Unconstrained SU(2) and SU(3) Yang-Mills classical mechanics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A systematic study of contraints in SU(2) and SU(3) Yang-Mills classical mechanics is performed. Expect for the SU(2) case with spatial angular momenta they turn out to be nonholonomic. The complete elimination of the unphysical gauge and rotatinal degrees of freedom is achieved using Dirac's constraint formalism. We present an effective unconstrained formulation of the general SU(2) Yang-Mills classical mechanics as well as for SU(3) in the subspace of vanishing spatial angular momenta that is well suited for further explicit dynamical investigations. (orig.)
Topological susceptibility for the SU(3) Yang--Mills theory
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Del Debbio, Luigi; Giusti, Leonardo; Pica, Claudio
2004-01-01
We present the results of a computation of the topological susceptibility in the SU(3) Yang--Mills theory performed by employing the expression of the topological charge density operator suggested by Neuberger's fermions. In the continuum limit we find r_0^4 chi = 0.059(3), which corresponds to chi......=(191 \\pm 5 MeV)^4 if F_K is used to set the scale. Our result supports the Witten--Veneziano explanation for the large mass of the eta'....
Hagedorn spectrum and thermodynamics of SU(2) and SU(3) Yang-Mills theories
Caselle, Michele; Panero, Marco
2015-01-01
We present a high-precision lattice calculation of the equation of state in the confining phase of SU(2) Yang-Mills theory. We show that the results are described very well by a gas of massive, non-interacting glueballs, provided one assumes an exponentially growing Hagedorn spectrum. The latter can be derived within an effective bosonic closed-string model, leading to a parameter-free theoretical prediction, which is in perfect agreement with our lattice results. Furthermore, when applied to SU(3) Yang-Mills theory, this effective model accurately describes the lattice results reported by Bors\\'anyi et al. in JHEP 07 (2012) 056.
Discriminating between two reformulations of SU(3) Yang-Mills theory on a lattice
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Shibata, Akihiro [Computing Research Center, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba 305-0801 (Japan); Kondo, Kei-Ichi; Shinohara, Toru [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Chiba University, Chiba 263-8522 (Japan); Kato, Seikou [Fukui National College of Technology, Sabae 916-8507 (Japan)
2016-01-22
In order to investigate quark confinement, we give a new reformulation of the SU (N) Yang-Mills theory on a lattice and present the results of the numerical simulations of the SU (3) Yang-Mills theory on a lattice. The numerical simulations include the derivation of the linear potential for static interquark potential, i.e., non-vanishing string tension, in which the “Abelian” dominance and magnetic monopole dominance are established, confirmation of the dual Meissner effect by measuring the chromoelectric flux tube between quark-antiquark pair, the induced magnetic-monopole current, and the type of dual superconductivity, etc.
Magnetic monopole and confinement/deconfinement phase transition in SU(3) Yang-Mills theory
Shibata, Akihiro; Kato, Seikou; Shinohara, Toru
2015-01-01
We have proposed the non-Abelian dual superconductivity in SU(3) Yang-Mills theory for the mechanism of quark confinement,and we presented the numerical evidences in preceding lattice conferences by using the proposed gauge link decomposition to extract magnetic monopole in the gauge invariant way. In this talk, we focus on the dual Meissner effects in view of the magnetic monopole in SU(3) Yang-Mills theory. We measure the chromoelectric and chromomagnetic flux due to a pair of quark and antiquark source at finite temperature. Then, we measure the correlation function of Polyakov loops and Polyakov loop average at various temperatures, and investigate chromomagnetic monopole current induced by chromo-magnetic flux in both confinement and deconfinement phase. We will discuss the role of the chromoelectric monopole in confinement/deconfinement phase transition.
Functional Approach to Classical Yang-Mills Theories
Carta, P
2002-01-01
Sometime ago it was shown that the operatorial approach to classical mechanics, pioneered in the 30's by Koopman and von Neumann, can have a functional version. In this talk we will extend this functional approach to the case of classical field theories and in particular to the Yang-Mills ones. We shall show that the issues of gauge-fixing and Faddeev-Popov determinant arise also in this classical formalism.
A Classical Solution of Massive Yang-Mills Fields
Mogami, Tsuguo
2016-01-01
Recent researches on the solution of Schwinger-Dyson equations, as well as lattice simulations of pure QCD, suggest that the gluon propagator is massive. In this letter, we assume that the classical counterpart of this massive gluon field may be represented with the equation of motion for Yang-Mills theory with a mass term added. A new classical solution is given for this equation. It is discussed that this solution may have some role in confinement.
Exact solutions to D=2 Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Quantum Mechanics with SU(3) gauge group
Korcyl, Piotr
2009-01-01
In this article we present the cut Fock space approach to the D=d+1=2, Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Quantum Mechanics (SYMQM). We start by briefly introducing the main features of the framework. We concentrate on those properties of the method which make it a convenient set up not only for numerical calculations but also for analytic computations. In the main part of the article a sample of results are discussed, namely, analytic and numerical analysis of the D=2, SYMQM systems with SU(2) and SU(3) gauge symmetry.
A precise determination of the running coupling in the SU(3) Yang-Mills theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A non-perturbative finite-size scaling technique is used to study the evolution of the running coupling (in a certain adapted scheme) in the SU(3) Yang-Mills theory. At low energies contact is made with the fundamental dynamical scales, such as the string tension K, while at larger energies the coupling is shown to evolve according to perturbation theory. In that regime the coupling in the anti M anti S scheme of dimensional regularization is obtained with an estimated total error of a few percent. (orig.)
A novel computation of the thermodynamics of the SU(3) Yang-Mills theory
Giusti, Leonardo
2015-01-01
We present an accurate computation of the Equation of State of the SU(3) Yang-Mills theory using shifted boundary conditions in the temporal direction. In this framework, the entropy density s can be obtained in a simple way from the expectation value of the space-time components T0k of the energy-momentum tensor. At each given value of the temperature, s is measured in an independent way at several values of the lattice spacing. The extrapolation to the continuum limit shows small discretization effects with respect to the statistical errors of approximatively 0.5%.
Non-Gaussianities in the topological charge distribution of the SU(3) Yang--Mills theory
Cé, Marco; Engel, Georg P; Giusti, Leonardo
2015-01-01
We study the topological charge distribution of the SU(3) Yang--Mills theory with high precision in order to be able to detect deviations from Gaussianity. The computation is carried out on the lattice with high statistics Monte Carlo simulations by implementing a naive discretization of the topological charge evolved with the Yang--Mills gradient flow. This definition is far less demanding than the one suggested from Neuberger's fermions and, as shown in this paper, in the continuum limit its cumulants coincide with those of the universal definition appearing in the chiral Ward identities. Thanks to the range of lattice volumes and spacings considered, we can extrapolate the results for the second and fourth cumulant of the topological charge distribution to the continuum limit with confidence by keeping finite volume effects negligible with respect to the statistical errors. Our best results for the topological susceptibility is t_0^2*chi=6.67(7)*10^-4, where t_0 is a standard reference scale, while for the...
Non-perturbative renormalization of the energy-momentum tensor in SU(3) Yang-Mills theory
Giusti, Leonardo
2014-01-01
We present a strategy for a non-perturbative determination of the finite renormalization constants of the energy-momentum tensor in the SU(3) Yang-Mills theory. The computation is performed by imposing on the lattice suitable Ward Identites at finite temperature in presence of shifted boundary conditions. We show accurate preliminary numerical data for values of the bare coupling g_0^2 ranging for 0 to 1.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This paper concludes our efforts in describing SU(3)-Yang-Mills theories at different couplings/temperatures in terms of effective Polyakov-loop models. The associated effective couplings are determined through an inverse Monte Carlo procedure based on novel Schwinger-Dyson equations that employ the symmetries of the Haar measure. Because of the first-order nature of the phase transition we encounter a fine-tuning problem in reproducing the correct behavior of the Polyakov-loop from the effective models. The problem remains under control as long as the number of effective couplings is sufficiently small
Shibata, Akihiro; Kato, Seikou; Shinohara, Toru
2014-01-01
The dual superconductivity is a promising mechanism for quark confinement. We proposed the non-Abelian dual superconductivity picture for SU(3) Yang-Mills theory, and demonstrated the restricted field dominance (called conventionally "Abelian" dominance), and non-Abelian magnetic monopole dominance in the string tension. In the last conference, we have demonstrated by measuring the chromoelectric flux that the non-Abelian dual Meissner effect exists and determined that the dual superconductivity for SU(3) case is of type I, which is in sharp contrast to the SU(2) case: the border of type I and type II. In this talk, we focus on the confinement/deconfinemen phase transition and the non-Abelian dual superconductivity at finite temperature: We measure the chromoelectric flux between a pair of static quark and antiquark at finite temperature, and investigate its relevance to the phase transition and the non-Abelian dual Meissner effect.
Silva, P J
2016-01-01
The correlations between the modulus of the Polyakov loop, its phase $\\theta$ and the Landau gauge gluon propagator at finite temperature are investigated in connection with the center symmetry for pure Yang-Mills SU(3) theory. In the deconfined phase, where the center symmetry is spontaneously broken, the phase of the Polyakov loop per configuration is close to $\\theta = 0$, $\\pm \\, 2 \\pi /3$. We find that the gluon propagator form factors associated with $\\theta \\approx 0$ differs quantitatively and qualitatively from those associated to $\\theta \\approx \\pm \\, 2 \\pi /3$. This difference between the form factors is a property of the deconfined phase and a sign of the spontaneous breaking of the center symmetry. Furthermore, given that this difference vanishes in the confined phase, it can be used as an order parameter associated to the deconfinement transition. For simulations near the critical temperature $T_c$, the difference between the propagators associated to $\\theta \\approx 0$ and $\\theta \\approx \\pm ...
Classical Yang-Mills Mechanics: Instant vs. Light-cone Form
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Two different forms of relativistic dynamics, the instant and the light-cone form, for the pure SU(2) Yang-Mills field theory in 4-dimensional Minkowski space are examined under the supposition that the gauge fields depend on the time evolution parameter only. The obtained under that restriction of gauge potential space homogeneity mechanical matrix model, sometimes called Yang-Mills classical mechanics, is systematically studied in its instant and light-cone form of dynamics using the Dirac's generalized Hamiltonian approach. In the both cases the constraint content of the obtained mechanical systems is found. In contrast to its well-known instant-time counterpart the light-cone version of SU(2) Yang-Mills classical mechanics has in addition to the constraints generating the SU(2) gauge transformations the new first and second class constraints also. On account of all of these constraints a complete reduction in number of the degrees of freedom is performed. In the instant form of dynamics it is shown that after elimination of the gauge degrees of freedom from the classical SU(2) Yang-Mills mechanics the resulting unconstrained system represents the ID3 Euler-Calogero-Moser model with a certain external fourth-order potential, whereas in the light-cone form it is argued that the classical evolution of the unconstrained degrees of freedom is equivalent to a free one-dimensional particle dynamics.
Effective lattice Polyakov loop theory vs. full SU(3) Yang-Mills at finite temperature
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bergner, G. [Institut für Theoretische Physik, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt,Max-von-Laue-Str. 1, 60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Langelage, J. [Institute for Theoretical Physics, ETH Zürich,CH-8093 Zürich (Switzerland); Philipsen, O. [Institut für Theoretische Physik, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt,Max-von-Laue-Str. 1, 60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany)
2014-03-06
A three-dimensional effective theory of Polyakov loops has recently been derived from Wilson’s Yang-Mills lattice action by means of a strong coupling expansion. It is valid in the confined phase up to the deconfinement phase transition, for which it predicts the correct order and gives quantitative estimates for the critical coupling. In this work we study its predictive power for further observables like correlation functions and the equation of state. We find that the effective theory correctly reproduces qualitative features and symmetries of the full theory as the continuum is approached. Regarding quantitative predictions, we identify two classes of observables by numerical comparison as well as analytic calculations: correlation functions and their associated mass scales cannot be described accurately from a truncated effective theory, due to its inherently non-local nature involving long-range couplings. On the other hand, phase transitions and bulk thermodynamic quantities are accurately reproduced by the leading local part of the effective theory. In particular, the effective theory description is numerically superior when computing the equation of state at low temperatures or the properties of the phase transition.
Two-loop study of the deconfinement transition in Yang-Mills theories: SU(3) and beyond
Reinosa, U.; Serreau, J.; Tissier, M.; Wschebor, N.
2016-05-01
We study the confinement-deconfinement phase transition of pure Yang-Mills theories at finite temperature using a simple massive extension of standard background field methods. We generalize our recent next-to-leading-order perturbative calculation of the Polyakov loop and of the related background field effective potential for the SU(2) theory to any compact and connex Lie group with a simple Lie algebra. We discuss in detail the SU(3) theory, where the two-loop corrections yield improved values for the first-order transition temperature as compared to the one-loop result. We also show that certain one-loop artifacts of thermodynamical observables disappear at two-loop order, as was already the case for the SU(2) theory. In particular, the entropy and the pressure are positive for all temperatures. Finally, we discuss the groups SU(4) and Sp(2) which shed interesting light, respectively, on the relation between the (de)confinement of static matter sources in the various representations of the gauge group and on the use of the background field itself as an order parameter for confinement. In both cases, we obtain first-order transitions, in agreement with lattice simulations and other continuum approaches.
A two-loop study of the deconfinement transition in Yang-Mills theories: SU(3) and beyond
Reinosa, U; Tissier, M; Wschebor, N
2015-01-01
We study the confinement-deconfinement phase transition of pure Yang-Mills theories at finite temperature within a simple massive extension of standard background field methods. We generalize our recent next-to-leading-order perturbative calculation of the Polyakov loop and the related background field effective potential for the SU(2) theory to any compact and connex Lie group with a simple Lie algebra. We discuss in detail the SU(3) theory, where the two-loop corrections yield improved values for the first order transition temperature as compared to the one-loop result. We show that certain one-loop artifacts of thermodynamical observables disappear at two-loop order, as was already the case for the SU(2) theory. In particular, the entropy and the pressure are positive for all temperatures. We also discuss the groups SU(4) and Sp(2) which shed interesting light, respectively, on the relation between the (de)confinement of static matter sources in the various representations of the gauge group and on the use...
Silva, P. J.; Oliveira, O.
2016-06-01
The correlations between the modulus of the Polyakov loop, its phase θ , and the Landau gauge gluon propagator at finite temperature are investigated in connection with the center symmetry for pure Yang-Mills SU(3) theory. In the deconfined phase, where the center symmetry is spontaneously broken, the phase of the Polyakov loop per configuration is close to θ =0 , ±2 π /3 . We find that the gluon propagator form factors associated with θ ≈0 differ quantitatively and qualitatively from those associated to θ ≈±2 π /3 . This difference between the form factors is a property of the deconfined phase and a sign of the spontaneous breaking of the center symmetry. Furthermore, given that this difference vanishes in the confined phase, it can be used as an order parameter associated to the deconfinement transition. For simulations near the critical temperature Tc, the difference between the propagators associated to θ ≈0 and θ ≈±2 π /3 allows one to classify the configurations as belonging to the confined or deconfined phase. This establishes a selection procedure which has a measurable impact on the gluon form factors. Our results also show that the absence of the selection procedure can be erroneously interpreted as lattice artifacts.
Navarro-Lérida, Francisco; Tchrakian, D. H.
2015-05-01
We study spherically symmetric finite energy solutions of two Higgs-Chern-Simons-Yang-Mills-Higgs (HCS-YMH) models in 3+1 dimensions, one with gauge group SO(5) and the other with SU(3). The Chern-Simons (CS) densities are defined in terms of both the Yang-Mills (YM) and Higgs fields and the choice of the two gauge groups is made so that they do not vanish. The solutions of the SO(5) model carry only electric charge and zero magnetic charge, while the solutions of the SU(3) model are dyons carrying both electric and magnetic charges like the Julia-Zee (JZ) dyon. Unlike the latter, however, the electric charge in both models receives an important contribution from the CS dynamics. We pay special attention to the relation between the energies and charges of these solutions. In contrast with the electrically charged JZ dyon of the Yang-Mills-Higgs (YMH) system, whose mass is larger than that of the electrically neutral (magnetic monopole) solutions, the masses of the electrically charged solutions of our HCS-YMH models can be smaller than their electrically neutral counterparts in some parts of the parameter space. To establish this is the main task of this work, which is performed by constructing the HCS-YMH solutions numerically. In the case of the SU(3) HCS-YMH, we have considered the question of angular momentum and it turns out that it vanishes.
Navarro-Lerida, Francisco
2014-01-01
We study spherically symmetric finite energy solutions of two Higgs-Chern-Simons--Yang-Mills-Higgs (HCS-YMH) models in $3+1$ dimensions, one with gauge group $SO(5)$ and the other with $SU(3)$. The Chern-Simons (CS) densities are defined in terms of both the Yang-Mills (YM) and Higgs fields and the choice of the two gauge groups is made so they do not vanish. The solutions of the $SO(5)$ model carry only electric charge and zero magnetic charge, while the solutions of the $SU(3)$ model are dyons carrying both electric and magnetic charges like the Julia-Zee (JZ) dyon. Unlike the latter however, the electric charge in both models receives an important contribution from the CS dynamics. We pay special attention to the relation between the energies and charges of these solutions. In contrast with the electrically charged JZ dyon of the Yang-Mills-Higgs (YMH) system, whose mass is larger than that of the electrically neutral (magnetic monopole) solutions, the masses of the electrically charged solutions of our HC...
The Yang-Mills Mass Gap Solution
Yablon, Jay R.
2014-03-01
The Yang-Mills Mass Gap problem is solved by deriving SU(3)C Chromodynamics as a corollary theory from Yang-Mills gauge theory. The mass gap is filled from finite non-zero eigenvalues of a configuration space inverse perturbation tensor containing vacuum excitations. This results from carefully developing six equivalent views of Yang-Mills gauge theory as having: 1) non-commuting (non-Abelian) gauge fields; 2) gauge fields with non-linear self-interactions; 3) a ``steroidal'' minimal coupling; 4) perturbations; 5) curvature in the gauge space of connections; and 6) gauge fields related to source currents through an infinite recursive nesting. Based on combining classical Yang-Mills electric and magnetic source field equations into a single equation, confinement results from showing how magnetic monopoles of Yang-Mills gauge theory exhibit color confinement and meson flow and have all the color symmetries of baryons, from which we conclude that they are one and the same as baryons. Chiral symmetry breaking results from the recursive behavior of these monopoles coupled with viewing Dirac's gamma matrices as Hamiltonian quaternions extended into spacetime. Finally, with aid from the ``steroidal'' view, the recursive view of Yang-Mills enables polynomial gauge field terms in the Yang-Mills action to be stripped out and replaced by polynomial source current terms prior to path integration. This enables an exact analytical calculation of a non-linear path integral using a closed recursive kernel and yields a non-linear quantum amplitude also with a closed recursive kernel, thus proving the existence of a non-trivial relativistic quantum Yang-Mills field theory on R4 for any simple gauge group G.
Perturbative quantization of Yang-Mills theory with classical double as gauge algebra
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ruiz Ruiz, F. [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Departamento de Fisica Teorica I, Madrid (Spain)
2016-02-15
Perturbative quantization of Yang-Mills theory with a gauge algebra given by the classical double of a semisimple Lie algebra is considered. The classical double of a real Lie algebra is a nonsemisimple real Lie algebra that admits a nonpositive definite invariant metric, the indefiniteness of the metric suggesting an apparent lack of unitarity. It is shown that the theory is UV divergent at one loop and that there are no radiative corrections at higher loops. One-loop UV divergences are removed through renormalization of the coupling constant, thus introducing a renormalization scale. The terms in the classical action that would spoil unitarity are proved to be cohomologically trivial with respect to the Slavnov-Taylor operator that controls gauge invariance for the quantum theory. Hence they do not contribute gauge invariant radiative corrections to the quantum effective action and the theory is unitary. (orig.)
Parametric Instability of Classical Yang-Mills Fields in an Expanding Geometry
Tsutsui, Shoichiro; Ohnishi, Akira
2015-01-01
We investigate the instability of classical Yang-Mills field in an expanding geometry under a color magnetic background field within the linear regime. We consider homogeneous, boost-invariant and time-dependent color magnetic fields simulating the glasma configuration. We introduce the conformal coordinates which enable us to map an expanding problem approximately into a nonexpanding problem. We find that the fluctuations with finite longitudinal momenta can grow exponentially due to parametric instability. Fluctuations with finite transverse momenta can also show parametric instability, but their momenta are restricted to be small. The most unstable modes start to grow exponentially in the early stage of the dynamics and they may affect the thermalization in heavy-ion collisions.
Parametric instability of classical Yang-Mills fields in an expanding geometry
Tsutsui, Shoichiro; Kunihiro, Teiji; Ohnishi, Akira
2016-07-01
We investigate the instability of a classical Yang-Mills field in an expanding geometry under a color magnetic background field within the linear regime. We consider homogeneous, boost-invariant, and time-dependent color magnetic fields simulating the glasma configuration. We introduce the conformal coordinates which enable us to map an expanding problem approximately into a nonexpanding problem. We find that the fluctuations with finite longitudinal momenta can grow exponentially due to parametric instability. Fluctuations with finite transverse momenta can also show parametric instability, but their momenta are restricted to be small. The most unstable modes start to grow exponentially in the early stage of the dynamics, and they may affect the thermalization in heavy-ion collisions.
Parametric Instability of Classical Yang-Mills Fields under Color Magnetic Background
Tsutsui, Shoichiro; Kunihiro, Teiji; Ohnishi, Akira
2014-01-01
We investigate instabilities of classical Yang-Mills fields in a time-dependent spatially homogeneous color magnetic background field in a non-expanding geometry for elucidating the earliest stage dynamics of ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions. The background gauge field configuration considered in this article is spatially homogeneous and temporally periodic, and is alluded by Berges-Scheffler-Schlichting-Sexty (BSSS). We discuss the whole structure of instability bands of fluctuations around the BSSS background gauge field on the basis of Floquet theory, which enables us to discuss the stability in a systematic way. We find various instability bands on the $(p_z, p_T)$-plane. These instability bands are caused by parametric resonance despite the fact that the momentum dependence of the growth rate for $|\\mathbf{p}| \\leq \\sqrt{B}$ is similar to a Nielsen-Olesen instability. Moreover, some of instability bands are found to emerge not only in the low momentum but also in the high momentum region; typicall...
Shibata, Akihiro; Kato, Seikou; Shinohara, Toru
2014-01-01
The dual superconductivity is a promising mechanism for quark confinement. We have proposed the non-Abelian dual superconductivity picture for SU(3) Yang-Mills theory, and showed the restricted field dominance (called conventionally Abelian dominance), and non-Abelian magnetic monopole dominance in the string tension. We have further demonstrated by measuring the chromoelectric flux that the non-Abelian dual Meissner effect exists and determined that the dual superconductivity for SU(3) case is of type I, which is in sharp contrast to the SU(2) case: the border of type I and type II. In this talk, we focus on the confinement/deconfinement phase transition and the non-Abelian dual superconductivity at a finite temperature: We measure the Polyakov loop average and correlator and investigate the restricted field dominance in the Polyakov loop. Then, we measure the chromoelectric flux between a pair of static quark and antiquark created by a pair of Polyakov loops, and investigate the non-Abelian dual Meissner ef...
Drechsler, Wolfgang; Havas, Peter; Rosenblum, Arnold
1984-02-01
In two recent papers, the general form of the laws of motion for point particles which are multipole sources of the classical coupled Yang-Mills-Higgs fields was determined by Havas, and for the special case of monopole singularities of a Yang-Mills field an iteration procedure was developed by Drechsler and Rosenblum to obtain the equations of motion of mass points, i.e., the laws of motion including the explicit form of the fields of all interacting particles. In this paper we give a detailed derivation of the laws of motion of monopole-dipole singularities of the coupled Yang-Mills-Higgs fields for point particles with mass and spin, following a procedure first applied by Mathisson and developed by Havas. To obtain the equations of motion, a systematic approximation method is developed in the following paper for the solution of the nonlinear field equations and determination of the fields entering the laws of motion found here to any given order in the coupling constant g.
Duarte, Anthony G.; Oliveira, Orlando; Silva, Paulo J.
2016-07-01
The dependence of the Landau gauge two-point gluon and ghost correlation functions on the lattice spacing and on the physical volume are investigated for pure SU(3) Yang-Mills theory in four dimensions using lattice simulations. We present data from very large lattices up to 1284 and for two lattice spacings 0.10 fm and 0.06 fm corresponding to volumes of ˜(13 fm )4 and ˜(8 fm )4 , respectively. Our results show that, for sufficiently large physical volumes, both propagators have a mild dependence on the lattice volume. On the other hand, the gluon and ghost propagators change with the lattice spacing a in the infrared region, with the gluon propagator having a stronger dependence on a compared to the ghost propagator. In what concerns the strong coupling constant αs(p2), as defined from gluon and ghost two-point functions, the simulations show a sizeable dependence on the lattice spacing for the infrared region and for momenta up to ˜1 GeV .
Duarte, Anthony G; Silva, Paulo J
2016-01-01
The dependence of the Landau gauge two point gluon and ghost correlation functions on the lattice spacing and on the physical volume are investigated for pure SU(3) Yang-Mills theory in four dimensions using lattice simulations. We present data from very large lattices up to $128^4$ and for two lattice spacings $0.10$ fm and $0.06$ fm corresponding to volumes of $\\sim$ (13 fm)$^4$ and $\\sim$ (8 fm)$^4$, respectively. Our results show that, for sufficiently large physical volumes, both propagators have a mild dependence on the lattice volume. On the other hand, the gluon and ghost propagators change with the lattice spacing $a$ in the infrared region, with the gluon propagator having a stronger dependence on $a$ compared to the ghost propagator. In what concerns the strong coupling constant $\\alpha_s (p^2)$, as defined from gluon and ghost two point functions, the simulations show a sizeable dependence on the lattice spacing for the infrared region and for momenta up to $\\sim 1$ GeV.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Trunev A. P.
2015-10-01
Full Text Available The article presents a project of the capacitor in the Yang-Mills theory. Model capacitor represents the equipotential surfaces separated by a space. To describe the mechanism of condensation chromodynamics field used numerical models developed based on an average of the Yang-Mills theory. In the present study, we used eight-scalar component model that in the linear case is divided into two groups containing three or five fields respectively. In contrast to classical electrodynamics, a static model of the Yang-Mills is not divided into independent equations because of the nonlinearity of the model itself. However, in the case of a linear theory separation is possible. It is shown that in this particular case, the Yang-Mills theory is reduced to Poisson theory, which describes the electrostatic and magnetostatic phenomena. In the present work it is shown that in a certain region of the parameters of the capacitor of the Yang-Mills theory on the functional properties of the charge accumulation and retention of the field is similar to the capacitor of the electrostatic field or a magnet in magnetostatics. This means that in nature there are two types of charges, which are sources of macroscopic Yang-Mills field, which are similar to the properties of electric and magnetic charges in the Poisson theory. It is shown that in Yang-Mills only one type of charge may be associated with the distribution density of the substance, while another type of charge depends on the charge distribution of the first type. This allows us to provide an explanation for the lack of symmetry between electric and magnetic charges
On Landau gauge Yang-Mills correlation functions
Cyrol, Anton K; Mitter, Mario; Pawlowski, Jan M; Strodthoff, Nils
2016-01-01
We investigate Landau gauge $SU(3)$ Yang-Mills theory in a systematic vertex expansion scheme for the effective action with the functional renormalisation group. Particular focus is put on the dynamical creation of the gluon mass gap at non-perturbative momenta and the consistent treatment of quadratic divergences. The non-perturbative ghost and transverse gluon propagators as well as the momentum-dependent ghost-gluon, three-gluon and four-gluon vertices are calculated self-consistently with the classical action as only input. The apparent convergence of the expansion scheme is discussed and within the errors, our numerical results are in quantitative agreement with available lattice results.
Lin, C -J David; Ramos, Alberto
2015-01-01
We perform the step-scaling investigation of the running coupling constant, using the gradient-flow scheme, in SU(3) gauge theory with twelve massless fermions in the fundamental representation. The Wilson plaquette gauge action and massless unimproved staggered fermions are used in the simulations. Our lattice data are prepared at high accuracy, such that the statistical error for the renormalised coupling, g_GF, is at the subpercentage level. To investigate the reliability of the continuum extrapolation, we employ two different lattice discretisations to obtain g_GF. For our simulation setting, the corresponding gauge-field averaging radius in the gradient flow has to be almost half of the lattice size, in order to have this extrapolation under control. We can determine the renormalisation group evolution of the coupling up to g^2_GF ~ 6, before the onset of the bulk phase structure. In this infrared regime, the running of the coupling is significantly slower than the two-loop perturbative prediction, altho...
Lin, C.-J. David; Ogawa, Kenji; Ramos, Alberto
2015-12-01
We perform the step-scaling investigation of the running coupling constant, using the gradient-flow scheme, in SU(3) gauge theory with twelve massless fermions in the fundamental representation. The Wilson plaquette gauge action and massless unimproved staggered fermions are used in the simulations. Our lattice data are prepared at high accuracy, such that the statistical error for the renormalised coupling, g GF , is at the subpercentage level. To investigate the reliability of the continuum extrapolation, we employ two different lattice discretisations to obtain g GF . For our simulation setting, the corresponding gauge-field averaging radius in the gradient flow has to be almost half of the lattice size, in order to have this extrapolation under control. We can determine the renormalisation group evolution of the coupling up to g GF 2 ˜ 6, before the onset of the bulk phase structure. In this infrared regime, the running of the coupling is significantly slower than the two-loop perturbative prediction, although we cannot draw definite conclusion regarding possible infrared conformality of this theory. Furthermore, we comment on the issue regarding the continuum extrapolation near an infrared fixed point. In addition to adopting the fit ansätz a' la Symanzik for performing this task, we discuss a possible alternative procedure inspired by properties derived from low-energy scale invariance at strong coupling. Based on this procedure, we propose a finite-size scaling method for the renormalised coupling as a means to search for infrared fixed point. Using this method, it can be shown that the behaviour of the theory around g GF 2 ˜ 6 is still not governed by possible infrared conformality.
SIMULATION OF NONLINEAR COLOR OSCILLATIONS IN YANG-MILLS THEORY
Trunev A. P.
2015-01-01
The article presents the simulation of non-linear spatial-temporal color oscillations in Yang-Mills theory in the case of SU (2) and SU (3) symmetry. We examined three systems of equations derived from the Yang-Mills theory, which describes the transition to chaotic behaviour. These transitions are caused by nonlinear vibrations of colour, depending on the model parameters - the coupling constants and the initial wave amplitude. Such transitions to chaotic behaviour by increasing the paramete...
A model of unified quantum chromodynamics and Yang-Mills gravity
Hsu, Jong-Ping
2011-01-01
Based on a generalized Yang-Mills framework, gravitational and strong interactions can be unified in analogy with the unification in the electroweak theory. By gauging $T(4) \\times [SU(3)]_{color} $ in flat space-time, we have a unified model of chromo-gravity with a new tensor gauge field, which couples universally to all gluons, quarks and anti-quarks. The space-time translational gauge symmetry assures that all wave equations of quarks and gluons reduce to a Hamilton-Jacobi equation with the same `effective Riemann metric tensors' in the geometric-optics (or classical) limit. The emergence of effective metric tensors in the classical limit is essential for the unified model to agree with experiments. The unified model suggests that all gravitational, strong and electroweak interactions appear to be dictated by gauge symmetries in the generalized Yang-Mills framework.
A model of unified quantum chromodynamics and Yang-Mills gravity
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
HSU Jong-Ping
2012-01-01
Based on a generalized Yang-Mills framework,gravitational and strong interactions can be unified in analogy with the unification in the clectroweak theory.By gauging T(4) × [SU(3)]color in fiat space-time,we have a unified model of chromo-gravity with a new tensor gauge field,which couples universally to all gluons,quarks and anti-quarks.The space-time translational gauge symmetry assures that all wave equations of quarks and gluons reduce to a Hamilton-Jacobi equation with the same ‘effective Riemann metric tensors' in the geometric-optics (or classical) limit.The emergence of effective metric tensors in the classical limit is essential for the unified model to agree with experiments.The unified model suggests that all gravitational,strong and electroweak interactions appear to be dictated by gauge symmetries in the generalized Yang-Mills framework.
Nonperturbative Results for Yang-Mills Theories
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sannino, Francesco; Schechter, Joseph
2010-01-01
Some non perturbative aspects of the pure SU(3) Yang-Mills theory are investigated assuming a specific form of the beta function, based on a recent modification by Ryttov and Sannino of the known one for supersymmetric gauge theories. The characteristic feature is a pole at a particular value...... of the coupling constant, g. First it is noted, using dimensional analysis, that physical quantities behave smoothly as one travels from one side of the pole to the other. Then it is argued that the form of the integrated beta function g(μ), where μ is the mass scale, determines the mass gap of the theory....... Assuming the usual QCD value one finds it to be 1.67 GeV, which is in surprisingly good agreement with a quenched lattice calculation. A similar calculation is made for the supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory where the corresponding beta function is considered to be exact....
Drechsler, Wolfgang; Havas, Peter; Rosenblum, Arnold
1984-02-01
In the preceding paper, the laws of motion were established for classical particles with spin which are monopole-dipole singularities of Yang-Mills-Higgs fields. In this paper, a systematic approximation scheme is developed for solving the coupled nonlinear field equations in any order and for determining the corresponding equations of motion. In zeroth order the potentials are taken as the usual Liénard-Wiechert and Bhabha-Harish-Chandra potentials (generalized to isospace); in this order the solutions are necessarily Abelian, since the isovector describing the charge is constant. The regularization necessary to obtain expressions finite on the world lines of the particles is achieved by the method of Riesz potentials. All fields are taken as retarded and are expressed in integral form. Omitting dipole interactions, the integrals for the various terms are carried out as far as possible for general motions, including radiation-reaction terms. In first order, the charge isovectors are no longer necessarily constant; thus the solutions are not necessarily Abelian, and it is possible for charge to be radiated away. The cases of time-symmetric field theory and of an action-at-a-distance formulation of the theory are discussed in an appendix.
Marateck, Samuel
2011-01-01
In their 1954 paper, Yang and Mills invented the non-Abelian field strength to satisfy certain criteria but didn't explain how it could be derived. In the penultimate section we show how the Yang-Mills field strength derives from Yang's gauge transformation. The preceding sections place Yang-Mills theory in historical perspective and cover material relating to the field strength. The final section shows how Yang-Mills theory was combined with spontaneous symmetry breaking, the Goldstone theorem and subsequent work to contribute to the Standard Model of particle physics.
Gauss' law and nonlinear plane waves for Yang-Mills theory
Tsapalis, A.; Politis, E. P.; Maintas, X. N.; Diakonos, F. K.
2016-04-01
We investigate nonlinear plane-wave solutions of the classical Minkowskian Yang-Mills (YM) equations of motion. By imposing a suitable ansatz which solves Gauss' law for the SU(3) theory, we derive solutions which consist of Jacobi elliptic functions depending on an enumerable set of elliptic modulus values. The solutions represent periodic anharmonic plane waves which possess arbitrary nonzero mass and are exact extrema of the nonlinear YM action. Among them, a unique harmonic plane wave with a nontrivial pattern in phase, spin, and color is identified. Similar solutions are present in the SU(4) case, while they are absent from the SU(2) theory.
Einstein-Yang-Mills from pure Yang-Mills amplitudes
Nandan, Dhritiman; Schlotterer, Oliver; Wen, Congkao
2016-01-01
We present new relations for scattering amplitudes of color ordered gluons and gravitons in Einstein-Yang-Mills theory. Tree-level amplitudes of arbitrary multiplicities and polarizations involving up to three gravitons and up to two color traces are reduced to partial amplitudes of pure Yang-Mills theory. In fact, the double-trace identities apply to Einstein-Yang-Mills extended by a dilaton and a B-field. Our results generalize recent work of Stieberger and Taylor for the single graviton case with a single color trace. As the derivation is made in the dimension-agnostic Cachazo-He-Yuan formalism, our results are valid for external bosons in any number of spacetime dimensions. Moreover, they generalize to the superamplitudes in theories with 16 supercharges.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Trunev A. P.
2015-09-01
Full Text Available The article presents a project of the Yang-Mills amplifier. Amplifier model is a multilayer spherical shell with increasing density towards the center. In the center of the amplifier is the core of high-density material. It is shown that in such a system, the amplitude of the Yang-Mills waves rises from the periphery to the center of several orders of magnitude. The role of the Yang-Mills field in the processes occurring in the nuclei of galaxies, stars and planets is discussed. The data modeling to strengthen the Yang-Mills field in the bowels of the planet, with an atomic explosion, and in some special devices such as the voltaic pile. To describe the mechanism of amplification chromodynamics field used as accurate results in Yang-Mills theory and numerical models developed based on an average and the exact equations as well. Among the exact solutions of the special role played by the centralsymmetric metric describing the contribution of the Yang-Mills field in the speed of recession of galaxies. Among the approximate numerical models can be noted the eight-scalar model we have developed for the simulation of non-linear color oscillations and chaos in the Yang-Mills theory. Earlier models were investigated spatio-temporal oscillations of the YangMills theory in the case of three and eight colors. The results of numerical simulation show that the nonlinear interaction does not lead to a spatial mixing of colors as it might be in the case of turbulent diffusion. Depending on the system parameters there is a suppression of the amplitude of the oscillations the first three by five colors or vice versa. The kinetic energy fluctuations or shared equally between the color components, or dominated by the kinetic energy of repressed groups of colors. In the present study, we found that amplification chromodynamic field leads to a sharp increase in the amplitude of the suppressed color, which can lead to an increase in entropy, excitation of nuclear
SIMULATION OF NONLINEAR COLOR OSCILLATIONS IN YANG-MILLS THEORY
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Trunev A. P.
2015-06-01
Full Text Available The article presents the simulation of non-linear spatial-temporal color oscillations in Yang-Mills theory in the case of SU (2 and SU (3 symmetry. We examined three systems of equations derived from the Yang-Mills theory, which describes the transition to chaotic behaviour. These transitions are caused by nonlinear vibrations of colour, depending on the model parameters - the coupling constants and the initial wave amplitude. Such transitions to chaotic behaviour by increasing the parameters are characteristic of hydrodynamic turbulence. A model of spatial-temporal oscillations of the Yang-Mills theory in the case of three and eight colors. The results of numerical simulation show that the nonlinear interaction does not lead to a spatial mixing of colors as it might be in the case of turbulent diffusion. Depending on the system parameters there is a suppression of the amplitude of the oscillations the first three of five colors or vice versa - the first three five other colors. The kinetic energy fluctuations or shared equally between the color components, or dominated by the kinetic energy of repressed groups of colors. Note that the general property of physical systems described by nonlinear equations in the Yang-Mills theory and hydrodynamics is particularly strong in the formation of quark-gluon plasma and hadrons jets, when the Yang-Mills is involved in the formation of hydrodynamic flow. Note that there is a relationship between the Einstein and Yang-Mills theory, on the one hand, Einstein's equations and hydrodynamics - on the other. All of this points to the existence in the nature of a general mechanism of formation of a special type of turbulence - geometric turbulence
Landau gauge Yang-Mills correlation functions
Cyrol, Anton K.; Fister, Leonard; Mitter, Mario; Pawlowski, Jan M.; Strodthoff, Nils
2016-09-01
We investigate Landau gauge S U (3 ) Yang-Mills theory in a systematic vertex expansion scheme for the effective action with the functional renormalization group. Particular focus is put on the dynamical creation of the gluon mass gap at nonperturbative momenta and the consistent treatment of quadratic divergences. The nonperturbative ghost and transverse gluon propagators as well as the momentum-dependent ghost-gluon, three-gluon and four-gluon vertices are calculated self-consistently with the classical action as the only input. The apparent convergence of the expansion scheme is discussed and within the errors, our numerical results are in quantitative agreement with available lattice results.
