WorldWideScience

Sample records for climat innovation dans

  1. Temperate climate - Innovative outputs nexus

    OpenAIRE

    Coccia, M.

    2014-01-01

    Technological change is a vital human activity that interacts with geographic factors and environment. The purpose of the study here is to analyse the relationship between geo-climate zones of the globe and technological outputs in order to detect favourable areas that spur higher technological change and, as a consequence, human development. The main finding is that innovative outputs are higher in geographical areas with a temperate climate (latitudes). In fact, warm temperate climates are ...

  2. L'innovation dans les services publics

    OpenAIRE

    Djellal, Faridah; Gallouj, FaÏz

    2012-01-01

    International audience After a long period of disregard and underestimation, the issue of innovation in services is now being taken seriously in economic theory, as well as in public policy. This is not yet the case for innovation in public services. The objective of this paper is to propose a re-interpretation of the literature on innovation in services in the light of public services. Building on the interpretative framework of assimilation, demarcation, inversion and integration perspec...

  3. PENGARUH RELIGIUSITAS DAN ETHICAL CLIMATE TERHADAP ETHICAL BEHAVIOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fauzan Fauzan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengukur pengaruh religiusitas dan ethical climate terhadap ethical behavior. Metode penelitian ini adalah kuantitatif. Populasi penelitian adalah mahasiswa internasional Master dan Ph.D pada Graduate School of Business Othman Yeop Abdullah Universiti Utara Malaysia. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan non-probability sampling dengan teknik pemilihan sampel adalah accidental sampling. Ada 31 responden yang mengisi kuesioner. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan secara sendiri-sendiri (parsial bahwa religiusitas memiliki pengaruh yang positif tidak signifikan terhadap perilaku etis. Ethical climate memiliki pengaruh yang positif dan signifikan terhadap perilaku etis. Sementara secara bersama-sama (simultan religiusitas dan ethical climate memiliki pengaruh yang positif dan signifikan terhadap perilaku etis.

  4. Creative Climate: A Leadership Lever for Innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isaksen, Scott G.; Akkermans, Hans J.

    2011-01-01

    The working atmosphere within an organization has an important influence on its level of innovative productivity. Organizational leaders influence innovative productivity as well as the climate for creativity and innovation. This exploratory study included 140 respondents from 103 different organizations, 31 industries, and 10 countries, all of…

  5. Job Stressors, Organizational Innovation Climate, and Employees' Innovative Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ren, Feifei; Zhang, Jinghuan

    2015-01-01

    This study attempted to examine the influence of job stressors and organizational innovation climate on employees' innovative behavior. Data were obtained from 282 employees in 4 cities of China. Results indicated that the nature of stressors matters in predicting employees' idea generation. Specifically, stressors that employees tend to appraise…

  6. Temperate climate - Innovative outputs nexus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coccia, M.

    2014-01-01

    Technological change is a vital human activity that interacts with geographic factors and environment. The purpose of the study here is to analyse the relationship between geo-climate zones of the globe and technological outputs in order to detect favourable areas that spur higher technological chan

  7. Societal embedding of climate-friendly innovations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This project assesses the possibilities of constructing a market for climate-friendly energy technologies by applying the process of 'societal embedding of innovations'. The term refers to an interactive learning process amongst three groups of key actors: producers, users and societal actors. Their co-operation shapes the innovation to fit the needs of the market and contributes to creation of conditions in which the innovation can be adopted. The project consists of two case studies: (1) Shaping of the ESCO energy service concept in Finnish municipalities and (2) Increasing the use of wood pellets in single-family houses. The case studies have illustrated the possibilities and limitations concerning the application of societal embedding in the energy sector. The project indicates that societal embedding may promote the implementation of climate-friendly energy technologies in at least three ways. Firstly, the process mobilises key actors to cooperation. This generates interactive learning on the problem and its solving. Market construction is forged ahead by mutual adaptation of the innovation and its environment. Secondly, this approach offers a tool to examine the societal quality of the innovation, a question related vitally to climate change. Thirdly, by producing new knowledge of the needs on the market this approach supports the societal actors in choosing different instruments to induce the intended transition to sustainability. (orig.)

  8. L'INNOVATION DANS LES SERVICES : DES MODALITÉS ORIGINALES, QUI PEUVENT ENRICHIR LES CONCEPTIONS INDUSTRIELLES

    OpenAIRE

    Gadrey, Jean; Gallouj, FaÏz; Weinstein, Olivier

    1995-01-01

    International audience Bien qu'ils soient largement majoritaires dans les grands agrégats économiques, les théories économiques de l'innovation tendent à négliger les services ou à considérer que l'innovation y est pour l'essentiel réduite à l'adoption d'innovations produites dans l'industrie. Dans cette contribution, on conteste ces points de vue en examinant les trois questions suivantes -pourquoi l'innovation dans les services est-elle méconnue ou oubliée par ces théories? -quelles sont...

  9. Favoriser l’innovation dans l’élaboration des politiques

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Eva

    2013-01-01

    collaboration dans la promotion de l’innovation, tant dans le secteur public que privé. Cependant, les efforts consentis afin d’augmenter la capacité du secteur public à mettre en oeuvre des projets de collaboration innovante en matière de politiques nécessitent le développement d’un nouveau rôle pour les...... politiciens, comme l’illustrent deux études de cas danois portant sur de tels projets et présentées dans cet article. Public innovation is moving to the top of the research and reform agendas in many Western countries. Innovation is increasingly viewed as an important means to improve the efficiency and...

  10. On the creative climate and innovativeness at the country level

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cene Bavec

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents an explorative study on creative climate and innovativeness at the county level in the EU27. We explored a possibility to extend the Ekvall’s concept of creative climate for innovativeness from the level of individual organization to the national level. The main research goal was to identify fragments of national creative climate and to prove its relation to innovativeness. As the measurement for national innovativeness we took the Summary Innovation Index. The fragments of national creative climate were identified by 25 questions and answers selected from different public opinion polls published in the Eurobarometers. Using hierarchical clustering we clustered all EU member states and compared them with the clusters that identify Innovation Leaders, Innovation Followers, Moderate Innovators, and Catching-up countries. We found membership of both sets of clusters similar, which means that two essentially different sets of variables arriving from two completely different sources led to comparable result. We also identify top ten variables that contributed the most to distingnishing between Creative climate clusters. Finally, we argued that understanding creative or innovative climate in the EU countries is an important national policy-making tool that could complement hard macro-economic indicators that are focused on innovative performance only, and not also on innovative socio-cultural environment. We wished-for a unified approach in the EU to develop an objective measurement for creative climate at country level. We also discussed some research challenges linked to this idea.

  11. Organizational Learning Culture, Transfer Climate and Perceived Innovation in Jordan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bates, Reid; Khasawneh, Samer

    2004-01-01

    This paper examined the relationship between organizational learning culture, learning transfer climate, and organizational innovation. The objective was to test the ability of learning organization culture to account for variance in learning transfer climate and subsequent organizational innovation, and to examine the role of learning transfer…

  12. Understanding public sector innovations: the role of leadership activities for a climate for innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Dorsman, S.J.; Tummers, L.G.; Thaens, M.

    2015-01-01

    Innovations are considered to be crucial for the success of public organizations. However, it is not a foregone conclusion that public organizations are innovative. This study is based on the leadership and innovation literature to consider whether team level leadership activities could be associated to an innovative climate which, consequently, may enhance public organizations’ innovative capacity. More specifically, this study analyses to which extent rule-following and empowering leadershi...

  13. Transformational Leadership and Team Innovation : Integrating Team Climate Principles

    OpenAIRE

    Eisenbeiss, Silke Astrid; Boerner, Sabine; Knippenberg, Daan

    2008-01-01

    Fostering team innovation is increasingly an important leadership function. However, the empirical evidence for the role of transformational leadership in engendering team innovation is scarce and mixed. To address this issue, the authors link transformational leadership theory to principles of M. A. West s (1990) team climate theory and propose an integrated model for the relationship between transformational leadership and team innovation. This model involves support for innovation as a med...

  14. L’innovation de la communication dans le développement durable des ressources humaines

    OpenAIRE

    Jean-Luc PENOT

    2011-01-01

    L’innovation de la communication dans le développement durable des ressources humaines développe une analyse des pratiques de la communication. Partant du constat que nous ne parlons pas forcément de la même chose quand nous parlons de communication il s’agit de présenter les concepts à partir d’un axe central: l’information n’est pas de la communication. Si la communication a un grand rôle dans l’évolution des organisations, elle ne peut pas tout. En rappelant les fondements de la communicat...

  15. Analyser l'innovation dans un Système agroalimentaire localisé : construction interdisciplinaire en Languedoc

    OpenAIRE

    Touzard, Jean-Marc; Chiffoleau, Yuna; Dreyfus, Fabrice

    2008-01-01

    L'article analyse les processus d'innovation dans les coopératives viticoles du Languedoc en associant trois approches de l'innovation croisant économie et sociologie. L'analyse économique et statistique montre la diversité de combinaisons d'innovations élémentaires et leur efficacité lorsqu'elles couvrent différentes étapes de la production. L'analyse longitudinale de systèmes d'action innovants souligne l'importance des connaissances et relations construites dans des processus soumis à de n...

  16. The Relationship between Creative Personality Composition, Innovative Team Climate, and Team Innovativeness: An Input-Process-Output Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathisen, Gro Ellen; Martinsen, Oyvind; Einarsen, Stale

    2008-01-01

    This study investigates the relationship between creative personality composition, innovative team climate, and team innovation based on an input-process-output model. We measured personality with the Creative Person Profile, team climate with the Team Climate Inventory, and team innovation through team-member and supervisor reports of team…

  17. Climate Services - Innovation for Smart Solutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacob, Daniela

    2015-04-01

    Living in a changing climate is becoming an increasing challenge for all kinds of human activities. Mitigation of global warming is of utmost importance to avoid further and stronger changes in our climate. At the same time, adaptation to today's and future changes is needed. To address both, a new field of activity developed within the last couple of years: climate services. They develop and deliver easy understandable and useful information for decision makers in public and private business and society as a whole. The German Climate Service Center 2.0 was one of the first institutions worldwide bridging the gap between scientific climate change knowledge and user needs. Developing prototype products and services, the Climate Service Center 2.0 orients its activities toward consultation of climate change topics and adaptation to climate change impacts. It prepares high quality and state of the art information for decision makers. What have we learned and where are we heading to? What are the roles of partners and networks? And how might a new field of expertise like climate services develop and stimulate the job market? These questions will be discussed and examples will be given.

  18. Towards a sustainable climate for innovation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Inaugural speech at the occasion of the acceptance of the office for 'dynamics and innovation systems' at the Faculty of Geosciences of the Utrecht University in Utrecht, Netherlands, October 21, 2008

  19. Innovativeness In Process Study Relationship Between Organizational Climate & Innovativeness In Process By SEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    fatemeh shakeri

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available In the world of today, most of countries attempt to improve their productivity and economic status by concentrating on innovation. Organizations have considered factors affecting innovation and have achieved enormous competitive advantages. The aim of this research is to investigate the influence of organizational climate in terms of seven dimensions of cohesiveness, autonomy, challenge, resources, openness to innovation, encouragement and supervision on process innovativeness. Data has been collected by random sampling in Khodrocar Lizing company as a subdivision of Iran Khodro Industrial Group. The validity of the conceptual models of each dimension of climate and process innovativeness has been assessed by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA. Results imply the validity of causal relationship between components and the latent variable except for the cohesiveness dimension. Finally, the hypotheses of research have been examined by structural equation modeling (SEM. Findings imply that challenge, resources, openness to innovation, and supervision influence process innovativeness. Supervision has the highest influence and openness to innovation has negative influence on innovativeness, while in prioritizing the factors by the Vikor technique, openness to innovation has the first rank.

  20. Climate for innovation, 12-step orientation, and tobacco cessation treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muilenburg, Jessica L; Laschober, Tanja C; Eby, Lillian T

    2014-04-01

    This study examined the relationship between (1) three indicators of climate for innovation (clinician skills, absence of program obstacles, policy-related incentives) and adoption extensiveness of both behavioral treatments for tobacco cessation (TC) and system-level support for TC in substance use disorder treatment programs, (2) a program's 12-step treatment orientation and adoption extensiveness, and (3) whether 12-step treatment orientation moderates the relationship between climate for innovation and adoption extensiveness. Data were obtained from a random sample of 1006 program administrators. Hierarchical regression results showed that both absence of program obstacles and policy-related incentives are positively related to adoption extensiveness. Twelve-step treatment orientation is neither related to adoption extensiveness nor a moderator of the relationship between climate for innovation and adoption extensiveness. Although the adoption of both behavioral treatments for TC and system-level support for TC is not extensive, we conclude that a 12-step treatment orientation neither hampers nor promotes adoption extensiveness.

  1. Thriving Organizational Sustainability through Innovation: Incivility Climate and Teamwork

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaewan Yang

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The present study examines the association between team incivility climate and team members’ perceived support for innovation. To extend findings on the negative effects of incivility (which are low intensity deviant behaviors, such as rudeness in studies focusing on the individual level, the effects of organizational incivility are examined at the work team level. Drawing on the spiral model of incivility and the literature on teams, this study suggests that team incivility climate has a negative impact on perceived support for innovation through team members’ teamwork behaviors. Using data collected from 411 subordinates on 62 work teams, the hypothesized mediation model is tested. The results show a negative effect of team incivility climate on teamwork and a positive effect of teamwork on perceived support for innovation, supporting the hypothesized negative indirect effect. Research and practical implications for organizational sustainability are discussed.

  2. L’innovation de la communication dans le développement durable des ressources humaines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Luc PENOT

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available L’innovation de la communication dans le développement durable des ressources humaines développe une analyse des pratiques de la communication. Partant du constat que nous ne parlons pas forcément de la même chose quand nous parlons de communication il s’agit de présenter les concepts à partir d’un axe central: l’information n’est pas de la communication. Si la communication a un grand rôle dans l’évolution des organisations, elle ne peut pas tout. En rappelant les fondements de la communication nous montrons ce que peut être l’apport de la communication au développement des ressources humaines dans les organisations. La communication n’est pas un système unique, elle correspond bien à des besoins et à des règles. Elle ne peut s’appliquer d’une manière uniforme à tous les pays, toutes les organisations et toutes les personnes.

  3. Les innovations de produits dans la chimie du végétal comme substituts aux plastiques

    OpenAIRE

    Manon JUBIEN

    2015-01-01

    La chimie du végétal se définit par l'utilisation de ressources renouvelables au lieu des ressources pétrolières. La chimie du végétal présente une dimension environnementale et est porteuse d'innovations dans les différents domaines de l'industrie chimique. Le polyacide lactique est l'innovation de produit la plus mature et la plus répandue sous diverses applications dans la plasturgie. Cependant, la substituabilité des plastiques pétrosourcés usuels par le polyacide lactique doit être évalu...

  4. Climate Masters of Nebraska: An Innovative Action-Based Approach for Climate Change Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pathak, Tapan B.; Bernadt, Tonya; Umphlett, Natalie

    2014-01-01

    Climate Masters of Nebraska is an innovative educational program that strategically trains community volunteers about climate change science and corresponding ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in an interactive and action-based teaching environment. As a result of the program, 91% of participants indicated that they made informed changes in…

  5. Innovative financing in the service of climate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    By 2020, nearly 100 billion dollars a year that developed countries have pledged to finance action against climate change in developing countries (DCs). Given the current economic situation, they will nevertheless find it difficult to collect the money in their budgets: new sources of funding will be needed. If revenue from the auction of emission allowances within the EU will be primarily used for national or European, a party may nevertheless be redirected to developing countries. Impose on international aviation and maritime sectors to pay the price of carbon will take several years but will provide revenue of tens of billions. The tax on financial transactions, including foreign exchange transactions, could generate significant revenue. Beyond these resources, a large part of the solution will come from the complementarity between private and public funds. The Cancun agreement opens a new path by providing that promised 100 billion may come in part from the private sector - yet he will provide the latter with the right incentives. Public funds should promote private investment and seek to find the maximum leverage. Properly used, new sources of funding to the tune of 30 to 40 billion by 2020 would be enough then to keep the promise made at Cancun to developing countries. Contents: - In search of public funding; - Public funds to guide private investment to action against climate change

  6. Linked to innovation : Shaping an innovative climate through network intentionality and educators' social network position

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moolenaar, Nienke M.; Daly, Alan J.; Cornelissen, Frank; Liou, Yi Hwa; Caillier, Stacey; Riordan, Rob; Wilson, Kelly; Cohen, N. Andrew

    2014-01-01

    This study investigates whether educators' cognitive and structural social capital is associated with perceptions of innovative climate in charter schools. We explore a new concept to assess educators' cognitive social capital, namely network intentionality, meaning the extent to which an educator i

  7. Linked to innovation: Shaping an innovative climate through network intentionality and educators’ social network position

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moolenaar, Nienke M.; Daly, Alan J.; Cornelissen, Frank; Liou, Yi-Hwa; Caillier, Stacey; Riordan, Rob; Wilson, Kelly; Cohen, N. Andrew

    2014-01-01

    This study investigates whether educators’ cognitive and structural social capital is associated with perceptions of innovative climate in charter schools. We explore a new concept to assess educators’ cognitive social capital, namely network intentionality, meaning the extent to which an educator i

  8. The Greening of Innovation Systems for Eco-innovation - Towards an Evolutionary Climate Mitigation Policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Maj Munch; Foxon, Timothy J.

    2009-01-01

    -innovation policies in important ways. The paper argues that the evolutionary economic perspective entails a new policy rationale which not only puts more emphasis on greening of markets as a means towards reaching climate goals but also shifts the representation of the economy towards a more dynamic one. The policy...

  9. Climate change and radical energy innovation: the policy issues

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, Keith

    2009-01-15

    How can we sustain global economic performance while reducing and perhaps eliminating climate impacts? This dual objective ultimately requires the innovation of radically new low- or zero-emitting energy technologies. But what is involved in such innovation, and why and how should governments support it? What are the implications for innovation policy makers? The paper discusses the nature of the innovation challenge of climate change, develops a framework for analyzing modes of innovation, applies the framework to energy technologies and analyses policies for energy innovation. The overall argument is that we are 'locked in' to an unsustainable but large-scale hydrocarbon energy system. The innovation problem is to develop alternatives to this system as a whole. Yet despite widespread environmental innovation efforts and incentives, these are not yet addressing the innovation challenge on an adequate scale. The analytical framework sees technologies not as single techniques but as multi-faceted technological 'regimes'. Technological regimes comprise production systems and methods, scientific and engineering knowledge organization, infrastructures, and social patterns of technology use. We live not with individual energy technologies but with a complex hydrocarbon regime. Against this background we can identify three modes of innovation, with very different characteristics. They are; Incremental innovations - upgrades to existing technologies, producing innovation within existing technological regimes, such as increases in the capabilities and speeds of microprocessors; Disruptive innovations - new methods of performing existing technical functions, changing how things are done, but not changing the overall regime, such as the shift from film to digital imaging; Radical innovations - technological regime shifts, involving wholly new technical functions, new knowledge bases, and new organizational forms, such as the transition from steam power

  10. The VIADUC project: innovation in climate adaptation through service design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corre, L.; Dandin, P.; L'Hôte, D.; Besson, F.

    2015-07-01

    From the French National Adaptation to Climate Change Plan, the "Drias, les futurs du climat" service has been developed to provide easy access to French regional climate projections. This is a major step for the implementation of French Climate Services. The usefulness of this service for the end-users and decision makers involved with adaptation planning at a local scale is investigated. As such, the VIADUC project is: to evaluate and enhance Drias, as well as to imagine future development in support of adaptation. Climate scientists work together with end-users and a service designer. The designer's role is to propose an innovative approach based on the interaction between scientists and citizens. The chosen end-users are three Natural Regional Parks located in the South West of France. The latter parks are administrative entities which gather municipalities having a common natural and cultural heritage. They are also rural areas in which specific economic activities take place, and therefore are concerned and involved in both protecting their environment and setting-up sustainable economic development. The first year of the project has been dedicated to investigation including the questioning of relevant representatives. Three key local economic sectors have been selected: i.e. forestry, pastoral farming and building activities. Working groups were composed of technicians, administrative and maintenance staff, policy makers and climate researchers. The sectors' needs for climate information have been assessed. The lessons learned led to actions which are presented hereinafter.

  11. Le rôle des institutions dans le processus de l’innovation ; l’apport de Thorstein Veblen

    OpenAIRE

    Diane-Gabrielle Tremblay

    2007-01-01

    Nous nous intéressons ici au rôle des institutions dans le processus de l’innovation, puisque Veblen le met en valeur. Cet apport de Veblen nous paraît déterminant pour mieux comprendre l’innovation, surtout que l’on parle de plus en plus d’une diversité de formes d’innovation (technologique, mais aussi organisationnelle, sociale et de produit), et que celles-ci sont mieux comprises lorsque l’on tient compte du rôle des institutions dans la diffusion ou le blocage de l’innovation. Veblen met ...

  12. The principal connection: Trust and innovative climate in a network of reform

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Daly, Alan J.; Liou, Yi-Hwa; Moolenaar, Nienke

    2014-01-01

    Better understanding reform and the application of innovative practice has the potential to improve educational outcomes. Principals, in particular, have been increasingly tasked and held responsible for implementing reform efforts as well as fostering climates that support innovative practices. How

  13. Innovating science teaching by participatory action research - reflections from an interdisciplinary project of curriculum innovation on teaching about climate change

    OpenAIRE

    Timo Feierabend; Ingo Eilks

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes a three-year curriculum innovation project on teaching about climate change. The innovation for this study focused on a socio-critical approach towards teaching climate change in four different teaching domains (biology, chemistry, physics and politics). The teaching itself explicitly aimed at general educational objectives, i.e., fostering students’ communication and evaluation abilities as essential components for preparing young people for active participation in socie...

  14. L'introduction de la dimension interculturelle dans les nouveaux curricula : l'enseignant grec face à l'innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Charitonidou, Androniki

    2012-01-01

    L'introduction de la dimension interculturelle dans les nouveaux curricula et les manuels didactiques de l'enseignement obligatoire constitue une innovation éducative dans le système éducatif grec, mise en vigueur dès la rentrée 2005 afin de répondre aux nouveaux besoins sociaux créés par les mutations sociopolitiques et économiques qui ont transformé, en deux décennies, la société grecque en société multiculturelle. L'objectif de notre recherche est de repérer, d'une part, la dimension inter...

  15. Organizational Learning Culture, Learning Transfer Climate and Perceived Innovation in Jordanian Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bates, Reid; Khasawneh, Samer

    2005-01-01

    This paper examines the relationship between organizational learning culture, learning transfer climate, and organizational innovation. The objective was to test the ability of learning organization culture to account for variance in learning transfer climate and subsequent organizational innovation, and to examine the role of learning transfer…

  16. Innovative Interactive Visitor Experiences Focused on Climate Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lettvin, E. E.

    2011-12-01

    the regional climate research community are showcased during regularly scheduled 'scientist spotlights' and 'research weekends'. Additional climate programs were developed targeting high school students. During the summer of 2010, 10 participants in a teen development program had summer internships with climate researchers working in horticulture, policy, arctic science and geology. The following fall, the teens hosted 4 'Family Climate Workshops' at community centers around Seattle. For these events, the teens developed hands-on activities and posters showcasing the climate research focus of their internships. These events were held in collaboration with the 'Cool School Challenge', a program that teaches how to conduct a greenhouse gas inventory and develop a corresponding action plan. The program culminated in the convening of the first 'High School Climate Change Symposium', held at Pacific Science Center. Nearly 200 teens attended on-site, and hundreds more live-streamed the event. The Symposium consisted of two panels: one focused on the scientific underpinnings of climate change and one focused on policies and implications. This innovative program provided a rare opportunity for teens to directly ask experts questions about climate change and its implications.

  17. Success and failure of grassroots innovations for addressing climate change: the case of the Transition Movement

    OpenAIRE

    Feola, Giuseppe; Nunes, Richard

    2014-01-01

    Grassroots innovations emerge as networks generating innovative solutions for climate change adaptation and mitigation. However, it is unclear if grassroots innovations can be successful in responding to climate change. Little evidence exists on replication, international comparisons are rare, and research tends to overlook discontinued responses in favour of successful ones. We take the Transition Movement as a case study of a rapidly spreading transnational grassroots network, a...

  18. Challenges and trade-offs in corporate innovation for climate change

    OpenAIRE

    Pinkse, J.; Kolk, A.

    2010-01-01

    The international debate on addressing global climate change increasingly points to the role that companies can play by using their innovative capacity. However, up till now companies have been rather cautious in taking decisive steps in facilitating an innovation-based transition towards a low-carbon economy. This paper conceptually explores some key challenges related to innovating for climate change, in the broader context of technological change, complementary capability development and s...

  19. Development of Middle Stone Age innovation linked to rapid climate change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziegler, Martin; Simon, Margit H; Hall, Ian R; Barker, Stephen; Stringer, Chris; Zahn, Rainer

    2013-01-01

    The development of modernity in early human populations has been linked to pulsed phases of technological and behavioural innovation within the Middle Stone Age of South Africa. However, the trigger for these intermittent pulses of technological innovation is an enigma. Here we show that, contrary to some previous studies, the occurrence of innovation was tightly linked to abrupt climate change. Major innovational pulses occurred at times when South African climate changed rapidly towards more humid conditions, while northern sub-Saharan Africa experienced widespread droughts, as the Northern Hemisphere entered phases of extreme cooling. These millennial-scale teleconnections resulted from the bipolar seesaw behaviour of the Atlantic Ocean related to changes in the ocean circulation. These conditions led to humid pulses in South Africa and potentially to the creation of favourable environmental conditions. This strongly implies that innovational pulses of early modern human behaviour were climatically influenced and linked to the adoption of refugia.

  20. Communication, social capital and workplace health management as determinants of the innovative climate in German banks

    OpenAIRE

    Köhler, Thorsten; Janßen, Christian; Plath, Sven-Christoph; Reese, Jens; Lay, Jann; Steinhausen, Simone; Gloede, Tristan; Kowalski, Christoph; Schulz-Nieswandt, Frank; Pfaff, Holger

    2010-01-01

    Objective The present study aims to measure the determinants of the innovative climate in German banks with a focus on workplace health management (WHM). Methods We analyze the determinants of innovative climate with multiple regressions using a dataset based on standardized telephone interviews conducted with health promotion experts from 198 randomly selected German banks. Results The regression analysis provided a good explanation of the variance in the dependent variable (R² = 55%). Commu...

  1. TIC, innovation et effets perçus dans les entreprises luxembourgeoises.

    OpenAIRE

    Ben aoun, Leila; Dubrocard, Anne

    2010-01-01

    This study has two main contributions summarized as follows: 1. Impact of ICT on the capacities of innovation: The most intensive firms in ICT are also those that tend more frequently to innovate and to combine several innovations types - i.e. they are also “intensive innovator”. However, this assertion must be moderate when the type of combination of innovation is taken into account and either only the number. 2. Innovation impact on firms’ performance: In first seen, effects of the innovati...

  2. Linked to Innovation: Shaping an Innovative Climate through Network Intentionality and Educators' Social Network Position

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moolenaar, Nienke M.; Daly, Alan J.; Cornelissen, Frank; Liou, Yi-Hwa; Caillier, Stacey; Riordan, Rob; Wilson, Kelly; Cohen, N. Andrew

    2014-01-01

    This study investigates whether educators' cognitive and structural social capital is associated with perceptions of innovative climate in charter schools. We explore a new concept to assess educators' cognitive social capital, namely network intentionality, meaning the extent to which an educator is intentional in connecting and…

  3. Challenges and trade-offs in corporate innovation for climate change

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Pinkse; A. Kolk

    2010-01-01

    The international debate on addressing global climate change increasingly points to the role that companies can play by using their innovative capacity. However, up till now companies have been rather cautious in taking decisive steps in facilitating an innovation-based transition towards a low-carb

  4. Rôle des clients dans la conception d'innovation radicale : le cas du logiciel

    OpenAIRE

    Scheid, Francois

    2009-01-01

    Modularity of software architecture influences the software design process, and favours innovation design by users. Furthermore, software radical innovations are generally designed by small companies, focused on their own technology. Those innovative software must generally be combined to build a solution that can be sold to customers. The literature on modularity (Baldwin & Clark, 2000) only deals with a process that leads to the emergence of a modular dominant design through product archite...

  5. Le processus de production de l'innovation dans les service de conseil

    OpenAIRE

    Faïz Gallouj

    1995-01-01

    Cet article propose tout d'abord une typologie de l'innovation spécifique aux services de conseil aux entreprises. Cette typologie ne se limite pas aux aspects technologiques de l'innovation et elle contourne la difficulté de la distinction traditionnelle entre innovation de produit et de process. Il examine ensuite les processus séquentiels de production de chacun des types repérés. Ces processus sont confrontés aux modèles linéaires traditionnels d'innovation et aux nouveaux modèles d'inter...

  6. Understanding public sector innovations: the role of leadership activities for a climate for innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dorsman, S.J.; Tummers, L.G.; Thaens, M.

    2015-01-01

    Innovations are considered to be crucial for the success of public organizations. However, it is not a foregone conclusion that public organizations are innovative. This study is based on the leadership and innovation literature to consider whether team level leadership activities could be associate

  7. Le rôle des institutions dans le processus de l’innovation ; l’apport de Thorstein Veblen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diane-Gabrielle Tremblay

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Nous nous intéressons ici au rôle des institutions dans le processus de l’innovation, puisque Veblen le met en valeur. Cet apport de Veblen nous paraît déterminant pour mieux comprendre l’innovation, surtout que l’on parle de plus en plus d’une diversité de formes d’innovation (technologique, mais aussi organisationnelle, sociale et de produit, et que celles-ci sont mieux comprises lorsque l’on tient compte du rôle des institutions dans la diffusion ou le blocage de l’innovation. Veblen met aussi en évidence le caractère parfois retardataire des institutions, ainsi que la réciprocité des effets entre technologie et institutions, autant d’éléments fort pertinents pour l’analyse, encore aujourd’hui.This paper addresses the role of institutions in the process of innovation, since Veblen highlights this role. This contribution of Veblen appears determinant to better understand the process of innovation, especially in a context where we are more and more interested in various forms of innovation (technological, but also organisational, social and product innovations; these various forms of innovation are better understood and analysed when the role of institutions in their diffusion or lack of diffusion is taken into account. Veblen also highlights the fact that institutions sometimes block or slow down the process of diffusion of innovations, as well as the reciprocity of effects between technology and institutions, contributions which are all the more important for the analysis of innovation today.

  8. Les raisonnements à l'oeuvre dans la conception de business models innovants

    OpenAIRE

    Haggege, Meyer

    2013-01-01

    The company of the future will not have the same characteristics as today! Among the many levers of change, the business model is a recent concept familiar to practitioners and academics. They have a strong interest for it. The business model is a mental framework that describes how the business works, specifically how the company created and capture value (Teece, 2010). Technological innovation is also a lever that sometimes requires business model innovation (Chesbrough 2002). When technolo...

  9. A Research on the Relationship Between Staff Cognitive Style and Innovative Behavior——Mediating Effect of Staff Psychological Innovative Climate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LUO Jin-lian; WANG Ya-bin; ZHONG Jing

    2010-01-01

    In the dynamic environment, staff has become the basic working unit when the organizations en-gaged in innovative activities, and the major influencing factors on innovation behavior of organization members have become a hot spot. However, there is still lack of empirical study support in the cur-rent researches of synthesis influence of staff cognitive style and staff psychological innovative climate on staff innovative behavior.

  10. Marginalization of end-use technologies in energy innovation for climate protection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Charlie; Grubler, Arnulf; Gallagher, Kelly S.; Nemet, Gregory F.

    2012-11-01

    Mitigating climate change requires directed innovation efforts to develop and deploy energy technologies. Innovation activities are directed towards the outcome of climate protection by public institutions, policies and resources that in turn shape market behaviour. We analyse diverse indicators of activity throughout the innovation system to assess these efforts. We find efficient end-use technologies contribute large potential emission reductions and provide higher social returns on investment than energy-supply technologies. Yet public institutions, policies and financial resources pervasively privilege energy-supply technologies. Directed innovation efforts are strikingly misaligned with the needs of an emissions-constrained world. Significantly greater effort is needed to develop the full potential of efficient end-use technologies.

  11. Effects of team task structure on team climate for innovation and team outcomes

    OpenAIRE

    Antoni, Conny Herbert

    2005-01-01

    In this cross-sectional study we analyzed, whether team climate for innovation mediates the relationship between team task structure and innovative behavior, job satisfaction, affective organizational commitment, and work stress. 310 employees in 20 work teams of an automotive company participated in this study. 10 teams had been changed from a restrictive to a more self-regulating team model by providing task variety, autonomy, team-specific goals, and feedback in order to increase team effe...

  12. A Research on the Relationshi ps among Perceived Organizational Climate, Individual Creativity and Organizational Innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gönül Kaya Özbağ

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this study is to determine the influence of perceived organizational climate dimensions (organizational encouragement, supervisory support, peer support, autonomy, communication, participation flexibility on individual creativity and organizational innovation which is a key driver for competitive advantage. The study is empirically based on the primary data collected from 86 medium and large sized organizations that areregistered to Kocaeli Chamber of Industry. Data obtained from questionnaires will be analyzed through the SPSS statistical packet program and PLS-Graph. The results indicate that perceived organizational climate is positively related to individual creativity and organizational innovation.

  13. Technology innovation efforts in the mining oligopoly; Efforts d'innovations technologiques dans l'oligopole minier

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poudou, J.Ch.

    2002-06-01

    In non-renewable resources economy, the analysis of innovation focusses mainly on the tactical and strategical relevance of the use of a substitution technology (backstop). However, in the world petroleum industry the technological evolution of the production system explains the evolution of the offer forces: some technologies allow to reduce the extraction costs, while some others allow to valorize the hardly accessible resources (accessibility technologies). This paper makes a micro-economical analysis of the R and D characteristics in the oligopolistic framework of the non-renewable resources market. In the first part, an analysis of the mining oligopoly with perfectly defined property rights is made. In the second part a useful version of the results of the cost reducing R and D analysis is given and crossed with the first analysis by analysing the continuous cost reducing R and D inside a range of mining oligopolies. In the last section, the same analysis is reproduced but for a continuous R and D of accessibility technologies. (J.S.)

  14. The issue: Innovation, information technology and climate change

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-01-06

    This position paper by the Information Technology Association of Canada (ITAC) outlines the information technology community's position vis-a-vis the Federal Government's 'Climate Change Plan for Canada'. In general, the ITAC is in favour of the Government's plan, however, it asserts that the Plan falls short by not acknowledging the significant contributions that present and emerging information and communications technologies can make to the achievements of Canadian climate change goals. In this regard the paper draws attention to, and explains the significance of the actual and potential contributions made to climate change efforts by teleconferencing, video-conferencing, telecommuting, electronic commerce, and smart buildings technologies. 4 refs.

  15. Energy security and climate change: How oil endowment influences alternative vehicle innovation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fast growing global energy needs raise concerns on energy supply security and climate change. Although policies addressing the two issues sometimes benefit one at the expense of the other, technology innovation, especially in alternative energy, provides a win–win solution to tackle both issues. This paper examines the effect of oil endowment on the patterns of technology innovation in the transportation sector, attempting to identify drivers of technology innovation in alternative energy. The analysis employs panel data constructed from patent data on five different types of automobile-related technologies from 1990 to 2002: oil extraction, petroleum refining, fuel cells, electric and hybrid vehicles (EHV) and vehicle energy efficiency. I find that countries with larger oil endowments perform less innovation on refining and alternative technologies. Conversely, higher gasoline prices positively impact the patent counts of alternative technologies and energy efficiency technology. The findings highlight the challenges and importance of policy designs in international climate change agreements. - Highlights: • I examine the effect of oil endowment on technology innovation in the transportation sector. • An empirical model was developed for a cross-country analysis of oil endowments. • A country's oil endowment is a negative driver of alternative technologies. • Energy price is a positive driver of alternative technologies and energy efficiency technology. • Implications for domestic and international climate policy are discussed

  16. Innovation in a warming world. Research tackling Europe's grand challenge of climate change

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Usanov, A.; Gehem, M.

    2012-01-01

    Climate change is arguably the largest environmental challenge facing humankind. Though the impact will be gradual and difficult to predict, we slowly start to understand how this process will affect our planet. The study "Innovation in a Warming World" spells out these effects, specifically for Eur

  17. Location-level links between diversity and innovative climate depend on national power distance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Vegt, Gerben S.; Van de Vliert, Evert; Huang, X

    2005-01-01

    In this study, we examined the relationship between the demographic diversity and innovative climates of 248 organizational locations of a multinational company in 24 countries. Supporting a status characteristics perspective, multilevel analyses revealed that diversity in the more task-oriented dem

  18. Creating a Climate for Innovation in Education: Reframing Structure, Culture, and Leadership Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong-Kam, JoAnn C. W. N.

    2012-01-01

    The focus of this study was on creating a climate for innovation in schools to lead to improvements in student achievement. Bolman and Deal's (2008) four frame model of organizational thinking was used as a framework for the study. The study examined the influence of leadership practices, structure, and school culture in the context of a K-12…

  19. Les innovations financières s’inscrivent-elles dans un processus schumpeterien de destruction créatrice ? Do financial innovations fit into the scheme of the Schumpeterian creative destruction process?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faruk Ülgen

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Le présent article pose la question de savoir si les innovations financières peuvent être pensées dans le cadre du processus de destruction créatrice. Dans cet objectif, la dynamique schumpeterienne de l’économie capitaliste est interprétée en termes d’une économie monétaire dans laquelle les innovations bancaires et financières affectent structurellement les activités entrepreneuriales et jouent un rôle crucial sur la stabilité macroéconomique. À l’opposé des effets, souvent jugés positifs, des innovations des entrepreneurs schumpeteriens sur la croissance, les marchés financiers libéralisés génèrent des déséquilibres cumulés à travers le développement d’une financiarisation spéculative qui peut être étudiée en termes de la deuxième vague des cycles schumpeteriens. Le processus de destruction créatrice des innovations peut se transformer en une création destructrice. Par conséquent, la redéfinition des mécanismes de régulation dans une optique minskienne s’avère nécessaire pour faire face aux déséquilibres macroéconomiques.This paper asks the question to know if financial innovations can be thought within the framework of a creative destruction process. In this aim, the Schumpeterian dynamics of the capitalist economy is studied in terms of a monetary economy where banking and financial innovations affect structurally entrepreneurs’ activities and play a crucial role on the macroeconomic stability. Contrary to the effects, usually assumed to be positive, of innovations of the Schumpeterian entrepreneurs on the growth, liberalized financial markets generate accumulated imbalances through the development of a speculative financialization which can be studied in terms of the second wave of Schumpeterian business cycles. The process of creative destruction of innovations may turn to be a destructive creation. Then, redefining of regulatory mechanisms in a Minskian perspective seems to be

  20. Global assessment of technological innovation for climate change adaptation and mitigation in developing world.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adenle, Ademola A; Azadi, Hossein; Arbiol, Joseph

    2015-09-15

    Concerns about mitigating and adapting to climate change resulted in renewing the incentive for agricultural research investments and developing further innovation priorities around the world particularly in developing countries. In the near future, development of new agricultural measures and proper diffusion of technologies will greatly influence the ability of farmers in adaptation and mitigation to climate change. Using bibliometric approaches through output of academic journal publications and patent-based data, we assess the impact of research and development (R&D) for new and existing technologies within the context of climate change mitigation and adaptation. We show that many developing countries invest limited resources for R&D in relevant technologies that have great potential for mitigation and adaption in agricultural production. We also discuss constraints including weak infrastructure, limited research capacity, lack of credit facilities and technology transfer that may hinder the application of innovation in tackling the challenges of climate change. A range of policy measures is also suggested to overcome identified constraints and to ensure that potentials of innovation for climate change mitigation and adaptation are realized.

  1. Combating Climate Change through Eco-innovation - Towards the Green Innovation System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Maj Munch

    2009-01-01

    This book presents more than 20 innovative policies that, instead of framing mitigation as a burden, are conducive to the shift to a low-emission world-system that is sustainable in all its pillars (environment, society, economy), both in developed and in developing countries....

  2. Creative Climate: A Diagnosis for Innovating in Educational and Bussines Organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mari Lucía Figueiredo Crespo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research was to identify the variables which influence the creative climate and the innovation in private and public organizations, considering in this category schools and companies. The sample was composed by 80 subjects, (47 males and 33 females 40 from school organizations (private and public and 40 from business organizations (private and public located in São Paulo state. The instrument used was the “Creative Climate Questionnaire” ( Ekvall, 1986 with 50 questions in liket scale. The Analysis of Variance was used in order to investigate the following variables: Challenge and Motivation, Debates, Conflicts, Time for Ideas, Playfulness/Humor, Freedom, Idea Support, Liveliness/Dynamism, Risk-taking, Trust/Openness. The results indicated that private educational organizations have more features leading to innovation and to a creative climate than business organizations. 

  3. An innovative approach to undergraduate climate change education: Sustainability in the workplace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Z. P.

    2009-04-01

    Climate change and climate science are a core component of environment-related degree programmes, but there are many programmes, for example business studies, that have clear linkages to climate change and sustainability issues which often have no or limited coverage of the subject. Although an in-depth coverage of climate science is not directly applicable to all programmes of study, the subject of climate change is of great relevance to all of society. Graduates from the higher education system are often viewed as society's ‘future leaders', hence it can be argued that it is important that all graduates are conversant in the issues of climate change and strategies for moving towards a sustainable future. Rather than an in depth understanding of climate science it may be more important that a wider range of students are educated in strategies for positive action. One aspect of climate change education that may be missing, including in programmes where climate change is a core topic, is practical strategies, skills and knowledge for reducing our impact on the climate system. This presentation outlines an innovative approach to undergraduate climate change education which focuses on the strategies for moving towards sustainability, but which is supported by climate science understanding taught within this context. Students gain knowledge and understanding of the motivations and strategies for businesses to improve their environmental performance, and develop skills in identifying areas of environmental improvement and recommending actions for change. These skills will allow students to drive positive change in their future careers. Such courses are relevant to students of all disciplines and can give the opportunity to students for whom climate change education is not a core part of their programme, to gain greater understanding of the issues and an awareness of practical changes that can be made at all levels to move towards a more sustainable society.

  4. Favoriser l'innovation radicale dans une entreprise multidivisionnelle : Extension du modèle ambidextre à partir de l'analyse d'un cas

    OpenAIRE

    Ben Mahmoud-Jouini, Sihem; Charue-Duboc, Florence; Fourcade, François

    2007-01-01

    (VF)Le modèle d’organisation ambidextre constitue l’une des réponses avancées par la littérature pour développer des innovations radicales dans les grandes entreprises. Il met en avant la coexistence d’unités dédiées à l’exploitation et d’autres à l’exploration et au développement de ces innovations. L’articulation de ces unités, à la fois séparées et intégrées, a été peu étudiée. Sur la base d’une étude longitudinale d’une nouvelle unité organisationnelle créée pour favoriser l’innovation da...

  5. Espace d'innovation dans la biologie et recomposition d'espaces productifs. Analyse des processus institutionnels et politiques en œuvre

    OpenAIRE

    Anne Branciard

    1999-01-01

    L'objet de cette recherche a été d'étudier les processus politiques et institutionnels de construction des sciences et des techniques en biologie moléculaire et en génétique, et de leur inscription, dans le contexte sociétal français des années 1980'-90', dans des espaces productifs qui sont articulés à ces domaines par l'innovation, via les biotechnologies. Les modalités, et les conséquences sur l'espace industriel (groupes industriels, PMI et start ups) et l'espace professionnel académique ...

  6. Designing an Africa-EU research and innovation collaboration platform on climate change

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tostensen, Arne; Monteverde Haakonsen, Jan; Hughes, Mike;

    and ongoing successful research and innovation initiatives. Diverse actors from all over the world—from corporations to governments and citizens—are increasingly recognising the urgent need to address climate change in their respective spheres of influence. This report is intended to contribute to making...... and climate variability scenarios requires globally coordinated actions for both technical and policy interventions to achieve greater resilience. Successful implementation of these actions requires a comprehensive scientific knowledge base delivered by extensive global collaboration, taking into account past...

  7. Leader-member exchange (LMX) and innovation climate: the role of LMX differentiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tordera, Núria; González-Romá, Vicente

    2013-01-01

    Leader-member Exchange (LMX) theory has been shown to be one of the most compelling theories for understanding the effects of leadership on organizational behavior. This theory proposes that leaders establish differentiated relationships with each of their subordinates according to the exchanges produced between them. Recently, the concept of LMX differentiation has been introduced into the theory to extend research from the dyadic to the group level. The present paper uses a longitudinal design to analyze the moderator role of LMX differentiation in the relationship between mean LMX and innovation climate in a sample of 24 healthcare teams. The results showed no direct effects of mean LMX on changes in innovation climate over time. However, they provide support for the moderator effect of LMX differentiation in this relationship, as it was stronger when LMX differentiation was low than when it was high. PMID:24230946

  8. Communicating climate change – Learning from business: challenging values, changing economic thinking, innovating the low carbon economy

    OpenAIRE

    Katharina Kaesehage; Michael Leyshon; Chris Caseldine

    2014-01-01

    The risks and opportunities presented by climate change for Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs) have been largely overlooked by previous research. The subsequent lack of knowledge in this field makes it difficult for SMEs to engage with climate change in a meaningful, profitable, and sustainable way. Further, current research cannot explain why SMEs rarely engage with climate change. We examine critically 30 SMEs, which engage with climate change knowledges and 5 Innovation-Support-Orga...

  9. Espace d'innovation dans la biologie et recomposition d'espaces productifs. Analyse des processus institutionnels et politiques en œuvre : Rapport pour le Programme CNRS “ Enjeux économiques de l'innovation "

    OpenAIRE

    Branciard, Anne

    1999-01-01

    L'objet de cette recherche a été d'étudier les processus politiques et institutionnels de construction des sciences et des techniques en biologie moléculaire et en génétique, et de leur inscription, dans le contexte sociétal français des années 1980'-90', dans des espaces productifs qui sont articulés à ces domaines par l'innovation, via les biotechnologies. Les modalités, et les conséquences sur l'espace industriel (groupes industriels, PMI et start ups) et l'espace professionnel académique ...

  10. The Role of the Servant Leadership on the Relation between Ethical Climate Perception and Innovative Work

    OpenAIRE

    Mustafa Kemal Topcu; Ali Gursoy; Poyraz Gurson

    2015-01-01

    Globalization and changes in technology forced enterprises to adopt contemporary management approaches in order to gain a sustainable competitive edge. To this end, human resources gained a great interest as a managerial tool to sustain that advantage. While managers are expected to display appropriate leadership style and to create a suitable climate, employees are anticipated to display adaptive performance and innovative work behaviors. This study, therefore, aims at investigating the rela...

  11. Technology-Driven and Innovative Training for Sustainable Agriculture in The Face of Climate Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wishart, D. N.

    2015-12-01

    Innovative training in 'Sustainable Agriculture' for an increasingly STEM-dependent agricultural sector will require a combination of approaches and technologies for global agricultural production to increase while offsetting climate change. Climate change impacts the water resources of nations as normal global weather patterns are altered during El Nino events. Agricultural curricula must incorporate awareness of 'climate change' in order to find novel ways to (1) assure global food security; (2) improve soil productivity and conservation; (3) improve crop yields and irrigation; (4) inexpensively develop site specific principles of crop management based on variable soil and associated hydrological properties; and (5) improve precision farming. In February 2015, Central State University (CSU), Ohio became an 1890 Land-Grant institution vital to the sustainability of Ohio's agricultural sector. Besides agricultural extension, the agriculture curriculum at CSU integrates multidisciplinary courses in science, technology engineering, agriculture, and mathematics (STEAM). The agriculture program could benefit from a technology-driven, interdisciplinary soil science course that promotes climate change education and climate literacy while being offered in both a blended and collaborative learning environment. The course will focus on the dynamics of microscale to mesoscale processes occurring in farming systems, those of which impact climate change or could be impacted by climate change. Elements of this course will include: climate change webinars; soil-climate interactions; carbon cycling; the balance of carbon fluxes between soil storage and atmosphere; microorganisms and soil carbon storage; paleoclimate and soil forming processes; geophysical techniques used in the characterization of soil horizons; impact of climate change on soil fertility; experiments; and demonstrations.

  12. Les déterminants de l'innovation dans les services : une analyse à partir des formes d'innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Mongo, Michelle

    2012-01-01

    This article makes a study of the influence of innovation determinants on their ability to innovate and the different types of innovation (technological and non-technological) developed within service sector. The statistics are provided from the community Innovation Survey. The estimation method is a probit with selection from the framework proposed by Heckman (1979) and refined by Van De Ven and Van Praag (1981). The first equation explains the innovative capacity and the second explicates t...

  13. Engaging All Americans: Innovative Strategies for Reaching the Public with Climate and Environmental Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Espinoza, S.

    2014-12-01

    From extensive drought and heat waves to floods, tornadoes and Superstorm Sandy, extreme weather and climate events provide teachable moments to help communities prepare for and respond to related environmental, economic and health impacts. The National Environmental Education Foundation (www.neefusa.org) works with the American Meteorological Society, the media and other trusted messengers to provide weather, climate and environmental information to the public in accessible and widely used formats, whether via TV, radio or social media. NEEF will provide an overview of innovative partnerships and projects that are engaging Americans in understanding and using climate and environmental information to make the best choices in their daily lives and improve the health of their communities, including: Assessing knowledge, attitudes and behaviors: NEEF will share results from its national survey research and targeted focus groups on current attitudes and practices relating to our nation's environment. Simplifying and amplifying key messages: NEEF provides a national network of more than 350 meteorologists, radio broadcasters and journalists with the science-based information and resources they need to present climate and environmental topics to their viewers on-air, online and in community outreach. Engaging television viewers in citizen science: Eyes on Central PA, a pilot project of NEEF, Project Noah and WTAJ-TV, harnesses Project Noah's citizen science platform to collect and display photos of wildlife from WTAJ-TV viewers. NEEF and WTAJ provide regular blogs and on-air stories that highlight viewers' photos and link them to local weather conditions and climate trends. Expanding the conversation: NEEF's multimedia strategy in the Mid-Atlantic U.S. is reaching Spanish-speaking audiences with climate and environmental information through regular radio and television broadcasts. We are also exploring ways to reach other non-traditional audiences, including faith

  14. Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Janni; Yaganeh, Suzanne; Bloch Rasmussen, Leif;

    2013-01-01

    This paper contributes to a theoretical discussion of creation of innovation with participants in, or outside, organisations. We address the creation of innovation with a complex theoretical understanding drawing on the Scandinavian and the Participatory Design tradition introducing two approaches...... to the processes of innovation. We ask if innovation can be initiated and enhanced looking at two collaborative approaches; participatory innovation (PIN) and cooperative innovation (COIN). We invite to dialogue and reflections on PIN’s conflict and creative frictions on one side and COIN’s complexity......, complementarity in diversity and the didactic scaffolding of the innovation process on the other side. Our contribution focuses on the methods and practices for facilitation of co-creating activities between different groups leading to cooperation, and innovation in thinking....

  15. The NASA Innovations in Climate Education Project: 'Instructional Strategies for Expanding Climate Change Concepts within Readng/Literacy Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walton-Jaggers, L. J.; Johnson, D.; Hayden, L. B.; Hale, S. R.

    2013-12-01

    The Common Core State Standards (CCSS) provide a consistent, clear understanding of what students are expected to learn, so teachers and parents know what they need to do to help them. In 2010 the standards were designed to be robust and relevant to the real world, reflecting the knowledge and skills that young people need for success in college and careers. In 2013 the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) in connection with the CCSS developed revised science standards in performance, prior standards documents listed what students should know or understand, foundations were each performance expectation incorporates all three dimensions from a science or engineering practice, a core disciplinary idea, and a crosscutting concept, and coherence that connects each set of performance expectations lists connections to other ideas within the disciplines of science and engineering. Elizabeth City State University (ECSU) in Elizabeth City, North Carolina has joined with the University of New Hampshire (UNH) in Durham, New Hampshire under the NASA Innovations in Climate Education (NICE) grant to empower faculty of education programs at Minority Serving Institutions (MSIs) to better engage their pre-service teachers in teaching and learning about global climate change through the use of NASA Earth observation sets. Specifically, professors from MSIs received training with Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and GES-DISC Interactive Online Visualization And aNalysis Infrastructure (GIOVANNI) to engage pre-service teachers in facets of climate education. Grambling State University faculty members served as participants of the NICE workshop for 2012 and were encouraged to develop lessons in climate education from information shared at the workshop. A corresponding project that incorporated the CCSS and NGSS at Grambling State University in Grambling, Louisiana was headed by Dr. Loretta Jaggers. This paper documents activities that pre-service students in the GSU Curriculum and

  16. Climate Change and Energy Sustainability. Which Innovations in European Strategies and Plans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocco Papa

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, the effects of climate change on urban areas have pushed more and more policy-makers and urban planners to deal with the management of territorial transformations in a systemic and multi-sector perspective, due to the complexity of the issue. In order to enhance the urban governance of climate change and cope with environmental sustainability, the concept of resilience can be used. In this perspective, the present work has a double purpose: on the one hand to reflect on he need to adopt a new comprehension/interpretive approach to the study of the city, which embraces the concept of resilience, and on the other hand to perform a reading of European strategies and plans oriented to mitigate the effects of climate change and to achieve the goals of energy and environmental sustainability. This paper describes some of the results of the knowledge framework of the Project Smart Energy Master for the energy management of territory financed by PON 04A2_00120 R & C Axis II, from 2012 to 2015 aimed at supporting local authorities in the development of strategies for the reduction of energy consumption through actions designed to change behavior (in terms of use and energy consumption and to improve the energy efficiency of equipment and infrastructure. The paper is divided into three parts: the first is oriented to the definition of the new comprehension/interpretive approach; the second illustrates a series of recent innovations in planning tools of some European States due to the adoption of the concept of resilience; the third, finally, describes and compares the most innovative energy and environmental strategies aimed at contrasting and/or mitigate the effects of climate change, promoted in some European and Italian cities.

