1) CPTs' perceptions of a previously evaluated Acceptance and…

  8. The clinical practice with difficult patients in the collective imaginary of psychology students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heloisa Aguetoni Cambuí

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The conducts that occur in the context of intersubjectivity are arranged from unconscious psychological fields which influence individual and collective practices. Therefore, it becomes important to consider the collective imagination of psychology students as this may interfere about the exercise of their clinical practice. The aim of this study was to investigate the collective imaginary of psychology students about the clinical practice with patients considered difficult in the analytic setting. Based on the psychoanalytic method, this research utilized the Procedure of Drawings-Stories with Theme in group interview, for the purpose of discuss on the vicissitudes of contemporary clinical work with these patients. In the present study, participated eight undergraduates of the eighth semester of a psychology course.The resulting material of the interview constituted by drawings-stories and the narrative was psychoanalytically analyzed, in the light of the Multiple Fields Theory proposed by Herrmann and in dialogue with the winnicottian thought, allowing to apprehend the follows fields of affective-emotional meaning: “Insecurity”, “Perfect Therapist”, “Mutuality”, “Experience”, “Negation of Madness” and “Madness as tal”. In general the imaginary manifestations of psychology students constitute the analytic relationship with the difficult patients by mobilizing feelings of insecurity, distress, anxiety, incapacity and helplessness.

  9. Clinical psychology students' perceptions of diversity training: a study of exposure and satisfaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Debbie; Callands, Tamora A; Radcliffe, Alison M; Luebbe, Aaron M; Klonoff, Elizabeth A

    2009-10-01

    This study examined clinical psychology graduate students' definitions of diversity and their perceptions of their exposure to and satisfaction regarding their level of diversity training. Four hundred and ninety-one students from Counsel of University Directors of Clinical Psychology (CUDCP) member programs completed an online survey. Overall, students perceived that their programs considered diversity narrowly, concentrating primarily on ethnicity, race, and culture to the neglect of sexual orientation, religion, language, and physical disability. Likewise, students expressed greater satisfaction with training regarding ethnicity/race and gender than broader areas of diversity, but rated the importance of addressing all areas of diversity as high. Although this study underscores the limited experience that students perceive they have had with various underrepresented groups, programs appear to have incorporated a variety of diversity training modalities that could be expanded upon to meet the interests of psychology students.

  10. What Comes before Report Writing? Attending to Clinical Reasoning and Thinking Errors in School Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilcox, Gabrielle; Schroeder, Meadow

    2015-01-01

    Psychoeducational assessment involves collecting, organizing, and interpreting a large amount of data from various sources. Drawing upon psychological and medical literature, we review two main approaches to clinical reasoning (deductive and inductive) and how they synergistically guide diagnostic decision-making. In addition, we discuss how the…

  11. [The importance of social psychological and clinical factors for prescribing group psychotherapy for neurosis patients].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grineva, I M; Khokholeva, A A; Obora, V V; Karagodina, E G; Lazarenko, A N

    1989-11-01

    Socio-psychological and clinical factors and their significance for group psychotherapy were investigated in 62 patients with neuroses. The obtained statistically valid differences of some characteristic aspects between groups of patients with positive and negative directives. This indicates the necessity of differential approach to group psychotherapy and active individual and group work on the creation of positive motivation to this type of treatment.

  12. Religion and Spirituality within Counselling/Clinical Psychology Training Programmes: A Systematic Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jafari, Simon

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, there have been increasing efforts to attend to religious and spiritual issues within clinical/counselling psychology. However, there is limited research demonstrating how successfully such content is integrated into existing training programmes. This investigation sought to review primary research literature related to training…

  13. Cliques and Cohesion in a Clinical Psychology Graduate Cohort: A Longitudinal Social Network Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kunze, Kimberley Annette

    2013-01-01

    To date, no published research has utilized social network analysis (SNA) to analyze graduate cohorts in clinical psychology. The purpose of this research is to determine how issues of likability among students correlate with other measures, such as disclosure, health, spiritual maturity, help in projects, familiarity, and ease of providing…

  14. Psychological, Relational, and Biological Correlates of Ego-Dystonic Masturbation in a Clinical Setting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Castellini, PhD, MD

    2016-09-01

    Conclusion: Clinicians should consider that some subjects seeking treatment in a sexual medicine setting might report compulsive sexual behaviors. EM represents a clinically relevant cause of disability, given the high level of psychological distress reported by subjects with this condition, and the severe impact on quality of life in interpersonal relationships.

  15. Survey Response Rates and Survey Administration in Counseling and Clinical Psychology: A Meta-Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Horn, Pamela S.; Green, Kathy E.; Martinussen, Monica

    2009-01-01

    This article reports results of a meta-analysis of survey response rates in published research in counseling and clinical psychology over a 20-year span and describes reported survey administration procedures in those fields. Results of 308 survey administrations showed a weighted average response rate of 49.6%. Among possible moderators, response…

  16. Factors That Help and Hinder Scientific Training in Counseling and Clinical Psychology Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marks, Margaret M.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this dissertation is to better understand scientific training within clinical and counseling psychology doctoral programs. A primary goal is to extend previous research by expanding the scientific training outcome variables from research interest and productivity to include additional characteristics of scientific mindedness such as…

  17. Cross-Gender Mentorship in Clinical Psychology Doctoral Programs: An Exploratory Survey Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harden, Sherry L.; Clark, Richard A.; Johnson, W. Brad; Larson, Joshua

    2009-01-01

    The mentorship experiences of recent clinical psychology doctorates reporting a primary mentor in graduate school were assessed by means of a survey. Among 518 responding psychologists, male graduates were significantly more likely to have a same-gender mentor, and female graduates were more likely to report receiving support from mentors of both…

  18. Cultural Responsivity in Clinical Psychology Graduate Students: A Developmental Approach to the Prediction of Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berrin, Sebastian Everett

    2010-01-01

    This study used a mixed-method approach to examine students' experiences in multicultural training and their opinions about various aspects of their course(s). A developmental model of learning was employed to analyze results. More specifically, this study explored the relationship between clinical psychology doctoral students' self-reported…

  19. White Clinical Psychology Trainees' Views on Racial Equity within Programme Selection in South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Traub, Craig M.; Swartz, Leslie

    2013-01-01

    The issue of diversity in both physical and epistemological access to programmes in higher education is an important concern worldwide. In South Africa, as elsewhere, access to professional clinical psychology training programmes is extremely competitive, and there is an important imperative to diversify the student profile. Perspectives of black…

  20. Recognizing Business Issues in Professional Psychology for Clinical PsyD Trainees and Early Career Psychologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maciel, Michelle

    2012-01-01

    The largest number of licensed psychologists are centralized in California. More PsyD than PhD degrees in clinical psychology are now awarded, and California houses 16 of the 59 APA-accredited programs. Post-millennia Early Career Psychologists (ECPs) typically accumulate over $120,000 in education debt, and may be concerned with the cost-benefit…

  1. Suicidal Behaviors among Clients at an Outpatient Psychology Clinic versus the General Population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linehan, Marsha M.; Laffaw, Julie A.

    1982-01-01

    Compared suicidal behaviors among two populations in the same geographical area: clients at a psychology clinic versus individuals from the general population. In both samples, 10 percent of the individuals reported prior parasuicidal behavior; the two populations were also quite similar on reports of prior suicidal ideation. (JAC)

  2. Insider's Guide to Graduate Programs in Clinical and Counseling Psychology. 2006/2007 Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayne, Tracy J.; Norcross, John C.; Sayette, Michael A.

    2006-01-01

    Now in its 2006-2007 edition, this perennial bestseller is the resource students count on for the most current information on applying to doctoral programs in clinical or counseling psychology. The Insider's Guide presents up-to-date facts on 300 accredited programs in the United States and Canada. Each program's profile includes admissions…

  3. Ethnic Diversity in Clinical Psychology: Recruitment and Admission Practices among Doctoral Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munoz-Dunbar, Rocio; Stanton, Annette L.

    1999-01-01

    Examines graduate recruitment and admissions processes for ethnic minority students in clinical psychology by surveying graduate admissions directors. Reports that 98% of programs reported efforts to recruit minority applicants with 82% using flexible criteria when evaluating applicants; directors identified community characteristics, financial…

  4. A study of patients who go to a psychology clinic seeking treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estupiñá, Francisco José; Labrador, Francisco Javier; García-Vera, María Paz

    2012-03-01

    In order to characterize a typical clinical context, as opposed to an academic or research context, this article will analyze the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of patients who turn to a psychology clinic in need of professional help. This study was conducted using an initial sample of 1,305 patients at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM) Clínica Universitaria de Psicología. Of the sociodemographic characteristics studied, it is noteworthy that the majority of patients were women (65%) and relatively young (the average age is 29.7 years-old). The disorders for which psychological help was most often needed were anxiety and mood disorders and relationship problems, which together made up 50% of cases. In 17.70% of cases, patients had at least one comorbid disorder in addition to the one that brought them to the clinic. The generalizability and implications of the results are discussed.

  5. Future directions in clinical child and adolescent psychology: a Delphi survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Rochelle L; Roberts, Michael C

    2009-10-01

    This study sought to identify the future directions in three domains: clinical practice, research, and training of clinical child and adolescent psychologists in the upcoming decade. Doctoral-level active members in the field were surveyed via a two-round Delphi survey (45 in round 1; 35 in round 2). Evidence-based practice received the greatest consensus by the participants and highest rank in each of the three domains. Other highly ranked clinical practice directions included prevention and early diagnosis and treatment, and clinical services for specific psychological problems. Research directions focused on biological and social factors interactions in the etiology and treatment and specific child and adolescent disorders. In the training domain, major directions included the pursuit of specialty training in child and adolescent psychology and training emphasizing the biological basis of behavior. Implications of these future directions are discussed.

  6. Assessing mental imagery in clinical psychology: A review of imagery measures and a guiding framework

    OpenAIRE

    Pearson, David G.; Deeprose, Catherine; Wallace-Hadrill, Sophie M. A.; Heyes, Stephanie Burnett; Holmes, Emily A.

    2013-01-01

    Mental imagery is an under-explored field in clinical psychology research but presents a topic of potential interest and relevance across many clinical disorders, including social phobia, schizophrenia, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder. There is currently a lack of a guiding framework from which clinicians may select the domains or associated measures most likely to be of appropriate use in mental imagery research. We adopt an interdisciplinary approach and present a review of s...

  7. Psychopharmacology training in clinical psychology: a renewed call for action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Julien, Robert M

    2011-04-01

    Knowledge of psychopharmacology is essential for a clinical psychologist to practice his/her profession, regardless of whether one desires to become licensed to prescribe psychoactive medications. This commentary reiterates a call made almost 20 years ago for all practitioners to gain and utilize this knowledge. Without psychopharmacology knowledge, one is extremely limited in the ability to interact with medical prescribers and to optimally serve their patients as a valued member of the health care team.

  8. 糖尿病临床心理综述%Diabetes Clinical Psychology Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘万宏

    2012-01-01

      diabetes is chronic metabolic diseases, the prevalence of long-term serious threat to the mental health of patients, leading to depression, anxiety, cognitive impairment and other psychological problems. this issue has come to domestic and foreign endocrinology, clinical psychology profession’s attention. therefore, to concern of the mental health of patients with diabetes, effective psychological care and how to improve quality of life of diabetes patients, has become a hot research topic of the medical, clinical psychology. this paper will collate the review on present clinical psychological care of diabetic patients, and present the impact of psychological factors on disease, typical clinical psychological characteristics, mechanisms, and show up some methods of effective guidance for psychological care.%  糖尿病为慢性代谢性疾病,目前尚无法根治,本病迁延不愈,易反复,长期使患者感到不适;容易导致心脏、肾脏、眼底病变等诸多并发症;病程长,治疗费用多给患者造成沉重的经济负担;控制本病对患者的生活习惯要求严格,这些因素都加重了患者的心理负担,导致抑郁、焦虑等一系列心理问题,损害了其心理健康。本病在世界范围内都是常见的内科临床疾病,本病带来的心理健康问题己引起内分泌学界、心理学界等领域研究人员的关注,并成为当今相关领域的热门课题[1,2]。本文将对现有糖尿病患者临床心理护理研究进行整理综述,在心理因素对患病影响、典型临床心理特征、形成机制、心理护理方法提出有效指导。

  9. Evaluation of the William S. Hall Psychiatric Institute Clinical Psychology Internship: a replication and extension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stader, Sandra R; Myers, DeRosset; Forand, Angela Q; Holmes, George R; McNulty, George F; Frey, Linda; Bolton, Staci S

    2010-12-01

    This study extends three earlier investigations involving participants who completed their predoctoral clinical psychology internship at the William S. Hall Psychiatric Institute. Intern graduates (N = 37) evaluated how effectively their internship training prepared them for seven aspects of their current work as practicing psychologists. Participants also rated the relevancy of 24 different internship training experiences to their current work and how much these experiences contributed to their development as clinical psychologists. The present study, in conjunction with the three previous studies, covers most of the 40-year period since the inception of the internship program. Analysis of the current data indicates the internship has improved over time and was deemed an exceptional training experience by its graduates. Findings may be of particular interest to internship directors and faculty interested in improving their training program and those who plan to conduct a self-study to maintain their accreditation for clinical psychology internship.

  10. Psychological interventions for terroristic trauma: prevention, crisis management, and clinical treatment strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Laurence

    2011-01-01

    Terrorist attacks combine features of a criminal assault, a mass casualty disaster and an act of war Accordingly, this article presents a model for prevention, response and recovery from the psychological impact of a terror attack. The nature of terrorism is delineated and the various psychological effects are described, including diagnostic clinical syndromes, as well as individual reactions. Interventions in the immediate aftermath of a terrorist attack include on-scene crisis intervention, short-term psychological stabilization, and longer-term psychotherapeutic approaches. Special techniques are described for individuals, families, children, and large groups of survivors and responders. Finally, the ways that mental health clinicians can serve as valuable consultants to community recovery efforts are discussed.

  11. Top producers of scholarly publications in clinical psychology PhD programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Peter K; Wu, Yelena P; Roberts, Michael C

    2007-12-01

    Publication productivity of 1,927 core faculty members in clinical psychology training programs was tallied over a 5-year period (2000-2004) from their PsycINFO database entries (http://www.apa.org/psycinfo/). The top-producing faculty members are presented with rank by total number of publications and rank by number of peer-reviewed journal articles. In this report, the authors recognize those productive clinical psychologists in accredited clinical programs who have advanced the field through their substantial contributions to the literature base.

  12. 二十一世纪临床心理学的臆测%Viewpoints on the 21st Century Clinical Psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚树桥; 朱熊兆

    2001-01-01

    In the past century there have been major advances in the development of clinical psychology. The article discusses separately the present status and developmental trends of research, training, and practice of clinical psychology. It also offers a projective view on the development of clinical psychology both in China and abroad.

  13. Attitudes toward Substance Abuse Clients: An Empirical Study of Clinical Psychology Trainees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mundon, Chandra R; Anderson, Melissa L; Najavits, Lisa M

    2015-01-01

    Despite the high prevalence of substance use disorder (SUD) and its frequent comorbidity with mental illness, individuals with SUD are less likely to receive effective SUD treatment from mental health practitioners than SUD counselors. Limited competence and interest in treating this clinical population are likely influenced by a lack of formal training in SUD treatment. Using a factorial survey-vignette design that included three clinical vignettes and a supplementary survey instrument, we investigated whether clinical psychology doctoral students differ in their level of negative emotional reactions toward clients with SUD versus major depressive disorder (MDD); whether they differ in their attributions for SUD versus MDD; and how their negative emotional reactions and attributions impact their interest in pursuing SUD clinical work. Participants were 155 clinical psychology graduate-level doctoral students (72% female). Participants endorsed more negative emotional reactions toward clients with SUD than toward clients with MDD. They were also more likely to identify poor willpower as the cause for SUD than for MDD. More than a third reported interest in working with SUD populations. Highest levels of interest were associated with prior professional and personal experience with SUD, four to six years of clinical experience, and postmodern theoretical orientation.

  14. Expanding the Aperture of Psychological Assessment: Introduction to the Special Section on Innovative Clinical Assessment Technologies and Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trull, Timothy J.

    2007-01-01

    Contemporary psychological assessment is dominated by tried-and-true methods like clinical interviewing, self-report questionnaires, intellectual assessment, and behavioral observation. These approaches have served as the mainstays of psychological assessment for decades. To be sure, these methods have survived over the years because clinicians…

  15. Integrating research into clinical internship training bridging the science/practice gap in pediatric psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McQuaid, Elizabeth L; Spirito, Anthony

    2012-03-01

    Existing literature highlights a critical gap between science and practice in clinical psychology. The internship year is a "capstone experience"; training in methods of scientific evaluation should be integrated with the development of advanced clinical competencies. We provide a rationale for continued exposure to research during the clinical internship year, including, (a) critical examination and integration of the literature regarding evidence-based treatment and assessment, (b) participation in faculty-based and independent research, and (c) orientation to the science and strategy of grantsmanship. Participation in research provides exposure to new empirical models and can foster the development of applied research questions. Orientation to grantsmanship can yield an initial sense of the "business of science." Internship provides an important opportunity to examine the challenges to integrating the clinical evidence base into professional practice; for that reason, providing research exposure on internship is an important strategy in training the next generation of pediatric psychologists.

  16. Comparison of four types of diet using clinical, laboratory and psychological studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lockie, A H; Carlson, E; Kipps, M; Thomson, J

    1985-07-01

    Thirty-seven people of different dietary habits-vegans, ovolactovegetarians, whole-food omnivores and average omnivores-were studied using nine-day weighed food intakes, clinical and laboratory assessments, standard psychology questionnaires, measurements of urinary cortisol and catecholamine levels and questionnaires on life-style and health factors. The vegan diet most clearly approximated current thinking on diet, as expressed in the NACNE Report, but was deficient in vitamin D, riboflavin, and vitamin B12. Cholesterol levels were significantly higher in both diet and serum in all groups compared with the vegans. There was no significant difference in social background, money spent on food, exercise, smoking, stress levels or psychological parameters between groups.

  17. The role of psychology in a pediatric outpatient cardiology setting: preliminary results from a new clinical program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brosig, Cheryl; Yang, Kai; Hoffmann, Raymond G; Dasgupta, Mahua; Mussatto, Kathleen

    2014-12-01

    The aim of this study was to provide a descriptive analysis of a new clinical program integrating psychology services within a pediatric outpatient cardiology clinic. Patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) (n = 79) were referred for psychological services by their pediatric cardiologist. Parents completed the child behavior checklist, and the pediatric quality of life inventory generic core scales (PedsQL parent report). Teachers completed the teacher report form. Reasons for referral included: emotional problems (29%); attention problems (25%); learning problems (22%); behavior problems (16%); and developmental delay (8%). Parents and teachers reported higher rates of behavior problems and lower quality of life scores than the general population. Psychological evaluation suggested that incorporating a psychologist within a pediatric cardiology clinic may be beneficial for children with CHD in order to optimize their psychosocial functioning. Practice implications for implementing psychology services within a pediatric outpatient cardiology program are discussed.

  18. Clinical instructors' perceptions of structural and psychological empowerment in academic nursing environments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiens, Sandra; Babenko-Mould, Yolanda; Iwasiw, Carroll

    2014-05-01

    The study purpose was to explore clinical instructors' (CIs') perceptions of empowerment in academic nursing environments. Clinical instructors, often part-time faculty, facilitate learning in professional practice environments. However, they also need to function within the academic environment to learn about the curriculum and how students are to be evaluated. The qualitative description method was used to obtain an understanding of CIs' empowerment experiences and to interpret their perceptions within the frameworks of Kanter's structural empowerment and Spreitzer's psychological empowerment theories. Eight CIs from two nursing programs were interviewed for this study. The empowerment components of support and confidence were important, yet insufficient, in CIs' perceptions of their role effectiveness. An implication for CIs was slow development of confidence in their ability to facilitate student learning that was consistent with curriculum goals. Recommendations for CIs and academic faculty are offered to support and retain clinical faculty.

  19. Clinical and psychological repercussions of videolaparoscopic tubal ligation: observational, single cohort, retrospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Spadoto Dias

    Full Text Available CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Tubal ligation is one of the most commonly used contraceptive methods worldwide. Since the controversy over the potential effects of tubal sterilization still continues, this study aimed to evaluate the clinical and psychological repercussions of videolaparoscopic tubal ligation.DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational, single cohort, retrospective study, conducted in a tertiary public hospital.METHODS: A questionnaire was applied to 130 women aged 21-46 years who underwent videolaparoscopic tubal ligation by means of tubal ring insertion or bipolar electrocoagulation and sectioning, between January 1999 and December 2007. Menstrual cycle interval, intensity and duration of bleeding, premenstrual symptoms, dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, noncyclic pelvic pain and degree of sexual satisfaction were assessed in this questionnaire. Each woman served as her own control, and comparisons were made between before and after the surgical procedure and between the two techniques used.RESULTS: The clinical and psychological repercussions were significant, with increases in bleeding (P = 0.001, premenstrual symptoms (P < 0.001, dysmenorrhea (P = 0.019 and noncyclic pelvic pain (P = 0.001; and reductions in the number of sexual intercourse occurrences per week (P = 0.001 and in libido (P = 0.001. Women aged ≤ 35 years at the time of sterilization were more likely to develop menstrual abnormalities. The bipolar electrocoagulation method showed greater clinical and psychological repercussions.CONCLUSION: Regardless of the technique used, videolaparoscopic tubal ligation had repercussions consisting of increased menstrual flow and premenstrual symptoms, especially in women aged ≤ 35 years, and also had a negative influence on sexual activity.

  20. Empirically supported treatments for panic disorder with agoraphobia in a Spanish psychology clinic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballesteros, Francisco; Labrador, Francisco J

    2014-10-27

    The aim of this work is to study the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed with Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia (PD/Ag), as well as the characteristics of the treatment and its results and cost in a University Psychology Clinic. Fifty patients demanded psychological assistance for PD/Ag; 80% were women, with an average age of 29.22 years (SD = 9.03). Mean number of evaluation sessions was 3.26 (SD = 1.03), and of treatment sessions, 13.39 (SD = 9.237). Of the patients, 83.33% were discharged (that is, questionnaire scores were below the cut-off point indicated by the authors, and no PD/Ag was observed at readministration of the semistructured interview), 5.5% refused treatment, and 11% were dropouts. The average number of treatment sessions of patients who achieved therapeutic success was 15.13 (SD = 8.98). Effect sizes (d) greater than 1 were obtained in all the scales. Changes in all scales were significant (p < .05). The estimated cost of treatment for patients who achieved therapeutic success was 945.12€. The treatment results are at least similar to those of studies of efficacy and effectiveness for PD/Ag. The utility of generalizing treatments developed in research settings to a welfare clinic is discussed.

  1. Mindfulness and Emotion Regulation: Insights from Neurobiological, Psychological, and Clinical Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guendelman, Simón; Medeiros, Sebastián; Rampes, Hagen

    2017-01-01

    There is increasing interest in the beneficial clinical effects of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs). Research has demonstrated their efficacy in a wide range of psychological conditions characterized by emotion dysregulation. Neuroimaging studies have evidenced functional and structural changes in a myriad of brain regions mainly involved in attention systems, emotion regulation, and self-referential processing. In this article we review studies on psychological and neurobiological correlates across different empirically derived models of research, including dispositional mindfulness, mindfulness induction, MBIs, and expert meditators in relation to emotion regulation. From the perspective of recent findings in the neuroscience of emotion regulation, we discuss the interplay of top-down and bottom-up emotion regulation mechanisms associated with different mindfulness models. From a phenomenological and cognitive perspective, authors have argued that mindfulness elicits a “mindful emotion regulation” strategy; however, from a clinical perspective, this construct has not been properly differentiated from other strategies and interventions within MBIs. In this context we propose the distinction between top-down and bottom-up mindfulness based emotion regulation strategies. Furthermore, we propose an embodied emotion regulation framework as a multilevel approach for understanding psychobiological changes due to mindfulness meditation regarding its effect on emotion regulation. Finally, based on clinical neuroscientific evidence on mindfulness, we open perspectives and dialogues regarding commonalities and differences between MBIs and other psychotherapeutic strategies for emotion regulation. PMID:28321194

  2. Mental health problems of men attending district-level clinical psychology services in South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Dylan J; Pillay, Anthony L

    2009-06-01

    Over a 1-yr. period, 70 men attended district level clinical psychology services in Msunduzi, South Africa. The mean age was 35.9 yr., and 80% had secondary education. Only 65.7% attended of their own accord. 51% were unemployed, 71.4% had financial problems, 44.3% admitted to substance abuse, 74.3% reported relationship problems, and 14.3% admitted to being violent toward their partners. Suicidal ideation was the commonest referral problem, while mood disorder was the most frequent diagnosis. Clinicians estimated that 75.7% of these men had low self-esteem. 45.8% (34) perceived their partner as disengaged, enmeshed, or oppressive.

  3. [Resource activation in clinical psychology and psychotherapy: review of theoretical issues and current research].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Groß, L J; Stemmler, M; de Zwaan, M

    2012-08-01

    This review summarises theoretical issues and current research on working with clients' resources and strengths in clinical psychology and psychotherapy. Resource activation is considered as an important common factor in psychotherapy. In general, resource activation means an explicit focus on resources, strengths and potentials of the clients. After defining the term resources, considerations with regard to therapeutic attitude, principles of resource activation, approaches to resource diagnostics and different research strategies are presented. Current research focuses especially on the relation between resource activation and process variables in out-patient treatment.

  4. Why clinical psychology needs process research: an examination of four methodologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhodes, Paul

    2012-10-01

    This paper advocates for process research as a valid source of evidence in clinical psychology, research that focuses on why and how therapy works, both across the course of treatment and in the minutiae of interactions between therapist and client. Process research is consistent with the aims of the scientist-practitioner model, supporting the provision of practical and realistic guidance to clinicians. Specific examples of methods are provided, including the analysis of mechanisms of change, patient-focused research, conversational analysis and interpersonal process recall.

  5. Mentoring ethnic minority counseling and clinical psychology students: A multicultural, ecological, and relational model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Anne W; Yeh, Christine J; Krumboltz, John D

    2015-10-01

    The aim of the current study was to understand the role of race and culture in successful mentoring relationships in graduate school. We examined the practices of 9 faculty mentors working with 15 ethnic minority doctoral students in counseling and clinical psychology. Grounded theory was used to discern unifying patterns and to formulate a theory of multicultural mentoring. Five overall themes significant to multicultural mentoring emerged: (a) career support and guidance tailored for ethnic minorities, (b) relationality between mentors and protégés, (c) significance of contexts, (d) interconnections across contexts, and (e) multidirectionality of interactions between contexts. The 5 themes combined to form a multicultural, ecological, and relational model of mentoring. Our findings suggest that mentoring ethnic minority students can be successful, productive, and satisfying for both mentors and protégés when mentors possess the necessary skills, time, commitment, and multicultural competencies. Implications for doctoral programs in counseling and clinical psychology are discussed, along with recommendations for future research directions.

  6. Clinical, psychological and environmental predictors of prospective suicide events in patients with Bipolar Disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antypa, Niki; Antonioli, Marco; Serretti, Alessandro

    2013-11-01

    Patients with Bipolar Disorder (BD) have high rates of suicide compared to the general population. The present study investigates the predictive power of baseline clinical, psychological and environmental characteristics as risk factors of prospective suicide events (attempts and completions). Data was collected from the Systematic Treatment Enhancement Program for Bipolar Disorder (STEP-BD) study. 3083 bipolar patients were included in this report, among these 140 (4.6%) had a suicide event (8 died by suicide and 132 attempted suicide). Evaluation and assessment forms were used to collect clinical, psychological and socio-demographic information. Chi-square and independent t-tests were used to evaluate baseline characteristics. Potential prospective predictors were selected on the basis of prior literature and using a screening analysis of all risk factors that were associated with a history of suicide attempt at baseline and were tested using a Cox regression analysis. The strongest predictor of a suicide event was a history of suicide attempt (hazard ratio = 2.60, p-value personality disorder questionnaire and a high percentage of days spent depressed in the year prior to study entry. In conclusion, the present findings may help clinicians to identify patients at high risk for suicidal behavior upon presentation for treatment.

  7. Scientific tools, fake treatments, or triggers for psychological healing: how clinical trial participants conceptualise placebos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bishop, Felicity L; Jacobson, Eric E; Shaw, Jessica R; Kaptchuk, Ted J

    2012-03-01

    Placebos are an essential tool in randomised clinical trials, where they are used to control for bias and contextual healing effects. Placebos and their effects are also studied from multiple diverse perspectives, but the perspectives of placebo recipients are seldom considered. Research shows that people form cognitive and affective representations of active treatments such as medicines, and that they use these representations to guide their behaviour; it seems reasonable to suggest that people might also think about and develop representations of placebos. We adopted a qualitative approach to examine in detail how participants in one RCT, conducted in the USA, conceptualised placebos. 12 people were interviewed 3 times each, at the start, middle, and end of a trial of placebo effects and acupuncture for Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). The interview data were analysed inductively and we identified four ways in which the participants conceptualised placebos: placebos are necessary for research; placebo effects are fake; placebo acupuncture is not real acupuncture; placebos have real effects mediated by psychological mechanisms. Participants' conceptualisations of placebos were dynamic and situated in a broader psychological and socio-cultural context. Seeing placebo effects as legitimate seemed to be facilitated by having more holistic models of healing, viewing IBS as psychological, and seeing treatment as multifactorial. However, some participants maintained a negative view of placebo effects (e.g. as illusions) that was apparently inconsistent with their other beliefs (e.g. in mind-body healing mechanisms). This may indicate a dominance of negative discourses around placebos at a socio-cultural level. Negative views of placebos are inconsistent with evidence that placebo treatments can have positive effects on symptoms. RCT participants should be informed about potential benefits of placebo treatments to avoid misunderstandings and unease. Future work should

  8. Clinical, psychophysiological and psychological aspects of risk factors of periodontal disease development in clinically healthy persons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I.N. Nikulina

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The research goal is to determine risk factors of periodontal disease development, psychophysiological personal types and their interrelations in clinically healthy persons. 47 first-year cadets of St.-Petersburg Military School of radio electronics have been examined. This group of respondents has been chosen by presence of such social stressor as change of place of living (97,9% cadets have arrived in St.-Petersburg from other cities and republics of the Russian Federation and strict disciplinary conditions. The research has revealed a low level of oral hygiene, cases of mild gingivitis in most respondents. The general mental state of group under study is characterized by raised level of personal anxiety and low indices of reactive anxiety. The examined group has demonstrated anxiety, tension, indecision and lowered stress stability. Clinically healthy persons are more liable to develop inflammatory and inflammatory-destructive periodontal diseases. It was possible to determine psychophysiological features correlated with physiological parameters of risk degree of periodontal diseases. It may have a great significance in defining of periodontal disease etiology and pathogenesis

  9. Managing chronic pathologies with a stepped mHealth-based approach in clinical psychology and medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gianluca eCastelnuovo

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Chronic diseases and conditions typically require long-term monitoring and treatment protocols both in traditional settings and in out-patient frameworks. The economic burden of chronic conditions is a key challenge and new and mobile technologies could offer good solutions. mHealth could be considered an evolution of ehealth and could be defined as the practice of medicine and public health supported by mobile communication devices. mHealth approach could overcome limitations linked with the traditional, restricted and highly expensive in-patient treatment of many chronic pathologies. Possible applications include stepped mHealth approach, where patients can be monitored and treated in their everyday contexts. Unfortunately, many barriers for the spread of mHealth are still present. Due the significant impact of psychosocial factors on disease evolution, psychotherapies have to be included into the chronic disease protocols. Existing psychological theories of health behavior change have to be adapted to the new technological contexts and requirements. In conclusion, clinical psychology and medicine have to face the chronic care management challenge in both traditional and mHealth settings.

  10. An Extended 4-Phases-Testmodel for Clinical Trials and its Application on Clinical Psychology Publications in the German-Speaking Countries.

    OpenAIRE

    Schui, Gabriel; Krampen, Günter

    2008-01-01

    With reference to the concept of evidence-based psychotherapy, methodology of clinical psychology research focuses on the 4-phases-testmodel for clinical trials adapted from pharmacological research and evidence-based medicine. Questions: Can the literature on clinical interventions from the German-speaking countries be classified according to an extended 4-phases-testmodel? On which phases does research focus and how do foci shift in a time span of 30+ years (1977 to 2007). Method: All clini...

  11. GRE requirements and student perceptions of fictitious clinical psychology graduate programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atwood, Karen L; Manago, Adriana M; Rogers, Ronald F

    2011-04-01

    The influence of Graduate Record Examination (GRE) requirements on undergraduate students' perceptions of a fictitious clinical psychology graduate program was examined. The more rigorous a program's GRE requirement, the more highly students were expected to rate the program on quality, reputation, challenge of curriculum, attractiveness, and their willingness to apply. 140 undergraduate participants read and rated one of three possible program descriptions that differed only with regard to the stated GRE requirements. Although the effects were small, participants rated the program requiring a minimum combined GRE score of 1,200 (verbal and quantitative) as higher in quality and as having a more challenging curriculum compared to the program that required the GRE but with no minimum score. Although preliminary, these findings are consistent with previous research demonstrating that graduate school applicants use GRE requirements in their evaluation of graduate programs.

  12. Quagmires for clinical psychology and executive coaching? Ethical considerations and practice challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gebhardt, Judith Ann

    2016-04-01

    As the coaching field burgeons, both the mental health and coaching professionals, and their respective professions, face a myriad of potential quagmires, especially if the unique challenges encountered are ignored. After a short introduction and presentation on ethics and morals related to executive coaching and clinical therapy, a discussion follows on the lengthy and intimate relationship between executive coaching and psychology. Next are definitions and comparisons and 6 areas that are potential quagmires. This includes roles, skill sets/core competencies, education/training, licensing/credentialing-certification, governing bodies and confidentiality, and fees/reimbursement. Each section includes a discussion and several questions to highlight potentially problematic areas, practice challenges, and/or ethical issues, followed with brief responses. This paper concludes with the inquiry, "Where do we go from here?"

  13. [Clinical and preventive intervention in eating behaviour: a dialogue between psychology and nutritional sciences].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tinoco, Rui; Paiva, Isabel

    2011-12-01

    The eating habits modification is a clinical challenge, both on therapeutic and preventive levels, which requires tools from various areas of health, such as psychology and nutrition. In the structured work in these areas, that includes the referral to specialist consultants, there is a need of a first intervention in Primary Health Care, in clinical and community levels. In this paper, we attempt to systematize useful information for intervention. We will start by reviewing some important interviewing skills, some models of motivational interviewing, and we will make a brief reflection about the client. Then we will analyse an individual case structured in two complementary levels of interpretation: a closer look in general factors and another that reflect the antecedents, consequences and the description of the behaviour problem. We will also tackle issues related to the context in which the individual moves. We will analyse some group intervention programs within a clinical and preventive perspectives. Finally, we will discuss some concepts related to therapeutic adherence.

  14. Effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral treatment for major depressive disorder in a university psychology clinic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estupiñá Puig, Francisco José; Labrador Encinas, Francisco Javier

    2012-11-01

    Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is the most prevalent mental disorder in our environment, and one of the main causes of disability. While several empirically supported treatments (ESTs) for MDD exist, some doubts have been cast on the applicability--in time, components, and effectiveness--of these ESTs in routine clinical practice. A few attempts have been made to contrast the effectiveness of ESTs, but usually the precise components of the treatment developed are not considered in detail. The purpose of this study is to analyze the components of an EST-based treatment on a sample of 69 MDD cases from a University Psychology Clinic, and to benchmark them against the results of published efficacy studies on ESTs (behavioral activation, cognitive therapy, interpersonal therapy). Results show that treatments delivered at this clinical facility are similar in components, length, and effectiveness (in effect size, completers and improved ratio) to the benchmarked studies. Cognitive restructuring is the most frequent component of the delivered treatments. Therapy results show a 3.12 effect size, and a 55.1% improved ratio over initial sample, an 80% of completers. Results and limitations of the current study, especially those related to sample and center characteristics, are discussed.

  15. Socio-demographic and clinical variables associated with psychological distress 1 and 3 years after breast cancer diagnosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alfonsson, Sven; Olsson, Erik; Hursti, Timo

    2016-01-01

    Purpose A large group of women (20–30 %) report psychological distress shortly after breast cancer diagnosis, and some experience continued or increased symptoms over time. The aim of this study was to investigate socio-demographic and clinical variables associated with sustained psychological...... distress in this patient group. Methods Women with breast cancer (n = 833) completed self-report questionnaires regarding socio-demographic and clinical variables shortly after (T1) and 3 years after diagnosis (T2) while data on illness severity were collected from a quality register. The Hospital Anxiety...... and Depression Scale was used as a measure of psychological distress at both time points. Results The number of participants who reported elevated levels of anxiety was 231 (28 %) at T1 and 231 (28 %) at T2 while elevated depressive symptoms was reported by 119 (14 %) women at T1 and 92 (11 %) at T2. Despite non...

  16. The Methodology of Syndrome Analysis within the Paradigm of “Qualitat ive Research” in Clinical Psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena I. Pervichko

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article considers the potential for applying contemporary philosophical theories(which distinguish classical, nonclassical, and postnonclassical types of scientificrationality to the specification of theoretical methodological principles inthe study of clinical psychology. We prove that psychological syndrome analysis(developed by the Vygotsky–Luria–Zeigarnik school, taken as a system of principlesfor organizing research as well as for interpreting its results, conforms to theepistemological complexity of the object of study in clinical psychology, which isunderstood in the postnonclassical scientific view as a self-developing system.We present an example of the formation of a psychosomatic syndrome in 290patients with mitral-valve prolapse, applying methods of qualitative and statisticaldata analysis in a longitudinal clinical-psychological study. We prove that thesyndrome is system-defined and has a multilevel character, and that its structureis determined by several factors: the motivational factor (with the domination ofthe failure-avoidance motive and the unsatisfied self-approval need; the factor ofthe emotional-regulation disorders, represented by both excessive emotional repressionand lack of emotional control; and a psychophysiological factor. We arguethat a psychosomatic syndrome can be used as a means for approaching not onlydiagnostic but also prognostic tasks both in clinical psychology and in medicine.We conclude that the results of our empirical study, conducted within the frameworkof postnonclassical philosophy and using the methods of psychologicalsyndrome analysis, not only expand the scientific background on the nature of aparticular disease (mitral-valve prolapse but also pose further questions whoseinvestigation will broaden our view of the psychological mechanisms of psychosomatic-syndrome genesis.

  17. The psychological profile of women presenting to a multidisciplinary clinic for chronic pelvic pain: high levels of psychological dysfunction and implications for practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bryant C

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Christina Bryant,1,2 Rebecca Cockburn,1 Anne-Florence Plante,3 Angela Chia4 1Centre for Women’s Mental Health, Royal Women’s Hospital, Parkville, 2Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences, University of Melbourne, 3Department of Physiotherapy, 4Department of Anaesthesia, Royal Women’s Hospital, Parkville, VIC, Australia Objective: Chronic pelvic pain (CPP is widely acknowledged as a common problem with significant consequences for those diagnosed with this condition. There is a lack of studies with good sample size that provide a comprehensive psychological profile of women presenting to specialist chronic pain clinics. Therefore, the objective of this study was to describe the psychological profile of a representative sample of women presenting with CPP at a tertiary referral center. Design: This was a cross-sectional study. Women were asked to complete a questionnaire assessing symptoms of anxiety and depression, pain severity and interference, pain self-efficacy and catastrophizing beliefs, and sexual functioning. Methods: One-hundred and seventy-five women with CPP were recruited when they attended their initial assessment at a specialist CPP clinic of the Royal Women’s Hospital, a public ­hospital in Melbourne, Australia. Results: Over 75% of the participants had experienced pain for longer than 2 years. Fifty-three percent of women experienced either moderate or severe anxiety, and 26.7% experienced moderate-to-severe depression. There were strong correlations between depressive symptoms and pain interference, pain catastrophizing and self-efficacy beliefs. Conclusion: Our findings confirm previous evidence for high levels of psychological distress and functional impairment associated with this condition, and extend these findings by including measures that are highly relevant to treatment planning, such as thinking styles and pain self-efficacy. Therefore, treatment of this complex condition needs to be holistic, and a multi

  18. Patients with chronic whiplash-associated disorders. Relationship between clinical and psychological factors and functional health status

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schmitt, M.A.; Meeteren, N.L. van; Wijer, A. de; Genderen, F.R. van; Graaf, Y.D. van; Helders, P.J.

    2009-01-01

    Schmitt MA, van Meeteren NL, de Wijer A, van Genderen FR, van der Graaf Y, Helders PJ: Patients with chronic whiplash-associated disorders: Relationship between clinical and psychological factors and functional health status. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2009;88:231-238. Objectives: To examine the relative

  19. Now or Later?: An Empirical Investigation of When and Why Students Apply to Clinical Psychology PhD Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimak, Eric H.; Edwards, Katie M.; Johnson, Shannon M.; Suhr, Julie

    2011-01-01

    This study used a national sample of PhD students in clinical psychology (N = 1,034) to explore when students decided to pursue their graduate degree, reasons for their decisions, and associated satisfaction. Results indicated that immediately after completing their undergraduate degree, 57% of current graduate students reported postponing…

  20. Music Therapy for children with special needs - clinical practice and assessment in the light of developmental psychology and communicative musicality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holck, Ulla

    ). The practices will continuously be connected with a relational approach, and ways the music therapy research as well as developmental psychology can inform the clinical work. Literature for further reading Bruscia, K. (2014, 3rd). Defining Music Therapy. E-book. Gilsum: Barcelona Publishers Holck, U. (2004...

  1. Reproductive options for prospective parents in families with Huntington's disease: clinical, psychological and ethical reflections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Die-Smulders, C E M; de Wert, G M W R; Liebaers, I; Tibben, A; Evers-Kiebooms, G

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative late onset disorder. This review of reproductive options aims to increase reproductive confidence and to prevent suffering in relation to family planning around HD and possibly other late onset neurodegenerative disorders. METHODS Selected relevant literature and own views and experiences as clinical geneticists, psychologists and ethicists have been used. RESULTS Possible options, with emphasis on prenatal diagnosis (PD) and preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) to prevent the transmission of HD to the next generation, are described and discussed. They are formally presented in a decision tree, taking into account the presence or absence of a fully penetrant allele (FPA), a reduced penetrant allele (RPA) or an intermediate allele (IA). A table compares invasive and non-invasive PD and PGD. From a psychological perspective, the complex process of counselling and decision-making regarding reproductive options is discussed. Special attention is paid to the decision to avoid the transmission of the mutation and to the confrontation and coping of a mutation-free child growing up with a parent developing disease symptoms. From an ethical point of view, reflections on both PD and PGD are brought forward taking into account the difference between FPA, RPA and IA, direct testing or exclusion testing and taking into account the welfare of the child in the context of medically assisted reproduction. CONCLUSION Recommendations and suggestions for good clinical practice in the reproductive care for HD families are formulated.

  2. Twenty years of the Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings: we hope you will enjoy the show.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rozensky, Ronald H; Tovian, Steven M; Sweet, Jerry J

    2014-03-01

    The 20th anniversary of the Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings is celebrated by highlighting the scientist-practitioner philosophy on which it was founded. The goal of the Journal-to provide an outlet for evidence-based approaches to healthcare that underscore the important scientific and clinical contributions of psychology in medical settings-is discussed. The contemporary relevance of this approach is related to the current implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care and its focus on accountability and the development of an interprofessional healthcare workforce; both of which have been foci of the Journal throughout its history and will continue to be so into the future. Several recommendations of future topic areas for the Journal to highlight regarding scientific, practice, policy, and education and training in professional health service psychology are offered. Successfully addressing these topics will support the growth of the field of psychology in the ever evolving healthcare system of the future and continue ensure that the Journal is a key source of professional information in health service psychology.

  3. Preparing for Graduate-Level Training in Professional Psychology: Comparisons across Clinical PhD, Counseling PhD, and Clinical PsyD Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karazsia, Bryan T.; Smith, Lena

    2016-01-01

    In the present study, faculty who teach in clinical and counseling doctor of philosophy (PhD) or doctor of psychology (PsyD) programs completed surveys regarding preferences for prospective student preparations to graduate programs. Faculty expectations of minimum and ideal undergraduate training were highest for scientific methods, though…

  4. Electroencephalogram, cognitive state, psychological disorders, clinical symptom, and oxidative stress in horticulture farmers exposed to organophosphate pesticides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayrami, Mansour; Hashemi, Touraj; Malekirad, Ali Akbar; Ashayeri, Hassan; Faraji, Fardin; Abdollahi, Mohammad

    2012-02-01

    The aim of this paper was to study the toxicity of organophosphate (OP) pesticides in exposed farmers for electroencephalography, cognitive state, psychological disorders, clinical symptom, oxidative stress, acetylcholinesterase, and DNA damage. A comparative cross-sectional analysis was carried out in 40 horticulture farmers who were exposed to OPs in comparison to a control group containing 40 healthy subjects with the same age and sex and education level. Lipid peroxidation (LPO), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, glutathione peroxidase, DNA damage, total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total thiol molecules, and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity were measured in the blood of subjects. Clinical examination and complete blood test were undertaken in order to record any abnormal sign or symptoms. Cognitive function, psychological symptoms, and psychological distress were examined and recorded. Comparing with controls, the farmers showed higher blood levels of SOD and LPO while their TAC decreased. Farmers showed clinical symptoms such as eczema, breathing muscle weakness, nausea, and saliva secretion. Regarding cognitive function, the orientation, registration, attention and calculation, recall, and language were not significantly different in farmers and controls. Among examinations for psychological distress, only labeled somatization was significantly higher in farmers. The present findings indicate that oxidative stress and inhibition of AChE can be seen in chronically OP-exposed people but incidence of neuropsychological disorders seems a complex multivariate phenomenon that might be seen in long-term high-dose exposure situations. Use of supplementary antioxidants would be useful in the treatment of farmers.