Effective gluon potential and Yang-Mills thermodynamics
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sasaki, Chihiro [Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies (FIAS), Ruth-Moufang-Str. 1, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Redlich, Krzysztof [Institute of Theoretical Physics, University of Wroclaw, PL-50204 Wroclaw (Poland)
2013-07-01
We show that the Polyakov-loop potential can be derived, using a field theoretical methods, directly from the SU(3) Yang-Mills theory. A class of the Polyakov-loop effective potentials used so far in literature appears as limiting cases of our potential. We deduce the correspondence of U(L) to the strong-coupling expansion, of which the relevant coefficients of the gluon energy distribution are specified solely by characters of the SU(3) group. At high temperatures the derived gluon potential exhibits the correct asymptotic behavior, whereas at low temperatures, it disfavors gluons as appropriate dynamical degrees of freedom. To quantify the Yang-Mills thermodynamics in a confined phase, we propose a hybrid approach which matches the effective gluon potential to the one of glueballs constrained by the QCD trace anomaly in the context of dilaton fields.
Polyakov Loop and Gluon Quasiparticles in Yang-Mills Thermodynamics
Ruggieri, M.; Alba, P.; P. Castorina(INFN Sezione di Catania and Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universita' di Catania, Italy); Plumari, S.; Ratti, C.; Greco, V.
2012-01-01
We study the interpretation of Lattice data about the thermodynamics of the deconfinement phase of SU(3) Yang-Mills theory, in terms of gluon quasiparticles propagating in a background of a Polyakov loop. A potential for the Polyakov loop, inspired by the strong coupling expansion of the QCD action, is introduced; the Polyakov loop is coupled to tranverse gluon quasiparticles by means of a gas-like effective potential. This study is useful to identify the effective degrees of freedom propagat...
SU(2) Yang-Mills Theory: Waves, Particles, and Quantum Thermodynamics
Hofmann, Ralf
2016-01-01
We elucidate how Quantum Thermodynamics at temperature $T$ emerges from pure and classical SU(2) Yang-Mills theory on a four-dimensional Euclidean spacetime slice $S_1\\times {\\bf R}^3$. The concept of a (deconfining) thermal ground state, composed of certain solutions to the fundamental, classical Yang-Mills equation, allows for a unified addressation of both (classical) wave- and (quantum) particle-like excitations thereof.
Gauss' Law and Non-Linear Plane Waves for Yang-Mills Theory
Tsapalis, A; Maintas, X N; Diakonos, F K
2016-01-01
We investigate Non-Linear Plane-Wave solutions of the classical Minkowskian Yang-Mills (YM) equations of motion. By imposing a suitable ansatz which solves Gauss' law for the $SU(3)$ theory, we derive solutions which consist of Jacobi elliptic functions depending on an enumerable set of elliptic modulus values. The solutions represent periodic anharmonic plane waves which possess arbitrary non-zero mass and are exact extrema of the non-linear YM action. Among them, a unique harmonic plane wave with a non-trivial pattern in phase, spin and color is identified. Similar solutions are present in the $SU(4)$ case while are absent from the $SU(2)$ theory.
Form Invariance, Topological Fluctuations and Mass Gap of Yang-Mills Theory
Qian, Yachao
2016-01-01
In order to have a new perspective on the long-standing problem of the mass gap in Yang-Mills theory, we study the quantum Yang-Mills theory in the presence of topologically nontrivial backgrounds in this paper. The topologically stable gauge fields are constrained by the form invariance condition and the topological properties. Obeying these constraints, the known classical solutions to the Yang-Mills equation in the 3- and 4-dimensional Euclidean spaces are recovered, and the other allowed configurations form the nontrivial topological fluctuations at quantum level. Together, they constitute the background configurations, upon which the quantum Yang-Mills theory can be constructed. We demonstrate that the theory mimics the Higgs mechanism in a certain limit and develops a mass gap at semi-classical level on a flat space with finite size or on a sphere.
Implementation of chromomagnetic gluons in Yang-Mills thermodynamics
Sasaki, Chihiro; Redlich, Krzysztof
2013-01-01
Motivated by the recent high-precision lattice data on Yang-Mills equations of state, we propose an effective theory of SU(3) gluonic matter. The theory is constructed based on the center and scale symmetries and their dynamical breaking, so that the interplay between color-electric and color-magnetic gluons is included coherently. We suggest, that the magnetic gluon condensate changes its thermal behavior qualitatively above the critical temperature, as a consequence of the matching to dimensionally-reduced magnetic theories. We consider thermodynamics in the mean field approximation and discuss the properties and interpretation of the trace anomaly.
Yang-Mills origin of gravitational symmetries
Anastasiou, A; Duff, M J; Hughes, L J; Nagy, S
2014-01-01
By regarding gravity as the convolution of left and right Yang-Mills theories, we derive in linearised approximation the gravitational symmetries of general covariance, p-form gauge invariance, local Lorentz invariance and local supersymmetry from the flat space Yang-Mills symmetries of local gauge invariance and global super-Poincar\\'e. As a concrete example we focus on the new-minimal (12+12) off-shell version of simple four-dimensional supergravity obtained by tensoring the off-shell Yang-Mills multiplets (4 + 4, N_L = 1) and (3 + 0, N_R = 0).
Glueball Spectra from a Matrix Model of Pure Yang-Mills Theory
Acharyya, Nirmalendu; Sanyal, Sambuddha; Vaidya, Sachindeo
2016-01-01
We present the numerical results of a simple matrix model that approximates $SU(N)$ pure Yang-Mills theory. The low-lying physical spectrum of the Hamiltonian is estimated by variational techniques of $SU(2)$ and $SU(3)$. In both these cases, we find an excellent agreement with lattice simulations. However, in the matrix model, the computation is much simpler and faster.
Holography and Noncommutative Yang-Mills
Li, Maozhen; Li, Miao; Wu, Yong-Shi
2000-01-01
In this note a lately proposed gravity dual of noncommutative Yang-Mills theory is derived from the relations, recently suggested by Seiberg and Witten, between closed string moduli and open string moduli. The only new input one needs is a simple form of the running string tension as a function of energy. This derivation provides convincing evidence that string theory integrates with the holographical principle, and demonstrates a direct link between noncommutative Yang-Mills theory and holography.
HYM-flation: Yang-Mills cosmology with Horndeski coupling
Davydov, E
2016-01-01
We propose new mechanism for inflation using classical SU(2) Yang-Mills (YM) homogeneous and isotropic field non-minimally coupled to gravity via Horndeski prescription. This is the unique generally and gauge covariant ghost-free YM theory with the curvature-dependent action leading to second-order gravity and Yang-Mills field equations. We show that its solution space contains de Sitter boundary to which the trajectories are attracted for some finite time, ensuring the robust inflation with a graceful exit. The theory can be generalized to include the Higgs field leading to two-steps inflationary scenario, in which the Planck-scale YM-generated inflation naturally prepares the desired initial conditions for the GUT-scale Higgs inflation.
HYM-flation: Yang-Mills cosmology with Horndeski coupling
Davydov, E.; Gal'tsov, D.
2016-02-01
We propose new mechanism for inflation using classical SU (2) Yang-Mills (YM) homogeneous and isotropic field non-minimally coupled to gravity via Horndeski prescription. This is the unique generally and gauge covariant ghost-free YM theory with the curvature-dependent action leading to second-order gravity and Yang-Mills field equations. We show that its solution space contains de Sitter boundary to which the trajectories are attracted for some finite time, ensuring the robust inflation with a graceful exit. The theory can be generalized to include the Higgs field leading to two-steps inflationary scenario, in which the Planck-scale YM-generated inflation naturally prepares the desired initial conditions for the GUT-scale Higgs inflation.
Fiber spaces, connections and Yang-Mills fields
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
From the point of view of a differential geometer, Yang-Mills Fields are connections on principal fiber bundles whose curvature satisfies certain first-order differential equations. These lectures notes assume a knowledge of the formalism of calculus on manifolds, i.e., the theory of differential forms and vector fields, and are based on the theory of connections in fiber spaces, developed primarily by E. Cartan and C. Ehresmann in the period 1920-1955. To make the material more readily accessible to someone familiar with classical physics, the emphasis will be on Maxwell electromagnetic theory, considered as a Yang-Mills with an abelian structure group. Some of the material is from Interdisciplinary Mathematics, some is new. (orig.)
Introduction to instantons in Yang-Mills theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The Yang-Mills theory is outlined; the classical formalism is discussed first, and then the difficulties related to gauge invariance in the canonical quantization of the theory are taken up. Next, the task of finding and studying Euclidean gauge field configurations of finite action as solutions to the equation of motion is addressed. It is found that configurations which contribute the most in the semi-classical approximation are those which minimize the action. The question of a lower bound for the Euclidean action is considered. Properties of topological charge and the behavior of topological charge under gauge transformation are discussed. Then instanton solutions to the field equations are produced. Finally, the physical interpretation of the instanton is considered. It is found that the instanton, the Euclidean gauge field configuration which minimizes the action, induces tunneling among the infinitely degenerate vacua of the Yang-Mills theory by lifting the degeneracy and creating new distinct inequivalent (invariant under topologically nontrivial gauge transformations) vacua labelled by a superselection index theta. The angle theta is shown not to be a gauge artifact. In conclusion, the tunneling Hamiltonian and effective Lagrangian for the Yang-Mills theory are discussed
Hagedorn spectrum and equation of state of Yang-Mills theories
Caselle, Michele; Panero, Marco
2015-01-01
We present a novel lattice calculation of the equation of state of SU(2) Yang-Mills theory in the confining phase. We show that a gas of massive, non-interacting glueballs describes remarkably well the results, provided that a bosonic closed-string model is used to derive an exponentially growing Hagedorn spectrum for the heavy glueball states with no free parameters. This effective model can be applied to SU(3) Yang-Mills theory and the theoretical prediction agrees nicely with the lattice results reported by Bors\\'anyi et al. in JHEP 07 (2012) 056.
Deconfinement in Yang-Mills Theory through Toroidal Compactification
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Simic, Dusan; Unsal, Mithat; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC
2011-08-12
We introduce field theory techniques through which the deconfinement transition of four-dimensional Yang-Mills theory can be moved to a semi-classical domain where it becomes calculable using two-dimensional field theory. We achieve this through a double-trace deformation of toroidally compactified Yang-Mills theory on R{sup 2} x S{sub L}{sup 1} x S{sub {beta}}{sup 1}. At large N, fixed-L, and arbitrary {beta}, the thermodynamics of the deformed theory is equivalent to that of ordinary Yang-Mills theory at leading order in the large N expansion. At fixed-N, small L and a range of {beta}, the deformed theory maps to a two-dimensional theory with electric and magnetic (order and disorder) perturbations, analogs of which appear in planar spin-systems and statistical physics. We show that in this regime the deconfinement transition is driven by the competition between electric and magnetic perturbations in this two-dimensional theory. This appears to support the scenario proposed by Liao and Shuryak regarding the magnetic component of the quark-gluon plasma at RHIC.
Entropy Production and Equilibration in Yang-Mills Quantum Mechanics
Tsai, Hung-Ming
Entropy production in relativistic heavy-ion collisions is an important physical quantity for studying the equilibration and thermalization of hot matters of quantum chromodynamics (QCD). To formulate a nontrivial definition of entropy for an isolated quantum system, a certain kind of coarse graining may be applied so that the entropy for this isolated quantum system depends on time explicitly. The Husimi distribution, which is a coarse grained distribution in the phase space, is a suitable candidate for this approach. We proposed a general and systematic method of solving the equation of motion of the Husimi distribution for an isolated quantum system. The Husimi distribution is positive (semi-)definite all over the phase space. In this method, we assume the Husimi distribution is composed of a large number of Gaussian test functions. The equation of motion of the Husimi distribution, formulated as a partial differential equation, can be transformed into a system of ordinary differential equations for the centers and the widths of these Gaussian test functions. We numerically solve the system of ordinary differential equations for the centers and the widths of these test functions to obtain the Husimi distribution as a function of time. To ensure the numerical solutions of the trajectories of the test particles preserve physical conservation laws, we obtain a constant of motion for the quantum system. We constructed a coarse grained Hamiltonian whose expectation value is exactly conserved. The conservation of the coarse grained energy confirms the validity of this method. Moreover, we calculated the time evolution of the coarse grained entropy for a model system (Yang-Mills quantum mechanics). Yang-Mills quantum mechanics is a quantum system whose classical correspondence possesses chaotic behaviors. The numerical results revealed that the coarse grained entropy for Yang-Mills quantum mechanics saturates to a value that coincides with the microcanonical entropy
Confinement--deconfinement phase transition and gauge-invariant gluonic mass in Yang-Mills theory
Kondo, Kei-Ichi
2015-01-01
We give an analytical derivation of the confinement/deconfinement phase transition at finite temperature in the $SU(N)$ Yang-Mills theory in the $D$-dimensional space time for $D>2$. We elucidate what is the mechanism for quark confinement and deconfinement at finite temperature and why the phase transition occurs at a certain temperature. For this purpose, we use a novel reformulation of the Yang-Mills theory which allows the gauge-invariant gluonic mass term and calculate analytically the effective potential of the Polyakov loop average concretely for the $SU(2)$ and $SU(3)$ Yang-Mills theories by including the gauge-invariant dynamical gluonic mass. For $D=4$, we give an estimate on the transition temperature $T_d$ as the ratio to the gauge-invariant gluonic mass $M$ which has been measured on the lattice at zero temperature and is measurable also at finite temperature. We show that the order of the phase transition at $T_d$ is the second order for $SU(2)$ and (weakly) first order for $SU(3)$ Yang-Mills th...
Einstein-Yang-Mills-Lorentz Black Holes
Cembranos, Jose A R
2015-01-01
Different black hole solutions of the coupled Einstein-Yang-Mills equations are well known from long time. They have attracted much attention from mathematicians and physicists from their discovery. In this work, we analyze black holes associated with the gauge Lorentz group. In particular, we study solutions which identify the gauge connection with the spin connection. This ansatz allows to find exact solutions to the complete system of equations. By using this procedure, we show the equivalence between the Yang-Mills-Lorentz model in curved space-time and a particular set of extended gravitational theories.
QUANTUM GRAVITY AND YANG-MILLS THEORY
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Trunev A. P.
2014-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we consider Einstein's theory of gravitation in connection with Yang-Mills theory. The model of the metric satisfying the basic requirements of quantum theory is proposed. The mechanism of generation of baryonic matter of dark energy is discussed
Topological susceptibility in lattice Yang-Mills theory with open boundary condition
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chowdhury, Abhishek; Harindranath, A. [Theory Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics,1/AF Bidhan Nagar, Kolkata 700064 (India); Maiti, Jyotirmoy [Department of Physics, Barasat Government College,10 KNC Road, Barasat, Kolkata 700124 (India); Majumdar, Pushan [Department of Theoretical Physics, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science,Kolkata 700032 (India)
2014-02-11
We find that using open boundary condition in the temporal direction can yield the expected value of the topological susceptibility in lattice SU(3) Yang-Mills theory. As a further check, we show that the result agrees with numerical simulations employing the periodic boundary condition. Our results support the preferability of the open boundary condition over the periodic boundary condition as the former allows for computation at smaller lattice spacings needed for continuum extrapolation at a lower computational cost.
Analytic Representations of Yang-Mills Amplitudes
Bjerrum-Bohr, N E J; Damgaard, Poul H; Feng, Bo
2016-01-01
Scattering amplitudes in Yang-Mills theory can be represented in the formalism of Cachazo, He and Yuan (CHY) as integrals over an auxiliary projective space---fully localized on the support of the scattering equations. Because solving the scattering equations is difficult and summing over the solutions algebraically complex, a method of directly integrating the terms that appear in this representation has long been sought. We solve this important open problem by first rewriting the terms in a manifestly Mobius-invariant form and then using monodromy relations (inspired by analogy to string theory) to decompose terms into those for which combinatorial rules of integration are known. The result is a systematic procedure to obtain analytic, covariant forms of Yang-Mills tree-amplitudes for any number of external legs and in any number of dimensions. As examples, we provide compact analytic expressions for amplitudes involving up to six gluons of arbitrary helicities.
Higher derivative super Yang-Mills theories
Bergshoeff, E.; Rakowski, M.; Sezgin, E.
1987-01-01
The most general higher derivative Yang-Mills actions of the type (F^2 + Î±^2F^4) which are globally supersymmetric up to order Î±^2 in six- and ten-dimensional spacetimes are given. The F^4-terms turn out to occur in the combination Î±^2[tr F^4 - Â¼(tr F^2)^2], where the trace is over the Lorentz i
The Convergence of Yang-Mills Integrals
Austing, P; Austing, Peter; Wheater, John F.
2001-01-01
We prove that SU(N) bosonic Yang-Mills matrix integrals are convergent for dimension (number of matrices) $D\\ge D_c$. It is already known that $D_c=5$ for N=2; we prove that $D_c=4$ for N=3 and that $D_c=3$ for $N\\ge 4$. These results are consistent with the numerical evaluations of the integrals by Krauth and Staudacher.
Superstring limit of Yang-Mills theories
Lechtenfeld, Olaf
2016-01-01
It was pointed out by Shifman and Yung that the critical superstring on $X^{10}={\\mathbb R}^4\\times Y^6$, where $Y^6$ is the resolved conifold, appears as an effective theory for a U(2) Yang-Mills-Higgs system with four fundamental Higgs scalars defined on $\\Sigma_2\\times{\\mathbb R}^2$, where $\\Sigma_2$ is a two-dimensional Lorentzian manifold. Their Yang-Mills model supports semilocal vortices on ${\\mathbb R}^2\\subset\\Sigma_2\\times{\\mathbb R}^2$ with a moduli space $X^{10}$. When the moduli of slowly moving thin vortices depend on the coordinates of $\\Sigma_2$, the vortex strings can be identified with critical fundamental strings. We show that similar results can be obtained for the low-energy limit of pure Yang-Mills theory on $\\Sigma_2\\times T^2_p$, where $T^2_p$ is a two-dimensional torus with a puncture $p$. The solitonic vortices of Shifman and Yung then get replaced by flat connections. Various ten-dimensional superstring target spaces can be obtained as moduli spaces of flat connections on $T^2_p$, d...
Twin Supergravities from Yang-Mills Squared
Anastasiou, A; Duff, M J; Hughes, M J; Marrani, A; Nagy, S; Zoccali, M
2016-01-01
We consider `twin supergravities' - pairs of supergravities with $\\mathcal{N}_+$ and $\\mathcal{N}_-$ supersymmetries, $\\mathcal{N}_+>\\mathcal{N}_-$, with identical bosonic sectors - in the context of tensoring super Yang-Mills multiplets. It is demonstrated that the pairs of twin supergravity theories are related through their left and right super Yang-Mills factors. This procedure generates new theories from old. In particular, the matter coupled $\\mathcal{N}_-$ twins in $D=3,5,6$ and the $\\mathcal{N}_-=1$ twins in $D=4$ have not, as far as we are aware, been obtained previously using the double-copy construction, adding to the growing list of double-copy constructible theories. The use of fundamental matter multiplets in the double-copy construction leads us to introduce a bi-fundamental scalar that couples to the well-known bi-adjoint scalar field. It is also shown that certain matter coupled supergravities admit more than one factorisation into left and right super Yang-Mills-matter theories.
The exact decomposition of gauge variables in lattice Yang-Mills theory
Shibata, Akihiro; Kondo, Kei-Ichi; Shinohara, Toru
2010-07-01
In this Letter, we consider lattice versions of the decomposition of the Yang-Mills field a la Cho-Faddeev-Niemi, which was extended by Kondo, Shinohara and Murakami in the continuum formulation. For the SU (N) gauge group, we propose a set of defining equations for specifying the decomposition of the gauge link variable and solve them exactly without using the ansatz adopted in the previous studies for SU (2) and SU (3). As a result, we obtain the general form of the decomposition for SU (N) gauge link variables and confirm the previous results obtained for SU (2) and SU (3).
Dynamical Breaking of Generalized Yang-Mills Theory
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANGDian-Fu; SONGHe-Shan
2004-01-01
The dynamical breaking of a generalized Yang-Mills theory is discussed. It is shown, in terms of the Nambu Jona-Lasinio mechanism, that the gauge symmetry breaking can be realized dynamically in the generalized Yang-Mills theory. The combination of the generalized Yang-Mills theory and the NJL mechanism provides a way to overcome the difficulties related to the Higgs field and the Higgs mechanism in the usual spontaneous symmetry breaking theory.
Dynamical Breaking of Generalized Yang-Mills Theory
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG Dian-Fu; SONG He-Shah
2004-01-01
The dynamical breaking of a generalized Yang-Mills theory is discussed. It is shown, in terms of the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio mechanism, that the gauge symmetry breaking can be realized dynamically in the generalized Yang-Mills theory. The combination of the generalized Yang-Mills theory and the NJL mechanism provides a way to overcome the difficulties related to the Higgs field and the Higgs mechanism in the usual spontaneous symmetry breaking theory.
HEAT FLOW FOR YANG-MILLS-HIGGS FIELDS, PART I
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2000-01-01
The Yang-Mills-Higgs field generalizes the Yang-Mills field. The authors establish the local existence and uniqueness of the weak solution to the heat flow for the Yang-Mills-Higgs field in a vector bundle over a compact Riemannian 4-manifold, and show that the weak solution is gauge-equivalent to a smooth solution and there are at most finite singularities at the maximum existing time.
Universal aspects in the equation of state for Yang-Mills theories
Nada, Alessandro
2015-01-01
We present high-precision lattice calculations of the thermodynamics of Yang-Mills theories with different gauge groups. In the confining phase, we show that the equation of state is described remarkably well by a gas of massive, non-interacting glueballs, provided that an effective bosonic closed-string model is used to derive an exponentially growing Hagedorn spectrum for the heavy states. In particular, this model describes very accurately the results for the SU(3) theory reported by Bors\\'anyi et al. in JHEP 07 (2012) 056, as well as a novel set of lattice data for the SU(2) theory. In addition, we also also show that the equation of state in the deconfined phase exhibits a near perfect proportionality to the number of gluon degrees of freedom, including for the Yang-Mills theory based on the exceptional, center-less gauge group $G_2$.
Dark Matter from a Classically Scale-Invariant $SU(3)_X$
Karam, Alexandros; Tamvakis, Kyriakos
2016-01-01
In this work we study a classically scale-invariant extension of the Standard Model in which the dark matter and electroweak scales are generated through the Coleman-Weinberg mechanism. The extra $SU(3)_X$ gauge factor gets completely broken by the vevs of two scalar triplets. Out of the eight resulting massive vector bosons the three lightest are stable due to an intrinsic $Z_2\\times Z_2'$ discrete symmetry and can constitute dark matter candidates. We analyze the phenomenological viability ...
Yang-Mills theory in Coulomb gauge; Yang-Mills-theorie in Coulombeichung
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Feuchter, C.
2006-07-01
In this thesis we study the Yang-Mills vacuum structure by using the functional Schroedinger picture in Coulomb gauge. In particular we discuss the scenario of colour confinement, which was originally formulated by Gribov. After a short introduction, we recall some basic aspects of Yang-Mills theories, its canonical quantization in the Weyl gauge and the functional Schroedinger picture. We then consider the minimal Coulomb gauge and the Gribov problem of the gauge theory. The gauge fixing of the Coulomb gauge is done by using the Faddeev-Popov method, which enables the resolution of the Gauss law - the constraint on physical states. In the third chapter, we variationally solve the stationary Yang-Mills Schroedinger equation in Coulomb gauge for the vacuum state. Therefor we use a vacuum wave functional, which is strongly peaked at the Gribov horizon. The vacuum energy functional is calculated and minimized resulting in a set of coupled Schwinger-Dyson equations for the gluon energy, the ghost and Coulomb form factors and the curvature in gauge orbit space. Using the angular approximation these integral equations have been solved analytically in both the infrared and the ultraviolet regime. The asymptotic analytic solutions in the infrared and ultraviolet regime are reasonably well reproduced by the full numerical solutions of the coupled Schwinger-Dyson equations. In the fourth chapter, we investigate the dependence of the Yang-Mills wave functional in Coulomb gauge on the Faddeev-Popov determinant. (orig.)
Yang-Mills instantons over Riemann surfaces
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Exact solutions to the self-dual Yang-Mills equations over Riemann surfaces of arbitrary genus are constructed. They are characterized by the conformal class of the Riemann surface. They correspond to U(1) instantonic solutions for an Abelian-Higgs system. A functional action of a genus g Riemann surface is constructed, with minimal points being the two-dimensional self-dual connections. The exact solutions may be interpreted as connecting initial and final nontrivial vacuum states of a conformal theory, in the sense of Segal, with a Feynman functor constructed from the functional integral of the action. (orig.)
YANG-MILLS FIELDS AND THE LATTICE.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
CREUTZ,M.
2004-05-18
The Yang-Mills theory lies at the heart of our understanding of elementary particle interactions. For the strong nuclear forces, we must understand this theory in the strong coupling regime. The primary technique for this is the lattice. While basically an ultraviolet regulator, the lattice avoids the use of a perturbative expansion. I discuss some of the historical circumstances that drove us to this approach, which has had immense success, convincingly demonstrating quark confinement and obtaining crucial properties of the strong interactions from first principles.
Chaotic behavior of the lattice Yang-Mills on CUDA
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Forster Richárd
2015-12-01
Full Text Available The Yang-Mills fields plays important role in the strong interaction, which describes the quark gluon plasma. The non-Abelian gauge theory provides the theoretical background understanding of this topic. The real time evolution of the classical fields is derived by the Hamiltonian for SU(2 gauge field tensor. The microcanonical equations of motion is solved on 3 dimensional lattice and chaotic dynamics was searched by the monodromy matrix. The entropy-energy relation was presented by Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy. We used block Hessenberg reduction to compute the eigenvalues of the current matrix. While the purely CPU based algorithm can handle effectively only a small amount of values, the GPUs provide enough performance to give more computing power to solve the problem.
Quantum Yang--Mills Dark Energy
Pasechnik, Roman
2016-01-01
In this short review, I discuss basic qualitative characteristics of quantum non-Abelian gauge dynamics in the non-stationary background of the expanding Universe in the framework of the standard Einstein--Yang--Mills formulation. A brief outlook of existing studies of cosmological Yang--Mills fields and their properties will be given. Quantum effects have a profound impact on the gauge field-driven cosmological evolution. In particular, a dynamical formation of the spatially-homogeneous and isotropic gauge field condensate may be responsible for both early and late-time acceleration, as well as for dynamical compensation of non-perturbative quantum vacua contributions to the ground state of the Universe. The main properties of such a condensate in the effective QCD theory at the flat Friedmann--Lema\\'itre--Robertson--Walker (FLRW) background will be discussed within and beyond perturbation theory. Finally, a phenomenologically consistent dark energy can be induced dynamically as a remnant of the QCD vacua co...
Yang-Mills connections valued on the octonionic algebra
Restuccia, A.; Veiro, J. P.
2016-05-01
We consider a formulation of Yang-Mills theory where the gauge field is valued on an octonionic algebra and the gauge transformation is the group of automorphisms of it. We show, under mild assumptions, that the only possible gauge formulations are the usual su(2) or u(1) Yang-Mills theories.
Quark Confinement, New Cosmic Expansion and General Yang-Mills Symmetry
Hsu, Jong-Ping
2016-01-01
We discuss a unified model of quark confinement and new cosmic expansion with linear potentials based on a general $(SU_3)_{color} \\times (U_1)_{baryon}$ symmetry. The phase functions in the usual gauge transformations are generalized to new `action integrals'. The general Yang-Mills transformations have group properties and reduce to usual gauge transformations in special cases. Both quarks and `gauge bosons' are permanently confined by linear potentials. In this unified model of particle-cosmology, physics in the largest cosmos and that in the smallest quark system appear to both be dictated by the general Yang-Mills symmetry and characterized by a universal length. The basic force between two baryons is independent of distance. However, the cosmic repulsive force exerted on a baryonic supernova by a uniform sphere of galaxies is proportional to the distance from the center of the sphere. The new general Yang-Mills field may give a field-theoretic explanation of the accelerated cosmic expansion. The predict...
Bogolyubov, N N; Taneri, U; Prykarpatsky, Y A
2009-01-01
Symplectic structures associated to connection forms on certain types of principal fiber bundles are constructed via analysis of reduced geometric structures on fibered manifolds invariant under naturally related symmetry groups. This approach is then applied to nonstandard Hamiltonian analysis of of dynamical systems of Maxwell and Yang-Mills type. A symplectic reduction theory of the classical Maxwell equations is formulated so as to naturally include the Lorentz condition (ensuring the existence of electromagnetic waves), thereby solving the well known Dirac -Fock - Podolsky problem. Symplectically reduced Poissonian structures and the related classical minimal interaction principle for the Yang-Mills equations are also considered. 1.
Nonperturbative aspects of Yang-Mills theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The subject of this thesis is the theory of strong interactions of quarks and gluons, with particular emphasis on nonperturbative aspects of the gluon sector. Continuum methods are used to investigate in particular the confinement phenomenon. Confinement which states that the elementary quarks and gluons cannot be detected as free particles requires an understanding of large-scale correlations. In perturbation theory, only short-range correlations can be reliably described. A nonperturbative approach is given by the set of integral Dyson Schwinger equations involving all Green functions of the theory. A solution for the gluon propagator is obtained in the infrared and ultraviolet asymptotic limits. In chapter 1, redundant degrees of freedom of the Yang Mills gauge theory are removed by fixing the Weyl and Coulomb gauge prior to quantization. The constrained quantization in the Dirac bracket formalism is then performed explicitly to produce the quantized Yang Mills Hamiltonian. The asymptotic infrared limits of Coulomb gauge correlation functions are studied analytically in chapter 2 in the framework of the Gribov Zwanziger confinement scenario. The Coulomb potential between heavy quarks as part of the Yang Mills Hamiltonian is calculated in this limit. A connection between the infrared limits of Coulomb and Landau gauge is established. The Hamiltonian derived paves the way in chapter 3 for finding the Coulomb gauge vacuum wave functional by means of the variational principle. Numerical solutions for the propagators in this vacuum state are discussed and seen to reproduce the anticipated infrared limit. The discussion is extended to the vertex functions. The effect of the approximations on the results is examined. Chapter 4 is mainly devoted to the ultraviolet behavior of the propagators. The discussion is issued in both Coulomb and Landau gauge. A nonperturbative running coupling is defined and calculated. The ultraviolet tails of the variational solutions from
Nonperturbative aspects of Yang-Mills theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Schleifenbaum, Wolfgang
2008-07-01
The subject of this thesis is the theory of strong interactions of quarks and gluons, with particular emphasis on nonperturbative aspects of the gluon sector. Continuum methods are used to investigate in particular the confinement phenomenon. Confinement which states that the elementary quarks and gluons cannot be detected as free particles requires an understanding of large-scale correlations. In perturbation theory, only short-range correlations can be reliably described. A nonperturbative approach is given by the set of integral Dyson Schwinger equations involving all Green functions of the theory. A solution for the gluon propagator is obtained in the infrared and ultraviolet asymptotic limits. In chapter 1, redundant degrees of freedom of the Yang Mills gauge theory are removed by fixing the Weyl and Coulomb gauge prior to quantization. The constrained quantization in the Dirac bracket formalism is then performed explicitly to produce the quantized Yang Mills Hamiltonian. The asymptotic infrared limits of Coulomb gauge correlation functions are studied analytically in chapter 2 in the framework of the Gribov Zwanziger confinement scenario. The Coulomb potential between heavy quarks as part of the Yang Mills Hamiltonian is calculated in this limit. A connection between the infrared limits of Coulomb and Landau gauge is established. The Hamiltonian derived paves the way in chapter 3 for finding the Coulomb gauge vacuum wave functional by means of the variational principle. Numerical solutions for the propagators in this vacuum state are discussed and seen to reproduce the anticipated infrared limit. The discussion is extended to the vertex functions. The effect of the approximations on the results is examined. Chapter 4 is mainly devoted to the ultraviolet behavior of the propagators. The discussion is issued in both Coulomb and Landau gauge. A nonperturbative running coupling is defined and calculated. The ultraviolet tails of the variational solutions from
Convergent Yang-Mills Matrix Theories
Austing, P; Austing, Peter; Wheater, John F.
2001-01-01
We consider the partition function and correlation functions in the bosonic and supersymmetric Yang-Mills matrix models with compact semi-simple gauge group. In the supersymmetric case, we show that the partition function converges when $D=4,6$ and 10, and that correlation functions of degree $k< k_c=2(D-3)$ are convergent independently of the group. In the bosonic case we show that the partition function is convergent when $D \\geq D_c$, and that correlation functions of degree $k < k_c$ are convergent, and calculate $D_c$ and $k_c$ for each group, thus extending our previous results for SU(N). As a special case these results establish that the partition function and a set of correlation functions in the IKKT IIB string matrix model are convergent.
A model of unified quantum chromodynamics and Yang-Mills gravity
Hsu, Jong-Ping
2011-01-01
Based on a generalized Yang-Mills framework, gravitational and strong interactions can be unified in analogy with the unification in the electroweak theory. By gauging $T(4) \\times [SU(3)]_{color} $ in flat space-time, we have a unified model of chromo-gravity with a new tensor gauge field, which couples universally to all gluons, quarks and anti-quarks. The space-time translational gauge symmetry assures that all wave equations of quarks and gluons reduce to a Hamilton-Jacobi equation with t...
The Parisi-Sourlas Mechanism in Yang-Mills Theory?
Magpantay, J A
2000-01-01
The Parisi-Sourlas mechanism is exhibited in pure Yang-Mills theory. Using the new scalar degrees of freedom derived from the non-linear gauge condition, we show that the non-perturbative sector of Yang-Mills theory is equivalent to a 4D O(1,3) sigma model in a random field. We then show that the leading term of this equivalent theory is invariant under supersymmetry transformations where (x^{2}+\\thetabar\\theta) is unchanged. This leads to dimensional reduction proving the equivalence of the non-perturbative sector of Yang-Mills theory to a 2D O(1,3) sigma model.
Yang-Mills Instanton Sheaves with Arbitrary Topological Charges
Lai, Sheng-Hong; Lai, I-Hsun
2016-01-01
We use a set of ADHM 3-instanton data to systematically construct a class of SU(2) Yang-Mills instanton solutions with arbitrary topological charges. Moreover, by using the biquaternion calculation with biconjugation operation developed recently, these new ADHM data are used to construct a class of SL(2,C) Yang-Mills instanton sheaves on CP^3 with arbitrary topological charges k greater than 3. This result extends the previous construction of Yang-Mills 2-instanton sheaves to arbitrary higher k-instanton sheaves.
Four dimensional supersymmetric Yang-Mills quantum mechanics with three colors
Ambrozinski, Zbigniew
2014-01-01
The $D=4$ supersymmetric Yang-Mills quantum mechanics with $SU(2)$ and $SU(3)$ gauge symmetry groups is studied. A numerical method to find finite matrix representation of the Hamiltonian is presented in detail. It is used to find spectrum of the theory. In the $SU(2)$ case there are bound states in all channels with definite total number of fermions and angular momentum. For 2,3,4 fermions continuous and discrete spectra coexist in the same range of energies. These results are confirmation of earlier studies. With $SU(3)$ gauge group, the continuous spectrum is moved to sectors with more fermions. Supersymmetry generators are used to identify supermultiplets and determine the level of restoration of supersymmetry for a finite cutoff. For both theories, with $SU(2)$ and $SU(3)$ symmetry, wavefunctions are studied and different behavior of bound and scattering states is observed.
Particle motion in a Yang-Mills field Wong's equations and spin one-half analogues
Van Holten, J W
1995-01-01
A complete, straightforward and natural Lagrangian description is given for the classical non-relativistic dynamics of a particle with colour or internal symmetry degrees of freedom moving in a background Yang-Mills field. This provides a new simple Lagrangian formalism for Wong's equations for spinless particles, and presents also their generalisation, in gauge covariant form, for spin-\\frack particles, within a complete Lagrangian formalism.
Cylindrically symmetric Einstein-Yang-Mills-Higgs gauge configurations.
Mondaini, R. P.
1985-02-01
Two solutions are obtained for coupled Einstein-Yang-Mills-Higgs fields with cylindrical symmetry and rigid rotation. The Higgs fields are responsible for the creation of singularities and infinite energy densities at the cylinder's axis.
Gravity as the square of Yang-Mills?
Borsten, L
2016-01-01
In these lectures we review how the symmetries of gravitational theories may be regarded as originating from those of "Yang-Mills squared". We begin by motivating the idea that certain aspects of gravitational theories can be captured by the product, in some sense, of two distinct Yang-Mills theories, particularly in the context of scattering amplitudes. We then introduce a concrete dictionary for the covariant fields of (super)gravity in terms of the product of two (super) Yang-Mills theories. The dictionary implies that the symmetries of each (super) Yang-Mills factor generate the symmetries of the corresponding (super)gravity theory: general covariance, $p$-form gauge invariance, local Lorentz invariance, local supersymmetry, R-symmetry and U-duality.
Dark Matter from a Classically Scale-Invariant $SU(3)_X$
Karam, Alexandros
2016-01-01
In this work we study a classically scale-invariant extension of the Standard Model in which the dark matter and electroweak scales are generated through the Coleman-Weinberg mechanism. The extra $SU(3)_X$ gauge factor gets completely broken by the vevs of two scalar triplets. Out of the eight resulting massive vector bosons the three lightest are stable due to an intrinsic $Z_2\\times Z_2'$ discrete symmetry and can constitute dark matter candidates. We analyze the phenomenological viability of the predicted multi-Higgs sector imposing theoretical and experimental constraints. We perform a comprehensive analysis of the dark matter predictions of the model solving numerically the set of coupled Boltzmann equations involving all relevant dark matter processes and explore the direct detection prospects of the dark matter candidates.
Massive Yang-Mills Fields in Interaction with Gravity
Grigore, D. R.; Scharf, G.
2008-01-01
We determine the most general form of the interaction between the gravitational field and an arbitrary Yang-Mills system of fields (massless and massive). We work in the perturbative quantum framework of the causal approach (of Epstein and Glaser) and use a cohomological definition of gauge invariance for both gauge fields. We also consider the case of massive gravity. We discuss the question whether gravity couples to the unphysical degrees of freedom in the Yang-Mills fields.
A QCD Model Using Generalized Yang-Mills Theory
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG Dian-Fu; SONG He-Shan; KOU Li-Na
2007-01-01
Generalized Yang-Mills theory has a covariant derivative,which contains both vector and scalar gauge bosons.Based on this theory,we construct a strong interaction model by using the group U(4).By using this U(4)generalized Yang-Mills model,we also obtain a gauge potential solution,which can be used to explain the asymptotic behavior and color confinement.
Yangian symmetry of smooth Wilson loops in super Yang-Mills theory
Müller, Dennis; Münkler, Hagen; Plefka, Jan; Pollok, Jonas; Zarembo, Konstantin
2013-11-01
We show that appropriately supersymmetrized smooth Maldacena-Wilson loop operators in super Yang-Mills theory are invariant under a Yangian symmetry Y [(2, 2|4)] built upon the manifest superconformal symmetry algebra of the theory. The existence of this hidden symmetry is demonstrated at the one-loop order in the weak coupling limit as well as at leading order in the strong coupling limit employing the classical integrability of the dual AdS5 × S 5 string description. The hidden symmetry generators consist of a canonical non-local second order variational derivative piece acting on the superpath, along with a novel local path dependent contribution. We match the functional form of these Yangian symmetry generators at weak and strong coupling and find evidence for an interpolating function. Our findings represent the smooth counterpart to the Yangian invariance of scattering superamplitudes dual to light-like polygonal super Wilson loops in the super Yang-Mills theory.
On maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories
Movshev, M
2004-01-01
We consider ten-dimensional supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory (10D SUSY YM theory) and its dimensional reductions, in particular, BFSS and IKKT models. We formulate these theories using algebraic techniques based on application of differential graded Lie algebras and associative algebras as well as of more general objects, L_{\\infty}- and A_{\\infty}- algebras. We show that using pure spinor formulation of 10D SUSY YM theory equations of motion and isotwistor formalism one can interpret these equations as Maurer-Cartan equations for some differential Lie algebra. This statement can be used to write BV action functional of 10D SUSY YM theory in Chern-Simons form. The differential Lie algebra we constructed is closely related to differential associative algebra Omega of (0, k)-forms on some supermanifold; the Lie algebra is tensor product of Omega and matrix algebra . We construct several other algebras that are quasiisomorphic to Omega and, therefore, also can be used to give BV formulation of 10D SUSY YM theory...