  17. Teacher's Innovative Work Behavior and Innovation Climate%教师创新工作行为与创新气氛的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张敏; 张凌

    2012-01-01

    Objective:To develop a Teacher Innovative Work Behavior Questionnaire (TIWBQ),and explore the relationship among innovative work behavior,innovation motivation and school organizational innovation climate. Methods: Based on Janssen's concept about innovative work behavior and the data from teachers interview,the primary TIBWQ is established. 374 valid questionnaires were adopted for the Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA),and 470 valid questionnaires were adopted for the internal consistency analyses,Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and hierarchical regression analyses. Results: EFA showed that the teacher innovative work behavior was a three-dimension construct,which included innovation idea,innovation action and innovation result. CFA,internal consistency analyses and hierarchical regression analyses,data from another sample of 470 subjects was used,further confirmed the validity and reliability of the TIWBQ. School organizational innovation climate were powerful predictors of the teacher innovative work behavior.There was a mediating effect of innovation motivation on teachers' school organizational innovation climate and innovation work behavior. Conclusion: The reliability and validity of TLRPQ have reached the acceptable level in psychometrics. Innovation motivation mediated the relation between school organizational innovation climate and teacher innovative work behavior.%目的:编制教师创新工作行为问卷,并考察教师创新工作行为与学校组织创新气氛、创新动机的关系.方法:依据Janssen个体创新工作行为理论,结合教师访谈,编制教师创新工作行为初测问卷;根据374份有效数据进行探索性因素分析;根据470份调查问卷结果,采用内部一致性分析、结构方程模型技术结构和层次回归分析进行验证和变量关系分析.结果:探索性因素分析表明,教师创新工作行为由创新意愿、创新行动、创新成果3个维度构成;验证性因素分析、内

  18. Home automation: technological innovation or practical innovation for flow management in housing?; La domotique: innovation technologique ou innovation d`usage pour la gestion des flux dans le bati?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lefebvre, H. [Agence de l`Environnement et de la Maitrise de l`Energie, (ADEME), 75 - Paris (France)

    1999-05-01

    The origins of innovation in home automation date from the period following the second round of oil prices increases through flow management in housing. The advantages offered by home automation have evolved since then to encompass today the technical systems integrating all automatic systems involved in the management of energy, security, communication and comfort into the habitat. Home automation innovation is an integral part of the development of the information and communication technology environment. Nonetheless, innovation faces many brakes upon its development, explained partly by the lack of standards, the diversity of solutions, the little used training procedures and a fatalistic attitude on the part of industrialists. In order to attempt to alleviate these restrictions, the parties involved in presenting home automation have set up innovation networks which go beyond simple industrial co-ordination. The main function of these innovation networks is to create mechanisms for irreversibility in order to make systems offered more valid in the long term. Does the large-scale distribution of home automation innovations need the stricter standardisation of some technologies as a prerequisite? (authors) 10 refs.

  19. Employment and other macroeconomic benefits of an innovation-led climate strategy for the United States

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Climate protection policy and its analysis are pursued in the context of other social goals, among them the maintenance of economic growth and high employment. Too often, however, analysis of energy and climate policy does not realistically reflect technological conditions and the dynamics of technological change. This tendency unnecessarily associates the decline in energy consumption or carbon emissions with the decline in national economic output or income. But there is ample prima facie evidence to the contrary. Just as in the 19th century when the perceived need to reduce labor inputs as part of the production process spurred labor-saving technological progress, now the need to reduce energy (and pollution) costs could spur innovation and diffusion of efficient and clean energy technologies. This, in turn, can increase overall growth in economic productivity. Energy technology analysts have identified many such existing and near-term commercial technologies, as well as innovations that can be foreseen beyond the immediate technological horizon, which would become widely used if policies were developed to overcome market and institutional barriers. This paper presents a macroeconomic analysis for a set of policies that would induce the adoption of more efficient and low-carbon technologies, and finds that overall employment and economic output could be increased by small amounts while significantly reducing carbon emissions. (Author)

  20. Tradition et innovations esthétiques dans la nouvelle yéménite contemporaine Tradition and aesthetic innovations in contemporary Yemeni short stories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Géraldine Jenvrin

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Le nouveau recueil de Mu/hammad ‘Abd al-Wakîl Jâzim témoigne d’une transformation capitale dans la littérature yéménite contemporaine :  le passage d’une forme expérimentale en rupture avec les règles de la nouvelle traditionnelle et avec la réalité yéménite, à une autre forme plus accomplie dans laquelle les principes traditionnels de la nouvelle sont ici associés sans complexe aux formes renouvelées du genre.  La nouvelle intitulée Le maître des vautours, présente, dans une structure narrative traditionnelle, un conte fantastique moderne qui mêle réalisme, symbolisme et poésie, et dans lequel l’auteur traite à sa manière les thèmes littéraires contemporains de la dualité du rêve et de la réalité, du désenchantement et de l’enfermement perpétuel.  C’est notamment en s’inspirant de la langue, des pratiques orales, des croyances et de l’imaginaire populaire, que l’auteur, soucieux de donner un ancrage au texte dans la réalité yéménite, transfigure cette expérience existentielle moderne.The latest collection of short stories by Mu/hammad 'Abd al-Wakîl signals a major shift in contemporary Yemeni literature: from an experimental form, breaking away from both traditional short story conventions and Yemeni reality, to another, more accomplished form, unabashedly mixing traditional short story principles with renewed genre forms. The short story entitled The Vulture Master presents us, from within a traditional narrative structure, with a modern fantasy tale blending in realism, symbolism and poetry, and where the writer deals in his own way with such contemporary literary themes as disenchantment, perpetual captivity, and the duality of dream and reality. Drawing his inspiration from language itself, oral practices, beliefs and popular imagery, the writer, seeking to set his tale firmly in Yemeni reality, manages to transfigure this modern existential experiment.

  1. Market of innovative timber products in Europe and Serbia and their contribution to climate change mitigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sretenović Predrag

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper shows results of researching the market of glued laminated timber as the most frequent innovative timber product in constructing timber framed residential facilities in Europe and Serbia. The research included the development of production, consumption and trade flows for the most significant countries in the European Union and Serbia. Additionally, the paper gives characteristics of this innovative timber product regarding dimensions, allowed deviations of dimensions defined in adequate European standard, wood species it is made of and fire resistance. The last part of the paper shows results of econometric modeling of the impact of building timber-framed houses on the consumption of glued laminated timber in Austria as one of the countries belonging to the group of the largest consumers of this innovative timber product in Europe. Taking into consideration that the substitution of classic building materials, primarily concrete, steel and aluminum, with glued laminated timber in residential construction contributes to the reduction of carbon-dioxide emission and climate change mitigation, research results of the effects of such substitution are presented in the last chapter in this paper. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. III43007: Istraživanje klimatskih promena na životnu sredinu: praćenje uticaja, adaptacija i ublažavanje

  2. Review on team innovation climate%团队创新氛围的研究述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方来坛; 时勘; 刘蓉晖

    2012-01-01

    团队创新氛围的研究已经成为组织行为学中团队研究的重要课题之一,团队创新氛围是指工作团队成员对影响其创新能力发挥的工作环境和氛围的一种共同的社会知觉。本文在介绍了目前有关团队创新氛围的基本概念、测量工具之后,就该领域的研究现状、影响因素和作用机制进行了剖析,并通过借鉴I-M-O-I循环模型,提出构建团队创新氛围研究的基本理论构思,并对于未来研究中如何进一步加强对团队创新氛围的干预机制的探讨提出了几点建议。%Team innovation climate is one of the important research topics involving team research on the organizational behavior. Team innovation climate is the common social perception of the work environment and climate that has influence on the people of the work team giving free rein to the innovative ability. Based on the relevant review on the studies and development involving basic conception, measurement tool, and influence factors, etc. of team innovation climate, by using the cycle model of ( Input - Mediator - Output - Input) IMO], the basic theory frame for the research on team innovation climate is constructed. The many prospects for the future research, such as the intervention mechanism of team innovation climate, are pointed out.

  3. Innovating Science Teaching by Participatory Action Research – Reflections from an Interdisciplinary Project of Curriculum Innovation on Teaching about Climate Change

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timo Feierabend

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes a three-year curriculum innovation project on teaching about climate change. The innovation for this study focused on a socio-critical approach towards teaching climate change in four different teaching domains (biology, chemistry, physics and politics. The teaching itself explicitly aimed at general educational objectives, i.e., fostering students’ communication and evaluation abilities as essential components for preparing young people for active participation in society. Participatory Action Research has been used as a collaborative strategy of cyclical curriculum innovation and research. Using past experiences and selected results from accompanying research, this project and its methodology will be reflected upon from the viewpoint of the chemistry group taking part in the project. Core issues reflected upon include how the project contributed to the creation of feasible curriculum materials, how it led to innovative structures in practice, and whether it supported experienced teachers’ ongoing professional development. General considerations for the process of curriculum innovation will also be derived.

  4. HUBUNGAN ANTARA KNOWLEDGE-TECHNOLOGY-INNOVATION (KTI), COMMITMENT, COMPETENCE, LEADERSHIP, GOVERNMENT POLICY, HUMAN CAPITAL, DAN COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE

    OpenAIRE

    Darjat Sudrajat

    2014-01-01

    In current tight competitive situation, companies always try to create differentiation anytime to achieve better and sustainable performance. Rapid and unpredictable changes insist the companies should always be innovative, so that aspects of globalization, e-business, technology innovation, creativity, global competition, knowledge creation, diffusion of new technologies and knowledge revolution should be sources of performance and competitiveness improvement. Therefore, to maintain core com...

  5. 创新气氛的概念形成、测量与影响因素%A Research Review of Innovative Climate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘云; 石金涛

    2009-01-01

    创新气氛的研究是创造力研究领域和组织气氛研究领域在特定历史阶段的共同交集.关于创新气氛的定义,认知图式法和共享认知法这两种主要方法被广泛采用.创新气氛包括心理创新气氛、团队创新气氛和组织创新气氛等3种类型.通常使用的创新气氛的测量工具包括SSSI,KEYS,SOQ,TCI.%s:The concept of innovative climate comes from the converging of organizational climate research and creativity research at a special period.In terms of the definition of innovative climate,two approaches have been generally adopted,the cognitive schemata approach and the shared perception approach.In terms of the appropriate level of analysis,three units have been used in innovative climate research,the individual,group and organization.There are three kinds of Innovative climate,psychological innovative climate,team innovative climate and organizational innovative climate.Four tools have usually been used to measure innovative climate in research,they are SSSI,KEYS,SOQ and TCI.

  6. Se démarquer dans l’industrie du bien-être. Transnationalisme, innovation et indianité Standing out in the wellness industry. Transnationalism, innovation and indianness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Pordié

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available L’industrie du bien-être se caractérise à la fois par un fort potentiel d’innovation dans le domaine thérapeutique et par une prétention à l’ancienneté de ces nouvelles thérapies. Cet article propose d’analyser ce paradoxe en étudiant les logiques à l’œuvre dans la construction d’une marque identifiant et distinguant Mango Spa, une chaîne indienne de centres de soins et de remise en forme. Il s’intéresse aux sens et aux implications de l’innovation thérapeutique dans le cas d’une firme qui revendique l’authenticité de ses traitements tout en puisant dans des ressources d’influences multiples afin de s’adapter à une clientèle cosmopolite. Ces services et ces produits fondent leur légitimité sur la tradition ayurvédique, mais ils doivent toutefois la défier afin d’acquérir leur propre visibilité. C’est ainsi que Mango Spa se démarque de ses concurrents. De nouvelles thérapies « indiennes » sont créées en mobilisant clients internationaux, thérapeutes de cultures disparates et industriels établis hors de l’Inde. La marque est produite au travers d’un faisceau complexe de relations transnationales. En examinant les forces globales et le caractère multidimensionnel de la production d’une marque indienne, cet article renseigne plus généralement sur la circulation et la transformation des idées, des objets et des pratiques.The wellness industry is characterized by both a high innovation potential in the therapeutic field and a claim to the antiquity of these new therapies. This article aims to analyze this paradox by studying the logic at work in the construction of a brand identifying and distinguishing Mango Spa, an Indian chain of health and fitness centers. Particularly interesting are the meanings and implications of therapeutic innovation in the case of a firm claiming the authenticity of its treatments while drawing on multiples resources and influences to adapt them to a

  7. NASA Innovations in Climate Education Connects Audiences Coast-to-Coast for Climate Literacy via the NASA Digital Learning Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, B.; Barnes, M. H.; Chambers, L. H.; Pippin, M. R.; Martin, A. M.; Geyer, A. J.; Leber, M.; Joyner, E.; Small, C.; Dublin, D.

    2013-12-01

    The Minority University Research and Education Program (MUREP) NASA Innovations in Climate Education (NICE) project advances NASA's Office of Education's strategic initiative to improve the quality of the nation's Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education and enhance literacy about climate and other Earth systems environmental changes. NICE also strategically supports the United States' progressive initiative to enhance the science and technology enterprise for successful competition in the 21st century global community. To extend to wider networks in 2013, MUREP NICE partnered with the NASA Digital Learning Network (DLNTM) in a unique, non-traditional collaborative model to significantly increase the impact and connection with formal and informal educators, curriculum developers, science education specialists, and researchers regarding climate literacy. DLN offers an expansive distance learning capability that bridges presenters with education audiences for interactive, web-based, synchronous and asynchronous Educator Professional Development (EPD). DLN services over 10,000 educators each year. In 3rd quarter FY13 alone DLN totaled 3,361 connections with educators. The DLN allows for cost effective (no travel) engagement of multiple geographically dispersed audiences with presenters from remote locations. This facilitates interactive communication among participants through distance education, allowing them to share local experiences with one another. A comprehensive four-part EPD workshop, featuring several NICE Principal Investigators (PI) and NASA subject matter experts was developed for NICE in April 2013. Topics covered in the workshop progressed from a simple introduction of Earth's energy budget, through explanation of temperature data collection and evidence of temperature rise, impacts on phenology, and finally consequences for bugs and birds. This event was an innovative hybrid workshop, connecting onsite teachers interactively

  8. Quelles voies pour le développement d'innovations agro-écologiques dans les pays du Sud?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mergeai, G.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available What are the best approaches to the development of agro-ecological innovations in developing countries?. Approaches to developing agricultural innovation have changed over time, as understanding of the ways in which innovation is produced and the role of the various stakeholders involved changed. In the 1960s and 70s, technology transfer - or the linear approach - was the main model used for agricultural innovation. The idea was that researchers develop technologies which are transferred to farmers through extension services, and that farmers then apply this on the ground. Even today, this approach remains present in a large number of programmes and institutions. In the decades which followed, the linear approach was criticised because of the dominant position of researchers in the production of knowledge and their static view of innovation. These defects were said to be at the root of the poor uptake of new technology produced by researchers. From the 1980s, there was a desire to involve farmers in the development of technological innovation by adopting participative approaches, taking into account the variety of components in their production systems. Farming systems research (FSR and the farmer field-schools promoted by the FAO are examples of this new vision. These approaches place greater emphasis upon farmers' knowledge in the innovation process. Over time, it became increasingly clear that technical change was not necessarily the main obstacle to improving agricultural performance. Other constraints, of an organisational and institutional nature, were often very limiting and hampered the application of existing technological innovation. This observation led, in the 1990s and 2000s, to the concept of innovation systems. It is now recognised that innovation arises from the interaction between the multiple actors who make up a system. These consist principally of farmers, researchers, agricultural extension agents, farming organisations and

  9. Management de la recherche et innovation technique, ou la dimension organisationnelle dans l'émergence d'ARPANET.

    OpenAIRE

    Serres, Alexandre

    2001-01-01

    Les rapports complexes entre techniques et formes d'organisation sont souvent appréhendés du point de vue de l'impact ou des effets des nouvelles technologies sur les organisations ; l'une des questions cruciales aujourd'hui ne concerne-t-elle pas précisément la manière dont évoluent les organisations, sous les conditions et dans le contexte de la numérisation ? En bref, comment le développement technique affecte-t-il les organisations, et notamment les formes managériales ? La problématique ...

  10. Innovations pédagogiques et utiliation des NTIC dans le cadre de la formulation des aliments complets

    OpenAIRE

    Malumba Kamba, Paul; Masimango, Thaddée

    2006-01-01

    Des nombreuses approches d’optimisation des formulations ont été développées ces dernières années et commercialisées sous forme de logiciels dont les bases d’application restent méconnues de nombreux praticiens. Dans la présente étude des fondements de la formulation conceptuelle des aliments utilisant les NTIC sont présentés et appliqués à un cas de formulation d’un aliment de croissance pour pondeuse. La validation de la formulation conceptuelle est obtenue grâce à l’analyse ...

  11. Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Helms, Niels Henrik

    2012-01-01

    Kravet om innovation og kreativitet er på flere måder en stor og en ny udfordring for voksenuddannelserne. Det udfordrer det didaktiske dilemma, det at vi skal gøres til kompetente og frie mennesker gennem pædagogiske handlinger, som netop pålægger os en ufrihed. – Men hvor denne ufrihed...... innovative, netop er det, vi endnu ikke kender...

  12. The mini climatic city a dedicated space for technological innovations devoted to Sustainable City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derkx, François; Lebental, Bérengère; Merliot, Erick; Dumoulin, Jean; Bourquin, Frédéric

    2015-04-01

    Our cities, from megalopolis to rural commune, are systems of an extraordinary technological and human complexity. Their balance is threatened by the growing population and rarefaction of resources. Massive urbanization endanges the environment, while global climate change, through natural hazards generated (climatic, hydrological and geological), threats people and goods. Connect the city, that is to say, design and spread systems able to route, between multiple actors, a very large amount of heterogeneous information natures and analyzed for various purposes, is at the heart of the hopes to make our cities more sustainable: climate-resilient, energy efficient and actresses of the energy transition, attractive to individuals and companies, health and environment friendly. If multiple players are already aware of this need, progress is slow because, beyond the only connectivity, it is the urban intelligence that will create the sustainable city, through coordinated capabilities of Perception, Decision and Action: to measure phenomena; to analyze their impact on urban sustainability in order to define strategies for improvement; to effectively act on the cause of the phenomenon. In this very active context with a strong societal impact, the Sense-City project aims to accelerate research and innovation in the field of sustainable city, particularly in the field of micro and nanosensors. The project is centered around a "mini climatic City", a unique mobile environmental chamber in Europe of 400m² that can accommodate realistic models of city main components, namely buildings, infrastructures, distribution networks or basements. This R&D test place, available in draft form from January 2015 and in finalized version in 2016, will allow to validate, in realistic conditions, innovative technologies performances for the sustainable city, especially micro- and nano-sensors, at the end of their development laboratory and upstream of industrialization. R & D platform

  13. Climate engineering. The innovations that award a prize at Interclima; Genie climatique. Les innovations primees a interclima

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    1999-12-01

    The results of the innovation competition, organised by the Interclima-Interconfort exhibition under the patronage of the Minister of equipment, transports and housing have been declared on the Monday eightieth of November 99 at Paris. Three medals have been awarded in each type of products and three flames reward the best innovations. These products are presented in this article: boilers, air-conditioning, tele-processing by Internet, software. (N.C.)

  14. Hungary: Transformation and Innovation in Medium- and Small-Scale Enterprises La Hongrie : transformation et innovation dans les petites et moyennes entreprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    András Blahó

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Si la recherche développée en Hongrie est abondante, la circulation des connaissances entre le secteur de la R&D et le monde de l’entreprise y est insuffisante. Malgré la concurrence exacerbée, tant nationalement qu’internationalement, beaucoup d’entreprises innovantes ne tirent pas parti de la R&D développée localement. Les connaissances innovantes sont généralement acquises par d’autres voies – souvent par transfert à partir d’une maison mère étrangère – ou encore développées au sein de l’entreprise elle-même. Les firmes se préoccupent rarement de l’impact potentiel de l’acquisition de connaissances nouvelles sur leur chiffre d’affaires. La protection des résultats de la R&D est souvent inadéquate. Le dépôt de brevet est rare, et les parties engagées dans la vente, l’achat ou le transfert de savoir-faire ne concluent que rarement des accords garantissant la confidentialité des informations échangées.

  15. Innovating for sustainable development in the field of energy; Innover pour un developpement durable dans le domaine de l'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    In transport applications, there will be no significant alternatives to hydrocarbons, in particular oil and gas, for many decades to come. In this context, IFP vocation is to innovate, develop and transfer the technologies that will enable the oil, gas and automobile industries and the wider community to achieve sustainable development while preserving the environment. IFP research topics are accordingly organized around two strategic themes: renew, extend and diversify world hydrocarbon resources (oil, gas, derivatives and substitutes); reduce the impact of the oil and gas industry on the environment. (author)

  16. Climate for Innovation, Creative Efficacy and Team Innovation: The Moderating Role of Team Leadership%创新氛围、创新效能感与团队创新:团队领导的调节作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    隋杨; 陈云云; 王辉

    2012-01-01

    Organizational climates are defined as a set of shared perceptions regarding the policies, practices, and procedures that an organization rewards, supports, and expects. Organizational climates exert an important influence on organizations and employees who work in them. In recent years, climate researchers have switched their focus from global to facet-specific climates. This study defines climate for innovation (or support for innovation) as the innovation aspect of the work group climate, which reflects shared perceptions among group members regarding their work environment that is creativity-/ innovation-relevant. Previous studies have found that climate for innovation is significantly related to team innovation. However, the research on the relationship between climate and innovation at the team level is still lacking, especially in the Chinese context. Moreover, previous research has not answered the following questions: what is the psychological mechanism that channels the impact of climate for innovation on team innovation? What is the role of team leader in this relationship? This study aims to address the two questions by examining the mediating effect of team creative efficacy and the moderating role of team leader's behaviors of leading innovation.Data were collected from a high-tech company in China. Teamwork is popular in this company. A team leader is assigned to each team and this leader acts not only as the job coordinator but also as a coworker of team members. We randomly selected 90 R&D teams from a list of 380 teams provided by the HR department, and finally got a sample of 51 teams with average team size of 3.6. We used hierarchical regression and bootstrap method with the aid of SPSS macro developed by Preacher and Hayes (2008) to test our hypotheses.With team innovation as the dependent variable, the results showed that the regression coefficients of climate for innovation on both team creative efficacy and team innovation were significantly

  17. Hubungan antara Knowledge-Technology-Innovation (KTI, Commitment, Competence, Leadership, Government Policy, Human Capital, dan Competitive Advantage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darjat Sudrajat

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In current tight competitive situation, companies always try to create differentiation anytime to achieve better and sustainable performance. Rapid and unpredictable changes insist the companies should always be innovative, so that aspects of globalization, e-business, technology innovation, creativity, global competition, knowledge creation, diffusion of new technologies and knowledge revolution should be sources of performance and competitiveness improvement. Therefore, tomaintain core competencies and competitive advantage, the companies should develop continuous innovation, technologylearning, and knowledge management. Knowledge-Technology-Innovation (KTI can be a driver for country’s development and growth. Japan, South Korea, and Singapore are the countries that have limited natural and human resources, but able to achieve sustainable economic development. KTI is not only to be practiced at individual and organizational level, but also can be implemented at the community, national, or state level. KTI, therefore, can encourage expected competitive advantage creation and become a decisive factor for a country to achieve stable and sustainable economic growth. This research intends to analyze relationships of KTI, competitive advantage, commitment, leadership, human capital, government policy,and competence. This research used correlational method and literature study approach. The result of this research is a relationship model of each of these aspects that can be used as a framework for further research. The relationships model isas follows: Leadership, competence, and human capital (as independent variables have direct relationship (influence oncompetitive advantage (dependent variable or indirectly (through KTI as an intervening variable; KTI has direct relationship (effect on competitive advantage; Government policy and commitment are moderator variables for relationshipof KTI and competitive advantage.

  18. HUBUNGAN ANTARA KNOWLEDGE-TECHNOLOGY-INNOVATION (KTI, COMMITMENT, COMPETENCE, LEADERSHIP, GOVERNMENT POLICY, HUMAN CAPITAL, DAN COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darjat Sudrajat

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In current tight competitive situation, companies always try to create differentiation anytime to achieve better and sustainable performance. Rapid and unpredictable changes insist the companies should always be innovative, so that aspects of globalization, e-business, technology innovation, creativity, global competition, knowledge creation, diffusion of new technologies and knowledge revolution should be sources of performance and competitiveness improvement. Therefore, to maintain core competencies and competitive advantage, the companies should develop continuous innovation, technology learning, and knowledge management. Knowledge-Technology-Innovation (KTI can be a driver for countrys development and growth. Japan, South Korea, and Singapore are the countries that have limited natural and human resources, but able to achieve sustainable economic development. KTI is not only to be practiced at individual and organizational level, but also can be implemented at the community, national, or state level. KTI, therefore, can encourage expected competitive advantage creation and become a decisive factor for a country to achieve stable and sustainable economic growth. This research intends to analyze relationships of KTI, competitive advantage, commitment, leadership, human capital, government policy, and competence. This research used correlational method and literature study approach. The result of this research is a relationship model of each of these aspects that can be used as a framework for further research. The relationships model is as follows: Leadership, competence, and human capital (as independent variables have direct relationship (influence on competitive advantage (dependent variable or indirectly (through KTI as an intervening variable; KTI has direct relationship (effect on competitive advantage; Government policy and commitment are moderator variables for relationship of KTI and competitive advantage.

  19. INNOVATION

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Helms, Niels Henrik

    2012-01-01

    Kravet om innovation og kreativitet er på flere måder en stor og en ny udfordring for voksenuddannelserne. Det udfordrer det didaktiske dilemma, det at vi skal gøres til kompetente og frie mennesker gennem pædagogiske handlinger, som netop pålægger os en ufrihed. – Men hvor denne ufrihed tidligere...... kunne begrundes med, at skolen eller uddannelsen vidste bedre, så er det ikke længere tilfældet. Skolen skal sørge for, at vi lærer noget – og ikke noget andet. Men det kan ikke længere med bestemthed afgøres, hvad det er vi skal lære i skolen, fordi det nye, det kreative og ikke mindst innovative...

  20. Communicating climate change – Learning from business: challenging values, changing economic thinking, innovating the low carbon economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katharina Kaesehage

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The risks and opportunities presented by climate change for Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs have been largely overlooked by previous research. The subsequent lack of knowledge in this field makes it difficult for SMEs to engage with climate change in a meaningful, profitable, and sustainable way. Further, current research cannot explain why SMEs rarely engage with climate change. We examine critically 30 SMEs, which engage with climate change knowledges and 5 Innovation-Support-Organizations (ISOs that communicate climate change knowledges. Over a three-year period we explore why and how these businesses approach the knowledge gap between climate change science and business practice, drawing on a variety of ethnographic research methods: (1 in-depth semi-structured and open interviews; (2 participant observations; and (3 practitioners’ workshops. The results demonstrate that business’ mitigation and adaptation strategies are lay-knowledge-dependent, derived from personal values, space, and place identity. To enhance the number of SMEs engaging with climate change, maximize the potential value of climate change for the econo- my and establish a low carbon economy, climate change communication needs to target personal values of business leaders. The message should highlight local impacts of climate change, the benefits of engagement to (the local society and economy, and possible financial benefits for the business. Climate change communication therefore needs to go beyond thinking about potential financial benefits and scientific evidence and challenge values, cultures, and beliefs to stimulate economic, political, and social frameworks that promote values-based decision-making.

  1. L'innovation dans les services associés au produit. Le cas de l'appel d'urgence, notes du séminaire de Sylvain Lenfle,

    OpenAIRE

    Dumez, Hervé

    2008-01-01

    L' approche que nous avons suivie est plutôt micro, et centrée sur le thème de l'innovation (conception, gestion de projet). Généralement, les travaux sur l'innovation portent sur des biens physiques (disons, 95%). Mais il y a néanmoins des travaux sur le domaine des services. Le poids des services est considéré comme grandissant, le thème de l'innovation dans ce domaine existe, donne lieu à des travaux, mais reste malgré tout très minoritaire. Il s'agit d'un paradoxe car, de plus en plus, le...

  2. Innovation of the installation design. Part 5. Optimization and innovation of climate installations; Het innoveren van het installatieontwerp. Deel 5. Optimaliseren en innoveren van klimaatintallaties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmitz, H. [Verwol Klimaatplafonds, Rotterdam (Netherlands)

    2008-01-15

    In a series of articles attention will be paid to optimization and innovation of climate installations. The first article dealt with the determination and formulation of performance demands, laid down in a programme of requirements. In the second article attention was paid to the design and dimensioning of a process flow diagram for accurate air conditioning of a building. In the third article the focus is on thermal comfort and in the fourth article attention is paid to the design of the climate installation. In this article the innovation of the design of an installation will be discussed. [Dutch] In een serie van artikelen wordt aandacht besteed aan het optimaliseren en innoveren van klimaatinstallaties. Het eerste artikel ging over de vaststelling van de prestatie-eisen, vastgelegd in een adequaat programma van eisen. Het tweede artikel behandelde het programma van eisen (PvE) en het ontwerpen en dimensioneren van een processtroomdiagram voor een adequate luchtbehandeling van een gebouw. In deel 3 werd aandacht besteed aan het dimensioneren van de comfortinstallatie op ruimteniveau. In deel 4 wordt ingegaan op verdere optimalisering van de gehele (of onderdelen van de) klimaatinstallatie met formele berekeningsalgoritmen. In dit artikel wordt gesproken over het innoveren van het ontwerp van de installatie.

  3. Culture des acteurs et modèles d’intervention dans l’innovation technopédagogique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Peraya

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available [Français] L’intégration pédagogique des TIC va bien au-delà de la simple maîtrise de l’outil par l’enseignant. Depuis quelques années, il existe des standards de compétences qui prennent en compte d’autres dimensions, notamment des aspects de planification de l’enseignement, de gestion de classe et de formation continue par les TIC. Mais ces listes souvent interminables en disent plus sur les objets de culture que sur la culture elle-même en tant qu’élément clé d’intervention. Nous présentons et comparons deux modèles de pilotage et de soutien de l’innovation technopédagogique qui permettent de mieux comprendre les facteurs en jeu et d’accompagner les acteurs du dispositif de formation. Nos efforts de modélisation de ces facteurs nous ont permis d’identifier quatre sous-dimensions caractéristiques de la culture des acteurs relative à l’intégration des TIC : les représentations/visions, les habiletés/ressources, les attitudes et les pratiques. L’articulation de ces éléments fournit un ensemble d’indicateurs qui permettent d’identifier des aspects à développer et à soutenir afin d’optimiser les chances de succès de l’intégration des TIC. [English] Integrating ICTs into an educational context goes beyond the simple mastery of the tool by the educator. For some years now, existing competency standards take into account other aspects that include using ICTs in lesson planning, class management and continuing education. But these often-interminable lists say more about the culture’s objects than about the culture itself as a vital element of intervention. This article presents and compares two models for piloting and supporting innovation in e-learning that yield insights into the factors at play and support those involved in the training device. Our efforts at modelling these factors have allowed us to identify four subdomains characteristic of the culture of ITC integration and its

  4. Analysis of Factors in Technological and Vocational School Teachers' Perceived Organizational Innovative Climate and Continuous Use of E-Teaching: Using Computer Self-Efficacy as an Intervening Variable

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chou, Chun-Mei; Hsiao, His-Chi; Shen, Chien-Hua; Chen, Su-Chang

    2010-01-01

    This study aims to analyze the correlation (N = 335) among technological and vocational school teachers' perceived organizational innovative climate, computer self-efficacy, and continuous use of e-teaching in Taiwan. Teachers' perceived organizational innovative climate includes five factors, namely, job autonomy, innovative leadership, resource…

  5. Organizational climate in air traffic control Innovative preparedness for implementation of new technology and organizational development in a rule governed organization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arvidsson, Marcus; Johansson, Curt R; Ek, Asa; Akselsson, Roland

    2006-03-01

    A positive and innovative organizational climate is of great importance in order to manage and adapt to change. Such a climate seldom evolves in organizations closely governed by rules and regulations. Because of ongoing organizational and technical changes within the Swedish Air Navigation Services Provider, a study concerning the organizational climate for changes and innovations was conducted to investigate the organization's capacity to cope with changes. Study locations were the two Swedish main air traffic control centers and parts of the civil aviation administration headquarters. In the study 390 subjects took part and the CCQ questionnaire was used to measure the organizational climate. The results show that the organizational climate is quite positive despite the rule-governed work. The results also show that administrative personnel assess the organizational climate as more positive than operative personnel. Comparisons between management positions did not result in any differences.

  6. Ties with Potential: Social Network Structure and Innovative Climate in Dutch Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moolenaar, Nienke M.; Daly, Alan J.; Sleegers, Peter J. C.

    2011-01-01

    Background/Context: Similar to the United States, government efforts to improve education in the Netherlands are focused on innovation and the development of collaborative structures to support the generation of new knowledge. However, empirical evidence of the relationship between social linkages and innovation in education is scarce. Objective:…

  7. Occupying the Principal Position: Examining Relationships between Transformational Leadership, Social Network Position, and Schools' Innovative Climate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moolenaar, Nienke M.; Daly, Alan J.; Sleegers, Peter J. C.

    2010-01-01

    Throughout the world, educational policy makers, practitioners, and scholars have acknowledged the importance of principal leadership in the generation and implementation of innovations. In many studies, transformational leadership has emerged as a promising approach in response to increasing demands to develop and implement innovations in…

  8. La recherche sur commande et le dilemme expert-chercheur : une analyse réflexive de l’implication du sociologue dans la mise en œuvre d’une politique publique de l’innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabien Labarthe

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Le Conseil régional de Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur a demandé en 2008 à l’équipe Deixis-Sophia de l’école Télécom ParisTech une intervention sociologique pour accompagner la mise en place de « PACA Labs », programme d’aide à l’innovation visant à soutenir des expérimentations « grandeur nature » de produits et services numériques en région. L’objectif de l’intervention était d’aider le Conseil Régional dans le développement et la conduite de PACA Labs. La commande portait à la fois sur l’évaluation du programme et sur la construction d’un cadre méthodologique visant à intégrer les usagers dans les projets d’expérimentation, ainsi que sur la participation des chercheurs à la gouvernance du programme. L’article propose une contribution réflexive sur les conditions et les dynamiques de la relation entre production de connaissances et participation à l’action dans une situation d’intervention sociologique. Son objet est d’interroger le dilemme expert-chercheur tel que les auteurs l’ont vécu au travers de cette expérience de commande institutionnelle.

  9. Occupying the principal position: Examining relationships between transformational leadership, social network position, and schools’ innovative climate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    N.M. Moolenaar; A.J. Daly; P.J.C. Sleegers

    2010-01-01

    Throughout the world, educational policy makers, practitioners, and scholars have acknowledged the importance of principal leadership in the generation and implementation of innovations. In many studies, transformational leadership has emerged as a promising approach in response to increasing demand

  10. Innovation af innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harste, Gorm

    2009-01-01

    , at innovation af innovationen forsøges gennemført på en måde, hvor tiden kræves at forholde sig til sin egen tidslighed i form af fremtid, nutid, fortid og ikke mindst i form af samtidighed. I tiden skal vi iagttage, hvordan vi iagttager tiden. Vi dobbelt-koder tiden på samme måde, som forskning forsker i...... organisationssystemerne. De to typer systemer kan noget helt bestemt med fænomenet tid. De kan synkronisere. Analyseres organisationssystemer ser vi, imidlertid at innovation kræver ro. Stærkt innovative systemer er militærsystemet og kunstsystemet, der også inddrages, og hvor vi ser paradokset mellem innovation og...... involution. Tid er med et medium og ikke et lufttomt rum. Tid er end ikke en gasart, men udgør et solidt fluidum, som samfundet bader i og flyder i, konstant i bevægelse. Reformer forudsætter former, og innovation forudsætter involution. Kun sådan muliggøres evolution....

  11. What and How Are We Evaluating? Meta-Evaluation Study of the NASA Innovations in Climate Education (NICE) Portfolio

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, A. M.; Barnes, M. H.; Chambers, L. H.; Pippin, M. R.

    2013-12-01

    As part of NASA's Minority University Research and Education Program (MUREP), the NASA Innovations in Climate Education (NICE) project at Langley Research Center has funded 71 climate education initiatives since 2008. The funded initiatives span across the nation and contribute to the development of a climate-literate public and the preparation of a climate-related STEM workforce through research experiences, professional development opportunities, development of data access and modeling tools, and educational opportunities in both K-12 and higher education. Each of the funded projects proposes and carries out its own evaluation plan, in collaboration with external or internal evaluation experts. Using this portfolio as an exemplar case, NICE has undertaken a systematic meta-evaluation of these plans, focused primarily on evaluation questions, approaches, and methods. This meta-evaluation study seeks to understand the range of evaluations represented in the NICE portfolio, including descriptive information (what evaluations, questions, designs, approaches, and methods are applied?) and questions of value (do these evaluations meet the needs of projects and their staff, and of NASA/NICE?). In the current climate, as federal funders of climate change and STEM education projects seek to better understand and incorporate evaluation into their decisions, evaluators and project leaders are also seeking to build robust understanding of program effectiveness. Meta-evaluations like this provide some baseline understanding of the current status quo and the kinds of evaluations carried out within such funding portfolios. These explorations are needed to understand the common ground between evaluative best practices, limited resources, and agencies' desires, capacity, and requirements. When NASA asks for evaluation of funded projects, what happens? Which questions are asked and answered, using which tools? To what extent do the evaluations meet the needs of projects and

  12. United States and developing countries in the climatic negotiation; Etats-Unis et PED dans la negociation climatique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blanchard, O. [Universite Pierre Mendes-France IEPE-CNRS, 38 - Grenoble (France); Reiner, D. [Cambridge Univ. (United Kingdom)

    2003-07-01

    Two main topics are discussed in this presentation. The first one concerns an analysis of the Bush Administration policy consequences towards the climatic change debate and the long dated forecasts. The second one answers the open questions: must the Trans-atlantic divide be solved before or at least simultaneous to developing country accession? Will the kyoto protocol be considered a success? Do long-run formulations of the climate policy debate facilitate actions? (A.L.B.)

  13. Océan et climat : les fonctions thermiques de l'océan dans la dynamique du climat : une revue des idées actuelles

    OpenAIRE

    Merle, Jacques

    1980-01-01

    La variabilité climatique à court terme peut être considérée comme une résultante de l'autovariation du système couplé océan-atmosphère en dehors de toutes actions extérieures à ce système. A cette échelle et dans ce concept du système climatique réduit aux deux seuls milieux océaniques et atmosphériques, l'océan devient une source potentielle de variabilité très importante. Trois fonctions océaniques sont primordiales : stocker, échanger avec l'atmosphère et transporter de l'énergie. Ces tro...

  14. KLIMA 2050: a research-based innovation centre for risk reduction through climate adaptation of infrastructure and buildings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solheim, Anders; Time, Berit; Kvande, Tore; Sivertsen, Edvard; Cepeda, Jose; Lappegard Hauge, Åshild; Bygballe, Lena; Almås, Anders-Johan

    2016-04-01

    Klima 2050 - Risk reduction through climate adaptation of buildings and infrastructure is a Centre for Research based Innovation (SFI), funded jointly by the Research Council of Norway (RCN) and the partners of the centre. The aim of Klima 2050 is to reduce the societal risks associated with climate changes, including enhanced precipitation and flood water exposure within the built environment. The Centre will strengthen companies' innovation capacity through a focus on long-term research. It is also a clear objective to facilitate close cooperation between Research & Development, performing companies, public entities, and prominent research groups. Emphasis will be placed on development of moisture-resilient buildings, storm-water management, blue-green solutions, mitigation measures for water-triggered landslides, socio-economic incentives and decision-making processes. Both extreme weather and gradual climatic changes will be addressed. The Centre consists of a consortium of 18 partners from three sectors: industry, public entities and research/education organizations. The partners from the industry/private sector include a variety of companies from the building industry. The public entities comprise the most important infrastructure owners in Norway (public roads, railroads, buildings, airports), as well as the directorate for water and energy. The research and education partners are SINTEF Building and Infrastructure, the Norwegian Business School, the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, the Norwegian Meteorological Institute, and the Norwegian Geotechnical Institute. This contribution presents the main research plans and activities of this Centre, which was started in 2015 and will run for 8 years, until 2023. The presentation also includes options for international cooperation in the Centre via PhD and postdoctoral positions, MSc projects and guest-researcher stays with Klima 2050 partners.

  15. An Innovative Approach to Effective Climate Science Application through Stakeholder Participation in Great Plains Grasslands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Athearn, N.; Broska, J.

    2015-12-01

    For natural resource managers and other Great Plains stakeholders, climate uncertainties further confound decision-making on a highly altered landscape. Partner organizations comprising the Great Plains Landscape Conservation Cooperative (GPLCC) acknowledge climate change as a high-priority threat to grasslands and associated habitats, affecting water availability, species composition, and other factors. Despite its importance, incorporation of climate change impacts into planning is hindered by high uncertainty and lack of translation to a tangible outcome: effects on species and their habitats. In 2014, the GPLCC initiated a Landscape Conservation Design (LCD) process to ultimately improve the size and connectivity of grasslands - informing land managers of the landscape-scale impacts of local decisions about where to restore, enhance, protect, and develop lands. Defining this goal helped stakeholders envision a tangible product. High resolution land cover data recently completed for Texas and Oklahoma represent current grassland locations. By focusing climate change models to project changes in these land cover datasets, resulting land cover projections can be directly incorporated into LCD-based models to focus restoration where future climates will support grasslands. Broad organizational cooperation has been critical for this USGS-led project, which uses downscaled climate data and other support from the South Central Climate Science Center Consortium and builds on existing work including LCD efforts of the Playa Lakes Joint Venture and the Bureau of Land Management's Southern Great Plains Rapid Ecological Assessment. Ongoing stakeholder guidance through an advisory team ensures effective application of a product that will be both relevant to and understood by decision makers, for whom the primary role of research is to reduce uncertainties and clear the path for more efficient decision-making in the face of climatic uncertainty.

  16. Promoting Local Innovations: A tool for adaptation to climate change and sustainable development in Mountains

    OpenAIRE

    Mathez-Stiefel, Sarah-Lan; Murti, Radhika

    2014-01-01

    Throughout their history mountain communities have had to adapt to changing environmental and socio-economic conditions. They have developed strategies and specialized knowledge to sustain their livelihoods in a context of adverse climatic events and constant change. As negotiations and discussions on climate change emphasize the critical need for locally relevant and community owned adaptation strategies, there is a need for new tools to capitalize on this local knowledge and endogenous pote...

  17. Building America Top Innovations 2012: Moisture and Ventilation Solutions in Hot, Humid Climates: Florida Manufactured Housing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2013-01-01

    This Building America Top Innovations profile describes work by Building America researchers who visited 24 manufactured home factories between 1996 and 2003 to investigate moisture problems while improving energy efficiency and identified insufficient air sealing and poor HVAC installation as the biggest culprits. One manufacturer reported zero moisture-related issues in 35,000 homes built after implementing Building America recommendations.

  18. Ties with potential: Social network structure and innovative climate in Dutch schools

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    N.M. Moolenaar; A.J. Daly; P.J.C. Sleegers

    2011-01-01

    Background/Context: Similar to the United States, government efforts to improve education in the Netherlands are focused on innovation and the development of collaborative structures to support the generation of new knowledge. However, empirical evidence of the relationship between social linkages a

  19. Innovative household systems based on solid oxide fuel cells for the Mediterranean climate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vialetto, Giulio; Rokni, Masoud; Noro, Marco

    2015-01-01

    .Publication of the 2004/8/EC Directive indicates that cogeneration is considered as a solution to reach the goal of energy efficiency.This paper presents an innovative system based on solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), an air source heat pump (ASHP), and an integration system to cover a part of the heating demand...... of a building. Two different integration systems are proposed: electric heater and condensing boiler. Heat storage is also considered to store waste heat when it is unused. An innovative parameter, the electric equivalent load, is proposed: it has the function of characterizing not only electricity consumption...... but also heating and cooling demands. The aim is to maximize efficiency while minimizing the mismatch between different forms of energy consumption. The proposal is to verify the energy efficiency of the system used to cover energy demands of a residential building located in a Mediterranean area (Trapani...

  20. Innovation and Development in the Age of Climate Change Adaptation: Open or Closed?

    OpenAIRE

    Jost, Dannie

    2013-01-01

    Change Adaptation: Open or Closed? Paper read at the Second African International Economic Law Network Conference, 7-8 March 2013, Wits School of Law, Johannesburg, South Africa. In a time of rapid convergence of technologies, goods, services, hardware, software, the traditional classifications that informed past treaties fail to remove legal uncertainty, or advance welfare and innovation. As a result, we turn our attention to the role and needs of the public domain at the interface ...

  1. Innovative Financial Instruments and mechanisms for financing forest restoration and mitigating climate change: select cases from India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teki Surayya

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Climate Change (CC is universal concern. One of the causes for CC is degradation offorest. World over every minute 22 hectares forest is degraded. Reckonings suggests thatUS$ 11880, funds must be invested every minute to restore the forest.In India Atmospheric pollution has severed in 90’s because of increasedautomobiles and electronic goods. Green car congress reported level of NO2concentration in Delhi ranged 70 - 102 microgram per cm, in 2005. It is argued that theconsumers are capable of meeting part of cost of CC mitigation. Recent survey (Teki,2008 in National Capital Region revealed that 40% of sample preferred to compensatethrough tax on petroleum products, 22 % in investing in forestry bonds, 57% favouredcompulsory investment in bonds. Awareness rate about climate change was 92%, and 88%favoured both technology transitions and economic sanctions for mitigating CC. Evolvinginnovative financing instruments and mechanisms to finance forest restoration andmitigating CC is important.Timber was considered important contribution of forests, as 2% GDP comes toexchequer. NTFPs now considered equally important for forest restoration as 25 – 55% offorest living people survival comes from NTFPs. Forests have innovative financialinstruments like Eco-tourism, to finance forest restoration. Self reliance apart from thegovernment funding and the private funding. Mobilisation of savings, bank finance,creating/strengthening global carbon fund effectively and financing the substitute sectorsare important for restoration of ecological integration and productivity and economic valueof deforested or degraded land. Objectives of paper are: a to assess level and impact offorest degradation and forest restoration in India, b to translate carbon pollution level intomitigating CC, b awareness level of CC in NCR c measure willingness of consumers tocompensate for CC, and d evolve innovative financial instruments and mechanisms tofinance sustainable forest

  2. Signification politique du climat

    OpenAIRE

    Lamizet, Bernard

    2013-01-01

    Le climat fonde une approche politique particulière de l’espace et du temps, en suscitant des représentations particulières se situant dans l’histoire, la mémoire, la prévision et le domaine du développement durable. Le climat représente aussi une forme particulière de limitation des pouvoirs et de représentation de la contrainte dans le discours politique et dans les médias, jusqu’à figurer une forme de violence. Enfin, les significations du climat se situent dans l’inconscient. The notio...

  3. Croissance urbaine et innovations dans les filières vivrières : Cas du maïs et du niébé dans les savanes du Cameroun

    OpenAIRE

    Joël Fofiri Nzossié, Eric; Ndamé, Joseph-Pierre; Temple, Ludovic; Ndjouenkeu, Robert; Simeu Kamdem, Michel

    2008-01-01

    L'accroissement des populations urbaines dans la région soudano sahélienne du Cameroun modifie les stratégies productives sur la diversification des productions vivrières. Le maïs et le niébé comptent parmi les cultures dont le niveau actuel de production est l'un des plus remarquables. Si l'autoconsommation contribue à absorber plus de la moitié de la production suivant les localités et les habitudes alimentaires, les marchés urbains par hypothèse constituent les principaux points d'achemine...

  4. Innovation dans les services et entrepreneuriat : au-delà des conceptions industrialistes et technologistes du développement durable

    OpenAIRE

    Djellal, Faridah; Gallouj, Faïz

    2008-01-01

    The questions of innovation in services, on the one hand, and sustainable development, on the other, are relatively recent concerns for economic theorists and public policymakers alike. They have become key issues, which pose considerable academic, economic and political challenges. However, these two questions, and the problems they raise, have evolved independently of each other. The present article seeks to link them by considering innovation in and by services and innovation-based entrepr...

  5. Colloque annuel de l’Institut des Amériques (IdA) : « Ressources et Innovations dans les Amériques »

    OpenAIRE

    Bentley, Lucile; Monasterolo, Chloé

    2016-01-01

    La treizième édition du colloque annuel de l’Institut des Amériques (IdA) s’est déroulée à l’Université Jean-Jaurès à Toulouse les 14, 15 et 16 octobre 2015. Le thème retenu pour ce colloque était le suivant : Ressources et Innovations dans les Amériques. Se sont donc rassemblés à cette occasion des chercheurs de nationalités et de disciplines très variées s’intéressant aussi bien à l’Amérique latine qu’à l’Amérique du Nord. Cela a permis d’établir à plusieurs reprises des ponts entre les suj...

  6. Innovative Household Systems Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for a Northern European climate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rokni, Masoud; Vialetto, Giulio

    2015-01-01

    Energy saving is an open point in most European countries where energy policies are oriented to reduce the use of fossil fuels, greenhouses emissions and energy independence and to increase the use of renewable energies. In the last several years, new technologies have been developed, and some...... of them received subsidies to increase installation and reduce cost.This article presents an innovative cogeneration system based on a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) systemand heat pump for household applications with a focus on primary energy and economic savings using electric equivalent load parameter...

  7. Bright Farming: An Innovative Approach for Sustainable Socio Ecosystem in Climate Change Scenario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yogranjan

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Mitigating the effects of global climate change brought about by increasing emissions of greenhouse gases has grown to the worldwide sensed challenges. Possible strategies for lessening the ill impacts of agriculture on climate change and in parallels, optimizing overall yield potential of agricultural crops would certainly consider the initiatives for development of varieties having utmost reflectivity with least/no impact on photosynthetic yield. Crops having traits for maximum reflectivity such as specific plant height, leaf inclination, chlorophyll content, waxy leaf hairs, glossiness and/or canopy structural and morphological traits would be comprised in an ideotype. Genetic manipulation of crop reflectivity and/or selection for specific morphology of canopy might be possible using plant breeding however transgenesis for leaf waxy ness or canopy structure could achieve greater temperature reductions and may offer a viable solution to problem.

  8. Innovative Solutions to New Invaders: Managing Agricultural Pests, Diseases and Weeds Under Climate Change

    OpenAIRE

    Nicholls, Trevor; Norgrove, Lindsey; Masters, Greg

    2008-01-01

    Global agriculture is struggling to keep pace with increasing demands for food as human population increases and food preferences alter. Changes in temperature, greenhouse gas concentrations, precipitation patterns and radiation further challenge farmers. Insect and nematode pests, plant diseases and weeds are major constraints to crop production. Developing models to project the potential distribution and abundance of a pest species under various climate change scenarios is essential, and th...

  9. Les mots de la sexualité dans l’arabe de Tripoli (Libye) : désémantisation, grammaticalisation et innovations linguistiques

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, Christophe

    2013-01-01

    Un corpus de conversations spontanées enregistrées en Libye auprès de jeunes célibataires de Tripoli montre un langage trivial en pleine évolution, qui sert autant à parler de sexualité qu’à évoquer des réalités qui n’ont, en soi, rien de sexuel. Des mots tabous reviennent de façon récurrente dans le sociolecte étudié. Les termes zəbb, zəbr, kāțu « bite » et dlāwəz « couilles » entrent dans la construction de locutions interjectives, adverbiales et locutions adjectivales. Le substantif gaḥba ...

  10. The Effect of Organizational Innovative Climate on Employees 'Creative Behavior:The Mechanism of Individual factors and Work Characteristics%组织创新氛围对员工创新行为影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    连欣; 杨百寅; 马月婷

    2013-01-01

    In this study,we explore a mechanism that explains how organizational innovation climate impacts individual innovative behavior.Using the data from 599 employees,we test the relationship among organizational climate for innovation and individual innovative behavior.The major research findings are:(1) organizational climate for innovation has positive and direct influence on individual innovative behavior; (2) 2rganizational climate for innovation could affect individual innovative behavior through intrinsic motivation.(3) task routineness has moderating effect between the organizational climate for innovation and individual innovative behavior.When task routineness is high,the effect of organizational climate to individual innovative behavior becomes week.The results of these studies not only support the theory of organizational climate for innovation strongly,but also provide a good research perspective and bases for follow-up research and in human resource management practices.%通过对493名在职员工的调查,运用结构方程模型和回归分析,验证了组织创新氛围对个体创新行为的影响模型.研究结果表明,组织创新氛围对个体创新行为具有直接影响;组织创新氛围通过内部动机对个体创新行为具有显著的正向影响;工作例行性对组织创新氛围与个体创新行为具有调节作用,当工作例行性程度高时,工作例行性会显著降低理念倡导对个体创新行为的影响,显著增强学习培训对个体创新行为的影响.

