WorldWideScience

Sample records for clementine auto exposure

  1. Clementine auto exposure control software

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arnold, E. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1994-11-15

    The primary mission of the Clementine program was to test technology developed under the auspices of BMDO (the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization). A secondary goal of the program was to provide astronomical data to the scientific and educational community. The mission plan developed to accomplish these goals included complete mapping of the lunar surface and a close fly-by of a near-Earth asteroid, 1620 Geographos. Exposure control for the Clementine mission was driven by mission phase requirements and sensor characteristics. Thus, there were a total of twelve algorithms developed for three primary mission phases and the four imaging sensors (two additional sensors operated as star trackers). The three mission phases in question were lunar mapping, distant observation of the asteroid for the purpose of tracking, and close-up viewing (as close as 100 Km) of Geographos. The four non-star tracker sensors consisted of an Ultra Violet/Visible (UV/Vis) camera, a High Resolution (HiRes) camera with a built-in LIDAR (Light Detection And Ranging) unit, a Near Infrared (NIR) camera, and a Long Wave InfraRed (LWIR) camera. Due to lack of test time and uncertainties about the imaging environment, numerous input parameters were provided in the algorithms to allow extensive tuning of the exposure control during the mission.

  2. Noise exposure levels in stock car auto racing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rose, Austin S; Ebert, Charles S; Prazma, Jiri; Pillsbury, Harold C

    2008-12-01

    Noise-induced hearing loss associated with the workplace has been well described. Far less is known, however, about the risks to hearing from recreational sources of noise. We investigated the popular sport of stock car racing as a potentially significant source of noise exposure, and we conducted a sound-level survey at a National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) event. Noise levels measured during the race ranged from 96.5 to 104 dB(A) at 46 meters ( approximately 150 feet) from the track and 99 to 109 dB(A) at 6 meters ( approximately 20 feet) from the track. The peak sound pressure level at 6 meters was 109 dB(A). Although significantly less than that associated with an immediate permanent threshold shift, such an exposure could cause a temporary threshold shift. Alhough hearing protection is recommended, particularly for track employees with longer periods of exposure, racing fans with only occasional exposure to such noise levels are unlikely to develop a permanent noise-induced hearing loss. PMID:19105144

  3. AUTO

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammelgaard Nielsen, Anders; Aagaard, Tine; Diaz, pauline;

    2011-01-01

    AUTO is the first assignment that the students of Architecture are introduced to at the Aarhus school of Architecture. The aim is to give students an understanding of design through a generic working method. This by disassembling a car engine and staging its components through a series of castings...

  4. Clementine sensor suite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ledebuhr, A.G. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1994-11-15

    LLNL designed and built the suite of six miniaturized light-weight space-qualified sensors utilized in the Clementine mission. A major goal of the Clementine program was to demonstrate technologies originally developed for Ballistic Missile Defense Organization Programs. These sensors were modified to gather data from the moon. This overview presents each of these sensors and some preliminary on-orbit performance estimates. The basic subsystems of these sensors include optical baffles to reject off-axis stray light, light-weight ruggedized optical systems, filter wheel assemblies, radiation tolerant focal plane arrays, radiation hardened control and readout electronics and low mass and power mechanical cryogenic coolers for the infrared sensors. Descriptions of each sensor type are given along with design specifications, photographs and on-orbit data collected.

  5. The Clementine mechanisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purdy, William; Hurley, Michael

    1995-05-01

    The Clementine spacecraft was developed under the 'faster, better, cheaper' theme. The constraints of a low budget coupled with an unusually tight schedule forced many departures from the normal spacecraft development methods. This paper discusses technical lessons learned about several of the mechanisms on the Clementine spacecraft as well as managerial lessons learned for the entire mechanisms subsystem. A quick overview of the Clementine mission is included; the mission schedule and environment during the mechanisms releases and deployment are highlighted. This paper then describes the entire mechanisms subsystem. The design and test approach and key philosophies for a fast-track program are discussed during the description of the mechanisms subsystem. The mechanism subsystem included a marman clamp separation system, a separation nut separation system, a solar panel deployment and pointing system, a high gain antenna feed deployment system, and two separate sensor cover systems. Each mechanism is briefly discussed. Additional technical discussion is given on the marman clamp design, the sensor cover designs, and the design and testing practices for systems driven by heated actuators (specifically paraffin actuators and frangibolts). All of the other mechanisms were of conventional designs and will receive less emphasis. Lessons learned are discussed throughout the paper as they applied to the systems being discussed. Since there is information on many different systems, this paper is organized so that information on a particular topic can be quickly referenced.

  6. Long-term exposure to auto exhaust and other pollutant mixtures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lewis, T.E.; Moorman, W.J.; Yang, Y.; Stara, J.F.

    1974-08-01

    Research report:beagles were exposed 16 hr daily for 61 months to raw and photochemically reacted auto exhaust, nitrogen oxides, and sulfur, alone and in combination. exposure to nitrogen oxides reduced diffusion capacity and peak expiratory flow. raw exhaust and raw exhaust plus sulfur oxides produced pulmonary hyperinflation. irradiated auto exhaust also impaired ventilatory distribution. lung volumes, compliances, and maximal breathing capacity were not impaired by the experimental atmospheres. such chronic pulmonary changes resulting from long-term, low-level exposure to ubiquitous urban air pollutants denote potential, serious health hazards. (l diagram, 16 references, 3 tables)

  7. Management of auto exposure control during pediatric computed tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Automatic exposure control (AEC) is particularly well-suited for pediatric CT scanning. However the importance of the localizer scan portion of exams that relies on AEC is frequently underestimated. This paper explains in detail several crucial aspects of the localizer and their effect on the subsequent cross-sectional (axial or helical) image acquisition. The paper also covers general suggestions regarding AEC influence on the cross-sectional images. AEC systems on CT scanners are becoming more complex; using them effectively in the setting of pediatric CT requires careful selection of scan parameters. (orig.)

  8. Management of auto exposure control during pediatric computed tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cody, Dianna D. [University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Department of Imaging Physics, Houston, TX (United States)

    2014-10-15

    Automatic exposure control (AEC) is particularly well-suited for pediatric CT scanning. However the importance of the localizer scan portion of exams that relies on AEC is frequently underestimated. This paper explains in detail several crucial aspects of the localizer and their effect on the subsequent cross-sectional (axial or helical) image acquisition. The paper also covers general suggestions regarding AEC influence on the cross-sectional images. AEC systems on CT scanners are becoming more complex; using them effectively in the setting of pediatric CT requires careful selection of scan parameters. (orig.)

  9. Estimates of Average Glandular Dose with Auto-modes of X-ray Exposures in Digital Breast Tomosynthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izdihar Kamal

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The aim of this research was to examine the average glandular dose (AGD of radiation among different breast compositions of glandular and adipose tissue with auto-modes of exposure factor selection in digital breast tomosynthesis. Methods: This experimental study was carried out in the National Cancer Society, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, between February 2012 and February 2013 using a tomosynthesis digital mammography X-ray machine. The entrance surface air kerma and the half-value layer were determined using a 100H thermoluminescent dosimeter on 50% glandular and 50% adipose tissue (50/50 and 20% glandular and 80% adipose tissue (20/80 commercially available breast phantoms (Computerized Imaging Reference Systems, Inc., Norfolk, Virginia, USA with auto-time, auto-filter and auto-kilovolt modes. Results: The lowest AGD for the 20/80 phantom with auto-time was 2.28 milliGray (mGy for two dimension (2D and 2.48 mGy for three dimensional (3D images. The lowest AGD for the 50/50 phantom with auto-time was 0.97 mGy for 2D and 1.0 mGy for 3D. Conclusion: The AGD values for both phantoms were lower against a high kilovolt peak and the use of auto-filter mode was more practical for quick acquisition while limiting the probability of operator error.

  10. Personnel exposure control system with auto thermoluminescence dosimeter in Shimane Nuclear Power Station

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the past, film badges and pocket dosimeters were put on the persons who enter a controlled area in a nuclear power station to measure the external radiation exposure. For these, read out error or mistake, delay in taking out the result, trouble for monitoring many persons, etc. were problems. To solve these problems, the auto thermoluminescence dosimeter (ATLD) system has been introduced in Shimane Nuclear Power Station in place of pocket dosimeters since the second half of fiscal 1978. The outline of the system and the composition and software of the TLD automatic readout system are described. For the control of access to controlled areas, workers are forced to pass the check point where watchmen check everyone's ID card, and subjected to the check-up with the TLD automatic readout device. The checking items in the case of entering the areas are: (1) confirmation of licensee, (2) confirmation of the term of validity for the medical examination on ionizing radiation, (3) checking for exposure dose compared to the controlled exposure level, (4) confirmation of time limit to stay in controlled areas, and (5) TLD element annealing condition. The checking items in the case of leaving the areas are: (1) checking for identifying the TLD element that the personnel has brought in, (2) exposure dose compared to the controlled exposure level, (3) time for which the personnel stayed in controlled areas. (Wakatsuki, Y.)

  11. Comparative genetic mapping between clementine, pummelo and sweet orange and the interspecicic structure of the Clementine genome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comparative genetic mapping between clementine, pummelo and sweet orange and the interspecicic structure of the Clementine genome The availability of a saturated genetic map of Clementine was identified by the International Citrus Genome Consortium as an essential prerequisite to assist the assembly...

  12. Reducing methods of patients exposed dose using auto exposure control system in digital radiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study was carried out to reduce patient dose through focus-detector distance, kilovoltage, and a combination of copper filters. In the C, L-spine lateral, Skull AP views were obtained by making changes of 60-100 kV in tube voltage and of 100-200 cm in focus-detector distance and by adding a copper filter when using an auto exposure control device in the digital radiography equipment. The incident dose showed 90 kV, 0.3 mmCu in C-spine lateral with 0.06 mGy under the condition of 200 cm; 100 kV, 0.3 mmCu with 0.40 mGy under the condition of 200 cm and 90 kV 0.3 mmCu in Skull AP with the lowest value of 0.24 mGy under the condition of 140 cm. It was observed that entrance surface dose decreased the most when was increased by 150 cm, 70 kV (C-spine lateral), 81 kV (L-spine lateral). It was also found out that as the between the focus-detector increased in the expansion of the video decreased but the difference was not significant when the distance was 180 cm or more. Skull AP showed the most reduction in the entrance surface dose when the tube voltage was changed by 80 kV, 0.1 mmCu, and 120 cm. Therefore, when using the automatic exposure control device, it is recommended to use the highest tube voltage if possible and to increase focus-detector distance at least by 150-200 cm in wall and 120-140 cm in table in consideration of the radiotechnologist's physical conditions, and to combine 0.1-0.3 mmCu and higher filters. It is thus expected to reduce patient dose by avoiding distortion of images and reducing the entrance surface dose

  13. Lessons Learned from Clementine On the Way to Pluto

    OpenAIRE

    Carraway, J.; Henry, P.; Herman, M.; Kissel, G.; Price, H.; Staehle, R.; Underwood, M.

    1994-01-01

    Clementine has demonstrated a variety of hardware, system design, and operations innovations. The Pluto design team is currently evaluating the applicability of many Clementine approaches for the Pluto Flyby mission, including: 1) A focused science instrument payload exploiting low mass, low power instruments. 2) Using Clementine star cameras. 3) A similar flight computer architecture exploiting separate, dedicated spacecraft and instrument computers. 4) Using the same high order uplink progr...

  14. Taxonomy Icon Data: Clementine [Taxonomy Icon

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Clementine Citrus clementina Citrus_clementina_L.png Citrus_clementina_NL.png Citrus_clem...entina_S.png Citrus_clementina_NS.png http://biosciencedbc.jp/taxonomy_icon/icon.cgi?i=Citrus+clementi...na&t=L http://biosciencedbc.jp/taxonomy_icon/icon.cgi?i=Citrus+clementina&t=NL http://biosciencedbc.jp/taxon...omy_icon/icon.cgi?i=Citrus+clementina&t=S http://biosciencedbc.jp/taxonomy_icon/icon.cgi?i=Citrus+clementina&t=NS ...

  15. The Clementine mission – A 10-year perspective

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Trevor C Sorensen; Paul D Spudis

    2005-12-01

    Clementine was a technology demonstration mission jointly sponsored by the Department of Defense (DOD)and NASA that was launched on January 25th, 1994. Its principal objective was to use the Moon, a near-Earth asteroid, and the spacecraft’s Interstage Adapter as targets to demonstrate lightweight sensor performance and several innovative spacecraft systems and technologies. The design, development, and operation of the Clementine spacecraft and ground system was per-formed by the Naval Research Laboratory. For over two months Clementine mapped the Moon, producing the first multispectral global digital map of the Moon, the first global topographic map, and contributing several other important scientific discoveries, including the possibility of ice at the lunar South Pole. New experiments or schedule modifications were made with minimal constraints, maximizing science return, thus creating a new paradigm for mission operations. Clementine was the first mission known to conduct an in-flight autonomous operations experiment. After leaving the Moon, Clementine suffered an onboard failure that caused cancellation of the asteroid rendezvous. Despite this setback, NASA and the DOD applied the lessons learned from the Clementine mission to later missions. Clementine set the standard against which new small spacecraft missions are commonly measured. More than any other mission, Clementine has the most in fluence (scientifically, technically, and operationally) on the lunar missions being planned for the next decade.

  16. Stellar compass for the Clementine Mission

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wilson, B. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1994-11-15

    A CCD sensor with 42 x 28 degrees FOV and 576 x 384 pixels was built by the Advanced Technology Program (ATP) in the Physics Department at LLNL. That sensor, called the StarTracker camera, is used on the Clementine Lunar Mapping mission between January and May, 1994. Together with the Stellar Compass software, the StarTracker camera provided a way of identifying its orientation to within about 150 microradians in camera body pitch and yaw. This presentation will be an overview of basically how the Stellar Compass software works, along with showing some of its performance results.

  17. Long-term exposure to auto exhaust and other pollutant mixtures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lewis, T.R.; Moorman, W.J.; Yang, Y.; Stara, J.F.

    1974-01-01

    This is an extension of a preliminary study with beagles exposed to combinations of irradiated and nonirradiated auto exhaust, SO/sub x/ and NO/sub x/. There were no effects after 36 months. After 61 months, 1.21 mg/m/sup 3/ NO/sub 2/ plus 0.31 mg/m/sup 3/ NO reduced pulmonary diffusing capacity but not perfusion and ventilation suggesting alteration of the alveolar capillary membrane. There was no change in tidal flow expiratory resistance although this is less sensitive than peak flow. Raw exhaust plus SO/sub x/ increased the ratio of residual volume to total lung capacity indicating relative hyperinflation not associated with obstructive defects. Exhaust increased pulmonary capillary blood volume suggesting compensation for CO-induced hypoxia. Irradiated exhaust, alone or with SO/sub x/, increased expiratory resistance. Irradiated exhaust impaired ventilatory distribution. Lung volume, compliance, and maximum breathing capacity were not changed by any treatment.

  18. Exposure of Petrol Station Attendants and Auto Mechanics to Premium Motor Sprit Fumes in Calabar, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. E. Udonwa

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A population-based-cross-sectional survey was carried out to investigate the potential risk of exposure to premium motor spirit (PMS fumes in Calabar, Nigeria, among Automobile Mechanics (AM, Petrol Station Attendants (PSA and the general population. Structured questionnaire was administered on the randomly chosen subjects to elicit information on their exposure to PMS. Duration of exposure was taken as the length of work in their various occupations. Venous blood was taken for methaemoglobin (MetHb and packed cells volume (PCV. Mean MetHb value was higher in AM (7.3% and PSA (5.8% than in the subjects from the general population (2.7%. PCV was lower in PSA (30.8%, than AM (33.3% and the subjects from the general population (40.8%. MetHb level was directly proportional, and PCV inversely related, to the duration of exposure. The study suggested increased exposure to petrol fumes among AM, PSA, and MetHb as a useful biomarker in determining the level of exposure to benzene in petrol vapour.

  19. Exposure of Petrol Station Attendants and Auto Mechanics to Premium Motor Sprit Fumes in Calabar, Nigeria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A population-based-cross-sectional survey was carried out to investigate the potential risk of exposure to premium motor spirit (PMS) fumes in Calabar, Nigeria, among Automobile Mechanics (AM), Petrol Station Attendants (PSA) and the general population. Structured questionnaire was administered on the randomly chosen subjects to elicit information on their exposure to PMS. Duration of exposure was taken as the length of work in their various occupations. Venous blood was taken for methaemoglobin (Met Hb) and packed cells volume (PCV). Mean Met Hb value was higher in AM (7.3%) and PSA (5.8%) than in the subjects from the general population (2.7%). PCV was lower in PSA (30.8%), than AM (33.3%) and the subjects from the general population (40.8%). Met Hb level was directly proportional, and PCV inversely related, to the duration of exposure. The study suggested increased exposure to petrol fumes among AM, PSA, and Met Hb as a useful bio marker in determining the level of exposure to benzene in petrol vapour.

  20. Exposure of Petrol Station Attendants and Auto Mechanics to Premium Motor Sprit Fumes in Calabar, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Udonwa, N. E.; Uko, E. K.; Ikpeme, B. M.; Ibanga, I. A.; Okon, B. O.

    2009-01-01

    A population-based-cross-sectional survey was carried out to investigate the potential risk of exposure to premium motor spirit (PMS) fumes in Calabar, Nigeria, among Automobile Mechanics (AM), Petrol Station Attendants (PSA) and the general population. Structured questionnaire was administered on the randomly chosen subjects to elicit information on their exposure to PMS. Duration of exposure was taken as the length of work in their various occupations. Venous blood was taken for methaemoglobin (MetHb) and packed cells volume (PCV). Mean MetHb value was higher in AM (7.3%) and PSA (5.8%) than in the subjects from the general population (2.7%). PCV was lower in PSA (30.8%), than AM (33.3%) and the subjects from the general population (40.8%). MetHb level was directly proportional, and PCV inversely related, to the duration of exposure. The study suggested increased exposure to petrol fumes among AM, PSA, and MetHb as a useful biomarker in determining the level of exposure to benzene in petrol vapour. PMID:19936128

  1. Critical ischemia of the fingers in an auto mechanic as a result of occupational exposure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maciej Rabczyński

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Hypothenar hammer syndrome is a rare cause of ischemic fingers observed mainly in young men smoking cigarettes and it is associated with repeated trauma of the ulnar artery in the area of the hypothenar eminence of the dominant-hand arm, resulting in a deficit of blood supply with the occurrence of hand symptoms typical for chronic and sometimes critical ischemia. Artery injury in this location is most often the result of multiple repetitions of the same activity being mostly the result of occupational exposure. We present a case of a 27-year-old car mechanic admitted to the hospital with symptoms of critical ischemia of the fingers III, IV, and V of the right hand, which resolved after conservative treatment.

  2. Auto Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 5 Things to Know About Zika & Pregnancy Auto Safety KidsHealth > For Parents > Auto Safety Print A A ... by teaching some basic rules. Importance of Child Safety Seats Using a child safety seat (car seat) ...

  3. 7 CFR 319.56-34 - Clementines from Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... agreement with the Government of Spain whereby the producer agrees to participate in and follow the... in any stage of development during an inspection, the entire consignment of clementines will be rejected. If a live Mediterranean fruit fly in any stage of development is found in any two lots of...

  4. Auto Alternatives

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    China counts on developing new-energy vehicles to maintain its auto-market leadership While it remains to be seen what kind of progress will be made following the UN Climate Conference in Cancun, Mexico,

  5. Effect of X-ray irradiation on fruit quality of clementine mandarin cv. 'Clemenules'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effects of a potential quarantine treatment consisting of exposure to X-ray irradiation against the Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae) on 'Clemenules' mandarin quality are presented and compared with those from the standard cold temperature quarantine treatment. X-ray irradiation doses of 0.195 and 0.395 kGy had no detrimental effects on fruit quality (rind color, firmness, juice yield, maturity index, internal volatiles, deterioration index and sensory evaluation). These results therefore indicate that X-ray irradiation is a harmless and highly effective quarantine technique for clementine mandarin and this technique could be as useful as the current cold treatment for 'Clemenules' mandarins

  6. DNA gel electrophoretic and micro-auto-radiographic studies on apoptosis in bone tumor cells after exposure with 153Sm-EDTMP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The apoptosis in bone tumor cells is studied after 153Sm-EDTMP irradiation. Fragmented DNA is analyzed by agarose gel electrophoresis. Experimental observations show that 153-EDTMP exposure induces the inter-nucleo-somal DNA damage in bone tumor cells. The DNA ladder pattern formation in bone tumor cells is shown. At the same time, the micro-auto-radiographic study indicate that 153Se-EDTMP could permeate through cell membrane and displays membrane-seeking condensation in bone tumor cells. Soon afterwards 153Sm-EDTMP could be phagocytized by the tumor cells and distributed in cytoplasm as well as nucleus in the form of phagosome. With the prolongation of observing time, the membrane-bounded apoptotic bodies are observed

  7. Grand Theft Auto IV comes to Singapore: effects of repeated exposure to violent video games on aggression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teng, Scott Kie Zin; Chong, Gabriel Yew Mun; Siew, Amy Sok Cheng; Skoric, Marko M

    2011-10-01

    Given the increasingly dominant role of video games in the mainstream entertainment industry, it is no surprise that the scholarly debate about their impact has been lively and well attended. Although >100 studies have been conducted to examine the impact of violent video games on aggression, no clear consensus has been reached, particularly in terms of their long-term impact on violent behavior and aggressive cognitions. This study employs a first-ever longitudinal laboratory-based experiment to examine longer-term effects of playing a violent video game. One hundred thirty-five participants were assigned either to the treatment condition where they played a violent video game in a controlled laboratory setting for a total of 12 hours or to the control group where they did not play a game. Participants in the treatment group played Grand Theft Auto IV over a period of 3 weeks and were compared with a control group on the posttest measures of trait aggression, attitudes toward violence, and empathy. The findings do not support the assertion that playing a violent video game for a period of 3 weeks increases aggression or reduces empathy, but they suggest a small increase in proviolence attitudes. The implications of the findings are discussed. PMID:21381967

  8. Comprehensive Auto CAD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book starts introduction of conception, application system, software for CAD, function of Auto CAD, kinds and function of Auto CAD files. It deals with starting of Auto CAD, dialogue box and Auto CAD interface, utility command, 2D drawing command, check command, control system, dimension, hatching command, layer command, block, 3D drawing, plotting and printing, auto CAD and application of data, supply program of auto CAD, AME and region modeler, EDLIN, script optimization of Auto CAD and composition on demand.

  9. Radiation effects in space: The Clementine I mission

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The space radiation environment for the CLEMENTINE I mission was investigated using a new calculational model, CHIME, which includes the effects of galactic cosmic rays (GCR), anomalous component (AC) species and solar energetic particle (SEP) events and their variations as a function of time. Unlike most previous radiation environment models, CHIME is based upon physical theory and is open-quotes calibratedclose quotes with energetic particle measurements made over the last two decades. Thus, CHIME provides an advance in the accuracy of estimating the interplanetary radiation environment. Using this model we have calculated particle energy spectra, fluences and linear energy transfer (LET) spectra for all three major components of the CLEMENTINE I mission during 1994: (1) the spacecraft in lunar orbit, (2) the spacecraft during asteroid flyby, and (3) the interstate adapter USA in Earth orbit. Our investigations indicate that during 1994 the level of solar modulation, which dominates the variation in the GCR and AC flux as a function of time, will be decreasing toward solar minimum levels. Consequently the GCR and AC flux will be increasing during Y, the year and, potentially, will rise to levels seen during previous solar minimums. The estimated radiation environment also indicates that the AC will dominate the energetic particle spectra for energies below 30-50 MeV/nucleon, while the GCR have a peak flux at ∼300 MeV/nucleon and maintain a relatively high flux level up to >1000 MeV/nucleon. The AC significantly enhances the integrated flux for LET in the range 1 to 10 MeV/(mg/cm2), but due to the steep energy spectra of the AC a relatively small amount of material (∼50 mils of Al) can effectively shield against this component. The GCR are seen to be highly penetrating and require massive amounts of shielding before there is any appreciable decrease in the LET flux

  10. Lunar South Pole Topography Derived from Clementine Imagery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosiek, M. R.; Kirk, R.; Howington-Kraus, A.

    1999-01-01

    During the Clementine Mission both oblique and vertical multispectral images were collected. The oblique and vertical images from a single spectral band collected during the same orbit form a stereo pair that can be used to derive the topography. These stereo pairs are being used to derive the topography of an area (90 deg S to 650S latitude) surrounding the lunar south pole. Work on the lunar north pole topography will start after completion of the south pole topography. This report provides an update on the initial results for the lunar south pole topography. In 1994, the Clementine spacecraft acquired digital images of the Moon at visible and near-infrared wavelengths. Onboard there were four camera systems and a laser altimeter. During the first pass, periapsis was at 30S and the highest resolution images were obtained in the southern hemisphere. Over the northern polar area, a series of oblique and vertical images were obtained with the ultraviolet-visible (UV-VIS) camera on each orbit. During the second pass, periapsis was at 30N and the image acquisition strategy was reversed. The UV-VIS camera image size was 384 x 288 pixels with five spectral bands and one broad band. The 750-nm-band stereo pairs are the primary image source for this study. The ground sample distances (GSD) for oblique images range from 300 to 400m. The GSD for the vertical images, acquired at the end of an orbit, are slightly larger and range from 325 to 450 m. Using the formula for stereo-height accuracy, an estimate of height accuracy is 180m. This formula is IFOVMAX)/(K*B/H with IFOVMAX defined as Maximum Instantaneous Field of View; B/H is the base-to-height ratio and K is an estimate of pixel measurement accuracy on the imagery. The Clementine laser altimeter (LIDAR) data were used previously to produce a global topographic model of the Moon . The model has a vertical accuracy of about 100 m and a spatial resolution of 2.5 deg. Altimetry data were collected between 79S and 810N

  11. Effect of X-ray irradiation on fruit quality of clementine mandarin cv. 'Clemenules'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alonso, Miquel [Centre de Technologia Postcollita, Institut Valencia d' Investigacions Agraries (IVIA), Ctra. de Montcada a Naquera, km. 4.5, E-46113 Montcada, Valencia (Spain); Palou, Lluis [Centre de Technologia Postcollita, Institut Valencia d' Investigacions Agraries (IVIA), Ctra. de Montcada a Naquera, km. 4.5, E-46113 Montcada, Valencia (Spain)]. E-mail: lluis.palou@ivia.es; Angel del Rio, Miguel [Centre de Technologia Postcollita, Institut Valencia d' Investigacions Agraries (IVIA), Ctra. de Montcada a Naquera, km. 4.5, E-46113 Montcada, Valencia (Spain); Jacas, Josep-Anton [Departament de Ciencies Experimentals, Universitat Jaume I (UJI), Campus del Riu Sec, E-12071 Castello de la Plana (Spain)

    2007-10-15

    The effects of a potential quarantine treatment consisting of exposure to X-ray irradiation against the Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae) on 'Clemenules' mandarin quality are presented and compared with those from the standard cold temperature quarantine treatment. X-ray irradiation doses of 0.195 and 0.395 kGy had no detrimental effects on fruit quality (rind color, firmness, juice yield, maturity index, internal volatiles, deterioration index and sensory evaluation). These results therefore indicate that X-ray irradiation is a harmless and highly effective quarantine technique for clementine mandarin and this technique could be as useful as the current cold treatment for 'Clemenules' mandarins.

  12. Auto-Conceito Sexual

    OpenAIRE

    Lima, Maria Luisa Pedroso; Sim-Sim, Margarida

    2004-01-01

    Elegendo-se como assunto o auto-conceito e mais especificamente o auto-conceito sexual, procura-se um aprofundamento teórico do tema. Desenvolve-se a definição do auto-conceito e auto-conceito sexual, suas perspectivas historicas, natureza, estrutura e fontes que veiculam a sua construção. São descritos alguns modelos teóricos de auto-conceito e auto-conceito sexual diferenciando entre modelos unidimensionais e multidimensionais. Analisa-se o recente constructo de auto-conceito sexual sublinh...

  13. Clementine Star Tracker Stellar Compass: Final report part 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Priest, R.E.; Kordas, J.F.; Lewis, I.T. [and others

    1995-07-01

    The Clementine mission provided the first ever complete, systematic surface mapping of the moon from the ultra-violet to the near-infrared regions. More than 1.7 million images of the moon, earth and space were returned from this mission. Two star stracker stellar compasses (star tracker camera + stellar compass software) were included on the spacecraft, serving a primary function of providing angle updates to the guidance and navigation system. These cameras served a secondary function by providing a wide field of view imaging capability for lunar horizon glow and other dark-side imaging data. This 290 g camera using a 576 x 384 focal plane array and a 17 mm entrance pupil, detected and centroided stars as dim and dimmer than 4.5 m{sub v}, providing rms pointing accuracy of better than 100 {mu}rad pitch and yaw and 450 {mu}rad roll. A description of this light-weight, low power star tracker camera along with a summary of lessons learned is presented. Design goals and preliminary on-orbit performance estimates are addressed in terms of meeting the mission`s primary objective for flight qualifying the sensors for future Department of Defense flights. Documentation generated during the design, analysis, build, test and characterization of the star tracker cameras are presented. Collectively, this documentation represents a small library of information for this camera, and may be used as a framework for producing copy units by commercial enterprises, and therefore satisfies a Department of Defense and Department of Energy goal to transfer technology to industry. However, the considerable knowledge gained from the experience of the individuals involved in the system trades, design, analysis, production, testing and characterization of the star tracker stellar compass is not contained in this documentation.

  14. Advances in lunar science from the Clementine mission: A decadal perspective

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Mark Robinson; Miriam Riner

    2005-12-01

    The Clementine spacecraft orbited the Moon and acquired science data for 10 weeks in the Spring of 1994. During this time it collected global 11-band multispectral images and near global altimetry. Select areas of the Moon were imaged at 25 m/pixel in visible light and 60 m/pixel in thermal wavelengths. From these datasets a new paradigm for the evolution of the lunar crust emerged. The Moon is no longer viewed as a two-terrane planet, the Apollo samples were found not to represent the lunar crust as a whole, and the complexity of lunar crustal stratigraphy was further revealed. More than ten years later the Clementine datasets continue to significantly advance lunar science and will continue to do so as new measurements are returned from planned missions such as Chandrayaan, SELENE, and Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter. This paper highlights the scientific research conducted over the last decade using Clementine data and summarizes the influence of Clementine on our understanding of the Moon.

  15. Easy Auto CAD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book explains Auto CAD easily, which introduces improved function in Auto CAD R 13, such as direct import and export of 3 DS pile, revised render order structure, and explanations of assist, view Draw, construct and modify. Next it gives descriptions of Auto CAD conception, application and system. The last part deals with line, arc, circle, ellipse, erase, undo, redo, redraw, line type, multi line, limits, zoom, move, copy, rotate, array, mirror, grid, snap, units, offset and poly line.

  16. Biological Monitoring of Blood Naphthalene Levels as a Marker of Occupational Exposure to PAHs among Auto-Mechanics and Spray Painters in Rawalpindi

    OpenAIRE

    Cheema Iqbal U; Qayyum Mazhar; Kamal Atif; Rashid Audil

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Routine exposure to chemical contaminants in workplace is a cause for concern over potential health risks to workers. In Pakistan, reports on occupational exposure and related health risks are almost non-existent, which reflects the scarce availability of survey data and criteria for determining whether an unsafe exposure has occurred. The current study was designed to evaluate blood naphthalene (NAPH) levels as an indicator of exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ...

  17. Quality of Clementine Jam Influenced by Purée Pretreatment, Sugar Type and Pectin Addition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Branka Levaj

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research was to investigate the influence of several parameters on quality of Clementine (Citrus clementine jam. Thermal treated and nontreated Clementine purée, two types of sugar (sucrose and fructose and three different amounts of added pectin were used for the jam producing. Accordingly, twelve jams were prepared and sorted in four groups, two of nontreated purées and two of treated purées, and each one with sucrose and fructose within. The quality of jams was evaluated through gel strength measurement, sensory evaluation and level of polyphenols. The results of gel strength measurement showed that the treated purée jams were less firm than nontreated ones, the jams with sucrose were firmer than the ones with fructose and the gel strength of jams increased with amount of added pectin increase. Jams of nontreated purée contained higher level of polyphenols in comparison with jams of treated purée. Regarding to sensory evaluation, the nontreated purée jams were higher rated in comparison to treated ones. Furthermore, jams with fructose were better evaluated than jams with sucrose. Based on obtained results, it is revealing that nontreated purée jam with fructose and 0.7 % added pectin was the best sensory evaluated sample.

  18. Biological Monitoring of Blood Naphthalene Levels as a Marker of Occupational Exposure to PAHs among Auto-Mechanics and Spray Painters in Rawalpindi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheema Iqbal U

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Routine exposure to chemical contaminants in workplace is a cause for concern over potential health risks to workers. In Pakistan, reports on occupational exposure and related health risks are almost non-existent, which reflects the scarce availability of survey data and criteria for determining whether an unsafe exposure has occurred. The current study was designed to evaluate blood naphthalene (NAPH levels as an indicator of exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs among automobile workshop mechanics (MCs and car-spray painters (PNs. We further determined the relationship between blood NAPH levels and personal behavioural, job related parameters and various environmental factors that may further be associated with elevated risks of occupational exposures to PAHs. Methods Sixty blood samples (n = 20 for each group i.e. MC, PN and control group were collected to compare their blood NAPH levels among exposed (MCs and PNs and un-exposed (control groups. Samples were analyzed using high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC. Data regarding demographic aspects of the subjects and their socioeconomic features were collected using a questionnaire. Subjects were also asked to report environmental hygiene conditions of their occupational environment. Results We identified automobile work areas as potential sites for PAHs exposure, which was reflected by higher blood NAPH levels among MCs. Blood NAPH levels ranged from 53.7 to 1980.6 μgL-1 and 54.1 to 892.9 μgL-1 among MCs and PNs respectively. Comparison within each group showed that smoking enhanced exposure risks several fold and both active and passive smoking were among personal parameters that were significantly correlated with log-transformed blood NAPH levels. For exposed groups, work hours and work experience were job related parameters that showed strong associations with the increase in blood NAPH levels. Poor workplace hygiene and ventilation were recognized as

  19. AutoBin

    OpenAIRE

    Salin, Franck

    2010-01-01

    AutoBin is an Excel Macro written in Microsoft Visual Basic (VBA). It automatically analyzes raw data generated from microsatellites genotyping software such as STRand (Toonen et al., 2001) or GeneMapper (Applied Biosystems, USA). AutoBin has been developed by Franck Salin. It can deal with unlimited number of loci and samples, with no consideration of the type of SSRs motifs. AutoBin helps the user to bin his data with visual alerts and format automatically the data for downstream analysis.

  20. AutoCAD workbook

    CERN Document Server

    Metherell, Phil

    1989-01-01

    AutoCAD Workbook helps new users learn the basics of AutoCad, providing guidance on most of the commonly used functions in which the program operates.This book discusses loading AutoCad and starting a drawing; drawing and erasing lines, circles, and arcs; and setting up the drawing environment. The topics on drawing and editing polylines; entering text and text styles; and layers, linetype, and color are also considered. This publication likewise covers creating and using blocks, hatching and extracting information, dimensioning drawings, 3D visualization, and plotting a drawing. Other

  1. AutoPalinin messumarkkinointi

    OpenAIRE

    Alenius, Minna

    2013-01-01

    Tämä opinnäytetyö toimii AutoPalinin messukonseptina tapahtumamarkkinoinnissa. Messukonseptissa käsitellään AutoPalinin osallistumista yleisömessuille sekä messuilla tapahtuvaa markkinointia. Opinnäytetyössä kerrotaan yleisesti messuista tärkeänä ja vahvana mediana sekä vaiheittain messuprojektin etenemisen ja tarpeelliset työvaiheet suunnittelusta aina messujen jälkeen tehtäviin osioihin, jotka kaikki yhdessä oikein toteutettuna mahdollistavat AutoPalinille parhaan mahdollisen messumenestyks...

  2. HEPATITE AUTO IMMUN

    OpenAIRE

    Halfaoui, Nadia

    2015-01-01

    Les hépatites auto –immun sont d’une atteinte inflammatoire aigu ou chronique du foie caractérisé par réaction immunitaire dirigé contre un antigène de hôte .il en existe deux types :  Hépatite auto immun type 1 : caractérisé par présence d’auto anticorps anti muscle lisse de spécifité antiactine, anticorps anti nucléaires.  Type 2 caractérisé par présence d’auto anticorps anti microsome de foie et de rein (anti LMNK1). Leur étiologies est multifactoriel ; impliquant...

  3. Tagaotsitav "Auto" / Kristiina Vaarik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaarik, Kristiina

    2001-01-01

    Chris O'Connelli "Auto" Vanemuises, lavastaja Mark Babych. Etendusele tegid muusika ansamblist Bizarre tuntud muusikud Tristan Priimägi ja Lauri Liivak, kes artiklis sellest räägivad. Esietendus 2. detsembril 2000

  4. Application of Auto CAD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book has introduction to use this book and explanation of application on Auto CAD, which includes, sub directories, batch files, robot wrist, design of standard paper, title block, robort weld room, robert wrist joint, PC board, plant sym, electro, PID, machines, robots, bubbles, plant, schema, Pid, plant assembly, robots, dim plant, PL-ASSM, plotting line weight control, symbol drawing joint, Auto CAD using script file, set up of workout · MNU, workout MNU, ACAD, LSP and workout · MNU.

  5. Sequence analysis of three citrus viroids infecting a single Tunisian citrus tree (Citrus, reticulata, Clementine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amine Elleuch

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available We report the nucleotide sequences of three citrus viroids belonging to three different genera: Citrus exocortis viroid (CEVd, Hop stunt viroid (HSVd and Citrus viroid-III (CVd-III isolated from a single natural infected Citrus reticulata var. Clementine tree growing in a tree nursery in Manouba (near Tunis Capital. We describe the sequence variability of these viroids from their natural host without using an alternative passage by an indicator host or an artificial inoculation. This work confirms that naturally occurring viroid infections contain a mixture of sequence variants. These are the first sequences of citrus viroids from Africa.

  6. PERI auto-tuning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bailey, D H; Williams, S [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Chame, J; Chen, C; Hall, M [USC/ISI, Marina del Rey, CA 90292 (United States); Dongarra, J; Moore, S; Seymour, K; You, H [University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996 (United States); Hollingsworth, J K; Tiwari, A [University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Hovland, P; Shin, J [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)], E-mail: mhall@isi.edu

    2008-07-15

    The enormous and growing complexity of today's high-end systems has increased the already significant challenges of obtaining high performance on equally complex scientific applications. Application scientists are faced with a daunting challenge in tuning their codes to exploit performance-enhancing architectural features. The Performance Engineering Research Institute (PERI) is working toward the goal of automating portions of the performance tuning process. This paper describes PERI's overall strategy for auto-tuning tools and recent progress in both building auto-tuning tools and demonstrating their success on kernels, some taken from large-scale applications.

  7. AutoCAD

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Henrik

    1998-01-01

    I 1998 var AutoCAD Arkitektskolens basale CAD-tilbud til de studerende. Kursets vægt ligger på konstruktion og strukturering af 3d-modeller og med udgangspunkt i dette, 2d-tegning. Kurset er opbygget over CAD Clasic skabelonen (se min forskning). Kompendiet kan bruges til selvstudium.......I 1998 var AutoCAD Arkitektskolens basale CAD-tilbud til de studerende. Kursets vægt ligger på konstruktion og strukturering af 3d-modeller og med udgangspunkt i dette, 2d-tegning. Kurset er opbygget over CAD Clasic skabelonen (se min forskning). Kompendiet kan bruges til selvstudium....

  8. PERI auto-tuning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The enormous and growing complexity of today's high-end systems has increased the already significant challenges of obtaining high performance on equally complex scientific applications. Application scientists are faced with a daunting challenge in tuning their codes to exploit performance-enhancing architectural features. The Performance Engineering Research Institute (PERI) is working toward the goal of automating portions of the performance tuning process. This paper describes PERI's overall strategy for auto-tuning tools and recent progress in both building auto-tuning tools and demonstrating their success on kernels, some taken from large-scale applications

  9. World Auto Parts Market Thriving

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ In a global market with increased competition, the global auto industrial chain in some regions of Europe, the U.S. and Japan is transforming into a new relationship between the auto parts producers and complete vehicle producers.

  10. The Durban Auto Cluster

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorentzen, Jochen; Robbins, Glen; Barnes, Justin

    2004-01-01

    The paper describes the formation of the Durban Auto Cluster in the context of trade liberalization. It argues that the improvement of operational competitiveness of firms in the cluster is prominently due to joint action. It tests this proposition by comparing the gains from cluster activities i...

  11. Auto Adjusting Astronomical Telescope

    OpenAIRE

    Rohit R. Ghalsasi; Prof. N. D. Dhoot

    2014-01-01

    Astronomical telescope is powerful and basic tool for star or celestial observation. Here we proposed integrated system using Raspberry Pi for auto adjusting astronomical telescope. This integrated circuit helps to control stellar monitoring, stellar targeting, and tracking functions of telescope. Astro compass gives the direction of the celestial objects.

  12. Auto's te water.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    2009-01-01

    Ongevallen waarbij auto's in diep water of in een sloot of greppel belanden zijn dikwijls gecompliceerd en lopen vaak ernstig af. Gezien deze afloop en het feit dat ongeveer de helft van de overleden bij dit soort ongevallen niet omkomt door verdrinking maar door verwondingen, zijn preventieve maatr

  13. Auto Part Boom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG PEI

    2006-01-01

    @@ "Facing a very good market space at the present time,no matter domestic or overseas,we are increasing all the resources we can to expand our production capacity,"says Xu Peng,sales manager of a major Chinese private auto parts company."However,there are still many external conditions restricting the expansion."

  14. Auto Adjusting Astronomical Telescope

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohit R. Ghalsasi

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Astronomical telescope is powerful and basic tool for star or celestial observation. Here we proposed integrated system using Raspberry Pi for auto adjusting astronomical telescope. This integrated circuit helps to control stellar monitoring, stellar targeting, and tracking functions of telescope. Astro compass gives the direction of the celestial objects.

  15. Beginning AutoCAD 2002

    CERN Document Server

    McFarlane, Bob

    2002-01-01

    New features in AutoCAD 2002 are covered in this book, making it a useful refresher course for anyone using AutoCAD at this level, and upgrading to the new software release. The material in the book is also relevant to anyone using other recent releases, including, AutoCAD 2000.

  16. AutoCAD 2014 and AutoCAD LT 2014

    CERN Document Server

    Gladfelter, Donnie

    2013-01-01

    A step-by-step tutorial introduction to AutoCAD As the only book to teach AutoCAD using a continuous tutorial which allows you to follow along sequentially or jump in at any exercise by downloading the drawing files, this Autodesk Official Press book is ideal for the AutoCAD novice. Industry expert and AutoCAD guru Donnie Gladfelter walks you through the powerful features of AutoCAD, provides you with a solid foundation of the basics, and shares the latest industry standards and techniques. The hands-on tutorial project inspired by real-world workflows that runs throughout the book

  17. HiRes camera and LIDAR ranging system for the Clementine mission

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ledebuhr, A.G.; Kordas, J.F.; Lewis, I.T. [and others

    1995-04-01

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory developed a space-qualified High Resolution (HiRes) imaging LIDAR (Light Detection And Ranging) system for use on the DoD Clementine mission. The Clementine mission provided more than 1.7 million images of the moon, earth, and stars, including the first ever complete systematic surface mapping of the moon from the ultra-violet to near-infrared spectral regions. This article describes the Clementine HiRes/LIDAR system, discusses design goals and preliminary estimates of on-orbit performance, and summarizes lessons learned in building and using the sensor. The LIDAR receiver system consists of a High Resolution (HiRes) imaging channel which incorporates an intensified multi-spectral visible camera combined with a Laser ranging channel which uses an avalanche photo-diode for laser pulse detection and timing. The receiver was bore sighted to a light-weight McDonnell-Douglas diode-pumped ND:YAG laser transmitter that emmitted 1.06 {micro}m wavelength pulses of 200 mJ/pulse and 10 ns pulse-width, The LIDAR receiver uses a common F/9.5 Cassegrain telescope assembly. The optical path of the telescope is split using a color-separating beamsplitter. The imaging channel incorporates a filter wheel assembly which spectrally selects the light which is imaged onto a custom 12 mm gated image intensifier fiber-optically-coupled into a 384 x 276 pixel frame transfer CCD FPA. The image intensifier was spectrally sensitive over the 0.4 to 0.8 {micro}m wavelength region. The six-position filter wheel contained 4 narrow spectral filters, one broadband and one blocking filter. At periselene (400 km) the HiRes/LIDAR imaged a 2.8 km swath width at 20-meter resolution. The LIDAR function detected differential signal return with a 40-meter range accuracy, with a maximum range capability of 640 km, limited by the bit counter in the range return counting clock.

  18. MS AutoCad

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Michael Rye; Heinicke, Hugo

    1996-01-01

    Formålet med dette notat er at give en introduktion til tegning af et generalarrangement ved anvendelse af CAD-programmet AutoCAD. Generalarrangementets formål er at skabe en overskuelig præsentation af et skibsprojekt. Det skal gøres indenfor de rammer, som ligger til grund for praktiskprojekter......Formålet med dette notat er at give en introduktion til tegning af et generalarrangement ved anvendelse af CAD-programmet AutoCAD. Generalarrangementets formål er at skabe en overskuelig præsentation af et skibsprojekt. Det skal gøres indenfor de rammer, som ligger til grund for...