  5. Educating residents in behavioral health care and collaboration: integrated clinical training of pediatric residents and psychology fellows.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pisani, Anthony R; leRoux, Pieter; Siegel, David M

    2011-02-01

    Pediatric residency practices face the challenge of providing both behavioral health (BH) training for pediatricians and psychosocial care for children. The University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry and Rochester General Hospital developed a joint training program and continuity clinic infrastructure in which pediatric residents and postdoctoral psychology fellows train and practice together. The integrated program provides children access to BH care in a primary care setting and gives trainees the opportunity to integrate collaborative BH care into their regular practice routines. During 1998-2008, 48 pediatric residents and 8 psychology fellows trained in this integrated clinical environment. The program's accomplishments include longevity, faculty and fiscal stability, sustained support from pediatric leadership and community payers, the development in residents and faculty of greater comfort in addressing BH problems and collaborating with BH specialists, and replication of the model in two other primary care settings. In addition to quantitative program outcomes data, the authors present a case example that illustrates how the integrated program works and achieves its goals. They propose that educating residents and psychology trainees side by side in collaborative BH care is clinically and educationally valuable and potentially applicable to other settings. A companion report published in this issue provides results from a study comparing the perceptions of pediatric residents whose primary care continuity clinic took place in this integrated setting with those of residents from the same pediatric residency who had their continuity clinic training in a nonintegrated setting.

  6. The psychological profile of women presenting to a multidisciplinary clinic for chronic pelvic pain: high levels of psychological dysfunction and implications for practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryant, Christina; Cockburn, Rebecca; Plante, Anne-Florence; Chia, Angela

    2016-01-01

    Objective Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is widely acknowledged as a common problem with significant consequences for those diagnosed with this condition. There is a lack of studies with good sample size that provide a comprehensive psychological profile of women presenting to specialist chronic pain clinics. Therefore, the objective of this study was to describe the psychological profile of a representative sample of women presenting with CPP at a tertiary referral center. Design This was a cross-sectional study. Women were asked to complete a questionnaire assessing symptoms of anxiety and depression, pain severity and interference, pain self-efficacy and catastrophizing beliefs, and sexual functioning. Methods One-hundred and seventy-five women with CPP were recruited when they attended their initial assessment at a specialist CPP clinic of the Royal Women’s Hospital, a public hospital in Melbourne, Australia. Results Over 75% of the participants had experienced pain for longer than 2 years. Fifty-three percent of women experienced either moderate or severe anxiety, and 26.7% experienced moderate-to-severe depression. There were strong correlations between depressive symptoms and pain interference, pain catastrophizing and self-efficacy beliefs. Conclusion Our findings confirm previous evidence for high levels of psychological distress and functional impairment associated with this condition, and extend these findings by including measures that are highly relevant to treatment planning, such as thinking styles and pain self-efficacy. Therefore, treatment of this complex condition needs to be holistic, and a multidisciplinary approach is likely to be the best way to achieve this. PMID:27895510

  7. SOME THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF COMPLEX CLINICAL-PSYCHOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION OF PATIENTS WITH AUTOIMMUNE LIVER DISEASES IN CIRRHOTIC STAGE BEFORE LIVER TRANSPLANTATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. A. Gerasimova

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article presents preliminary results of complex clinical-psychological investigation of patients with autoim- mune liver diseases with cirrhosis waiting for liver transplant. The data discussed defense role of anxiety com- bined with other emotional affective disorders, psychological mechanisms in combination with coping strategies of stress-overcoming behavior in the state of disease and their involvement in formation of the clinical picture of the disease. It considers the need for differential diagnosis of the pathology using modern experimental- psychological methods in connection with further building of psychological aid to patients with autoimmune liver diseases. 

  8. Clinical and psychological features of addict people with an incomplete suicide attempt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhuravlyova T.V.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents results of social, psychological and clinical aspects of suicidal behaviour of alcohol addicts and drug addicts with incomplete suicide attempts, admitted to the Department of crisis states and psychosomatic disorders, Sklifosovsky Research Institute of Ambulance Service from November 2014 to June 2015. The majority of addicts (70% showed an affective kind of suicidal actions. During an acute post-suicidal period all examined patients revealed value-oriented approach to life. Conflict becomes irrelevant as a result of expressed fear of death and fear of social and transcendental consequences of an suicide act. Alcohol addicts feel guilty towards relatives and others, and need of their support. They have significantly increased fear to loss of social identity. Drug addicts have maintained negative view of near and distant future events, they consider the act of suicide as an effective and radical way of solving life problems. Based on our findings we concluded that the risk of repeat suicide attempts in patients with alcohol dependence can be caused by the weakness of self-management skills and lack of microsocial environmental support, while a similar risk in persons with drug addiction can be due to negative view of their own future and the degree of social maladjustment.

  9. Controversy clarified: an updated review of clinical psychology and tele-health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perle, Jonathan G; Langsam, Leah C; Nierenberg, Barry

    2011-12-01

    One of the most controversial topics in the field of clinical psychology, online tele-health, or the integration of computers and the internet with therapeutic techniques, remains at the forefront of many debates. Despite potential interest, there are numerous factors that a psychologist must consider before integrating an online tele-health intervention into their own practice. This article outlines literature pertinent to the debate. The article begins with a brief history of the use of non-face-to-face interventions as well as the earliest recorded use of "tele-health" before discussing the modern benefits and risks associated with usage. Considerations for the psychologist as well as the client are detailed; incorporating ethical implications. The authors conclude that the utilization of tele-health interventions is an exponentially expanding field that should continue to be explored. Despite many well-conceived studies, a psychologist should educate themselves in all aspects of the new modes of intervention (e.g., ethical, legal, evidence-based treatments) before attempting to implement them into everyday practice. The article ends with a discussion on the acceptance among psychologists, as well as the outlook for the future.

  10. Clinical effects of comprehensive therapy of early psychological intervention and rehabilitation training on neurological rehabilitation of patients with acute stroke

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Duo-Yu Wu; Min Guo; Yun-Suo Gao; Yan-Hai Kang; Jun-Cheng Guo; Xiang-Ling Jiang; Feng Chen; Tao Liu

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the clinical effects of comprehensive therapy of psychological intervention and rehabilitation training on the mental health of the patients with acute stroke. Methods: A total of 120 patients with acute stroke were randomly divided into trial group and control group. Both groups were given the corresponding drug therapy, medical basic nursing and convention nursing. Besides, psychological intervention and comprehensive rehabilitation training were added to the trial group. SCL-90, Europ stroke scales (ESS) score were assessed with each patient on day 3 for the first time and on day 21 for the second time;Barthel index was assessed on the day 90. Results: After psychological intervention, SCL-90 declined significantly in the trial group comparing with the control group, there were signicant differences in the somatization, obsession, depression, anxiety, fear, ESS score, Barthel index and other psychological factors between the trial group and control group (P<0.05). Conclusions:Comprehensive therapy of early psychological intervention and rehabilitation training can significantly improve the mental health, limb movement function, stress ability and activity of daily living on the patients with acute stroke.

  11. Preliminary Examination of the Interpersonal Psychological Theory of Suicide in an Adolescent Clinical Sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horton, Sarah E; Hughes, Jennifer L; King, Jessica D; Kennard, Betsy D; Westers, Nicholas J; Mayes, Taryn L; Stewart, Sunita M

    2016-08-01

    This study offers a preliminary examination of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS; Joiner 2005) in an adolescent clinical sample. The IPTS offers a nuanced framework that has many conceptual and practical merits. Although this theory has a growing base of evidence among adults, it has yet to be tested in adolescents using direct measures of its central constructs. Participants were 147 adolescents (76.2 % girls) on an inpatient psychiatric unit, who completed measures of key IPTS constructs of thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness, acquired capability for suicide, as well as depression severity, hopelessness, and severity of suicidal symptoms. Our findings were largely consistent with hypotheses derived from the IPTS: perceived burdensomeness, and at a marginal level, thwarted belongingness, were independently associated with current suicidal ideation. The thwarted belongingness by perceived burdensomeness interaction marginally distinguished between adolescents with passive and active suicidal ideation. Acquired capability for suicide was associated with recent suicidal intent. Examination of all three IPTS constructs simultaneously revealed main effects of each construct (with a marginal effect of thwarted belongingness), and interaction effects for thwarted belongingness by perceived burdensomeness, and thwarted belongingness by perceived burdensomeness by acquired capability for suicide in association with suicidal symptom severity. Sex, age, depression severity, and hopelessness were controlled in all analyses. This study offers strong, albeit preliminary, support of the IPTS in a clinical adolescent sample. Assessment of IPTS constructs may be useful in determining persistent risk for suicide attempt. Prospective tests of the theory, and extensions to intervention and prevention should be considered in future IPTS research.

  12. Person-centered approaches in medicine: clinical tasks, psychological paradigms, and postnonclassic perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mezzich J.E.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article aims to demonstrate advances in methodological means suggested by Vygotsky’s cultural-historical concept in association with a theoretical model of a Person-centered diagnosis and practical use of the construct for clinical psychology and medicine. This, to a greater extent, arises from the fact that the cultural-historical concept (due to its humanistic nature and epistemological content is closely related to the person-centered integrative approach. But for all that the concept corresponds to the ideals of postnonclassical model of scientific rationality with a number of ‘key’ features. Above all it manifests its “methodological maturity” to cope with open self-developing systems, which is most essential at the modern stage of scientific knowledge.The work gives consideration to ‘defining pillars’ of Person-centered approach in modern medicine, to humanistic traditions of the Russian clinical school, and high prospects in diagnostics of such mental constructs as “subjective pattern of disease” and “social situation of personal development in disease” - within the context of person-centered integrative diagnosis.This article discusses the need for implementation a cross-cultural study of subjective pattern of disease and its correlation with a particular “social situation of personality development under disease conditions”. It aims at development and substantiation of the model of person-centered integrative approach, enhancement of its diagnostic scope and, consequently, improvement of the model of person-centered care in modern psychiatry and medicine.

  13. Training in psychodiagnostic testing in APA-approved PsyD and PhD clinical psychology programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piotrowski, C; Zalewski, C

    1993-10-01

    Fifty-one percent (N = 80) of directors of doctoral PhD and PsyD programs in clinical psychology, accredited by the American Psychological Association (APA), responded to a survey on assessment training. The study was a replication of an earlier survey by Piotrowski and Keller (1984b) on instruction, practices, and attitudes on testing. Our findings indicated that training emphasis in assessment coursework has changed very little over the past decade. Intelligence testing was emphasized in most programs, followed by objective and projective personality assessment. However, training in behavioral assessment techniques was required in only half of the responding programs. There were no significant differences between PhD and PsyD programs concerning required coursework in assessment. Factors that influence the perennial importance of testing in the clinical core curriculum are discussed.

  14. The use of functional neuroimaging to evaluate psychological and other non-pharmacological treatments for clinical pain

    OpenAIRE

    Jensen, Karin B.; Berna, Chantal; Loggia, Marco L.; Wasan, Ajay; Edwards, Robert R; Randy L Gollub

    2012-01-01

    A large number of studies have provided evidence for the efficacy of psychological and other non-pharmacological interventions in the treatment of chronic pain. While these methods are increasingly used to treat pain, remarkably few studies focused on the exploration of their neural correlates. The aim of this article was to review the findings from neuroimaging studies that evaluated the neural response to distraction-based techniques, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), clinical hypnosis, m...

  15. Clinical, socio-demographic and psychological characteristics in individuals with persistent psychotic experiences with and without a "need for care".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Emmanuelle; Ward, Thomas; Jackson, Mike; Morgan, Craig; Charalambides, Monica; McGuire, Philip; Woodruff, Peter; Jacobsen, Pamela; Chadwick, Paul; Garety, Philippa A

    2016-02-01

    Individuals reporting persistent psychotic experiences (PEs) in the general population, but without a "need for care", are a unique group of particular importance in identifying risk and protective factors for psychosis. We compared people with persistent PEs and no "need for care" (non-clinical, N=92) with patients diagnosed with a psychotic disorder (clinical, N=84) and controls without PEs (N=83), in terms of their phenomenological, socio-demographic and psychological features. The 259 participants were recruited from one urban and one rural area in the UK, as part of the UNIQUE (Unusual Experiences Enquiry) study. Results showed that the non-clinical group experienced hallucinations in all modalities as well as first-rank symptoms, with an earlier age of onset than in the clinical group. Somatic/tactile hallucinations were more frequent than in the clinical group, while commenting and conversing voices were rare. Participants in the non-clinical group were differentiated from their clinical counterparts by being less paranoid and deluded, apart from ideas of reference, and having fewer cognitive difficulties and negative symptoms. Unlike the clinical group, they were characterized neither by low psychosocial functioning nor by social adversity. However, childhood trauma featured in both groups. They were similar to the controls in psychological characteristics: they did not report current emotional problems, had intact self-esteem, displayed healthy schemas about the self and others, showed high life satisfaction and well-being, and high mindfulness. These findings support biopsychosocial models postulating that environmental and psychological factors interact with biological processes in the aetiology of psychosis. While some PEs may be more malign than others, lower levels of social and environmental adversity, combined with protective factors such as intact IQ, spirituality, and psychological and emotional well-being, may reduce the likelihood of persistent

  16. Psychological and social aspects of infertility in men:an overview of the evidence and implications for psychologically informed clinical care and future research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jane RW Fisher; Karin Hammarberg

    2012-01-01

    Research concerning the psychosocial aspects of infertility and infertility treatment focuses more often on women than men.The aim of this review was to synthesize the English-language evidence related to the psychological and social aspects of infertility in men and discuss the implications of these reports for clinical care and future research.A structured search identified 73 studies that reported data concerning the desire for fatherhood and the psychological and social aspects of diagnosis,assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment and unsuccessful treatment among men with fertility difficulties.The studies are diverse in conceptualisation,design,setting and data collection,but the findings were reasonably consistent.These studies indicated that fertile and infertile childless men of reproductive age have desires to experience parenthood that are similar to those of their female counterparts; in addition,diagnosis and initiation of treatment are associated with elevated infertility-specific anxiety,and unsuccessful treatment can lead to a state of lasting sadness.However,rates of clinically significant mental health problems among this patient population are no higher than in the general population.Infertile men who are socially isolated,have an avoidant coping style and appraise stressful events as overwhelming,are more vulnerable to severe anxiety than men without these characteristics.Men prefer oral to written treatment information and prefer to receive emotional support from infertility clinicians rather than from mental health professionals,self-help support groups or friends.Nevertheless,structured,facilitated psycho-educational groups that are didactic but permit informal sharing of experiences might be beneficial.There are gaps in knowledge about factors governing seeking,persisting with and deciding to cease treatment; experiences of invasive procedures; parenting after assisted conception; adoption and infertility-related grief and shame among

  17. Effectiveness of clinical assessment in Spanish forensic practice: detecting malingered psychological sequelae in victims of intimate partner violence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel Soria

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: According to Spanish legislation, the psychological harm suffered by the victim of a criminal act is determined by assessing its impact on the victim's mental state. Usually, the victim's pain and suffering is estimated by administering clinical scales. The aim of the present study was to explore the effectiveness of psychopathological assessment using commonly used scales in clinical practice and whose results are presented as legal evidence in a forensic context in order to detect malingered psychological sequelae (anxiety, depression and low self-esteem in victims of intimate partner violence in forensic contexts. Methods: In the present study three scales based in a clinical setting and regularly used in a forensic context were administered (BDI, STAI and Rosenberg to assess malingering of symptoms. The sample comprised 66 women: 36 students, and 30 real victims. The non-clinical sample was evaluated twice: the first time they gave sincere responses, and the second time they were instructed to answer as if they were victims. The real victims underwent testing in a forensic context. Results and Conclusions: The results of our research show that, even without previous knowledge of the scales, people can distort the test results by malingering symptoms that are normally accepted as sequelae of intimate partner violence, especially depression and low self-esteem; however, the results for anxiety, were less homogeneous. Although these tests are used extensively in clinical psychology, our study confirms that, just by themselves, they are not a reliable source of information in a forensic context.

  18. A Contrastive Analysis of the Links of Textuality in Abstracts Written by Persian and English Writers in Clinical Psychology Journals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas Mehrabi Boshrabadi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available It is generally agreed today that lexical cohesion is one of the fundamental elements of the text texture achieved through lexical semantic relations dominating the arrangement of propositional units in a text. Accordingly, this study sought to compare and contrast the textual links or lexical cohesive devices enlisted in the psychological abstracts written by Persian and English writers. To this end, 40 abstracts from Persian and English articles, 20 in each language, published in clinical psychology journals were randomly selected. The framework serving as tertium comprationis for analyzing lexical cohesion markers was derived from Halliday and Hasan’s (1976 model [Halliday, M. A. K., & Hasan, R. (1976. Cohesion in English. London: Longman]. A frequency count analysis was employed to gauge the number of occurrences of cohesive links in the selected corpus. The results revealed that lexical links of synonymy and repetition were more frequent than other cohesive devices in both English and Persian abstracts.Keywords: Links of textuality, Lexical cohesive devices, Synonymy, Repetition, Clinical psychology journal abstracts

  19. Hypnosis and clinical psychology: bringing back the untold history / Hipnose e psicologia clínica: retomando a história não contada

    OpenAIRE

    Maurício da Silva Neubern

    2006-01-01

    The present article points out various relations between clinic psychology and hypnosis, highlighting that a great part of both has remained well unknown by the great majority of clinic psychologists. On one hand, this article aims at historical outcomes of this relation, which despite having been put aside and forgotten, takes us back to the institutional practices taking place in this field of psychology. On the other hand, it intends to briefly bring about that the reflection over hypnosis...

  20. Psychological and behavioural aspects of patients with Turner syndrome from childhood to adulthood: a review of the clinical literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christopoulos, P; Deligeoroglou, E; Laggari, V; Christogiorgos, S; Creatsas, G

    2008-03-01

    Turner syndrome (TS) is a chromosomal abnormality, which occurs in approximately one of every 2500 female births. Short stature, infertility, additional physical abnormalities, skeletal and medical problems may be present. Genetic, hormonal, and medical problems associated with TS are likely to affect psychosexual development of female adolescent patients, and thus influence their psychological functioning, behavior patterns, social interactions and learning ability. Although TS constitutes a chronic medical condition, with possible physical, social and psychological complications in a woman's life, hormonal and estrogen replacement therapy and assisted reproduction, are treatments that can be helpful for TS patients and improve their quality of life. Authors report on a review of the research literature clinical aspects of the syndrome as well as the beneficial effect of hormonal therapy in such patients.

  1. Roy Schafer's contributions to psychological testing: from clinical sensibility to the analytic attitude.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritsch, Richard C

    2013-01-01

    The author reviews Schafer's contributions to psychological testing, emphasizing his development of the test battery, his significant contributions to psychoanalytically oriented Rorschach interpretation, and his understanding of the complex interpersonal dynamics involved in psychological test interpretation. The author also discusses his use of Schafer's writing in his own teaching and academic work, noting that Schafer's contributions have not only provided innovative methods for examining test data, but have also promoted a respectful, humanistic, and individualized approach to the patient in testing and treatment. The author asserts that Schafer's later seminal contributions to psychoanalysis had their origins in his early career as a psychologist applying psychoanalytic ideas to testing.

  2. Music Therapy for children with special needs - clinical practice and assessment in the light of developmental psychology and communicative musicality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holck, Ulla

    for patterns in clinical work, e.g. analyzing the way members act in the group or towards the therapist. The practices will continuously be connected with a focus on how the music therapy research as well as developmental psychology can inform the assessment. Literature for further reading: Holck, U. (2007......Assessment or evaluation is a continuing part of clinical music therapy, both in the beginning, in the continuous process, and in the evaluation of the music therapy – and sometimes even for a diagnostic assessment (Wigram, Pedersen and Bonde, 2002). After an overall introduction to music therapy...... assessment, the focus is on clinical use of an assessment approach in everyday work, followed by ways of using video recordings in assessing music therapy processes. The way you ask musically, the way the child can answer you! Therefore, it is the therapist’s responsibility to ask in many ways...

  3. Positive Psychology Intervention to Alleviate Child Depression and Increase Life Satisfaction: A Randomized Clinical Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwok, Sylvia Y. C. L.; Gu, Minmin; Kit, Katrina Tong Kai

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The study aims to examine the effectiveness of a positive psychology group-based intervention program, incorporating elements of hope and gratitude, in decreasing depression and increasing life satisfaction among primary school students in Hong Kong. Method: A total of 68 children, with the Depression score of Chinese Hospital Anxiety and…

  4. [Psychological resistances of women to the principal female methods of contraception. Clinical classification].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wauty-Dancot, M C; Rucquoy, G

    1975-01-01

    According to the literature and to the experience of the authors gathered at the family department at the Louvain Faculty of Medicine, these psychological resistances may schematically be classified as follows: normative and socio-cultural resistances; medical resistances (wish of pregnancy, personality traits, narcissm, sexual and technical resistances); psychopathological resistances (unspecific neurotic behavior, phobias, hypochondriasis, obsessive-compulsive neurosis, character neurosis); secondary resistances.

  5. Behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia in Down syndrome : Early indicators of clinical Alzheimer's disease?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dekker, Alain D.; Strydom, Andre; Coppus, Antonia M. W.; Nizetic, Dean; Vermeiren, Yannick; Naude, Petrus J. W.; Van Dam, Debby; Potier, Marie-Claude; Fortea, Juan; De Deyn, Peter P.

    2015-01-01

    Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD) are a core symptom of dementia and are associated with suffering, earlier institutionalization and accelerated cognitive decline for patients and increased caregiver burden. Despite the extremely high risk for Down syndrome (DS) individuals t

  6. Clinical and audiologic characteristics of patients with sensorineural tinnitus and its association with psychological aspects: an analytic retrospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Swiahb, Jamil Nasser; Hwang, Eul Seung; Kong, Ji Sun; Kim, Woo Jin; Yeo, Sang Won; Park, Shi Nae

    2016-12-01

    This study was performed to analyze clinical and audiologic characteristics of sensorineural tinnitus and to investigate the associating factors reflecting psychological aspects of stress and depression of the patients. This is a retrospective analytical study conducted in a tinnitus clinic of a tertiary referral center of a university hospital. The medical records of 216 patients suffering from sensorineural tinnitus were thoroughly evaluated to determine correlations between clinical and audiological characteristics, including age, sex, predisposing or etiologic factors, hearing levels up to extended high frequencies, and tinnitus severity. Psychological aspects of stress and depression were also evaluated and analyzed to seek the associations with tinnitus severity. All data were stored in our database bank and were statistically analyzed. Our study subjects showed a slight male predominance. The highest percentage of tinnitus was found in patients of 60-80 years old. Only 32.5 % of tinnitus patients were subjectively aware of their hearing loss, whereas 73 % of subjects had hearing deficits in some frequencies in their audiogram. Hearing impairments were of the low-frequency sensorineural type in 18.2 % of patients and were limited to the high frequencies in 77.9 % of patients. Tinnitus was unilateral in 51 % of patients and had a tonal nature in 45 % of patients. In total, 45.8 % of patients with high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss had high-pitched tinnitus. There were significant correlations between tinnitus severity, loudness and annoyance. Correlations with THI (Tinnitus Handicap Inventory) and Beck depression index scores were also found. Sensorineural tinnitus was related with hearing loss in some frequencies nevertheless of patients' own awareness of hearing loss. Loudness and annoyance of tinnitus seems to be two important factors reflecting psychological problems of patients' stress and depression.

  7. Public Image of Counseling Psychology: What Introductory Psychology Textbooks Say.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixon, David N.; Vrochopoulos, Sam; Burton, Jennifer

    1997-01-01

    Examines the adequacy of descriptions of counseling psychology and its professionals in introductory psychology textbooks compared to the descriptions of other applied areas of psychology. Results indicate that counseling psychology is less represented than industrial or organizational and clinical psychology and more represented than school…

  8. AMEDD Clinical Psychology Short Course, 10 - 15 May 1992, Eisenhower Army Medical Center, Augusta, Georgia

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    61 "Evaluation of combat stress training" Kathleen S. Mayers , Robert House, and Edward Casper 63 "Mental health professional reservists activated in...DRS. MAYERS /HOUSE/ ACTIVATED IN DESERT STORM: EFFECTS ON CASPER COLLEAGUES AND PATIENTS US ARMY AEROMEDICAL PSYCHOLOGY TRAINING - DRS. PIACNO/BOWLES...1982; Bloom & writing, computer usage) Haitalouma, 1990; Kendrick, 1979; Salovey & Hart, 1990; Sweeney & Horan, 1982. Vulnerability to criticism

  9. Clinical and psychological characteristics of patients with arterial hypertension, consuming an increased amount of salt

    OpenAIRE

    O. B. Poselyugina

    2015-01-01

    Objective: to Study the potential development of links between the formation of neurotic disorders personality and high salt intake (S) with food in patients with arterial hypertension (AH).Materials and methods: the study involved 229 patients with essential hypertension. We determined the threshold of taste sensitivity to salt (TTS), the daily excretion of sodium ions in urine, was assessed psychological status of the patients, the type of attitude to the disease (LOBI), the severity of dep...

  10. Clinical and psychological characteristics of patients with arterial hypertension, consuming an increased amount of salt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. B. Poselyugina

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to Study the potential development of links between the formation of neurotic disorders personality and high salt intake (S with food in patients with arterial hypertension (AH.Materials and methods: the study involved 229 patients with essential hypertension. We determined the threshold of taste sensitivity to salt (TTS, the daily excretion of sodium ions in urine, was assessed psychological status of the patients, the type of attitude to the disease (LOBI, the severity of depression (Beck questionnaire.Results. It turned out that people consume AH TTS is much more than a healthy person. Patients consuming an increased amount of S, the disease develops earlier and runs a more aggressive accompanied by the emergence of a large number of neurotic complaints and cardiovascular nature. Their psychological status is dominated by anxiety and tension. Almost half of these patients have depression. Harmonious type of attitude to the disease occurs in them only in 1/3 of the cases, whereas a dominant role is played by neurotic and anxious types.Conclusions: Patients with hypertension high consumption of S represent a distinct group of patients in whom an increased intake of salt simulates the course of their illness and promotes the development of certain psychological characteristics.

  11. Clinical Psychology Ph.D. Program Admissions: Differential Values as a Function of Program Characteristics and the Implications of the Mentor-Model Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metzger, Jesse A.

    2010-01-01

    The aims of this research were to 1) examine the qualities for which applicants are selected for entrance into clinical psychology Ph.D. programs, and 2) investigate the prevalence and impact of the mentor-model approach to admissions on multiple domains of programs and the field at large. Fifty Directors of Clinical Training (DCTs) provided data…

  12. The use of functional neuroimaging to evaluate psychological and other non-pharmacological treatments for clinical pain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Karin B.; Berna, Chantal; Loggia, Marco L.; Wasan, Ajay; Edwards, Robert R.; Gollub, Randy L.

    2013-01-01

    A large number of studies have provided evidence for the efficacy of psychological and other non-pharmacological interventions in the treatment of chronic pain. While these methods are increasingly used to treat pain, remarkably few studies focused on the exploration of their neural correlates. The aim of this article was to review the findings from neuroimaging studies that evaluated the neural response to distraction-based techniques, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), clinical hypnosis, mental imagery, physical therapy/exercise, biofeedback, and mirror therapy. To date, the results from studies that used neuroimaging to evaluate these methods have not been conclusive and the experimental methods have been suboptimal for assessing clinical pain. Still, several different psychological and non-pharmacological treatment modalities were associated with increased painrelated activations of executive cognitive brain regions, such as the ventral- and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. There was also evidence for decreased pain-related activations in afferent pain regions and limbic structures. If future studies will address the technical and methodological challenges of today’s experiments, neuroimaging might have the potential of segregating the neural mechanisms of different treatment interventions and elucidate predictive and mediating factors for successful treatment outcomes. Evaluations of treatment-related brain changes (functional and structural) might also allow for sub-grouping of patients and help to develop individualized treatments. PMID:22445888

  13. The use of functional neuroimaging to evaluate psychological and other non-pharmacological treatments for clinical pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Karin B; Berna, Chantal; Loggia, Marco L; Wasan, Ajay D; Edwards, Robert R; Gollub, Randy L

    2012-06-29

    A large number of studies have provided evidence for the efficacy of psychological and other non-pharmacological interventions in the treatment of chronic pain. While these methods are increasingly used to treat pain, remarkably few studies focused on the exploration of their neural correlates. The aim of this article was to review the findings from neuroimaging studies that evaluated the neural response to distraction-based techniques, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), clinical hypnosis, mental imagery, physical therapy/exercise, biofeedback, and mirror therapy. To date, the results from studies that used neuroimaging to evaluate these methods have not been conclusive and the experimental methods have been suboptimal for assessing clinical pain. Still, several different psychological and non-pharmacological treatment modalities were associated with increased pain-related activations of executive cognitive brain regions, such as the ventral- and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. There was also evidence for decreased pain-related activations in afferent pain regions and limbic structures. If future studies will address the technical and methodological challenges of today's experiments, neuroimaging might have the potential of segregating the neural mechanisms of different treatment interventions and elucidate predictive and mediating factors for successful treatment outcomes. Evaluations of treatment-related brain changes (functional and structural) might also allow for sub-grouping of patients and help to develop individualized treatments.

  14. Training and education in religion/spirituality within APA-accredited clinical psychology programs: 8 years later.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schafer, Rachel M; Handal, Paul J; Brawer, Peter A; Ubinger, Megan

    2011-06-01

    This study was a follow up investigation of Brawer et al.'s (Prof Psychol Res Pr 33(2):203-206, 2002) survey of education and training of clinical psychologists in religion/spirituality. Directors of clinical training were surveyed to determine whether changes had occurred in the coverage of religion and spirituality through course work, research, supervision, and in the systematic coverage of the content area. Results indicated an increased coverage in the areas of supervision, dedicated courses, inclusion as part of another course, and research. There was no increase in systematic coverage, but significantly more programs provided at least some coverage. The current study also assesses other areas of incorporation as well as directors' opinions regarding the importance of religion/spirituality in the field of psychology.

  15. Designs and Discriminations for Clinical Group Supervision in Counselling Psychology: An Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grigg, Glen

    2006-01-01

    Evidence suggests that group clinical supervision of counsellors and trainees is an effective mode of service delivery. However, clinical supervision is often understood to be concerned with teaching a generic set of skills. Without specifically labeling them as such, clinical supervision groups are implicitly identified as psycho-educational…

  16. Neuromuscular adaptations predict functional disability independently of clinical pain and psychological factors in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubois, Jean-Daniel; Abboud, Jacques; St-Pierre, Charles; Piché, Mathieu; Descarreaux, Martin

    2014-08-01

    Patients with chronic low back pain exhibit characteristics such as clinical pain, psychological symptoms and neuromuscular adaptations. The purpose of this study was to determine the independent contribution of clinical pain, psychological factors and neuromuscular adaptations to disability in patients with chronic low back pain. Clinical pain intensity, pain catastrophizing, fear-avoidance beliefs, anxiety, neuromuscular adaptations to chronic pain and neuromuscular responses to experimental pain were assessed in 52 patients with chronic low back pain. Lumbar muscle electromyographic activity was assessed during a flexion-extension task (flexion relaxation phenomenon) to assess both chronic neuromuscular adaptations and neuromuscular responses to experimental pain during the task. Multiple regressions showed that independent predictors of disability included neuromuscular adaptations to chronic pain (β=0.25, p=0.006, sr(2)=0.06), neuromuscular responses to experimental pain (β=-0.24, p=0.011, sr(2)=0.05), clinical pain intensity (β=0.28, p=0.002, sr(2)=0.08) and psychological factors (β=0.58, ppain intensity and psychological factors, and contribute to inter-individual differences in patients' disability. This suggests that disability, in chronic low back pain patients, is determined by a combination of factors, including clinical pain, psychological factors and neuromuscular adaptations.

  17. Clinical Observation on Physiological and Psychological Effects of Eight-Section Brocade on Type 2 Diabetic Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Fang; Tufiutitakuya; Kosikawafusako; Kisitaiti; Havukiyutaka; Suzukiakio; Wang Weidong; Zhang Rongrui; Lin Yingna; Hong Lan; Zhao Yang; Ni Qing; Zhang Lin; Isiiyasutomo

    2008-01-01

    Objective:To observe the physiological and psychological changing of type 2 diabetic patients after practicing Eight-Section Brocade,to evaluate the clinical curative effect,and to provide a safe and effective self-regulating method for type 2 diabetic Patients.Methods:This study is a random controlled trial,the 54 type 2 diabetic patients were randomly assigned into the intervention and the control group.The intervention group was given a 2-month period of Eight-Section Brocade practice,then a comparison between groups was made.The intervention group continued to do Eight-Section Brocade practice for 2 months,so it was 4 months' intervention all together for this group.and then a comparison within the intervention group was made.Results:There was significant difierence 4 months later on HbAlc in the intervention group (P<0.05).There was significant difference between the intervention and control groups on obsessive-compulsive,depression,anxiety and hostility scores after 2 months' practice(P<0.05).There was significant difference between 2 and 4 months' practice on hostilities scores within the intervention group P<0.05).Conclusions:As an important part of the traditional Chinese medicine,Eight-section Brocade has physiological and psychological effects on type 2 Diabetic Patients.

  18. Making good theory practical: five lessons for an Applied Social Identity Approach to challenges of organizational, health, and clinical psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haslam, S Alexander

    2014-03-01

    Social identity research was pioneered as a distinctive theoretical approach to the analysis of intergroup relations but over the last two decades it has increasingly been used to shed light on applied issues. One early application of insights from social identity and self-categorization theories was to the organizational domain (with a particular focus on leadership), but more recently there has been a surge of interest in applications to the realm of health and clinical topics. This article charts the development of this Applied Social Identity Approach, and abstracts five core lessons from the research that has taken this forward. (1) Groups and social identities matter because they have a critical role to play in organizational and health outcomes. (2) Self-categorizations matter because it is people's self-understandings in a given context that shape their psychology and behaviour. (3) The power of groups is unlocked by working with social identities not across or against them. (4) Social identities need to be made to matter in deed not just in word. (5) Psychological intervention is always political because it always involves some form of social identity management. Programmes that seek to incorporate these principles are reviewed and important challenges and opportunities for the future are identified.

  19. Psychological needs, service utilization and provision of care in a specialist mental health clinic for young refugees: a comparative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michelson, Daniel; Sclare, Irene

    2009-04-01

    This study addressed psychological needs, patterns of service utilization and provision of care in a specialist mental health service for young refugees and asylum seekers in London. Comparisons were made between two groups with different levels of postulated mental health need: unaccompanied minors (UAMs; n = 49) and children accompanied to the UK by one or more primary caregivers (n = 29). Significant differences were observed in referral pathways, with UAMs more likely to be referred by social services and less likely to be referred from medical agencies. UAMs also attended fewer sessions during treatment, and missed a greater proportion of scheduled appointments. Contrary to prediction, group comparisons revealed similar levels of post-migration stress and overall psychological morbidity. However, UAMs experienced significantly more traumatic events prior to resettlement, and were more likely to exhibit symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) than their accompanied peers. Despite their elevated risk of PTSD, UAMs were less likely than accompanied children to have received trauma-focused interventions. UAMs were also significantly less likely to have been treated using cognitive therapy, anxiety management and parent/carer training, as well as receiving fewer types of practical assistance with basic social needs. The clinical and service implications of these findings are discussed.

  20. Psychology in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz, Eleonora Rubio

    2011-01-01

    The first formal psychology course taught in Mexico was in 1896 at Mexico's National University; today, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM in Spanish). The modern psychology from Europe and the US in the late 19th century were the primary influences of Mexican psychology, as well as psychoanalysis and both clinical and experimental…

  1. A psicologia clínica: técnica e téchne Clinical psychology: technique and techne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria Lopez Calvo de Feijoo

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available A técnica tal como foi abarcada na modernidade tecnológica será descrita e comparada com a téchne no sentido originário, que remonta à antiguidade grega. Para tanto, o pensamento de Heidegger vai ser tomado para nortear e fundamentar as reflexões acerca da técnica e da téchne e assim permitir pensar a clínica psicológica como uma técnica no sentido moderno e como téchne, no sentido originário.In the present work, technique, as it has been embraced in modern technology, is described and compared to its original Greek meaning, the techne. For such, Heidegger’s thoughts were used to guide and serve as a starting point for the considerations made about technique and “techne”. A clinical psychology parallel was established.

  2. Physical and psychological sequelae to torture. A controlled clinical study of exiled asylum applicants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougen, H P

    1988-01-01

    complaints were headaches, various cardiopulmonary symptoms, sleep disturbances with nightmares, impaired concentration and memory, and emotional lability. Suicide attempts were reported. Prior to the torture all the probands had been healthy except for several cases of gunshot wounds. The clinical...

  3. Can Psychological, Social and Demographical Factors Predict Clinical Characteristics Symptomatology of Bipolar Affective Disorder and Schizophrenia?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maciukiewicz, Malgorzata; Pawlak, Joanna; Kapelski, Pawel; Łabędzka, Magdalena; Skibinska, Maria; Zaremba, Dorota; Leszczynska-Rodziewicz, Anna; Dmitrzak-Weglarz, Monika; Hauser, Joanna

    2016-09-01

    Schizophrenia (SCH) is a complex, psychiatric disorder affecting 1 % of population. Its clinical phenotype is heterogeneous with delusions, hallucinations, depression, disorganized behaviour and negative symptoms. Bipolar affective disorder (BD) refers to periodic changes in mood and activity from depression to mania. It affects 0.5-1.5 % of population. Two types of disorder (type I and type II) are distinguished by severity of mania episodes. In our analysis, we aimed to check if clinical and demographical characteristics of the sample are predictors of symptom dimensions occurrence in BD and SCH cases. We included total sample of 443 bipolar and 439 schizophrenia patients. Diagnosis was based on DSM-IV criteria using Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV. We applied regression models to analyse associations between clinical and demographical traits from OPCRIT and symptom dimensions. We used previously computed dimensions of schizophrenia and bipolar affective disorder as quantitative traits for regression models. Male gender seemed protective factor for depression dimension in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder sample. Presence of definite psychosocial stressor prior disease seemed risk factor for depressive and suicidal domain in BD and SCH. OPCRIT items describing premorbid functioning seemed related with depression, positive and disorganised dimensions in schizophrenia and psychotic in BD. We proved clinical and demographical characteristics of the sample are predictors of symptom dimensions of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. We also saw relation between clinical dimensions and course of disorder and impairment during disorder.

  4. Interprofessional clinical education for occupational therapy and psychology students: a social skills training program for children with autism spectrum disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howell, Dana M; Wittman, Peggy; Bundy, Myra Beth

    2012-01-01

    An interprofessional clinical learning experience was developed for pre-licensure occupational therapy (OT) and psychology graduate students. Students worked in interprofessional teams to plan and implement a social skills training program for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The objectives were to provide a hands-on, student-led clinical experience; facilitate interprofessional collaborative learning through leadership partnerships and teach children with ASD to engage in appropriate social skill behaviors. Concurrently, faculty performed qualitative research to explore how the students worked together to provide intervention to the children. Data were collected via interview, direct observation of student planning sessions and student interprofessional interactions, and collection of posts from an online social network site used for session planning. There were six student participants and two faculty participants. Four themes emerged: learning who I am as a professional, learning to appreciate our professional differences, learning to communicate with each other and figuring it out, for the benefit of the kids. This interprofessional clinical learning experience and research helps ensure that students are adequately prepared to represent their profession as part of a diverse interprofessional health care team.

  5. Stepped care targeting psychological distress in head and neck and lung cancer patients: a randomized clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krebber Anne-Marie H

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Psychological distress is common in cancer survivors. Although there is some evidence on effectiveness of psychosocial care in distressed cancer patients, referral rate is low. Lack of adequate screening instruments in oncology settings and insufficient availability of traditional models of psychosocial care are the main barriers. A stepped care approach has the potential to improve the efficiency of psychosocial care. The aim of the study described herein is to evaluate efficacy of a stepped care strategy targeting psychological distress in cancer survivors. Methods/design The study is designed as a randomized clinical trial with 2 treatment arms: a stepped care intervention programme versus care as usual. Patients treated for head and neck cancer (HNC or lung cancer (LC are screened for distress using OncoQuest, a computerized touchscreen system. After stratification for tumour (HNC vs. LC and stage (stage I/II vs. III/IV, 176 distressed patients are randomly assigned to the intervention or control group. Patients in the intervention group will follow a stepped care model with 4 evidence based steps: 1. Watchful waiting, 2. Guided self-help via Internet or a booklet, 3. Problem Solving Treatment administered by a specialized nurse, and 4. Specialized psychological intervention or antidepressant medication. In the control group, patients receive care as usual which most often is a single interview or referral to specialized intervention. Primary outcome is the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS. Secondary outcome measures are a clinical level of depression or anxiety (CIDI, quality of life (EQ-5D, EORTC QLQ-C30, QLQ-HN35, QLQ-LC13, patient satisfaction with care (EORTC QLQ-PATSAT, and costs (health care utilization and work loss (TIC-P and PRODISQ modules. Outcomes are evaluated before and after intervention and at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months after intervention. Discussion Stepped care is a system of delivering and

  6. Applying psychological theories to evidence-based clinical practice: Identifying factors predictive of managing upper respiratory tract infections without antibiotics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glidewell Elizabeth

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Psychological models can be used to understand and predict behaviour in a wide range of settings. However, they have not been consistently applied to health professional behaviours, and the contribution of differing theories is not clear. The aim of this study was to explore the usefulness of a range of psychological theories to predict health professional behaviour relating to management of upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs without antibiotics. Methods Psychological measures were collected by postal questionnaire survey from a random sample of general practitioners (GPs in Scotland. The outcome measures were clinical behaviour (using antibiotic prescription rates as a proxy indicator, behavioural simulation (scenario-based decisions to managing URTI with or without antibiotics and behavioural intention (general intention to managing URTI without antibiotics. Explanatory variables were the constructs within the following theories: Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB, Social Cognitive Theory (SCT, Common Sense Self-Regulation Model (CS-SRM, Operant Learning Theory (OLT, Implementation Intention (II, Stage Model (SM, and knowledge (a non-theoretical construct. For each outcome measure, multiple regression analysis was used to examine the predictive value of each theoretical model individually. Following this 'theory level' analysis, a 'cross theory' analysis was conducted to investigate the combined predictive value of all significant individual constructs across theories. Results All theories were tested, but only significant results are presented. When predicting behaviour, at the theory level, OLT explained 6% of the variance and, in a cross theory analysis, OLT 'evidence of habitual behaviour' also explained 6%. When predicting behavioural simulation, at the theory level, the proportion of variance explained was: TPB, 31%; SCT, 26%; II, 6%; OLT, 24%. GPs who reported having already decided to change their management to

  7. Attachment style and its relationship to working alliance in the supervision of British clinical psychology trainees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickson, Joanne M; Moberly, Nicholas J; Marshall, Yehuda; Reilly, James

    2011-01-01

    Although the supervisory relationship is thought to be critical in training clinical psychologists, little is known about factors affecting the supervisory alliance. We conducted an Internet survey of British clinical doctoral trainees (N = 259) in which participants rated their supervisory working alliance, parental style during childhood, pathological adult attachment behaviours and attachment style for themselves and their supervisors. Trainees' ratings of the working alliance were associated with perceptions of supervisors' attachment style, but not with perceptions of trainees' own attachment styles. Path analysis supported a causal chain linking parental indifference, compulsive self-reliance, insecure supervisor attachment style and lower ratings of the working alliance. Our results broadly replicate data from a US sample and suggest that attachment theory is helpful in understanding clinical supervisory processes.

  8. Clinical Holistic Medicine: A Psychological Theory of Dependency to Improve Quality of Life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Søren Ventegodt

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we suggest a psychological theory of dependency as an escape from feeling existential suffering and a poor quality of life. The ways in which human beings escape hidden existential pains are multiple. The wide range of dependency states seems to be the most common escape strategy used. If the patient can be guided into the hidden existential pain to feel, understand, and integrate it, we believe that dependency can be cured. The problem is that the patient must be highly motivated, sufficiently resourceful, and supported to want such a treatment that is inherently painful. Often, the family and surrounding world is suffering more than the dependent person himself, because the pattern of behavior the patient is dependent on makes him or her rather insensitive and unable to feel. If the patient is motivated, resourceful, and trusts his physician, recovery from even a severe state of dependency is not out of reach, if the holistic medical tools are applied wisely. The patient must find hidden resources to take action, then in therapy confront and feel old emotional pain, understand the source and inner logic of it, and finally learn to let go of negative attitudes and beliefs. In this way, the person can be healed and released of the emotional suffering and no longer be a slave to the dependency pattern.

  9. Childhood Developmental Disorders: An Academic and Clinical Convergence Point for Psychiatry, Neurology, Psychology and Pediatrics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reiss, Allan L.