  11. Eco-innovation, international trade, WTO and climate: Key issues for an ecological industrial policy. Documentation of a workshop on March 12, 2008

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoppe, Jutta; Kahlenborn, Walter [Adelphi Research, Berlin (Germany); Gather, Corinna (eds.) [Umweltbundesamt, Dessau (Germany)

    2009-01-15

    Within the meeting of the German Federal Environment Agency (Dessau, Federal Republic of Germany) and the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Natural Safety (Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany) at 12th March, 2008, the following reports were held: (a) Trade Policy and Climate Change - An overview from the perspective of an ecological industrial policy (Jutta Hoppe et al.); (b) Kyoto, Post-Kyoto and the WTO (Malena Sell); (c) Climate change, trade and competitiveness (Aaron Cosby, John Drexhage); (d) Unilateral climate policy and implications for trade policy (Susanne Droege); (e) Trade in environmental goods and services relevant to climate-change mitigation: Opportunities and challenges for new industries in the European Union (Mahesh Sugathan); (f) The relevance of WTO activities and rules in the climate change debate (Ludivine Tamiotti); (g) Like-products, energy standards and labelling (Roland Ismer); (h) EC Trade policy and climate challenges: An overview of EC trade policy approaches to climate change (Ditte Juul-Joergensen); (i) Opportunities and constraints for an integrated European climate and trade policy (Ulrich Hoffmann); (j) Climate change, eco-innovation, and EU trade policy: a critical assessment (Daniel Mittler); (k) Resume: Key Issues for an Ecological Industrial policy (Jutta Hoppe, Walter Kahlenborn).

  12. CHASER: An Innovative Satellite Mission Concept to Measure the Effects of Aerosols on Clouds and Climate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renno, N.; Williams, E.; Rosenfeld, D.; Fischer, D.; Fischer, J.; Kremic, T.; Agrawal, A.; Andreae, M.; Bierbaum, R.; Blakeslee, R.; Boerner, A.; Bowles, N.; Christian, H.; Dunion, J.; Horvath, A.; Huang, X.; Khain, A.; Kinne, S.; Lemos, M.-C.; Penner, J.

    2012-04-01

    The formation of cloud droplets on aerosol particles, technically known as the activation of cloud condensation nuclei (CCN), is the fundamental process driving the interactions of aerosols with clouds and precipitation. Knowledge of these interactions is foundational to our understanding of weather and climate. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the Decadal Survey (NRC 2007) indicate that the uncertainty in how clouds adjust to aerosol perturbations dominates the uncertainty in the overall quantification of the radiative forcing attributable to human activities. The Clouds, Hazards, and Aerosols Survey for Earth Researchers (CHASER) mission concept responds to the IPCC and Decadal Survey concerns by studying the activation of CCN and their interactions with clouds and storms. CHASER proposes to revolutionize our understanding of the interactions of aerosols with clouds by making the first global measurements of the fundamental physical entity linking them: activated cloud condensation nuclei. The CHASER mission was conceptualized to measure all quantities necessary for determining the interactions of aerosols with clouds and storms. Measurements by current satellites allow the determination of crude profiles of cloud particle size but not of the activated CCN that seed them. CHASER uses a new technique (Freud et al. 2011; Rosenfeld et al. 2012) and high-heritage instruments to produce the first global maps of activated CCN and the properties of the clouds associated with them. CHASER measures the CCN concentration and cloud thermodynamic forcing simultaneously, allowing their effects to be distinguished. Changes in the behavior of a group of weather systems in which only one of the quantities varies (a partial derivative of the intensity with the desirable quantity) allow the determination of each effect statistically. The high uncertainties of current climate predictions limit their much-needed use in decision-making. CHASER mitigates this

  13. Field Measurements of Perceived Air Quality in the Test-Bed for Innovative Climate Conditioning Technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolarik, Jakub; Toftum, Jørn; Kabrhel, Michal;

    Field measurements of perceived air quality were conducted in an experimental test bed for innovative building technologies situated at the Czech Technical University in Prague. The technologies included photocatalytically active paint, vacuum porous insulation and wall plaster containing phase...... the potential influence of aforementioned technologies on the perceived air quality. Additionally, the effect of Demand Controlled Ventilation (DCV) on the perceived air quality was tested. Measurements comprised of the assessments of perceived air quality and objective measurements of operative temperature......, relative humidity and CO2 concentration. Results showed that the mean sensory pollution load in the tested offices was 0.09±0.02 olf/m2 (mean±SEM). This refers to a low-polluting building according to CEN Report CR 1752. The acceptability of the air quality was worst in unoccupied offices ventilated at 20...

  14. CISBAT 2005 proceedings. Renewables in a changing climate - Innovation in building envelopes and environmental systems; CISBAT 2005 proceedings. Energies renouvelables et climat - Enveloppes et systemes environnementaux innovatifs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scartezzini, J. L. (ed.)

    2005-07-01

    These proceedings include the contributions presented at the 2005 CISBAT conference, held in Lausanne, Switzerland. Hosted by the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL) in Lausanne and jointly organised by the Solar Energy and Buildings Physics Laboratory at the EPFL, Cambridge University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), this international conference looked at 'Innovation in building envelopes and environmental systems'. Along with three keynote presentations on climate change, the use of renewables in the European Union and Swiss policies on solar energy, these 632-page conference proceedings include the conference's 106 presentations grouped in 10 sections. These cover the following topics: Design and renovation of building envelopes (33 contributions); solar collectors (16 contributions); active and passive cooling (9 contributions); indoor environment quality and health (10 contributions); optimisation of daylighting and electric lighting (5 contributions); advanced building control systems (2 contributions); environmental impacts of construction (4 contributions); networks and decentralised energy production (1 contribution); sustainable urban development (12 contributions) and software and new information technologies (14 contributions). Organised each second year, the two-day CISBAT international conference 2005 attracted more than 200 participants from all over the world.

  15. Innovative energy technologies in energy-economy models: assessing economic, energy and environmental impacts of climate policy and technological change in Germany.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schumacher, K.

    2007-04-18

    Energy technologies and innovation are considered to play a crucial role in climate change mitigation. Yet, the representation of technologies in energy-economy models, which are used extensively to analyze the economic, energy and environmental impacts of alternative energy and climate policies, is rather limited. This dissertation presents advanced techniques of including technological innovations in energy-economy computable general equilibrium (CGE) models. New methods are explored and applied for improving the realism of energy production and consumption in such top-down models. The dissertation addresses some of the main criticism of general equilibrium models in the field of energy and climate policy analysis: The lack of detailed sectoral and technical disaggregation, the restricted view on innovation and technological change, and the lack of extended greenhouse gas mitigation options. The dissertation reflects on the questions of (1) how to introduce innovation and technological change in a computable general equilibrium model as well as (2) what additional and policy relevant information is gained from using these methodologies. Employing a new hybrid approach of incorporating technology-specific information for electricity generation and iron and steel production in a dynamic multi-sector computable equilibrium model it can be concluded that technology-specific effects are crucial for the economic assessment of climate policy, in particular the effects relating to process shifts and fuel input structure. Additionally, the dissertation shows that learning-by-doing in renewable energy takes place in the renewable electricity sector but is equally important in upstream sectors that produce technologies, i.e. machinery and equipment, for renewable electricity generation. The differentiation of learning effects in export sectors, such as renewable energy technologies, matters for the economic assessment of climate policies because of effects on international

  16. L'innovation globale et la collaboration interculturelle : les mécanismes organisationnels qui déterminent le partage du savoir dans les entreprises multinationales

    OpenAIRE

    Jensen, Karina

    2012-01-01

    Globalization, time to market, and customer responsiveness present continuous challenges for achieving market innovation across cultures. A cross-cultural and networked business environment has created increased demand for knowledge-sharing within the multinational corporation (MNC). The inability of geographically distributed team members to effectively share and communicate ideas and solutions can result in a lack of product innovation, delayed product introductions, and reduced sales and m...

  17. L’innovation dans les services et par les services: un bilan des travaux français récents (1999-2002)

    OpenAIRE

    Djellal, Faridah; Gallouj, Camal; Gallouj, FaÏz

    2003-01-01

    International audience This survey was carried out for RESER (European Services and Space Network). Its aim is to account for the main academic works devoted to « innovation in services and through services » in France and during the period 1999-2002. Similar surveys were carried out for the main European countries. Our survey is divided into five research programs : 1) the complexity of the relationships between new technologies and services, 2) the specificities of innovation in services...

  18. The Worldviews Network: Innovative Strategies for Increasing Climate and Ecological Literacy in Your Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connolly, R.; Yu, K.; McConville, D.; Sickler, J.; "Irving, Lindsay", L. S.; Gardiner, N.; Hamilton, H.

    2011-12-01

    Informal science Institutions (ISI) are in the unique position to convene and support community dialogues surrounding local ecological impacts of global change. The Worldviews Network-a collaboration between museums, scientists, and community-based organizations-is developing and testing innovative approaches for promoting and encouraging ecological literacy with the American public. In this session, we will share strategies for sparking and sustaining dialogue and action in local communities through high-impact visual presentations and real-world examples of successful projects that are increasing the healthy functioning of regional and global ecosystems. Educating the public about interconnected global change issues can be a daunting task. ISIs can help communities by facilitating dialogues about realistic and regionally relevant approaches for systemically addressing global challenges. Managing the complexity of these challenges requires going far beyond the standard prescriptions for behavior change; it requires inspiring participants with positive examples of system-wide solutions as well as actively involving the audience in scientifically informed design processes. This session will demonstrate how you can implement and sustain these community dialogues, using real-world examples from our partners' national events. We present visualization story templates and a model for facilitating dialogues that can be adapted at your institution. Based on video and written assessment feedback from visitors of our first Worldviews events, we will present initial evaluation findings about the impact that these strategies are having on our audiences and ISI partners. These findings show that engaging the public and NGO partners in sustainability and design dialogues is a powerful way to maintain the relevance of ISIs within their communities.

  19. Presentation of an Innovative Zero-Emission Cycle for Mitigating the Global Climate Change

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philippe Mathieu

    1998-06-01

    Full Text Available In the spectrum of possible options to cope with the global climate change, a novel technology based on the zero CO2 emission MATIANT cycle (contraction of the names of the 2 designers : MATHIEU and IANTOVSKI is presented here. This latter is basically a regenerative gas cycle operating on CO2 as the working fluid and using O2 as the fuel oxidiser in the combustion chambers. The cycle uses the highest temperatures and pressures compatible with the most advanced materials in the steam and gas turbines. In addition, reheat and staged compression with intercooling are used. Therefore the optimized cycle efficiency rises up to around 45% when operating on natural gas. A big asset of the system is its ability to remove totally the CO2 produced in the combustion process in liquid or supercritical state and at high pressure, making it ready for transportation, for reuse or for final storage. It avoids the cost in performance (decrease of efficiency and power output and in money of the CO2 capture by a MEA scrubber. The assets and drawbacks of the cycle are mentioned. The technical issues for the design of a prototype plant are examined.

  20. A climate-change policy induced shift from innovations in carbon-energy production to carbon-energy savings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We develop an endogenous growth model with capital, labor and carbon-energy as production factors and three technology variables that measure accumulated innovations for carbon-energy production, carbon-energy savings, and neutral growth. All markets are complete and perfect, except for research, for which we assume that the marginal social benefits exceed the marginal private benefits by factor four. The model constants are calibrated so that the model reproduces the relevant global trends over the 1970-2000 period. The model contains a simple climate module, and is used to assess the impact of Induced Technological Change (ITC) for a policy that aims at a maximum level of atmospheric CO2 concentration (450 ppmv). ITC is shown to reduce the required carbon tax by more than a factor 2, and to reduce costs of such a policy by half. When we do not constrain aggregate R and D expenditures to benchmark levels, costs are further reduced. Numerical simulations show that knowledge accumulation shifts from energy production to energy saving technology. We discuss reasons for differences between our results and earlier results reported in the literature. (author)

  1. An ‘innovation-cycle framework’ of integrated agricultural knowledge system and innovation for improving farmers’climate change adaptation and risk mitigation capacities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rahman, Md Zillur

    2015-01-01

    The main objective of this paper is to present a new ‘innovation-cycle’ integrated conceptual framework of ‘TVET-adaptive AKSI’ (TVET: Technical and Vocational Education and Training; AKSI: Agricultural Knowledge System and Innovation). Thus the aim here is to discuss from existing body....... Thus the aim of this paper is to explore existing literature to draw an understanding by developing a ‘conceptual framework’ about the urgent need of future ‘Game Changer’ strategy (e.g. Next Frontier of Green Innovation) for the safety and security of rapidly growing population by tackling...

  2. Evaluation of the Impact of the Additional Mass of an Innovative AC System on the Overall Energy Consumption of a Battery Electric Vehicle in Tropical Climate

    OpenAIRE

    Ramachandran, Srikkanth; Subiantoro, Alison; Ooi, Kim Tiow

    2015-01-01

    One of the major issues concerning the inclusion of additional components in vehicle for its efficiency improvement is the increase in mass of the vehicle. The increased mass causes an increased energy demand for propulsion of the vehicle. This paper aims at analyzing the impact of the added mass of an innovative air conditioning system powered by bio-ethanol based auxiliary power unit on the overall energy use of electric vehicles that are designed for the tropical climate of Singapore.

  3. An ‘innovation-cycle framework’ of integrated agricultural knowledge system and innovation for improving farmers’climate change adaptation and risk mitigation capacities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rahman, Md Zillur

    2015-01-01

    The main objective of this paper is to present a new ‘innovation-cycle’ integrated conceptual framework of ‘TVET-adaptive AKSI’ (TVET: Technical and Vocational Education and Training; AKSI: Agricultural Knowledge System and Innovation). Thus the aim here is to discuss from existing body of litera......The main objective of this paper is to present a new ‘innovation-cycle’ integrated conceptual framework of ‘TVET-adaptive AKSI’ (TVET: Technical and Vocational Education and Training; AKSI: Agricultural Knowledge System and Innovation). Thus the aim here is to discuss from existing body...... and the increased risks of safe agricultural food production, sustainable environment and health, it will be unprecedented challenges due to increasing demand for safe food supply for future growing population in Bangladesh. Studies show that producers (farmers) are still lagging behind with lack of necessary...

  4. The research between organizational innovation climate and performance%企业科技创新氛围和绩效的关系分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      本文研究了企业创新氛围通过中介变量——员工创新行为对绩效的影响机制。员工的创新行为会直接影响企业绩效,创新行为除了会受到员工自身特征影响的之外,创新氛围也是其重要影响因素。本文的研究显示,企业创新氛围主要通过员工创新行为的中介作用对绩效产生影响。%This article studies the impact mechanism between the organizational innovation climate and the business performance.Then it explores the intervening variable—the innovative behavior through the buffering effect model.This article reveals that organizational innovation climate impacts more on performance through the intermediation of employee innovative behavior.

  5. Climate, Environment and Early Human Innovation: Stable Isotope and Faunal Proxy Evidence from Archaeological Sites (98-59ka) in the Southern Cape, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Patrick; Henshilwood, Christopher S; van Niekerk, Karen L; Keene, Petro; Gledhill, Andrew; Reynard, Jerome; Badenhorst, Shaw; Lee-Thorp, Julia

    2016-01-01

    The Middle Stone Age (MSA) of southern Africa, and in particular its Still Bay and Howiesons Poort lithic traditions, represents a period of dramatic subsistence, cultural, and technological innovation by our species, Homo sapiens. Climate change has frequently been postulated as a primary driver of the appearance of these innovative behaviours, with researchers invoking either climate instability as a reason for the development of buffering mechanisms, or environmentally stable refugia as providing a stable setting for experimentation. Testing these alternative models has proved intractable, however, as existing regional palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental records remain spatially, stratigraphically, and chronologically disconnected from the archaeological record. Here we report high-resolution records of environmental shifts based on stable carbon and oxygen isotopes in ostrich eggshell (OES) fragments, faunal remains, and shellfish assemblages excavated from two key MSA archaeological sequences, Blombos Cave and Klipdrift Shelter. We compare these records with archaeological material remains in the same strata. The results from both sites, spanning the periods 98-73 ka and 72-59 ka, respectively, show significant changes in vegetation, aridity, rainfall seasonality, and sea temperature in the vicinity of the sites during periods of human occupation. While these changes clearly influenced human subsistence strategies, we find that the remarkable cultural and technological innovations seen in the sites cannot be linked directly to climate shifts. Our results demonstrate the need for scale-appropriate, on-site testing of behavioural-environmental links, rather than broader, regional comparisons. PMID:27383620

  6. Climate, Environment and Early Human Innovation: Stable Isotope and Faunal Proxy Evidence from Archaeological Sites (98-59ka) in the Southern Cape, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keene, Petro; Gledhill, Andrew; Reynard, Jerome; Badenhorst, Shaw

    2016-01-01

    The Middle Stone Age (MSA) of southern Africa, and in particular its Still Bay and Howiesons Poort lithic traditions, represents a period of dramatic subsistence, cultural, and technological innovation by our species, Homo sapiens. Climate change has frequently been postulated as a primary driver of the appearance of these innovative behaviours, with researchers invoking either climate instability as a reason for the development of buffering mechanisms, or environmentally stable refugia as providing a stable setting for experimentation. Testing these alternative models has proved intractable, however, as existing regional palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental records remain spatially, stratigraphically, and chronologically disconnected from the archaeological record. Here we report high-resolution records of environmental shifts based on stable carbon and oxygen isotopes in ostrich eggshell (OES) fragments, faunal remains, and shellfish assemblages excavated from two key MSA archaeological sequences, Blombos Cave and Klipdrift Shelter. We compare these records with archaeological material remains in the same strata. The results from both sites, spanning the periods 98–73 ka and 72–59 ka, respectively, show significant changes in vegetation, aridity, rainfall seasonality, and sea temperature in the vicinity of the sites during periods of human occupation. While these changes clearly influenced human subsistence strategies, we find that the remarkable cultural and technological innovations seen in the sites cannot be linked directly to climate shifts. Our results demonstrate the need for scale-appropriate, on-site testing of behavioural-environmental links, rather than broader, regional comparisons. PMID:27383620

  7. Climate, Environment and Early Human Innovation: Stable Isotope and Faunal Proxy Evidence from Archaeological Sites (98-59ka in the Southern Cape, South Africa.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Roberts

    Full Text Available The Middle Stone Age (MSA of southern Africa, and in particular its Still Bay and Howiesons Poort lithic traditions, represents a period of dramatic subsistence, cultural, and technological innovation by our species, Homo sapiens. Climate change has frequently been postulated as a primary driver of the appearance of these innovative behaviours, with researchers invoking either climate instability as a reason for the development of buffering mechanisms, or environmentally stable refugia as providing a stable setting for experimentation. Testing these alternative models has proved intractable, however, as existing regional palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental records remain spatially, stratigraphically, and chronologically disconnected from the archaeological record. Here we report high-resolution records of environmental shifts based on stable carbon and oxygen isotopes in ostrich eggshell (OES fragments, faunal remains, and shellfish assemblages excavated from two key MSA archaeological sequences, Blombos Cave and Klipdrift Shelter. We compare these records with archaeological material remains in the same strata. The results from both sites, spanning the periods 98-73 ka and 72-59 ka, respectively, show significant changes in vegetation, aridity, rainfall seasonality, and sea temperature in the vicinity of the sites during periods of human occupation. While these changes clearly influenced human subsistence strategies, we find that the remarkable cultural and technological innovations seen in the sites cannot be linked directly to climate shifts. Our results demonstrate the need for scale-appropriate, on-site testing of behavioural-environmental links, rather than broader, regional comparisons.

  8. Responsible innovation

    CERN Document Server

    De Woot, Philippe

    2015-01-01

    Economic development is rooted in disruption, not in equilibrium. And a powerful engine of economic development is innovation; but is this innovation always for the common good? The dark side of the extraordinary dynamism of innovation lies precisely in its destructive power. If simply left to market forces, it could lead to social chaos and great human suffering. To face the challenges of our time, we must create the proper climate and culture to develop strong entrepreneurial drive. But, more than ever, we must give this entrepreneurial drive its ethical and societal dimensions. Responsible innovation means a more voluntary orientation towards the great problems of the 21st century, e.g. depletion of the planet's resources, rising inequality, and new scientific developments potentially threatening freedom, democracy and human integrity. We need to transform our ceaseless creativity into real progress for humankind. In this respect, the rapid development of social innovation opens the door for new methods an...

  9. Pédagogie et apprentissage par projet : cas des projets d'innovation réalisés dans le cadre d'un partenariat industriel

    OpenAIRE

    Claude, Sylvain; Ponchon, Camille; Maison, Marie; Boulon, Pascal; Muniglia, Lionel; Cuq, Bernard

    2015-01-01

    International audience Project-based learning is fully implemented in the curricula of French higher education institutions in agribusiness. For 15 years, twelve institutions have developed operational teaching approaches to integrate in their education curriculum participation of students in the food eco-innovation contest ECOTROPHELIA. Created in 2000, the contest succeeds in mobilizing and facilitating cooperation between higher education and representatives of the food sector to train ...

  10. Un déterminant de l'innovation technique en agriculture : les coordinations sur le travail dans la production bananière

    OpenAIRE

    Temple, Ludovic; Marie, Philippe; Bakry, Frédéric; Joubert, Nelly

    2008-01-01

    Working Paper MOISA Sumary The growth of the international market of the horticultural products is made possible by the globalization of an intensive mode of production in synthetic products which mobilizes salaried workers. In the Antilles changes in technological trajectories enables the consideration of other modes of production. This article brings to light how the technical innovation allowing a decrease in the necessity to use pesticides is dependent on an adaptation of the coordinat...

  11. Climatization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grant, Stephen; Tamason, Charlotte Crim; Jensen, Peter Kjær Mackie

    2015-01-01

    by climate change, in order to reach an intended goal or to distractthe discussion from the real problem which might have a different root course than caused bythe climate change effects. The implications of climatization are currently unclear – particularly to what extent climatizinga disaster might......In recent years, there has been a developing trend of labelling some disasters as ‘climatechange disasters’. In doing so, a discursive phenomenon can emerge that the authors havecoined ‘climatization’ which is specified as framing a disastrous event or degraded environmentalcondition as caused...... in the context of Bangladesh – a country that is expectedto be among the worst affected by climate change and a country in which some peopleclaim the effects of climate change can already be seen. A qualitative field study whichincluded key informant interviews, focus group discussions and a literature review...

  12. Le climat éthique au travail, baromètre de l'éthique dans l'organisation. Une exploration des perceptions des employés dans des entreprises tunisiennes

    OpenAIRE

    Afef Chouaib

    2014-01-01

    This paper suggests exploring the ethical context in Tunisians companies as perceived by employees, through studying the concept of ethical work climate. The results of the qualitative exploratory research, stressed divergent perceptions of the predominant ethical work climate in their organizations. This implies suitable managerial practices and ethical actions.

  13. Global Methodology to Integrate Innovative Models for Electric Motors in Complete Vehicle Simulators Méthodologie générale d’intégration de modèles innovants de moteurs électriques dans des simulateurs véhicules complets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdelli A.

    2011-11-01

    . Comment reduire les emissions moyennes de CO2 des vehicules particuliers a 120 g/km en 2012 et 95 g/km en 2020 comme le prevoit l’accord conclu entre la Commission Europeenne et les constructeurs europeens ? Cette question a reponses multiples preoccupe a l’heure actuelle l’ensemble du monde automobile. L’electrification des vehicules semble etre une des solutions les plus pertinentes, ce qui pousse les constructeurs a envisager des vehicules hybrides de plus en plus innovants. Cette solution, theoriquement tres interessante, complexifie encore un peu plus les groupes moto-propulseurs des vehicules, ce qui necessite l’utilisation d’outils de simulation adequats pour reduire les couts et les durees de developpement. La simulation systeme, outil deja primordial dans le processus de developpement des moteurs a combustion interne, devient alors incontournable. Pour etudier ce type d’architectures hybrides complexes, et a l’instar des modeles physiques developpes pour le moteur a combustion interne, la simulation systeme doit se doter de modeles predictifs comparables pour les machines electriques. Des leurs specifications, ces modeles doivent integrer certaines contraintes tres exigeantes sur les temps de simulation, contrainte garantissant par la suite une plus large utilisation des simulateurs, notamment pour le developpement et la validation de strategies de controle. L’objectif de ce papier est donc de presenter une methodologie generale de developpement de modeles de machines electriques, modeles ayant pour objectif final d’etre integres dans un simulateur vehicule complet. Cette methodologie met en scene differents types de modelisations (modeles elements finis, modeles de caracterisation, modele de simulation permettant un compromis temps de calcul – precision adequat. Cette methodologie a ete deployee avec succes pour la modelisation d’un moteur synchrone a aimants permanents. A l’issue du processus de modelisation, ce dernier a ete integre

  14. Psychological Capital,Goal Orientation and Innovation Behavior——The Effects in Organizational Innovation Climate%心理资本、目标取向与创新行为——组织创新氛围下的两层次多效应研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甄美荣; 朱永跃; 庄晋财; 郭本海

    2015-01-01

    Combining the perspectives of individual level and organizational level, the paper analyzes the interactive effect of organizational innovation climate, phychological capital and goal orientation on innovation behavior. Results show that, or-ganizational innovation climate has positivly and significantly effects on innovation behavior;phychological capital has signifi-cant mediating effect between organizational innovation climate and innovation behavior;prove goal orientation which is media-ted by psychological capital, has negative moderating effect on the ralationship of organizational innovation climate and innova-tion behavior, and which is same to avoid goal orientation;leaning goal orientation's moderating effect is not significant.%基于个体层次和组织层次的双重视角研究心理资本、目标取向在组织创新氛围下对创新行为的影响. 通过368名在职员工的数据分析表明:组织创新氛围与个体创新行为呈显著正相关关系;心理资本在此关系中起完全中介作用;证明目标取向和回避目标取向在此关系中通过心理资本起反向调节作用;学习目标取向的调节作用没有得到验证.

  15. Les territoires fragiles dans la région alpine : une proposition de lecture entre innovation et marginalité

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federica Corrado

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Cet article propose une lecture et une description des territoires alpins fragiles, en jetant un autre regard, où le concept de fragilité est associé à celui de handicap, c’est-à-dire un autre regard sur l’identification des potentiels locaux spécifiques qui peuvent être encore activés à travers une force créatrice propre aux Alpes. La lecture est effectuée en fonction des territoires alpins fragiles qui font partie des provinces de Turin et Coni et se base sur une analyse empirique des initiatives qui enclenchent en quelque façon des dynamiques micro-territoriales de développement innovant.The paper proposes a reading and description of fragile Alpine areas that overturns the conventional standpoint, according to which marginality is often synonymous with handicap. The paper starts form a different point of view, able to recognize specific local potentialities that can still be activated with a specific creative effort. The reading regards fragile Alpine areas in the Provinces of Turin and Cuneo and is based on an empirical analysis of the actions underlying current micro-territorial innovative development trends.

  16. Climate-related Indicators and Data Provenance: Evaluating Coupled Boundary Objects for Science, Innovation, and Decision-Making

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiggins, A.; Young, A.; Brody, C.; Gerst, M.; Kenney, M. A.; Lamoureux, A.; Rice, A.; Wolfinger, F.

    2015-12-01

    Boundary object theory focuses on the role of artifacts, such as indicator images, in translation and communication across the boundaries of social groups. We use this framework for understanding how data can communicate across contexts to answer the question: Can coupling climate-related indicators with data provenance support scientific innovation and science translation? To address this question we conducted a study to understand the features and capabilities necessary for indicators and data provenance for scientific uses, using the recently online-released U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) Indicators and Global Change Information System (GCIS) as linked boundary objects. We conducted semi-structured interviews with professional researchers in which we asked the researchers to explore and describe what they observed that was useful or frustrating for a subset of the USGCRP Indicators, related GCIS content, and other similar indicator and metadata websites. Participants found these sites' navigation and the labeling and description of their assets frustrating and confusing, but were able to clearly articulate the metadata and provenance information they needed to both understand and trust the indicators. In addition to identifying desired features that are likely to be specific to this audience (e.g., references or citations for indicators), scientists wanted clear, easier-to-access provenance information of the type usually recommended for documenting research data. Notably, they felt the information would be best presented in a fashion accessible to a broader audience, as those with more technical expertise should be able to infer additional contextual details given the provenance information that they had identified as key. Such results are useful for the improvement of indicator systems, such as the prototype released by USGCRP. We note in particular that the consistency of responses across the multi-disciplinary sample, which included scholars in

  17. Psychological Contract,Organizational Innovation Climate and the Scientific and Technical Personnel's Innovation Performance%心理契约、组织创新气候与科技人才创新绩效

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易蓉; 周学军

    2015-01-01

    Based on the scientific and technical personnel’s innovation performance as our research object ,we collected the scientific and technical activation data of the manufacturing industry above designated size during the period from 2000 to 2012 ,we constructed the explicit index systems of psychological contract ,organizational innovation climate and the scientif‐ic and technical personnel’s innovation performance ,and investigate the relationship among these systems .The empirical research indicates that there exists the significant characteristic of transactional psychological contract between the scientif‐ic and technical personnel and the manufacturing industry’s enterprises ,and there also exists the balanced psychological contract between these enterprises and the senior talent .The influence on the innovation performance shows different man‐ifestation by these factors in organizational innovation climate ,R&D investment and government support have positive effect on the performance ,the effect of technology acquisition ,market and technological competition have just the opposite influence .Eventually ,some correlative suggestions for improving the efficiency of technology talents have been put for‐w ard .%以我国制造业科技人才创新绩效为研究对象,采集了2000—2012年规模以上制造业科技活动统计面板数据,构建了心理契约、创新气候与科技人才创新绩效的显性指标体系,并研究了三者之间的关系。研究发现:制造业科技人才与企业之间显现出交易型心理契约特征,高级人才与企业之间显现出平衡型心理契约特征;组织创新气候各因素对科技人才创新绩效影响各不相同,研发投入和政府支持力度为正向效应,技术引进、市场和技术竞争为负向效应。

  18. L’innovation dans les relations sino-américaines : le cas des droits de la propriété intellectuelle Innovation in U.S.-China Relations: The Example of Intellectual Property Rights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliette Bourdin

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Over the last decade, innovation has become an essential strategical element and a key to competitiveness for all the countries now ruled by the “knowledge economy.” In order to maintain its leading position, the United States has managed to impose its own intellectual property rights (IPR regime on the rest of the world through the TRIPS agreements. Although China is now part of the World Trade Organization, IPR infringements are still widespread throughout the country which has become Washington’s main target in its fight to protect intellectual property rights. The IPR question is fundamental for the United States both because of the supposedly tremendous loss of expected earnings and because the future of U.S. society, whose socio-economic organization has been modified by the knowledge economy, will increasingly depend upon the respect of intellectual property rights.

  19. Mu dança com máscaras de inovação Changes with a mask of innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Lucia Sabongi De Rossi

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Pretendo refletir, a partir de fontes selecionadas, sobre algumas armadilhas conceituais decorrentes do par antigo/moderno (que posteriormente engendrou o inovador, no jogo dialético da modernidade, que revela o substrato temporal da mudança, envolta numa obra de falsos extremos. Destaco algumas de suas decorrências no processo modernizador da educação básica brasileira, em sua interação com a latino-americana, na busca de uma visão mais equilibrada do efeito homogeneizador das reformas educativas, tão caras às políticas de modernização conservadoras. Depois, apresento alguns resultados das pesquisas acerca dos fundamentos (desmobilizadores de educadores nos processos de construção de projetos pedagógicos emancipadores e faço um breve alinhavo acerca do sentido único das políticas velozes que reprimem o tempo público de reflexão e de mudança.Based on selected sources, I explore some conceptual traps stemming from the ancient-modern opposition (that latter yielded innovation within the dialectical game of modernity. They reveal the temporal substratum of changes, enveloped in a work of false extremes. I then highlight some of their impacts on the modernizing process of the Brazilian basic education, and on its integration with Latino-America. This gives us a better balanced view of the homogenizing effect of the educational reforms, so dear to conservative modernizing policies. Next, I present some research results on the (demobilizing foundations of educators in the elaboration of emancipating pedagogical projects. I finally submit a brief outline of the quick policies that repress the public time of though and changes to show how one-way they are.

  20. 中国企业组织创新氛围的结构和测量%Development of an Instrument Measuring Innovative Climate in Chinese Organizations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨百寅; 连欣; 马月婷

    2013-01-01

      采用实证研究方法对中国企业组织创新氛围的维度及测量进行研究。采用开放式问卷收集了555条描述,归类分析表明,中国情境下企业的组织创新氛围包括8个方面,并在此基础上形成开放式问卷。283份有效问卷的探索性因子分析表明,组织创新氛围是一个8因素的结构,包括:理念倡导、市场引导、评价激励、学习培训、沟通合作、典型示范、资源保障和授权支持。8因素又从属于更高阶的潜变量:价值导向、制度激励和人际互动。来自24家企业493份有效问卷的验证性因子分析验证了组织创新氛围的结构效度,内部一致性分析和回归分析的结果也表明,量表具有较好的信度和效度。%Based on literature review and grounded theory research method, this paper reports a series of studies designed to identify dimensions innovative climate in Chinese organizations. In the first study, the critical behavior incidents of innovative climate were collected using open-ended questionnaire. A total of 555 items was generated by 43 part-time MBA students. Eight categories were emerged with inductive method including value advocation, market orientation, appraisal and motivation, training and learning, communication and cooperation, resources ensur-ing, example demonstration, empowerment and support. In the second study, 283 part-time MBA students consist-ed of the sample and exploratory factor analysis (EFA) were employed to identify the construct of the Chinese measurement of innovative climate. In the third study, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was applied to test the validity of the measure using a sample of 493 employees from 24 companies. The scale of innovative climate in Chinese companies had high reliability estimates and acceptable evidences for construct validity. The implications of new scale of innovative climate in Chinese firms were discussed together with other scales

  1. Exploring recent and projected climate change in a steep monsoonal catchment in the middle Himalaya through innovative synthesis of local observations, gridded datasets and community engagement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forsythe, Nathan; Pritchard, Davis; Tiwari, Prakash; Fowler, Hayley; Kumaun, Bhagwati

    2016-04-01

    Under the auspices of an "Innovation Partnerships" programme research exchange grant jointly funded by the India Department of Science and Technology and the British Council, Kumaun University and Newcastle University have been collaboratively exploring the recorded historical and projected future climate change implications for a case study catchment, the Ramgad river, in the Kumaon Lesser Himalaya (Uttarakhand state, India). This work weaves together diverse research strands with the aim of producing a coherent thorough characterisation of the impacts of recent/on-going and likely climate evolution on local communities. Participatory research activities in multiple villages in the case study catchment have yielded a consistent narrative of changes posed by the increasingly erratic monsoonal rainfall as well as upward displacement and replacement crops in their historical elevation ranges due to temperature change. Multi-decadal climate records from both local observations and global meteorological records reveal a more complex picture with strong seasonal asymmetry of changes in both temperature and precipitation: a) trend analysis shows mild weakening of the early phase (May, July) but strengthen in the later stages (August, September); b) temperature trends show much stronger warming in late winter and early spring (February to April) than the rest of the year with additional asymmetry in both sign and magnitude of change between individual components (Tmax, Tmin) of the diurnal temperature cycle. On-going research seeks to associate this asymmetry with causal mechanisms (cloud radiative effect, atmospheric circulation). Analysis of historical records will provide the basis for validation and assessment of individual regional climate model projections from the CORDEX South Asia domain ensemble. For the terraced agricultural communities of the Kumaon Himalaya, the most directly consequential effects of climate variability and change are impacts on crop yields

  2. Modeling and experimental study of heat transfer in innovate building components for industrial production; Modelisation et etude experimentale des echanges de chaleur dans des composants innovants de batiment industriels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lacena-Neildez, A.

    2000-05-15

    The main objective of the thesis is the study of a new roof thermal behaviour with the thermal transfer by radiation and convection in order to propose an alternative to the mechanical air-conditioning in the overseas islands, and to determine the way of improving the energy performance. Two fundamental results were obtained. First, the coating has a great importance in relation with the radiative properties. Secondly, air channel geometries can complete insufficient coatings in their cooling purpose. In this thesis, both experimental and modelling analyses were carried out. A solar simulator was used for the experiment to carry out a comparative study of prototypes. A performance indicator was defined; it is the eliminated flux, because the temperature is not sufficient to describe the heat exchange. At the same time, the radiative properties of coatings were measured and a characterisation of paints allows to start a new research of innovative infrared reflective paints. A mono-dimensional model was developed describing thermal exchanges in an air channel component. A sensibility study was carried out which allows to determine the main parameters. The experimental study validated the model in rear flux, more realistic than stagnation. Finally, the feasibility of this new steel component was concluded by a technical-economical study. (author)

  3. 组织创新氛围研究对我国护理发展的启示%Research of organizational innovative climate and its enlightenment to Chinese nursing development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱艳; 章雅青

    2014-01-01

    The literature search was performed in the EBSCO, JSTOR, Springer, Pub Med, Google Scholar, Wan fang and CNKI databases with the key words of“climate for innovation""creative climate", or"creative work environment". This paper reviewed the development of concept, major scales and instruments of organizational innovative climate (OIC) in recent two decades. The OIC's application effect and its signiifcance to Chinese nursing development were expounded. It also pointed out that nursing manager should create a good innovative climate for nurses to promote nursing innovation management.%本文以“climate for innovation”“creative climate”“creative work environment”“创新(造)氛围”“创新(造)气氛”等为关键词,分别在EBSCO、JSTOR、Springer、Pubmed、GoogleScholar、万方与CNKI等数据库中进行文献检索,回顾了国内外组织创新氛围的概念、维度和主要测量工具的发展,重点阐述了组织创新氛围的应用效果及其对我国护理发展的启示,提示护理管理者应注重培育良好的组织创新氛围,为提升护理创新管理提供科学依据。

  4. EVALUATION DE LA DESCRIPTION DES NUAGES DANS LES MODÈLES DE CLIMAT À PARTIR DES OBSERVATIONS SATELLITALES DE L'A-TRAIN

    OpenAIRE

    Konsta, Dimitra

    2010-01-01

    Climate models have progressed a lot in the representation of clouds. Nevertheless the cloud response and the cloud feedback remain very different from one model to another, and they still constitute a major limitation to the reliability of climate change projections due to anthropogenic forcing. It is therefore imperative to improve the representation of cloud processes in models. The evaluation of clouds description requires accurate observations. Until recently, observations of several fun...

  5. La microphysique des cirrus a l'echelle du globe : Correlation avec les proprietes atmospheriques et meilleure representation dans les modeles de climat.

    OpenAIRE

    Eddounia, Fadoua

    2004-01-01

    Les nuages jouent un rôle capital dans la modulation des échanges énergétiques du système terre-atmosphère. En effet, ils réfléchissent une partie du rayonnement solaire contribuant ainsi au refroidissement de l'atmosphère, et ils piègent une partie du rayonnement infrarouge terrestre contribuant ainsi au réchauffement de la terre. La compétition entre ces deux effets opposés est gouvernée par les propriétés physiques et microphysiques des nuages. En général, les nuages bas avec leurs faibles...

  6. Effect of Team Leadership on Job Satisfaction in Innovation Teams of Universities:the Mediating Effects of Team Climate for Innovation%高校创新团队的领导力对工作满意度的影响:团队创新氛围的中介作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘慧; 张亮

    2013-01-01

    在高校学科创新情境下,探讨交易型领导力、转换型领导力和团队创新氛围对团队工作满意度的影响。对43个创新团队的研究结果证明,转换型领导力与团队创新氛围有正向关系,交易型领导力与团队创新氛围有负向关系;两种类型的领导力都与团队工作满意度正相关,团队创新氛围在这种关系中起中介作用。研究结果揭示了两种类型的领导力、团队创新气氛和团队工作满意度之间的关系和作用方式。%In the context of innovation teams of universities,the study explores the effect of transactional leadership,trans-formational leadership and team climate for innovation on team’ s job satisfaction. The research results of 43 innovative teams prove that transformational leadership and team climate for innovation are positively correlated,and transactional leadership and team climate for innovation are negatively correlated. Both two types of leadership show direct influence on team work satisfaction,and team climate for innovation mediates this relationship. Our model reveals the relations and the roles of leadership,team climate for innovation and team job satisfaction. The empirical results offer substantial support for this hypothesis.

  7. 组织创新气氛的研究进展与展望%An Introduction of Researches and Theory of Organizational Innovation Climate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雁飞; 朱瑜

    2006-01-01

    组织创新气氛(organizational innovation climate)是组织成员对组织环境创新特性的一致性认知.在文献研究的基础上,文章从组织创新气氛的概念与形成、结构与测量、组织创新气氛与创新绩效的关系等方面,对国内外组织创新气氛研究进行了归纳概括,指出了该研究领域存在的问题,并提出了一些具体的改善建议.

  8. Evaluasi Sistem Monitoring dan Penertiban Frekuensi dan Perangkat Telekomunikasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amry Daulat Gultom

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Spektrum Frekuensi Radio merupakan Sumber Daya Alam yang terbatas, yang dalam hal pengelolaannya memberikan dampak strategis dan ekonomis bagi kesejahteraan masyarakat. Direktorat Jenderal (Ditjen Sumber Daya dan Perangkat Pos dan Informatika (SDPPI Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika merupakan Lembaga Pengelola Spektrum Frekuensi Radio yang diakui International Telecommunication Union (ITU sebagai Administrasi Telekomunikasi, mewakili Indonesia dalam konferensi internasional dan regional di bidang pengelolaan spektrum frekuensi radio. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengevaluasi kondisi penyelenggaraan monitoring dan penertiban frekuensi dan perangkat telekomunikasi, serta menghasilkan konsep strategi guna  peningkatan penyelenggaraan monitoring dan penertiban frekuensi dan perangkat  telekomunikasi.  Penelitian  ini  menggunakan  teknik analisis data kuantitatif SWOT dan menghasilkan 5 (lima strategi utama yaitu pemanfaatan cakupan wilayah, optimalisasi SDM dan penyetaraan organisasi, optimalisasi gedung dan perangkat, peningkatan sistem administrasi dan pelaporan, perbaikan sistem penanganan kasus.

  9. 适应气候变化技术体系的集成创新机制%Integrated Innovation Mechanism of Technology System for Adaptation to Climate Change

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘韬; 刘玉洁; 张九天; 王文涛

    2012-01-01

    适应是应对气候变化的主要方式之一,适应技术体系的集成创新是适应气候变化行动的关键内容.在不同层面建立适应气候变化技术的集成创新机制,构建不同部门或区域适应气候变化技术的集成创新体系是我国实现有效应对气候变化的必要途径.本文解析了“适应气候变化技术体系的集成创新”的内涵,即不同适应主体和部门对各种适应技术进行选择、优化、配置,相互之间以最合理的结构形式结合在一起,形成一个由适宜要素组成的、优势互补的、匹配的有机体系,从而使适应技术体系的整体功能发生质变的一种自主创新过程.集成创新可以使适应气候变化不同主体或部门的资源、技术、能力等实现重新组合并且优化,进而增强适应气候变化的效果.提出了我国适应气候变化技术体系集成创新机制,包括:适应气候变化技术的整合集成机制、适应气候变化技术的科技创新机制、适应气候变化主体的组织机制、适应气候变化部门的协同合作机制,以及适应气候变化的资金机制.整合是适应气候变化技术实现集成的重要手段,科技创新是适应技术创新研发的主体力量,组织机制是实现集成创新的体制基础,协同是实现适应技术集成创新的关键保障,资金机制是集成创新的物质基础.最后指出应对气候变化的适应技术体系需要充分发挥集成创新的力量,从不同层面的适应主体的组织机制开始,充分整合适应气候变化技术体系,发挥不同适应部门的协同机制,建立完善的国家适应气候变化科技创新机制,同时合理利用资金机制,从而建立完善的适应气候变化技术的集成创新机制.%Taking adaptation measures is an important way to address global climate change. The integrated innovation of the adaptation technology system is one of the key elements to carry out climate change

  10. 创业导向对员工创新行为影响的跨层次实证研究——以创新氛围和心理授权为中介变量%A cross- level empirical research on the impact of entrepreneurial orientation on employee innovative behavior-- innovative climate and psychological empowerment as mediator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋典; 袁勇志; 张伟炜

    2011-01-01

    探讨了宏观层面的创业导向、创新氛围变量对微观层面雇员心理授权与创新行为变量的影响,在对52家企业260名员工就创业导向、创新氛围、心理授权与创新行为等变量数据调研的基础上,应用跨层次分析表明:创业导向有助于组织创新氛围的构建,而创新氛围会提升员工的心理授权和创新行为表现,且心理授权是创新氛围与员工创新行为的部分跨层次中介变量。这些结论有助于更好地理解创业导向向组织绩效转换的中间机制。%This study explores the impact of macro level variables of entrepreneurial orientation, innovation and climate on the micro - level variables of employee psychological empowerment and innovative behavior, based on the survey 260 employees within 52 enterprises with the use of cross - level model, results show entrepreneurial orientation can help build innovative climate within organization, innovative climate will enhance employee psychological empowerment and stimulate employee innovative behavior, and then psychological empowerment is a partial cross -level mediator between innovative climate and employee innovative behavior. These findings give us a better understanding of conversion mechanism from entrepreneurial orientation to organizational performance.

  11. Reliance, liance et alliance : opérationnalité des concepts dans l'analyse du climat socio-relationnel de groupes restreints d'apprentissage en ligne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Jacques Quintin

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available La recherche que nous présentons ici se donne pour but de mesurer le lien entre le "climat socio-relationnel" d'un groupe restreint engagé dans un travail collaboratif en ligne et la qualité des travaux collectifs produits. La démarche méthodologique adoptée, basée sur une analyse des échanges asynchrones entre les membres d'un groupe, nous permet d'aboutir à un modèle opératoire qui fait état des composantes du "climat socio-relationnel" susceptibles d'expliquer les résultats d'apprentissage obtenus. Deux notions – dérivées du concept sociologique de reliance – seront mobilisées : la liance et l'alliance. La première rend compte de la qualité de la relation (la chaleur, l'intimité, les émotions… qui se crée entre les interlocuteurs au cours de leurs échanges asynchrones. La seconde traduit la manière dont les participants confortent leur contrat d'association en vue de la réalisation du travail commun, afin de répondre aux exigences pédagogiques fixées. Les résultats de cette recherche montrent que, dans notre situation d'étude, le modèle de la reliance explique une part substantielle de la qualité moyenne des produits de l'apprentissage collectif et possède une homogénéité interne non négligeable. Ces éléments concourent à étayer l'assise conceptuelle et le caractère opératoire du modèle présenté.The aim of the research we are presenting here is to measure the link between the "socio-relational climate" of a small group in a collaborative work environment and the quality of the collective work they provide. The methodological approach adopted, based on an analysis of the asynchronous exchanges between members of a group, allows us to find a procedure that takes stock of some components of "socio-relational climate" that could account for the results in terms of learning. Two notions – derivatives of the sociological concept "reliance" – will be called upon: "liance" and "alliance". The

  12. Optimization of the design of the installation. Part 4. Optimization and innovation of climate installations; Het optimaliseren van het installatieontwerp. Deel 4. Optimaliseren en innoveren van klimaatintallaties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmitz, H. [Verwol Klimaatplafonds, Rotterdam (Netherlands)

    2007-11-15

    In a series of articles attention will be paid to optimization and innovation of climate installations. The first article dealt with the determination and formulation of performance demands, laid down in a programme of requirements. In the second article attention was paid to the design and dimensioning of a process flow diagram for accurate air conditioning of a building. In the third article the focus is on thermal comfort and in this article attention is paid to the design of the climate installation. [Dutch] In een serie van artikelen wordt aandacht besteed aan het optimaliseren en innoveren van klimaatinstallaties. Het eerste artikel ging over de vaststelling van de prestatie-eisen, vastgelegd in een adequaat programma van eisen. Het tweede artikel behandelde het programma van eisen (PvE) en het ontwerpen en dimensioneren van een processtroomdiagram voor een adequate luchtbehandeling van een gebouw. In deel 3 werd aandacht besteed aan het dimensioneren van de comfortinstallatie op ruimteniveau. In dit artikel wordt ingegaan op verdere optimalisering van de gehele (of onderdelen van de) klimaatinstallatie met formele berekeningsalgoritmen.

  13. Fostering Climate Change Adaptation and Innovation in the Water Resources Sector in the U.S. West: the Carpe Diem West Academy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartmann, H.; Morino, K.; Tiege, K.; Wiltshire, K.

    2013-12-01

    Resource managers face a confusing and often overwhelming plethora of evolving tools and methods for considering climate change in planning and management. Many tools require substantial investments in data gathering, analysis, or stakeholder engagement. Many address only pieces of the climate change adaptation challenge without clear interconnection. Irreducible uncertainties associated with climate change call for an iterative approach to risk management using a mix of tools and methods matched to the stage of risk management being addressed, the specific issues and time scales of relevance, the resources available for planning, desired characteristics for stakeholder engagement, and decision making roles. We integrated several organizing frameworks into an interactive ';toolbox', the Carpe Diem West Academy (carpediemwestacademy.org). It reviews and characterizes over decision support tools and training resources, developed by others, that are useful for water resources planning and management, including consideration of interconnections with other resources such as energy and ecosystem services. Academy users are supported through a variety of approaches, at a scale that is practical to sustain, that fosters shared learning about tools and their application in adaptation efforts, and that can support establishment of best practices for incorporating uncertainty and climate change. The Academy's webinar series connects water resources practitioners, methodology experts, tool designers, and webinar participants in candid discussion about specific management challenges, best practices, communication of results to executive boards and the public, costs and effectiveness of analysis efforts, and first steps to getting started. Topics covered over our two-year series include: iterative risk management, robust decision making, vulnerability assessment, scenario planning, downscaling climate projections, watershed valuation, and effective messaging. We provide "Tool

  14. Effect of goal orientation in team on innovative climate and innovation performance%团队中的目标取向对创新气氛与创新绩效影响的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张文勤; 王瑛

    2011-01-01

    Effective teams are important cornerstones of successful organizations, especially for those organization operating in dynamic environments.Based on the preliminary conclusions derived from the research on the Goal Orientation (GO) theory, a theoretical model in which the team climate (TC) were included is proposed to examine the relationship between the GO and innovation performance.Seventy teams including 70 team leaders and 352 team members are investigated.Empirical results show that the dimensions of team GO and leader GO have different effect on the team innovation performance, and TC play a partially mediative role on this effect; team learning GO and leader avoiding failure GO have cross - effect on the innovation performance.Limitations and suggestions for future research are discussed.%当代企业的发展越来越依赖于创新型员工与创新型团队,影响团队创新绩效的主要因素一直是研究者关注的热点.本文以企业中的工作团队为研究对象,将团队创新气氛因素纳入到团队层次目标取向对创新绩效影响的研究中.通过对70个团队样本(70个团队主管,352个团队成员)的调查分析,得出实证研究结果:团队目标取向与主管目标取向的各维度对团队创新绩效会产生不同的影响,团队创新气氛在该影响过程中扮演了部分中介功能;团队学习目标取向与主管回避失败取向对团队创新绩效具有交互作用.最后讨论了本研究的结论、局限性及展望.

  15. Integrating Climate Change Factors into Environmental Planning Innovation of the National 12th Five Year Development Plan towards Climate Change in China%Integrating Climate Change Factors into Environmental Planning Innovation of the National 12th Five Year Development Plan towards Climate Change in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Xiao; Li Yangfan; Yin Rongyao; Sun Xiang; Zhu Xiaodong

    2011-01-01

    Effects on sustainable development of climate change have been going further nowadays. National Five Year Development Plan in China should have specific policies on how to take climate change impacts into account through the environmental planning. Key fields distribute in three levels of natural bearing capacity, production system and human settlements, and include seven aspects: ecosystems, water resources, disasters and risks, low-carbon economy, vulnerable departments, urbanization, and coastland.

  16. Innovative Urban Water Management as a Climate Change Adaptation Strategy: Results from the Implementation of the Project “Water Against Climate Change (WATACLIC”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Pollastri

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The excessive use of water is damaging European groundwater and rivers: their environmental conditions are often below the “good status” that—according to Water Framework Directive 2000/60—should be reached by 2015. The already critical situation is tending to get worse because of climate change. Even in water rich countries, urban wastewater is still one of the main sources of water pollution. Currently, urban soil sealing and “conventional” rainwater management, which were planned to quickly move rainwater away from roofs and streets, are increasing the flood risk. “Green” technologies and approaches would permit a reduction in water abstraction and wastewater production while improving urban hydrological response to heavy rains. The Life+ WATACLIC project has been implemented to promote such sustainable technologies and approaches in Italy, however the results show huge difficulties: apparently water saving and sustainable urban water management have only low interest amongst the general public and even with public administrations and the relevant industrial sectors. In such a cultural and technical context, the project is bringing a new point of view to public debate. In the long term, the project will certainly have a positive impact, but most likely it will require more time than initially expected.

  17. How to account for irreversibility in integrated assessment of climate change?; Comment tenir compte de l'irreversibilite dans l'evaluation integree du changement climatique?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ha Duong, M

    1998-04-15

    How to account for irreversibility in integrated assessment of climate change? This Ph. D. thesis in Economics balances discounting, technical progress and the inertia of existing capital stock against uncertainty and the inertia of socio-economic systems to examine the issue of near term limitations of greenhouse gases emissions. After a general overview in chapter 2, and a more historical presentation of the debates in chapter 3, chapter 4 proceeds to review a large number of integrated assessment models. Chapter 5 introduces a Model on the Dynamics of Inertia and Adaptability of energy systems: DIAM, used to discuss how much previous studies might have overestimated the long term costs of CO{sub 2} limitations and underestimated adjustment costs. It shows that, given a target date for atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentration stabilisation, a higher inertia implies a lower optimal concentration trajectory. In a sequential decision framework, chapter 6 shows that current uncertainties about which CO{sub 2} concentration ceiling would not present dangerous interference with the climate system justifies precautionary action. Finally, chapter 7 uses the irreversibility effect theory to define formally situations of decision under controversy and compare the irreversibility of CO{sub 2} accumulation with the irreversibility of investments needed to moderate it. An option value for greenhouse gases emissions limitations is computed. (author)

  18. Keratoacanthoma Dan Perawatannya

    OpenAIRE

    Indah Heriyanti

    2008-01-01

    Keratoacanthoma adalah suatu tumor jinak yang berasal dari jaringan epitel dan biasanya di jumpai pada permukaan kulit yang umumnya terjadi pada bagian kulit yang sering terkena sinar matahari dimana tumor ini dapat sembuh dengan spontan. Lesi ini biasanya berawal sebagai makula yang kecil yang berwarna merah dan kemudian menjadi papula yang kokoh dan bersisik pada permukaanya. Papul ini dengan cepat membesar selama 2 sampai 8 minggu. Pada awalnya berbentuk bulat atau oval,kokoh menonjol ...