  19. The Durban Auto Cluster

    OpenAIRE

    Lorentzen, Jochen; Robbins, Glen; Barnes, Justin

    2004-01-01

    The paper describes the formation of the Durban Auto Cluster in the context of trade liberalization. It argues that the improvement of operational competitiveness of firms in the cluster is prominently due to joint action. It tests this proposition by comparing the gains from cluster activities in the areas of supplier development, human resource development, logistics, and benchmarking, and by contrasting the impact of joint action against a host of other variables, notably international com...

  20. Jeddah Auto Mall

    OpenAIRE

    Altahlawi, Naif

    2008-01-01

    This Project demonstrates a constructive approach in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia where the building would be a symbol of luxury. The auto mall gives a common platform to different car makers to display their cars and address their competition under one roof which would be convenient for customers to compare cars. The building has twelve show room units. Each unit has a display area, offices, and a service area. The roof structure system facilitates a large open span beneath it. A series of con...

  1. The clementine bistatic radar experiment: Evidence for ice on the moon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spudis, P.D.; Nozette, S.; Lichtenberg, C.; Bonner, R.; Ort, W.; Malaret, E.; Robinson, M.; Shoemaker, E.

    1998-01-01

    Ice deposits, derived from comets and water-bearing meteorites hitting the Moon over geological times, have long been postulated to exist in dark areas near the poles of the Moon. The characteristics of radio waves beamed from the Clementine spacecraft into the polar areas, reflected from the Moon's surface, and received on the large dish antennas of the Deep Space Network here on Earth show that roughly the volume of a small lake (???0.9-1.8 km3) of water ice makes up part of the Moon's surface layer near the south pole. The discovery of ice near the lunar south pole has important ramifications for a permanent return to the Moon. These deposits could be used to manufacture rocket propellant and to support human life on the Moon. ?? 1998 MAHK Hayka/Interperiodica Publishing.

  2. AutoCAD / AutoCAD LT 2014 fundamentals metric

    CERN Document Server

    ASCENT center for technical knowledge

    2014-01-01

    The objective of AutoCAD/AutoCAD LT 2014 Fundamentals is to enable students to create a basic 2D drawing in the AutoCAD software. Even at this fundamental level, the AutoCAD software is one of the most sophisticated computer applications that you are likely to encounter. Therefore learning to use it can be challenging. To make the process easier and provide flexibility for instructors and students, the training guide is divided into two parts that can be taken independently.

  3. Internet与AutoCAD%Internet and AutoCAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李岩; 修立刚

    2009-01-01

    从Internet是国际上交流信息最重要的方法出发,介绍了AutoCAD的网络功能.即如何在Web上发布图形和在AutoCAD中进行网上的图形操作.%Is internationally exchanges the information most important method from Intemet to embark, introduced the AutoCAD network function, how namely on Web to issue that the graph and carries in-line graph operation in AutoCAD.

  4. "Chinese Style" Auto marketing Thrives

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Over the past 10 years, China's auto industry has seen rapid growth.The miracle of such fast development, from a humble beginning to a strong player in the world's auto industry,can be attributed to a variety of factors.The most important factor, however, is that the auto industry has incorporated Chinese characteristics during its growth,whether facing challenges or developing new innovations.

  5. Brilliance Auto: Chinese, Global, Successful

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

      As the only automobile sponsor of BOAO FORUM FOR ASIA in April 2004, Brilliance Auto had a great opportunity to show her 'New Zhonghua" sedan which is an upper-medium car with completely independent intellectual property rights and repre sents the independent development philosophy of Brilliance Auto and is especially made for business personnel. The development pattern of Zhonghua sedan set a brand new model in Chinese auto industry to utilize the global resources and talents and international division of labor in the international arena, and she has become a typical sample of independent brand sedans in the contemporary Chinese auto industry.……

  6. Easy Korean Auto CAD 14

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book introduces Auto CAD 14, which includes summary of basic things of Auto CAD 14, user interface for Auto CAD, basic drawing and advice, layer and set-up drawing, drawing with Auto CAD tools exactly, basic drawing of every thing, edit command, control of display, modeling and view ports of drawing space, various things drawing, writing letters, modification of floor plan, and check, block, X ref, lines and hatch, writing measurement, floor plan and OLE exchange of data, 3D floor plan, and rendering and presentation.

  7. Beginning AutoCAD 2005

    CERN Document Server

    McFarlane, Bob

    2005-01-01

    Beginning AutoCAD 2005 is a course based on learning and practising the essentials of 2D drawing using AutoCAD. Bob McFarlane's hands-on approach is uniquely suited to independent learning and use on courses. The focus on 2D drawing in one book, ensures the reader gets a thorough grounding in the subject, with a greater depth of coverage than tends to be available from general introductions to AutoCAD. As a result, this book provides a true, step-by-step, detailed exploration of the AutoCAD functions required at each stage of producing a 2D drawing - an approach often

  8. Auto immune hepatitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Gerven, Nicole Mf; de Boer, Ynto S; Mulder, Chris Jj; van Nieuwkerk, Carin Mj; Bouma, Gerd

    2016-05-21

    To provide an update of the latest trends in epidemiology, clinical course, diagnostics, complications and treatment of auto immune hepatitis (AIH). A search of the MEDLINE database was performed using the search terms: "auto immune hepatitis", "clinical presentation", "symptoms", "signs", "diagnosis", "auto antibodies", "laboratory values", "serology", "histopathology", "histology", "genetics", "HLA genes", "non-HLA genes", "environment", "epidemiology", "prevalence", "incidence", "demographics", "complications", "HCC", "PBC", "PSC", "corticosteroid", "therapy", "treatment", "alternative treatment". English-language full-text articles and abstracts were considered. Articles included reviews, meta-analysis, prospective retrospective studies. No publication date restrictions were applied. AIH is an immune meditated progressive inflammatory liver disease that predominantly affects middle-aged females but may affect people of all ages. The clinical spectrum of AIH is wide, ranging from absent or mild symptoms to fulminant hepatic failure. The aetiology of AIH is still unknown, but is believed to occur as the consequence of an aberrant immune response towards an un-known trigger in a genetically susceptible host. In the absence of a gold standard, diagnosis is based on the combination of clinical, biochemical and histopathological criteria. Immunosuppressive treatment has been the cornerstone of treatment since the earliest description of the disease in 1950 by Waldenström. Such treatment is often successful at inducing remission and generally leads to normal life expectancy. Nevertheless, there remain significant areas of unmet aetiological a clinical needs including fundamental insight in disease pathogenesis, optimal therapy, duration of treatment and treatment alternatives in those patients unresponsive to standard treatment regimens. PMID:27217697

  9. Auto immune hepatitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Gerven, Nicole MF; de Boer, Ynto S; Mulder, Chris JJ; van Nieuwkerk, Carin MJ; Bouma, Gerd

    2016-01-01

    To provide an update of the latest trends in epidemiology, clinical course, diagnostics, complications and treatment of auto immune hepatitis (AIH). A search of the MEDLINE database was performed using the search terms: “auto immune hepatitis”, “clinical presentation”, “symptoms”, “signs”, “diagnosis”, “auto antibodies”, “laboratory values”, “serology”, “histopathology”, “histology”, “genetics”, “HLA genes”, “non-HLA genes”, “environment”, “epidemiology”, “prevalence”, “incidence”, “demographics”, “complications”, “HCC”, “PBC”, “PSC”, “corticosteroid”, “therapy”, “treatment”, “alternative treatment”. English-language full-text articles and abstracts were considered. Articles included reviews, meta-analysis, prospective retrospective studies. No publication date restrictions were applied. AIH is an immune meditated progressive inflammatory liver disease that predominantly affects middle-aged females but may affect people of all ages. The clinical spectrum of AIH is wide, ranging from absent or mild symptoms to fulminant hepatic failure. The aetiology of AIH is still unknown, but is believed to occur as the consequence of an aberrant immune response towards an un-known trigger in a genetically susceptible host. In the absence of a gold standard, diagnosis is based on the combination of clinical, biochemical and histopathological criteria. Immunosuppressive treatment has been the cornerstone of treatment since the earliest description of the disease in 1950 by Waldenström. Such treatment is often successful at inducing remission and generally leads to normal life expectancy. Nevertheless, there remain significant areas of unmet aetiological a clinical needs including fundamental insight in disease pathogenesis, optimal therapy, duration of treatment and treatment alternatives in those patients unresponsive to standard treatment regimens. PMID:27217697

  10. Measuring the position of the center of the Sun at the Clementine Gnomon of Santa Maria degli Angeli in Rome

    OpenAIRE

    Sigismondi, Costantino

    2012-01-01

    The Clementine Gnomon in the Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli in Rome has been realized in 1702 with the aim to measure the variation of the obliquity of the Earth axis along the forthcoming centuries. Since then the church and the instrument undergone several restorations and the original conditions of the pinhole changed. The measurements of the position of the image in the days before and of the 2011 winter solstice with respect to the original markers compared with the ephemerides giv...

  11. Lens auto-centering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamontagne, Frédéric; Desnoyers, Nichola; Doucet, Michel; Côté, Patrice; Gauvin, Jonny; Anctil, Geneviève; Tremblay, Mathieu

    2015-09-01

    In a typical optical system, optical elements usually need to be precisely positioned and aligned to perform the correct optical function. This positioning and alignment involves securing the optical element in a holder or mount. Proper centering of an optical element with respect to the holder is a delicate operation that generally requires tight manufacturing tolerances or active alignment, resulting in costly optical assemblies. To optimize optical performance and minimize manufacturing cost, there is a need for a lens mounting method that could relax manufacturing tolerance, reduce assembly time and provide high centering accuracy. This paper presents a patent pending lens mounting method developed at INO that can be compared to the drop-in technique for its simplicity while providing the level of accuracy close to that achievable with techniques using a centering machine (usually innovative auto-centering method is based on the use of geometrical relationship between the lens diameter, the lens radius of curvature and the thread angle of the retaining ring. The autocentering principle and centering test results performed on real optical assemblies are presented. In addition to the low assembly time, high centering accuracy, and environmental robustness, the INO auto-centering method has the advantage of relaxing lens and barrel bore diameter tolerances as well as lens wedge tolerances. The use of this novel lens mounting method significantly reduces manufacturing and assembly costs for high performance optical systems. Large volume productions would especially benefit from this advancement in precision lens mounting, potentially providing a drastic cost reduction.

  12. Astronomy in the Church: the Clementine Sundial in Santa Maria degli Angeli, Rome

    CERN Document Server

    Sigismondi, Costantino

    2011-01-01

    Pope Clement XI (1700-1721) ordered Francesco Bianchini (1662-1729) to build a Meridian Line. Bianchini was the Secretary of the Commission for the Calendar. He chose the Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli because of the stability of its roman walls and foundations and its suitable dimension. Stability over centuries of the ancient walls where the pinhole is located is a requirement for making high precision astrometry, such as the measurement of the inclination of the Earth axis over its orbit plan. In the 18th century it was possible to open the window holding the southern pinhole, and, even in daylight, stellar transits were recorded and precisely timed with pendulum mechanical clocks. The accuracy of such clocks was better than 1 s per day, and the observations of stellar transits allowed their synchronization with sidereal time. This "hybrid feature" of the Clementine Gnomon to measure solar and stellar transits allowed Bianchini to accomplish in 1703 the whole measurement of the duration of the tropic...

  13. Ancient multiring basins on the moon revealed by clementine laser altimetry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spudis, P D; Gillis, J J; Reisse, R A

    1994-12-16

    Analysis of laser altimetry data from Clementine has confirmed and extended our knowledge of nearly obliterated multiring basins on the moon. These basins were formed during the early bombardment phase of lunar history, have been filled to varying degrees by mare lavas and regional ejecta blankets, and have been degraded by the superposition of large impact craters. The Mendel-Rydberg Basin, a degraded three-ring feature over 600 kilometers in diameter on the lunar western limb, is about 6 kilometers deep from rim to floor, only slightly less deep than the nearby younger and much better preserved Orientale Basin (8 kilometers deep). The South Pole-Aitken Basin, the oldest discernible impact feature on the moon, is revealed as a basin 2500 kilometers in diameter with an average depth of more than 13 kilometers, rim crest to floor. This feature is the largest, deepest impact crater yet discovered in the solar system. Several additional depressions seen in the data may represent previously unmapped ancient impact basins. PMID:17737079

  14. AutoCAD 2014 essentials

    CERN Document Server

    Onstott, Scott

    2013-01-01

    Learn crucial AutoCAD tools and techniques with this Autodesk Official Press Book Quickly become productive using AutoCAD 2014 and AutoCAD LT 2014 with this full color Autodesk Official Press guide. This unique learning resource features concise, straightforward explanations and real-world, hands-on exercises and tutorials. Following a quick discussion of concepts and goals, each chapter moves on to an approachable hands-on exercise designed to reinforce real-world tactics and techniques. Compelling, full-color screenshots illustrate tutorial steps, and chapters conclude with relat

  15. CONGRATULATIONS ON AUTO CHINA 2006

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ In April, China Machinery Industry Federation and Media & Press Center of CCPIT have successfully organized the China Auto International(Syria)Exhibition Tour and promoted the "walk out" strategy of Chinese independent brands.

  16. CONGRATULATIONS ON AUTO CHINA 2006

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

      In April, China Machinery Industry Federation and Media & Press Center of CCPIT have successfully organized the China Auto International(Syria)Exhibition Tour and promoted the "walk out" strategy of Chinese independent brands.……

  17. Liiketoimintasuunnitelma Auto-Roiko Ky

    OpenAIRE

    Roiko, Sebastian

    2014-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli liiketoimintasuunnitelman tekeminen toimeksiantajayritys Auto-Roiko Ky:lle. Auto-Roiko Ky on kuorma-autojen maahantuontiin erikoistunut yritys Kannuksessa, Keski-Pohjanmaalla. Tavoitteena oli toiminnan kokonaisvaltainen kehittäminen ja uusien liiketoimintamallien tarkastelu. Uusina liiketoimintoina tutkittiin henkilöautokauppaa ja polttoainejakelua. Työ toteutettiin kehittämishankkeena kvalitatiivista tutkimusmenetelmää käyttäen. Tutkimusai...

  18. Green Project in Auto Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Wei

    2007-01-01

    @@ Automobile industry in China is developing very fast,which brings great business opportunities.In 2006,China was ranked the third in the world only after the United States and Japan in terms of auto sales.As the vehicle population in China is rocketing,a series of related social problems are emerging.How to fast develop auto industfy,and at the same time,protect our lwing environment? A green project is in urgent need.

  19. Effects of Euseius stipulatus on establishment and efficacy in spider mite suppression of Neoseiulus californicus and Phytoseiulus persimilis in clementine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abad-Moyano, Raquel; Urbaneja, Alberto; Hoffmann, Daniela; Schausberger, Peter

    2010-04-01

    The two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae, is one of the most problematic phytophagous pests in Spanish clementine orchards. The most abundant predatory mites in this ecosystem are Euseius stipulatus, Phytoseiulus persimilis and Neoseiulus californicus. Euseius stipulatus is dominant but poorly adapted to utilize T. urticae as prey. It mainly persists on pollen and citrus red mite, Panonychus citri. A recent study suggested that the more efficacious T. urticae predators P. persimilis and N. californicus are negatively affected by lethal and non-lethal intraguild interactions with E. stipulatus. Here, we investigated the potential of N. californicus and P. persimilis to colonize and thrive on young clementine trees infested by T. urticae in presence and absence of E. stipulatus. Presence of E. stipulatus interfered with establishment and abundance of P. persimilis and negatively affected the efficacy of N. californicus in T. urticae suppression. In contrast, the abundance of E. stipulatus was not affected by introduction of a second predator. Trait-mediated effects of E. stipulatus changing P. persimilis and N. californicus behavior and/or life history were the most likely explanations for these outcomes. We conclude that superiority of E. stipulatus in intraguild interactions may indeed contribute to the currently observed predator species composition and abundance, rendering natural control of T. urticae in Spanish clementine orchards unsatisfactory. Nonetheless, stronger reduction of T. urticae and/or plant damage in the predator combination treatments as compared to E. stipulatus alone indicates the possibility to improve T. urticae control via repeated releases of N. californicus and/or P. persimilis. PMID:19777356

  20. Measuring the position of the center of the Sun at the Clementine Gnomon of Santa Maria degli Angeli in Rome

    CERN Document Server

    Sigismondi, Costantino

    2012-01-01

    The Clementine Gnomon in the Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli in Rome has been realized in 1702 with the aim to measure the variation of the obliquity of the Earth axis along the forthcoming centuries. Since then the church and the instrument undergone several restorations and the original conditions of the pinhole changed. The measurements of the position of the image in the days before and of the 2011 winter solstice with respect to the original markers compared with the ephemerides gives us the North-South correction for the position of the pinhole to be restored.

  1. AutoCAD 2015 and AutoCAD LT 2015

    CERN Document Server

    Gladfelter, Donnie

    2014-01-01

    Learn AutoCAD by example with this tutorial-based guide from Autodesk Official Press Whether you are just starting out or an experienced user wanting to brush up on your skills, this Autodesk Official Press book provides you with concise explanations, focused examples, and step-by-step instructions through a hands-on tutorial project that runs throughout the book. As you progress through the project, the book introduces you to the Microsoft Windows-based AutoCAD interface and then guides you through basic commands and creating drawings. A downloadable file is available from the website so that

  2. AutoCAD 2010 For Dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Byrnes, David

    2009-01-01

    AutoCAD is the hot computer-aided design software known for both its powerful tools and its complexity. AutoCAD 2010 for Dummies is the bestselling guide that walks you through this complicated program so you can build complex 3D technical drawings, edit like a pro, enter new dimensions, and plot with style. AutoCAD 2010 for Dummies helps you navigate the program, use the AutoCAD Design Center, create a basic layout and work with dimension, and put your drawings on the Internet. You'll soon be setting up the AutoCAD environment, using the AutoCAD Ribbon, creating annotation and dimension drawi

  3. Instant AutoIt scripting

    CERN Document Server

    Laso, Emilio Aristides de Fez

    2013-01-01

    Filled with practical, step-by-step instructions and clear explanations for the most important and useful tasks. This is a Packt Instant How-to guide, which provides concise and clear recipes for getting started with AutoIt.Instant AutoIt Scripting Essentials How-to is for beginners who wish to know more about automation and programming, system administration developers who intent to automate/manage clusters and servers, and for computer programmers who want to control any PC to create seamless automation apps.

  4. Footprints of China Auto Internatienal Exhibition Tour

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ November 2008,the Sixth China Auto International(Algeria & Egypt)Exhibition Tour is ready.Since the first session was held in 1995,the Chinese auto enterprises have been to Vietnam,Cambodia,Syria,and Russian.

  5. Clementine Observations of the Zodiacal Light and the Dust Content of the Inner Solar System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hahn, Joseph M.; Zook, Herbert A.; Cooper, Bonnie; Sunkara, Bhaskar

    2002-01-01

    Using the Moon to occult the Sun, the Clementine spacecraft used its navigation cameras to map the inner zodiacal light at optical wavelengths over elongations of 3 approx. less than epsilon approx. less than 30 deg from the Sun. This surface brightness map is then used to infer the spatial distribution of interplanetary dust over heliocentric distances of about 10 solar radii to the orbit of Venus. The averaged ecliptic surface brightness of the zodiacal light falls off as Z(epsilon) is a member of epsilon(sup -2.45 +/- 0.05), which suggests that the dust cross-sectional density nominally falls off as sigma(r) is a member of r(sup - 1.45 +/- 0.05). The interplanetary dust also has an albedo of alpha approx. = 0.1 that is uncertain by a factor of approx. 2. Asymmetries of approx. 10% are seen in directions east-west and north-south of the Sun, and these may be due the giant planets' secular gravitational perturbations. We apply a simple model that attributes the zodiacal light as due to three dust populations having distinct inclination distributions, namely, dust from asteroids and Jupiter-family comets (JFCs) having characteristic inclinations of i approx. 7 deg, dust from Halley-type comets having i approx. 33 deg, and an isotropic cloud of dust from Oort Cloud comets. The best-fitting scenario indicates that asteroids + JFCs are the source of about 45% of the optical dust cross section seen in the ecliptic at 1 AU but that at least 89% of the dust cross section enclosed by a 1-AU-radius sphere is of a cometary origin. Each population's radial density variations can also deviate somewhat from the nominal sigma(r) is a member of r(sup -1.45). When these results are extrapolated out to the asteroid belt, we find an upper limit on the mass of the light-reflecting asteroidal dust that is equivalent to a 12-km asteroid, and a similar extrapolation of the isotropic dust cloud out to Oort Cloud distances yields a mass equivalent to a 30-km comet, although the latter

  6. Tumbling Auto Import and Export

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yantai Chen

    2009-01-01

    @@ The seemingly rebound global financial crisis has seriously eroded world economy from 2008,of which China's tumbling auto imports and exports business is a good example.At the beginning of 2008 it kicked off as an excellent year for the Chinese automotive market,but ended with the onset of a recession in last quarter both from the perspective of import and export.

  7. Environment-friendly Auto Marketing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Domestic auto sales have developed quickly with private vehicles making up the highest proportion, but lately customers have begun to care more about environmental protection. Therefore, the last few years has seen more and more consumption disputes and civil lawsuits resulting from the pollution inside vehicles.

  8. Auto executives:Worried While Being Happy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Xu Liuping,director of the board of Chang'an Auto Group,had just come back from Japan and north America before the opening of this year's Shanghai auto show.He knew something about the financial crisis towards the overseas auto industry from reports and during this trip

  9. The New Breakthroughs of Chinese Auto Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Yongjian

    2006-01-01

    @@ Auto Engine Systems: A Key Part for Reform Prof. Ouyang Minggao, Tsinghua University: The road of development from a large production country to a strong technology country eyed. By 2020, China is predicted to be the largest auto manufactuer in the world.In the view of the development of the global auto market, the fastest development is taking place in developing countries.

  10. 2006 Chinese Government Auto Purchase Forum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Sponsored by Economic Daily and the China Machinery Enterprises Management Association, the 2006 Chinese Government Auto Purchase Forum will be held in Tianjin on July 11-13. This represents another high-level dialogue and exchange between the government and the auto industry hot on the heels of the 2005 Chinese Government Auto Purchase Forum. This event is launched to promote

  11. AutoCAD 2008 for dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Byrnes, David

    2007-01-01

    A gentle, humorous introduction to this fearsomely complex software that helps new users start creating 2D and 3D technical drawings right awayCovers the new features and enhancements in the latest AutoCAD version and provides coverage of AutoCAD LT, AutoCAD''s lower-cost siblingTopics covered include creating a basic layout, using AutoCAD DesignCenter, drawing and editing, working with dimensions, plotting, using blocks, adding text to drawings, and drawing on the InternetAutoCAD is the leading CAD software for architects, engineers, and draftspeople who need to create detailed 2D and 3D tech

  12. AutoCAD应用技巧

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张小平

    2010-01-01

    在长期使用AutoCAD绘图和AutoCAD教学中,发现AutoCAD中出现的问题很多,因此给我们带来困扰和使用的不便,大降低了工作的效率.为了方便AutoCAD绘图的使用和教学,笔者提出了自己的一些高效管理AutoCAD图形,提高绘图效率的方法.

  13. AutoCAD platform customization autolisp

    CERN Document Server

    Ambrosius, Lee

    2014-01-01

    Customize and personalize programs built on the AutoCAD platform AutoLISP is the key to unlocking the secrets of a more streamlined experience using industry leading software programs like AutoCAD, Civil 3D, Plant 3D, and more. AutoCAD Platform Customization: AutoLISP provides real-world examples that show you how to do everything from modifying graphical objects and reading and setting system variables to communicating with external programs. It also features a resources appendix and downloadable datasets and customization examples-tools that ensure swift and easy adoption. Find out how to r

  14. AutoCAD 2014 for dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Fane, Bill

    2013-01-01

    Find your way around AutoCAD 2014 with this full-color, For Dummies guide!Put away that pencil and paper and start putting the power of AutoCAD 2014 to work in your CAD projects and designs. From setting up your drawing environment to using text, dimensions, hatching, and more, this guide walks you through AutoCAD basics and provides you with a solid understanding of the latest CAD tools and techniques. You'll also benefit from the full-color illustrations that mirror exactly what you'll see on your AutoCAD 2014 screen and highlight the importance of AutoCAD's Mode

  15. Contractive De-noising Auto-encoder

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Fu-qiang; Wu, Yan; Zhao, Guo-dong; Zhang, Jun-Ming; Zhu, Ming; Bai, Jing

    2013-01-01

    Auto-encoder is a special kind of neural network based on reconstruction. De-noising auto-encoder (DAE) is an improved auto-encoder which is robust to the input by corrupting the original data first and then reconstructing the original input by minimizing the reconstruction error function. And contractive auto-encoder (CAE) is another kind of improved auto-encoder to learn robust feature by introducing the Frobenius norm of the Jacobean matrix of the learned feature with respect to the origin...

  16. AutoCAD platform customization VBA

    CERN Document Server

    Ambrosius, Lee

    2015-01-01

    Boost productivity and streamline your workflow with expert AutoCAD: VBA programming instruction AutoCAD Platform Customization: VBA is the definitive guide to personalizing AutoCAD and the various programs that run on the AutoCAD platform, including AutoCAD Architecture, Civil 3D, Plant 3D, and more. Written by an Autodesk insider with years of customization and programming experience, this book features detailed discussions backed by real-world examples and easy-to-follow tutorials that illustrate each step in the personalization process. Readers gain expert guidance toward managing layout

  17. Self-pollination and parthenocarpic ability in developing ovaries of self-incompatible Clementine mandarins (Citrus clementina).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mesejo, Carlos; Yuste, Roberto; Martínez-Fuentes, Amparo; Reig, Carmina; Iglesias, Domingo J; Primo-Millo, Eduardo; Agustí, Manuel

    2013-05-01

    This study aimed to determine if self-pollination is needed to trigger facultative parthenocarpy in self-incompatible Clementine mandarins (Citrus clementina Hort. ex Tan.). 'Marisol' and 'Clemenules' mandarins were selected, and self-pollinated and un-pollinated flowers from both cultivars were used for comparison. These mandarins are always seedless after self-pollination and show high and low ability to develop substantial parthenocarpic fruits, respectively. The time-course for pollen grain germination, tube growth and ovule abortion was analyzed as well as that for carbohydrates, active gibberellins (GA1 and GA4 ), auxin (IAA) and abscisic acid (ABA) content in the ovary. 'Clemenules' showed higher pollen grain germination, but pollen tube development was arrested in the upper style 9 days after pollination in both cultivars. Self-pollination did not stimulate parthenocarpy, whereas both un-pollinated and self-pollinated ovaries set fruit regardless of the cultivar. On the other hand, 'Marisol' un-pollinated flowers showed greater parthenocarpic ovary growth than 'Clemenules' un-pollinated flowers, i.e. higher ovule abortion rate (+21%), higher fruit set (+44%) and higher fruit weight (+50%). Further, the greater parthenocarpic ability of 'Marisol' paralleled higher levels of GA1 in the ovary (+34% at anthesis). 'Marisol' ovary also showed higher hexoses and starch mobilization, but lower ABA levels (-64% at anthesis). Self-pollination did not modify carbohydrates or GA content in the ovary compared to un-pollination. Results indicate that parthenocarpy in the Clementine mandarin is pollination-independent with its ability to set depending on the ovary hormone levels. These findings suggest that parthenocarpy in fertile self-incompatible mandarins is constitutively regulated. PMID:23002897

  18. Purchasing The American Auto Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Afalling giant is still huge There are reports that American Big Three are going to shut down 59 plants in this January to hold more cash for a supporting hand from the government. From the viewpoint of accountant practice and investment bank,it is the best time for local car producers to go abroad."Trapped American auto industry is much devalued and it is the best time for local producers

  19. AutoCAD platform customization user interface, AutoLISP, VBA, and beyond

    CERN Document Server

    Ambrosius, Lee

    2015-01-01

    Take control of AutoCAD to boost the speed, quality, and precision of your work Senior drafters and savvy users are increasingly taking AutoCAD customization out of the hands of system administrators, and taking control of their own workflow. In AutoCAD Platform Customization, Autodesk customization guru Lee Ambrosius walks you through a multitude of customization options using detailed tutorials and real-world examples applicable to AutoCAD, AutoCAD LT, Civil 3D, Plant 3D, and other programs built on the AutoCAD platform. By unleashing the full power of the software, you'll simplify and str

  20. AutoCAD到AutoCAD Mechanical的平滑过渡

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄皓

    2014-01-01

    AutoCAD Mechanical是AutoCAD面向机械行业的专业版,在行业内对AutoCAD具有全面优势。在2010版的环境下,阐述了AutoCAD Mechanical的新增功能、使用优势和操作技术,可以在较短时间内实现从AutoCAD到AutoCAD Mechanical使用的平滑过渡,实现工作效率与创新能力的倍增。

  1. Auto-JacoBin: Auto-encoder Jacobian Binary Hashing

    OpenAIRE

    Fu, Xiping; McCane, Brendan; Mills, Steven; Albert, Michael; Szymanski, Lech

    2016-01-01

    Binary codes can be used to speed up nearest neighbor search tasks in large scale data sets as they are efficient for both storage and retrieval. In this paper, we propose a robust auto-encoder model that preserves the geometric relationships of high-dimensional data sets in Hamming space. This is done by considering a noise-removing function in a region surrounding the manifold where the training data points lie. This function is defined with the property that it projects the data points nea...

  2. Methodische Verkenning Zelfrijdende Auto's en Bereikbaarheid

    OpenAIRE

    Snelder, M.; Van Arem, B.; Hoogendoorn, R.G.; Van Nes, R.

    2015-01-01

    De verwachting is dat de zelfrijdende auto op termijn gaat bijdragen aan het verbeteren van de doorstroming, de verkeersveiligheid en de leefbaarheid. Zodra de zelfrijdende auto een substantiële trend is, wordt deze meegenomen in de afwegingen voor nieuwe infrastructuur, onder andere via de Nationale Markt en Capaciteits-Analyse (NMCA). Om hier klaar voor te zijn is een verkenning uitgevoerd naar de manier waarop de bereikbaarheids- en doorstromingseffecten van zelfrijdende auto's met het LMS...

  3. Auto-encoders: reconstruction versus compression

    OpenAIRE

    Ollivier, Yann

    2014-01-01

    We discuss the similarities and differences between training an auto-encoder to minimize the reconstruction error, and training the same auto-encoder to compress the data via a generative model. Minimizing a codelength for the data using an auto-encoder is equivalent to minimizing the reconstruction error plus some correcting terms which have an interpretation as either a denoising or contractive property of the decoding function. These terms are related but not identical to those used in den...

  4. Brilliance Auto:Chinese, Global, Successful

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ As the only automobile sponsor of BOAO FORUM FOR ASIA in April 2004, Brilliance Auto had a great opportunity to show her 'New Zhonghua" sedan which is an upper-medium car with completely independent intellectual property rights and repre sents the independent development philosophy of Brilliance Auto and is especially made for business personnel. The development pattern of Zhonghua sedan set a brand new model in Chinese auto industry to utilize the global resources and talents and international division of labor in the international arena, and she has become a typical sample of independent brand sedans in the contemporary Chinese auto industry.

  5. Rate-Distortion Auto-Encoders

    OpenAIRE

    Giraldo, Luis G. Sanchez; Principe, Jose C.

    2013-01-01

    A rekindled the interest in auto-encoder algorithms has been spurred by recent work on deep learning. Current efforts have been directed towards effective training of auto-encoder architectures with a large number of coding units. Here, we propose a learning algorithm for auto-encoders based on a rate-distortion objective that minimizes the mutual information between the inputs and the outputs of the auto-encoder subject to a fidelity constraint. The goal is to learn a representation that is ...

  6. AutoProof: Auto-active Functional Verification of Object-oriented Programs

    OpenAIRE

    Tschannen, Julian; Furia, Carlo A.; Nordio, Martin; Polikarpova, Nadia

    2015-01-01

    Auto-active verifiers provide a level of automation intermediate between fully automatic and interactive: users supply code with annotations as input while benefiting from a high level of automation in the back-end. This paper presents AutoProof, a state-of-the-art auto-active verifier for object-oriented sequential programs with complex functional specifications. AutoProof fully supports advanced object-oriented features and a powerful methodology for framing and class invariants, which make...

  7. AutoCAD自动化控制器中执行AutoCAD命令

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邬昌明

    2001-01-01

    由于AutoCAD自动化(Automation)没有提供执行AutoCAD命令的方法,因此在利用自动化接口对AutoCAD进行二次开发时,不能直接执行AutoCAD软件自身提供的各种命令,本文提出了一种解决此问题的办法。

  8. Research on the Teaching Method of AutoCAD%AutoCAD教学方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王梅

    2012-01-01

    培养学生熟练地使用AutoCAD软件是一项重要的教学内容.结合在AutoCAD课程的教学实践,运用多种教学手段,创设合适的教学环境,激发学生对AutoCAD图形设计的兴趣,多方面结合进行AutoCAD教学.

  9. Integration and Comparison of Clementine and Lunar Prospector Data: Global Scale Multielement Analysis1 (Fe, Ti, and Th) of the Lunar Surface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chevrel, S. D.; Pinet, P. C.; Daydou, Y.; Feldman, W. C.

    2002-11-01

    In this paper, we present (1) a statistical analysis, based on a systematic clustering method, of a dataset integrating the global abundance maps of the three elements iron, titanium, and thorium derived from Clementine and Lunar Prospector and (2) a comparison of iron abundances between Clementine and Lunar Prospector. Homogeneous geologic units are compositionally characterized and spatially defined in relation to the major rock types sampled on the Moon. With the lowest abundances of Fe, Ti, and Th found on the Moon, the lunar highland terrains are quite homogeneous with two major large feldspathic units, one being slightly more mafic than the other. Two distinct regions with unique compositions are unambiguously identified: the Procellarum KREEP Terrane (PKT) and the South Pole-Aitken (SPA). The PKT, which includes all the units with Th abundances higher than 3.5 ppm (KREEP-rich materials), is delimited by an almost continuous ringlike unit. In particular, it includes the western nearside maria, except for Mare Humorum. With concentrations in Fe, Ti, and Th enhanced relative to the surrounding highlands, the South Pole-Aitken basin floor represents a large mafic anomaly on the far side, suggesting wide deposits of lower crust and possible mantle materials. However, due to indirect residual latitude effects in the CSR (Clementine spectral reflectance) measurements, iron abundances might have been overestimated in SPA, thus implying that crustal materials, rather than mantle materials, might represent the dominant contributor to the mafic component exposed on the basin floor.

  10. Variational Recurrent Auto-Encoders

    OpenAIRE

    Fabius, Otto; van Amersfoort, Joost R.

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we propose a model that combines the strengths of RNNs and SGVB: the Variational Recurrent Auto-Encoder (VRAE). Such a model can be used for efficient, large scale unsupervised learning on time series data, mapping the time series data to a latent vector representation. The model is generative, such that data can be generated from samples of the latent space. An important contribution of this work is that the model can make use of unlabeled data in order to facilitate supervised...

  11. AutoFocus Framework Documentation

    OpenAIRE

    Gaspar, Graça; Morgado, Luís; Neves, Pedro

    2009-01-01

    The work presented in this document is part of the project "AutoFocus: Adaptive Self-Improving Multi-Agent Systems" that is being developed at the research unit LabMAg, which objective is the implementation of multi-agent systems based on autonomous entities capable of self-optimized and adaptive behaviors. The notion of autonomic computation, like other notions that also imply pro-active computation, is based on autonomous entities that actively work to achieve their objectives and have t...

  12. AutoCAD 2015 and AutoCAD LT 2015 bible

    CERN Document Server

    Finkelstein, Ellen

    2014-01-01

    The perfect reference for all AutoCAD users AutoCAD 2015 and AutoCAD LT 2015 Bible is the book you want to have close at hand to answer those day-to-day questions about this industry-leading software. Author and Autodesk University instructor Ellen Finkelstein guides readers through AutoCAD 2015 and AutoCAD LT 2015 with clear, easy-to-understand instruction and hands-on tutorials that allow even total beginners to create a design on their very first day. Although simple and fundamental enough to be used by those new to CAD, the book is so comprehensive that even Autodesk power u

  13. Query auto completion in information retrieval

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fei Cai

    2016-01-01

    Query auto completion is an important feature embedded into today's search engines. It can help users formulate queries which other people have searched for when he/she finishes typing the query prefix. Today's most sophisticated query auto completion approaches are based on the collected query logs

  14. AutoCAD 2008 and AutoCAD LT 2008 Bible

    CERN Document Server

    Finkelstein, Ellen

    2011-01-01

    "Whether you're new to AutoCAD or a veteran, you will undoubtedly find this book to be an excellent resource."-- Abhi Singh, AutoCAD Product Manager, Autodesk, Inc.Here's the book that makes AutoCAD approachableEven the people at Autodesk look to Ellen Finkelstein for AutoCAD training, so who better to teach you about AutoCAD 2008? This comprehensive guide brings veterans up to speed on AutoCAD updates and takes novices from the basics to programming in AutoLISP(r) and VBA. Every feature is covered in a logical order, and with the Quick Start chapter, you'll be creating drawings on your very f

  15. Mapping and compositional analysis of mare basalts in the Aristarchus region of the Moon using Clementine data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The process of accurately defining and outlining mare basalt units is necessary for constraining the stratigraphy and ages of basalt units, which are used to determine the duration and the flux of lunar volcanism. We use a combination of Clementine's five-band ultraviolet/visible data and TiO2 and FeO abundance distribution maps to define homogenous mare basalt units and characterize their compositional variations (with maturity) in the Aristarchus region. With 20 groups of distinct mare basaltic soils identified using the method in this paper, six additional spectrally defined areas and five basaltic units are constructed, and their mineralogic quantization values provide new constraints on their temporal and spatial evolution. Our results indicate that the Aristarchus region has diverse basalt units and a complex history of volcanic evolution. We also demonstrate that the techniques, from which spectrally distinct mare basalts can be mapped, performed well in this study and can be confidently expanded to other mare regions of the Moon. (research papers)

  16. Geologic investigation and mapping of the Sinus Iridum quadrangle from Clementine, SELENE, and Chang’e-1 data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The objectives of lunar satellite remote sensing are to study lunar surface characteristics, inner structure, and its evolution history. The contents of TiO 2 and FeO are assessed from Clementine UV/VIS data for Sinus Iridum. The geologic stratigraphic units and crates are interpreted visually based on SELENE Terrain Camera (TC) images and the spatial resolution of which is up to 10 m. And the geologic ages of different stratigraphic units are calculated by the crater size-frequency distributions measurements. The gravity anomaly is generated from SELENE gravity model (SGM90d) to show its difference from Mare Imbrium. Furthermore, the thickness of lunar regolith is also derived from microwave radiometer data of Chang’e-1 satellite. Integrating these results, it shows that the Sinus Iridum is different from the Mare Imbrium in inner structure and surface sedimentation. And its history of subsidence, deposition, volcanism, and impact is described. It makes sense to the future soft-landing and sampling at potential Sinus Iridum by remote sensing geologic analysis.

  17. Aerial camera auto focusing system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xuan; Lan, Gongpu; Gao, Xiaodong; Liang, Wei

    2012-10-01

    Before the aerial photographic task, the cameras focusing work should be performed at first to compensate the defocus caused by the changes of the temperature, pressure etc. A new method of aerial camera auto focusing is proposed through traditional photoelectric self-collimation combined with image processing method. Firstly, the basic principles of optical self-collimation and image processing are introduced. Secondly, the limitations of the two are illustrated and the benefits of the new method are detailed. Then the basic principle, the system composition and the implementation of this new method are presented. Finally, the data collection platform is set up reasonably and the focus evaluation function curve is draw. The results showed that: the method can be used in the Aerial camera focusing field, adapt to the aviation equipment trends of miniaturization and lightweight .This paper is helpful to the further work of accurate and automatic focusing.

  18. Ace Auto's After-sale Adds Advantages

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan Manman

    2009-01-01

    @@ In the auto market,consumers often asked a question why the same car in the European and American market is cheaper than that in China.The key to this question lies in the difference of profit chains between European & American market and Chinese market.In the mature European or American market,the portion of profit from auto sales accounting for the total profit is comparatively small,and quite a large share of profit derives from the auto's after-sale service market.

  19. Generalizacija linija i AutoCAD Map

    OpenAIRE

    Vučetić, Nada; Lapaine, Miljenko

    2001-01-01

    The paper offers the results of original research made on the application of AutoCAD Map in line generalisation. The differences and similarities have been found out between the Douglas-Peucker method and the method of line simplification that is incorporated in AutoCAD Map. There have been also the inaccuracies found out in AutoCAD Map manual relating to the issues of buffer width and tolerance, and the line width before and after simplification. The paper gives recommendations about pseudo ...

  20. Line Generalization and AutoCAD Map

    OpenAIRE

    Nada Vučetić; Miljenko Lapaine

    2001-01-01

    The paper offers the results of original research made on the application of AutoCAD Map in line generalisation. The differences and similarities have been found out between the Douglas-Peucker method and the method of line simplification that is incorporated in AutoCAD Map. There have been also the inaccuracies found out in AutoCAD Map manual relating to the issues of buffer width and tolerance, and the line width before and after simplification. The paper gives recommendations about pseudo ...

  1. Bulimia e auto-mutilações

    OpenAIRE

    Miranda, Gilda Cristina Nunes de Paiva

    2012-01-01

    Diversos estudos sugerem uma associação entre Distúrbios Alimentares e Auto-Mutilações. A sua maioria foca principalmente a Anorexia Nervosa, deixando um vazio no que diz respeito à Bulimia Nervosa. Por outro lado, são várias as opiniões que defendem que as Auto-Mutilações ocorrem apenas em doentes com Distúrbio de Personalidade Borderline. Este trabalho de revisão visa preencher a lacuna no que diz respeito à ligação ente a Bulimia Nervosa e Comportamentos Auto-Lesivos, incluindo Comportamen...

  2. Analisis Perancangan Sistem Informasi Penjualan pada PT. Speedline Auto Showroom

    OpenAIRE

    Hutabarat, Elfina Yunita

    2015-01-01

    This research was conductedatPT. SpeedlineAutoShowroomwhichaims to determinewhether thesalesinformationsystemonPT. SpeedlineAutoShowroomisoperating effectivelyandefficiently. Thisresearchis thedata sourcedocumentsrelated to thesale ofthe system. Collecting datathrough interviews, document studyonPT. SpeedlineAutoShowroom.The data collectedwere analyzedwithdescriptivequalitativetechniques. From theresults ofthis study indicatethat thesales information systemonPT. SpeedlineAutoShowro...

  3. AutoCAD的应用小技巧

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯红松

    2011-01-01

    通过对AutoCAD多年的使用及总结,摸索出AutoCAD使用中的几点应用小技巧.本文主要介绍了AutoCAD中倒角及圆角的处理、AutoCAD表格制作、在Word文档中插入AutoCAD图形、AutoCAD图形的打印技巧及AutoCAD选择技巧六种应用技巧.

  4. AutoCAD 2014 review for certification official certification preparation

    CERN Document Server

    ASCENT center for technical knowledge

    2014-01-01

    The AutoCAD® 2014 Review for Certification book is intended for users of AutoCAD® preparing to complete the AutoCAD 2014 Certified Professional exam. This book contains a collection of relevant instructional topics, practice exercises, and review questions from the Autodesk Official Training Guides (AOTG) from ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge pertaining specifically to the Certified Professional exam topics and objectives. This book is intended for experienced users of AutoCAD in preparation for certification. New users of AutoCAD should refer to the AOTG training guides from ASCENT, such as AutoCAD/AutoCAD LT 2014 Fundamentals, for more comprehensive instruction.

  5. Development of ATSR (Auto Thermal Steam Reformer)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    'Full text:' Auto-thermal reformers are used popularly for fuel cell vehicle because they are compact and can start up quickly. On the other hand, steam reformers are used for stationary fuel cell power plant because they are good thermal efficiency. While, there are many cases using the auto- thermal reformer for stationary use with expectation of cost reduction in USA, as well. However, they are still insufficient for its durability, compactness and cost. We have been developing the new type of fuel processing system that is auto-thermal steam reformer (ATSR), which is hybrid of a conventional steam reformer (STR) and a conventional auto-thermal reformer (ATR). In this study, some proto-type of ATSR for field test were designed, tried manufacturing and tested performance and durability. And we have tried to operate with fuel cell stack to evaluate the system interface performance, that is, operability and controllability. (author)

  6. Range-Based Auto-Focus Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Maracel Systems and Software Technologies, LLC proposes a revolutionary Range-Based Auto Focus (RBAF) system that will combine externally input range, such as might...

  7. AutoCAD 2013 and AutoCAD LT 2013 bible

    CERN Document Server

    Finkelstein, Ellen

    2012-01-01

    The bestselling guide to AutoCAD, fully updated for the 2013 version AutoCAD, the number one architectural drawing software, can be challenging to learn. This comprehensive guide has sold more than 160,000 copies in previous editions and is the go-to resource for architects, engineers, drafters, interior designers, and space planners who need to learn and use AutoCAD and AutoCAD LT. From the basics of creating drawings and using commands to 2D and 3D drawing techniques, using layers, rendering, and customizing the program, this book covers it all. A Quick Start guide allows eve

  8. AutoMap & AutoLink: Tools for Communicating Complex & DynamicData-Structures using MPI

    OpenAIRE

    Goujon, Delphine; Michel, Martial; Peeters, Jasper; Devaney, Judith Ellen

    1998-01-01

    This article describes two software tools, AutoMap and AutoLink, that facilitate the use of data-structures in MPI. AutoMap is a program that parses a file of user-defined data-structures and generates new MPI types out of basic and previously defined MPI data-types. Our software tool automatically handles specialized error checking related to memory mapping. AutoLink is an MPI library that allows the transfert of complex, dynimacally linked, and possibly heterogeneous structures through MPI....