    2009-01-01

    Background: Significant advances in understanding brain development and behavior have not been accompanied by revisions of traditional academic structure. Disciplinary isolation and a lack of meaningful interdisciplinary opportunities are persistent barriers in academic medicine. To enhance clinical practice, research, and training for the next…

  10. AMEDD Clinical Psychology Short Course Held in Fort Gordon, Georgia on 13-17 February 1989

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-06-01

    velocity ( NCV ) evaluations, and occupational therapists performing primary upper extremity musculoskeletal evaluations. When clinical social workers...functioning in these patients, and about which specific brain functions are most likely to be affected by the AIDS virus . These divergent opinions...pertinent literature on the neuropsychological effects of the AIDS virus , this paper presents a rationale and specific recommendations for conducting a

  11. Networks as complex dynamic systems: applications to clinical and developmental psychology and psychopathology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Geert, Paul L C; Steenbeek, Henderien W

    2010-06-01

    Cramer et al.'s article is an example of the fruitful application of complex dynamic systems theory. We extend their approach with examples from our own work on development and developmental psychopathology and address three issues: (1) the level of aggregation of the network, (2) the required research methodology, and (3) the clinical and educational application of dynamic network thinking.

  12. The Course of Nonspecific Work-Related Upper Limb Disorders and the Influence of Demographic Factors, Psychologic Factors, and Physical Fitness on Clinical Status and Disability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Eijsden-Besseling, Marjon D.; van den Bergh, Karien A.; Staal, J. Bart; de Bie, Rob A.; van den Heuvel, Wim J.

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To assess the course of nonspecific work-related upper limb disorders (WRULD) and the influence of sociodemographic factors, psychologic factors, and physical fitness on clinical status and functional disability. Design: Retrospective cohort study with cross-sectional analysis among compu

  13. Psychological, clinical and social characteristics of patients implementing different types of aggression in the hospital (gender aspect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bulygina V.G.

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Results of the comparative analysis of clinical, social and psycho-pathological predictors of violations of the regime requirements, physical and verbal aggression among mentally ill women and men during the compulsory treatment are presented. It is revealed that the type of aggression in women sample significantly more frequently associated with clinical and social and pathopsychological characteristics: emotional unstable stew, learned in childhood and adolescence behavioral model of aggression and the severity of hostility and suspicion; the inertia of mental processes combined with low level of the cognitive functioning and a violation of insight in a broad sense. Among men – with the emotional and personal deformation, which were revealed before the beginning of illness, the decline in cognitive functioning and undeveloped links in the regulation of behavior, high level of aggressiveness in communication, internal conflict combined with the rigidity of self-concept. The authors concluded that assessment of risk factors from hospital-acquired aggression is an independent psycho-diagnostic work that needs to be provided with special tools, aimed whilst on the study of individual psychological characteristics of the regulation of behavior, strategies coping, communication installations and the treats of the aggression, as well as subjective ratings of social functioning in the hospital.

  14. EMBODIED AND EXBODIED MIND IN CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY. A PROPOSAL FOR A PSYCHO-SOCIAL INTERPRETATION OF MENTAL DISORDERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto eZatti

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available A brief theoretical review of the current state of the art of embodiment research in clinical psychology has been expounded in order to highlight the key role that embodied conceptualization has on the understanding and explanation of several mental disorders, such as eating disorders, schizophrenia and depression. Evidence has suggested that mental disorders may be explained as disturbances of embodiment, from the disembodiment to the hyperembodiment. In order to understand how some clinical conditions are affected by cultural models, we propose and define a new framework called Exbodiment, complementary to the Embodiment approach to cognition. Mental disorder is strictly related to the subject-culture interaction that may be explained as a two way process in which embodiment and exbodiment are complementary points of view. In this perspective, embodiment may be seen as the top-down process, while exbodiment the bottom-up one. The introduction of exbodiment conceptualization highlights how subject is both receiver and interpreter of social influence. Subject is the target of a cultural pressure and, at the same time, enacts its own embodied culture in world. Exbodiment conceptualization may help clinicians to better understand and explain the role of culture in the onset and maintenance of mental disorders.

  15. The Impact of Demographic, Clinical, Symptom and Psychological Characteristics on the Trajectories of Acute Postoperative Pain After Total Knee Arthroplasty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miaskowski, Christine; Rustøen, Tone; Rosseland, Leiv Arne; Paul, Steven M.; Cooper, Bruce A.; Lerdal, Anners

    2017-01-01

    Objective. Total knee arthroplasty is a painful procedure. No studies have evaluated modifiable predictors of acute postoperative pain trajectories during hospitalization. Methods. Consecutive patients (N = 188) were enrolled in a longitudinal cohort study and completed a demographic questionnaire, as well as the Brief Pain Inventory, Hospital Depression and Anxiety Scale, Lee Fatigue Scale, Fatigue Severity Scale, and Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire on the day before surgery. Clinical data were extracted from medical records. Setting and Patients. Each patient completed a pain diary that assessed pain at rest and with activity, and hours per day in pain every evening from day of surgery until postoperative day 3. Using hierarchical linear modeling, we investigated which demographic, clinical, symptom, and psychological characteristics predicted initial levels as well as the trajectories of acute pain at rest and with activity, and hours per day in pain. Results. Higher levels of all three acute pain characteristics on the day of surgery resulted in worse trajectories. Higher pain scores with rest and with activity on the day of surgery were associated with more days with femoral block, higher average dose of opioids, and higher emotional response to osteoarthritis. Higher number of comorbidities, higher average dose of opioids, and lower perceived control predicted more hours per day in pain on the day of surgery. Conclusions. This study identified several potentially modifiable predictors of worsening pain trajectories following total knee arthroplasty. Optimal pain management warrants identification of these high-risk patients and treatment of modifiable risk factors. PMID:27165969

  16. Eliminating "ductal carcinoma in situ" and "lobular carcinoma in situ" (DCIS and LCIS) terminology in clinical breast practice: The cognitive psychology point of view.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pravettoni, Gabriella; Yoder, Whitney R; Riva, Silvia; Mazzocco, Ketti; Arnaboldi, Paola; Galimberti, Viviana

    2016-02-01

    There is evidence from the literature that the terms "ductal carcinoma in situ" and "lobular carcinoma in situ" (DCIS and LCIS) should be eliminated in clinical breast cancer practice and replaced with the new "ductal intraepithelial neoplasia" (DIN) and "lobular intraepithelial neoplasia" (LIN) terminology. The main purpose of the present article is to expand on this argument from a cognitive psychology perspective and offer suggestions for further research, emphasizing how the elimination of the term "carcinoma" in "in situ" breast cancer diagnoses has the potential to reduce both patient and health care professional confusion and misperceptions that are often associated with the DCIS and LCIS diagnoses, as well as limit the adverse psychological effects of women receiving a DCIS or LCIS diagnosis. We comment on the recent peer-reviewed literature on the clinical implications and psychological consequences for breast cancer patients receiving a DCIS or LCIS diagnosis and we use a cognitive perspective to offer new insight into the benefits of embracing the new DIN and LIN terminology. Using cognitive psychology and cognitive science in general, as a foundation, further research is advocated in order to yield data in support of changing the terminology and therefore, offer a chance to significantly improve the lives and psychological sequelae of women facing such a diagnosis. Typology: Controversies/Short Commentary.

  17. Healthcare Reform and Preparing the Future Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology Workforce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janicke, David M; Fritz, Alyssa M; Rozensky, Ronald H

    2015-01-01

    The healthcare environment is undergoing important changes for both patients and providers, in part due to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). Ultimately the healthcare delivery system will function very differently by the end of this decade. These changes will have important implications for the education, training, scientific inquiry, and practice of clinical child and adolescent psychologists. In this article we provide a brief description of the fundamental features of the ACA, with a specific focus on critical components of the act that have important, specific implications for clinical child and adolescents psychologists. We then provide recommendations to help position our field to thrive in the evolving healthcare environment to help facilitate further awareness and promote discussion of both challenges and opportunities that face our field in this evolving health care environment.

  18. Clinical, psychological, and personality correlates of asceticism in anorexia nervosa: from saint anorexia to pathologic perfectionism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fassino, Secondo; Pierò, Andrea; Gramaglia, Carla; Daga, Giovanni Abbate; Gandione, Marina; Rovera, Giovanni Giacomo; Bartocci, Goffredo

    2006-12-01

    This study investigated the personality and clinical correlates of asceticism in 154 anorectic patients. Multiple linear regression models showed that asceticism was related to angry temperament, high control over anger, perfectionism, maturity fears, and number of vomiting episodes per week. These results suggest that the self-discipline and hypercontrol of anorectic patients are related to a temperament prone to angry feelings in subjects with a fear of becoming adult and with a trait of pathologic perfectionism.

  19. Irritable bowel syndrome subtypes: clinical and psychological features, body mass index and comorbidities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiane Kibune-Nagasako

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS is classified into subtypes according to bowel habit. Objective: To investigate whether there are differences in clinical features, comorbidities, anxiety, depression and body mass index (BMI among IBS subtypes. Methods: The study group included 113 consecutive patients (mean age: 48 ± 11 years; females: 94 with the diagnosis of IBS. All of them answered a structured questionnaire for demographic and clinical data and underwent upper endoscopy. Anxiety and depression were assessed by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HAD. Results: The distribution of subtypes was: IBS-diarrhea (IBS-D, 46%; IBS-constipation (IBS-C, 32%, and mixed IBS (IBS-M, 22%. IBS overlap with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD, functional dyspepsia, chronic headache and fibromyalgia occurred in 65.5%, 48.7%, 40.7% and 22.1% of patients, respectively. Anxiety and/or depression were found in 81.5%. Comparisons among subgroups showed that bloating was significantly associated with IBS-M compared to IBS-D (odds ratio-OR-5.6. Straining was more likely to be reported by IBS-M (OR 15.3 and IBS-C (OR 12.0 compared to IBS-D patients, while urgency was associated with both IBS-M (OR 19.7 and IBS-D (OR 14.2 compared to IBS-C. In addition, IBS-M patients were more likely to present GERD than IBS-D (OR 6.7 and higher scores for anxiety than IBS-C patients (OR 1.2. BMI values did not differ between IBS-D and IBS-C. Conclusion: IBS-M is characterized by symptoms frequently reported by both IBS-C (straining and IBS-D (urgency, higher levels of anxiety, and high prevalence of comorbidities. These features should be considered in the clinical management of this subgroup.

  20. Art, clinical moral perception, and the moral psychology of healthcare professionalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rentmeester, Christy A; Severson, Susie

    2014-01-01

    This essay describes an example of how we-one professor of the elective course Art, Medicine, and Clinical Moral Perception at Creighton University School of Medicine, one Director of Adult Programs at the Joslyn Museum of Art in Omaha, Nebraska, and fourth year medical students-practice perception skills using art objects. This essay presents one example of the journal assignments to which students respond in written narratives about their own perception habits. We also share questions any health professions educator can use to guide students' study of their habits of perception using art objects.

  1. Dynamics of the psychological features and clinical symptoms in mitral valve prolapse patients receiving long-term integrative psychotherapy for anxiety disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zinchenko Y.

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to investigate the dynamics of the psychological features and clinical symptoms in mitral valve prolapse (MVP patients receiving long-term integrative psychotherapy for anxiety disorders (AD and to investigate the psychological factors of their improvement in mental health as a result of psychotherapy. Thirty-two MVP patients with AD attended long-term integrative psychotherapy. Psychological and clinical examinations of the patients were made before and after the therapy courses and in a follow-up study after 2, 5, and 10 years. Data from the study show that 78.1% of the patients who attended psychotherapy sessions demonstrated valid improvements in self-rated psychological well-being and a reduction in their anxiety levels. Analysis of emotion-regulation strategies showed that psychotherapy encouraged the use of strategies effective for solving adaptive tasks. Positive dynamics in the development of personality reflection, the recognition of one’s emotional experiences, improved skills of self-regulation, and growing awareness of actual needs, individual purposes, and personality resources—all were associated with the reduction of MVP clinical symptoms. The psychiatrist who interviewed the patients reported that most of them were in sustained remission.

  2. Applying psychological theories to evidence-based clinical practice: identifying factors predictive of placing preventive fissure sealants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maclennan Graeme

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Psychological models are used to understand and predict behaviour in a wide range of settings, but have not been consistently applied to health professional behaviours, and the contribution of differing theories is not clear. This study explored the usefulness of a range of models to predict an evidence-based behaviour -- the placing of fissure sealants. Methods Measures were collected by postal questionnaire from a random sample of general dental practitioners (GDPs in Scotland. Outcomes were behavioural simulation (scenario decision-making, and behavioural intention. Predictor variables were from the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB, Social Cognitive Theory (SCT, Common Sense Self-regulation Model (CS-SRM, Operant Learning Theory (OLT, Implementation Intention (II, Stage Model, and knowledge (a non-theoretical construct. Multiple regression analysis was used to examine the predictive value of each theoretical model individually. Significant constructs from all theories were then entered into a 'cross theory' stepwise regression analysis to investigate their combined predictive value Results Behavioural simulation - theory level variance explained was: TPB 31%; SCT 29%; II 7%; OLT 30%. Neither CS-SRM nor stage explained significant variance. In the cross theory analysis, habit (OLT, timeline acute (CS-SRM, and outcome expectancy (SCT entered the equation, together explaining 38% of the variance. Behavioural intention - theory level variance explained was: TPB 30%; SCT 24%; OLT 58%, CS-SRM 27%. GDPs in the action stage had significantly higher intention to place fissure sealants. In the cross theory analysis, habit (OLT and attitude (TPB entered the equation, together explaining 68% of the variance in intention. Summary The study provides evidence that psychological models can be useful in understanding and predicting clinical behaviour. Taking a theory-based approach enables the creation of a replicable methodology for

  3. Supporting cancer patients and their carers: the contribution of art therapy and clinical psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Gudrun; Browning, Mary

    2009-11-01

    The value of various types of psychosocial support for people with cancer is now becoming well established. Typically the term 'psychosocial' includes: counselling and psychotherapy, cognitive behaviour therapy, education and information, and social support. The research literature sometimes fails to clarify the exact nature of the different approaches and their relative efficacy. Inevitably, even within a specific type of therapeutic approach, there is variation owing to the professional background and skills of different practitioners. This article describes the relative contributions made by an art psychotherapist and a clinical psychologist working together in a cancer and palliative care service in Wales. The referrals come from the same sources and tend to be for similar types of problem. The assessment and formulation processes are also broadly similar. Interventions, however, are markedly different. These are described in some detail through case study examples.

  4. Virtual reality in Latin American clinical psychology and the VREPAR project. Virtual Reality Environments for Psycho-Neuro-physiological Assessment and Rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Mauro Rubens

    2002-10-01

    Starting with the excellent collective work done by the European Community (EC)-funded Virtual Reality Environments for Psycho-Neuro-physiological Assessment and Rehabilitation (VREPAR) projects, I try to indicate some possible pathways that would allow a better integration of this advanced technology into the reality of Latin American psychology. I myself use analyses that I did in my master's degree in the PUCSP-Catholic University in São Paulo, Brazil. I also include a brief description of the CD-ROM Clinical Psychology Uses of Virtual Reality (CPUVR) that accompanies my thesis. I point out the importance of collaboration between psychology and other disciplines, including computer science. I explain the method that I used to work with digital information, important for the formation of a critical mass of people thinking in Portuguese and Spanish to accelerate a technological jump.

  5. Breast cancer early psychological intervention in the treatment of clinical experience%早期乳腺癌保乳的心理介入治疗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡军; 黄晓睿

    2009-01-01

    Objective Discussing the rationality of psychological intervening therapy in the treatment of early breast neoplasm. Methods By summarizing and reviewing 84 patients suffering from the early breast cancer between January of 2003 and December of 2005, we procured some information of their clinical manifes-tations, clinical therapy and statistic results of psychological assessment. Results By intervening the psycho-logical therapy, the patients' self-efficiency and living quality can be bettered. Conclusion Patients with early breast neoplasm need to have a comprehensive treatment with general or local therapy and individual psychologi-cal intervention. Nevertheless, it is rather practical to enhance the general level of prevention and therapy of breast neoplasm through the research of psychological problems after the operation.%目的 探讨心理介入治疗在早期乳腺癌治疗中的合理性.方法 总结回顾2003年1月至2005年12月间84例患者的临床特征、治疗方法 及心理评估统计结果 等资料.结果 心理介入治疗可以提高患者的自我效能及生存质量.结论 早期乳腺癌患者需要进行全身、局部疗法、心理个性化干预等的综合治疗.而重视乳腺癌术后心理问题的研究,对于提高乳腺癌整体防治水平具有一定的现实意义.

  6. Clinical and psychological impact of prophylactic implantable cardioverter-defibrillators in a community heart failure population.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Arnous, S

    2012-02-01

    AIMS: ICD implantation for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (ejection fraction <\\/= 35%) has increased since the publication of the SCD-HEFT and MADIT-II data. The aim of this study is to examine the effectiveness and safety of prophylactic ICD use in a community heart failure population and to assess the impact on patient\\'s quality of life. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy-one ICDs were inserted between the years 2002 and 2006. The mean follow-up from time of insertion was 24 +\\/- 11 months. Eighteen patients (25%) had potentially life-saving therapy. Seven (10%) patients received inappropriate shocks. Complications were encountered in five patients (7%). CONCLUSION: In a community heart failure population, prophylactic ICD implantation is associated with a high incidence of life-saving therapy, a low complication rate and a high level of tolerability. These data indicate translation of clinical trial benefits to the general heart failure population.

  7. Teaching Clinical (and Nonclinical) Psychology through Applications to the Legal System: Violence Risk Assessment and the Insanity Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costanzo, Marina L.; Costanzo, Mark A.

    2013-01-01

    The prediction of dangerousness and the insanity defense are two areas where psychologists provide research-based expertise to the courts. Teachers of psychology can use these topics to capture the attention of students and to show how psychological research and theory can inform and influence the legal system. Specifically, teachers can use the…

  8. Clinical application of psychological nursing intervention in cosmetic surgery%心理护理干预在整形美容中的临床应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周娜; 陈淼

    2014-01-01

    目的 探讨心理护理干预在整形美容中的临床应用.方法 收集96例整形美容求术者临床资料,评估其心理状况,进行心理护理干预,比较干预前后心理状况变化.结果 术前正常心理、轻度异常心理和异常心理分别为64.58%、34.38%和1.04%;术后,未进行心理护理干预前正常心理、轻度异常心理和异常心理分别为38.95%、60.00%和1.05%,进行心理护理干预后则分别为69.47%、30.53%和0.结论 在整形美容中,心理护理干预有助于培养正常心理,降低异常心理的比例,提高受术者的满意度,减少医疗纠纷.%Objective To investigate clinical application of psychological nursing intervention in cosmetic surgery.Methods A total of 96 cases of cosmetic surgery were collected.Psychological status was assessed and the patients were given psychological nursing intervention.psychological changes were compared.Results The rates of normal psychological group,mildly abnormal psychology and abnormal group were 64.68%,34.18% and 1.04% respectively before surgery.After the cosmetic surgery,the rate of the three groups were changed as follows:69.47%,30.53 % and 0.Conclusions Psychological nursing intervention is effective for forming normal psychology,reducing the rate of abnormal psychology,improving the patients' satisfaction,and reducing the medical disputes.

  9. 脑梗死患者心理状态临床分析及对策%Clinical Analysis of the Psychological Problems of Cerebral Infarction Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王道英

    2009-01-01

    Objective To study the cerebral infarction patients with psychological problems,so that patients maintain the best psychological state,actively cooperate with the treatment of disease and recover early. Methods 90 eases of cerebral infarction patients by age group is divided into youth and old age group. From the perspective of their care from clinical data,looking for different age groups of patients with psychological problems,for different psychological problems,with psychological support,psychological counseling and active listening to the method of kneading and the patients with psychological support. Results The psychological state of patients with cerebral infarction and age are closely related. Conclusion According to different ages for different psychological care to patients with cerebral infarction implementation of the measures can effectively reduce the complications and sequel someway, improving the quality of life earlier.%目的 探讨脑梗死患者的心理问题,使患者保持最佳的心理状态,积极配合治疗.促进疾病早日康复.方法 将90例脑梗死患者按年龄分为青年组和老年组.从护理角度对其临床资料进行分开,寻找不同年龄组患者的心理问题,针对不同的心理问题,用心理安慰、心理疏导和积极倾听相揉和的方法,对患者进行心理支持.结果 脑梗死患者的心理状态与年龄密切相关.结论 根据不同年龄,针对不同心理状态对脑梗死患者实施护理能早期有效的康复训练,一定程度上降低并发症、后遗症.提高生活质量.

  10. A Review of Postive Functioning Assessment in Clinical Psychology%临床心理学领域积极功能评估研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚树桥; 朱雪玲; 王孟成

    2011-01-01

    Positive psychology has led to an increasing emphasis on the promotion of positive functioning in clinical psychology research and practice, raising issues of how to assess the positive function in clinical setting. In order to introduce this promising area to domestic researchers and practitioners, and then to promote their emphasis on this issue, the present paper has briefly reviewed the assessment tools that recently used in current research literature.%伴随着积极心理学运动的兴起,国际临床心理学评估领域目前也逐渐开始关注积极功能评估.本文就近年开发的积极功能评估问卷进行简要同顾,以推动国内同行对积极功能评估的重视.

  11. A journal for our challenging, changing times: an editorial vision for the next five years of the Journal of Clinical Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, Timothy R

    2011-09-01

    The Journal of Clinical Psychology now features articles accepted by the new editorial team that will direct the journal over the next 5 years. Timothy R. Elliott serves as editor-in-chief and James Overholser is the senior associate editor. Associate editors are Linda Castillo, Kathleen Chwalisz, Stephanie Felgoise, and Bruce Rybarczyk. This editorial presents the editorial vision for the journal over the next 5 years, and presents changes in journal content.

  12. Psicologia do Trabalho e Psicologia Clínica: um ensaio de articulação focalizando o desemprego Work Psychology and Clinical Psychology: an essay of articulation focusing the unemployment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leny Sato

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo explora contribuições e limites da psicologia e, mais especificamente, da clínica psicológica, no enfrentamento do sofrimento psíquico advindo do desemprego. Sintetiza idéias construídas a partir de um conjunto de pesquisas que vem sendo desenvolvido pelo Centro de Psicologia Aplicada ao Trabalho e Serviço de Aconselhamento Psicológico do Instituto de Psicologia da Universidade de São Paulo. Baseia-se em pesquisas empíricas sobre as representações de estagiários de psicologia, o lugar do desemprego nas queixas psicológicas, representações da clientela a respeito do sofrimento psíquico e desemprego e sobre as representações e práticas de desempregados sobre temporalidade e desemprego, e em pesquisa teórica sobre as noções de situação e morada. Tais reflexões encaminham-se para uma focalização crítica da visão utilitarista do trabalho, procurando responder de que maneira e em que circunstâncias uma abordagem psicológica pode constituir representações e práticas de ajuda contra-hegemônicas em relação ao utilitarismo.This article explores contributions and limits of psychology, and more specifically, of clinical psychology, coping with psychological suffering concerning unemployment. It is based upon some studies about unemployment representations and psychological suffering developed by the Center of Work Applied Psychology and by the Counseling Center of Instituto de Psicologia - Universidade de São Paulo. These data have permitted to focus, in a critical way, the utilitarian conception of work, trying to answer how and under which circumstances a psychological approach may build contra-hegemonics representations and assistance practices in opposition to utilitarian conception of work.

  13. Clinical problems in neurodevelopmental diagnosis: a 7-year neurological and psychological follow-up study of low risk preterm infants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fedrizzi, E; Zuccarino, M L; Vizziello, P

    1986-04-01

    24 selected urban middle class low risk preterm infants and 10 full term infants have been followed up to the age of 7 years in a prospective neurodevelopmental study. The aim was to find out whether the neurological and behavioral peculiarities of the preterm infant fall within the range of variability of sign and function development or whether they are the clinical features of minor neurological dysfunction. The infants were assessed neurologically according to Amiel-Tison at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months of corrected age and by Touwen's examination for minor neurological dysfunction at 3, 5 and 7 years. They were assessed psychologically at 6, 9, 12 and 36 months on Griffiths' Developmental Scale and at 7 years on the Wechsler Bellevue Scale. 33% of the sample was lost to follow-up. The outcome of neurological assessment was as follows: no major sequelae such as cerebral palsy or mental deficiency; 50% had transient neurological anomalies (TNA) during the first year of life, lasting more than 6 months in 16.7%; no minor neurological dysfunctions were detected at 5 and 7 years but the non optimal signs scores were higher in infants of low gestational age. The scores on the Griffiths scale were poorer in the preterm infants between 6 months and 5 years of corrected age, especially in the performance and hearing-speech areas. Performance failures seemed to be related to the duration and type of TNA in the first year of life. General, verbal and performance quotients on the WISC at 7 years were normal and there were no learning or behavior problems. The mild TNA found in low risk preterm infants in the first year of life appear to be of no predictive value for school age problems.

  14. Evidence-Based Psychological Interventions for the Management of Pediatric Chronic Pain: New Directions in Research and Clinical Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coakley, Rachael; Wihak, Tessa

    2017-01-01

    Over the past 20 years our knowledge about evidence-based psychological interventions for pediatric chronic pain has dramatically increased. Overall, the evidence in support of psychological interventions for pediatric chronic pain is strong, demonstrating positive psychological and behavioral effects for a variety of children with a range of pain conditions. However, wide scale access to effective psychologically-based pain management treatments remains a challenge for many children who suffer with pain. Increasing access to care and reducing persistent biomedical biases that inhibit attainment of psychological services are a central focus of current pain treatment interventions. Additionally, as the number of evidence-based treatments increase, tailoring treatments to a child or family’s particular needs is increasingly possible. This article will (1) discuss the theoretical frameworks as well as the specific psychological skills and strategies that currently hold promise as effective agents of change; (2) review and summarize trends in the development of well-researched outpatient interventions over the past ten years; and (3) discuss future directions for intervention research on pediatric chronic pain. PMID:28165415

  15. Nonlinear dynamics in psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen J. Guastello

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available This article provides a survey of the applications of nonlinear dynamical systems theory to substantive problems encountered in the full scope of psychological science. Applications are organized into three topical areas – cognitive science, social and organizational psychology, and personality and clinical psychology. Both theoretical and empirical studies are considered with an emphasis on works that capture the broadest scope of issues that are of substantive interest to psychological theory. A budding literature on the implications of NDS principles in professional practice is reported also.

  16. The Representation of Applied Psychology Areas in Introductory Psychology Textbooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haselhuhn, Charlotte W.; Clopton, Kerri L.

    2008-01-01

    Many psychology majors indicate helping others as a reason for majoring in psychology, yet many enter positions not closely related to the field. This discrepancy may be due to a lack of student knowledge of the applied areas of psychology. The purpose of this study was to investigate the coverage of clinical, counseling,…

  17. Implement of psychological intervention for tumor patients with clinical practice guidelines for the psychological care%以"心理护理实践指南"为指导对肿瘤患者实施心理干预

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑晓莉; 刘建红; 汪吕慧

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the effect of psychological intervention for tumor patients with clinical practice guidelines for the psychological care. Methods Totally, 213 tumor patients receiving chemotherapy were randomly divided into an observation group(n =102) and a control group(n= 111). The control group received routine nursing care. Nurses of the observation group additionally implemented psychological intervention for patiesnts with clinical practice guidelines for the psychological care: they established good relationship with the patients, provided all sorts of information, paid attention to giving patients emotional and social support, and positively and rationally dealt with patients′ strong negative emotion. Anxiety and depression level of the two groups was measured by using Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) and Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) on admission day and the 21st day of intervention. Results After the intervention, the scores of SAS and SDS in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0. 01 for both). Conclusion Implement of psychological intervention for tumor patients with clinical practice guidelines for the psychological care helps tumor patients to reduce the level of anxiety and depression.%目的 探讨以"心理护理实践指南"为指导对肿瘤患者实施心理干预的效果. 方法 将213例肿瘤化疗患者按随机数字表分为观察组(102例)和对照组(111例).对照组按常规进行治疗及护理,护理措施包括入院介绍、饮食护理、健康教育等;观察组在常规治疗及护理基础上,以"心理护理实践指南"为指导对肿瘤患者实施心理干预,即与患者建立良好的护患关系,为患者提供相关资讯信息,重视患者的情感和社会支持,积极、合理地处理患者的强烈负性情绪.分别于入院当天及干预后第21天采用抑郁自评量表(SDS)和焦虑自评量表(SAS)进行焦虑、抑郁评分. 结果 干预后观

  18. 临床心理护理小组在患者心理健康管理中的实践%Clinical Practice of Psychological Nursing Group in the Mental Health Management of Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史定妹

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore and analyze the impact of the clinical psychological nursing group on the mental health management .Methods The clinical psychological nursing group was established by quali-fied nurses ,the group members apply psychological nursing knowledge and skills to effectively give psy-chological care and psychological intervention to the patients .Results By setting up clinical psychological nursing group , the level of psychological nursing consciousness and knowledge of all the nurses are enhanced dramatically through the training , and the patients ’ satisfaction with nursing service are improved significantly ,and it reflects the overall nursing idea of taking patients as center .Conclusion As a kind of psychological nursing mode ,clinical psychological nursing group can continuously improve the quality of psychological nursing work and perfect the holistic nursing .%目的:探讨和分析临床心理护理小组在患者心理健康管理中的作用。方法具有心理咨询师证书的护士组成临床心理护理小组,小组成员运用心理护理知识和技能对患者进行有效的心理护理和心理干预。结果成立临床心理护理小组,通过培训加强护士的心理护理意识和心理学知识水平,使患者对护理工作的满意度明显提高,体现了以人为本的整体护理观念。结论临床心理护理小组作为一种心理护理模式,可持续提高心理护理工作质量,深化整体护理。

  19. Personality theory, abnormal psychology, and psychological measurement. A psychological behaviorism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staats, A W

    1993-01-01

    Behaviorism, because it has not had a theory of personality, has been separated from the rest of psychology, unable in large part to draw from or contribute to it. Traditional psychology has not had a theory of personality that says what personality is, how it comes about, or how it functions. An antagonism has resulted that weakens rather than complements each tradition. Psychological behaviorism presents a new type of theory of personality. Derived from experimentation, it is constructed from basic theories of emotion, language, and sensory-motor behavior. It says personality is composed of learned basic behavioral repertoires (BBRs) that affect behavior. Personality measurement instruments are analyzed in terms of the BBRs, beginning the behaviorization of this field and calling for much additional research. These multilevel developments are then basic in psychological behaviorism's theory of abnormal behavior and of clinical treatment. The approach opens many new avenues of empirical and theoretical work.

  20. From Dunce to Doctor: A Critical Autobiography of a Dyslexic Doctoral Student Pursuing a Doctorate of Clinical Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunt, David N.

    2013-01-01

    Much is known about the phenomenon of learning disabilities, especially dyslexia in children. Only recently, however, has psychological research focused on adult learning disabilities. The bulk of research on the phenomenon of adult learning disabilities has been quantitative research, which neglected the subjective experience of those it is…

  1. Psychological factors associated with the intention to choose for risk-reducing mastectomy in family cancer clinic attendees

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Driel, C M G; Oosterwijk, J C; Meijers-Heijboer, E J; van Asperen, C J; Zeijlmans van Emmichoven, I A; de Vries, J; Mourits, M J E; Henneman, L; Timmermans, D R M; de Bock, G H

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: Women seeking counseling because of familial breast cancer occurrence face difficult decisions, such as whether and when to opt for risk-reducing mastectomy (RRM) in case of BRCA1/2 mutation. Only limited research has been done to identify the psychological factors associated with the de

  2. Psychological factors associated with the intention to choose for risk-reducing mastectomy in family cancer clinic attendees

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Driel, C M G; Oosterwijk, J C; Meijers-Heijboer, E J; van Asperen, C J; Zeijlmans van Emmichoven, I A; de Vries, J; Mourits, M J E; Henneman, L; Timmermans, D R M; de Bock, G H

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Women seeking counseling because of familial breast cancer occurrence face difficult decisions, such as whether and when to opt for risk-reducing mastectomy (RRM) in case of BRCA1/2 mutation. Only limited research has been done to identify the psychological factors associated with the de

  3. Assessing Student Interest and Familiarity with Professional Psychology Specialty Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stark-Wroblewski, Kimberly; Wiggins, Tina L.; Ryan, Joseph J.

    2006-01-01

    The present study examined undergraduate psychology students' (N = 83) self-reported interest in and familiarity with five specialty areas in professional psychology: counseling psychology, clinical psychology, school psychology, forensic psychology, and criminal profiling. Results suggest that although students are quite interested in careers…

  4. Virtual Reality for Clinical Psychology%虚拟现实技术及其在临床心理学的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚玲玉; 李晶

    2016-01-01

    虚拟现实技术是临床心理学中常使用的突破普通刺激呈现局限的手段,能进一步拉近实验室与真实情境的相似度,为心理学研究带来革命性的进步。本文梳理了虚拟现实技术在恐惧症和焦虑症、进食障碍和创伤后应激障碍上的应用,其较传统心理学具有三个优势,最后指出虚拟现实技术在临床心理学上的应用仍然处于实验室阶段,还需要在技术、治疗方案、治疗范围上进一步拓展。%Clinical psychology often uses virtual reality technology, a breakthrough of presentation limitations of ordinary stimulus, to further narrow the similarity between lab and the real situation. It brings revolutionary progress for psy-chological research. This paper combs the virtual reality technology applied in phobia, anxiety, eating disorders and post-traumatic stress, analyzes three advantages by comparison with traditional psychology, and finally points out that the application of virtual reality technology in clinical psychology is still at the laboratory stage and needs to be improved in technology, the treatment schedule and the treatment scope.

  5. Prevalence of psychological distress and associated factors in tuberculosis patients in public primary care clinics in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peltzer Karl

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Psychological distress has been rarely investigated among tuberculosis patients in low-resource settings despite the fact that mental ill health has far-reaching consequences for the health outcome of tuberculosis (TB patients. In this study, we assessed the prevalence and predictors of psychological distress as a proxy for common mental disorders among tuberculosis (TB patients in South Africa, where over 60 % of the TB patients are co-infected with HIV. Methods We interviewed 4900 tuberculosis public primary care patients within one month of initiation of anti-tuberculosis treatment for the presence of psychological distress using the Kessler-10 item scale (K-10, and identified predictors of distress using multiple logistic regressions. The Kessler scale contains items associated with anxiety and depression. Data on socio-demographic variables, health status, alcohol and tobacco use and adherence to anti-TB drugs and anti-retroviral therapy (ART were collected using a structured questionnaire. Results Using a cut off score of ≥28 and ≥16 on the K-10, 32.9 % and 81 % of tuberculosis patients had symptoms of distress, respectively. In multivariable analysis older age (OR = 1.52; 95 % CI = 1.24-1.85, lower formal education (OR = 0.77; 95 % CI = 0.65-0.91, poverty (OR = 1.90; 95 % CI = 1.57-2.31 and not married, separated, divorced or widowed (OR = 0.74; 95 % CI = 0.62-0.87 were associated with psychological distress (K-10 ≥28, and older age (OR = 1.30; 95 % CI = 1.00-1.69, lower formal education (OR = 0.55; 95 % CI = 0.42-0.71, poverty (OR = 2.02; 95 % CI = 1.50-2.70 and being HIV positive (OR = 1.44; 95 % CI = 1.19-1.74 were associated with psychological distress (K-10 ≥16. In the final model mental illness co-morbidity (hazardous or harmful alcohol use and non-adherence to anti-TB medication and/or antiretroviral therapy were not

  6. AMEDD Clinical Psychology Short Course Held in Letterman Army Medical Center, San Francisco, California on 5-9 February 1990

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-02-02

    verified a rumor, passed along to him by Gregory Bateson , of an ancient tribal tradition presaging even a logical but radical development in family...Enlisted Soldiers; A Comparison of Profile Types on the 1986 Revision of the California Psychological Inventory Gregory P. Hollis 185 The AMEDD...Psychologist Kenneth D. Rollins and Gregory B. Laskow 201 Survey Results: Important Issues for Army Psychologists vi A. David Mangelsdorff, Gregory Laskow

  7. Clinical psychology of Internet addiction: a review of its conceptualization, prevalence, neuronal processes, and implications for treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Pontes, HM; Kuss, DJ; Griffiths, MD

    2015-01-01

    Halley M Pontes, Daria J Kuss, Mark D Griffiths International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Division, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK Abstract: Research into Internet addiction (IA) has grown rapidly over the last decade. The topic has generated a great deal of debate, particularly in relation to how IA can be defined conceptually as well as the many methodological limitations. The present review aims to further elaborate and clarify issues that are relevant to IA research in ...

  8. Stepped care targeting psychological distress in head and neck and lung cancer patients: a randomized clinical trial

    OpenAIRE

    Krebber Anne-Marie H; Leemans C; de Bree Remco; van Straten Annemieke; Smit Filip; Smit Egbert F; Becker Annemarie; Eeckhout Guus M; Beekman Aartjan TF; Cuijpers Pim; Leeuw Irma M

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Psychological distress is common in cancer survivors. Although there is some evidence on effectiveness of psychosocial care in distressed cancer patients, referral rate is low. Lack of adequate screening instruments in oncology settings and insufficient availability of traditional models of psychosocial care are the main barriers. A stepped care approach has the potential to improve the efficiency of psychosocial care. The aim of the study described herein is to evaluate e...

  9. The Effect of Yoga Nidra on Psychological Problems of Woman with Menstrual Disorders: a Randomized Clinical Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khushbu Rani

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Menstrual disorders are common problems among women in the reproductive age group. Yuga interventions may decrease the physical and psychological problems related to menstrual disorders. The present study was aimed to assess the effect of Yoga Nidra on psychological problems in patients with menstrual disorders. Methods: A total number of 100 women recruited from the department of obstetrics and gynecology and were then randomly allocated into two groups: a intervention received yogic intervention and medication for 6 month, and b control group received no yogic intervention and they only received prescribed medication. Psychological General Well-Being Index (PGWBI and hormonal profile were assessed at the time of before and after six months on both groups. Results: The mean score of anxiety, depression, positive well-being, general health, and vitality scores, as well as hormonal levels, in posttest were significantly different in intervention group as compared with pretest. But there was no significant difference in control group. Conclusion: Yoga Nidra can be a successful therapy to overcome the psychiatric morbidity associated with menstrual irregularities. Therefore, Yogic relaxation training (Yoga Nidra could be prescribed as an adjunct to conventional drug therapy for menstrual dysfunction.

  10. Psicologia Clínica e aprendizagem significativa: relatando uma pesquisa fenomenológica colaborativa Clinical psychology and meaningful learning: report on a participative phenomenological research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shirley Martins de Macêdo

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é resultado de uma experiência de um grupo de estudo em pesquisa fenomenológica em psicologia. O grupo foi formado em abril de 1998 e encerrado em março de 1999, sob a orientação da autora. Em encontros semanais ou quinzenais de duas a três horas eram discutidos textos sobre fenomenologia e a influência desta no saber e na pesquisa em psicologia, com destaque para a área clínica. A pesquisa serviu para possibilitar aos membros aprenderem o método fenomenológico pela vivência do próprio método, além de ter viabilizado um estudo clínico do processo de aprendizagem significativa vivenciado pelos participantes.This article is the result of a study-group experience on phenomenological research upon psychology. Such group was formed in April 1998, and ended in March 1999, being under the author’s guidance during that time. During weekly and bi-weekly meetings of two or three hours time, texts about phenomenology and its influence upon knowledge and in psychology research have been discussed, emphasizing the clinical area. The research served as an opportunity to the group members learn about the phenomenological method through real life experiences, as well as to develop a clinical study on the meaningful learning process.

  11. Psychological intervention of murophobia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asrie Yihun

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Although phobia is more commonly observed during adolescence as compared to adulthood, its specific type of murophobia is uncommon. Especially in a country like Ethiopia, where awareness, orientation to mental health and its psychological treatment is undergoing its infancy on account of several reasons, the neurotic disorders are rarely reported to mental health clinicians. The present study is a case report of a 16-year old adolescent female with murophobia. The case was not registered in any general medical clinic and was sent to our department for further psychological assessment and intervention. The client was comprehensively examined through clinical interview, behavioural analysis and treated by cognitive-behaviour technique of psychological intervention and without the inclusion of psychiatric treatment. Details of the psychological assessment and intervention have been presented in this case report.

  12. Psychological Treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... IBS Pain IBS Global Treatments IBS Diet Low FODMAP Diet Complimentary or Alt Treatments Medications Psychological Treatments ... IBS Pain IBS Global Treatments IBS Diet Low FODMAP Diet Complimentary or Alt Treatments Medications Psychological Treatments ...

  13. Clinical Characteristics and Psychological Intervention of Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder%多动症儿童的临床特点及心理干预

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨惠青

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To analyze the clinical features and effect of psychological intervention on children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Methods:90 cases of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, clinical characteristics of whom were investigated with questionnaire sur-vey, were and randomly divided into group A and group B, both treated with drugs, group B added psychological intervention, effect of the two groups were compared. Results:The clinical features of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder included attention defect, weak impul-sion control, hyperactivity, learning disability, abnormal relationships;PSQ scores of the two groups after intervention were lower than those before intervention, and group B lower than group A (P<0.05). Conclusion:Attention deficit, hyperactivity, learning disability and the like are the clinical characteristics of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, who accepted psychological intervention is effective, being worthy of promo-tion.%目的:分析多动症儿童的临床特点及心理干预对多动症儿童的效果。方法:90例多动症儿童问卷调查其临床特点,随机平分为甲组与乙组,两组均用药物治疗,乙组另予心理干预,比较两组效果。结果:多动症儿童的临床特点为注意缺陷、冲动控制性弱、活动过度、学习困难、人际关系异常;干预后两组患者各项PSQ评分均低于干预前,且乙组低于甲组(P<0.05)。结论:注意缺陷、活动过度、学习困难等是多动症儿童的临床特点,多动症儿童予以心理干预效果确切,值得临床推广。

  14. Positive Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Christopher

    2009-01-01

    Positive psychology is a deliberate correction to the focus of psychology on problems. Positive psychology does not deny the difficulties that people may experience but does suggest that sole attention to disorder leads to an incomplete view of the human condition. Positive psychologists concern themselves with four major topics: (1) positive…

  15. Discursive Psychology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Molder, te H.

    2015-01-01

    Discursive psychology was established in the United Kingdom by the end of the 1980s, mainly in response to the dominant cognitivist approach in social psychology. While it borrowed notions from poststructuralism and sociology of science, it is most akin to conversation analysis. Discursive psycholog

  16. Clinical psychology of Internet addiction: a review of its conceptualization, prevalence, neuronal processes, and implications for treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pontes HM

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Halley M Pontes, Daria J Kuss, Mark D Griffiths International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Division, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK Abstract: Research into Internet addiction (IA has grown rapidly over the last decade. The topic has generated a great deal of debate, particularly in relation to how IA can be defined conceptually as well as the many methodological limitations. The present review aims to further elaborate and clarify issues that are relevant to IA research in a number of areas including: definition and characterization, incidence and prevalence rates, associated neuronal processes, and implications for treatment, prevention, and patient-specific considerations. It is concluded that there is no consensual definition for IA. Prevalence rates among nationally representative samples across several countries vary greatly (from 1% to 18.7%, most likely reflecting the lack of methodological consistency and conceptual rigor of the studies. The overlaps between IA and other more traditional substance-based addictions and the possible neural substrates implicated in IA are also highlighted. In terms of treatment and prevention, both psychological and pharmacological treatments are examined in light of existing evidence alongside particular aspects inherent to the patient perspective. Based on the evidence analyzed, it is concluded that IA may pose a serious health hazard to a minority of people. Keywords: Internet addiction, review, behavioral addictions, prevalence, neuronal processes, treatment

  17. Clinical Psychology and Cardiovascular Disease: An Up-to-Date Clinical Practice Review for Assessment and Treatment of Anxiety and Depression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Compare, Angelo; Germani, Elena; Proietti, Riccardo; Janeway, David

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the present review is underline the association between cardiac diseases and anxiety and depression. In the first part of the article, there is a description of anxiety and depression from the definitions of DSM-IV TR. In the second part, the authors present the available tests and questionnaires to assess depression and anxiety in patients with cardiovascular disease. In the last part of the review different types of interventions are reported and compared; available interventions are pharmacological or psychological treatments. PMID:22016750

  18. Hipnose e psicologia clínica: retomando a história não contada Hypnosis and clinical psychology: bringing back the untold history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurício da Silva Neubern

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo aponta várias relações entre a psicologia clínica e a hipnose, destacando que boa parte destas permaneceram e ainda se encontram pouco conhecidas da grande maioria dos psicólogos clínicos. Por um lado, visa destacar acontecimentos históricos dessa relação que, apesar da pertinência, foram marginalizados e esquecidos, o que remete, sobretudo, às práticas institucionais vigentes neste ramo da psicologia. Ao mesmo tempo, o artigo busca destacar brevemente que a reflexão sobre a hipnose pode levar a psicologia clínica a reformulações epistemológicas, institucionais e práticas da mais alta relevância, principalmente em termos de colocá-la em sintonia com importantes discussões atuais do panorama científico. Por fim, ressalta que, pelas próprias características da hipnose enquanto tema de reflexão e estudo, ela incita radicalmente a uma tomada de rumo na direção da construção de um conhecimento onde seja possível o auto-conhecimento, rompendo com as tradições modernas do pensamento científico.The present article points out various relations between clinic psychology and hypnosis, highlighting that a great part of both has remained well unknown by the great majority of clinic psychologists. On one hand, this article aims at historical outcomes of this relation, which despite having been put aside and forgotten, takes us back to the institutional practices taking place in this field of psychology. On the other hand, it intends to briefly bring about that the reflection over hypnosis might present clinic psychology with epistemological, institutional and practical reforms of the highest relevance, especially in terms of making hypnosis function in sync with important present discussions on the scientific scenery. Finally, this article states that for its own characteristics as a subject of study and reflection, hypnosis radically incites the building up of some knowledge where self-actualization is made

  19. Psychology in Spain: Its Historical and Cultural Roots, Instruction, Research and Future Prospects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montes-Berges, Beatriz; Aranda, Maria; Castillo-Mayen, Maria del Rosario

    2011-01-01

    Roots in Spanish Psychology dated back to Huarte de San Juan (1575). From this period to nowadays, Psychology has notably developed, branching in different areas such as psychology and sports and physical exercise, clinical and health psychology, educational psychology, psychology of social intervention, legal psychology, work and organisational…

  20. Using psychological theory to understand the clinical management of type 2 diabetes in Primary Care: a comparison across two European countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johnston Marie

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Long term management of patients with Type 2 diabetes is well established within Primary Care. However, despite extensive efforts to implement high quality care both service provision and patient health outcomes remain sub-optimal. Several recent studies suggest that psychological theories about individuals' behaviour can provide a valuable framework for understanding generalisable factors underlying health professionals' clinical behaviour. In the context of the team management of chronic disease such as diabetes, however, the application of such models is less well established. The aim of this study was to identify motivational factors underlying health professional teams' clinical management of diabetes using a psychological model of human behaviour. Methods A predictive questionnaire based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB investigated health professionals' (HPs' cognitions (e.g., beliefs, attitudes and intentions about the provision of two aspects of care for patients with diabetes: prescribing statins and inspecting feet. General practitioners and practice nurses in England and the Netherlands completed parallel questionnaires, cross-validated for equivalence in English and Dutch. Behavioural data were practice-level patient-reported rates of foot examination and use of statin medication. Relationships between the cognitive antecedents of behaviour proposed by the TPB and healthcare teams' clinical behaviour were explored using multiple regression. Results In both countries, attitude and subjective norm were important predictors of health professionals' intention to inspect feet (Attitude: beta = .40; Subjective Norm: beta = .28; Adjusted R2 = .34, p 2 = .40, p Conclusion Using the TPB, we identified modifiable factors underlying health professionals' intentions to perform two clinical behaviours, providing a rationale for the development of targeted interventions. However, we did not observe a relationship

  1. An investigation of the clinical use of the house-tree-person projective drawings in the psychological evaluation of child sexual abuse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, L; Farrar, A R; Valle, M; Ghahary, N; Panella, M; DeGraw, D

    2000-05-01

    Identification and evaluation of child sexual abuse is an integral task for clinicians. To aid these processes, it is necessary to have reliable and valid psychological measures. This is an investigation of the clinical validity and use of the House-Tree-Person (HTP) projective drawing, a widely used diagnostic tool, in the assessment of child sexual abuse. HTP drawings were collected archivally from a sample of sexually abused children (n = 47) and a nonabused comparison sample (n = 82). The two samples were grossly matched for gender, ethnicity, age, and socioeconomic status. The protocols were scored using a quantitative scoring system. The data were analyzed using a discriminant function analysis. Group membership could not be predicted based on a total HTP score.