Curving Yang-Mills-Higgs Gauge Theories
Kotov, Alexei
2015-01-01
Established fundamental physics can be described by fields, which are maps. The source of such a map is space-time, which can be curved due to gravity. The map itself needs to be curved in its gauge field part so as to describe interaction forces like those mediated by photons and gluons. In the present article, we permit non-zero curvature also on the internal space, the target of the field map. The action functional and the symmetries are constructed in such a way that they reduce to those of standard Yang-Mills-Higgs (YMH) gauge theories precisely when the curvature on the target of the fields is turned off. For curved targets one obtains a new theory, a curved YMH gauge theory. It realizes in a mathematically consistent manner an old wish in the community: replacing structures constants by functions depending on the scalars of the theory. In addition, we provide a simple 4d toy model, where the gauge symmetry is abelian, but turning off the gauge fields, no rigid symmetry remains---another possible manife...
A tree-level 3-point function in the su(3)-sector of planar N=4 SYM
Foda, Omar; Kostov, Ivan; Serban, Didina
2013-01-01
We classify the 3-point functions of local gauge-invariant single-trace operators in the scalar sector of planar N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills involving at least one su(3) operator. In the case of two su(3) and one su(2) operators, the tree-level 3-point function can be expressed in terms of scalar products of su(3) Bethe vectors. Moreover, if the second level Bethe roots of one of the su(3) operators is trivial (set to infinity), this 3-point function can be written in a determinant form. Using the determinant representation, we evaluate the structure constant in the semi-classical limit, when the number of roots goes to infinity.
Vacuum of the quantum Yang-Mills theory and magnetostatics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
It is argued that since in asymptotically free Yang-Mills theories the quantum ground state is not controlled by perturbation theory, there is no a priori reason to believe that individual orbits corresponding to minima of the classical action dominate the Euclidean functional integral. To examine and classify the vacua of the quantum gauge theory, the authors propose an effective action in which the gauge field coupling constant g is replaced by the effective coupling g(mean)(t), t = ln (Fsup(a)sub(μγ)2/μ4). The vacua of this model correspond to paramagnetism and perfect paramagnetism, for which the gauge field is Fsup(a)sub(μγ) = 0, and ferromagnetism, for which Fsup(a)sub(μγ)2 = lambda2, i.e. spontaneous magnetization of the vacuum occurs. It is shown that there are no instanton solutions to the quantum effective action. The equations for a point classical source of color spin are solved, and it is shown that the field infrared energy becomes linearly divergent in the limit of spontaneous magnetization. This implies bag formation, and an electric Meissner effect confining the bag contents. (Auth.)
Yang-Mills-Vlasov system in the temporal gauge. Systeme de Yang-Mills-Vlasov en jauge temporelle
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Choquet-Bruhat, Y.; Noutchegueme, N. (Paris-6 Univ., 75 (FR))
1991-01-01
We prove a local in time existence theorem of a solution of the Cauchy problem for the Yang-Mills-Vlasov integrodifferential system. Such equations govern the evolution of plasmas, for instance of quarks and gluons (quagmas), where non abelian gauge fields and Yang-Mills charges replace the usual electromagnetic field and electric charge. We work with the temporal gauge and use functional spaces with appropriate weight on the momenta, but no fall off is required in the space direction.
Covariant variational approach to Yang-Mills Theory: effective potential of the Polyakov loop
Quandt, Markus
2016-01-01
We compute the effective action of the Polyakov loop in SU(2) and SU(3) Yang-Mills theory using a previously developed covariant variational approach. The formalism is extended to background gauge and it is shown how to relate the low order Green's functions to the ones in Landau gauge studied earlier. The renormalization procedure is discussed. The self-consistent effective action is derived and evaluated using the numerical solution of the gap equation. We find a clear signal for a deconfinement phase transition at finite temperatures, which is second order for SU(2) and first order for SU(3). The critical temperatures obtained are in reasonable agreement with high precision lattice data.
On the Formulation of Yang-Mills Theory with the Gauge Field Valued on the Octonionic Algebra
Restuccia, A
2014-01-01
We consider a formulation of Yang-Mills theory where the gauge field is valued on a non-associative algebra and the gauge transformation is the group of automorphisms of it. We show, under mild assumptions, that the only possible gauge formulation for the octonionic non-associative algebra are the usual $\\mathfrak{su}(2)$ or $\\mathfrak{u}(1)$ Yang-Mills theories. We also discuss the particular cases where the gauge transformations are the subalgebras $\\mathfrak{su}(3)$, $\\mathfrak{su}(2)$, or $\\mathfrak{u}(1)$ of the algebra $\\mathfrak{g}_2$, related to the corresponding subgroups of $G_2$, the group of automorphisms of the octonions.
Quantum Yang-Mills theory: an overview of a programme
Milsted, Ashley
2016-01-01
We present an overview of a programme to understand the low-energy physics of quantum Yang-Mills theory from a quantum-information perspective. Our setting is that of the hamiltonian formulation of pure Yang-Mills theory in the temporal gauge on the lattice. Firstly, inspired by recent constructions for $\\mathbb{Z}/2\\mathbb{Z}$ lattice gauge theory, in particular, Kitaev's toric code, we describe the gauge-invariant sector of hilbert space by introducing a primitive quantum gate: the quantum parallel transporter. We then develop a nonabelian generalisation of laplace interpolation to present an ansatz for the ground state of pure Yang-Mills theory which interpolates between the weak- and strong-coupling RG fixed points. The resulting state acquires the structure of a tensor network, namely, a multiscale entanglement renormalisation ansatz, and allows for the efficient computation of local observables and Wilson loops. Various refinements of the tensor network are discussed leading to several generalisations. ...
Exact, Schwarzschild-like solution for Yang-Mills theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Singleton, D.
1995-04-01
Exploiting the connection between general relativity and Yang-Mills theory an exact, Schwarzchild-like solution is given for an SU(N) gauge field coupled to a scalar field in the Bogomolny, Prasad, Sommerfield limit. The SU(2) solution is found using the second order Euler-Lagrange formalism, while the SU(N) generalization is given using the first order Bogomolny formalism. In analogy with the Schwarzschild solution of general relativity, these Yang-Mills solutions possess an event horizon with respect to the SU(N) charge. It is conjectured that this may be the confinement mechanism for QCD, since just as a Schwarzschild black hole will permanently confine anything which carries the charge of general relativity (mass-energy), so this Yang-Mills solution will confine any particle which carries the SU(N) charge.
Yang-Mills theory and fermionic path integrals
Fujikawa, Kazuo
2016-01-01
The Yang-Mills gauge field theory, which was proposed 60 years ago, is extremely successful in describing the basic interactions of fundamental particles. The Yang-Mills theory in the course of its developments also stimulated many important field theoretical machinery. In this brief review I discuss the path integral techniques, in particular, the fermionic path integrals which were developed together with the successful applications of quantized Yang-Mills field theory. I start with the Faddeev-Popov path integral formula with emphasis on the treatment of fermionic ghosts as an application of Grassmann numbers. I then discuss the ordinary fermionic path integrals and the general treatment of quantum anomalies. The contents of this review are mostly pedagogical except for a recent analysis of path integral bosonization.
Super Yang-Mills theories coupled to supergravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories coupled to supergravity are analyzed by using the tangent bundle to a supergroup manifold as geometrical framework. The factorization condition imposed on these theories is considered from this point of view. The so-called H-gauge transformation for both, the super Yang-Mills and supergravity one-forms gauge fields are obtained as a consequence of a change of trivialization in the corresponding coset manifold. The authors point out the existence of factorized solutions not diffeomorphically equivalent for the set of pseudo-connections one-forms or gauge fields
Gauge covariance approach to massive Yang-Mills fields
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
By observation of the gauge structure introduced in the SU(2) Higgs-Kibble model on the basis of a massless Yang-Mills field theory with gauge covariance, another possible formalism of a massive Yang-Mills field theory with gauge covariance is presented. The formalism exhibits a close analogy to the case of massive abelian-gauge fields. In contrast with the case of the Higgs-Kibble model, no dipole-ghost field is introduced in the formalism. Supplementary conditions for physical states are given in a consistent way. (author)
Testing the Witten-Veneziano mechanism with the Yang-Mills gradient flow on the lattice
Cè, Marco; Engel, Georg P; Giusti, Leonardo
2014-01-01
We present a precise computation of the topological charge distribution in the $SU(3)$ Yang-Mills theory. It is carried out on the lattice with high statistics Monte Carlo simulations by employing the clover discretization of the field strength tensor combined with the Yang-Mills gradient flow. The flow equations are integrated numerically by a fourth-order structure-preserving Runge-Kutta method. We have performed simulations at four lattice spacings and several lattice sizes to remove with confidence the systematic errors in the second (topological susceptibility $\\chi_t^\\text{YM}$) and the fourth cumulant of the distribution. In the continuum we obtain the preliminary results $t_0^2\\chi_t^\\text{YM}=6.53(8)\\times 10^{-4}$ and the ratio between the fourth and the second cumulant $R=0.233(45)$. Our results disfavour the $\\theta$-behaviour of the vacuum energy predicted by dilute instanton models, while they are compatible with the expectation from the large-$N_c$ expansion.
Topological susceptibility in the SU(3) gauge theory
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Del Debbio, Luigi; Giusti, Leonardo; Pica, Claudio
2004-01-01
We compute the topological susceptibility for the SU(3) Yang--Mills theory by employing the expression of the topological charge density operator suggested by Neuberger's fermions. In the continuum limit we find r_0^4 chi = 0.059(3), which corresponds to chi=(191 +/- 5 MeV)^4 if F_K is used to set...
A nonperturbative method for the Yang Mills Lagrangian
Jora, Renata
2014-01-01
Using the properties of the partition function for a Yang Mills theory we compute simple relations among the renormalization constants. In the particular case of the background gauge field method we obtain that the all orders beta function for the gauge coupling constant contains only the first two orders coefficients different than zero and thus corresponds to the 't Hooft scheme.
Wilson loop in N=4 super Yang-Mills theory
Förste, S.; Ghoshal, D.; Theisen, S.
2000-01-01
The Wilson loop in N = 4 super Yang-Mills theory admits a dual description as a macroscopic string configuration in the adS/CFT correspondence. We discuss the correction to the quark anti-quark potential arising from the fluctuations of the superstring.
Path integral quantization of Yang-Mills theory
Muslih, Sami I.
2000-01-01
Path integral formulation based on the canonical method is discussed. Path integral for Yang-Mills theory is obtained by this procedure. It is shown that gauge fixing which is essential procedure to quantize singular systems by Faddeev's and Popov's method is not necessary if the canonical path integral formulation is used.
5D Maximally Supersymmetric Yang-Mills on the Lattice
Joseph, Anosh
2016-01-01
We provide details of the lattice construction of five-dimensional maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. The lattice theory is supersymmetric, gauge invariant and free from spectrum doublers. Such a supersymmetric lattice formulation is interesting as it can be used for non-perturbative explorations of the five-dimensional theory, which has a known gravitational dual.
2D Yang-Mills theory and topological field theory
Moore, G
1994-01-01
Contribution to the Proceedings of the International Congress of Mathematicians 1994. We review recent developments in the physics and mathematics of Yang-Mills theory in two dimensional spacetimes. This is a condensed version of a forthcoming review by S. Cordes, G. Moore, and S. Ramgoolam.
Eigenvalue spectrum of lattice N=4 super Yang-Mills
Weir, D.; Catterall, S.; Mehta, D. B.
We present preliminary results for the eigenvalue spectrum of four-dimensional ${\\cal N}=4$ super Yang-Mills theory on the lattice. In particular, by studying the the spectral density a measurement of the anomalous dimension is made and found to be consistent with zero.
Quantum theory of massive Yang-Mills fields, 2
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
By generalization of a basic formulation presented in a preceding part of the same series, a massive Yang-Mills field theory with gauge covariance is formulated within one-parameter invariant gauge families. It is consequently concluded that all cases of different gauges belonging to the same gauge family are equivalent to one another in a rigorous field-theoretical sense. (author)
On the infrared behaviour of Yang-Mills Greens functions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Making certain assumptions (valid to any finite order of perturbation theory), it is shown that non-perturbatively pure Yang-Mills Greens functions are power behaved in the momenta in a limit related to the infrared limit. It is also shown that the fundamental vertices have a more singular behaviour than indicated by perturbation theory. (Auth.)
Einstein-Yang-Mills theory : I. Asymptotic symmetries
Barnich, Glenn
2013-01-01
Asymptotic symmetries of the Einstein-Yang-Mills system with or without cosmological constant are explicitly worked out in a unified manner. In agreement with a recent conjecture, one finds a Virasoro-Kac-Moody type algebra not only in three dimensions but also in the four dimensional asymptotically flat case.
Euclidean solutions in Einstein-Yang-Mills-dilaton theory
Brihaye, Y
2006-01-01
We present arguments for the existence of a new type of solutions of the Euclidean Einstein-Yang-Mills-dilaton theory in $d=4$ dimensions. Possesing nonvanishing nonabelian charges, these nonselfdual configurations have no counterparts on the Lorentzian section. They provide, however, new saddle points in the Euclidean path integral.
Numerical investigations of supersymmetric Yang-Mills quantum mechanics with 4 supercharges
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ambrozinski, Zbigniew [Krakow Univ. (Poland). Inst. of Physics; Korcyl, Piotr [Krakow Univ. (Poland). Inst. of Physics; Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany). John von Neumann-Inst. fuer Computing NIC
2014-12-15
We report on our non-perturbative investigations of supersymmetric Yang-Mills quantum mechanics with 4 supercharges. We employ two independent numerical methods. First of them is the cut Fock space method whose numerical implementation was recently generalized to include the SU(N) gauge group. It allowed us to calculate for the first time the spectrum of the model with SU(3) symmetry in all fermionic sectors. Independently, we implemented the Rational Hybrid Monte Carlo algorithm and reproduced the accessible part of the low-energy spectrum of the model with SU(2) gauge symmetry. We argue that by simulating at imaginary chemical potential one can get access to observables defined in sectors of Hilbert space with a given quark number.
A perturbative description of the deconfinement transition in Yang-Mills theories
Serreau, Julien
2015-01-01
We investigate the deconfinement transition of static quarks in SU(N) Yang-Mills theories using a perturbative approach based on a massive extension of the Landau-DeWitt gauge-fixed action, where the gluon mass term is related to the issue of Gribov ambiguities. A leading-order, one-loop calculation of the effective potential for the Polyakov loop produces a deconfinement transition of second order for the SU(2) theory and of first order for SU(3) with transition temperatures in qualitative agreement with known values. We also report on the results of a two-loop calculation of the critical temperature and of thermodynamical quantities in the SU(2) case.
Exact momentum fluctuations of an accelerated quark in N=4 super Yang-Mills
Fiol, Bartomeu; Torrents, Genis
2013-01-01
In this work we consider a heavy quark moving with constant proper acceleration in the vacuum of any four dimensional conformal field theory. We argue that the two-point function of its momentum fluctuations is exactly captured by the Bremsstrahlung function that gives the total radiated power. For the particular case of N=4 SU(N) SYM this function is exactly known, so in this case we obtain an explicit expression for the momentum diffusion coefficient, and check that various limits of this result are reproduced by probe computations in AdS_5. Finally, we evaluate this transport coefficient for a heavy quark accelerated in the vacuum of N=4 SU(3) SYM, and comment on possible lessons of our results for the study of heavy quarks traversing the super Yang-Mills plasma.
Integrable open spin chain in super Yang-Mills and the plane-wave/SYM duality
Chen, Bin; Wang, Xiao-Jun; Wu, Yong-Shi
2004-02-01
We investigate the integrable structures in an Script N = 2 superconformal Sp(N) Yang-Mills theory with matter, which is dual to an open+closed string system. We restrict ourselves to the BMN operators that correspond to free string states. In the closed string sector, an integrable structure is inherited from its parent theory, Script N = 4 SYM. For the open string sector, the planar one-loop mixing matrix for gauge invariant holomorphic scalar operators is identified with the hamiltonian of an integrable SU(3) open spin chain. Using the K-matrix formalism we identify the integrable open-chain boundary conditions that correspond to string boundary conditions. The solutions to the algebraic Bethe ansatz equations (ABAE) with a few impurities are shown to recover the anomalous dimensions that exactly match the spectrum of free open string in the plane-wave background. We also discuss the properties of the solutions of ABAE beyond the BMN regime.
Integrable Open Spin Chain in Super Yang-Mills and the Plane-wave/SYM duality
Chen, B; Wu, Y S; Chen, Bin; Wang, Xiao-Jun; Wu, Yong-Shi
2004-01-01
We investigate the integrable structures in an N=2 superconfomal Sp(N) Yang-Mills theory with matter, which is dual to an open+closed string system. We restrict ourselves to the BMN operators that correspond to free string states. In the closed string sector, an integrable structure is inherited from its parent theory, N=4 SYM. For the open string sector, the planar one-loop mixing matrix for gauge invariant holomorphic operators is identified with the Hamiltonian of an integrable SU(3) open spin chain. Using the K-matrix formalism we identify the integrable open-chain boundary conditions that correspond to string boundary conditions. The solutions to the algebraic Bethe ansatz equations (ABAE) with a few impurities are shown to recover the anomalous dimensions that exactly match the spectrum of free open string in the plane-wave background. We also discuss the properties of the solutions of ABAE beyond the BMN regime.
Energy-momentum tensor on the lattice: non-perturbative renormalization in Yang--Mills theory
Giusti, Leonardo
2015-01-01
We construct an energy-momentum tensor on the lattice which satisfies the appropriate Ward Identities (WIs) and has the right trace anomaly in the continuum limit. It is defined by imposing suitable WIs associated to the Poincare` invariance of the continuum theory. These relations come forth when the length of the box in the temporal direction is finite, and they take a particularly simple form if the coordinate and the periodicity axes are not aligned. We implement the method for the SU(3) Yang--Mills theory discretized with the standard Wilson action in presence of shifted boundary conditions in the (short) temporal direction. By carrying out extensive numerical simulations, the renormalization constants of the traceless components of the tensor are determined with a precision of roughly half a percent for values of the bare coupling constant in the range 0<= g^2_0<=1.
Monopole dynamics and BPS dyons in N=2 super-Yang-Mills theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We determine the low-energy dynamics of monopoles in pure N=2 Yang-Mills theories for points in the vacuum moduli space where the two Higgs fields are not aligned. The dynamics is governed by a supersymmetric quantum mechanics with potential terms and four real supercharges. The corresponding superalgebra contains a central charge but nevertheless supersymmetric states preserve all four supercharges. The central charge depends on the sign of the electric charges and consequently so does the BPS spectrum. We focus on the SU(3) case where certain BPS states are realized as zero modes of a Dirac operator on Taub-NUT space twisted by the triholomorphic Killing vector field. We show that the BPS spectrum includes hypermultiplets that are consistent with the strong- and weak-coupling behavior of Seiberg-Witten theory. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society
Regular and chaotic classical dynamics in the U(5)-SU(3) quantum phase transition of the IBM
Macek, M
2012-01-01
We study the classical dynamics in a generic first-order quantum phase transition between the U(5) and SU(3) limits of the interacting boson model. The dynamics is chaotic, of H\\'enon-Heiles type, in the spherical phase and is regular, yet sensitive to local degeneracies, in the deformed phase. Both types of dynamics persist in the coexistence region resulting in a divided phase space.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Based on analysis of reduced geometric structures on fibered manifolds, invariant under action of a certain symmetry group, we construct the symplectic structures associated with connection forms on suitable principal fiber bundles. The application to the non-standard Hamiltonian analysis of the Maxwell and Yang-Mills type dynamical systems is presented. A symplectic reduction theory of the classical Maxwell electromagnetic field equations is formulated, the important Lorentz condition, ensuring the existence of electromagnetic waves, is naturally included into the Hamiltonian picture, thereby solving the well known Dirac, Fock and Podolsky problem. The symplectically reduced Poissonian structures and the related classical minimal interaction principle, concerning the Yang-Mills type equations, are considered. (author)
Spectroscopy of two dimensional N=2 Super Yang Mills theory
August, Daniel; Wipf, Andreas
2016-01-01
Albeit the standard model is the most successful model of particles physics, it still has some theoretical shortcomings, for instance the hierarchy problem, the absence of dark matter, etc. Supersymmetric extensions of the standard model could be a possible solution to these problems. One of the building blocks of these supersymmetric models are supersymmetric gauge theories. It is expected that they exhibit interesting features like confinement, chiral symmetry breaking, magnetic monopoles and the like. We present new results on N=2 Super Yang Mills theory in two dimensions. The lattice action is derived by a dimensional reduction of the N=1 Super Yang Mills theory in four dimensions. By preserving the R symmetry of the four dimensional model we can exploit Ward identities to fine tune our parameters of the model to obtain the chiral and supersymmetric continuum limit. This allows us to calculate the mass spectrum at the physical point and compare these results with effective field theories.
Yang-Mills fields which are not self-dual
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The purpose of this paper is to prove the existence of a new family of non-self-dual finite-energy solutions to the Yang-Mills equations on Euclidean four-space, with SU(2) as a gauge group. The approach is that of 'equivariant geometry': Attention is restricted to a special class of fields, those that satisfy a certain kind of rotational symmetry, for which it is proved that (1) a solution to the Yang-Mills equations exists among them; and (2) no solution to the self-duality equations exists among them. The first assertion is proved by an application of the direct method of the calculus of variations (existence and regularity of minimizers), and the second assertion by studying the symmetry properties of the linearized-self-duality equations. The same technique yields a new family of non-self-dual solutions on the complex projective plane. (orig.)
Non self-dual Yang-Mills fields
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The purpose of the thesis is to prove the existence of a new family of non self-dual finite-energy solutions to the Yang-Mills equations on Euclidean four-space, with SU(2) as a gauge group. The approach is that of equivalent geometry: attention is restricted to a special class of fields, those that satisfy a certain kind of rotational symmetry which it is proved that (1) a solution to the Yang-Mills equations exists for among them, and (2) no solution to the self-duality equations exists among them. The first assertion is proved by an application of the direct method of the calculus of variations (existence and regularity of minimizers), and the second assertion by showing that the self-duality equations, linearized at a symmetric self-dual solution, cannot possess the required symmetry
(Super)Yang-Mills at Finite Heavy-Quark Density
Faedo, Anton F; Mateos, David; Tarrio, Javier
2014-01-01
We study the gravitational duals of $d$-dimensional Yang-Mills theories with $d\\leq 6$ in the presence of an ${\\cal O} (N^2)$ density of heavy quarks, with $N$ the number of colors. For concreteness we focus on maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills, but our results apply to a larger class of theories with or without supersymmetry. The gravitational solutions describe renormalization group flows towards infrared scaling geometries characterized by fixed dynamical and hyperscaling-violating exponents. The special case $d=5$ yields an $AdS_3 \\times \\mathbb{R}^4 \\times S^4$ geometry upon uplifting to M-theory. We discuss the multitude of physical scales that separate different dynamical regimes along the flows, as well as the validity of the supergravity description. We also present exact black brane solutions that encode the low-temperature thermodynamics.
Saddle point solutions in Yang-Mills-dilaton theory
Bizón, P
1993-01-01
The coupling of a dilaton to the $SU(2)$-Yang-Mills field leads to interesting non-perturbative static spherically symmetric solutions which are studied by mixed analitical and numerical methods. In the abelian sector of the theory there are finite-energy magnetic and electric monopole solutions which saturate the Bogomol'nyi bound. In the nonabelian sector there exist a countable family of globally regular solutions which are purely magnetic but have zero Yang-Mills magnetic charge. Their discrete spectrum of energies is bounded from above by the energy of the abelian magnetic monopole with unit magnetic charge. The stability analysis demonstrates that the solutions are saddle points of the energy functional with increasing number of unstable modes. The existence and instability of these solutions are "explained" by the Morse-theory argument recently proposed by Sudarsky and Wald.
Towards a Loop Quantum Gravity and Yang-Mills unification
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Alexander, Stephon, E-mail: stephonalexander@mac.com [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Haverford College, Haverford, PA 19041 (United States); Department of Physics, Princeton University, NJ 08544 (United States); Institute for Gravitation and the Cosmos, Department of Physics, Penn State, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Marciano, Antonino [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Haverford College, Haverford, PA 19041 (United States); Department of Physics, Princeton University, NJ 08544 (United States); Tacchi, Ruggero Altair [Department of Physics, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 (United States)
2012-09-19
We propose a new method of unifying gravity and the Standard Model by introducing a spin-foam model. We realize a unification between an SU(2) Yang-Mills interaction and 3D general relativity by considering a constrained Spin(4){approx}SO(4) Plebanski action. The theory is quantized a la spin-foam by implementing the analogue of the simplicial constraints for the Spin(4) symmetry, providing a way to couple Yang-Mills fields to spin-foams. A natural 4D extension of the theory is introduced. We also present a way to recover 2-point correlation functions between the connections as a first way to implement scattering amplitudes between particle states, aiming to connect Loop Quantum Gravity to new physical predictions.
Currents and anomalies in topological Yang-Mills theory
Dahmen, H. D.; Marculescu, S.; Szymanowski, L.
1992-09-01
The quantum properties of topological Yang-Mills theory are investigated in the light of the N = 2 supersymmetry observed in flat space. We construct a unique system of covariantly (partially) conserved currents which develop anomalies while preserving BRS invariance of the theory. In particular, the one-loop renormalized energy-momentum tensor is free of purely gravitational contributions and can be written as a BRS variation. We study the consequences of changing the renormalization prescriptions inherited from the N = 2 supersymmetry to those consistent with BRS. Most of our conclusions are verified by explicit calculations. As a byproduct we derive the formula of Atiyah, Hitchin and Singer for the dimension of the moduli space of self-dual Yang-Mills fields. Finally strong arguments are given that the full system of Donaldson polynomials and the quantum BRS current are not renormalized beyond one-loop.
Emergent Yang-Mills Theories from Universal Extra Dimensions
Chkareuli, J L
2016-01-01
We study emergent Yang-Mills theories which could origin from universal extra dimensions. Particularly, some vector field potential terms or polynomial vector field constraints introduced into five-dimensional non-Abelian gauge theory is shown to lead to spontaneous violation of an underlying spacetime symmetry and generate vector pseudo-Goldstone modes as conventional 4D gauge boson candidates. As a special signature, apart from conventional gauge couplings, there appear an infinite number of the properly suppressed direct multi-boson (multi-photon in particular) interaction couplings in emergent Yang-Mills theories whose observation could shed light on their high-dimensional nature. Moreover, in these theories an internal symmetry is also appeared spontaneously broken to its diagonal subgroups. This breaking origins from the extra vector field components playing a role of some adjoint scalar field multiplet in the 4D spacetime. So, one naturally has the Higgs effect without a specially introduced scalar fie...
Intrinsic moment of inertia of membranes as bounds for the mass gap of Yang-Mills theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We obtain the precise condition on the potentials of Yang-Mills theories in 0+1 dimensions and D0-brane quantum mechanics ensuring the discreteness of the spectrum. It is given in terms of a moment of inertia of the membrane. From it we obtain a bound for the mass gap of any D+1 Yang-Mills theory in the slow-mode regime. In particular we analyze the physical case D=3. The quantum mechanical behavior of the theories, concerning its spectrum, is determined by harmonic oscillators with frequencies given by the inertial tensor of the membrane. We find a class of quantum mechanic potential polynomials of any degree, with classical instabilities that at quantum level have purely discrete spectrum
Background field dependence from the Slavnov-Taylor identity in (non-perturbative) Yang-Mills theory
Quadri, Andrea
2011-01-01
We show that in Yang-Mills theory the Slavnov-Taylor (ST) identity, extended in the presence of a background gauge connection, allows to fix in a unique way the dependence of the vertex functional on the background, once the 1-PI amplitudes at zero background are known. The reconstruction of the background dependence is carried out by purely algebraic techniques and therefore can be applied in a non-perturbative scheme (e.g. on the lattice or in the Schwinger-Dyson approach), provided that the latter preserves the ST identity. The field-antifield redefinition, which replaces the classical background-quantum splitting when quantum corrections are taken into account, is considered on the example of an instanton background in SU(2) Yang-Mills theory.
Formation and decay of Einstein-Yang-Mills black holes
Rinne, O.
2014-01-01
We study various aspects of black holes and gravitational collapse in Einstein-Yang-Mills theory under the assumption of spherical symmetry. Numerical evolution on hyperboloidal surfaces extending to future null infinity is used. We begin by constructing colored and Reissner-Nordstrom black holes on surfaces of constant mean curvature and analyze their perturbations. These linearly perturbed black holes are then evolved into the nonlinear regime and the masses of the final Schwarzschild black...
String theory as a generalised Yang-Mills theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We summarise the result of a recent investigation which shows that the standard theory of interacting open bosonic strings can be reformulated as a generalised Yang-Mills theory in which (i) the string co-ordinates themselves function as the internal gauge degrees of freedom, and (ii) parallel transport is based on the nonabelian conformal group in place of the usual space-time translation groups. (author)
Supersymmetry algebra in super Yang-Mills theories
Yokoyama, Shuichi
2015-01-01
We compute supersymmetry algebra (superalgebra) in supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories (SYM) consisting of a vector multiplet including fermionic contribution in six dimensions. We show that the contribution of fermion is given by boundary terms. From six dimensional results we determine superalgebras of five and four dimensional SYM by dimensional reduction. In five dimensional superalgebra the Kaluza-Klein momentum and the instanton particle charge are not the same but algebraically indistin...
Three dimensional lattice gravity as supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory
Catterall, Simon
2010-01-01
We argue that a certain twisted supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in three dimensions with gauge group SU(2) possesses a set of topological observables whose expectation values can be computed in a related Chern Simons theory. This Chern Simons theory has been proposed as a definition of three dimensional Euclidean quantum gravity. Since the YM theory admits a discretization which preserves the values of topological observables we conjecture that it can be used as a non-perturbative definition...
Quantum theory of massive Yang-Mills fields, 3
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The renormalizable structure of a massive Yang-Mills field theory proposed previously is revealed in view of nonpolynomial Lagrangian theories. Analytic properties of several relevant superpropagators are elucidated in the sense of distributions. It is shown that these superpropagators exhibit a strong infinity-suppression mechanism making the theory renormalizable. There appears a divergence-free model as a subcase of the present theory. (authors)
Biquaternion Construction of SL(2,C) Yang-Mills Instantons
Lee, Jen-Chi
2015-01-01
We use biquaternion to construct SL(2,C) ADHM Yang-Mills instantons. The solutions contain 16k-6 moduli parameters for the kth homotopy class, and include as a subset the SL(2,C) (M,N) instanton solutions constructed previously. In constrast to the SU(2) instantons, the SL(2,C) instantons inhereit jumping lines or singulariries which are not gauge artifacts and can not be gauged away.
Dynamical CP violation of the generalized Yang-Mills model
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG Dian-Fu; SUN Xiao-Yu; CHANG Xiao-Jing
2011-01-01
Starting from the generalized Yang-Mills model which contains, besides the vector part Vμ, also a scalar part S and a pseudoscalar part P. It is shown, in terms of the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) mechanism,that CP violation can be realized dynamically. The combination of the generalized Yang-MiUs model and the NJL mechanism provides a new way to explain CP violation.
Equivalence of twistor prescriptions for super Yang-Mills
Gukov, S; Neitzke, A; Gukov, Sergei; Motl, Lubos; Neitzke, Andrew
2004-01-01
There is evidence that one can compute tree level super Yang-Mills amplitudes using either connected or completely disconnected curves in twistor space. We argue that the two computations are equivalent, by showing that they can both be reduced to the same integral over a moduli space of singular curves, if the integration contours are chosen in a specific way. We also formulate a class of new "intermediate" prescriptions to calculate the same amplitudes.
Equivalence of twistor prescriptions for super Yang-Mills
Gukov , Sergei; Motl, Lubos; Neitzke, Andrew
2007-01-01
There is evidence that one can compute tree-level super Yang-Mills amplitudes using either connected or completely disconnected curves in twistor space. We give a partial explanation of the equivalence between the two computations, by showing that they could both be reduced to the same integral over a moduli space of singular curves, subject to some assumptions about the choices of integration contours. We also formulate a class of new “intermediate” prescriptions to calculate the same amplit...
Local BRST cohomology in Einstein-Yang-Mills theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We analyse in detail the local BRST cohomology in Einstein-Yang-Mills theory using the antifield formalism. We do not restrict the Lagrangian to be the sum of the standard Hilbert and Yang-Mills Lagrangians, but allow for more general diffeomorphism and gauge invariant (normal) actions. The analysis is carried out in spacetimes with IRn topology, for all spacetime dimensions strictly larger than 2 and for all ghost numbers. This covers the classification of all candidate anomalies, of all consistent deformations of the action, as well as the computation of the (equivariant) characteristic cohomology, i.e. the cohomology of the spacetime exterior derivative in the space of (gauge invariant) local differential forms modulo forms that vanish on-shell. We show in particular that for a semi-simple Yang-Mills gauge group the antifield dependence can be entirely removed both from the consistent deformations of the Lagrangian and from the candidate anomalies. Thus, the allowed deformations of the action necessarily preserve the gauge structure, while the only candidate anomalies are those provided by previous works not dealing with antifields, and by ''topological'' candidate anomalies related to the non-triviality of the manifold of the gravitational variables. This result no longer holds in presence of abelian factors where new candidate anomalies and deformations of the action can be constructed out of the conserved Noether currents (if any). The Noether currents themselves are shown to be covariantizable, i.e. they can be chosen to be invariant under local Lorentz and Yang-Mills transformations and covariant under diffeomorphisms, with a few exceptions discussed as well. (orig.)
Slavnov determinants, Yang-Mills structure constants, and discrete KP
Foda, O.; Wheeler, M.
2012-01-01
Using Slavnov's scalar product of a Bethe eigenstate and a generic state in closed XXZ spin-1/2 chains, with possibly twisted boundary conditions, we obtain determinant expressions for tree-level structure constants in 1-loop conformally-invariant sectors in various planar (super) Yang-Mills theories. When certain rapidity variables are allowed to be free rather than satisfy Bethe equations, these determinants become discrete KP tau-functions.
New Relations for Einstein-Yang-Mills Amplitudes
Stieberger, Stephan
2016-01-01
We obtain new relations between Einstein-Yang-Mills (EYM) amplitudes involving N gauge bosons plus a single graviton and pure Yang-Mills amplitudes involving N gauge bosons plus one additional vector boson inserted in a way typical for a gauge boson of a "spectator" group commuting with the group associated to original N gauge bosons. We show that such EYM amplitudes satisfy U(1) decoupling relations similar to Kleiss-Kuijf relations for Yang-Mills amplitudes. We consider a D-brane embedding of EYM amplitudes in the framework of disk amplitudes involving open and closed strings. A new set of monodromy relations is derived for mixed open-closed amplitudes with one closed string inserted on the disk world-sheet and a number of open strings at the boundary. These relations allow expressing the latter in terms of pure open string amplitudes and, in the field-theory limit, they yield the U(1) decoupling relations for EYM amplitudes.
Conrady, F
2006-01-01
In this series of three papers, we generalize the derivation of photons and monopoles by Polyakov and Banks, Myerson and Kogut, to obtain gluon-monpole representations of SU(2) lattice gauge theory. The papers take three different representations as their starting points: the representation as a BF Yang-Mills theory, the spin foam representation and the plaquette representation. The subsequent derivations are based on semiclassical expansions. In this first article, we cast d-dimensional SU(2) lattice gauge theory in the form of a lattice BF Yang-Mills theory. In several steps, the expectation value of a Wilson loop is transformed into a path integral over a gluon field and monopole-like degrees of freedom. The action contains the tree-level Coulomb interaction and a nonlinear coupling between gluons, monopoles and current. At the end, we compare the results from all three papers.
Path integral measure factorization in path integrals for diffusion of Yang--Mills fields
Storchak, S. N.
2007-01-01
Factorization of the (formal) path integral measure in a Wiener path integrals for Yang--Mills diffusion is studied. Using the nonlinear filtering stochastic differential equation, we perform the transformation of the path integral defined on a total space of the Yang--Mills principal fiber bundle and come to the reduced path integral on a Coulomb gauge surface. Integral relation between the path integral representing the "quantum" evolution given on the original manifold of Yang--Mills field...
Relations for Einstein-Yang-Mills amplitudes from the CHY representation
de la Cruz, Leonardo; Weinzierl, Stefan
2016-01-01
We show that a recently discovered relation, which expresses tree-level single trace Einstein-Yang-Mills amplitudes with one graviton and $(n-1)$ gauge bosons as a linear combination of pure Yang-Mills tree amplitudes with $n$ gauge bosons, can be derived from the CHY representation. In addition we show that there is a generalisation, which expresses tree-level single trace Einstein-Yang-Mills amplitudes with $r$ gravitons and $(n-r)$ gauge bosons as a linear combination of pure Yang-Mills tree amplitudes with $n$ gauge bosons. We present a general formula for this case.
Picard-Fuchs Ordinary Differential Systems in $N = 2$ Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Theories
Ohta, Y
1999-01-01
In general, Picard-Fuchs systems in N=2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories are realized as a set of simultaneous partial differential equations. However, if the QCD scale parameter is used as unique independent variable instead of moduli, the resulting Picard-Fuchs systems are represented by a single ordinary differential equation (ODE) whose order coincides with the total number of independent periods. This paper discusses some properties of these Picard-Fuchs ODEs. In contrast with the usual Picard-Fuchs systems written in terms of moduli derivatives, there exists a Wronskian for this ordinary differential system and this Wronskian produces a new relation among periods, moduli and QCD scale parameter, which in the case of SU(2) is reminiscent of scaling relation of prepotential. On the other hand, in the case of the SU(3) theory, there are two kinds of ordinary differential equations, one of which is the equation directly constructed from periods and the other is derived from the SU(3) Picard-Fuchs equation...
Supersymmetry Algebra in Super Yang-Mills Theories
Yokoyama, Shuichi
2015-01-01
We compute supersymmetry algebra (superalgebra) in supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories (SYM) consisting of a vector multiplet including fermionic contribution in six dimensions. We show that the contribution of fermion is given by boundary terms. From six dimensional results we determine superalgebras of five and four dimensional SYM by dimensional reduction. In five dimensional superalgebra the Kaluza-Klein momentum and the instanton particle charge are not the same but algebraically indistinguishable. We also extend this calculation including a hyper multiplet and for maximally SYM. We derive extended supersymmetry algebras in those four dimensional SYM with the holomorphic coupling constant given in hep-th/9408099.
Branes from Moyal Deformation Quantization of Generalized Yang Mills Theories
Castro, C
1999-01-01
It is shown that a Moyal deformation quantization of the SO(4k) Generalized Yang-Mills (GYM) theory action in D=4k dimensions, for spacetime independent field configurations, in the $\\hbar \\to 0$ limit, yields the Dolan-Tchrakian p-brane action after fixing the conformal and world volume reparametrization invariance, associated with the p-brane world volume dimension p+1=4k, embedded in a D=4k target spacetime background. The gauge fields/target spacetime coordinates correspondence is required but no large N limit is necessary.
Integrability in N=4 super Yang-Mills theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Eden, B. [ITF and Spinoza Institute, University of Utrecht, Minnaertgebouw, Leuvenlaan 4, 3584 CE Utrecht (Netherlands)
2008-10-15
We use the Bethe ansatz to calculate the cusp anomalous dimension in planar N=4 super Yang-Mills theory as an exact function of the coupling constant. The calculation allows us to fix the remaining ambiguities in the integrable system describing the spectrum of operators/string energy levels in the AdS/CFT correspondence. The cusp anomalous dimension is not affected by finite size effects, which in general remain ill-understood. We suggest a method for computing the lowest example of an anomalous dimension modified by such corrections.
On the Holography of Free Yang-Mills
Bae, Jin-Beom; Lal, Shailesh
2016-01-01
We study the AdS$_5$/CFT$_4$ duality where the boundary CFT is free Yang-Mills theory with gauge group SU(N). At the planar level we use the spectrum and correlation functions of the boundary theory to explicate features of the bulk theory. Further, by computing the one-loop partition function of the bulk theory using the methods of arXiv:1603.05387, we argue that the bulk coupling constant should be shifted to $N^2$ from $N^2-1$. Similar conclusions are reached by studying the dualities in thermal AdS$_5$ with $S^1\\times S^3$ boundary.
Yang-Mills Theories at High-Energy Accelerators
Sterman, George
2016-01-01
I'll begin with a brief review of the triumph of Yang-Mills theory at particle accelerators, a development that began some years after their historic paper. This story reached a culmination, or at least local extremum, with the discovery at the Large Hadron Collider of a Higgs-like scalar boson in 2012. The talk then proceeds to a slightly more technical level, discussing how we derive predictions from the gauge field theories of the Standard Model and its extensions for use at high energy accelerators.