  9. NDRC Issued Opinions to Regulate Auto Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ In view of the surplus of China's auto in dustry production capacity, and the situation may get intensified, the National Development and Reform Commission(NDRC) recently issued the implementation opinions for auto industry to deal with the surplus of production capacity, and expedite the structural adjustment based on the relevant dispose of the State Council's notice about expediting the structural adjustment of the industries with surplus production capacity.

  10. PLC Based Hydraulic Auto Ladle System

    OpenAIRE

    Amogh Tayade; Anuja Chitre

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we have implemented a PLC based Hydraulic Auto Ladle System for Casting Department of Victory Precisions Pvt. Ltd. Chakan, Pune. This project work presents the study and design of PLC based Hydraulic Auto Ladle System. Aluminium pouring is the key process in Casting and Forging industry. Different products are manufactured by the company for automobile sector using aluminium. Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) is used for the automation of pouring process. Au...

  11. Auto-associative nanoelectronic neural network

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, an auto-associative neural network using single-electron tunneling (SET) devices is proposed and simulated at low temperature. The nanoelectronic auto-associative network is able to converge to a stable state, previously stored during training. The recognition of the pattern involves decreasing the energy of the input state until it achieves a point of local minimum energy, which corresponds to one of the stored patterns

  12. AutoCAD-To-NASTRAN Translator Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, A.

    1989-01-01

    Program facilitates creation of finite-element mathematical models from geometric entities. AutoCAD to NASTRAN translator (ACTON) computer program developed to facilitate quick generation of small finite-element mathematical models for use with NASTRAN finite-element modeling program. Reads geometric data of drawing from Data Exchange File (DXF) used in AutoCAD and other PC-based drafting programs. Written in Microsoft Quick-Basic (Version 2.0).

  13. Computing Mass Properties From AutoCAD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, A.

    1990-01-01

    Mass properties of structures computed from data in drawings. AutoCAD to Mass Properties (ACTOMP) computer program developed to facilitate quick calculations of mass properties of structures containing many simple elements in such complex configurations as trusses or sheet-metal containers. Mathematically modeled in AutoCAD or compatible computer-aided design (CAD) system in minutes by use of three-dimensional elements. Written in Microsoft Quick-Basic (Version 2.0).

  14. Auto-associative nanoelectronic neural network

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nogueira, C. P. S. M.; Guimarães, J. G. [Departamento de Engenharia Elétrica - Laboratório de Dispositivos e Circuito Integrado, Universidade de Brasília, CP 4386, CEP 70904-970 Brasília DF (Brazil)

    2014-05-15

    In this paper, an auto-associative neural network using single-electron tunneling (SET) devices is proposed and simulated at low temperature. The nanoelectronic auto-associative network is able to converge to a stable state, previously stored during training. The recognition of the pattern involves decreasing the energy of the input state until it achieves a point of local minimum energy, which corresponds to one of the stored patterns.

  15. Research on the Distribution and Content of Water Ice in Lunar Pole Regions Using Clementine UVVI S Data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhiguo Meng; Shengbo Chen; Peng Lu; Zijun Wang; Yi Lian; Chao Zhou

    2011-01-01

    Interest in the Moon started to increase at the beginning of the 21st century,and henceforth,more and more attention has been paid to the content and distribution of water ice in the lunar polar regions.The existence of water or ice in the regolith can apparently change its dielectric features.Therefore,in this article,the Dobson model is adopted and improved according to the Moon's environmental features,to construct the relationship between the volumetric water ice content and the dielectric constant.Thereafter,a lunar regolith dielectric distribution map is generated based on the improved Dobson model and the Clementine UVVIS data.The map indicates that the imaginary part of the dielectric constants in the lunar mare is much higher than that in the highlands.However,the maximum dielectric constants occur at the north- and south-pole regions,whose values are apparently bigger than those in the middle and low latitudes.Then,an abnormal map of the dielectric constant is gained if the threshold is put as 0.053 7,which is the highest value in the middle and low latitudes.The statistical results indicate that the number of abnormal pixels is 110 596,and the average is about 0.057 9.Assuming that the mean dielectric constant in the lunar mare is the normal dielectric constant at the south and north poles and ε1=11.58+i0.057 9 is the abnormal one,the volumetric water ice content can be evaluated using the advanced Dobson model.The results show that the average volumetric water ice content is about 1.64%,and the total area is about 25 294 km2,where 10 956 km2 belongs to the north pole and the rest is in the south pole.

  16. Assessment of heavy metal contamination, levels in topsoil at selected auto-workshops in Accra, Ghana

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The research was conducted to assess the levels of contamination of heavy metals in the topsoil at selected auto-workshops in Accra to determine the anthropogenic and crustal contributions and the human heath risk associated with them. Soil samples collected from four auto-workshops were analysed using Atomic Absorption Spectrometer. Eleven (11) elements: Co, Fe, Cu, Mn, Cr, As, Hg, Zn, Pb, Ni, and Cd were identified in each sample collected from the auto-workshops. Pollution indices; contamintion factor (Cf) index of geoaccumulation (Igeo) and pollution load index (PLI) were used to assess the contamination levels. It revealed the extent of contamination at the auto-workshops for most of the elements which range from low to considerate contamintion. Lead (Pb) recorded the greatest contamination levels at the auto-electrical location. The results from the index of geoccumulation showed no pollution to highly pollution indicting high variations of pollution levels at different locations. The results of the PLI in almost all locations ranged from moderately to extremely polluted. Noncancer effect on children and adults due to exposure to the topsoil were also estimated with some selected metal elements. The hazard quotient (HQ) evaluation, showed ingestion to be the route of exposure to soil dust that results in a higher risk for heavy metals, followed by dermal contact. The effect due to inhalation of resuspended dust particles through the mouth and nose is relatively low. It was observed that, the auto-workshops are generally polluted with heavy metals and therefore posing ill-health effect to the humans and the environment. (au)

  17. New perspectives on auto propane

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In spite of the high level of propane use in vehicles in North America (relative to the use of compressed natural gas (CNG) or methanol), the alternate-fuel research and development activities of original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) are focusing on methanol, CNG, and electric vehicles. If OEM indifference to propane continues, propane vehicles will continue to be available only in after-market conversions, denying propane the benefits of OEM mass-production economics, quality control, retail distribution, and other factors. Recent developments in auto propane are reported which should be considered by OEMs and policymakers to allow propane to enter the mass-scale motor vehicle market. Propane and the liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) mix used as a motor vehicle fuel are often regarded as just a byproduct of natural gas production and oil refining, giving the impression that propane/LPG will not be available in sufficient quantities to support a mass market. It is shown that LPG supply is market-responsive and that over 20 billion gal of new supply could be made available from North American sources by the year 2000 and over 27 billion gal by 2005, sufficient to supply 12.5% of the projected North American vehicle fleet in 2005. The new supply would come from incremental expansion of existing production, displacement of LPG from lower-value uses, and LPG synthesis. The environmental performance of propane/LPG engines is also compared to that of engines running on gasoline, natural gas, and methanol. Advantages of LPG over gasoline include lower carbon content and lower CO emissions, and advantages over CNG arise from the high greenhouse gas activity and long life of methane. 12 figs

  18. AutoCAD 2012 and AutoCAD LT 2012 Bible

    CERN Document Server

    Finkelstein, Ellen

    2011-01-01

    The latest version of this perennial favorite, in-depth, reference-tutorial This top-selling book has been updated by AutoCAD guru and author Ellen Finkelstein to provide you with the very latest coverage of both AutoCAD 2012 and AutoCAD LT 2012. It begins with a Quick Start tutorial, so you start creating right away. From there, the book covers so much in-depth material on AutoCAD that it is said that even Autodesk employees keep this comprehensive book at their desks. A DVD is included that features before-and-after drawings of all the tutorials and plenty of great examples from AutoCAD prof

  19. AutoCAD platform customization user interface and beyond

    CERN Document Server

    Ambrosius, Lee

    2014-01-01

    Make AutoCAD your own with powerful personalization options Options for AutoCAD customization are typically the domain of administrators, but savvy users can perform their own customizations to personalize AutoCAD. Until recently, most users never thought to customize the AutoCAD platform to meet their specific needs, instead leaving it to administrators. If you are an AutoCAD user who wants to ramp up personalization options in your favorite software, AutoCAD Platform Customization: User Interface and Beyond is the perfect resource for you. Author Lee Ambrosius is recognized as a leader in Au

  20. AutoCAD Civil 3D - Survey

    OpenAIRE

    Luketić, Antonio; Padovan, Ivan

    2011-01-01

    AutoCAD Civil 3D je vrlo kompleksan i napredan program za geodeziju i građevinarstvo. Survey izbornik predstavlja mali dio tog softvera. U programu je sadržana mogućnost kreiranja vlastitih kodova kao i naredbi kojima možemo ubrzati vizualizaciju izmjerenih objekata. Njegovim korištenjem se znatno skraćuje vrijeme obrade podataka. Članak je napisan na temelju jednostavnog, ali korisnog primjera kojime smo željeli upoznati čitatelje s prilično nepoznatom aplikacijom koju nudi AutoCAD Civil 3D....

  1. Parallel auto-correlative statistics with VTK.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pebay, Philippe Pierre [Kitware, France; Bennett, Janine Camille

    2013-08-01

    This report summarizes existing statistical engines in VTK and presents both the serial and parallel auto-correlative statistics engines. It is a sequel to [PT08, BPRT09b, PT09, BPT09, PT10] which studied the parallel descriptive, correlative, multi-correlative, principal component analysis, contingency, k-means, and order statistics engines. The ease of use of the new parallel auto-correlative statistics engine is illustrated by the means of C++ code snippets and algorithm verification is provided. This report justifies the design of the statistics engines with parallel scalability in mind, and provides scalability and speed-up analysis results for the autocorrelative statistics engine.

  2. AutoCAD 2015 and AutoCAD LT 2015 essentials

    CERN Document Server

    Onstott, Scott

    2014-01-01

    Step-by-step instructions for the AutoCAD fundamentals AutoCAD 2015 Essentials contains 400 pages of full-color, comprehensive instruction on the world's top drafting and architecture software. This 2015 edition features architectural, manufacturing, and landscape architecture examples. And like previous editions, the detailed guide introduces core concepts using interactive tutorials and open-ended projects, which can be completed in any order, thanks to downloadable data sets (an especially useful feature for students and professionals studying for Autodesk AutoCAD certification). Unlike man

  3. AutoCAD 2012 and AutoCAD LT 2012 No Experience Required

    CERN Document Server

    Gladfelter, Donnie

    2011-01-01

    The perfect step-by-step introduction to Autodesk's powerful architectural design software With this essential guide, you'll learn how to plan, develop, document, and present a complete AutoCAD project by building a summer cabin from start to finish. You can follow each step sequentially or jump in at any point by downloading the drawing files from the book's companion web site. You'll also master all essential AutoCAD features, get a thorough grounding in the basics, learn the very latest industry standards and techniques, and quickly become productive with AutoCAD 2012.Features concise expla

  4. AutoDock4 and AutoDockTools4: Automated Docking with Selective Receptor Flexibility

    OpenAIRE

    Morris, Garrett M.; Huey, Ruth; Lindstrom, William; Sanner, Michel F.; Belew, Richard K.; Goodsell, David S.; Olson, Arthur J.

    2009-01-01

    We describe the testing and release of AutoDock4 and the accompanying graphical user interface AutoDockTools. AutoDock4 incorporates limited flexibility in the receptor. Several tests are reported here, including a redocking experiment with 188 diverse ligand-protein complexes and a cross-docking experiment using flexible sidechains in 87 HIV protease complexes. We also report its utility in analysis of covalently-bound ligands, using both a grid-based docking method and a modification of the...

  5. Auto-Guiding System for CQUEAN (Camera for QUasars in EArly uNiverse)

    CERN Document Server

    Kim, Eunbin; Jeong, Hyenju; Kim, Jinyoung; Kuehne, John; Kim, Dong Han; Kim, Han Geun; Odons, Peter S; Chang, Seunghyuk; Im, Myungshin; Pak, Soojong

    2011-01-01

    To perform imaging observation of optically red objects such as high redshift quasars and brown dwarfs, the Center for the Exploration of the Origin of the Universe (CEOU) recently developed an optical CCD camera, Camera for QUasars in EArly uNiverse(CQUEAN), which is sensitive at 0.7-1.1 um. To enable observations with long exposures, we developed an auto-guiding system for CQUEAN. This system consist of an off-axis mirror, a baffle, a CCD camera, a motor and a differential decelerator. To increase the number of available guiding stars, we designed a rotating mechanism for the off-axis guiding camera. The guiding field can be scammed along the 10 acrmin ring offset from the optical axis of the telescope. Combined with the auto-guiding software of the McDonald Observatory, we confirmed that a stable image can be obtained with an exposure time as long as 1200 seconds.

  6. AutoCAD教学方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王梅

    2012-01-01

    培养学生熟练地使用AutoCAD软件是一项重要的教学内容。结合在AutoCAD课程的教学实践,运用多种教学手段,创设合适的教学环境,激发学生对AutoCAD图形设计的兴趣,多方面结合进行AutoCAD教学。

  7. 浅谈工程软件AutoCAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庄文强

    2015-01-01

    熟悉 AutoCAD 制图软件的基本操作,了解工程制图绘制的格式和基本要求,加强应用 AutoCAD 绘制二维工程图纸的能力,运用AutoCAD到实际工程项目中,让AutoCAD惠及更多的人。

  8. Scoring and Classifying with Gated Auto-encoders

    OpenAIRE

    Im, Daniel Jiwoong; Taylor, Graham W.

    2014-01-01

    Auto-encoders are perhaps the best-known non-probabilistic methods for representation learning. They are conceptually simple and easy to train. Recent theoretical work has shed light on their ability to capture manifold structure, and drawn connections to density modelling. This has motivated researchers to seek ways of auto-encoder scoring, which has furthered their use in classification. Gated auto-encoders (GAEs) are an interesting and flexible extension of auto-encoders which can learn tr...

  9. China FAW Participates in The China Auto International (Syria) Tour

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wu; Yan; Che; Qiang

    2006-01-01

      At the beginning of the new year,a new message was released from the Organization Committee of China Auto International Tour - China FAW Group Corporation and China League of Machinery Industry will jointly sponsor the 4nd China Auto International(Syria) Tour. This is the first time that the giant state-owned auto enterprise participates in the sponsor of international auto exhibition.……

  10. China FAW Participates in The China Auto International (Syria) Tour

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wu Yan; Che Qiang

    2006-01-01

    @@ At the beginning of the new year,a new message was released from the Organization Committee of China Auto International Tour - China FAW Group Corporation and China League of Machinery Industry will jointly sponsor the 4nd China Auto International(Syria) Tour. This is the first time that the giant state-owned auto enterprise participates in the sponsor of international auto exhibition.

  11. GLOBAL Auto Shows Boom in 2007

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ China's independent brands have been booming in recent years when the country's auto industry has seen a rapid growth. They have attracted the global attention, but still need to upgrade constantly whether in technology or business performance in order to strengthen their presence in the global market and become internationalized.

  12. Conversations with AutoTutor Help Students Learn

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graesser, Arthur C.

    2016-01-01

    AutoTutor helps students learn by holding a conversation in natural language. AutoTutor is adaptive to the learners' actions, verbal contributions, and in some systems their emotions. Many of AutoTutor's conversation patterns simulate human tutoring, but other patterns implement ideal pedagogies that open the door to computer tutors eclipsing…

  13. Efficiency calibration of solid track spark auto counter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The factors influencing detection efficiency of solid track spark auto counter were analyzed, and the best etch condition and parameters of charge were also reconfirmed. With small plate fission ionization chamber, the efficiency of solid track spark auto counter at various experiment assemblies was re-calibrated. The efficiency of solid track spark auto counter at various experimental conditions was obtained. (authors)

  14. 46 CFR 78.19-1 - Use of auto pilot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Use of auto pilot. 78.19-1 Section 78.19-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) PASSENGER VESSELS OPERATIONS Auto Pilot § 78.19-1 Use of auto pilot. Except as provided in 33 CFR 164.15, when the automatic pilot is used in—...

  15. 46 CFR 97.16-1 - Use of auto pilot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Use of auto pilot. 97.16-1 Section 97.16-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) CARGO AND MISCELLANEOUS VESSELS OPERATIONS Auto Pilot § 97.16-1 Use of auto pilot. Except as provided in 33 CFR 164.15, when the automatic pilot is...

  16. Taking Year-end Inventory on China's Auto Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ From November 10 to 11, the 6th Annual China Auto Industry Development Summit, and Analysis and Survey on the China Auto Industry and Auto Parts Market for 2008, was held at the Beijing Central Garden Hotel. The event was co-sponsored by the China Machinery Industry Federation and the Liaoning Provincial Economic and Reform Commission.

  17. Auto Industry:The Wolf at the Door

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUANPENG

    2004-01-01

    Since China's accession into the WTO at the end of 2001, global auto giants have been re-shaping China's auto industry. When we analyze the changes in competitors' strategies, we find they have been intentionally controlling China's auto industry step by step,from whole vehicle manufacturing to distribution and parts supply.

  18. Challenges and Opportunities for China's Auto Industry Amid Crisis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Zhen

    2009-01-01

    @@ Adversely affected by the international financial crisis,China's auto exports suffered a huge loss.It is reported that China's auto exports have declined for 12 consecutive months since August 2008 because of a big contraction in the international auto market due to the financial crisis.

  19. Rational Thoughts on the Development of Chinese Auto Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shao Qihui

    2004-01-01

    @@ In order to keep the steady, fast and sustainable development of auto industry, we should have an overall knowledge of the history and current situation of the world auto industry, and have a correct strategic planning and scientific measures towards the Chinese auto industry.

  20. FOTON Motor Crowns 4th China Auto International Circuit Exhibition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wu; Yan

    2005-01-01

      In order to provide more opportuni ties for the high-developing Chinese auto industry including autos and motos to do export, and to enlarge the international influence of Chinese cars,the 4th China Auto International Circuit Exhibition will be held in Syria. The exhibition has been held for three times.……

  1. FOTON Motor Crowns 4th China Auto International Circuit Exhibition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wu Yan

    2005-01-01

    @@ In order to provide more opportuni ties for the high-developing Chinese auto industry including autos and motos to do export, and to enlarge the international influence of Chinese cars,the 4th China Auto International Circuit Exhibition will be held in Syria. The exhibition has been held for three times.

  2. <原著>Auto-Tomographyの頭頚部への臨床応用

    OpenAIRE

    輪島,隆博/田岡,賢二/池田,博人/竹腰,光男/大西,隆/金子,昌幸; ワジマ,タカヒロ/タオカ,ケンジ/イケダ,ヒロト/タケコシ,ミツオ/ホソカワ,ヨウイチロウ/タカノ,ヒデアキ/ヨネタ,シュウコ/カネコ,マサユキ; WAJIMA,Takahiro/TAOKA,Kenji/IKEDA,Hiroto/TAKEKOSHI,Mitsuo/HOSOKAWA,Yoichiro/TAKANO,Hideaki/YONETA,Shuko/KANEKO,Masayuki

    1984-01-01

    Auto-tomography was attempted using a conventional X-ray equipment to faciliate the diagnosis of TMJ diseases. Tomograms obtained with this method demonstrated sufficient images, although they were inferior to those obtained with conventional tomography. Screen type X-ray films and rare earth element type intensifying screen were used. To remove the scattering X-rays, Grodel effect was applied without using a grid. The exposure dose were less than 1/4 compared to that of conventional tomograp...

  3. RENAL AND HEMATOLOGIC EFFECTS OF ORGANIC SOLVENTS IN IRAQI AUTO REPAIR SHOPS WORKERS WITHIN BAGHDAD DISTRICT AREA

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmad T. Numan

    2013-01-01

    The present study was designed to evaluate the expected impact of exposure to car painting solvents on renal and hematological functions in Iraqi car painting workers relative to the duration of exposure within Baghdad District area. Blood samples were obtained from randomly selected auto repair workers and analyzed for serum urea, creatinine and hematological markers and compared with those from non-exposed subjects. Although significant changes were reported in most of the tested parameters...

  4. AutoCAD MEP 2009 Anpassad verktygspalett

    OpenAIRE

    Johansson, Magnus; Klasa, Thomas

    2009-01-01

    Rapporten handlar om examensprojektet som utförts av Magnus Johansson och Thomas Klasa under våren 2009. Man har under åtta veckors tid arbetat med att hjälpa företaget LBElkonsult AB i Mölndal med att ta fram en specialanpassad verktygspalett i datorprogrammet AutoCAD MEP 2009. I rapporten finns de olika steg som genomförts för att nå det önskade slutresultatet. Allt från förstudier och själva arbetet i AutoCAD MEP 2009 till finjusteringarna som avslutningsvis gjordes på den blivande slutpro...

  5. Programiranje u AutoCAD-u (C#)

    OpenAIRE

    Glasinovic, Frane

    2011-01-01

    Programski paket AutoCAD ima veliki broj ugrađenih alata pa biste pomislili da u AutoCAD-u postoje funkcije za sve što vam padne na pamet. To je donekle i istina, ali ponekad ćete se naći u situaciji da ugrađeni alati jednostavni nisu ono što tražite. Nekada ćete poželjeti automatizirati ponavljajući proces ili pristupiti rješavanju problema na način koji više odgovara specifičnim okolnostima. U ovakvim slučajevima znanje iz programiranja biti će više nego dobrodošlo. U samo par linija ...

  6. AutoCAD-To-GIFTS Translator Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Andrew

    1989-01-01

    AutoCAD-to-GIFTS translator program, ACTOG, developed to facilitate quick generation of small finite-element models using CASA/GIFTS finite-element modeling program. Reads geometric data of drawing from Data Exchange File (DXF) used in AutoCAD and other PC-based drafting programs. Geometric entities recognized by ACTOG include points, lines, arcs, solids, three-dimensional lines, and three-dimensional faces. From this information, ACTOG creates GIFTS SRC file, which then reads into GIFTS preprocessor BULKM or modified and reads into EDITM to create finite-element model. SRC file used as is or edited for any number of uses. Written in Microsoft Quick-Basic (Version 2.0).

  7. Sensor Validation Using Auto associative Neural Network

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sensor Validation Using Auto associative Neural Network. Sensor signal accuration plays a significant role in safety and operation of a nuclear reactor. These sensor performance could be decline even become totally fault when the reactor in operation. This paper demonstrates the application of auto associative neural network (AANN) to validate signals from various correlated sensor so that the sensor performance deterioration can be earlier detected. An AANN model produces predicted signal, which is used as a measured signal validator. The faulty of a sensor will not disturb the reactor operation since the predicted signal can be used as redundant signal and replace the faulty signal. This method is applied to a set of data from Borselle Nuclear Power Plant and corresponds to various operation modes. Result showed that the system could be used to detect 3% drift on one of the input channel. (author)

  8. Gamma ray auto absorption correction evaluation methodology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Neutron activation analysis (NAA) is a well established nuclear technique, suited to investigate the microstructural or elemental composition and can be applied to studies of a large variety of samples. The work with large samples involves, beside the development of large irradiation devices with well know neutron field characteristics, the knowledge of perturbing phenomena and adequate evaluation of correction factors like: neutron self shielding, extended source correction, gamma ray auto absorption. The objective of the works presented in this paper is to validate an appropriate methodology for gamma ray auto absorption correction evaluation for large inhomogeneous samples. For this purpose a benchmark experiment has been defined - a simple gamma ray transmission experiment, easy to be reproduced. The gamma ray attenuation in pottery samples has been measured and computed using MCNP5 code. The results show a good agreement between the computed and measured values, proving that the proposed methodology is able to evaluate the correction factors. (authors)

  9. RENAL AND HEMATOLOGIC EFFECTS OF ORGANIC SOLVENTS IN IRAQI AUTO REPAIR SHOPS WORKERS WITHIN BAGHDAD DISTRICT AREA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad T. Numan

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The present study was designed to evaluate the expected impact of exposure to car painting solvents on renal and hematological functions in Iraqi car painting workers relative to the duration of exposure within Baghdad District area. Blood samples were obtained from randomly selected auto repair workers and analyzed for serum urea, creatinine and hematological markers and compared with those from non-exposed subjects. Although significant changes were reported in most of the tested parameters, all were within the accepted normal ranges. In conclusion, Iraqi workers in auto repair shops did not reveal potential renal and hematologic toxicity due to occupational exposure to solvents used in car painting. However, due to sample size limitation, further larger studies are recommended.

  10. La demande de soins curatifs, l'auto-protection et l'auto-assurance

    OpenAIRE

    Razgallah, Mohamed Anouar

    2004-01-01

    En utilisant un modèle bivarié de décision dans le risque qui sépare les pertes financières des pertes de santé, nous analysons la demande de soins curatifs présentant un risque de santé ainsi que les déterminants du problème de surconsommation de soins. Nous étudions également la demande d'auto-protection et la demande d'auto-assurance ainsi que l'impact de l'aversion au risque sur chacune de ces deux demandes.

  11. Theory and practice of Auto CAD, computer graphics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book describes theory and practice of Auto CAD, computer graphics, which deals with peripheral of computer, occurrence of digital line by DDA, BRM, theory of conversion, data base and display and shape modeling. This book gives descriptions of outline of CAD system, Auto CAD, basic function practice, simple figure practice, the third angle projection drawing a little complex single object, machine drawing I, function practice of improved Auto CAD, edit, set up layer, and 3D, and 3D display function.

  12. Creation of a Deep Convolutional Auto-Encoder in Caffe

    OpenAIRE

    Turchenko, Volodymyr; Luczak, Artur

    2015-01-01

    The development of a deep (stacked) convolutional auto-encoder in the Caffe deep learning framework is presented in this paper. We describe simple principles which we used to create this model in Caffe. The proposed model of convolutional auto-encoder does not have pooling/unpooling layers yet. The results of our experimental research show comparable accuracy of dimensionality reduction in comparison with a classic auto-encoder on the example of MNIST dataset.

  13. FOTON Auto: Fish Pound Generates Successful Overseas Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ The rapid development of Chinese auto industry has led to an escalated boom of the independent brands of Chinese auto industry, as well as a success in the overseas market. Especially in the fields of the business cars, thanks to the abundant experiences accumulated during the past 50 years and the mature products, Chinese auto industry has won some comparative advantages in the international market.

  14. FOTON Auto: Fish Pound Generates Successful Overseas Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

      The rapid development of Chinese auto industry has led to an escalated boom of the independent brands of Chinese auto industry, as well as a success in the overseas market. Especially in the fields of the business cars, thanks to the abundant experiences accumulated during the past 50 years and the mature products, Chinese auto industry has won some comparative advantages in the international market.……

  15. 3D Surface Morphology Measurement and Auto-focusing System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Qi; ZANG Huai-pei

    2005-01-01

    When interference microscope measures the surface rough of the micromechanical device, as soon as the work distance of interference microscope and the depth of field is shortened, the interference images become slur for the measured object if there has small interference after clear focus. The auto-focusing system is introduced into the interference microscope, the system can obtain high definition interference image rapidly,and can improve the measuring velocity and measuring precision. The system is characterized by auto-focusing range of ±150 μm, auto-focusing precision of ±0.3 μm, auto-focusing time of 4~8 s.

  16. Stable auto-equivalences for local symmetric algebras

    OpenAIRE

    Dugas, Alex

    2014-01-01

    We construct nontrivial auto-equivalences of stable module categories for elementary, local symmetric algebras over a field k. These auto-equivalences are modeled after the spherical twists of Seidel and Thomas and the $\\mathbb{P}^n$-twists of Huybrechts and Thomas, which yield auto-equivalences of the derived category of coherent sheaves on a variety. For group algebras of p-groups in characteristic p we recover many of the auto-equivalences corresponding to endo-trivial modules. We also obt...

  17. Shape Analysis Using the Auto Diffusion Function

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gebal, Katarzyna; Bærentzen, Jakob Andreas; Aanæs, Henrik;

    2009-01-01

    Scalar functions defined on manifold triangle meshes is a starting point for many geometry processing algorithms such as mesh parametrization, skeletonization, and segmentation. In this paper, we propose the Auto Diffusion Function (ADF) which is a linear combination of the eigenfunctions of the...... controlled by a single parameter which can be interpreted as feature scale, and, finally, the ADF is invariant to rigid and isometric deformations. We describe the ADF and its properties in detail and compare it to other choices of scalar functions on manifolds. As an example of an application, we present a...

  18. Auto-communicating micro-orientalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ren, Carina Bregnholm; Ooi, Can-Seng

    2013-01-01

    Using the concepts of auto-communication and micro-Orientalism, this article argues that nation branding at World Expos produces and propagates notions of difference and Otherness. We examine how Denmark presents itself in China, and how the message inevitably tells how the Danish authorities view...... the Chinese. Using the Danish ‘Welfairytales’ pavilion at the 2010 World Expo in Shanghai, we show how the national self is performed in two versions. One attempts to communicate ‘the good Danish life’ to the Danes themselves, while the other claims Occidental superiority. The case shows how the Danish...

  19. AutoCAD的三维设计技术研究%3D design in AutoCAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴春燕; 陈兵

    2005-01-01

    通过对在 AutoCAD中进行三维图形设计工作示控制、建模、编辑、着色和渲染的介绍,展示了 AutoCAD 2002版本中增强的三维绘图功能,为众多的 AutoCAD用户提供了一种三维设计的思路.

  20. Investigating the Simulink Auto-Coding Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gualdoni, Matthew J.

    2016-01-01

    Model based program design is the most clear and direct way to develop algorithms and programs for interfacing with hardware. While coding "by hand" results in a more tailored product, the ever-growing size and complexity of modern-day applications can cause the project work load to quickly become unreasonable for one programmer. This has generally been addressed by splitting the product into separate modules to allow multiple developers to work in parallel on the same project, however this introduces new potentials for errors in the process. The fluidity, reliability and robustness of the code relies on the abilities of the programmers to communicate their methods to one another; furthermore, multiple programmers invites multiple potentially differing coding styles into the same product, which can cause a loss of readability or even module incompatibility. Fortunately, Mathworks has implemented an auto-coding feature that allows programmers to design their algorithms through the use of models and diagrams in the graphical programming environment Simulink, allowing the designer to visually determine what the hardware is to do. From here, the auto-coding feature handles converting the project into another programming language. This type of approach allows the designer to clearly see how the software will be directing the hardware without the need to try and interpret large amounts of code. In addition, it speeds up the programming process, minimizing the amount of man-hours spent on a single project, thus reducing the chance of human error as well as project turnover time. One such project that has benefited from the auto-coding procedure is Ramses, a portion of the GNC flight software on-board Orion that has been implemented primarily in Simulink. Currently, however, auto-coding Ramses into C++ requires 5 hours of code generation time. This causes issues if the tool ever needs to be debugged, as this code generation will need to occur with each edit to any part of

  1. Engineering Dimensioning Based on AutoCAD Block Operation%基于AutoCAD块操作的工程标注

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春升

    2001-01-01

    AutoCAD系统绘制机械零件图时,可以利用AutoCAD的块操作创建表面粗糙度调用图块。%The block operation of AutoCAD can be used in creating surfaceroughness calling segment when AutoCAD is applied in designing mechanica l part-diagram.

  2. Auto-Generated Semantic Processing Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Rodney; Hupf, Greg

    2009-01-01

    Auto-Generated Semantic Processing (AGSP) Services is a suite of software tools for automated generation of other computer programs, denoted cross-platform semantic adapters, that support interoperability of computer-based communication systems that utilize a variety of both new and legacy communication software running in a variety of operating- system/computer-hardware combinations. AGSP has numerous potential uses in military, space-exploration, and other government applications as well as in commercial telecommunications. The cross-platform semantic adapters take advantage of common features of computer- based communication systems to enforce semantics, messaging protocols, and standards of processing of streams of binary data to ensure integrity of data and consistency of meaning among interoperating systems. The auto-generation aspect of AGSP Services reduces development time and effort by emphasizing specification and minimizing implementation: In effect, the design, building, and debugging of software for effecting conversions among complex communication protocols, custom device mappings, and unique data-manipulation algorithms is replaced with metadata specifications that map to an abstract platform-independent communications model. AGSP Services is modular and has been shown to be easily integrable into new and legacy NASA flight and ground communication systems.

  3. Auto convergence for stereoscopic 3D cameras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Buyue; Kothandaraman, Sreenivas; Batur, Aziz Umit

    2012-03-01

    Viewing comfort is an important concern for 3-D capable consumer electronics such as 3-D cameras and TVs. Consumer generated content is typically viewed at a close distance which makes the vergence-accommodation conflict particularly pronounced, causing discomfort and eye fatigue. In this paper, we present a Stereo Auto Convergence (SAC) algorithm for consumer 3-D cameras that reduces the vergence-accommodation conflict on the 3-D display by adjusting the depth of the scene automatically. Our algorithm processes stereo video in realtime and shifts each stereo frame horizontally by an appropriate amount to converge on the chosen object in that frame. The algorithm starts by estimating disparities between the left and right image pairs using correlations of the vertical projections of the image data. The estimated disparities are then analyzed by the algorithm to select a point of convergence. The current and target disparities of the chosen convergence point determines how much horizontal shift is needed. A disparity safety check is then performed to determine whether or not the maximum and minimum disparity limits would be exceeded after auto convergence. If the limits would be exceeded, further adjustments are made to satisfy the safety limits. Finally, desired convergence is achieved by shifting the left and the right frames accordingly. Our algorithm runs real-time at 30 fps on a TI OMAP4 processor. It is tested using an OMAP4 embedded prototype stereo 3-D camera. It significantly improves 3-D viewing comfort.

  4. Discussion on the application of AutoCAD in irrigation project drawing%浅谈AutoCAD在水利工程制图中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛玉芹; 方诗圣

    2008-01-01

    结合AutoCAD技术的广泛应用,总结了AutoCAD在水利工程制图中的应用,包括巧借Excel在AutoCAD中绘曲线、用AutoCAD制作表格、Wrod文档中插入AutoCAD图形等,重点介绍了AutoCAD中修剪、延伸及镜像命令的巧用,同时对BAK及PURGE的应用也进行了说明,以推广AutoCAD软件的应用.

  5. Application discussion of AutoCAD in lightning protect engineering drawing%浅谈AutoCAD在防雷工程制图中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨再禹; 薛文峰

    2008-01-01

    结合AutoCAD技术的广泛应用,总结了AutoCAD在防雷工程制图中的应用,包括巧借Excel在AutoCAD 中绘曲线、用AutoCAD制作表格、Word 文档中插入AutoCAD图形等,重点介绍了AutoCAD中修剪、延伸及镜像命令的巧用,同时对BAK及PURGE的应用也进行了说明,以推广AutoCAD软件的应用.

  6. Auto-ionizing states in MgI

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hartree-Fock calculations have been performed for the auto-ionizing levels of the 3pns, 3pnp, 4snp (n=4 to 7) and 3pnd (n=3 to 7) series in MgI. The calculated energies of the auto-ionizing states are compared with the available results from photo-absorption measurements and ejected-electron experiments. (author)

  7. Efficiency measurement for solid track spark auto counters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The theory of solid track spark auto counters was introduced. The best etch condition was explored. Efficiency for spark auto counters was measured. The ameliorating-factor for the hull's thickness and etch-thickness was measured. The measurement for ameliorating factors and efficiency makes solid track detect system, can be used for absolute fission rate measurement. (authors)

  8. 46 CFR 167.65-35 - Use of auto pilot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Use of auto pilot. 167.65-35 Section 167.65-35 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) NAUTICAL SCHOOLS PUBLIC NAUTICAL SCHOOL SHIPS Special Operating Requirements § 167.65-35 Use of auto pilot. Except as provided in 33 CFR 164.15,...

  9. 46 CFR 122.360 - Use of auto pilot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Use of auto pilot. 122.360 Section 122.360 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS CARRYING MORE THAN 150... Requirements § 122.360 Use of auto pilot. Whenever an automatic pilot is used the master shall ensure that:...

  10. 46 CFR 185.360 - Use of auto pilot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Use of auto pilot. 185.360 Section 185.360 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS (UNDER 100 GROSS TONS) OPERATIONS Miscellaneous Operating Requirements § 185.360 Use of auto pilot. Whenever an automatic pilot...

  11. 46 CFR 109.585 - Use of auto pilot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Use of auto pilot. 109.585 Section 109.585 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) A-MOBILE OFFSHORE DRILLING UNITS OPERATIONS Miscellaneous § 109.585 Use of auto pilot. Except as provided in 33 CFR 164.15, when the automatic pilot is...

  12. 46 CFR 131.960 - Use of auto-pilot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Use of auto-pilot. 131.960 Section 131.960 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) OFFSHORE SUPPLY VESSELS OPERATIONS Miscellaneous § 131.960 Use of auto-pilot. When the automatic pilot is used in areas of high traffic...

  13. An Instructional Method for the AutoCAD Modeling Environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohler, James L.

    1997-01-01

    Presents a command organizer for AutoCAD to aid new uses in operating within the 3-D modeling environment. Addresses analyzing the problem, visualization skills, nonlinear tools, a static view of a dynamic model, the AutoCAD organizer, environment attributes, and control of the environment. Contains 11 references. (JRH)

  14. Chinese Auto Show in Indo-China Peninsula

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wu Yan

    2005-01-01

    @@ Chinese auto and motorcycle exhibition group will drive to Indo-China Peninsula in Juanuary 2005 to participate in the 3rd Mudan Cup China International Auto Exhibition (Vietnam and Cambodia). Those Chinese machinery products including automobiles, motorcycles are the first batch commodities entering Vietnam and Cambodia after the signing of China-ASEAN Agreement of Cargo Trade.

  15. Brilliance Auto:Independent Quality Product "China Wind"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bai Yifeng; Liu Jinliang

    2006-01-01

    @@ Brilliance Auto, leads one and another leap of Chinese automobile with its unique posture of "high starting point independent innovation". As the new vigor power of national automobile, "forge national independent brand quality product" is the pursuit of Brilliance Auto since a long time.

  16. The background of Chinese Autos popularity in Syria

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gu Zhongyang

    2008-01-01

    @@ At the end of April in 2006,I along with lhmous China automakers attended the murth Syria China Auto International Exhibition held by China Council for Promotion of International Trade and China Machinery Industry Fcderation,took a tour by the Cars for 10 days in Syria,and had a close feel on the auto market in Syria.

  17. Directly Generating the NC Machining Program from AutoCAD Graph

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    One kind of auto-programming method directly gener at ing the NC machining program by AutoCAD graph is discussed in this article. Firs tly, the article discusses the open type graphic interface of AutoCAD. Then the graphic export among the AutoCAD, the adding of process information and the data storage, as well as technology of generating NC program has been introduced . Finally, a NC auto-programming system GAPS based on AutoCAD graph is develope d. The tendency of auto-programming is graphic auto-pro...

  18. Platelet Apoptosis in Adult Immune Thrombocytopenia: Insights into the Mechanism of Damage Triggered by Auto-Antibodies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goette, Nora P.; Glembotsky, Ana C.; Lev, Paola R.; Grodzielski, Matías; Contrufo, Geraldine; Pierdominici, Marta S.; Espasandin, Yesica R.; Riveros, Dardo; García, Alejandro J.; Molinas, Felisa C.; Heller, Paula G.

    2016-01-01

    Mechanisms leading to decreased platelet count in immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) are heterogeneous. This study describes increased platelet apoptosis involving loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm), caspase 3 activation (aCasp3) and phosphatidylserine (PS) externalization in a cohort of adult ITP patients. Apoptosis was not related to platelet activation, as PAC-1 binding, P-selectin exposure and GPIb-IX internalization were not increased. Besides, ITP platelets were more sensitive to apoptotic stimulus in terms of aCasp3. Incubation of normal platelets with ITP plasma induced loss of ΔΨm, while PS exposure and aCasp3 remained unaltered. The increase in PS exposure observed in ITP platelets could be reproduced in normal platelets incubated with ITP plasma by adding normal CD3+ lymphocytes to the system as effector cells. Addition of leupeptin -a cathepsin B inhibitor- to this system protected platelets from apoptosis. Increased PS exposure was also observed when normal platelets and CD3+ lymphocytes were incubated with purified IgG from ITP patients and was absent when ITP plasma was depleted of auto-antibodies, pointing to the latter as responsible for platelet damage. Apoptosis was present in platelets from all patients carrying anti-GPIIb-IIIa and anti-GPIb auto-antibodies but was absent in the patient with anti-GPIa-IIa auto-antibodies. Platelet damage inversely correlated with platelet count and decreased during treatment with a thrombopoietin receptor agonist. These results point to a key role for auto-antibodies in platelet apoptosis and suggest that antibody-dependent cell cytotoxicity is the mechanism underlying this phenomenon. PMID:27494140

  19. AutoPyFactory and the Cloud

    CERN Document Server

    Caballero, J; The ATLAS collaboration; Love, P

    2013-01-01

    AutoPyFactory (APF) is a next-generation pilot submission framework that has been used as part of the ATLAS workload management system (PANDA) for two years. APF is reliable, scalable, and offers easy and flexible configuration. Using a plugin-based architecture, APF polls for information from configured information and batch systems (including grid sites), decides how many additional pilot jobs are needed, and submits them. With the advent of cloud computing, providing resources goes beyond submitting pilots to grid sites. Now, the resources on which the pilot will run also need to be managed. Handling both pilot submission and controlling the virtual machine life cycle (creation, retirement, and termination) from the same framework allows robust and efficient management of the process. In this paper we describe the design and implementation of these virtual machine management capabilities of APF. Expanding on our plugin-based approach, we allow cascades of virtual resources associated with a job queue. A si...

  20. AFC-Auto Oy:n asiakkuudenhallinta

    OpenAIRE

    Kinnunen, Ville-Markus

    2013-01-01

    Asiakkuudenhallinnan merkitys yrityksen jokapäiväisessä toiminnassa on muuttumassa koko ajan tärke-ämmäksi. Opinnäytetyöni tavoitteena oli kehittää AFC-Auto Oy:lle toimiva järjestelmä, jolla se pystyy tulevaisuudessa pitämään asiakkuudet paremmin hallinnassa. Toimeksiantajana minulla toimi varkaute-lainen perhe-yritys, joka harjoittaa käytettyjen autojen myyntiä. Olen itse osakkaana yrityksessä, joten järjestelmä tulee varmasti olemaan yrityksellä käytössä, ja sitä kehitetään eteenpäin. Te...

  1. Auto-programmable impulse neural circuits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watula, D.; Meador, J.

    1990-01-01

    Impulse neural networks use pulse trains to communicate neuron activation levels. Impulse neural circuits emulate natural neurons at a more detailed level than that typically employed by contemporary neural network implementation methods. An impulse neural circuit which realizes short term memory dynamics is presented. The operation of that circuit is then characterized in terms of pulse frequency modulated signals. Both fixed and programmable synapse circuits for realizing long term memory are also described. The implementation of a simple and useful unsupervised learning law is then presented. The implementation of a differential Hebbian learning rule for a specific mean-frequency signal interpretation is shown to have a straightforward implementation using digital combinational logic with a variation of a previously developed programmable synapse circuit. This circuit is expected to be exploited for simple and straightforward implementation of future auto-adaptive neural circuits.

  2. Signature Region of Interest using Auto cropping

    CERN Document Server

    Al-Mahadeen, Bassam; AlTarawneh, Islam H

    2010-01-01

    A new approach for signature region of interest pre-processing was presented. It used new auto cropping preparation on the basis of the image content, where the intensity value of pixel is the source of cropping. This approach provides both the possibility of improving the performance of security systems based on signature images, and also the ability to use only the region of interest of the used image to suit layout design of biometric systems. Underlying the approach is a novel segmentation method which identifies the exact region of foreground of signature for feature extraction usage. Evaluation results of this approach shows encouraging prospects by eliminating the need for false region isolating, reduces the time cost associated with signature false points detection, and addresses enhancement issues. A further contribution of this paper is an automated cropping stage in bio-secure based systems.

  3. Auto-choreography: Animating Sentient Archives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Satchell

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The stories lives tell, the narratives they follow and the spaces they embody are critical to articulating the conditions of everyday life. This resonates in the fraught relations within and between surf cultures, affluent societies and economic development. In the context of Rural Cultural Studies the analysis of coastal place allows for a combination of self-reflexive, critical and transformative modes of inquiry. This pedagogy of the coast offers innovative approaches to contemporary anthropogenic and existential challenges. For the Ecological Humanities, adjusting to living synergistically requires dialogue, ethical frameworks and care. This includes attention to the more-than human world and the non-human inhabitants with whose lives people become entangled in the mutuality of wandering paths and shared haunts. The imaginary-material architectures and geographies of these samples of coastal life, are topographies woven of spatiality and contemporary coastal writing. These contemplations attempt to sketch performative interactions from the auto-choreography animating sentient archives.