  19. DEPRESI DAN GANGGUAN TIDUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wayan Eko Radityo

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Depresi merupakan gangguan mood berupa kesedihan yang intens, berlangsung dalamwaktu lama, dan mengganggu kehidupan normal yang insidennya semakin meningkatseiring dengan meningkatnya tekanan hidup. Tahun 2020, depresi diperkirakanmenempati urutan kedua penyakit di dunia. Gejala-gejala depresi terdiri dari gangguanemosi, gangguan kognitif, keluhan somatik, gangguan psikomotor, dan gangguanvegetatif. Salah satu gejala depresi yang muncul adalah gangguan tidur yang bisaberupa insomnia, bangun secara tiba-tiba, dan hipersomnia. Hal ini disebabkan olehgangguan neurotransmiter dan regulasi hormon. Selain sebagai gejala depresi, gangguantidur juga bisa merupakan penyebab depresi. Beberapa penelitian memberikanhubungan gangguan tidur dapat meningkatkan risiko depresi di kemudian hari.

  20. SLC summer 2010 university - The ocean in the climate-energy problem, urban policies. Proceedings; Universite d'ete 2010 SLC - L'Ocean dans la problematique Climat-Energie, politiques urbaines. Recueil des presentations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-09-15

    This document brings together the available presentations given at the summer 2010 university of the SLC (save the climate) organization on the topics of the ocean in the climate-energy problem, and of the urban policies. Nine presentations (slides) are compiled in this document and deal with: 1 - Biofuels made from micro-algae: stakes and challenges (Olivier Bernard, Comore - INRIA /CNRS/UPMC); 2 - The energy of waves (Alain Clement, Ecole Centrale de Nantes); 3 - The sea, new source of renewable energies? (J.J. Herou, EDF CIH); 4 - Oceans acidification: the other CO{sub 2} problem (James Orr, Pierre Simon Laplace Institute - IPSL, Laboratory of climate and environmental Sciences - LSCE, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ); 5 - Oceans and carbon cycle (Laurent Bopp, IPSL/LSCE); 6 - Renewable marine energies (Yann-Herve De Roeck, France Energies Marines); 7 - Energy renovation of buildings (Jean-Claude Terrier, Mesac Europe); 8 - Modevur research project - Modeling of urban development, sketch of a development typology of chinese cities (Clement-Noel Douady); 9 - Urban areas in the fight against climate change: stakes, knowledge and controversies (Francois Menard, PUCA)

  1. Teams as innovative systems: multilevel motivational antecedents of innovation in R&D teams.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Gilad; Farh, Jiing-Lih; Campbell-Bush, Elizabeth M; Wu, Zhiming; Wu, Xin

    2013-11-01

    Integrating theories of proactive motivation, team innovation climate, and motivation in teams, we developed and tested a multilevel model of motivators of innovative performance in teams. Analyses of multisource data from 428 members of 95 research and development (R&D) teams across 33 Chinese firms indicated that team-level support for innovation climate captured motivational mechanisms that mediated between transformational leadership and team innovative performance, whereas members' motivational states (role-breadth self-efficacy and intrinsic motivation) mediated between proactive personality and individual innovative performance. Furthermore, individual motivational states and team support for innovation climate uniquely promoted individual innovative performance, and, in turn, individual innovative performance linked team support for innovation climate to team innovative performance. PMID:23565898

  2. KAJIAN FILOSOFIS-HISTORIS HUBUNGAN NEGARA DAN AGAMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armaidy Armawi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The issue of the relation between state and religion as socio-politic phenomena in Indonesia has been up and down in the Indonesian history. Therefore, it can be said as a latent issue in the life of the nation and state. This study employs the theory of ideological-philosophical transformation of Pancasila as anthropological basis of the nature of mono-pluralist human beings. In order to discuss the issue in the historical-philosophical approach, analysis and synthesis methods together with verstehen, interpretation and hermeneutic methods are employed. The relation between state and religion has been finalized by the founding fathers. They tried not to fall into the trap of the dichotomy between secular and religious state. They creatively-innovatively developed the thought of the relation between state and religion, which is the Indonesian uniqueness; the State of Republic of Indonesia which believes in one God in accordance with the basis of just and civilized humanity. Key words: reflection, philosophical, relation, state and religion Persoalan hubungan negara dan agama sebagai fenomena sosial politik di Indonesia menunjukkan adanya suatu kondisi pasang surut dalam perjalanan sejarah. Oleh karena itu, permasalahan ini dapat dikatakan bersifat latent dalam kehidupan berbangsa dan bernegara. Kajian ini menggunakan teori transformasi ideologi dan filsafat Pancasila sebagai dasar antroplogis hakikat manusia monopluralis. Dalam membahas persoalan tersebut digunakan pendekatan historis-filosofis melalui metode analisis dan sintesis serta dilengkapi pula dengan metode verstehen, interpretasi dan hermeunetika. Hubungan negara dan agama oleh pendiri Negara Republik Indonesia telah diselesaikan secara final. Pendiri negara berupaya untuk tidak terjebak dalam dikotomi negara sekular dan negara agama. Pendiri negara secara kreatif-inovatif membangun pemikiran hubungan negara dan agama yang khas Indonesia, yaitu negara ber-Ketuhanan Yang Maha Esa

  3. Des responsables d’équipe dans le déploiement d’un enseignement à distance : entre innovation, industrialisation et modèles de dissémination

    OpenAIRE

    Gélis, Jean-Michel

    2015-01-01

    Cet article s’intéresse au déploiement de dispositifs à distance dans les universités. Nous explorons ici une configuration particulière, celle de la dissémination de dispositifs à distance vers des formations du même établissement jusque-là seulement existantes en présentiel. L’université de Cergy-Pontoise (France) connaît un tel mouvement qui s’accompagne d’un changement d’échelle (de 50 à 400 étudiants environ) et d’une modification dans l’expérience des enseignants à distance (aguerris po...

  4. 团队情绪氛围对团队创新绩效的影响机制%The Influence Mechanism of Team Emotional Climate on Team Innovation Performance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小禹; 刘军

    2012-01-01

    基于85个团队的团队领导和475名团队成员的配对数据,考察了团队情绪氛围、情绪劳动及团队效能感对团队创新绩效的影响机制.结果发现:团队中有两种类型的情绪交换——团队情绪氛围是团队内部的情绪交换,而情绪劳动是团队成员对外的情绪交换.高强度的情绪劳动(高外部情绪交换)具有情绪资源攫取的效果,削弱了团队积极情绪氛围与团队创新绩效之间的关系;当团队工作的情绪劳动程度较高时,团队较低的积极情绪氛围对于团队创新反而有更强的促进作用.团队积极情绪氛围(团队内部的积极情绪交换)对于团队效能感有促进作用.团队情绪氛围与情绪劳动的交互作用以团队效能感为完全中介进而影响团队创新绩效.%The emotional aspect of teams has received increasing attention in the group/team literature in the West. However, very few empirical studies have addressed the issue in China. This study examines the effect of team emotional climate, emotional labor, and team efficacy on team innovation, especially the moderating role of team emotional labor and the mediating role of group efficacy on the relationship between team emotional climate and team innovation. In the study, team emotional climate and team emotional labor are conceptualized as contrasting types of team emotional exchanges. We define the former as within-team member directed emotional exchange and the latter as the outward directed emotional exchange required to enact one's job role. We argue that team emotional labor moderates the relationship between team positive emotional climate and team innovation performance such as the relationship is stronger in lower than higher team emotional labor contexts. In addition, we hypothesize that the interaction between team emotional climate and team emotional labor on team innovation is mediated by team efficacy. Data were collected from 85 team leaders and 475 team

  5. Beyond Territorial Innovation Models: The Pertinence of the Territorial Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Olivier Crevoisier

    2014-01-01

    Au-delà des modèles territoriaux d'innovation: la pertinence de l'approche territoriale, Regional Studies. Les travaux sur les Modèles territoriaux d'innovation (territorial innovation models – TIMs) ont eu des impacts considérables sur les études sur l'innovation dans de très nombreux domaines (économie politique, géographie, sociologie, sciences politiques et administratives, etc.). Dans cet article, on suggère qu'une approche plus large – l'économie territoriale – qui s'est largement struc...

  6. 组织创新氛围与员工变革承诺的关系研究%Research on the Relationship Between Organizational Innovation Climate and Employee Commitment to Change

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭琳

    2016-01-01

    This paper summarized the related research of organizational innovation climate and employee commitment to change.According to theory of social exchange theory, it analysed the relationship between them, and gave a conclusion that organizational innovation climate has a positive effect to employee's affective commitment and normative commitment,and has a reverse effect to continued commitment. Therefore, the organizational innovation climate in the process of change is of great importance to promote organizational change successfully.%通过对组织创新氛围和员工变革承诺的相关研究进行总结,根据社会交换理论对二者的关系进行理论分析,得出以下结论:组织创新氛围对员工变革承诺中的情感变革承诺和规范变革承诺有正向的影响,对持续承诺有反向的影响;组织在变革过程中营造创新氛围,对推动组织变革成功具有重要的意义。

  7. Innovation and Economic Growth: Factors that Encourages Innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Teresa Méndez Picazo

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this paper is to analyze the role played by innovations on economic activity. In this sense, the relationship between innovation and economic growth is studied, being economic growth the current main objective of economic policy to reduce unemployment and to increase social welfare. To carry out this analysis we base on Schumpeter's model, playing entrepreneurship and social climate an important role in the process. The empirical analysis an innovations equation for the case of 11 developed countries is included, showing that the social climate, represented by the training and income distribution, and monetary policy, represented by money supply, stimulate innovations.

  8. PENGEMBANGAN STRATEGIC BUSINESS UNIT PERHUTANI UNIT III JAWA BARAT DAN BANTEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rurin Wahyu Listriana

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThis study aimed to 1 analyze the innovation and competitiveness ability of Strategic Business Unit (SBU in the KBM (independent business unit industri and 2 formulate alternative policies that can enhance company innovation and competitiveness. The study was conducted at KBM Industri and SBU within the KBM industri. The information and data was obtained through interviews and distributing questionnaires to 10 respondents. Respondents were chosen based on their expertise and or experience. Data processing techniques used the SWOT analysis and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP. Results of this study shows that KBM Industri Unit III have the power and the opportunity to expand, increase growth, and achieve maximum progress by improving the quality, developing new products, improving processes and increasing access to wider market. The potential innovation can also be seen from the process-product innovation, knowledge-skills innovation and method-system innovation. In the KBM Industri Unit III, those potential covers the raw materials, process equipment and products. The improvement of company's innovation was influenced by the main factor organization with the value 0,436 and the most influential factors of marketing with a value 0,398, while the ultimate goal is the improvement of the process with the value 0,756. The improvement of the company's innovation strategy is through strategy priority, namely cooperation with other /external parties weighted by 0,703 and optimizing own capabilities of the research or conducting institutions development research weighted by 0,297.Keywords: SBU, KBM Industri, Innovation, AHP, SWOTABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan 1 menganalisis kemampuan inovasi dan daya saing Strategic Business Unit (SBU di Kesatuan Bisnis Mandiri (KBM Industri dan 2 merumuskan kebijakan alternatif yang dapat meningkatkan inovasi dan daya saing perusahaan. Penelitian  dilakukan pada KBM Industri  dan SBU yang ada didalam  KBM

  9. 员工心理资本、组织创新氛围和技术创新绩效的跨层次分析%Cross-level Analysis of Staff Psychological Capital, Organizational Innovation Climate and Technological Innovation Performance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴庆松; 游达明

    2011-01-01

    以员工心理资本与组织创新氛围为自变量,探讨了二者对企业技术创新绩效的影响.通过对湖南省6家机械制造类企业进行数据采集,使用跨层次模型分析变量之间的关系.结果显示:员工的心理资本等积极心理状态能够对企业技术创新绩效产生积极影响.组织创新氛围(特别是领导风格效能)对企业技术创新绩效产生直接影响效果.组织创新氛围对员工心理资本和企业技术创新绩效之间的关系具有调节效应.%In this paper, we use staff psychological capital and innovative climate as the independent variables, to discuss how they influence technological innovation performance. In this study, we collect data from six machinery manufactures in Hunan province, and apply the cross-level model to study the relationship between these variables. The results show that the positive psychological capital of staff has a positive effect on innovation performance , and that organizational innovation climate (especially the effectiveness of leadership style) has a direct effect on innovation performance and a moderating effect on the relationship between staff psychological capital and technological innovation performance.

  10. Continuité et volonté d’innovation dans les définitions des catégories grammaticales : l’exemple des Idéologues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haßler Gerda

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Si l’existence de l’École Normale de l’An III ne fut qu’éphémère, elle a joué le rôle d’un laboratoire théorique de l’harmonisation des méthodes d’enseignement. Les conférences de Sicard et de Garat, professeurs à l’École Normale, sont bien complémentaires et ont certainement été écrites avec la volonté de produire des textes de référence dont le contenu servirait à influencer l’enseignement. C’est une rupture avec l’enseignement mécanique qui ne compte que sur la mémoire et l’imitation, rupture qui se sert de l’analyse comme mot d’ordre. Nous étudierons trois catégories grammaticales, discutées par Sicard et Garat, et leur développement dans les manuels de grammaire au début du dix-neuvième siècle : « phrase incidente », « verbe auxiliaire », « ellipse ». On analysera l’influence de ces concepts syntaxiques sur les manuels scolaires pour l’enseignement du français langue étrangère. Si l’on veut comprendre la production textuelle à l’École Normale, il est important de ne pas oublier qu’il s’agissait de donner des « leçons sur la meilleure méthode de les enseigner [les = les langues], et ces méthodes [...] seront tracées par des hommes dont la réputation est faite dans l’Europe » (Séances 1800-1801 : 1, VII. C’est une nouvelle forme de communication qui domine l’enseignement dans cette école et qui met les idées, le discours et la parole dans une nouvelle relation qui ne restera pas sans conséquences pour la conceptualisation linguistique. À partir d’une capacité linguistique déjà acquise, l’art de parler et de causer, les enfants apprendront la grammaire, et par ce moyen, perfectionneront leur raisonnement.

  11. Des pôles de croissance vers des systèmes d’innovation territorialisés dans une « nouvelle » économie de marche : le cas de Gdansk, Pologne

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Lorek

    2013-01-01

    Depuis la libéralisation économique, les pôles de croissance construits sous la tutelle de l’État ont connu des transformations institutionnelles et organisationnelles majeures dans les pays centralement planifiés. Les nouvelles formes d’organisation industrielle, qui sont à l’origine de ces transformations, donnent la priorité aux logiques territoriales. Les économies locales, sous-estimées pendant l’économie centralement planifiée, sont devenues des espaces prioritaires d’application de la ...

  12. Echelle territoriale de gouvernance et capacité d’innovation. Le cas de la gestion durable du bâti agricole périurbain dans l'Hérault

    OpenAIRE

    Nougaredes, Brigitte; Faure, Stéphanie; Laniesse, Thierry; Salignac, Vincent; Camerino, Teresa

    2014-01-01

    La politique de développement urbain durable modifie les principes autorisant les constructions en zone agricole en introduisant le principe de « nécessité » des constructions pour l’exploitation agricole. La mise en oeuvre de cette politique se réalise dans le cadre de la gouvernance territoriale et est négociée à différentes échelles territoriales donnant lieu à une diversité d’interprétation et d’initiatives. L’élaboration et le développement de nouvelles modalités de gestion du bâti agric...

  13. Teaching innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lachman, Vicki D; Glasgow, Mary Ellen Smith; Donnelly, Gloria F

    2009-01-01

    Innovation in healthcare is essential to solve the "wicked problems" currently facing healthcare. This article focuses on nature of innovation and how it operates, how innovators think and view problems, how the theory and practice of innovation can be taught in novel ways, and how organizational cultures foster or suppress innovation. Examples of teaching strategies and nurse-driven innovation illustrate the theory and practice of innovation.

  14. Penyebab dan Penangannan Halotosis

    OpenAIRE

    Irmadani Anwar, Ayub

    2007-01-01

    Halitosis adau bau mulut adalah masalah kesehatan gigi dan mulut yang banyak dikeluhkan. Akibat yang dapat ditimbulkan oleh halitosis dapat bersifat psikososial seperti malu atau rendah diri, menghindari pergaulan, tidak bebas bicara, tidak ada rasa percaya diri.

  15. Liever kraanwater dan bronwater

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kole, A.P.W.

    2011-01-01

    Een test in het Restaurant van de Toekomst van de invloed van CO2-labels op het aankoopgedrag van consumenten, heeft nog geen duidelijk beeld opgeleverd. Wel pakten mensen vaker kraanwater dan bronwater.

  16. Dan Performer Mei Lanfang

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Risum, Janne

    2010-01-01

    The convention of performing female characters (dan characters) in Beijing opera, as practised by its most prominent male performer of female characters Mei Lanfang, and its and his cultural context and aesthetic aim...

  17. Innovation in a Cold Climate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, James

    1976-01-01

    In 1974 twenty-five students began a program offering a Diploma of Higher Education at the Bulmershe College of Higher Education. Last summer the first students earned their diplomas. Describes the objectives of the program, its content, and the outcome for the students. Suggests what the Dip HE's prospects might be. (Editor/RK)

  18. Territories climate plans: territories in action 21 collectivities involved in the climatic change challenge. 1. experiences collection 2007; Plans climat territoriaux: des territoires en action 21 collectivites engagees dans la releve du defi climatique. 1. recueil d'experiences 2007

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    The climate plan invites the collectivities to implement actions of greenhouse reduction. This collection presents the first collectivities involved in a climate approach: towns, natural parks, syndicates, general and regional council. (A.L.B.)

  19. Product Innovation by Incumbent Firms in Developing Economies : The Roles of Research and Development Expenditures, Trade Policy, and the Investment Climate

    OpenAIRE

    Lederman, Daniel

    2007-01-01

    A model of firm innovation illustrates the effects of the threat of imitation and product varieties on a representative firm's decision to invest in research and development to produce new product varieties. The model motivates two empirical questions: (1) Is research and development partially correlated with firms' propensity to introduce new products or product innovation in developing c...

  20. The Paris-Nairobi climate initiative. Access to clean energy for all in Africa and countries vulnerable to climate change. Access to energy, sustainable development and climate change; Initiative climat Paris-Nairobi. Acces aux energies propres en Afrique et dans les pays vulnerables au changement climatique. Livre-Blanc, Acces a l'energie, developpement durable et changements climatiques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-04-21

    The first part of this report highlights the importance of a universal access to energy, the role of public policies and renewable energies, the need to implement sustainable economic models for energy services, and indicates the major objectives and essential actions for these purposes. The second part outlines the weakness of electricity production in Africa, the degradation of the energy mix balance, the vulnerability to climate change, and the fact that Africa, like other countries vulnerable to climate change, possess huge and unexploited renewable energy resources (biomass, hydroelectricity, geothermal, solar, wind). The third part proposes an approach to energy services by developing sustainable cooking, supplying energy to support rural development and to poles of economic growth, by developing sustainable cities (notably in transports and buildings), and by developing national and regional electricity grids. The last part addresses the issue of energy financing in developing countries

  1. Pembuatan Dan Karakterisasi Aspal Beton Berbasis Dreg Dan Grit

    OpenAIRE

    Newdesnetty Butarbutar

    2009-01-01

    Telah dilakukan penelitian tentang pembuatan dan karakterisasi aspal beton berbasis dreg dan grit. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan metode pengadukan dengan menggunakan mixer beton, tujuan untuk memperoleh bahan aspal beton dari dreg dan grit untuk mengurangi volume pasir dengan variasi rasio pasir terhadap dreg dan grit adalah: 100 : 0 : 0; 90 : 5 : 5; 80 : 10 : 10; 70 : 15 : 15; 60 : 20 : 20; 50 : 25 : 25; 40 : 30 : 3; 30 : 35 : 35; 20 : 40 : 40; 10 : 45 : 45; 0 : 50 : 5...

  2. Orchestrating innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berkers, F.T.H.M.; Klein Woolthuis, R.J.A.; Boer, J. de

    2015-01-01

    Orchestrating Innovation increases the probability of success, minimizing the probability of failure of technological innovations by creating sustained societal and economic value. Orchestrating innovation propagates to take into account and actively involve all relevant stakeholders of the (future)

  3. SISTEM BERBASIS PENGETAHUAN UNTUK KESEHATAN DAN PERAWATAN GIGI DAN MULUT

    OpenAIRE

    I Wayan Shandyasa

    2011-01-01

    Sistem berbasis pengetahuan untuk kesehatan dan perawatan gigi dan mulut ini merupakan sistem yang menghadirkan solusi penyakit dalam mengatasi masalah kesehatan gigi memberikan informasi perawatan untuk setiap masalah penyakit yang dihadapi. Sistem ini menyediakan fasilitas diagnosa penyakit untuk mengidentifikasi masalah kesehatan yang sedang dihadapi. Proses identifikasi dilakukan melalui interaksi tanya jawab antar sistem dengan user dan penginputan gejala penyakit. Metode penelusuran kes...

  4. PREFERENSI PEMBIAYAAN USAHA MIKRO DAN KECIL : PERSPEKTIF GENDER DAN ENTREPRENEURABILITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khaira Amalia Fachrudin

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Preferensi pembiayaan dalam perusahaan besar lebih didasarkan pada karakteristik perusahaan tersebut.  Namun dalam usaha mikro dan kecil hal ini mungkin berbeda dan bergantung pada karakteristik pemiliknya seperti gender dan entrepreneurability.   Perbedaan gender mungkin juga membedakan entrepreneurability dan dukungan yang diterima.  Penelitian ini akan menguji apakah terdapat perbedaan preferensi pembiayaan berdasarkan gender, entrepreneurability berdasarkan gender dan berdasarkan preferensi pembiayaan, serta perbedaan dukungan berdasarkan gender.  Sampel dari usaha mikro dan kecil yang bergerak dalam bidang kuliner  diuji dengan uji beda Independent Sample t Test dan kemudian dengan Crosstabulation untuk lebih memperinci hasilnya.  Hasil uji menunjukkan bahwa tidak terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan preferensi pembiayaan berdasarkan gender dan berdasarkan  entrepreneurability, namun entrepreneurability berbeda signifikan berdasarkan gender dan juga ditemukan bahwa dukungan moral, tenaga, dan modal yang diterima pemilik usaha pria dan wanita tidak berbeda signifikan (p value lebih kecil dari 0.05.   Hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa terdapat kesetaraan gender dalam pembiayaan usaha dan entrepreneurability lebih tinggi pada pria.  Pria pemilik usaha juga mendapatkan dukungan tenaga kerja yang lebih banyak daripada wanita.  Dukungan tenaga ini adalah salah satu bentuk  financial bootstrapping karena dapat mengurangi pembiayaan usaha

  5. Open Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Аникина, К. Ю.; Таланкина, Н. Г.

    2006-01-01

    In the past 10 years, numerous interesting articles, book chapters, and books have been written on open innovation strategies in mainly large companies. While closed innovation models have resulted in important breakthrough innovations, many large companies have abandoned vertical integration strategies in recent years and have moved toward a combination of both closed and open innovation models that are used for reaching different sets of innovative goals. The definition of open innovation a...

  6. Complex Challenges of Maintaining Whitebark Pine in Greater Yellowstone under Climate Change: A Call for Innovative Research, Management, and Policy Approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Hansen

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Climate suitability is projected to decline for many subalpine species, raising questions about managing species under a deteriorating climate. Whitebark pine (WBP (Pinus albicaulis in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE crystalizes the challenges that natural resource managers of many high mountain ecosystems will likely face in the coming decades. We review the system of interactions among climate, competitors, fire, bark beetles, white pine blister rust (Cronartium ribicola, and seed dispersers that make WBP especially vulnerable to climate change. A well-formulated interagency management strategy has been developed for WBP, but it has only been implemented across <1% of the species GYE range. The challenges of complex climate effects and land allocation constraints on WBP management raises questions regarding the efficacy of restoration efforts for WBP in GYE. We evaluate six ecological mechanisms by which WBP may remain viable under climate change: climate microrefugia, climate tolerances, release from competition, favorable fire regimes, seed production prior to beetle-induced mortality, and blister-rust resistant trees. These mechanisms suggest that WBP viability may be higher than previously expected under climate change. Additional research is warranted on these mechanisms, which may provide a basis for increased management effectiveness. This review is used as a basis for deriving recommendations for other subalpine species threatened by climate change.

  7. Dan Johnson the mentor

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKinley, Richard

    2003-04-01

    I first met Dan Johnson in early 1975 as I was interviewing for an engineering job with Henning von Gierke's bioengineering and bionics laboratory at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. From the very beginning Dan was always direct and forthright. Over the ensuing next 27 years my knowledge and respect of Dan constantly grew. This presentation will review Dan's technical and personal contributions while at the laboratory at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. He was instrumental in the development of a national noise exposure criteria with the equal-energy-rule, an accurate single number hearing protector attenuation measure based on ``C-A,'' an impulse noise exposure criteria, a longitudinal study of hearing loss in children, development of noise dosimeters, and description of hearing damage risk from nonoccupational noise exposures such as disco's, bowling alleys, lawn mowers, and school buses. Dan has had a significant effect on my career. I and the many people who knew him at the laboratory miss him greatly.

  8. Toxicology Selective Toxicity dan Test

    OpenAIRE

    Mansyur

    2002-01-01

    Toxicology adalah pemahaman-pemahaman mengenai effek-effek bahan kimia yang merugikan bagi organisme. Dari definisi tersebut, jelas terdapat unsur-unsur bahan kimia dan organisme, dimana didalam kedua unsur-unsur ini terdapat istilah-istilah toksisitas dan animal test-test. Tulisan ini bermaskud membicarakan mengenai selective toxicity dan animal toxicity tetst. kedokteran-mansyur5

  9. Innovative didaktik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Birthe

    Innovative didaktik. This deals with innovative didaktik from at methodological point of view in three ways - how to define the concept, how to develop it and how analyse it. Issues analysed: How to create innovative students? How to create innovative learning envoriments? These are core questions...... in "Projekt Innovativ didaktik". The hidden curriculum is to inspire students to develop entreprenuership and creativty....

  10. Mindful innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Poul Bitsch

    2008-01-01

    Mindful innovation is an approach to innovation that pays attention to people's experience in an organization rather than to formal organization or social role.......Mindful innovation is an approach to innovation that pays attention to people's experience in an organization rather than to formal organization or social role....

  11. DanRIS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skou, Carl Verner

    2009-01-01

    Windows 2000/XP/Vista platform computerprogram til DanRIS indberetning baseret på indskrivning af klienter på CPR, klientsforløb, faseforløb, ASI EuropASI composite score beregninger. Udgave: 2.1.0.5 Udgivelsesdato: 01-01-2009......Windows 2000/XP/Vista platform computerprogram til DanRIS indberetning baseret på indskrivning af klienter på CPR, klientsforløb, faseforløb, ASI EuropASI composite score beregninger. Udgave: 2.1.0.5 Udgivelsesdato: 01-01-2009...

  12. Durabilité de pâtes de ciments contenant du laitier d’El Hadjar conservées dans des milieux agressifs et à des températures de climat chaud Durability of cement pastes containing slag of El Hajar preserved in aggressive environments and at temperatures of hot climate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clastres P.

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available En vue d’améliorer la durabilité des bétons durcis, notamment vis à vis des eaux agressives telles que eau de mer, eaux sulfatées, …et dans le cas d’une température de conservation de climat chaud (20 à 40 °C, nous proposons d’utiliser des ciments contenant 20 % (CPJ, CEM II B ou 50 % (CHF, CEM III A de laitier granulé moulu de haut fourneau d’El Hadjar. Les essais sont réalisés sur pâte pure afin de mieux suivre parallèlement l’évolution minéralogique des mélanges durcis par analyse au moyen de la diffraction des rayons X. Les indicateurs de durabilités choisis et suivis de 1 jour à 1 an sont les variations dimensionnelles et les résistances mécaniques en compression simple. Le pH des solutions, liés notamment à la fréquence de renouvellement des bains, apparaît comme un paramètre important d’agressivité. Les résultats obtenus permettent notamment de mettre en évidence l’effet bénéfique sur la durabilité aux sulfates d’un ajout aux ciments de laitier granulé ainsi qu’une certaine agressivité pour ces mêmes ciments d’une conservation en eau de mer à 20°C. Une température de climat chaud (40°C ne modifie pas fondamentalement ces résultats. To improve the durability of hardened concrete, especially against aggressive water such as sea water, sulphated, … and in the case of a conservation temperature of hot climate (20 to 40°C we propose the use of cements containing 20% (CPJ CEM II B or 50% (CHF, CEM III A granulated blast furnace slag of El Hajar. The tests are performed on cement paste in order to better follow parallely the mineralogical evolution of mixtures cured by analysis of X-ray diffraction. The Indicators of sustainability selected and followed from 1 day to 1 year, are the dimensional variation and the compressive strength simple. The pH of the solutions, especially related to the renewal frequency of the baths, appears as an important parameter of aggressiveness. The

  13. ‘The lived experience of climate change’: creating open educational resources and virtual mobility for an innovative, integrative and competence-based track at Masters level

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Terwisscha van Scheltinga, C.T.H.M.; Wilson, Gordon; Abbott, Dina; Kraker, de Joop

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores a new integrative approach to climate change education at Masters level. Drawing on the authors’ involvement in a European Union Erasmus project, it is argued that the diversity of knowledge(s) on climate change are a source of active/social learning. The wide variety of discipli

  14. Kondisi oral higiene dan karies gigi pada vegetarian dan non vegetarian di Maha Vihara Maitreya Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Prawira, Albert

    2011-01-01

    Perbedaan pola makan antara vegetarian dan non vegetarian dapat mempengaruhi kesehatan gigi dan mulut. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui kondisi oral higiene dan karies gigi pada umat vegetarian dan non vegetarian di Maha Vihara Maitreya Medan. Jenis penelitian adalah survei deskriptif. Sampel terdiri atas 74 vegetarian dan 65 non vegetarian. Pemeriksaan oral higiene dan karies gigi masing-masing menggunakan indeks OHIS Greene dan Vermillion dan indeks DMFT Klein, se...

  15. Plan climate 2003 Group Agriculture - Forest - By-products, 12 propositions to fight against the climatic change in the agriculture sector; Plan climat 2003 Groupe Agriculture - Foret - Produits derives, 12 propositions pour lutter contre le changement climatique dans le secteur de l'agriculture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Couturier, Ch.; Bochu, J.L.; Pointereau, Ph.; Doublet, S.

    2003-07-01

    These propositions have been elaborated by the Salengro association in the framework of the Plan Climate 2003, at the ADEME request. These measures aims to fight against the climatic change in the agriculture domain: tractors fuels, energy mastery, renewable energies in fossil fuels substitution, wood buildings, hedges and linear afforestation, nitrogen balance equilibrium, agriculture policy. (A.L.B.)

  16. Research on Organizational Innovation Climate and Enterprise Patent Creating Ability%组织创新氛围对企业专利创造能力的影响机理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁林; 谭文; 邵云飞

    2015-01-01

    Chinese investment in science and technology is strengthened constantly,but the patent innovation has not been improved.For this phenomenon,the fundamental reason is that companies are lack of relaxed,free and innovative atmos-phere.So,in order to explore this question further,the author constructs the influencing factors model of the three variables and verifies it with the survey data by using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM).The study has achieved the following results:First,the organization innovation climate has positive effect on enterprise patent creating ability.Second,the or-ganizational learning ability has a mediating role between the organization innovation climate and enterprise patent creating ability.Finally,the enterprise scale has no positive moderating effect on enterprise patent innovation and application abili-ty.At last,we put forward the corresponding management measures.%在中国科技投入不断加强的背景下,有些企业专利创造能力并未得到提升,此现象的根本原因在于企业缺乏宽松、自由的创新氛围。在前人的研究基础上提出了组织创新氛围对企业专利创造能力的影响机理模型,并进行了实证检验。研究发现:组织创新氛围对企业专利创造能力有正向影响;组织学习能力在组织创新氛围与企业专利创造能力之间起完全中介作用;企业规模正向调节组织创新氛围对企业专利创造能力的影响假设不成立。基于此,提出了相应的管理对策。

  17. Amerika Birleşik Devletleri Firmalarında İnsan Kaynakları Yönetimi Uygulamaları, Organizasyonel İklim ve Organizasyonel Yenilikçilik Düzeyi = Human Resource Management Practices, Organizational Climate and Organizational Innovativeness Level in US Firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ümit PEÇEN

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to explore the influence of Human Resource Management (HRM activities and organizational climate on corporate innovativeness level in United States of America. The data is collected through interviews from 546 employees in US. The study first examines the relative influence of seven HRM activities of i behavior and attitudes (in recruitment and selection ii teamwork iii extensive training, iv written policies, (v training in multiple functions vi performance appraisal and incentives, vii feedback on innovativeness level. Secondly, the influence of five factors relating to organizational climate are examined. The second group factors are i support for innovation, ii workload pressure, iii cohesion, iv organizational boundaries and v organizational ethics. The paper presents the influence of the two groups of factors on corporate innovativeness level.

  18. MODAL MANUSIA DAN PRODUKTIVITAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erlinda Puspita Sari

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Modal manusia dianggap sebagai salah satu faktor penentu produktivitas. Modal manusia merupakan dimensi kualitatif dari sumberdaya manusia, seperti keahlian dan keterampilan, yang akan memengaruhi kemampuan produktif manusia tersebut. Dimensi kualitatif tersebut diperoleh melalui pendidikan, pelatihan dan kesehatan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganaliss efek dari modal manusia terhadap tingkat produktivitas di provinsi-provinsi di Indonesia. Dalam penelitian ini, tingkat pendidikan diukur dengan beberapa indikator, yaitu; angka melek huruf dan angka partisipasi murni tingkat SD, SMP maupun SMA. Tingkat kesehatan diukur dengan angka kematian bayi. Data yang digunakan adalah data panel dari 25 provinsi di Indonesia selama perioede 1996-2010 yang dianalisis dengan menggunakan Model Panel Data Fixed Effect. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa modal manusia yang diukur dari tingkat pendidikan (APM dan tingkat kesehatan (AKB merupakan faktor yang berpengaruh dan signifikan untuk menjelaskan variasi produktivitas meskipun magnitude-nya lebih kecil dibandingkan dengan modal fisik. Hasil analisis juga menunjukkan bahwa variabel pendidikan memiliki magnitude yang lebih besar dibandingkan dengan variabel kesehatan. Human capital is regarded as one of the determining factors of productivity. Human capital is qualitative dimension of human resource which includes skills and knowledge. These qualitative dimensions are internalized through education, training and health. This study aimed to analyze the effect of human capital on productivity level across provinces in Indonesia. In this study, the level of education was measured by literacy and school enrollment rate (in primary, secondary and high school. The level of health was measured by infant mortality rate. The study employed a panel data of 25 provinces in Indonesia during the period of 1996-2010. Using fixed effect method, the result showed that secondary school enrollment rate and infant mortality

  19. Collaborative innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Torfing, Jacob; Sørensen, Eva; Hartley, Jean

    2013-01-01

    There are growing pressures for the public sector to be more innovative but considerable disagreement about how to achieve it. This article uses institutional and organizational analysis to compare three major public innovation strategies. The article confronts the myth that the market......-driven private sector is more innovative than the public sector by showing that both sectors have a number of drivers of as well as barriers to innovation, some of which are similar, while others are sector specific. The article then systematically analyzes three strategies for innovation: New Public Management...... for enhancing public innovation is contingent rather than absolute. Some contingencies for each strategy are outlined....

  20. Kitab kuning dan perempuan, perempuan dan kitab kuning

    OpenAIRE

    Bruinessen, M.M. van

    2007-01-01

    Kitab Kuning dan Emansipasi Perempuan: Konflik Budaya? Pengamatan-pengamatan Masdar mengenai kedudukan perempuan dalam diskursus (wacana, bahasan) dominan kitab kuning terasa tidak enak didengar tetapi memang sulit dibantah. Baik dalam penggunaan bahasa (yang sangat memihak kepada jenis mudzakkar) maupun pilihan aspek kehidupan perempuan yang dijadikan pokok bahasan kitab-kitab fiqh, terdapat bias yang begitu dalam dan transparan. Tolok ukur untuk segala hal ialah laki-laki, dan perbedaan ant...

  1. Problems of regional innovation strategy forming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. M. Golova

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The author considered problems and contradictions of modern innovation policy in Russia. It is shown, that at present time regions are removed from management of science-technical complex and spatial priorities are not produced. It is a serious factor of risk for conservation perspectives of innovation development for Russia. With taking into account of world experience main districts of rise effects regional police were formulated. It is underlined, that creation conditions for transformation of regional authorities in active subjects of innovation policy is necessary condition for building vital innovation system. It is shown, that state innovation policy must be constructed at combination of next principles: a support science-technical potential of regions — generators of innovation and creation conditions for its realization; b using of innovations for evening-out disproportions of social-economic development between regions; c widening powers and financial possibilities of regions at management of innovation climate. Methodical approaches for making effective mechanisms of management of innovation processes of territory are opened. Typology of Russian regions with high and middle degree of innovation climate is proposed, which takes level of science and innovation potential of territory and also degree of comfort of social-economic conditions for development of innovation activity are offered. Peculiarities of innovation strategy for different types of regions are defined. This typology may be used for substantiation spatial priorities of innovation strategy of Russia.

  2. Report on the behalf of the Parliamentary Office for the Assessment of Scientific and Technological Choices on innovation and climate change: the contribution of the scientific and technological assessment. Report of the public hearing of the 24 September 2015, and considerations come out of debates for the purpose of a transmission to the COP21 negotiators. National Assembly Nr 3206, Senate Nr 147

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document reports the various contributions presented during a public hearing organised by the French Parliamentary Office for Scientific and Technological Choices (OPECST) with the support of the European Parliamentary Technology Assessment (EPTA), notably to prepare the Paris Conference on Climate (COP21). The contributions and their associated round tables addressed the following topics: Innovation as a tool to promote energy efficiency in the building sector, Innovations to feed mankind while reducing greenhouse gas emissions, Innovation in the transport sector and sustainable mobility, and citizen involvement in the management of smart technologies. For each of these topics, some contributions propose prospective elements

  3. Faïz Gallouj et Faridah Djellal, The Handbook of Innovation and Services. A Multi-disciplinary Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Ce Handbook of Innovation and Services est un ouvrage complet, rassemblant 31 articles sur 800 pages. Il a pour vocation de devenir une référence dans un domaine qui a une importance croissante, l’innovation dans les services. Les économies contemporaines ont en effet deux caractéristiques. Ce sont d’abord des économies de service, au sens où les services représentent plus de 70 % de la richesse et des emplois dans la plupart des pays développés. Ce sont ensuite des économies où l’innovation ...

  4. BAHAYA RADIASI DAN CARA PROTEKSINYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Badunggawa P

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Radiasi yang kita terima setiap saat, termasuk radiasi untuk tujuan kedokteran, mempunyai dampak positif dan negatif terhadap keselamatan manusia dan lingkungan. Dampak positif dari radiasi terhadap keselamatan manusia diantaranya adalah digunakan sebagai pengobatan dan dampak negatifnya adalah tergantung dari besar dosis yang diterima diantaranya adalah mulai dari mual, muntah, pusing-pusing, rambut rontok, menyebabkan kanker, diturunkan secara genetik, dan yang lebih berbahaya lagi adalah menyebabkan kematian. Oleh karena itu kita harus berhati-hati terhadap bahaya yang ditimbulkannya, baik terhadap pekerja radiasi maupun masyarakat umum termasuk pasien. Perlindungan terhadap bahaya yang ditimbulkan radiasi ini dikenal dengan istilah proteksi radiasi. Sehingga dosis yang diterima pertahun oleh pekerja atau masyarakat umum tidak melebihi batas dosis yang ditetapkan oleh Bapeten. Berbagai upaya telah dilakukan untuk meminimalkan bahaya tersebut sehingga pekerja dan pasien merasa aman melakukan dan dikenai tindakan medik.[medicina 2009;40:47-51].  

  5. Innovation surveys

    OpenAIRE

    Tomlinson, Mark

    2010-01-01

    An earlier version of this paper was prepared for the joint OECD/Eurostat workshop on innovation surveys, OECD, Paris, June 30th 1999. The paper addresses some issues about the nature of innovation surveys (particularly the new Community Innovation Surveys) and how they might be improved to take on board several crucial developments in contemporary advanced economies. In particular the following topics are discussed: the increased distribution of innovative activity across firm...

  6. Responsive Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Carsten

    Although the importance of stakeholder networks has been recognized in recent years, a non-teleological model that incorporates their collective sensing into innovation processes has so far not been developed. Hence, this paper argues that traditional linear and sequential innovation models...... are insufficient in hypercompetitive environments. Instead, it is proposed that companies should ground their innovation processes in the collective sensing of frontline-employees and customers that operate around the organizational periphery. This frames the concept of responsive innovation, where key...

  7. Measuring Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Cobbe, Brian

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to conduct an on-site survey of IKEA Of Sweden, Älmhult (IKEA 2010b), with the aim to determine if IKEA Of Sweden, as an empirical case, innovates within its organization. Measuring innovation is achieved by investigating the level of alignment of the daily operational activities employed by the IKEA Of Sweden organization, with key, modern managerial theorists in the field of innovation and organizational structure; namely, Henry Chesbrough’s Open Innovation paradig...

  8. Metode Pengukuran Saliva Dan Pemeriksaan Kelenjar Saliva

    OpenAIRE

    Deddy A. Simatupang

    2008-01-01

    Saliva merupakan cairan utama di rongga mulut yang dihasilkan oleh kelenjar saliva mayor dan minor. Saliva memiliki fungsi dan peranan penting dalam menjaga dan memelihara kesehatan secara umum. Kebiasaan bemafas melalui mulut, akibat terapi radiasi pada kepala dan leher, kemsakan saraf, obat-obatan, dan penyakit-penyakit tertentu dapat menyebabkan penurunan produksi saliva yang disebut dengan xerostomia atau mulut kering. Xerostomia dapat menyebabkan karies gigi, mukositis dan kandidiasi...

  9. Climate Change Mitigation A Balanced Approach to Climate Change

    CERN Document Server

    2012-01-01

    This book provides a fresh and innovative perspective on climate change policy. By emphasizing the multiple facets of climate policy, from mitigation to adaptation, from technological innovation and diffusion to governance issues, it contains a comprehensive overview of the economic and policy dimensions of the climate problem. The keyword of the book is balance. The book clarifies that climate change cannot be controlled by sacrificing economic growth and many other urgent global issues. At the same time, action to control climate change cannot be delayed, even though gradually implemented. Therefore, on the one hand climate policy becomes pervasive and affects all dimensions of international policy. On the other hand, climate policy cannot be too ambitious: a balanced approach between mitigation and adaptation, between economic growth and resource management, between short term development efforts and long term innovation investments, should be adopted. I recommend its reading. Carlo Carraro, President, Ca�...

  10. Organising Innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.C.M. van den Ende (Jan)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractInnovation offers many opportunities for corporations. That is beyond dispute. The only question is how to make the most of them. In this lecture, I show what the process of innovation entails; I give examples of successful and failed innovations and I discuss the current issues and tren

  11. Innovative Universities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barsi, Louis M.; Kaebnick, Gweneth W.

    1989-01-01

    The phenomenon of innovation within the university is examined, noting the possibility of innovation as a key to college vitality. A study was conducted using a group of institutions that demonstrated recent innovative spirit. Members of the American Association of State Colleges and Universities (AASCU), each has been recognized in an annual…

  12. Brugerdreven innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Helms, Niels Henrik; Larsen, Lasse Juel

    2007-01-01

    På et generelt plan er vores afsæt et opgør med traditionelle modeller for kreativitet og innovation. Artiklen mener, at brugerdreven innovation ikke bare en god idé, men en beskrivelse af, hvordan innovation finder sted. Vores afsæt er interaktionsdesign, hvor vi bygger på den antagelse...

  13. REENGINEERING PROSES BISNIS : TINJAUAN KONSEPTUAL DAN METODOLOGI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lena Ellitan

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Business process reengineering is fundamental rethinking and radical redesign of an organization's business processes that leads the organization to achieve dramatic improvement in business performance. Many firms have successfully embraced this new innovation paradigm to achieve orders of magnitude improvements in cost, eficiency, quality and value. Even more firms are seeking opportunities to apply reengineering and methodologies to assist them in doing so. The recognition of reengineering as a new management paradigm emerged in the 1990's, though it may be argued that the principle of reengineering has been applied well before then. The early 1990's saw world wide interest in reengineering. Consequently, many organizations have reported their first-cycle experiences in reengineering. Reengineering practices in the period of the 1990's was largerly characterized by application to operational processes and emphasis on operational measure of time, cost, and quality. Quite recently, a more strategic flavor of reengineering has been advocated. One of the hopes of new thinking is that by trancending microscopic concern of operational strategy, it would help the organization derive significantly greater value out of the reengineering effort. This paper presents: 1. The concept of reengineering 2. Various problems in business process reengineering. 3. The rigorous methodology for organizing reengineering activities. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Reengineering proses bisnis adalah pemikiran ulang fundamental dan disain ulang radikal suatu proses bisnis organisasi yang akan mengarahkan organisasi untuk mencapai peningkatan kinerja bisnis secara dramatis. Beberapa perusahaan telah menerapkan paradigma inovasi baru ini untuk mencapai berbagai perbaikan dalam biaya, kualitas, dan efisiensi. Bahkan makin banyak perusahaan yang mencari peluang untuk menerapkan proyek reengineering dan metodologi-metodologi yang membantu mereka dalam mencapai usaha

  14. KINERJA Jurnal Bisnis dan Ekonomi

    OpenAIRE

    Pickering, Paul; Suprapto, Budi; Kufepaksi, Mahatma; Suhardjanto, Djoko; Ariani, D. Wahyu; Haryono, Tulus; Soeroso, Amiluhur

    2010-01-01

    1. Effects Of Relationship Marketing Upon Nz Micro-Enterprise Internationals Within The Asian Marketplace oleh Paul Pickering dan Russel P J Kingshott. 2. Service Recovery Strategy And Customer Satisfaction: Evidence From Hotel Industry In Yogyakarta-Indonesia oleh Budi Suprapto dan Galang Yunanto Hashym 3. Investor Overconfident Dalam Penilaian Saham: Perspektif Gender Dalam Eksperimen Pasar oleh Mahatma Kufepaksi 4. Pengaruh Corporate Governance, Etnis, Dan Latar Belakang Pendi...

  15. Comfortable room climate in the residential building of the future. Energetic autarc and innovative master plan in the solar house of Rosenheim; Behagliches Raumklima im Wohnhaus der Zukunft. Energieautarkes innovatives Gesamtkonzept im Rosenheimer Solarhaus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krause, Harald; Bayer, Johannes; Maderspacher, Johannes; Wehner, Marcus [Hochschule Rosenheim (Germany)

    2011-07-15

    The solar house in Rosenheim (Federal Republic of Germany) is the overall winner of the second International Contest 'Solar Decathlon Europe 2010'. The energy production of this solar house is four times larger than its energy consumption. The innovative energy concept consists of a coordinated combination of passive and active measures. For energy-efficient air conditioning of the plus energy house a proprietary shading system, a nocturnal radiative cooling as well as a modular air treatment unit in combination with a PCM storage are responsible.

  16. The coordination of research and innovation activities relative to an emergent technology: the case of batteries for electric and hybrid vehicles; La coordination des activites de recherche et d'innovation dans les phases d'emergence: le cas des batteries pour vehicules electriques et hybrides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larrue, Ph.

    2000-05-23

    In this thesis, we try to provide elements of a non-deterministic view of the coordination of research activities in the phase of emergence. Firstly, we try to identify the variables that determinate the strength and the characteristics of the imperative of coordination in this very preliminary period of an innovation process. Secondly, we try to evaluate the institutional arrangements that can effectively sustain the coordination of the activities of the various interdependent actors more or less involved in the innovation process. The basic idea of the thesis is that technological innovations do not originate as isolated according to a hypothetical underlying 'nature of the technology', especially when they are controversial and subject to great uncertainties as is the case with regard to batteries for Electric and hybrid Vehicles (EVs). Innovations appear to be generated by means of the interactions of a number of organizations belonging to different 'spheres' (different industries, scientific disciplines, public institutions, etc.). In order to validate a new area of opportunity which is still very uncertain at this preliminary stage, the competences and interests of these different organizations must be coordinated. Because of the complex mix of economic and technological barriers faced by the actors taking part in this innovation process, the area of batteries for electric and hybrid vehicles is the 'perfect laboratory' to investigate the institutional arrangements that can sustain the coordination of research and innovation activities relating to an emerging technology. The empirical and theoretical investigations are mainly focused on pre-competitive research consortia such as the United-States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC). This case study is conducted through in-depth interviews with key-actors of the area of batteries and electric vehicles. We also use the results of an on-line experts opinions survey we performed

  17. Effects of Team Communication and Job Insecurity Climate on Innovative Behavior:The Moderating Role of Creative Self-Efficacy%团队沟通、工作不安全氛围对创新行为的影响:创造力自我效能感的调节作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨付; 张丽华

    2012-01-01

    采用问卷调查法,以国内十三家大型企业集团75个工作团队共334名团队成员为研究对象,运用分层线性模型分析技术,探讨了团队沟通、工作不安全氛围对团队成员创新行为的影响,以及创造力自我效能感对此关系的调节作用.结果表明,团队沟通、工作不安全氛围对团队成员创新行为有倒U形的影响;创造力自我效能感调节团队沟通、工作不安全氛围与团队成员创新行为之间的关系:员工的创造力自我效能感越高,团队沟通、工作不安全氛围对团队成员创新行为的倒U形影响越小.%Most previous research has revealed the positive relation between team communication and employees' innovative behavior, as well as the negative relation between job insecurity climate and employees' innovative behavior. However, in previous studies, no clear conclusions have been made on the relationship among team communication, job insecurity climate and employees' innovative behavior. Practice has proves that complete positive context or complete negative context would not help inspiring employees' innovative behavior. In addition, an important amount of literature about job insecurity and its consequences has been developed during the past few decades (Sverke, Hellegren, & Naswall, 2002), but most of this research has focused on an individual-analysis perspective, without taking into account social context. Although job insecurity climate has not been empirically examined, several authors have implicitly assumed that job insecurity contexts exist insome organizations where layoffs have occurred. The current study aims to examine a conceptual model on the role of team communication and job insecurity climate in Chinese employees' innovative behavior. Based on the person-situation interaction theory, it is hypothesized that there is a reversed U shape relation between team communication, job insecurity climate and employees' innovative behavior

  18. A Climate System Model, Numerical Simulation and Climate Predictability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZENG Qingcun; WANG Huijun; LIN Zhaohui; ZHOU Guangqing; YU Yongqiang

    2007-01-01

    @@ The implementation of the project has lasted for more than 20 years. As a result, the following key innovative achievements have been obtained, ranging from the basic theory of climate dynamics, numerical model development and its related computational theory to the dynamical climate prediction using the climate system models:

  19. Hepatitis B dan Permasalahannya

    OpenAIRE

    Zain, Lukman Hakim

    2008-01-01

    Pada tahun 1965, Blumberg dan kawan- kawan di Philadelphia menemukan suatu antibodi pada pasien yang ditransfusi yang berasal dari suku Aborigin Australia, sehingga ant igen tersebut dikenal dengan nama Antigen Australia. Pada tahun 1977, Blumberg mendapat hadiah nobel untuk penemuannya itu. Sekarang antigen tersebut dikenal dengan nama hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). Hepatitis B merupakan penyakit infeksi pada jaringan hati yang disebabkan oleh virus yang berasal da...

  20. INNOVATIONS ET GOUVERNANCE TERRITORIALE : UNE ANALYSE PAR LES DISPOSITIFS

    OpenAIRE

    Soulard, Christophe-Toussaint; Mathé, Syndhia; Michel, Laura; Nougaredes, Brigitte; Jarrige, Françoise; Maurel, Pierre; Clement, Camille; Martinand, Pierre; Guiheneuf, Pierre-Yves; Barbe, Eric

    2010-01-01

    Cette communication vise à présenter les outils méthodologiques d’analyse/évaluation de la gouvernance territoriale élaborés dans le cadre du projet de recherche PSDR Gouv.Innov sur les innovations organisationnelles relatives à la gouvernance territoriale. Il s’agit d’étudier les transformations introduites par les politiques de développement durable au niveau des dispositifs de gouvernance territoriale visant à favoriser une gestion intégrée des espaces ruraux. Dans un contexte de recomposi...

  1. Innovation et gouvernance territoriale : une analyse par les dispositifs

    OpenAIRE

    Rey Valette, H.; Chia, E; Soulard, C.; Mathé, S.; Michel, L.; Nougaredes, B.; Jarrige, F.; Maurel, P.; Clement, C.; Martinand, P.; Guiheneuf, P.Y.; Barbe, E.