Width of the confining string in Yang-Mills theory.
Gliozzi, F; Pepe, M; Wiese, U-J
2010-06-11
We investigate the transverse fluctuations of the confining string connecting two static quarks in (2+1)D SU(2) Yang-Mills theory using Monte Carlo calculations. The exponentially suppressed signal is extracted from the large noise by a very efficient multilevel algorithm. The resulting width of the string increases logarithmically with the distance between the static quark charges. Corrections at intermediate distances due to universal higher-order terms in the effective string action are calculated analytically. They accurately fit the numerical data.
N=1 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory on the lattice
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Piemonte, Stefano
2015-04-08
Supersymmetry (SUSY) relates two classes of particles of our universe, bosons and fermions. SUSY is considered nowadays a fundamental development to explain many open questions about high energy physics. The N=1 super Yang-Mills (SYM) theory is a SUSY model that describes the interaction between gluons and their fermion superpartners called ''gluinos''. Monte Carlo simulations on the lattice are a powerful tool to explore the non-perturbative dynamics of this theory and to understand how supersymmetry emerges at low energy. This thesis presents new results and new simulations about the properties of N=1 SYM, in particular about the phase diagram at finite temperature.
Polyakov Lines in Yang-Mills Matrix Models
Austing, P; Wheater, J F; Austing, Peter; Vernizzi, Graziano; Wheater, John F.
2003-01-01
We study the Polyakov line in Yang-Mills matrix models, which include the IKKT model of IIB string theory. For the gauge group SU(2) we give the exact formulae in the form of integral representations which are convenient for finding the asymptotic behaviour. For the SU(N) bosonic models we prove upper bounds which decay as a power law at large momentum p. We argue that these capture the full asymptotic behaviour. We also indicate how to extend the results to some correlation functions of Polyakov lines.
Maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills on the lattice
Schaich, David
2015-01-01
We summarize recent progress in lattice studies of four-dimensional N=4 supersymmetric Yang--Mills theory and present preliminary results from ongoing investigations. Our work is based on a construction that exactly preserves a single supersymmetry at non-zero lattice spacing, and we review a new procedure to regulate flat directions by modifying the moduli equations in a manner compatible with this supersymmetry. This procedure defines an improved lattice action that we have begun to use in numerical calculations. We discuss some highlights of these investigations, including the static potential and an update on the question of a possible sign problem in the lattice theory.
N=1 Supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory on the lattice
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The N=1 Super Yang-Mills theory is the supersymmetric extension of the pure gauge sector of QCD. The theory describes the strong interactions between gluons and gluinos, the gauge bosons and their fermion superpartners respectively. Effective models have been proposed to describe the bound spectrum of the theory. The expectation value of many observables can be computed exactly, providing important predictions that can be eventually extended to QCD. Lattice investigations can provide a closer insight to these results, but unfortunately a finite lattice spacing breaks SUSY explicitly. Recent results demonstrate the restoration of SUSY in the continuum limit and will be presented during the talk.
The Hilbert series of 3d N=2 Yang-Mills theories with vectorlike matter
Cremonesi, Stefano
2015-01-01
This paper presents a formula for the Hilbert series that counts gauge invariant chiral operators in 3d N=2 Yang-Mills theories with vectorlike matter and no Chern-Simons interactions. The formula counts 't Hooft monopole operators dressed by gauge invariants of a residual gauge theory of massless fields in the monopole background, which is determined by the Higgs mechanism. The sum over magnetic charges is restricted due to instanton effects that partially lift the classical Coulomb branch. The formalism is applied to unitary and symplectic gauge theories with fundamental matter, reproducing old results for the moduli space of vacua and the chiral ring, without resorting to any further effective superpotential on the moduli space.
Extremal curves in 2+1-dimensional Yang-Mills theory
Orland, P; Orland, Peter; Semenoff, Gordon W.
2000-01-01
We examine the structure of the potential energy of 2+1-dimensional Yang-Mills theory on a torus with gauge group SU(2). We use a standard definition of distance on the space of gauge orbits. The curves of extremal potential energy in orbit space satisfy a certain partial differential equation. We argue that the energy spectrum is gapped because the extremal curves are of finite length. Though classical gluon waves satisfy our differential equation, they are not extremal curves. We construct examples of extremal curves and find how the length of these curves depends on the dimensions of the torus. The intersections with the Gribov horizon are determined explicitly. The results are discussed in the context of Feynman's ideas about the origin of the mass gap.
Yang-Mills correlators across the deconfinement phase transition
Reinosa, U; Tissier, M; Tresmontant, A
2016-01-01
We compute the finite temperature ghost and gluon propagators of Yang-Mills theory in the Landau-DeWitt gauge. The background field that enters the definition of the latter is intimately related with the (gauge-invariant) Polyakov loop and serves as an equivalent order parameter for the deconfinement transition. We use an effective gauge-fixed description where the nonperturbative infrared dynamics of the theory is parametrized by a gluon mass which, as argued elsewhere, may originate from the Gribov ambiguity. In this scheme, one can perform consistent perturbative calculations down to infrared momenta, which have been shown to correctly describe the phase diagram of Yang-Mills theories in four dimensions as well as the zero-temperature correlators computed in lattice simulations. In this article, we provide the one-loop expressions of the finite temperature Landau-DeWitt ghost and gluon propagators for a large class of gauge groups and present explicit results for the SU(2) case. These are substantially dif...
Effective Lagrangian of SU(2) Yang-Mills Theory in the Presence of Fermions
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
FAN Ji-Yang; JIANG Ying; ZHU Zhong-Yuan
2002-01-01
We derive the one-loop effective action of SU(2) Yang Mills theory in the presence of fermions in the lowenergy limit. This result is presented by separating the topological degrees, which describe the non-Abelian monopolesfrom the dynamical degrees of the gauge potential and integrate out all the dynamical degrees and fermions in SU(2)Yang-Mills theory.
A Static Solution of Yang-Mills Equation on Anti-de Sitter Space
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CHEN Li; REN Xin-An
2009-01-01
Since product metric on AdS space has played a very important role in Lorentz version of AdS/CFT correspondence, the Yang-Mills equation on AdS space with this metric is considered and a static solution is obtained in this paper, which helps to understand the AdS/CFT correspondence of Yang-Mills fields.
Light Dilaton at Fixed Points and Ultra Light Scale Super Yang Mills
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Antipin, Oleg; Mojaza, Matin; Sannino, Francesco
2012-01-01
of pure supersymmetric Yang-Mills. We can therefore determine the exact nonperturbative fermion condensate and deduce relevant properties of the nonperturbative spectrum of the theory. We also show that the intrinsic scale of super Yang-Mills is exponentially smaller than the scale associated...
Should $E_8$ SUSY Yang-Mills be Reconsidered as a Family Unification Model?
Adler, Stephen L.
2002-01-01
We review earlier proposals for $E_8$ family unification, and discuss why recent work of Kovner and Shifman on condensates in supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories suggests the reconsideration of $E_8$ supersymmetric Yang-Mills as a family unification theory.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Buisseret, F., E-mail: fabien.buisseret@umons.ac.be [Service de Physique Nucleaire et Subnucleaire, Universite de Mons-UMONS, Academie universitaire Wallonie-Bruxelles, Place du Parc 20, B-7000 Mons (Belgium); Haute Ecole Louvain en Hainaut (HELHa), Chaussee de Binche 159, B-7000 Mons (Belgium); Lacroix, G., E-mail: gwendolyn.lacroix@umons.ac.be [Service de Physique Nucleaire et Subnucleaire, Universite de Mons-UMONS, Academie universitaire Wallonie-Bruxelles, Place du Parc 20, B-7000 Mons (Belgium)
2011-11-17
We discuss the dependence of pure Yang-Mills equation of state on the choice of gauge algebra. In the confined phase, we generalize to an arbitrary simple gauge algebra Meyer's proposal of modeling the Yang-Mills matter by an ideal glueball gas in which the high-lying glueball spectrum is approximated by a Hagedorn spectrum of closed-bosonic-string type. Such a formalism is undefined above the Hagedorn temperature, corresponding to the phase transition toward a deconfined state of matter in which gluons are the relevant degrees of freedom. Under the assumption that the renormalization scale of the running coupling is gauge-algebra independent, we discuss about how the behavior of thermodynamical quantities such as the trace anomaly should depend on the gauge algebra in both the confined and deconfined phase. The obtained results compare favorably with recent and accurate lattice data in the su(3) case and support the idea that the more the gauge algebra has generators, the more the phase transition is of first-order type.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The framework is weak interactions, interpreted as residual (hypercolor) interactions among composite q,l,Wsup(+-) and Z. An effective Lagrangian Lsub(eff) for ''low energies'' (E 0), 2. local U(1)sub(em)xSU(3)sub(c) gauge invariance and 3. vector boson dominance in the operator form of current-field identities. The result is a massive Yang-Mills Lagrangian with respect to the global group G. Lsub(eff) for q,l,W,Z interactions, basing on G = SU(2)sub(WI) of global weak isospin, turns out to be identical (in its dimension 0 (e.g. G = SU(2)sub(WI)xSU(4)sub(Pati-Salam)) is proposed. This implies the existence of new colored (and uncolored) composite vector bosons and vector dominance in the gluon sector. Lsub(eff) then determines the interactions of these new bosons with quarks and leptons in terms of a few free parameters. Interesting consequences for panti p collider and HERA experiments as well as for precision experiments at low energies emerge. (orig.)
Lifshitz black holes in Einstein-Yang-Mills theory
Devecioglu, Deniz Olgu
2014-01-01
We find that the four dimensional cosmological Einstein-Yang-Mills theory with $SU(2)$ gauge group admits Lifshitz spacetime as a base solution for the dynamical exponent $z>1$. Motivated by this, we next demonstrate numerically that the field equations admit black hole solutions which behave regularly on the horizon and at spatial infinity for different horizon topologies. The solutions depend on one parameter, the strength of the gauge field at the horizon, which is fine-tuned to capture the Lifshitz asymptotics at infinity. We also discuss the behavior of solutions and the change in Hawking temperature for black holes that are large or small with respect to the length scale $L$, which is itself fixed by the value of the cosmological constant.
Three-dimensional super Yang-Mills with unquenched flavor
Faedo, Anton F; Tarrio, Javier
2015-01-01
We construct analytically the gravity duals of three-dimensional, super Yang-Mills-type theories with $\\mathcal N=1$ supersymmetry coupled to $N_f$ quark flavors. The backreaction of the quarks on the color degrees of freedom is included, and corresponds on the gravity side to the backreaction of $N_f$ D6-branes on the background of $N$ D2-branes. The D6-branes are smeared over the compact part of the geometry, which must be a six-dimensional nearly K\\"ahler manifold in order to preserve supersymmetry. For massless quarks, the solutions flow in the IR to an $AdS_4$ fixed point dual to a Chern-Simons-matter theory. For light quarks the theories exhibit quasi-conformal dynamics (walking) at energy scales $m_q \\ll E \\ll \\lambda N_f / N$, with $\\lambda = g_{\\text{YM}}^2 N$ the 't Hooft coupling.
Fluxes, Tadpoles and Holography for N=1 Super Yang Mills
Gómez, C; Resco, P; Gomez, Cesar; Montanez, Sergio; Resco, Pedro
2004-01-01
We study non perturbative superpotentials for N=1 super Yang Mills from the point of view of large $N$ dualities. Starting with open topological strings we work out the relation between the closed string sector dilaton tadpole, which appears in the annulus amplitude, and NSNS fluxes in the closed string dual on the resolved conifold. For the mirror closed string dual version on the deformed conifold we derive, for a non vanishing $G_{3}$ form, the $N$ supersymmetric vacua and the transformations of $G_{3}$ through domain walls. Finally, as an extension of Fischler Susskind mechanism we find a direct relation between the dilaton tadpole and the geometric warping factors induced by the gravitational backreaction of NSNS fluxes.
Yang-Mills theory at non-vanishing temperature
Fister, Leonard
2011-01-01
We compute ghost and gluon propagators of Yang-Mills theory in the Landau gauge at non-vanishing temperature within a functional renormalisation group setting. We construct purely thermal flows, that project onto thermal fluctuations only. For temperatures and momenta above the confinement-deconfinement temperature Tc the electric propagator shows a thermal suppression due to Debye screening. The magnetic gluon propagator shows a thermal scaling and tends towards the three-dimensional one. In this region both propagators match the lattice propagators. The thermal scaling is also reflected in the infrared suppression of the ghost-gluon vertex. For temperatures below Tc the electric propagator shows an enhancement which is in qualitative agreement with the lattice behaviour.
Minding the Gap in N=4 Super-Yang-Mills
DeWolfe, Oliver; Rosen, Christopher
2013-01-01
We analyze fermionic response in the geometry holographically dual to zero-temperature N=4 Super-Yang-Mills theory with two equal nonvanishing chemical potentials, which is characterized by a singular horizon and zero ground state entropy. We show that fermionic fluctuations are completely stable within a gap in energy around a Fermi surface singularity, beyond which non-Fermi liquid behavior returns. This gap disappears abruptly once the final charge is turned on, and is associated to a discontinuity in the corresponding chemical potential. We also show that the singular near-horizon geometry lifts to a smooth AdS_3 x R^3, and interpret the gap as a region where the quasiparticle momentum is spacelike in six dimensions due to the momentum component in the Kaluza-Klein direction, corresponding to the final charge.
Yang-Mills Theory and the ABC Conjecture
He, Yang-Hui; Probst, Malte; Read, James
2016-01-01
We establish a precise correspondence between the ABC Conjecture and N=4 super-Yang-Mills theory. This is achieved by combining three ingredients: (i) Elkies' method of mapping ABC-triples to elliptic curves in his demonstration that ABC implies Mordell/Faltings; (ii) an explicit pair of elliptic curve and associated Belyi map given by Khadjavi-Scharaschkin; and (iii) the fact that the bipartite brane-tiling/dimer model for a gauge theory with toric moduli space is a particular dessin d'enfant in the sense of Grothendieck. We explore this correspondence for the highest quality ABC-triples as well as large samples of random triples. The Conjecture itself is mapped to a statement about the fundamental domain of the toroidal compactification of the string realization of N=4 SYM.
Lifting the Gribov ambiguity in Yang-Mills theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We propose a new one-parameter family of Landau gauges for Yang-Mills theories which can be formulated by means of functional integral methods and are thus well suited for analytic calculations, but which are free of Gribov ambiguities and avoid the Neuberger zero problem of the standard Faddeev-Popov construction. The resulting gauge-fixed theory is perturbatively renormalizable in four dimensions and, for what concerns the calculation of ghost and gauge field correlators, it reduces to a massive extension of the Faddeev-Popov action. We study the renormalization group flow of this theory at one-loop and show that it has no Landau pole in the infrared for some - including physically relevant - range of values of the renormalized parameters.
Linde problem in Yang-Mills theory compactified on $\\mathbb{R}^2 \\times \\mathbb{T}^2$
Fraga, Eduardo S; Noronha, Jorge
2016-01-01
We investigate the perturbative expansion in $SU(3)$ Yang-Mills theory compactified on $\\mathbb{R}^2\\times \\mathbb{T}^2$ where the compact space is a torus $\\mathbb{T}^2= S^1_{\\beta}\\times S^1_{L}$, with $S^1_{\\beta}$ being a thermal circle with period $\\beta=1/T$ ($T$ is the temperature) while $S^1_L$ is a circle with length $L=1/\\Lambda$ where $\\Lambda$ is an energy scale. A Linde-type analysis indicates that perturbative calculations for the pressure in this theory break down already at order $\\mathcal{O}(g^2)$ due to the presence of a non-perturbative scale $\\sim g \\sqrt{T\\Lambda}$. We conjecture that a similar result should hold if the torus is replaced by any compact surface of genus one.
Thermal Yang-Mills theory in the Einstein universe
Avramidi, Ivan G.; Collopy, Samuel
2012-09-01
We study the stability of a non-Abelian chromomagnetic vacuum in Yang-Mills theory in Euclidean Einstein universe S1 × S3. We assume that the gauge group is a simple compact group G containing the group SU(2) as a subgroup and consider static covariantly constant gauge fields on S3 taking values in the adjoint representation of the group G and forming a representation of the group SU(2). We compute the heat kernel for the Laplacian acting on fields on S3 in an arbitrary representation of SU(2) and use this result to compute the heat kernels for the gluon and the ghost operators and the one-loop effective action. We show that the only configuration of the covariantly constant Yang-Mills background that is stable is the one that contains only spinor (fundamental) representations of the group SU(2); all other configurations contain negative modes and are unstable. For the stable configuration we compute the asymptotics of the effective action, the energy density, the entropy and the heat capacity in the limits of low/high temperature and small/large volume and show that the energy density has a non-trivial minimum at a finite value of the radius of the sphere S3. This article is part of a special issue of Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical in honour of Stuart Dowker’s 75th birthday devoted to ‘Applications of zeta functions and other spectral functions in mathematics and physics’.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kneipp, Marco A.C. [Universidade do Estado, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Dept. de Fisica Teorica; Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao de Teoria de Campos e Particulas
2004-12-01
We review some recent developments on BPS string solutions and monopole confinement in the Higgs (or color) superconducting phase of N = 2 and N = 4 super Yang-Mills theories. In particular, the monopole magnetic fluxes are shown to be always integer linear combinations of string fluxes. Moreover, a bound for the threshold length of the string breaking is obtained. When the gauge group SU(N) is broken to Z{sub N}, the BPS string tension satisfies the Casimir scaling law. Furthermore, in the SU(3) case the string solutions are such that they allow the formation of a confining system with three monopoles. (author)
A Generalized Yang-Mills Model and Dynamical Breaking of Gauge Symmetry
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG Dian-Fu; SONG He-Shan
2005-01-01
A generalized Yang-Mills model, which contains, besides the vector part Vμ, also a scalar part S, is constructed and the dynamical breaking of gauge symmetry in the model is also discussed. It is shown, in terms of Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) mechanism, that the gauge symmetry breaking can be realized dynamically in the generalized Yang-Mills model. The combination of the generalized Yang-Mills model and the NJL mechanism provides a way to overcome the difficulties related to the Higgs field and the Higgs mechanism in the usual spontaneous symmetry breaking theory.
Neutrino Oscillation, Finite Self-Mass and General Yang-Mills Symmetry
Hsu, Jong-Ping
2016-01-01
The conservation of lepton number is assumed to be associated with a general Yang-Mills symmetry. New transformations involve (Lorentz) vector gauge functions and characteristic phase functions, and they form a group. General Yang-Mills fields are associated with new fourth-order equations and linear potentials. Lepton self-masses turn out to be finite and proportional to the inverse of lepton masses, which implies that neutrinos should have non-zero masses. Thus, general Yang-Mills symmetry could provide an understanding of neutrino oscillations and suggests that neutrinos with masses and very weak leptonic force may play a role in dark matter.
PP-wave string interactions from perturbative Yang-Mills theory
Constable, Neil R.; Freedman, Daniel Z.; Headrick, Matthew; Minwalla, Shiraz; Motl, Lubos; Postnikov, Alexander; Skiba, Witold
2002-01-01
Recently, Berenstein et al. have proposed a duality between a sector of N=4 super-Yang-Mills theory with large R-charge J, and string theory in a pp-wave background. In the limit considered, the effective 't Hooft coupling has been argued to be lambda'=g_{YM}^2 N/J^2=1/(mu p^+ alpha')^2. We study Yang-Mills theory at small lambda' (large mu) with a view to reproducing string interactions. We demonstrate that the effective genus counting parameter of the Yang-Mills theory is g_2^2=J^4/N^2=(4 p...
Yang-Mills theory in terms of gauge invariant dual variables
Diakonov, D
2002-01-01
Quantum Yang-Mills theory and the Wilson loop can be rewritten identically in terms of local gauge-invariant variables being directly related to the metric of the dual space. In this formulation, one reveals a hidden high local symmetry of the Yang-Mills theory, which mixes up fields with spins up to J=N for the SU(N) gauge group. In the simplest case of the SU(2) group the dual space seems to tend to the de Sitter space in the infrared region. This observation suggests a new mechanism of gauge-invariant mass generation in the Yang-Mills theory.
Black holes in su(N) Einstein-Yang-Mills theory: hair, fur and superconducting horizons
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Winstanley, Elizabeth [School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Sheffield (United Kingdom)
2012-07-01
Black hole solutions of general relativity coupled to an su(N) Yang-Mills gauge field have been studied for over 20 years. In this talk we focus on black holes in Einstein-Yang-Mills theory in four-dimensional, asymptotically anti-de Sitter space, with a negative cosmological constant. We emphasize three aspects of these black holes: (a) the existence of stable black holes in anti-de Sitter space with abundant Yang-Mills hair; (b) how these hairy black holes may be characterized by non-Abelian charges at infinity; (c) planar black holes with superconducting horizons.
Gußmann, Alexander
2016-01-01
The existence of classical solutions of the Einstein-Yang-Mills-Higgs equations describing black holes inside 't Hooft-Polyakov magnetic monopoles implies that not all stationary magnetically charged black holes can be uniquely described by their asymptotic characteristics. In fact, in a certain domain of parameters, there exist different spherically-symmetric, non-rotating and asymptotically-flat classical black hole solutions of the Einstein-Yang-Mills-Higgs equations which have the same ADM mass and the same magnetic charge but significantly different geometries in the near-horizon regions. (These are black hole solutions which are described by a Reissner-Nordstr\\"om metric on the one hand and the "magnetic monopole black hole solutions" which can be interpreted as black holes inside 't Hooft-Polyakov magnetic monopoles described by a metric which is not of Reissner-Nordstr\\"om form on the other hand.) One can experimentally distinguish such black holes with same asymptotic characteristics but different ne...
Study of entropy production in Yang-Mills theory with use of Husimi function
Tsukiji, Hidekazu; Kunihiro, Teiji; Ohnishi, Akira; Takahashi, Toru T
2015-01-01
Understanding the thermalization process in a pure quantum system is a challenge in theoretical physics. In this work, we explore possible thermalization mechanism in Yang-Mills(YM) theory by using a positive semi-definite quantum distribution function called a Husimi function which is given by a coarse graining of the Wigner function within the minimum uncertainty. Then entropy is defined in terms of the Husimi function, which is called the Husimi-Wehrl(HW) entropy. We propose two numerical methods to calculate the HW entropy. We find that it is feasible to apply the semi-classical approximation with the use of classical YM equation. It should be noted that the semi-classical approximation is valid in the systems of physical interest including the early stage of heavy-ion collisions. Using a product ansatz for the Husimi function, which is confirmed to reproduce the HW entropy within 20% error (overestimate) for a few-body quantum system, we succeed in a numerical evaluation of HW entropy of YM fields and sh...
Cosmological Co-evolution of Yang-Mills Fields and Perfect Fluids
Barrow, J D; Maeda, K; Barrow, John D.; Jin, Yoshida; Maeda, Kei-ichi
2005-01-01
We study the co-evolution of Yang-Mills fields and perfect fluids in Bianchi type I universes. We investigate numerically the evolution of the universe and the Yang-Mills fields during the radiation and dust eras of a universe that is almost isotropic. The Yang-Mills field undergoes small amplitude chaotic oscillations, as do the three expansion scale factors which are also displayed by the expansion scale factors of the universe. The results of the numerical simulations are interpreted analytically and compared with past studies of the cosmological evolution of magnetic fields in radiation and dust universes. We find that, whereas magnetic universes are strongly constrained by the microwave background anisotropy, Yang-Mills universes are principally constrained by primordial nucleosynthesis and the bound is comparatively weak, and Omega_YM < 0.105 Omega_rad.
A U(4) QCD Model Using Generalized Yang-Mills Theory
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG Dian-Fu; ZHONG Hai-Yang
2008-01-01
Generalized Yang-Mills theory has a covariant derivative which contains both vector and pseudoscalar gauge bosons.Based on this theory,we construct a U(4) strong interaction model By using this U(4) generalized Yang-Mills model,we obtain that mesons can be realized as the colorless pseudoscalar gauge bosons.We also obtain a gauge potential solution which can be used to explain the asymptotic behavior and color confinement.
Topological Quantization of Instantons in SU(2) Yang-Mills Theory
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHONG Wo-Jun; DUAN Yi-Shi
2008-01-01
By decomposing SU(2) gauge potential in four-dimensional Euclidean SU(2) Yang-Mills theory in a new way,we find that the instanton number related to the isospin defects of a doublet order parameter can be topologically quantized by the Hopf index and Brouwer degree.It is also shown that the instanton number is just the sum of the topological charges of the isospin defects in the non-trivial sector of Yang-Mills theory.
A Unified Field Theory of Gravity, Electromagnetism, and the Yang-Mills Gauge Field
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Suhendro I.
2008-01-01
Full Text Available In this work, we attempt at constructing a comprehensive four-dimensional unified field theory of gravity, electromagnetism, and the non-Abelian Yang-Mills gauge field in which the gravitational, electromagnetic, and material spin fields are unified as intrinsic geometric objects of the space-time manifold S4 via the connection, with the general- ized non-Abelian Yang-Mills gauge field appearing in particular as a sub-field of the geometrized electromagnetic interaction.
Effective potential for the order parameter of the SU(2) Yang-Mills deconfinement transition
Engelhardt, Michael; Reinhardt, Hugo
1997-01-01
The Polyakov loop variable serves as an order parameter to characterize the confined and deconfined phases of Yang-Mills theory. By integrating out the vector fields in the SU(2) Yang-Mills partition function in one-loop approximation, an effective action is obtained for the Polyakov loop to second order in a derivative expansion. The resulting effective potential for the Polyakov loop is capable of describing a second-order deconfinement transition as a function of temperature.
Kinetic energy for the nuclear Yang-Mills collective model
Rosensteel, George; Sparks, Nick
2015-10-01
The Bohr-Mottelson-Frankfurt model of nuclear rotations and quadrupole vibrations is a foundational model in nuclear structure physics. The model, also called the geometrical collective model or simply GCM, has two hidden mathematical structures, one Lie group theoretic and the other differential geometric. Although the group structure has been understood for some time, the geometric structure is a new unexplored feature that shares the same mathematical origin as Yang-Mills, viz., a vector bundle with a non-abelian structure group and a connection. Using the de Rham Laplacian ▵ = * d * d from differential geometry for the kinetic energy extends significantly the physical scope of the GCM model. This Laplacian contains a ``magnetic'' term due to the coupling between base manifold rotational and fiber vorticity degrees of freedom. When the connection specializes to irrotational flow, the Laplacian reduces to the Bohr-Mottelson kinetic energy operator. More generally, the connection yields a moment of inertia that is intermediate between the extremes of irrotational flow and rigid body motion.
Matrix models for 5d super Yang-Mills
Minahan, Joseph A
2016-01-01
In this contribution to the review on localization in gauge theories we investigate the matrix models derived from localizing N=1 super Yang-Mills on S^5. We consider the large-N limit and attempt to solve the matrix model by a saddle-point approximation. In general it is not possible to find an analytic solution, but at the weak and the strong limits of the 't Hooft coupling there are dramatic simplifications that allows us to extract most of the interesting information. At weak coupling we show that the matrix model is close to the Gaussian matrix model and that the free-energy scales as N^2. At strong coupling we show that if the theory contains one adjoint hypermultiplet then the free-energy scales as N^3. We also find the expectation value of a supersymmetric Wilson loop that wraps the equator. We demonstrate how to extract the effective couplings and reproduce results of Seiberg. Finally, we compare to results for the six-dimensional (2,0) theory derived using the AdS/CFT correspondence. We show that by...
Isotropy theorem for cosmological Yang-Mills theories
Cembranos, J A R; Jareño, S J Núñez
2012-01-01
We consider homogeneous non-abelian vector fields with general potential terms in an expanding universe. We find a mechanical analogy with a system of N interacting particles (with N the dimension of the gauge group) moving in three dimensions under the action of a central potential. In the case of bounded and rapid evolution compared to the rate of expansion, we show by making use of a generalization of the virial theorem that for arbitrary potential and polarization pattern, the average energy-momentum tensor is always diagonal and isotropic despite the intrinsic anisotropic evolution of the vector field. We consider also the case in which a gauge-fixing term is introduced in the action and show that the average equation of state does not depend on such a term. Finally, we extend the results to arbitrary background geometries and show that the average energy-momentum tensor of a rapidly evolving Yang-Mills fields is always isotropic and has the perfect fluid form for any locally inertial observer.
Volume dependence in 2+1 Yang-Mills theory
Perez, Margarita Garcia; Okawa, Masanori
2012-01-01
We present the results of an analysis of a 2+1 dimensional pure SU(N) Yang-Mills theory formulated on a 2-dimensional spatial torus with non-trivial magnetic flux. We focus on investigating the dependence of the electric-flux spectrum, extracted from Polyakov loop correlators, with the spatial size l, the number of colours N, and the magnetic flux m. The size of the torus acts a parameter that allows to control the onset of non-perturbative effects. In the small volume regime, where perturbation theory holds, we derive the one-loop self-energy correction to the single-gluon spectrum, for arbitrary N and m. We discuss the transition from small to large volumes that has been investigated by means of Monte-Carlo simulations. We argue that the energy of electric flux e, for the lowest gluon momentum, depends solely on e/N and on the dimensionless variable x=lambda N l, with lambda the 't Hooft coupling. The variable x can be interpreted as the dimensionless 't Hooft coupling for an effective box size given by Nl....
Magnetic Monopoles in the Einstein-Yang-Mills-Higgs System
Viet, N A; Viet, Nguyen Ai; Wali, Kameshwar C.
1995-01-01
We study the Yang-Mills-Higgs system within the framework of general relativity. In the static situation, using Bogomol'nyi type analysis, we derive a positive-definite energy functional which has a lower bound. Specializing to the gauge group $SU(2)$ and the t'Hooft-Polyakov ansatz for the gauge and Higgs fields, we seek static, spherically symmetric solutions to the coupled system of equations in both the isotropic and standard coordinate systems. In both cases, in the spontaneously broken symmetry situation, we find great simplications reducing the solutions of the coupled system to the solution of a single non-linear differential equation, different one in each case, but well-known in other contexts of physics. We find abelian and non-abelian monopole solutions with gravitational fields playing the role of Higgs fields in providing attraction that balances the repulsion due to the gauge fields. Numerical solutions indicate the possibility of blackhole horizons inside the monopoles enclosing the singularit...
N=1 supersymmetric yang-mills theory in Ito Calculus
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The stochastic quantization method is applied to N = 1 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory, in particular in 4 and 10 dimensions. In the 4 dimensional case, based on Ito calculus, the Langevin equation is formulated in terms of the superfield formalism. The stochastic process manifestly preserves both the global N = 1 supersymmetry and the local gauge symmetry. The expectation values of the local gauge invariant observables in SYM4 are reproduced in the equilibrium limit. In the superfield formalism, it is impossible in SQM to choose the so-called Wess-Zumino gauge in such a way to gauge away the auxiliary component fields in the vector multiplet, while it is shown that the time development of the auxiliary component fields is determined by the Langevin equations for the physical component fields of the vector multiplet in an ''almost Wess-Zumino gauge''. The physical component expressions of the superfield Langevin equation are naturally extended to the 10 dimensional case, where the spinor field is Majorana-Weyl. By taking a naive zero volume limit of the SYM10, the IIB matrix model is studied in this context. (author)
Wilson loops in N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Perturbative computations of the expectation value of the Wilson loop in N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory are reported. For the two special cases of a circular loop and a pair of antiparallel lines, it is shown that the sum of an infinite class of ladder-like planar diagrams, when extrapolated to strong coupling, produces an expectation value characteristic of the results of the AdS/CFT correspondence, ∼exp((constant)√g2N). For the case of the circular loop, the sum is obtained analytically for all values of the coupling. In this case, the constant factor in front of √g2N also agrees with the supergravity results. We speculate that the sum of diagrams without internal vertices is exact for the circular loop and support this conjecture by showing that the leading corrections to the ladder diagrams cancel identically in four dimensions. We also show that, for arbitrary smooth loops, the ultraviolet divergences cancel to order g4N2
Doubled lattice Chern-Simons-Yang-Mills theories with discrete gauge group
Caspar, S.; Mesterházy, D.; Olesen, T. Z.; Vlasii, N. D.; Wiese, U.-J.
2016-11-01
We construct doubled lattice Chern-Simons-Yang-Mills theories with discrete gauge group G in the Hamiltonian formulation. Here, these theories are considered on a square spatial lattice and the fundamental degrees of freedom are defined on pairs of links from the direct lattice and its dual, respectively. This provides a natural lattice construction for topologically-massive gauge theories, which are invariant under parity and time-reversal symmetry. After defining the building blocks of the doubled theories, paying special attention to the realization of gauge transformations on quantum states, we examine the dynamics in the group space of a single cross, which is spanned by a single link and its dual. The dynamics is governed by the single-cross electric Hamiltonian and admits a simple quantum mechanical analogy to the problem of a charged particle moving on a discrete space affected by an abstract electromagnetic potential. Such a particle might accumulate a phase shift equivalent to an Aharonov-Bohm phase, which is manifested in the doubled theory in terms of a nontrivial ground-state degeneracy on a single cross. We discuss several examples of these doubled theories with different gauge groups including the cyclic group Z(k) ⊂ U(1) , the symmetric group S3 ⊂ O(2) , the binary dihedral (or quaternion) group D¯2 ⊂ SU(2) , and the finite group Δ(27) ⊂ SU(3) . In each case the spectrum of the single-cross electric Hamiltonian is determined exactly. We examine the nature of the low-lying excited states in the full Hilbert space, and emphasize the role of the center symmetry for the confinement of charges. Whether the investigated doubled models admit a non-Abelian topological state which allows for fault-tolerant quantum computation will be addressed in a future publication.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG Dian-Fu; SUN Xiao-Yu; CHANG Xiao-Jing
2011-01-01
Starting from the generalized Yang-Mills model which contains, besides the vector part Vμ, also a scalar part S and a pseudoscalar part P. It is shown, in terms of the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio （NJL） mechanism, that CP violation can be realized dynamically. The
Entropy production from chaoticity in Yang-Mills field theory with use of the Husimi function
Tsukiji, Hidekazu; Kunihiro, Teiji; Ohnishi, Akira; Takahashi, Toru T
2016-01-01
We investigate possible entropy production in Yang-Mills (YM) field theory by using a quantum distribution function called Husimi function $f_{\\rm H}(A, E, t)$ for YM field, which is given by a coarse graining of Wigner function and non-negative. We calculate the Husimi-Wehrl (HW) entropy $S_{\\rm HW}(t)=-{\\rm Tr}f_H \\log f_H$ defined as an integral over the phase-space, for which two adaptations of the test-particle method are used combined with Monte-Carlo method. We utilize the semiclassical approximation to obtain the time evolution of the distribution functions of the YM field, which is known to show a chaotic behavior in the classical limit. We also make a simplification of the multi-dimensional phase-space integrals by making a product ansatz for the Husimi function, which is found to give a 10-20 per cent over estimate of the HW entropy for a quantum system with a few degrees of freedom. We show that the quantum YM theory does exhibit the entropy production, and that the entropy production rate agrees ...
Spatial volume dependence for 2+1 dimensional SU(N) Yang-Mills theory
Pérez, Margarita García; González-Arroyo, Antonio; Okawa, Masanori
2013-09-01
We study the 2+1 dimensional SU(N) Yang-Mills theory on a finite two-torus with twisted boundary conditions. Our goal is to study the interplay between the rank of the group N , the length of the torus L and the Z N magnetic flux. After presenting the classical and quantum formalism, we analyze the spectrum of the theory using perturbation theory to one-loop and using Monte Carlo techniques on the lattice. In perturbation theory, results to all orders depend on the combination x = λ N L and an angle defined in terms of the magnetic flux (λ is `t Hooft coupling). Thus, fixing the angle, the system exhibits a form of volume independence ( N L dependence). The numerical results interpolate between our perturbative calculations and the confinement regime. They are consistent with x-scaling and provide interesting information about the k-string spectrum and effective string theories. The occurrence of tachyonic instabilities is also analysed. They seem to be avoidable in the large N limit with a suitable scaling of the magnetic flux.
Spatial volume dependence for 2+1 dimensional SU(N) Yang-Mills theory
Pérez, Margarita García; Okawa, Masanori
2013-01-01
We study the 2+1 dimensional SU(N) Yang-Mills theory on a finite two-torus with twisted boundary conditions. Our goal is to study the interplay between the rank of the group N, the length of the torus L and the Z_N magnetic flux. After presenting the classical and quantum formalism, we analyze the spectrum of the theory using perturbation theory to one-loop and using Monte Carlo techniques on the lattice. In perturbation theory, results to all orders depend on the combination x=\\lambda NL and an angle defined in terms of the magnetic flux (\\lambda\\ is 't Hooft coupling). Thus, fixing the angle, the system exhibits a form of volume independence (NL dependence). The numerical results interpolate between our perturbative calculations and the confinement regime. They are consistent with x-scaling and provide interesting information about the k-string spectrum and effective string theories. The occurrence of tachyonic instabilities is also analysed. They seem to be avoidable in the large N limit with a suitable sc...
Quantum Vacua of 2d Maximally Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Theory
Koloğlu, Murat
2016-01-01
We analyze the classical and quantum vacua of 2d $\\mathcal{N}=(8,8)$ supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory with $SU(N)$ and $U(N)$ gauge group, describing the worldvolume interactions of $N$ parallel D1-branes with flat transverse directions $\\mathbb{R}^8$. We claim that the IR limit of the $SU(N)$ theory in the superselection sector labeled $M \\pmod{N}$ --- identified with the internal dynamics of $(M,N)$-string bound states of Type IIB string theory --- is described by the symmetric orbifold $\\mathcal{N}=(8,8)$ sigma model into $(\\mathbb{R}^8)^{D-1}/\\mathbb{S}_D$ when $D=\\gcd(M,N)>1$, and by a single massive vacuum when $D=1$, generalizing the conjectures of E. Witten and others. The full worldvolume theory of the D1-branes is the $U(N)$ theory with an additional $U(1)$ 2-form gauge field $B$ coming from the string theory Kalb-Ramond field. This $U(N)+B$ theory has generalized field configurations, labeled by the $\\mathbb{Z}$-valued generalized electric flux and an independent $\\mathbb{Z}_N$-valued 't Hooft flux...
A quantization of twistor Yang-Mills theory through the background field method
Boels, R
2007-01-01
Four dimensional Yang-Mills theory formulated through an action on twistor space has a larger gauge symmetry than the usual formulation, which in previous work was shown to allow a simple gauge transformation between text-book perturbation theory and the Cachazo-Svrcek-Witten rules. In this paper we study non-supersymmetric twistor Yang-Mills theory at loop level using the background field method. For an appropriate partial quantum field gauge choice it is shown the calculation of the effective action is equivalent to (the twistor lift of) the calculation in ordinary Yang-Mills theory in the Chalmers and Siegel formulation to all orders in perturbation theory. A direct consequence is that the twistor version of Yang-Mills theory is just as renormalizable in this particular gauge. As applications an explicit calculation of the Yang-Mills beta function and some preliminary investigations into using the formalism to calculate S-matrix elements at loop level are presented. In principle the technique described in ...
Gauge-covariant decomposition and magnetic monopole for G (2 ) Yang-Mills field
Matsudo, Ryutaro; Kondo, Kei-Ichi
2016-08-01
We provide a gauge-covariant decomposition of the Yang-Mills field with the exceptional gauge group G (2 ), which extends the field decomposition proposed by Cho, Duan-Ge, and Faddeev-Niemi for the S U (N ) Yang-Mills field. As an application of the decomposition, we derive a new expression of the non-Abelian Stokes theorem for the Wilson loop operator in an arbitrary representation of G (2 ). The resulting new form is used to define gauge-invariant magnetic monopoles in the G (2 ) Yang-Mills theory. Moreover, we obtain the quantization condition to be satisfied by the resulting magnetic charge. The method given in this paper is general enough to be applicable to any semisimple Lie group other than S U (N ) and G (2 ).