  4. Gasification characteristics of auto shredder residue

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Given the large volume of used tyre waste generated each year it is imperative that suitable re-use and disposal techniques are developed for dealing with this problem; presently these include rethreading, reprocessing for use as safe playground and sports surfaces, use as noise reduction barriers and utilisation as a fuel source. This paper reports on pilot scale studies designed to investigate the suitability of automotive waste for energy recovery via gasification. The study was carried out into auto shredder residue, which is a mixture of three distinct waste streams: tyres, rubber/plastic and general automotive waste. The tests included proximate, ultimate and elemental analysis, TGA, as well as calorific value determinations. In addition, the waste was tested in a desktop gasifier, and analysis was carried out to determine the presence and type of combustible gases. It was concluded that tyre waste and rubber/plastic waste are quite suitable fuels for gasification. (author)

  5. Performance Optimization and Auto-Tuning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Howison, Mark

    2012-10-01

    In the broader computational research community, one subject of recent research is the problem of adapting algorithms to make effective use of multi- and many-core processors. Effective use of these architectures, which have complex memory hierarchies with many layers of cache, typically involves a careful examination of how an algorithm moves data through the memory hierarchy. Unfortunately, there is often a non-obvious relationship between algorithmic parameters like blocking strategies, and their impact on memory utilization, and, in turn, the relationship with runtime performance. Auto-tuning is an empirical method used to discover optimal values for tunable algorithmic parameters under such circumstances. The challenge is compounded by the fact that the settings that produce the best performance for a given problem and a given platform may not be the best for a different problem on the same platform, or the same problem on a different platform. The high performance visualization research community has begun to explore and adapt the principles of auto-tuning for the purpose of optimizing codes on modern multi- and many-core processors. This report focuses on how performance optimization studies reveal a dramatic variation in performance for two fundamental visualization algorithms: one based on a stencil operation having structured, uniform memory access, and the other is ray casting volume rendering, which uses unstructured memory access patterns. The two case studies highlighted in this report show the extra effort required to optimize such codes by adjusting the tunable algorithmic parameters can return substantial gains in performance. Additionally, these case studies also explore the potential impact of and the interaction between algorithmic optimizations and tunable algorithmic parameters, along with the potential performance gains resulting from leveraging architecture-specific features.

  6. Streamlining EPID-based IMRT quality assurance: auto-analysis and auto-report generation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xing, Aitang; Arumugam, Sankar; Deshpande, Shrikant; Armia; George; Holloway, Lois; Goozee, Gary; Gray, Alison; Vial, Philip

    2014-03-01

    Using an EPID for patient specific IMRT QA is an efficient way to verify patient plans prior to the treatment. Our centres' current EPID dosimetry method is based on a water equivalent depth approach, where EPID images of each IMRT field are converted to dose images and compared to Treatment planning system calculated dose images using a commercial software tool. Two physicists across two sites perform the analysis for an average of 12 new IMRT patients per week. To speed up this process, an in-house program called AutoEPIDIMRTQA was developed. The program automatically performs the following tasks sequentially: reading and converting raw EPID images acquired on either a Siemens Oncor or Elekta Synergy linear accelerator, registering them with planar dose images calculated by Pinnacle (Philips) or CMS XiO (Elekta) treatment planning systems, analyzing the profiles for registered images and calculating the Gamma map. Finally an IMRT QA report is automatically generated. AutoEPIDIMRTQA was validated against commercial software. The analysis time for a typical 9-beam IMRT head-neck patient decreases from 30 minutes to 4 minutes. The total QA time was reduced by 40% using AutoEPIDIMRTQA. Thus we have demonstrated a significant reduction in the time burden for physics staff performing IMRT QA.

  7. Auto-Pattern Programmable Kernel Filter (Auto-PPKF for Suppression of Bot Generated Traffic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kritika Govind

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Bots usually vary from their other malicious counter parts by periodically reporting to the botmaster through regular exchange of messages. Our experiments on bot attack generation showed a continuous exchange of packets with similar content between the botmaster and the zombie machine at various time intervals. Though there were also genuine packets with similar content being sent out of the victim machine challenge was to differentiate between the two and pass only the genuine ones. In this paper, an algorithm namely Auto-Pattern Programmable Kernel Filter (Auto-PPKF, for automatic detection of patterns from packet payload for filtering out malicious packets generated by bots is proposed. The significant feature of our proposed Auto-PPKF algorithm is that, the malicious pattern is deduced at kernel level on the fly from packet payload. Traditional algorithms such as Boyer Moore, Knuth Morris Patt, and Naive Pattern search algorithms require the pattern to be identified available a priori. Currently, Longest Common Subsequence (LCS algorithm stands as the most preferred algorithm for pattern matching. But the disadvantage is that common sequences can also exist in many genuine packets. Hence, the challenge lies in automatic detection of malicious patterns and filtering of the packets having such malicious patterns. This would not only put off the communication between the Botmaster and Zombie machine, but will also thus prevent user information from being sent to the botmaster.

  8. Streamlining EPID-based IMRT quality assurance: auto-analysis and auto-report generation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using an EPID for patient specific IMRT QA is an efficient way to verify patient plans prior to the treatment. Our centres' current EPID dosimetry method is based on a water equivalent depth approach, where EPID images of each IMRT field are converted to dose images and compared to Treatment planning system calculated dose images using a commercial software tool. Two physicists across two sites perform the analysis for an average of 12 new IMRT patients per week. To speed up this process, an in-house program called AutoEPIDIMRTQA was developed. The program automatically performs the following tasks sequentially: reading and converting raw EPID images acquired on either a Siemens Oncor or Elekta Synergy linear accelerator, registering them with planar dose images calculated by Pinnacle (Philips) or CMS XiO (Elekta) treatment planning systems, analyzing the profiles for registered images and calculating the Gamma map. Finally an IMRT QA report is automatically generated. AutoEPIDIMRTQA was validated against commercial software. The analysis time for a typical 9-beam IMRT head-neck patient decreases from 30 minutes to 4 minutes. The total QA time was reduced by 40% using AutoEPIDIMRTQA. Thus we have demonstrated a significant reduction in the time burden for physics staff performing IMRT QA.

  9. Automatic detection of AutoPEEP during controlled mechanical ventilation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nguyen Quang-Thang

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dynamic hyperinflation, hereafter called AutoPEEP (auto-positive end expiratory pressure with some slight language abuse, is a frequent deleterious phenomenon in patients undergoing mechanical ventilation. Although not readily quantifiable, AutoPEEP can be recognized on the expiratory portion of the flow waveform. If expiratory flow does not return to zero before the next inspiration, AutoPEEP is present. This simple detection however requires the eye of an expert clinician at the patient’s bedside. An automatic detection of AutoPEEP should be helpful to optimize care. Methods In this paper, a platform for automatic detection of AutoPEEP based on the flow signal available on most of recent mechanical ventilators is introduced. The detection algorithms are developed on the basis of robust non-parametric hypothesis testings that require no prior information on the signal distribution. In particular, two detectors are proposed: one is based on SNT (Signal Norm Testing and the other is an extension of SNT in the sequential framework. The performance assessment was carried out on a respiratory system analog and ex-vivo on various retrospectively acquired patient curves. Results The experiment results have shown that the proposed algorithm provides relevant AutoPEEP detection on both simulated and real data. The analysis of clinical data has shown that the proposed detectors can be used to automatically detect AutoPEEP with an accuracy of 93% and a recall (sensitivity of 90%. Conclusions The proposed platform provides an automatic early detection of AutoPEEP. Such functionality can be integrated in the currently used mechanical ventilator for continuous monitoring of the patient-ventilator interface and, therefore, alleviate the clinician task.

  10. A Successful Seminar on China Auto industry and International Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    Since January 2004, the sales of autos are slowing down. it is mature for the fast developing Chinese auto industry to go out to the international market. Meanwhile, the "early harvest" scheme is implemented in China and ASEAN Free Trade Area and the exchange visits of high-ranking officials are more frequently. After the ASEAN Business Meeting held in Malaysia this April, China-ASEAN Summit on Investment and Trade is to be held in Laos in November.In order to promote Chinese autos to go out cooperating...

  11. Auto-focusing accelerating hyper-geometric laser beams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovalev, A. A.; Kotlyar, V. V.; Porfirev, A. P.

    2016-02-01

    We derive a new solution to the paraxial wave equation that defines a two-parameter family of three-dimensional structurally stable vortex annular auto-focusing hyper-geometric (AH) beams, with their complex amplitude expressed via a degenerate hyper-geometric function. The AH beams are found to carry an orbital angular momentum and be auto-focusing, propagating on an accelerating path toward a focus, where the annular intensity pattern is ‘sharply’ reduced in diameter. An explicit expression for the complex amplitude of vortex annular auto-focusing hyper-geometric-Gaussian beams is derived. The experiment has been shown to be in good agreement with theory.

  12. Using VBA Technology to do the Second Development of AutoCAD%应用VBA技术进行AutoCAD二次开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴业红

    2009-01-01

    AutoCAD制图应用过程中,需要开发一些符合用户需求的AutoCAD工具.VBA是一种对AutoCAD进行二次开发的灵活手段.应用VBA技术控制在AutoCAD环境中绘图,探讨它在AutoCAD二次开发中,VBA程序语句设计的基本步骤、具体实现过程,达到绘制所需要AutoCAD图形的目的.

  13. Analysis of Construction Drawing Based on AutoCAD%基于AutoCAD的建筑制图应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游普元

    2011-01-01

    随着科技的飞速发展,AutoCAD的建筑制图在建筑领域得到了广泛的应用,并且受到了更多的关注.文章从建筑制图中AutoCAD的教学应用;AutoCAD的初始设置应用与AutoCAD制图设置应用以及AutoCAD在建筑制图中的技巧应用方面对AutoCAD的建筑制图应用进行了分析.

  14. Certifying Auto-Generated Flight Code

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denney, Ewen

    2008-01-01

    Model-based design and automated code generation are being used increasingly at NASA. Many NASA projects now use MathWorks Simulink and Real-Time Workshop for at least some of their modeling and code development. However, there are substantial obstacles to more widespread adoption of code generators in safety-critical domains. Since code generators are typically not qualified, there is no guarantee that their output is correct, and consequently the generated code still needs to be fully tested and certified. Moreover, the regeneration of code can require complete recertification, which offsets many of the advantages of using a generator. Indeed, manual review of autocode can be more challenging than for hand-written code. Since the direct V&V of code generators is too laborious and complicated due to their complex (and often proprietary) nature, we have developed a generator plug-in to support the certification of the auto-generated code. Specifically, the AutoCert tool supports certification by formally verifying that the generated code is free of different safety violations, by constructing an independently verifiable certificate, and by explaining its analysis in a textual form suitable for code reviews. The generated documentation also contains substantial tracing information, allowing users to trace between model, code, documentation, and V&V artifacts. This enables missions to obtain assurance about the safety and reliability of the code without excessive manual V&V effort and, as a consequence, eases the acceptance of code generators in safety-critical contexts. The generation of explicit certificates and textual reports is particularly well-suited to supporting independent V&V. The primary contribution of this approach is the combination of human-friendly documentation with formal analysis. The key technical idea is to exploit the idiomatic nature of auto-generated code in order to automatically infer logical annotations. The annotation inference algorithm

  15. 关于AutoCAD绘图加速的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王立伟; 廖福斌

    2003-01-01

    本文在多年AutoCAD绘图实践的基础上,提出了"合理使用AutoCAD提供的基本功能"和"定制AutoCAD"两类AutoCAD绘图加速的方法,并对其中的具体实现技术进行了详细阐述.

  16. 关于AutoCAD绘图方法与技巧的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李秀凤

    2015-01-01

    通过多年使用AutoCAD,总结一些如AutoCAD和Excel互换、功能键巧妙使用、AutoCAD绘图和修改等能够快速绘图的方法与实用技巧,达到利用AutoCAD快速绘图的目的。

  17. Characterization of an Auto-Compatible Default Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU DaoYun(许道云); DING DeCheng(丁德成); ZHANG MingYi(张明义)

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, an equivalence condition for deciding whether a default theory isan auto-compatible default one is presented. Under the condition, the existence of extension of anauto-compatible default theory is a natural result. By introducing a well-ordering over the set D ofdefault rules, the extensions of an auto-compatible default theory (D, W) can be computed directly.The condition represents clearly the characterization of an auto-compatible default theory, andsome properties about auto-compatible default theory, such as semi-monotonicity, become naturalcorollaries. Based on the characterization, the revision of default beliefs is discussed to ensure theexistence of extension of the default theory, and the method is applied to investigate stable modelsof a general logic program.

  18. AutoCategorization for Customized Knowledge Portals Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — An AutoCategorizing Knowledge Management Engine ("AKM") will automate key capabilities for both human-human and human-agent collaboration tools in aerospace...

  19. DEPAS: A Decentralized Probabilistic Algorithm for Auto-Scaling

    CERN Document Server

    Calcavecchia, Nicolo M; Di Nitto, Elisabetta; Dubois, Daniel J; Petcu, Dana

    2012-01-01

    The dynamic provisioning of virtualized resources offered by cloud computing infrastructures allows applications deployed in a cloud environment to automatically increase and decrease the amount of used resources. This capability is called auto-scaling and its main purpose is to automatically adjust the scale of the system that is running the application to satisfy the varying workload with minimum resource utilization. The need for auto-scaling is particularly important during workload peaks, in which applications may need to scale up to extremely large-scale systems. Both the research community and the main cloud providers have already developed auto-scaling solutions. However, most research solutions are centralized and not suitable for managing large-scale systems, moreover cloud providers' solutions are bound to the limitations of a specific provider in terms of resource prices, availability, reliability, and connectivity. In this paper we propose DEPAS, a decentralized probabilistic auto-scaling algorit...

  20. Auto-control facility for sodium removal by chemical clean

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author describes the technological process of sodium removal and micro-computer control system on sodium cleaning facility. Micro-computer auto-monitoring and controlling are realized in the cleaning process. The controlled results are satisfactory

  1. Auto-regenerative thermoluminescence dating using zircon inclusions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fired ceramics containing zircon inclusions have been dated by allowing the zircons to regenerate their own thermoluminescence (TL) signal, hence auto-regenerative TL dating. The technique is conceptually straightforward. One first measures the TL accrued since the last heating of the material. The zircon grains are then stored for six months and the TL signal regenerated through self-irradiation is measured. Since the internal dose-rate for zircon is dominated by the internal component the age of the sample is simply given by the ratio of the natural to auto-regenerated signal times the laboratory storage period. The technique, however, requires the measurement of a very small auto-regenerated signal, which introduces a number of experimental and physical complications. The methods for overcoming these problems and successfully dating zircons by auto-regeneration are described. (Author)

  2. Auto-Faxing imaging reports to referring physicians

    OpenAIRE

    Robertson, Pauline; Day, Dennis; Leung, Desmond; Chien, Eugene; Lima-Simao, Fatima

    1997-01-01

    One of the major service issues within Medical Imaging is delivering reports quickly to referring physicians. As an effort to improve service, Mount Sinai Hospital’s Department of Medical Imaging implemented Auto-Fax to distribute imaging reports to physicians instead of the postal service. When a report is transcribed and then verified by the dictating radiologist, the radiology information system will automatically fax the result report to the referring physicians if subscribed to the Auto-...

  3. Parliament tears up 'feeble' auto-oil proposals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent discussions in the European Parliament concerning the ''auto-oil'' proposals, i.e. the effects of automotive fuel specifications on the environment, are described in this paper. Legislative changes or amendments proposed by various national, or other interest groups are also noted. In particular, the sulphur content of diesel fuels is a matter of widespread concern because of its use for city taxis and buses. Further fuel proposals in the ''auto-oil'' style are expected in the near future. (UK)

  4. Auto-measuring System of 3- Dimensional Human Body

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李勇; 尚保平; 付小莉; 尚会超

    2001-01-01

    To realize the automation of fashion industry measuring,designing and manufacturing, the auto-measurement of 3D size of human body is of great importance. The auto measurement system of 3D human body based on Charge Coupled Devices (CCD) and infrared sensors is presented in this paper. The system can measure the bare size of human body that excludes the effect of clothing quickly and accurately.

  5. GPS technology to monitoring auto transport in Latvia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Boicov

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is the result of authors’ activities in the field of research and implementation of global positioning system (GPS technologies in the Latvian car industry. The subject of study is the characteristics of Latvian auto transport management. Topicality and importance of this issue are related with new GPS applications to auto transport monitoring. Principal practical application of this paper is reflected in the methodology developed by the authors in order to design, elaborate and introduce GPS systems.

  6. Collective Mind: Towards Practical and Collaborative Auto-Tuning

    OpenAIRE

    Grigori Fursin; Renato Miceli; Anton Lokhmotov; Michael Gerndt; Marc Baboulin; Malony, Allen D.; Zbigniew Chamski; Diego Novillo; Davide Del Vento

    2014-01-01

    Empirical auto-tuning and machine learning techniques have been showing high potential to improve execution time, power consumption, code size, reliability and other important metrics of various applications for more than two decades. However, they are still far from widespread production use due to lack of native support for auto-tuning in an ever changing and complex software and hardware stack, large and multi-dimensional optimization spaces, excessively long exploration times, and lack of...

  7. Auto-calibrated Online Evaluation: Database Design and Implementation

    OpenAIRE

    JÄNTSCHI, Lorentz; Bolboacă, Sorana-Daniela

    2006-01-01

    An auto-calibrated online evaluation system for student knowledge assessment was developed and has been implemented at the Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, the Technical University of Cluj-Napoca. The system is available for students’ end-of-course evaluation on physical chemistry, microbiology and toxicology, and materials chemistry topics and it can be used at the test center. The auto-calibrated online evaluation methodology, databases and program implementation, computer-syst...

  8. A speed auto-adaptable system for high speed inspection of rail-track defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ge, Jia; Luo, Yunhan; Zhang, Jun; Guo, Long; Sun, Liang; Chen, Zhe

    2012-11-01

    High quality images play a key role in inspecting surface defect of rail track. However, image distortion is frequently occurred in traditional detection systems in which exposure frequency of camera are fixed as constant. The system studied in this paper improves traditional systems by combining a speed auto-adaptable (SAA) system, to adjust proper exposure frequency and uniform image quality all the time according to vehicle riding speed. The system mainly consists of a high-speed external controlled camera, a rotary encoder and a signal processing card, with this system, performance in avoiding image distortion both in laboratory test and practical application can be achieved with minimum detection precision of 0.2 mm at relative low speed and theoretically maximum detection speed of approximate 489 km/h.

  9. Auto-identification fiberoptical seal verifier

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An auto COBRA seal verifier was developed by Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) to provide more efficient and simpler inspection measures for IAEA safeguards. The verifier is designed to provide means of a simple, quantitative and objective judgment on in-situ verification for the COBRA seal. The equipment is a portable unit with hand-held weight and size. It can be operated by battery or AC power. The verifier reads a COBRA seal signature by using a built-in CCD camera and carries out the signature comparison procedure automatically on digital basis. The result of signature comparison is given as a YES/NO answer. The production model of the verifier was completed in July 1996. The development was carried out in collaboration with Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. This report describes the design and functions of the COBRA seal verifier and the results of environmental and functional tests. The development of the COBRA seal verifier was carried out in the framework of Japan Support Programme for Agency Safeguards (JASPAS) as a project, JD-4 since 1981. (author)

  10. Polarization Imaging Apparatus with Auto-Calibration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zou, Yingyin Kevin (Inventor); Zhao, Hongzhi (Inventor); Chen, Qiushui (Inventor)

    2013-01-01

    A polarization imaging apparatus measures the Stokes image of a sample. The apparatus consists of an optical lens set, a first variable phase retarder (VPR) with its optical axis aligned 22.5 deg, a second variable phase retarder with its optical axis aligned 45 deg, a linear polarizer, a imaging sensor for sensing the intensity images of the sample, a controller and a computer. Two variable phase retarders were controlled independently by a computer through a controller unit which generates a sequential of voltages to control the phase retardations of the first and second variable phase retarders. A auto-calibration procedure was incorporated into the polarization imaging apparatus to correct the misalignment of first and second VPRs, as well as the half-wave voltage of the VPRs. A set of four intensity images, I(sub 0), I(sub 1), I(sub 2) and I(sub 3) of the sample were captured by imaging sensor when the phase retardations of VPRs were set at (0,0), (pi,0), (pi,pi) and (pi/2,pi), respectively. Then four Stokes components of a Stokes image, S(sub 0), S(sub 1), S(sub 2) and S(sub 3) were calculated using the four intensity images.

  11. The Auto-Gopher Deep Drill

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badescu, Mircea

    2014-01-01

    Subsurface penetration by coring, drilling or abrading is of great importance for a large number of space and earth applications. An Ultrasonic/Sonic Drill/Corer (USDC) has been in development at JPL's Nondestructive Evaluation and Advanced Actuators (NDEAA) lab as an adaptable tool for many of these applications. The USDC uses a novel drive mechanism to transform the high frequency ultrasonic or sonic vibrations of the tip of a horn into a lower frequency sonic hammering of a drill bit through an intermediate free-flying mass. The USDC device idea has been implemented at various scales from handheld drills to large diameter coring devices. A series of computer programs that model the function and performance of the USDC device were developed and were later integrated into an automated modeling package. The USDC has also evolved from a purely hammering drill to a rotary hammer drill as the design requirements increased form small diameter shallow drilling to large diameter deep coring. A synthesis of the Auto-Gopher development is presented in this paper.

  12. Information Processing in Auto-regulated Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karl Javorszky

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: We present a model of information processing which is based on two concurrent ways of describing the world, where a description in one of the languages limits the possibilities for realisations in the other language. The two describing dimensions appear in our common sense as dichotomies of perspectives: subjective - objective; diversity - similarity; individual - collective. We abstract from the subjective connotations and treat the test theoretical case of an interval on which several concurrent categories can be introduced. We investigate multidimensional partitions as potential carriers of information and compare their efficiency to that of sequenced carriers. We regard the same assembly once as a contemporary collection, once as a longitudinal sequence and find promising inroads towards understanding information processing by auto-regulated systems. Information is understood to point out that what is the case from among alternatives, which could be the case. We have translated these ideas into logical operations on the set of natural numbers and have found two equivalence points on N where matches between sequential and commutative ways of presenting a state of the world can agree in a stable fashion: a flip-flop mechanism is envisioned. By following this new approach, a mathematical treatment of some poignant biomathematical problems is allowed. Also, the concepts presented in this treatise may well have relevance and applications within the information processing and the theory of language fields.

  13. An Industry without Industrialization: the Political Economy of The Failure of Indonesia's Auto Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Tai, Wan-Ping

    2014-01-01

    The development of auto industry needs a series of related policies and conditions, including market, technology, management, basic infrastructure, etc. Several Southeast Asian countries are hoping to develop their auto industries in order to lead the development of other industries in their countries. Having the largest auto market in Southeast Asia, Indonesia is supposed to have more favorable conditions than Thailand and Malaysia on the development of auto industry. Unlike Malaysia's auto ...

  14. 使用AutoCAD快速准确绘图经验谈%Quickly and Accurately Using the AutoCAD Drawing Experience

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐洪池

    2013-01-01

      AutoCAD software is an important tool for computer-aided design, but it is not easy to master for beginners, from how to improve the drawing speed and how accurate drawing two angles of an effective way to use AutoCAD, and share the learning and use of AutoCAD expe⁃rience the hope that helpful AutoCAD learners.%  AutoCAD软件是计算机辅助设计的重要工具,但对初学者并不易掌握,文章从如何提高绘图速度和如何准确绘图两个角度介绍了使用AutoCAD的有效方法,并分享了AutoCAD的学习和使用心得,希望对AutoCAD的学习者有所帮助。

  15. Set Out,Chinese Auto's Latin-American Tour!——The 7th China Auto International Exhibition Tour

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ Since 1995,China Auto International Exhibition Tour has been held for six times in China,Vietnam,Cambodia,Syria,Russia,Algeria and other countries successfully,by forms of fixed exhibitions and exhibition tours.

  16. 简述AutoCAD 2004二次开发工具%The Discussion about the Tools in the Secondary Development of AutoCAD2004

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴成军

    2009-01-01

    文章对AutoCAD 2004的二次开发工具进行了较为详细的介绍,并对AutoCAD 2004各种二次开发工具的特点进行了分析和比较.为AutoCAD 2004软件使用者进行基于AutoCAD 2004进行二次开发提供了有益的参考.

  17. Auto-Ignition and Heat Release Correlations for Controlled Auto-Ignition Combustion in Gasoline Engines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Auto-ignition and heat release correlations for controlled auto-ignition (CAI) combustion were derived from extensive in-cylinder pressure data of a four-stroke gasoline engine operating in CAI combustion mode. Abundant experiments were carried out under a wide range of air/fuel ratio,speed and residual gas fraction to ensure that the combustion correlations can be used in the entire CAI engine operation range. Furthermore, a more accurate method to compute the residual gas fraction was proposed by calculating the working fluid temperature at the exhaust valve close timing in the experiments. The heat release correlation was described in two parts, one is for the first slower heat release process at low temperature, and the other is for the second faster heat release process at high temperature. Finally the heat release correlation was evaluated on the single cylinder gasoline engine running with CAI combustion by comparing the experimental data with the 1-D engine simulation results obtained with the aid of the GT-Power simulation program. The results show that the predicted loads and ignition timings match closely with the measurements.

  18. New Algorithm for Mapping TiO2 Concentrations Using Clementine UVVIS Data Suggests a Non-uniform Global Distribution of Basalt Types.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillis, J. J.; Jolliff, B. L.

    2001-05-01

    In both sample and remote sensing analysis of mare basalts, TiO2 is the most useful discriminator in classification because of its substantial variation in concentration, from 14wt.%. A significant discrepancy arises when comparing mare basalt sample data, which shows a bimodal distribution of TiO2 (modes at 2.5 and 12.5wt.%), with the remote sensing data, which shows a continuum (mode 2.75wt.%). It is thus important to map TiO2 accurately in order to understand whether basalts of intermediate-Ti content exist as abundantly as observed in the remote sensing data, and to determine their mode of origin (e.g., impact mixing of high and low-Ti units or derivation from intermediate-Ti source regions). Building upon earlier methods for estimating TiO2, we integrate basaltic rock and soil TiO2 concentrations with Clementine Spectral Reflectance (CSR) data to produce a more accurate algorithm for estimating TiO2. Two checks are used to test the accuracy of the modified algorithm. First, applying the algorithm to CSR data of 2x2 km regions centered on individual landing sites, we find that the algorithm faithfully reproduces the bimodal distribution of TiO2 contents as seen in the sample collection. Second, the Lunar Prospector neutron spectrometer data provide an independent test of the global estimates of TiO2 concentrations. When TiO2 concentrations from the new algorithm are coupled with the effects of other thermal neutron absorbers (e.g., Fe, Ca, Sm, Gd), they match more closely the observed epithermal-to-thermal neutron flux ratio than do the TiO2 concentrations calculated previously. Examining the global distribution of TiO2, we find that a majority of basalt flows with intermediate TiO2 concentrations occur in the western nearside maria with a minor distribution of intermediate TiO2 basalts occurring in the eastern maria. The intermediate-Ti basalts in M. Tranquillitatis appear to be caused by impact mixing between high and low-Ti basalts, whereas the basalt flows

  19. Transferability of the EST-SSRs developed on Nules clementine (Citrus clementina Hort ex Tan to other Citrus species and their effectiveness for genetic mapping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ollitrault Patrick

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background During the last decade, numerous microsatellite markers were developed for genotyping and to identify closely related plant genotypes. In citrus, previously developed microsatellite markers were arisen from genomic libraries and more often located in non coding DNA sequences. To optimize the use of these EST-SSRs as genetic markers in genome mapping programs and citrus systematic analysis, we have investigated their polymorphism related to the type (di or trinucleotide or their position in the coding sequences. Results Among 11000 unigenes from a Clementine EST library, we have found at least one microsatellite sequence (repeated units size ranged from 2 to 6 nucleotides in 1500 unigenes (13.6%. More than 95% of these SSRs were di or trinucleotides. If trinucleotide microsatellites were encountered trough all part of EST sequences, dinucleotide microsatellites were preferentially (50% concentrated in the 5' 100th nucleotides. We assessed the polymorphism of 41 EST-SSR, by PCR amplification droved with flanking primers among ten Citrus species plus 3 from other genera. More than 90% of EST-SSR markers were polymorphic. Furthermore, dinucleotide microsatellite markers were more polymorphic than trinucleotide ones, probably related to their distribution that was more often located in the 5' UnTranslated Region (UTR. We obtained a good agreement of diversity relationships between the citrus species and relatives assessed with EST-SSR markers with the established taxonomy and phylogeny. To end, the heterozygosity of each genotype and all dual combinations were studied to evaluate the percentage of mappable markers. Higher values (> 45% were observed for putative Citrus inter-specific hybrids (lime lemon, or sour orange than for Citrus basic true species (mandarin, pummelo and citron (70% with a significant proportion suitable for synteny analysis. Conclusion Fourty one new EST-SSR markers were produced and were available for

  20. Improvement of air quality according to Mobile reduction measures to establish Korean Auto-oil program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sunwoo, Y.; Jo, H.; Ma, Y.; Kim, S.; Hong, K.; Lim, Y.; Javascript:Setnextpage('sponsor')

    2011-12-01

    The mobile of NOx and PM10 emission of Korea in 2007 accounted for 42%, 23%, respectively (excluded fugitive dust). Seoul highly affected mobile emission which accounted for 46%, 49%, respectively. Korean government ,therefore, established "Special Act for improvement of air quality in Seoul metropolitan area" including mobile emission reduction measures and organized research forum including reformation of fuel and cars, risk assessment, control of greenhouse gas and assessment of air quality to establish Korean Auto-oil program This study quantitatively analyses improvement of air quality in Seoul according to the reformation of fuel and supply of DPF in Korean Auto-oil program. WRF-SMOKE-CMAQ were emploied for this study. SO2, CO, NOx, PM10 and VOCs emission are based on the INTEX-B emission inventory, NH3 were from the REAS emission inventory. Korea emission is derived by CAPSS (Clean Air Policy Support System) data. The reduction through reformation of fuel and supply of DPF is calculated by reduction ratio of air pollutants with strengthen fuel quality standard and number of car supplied DPF, refer to Metropolitan Air Quality Management Office Republic of Korea (2011) in detail. The effect of air quality is quantifiably comparing modeling results which are applied/not applied on the measures. This study will be provided basic data to establish Korean Auto-oil program through quantifying and predicting to improvement of air quality according to the mobile measures. Acknowledgement This research was supported in part by the "Assessment of risk and health benefits considering exposure characteristics of fuel" project sponsored by the Korea Automobile Environmental Association.

  1. Auto-infection by Echinostoma spp. cercariae in Helisoma anceps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmermann, Michael R; Luth, Kyle E; Esch, Gerald W

    2015-12-01

    Auto-infection is a life history strategy used by many parasitic organisms, including digenetic trematodes. The process of autoinfection most frequently involves the transfer of a life cycle stage of the parasite from one site to another inside the same host, usually accompanied by morphological transformation. Moreover, among trematodes, the stage being transferred may also move from one host to another in completing the life cycle, i.e., an indirect cycle. Echinostoma spp. parasites offer the opportunity to study auto-infection because they utilize gastropods as both first and second intermediate hosts. Rejection of a null model predicting independent infection of first and second intermediate larval stages coupled with the presence of rediae being the best predictor of metacercariae prevalence and intensity suggests that auto-infection by Echinostoma spp. cercariae is occurring in their molluscan hosts. Shell length was also found to be a significant predictor of metacercariae intensity in the snails hosts, but this is most likely attributed to larger snails being more commonly infected with Echinostoma spp. rediae as opposed to an increased likelihood of cercariae infection. Auto-infection as a life history strategy increases transmission success of the parasite, but may also have negative consequences for the parasite that necessitate auto-infection coupled with the release of cercariae to maximize transmission success and host survival. PMID:26408593

  2. Kepler AutoRegressive Planet Search

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caceres, Gabriel Antonio; Feigelson, Eric

    2016-01-01

    The Kepler AutoRegressive Planet Search (KARPS) project uses statistical methodology associated with autoregressive (AR) processes to model Kepler lightcurves in order to improve exoplanet transit detection in systems with high stellar variability. We also introduce a planet-search algorithm to detect transits in time-series residuals after application of the AR models. One of the main obstacles in detecting faint planetary transits is the intrinsic stellar variability of the host star. The variability displayed by many stars may have autoregressive properties, wherein later flux values are correlated with previous ones in some manner. Our analysis procedure consisting of three steps: pre-processing of the data to remove discontinuities, gaps and outliers; AR-type model selection and fitting; and transit signal search of the residuals using a new Transit Comb Filter (TCF) that replaces traditional box-finding algorithms. The analysis procedures of the project are applied to a portion of the publicly available Kepler light curve data for the full 4-year mission duration. Tests of the methods have been made on a subset of Kepler Objects of Interest (KOI) systems, classified both as planetary `candidates' and `false positives' by the Kepler Team, as well as a random sample of unclassified systems. We find that the ARMA-type modeling successfully reduces the stellar variability, by a factor of 10 or more in active stars and by smaller factors in more quiescent stars. A typical quiescent Kepler star has an interquartile range (IQR) of ~10 e-/sec, which may improve slightly after modeling, while those with IQR ranging from 20 to 50 e-/sec, have improvements from 20% up to 70%. High activity stars (IQR exceeding 100) markedly improve. A periodogram based on the TCF is constructed to concentrate the signal of these periodic spikes. When a periodic transit is found, the model is displayed on a standard period-folded averaged light curve. Our findings to date on real

  3. 应用VBA技术进行AutoCAD二次开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴业红

    2009-01-01

    AutoCAD制图应用过程中,需要开发一些符合用户需求的AutoCAD工具。VBA是一种对AutoCAD进行二次开发的灵活手段、应用VBA技术控制在AutoCAD环境中绘图,探讨它在AutoCAD二次开发中,VBA程序语句设计的基本步骤、具体实现过程.达到绘制所需要AutoCAD图形的目的.

  4. 关于AutoCAD常用英语词汇的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨宁飞

    2006-01-01

    使用AutoCAD软件时经常接触到一些英语词汇,掌握这些词汇有助于提高AutoCAD绘图水平,拓展土木工程专业词汇.文章第一部分研究AutoCAD窗口英语词汇;第二部分研究AutoCAD基本命令英语词汇;第三部分研究AutoCAD常用辅助命令英语词汇;最后论述AutoCAD常用英语词汇翻译体会.

  5. AutoCAD electrical 2013 for electrical control designers

    CERN Document Server

    Tickoo, Sham; CADCIM Technologies

    2013-01-01

    The AutoCAD Electrical 2013 for Electrical Control Designers textbook has been written to assist the engineering students and the practicing designers learn the application of various AutoCAD Electrical tools and options for creating electrical control designs. After reading this textbook, the users will be able to create professional electrical-control drawings easily and effectively. Moreover, the users will be able to automate various control engineering tasks such as building circuits, numbering wires, creating bills of materials, and many more. The textbook takes the users across a wide spectrum of electrical control drawings through progressive examples and numerous illustrations and exercises, thereby making it an ideal guide for both the novice and the advanced users. Salient Features of the Textbook Consists of 14 chapters that are organized in a pedagogical sequence covering various tools and features of AutoCAD Electrical such as schematic drawings, parametric and non-parametric PLC modules, Circu...

  6. Art of Innovation——Auto Shanghai 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ As one of the important global automotive industry events that are worthiest of being participated in and devoted into in 2009,The 13th International Automobile & Manufacturing Technology Exhibition ("Auto Shanghai 2009") themed on "Art of Innovation" will take place April.2228,2009 at the Shanghai New International Exhibition Centre with a brand new vision. According to latest statistics report of China Association of Automobile Manufacturers,the automotive industry keeps on the fast development track.The output and sales volume of 2007 are increased by 22.02% and 21.84%,respectively,which both achieve the new highest record in history while the output is expected to exceed 10 million in 2008.China is expected to become the second largest auto manufacturing country and second largest auto market in the world.

  7. Finite Element Meshes Auto-Generation for the Welted Bifurcation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUANMei; LIYa-ping

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, firstly, a mathematical model for a specific kind of welted bifurcation is established, the parametric equation for the intersecting curve is resulted in. Secondly, a method for partitioning finite element meshes of the welted bifurcation is put forward, its main idea is that developing the main pipe surface and the branch pipe surface respectively, dividing meshes on each developing plane and obtaining meshes points, then transforming their plane coordinates into space coordinates. Finally, an applied program for finite element meshes auto-generation is simply introduced, which adopt ObjectARX technique and its running result can be shown in AutoCAD. The meshes generated in AutoCAD can be exported conveniently to most of finite element analysis soft wares, and the finite element computing result can satisfy the engineering precision requirement.

  8. A Generalized Framework for Auto-tuning Stencil Computations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kamil, Shoaib; Chan, Cy; Williams, Samuel; Oliker, Leonid; Shalf, John; Howison, Mark; Bethel, E. Wes; Prabhat,

    2009-05-01

    This work introduces a generalized framework for automatically tuning stencil computations to achieve superior performance on a broad range of multicore architectures. Stencil (nearest-neighbor) based kernels constitute the core of many important scientific applications involving block-structured grids. Auto-tuning systems search over optimization strategies to find the combination of tunable parameters that maximizes computational efficiency for a given algorithmic kernel. Although the auto-tuning strategy has been successfully applied to libraries, generalized stencil kernels are not amenable to packaging as libraries. Studied kernels in this work include both memory-bound kernels as well as a computation-bound bilateral filtering kernel. We introduce a generalized stencil auto-tuning framework that takes a straightforward Fortran expression of a stencil kernel and automatically generates tuned implementations of the kernel in C or Fortran to achieve performance portability across diverse computer architectures.

  9. [Auto-immune liver diseases and their treatment].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hess, J; Thorens, J; Pache, I; Troillet, F X; Moradpour, D; Gonvers, J J

    2005-01-19

    There are three main types of auto-immune liver disease, auto-immune hepatitis, primary biliary cirrhosis and primary sclerosing cholangitis. In the case of auto-immune hepatitis, prednisone therapy, with or without azathioprine, can improve quality of life and halt progression to cirrhosis. If there is no response or if the therapy is poorly tolerated, mycophenolate mofetil or cyclosporin should be considered. Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), at a dosage of 13 to 15 mg/kg/day slows the progression of fibrosis in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis. Pruritus may be treated with cholestyramine, rifampicin or opiate antagonists. Ursodeoxycholic acid at a dosage of 20 to 30 mg/kg/day will slow the evolution of fibrosis. PMID:15770819

  10. Auto-antibodies and seizures: clinical and EEG findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drazkowski, Joseph; Hoerth, Matthew; Tapsell, Lisa; Noe, Katherine; Shih, Jerry; Sirven, Joseph; Tatum, William O

    2014-03-01

    Epilepsy is a common disorder that may be caused by wide ranging etiologies. Historically a significant number of people with epilepsy have idiopathic epilepsy without a definitive etiology. More recently, auto-antibodies have been discovered to be associated with numerous conditions affecting the nervous system, including epilepsy. With this increased understanding of the potential for immune-based etiologies for epilepsy it is important to recognize the associated EEG patterns in such cases. This report presents the EEG findings in epilepsy patients with one or more auto-antibodies. PMID:24783749

  11. Instant Autodesk AutoCAD 2014 customization with .NET

    CERN Document Server

    Nelson, Tom

    2013-01-01

    Filled with practical, step-by-step instructions and clear explanations for the most important and useful tasks. An instruction-based guide with examples written in the C# programming language. VB.NET programmers can also take advantage of these examples by using one of the free conversion websites to convert the examples to VB.NET.Clear, step-by-step instructions and complete code examples illustrate the processes, making it easy to develop your own custom AutoCAD tools.This book is perfect if you are interested in customizing AutoCAD 2014 using the .NET API. You should have a basic familiari

  12. Rewetting an auto-wave change of boiling modes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One studied heat exchange under auto-wave change of boiling metastable mode over to the stable one. One introduced a classification of boiling curves depending on temperature gradient, flow rate directions and temperature wave motion rate. One advanced the hypothesis according to which the essential change of heat exchange patterns within temperature wave range was caused by boiling local nonequilibrium state. One investigated experimentally heat exchange under water boiling in pipes under auto-wave change of boiling conditions within 3-10 MPa pressure range within wide range of steam contents and mass rates. Paper discusses application possibility of the derived data when simulating emergency conditions in reactor core

  13. Ping-pong auto-zero amplifier with glitch reduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson, Mark R.

    2008-01-22

    A ping-pong amplifier with reduced glitching is described. The ping-pong amplifier includes a nulling amplifier coupled to a switching network. The switching network is used to auto-zero a ping amplifier within a ping-pong amplifier. The nulling amplifier drives the output of a ping amplifier to a proper output voltage level during auto-zeroing of the ping amplifier. By being at a proper output voltage level, glitches associated with transitioning between a ping amplifier and a pong amplifier are reduced or eliminated.

  14. Innovation lab ŠKODA AUTO a.s.

    OpenAIRE

    Prchal, Vojtěch

    2016-01-01

    This bachelor thesis introduces innovation lab issues, mentions actual information about innovation, innovation labs and the process of its realization in co-operation with ŠKODA AUTO a. s. Innovation labs are often a discussed topic in the business world lately and some prestigious companies have been running innovation labs already. According to the position of ŠKODA AUTO a. s. on the market and the absence of realised innovation labs in companies, this bachelor thesis might be benefitial f...

  15. The Last Western Flyer: The Western Auto Century

    OpenAIRE

    Marchman, James

    2004-01-01

    A treasure trove of pictures and history, The Last Western Flyer chronicles one of the most successful small town franchise operations in 20th Century America, Western Auto. It grew from humble beginnings as a penny mailer sent from the kitchen of a Kansas City home to over 5,000 retail outlets under its Circle Arrow signs. Western Auto brought everything from tires, spark plugs, socks, vitamin pills, fishing lures, radios and more, including its famous Western Flyer bikes to America’s major ...

  16. Auto-Clustering using Particle Swarm Optimization and Bacterial Foraging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rutkowski Olesen, Jakob; Cordero, Jorge; Zeng, Yifeng

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a hybrid approach for clustering based on particle swarm optimization (PSO) and bacteria foraging algorithms (BFA). The new method AutoCPB (Auto-Clustering based on particle bacterial foraging) makes use of autonomous agents whose primary objective is to cluster chunks of data...... by using simplistic collaboration. Inspired by the advances in clustering using particle swarm optimization, we suggest further improvements. Moreover, we gathered standard benchmark datasets and compared our new approach against the standard K-means algorithm, obtaining promising results. Our hybrid...

  17. Tracking high amplitude auto-oscillations with digital Fresnel holograms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Picart, Pascal; Leval, Julien; Piquet, Francis; Boileau, Jean P.; Guimezanes, Thomas; Dalmont, Jean-Pierre

    2007-06-01

    Method for tracking vibrations with high amplitude of several hundreds of micrometers is presented. It is demonstrated that it is possible to reconstruct a synthetic high amplitude deformation of auto-oscillations encoded with digital Fresnel holograms. The setup is applied to the auto-oscillation of a clarinet reed in a synthetic mouth. Tracking of the vibration is performed by using the pressure signal delivered by the mouth. Experimental results show the four steps of the reed movement and especially emphasize the shocks of the reed on the mouthpiece.

  18. Tracking high amplitude auto-oscillations with digital Fresnel holograms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Picart, Pascal; Leval, Julien; Piquet, Francis; Boileau, Jean P; Guimezanes, Thomas; Dalmont, Jean-Pierre

    2007-06-25

    Method for tracking vibrations with high amplitude of several hundreds of micrometers is presented. It is demonstrated that it is possible to reconstruct a synthetic high amplitude deformation of auto-oscillations encoded with digital Fresnel holograms. The setup is applied to the auto-oscillation of a clarinet reed in a synthetic mouth. Tracking of the vibration is performed by using the pressure signal delivered by the mouth. Experimental results show the four steps of the reed movement and especially emphasize the shocks of the reed on the mouthpiece. PMID:19547155

  19. Measurement of the distribution of auto activation in lucite block

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Distribution of positron emitters induced through auto activation of 12C(135MeV/u, nominal) in Lucite were measured with coincidence counting technique. A major product was 11C and peaked at near the range of 11C calculated on the basis of energy (11/12) times that of projectiles. Dose dissipated at Bragg peak of the beam estimated to be comparable to the dose used in radiation therapy and auto activation technique can hardly be used for assessment of dose distribution. (author)

  20. Auto-calibration of Systematic Odometry Errors in Mobile Robots

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bak, Martin; Larsen, Thomas Dall; Andersen, Nils Axel; Ravn, Ole

    This paper describes the phenomenon of systematic errors in odometry models in mobile robots and looks at various ways of avoiding it by means of auto-calibration. The systematic errors considered are incorrect knowledge of the wheel base and the gains from encoder readings to wheel displacement....... By auto-calibration we mean a standardized procedure which estimates the uncertainties using only on-board equipment such as encoders, an absolute measurement system and filters; no intervention by operator or off-line data processing is necessary. Results are illustrated by a number of simulations...... and experiments on a mobile robot....

  1. The U.S. Auto Industry Under Duress: Fit, or Finished?

    OpenAIRE

    John Kwoka

    2009-01-01

    A great debate has emerged over the causes of the auto industry’s collapse, the rationale for government intervention, and the effects of competition between government owned and private auto companies.