  2. Political and clinical developments in analytical psychology, 1972-2014: subjectivity, equality and diversity-inside and outside the consulting room.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samuels, Andrew

    2014-11-01

    Utilizing Jung's idea of theory as a 'personal confession', the author charts his own development as a theorist, establishing links between his personal history and his ideas. Such links include his relationship with both parents, his sexuality, his cultural heritage, and his fascination with Tricksters and with Hermes. There follows a substantial critical interrogation of what the author discerns as the two main lines of clinical theorizing in contemporary analytical psychotherapy: interpretation of transference-countertransference, and the relational approach. His conclusion is that neither is superior to the other and neither is in fact adequate as a basis for clinical work. The focus then shifts to explore a range of political and social aspects of the clinical project of analytical psychology: economic inequality, diversity within the professional field, and Jung's controversial ideas about Jews and Africans. The author calls for an apology from the 'Jungian community' for remarks about Africans analogous to the apology already issued for remarks about Jews. The paper is dedicated to the author's friend Fred Plaut (1913-2009).

  3. Psychological emergency attendance as a psychological service in educational psychology: limits and possibilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edson do Nascimento Bezerra

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The School Psychology Emergency Practices differs from others School Psychology practices, is more than type of psychology service and should have more institutional visibility. This paper reflects on these references from both the practice of the author and the currently literature in school psychology. To this purpose, we use as reference the concept of Extended Clinic and its relation with Psychology Emergency Service area. We discuss the opportunity of the school psychologist has, among other things, to be able to listen and to welcome spontaneously anyone in the school community seeking for support in case of emergency. In so doing, the author reflects on the condition of psychological emergency service as service and as a type of treatment at school, and school psychology as an area of expertise inserted in this complex environment different of views and perspectives.

  4. Psychological Empowerment

    OpenAIRE

    Flohrer, Nick

    2014-01-01

    Instilling psychological empowerment in employees is one of the most important tasks of modern leadership. Building on quantitative research and the development of a new psychometric scale related to project management this thesis shows: First, individuals' characteristics and their work team environment influence perceptions of access to information and resources – two important antecedents of psychological empowerment. Second, while a project briefing strengthens the link of the psychologic...

  5. Sleep Problems as Consequence, Contributor, and Comorbidity: Introduction to the Special Issue on Sleep, Published in Coordination With Special Issues in Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology and Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beebe, Dean W

    2016-07-01

    Despite long-standing public and scientific interest in the phenomenon of sleep, the current decade has shown tremendous growth in our understanding of the sleep of children who have medical or developmental conditions. To accommodate, promote, and guide that growth, Journal of Pediatric Psychology, Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology, and Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics have published coordinated special issues, encompassing >30 relevant articles. This article introduces the special issue in Journal of Pediatric Psychology, highlighting papers that illustrate how sleep problems are not only commonly comorbid with childhood medical and developmental conditions; they are also likely caused by and contribute to these conditions. In doing so, these coordinated special issues guide clinical care and reveal opportunities for future research.

  6. Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth in Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Clinical Characteristics, Psychological Factors, and Peripheral Cytokines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hua Chu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO has been implicated in the pathogenesis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS. Psychosocial factors and low-grade colonic mucosal immune activation have been suggested to play important roles in the pathophysiology of IBS. In total, 94 patients with IBS and 13 healthy volunteers underwent a 10 g lactulose hydrogen breath test (HBT with concurrent Tc99m scintigraphy. All participants also completed a face-to-face questionnaire survey, including the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Life Event Stress (LES, and general information. Serum tumour necrosis factor-α, interleukin- (IL- 6, IL-8, and IL-10 levels were measured. The 89 enrolled patients with IBS and 13 healthy controls had no differences in baseline characteristics. The prevalence of SIBO in patients with IBS was higher than that in healthy controls (39% versus 8%, resp.; p=0.026. Patients with IBS had higher anxiety, depression, and LES scores, but anxiety, depression, and LES scores were similar between the SIBO-positive and SIBO-negative groups. Psychological disorders were not associated with SIBO in patients with IBS. The serum IL-10 level was significantly lower in SIBO-positive than SIBO-negative patients with IBS.

  7. Psychology, psychologists, and public policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKnight, Katherine M; Sechrest, Lee; McKnight, Patrick E

    2005-01-01

    Evidence-based policy is being encouraged in all areas of public service ( Black 2001 ). Unprecedented federal legislation reflects a faith in science "as a force for improved public policy" ( Feuer et al. 2002 ). The objective of evidence-based policy is to use scientific research to drive decision making. Thus, the link between social science research and public policy seems to be a natural one. The purpose of this chapter is to address how psychological science in general, and clinical psychology in particular, can be of use to public policy makers. We discuss how psychological science can be relevant and applicable to informing policy, and we describe the role clinical scientists might play in generating, disseminating, and implementing that information. We also note distinct limitations on the usefulness of psychological research in driving public policy. We discuss some pitfalls and recommend areas where clinical psychology might best serve public policy.

  8. [Political psychology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Resch, Mária; Bella, Tamás

    2013-04-21

    In Hungary one can mostly find references to the psychological processes of politics in the writings of publicists, public opinion pollsters, philosophers, social psychologists, and political analysts. It would be still important if not only legal scientists focusing on political institutions or sociologist-politologists concentrating on social structures could analyse the psychological aspects of political processes; but one could also do so through the application of the methods of political psychology. The authors review the history of political psychology, its position vis-à-vis other fields of science and the essential interfaces through which this field of science, which is still to be discovered in Hungary, connects to other social sciences. As far as its methodology comprising psycho-biographical analyses, questionnaire-based queries, cognitive mapping of interviews and statements are concerned, it is identical with the psychiatric tools of medical sciences. In the next part of this paper, the focus is shifted to the essence and contents of political psychology. Group dynamics properties, voters' attitudes, leaders' personalities and the behavioural patterns demonstrated by them in different political situations, authoritativeness, games, and charisma are all essential components of political psychology, which mostly analyses psychological-psychiatric processes and also involves medical sciences by relying on cognitive and behavioural sciences. This paper describes political psychology, which is basically part of social sciences, still, being an interdisciplinary science, has several ties to medical sciences through psychological and psychiatric aspects.

  9. Test Reviews: Bracken, B. A., & Howell, K. (2004). "Clinical Assessment of Depression." Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aghakhani, Anoosha; Chan, Eric K.

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the authors review the Clinical Assessment of Depression (CAD), a 50-item self-report measure of depressive symptoms designed for children, adolescents, adults, and elderly adults from 8 to 79 years of age. Purporting to be sensitive to depressive symptomatology across the lifespan, the test items were written to reflect the…

  10. ICU患儿发生心理异常反应的临床表现及应对措施%Clinical Presentation of Abnormal Psychological Reaction of ICU Children and Corresponding Intervention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李颖; 胡凤华; 曲东; 任晓旭; 郭琳瑛; 王贺茹

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate clinical presentation of abnormal psychological reaction of PICU children and corresponding intervention. Methods 146 patients were admitted to PICU from October 2009 to October 2010 (above 1 year of age with more than 3-day hospitalization). We investigated these children' s verbal behavior change in recovery period after quitting depressants and revealed that 25 out of 146 children developed abnormal psychological reaction. We also carried out 6-month followed up with the 10 children after discharge to learn their psychological outcome based on parents' feedback. Analyses were made regarding clinical presentation of abnormal psychological reaction as well as effectiveness of psychological intervention. Result Clinical presentation of abnormal psychological reaction of PICU children include: some mild symptoms,fear, nightmare, insensitivity, unusual obedience, oppositional defiant, aggressive behavior, language regression and even arrhythmia. These conditions might be relieved through psychological intervention by both medical practitioners and parents. Strategies of corresponding intervention include enhanced psychological care, prompt psychological consultation, early transfer to chaperon ward, and even psychological rehabilitation if necessary. Most of the children had recovered through psychological intervention. Conclusion There are a variety of clinical presentations of abnormal psychological reaction. Medical practitioners should raise the awareness of and identify the development of abnormal psychological reaction and provide timely intervention, by which psychological recovery of these children will be improved.%目的 探讨ICU患儿发生心理异常反应的临床表现及应对措施.方法 2009年10月至2010年10月ICU收治146 例患儿(年龄大于1岁,住院超过3天),当患儿进入恢复期,并停止药物镇静后,医务人员观察其语言行为,发现有25例患儿出现心理异常反应.在出院后追踪6个

  11. A clínica psicológica e o público LGBT The psychological clinic and the LGBT public

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lívia Gonsalves Toledo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Tendo como base os estudos recentes sobre as sexualidades e os gêneros e, em especial, os relativos à diversidade sexual, este artigo promove uma discussão ética sobre as vicissitudes da clínica psicológica com a população LGBT (lésbicas, gays, bissexuais, travestis e transexuais. Para tanto, problematizamos a construção sócio-histórica-cultural da homossexualidade e da heterossexualidade, as hierarquias das sexualidades e algumas ações terapêuticas na clínica direcionada ao público não-heterossexual, tendo em vista a Resolução do Conselho Federal de Psicologia nº 1/99 que estabelece normas de atuação para os psicólogos em relação à questão da orientação sexual. Desse modo, matizamos o discurso da clínica usualmente orientada para o trabalho com pessoas heterossexuais, pensando de modo crítico o trabalho desenvolvido com sujeitos que transitam entre a vulnerabilidade e a invisibilidade devido a sua dissidência dos preceitos heteronormativos.Basing on the recent studies about the sexualities and the gender and, specifically, the ones which are related to the sexual diversity, this article promotes an ethic discussion about the vicissitudes in the psychological clinic with LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender population. Considering the Resolution of Federal Council of Psychology nº 1/99, that establishes norms of performance for the psychologists which are related to the subject of the sexual orientation, we developed some discussions regarding the socio-historical construction of the homosexuality and about the heterosexuality, the hierarchies of the sexualities, and the therapeutic actions in the clinic addressed the to no-heterosexual public. Thereby, we diversify about the clinical discourse which is usually regulated by the work with heterosexual people, thinking critically the work is developed with people who are passing trough the vulnerability and invisibility because their unsuitability to the

  12. A Type A and Type D Combined Personality Typology in Essential Hypertension and Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients: Associations with Demographic, Psychological, Clinical, and Lifestyle Indicators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steca, Patrizia; D'Addario, Marco; Magrin, Maria Elena; Miglioretti, Massimo; Monzani, Dario; Pancani, Luca; Sarini, Marcello; Scrignaro, Marta; Vecchio, Luca; Fattirolli, Francesco; Giannattasio, Cristina; Cesana, Francesca; Riccobono, Salvatore Pio; Greco, Andrea

    2016-01-01

    Many studies have focused on Type A and Type D personality types in the context of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), but nothing is known about how these personality types combine to create new profiles. The present study aimed to develop a typology of Type A and Type D personality in two groups of patients affected by and at risk for coronary disease. The study involved 711 patients: 51.6% with acute coronary syndrome, 48.4% with essential hypertension (mean age = 56.4 years; SD = 9.7 years; 70.7% men). Cluster analysis was applied. External variables, such as socio-demographic, psychological, lifestyle, and clinical parameters, were assessed. Six groups, each with its own unique combined personality profile scores, were identified: Type D, Type A-Negatively Affected, Not Type A-Negatively Affected, Socially Inhibited-Positively Affected, Not Socially Inhibited, and Not Type A-Not Type D. The Type A-Negatively Affected cluster and, to a lesser extent, the Type D cluster, displayed the worst profile: namely higher total cardiovascular risk index, physical inactivity, higher anxiety and depression, and lower self-esteem, optimism, and health status. Identifying combined personality profiles is important in clinical research and practice in cardiovascular diseases. Practical implications are discussed.

  13. Psychological behaviorism and behaviorizing psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staats, A W

    1994-01-01

    Paradigmatic or psychological behaviorism (PB), in a four-decade history of development, has been shaped by its goal, the establishment of a behaviorism that can also serve as the approach in psychology (Watson's original goal). In the process, PB has become a new generation of behaviorism with abundant heuristic avenues for development in theory, philosophy, methodology, and research. Psychology has resources, purview and problem areas, and nascent developments of many kinds, gathered in chaotic diversity, needing unification (and other things) that cognitivism cannot provide. Behaviorism can, within PB's multilevel framework for connecting and advancing both psychology and behaviorism.

  14. Psychological experiment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boven, Martijn; Emmanuel, Steven M.; McDonald, William; Stewart, Jon

    2015-01-01

    For Kierkegaard the ‘psychological experiment’ is a literary strategy. It enables him to dramatize an existential conflict in an experimental mode. Kierkegaard’s aim is to study the source of movement that animates the existing individual (this is the psychological part). However, he is not interest

  15. Integrating Best Practices in Positive Behavior Support and Clinical Psychology for a Child with Autism and Anxiety-Related Problem Behavior: A Clinical Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neufeld, Vanessa; Law, Kimberley C. Y.; Lucyshyn, Joseph M.

    2014-01-01

    This clinical case study investigated the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention for a child with autism and anxiety-related problem behavior that integrated components of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) with positive behavior support (PBS). One child with autism and his family participated. The dependent variable was the number of steps…

  16. Os tipos psicológicos na psicologia analítica de Carl Gustav Jung e o inventário de personalidade “Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI”: contribuições para a psicologia educacional, organizacional e clínica/The psychological types in analytical psychology of Carl Gustav Jung and the inventory of personality “Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI”: contributions for the educational, organizational and clinical psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Marcelo Alves Ramos

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available O texto apresenta os princípios da Teoria dos Tipos Psicológicos, a mais conhecida face da Psicologia Analítica do psicólogo e psiquiatra suíço Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961, bem como os fundamentos do Inventário de Personalidade “Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI”, constituído a partir da tipologia junguiana, e que vem sendo cada vez mais utilizado nos campos da Psicologia Educacional, Organizacional e Clínica. The text presents the principles of the Theory of Psychological Types, the most known face of the Analytical Psychology of the Swiss psychologist and psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961, as well as the fundamentals of the Inventory of Personality “Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI”, constituted from the Jungian typology, and which has been more used nowadays by Educational, Organizational and Clinical Psychology.

  17. Relationship between clinical nurse′s psychological capital and caring ability%临床护士心理资本与关爱能力的关系分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱亚芹

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical nurse′s psychological capital and caring ability, and analyze their relationship between them. Methods The psychological capital questionnaire ( PCQ) and caring ability rating form ( CAI ) were used to investigate 268 clinical nurses, and the relationship was analyzed between psychological capital and caring ability. Results The total score of PCQ was (81. 44 ± 14. 13) and total score of CAI was (191. 21 ± 20. 48);the psychological capital was positive correlated with caring ability ( r=0.295-0.438,P< 0. 01). Conclusions The psychological capital and caring ability are low in clinical nurses, so nursing managers should focus on nurse′s psychological capital so as to enhance nurse′s caring ability.%目的:调查临床护士心理资本与关爱能力状况,分析两者的关系。方法采用心理资本问卷( PCQ)和关爱能力评价表( CAI)对268名临床护士进行问卷调查,对护士心理资本与关爱能力的关系进行分析。结果护士PCQ总分为(81.44±14.13)分,CAI总分为(191.21±20.48)分,心理资本与关爱能力呈正相关(r值为0.295~0.438,P<0.01)。结论临床护士心理资本水平和关爱能力较低,护理管理者应关注护士心理资本,采取多种措施提升其心理资本,以便提高其护理关爱能力。

  18. Design and application of a psychological care clinical pathway table for elderly patients%老年患者心理护理路径表的设计与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓媛; 勇琴歌

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the methods and effects of a psychologial care clinical pathway table applied in elderly patients. Methods The psychological care clinical pathway was designed based on the characteristics and psychological needs of elderly patients,and it included 7 steps to guide the nurses to carry out the psychological care. Results All of the nurses (100.00% ) recognized that the clinical pathway of psychological care was helpful for them to carry out psychological care ,96.67% of the patients claimed that nurees became actively concerned about patients'negative emotions,and 100.00% of the patients experienced more psychological supports. The satisfaction of patients to nursing were improved, the differences were statistically significant (P<0.01 or P <0.05). Conclusion Application of the psychological care clinical pathway table can promote the quality of psychological care services in the elderly ward.%目的 探讨老年患者心理护理路径表的应用方法与效果.方法 根据老年内科患者住院特点及心理需求设计开发临床心理护理路径表,分7个步骤指导责任护士开展心理护理.结果 100.00%的护士认为心理护理路径表能够有效帮助护士开展心理护理服务;观察组96.67%的患者认为责任护士能够积极关注自己的情绪变化;100.00%的患者感受到护士的心理支持,因而对护理服务满意度提高,与对照组比较差异具有统计学意义(P<0.01或P<0.05).结论 心理护理路径表有助于提高老年病房心理护理服务质量.

  19. A Clinical-EEG Study of Sleepiness and Psychological Symptoms in Pharmacoresistant Epilepsy Patients Treated with Lacosamide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filippo S. Giorgi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Our aim was to evaluate the EEG and clinical modifications induced by the new antiepileptic drug lacosamide (LCM in patients with epilepsy. We evaluated 10 patients affected by focal pharmacoresistant epilepsy in which LCM (mean 250 mg/day was added to the preexisting antiepileptic therapy, which was left unmodified. Morning waking EEG recording was performed before (t0 and at 6 months (t1 after starting LCM. At t0 and t1, patients were also administered questionnaires evaluating mood, anxiety, sleep, sleepiness, and fatigue (Beck Depression Inventory; State-Trait Anxiety Inventory Y1 and Y2; Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index; Epworth Sleepiness Scale; Fatigue Severity Scale. We performed a quantitative analysis of EEG interictal abnormalities and background EEG power spectrum analysis. LCM as an add-on did not significantly affect anxiety, depression, sleepiness, sleep quality, and fatigue scales. Similarly, adding LCM to preexisting therapy did not modify significantly patient EEGs in terms of absolute power, relative power, mean frequency, and interictal abnormalities occurrence. In conclusion, in this small cohort of patients, we confirmed that LCM as an add-on does not affect subjective parameters which play a role, among others, in therapy tolerability, and our clinical impression was further supported by evaluation of EEG spectral analysis.

  20. IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROJECT «CLINICAL BASES OF INTERNSHIP» WHILE PREPARING STUDENTS WITH A SPECIALTY IN «PSYCHOLOGY AND PEDAGOGY OF PRIMARY EDUCATION»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena G. Gutsu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work is to test new approaches to the students’practice organization in pedagogical universities on the basis of the competence approach.Methods. Diagnosis of formedness competences is carried out on the basis of the analysis of products of activity during the students’ school internship.Results. Teachers’ experience of Nizhny Novgorod State Pedagogical University of K. Minin on implementation of the innovative project «Clinical Bases of Internship » is presented. The authors have created and approved the program of school internship for the students with specialty in «Psychology and Pedagogics of Primary Education» based on the concept of the integrated clinical practice developed in higher education institution. The program involves organizational, reflexive-analytical, active-practical and project blocks. Features of clinical approach to pedagogical education are considered; requirements to school as the base of clinical practice are listed. The main content of student teaching and its role in professional formation of future elementary school teachers is disclosed. Importance of students’ project group and individual activity (the subject has to correspond to interests of employers and real needs of school are emphasized.Scientific novelty. Specifics of integrated clinical internship as a means of formation of professional metacompetences of undergraduate students are presented. The organization of pedagogical internship is reconsidered; theoretically it has to provide fast professionalizing of training, early immersion into a profession that will promote not only to successful formation of flexible pedagogical thinking, but also growth of professional motivation of students – development in them of the positive relation to work of the teacher, interest in communication with children of younger school age, and aspiration to pedagogical research creativity.Practical significance. The research

  1. 结构化临床考试对临床医学生考试心理状况影响探讨%The Effect of Structured Clinical Examination on Psychological Status Examination of Clinical Medical Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑慧宁; 郑桂银; 杨桂君

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To explore the effect of structured clinical examination (OSCE) on psychological status examination of clinical medical students. Method:300 students of 2008 clinical medicine in our college were selected as the research object,they were randomly divided into the experimental group and the control group,150 cases in each group.The relevant clinical ability assessment scheme was formulated.The mental health symptom checklist SCL-90 for the students before the pre-practice,pre-internship OSCE and clinical internship was used for survey.The psychological effect of OSCE of different nationalities, different family backgrounds were discussed for survey.The control group was taken with traditional methods,and the experimental group was taken with structured clinical examination.The students were taken with mental health symptom checklist SCL-90 investigation three months before the exam and during exam.The differences of mental state and different family background before and after the test were compared.Result:The Symptom Checklist (SCL-90) total scores,anxiety and depression scores during the exam in the two group of students were significantly higher than those of before the exam 3 months,and the above scores during the exam in the experimental group were significantly higher than those in the control group,the differences were statistically significant(P<0.05).The SCL-90 scores of rural students before and after examination were significantly higher than those of urban students,the differences were statistically significant(P<0.05). Conclusion:The structured clinical examination can use to assess the medical students in clinical skills objectively.But it can cause varying degrees of anxiety, depression and other psychological problems.Psychological problems of rural students before and after test are significantly higher than urban students.The psychological counseling education should be strengthened before exam.%目的:探讨结构化临床考试(OSCE)

  2. Board certification in psychology: insights from medicine and hospital psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robiner, William N; Dixon, Kim E; Miner, Jacob L; Hong, Barry A

    2012-03-01

    For physicians board certification is an accepted tradition that research suggests improves services and outcomes. In contrast, relatively few psychologists pursue board certification suggesting ambivalence or limited contingencies reinforcing it. The authors report on medical school and hospital-based psychologists' attitudes toward board certification and current certification status. About one-fifth (21.7%) of the sample were certified by the American Board of Professional Psychology, a greater proportion than psychologists generally: Highest rates were seen in neuropsychology (7.5%), clinical psychology (6.4%), clinical child and adolescent psychology (3.2%) and clinical health psychology (2.8%). Few (certification. Half recognized benefits to the profession for psychologists pursuing board certification, yet 70% opposed requiring it for their hospital-based practice. Forces seeking to promote healthcare quality ultimately may increase expectations for board certification. If consumers, employers, hospitals and managed care organizations demand board certification for health professionals, greater numbers of psychologists would likely seek it.

  3. 临床护士心理护理使用频率与工作环境的相关性分析%Analysis on the relationship of psychological care use frequency and work environment in clinical nurses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李重先

    2016-01-01

    Objective To survey the situation of the psychological care frequency and the work envi-ronment,then to study the relationship between both. Methods Author surveyed 200 clinical nurses in questionnaire by using the Clinical Psychology Nursing Scale-Nurse (CNPS-N) and Practice Environme- nt Scale (PES). Results The score of the general psychological care was 3.84 ±0.51,and the professional psychological care was 2.96±0.41. The average score of the work environment was 2.78±0.24. There was a positive relationship between the situation of the psychological nusing frequency and the work environment (P<0.05). Conclusion The related psychological knowledge training should be given by the nursing administrators so as for increasing the psychological care frequency.%目的:调查护士实施心理护理频率及工作环境现状,并研究两者之间的关系。方法采用临床心理护理量表(护士用)(Clinical Psychology Nursing Scale-Nurse,CNPS-N)和中文版护理工作环境量表(Practice Environment Scale,PES)对200名护士进行问卷调查。结果临床护士在工作中使用一般心理护理得分为3.84±0.51,专业心理护理的得分为2.96±0.41。护士工作环境总分平均为2.78±0.24。护士工作环境与心理护理使用频率呈正相关(P<0.05)。结论临床护理管理者应有针对性的加强护士心理护理知识的相关培训,采取措施改善护士工作环境,以提高护士实施心理护理的频率。

  4. Positive psychology: New worlds for old

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    Clinical Psychology has traditionally focused on psychological de ficits and disability. It has rarely privileged clients’ resilience, resourcefulness and capacity for renewal. In the USA Professor Martin Seligman and his colleagues have begun laying the foundations for a positive psychology to complement deficit - based a pproaches (Seligman & Peterson 2004; Snyder & Lopez, 2002). This new branch of psychology is primarily concerned with the scientific study of human strengths and happiness.

  5. Psychological Problems of Patients Should be Paid Attention and Recorded in Clinical Practice%诊疗活动中关注和记录患者的心理问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李国海

    2013-01-01

    Health includes both physical and psychological well-being .However ,in the clinical work of non-psychiatric depart-ments in general hospitals ,few attention has been paid to the psychological problems of patients .The incidence of psychological prob-lems including depressive and anxiety disorders is high but the recognition rate is low in general hospital .The depression and anxiety mood will have a negative effect on the comprehensive recovery of the patients .Therefore ,attention should be paid to the psychologi-cal status of patients in clinical practice and the ability of clinicians to identify depression and anxiety should be improved .It is also suggested that the psychological problems of patients should be recorded in medical records as well .%  健康包括躯体健康和心理健康,但在综合医院非精神专科的临床工作中,对患者心理健康重视不够。综合医院中抑郁、焦虑障碍等心理问题的发生率高而识别率低。抑郁、焦虑情绪会影响患者的全面康复,在临床工作应该关注患者的心理状态,提高焦虑、抑郁的识别能力。在病程记录中应对心理问题进行记录。

  6. A psicologia na saúde: entre a clínica e a política Psychology and health: between the clinic and politics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Belluzzo de Campos Silva

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho visa discutir o lugar da psicologia na saúde na sociedade contemporânea. Partindo das proposições de Canguilhem, para quem a saúde é um valor inerente à vida, definido por uma normatividade biológica, problematiza a relevância da clínica e do sujeito na definição do que é saúde e doença. Por fim, considerando a afirmação do autor de que a saúde é um bem coletivo, estabelece um diálogo deste com Foucault, que demonstra que o cuidado com a saúde da população, a partir de determinado momento histórico, passa a ser uma forma de normalização e de exercício do poder disciplinar.This work aims at an examination of the place of psychology in relation to health practices in contemporary society. Following Canguilhem, for whom health is an inherent value to life and defined as biological normativeness, it questions the relevance of the clinic and of subject in the definition of health and illness. On the other hand, considering Canguilhem´s notion of health as a collective good, it establishes a dialogue with Foucault, to demonstrate that health care, at a determined historical moment, becomes a form of normalization and exercise of disciplinary power.

  7. The causal representation of outpatients with Crohn's disease: is there a link between psychological distress and clinical disease activity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banovic, Ingrid; Gilibert, Daniel; Andronikof, Anne; Jebrane, Ahmed; Ajdukovic, Ivan; Cosnes, Jaques

    2013-01-01

    Zielsetzung: Aufgrund des fluktuierenden Charakters des Morbus Crohn (Crohn’s disease, (CD)) müssen Patienten mit der Veränderlichkeit ihres Gesundheitszustandes zurechtkommen. Die wahrgenommene, persönliche Kontrollierbarkeit ist ein wichtiges Element der Anpassungsfähigkeit an die Herausforderungen des Krankheitsbildes. In dieser Arbeit wird untersucht, ob wahrgenommene Kontrolle als Prädiktor klinischer Aktivität der Krankheit und psychologischer Belastung (Depression, Angst) angesehen werden kann.Methode: Der HADS (Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale), die Kausale Dimensonsskala und der CGI (Clinical Global Impression, Einschätzung der wahrgenommenen Schwere) wurden an 160 CD-Patienten erhoben. Entzündungsindikatoren (CRP), Krankheitsdauer und klinische Aktivität der Krankheit wurden ebenfalls erhoben.Ergebnisse: Insgesamt scheinen die Patienten ihre Krankheit weder als persönlich ausgeprägt kontrollierbar noch unkontrollierbar zu empfinden. Während die psychologische Belastung bei klinisch aktivem Symptombild höher ist, erweist sich die Beziehung zwischen den Variablen als komplex. Das Gefühl persönlicher Kontrolle weist einen Zusammenhang zu der klinischen Aktivität der Krankkheit auf (p=0,0001), wie auch die Wahrnehmung der Stabilität der CD (p<0,0001) und die Globalität des Einflusses der Krankheit auf das Leben (p=0,001). Ungeachtet dessen zeigte sich die wahrgenommene persönliche Kontrolle nicht als prädiktiv für den Aktivitätsstatus der Krankheit. Schließlich zeigte sich ein Zusammenhang psychologischer Belastung mit der Wahrnehmung der Kontrollierbarkeit der Krankheit durch das medizinische Team (p=0,00001) und der Globalität der Krankheitsfolgen für das Leben (p<0,005)Schlussfolgerung: Psychologische Behandlungen sollten diese Dimensionen berücksichtigen, um das Wohlbefinden und die Gesundheit der Patienten zu verbessern.

  8. Analysis of minnesota multiphasic personality inventory among college students in psychological counseling clinic%112名大学生人格测验结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高群; 江景华; 吴希庆; 张李娜; 王伏兰; 田海明

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand the psychological status of college students in psychological counseling clinic, and to find out the deviation degree from the general population. Methods A total of 112 college students who came to the clinic for psychological consultation were surveyed using MMPI and the test data were analyzed statistically. Results The analysis revealed that the raw scores of Hs. D, Hy, Pd. Pt among male college students and scores of Hs, D, Hy, Pd, Mf, Pa, Pt, Sc, Ma among female students were all significantly higher than the norm raw scores in China. The top four high ratio of individuals whose T score was over 60 < Norm) in each clinical scale were Pd, Pt, D and Hy. The two types of coding were found mainly to be in the following types as 27/72 (9.0%), 23/32 (8. 1%), 49/94 (7.2%), 12/2 (6.3%) and 47/74 (5.4%) type. There were significant correlations between Hs, D, Hy, Pd, Pa, Pt, Sc, Ma subscales and prediction of individual dangerous behaviors such as the Dutch act, self-mutilation, aggressive action, alcohol and drug abuse. The highest correlation coefficient was between Pt and self-harm or suicide, Pd and aggressive act or Pd and alcohol and drug abuse. Conclusions It is obvious that some college students have a lot of psychological deviances and disorders, thus a reasonable intervention needs to be applied to improve the mental health condition of college students.%目的 探讨医院心理咨询门诊中大学生群体的心理特征,并了解其偏离一般群体的程度.方法 采用明尼苏达多项人格测验量表(MMPI)对心理咨询门诊中112名大学生进行测查,然后对测查数据进行统计学分析.结果 医院心理咨询门诊中男大学生的Hs(疑病)、D(抑郁)、Hy((瘴)症)、Pd(精神病态)、Pt(精神衰弱)原始分显著高于中国常模原始分(P<0.05);医院心理咨询门诊中女大学生的Hs、D、Hy、Pd、Mf(男-女子气)、Pa(偏执)、Pt、Sc(精神分裂)、Ma(轻躁狂)、Si(社会内向)

  9. The clinical application of psychological assistance to reduce the psychological stress of cancer patients%心理援助缓解癌症患者心理压力效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭洪霞; 千年松; 黄瑛; 穆婷婷; 罗莎莉

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To evaluate the effect of psychological support by establishing pychological assistance sys-tem on reducing the stress levels of cancer patients.Methods:All 43 hospitalized cancer patients who underwent chemotherapy and received the psychological assistance voluntarily were enrolled.Psychological support intervention was provided.Psychological pressure scores were analysed before and after each intervention.Results:The psychologi-cal pressure score(31.442 ±9.898)after the first intervention of the first 43 patients significantly decreased com-pare with the score (44.512 ±3.708)before the intervention(P <0.001).The psychological stress score (26.162 ±4.266)in the 37 patients actively accepting the second psychological intervention notebaly decreased compare with the score(42.270 ±11.690)before the first intervention and the score(30.189 ±7.453)after the first intervention (P <0.001).The psychological stress score(26.364 ±5.178)in the 22 patients taking the initiative to accept the third psychological intervention decreased significantly compare with the score before(41.636 ±10.158)and after (32.091 ±8.479)the first intervention(P <0.001).The psychological stress score(24.444 ±4.613)in the 9 pa-tients taking the initiative to accept the fourth psychological intervention decreased significantly compare with the score before (46.000 ±12.083)and after (34.222 ±7.259)the first intervention(P <0.001).The psychological pressure score(24.444 ±4.613)in the patients who accept four times psychological intervention decreased significantly compare with the score before(46.000 ±12.083)the first intervention,which indicates that continued psychological intervention can effectively reduce psychological stress of cancer patients and improve the quality of life.Conclusion:Psychological aid intervention can make patients get rid of fear to improve compliance.%目的:研究建立癌症患者心理援助系统进行心理支持干预对降低癌症患者心理

  10. 中医心理学的发展及在中医妇科的应用%The Development of TCM Psychology and Its Application in the Gynecology Clinic of TCM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟华玲

    2016-01-01

    目的:深入探讨中医心理学的发展及其作用于妇科的方法和效果é方法以该院2013年11月-2015年11月期间收治的200例妇科患者作为该次研究的对象,采用回顾性分析的方式对所有患者的一般资料进行综合性分析,并对其中医心理学的应用过程进行评价é结果中医妇科临床中的中医心理学问题有较高的发生率,接近半数的患者在心理出现问题时不知道如何解决,超过90%的患者在心理问题出现后不知道如何解决é经中医心理学治疗后,患者的满意度显著高于治疗前,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)é结论规范中医心理学在妇科中的应用对于提高患者的治疗效果具有重要的临床意义,值得广泛应用及推广é%Objective To investigate the development and the effect of TCM Psychology in. abstract objective to explore the development of TCM psychology and its effect on the method and effect of department of gynaecology. Methods In our hos-pital during November 2013 to November 2015 treated 200 cases of gynecologic patients as the research object, adopt way the general data of all patients were retrospectively analyzed, comprehensive analysis and the process of the application of TCM psychology. Results Of TCM gynecology of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in clinical psychology problems had higher incidence, nearly half of the patients don't know how to solve the problems of the psychological, more than 90% of the patients don't know how to solve after psychological problems. After treatment with TCM psychology, significantly higher than before the treatment, the patient's satisfaction (P< 0.05) difference is statistically significant. Conclusion Of psycholo-gy of TCM in the application of department of gynaecology to improve the therapeutic effect of patients has important clini-cal significance, is worth wide application and promotion.

  11. Annotated Bibliography on the Teaching of Psychology: 1997.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, David E.; Schroder, Simone I.

    1998-01-01

    Includes materials on: (1) abnormal and clinical psychology, and personality; (2) career issues; (3) cognition and learning; (4) educational technology; (5) faculty evaluation; (6) graduate education; (7) high school instruction; (8) history of psychology; (9) introductory psychology; (10) perception, and physiological and comparative psychology;…

  12. Application of Structural Equation Modeling in Clinical Psychology%在临床心理学领域运用结构方程模型的思路与步骤

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李旭; Gail; Huon; 等

    2001-01-01

    Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) has become an increasingly used methodological strategy in clinical psychology. The purpose of this paper is to outline a set of procedures for the optimizing use of SEM. The steps involved: (1) clarification of the phenomenon; (2) development of the model; (3)tesing of the model; (4) refinement of the model; and (5) assessment of the model.A research on adolescents' initiation of dieting was applied to illustrate the use of SEM.

  13. 临床护理人员心理授权与总体幸福感相关研究%The correlation between clinical nurses’psychological empowerment and overall sense of happiness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏莉莉

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the influence of the clinical nurses’psychological empowerment on overall senseofhappiness.Methods 240clinicalnurseswerestratifiedrandomsamplingandinvestigatedusingthePsycho-logical empowerment Scale(PES)and General Well-Being Schedule (GWB).Results perception of clinical nurses’ psychological empowerment and overall sense of happiness were over the middle level;One-way ANOVA indicated that there was statistical significance of psychological empowerment for clinical nurses with different ages,working length and well-educated degree (P<0 .0 5 ).Multivariate ANOVA indicated that the main effect of working length and well-educated degree on the clinical nurses’psychological empowerment was significant,the interaction effect was also significant.clinical nurses’psychological empowerment were positively correlated with overall sense of hap-piness (r=0.214-0.518,P<0.05).Conclusion the clinical nurses’psychological empowerment play significantly an effect on overall sense of happiness,The higher the level of psychological empowerment was,the higher the level of overall sense of happiness was.It is necessary to pay attention to creating suitable atmosphere,so as to promote the clinical nurses’psychological empowerment perception.%目的:探讨临床护理人员心理授权状况及对幸福感的影响。方法采用心理授权量表(PES)和总体幸福感量表(GWB)等自评量表对分层随机抽取的240名临床护理人员进行问卷调查。结果临床护理人员心理授权及各个因子的平均分均处于中点以上;单因素方差分析表明不同年龄(F=3.263,P<0.05)、护理工龄(F=6.614,P<0.01)和受教育程度(F=4.807,P<0.05)的临床护理人员心理授权得分有统计学差异;多因素方差分析表明仅有护理工龄(F=5.473,P<0.01)、受教育程度(F=4.665,P<0.05)以及受教育程度与护理工龄(F=3.299,P<0.05)的交互作用有统计学意义;临床护理人员心理授权与总体幸

  14. EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunil Patil

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Education Psychology is one of the most rapidly advancing disciplines which is concerned with the description, explanation and control of the educational processes arising from the interaction between the teacher and learner in the context of a specified or unspecified subject. The concept of educational psycology is changing as a result of the general impact of the disciplines such as sociology, anthropology,economics, political science and so on. The subject matter of educational psychology is also reflecting a diversity of structures and emphases in its connection.

  15. Psychology Experiments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGraw, Ken; Tew, Mark D.; Williams, John E.

    2001-01-01

    A goal of the PsychExperiments project was to reduce the financial burden on psychology departments for hardware/software used in their laboratories. In its third year, the PsychExperiments site now hosts 39 experiments. Over 200 classrooms worldwide have signed up as official site users and there have been nearly 10,000 data sessions conducted.…

  16. Space psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parin, V. V.; Gorbov, F. D.; Kosmolinskiy, F. P.

    1974-01-01

    Psychological selection of astronauts considers mental responses and adaptation to the following space flight stress factors: (1) confinement in a small space; (2) changes in three dimensional orientation; (3) effects of altered gravity and weightlessness; (4) decrease in afferent nerve pulses; (5) a sensation of novelty and danger; and (6) a sense of separation from earth.

  17. Martial arts and psychological health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, J R

    1988-12-01

    The misleading public image of the martial arts masks a rich though esoteric psychological legacy containing informative parallels for contemporary psychotherapeutic concepts and practices. To date, empirical research on the martial arts has lacked sophistication in the questions it has posed and in the methodology adopted to answer them. Whilst not entirely consistent, findings from studies of martial artists' personalities, outlooks and behaviour have generally indicated positive psychological effects of training. Clinical and psychotherapeutic applications are at an exploratory stage but appear promising. As an exemplar the psychological facets of the art of Aikido are discussed, and prospective uses of martial arts principles as systemic or adjunctive therapies are considered.

  18. Influence of Clinical Psychological Counseling on Preventing Postpartum Depression%临床心理疏导与支持对预防产后抑郁的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨家爱

    2015-01-01

    218 puerperae were investigated about the psychological depression.The survey result showed the population characteristics which was prone to postpartum depression.The reason of postpartum depression was discussed.Finally,according to the psychological states of puerpera before and after the delivery, the clinical psychological counseling and strategies to prevent postpartum depression were put forward.The effective means,including the proper postpartum education,harmonious family relationship,efficient psychological counseling,had positive role to alleviate and eliminate the anxiety and depression of puerpera.%选取218例产妇进行心理抑郁调查,得出了易于发生产后抑郁的人群特征。讨论产妇发生产后抑郁的原因,分析产妇分娩前后的心理状态,提出了预防产后抑郁的临床心理疏导与支持策略。正确的产后教育、和谐的家庭及社会支持系统、有效的心理疏导、温馨的互换关系,具有减轻和消除产妇的焦虑和抑郁心情的作用。

  19. School Psychology Research and Scholarship: USA Status, International Explorations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strein, William; Cramer, Katurah; Lawser, Matthew

    2003-01-01

    Addresses questions regarding research in school psychology by coding all of the articles published from 1994-1998 in the main USA school psychology journals and in "School Psychology International." Assessment-related topics and research on clinical/personality issues dominated the USA literature, while clinical/personality and professional…

  20. Experience in the Clinical Application of Psychological Induction Intervention in Children’s Dental Fear%全程心理诱导对儿童窝沟封闭效果的观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马静娴; 阙荣萍

    2013-01-01

      目的:探讨心理诱导在儿童牙科畏惧症患者中临床应用的价值。方法:选择松江区一年级6~7岁儿童,随机分为诱导组和对照组,进行心理学诱导介入。结果:通过心理学诱导,窝沟封闭操作效率有所提高。结论:临床医疗活动中心心理诱导对提高窝沟封闭效率起到一定的作用。%Objective:To discuss the clinical application value of psychological induction in children’s dental fear patient was investigated. Method:6-7-year-old children were selected in Songjiang district.The children had been divided into induction group and control group with the random number table.Then,psychological induction was intervened.Result:Abscission ratio of fissure sealant decreased greatly.Conclusion:It is good to induce children’s dental fear by psychological induction during the process of clinical.

  1. Study on the psychological health status of clinical interns and its influencing factors%临床医学实习生心理健康状况及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程鹏; 朋文佳

    2015-01-01

    目的:通过问卷调查和数据分析探讨临床专业实习生的总体心理状况.方法:采用问卷调查法(包括基本情况调查表和SCL-90量表),对蚌埠医学院临床专业2010年级进入医院实习的学生共457人进行人口学资料的调查和心理健康状况的测试.结果:临床实习生SCL-90各项指标中躯体化、焦虑、恐怖因子的评分均高于全国大学生常模和青年组常模(P0.05).结论:蚌埠医学院临床医学实习生心理健康水平略低于全国青年常模和全国大学生常模;临床实习生的心理健康水平在性别、生源地、家庭结构方面均存在不同.%Objective:To analyze the overall psychological health status of clinical interns by the questionnaire survey and data analysis. Methods:The demographic data and psychological health status of 457 clinical interns from Bengbu Medical College were surveyed using the questionnaire methods ( including the Basic-Data-Company and SCL-90 scale ) . Results:The scores of the somatization,anxiety and phobic factors of SCL-90 in clinical interns were higher than those in national college norm and youth norm (P0. 05). Conclusions:The levels of psychological health status of clinical interns from the second department of clinical medicine of Bengbu Medical College are slightly lower than those in national college norm and national youth norm,and the levels of psychological health status of clinical interns in different gender,origin and family structure are different.