Gauge-covariant decomposition and magnetic monopole for G(2) Yang-Mills field
Matsudo, Ryutaro
2016-01-01
We give a gauge-covariant decomposition of the Yang-Mills field with an exceptional gauge group $G(2)$, which extends the field decomposition invented by Cho, Duan-Ge, and Faddeev-Niemi for the $SU(N)$ Yang-Mills field. As an application of the decomposition, we derive a new expression of the non-Abelian Stokes theorem for the Wilson loop operator in an arbitrary representation of $G(2)$. The resulting new form is used to define gauge-invariant magnetic monopoles in the $G(2)$ Yang-Mills theory. Moreover, we obtain the quantization condition to be satisfied by the resulting magnetic charge. The method given in this paper is general enough to be applicable to any semi-simple Lie group other than $SU(N)$ and $G(2)$.
Explicit Derivation of Yang-Mills Self-Dual Solutions on non-Commutative Harmonic Space
Belhaj, A; Sahraoui, E L; Saidi, E H
2001-01-01
We develop the noncommutative harmonic space (NHS) analysis to study the problem of solving the non-linear constraint eqs of noncommutative Yang-Mills self-duality in four-dimensions. We show that this space, denoted also as NHS($\\eta,\\theta$), has two SU(2) isovector deformations $\\eta^{(ij)}$ and $\\theta^{(ij)}$ parametrising respectively two noncommutative harmonic subspaces NHS($\\eta,0$) and NHS($0,\\theta$) used to study the self-dual and anti self-dual noncommutative Yang-Mills solutions. We formulate the Yang-Mills self-dual constraint eqs on NHS($\\eta,0$) by extending the idea of harmonic analyticity to linearize them. Then we give a perturbative self-dual solution recovering the ordinary one. Finally we present the explicit computation of an exact self-dual solution.
Maximally Generalized Yang-Mills Model and Dynamical Breaking of Gauge Symmetry
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2006-01-01
A maximally generalized Yang-Mills model, which contains, besides the vector part Vμ, also an axial-vector part Aμ, a scalar part S, a pseudoscalar part P, and a tensor part Tμv, is constructed and the dynamical breaking of gauge symmetry in the model is also discussed. It is shown, in terms of the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio mechanism, that the gauge symmetry breaking can be realized dynamically in the maximally generalized Yang-Mills model. The combination of the maximally generalized Yang-Mills model and the NJL mechanism provides a way to overcome the difficulties related to the Higgs field and the Higgs mechanism in the usual spontaneous symmetry breaking theory.
Spatially compact solutions and stabilization in Einstein-Yang-Mills-Higgs theories.
Forgács, Péter; Reuillon, Sébastien
2005-08-01
New solutions to the static, spherically symmetric Einstein-Yang-Mills-Higgs equations with the Higgs field in the triplet (doublet) representation are presented. They form continuous families parametrized by alpha = M(W)/M(Pl) [M(W) (M(Pl)) denoting the W boson (the Planck) mass]. The corresponding space-times are regular and have spatially compact sections. A particularly interesting class with the Yang-Mills amplitude being nodeless is exhibited and is shown to be linearly stable with respect to spherically symmetric perturbations. For some solutions with nodes of the Yang-Mills amplitude a new stabilization phenomenon is found, according to which their unstable modes disappear as alpha increases (for the triplet) or decreases (for the doublet).
Yang-Mills Solutions and Dyons on Cylinders over Coset Spaces with Sasakian Structure
Tormählen, Maike
2014-01-01
We present solutions of the Yang-Mills equation on cylinders $\\mathbb R\\times G/H$ over coset spaces with Sasakian structure and odd dimension $2m+1$. The gauge potential is assumed to be $SU(m)$-equivariant, parametrized by two real, scalar-valued functions. Yang-Mills theory with torsion in this setup reduces to the Newtonian mechanics of a point particle moving in $\\mathbb R^2$ under the influence of an inverted potential. We analyze the critical points of this potential and present an analytic as well as several numerical finite-action solutions. Apart from the Yang-Mills solutions that constitute $SU(m)$-equivariant instanton configurations, we construct periodic sphaleron solutions on $S^1\\times G/H$ and dyon solutions on $i\\mathbb R\\times G/H$.
A BRST gauge-fixing procedure for Yang-Mills theory on sphere
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A gauge-fixing procedure for the Yang-Mills theory on an n-dimensional sphere (or a hypersphere) is discussed in a systematic manner. We claim that Adler's gauge-fixing condition used in massless Euclidean QED on a hypersphere is not conventional because of the presence of an extra free index, and hence is unfavorable for the gauge-fixing procedure based on the BRST invariance principle (or simply BRST gauge-fixing procedure). Choosing a suitable gauge condition, which is proved to be equivalent to a generalization of Adler's condition, we apply the BRST gauge-fixing procedure to the Yang-Mills theory on a hypersphere to obtain consistent results. Field equations for the Yang-Mills field and associated fields are derived in manifestly O(n+1) covariant or invariant forms. In the large radius limit, these equations reproduce the corresponding field equations defined on the n-dimensional flat space
Superspace Gauge Fixing in Yang-Mills Matter Coupled Conformal Supergravity
Kugo, Taichiro; Yoshioka, Koichi
2016-01-01
In $D=4$, $\\cal{N}=1$ conformal superspace, the Yang-Mills matter coupled supergravity system is constructed where the Yang-Mills gauge interaction is introduced by extending the superconformal group to include the K\\"ahler isometry group of chiral matter fields. There are two gauge-fixing procedures to get to the component Poincar\\'e supergravity: one via the superconformal component formalism and the other via the Poincar\\'e superspace formalism. These two types of superconformal gauge-fixing conditions are analyzed in detail and their correspondence is clarified.
Dark Energy and Dark Matter from Yang-Mills Condensate and the Peccei-Quinn mechanism
Addazi, Andrea; Donà, Pietro; Marcianò, Antonino
2016-01-01
The idea that Dark Energy originates from a Yang-Mills condensate has been so far instantiated relying on the asymptotically-free perturbative expansion of SU(N) gauge-theories. This procedure is more appropriate in the ultra-violet regime than in the infrared limit, since SU(N) Yang-Mills theories generically show confinement. We approach the problem from the point of view of the functional renormalization group, and ground our study on the properties of the effective Lagrangian, to be deter...
Integrable amplitude deformations for N =4 super Yang-Mills and ABJM theory
Bargheer, Till; Huang, Yu-Tin; Loebbert, Florian; Yamazaki, Masahito
2015-01-01
We study Yangian-invariant deformations of scattering amplitudes in 4d N =4 super Yang-Mills theory and 3d N =6 Aharony-Bergman-Jafferis-Maldacena (ABJM) theory. In particular, we obtain the deformed Graßmannian integral for 4d N =4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory, both in momentum and momentum-twistor space. For 3d ABJM theory, we initiate the study of deformed scattering amplitudes. We investigate general deformations of on-shell diagrams, and find the deformed Graßmannian integral for this theory. We furthermore introduce the algebraic R-matrix construction of deformed Yangian invariants for ABJM theory.
Super Yang-Mills theories coupled to supergravity; Tangent bundle to a supergroup manifold approach
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Foussats, A.; Zandron, O. (Instituto de Fisica Rosario, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas e Ingenieria, U.N.R., Av. Pellegrini 250, 2000 Rosario (AR))
1988-01-01
Supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories coupled to supergravity are analyzed by using the tangent bundle to a supergroup manifold as geometrical framework. The factorization condition imposed on these theories is considered from this point of view. The so-called H-gauge transformation for both, the super Yang-Mills and supergravity one-forms gauge fields are obtained as a consequence of a change of trivialization in the corresponding coset manifold. The authors point out the existence of factorized solutions not diffeomorphically equivalent for the set of pseudo-connections one-forms or gauge fields.
The Configuration Space of Low-dimensional Yang-Mills Theories
Pause, T
1998-01-01
We discuss the construction of the physical configuration space for Yang-Mills quantum mechanics and Yang-Mills theory on a cylinder. We explicitly eliminate the redundant degrees of freedom by either fixing a gauge or introducing gauge invariant variables. Both methods are shown to be equivalent if the Gribov problem is treated properly and the necessary boundary identifications on the Gribov horizon are performed. In addition, we analyze the significance of non-generic configurations and clarify the relation between the Gribov problem and coordinate singularities.
Superspace gauge fixing in Yang-Mills matter-coupled conformal supergravity
Kugo, Taichiro; Yokokura, Ryo; Yoshioka, Koichi
2016-09-01
In D=4, N=1 conformal superspace, the Yang-Mills matter-coupled supergravity system is constructed where the Yang-Mills gauge interaction is introduced by extending the superconformal group to include the Kähler isometry group of chiral matter fields. There are two gauge-fixing procedures to get to the component Poincaré supergravity: one via the superconformal component formalism and the other via the Poincaré superspace formalism. These two types of superconformal gauge-fixing conditions are analyzed in detail and their correspondence is clarified.
Continuum Strong Coupling Expansion of Yang-Mills Theory Quark Confinement and Infra-Red Slavery
Mansfield, P
1994-01-01
We solve Schr\\"odinger's equation for the ground-state of {\\it four}-dimensional Yang-Mills theory as an expansion in inverse powers of the coupling. Expectation values computed with the leading order approximation are reduced to a calculation in {\\it two}-dimensional Yang-Mills theory which is known to confine. Consequently the Wilson loop in the four-dimensional theory obeys an area law to leading order and the coupling becomes infinite as the mass-scale goes to zero.
Stability of magnetic condensation and mass generation for confinement in SU(2) Yang-Mills theory
Kondo, Kei-Ichi
2013-01-01
In the framework of the functional renormalization group, we reexamine the stability of the Yang-Mills vacuum with a chromomagnetic condensation. We show that the Nielsen-Olesen instability of the Savvidy vacuum with a homogeneous chromomagnetic condensation disappears in the $SU(2)$ Yang-Mills theory. As a physical mechanism for maintaining the stability even for the small infrared cutoff, we argue that dynamical gluon mass generation occurs due to a BRST-invariant vacuum condensate of mass dimension-two, which is related to two-gluon bound states identified with glueballs. These results support the dual superconductor picture for quark confinement.
Instanton partition function and two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory
Zhang, Xinyu
2016-01-01
We study four-dimensional $\\mathcal{N}=2$ supersymmetric $U(N)$ gauge theory with $2N$ fundamental hypermultiplets on the self-dual $\\Omega$-background. The partition function simplifies at special points of the parameter space, and is related to the partition function of two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory on $S^{2}$. We also consider the insertion of a Wilson loop operator in two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory, and find the corresponding operator in the four-dimensional $\\mathcal{N}=2$ gauge theory.
Electric-Magnetic Duality in Infrared SU(2) Yang-Mills Theory
Faddeev, L D; Faddeev, Ludvig; Niemi, Antti J.
2002-01-01
We explicitly realize the dual structure between the electric and magnetic variables in the long-distance SU(2) Yang-Mills theory. The electric variables correspond to an abelian scalar multiplet with two complex scalar fields, while the dual magnetic variables yield a relativistic version of the Heisenberg model. This leads to a selfdual picture, where the same effective action describes both the electric and the magnetic phase of the theory. Our results are consistent with the proposal that the physical spectrum of the long-distance Yang-Mills theory involves confining strings which are tied into stable knotted solitons.
Self-Dual Yang-Mills and the Hamiltonian Structures of Integrable Systems
Schiff, J
1992-01-01
In recent years it has been shown that many, and possibly all, integrable systems can be obtained by dimensional reduction of self-dual Yang-Mills. I show how the integrable systems obtained this way naturally inherit bihamiltonian structure. I also present a simple, gauge-invariant formulation of the self-dual Yang-Mills hierarchy proposed by several authors, and I discuss the notion of gauge equivalence of integrable systems that arises from the gauge invariance of the self-duality equations (and their hierarchy); this notion of gauge equivalence may well be large enough to unify the many diverse existing notions.
Orbifold singularities, Lie algebras of the third kind (LATKes), and pure Yang-Mills with matter
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We discover the unique, simple Lie algebra of the third kind, or LATKe, that stems from codimension 6 orbifold singularities and gives rise to a new kind of Yang-Mills theory which simultaneously is pure and contains matter. The root space of the LATKe is one-dimensional and its Dynkin diagram consists of one point. The uniqueness of the LATKe is a vacuum selection mechanism. The World in a Point?; Blow-up ofC3/Z3| Dynkin diagram of the LATKe; ·; Pure Yang-Mills with matter
Gauge field spectrum in massive Yang-Mills theory with Lorentz violation
Santos, T R S; Tomaz, A A
2016-01-01
The spectrum of the massive CPT-odd Yang-Mills propagator with Lorentz violation is performed at tree-level. The modification is due to mass terms generated by the exigence of multiplicative renormalizability of Yang-Mills theory with Lorentz violation. The causality analysis is performed from group and front velocities for both, spacelike and timelike background tensors. It is show that, by demanding causality, it is always possible to define a physical sector for the gauge propagator. Hence, it is expected that the model is also unitary, if one takes the Faddeev-Popov ghost into account.
Thermodynamics and reference scale of SU(3) gauge theory from gradient flow on fine lattices
Kitazawa, Masakiyo; Hatsuda, Tetsuo; Iritani, Takumi; Itou, Etsuko; Suzuki, Hiroshi
2015-01-01
We study the parametrization of lattice spacing and thermodynamics of SU(3) gauge theory on the basis of the Yang-Mills gradient flow on fine lattices. The lattice spacing of the Wilson gauge action is determined over a wide range $6.3\\le\\beta\\le7.5$ with high accuracy. The measurements of the flow time and lattice spacing dependences of the expectation values of the energy-momentum tensor are performed on fine lattices.
Exact Solutions of the SU(2) Yang-Mills-Higgs Theory
Teh, R
2001-01-01
Some exact static solutions of the SU(2) Yang-Mills-Higgs theory are presented. These solutions do not satisfy the first order Bogomol'nyi equations, and do not possess finite energy. They are axially symmetric and could possibly represent monopoles and an antimonopole sitting on the z-axis.
Covariant Hamiltonian formalism for supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory coupled to supergravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We develop a canonical covariant Hamiltonian formalism on a group manifold, for the supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory coupled to supergravity. We find the set of primary constraints and the equations of motion for the coupled system in the covariant Hamiltonian approach. Also, the supercurrent is defined and analysed in the framework of the canonical covariant formalism. (author)
Covariant Hamiltonian formalism for supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory coupled to supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Foussats, A.; Zandron, O.
1988-09-01
We develop a canonical covariant Hamiltonian formalism on a group manifold, for the supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory coupled to supergravity. We find the set of primary constraints and the equations of motion for the coupled system in the covariant Hamiltonian approach. Also, the supercurrent is defined and analysed in the framework of the canonical covariant formalism.
Freedom and confinement in lattice Yang-Mills theories. A case for divorce
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Colangelo, P.; Cosmai, L.; Pellicoro, M.; Preparata, G.
1986-03-01
We present evidence that nonperturbative effects in lattice gauge theories do not obey at small coupling constant (large ..beta..) asymptotic scaling, but they rather behave as suggested by a recent result in continuum Yang-Mills theories. We also discuss the possible impact of these results on our understanding of QCD.
Existence of axially symmetric solutions in SU(2)-Yang-Mills and related theories
Hannibal, L; Hannibal, Ludger; Ossietzky, Carl von
1999-01-01
It is shown that the static axially symmetric solutions of SU(2) Einstein-Yang-Mills-Dilaton theory constructed by Kleihaus and Kunz are gauge-equivalent to two-parameter families of embedded abelian solutions, characterized by mass and magnetic dipole moment. The existence of other particle-like solutions is excluded.
Three-loop octagons and n-gons in maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Caron Huot, Simon; He, Song
2013-01-01
We study the S-matrix of planar = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory when external momenta are restricted to a two-dimensional subspace of Minkowski space. We find significant simplifications and new, interesting structures for tree and loop amplitudes in two-dimensional kinematics, in particular...
A note on the Coulomb branch of susy Yang-Mills
Kabat, D; Kabat, Daniel; Lifschytz, Gilad
2006-01-01
We compute the force between oppositely charged W bosons in the large N limit of Yang-Mills with 16 supercharges broken to SU(N) x U(1) by a finite Higgs vev. We clarify some issues regarding Wilson line computations and show that there is a regime in which the force between W bosons is independent of separation distance.
The Yang-Mills vacuum wave functional thirty-five years later
Olejnik, Stefan
2015-01-01
The first paper attempting direct calculation of the Yang-Mills vacuum wave functional was published by Greensite in 1979. I review some recent results of the determination of the vacuum wave functional in Monte Carlo simulations of SU(2) lattice gauge theory.
The N=2(4) string is self-dual N=4 Yang-Mills
Siegel, Warren
1992-01-01
N=2 string amplitudes, when required to have the Lorentz covariance of the equivalent N=4 string, describe a self-dual form of N=4 super Yang-Mills in 2+2 dimensions. Spin-independent couplings and the ghost nature of SO(2,2) spacetime make it a topological-like theory with vanishing loop corrections.
Scattering amplitudes in N=2 Maxwell-Einstein and Yang-Mills/Einstein supergravity
Chiodaroli, Marco; Johansson, Henrik; Roiban, Radu
2015-01-01
We expose a double-copy structure in the scattering amplitudes of the generic Jordan family of N=2 Maxwell-Einstein and Yang-Mills/Einstein supergravity theories in four and five dimensions. The Maxwell-Einstein supergravity amplitudes are obtained through the color/kinematics duality as a product of two gauge-theory factors; one originating from pure N=2 super-Yang-Mills theory and the other from the dimensional reduction of a bosonic higher-dimensional pure Yang-Mills theory. We identify a specific symplectic frame in four dimensions for which the on-shell fields and amplitudes from the double-copy construction can be identified with the ones obtained from the supergravity Lagrangian and Feynman-rule computations. The Yang-Mills/Einstein supergravity theories are obtained by gauging a compact subgroup of the isometry group of their Maxwell-Einstein counterparts. For the generic Jordan family this process is identified with the introduction of cubic scalar couplings on the bosonic gauge-theory side, which th...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG Dian-Fu
2008-01-01
In terms of the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio mechanism, dynamical breaking of gauge symmetry for the maximally generalized Yang-Mills model is investigated. The gauge symmetry behavior at finite temperature is also investigated and it is shown that the gauge symmetry broken dynamically at zero temperature can be restored at finite temperatures.
Generalized Riccati equations for self-dual Yang--Mills fields
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chau, L.; Yen, H.C.
1987-05-01
It is shown that although no Riccati equations in the strict sense are likely to exist for the self-dual Yang--Mills fields, certain ''generalized Riccati equations'' derivable from the Baecklund transformation do exist, and are capable of reproducing the linear system when a certain contraint is imposed.
Numerical study of the SU(2) Yang-Mills vacuum state: Much ado about nothing?
Greensite, Jeff
2013-01-01
Numerical results for relative weights of test gauge-field configurations in the vacuum of the SU(2) lattice gauge theory in (3+1) dimensions are compared with expectations following from various proposals for the Yang-Mills vacuum wave functional that interpolate between the free-field limit and the dimensional-reduction form.
The low-lying spectrum of N=1 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory
Bergner, Georg; Montvay, Istvan; Muenster, Gernot; Piemonte, Stefano
2015-01-01
The spectrum of the lightest bound states in N=1 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory with SU(2) gauge group, calculated on the lattice, is presented. The masses have first been extrapolated towards vanishing gluino mass and then to the continuum limit. The final picture is consistent with the formation of degenerate supermultiplets.
Center-stabilized Yang-Mills Theory:Confinement and Large N Volume Independence
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Unsal, Mithat; /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Yaffe, Laurence G.; /Washington U., Seattle
2008-03-21
We examine a double trace deformation of SU(N) Yang-Mills theory which, for large N and large volume, is equivalent to unmodified Yang-Mills theory up to O(1/N{sup 2}) corrections. In contrast to the unmodified theory, large N volume independence is valid in the deformed theory down to arbitrarily small volumes. The double trace deformation prevents the spontaneous breaking of center symmetry which would otherwise disrupt large N volume independence in small volumes. For small values of N, if the theory is formulated on R{sup 3} x S{sup 1} with a sufficiently small compactification size L, then an analytic treatment of the non-perturbative dynamics of the deformed theory is possible. In this regime, we show that the deformed Yang-Mills theory has a mass gap and exhibits linear confinement. Increasing the circumference L or number of colors N decreases the separation of scales on which the analytic treatment relies. However, there are no order parameters which distinguish the small and large radius regimes. Consequently, for small N the deformed theory provides a novel example of a locally four-dimensional pure gauge theory in which one has analytic control over confinement, while for large N it provides a simple fully reduced model for Yang-Mills theory. The construction is easily generalized to QCD and other QCD-like theories.
Duality between Noncommutative Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons and Non-Abelian Self-Dual Models
Cantcheff, M B; Minces, Pablo
2003-01-01
By introducing an appropriate parent action and considering a perturbative approach, we establish, up to fourth order terms in the field and for the full range of the coupling constant, the equivalence between the noncommutative Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons theory and the noncommutative, non-Abelian Self-Dual model.
Massive and mass-less Yang-Mills and gravitational fields
Veltman, M.J.G.; Dam, H. van
1970-01-01
Massive and mass-less Yang-Mills and gravitational fields are considered. It is found that there is a discrete difference between the zero-mass theories and the very small, but non-zero mass theories. In the case of gravitation, comparison of massive and mass-less theories with experiment, in partic
Eigenvalue spectrum of lattice $\\mathcal{N}=4$ super Yang-Mills
Weir, David J; Mehta, Dhagash
2013-01-01
We present preliminary results for the eigenvalue spectrum of four-dimensional ${\\cal N}=4$ super Yang-Mills theory on the lattice. In particular, by studying the the spectral density a measurement of the anomalous dimension is made and found to be consistent with zero.
Microscopic- versus Effective Coupling in N=2 Yang-Mills With Four Flavours
Sachs, I; Sachs, Ivo; Weir, Billy
2000-01-01
We determine the instanton corrections to the effective coupling in SU(2), N=2 Yang-Mills theory with four flavours to all orders. Our analysis uses the S(2,Z)-invariant curve and the two instanton contribution obtained earlier to fix the higher order contributions uniquely.
Affine Lie-Poisson Reduction, Yang-Mills magnetohydrodynamics, and superfluids
Gay-Balmaz, Francois; Ratiu, Tudor S.
2009-01-01
This paper develops the theory of affine Lie-Poisson reduction and applies this process to Yang-Mills and Hall magnetohydrodynamics for fluids and superfluids. As a consequence of this approach, the associated Poisson brackets are obtained by reduction of a canonical cotangent bundle. A Kelvin-Noether circulation theorem is presented and is applied to these examples.
A note on the Coulomb branch of susy Yang-Mills
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kabat, Daniel [Department of Physics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 (United States)]. E-mail: kabat@phys.columbia.edu; Lifschytz, Gilad [Department of Mathematics and Physics, University of Haifa at Oranim, Tivon 36006 (Israel)]. E-mail: giladl@research.haifa.ac.il
2006-02-16
We compute the force between oppositely charged W bosons in the large N limit of Yang-Mills with 16 supercharges broken to SU(N)xU(1) by a finite Higgs vev. We clarify some issues regarding Wilson line computations and show that there is a regime in which the force between W bosons is independent of separation distance.
Lagrangian and Covariant Field Equations for Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Theory in 12D
Nishino, H
1998-01-01
We present a lagrangian formulation for recently-proposed supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in twelve dimensions. The field content of our multiplet has an additional auxiliary vector field in the adjoint representation. The usual Yang-Mills field strength is modified by a Chern-Simons form containing this auxiliary vector field. This formulation needs no constraint imposed on the component field from outside, and a constraint on the Yang-Mills field is generated as the field equation of the auxiliary vector field. The invariance check of the action is also performed without any reference to constraints by hand. Even though the total lagrangian takes a simple form, it has several highly non-trivial extra symmetries. We couple this twelve-dimensional supersymmetric Yang-Mills background to Green-Schwarz superstring, and confirm fermionic kappa-invariance. As another improvement of this theory, we present a set of fully Lorentz-covariant and supercovariant field equations with no use of null-vectors. This system...
Affine Lie-Poisson reduction, Yang-Mills magnetohydrodynamics, and superfluids
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This paper develops the theory of affine Lie-Poisson reduction and applies this process to Yang-Mills and Hall magnetohydrodynamics for fluids and superfluids. As a consequence of this approach, the associated Poisson brackets are obtained by reduction of a canonical cotangent bundle. A Kelvin-Noether circulation theorem is presented and is applied to these examples
Notes on equivalences and Higgs branches in N=2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory
Danielsson, U H; Danielsson, Ulf H; Stjernberg, Par
1996-01-01
In this paper we investigate how various equivalences between effective field theories of N=2 SUSY Yang-Mills theory with matter can be understood through Higgs breaking, i.e. by giving expectation values to squarks. We give explicit expressions for the flat directions for a wide class of examples.
2PI Effective Action and Evolution Equations of N = 4 super Yang-Mills
Smolic, Jelena
2011-01-01
We employ nPI effective action techniques to study N = 4 super Yang-Mills, and write down the 2PI effective action of the theory. We also supply the evolution equations of two-point correlators within the theory.
Localization of four-dimensional super Yang-Mills theories compactified on Riemann surface
Nagasaki, Koichi
2016-01-01
We consider the partition function of super Yang-Mills theories defined on $T^2 \\times \\Sigma_g$. This path integral can be computed by the localization. The one-loop determinant is evaluated by the elliptic genus. This elliptic genus gives trivial result in our calculation. As a result, we obtain a theory defined on the Riemann surface.
The Hamiltonian structure of Yang-Mills theories and instantons II
Bergvelt, M. J.; De Kerf, E. A.
1986-11-01
The formalism of constraints, reviewed in paper I, is applied to Yang-Mills theory to determine the physical phase space. This turns out to be the cotangent bundle of orbit space, the space of gauge inequivalent potentials. Self-dual configurations are not Hamiltonian with respect to the symplectic structure inherited from the general system.
Challifour, John L.; Timko, Edward J.
2016-06-01
Using a Krein indefinite metric in Fock space, the Hamiltonian for cut-off models of canonically quantized Higgs-Yang-Mills fields interpolating between the Gupta-Bleuler-Feynman and Landau gauges is shown to be essentially maximal accretive and essentially Krein selfadjoint.
Füzfa, A
2002-01-01
The general hamiltonian formalism for time-dependent Einstein-Yang-Mills equations is presented and then applied to the well studied case of spherically symmetric su(2)-valued Yang-Mills fields. Here, we focus on by far less known time dependent solutions of these equations, and especially on perturbations of Friedmann-Lemaitre homogeneous solutions. By analysing the hamiltonian constraints, we present numerical evidences that the non abelian Yang-Mills fields are more sensitive to inhomogeneity (at least in the expansion rate) than their scalar (inflaton) and abelian (Maxwell) counterparts. Interesting consequences on the process of gravitational instability are briefly outlined here and will be developped in a forthcoming paper.
Modular Symmetry and Fractional Charges in N=2 Supersymmetric Yang-Mills and the Quantum Hall Effect
Dolan, Brian P.
2006-01-01
The parallel roles of modular symmetry in ${\\cal N}=2$ supersymmetric Yang-Mills and in the quantum Hall effect are reviewed. In supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories modular symmetry emerges as a version of Dirac's electric -- magnetic duality. It has significant consequences for the vacuum structure of these theories, leading to a fractal vacuum which has an infinite hierarchy of related phases. In the case of ${\\cal N}=2$ supersymmetric Yang-Mills in 3+1 dimensions, scaling functions can be d...
Differential formalism aspects of the gauge classical theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The classical aspects of the gauge theories are shown using differential geometry as fundamental tool. Somme comments are done about Maxwell Electro-dynamics, classical Yang-Mills and gravitation theories. (L.C.)
Topological susceptibility in the SU(3) random vortex world-surface model
Engelhardt, M
2008-01-01
The topological charge is constructed for SU(3) center vortex world-surfaces composed of elementary squares on a hypercubic lattice. In distinction to the SU(2) case investigated previously, it is necessary to devise a proper treatment of the color structure at vortex branchings, which arise in the SU(3) case, but not for SU(2). The construction is used to evaluate the topological susceptibility in the random vortex world-surface model of infrared Yang-Mills dynamics. Results for the topological susceptibility are reported as a function of temperature, including both the confined as well as the deconfined phase.
N=4 Super-Yang-Mills on Conic Space as Hologram of STU Topological Black Hole
Huang, Xing
2014-01-01
We construct four-dimensional N=4 super-Yang-Mills theories on a conic sphere with various background R-symmetry gauge fields. We study free energy and supersymmetric Renyi entropy using heat kernel method as well as localization technique. We find that the universal contribution to the partition function in the free field limit is the same as that in the strong coupling limit, which implies that it may be protected by supersymmetry. Based on the fact that, the conic sphere can be conformally mapped to $S^1\\times H^3$ and the R-symmetry background fields can be supported by the R-charges of black hole, we propose that the holographic dual of these theories are five-dimensional, supersymmetric STU topological black holes. We demonstrate perfect agreement between N=4 super-Yang-Mills theories in the planar limit and the STU topological black holes.
Matsuura, So; Ohta, Kazutoshi
2014-01-01
We define supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory on an arbitrary two-dimensional lattice (polygon decomposition) with preserving one supercharge. When a smooth Riemann surface $\\Sigma_g$ with genus $g$ emerges as an appropriate continuum limit of the generic lattice, the discretized theory becomes topologically twisted $\\mathcal{N}=(2,2)$ supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory on $\\Sigma_g$. If we adopt the usual square lattice as a special case of the discretization, our formulation is identical with Sugino's lattice model. Although the tuning of parameters is generally required while taking the continuum limit, the number of the necessary parameters is at most two because of the gauge symmetry and the supersymmetry. In particular, we do not need any fine-tuning if we arrange the theory so as to possess an extra global $U(1)$ symmetry ($U(1)_{R}$ symmetry) which rotates the scalar fields.
Hedgehogs in Wilson loops and phase transition in SU(2) Yang-Mills theory
Belavin, V A; Kozlov, I E
2006-01-01
We suggest that the gauge-invariant hedgehogs-like structures in the Wilson loops are physically interesting degrees of freedom in the Yang-Mills theory. The trajectories of these hedgehogs are closed curves which correspond to center-valued (untraced) Wilson loops and are characterized by the center charge and by the winding number. We show numerically in SU(2) Yang-Mills theory that the density of the hedgehogs in the thermal Wilson-Polyakov line is very sensitive to the finite temperature phase transition. The (additively normalized) hedgehog density behaves as an order parameter: the density is almost independent of the temperature in the confinement phase and changes substantially as the system gets into the deconfinement phase. Our results suggest in particular that the (static) hedgehogs may be relevant degrees of freedom around the deconfinement transition, and thus affect evolution of the quark-gluon plasma in high-energy heavy ion collisions.
Numerical Hermitian Yang-Mills Connections and Vector Bundle Stability in Heterotic Theories
Anderson, Lara B; Karp, Robert L; Ovrut, Burt A
2010-01-01
A numerical algorithm is presented for explicitly computing the gauge connection on slope-stable holomorphic vector bundles on Calabi-Yau manifolds. To illustrate this algorithm, we calculate the connections on stable monad bundles defined on the K3 twofold and Quintic threefold. An error measure is introduced to determine how closely our algorithmic connection approximates a solution to the Hermitian Yang-Mills equations. We then extend our results by investigating the behavior of non slope-stable bundles. In a variety of examples, it is shown that the failure of these bundles to satisfy the Hermitian Yang-Mills equations, including field-strength singularities, can be accurately reproduced numerically. These results make it possible to numerically determine whether or not a vector bundle is slope-stable, thus providing an important new tool in the exploration of heterotic vacua.
Renormalization aspects of N = 1 Super Yang-Mills theory in the Wess-Zumino gauge
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Capri, M.A.L.; Granado, D.R.; Guimaraes, M.S.; Justo, I.F.; Sorella, S.P.; Vercauteren, D. [UERJ-Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Instituto de Fisica, Maracana, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Mihaila, L. [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institut fuer Theoretische Teilchenphysik, Karlsruhe (Germany)
2014-04-15
The renormalization of N = 1 Super Yang-Mills theory is analyzed in the Wess-Zumino gauge, employing the Landau condition. An all-orders proof of the renormalizability of the theory is given by means of the Algebraic Renormalization procedure. Only three renormalization constants are needed, which can be identified with the coupling constant, gauge field, and gluino renormalization. The nonrenormalization theorem of the gluon-ghost-antighost vertex in the Landau gauge is shown to remain valid in N = 1 Super Yang-Mills. Moreover, due to the non-linear realization of the supersymmetry in the Wess-Zumino gauge, the renormalization factor of the gauge field turns out to be different from that of the gluino. These features are explicitly checked through a three-loop calculation. (orig.)
The thermodynamics of quantum Yang-Mills theory theory and applications
Hofmann, Ralf
2016-01-01
This latest edition enhances the material of the first edition with a derivation of the value of the action for each of the Harrington-Shepard calorons/anticalorons that are relevant for the emergence of the thermal ground state. Also included are discussions of the caloron center versus its periphery, the role of the thermal ground state in U(1) wave propagation, photonic particle-wave duality, and calculational intricacies and book-keeping related to one-loop scattering of massless modes in the deconfining phase of an SU(2) Yang-Mills theory. Moreover, a derivation of the temperature-redshift relation of the CMB in deconfining SU(2) Yang-Mills thermodynamics and its application to explaining an apparent early re-ionization of the Universe are given. Finally, a mechanism of mass generation for cosmic neutrinos is proposed.
Energy-momentum tensor from the Yang--Mills gradient flow
Suzuki, Hiroshi
2013-01-01
A product of gauge fields generated by the Yang--Mills gradient flow at positive flow time does not exhibit the coincidence-point singularity and thus the definition of a local product is independent of the regularization. Such a local product can furthermore be expanded by renormalized local operators at zero flow time with finite coefficients which are governed by renormalization group equations. Using these facts, we construct a formula that relates the small flow-time limit of certain gauge invariant local products and the correctly-normalized conserved energy-momentum tensor in the Yang--Mills theory. Our formula provides a possible method to compute correlation functions of a well-defined energy-momentum tensor by using the lattice regularization and the Monte Carlo simulation.
Large N limit of 2D Yang-Mills Theory and Instanton Counting
Matsuo, T; Ohta, K; Matsuo, Toshihiro; Matsuura, So; Ohta, Kazutoshi
2005-01-01
We examine the two-dimensional U(N) Yang-Mills theory by using the technique of random partitions. We show that the large N limit of the partition function of the 2D Yang-Mills theory on S^2 reproduces the instanton counting of 4D N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories introduced by Nekrasov. We also discuss that we can take the ``double scaling limit'' by fixing the product of the N and cell size in Young diagrams, and the effective action given by Douglas and Kazakov is naturally obtained by taking this limit. We give an interpretation for our result from the view point of the superstring theory by considering a brane configuration that realizes 4D N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories.
Dual-color decompositions at one-loop level in Yang-Mills theory
Du, Yi-Jian; Fu, Chih-Hao
2014-01-01
In this work, we extend the construction of dual color decomposition in Yang-Mills theory to one-loop level, i.e., we show how to write one-loop integrands in Yang-Mills theory to the dual DDM-form and the dual trace-form. In dual forms, integrands are decomposed in terms of color-ordered one-loop integrands for color scalar theory with proper dual color coefficients.In dual DDM decomposition, The dual color coefficients can be obtained directly from BCJ-form by applying Jacobi-like identities for kinematic factors. In dual trace decomposition, the dual trace factors can be obtained by imposing one-loop KK relations, reflection relation and their relation with the kinematic factors in dual DDM-form.
Amplitude relations in heterotic string theory and Einstein-Yang-Mills
Schlotterer, Oliver
2016-01-01
We present all-multiplicity evidence that the tree-level S-matrix of gluons and gravitons in heterotic string theory can be reduced to color-ordered single-trace amplitudes of the gauge multiplet. Explicit amplitude relations are derived for up to three gravitons, up to two color traces and an arbitrary number of gluons in each case. The results are valid to all orders in the inverse string tension alpha' and generalize to the ten-dimensional superamplitudes which preserve 16 supercharges. Their field-theory limit results in an alternative proof of the recently discovered relations between Einstein-Yang-Mills amplitudes and those of pure Yang-Mills theory. Similarities and differences between the integrands of the Cachazo-He-Yuan formulae and the heterotic string are investigated.
Exploring gauge-invariant vacuum wave functionals for Yang-Mills theory
Forkel, Hilmar
2011-01-01
We study gauge-invariant approximations to the Yang-Mills vacuum wave functional in which asymptotic freedom and a detailed description of the infrared dynamics are encoded through squeezed core states. After variationally optimizing these trial functionals, dimensional transmutation, gluon condensation and a dynamical mass gap of the expected magnitude emerge transparently. The dispersion properties of the soft gauge modes are modified by higher-gradient interactions and suggest a negative differential color resistance of the Yang-Mills vacuum. Casting the soft-mode dynamics into the form of an effective action for gauge-invariant collective fields, furthermore, allows to identify novel infrared degrees of freedom. The latter are gauge-invariant saddle-point fields which summarize dominant and universal contributions from various gauge-field orbits to all amplitudes. Their analysis provides new insights into how the vacuum gluon fields generate gauge-invariant excitations. Examples include a dynamical size s...
Infrared Behaviour of Landau Gauge Yang-Mills Theory with a Fundamentally Charged Scalar Field
Fister, Leonard
2010-01-01
The infrared behaviour of the n-point functions of a Yang-Mills theory with a charged scalar field in the fundamental representation of SU(N) is studied in the formalism of Dyson-Schwinger equations. Assuming a stable skeleton expansion solutions in form of power laws for the Green functions are obtained. For a massless scalar field the uniform limit is sufficient to describe the infrared scaling behaviour of vertices. Not taking into account a possible Higgs-phase it turns out that kinematic singularities play an important role for the scaling solutions of massive scalars. On a qualitative level scalar Yang-Mills theory yields similar scaling solutions as recently obtained for QCD.
Some Comments on the String Singularity of the Yang-Mills-Higgs Theory
Lim, Kok-Geng; Teh, Rosy
2010-07-01
We are going to make use of the regulated polar angle which had been introduced by Boulware et al.. to show that in the SU(2) Yang-Mills-Higgs theory when the magnetic monopole is carried by the gauge field, the Higgs field does not carry the monopole and vice versa. In the Yang-Mills-Higgs theory, our solution shows that when the parameter ɛ ≠ 0, the monopole is carried by the gauge field and there is a string singularity in the gauge field. When the parameter ɛ → 0, the monopole is transferred from the gauge field to the Higgs field and the string singularity disappeared. The solution is only singular at the origin, that is at r = 0 as it becomes the Wu-Yang monopole.
Topics In N = 4 Yang-mills And The Self-dual String
Basu, A
2005-01-01
We analyze some systematics of the coupling constant dependence of correlators in N = 4 Yang- Mills, which is the world-volume theory on D3-branes. We use the fact that the operator Ot that generates infinitesimal changes of the coupling constant in this theory sits in the same supermultiplet as the superconformal currents. We show how superconformal current Ward identities determine a class of terms in the operator product expansion of Ot with any other operator. In certain cases, this leads to constraints on the coupling dependence of correlation functions in N = 4 Yang-Mills. As an application, we demonstrate the exact non-renormalization of two and certain three-point correlation functions of BPS operators. We next approximate these integrated correlators by using a truncated OPE expansion. This leads to differential equations for the coupling dependence. When applied to a particular sixteen point correlator, the coupling dependence we find agrees with the corresponding amplitude computed via the Ad...
Radiating black holes in Einstein-Yang-Mills theory and cosmic censorship
Ghosh, Sushant G
2010-01-01
Exact nonstatic spherically symmetric black-hole solution of the higher dimensional Einstein-Yang-Mills equations for a null dust with Yang-Mills gauge charge are obtained by employing Wu-Yang \\textit{ansatz}, namely, HD-EYM Vaidya solution. It is interesting to note that gravitational contribution of YM gauge charge for this ansatz is indeed opposite (attractive rather than repulsive) that of Maxwell charge. It turns out that the gravitational collapse of null dust with YM gauge charge admit strong curvature shell focusing naked singularities violating cosmic censorship. However, there is significant shrinkage of the initial data space for a naked singularity of the HD-Vaidya collapse due to presence of YM gauge charge. The effect of YM gauge charge on structure and location of the apparent and event horizons is also discussed.