  2. 基于AutoCAD的建筑制图应用分析%Analysis of construction drawing based on AutoCAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨小玉

    2014-01-01

    由于科学技术的迅猛发展,AutoCAD的建筑制图也广泛运用于建筑领域,而且越来越受社会所重视。文章首先简要介绍了AutoCAD在建筑制图中的教学应用,然后介绍了AutoCAD的初始设置应用以及AutoCAD制图的设置应用,最后对AutoCAD在建筑制图中的技巧应用做出了全面的分析。%Because of the rapid development of science and technology,AutoCAD construction drawings are widely used in the construction field,and more and more social attention.This paper briefly introduces theapplication of AutoCAD in the construction of teaching in the drawing,and then introduced the set AutoCAD initialapplication and set the application of AutoCAD drawing,finally has made the comprehensive analysis of the skills used in architectural drawing in AutoCAD.

  3. Firemní kultura ŠKODA AUTO a.s.

    OpenAIRE

    Davidová, Claudia

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this bachelor thesis is to analyze the corporate culture of SKODA AUTO a. s. The first part of the thesis deals with theoretical knowledge connected with this topic. The second chapter presents the company SKODA AUTO itself. The third part is focused on corporate culture of SKODA AUTO a. s. and their employees. The mainstay of the thesis is the final chapter that interprets results of survey and comes to conclusions about corporate culture of SKODA AUTO a. s.

  4. 利用AutoCAD绘制三角函数的图象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张赵管

    2014-01-01

    针对AutoCAD使用过程中没有函数曲线绘制命令的问题,结合数学作图给出了在AutoCAD中绘制函数曲线的简便方法,对于AutoCAD的中绘制各类函数曲线有一定的实际意义,拓展了AutoCAD应用范围。

  5. AutoCAD在园林制图中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘光辉

    2015-01-01

    编辑和图形绘制功能较为强大的AutoCAD在园林制图中应用较广。本文简要探讨了AutoCAD应用于园林制图的方法,并描述了AutoCAD的应用例子和实际效果,最后指出AutoCAD在园林制图中的缺陷和优势。

  6. Research on remote sensing image pixel attribute data acquisition method in AutoCAD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiaoyang; Sun, Guangtong; Liu, Jun; Liu, Hui

    2013-07-01

    The remote sensing image has been widely used in AutoCAD, but AutoCAD lack of the function of remote sensing image processing. In the paper, ObjectARX was used for the secondary development tool, combined with the Image Engine SDK to realize remote sensing image pixel attribute data acquisition in AutoCAD, which provides critical technical support for AutoCAD environment remote sensing image processing algorithms.

  7. 中职AutoCAD课程有效教学探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘远林

    2011-01-01

    本文针对中职AutoCAD课程传统教学中存在的问题,结合笔者的AutoCAD教学经验,就如何有效提高AutoCAD课程的教学质量进行了一番探析,以使中职毕业生的AutoCAD水平达到用人单位的要求。

  8. 高职院校AutoCAD教学方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨謦

    2011-01-01

    高职院校AutoCAD课程的教师要积极探索有效的教学方法,改进AutoCAD教学效果,培养学生的专业能力.本文分析了AutoCAD教学现状,开发了有效的AutoCAD教学方法。

  9. AutoCAD在建筑领域中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵迎

    2008-01-01

    掌握AutoCAD是从事建筑设计工作的基本要求,AutoCAD技术在建筑领域中应用的特点是:精确、快速、效率高。AutoCAD技术在建筑设计的一般步骤同手绘大致相同。建筑AutoCAD学习的要点是灵活运用。

  10. Removal of platinum group metals from the used auto catalytic converter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Fornalczyk

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Recycling of platinum group metals from the used auto catalytic converters is profitable from ecological and also economical point of view. This work presents the analysis of the chances of removing the platinum group metals (PGM from the used auto catalytic converters applying pyrometallurgical and hydrometallurgical methods. The characteristics of auto catalytic converter is shown as well the available technologies used for processing the auto catalytic converters are also presented.

  11. Removal of platinum group metals from the used auto catalytic converter

    OpenAIRE

    A. Fornalczyk; M. Saternus

    2009-01-01

    Recycling of platinum group metals from the used auto catalytic converters is profitable from ecological and also economical point of view. This work presents the analysis of the chances of removing the platinum group metals (PGM) from the used auto catalytic converters applying pyrometallurgical and hydrometallurgical methods. The characteristics of auto catalytic converter is shown as well the available technologies used for processing the auto catalytic converters are also presented.

  12. The evaluation of radiation dose by exposure method in digital magnification mammography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In digital mammography, Exposure factor were automatically chosen using by measurement breast thickness and the density of mammary gland. It may cause a increase glandular dose. The purpose of this study was to investigate optimal image quality in digital magnification mammography to decrease radiation exposure of patient dose. Auto mode gives the best image quality however, AGD showed better image quality. Image quality of manual mode passed phantom test and SNR at 55% mAs of auto mode commonly used in the digital magnification mammography. Also it could reduce AGD. According to result, manual mode may reduce the unnecessary radiation exposure in digital magnification mammography

  13. Environmental risk factors differ between rheumatoid arthritis with and without auto-antibodies against cyclic citrullinated peptides

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Line Merete Blak; Jacobsen, Søren; Klarlund, Mette;

    2006-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate new and previously hypothesised non-genetic risk factors for serologic subtypes of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) defined by the presence or absence of auto-antibodies to cyclic citrullinated peptides (CCP). In a national case-control study, we included 515 patien...... recently diagnosed with RA according to the American College of Rheumatology 1987 classification criteria and 769 gender- and age-matched population controls. Telephone interviews provided information about non-genetic exposures, and serum samples for patients were tested for anti...

  14. Development and validation of 'AutoRIF': software for the automated analysis of radiation-induced foci

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    McVean Andrew

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The quantification of radiation-induced foci (RIF to investigate the induction and subsequent repair of DNA double strands breaks is now commonplace. Over the last decade systems specific for the automatic quantification of RIF have been developed for this purpose, however to ask more mechanistic questions on the spatio-temporal aspects of RIF, an automated RIF analysis platform that also quantifies RIF size/volume and relative three-dimensional (3D distribution of RIF within individual nuclei, is required. Results A java-based image analysis system has been developed (AutoRIF that quantifies the number, size/volume and relative nuclear locations of RIF within 3D nuclear volumes. Our approach identifies nuclei using the dynamic Otsu threshold and RIF by enhanced Laplacian filtering and maximum entropy thresholding steps and, has an application 'batch optimisation' process to ensure reproducible quantification of RIF. AutoRIF was validated by comparing output against manual quantification of the same 2D and 3D image stacks with results showing excellent concordance over a whole range of sample time points (and therefore range of total RIF/nucleus after low-LET radiation exposure. Conclusions This high-throughput automated RIF analysis system generates data with greater depth of information and reproducibility than that which can be achieved manually and may contribute toward the standardisation of RIF analysis. In particular, AutoRIF is a powerful tool for studying spatio-temporal relationships of RIF using a range of DNA damage response markers and can be run independently of other software, enabling most personal computers to perform image analysis. Future considerations for AutoRIF will likely include more complex algorithms that enable multiplex analysis for increasing combinations of cellular markers.

  15. Auto-correlation analysis of ocean surface wind vectors

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abhijit Sarkar; Sujit Basu; A K Varma; Jignesh Kshatriya

    2002-09-01

    The nature of the inherent temporal variability of surface winds is analyzed by comparison of winds obtained through different measurement methods. In this work, an auto-correlation analysis of a time series data of surface winds measured in situ by a deep water buoy in the Indian Ocean has been carried out. Hourly time series data available for 240 hours in the month of May, 1999 were subjected to an auto-correlation analysis. The analysis indicates an exponential fall of the auto- correlation in the first few hours with a decorrelation time scale of about 6 hours. For a meaningful comparison between satellite derived products and in situ data, satellite data acquired at different time intervals should be used with appropriate `weights', rather than treating the data as concurrent in time. This paper presents a scheme for temporal weighting using the auto-correlation analysis. These temporal `weights' can potentially improve the root mean square (rms) deviation between satellite and in situ measurements. A case study using the TRMM Microwave Imager (TMI) and Indian Ocean buoy wind speed data resulted in an improvement of about 10%.

  16. A Minimal Six-Point Auto-Calibration Algorithm

    OpenAIRE

    Martyushev, Evgeniy

    2013-01-01

    A non-iterative auto-calibration algorithm is presented. It deals with a minimal set of six scene points in three views taken by a camera with fixed but unknown intrinsic parameters. Calibration is based on the image correspondences only. The algorithm is implemented and validated on synthetic image data.

  17. Auto-calibration of Systematic Odometry Errors in Mobile Robots

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bak, Martin; Larsen, Thomas Dall; Andersen, Nils Axel; Ravn, Ole

    This paper describes the phenomenon of systematic errors in odometry models in mobile robots and looks at various ways of avoiding it by means of auto-calibration. The systematic errors considered are incorrect knowledge of the wheel base and the gains from encoder readings to wheel displacement...... and experiments on a mobile robot....

  18. Fra form-Z til AutoCad

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Henrik

    2003-01-01

    Dette kursus er lavet for at forberede de studerende til deres tegnestuepraktik, og dets indhold er planlagt i samarbejde med tegnestuerne. I 2003 var form-Z Arkitektskolens grundlæggende CAD-program; men på tegnestuerne arbejde man med AutoCad. Kurset er opbygget over CAD Clasic skabelonen (se min...

  19. Stability of the AutoQUANT (ADAC) package: filter choices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Functional assessment of the left ventricle is an integral part of the overall gated myocardial SPECT evaluation. Interpretation of perfusion images is to some extent subjective with varied preferences regarding the degree of smoothing and background subtraction. In this study we compare the functional parameters reported by the AutoQUANT (ADAC) package following processing of the raw data with five different default filters. 18 Sets of gated SPECT data were reconstructed using five different filters at the default settings. The filters used were Butterworth (Freq 0.55, order 5), Gaussian (0.55, 5), Hanning (0.55), Hamming (0.55) and Parzen (0.55). The reconstructed data was analysed using the AutoQUANT package and parameters for ejection fraction, wall motion and wall thickening were analysed. No significant difference was found in the functional parameters as reported by the AutoQUANT package using different reconstruction filters. The maximum absolute variation in the parameters was as follows: LVEF 3%, Wall Motion 0.7mm and Wall Thickening 5%. The AutoQuant package is stable in its reporting of the myocardial functional parameters regardless of the filters applied during the reconstruction of the raw data. Copyright (2002) The Australian and New Zealand Society of Nuclear Medicine Inc

  20. An Integration of Math with Auto Technician Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valenzuela, Hector

    2012-01-01

    This article describes the development of the contextualized math, the course design, student teaching and daily interaction with the students, and the implementation aspects of the research project designed to develop contextualized mathematics and integrate it into the Auto Technician courses. The applied math curriculum was integrated into…

  1. Auto-Tutorial Instruction in Entomology: Principles of Entomology (Orders).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minnick, D. R.; Steele, K. L.

    Auto-tutorial instruction was compared to traditional lecture instruction in a university entomology course. In seven consecutive terms, undergraduate students enrolled in an introductory entomology course were divided into two groups: Group I received only lecture instruction on insect orders, while Group II was dismissed for three consecutive…

  2. Careers in Auto Racing: Work in the Fast Lane

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawhorn, William

    2009-01-01

    Long before most people had seen an automobile, thrill-seekers across the globe were driving cars competitively. The speed of racecars has accelerated steadily, as has the popularity of the sport. In public opinion polls of sports popularity, in fact, auto racing consistently finishes near the top. Racecar drivers may be the star of their event,…

  3. A New Technique for CCD Camera Auto-Calibration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaodong Zhang; Changku Sun; Zhixiong Wang; Wei Wei

    2003-01-01

    A novel feature-round-based coplanar drone for the CCD camera auto-calibration is designed. Based on the ellipse similarity, an ellipse recognition algorithm is proposed. The experiment indicates the calibration error is less than 0.4 pixel.

  4. The 4th China International (Syria) Auto Exhibiton Tour

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Jinliang; Bai Yifeng

    2006-01-01

    @@ On April 23, 2006,the Opening Cer emony of "Foton Cup" the Fourth China International (Syria) Auto Exhibition Tour (CIAET) was held in Damascus. Syrian Minister of Economy and Trade, Director of Syrian Chamber of Commerce, Iraqi Ambassador to Syria, Chinese Ambassador to Syria, Counsellor of the Economic and Commercial Counsellor's Office of the Embassy of P. R. China in Syria attended the ceremony.

  5. 47 CFR 80.307 - Compulsory use of radiotelegraph auto alarm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Compulsory use of radiotelegraph auto alarm. 80.307 Section 80.307 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL... Safety Watches § 80.307 Compulsory use of radiotelegraph auto alarm. The radiotelegraph auto...

  6. Auto Body Welding 2 (Course Outline), Automotive Body Repair and Refinishing 1: 9033.04.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

    The 90-hour course is a foundation quinmester course in welding for the auto body repairman. The outline consists of seven blocks of instruction (orientation, 6 hours; auto body oxyacetylene welding, 10 hours; electric arc welding equipment, 6 hours; auto body electric arc welding, 8 hours; position welding, 40 hours; electric spot welders, 16…

  7. Multilevel Parallelization of AutoDock 4.2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norgan Andrew P

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Virtual (computational screening is an increasingly important tool for drug discovery. AutoDock is a popular open-source application for performing molecular docking, the prediction of ligand-receptor interactions. AutoDock is a serial application, though several previous efforts have parallelized various aspects of the program. In this paper, we report on a multi-level parallelization of AutoDock 4.2 (mpAD4. Results Using MPI and OpenMP, AutoDock 4.2 was parallelized for use on MPI-enabled systems and to multithread the execution of individual docking jobs. In addition, code was implemented to reduce input/output (I/O traffic by reusing grid maps at each node from docking to docking. Performance of mpAD4 was examined on two multiprocessor computers. Conclusions Using MPI with OpenMP multithreading, mpAD4 scales with near linearity on the multiprocessor systems tested. In situations where I/O is limiting, reuse of grid maps reduces both system I/O and overall screening time. Multithreading of AutoDock's Lamarkian Genetic Algorithm with OpenMP increases the speed of execution of individual docking jobs, and when combined with MPI parallelization can significantly reduce the execution time of virtual screens. This work is significant in that mpAD4 speeds the execution of certain molecular docking workloads and allows the user to optimize the degree of system-level (MPI and node-level (OpenMP parallelization to best fit both workloads and computational resources.

  8. Exposure Forecaster

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Exposure Forecaster Database (ExpoCastDB) is EPA's database for aggregating chemical exposure information and can be used to help with chemical exposure...

  9. AutoCAD技术在建筑设计中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵卫利; 魏峰

    2013-01-01

    本文阐述了AutoCAD技术在建筑设计中的应用情况及AutoCAD在建筑设计中功能应用,随着AutoCAD技术的发展,人们越来越熟练的使用AutoCAD进行建筑图纸的设计,AutoCAD让建筑图样更准确,让建筑施工更精细,更精确。

  10. Auto-correlation Properties of Scattering Light in Ultrasound-modulated Random Media

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Xiqin; XING Da; LIU Ying; MA Shining

    2001-01-01

    In this paper, the auto-correlation properties of scattering light in random media modulated by ultrasound were studied. The expression of temporal auto-correlation function of scattering light amplitude in the ultrasound-modulated media was presented. The results show that the auto-correlation function is modulated as the ultrasound is introduced into the media and the modulation amplitude decays with correlation time. The influences of ultrasound amplitude, Brownian diffusion coefficient, scattering and absorption coefficients on auto-correlation function were discussed. The auto-correlation imaging of an object hidden in random media was also studied by the use of Monte Carlo simulations.

  11. The skills of assistant architectural decoration design and engineering drafting with AutoCAD%AutoCAD辅助建筑装饰设计及工程制图的技巧

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵乘胜

    2008-01-01

    详细的叙述了AutoCAD的绘图步骤,AutoCAD的精确绘图设置,AutoCAD的个性化命令定制,AutoCAD中块和图层的作用,AutoCAD文件的垃圾清理及应用中的一些弊病等,以期能给日常的学习和工作带来帮助和提高.

  12. Logistics Optimization of Auto Parts Supplier Embedded by Service Alliance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yue LONG

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available To study the logistics service optimization of auto parts suppliers in China, this paper proposes a logistics service optimization model of many service enterprises to one supplier. This model which takes two logistics service enterprises and one supplier as research objects includes the enterprise interests growth model based on the Lotka-Volterra model and interests distribution model using Shapley value method amended by the contribution factor. Furthermore, an example is given to testify the model. The results show that the auto parts supplier’s logistics can be improved and cost can be reduced if the logistics service alliance was established successfully with one core integrating service enterprise and a total logistics service solution was provided. The results also show that as the cost reduces, the interests of the alliance increase and the rational distribution by the integrating service enterprise will help promote the interests of all members

  13. Controladores auto-ajustables para una clase de sistemas bilineales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Patete

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo, se propone un algoritmo auto-ajustable implícito basado en el criterio de varianza mínima generalizada para la estabilización de una clase de sistemas bilineales. La estabilidad del algoritmo propuesto es demostrada usando una función de Lyapunov y la estrategia de control por superficie deslizante. El algoritmo auto-ajustable propuesto es aplicado a una planta piloto térmica para evaluar su desempeño. / In this paper, a self-tuning algorithm based on the generalized minimum variance criterion is proposed for the stabilization of a class of bilinear systems. Using a Lyapunov function and the sliding mode control approach, the stability of the proposed algorithm is proven. The proposed self-tuning algorithm is applied to a simulated example to evaluate its performance.

  14. Numerical Analysis of Auto-ignition of Ethanol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasudevan Raghavan

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Renewable and alternative fuels such as ethanol find application in several combustion devices. Fundamental characteristics of these fuels in terms of ignition and burning rate are to be understood in order to use them in these applications. In this study, a numerical analysis of auto ignition characteristics of ethanol is presented. Opposed flow configuration, in which fuel and nitrogen emerges from the bottom duct and hot air flows down from the top duct, has been employed. Commercial CFD software FLUENT is used in the simulations. Global single step mechanism is used to model kinetics. For various mass fractions of fuel, the air temperature at which auto-ignition occurs has been recorded. The numerical results are compared with the experimental data available in literature.

  15. Error Estimation for the Linearized Auto-Localization Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Seco

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The Linearized Auto-Localization (LAL algorithm estimates the position of beacon nodes in Local Positioning Systems (LPSs, using only the distance measurements to a mobile node whose position is also unknown. The LAL algorithm calculates the inter-beacon distances, used for the estimation of the beacons’ positions, from the linearized trilateration equations. In this paper we propose a method to estimate the propagation of the errors of the inter-beacon distances obtained with the LAL algorithm, based on a first order Taylor approximation of the equations. Since the method depends on such approximation, a confidence parameter τ is defined to measure the reliability of the estimated error. Field evaluations showed that by applying this information to an improved weighted-based auto-localization algorithm (WLAL, the standard deviation of the inter-beacon distances can be improved by more than 30% on average with respect to the original LAL method.

  16. An Auto ranging Data Converter Implementation in FPGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jithin Krishnan

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available A novel project is being presented here for implementation an auto ranging analog to digital converter for biomedical applications completely inside an FPGA - i.e. an all-digital analog to digital (A/D converter system. The only analog part is the auto ranging circuitry and an RC Integrator outside FPGA. The system outputs 24 bits and features a sigma delta ADC of 16 bits resolution, a range detection unit with 7 bits and a sign bit for polarity detection. The analog part of the modulator is done utilizing the LVDS transceiver in the FPGA making it a real digital one. The digital section of sigma delta ADC containing the decimation filter banks is done in a cascaded filter structure form including a CIC decimation filter, droop compensation and half-band filters. The top level module was coded using VHDL and the simulation was carried out with ModelSim and MATLAB.

  17. Biometric feature extraction using local fractal auto-correlation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Image texture feature extraction is a classical means for biometric recognition. To extract effective texture feature for matching, we utilize local fractal auto-correlation to construct an effective image texture descriptor. Three main steps are involved in the proposed scheme: (i) using two-dimensional Gabor filter to extract the texture features of biometric images; (ii) calculating the local fractal dimension of Gabor feature under different orientations and scales using fractal auto-correlation algorithm; and (iii) linking the local fractal dimension of Gabor feature under different orientations and scales into a big vector for matching. Experiments and analyses show our proposed scheme is an efficient biometric feature extraction approach. (condensed matter: structural, mechanical, and thermal properties)

  18. GIS u AutoCAD Map 3D-u

    OpenAIRE

    Glasinović, Frane

    2011-01-01

    AutoCAD Map 3D prvenstveno je CAD alat s dodatnim mogućnostima za izradu GIS sustava. Čine ga skup alata koji omogućavaju jednostavniji rad do vrlo dinamične i interaktivne karte i to s već ugrađenim prostornim analizama. AutoCAD Map se oslanja na snagu CAD-a pri uređivanju podataka, što je ujedno i njegova najveća prednost u odnosu na ostale GIS programe na tržištu. Pripremanje podataka te njihova distribucija i vizualizacija u istoj aplikaciji čine ga idealnim izborom. Rad sa različitim izv...

  19. Globalisation, Crisis and Industrial Relations in the Indian Auto Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    D'Costa, Anthony

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines how the pattern of investment in the Indian auto industry has changed. The author argues that the industrial relations climate has been an important determinant of that pattern. Industrial relations climate is politically and institutionally determined hence any shift in the...... broader capital-labour relation in the wider global economy due to globalisation is argued to be tempered by India's particular national and local institutions governing industrial relations, unionisation, the specific trajectory of the Indian auto industry, and economic development strategies. When much...... of the global industry is reeling under the financial crisis, India's industry has been expanding. However, the power of workers has been declining in conflict-ridden states just as globalisation and deregulation have hastened capital flight to more pro-business regions. The paper draws some policy...

  20. The effect of scintillation in valve auto-oscillators (1961)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In a previous article was analysed the possible sources of fluctuations in a valve auto-oscillator having an oscillating circuit connected to the grid. In particular the shot-noise of the valve has been introduced into the theory by including in the grid circuit an imaginary resistance RL as shown in diagram I. We propose to use this model here for studying the effect of the abnormal background noise of the valve in the low frequency domain (scintillation effect) on the normal working of the auto-oscillator. We will thus bridge the gap between the phenomenological theory of M. Buyle-Bodin, which is only valid for the slow constituents of the scintillation noise, and our previous general theory. A delicate point will thus be resolved, in a region of the spectrum having a great importance in hertzian spectrometry. (author)

  1. Current and vorticity auto correlation functions in open microwave billiards

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Y.-H.; M. Barth; Kuhl, U.; Stoeckmann, H. -J.

    2003-01-01

    Using the equivalence between the quantum-mechanical probability density in a quantum billiard and the Poynting vector in the corresponding microwave system, current distributions were studied in a quantum dot like cavity, as well as in a Robnik billiard with lambda=0.4, and an introduced ferrite cylinder. Spatial auto correlation functions for currents and vorticity were studied and compared with predictions from the random-superposition-of-plane-waves hypothesis. In addition different types...

  2. Škoda Auto Brand Positioning in Strategic Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Voronina, Anna

    2012-01-01

    The main objective of this research is to analyze branding and brand positioning as its essential part and a strong tool of brand management, especially in the automotive industry. These theoretical implications will be further applied on the case of ŠKODA Auto brand in three strategic markets -- the Czech Republic, Russia and India -- for comparison, disclosure and explanation of differences and specifics. The work consists of three chapters. The first chapter is devoted to a theoretical res...

  3. Ocenenie skupiny AAA Auto Group N.V.

    OpenAIRE

    Tatár, Dávid

    2012-01-01

    The objective of diploma thesis is about to define a value of a international group AAA Auto Group N. V. which operates on the czech, slovak and russian market with used cars and analysis of an ability to increase shareholder's value in the future. It is structured as an expert opinion. It defines purpose, subject and exact date of valuation, valuation method's overview, strategic (macro and micro) and financial group analysis on the main markets. Consolidated financial plan was created as a ...

  4. CICAAR - Convolutive ICA with an Auto-Regressive Inverse Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dyrholm, Mads; Hansen, Lars Kai

    2004-01-01

    We invoke an auto-regressive IIR inverse model for convolutive ICA and derive expressions for the likelihood and its gradient. We argue that optimization will give a stable inverse. When there are more sensors than sources the mixing model parameters are estimated in a second step by least square...... estimation. We demonstrate the method on synthetic data and finally separate speech and music in a real room recording....

  5. Automobile as the flexible peak shaver; Auto als flexibele piekscheerder

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roggen, M. (ed.)

    2008-07-01

    The motorcar industry and the electricity sector are coming together due to the demand for a sustainable energy system. This may result in 2 million cars being able to connect to the grid at home in 2025. [mk]. [Dutch] De automobielindustrie en de elektriciteitssector worden dankzij de roep om een duurzame energievoorziening met elkaar in contact gebracht. Het resultaat kan zijn dat in 2025 bijna 2 miljoen auto's aan huis op het elektriciteitsnet kunnen worden aangesloten.

  6. Testing First-Order Logic Axioms in AutoCert

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahn, Ki Yung; Denney, Ewen

    2009-01-01

    AutoCert [2] is a formal verification tool for machine generated code in safety critical domains, such as aerospace control code generated from MathWorks Real-Time Workshop. AutoCert uses Automated Theorem Provers (ATPs) [5] based on First-Order Logic (FOL) to formally verify safety and functional correctness properties of the code. These ATPs try to build proofs based on user provided domain-specific axioms, which can be arbitrary First-Order Formulas (FOFs). These axioms are the most crucial part of the trusted base, since proofs can be submitted to a proof checker removing the need to trust the prover and AutoCert itself plays the part of checking the code generator. However, formulating axioms correctly (i.e. precisely as the user had really intended) is non-trivial in practice. The challenge of axiomatization arise from several dimensions. First, the domain knowledge has its own complexity. AutoCert has been used to verify mathematical requirements on navigation software that carries out various geometric coordinate transformations involving matrices and quaternions. Axiomatic theories for such constructs are complex enough that mistakes are not uncommon. Second, adjusting axioms for ATPs can add even more complexity. The axioms frequently need to be modified in order to have them in a form suitable for use with ATPs. Such modifications tend to obscure the axioms further. Thirdly, speculating validity of the axioms from the output of existing ATPs is very hard since theorem provers typically do not give any examples or counterexamples.

  7. Asiakastyytyväisyystutkimus : Case: AutoSein Oy

    OpenAIRE

    Autio, Eero

    2012-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön aiheena on asiakastyytyväisyystutkimus AutoSein Oy:lle. Tarkoituksena oli selvittää uuden auton ostaneiden asiakkaiden tyytyväisyyden taso heidän saamaansa palveluun. Tutkitut palvelutilanteet olivat auton myyntitapahtuma, huollon- ja korjauksen vastaanotto ja huolto- ja korjauspalvelu. Tutkimus toteutettiin kvantitatiivisena osatutkimuksena puhelinhaastatteluilla 2010 kesän aikana. Haastattelu pyrittiin tekemään kaikille viimeisen vuoden aikana ostaneille asiakkaille pois l...

  8. Possibilities of platinum recovery from metal supported spent auto catalysts

    OpenAIRE

    A. Fornalczyk; Cebulski, J.; M. Saternus; Willner, J

    2014-01-01

    The used auto catalytic converter is a valuable source of platinum group metals, so it is important to have it recycled in order to recover precious metals. World literature describes a number of pyro- or hydrometallurgical methods used for recovery of platinum from used automobile catalytic converters. However, all the methods, available in the literature, are used to recover platinum from ceramic carrier. Among automotive catalysts withdrawn from use, these with metallic carrier constitute ...

  9. An Interactive Auto-recharging System for Mobile Robots

    OpenAIRE

    Kuo-Lan Su; Yi-Lin Liao; Shih-Ping Lin; Sian-Fu Lin

    2014-01-01

    The article describes a new auto-charging system designed to enhance successful docking rates for mobile robots while at the same time monitoring the status of the charging current between the mobile robot and the docking station. The communication interface of the mobile robot and the docking station uses a wireless RF interface. The docking station is designed with one active degree of freedom and two passive degrees of freedom. Users tune the location of the charging pins on the docking st...

  10. 3D ultrasonic ray tracing in AutoCAD®

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reilly, D.; Leggat, P.; McNab, A.

    2001-04-01

    To assist with the design and validation of testing procedures for NDT, add-on modules have been developed for AutoCAD® 2000. One of the modules computes and displays ultrasonic 3D ray tracing. Another determines paths between two points, for instance a probe and a target or two probes. The third module displays phased array operational modes and calculates element delays for phased array operation. The modules can be applied to simple or complex solid model components.

  11. AutoPyFactory: A Scalable Flexible Pilot Factory Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caballero, J.; Hover, J.; Love, P.; Stewart, G. A.

    2012-12-01

    The ATLAS experiment at the CERN LHC is one of the largest users of grid computing infrastructure, which is a central part of the experiment's computing operations. Considerable efforts have been made to use grid technology in the most efficient and effective way, including the use of a pilot job based workload management framework. In this model the experiment submits ‘pilot’ jobs to sites without payload. When these jobs begin to run they contact a central service to pick-up a real payload to execute. The first generation of pilot factories were usually specific to a single Virtual Organization (VO), and were bound to the particular architecture of that VO's distributed processing. A second generation provides factories which are more flexible, not tied to any particular VO, and provide new and improved features such as monitoring, logging, profiling, etc. In this paper we describe this key part of the ATLAS pilot architecture, a second generation pilot factory, AutoPyFactory. AutoPyFactory has a modular design and is highly configurable. It is able to send different types of pilots to sites and exploit different submission mechanisms and queue characteristics. It is tightly integrated with the PanDA job submission framework, coupling pilot flow to the amount of work the site has to run. It gathers information from many sources in order to correctly configure itself for a site and its decision logic can easily be updated. Integrated into AutoPyFactory is a flexible system for delivering both generic and specific job wrappers which can perform many useful actions before starting to run end-user scientific applications, e.g., validation of the middleware, node profiling and diagnostics, and monitoring. AutoPyFactory also has a robust monitoring system that has been invaluable in establishing a reliable pilot factory service for ATLAS.

  12. Nearly auto-parallel maps and modelling of field interactions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main purpose of this paper is to extend the theory of nearly geodesic mappings (ng-maps) of affine connected spaces to the case of maps for bundle spaces. Recently, the ng-map theory has been developed for generalized affine metric spaces, the nearly auto-parallel map theory (ng-map). There are a lot of applications of na-methods in classical and quantum gravity and in Twistor theory. (Author) 19 Refs

  13. Distributed Computation, the Twisted Isomorphism, and Auto-Poiesis

    OpenAIRE

    Manthey, Michael

    1998-01-01

    This paper presents a synchronization-based, multi-process computational model of anticipatory systems called the Phase Web. It describes a self-organizing paradigm that explicitly recognizes and exploits the existence of a boundary between inside and outside, accepts and exploits intentionality, and uses explicit self-reference to describe eg. auto-poiesis. The model explicitly connects computation to a discrete Clifford algebraic formalization that is in turn extended into homology and co-h...

  14. GE Money Bank in Norway : competitor analysis in auto market

    OpenAIRE

    Gusarova, Anna

    2006-01-01

    In this Sivilokonom study the financial industry in Norway is analysed and a competitor analysis in AUTO market is performed for GE Money Bank. The industry analysis is based on the M. Porter’s Five Forces Framework, which includes the analysis of Suppliers, Buyers, Potential New Entrants, Product Substitutes and Rivalry. From this analysis it is concluded that the strongest force in the industry is Rivalry with fierce competition and numerous actors on the market. It is also clear that the b...

  15. Reducing auto moiré in discrete line juxtaposed halftoning

    OpenAIRE

    Babaei, Vahid; Hersch, Roger,

    2013-01-01

    Discrete line juxtaposed halftoning creates color halftones with discrete colorant lines of freely selectable rational thicknesses laid-out side by side. Screen elements are made of parallelogram screen tiles incorporating the discrete colorant lines. The repetition of discrete colorant lines from one screen element to the next may create auto moiré artifacts. By decomposing each supertile into screen element tiles having slightly different rational thicknesses, we ensure that successive disc...

  16. A Generative Process for Sampling Contractive Auto-Encoders

    OpenAIRE

    Rifai, Salah; Bengio, Yoshua; Dauphin, Yann; Vincent, Pascal

    2012-01-01

    The contractive auto-encoder learns a representation of the input data that captures the local manifold structure around each data point, through the leading singular vectors of the Jacobian of the transformation from input to representation. The corresponding singular values specify how much local variation is plausible in directions associated with the corresponding singular vectors, while remaining in a high-density region of the input space. This paper proposes a procedure for generating ...

  17. Deep Denoising Auto-encoder for Statistical Speech Synthesis

    OpenAIRE

    Wu, Zhenzhou; Takaki, Shinji; Yamagishi, Junichi

    2015-01-01

    This paper proposes a deep denoising auto-encoder technique to extract better acoustic features for speech synthesis. The technique allows us to automatically extract low-dimensional features from high dimensional spectral features in a non-linear, data-driven, unsupervised way. We compared the new stochastic feature extractor with conventional mel-cepstral analysis in analysis-by-synthesis and text-to-speech experiments. Our results confirm that the proposed method increases the quality of s...

  18. Dissolution of Metal Supported Spent Auto Catalysts in Acids

    OpenAIRE

    Fornalczyk A.; Kraszewski M.; Willner J.; Kaduková J.; Mrážiková A.; Marcinčáková R.; Velgosová O.

    2016-01-01

    Metal supported auto catalysts, have been used in sports and racing cars initially, but nowadays their application systematically increases. In Metal Substrate (supported) Converters (MSC), catalytic functions are performed by the Platinum Group Metals (PGM): Pt, Pd, Rh, similarly to the catalysts on ceramic carriers. The contents of these metals make that spent catalytic converters are valuable source of precious metals. All over the world there are many methods for the metals recovery from ...

  19. Risk-based Auto-Delegation for Probabilistic Availability

    OpenAIRE

    Krautsevich, Leanid; Martinelli, Fabio; Morisset, Charles; Yautsiukhin, Artsiom

    2011-01-01

    Dynamic and evolving systems might require flexible access control mechanisms, in order to make sure that the unavailability of some users does not prevent the system to be functional, in particular for emergency-prone environments, such as healthcare, natural disaster response teams, or military systems. The auto-delegation mechanism, which combines the strengths of delegation systems and "break-the-glass" policies, was recently introduced to handle such situations, by stating that the most ...

  20. AutoPyFactory: A Scalable Flexible Pilot Factory Implementation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ATLAS experiment at the CERN LHC is one of the largest users of grid computing infrastructure, which is a central part of the experiment's computing operations. Considerable efforts have been made to use grid technology in the most efficient and effective way, including the use of a pilot job based workload management framework. In this model the experiment submits ‘pilot’ jobs to sites without payload. When these jobs begin to run they contact a central service to pick-up a real payload to execute. The first generation of pilot factories were usually specific to a single Virtual Organization (VO), and were bound to the particular architecture of that VO's distributed processing. A second generation provides factories which are more flexible, not tied to any particular VO, and provide new and improved features such as monitoring, logging, profiling, etc. In this paper we describe this key part of the ATLAS pilot architecture, a second generation pilot factory, AutoPyFactory. AutoPyFactory has a modular design and is highly configurable. It is able to send different types of pilots to sites and exploit different submission mechanisms and queue characteristics. It is tightly integrated with the PanDA job submission framework, coupling pilot flow to the amount of work the site has to run. It gathers information from many sources in order to correctly configure itself for a site and its decision logic can easily be updated. Integrated into AutoPyFactory is a flexible system for delivering both generic and specific job wrappers which can perform many useful actions before starting to run end-user scientific applications, e.g., validation of the middleware, node profiling and diagnostics, and monitoring. AutoPyFactory also has a robust monitoring system that has been invaluable in establishing a reliable pilot factory service for ATLAS.

  1. Numerical Analysis of Auto-ignition of Ethanol

    OpenAIRE

    Vasudevan Raghavan

    2011-01-01

    Renewable and alternative fuels such as ethanol find application in several combustion devices. Fundamental characteristics of these fuels in terms of ignition and burning rate are to be understood in order to use them in these applications. In this study, a numerical analysis of auto ignition characteristics of ethanol is presented. Opposed flow configuration, in which fuel and nitrogen emerges from the bottom duct and hot air flows down from the top duct, has been employed. Commercial CFD s...

  2. Geolocation Events Based Auto Theme Changer for Browsers

    OpenAIRE

    Vinay Gentyala; Pranav Nerurkar; Nazneen Ansari

    2013-01-01

    People around the world frequently use browser for accessing internet through the World Wide Web. Web browsers are the only source through which useful information can be extracted. In this paper we propose Geolocation events based auto theme changer for browsers as browsers are the applications generally used by masses to access the Internet. In the world of events and lively festivals people have hard time remembering each and every historic event that occurred in past. Honorable mentioning...

  3. CICAAR - Convolutive ICA with an Auto-Regressive Inverse Model

    OpenAIRE

    Dyrholm, Mads; Hansen, Lars Kai

    2004-01-01

    We invoke an auto-regressive IIR inverse model for convolutive ICA and derive expressions for the likelihood and its gradient. We argue that optimization will give a stable inverse. When there are more sensors than sources the mixing model parameters are estimated in a second step by least squares estimation. We demonstrate the method on synthetic data and finally separate speech and music in a real room recording.

  4. The 4th China International (Syria) Auto Exhibiton Tour

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu; Jinliang; Bai; Yifeng

    2006-01-01

      On April 23, 2006,the Opening Cer emony of "Foton Cup" the Fourth China International (Syria) Auto Exhibition Tour (CIAET) was held in Damascus. Syrian Minister of Economy and Trade, Director of Syrian Chamber of Commerce, Iraqi Ambassador to Syria, Chinese Ambassador to Syria, Counsellor of the Economic and Commercial Counsellor's Office of the Embassy of P. R. China in Syria attended the ceremony.……

  5. AutoBayes Program Synthesis System System Internals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schumann, Johann Martin

    2011-01-01

    This lecture combines the theoretical background of schema based program synthesis with the hands-on study of a powerful, open-source program synthesis system (Auto-Bayes). Schema-based program synthesis is a popular approach toward program synthesis. The lecture will provide an introduction into this topic and discuss how this technology can be used to generate customized algorithms. The synthesis of advanced numerical algorithms requires the availability of a powerful symbolic (algebra) system. Its task is to symbolically solve equations, simplify expressions, or to symbolically calculate derivatives (among others) such that the synthesized algorithms become as efficient as possible. We will discuss the use and importance of the symbolic system for synthesis. Any synthesis system is a large and complex piece of code. In this lecture, we will study Autobayes in detail. AutoBayes has been developed at NASA Ames and has been made open source. It takes a compact statistical specification and generates a customized data analysis algorithm (in C/C++) from it. AutoBayes is written in SWI Prolog and many concepts from rewriting, logic, functional, and symbolic programming. We will discuss the system architecture, the schema libary and the extensive support infra-structure. Practical hands-on experiments and exercises will enable the student to get insight into a realistic program synthesis system and provides knowledge to use, modify, and extend Autobayes.

  6. Development of the fast astigmatic auto-focus microscope system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, a fast auto-focus microscope system was developed based on the astigmatic method. A collimated infrared laser beam was employed in the infinite-corrected microscope optical axis by the beam splitter and reflected by the sample surface. By embedding an astigmatic lens in the system, the reflected laser beam has different focal lengths in the sagittal and tangential planes. As the microscope's relative distance varies, the reflected laser beam shape also varies and can be detected by an embedded four-quadrant photodiode, i.e., the focus error signal (FES) can be found. Then, a fast auto-focus system can be realized by converting the FES to the microscope's defocus distance. We designed an astigmatic auto-focus system for a 20× objective lens with a ±50 µm working range, and this system could also be used for 10× and 5× objectives with ±200 µm and ±800 µm working ranges, respectively

  7. THE RATING OF OPERATING PERFORMANCE OF DOMESTIC AUTO INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming-Huang Ni

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The financial crisis in 2007 delivered a setback to the auto industry in Taiwan. However, the domestic auto companies had adopted various contingency measures that not only overcame the economic downturns but also enhanced their operating performances. It was the perfect storm. This study focuses on the changes of operating performances by domestic auto companies in Taiwan after financial crisis and explores their operating strategies. TOPSIS Model is designed to set the criteria for choosing optimal solutions under the condition that multiple objectives need to be met. Due to the obvious characteristics shown in TOPSIS Model, corporations tend to favor its use in developing a model for operating performance appraisal. This study extracted the financial information disclosed by the listed companies and conducted appraisal. After practical verification, we found that operating performance was indeed related to the ranking orders of the analysis in rating model. In applying the rating model developed in the study, executives will be able to view a better big picture before forming solid strategies. Besides, it may provide stock investors an alternative reference in selecting stocks.

  8. Auto-transfusion tourniquets: the next evolution of tourniquets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tang DH

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available David H Tang,1,2,3 Bohdan T Olesnicky,1,3 Michael W Eby,1,4 Lawrence E Heiskell1,51International School of Tactical Medicine, Palm Springs, CA, USA; 2Eisenhower Medical Center, Rancho Mirage, CA, USA; 3High Desert Medical Center, Joshua Tree, CA, USA; 4Veterans Administration Loma Linda Healthcare System, Loma Linda, CA, USA; 5Fallbrook Community Hospital, Fallbrook, CA, USAAbstract: In this article, we discuss the relationship between hemorrhagic shock and the pathophysiology of shock using conventional tourniquets. We will focus on corollary benefits with the use of HemaClear®, a self-contained, sterile, exsanguinating auto-transfusion tourniquet. This discussion will demonstrate that the use of auto-transfusion tourniquets is a practical evidence-based approach in fluid resuscitation: it shortens the duration of shock after hemorrhage and trauma compared with conventional tourniquets. Emphasis is placed on the use of the HemaClear® as an alternative fluid resuscitation tool which is more efficient in the battlefield, pre-hospital and in-hospital settings.Keywords: auto-transfusion tourniquet, field exsanguination, hemorrhagic shock, tourniquet, perfusion requirement, HemaClear® ATT

  9. AutoCAD using visual basic for secondary development introduction%用Visual Basic进行AutoCAD二次开发方法介绍

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏瑞涛

    2011-01-01

    本文对用Visual Basic二次开发AutoCAD的方法,从实际编程角度加以介绍,并对VB使用AutoCAD提供的Activex自动化服务功能(Activex Automation server capabilities)的基本情况进行了简单的论述.

  10. A case study from Turkey: Turkish auto-gas market towards sustainability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Turkish auto-gas market grew uncontrollably trough its initial years, leading to auto-gas product, retrofit cars, auto-gas filing stations and conversion shops in compliance with standards. Moreover, standards were not even adequate for a healthy market. Auto-gas accidents occurred due to mis-applications. Consequently, real benefits of auto-gas could not come into the picture, and general public as well as auto-gas customers came to perceive auto-gas as an inferior, unsafe and low-performance fuel. Today's market is really different than the markets in its initial years and it has covered a long way towards sustainability. To exemplify, the standards and inspections are well established and more strict than before. The image of auto-gas has improved considerably and now customers know that auto-gas is not only economic but also environment-friendly safe and good performance. The critical factor, bringing the market into sustainability and healthiness, are the developments in 4 crucial areas, namely, the government, LPG distribution companies, OEMs and auto-gas conversion firms and lastly, customers. Another important key success factor is cooperation between these 4 forces. The presentation will mainly focus on developments in these areas. (author)

  11. Periumbilical fat auto-graft associated to a porous orbital implant for socket reconstruction after enucleation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medel, Ramon; Alonso, Tirso; Pelaez, Francisco; Vasquez, LuzMaria

    2016-08-01

    Having to remove the sclera, fat and the optic nerve in patients undergoing an enucleation, translates in a larger volume that needs to be replaced to achieve good motility and aesthetic results. Using a 20 or 22 mm implant can only partially replace the removed volume. We report the results of our enucleation technique, which includes the use of a porous orbital implant combined with a primary fat graft to replace a higher percentage of the removed volume to achieve a better cosmetic outcome and to avoid implant related complications in high risk patients. Prospective, non-randomized study of enucleated patients for whom porous orbital implantation was performed with anterior placement of a fat auto-graft. The development of implant extrusion or exposure was recorded as well as the presence of conjunctival wound dehiscence and infection. Orbital volume was clinically and radiologically evaluated as well. Twenty-eight patients were included, with a postop follow-up of at least 6 months (6-79 months). No cases of migration or extrusion were found. One case of a large exposure resolved completely. All MRI demonstrated proper implant-graft integration and vascularisation. The aesthetic result and the symmetry were very adequate, with Hertel differences of less than 2 mm in all cases and good motility range. The fat graft is well tolerated, showing low incidence of implant-related complications whilst maintaining good volume and motility. PMID:27322024

  12. Public-health assessment for Monroe Auto Equipment Company (Paragould Pit), Paragould, Greene County, Arkansas, Region 6. CERCLIS No. ARD980864110. Preliminary report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-06-22

    The Monroe Auto Equipment Company site (aliases Paragould Pit and Finch Road Landfill) is an industrial landfill located near Paragould, Arkansas. The landfill received wastewater treatment sludge, which contained trichlorethylene and various heavy metals, from the Monroe Auto Equipment Company's Paragould manufacturing facility. Groundwater on-site is contaminated with volatile organic compounds and metals with concentrations of trans-1,2-dichloroethene, chromium and lead exceeding U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) drinking water standards. One off-site monitoring well has been shown to be contaminated with cadmium, chromium, and lead. Approximately 3 dozen households are within a 1-mile radius of the site. The entire area depends on groundwater for drinking water and domestic use. Subsurface soil is contaminated with chromium and lead. Exposure pathways of potential concern include ingestion and inhalation of and dermal contact with disturbed contaminated soil and volatilized organic compounds.