  2. Trajectories of personal control in cancer patients receiving psychological care

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhu, Lei; Schroevers, Maya J.; van der Lee, Marije; Garssen, Bert; Stewart, Roy E.; Sanderman, Robbert; Ranchor, Adelita V.

    2015-01-01

    Objective: This study aimed to (1) identify subgroups of cancer patients with distinct personal control trajectories during psychological care, (2) examine whether socio-demographic, clinical, and psychological care characteristics could distinguish trajectories, and (3) examine differential pattern

  3. Trajectories of personal control in cancer patients receiving psychological care

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhu, Lei; Schroevers, Maya J.; Lee, van der Marije; Garssen, Bert; Stewart, Roy E.; Sanderman, R.; Ranchor, A.V.

    2015-01-01

    Objective This study aimed to (1) identify subgroups of cancer patients with distinct personal control trajectories during psychological care, (2) examine whether socio-demographic, clinical, and psychological care characteristics could distinguish trajectories, and (3) examine differential patterns

  4. Psychology Faculty Perceptions of Abnormal Psychology Textbooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rapport, Zachary

    2011-01-01

    The problem. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the perceptions and opinions of psychology professors regarding the accuracy and inclusiveness of abnormal psychology textbooks. It sought answers from psychology professors to the following questions: (1) What are the expectations of the psychology faculty at a private university of…

  5. The development of counselling psychology in Ireland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connolly, Allison; O'Callaghan, Dermot; O'Brien, Owen; Broderick, John; Long, Catherine; O'Grady, Ian

    2014-03-01

    This paper discusses the distinctive nature of the specialism of counselling psychology and outlines the development of the discipline in Ireland in the context of international developments and its recognition as a professional branch of applied psychology. Today, counselling psychologists are employed in varied clinical and non-clinical settings including health and mental health services (statutory, private and voluntary sector) along with education, forensic, justice, industry and private practices. Counselling psychologist is the primary professional identity of many practising psychologists in Ireland and the Psychological Society of Ireland's Division of Counselling Psychology is the main affiliation of at least 179 members. With its focus on facilitating personal and interpersonal functioning across the life span and its emphasis on the therapeutic process, the specialism continues to bridge the disciplines of psychology, counselling and psychotherapy. In this article, some of the challenges still faced by counselling psychology are explored as it navigates its way through the changing landscape of further development and evolution.

  6. The Parent Psychological Flexibility Questionnaire (PPFQ: Item Reduction and Validation in a Clinical Sample of Swedish Parents of Children with Chronic Pain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camilla Wiwe Lipsker

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available In pediatric chronic pain, research indicates a positive relation between parental psychological flexibility (i.e., the parent’s willingness to experience distress related to the child’s pain in the service of valued behavior and level of functioning in the child. This points to the utility of targeting parental psychological flexibility in pediatric chronic pain. The Parent Psychological Flexibility Questionnaire (PPFQ is currently the only instrument developed for this purpose, and two previous studies have indicated its reliability and validity. The current study sought to validate the Swedish version of the 17-item PPFQ (PPFQ-17 in a sample of parents (n = 263 of children with chronic pain. Factor structure and internal reliability were evaluated by means of principal component analysis (PCA and Cronbach’s alpha. Concurrent criterion validity was examined by hierarchical multiple regression analyses with parental anxiety and depression as outcomes. The PCA supported a three-factor solution with 10 items explaining 69.5% of the total variance. Cronbach’s alpha (0.86 indicated good internal consistency. The 10-item PPFQ (PPFQ-10 further explained a significant amount of variance in anxiety (29%, and depression (35.6%, confirming concurrent validity. In conclusion, results support the reliability and validity of the PPFQ-10, and suggest its usefulness in assessing psychological flexibility in parents of children with chronic pain.

  7. Psychological gender in clinical depression. Preliminary study [Płeć psychologiczna osób z depresją kliniczną. Doniesienia wstępne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Szpitalak, Malwina

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Aim. Psychosocial and social theories of mood disorders indicate that factors connected with women’s gender roles could create a higher risk of depression. The fact that social role is an important factor associated with depressive disorders suggests that not only a biological but also a psychological gender influences the vulnerability to depression. Method. Gender schema theory was applied to investigate a role of femininity in depressive disorders. It was predicted that patients who identify themselves with the traditional feminine gender role will be more depressed than androgynous and undifferentiated patients or individuals with high level of masculinity. Sixty one patients suffering from affective disorder participated in this research. The Polish adaptation of Bem Sex – Role Inventory and Beck Depression Inventory were used to investigate the association between psychological gender and symptoms of depression. Results. The results indicated that there is a significant connection between the type of psychological gender and the level of depression. The highest level of depression was shown by undifferentiated patients, femininity was also found to be associated with a great number of depressive symptoms. These findings also suggest that androgynous individuals and patients with a high level of masculinity tend to be less depressed. Conclusions. Psychological gender is an important factor which interacts to create a higher depression risk in men and women.

  8. Using psychological theory to understand the clinical management of type 2 diabetes in Primary Care: a comparison across two European countries.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hrisos, S.; Eccles, M.P.; Francis, J.J.; Bosch, M.C.; Dijkstra, R.F.; Johnston, M.; Grol, R.P.T.M.; Kaner, E.F.; Steen, I.N.

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Long term management of patients with Type 2 diabetes is well established within Primary Care. However, despite extensive efforts to implement high quality care both service provision and patient health outcomes remain sub-optimal. Several recent studies suggest that psychological theori

  9. Condition and relation analysis of psychological capital and happy enterprising feeling in the clinical nurses%临床护士心理资本与幸福进取感的状况调查及关系分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈静

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To resear chconditions of psychological capital and happy enterprising feeling in the clinical nurses, and understand their relations, in order to afford the counter measures for nursing management. Methods: 239 clinical nurseswere re-searched by PCQ and HEIQ, and the results were statistically analyzed. Results:(1)The total score of PCQ in the clinical nurses was (82.99±11.26), the total score of HEIQ was (94.19±11.52), and they were all average level. (2)Personal correlation analysis showed that there was a positive correlation between psychological capital and happy enterprising feeling (P<0. 01), and the regression analysis showed that each factor of psychological capital turned into the regression equation of happy enterprising feeling, and psycho-logical capital had stronger ability of prediction for happy enterprising feeling. Conclusions:Psychological capital and happy enterpris-ing feeling of the clinical nurses need to be strengthened further. The psychological capital is a predictive factor and influence factor of happy enterprising feeling. Therefore,strengthening the education of psychological capital is conducive to improve happy enterprising feeling, and it has an important effect for improving nursing management.%目的::调查临床护士心理资本与幸福进取感的状况,了解两者之间的关系,为护理管理提供对策。方法:采用护士心理资本问卷(PCQ)和幸福进取者问卷(HEIQ)对239名临床护士进行调查,并对结果进行统计分析。结果:①临床护士的 PCQ 总分为(82.99±11.26)分,HEIQ总分为(94.19±11.52)分,均为中等水平;②Personal相关性分析显示,心理资本与幸福进取感之间存在正相关性(P<0.01),回归分析显示,心理资本各维度均进入对幸福进取感的回归方程,心理资本对幸福进取感有较强的预测能力。结论:临床护士心理资本和幸福进取感需进一步提高,心理资本是幸福进取感的预测因素和影

  10. Clinical Observation on the Cesarean Delivery Woman Implemented with Psychological Intervention%剖宫产孕妇术前心理干预的临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨依慧; 黄娟

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨术前心理干预对孕妇的心理疗效。方法:随机将36例剖宫产孕妇分为心理干预组和对照组。对照组给予常规护理及术前指导;心理干预组在常规护理和术前指导的基础上接受心理干预,干预措施包括健康宣教、心理、家庭及社会支持,以缓解心理反应,帮助建立良好的社会支持系统。同时采用Zung’s焦虑自评量表(SAS)对孕妇进行评定。结果:心理干预组产妇抑郁情绪发生率明显低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01)。结论:剖宫产术前心理干预可明显改善产妇不良心理和降低产妇焦虑情绪的发生率。%Objective:To study the efficacy of preoperative psychological intervention in pregnant women.Method:36 cases of cesarean section were divided into intervention group and controlgroup.The control group was given routine nursing and preoperative instruction;Intervention group accepted the psychological intervention on the basis of care and preoperative instruction.Interventions including health education,psychology,family and social support, helping to ease the psychological response and establish a good social support system.At the same time we adopted Zung’s Self-rating Anxiety Scale(SAS)to assess pregnant women.Result:The depression and anxiety rates of the psychological intervention group were lower than that of the control group obviously.Thus,the difference had statistics significance(P<0.01).Conclusion:The psychological intervention on the puerperal period may obviously improve the pregnant women’s bad psychology and reduce their depression rate.

  11. 做好普通门诊患者的心理护理的临床分析%Clinical analysis of psychological nursing in ordinary outpatients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳艳

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate psychological nursing effect in ordinary outpatients.Methods 176 ordinary outpatients were selected in hospital from October 2015 to December 2015, who were divided into two groups by random number table.88 patients received routine nursing as control group. 88 patients combined with psychological nursing as observation group. Psychological scores and satisfaction were compared between two groups.Results Psychological nursing scores (SAS score, SDS score) after nursing in two groups significantly decreased than before nursing (P<0.05). Psychological nursing scores (SAS score, SDS score) after nursing in observation group were significantly lower than control group (P<0.05). Patient satisfaction in observation group was significantly higher than control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Psychological nursing can improve psychological condition of ordinary patients, which can relieve anxiety and depression. That can be easily accepted by patients.%目的:探讨普通门诊患者的心理护理效果。方法:选取本院2015年6月~2015年8月普通门诊患者176例,采用随机数字表法分为两组,对照组患者88例实施常规护理,观察组患者88例联用心理护理,比较两组患者心理评分及满意度。结果:两组患者护理后心理评分(SAS评分、SDS评分)较护理前显著降低(P<0.05)。观察组患者护理后心理评分(SAS评分、SDS评分)明显低于对照组(P<0.05),患者满意度明显高于对照组(P<0.05)。结论:心理护理可改善普通门诊患者的心理状况,减轻焦虑和抑郁,易为患者所接受。

  12. Analysis of Factors Affecting Psychological Counseling ---Based on 57 Cases of Psychological Counseling Clinical Data%影响心理咨询的因素分析——以心理咨询门诊57例临床资料为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王国钧

    2011-01-01

    Taking 57 cases of psychological counseling clinic data for instance, this paper analyzes styles of asking for treatment, symptoms, treatment methods, counseling effects and other information to explore issues concerning outpatient counseling.%对57例心理咨询门诊案例的就诊方式、目标症状、处理方式、咨询效果等信息进行分析,探讨心理咨询门诊的有关问题。

  13. Psychological IVF

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adrian, Stine Willum

    2015-01-01

    upon Thompson's notion of ontological choreography and Barad's theory of agential realism, extending these concepts to develop the notion of emotional choreography. Finally, this paper aims to contribute to current discussions regarding (new) materialisms within feminist theory, underscoring......’. This theoretical work has three aims. First, it seeks to illustrate how the story of psychological IVF offers a rich range of materializations of emotions. Secondly, this work proposes a feminist materialist conceptualization of emotions that is both non-representational and posthuman. This conceptualization draws...... the conceptual importance of the feminist legacy....

  14. 临床心理护理在儿童孤独症治疗中的作用%Clinical Effect of Psychological Nursing in Treatment of Children with Autism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张虹; 张永梅; 王利红

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical effect of psychological nursing in treatment of children with autism. Method On 33 cases of integration of medical teaching autistic children in the course of treatment, using clinical psychological nursing strategy, intervention time 8 months.Before and after the intervention, separately for children with ABC gauges, PEP rating scale, statistical results and analyses. Results The intervention earlier, following the intervention of 33 cases of children with autism ABC scale score decreased significantly, PEP scale scores have improved significantly. Conclusions In children with autism information, obviously improve their clinical psychological nursing intervention, play an important therapeutic effects.%  目的探讨临床心理护理在儿童孤独症治疗中的作用。方法在对33例孤独症儿童进行医教结合的治疗过程中,运用临床心理护理策略,干预时间8个月。干预前后分别对患儿进行ABC量表、PEP量表评定,并对结果进行统计分析。结果与干预前比较,干预后33例孤独症儿童ABC量表得分有明显下降,PEP量表得分有明显提高。结论在儿童孤独症的治疗中,临床心理护理能明显改善其干预效果,起到重要的治疗效果。

  15. 北京大学临床医学生心理压力现状及对策研究%Investigation on Psychological Stress among Clinical Students in Peking University and Its Countermeasure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐燚; 周庆环; 陈红; 王杉

    2011-01-01

    通过问卷调查的方式,对北京大学人民医院91名临床医学生心理压力现状及产生原因进行调查.结果显示,造成医学生心理压力的重要原因依次为学业课程负担重、择业压力以及医患关系紧张.从人本主义角度出发,应从社会、教育教学管理部门等多个层面入手采取措施,减轻医学生心理压力,培养其形成正确的职业观、择业观和医患观.%By questionnaire survey, we investigate the status of psychological stress among 91 medical students in the Peoples Hospital of Peking University. The result shows, the important reasons that bring about psychological stress to medical students are heavy academic course load, job - hunting pressure and tension between doctors and patients according to priority. Certain counterstrategies must be taken from the humanistic perspective on social, teaching management and other aspects to relieve the clinical students'psychological stress, cultivate their forming of correct concepts of career, job - hunting and doctor - patient relationship.

  16. The relationship between psychological contract and the satisfaction of recruitment commitment among clinical nurses%临床护士心理契约与招聘承诺实现满意度关系的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓丹; 吴世菊; 彭宇阁; 宫健美

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To explore the relationship between psychological contract and the satisfaction of recruitment commitment among clinical nurses, and to propose targeted recruitment programs from the perspective of psychological contract.Methods:Psychological Contract Questionnaire for nurses and Satisfaction of Recruitment Commitment Questionnaire for nurses were used to investigate and the results wereanalyzed by statistical methods.Results: There was a positive relationship (P <0.01)between the developmental and real responsibility of hospital and the satisfaction of recruitment commitment of nurses.Conclusion: The commitment of developmental and real responsibility of hospital should be improved.%目的:了解护士心理契约与护士的招聘承诺实现满意度之间的关系,从心理契约的角度提出针对性的护士招聘方案.方法:采用"护士心理契约调查问卷"及"护士招聘承诺实现满意度调查问卷"对护士进行调查,并对结果进行统计分析.结果:医院的发展责任及现实责任与护士的招聘承诺实现满意度呈正相关(P<0.01).结论:医院在现实责任及发展责任方面作出的承诺有待完善.

  17. Psychological Analysis and Clinical Nursing of Early Threatened Abortion Patients%早期先兆流产患者心理问题分析与临床护理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施剑文

    2015-01-01

    目的观察和评价早期先兆流产患者的心理状况以及给予心理护理后的临床效果。方法选取我院2013年6月~2014年12月收治的早期先兆流产患者78例作为研究对象,随机分为观察组和对照组各39例,对照组只给予常规护理,观察组在此基础上给予心理护理,比较两组患者护理后的心理状况以及保胎的成功率。结果观察组的保胎成功率明显高于对照组,心理状况的改善情况也明显优于对照组,差异均具有统计学意义(<0.05)。结论合理的心理护理干预可以有效改善早期先兆流产患者的心理状况,提高保胎的成功率,应该注重患者心理的护理,增加对患者的关怀,从而提高治疗效果。%Objective Observe and evaluate the psychological status of patients with early threatened abortion and the clinical ef ect of psychological nursing after.Methods In our hospital from 2013 June to 2014 December were 78 cases of early threatened abortion patients as the research object,randomly divided into observation group and control group with 39 cases in each group,the control group were given routine nursing,the observation group received psychological nursing on the basis of this,compare the mental status of 2 groups of patients after nursing and treatment success rate. Results In the observation group,the success rate was significantly higher than the control group,the improvement of mental health is significantly bet er than the control group,the dif erences were statistical y significant ( <0.05).Conclusion Psychological nursing intervention can ef ectively improve the psychological status of patients with early threatened abortion,to improve the success rate of miscar iage, we should pay more at ention to psychological nursing for patients with the increase of patient care,the treatment ef ect and improve the.

  18. Gestalt Therapy: Its Inheritance from Gestalt Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yontef, Gary M.

    When adequately elaborated, the basic method of Gestalt therapy can be traced to the phenomenological field theory of Gestalt psychology. Gestalt therapy differs from Gestalt psychology not because of a difference in philosophy or method, but because of different contexts; the clinical context has different demands than those of basic research.…

  19. Casebook for Providers of Psychological Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Committee on Professional Standards

    1984-01-01

    Discusses three cases involving quality assurance problems in clinical, industrial/organizational, and school psychology. Gives a statement of problem, applicable American Psychological Association policies, an interpretation of policy and principles in light of major questions posed by each case, and educative ramifications. (CMG)

  20. Research and Application of Humane Care and Psychological Care in Clinical Nursing%“人文心理”护理理念在临床护理中的研究与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪学芸

    2012-01-01

      Objective :To discuss application humanistic care and psychological care in clinical nursing.Method:By strengthening the nurses humanistic care and psychological nursing concept of training,changes to the disease as the center,professional nursing concept,into humanistic care and psychological nursing in holistic nursing concept,will penetrate into every detail of the nursing work.Result:Patients nurses care satisfaction was significantly improved,enhancing the overall quality of hospital care services.Conclusion:Humanistic care and psychological nursing improve the nurse-patient relationship,reduce nurse-patient disputes,improve nursing service quality.%  目的:探讨“人文关怀+心理护理”理念在临床护理工作的应用效果。方法:通过加强护士人文关怀及心理护理理念的培训,改变以疾病为中心、专科护理的理念,转变为人文关怀+心理护理的整体护理理念,将理念渗透到护理工作的各个细节中。结果:患者对护理人员的护理服务满意度明显提高,全面提升了医院的护理服务品质。结论:“人文关怀+心理护理”整体理念在临床护理工作应用中,改善了护患关系,减少了护患纠纷,提高了医院护理服务品质。

  1. Virtual Reality in Psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nigel Foreman

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The benefits of using virtual environments (VEs in psychology arise from the fact that movements in virtual space, and accompanying perceptual changes, are treated by the brain in much the same way as those in equivalent real space. The research benefits of using VEs, in areas of psychology such as spatial learning and cognition, include interface flexibility, the reproducibility of virtual experience, and the opportunity for on-line monitoring of performance. Applications of VEs are many and varied, but are especially beneficial where experience can be tailored via augmentation, and where dangerous training situations can be avoided. The use of programmable agents has great future potential in relation to training and interpersonal skill development, also perhaps in clinical diagnosis and therapy. Progress in VE usage in psychological education is limited by cost and availability, though VEs are being used increasingly in classroom and laboratory teaching exercises. Virtual Reality was said to be “an answer waiting for a question”, but questions are being recognized, so that applications of VEs within the behavioural sciences are likely to multiply.

  2. [Foucault's relevance for psychology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pastor, Juan

    2009-11-01

    In this article, we will attempt to address one of the most outstanding and influential thinkers of the past century: Michel Foucault, Philosopher, Psychologist, and above all (university) Professor. Michel Foucault is certainly versatile: Historian (of madness, clinical practice, imprisonment and sexuality), Archaeologist (of knowledge), Analyst (of discourse and power relations), Psychologist (genealogy of subjectivity) and Philosopher (of power and the subject). With this article, we eventually expect to offer some clues to be able to use the work of Michel Foucault for the problematization of Psychology.

  3. Predictive factors for successful clinical outcome 1 year after an intensive combined physical and psychological programme for chronic low back pain

    OpenAIRE

    van Hooff, Miranda L; Spruit, Maarten; O’Dowd, John K.; van Lankveld, Wim; Fairbank, Jeremy C.T.; Van Limbeek, Jacques

    2013-01-01

    Purpose The aim of this longitudinal study is to determine the factors which predict a successful 1-year outcome from an intensive combined physical and psychological (CPP) programme in chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients. Methods A prospective cohort of 524 selected consecutive CLBP patients was followed. Potential predictive factors included demographic characteristics, disability, pain and cognitive behavioural factors as measured at pre-treatment assessment. The primary outcome measure ...

  4. The effectiveness of the “Brainwork Intervention” in reducing sick leave for unemployed workers with psychological problems: design of a controlled clinical trial

    OpenAIRE

    Audhoe, Selwin S.; Nieuwenhuijsen, Karen; Jan L Hoving; Sluiter, Judith K; Frings-Dresen, Monique HW

    2015-01-01

    Background Among the working population, unemployed, temporary agency and expired fixed-term contract workers having psychological problems are a particularly vulnerable group, at risk for sickness absence and prolonged work disability. Studies investigating the effectiveness of return-to-work (RTW) interventions on these workers, who are without an employment contract, are scarce. Therefore, a RTW intervention called ‘Brainwork’ was developed. The objective of this paper is to describe the ‘...

  5. 心理护理对改善心力衰竭患者心功能的效果探讨%Clinical effect of psychological nursing in improving cardiac function in patients with heart failure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁玲

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨心力衰竭患者采用心理护理方式后心功能的改善效果。方法对象为2015年1月-2016年1月我院收治的76例心力衰竭患者,按照患者入院时间分为对照组和研究组,对照组38例,进行常规的治疗和护理,研究组38例,在常规治疗和护理基础上进行心理护理,比较两组患者临床症状的改善情况,对患者护理前后心功能指标进行评估,对比治疗效果。结果研究组住院时间和症状缓解时间均少于对照组(P<0.05),研究组左心室射血分数和脑尿钠肽在护理后优于对照组(P<0.05),且研究组治疗效果94.7%高于对照组73.7%,不良心理状态7.9%低于对照组31.6%(P<0.05),两组相比,差异显著。结论心力衰竭患者采用心理护理方式,使心功能情况明显改善,提高了患者治疗有效率,在临床中值得应用。%Objective To investigate the clinical effect of psychological nursing in improving cardiac function in patients with heart failure. Methods A total of 76 patients with heart failure who were admitted to our hospital from January 2015 to January 2016 were enrolled, and according to the time of admission, they were divided into control group and study group, with 38 patients in each group. The patients in the control group were given routine treatment and nursing, and those in the study group were given psychological nursing in addition to the routine treatment and nursing. The improvement in clinical symptoms was compared between the two groups, the cardiac function parameters were evaluated before and after nursing, and the clinical outcome was compared between the two groups. Results The study group had significantly shorter length of hospital stay and time to remission of symptoms than the control group (P <0.05). After nursing, the study group had significantly better results in left ventricular ejection fraction and brain natriuretic peptide compared

  6. 心理门诊中躯体功能障碍伴心理障碍患者的临床特点及治疗分析%Clinical characteristies and therapeutic anahysis of patients with physical and psychological dysfunction in psycological clinic

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭克锋; 吴义传; 魏建科; 武志耀

    2001-01-01

    目的探讨心理门诊中有明显躯体功能障碍伴心理障碍患者的临床特点及治疗分析。方法在心理门诊患者中选择有明显躯体障碍者进行明尼苏达多项人格调查表(MMPI)检测,根据患者临床表现检测结果找出患者的临床特点及治疗要点。结果病程长、病情重、躯体障碍多而求治于心理门诊的患者经MMPI检测伴发疑病症、抑郁、癔病、精神衰弱者增多。结论有明显躯体功能障碍伴心理障碍的患者应采取躯体、心理双重治疗,可减少不必要的检查治疗费用,减少患者的痛苦及缩短病程。%Objective To explore the clinical characteristics and therapy of outpatients with definite physical and psychological dys- function in the psychological clinic. Method MMPI test was conducted in patients with definite physical disorders. According to clinicalmanifestations and testing results of patients, the clinical characteristics and therapy methods were aquired. Result For patients whohad longercourse of diseases, more serious condition, and physical disorders in psycological clinic, MMPI test indicated that complicated depression, hys-teria, hypochondria and psychathenie were common. Conclusion For patients with significant physical and psychological dysfunction, trentmentfor body and psychology should be couducted, the cost for examinations and therapy would be redeced and patients would experienced lesssufferings and a shorter course of disease.

  7. Polycultural psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Michael W; Chiu, Chi-yue; Liu, Zhi

    2015-01-01

    We review limitations of the traditional paradigm for cultural research and propose an alternative framework, polyculturalism. Polyculturalism assumes that individuals' relationships to cultures are not categorical but rather are partial and plural; it also assumes that cultural traditions are not independent, sui generis lineages but rather are interacting systems. Individuals take influences from multiple cultures and thereby become conduits through which cultures can affect each other. Past literatures on the influence of multiple cultural identities and cultural knowledge legacies can be better understood within a polyculturalist rubric. Likewise, the concept elucidates how cultures are changed by contact with other cultures, enabling richer psychological theories of intercultural influence. Different scientific paradigms about culture imply different ideologies and policies; polyculturalism's implied policy of interculturalism provides a valuable complement to the traditional policy frames of multiculturalism and colorblindness.

  8. Evidence-Based Psychological Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bornstein, Robert F

    2016-11-03

    In recent years there has been increasing emphasis on evidence-based practice in psychology (EBPP), and as is true in most health care professions, the primary focus of EBPP has been on treatment. Comparatively little attention has been devoted to applying the principles of EBPP to psychological assessment, despite the fact that assessment plays a central role in myriad domains of empirical and applied psychology (e.g., research, forensics, behavioral health, risk management, diagnosis and classification in mental health settings, documentation of neuropsychological impairment and recovery, personnel selection and placement in organizational contexts). This article outlines the central elements of evidence-based psychological assessment (EBPA), using the American Psychological Association's tripartite definition of EBPP as integration of the best available research with clinical expertise in the context of patient characteristics, culture, and preferences. After discussing strategies for conceptualizing and operationalizing evidence-based testing and evidence-based assessment, 6 core skills and 3 meta-skills that underlie proficiency in psychological assessment are described. The integration of patient characteristics, culture, and preferences is discussed in terms of the complex interaction of patient and assessor identities and values throughout the assessment process. A preliminary framework for implementing EBPA is offered, and avenues for continued refinement and growth are described.

  9. Clinical observation of psychological intervention for Alzheimer disease dementia early mild depression%心理干预对于阿尔茨海默病痴呆早期轻度抑郁症的疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马忠金; 孟凡莲; 张玉; 张沧霞; 郑艳霞; 邓志云

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨心理干预对于阿尔茨海默病痴呆早期伴有轻度抑郁症的疗效观察。方法把我院于2010年1月至2012年1月神经内科诊治的60例阿尔茨海默病痴呆早期伴有轻度抑郁症的患者分为2组,每组30例。对照组采用常规治疗(一般支持治疗和药物治疗)。治疗组在常规治疗的基础上加用心理干预疗法。6个月后观察2组AD痴呆患者抑郁症治疗疗效。结果采用心理干预治疗组效果明显好于常规治疗组,两组间存在明显的差异,具有统计学意义(0.01<P<0.05)。结论心理干预对于阿尔茨海默病痴呆早期轻度抑郁症患者的疗效显著,从而可提高患者的生存质量,在临床工作中应该加以推广。%Objective To explore clinical observation of psychological intervention for Alzheimer disease de-mentia early mild depression.Methods Sixty patients with Alzheimer disease dementia early mild depression in our hospital from 2011 January to 2012 January in department and internal medicine diagnosis and treatment were divided in-to treatment group and control group with 30 cases in each group.Treatment group adopted conventional therapy and psy-chological intervention, Control group adopted conventional therapy only ( general support therapy and drug treatment) .After treatment about six month, clinical effects were observed and compared.Results The clinical effects of treatment group was better than that of control group, there was significant difference between two groups (0.01Psychological intervention has clinical effects on Alzheimer disease dementia early mild depression, which can improve the life quality of patients, we should be promoted in clinical work.

  10. Ethical Risk in the Nursing and Ethical Principles in the Management of Clinical Psychology Division%临床心理科的护理伦理风险及管理伦理原则

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田贵平; 杨旭东; 邓伟静

    2011-01-01

    在临床心理科的日常工作中,护理人员的安全观念,分级护理制度的缺陷,对陪护家属教育的不足,病房设施中的隐患,患者病情变化的复杂性,药物副作用等都易使护理工作存在风险,应在护理工作中贯彻以人为本、尊重、慎独、公正、知情同意等原则,把护理风险降低到最低程度.%Various factors lead to the ethical risks in the daily nursing in clinical psychology division, including insufficient sense of medical security among nursing staff, imperfect system of grading nursing, lack of education for patients'family members, potential dangers in the ward facilities, the complexities in patients'disease conditions, and the side effects of drugs. Therefore, the ethical principles including people - oriented principle, respect for patients, self- restraining in privacy, justice, and informed consent should be applied in daily nursing in clinical psychology division, in order to minimize nursing risks.

  11. Soul and vigor psychological theory of traditional Chinese medicine and its clinical significance%中医心理学魂魄理论及其临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡霜; 王欣; 杨秋莉

    2012-01-01

    中医心理学魂魄理论是“五脏神明论”的重要组成部分,魂魄理论反映了“神”的不同层次的功能活动及特点,人要保持健康的心理生理活动,魂魄必须在心神的统摄下协调统一,魂魄的失调紊乱会导致心身诸多变化,因此,在临床辨证论治的实践中如果重视魂魄理论的应用,将有效提高临床疗效.%The Hunpo theory in TCM psychology is an important part of the TCM Doctrine of Five Organs of Mentality, Hunpo theory reflects the functional activity and characteristics of the different levels of "Spirit" , to maintain a healthy psychological and physiological activities, Hunpo must be harmonized in the control of the mind. Disorders of Hunpo will cause mind-body many changes. So, we should emphasis on the application of the Hunpo theory in the practice of clinical diagnosis and treatment, to improve the clinical efficacy effectively.

  12. Status of psychological capital of clinical nurses in tertiary hospitals and its influencing factors%三甲医院临床护士心理资本现状及其影响因素的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘卓; 尚文涵; 王兰; 谷洪涛; 李晶

    2016-01-01

    目的:调查临床一线护士心理资本现状,分析影响心理资本的因素,为临床护理管理者提供提高护士心理资本的理论依据。方法采用自行编制的一般情况调查表和心理资本问卷( PCQ)中文修订版,对北京市某三级甲等医院的1095名临床护士进行问卷调查,应用方差分析及多元线性回归探讨护士心理资本的影响因素。结果临床护士心理资本平均得分为(4.15±0.68)分,各维度得分由高到低依次为自我效能(4.26±0.92)分、希望(4.21±0.89)分、韧性(4.20±0.70)分、乐观(3.93±0.61)分;不同职称、编制、工作年限、科室、年龄的护士心理资本得分比较差异有统计学意义(F值分别为8.688,7.028,2.709,3.986,3.852;P<0.01)。多元线性回归显示,职称、科室、年龄是影响护士心理资本的因素。结论护士心理资本处于中等水平以上,护理管理者应重点关注特定年龄群体、儿科、监护室护士的心理资本水平,并采取相关措施提高其心理资本水平。%Objective To investigate the status of nurses′ psychological capital and analyze its influencing factors, to provide theoretical basis for improving nurses′ psychological capital for clinical nursing managers. Methods A total of 1 095 nurses in a Beijing tertiary hospital were investigated by a self-designed questionnaire about general information and psychological capital questionnaire ( PCQ ) of Chinese version. Variance analysis and multiple linear regression were used to explore the influencing factors of nurses′psychological capital.Results The mean score of psychological capital was (4.15±0.68), and the scores of dimensions from high to low were:self-efficacy (4.26±0.92), hope (4.21±0.89), toughness (4.20±0.70) and optimism (3.93±0.61). Multiple regression analysis indicated that the score of psychological capital in nurses with different titles, authorized strength, working time, departments and ages were

  13. Psychology Ethics in Introductory Psychology Textbooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zucchero, Renee' A.

    2011-01-01

    Previous research revealed that introductory psychology textbooks included limited information about psychology ethics. This study reviewed 48 current introductory psychology textbooks for research and other APA ethics content. These textbooks included slightly more total ethics content and were more thorough in their review of research ethics…

  14. 20 CFR 416.1016 - Medical or psychological consultants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... licensed or certified as a psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices; and (2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution accredited by an organization recognized by the...

  15. 20 CFR 404.1616 - Medical or psychological consultants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... licensed or certified as a psychologist at the independent practice level of psychology by the State in which he or she practices; and (2)(i) Possesses a doctorate degree in psychology from a program in clinical psychology of an educational institution accredited by an organization recognized by the...

  16. The State of the Psychology Health Service Provider Workforce

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michalski, Daniel S.; Kohout, Jessica L.

    2011-01-01

    Numerous efforts to describe the health service provider or clinical workforce in psychology have been conducted during the past 30 years. The American Psychological Association (APA) has studied trends in the doctoral education pathway and the resultant effects on the broader psychology workforce. During this period, the creation and growth of…

  17. 综合医院心理门诊青少年心理问题分析%The analysis of adolescents' mental problems of psychological clinic in general hospital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易利人; 周丹; 陈娟婷; 李艳嫦; 钟建新

    2008-01-01

    目的 探讨青少年的心理健康状况及个性特点,为心理治疗和干预提供依据.方法 采用症状自评量表(SCL-90)和艾森克个性问卷(EPQ中国简版)对219名心理门诊就诊青少年进行测评,分为A组(16~20岁)、B组(21~25岁)、C组(26~30岁)进行分析.结果:青少年咨询者SCL-90各因子均数显著高于常模(P<0.01).女性抑郁因子均分显著高于男性(P<0.05).三个年龄组轻度以上心理障碍发生率差异有统计学意义.B组、C组心理障碍发生率高于A组(P<0.01).SCL-90的强迫症状均分与E分量表均分呈负相关,F1~F9各因子均分与P量表呈正相关,与L量表皇负相关.结论 心理门诊青少年心理健康状况明显低于一般人群.21~30岁年龄段很值得关注,应针对不同特点开展心理咨询和心理卫生保健服务.%Objective To investigate the mental health status and related personality type of psychological clinic adoleScent in general hospital and provide data for psychology treatment and intervention.Methods 219 adolescence consulters in 2006 were tested by symptom checklist(SCL-90) and eysenck personality questionnaire(EPQ).The caseswere separatedthree age groups,A group(16~20 years old),B group(21~25 years old),C group(26~30 years old)and disposed by SPSS 13.0.Results All factor scores of SCL-90 in psychological clinic adolescents were higher than those of youth norm in China(P<0.01).The scores of female consulters were significant higher than those of male in depression(P<0.05).The incident rate of mild mental obstacle(factor score>2)in 3 age groups were significant different.The incidence rate of B and C groups were higher A group(P<0.01).The factor scores were positive associated with P in EPQ and negative associated with L in EPQ.The obsession score of SCL-90 was negative associated with E in EPQ.Conclusions The mental health status of psychological clinic adolescents was not as good as norm adolescents

  18. The development of counselling psychology in Ireland

    OpenAIRE

    Connolly, Allison; O'Callaghan, Dermot,; O'Brien, Owen; Broderick, John; Long, Catherine; O'Grady, Ian

    2014-01-01

    This paper discusses the distinctive nature of the specialism of counselling psychology and outlines the development of the discipline in Ireland in the context of international developments and its recognition as a professional branch of applied psychology. Today, counselling psychologists are employed in varied clinical and non-clinical settings including health and mental health services (statutory, private and voluntary sector) along with education, forensic, justice, industry and private...

  19. Psychology of psychology? A theoretization of psychological science through historical and socio-anthropological analysis of Psychology as institution

    OpenAIRE

    Martin Žužek-Kres

    2008-01-01

    The article presents a "new" history of psychology, which is also termed as "psychology of psychology". In some academic communities this unconventional history of psychology represents today an accepted approach to epistemological questions about psychological concepts and it enables an insight into social contextualization of Psychology as an institution. The conclusion presents a referential and institutional context where this psychology of psychology is realized.

  20. 分析心理干预对乳腺癌患者临床效果的影响%Impact Analysis of the Clinical Effects of Psychological Intervention in Breast Cancer Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪传一; 朱应丽

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical effect of strengthening the psychological intervention for breast cancer patients.Methods The selected 50 patients with breast cancer,both in our hospital from May 2013 to May 2014 were treated. At the same time of treatment,strengthen psychological intervention were used.Results Compared with pre-intervention anxiety(52.5±10.4)points,depression(50.3±9.5) points,respectively(32.9±8.4)after the intervention points,(31.3±8.9)points,significantly lower(P<0.05). Quality of life before the intervention(3.12±0.97)points after intervention(5.95±1.32)points,significantly higher(P<0.05). No serious adverse events. Conclusion Strengthen psychological care of breast cancer patients can improve psychological conditions,improve quality of life,with very positive clinical significance.%目的:探讨针对乳腺癌患者加强心理干预的临床效果。方法本次选取乳腺癌患者50例,均为我院2013年5月~2014年5月收治,在治疗的同时,加强心理干预。结果相较干预前焦虑(52.5±10.4)分,抑郁(50.3±9.5)分,干预后分别为(32.9±8.4)分,(31.3±8.9)分,明显降低(P<0.05)。干预前生存质量(3.12±0.97)分,干预后为(5.95±1.32)分,明显升高(P<0.05)。无严重不良事件发生。结论加强乳腺癌患者心理护理,可改善心理状况,提高生存质量,具有非常积极的临床意义。

  1. Individualized assessment and phenomenological psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, C T

    1979-04-01

    Although there is growing openness to tailoring of assessment procedures and reports to the particular client, these efforts typically have been sporadic and incomplete. This article reviews a systematic approach to individualized assessment, one whose practices are referred to as collaborative, contextual, and interventional. Clinical examples of these practices are presented in terms of their grounding in phenomenological psychology. Prior to that, themes such as intentionality, situatedness, dialectics, structuralism, and hermeneutics are introduced briefly. Phenomenological psychology as such is not seen here as necessary for all individualized practices, but it is seen as a critical touchpoint for development of theory and further practices.

  2. [Psychiatry and psychology integrated in somatics is a profit for the clinic. Consultation liaison psychiatry important for the future of healthcare].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wahlström, Lars; Blomdahl-Wetterholm, Margareta

    2015-10-06

    The mental health needs of patients receiving physical health care often remain undiagnosed and untreated, resulting in significant costs to the health care system. However, some countries have recently seen fast progress with the development of consultation liaison psychiatry. In Sweden, this service has developed quite slowly, but a breakthrough may be imminent. There is evidence that providing better support for co-morbid health problems may improve the psychological quality of care and reduce physical health care costs in acute hospitals. Consultation liaison psychiatry fits well with the current trends of value-based health care, personalized care, and an emphasis on networking in care.

  3. 临床护士积极心理品质与专业自我概念的相关性研究%Correlation research of positive psychological quality and professional self-concept of clinical nurses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛俊芝

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解临床护士积极心理品质与专业自我概念状况及两者相关性,为护理管理提供依据。方法采用自制一般情况调查表、积极心理品质量表和护理专业自我概念量表( PSCNI )对1139名临床护士进行问卷调查。结果临床护士积极心理品质量表总分为(174.95±16.68)分,节制维度条目平均得分最高,为(3.76±0.59)分,超越维度平均得分最低,为(2.13±0.41)分;护理专业自我概念量表总分为(91.32±12.76)分,技能维度条目平均得分最高,为(3.65±0.28)分,满意度条目平均得分最低,为(2.46±0.36)分。专业自我概念得分值与积极心理品质得分值呈正相关( r值分别为0.218~0.526,P<0.05);多元回归分析显示,认知维度、情感维度、人际维度、公正维度及超越维度是专业自我概念的主要影响因素。结论临床护士专业自我概念状况不佳,提高护士积极心理品质,有助于增强专业自我概念水平。%Objective To understand the condition of positive psychological quality and professional self-concept of clinical nurses and their correlation , in order to afford the basis for nursing management . Methods Totals of 1 139 clinical nurses were researched using the positive psychological quality scale and professional self-concept scale.Results The total score of the clinical nurses'positive psychological quality scale was (174.95 ±16.68).The average of temperance dimension was the highest of (3.76 ±0.59).The average of beyond the dimension was the lowest of (2.13 ±0.41).The total score of self-concept scale of the nurse professional was (91.32 ±12.76).The average of skills dimension was the highest of (3.65 ±0.28).The average of satisfaction was the lowest of (2.46 ±0.36).There was positive correlation between the score of positive psychological quality and professional self-concept ( r =0

  4. Predictors of Psychology Graduate Student Interest in the Field of Developmental Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viecili, Michelle A.; MacMullin, Jennifer A.; Weiss, Jonathan A.; Lunsky, Yona

    2010-01-01

    This study examined predictors of interest in the future provision of clinical services to people with developmental disabilities by Canadian graduate students in psychology. Utilizing a cross-sectional survey, 458 psychology students from clinical, clinical neuropsychology, and counseling psychology programs from across Canada provided…

  5. Mainstreaming Culture in Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheung, Fanny M.

    2012-01-01

    Despite the "awakening" to the importance of culture in psychology in America, international psychology has remained on the sidelines of psychological science. The author recounts her personal and professional experience in tandem with the stages of development in international/cross-cultural psychology. Based on her research in cross-cultural…

  6. Introduction to Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Lesley

    Designed for community students interested in learning about psychology as a field of study, this module offers group and individual activities to involve the beginning student in research, experimentation and discussion. Unit 1, "What Is Psychology?," includes the use of animals in psychology, ethics, the history of psychology, an…

  7. 临床心理护理岗位胜任能力评价指标体系的构建%Construction of Evaluation Index System for Clinical Psychological Nursing Profession Competency

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周诗雪; 孟凡丽; 李红玉

    2014-01-01

    目的:构建一套全面、客观的临床心理护理岗位胜任能力评价指标体系。方法2013年4-9月,通过查阅文献、半结构式访谈、专家函询调查法( Delphi法),建立心理护理岗位胜任能力评价指标,运用层次分析法( AHP)及专家赋值确定Ⅰ、Ⅲ级指标的权重。结果第1轮、第2轮分别发放专家函询问卷21份和20份,回收问卷均为20份,问卷回收率和有效率分别为95.2%和100.0%。本组函询专家的权威系数( Cr)、各指标协调系数( W)显著性检验均有统计学意义( P<0.05)。构建的临床心理护理岗位胜任能力评价指标体系包含专业知识、专业技术、专业能力、综合素质4项Ⅰ级指标,9项Ⅱ级指标,32项Ⅲ级指标。4项Ⅰ级指标的权重分别是0.276、0.217、0.235和0.212。结论本研究将临床心理护理胜任能力与护理岗位要求紧密结合,构建了心理护理岗位胜任能力评价指标体系,且专家函询的代表性好、可信度高。%Objective To construct a comprehensive, objective evaluation index system for clinical psychological nursing profession competency. Methods From April to September in 2013,evaluation indexes for psychological nursing profes-sion competence was established by literature retrieval,the semi-structured interviews and the Delphi technique,the analytic hierarchy process( AHP)and expert assignment were used to determine weights of first and third grade indicators. Results 21 and 20 experts enquiry questionnaires were distributed in the first round and the second round,respectively,and 20 were re-turned respectively,the valid response rate was 95. 2%,the effective rate was 100. 0%. Significance test for expert Cr and W had statistical significance(P<0. 05). Evaluation index system for clinical psychological nursing profession competency included 4 first grade indicators( professional knowledge,professional technology,professional ability and

  8. [Psychological characteristics of obese patients hospitalized at the obesity unit of the 4th Internal Medicine Clinic of the Medical School Hospital in Prague].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slabá, S; Cepická, B

    1998-01-01

    This study presents the results of a psychological survey carried out in 1995 and 1996 in the Obesity Unit of IVth Department of Internal Medicine, General Faculty Hospital in Prague. There were 86 patients examined. The patients underwent a series of tests and questionnaires--Raven's Progressive Matrices, STAI, Miniscripts, Body Image. No significant differences were found between men and women. On the basis of this screening the general characteristics of obese patients hospitalized in this Unit can be described as follows: average to above average level of mental capacity for the general population, a need to "be strong and have everything under control", a need for recognition from other people, slightly increased level of anxiety. In their perception of their bodies they see themselves as overweight, unattractive and in a poor state of health.