New perspectives on an old problem: The bending of light in Yang-Mills gravity
Cottrell, Kazuo Ota; Hsu, Jong-Ping
Yang-Mills gravity with electromagnetism predicts, in the geometric optics limit, a value for the deflection of light by the sun which agrees closely with the reanalysis of Eddington's 1919 optical measurements done in 1979. Einstein's General Theory of Relativity, on the other hand, agrees very closely with measurements of the deflection of electromagnetic waves made in the range of radio frequencies. Since both General Relativity and Yang-Mills gravity with electromagnetism in the geometric optics limit make predictions for the optical region which fall within experimental uncertainty, it becomes important to consider the possibility of the existence of a frequency dependence in the measurement results for the deflection of light, in order to determine which theory more closely describes nature...
Correspondence between Einstein-Yang-Mills-Lorentz systems and dynamical torsion models
Cembranos, Jose A R
2016-01-01
In the framework of Einstein-Yang-Mills theories, we study the gauge Lorentz group and establish a particular equivalence between this case and a certain class of theories with torsion within Riemann-Cartan space-times. This relation is specially useful in order to simplify the problem of finding exact solutions to the Einstein-Yang-Mills equations. Solutions for non-vanishing torsion with rotation and reflection symmetries are presented by the explicit use of this correspondence. Although these solutions were found in previous literature by a different approach, our method provides an alternative way to obtain them and it may be used in future research to find other exact solutions within this theory.
Supersymmetric Yang Mills Fields and Black Holes ; In Ten Dimensional Unified Field Theory
Patwardhan, Ajay
2007-01-01
The Ten dimensional Unified field theory has a 4 dimensional Riemannian spacetime and six dimensional Calabi Yau space structure. The supersymmetric Yang Mills fields and black holes are solutions in these theories. The formation of primordial black holes in early universe, the collapse to singularity of stellar black holes, the Hawking evaporation of microscopic black holes in LHC are topics of observational and theoretical interest. The observation of gamma ray bursts and creation of spectr...
A note on the Dirac canonical quantization of massive Yang-Mills theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Various implications of the Lorentz constraint are investigated within the Dirac-brackets quantization of massive Yang-Mills theory. If follows that matrix elements of arbitrary products of the divergence operators δμAaμ between physical states should vanish. Then, after adding certain functionals to the Hamiltonian, the effect on the physical states of the evolution operator remains unaltered. Arguments are put forward for modified expressions for the formal path integral representation of the evolution operator. (author). 11 refs
Einstein and Yang-Mills theories in hyperbolic form without gauge-fixing
Abrahams, A M; Choquet-Bruhat, Y; York, J W
1995-01-01
The evolution of physical and gauge degrees of freedom in the Einstein and Yang-Mills theories are separated in a gauge-invariant manner. We show that the equations of motion of these theories can always be written in flux-conservative first-order symmetric hyperbolic form. This dynamical form is ideal for global analysis, analytic approximation methods such as gauge-invariant perturbation theory, and numerical solution.
Algebra of constraints for supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory coupled to supergravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The second-order canonical vierbein formalism for the supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory coupled to supergravity is constructed. This is done by starting from the first-order canonical-covariant formalism on a group manifold previously developed. The set of first-class constraints, which verify the constraint algebra, are explicitly computed and the extended Hamiltonian which generates the time evolution of the system is written
Algebra of constraints for supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory coupled to supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Foussats, A.; Zandron, O. (Facultad de Ciencias Exactas Ingenieria y Agrimensura, Universidad de Rosario Av., Pellegrini 250, 2000 Rosario, Argentina (AR))
1991-03-15
The second-order canonical vierbein formalism for the supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory coupled to supergravity is constructed. This is done by starting from the first-order canonical-covariant formalism on a group manifold previously developed. The set of first-class constraints, which verify the constraint algebra, are explicitly computed and the extended Hamiltonian which generates the time evolution of the system is written.
On the string actions for the generalized two-dimensional Yang-Mills theories
Sugawara, Y
1996-01-01
We study the structures of partition functions of the large N generalized two-dimensional Yang-Mills theories (gYM_2) by recasting the higher Casimirs. We clarify the appropriate interpretations of them and try to extend the Cordes-Moore-Ramgoolam's topological string model describing the ordinary YM_2 \\cite{CMR} to those describing gYM_2. The concept of ''deformed gravitational descendants'' will be introduced for this purpose.
Schwinger-Dyson and Large $N_{c}$ Loop Equation for Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Theory
Itoyama, H.; Takashino, H.
1996-01-01
We derive an infinite sequence of Schwinger-Dyson equations for $N=1$ supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. The fundamental and the only variable employed is the Wilson-loop geometrically represented in $N=1$ superspace: it organizes an infinite number of supersymmetrizing insertions into the ordinary Wilson-loop as a single entity. In the large $N_{c}$ limit, our equation becomes a closed loop equation for the one-point function of the Wilson-loop average.
The Infrared Behaviour of the Pure Yang-Mills Green Functions
Boucaud, Ph; Yaouanc, A Le; Micheli, J; Péne, O; Rodríguez-Quintero, J
2011-01-01
We review the infrared properties of the pure Yang-Mills correlators and discuss recent results concerning the two classes of low-momentum solutions for them reported in literature; i.e. decoupling and scaling solutions. We will mainly focuss on the Landau gauge and pay special attention to the results inferred from the analysis of the Dyson-Schwinger equations of the theory and from "{\\it quenched}" lattice QCD. The results obtained from properly interplaying both approaches are strongly emphasized.
Topologically massive Yang-Mills: A Hamilton-Jacobi constraint analysis
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bertin, M. C., E-mail: mcbertin@gmail.com [Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal da Bahia. Campus Universitário de Ondina, CEP 40210-340, Salvador, BA (Brazil); Pimentel, B. M., E-mail: pimentel@ift.unesp.br [Instituto de Física Teórica, UNESP - São Paulo State University. Caixa Postal 70532-2, 01156-970, São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Valcárcel, C. E., E-mail: carlos.valcarcel@ufabc.edu.br [CMCC, Universidade Federal do ABC. Rua Santa Adélia, 166, Santo André, SP (Brazil); Zambrano, G. E. R., E-mail: gramos@udenar.edu.co [Departamento de Física, Universidad de Nariño. Calle 18 Cra 50, San Juan de Pasto, Nariño (Colombia)
2014-04-15
We analyse the constraint structure of the topologically massive Yang-Mills theory in instant-form and null-plane dynamics via the Hamilton-Jacobi formalism. The complete set of hamiltonians that generates the dynamics of the system is obtained from the Frobenius’ integrability conditions, as well as its characteristic equations. As generators of canonical transformations, the hamiltonians are naturally linked to the generator of Lagrangian gauge transformations.
A Unified Gravity-Electroweak Model Based on a Generalized Yang-Mills Framework
Hsu, Jong-Ping
2011-01-01
Gravitational and electroweak interactions can be unified in analogy with the unification in the Weinberg-Salam theory. The Yang-Mills framework is generalized to include space-time translational group T(4), whose generators $T_{\\mu}(=\\p/\\p x^{\\mu})$ do not have constant matrix representations. By gauging $T(4) \\times SU(2) \\times U(1)$ in flat space-time, we have a new tensor field $\\phi_{\\mu\
A novel supersymmetry in 2-dimensional Yang-Mills theory on Riemann surfaces
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We find a novel supersymmetry in 2-dimensional Maxwell and Yang-Mills theories. Using this supersymmetry, it is shown that the 2-dimensional Euclidean pure gauge theory on a closed Riemann surface Σ can be reduced to a topological field theory which is the 3-dimensional Chern-Simons gauge theory in the special space-time topology Σ x R. Related problems are also discussed. (author)
Lectures on 2D Yang-Mills theory, equivariant cohomology and topological field theories
Cordes, S F; Ramgoolam, S; Cordes, Stefan; Moore, Gregory; Ramgoolam, Sanjaye
1995-01-01
These are expository lectures reviewing (1) recent developments in two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory, and (2) the construction of topological field theory Lagrangians. Topological field theory is discussed from the point of view of infinite-dimensional differential geometry. We emphasize the unifying role of equivariant cohomology both as the underlying principle in the formulation of BRST transformation laws and as a central concept in the geometrical interpretation of topological field theory path integrals.
A solution to the non-linear equations of D=10 super Yang-Mills theory
Mafra, Carlos R
2015-01-01
In this letter, we present a formal solution to the non-linear field equations of ten-dimensional super Yang--Mills theory. It is assembled from products of linearized superfields which have been introduced as multiparticle superfields in the context of superstring perturbation theory. Their explicit form follows recursively from the conformal field theory description of the gluon multiplet in the pure spinor superstring. Furthermore, superfields of higher mass dimensions are defined and their equations of motion spelled out.
Simplifying amplitudes in Maxwell-Einstein and Yang-Mills-Einstein supergravities
Chiodaroli, Marco
2016-01-01
This article reviews recent progress in formulating double-copy constructions for scattering amplitudes in supergravity theories with N=2 supersymmetry in five and four spacetime dimensions. Particular attention is devoted to infinite families of Maxwell-Einstein theories with symmetric and homogeneous target spaces and to Yang-Mills-Einstein theories with compact gauge groups. Extension of the construction to theories with spontaneously-broken gauge symmetry is also discussed.
5D maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills in 4D superspace. Applications
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
McGarrie, Moritz
2013-03-15
We reformulate 5D maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills in 4D Superspace, for a manifold with boundaries. We emphasise certain features and conventions necessary to allow for supersymmetric model building applications. Finally we apply the holographic interpretation of a slice of AdS and show how to generate Dirac soft masses between external source fields, as well as kinetic mixing, as a boundary effective action.
Picard-Fuchs Ordinary Differential Systems in N=2 Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Theories
Ohta, Yuji
1998-01-01
In general, Picard-Fuchs systems in N=2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories are realized as a set of simultaneous partial differential equations. However, if the QCD scale parameter is used as unique independent variable instead of moduli, the resulting Picard-Fuchs systems are represented by a single ordinary differential equation (ODE) whose order coincides with the total number of independent periods. This paper discusses some properties of these Picard-Fuchs ODEs. In contrast with the usua...
Picard-Fuchs Equations and Prepotential in N=2 Supersymmetric G_{2} Yang-Mills Theory
Ito, Katsushi
1997-01-01
We study the low-energy effective theory of N=2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory with the exceptional gauge group $G_{2}$. We obtain the Picard-Fuchs equations for the $G_{2}$ spectral curve and compute multi-instanton contribution to the prepotential. We find that the spectral curve is consistent with the microscopic supersymmetric instanton calculus. It is also shown that $G_{2}$ hyperelliptic curve does not reproduce the microscopic result.
A pedagogical introduction to the Slavnov formulation of quantum Yang-Mills theory
Ghorbani, Hossein
2010-01-01
Over the last few years, Slavnov has proposed a formulation of quantum Yang-Mills theory in the Coulomb gauge which preserves simultaneously manifest Lorentz invariance and gauge invariance of the ghost field Lagrangian. This paper presents in detail some of the necessary calculations, i.e. those dealing with the functional integral for the S-matrix and its invariance under shifted gauge transformations. The extension of this formalism to quantum gravity in the Prentki gauge deserves consideration.
Regge Trajectories in $\\mathcal{N}=2$ Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Theory
Cordova, Clay
2015-01-01
We demonstrate that $\\mathcal{N}=2$ supersymmetric non-Abelian gauge theories have towers of BPS particles obeying a Regge relation, $J \\sim m^{2},$ between their angular momenta, $J,$ and their masses, $m$. For $SU(N)$ Yang-Mills theories, we estimate the slope of these Regge trajectories using a non-relativistic quiver quantum mechanics model. Along the way, we also prove various structure theorems for the quiver moduli spaces that appear in the calculation.
Gaussian and Mean Field Approximations for Reduced 4D Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Integral
Sugino, Fumihiko
2001-01-01
In this paper, we consider a reduced supersymmetric Yang-Mills integral with four supercharges by using a Gaussian approximation scheme and its improved version. We calculate the free energy and the expectation values of Polyakov loop and Wilson loop operators by extending the method employed in the bosonic case in the previous paper. Our results nicely match to the exact and the numerical results obtained before. The loop amplitudes exhibit good scaling behaviors similarly as in the bosonic ...
Gaussian and Mean Field Approximations for Reduced Yang-Mills Integrals
Oda, Satsuki; Sugino, Fumihiko
2000-01-01
In this paper, we consider bosonic reduced Yang-Mills integrals by using some approximation schemes, which are a kind of mean field approximation called Gaussian approximation and its improved version. We calculate the free energy and the expectation values of various operators including Polyakov loop and Wilson loop. Our results nicely match to the exact and the numerical results obtained before. Quite good scaling behaviors of the Polyakov loop and of the Wilson loop can be seen under the '...
Spontaneous breaking of color in N=1 Super Yang-Mills theory without matter
Diakonov, D; Diakonov, Dmitri; Petrov, Victor
2002-01-01
We argue that in the pure N=1 Super Yang-Mills theory gauge symmetry is spontaneously broken to the maximal Abelian subgroup. In particular, colored gluino condensate is nonzero. It invalidates, in a subtle way, the so-called strong-coupling instanton calculation of the (normal) gluino condensate and resolves the long-standing paradox why its value does not agree with that obtained by other methods.
Darboux transformation and solitons of Yang-Mills-Higgs equations in R2,1
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
谷超豪
2002-01-01
The Darboux transformations for soliton equations are applied to the Yang-Mills-Higgs equations.New solutions can be obtained from a known one via universal and purely algebraic formulas. SU(N) soliton solutions are constructed with explicit formulas. The interaction of solitons is described by the splitting theorem:each p-soliton is splitting into p single solitons asymptotically as t →±∞.
Asymptotically flat, stable black hole solutions in Einstein-Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons theory.
Brihaye, Yves; Radu, Eugen; Tchrakian, D H
2011-02-18
We construct finite mass, asymptotically flat black hole solutions in d=5 Einstein-Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons theory. Our results indicate the existence of a second order phase transition between Reissner-Nordström solutions and the non-Abelian black holes which generically are thermodynamically preferred. Some of the non-Abelian configurations are also stable under linear, spherically symmetric perturbations. PMID:21405506
Universality for SU(2) Yang-Mills theory in (2+1)D
Hamer, C J; Weihong, Z; Schütte, D R; Weihong, Zheng
1996-01-01
The Green's Function Monte Carlo method of Chin et al is applied to SU(2) Yang-Mills theory in (2+1)D. Accurate measurements are obtained for the ground-state energy and mean plaquette value, and for various Wilson loops. The results are compared with series expansions and coupled cluster estimates, and with the Euclidean Monte Carlo results of Teper. A striking demonstration of universality between the Hamiltonian and Euclidean formulations is obtained.
Emergence of Yang Mills theory from the Non-Abelian Nambu Model
Escobar, C A
2016-01-01
The equivalence between the Non-Abelian Nambu model (NANM) and Yang Mills theory is proved, after demanding the Gauss laws at some initial time to the first one. Thereby, the Lorentz violation encoded into the constraint that defines the NANM is physically unobservable. As result, the Goldstone bosons in the NANM arising from the spontaneous symmetry breaking can be identified as the standard gauge fields.
Evidence for fractional topological charge in SU(2) pure Yang-Mills theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We investigate the spectral flows of the hermitian Wilson-Dirac operator in the fundamental and adjoint representations on two ensembles of pure SU(2) gauge field configurations at the same physical volume. We find several background gauge field configurations where the index of the hermitian Wilson-Dirac operator in the adjoint representation is not four times the index in the fundamental representation. This could imply a topological basis for the existence of degenerate vacua in supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories
PP-wave string interactions from perturbative Yang-Mills theory
Constable, N R; Headrick, M; Minwalla, S; Motl, L; Postnikov, A; Skiba, W; Constable, Neil R.; Freedman, Daniel Z.; Headrick, Matthew; Minwalla, Shiraz; Motl, Lubos; Postnikov, Alexander; Skiba, Witold
2002-01-01
Recently, Berenstein et al. have proposed a duality between a sector of N=4 super-Yang-Mills theory with large R-charge J, and string theory in a pp-wave background. In the limit considered, the effective 't Hooft coupling has been argued to be lambda'=g_{YM}^2 N/J^2=1/(mu p^+ alpha')^2. We study Yang-Mills theory at small lambda' (large mu) with a view to reproducing string interactions. We demonstrate that the effective genus counting parameter of the Yang-Mills theory is g_2^2=J^4/N^2=(4 pi g_s)^2 (mu p^+ alpha')^4, the effective two-dimensional Newton constant for strings propagating on the pp-wave background. We identify g_2 sqrt{lambda'} as the effective coupling between a wide class of excited string states on the pp-wave background. We compute the anomalous dimensions of BMN operators at first order in g_2^2 and lambda' and interpret our result as the genus one mass renormalization of the corresponding string state. We postulate a relation between the three-string vertex function and the gauge theory ...
Supercurrent and the Adler-Bardeen theorem in coupled supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
By the Adler-Bardeen theorem, only one-loop Feynman diagrams contribute to the anomalous divergences of quantum axial currents. The anomalous nature of scale transformations is manifested by an anomalous trace of the energy-momentum tensor, T/sup μ//sub μ/. Renormalization group arguments show that the quantum T/sup μ//sub μ/ must be proportional to the β-function. Since the β-function receives contributions at all loop levels, the Adler-Bardeen theorem appears to conflict with supersymmetry. Recently Grisaru, Milewski and Zanon constructed a supersymmetric axial current for pure supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory which satisfies the Adler-Bardeen theorem to two-loops. They used supersymmetric background field theory and regularization by dimensional reduction to maintain manifest supersymmetry and gauge invariance. In this thesis, their construction is extended to supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory coupled to chiral matter fields. The Adler-Bardeen theorem is then proven to all orders in perturbation theory for both the pure and coupled theories. The extension to coupled supersymmetric Yang-Mills supports the general validity of these techniques, and adds considerable insight into the structure of the anomalies. The all orders proof demonstrates that there is no conflict between supersymmetry and the Adler-Bardeen theorem
Effective metrics in the non-minimal Einstein-Yang-Mills-Higgs theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We formulate a self-consistent non-minimal five-parameter Einstein-Yang-Mills-Higgs (EYMH) model and analyse it in terms of effective (associated, color and color-acoustic) metrics. We use a formalism of constitutive tensors in order to reformulate master equations for the gauge, scalar and gravitational fields and reconstruct in the algebraic manner the so-called associated metrics for the Yang-Mills field. Using WKB-approximation we find color metrics for the Yang-Mills field and color-acoustic metric for the Higgs field in the framework of five-parameter EYMH model. Based on explicit representation of these effective metrics for the EYMH system with uniaxial symmetry, we consider cosmological applications for Bianchi-I, FLRW and de Sitter models. We focus on the analysis of the obtained expressions for velocities of propagation of longitudinal and transversal color and color-acoustic waves in a (quasi)vacuum interacting with curvature; we show that curvature coupling results in time variations of these velocities. We show, that the effective metrics can be regular or can possess singularities depending on the choice of the parameters of non-minimal coupling in the cosmological models under discussion. We consider a physical interpretation of such singularities in terms of phase velocities of color and color-acoustic waves, using the terms 'wave stopping' and 'trapped surface'
Pitts, J Brian
2016-01-01
Classical and quantum field theory provide not only realistic examples of extant notions of empirical equivalence, but also new notions of empirical equivalence, both modal and occurrent. A simple but modern gravitational case goes back to the 1890s, but there has been apparently total neglect of the simplest relativistic analog, with the result that an erroneous claim has taken root that Special Relativity could not have accommodated gravity even if there were no bending of light. The fairly recent acceptance of nonzero neutrino masses shows that widely neglected possibilities for nonzero particle masses have sometimes been vindicated. In the electromagnetic case, there is permanent underdetermination at the classical and quantum levels between Maxwell's theory and the one-parameter family of Proca's electromagnetisms with massive photons, which approximate Maxwell's theory in the limit of zero photon mass. While Yang-Mills theories display similar approximate equivalence classically, quantization typically ...
Structure constants of β deformed super Yang-Mills
David, Justin R.; Sadhukhan, Abhishake
2013-10-01
We study the structure constants of the beta deformed theory perturbatively and at strong coupling. We show that the planar one loop corrections to the structure constants of single trace gauge invariant operators in the scalar sector is determined by the anomalous dimension Hamiltonian. This result implies that 3 point functions of the chiral primaries of the theory do not receive corrections at one loop. We then studythe structure constants at strong coupling using the Lunin-Maldacena geometry. We explicitly construct the supergravity mode dual to the chiral primary with three equal U(1) R-charges in the Lunin-Maldacena geometry. We show that the 3 point function of this supergravity mode with semi-classical states representing two other similar chiral primary states but with large U(1) charges to be independent of the beta deformation and identical to that found in the AdS 5 × S 5 geometry. This together with the one-loop result indicate that these structure constants are protected by a non-renormalization theorem. We also show that three point function of U(1) R-currents with classical massive strings is proportional to the R-charge carried by the string solution. This is in accordance with the prediction of the R-symmetry Ward identity.
The Confinement Mechanism in Yang-Mills Theory?
Magpantay, J A
1999-01-01
Using the recently proposed non-linear gauge condition, we show the area law behavior of the Wilson loop and the linear dependence of the instantaneous gluon propagator. The field configurations responsible for confinement are those in the non-linear sector of the gauge-fixing condition (the linear sector being the Coulomb gauge). The non-linear sector is actually composed of "Gribov horizons" on the surfaces parallel to the Coulomb surface. In this sector, the gauge field can be expressed in terms of a scalar field and a new vector field. The effective dynamics of the scalar field suggests non-perturbative effects. This was confirmed by showing that all spherically symmetric (in 4-D Euclidean) scalar fields are classical solutions and averaging these solutions using a qaussian distribution (thereby treating these fields as random) lead to confinement. In essence the confinement mechanism is not quantum mechanical in nature but simply a statistical treatment of classical spherically symmetric fields on the "h...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Pedro Romano-Aportela
2011-01-01
Full Text Available Se analizan las interacciones electromagnéticas y nucleares débiles utilizando el principio fundamental de simetría en espacios abstractos denominados teoría de campos de Yang-Mills, también conocidos como campos de norma (gauge fields y el mecanismo de Higgs. Los campos de norma actúan como mediadores de las interacciones, cuyo alcance está determinado de manera directa por la masa. Por este motivo los campos de norma se unen al mecanismo de Higgs que genera masa a los portadores de las interacciones, manteniendo la teoría invariante bajo una transformación de norma. Esto se logra a través de un rompimiento espontaneo de simetría para finalmente aplicar esta metodología con la finalidad de unificar las teorías de las interacciones considerando el modelo estándar de Weinberg-Salam.The electromagnetic and weak nuclear interactions are analyzed using the fundamental principle of symmetry in abstract spaces named theory of Yang-Mills fields, also known as gauge fields, and Higgs's mechanism. Gauge fields are mediators of interactions, whose scope is determined directly by the mass. For this reason, gauge fields are joined with the Higgs mechanism that generates mass to the interaction carriers, maintaining the invariant theory under a gauge transformation. This is achieved through spontaneous symmetry breaking to finally applying this methodology in order to unify the theories of interactions considering the Weinberg-Salam standard model.
On the absence of black hole event horizons: a test of De Sitter Yang-Mills Theory
Andersen, Timothy D
2014-01-01
De Sitter Quantum Gravity is a Yang-Mills theory based on the de Sitter or SO(4,1) group and a promising candidate for a quantum theory of gravity. In this paper, an exact, static, spherically symmetric solution of the classical equations is derived. I show that when the Schwarzchild radius to distance ratio is at post-Newtonian order the theory agrees with general relativity for all parameters but that, once the ratio becomes closer to unity, they differ. At the Schwarzchild radius from a black hole singularity, general relativity predicts an event horizon, which has become a controversial topic in quantum gravity because of information preservation issues. In the De Sitter theory I show, however, that time-like escape paths exist for any mass black hole until the singularity itself is reached. Since an event horizon has never been directly observed and there is currently no observation on which the two theories disagree, this provides a powerful test of the De Sitter theory.
Gale, Charles; Schenke, Bjoern; Tribedy, Prithwish; Venugopalan, Raju
2012-01-01
Anisotropic flow coefficients v_1-v_5 in heavy ion collisions are computed by combining a classical Yang-Mills description of the early time glasma flow with the subsequent relativistic viscous hydrodynamic evolution of matter through the quark-gluon plasma and hadron gas phases. The glasma dynamics, as realized in the IP-Glasma model, takes into account event-by-event geometric fluctuations in nucleon positions and intrinsic sub-nucleon scale color charge fluctuations; the pre-equilibrium flow of matter is then matched to the MUSIC algorithm describing viscous hydrodynamic flow and particle production at freeze-out. The IP-Glasma+MUSIC model describes well both transverse momentum dependent and integrated v_n data measured at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). The model also reproduces the event-by-event distributions of v_2, v_3 and v_4 measured by the ATLAS collaboration. The implications of our results for better understanding of the dynamics of the glasma as w...
Topological Strings, Two-Dimensional Yang-Mills Theory and Chern-Simons Theory on Torus Bundles
Caporaso, N; Griguolo, L; Pasquetti, S; Seminara, D; Szabó, R J
2006-01-01
We study the relations between two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory on the torus, topological string theory on a Calabi-Yau threefold whose local geometry is the sum of two line bundles over the torus, and Chern-Simons theory on torus bundles. The chiral partition function of the Yang-Mills gauge theory in the large N limit is shown to coincide with the topological string amplitude computed by topological vertex techniques. We use Yang-Mills theory as an efficient tool for the computation of Gromov-Witten invariants and derive explicitly their relation with Hurwitz numbers of the torus. We calculate the Gopakumar-Vafa invariants, whose integrality gives a non-trivial confirmation of the conjectured nonperturbative relation between two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory and topological string theory. We also demonstrate how the gauge theory leads to a simple combinatorial solution for the Donaldson-Thomas theory of the Calabi-Yau background. We match the instanton representation of Yang-Mills theory on the torus with ...
Reformulations of the Yang-Mills theory toward quark confinement and mass gap
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kondo, Kei-Ichi; Shinohara, Toru [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Chiba University, Chiba 263-8522 (Japan); Kato, Seikou [Fukui National College of Technology, Sabae 916-8507 (Japan); Shibata, Akihiro [Computing Research Center, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba 305-0801 (Japan)
2016-01-22
We propose the reformulations of the SU (N) Yang-Mills theory toward quark confinement and mass gap. In fact, we have given a new framework for reformulating the SU (N) Yang-Mills theory using new field variables. This includes the preceding works given by Cho, Faddeev and Niemi, as a special case called the maximal option in our reformulations. The advantage of our reformulations is that the original non-Abelian gauge field variables can be changed into the new field variables such that one of them called the restricted field gives the dominant contribution to quark confinement in the gauge-independent way. Our reformulations can be combined with the SU (N) extension of the Diakonov-Petrov version of the non-Abelian Stokes theorem for the Wilson loop operator to give a gauge-invariant definition for the magnetic monopole in the SU (N) Yang-Mills theory without the scalar field. In the so-called minimal option, especially, the restricted field is non-Abelian and involves the non-Abelian magnetic monopole with the stability group U (N− 1). This suggests the non-Abelian dual superconductivity picture for quark confinement. This should be compared with the maximal option: the restricted field is Abelian and involves only the Abelian magnetic monopoles with the stability group U(1){sup N−1}, just like the Abelian projection. We give some applications of this reformulation, e.g., the stability for the homogeneous chromomagnetic condensation of the Savvidy type, the large N treatment for deriving the dimensional transmutation and understanding the mass gap, and also the numerical simulations on a lattice which are given by Dr. Shibata in a subsequent talk.
Reformulations of the Yang-Mills theory toward quark confinement and mass gap
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We propose the reformulations of the SU (N) Yang-Mills theory toward quark confinement and mass gap. In fact, we have given a new framework for reformulating the SU (N) Yang-Mills theory using new field variables. This includes the preceding works given by Cho, Faddeev and Niemi, as a special case called the maximal option in our reformulations. The advantage of our reformulations is that the original non-Abelian gauge field variables can be changed into the new field variables such that one of them called the restricted field gives the dominant contribution to quark confinement in the gauge-independent way. Our reformulations can be combined with the SU (N) extension of the Diakonov-Petrov version of the non-Abelian Stokes theorem for the Wilson loop operator to give a gauge-invariant definition for the magnetic monopole in the SU (N) Yang-Mills theory without the scalar field. In the so-called minimal option, especially, the restricted field is non-Abelian and involves the non-Abelian magnetic monopole with the stability group U (N− 1). This suggests the non-Abelian dual superconductivity picture for quark confinement. This should be compared with the maximal option: the restricted field is Abelian and involves only the Abelian magnetic monopoles with the stability group U(1)N−1, just like the Abelian projection. We give some applications of this reformulation, e.g., the stability for the homogeneous chromomagnetic condensation of the Savvidy type, the large N treatment for deriving the dimensional transmutation and understanding the mass gap, and also the numerical simulations on a lattice which are given by Dr. Shibata in a subsequent talk
Reformulations of the Yang-Mills theory toward quark confinement and mass gap
Kondo, Kei-Ichi; Kato, Seikou; Shibata, Akihiro; Shinohara, Toru
2016-01-01
We propose the reformulations of the SU (N) Yang-Mills theory toward quark confinement and mass gap. In fact, we have given a new framework for reformulating the SU (N) Yang-Mills theory using new field variables. This includes the preceding works given by Cho, Faddeev and Niemi, as a special case called the maximal option in our reformulations. The advantage of our reformulations is that the original non-Abelian gauge field variables can be changed into the new field variables such that one of them called the restricted field gives the dominant contribution to quark confinement in the gauge-independent way. Our reformulations can be combined with the SU (N) extension of the Diakonov-Petrov version of the non-Abelian Stokes theorem for the Wilson loop operator to give a gauge-invariant definition for the magnetic monopole in the SU (N) Yang-Mills theory without the scalar field. In the so-called minimal option, especially, the restricted field is non-Abelian and involves the non-Abelian magnetic monopole with the stability group U (N- 1). This suggests the non-Abelian dual superconductivity picture for quark confinement. This should be compared with the maximal option: the restricted field is Abelian and involves only the Abelian magnetic monopoles with the stability group U(1)N-1, just like the Abelian projection. We give some applications of this reformulation, e.g., the stability for the homogeneous chromomagnetic condensation of the Savvidy type, the large N treatment for deriving the dimensional transmutation and understanding the mass gap, and also the numerical simulations on a lattice which are given by Dr. Shibata in a subsequent talk.
Coupled equations for K\\"ahler metrics and Yang-Mills connections (Thesis)
Garcia-Fernandez, Mario
2011-01-01
We study equations on a principal bundle over a compact complex manifold coupling connections on the bundle with K\\"ahler structures in the base. These equations generalize the conditions of constant scalar curvature for a K\\"ahler metric and Hermite-Yang-Mills for a connection. We provide a moment map interpretation of the equations and study obstructions for the existence of solutions, generalizing the Futaki character and the Mabuchi K-energy. We explain their relationship to the algebro-geometric moduli problem for pairs consisting of a polarized variety and a holomorphic vector bundle.
Global solutions of Yang-Mills equations on anti-de Sitter spacetime
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Choquet-Bruhat, Y. (Paris Univ. (France). Mecanique Relativiste)
1989-12-01
Anti-de Sitter spacetime is a C{sup {infinity}} manifold diffeomorphic to R{sup 4}, endowed with a C{sup {infinity}} metric of hyperbolic signature. However this spacetime is not globally hyperbolic, and the known results about the solution of the Cauchy problem for wave equations on Lorentzian manifolds do not apply, even for a small interval of time and even for linear equations. We prove the global existence of a solution of the Cauchy problem for the Yang-Mills-Higgs equations on anti-de Sitter spacetime, under the condition that there is no radiation at timelike infinity, a condition that is explained mathematically. (author).
Goursat problem for the Yang-Mills-Vlasov system in temporal gauge
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Marcel Dossa
2011-12-01
Full Text Available This article studies the characteristic Cauchy problem for the Yang-Mills-Vlasov (YMV system in temporal gauge, where the initial data are specified on two intersecting smooth characteristic hypersurfaces of Minkowski spacetime $(mathbb{R}^{4},eta $. Under a $mathcal{C}^{infty }$ hypothesis on the data, we solve the initial constraint problem and the evolution problem. Local in time existence and uniqueness results are established thanks to a suitable combination of the method of characteristics, Leray's Theory of hyperbolic systems and techniques developed by Choquet-Bruhat for ordinary spatial Cauchy problems related to (YMV systems.
Towards the large N limit of pure Nu = 1 super Yang-Mills theory.
Maldacena, J; Nuñez, C
2001-01-22
We find the gravity solution corresponding to a large number of Neveu-Schwarz or D5-branes wrapped on a two sphere so that we have pure Nu = 1 super Yang-Mills in the IR. The supergravity solution is smooth, it shows confinement, and it breaks the U(1)(R) chiral symmetry in the appropriate way. When the gravity approximation is valid the masses of glueballs are comparable to the masses of Kaluza-Klein (KK) states on the 5-brane, but if we could quantize strings on this background it looks like we should be able to decouple the KK states. PMID:11177888
The state equation of Yang-Mills field dark energy models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this paper, we study the possibility of building Yang-Mills (YM) field dark energy models with equation of state (EoS) crossing -1, and find that it cannot be realized by the single YM field models, no matter what kind of Lagrangian or initial condition. But the states of -1 -1 to <-1, and it will go to the critical state of ω = -1 with the expansion of the universe, which character is the same as the single YM field models, and the big rip is naturally avoided
Supergravity Backgrounds for Four-Dimensional Maximally Supersymmetric Yang-Mills
Maxfield, Travis
2016-01-01
In this note, we describe supersymmetric backgrounds for the four-dimensional maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. As an extension of the method of Festuccia and Seiberg to sixteen supercharges in four dimensions, we utilize the coupling of the gauge theory to maximally extended conformal supergravity. Included among the fields of the conformal supergravity multiplet is the complexified coupling parameter of the gauge theory; therefore, backgrounds with spacetime varying coupling--such as appear in F-theory and Janus configurations--are naturally included in this formalism. We demonstrate this with a few examples from past literature.
Loop lessons from Wilson loops in N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory
Anastasiou, Charalampos(Institute for Theoretical Physics, ETH Zürich, Zürich, 8093, Switzerland); Banfi, Andrea
2011-01-01
N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory exhibits a rather surprising duality of Wilson-loop vacuum expectation values and scattering amplitudes. In this paper, we investigate this correspondence at the diagram level. We find that one-loop triangles, one-loop boxes, and two-loop diagonal boxes can be cast as simple one- and two- parametric integrals over a single propagator in configuration space. We observe that the two-loop Wilson-loop "hard-diagram" corresponds to a four-loop hexagon Feynman d...
Chern--Simons--Yang--Mills system in presence of Gribov horizon with fundamental Higgs matter
Gomez, Arturo J; Sorella, Silvio P
2015-01-01
In this work we study the behaviour of Yang--Mills--Chern--Simons theory coupled to a Higgs field in the fundamental representation by taking into account the effects of the presence of the Gribov horizon. By analyzing the infrared structure of the gauge field propagator, both confined and de-confined regions can be detected. The confined region corresponds to the appearance of complex poles in the propagators, while the de-confined one to the presence of real poles. One can move from one region to another by changing the parameters of the theory.
From decay to complete breaking: pulling the strings in SU(2) Yang-Mills theory.
Pepe, M; Wiese, U-J
2009-05-15
We study {2Q+1} strings connecting two static charges Q in (2+1)D SU(2) Yang-Mills theory. While the fundamental {2} string between two charges Q=1/2 is unbreakable, the adjoint {3} string connecting two charges Q=1 can break. When a {4} string is stretched beyond a critical length, it decays into a {2} string by gluon pair creation. When a {5} string is stretched, it first decays into a {3} string, which eventually breaks completely. The energy of the screened charges at the ends of a string is well described by a phenomenological constituent gluon model.
Large N 2d Yang-Mills theory and topological string theory
Cordes, S F; Ramgoolam, S
1994-01-01
We describe a topological string theory which reproduces many aspects of the 1/N expansion of SU(N) Yang-Mills theory in two spacetime dimensions in the zero coupling (A=0) limit. The string theory is a modified version of topological gravity coupled to a topological sigma model with spacetime as target. The derivation of the string theory relies on a new interpretation of Gross and Taylor's ``Ømega^{-1} points.'' We describe how inclusion of the area, coupling of chiral sectors, and Wilson loop expectation values can be incorporated in the topological string approach.
(2,0)-Super-Yang-Mills coupled to non-linear σ-model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Considering a class of (2,0)-super yang-Mills multiplets that accommodate a pair of independent gauge potentials in connection with a single symmetry group, we present here their coupling to ordinary matter to non-linear σ-models in (2,0)-superspace. The dynamics and the coupling of the gauge potentials are discussed and the interesting feature that comes out is a sort of chirality for one of the gauge potentials are discussed and the interesting feature that comes out is a sort of chirality for one of the gauge potentials once light-cone coordinates are chosen. (author)
Wilson punctured network defects in 2D q-deformed Yang-Mills theory
Watanabe, Noriaki
2016-01-01
In the context of class S theories and 4D/2D duality relations there, we discuss the skein relations of general topological defects on the 2D side which are expected to be counterparts of composite surface-line operators in 4D class S theory. Such defects are geometrically interpreted as networks in a three dimensional space. We also propose a conjectural computational procedure for such defects in two dimensional SU(N) topological q-deformed Yang-Mills theory by interpreting it as a statistical mechanical system associated with ideal triangulations.
Non-perturbative BRST quantization of Euclidean Yang-Mills theories in Curci-Ferrari gauges
Pereira, A D; Sorella, S P
2016-01-01
In this paper we address the issue of the non-perturbative quantization of Euclidean Yang-Mills theories in the Curci-Ferrari gauge. In particular, we construct a Refined Gribov-Zwanziger action for this gauge which takes into account the presence of gauge copies as well as the dynamical formation of dimension two condensates. This action enjoys a non-perturbative BRST symmetry recently proposed in \\cite{Capri:2015ixa}. Finally, we give attention to the gluon propagator in different space-time dimensions.
Local integrands for two-loop all-plus Yang-Mills amplitudes
Badger, Simon; Peraro, Tiziano
2016-01-01
We express the planar five- and six-gluon two-loop Yang-Mills amplitudes with all positive helicities in compact analytic form using D-dimensional local integrands that are free of spurious singularities. The integrand is fixed from on-shell tree amplitudes in six dimensions using D-dimensional generalised unitarity cuts. The resulting expressions are shown to have manifest infrared behaviour at the integrand level. We also find simple representations of the rational terms obtained after integration in 4-2epsilon dimensions.
Two-Loop Iteration of Five-Point ${\\cal N}=4$ Super-Yang-Mills Amplitudes
Bern, Z.; Czakon, M.; Kosower, David,; Roiban, R.; Smirnov, V.A.
2006-01-01
URL: http://www-spht.cea.fr/articles/T06/032 http://fr.arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/0604074 International audience We confirm by explicit computation the conjectured all-orders iteration of planar maximally supersymmetric ${\\cal N}=4$ Yang-Mills theory in the nontrivial case of five-point two-loop amplitudes. We compute the required unitarity cuts of the integrand and evaluate the resulting integrals numerically using a Mellin--Barnes representation and the automated package of M.~Czakon (hep-p...
From decay to complete breaking: pulling the strings in SU(2) Yang-Mills theory.
Pepe, M; Wiese, U-J
2009-05-15
We study {2Q+1} strings connecting two static charges Q in (2+1)D SU(2) Yang-Mills theory. While the fundamental {2} string between two charges Q=1/2 is unbreakable, the adjoint {3} string connecting two charges Q=1 can break. When a {4} string is stretched beyond a critical length, it decays into a {2} string by gluon pair creation. When a {5} string is stretched, it first decays into a {3} string, which eventually breaks completely. The energy of the screened charges at the ends of a string is well described by a phenomenological constituent gluon model. PMID:19518940
The (confinement) structure of Yang-Mills-theories within a Bose-BCS-theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
It is the purpose of this talk to report on a first attempt to apply (non-perturbative) techniques of many-body theory to a field-theory of the Yang-Mills-type. The procedure is in principle analogous to lattice calculations: In order to make the field-theoretical hamiltonian a well-behaved operator in the Fock-space, a phasespace-cutoff is assumed for the definition of the field operators. The coupling constant g then becomes a function of this cutoff which is fixed by some physical property like a glue-ball mass. (orig./HSI)
Cut-and-join operators and N=4 super Yang-Mills
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Brown, T.W. [DESY, Hamburg (Germany). Theory Group
2010-02-15
We show which multi-trace structures are compatible with the symmetrisation of local operators in N=4 super Yang-Mills when they are organised into representations of the global symmetry group. Cut-and-join operators give the non-planar expansion of correlation functions of these operators in the free theory. Using these techniques we find the 1/N corrections to the quarter-BPS operators which remain protected at weak coupling. We also present a new way of counting these chiral ring operators using the Weyl group S{sub N}. (orig.)