    2010-01-01

    International audience Cette communication vise à présenter les outils méthodologiques d'analyse/évaluation de la gouvernance territoriale élaborés dans le cadre du projet de recherche PSDR Gouv.Innov sur les innovations organisationnelles relatives à la gouvernance territoriale. Il s'agit d'étudier les transformations introduites par les politiques de développement durable au niveau des dispositifs de gouvernance territoriale visant à favoriser une gestion intégrée des espaces ruraux. Dan...

  2. PERBEDAAN PROSES PEMBELAJARAN DAN PRESTASI BELAJAR SISWA SD EKS-RSBI DAN SDSN DI DIY

    OpenAIRE

    Herjan Haryadi; Heri Retnawati

    2014-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan proses pembelajaran dan prestasi belajar siswa eks-RSBI dan SDSN di DIY pada mata pelajaran matematika, IPA dan Bahasa Indonesia. Penelitian ini merupakan studi penelitian komparasi. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh siswa kelas IV dan V SD eks-RSBI dan SDSN di DIY. Analisis data menggunakan (1) statistik deskriptif untuk mendeskripsikan proses penelitian dan menggambarkan mean dari data yang diperoleh; dan (2) statistik inferensi...

  3. ASIMETRI INFORMASI DAN UNDERPRICING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tety Anggita Safitri

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menguji pengaruh asimetri informasi terhadap underpricing. Penelitian ini menggunakan sampel 63 perusahaan yang melakukan penawaran umum perdana di Bursa Efek Indonesia dalam kurun waktu 2005-2010. Analisis data menggunakan regresi linier berganda, yaitu menguji proksi asimetri informasi yang terdiri atas ukuran perusahaan, umur perusahaan, proporsi saham yang ditawarkan kepada masyarakat, reputasi underwriter dan reputasi auditor terhadap underpricing. Hasil penelitian ini mengindikasikan bahwa reputasi underwriter dan reputasi auditor berpengaruh terhadap underpricing. Ukuran perusahaan, umur perusahaan dan proporsi saham yang ditawarkan tidak berpengaruh terhadap underpricing.The aim of this research is to examine the effect of assymetric information on underpricing. This research used a sample of 63 companies that make initial public offering on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in the period of 2005-2010. The data analysis is using multiple linear regression, which is testing the proxy of asymmetric information which consists of the firm size, the firm age, the proportion of shares offered to the public, underwriter reputation and auditor reputation on underpricing. This research indicates that underwriter reputation and auditor reputation have a significant effect on underpricing. The firm size, the firm age and the proportion of shares offered to the public have no significant effect on underpricing.

  4. PENINGKATAN KEPUASAN PELANGGAN MELALUI KUALITAS PRODUK DAN KUALITAS LAYANAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Made Virma Permana

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh kualitas desain, inovasi produk, kompetensi sosial, kompetensi teknis, kualitas produk, kualitas layanan terhadap kepuasan pelanggan dengan mengembangkan sebuah model penelitian dan 6 hipotesis yang diajukan dalam penelitian ini. Jumlah sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah 150 responden, yaitu pengguna kendaraan Toyota di Semarang. Teknik analisis data menggunakan Structural Equation Modeling (SEM dari software AMOS 16.0 dalam model dan pengkajian hipotesis. Berdasarkan hasil analisis data, dapat disimpulkan bahwa model tersebut dapat diterima dengan baik dan selanjutnya hasil penelitian ini memberikan implikasi teoritis bahwa pengaruh variabel kualitas desain, variabel inovasi produk, variabel kompetensi sosial, variabel kompetensi teknis, variabel kualitas produk, variabel kualitas layanan terhadap variabel kepuasan konsumen adalah positif dan signifikan. Variabel yang dominan berpengaruh terhadap kualitas produk adalah kualitas desain, dan terhadap kualitas layanan adalah kompetensi sosial, sedangkan terhadap kepuasan pelanggan adalah kualitas layanan. The aim of this research is to analyze the effect of design quality, product innovation, social competence, technical competence, product quality, service quality to customer satisfaction by developing a research model and proposing six hypotheses. The numbers of samples were 150 respondents. They are the users of Toyota vehicles in Semarang. The technique for analizing the data is Structural Equation Modeling (SEM from 16.0 AMOS. Based on the results of data analysis, it can be concluded that the model can be well accepted. The results of this study also provide a theoretical implication; it is the influence of design quality variable, product innovation variable, social competence variable, technical competence variable, products quality variable, service quality variable to the variable of consumers satisfaction is positive and significant

  5. Adaptation to climate change in the field of water: where does France stand?; Adaptation au changement climatique dans le domaine de l'eau: ou en est la France?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Redaud, J.L. [Conseil General de l' Agriculture, de l' Alimentation et des Espaces Ruraux (CGAAER), 75 - Paris (France); Gillet, M. [Observatoire National sur les Efets du Rechauffement Climatique, Ministere de l' Ecologie, de l' Energie, du Developpement Durable et de l' Amenagement du Territoire, 75 - Paris (France); Chartier-Touze, N. [Partenariat Francais pour l' Eau (PFE), 75 - Paris (France)

    2009-07-01

    Climate change today constitutes a two-fold challenge. We have to take steps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, referred to as 'attenuation', while adopting strategies and measures for 'adaptation' to climate change, in other words take steps in advance to limit the impact of climate change and the corresponding damage. The potential effects of climate change on water resources are numerous and in particular affect the distribution of rainfall, the recharging of rivers and aquifers, water supplies, the frequency and intensity of extreme meteorological events, such as drought and flooding, and aqua-tic biodiversity. This will have indirect effects on virtually all environmental and economic sectors. The water sector is therefore particularly closely concerned by adaptation to climate change. (authors)

  6. Sensitive innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergaard, Katia Dupret

    definition developed by Schumpeter that defines innovation as an effort by one or more individuals to create economic profit through a qualitative change by Schumpeter in 1934). These different lines are to do with acknowledging how innovative sources are heterogenic and intangible. Also, it is argued......Present paper discusses sources of innovation as heterogenic and at times intangible processes. Arguing for heterogeneity and intangibility as sources of innovation originates from a theoretical reading in STS and ANT studies (e.g. Callon 1986, Latour 1996, Mol 2002, Pols 2005) and from field work...... in the area of mental health (Dupret Søndergaard 2009, 2010). The concept of sensitive innovation is developed to capture and conceptualise exactly those heterogenic and intangible processes. Sensitive innovation is therefore primarily a way to understand innovative sources that can be...

  7. Innovation hubs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    O´Hara, J.; Hansen, Poul H. Kyvsgård; Turner, N.;

    2008-01-01

    "Whilst ‘incremental innovation' is an imperative for the short-to-medium term success of a company, there is also a need for companies to engage in innovation activity that goes beyond the incremental in order to guarantee long-term success. However, such ‘radical innovation' (RI) poses new...... challenges and requires new competencies, some of which may conflict with existing best-practices for incremental innovations. ‘Innovation hubs' are a type of organisational structure dedicated to RI projects that have been used by companies to manage these conflicts by maintaining a certain degree...... of separation from the culture and routines of the mainstream organisation. Unfortunately, it would appear that many attempts to set-up innovation hubs have ended in failure within a few years; not before considerable time, effort and resource has been expended. This paper reports on a study of six innovation...

  8. DAMPAK PERGESERAN NILAI-NILAI ORGANISASI TERHADAP KEBIJAKSANAAN SUMBER DAYA MANUSIA DAN IMPLIKASINYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sundring Pantja Djati

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Economic globalization caused by the development of innformation and communication technology also is bringing about radical and rapid change. In addition to the company having to face greater numbers of competitors, each company is required to win their market and continually launch innovative products and services. The speed of technology is also increasing innovation with the result that the product cycle has changed, becoming much shorter. New innovations which are developed by the company to respond to consumer demands bring about radical and rapid change. The only sure thing is uncertainty. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Globalisasi ekonomi yang dipicu oleh teknologi informasi dan komunikasi juga menjadikan perubahan menjadi radikal, pesat dan cepat. Disamping perusahaan menghadapi jumlah pesaing yang lebih banyak, masing-masing perusahaan dituntut untuk memenangkan pasar dan terus menerus meluncurkan inovasi produk dan jasa. Kecepatan teknologi juga akan meningkatkan inovasi, akibatnya siklus produk berubah menjadi semakin pendek. Inovasi-inovasi baru yang dikembangkan perusahaan untuk merespon tuntutan konsumen, menghadirkan perubahan radikal, pesat dan cepat, akhirnya yang pasti adalah ketidakpastian itu sendiri. Kata kunci: globalisasi, organisasi, perubahan, kompetisi.

  9. 变革/交易型领导对团队创新绩效的权变影响机制——团队情绪氛围的调节作用%The Contingency Influence Mechanism of Transformational/Transactional Leadership on Workgroup Innovation Performance: The Moderating Role of Workgroup Emotional Climate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小禹; 孙健敏; 周禹

    2011-01-01

    基于85个团队的团队领导和450名团队成员的配对数据,通过统计分析发现:当团队情绪氛围比较积极时,变革型领导与团队创新绩效正相关,交易型领导与团队创新绩效负相关;当团队情绪氛围比较消极时,变革型领导与团队创新绩效负相关,交易型领导与团队创新绩效正相关.最后,结合有关研究结果给出了相应的实践和研究建议.%In this paper, questionnaire survey on 85 workgroup leaders and 450 workgroup members in 85 teams is conducted to examine the model. Analyses of a matched sample show that workgroup emotional climate moderates the relationship between transformational/transactional leadership and workgroup innovation performance. Specifically, when the workgroup emotional climate is positive, transformational leadership is positively related to workgroup innovation performance, and transactional leadership is negatively related to workgroup innovation performance; however, when the workgroup emotional climate is negative, transformational leadership is negatively related to workgroup innovation performance, and transactional leadership is positively related to workgroup innovation performance. Corresponding managerial implications are offered.

  10. 国家低碳创新系统的构建:应对气候变化的道路选择%The Construction of National Low-carbon Innovation System:The Road of the Response to the Climate Change

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李蜀湘; 陆小成

    2011-01-01

    国家低碳创新系统是面向低碳技术创新的由多个组成要素构成的国家创新网络体系,构建促进国家低碳技术进步和低碳经济发展的结构—功能框架.应对全球气候变化,需构建国家低碳创新系统,选择加强低碳技术支撑、强化低碳制度保障、优化低碳产业结构、构建低碳创新合作框架、夯实低碳创新的社会基础等发展道路.%National low-carbon innovation system is the national innovation network system composited of multiple factors for low carbon technology innovation. It is the construction of the structure-functional framework for the low carbon technological progress and the development of low carbon economy. Responding to the global climate change, we should choose these roads to strengthen the technology support of the low carbon innovation, strengthen the institution guarantee of the low carbon innovation, optimize the industrial structure of the low carbon innovation, construct the cooperation framework of the low carbon innovation, and tamp the social basis of the low carbon innovation.

  11. Technical innovation success in China: The use of innovation mechanisms in Chinese SOEs

    OpenAIRE

    Ren, Liqin; Krabbendam, Koos; Weerd-Nederhof, de, Petra C.

    2004-01-01

    Climate for technical innovation has been improving in the past few years in China. This Paper describes a case research related to technical innovation in three Chinese state-owned enterprises (SOEs) in the manufacturing industry, by applying a Western technical audit tool. The data and findings reveal that the investigated Chinese SOEs have already some mechanisms for innovation in place but there is room for improvement and enhancement with respect to the effect on innovation success. It i...

  12. Antropologi dan Jaringannya di Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Jonris G. Purba

    2009-01-01

    Jika melihat tulisan ini sepintas dari judulnya, maka kita akan bertanya mengapa antropologi mempunyai jaringan. Di samping itu kita juga akan bertanya: jaringan seperti apa yang ada dalam antropologi itu? Bagaimana terbentuknya jaringan itu? Dan apa yang menjadi latar belakang munculnya jaringan antropologi tersebut? Serta apa saja manfaat dan kegiatan yang dilaksanakan dalam jaringan tersebut? ker-jul2006- (3)

  13. Les apprenants dans la mise en place des Espaces Numériques de Travail (ENT)

    OpenAIRE

    Bonu, Bruno

    2005-01-01

    La place de l'étudiant dans un processus d'innovation (actuelle et potentielle) peut être examinée dans le déroulement des activités sociales (réunions, démonstrations, entretiens, usages) qui se produisent dans l'Espace Numérique de Travail (ENT) actuellement au stade du prototype, dans les Universités de la région Languedoc-Roussillon. Elles impliquent les étudiants en tant que thème de l'échange ou comme interlocuteurs, plus ou moins actifs. L'analyse de ces activités s'appuie principaleme...

  14. Effects of Team Communication and Job Insecurity Climate on Innovative Behavior:The Moderating Role of Creative Self-Efficacy%团队沟通、工作不安全氛围对创新行为的影响:创造力自我效能感的调节作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨付; 张丽华

    2012-01-01

    采用问卷调查法,以国内十三家大型企业集团75个工作团队共334名团队成员为研究对象,运用分层线性模型分析技术,探讨了团队沟通、工作不安全氛围对团队成员创新行为的影响,以及创造力自我效能感对此关系的调节作用.结果表明,团队沟通、工作不安全氛围对团队成员创新行为有倒U形的影响;创造力自我效能感调节团队沟通、工作不安全氛围与团队成员创新行为之间的关系:员工的创造力自我效能感越高,团队沟通、工作不安全氛围对团队成员创新行为的倒U形影响越小.%Most previous research has revealed the positive relation between team communication and employees' innovative behavior, as well as the negative relation between job insecurity climate and employees' innovative behavior. However, in previous studies, no clear conclusions have been made on the relationship among team communication, job insecurity climate and employees' innovative behavior. Practice has proves that complete positive context or complete negative context would not help inspiring employees' innovative behavior. In addition, an important amount of literature about job insecurity and its consequences has been developed during the past few decades (Sverke, Hellegren, & Naswall, 2002), but most of this research has focused on an individual-analysis perspective, without taking into account social context. Although job insecurity climate has not been empirically examined, several authors have implicitly assumed that job insecurity contexts exist insome organizations where layoffs have occurred. The current study aims to examine a conceptual model on the role of team communication and job insecurity climate in Chinese employees' innovative behavior. Based on the person-situation interaction theory, it is hypothesized that there is a reversed U shape relation between team communication, job insecurity climate and employees' innovative behavior

  15. PARTICIPATORY INNOVATION

    OpenAIRE

    JACOB BUUR; BEN MATTHEWS

    2008-01-01

    An increasing number of corporations engage with users in co-innovation of products and services. But there are a number of competing perspectives on how best to integrate these understandings into existing corporate innovation development processes. This paper maps out three of the dominant approaches, compares them in terms of goals, methods and basic philosophy, and shows how they may beneficially enrich one another. We will present an industrial innovation case that has been instrumental ...

  16. Structure Analysis and Evolution Path of Industrial Enterprises' Innovation Climate:Empirical Evidence from Industrial Enterprises in Heilongjiang Province%工业企业创新氛围的结构分析及演化研究——基于黑龙江省工业企业的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙冰; 赵健

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyzes the industrial enterprises' innovation climate with the factor analysis method, does empirical research with the panel data from Heilongjiang industrial enterprises, and deconstructs the innovation climate in the way of internal power structure and external structure, then gets management motive, group power, control and market motive this four power factors, and innovative awareness, innovative pressure, innovation barriers and innovation DOFCdegree of freedom) this four main components, and gets evolutionary direction of innovation climate from five years' structural changes. Finally, according to the research, this paper puts forward relevant suggestions for industrial enterprises and research orientation for the future.%应用因子分析等方法对工业企业创新氛围进行分析,使用来源于黑龙江省工业企业的面板数据进行实证研究,从内部动力结构和外部结构两方面将创新氛围进行解构,得出管理动力、群体动力、控制力和市场动力4个动力因子,以及创新意识、创新压力、创新阻碍和创新自由度4个创新氛围主成分,并从5年的结构变化中得出创新氛围演化方向.最后根据以上研究,提出营造工业企业创新氛围的建议并提出以后的研究方向.

  17. Inovasi Fonologis dan Variasi Leksikal dalam Bahasa Bugis Dialek Sinjai

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herawati A. Paduai

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is about innovation in Buginese language that is used in Sinjai Regency. The result of the study indicates that there are six vowel phonemes and 21 consonant phonemes. Two kinds of phonological variations are found: vowel variations, namely, [e] ~ [i], [a] ~ [i], [o] ~ [u], [a] ~ [|], and [o] ~ [|], and consonant variations, namely, [k] ~ [g], and [w] ~ [h]. The lexical variation indicates the following linguistic phenomena: onomatiology, aphaeresis, syncope, epenthesis, prothesis, and metathesis. The result indicates that there are  lexical items  different from those of the standard Buginese language but  have similarities with Konjo language. Dalam makalah ini dibahas mengenai inovasi dalam bahasa   Bugis dialek Sinjai. Hasil penelitian membuktikan bahwa terdapat 6 fonem vokal dan 21 fonem konsonan dalam bahasa Bugis dialek Sinjai. Ditemukan juga dua jenis variasi fonologis, yaitu variasi fonem vokal: [e] ~ [i], [a] ~ [i], [o] ~ [u], [a] ~ [|], dan [o] ~ [|], serta variasi konsonan:  [k] ~ [g], dan [w] ~ [h]. Variasi leksikal yang ditemukan meliputi beberapa gejala kebahasaan, yaitu: onomasiologis, aferesis, sinkope, epentesis, protesis, dan metatesis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa banyak leksikon bahasa Bugis dialek Sinjai berbeda dengan bahasa Bugis standar, tetapi mirip dengan leksikon bahasa Konjo.

  18. Innovation @ NASA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roman, Juan A.

    2014-01-01

    This presentation provides an overview of the activities National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is doing to encourage innovation across the agency. All information provided is available publicly.

  19. The Interrelationship Between Focal Firm's Leadership Style and Innovation Climate in Technology Innovation Network%核心企业领导风格与网络创新氛围的关联性研究--基于技术创新网络的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王方; 党兴华; 李玲

    2014-01-01

    In order to understand the relationship between the leading firm's leadership style and the network mem-bers cognition about innovation climate in the network, this study conducts the research by the questionnaire survey procedure in Chinese High-Technology corporations and access relevant information. The results showed that the con-textual leadership has the remarkable influence on the focal firm' innovation encourage and participative safety, but has no remarkable influences on common vision; Focal firm's transformational leadership have the remarkable influ-ence on the innovation encourage and common vision, but has no remarkable influences on participative safety.%以中国高新技术企业为被试对象,通过开展问卷调查,探讨技术创新网络中核心企业领导风格对网络成员创新氛围感知的影响。结果显示:技术创新网络中,核心企业情境型领导风格对网络成员的创新支持感知和参与安全感知均有较高的正向影响,但对成员的愿景目标感知无显著影响;核心企业变革型领导风格对网络成员的创新支持感知有较高的影响,对成员的愿景目标感知有中度影响,但对网络成员的参与安全感知无显著影响。

  20. Les Biotechnologies Marines dans le Grand Ouest

    OpenAIRE

    Boyen, Catherine; Jaouen, Pascal; Blanchard, Gilbert; Compere, Chantal; Dufour, Alain; Durand, Patrick; Guerard, Fabienne; Hallouin, Florence; Jebbar, Mohamed; Le Blay, Gwenaelle; Le Deit, Hervé; Le Seyec, Jocelyne; Monks, Brian; Portal-sellin, Rachel; Probert, Ian

    2015-01-01

    Marine (= blue) biotechnology, i.e. the utilization of marine bio-resources as a target or source of biotechnological applications, is a field with massive potential for innovation and economic growth. In a context of rapid climate change and increasing pressure on natural resources, renewed interest in marine biotechnology has been promoted by application of recent methodological and technological advances, notably in bioprocessing and in the various –omics domains, to the study of marine bi...

  1. PENINGKATAN KUALITAS DAN PROSES PEMBUATAN BIODIESEL DARI BLENDING MINYAK KELAPA SAWIT (PALM OIL) DAN MINYAK KELAPA (COCONUT OIL) DAN BANTUAN GELOMBANG ULTRASONIK

    OpenAIRE

    Hantoro Satriadi; Favian Nafiega; W Widayat; Rheza Dipo

    2015-01-01

    Keterbatasan solar sebagai sumber energi bahan bakunya tidak dapat diperbaharui menuntut adanya bahan baku alternatif yang dapat diperbaharui dan ramah lingkungan untuk pembuatan biodiesel. Reaksi utama produksi biodiesel adalah esterifikasi dan transestirifikasi yang berlangsung lambat dan membutuhkan banyak katalis dan alkohol. Reaksi yang terjadi belum sempurna dan belum memenuhi standar SNI dan ASTM. Untuk memperbaiki mutu biodiesel serta menghasilkan yield maksimal, maka dilakukan blendi...

  2. Entrepreneurial Innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rigotti, L.; Ryan, M.; Vaithianathan, R.

    2001-01-01

    This paper constructs an equilibrium model of entrepreneurial innovation where individuals differ in their attitude toward uncertainty.Unlike previous models of innovation, the firm-formation process is endogenous.An entrepreneur, who owns residual profits, utilizes an uncertain technology and hires

  3. Managing Innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mason, Marilyn Gell

    1991-01-01

    Describes one library's use of technological innovation to provide Associated Press updates over the library's 24-hour dial-up service during the Persian Gulf War. Suggests five rules for innovation: (1) develop a shared vision; (2) foster frequent, formal, and informal communication; (3) empower employees; (4) take limited risks; and (5) use, but…

  4. Innovation process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolodovski, A.

    2006-01-01

    Purpose of this report: This report was prepared for RISO team involved in design of the innovation system Report provides innovation methodology to establish common understanding of the process concepts and related terminology The report does not includeRISO- or Denmark-specific cultural, econom...

  5. Online Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vujovic, Sladjana; Ulhøi, John Parm

    2008-01-01

    implications for existing software manufacturers. The paper therefore includes the case of IBM, a company which has successfully integrated this new and more open way of collaboration into its business model. Findings - The paper concludes that online computer-based innovation fundamentally challenges current......  Purpose - The aim of this paper is to investigate the role of online networking during the innovation process, including its role(s) in communication, cooperation and coordination. The paper neither implicitly assumes that online computer-based networking is a prerequisite for the innovation...... ways of communicating, cooperating and coordinating during the innovation and product development process. Moreover, it challenges the traditional business model in that it forces the actors involved to shift the focus from the innovation itself to the identification of new supporting services higher...

  6. Accidental Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Austin, Robert D.; Devin, Lee; Sullivan, Erin E.

    2012-01-01

    Historical accounts of human achievement suggest that accidents can play an important role in innovation. In this paper, we seek to contribute to an understanding of how digital systems might support valuable unpredictability in innovation processes by examining how innovators who obtain value from...... they incorporate accidents into their deliberate processes and arranged surroundings. By comparing makers working in varied conditions, we identify specific factors (e.g., technologies, characteristics of technologies) that appear to support accidental innovation. We show that makers in certain specified...... conditions not only remain open to accident but also intentionally design their processes and surroundings to invite and exploit valuable accidents. Based on these findings, we offer advice for the design of digital systems to support innovation processes that can access valuable unpredictability....

  7. Participatory Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buur, Jacob; Matthews, Ben

    2008-01-01

    An increasing number of corporations engage with users in co-innovation of products and services. But there are a number of competing perspectives on how best to integrate these understandings into existing corporate innovation development processes. This paper maps out three of the dominant...... approaches, compares them in terms of goals, methods and basic philosophy, and shows how they may beneficially enrich one another. We will present an industrial innovation case that has been instrumental to the development of what we have termed ‘Participatory Innovation’. Based on this we will list...... the challenges such an approach sets to innovation management, and discuss research directions we see as fundamental to the development of the field of user-driven innovation. Udgivelsesdato: September...

  8. MAPPING INNOVATION

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thuesen, Christian Langhoff; Koch, Christian

    2011-01-01

    By adopting a theoretical framework from strategic niche management research (SNM) this paper presents an analysis of the innovation system of the Danish Construction industry. Theories within SNM look upon innovation in a sector as a socio-technical phenomenon and identifies three levels of socio......-technical interaction within which sectorial innovation can be explained. The analysis shows a multifaceted landscape of innovation around an existing regime, built in the existing ways of working and developing over generations. The regime is challenged from various niches and the sociotechnical landscape through...... trends as globalization. Three niches (Lean Construction, BIM and System Deliveries) are subject to a detailed analysis showing partly incompatible rationales and various degrees of innovation potential. The paper further discusses how existing policymaking operates in a number of tensions one being...

  9. Everyday Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lippke, Lena; Wegener, Charlotte

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore how vocational teachers’ everyday practices can constitute innovative learning spaces that help students to experience engagement and commitment towards education and thus increase their possibilities for completing their studies despite notable...... difficulties. Design/methodology/approach – Based on two ethnographic field studies, we analyse vocational teaching situations in which teachers and students engage in daily remaking of the vocational educational training practice. It is argued that these everyday situations can be understood as innovative...... transformation of participation and practice. Findings – The exploration of teachers’ practicing new learning spaces sheds light on innovation potential embedded in everyday educational practices. The paper thus challenges the celebration of radical innovation and argues that innovation emerges from everyday...

  10. Which role for methane emissions reduction in climate change mitigation policies; Quel role pour les reductions d'emission de methane dans la lutte contre le changement climatique?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boucher, O. [Met Office-Hadley Centre (United Kingdom)

    2010-02-15

    Various arguments have been put forward to justify a rapid action to mitigate climate change through reductions in methane emissions. As part of a multi-gas emission reduction approach this requires defining an equivalence between methane and carbon dioxide. In this article, we discuss the physical and economical basis for a quantitative estimate of such an equivalence. Although this equivalence depends on a parameter which involves a value judgement on the most appropriate timescale for climate change, we show that it is difficult to justify a methane weight that is much different from the 100-year global warming potential that is currently used in the framework of the Kyoto protocol. (author)

  11. Innovation in Small and Medium Firms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France). Committee for Scientific and Technical Personnel.

    A study analyzed the policies of 20 Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) member countries pertaining to small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Aims of the study were to assess the current role of SMEs as generators and users of innovations, to analyze the components of a favorable climate for innovation in SMEs, and to…

  12. Kitab kuning dan perempuan, perempuan dan kitab kuning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bruinessen, M.M. van

    2007-01-01

    Kitab Kuning dan Emansipasi Perempuan: Konflik Budaya? Pengamatan-pengamatan Masdar mengenai kedudukan perempuan dalam diskursus (wacana, bahasan) dominan kitab kuning terasa tidak enak didengar tetapi memang sulit dibantah. Baik dalam penggunaan bahasa (yang sangat memihak kepada jenis mudzakkar) m

  13. KINERJA DAN EFISIENSI BANK PEMERINTAH (BUMN) DAN BUSN YANG GO PUBLIK DI INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Sugeng Haryanto

    2012-01-01

    Penelitian ini menganalisis kinerja dan tingkat efisiensi bank-bank BUMN dan BUSN yang go Publik di Bursa Efek Indonesia.  Sample penelitian ini mengambil  tiga bank BUMN Bank BNI 46, Bank Mandiri dan Bank BRI)  dan tiga bank BUSN (Bank BCA, Bank Niaga dan Bank Panin) dengan periode analisis tahun 2005-2011. Varibael yang digunakan meliputi ROA, ROE, LAR. LDR, NPL dan BOPO. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah melihat dan menganalisis perbedaan kinerja antara Bank BUMN dan BUSN yang go public di...

  14. KONSEP DAN PRAKTIK PENDIDIKAN MULTIKULTURAL DI AMERIKA SERIKAT DAN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juju Masunah

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Concepts and Practices of Multi Cultural Education in the United States and in Indonesia. The purpose of this article is to discuss multicultural education consepts and practices in the U.S.A and its application to Indonesia. Data is based on a case study research of two dance educators who implemented multicultural education concept in Columbus, Ohio in year 2007. The result of this research is that two dance educators teach students equally by developing a curriculum and pedagogy that face democracy for all students. This concept and practice is possible to be applied to dance education in Indonesia. Abstrak: Konsep dan Praktik Pendidikan Multikultural di Amerika Serikat dan Indonesia. Tujuan artikel ini adalah untuk mendiskusikan konsep dan praktik pendidikan multikultural di Amerika Serikat dan Indonesia. Data-data diperoleh dari hasil penelitian studi kasus dua orang pendidik tari di Columbus, Ohio yang menerapkan konsep pendidikan multikultural dalam pembelajaran tari pada tahun 2007. Peneli­tian ini menyimpulkan bahwa dua guru tari tersebut memberi perlakuan yang sama dan adil terhadap se­mua siswa dengan cara yang demokratis dengan memperhatikan keberagaman dan keperbedaan siswa. Cara-cara ini sangat memungkinkan untuk diaplikasikan dalam pendidikan tari di Indonesia.

  15. Policy Innovation in Innovation Policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borras, Susana

    During the past two decades Europe has experienced important changes and transformations in the way in which governments approach the issue of science, technology and innovation, and their relation to economic growth and competitiveness. This has to do with the European Union level as well...... as with national and sub-national governments in Europe, all of them introducing interesting novelties in their innovation policy. These changes refer to different aspects of policy, mainly the content of policy initiatives towards science, technology and innovation; the instruments governments are using...... the issue of generating incentives to boost innovation? Second, what are the specific policy innovations that have been introduced since then, in particular the type of policy instruments being used? And last but not least, how can this policy change be characterized and explained both in terms of actors...

  16. Do use the climate policy mechanisms of the Kyoto protocol.. An interview with Hartmut Grass, Hamburg; Innovative Instrumente des Kyoto-Protokolls nutzen.. Interview mit Hartmut Grassl, Hamburg

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    1999-12-01

    The aspects discussed in this interview are of a global and national nature. The global aspects relate to the results of the UN conference in Kyoto in matters of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, and the national aspects relate to Germany's environmental and energy policy and the current situation in the context of global policy for greenhouse gas abatement. (orig./CB) [German] Nach der Anfang November in Bonn zu Ende gegangenen 5. Vertragsstaatenkonferenz zur Klimarahmenkonvention bleiben trotz Bewegung die grossen Fragen fuer die Folgekonferenz im naechsten Jahr in Den Haag vorbehalten. Fehlt der akute Zeitdruck, herrscht inzwischen Entlastung an der Klimafront? Welche Rolle spielen Boeden, Wasser und Waelder im Klimageschehen, welche die Methanemission? Und schliesslich: Wo steht Deutschland und welches Gewicht besitzen die flexiblen Instrumente in einer internationalen Klimapolitik? lauten die Themen des 'et'-Interviews mit Klimaforscher H. Grassl. (orig.)

  17. 团队差序氛围对团队创新绩效的影响机制研究——知识转移的视角%Research of effect to team innovation performance from team Chaxu climate based on knowledge transfer perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭正龙; 赵红丹

    2011-01-01

    整合差序格局理论与团队创新理论,基于知识转移视角,构建了团队差序氛围与团队创新绩效的概念模型,并通过选取本土企业项目团队主管及其直接下属的421个配对样本,运用层级回归分析对假设进行验证。研究结果发现,团队差序氛围与知识共享及团队创新绩效显著负相关,知识共享与团队创新绩效显著正相关,知识共享对团队差序氛围与团队创新绩效之间的关系起部分中介作用,而知识转移渠道对团队差序氛围与团队创新绩效之间关系起负向调节作用。相关结论对本土管理者从团队差序氛围的角度考虑团队创新绩效的提升,具有一定的借鉴和指导意义。%Integrating chaxu structure theory and team innovation theory, the paper construct the concept model of team chaxu climate and team innovation performance based on knowledge transfer perspective. On the basis of the hypothetical model, we tested it by means of 421 dyad samples of the leaders and their subordinates from local firms' team. Results of the analyses suggest that team chaxu climate has a negative impact on team innovation performance and knowledge sharing. In addition, knowledge sharing has a positive impact on team innovation performance. The results also show that knowledge sharing has a partial mediation role between team chaxu climate and team innovation performance, and knowledge transfer channel has obvious function of adjusting the relationship between team chaxu climate and team innovation performance. The conclusion provides directive meaning to Chinese firms when they improve team innovation performance in the view of team chaxu climate.

  18. Design & Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boelskifte, Per; Jørgensen, Ulrik

    2005-01-01

    The new design and innovation programme at DTU is challenging some of the standard concepts dominating most engineering educations. The programme, its background, context and basic educational ideas are presented and discussed in this paper. To build competences that match the need for innovative...... and design oriented engineers in industry and society has turned out to challenge a number of the standard – and often taken for granted – concepts in engineering education still dominated world wide by rather strict norms and concepts of learning that do not challenge the students creativity and innovative...

  19. Responsive Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Carsten

    of the firm’s daily operations. Yet, they are rarely asked to provide updated information about critical issues. The present paper seeks to conceptually develop the notion of responsive innovation, by drawing on literary streams concerning collective sensing, strategic issue diagnosis and integra......-tive strategy within a micro foundations perspective. It is posited that companies should root their innovation processes in the collective sensing of frontline-employees and customers that operate around the organizational periphery. This frames the con-cept of responsive innovation, where individuals engaged...

  20. Participatory Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buur, Jacob; Matthews, Ben

    In this paper we discuss the potential for Participatory Design (PD) to make a fundamental contribution to the business-oriented field of user-driven innovation, taking note of where we find PD can best benefit from interaction with this other field. We examine some of the challenges that must...... be addressed if PD is to contribute to innovation processes in companies. We conclude by presenting a research agenda comprising of six promising topics to shape a new discipline of Participatory Innovation....

  1. Obituary: Professor Paul Dan Cristea

    OpenAIRE

    Tabus, Ioan; Serpedin, Erchin; Astola, Jaakko

    2013-01-01

    Paul Dan Cristea, professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at ‘Politehnica’ University of Bucharest died on 17 April 2013, following several years of bravely battling a perfidious illness.

  2. Transforming Innovation for Sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian Ely

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The urgency of charting pathways to sustainability that keep human societies within a "safe operating space" has now been clarified. Crises in climate, food, biodiversity, and energy are already playing out across local and global scales and are set to increase as we approach critical thresholds. Drawing together recent work from the Stockholm Resilience Centre, the Tellus Institute, and the STEPS Centre, this commentary article argues that ambitious Sustainable Development Goals are now required along with major transformation, not only in policies and technologies, but in modes of innovation themselves, to meet them. As examples of dryland agriculture in East Africa and rural energy in Latin America illustrate, such "transformative innovation" needs to give far greater recognition and power to grassroots innovation actors and processes, involving them within an inclusive, multi-scale innovation politics. The three dimensions of direction, diversity, and distribution along with new forms of "sustainability brokering" can help guide the kinds of analysis and decision making now needed to safeguard our planet for current and future generations.

  3. KINERJA Jurnal Bisnis dan Ekonomi

    OpenAIRE

    Kaaro, Hermeindito; Sukamulja, Sukmawati; Kusumastuti, Sri Yani; Krisnadewara, P. Didit; Lako, Andreas; Widiastuti, Theresia Diah; Ellitan, Lena; Priyogo, C. Jarot

    2004-01-01

    1. Kebangkrutan Versus Restrukturisasi:Evaluasi dan Prediksi Kelangsungan Hidup Perusahaan Pasca Krisis Keuangan 1997 oleh Hermeindito Kaaro 2. Morning LosSQS and Afternoon Price Volatility: Evidence of Jsksrts Stock Exchange oleh Sukmawati Sukamulja 3. Penentuan NilaiTukar: Pengujian Purchasing Power Parity diIndonesia oleh Sri Yani Kusumastuti 4. SurveiKinerja KoneksiInternet dan Kemampuan lnvestasi Warnet di Yogyakarta oleh P. Didit Krisnadewara 5. Peranan Corporate Str...

  4. Reconsidering Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vaaben, Nana Katrine

    2014-01-01

    and debates about change, myths, and othering can help us rethink theoretical approaches to innovation in organizational studies, and the concern is especially to consider the implications that our “innovation myths” can have for public employees and the valuation their work. The argument in the paper......, is by taking the reader along on a journey through a fieldwork that changed my own understanding of innovation, made me look for alternative theories to address cultural understandings of change and continuity in organizational settings, and brought me back to myths of creation, Claude Lévi......Innovation and reforms seem to be on the agenda everywhere, not least in political attempts to reorganize the public sector in ways that are supposed to enable our welfare societies to survive economic turmoil and sinister future prognosis. This paper examines how classical anthropological theories...

  5. MAPPING INNOVATION

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thuesen, Christian Langhoff; Koch, Christian

    2011-01-01

    By adopting a theoretical framework from strategic niche management research (SNM) this paper presents an analysis of the innovation system of the Danish Construction industry. The analysis shows a multifaceted landscape of innovation around an existing regime, built around existing ways of working...... and developed over generations. The regime is challenged from various niches and the socio-technical landscape through trends as globalization. Three niches (Lean Construction, BIM and System Deliveries) are subject to a detailed analysis showing partly incompatible rationales and various degrees of innovation...... potential. The paper further discusses how existing policymaking operates in a number of tensions one being between government and governance. Based on the concepts from SNM the paper introduces an innovation map in order to support the development of meta-governance policymaking. By mapping some...

  6. Software Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rose, Jeremy

      Innovation is the forgotten key to modern systems development - the element that defines the enterprising engineer, the thriving software firm and the cutting edge software application.  Traditional forms of technical education pay little attention to creativity - often encouraging overly...... rationalistic ways of thinking which stifle the ability to innovate. Professional software developers are often drowned in commercial drudgery and overwhelmed by work pressure and deadlines. The topic that will both ensure success in the market and revitalize their work lives is never addressed. This book sets...... out the new field of software innovation. It organizes the existing scientific research into eight simple heuristics - guiding principles for organizing a system developer's work-life so that it focuses on innovation....

  7. Determinants of Marketing Performance: Innovation, Market Capabilities and Marketing Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naili Farida

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This research aim to analyze causality influence between innovations, market capability, social modal, entrepreneurs oriented into marketing performance. Organizational innovations is a basic focus on Total  Quality Management. Innovation has a role to technological development and competitive economy environment. The sample technique used is Purpusive sampling amount 58 respondent owner of Batik Small Medium Enterprise known as UKM.  Small businesses have small medium or medium can grow and develop so that it is able to increase its product and sustainability efforts on the creative industry. The technique analysis used is Parsial Least Square (PLS, this result shows entrepreneur orientation doesn’t influence into market capability and social modal, innovation has positive influence and significance into market capability and marketing performance. This results shows innovation has important role in advantaging market capability while influencing to increase marketing performance of Small Medium Enterprise known as UKM. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh kausalitas antara inovasi, kemampuan pasar, modal sosial, pengusaha berorientasi ke kinerja pemasaran. Inovasi organisasi adalah dasar TQM. Inovasi mempunyai peran pentinga dalam pengembangan teknologi dan lingkungan yang penuh persaingan. Teknik sampel yang digunakan adalah Purposive Sampling jumlah 58 pemilik responden dari Batik Kecil Menengah dikenal sebagai UKM. UKM dapat tumbuh dan berkembang melalui industri kreatif. Teknik analisis yang digunakan adalah Parsial Least Square (PLS, hasil ini menunjukkan orientasi entrepreneur tidak mempengaruhi ke kemampuan pasar dan modal sosial, inovasi berpengaruh positif dan signifikan dalam kemampuan pasar dan kinerja pemasaran. Hal ini menyebabkan menunjukkan inovasi memiliki peran penting dalam advantaging kemampuan pasar sementara yang mempengaruhi untuk meningkatkan kinerja pemasaran Kecil Menengah dikenal sebagai UKM.

  8. Extreme Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Sandmeier, Patricia; Gassmann, Oliver

    2006-01-01

    The article focuses on a study which examined the application of extreme programming methods to product innovation and development. Extreme programming is a process used in software engineering which deals with the fast changing customer requirements. The methodology used in the study is described. The study explored the challenges associated with product innovation structuring and management. The implications of the study findings for companies are highlighted.

  9. Introducing land-cover and land-use changes in a climate scenario of the 21. century; Prise en compte des changements de vegetation dans un scenario climatique du 21. siecle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Voldoire, A

    2005-03-15

    The main objective of this work has been to run a climate simulation of the 21. century that includes not only greenhouse gases and aerosols emitted by human activity but also land-use and land-cover changes. To achieve this goal, the integrated impact model IMAGE2.2 (developed at RIVM, The Netherlands) was used, which simulates the evolution of greenhouse gases concentrations as well as land-cover changes. This model has been coupled to the general circulation model ARPEGE/OPA provided by the CNRM. Before coupling the models, sensitivity experiments with each model have been performed to test their respective sensitivity to the forcing of the other. Ultimately, a simulation with the two models coupled together has shown that interactions between climate and vegetation are not of primary importance for century scale studies. (author)

  10. Climate Change Impacts in the sub-Antarctic Islands Technical Report N.2 of ONERC; Impacts du changement climatique dans les iles subantarctiques. Rapport Technique N.2 de l'ONERC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-07-01

    Difficult to apprehend as a whole, the polar regions constitute the Arctic to the North, an ocean surrounded by emerged lands, and the Antarctic to the South, a continent bordered by the Austral Ocean where a belt of sub Antarctic islands lies. Climate change impacts on sub Antarctic islands are varied, direct and indirect: glacier retreat, more favourable conditions for introduced species, marine biodiversity modification, etc. This report discusses the French, British, Australian, South African and New Zealand sub Antarctic islands, the climatic evolutions and the resulting impacts, focused especially on biodiversity. The Observatoire National sur les Effets du Rechauffement Climatique and the International Polar Foundation have been joined in this endeavour by the French polar institute Paul-Emile Victor, the administration of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands (TAAF in French) and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature. (authors)

  11. PENGEMBANGAN MODUL TEMATIK DAN INOVATIF BERKARAKTER PADA TEMA PENCEMARAN LINGKUNGAN UNTUK SISWA KELAS VII SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Izzati

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kelayakan modul tematik dan inovatif berkarakter pada tema pencemaran lingkungan dan mengetahui pengaruh modul terhadap peningkatan karakter siswa SMP. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian dan pengembangan. Berdasarkan penelitian yang telah dilakukan, didapatkan kelayakan modul dengan kategori sangat layak, angket siswa dan guru mendapatkan kriteria sangat baik, aktivitas siswa mendapat kategori sangat aktif, dan analisis hasil belajar siswa mencapai KKM sebesar 100%. Berdasarkan hasil analisis karakter siswa diperoleh peningkatan karakter siswa dengan kategori sedang. Skor tertinggi terdapat pada karakter komunikatif dan skor terendah pada karakter percaya diri. This research is aimed to find out the validity of thematic, innovative, characterize module Environment Pollution theme and to find out the effect of the module toward the improvement with students’s character. The design of this research is Research and Development. Based on the result of research, it was obtained that module validity showed very valid category, the student and teacher’s questionnaire showed very good category, the students’s activity showed very active category, and the analysis of students’s learning reached the passing grade in amount of 100%. Based on the data analysis of student’s character, it was obtained that the improvement of students’s character is in medium category. The highest score is communicative character and the lowest score for a confident character.

  12. DAYA SAING DAN STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN MINYAK SAWIT DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jauhar Samudera Nayantakaningtyas

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe aims of this study were to analyze the competitiveness of Indonesian Crude palm oil CPO products in the international market and to analyze the strategy to improve the competitiveness of Indonesian CPO. The analysis methods used this research were descriptive qualitative methods. The tools used to analyze the competitiveness of palm oil is Revealed Comparative Advantages and Porter Diamond Theory, while the development of the strategy used to determine the SWOT method. Based on the analysis of Porter's Diamond System and revealed comparative advantages, this study concluded that the competitiveness of Indonesian CPO was pretty strong, but it still needed a strategy to strengthen its competitiveness especially on derivative products. Some of the routine strategies that need to be done every year, are the development of the CPO industry human resources through training and innovation activities, paying attention to national and international issues by improving government policies, downstream industrial development and palm oil value-added increase, enhance cooperation with manufacturers from other countries through promotions.Keywords: crude palm oil, competitiveness, strategy, analysis of porter's diamondABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis daya saing produk Crude Palm Oil (CPO Indonesia di pasar internasional dan menganalisis strategi peningkatan daya saing CPO Indonesia. Metode pengolahan dan analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif kualitatif. Alat  yang digunakan untuk menganalisis daya saing minyak sawit  adalah Revealed Comparative Advantages dan Teori Berlian Porter, sedangkan untuk mengetahui strategi pengembangan digunakan metode SWOT. Hasil analisis Sistem Berlian Porter dan revealed comparative advantages disimpulkan bahwa daya saing CPO Indonesia cukup kuat, namun masih diperlukan adanya strategi untuk memperkuat terutama pada produk turunan CPO. Strategi rutin yang harus

  13. Climate change in the Alps: impacts and natural risks. ONERC's Technical Report N.1; Changement climatiques dans les Alpes: Impacts et risques naturels. Rapport Technique N.1 de l'ONERC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    Mountain ranges are very sensitive to climatic variations. The impacts of climate change on theses territories can be various, from the modification of the biodiversity to the permafrost melting and the evolution of natural hazards. The assessment of temperature rise and its impacts on mountains constitutes an important issue considering the strong uncertainties and the specific sensitivity linked to these areas. The territorial manager - policy makers and technicians - have to deal with this questioning for the implementation of short term actions as well as for strategic choices in terms of land planning and spatial development. This is why 22 public institutions from seven Alpine countries were involved in the European ClimChAlp project. The ONERC participated actively to this project in collaboration with the Rhone-Alpes Region and the Pole Grenoblois Risques Naturels. This report is based on the synthesis realised by the French partners to propose a common base of knowledge about climate change and its impacts in the Alps. (authors)

  14. KAJIAN BIOAKTIF DAN ZAT GIZI PROPOLIS INDONESIA DAN BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliza Halim

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTIndonesia has a potency to produce its own propolis, however the propolis market in Indonesia is dominated by imported product, such as from Brazil. Currently, still there is no reasearch which evaluate bioactive compound and nutrient content of Indonesian Propolis (IP compare with Brazilian Propolis (BP. The objectivesof this study were to analyze bioactive compounds and nutrient contents of IP compared to BP. Bioactive compounds and nutrients content were analyzed by gas chromatography–mass spectrophotometry. The resultsshowed both IP and BP contain fenol, α-amyrin, cylolanost, and pyrimidines. Bioactive compounds which specifically found in IP were eudesmane compound, ethyl acridine, lupeol, friedooleanan; while β amyrin and cinnamic acid compound only found in BP. The nutrient contents of IP were higher than BP except for vitamin A. In conclusion, IP might have potential health benefit, similar to BP.Key words: propolis, bioactive, nutrientABSTRAKIndonesia mempunyai potensi untuk menghasilkan propolis tetapi pemasaran propolis di Indonesia didominasi oleh propolis impor seperti propolis yang berasal Brasil. Sampai saat ini belum ada penelitian yang mengungkapkandungan bioaktif dan zat gizi propolis Indonesia (PI dibandingkan dengan propolis Brasil (PB. Oleh karena itu tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk melakukan kajian kandungan bioaktif dan zat gizi (vitamin dan mineral PI dibandingkan dengan PB. Komponen bioaktif dan kandungn gizi dianalisis dengan metode gas chromatography–mass spectrometry. Hasil analisis menyatakan bahwa baik PI maupun PB mengandung senyawa fenol, α-amyrin, cylolanost, dan pirimidin. Komponen bioaktif unik yang ditemukan di dalam PI adalah senyawaeudesmane, ethyl acridine, lupeol dan friedooleanan; sedangkan β-amyrin dan senyawa asam sinamat hanya ditemukan di dalam PB. Kandungan zat gizi PI lebih tinggi dari PB kecuali kandungan vitamin A. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa PI kemungkinan mempunyai khasiat untuk

  15. Innovative 'Artificial Mussels' technology for assessing spatial and temporal distribution of metals in Goulburn-Murray catchments waterways, Victoria, Australia: effects of climate variability (dry vs. wet years).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kibria, Golam; Lau, T C; Wu, Rudolf

    2012-12-01

    The "Artificial mussel" (AM), a novel passive sampling technology, was used for the first time in Australia in freshwater to monitor and assess the risk of trace metals (Cd, Cu, Hg, Pb, and Zn). AMs were deployed at 10 sites within the Goulburn-Murray Water catchments, Victoria, Australia during a dry year (2009-2010) and a wet year (2010-2011). Our results showed that the AMs accumulated all the five metals. Cd, Pb, Hg were detected during the wet year but below detection limits during the dry year. At some sites close to orchards, vine yards and farming areas, elevated levels of Cu were clearly evident during the dry year, while elevated levels of Zn were found during the wet year; the Cu indicates localized inputs from the agricultural application of copper fungicide. The impacts from old mines were significantly less compared 'hot spots'. Our study demonstrated that climate variability (dry, wet years) can influence the metal inputs to waterways via different transport pathways. Using the AMs, we were able to identify various 'hot spots' of heavy metals, which may pose a potential risk to aquatic ecosystems (sub-lethal effects to fish) and public (via food chain metal bioaccumulation and biomagnification) in the Goulburn-Murray Water catchments. The State Protection Policy exempted artificial channels and drains from protection of beneficial use (including protection of aquatic ecosystems) and majority of sites ('hot spots') were located within artificial irrigation channels. PMID:23070068

  16. What is Media Innovation?

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    In order to understand and explain current developments in the media landscape, using the lens of innovation and innovation theory adds value to media research. This chapter gives a theoretical introduction to the concept of innovation. It argues that media innovations may be related to product innovation, process innovation, position innovation, paradigmatic innovation and social innovation, and that innovation may involve different degrees of novelty. The chapter also highlights key influen...

  17. Provotypes for Participatory Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boer, Laurens; Donovan, Jared

    2012-01-01

    across stakeholders. In this paper we map how provotyping contributes to four related areas of contemporary Interaction Design practice. Through a case study that brings together stakeholders from the field of indoor climate, we provide characteristics of design provocations and design guidelines for......Central to multi-stakeholder processes of participatory innovation is to generate knowledge about ‘users’ and to identify business opportunities accordingly. In these processes of collaborative analysis and synthesis, conflicting perceptions within and about a field of interest are likely to...

  18. Evaluation de l'acceptabilité d'une nouvelle technologie dans le domaine medicale

    OpenAIRE

    Esparza Ribera, Elena

    2010-01-01

    Les types de produits innovants concernés, les types d’organisations proches de la HAD impactées avec leur complexité. Les industries et industriel promoteurs et les décideurs impliqués dans les choix d'implémentation dans les organisations. Les différents dispositifs d'évaluation adaptés à cette complexité et cohérent avec les objectifs définis. Avec une attention organisationnel "Project ANR SKOOB" où les deux laboratoires LGI et ERPI sont impliqués. UN premier terrain d'application pourrai...

  19. STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN AGROINDUSTRI DAN PENINGKATAN NILAI TAMBAH GAMBIR DI KABUPATEN LIMA PULUH KOTA SUMATERA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Afni Evalia

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe objectives of this study were (1 to analyze the gambir-based-industry development potential in Lima Puluh Kota regencies and to understand the added value received by developing gambir products, (2 to compose the internal and external factors which effects the gambir agroindustry development’s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats, and (3 to devise a strategies to develop an export oriented strong gambir  processing industry. The analysis were used internal factor evaluation-external factors evaluation matrices which were used to sum up and evaluate the main strength and weakness in certain functions which can also be used as the base to identify strength and weakness conditions, SWOT analysis and quantitative strategic planning matrix. To illustrate the added value of gambir processing, the Hayami method was used. From the analysis, the increases in added values were obtained  from processing gambir into catechine and Tannin. Three kilograms of gambir can produce a 91,67% added value ratio of catechine and a 83,81% added value ratio of  Tannin. Based on the SWOT matrix, four alternative sets of strategies were derived, which are (1 reinvigorating the ATP (agrotechnopark in an effort to establish technological innovation of processing gambir into various processed products that have assured qualities and addequate ammounts, (2 creating a comfortable policy to regulate permits for domestic and foreign investors to enter, (3 raising the role of regional governments, plantation agencies, academia, financial institutions, and other related institutions in an effort to develop the agroindustry and to increase the added value in Lima Puluh Kota regencies, and (4 forming a gambir Marketing Support Organization (BPPG.Keywords: gambir, IFE and EFE matrix, hayami method, SWOT analysis, QSPM analysisABSTRAKTujuan  penelitian ini adalah (1 menganalisis potensi pengembangan berbasis gambir-industri di Kabupaten Lima Puluh Kota

  20. ANALISIS SITUASI DAN UPAYA PERBAIKAN GIZI BALITA DI TINGKAT KABUPATEN: STUDI KASUS KABUPATEN GARUT TAHUN 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni Ketut Aryastami

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Background: Malnutrition is the major public health problem among the underfive years old children as a predisposing cause of child mortality especially at the district of Garut, West Java. Malnutrition and diseases are inter-rela ting factors affecting children nutritional status and mortality This study was done to analyze public health problems focusing on mothers and children's health related determinants in the district of Garut, West Java. Methods: The design of the study is explorative design through interview and secondary data collection, problems solving and analysis of policy implementation. Results: The results of the study were, the prevalence of severe malnutrition is high, namely 5.7 compared to West Java (3.7 and lndonesia (5.4 per 100 underfive children. Based on the three nutrition indicators called weight/age, height/age and weight/height, Garut facing the acute (Weight/age is above 10% of UNHCR standard as well as chronic (TB/U is above the national prevalence malnutrition problems. Factors related to the cause of children mortality and severe malnutrition were among others: 1 environment and sanitation (including low birth weight and infectious diseases; 2 behavior (hygiene and immunization, 3 health services provision (eady detection, ca se management, monitoring of child's nutrition and budget allocation for nutrition programs. Conclusion: Problem solving for nutrition program has to be innovatively developed at the district level referring to the national goals and strategy Nutrition intervention to the children only is not enough, but pregnant mothers who are chronically malnourished has to be intervened to prevent low birth weight babies. Indirect intervention at the district level is recommended through strengthening the health and nutrition system involving community, local government as well as inter sectors; as the root of malnutrition problem is broaden over poverty and cultural. Key words: nutrition

  1. Social innovation as institutional innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Edwards Schachter, Mónica E.; Benneworth, Paul; Amanatidou, Effie; Gulbrandsen, Magnus

    2015-01-01

    Trabajo presentado a la Annual Conference of the EU-SPRI Forum: "Innovation policies for economic and social transitions: Developing strategies for knowledge, practices and organizations" celebrada en Helsinki (Finlandia) del 9 al 12 de junio de 2015.