  9. Analysis of hot spots of clinical psychological nursing research based on frequency analysis and co word clustering in recent 5 years%基于词频分析和共词聚类的近5年临床心理护理研究热点分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵娇; 韩世范

    2016-01-01

    [目的]揭示国际临床心理护理研究热点及临床心理护理研究现状,为我国临床心理护理研究提供参考。[方法]选取2011年—2015年PubMed数据库临床心理护理相关文献作为研究对象,利用书目共现分析系统(Bi-comb 2.0软件)对主题词进行词频分析,利用 SPSS 22.0统计软件对主题词进行系统聚类,并用双聚类软件(gCLUTO)进行双聚类分析对系统聚类结果进行调整。[结果]系统聚类得到3组聚类效果较好的主题词,双聚类有3个类团聚类较好,另外1个类团聚类效果较差。通过对高频主题词进行聚类分析,总结出近5年临床心理护理的3个主要研究热点:家庭在临床心理护理过程中越来越重要,精神、心理障碍成为临床心理护理重点关注的问题,肿瘤病人成为临床心理护理需要重点关注的群体。[结论]基于词频分析和共词聚类的近5年临床心理护理研究热点分析有助于了解目前国际临床心理护理研究热点,对我国临床心理护理研究起到一定的借鉴作用。%Objective:In order to provide a reference for clinical psychological nursing research in China,it re-vealed the hot spots of international clinical psychological nursing research and the status quo of clinical psycho-logical nursing research.Methods:The clinical psychological nursing related literatures were selected as the re-search object in PubMed database from 2011 to 2015.The bibliographic co occurrence analysis system (Bicomb 2)was used for frequency analysis of subject words.SPSS 22.0 statistical software was used to cluster the sub-j ect headings,and the double cluster software (gCLUTO)was used to adj ust the clustering results.Results:The systematic clustering had been used to get the 3 groups of subj ect headings with better clustering effect,and the double cluster had 3 better classes,and one poor cluster.Through cluster analysis of high frequency subj ect headings

  10. Clinical significance and value of applying psychological intervention for patients with plastic and aesthetic surgery%在整形美容受术者中应用心理干预的临床意义及价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晶莉; 李冰

    2015-01-01

    Objective discuss mental psychological state of plastic surgery patients and clinical effect of applying psychological intervention during whole process of surgery.Method randomly divide 216 cases plastic surgery patients by odd and even numbers received in No. 211 hospital plastic beauty center into control and experimental group, and control group applied general treatment and nursing for preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative period, and experimental group applied cordial consulting during preoperative period, and music and psychology encourage and support during intraoperative period, and psychological intervention of rehabilitation guidance and regular follow-up for postoperative period. Apply anxiety self rating scale (SAS), depression self rating scale (SDS)and satisfaction degree investigation for both groups before and after operation, and evaluate function of psychological intervention in plastic and aesthetic surgery.Result scores of self rating scale after operation show signiifcant statistical difference comparing with those before operation(P<0.01).Conclusion applying psychological intervention for plastic surgery patients can improve their mental states, promote rehabilitation, improve success rate of operation and patients' satisfaction, reduce medical disputes.%目的 探讨整形美容手术者的心理状态及在受术者全程中应用心理干预的临床效果.方法 对211医院整形美容中心216例整形手术患者按就诊单双号随机分为对照组和试验组,对照组实施一般性术前、术中、术后常规诊疗护理,实验组除给予一般性诊疗护理外,术前进行亲切的问诊咨询,术中使用音乐和心理鼓励支持,术后给予康复指导和定期随访等心理干预.两组手术前后使用并采用焦虑自评量表(SAS)、抑郁自评量表(SDS)及满意度调查,评定心理干预在整形美容求术者中的作用.结果 术后各项自评量表分值与术前相比均存在明显差异(P<0

  11. Historizing epistemology in psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jovanović, Gordana

    2010-12-01

    The conflict between the psychometric methodological framework and the particularities of human experiences reported in psychotherapeutic context led Michael Schwarz to raise the question whether psychology is based on a methodological error. I take this conflict as a heuristic tool for the reconstruction of the early history of psychology, which bears witness to similar epistemological conflicts, though the dominant historiography of psychology has largely forgotten alternative conceptions and their valuable insights into complexities of psychic phenomena. In order to work against the historical amnesia in psychology I suggest to look at cultural-historical contexts which decisively shaped epistemological choices in psychology. Instead of keeping epistemology and history of psychology separate, which nurtures individualism and naturalism in psychology, I argue for historizing epistemology and for historical psychology. From such a historically reflected perspective psychology in contemporary world can be approached more critically.

  12. Clinical Study of Mecobalamin and Kangfuxin Liquid Combined with Psychological Treatment for Burning Mouth Syndrome%甲钴胺与康复新液配合心理治疗灼口综合征临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘奕; 陶江丰; 彭佳美

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical curative effect of mecobalamin and kangfuxin liquid combined with psychological treatment for the patients with burning mouth syndrome( BMS ). Methods 84 cases with BMS from Department of Stomatology of Jiangyin People's Hospital from Mar. 2010 to Mar. 2012 were randomly divided into two groups:the treatment group treated with mecobalamin and kangfuxin liquid and psychotherapy treatment; the control group treated with multivitamin formula. The clinical effects of each group were observed. Results The total effective rate of the treatment group and control group were 85. 7% and 52. 4% respectively. The difference was statistically significant (X2 - 13. 714, P < 0. 01 ). Conclusion Mecobalamin and kangfuxin liquid combined with psychological treatment for the BMS patients is significantly effective, and is worthy to be popularized.%目的 探讨甲钴胺与康复新液配合心理治疗灼口综合征(BMS)的临床疗效.方法 将江阴市人民医院口腔科2010年3月至2012年3月治疗的BMS患者84例,按随机数字表分为治疗组和对照组各42例,治疗组给予甲钴胺片与康复新液配合心理治疗,对照组给予金施尔康片治疗,观察两组的治疗效果.结果 治疗组与对照组的总有效率分别为85.7%、52.4%,两组比较差异有统计学意义(χ2=13.714,P<0.01).结论 甲钴胺与康复新液配合心理治疗BMS疗效显著,值得推广.

  13. Survey of characteristics and influencing factors of the adolescent with anxiety disorders in psychological clinic%心理门诊青少年焦虑症患者的特征及影响因素调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张昌; 王永柏; 李柳; 杨妍; 杨丹

    2015-01-01

    目的::探索心理门诊青少年焦虑症患者的影响因素及其特征。方法:采用自编的一般情况调查表、汉密尔顿焦虑量表、自尊量表、青少年生活事件量表、父母养育方式评价量表、艾森克人格测验,对170名青少年焦虑症患者进行调查。结果:青少年焦虑症患者在年龄、性别等人口学特征均无显著性差异。与汉密尔顿焦虑相关的因素:自尊、健康适应、内向外向和神经质。与躯体焦虑相关的因素:母亲惩罚、严厉、神经质。与精神焦虑相关的因素:自尊、受惩罚、健康适应、其他:母亲过分干涉、过分保护、精神质、内向外向、神经质。结论:自尊、健康适应、内向外向和神经质是青少年焦虑患者的相关因素。%Objective: To explore characteristics and influencing factors of the adolescent with anxiety disorders in psychologi-cal clinic. Methods: 170 cases of the adolescent with anxiety disorders in psychological clinic were investigated with general condition questionnaire, Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA), self-esteem scale (SES), adolescent self-rating life events check List (ASLEC), Egma Minnen av Bardndosna uppforstran (EMBU), and Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ). Results: There were no signifi-cant differences of the adolescent with anxiety disorders in demographic characteristics, such as age, gender, and so on. The related factors of HAMA were: self-esteem, healthy adaptation, introversion and extroversion, and neuroticism. The related factors of somatic anxiety were: mother's punishment, stringency, and neuroticism. The related factors of Psychic anxiety were: self-esteem, punish-ment, and healthy adaptation. The other factors were too much interference and too much protection of the mother, psychoticism, psy-choticism, introversion and extroversion, and neuroticism. Conclusions: Self-esteem, healthy adaptation, extraversion and introver-sion, and neuroticism

  14. Using Positive Psychology with Special Mental Health Populations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohiuddin, Ahmed; Boisvert, Charles M.

    2006-01-01

    In our clinical practice, we have attempted to use a positive psychology approach in working with people with schizophrenia and youths with behavioral disorders. We present three clinical applications that use a positive psychology approach with these populations: group treatment with persons with schizophrenia; individual cognitive stimulation…

  15. A socio-psychological investigation into limitations and incentives concerning reporting a clinically suspect situation aimed at improving early detection of classical swine fever outbreaks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elbers, A R W; Gorgievski-Duijvesteijn, M J; van der Velden, P G; Loeffen, W L A; Zarafshani, K

    2010-04-21

    The aim of this study was to identify limitations and incentives in reporting clinically suspect situations, possibly caused by classical swine fever (CSF), to veterinary authorities with the ultimate aim to facilitate early detection of CSF outbreaks. Focus group sessions were held with policy makers from the veterinary authorities, and representatives of veterinary practitioners and pig farmer unions. Personal interviews with a small group of pig farmers and practitioners were held to check limitations raised and solutions proposed during the focus group sessions. An electronic questionnaire was mailed to pig farmers and practitioners to investigate perceptions and attitudes with respect to clinically suspect situations possibly caused by CSF. After triangulating the responses of veterinary authorities, veterinary practitioners and farmers, six themes emerged across all groups: (1) lack of knowledge on the early signs of CSF; (2) guilt, shame and prejudice; (3) negative opinion on control measures; (4) dissatisfaction with post-reporting procedures; (5) lack of trust in government bodies; (6) uncertainty and lack of transparency of reporting procedures. The following solutions to facilitate early detection of CSF were put forward: (a) development of a clinical decision-support system for vets and farmers, in order to get faster diagnosis and detection of CSF; (b) possibility to submit blood samples directly to the reference laboratory to exclude CSF in a clinical situation with non-specific clinical signs, without isolation of the farm and free of charge for the individual farmer; (c) decrease social and economic consequences of reporting CSF, for example by improving the public opinion on first reports; (d) better schooling of veterinary officers to deal with emotions and insecurity of farmers in the process after reporting; (e) better communication of rules and regulations, where to report, what will happen next; (f) up-to-date website with information and

  16. 某综合性医院临床护士的心理压力分析及对策%Analysis and countermeasure of the psychological pressure of clinical nurses in a general hospital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    窦金霞

    2012-01-01

    [Objective ] To understand the psychological pressure of clinical nurses in a general hospital, and provide evidence for reliving their working pressure, improving their coping ability and physical and mental condition. [ Methods] SCL-90 was adopted to perform questionnaire survey and analysis on nurses from different departments and staff of non - clinical departments. [ Results] Compared with staff of non - clinical departments, nurses of internal medicine department were not significantly different on somati-zation, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety , hostility , phobia, paranoid and psychosis (P > 0.05); interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, paranoia and psychosis of nurses of surgical department were significantly different (P < 0. 05); psychiatric nurses were significantly different on interpersonal sensitivity and paranoid (P<0.05); emergency nurse were significantly different on somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, paranoia and psychosis(P<0.05). [Conclusion] Psychological stressor scale shows psychological health of clinical nurse, especially the emergency nurse, are significantly lower than that of the staff of non - clinical departments. The hospital should improve nurses' work environment, do well in training, create health care and learning environment with good atmosphere, arrange human resource and work shift reasonably to relive their pressure.%目的 了解某综合性医院临床科室护士心理压力情况,为帮助护士缓解工作压力,提高护士对压力的应对能力,改善护士身心状况提供依据.方法 采用症状自评量表(SCL-90)对临床不同科室护士和非临床科室工作人员的心理压力进行问卷调查和分析.结果 与非临床科室的工作人员比较,内科护士在躯体化、强迫症状、人际关系敏感、抑郁、焦虑、敌对、恐怖、偏执和精神病性9个因子

  17. Psychology in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imada, Hiroshi; Tanaka-Matsumi, Junko

    2016-06-01

    The purpose of this article is to provide information about Japan and its psychology in advance of the 31st International Congress of Psychology (ICP), to be held in Yokohama, Japan, in 2016. The article begins with the introduction of the Japanese Psychological Association (JPA), the hosting organization of the ICP 2016, and the Japanese Union of Psychological Associations consisting of 51 associations/societies, of which the JPA is a member. This is followed by a brief description of a history of psychology of Japan, with emphasis on the variation in our approach to psychology in three different periods, that is, the pre- and post-Pacific War periods, and the post-1960 period. Next, the international contributions of Japanese psychology/psychologists are discussed from the point of view of their visibility. Education and training in psychology in Japanese universities is discussed with a final positive remark about the long-awaited enactment of the Accredited Psychologist Law in September, 2015.

  18. A socio-psychological investigation into limitations and incentives concerning reporting a clinically suspect situation aimed at improving early detection of classical swine fever outbreaks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Elbers, A.R.W.; Gorgievski-Duijvesteijn, M.J.; Velden, P.G.; Loeffen, W.L.A.; Zarafshani, K.

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study was to identify limitations and incentives in reporting clinically suspect situations, possibly caused by classical swine fever (CSF), to veterinary authorities with the ultimate aim to facilitate early detection of CSF outbreaks. Focus group sessions were held with policy make

  19. Psychology of Religion

    OpenAIRE

    Ulu, Mustafa

    2014-01-01

    In this chapter of book that entitled Science, Religion and Society: An Encyclopedia of History, Culture, and Controversy has been given important informations about psychology of religion’s historical development as well as pioneer figures’ contributions. In this text some evaluations has been made by categorizing studies in field of psychology of religion. Finally some informations are provided about current status of the psychology of religion and position of the psychology of religion ...

  20. Para uma psicologia clínico-institucional a partir da desnaturalização do sujeito Towards a clinical-institutional psychology through the denaturalization of the self

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana da Escóssia

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available O campo do saber e poder da psicologia clínica, ao incorporar o "princípio da desnaturalização" operado por Foucault, redefine seu objeto e seus dispositivos ético-metodológicos. Trata-se de uma clínica institucional que problematiza a interioridade e a subjetividade instituída. Analítica por excelência a clínica não objetiva um retorno à totalidade. A análise pretende tornar visível a multiplicidade do ser. Visa constituir territórios nômades e múltiplos. Três princípios éticos fundamentam o tornar-se clínico: ser crítico de si mesmo e do si mesmo; revelar sua posição no espaço-tempo; situar seus objetivos, a fragmentação das formas instituídas, singularizando-compondo territórios existenciais, atualizando o pensamento do múltiplo.The field of knowledge/power in clinical psychology, as it embraces Foucault's "principle of denaturalization", redefines not only its subject, but also redefines its ethical and methodological devices. 1 It becomes an institutional clinic which questions the interiority and the institutionalized subjectivity. 2 It is essentially analytical, once the clinic doesn't aim at a return to totality. The analysis intends to make visible the multiplicity of being. 3 It also envisages the constitution of multiple, nomadic territories, where thinking, knowing and acting are disjunctive and indissociable. Three ethical principles are the foundation of the becoming clinical: 1 To be auto-critical and critical of one's self; 2 To take into consideration one's own spatial-time condition; 3 To lay out one's objectives: fragmentation of institutionalized forms, singularizing/composing existential territories, actualizing the thought of the multiple.

  1. Psychology and Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lester, David

    1987-01-01

    Psychology and literature focus on human behavior. There are several points where the interests of psychologists and literary scholars converge. This convergence is evident in the use of literature to test psychological theories and to understand human behavior in historical times, in the psychological analyses of literature, and in psychological…

  2. Humanistic Psychology: How Realistic?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riebel, Linda

    1982-01-01

    Overviews themes relating to humanistic psychology. Discusses the tendency of theorists to unconsciously externalize their own psyches. Examines the historical context of humanistic psychology. Discusses humanistic psychology's contribution to understanding the less healthy person. Provides instances of unrealistic thinking by humanistic…

  3. Psychology in India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sushma, B.; Padmaja, G.

    2011-01-01

    Psychology forms the basis of every human activity. The scope of psychology is increasingly widening in various economic, political, social, cultural and technological aspects. Though the application of psychology is extending to various aspects of life, it needs to be indigenised to address the dynamic needs in the various socio-economic contexts…

  4. Intro through Internet Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webster, Sandra K.; Kelliher, Thomas P.

    Psychology and computer science were clustered into a course in "Internet Psychology" with the goal of enabling students to use electronic networks responsibly and creatively and to understand the principles of psychology as they operate in the electronic context. Fourteen students from a variety of majors registered for the class.…

  5. The Healthy Aging Brain Care (HABC Monitor: validation of the Patient Self-Report Version of the clinical tool designed to measure and monitor cognitive, functional, and psychological health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monahan PO

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Patrick O Monahan,1 Catherine A Alder,2–4 Babar A Khan,1–3 Timothy Stump,1 Malaz A Boustani1–4 1Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA; 2Indiana University Center for Aging Research, Indianapolis, IN, USA; 3Regenstrief Institute Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA; 4Eskenazi Health, Indianapolis, IN, USA Background: Primary care providers need an inexpensive, simple, user-friendly, easily standardized, sensitive to change, and widely available multidomain instrument to measure the cognitive, functional, and psychological symptoms of patients suffering from multiple chronic conditions. We previously validated the Caregiver Report Version of the Healthy Aging Brain Care Monitor (HABC Monitor for measuring and monitoring the severity of symptoms through caregiver reports. The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Patient Self-Report Version of the HABC Monitor (Self-Report HABC Monitor.Design: Cross-sectional study.Setting: Primary care clinics affiliated with a safety net urban health care system in Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.Subjects: A total of 291 subjects aged ≥65 years with a mean age of 72.7 (standard deviation 6.2 years, 76% female, and 56% African Americans.Analysis: Psychometric validity and reliability of the Self-Report HABC Monitor.Results: Among 291 patients analyzed, the Self-Report HABC Monitor demonstrated excellent fit for the confirmatory factor analysis model (root mean square error of approximation =0.030, comparative fit index =0.974, weighted root mean square residual =0.837 and good internal consistency (0.78–0.92. Adequate convergent–divergent validity (differences between the Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status test-based cognitive function impairment versus nonimpairment groups was demonstrated only when patients were removed from analysis if they had both cognitive function test impairment and suspiciously perfect self-report HABC Monitor cognitive floor

  6. Nursing Clinical Effect of Suggestive Immunological Liver Disease Patients with Psychological%暗示性心理护理对自身免疫学肝病患者的临床效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁雪梅; 王霞; 张友琼

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To explore the implied the clinical effect of psychological nursing in patients with autoimmune liver disease.Methods:From January 2011 to December 2013 our hospital where the 60 cases of clinically diagnosed autoimmune liver disease,divided into research group and the control group,30 cases each.Control group using conventional drug therapy and nursing,the team on the basis of the use of psychological nursing,implicit analysis comparison research group and the control group of anxiety in the patients with ease and patient satisfaction survey results.Results:The team level of anxiety in the patients with anxiety levels significantly lower than the control group patients,compared two groups statistically significant difference (P63.3%),compared two groups statistically significant difference (P<0.05).Conclusion:Research shows that the application of psychological care implicit effectively reduce the anxiety of patients with autoimmune liver disease,and gained extensive praise of patients,greatly improving the patients' satisfaction,which proves the importance of psychological nursing,implicit to autoimmune liver disease has played a great positive effect.%目的:探讨暗示性心理护理对自身免疫性肝病患者的临床效果。方法:选取2010年1月~2013年12月入我院就诊的60例经临床确诊的自身免疫性肝病患者,分为研究组和对照组,各30例。对照组采用常规药物治疗和护理,研究组在此基础上运用暗示性心理护理,分析比较研究组和对照组患者的焦虑减轻程度以及患者满意度调查结果。结果:研究组患者的焦虑程度明显低于对照组患者焦虑程度,两组相比较差别具有统计学意义(P<0.05);研究组患者的满意率明显高于对照组(96.7%>63.3%),两组相比较差别具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:研究表明,应用暗示性心理护理有效地缓解了自身免疫性肝病患者的焦虑状况

  7. Clinical hypnosis for palliative care in severe chronic diseases: a review and the procedures for relieving physical, psychological and spiritual symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brugnoli, Maria Paola

    2016-10-01

    Hypnotic treatment in severe chronic diseases, for pain and symptoms relief, has proven efficacy as adjuvant therapy, and should be offered to any individual, who expresses an interest in this method. While some theorize hypnotizability as a changing attribute of the individual, there is a growing body of literature that indicates hypnotizability may be characterized as a constellation of potentially modifiable attitudes and skills, which are strongly influenced by related factors, as suffering, in severe chronic diseases. In this article, I briefly review representative studies recognizing how clinical hypnosis in medicine is an effective complementary therapy, for pain and symptom's relief in severe chronic diseases and in palliative care. This paper highlights: (I) a scientific review to underline how clinical hypnosis has an important impact on the treatment goals and integration in relieving pain and symptoms; (II) the advanced techniques for effectively relieving pain and symptoms.

  8. 心理诱导在儿童牙科畏惧症中的临床应用%Clinical application of psychological induction in dental fear of children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨鸿颖

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the clinical application effect of psychological induction in dental fear of children.Methods:360 cases of children with dental fear were as the research object and divided into the control group and the observation group randomly,with 180 cases in each group.Patients in the control group were given routine dental care,while patients in the observation group were given psychological induction based on the routine dental care.The incidence of dental fear between groups was compared.Results:The incidence of dental fear in the observation group in newly diagnosed and further consultation were 75.0% and 68.3% ,which were significantly lower than those in the control group,and the differences were statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion:Psychological induction could reduce the incidence and severity of dental fear and improve the treatment compliance and treatment effect in patient.%目的:探讨心理诱导在儿童牙科畏惧症中的临床应用效果。方法:收治牙科畏惧症患儿360例作为研究对象,随机分为对照组和观察组,每组180例。对照组给予牙科常规性护理,观察组在常规护理基础上给予心理诱导,比较两组牙科恐惧症的发生率。结果:观察组初诊和复诊时牙科恐惧症发生率分别为75.0%和68.3%,显著低于对照组,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:心理诱导可降低儿童牙科恐惧症的发病率及发病程度,提高患者治疗依从性和治疗效率。

  9. 声治疗结合心理咨询治疗慢性耳鸣%A Clinical Study of Sound Therapy and Psychological Counseling for Chronic Tinnitus Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许轶; 王铭歆; 任飞; 周慧芳

    2015-01-01

    目的:分析声治疗结合心理咨询对慢性耳鸣的疗效。方法通过声治疗结合心理咨询治疗232例慢性耳鸣患者,其中,重度耳鸣178例(76.72%,178/232),轻度耳鸣54例(29.28%,54/232),疗程为12个月,于治疗前、治疗3、6、12个月后分别填写耳鸣评价量表,评估治疗效果。结果治疗后患者耳鸣症状明显改善,疗程结束后重度耳鸣患者为36例(15.52%,36/232),较治疗前的例数明显减少(P <0.01);治疗6个月后,总有效率为79.31%(184/232),治疗12个月后总有效率为86.21%(200/232)。结论声治疗结合心理咨询是治疗慢性耳鸣的有效方法,疗效稳定持久。%Objective To investigate the clinical effects of sound therapy and psychological counseling on chronic tinnitus .Methods Two hundred and thirty - two cases of chronic tinnitus patients were treated with sound therapy and psychological counseling in this study .The time course of treatment was 12 months .Tinnitus Evalua‐tion Questionnaire(TEQ) was filled out before sound therapy ,3 ,6 and 12 months after the therapy to evaluate the effects .Results After the therapy ,the patients had a significant improvement in tinnitus symptoms .Before the therapy ,178 patients had severe tinnitus ,while after the therapy ,this number decreased obviously .In the end of treatment there were only 36 cases ,with severe tinnitus(15 .52% ) .After the 6 months treatment ,the effective rate was 79 .31% ,after 12 months the effective rate was 86 .21% .Conclusion Sound therapy and psychological counse‐ling are effective treatments for chronic tinnitus ,and the effects are stable and durable .

  10. Evaluation on implementing postgraduate psychological mentor scheme in clinical hospitals of ;colleges and universities%某高校临床医院实施研究生心理顾问计划的效果评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春鸣; 徐勤毅; 陈佩; 戴慧莉; 陈颖敏; 费辛; 王青; 孔宪明

    2013-01-01

    Objective To analyze the psychological condition of postgraduates in clinical hos-pitals of colleges and universities before and after the implementation of psychological mentor scheme so as to evaluate the effect. Methods Quantitative questionnaire (SCL-90 scale) and qualitative fo-cus interview were used to compare psychological condition of postgraduates. Totally 182 copies of questionnaires were sent to two hospitals (A and B) respectively. Then, psychological mentor scheme was carried out in A hospital. Afterwards, 206 and 140 copies of questionnaires were sent again to the hospitals respectively to compare the results. Eight student psychological consultants, 12 postgraduates and 5 postgraduate management staff were enrolled in qualitative focus interview. Excell2003 software was adopted to establish the database and SPSS 11.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Descrip-tive analysis, frequency analysis, t test, chi-square test and variance analysis were adopted for data analysis. P<0.05 signifies for statistically significant difference. Results Mental health status of both groups was better than the national level before the implementation (total SCL score: A hospital=118 . 08 ±36.20; B hospital =100.33 ±22.90). However, SCL-90 score of A hospital was decreased (total SCL score: 102.58 ±25.23) and that of B hospital (total SCL score:134.01 ±38.92) was in-creased (part of items higher than the adult national norm) at one year after conducting psychological mentor scheme. Conclusions Psychological mentor scheme can effectively relieve stress and interper-sonal stress so as to reduce the general psychological problems and can help to improve mental health of the students.%目的对比分析某高校临床医院实施研究生心理顾问计划前后研究生的心理情况,评估该计划的实施效果。方法采用定量研究中的问卷调查(SCL-90量表)和定性研究中的小组焦点访谈相结合的方法,定量研究在A、B

  11. Usefulness of the Reliable Change Index for psychology and psychiatry in clinical practice: a case report of cognitive-behavioral therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danielle de Souza Costa

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The reliable change index (RCI is a simple statistical computation which estimate if changes in two psychometric measures are probably due to measurement error or can be accounted by other factor, as a clinical intervention. Despite its clinical usefulness, the method is underutilized by psychiatrists and psychologists. We consider the use of the RCI in clinical practice by a case report of cognitive-behavioral therapy. Method: a female patient of 40 years old sought cognitive-behavioral therapy due to symptoms of depression. We structured the intervention in 16 sessions and used Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II for the assessment of depressive symptoms and answered in each session. Using published data about the BDI-II reliability and its standard deviation, we calculated the RCI before and after the intervention. Results and conclusions: The patient started the treatment with moderate to severe symptoms of depression and showed almost a linear decrease of the symptoms along the sections. Although no reliable change could be associated with the first month of treatment, starting at the second month, we documented a reliable decrease in the depressive symptoms from session 4 to 16. The RCI index it’s a useful method to assess if changes in psychometric measures may represent real change or occur by measurement error.

  12. Clinical observation of physiological and psychological reactions to electric stimulation of the amygdaloid nucleus and the nucleus accumbens in heroin addicts after detoxification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FANG Jun; GU Jian-wen; YANG Wen-tao; QIN Xue-ying; HU Yong-hua

    2012-01-01

    Background Stereotactic surgery has been used to treat heroin abstinence in China since 2000 by ablating the amygdaloid nucleus (AMY) and the nucleus accumbens (NAc),which also provides opportunity to identify the relationship between these nuclei and addiction.Our study aimed to explore the physiological and psychological effects of electrically stimulating the AMY and the NAc in herein addicts after detoxification by observing changes of heart rate,arterial pressure and occurrence of euphoria similar to heroin induced euphoria.Methods A total of 70 heroin addicts after detoxification were recruited,and 61 of them were eligible to be given stereotactic surgery for heroin abstinence.The operation was carried out after determining the coordinates of all target nucleuses,and stimulation was performed at the AMY and the NAc solely or jointly.Heart rate,arterial pressure and occurrence of euphoria similar to heroin induced euphoria were recorded and analyzed.Results The average heat rate was (66±10) beats/min before electric stimulation,and significantly increased to (84±14) beats/min during stimulation,and changed to (73±12) beats/min 10 minutes after stimulation.There was a significant elevation of the average arterial pressure from 83 mmHg before stimulation to 98 mmHg during the stimulation,and it then decreased to 90 mmHg after stimulation.Forty-three of the 61 patients showed intense euphoria similar to heroin induced euphoria.The largest number (118/186) of euphoric responses occurred when the AMY and the NAc were stimulated at the same time.Odds ratio was 5.4 (95% CI: 2.4-11.9,P <0.0001) to quantify the association.Results from a Logistic regression model showed a positive correlation between unilateral stimulation of either the AMY or NAC and induction of euphoria (OR >1 ),especially when the left AMY or left NAc was stimulated (P <0.05).Conclusions Our data are consistent with existing results that the AMY and the NAc are related to addiction

  13. Evidence based psychological intervention for the analysis of the clinical effect of cesarean section patients%循证心理干预用于剖宫产患者的临床效果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘玲梅

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical effect of evidence-based psychological intervention in patients with cesarean section application. Methods 2012 October to 2013 October were treated in our hospital obstetrics patients with cesarean section in 136 cases, as the object of study. All patients in our hospital underwent caesarean operation, postoperative patients and infant life good signs. Randomly divided into intervention group and control group, 68 case each group of patients. The intervention group during pre-operation period for evidence-based psychological nursing intervention, the control group during operation period for routine clinical grade nursing. Intraoperative statistics were physiological index, to evaluate the total efficiency of postoperative. Results the patients in the intervention group in blood pressure, heart rate, blood has the advantage of significantly compared with the control group, P<0.05, with statistical significance;the intervention group after the total efficiency is significantly higher than that in the control group, P<0.05, with statistical significance. Conclusion The pre operation period of cesarean section patients evidence-based psychological nursing can significantly reduce the adverse reaction of patients, reduce the postoperative complications, eliminate the negative mood of patients, has clinical value.%目的:探讨剖宫产患者应用循证心理干预的临床效果。方法筛选2012年10月-2013年10月我院产科收治的剖宫产患者136例作为研究对象,所有患者在我院产科行剖宫手术,术后患者及婴儿生命体征良好。随机将其分成干预组和对照组,每组患者68例,干预组围术期行循证心理护理干预,对照组围术期行临床常规2级护理。术中统计患者生理指标,术后进行总有效率的评价。结果干预组患者术中血压、心率、出血较对照组明显具有优势,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);干预组术后的总

  14. 实习护生临床实践的心理健康状况调查分析%Analysis on Psychological Health Conditions Investigation of Nursing Students in Clinical Practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李莉; 颜萍; 潘蓉; 董正惠

    2016-01-01

    为探讨实习护生临床实践2周后的心理健康状况,文章对实习护生在临床实践2周后进行了一般资料及SCL-90量表问卷调查。结果显示:实习护生SCL-90各因子分均高于中国常模,均有统计学差异(p<0.05)。说明实习护生在临床实习过程中应注重心理调适,提高护生的实习效果及工作成就认同感,为成为一名合格护士做好积极的心理准备。%In order to study the nursing students’ mental health status in two-week clinical practice, the paper uses questionnaire of SCL-90 scale to investigate the nursing students in two-week clinical practice. The results show that the nursing students get scores higher than the norm in China, and the significant statistical difference exists (p<0.05). The paper makes the following conclusions:in the process of clinical practice nursing students should pay attention to psychological adjustment, improve the effect of nursing students internship and working achievement identity so as to make preparations for becoming a qualified nurse.

  15. Enhancing placebo effects: insights from social psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sliwinski, Jim; Elkins, Gary R

    2013-01-01

    Placebo effects are widely recognized as having a potent impact upon treatment outcomes in both medical and psychological interventions, including hypnosis. In research utilizing randomized clinical trials, there is usually an effort to minimize or control placebo effects. However, in clinical practice there may be significant benefits in enhancing placebo effects. Prior research from the field of social psychology has identified three factors that may enhance placebo effects, namely: priming, client perceptions, and the theory of planned behavior. These factors are reviewed and illustrated via a case example. The consideration of social-psychological factors to enhance positive expectancies and beliefs has implications for clinical practice as well as future research into hypnotic interventions.

  16. Práticas da psicologia clínica em face do sofrimento psíquico causado pelo desemprego contemporâneo Prácticas de psicologia clinica frente al sufrimiento psíquico causado por el desempleo contemporáneo Psychology clinical practices towards psychological suffering caused by contemporary unemployment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Abs

    2010-06-01

    desempleo. Los enunciados destacaron la falta de operadores clínicos para lidar con ese fenómeno. Ese estudio concluyó que el desempleo es una temática de la Clínica Psicológica contemporánea, y que hay una necesidad de producirse operadores que den cuenta, en la clínica, de fenómenos contemporáneos que están emergiendo, como el desempleo, y que más estudios son necesarios acercándose a esta temática.This paper aims at understanding the practices of Clinical Psychology towards psychological suffering caused by contemporary unemployment. To this end, eight psychologists from Porto Alegre outskirts were interviewed. They were asked about their understanding of issues regarding work and unemployment and consequences to patients' subjectivity, intervention practices they used and the relationship of these interventions to theories and possible contributions of psychology towards the phenomenon under scrutiny. Content analysis was used to study the data collected during the interviews.Psychologists' utterances have been divided in four groups based on the following categories: work, unemployment, interventions towards unemployment and psychology's contributions to unemployment. The author concludes that clinical psychology needs to prepare professionals who are able to deal, in their clinical practices, with ever emerging contemporary phenomena such as unemployment. It is also highlighted that more investigations on this area of study are necessary.

  17. Psychological impact analysis of clinical application of Doula accompany delivery%临床应用导乐分娩对产妇心理的影响分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高冬亚

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨临床应用导乐分娩对产妇心理的影响。方法从2010年1月~2013年3月于本院分娩的产妇中选择160例,按分娩方式不同分为两组,各80例,其中研究组80例产妇采用导乐分娩,对照组80例产妇采用常规分娩,采用WHO疼痛标准评价两组产妇产时疼痛情况,并发放调查问卷调查两组产妇心理状况。结果研究组产妇心理状况稳定,产妇担心、焦虑、恐惧发生率明显低于对照组,差异有统计学意义;观察组产时疼痛情况明显优于对照组,两组比较差异有统计学意义。两组总产程、产后出血、胎儿窘迫及剖宫产率比较,差异均有统计学意义。结论导乐分娩可有效缓解产妇分娩时心理压力,利于产程顺利进展,是一种积极健康的分娩模式,值得应用。%Objective To investigate the psychological impact of clinical application of Doula accompany delivery. Methods 160 cases of delivery puerpera from January 2010 to March 2013 in our hospital were randomly divided into two groups,each of 80 cases,study group were givern doula accompany delivery,and control group were given conventional delivery,the WHO criteria were used to evaluate pain pain conditions during delivery,and the questionnaire surveys were used to evaluate maternal psychological status. Results The maternal psychological condition of study group was stable,maternal worry,anxiety,fear incidence was significantly lower than the control group,the difference was statistically significant;intrapartum pain of observation group were better than the control group,the difference was statistically significant.The total labor,postpartum hemorrhage,fetal distress and cesarean section rate of two groups compared,the difference was statistically significant. Conclusion Doula accompany delivery can effectively alleviate the psychological pressure of women during delivery,which will help for labor stages progress,is a positive

  18. NeuroVR 1.5 - a free virtual reality platform for the assessment and treatment in clinical psychology and neuroscience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riva, Giuseppe; Carelli, Laura; Gaggioli, Andrea; Gorini, Alessandra; Vigna, Cinzia; Corsi, Riccardo; Faletti, Gianluca; Vezzadini, Luca

    2009-01-01

    At MMVR 2007 we presented NeuroVR (http://www.neurovr.org) a free virtual reality platform based on open-source software. The software allows non-expert users to adapt the content of 14 pre-designed virtual environments to the specific needs of the clinical or experimental setting. Following the feedbacks of the 700 users who downloaded the first version, we developed a new version - NeuroVR 1.5 - that improves the possibility for the therapist to enhance the patient's feeling of familiarity and intimacy with the virtual scene, by using external sounds, photos or videos. Specifically, the new version now includes full sound support and the ability of triggering external sounds and videos using the keyboard. The outcomes of different trials made using NeuroVR will be presented and discussed.

  19. Mainstreaming culture in psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheung, Fanny M

    2012-11-01

    Despite the "awakening" to the importance of culture in psychology in America, international psychology has remained on the sidelines of psychological science. The author recounts her personal and professional experience in tandem with the stages of development in international/cross-cultural psychology. Based on her research in cross-cultural personality assessment, the author discusses the inadequacies of sole reliance on either the etic or the emic approach and points out the advantages of a combined emic-etic approach in bridging global and local human experiences in psychological science and practice. With the blurring of the boundaries between North American-European psychologies and psychology in the rest of the world, there is a need to mainstream culture in psychology's epistemological paradigm. Borrowing from the concept of gender mainstreaming that embraces both similarities and differences in promoting equal opportunities, the author discusses the parallel needs of acknowledging universals and specifics when mainstreaming culture in psychology. She calls for building a culturally informed universal knowledge base that should be incorporated in the psychology curriculum and textbooks.

  20. Clinical Study of Deanxit Combined with Psychological Intervention in Treatment of Migraine%黛力新联合心理干预治疗偏头痛的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵伟; 胡光秀; 胡新国

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the curative effect of deanxit combined with psychological intervention for the treatment of migraine patients. Methods 60 migraine patients were divided into two groups, control group with conventional treatment for migraine while the case group combined with deanxit and psychological treatment, all treatment continued for 8 weeks, of the two groups, before and after treatment 8 weeks. Both groups were recorded clinic symptoms and were assessed by symptom checklist-90( SCL-90 )score,plasma5-HT was also detected at the same time. All of patients were followed-up for 1 year. Results In treatment group,the effective rate was 90.0% while 73.3% in the control group,the difference was statistically significant( X2 = 4.565, P <0.05 );with 1-year follow-up,in the treatment group,all 30 cases had no recurrence,while the control group 6 cases of recurrence,the difference was statistically significant( X2 =5. 163,P <0. 05 ). After 8 weeks of the treatment,the decline of SCL-90 total score and blood 5-HT in treatment group were significantly higher than that in control group. Conclusion Clinical symptoms improved significantly when comprehensive anti-anxiety drugs combined with psychological treatment for patients with migraine,are administered the recurrence rate and side effects are lower.%目的 探讨黛力新联合心理干预治疗对偏头痛患者的疗效.方法 随机将60例偏头痛患者分为两组,对照组常规治疗,治疗组联用黛力新和心理治疗,疗程8周.两组在入组前及治疗后8周分别记录临床症状,观察药物的不良反应,并同步进行90项症状自评量表(SCL-90)总分评定和5-羟色胺含量的测定,随访1年.结果 治疗组有效率90.0%,对照组有效率73.3%,两组比较差异具有统计学意义(χ2=4.565,P<0.05);1年后随访,治疗组30例无一例复发,而对照组6例复发,差异具有统计学意义(χ2=5.163,P<0.05).治疗8周后两组SCL-90总分和血5-羟色胺的下降

  1. 心理护理干预对双相障碍患者冲动行为的影响临床研究%Clinical research of psychological nursing intervention on the impulsive behavior of patients with bipolar disorder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗伟连; 张程赪

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨心理护理干预对双相障碍患者冲动行为的影响。方法研究对象选取2013年1月~2013年12月入住本院的120例双相障碍患者,将其随机分为对照组和研究组,各60例。对照组采用精神科常规治疗和护理,研究组在此基础上实施为期8周的针对性心理护理干预。在治疗前及治疗第1、2、4、8周末分别用外显冲动行为量表修订版(Modified Overt Aggression Scales, MOAS)、临床疗效总评量表(Clinical Global Impression, CGI)及治疗中出现的症状量表(Treatment Emergent Symptom Scale, TESS)进行评定,以了解疗效和不良反应。结果在治疗第1、2、4、8周末,研究组外显冲动行为少于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P0.05)。结论心理护理干预能显著减少双相障碍患者的冲动行为。%Objective To explore how psychological nursing intervention intervene impulsive behavior of patients with bipolar disorder. Methods 120 cases to study were chosen from our department and were randomly divided into study group with 60 cases and control group with 60 cases. In addition to routine nursing in the 2 groups, the trial group were carried out with incremental rehabilitation exercise program. The quality of life satisfaction were observed and compared. In addition to conventional treatment and care, the study group were carried out with specific psychological nursing intervention for 8 weeks. The curative effect and side effects were e-valuated by Modified Overt Aggressiom Scale, Clinical Global Impression Scale and Treatment Emergent Symptoms Scale before and after treatment for 1,2,4,8 weeks. Results Impulsive behavior in the study group was significantly fewer than that in the control group after 1,2,4, and 8 weeks of treatment, the difference of which was statistically significant(P0.05). Conclusion Psy-chological nursing intervention can significantly reduce the impulsive behavior of patients with bipolar

  2. Identity of psychology, identity and psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirjana Nastran Ule

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with epistemic issues of modern psychology with the starting hypothesis being that scientific psychology must satisfy three main interests: scientific, practical and emancipatory interest. Particularly important is the emancipatory interest, which is based on the social reflection of scientific work and conclusions. Psychological knowledge involves not only neutral descriptions of facts, but also implicit rules, expectations regarding values or norms, and criticism of undesirable behavior. The traditional psychological model attempts to satisfy the scientific interest and partly practical interest, while avoiding emancipatory interest. But I believe modern socio-historical models of psychology to be significant precisely owing to the inclusion of emancipatory interest. The difference between these two models of psychology is most obvious in their perception of identity i.e. individuality. Conventional perceptions follow the logic of "possessive individualism" in which the individual is seen as an autonomous bearer and owner of his/her psychological states and processes. The conventional model of identity supports the modernist concept of the individual as being focused on his/her self or personal identity. Socio-historical models, on the other hand, see the individual as a being embedded in social relations and social interactions, and one who builds and expresses his/her individuality through the reflection on social interactions, discursive practices, and response to the hierarchy of power and social mechanisms of control. According to this model, identity evolves through a series of social constructions which are embodied in the individual and represent him/her in society. Identity thus becomes a notion that combines individuality and social context, subjectivation and objectivation of the individual, and historical and biographical time.

  3. 产后抑郁患者临床调查分析和心理护理浅谈%An Analysis of the Clinical Investigation of Postpartum Depression and Psychological Care

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    缪丹; 缪彬华

    2011-01-01

    Based on more than 300 cases of maternal survey,this paper analyzes of the main reasons for postnatal depression,introduces domestic and foreign clinical studies of postpartum depression status,and explains how the post-natal depression in patients with psychological care is.It has a role in guiding for health care workers to treat in the rehabilitation of patients with postpartum depression and physical and mental medical research.%本文通过对300多例产妇的调查,分析了出现产后抑郁的主要原因,介绍了国内外对产后抑郁症临床研究的现状,并有针对性地阐述了如何对产后抑郁症患者进行心理护理,对医护工作者更好地从事产后忧郁患者的康复治疗和身心医学的研究有一定的指导作用。

  4. Positive Psychology: Considerations and Implications for Counseling Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mollen, Debra; Ethington, Lanaya L.; Ridley, Charles R.

    2006-01-01

    Why has the specialty of counseling psychology been overlooked in the larger conversation about positive psychology? Is it reasonable that counseling psychology claims positive psychology as its own? What are some of the problems in defining "positive psychology," and how does the lack of consensus around operationalization thwart discourse on…

  5. Psychological Test Validity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gessmann H.-W.

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a theoretical overview of current aspects about the validity problems of psychological tests. The article demonstrates the importance of the development of psychological tests and the scientific studies of their validity, describes the different types of validity and the possible ways of measurement and determination of the validity coefficients. The paper is recommended for researchers, whose work is dedicated to the development, modification or adaptation of the psychological test.

  6. Ethnographic Fieldwork in psychology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tanggaard, Lene

    2014-01-01

    It is argued in the present article that ethnographic fieldwork can serve useful methodological ends within psychology and open the discipline to the cultural landscape of psychological phenomena in everyday life in social practices. Furthermore, a positive case is made for the soundness...... of ethnographic fieldwork. That is, rather than disputing the claim that qualitative methods can serve scientific ends, it is argued that ethnographic fieldwork is suitable for studying the constitution of psychological phenomena in social practices across time....

  7. Psychological violence against children

    OpenAIRE

    Jurkovič, Sabina

    2012-01-01

    The topic of my thesis is a study of how parents and primary school teachers perceive and identify psychological abuse of children. Psychological abuse is an especially sensitive area because children do not perceive interpersonal relations and activities in their environment in the same way as adults. Children also do not possess the physical or psychological power required to withstand or defend themselves against different forms of violence, abuse and harassment. Children who are the victi...

  8. Are Problems Prevalent and Stable in Non-Clinical Populations? Problems and Test-Retest Stability of a Patient-Generated Measure, PSYCHLOPS (Psychological Outcome Profiles), in a Non-Clinical Student Sample

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Chris; Ashworth, Mark; Peters, Marilyn

    2010-01-01

    In straightened times counselling must evidence the changes it promotes on reputable measures. Patient-generated measures complement nomothetic measures and may be nearer the ethos of counselling in eliciting individuals' problems. Scores from such measures from non-clinical samples are rarely reported, making their test-retest stability…

  9. Psychological Component of Infertility

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Home FAQs Frequently Asked Questions Quick Facts About Infertility FAQs About Infertility FAQs About the Psychological Component of Infertility FAQs About Cloning and Stem Cell Research SART's ...

  10. Center for Deployment Psychology

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Center for Deployment Psychology was developed to promote the education of psychologists and other behavioral health specialists about issues pertaining to the...

  11. [Brief discourse on development of psychology of modern traditional Chinese medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jinxia; Li, Peng; Wang, Zhen'e

    2014-05-01

    In 1980, Wang Miqu proposed the concept of "The Psychology of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM Psychology)". In 1985, "The First National Symposium on Psychology of Traditional Chinese Medicine" was held, and the concept of TCM Psychology was put forward in the symposium, thus declaring the establishment of TCM Psychology, a new disciplinary branch. Since then, 12 national or international academic symposia of TCM Psychology were convened nationwide. Based on inheriting the original TCM, by means of exploring, sorting out and improving, and by combining and integrating with psychology and medical psychology, the theory of TCM Psychology was thus gradually innovated, and a systematic knowledge of TCM Psychology was set up and utilized in the clinical practice extensively.

  12. Identifying Effective Psychological Treatments of Insomnia: A Meta-Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murtagh, Douglas R. R.; Greenwood, Kenneth M.