  13. Slow Growth of China's Auto Production and Marketing in the First Four Months

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xue Ning

    2011-01-01

    According to the statistics from China Association of Auto Manufacturers (CAAM),in the first four months of this year,our auto production and marketing grew slowly,while auto import and export grew rapidly.From January to April,the production and marketing of autos were respectively 6,431,100 units and 6,533,900 units,with year-on-year growth of 5.09% and 5.95%,and year-on-year decrease of 58.71% and 54.56% for the growth rate.In April,the production and marketing of autos were respectively 1,535,300 units and 1,552,000 units.It was the first negative growth for China since the financial crisis that our auto industry returned to growth.The overall situation is not optimistic.

  14. What Regularized Auto-Encoders Learn from the Data Generating Distribution

    OpenAIRE

    Alain, Guillaume; Bengio, Yoshua

    2012-01-01

    What do auto-encoders learn about the underlying data generating distribution? Recent work suggests that some auto-encoder variants do a good job of capturing the local manifold structure of data. This paper clarifies some of these previous observations by showing that minimizing a particular form of regularized reconstruction error yields a reconstruction function that locally characterizes the shape of the data generating density. We show that the auto-encoder captures the score (derivative...

  15. Research on Data Sharing between AutoCAD and MapGIS in Cadastral Database Construction

    OpenAIRE

    Yang Cai; Jiajia Liu

    2010-01-01

    In the Second Chinese Country Survey, MAPGIS (Map Geographic Information System) is widely used all over the country in the Cadastral Database Construction. There are plenty original data is saved in the AutoCAD (Auto Computer Aided Design) data format. Therefore it is important to find a way which can exchange and share the data between AutoCAD and MAPGIS effectively and efficiently. In order to use MapGIS cadastral management system building cadastral database, it researched the current tra...

  16. Adaptive endpoint detection of seismic signal based on auto-correlated function

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Based on the analysis of auto-correlation function, the notion of the distance between auto-correlation function was quoted, and the characterization of the noise and the signal with noise were discussed by using the distance. Then, the method of auto- adaptable endpoint detection of seismic signal based on auto-correlated similarity was summed up. The steps of implementation and determining of the thresholds were presented in detail. The experimental results that were compared with the methods based on artificial detecting show that this method has higher sensitivity even in a low signal with noise ratio circumstance

  17. Up and Running with AutoCAD 2012 2D version

    CERN Document Server

    Gindis, Elliot

    2011-01-01

    Get "Up and Running" with AutoCAD using Gindis' combination of step-by-step instruction, examples, and insightful explanations. The emphasis from the beginning is on core concepts and practical application of AutoCAD in architecture, engineering and design. Equally useful in instructor-led classroom training or self-study, the book is written with the student in mind by a long-time AutoCAD user and instructor based on what works in the industry and the classroomStrips away complexities and reduces AutoCAD to easy-to-understand basic conceptsExplains "why" something is done, not just "how": the

  18. AutoCAD课程一体化教学改革的探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈天亮

    2016-01-01

    一体化教学方法有利于提高AutoCAD课程的教学质量.本文分析了AutoCAD传统教学中遇到的问题,提出AutoCAD一体化教学改革的基本思路,并结合教学实际,针对AutoCAD教学改革进行深入探索,以提高教学效率和教学质量.

  19. 浅谈高职AutoCAD课程的教学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷华

    2008-01-01

    主要针对AutoCAD课程在高职院校实际教学中存在的问题进行了探讨,结合教学实际,谈谈在AutoCAD教学中的几点体会,并提出相应的改进措施与建议,更新AutoCAD教学内容,构建"三个一"教学模式,以提高AutoCAD教学效率.

  20. Up and running with AutoCAD 2014 2D and 3D drawing and modeling

    CERN Document Server

    Gindis, Elliot

    2013-01-01

    Get ""Up and Running"" with AutoCAD using Gindis's combination of step-by-step instruction, examples, and insightful explanations. The emphasis from the beginning is on core concepts and practical application of AutoCAD in architecture, engineering and design. Equally useful in instructor-led classroom training, self-study, or as a professional reference, the book is written with the user in mind by a long-time AutoCAD professional and instructor based on what works in the industry and the classroom. Strips away complexities, both real and perceived, and reduces AutoCAD t

  1. Detecting the Auto-configuration Attacks on IPv4 and IPv6 Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Li, He

    2015-01-01

    Auto-configuration is a mechanism, which assigns IP address, default gateway address and DNS server address to a node for accessing to the network. On IPv4 network, auto-configuration is done by using DHCP protocol, but IPv6 network has two ways to assign auto-configuration information to a node, which are stateless address configuration by routers and stateful address configuration by DHCPv6 servers. On the auto-configuration phrase, some attackers may be able to inject a counterfeit informa...

  2. Productivity enhancement and reliability through AutoAnalysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garetto, Anthony; Rademacher, Thomas; Schulz, Kristian

    2015-09-01

    The decreasing size and increasing complexity of photomask features, driven by the push to ever smaller technology nodes, places more and more challenges on the mask house, particularly in terms of yield management and cost reduction. Particularly challenging for mask shops is the inspection, repair and review cycle which requires more time and skill from operators due to the higher number of masks required per technology node and larger nuisance defect counts. While the measurement throughput of the AIMS™ platform has been improved in order to keep pace with these trends, the analysis of aerial images has seen little advancement and remains largely a manual process. This manual analysis of aerial images is time consuming, dependent on the skill level of the operator and significantly contributes to the overall mask manufacturing process flow. AutoAnalysis, the first application available for the FAVOR® platform, offers a solution to these problems by providing fully automated analysis of AIMS™ aerial images. Direct communication with the AIMS™ system allows automated data transfer and analysis parallel to the measurements. User defined report templates allow the relevant data to be output in a manner that can be tailored to various internal needs and support the requests of your customers. Productivity is significantly improved due to the fast analysis, operator time is saved and made available for other tasks and reliability is no longer a concern as the most defective region is always and consistently captured. In this paper the concept and approach of AutoAnalysis will be presented as well as an update to the status of the project. The benefits arising from the use of AutoAnalysis will be discussed in more detail and a study will be performed in order to demonstrate.

  3. Kepler AutoRegressive Planet Search: Motivation & Methodology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caceres, Gabriel; Feigelson, Eric; Jogesh Babu, G.; Bahamonde, Natalia; Bertin, Karine; Christen, Alejandra; Curé, Michel; Meza, Cristian

    2015-08-01

    The Kepler AutoRegressive Planet Search (KARPS) project uses statistical methodology associated with autoregressive (AR) processes to model Kepler lightcurves in order to improve exoplanet transit detection in systems with high stellar variability. We also introduce a planet-search algorithm to detect transits in time-series residuals after application of the AR models. One of the main obstacles in detecting faint planetary transits is the intrinsic stellar variability of the host star. The variability displayed by many stars may have autoregressive properties, wherein later flux values are correlated with previous ones in some manner. Auto-Regressive Moving-Average (ARMA) models, Generalized Auto-Regressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity (GARCH), and related models are flexible, phenomenological methods used with great success to model stochastic temporal behaviors in many fields of study, particularly econometrics. Powerful statistical methods are implemented in the public statistical software environment R and its many packages. Modeling involves maximum likelihood fitting, model selection, and residual analysis. These techniques provide a useful framework to model stellar variability and are used in KARPS with the objective of reducing stellar noise to enhance opportunities to find as-yet-undiscovered planets. Our analysis procedure consisting of three steps: pre-processing of the data to remove discontinuities, gaps and outliers; ARMA-type model selection and fitting; and transit signal search of the residuals using a new Transit Comb Filter (TCF) that replaces traditional box-finding algorithms. We apply the procedures to simulated Kepler-like time series with known stellar and planetary signals to evaluate the effectiveness of the KARPS procedures. The ARMA-type modeling is effective at reducing stellar noise, but also reduces and transforms the transit signal into ingress/egress spikes. A periodogram based on the TCF is constructed to concentrate the signal

  4. An Interactive Auto-recharging System for Mobile Robots

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuo-Lan Su

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The article describes a new auto-charging system designed to enhance successful docking rates for mobile robots while at the same time monitoring the status of the charging current between the mobile robot and the docking station. The communication interface of the mobile robot and the docking station uses a wireless RF interface. The docking station is designed with one active degree of freedom and two passive degrees of freedom. Users tune the location of the charging pins on the docking station to make it possible for the mobile robot to execute an auto-recharging process. The auto-recharging process uses multiple sensors and a laser range finder located on the mobile robot. The laser range finder searches for a landmark to guide the mobile robot towards the docking station. In the experiment, the power of the mobile robot is under its threshold value. The mobile robot transmits a charging command to the docking station via a wireless RF interface. The docking station transmits a location command back to the mobile robot via this wireless RF interface. The mobile robot uses its laser range finder to search for the landmark of the assigned docking station and programs a motion trajectory to move forward to the docking station. The docking station supplies a charging current to the mobile robot by means of a charger. The power detection module simultaneously detects the charging current and the voltage values of the charging process in both the docking station and the mobile robot. The system can monitor the status of the charging process between the docking station and the mobile robot at any time. The power of the mobile robot is enough to be detected by the power detection module. When the charging process is complete, the docking station turns off the charging current and triggers the mobile robot to leave the docking station via the wireless RF interface.

  5. Engineering drawing from first principles using AutoCAD

    CERN Document Server

    Maguire, Dennis E

    1998-01-01

    Engineering Drawing From First Principles is a guide to good draughting for students of engineering who need to learn how to produce technically accurate and detailed designs to British and International Standards. Written by Dennis Maguire, an experienced author and City and Guilds chief examiner, this text is designed for use on Further Education and University courses where a basic understanding of draughtsmanship and CAD is necessary. Although not written as an AutoCAD tutor, the book will be a useful introduction to good CAD practice.Part of the Revision and Self-Assessmen

  6. MAS-SCM for Auto Sector-The Framework

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ritu Sindhu

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to describe in detail the development status of the innovative Multi -Agent based supply chain management (MAS-SCMAS for auto sector. This study was undertaken in view of the significance of improvement in efficiency of automobile sector and the development of a good multi-agent system framework to achieve that. The factors affecting the efficiency or OEE of the industry and the efficiency properties were identified. It was clearly revealed that the available model do not fulfill the needs in the supply chain management of automobile industry and there is a scope for evolving new model resulting in better efficiency.

  7. AutoCAD Civil 3D 2014 essentials

    CERN Document Server

    Chappell, Eric

    2013-01-01

    Quickly learn essential Civil 3D tools and techniques Get a thorough introduction to AutoCAD Civil 3D, the industry-leading engineering software used to design roads, highways, subdivisions, drainage and sewer systems, and more. This Autodesk Official Press book is a unique learning resource that features concise, straightforward explanations and real-world, hands-on exercises and tutorials. With compelling full-color screenshots and approachable exercises that demonstrate core features and functions, the book helps you gain understanding and confidence as you master this premiere

  8. Auto generation plant of Artigas landfill (Bilbao, Spain)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The disposition of MSW in the landfill generates a mixture of gases or biogas, its primary content is methane (50-60%) which has a very important energetic value, that can be very useful. In this sense, the present work point out the characteristics of the auto generation electrical plant of Artigas landfill, just like the results of the analytical study of the past two years. In this project which was partly funded by the UE, have participated Excmo. Ayuntamiento de Bilbao, EVE and CIEMAT. (Author) 6 refs

  9. An African (auto)biography: Ama Ata Aidoo's literary quest

    OpenAIRE

    Pujolràs i Noguer, Esther

    2011-01-01

    An African (Auto)biography: Ama Ata Aidoo's Literary Quest és un estudi exhaustiu del que considero que configura la primera fase de l'obra d'Ama Ata Aidoo, escriptora ghanesa. El text que marca la primera fase del desenvolupament i consolidació de la veu d'Aidoo és Our Sister Killjoy or Reflections from a Black-eyed Squint, un text inclassificable genèricament i una presència indiscutible en la literatura africana anglòfona. La tasca d'escriure que envolta a escriptors/es es defineix per un...

  10. RFID and Auto-ID in planning and logistics

    CERN Document Server

    Jones, Erick C

    2011-01-01

    As RFID technology is becoming increasingly popular, the need has arisen to address the challenges and approaches to successful implementation. RFID and Auto-ID in Planning and Logistics: A Practical Guide for Military UID Applications presents the concepts for students, military personnel and contractors, and corporate managers to learn about RFID and other automatic information capture technologies, and their integration into planning and logistics functions. The text includes comparisons of RFID with technologies such as bar codes, satellite tags, and global positioning systems and provides

  11. Auto-tuning of TITO decoupling controllers from step tests

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang; Huang; Guo

    2000-01-01

    This paper considers auto-tuning of simple lead-lag decoupler plus decentralized PI/PID controllers for effective control of two-input and two-output (TITO) processes. A new robust identification method from step tests is presented first for SISO processes and then sequentially applied to TITO processes. The resulting 1st-order plus dead-time model is used for decoupler design and the 2nd-order one is used for decentralized PID sequential tuning. The simulation is given for illustration of the proposed tuning. PMID:11106293

  12. Mazda kiintotyövaiheiden perustaminen : Delta Auto Oy

    OpenAIRE

    Schreck, Ville

    2012-01-01

    Täyden palvelun autoliikeketju Delta Auto myy ja huoltaa Kia-, Mitsubishi- ja Mazda-merkkisiä autoja paikkakuntakohtaisesti kahdessakymmenessäviidessä toimipisteessä. Opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli tehdä toimiva ratkaisu Mazdan työvaiheiden sekä työpakettien myyntiin Automaster-ohjelmistoon. Työvaiheet sekä ohjeajat tulevat käyttöön kaikkiin Delta Auton toimipisteisiin ympäri Suomea. Työn lähdemateriaalin sain Inchcape Motor Finland Oy:ltä, joka toimii Suomessa Mazdan maahantuojana. Tarve tä...

  13. Ranking green electronic supplier in auto industry using fuzzy Delphi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soheil Sarmad Saeidi

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a study to rank different green supplier involved in supplement of electronic parts in auto industry using fuzzy Delphi. The proposed study uses the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process for weighing criteria and VIKOR method to rank the suppliers. The results show that measures of corporate social responsibility, environmental management system, green procurement and green production are the most important criteria for green supplier selection. In addition, product quality, online tracking of orders, delivery time and quality of online information are the most important criteria for choosing a green electronic supplier.

  14. Independent auto evaluation of an operative radiological protection program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The program of operative radiological protection of a nuclear power plant consists of multiple procedures and associate tasks that have as purpose the radiological protection of the workers of the power station. It is for this reason that the constant evaluation of the one it programs it is an important tool in the identification of their weaknesses (and strengths), so they can be assisted appropriately. In this work the main elements of the program of independent auto evaluation of the program of operative radiological protection of the Laguna Verde Central that has been developed and implemented by the National Institute of Nuclear Research are described. (Author)

  15. Bonding auto-polymerising acrylic resin to acrylic denture teeth.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Nagle, Susan

    2009-09-01

    This study investigated the effect of surface treatments on the shear bond strength of an auto-polymerising acrylic resin cured to acrylic denture teeth. The surface treatments included a combination of grit-blasting and\\/or wetting the surface with monomer. Samples were prepared and then stored in water prior to shear testing. The results indicated that the application of monomer to the surface prior to bonding did not influence the bond strength. Grit blasting was found to significantly increase the bond strength.

  16. Auto-producers and Italian Electricity Board (ENEL): Collaboration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent Italian legislation (Laws No.'s 9 and 10, follow-ups to energy conservation Law 308/1982), has given further legal and financial incentives to industrial firms to opt for on-site power generation through cogeneration. This paper briefly describes the implications of the new relationship which has been created between ENEL (the Italian National Electricity Board) and auto-producers in that which regards cogeneration plant sizing, electricity tariffs for firms ceding power to the national grid, inter-connection requirements, technical assistance, and public and private operator partnerships with ENEL

  17. EXPERIÊNCIA INTERNACIONAL AUTO INICIADA: EXECUTIVOS FRANCESES NO BRASIL.

    OpenAIRE

    Gilberto Sarfati; Marília Mian Ferlim

    2014-01-01

    Tradicionalmente, a experiência de trabalho internacional é decorrente da expatriação pela empresa, entretanto, muitos executivos buscam empregos em outros países por iniciativa própria, trata-se da Experiência Internacional Auto Iniciada (EIA). Este artigo explora as motivações dos franceses que buscam a EIA no Brasil A metodologia utilizada foi qualitativa por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas até a saturação o que resultou em 7 entrevistas com franceses em EIA no Brasil. Os resultados o...

  18. Designing a Decentralized Traffic Information System — AutoNomos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wegener, Axel; Hellbrück, Horst; Fischer, Stefan; Hendriks, Björn; Schmidt, Christiane; Fekete, Sándor P.

    We propose a decentralized traffic information system—Auto-Nomos—that is based on a thorough investigation of the properties of traffic and recommends a hierarchical data aggregation and forwarding for providing individualized information and support to road users. Our approach differs from work in the field by consequently applying local rules and local decentralized data processing, which turns out to be a key property of robust and scalable computing systems. We present a flexible VANET middleware that assists the application development by providing generic functionality for traffic applications. We discuss the architectural design of the overall system and provide solutions of important design concepts demonstrating the innovation of the approach.

  19. Essai pratique de performance des masques auto-sauveteurs SAVOX

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN DGS/GS/PT; N. Dupont-Sagorin

    2009-01-01

    Cette vidéo présente l'essai pratique de performance (EPP) des masques auto-sauveteurs Savox (MSA) par 10 volontaires. Répartis en groupes effectuant différents niveaux d'activité physique, ils ont porté le masque pendant 23 à 51 minutes et ont parcouru de 2,4 à 3,6 km. Des paramètres physiques et subjectifs ont été relevés durant l'essai.

  20. Elastic registration for auto-fluorescence image averaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kubecka, Libor; Jan, Jiri; Kolar, Radim; Jirik, Radovan

    2006-01-01

    The paper describes restitution of geometrical distortions and improvement of signal-to-noise ratio of auto-fluorescence retinal images, finally aimed at segmentation and area estimation of the lipofuscin spots as one of the features to be included in glaucoma diagnosis. The main problems - geometrical and illumination incompatibility of frames in the image sequence and a non-negligible "shear" distortion in the individual frames - have been solved by the presented registration procedure. The concept and some details of the MI-based regularized registration, together with evaluation of test results form the core of the contribution. PMID:17945684

  1. Desarrollo y empleo de juegos educativos on-line destinados al auto-entrenamiento y auto-evaluación

    OpenAIRE

    Espinilla, M.; Palomares, I.; L. Martínez; Pagola, M.; Bustince Sola, Humberto Nicanor

    2010-01-01

    La implantación del EEES, está originando cambios en el modelo docente, cada vez más orientado al trabajo autónomo del alumno. Los contenidos electrónicos que apoyan el proceso de aprendizaje también deben, por tanto, orientarse a facilitar el aprendizaje autónomo, como por ejemplo los procesos de autoevaluación y auto-entrenamiento por parte del estudiante. Por ello, parece adecuado desarrollar contenidos electrónicos que motiven y a la vez entretengan de forma ame...

  2. Permutation auto-mutual information of electroencephalogram in anesthesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Zhenhu; Wang, Yinghua; Ouyang, Gaoxiang; Voss, Logan J.; Sleigh, Jamie W.; Li, Xiaoli

    2013-04-01

    Objective. The dynamic change of brain activity in anesthesia is an interesting topic for clinical doctors and drug designers. To explore the dynamical features of brain activity in anesthesia, a permutation auto-mutual information (PAMI) method is proposed to measure the information coupling of electroencephalogram (EEG) time series obtained in anesthesia. Approach. The PAMI is developed and applied on EEG data collected from 19 patients under sevoflurane anesthesia. The results are compared with the traditional auto-mutual information (AMI), SynchFastSlow (SFS, derived from the BIS index), permutation entropy (PE), composite PE (CPE), response entropy (RE) and state entropy (SE). Performance of all indices is assessed by pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) modeling and prediction probability. Main results. The PK/PD modeling and prediction probability analysis show that the PAMI index correlates closely with the anesthetic effect. The coefficient of determination R2 between PAMI values and the sevoflurane effect site concentrations, and the prediction probability Pk are higher in comparison with other indices. The information coupling in EEG series can be applied to indicate the effect of the anesthetic drug sevoflurane on the brain activity as well as other indices. The PAMI of the EEG signals is suggested as a new index to track drug concentration change. Significance. The PAMI is a useful index for analyzing the EEG dynamics during general anesthesia.

  3. SURFACE INTEGRITY EVALUATION OF TURNING WITH AUTO-ROTATING TOOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jozef Struharnansky

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The technical practice requirements comes to have increased demands on higher productivity, speed and quality of the machining process of various materials. Hard to machine materials, whose machining led to the development of turning with rotating cutting edge are not an exception. The machining process of auto-rotating tool is more complicated than the conventional process of turning, especially for the process of reshaping cutting layers into chips. There is a significant load in the system, that may affect the life of the cutting edge of the tool as well as the whole system and also in the final extent of the qualitative parameters of the workpiece (product / product. The article specifies the knowledge and findings of measurement in machining material 100Cr6 with an auto-rotating tool. The measurements were conducted to evaluate the integrity of the surface (roughness of the workpiece to the impacts of cutting conditions, in particular the feed and the cutting edge inclination. It also analyzes the presence (size, character, action of residual stresses concentrated in the surface layers of the workpiece by changing the cutting conditions.

  4. PERI - Auto-tuning Memory Intensive Kernels for Multicore

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bailey, David H; Williams, Samuel; Datta, Kaushik; Carter, Jonathan; Oliker, Leonid; Shalf, John; Yelick, Katherine; Bailey, David H

    2008-06-24

    We present an auto-tuning approach to optimize application performance on emerging multicore architectures. The methodology extends the idea of search-based performance optimizations, popular in linear algebra and FFT libraries, to application-specific computational kernels. Our work applies this strategy to Sparse Matrix Vector Multiplication (SpMV), the explicit heat equation PDE on a regular grid (Stencil), and a lattice Boltzmann application (LBMHD). We explore one of the broadest sets of multicore architectures in the HPC literature, including the Intel Xeon Clovertown, AMD Opteron Barcelona, Sun Victoria Falls, and the Sony-Toshiba-IBM (STI) Cell. Rather than hand-tuning each kernel for each system, we develop a code generator for each kernel that allows us to identify a highly optimized version for each platform, while amortizing the human programming effort. Results show that our auto-tuned kernel applications often achieve a better than 4X improvement compared with the original code. Additionally, we analyze a Roofline performance model for each platform to reveal hardware bottlenecks and software challenges for future multicore systems and applications.

  5. AutoPyFactory: A Scalable Flexible Pilot Factory Implementation

    CERN Document Server

    Caballero, J; The ATLAS collaboration; Love, P; Stewart, G

    2012-01-01

    The ATLAS experiment at the CERN LHC is one of the largest users of grid computing infrastructure, which is a central part of the experiment’s computing operations. Considerable efforts have been made to use grid technology in the most efficient and effective way, including the use of a pilot job based workload management framework. In this model the experiment submits ’pilot’ jobs to sites without payload. When these jobs begin to run they contact a central service to retrieve a real payload to execute. The first generation of pilot factories were usually specific to a single VO, and were bound to the particular architecture of that VO’s distributed processing. A second generation provides factories which are more flexible, not tied to any particular VO, and provide new or improved features such as monitoring, logging, profiling, etc. In this paper we describe this key part of the ATLAS pilot architecture, a second generation pilot factory, AutoPyFactory. AutoPyFactory has a modular design and is hig...

  6. AUTO-LAY: automatic layout generation for procedure flow diagrams

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear Power Plant Procedures can be seen from essentially two viewpoints: the process and the information management. From the first point of view, it is important to supply the knowledge apt to solve problems connected with the control of the process, from the second one the focus of attention is on the knowledge representation, its structure, elicitation and maintenance, formal quality assurance. These two aspects of procedure representation can be considered and solved separately. In particular, methodological, formal and management issues require long and tedious activities, that in most cases constitute a great barrier for procedures development and upgrade. To solve these problems, Ansaldo is developing DIAM, a wide integrated tool for procedure management to support in procedure writing, updating, usage and documentation. One of the most challenging features of DIAM is AUTO-LAY, a CASE sub-tool that, in a complete automatical way, structures parts or complete flow diagrams. This is a feature that is partially present in some other CASE products, that, anyway, do not allow complex graph handling and isomorphism between video and paper representation AUTO-LAY has the unique prerogative to draw graphs of any complexity, to section them in pages, and to automatically compose a document. This has been recognized in the literature as the most important second-generation CASE improvement. (author). 5 refs., 9 figs

  7. An improved auto-tuning scheme for PID controllers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dey, Chanchal; Mudi, Rajani K

    2009-10-01

    An improved auto-tuning scheme is proposed for Ziegler-Nichols (ZN) tuned PID controllers (ZNPIDs), which usually provide excessively large overshoots, not tolerable in most of the situations, for high-order and nonlinear processes. To overcome this limitation ZNPIDs are upgraded by some easily interpretable heuristic rules through an online gain modifying factor defined on the instantaneous process states. This study is an extension of our earlier work [Mudi RK., Dey C. Lee TT. An improved auto-tuning scheme for PI controllers. ISA Trans 2008; 47: 45-52] to ZNPIDs, thereby making the scheme suitable for a wide range of processes and more generalized too. The proposed augmented ZNPID (AZNPID) is tested on various high-order linear and nonlinear dead-time processes with improved performance over ZNPID, refined ZNPID (RZNPID), and other schemes reported in the literature. Stability issues are addressed for linear processes. Robust performance of AZNPID is observed while changing its tunable parameters as well as the process dead-time. The proposed scheme is also implemented on a real time servo-based position control system. PMID:19647819

  8. PERI - auto-tuning memory-intensive kernels for multicore

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present an auto-tuning approach to optimize application performance on emerging multicore architectures. The methodology extends the idea of search-based performance optimizations, popular in linear algebra and FFT libraries, to application-specific computational kernels. Our work applies this strategy to sparse matrix vector multiplication (SpMV), the explicit heat equation PDE on a regular grid (Stencil), and a lattice Boltzmann application (LBMHD). We explore one of the broadest sets of multicore architectures in the high-performance computing literature, including the Intel Xeon Clovertown, AMD Opteron Barcelona, Sun Victoria Falls, and the Sony-Toshiba-IBM (STI) Cell. Rather than hand-tuning each kernel for each system, we develop a code generator for each kernel that allows us identify a highly optimized version for each platform, while amortizing the human programming effort. Results show that our auto-tuned kernel applications often achieve a better than 4x improvement compared with the original code. Additionally, we analyze a Roofline performance model for each platform to reveal hardware bottlenecks and software challenges for future multicore systems and applications

  9. PERI - auto-tuning memory-intensive kernels for multicore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, S.; Datta, K.; Carter, J.; Oliker, L.; Shalf, J.; Yelick, K.; Bailey, D.

    2008-07-01

    We present an auto-tuning approach to optimize application performance on emerging multicore architectures. The methodology extends the idea of search-based performance optimizations, popular in linear algebra and FFT libraries, to application-specific computational kernels. Our work applies this strategy to sparse matrix vector multiplication (SpMV), the explicit heat equation PDE on a regular grid (Stencil), and a lattice Boltzmann application (LBMHD). We explore one of the broadest sets of multicore architectures in the high-performance computing literature, including the Intel Xeon Clovertown, AMD Opteron Barcelona, Sun Victoria Falls, and the Sony-Toshiba-IBM (STI) Cell. Rather than hand-tuning each kernel for each system, we develop a code generator for each kernel that allows us identify a highly optimized version for each platform, while amortizing the human programming effort. Results show that our auto-tuned kernel applications often achieve a better than 4× improvement compared with the original code. Additionally, we analyze a Roofline performance model for each platform to reveal hardware bottlenecks and software challenges for future multicore systems and applications.

  10. Using AutoCAD in 3DS MAX to Create Building Model%AutoCAD在3DS MAX建筑造型中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周佶

    2001-01-01

    利用AutoCAD强大的二维图线编辑功能和3Ds MAX强大的三维造型和渲染功能,解决单独使用AutoCAD或3DS MAX进行建筑效果图制作时,输入工作量大,或造型困难的问题.

  11. Implementing Results-Oriented Trade Policies: The Case of the US-Japanese Auto Parts Dispute

    OpenAIRE

    Kala Krishna; John Morgan

    1996-01-01

    Why would the US threaten punitive tariffs on luxury autos to implement a market share target in auto parts? We show that by making threats to a linked market, a market share may be implemented with fairly weak informa- tional and administrative requirements. Moreover, such policies can be both pro-competitive and advatageous to US firms.

  12. "Consumption and Enviromment" Early-warning Mechanism for Export of Autos Will Be Improved in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ As the amount of export for the complete vehicle and its components & parts from China are increasing rapidly, the early-warning mechanism for export of autos in China will have to be improved to reduce the injuries that the auto industry suffers.

  13. The Role of Cultural Context in Continuing Vocational Training: A Study on Auto Repairmen in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbas, Oktay

    2011-01-01

    This study analysed how auto repairmen working in micro-enterprises undertake continuing vocational training in relation to cultural context. The study was conducted in Kirikkale, a city in central Anatolia in Turkey. To this end, the descriptive research technique of structured interview was used. Interviews with 33 auto repairmen were recorded…

  14. 75 FR 24753 - The Walker Auto Group, Inc., Miamisburg, OH; Notice of Negative Determination Regarding...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-05

    ... Notice of determination was published in the Federal Register on February 16, 2010 (75 FR 7039). Pursuant... Employment and Training Administration The Walker Auto Group, Inc., Miamisburg, OH; Notice of Negative... TAA petition filed on behalf of workers at The Walker Auto Group, Inc., Miamisburg, Ohio, was based...

  15. "Auto-Evaluation": Daily Self-Assessment in the FSL Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Larissa

    2007-01-01

    This article is about the benefits of self-assessment and its use in language education. The main focus is on "auto-evaluation" as a means of beginning class in an organized and motivating way. In contrast to "bell work" or other start-of-period activities on random topics, "auto-evaluation" involves asking questions that are closely tied to what…

  16. 28 CFR 25.56 - Responsibilities of junk yards and salvage yards and auto recyclers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Responsibilities of junk yards and salvage yards and auto recyclers. 25.56 Section 25.56 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE... Responsibilities of junk yards and salvage yards and auto recyclers. (a) By no later than March 31, 2009,...

  17. Identification of best practices for customer satisfaction at Skoda Auto, a.s.

    OpenAIRE

    Gomboš, Peter

    2013-01-01

    Customer satisfaction is one of the hot topics also for a successfull Czech car producer ŠKODA AUTO a.s. This diploma thesis titled: Identification of best practices for customer satisfaction at ŠKODA AUTO a.s., analyses customer satisfaction management of sales and evaluates the applicability of proposed improvement process measurements.

  18. Chinese Car Is Great! Says Syria——The 4th China Auto International Exhibition Tour

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ Syria is an ideal exporting destination for Chinese automobile enterprises.The auto industry in Syria was just in starting phase,and the demand of all kinds of autos was large in the golden period of Syria economic development.Therefore,the supply and demand gap is mainly bridged by import.

  19. Family factors associated with auto-aggressiveness in adolescents in Croatia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tripković, Mara; Francisković, Tanja; Grgić, Neda; Ercegović, Nela; Graovac, Mirjana; Zecević, Iva

    2013-12-01

    The aim of this research is to look into the roles of families' social situation and cohesion in adolescent auto-aggressiveness in Croatia. The research was conducted on a sample of Zagreb high school students which encompassed 701 pupils of both genders aged 14-19. The basic demographic data were obtained using the Structured Demographic and Family Data Questionnaire. Auto-aggressiveness was tested using a section of the Report on Youth Aged 11-18 and the Scale of Auto-destructiveness--SAD, whereas the family cohesion was tested with the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales FACES III. The obtained results show differences according to the gender: girls are more prone to auto-aggressiveness than boys (t = -3.385, df = 565, p = 0.001) and girls more often show symptoms of destructiveness (t = -3.809, df = 637, p corporal punishment by mother (F(2.542) = 8.132, p < 0.001) or father (F(2.530) = 5.341, p = 0.005). Adolescents from split families show more auto-aggressiveness. Family cohesion appears to be considerably associated with auto-aggressiveness and the adolescents that see their families as less cohesive have more mental problems (chi2 = 29.98, df = 2, p < 0.001). There is a connection between auto-destructive behavior in adolescents and family factors. Knowledge of family's social situation and cohesion may help understand, prevent and treat auto-aggressiveness in adolescents. PMID:24611318

  20. Europe's Auto/Oil 2 program, understanding the cost-benefits of NGV's

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weide, J. van der

    2000-01-01

    In the mid-nineties in Europe, the so-called Auto/Oil 1 Program was carried out. The aim was to improve air quality in urban areas by setting new emissions standards based on improved vehicle and fuel technology. The program was carried out by the auto and oil industry under leadership of the Europe

  1. Interpolis SlimOpWeg-programma : de AutoModus-app : samenvatting onderzoeksresultaten.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    2016-01-01

    Interpolis heeft in het kader van het SlimOpWeg-programma een app voor de smartphone laten ontwikkelen. Het doel van deze ‘AutoModus-app’ is om jongeren te helpen hun smart phonegebruik in de auto te verminderen. Afleiding door mobiel telefoongebruik vormt namelijk een groot verkeers veiligheidsprob

  2. Regulations on the Management of Re- call of Defective Auto Products to be Implemented Next Year

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    On October 10, Regulations on the Manage- ment of Recall of Defective Auto Products was ap- proved to implement on January l, 2013 by No. 219 Executive Meeting of the State Council. The product quality supervision departments of the State Council are responsible for supervising and managing the recall of the national defective auto products.

  3. Auto MOC-A 2D neutron transport code for arbitrary geometry based on the method of characteristics and customization of AutoCAD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new 2D neutron transport code AutoMOC for arbitrary geometry has been developed. This code is based on the method of characteristics (MOCs) and the customization of AutoCAD. The MOC solves the neutron transport equation along characteristic lines. It is independent of the geometric shape of boundaries and regions. So theoretically, this method can be used to solve the neutron transport equation in highly complex geometries. However, it is important to describe the geometry and calculate intersection points of each characteristic line with every boundary and region in advance. In complex geometries, due to the complications of treating the arbitrary domain, the selection of geometric shapes and efficiency of ray tracing are generally limited. The geometry treatment through the customization of AutoCAD, a widely used computer-aided design software package, is given in this paper. Thanks to the powerful capability of AutoCAD, the description of arbitrary geometry becomes quite convenient. Moreover, with the language Visual Basic for Applications (VBAs), AutoCAD can be customized to carry out the ray tracing procedure with a high flexibility in geometry. The numerical results show that AutoMOC can solve 2D neutron transport problems in a complex geometry accurately and effectively

  4. China-Auto Parts Dispute-China's First Legal Censure from the WTO

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo Liqin

    2008-01-01

    @@ WTO ruies against China in auto parts case On July 18, a panel from the World Trade rganization (WTO) concluded that China violated trade rules with its auto part import tariffs. The ruling marks China's first legal censure from the WTO since joining the global trade body in 2001. In April 2005, China issued rules to levy a 28% tariff on imported auto partsChina considers auto parts as a complete vehicle if they account for 60% or more of the value of a final vehicle, meaning that imports will be charged the same tariff as a complete vehicle, which is double the tariff ceiling for auto parts permitted under China's WTO commitment.

  5. The role of brand image congruity in Iranian consumers’ demand for auto parts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naser Azad

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the primary issues in handling demands for auto parts in the world is to build a mutual trust between consumers and vendors. When people trust a brand, they purchase more easily and it is possible to develop market. In Iran, there is a growing interest in demand for auto parts and each year, tens of millions of auto parts are getting sold. This paper presents an empirical investigation to detect the effects of brand image on demand for auto parts. Using a sample of 202 randomly selected people who buy/sell auto parts in city of Tehran, Iran, the study determines three variables including brand strength, brand attributes and consumer trust through the implementation of structural equation modeling.

  6. Sensor-Based Auto-Focusing System Using Multi-Scale Feature Extraction and Phase Correlation Matching

    OpenAIRE

    Jinbeum Jang; Yoonjong Yoo; Jongheon Kim; Joonki Paik

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a novel auto-focusing system based on a CMOS sensor containing pixels with different phases. Robust extraction of features in a severely defocused image is the fundamental problem of a phase-difference auto-focusing system. In order to solve this problem, a multi-resolution feature extraction algorithm is proposed. Given the extracted features, the proposed auto-focusing system can provide the ideal focusing position using phase correlation matching. The proposed auto-focu...

  7. Study on a multi-brand auto distribution network serving multiple cities to minimize the total distribution cost

    OpenAIRE

    Balaña Pedrol, Elena

    2013-01-01

    The current research project consists of minimizing the total cost of an auto dealership supply chain management system that provides two auto brands for five major industrial cities in the Great Lake Area of the United States. The two auto brands are Ford and Chrysler. The five major cities are Chicago, Detroit, Indianapolis, St. Louis, and Cincinnati. The total cost includes transportation cost from auto assembly plants to individual cities, along with warehouse cost and/or transshipment co...

  8. Auto-correlation Function Study of Scattered Light Intensity

    CERN Document Server

    Sun, Y

    2005-01-01

    In this work, the particle size distribution measured using the dynamic light scattering (DLS) technique is compared with that obtained from the static light scattering (SLS) technique or provided by the supplier measured using the Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) technique for dilute Poly($N$-isopropylacrylamide) microgel and standard polystyrene latex samples in dispersion respectively. The results show that the narrow particle size distribution that can be measured accurately using the SLS technique is not suited to the determination by the DLS technique and the particle size distribution obtained from the DLS technique is different from the value provided by the supplier. With the assistance of the simulated data of the normalized time auto-correlation function of the scattered light intensity $g^{(2)}(\\tau)$, the effects of the particle size distribution on the nonexponentiality of $g^{(2)}(\\tau)$ measured at a scattering angle of 30$^\\mathrm o$ are investigated. The analysis reveals that the influ...

  9. Statistique asymptotique de processus auto-excitatifs spatio-temporels

    OpenAIRE

    Valmy, Larissa; Vaillant, Jean

    2011-01-01

    Nous nous intéressons aux processus ponctuels auto-excitatifs introduits par Ogata en 1998 et discutés par Zhuang et al. (2005). Ce modèle peut être vu comme une extension, dans un premier temps du processus ponctuel présenté par Hawkes en 1971 et, dans un second temps du modèle de type épidémique temporel proposé par Ogata en 1988. Il s'agit du modèle spatio-temporel ETAS (Epidemic Type Aftershock Sequence) intégrant l'aspect spatio-temporel et les marques. Une de ses utilisations est le cal...

  10. Auto-Parametric Resonance in Cyclindrical Shells Using Geometric Averaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    MCROBIE, F. A.; POPOV, A. A.; THOMPSON, J. M. T.

    1999-10-01

    A study is presented of internal auto-parametric instabilities in the free non-linear vibrations of a cylindrical shell, focussed on two modes (a concertina mode and a chequerboard mode) whose non-linear interaction breaks the in-out symmetry of the linear vibration theory: the two mode interaction leads to preferred vibration patterns with larger deflection inwards than outwards, and at internal resonance, significant energy transfer occurs between the modes. A Rayleigh-Ritz discretization of the von Kármán-Donnell equations leads to the Hamiltonian and transformation into action-angle co-ordinates followed by averaging provides readily a geometric description of the modal interaction. It was established that the interaction should be most pronounced when there are slightly less than 2√N square chequerboard panels circumferentially, where N is the ratio of shell radius to thickness.

  11. Frequent itemsets mining for database auto-administration

    CERN Document Server

    Aouiche, Kamel; Gruenwald, Le

    2008-01-01

    With the wide development of databases in general and data warehouses in particular, it is important to reduce the tasks that a database administrator must perform manually. The aim of auto-administrative systems is to administrate and adapt themselves automatically without loss (or even with a gain) in performance. The idea of using data mining techniques to extract useful knowledge for administration from the data themselves has existed for some years. However, little research has been achieved. This idea nevertheless remains a very promising approach, notably in the field of data warehousing, where queries are very heterogeneous and cannot be interpreted easily. The aim of this study is to search for a way of extracting useful knowledge from stored data themselves to automatically apply performance optimization techniques, and more particularly indexing techniques. We have designed a tool that extracts frequent itemsets from a given workload to compute an index configuration that helps optimizing data acce...

  12. Auto-Tuning Dedispersion for Many-Core Accelerators

    CERN Document Server

    Sclocco, Alessio; Hessels, Jason; van Leeuwen, Joeri; van Nieuwpoort, Rob V

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we study the parallelization of the dedispersion algorithm on many-core accelerators, including GPUs from AMD and NVIDIA, and the Intel Xeon Phi. An important contribution is the computational analysis of the algorithm, from which we conclude that dedispersion is inherently memory-bound in any realistic scenario, in contrast to earlier reports. We also provide empirical proof that, even in unrealistic scenarios, hardware limitations keep the arithmetic intensity low, thus limiting performance. We exploit auto-tuning to adapt the algorithm, not only to different accelerators, but also to different observations, and even telescopes. Our experiments show how the algorithm is tuned automatically for different scenarios and how it exploits and highlights the underlying specificities of the hardware: in some observations, the tuner automatically optimizes device occupancy, while in others it optimizes memory bandwidth. We quantitatively analyze the problem space, and by comparing the results of optim...

  13. Experimental investigation of passive auto depressurization system (PADS) for AHWR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recently work has been initiated on a novel passive safety system named Passive Auto Depressurization System (PADS) for AHWR. In case of small break LOCA, RELAP analysis indicate that with reactor shutdown condition and accumulator available, even after long time Main Heat Transport (MHT) pressure does not fall to 2 bar i.e. the required condition of water injection from GDWP. The unavailability of GDWP injection may lead to rise in fuel clad temperature due to insufficient MHT coolant inventory. This situation calls for faster depressurization of MHT system which is achieved by PADS. The successful design, fabrication, installation and commissioning of experimental facility provides an important platform for design validation and demonstration of PADS mechanism for AHWR. The experimental results will be used for design optimization of PPPT, validation of RELAP results and for understanding the transient behavior of PADS for AHWR

  14. An improved auto-tuning scheme for PI controllers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mudi, Rajani K; Dey, Chanchal; Lee, Tsu-Tian

    2008-01-01

    Ziegler-Nichols tuned PI and PID controllers are usually found to provide poor performances for high-order and nonlinear systems. In this study, an improved auto-tuning scheme is presented for Ziegler-Nichols tuned PI controllers (ZNPICs). With a view to improving the transient response, the proportional and integral gains of the proposed controller are continuously modified based on the current process trend. The proposed controller is tested for a number of high-order linear and nonlinear dead-time processes under both set-point change and load disturbance. It exhibits significantly improved performance compared to ZNPIC, and Refined Ziegler-Nichols tuned PI controller (RZNPIC). Robustness of the proposed scheme is established by varying the controller parameters as well as the dead-time of the process under control. PMID:17854807

  15. Clock Auto-synchronizing Method for BES III ETOF Upgrade

    CERN Document Server

    Si-Yu, Wang; Shu-Bin, Liu; Qi, An

    2015-01-01

    An automatic clock synchronizing method implemented in field programmable gate array (FPGA) is proposed in this paper. It is developed for the clock system which will be applied in the end-cap time of flight (ETOF) upgrade of the Beijing Spectrometer (BESIII). In this design, an FPGA is used to automatically monitor the synchronization circuit and deal with signals coming from external clock synchronization circuit. By testing different delay time of the detection signal and analyzing state signals returned, the synchronization windows will be found automatically in FPGA. The new clock system not only retains low clock jitter which is less than 20ps root mean square (RMS), but also demonstrates automatic synchronization to the beam bunches. So far, the clock auto-synchronizing function has been working successfully under a series of tests. It will greatly simplify the system initialization and maintenance in the future.

  16. L'auto-soudage des tranches de silicium

    OpenAIRE

    Miserey, F.

    1990-01-01

    On décrit une expérience dans laquelle des tranches de silicium de diamètre 10 cm ont été auto-soudées. Les interfaces ont été caractérisées au moyen de plusieurs tests différents : l'un destructif (mécanique), les autres non destructifs (optique, par imagerie dans l'infra-rouge, et acoustique) ; des diodes PN tests ont été réalisées, également dans le but d'obtenir une cartographie des décohésions. L'aire effectivement soudée est supérieure (ou au moins égale) à 80 % de la surface d'une tran...

  17. Calibration transfer via an extreme learning machine auto-encoder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Wo-Ruo; Bin, Jun; Lu, Hong-Mei; Zhang, Zhi-Min; Liang, Yi-Zeng

    2016-03-21

    In order to solve the spectra standardization problem in near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy, a Transfer via Extreme learning machine Auto-encoder Method (TEAM) has been proposed in this study. A comparative study among TEAM, piecewise direct standardization (PDS), generalized least squares (GLS) and calibration transfer methods based on canonical correlation analysis (CCA) was conducted, and the performances of these algorithms were benchmarked with three spectral datasets: corn, tobacco and pharmaceutical tablet spectra. The results show that TEAM is a stable method and can significantly reduce prediction errors compared with PDS, GLS and CCA. TEAM can also achieve the best RMSEPs in most cases with a small number of calibration sets. TEAM is implemented in Python language and available as an open source package at https://github.com/zmzhang/TEAM. PMID:26846329

  18. Auto-compensating differential phase shift quantum key distribution

    CERN Document Server

    Han, X; Zhou, C; Zeng, H; Han, Xiaohong; Wu, Guang; Zhou, Chunyuan; Zeng, Heping

    2005-01-01

    We propose an auto-compensating differential phase shift scheme for quantum key distribution with a high key-creation efficiency, which skillfully makes use of automatic alignment of the photon polarization states in optical fiber with modified Michelson interferometers composed of unequal arms with Faraday mirrors at the ends. The Faraday-mirrors-based Michelson interferometers not only function as pulse splitters, but also enable inherent compensation of polarization mode dispersion in the optic-fiber paths at both Alice's and Bob's sites. The sequential pulses encoded by differential phase shifts pass through the quantum channel with the same polarization states, resulting in a stable key distribution immune to the polarization mode dispersion in the quantum channel. Such a system features perfect stability and higher key creation efficiency over traditional schemes.