Gluon scattering in N=4 super-Yang-Mills theory fromweak to strong coupling
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dixon, Lance J.; /SLAC
2008-03-25
I describe some recent developments in the understanding of gluon scattering amplitudes in N = 4 super-Yang-Mills theory in the large-N{sub c} limit. These amplitudes can be computed to high orders in the weak coupling expansion, and also now at strong coupling using the AdS/CFT correspondence. They hold the promise of being solvable to all orders in the gauge coupling, with the help of techniques based on integrability. They are intimately related to expectation values for polygonal Wilson loops composed of light-like segments.
A BRST gauge-fixing procedure for Yang-Mills theory on sphere
Banerjee, Rabin; Deguchi, Shinichi
2005-01-01
A gauge-fixing procedure for the Yang-Mills theory on an n-dimensional sphere (or a hypersphere) is discussed in a systematic manner. We claim that Adler's gauge-fixing condition used in massless Euclidean QED on a hypersphere is not conventional because of the presence of an extra free index, and hence is unfavorable for the gauge-fixing procedure based on the BRST invariance principle (or simply BRST gauge-fixing procedure). Choosing a suitable gauge condition, which is proved to be equival...
Adler-Bardeen theorem in coupled supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This paper reports on the supercurrent and a supersymmetric current which satisfies the Adler-Bardeen (A-B) theorem in supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory coupled to non-self interacting chiral matter. Preserving supersymmetry and gauge invariance explicitly, the authors verify the finiteness of the supercurrent to one loop, and A-B theorem to two loops by explicit calculations in the minimal-subtraction scheme. The authors demonstrate the subtraction-scheme independence of the one-loop anomaly and prove the existence of a subtraction scheme in which A-B theorem is satisfied to all orders in perturbation theory
Supersymmetric Adler-Bardeen anomaly in N=1 super-Yang-Mills theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We provide a study of the supersymmetric Adler-Bardeen anomaly in the N=1, d=4,6,10 super-Yang-Mills theories. We work in the component formalism that includes shadow fields, for which Slavnov-Taylor identities can be independently set for both gauge invariance and supersymmetry. We find a method with improved descent equations for getting the solutions of the consistency conditions of both Slavnov-Taylor identities and finding the local field polynomials for the standard Adler-Bardeen anomaly and its supersymmetric counterpart. We give the explicit solution for the ten-dimensional case
Fifty years of Yang-Mills Theories: a phenomenological point of view
De Rújula, Alvaro
2005-01-01
On the occasion of the celebration of the first half-century of Yang--Mills theories, I am contributing a personal recollection of how the subject, in its early times, confronted physical reality, that is, its "phenomenology". There is nothing original in this work, except, perhaps, my own points of view. But I hope that the older practitioners of the field will find here grounds for nostalgia, or good reasons to disagree with me. Younger addicts may learn that history does not resemble at all what is reflected in current textbooks: it was orders of magnitude more fascinating.
Let's Twist Again: N=2 Super Yang Mills Theory Coupled To Matter
Maggiore, Nicola
2010-01-01
We give the twisted version of N=2 Super Yang Mills theory coupled to matter, including quantum fields, supersymmetry transformations, action and algebraic structure. We show that the whole action, coupled to matter, can be written as the variation of a nilpotent operator, modulo field equations. An extended Slavnov-Taylor identity, collecting gauge symmetry and supersymmetry, is written, which allows to define the web of algebraic constraints, in view of the algebraic renormalization and of the extension of the non-renormalization theorems holding for N=2 SYM theory without matter.
Kallen, Johan; Zabzine, Maxim
2012-01-01
Based on the construction by Hosomichi, Seong and Terashima we consider N=1 supersymmetric 5D Yang-Mills theory with matter on a five-sphere with radius r. This theory can be thought of as a deformation of the theory in flat space with deformation parameter r and this deformation preserves 8 supercharges. We calculate the full perturbative partition function as a function of r/g^2, where g is the Yang-Mills coupling, and the answer is given in terms of a matrix model. We perform the calculation using localization techniques. We also argue that in the large N-limit of this deformed 5D Yang-Mills theory this matrix model provides the leading contribution to the partition function and the rest is exponentially suppressed.
Mass Deformations of Super Yang-Mills Theories in D= 2+1, and Super-Membranes: A Note
Agarwal, Abhishek
2008-01-01
Mass deformations of supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories in three spacetime dimensions are considered. The gluons of the theories are made massive by the inclusion of a non-local gauge and Poincare invariant mass term due to Alexanian and Nair, while the matter fields are given standard Gaussian mass-terms. It is shown that the dimensional reduction of such mass deformed gauge theories defined on $R^3$ or $R\\times T^2$ produces matrix quantum mechanics with massive spectra. In particular, all known massive matrix quantum mechanical models obtained by the deformations of dimensional reductions of minimal super Yang-Mills theories in diverse dimensions are shown also to arise from the dimensional reductions of appropriate massive Yang-Mills theories in three spacetime dimensions. Explicit formulae for the gauge theory actions are provided.
Dark Energy and Dark Matter from Yang-Mills Condensate and the Peccei-Quinn mechanism
Addazi, Andrea; Marcianò, Antonino
2016-01-01
The idea that Dark Energy originates from a Yang-Mills condensate has been so far instantiated relying on the asymptotically-free perturbative expansion of SU(N) gauge-theories. This procedure is more appropriate in the ultra-violet regime than in the infrared limit, since SU(N) Yang-Mills theories generically show confinement. We approach the problem from the point of view of the functional renormalization group, and ground our study on the properties of the effective Lagrangian, to be determined non-perturbatively. Under very mild assumptions, some of us \\cite{Dona:2015xia} have shown that if the effective Lagrangian has a minimum in the order parameter, YMC with equation of state $w_{\\rm YMC} =-1$ actually originates in the infrared limit. At large redshift, the YMC Dark Energy has an evolution governed by a radiation-like equation of state parameter, i.e. $w_{\\rm YMC} \\rightarrow 1/3$, while at most recent redshift, the universe evolves asymptotically towards an accelerated de Sitter phase. In the contest...
Thermodynamics of SU(2) quantum Yang-Mills theory and CMB anomalies
Hofmann, Ralf
2013-01-01
A brief review of effective SU(2) Yang-Mills thermodynamics in the deconfining phase is given, including the construction of the thermal ground-state estimate in terms of an inert, adjoint scalar field $\\phi$, based on non-propagating (anti)selfdual field configurations of topological charge unity. We explain why the screening physics of an SU(2) photon is subject to an electric-magnetically dual interpretation. Next, we elucidate how a low-frequency excess of line temperature in the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) determines the value of the critical temperature of the deconfining-preconfining phase transition of an SU(2) Yang-Mills theory postulated to describe photon propagation, and we describe how, starting at a redshift of about unity, SU(2) photons collectively work 3D temperature depressions into the CMB. Upon projection along a line of sight, a given depression influences the present CMB sky in a cosmologically local way, possibly explaining the large-angle anomalies confirmed recently by the Planc...
Color/kinematics duality for general abelian orbifolds of N=4 super Yang-Mills theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
To explore color/kinematics duality for general representations of the gauge group we formulate the duality for general abelian orbifolds of the SU(N), N=4 super Yang-Mills theory in four dimensions, which have fields in the bi-fundamental representation, and use it to construct explicitly complete four-vector and four-scalar amplitudes at one loop. For fixed number of supercharges, graph-organized L-loop n-point integrands of all orbifold theories are given in terms of a fixed set of polynomials labeled by L representations of the orbifold group. In contrast to the standard duality-satisfying presentation of amplitudes of the N=4 super Yang-Mills theory, each graph may appear several times with different internal states. The color and R-charge flow provide a way to deform the amplitudes of orbifold theories to those of more general quiver gauge theories which do not necessarily exhibit color/kinematics duality on their own. Based on the organization of amplitudes required by the duality between color and kinematics in orbifold theories we show how the amplitudes of certain non-factorized matter-coupled supergravity theories can be found through a double-copy construction. We also carry out a comprehensive search for theories with fields solely in the adjoint representation of the gauge group and amplitudes exhibiting color/kinematics duality for all external states and find an interesting relation between supersymmetry and existence of the duality
Deconfinement and continuity between thermal and (super) Yang-Mills theory for all gauge groups
Anber, Mohamed M; Teeple, Brett
2014-01-01
We study the phase structure of N=1 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory on R^3XS^1, with massive gauginos, periodic around the S^1, with Sp(2N) (N>=2), Spin(N) (N>=5), G_2, F_4, E_6, E_7, E_8 gauge groups. As the gaugino mass m is increased, with S^1 size and strong coupling scale fixed, we find a first-order phase transition both for theories with and without a center. This semiclassically calculable transition is driven, as in SU(N) and G_2, arxiv.org/abs/1205.0290 and arxiv.org/abs/1212.1238, by a competition between monopole-instantons and exotic topological "molecules"---"neutral" or "magnetic" bions. We compute the trace of the Polyakov loop and its two-point correlator near the transition. We find a behavior similar to the one observed near the thermal deconfinement transition in the corresponding pure Yang-Mills (YM) theory in lattice studies (whenever available). Our results lend further support to the conjectured continuity, as a function of m, between the quantum phase transition studied here and the ...
Decoupling limits of N = 4 super Yang-Mills on R x S3
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We find new decoupling limits of N = 4 super Yang-Mills (SYM) on R x S3 with gauge group SU(N). These decoupling limits lead to decoupled theories that are much simpler than the full N = 4 SYM but still contain many of its interesting features. The decoupling limits correspond to being in a near-critical region, near a point with zero temperature and critical chemical potentials. The new decoupling limits are found by generalizing the limits of hep-th/0605234 to include not only the chemical potentials for the SU(4) R-symmetry of N = 4 SYM but also the chemical potentials corresponding to the SO(4) symmetry. In the decoupled theories it is possible to take a strong coupling limit in a controllable manner since the full effective Hamiltonian is known. For planar N = 4 SYM on R x S3 all the decoupled theories correspond to fully integrable spin chains. We study the thermodynamics of the decoupled theories and find the Hagedorn temperature for small and large values of the effective coupling. We find an alternative formulation of the decoupling limits in the microcanonical ensemble. This leads to a characterization of certain regimes of weakly coupled N = 4 SYM in which there are string-like states. Finally, we find a similar decoupling limit for pure Yang-Mills theory, which for the planar limit leads to a fully integrable decoupled theory
A unified field theory II: Gravity interacting with a Yang-Mills and Higgs field
Gerhardt, Claus
2016-01-01
We quantize the interaction of gravity with a Yang-Mills and Higgs field using canonical quantization. Similar to the approach in a previous paper we discard the Wheeler-DeWitt equation and express the Hamilton constraint by the evolution equation of the mean curvature of the hypersurfaces in the foliation defined by the Hamiltonian setting. Expressing the time derivative of the mean curvature with the help of the Poisson brackets the canonical quantization of this equation leads to a wave equation in $Q=(0,\\infty)\\times \\cal{S}_o$, where $\\cal{S}_o$ is one of the Cauchy hypersurfaces in the Hamiltonian setting. The wave equation describes the interaction of an arbitrary Riemannian metric in $\\cal{S}_o$ and a given Yang-Mills and Higgs field. If the metric is complete $Q$ is globally hyperbolic. In case $\\cal{S}_o$ is compact we also prove a spectral resolution of the wave equation and establish sufficient conditions guaranteeing a mass gap.
Brihaye, Yves; Hartmann, Betti
2005-01-01
We construct solutions of an Einstein Yang Mills system including a cosmological constant in 4 + n spacetime dimensions, where the n-dimensional manifold associated with the extra dimensions is taken to be Ricci flat. Assuming the matter and metric fields to be independent of the n extra coordinates, a spherical symmetric ansatz for the fields leads to a set of coupled ordinary differential equations. We find that for n > 1 only solutions with either one non-zero Higgs field or with all Higgs fields constant and zero gauge field function (corresponding to a Wu Yang-type ansatz) exist. We give the analytic solutions available in this model. These are 'embedded' Abelian solutions with a diverging size of the manifold associated with the extra n dimensions. Depending on the choice of parameters, these latter solutions either represent naked singularities or they possess a single horizon. We also present solutions of the effective four-dimensional Einstein Yang Mills Higgs-dilaton model, where the higher-dimensional cosmological constant induces a Liouville-type potential. The solutions are non-Abelian solutions with diverging Higgs fields, which exist only up to a maximal value of the cosmological constant.
Three-dimensional super Yang-Mills with compressible quark matter
Faedo, Antón F; Mateos, David; Pantelidou, Christiana; Tarrío, Javier
2015-01-01
We construct the gravity dual of three-dimensional, $SU(N_{\\textrm{c}})$ super Yang-Mills theory with $N_{\\textrm{f}}$ flavors of dynamical quarks in the presence of a non-zero quark density $N_{\\textrm{q}}$. The supergravity solutions include the backreaction of $N_{\\textrm{c}}$ color D2-branes and $N_{\\textrm{f}}$ flavor D6-branes with $N_{\\textrm{q}}$ units of electric flux on their worldvolume. For massless quarks, the solutions depend non-trivially only on the dimensionless combination $\\rho=N_{\\textrm{c}}^2 N_{\\textrm{q}} / \\lambda^2 N_{\\textrm{f}}^4$, with $\\lambda=g_{\\textrm{YM}}^2 N_{\\textrm{c}}$ the 't Hooft coupling, and describe renormalization group flows between the super Yang-Mills theory in the ultraviolet and a non-relativistic theory in the infrared. The latter is dual to a hyperscaling-violating, Lifshitz-like geometry with dynamical and hyperscaling-violating exponents $z=5$ and $\\theta=1$, respectively. If $\\rho \\ll 1$ then at intermediate energies there is also an approximate AdS$_4$ reg...
Aspects Of Yang-mills Theory: Solitons, Dualities And Spin Chains
Freyhult, L K
2004-01-01
One of the still big problems in the Standard Model of particle physics is the problem of confinement. Quarks or other coloured particles have never been observed in isolation. Quarks are only observed in colour neutral bound states. The strong interactions are described using a Yang-Mills theory. These type of theories exhibits asymptotic freedom, i.e. the coupling is weak at high energies. This means that the theory is perturbative at high energies only. Understanding quark confinement requires knowledge of the non perturbative regime. One attempt has been to identify the proper order parameters for describing the low energy limit and then to write down effective actions in terms of these order parameters. We discuss one possible scenario for confinement and the effective models constructed with this as inspiration. Further we discuss solitons in these models and their properties. Yang-Mills theory has also become important in the context of string theory. According to the AdS/CFT correspondence string theo...
Three-dimensional super Yang-Mills with compressible quark matter
Faedo, Antón F.; Kundu, Arnab; Mateos, David; Pantelidou, Christiana; Tarrío, Javier
2016-03-01
We construct the gravity dual of three-dimensional, SU(N c) super Yang-Mills theory with N f flavors of dynamical quarks in the presence of a non-zero quark density N q. The supergravity solutions include the backreaction of N c color D2-branes and N f flavor D6-branes with N q units of electric flux on their worldvolume. For massless quarks, the solutions depend non-trivially only on the dimensionless combination ρ = N c 2 N q/ λ 2 N f 4 , with λ = g YM 2 N c the 't Hooft coupling, and describe renormalization group flows between the super Yang-Mills theory in the ultraviolet and a non-relativistic theory in the infrared. The latter is dual to a hyperscaling-violating, Lifshitz-like geometry with dynamical and hyperscaling-violating exponents z = 5 and θ = 1, respectively. If ρ ≪ 1 then at intermediate energies there is also an approximate AdS4 region, dual to a conformal Chern-Simons-Matter theory, in which the flow exhibits quasi-conformal dynamics. At zero temperature we compute the chemical potential and the equation of state and extract the speed of sound. At low temperature we compute the entropy density and extract the number of low-energy degrees of freedom. For quarks of non-zero mass M q the physics depends non-trivially on ρ and M q N c /λ N f.
Implementing the Gribov-Zwanziger framework in N = 1 Super-Yang-Mills in the Landau gauge
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Capri, M.A.L.; Granado, D.R.; Guimaraes, M.S.; Justo, I.F.; Palhares, L.F.; Sorella, S.P.; Vercauteren, D. [UERJ-Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Instituto de Fisica, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
2014-07-15
The Gribov-Zwanziger framework accounting for the existence of Gribov copies is extended to N = 1 Super-Yang-Mills theories quantized in the Landau gauge. We show that the restriction of the domain of integration in the Euclidean functional integral to the first Gribov horizon can be implemented in a way to recover non-perturbative features of N = 1 Super-Yang-Mills theories, namely the existence of the gluino condensate as well as the vanishing of the vacuum energy. (orig.)
Continuum strong-coupling expansion of Yang-Mills theory: quark confinement and infra-red slavery
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mansfield, P. (Dept. of Mathematical Sciences, Univ. of Durham (United Kingdom))
1994-04-25
We solve Schroedinger's equation for the ground-state of four-dimensional Yang-Mills theory as an expansion in inverse powers of the coupling. Expectation values computed with the leading-order approximation are reduced to a calculation in two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory which is known to confine. Consequently the Wilson loop in the four-dimensional theory obeys an area law to leading order and the coupling becomes infinite as the mass scale goes to zero. (orig.)
Zhu, Yan
2013-01-01
In this PhD thesis, I will review recent progress in perturbative studies of energy momentum tensor correlators in high-temperature Yang-Mills theory. After briefly introducing the necessary tools and physical motivation, I proceed to discuss the machinery developed for the extraction of next-to-leading order Operator Product Expansions and thermal spectral functions and to introduce the results obtained in the bulk and shear channels of Yang-Mills theory. Particular emphasis is placed on the comparison of the results with recent lattice and gauge/gravity calculations, as well as on discussing their use in extracting the corresponding transport coefficients from Euclidean lattice data.
Kleihaus, B
1999-01-01
We point out that the statements in [hep-th/9903063] concerning the regularity of static axially symmetric solutions in Yang-Mills-dilaton (YMD) [1] and Einstein-Yang-Mills(-dilaton) (EYMD) theory [2,3] are incorrect, and that the non-singular local gauge potential of the YMD solutions [4] is twice differentiable.
Analytic Result for the Two-loop Six-point NMHV Amplitude in N = 4 Super Yang-Mills Theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dixon, Lance J.; /SLAC; Drummond, James M.; /CERN /Annecy, LAPTH; Henn, Johannes M.; /Humboldt U., Berlin /Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study
2012-02-15
We provide a simple analytic formula for the two-loop six-point ratio function of planar N = 4 super Yang-Mills theory. This result extends the analytic knowledge of multi-loop six-point amplitudes beyond those with maximal helicity violation. We make a natural ansatz for the symbols of the relevant functions appearing in the two-loop amplitude, and impose various consistency conditions, including symmetry, the absence of spurious poles, the correct collinear behavior, and agreement with the operator product expansion for light-like (super) Wilson loops. This information reduces the ansatz to a small number of relatively simple functions. In order to fix these parameters uniquely, we utilize an explicit representation of the amplitude in terms of loop integrals that can be evaluated analytically in various kinematic limits. The final compact analytic result is expressed in terms of classical polylogarithms, whose arguments are rational functions of the dual conformal cross-ratios, plus precisely two functions that are not of this type. One of the functions, the loop integral {Omega}{sup (2)}, also plays a key role in a new representation of the remainder function R{sub 6}{sup (2)} in the maximally helicity violating sector. Another interesting feature at two loops is the appearance of a new (parity odd) x (parity odd) sector of the amplitude, which is absent at one loop, and which is uniquely determined in a natural way in terms of the more familiar (parity even) x (parity even) part. The second non-polylogarithmic function, the loop integral {tilde {Omega}}{sup (2)}, characterizes this sector. Both {Omega}{sup (2)} and {tilde {Omega}}{sup (2)} can be expressed as one-dimensional integrals over classical polylogarithms with rational arguments.
Thermodynamics of SU(2 quantum Yang-Mills theory and CMB anomalies
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hofmann Ralf
2014-04-01
Full Text Available A brief review of effective SU(2 Yang-Mills thermodynamics in the deconfining phase is given, including the construction of the thermal ground-state estimate in terms of an inert, adjoint scalar field φ, based on non-propagating (antiselfdual field configurations of topological charge unity. We also discuss kinematic constraints on interacting propagating gauge fields implied by the according spatial coarse-graining, and we explain why the screening physics of an SU(2 photon is subject to an electric-magnetically dual interpretation. This argument relies on the fact that only (anticalorons of scale parameter ρ ∼ |φ|−1 contribute to the coarse-graining required for thermal-ground-state emergence at temperature T. Thus, use of the effective gauge coupling e in the (anticaloron action is justified, yielding the value ħ for the latter at almost all temperatures. As a consequence, the indeterministic transition of initial to final plane waves caused by an effective, pointlike vertex is fundamentally mediated in Euclidean time by a single (anticaloron being part of the thermal ground state. Next, we elucidate how a low-frequency excess of line temperature in the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB determines the value of the critical temperature of the deconfining-preconfining phase transition of an SU(2 Yang-Mills theory postulated to describe photon propagation, and we describe how, starting at a redshift of about unity, SU(2 photons collectively work 3D temperature depressions into the CMB. Upon projection along a line of sight, a given depression influences the present CMB sky in a cosmologically local way, possibly explaining the large-angle anomalies confirmed recently by the Planck collaboration. Finally, six relativistic polarisations residing in the SU(2 vector modes roughly match the number of degrees of freedom in cosmic neutrinos (Planck which would disqualify the latter as radiation. Indeed, if interpreted as single center
Yablon, Jay R.
2013-10-01
Evidence is summarized from four recent papers that baryons including protons and neutrons are magnetic monopoles of non-commuting Yang-Mills gauge theories: 1) Protons and neutrons are ``resonant cavities'' with binding energies determined strictly by the masses of the quarks they contain. This is proven true at parts-per million accuracy for each of the 2H, 3H,3He, 4He binding energies and the neutron minus proton mass difference. 2) Respectively, each free proton and neutron contains 7.64 MeV and 9.81 MeV of mass/energy used to confine its quarks. When these nucleons bind, some, never all, of this energy is released and the mass deficit goes into binding. The balance continues to confine quarks. 56Fe releases 99.8429% of this energy for binding, more than any other nuclide. 3) Once we consider the Fermi vev one also finds an entirely theoretical explanation of proton and neutron masses, which also connects within experimental errors to the CKM quark mixing angles. 4) A related GUT explains fermion generation replication based on generator loss during symmetry breaking, and answers Rabi's question ``who ordered this?'' 5) Nuclear physics is governed by combining Maxwell's two classical equations into one equation using non-commuting gauge fields in view of Dirac theory and Fermi-Dirac-Pauli Exclusion. 6) Atoms themselves are core magnetic charges (nucleons) paired with orbital electric charges (electrons and elusive neutrinos), with the periodic table itself revealing an electric/magnetic symmetry of Maxwell's equations often pondered but heretofore unrecognized for a century and a half.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Using gauge/gravity duality, we study the creation and evolution of boost-invariant anisotropic, strongly-coupled N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills plasma. In the dual gravitational description, this corresponds to horizon formation in a geometry driven to be anisotropic by a time-dependent change in boundary conditions.
A Yang-Mills Type Gauge Theory of Gravity and the Dark Matter and Dark Energy Problems
Yang, Yi
2012-01-01
A Yang-Mills type gauge theory of gravity is shown to have a richer structure than the Einstein's General Theory of Relativity. This new structure can give an explanation of the form of the galactic rotation curves, of the amount of intergalactic gravitational lensing, and of the accelerating expansion of the Universe.
Krishnaswami, G.S.
2008-01-01
We consider large-N multi-matrix models whose action closely mimics that of Yang-Mills theory, including gauge-fixing and ghost terms. We show that the factorized Schwinger-Dyson loop equations, expressed in terms of the generating series of gluon and ghost correlations G( ), are quadratic equations
Kleihaus, B; Kunz, Jutta
1999-01-01
In [hep-th/9907222] Hannibal claims to exclude the existence of particle-like static axially symmetric non-abelian solutions in SU(2) Einstein-Yang-Mills-dilaton theory. His argument is based on the asymptotic behaviour of such solutions. Here we disprove his claim by giving explicitly the asymptotic form of non-abelian solutions with winding number n=2.
Kotanski, Jan
2006-01-01
Supersymmetric Yang-Mills quantum mechanics (SYMQM) in four dimensions for SU(2) gauge group is considered. In this work a two-fermionic sector with the angular momentum j=0 in discussed. Energy levels from discrete and continuous spectra are calculated. To distinguish localized states from non-localized ones the virial theorem is applied.
Kondo, Kei-Ichi; Shibata, Akihiro; Shinohara, Toru
2014-01-01
The purpose of this paper is to review the recent progress in understanding quark confinement. The emphasis of this review is placed on how to obtain a manifestly gauge-independent picture for quark confinement supporting the dual superconductivity in the Yang-Mills theory, which should be compared with the Abelian projection proposed by 't Hooft. The basic tools are reformulations of the Yang-Mills theory based on change of variables extending the decomposition of the $SU(N)$ Yang-Mills field due to Cho, Duan-Ge and Faddeev-Niemi, together with the combined use of extended versions of the Diakonov-Petrov version of the non-Abelian Stokes theorem for the $SU(N)$ Wilson loop operator. Moreover, we give the lattice gauge theoretical versions of the new reformulation of the Yang-Mills theory which enables us to perform the numerical simulations on the lattice. In fact, we present some numerical evidences for supporting the (non-Abelian) dual superconductivity for quark confinement. The numerical simulations incl...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Fargnoli, H.G.; Sampaio, Marcos; Nemes, M.C. [Federal University of Minas Gerais, ICEx, Physics Department, P.O. Box 702, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Hiller, B. [Coimbra University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Physics Department, Center of Computational Physics, Coimbra (Portugal); Baeta Scarpelli, A.P. [Setor Tecnico-Cientifico, Departamento de Policia Federal, Lapa, Sao Paulo (Brazil)
2011-05-15
We present both an ultraviolet and an infrared regularization independent analysis in a symmetry preserving framework for the N=1 Super Yang-Mills beta function to two loop order. We show explicitly that off-shell infrared divergences as well as the overall two loop ultraviolet divergence cancel out, whilst the beta function receives contributions of infrared modes. (orig.)
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Brian P. Dolan
2007-01-01
Full Text Available The parallel rôles of modular symmetry in N = 2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills and in the quantum Hall effect are reviewed. In supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories modular symmetry emerges as a version of Dirac's electric - magnetic duality. It has significant consequences for the vacuum structure of these theories, leading to a fractal vacuum which has an infinite hierarchy of related phases. In the case of N = 2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills in 3+1 dimensions, scaling functions can be defined which are modular forms of a subgroup of the full modular group and which interpolate between vacua. Infra-red fixed points at strong coupling correspond to θ-vacua with θ a rational number that, in the case of pure SUSY Yang-Mills, has odd denominator. There is a mass gap for electrically charged particles which can carry fractional electric charge. A similar structure applies to the 2+1 dimensional quantum Hall effect where the hierarchy of Hall plateaux can be understood in terms of an action of the modular group and the stability of Hall plateaux is due to the fact that odd denominator Hall conductivities are attractive infra-red fixed points. There is a mass gap for electrically charged excitations which, in the case of the fractional quantum Hall effect, carry fractional electric charge.
On super form factors of half-BPS operators in N=4 super Yang-Mills
Penante, Brenda; Travaglini, Gabriele; Wen, Congkao
2014-01-01
We compute form factors of half-BPS operators in N=4 super Yang-Mills dual to massive Kaluza-Klein modes in supergravity. These are appropriate supersymmetrisations T_k of the scalar operators Tr(\\phi^k) for any k, which for k=2 give the chiral part of the stress-tensor multiplet operator. Using harmonic superspace, we derive simple Ward identities for these form factors, which we then compute perturbatively at tree level and one loop. We propose a novel on-shell recursion relation which links form factors with different numbers of fields. Using this, we conjecture a general formula for the n-point MHV form factors of T_k for arbitrary k and n. Finally, we use supersymmetric generalised unitarity to derive compact expressions for all one-loop MHV form factors of T_k in terms of one-loop triangles and finite two-mass easy box functions.
Thermodynamics of large-N super Yang-Mills theory AdS/CFT correspondence
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The thermodynamics of d=4, N=4 supersymmetric SU(N) Yang-Mills theory is studied with particular attention paid to the perturbative expansion in the weak 't Hooft coupling regime and to the interpolation to the strong coupling regime thereof. The non-ideal gas effect to the free energy is calculated and found that leading- and next-to-leading-order corrections contribute with relative opposite signs. The Pade approximant method is adopted to improve fixed-order perturbative series and is found to decrease the free energy monotonically as the 't Hooft coupling parameter is increased. This may be regarded as an indication of a smooth interpolation of the thermodynamics between the weak and strong 't Hooft coupling regimes, as suggested by Maldacena's AdS/CFT correspondence
Green's functions of N=1 super Yang-Mills theory and the radius/energy relation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We study counterterms of one- and two-point Green's functions of some special operators in N=1 super Yang-Mills (SYM) theory from their supergravity (SUGRA) duals from the consideration of AdS conformal field theory or gauge-gravity correspondence. We consider both the Maldacena-Nunez solution and the Klebanov-Strassler-Tseytlin solution which are proposed as SUGRA duals of N=1 SYM theory. We obtain a radius/energy relation for each solution by comparing the SUGRA calculations with the field theory results. Using these relations we evaluate the β function of N=1 SYM theory. We find that the leading order term can be accurately obtained for both solutions and the higher order terms exhibit some ambiguities. We discuss the origin of these ambiguities and conclude that more studies are needed to check whether these SUGRA solutions are exactly dual to N=1 SYM theory
Higher-dimensional thin-shell wormholes in Einstein-Yang-Mills-Gauss-Bonnet gravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We present thin-shell wormhole solutions in the Einstein-Yang-Mills-Gauss-Bonnet (EYMGB) theory in higher dimensions d ≥ 5. Exact black hole solutions are employed for this purpose where the radius of the thin shell lies outside the event horizon. For some reasons the cases d = 5 and d > 5 are treated separately. The surface energy-momentum of the thin shell creates surface pressures to resist against collapse and rendering stable wormholes possible. We test the stability of the wormholes against spherical perturbations through a linear energy-pressure relation and plot stability regions. Apart from this restricted stability we investigate the possibility of normal (i.e. non-exotic) matter which satisfies the energy conditions. For negative values of the Gauss-Bonnet (GB) parameter we obtain such physical wormholes.
Higher-dimensional thin-shell wormholes in Einstein-Yang-Mills-Gauss-Bonnet gravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mazharimousavi, S Habib; Halilsoy, M; Amirabi, Z, E-mail: habib.mazhari@emu.edu.tr, E-mail: mustafa.halilsoy@emu.edu.tr, E-mail: zahra.amirabi@emu.edu.tr [Department of Physics, Eastern Mediterranean University, G. Magusa, North Cyprus, Mersin 10 (Turkey)
2011-01-21
We present thin-shell wormhole solutions in the Einstein-Yang-Mills-Gauss-Bonnet (EYMGB) theory in higher dimensions d {>=} 5. Exact black hole solutions are employed for this purpose where the radius of the thin shell lies outside the event horizon. For some reasons the cases d = 5 and d > 5 are treated separately. The surface energy-momentum of the thin shell creates surface pressures to resist against collapse and rendering stable wormholes possible. We test the stability of the wormholes against spherical perturbations through a linear energy-pressure relation and plot stability regions. Apart from this restricted stability we investigate the possibility of normal (i.e. non-exotic) matter which satisfies the energy conditions. For negative values of the Gauss-Bonnet (GB) parameter we obtain such physical wormholes.
On the Effective Action of Dressed Mean Fields for N = 4 Super-Yang-Mills Theory
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Gorazd Cvetic
2006-01-01
Full Text Available On the basis of the general considerations such as R-operation and Slavnov-Taylor identity we show that the effective action, being understood as Legendre transform of the logarithm of the path integral, possesses particular structure in N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory for kernels of the effective action expressed in terms of the dressed effective fields. These dressed effective fields have been introduced in our previous papers as actual variables of the effective action. The concept of dressed effective fields naturally appears in the framework of solution to Slavnov-Taylor identity. The particularity of the structure is independence of these kernels on the ultraviolet regularization scale Λ. These kernels are functions of mutual spacetime distances and of the gauge coupling. The fact that β function in this theory vanishes is used significantly.
Wilson Loop Area Law for 2D Yang-Mills in Generalized Axial Gauge
Nguyen, Timothy
2016-01-01
We prove that Wilson loop expectation values for arbitrary simple closed contours obey an area law up to second order in perturbative two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory. Our analysis occurs within a general family of axial-like gauges, which include and interpolate between holomorphic gauge and the Wu-Mandelstam-Liebrandt light cone gauge. Our methods make use of the homotopy invariance properties of iterated integrals of closed one-forms, which allows us to evaluate the nontrivial integrals occurring at second order. We close with a discussion on complex gauge-fixing and deformation of integration cycles for holomorphic path integrals to shed light on some of the quantum field-theoretic underpinnings of our results.
Quantum Phases of Yang-Mills Matrix Model Coupled to Fundamental Fermions
Pandey, Mahul
2016-01-01
By investigating the $SU(2)$ Yang-Mills matrix model coupled to fundamental fermions in the adiabatic limit, we demonstrate quantum critical behaviour at special corners of the gauge field configuration space. The quantum scalar potential for the gauge field induced by the fermions diverges at the corners, and is intimately related to points of enhanced degeneracy of the fermionic Hamiltonian. This in turn leads to superselection sectors in the Hilbert space of the gauge field, the ground states in different sectors being orthogonal to each other. As a consequence of our analysis, we show that 2-color QCD coupled to two Weyl fermions has three quantum phases. When coupled to a massless Dirac fermion, the number of quantum phases is four. One of these phases is the color-spin locked phase.
The non-local 2D generalized Yang-Mills theories on arbitrary surfaces with boundaries
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Saaidi, Kh [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Kurdistan, Pasdaran Avenue, Sanandaj (Iran, Islamic Republic of) and Azad University, Pasdaran Avenue, Sanandaj (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: ksaaidi@uok.ac.ir
2008-07-15
The non-local generalized two-dimensional Yang-Mills theories on arbitrary orientable and non-orientable surfaces with boundaries is studied. We obtain the effective action of these theories for the case when the holonomy of the gauge field around the boundary components is near the identity, U{approx_equal}I. Furthermore, by obtaining the effective action at the large-N limit, it is shown that the phase structure of these theories is the same as that obtained for these theories on orientable and non-orientable surfaces without boundaries. It is seen that the {phi}{sup 2} model of these theories on arbitrary orientable and non-orientable surfaces with boundaries have third-order phase transition only on g=0 and r=1 surfaces, with modified area A-tilde+A/2 for orientable and A-bar+A for non-orientable surfaces, respectively.
Gravitating Vortices, Cosmic Strings, and the Kähler-Yang-Mills Equations
Álvarez-Cónsul, Luis; Garcia-Fernandez, Mario; García-Prada, Oscar
2016-09-01
In this paper we construct new solutions of the Kähler-Yang-Mills equations, by applying dimensional reduction methods to the product of the complex projective line with a compact Riemann surface. The resulting equations, which we call gravitating vortex equations, describe abelian vortices on the Riemann surface with back reaction of the metric. As a particular case of these gravitating vortices on the Riemann sphere we find solutions of the Einstein-Bogomol'nyi equations, which physically correspond to Nielsen-Olesen cosmic strings in the Bogomol'nyi phase. We use this to provide a Geometric Invariant Theory interpretation of an existence result by Y. Yang for the Einstein-Bogomol'nyi equations, applying a criterion due to G. Székelyhidi.
On super form factors of half-BPS operators in N=4 super Yang-Mills
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We compute form factors of half-BPS operators in N=4 super Yang-Mills dual to massive Kaluza-Klein modes in supergravity. These are appropriate supersymmetrisations Tk of the scalar operators Tr (ϕk) for any k, which for k = 2 give the chiral part of the stress-tensor multiplet operator. Using harmonic superspace, we derive simple Ward identities for these form factors, which we then compute perturbatively at tree level and one loop. We propose a novel on-shell recursion relation which links form factors with different numbers of fields. Using this, we conjecture a general formula for the n-point MHV form factors of Tk for arbitrary k and n. Finally, we use supersymmetric generalised unitarity to derive compact expressions for all one-loop MHV form factors of Tk in terms of one-loop triangles and finite two-mass easy box functions
Phase transitions of an anisotropic N=4 super Yang-Mills plasma via holography
Banks, Elliot
2016-07-01
Black hole solutions of type IIB supergravity were previously found that are dual to N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills plasma with an anisotropic spatial deformation. In the zero temperature limit, these black holes approach a Liftshitz like scaling solution in the IR. It was recently shown that these black holes are unstable, and at low temperatures there is a new class of black hole solutions that are thermodynamically preferred. We extend this analysis, by considering consistent truncations of the Kaluza-Klein reduction of IIB supergravity on a five-sphere that preserves multiple scalar and U(1) gauge fields. We show that the previously constructed black holes become unstable at low temperatures, and construct new classes of exotic black hole solutions. We study the DC thermo-electric conductivity of these U(1) charged black holes, and find a diverging DC conductivity at zero temperature due to the divergence of the gauge field coupling.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We present a lattice theory with an exact fermionic symmetry, which mixes the link and the fermionic variables. The staggered fermionic variables may be reconstructed into a Majorana fermion in the continuum limit. The gauge action has a novel structure. Though it is the ordinary plaquette action, two different couplings are assigned in the 'Ichimatsu pattern' or the checkered pattern. In the naive continuum limit, the fermionic symmetry survives as a continuum (or an O(a0)) symmetry. The transformation of the fermion is proportional to the field strength multiplied by the difference of the two gauge couplings in this limit. This work is an extension of our recently proposed cell model toward the realization of supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory on lattice. (author)
Quark and gluon confinement from an effective model of Yang-Mills theory
Kondo, Kei-Ichi
2011-01-01
We derive a gauge-invariant low-energy effective model of the SU(2) Yang-Mills theory. We find that the effective gluon propagator belongs to the Gribov-Stingl type, irrespective of the gauge choice. In the maximally Abelian gauge, especially, we demonstrate that the model exhibits both quark confinement and gluon confinement: the Wilson loop average has area law and the Schwinger function violates reflection positivity. Moreover, we give a formula for the string tension calculable from the gluon propagator of the gauge-invariant field strength and gives a good estimate for the string tension. We discuss if quark confinement and gluon confinement are of the same origin attributed to the gluon propagator in the deep infrared momentum region.
Ultraviolet behavior of 6D supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories and harmonic superspace
Bossard, Guillaume; Smilga, Andrei
2015-01-01
We revisit the issue of higher-dimensional counterterms for the N=(1,1) supersymmetric Yang-Mills (SYM) theory in six dimensions using the off-shell N=(1,0) and on-shell N=(1,1) harmonic superspace approaches. The second approach is developed in full generality and used to solve, for the first time, the N=(1,1) SYM constraints in terms of N=(1,0) superfields. This provides a convenient tool to write explicit expressions for the candidate counterterms and other N=(1,1) invariants and may be conducive to proving non-renormalization theorems needed to explain the absence of certain logarithmic divergences in higher-loop contributions to scattering amplitudes in N=(1,1) SYM.
A local and BRST-invariant Yang-Mills theory within the Gribov horizon
Capri, M A L; Fiorentini, D; Guimaraes, M S; Justo, I F; Pereira, A D; Mintz, B W; Palhares, L F; Sobreiro, R F; Sorella, S P
2016-01-01
We present a local setup for the recently introduced BRST-invariant formulation of Yang-Mills theories for linear covariant gauges that takes into account the existence of gauge copies \\`a la Gribov and Zwanziger. Through the convenient use of auxiliary fields, including one of the Stueckelberg type, it is shown that both the action and the associated nilpotent BRST operator can be put in local form. Direct consequences of this fully local and BRST-symmetric framework are drawn from its Ward identities: (i) an exact prediction for the longitudinal part of the gluon propagator in linear covariant gauges that is compatible with recent lattice results and (ii) a proof of the gauge-parameter independence of all correlation functions of local BRST-invariant operators.