  2. POLA ASUH ORANG TUA, KONSEP DIRI, MOTIVASI DIRI, IKLIM SEKOLAH, DAN KESADARAN EMOSI SISWA SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esther Heydemans

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Patterns of Parenting, Self-concept, Self-motivation, School Climate, and Emotional Awareness of Students at State Junior High Schools. The study tries to investigate the correlation between patterns of foster parents, self concept, self motivation, school climate and emotional awareness of the students at State Junior High School in Malang. Using multiple regression analysis, it is concluded  that patterns of foster parents, self motivation, school climate have effective significant contribution to emotional awareness both individually and in groups. Meanwhile, self concept has no significant effect. As a whole the effective contribution of the patterns of foster parents, self concept, self motivation, school climate to emotional awareness is 0.57 or 57%, it means that the remaining 43% of emotional awareness cannot be explained. Abstrak: Pola Asuh Orang Tua, Konsep Diri, Motivasi Diri, Iklim Sekolah, dan Kesadaran Emosi Siswa SMP. Penelitian ini mencoba untuk menjelaskan hubungan antara pola asuh orang tua, konsep diri, motivasi diri, iklim sekolah dan kesadaran emosi siswa SMP Negeri di kota Malang. Dengan menggunakan analisis multiple regresi disimpulkan bahwa pola asuh orang tua, motivasi diri, dan iklim sekolah memberi kontribusi yang signifikan terhadap kesadaran emosi, baik secara individu dan kelompok. Sementara itu konsep diri mempunyai pengaruh, tetapi tidak signifikan. Secara keseluruhan kontribusi efektif dari pola asuh orang tua, konsep diri, motivasi diri, iklim sekolah terhadap kesdaran emosi adalah 0.57 (57%. Hal itu berarti bahwa ada 43% faktor lain yang mempengaruhi kesadaran emosi, tetapi tidak bisa dijelaskan.

  3. MUWUJUDKAN BUDAYA POLITIK SANTUN, BERSIH DAN BERETIKA DALAM RANGKA MEMPERKOKOH KEHIDUPAN BERBANGSA DAN BERNEGARA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahyu Widodo

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Makalah ini membahas konsep budaya politik berpusat pada imajinasi (pikiran dan perasaan manusia yang merupakan dasar semua tindakan. Dalam rangka menuju arah pembangunan dan modernisasi suatu masyarakat akan menempuh jalan yang berbeda antara satu masyarakat dengan yang lain, dan itu terjadi karena peranan kebudayaan sebagai salah satu faktor. Budaya politik dapat membentuk aspirasi, harapan, preferensi, dan prioritas tertentu dalam menghadapi tantangan yang ditimbulkan oleh perubahan sosial politik. Pada gilirannya, disimpulkan bahwa peran budaya politik santun, bersih dan beretika dalam rangka memperkokoh kehidupan berbangsa dan bernegara menuju Indonesia baru adalah: pertama, etika politik dan pemerintahan mengandung misi kepada setiap pejabat dan elite politik untuk bersikap jujur, amanah, sportif, siap melayani, berjiwa besar, memiliki keteladanan, rendah hati, dan siap untuk mundur dari jabatan publik apabila terbukti melakukan kesalahan dan secara moral kebijakannya bertentangan dengan hukum dan rasa keadilan masyarakat. Kedua, perlu dilakukan upaya penanaman suatu kesadaran bahwa politik yang hendak kita perjuangkan bukan semata politik kekuasaan, melainkan suatu politik yang mengedepankan panggilan pengabdian demi kesejahteraan masyarakat luas, dialektika antara partai dan politikus serta masyarakat yang kritis. Ketiga, budaya politik santun, bersih dan beretika ini diperlukan karena dapat membuat para elite politik menjauhi sikap dan perbuatan yang dapat merugikan bangsa Indonesia. Akhirnya, disarankan agar dilaksanakan kembali pendidikan budi pekerti yang merupakan pondasi bagi pelaksanaan Civic Education agar tercipta generasi yang tidak hanya mau menjadi politisi, namun paham budaya dan etika politik.   Kata kunci: budaya politik, kehidupan berbangsa dan bernegara, menuju Indonesia baru

  4. Social Innovation and Service Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Djellal, Faridah; Gallouj, FaÏz

    2011-01-01

    International audience Social innovation and service innovation issues have developed separately over the last two decades, with too rare intersections between them. Both issues share many points in common, however, and sometimes even describe the same socio-economic reality. This paper aims to help establish dialogue between these two still marginal but promising fields of economic theory and the social sciences in general. It briefly describes each of these two fields, puts them into per...

  5. INNOVATION CONSTITUENT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Zhylinska

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper substantiates an innovation constituent of sustainable development along with environmental, social and economic pillars of the concept. Determining of implementation details of innovation activity by J. Schumpeter is a theoretical prerequisite to understanding of innovation constituent. An innovator-entrepreneur provides a customer with an information image of 'new combinations.' The image is created by identifying customer's future needs, which outline business aims, subject and appropriate means for creating the innovation products. However, consumer choice is largely motivated by values and specific rules of behavior. The rules of consumer society that in the industrial age become the motive, morality and institution, did not consider the reproductive capabilities of the environment. This disagreement was previously presented in The Limits to Growth by the Club of Rome and was reflected in the concept of sustainable development, which gained immense significance after the report of the World Commission on Environment and Development in 1987 (Our Common Future. The study highlights importance for establishment of new social values that motivate innovators to change their thinking, comprehend their responsibility not only to consumers but also to the environment and future generations. The Rio+20 Corporate Sustainability Forum: Innovation and Collaboration for the Future We want, organized by the UN Global Compact, demonstrates the interest of entrepreneurs in practical implementation of the concept of sustainable development, through an effective innovation activity. The paper summarizes management tools for implementing business commitments to action in priority areas of ensuring sustainable development: Energy & Climate, Water & Ecosystems, Agriculture & Food, Economics & Finance of Sustainable Development, Social Development, and Urbanization & Cities. Main stages of changes in companies are outlined for making responsible

  6. RANCANG BANGUN MODEL KOMPRESI DAN TARIK PERMODELAN SANDBOX DAN MANFAATNYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fahrudin Fahrudin

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Permodelan sandbox dibuat dengan system tektonik konvergen dan divergen dengan menggunakan pergerakan satu sumbu. Permodelan ini bertujuan untuk membuat alat mesin sandbox yang bisa digunakan untuk penelitian dan pengajaran. Mesin berhasil dibuat dan sudah diujicobakan. Ujicoba dengan menggunakan satu lapisan pasir yang diambil dari Formasi Ngrayong. Percobaan selanjutnya dengan beberapa lapisan. Percobaan dilakukan dengan pengamatan yang meliputi pengamatan permukaan dan penampang verikal. Pengamatan yang aspek morfologi, kelurusan struktur, dan perkembangan sesar yang terbentuk. Hasil percobaan menunjukkan bahwa pembentukan morfologi sangat berkaitan dengan pembentukan sesar. Struktur sesar dengan pola forward propagating thrust faults. Sesar tersebut disebabkan imbrikasi. Lipatan yang terbentuk akibat mekanisme propagasi sesar.[Design of Compression and Extensional of the Sandbox Model and Its Benefit] Divergent and convergent tectonic sytem can be studied from the sandbox modelling. This model has a axis of movement. Sandbox models itends to study the progress of structural geology such as fault and fold. We successfully made machine of sandbox. This machine has basal detachment from duraluminum. Material for model is taken by loose sand from Ngrayong Formation. This experiment focused to observation about morphology in surface and thrust or backthrust in subsurface. This experiment has compression system. Result of model was that morphological sequences associated with fault sequences. Fault is formed to have the pattern of forward propagating thrust faults. It’s caused by imbricate thrust system. Folding is formed by the mechanism of fault propagation folding. 

  7. Energy transition in France perceived by French people of the San Francisco area. Synthesis of the debate held on the 19 June 2013 at the residence of the French consul general in San Francisco. Which orientations for the French energy mix and which choices in terms of innovation while respecting the country's climatic commitments? Which development strategies for energy transition?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors propose a synthesis of a debate during which two main themes have been addressed: the issue of the compatibility between the decrease of CO2 emissions and the reduction of the nuclear share in the French energy mix, and the changes for the USA and perspectives for France with the emergence of start-ups in the energy sector. The authors first address the issue of evolution of the French energy mix and innovation perspectives in relationship with national climate commitments: discussion of criteria allowing an optimal energy mix to be identified, discussion of the fields of innovation in the energy sector. The second part of this synthesis addresses the development strategies for energy transition: example of California in terms of culture, of communication to promote innovation in energy, and discussion of actual measures which could be applied in France

  8. External Innovation Implementation Determinants and Performance Measurement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Coates, Matthew; Bals, Lydia

    2013-01-01

    With an increasing amount of externally sourced innovations, a major success factor for innovation-dependent industries such as the pharmaceutical industry is to successfully implement innovations from outside. Existing frameworks emphasize creating a strong climate for implementation by developing...... for innovation implementation based on a case study in the pharmaceutical industry. The results of 25 expert interviews and a survey with 67 respondents led to the resulting framework and a corresponding performance measurement system. The results reveal the importance of supporting systems and show differences...

  9. How Understandings Colour the Means and Ends in the Case of Environmental Innovations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holgaard, Jette Egelund

    2002-01-01

    Different understandings of the concept of innovation have resulted in different means and ends in the innovation activities within Dan-ish industry. The different emphasis on economic, technical, organ-isational, inter-organisational and institutional issues in product and process-innovation has...... influenced the initiatives made by state, market and civil society. Focusing on environmental innovations, this is revealed in the initiatives and outcome of the previous envi-ronmental policy in Denmark. The paper, makes an analyti-cal distinction between different understandings of innovation, ex...

  10. KINERJA KEPALA SEKOLAH DALAM KEGIATAN BIMBINGAN DAN KONSELING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abu Bakar M.Luddin

    2014-06-01

    Abstrak: Kinerja Kepala Sekolah dalam Kegiatan Bimbingan dan Konseling. Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan kinerja kepala sekolah dalam pelaksanaan kegiatan bimbingan dan konseling. Penelitian dilaksanakan di SMU Negeri 2 Kota Binjai, dengan memergunakan rancangan deskriptif kualitatif. Subjek penelitian adalah kepala sekolah, koordinator bimbingan dan konseling, dan guru pembimbing. Data di­kumpulkan dengan observasi, wawancara mendalam, dan kajian dokumen, dan selanjutnya dianalisis sete­lah melalui proses triangulasi antarsubjek dan informasi. Temuan penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kinerja kepala sekolah terkait dengan pelaksanaan kegiatan bimbingan dan konseling masih belum sepenuhnya sebagaimana yang diharapkan. Kepala sekolah perlu meningkatkan kinerjanya dalam menjalankan fungsi koordinasi dan kepengawasan untuk mencapai kegiatan bimbingan dan konseling yang efektif.

  11. Innovation practices success in China: the use of innovation mechanisms in Chinese SOEs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ren, Liqin; Krabbendam, Koos; Weerd-Nederhof, de Petra

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: The climate for technical innovation has been improving in the past few years in China. This paper describes a case research concerning technical innovation practices success in three Chinese state-owned enterprises (SOEs) in the manufacturing industry. This is executed by applying a techni

  12. 主动性人格对员工创造力的影响:创造过程参与和组织创新氛围的作用%The Effect of Proactive Personality on Employee Creativity: The Roles of Creative Process Engagement and Organizational Innovation Climate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱海; 古继宝; 吴剑琳

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we examined the relationship between proactive personality and employee creativity, the mediating effect of creative process engagement and the moderating effect of organizational innovation climate from the data of 300 employees in 6 firms. The result of data analysis indicates a positive relationship between proactive personality and employee creativity. Organizational innovation climate acts as a moderating role on the relationship between proactive personality and employee creativity, the relationship is stronger for proactive people who perceived high level of organizational innovation climate, and creative process engagement acts as a partial mediating role in the relationship.%以6家企业的300名员工为样本检验了主动性人格和员工创造力之间的关系,以及创造过程参与的中介作用和组织创新氛围的调节作用.数据分析结果表明主动性人格和员工创造力之间存在显著的正相关,组织创新氛围对主动性人格和员工创造力的关系起到调节作用,组织创新氛围越高,主动性人格和员工创造力的正相关性越强,创造过程参与起到部分中介的作用.

  13. 组织创新气氛与中小企业员工创新行为:工作投人的中介作用%The Mediating Effect of Job Engagement on Organizational Innovation Climate and Employee Creative Behavior

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱白云; 苏倩倩; 郑全全

    2011-01-01

    本文以240名企业员工为被试,运用问卷调查法和层级回归分析的统计方法,考察了工作投入在组织创新气氛与员工创新行为的中介作用.结果表明:组织创新气氛对员工的创新行为具有显著的正向预测作用,但工作投入在组织创新气氛和员工创新行为中存在中介的作用.%This study examined the mediating effect of job engagement on the relation between the organizational innovation climate and employee creative behavior. Data collected from 240 employees in SMEs indicated that the positive relationship between organizational innovation climate and employee creative behavior, and the positive relationship between organizational innovation climate and employee creative behavior has mediated by job engagement.

  14. ANALISIS PERBANDINGAN SPAP, IAS DAN SPKN

    OpenAIRE

    Maylia Pramono Sari

    2012-01-01

    Dalam mewujudkan Good Goveronance  akan dilakukan analisis perbandingan mengenai standar pemeriksaan nasional yaitu SPAP, ISA, dan SPKN untuk menemukan standar yang lebih tepat dan lebih lengkap untuk pemeriksaan sektor publik. Persamaan SPKN dan ISS  adalah tanggungjawab manajemen dan tanggungjawab auditor sedangkan perbedaannya adalah badan yang menerbitkannya. Perbedaan yang mendasar terletak pada karakter pemeriksaan BPK. Karakter tersebut adalah keharusan pemeriksa BPK untuk merancang ...

  15. Pengelolaan Pupuk Organik Dan Kalium Terhadap Pertumbuhan Dan Produksi Tanaman Rosela (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.)

    OpenAIRE

    Hutasoit, Christina

    2010-01-01

    CHRISTINA HUTASOIT: Pengelolaan Pupuk Organik dan Kalium terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Tanaman Rosela (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.), dibimbing oleh J. M. Sitanggang dan Sabar Ginting. Penelitian ini bertujuan Untuk mengetahui dosis pupuk Organik dan pupuk Kalium terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi tanaman rosella (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.). Penelitian telah dilakukan di lahan percobaan Kelurahan Sempakata, Kecamatan Medan Selayang pada bulan Desember – April 2010 menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelo...

  16. Climate system model, numerical simulation and climate predictability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Thanks to its work of past more than 20 years,a research team led by Prof.ZENG Qingcun and Prof.WANG Huijun from the CAS Institute of Atmospheric Physics (IAP) has scored innovative achievements in their studies of basic theory of climate dynamics,numerical model development,its related computational theory,and the dynamical climate prediction using the climate system models.Their work received a second prize of the National Award for Natural Sciences in 2005.

  17. Corporate Climate Strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjarnø, Ole-Christian; Maltha, Jonas

    2003-01-01

    strategic carbon management for medium to large companies with greenhouse gas intensive activities. The guideline framework is established on the basis of a generic strategy structure in which the factors influencing corporate climate strategies are identified. It is concluded that there is little rationale...... behind extracting of climate strategy from the Environmental Health and Safety (EHS) context - the truly innovative aspect is the construction of an operational multiple Green House Gas information system, which should 1) measure, monitor, aggregate, record, and disseminate emission data (e.g. through...... the limited empirical background, provides indications of how to approach a climate strategy....

  18. Reconsidering Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vaaben, Nana Katrine

    2014-01-01

    Innovation og reformer er på dagsordenen allevegne, ikke mindst i politiske forsøg på at reorganisere den offentlige sektor for at få velfærdssamfundet til at kunne overleve økonomisk tumult og dystre fremtidsprognoser. Dette papir undersøger, hvordan klassiske antropologiske teorier og debatter om...... forandring og myter kan hjælpe os med at genoverveje teoretiske forståelser af innovation i organisatoriske studier. I særlig grad sættes der fokus på de implikationer som vores "innovationsmyte" kan have for offentligt ansatte og værdsættelsen af deres arbejde. Analysens argument er, at innovation ikke skal...

  19. Modeling Earth's Climate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pallant, Amy; Lee, Hee-Sun; Pryputniewicz, Sara

    2012-01-01

    Systems thinking suggests that one can best understand a complex system by studying the interrelationships of its component parts rather than looking at the individual parts in isolation. With ongoing concern about the effects of climate change, using innovative materials to help students understand how Earth's systems connect with each other is…

  20. PRINSIP DAN METODE ANALISIS RISIKO KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Defriman Djafri

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Analisis risiko kesehatan lingkungan merupakan penilaian atau penaksiran risiko kesehatan yang bisa terjadi di suatu waktu pada populasi manusia berisiko. Kajian prediktif ini menghasilkan karakteristik risiko secara kuantitatif, pilihan-pilihan manajemen risiko dan strategi komunikasi untuk meminimalkan risiko tersebut. Data kualitas lingkungan yang bersifat agent specific dan site specific, karakteristik antropometri dan pola aktivitas populasi terpajan dibutuhkan untuk kajian ini.

  1. PRINSIP DAN METODE ANALISIS RISIKO KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN

    OpenAIRE

    Defriman Djafri

    2014-01-01

    Analisis risiko kesehatan lingkungan merupakan penilaian atau penaksiran risiko kesehatan yang bisa terjadi di suatu waktu pada populasi manusia berisiko. Kajian prediktif ini menghasilkan karakteristik risiko secara kuantitatif, pilihan-pilihan manajemen risiko dan strategi komunikasi untuk meminimalkan risiko tersebut. Data kualitas lingkungan yang bersifat agent specific dan site specific, karakteristik antropometri dan pola aktivitas populasi terpajan dibutuhkan untuk kajian ini.

  2. Hubungan Stress Dengan Penyakit Dan Perawatan Periodontal

    OpenAIRE

    Der, William

    2009-01-01

    Stress adalah istilah yang mendefenisikan reaksi psiko-fisiologis tubuh terhadap berbagai rangsangan emosional atau fisik yang mengganggu homeostasis, dan ditemukan dapat mengeksaserbasi hasil dari penyakit infeksi bakteri dan virus pada model hewan dan manusia. Stres telah lama dinyatakan sebagai suatu faktor predisposisi yang penting untuk Gingivitis Ulseratif Nekrotik Akut (GUNA). Banyak penelitian telah menunjukkan bahwa stres psikologis atau kondisi psikosomatik mendorong terjadinya peru...

  3. Effektiv innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergaard, Katia Dupret; Brandi, Ulrik

    2011-01-01

    Er det vækst og udvikling eller åbenhed, videnudvikling, netværk, leg og innovation? Eller er det prisregulering, tilpasning og stærk styring, som skal gøre universiteterne til førende drivkræfter for dansk vækst?......Er det vækst og udvikling eller åbenhed, videnudvikling, netværk, leg og innovation? Eller er det prisregulering, tilpasning og stærk styring, som skal gøre universiteterne til førende drivkræfter for dansk vækst?...

  4. Collaborative innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Timenes Laugen, Bjørge; Lassen, Astrid Heidemann

    2011-01-01

    are heavily involved in the NPD process in firms in B2C markets aiming at increasing the innovation volume. For B2B companies the reverse picture emerges. However, when the aim is to increase the radicality of new products, suppliers and customers are heavily involved for firms in B2B markets.......Industry and academia alike are increasingly becoming aware of the fact that innovation does not take place in isolated cells or functions within the firm. Although the idea of involving internal and external actors in the new product development (NPD) process is not new, the knowledge about...

  5. After Kyoto: equity stakes and efficiency in the negotiation on the climatic change; Au-dela de Kyoto: enjeux d'equite et d'efficacite dans la negociation sur le changement climatique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blanchard, O.; Criqui, P.; Viguier, L. [Institut d' Economie et de Politique de l' Energie - IEPE-CNRS/ Universite Pierre Mendes-France, 38 - Grenoble (France); Trommetter, M. [Institut National de Recherches Agronomiques (INRA), 38 - Grenoble (France)

    2000-07-01

    The first difficulty to get over in the international negotiation on the climatic change, has been and still remain the distribution of the efforts and the research of the equity in the objective determination. This paper aims to show that facing the different interests of each countries, a single rule of differentiation is not possible. The first part is a review of the different charts of the objectives differentiation discussed or proposed in the international negotiation process on the greenhouse effect. It aims to find a bond between the the charts and the equity. The second part proposes the quantification of a scenario of the emission licenses attribution for 2030 for all the world countries. (A.L.B.)

  6. Territorial Innovation Dynamics: a Knowledge Based Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Rani Jeanne Dang; Karine Roux; Christian Longhi; Damien Talbot; Catherine Thomas

    2014-01-01

    De nombreux auteurs ont souligné le rôle de l'espace dans l'émergence et la construction de capacités et d'apprentissage localisés (Maskell et Malmberg, 1999). En effet, dans un monde globalisé certaines régions au sein de nations possèdent un rôle de leader en termes d'innovation industrielle. On a ainsi un paradoxe : plus les activités sont globalisées, plus les régions deviennent importantes pour construire un avantage compétitif durable (Lebas, 2006). L'apparition récente de la politique ...

  7. 高承诺工作系统与企业竞争优势:社会氛围和探索式创新的复合多重中介作用%The Effect of High Commitment Work System on Competitive Advantage:The Composite Multiple Mediating Effect of Social Climate and Explorative Innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王朝晖

    2016-01-01

    Based on the dual perspective of organizational climate and innovation, the authors study the multiple mediating role of social climate and explorative innovation between the relationship in high-commitment work sys-tems (HCWS) and competitive advantage(CA). This study uses a structural equation model to test the hypotheses by a sample of 246 high-tech firms. The results showed that: HCWS has a dominantly indirect effect on CA. So-cial climate and explorative innovation play a parallel and sequenced mediating role between HCWS and CA. Fur-thermore, social climate mediates the relationship between HCWS and CA is the same as explorative innovation. But the special mediating effects of social climate and explorative innovation are far greater than the sequenced mediating effect of both variables.%从组织氛围和创新结合的角度构建了一个复合多重中介模型,以揭示高承诺工作系统同时和连续通过社会氛围和探索式创新影响竞争优势的历程,并应用结构方程模型进行实证分析。研究结果表明:高承诺工作系统对企业竞争优势的间接作用占主导地位;社会氛围和探索式创新在高承诺工作系统和竞争优势间起中介作用,两个变量的同步和连续中介效应在高承诺工作系统和竞争优势间发挥了完全中介效应;社会氛围和探索式创新的个别中介效应不存在显著差异,两个变量的个别中介效应均显著大于它们相结合产生的连续中介效应。

  8. Financing Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Yoo, JaeHoon

    2007-01-01

    More than 24 countries operate separate boards and exchanges aimed at small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs). Equity markets play a critical role in fostering economic productivity by financing innovation. But only a few SME exchanges function properly, providing coveted fresh capital and liquidity. What steps are key to building an efficient exchange to provide risk capital for SMEs? Cr...

  9. Innovation organisationnelle

    OpenAIRE

    Taskin, Laurent; Ajzen, Michel

    2013-01-01

    Désignant un ensemble de pratiques de flexibilité, de management et d’organisation du travail, le « nouveau monde » du travail peut mener à des formes d’innovation ou de régression sociale, selon les performances qu’il cherche à atteindre.

  10. Pengaturan dan Pengawasan pada Bank Syariah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Syukron

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Peran bank dalam melaksanakan tugas dan fungsinya perlu diatur secara baik dan benar. Hal ini bertujuan untuk menjaga kepercayaan nasabah terhadap aktivitas perbankan. Salah satu peraturan yang perlu dibuat untuk mengatur perbankan adalah peraturan mengenai permodalan bank yang berfungsi sebagai penyangga terhadap kemungkinan terjadinya kerugian. Tulisan ini merupakan studi pustaka dimana penulis mengelaborasi bagaimana pengaturan dan pengawasan pada bank syariah yang ada di berbagai negera. Dalam tulisan ini, penulis mengambil sampel negara Malaysia,  Pakistan, Kuwait, dan Inggris. Alasan memilih keempat negara tersebut karena Malaysia dan Kuwait memiliki kemiripan dengan Indonesia yang mengadopsi dual banking system.

  11. STRUKTUR DAN PRODUKSI LEBAH Trigona spp. PADA SARANG BERBENTUK TABUNG DAN BOLA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Putu Ade Hinduari Putra

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Lebah tanpa sengat (Trigona spp. dapat menghasilkan madu yang bermanfaat bagi kesehatan. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui : (1 morfologi Trigona spp., (2 struktur internal sarang Trigona spp. pada sarang berbentuk tabung dan bola, (3 volume sarang serta perkiraan produksi madu, beebread dan selanakan Trigona spp. pada sarang berbentuk tabung dan bola. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada bulan November 2014. Sampel yang digunakan adalah koloni dan sarang Trigona spp. berbentuk tabung dan bola yang diambil di Desa Padang Tunggal,Kecamatan Selat, Kabupaten Karangasem, Bali. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa nama spesies dari sampel koloni Trigona spp. pada sarang berbentuk tabung dan bola adalah Trigona laeviceps. Struktur internal sarang Trigona spp. pada sarang berbentuk tabung dan bola mempunyai pola susunan yaitu pot madu, pot beebread dan pot sel anakan. Volume sarang besar memberikan perkiraan total jumlah produksi madu, beebread dan selanakan lebih banyak dibandingkan volume sarang kecil.

  12. PENGARUH PEMBERIAN HIJAUAN DAN KONSENTRAT MENGANDUNG UREA-KAPUR DAN UBI KAYU TERHADAP PENAMPILAN KAMBING PE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I G. Mahardika

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian telah dilakukan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian hijauan dan konsentrat yang mengandung urea-kapur dan ubi kayu terhadap produktivitas kambing. Penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap dengan 4 perlakuan dan 4 ulangan. Ke empat perlakuan yang dicobakan adalah Perlakuan A: ransum dengan 75% konsentrat (mengandung 4% urea, 2% kapur dan 50% ubikayu dan 25% hijauan (40% gamal dan 60% rumput raja, perlakuan B: rasnsum yang terdiri 60% konsentrat 40% hijauan, perlakuan C: ransum dengan 45% konsentrat dan 55% hijauan dan perlakuan D: ransum dengan 30% konsentrat dan 70% hijauan. Hasil penelitian mendapatkan bahwa produktivitas kambing yang mendapat ransum dengan level konsentrat 45% sampai 75% tidak berbeda sedangkan yang mendapat ransum dengan level konsentrat 30% lebih rendah. Ransum yang memebrikan nilai ekonomi tertinggi adalah ransum yang mengandung konsentrat antara 45% sampai 60%.

  13. The Impact of Emotional Intelligence on Scientific Research Personnel′s Innovative Performance---The Moderating Effects of Task Complexity and Emotional Climate%科技人员情绪智力对创新绩效的影响--任务复杂性和情绪氛围的调节作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王仙雅

    2015-01-01

    Along with the development of knowledge economy, the role of scientific research personnel in the organiza-tion innovation is increasingly important.This study takes task complexity and emotional climate as moderating variables, and analyses the influence mechanism of emotional intelligence on innovative performance deeply.The results show that emotional intelligence has a positive effect on innovative performance, specifically, the effect of use of emotion is the strongest, followed by regulation of emotion, and then is self-emotional appraisal, but the effect of others′emotional ap-praisal is not significant.Task complexity and emotional climate can positively moderate the relationship between emo-tional intelligence and innovative performance.The task complexity is higher and the emotional climate is more positive, the positive effect of emotional intelligence is more obvious.%随着知识经济的发展,科技人员在组织创新中的作用日益凸显。本文引入任务复杂性和情绪氛围两个调节变量,分析了情绪智力对创新绩效的作用机理。结果表明:情绪智力对创新绩效有正向影响,其中情绪利用的影响最强,其次是情绪管理,然后是自我情绪评估,而他人情绪评估的影响不显著;任务复杂性和情绪氛围均起正向调节作用,任务越复杂、情绪氛围越积极,情绪智力对创新绩效的促进作用越明显。

  14. Rethinking Open Innovation Beyond the Innovation Funnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wim Vanhaverbeke

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In his article, I first argue that open innovation can be applied in situations where companies do not themselves develop new products or services. As a consequence, open innovation becomes relevant for a much larger group of organizations than previously considered. Second, I argue that open-innovation scholars have insufficiently differentiated open-innovation initiatives in terms of their impact on companies’ growth: some open-innovation initiatives lead to incremental innovations in an existing business while, in other cases, open-innovation initiatives are used to establish completely new businesses. Both arguments illustrate the need to integrate open-innovation initiatives into the strategy of the firm.

  15. Innovations in urban agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schans, van der J.W.; Renting, Henk; Veenhuizen, Van René

    2014-01-01

    This issuehighlights innovations in urban agriculture. Innovation and the various forms of innovations are of particular importance because urban agriculture is adapted to specific urban challenges and opportunities. Innovation is taking place continuously, exploring the multiple fundions of urban a

  16. 个体-组织匹配对创新行为的影响--中庸思维与差序氛围的调节效应%The Impact of Person-organization Fit on Innovative Behavior-The Moderating Effects of Zhongyong Thinking and Chaxu Climate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚艳虹; 范盈盈

    2014-01-01

    文章旨在研究个体-组织匹配对创新行为的影响机理,结合中国社会文化情境,从个体和组织层面探讨极具中国特色的员工中庸思维和组织差序氛围的调节作用。基于对506名不同层次员工的调查研究发现:个体需要-组织供给匹配和工作要求-个人能力匹配均积极影响创新行为;中庸思维在个体-组织匹配两个维度与员工创新行为的关系中存在正向调节效应;差序氛围弱化要求-能力匹配对员工创新的影响,但不调节需要-供给匹配和创新行为的关系。%The paper aims to study the influencing mechanism of person-organization fit on innovative behavior, and explore the moderating effects of employees’Zhongyong thinking and organizational Chaxu climate in the Chinese context,which have typical Chinese characteristics,from both the individual level and the organizational level. The survey of 506 employees in dif-ferent levels shows that both needs-supplies and demands-abilities fits have positive effects on innovative behavior. Zhongyong thinking has a positive moderating effect on the relationship between two dimensions of person-organization fit and employee in-novative behavior. Chaxu climate weakens the effect of demands-abilities fit on employee innovation,but has no moderating ef-fect on the relationship of needs-supplies fit and innovative behavior.

  17. Corner Office: Google's Dan Clancy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albanese, Andrew Richard; Oder, Norman

    2009-01-01

    This article presents an interview with Dan Clancy, engineering director for Google Book Search. In this interview, Clancy talks about the pending Google Book Search settlement, involving millions of volumes digitized from libraries, which drew a lawsuit from the Association of American Publishers and the Authors Guild. He also discusses pricing,…

  18. Lõuka tuuliku restaureerimine / Dan Lukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukas, Dan

    2005-01-01

    Hiiumaal Pühalepa vallas Vahtrepa külas Lõuka talu maadel asuva pukktuuliku ajaloost, restaureerimise käigust. Teostus: Dan Lukas. Muinsuskaitseline järelevalve: Tõnu Sepp, tema kommentaar. Ill.:pukktuuliku lõiked ja korruste plaanid, 7 värv. fotot

  19. Innovation networks

    CERN Document Server

    Ahrweiler, Petra

    2013-01-01

    This paper advances a framework for modeling the component interactions between cognitive and social aspects of scientific creativity and technological innovation. Specifically, it aims to characterize Innovation Networks; those networks that involve the interplay of people, ideas and organizations to create new, technologically feasible, commercially-realizable products, processes and organizational structures. The tri-partite framework captures networks of ideas (Concept Level), people (Individual Level) and social structures (Social-Organizational Level) and the interactions between these levels. At the concept level, new ideas are the nodes that are created and linked, kept open for further investigation or closed if solved by actors at the individual or organizational levels. At the individual level, the nodes are actors linked by shared worldviews (based on shared professional, educational, experiential backgrounds) who are the builders of the concept level. At the social-organizational level, the nodes...

  20. Innovative solutions

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    The 2013 11th annual Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing (GCSM) sponsored by the International Academy for Production Engineering (CIRP) taking place in Technische Universität Berlin and Fraunhofer Production Technology Center is committed to exploiting the potentials of innovative technologies in economic, environmental and social dimensions for global value creation. If the lifestyles of upcoming and also developed communities will be shaped in the future by the existing, actuall...

  1. Ecological Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Blok, Vincent; Gremmen, Bart

    2016-01-01

    In this article, we critically reflect on the concept of biomimicry. On the basis of an analysis of the concept of biomimicry in the literature and its philosophical origin, we distinguish between a strong and a weaker concept of biomimicry. The strength of the strong concept of biomimicry is that nature is seen as a measure by which to judge the ethical rightness of our technological innovations, but its weakness is found in questionable presuppositions. These presuppositions are addressed b...

  2. Cooperative Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Mingzhuan, Huang

    2013-01-01

    The current companies increasingly expect to involve more external sources to achieve more open innovation for value-added. However, the cooperation problem between internal organization and external parties still challenges the top management. This paper aims to find out the solution. The fast spring up Chinese IT market impacts the world market, especially mobile Internet. Therefore, this paper employ the fast growing Chinese Mobile Internet company--- Xiao Mi as the study case. By applying...

  3. DETERMINAN MUTU PROSES DAN HASIL PEMBELAJARAN PENDIDIKAN KESETARAAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joko Sutarto

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Factors Determing the Quality of Learning Process and Aoutcomes. This study aims to find out the influence of predisposing factors, the leadership of the head of Sanggar Kerja Bersama (Study Groups, work climate, financing, and infrastructure to the quality of the learning process and achievement of Package C Equivalence Education. This study found that; (a leadership factor contributed a direct, dominant influence to the quality process (tutors' performance in designing their instructional plans with a percentage of 51.84%; (b leadership factor contributed a direct, dominant influence to the quality process (tutors' performance in implementing their instructional plans with a percentage of 44.89%; (c predisposing factors contributed a direct, dominant influence to the program participants' learning outputs with a per­centage of 18.49%; (d tutors' design of instructional plans directly put a great impact on their instructional performance with a percentage of 45%; the percentage of the tutors' design of instructional plans impact on the Package C participants' outputs was 20.25% whilst the percentage of the tutors' implementation of instructional plans impact on the Package C participants' outputs was 40.96%. Abstrak: Determinan Mutu Proses dan Hasil Pembelajaran Pendidikan Kesetaraan.  Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis pengaruh faktor predisposisi, kepemimpinan kepala Sanggar Kerja Bersama, iklim kerja, pembiayaan, dan sarana prasarana pembelajaran terhadap mutu proses dan hasil pembelajaran pen­didikan kesetaraan paket C. Hasil penelitian menunjukan (a faktor kepemimpinan memberi pengaruh langsung paling dominan terhadap mutu pembelajaran sebesar 51,84%, disusul faktor predisposisi 12,25%, sarana prasarana pembelajaran10,24%, iklim kerja 11,56%, dan faktor pembiayaan 0,81%; (b faktor pre­disposisi memberi pengaruh langsung paling dominan terhadap perolehan hasil belajar sebesar 18,49%, disusul faktor sarana prasarana 17

  4. Designing collaborative policy innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agger, Annika; Sørensen, Eva

    2014-01-01

    Recent approaches to enhancing public innovation suffer from two shortcomings: They overemphasize competition as a driver of innovation and overlook the fact that public sector innovation involves policy innovation as well as service innovation. Drawing on governance research and innovation theor...... policy arenas do contribute to policy innovation but also that the degree to which they do so depends on the institutional design of these arenas.......Recent approaches to enhancing public innovation suffer from two shortcomings: They overemphasize competition as a driver of innovation and overlook the fact that public sector innovation involves policy innovation as well as service innovation. Drawing on governance research and innovation theory......, the chapter investigates the extent to which and how collaboration between politicians and relevant stakeholders can spur the formulation, implementation and diffusion of new innovative policies. A case study of a process of collaborative policy innovation in a Danish municipality shows that collaborative...

  5. Gangguan Fungsi Penghidu dan Pemeriksaannya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Effy Huriyati

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakLatar belakang: Fungsi penghidu pada manusia memegang peranan penting. Gangguan penghidu dapat mempengaruhi keselamatan dan kualitas hidup seseorang. Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui jenis gangguan penghidu, penyebab gangguan penghidu, dan pemeriksaannya. Tinjauan Pustaka: Gangguan penghidu dapat berupa anosmia yaitu hilangnya kemampuan penghidu, atau hiposmia yaitu berkurangnya kemampuan penghidu. Gangguan penghidu disebabkan gangguan konduksi, gangguan sensoria dan gangguan neural. Penyakit tersering penyebab gangguan penghidu yaitu rinosinusitis kronis, rinitis alergi, infeksi saluran nafas atas dan trauma kepala. Ada beberapa modalitas pemeriksaan kemosensoris fungsi penghidu diantaranya Tes “Sniffin sticks”. Dengan tes „Sniffin sticks” dapat diketahui ambang penghidu, diskriminasi penghidu dan identifikasi penghidu seseorang. Kesimpulan: Gangguan penghidu memerlukan perhatian khusus. Diantara beberapa modalitas pemeriksaan kemosensoris penghidu, tes “Sniffin sticks” mempunyai beberapa kelebihan.Kata kunci: Gangguan penghidu, anosmia, hiposmia, tes “Sniffin sticks”.AbstractBackground: Olfactory function in humans plays an important role. Olfactory disorders can affect the safety and quality of life. Objective: To determine the type of olfactory disorder, the causes of olfactory disorders, and the examination. Literature Review: Olfactory disorder can be not smell anything or anosmia, and reduced of smell or hyposmia. Olfactory disorders caused by conduction disturbances, neural disturbances and sensoris disturbances. Disease that often causes disturbances of olfactory function is, chronic rhinosinusitis, allergic rhinitis, upper respiratory tract infections and head trauma. There are several modalities to examine chemosensoris smelling function, one of them is “Sniffin sticks” test. This test can examine threshold, discrimination, and identification of smelling. Conclusions: Impaired smelling require special attention

  6. PERENCANAAN STRATEGI DALAM UPAYA MENYELARASKAN TUJUAN ORGANISASI DAN TUJUAN KARYAWAN DENGAN PENDEKATAN TOTAL PERFORMANCE SCORECARD (Studi Kasus Departemen Internal Audit Perusahaan Minyak dan Gas Bumi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Yuri Zagloel puslit

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The competition in industry is getting harder, where companies face changes in their environment. So that organization must increase their performance and show their ability to win the competition. This tight competition makes organization has to own innovation where employees grow according to change. In the effort of improving organization performance, it must be an harmony between organization and individual objectives. This research in the oil company Indonesia aims to harmonize it based on Total Performance Scorecard (TPS. This harmonization is done through several phases with the results of a communication among organizational Balance scorecard, scorecard section and Individual Performance plan. These things become a integrated strategic planning of the company. This integrated plan means in the process of planning, it involves departments, sections, and all employees. The advantages are to make sure all employees understand the objective of their departments and their sections, whereas they involve in the process and the implementation of the strategy. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Untuk menghadapi persaingan, umumnya kalangan industri terus berupaya untuk melakukan perbaikan dan peningkatan kinerja. Dalam upaya peningkatan kinerja organisasi, keselarasan antara tujuan organisasi dengan tujuan setiap individu yang ada dalam organisasi merupakan hal yang penting. Penelitian di sebuah perusahaan minyak dan gas bumi ini bertujuan untuk menyelaraskan tujuan organisasi dengan tujuan individu dengan menggunakan pendekatan Total Performance Scorecard. Pendekatan ini mempunyai kekhasan yaitu menyelaraskan tujuan organisasi dengan tujuan individu yang tergambar dalam hubungan antara Organizational Balanced Scorecard, Scorecard Section dan rencana kinerja individu. Hubungan tersebut dapat menjadi rancangan strategi yang terintegrasi bagi perusahaan, yang dalam perumusannya melibatkan pihak departemen, seksi, serta seluruh karyawan yang berada

  7. PENINGKATKAN MOTIVASI DAN HASIL BELAJAR BAHASA INDONESIA MENGGUNAKAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KREATIF DAN PRODUKTIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rini Ntowe Oya

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan sebagai berikut: (1 mengetahui pelaksanaan model pembelajaran kreatif dan produktif dalam upaya peningkatan motivasi dan hasil belajar siswa kelas V SDN Bhayangkara pada mata pelajaran Bahasa Indonesia dan (2 mengetahui peningkatan hasil belajar siswa kelas V SDN Bhayangkara pada mata pelajaran Bahasa Indonesia setelah menggunakan model pembelajaran kreatif dan produktif. Penelitian ini merupakan Penelitian Tindakan Kelas yang  dilaksanakan dalam dua siklus. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1 pembelajaran bahasa Indonesia dengan menggunakan model pembelajaran kreatif dan produktif kelas V di SDN Bhayangkara untuk peningkatan motivasi dan hasil belajar siswa telah terlaksana dan dilakukan dengan tahapan yaitu: (1 tahap orientasi, (2 tahap eksplorasi, (3 tahap interpretasi, (4 tahap rekreasi, dan (5 tahap evaluasi. Hasil lembar observasi menunjukkan bahwa motivasi dan hasil belajar bahasa Indonesia di akhir Siklus II telah mencapai kategori sangat baik yaitu hasil observasi motivasi dan hasil belajar siswa 100%. (2 Peningkatan hasil belajar siswa dapat dilihat dari hasil belajar pada siklus 1 sebanyak 27 siswa atau 87,09% telah memenuhi KKM dan 4 siswa atau 12,91% belum memenuhi KKM. Setelah dilakukan perbaikan hasil belajar siswa pada siklus 2, jumlah siswa yang memenuhi KKM sebanyak 31 siswa atau 100%. Kata kunci: model pembelajaran kreatif dan produktif, motivasi, dan hasil belajar.

  8. KINERJA DAN EFISIENSI BANK PEMERINTAH (BUMN DAN BUSN YANG GO PUBLIK DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sugeng Haryanto

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini menganalisis kinerja dan tingkat efisiensi bank-bank BUMN dan BUSN yang go Publik di Bursa Efek Indonesia.  Sample penelitian ini mengambil  tiga bank BUMN Bank BNI 46, Bank Mandiri dan Bank BRI  dan tiga bank BUSN (Bank BCA, Bank Niaga dan Bank Panin dengan periode analisis tahun 2005-2011. Varibael yang digunakan meliputi ROA, ROE, LAR. LDR, NPL dan BOPO. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah melihat dan menganalisis perbedaan kinerja antara Bank BUMN dan BUSN yang go public di Bursa Efek Indonesia tahun 2005-2011.  Pendekatan pengukuran kinerja yang digunakan adalah Return on Asset (ROA, Return on Equity (ROE dan Loan to Deposit Ratio (LDR, Loan to Asset Ratio (LAR,  dan efisiensi bank. Hasil dari penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 1 Bank-bank nasional, baik itu bank BUMN maupun BUSN menunjukkan kinerja yang semakin baik, 2 tidak terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan antara kinerja bank BUMN dan BUSN untuk variabel ROA, ROE, LAR, LDR, dan BOPO sedangkan variabel NPL yang merupakan indikator risiko kredit menunjukkan adanya perbedaan yang signifikan antara Bank BUMN dan BUSN

  9. Pengaruh Citra Merek dan Reputasi Perusahaan Terhadap Keputusan Pembelian Smartphone Samsung pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Sumatera Utara

    OpenAIRE

    Tarigan, Roy Marthin

    2015-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis seberapa besar pengaruh citra merek dan reputasi perusahaan terhadap pengambilan keputusan pembelian smartphone Samsung pada mahasiswa Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Sumatera Utara. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Sumatera Utara. Metode penelitian yang digunakan yakni dengan metode observasi, kuesioner dan studi kepustakaan yang dilakukan secara sistematik berdasarkan tujuan penelit...

  10. DAENDELS DAN PERKEMBANGAN ARSITEKTUR DI HINDIA BELANDA ABAD 19

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Handinoto Handinoto

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In periods of his governance, Governor General Herman Willem Daendels (1808-1811 greatly influenced the city growth of Batavia (currently known as Jakarta and Surabaya. He has also affected colonial architecture in Dutch East Indies during 19th century. His style of leadership that was arrogant and tough has been succeeded to reborn proud of Dutch nation as a colonist and also eliminate Javanese traditional architecture that was started to adopt by some Dutch ‘aristocrat’ at the end of 18th century for housing development. Daendels’ governance initiated new style of architecture which is known as ‘Indische Empire’. The style has been adopted from ‘Empire’ style of France and has made some adjustment with local climate and life style of Dutch East Indies The style has been used in Dutch East Indies during 19th century. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Dalam kurun waktu pemerintahannya selama kurang lebih 3,5 tahun, Gubernur Jendral Herman Willem Daendels (1808-1811 ternyata berperan besar terhadap perkembangan kota di Batavia (sekarang Jakarta dan Surabaya maupun arsitektur kolonial di Hindia Belanda sepanjang abad ke 19. Gaya pemerintahannya yang keras dan angkuh ternyata berhasil menghidupkan kembali keangkuhan Belanda sebagai kaum penjajah dan menjauhkan pengaruh arsitektur tradisional Jawa yang sudah mulai diadaptasi oleh kaum ’aristokrat’ Belanda pada akhir abad 18, untuk pembangunan perumahan. Kedatangan Daendels mengakibatkan timbulnya gaya arsitektur yang kemudian dikenal dengan sebutan ” Indische Empire”, berasal dari gaya Empire di Perancis yang disesuaikan dengan iklim dan gaya hidup di Hindia Belanda. Gaya ini berkembang di Hindia Belanda sepanjang abad ke 19. Kata kunci: Sejarah arsitektur Kolonial Belanda, Daendels, Indische Empire.

  11. INDUSTRIALISASI DAN TANTANGANNYA PADA SEKTOR PENDIDIKAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arif Unwanullah

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Industrialisasi dan Tantangannya pada Sektor Pendidikan. Sumbangan pendidikan dalam perubahan dan pembangunan masa lalu telah bergeser dengan kemajuan teknoekonomi dan komunikasi. Perubahan yang terjadi telah menggeser tatanan kehidupan dan pandangan masyarakat. Materialisme, kapitalisme, efisiensi, dan efektivitas telah menjadi tujuan dan semangat hidup. Pergeseran pandangan masyarakat telah mengubah pula pandangan keberhasilan dan mutu pendidikan, di mana pendidikan diukur dari keberhasilan dalam keterserapan lulusan dalam dunia kerja, oleh karenanya pendidikan dianalisis dari karakteristik sebagai investasi (capital-investment. Pergeseran makna dan tanggung jawab pendidikan mendorong dunia pendidikan melakukan pembaruan dengan alternatif: membangun pembaruan penalaran warganya menuju pemerdekaan dan pendewasaan, pendidikan dilaksanakan secara komprehensif dan bekerjasama dengan semua pihak secara kemitraan, dan membangun visi pendidikan secara komprehensif dan simultan dengan semua pihak. Kata kunci: perubahan sosial, materialistik, modernisasi dan kapitalis Abstract: Industrialization and its education Sector challenges. Contribution of education has shifted with the progress of technology, economy, and communication. The changes have shifted the society's views. Materialism, capitalism, efficiency, and effectiveness have become of interest and enthusiasm for life. The shift has changed society's view, i.e. the view of success and quality of education, in which education is measured from a rate of the absorption of graduates into labor market, therefore education is analyzed from the characteristics of an investment (capital-investment. A shift in meaning and responsibility of education encourages the education sector to create reformation through these following alternatives: creating new thoughts towards liberation and maturation, implementing education comprehensively and cooperating with all parties in partnership, and creating

  12. Workplace innovation, social innovation and social quality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oeij, P.R.A.; Dhondt, S.; Korver, T.

    2011-01-01

    Social innovation is becoming a core value of the EU flagship initiative Innovation Union, but it is not clearly demarcated as it covers a wide field of topics. To understand social innovation within European policymaking a brief outline is given of EC policy developments on innovation and on workpl

  13. The Kyoto Mechanisms and Technological Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Lund, Henrik

    2003-01-01

    Climate change response, including implementation of the Kyoto targets as the first step, calls for technological innovation of future sustainable energy systems. One of the important agreements in several declarations, including the Kyoto protocol, has been to promote and coordinate the collaboration between the countries in the necessary technological development. The paper encourage that the Kyoto mechanisms will be used for acceleration of the necessary technical innovation in Denmark.

  14. The Kyoto Mechanisms and Technological Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Henrik

    2003-01-01

    Climate change response, including implementation of the Kyoto targets as the first step, calls for technological innovation of future sustainable energy systems. One of the important agreements in several declarations, including the Kyoto protocol, has been to promote and coordinate...... the collaboration between the countries in the necessary technological development. The paper encourage that the Kyoto mechanisms will be used for acceleration of the necessary technical innovation in Denmark....

  15. The meaning and measurement of implementation climate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bergmire Dawn M

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Climate has a long history in organizational studies, but few theoretical models integrate the complex effects of climate during innovation implementation. In 1996, a theoretical model was proposed that organizations could develop a positive climate for implementation by making use of various policies and practices that promote organizational members' means, motives, and opportunities for innovation use. The model proposes that implementation climate--or the extent to which organizational members perceive that innovation use is expected, supported, and rewarded--is positively associated with implementation effectiveness. The implementation climate construct holds significant promise for advancing scientific knowledge about the organizational determinants of innovation implementation. However, the construct has not received sufficient scholarly attention, despite numerous citations in the scientific literature. In this article, we clarify the meaning of implementation climate, discuss several measurement issues, and propose guidelines for empirical study. Discussion Implementation climate differs from constructs such as organizational climate, culture, or context in two important respects: first, it has a strategic focus (implementation, and second, it is innovation-specific. Measuring implementation climate is challenging because the construct operates at the organizational level, but requires the collection of multi-dimensional perceptual data from many expected innovation users within an organization. In order to avoid problems with construct validity, assessments of within-group agreement of implementation climate measures must be carefully considered. Implementation climate implies a high degree of within-group agreement in climate perceptions. However, researchers might find it useful to distinguish implementation climate level (the average of implementation climate perceptions from implementation climate strength (the

  16. TRANSFORMASI ORGANISASIONAL DAN MSDM: HAMBATAN DAN IMPLIKASINYA PADA REKRUTMEN DAN SELEKSI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Licen Indahwati Darsono

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Rapid change of environment is an external force that causes the organization to transform. Fundamentally, the main purpose of the transformation is to change the organizational structure to be more flexible and competitive with fewer hierarchial levels, managers, and employees. The transformation needs to be radical, causing resistance from the organization's members. Their resistance can cause the transformation to fail, therefore organization must find ways to lessen this resistance. First, organization must learn about the diversity of its members' cultures and values. Second, organization must build its own organizational culture which can support the success of the transformation, by communicating it with the members of the organization. To support organizational culture building efforts, it needs changes in human resources practices, especially recruitment and selection. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Perubahan yang cepat dalam lingkungan merupakan kekuatan eksternal yang mengakibatkan transformasi dalam sebuah organisasi. Pada dasarnya, tujuan utama dari transformasi tersebut adalah merubah struktur organisasi agar menjadi lebih fleksibel dan mampu bersaing, dengan tingkat structural yang sedikit, serta jumlah manajer dan karyawan yang lebih kecil. Transformasi tersebut harus menyeluruh, dan hal ini dapat menyebabkan resistensi dari para anggota organisasi yang memperhambat perubahan tersebut. Resistensi itu bisa menyebabkan perubahan tersebut batal, oleh karena itu organisasi harus mencari jalan untuk mengurangi hambatan-hambatan tersebut. Pertama, organisasi harus belajar keanekaragaman dari budaya dan nilai anggotanya. Kedua, organisasi harus mengembangkan budaya organisasi sendiri melalui komunikasi yang baik dengan anggotanya. Untuk mendukung usaha mengembangkan budaya organisasi, harus ada perubaban pada kebijakan sumber daya manusia, terutama dalam rekrutmen dan seleksi karyawan. Kata kunci: transformasi, resistensi, budaya

  17. Les immigrants dans les regions metropolitaines de recensement au Canada

    OpenAIRE

    Schellenberg, Grant

    2004-01-01

    Dans ce rapport, on examine les facteurs des immigrants dans les regions metropolitaines de recensement (RMR) au Canada, les repercussions sur les services publics offerts dans les regions urbaines et les caracteristiques de l'emploi des immigrants.

  18. KESESUAIAN BERAT BADAN DAN TINGGI BADAN TERHADAP ESTIMASI BERAT BADAN DAN TINGGI BADAN PADA ETNIS MANDAR

    OpenAIRE

    Nurfadilla; Citrakesumasari; Syam, Aminuddin

    2015-01-01

    Data berat badan dan tinggi badan sangat diperlukan dalam penilaian status gizi dan penentuan kebutuhan zat gizi pasien. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui kesesuaian (koefisien korelasi) antara BBA dengan estimasi BB berdasarkan LiLA dan TBA dengan estimasi TB berdasarkan tinggi lutut, dan rentang lengan pada usia dewasa etnis mandar. Jenis penelitian adalah penelitian deskriptif numerik dengan desain cross sectional. Teknik sampling menggunakan systematic random sampling, sebanyak 111 oran...