    1995-01-01

    Clarified efficacy of psychological treatments for insomnia through a meta-analysis of 66 outcome studies representing 139 treatment groups. Psychological treatments produced considerable enhancement of both sleep patterns and the subjective experience of sleep. Participants who were clinically referred and who did not regularly use sedatives…

  13. Linked Psychology and Writing Courses across the Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cargill, Kima; Kalikoff, Beth

    2007-01-01

    To enhance student performance, prevent attrition, and build a learning community, two courses were linked together by requiring concurrent enrollment. "Writing Effectively," an upper-division composition course, was linked with "Abnormal Psychology," an upper-division clinical psychology course, requiring concurrent enrollment in both. In short,…

  14. Transforming Coverage of Primary Prevention in Abnormal Psychology Courses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalton, James H.; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Maintains that a comprehensive understanding of abnormal psychology requires coverage of recent advances in primary prevention. Describes a conceptual scheme and recommends resources and teaching methods for instructors. Asserts that clinical and community psychology are conceptually distinct but complementary fields. (CFR)

  15. Competence Assessment Integrating Reflective Practice in a Professional Psychology Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Deborah; Virden, Tom; Hutchings, Philinda Smith; Bhargava, Ruchi

    2011-01-01

    The Midwestern University Clinical Psychology Program--Glendale Campus (MWU) created a Comprehensive Assessment Method in Psychology (CAMP) comprised of 35 different "tasks" of authentic work products representing a variety of assessment techniques based on pedagogical theory. Each task assesses one or more components of one of the program's five…

  16. Topical and Applied Interests of Introductory Psychology Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stalder, Daniel R.; Stec, Deborah A.

    2007-01-01

    Using forced-choice and continuous measures, introductory psychology students reported highest interest for the topical areas of clinical and social psychology (over biological, cognitive, and developmental) and for the applied areas of education and health (over business, environment, and law) at both the beginning and end of semesters. Among…

  17. Clinical application of unprotected perineum midwives with perineum massage and psychological counseling%无保护会阴接生法辅以会阴按摩及心理疏导的临床应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶碧玉

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨无保护会阴接生法辅以会阴按摩、心理疏导在临床中的应用效果。方法:将2013年6月~2014年6月174例在我院行孕期检查及分娩无并发症的孕妇随机等分为观察组和对照组,观察组采用无保护会阴接生法辅以会阴按摩、心理疏导;对照组则按传统常规方法接生。观察两组产妇分娩和会阴情况以及新生儿结局。结果:观察组孕妇第二产程用时、产时出血量和产后2 h 出血量均明显少于对照组;产时疼痛程度轻于对照组;观察组产妇会阴侧切、分娩恐惧及新生儿产瘤发生率低于对照组,两组比较差异均有统计学意义(P <0.05)。结论:无保护会阴接生法辅以会阴按摩、心理疏导能有效缓解孕妇分娩的恐惧感和产时疼痛程度,减少产后出血量,降低会阴损伤程度,并缩短第二产程,同时也能影响新生儿结局。%Objective:To explore the application effects of unprotected perineum midwives with perineum massage and psychological counseling in clinical treatment. Methods:Selected 174 pregnant women conducting pregnancy examination and delivery without complication in our hospital during June 2013 -June 2014,randomly divided them into observation group and control group. Adopted unprotected perineum midwives with perineum massage and psycho-logical counseling to the observation group;delivered puerperae in the control group with traditional routine method. Observed puerperae delivery and peri-neum condition as well as newborn outcome in the two groups. Results:Time of puerperae’s second stage of labor,delivery bleeding amount and postopera-tive 2 - hours bleeding amount were all significantly less than those of the control group;the delivery pain degree was lighter than that of the control group;episiotomies,fear of delivery and newborn caput succedaneum of the observation group were all lower than those of the control group,the differences of

  18. Psychological burden of food allergy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Martin Teufel; Tilo Biedermann; Nora Rapps; Constanze Hausteiner; Peter Henningsen; Paul Enck; Stephan Zipfel

    2007-01-01

    One fifth of the population report adverse reactions to food. Reasons for these symptoms are heterogeneous,varying from food allergy, food intolerance, irritable bowel syndrome to somatoform or other mental disorders. Literature reveals a large discrepancy between truly diagnosed food allergy and reports of food allergy symptoms by care seekers. In most studies currently available the characterization of patient groups is incomplete, because they did not distinguish between immunologic reactions and other kinds of food reactions.In analysing these adverse reactions, a thorough physical and psychological diagnostic approach is important. In our qualitative review, we present those diagnostic measures that are evidenced-based as well as clinically useful, and discuss the various psychological dimensions of adverse reactions to food. It is important to acknowledge the complex interplay between body and mind: Adults and children suffering from food allergy show impaired quality of life and a higher level of stress and anxiety. Pavlovian conditioning of adverse reactions plays an important role in maintaining symptoms. The role of personality, mood, or anxiety in food reactions is debatable. Somatoform disorders ought to be identified early to avoid lengthy and frustrating investigations. A future task will be to improve diagnostic algorithms, to describe psychological aspects in clearly characterised patient subgroups, and to develop strategies for an optimized management of the various types of adverse reactions to food.

  19. Alchemical crossings in Psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helton Marculino de Souza

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article is to discuss the contributions of Alchemy to the field of Psychology, especially for Analytical Psychology as a proposal of an Alchemical Psychology, whose representatives highlighted here are Carl Gustav Jung and James Hillman. It is understood that the knowledge of Alchemy have been applied in various areas such as metallurgy, chemistry, philosophy, and it has a possible application in the field of Psychology. In this sense, it is observed that if to Jung the concepts of Alchemy interlace connections with the knowledge proposed by Analytical Psychology, on the other hand Hillman adopts this knowledge to develop a strategy for use in the field of psychotherapy, proposing to think alchemically. Thus, for this second author in the exercise of Psychology, the meetings with the patient go beyond the application of theories, constituting as a “do-soul” in the office. This is, more than translating symbols, it is proposed to “stay with the image”, with an attention from both the patient and the psychologist for that the words expressed in this dialogue does not become “wordthings” or be reduced to a unique meaning that tends to discard the image. It is hoped, through this work, to promote knowledge of the professionals about the Analytical Psychology and Alchemy Psychology in their connections with Alchemy and its reverberations in the field of psychotherapy in these approaches.

  20. Psychology for All

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popovic, Nash

    2008-01-01

    In "Psychology in its place" (2008) John Radford explores and attempts to initiate a debate on what is or should be the place and role of psychology in Higher Education, primarily as a main subject for a first degree. In this paper, the author raises the stakes, and argues that Higher Education should provide a certain form of practical psychology…

  1. Child Psychology Experiences Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walla Walla Coll., WA.

    Recognizing the need for trained teachers to enter the classroom with confidence and professional capacity, Walla Walla College introduced a Child Psychology Experience program. Personnel from several departments contribute to this program. In connection with the child psychology courses, the project features a laboratory/demonstration center…

  2. Psychology and History.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munsterburg, Hugo

    1994-01-01

    This essay considers the discipline of psychology as distinct from history, defining it as a science within philosophy dedicated to the study of the causal structure of the human mind. Although Hugo Munsterburg was considered an important figure in applied psychology, this essay represents an earlier epistemology. (SLD)

  3. The psychology of obesity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swencionis, Charles; Rendell, Sarah Litman

    2012-10-01

    G. Stanley Hall, the first person to earn a Ph.D. in psychology in the United States, did research on eating behaviors in the nineteenth century (Lepore in The New Yorker, 2011). Research on psychological aspects of obesity accelerated in the 1950s and there has been a great deal done at this point. We review areas of considerable activity and relevance.

  4. Simulation and psychology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dieckmann, Peter; Krage, Ralf

    2013-01-01

    Psychology is relevant for improving the use of simulation in anesthesiology, as it allows us to describe, explain and optimize the interactions of learners and instructors as well as the design of simulation scenarios and debriefings. Much psychological expertise is not used for simulation...

  5. The Psychology of Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rangaswamy, A.; Balasubramanian, P.; Nirmala, R. Sweety

    2007-01-01

    Psychology plays a significant role in the life of each and every human being. Starting from childhood, if psychology of learning is utilized positively it would play a vital role in the building up of a bright career of a child. The explosion of information technology has been exercising far reaching influence on the area of educational…

  6. Genetics and Developmental Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plomin, Robert

    2004-01-01

    One of the major changes in developmental psychology during the past 50 years has been the acceptance of the important role of nature (genetics) as well as nurture (environment). Past research consisting of twin and adoption studies has shown that genetic influence is substantial for most domains of developmental psychology. Present research…

  7. 全国多中心慢性便秘患者情绪和睡眠状况的调查%Multi-centered stratified clinical studies for psychological and sleeping status in patients with chronic constipation in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱丽明; 方秀才; 刘诗; 张军; 李兆申; 胡品津; 高峻; 辛海威; 柯美云

    2012-01-01

    constipated symptoms,emotional and sleeping status,previous treatments and self-reported impact of constipation on health status,etc.Questionnaires were completed by well-trained physicians or investigators during face-to-face interviews.CC was diagnosed in accordance with the Rome Ⅲ criteria.Results A total of 909 valid questionnaires analyzed. There were 258 males and 651 females with a mean age of (49 ± 19) years.41.5% (377 cases)reported " tense feelings" and 38.3% (348 cases) "felt downcast" over the past 3 months.The patients feeling tense and (or) downcast "frequently" and "most of time" were around 11.3 % ( 103 cases) and 9.4% ( 85 cases).And 43.8% ( 398 cases) patients reported sleeping disorders over the past 3 months.Regional differences existed in the comorbidities of psychological and sleeping disorders in CC patients,especially in those from tertiary hospitals.And it was the highest in Beijing area for tense feelings and downcast. The sleeping disorders were the most common in the patients from secondary hospitals,of which 66.1% ( 37/56 ) and 65.0% ( 39/60 ) were from Wuhan and Xi' an respectively.They were higher than Beijing and Guangzhou (39.7% (23/58),29.0% (9/31),all P =0.001 ).The patients from rural primary clinics suffered more sleeping disorders than those from urban primary cares (P =0.026).About 35.0% (318 cases)and 28.4% (258 cases)patients reported their constipation was related with emotional and sleeping disorders.The comorbidities of psychological and sleeping disorders were more common in severe constipated patients than mild and moderate counterparts and resulted in more hospital visits( both P =0.000).Conclusions The CC patients often have the comorbidities of psychological and sleeping disorders with regional differences. The patients from the hospitals at various levels may present different spectrums of comorbidities of psychological and sleeping disorders. And the severity of CC influences the moods,sleeps and

  8. Evacuation models and disaster psychology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.C.M. Vorst

    2010-01-01

    In evacuation models of buildings, neighborhoods, areas, cities and countries important psychological parameters are not frequently used. In this paper the relevance of some important variables from disaster psychology will be discussed. Modeling psychological variables will enhance prediction of hu

  9. Theorising context in psychology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glaveanu, Vlad Petre

    2014-01-01

    This article aims to address the issue of what context is and how it can be incorporated in psychological theory by using the case study of creativity research. It starts from a basic definition of context as the spatiotemporal continuum that, together with psychological phenomena, constitutes...... a totality and should be considered a single, integrated whole. As such, contexts are neither subjective, existing only in perception, nor are they a set of variables external to the person, but participate directly in the processes under study in psychology. We can therefore distinguish between “flat......” theorising, one-dimensional and overconcerned with intra-psychological factors, and “3-D” models trying to articulate the psychological, the spatial (sociomaterial), and the temporal. These categories are illustrated by different theoretical approaches to creativity. It is argued here that a cultural...

  10. Between Education and Psychology: School Staff Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corcoran, Tim; Finney, Dave

    2015-01-01

    When discussing contributions from psychology in/to educational practices like school-based mental health promotion, it is peculiar that psychologists (of an educational or clinical kind) or education-oriented sociologists, both not often based in schools or classrooms, dominate the topic. It has been acknowledged that school staff have been over…

  11. Four Social Psychological Lenses for Developmental Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zittoun, Tania; Perret-Clermont, Anne-Nelly

    2009-01-01

    How can the advances of social and developmental psychology be integrated? This conceptual paper proposes to examine four basic theoretical models of social situations through which learning and development have been observed in the post-piagetian tradition: the psychosocial triangle, the frame, models of transfer and transitions, and models…

  12. Adverse consequences of glucocorticoid medication: psychological, cognitive, and behavioral effects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Judd, L.L.; Schettler, P.J.; Brown, E.S.; Wolkowitz, O.M.; Sternberg, E.M.; Bender, B.G.; Bulloch, K.; Cidlowski, J.A.; Kloet, E.R. de; Fardet, L.; Joels, M.; Leung, D.Y.; McEwen, B.S.; Roozendaal, B.; Rossum, E.F. van; Ahn, J.; Brown, D.W.; Plitt, A.; Singh, G.

    2014-01-01

    Glucocorticoids are the most commonly prescribed anti-inflammatory/immunosuppressant medications worldwide. This article highlights the risk of clinically significant and sometimes severe psychological, cognitive, and behavioral disturbances that may be associated with glucocorticoid use, as well as

  13. Adverse Consequences of Glucocorticoid Medication : Psychological, Cognitive, and Behavioral Effects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Judd, Lewis L.; Schettler, Pamela J.; Brown, E. Sherwood; Wolkowitz, Owen M.; Sternberg, Esther M.; Bender, Bruce G.; Bulloch, Karen; Cidlowski, John A.; de Kloet, E. Ronald; Fardet, Laurence; Joëls, Marian; Leung, Donald Y. M.; McEwen, Bruce S.; Roozendaal, Benno; Van Rossum, Elisabeth F. C.; Ahn, Junyoung; Brown, David W.; Plitt, Aaron; Singh, Gagandeep

    2014-01-01

    Glucocorticoids are the most commonly prescribed anti-inflammatory/immunosuppressant medications worldwide. This article highlights the risk of clinically significant and sometimes severe psychological, cognitive, and behavioral disturbances that may be associated with glucocorticoid use, as well as

  14. Analysis on the Application of Psychological Nursing in Obstetrics and Gynecology in Clinical Nursing%浅谈心理护理在妇产科临床护理中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桂春; 王新芳; 牛金凤

    2015-01-01

    探讨心理护理在妇产科护理工作中的应用,通过运用适当的心理护理手段,解决了妇产科患者的心理问题,从而提高了护理质量。%The application of psychological nursing in obstetrics and gynecology nursing,psychological nursing through the use of appropriate means to solve the psychological problems of obstetrics and gynecology patients,thereby improving the quality of nursing.

  15. 心理护理干预对抑郁症患者临床疗效的影响%The influence of psychological nursing intervention to effect of clinic therapy on depression.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许丽霞; 王秀芬; 孙惠萍; 曹志坤; 周策

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨心理护理干预对抑郁症患者临床疗效的影响.方法:对我院住院治疗的76例抑郁症患者随机分成治疗组和对照组各38例,两组同时服用相同的抗抑郁药舍曲林25~75 mg,每日1次,并给予常规护理,治疗组增加心理护理干预措施,包括精神分析、认知疗法、音乐疗法等,同时给患者讲解抑郁症的相关知识,做好健康教育,督促患者定期复查,做好随访工作.分别在治疗前后2、4、8周末用汉密顿抑郁量表(HAMD)评分和四级疗效评定、服药依从性比较.结果:心理干预前两组HAMD评分无统计学差异(P>0.05),护理干预8周末HAMD评分治疗组明显低于对照组,服药依从性明显高于对照组,具有显著性差异(P<0.01),两组疗效评定治疗组显效率明显高于对照组(P<0.05).结论:心理护理干预可提高临床疗效及服药依从性,降低复发率,提高生活质量.%Objective :To explore the influence of pchcological nursing intervention to effect of clinic therapy on depression.Methods :76 cases with depression who were treated in our hospital from were randomly divided into therapy group and control group with 38 cased respectively.Two group inpatients takod the same midicine at the same time (Sertralin 25 -75 mg,PO once a day) and routine nursing care.In therapy group, the inpatients were increased psychcological nursing intervention measures.The intervention measurs included psychological analysis, cognitive therapy and music therapy etc.Meanwhile doctors instructed the study inpatients the relative knowladge ,gave heathy education and arranged the patients to check up regularly.Two groups patients were evaluated before intervention and after intervention by HAMD and compared with the compliance.Results:There was no significant statistic difference between two groups before intervention evaluated by HAMD (P > 0.05 ).After 8 weeks intervention, the therapy group patients had a higher scores by HAM D and

  16. Psychological Distress in Norwegian Nurses and Teachers over Nine Years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Per Nerdrum

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Psychological distress have been found to be high and influence negatively nurses’ and teachers’ work. In this nine-year project, we present the first longitudinal study comparing psychological distress from 1467 students and young professionals in nursing and teaching. Psychological distress was measured with GHQ 12 at the start and the end of their studies and three and six years after graduation. Both descriptive statistics and estimated models were used to assess psychological distress over time. Psychological distress increased significantly in both groups during education. The reduction of psychological distress was significant among the nurses, and they clearly showed a “healthy worker effect” when coming into clinical work. The teachers had a small and non-significant reduction in the same period and did not show a positive effect after starting pedagogical work.

  17. 探讨性病患者临床心理分析与治疗%Exploration of the clinical psychological analysis and treatment of patients with sexually transmitted diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹琳

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To analyze the relationship between clinical psychology and treatment of patients with sexually transmitted diseases.Methods:146 cases of patients with sexually transmitted diseases were divided into two groups randomly. The patients in the control group were given conventional treatment,while the patients in the experimental group were given psychotherapy on the basis of conventional treatment,and the total effective rate of the two groups was compared. Results:The total effective rate of the experimental group was 94.5%,which was significantly higher than that of the control group (75.3%),and the difference was statistically significant(P < 0.05).Conclusion:Conventional treatment combined with psychotherapy could improve the total effective rate of patients with sexually transmitted diseases.%目的:分析性病患者临床心理与治疗的关系。方法:收治性病患者146例,随机分为两组。对照组给予常规治疗,试验组在常规治疗基础上给予心理治疗,比较两组治疗总有效率。结果:试验组治疗总有效率94.5%,明显高于对照组的75.3%,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:常规治疗联合心理治疗能提高性病患者治疗总有效率。

  18. 产前门诊对孕妇心理状态、满意度及分娩的影响%The Influence of Psychological State,Satisfaction and Childbirth for Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文敏

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To analyze and discuss the role of nurse-midwives and antenatal clinics satisfaction with their impact on the psychological state of pregnant women and childbirth.Method:In this example,the normal maternity hospital maternity patients regularly for check-in for the survey were selected, they were divided into observation group and control groups,60 cases in each group.The control group was only given general prenatal clinic regularly,the observation group was regularly attended antenatal clinics in general on the basis of the control group.The questionnaire was used to observe and record the two maternal mental state and satisfaction,birth outcomes of patients.Result:The observation group with more stable mental state,the lower anxiety level than the control group of pregnant women,the differences were statistically significant(P<0.05),satisfaction of pregnant women in observation group was significantly higher than the control group,the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05),the differences of the planning pregnant cesarean rate,the total amount of bleeding and delivery in the observation group and control group were statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion:Maternal regularly attend antenatal clinics midwives on maternal heart to stabilize maternal mental state,improve their satisfaction and help smooth delivery,improve the success rate of natural childbirth, should be further promoted in clinical work.%目的:分析并探讨助产护士产前门诊的作用以及其对孕妇心理状态、满意度及分娩的影响。方法:本例中,选取在笔者所在医院妇产科定期产检的正常产妇例为调查对象,分为观察组及对照组,每组各60例。观察组在一般产前门诊的基础上定期参加助产护士产前门诊,对照组仅定期进行一般产检门诊。问卷调查两组产妇的心理状态及满意度;观察和记录患者的分娩结局。结果:观察组孕妇心理状态较对照组稳定

  19. Statistical Power of Psychological Research: What Have We Gained in 20 Years?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossi, Joseph S.

    1990-01-01

    Calculated power for 6,155 statistical tests in 221 journal articles published in 1982 volumes of "Journal of Abnormal Psychology,""Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology," and "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology." Power to detect small, medium, and large effects was .17, .57, and .83, respectively. Concluded that power of…

  20. Changes in Research Productivity in Counseling Psychology: Revisiting Howard (1983) a Decade Later.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delgado, Edward A.; Howard, George S.

    1994-01-01

    Assessed institutional research productivity in counseling psychology by totaling credits for articles published from 1983 through 1992 in "Journal of Counseling Psychology,""Counseling Psychologist,""Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,""Journal of Vocational Behavior," and "Journal of Counseling and Development." Found that several…

  1. Distinguishing Science from Pseudoscience in School Psychology: Science and Scientific Thinking as Safeguards against Human Error

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lilienfeld, Scott O.; Ammirati, Rachel; David, Michal

    2012-01-01

    Like many domains of professional psychology, school psychology continues to struggle with the problem of distinguishing scientific from pseudoscientific and otherwise questionable clinical practices. We review evidence for the scientist-practitioner gap in school psychology and provide a user-friendly primer on science and scientific thinking for…

  2. Using an Internship Opportunity to Expand Awareness of Industrial/Organizational Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kisamore, Jennifer L.; Alexander, Evangeline

    2008-01-01

    The public perception of the field of psychology tends to be limited to the clinical area. Exposure to other areas of psychology through broad, introductory courses helps expand students' perspectives of psychology. This exposure may be too late, however, as many colleges cannot afford to devote entire courses to each of the many subfields of…

  3. Discursive and scientific psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Derek

    2012-09-01

    I begin with the origins of Loughborough University's Discourse and Rhetoric Group (DARG), and in particular discursive psychology (DP). Rather than attempting to summarize DP, versions of which are plentiful, the article attempts to clarify various relationships and tensions between DP and other kinds of social psychology, particularly experimental. Common sense psychology is defined as DP's topic rather than rival; the aim is to study how people deploy everyday psychological notions and manage psychological business within talk and text, and what they accomplish by such deployments, rather than trying, as experimental psychology is often characterized as doing, to replace it all with something purportedly better. Claims for DP being particularly interpretative rather than scientific are rejected, by appeal to an 'interpretative gap' between phenomena, data, analysis, and conclusions that all research must manage, that gap being often much larger in quantitative and experimental work. The importance of pursuing causal explanations of psychological phenomena is questioned, and the importance asserted, of discovering, through rigorous empirical and conceptual analysis, the normative bases of human conduct and accountability.

  4. Discursive social psychology now.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Ian

    2012-09-01

    This paper reviews the progress of discourse-analytic approaches in social psychology from the late 1980s to the present day, with a particular focus on the way conceptual and methodological contributions from within the Discourse and Rhetoric Group at Loughborough University have negotiated a positive role for innovative studies of language in the discipline of psychology. Social psychology has become a key site for the accumulation of a series of empirical studies that have seen the flourishing of a distinctive form of 'discursive social psychology' that has succeeded in moving from the margins of the discipline to a more accepted position. The paper traces this trajectory of discourse analysis from the limits to the centre of social psychology attending to five features that now characterise its contribution to psychology; an emphasis on everyday conversation, a concern with interpersonal interaction, explication of formal sequences; an insistence on empirical claims; and fidelity to the ethos of its host discipline. The paper concludes with some comments on the wider context of this new approach inside psychology today.

  5. PSYCHOLOGICAL ADAPTATION AND REHABILITATION OF RECIPIENTS OF DONOR ORGANS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. V. Gautier

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes the nature of psychological adaptation and rehabilitation of patients, recipients of solid organs. The results of the clinical and psychological work with patients, recipients of donor organs, carried out in theSverdlovskRegionalClinicalHospital№ 1 are shown. Special attention has been paid to the study of motivation as the main psychological factor in the process of adaptation and rehabilitation. We have also shown the infl uence of body image and self-evaluation on the emotional state of patients after the operation. Special stress is laid on the significance of psychological factors which improve the quality of the patient’s life. The main principles and the system of psychological rehabilitation are presented. 

  6. Contributions of object relations theory and self psychology to relational psychology and group psychotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schermer, V L

    2000-04-01

    Object relations theory and self psychology are psychoanalytic perspectives that are especially concerned with interpersonal relations and their mental representations. Object relations theory began as an intrapsychic "singleton" psychology with the work of Freud and Melanie Klein. It subsequently evolved into a multi-person psychology with the work of Bion on groups, as well as the clinical and theoretical contributions of Winnicott and Fairbairn. Kohutian self psychology, which emerged later, has been interested in the relations between the self and significant others as mirroring and idealizing "self-objects." Stolorow's "inter-subjective perspective" emerged from self psychology as a full-fledged multi-person point of view. This article considers the significance of contemporary object relations theory and self psychology as relational, multi-person perspectives in terms of their application to group psychotherapy, focusing upon the group-as-a-whole, projective identification, transitional space and object, and self/self-object relations as particularly useful constructs. A clinical vignette is provided.

  7. An introduction to spiritual psychology: overview of the literature, east and west.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miovic, Michael

    2004-01-01

    This article outlines the philosophical background to spiritual psychology and selectively reviews Western and Eastern literature on the subject. The world views of theism, atheism, and agnosticism are defined and critiqued, and the boundaries of scientific knowledge discussed. The views of James, Jung, and Freud are reviewed, and the contributions of humanistic psychology noted. Contemporary spiritual psychology is then summarized with reference to recent literature on theistic psychotherapy, Buddhist psychology, mind-body medicine, and transpersonal psychology. Sri Aurobindo's work is introduced as a modern Asian perspective on theistic psychology, and his model of the relationship between the "soul" and the unconscious described. Finally, a brief clinical vignette is given.

  8. Detecting referral and selection bias by the anonymous linkage of practice, hospital and clinic data using Secure and Private Record Linkage (SAPREL: case study from the evaluation of the Improved Access to Psychological Therapy (IAPT service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parry Glenys

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The evaluation of demonstration sites set up to provide improved access to psychological therapies (IAPT comprised the study of all people identified as having common mental health problems (CMHP, those referred to the IAPT service, and a sample of attenders studied in-depth. Information technology makes it feasible to link practice, hospital and IAPT clinic data to evaluate the representativeness of these samples. However, researchers do not have permission to browse and link these data without the patients' consent. Objective To demonstrate the use of a mixed deterministic-probabilistic method of secure and private record linkage (SAPREL - to describe selection bias in subjects chosen for in-depth evaluation. Method We extracted, pseudonymised and used fuzzy logic to link multiple health records without the researcher knowing the patient's identity. The method can be characterised as a three party protocol mainly using deterministic algorithms with dynamic linking strategies; though incorporating some elements of probabilistic linkage. Within the data providers' safe haven we extracted: Demographic data, hospital utilisation and IAPT clinic data; converted post code to index of multiple deprivation (IMD; and identified people with CMHP. We contrasted the age, gender, ethnicity and IMD for the in-depth evaluation sample with people referred to IAPT, use hospital services, and the population as a whole. Results The in IAPT-in-depth group had a mean age of 43.1 years; CI: 41.0 - 45.2 (n = 166; the IAPT-referred 40.2 years; CI: 39.4 - 40.9 (n = 1118; and those with CMHP 43.6 years SEM 0.15. (n = 12210. Whilst around 67% of those with a CMHP were women, compared to 70% of those referred to IAPT, and 75% of those subject to in-depth evaluation (Chi square p Conclusions The sample studied in-depth were older, more likely female, and less deprived than people with CMHP, and fewer had recorded ethnic minority status. Anonymous

  9. Detecting referral and selection bias by the anonymous linkage of practice, hospital and clinic data using Secure and Private Record Linkage (SAPREL): case study from the evaluation of the Improved Access to Psychological Therapy (IAPT) service

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Background The evaluation of demonstration sites set up to provide improved access to psychological therapies (IAPT) comprised the study of all people identified as having common mental health problems (CMHP), those referred to the IAPT service, and a sample of attenders studied in-depth. Information technology makes it feasible to link practice, hospital and IAPT clinic data to evaluate the representativeness of these samples. However, researchers do not have permission to browse and link these data without the patients' consent. Objective To demonstrate the use of a mixed deterministic-probabilistic method of secure and private record linkage (SAPREL) - to describe selection bias in subjects chosen for in-depth evaluation. Method We extracted, pseudonymised and used fuzzy logic to link multiple health records without the researcher knowing the patient's identity. The method can be characterised as a three party protocol mainly using deterministic algorithms with dynamic linking strategies; though incorporating some elements of probabilistic linkage. Within the data providers' safe haven we extracted: Demographic data, hospital utilisation and IAPT clinic data; converted post code to index of multiple deprivation (IMD); and identified people with CMHP. We contrasted the age, gender, ethnicity and IMD for the in-depth evaluation sample with people referred to IAPT, use hospital services, and the population as a whole. Results The in IAPT-in-depth group had a mean age of 43.1 years; CI: 41.0 - 45.2 (n = 166); the IAPT-referred 40.2 years; CI: 39.4 - 40.9 (n = 1118); and those with CMHP 43.6 years SEM 0.15. (n = 12210). Whilst around 67% of those with a CMHP were women, compared to 70% of those referred to IAPT, and 75% of those subject to in-depth evaluation (Chi square p < 0.001). The mean IMD score for the in-depth evaluation group was 36.6; CI: 34.2 - 38.9; (n = 166); of those referred to IAPT 38.7; CI: 37.9 - 39.6; (n = 1117); and of people with CMHP 37.6; CI 37

  10. SPORT AND EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andy Lane

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available DESCRIPTION The book introduces the undergraduate psychology student to both academic and professional aspects of Sport and Exercise Psychology. It uses up to date research evidence, established theory and a variety of activities that help the student consider and understand academic and professional aspects of this particular academic discipline. PURPOSE The book aims to provide the undergraduate psychology student with a structured introduction to the subject area and an insight into the theoretical evidence and practical suggestions that underpin what a Sport and Exercise psychologist does. The book also aims to support one term or one semester courses in Sport and Exercise Psychology. It is also appropriate for Masters level courses. FEATURES The book begins with a chapter on applied sports psychology to give the reader an insight into the domain of sport psychology, providing an overview of the techniques that could be used. The next three chapters focus on mood, anxiety and self confidence, which influence performance. This leads on to four chapters that focus on managing psychological states. There is also a chapter on leadership which interestingly includes leadership development in coaches and in athletes. Two chapters focus on the effects of exercise on psychological states, providing a balance between the benefits and potential drawbacks. The final chapter examines the issue of placebo effects. Throughout each chapter there are useful activities than can help the reader's understanding of practical and theoretical issues. These also have practical implications for the work of a Sport and Exercise Psychologist. Key ethical issues are raised on a regular basis throughout the text. The book offers an excellent blend of theory and practical suggestions which are critically discussed thus giving valuable insights regarding the research process and applied practice which is often lacking in the more well known standard textbooks for Sport

  11. The Individual Differences Tradition in Counseling Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawis, Rene V.

    1992-01-01

    Traces historical development from individual differences psychology through psychological testing, vocational counseling, and student personnel work, to counseling psychology. Describes individual differences tradition in counseling psychology research and practice. Discusses how individual differences psychology has influenced counseling…

  12. Deconstructivism and psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Metka Mencin Čeplak

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available In last ten, fifteen years, variety of disciplines literary throng the conceptualizations of identity. This plurality of discourses blurs the boundaries between disciplines and at the same time deepens them. The deconstruction positions in psychology, referring to Althusser's concept of interpellation, Lacanian psychoanalysis and Foucault's theorization of discourse and power relations do not try to define the boundaries and connections between the disciplines. However, in the analyses of the birth of psychological knowledge and their consequences the deconstruction position points out that psychological knowledge fatally reduces the factors constructing identity and subjectivity by limiting itself on individual and interpersonal. This article discusses two consequences of this reduction: this reduction leads to the conclusion that social differentiation is the effect of the individual differences in capacities and personal characteristics and at the same time this reduction impedes psychological knowledge in the analyses of its own role in the power relations.

  13. "Jeopardy" in Abnormal Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keutzer, Carolin S.

    1993-01-01

    Describes the use of the board game, Jeopardy, in a college level abnormal psychology course. Finds increased student interaction and improved application of information. Reports generally favorable student evaluation of the technique. (CFR)

  14. Globalization, culture and psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melluish, Steve

    2014-10-01

    This article outlines the cultural and psychological effects of globalization. It looks at the impact of globalization on identity; ideas of privacy and intimacy; the way we understand and perceive psychological distress; and the development of the profession of psychology around the world. The article takes a critical perspective on globalization, seeing it as aligned with the spread of neoliberal capitalism, a tendency towards cultural homogenization, the imposition of dominant 'global north' ideas and the resultant growing inequalities in health and well-being. However, it also argues that the increased interconnectedness created by globalization allows for greater acknowledgement of our common humanity and for collective efforts to be developed to tackle what are increasingly global problems. This requires the development of more nuanced understandings of cultural differences and of indigenous psychologies.

  15. Psychological constraints on egalitarianism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kasperbauer, Tyler Joshua

    2015-01-01

    Debates over egalitarianism for the most part are not concerned with constraints on achieving an egalitarian society, beyond discussions of the deficiencies of egalitarian theory itself. This paper looks beyond objections to egalitarianism as such and investigates the relevant psychological...... processes motivating people to resist various aspects of egalitarianism. I argue for two theses, one normative and one descriptive. The normative thesis holds that egalitarians must take psychological constraints into account when constructing egalitarian ideals. I draw from non-ideal theories in political...... philosophy, which aim to construct moral goals with current social and political constraints in mind, to argue that human psychology must be part of a non-ideal theory of egalitarianism. The descriptive thesis holds that the most fundamental psychological challenge to egalitarian ideals comes from what...

  16. Social Psychology as History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gergen, Kenneth J.

    1973-01-01

    An analysis of theory and research in social psychology reveals that while methods of research are scientific in character, theories of social behavior are primarily reflections of contemporary history. (Author)

  17. Goals and Psychological Accounting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koch, Alexander Karl; Nafziger, Julia

    -induced reference points make substandard performance psychologically painful and motivate the individual to stick to his goals. How strong the commitment to goals is depends on the type of psychological account. We provide conditions when it is optimal to evaluate goals in narrow accounts. The key intuition......We model how people formulate and evaluate goals to overcome self-control problems. People often attempt to regulate their behavior by evaluating goal-related outcomes separately (in narrow psychological accounts) rather than jointly (in a broad account). To explain this evidence, our theory...... of endogenous narrow or broad psychological accounts combines insights from the literatures on goals and mental accounting with models of expectations-based reference-dependent preferences. By formulating goals the individual creates expectations that induce reference points for task outcomes. These goal...

  18. Operational Psychology Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, Al

    2009-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the history of long duration spaceflight, and the changes in the International Space Station crew and the effect that this has had on the psychology of astronaut selection and training.

  19. Democracy and Cultural Psychology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Steffen Moltrup Ernø

    2016-01-01

    This paper discusses a theme touched upon in Robert Innis’s article on cultural psych- ology and philosophy, namely how we, within cultural psychology, seem to be undecided about how best to provide value on a societal level. It is discussed how psychology has provided us with several valuable...... tools for examining and understanding our own exist- ence, despite the fact that it is also a field that has seemed to be in one crisis after another since its inception. It is argued that cultural psychology is an intellectual tech- nology that allows us to peek under the hood of society, which...... is of utmost importance in today’s society, where democratic ideals are under severe pressure. Corporations, industries, and privileged individuals exercise increased control over political processes, having created obscure systems by which they operate. It is concluded that cultural psychology needs to find...

  20. Poverty and psychology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Poluektova, Olga V.; Efremova, Maria V.; Breugelmans, S.M.

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a study on the association between dimensions of poverty (income, subjective socioeconomic status, deprivation, and socioeconomic status in childhood) and individual psychological characteristics. In this study, our goal was to determine: 1) the differences in individual psycholo

  1. Ecological psychology and social psychology: continuing discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charles, Eric P

    2012-06-01

    What form would an ideal merger of ecological and social psychology take? Is that ideal attainable? Many researchers and theorists are working to answer these questions. Charles (2009, 2011a) offered insights from E. B. Holt, one of James J. Gibson's mentors, who argued that minds-mental kinds, processes, states, etc.-are observable aspects of the environment. Phrasing that in Ecological terms, the minds of other organisms are specified in the structure of ambient energy extended over time and space; they are directly perceivable by a properly attuned organism. Ecological Psychology enhances Holt's story, by brining to the table a sophisticated theory of direct perception; Holt enhances the Ecological story by brining to the table a sophisticated theory about the nature of minds. The two combine to form the long-sought ideal merger. Thus, I claimed, Ecological Psychology will either rediscover its roots, or go through the trouble of re-creating them. This paper further develops those ideas, by presenting a simpler version of the argument, suggesting easy ways of dismissing that argument, and addressing the concerns expressed by Castro and Lafuente (2011).

  2. Eating, Psychology of

    OpenAIRE

    Dovey, T

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this article was to provide the reader with a brief guide to the psychology of eating. Biological, developmental, cognitive, social, eating disorders and obesity were all discussed and their relative contribution to the psychology of eating was described. This paper has also described how eating behaviourists have conceptualised hunger and fullness in order to understand human motivations to feed. It is hoped that interested readers will continue beyond this article to gain a...

  3. Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology (SNP)

    OpenAIRE

    Mouras, Harold; Faucherre, Adèle

    2011-01-01

    It is an exciting challenge for us to launch a new interdisciplinary journal, Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology. We believe the journal will appeal to a wide audience across several scientific specialties. In recent decades, considerable technical and theoretical advances have shed new light on psychological and neural processes. For example, in the area of neuroimaging techniques, it is now possible to explore the role of the brain in a wide variety of behaviours and paradigms (mo...

  4. Giving Psychology Away Is Expensive

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorsuch, Richard L.; Wallace, William L.

    2005-01-01

    This article presents comments on "Does Psychology make a significant difference in our lives?" by P. Zimbardo. We deeply appreciate the documentation and inspiration provided by Zimbardo on how psychology is reaching out to the public by "giving psychology away" (p. 340). We totally agree that psychology has much, much more to offer that could be…

  5. Political Psychology of European Integration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Manners, Ian James

    2014-01-01

    The chapter engages in a survey of what political psychology and European integration have to say to each other in the understanding of the European Union. The chapter draws on five strands of political psychology as part of this engagement – conventional psychology, social psychology, social...

  6. Introduction to Psychology. Fourth Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalat, James W.

    Chapters in this textbook for college students in introductory psychology courses are: (1) What is Psychology?; (2) Scientific Methods in Psychology; (3) Biological Psychology; (4) Sensation and Perception; (5) Altered States; (6) Learning; (7) Memory; (8) Cognition and Language; (9) Intelligence and Its Measurement; (10) Development; (11)…

  7. Psychological distress and patient satisfaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenley, J R; Young, T B; Schoenherr, R A

    1982-04-01

    Psychologically distressed patients and clients of health care and social service organizations are found to report somewhat more dissatisfaction with services than do the nondistressed. Four explanations for this relationship are examined: 1) the psychologically distressed are generally dissatisfied; 2) service providers react negatively to the psychologically distressed; 3) psychologically distressed patients are dissatisfied when service providers do not respond to their psychological needs; and 4) patients who deny their psychological distress tend to be dissatisfied. The results show that the psychologically distressed report more dissatisfaction because of the very high levels of dissatisfaction found among patients who deny having personal problems.

  8. Maternal psychological impact of fetal echocardiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sklansky, Mark; Tang, Alvin; Levy, Denis; Grossfeld, Paul; Kashani, Iraj; Shaughnessy, Robin; Rothman, Abraham

    2002-02-01

    The maternal psychological impact of fetal echocardiography may be deleterious in the face of newly diagnosed congenital heart disease. This questionnaire-based study prospectively examined the psychological impact of both normal and abnormal fetal echocardiography. Normal fetal echocardiography decreased maternal anxiety, increased happiness, and increased the closeness women felt toward their unborn children. In contrast, when fetal echocardiography detected congenital heart disease, maternal anxiety typically increased, and mothers commonly felt less happy about being pregnant. However, among women who had recently delivered infants with congenital heart disease, those who had had fetal echocardiography during the pregnancy felt less responsible for their infants' defects and tended to have improved their relationships with the infants' fathers after the prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease. Further study of the psychological and medical impact of fetal echocardiography will be necessary to define and optimize the clinical value of this powerful diagnostic tool.

  9. The psychological characteristics and rehabilitation of enterostomizedpatients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian Ping Wang; Zong Fang Wang; Xie Mei Ye; Shao Yun Guo

    2000-01-01

    AIM To analyze the psychological characteristics of enterostomized patients, identify the effective methodsin order to improve the psychological rehabilitation of these patients and promote their quality of life.METHODS Questionnaires were filled up by 293 enterostomized patients pre- and post-operatively toidentify their psychological characteristics. One group (n = 45) of post-enterostomized patients were taughtto take care of stoma by irrigation, the others (n = 248) to merely look after the colostomy bag.RESULTS The psychological characteristics were identified as disbelief, fear, desperation or anxiety pre-operatively; as unstable mood, irritable, afraid, sense of lost body image or depression post-operatively; aslow self-esteem, self isolation, or despondent in rehabilitative period respectively. Results revealed that thepatients need psychological support both pre-operatively and post-operatively. Meanwhile, proper stoma careis of the same importance. After irrigation 1 -3 months regularly, most of the 45 regular irrigating patientswere free from skin irritation problems; 40(89%) patients had daily or bidaily motions; and most of themshowed an absence of fecal leakage or gases, and they hardly suffer from bad odors. Some of them even onlypartially use the colostomy bag. These patients were more confident to reinstate to their previous daily life.Only 5 (11%) patients had irregular bowel movements. Enterostomized patient club and out-patientconsultation clinic are beneficial to improve their psychological rehabilitation.CONCLUSION Careful pre-operative psychological support can help patient's post-operative adoption. Thepsychological rehabilitation of the patients can speed their physical recovery. Proper stoma care and earlyreinstatement into previous social life are also important to improve the patients' rehabilitation.

  10. The Lack of Representation of Educational Psychology and School Psychology in Introductory Psychology Textbooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucas, Jennifer L.; Blazek, Melissa A.; Raley, Amber B.; Washington, Christi

    2005-01-01

    The first goal of this study was to look at the representation of educational and school psychology in introductory psychology textbooks. Research into the representation of other sub-fields of psychology has been conducted but no research has looked specifically at educational or school psychology. The second goal was to compare the…

  11. Lest we forget that industrial and organisational psychology is psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DJW Strümpfer

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The tie between industrial/organisational psychology (IOP and general psychology should be taken seriously. The origin of the split into separate academic departments is discussed. Four IOP topics are presented which are rooted in psychology or where the psychological quality is strong, making the tie-in clear: motivation, leadership, assessment, and appreciative inquiry; by way of illustration, proponents are referred to. Specialisation and professionalisation often bring undue emphasis on technology. IOP cannot be human resource management. Suggestions are made about bringing IOP and psychology closer within teaching programmes and internships. Appreciative images of what IOP, hand-in-hand with psychology, could be like, are put forward.

  12. The psychological present.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, L J

    1992-01-01

    The present paper compares behavior-analytic and cognitive treatments of the concept of psychological history with regard to its role in current action. Both treatments take the position that the past bears some responsibility for the present, and are thereby obligated to find a means of actualizing the past in the present. Both do so by arguing that the past is brought to bear in the present via the organism. Although the arguments of the two positions differ on this issue, neither provides a complete account. An unconventional treatment of psychological history is proposed, the logic of which is exemplified in anthropological, biological, and psychological perspectives. The unconventional treatment in psychological perspective holds that (a) the organism's interaction with its environment, not the organism itself, changes with experience; and (b) the past interactions of an organism exist as, and only as, the present interactions of that organism. This solution to the problem of psychological history provides obligations and opportunities for analysis that are not available when the more conventional positions of cognitivism and behavior analysis are adopted.

  13. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Treated by Acupuncture and Moxibustion in Combination with Psychological Approaches in 310 Cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo Junhua

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To observe clinical therapeutic effect of acupuncture and moxibustion combined with a psychological approach on chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Methods: The treatment was given by acupuncture plus moxibustion combined with a psychological approach based on differentiation of symptoms and signs in 310 cases. Results: Of 310 cases observed, 275 cases (88.7%) were clinically cured,28 cases (9%) improved, and 7 cases (2.3%) failed. Conclusion: Acupuncture plus moxibustion combined with a psychological approach is an effective therapy for CFS.

  14. Advancing family psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiese, Barbara H

    2016-02-01

    To realize the broad and complex nature of the field of family psychology, I have slightly revised the mission statement of the Journal of Family Psychology (JFP) to capture contemporary scholarship in family psychology and to advance systems perspectives in this top-tier scientific journal. Over the next 6 years, I hope that authors will consider JFP as an outlet for their best work in the following areas: (1) JFP addresses societal challenges faced by families today; (2) JFP publishes important studies on what makes couple and family relationships work; (3) JFP is a leader in publishing reports that use cutting-edge sophisticated approaches to research design and data analysis; and (4) JFP imparts knowledge about effective therapy and prevention programs relevant to couples and families. The journal is also expanding its publication rate to eight issues per year.

  15. [Psychological theories of motivation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quoniam, Nolwenn; Bungener, Catherine

    2004-03-01

    The comprehension of the principles guiding the human actions has always been an important aspect of philosophy. The development of experimental psychology first completely rejected all mental explanations such as will, intentions or motives. Behavior should then only be understood as determined by conditioning and learning. However, different theories denied that human behavior could be considered as purely reactive to the environment and stressed the active role of the organism on the environment. Theories from the humanist psychology and the social psychology described two kinds of motivation. The extrinsic motivation results from external stimuli and the intrinsic motivation from the organism himself. Our behavior is therefore determined by an interaction between our beliefs, expectations, needs and the environment. Actually, the concept of motivation is not well specified. It refers either to a global dynamic structure responsible for action either to a specific tendency toward some specific actions. Anyway, motivation is a concept infered from behavior. Therefore, its evaluation could only be secondary.