  19. Síndromes Auto - Inflamatórias

    OpenAIRE

    Melo Gomes, JA; Melo Gomes, S; Conde, M.

    2010-01-01

    As síndromes auto-inflamatórias são constituídas por um grupo heterogéneo de patologias isoladas e caracterizadas ao longo dos últimos 15 anos, graças aos avanços marcados no conhecimento do genoma humano e ao desenvolvimento de técnicas laboratoriais que permitiram identificar, de forma segura e reprodutível, os genes responsáveis pelas várias doenças incluídas sob esta designação comum. Em todas estas doenças e síndromes existem episódios recorrentes de febre e inflamação, local...

  20. CENTRAL CONVEYING & AUTO FEEDING SYSTEMS FOR AN INJECTION MOLDING SHOP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjeev Kumar

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays injection molding is probably the most important method of Processing of consumer and industrial goods, and is performed everywhere in the world. The developing of injection molding becomes a competition from day to day. This Process now integrated with computer control make the production better in quality and Better quantity. The trends of producing a plastics product in injection molding industries are recently changing from traditional method to using the FEA analysis. For injection molding industries, time and cost is very important aspects to consider because these two aspectswill directly related to the profits at a company. The next issue toconsider, to get the best parameter for the injection molding process, plastics has been waste. Through the experiment, operator will use large amount of plastics material to get the possibly parameters to setup the machine.To produce the parts with better quality and quantity these molding defects are the major obstacles in achieving the targets with quality & quantity. Various defects like Short shot, colour streaks and low productivity rates are associated with the material mixing and feeding as molded plastics are often a blend of two or more materials. Colors (master batch and other additives are often mixed (blended with the raw plastic material prior to the molding process in molding plants. So it is very necessary to work out auto blending and auto feeding of plasticgranules to the machine hopper. This paper will cover the studyof automatic blending unit & central conveying system for plasticgranule feeding to machine & will help in optimizing the injection molding process.

  1. Drought Patterns Forecasting using an Auto-Regressive Logistic Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    del Jesus, M.; Sheffield, J.; Méndez Incera, F. J.; Losada, I. J.; Espejo, A.

    2014-12-01

    Drought is characterized by a water deficit that may manifest across a large range of spatial and temporal scales. Drought may create important socio-economic consequences, many times of catastrophic dimensions. A quantifiable definition of drought is elusive because depending on its impacts, consequences and generation mechanism, different water deficit periods may be identified as a drought by virtue of some definitions but not by others. Droughts are linked to the water cycle and, although a climate change signal may not have emerged yet, they are also intimately linked to climate.In this work we develop an auto-regressive logistic model for drought prediction at different temporal scales that makes use of a spatially explicit framework. Our model allows to include covariates, continuous or categorical, to improve the performance of the auto-regressive component.Our approach makes use of dimensionality reduction (principal component analysis) and classification techniques (K-Means and maximum dissimilarity) to simplify the representation of complex climatic patterns, such as sea surface temperature (SST) and sea level pressure (SLP), while including information on their spatial structure, i.e. considering their spatial patterns. This procedure allows us to include in the analysis multivariate representation of complex climatic phenomena, as the El Niño-Southern Oscillation. We also explore the impact of other climate-related variables such as sun spots. The model allows to quantify the uncertainty of the forecasts and can be easily adapted to make predictions under future climatic scenarios. The framework herein presented may be extended to other applications such as flash flood analysis, or risk assessment of natural hazards.

  2. The Application of AutoLISP Language in Geographic Information Data Checking%AutoLISP语言在地理信息数据检查中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄丽杰; 刘桂生

    2012-01-01

    AutoCAD is the commonly used plotting software among engineers. In the light of profession characteristic, this paper realizes the auto checking and processing of geographic data through Visual LISP language inlayed in AutoCAD and improves the production efficiency greatly.%AutoCAD是工程人员普遍使用的通用绘图软件,结合专业特点,通过AutoCAD内嵌的Visual LISP语言编程,实现对地理数据的自动检查和处理,从而极大地提高生产效率.

  3. Surgical Exposure

    OpenAIRE

    Hendra Chandra

    2015-01-01

    Surgical exposure is a surgical method to expose mucous or bone which prevent delayed or unerupted permanent crown teeth, in order to provide normal eruption and to prevent malocclusion. Surgical exposure is usually carried out on maxillary caninces as they have higher incidence of delayed eruption. Nevertheless, this procedure can also be performed on other teeth. For patient management, this procedure need cooperation betweent oral surgeon and orthodontist.

  4. Generalized Nonlinear Irreducible Auto-Correlation and Its Applications in Nonlinear Prediction Models Identification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HOU Yuexian; HE Pilian

    2005-01-01

    There is still an obstacle to prevent neural network from wider and more effective applications, i.e., the lack of effective theories of models identification. Based on information theory and its generalization, this paper introduces a universal method to achieve nonlinear models identification. Two key quantities, which are called nonlinear irreducible auto-correlation (NIAC) and generalized nonlinear irreducible auto-correlation (GNIAC), are defined and discussed. NIAC and GNIAC correspond with intrinstic irreducible auto-dependency (IAD) and generalized irreducible auto-dependency (GIAD) of time series respectively. By investigating the evolving trend of NIAC and GNIAC, the optimal auto-regressive order of nonlinear auto-regressive models could be determined naturally. Subsequently, an efficient algorithm computing NIAC and GNIAC is discussed. Experiments on simulating data sets and typical nonlinear prediction models indicate remarkable correlation between optimal auto-regressive order and the highest order that NIAC-GNIAC have a remarkable non-zero value, therefore demonstrate the validity of the proposal in this paper.

  5. What factors affect the carriage of epinephrine auto-injectors by teenagers?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Macadam Clare

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Teenagers with allergies are at particular risk of severe and fatal reactions, but epinephrine auto-injectors are not always carried as prescribed. We investigated barriers to carriage. Methods Patients aged 12-18 years old under a specialist allergy clinic, who had previously been prescribed an auto-injector were invited to participate. Semi-structured interviews explored the factors that positively or negatively impacted on carriage. Results Twenty teenagers with food or venom allergies were interviewed. Only two patients had used their auto-injector in the community, although several had been treated for severe reactions in hospital. Most teenagers made complex risk assessments to determine whether to carry the auto-injector. Most but not all decisions were rational and were at least partially informed by knowledge. Factors affecting carriage included location, who else would be present, the attitudes of others and physical features of the auto-injector. Teenagers made frequent risk assessments when deciding whether to carry their auto-injectors, and generally wanted to remain safe. Their decisions were complex, multi-faceted and highly individualised. Conclusions Rather than aiming for 100% carriage of auto-injectors, which remains an ambitious ideal, personalised education packages should aim to empower teenagers to make and act upon informed risk assessments.

  6. Feedback circuit design of an auto-gating power supply for low-light-level image intensifier

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Ye; Yan, Bo; Zhi, Qiang; Ni, Xiao-bing; Li, Jun-guo; Wang, Yu; Yao, Ze

    2015-11-01

    This paper introduces the basic principle of auto-gating power supply which using a hybrid automatic brightness control scheme. By the analysis of current as image intensifier to special requirements of auto-gating power supply, a feedback circuit of the auto-gating power supply is analyzed. Find out the reason of the screen flash after the auto-gating power supply assembled image intensifier. This paper designed a feedback circuit which can shorten the response time of auto-gating power supply and improve screen slight flicker phenomenon which the human eye can distinguish under the high intensity of illumination.

  7. Auto-correlation analysis of wave heights in the Bay of Bengal

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abhijit Sarkar; Jignesh Kshatriya; K Satheesan

    2006-04-01

    Time series observations of significant wave heights in the Bay of Bengal were subjected to auto-correlation analysis to determine temporal variability scale.The analysis indicates an exponential fall of auto-correlation in the first few hours with a decorrelation time scale of about six hours.A similar figure was found earlier for ocean surface winds.The nature of variation of auto-correlation with time lags was also found to be similar for winds and wave heights.

  8. Chinese Autos' Debut in Cambodia--Let more Cambodians know high-quality Chinese products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jing Xiong; Phnom Penh

    2005-01-01

    @@ The 3rd Mudan Cup China International Auto Exhibition (Vietnam & Cambodia) was held in January 28, 2005 in Phnom Penh Hotel. This is the first debut of Chinese autos in Cambodia. 11 buses, 12 seats tourism vans, cargo vans and trucks and 9 motorcycles of different brands showed Cambodians the real Chinese famous brands and high-quality automobiles. The 3rd "Mudan Cup"China International Auto Exhibition Tour was organized by the Society of Automotive Engineers of China, Department of Media and Press of CCPIT, Cambodia Tang Ren International Co., Ltd.,Cambodia Kaide Trade Co., Ltd. andChina Grand River Group.

  9. Chinese Autos' Debut in Cambodia--Let more Cambodians know high-quality Chinese products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jing; Xiong; Phnom; Penh

    2005-01-01

      The 3rd Mudan Cup China International Auto Exhibition (Vietnam & Cambodia) was held in January 28, 2005 in Phnom Penh Hotel. This is the first debut of Chinese autos in Cambodia. 11 buses, 12 seats tourism vans, cargo vans and trucks and 9 motorcycles of different brands showed Cambodians the real Chinese famous brands and high-quality automobiles. The 3rd "Mudan Cup"China International Auto Exhibition Tour was organized by the Society of Automotive Engineers of China, Department of Media and Press of CCPIT, Cambodia Tang Ren International Co., Ltd.,Cambodia Kaide Trade Co., Ltd. andChina Grand River Group.……

  10. Podniková kultura ve ŠKODA AUTO a. s.

    OpenAIRE

    Tomoriová, Sandra

    2012-01-01

    This bachelor thesis called "Corporate Culture in the ŠKODA AUTO a. s." is focused on analysing a current situation of the corporate culture in the ŠKODA AUTO a. s. It compares it with my own definition of the "Simply Clever" corporate culture determined for this company which is nowadays developing. The aim is to suggest recommendations that will lead to the better level of the corporate culture in the ŠKODA AUTO a. s. That means to reach the corporate culture under "Simply clever" condition...

  11. Una voz temblorosa: Música y auto-afección en Jacques Derrida

    OpenAIRE

    Cristóbal Durán

    2015-01-01

    El presente artículo busca mostrar que el estatuto de la música en la obra de Jacques Derrida propone una problematización rigurosa de la figura de la auto-afección. Si esta última encuentra en la voz su modelo ejemplar, en tanto espacio en el cual un sí-mismo garantiza la estabilidad de su presencia, la formulación derrideana de la música como experiencia de una apropiación imposible sugiere una reformulación de la voz auto-afectiva. La auto-afección, como posibilidad de una subjetividad, ya...

  12. Up and Running with AutoCAD 2011 2D and 3D Drawing and Modeling

    CERN Document Server

    Gindis, Elliot

    2010-01-01

    Gindis introduces AutoCAD with step by step instructions, stripping away complexities to  begin working in AutoCAD immediately.  All concepts are explained first in theory, and then shown in practice, helping the reader understand what it is they are doing and why, before they do it. Divided into three parts, the book covers beginning through advanced AutoCAD, including 3D features.  Also included is an extensive Appendix for each part, detailing additional useful CAD-related information not often found in other text books The book contains supporting graphics (screen shot

  13. Up and Running with AutoCAD 2012 2D and 3D Drawing and Modeling

    CERN Document Server

    Gindis, Elliot

    2011-01-01

    Gindis introduces AutoCAD with step by step instructions, stripping away complexities to  begin working in AutoCAD immediately.  All concepts are explained first in theory, and then shown in practice, helping the reader understand what it is they are doing and why, before they do it. Divided into three parts, the book covers beginning through advanced AutoCAD, including 3D features.  Also included is an extensive Appendix for each part, detailing additional useful CAD-related information not often found in other text books The book contains supporting graphics (screen shot

  14. Decreasing Beam Auto Tuning Interruption Events with In-Situ Chemical Cleaning on Axcelis GSD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ion beam auto tuning time and success rate are often major factors in the utilization and productivity of ion implanters. Tuning software frequently fails to meet specified setup times or recipe parameters, causing production stoppages and requiring manual intervention. Build-up of conductive deposits in the arc chamber and extraction gap can be one of the main causes of auto tuning problems. The deposits cause glitching and ion beam instabilities, which lead to errors in the software optimization routines. Infineon Regensburg has been testing use of XeF2, an in-situ chemical cleaning reagent, with positive results in reducing auto tuning interruption events.

  15. Design and Application on Auto-vending Machine for Cupped Beverage

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaowei Jiang; Yonghong Sun

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to design an auto-vending machine for cupped beverage, specifically studying its shape design and color design. The article elaborates that the shape design of this auto-vending machine for cupped beverage should follow the art rule of variation and unity and meanwhile the whole shape still should be simple and direct; the color design of the auto-vending machine for cupped beverage not only should satisfy the request of man-machine coordination and environment an...

  16. Up and running with AutoCAD 2013 2D and 3D drawing and modeling

    CERN Document Server

    Gindis, Elliot

    2012-01-01

    Gindis introduces AutoCAD with step by step instructions, stripping away complexities to  begin working in AutoCAD immediately.  All concepts are explained first in theory, and then shown in practice, helping the reader understand what it is they are doing and why, before they do it. Divided into three parts, the book covers beginning through advanced AutoCAD, including 3D features.  Also included is an extensive Appendix for each part, detailing additional useful CAD-related information not often found in other text books The book contains support

  17. Auto-regenerative TL dating with zircon inclusions from fired materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper it is shown that it is possible to date fired material using zircon inclusions. The effects of zoning and anomalous fading are overcome using an auto-regenerative dating procedure. The high radioactivity of the grains gives a measurable self-induced TL (thermoluminescence) signal within a few months. Comparison of this ''auto-regenerated'' TL with the natural TL (which has accumulated since the firing) yields the age of the material. A sensitive TL reader capable of recording the auto-regenerated signal after 6 months is also described, and the results of age determinations on a number of known age samples are presented. (author)

  18. A Fuzzy Mathematics Based Fault Auto-diagnosis System for Vacuum Resin Shot Dosing Equipment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    On the basis of the analysis of faults and their causes of vacuum resin shot dosing equipment, the fuzzy model of fault diagnosis for the equipment is constructed, and the fuzzy relationship matrix, the symptom fuzzy vector, the fuzzy compound arithmetic operator, and the diagnosis principle of the model are determined. Then the fault auto-diagnosis system for the equipment is designed, and the functions for real-time monitoring its operation condition and for fault auto-diagnosis are realized. Finally, the experiments of fault auto-diagnosis are conducted in practical production and the veracity of the system is verified.

  19. Introduction to AutoCAD 2013 2D and 3D design

    CERN Document Server

    Yarwood, Alf

    2013-01-01

    Master the complexities of the world's bestselling 2D and 3D software with Alf Yarwood's Introduction to AutoCAD 2013. Ideally suited to new users of AutoCAD, this book will be a useful resource for drawing modules in both vocational and introductory undergraduate courses in engineering and construction.Alf Yarwood has once again produced a comprehensive, step-by-step introduction to the latest release of AutoCAD. Covering all the basic principles and acting as an introduction to 2D drawing, it also contains extensive coverage of all 3D topics, including 3D solid modelling a

  20. Rotary Percussive Auto-Gopher for Deep Drilling and Sampling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bar-Cohen, Yoseph; Badescu, Mircea; Sherrit, Stewart

    2009-01-01

    The term "rotary percussive auto-gopher" denotes a proposed addition to a family of apparatuses, based on ultrasonic/ sonic drill corers (USDCs), that have been described in numerous previous NASA Tech Briefs articles. These apparatuses have been designed, variously, for boring into, and/or acquiring samples of, rock or other hard, brittle materials of geological interest. In the case of the rotary percussive autogopher, the emphasis would be on developing an apparatus capable of penetrating to, and acquiring samples at, depths that could otherwise be reached only by use of much longer, heavier, conventional drilling-and-sampling apparatuses. To recapitulate from the prior articles about USDCs: A USDC can be characterized as a lightweight, low-power jackhammer in which a piezoelectrically driven actuator generates ultrasonic vibrations and is coupled to a tool bit through a free mass. The bouncing of the free mass between the actuator horn and the drill bit converts the actuator ultrasonic vibrations into sonic hammering of the drill bit. The combination of ultrasonic and sonic vibrations gives rise to a hammering action (and a resulting chiseling action at the tip of the tool bit) that is more effective for drilling than is the microhammering action of ultrasonic vibrations alone. The hammering and chiseling actions are so effective that the size of the axial force needed to make the tool bit advance into soil, rock, or another material of interest is much smaller than in ordinary rotary drilling, ordinary hammering, or ordinary steady pushing. The predecessor of the rotary percussive auto-gopher is an apparatus, now denoted an ultrasonic/sonic gopher and previously denoted an ultrasonic gopher, described in "Ultrasonic/ Sonic Mechanism for Drilling and Coring" (NPO-30291), NASA Tech Briefs Vol. 27, No. 9 (September 2003), page 65. The ultrasonic/sonic gopher is intended for use mainly in acquiring cores. The name of the apparatus reflects the fact that, like a

  1. Image registration with auto-mapped control volumes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Many image registration algorithms rely on the use of homologous control points on the two input image sets to be registered. In reality, the interactive identification of the control points on both images is tedious, difficult, and often a source of error. We propose a two-step algorithm to automatically identify homologous regions that are used as a priori information during the image registration procedure. First, a number of small control volumes having distinct anatomical features are identified on the model image in a somewhat arbitrary fashion. Instead of attempting to find their correspondences in the reference image through user interaction, in the proposed method, each of the control regions is mapped to the corresponding part of the reference image by using an automated image registration algorithm. A normalized cross-correlation (NCC) function or mutual information was used as the auto-mapping metric and a limited memory Broyden-Fletcher-Goldfarb-Shanno algorithm (L-BFGS) was employed to optimize the function to find the optimal mapping. For rigid registration, the transformation parameters of the system are obtained by averaging that derived from the individual control volumes. In our deformable calculation, the mapped control volumes are treated as the nodes or control points with known positions on the two images. If the number of control volumes is not enough to cover the whole image to be registered, additional nodes are placed on the model image and then located on the reference image in a manner similar to the conventional BSpline deformable calculation. For deformable registration, the established correspondence by the auto-mapped control volumes provides valuable guidance for the registration calculation and greatly reduces the dimensionality of the problem. The performance of the two-step registrations was applied to three rigid registration cases (two PET-CT registrations and a brain MRI-CT registration) and one deformable registration of

  2. Gil Vicente e o teatro medieval: a carnavalização em O Auto da Barca do Inferno Carnivalization in the Auto da Barca do Inferno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iraildes Dantas de Miranda

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available O Auto da barca do inferno, peça de temática religiosa, como pode ser observado pelo próprio título, mostra personagens alegóricos representantes de várias classes sociais e revela conflitos entre a ordem oficial e a popular. E demonstrar que essa obra segue os pressupostos teóricos de Mikhail Bakhtin sobre a carnavalização é o que se pretende nesse trabalho.The aim of this article is to show that The Auto da Barca do Inferno by Gil Vicente follows the theoretical presuppositions on carnivalization worked out by Bakhtin. The Auto da Barca do Inferno, a play with a religious theme as may be seen from the title, shows allegorical characters representing different social classes and reveals conflicts between the official and the popular stances.

  3. Development of auto torque control (ATC) coupling; CVT kinzoku V belt no hatsunetsu kaiseki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murata, S.; Nishio, K.; Kusukawa, H.; Takasaki, T.; Inoue, M. [Nissan Motor Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Kato, T.; Shizutani, K.; Ito, O. [Fuji Univance Corp., Shizuoka (Japan)

    2000-04-01

    A new auto torque control (ATC) coupling with auto torque changing mechanism and auto torque limiting mechanism for 4WD vehicles was developed by Nissan Motor Corporation and Fuji Univance Corporation. This paper describes the object structure, principle of operation and merits of vehicles with the ATC coupling. Recently a better fuel consumption has been required for 4WD, in addition to the normal 4WD performance, because we must protect the ecology. In order to satisfy this requirement for 4WD, we have developed a new auto torque control (ATC) coupling. This coupling has controlled torque characteristic with the oil pressure. It realizes low fuel consumption by the use of a drive-train with compact size and light weight and through the reduction of 4WD friction, as keeping the good 4WD performance. (author)

  4. Adaptive endpoint detection of seismic signal based on auto-correlated function

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are certain shortcomings for the endpoint detection by time-waveform envelope and/or by checking the travel table (both labelled as the artificial detection method). Based on the analysis of the auto-correlation function, the notion of the distance between auto-correlation functions was quoted, and the characterizations of the noise and the signal with noise were discussed by using the distance. Then, the method of auto-adaptable endpoint detection of seismic signal based on auto-correlated similarity was summed up. The steps of implementation and determining of the thresholds were presented in detail. The experimental results that were compared with the methods based on artificial detecting show that this method has higher sensitivity even in a low SNR circumstance

  5. The Press Conference for the 7th China Auto International (Chile & Peru) Exhibition Tour Held

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ On September 9,2009,the press conference and the flag presentation cercmony of the 7th China Auto International (Chile & Peru) Exhibition Tour (CAIET) was held at the auditorium of China Council for the Promotion of International Trade (CCPIT).

  6. An application of ANP for ranking different factors influencing on demand for auto parts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Zarepour

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an empirical investigation to study different factors influencing auto parts in different regions of Iran. The study has asked some experts who worked for the biggest auto parts supplier named SaipaYadak to express their insights about important factors influencing demand for auto parts in different region and their insights have grouped into four categories of parts related issues, weather conditions, regional as well as cultural factors. The study has been applied in five different regions of country including central, south, north, west and east. The study has used analytical network process (ANP to rank different factors and the results indicate that regional factors is the most important item followed by cultural issues, auto parts and weather conditions.

  7. The Decline in African-American Representation in Unions and Auto Manufacturing, 1979-2004

    OpenAIRE

    John Schmitt; Ben Zipperer

    2006-01-01

    This report examines the unionization rates of African-American workers and finds that the relative representation of African Americans has been steadily declining in unions, manufacturing, and auto manufacturing.

  8. Design and Application on Auto-vending Machine for Cupped Beverage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaowei Jiang

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to design an auto-vending machine for cupped beverage, specifically studying its shape design and color design. The article elaborates that the shape design of this auto-vending machine for cupped beverage should follow the art rule of variation and unity and meanwhile the whole shape still should be simple and direct; the color design of the auto-vending machine for cupped beverage not only should satisfy the request of man-machine coordination and environment and function, but also should value the choice of tone, match the new age request of appreciation beauty and notice novelty. And then the working principle and working process of the auto-vending machine for cupped beverage is introduced, based on which the conclusion has been reached.

  9. Auto immune hemolytic anemia in a child precipitated by chicken pox.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Billoo, Samina Shamim; Jamalvi, Syed Waseem

    2008-05-01

    Auto Immune Hemolytic Anemia (AIHA) is a rare entity in children. We report a case of an adolescent girl with AIHA, which was precipitated by chicken pox. Clinical course over 3 years, till remission is described. PMID:18541094

  10. Biochemical and ultrastructural changes in plant foliage exposed to auto-pollution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verma, Amitosh; Singh, S N

    2006-09-01

    Auto-pollution is the by-product of our mechanized mobility, which adversely affects both plant and human life. However, plants growing in the urban locations provide a great respite to us from the brunt of auto-pollution by absorbing the pollutants at their foliar surface. Foliar surface configuration and biochemical changes in two selected plant species, namely Ficus religiosa L. and Thevetia nerifolia L., growing at IT crossing (highly polluted sites), Picup bhawan crossing (moderately polluted site) and Kukrail Forest Picnic Spot (Low polluted site) were investigated. It was observed that auto-exhaust pollution showed marked alterations in photosynthetic pigments, protein and cysteine contents and also in leaf area and foliar surface architecture of plants growing at HP site as compared to LP site. The changes in the foliar configuration reveal that these plants can be used as biomarkers of auto-pollution. PMID:16758287

  11. China Maintains World No.1in Terms of Auto Production and Sales in2010%China Maintains World No.1in Terms of Auto Production and Sales in 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Zao

    2011-01-01

    @@ Figures from the China Association of Automobile Manufacturers show that the auto industry of China maintained the development tendency of the last year in2010 under the accumulation effect of many consumption encouraging policies such as purchase tax concession,old for new service,car subsidy program for rural areas,energy-saving products discount,both the auto production and the sales exceeding 18 million units,maintaining its position as the world No.1,achieving 18.2647 million units and 18.0619 million units respectively,with an increase of 32.44% and 32.37% on a year-on-year basis.

  12. Auto-percepções, Auto-estima e Níveis de Ansiedade em Crianças e Adolescentes

    OpenAIRE

    Frias, Sara Dores de Medeiros

    2008-01-01

    Este estudo teve como objectivo avaliar as auto-percepções, a auto estima e os níveis de ansiedade em adolescentes apenas num momento distinto. Procurou também discriminar a influência da idade, do sexo, dos hábitos alimentares e de exercitação. A amostra foi constituída por 780 sujeitos, 419 do sexo masculino e 361 do sexo feminino, com idades compreendidas entre os 11 e os 21 anos, recrutados de escolas básicas dos 2o e 3o Ciclos até universitárias. Os instrumentos de medida utilizado...

  13. Estudo de caso controlo emparelhado da depressão, sintomas psicopatológicos, auto-estima e auto-conceito em mulheres obesas e normativas

    OpenAIRE

    Carneiro, Ana

    2010-01-01

    O presente estudo teve como objectivo avaliar se existem diferenças estatisticamente significativas no que respeita à auto – estima e ao auto – conceito em mulheres obesas, utentes de uma unidade de saúde a usufruir de apoio psicoterapêutico comparativamente com mulheres normativas. Pretendeu-se ainda verificar a existência de indicadores de maior incidência de depressão e de sintomas psicopatológicos nas mulheres obesas relativamente às mulheres normativas. A amostra foi constituída po...

  14. Pengaruh Kualitas Pelayanan Terhadap Kepuasan Pelanggan pada Bengkel Toyota Auto 2000 Gatot Subroto Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Panjaitan, Yosua I

    2016-01-01

    This research was based the existence of complaints or customer dissatisfaction over the services provided Toyota Auto 2000 Gatot Subroto Workshop Medan. Complaints should be addressed properly by the parties Toyota Auto 2000 Gatot Subroto Workshop Medan, because if not addressed properly, then the customer will tell a disappointing experience to others, so that will worsen the image and the existence of the workshop. Complaints can be minimized by taking the necessary steps, so customers wil...

  15. Pengaruh Kualitas Pelayanan Terhadap Kepuasan Pelanggan (Studi pada Bengkel Toyota Auto 2000 Gatot Subroto Medan)

    OpenAIRE

    Panjaitan, Yosua I

    2016-01-01

    This research was based the existence of complaints or customer dissatisfaction over the services provided Toyota Auto 2000 Gatot Subroto Workshop Medan. Complaints should be addressed properly by the parties Toyota Auto 2000 Gatot Subroto Workshop Medan, because if not addressed properly, then the customer will tell a disappointing experience to others, so that will worsen the image and the existence of the workshop. Complaints can be minimized by taking the necessary steps, so customers wil...

  16. The Way of Chery to Achieve the Most Successful Auto Brand in China

    OpenAIRE

    TAO, YAN

    2010-01-01

    The automobile market in China is in the state of growth. The development of new energy vehicles and the automobile industry is taking place in the forms of regrouping and restructuring. This offers Chery a great opportunity to develop and promote the brand. As one of the most influential and famous auto brand, Chery Auto has achieved an extraordinary growth rate and has become the pride of Chinese national automobile industry. Nevertheless, there is still certain potential in product qu...

  17. 46 CFR 35.20-45 - Use of Auto Pilot-T/ALL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Use of Auto Pilot-T/ALL. 35.20-45 Section 35.20-45 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS OPERATIONS Navigation § 35.20-45 Use of Auto Pilot—T/ALL. Except as provided in 33 CFR 164.13, when the automatic pilot is used in: (a)...

  18. Micromagnetic study of auto-oscillation modes in spin-Hall nano-oscillators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a numerical study of magnetization dynamics in a recently introduced spin torque nano-oscillator, whose operational principle relies on the spin-Hall effect—spin-Hall nano-oscillators. Our numerical results show good agreement with the experimentally observed behaviors and provide detailed information about the features of the primary auto-oscillation mode observed in the experiments. They also clarify the physical nature of the secondary auto-oscillation mode, which was experimentally observed under certain conditions only

  19. Inducverters: PLL-Less Converters with Auto-Synchronization and Emulated Inertia Capability

    OpenAIRE

    Ashabani, Mahdi; Freijedo Fernandez, Francisco Daniel; Golestan, Saeed; Josep M. Guerrero

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, the idea of operation of grid connected voltage source converters (VSCs) by similar characteristics of induction machines under new concept of inducverter is proposed and developed. The proposed controller eliminates the need for an extra synchronization unit and phase-locked-loop (PLL). Therefore, it offers a simpler and more reliable control strategy with improved performance, as it provides real auto-start and auto-synchronization with a grid without the need for grid voltag...

  20. Making and researching AutoCAD of drawing learning commands and programming control tools

    OpenAIRE

    Kažukauskas, Irmantas

    2004-01-01

    The created learning program is given for students to develop their general practical skills for the use of graphical system AutoCAD 2002. The learning program is given for leraning and teaching using computer. The man van use it anywhere, where is the possibility to work with computer and learn the learning program. There are practical exercises for drawing graphical primitives; hatch and dimension commands; tools for editing graphical objestc it the AutoCAD 2002 learning system. The learnin...

  1. Two months follow up of auto-CPAP treatment in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea

    OpenAIRE

    Boudewyns, A; Grillier-Lanoir, V; Willemen, M; De Cock, W A; Van de Heyning, P H; De Backer, W. A.

    1999-01-01

    BACKGROUND—Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) with fixed mask pressure is the current standard treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). Auto-CPAP devices apply at any time the minimally required pressure to normalise breathing and may improve patient comfort and compliance. We present an open descriptive study of auto-CPAP treatment at home in patients previously managed with conventional CPAP.
METHODS—Fifteen patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), pre...

  2. Evaluation of an auto-CPAP device for treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea

    OpenAIRE

    Ficker, J; Wiest, G; LEHNERT, G.; Wiest, B; Hahn, E

    1998-01-01

    BACKGROUND—Auto-CPAP machines used in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) are designed to vary the treatment pressure automatically in order always to apply the actually needed pressure. Consequently they should be able to achieve at least identical therapeutic effects as conventional constant pressure CPAP with a lower mean treatment pressure. The present study was designed to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and the treatment pressure of an auto-CPAP machin...

  3. Biochemical and Ultrastructural Changes in Sida cordifolia L. and Catharanthus roseus L. to Auto Pollution

    OpenAIRE

    Verma, Vijeta; Chandra, Neelam

    2014-01-01

    Auto pollution is the by-product of our mechanized mobility, which adversely affects both plant and human life. However, plants growing in the urban locations provide a great respite to us from the brunt of auto pollution by absorbing the pollutants at their foliar surface. Foliar surface configuration and biochemical changes in plant species, namely, Sida cordifolia L. and Catharanthus roseus L. grown at roadside (polluted site 1, Talkatora; polluted site 2, Charbagh) in Lucknow city and in ...

  4. Specification of an Elevator Control System -- An AutoFocus Case Study

    OpenAIRE

    Frank Strobl; Alexander Wisspeintner

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we present a case study with AutoFocus, a tool prototype for the development of distributed embedded systems. We develop a controller of an elevator system using different description techniques to illustrate the development process. Furthermore we use the simulation component of AutoFocus, SimCenter, to validate the behavior of the specified system. Using a device independent interface SimCenter can control both external multimedia applications for visualization as well as real...

  5. Implicit Density Estimation by Local Moment Matching to Sample from Auto-Encoders

    OpenAIRE

    Bengio, Yoshua; Alain, Guillaume; Rifai, Salah

    2012-01-01

    Recent work suggests that some auto-encoder variants do a good job of capturing the local manifold structure of the unknown data generating density. This paper contributes to the mathematical understanding of this phenomenon and helps define better justified sampling algorithms for deep learning based on auto-encoder variants. We consider an MCMC where each step samples from a Gaussian whose mean and covariance matrix depend on the previous state, defines through its asymptotic distribution a...

  6. Deeply Coupled Auto-encoder Networks for Cross-view Classification

    OpenAIRE

    WANG, Wen; Cui, Zhen; Chang, Hong; Shan, Shiguang; Chen, Xilin

    2014-01-01

    The comparison of heterogeneous samples extensively exists in many applications, especially in the task of image classification. In this paper, we propose a simple but effective coupled neural network, called Deeply Coupled Autoencoder Networks (DCAN), which seeks to build two deep neural networks, coupled with each other in every corresponding layers. In DCAN, each deep structure is developed via stacking multiple discriminative coupled auto-encoders, a denoising auto-encoder trained with ma...

  7. Transforming Incentives : Analysis of Personnel and Employee Output Data in a Large Japanese Auto Sales Firm

    OpenAIRE

    Tsuru, Tsuyoshi

    2008-01-01

    This paper analyzes the economic consequences of performance-oriented human resource (HR) system reform at Auto Japan (pseudonym), one of the largest Japanese auto sales firms, using personnel and employee output data. The author overviews the three major components of the HR reform: base wages, performance-based pay, and performance rating systems. Then the author examines the productivity effect of the reform. The performance-based pay was changed from combining a base wage with a simple pe...

  8. Serum anti-BPAG1 auto-antibody is a novel marker for human melanoma.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takashi Shimbo

    Full Text Available Malignant melanoma is one of the most aggressive types of tumor. Because malignant melanoma is difficult to treat once it has metastasized, early detection and treatment are essential. The search for reliable biomarkers of early-stage melanoma, therefore, has received much attention. By using a novel method of screening tumor antigens and their auto-antibodies, we identified bullous pemphigoid antigen 1 (BPAG1 as a melanoma antigen recognized by its auto-antibody. BPAG1 is an auto-antigen in the skin disease bullous pemphigoid (BP and anti-BPAG1 auto-antibodies are detectable in sera from BP patients and are used for BP diagnosis. However, BPAG1 has been viewed as predominantly a keratinocyte-associated protein and a relationship between BPAG1 expression and melanoma has not been previously reported. In the present study, we show that bpag1 is expressed in the mouse F10 melanoma cell line in vitro and F10 melanoma tumors in vivo and that BPAG1 is expressed in human melanoma cell lines (A375 and G361 and normal human melanocytes. Moreover, the levels of anti-BPAG1 auto-antibodies in the sera of melanoma patients were significantly higher than in the sera of healthy volunteers (p<0.01. Furthermore, anti-BPAG1 auto-antibodies were detected in melanoma patients at both early and advanced stages of disease. Here, we report anti-BPAG1 auto-antibodies as a promising marker for the diagnosis of melanoma, and we discuss the significance of the detection of such auto-antibodies in cancer biology and patients.

  9. Comparative Usability Study of a Novel Auto-Injector and an Intranasal System for Naloxone Delivery

    OpenAIRE

    Edwards, Evan T.; Edwards, Eric S.; Davis, Erin; Mulcare, Maureen; Wiklund, Michael; Kelley, Glen

    2015-01-01

    Introduction The standard of care for reversal of opioid-induced respiratory depression associated with opioid overdose is injectable naloxone. This study compared the usability of two naloxone delivery devices, a naloxone auto-injector (NAI) and a naloxone intranasal delivery system (NXN), in the administration of naloxone during a simulated opioid overdose emergency. NAI (EVZIO ® ; kaleo, Inc., Richmond, VA, USA) is a Food and Drug Administration approved single-use pre-filled auto-injector...

  10. Benchmark para la Evaluación de Algoritmos de Auto-ajuste de Controladores PID

    OpenAIRE

    Romero Pérez, Julio Ariel; Sanchis Llopis, Roberto

    2011-01-01

    En este artículo se propone una metodología para la evaluación de algoritmos de auto-ajuste de controladores PID. Para ello se definen índices cuantitativos que permiten medir el comportamiento de los algoritmos, tanto durante la realización del experimento como en la fase de control. La metodología presentada pretende ser una herramienta que permita realizar estudios comparativos entre algoritmos de auto-ajuste.

  11. AutoMoDe - Model-Based Development of Automotive Software

    CERN Document Server

    Ziegenbein, Dirk; Freund, Ulrich; Bauer, Andreas; Romberg, Jan; Schatz, Bernhard

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes first results from the AutoMoDe (Automotive Model-Based Development) project. The overall goal of the project is to develop an integrated methodology for model-based development of automotive control software, based on problem-specific design notations with an explicit formal foundation. Based on the existing AutoFOCUS framework, a tool prototype is being developed in order to illustrate and validate the key elements of our approach.

  12. Analisis Pengaruh Nilai Pelanggan dan Kepuasan Pelanggan terhadap Perubahan Harga pada AUTO 2000 Medan Amplas.

    OpenAIRE

    Nisa, Mu’arifatun

    2015-01-01

    The phenomenon of the growing interest in buying the car and AUTO 2000 developments in Indonesia followed by the development of other car sales companies such as Mitshubishi, Honda, Protin and the other, in attracting customers to purchase cars, companies conduct sales strategies to attract the consumer, is not exception to AUTO 2000. The formulation of this riset is “Is the customer value ( product value, services value, emotional value and costs) and customer satisfaction influence on the ...

  13. Enhancing the Competitiveness of Auto-Parts Enterprises: The Case of Proton’s Suppliers

    OpenAIRE

    M. Mohd Rosli

    2010-01-01

    The launch of the national car project provided greater opportunities for local enterprises to be involved in the auto-parts making industry. However, the unprecedented pace of globalization, trade liberalization and capital movement in recent times has posed great challenges for local enterprises, particularly auto-parts suppliers to compete in the open market. Public-private partnership would be one of the ways to mitigate the unexpected impact of globalization. This effort would be more ef...

  14. Measurement of thermal neutron distribution from a medical cyclotron using auto radiography with 23Na activation detector and medical imaging plate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    When the generated activity of 18F was 100 GBq, about 1015 neutrons are emitted by the nuclear reaction in target of the medical cyclotron. These neutrons induce activity in the cyclotron and the indoor concrete of the cyclotron room, and will contribute to the exposure of the staff maintaining the cyclotron. This paper describes the basic characteristics of the thermal neutron measurement method of 23Na activation detector by auto radiography (ARG) using the medical imaging plate (IP). Simple linear regression lines were able to describe the relationship between the scanner unit and the activity of 24Na. The optimal S value and exposure time of ARG method was found to be 1,000 and 24 hours. This method that uses the salt instead of gold foil allows hospitals to measure the thermal neutron fluencies easily at many locations for the radiation safety management of routine work and the decommissioning of the cyclotron facility. (author)

  15. Is inflammaging an auto[innate]immunity subclinical syndrome?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giunta Sergio

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The low-grade, chronic, systemic inflammatory state that characterizes the aging process (inflammaging results from late evolutive-based expression of the innate immune system. Inflammaging is characterized by the complex set of five conditions which can be described as 1. low-grade, 2. controlled, 3. asymptomatic, 4. chronic, 5. systemic, inflammatory state, and fits with the antagonistic pleiotropy theory on the evolution of aging postulating that senescence is the late deleterious effect of genes (pro-inflammatory versus anti-inflammatorythat are beneficial in early life. Evolutionary programming of the innate immune system may act via selection on these genetic traits. Here I propose that the already acquired knowledge in this field may pave the way to a new chapter in the pathophysiology of autoimmunity: the auto-innate-immunity syndromes. Indeed, differently from the well known chapter of conventional autoimmune diseases and syndromes where the main actor is the adaptive immunity, inflammaging may constitute the subclinical paradigm of a new chapter of autoimmunity, namely that arising from an autoimmune inflammatory response of the innate-immune-system, an old actor of immunity and yet a new actor of autoimmunity, also acting as a major determinant of elderly frailty and age-associated diseases.

  16. Sepsis Patient Detection and Monitor Based on Auto-BN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Yu; Sha, Lui; Rahmaniheris, Maryam; Wan, Binhua; Hosseini, Mohammad; Tan, Pengliu; Berlin, Richard B

    2016-04-01

    Sepsis is a life-threatening condition caused by an inappropriate immune response to infection, and is a leading cause of elderly death globally. Early recognition of patients and timely antibiotic therapy based on guidelines improve survival rate. Unfortunately, for those patients, it is often detected late because it is too expensive and impractical to perform frequent monitoring for all the elderly. In this paper, we present a risk driven sepsis screening and monitoring framework to shorten the time of onset detection without frequent monitoring of all the elderly. Within this framework, the sepsis ultimate risk of onset probability and mortality is calculated based on a novel temporal probabilistic model named Auto-BN, which consists of time dependent state, state dependent property, and state dependent inference structures. Then, different stages of a patient are encoded into different states, monitoring frequency is encoded into the state dependent property, and screening content is encoded into different state dependent inference structures. In this way, the screening and monitoring frequency and content can be automatically adjusted when encoding the sepsis ultimate risk into the guard of state transition. This allows for flexible manipulation of the tradeoff between screening accuracy and frequency. We evaluate its effectiveness through empirical study, and incorporate it into existing medical guidance system to improve medical healthcare. PMID:26940673

  17. European tailoring for Japanese cars; Europaeischer Massanzug fuer japanische Autos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buechling, J.

    1999-01-01

    Japanese cars have long since ceased being produced only in Japan. This applies not only to the development and production sectors but also to body and interior design. And now that Japanese car producers want to increase the number of `European models` in future, it is not only the European car plants but also the design, technology and development centres that are gaining in importance. Honda, Mazda, Mitsubishi, Nissan and Toyota have set up such creative studios in Europe. Automotive engineering Partners presents some portraits of their work, illustrates future production and spoke to some of the designers for Japan. (orig.) [Deutsch] Japanische Autos entstehen laengst nicht mehr nur in Japan. Das gilt fuer die Bereiche Entwicklung und Produktion genauso wie fuer das Karosserie- und Interieurdesign. Und seitdem japanische Automobilhersteller kuenftig auch die Anzahl der `Europamodelle` erhoehen wollen, gewinnen nicht nur die europaeischen Werke, sondern auch die Design-, Technik- und Entwicklungszentren zunehmend an Bedeutung. Honda, Mazda, Mitsubishi, Nissan und Toyota fuehren solche Kreativstudios in Europa. Automotive Engineering Partners portraetiert Auftraege, beleuchtet kuenftige Produktionen und sprach mit den Nippon-Designern. (orig.)

  18. Advanced High Strength Steel in Auto Industry: an Overview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Baluch

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The world’s most common alloy, steel, is the material of choice when it comes to making products as diverse as oil rigs to cars and planes to skyscrapers, simply because of its functionality, adaptability, machine-ability and strength. Newly developed grades of Advanced High Strength Steel (AHSS significantly outperform competing materials for current and future automotive applications. This is a direct result of steel’s performance flexibility, as well as of its many benefits including low cost, weight reduction capability, safety attributes, reduced greenhouse gas emissions and superior recyclability. To improve crash worthiness and fuel economy, the automotive industry is, increasingly, using AHSS. Today, and in the future, automotive manufacturers must reduce the overall weight of their cars. The most cost-efficient way to do this is with AHSS. However, there are several parameters that decide which of the AHSS types to be used; the most important parameters are derived from the geometrical form of the component and the selection of forming and blanking methods. This paper describes the different types of AHSS, highlights their advantages for use in auto metal stampings, and discusses about the new challenges faced by stampers, particularly those serving the automotive industry.

  19. Novel Auto thermal Reforming Process for Pure Hydrogen Production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Steam reforming of heptane for hydrogen production is investigated in a novel Circulating Fluidized Bed Membrane Reformer-Regenerator system (CFBMRR) utilizing a number of hydrogen and oxygen selective membranes. It is shown that although the amount of carbon deposition is significant, the effect on catalyst deactivation is negligible due to the large solid to gas mass feed ratio and the continuous catalyst regeneration in the system. The combustion of the deposited carbon in the catalyst regenerator supplies the heat needed for the endothermic steam reforming as well as the combustion of flammable gases from the riser reformer. Auto thermal operation is achievable for the entire adiabatic reformer-regenerator system when the exothermic heat generated from the regenerator is sufficient to compensate the endothermic heat consumed in the reformer. Multiplicity of the steady states exists in the range of steam to carbon feed ratio of 1.4442.251 mol/mol. The novel configuration has the potential advantages not only with respect to hydrogen production but also energy minimization

  20. Auto-focus algorithm based on statistical blur estimation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulkarni, Prajit

    2013-03-01

    Conventional auto-focus techniques in movable-lens camera systems use a measure of image sharpness to determine the lens position that brings the scene into focus. This paper presents a novel wavelet-domain approach to determine the position of best focus. In contrast to current techniques, the proposed algorithm estimates the level of blur in the captured image at each lens position. Image blur is quantified by fitting a Generalized Gaussian Density (GGD) curve to a high-pass version of the image using second-order statistics. The system then moves the lens to the position that yields the least measure of image blur. The algorithm overcomes shortcomings of sharpness-based approaches, namely, the application of large band-pass filters, sensitivity to image noise and need for calibration under different imaging conditions. Since noise has no effect on the proposed blur metric, the algorithm works with a short filter and is devoid of parameter tuning. Furthermore, the algorithm could be simplified to use a single high-pass filter to reduce complexity. These advantages, along with the optimization presented in the paper, make the proposed algorithm very attractive for hardware implementation on cell phones. Experiments prove that the algorithm performs well in the presence of noise as well as resolution and data scaling.