  19. Approaching Service Innovation Patterns

    OpenAIRE

    Nagy, Andrea

    2013-01-01

    The present paper aims at analyzing the types of innovation in the field of services. First, the concept of innovation is defined and second, field literature is reviewed from the perspective of service innovation. The main types of innovation are identified based on several attempts at defining innovation, the most notable being Schumpeter’s. Thus, it is possible to approach concepts such as product and process innovation, incremental and radical innovation. Another aim has been to regard se...

  20. Bruxims Dan Pengaruhnya Pada Wajah Dan Mulut Anak

    OpenAIRE

    Ringan Mariana Sitepu

    2008-01-01

    Bruxism merupakan salah satu kebiasaan buruk yang dilakukan anak. Kebiasaan ini biasanya dilakukan selama tidur tanpa disadari oleh anak. Suara bising yang ditimbulkan oleh kekuatan grinding biasanya didengar oleh orang tua atau orang yang menemani anak tidur. Awalnya bruxism tidak memberi pengaruh terhadap gigi tetapi selalu menimbulkan sakit kepala dan kelelahan otot pada miofasial ketika bangun tidur pada pagi hari, Rasa sakit pada kepala inilah yang sering dikeluhkan oleh anak pender...

  1. The Effects of Principal's Leadership Style on Support for Innovation: Evidence from Korean Vocational High School Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Joo-Ho

    2012-01-01

    A climate of innovation and principal leadership in schools are regarded as significant factors in successfully implementing school change or innovation. Nevertheless, the relationship between the school climate supportive of innovation and the principal's leadership has rarely been addressed to determine whether schools successfully perform their…

  2. German innovation initiative for nanotechnology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In many areas of nanotechnology, Germany can count on a good knowledge basis due to its diverse activities in nanosciences. This knowledge basis, when paired with the production and sales structures needed for implementation and the internationally renowned German talent for system integration, should consequently lead to success in the marketplace. And this is exactly the field of application for the innovation initiative 'Nanotechnologie erobert Maerkte' (nanotechnology conquers markets) and for the new BMBF strategy in support of nanotechnology. Until now, aspects of nanotechnology have been advanced within the confines of their respective technical subject areas. However, the primary aim of incorporating them into an overall national strategy is to build on Germany's well-developed and internationally competitive research in science and technology to tap the potential of Germany's important industrial sectors for the application of nanotechnology through joint research projects (leading-edge innovations) that strategically target the value-added chain. This development is to be supported by government education policy to remedy a threatening shortage of skilled professionals. To realize that goal, forward-looking political policymaking must become oriented to a uniform concept of innovation, one that takes into consideration all facets of new technological advances that can contribute to a new culture of innovation in Germany. And that includes education and research policy as well as a climate that encourages and supports innovation in science, business and society

  3. PERBEDAAN KUALITAS TIDUR DAN KUALITAS MIMPI ANTARA MAHASISWA LAKI-LAKI DAN MAHASISWA PEREMPUAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fuad Nashori, R. Rachmy Diana R. Rachmy Diana

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan kualitas tidur dan kualitas mimpiantara mahasiswa pria dan mahasiswa wanita. Hipotesis yang diajukan adalah (a adaperbedaan kualitas tidur antara mahasiswa laki-laki dan mahasiswa perempuan,mahasiswawanita memiliki kualitas tidur yang lebih tinggi dibanding mahasiswa laki-laki, dan (b adaperbedaan kualitas mimpi antara mahasiswa laki-laki dan mahasiswa perempuan, mahasiswawanita memiliki kualitas mimpi yang lebih tinggi dibanding mahasiswa laki-laki.Alat ukur yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Skala Kualitas Tidur danSkala Kualitas Mimpi. Alat ukur Skala Kualitas Tidur dan Skala Kualitas Mimpidirumuskan berdasarkan teori kualitas tidur yang disusun oleh penulis. Subjek penelitian iniadalah 319 mahasiswa Universitas Islam Indonesia Yogyakarta, yang berasal dari delapanfakultas (psikologi, kedokteran, matematika dan ilmu pengetahuan, teknologi industri, teksniksipil dan perencanaan, ilmu agama islam, hukum, dan ekonomi.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (a ada perbedaan kualitas tidur antara mahasiswa priadan wanita; mahasiswa wanita memiliki kualitas tidur yang lebih tinggi dibanding mahasiswalaki-laki, dan (b tidak ada perbedaan kualitas mimpi antara mahasiswa pria dan wanita.Kata kunci:    kualitas tidur, kualitas mimpi, jenis kelamin

  4. Dayak Punan: Eksploitasi Gaharu dan Ancaman Subsistensi

    OpenAIRE

    Marahalim Siagian

    2009-01-01

    Studi lapangan ini melihat subsistensi masyarakat Dayak Punan di interior hutan Kalimantan Timur (Kaltim) yang terisolasi, di mana gaharu (Aquilaria becacariana) merupakan hasil hutan utama yang diperdagangkan dan merupakan produk yang terintegrasi dengan pasar internasional. Tingginya harga dan permintaan pasar menyebabkan gaharu terus dieksploitasi. Akibat eksploitasi gaharu yang terus-menerus, gaharu menjadi sangat langka dan pencaharian Punan mulai terancam. ker-jul2006- (1)

  5. Innovation ouverte : vers la génération 2.0

    OpenAIRE

    Jullien, Nicolas; Pénin, Julien

    2014-01-01

    L'innovation ouverte reste un concept très large, un peu fourre-tout, dont les frontières, les formes et les enjeux doivent encore d'être clarifiés. C'est précisément ce que nous nous proposons de faire dans cette contribution. Dans un premier temps, nous définissons le concept d'innovation ouverte et nous le confrontons aux théories existantes en économie et gestion de l'innovation. Cela nous amène notamment à distinguer les deux faces de l'innovation ouverte l'" inside-out et l'" outside-in...

  6. Des paysans dans la jungle

    OpenAIRE

    Krauskopff, Gisèle

    2003-01-01

    Cet article décrit les techniques de piégeage au filet utilisées par les Tharu. paysans qui vivent dans la forêt paludéenne du Terai. La chasse, comme la pêche, se pratique sans effusion de sang. Lorsqu'ils s'adressent aux esprits de la malemort, responsables de la plupart des maladies, les prêtres utilisent des techniques rituelles différentes selon la « catégorie du paysage » à laquelle les esprits sont associés, site habité ou forêt. « Dans la forêt », le prêtre, installé sur ses ma...

  7. Violence dans l’appareil

    OpenAIRE

    Bégin, Richard

    2008-01-01

    Dans une communauté médiatique comme la nôtre, de plus en plus fondée sur l’accessibilité de l’information (Youtube), l’économie des télé-réalités (Loft Story) et les diverses marques d’authenticité (Facebook), l’image s’échange et se monnaie davantage qu’elle ne se manifeste et ne se révèle à l’esprit. En d’autres termes, l’image dans l’hypermodernité occidentale perd constamment de sa force évocatrice au “profit” des seuls pouvoirs de la représentation et de la communication. L’image ainsi ...

  8. Climate science hit by job cuts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Randall, Ian

    2016-03-01

    Climate researchers in Australia are bracing themselves for heavy job cuts as the country's national scientific agency - the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) - said last month it will reprioritize towards innovation.

  9. KOMPLIKASI, PENCEGAHAN DAN PENANGANAN EKSTRAVASASI AGEN KEMOTERAPI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I G A Mirah K

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Ekstravasasi agen kemoterapi ke jaringan sekitarnya merupakan kecelakaan yangdapat menyebabkan kerusakan jaringan progresif ireversibel dalam hitungan jamsampai hari. Manifestasi klinis ekstravasasi berupa nyeri, edema, eritema, danindurasi yang kemudian berkembang menjadi ulkus dan eschar hitam dankerusakan jaringan yang mendasarinya. Pencegahan terjadinya ekstravasasi dapatdilakukan dengan menggunakan pembuluh darah yang paten dan dengan aliranyang cepat dan tetap memperhatikan keluhan yang disampaikan pasien. Setiaptenaga kesehatan yang akan menangani pasien kanker dengan kemoterapi, dituntutmemiliki pengetahuan mengenai ekstravasasi agen kemoterapi yang bergunadalam meningkatkan pelayanan pada pasien dan mengurangi morbiditas.

  10. Morphogenèse, climat et sociétés dans la plaine de Sfax (Tunisie depuis le Pléistocène supérieur : l'exemple du bassin versant de l'oued Chaâl-Tarfaoui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noômène Fehri

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available À travers une démarche chronologique et une approche géomorpho-historico-archéologique, cet article est une synthèse sur les rapports entre la morphogenèse, les variations climatiques et les sociétés humaines depuis le Pléistocène supérieur jusqu'à nos jours.Dans le bassin versant de l'oued Chaâl-Tarfaoui, le Pléistocène supérieur est représenté par un niveau sableux à concrétions calcaires. À l'Holocène, le remaniement de ces sables essentiellement éoliens accumulés, selon toute vraisemblance, à la fin du Würm par des vents de secteur Nord, génère deux nappes alluviales majeures : une basse nappe alluviale holocène pré-romaine (préhistorique ? et une très basse nappe alluviale holocène historique post-romaine. Les crues exceptionnelles de 1969 ont édifié une troisième nappe mais d'une épaisseur moins importante que les précédentes.This paper is a synthesis of relations between morphogenetic activity, climatic changes and human societies from Upper Pleistocene up to now, using a chronological and geomorpho-historico-archaeological approach.In wadi Chaâl-Tarfaoui catchment, Upper Pleistocene formations are sandy with nodular calcretes very probably wind blown at the end of Würmian period by southward winds. During Holocene they were removed by runoff into two main alluvial formations. The older one is the low Holocene historic pre-roman (prehistoric ? formation and the younger one is the very low Holocene historic post-roman formation. A third formation has been deposited by 1969 exceptional floods. It is thinner than the previous formations.

  11. Culture as a Driver of Innovation Performance : A case study at the ASSA ABLOY Group

    OpenAIRE

    Back, Linn; Landberg, Isabelle

    2014-01-01

    Innovation has become increasingly important for organizations to sustain their competitive advantage. Among the factors frequently put forward as drivers of innovation are for instance innovation strategies, -processes, -tools, and –methods. Alongside these traditional managerial means, there is also explicit focus on innovation climate and –culture. Organizational culture has been proposed as a key factor in explaining innovation in firms, in particular in the light of high-performing and i...

  12. Innovation policy for directing technical change in the power sector

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Aalbers; V. Shestalova; V. Kocsis

    2013-01-01

    This paper discusses policy instruments for redirecting technical change within the electricity sector to mitigate climate change. First, we unravel the mechanism behind directed technical change, explaining why markets may underprovide innovations in expensive renewable technologies in comparison t

  13. Building America Top Innovations 2012: Unvented, Conditioned Crawlspaces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2013-01-01

    This Building America Top Innovations profile describes Building America research which influenced code requirements by demonstrating that unvented, conditioned crawlspaces use 15% to 18% less energy for heating and cooling while reducing humidity over 20% in humid climates.

  14. EFEK PENAMBAHAN KAFEIN, HEPARIN DAN CALSIUM IONOPHORE TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KUALITAS SEMEN KAMBING BOER HASIL PEMISAHAN KROMOSOM X DAN Y

    OpenAIRE

    Sutomo Syawal, S.Pt.

    2005-01-01

    Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu untuk membandingkan kualitas semen kabing Boer hasil pemisahan kromosom X dan Y dengan penambahan kafein, heparin dan calsium ionophore. Rancangan yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) pola faktorial 2 x 3 x 6 dengan 3 kali ulangan. Faktor pertama adalah medium pemisah (10% dan 30%), faktor kedua penambahan kafein (0,1,2 dan 4 mM/L), heparin (0,1,2 dan 4 IU/mL) dan calsium ionophore (0,0,1,0,2 dan 0,4 mm/L ) dan faktor ketiga adalah lama penyimpanan (1...

  15. KEUNGGULAN BERSAING BERBASIS BUDAYA DAN INOVASI PRODUK: SEBUAH EKSPLORASI MODEL KONSEPTUAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frans Sudirjo

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The long term aim of this study is to develop a superior competitive conceptual model which is based on culture and product innovation. The specific target of this study empirically tests the effects of consumer’s knowledge management to the competitive superioritywhich is based on the culture, the product differentiation effects of competitive superiority, the influence of superior competitive which is based on culture to the marketing performance, the influence of Research and Development intensity to the product innovation, theinfluence of management of competitor’s knowledgeto the product innovation and the influence of product innovation to the marketingperformance. The Sampling techniques used is based on the simple random sampling. The sample used is the director of 110 medium-scale furniture industries in Central Java Province. The data is obtained by having interviews. In collecting the data, a combination of open questions and closed questions have been given to the respondents. Structural Equation Modeling is implemented for analyzing the data. The findings in this study may enrich the literature so that it cancreate superior value and innovation. Then, the performance of companies can improve. Tujuan jangka panjang penelitian ini adalah mengembangkan sebuah model konseptual keunggulan bersaing berbasis budaya dan inovasi produk. Target khusus penelitian ini menguji secara empirik pengaruh pengelolaan pengetahuan pelanggan terhadap keunggulan bersaing berbasis budaya, pengaruh diferensiasi produk terhadap keunggulan bersaing berbasis budaya dan pengaruh keunggulan bersaing berbasis budaya terhadap kinerja pemasaran, pengaruh intensitas litbang terhadap inovasi produk, pengaruh pengelolaan pengetahuan pesaing terhadap inovasi produk, dan pengaruh inovasi produk terhadap kinerja pemasaran.Teknik sampling berdasarkan simple random sampling, Sampel yang digunakan adalah 110 direktur industri mebel skala menengah di Propinsi Jawa

  16. Funding innovation

    CERN Multimedia

    Marina Giampietro

    2012-01-01

    For the first time, six knowledge and technology transfer activities are set to benefit from a dedicated fund made available by the Knowledge Transfer group. This initiative cements CERN’s commitment to sharing its technological knowledge and expertise with society.   GEM detectors for flame detection and early earthquake prediction, radio-frequency absorbers for energy recovery, and exotic radioisotopes for medical applications are among the projects funded by the recently introduced KT Fund. “CERN’s scientific programme generates a considerable amount of intellectual property, a natural driver for innovation,” explains Giovanni Anelli, Head of the Knowledge Transfer Group. “Very often, though, financial support is needed to bring the newly-born technologies a step further and make them ready for transfer to other research institutes or to companies.” This is where the KT fund comes into play. It provides vital support in the early sta...

  17. Corporation as climate ambassador

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trapp, Leila

    2012-01-01

    At a time when corporations are addressing increasingly complex, global corporate social responsibility (CSR) issues, this study examines and evaluates the strategies used in Vattenfall’s challenging and innovative CSR campaign which aimed at establishing the energy company as a credible climate ...... than in securing company-related business interests. Two ways to ensure greater credibility in similar cases are proposed: communicating explicitly about company motives for conducting CSR campaigns, and carrying out CSR campaigns in collaboration with non-profit organizations....

  18. Gouvernance des territoires et développement rural : une grille d’analyse pour appréhender les innovations organisationnelles

    OpenAIRE

    Rey-Valette, Hélène; Soulard, Christophe-Toussaint; Mathé, Syndhia; Michel, Laura; Maurel, Pierre; Chia, Eduardo; Clement, Camille; Guiheneuf, Pierre-Yves; Laurens, Lucette; Martinand, Pierre; Nougaredes, Brigitte; Valarie, Pierre; Barbe, Eric

    2009-01-01

    Cette communication est proposée par l’équipe du projet de recherche Gouv-Innov sur les innovations organisationnelles mises en oeuvre dans le cadre de la gouvernance territoriale. Il s’agit de rendre compte en premier lieu de la problématique de la gouvernance territoriale en relation avec l’émergence des politiques de développement durable et de gestion intégrée des espaces ruraux. Les auteurs présentent ensuite la logique du projet Gouv-Innov réalisé dans le cadre du programme PSDR3, à par...

  19. Innovation in the plural of the alpine cre-actors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréa Finger-Stich

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The capacity to innovate for a sustainable development of alpine territories cannot depend only on economic, legal and political conditions defined by the State at national and international levels. It depends also on local conditions that situate historically and geographically the actors in a continuity of social and ecological relationships. This approach highlights the collective – thus organisational – dimensions of the innovation process, including the imagination, the development, the implementation and even the diffusion of a new practice. Our point of view is that for contributing to the sustainable development of the Alps, innovations need to change the ecological, political, social and cultural relationships engaging the actors in these territories. This change affects as much the object territory as the subject actor of the territory. This is why innovating in the Alps means also innovating the Alps and the alpine actors (Cosalp, 2008. Based on a research about local people’s participation in the management of alpine communal forests, the article shows the importance of local interactions involving actors of diverse occupation, gender, age and origins1.La capacité d’innovation pour un développement durable des territoires alpins ne peut dépendre uniquement de conditions économiques, légales et politiques définies par les Etats aux échelles nationale et internationale. Elle dépend aussi de conditions locales, qui situent historiquement et géographiquement les acteurs dans une continuité de relations sociales et écologiques. Cette perspective accentue l’importance de la dimension collective, donc organisationnelle, du processus d’innovation, allant de l’imagination, puis au développement, à la réalisation – voire la diffusion – d’une nouvelle pratique. Le point de vue de cet article est qu’une innovation, pour contribuer au développement durable des Alpes, doit changer les relations

  20. ENTREPRENEURS’ CONFIDENCE IN INNOVATION AND THEIR INNOVATIVENESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nastooh Nochian

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This article tests the hypothesis that entrepreneurs’ confidence in innovation has a positive effect on their innovativeness. The sample is 550 owner managers sampled from the population of owner managers in Iran in 2010, surveyed in the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, GEM. An organizational innovation confidence index is constructed from three questions asking whether the organization that they work in is likely to buy products or services that are new, use new technologies in their daily work, and use new products and services that will improve their working life. Innovation is measured by two questions asking if customers consider the product or service new and unfamiliar, if the technologies or procedures required for the product or service are new. Using structural equations modeling, we conclude that there is a positive effect of organizational innovation confidence on innovation. Therefore, the Iranian owner managers who have more confidence in innovation act more innovatively.

  1. Hvordan kan staten fremme innovation, der fører til bæredygtige energisystemer?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Helle Ørsted; Pedersen, Anders Branth

    2013-01-01

    kan fremme innovation, der sikrer en sådan omstilling. Artiklen undersøger, om nyere systemiske transitionsteorier indebærer en reformulering af statens rolle i innovationsprocesser sammenlignet med traditionelle økonomiske teorier om innovationsfremme. Det gør den dels gen-nem teori-review, dels...

  2. Innovation and Collective Entrepreneurship

    OpenAIRE

    Spear, Roger

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines different forms of innovation including social innovation, and why innovation and social innovation have become important themes in public policy in a context of the increasing and diverse demands on welfare regimes, and in an era of constrained budgets. It will review different perspectives on innovation and social innovation and the dynamic interaction through collective entrepreneurship in the social and solidarity economy; bringing out process and outcome dimensions of...

  3. ANALISIS TINGKAT KEPUASAN DAN HARAPAN PASEN TERHADAP PELAYANAN PUSKESMAS DAN RUMAH SAKIT DAERAH PROVINSI DIY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunarto Sunarto

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Kepuasan merupakan perasaan seseorang mengenai kesenangan atau kekecewaan sebagai hasil membandingkan antara kinerja dan harapan. Jumlah kunjungan Puskesmas tahun 2007 sebesar 3.094.027 pasien yang terdiri dari 3.076442 rawat jalan dan 17.585 rawat inap. Penelitian untuk mengentahui gambaran tingkat kepuasan dan untuk mengetahui perbedaan tingkat kepuasan dan harapan pasien yang mendapatkan pelayanan Puskemas dan rumah sakit menurut wilayah Kabupatet / Kota di Propinsi DIY Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif analitik dengan menggunakan rancangan cros sectional. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan adalah kuisioner dengan 35 item pernyataan yang diambil dari atribut-atribut SERVQUAL dalam 5 dimensi. Total sampel untuk lima Kabupaten Kota sebanyak 1000, masing-masing Kabupaten Kota 200. Penelitian ini dilakukan terhadap pasien yang menerima pelayanan kesehatan di Puskesmas dan Rumah Sakit Daerah di Kabupaten-Kota Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Penilaian tingkat kepuasan pasien ketika mereka berobat ke Puskesmas dan Rumah Sakit di Propinsi DIY, dengan menggunakan skala O sampai 4. Hasilnya adalah dimensi tangibles, rata-rata kepuasan pasien (2,96 cukup dan harapan pasien (3,38 pada dimensi reliability, rata-rata kepuasan pasien (3,01 bagus dan harapan pasien (3,40. Pada dimensi responsiveness, rata-rata kepuasan pa-sien (3,07 bagus dan harapan pasien (3,42. Dimensi assurance, rata-rata kepuasan pasien (3, 1 0 bagus dan harapan pasien (3 ,42. pada dimensi emphaty, rata-rata kepuasan pasien (3,02 bagus dan harapan pasien (3,35. Hasil uji statistik didapatkan nilai p > 0.05, berarti pada alpha 5%, dapat disimpulkan bahwa tidak terdapat perbedaan tingkat kepuasan diantara kelima wilayah kabupaten/kota di DIY. Penilaian tingkat kepuasan pasien, ketika mereka berkunjung ke Puskesmas dan Rumah Sakit di DIY secara rata-rata bagus dan tidak ada perbedaan tingkat kepuasan menurut wilayah Kabupaten-Kota di Propinsi DIY. Kata Kunci : Kepuasan, harapan

  4. Services in innovation - Innovation in services

    OpenAIRE

    Hauknes, Johan

    1998-01-01

    There has been a considerable gap between efforts to understand innovation and other change processes, and ongoing structural changes in national economies. The SI4S project has aimed at developing concepts, empirical evidence and proposals for practical action concerning the role of services in European innovation systems. The general objectives were to map, understand and analyse the changing role of services and service innovations as users, carriers, shapers and sources of innovations in ...

  5. Challenging the Innovation Paradigm

    CERN Document Server

    Sveiby, Karl Erik; Segercrantz, Beata

    2012-01-01

    Innovation is almost always seen as a "good thing". Challenging the Innovation Paradigm is a critical analysis of the innovation frenzy and contemporary innovation research. The one-sided focus on desirable effects of innovation misses many opportunities to reduce the undesirable consequences. Authors in this book show how systemic effects outside the innovating firms reduce the net benefits of innovation for individual employees, customers, as well as for society as a whole - also the innovators' own organizations. This book analyzes the dominant discourses that construct and recons

  6. Dhenggung Asmarandana dan Dhegung Banten: Sebuah Komparasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teguh -

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The Comparation of Dhenggung Asmarandana and Dhegung Banten. Penelitian ini membahas perbandinganantara gending Dhenggung Asmaradana gaya Surakarta dengan gending Dhegung Banten gaya Yogyakarta.Berdasarkan penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa kedua gending memiliki persamaan dan perbedaan. Persamaankeduanya terletak pada laras, pathet, bentuk gendhing, struktur gendhing, serta balungan gending. Sedangkanperbedaannya hanya pada nama dan garap tabuhan bonang.

  7. Workplace innovation and social innovation: an introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Howaldt, J.; Oeij, P.R.A.; Dhondt, S.; Fruytier, B.

    2016-01-01

    This is the introduction to this special issue of World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development (WREMSD) dedicated to workplace innovation and social innovation related to work and organisation. As technological and business model innovations alone are not sufficient to en

  8. Firm persistence in technological innovation: the relevance of organizational innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Naciba Haned; Caroline Mothe; Nguyen-Thi Thuc Uyen

    2014-01-01

    Organizational innovation favors technological innovation, but does it also influence persistence in technological innovation? This article empirically investigates the pattern of technological innovation persistence and tests the potential impact of organizational innovation using firm-level data from three waves of French Community Innovation Surveys. The evidence indicates a positive effect of organizational innovation on persistence in technological innovation, according to various measur...

  9. Energy efficiency determinants: An empirical analysis of Spanish innovative firms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper examines the extent to which innovative Spanish firms pursue improvements in energy efficiency (EE) as an objective of innovation. The increase in energy consumption and its impact on greenhouse gas emissions justifies the greater attention being paid to energy efficiency and especially to industrial EE. The ability of manufacturing companies to innovate and improve their EE has a substantial influence on attaining objectives regarding climate change mitigation. Despite the effort to design more efficient energy policies, the EE determinants in manufacturing firms have been little studied in the empirical literature. From an exhaustive sample of Spanish manufacturing firms and using a logit model, we examine the energy efficiency determinants for those firms that have innovated. To carry out the econometric analysis, we use panel data from the Community Innovation Survey for the period 2008–2011. Our empirical results underline the role of size among the characteristics of firms that facilitate energy efficiency innovation. Regarding company behaviour, firms that consider the reduction of environmental impacts to be an important objective of innovation and that have introduced organisational innovations are more likely to innovate with the objective of increasing energy efficiency. -- Highlights: •Drivers of innovation in energy efficiency at firm-level are examined. •Tangible investments have a greater influence on energy efficiency than R&D. •Environmental and energy efficiency innovation objectives are complementary. •Organisational innovation favors energy efficiency innovation. •Public policies should be implemented to improve firms’ energy efficiency

  10. Climate Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... in a place over a period of time. Climate change is major change in temperature, rainfall, snow, or ... by natural factors or by human activities. Today climate changes are occurring at an increasingly rapid rate. Climate ...

  11. PERUBAHAN, KEBUDAYAAN, DAN AGAMA: PERSPEKTIF ANTROPOLOGI KEKUASAAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wa Ode Sifatu

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Perubahan, kebudayaan, dan agama, merupakan temayang menarik untuk dikaji secara antropologis mengingatmasyarakat Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia (NKRImerupakan masyarakat majemuk dalam segala aspekkehidupan. Bagaimana perubahan, kebudayaan, dan agamamenjadi sumber konflik dalam kehidupan berasyarakat diIndonesia. Tulisan ini menelusuri kedudukan perubahan,kekuasaan, dan agama melalui penelusuran kepustakaanuntuk memahami nilai analitis yang bersifat heuristikdalam konteks antropologi kekuasaan.Sejak keberadaan manusia di muka bumi,manusia selalu bertanya tentang asal-usul keberadaannya,kehidupannya, dan keberadaannya nanti setelah kematian.Manusia berupaya menjawab pertanyaan tersebutmelalui berbagai cara di antaranya melalui agama danilmu pengetahuan. Namun agama menyediakan surgadan neraka, serta ilmu pengetahuan melahirkan berbagaikemudahan dan efek samping yang menimbulkan kerugianbagi manusia sehingga manusia selalu diselimuti olehperasaan takut. Dalam kondisi seperti itu, banyak pihakyang karena kekuasaannya mengklaim kelompoknyasebagai ahli surga sedangkan kelompok lain adalah ahlineraka.

  12. DETERMINAN TRUE DISCOUNT DAN MARKET REACTIONS PENAWARAN SAHAM

    OpenAIRE

    Muniya Alteza

    2013-01-01

    Abstrak: Determinan True Discount dan Market Reactions Penawaran Saham. Penelitian ini bertujuan menguji beberapa variabel sebagai determinan initial return penawaran saham perdana. Initial return dihitung dalam dua komponen, true discount dan market reaction. Determinan true discount dan market reactions dipilih berdasarkan hipotesis asimetri informasi dan hipotesis aftermarket liquidity. Total sampel yang dikumpulkan mencakup 40 penawaran saham perdana periode 2005-2008. Teknik analisis dat...

  13. Bridging conflicting innovation spheres of tourism innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fuglsang, Lars; Sørensen, Flemming; Nordli, Anne Jørgensen

    2016-01-01

    competition which may inhibit networked and open innovation. Tourist destinations are examples of such localized systems. In this paper we present two extreme cases of tourist destinations in which collaborative innovation processes were established in spite of fierce disagreements between actors. We argue...... that in tourist destinations actors belong to conflicting innovation spheres but can be brought together in innovation processes when a diplomat enable compromises and when innovation spheres change from personalized to more generalized forms of activity during interaction. The findings are relevant...

  14. STRATEGI APLIKASI SEL SURYA (PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS PADA PERUMAHAN DAN BANGUNAN KOMERSIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danny Santoso Mintorogo

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available World Oil Energy crisis in the Europe and West countries that forces them to look for alternative energy in term of innovation of photovoltaics technology. Photovoltaics Energy that is so clean, it causes zero pollution and so simple to apply that you hardly know it sit there, no sound and noise, no smoke, no CO2 and Nitrogen-just pure power. That imaginarily nice communities is here now. The communities, countries, and worlds are Solar. The photovoltaic technology has reached to both the invention of the solar cell materials, and to the application of highly applied solar cells technologies in term of building materials such as roofings, claddings-curtain walls and curtain glasses,as well as architectural atria and canopy. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Krisis energi dunia dan tingginya harga sumber energi (minyak di belahan dunia Eropa dan Barat menyebabkan innovasi dalam pemanfaatan energi alternatif yang tidak menimbulkan polusi udara CO2 maupun radioaktif (nuclear power. Energi Sel Surya adalah jawaban tepat dalam menciptakan suatu lingkungan hidup dalam lingkup perumahan maupun bangunan komersial yang ramah lingkungan, abadi, dan gratis dalam tata surya kita ini. Teknologi Aplikasi Sel Surya terus dikembangkan baik dalam innovasi chip sel surya sendiri maupun aplikasi pada bangunan arsitektur dalam berbagai material bangunan seperti : bahan atap, penutup facade bangunan ( cladding dan curtain wall atau glass , canopy atau atrium. Kata kunci: sel surya, perumahan, bangunan komersial.

  15. Probabilistic seasonal Forecasts to deterministic Farm Leve Decisions: Innovative Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mwangi, M. W.

    2015-12-01

    Climate change and vulnerability are major challenges in ensuring household food security. Climate information services have the potential to cushion rural households from extreme climate risks. However, most the probabilistic nature of climate information products is not easily understood by majority of smallholder farmers. Despite the probabilistic nature, climate information have proved to be a valuable climate risk adaptation strategy at the farm level. This calls for innovative ways to help farmers understand and apply climate information services to inform their farm level decisions. The study endeavored to co-design and test appropriate innovation systems for climate information services uptake and scale up necessary for achieving climate risk development. In addition it also determined the conditions necessary to support the effective performance of the proposed innovation system. Data and information sources included systematic literature review, secondary sources, government statistics, focused group discussions, household surveys and semi-structured interviews. Data wasanalyzed using both quantitative and qualitative data analysis techniques. Quantitative data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software. Qualitative data was analyzed using qualitative techniques, which involved establishing the categories and themes, relationships/patterns and conclusions in line with the study objectives. Sustainable livelihood, reduced household poverty and climate change resilience were the impact that resulted from the study.

  16. La recherche pour l'innovation ou l'innovation pour la recherche? Le développement du photovoltaïque en Polynésie

    OpenAIRE

    Akrich, Madeleine

    1988-01-01

    National audience A partir d'une étude de cas, l'implantation d'un programme d'électrification photovoltaïque en Polynésie, cet article s'interroge sur rôle de la recherche dans l'innovation industrielle: on montre que, dans ce cas particulier, cela revient à se poser la question de l'efficacité relative des multiples moyens d'accès au "réel" dont disposent les innovateurs pour ajuster la forme de l'objet technique au milieu auquel il est destiné. L'effort de description porte sur la resti...

  17. Building America Top Innovations 2012: Outside Air Ventilation Controller

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2013-01-01

    venThis Building America Top Innovations profile describes Building America research showing how automated night ventilation can reduce cooling energy costs up to 40% and peak demand up to 50% in California’s hot-dry central valley climates and can eliminate the need for air conditioning altogether in the coastal marine climate.

  18. Innovation Across the Supply Chain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Druehl, Cheryl; Carrillo, Janice; Hsuan, Juliana

    Innovation is an integral part of every firm’s ongoing operations. Beyond product innovation, supply chain innovations offer a unique source of competitive advantage. We synthesize recent research on innovation in the supply chain, specifically, innovative supply chain processes...

  19. PERSEPSI NEGATIF PASIEN KANKER PAYUDARA DAN KOLOREKTAL TERHADAP KEMOTERAPI DAN RADIOTERAPI DI RUMAH SAKIT DI KOTA DENPASAR, BALI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gede Wara Samsarga Samsarga

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Terapi adjuvan yang biasanya diberikan pada pasien kanker payudara dan kanker kolorektal adalah kemoterapi dan radioterapi. Terapi adjuvan biasanya diberikan setelah terapi primer untuk meningkatkan angka kesembuhan penyakit, mencegah rekurensi, dan membunuh sel-sel kanker yang tersisa ataupun yang telah bermetastasis (terutama mikrometastasis. Terapi adjuvan juga berfungsi sebagai terapi paliatif untuk meningkatkan harapan hidup pasien kanker. Dalam kenyataannya banyak pasien kanker, khususnya kanker payudara dan kolorektal yang menghindari tindakan kemoterapi dan radioterapi. Dari 38 orang pasien kanker payudara dan kolorektal, didapatkan bahwa 26,3% takut gagal, 39,5% takut efek samping, 7,9% biaya yang mahal, 10,5% karena berlangsung dalam jangka waktu yang lama, dan 15,8% tidak takut terhadap kemoterapi dan radioterapi. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa tingkat pemahaman pasien kanker payudara dan kanker kolorektal terhadap tindakan kemoterapi dan radioterapi masih cukup rendah dimana 68,4% sampel tidak tahu dan tidak mengerti tentang tindakan kemoterapi dan radioterapi. Pemahaman yang kurang tentang tindakan kemoterapi dan radioterapi ini nantinya dapat mengakibatkan timbulnya persepsi negatif terhadap tindakan kemoterapi dan radioterapi. Maka dari itu sangat diperlukan adanya suatu edukasi yang baik bagi setiap pasien tentang penyakit dan modalitas terapi yang akan diberikan. Dokter diharapkan mampu untuk mengubah persepsi negatif pasien terkait tindakan kemoterapi dan radioterapi.  

  20. The Culture of Innovation; La Cultura de Innovacion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cornejo Canamares, M.

    2009-09-25

    Innovation has become one of the most important elements to increase the competitiveness of companies and countries. First, a country and a company have to create the favourable conditions that impulse the innovation and, from there, implement and negotiate their own model of culture of innovation that helps themselves to adapt and to generate new ideas. All of this supposes, in addition to an economic effort, an effort in political, social and organization transformations, for creating a good climate for the innovation. The goal of this paper is, first of all, to expose that companies need to develop a culture of innovation. Secondly, to study how the culture of innovation can influence the methods and tools of traditional enterprise management. Finally, to analyze the present situation of the R+D+i system at the European Union (EU ) and at Spain and how this situation may have influence in a country's culture of innovation. (Author) 56 refs.

  1. Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Institutions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stam, E.; Nooteboom, B.

    2011-01-01

    This paper discusses the nature of entrepreneurship and its relation to innovation along a cycle in which exploration and exploration follow upon each other. We place the roles of entrepreneurship in innovation policy within this cycle of innovation. Different types of innovation along the cycle of

  2. Innovations in urban agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Schans, van der, D.A.; Renting, Henk; Veenhuizen, van, R.

    2014-01-01

    This issuehighlights innovations in urban agriculture. Innovation and the various forms of innovations are of particular importance because urban agriculture is adapted to specific urban challenges and opportunities. Innovation is taking place continuously, exploring the multiple fundions of urban agriculture, including food security, income generation and environmental management.

  3. Innovation and collective entrepreneurship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spear, Roger

    2012-01-01

    different perspectives on innovation and social innovation and the dynamic interaction through collective entrepreneurship in the the social and solidarity economy; bringing out process and outcome dimensions of innovation. And it will develop an understanding of the drivers and barriers to innovation...

  4. Innovation: a necessary luxury

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Duin, P.A.

    2015-01-01

    Innovate, innovate, innovate, it has become the mantra of any modern company. But how much stands of these ambitions after the business case is completed. And what does it take to truly innovate as a company. Patrick van der Duin sheds light on the subject from a corporate as well as an academic per

  5. Innovation fri for floskler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bukh, Per Nikolaj

    2009-01-01

    Anmeldelse af Roberto Verganti, 2009, Design-Driven Innovation: Changing the Rules of Competition by Radically Innovating what things mean, Harvard Business Press. Udgivelsesdato: 27. november......Anmeldelse af Roberto Verganti, 2009, Design-Driven Innovation: Changing the Rules of Competition by Radically Innovating what things mean, Harvard Business Press. Udgivelsesdato: 27. november...

  6. User Innovation Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kanstrup, Anne Marie; Bertelsen, Pernille

    User Innovation Management (UIM) is a method for fo-opereation with users in innovation projects. The UIM method emphasizes the practice of a participatorty attitude.......User Innovation Management (UIM) is a method for fo-opereation with users in innovation projects. The UIM method emphasizes the practice of a participatorty attitude....

  7. Radical Financial Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Robert J. Shiller

    2004-01-01

    Radical financial innovation is the development of new institutions and methods that permit risk management to be extended far beyond its former realm, covering important new classes of risks. This paper compares past such innovation with potential future innovation, looking at the process that produced past success and the possibilities for future financial innovation.

  8. Education and Social Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Palle

    The working paper is an attempt to structure the issue of education and social innovation and indicate topics that can be investigated further. Three aspects are outlined, the contribution of social innovation in educational provision, the educative dimension of social innovation and the issue...... of education for social innovation....

  9. Urban Vulnerability and Climate Change in Africa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Gertrud

    IPCC climate change scenarios, which also consider possible changes in urban population, have been developed. Innovative strategies to land use and spatial planning are proposed that seek synergies between the adaptation to climate change and the need to solve social problems. Furthermore, the book......Urbanisation and climate change are among the major challenges for sustainable development in Africa. The overall aim of this book is to present innovative approaches to vulnerability analysis and for enhancing the resilience of African cities against climate change-induced risks. Locally adapted...... explores the role of governance in successfully coping with climate-induced risks in urban areas. The book is unique in that it combines: a top-down perspective of climate change modeling with a bottom-up perspective of vulnerability assessment; quantitative approaches from engineering sciences...

  10. Desain Dan Analisis Perhitungan Roda Pendaratan Pesawat Tanpa Awak

    OpenAIRE

    Aulia, T. Muhammad Rinaldi

    2015-01-01

    Landing gear merupakan struktur pesawat yang berfungsi menahan beban statis pesawat dan juga beban dinamis ketika pesawat melakukan pendaratan. Dalam mendesain landing gear dilakukan pemilihan jenis landing gear dan dilakukan analisis perhitungan pada tiap komponen landing gear yang meliputi pusat gravitasi, tinggi pesawat, wheel base, wheel track, dan roda. Desain dan analisis perhitungan dilakukan dengan metode studi pustaka dimana setiap desain dan perhitungan didasarkan pada literatur pu...

  11. PENGARUH RELIGIUSITAS DAN ETIKA KERJA ISLAMI TERHADAP MOTIVASI KERJA

    OpenAIRE

    Fauzan Fauzan; Irma Tyasari

    2015-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui apakah ada pengaruh antara religiustas dan etika kerja islami terhadap motivasi kerja. Dugaan awal, religiustas dan etika kerja islami berpengaruh terhadap motivasi kerja. Subjek penelitian ini adalah para guru di SMP yang dikelola oleh LP Ma’arif Kota Malang. Penelitian ini menggunakan kuesioner adaptasi dan modifikasi skala Islamic Work Ethics yang dkembangkan oleh Abbas Ali ( 1987) dan skala religiusitas yang dikembangkan oleh Glock dan Stark (1996...

  12. UJI POTENSI Gliocladium sp TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI TANAMAN TOMAT

    OpenAIRE

    Lina Herlina

    2013-01-01

    AbstrakMikroorganisme tanah seperti Gliocladium sp dapat bertindak sebagai dekomposer dan juga sebagai agen pengendali hayati patogen tanaman hal ini memberikan harapan untuk mengurangi penggunaan pupuk dan fungisida sintetik. Tujuan penelitian untuk menguji potensi biofertililzer Gliocladium sp terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi buah tomat. Variabel bebas yaitu bioferlizer Gliocladium sp  dengan dosis (g/tanaman) 0,50, 100, 150, dan 200 .Variabel tergantung adalah pertumbuhan dan produksi tan...

  13. Sunnyvale Marine Climate Deep Retrofit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    German, A. [Alliance for Residential Building Innovation (ARBI), Davis, CA (United States); Siddiqui, A. [Alliance for Residential Building Innovation (ARBI), Davis, CA (United States); Dakin, B. [Alliance for Residential Building Innovation (ARBI), Davis, CA (United States)

    2014-11-01

    The Alliance for Residential Building Innovation (ARBI) and Allen Gilliland of One Sky Homes collaborated on a marine climate retrofit project designed to meet both Passive House (PH) and Building America program standards. The scope included sealing, installing wall, roof and floor insulation (previously lacking), replacing windows, upgrading the heating and cooling system, and installing mechanical ventilation.

  14. Sunnyvale Marine Climate Deep Retrofit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    German, A.; Siddiqui, A.; Dakin, B.

    2014-11-01

    The Alliance for Residential Building Innovation (ARBI) and Allen Gilliland of One Sky Homes collaborated on a marine climate retrofit project designed to meet both Passive House (PH) and Building America (BA) program standards. The scope included sealing, installing wall, roof and floor insulation (previously lacking), replacing windows, upgrading the heating and cooling system, and installing.

  15. Speeding Up Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Flemming; Mattsson, Jan

    2016-01-01

    Minimisation of time-to-market strategies can provide companies with a competitive advantage in dynamic and competitive environments. Using parallel innovation processes has been emphasised as one strategy to speed up innovation processes and consequently minimise the time-to-market of innovations...... in parallel innovation processes and in this way sustain speedy innovation processes. A case study of an innovation network is carried out by analysing communication structures and the information contents of emails related to a particular innovation process. The analysis shows how certain characteristics...

  16. Added Value Of Intangibles For Organizational Innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vilma Luoma-aho

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to present the theoretical basis for a measurement and improvement system that will help organizations create a more innovative climate. The role of intangible assets in contributing to organizational innovativeness is clarified within six hypotheses on the basis of a cross-disciplinary literature review combining studies from psychology, human resources management, communication, information technology, and marketing. These factors range from the individual level to interaction with the environment surrounding the organization, and involve (a individual psychological flexibility, (b institutional and interpersonal trust, (c diverse human resources, (d strategic transformational leadership, (e agile information and communication technology systems, and (f coproduction of the brand with customers. The critical factors point out areas for organizational innovation, and we advocate a cross-disciplinary approach to ensure that diverse aspects of organizational life are considered. These hypotheses require testing in order to assist organizations in improving their innovativeness.

  17. ClimatePad: Enabling public exploration of climate data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, J. E.; Chapman, W. L.

    2012-12-01

    Informal learners interested in climate issues can find a wealth of information in the print and online media related to climate and climate change. Throughout these resources, the equal use of generic terms like 'global warming' and 'climate change' suggest a level of nuance in the science that is not easy to convey in this conventional media. Perhaps more than any other discipline, climate literacy has the most potential to be enhanced via the process of cognitive construction and reconstruction, rather than simple transmission of knowledge. Constructionism suggests that meaningful learning happens most effectively if the learner is actively engaged in constructing a product in the real world rather than absorbing information passively. Recent technological innovations have introduced mobile computing devices with sufficient power to do serious data analysis. The potential of these devices to augment climate literacy by turning citizens into scientists has yet to be exploited. We introduce ClimatePad, an iPad application that permits students and public to actively browse climate datasets, construct trends, plot time series, create composite differences and view animations of real-world climate data. Interactions with the ClimatePad permits varying the starting and ending dates of trends and differences. Climate analysis maps and animations can be customized with different color palettes, enticing the user to delve into and absorb the subtleties of the regional and temporal variations of the recent climate record. Finally, user-generated climate visualizations created with ClimatePad can be emailed to friends and shared via Facebook, entraining even more active learners.

  18. Socio-Ecological Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Edgeman, Rick; Eskildsen, Jacob Kjær

    is part of the enterprise cultural fabric, is foundational to enterprise strategy, and contributes to the financial security of the enterprise. Innovation for Sustainability is innovation that is specifically targeted to address ecological and / or societal considerations. That is, Innovation......Socio‐Ecological Innovation or SEI is innovation resulting from strategic integration of sustainable innovation and innovation for sustainability. In particular SEI is regarded as critical to organizations intent on progressing toward Sustainable Enterprise Excellence (SEE) and, indeed, progressing...... toward the asymptotic goal of becoming a continuously relevant and responsible organization (CR2O). Sustainable Innovation is something that is attained only when innovation in an enterprise is regular, systematic, and systemic to the endeavors of the enterprise itself – that is – Sustainable Innovation...

  19. Sistem Komputerisasi Pengolahan Buku Induk Pegawai Pada UPT Dinas Pendidikan Pemuda Dan Olahraga Kecamatan Banjarmangu Berbasis PHP Dan MYSQL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Usada

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Permasalahan yang akan dibahas adalah bagaimana membuat sistem pengolahan buku induk pegawai di UPT Dinas Pendidikan Pemuda dan Olahraga Kecamatan Banjarmangu berbasis PHP dan MySQL. Sistem pengolahan buku induk pegawai  berbasis PHP dan MySQL ini dirancang komputerisasi menggunakan PHP dan database MySQL dengan tujuan agar pengolahan data pegawai di UPT Dinas Pendidikan Pemuda dan Olahraga Kecamatan Banjarmangu dapat terpusat. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah menggunakan metode waterfall. Sistem pengolahan buku induk pegawai ini menggunakan jaringan client server dan dapat diakses oleh administrator dan Kepala UPT dan Pegawai. Kelebihan dari sistem pengolahan ini adalah dilindungi password dan hak akses yang berbeda untuk setiap user sehingga keamanan data dapat terjamin, sedangkan kekurangannya adalah program yang dihasilkan belum maksimal karena mengkhususkan data pegawai pada buku induk saja. Saran dari sistem pengolahan ini yaitu pengembangan dari segi keamanan data, kelengkapan data, dan ketelitian sistem dalam input data untuk mengurangi kesalahan.

  20. HASIL ANALISIS VITAMIN A DAN β-KAROTEN BAHAN MAKANAN SUMBER VITAMIN A DAN KAROTEN DENGAN METODE HPLC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuniar Rosmalina

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan analisis vitamin A DAN β-Karoten terhadap beberapa jenis pangan dengan menggunakan metode HPLC. Analisis dilakukan terhadap 9 jenis serealia dan umbi-umbian, 3 jenis kacang-kacangan, 40 jenis sayuran, 11 jenis daging dan hasilnya, 7 jenis telur dan hasilnya, 8 jenis ikan, 12 jenis buah-buahaan, dan 7 jenis kelompok lain-lain. Hasilnya menunjukkan sumber β-Karoten yang tinggi pada kelompok serealia dan umbi-umbian adalah umbi jalar, pada kelompok sayuran adalah daun katuk, daun pepaya, daun singkong, daun melinjo, daun talas dan daun sintrong, pada kelompok telur adalah telur bebek, pada kelompok buah-buahan adalah mangga golek dan mangga gedong. Sedangkan kelompok kacang-kacangan dan kelompok daging kandungan β-Karotennya rendah. Hati ayam, hati bebek, dan hati kambing merupakan sumber vitamin A yang tinggi, sedangkan pada kelompok ikan didapati ikan lele mempunyai kandungan vitamin A yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan jenis ikan lainnya.

  1. Determinants of Innovation Potential at Universities of the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilař L.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Scientific research in the sphere of education confirms the fact that the key elements of success are innovation and education. Through the influence of continuous changes, it is necessary to define innovation within the scope of the organization culture and education, which have a significant share on the efficient expression of thoughts leading to the overall development of the organization. The article builds on the research of social network, trust, and innovation and validates the relationship between the 'Trust at the workplace' and 'Innovation climate' in the environment of Czech universities. In connection with the research of determinants of Innovation climate, the article further examines the moderating effect of 'Seniority' on the relationship between the factors of 'Trust' and 'Innovation climate'. Primary data was collected using an electronic survey. An exploratory factor analysis was used for the extraction of factors. Based on the extracted factors the moderation effect was calculated. Conjoint effect of the 'Trust at the workplace' and 'Seniority' has greater impact on the level of Innovation climate than the simple sum of separate effects of individual constructs which can be interpreted as a synergistic effect.

  2. JPL Innovation Foundry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherwood, Brent; McCleese, Daniel

    2013-08-01

    Space science missions are increasingly challenged today: in ambition, by increasingly sophisticated hypotheses tested; in development, by the increasing complexity of advanced technologies; in budgeting, by the decline of flagship-class mission opportunities; in management, by expectations for breakthrough science despite a risk-averse programmatic climate; and in planning, by increasing competition for scarce resources. How are the space-science missions of tomorrow being formulated? The paper describes the JPL Innovation Foundry, created in 2011, to respond to this evolving context. The Foundry integrates methods, tools, and experts that span the mission concept lifecycle. Grounded in JPL's heritage of missions, flight instruments, mission proposals, and concept innovation, the Foundry seeks to provide continuity of support and cost-effective, on-call access to the right domain experts at the right time, as science definition teams and Principal Investigators mature mission ideas from "cocktail napkin" to PDR. The Foundry blends JPL capabilities in proposal development and concurrent engineering, including Team X, with new approaches for open-ended concept exploration in earlier, cost-constrained phases, and with ongoing research and technology projects. It applies complexity and cost models, project-formulation lessons learned, and strategy analyses appropriate to each level of concept maturity. The Foundry is organizationally integrated with JPL formulation program offices; staffed by JPL's line organizations for engineering, science, and costing; and overseen by senior Laboratory leaders to assure experienced coordination and review. Incubation of each concept is tailored depending on its maturity and proposal history, and its highest-leverage modeling and analysis needs.

  3. JPL Innovation Foundry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherwood, Brent; McCleese, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    Space science missions are increasingly challenged today: in ambition, by increasingly sophisticated hypotheses tested; in development, by the increasing complexity of advanced technologies; in budgeting, by the decline of flagship-class mission opportunities; in management, by expectations for breakthrough science despite a risk-averse programmatic climate; and in planning, by increasing competition for scarce resources. How are the space-science missions of tomorrow being formulated? The paper describes the JPL Innovation Foundry, created in 2011, to respond to this evolving context. The Foundry integrates methods, tools, and experts that span the mission concept lifecycle. Grounded in JPL's heritage of missions, flight instruments, mission proposals, and concept innovation, the Foundry seeks to provide continuity of support and cost-effective, on-call access to the right domain experts at the right time, as science definition teams and Principal Investigators mature mission ideas from "cocktail napkin" to PDR. The Foundry blends JPL capabilities in proposal development and concurrent engineering, including Team X, with new approaches for open-ended concept exploration in earlier, cost-constrained phases, and with ongoing research and technology projects. It applies complexity and cost models, projectformulation lessons learned, and strategy analyses appropriate to each level of concept maturity. The Foundry is organizationally integrated with JPL formulation program offices; staffed by JPL's line organizations for engineering, science, and costing; and overseen by senior Laboratory leaders to assure experienced coordination and review. Incubation of each concept is tailored depending on its maturity and proposal history, and its highest leverage modeling and analysis needs.

  4. Innovation, what innovation? : a comparison between product, process and organisational innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boer, Harry; During, Willem E.

    2001-01-01

    This article compares and contrasts three types of innovations, namely, product innovation, process innovation and organisational innovation. From similarities and differences between these three types, implications for the theory and practice of innovation management are inferred. Most of these imp

  5. Marketing Innovations in Croatia

    OpenAIRE

    Ljiljana Božić

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the introduction of marketing innovations by companies in Croatia. This study provides an insight into the innovativeness with regard to the introduction of marketing innovations. It explores the presence of marketing innovations in general and the introduction of four types of marketing innovation (significant changes to the aesthetic design or packaging, new media or techniques for product promotion, new methods for product placement or sales channels...

  6. Innovation in Organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Vladimir-Codrin Ionescu; Viorel Cornescu

    2015-01-01

    Innovation is an integrating part of the re-vitalization plan of EU economy and it is one of the seven initiatives comprised in the 2020 Europe Strategy. The European Union supports through active policies the creative-innovative processes, as illustrated by the Cohesion Policy Program for 2007-2013 and by the ”Horizon 2020” Program for Research and Innovation. The present paper presents, from an organizational perspective, relevant aspects related to the question of innovation and innovation...

  7. Environmental innovation management

    OpenAIRE

    Heinonen, Jonna; Tuominen, Kirsti

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the thesis is to research innovation management strategies and green marketing strategies. More Specifically the thesis consentrates to discuss the theories of innovation management with focus on models of innovation, conceptual framework of innovation, linear models of innovation, blue ocean strategy and new product development. As a practical example a case study of Durat was conducted and theories of green marketing including research and theories on green consumer and green...

  8. Systems of innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Bas ter Weel; Soete, L.; Verspagen, B.

    2010-01-01

    We review the literature on national innovation systems. We first focus on the emergence of the concept of innovation systems, reviewing its historical origins and three main flavours (associated to three “founding fathers†of the concept). After this, we discuss how the notion of innovation systems filled a need for providing a broader basis for innovation policy. We conclude with some perspectives on the future of the innovation systems literature.

  9. Systems of Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Soete , L.L.G.; Verspagen, B.; ter Weel, B.J.

    2009-01-01

    We review the literature on national innovation systems. We first focus on the emergence of the concept of innovation systems, reviewing its historical origins and three main flavours (associated to three “founding fathers†of the concept). After this, we discuss how the notion of innovation systems filled a need for providing a broader basis for innovation policy. We conclude with some perspectives on the future of the innovation systems literature.