  16. Qualitative experiments in psychology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wagoner, Brady

    2015-01-01

    was in a state of transition from a focus on elements (the concern of psychophysics) to a focus on wholes (the concern of Gestalt psychology). The defining feature of BARTLETT's early experiments is his holistic treatment of human responses, in which the basic unit of analysis is the active person relating......In this article, I explore the meaning of experiments in early twentieth century psychology, focusing on the qualitative experimental methodology of psychologist Frederic BARTLETT. I begin by contextualizing BARTLETT's experiments within the continental research tradition of his time, which...... to some material within the constraints of a social and material context. This manifests itself in a number of methodological principles that contrast with contemporary understandings of experimentation in psychology. The contrast is further explored by reviewing the history of "replications...

  17. Psychology, replication & beyond.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laws, Keith R

    2016-06-01

    Modern psychology is apparently in crisis and the prevailing view is that this partly reflects an inability to replicate past findings. If a crisis does exists, then it is some kind of 'chronic' crisis, as psychologists have been censuring themselves over replicability for decades. While the debate in psychology is not new, the lack of progress across the decades is disappointing. Recently though, we have seen a veritable surfeit of debate alongside multiple orchestrated and well-publicised replication initiatives. The spotlight is being shone on certain areas and although not everyone agrees on how we should interpret the outcomes, the debate is happening and impassioned. The issue of reproducibility occupies a central place in our whig history of psychology.

  18. A Social Psychological Perspective:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Singla, Rashmi; Westerling, Allan

    2008-01-01

    This paper investigates intergenerational care in family life in Denmark. It compares different patterns of care between three groups of families: 1) Monoethnic Danish Families (n=701), 2) Monoethnic South Asian Families (n =5) and 3) Multiethnic Families (n=15). Through the use of network analys...... of agency with the changing societal structures and the diaspora context is confirmed. Key words: intergenerational care, individualisation, social network analysis, socio-cultural psychology, modernisation...... institutionalised individualism and interconnectedness. The focus is on the vertical and horizontal relationships within the socio-cultural psychological framework combining positioning theory with the  life course perspectives. Moreover there is focus on the diaspora processes for the South Asian young adults....... The paper analyses the discourses of intergenerational care as they intersect with everyday life practices and psychological realities of persons. The results indicate changes in the care pattern and deals with the dilemmas of solidarity, which are in contrast to dominant discourses of generations...

  19. Embodiment in social psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meier, Brian P; Schnall, Simone; Schwarz, Norbert; Bargh, John A

    2012-10-01

    Psychologists are increasingly interested in embodiment based on the assumption that thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are grounded in bodily interaction with the environment. We examine how embodiment is used in social psychology, and we explore the ways in which embodied approaches enrich traditional theories. Although research in this area is burgeoning, much of it has been more descriptive than explanatory. We provide a critical discussion of the trajectory of embodiment research in social psychology. We contend that future researchers should engage in a phenomenon-based approach, highlight the theoretical boundary conditions and mediators involved, explore novel action-relevant outcome measures, and address the role of individual differences broadly defined. Such research will likely provide a more explanatory account of the role of embodiment in general terms as well as how it expands the knowledge base in social psychology.

  20. Democracy and Cultural Psychology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Steffen Moltrup Ernø

    2016-01-01

    This paper discusses a theme touched upon in Robert Innis’s article on cultural psych- ology and philosophy, namely how we, within cultural psychology, seem to be undecided about how best to provide value on a societal level. It is discussed how psychology has provided us with several valuable...... is of utmost importance in today’s society, where democratic ideals are under severe pressure. Corporations, industries, and privileged individuals exercise increased control over political processes, having created obscure systems by which they operate. It is concluded that cultural psychology needs to find...... its role as a scientific discipline that contributes to making transparent the political, social, and interpersonal relations that define how our lives are shaped, if we want a discipline that provides value beyond the scientific realm....

  1. Discursive psychology and feminism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weatherall, Ann

    2012-09-01

    This appraisal highlights the productive engagement between feminism and discursive psychology (DP). It discusses some of the confluence and tensions between DP and feminism. The two share critical perspectives on science and psychology, a concern with prejudice, and have ideas in common about the constructed nature of social categories, such as gender. One difficulty arises from the relativism associated with the post-structural theoretical underpinnings of DP, which can be understood as politically paralyzing. Another problem comes from an endorsement of a conversation analytic mentality, where identity categories such as gender can only be legitimately used in an analysis when participants' orient to their relevance. The high-profile debates and literature in DP shows it has made a notable contribution to social psychology and its influence can also be found in other areas. A particular influence of DP highlighted in the present appraisal is on gender and language research.

  2. Qualitative experiments in psychology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wagoner, Brady

    2015-01-01

    In this article, I explore the meaning of experiments in early twentieth century psychology, focusing on the qualitative experimental methodology of psychologist Frederic BARTLETT. I begin by contextualizing BARTLETT's experiments within the continental research tradition of his time, which...... was in a state of transition from a focus on elements (the concern of psychophysics) to a focus on wholes (the concern of Gestalt psychology). The defining feature of BARTLETT's early experiments is his holistic treatment of human responses, in which the basic unit of analysis is the active person relating...... to some material within the constraints of a social and material context. This manifests itself in a number of methodological principles that contrast with contemporary understandings of experimentation in psychology. The contrast is further explored by reviewing the history of "replications...

  3. Sociogenomic personality psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Brent W; Jackson, Joshua J

    2008-12-01

    In this article, we address a number of issues surrounding biological models of personality traits. Most traditional and many contemporary biological models of personality traits assume that biological systems underlying personality traits are causal and immutable. In contrast, sociogenomic biology, which we introduce to readers in this article, directly contradicts the widely held assumption that something that is biological, heritable, or temperamental, is unchangeable. We provide examples of how seemingly unchanging biological systems, such as DNA, are both dependent on environments for elicitation and can be modified by environmental changes. Finally, we synthesize sociogenomic biology with personality psychology in a model of personality traits that integrates this more modern perspective on biology, physiology, and environment that we term sociogenomic personality psychology. We end the article with a discussion of the future directions of sociogenomic personality psychology.

  4. The trauma film paradigm as an experimental psychopathology model of psychological trauma : intrusive memories and beyond

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    James, Ella L; Lau-Zhu, Alex; Clark, Ian A; Visser, Renée M; Hagenaars, Muriel A; Holmes, Emily A

    2016-01-01

    A better understanding of psychological trauma is fundamental to clinical psychology. Following traumatic event(s), a clinically significant number of people develop symptoms, including those of Acute Stress Disorder and/or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. The trauma film paradigm offers an experimen

  5. Psychological Processing in Chronic Pain: A Neural Systems Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simons, Laura; Elman, Igor; Borsook, David

    2014-01-01

    Our understanding of chronic pain involves complex brain circuits that include sensory, emotional, cognitive and interoceptive processing. The feed-forward interactions between physical (e.g., trauma) and emotional pain and the consequences of altered psychological status on the expression of pain have made the evaluation and treatment of chronic pain a challenge in the clinic. By understanding the neural circuits involved in psychological processes, a mechanistic approach to the implementation of psychology-based treatments may be better understood. In this review we evaluate some of the principle processes that may be altered as a consequence of chronic pain in the context of localized and integrated neural networks. These changes are ongoing, vary in their magnitude, and their hierarchical manifestations, and may be temporally and sequentially altered by treatments, and all contribute to an overall pain phenotype. Furthermore, we link altered psychological processes to specific evidence-based treatments to put forth a model of pain neuroscience psychology. PMID:24374383

  6. Psychological models of suicide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barzilay, Shira; Apter, Alan

    2014-01-01

    Suicidal behavior is highly complex and multifaceted. Consequent to the pioneering work of Durkheim and Freud, theoreticians have attempted to explain the biological, social, and psychological nature of suicide. The present work presents an overview and critical discussion of the most influential theoretical models of the psychological mechanisms underlying the development of suicidal behavior. All have been tested to varying degrees and have important implications for the development of therapeutic and preventive interventions. Broader and more in-depth approaches are still needed to further our understanding of suicidal phenomena.

  7. The psychology of creativity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glaveanu, Vlad Petre

    2014-01-01

    The psychology of creativity is nowadays a thriving field of investigation, but also a discipline in crisis. This is the premise for the critical reading of past and present work within this area proposed here. The presentation follows the typical headings of a research article, beginning...... in order to help us develop a stronger psychology of creativity in the decades to come. In the end, six main points are placed on a hypothetical agenda for future (creative) creativity re-search. In this sense, a critical reading is actually the first step in the process of being constructive and calling...

  8. Psychology of programming

    CERN Document Server

    Hoc, J-M

    1991-01-01

    Psychology provides a backdrop for most of the study of human*b1computer interaction. In this volume the psychological issues that pertain to programming, rather than systems design, are examined in four sections: Theoretical and Methodological Issues; Language Design and Skill Acquisition; Expert Programming; and the Future.****The book was inspired by working groups in France and the United Kingdom but also includes work by major North American figures (such as Curtis and Soloway). It is the first comprehensive work on this topic since the early 1980s.

  9. Neuroeconomics and business psychology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Torben

    2010-01-01

    To determine parameters of the frontal power of executive integration for application in business, this paper reviewed neuroeconomic neuroimaging research and discussion in relation to business psychology. The results are that limbic system (L) is a centre of primary consciousness based on a meso......To determine parameters of the frontal power of executive integration for application in business, this paper reviewed neuroeconomic neuroimaging research and discussion in relation to business psychology. The results are that limbic system (L) is a centre of primary consciousness based...

  10. Correlates of psychological distress, burnout, and resilience among Chinese female nurses

    Science.gov (United States)

    ZOU, Guiyuan; SHEN, Xiuying; TIAN, Xiaohong; LIU, Chunqin; LI, Guopeng; KONG, Linghua; LI, Ping

    2016-01-01

    The present survey investigated the association between resilience, burnout and psychological distress among Chinese female nurses. A total of 366 female nurses were enrolled in our study. A series of self-reported questionnaires that dispose of the following constructs: psychological distress, burnout, and resilience were estimated. The hierarchical linear regression models were used to evaluate the mediating effect of resilience on the relationship between burnout and psychological distress. Results of the survey showed 85.5% nurses experienced psychological distress. Resilience was negatively related to psychological distress and burnout whereas burnout was positively associated with psychological distress. Mediation analysis revealed that resilience could partially mediate the relationship between the dimensions of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and psychological distress. This study highlights the mediator of resilience between burnout and psychological distress of female nurses. As such, interventions that attend to resilience training may be the focus for future clinical and research endeavors. PMID:27021058

  11. The image of psychology programs: the value of the instrumental-symbolic framework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Hoye, Greet; Lievens, Filip; De Soete, Britt; Libbrecht, Nele; Schollaert, Eveline; Baligant, Dimphna

    2014-01-01

    As competition for funding and students intensifies, it becomes increasingly important for psychology programs to have an image that is attractive and makes them stand out from other programs. The current study uses the instrumental-symbolic framework from the marketing domain to determine the image of different master's programs in psychology and examines how these image dimensions relate to student attraction and competitor differentiation. The samples consist of both potential students (N = 114) and current students (N = 68) of three psychology programs at a Belgian university: industrial and organizational psychology, clinical psychology, and experimental psychology. The results demonstrate that both instrumental attributes (e.g., interpersonal activities) and symbolic trait inferences (e.g., sincerity) are key components of the image of psychology programs and predict attractiveness as well as differentiation. In addition, symbolic image dimensions seem more important for current students of psychology programs than for potential students.

  12. The Psychological Burden of Skin Diseases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalgard, Florence J; Gieler, Uwe; Tomas-Aragones, Lucia

    2015-01-01

    The contribution of psychological disorders to the burden of skin disease has been poorly explored, and this is a large-scale study to ascertain the association between depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation with various dermatological diagnoses. This international multicenter observational...... with depression and anxiety was highest for patients with psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, hand eczema, and leg ulcers. These results identify a major additional burden of skin disease and have important clinical implications....

  13. Sport Psychology: An Emerging Domain in the Counseling Psychology Profession?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrie, Trent A.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Surveyed counseling psychologists on their involvement in sport psychology research, training, and practice; their affiliation with sport psychology professional organizations; and their attitudes toward current professional sport psychology issues. Found that counseling psychologists were minimally involved, and had received little formal…

  14. From Aesthetics to Psychology: Notes on Vygotsky's "Psychology of Art."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guimaraes Lima, Marcelo

    1995-01-01

    Discusses Vygotsky's ideas in art psychology on the role of emotion in art, the nature of the aesthetic experience, the semiotic nature of psychological processes, and the foundation of a Marxist psychology and a Marxist aesthetics. Central to all of his ideas was his critique of Russian formalism. (MMU)

  15. Ethnic Minority Psychological Associations: Connections to Counseling Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delgado-Romero, Edward A.; Forrest, Linda; Lau, Michael Y.

    2012-01-01

    This article provides the introduction, background and rationale for the Major Contribution focused on five national ethnic minority psychological associations: the Asian American Psychological Association, The Association of Black Psychologists, the National Latina/o Psychological Association, the Society of Indian Psychologists, and the Society…

  16. Broadening the Boundaries of Psychology through Community Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kagan, Carolyn

    2008-01-01

    This paper argues for community psychology to be included within the discipline boundaries of psychology. In doing this, it will enable psychology to begin to address some of the large scale social issues affecting people's well-being. It will be necessary, however, to incorporate aspects of other disciplines, make explicit the political…

  17. Psychological Empowerment Model in Iranian Pregnant Women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Taghipour

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Women’s empowerment programs during pregnancy focus primarily on increasing women’s health goals and psychological empowerment has been considered important in most issues related to pregnant mothers’ mental health. Using path analysis, this study aims to examine the direct and indirect components of psychological empowerment of pregnant mothers. Methods: This model-testing study was conducted in Gorgan, northwest of Iran during three months in spring of 2015. Through random cluster sampling, a total number of 160 pregnant women were selected from 10 urban medical centers and clinics as primary centers. We used Spritzer’s Psychological empowerment scale. Suitable sampling based on Nunally and Bernstein was followed in the model. The relationships between the dependent variables were then examined by means of path analysis using Amos 18. Results: The psychological empowerment of pregnant mothers (PEPW model is impacted by individual factors, such as marriage age and employment, including some subjectively rated factors such as marital satisfaction and experience of violence. The PEPW model was deemed appropriate as optimum conditions indicators of goodness of fit; low index of χ2/df shows little difference between the conceptual model and observed data, while RMSEA value indicated the goodness of fit. Other indicators such as CMIN=0.957, CMIN/DF=0.957, P-CLOSE=0.418, χ2=0.957 and probability level=0.328 the fact that the model is ideal. The mothers’ employment had the highest coefficient in the PEPW path model .731 (0.443, 0.965 bootstrap confidence intervals by 95%, and with a p-value of less than 0.05. Conclusions: The mothers’ employment is the most important factor in psychological empowerment, but it cannot be addressed quickly. Programming to increase marital satisfaction followed by a decrease in family violence and prevention of early marriage are necessary for promotion of psychological empowerment during

  18. Psychological Empowerment Model in Iranian Pregnant Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taghipour, Ali; Sadat Borghei, Narjes; Latifnejad Roudsari, Robab; Keramat, Afsaneh; Jabbari Nooghabi, Hadi

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Background: Women’s empowerment programs during pregnancy focus primarily on increasing women’s health goals and psychological empowerment has been considered important in most issues related to pregnant mothers’ mental health. Using path analysis, this study aims to examine the direct and indirect components of psychological empowerment of pregnant mothers. Methods: This model-testing study was conducted in Gorgan, northwest of Iran during three months in spring of 2015. Through random cluster sampling, a total number of 160 pregnant women were selected from 10 urban medical centers and clinics as primary centers. We used Spritzer’s Psychological empowerment scale. Suitable sampling based on Nunally and Bernstein was followed in the model. The relationships between the dependent variables were then examined by means of path analysis using Amos 18. Results: The psychological empowerment of pregnant mothers (PEPW) model is impacted by individual factors, such as marriage age and employment, including some subjectively rated factors such as marital satisfaction and experience of violence. The PEPW model was deemed appropriate as optimum conditions indicators of goodness of fit; low index of χ2/df shows little difference between the conceptual model and observed data, while RMSEA value indicated the goodness of fit. Other indicators such as CMIN=0.957, CMIN/DF=0.957, P-CLOSE=0.418, χ2=0.957 and probability level=0.328 the fact that the model is ideal. The mothers’ employment had the highest coefficient in the PEPW path model .731 (0.443, 0.965) bootstrap confidence intervals by 95%, and with a p-value of less than 0.05. Conclusions: The mothers’ employment is the most important factor in psychological empowerment, but it cannot be addressed quickly. Programming to increase marital satisfaction followed by a decrease in family violence and prevention of early marriage are necessary for promotion of psychological empowerment during pregnancy. PMID

  19. Factors Influencing the Spiritual Competency of Predoctoral Psychology Interns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haasz, Christine A.

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the relationship among spiritual competencies, personal spiritual beliefs, and clinical supervision in spirituality with professional psychology predoctoral interns. It was hypothesized personal spiritual beliefs and supervision in spirituality would be predictors of spiritual competencies in clinical practice. Social…

  20. Political Psychology of European Integration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Manners, Ian James

    2014-01-01

    The chapter engages in a survey of what political psychology and European integration have to say to each other in the understanding of the European Union. The chapter draws on five strands of political psychology as part of this engagement – conventional psychology, social psychology, social...... construction, psychoanalysis, and critical political psychology. Within each strand a number of examples of scholarship at the interface of political psychology and European integration are examined. The chapter argues that the study of the EU has much to benefit from political psychology in terms of theories...... and methods of European identity and integration, but it also argues that political psychology can benefit from the insights of European integration by rethinking the processes that drive the marking of inside and outside, interior and exterior, belonging and otherness....

  1. Qualitative methodology in developmental psychology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Demuth, Carolin; Mey, Günter

    2015-01-01

    Qualitative methodology presently is gaining increasing recognition in developmental psychology. Although the founders of developmental psychology to a large extent already used qualitative procedures, the field was long dominated by a (post) positivistic quantitative paradigm. The increasing...

  2. 不同实习模式对急救中心门诊实习护生心理的影响研究%Investigation on the psychological effects of first aid clinic nursing students with different practice modes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛素梅; 平风娟; 董正惠

    2014-01-01

    ,operation training dominated by small stories,simulation first aid operation.Then followed the teachers assigned to the appropriate teachers for clinical practice,with one-to-one teaching for teacher shifts to the department practice,every Monday during the internship process summary,one instruction, training,time in 2-4 hours.Surveys on general information and SCL-90 scale were carried out from de-partment.Results Experimental group and controlled group in the factor points situation in SCL-90, forced symptoms,and interpersonal relationships sensitive,and depression,and anxiety,and hostile,and terrorist,and paranoid,and other,and total,and total equalization,and positive project number analysis statistics indicators have statistics differences (P <0.05).Conclusion New practice model is effective in reducing emergency nursing students in emergency center emergency room practice of psychological reac-tion,conducive to the physical and mental health of nursing students in emergency.

  3. APA Educational Psychology Handbook

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Karen R., Ed.; Graham, Steve, Ed.; Urdan, Tim, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    The "APA Educational Psychology Handbook" reflects the broad nature of the field today, with state-of-the-science reviews of the diverse critical theories driving research and practice; in-depth investigation of the range of individual differences and cultural/contextual factors that affect student achievement, motivation, and beliefs; and close…

  4. A Psychology of Teaching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedrini, D. T.; Pedrini, B. C.

    William James, the turn of the century psychologist, philospher, and educator, was avidly interested in the relationship between psychology and teaching. This paper considers operant conditioning, timing of reinforcers, and programmed instruction--touchstones of B.F. Skinner in the teaching/learning milieu. Of course, materials not just methods…

  5. Rediscovering Differential Psychology?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takooshian, Harold

    2010-01-01

    Comments on the original article, "Many forms of culture," by A. B. Cohen. Cohen offered an eye-opening review of how culture means much more than ethnicity within a nation or differences between nations. After developing a much-expanded definition of culture, he concluded, "I have lamented the fact that psychology has focused on some important…

  6. Advances in Environmental Psychology

    OpenAIRE

    Nasar, Jack L.

    2015-01-01

    When Plenum stopped publishing its edited series—Human Behavior and Environment and Advances in Environment, Behavior and Design—the field of environmental psychology suffered a loss. Scholars could go to one of the edited Plenum books to find state-of-the-art reviews on existing and emerging areas of research. [...

  7. Psychological Adjustment and Homosexuality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonsiorek, John C.

    In this paper, the diverse literature bearing on the topic of homosexuality and psychological adjustment is critically reviewed and synthesized. The first chapter discusses the most crucial methodological issue in this area, the problem of sampling. The kinds of samples used to date are critically examined, and some suggestions for improved…

  8. Paediatric psychological problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pollack, Allan; Harrison, Christopher; Charles, Janice; Britt, Helena

    2014-04-01

    A 2011 BEACH-based study showed that over the past 40 years there has been increasing general practitioner (GP) involvement in the management of paediatric mental health in Australia. There has also been a changing mix of psychological conditions managed, including increased management of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD).

  9. Logotherapy and positive psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar R. Oro

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Psychology omitted to approach, during almost a century, the positive aspects from persons, like creativity, humor, optimism, hope, forgiveness, life meaning, and happiness. These themes are approached by Positive Psychology, with Seligman like the principal exponent. Psychology was dedicated to explore the negative aspects from human beings improving human health. Nevertheless, this pathogenic model could not prevent mental disease. Concepts of Positive Psychology have a solid antecedent in Víktor Frankl ́s studies, which is the Logotherapy founder. This allows incorporating another perspective to approach positive aspects, from a philosophical and anthropological focus. Although the ways adopted by Frank and Seligman are different, both considered main aspects of human existence. Nevertheless, they investigated in different countries (from Europe and EE.UU.; in different circumstances (concentration camps, deaths, tortures; vs. academic context; in different historical periods and different social contexts (a country that lost the war and other that gave freedom to Europeans. In this work is used the concept life sense as the focus in professional formation and psychotherapy approach. 

  10. Confronting Psychology's Power

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Dennis

    2008-01-01

    Isaac Prilleltensky (this issue, pp. 116-136) seeks to make community psychology a more effective force for social justice. His discussion of psychopolitical validity raises a number of questions: How perfect must the theoretical framework be to usefully oppose unjust power? In what way is the notion of "psychopolitical validity" most useful? How…

  11. APA Educational Psychology Handbook

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Karen R., Ed.; Graham, Steve, Ed.; Urdan, Tim, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    The "APA Educational Psychology Handbook" reflects the broad nature of the field today, with state-of-the-science reviews of the diverse critical theories driving research and practice; in-depth investigation of the range of individual differences and cultural/contextual factors that affect student achievement, motivation, and beliefs;…

  12. Psychology departments in medical schools: there's one in Canada, eh?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McIlwraith, Robert D

    2014-12-01

    Comments on the original article by Robiner et al. (see record 2014-07939-001) regarding psychologists in medical schools and academic medical center settings. Robiner et al. reported that their extensive review "revealed no independent departments of psychology in U.S. medical schools." The current authors note north of the border in Canada there is one department of psychology in a medical school. The Department of Clinical Health Psychology has been a department within the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Manitoba since 1995. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved).

  13. PSYCHOLOGY. Estimating the reproducibility of psychological science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-28

    Reproducibility is a defining feature of science, but the extent to which it characterizes current research is unknown. We conducted replications of 100 experimental and correlational studies published in three psychology journals using high-powered designs and original materials when available. Replication effects were half the magnitude of original effects, representing a substantial decline. Ninety-seven percent of original studies had statistically significant results. Thirty-six percent of replications had statistically significant results; 47% of original effect sizes were in the 95% confidence interval of the replication effect size; 39% of effects were subjectively rated to have replicated the original result; and if no bias in original results is assumed, combining original and replication results left 68% with statistically significant effects. Correlational tests suggest that replication success was better predicted by the strength of original evidence than by characteristics of the original and replication teams.

  14. Positive psychology and the training of psychologists: Students’ perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tharina Guse

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: The development of positive psychology interventions have burgeoned internationally and are relevant to the professional training of psychologistsResearch purpose: The aim of this study was to explore the personal and professional impact of including positive psychology in the professional training of clinical and counselling psychologists.Motivation for the study: It is not known how students previously educated in a pathogenic paradigm experience the exposure to positive psychology, and resultant paradigm shift, as part of their professional training.Research design, approach and method: A qualitative research design was implemented. Data consisted of written documents submitted by the participants and was analyzed by means of thematic analysis.Main findings: Integrating positive psychology in the professional training curriculum was valuable and enriching on both a professional and personal level. The participants reported an experience of positive emotions and increased sense of self-understanding and psychological well-being. Professionally they experienced a sense of increased self-efficacy.Practical/managerial implications: Positive psychology should be considered as part of the basic training of psychologists since it may enhance the development of trainee psychologists’ professional self, enhance aspects of psychological well-being as well as prevent stress and burnout.Contribution/value-add: This is the first South African study to explore the impact of including positive psychology principles and interventions in professional training.

  15. PEMPHIGUS AND PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS: A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Bicalho Matias

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Psychological stress has been associated with the course of several autoimmune skin diseases and reported a possible factor in triggering and aggravating for pemphigus in predisposed patients. Aim: The aim of this study is to present an upgrade of the scientific literature on the relation between pemphigus and psychological stress. Methods: To assure a comprehensive investigation, we have performed searches on LILACS, MedLine, PEPSIC, PubMed, SCOPUS and Web of Science databases. The terms used were pemphigus, psychological stress and psychological distress. We have selected works published on journals indexed in different online databases, without distinction as to language and date of the studies. Results and Discussion: Initially, 22 works had fulfilled the selection criteria. After discarding publications which deviated from the subject, 9 works were selected for analysis. Among the selected articles, one was a theoretical review, five case studies, two case-control studies and one documental analysis. Publications discuss the importance of recognizing the influence of exogenous factors, such as psychological stress, on the development and evolution of pemphigus, since the health condition of the patients can be improved through the recognition, validation and treatment of their psychological issues, associating psychological assistance to the immunosuppressive treatment. Conclusion: The report of stressor events by patients at the Dermatology Clinical is frequently observed, however, the relation between psychological stress and the development or aggravation of pemphigus is a recent subject among researchers of the field.

  16. Psychological Assessment of the Patient Undergoing Bariatric Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Snyder, Allison G.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the critical domains assessed during the psychological evaluation of candidates for bariatric surgery. Although no formal standard exists in the literature, there is growing recognition of the important elements to be addressed and the appropriate means for collecting the necessary data to determine psychological readiness for these procedures. Information regarding the components of the clinical interview and the specific measures used...

  17. Discussion Fluoxetine Combined with Psychological Intervention in the Treatment of Cardiovascular Disease with Clinical Effects of Anxiety and Depression%探讨氟西汀联合心理干预治疗心血管疾病伴焦虑抑郁的临床效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙永辉

    2016-01-01

    目的:研究氟西汀联合心理干预治疗心血管疾病伴焦虑抑郁的临床效果。方法取60例急性心肌梗死并伴抑郁患者作为研究对象,分为单纯心理介入的对照组和心理介入联合氟西汀治疗的研究组,评价两组治疗前后焦虑抑郁症改善情况。结果两组治疗后8周HAMD、HAMA评分均较治疗前显著下降(P<0.01),且研究组下降幅度优于对照组(P<0.05)。结论氟西汀联合心理干预能改善心血管病伴焦虑抑郁症状,方案值得肯定。%Objective To study fluoxetine combined with psychological intervention clinical effects of anxiety and depression associated with cardiovascular disease.Methods 60 patients with acute myocardial infarction in patients with depression were selected as research subjects, who were divided into pure psychological intervention control group and psychological intervention plus fluoxetine study group. Anxiety and depression improving situation of two groups were evaluated. Results 8 weeks after treatment, HAMD and HAMD scores were lower than before treatment (P<0.01), and the decline in the study group than the control group (P<0.05).Conclusion Fluoxetine combined with psychological intervention can improve cardiovascular disease with symptoms of anxiety and depression, the program is worthwhile.

  18. Clinical research of psychological intervention nursing care for plastic and cosmetic operation patients during operation period%整形美容患者行围手术期心理干预护理的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艳红; 王丹; 张红

    2012-01-01

    目的:通过对整形美容手术患者围手术期的综合心理干预,探讨整形美容患者的心理健康状况,评估心理干预对整形美容手术的重要作用.方法:对70例整形美容手术患者在围手术期进行心理干预,干预前后采用Zung焦虑自评量表(SAS)与抑郁自评量表(SDS)对患者心理状况进行评定.结果:手术后患者的SAS评分和SDS评分明显低于术前,整形美容的就诊者术后的焦虑与抑郁状况较术前有明显缓解.结论:在整形美容患者的手术治疗中,综合心理干预能够更好的改善患者的心理健康状况,对整形美容患者围手术期实施综合心理干预具有重要意义.%Objective To investigate the mental health of plastic and cosmetic patients, to evaluate the important role of the psychological intervention on plastic and cosmetic operation, through the psychological intervention to plastic and cosmetic patients during the operation period. Methods 70 cases of cosmetic and plastic operation patients accepted psychological intervention during the operation period . Zung Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and self-rating depression scale ( SDS ) were introduced for patients' psychological assessment before and after the intervention . Results The SAS score and SDS score after operation was significantly lower than that before operation, the anxiety and depression of patients postoperative was obviously relieved than before operation. Conclusion In the treatment of patients with plastic and cosmetic operation, comprehensive psychological intervention can improve the mental health status of the patients, it has important significance to implement comprehensive psychological intervention on cosmetic patients during operation period.

  19. Clinical Evaluation of Psychological Suggestion in the Tooth Extraction of College Students%心理暗示干预在大学生人群牙拔除术中的临床评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张军; 张敏; 崔勤

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To investigate application of psychological suggestion in the tooth extraction of collegians. Methods:One hundred and eighteen college students who received tooth extraction from 2008.1 to 2012.12 were randomly divided into two groups, which were psychological suggestion group and control group. Each group has 59 cases. The psychological sugges-tion group were received psychological suggestion treatment before the extraction of teeth, and the controlled group were not giv-en any suggestion. It was conducted according to the statistical data from the three ranks which are cool-headed type, dismay type and mixed type. Results:The rate of cool-headed type in the group of psychological suggestion is obviously higher than that of control group (P0.05) . Conclu-sions:The application of psychological suggestion in the tooth extraction can effectively help collegians relieve stress and fear, avoid unnecessary worries, shorten operative time, put an end to the accident, and to ensure the smoothness of operations.%目的:研究和观察心理暗示干预运用在大学生人群牙拔除术中的价值。方法:将我科2008年5月至2012年12月收治的大学生人群中拔牙患者118例随机分为两组,心理暗示干预组及对照组各59例。心理暗示组在拔牙手术前运用心理暗示干预的方法,对照组未行任何暗示,常规手术操作,按照沉稳型、张乱型及混合型三个等级统计数据,进行对比研究。结果:心理暗示组的沉稳型率显著高于对照组(P0.05)。结论:心理暗示干预运用于大学生人群牙拔除术中,可明显降低学生的紧张心理,畏惧程度,消除不必要的担忧,且缩短手术时间,确保手术的顺利进行,杜绝意外发生,意义深远。

  20. Signature Strengths in Positive Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molony, Terry; Henwood, Maureen

    2010-01-01

    Positive psychology can be thought of as the scientific study of what is "right about people" as opposed to the traditional focus on the healing of psychological pain or trauma. The philosophical roots of positive psychology can be traced back to Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism, Christianity, as well as Islamic and Athenian…

  1. A Positive Psychology That Matters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Shane L.; Magyar-Moe, Jeana L.

    2006-01-01

    The Major Contribution intended to situate positive psychology in counseling psychology's past and future and in the complex world we live and work in today. The four reactions (Frazier, Lee,& Steger; Gerstein; Linley; Mollen, Ethington,& Ridley) provide new insights into how counseling psychology has and will contribute to the study of human…

  2. Positive Psychology and Outdoor Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berman, Dene S.; Davis-Berman, Jennifer

    2005-01-01

    A relatively new movement in psychology, positive psychology, has many implications for the field of outdoor education. Positive psychology has the goal of fostering excellence through the understanding and enhancement of factors that lead to growth. It embraces the view that growth occurs when positive factors are present, as opposed to the…

  3. The Process of Psychological Consultation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nolan, Anna; Moreland, Neil

    2014-01-01

    Consultation is a key means of service delivery in many psychological services. However, the "process" of consultation is little explored in Educational Psychology literature, particularly in the United Kingdom (UK). This paper focuses on a small-scale qualitative research study of psychological consultation provided by educational…

  4. Manitoba's School Psychology, Circa 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallin, Barry; Bednarczyk, George; Hanson, Dawn

    2016-01-01

    While the geographic landscape of Manitoba has changed very little since the last review of school psychology in Manitoba was published 15 years ago, the school psychology landscape here has changed considerably, and we continue to be alive, well, and flourishing. Two previous articles in the "Canadian Journal of School Psychology"…

  5. Indigenisation of Psychology in India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalal, Ajit K.

    2011-01-01

    Academic psychology which made a new beginning in India in the early part of 20th century was modelled on the Western scientific tradition. The teaching of psychology was very much on the British pattern since the colonial rule, whereas the research was mostly an extension of the Western work in India. Psychology went through massive expansion…

  6. Social Justice and School Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nastasi, Bonnie K.

    2008-01-01

    Despite attention in other social sciences and within other areas of psychology, social justice has received minimal attention in school psychology literature. The two studies by Shriberg et al. (2008) and McCabe and Rubinson (2008) represent significant developments in exploring school psychology's commitment to social justice. In this…

  7. Educational Psychology: The Distinctive Contribution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, R. J.

    2006-01-01

    This paper, written in the twenty-first anniversary year of the journal "Educational Psychology in Practice", attempts to uncover those distinctive aspects of the discipline and the practice of applied psychology in general and educational psychology in particular. After considering some of the reasons for attempting this task at this point in…

  8. Predictors of Clinical Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Edward; And Others

    1974-01-01

    In a search for predictors of clinical competence, 50 third-year medical students studying pediatrics were videotaped during their interview and physical examination of outpatients. Consideration should be given to the possible value of psychological tests as predictors of clinical competence. (Author)

  9. [Placebo effect: a contribution of social psychology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balez, R; Leroyer, C; Couturaud, F

    2014-10-01

    This article reviews the psychosocial variables, which are of interest in the relationship between the patient and the physician. According to a classical model of social psychology, such a relationship might contribute to the placebo/nocebo effects. We develop herein various relational and contextual variables, taking into account four dimensions (intra-individual, interpersonal, positional and ideological) and their potential effects on therapeutic responses. This applies both in the setting of daily clinical practice and of clinical trials. The placebo effect offers an opportunity for collaboration and dialogue between social scientists and physicians.

  10. Psychological adj ustment of epistemological guide in rational emotive therapy for clinical intern of undergraduate nursing students%理性情绪疗法中的认识论引导对护理本科生临床见习的心理调节

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋阳; 陈佩仪; 李平东

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To probe into the effect of epistemological guide in rational emotive therapy for clinical practice of undergraduate nursing students,in order to provide the references for clinical intern teaching man-agement of undergraduate nursing students.Methods:A total of 148 undergraduate nursing students who will participate in clinical practice were divided into control group and experimental group.The students in control group received routine intern education,while the students in experimental group received the epistemological guide on the basis of the routine intern education.Then the students'psychological state was evaluated before and after the clinical intern by using symptom check list (SCL 90)and nursing trainee cognitive psychological scales.Results:The students’psychological state in experimental group after the clinical intern had significantly improved in aspects of depression,anxiety,terror,paranoid,psychotic factors and absolute requirements,over-generalization and horrible thing (P<0.05),however that in control group only had significantly improved in aspects of terror and paranoid (P<0.05).There was statistically significant difference in depression,anxiety, terror,paranoid,psychotic factors,absolute requirements,overgeneralization,horrible thing between both groups after the clinical intern (P<0.05).Conclusion:The epistemological guide in rational emotive therapy has posi-tive effect for the psychological adj ustment of undergraduate nursing students in clinical intern,and it can make them get through the clinical intern smoothly and improve the efficiency of clinical intern.%[目的]探讨运用理性情绪疗法(RET)中的认识论引导对护理本科生临床见习的心理调节作用,为护理本科生的临床见习教学管理工作提供参考依据。[方法]将即将进行临床见习的148名护理本科生分为对照组和实验组,对照组采用常规见习教育,实验组在对照组的基础上给予认识论引导

  11. Clinical observation of psychological treatment and diettherapy in treatment of diabetes mellitus%心理治疗加饮食疗法对糖尿病的临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杭华

    2009-01-01

    Objective To investigate the influence of psychological treatment and diet therapy on diabetes mellitus.Methods Sixty-eight cases of diabetes mellitus were randomly divided into two groups.The observation group was treated with psychological treatment and diet therapy. Meanwhile the control group was treated with routine therapy.Results The laboratory findings were compared wthin the two groups(P<0.05).Neurotic and psychological symptoms and general health in observation group were more improved than control group (P<0.05).Conclusion Psychological treatment combined with diet therapy is effective in treatment of diabetes mellitus and it is helpful to extend and improve the lives of patients.%目的 探讨心理治疗和饮食疗法对糖尿病的病情影响.方法 将68例糖尿病患者完全随机分为2组,观察组采用心理治疗加饮食疗法,对照组采用常规治疗,治疗前与治疗后均测定有关生化指标,数据经方差分析和t检验.结果 2组治疗前后各项生化指标比较差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05).观察组神经、精神症状和一般情况优于对照组,P< 0.05.结论 应用心理治疗加饮食疗法可以稳定糖尿病患者的病情,巩固药物治疗的效果,延缓一系列并发症的发生和发展,有利于延长生命,提高生活质量.

  12. Clinical Observation on EEG Biofeedback combined with Psychological Treatment to Child Tic Disorder%生物反馈结合心理治疗儿童抽动障碍疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丹; 刘红英; 郭鑫

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨脑电生物反馈结合心理干预治疗儿童抽动障碍的疗效。方法对2012年1月-2014年8月我院儿童保健康复门诊的39例抽动障碍患儿进行脑电生物反馈和心理干预治疗,并采用耶鲁抽动症整体严重度量表(YGTSS)评分进行疗效评定。结果39例患儿经生物反馈结合心理治疗,显效12例,好转24例,无效3例,有效率达92.3%。结论脑电生物反馈结合心理干预是治疗儿童抽动障碍一种安全有效的治疗方法。%Objective To discuss the curative effect of EEG biofeedback combined with psychological treatment to 39 child tic disorder. Methods EEG biofeedback combined with psychological treatment was applied to children with tic disorder received by Children's health care and rehabilitation departments from Jan 2012 to Aug 2014, and therapeutic evaluation with YGTSS was made before and after the treatments. Result Among 39 children with EEG biofeedback combined with psychological treatment 12 cases were effective, 24 cases got better, 3 cases were of no effects, the total effective ratio was 92.3%.Conclusion EEG biofeedback combined with psychological treatment is a safe and effective method to cure child tic disorder.

  13. Psychology as a Moral Science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brinkmann, Svend

    of morality • Confronts the “naturalistic fallacy” in contemporary psychology. • Explains why moral science need not be separated from social science. • Addresses challenges and critiques to the author’s work from both formalist and relativist theories of morality. With its bold call to reason, Psychology......, Psychology as a Moral Science argues that psychological phenomena are inherently moral, and that psychology, as prescriptive and interventive practice, reflects specific moral principles. The book cites normative moral standards, as far back as Aristotle, that give human thoughts, feelings, and actions...

  14. Psychology, technology, and diabetes management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonder-Frederick, Linda A; Shepard, Jaclyn A; Grabman, Jesse H; Ritterband, Lee M

    2016-10-01

    Use of technology in diabetes management is rapidly advancing and has the potential to help individuals with diabetes achieve optimal glycemic control. Over the past 40 years, several devices have been developed and refined, including the blood glucose meter, insulin pump, and continuous glucose monitor. When used in tandem, the insulin pump and continuous glucose monitor have prompted the Artificial Pancreas initiative, aimed at developing control system for fully automating glucose monitoring and insulin delivery. In addition to devices, modern technology, such as the Internet and mobile phone applications, have been used to promote patient education, support, and intervention to address the behavioral and emotional challenges of diabetes management. These state-of-the-art technologies not only have the potential to improve clinical outcomes, but there are possible psychological benefits, such as improved quality of life, as well. However, practical and psychosocial limitations related to advanced technology exist and, in the context of several technology-related theoretical frameworks, can influence patient adoption and continued use. It is essential for future diabetes technology research to address these barriers given that the clinical benefits appear to largely depend on patient engagement and consistence of technology use. (PsycINFO Database Record

  15. Cultural Psychology and Its Future

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cultural Psychology is a radical new look in psychology that studies how persons and social-cultural worlds mutually constitute one another. With the increase of globalization and multicultural exchanges, cultural psychology becomes the psychological science for the 21st century. Encounters...... Psychology series aims to highlight and develop new ideas that advance our understanding of these issues. This first volume in the series features an address by Prof. Jaan Valsiner, which is followed by ten commentary chapters and his response to them. In his lecture, Valsiner explores what Niels Bohr......’s revolutionary principle of ‘complementarity’ can contribute to the development of a cultural psychology that takes time, semiotics, and human feeling seriously. Commentators further discuss how complementarity can act as an epistemology for psychology; a number of new methodological strategies for incorporating...

  16. Normality in analytical psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myers, Steve

    2013-12-01

    Although C.G. Jung's interest in normality wavered throughout his career, it was one of the areas he identified in later life as worthy of further research. He began his career using a definition of normality which would have been the target of Foucault's criticism, had Foucault chosen to review Jung's work. However, Jung then evolved his thinking to a standpoint that was more aligned to Foucault's own. Thereafter, the post Jungian concept of normality has remained relatively undeveloped by comparison with psychoanalysis and mainstream psychology. Jung's disjecta membra on the subject suggest that, in contemporary analytical psychology, too much focus is placed on the process of individuation to the neglect of applications that consider collective processes. Also, there is potential for useful research and development into the nature of conflict between individuals and societies, and how normal people typically develop in relation to the spectrum between individuation and collectivity.

  17. Loneliness and psychological distress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, J; Cochran, S D

    1991-05-01

    Research on relationships between loneliness and psychological symptoms has generally shown significant positive associations across a wide spectrum of psychopathologies. However, such results may be artificial, to some extent, given the high intercorrelations of typical psychopathology measures. In the current study, we examined associations between psychological symptoms, assessed by the Symptom Check List-90 (SCL-90; Derogatis, Lipman, & Covi, 1973) and loneliness, as measured by the UCLA-R Loneliness Scale (Russell, Peplau, & Cutrona, 1980), in college students. Using partial correlations to control for the confounding influence of generalized distress, relationships between loneliness and individual dimensions of distress were examined. Results indicate a significant association between loneliness and interpersonal sensitivity (low self-esteem) and depression. Other dimensions of distress were not significantly related to loneliness. In addition, no sex differences in patterns of association were observed. Results support the notion that self-blame and self-devaluation are strong correlates of loneliness.

  18. Gestalt psychology in Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verstegen, I

    2000-01-01

    Graz gestalt psychology was introduced into Italy after World War I with Vittorio Benussi's emigration to Padua. His earliest adherent, Cesare Musatti, defended Graz theory, but after Benussi's premature death became an adherent of the Berlin gestalt psychology of Wertheimer-Köhler-Koffka. He trained his two most important students, Fabio Metelli and Gaetano Kanizsa, in orthodox Berlin theory. They established rigid "schools" in Padua and Trieste. The structure of Italian academics allowed for such strict orthodoxy, quite unlike the situation in America, where scientific objectivity mitigated against schools. In the 1960s, some of the students of Metelli and Kanizsa (above all Bozzi) initiated a realist movement-felt in Kanizsa's late work-that was quite independent of that of J. J. Gibson. Finally, more recently, Benussi and Graz theorizing have been embraced again, sentimentally, as a predecedent to Kanizsa-Bozzi.

  19. Environmental psychology matters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gifford, Robert

    2014-01-01

    Environmental psychology examines transactions between individuals and their built and natural environments. This includes investigating behaviors that inhibit or foster sustainable, climate-healthy, and nature-enhancing choices, the antecedents and correlates of those behaviors, and interventions to increase proenvironmental behavior. It also includes transactions in which nature provides restoration or inflicts stress, and transactions that are more mutual, such as the development of place attachment and identity and the impacts on and from important physical settings such as home, workplaces, schools, and public spaces. As people spend more time in virtual environments, online transactions are coming under increasing research attention. Every aspect of human existence occurs in one environment or another, and the transactions with and within them have important consequences both for people and their natural and built worlds. Environmental psychology matters.

  20. Reasoning, logic, and psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stenning, Keith; van Lambalgen, Michiel

    2011-09-01

    We argue that reasoning has been conceptualized so narrowly in what is known as 'psychology of reasoning' that reasoning's relevance to cognitive science has become well-nigh invisible. Reasoning is identified with determining whether a conclusion follows validly from given premises, where 'valid' is taken to mean 'valid according to classical logic'. We show that there are other ways to conceptualize reasoning, more in line with current logical theorizing, which give it a role in psychological processes ranging from (verbal) discourse comprehension to (nonverbal) planning. En route we show that formal logic, at present marginalized in cognitive science, can be an extremely valuable modeling tool. In particular, there are cases in which probabilistic modeling must fail, whereas logical models do well. WIREs Cogni Sci 2011 2 555-567 DOI: 10.1002/wcs.134 For further resources related to this article, please visit the WIREs website.