  1. 18-Pulse Converter Using 3/9 Auto-Transformer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Hoteit

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses to 3/9 phase auto-transformer with multiple windings per phase is powered a 9-phase AC to DC converter this type of transformer has 40o phase shift between the output voltages, it is supplied from a three phase AC source with star or delta connection, to use this type of transformer in aerospace the operation frequency should be at 400Hz in addition to reduce the current harmonic distortion through a three phase line reactor are connected after three phase AC source in this case the current harmonic distortion decreases to value less than 5% and it can be less than 3% level by using an additional suppression devices (Chokes at the output of the converter, this autotransformer includes three sections each spaced 120o electrically apart. Each section comprises a main winding and a pair of phase shift windings, it is a main element in 18 pulse converters, the multiphase rectification can be analyzed by using orcad simulation software, and shown the comparisons between the odd phases so that the 9 phases has a lower value of the ripple factor which is 0.763 %.

  2. CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY IN AUTO INDUSTRY: AN IRANIAN PERSPECTIVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghodratollah Talaei

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR is a concept which suggests organizations, especially (but not only corporations, have an obligation to consider the interests of customers, employees, shareholders, communities, and ecological considerations in all aspects of their operations. CSR is closely linked with the principles of Sustainable Development, which argues that enterprises should make decisions not only based on financial factors such as profits or dividends, but also based on the immediate and long-term social and environmental consequences of their activities. In the absence of evidence of the research in the area of CSR in auto industry domain in Iran, the current paper may be a starting-point for a debate and possible strategies to implement CSR concept in this area. Also, CSR indicators for assessing companies’ of the industry based on their commitment toward their social responsibilities are proposed in this research. These indicators can also be adapted with appropriate modifications to meet th needs and conditions of similar companies in other countries or companies in other industries.

  3. Dissolution of Metal Supported Spent Auto Catalysts in Acids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fornalczyk A.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Metal supported auto catalysts, have been used in sports and racing cars initially, but nowadays their application systematically increases. In Metal Substrate (supported Converters (MSC, catalytic functions are performed by the Platinum Group Metals (PGM: Pt, Pd, Rh, similarly to the catalysts on ceramic carriers. The contents of these metals make that spent catalytic converters are valuable source of precious metals. All over the world there are many methods for the metals recovery from the ceramic carriers, however, the issue of platinum recovery from metal supported catalysts has not been studied sufficiently yet. The paper presents preliminary results of dissolution of spent automotive catalyst on a metal carrier by means of acids: H2SO4, HCl, HNO3, H3PO4. The main assumption of the research was the dissolution of base metals (Fe, Cr, Al from metallic carrier of catalyst, avoiding dissolution of PGMs. Dissolution was the most effective when concentrated hydrochloric acid, and 2M sulfuric acid (VI was used. It was observed that the dust, remaining after leaching, contained platinum in the level of 0.8% and 0.7%, respectively.

  4. An Autonomic Auto-scaling Controller for Cloud Based Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge M. Londoño-Peláez

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available One of the key promises of Cloud Computing is elasticity – applications have at their disposal a very large pool of resources from which they can allocate whatever they need. For any fair-size application the amount of resources is significant and both overprovisioning and under provisioning have a negative impact on the customer. In the first case it leads to over costs and in the second case to poor application performance with negative business repercussions as well. It is then an important problem to provision resources appropriately. In addition, it is well known that application workloads exhibit high variability over short time periods. This creates the necessity of having autonomic mechanisms that make resource management decisions in real time and optimizing both cost and performance. To address these problems we present and autonomic auto-scaling controller that based on the stream of measurements from the system maintains the optimal number of resources and responds efficiently to workload variations, without incurring in over costs for high churn of resources or short duration peaks in the workload. To evaluate the performance of our system we conducted extensive evaluations based on traces of real applications deployed in the cloud. Our results show significant improvements over existing techniques.

  5. Auto-focused virtual source imaging with arbitrarily shaped interfaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camacho, Jorge; Cruza, Jorge F

    2015-11-01

    This work presents a new method, named auto-focused virtual source imaging (AVSI), for synthetic aperture focusing through arbitrarily shaped interfaces with arrays. First, the shape of the component surface is obtained by time-of-flight (TOF) measurements. Then, a set of virtual source/receivers is created by focusing several array subapertures at the interface normal incidence points. Finally, the synthetic aperture focusing technique (SAFT) is applied to the received signals to generate a high-resolution image. The AVSI method provides several advantages for ultrasonic imaging in a two-media scenario. First, knowledge of the probe-part geometry is not required, because all information needed for image formation is obtained from a set of ultrasonic measurements. Second, refraction complications in TOF calculations are avoided, because foci at the interface can be considered as virtual source/ receivers, and SAFT can be performed in the second medium only. Third, the signal-to-noise ratio is higher than with synthetic aperture techniques that use a single element as emitter, and fourth, resolution is higher than that obtained by phased-array imaging with the same number of active elements, which reduces hardware complexity. The theoretical bases of the method are given, and its performance is evaluated by simulation. Finally, experimental results showing good agreement with theory are presented. PMID:26559624

  6. Clock auto-synchronization method for BESIII ETOF upgrade

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Si-Yu; Cao, Ping; Liu, Shu-Bin; An, Qi

    2015-12-01

    An automatic clock synchronization method implemented in a field programmable gate array (FPGA) is proposed in this paper. It is developed for the clock system which will be applied in the end-cap time of flight (ETOF) upgrade of the Beijing Spectrometer (BESIII). In this design, an FPGA is used to automatically monitor the synchronization circuit and deal with signals coming from the external clock synchronization circuit. By testing different delay time of the detection signal and analyzing the signal state returned, the synchronization windows can be found automatically by the FPGA. The new clock system not only retains low clock jitter which is less than 20ps root mean square (RMS), but also demonstrates automatic synchronization to the beam bunches. So far, the clock auto-synchronizing function has been working successfully under a series of tests. It will greatly simplify the system initialization and maintenance in the future. Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (10979003, 11005107), CAS Center for Excellence in Particle Physics (CCEPP)

  7. GPS Auto-Navigation Design for Unmanned Air Vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nilsson, Caroline C. A.; Heinzen, Stearns N.; Hall, Charles E., Jr.; Chokani, Ndaona

    2003-01-01

    A GPS auto-navigation system is designed for Unmanned Air Vehicles. The objective is to enable the air vehicle to be used as a test-bed for novel flow control concepts. The navigation system uses pre-programmed GPS waypoints. The actual GPS position, heading, and velocity are collected by the flight computer, a PC104 system running in Real-Time Linux, and compared with the desired waypoint. The navigator then determines the necessity of a heading correction and outputs the correction in the form of a commanded bank angle, for a level coordinated turn, to the controller system. This controller system consists of 5 controller! (pitch rate PID, yaw damper, bank angle PID, velocity hold, and altitude hold) designed for a closed loop non-linear aircraft model with linear aerodynamic coefficients. The ability and accuracy of using GPS data, is validated by a GPS flight. The autopilots are also validated in flight. The autopilot unit flight validations show that the designed autopilots function as designed. The aircraft model, generated on Matlab SIMULINK is also enhanced by the flight data to accurately represent the actual aircraft.

  8. Fabrication and evaluation of auto-stripped tri-layer wound dressing for extensive burn injury

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the study, we are going to develop a tri-layer membrane as the artificial skin for extensive burn injury. The first layer is a three-dimensional tri-copolymer sponge of gelatin/hyaluronan/chodroitin-6-sulfate with 70% in porosity and 20-100 μm in pore size. The layer is constructed as a dermis analogous layer to stimulate capillaries penetration, to promote dermal fibroblast migration and to induce the secretion of extra-cellular matrix, which provides a better physiological environment for burn patient recovery. The second layer is as so called auto-stripped layer composed by poly-N-isopropyacrylamide (PNIPAAm). The layer will be automatically peeled off from the tri-copolymer layer once the wound site closed and recovered. The third layer is composed by polypropylene (PP) non-woven fabric, which provides an open structure for exudates drainage out that will reduce the risk of second infection. The tri-layer wound dressing has been successfully prepared by subsequently high-energy plasma treatment, γ-ray irradiation, UV light exposure, and lyophilized process. From the results of MTT, IL-8, IL-1α, IL-6, and TNF-α measurement, the developed material will not induce tissue inflammatory or immune response. The dermal fibroblasts showed initial contact with the material surface through the radial extension of filopodia followed by cytoplasmic webbing that could be examined by SEM. Dermal fibroblasts subsequently flattened for further proliferation and extra-cellular matrix secretion. Dermal analog layer provides a three-dimensional architecture for normal dermis regeneration. The layer can be completely biodegraded within 4 weeks post-operation. After served as a scaffold for the ingrowth of self-fibroblasts, a normal dermis like layer will be regenerated. The dressing will fall off automatically without any damage once the wound site healed completely

  9. Fabrication and evaluation of auto-stripped tri-layer wound dressing for extensive burn injury

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lin, F.-H. [Institute of Biomedical Engineering, College of Medicine and College of Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Department of Biomedical Engineering, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Tsai, J.-C. [Department of Materials Engineering, Ta Tung University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Chen, T.-M. [Department of Plastic Surgery, Tri-service Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Chen, K.-S. [Department of Materials Engineering, Ta Tung University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Yang, J.-M. [Department of Chemical Engineering, Chang Gung University, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan (China); Kang, P.-L. [Cardiovascular Division, Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan (China)]. E-mail: plkang@vghks.gov.tw; Wu, T-H. [Institute of Nuclear Energy Research, ROCEA, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan (China)

    2007-04-15

    In the study, we are going to develop a tri-layer membrane as the artificial skin for extensive burn injury. The first layer is a three-dimensional tri-copolymer sponge of gelatin/hyaluronan/chodroitin-6-sulfate with 70% in porosity and 20-100 {mu}m in pore size. The layer is constructed as a dermis analogous layer to stimulate capillaries penetration, to promote dermal fibroblast migration and to induce the secretion of extra-cellular matrix, which provides a better physiological environment for burn patient recovery. The second layer is as so called auto-stripped layer composed by poly-N-isopropyacrylamide (PNIPAAm). The layer will be automatically peeled off from the tri-copolymer layer once the wound site closed and recovered. The third layer is composed by polypropylene (PP) non-woven fabric, which provides an open structure for exudates drainage out that will reduce the risk of second infection. The tri-layer wound dressing has been successfully prepared by subsequently high-energy plasma treatment, {gamma}-ray irradiation, UV light exposure, and lyophilized process. From the results of MTT, IL-8, IL-1{alpha}, IL-6, and TNF-{alpha} measurement, the developed material will not induce tissue inflammatory or immune response. The dermal fibroblasts showed initial contact with the material surface through the radial extension of filopodia followed by cytoplasmic webbing that could be examined by SEM. Dermal fibroblasts subsequently flattened for further proliferation and extra-cellular matrix secretion. Dermal analog layer provides a three-dimensional architecture for normal dermis regeneration. The layer can be completely biodegraded within 4 weeks post-operation. After served as a scaffold for the ingrowth of self-fibroblasts, a normal dermis like layer will be regenerated. The dressing will fall off automatically without any damage once the wound site healed completely.

  10. ALGORITHM AND IMPLEMENTATION OF AUTO-SEARCHING WELD LINE FOR WELDING MOBILE ROBOT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Ke; L(U) Xueqin; WU Yixiong; LOU Songnian

    2006-01-01

    An algorithm of auto-searching weld line for welding mobile robot is presented.Auto-searching weld line is that the robot can automatically recognize a weld groove according to the characteristics of the weld groove before welding, and then adjust itself posture to the desired status preparing for welding, namely, it is a process that the robot autonomously aligns itself to the center of welding seam. Firstly, the configuration of welding mobile robot with the function of auto-searching weld line is introduced, then the algorithm and implementation of auto-searching weld line are presented on the basis of kinematics model of the robot, at last trajectory planning among auto-searching weld line is investigated in detail. The experiment result shows that the developed welding mobile robot can successfully implement the task of auto-searching weld line before welding, tracking error precision can be controlled to approximate ± 1.5 mm, and satisfy the requirement of practical welding project.

  11. AutoWARN - Automatic Support for the Weather Warning Service at Deutscher Wetterdienst

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reichert, B. K.

    2009-09-01

    The AutoWARN system integrates various meteorological products in an automated warning process with manual monitoring and decision possibilities for the forecaster. It exploits and combines observations, radar products, nowcasting products, statistical forecast products, and model forecasts of Numerical Weather Prediction. It generates and permanently updates forecast-time dependant automatic warning status proposals. The forecaster manually controls and, if necessary, modifies the automatic proposals. The generated warning status is exported to an external system outside of AutoWARN for the generation of textual and graphical warning products for customers. The development of the AutoWARN system was part of the future strategy 2006 to 2015 of the Deutscher Wetterdienst (DWD); headwords within this strategy are centralization and automation of the entire warning process. On the basis of the formerly developed system AutoMON (Automatic Monitoring and Alerting of significant Weather Events), AutoWARN is fully integrated into the meteorological workstation NinJo and is currently being evaluated by the forecasters of DWD. The project was finished in spring 2009. The presentation will focus on illuminating the concept of AutoWARN and demonstrating the currently running pre-operational version of the system at the National Warning Centre (NWC) of DWD.

  12. Intrinsic Tau Acetylation Is Coupled to Auto-Proteolytic Tau Fragmentation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Todd J Cohen

    Full Text Available Tau proteins are abnormally aggregated in a range of neurodegenerative tauopathies including Alzheimer's disease (AD. Recently, tau has emerged as an extensively post-translationally modified protein, among which lysine acetylation is critical for normal tau function and its pathological aggregation. Here, we demonstrate that tau isoforms have different propensities to undergo lysine acetylation, with auto-acetylation occurring more prominently within the lysine-rich microtubule-binding repeats. Unexpectedly, we identified a unique intrinsic property of tau in which auto-acetylation induces proteolytic tau cleavage, thereby generating distinct N- and C-terminal tau fragments. Supporting a catalytic reaction-based mechanism, mapping and mutagenesis studies showed that tau cysteines, which are required for acetyl group transfer, are also essential for auto-proteolytic tau processing. Further mass spectrometry analysis identified the C-terminal 2nd and 4th microtubule binding repeats as potential sites of auto-cleavage. The identification of acetylation-mediated auto-proteolysis provides a new biochemical mechanism for tau self-regulation and warrants further investigation into whether auto-catalytic functions of tau are implicated in AD and other tauopathies.

  13. Effects of Pyriproxifen on Aedes japonicus Development and Its Auto-Dissemination by Gravid Females in Laboratory Trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuten, Holly C; Moosmann, Philipp; Mathis, Alexander; Schaffner, Francis

    2016-03-01

    In a series of laboratory experiments, we investigated the effects of the juvenile-hormone analog pyriproxyfen on the inhibition of Aedes japonicus adult emergence after exposure of late-stage (3rd/4th) larvae (either field-collected or lab-reared from field-collected eggs) to pyriproxyfen. Emergence inhibition was 74%, 83%, 86%, and 92% at 0.01, 0.5, 2.5, and 5 μg/liter, respectively. Additionally, following a 1-day exposure of larvae to pyriproxyfen-containing water (5 μg/liter), and for a separate cohort exposed to that same water 10 days later, significantly more pupae died resulting in fewer adults emerged in the treatment versus control group. In 4 tent trials, gravid adult females were able to auto-disseminate a 5% pyriproxyfen powder to larval development habitats at high enough concentrations to cause a significant increase in inhibition of adult emergence. Therefore, we conclude that pyriproxyfen has a great potential for use in controlling this invasive cryptic breeder. PMID:27105217

  14. THE EFFECTS OF TRAFFIC NOISE POLLUTION ON AUTO-DRIVER’S HEALTH IN SELECTED AUTO-ROUTES: THE CASE OF KOLKATA MUNICIPAL CORPORATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anwesha Chakraborty,

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The growing menace of noise pollution is one of the crucial environmental issues in modern era across the world. This is a silent killer of the physical as well as psychological health of human being. The existing findings in Indian context show that Kolkata is amongst the polluted city primarily because of high population base and growing surface transportation system. In the light of this, the present study addresses the main source of noise pollution viz. traffic noise pollution and its likely impact upon the occupationally exposed public auto drivers who spends more than eight hours on few selected busy traffic sites of the city. The study uses the primary data for the period 2011 to 2013 which includes busiest road intersection as well as auto depots from different parts of the city. The finding reveals that the year 2013 is the noisiest year and this also reported the highest numbers of auditory disorders on auto-drivers heath. Apart from this, during this year highest numbers of irritation and low tolerance level cases have also been registered on auto-drivers heath. Amongst all the survey sites, Ultadanga site from northern parts, Howrah Bridge Approach site from Central parts and Behala 14 no. bus stand site from southern parts have been considered as highest noisy sites in the city where highest numbers of health disordered have also been registered throughout the entire study period.

  15. AutoDipole - Automated generation of dipole subtraction terms -

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasegawa, K.; Moch, S.; Uwer, P.

    2010-10-01

    We present an automated generation of the subtraction terms for next-to-leading order QCD calculations in the Catani-Seymour dipole formalism. For a given scattering process with n external particles our Mathematica package generates all dipole terms, allowing for both massless and massive dipoles. The numerical evaluation of the subtraction terms proceeds with MadGraph, which provides Fortran code for the necessary scattering amplitudes. Checks of the numerical stability are discussed. Program summaryProgram title: AutoDipole Catalogue identifier: AEGO_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEGO_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 138 042 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 1 117 665 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: Mathematica and Fortran Computer: Computers running Mathematica (version 7.0) Operating system: The package should work on every Linux system supported by Mathematica. Detailed tests have been performed on Scientific Linux as supported by DESY and CERN and on openSUSE and Debian. RAM: Depending on the complexity of the problem, recommended at least 128 MB RAM Classification: 11.5 External routines: MadGraph (including HELAS library) available under http://madgraph.hep.uiuc.edu/ or http://madgraph.phys.ucl.ac.be/ or http://madgraph.roma2.infn.it/. A copy of the tar file, MG_ME_SA_V4.4.30, is included in the AutoDipole distribution package. Nature of problem: Computation of next-to-leading order QCD corrections to scattering cross sections, regularization of real emission contributions. Solution method: Catani-Seymour subtraction method for massless and massive partons [1,2]; Numerical evaluation of subtracted matrix elements interfaced to MadGraph [3-5] (stand-alone version) using

  16. Auto-propagation of contours for adaptive prostate radiation therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, Ming; Xie, Yaoqin; Xing, Lei

    2008-09-01

    The purpose of this work is to develop an effective technique to automatically propagate contours from planning CT to cone beam CT (CBCT) to facilitate CBCT-guided prostate adaptive radiation therapy. Different from other disease sites, such as the lungs, the contour mapping here is complicated by two factors: (i) the physical one-to-one correspondence may not exist due to the insertion or removal of some image contents within the region of interest (ROI); and (ii) reduced contrast to noise ratio of the CBCT images due to increased scatter. To overcome these issues, we investigate a strategy of excluding the regions with variable contents by a careful design of a narrow shell signifying the contour of an ROI. For rectum, for example, a narrow shell with the delineated contours as its interior surface was constructed to avoid the adverse influence of the day-to-day content change inside the rectum on the contour mapping. The corresponding contours in the CBCT were found by warping the narrow shell through the use of BSpline deformable model. Both digital phantom experiments and clinical case testing were carried out to validate the proposed ROI mapping method. It was found that the approach was able to reliably warp the constructed narrow band with an accuracy better than 1.3 mm. For all five clinical cases enrolled in this study, the method yielded satisfactory results even when there were significant rectal content changes between the planning CT and CBCT scans. The overlapped area of the auto-mapped contours over 90% to the manually drawn contours is readily achievable. The proposed approach permits us to take advantage of the regional calculation algorithm yet avoiding the nuisance of rectum/bladder filling and provide a useful tool for adaptive radiotherapy of prostate in the future.

  17. Auto-propagation of contours for adaptive prostate radiation therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, Ming; Xie, Yaoqin; Xing, Lei

    2008-09-01

    The purpose of this work is to develop an effective technique to automatically propagate contours from planning CT to cone beam CT (CBCT) to facilitate CBCT-guided prostate adaptive radiation therapy. Different from other disease sites, such as the lungs, the contour mapping here is complicated by two factors: (i) the physical one-to-one correspondence may not exist due to the insertion or removal of some image contents within the region of interest (ROI); and (ii) reduced contrast to noise ratio of the CBCT images due to increased scatter. To overcome these issues, we investigate a strategy of excluding the regions with variable contents by a careful design of a narrow shell signifying the contour of an ROI. For rectum, for example, a narrow shell with the delineated contours as its interior surface was constructed to avoid the adverse influence of the day-to-day content change inside the rectum on the contour mapping. The corresponding contours in the CBCT were found by warping the narrow shell through the use of BSpline deformable model. Both digital phantom experiments and clinical case testing were carried out to validate the proposed ROI mapping method. It was found that the approach was able to reliably warp the constructed narrow band with an accuracy better than 1.3 mm. For all five clinical cases enrolled in this study, the method yielded satisfactory results even when there were significant rectal content changes between the planning CT and CBCT scans. The overlapped area of the auto-mapped contours over 90% to the manually drawn contours is readily achievable. The proposed approach permits us to take advantage of the regional calculation algorithm yet avoiding the nuisance of rectum/bladder filling and provide a useful tool for adaptive radiotherapy of prostate in the future. PMID:18677041

  18. Auto-propagation of contours for adaptive prostate radiation therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this work is to develop an effective technique to automatically propagate contours from planning CT to cone beam CT (CBCT) to facilitate CBCT-guided prostate adaptive radiation therapy. Different from other disease sites, such as the lungs, the contour mapping here is complicated by two factors: (i) the physical one-to-one correspondence may not exist due to the insertion or removal of some image contents within the region of interest (ROI); and (ii) reduced contrast to noise ratio of the CBCT images due to increased scatter. To overcome these issues, we investigate a strategy of excluding the regions with variable contents by a careful design of a narrow shell signifying the contour of an ROI. For rectum, for example, a narrow shell with the delineated contours as its interior surface was constructed to avoid the adverse influence of the day-to-day content change inside the rectum on the contour mapping. The corresponding contours in the CBCT were found by warping the narrow shell through the use of BSpline deformable model. Both digital phantom experiments and clinical case testing were carried out to validate the proposed ROI mapping method. It was found that the approach was able to reliably warp the constructed narrow band with an accuracy better than 1.3 mm. For all five clinical cases enrolled in this study, the method yielded satisfactory results even when there were significant rectal content changes between the planning CT and CBCT scans. The overlapped area of the auto-mapped contours over 90% to the manually drawn contours is readily achievable. The proposed approach permits us to take advantage of the regional calculation algorithm yet avoiding the nuisance of rectum/bladder filling and provide a useful tool for adaptive radiotherapy of prostate in the future

  19. Kepler AutoRegressive Planet Search: Initial Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caceres, Gabriel; Feigelson, Eric; Jogesh Babu, G.; Bahamonde, Natalia; Bertin, Karine; Christen, Alejandra; Curé, Michel; Meza, Cristian

    2015-08-01

    The statistical analysis procedures of the Kepler AutoRegressive Planet Search (KARPS) project are applied to a portion of the publicly available Kepler light curve data for the full 4-year mission duration. Tests of the methods have been made on a subset of Kepler Objects of Interest (KOI) systems, classified both as planetary `candidates' and `false positives' by the Kepler Team, as well as a random sample of unclassified systems. We find that the ARMA-type modeling successfully reduces the stellar variability, by a factor of 10 or more in active stars and by smaller factors in more quiescent stars. A typical quiescent Kepler star has an interquartile range (IQR) of ~10 e-/sec, which may improve slightly after modeling, while those with IQR ranging from 20 to 50 e-/sec, have improvements from 20% up to 70%. High activity stars (IQR exceeding 100) markedly improve, but visual inspection of the residual series shows that significant deviations from Gaussianity remain for many of them. Although the reduction in stellar signal is encouraging, it is important to note that the transit signal is also altered in the resulting residual time series. The periodogram derived from our Transit Comb Filter (TCF) is most effective for shorter period planets with quick ingress/egress times (relative to Kepler's 29-minute sample rate). We do not expect high sensitivity to periods of hundreds of days. Our findings to date on real-data tests of the KARPS methodology will be discussed including confirmation of some Kepler Team `candidate' planets, no confirmation of some `candidate' and `false positive' sytems, and suggestions of mischosen harmonics in the Kepler Team periodograms. We also present cases of new possible planetary signals.

  20. Cost Optimal Elastic Auto-Scaling in Cloud Infrastructure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukhopadhyay, S.; Sidhanta, S.; Ganguly, S.; Nemani, R. R.

    2014-12-01

    Today, elastic scaling is critical part of leveraging cloud. Elastic scaling refers to adding resources only when it is needed and deleting resources when not in use. Elastic scaling ensures compute/server resources are not over provisioned. Today, Amazon and Windows Azure are the only two platform provider that allow auto-scaling of cloud resources where servers are automatically added and deleted. However, these solution falls short of following key features: A) Requires explicit policy definition such server load and therefore lacks any predictive intelligence to make optimal decision; B) Does not decide on the right size of resource and thereby does not result in cost optimal resource pool. In a typical cloud deployment model, we consider two types of application scenario: A. Batch processing jobs → Hadoop/Big Data case B. Transactional applications → Any application that process continuous transactions (Requests/response) In reference of classical queuing model, we are trying to model a scenario where servers have a price and capacity (size) and system can add delete servers to maintain a certain queue length. Classical queueing models applies to scenario where number of servers are constant. So we cannot apply stationary system analysis in this case. We investigate the following questions 1. Can we define Job queue and use the metric to define such a queue to predict the resource requirement in a quasi-stationary way? Can we map that into an optimal sizing problem? 2. Do we need to get into a level of load (CPU/Data) on server level to characterize the size requirement? How do we learn that based on Job type?

  1. Intermediate species measurement during iso-butanol auto-ignition

    KAUST Repository

    Ji, Weiqi

    2015-10-01

    © 2015 The Combustion Institute.Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This work presents the time histories of intermediate species during the auto-ignition of iso-butanol at high pressure and intermediate temperature conditions obtained using a rapid compression machine and recently developed fast sampling system. Iso-butanol ignition delays were acquired for iso-butanol/O2 mixture with an inert/O2 ratio of 7.26, equivalence ratio of 0.4, in the temperature range of 840-950 K and at pressure of 25 bar. Fast sampling and gas chromatography were used to acquire and quantify the intermediate species during the ignition delay of the same mixture at P = 25.3 bar and T = 905 K. The ignition delay times and quantitative measurements of the mole fraction time histories of methane, ethene, propene, iso-butene, iso-butyraldehyde, iso-butanol, and carbon monoxide were compared with predictions from the detailed mechanisms developed by Sarathy et al., Merchant et al., and Cai et al. It is shown that while the Sarathy mechanism well predicts the overall ignition delay time, it overpredicts ethene by a factor of 6-10, underpredicts iso-butene by a factor of 2, and overpredicts iso-butyraldehyde by a factor of 2. Reaction path and sensitivity analyses were carried out to identify the reactions responsible for the observed inadequacy. The rates of iso-butanol hydrogen atom abstraction by OH radical and the beta-scission reactions of hydroxybutyl radicals were updated based on recently published quantum calculation results. Significant improvements were achieved in predicting ignition delay at high pressures (25 and 30 bar) and the species concentrations of ethene and iso-butene. However, the updated mechanism still overpredicts iso-butyraldehyde concentrations. Also, the updated mechanism degrades the prediction in ignition delay at lower pressure (15 bar) compared to the original mechanism developed by Sarathy et al.

  2. Auto-percepções, auto-estima, ansiedade físico-social e imagem corporal – estudo comparativo entre instrutores de fitness e praticantes de actividade física

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Filipe Santos

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available O instrutor de fitness é constantemente confrontado, nas suas aulas, com a sua imagem corporal, auto-conceito, auto-estima e com a apreciação da mesma pelo próprio e pela classe. Assim, o modo como o instrutor se auto-percepciona e como este pensa como os outros o percepcionam tem vindo a ser um tema ainda por responder. O propósito de examinar o modo como o Autoconceito, a Auto-estima e a Imagem Corporal se reflecte na vida profissional do instrutor de fitness poderá, de alguma forma, cooperar na procura dessa resposta.

  3. Implementation of Automation of Topology Surface Creation based on AutoCAD and its Application Example%基于AutoCAD拓扑构面自动化的实现与应用实例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡玉臣; 刘达; 王文明; 齐中华

    2011-01-01

    This paper implemented the topology surface creation based on AutoCAD through programming, and changed the traditional edit pattern of normal surface feature in AutoCAD, which greatly improved the data production efficiency and data quality related to topology.%通过编程实现AutoCAD下拓扑构面,改变基于AutoCAD的常规面状要素数据的编辑模式,可以有效地提高与拓扑关系有关的测绘数据生产效率和数据质量.

  4. Proliferation of epithelial rests of Malassez following auto-transplantation of third molars: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schepers Serge

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Auto-transplantation of third molars is frequently undertaken in order to restore a perfect occlusion and to improve mastication following a substantial loss of molars. However, little is known about the precise role of the periodontal membrane during this procedure. Therefore, we investigated if the epithelial rests of Malassez persist in the periodontal ligament of auto-transplanted teeth and, if so, whether these may show signs of a neuro-epithelial relationship. Case presentation We report a case of a 21-year-old Caucasian woman who underwent an auto-transplantation of two third molars. After two years, renewed progressive caries of the auto-transplanted teeth led to the removal of the auto-transplanted elements. The periodontal ligament was removed and studied with a light and transmission electron microscope. Conclusion In this report we examined the ultrastructure of the periodontal ligament after auto-transplantation in order to see if the periodontal ligament recovers completely from this intervention. We observed fully developed blood vessels and a re-innervation of the epithelial rests of Malassez which were proliferating following auto-transplantation. This proliferation might be critical in the remodelling of the alveolar socket in order to provide a perfect fit for the transplanted tooth. In order to minimalise the damage to the epithelial rests of Malassez, the extraction of the tooth should be as atraumatic as possible in order to provide an optimal conservation of the periodontal ligament which will be beneficial to the healing-process.

  5. Using AutoCAD to improve the visibility of the organizational technological design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lebedeva Irina Mikhailovna

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the issue of increasing the visibility of technological solutions in organizational-technological design. The ability to visualize the main stages of building process technology contributes to organic integration of all the requirements. A special role for the harmonious perception is played by correct display of the lighting facilities, shadowing. Realistic shadows help to analyze the rooms’ insolation of the designed facility and the surrounding areas. We give a justification for the use of AutoCAD in order to automate the process of visualizing the results of organizational-technological design. The author describes the methods of obtaining realistic natural lighting in AutoCAD without significantly increasing the complexity of the process. Engineering companies in 46 % of cases use the software AutoCAD in order to create construction plans. AutoCAD has a variety of possibilities and is constantly evolving. Continuation is one of the benefits of this program. AutoCAD is unique in terms of customization, because, apart from instruction languages, it has two built-in programming languages: AutoLISP and VisualBasic. Because of these specific features AutoCAD allows to create any applications related to graphics implementation. Constant monitoring of lightning changes allows finding the appropriate in terms of aesthetics, ergonomics and insolation decisions on planning and associating a building or structure to the environment. Solar lighting is simulated by a combination of several directional lightning point sources. The author offers a brief description of the program algorithm, which allows automatically managing lighting settings and creating a file with a realistic visualization of the design solutions.

  6. Spherical auto-flushing pipe filter used in the sea water cooling system of nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Taking TNPS Unit 1 and 2 as an example, this paper briefly introduces the constitutes and functions of the sea water cooling system, especially the issues when the heat exchanger was jam-packed with sea sundries. The necessity to erect the auto-flushing pipe filter is discussed. The scheme design and equipment selection of auto-flushing filter and the effect of using the auto-flushing filter in TNPS are introduced. (authors)

  7. Globalization and Regionalization of Complete Auto's and Auto Parts' Trade%全球整车及其零部件贸易格局演化特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑蕾; 刘毅; 刘卫东

    2016-01-01

    以汽车产业为例,采用中心性、E-I指数和核心-边缘模型等网络分析方法,分析2003~2013年间,全球整车及零部件贸易在全球化和区域化力量共同作用下的演化特征.结果显示:① 整车贸易和零部件贸易的全球化程度和区域化程度均有所提高,但贸易全球化特征相对更明显;② 整车贸易网络核心一直为德、日、美3国,零部件贸易网络核心则由美、日变为中、德;亚洲汽车零部件贸易网络以中国为核心迅速发展,欧洲汽车零部件贸易网络重心向东欧和南欧转移明显;③ 发动机系统组件贸易向以德国为首的欧洲国家集中,电子电器组件贸易向以中国为中心的东亚地区集中,附加值低的轮胎和内胎组件贸易向中国、印度、巴西等新兴市场分散.%Under the background of globalization and regionalization, the world's trade pattern has altered dis-tinctly. Defining trade globalization as the size and complexity of trade network, and regionalization as specific types of linkages betweencountries in the same region, this article analyzes complete auto's and auto parts' trade patterns in 2003-2013, and examines whether they become globalized or regionalized using the social net-work approach. The centrality, E-I index and core-periphery model of the trade network are calculated, and the results are as follows:firstly, exports of auto parts concentrate in emerging markets of east Asia and eastern Eu-rope with the globalization of automobile production, while the exports of complete auto don't follow that trend. The trade networks of complete auto and auto parts both become denser, which means they turn more global; and the interregional ties of their trade network become stronger, implying more regionalized trade;however, the E-I index shows that globalization seems to be dominating the trade of complete auto and auto parts, while the regionalization process is relatively unconspicuous. Secondly, the

  8. Automatizuotojo projektavimo sistemos AutoCAD galimybių papildymo programinės įrangos projektavimas ir tyrimas

    OpenAIRE

    Koskutė, Lina

    2007-01-01

    AutoCAD sistemos papildymas sukurtas tam, kad būtų lengviau ir paprasčiau dirbti su AutoCAD grafine sistema. Funkcijos sukurtos naudojant AutoLisp ir VisualLISP programavimo kalbas. Sistemos papildymą galima įdiegti į bet kurią AutoCAD versiją. Sukurtas papildymas lankstus naujų funkcijų prijungimui, lengvai eksploatuojamas. Funkcijos suskirstytos į keletą grupių pagal jų formatą.

  9. China publishes auto industry rejuvenation plan%中国出台汽车产业振兴规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ China's State Council recently passed in principle the auto industry rejuvenation plan. Major contents of the plan are:to foster auto consum ption market, including a 50 percent cut in the vehicle purchase tax on passenger vehicles with a displacement of 1.6 liters and below; to promote reorganization of the auto industry and support large auto enterprise groups to carry out mergers and acquisitions, and key auto spare enterprises to expand production; to support independent innovation and technical upgrading by enterprises: the central government wiU appropriate RMB 10 billion in a special fund to support technical innovation and renovation and development of new energy automobiles and spare parts by enterprises in the next three years;to implement a new energy auto strategy :subsidy from the central budget will be appropriated to support the spread of energy saving and new energy automobiles in large-and medium-sized cities; and to promote development of independent brands of automobiles, speed up construction of auto and spare parts exportbases, develop a modern auto service industry and improve auto credit.

  10. Auto-solitons in electron-hole plasma/exciton system in silicon at 4.2 K

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Results of an experimental discovery and investigation of auto-oscillation for electron-hole plasma/excitons system in the Si at impact ionization of excitons in direct electric field are presented. It is shown that current auto-oscillations occur due to the destruction of homogeneous distribution of the electron-hole plasma density and the electron--hole plasma stratification caused by formation of strong nonequilibrium state of - auto-solitons. The microplasma breakdown of an inversely displaced Schottky barrier is the cause for the spontaneous excitation of auto-solitons

  11. Iterative model building, structure refinement and density modification with the PHENIX AutoBuild wizard

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The highly automated PHENIX AutoBuild wizard is described. The procedure can be applied equally well to phases derived from isomorphous/anomalous and molecular-replacement methods. The PHENIX AutoBuild wizard is a highly automated tool for iterative model building, structure refinement and density modification using RESOLVE model building, RESOLVE statistical density modification and phenix.refine structure refinement. Recent advances in the AutoBuild wizard and phenix.refine include automated detection and application of NCS from models as they are built, extensive model-completion algorithms and automated solvent-molecule picking. Model-completion algorithms in the AutoBuild wizard include loop building, crossovers between chains in different models of a structure and side-chain optimization. The AutoBuild wizard has been applied to a set of 48 structures at resolutions ranging from 1.1 to 3.2 Å, resulting in a mean R factor of 0.24 and a mean free R factor of 0.29. The R factor of the final model is dependent on the quality of the starting electron density and is relatively independent of resolution

  12. Sun Microsystems' autoClient and management of computer farms at BaBar

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Modern HEP experiments require immense amounts of computing power. In the BaBar experiment at SLAC, most of it is provided by Solaris SPARC systems. AutoClient, a product of Sun Microsystems, was designed to make setting up and managing large numbers of Solaris systems more straightforward. AutoClient machines keep all file systems, except swap, on a server and employ CacheFS to cache them onto a local disk, which makes them Field Replaceable Units with performance of stand-alone systems. The authors began exploring the technology in Summer 1998, and currently operate online, reconstruction, analysis and console AutoClient farms with the total number of nodes exceeding 400. Although the technology has been available since 1995, it has not been widely used, and the available documentation does not adequately cover many important details of AutoClient installation and management. This paper discusses various aspects of the authors experience with AutoClient, including tips and tricks, performance and maintainability, scalability and server requirements, existing problems and possible future enhancements

  13. AutoPowerOff plug banks - a story with energy saving perspectives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hjort Jensen, Anders (The Danish Electricity Saving Trust (Denmark)); Fjordbak, Troels (IT Energy ApS (Denmark))

    2009-07-01

    Denmark uses around 35 TWh of electricity per year, with residential dwellings accounting for around 10 TWh of this figure. Standby consumption comprises around 12% of power used in homes. If every Danish home installed AutoPowerOff plug banks, savings exceeding 500 GWh per year would be possible, equivalent to 5% of household electricity consumption, or 1.5% of the total in Denmark. This paper describes the estimated standby consumption in Danish homes in 2006, and possible energy savings through the use of AutoPowerOff plug banks. The estimates were subsequently used as background information for a 2007-2008 campaign to promote the wider use of these devices in Denmark. In order to increase the sale of AutoPowerOff plug banks by 1 million units, it was agreed that retail chains selling consumer electronics would include an AutoPowerOff when selling a TV or PC. A nationwide TV advertising campaign was launched featuring the names of participating retailers. Sales of AutoPowerOff plug banks in the first 7 months of 2008 passed the 515,000 mark, with over 1 million units now installed in 2.5 million Danish households. Annual savings are estimated to be over 80 GWh, equivalent to 40,000 tons of CO{sub 2}. This equates to potential savings on an EU-wide basis of more than 7 TWh, or 3.6 million tons of CO{sub 2} in Denmark.

  14. Una voz temblorosa: Música y auto-afección en Jacques Derrida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristóbal Durán

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo busca mostrar que el estatuto de la música en la obra de Jacques Derrida propone una problematización rigurosa de la figura de la auto-afección. Si esta última encuentra en la voz su modelo ejemplar, en tanto espacio en el cual un sí-mismo garantiza la estabilidad de su presencia, la formulación derrideana de la música como experiencia de una apropiación imposible sugiere una reformulación de la voz auto-afectiva. La auto-afección, como posibilidad de una subjetividad, ya no sería un espacio homogéneo y cerrado sobre sí, sino un espaciamiento que instituye e impide a la vez el monólogo de la voz.

  15. Disentangling degradation and auto-recovery of luminescence in Alq3 based organic light emitting diodes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Organic semiconductor devices and materials have matured sufficiently to be limited by intrinsic degradation processes which are as yet not understood well. We use high quality Alq3 based organic light emitting diodes to study the rate processes involved in degradation due to electrical stressing and its auto-recovery. The method involves interspersing degradation due to electrical pulsing with variable relaxation windows to monitor time evolution of loss and recovery of luminescence. The corresponding rate processes for permanent and auto-recoverable degradation is discussed on the basis of charging and discharging of traps, and a phenomenological model based on metastability in configuration-coordinate diagram is proposed. -- Highlights: • Luminescence degradation of high quality Alq3 based OLED device. • Auto-recovery of luminance as function of relaxation time is exponential. • Individual rates of permanent, recoverable and relaxation process measured. • A Phenomenological model based on metastable state in configuration-coordinate

  16. A dry powder formulation from silk fibroin microspheres as a topical auto-gelling device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faragò, Silvio; Lucconi, Giulia; Perteghella, Sara; Vigani, Barbara; Tripodo, Giuseppe; Sorrenti, Milena; Catenacci, Laura; Boschi, Alessandra; Faustini, Massimo; Vigo, Daniele; Chlapanidas, Theodora; Marazzi, Mario; Torre, Maria Luisa

    2016-06-01

    With the aim of establishing the formulation of a new hydrophilic auto-gelling medical device for biomedical applications, fibroin-based microspheres were prepared. The proposed microspheres were produced by a cost-effective and industrially scalable technique, such as the spray-drying. Spray-dried silk fibroin microspheres were obtained and the effects of different hydrophilic polymer on the process yield, microsphere morphology and conformation transition of fibroin were evaluated. The final auto-gelling formulations were obtained by adding calcium gluconate (as a calcium source for alginate crosslinking) to the prepared microspheres and tested by an in vitro gelling test. This study showed that the combination of fibroin with sodium alginate and poloxamer produced the most promising auto-gelling formulation for specific biomedical applications, such as the treatment of pressure ulcers. PMID:25757645

  17. Design of an adaptive backstepping controller for auto-berthing a cruise ship under wind loads

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Park Jong-Yong

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The auto-berthing of a ship requires excellent control for safe accomplishment. Crabbing, which is the pure sway motion of a ship without surge velocity, can be used for this purpose. Crabbing is induced by a peculiar operation procedure known as the push-pull mode. When a ship is in the push-pull mode, an interacting force is induced by complex turbulent flow around the ship generated by the propellers and side thrusters. In this paper, three degrees of freedom equations of the motions of crabbing are derived. The equations are used to apply the adaptive backstepping control method to the auto-berthing controller of a cruise ship. The controller is capable of handling the system nonlinearity and uncertainty of the berthing process. A control allocation algorithm for a ship equipped with two propellers and two side thrusters is also developed, the performance of which is validated by simulation of auto-berthing.

  18. Muunnossähköauto eCelica - Rekisteröinti ja katsastus

    OpenAIRE

    Kaihovirta, Tomi

    2015-01-01

    Työn tavoitteena oli saada muunnossähköauto eCelica rekisteröityä ja katsastettua Suomen tieliikennelainsäädännön mukaiseksi. Tavoitteena oli tutustua myös sähköautokonversioita koskevaan lainsäädäntöön. Tärkein tavoite oli saada auto rekisteröityä Suomen tieliikenteeseen, jotta auto saadaan koulun käyttöön. Työ on luonteeltaan tutkimus- sekä kirjallisuuspohjainen. Sähköautoon kehitettiin hidaslatausjärjestelmä, jolla auton akusto saadaan ladattua verkosta tai aurinko- ja tuulivoimalla. S...

  19. Realization of method of characteristics based on customization of AutoCAD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The method of characteristics (MOC) solves the neutron transport equation along each characteristics line. Theoretically, it is independent of the geometry shape of boundary and region. However, the geometry should be described, and ray tracing should be carried out firstly. In most of the existing MOC codes, the geometry description and ray tracing still have more or less limitation. To wipe off these geometry limitations for using MOC in more complex fuel assembly calculation, a new MOC code AutoMOC based on the customization of AutoCAD was developed. The numerical results show that AutoMOC not only has high flexibility in geometry but also gives accurate solutions in comparison with state-of-the-art methodologies. (authors)

  20. A voxel visualization and analysis system based on AutoCAD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marschallinger, Robert

    1996-05-01

    A collection of AutoLISP programs is presented which enable the visualization and analysis of voxel models by AutoCAD rel. 12/rel. 13. The programs serve as an interactive, graphical front end for manipulating the results of three-dimensional modeling software producing block estimation data. ASCII data files describing geometry and attributes per estimation block are imported and stored as a voxel array. Each voxel may contain multiple attributes, therefore different parameters may be incorporated in one voxel array. Voxel classification is implemented on a layer basis providing flexible treatment of voxel classes such as recoloring, peeling, or volumetry. A versatile clipping tool enables slicing voxel arrays according to combinations of three perpendicular clipping planes. The programs feature an up-to-date, graphical user interface for user-friendly operation by non AutoCAD specialists.