  10. Crowdsourcing innovation intermediaries functions

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Cândida; Ramos, Isabel

    2012-01-01

    Open innovation is a hot topic in innovation management. Its basic premise is open up the innovation process. The innovation process, in general sense, may be seen as the process of designing, developing and commercializing a novel product or service to improve the value added of a company. The development of Web 2.0 tools facilitates this kind of contributions, opening space to the emergence of crowdsourcing innovation initiatives. Crowdsourcing is a form of outsourcing not directed to other...

  11. Spaces for innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Andersson Schaeffer, Jennie

    2014-01-01

    Workspace design, as an enabling factor in innovation, is an emerging topic for innovation and design research. However, little research has been done on users’ experience on workspaces for innovation in a manufacturing industrial context. The aim of the dissertation is to develop knowledge and understanding of workspaces for innovation from a user perspective. The dissertation is based on studies done in four manufacturing industries and in one design and innovation consultancy, with a focus...

  12. Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Institutions

    OpenAIRE

    E. Stam; Nooteboom, B.

    2011-01-01

    This paper discusses the nature of entrepreneurship and its relation to innovation along a cycle in which exploration and exploration follow upon each other. We place the roles of entrepreneurship in innovation policy within this cycle of innovation. Different types of innovation along the cycle of innovation are realized with different forms of entrepreneurship, which are constrained or enabled by different legal institutions. One of the key roles of governments is to design, change or destr...

  13. INNOVATION IN MARKETING

    OpenAIRE

    Dr. C. Arjunan

    2012-01-01

    INTRODUCTIONIt is possible in marketing, as in any other field, to apply the principles of creativity and the processes of innovation, to find new ways of marketing effectively. This article is going to look at a slightly different issue around innovation: how innovation in the enterprise – innovations in products and services – creates special challenges for the marketing function. In fact, as we‘ll see, true, radical innovation is a traditional marketer‘s nightmare.

  14. TINJAUAN UMUM TENTANG HELPDESK DAN FRAMEWORK TERKAIT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Tarmuji

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Penggunaan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi (TIK di suatu instansi sangat banyak dampaknya, baik positif maupun negatif. Seiring perkembangan teknologi semakin banyak pemanfaatan media TIK ini untuk membantu pelaksanaan suatu pekerjaan bahkan hampir seluruh bidang di suatu instansi. Dalam perjalanan penggunaan TIK sering muncul permasalahan-permasalahan yang jika tidak ditangani akan mengakibatkan adanya kemunduran kinerja dari bagian/seseorang yang menggunakan peralatan TIK untuk menunjang kerja mereka. Suatu instansi yang sudah sedemikian kompleksnya dalam penggunaan peralatan TIK di instansinya maka diperlukan suatu mekanisme dan unit khusus yang menangani penggunaan dan permasalahan dalam hal penggunaan TIK tersebut. Mekanisme dan unit khusus tersebut sering dinamakan tim helpdesk yang tujuan utamanya adalah menangani penyelesaian terhadap permasalahan yang muncul dari penggunaan suatu peralatan TIK tersebut sehingga mampu memperlancar kerja yang terkait. Suatu instansi dalam hal penerapan tim helpdesk memerlukan suatu perencanaan yang matang dan terorganisir. Langkah-langkah yang perlu dilakukan oleh instansi dalam implementasi tim helpdesknya antara lain, (1 membentuk tim khusus untuk menganalisis organisasinya terkait kebutuhan implementasi helpdesk tersebut, (2 membentuk organisasi helpdesk sesuai kebutuhan, (3 memilih workflow helpdesk yang disesuaikan dengan kondisi instansi, (4 memilih framework yang tepat untuk mendasari jalannya implementasi helpdesk di instansi terkait, dan (5 menuangkan aturan-aturan dasar (standard operation procedur-SOP untuk menguatkan kiprah tim helpdesk di instansi terkait.Terbentuknya tim helpdesk diharapkan dapat mengatasi permasalahan dan memberikan layanan terhadap seluruh permasalahan bidang TIK baik yang bersifat internal (pengembang aplikasi maupun seluruh permasalahan operasional aplikasi ataupun hal-hal yang berhubungan dengan sistem dan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi.

  15. PENGARUH PROSES PENGERINGAN DAN IMOBILISASI TERHADAP AKTIVITAS DAN KESTABILAN ENZIM BROMELAIN DARI BUAH NENAS (Ananas comosus (L) Merr)

    OpenAIRE

    ISHAK, MEILTY CHRISTY

    2012-01-01

    Meilty Christy Ishak (G61108260). Pengaruh Proses Pengeringan dan Imobilisasi Terhadap Aktivitas dan Kestabilan Enzim Bromelain dari Buah Nenas (Ananas comosus (L) Merr) (Di Bawah Bimbingan Februadi Bastian dan Amran Laga). RINGKASAN Enzim bromelain merupakan enzim protease dari buah nenas, enzim ini memiliki sifat seperti enzim rennin (renat), papain, dan fisin. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh proses pengeringan enzim terhadap aktivitas enzim, dan untuk men...

  16. Tanggap Pertumbuhan Dan Produksi Tanaman Jagung Manis (Zea mays Saccharata Sturt.) Terhadap Pemberian Pupuk Anorganik Cair Dan Umur Pemangkasan Daun

    OpenAIRE

    Sianipar, Rimna Regina

    2012-01-01

    Tanaman jagung yang masuk ke Indonesia belum dapat dipastikan, tetapi pendapat umum menyatakan bahwa tanaman ini masuk ke Indonesia sekitar 3-4 abad yang lalu oleh orang-orang Portugis dan Spanyol melalui India dan Tiongkok. Pertanaman jagung di Indonesia terutama terdapat di Jawa, Madura dan Sulawesi. Hingga saat ini tanaman jagung merupakan tanaman makanan yang penting di daerah tropis dan subtropis. Luas pertanaman jagung di dunia menempati urutan ke-3 setelah tanaman gandum dan padi ...

  17. PENGARUH SEKAM PADI, KOMPOS DAN PUPUK KANDANG SAPI TERHADAP BEBERAPA SIFAT KIMIA, FISIKA DAN BIOLOGI ENDAPAN LUMPUR SIDOARJO

    OpenAIRE

    santoso, Slamet

    2014-01-01

    Endapan lumpur Sidoarjo terbentuk dari lumpur yang keluar dari bekas pengeboran minyak PT. Lapindo Brantas. Endapan lumpur Sidoarjo mengandung unsur hara, liat yang tinggi dan beberapa populasi mikroba. Sekam padi, kompos dan pupuk kandang sapi diketahui dapat meningkatkan hara, memperbaiki porositas dan menambah keragaman mikroba. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh sekam padi, kompos dan pupuk kandang sapi terhadap beberapa sifat kimia, fisika dan biologi endapan lumpur ...

  18. Climate@Home: Crowdsourcing Climate Change Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, C.; Yang, C.; Li, J.; Sun, M.; Bambacus, M.

    2011-12-01

    Climate change deeply impacts human wellbeing. Significant amounts of resources have been invested in building super-computers that are capable of running advanced climate models, which help scientists understand climate change mechanisms, and predict its trend. Although climate change influences all human beings, the general public is largely excluded from the research. On the other hand, scientists are eagerly seeking communication mediums for effectively enlightening the public on climate change and its consequences. The Climate@Home project is devoted to connect the two ends with an innovative solution: crowdsourcing climate computing to the general public by harvesting volunteered computing resources from the participants. A distributed web-based computing platform will be built to support climate computing, and the general public can 'plug-in' their personal computers to participate in the research. People contribute the spare computing power of their computers to run a computer model, which is used by scientists to predict climate change. Traditionally, only super-computers could handle such a large computing processing load. By orchestrating massive amounts of personal computers to perform atomized data processing tasks, investments on new super-computers, energy consumed by super-computers, and carbon release from super-computers are reduced. Meanwhile, the platform forms a social network of climate researchers and the general public, which may be leveraged to raise climate awareness among the participants. A portal is to be built as the gateway to the climate@home project. Three types of roles and the corresponding functionalities are designed and supported. The end users include the citizen participants, climate scientists, and project managers. Citizen participants connect their computing resources to the platform by downloading and installing a computing engine on their personal computers. Computer climate models are defined at the server side. Climate

  19. Penskalaan Butir Format Respons Pilihan dan Respons Bebas Berdasarkan Model Rasch dan Partial Credit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eko Hariadi

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian melihat pengaruh jumlah parameter butir, kategori respons bebas (RB, pengaruh sampel terhadap akurasi estimasi parameter kemampuan untuk menghasilkan estimasi yang stabil dan pengaruh pembobotan butir RP dan butir RB terhadap kesalahan baku. Penelitian dalam dua tahap, simulasi menggunakan 30 kondisi dengan replikasi 50 dengan variabel panjang tes, jumlah kategori, dan jumlah parameter butir, dan analisis deskriptif, dilanjutkan penerapan penskalaan gabungan butir tipe respons pilihan (rp dan butir respons bebas (rb pada konstruksi tes elektronika yang terdiri 40 butir pilihan ganda dan 4 butir jawaban tersusun, 3 butir memiliki lima kategori jawaban dan 1 butir dengan 4 kategori jawaban, melibatkan 355 siswa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: ukuran sampel kurang berpengaruh pada root mean square error atau (RSME> dan korelasi antara 9 dengan 0, namun berpengaruh terhadap akurasi estimasi parameter butir pilihan ganda (/>/y,dan parameter butir respons tersusun (3^- Jumlah parameter butir berpengaruh terhadap parameter kemampuan, tetapi tidak berpengaruh terhadap akurasi dari b^, dan S„,. Estimasi dari parameter tingkat kesulitan butir jawaban tersusun tiga kategori lebih akurat daripada butir jawaban tersusun lima kategori. Estimasi tahan {robust untuk parameter kesulitan butir jawaban tersusun 5 kategori memerlukan sampel minimal 250 responden, sedangkan untuk butir respons tersusun 3 kategori memerlukan sampel minimal 100 responden. Estimasi parameter kemampuan dari skor total (0^^ tidak sama dengan rata-rata jumlah tbeta dari masing-masing subtes (0^ + 0CR. Theta dari tes yang dikalibrasi bersama-sama berbeda dengan theta dari total subtes yang dikalibrasi secara terpisah. Korelasi kemampuan yang mengunakan pembobotan dan kemampuan tanpa pembobotan mempunyai suatu rentang dari 0,988 sampai 0,948. Kata kunci: penyekaiaan, model rash dan partial credit.

  20. Perbedaan Kadar Malondialdehide dan Tromboksan B2 pada Remaja dengan Dismenore dan Tanpa Dismenore

    OpenAIRE

    Berliana Irianti; Ermawati .; Arni Amir

    2015-01-01

    Abstrak Penyebab dismenore belum semuanya diketahui, ada dugaan peningkatan proses peroksida lipid yang akan mengaktivasi mediator inflamasi pada endometrium yang menimbulkan rasa nyeri haid (dismenore). Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menentukan perbedaan kadar malondialdehide dan tromboksan B 2  pada dismenore dan tanpa dismenore. Studi observasional ini menggunakan desain potong lintang komparatif. Subjek penelitian terdiri dari dua kelompok yaitu 23 remaja dismenore dan 23 remaja tanpa disme...

  1. Développement de la production et des marchés de viande caprine et systèmes d’innovation : Présentation de quelques exemples dans plusieurs régions du monde et enseignements sur les facteurs de réussite de ces initiatives

    OpenAIRE

    Dubeuf, Jean-Paul

    2012-01-01

    Le marché de la viande caprine a été longtemps limité à l’autoconsommation ou aux marchés locaux. Dans de nombreuses régions du monde et face à la demande croissante de viande, ce marché connait actuellement de profondes mutations et la viande caprine connait un véritable engouement. Ces changements ont commencé à modifier les représentations que les institutions et la société avaient de ces activités, longtemps perçues comme marginales. Ils nécessitent par ailleurs des réorganisations au niv...

  2. Livres et lecture dans le monde ottoman

    OpenAIRE

    Anastassiadou, Meropi; Arnaud, Jean-Luc; Balta, Evangelia; Bilici, Faruk; Bounfour, Abdallah; Clayer, Nathalie; Denoix, Sylvie; Depaule, Jean-Charles; Dévényid, Kinga; Establet, Colette; Guichard, Pierre; Henry, Jean-Robert; Heyberger, Bernard; Hitzel, Frédéric; Kenderova, Stoyanka

    2004-01-01

    Au cours de ces dernières années, l'histoire du livre et de la lecture s'est affirmée comme l'un des domaines majeurs de l'histoire culturelle. Dans l'Empire ottoman, cette histoire prend une forme particulière car non seulement l'imprimerie en caractères arabes ne fait officiellement son apparition à Istanbul qu'en 1729, mais encore parce que, dans cet empire, cohabitent dans une civilisation commune, des langues et des religions différentes. Les études ici réunies dressent un premier bilan ...

  3. Être dans la musique

    OpenAIRE

    Legrain, Laurent

    2011-01-01

    “Être dans la musique”… cette expression maintes fois entendue dans le cadre d’interviews ou de discussions informelles menées avec des amateurs de jazz montre toute l’importance de ces moments musicaux particuliers dans les trajectoires des amateurs. Mais comment approcher analytiquement cet état fugace et, à la manière des amateurs, le placer au centre de nos préoccupations ? En dénouant le corset kantien qui enserre l’esthétique, de nombreux auteurs ont esquissé les contours d’une notion, ...

  4. Medical innovation laws: an unnecessary innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richards, Bernadette

    2016-06-01

    Objective This paper aims to demonstrate that any suggestion that there is a need for specific innovation laws is flawed. Innovation is central to good medical practice and is adequately supported by current law. Methods The paper reviews the nature of medical innovation and outlines recent attempts in the UK to introduce specific laws aimed at 'encouraging' and 'supporting' innovation. The current legal framework is outlined and the role of the law in relation to medical innovation explored. Results The analysis demonstrates the cyclic relationship between medical advancement and the law and concludes that there is no requirement for specific innovation laws. Conclusions The law not only supports innovation and development in medical treatment but encourages it as central to a functioning medical system. There is no need to introduce specific laws aimed at medical innovation; to do so represents an unnecessary legal innovation and serves to complicate matters. What is known about the topic? Over recent months, there has been a great deal of discussion surrounding the law in the context of medical innovation. This was driven by the attempts in the UK to introduce specific laws in the Medical Innovation Bill. The general subject matter - negligence and the expected standard of care in the provision of treatment - is very well understood, but not in cases where the treatment can be described as innovative. The general rhetoric in both the UK and Australia around the Medical Innovation Bill demonstrates a lack of understanding of the position of the law with regards to innovative treatment. What does this paper add? This paper adds clarity to the debate. It presents the law and explains the manner in which the law can operate around innovative treatment. The paper asserts that medical innovation is both supported and encouraged by existing legal principles. What are the implications for practitioners? The paper presents an argument that can guide the policy position

  5. EFIKASI DAN KEAMANAN DIHIDROARTEMISININ-PIPERAKUIN PADA PENDERITA PLASMODIUM VIVAX DI KALIMANTAN DAN SULAWESI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armedy Ronny Hasugian

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini merupakan bagian dari penelitian “Monitoring drug resistance in subject with P.falciparum and  P.vivax malaria in Kalimantan and Sulawesi, Indonesia” yang bertujuan untuk menilai efikasi dan keamanan Dihydroartemisinin – Piperaquine (DHP pada penderita malaria vivaks di Kalimantan dan Sulawesi. Disain penelitian adalah potong lintang dengan prospektif evaluasi terhadap 87 subyek penderita P. vivax. Efikasi dan keamanan DHP dinilai berdasarkan kriteria WHO. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa efikasi DHP secara Intention To Treat (ITT pada Hari 28 (H28 setelah pengobatan DHP adalah 94,3% (95%CI: 87,2 – 97,5 dan H42 adalah 92% (95%CI: 87,2 – 97,5. Efikasi DHP secara Per Protokol (PP pada H28 adalah 100% dan H42 adalah 97,6% (95%CI:91,5 – 99,3. Bebas parasit 100% terjadi pada H2. Bebas gametosit 100% terjadi pada H7. Bebas demam 100% terjadi pada H7. Bebas gejala klinis tidak pernah mencapai 100% pasca pengobatan DHP. Kejadian sampingan yang ditemukan adalah berkeringat, tidak nafsu makan dan diare,  tetapi ringan dan dapat ditolerir.  Oleh karena itu dapat disimpulkan efikasi dan keamanan DHP sesuai dengan kriteria WHO dan dapat direkomendasikan untuk penggunaan secara luas.   Kata Kunci: Malaria, Efikasi, dihidroartemisinin, piperaquine, Kalimantan, Sulawesi 

  6. PENGARUH PENYIMPANAN BEKU SANTAN DAN KELAPA PARUT TERHADAP CITA RASA SANTAN DAN MUTU MINYAK YANG DIHASILKAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uken S. Soetrisno

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Santan dan kelapa parut yang disimpan beku selama 1 sampai dengan 4 minggu telah diuji cita rasa santan dan mutu kimiawi dari minyak yang dihasilkannya. Data yang diperoleh menunjukkan bahwa asam lemak bebas dan bilangan peroksida, yang dipakai sebagai petunjuk kerusakan minyak mengalami kenaikan yang cukup tinggi dan sangat bermakna secara statistik setelah penyimpanan satu minggu, meskipun dengan percepatan yang berbeda. Angka-angka tersebut masih di bawah batas yang ditentukan dalam standar Industri Indonesia. Uji cita rasa menunjukkan bahwa lamanya penyimpanan serta bentuk bahan sangat berpengaruh terhadap tingkat kesukaan panelis. Santan yang berasal dari kelapa parut beku masih disukai sampai dengan penyimpanan dua minggu.

  7. AKUISISI DAN BUDAYA KNOWLEDGE SHARING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuril Kusumawardhani Soeprapto Putri

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Large companies which are experiencing barriers in innovation often take a radical step to acquire knowledge, namely acquisition. Though innovation is not the only reason, acquisition will result in the company wishes to achieve competitive advantage affected by the creation of ideas, creativity and innovation. The three points can be achieved more easily when the knowledge sharing within the organization / company runs well. However, the acquisition maybe impacts as a counter-attack for the knowledge sharing culture both in the acquisitor and company which obtains the acquisition. Therefore, a key to succeed the acquisition is a sharing culture among individuals within a company that runs well or even better. Individuals from the acquisitor and those of the company that obtains the acquisition can adapt to each other and have confidence in order not to hinder them to share knowledge. This study discusses in detail the potential impacts of an acquisition upon a knowledge sharing culture in a company.

  8. Public Innovation Policies in Ireland Les politiques publiques en faveur de l’innovation en Irlande

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valérie Peyronel

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available En dépit d’un progrès économique notoire ces dernières années, la République d’Irlande et l’Irlande du Nord sont confrontées à plusieurs difficultés et défis identiques, au nombre desquels un niveau d’innovation relativement faible dans un contexte de concurrence internationale croissante. Des réformes structurelles ont été entreprises au nord comme au sud de la frontière pour s’attaquer au désavantage comparatif dont souffre chacun des deux territoires. Les deux systèmes publics d’innovation sont maintenant plus convergents, mais la coopération transfrontalière, pourtant un sujet politique et économique majeur, demeure modeste dans ce domaine, principalement en raison des priorités nationales et des effets de réseaux.

  9. Innovation groups : Before innovation work is begun

    OpenAIRE

    Johnsson, Mikael

    2013-01-01

    This research project was begun during the financial crisis of 2009 with the objective of increasing the competiveness of SMEs’ (Small and Medium sized Enterprises) by developing their innovation-management capabilities. The research presented in this licentiate thesis (thesis) is a part of the project in which newly-formed innovation groups at two SMEs in Eskilstuna, Sweden have been studied before they began innovation work. Prior research has indicated a need to observe processes within on...

  10. Innovation Types and Talent Management for Innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan A. Marin-Garcia

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Companies need to become innovative and in order to do so, they must learn how to be able to manage the talent of their workforce In this working paper we have reviewed the literature concerning the concept of innovation as a key for the challenge for change in companies to establish a synthesis and a classification of the types of innovation required. We propose a number of competencies needed by the different staff members (support, technicians, managers, etc as well, so that they can succeed in being innovative in different ways.

  11. Innovation and collective entrepreneurship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spear, Roger

    2012-01-01

    different perspectives on innovation and social innovation and the dynamic interaction through collective entrepreneurship in the the social and solidarity economy; bringing out process and outcome dimensions of innovation. And it will develop an understanding of the drivers and barriers to innovation......This paper aims to examine different forms of innovation including social innovation, and why innovation and social innovation have become important themes in public policy – in a context of the increasing and diverse demands on welfare regimes, and in an era of constrained budgets. It will review......, including the role of the institutional and policy framework. It will set this analysis within the context of public policy, demonstrating the role of public policy in enabling such innovations in the social and solidarity economy....

  12. 领导风格与企业战略协同对创新气氛影响的内在机理研究%A Research on Inherent Mechanism of the Synergism of Leadership and Organizational Strategy on Innovation Climate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海涛; 龙立荣

    2015-01-01

    通过对215名企业中高层干部的问卷调查,对领导风格与组织战略的协同和组织创新气氛之间的关系进行了研究,并探讨了企业知识产权保护能力的调节效应,研究结果表明:变革型领导对能动式战略有显著正向影响,变革型领导对反应式战略有显著正向影响,知识产权保护能力正向调节了变革型领导与能动式战略的协同对组织创新气氛之间的关系,即企业的知识产权保护能力越强,变革型领导与能动式战略的协同和组织创新气氛之间的关系就越紧密。%Through a questionnaire of 215 high-level management cardes belong to more than 40 companies, the relationship between the synergism of leadership and organizational strategy and organizational innovation climate was studied, and explores the moderating effect of intellectual property protection ability of enterprise, the re-search results show that transformational leadership had significant positive effects on the prospector strategy,trans-formational leadership had significant positive effects on the defender strategy. The relationship between the syner-gism of the transformational leadership and the prospector strategy and organizational innovation climate is modera-ted by the intellectual property protection ability of enterprise, which means the intellectual property protection ca-pacity of enterprises is stronger, the relationship between the synergism of the transformational leadership and the prospector strategy and the organizational innovation climate is stronger.

  13. Sintesa dan Karakteristik Sifat Mekanik Karet Nanokomposit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pocut Nurul Alam

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Peningkatan sifat mekanik karet alam dengan penambahan tanah liat nanokomposit pada kosentrasi berbeda yaitu 1, 3 dan 5 % berat sudah berhasil diteliti. Pada percobaan ini pengujian dilakukan dengan X-Ray Difraction (X-RD untuk analisa morphologi dan Instron untuk analisa uji tarik. Penambahan tanah liat nanokomposit kedalam matrik polimer adalah untuk meningkatkan sifat mekanik dari material asli dan juga untuk menghasilkan suatu produk polimer yang lebih murah. Hasil yang diperoleh adalah terjadinya peningkatan yang drastis terhadap basal spacing dari matrik polimer dan menunjukkan intercalasi diantara polimer dengan pengisinya. Uji tarik juga menununjukkan peningkatan yang sangat signifikan yaitu 14.983 MPa pada karet alam menjadi 40.178 MPa pada karet alam-tanah liat nanokomposit 5% berat. Kata kunci: karet alam, sifat mekanik, tanah liat nanokomposit

  14. Behind the climate cacophony

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this book, the author aims at deconstructing all the different speeches and statements on climate made as well by pessimistic activists as by 'climate sceptics', or by political marketing. He explains why there is no climate emergency and why it is however a major problem, why it is useless to listen to 'climate sceptics', why technological innovation is necessary but not sufficient, and why the UNO Conference on Climate is also necessary but not sufficient. He notices that this approach is not simple when the prevailing model is social success and unlimited wealth. He recalls the definition of the greenhouse effect, explains the warming process and how mankind accelerated it, discusses the always announced objective of a 2 degree increase, and describes the role and operation of the IPCC and of its groups. He outlines that the issues which must be addressed are energy consumption and social inequalities, notably between North and South, and that, therefore, we must consume less energy and less raw materials

  15. Leaderships impact on innovation : A case study on a small business in software industry

    OpenAIRE

    Saers, Alexander; Sedell, Maria

    2011-01-01

    The ongoing globalization and the ever changing economic climate put pressure on companies’ innovative capability. The purpose of this thesis is to investigate what role leadership has for enhancing innovation in a small software company in the open innovation dimension. This thesis is a qualitative research of the leadership and organizational impact on innovations. We have interviewed the CEO and two employees in a software company specialized in interface programming on industry computer m...

  16. Innovation in Concentrating Solar Power Technologies: A Study Drawing on Patent Data

    OpenAIRE

    Frauke G. Braun; Hooper, Elizabeth; Wand, Robert; Zloczysti, Petra

    2010-01-01

    Better understanding the innovative process of renewable energy technologies is important for tackling climate change. Though concentrating solar power is receiving growing interest, innovation studies so far have explored innovative activity in solar technologies in general, ignoring the major differences between solar photovoltaic and solar thermal technologies. This study relies on patent data to examine international innovative activity in concentrating solar power technologies. Our uniqu...

  17. Purchasing and Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hanghøj, Astrid; Mols, Niels Peter

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we develop a number of hypotheses relating four purchasing capabilities to two measures of purchasings contribution to innovation. The hypotheses are tested with data collected through a websurvey completed by 321 purchasing professionals in Danish production companies. Our results...... show that integrative, relational, innovative,and intelligence capabilities are positively related to innovation. However, relational capabilities are not found to have significant effect on purchasings contribution to supply and practice innovation, i.e. new markets, new suppliers, and new purchasing...... practices. The relationship between intelligence capabilities and purchasings contribution to product and production innovations depends on the level of innovation capabilities....

  18. The DanTIN project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steensig, Jakob; Brøcker, Karen Kiil; Grønkjær, Caroline;

    2013-01-01

    The article introduces a new website, samtalegrammatik.dk ('grammar of talk-in-interaction'), it describes the methods used for constructing the website, and it provides descriptions of three new grammatical phenomena in Danish talk-in-interaction. The website is a result of investigations carried...... out by the research group DanTIN ('Danish talk-in-interaction') since 2009. Until 2013, the group has published analyses of quite diverse phenomena, such as different versions of the word "hvad" 'what' that seem to be-ong to different word classes and have different functions in talk-in- interaction...... grammar of Danish talk-in-interaction. It offers a template for a description of all aspects of the grammar of Danish talk-in-interaction, even though at the time of the launching only a little part of the entries will be filled in. The idea is that the investigations will be continued in many years...

  19. BY PRODUCT TERNAK. Teknologi dan Aplikasinya

    OpenAIRE

    Said, Muhammad Irfan

    2014-01-01

    DAFTAR PUSTAKA Adventini, N., Muhayatun, D. D. Lestiani dan W.Y.N. Syahfitri. 2012. Analisis Mikronutrien dalam Daging, Limpa, dan Hati Sapi. Jurnal Medika. 38 (8), 580???586. Angelidaki, I., and B. K. Ahring. 2000. Methods for increasing the biogas potential from the recalcitrant organic matter contained in manure. Water Science Technology. 41 (3), 189-194. Anonim. 1974. Gelita-Instant-Gelatins Type 800 A Type 800 B. Gelatine-Information-Service. Deutsche Gelatine-Febrike...

  20. Strategi Pembelajaran Biologi Berbasis Kompetensi dan Konservasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saiful Ridlo

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPembelajaran melibatkan interaksi dosen, mahasiswa, dan sumber belajar. Interaksi antara ketiganya membutuhkan strategi pembelajaran. Penelitian ini bertujuan menghasilkan strategi pembelajaran biologi di Jurusan Biologi Unnes yang telah berkomitmen mengaplikasikan kurikulum berbasis kompetensi dan konservasi dengan ciri pendekatan jelajah alam sekitar (JAS. Metodologi penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Informannya dosen dan mahasiswa yang mengajar dan belajar biologi umum, mikrobiologi, dan taksonomi hewan. Data yang diperoleh berupa deskripsi kegiatan belajar mengajar dan lesson study.  Data-data dianalisis kemudian dinarasikan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pembelajaran biologi dengan pendekatan berpusat pada siswa yang dikhususkan pada kegiatan penjelajahan alam sekitar dapat dilakukan menggunakan strategi yang berbasis pada cara belajar siswa aktif dan kooperatif. Strategi-strategi tersebut adalah pembelajaran kontekstual, pembelajaran partisipatif, dan pembelajaran inkuiri. AbstractLearning involves the interaction of lecturer, students, and learning resources. The interaction between them requires a learning strategy. This research aims to generate learning strategies of biology in the Department of Biology Unnes which has committed to apply the competence- and conservation-based curriculum of features the environmental exploration (JAS approach. The research methodology uses a qualitative approach. The informants are the faculty members and the students who, respectively, teach and learn biology, microbiology, and animal taxonomy subjects. The data obtained were in the form of description of learning activities and lesson studies. The data were then analyzed narratively. The results showed that the student-centered learning of environmental exploration may be conducted using active- and cooperative-based strategies. Examples of these strategies are contextual learning, participatory learning, and inquiry learning.

  1. Mobil SUV Tangguh dan Sporty Terbaik

    OpenAIRE

    rozi,ys

    2016-01-01

    Nissan X-Trail yang  mempunyai perfomance yang sangat baik, contohnya : Ada beberapa Tipe transmisi yang mudah dikendarai dan tidak membuat pengendara cepat lelah saat menyetir. Untuk jok Dapat disesuaikan dengan kondisi jalanan di perkotaan, sekaligus dengan sensasi akselerasi yang halus dan nyaman. Pada bagian Transmisi manual 5-percepatan di Nissan March membantu mendapatkan hasil maksimal dari kekuatan mesin. Baca selengkapnya hanya di: http://rozidotnet.blogspot.com/2016/...

  2. Marketers as Innovators: how ethnic marketing revisits ethnicity Marketing ethnique et innovation aux États-Unis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Christine Pauwels

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available L’innovation aux États-Unis est ici vue sous un angle social et culturel. Il ne s’agit plus d’étudier l’innovation technologique, mais l’innovation en matière de produit. L’article aborde la création de valeur à travers la variable ethnique dans le domaine de la vente, du marketing et de la publicité. Les nouvelles tendances en matière d’ethno-marketing sont analysées, en particulier la manière dont les professionnels utilisent la notion d’ethnicité pour vendre des produits de consommation courante à un marché de consommateurs de plus en plus exigeants, soit en ayant recours à une segmentation de ces consommateurs en micro-marchés toujours plus étroits, soit en privilégiant un marketing multi- ou trans-culturel.

  3. Eco-innovation Strategies in the Construction Sector: Impacts on Nanotech Innovation in the Window Chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersen, M. M.; Molin, M.

    In this paper we examine the strategic response of the construction companies to the climate agenda and the emerging nanotechnologies. A case is brought on the Danish window industry. The construction industry has for a long time been considered little innovative and this also goes for the window section. It seems that a combination of an intensified focus on climate issues and the potential of nanotechnology is invoking a new innovation potential and pressure in the window industry. Specifically we identify a strategic shift among the major players towards more systemic innovations that places the window as a part of the wider energy system of the house, a trend that isn’t driven by but could be reinforced by the new nanotech opportunities that so far only play a limited strategic role.

  4. Pembuatan dan Karakteristik Komposit Polimer Berpenguat Bagasse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eqitha Dea Clareyna

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Bagasse memiliki kandungan serat yang cukup besar dan berpotensi digunakan sebagai bahan penguat dalam pembuatan komposit karena sifatnya yang kuat dan ringan. Dalam penelitian tugas akhir ini telah dibuat bahan komposit berpenguat bagasse dengan empat macam ukuran penguat yaitu serat chopped serta partikel berukuran 100 mesh, 140 mesh, dan 200 mesh. Pembuatan komposit menggunakan metode hand lay-up dan fraksi volume penguat divariasi dari 2,5% hingga 15%. Hasil karakterisasi yang telah dilakukan, menunjukkan bahwa kekuatan tarik dan densitas terbaik dimiliki oleh sampel komposit dengan penguat berukuran 200 mesh sebanyak 7,5% volume. Kekuatan tarik sampel tersebut adalah  28,83  MPa dan densitasnya adalah 1,15 gr/cm3. Adapun kekuatan impak terbesar dimiliki oleh sampel komposit dengan 2,5% volume sebesar 0,00271 J/mm2. Dengan demikian sampel komposit yang telah dibuat dapat digunakan sebagai alternatif bahan baku industri menggantikan tiang penyangga (scantlings pada struktur kayu (timber structure sesuai standar AS 1720.1.

  5. GOOD CORPORATE GOVERNANCE DAN PENERAPANNYA DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas S. Kaihatu

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Recent experience indicate that it isn`t sufficient for management just to rely on how efficient is the process of managing. It needs a new instrument, Good Cooperate Governance (GCG, to prove that the management is going well. This concept emphasize on two important things, that is : first, the right of shareholder to be provided of right and just on time information, and second, the obligation of company to disclose accurately, just on time, and transparently all information of company`s performance, shareholders, and stakeholders. Various studies by national and international researchers proved the lack of understanding the importance and strategic implication of applying GCG principles by Indonesian entrepreneur. Besides, organization culture also influencing GCG application in Indonesia. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Perkembangan terbaru membuktikan bahwa manajemen tidak cukup hanya memastikan bahwa proses pengelolaan manajemen berjalan dengan efisien. Diperlukan instrumen baru, Good Corporate Governance (GCG untuk memastikan bahwa manajemen berjalan dengan baik. Ada dua hal yang ditekankan dalam konsep ini, pertama, pentingnya hak pemegang saham untuk memperoleh informasi dengan benar dan tepat pada waktunya dan, kedua, kewajiban perusahaan untuk melakukan pengungkapan (disclosure secara akurat, tepat waktu, dan transparan terhadap semua informasi kinerja perusahaan, kepemilikan, dan stakeholder. Dari berbagai hasil pengkajian yang dilakukan oleh berbagai lembaga riset independen nasional dan internasional, menunjukkan rendahnya pemahaman terhadap arti penting dan strategisnya penerapan prinsip-prinsip GCG oleh pelaku bisnis di Indonesia. Selain itu, budaya organisasi turut mempengaruhi penerapan GCG di Indonesia. Kata kunci: GCG, prinsip-prinsip GCG, budaya organisasi, penerapan di Indonesia.

  6. Al-Farabi dan Filsafat Kenabian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qosim Nursheha Dzulhadi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini mengulas pemikiran al-Farabi tentang konsep kenabian dalam Islam. Masalah berawal dari adanya pemikiran yang menolak konsep kenabian pada umumnya dan kenabian Nabi Muhammad SAW khususnya. Sebagaimana yang dilontarkan oleh Muhammad Ahmad ibn al-Ruwandi. Ia mengatakan bahwa nabi sebenarnya tidak diperlukan manusia karena Tuhan telah mengaruniakan akal kepada manusia tanpa terkecuali. Dengan akal ini, manusia dapat mengetahui Tuhan beserta segala nikmat Nya dan dapat pula mengetahui perbuatan baik dan buruk, menerima suruhan dan larangan-Nya. Dengan demikian, nabi dengan segala fungsinya tidak diperlukan lagi. Bahkan, kitab suci pun tidak berguna untuk dibaca. Lebih berguna membaca buku filsafat Epicurus, Plato, Aristoteles, dan buku astronomi, logika, serta obat-obatan. Hal ini tentunya bertolak belakang dengan yang diajarkan dalam Islam. Beriman kepada nabi nabi merupakan hal inti dalam ajaran agama ini. Atas dasar itu al-Farabi bereaksi keras. Baginya, pandangan Ibn al-Ruwandi di atas tidak dapat dibenarkan, khususnya dari sisi akidah Islam. Sebagai al-Mu‘allim al-Tsani (Guru Kedua, karena prestasinya dalam menjelaskan dan mengulas-ulang filsafat Aristoteles, al-Farabi mengkritik secara sistematik pandangan menyimpang al-Ruwandi di atas.

  7. Cost evaluation of the enslaved to breathing radiotherapy as part of support program to innovative and expensive therapies; Evaluation du cout de la radiotherapie asservie a la respiration dans le cadre d'un programme de soutien aux therapeutiques innovantes et couteuses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Remonnay, R.; Morelle, M.; Carrere, M.O. [Lyon Univ., 69 (France); GATE, CNRS, UMR 5824, 69 - Ecully (France); ENS LSH, 69 - Lyon (France); Centre Leon-Berard, 69 - Lyon (France); Giraud, P. [Hopital Europeen Georges-Pompidou, Faculte Rene-Descartes, Service d' Oncologie Radiotherapie, Paris V, 75 - Paris (France)

    2009-10-15

    This study had for objective to evaluate the consequences of the implementation of the enslaved breathing on the cost of production of radiotherapy, relatively to the conformal radiotherapy without enslaved breathing (witness group) in the bronchopulmonary cancers and the breast cancers. The tariff aspect was studied. The estimation of the complete cost of the treatment enlighten the inadequacy of the pricing for innovation. (N.C.)

  8. Personal Innovativeness, Perceived Organizational Innovativeness, and Computer Anxiety: Updated Scales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonson, Michael

    2000-01-01

    Discusses personal innovativeness, perceived organizational innovativeness, and computer anxiety in relation to distance education. Investigates the reliability of measures used in relevant research studies, including the Innovativeness Scale, Perceived Organizational Innovativeness Scale, and Computer Anxiety Index. (Contains 12 references.) (LRW)

  9. Branching innovation, recombinant innovation, and endogenous technological transitions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Frenken, K.; Izquierdo, L.; Zeppini, P.

    2012-01-01

    We propose a model of technological transitions based on two different types of innovations. Branching innovations refer to technological improvements along a particular path, while recombinant innovations represent fusions of multiple paths. Recombinant innovations create "short-cuts" which reduce

  10. Social Innovation Europe: Country Summary: Poland. Social Innovation in Poland

    OpenAIRE

    Klimczuk, Andrzej

    2015-01-01

    The history of social innovation in country, challenges being addressed by social innovation. the key actors, who is promoting social innovation. A few of the key projects that illustrate social innovation.

  11. Pengaruh Variasi Waktu Ultrasonikasi dan Waktu Tahan Hydrothermal terhadap Struktur dan Konduktivitas Listrik Material Graphene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Junaidi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Graphene merupakan satu lapis atom karbon yang mengalami hibridisasi sp2 membentuk struktur heksagonal 2D. Graphene memiliki potensi besar untuk aplikasi nanoelectronic materials. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis waktu ultrasonikasi dan hidrothermal terbaik untuk mensintesis Graphene. Graphene disintesis dengan metode reduksi Grafit Oksida (GO. Grafit dioksidasi membentuk GO dengan modifikasi metode Hummer. GO diultrasonikasi dengan variasi waktu 60, 90 dan 120 menit. Kemudian proses reduksi GO dilakukan secara kimia dengan penambahan serbuk Zn dan teknik hidrothermal 200 oC dengan variasi waktu tahan 12, 18 dan 24 jam. Analisis morfologi dan struktur graphene dilakukan dengan pengujian SEM dan XRD. Pengujian Iodine Number untuk mengetahui kemampuan graphene menyerap Iodin. Pengujian FTIR untuk mengetahui gugus fungsi yang terbentuk  pada GO dan Graphene. Pengujian Four Point Probe Test (FPP untuk mengukur konduktivitas listrik Graphene. Hasil analsis menunjukkan bahwa graphene hasil ultrasonikasi 120 menit dan Holding 12 jam memiliki struktur Single Layer Graphene (SLG dengan konduktivitas listrik terbaik 0.0105 S/m

  12. Diversity and Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Christian Richter; Timmermans, Bram; Kristinsson, Kári

    2007-01-01

    Denne metoderapport udgør og beskriver den kvantitative analyse, som er grundlaget for kapitel 6 og appendiks 2 i Forsknings- og Innovationsstyrelsens rapport om Innovation og mangfoldighed - Ny viden og erfaringer med medarbejderdreven innovation...

  13. Drivers for Welfare Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wegener, Charlotte

    2015-01-01

    that are not necessarily perceived, performed, and changed in phases. A pragmatic and situated perspective on welfare innovation suggests a conception of welfare innovation which is not translated from firm innovation, but derived directly from welfare contexts.......Innovation has become a key goal towards which teaching and workplace learning needs to be directed. Now perceived as germane and even necessary in almost all kinds of welfare work, the innovation potential in everyday practices and ways of allowing for employer creativity have become a highly...... relevant objects of study. Innovation strategy and research traditionally regards innovation as a set of phases. The purpose of this paper is to enhance ‘phase’ models by adding to them a ‘driver’ model which may provide an appropriate strategy for studying and supporting the innovation potential...

  14. Innovation and STEM Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Julia Link

    2015-01-01

    How do schools with a focus on science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fit in with state goals to increase innovation and to boost the economy? This article briefly discusses how educators can encourage creativity and innovation.

  15. ASPECT REGARDING THE DYNAMICS OF INNOVATION IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan Virgil AMZA

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Innovation, socially and economically, can be as important as technical orscientific innovation, serving the he purpose of changing resourcemanagement. In a market intensively competitive, such as the European one,innovation becomes the main reason of economic competition. The latestdevelopments in the economical research and practice “clearly demonstratethat the management of innovative activities must be regarded as a part ofthe process of organization management. In order to encourage andefficiently control creativity, managers must understand the creative process,choose the right persons to work in the creation field, stimulate creativebehavior and organize a propitious (favorable climate for creation. Themanagement of innovation should prepare the terrain so that the personnelbe capable of seizing and applying innovative occasions. Having thisporpouse, the study wants to present a series of our research resultsregarding the elaboration and implementation of the inovation stategies.

  16. Logistic innovations in transport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirosław Antonowicz

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The article discusses the issue of logistic innovations in transport. The essentials of logistic innovations in transport together with some examples of specific innovations are presented. The role of the client's needs in transport innovations is indicated. The most vital postulates affecting the innovativeness of shipping companies and derived from the author's experience as well as scholarly publications, are time, safety, reliability as well as comprehensiveness of service offer. Following the analysis of the issue, and on the grounds of Kaizen's and Lean's method, the concept of continuous innovations is suggested as very useful for the development of transport. The potential of clusters as the source of logistic innovations in transport is emphasised. Methods: The discussion of the issue was preceded by the author's analysis of written sources on innovativeness, the evaluation of ratings of innovativeness as well as the analysis of rewarded innovative solutions in transport subsequent to the businesses participation in the programme of innovative solutions in transport. The role of innovation practical business operations is argued following the analysis of some strategic documents such as: 2011 White Paper and the Strategy for the Development of Transport by 2020 adopted by the Polish government in 2013. Aim: The aim of the article is to present the role and significance of the issue of logistic innovations in transport and to cite instances of practical solutions implemented by shipping companies, the solutions which resulted in measurable effects. Following the author's observation of the instances of innovative solutions as well as his analysis of the ratings of innovativeness, the article aims to present the conclusions as for the specific kinds of activities which are indispensable to foster innovativeness in transport. Conclusions: The conclusions derived from the author's analyses and observations show that logistic

  17. Climate Informatics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monteleoni, Claire; Schmidt, Gavin A.; Alexander, Francis J.; Niculescu-Mizil, Alexandru; Steinhaeuser, Karsten; Tippett, Michael; Banerjee, Arindam; Blumenthal, M. Benno; Ganguly, Auroop R.; Smerdon, Jason E.; Tedesco, Marco

    2013-01-01

    The impacts of present and potential future climate change will be one of the most important scientific and societal challenges in the 21st century. Given observed changes in temperature, sea ice, and sea level, improving our understanding of the climate system is an international priority. This system is characterized by complex phenomena that are imperfectly observed and even more imperfectly simulated. But with an ever-growing supply of climate data from satellites and environmental sensors, the magnitude of data and climate model output is beginning to overwhelm the relatively simple tools currently used to analyze them. A computational approach will therefore be indispensable for these analysis challenges. This chapter introduces the fledgling research discipline climate informatics: collaborations between climate scientists and machine learning researchers in order to bridge this gap between data and understanding. We hope that the study of climate informatics will accelerate discovery in answering pressing questions in climate science.

  18. Entrepreneurship and innovation policy

    OpenAIRE

    STAM, Erik

    2008-01-01

    What is meant by entrepreneurship, innovation and economic growth is often not clear or very idiosyncratic. This paper starts with a discussion of the nature of entrepreneurship and its relation to innovation. The second section provides an overview of theory and empirical research on the relation between entrepreneurship, innovation and economic growth. The paper continues with a study on entrepreneurship and innovation in the Netherlands in an international and historical perspective. After...

  19. Immigration and innovation

    OpenAIRE

    David C Maré; Fabling, Richard; Stillman, Steven

    2011-01-01

    We combine firm-level innovation data with area-level Census data to examine the relationship between local workforce characteristics, especially the presence of immigrants and local skills, and the likelihood of innovation by firms. We examine a range of innovation outcomes, and test the relationship for selected subgroups of firms. We find a positive relationship between local workforce characteristics and average innovation outcomes in labour market areas, but this is accounted for by vari...

  20. Environment, Organization, and Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Roman, D.

    1980-01-01

    The innovation task group "Management of Innovation" at IIASA includes researchers from market and planned economies and is especially interested in investigating the critical problems facing the management of innovation on the national and firm level within the different stages of the innovation cycle: take-off, rapid growth, maturation, saturation and crisis (H. Maier, 1979; H.-D. Haustein, H. Maier, 1979). We are especially interested in investigating how in the different phases, the risk ...

  1. Rivalry and innovation races

    OpenAIRE

    Kukuk, Martin; Stadler, Manfred

    2002-01-01

    Based on an extended game-theoretic innovation-race model, we derive some Schumpeterian hypotheses of the impact of technological rivalry, market power, technological opportunities and market size on the timing of product and process innovations. Using innovation data at the firm level in the German industrial sector, we estimate various versions of an econometric specification of the model with dichotomous innovation data by using a univariate binary probit model with qualitative regressor v...

  2. Making Collaborative Innovation Accountable

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Eva

    The public sector is increasingly expected to be innovative, but the prize for a more innovative public sector might be that it becomes difficult to hold public authorities to account for their actions. The article explores the tensions between innovative and accountable governance, describes...... the foundation for these tensions in different accountability models, and suggest directions to take in analyzing the accountability of collaborative innovation processes....

  3. Managing Open Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Lajčiak, Joshua

    2012-01-01

    This master's thesis focuses on applying Open Innovation in the professional services sector. The theoretical part aims at introducing the Open Innovation paradigm and its challenges and shortcomings in the services industry. The theoretical part also provides a description of the current state of Open Innovation in the professional services sector. The practical part of the thesis is devoted to analyzing the current innovation practices at a professional services firm and proposing correctiv...

  4. An Overview of Models of Distributed Innovation. Open Innovation, User Innovation, and Social Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    GABISON Garry; PESOLE ANNAROSA

    2014-01-01

    This report discusses models of distributed innovation and how they differ in their nature, effects, and origins. Starting from Open Innovation, the paper analyses its methodological evolution, some of its applications, and the opportunities to apply it in a social context. Open Innovation has gained traction in the last ten years and because of this popularity, Open Innovation has been endowed with numerous meanings. This paper dives into the large literature associated with Open Innovati...

  5. Innovation management in organization

    OpenAIRE

    Wladyslaw Janasz; Krzysztof Janasz

    2012-01-01

    The authors of the article present issues relating to innovation management in organisation. They discuss factors that determine making innovative decisions as well as new strategy, i.e. Europe 2020 that may be an opportunity to redefine Polish innovation policy and a chance for Polish enterprises to develop. The authors emphasize a fundamental role of capital in financing innovative activity conducted by enterprises, and present one of models for the implementation of public and private capi...

  6. Strategy of technical innovation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book deals with policy of scientific technique and technical innovation such as research for development and types of technical innovation, historical development and process of technical innovation, economic growth, technology change and investment for research and development, structure and form of technical transfer with the meaning process, from, structure and theory, economic growth and investment of research and development with experiential analysis and case study on strategy of technical innovation in electron and fine chemical industry.

  7. Innovation: Principles and Strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Ramadani, Veland; Gerguri, Shqipe

    2010-01-01

    Competition between companies differentiates a lot nowadays compared to many years before. They compete in "nicety" that are so small but so important. Companies are trying to achieve competitive advantage in order to help them obtain a better and a stable position in the marketplace. The best way for companies to achieve a competitive advantage is through innovation. This paper addresses the meaning of innovation what does innovation present, types of innovation specifically discussing the r...

  8. Making Collaborative Innovation Accountable

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Eva

    The public sector is increasingly expected to be innovative, but the prize for a more innovative public sector might be that it becomes difficult to hold public authorities to account for their actions. The article explores the tensions between innovative and accountable governance, describes the...... foundation for these tensions in different accountability models, and suggest directions to take in analyzing the accountability of collaborative innovation processes....

  9. Competition and Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Gilbert, Richard J.

    2007-01-01

    The Department of Justice and the Federal Trade Commission have frequently raised innovation concerns as reasons to challenge mergers. This chapter surveys the economic theories of innovation incentives and considers how the theory may inform antitrust analysis for merger investigations and other conduct that involve innovation. Competition can promote innovation by reducing the value of failing to invest in research and development. However, with non-exclusive intellectual property rights...

  10. Innovating for sustainability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The theme of the articles is innovating for sustainability. Empirically the articles shows how enterprises makes environmental innovations related to their processes and products within the organic dairy industry, the fish processing industry and the car industry.......The theme of the articles is innovating for sustainability. Empirically the articles shows how enterprises makes environmental innovations related to their processes and products within the organic dairy industry, the fish processing industry and the car industry....

  11. 16 tales of innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    16 Tales of Innovation are told by 16 leaders, who have completed the LAICS executive master program, a collaboration between Aarhus University and Copenhagen Business School. The book is based on their Master theses and illustrates how they have experimented with different innovation tools, mode...... and innovation theories within their own organization. Here they share their unique insights into the processes, methods and the impact of their academic work with innovation in practice....

  12. EMPLOYEE-DRIVEN INNOVATION

    OpenAIRE

    OBOMA, ANTHONY

    2012-01-01

    Abstract It is known that most companies rely on Research and Development department for developing innovation. Recent research suggests that this approach is inefficient because it under utilizes other employees` knowledge. This study was conducted to find how management can enhance innovation performance by involving non-managerial employees into innovation process. Innovation in service firms is an important topic, not only for entrepreneurs, but also for policy makers. Despite thei...

  13. The Role of Innovation Intermediaries in Innovation Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Nilsson, Magnus; Sia-Ljungström, Clarissa

    2013-01-01

    The paper investigates the role of innovation intermediaries in sector-specific regional innovation systems. Innovation is viewed as a non-linear, iterative process and open process involving multiple actors from different parts of the innovation system. The paper studies in particular innovation intermediaries that provide support to firms in the regional innovation system through the fulfillment of key innovation system functions. The implication of the fulfillment of innovation system func...

  14. HASIL ANALISIS VITAMIN A DAN β-KAROTEN BAHAN MAKANAN SUMBER VITAMIN A DAN KAROTEN DENGAN METODE HPLC

    OpenAIRE

    Yuniar Rosmalina; Dewi Permaesih

    2012-01-01

    Telah dilakukan analisis vitamin A DAN β-Karoten terhadap beberapa jenis pangan dengan menggunakan metode HPLC. Analisis dilakukan terhadap 9 jenis serealia dan umbi-umbian, 3 jenis kacang-kacangan, 40 jenis sayuran, 11 jenis daging dan hasilnya, 7 jenis telur dan hasilnya, 8 jenis ikan, 12 jenis buah-buahaan, dan 7 jenis kelompok lain-lain. Hasilnya menunjukkan sumber β-Karoten yang tinggi pada kelompok serealia dan umbi-umbian adalah umbi jalar, pada kelompok sayuran adalah daun katuk, daun...

  15. Organizing Systemic Innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F.P.H. Jaspers (Ferdinand)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractSystemic innovation refers to product development activities that involve the change of multiple interdependent components. Unlike autonomous innovation, which refers to components that change independently, systemic innovation is for many firms the norm rather than the exception. This i

  16. Institutionel innovation i professionsfeltet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frydendahl, Vivi; Bretlau, Lars

    2007-01-01

    foundation of the concept of innovation, given the sparseness of academic writing on it, which does not seem to stop widespread application of the concept. As a consequence, the analysis of this dissertation proposes its own bid for a definition of innovation. Innovation means institutional shifts...

  17. Innovation, Trade, and Growth

    OpenAIRE

    Jonathan Eaton; Samuel Kortum

    2004-01-01

    We consider the interaction of trade and technology diffusion in a two-region model of innovation and imitation. We find that globalization, either in the form of lower trade barriers or in faster diffusion of technology between innovator and imitator spurs innovation, benefiting both regions.

  18. Technical innovation and management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book gives explanations of the conception of technical innovation, development plan in Korea, connection between technology and a growth factor in national income, problem of technical innovation in developing country, analysis on cooperation between a developed country and a developing country, evaluation and strategy of technical development in Korea, technical innovation of industry, management of technical industry, analysis of special condition in Korea.

  19. Business Model Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    FOSS, NICOLAI; Stieglitz, Nils

    2014-01-01

    We draw on the complementarity literature in economics and management research to dimensionalize business models innovations. Specifically, such innovation can be dimensionalized in terms of the depth and the breadth of the changes to the company’s business model that they imply. In turn, different business model innovations are associated with different management challenges and require different leadership interventions to become successful.

  20. Innovative strategies of bank

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.A Peresadko

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the specifics of banking innovations, the global trends of innovative strategies in the banking sector was described, analyzed the necessary methodology for their implementation, proposed plan of innovative activities and its possible application in Ukraine.