Composite inflation from super Yang-Mills theory, orientifold, and one-flavor QCD
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Channuie, P.; Jorgensen, J. J.; Sannino, F.
2012-01-01
Recent investigations have shown that inflation can be driven by four-dimensional strongly interacting theories nonminimally coupled to gravity. We explore this paradigm further by considering composite inflation driven by orientifold field theories. The advantage of using these theories resides...... in the fact that at large number of colors they feature certain super Yang-Mills properties. In particular, we can use for inflation the bosonic part of the Veneziano-Yankielowicz effective theory. Furthermore, we include the 1/N as well as fermion mass corrections at the effective Lagrangian level allowing...... nonminimally coupled QCD theory of inflation. The scale of composite inflation, for all the models presented here, is of the order of 10(16) GeV. Unitarity studies of the inflaton scattering suggest that the cutoff of the model is at the Planck scale. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.86.125035...
The large $N$ limit of the topological susceptibility of Yang-Mills gauge theory
Cè, Marco; Giusti, Leonardo; Schaefer, Stefan
2016-01-01
We present a precise computation of the topological susceptibility $\\chi_{_\\mathrm{YM}}$ of SU$(N)$ Yang-Mills theory in the large $N$ limit. The computation is done on the lattice, using high-statistics Monte Carlo simulations with $N=3, 4, 5, 6$ and three different lattice spacings. Two major improvements make it possible to go to finer lattice spacing and larger $N$ compared to previous works. First, the topological charge is implemented through the gradient flow definition; and second, open boundary conditions in the time direction are employed in order to avoid the freezing of the topological charge. The results allow us to extrapolate the dimensionless quantity $t_0^2\\chi_{_\\mathrm{YM}}$ to the continuum and large $N$ limits with confidence. The accuracy of the final result represents a new quality in the verification of large $N$ scaling.
Arithmetic gravity and Yang-Mills theory: An approach to adelic physics via algebraic spaces
Schmidt, Rene
2008-01-01
This work is a dissertation thesis written at the WWU Muenster (Germany), supervised by Prof. Dr. Raimar Wulkenhaar. We present an approach to adelic physics based on the language of algebraic spaces. Relative algebraic spaces X over a base S are considered as fundamental objects which describe space-time. This yields a formulation of general relativity which is covariant with respect to changes of the chosen domain of numbers S. With regard to adelic physics the choice of S as an excellent Dedekind scheme is of interest (because this way also the finite prime spots, i.e. the p-adic degrees of freedom are taken into account). In this arithmetic case, it turns out that X is a Neron model. This enables us to make concrete statements concerning the structure of the space-time described by X. Furthermore, some solutions of the arithmetic Einstein equations are presented. In a next step, Yang-Mills gauge fields are incorporated.
Constant curvature f(R) gravity minimally coupled with Yang-Mills field
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Habib Mazharimousavi, S.; Halilsoy, M.; Tahamtan, T. [Eastern Mediterranean University, Department of Physics, Mersin 10 (Turkey)
2012-03-15
We consider the particular class of f(R) gravities minimally coupled with Yang-Mills (YM) field in which the Ricci scalar =R{sub 0}=constant in all dimensions d{>=}4. Even in this restricted class the spacetime has unlimited scopes determined by an equation of state of the form P{sub eff}={omega}{rho}. Depending on the distance from the origin (or horizon of a black hole) the state function {omega}(r) takes different values. It is observed that {omega}{yields}(1)/(3) (the ultra relativistic case in 4 dimensions) and {omega}{yields}-1 (the cosmological constant) are the limiting values of our state function {omega}(r) in a spacetime centered by a black hole. This suggests that having a constant {omega} throughout spacetime around a charged black hole in f(R) gravity with constant scalar curvature is a myth. (orig.)
Yang-Mills Field from Quaternion Space Geometry, and its Klein-Gordon Representation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yefremov A.
2007-07-01
Full Text Available Analysis of covariant derivatives of vectors in quaternion (Q- spaces performed using Q-unit spinor-splitting technique and use of SL(2C-invariance of quaternion multiplication reveals close connexion of Q-geometry objects and Yang-Mills (YM field principle characteristics. In particular, it is shown that Q-connexion (with quaternion non-metricity and related curvature of 4 dimensional (4D space-times with 3D Q-space sections are formally equivalent to respectively YM-field potential and strength, traditionally emerging from the minimal action assumption. Plausible links between YM field equation and Klein-Gordon equation, in particular via its known isomorphism with Duffin-Kemmer equation, are also discussed.
Phase transitions of an anisotropic N=4 super Yang-Mills plasma via holography
Banks, Elliot
2016-01-01
Black hole solutions of type IIB supergravity were previously found that are dual to N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills plasma with an anisotropic spatial deformation. In the zero temperature limit, these black holes approach a Liftshitz like scaling solution in the IR. It was recently shown that these black holes are unstable, and at low temperatures there is a new class of black hole solutions that are thermodynamically preferred. We extend this analysis, by considering consistent truncations of the Kaluza-Klein reduction of IIB supergravity on a five-sphere that preserves multiple scalar and $U(1)$ gauge fields. We show that the previously constructed black holes become unstable at low temperatures, and construct new classes of exotic black hole solutions. We study the DC thermo-electric conductivity of these $U(1)$ charged black holes, and find a diverging DC conductivity at zero temperature due to the divergence of the gauge field coupling.
Geometrodynamics of gauge fields on the geometry of Yang-Mills and gravitational gauge theories
Mielke, Eckehard W
2016-01-01
This monograph aims to provide a unified, geometrical foundation of gauge theories of elementary particle physics. The underlying geometrical structure is unfolded in a coordinate-free manner via the modern mathematical notions of fibre bundles and exterior forms. Topics such as the dynamics of Yang-Mills theories, instanton solutions and topological invariants are included. By transferring these concepts to local space-time symmetries, generalizations of Einstein's theory of gravity arise in a Riemann-Cartan space with curvature and torsion. It provides the framework in which the (broken) Poincaré gauge theory, the Rainich geometrization of the Einstein-Maxwell system, and higher-dimensional, non-abelian Kaluza-Klein theories are developed. Since the discovery of the Higgs boson, concepts of spontaneous symmetry breaking in gravity have come again into focus, and, in this revised edition, these will be exposed in geometric terms. Quantizing gravity remains an open issue: formulating it as a de Sitter t...
Noncommutative Yang-Mills-Higgs actions from derivation-based differential calculus
Cagnache, Eric; Wallet, Jean-Christophe
2008-01-01
Derivations of a (noncommutative) algebra can be used to construct various consistent differential calculi, the so-called derivation-based differential calculi. We apply this framework to the noncommutative Moyal algebras for which all the derivations are inner and analyse in detail the case where the derivation algebras generating the differential calculus are related to area preserving diffeomorphisms. The ordinary derivations corresponding to spatial dimensions are supplemented by additional derivations necessarely related to additional covariant coordinates. It is shown that these latter have a natural interpretation as Higgs fields when involved in gauge invariant actions built from the noncommutative curvature. The UV/IR mixing problem for (some of) the resulting Yang-Mills-Higgs models is discussed. A comparition to other noncommutative geometries already considered in the litterature is given.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The connection between renormalization schemes (RS's) and the renormalization group (RG) functions for a massive Yang--Mills theory is investigated. The RS's are defined in a manner independent of the regularization procedure. The RS transformations are defined in such a way that it is clear that they form a group. It is shown that to a given set of RG functions corresponds an infinite number of RS's. The subgroup of RS transformations which leave invariant the (mass-shell) MS-RG functions is carefully described. Gauge invariance, regularity of the theory when m→0 and mass decoupling are imposed and the corresponding indeterminations of RS's are given. It is seen that a RS which fulfills simultaneously the above conditions does not exist
Interactions of domain walls of SUSY Yang-Mills as D-branes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Domain walls in supersymmetric Yang-Mills are BPS configurations which preserve two supercharges of the parent theory and so their tensions are known exactly. On the other hand, they have been described as D-branes for the confining string. This leads to a description of their collective dynamics in terms of a 2+1-dimensional gauge theory with two supersymmetries and a Chern-Simons term. We show that this open string description can capture the qualitative behaviour of the forces between the domain walls for an arbitrary configuration of n walls at leading order in 1/N, extending earlier calculations for two walls. The potential admits a supersymmetric bound state when the n walls are all coincident and asymptotes to a constant at large separation with an n dependence which agrees perfectly with the exact tension formula
Hydrodynamics of the Polyakov Line in SU$(N_c)$ Yang-Mills
Liu, Yizhuang; Zahed, Ismail
2015-01-01
We discuss a hydrodynamical description of the eigenvalues of the Polyakov line at large but finite $N_c$ for Yang-Mills theory in even and odd space-time dimensions. The hydro-static solutions for the eigenvalue densities are shown to interpolate between a uniform distribution in the confined phase and a localized distribution in the de-confined phase. The resulting critical temperatures are in overall agreement with those measured on the lattice over a broad range of $N_c$, and are consistent with the string model results at $N_c=\\infty$. The stochastic relaxation of the eigenvalues of the Polyakov line out of equilibrium is captured by a hydrodynamical instanton. An estimate of the probability of formation of a Z(N$_c)$ bubble using a piece-wise sound wave is suggested.
Supercurrent and the Adler-Bardeen theorem in coupled supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We construct the supercurrent and a supersymmetric current which satisfies the Adler-Bardeen theorem in supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory coupled to non-self-interacting chiral matter. Using the formulation recently developed by Grisaru, Milewski, and Zanon, supersymmetry and gauge invariance are maintained with supersymmetric background-field theory and regularization by dimensional reduction. We verify the finiteness of the supercurrent to one loop, and the Adler-Bardeen theorem to two loops by explicit calculations in the minimal-subtraction scheme. We then demonstrate the subtraction-scheme independence of the one-loop Adler-Bardeen anomaly and prove the existence of a subtraction scheme in which the Adler-Bardeen theorem is satisfied to all orders in perturbation theory
Regge meets collinear in strongly-coupled $\\mathcal{N} = 4$ super Yang-Mills
Sprenger, Martin
2016-01-01
We revisit the calculation of the six-gluon remainder function in planar $\\mathcal{N} = 4$ super Yang-Mills theory from the strong coupling TBA in the multi-Regge limit and identify an infinite set of kinematically subleading terms. These new terms can be compared to the strong coupling limit of the finite-coupling expressions for the impact factor and the BFKL eigenvalue proposed by Basso et al. in arXiv:1407.3766, which were obtained from an analytic continuation of the Wilson loop OPE. After comparing the results order by order in those subleading terms, we show that it is possible to precisely map both formalisms onto each other. A similar calculation can be carried out for the seven-gluon amplitude, the result of which shows that the central emission vertex does not become trivial at strong coupling.
Anti-self-dual Yang-Mills equations on noncommutative spacetime
Takasaki, K
2001-01-01
By replacing the ordinary product with the so called $\\star$-product, one can construct an analogue of the anti-self-dual Yang-Mills (ASDYM) equations on the noncommutative $\\bbR^4$. Many properties of the ordinary ASDYM equations turn out to be inherited by the $\\star$-product ASDYM equation. In particular, the twistorial interpretation of the ordinary ASDYM equations can be extended to the noncommutative $\\bbR^4$, from which one can also derive the fundamental strutures for integrability such as a zero-curvature representation, an associated linear system, the Riemann-Hilbert problem, etc. These properties are further preserved under dimensional reduction to the principal chiral field model and Hitchin's Higgs pair equations. However, some structures relying on finite dimensional linear algebra break down in the $\\star$-product analogues.
Order parameter reconciling Abelian and center dominance in SU(2) Yang-Mills theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We analyze previously proposed order parameters for the confinement-deconfinement transition in lattice SU(2) Yang-Mills theory, defined as vacuum expectation value (VEV) of monopole fields in Abelian projection gauges. We show that they exhibit some inconsistency in the treatment of small scales, due to a violation of Dirac quantization condition for fluxes. We propose a new order parameter avoiding this inconsistency. It can be interpreted as the VEV of the field of a regular monopole in any Abelian projection gauge, but it is independent of the choice of the Abelian projection. Furthermore, being constructed in terms of surfaces of center vortices, it has also a natural interpretation in the approach of center dominance
Stochastic Feynman Rules for Yang-Mills Theory on the Plane
Nguyen, Timothy
2016-01-01
We analyze quantum Yang-Mills theory on $\\mathbb{R}^2$ using a novel discretization method based on an algebraic analogue of stochastic calculus. Such an analogue involves working with "Gaussian" free fields whose covariance matrix is indefinite rather than positive definite. Specifically, we work with Lie-algebra valued fields on a lattice and exploit an approximate gauge-invariance that is restored when taking the continuum limit. This analysis is applied to show the equivalence between Wilson loop expectations computed using partial axial-gauge, complete axial-gauge, and the Migdal-Witten lattice formulation. As a consequence, we obtain intriguing Lie-theoretic identities involving heat kernels and iterated integrals.
2+1 dimensional pure Yang-Mills theory: Quark confinement and dual representation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We report some progress on the quark confinement problem in 2+1 dim. pure Yang-Mills theory, using Euclidean instanton methods. The instantons are regularized Wu-Yang 'monopoles', whose long range Coulomb field is screened by collective effects. Such configurations are stable to small perturbations unlike the case of singular, undressed monopoles. Using exact non-perturbative results for the 3-dim. Coulomb gas, where Debye screening holds for arbitrarily low temperatures, we show in a self-consistent way that a mass gap is dynamically generated in the gauge theory. The mass gap also determines the size of the monopoles. We also identify the disorder operator of the model in terms of the sine-Gordon field of the Coulomb gas and hence obtain a dual representation whose symmetry is the centre of SU(2). (orig.)
N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories in AdS{sub 3}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kuzenko, Sergei M.; Tartaglino-Mazzucchelli, Gabriele [School of Physics M013, The University of Western Australia,35 Stirling Highway, Crawley W.A. 6009 (Australia)
2014-05-06
For all types of N=4 anti-de Sitter (AdS) supersymmetry in three dimensions, we construct manifestly supersymmetric actions for Abelian vector multiplets and explain how to extend the construction to the non-Abelian case. Manifestly N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills (SYM) actions are explicitly given in the cases of (2,2) and critical (4,0) AdS supersymmetries. The N=4 vector multiplets and the corresponding actions are then reduced to (2,0) AdS superspace, in which only N=2 supersymmetry is manifest. Using the off-shell structure of the N=4 vector multiplets, we provide complete N=4 SYM actions in (2,0) AdS superspace for all types of N=4 AdS supersymmetry. In the case of (4,0) AdS supersymmetry, which admits a Euclidean counterpart, the resulting N=2 action contains a Chern-Simons term proportional to q/r, where r is the radius of AdS{sub 3} and q is the R-charge of a chiral scalar superfield. The R-charge is a linear inhomogeneous function of X, an expectation value of the N=4 Cotton superfield. Thus our results explain the mysterious structure of N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories on S{sup 3} discovered in arXiv:1401.7952. In the case of (3,1) AdS supersymmetry, which has no Euclidean counterpart, the SYM action contains both a Chern-Simons term and a chiral mass-like term. In the case of (2,2) AdS supersymmetry, which admits a Euclidean counterpart, the SYM action has no Chern-Simons and chiral mass-like terms.
Lattice simulation of a center symmetric three dimensional effective theory for SU(2) Yang-Mills
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Smith, Dominik
2010-11-17
We present lattice simulations of a center symmetric dimensionally reduced effective field theory for SU(2) Yang Mills which employ thermal Wilson lines and three-dimensional magnetic fields as fundamental degrees of freedom. The action is composed of a gauge invariant kinetic term, spatial gauge fields and a potential for theWilson line which includes a ''fuzzy'' bag term to generate non-perturbative fluctuations between Z(2) degenerate ground states. The model is studied in the limit where the gauge fields are set to zero as well as the full model with gauge fields. We confirm that, at moderately weak coupling, the ''fuzzy'' bag term leads to eigenvalue repulsion in a finite region above the deconfining phase transition which shrinks in the extreme weak-coupling limit. A non-trivial Z(N) symmetric vacuum arises in the confined phase. The effective potential for the Polyakov loop in the theory with gauge fields is extracted from the simulations including all modes of the loop as well as for cooled configurations where the hard modes have been averaged out. The former is found to exhibit a non-analytic contribution while the latter can be described by a mean-field like ansatz with quadratic and quartic terms, plus a Vandermonde potential which depends upon the location within the phase diagram. Other results include the exact location of the phase boundary in the plane spanned by the coupling parameters, correlation lengths of several operators in the magnetic and electric sectors and the spatial string tension. We also present results from simulations of the full 4D Yang-Mills theory and attempt to make a qualitative comparison to the 3D effective theory. (orig.)
Lattice simulation of a center symmetric three dimensional effective theory for SU(2) Yang-Mills
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We present lattice simulations of a center symmetric dimensionally reduced effective field theory for SU(2) Yang Mills which employ thermal Wilson lines and three-dimensional magnetic fields as fundamental degrees of freedom. The action is composed of a gauge invariant kinetic term, spatial gauge fields and a potential for theWilson line which includes a ''fuzzy'' bag term to generate non-perturbative fluctuations between Z(2) degenerate ground states. The model is studied in the limit where the gauge fields are set to zero as well as the full model with gauge fields. We confirm that, at moderately weak coupling, the ''fuzzy'' bag term leads to eigenvalue repulsion in a finite region above the deconfining phase transition which shrinks in the extreme weak-coupling limit. A non-trivial Z(N) symmetric vacuum arises in the confined phase. The effective potential for the Polyakov loop in the theory with gauge fields is extracted from the simulations including all modes of the loop as well as for cooled configurations where the hard modes have been averaged out. The former is found to exhibit a non-analytic contribution while the latter can be described by a mean-field like ansatz with quadratic and quartic terms, plus a Vandermonde potential which depends upon the location within the phase diagram. Other results include the exact location of the phase boundary in the plane spanned by the coupling parameters, correlation lengths of several operators in the magnetic and electric sectors and the spatial string tension. We also present results from simulations of the full 4D Yang-Mills theory and attempt to make a qualitative comparison to the 3D effective theory. (orig.)
Broken SU(3) x SU(3) x SU(3) x SU(3) Symmetry
Freund, P. G. O.; Nambu, Y.
1964-10-01
We argue that the "Eight-fold Way" version of the SU(3) symmetry should be extended to a product of up to four separate and badly broken SU(3) groups, including the gamma{sub 5} type SU(3) symmetry. A hierarchy of subgroups (or subalgebras) are considered within this framework, and two candidates are found to be interesting in view of experimental evidence. Main features of the theory are: 1) the baryons belong to a nonet; 2) there is an octet of axial vector gauge mesons in addition to one or two octets of vector mesons; 3) pseudoscalar and scalar mesons exist as "incomplete" multiplets arising from spontaneous breakdown of symmetry.
On the field/string theory approach to theta dependence in large N Yang-Mills theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The theta dependence of the vacuum energy in large N Yang-Mills theory has been studied some time ago by Witten using a duality of large N gauge theories with the string theory compactified on a certain space-time. We show that within the field theory context vacuum fluctuations of the topological charge give rise to the vacuum energy consistent with the string theory computation. Furthermore, we calculate 1/N suppressed corrections to the string theory result. The reconciliation of the string and field theory approaches is based on the fact that the gauge theory instantons carry zerobrane charge in the corresponding D-brane construction of Yang-Mills theory. Given the formula for the vacuum energy we study certain aspects of stability of the false vacua of the model for different realizations of the initial conditions. The vacuum structure appears to be different depending on whether N is infinite or, alternatively, large but finite
Balakin, Alexander B; Zayats, Alexei E
2016-01-01
Alternative theories of gravity and their solutions are of considerable importance as at some fundamental level the world can reveal new features. Indeed, it is suspected that the gravitational field might be nonminimally coupled to the other fields at scales not yet probed, bringing into the forefront nonminimally coupled theories. In this mode, we consider a nonminimal Einstein-Yang-Mills theory with a cosmological constant. Imposing spherical symmetry and staticity for the spacetime and a magnetic Wu-Yang ansatz for the Yang-Mills field, we find expressions for the solutions of the theory. Further imposing constraints on the nonminimal parameters we find a family of exact solutions of the theory depending on five parameters, namely, two nonminimal parameters, the cosmological constant, the magnetic charge, and the mass. These solutions represent magnetic monopoles and black holes in magnetic monopoles with de Sitter, Minkowskian, and anti-de Sitter asymptotics, depending on the sign and value of the cosmol...
Lattice formulation for 2d N=(2,2), (4,4) super Yang-Mills theories without admissibility conditions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We present a lattice formulation for two-dimensional N=(2,2) and (4,4) supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories that resolves vacuum degeneracy for gauge fields without imposing admissibility conditions. Cases of U(N) and SU(N) gauge groups are considered, gauge fields are expressed by unitary link variables, and one or two supercharges are preserved on the two-dimensional square lattice. There does not appear fermion doubler, and no fine-tuning is required to obtain the desired continuum theories in a perturbative argument. This formulation is expected to serve as a more convenient basis for numerical simulations. The same approach will also be useful to other two-dimensional supersymmetric lattice gauge theories with unitary link variables constructed so far — for example, N=(8,8) supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory and N=(2,2) supersymmetric QCD
Dyon of a non-Abelian Chern-Simons-Yang-Mills-Higgs system in 3+1 dimensions
Navarro-Lerida, Francisco
2013-01-01
Dyons of an SO(5) Chern-Simons-Yang-Mills-Higgs system in 3+1 dimensions are presented. These solitons carry both magnetic and electric global charges. The SO(3)xSO(2) solutions are constructed numerically. These are Chern-Simons dyons, differing radically from Julia-Zee dyons. The Chern-Simons densities employed are defined in 3+1 dimensions, and they are the first two of the 'new' Chern-Simons densities introduced recently. They are defined in terms of both Yang-Mills fields and a 5-component isomultiplet Higgs. When two or more of these Chern-Simons densities are present in the Lagrangian, solutions with vanishing electric charge but nonvanishing electrostatic potential may exist.
Leble, Sergey
2011-01-01
One-dimensional Yang-Mills-Nahm models are considered from algebrogeometric points of view. A quasiclassical quantization of the models based on path integral and its zeta function representation in terms of a Green function diagonal for a heat equation with an elliptic potential is considered. The Green function diagonal and, hence, zeta function and its derivative are expressed via solutions of Hermit equation and, alternatively, by means of Its-Matveev formalism in terms of Riemann teta-functions. For the Nahm model, which field is represented via elliptic (lemniscate) integral by construction, one-loop quantum corrections to action are evaluated as the zeta function derivative in zero point in terms of a hyperelliptic integral. The alternative expression should help to link the representations and continue investigation of the Yang-Mills-Nahm models. Keywords: Nahm model, one-loop quantum corrections, zeta function, elliptic potential, hyperelliptic integral, Its-Matveev formula. MSC numbers: 81Q30, 35J10...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Suhendro I.
2008-01-01
Full Text Available In this work, we attempt at constructing a comprehensive four-dimensional unified field theory of gravity, electromagnetism, and the non-Abelian Yang-Mills gauge field in which the gravitational, electromagnetic, and material spin fields are unified as intrinsic geometric objects of the space-time manifold $S_4$ via the connection, with the generalized non-Abelian Yang-Mills gauge field appearing in particular as a sub-field of the geometrized electromagnetic interaction.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Narita, Makoto [Department of Mathematics, National Taiwan University, 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Rd., Taipei 106, Taiwan (China)
2006-12-21
We discuss the strong cosmic censorship conjecture for cosmological spacetimes in the Einstein-Yang-Mills-dilaton system. Locally rotational symmetric Bianchi I spacetimes are considered. We show local and global existence theorems for the system. Asymptotic behaviour for the spacetimes is also investigated. The curvature invariant is blowup at the initial singularities and the spacetimes are future geodesic complete. Thus, the strong cosmic censorship conjecture for the spacetimes holds.
The Infrared Behaviour of the Pure Yang-Mills Green Functions
Boucaud, P; Le Yaouanc, A; Lokhov, A Y; Micheli, J; Pène, O; Rodríguez-Quintero, J; Roiesnel, C; Boucaud, Ph.
2005-01-01
We study the infrared behaviour of the pure Yang-Mills correlators using relations that are well defined in the non-perturbative domain. These are the Slavnov-Taylor identity for three-gluon vertex and the Schwinger-Dyson equation for ghost propagator in the Landau gauge. We also use several inputs from lattice simulations. We show that lattice data are in serious conflict with a widely spread analytical relation between the gluon and ghost infrared critical exponents. We conjecture that this is explained by a singular behaviour of the ghost-ghost-gluon vertex function in the infrared. We show that, anyhow, this discrepancy is not due to some lattice artefact since lattice Green functions satisfy the ghost propagator Schwinger-Dyson equation. We also report on a puzzle concerning the infrared gluon propagator: lattice data seem to favor a constant non vanishing zero momentum gluon propagator, while the Slavnov-Taylor identity (complemented with some regularity hypothesis of scalar functions) implies that it s...
Gauge Coupling Field, Currents, Anomalies and N=1 Super-Yang-Mills Effective Actions
Ambrosetti, Nicola; Derendinger, Jean-Pierre; Hartog, Jelle
2016-01-01
Working with a gauge coupling field in a linear superfield, we construct effective Lagrangians for N=1 super-Yang-Mills theory fully compatible with the expected all-order behaviour or physical quantities. Using the one-loop dependence on its ultraviolet cutoff and anomaly matching or cancellation of R and dilatation anomalies, we obtain the Wilsonian effective Lagrangian. With similar anomaly matching or cancellation methods, we derive the effective action for gaugino condensates, as a function of the real coupling field. Both effective actions lead to a derivation of the NSVZ beta function from algebraic arguments only. The extension of results to N=2 theories or to matter systems is briefly considered. The main tool for the discussion of anomalies is a generic supercurrent structure with 16_B+16_F operators (the S multiplet), which we derive using superspace identities and field equations for a fully general gauge theory Lagrangian with the linear gauge coupling superfield, and with various U(1)_R currents...
Yang-Mills theory for semidirect products G x g{sup *} and its instantons
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ruiz Ruiz, F. [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Departamento de Fisica Teorica I, Madrid (Spain)
2015-07-15
Yang-Mills theory with a symmetry algebra that is the semidirect product h x h* defined by the coadjoint action of a Lie algebra h on its dual h* is studied. The gauge group is the semidirect product G{sub h} x h*, a noncompact group given by the coadjoint action on h* of the Lie group G{sub h} of h* For h simple, a method to construct the self-antiself dual instantons of the theory and their gauge nonequivalent deformations is presented. Every G{sub h} x h* instanton has an embedded G{sub h} instanton with the same instanton charge, in terms of which the construction is realized. As an example, h = su(2) and instanton charge one is considered. The gauge group is in this case SU(2) x R{sup 3}. Explicit expressions for the selfdual connection, the zero modes and the metric and complex structures of the moduli space are given. (orig.)
A new phase for the anisotropic N=4 super Yang-Mills plasma
Banks, Elliot
2015-01-01
Black hole solutions of type IIB supergravity have been previously constructed that describe the N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills plasma with an anisotropic spatial deformation. The zero temperature limit of these black holes approach a Lifshitz-like scaling solution in the infrared. We show that these black holes become unstable at low temperature and we construct a new class of black hole solutions which are thermodynamically preferred. The phase transition is third order and incorporates a spontaneous breaking of the $SO(6)$ global symmetry down to $SO(4)\\times SO(2)$. The critical exponents for the phase transition are given by $(\\alpha,\\beta,\\gamma,\\delta)=(-1,1,1,2)$ which differ from the standard mean-field exponents usually seen in holography. At low temperatures the black holes approach a novel kind of scaling behaviour in the far IR with spatial anisotropy and hyperscaling violation. We show that the new ground states are thermal insulators in the direction of the anisotropy.
Doubled Lattice Chern-Simons-Yang-Mills Theories with Discrete Gauge Group
Caspar, Stephan; Olesen, Therkel Z; Vlasii, Nadiia D; Wiese, Uwe-Jens
2016-01-01
We construct doubled lattice Chern-Simons-Yang-Mills theories with discrete gauge group $G$ in the Hamiltonian formulation. Here, these theories are considered on a square spatial lattice and the fundamental degrees of freedom are defined on pairs of links from the direct lattice and its dual, respectively. This provides a natural lattice construction for topologically-massive gauge theories, which are invariant under parity and time-reversal symmetry. After defining the building blocks of the doubled theories, paying special attention to the realization of gauge transformations on quantum states, we examine the dynamics in the group space of a single cross, which is spanned by a single link and its dual. The dynamics is governed by the single-cross electric Hamiltonian and admits a simple quantum mechanical analogy to the problem of a charged particle moving on a discrete space affected by an abstract electromagnetic potential. Such a particle might accumulate a phase shift equivalent to an Aharonov-Bohm pha...
Numerical study of tree-level improved lattice gradient flows in pure Yang-Mills theory
Kamata, Norihiko
2016-01-01
We study several types of tree-level improvement in the Yang-Mills gradient flow method in order to reduce the lattice discretization errors in line with a reference [Fodor et al., arXiv:1406.0827]. The tree-level $\\mathcal{O}(a^2)$ improvement can be achieved in a simple manner, where an appropriate weighted average is computed between two definitions of the action density $\\langle E(t)\\rangle$ measured at every flow time $t$. We further develop the idea of achieving the tree-level $\\mathcal{O}(a^4)$ improvement. For testing our proposal, we present numerical results of $\\langle E(t)\\rangle$ obtained on gauge configurations generated with the Wilson and Iwasaki gauge actions at three lattice spacings ($a\\approx 0.1, 0.07$ and 0.05 fm). Our results show that tree-level improved flows significantly eliminate the discretization corrections in the relatively small-$t$ regime. To demonstrate the feasibility of our proposal, we also study the scaling behavior of the dimensionless combinations of the $\\Lambda_{\\ove...
A Tree-level Unitary Noncompact Weyl-Einstein-Yang-Mills Model
Dengiz, Suat
2016-01-01
We construct and study perturbative unitarity (i.e., ghost and tachyon analysis) of a $3+1$-dimensional noncompact Weyl-Einstein-Yang-Mills model. The model describes a local noncompact Weyl's scale plus $SU(N)$ phase invariant Higgs-like field, conformally coupled to a generic Weyl-invariant dynamical background. Here, the Higgs-like sector generates the Weyl's conformal invariance of system. The action does not admit any dimensionful parameter and genuine presence of de Sitter vacuum spontaneously breaks the noncompact gauge symmetry in an analogous manner to the Standard Model Higgs mechanism. As to flat spacetime, the dimensionful parameter is generated within the dimensional transmutation in quantum field theories, and thus the symmetry is radiatively broken through the one-loop Effective Coleman-Weinberg potential. We show that the mere expectation of reducing to Einstein's gravity in the broken phases forbids anti-de Sitter space to be its stable constant curvature vacuum. The model is unitary in de Si...
Dynamical Mass Reduction in the Massive Yang-Mills Spectrum in $1+1$ dimensions
Cubero, Axel Cortes
2014-01-01
The (1+1)-dimensional SU}(N) Yang-Mills Lagrangian, with bare mass M, and gauge coupling e, naively describes gluons of mass M. In fact, renormalization forces M to infinity. The system is in a confined phase, instead of a Higgs phase. The spectrum of this diverging-bare-mass theory contains particles of finite mass. There are an infinite number of physical particles, which are confined hadron-like bound states of fundamental colored excitations. These particles transform under irreducible representations of the global subgroup of the explicitly-broken gauge symmetry. The fundamental excitations are those of the SU(N) X SU(N) principal chiral sigma model, with coupling e/M. We find the masses of meson-like bound states of two elementary excitations. This is done using the exact S matrix of the sigma model. We point out that the color-singlet spectrum coincides with that of the weakly-coupled anisotropic SU(N) gauge theory in 2+1 dimensions. We also briefly comment on how the spectrum behaves in the 't~Hooft l...
On Yang--Mills Theories with Chiral Matter at Strong Coupling
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Shifman, M.; /Minnesota U., Theor. Phys. Inst. /Saclay, SPhT; Unsal, Mithat; /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.
2008-08-20
Strong coupling dynamics of Yang-Mills theories with chiral fermion content remained largely elusive despite much effort over the years. In this work, we propose a dynamical framework in which we can address non-perturbative properties of chiral, non-supersymmetric gauge theories, in particular, chiral quiver theories on S{sub 1} x R{sub 3}. Double-trace deformations are used to stabilize the center-symmetric vacuum. This allows one to smoothly connect smaller(S{sub 1}) to larger(S{sub 1}) physics (R{sub 4} is the limiting case) where the double-trace deformations are switched off. In particular, occurrence of the mass gap in the gauge sector and linear confinement due to bions are analytically demonstrated. We find the pattern of the chiral symmetry realization which depends on the structure of the ring operators, a novel class of topological excitations. The deformed chiral theory, unlike the undeformed one, satisfies volume independence down to arbitrarily small volumes (a working Eguchi-Kawai reduction) in the large N limit. This equivalence, may open new perspectives on strong coupling chiral gauge theories on R{sub 4}.
Quantum mechanical sectors in thermal N=4 super-Yang-Mills on RxS3
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We study the thermodynamics of U(N)N=4 super-Yang-Mills (SYM) on RxS3 with non-zero chemical potentials for the SU(4) R-symmetry. We find that when we are near a point with zero temperature and critical chemical potential, N=4 SYM on RxS3 reduces to a quantum mechanical theory. We identify three such critical regions giving rise to three different quantum mechanical theories. Two of them have a Hilbert space given by the SU(2) and SU(2|3) sectors of N=4 SYM of recent interest in the study of integrability, while the third one is the half-BPS sector dual to bubbling AdS geometries. In the planar limit the three quantum mechanical theories can be seen as spin chains. In particular, we identify a near-critical region in which N=4 SYM on RxS3 essentially reduces to the ferromagnetic XXX1/2 Heisenberg spin chain. We find furthermore a limit in which this relation becomes exact
Two- and three-point functions in Landau gauge Yang-Mills-Higgs theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Yang-Mills-Higgs theory offers a rich set of physics. In particular, in some region of its parameter space it has QCD-like behavior, while in some other range it is Higgs-like. Furthermore, for the choice of the gauge group SU(2) and an SU(2) Higgs flavor symmetry it is the Higgs sector of the standard model. Therefore, it is possible to study a plethora of phenomena within a single theory. Here the standard-model version is studied using lattice gauge theory. Choosing non-aligned minimal Landau gauge, its propagators and three-point vertices will be determined in both the QCD-like and Higgs-like domains. This permits to test various proposals for how confinement works, as well as how confinement and the Higgs effect differ. The correlations functions are found to exhibit a different behavior, depending on whether the lowest mass scalar flavor singlet is lighter than the vector triplet, heavier and stable, or unstable against decay into two vector triplets
Three-Loop Yang-Mills $\\beta$-Function via the Covariant Background Field Method
Boernsen, J P; Ven, Anton E. M. van de
2003-01-01
We demonstrate the effectivity of the covariant background field method by means of an explicit calculation of the 3-loop beta-function for a pure Yang-Mills theory. To maintain manifest background invariance throughout our calculation, we stay in coordinate space and treat the background field non-perturbatively. In this way the presence of a background field does not increase the number of vertices and leads to a relatively small number of vacuum graphs in the effective action. Restricting to a covariantly constant background field in Fock-Schwinger gauge permits explicit expansion of all quantum field propagators in powers of the field strength only. Hence, Feynman graphs are at most logarithmically divergent. At 2-loop order only a single Feynman graph without subdivergences needs to be calculated. At 3-loop order 24 graphs remain. Insisting on manifest background gauge invariance at all stages of a calculation is thus shown to be a major labor saving device. All calculations were performed with Mathemati...
Quantum parameter space and double scaling limits in N=1 super Yang-Mills theory
Ferrari, Frank
2003-04-01
We study the physics of N=1 super Yang-Mills theory with the gauge group U(N) and one adjoint Higgs field, by using the recently derived exact effective superpotentials. Interesting phenomena occur for some special values of the Higgs potential couplings. We find critical points with massless glueballs and/or massless monopoles, confinement without a mass gap, and tensionless domain walls. We describe the transitions between regimes with different patterns of gauge symmetry breaking, or, in the matrix model language, between solutions with a different number of cuts. The standard large N expansion is singular near the critical points, with domain wall tensions scaling as a fractional power of N. We argue that the critical points are four-dimensional analogues of the Kazakov critical points that are commonly found in low dimensional matrix integrals. We define a double scaling limit that yields the exact tension of BPS two-branes in the resulting N=1, four-dimensional noncritical string theory. D-brane states can be deformed continuously into closed string solitonic states, and vice versa, along paths that go over regions where the string coupling is strong.
Script N = 4 Super Yang Mills at Finite Density: the Naked Truth
Evans, Nick; Hockings, James
2002-07-01
We study Script N = 4 super Yang Mills theory at finite U(1)R charge density (and temperature) using the AdS/CFT Correspondence. The ten dimensional backgrounds around spinning D3 brane configurations split into two classes of solution. One class describe spinning black branes and have previously been extensively studied, and interpreted, in a thermodynamic context, as the deconfined high density phase of the dual field theory. The other class have naked singularities and in the supersymmetric limit are known to correspond to multi-centre solutions describing the field theory in the Coulomb phase. We provide evidence that the non-supersymmetric members of this class represent naked, spinning D-brane distributions describing the Coulomb branch at finite density. At a critical density a phase transition occurs to a spinning black brane representing the deconfined phase where the Higgs vevs have evaporated. We perform a free energy calculation to determine the phase diagram of the Coulomb branch at finite temperature and density.
Quantum parameter space and double scaling limits in N=1 super Yang-Mills theory
Ferrari, F
2003-01-01
We study the physics of N=1 super Yang-Mills theory with gauge group U(Nc) and one adjoint Higgs field, by using the recently derived exact effective superpotentials. Interesting phenomena occur for some special values of the Higgs potential couplings. We find critical points with massless glueballs and/or massless monopoles, confinement without a mass gap, and tensionless domain walls. We describe the transitions between regimes with different patterns of gauge symmetry breaking, or, in the matrix model language, between solutions with a different number of cuts. The standard large Nc expansion is singular near the critical points, with domain walls tensions scaling as a fractional power of Nc. We argue that the critical points are four dimensional analogues of the Kazakov critical points that are commonly found in low dimensional matrix integrals. We define a double scaling limit that yields the exact tension of BPS two-branes in the resulting N=1, four dimensional non-critical string theory. D-brane states...
Magnetic monopole solutions in a modified Einstein-Yang-Mills-Higgs system
Ai Viet, Nguyen; Wali, Kameshwar C.
1995-02-01
We study the Yang-Mills-Higgs system within the framework of general relativity with an unconventional coupling of the scalar field to gravity. In the static situation, using a Bogomol'nyi-type analysis, we derive a positive-definite energy functional with a lower bound that is attained when the Bogomolnyi conditions are satisfied. Specializing to the gauge group SU(2) and the 't Hooft-Polyakov ansatz for the gauge and Higgs fields, we seek static, spherically symmetric solutions to the coupled system of equations together with Bogomol'nyi conditions. In both the isotropic and standard coordinate systems, in the spontaneously broken symmetry situation, we find great simplifications reducing the solutions of the coupled system to the solution of a single nonlinear differential equation, different one in each case, but well known in other contexts of physics. We find Abelian and non-Abelian monopole solutions with gravitational fields playing the role of Higgs fields in providing attraction that balances the repulsion due to the gague fields. These solutions in general have naked singularities at the origin. But as solutions we also find extreme Reissner-Nordström black holes as well as a new non-Abelian monopole solution that has a horizon enclosing the singularity.
N=4 Super Yang Mills at Finite Density the Naked Truth
Evans, N; Evans, Nick; Hockings, James
2002-01-01
We study N=4 super Yang Mills theory at finite U(1)_R charge density (and temperature) using the AdS/CFT Correspondence. The ten dimensional backgrounds around spinning D3 brane configurations split into two classes of solution. One class describe spinning black holes and have previously been extensively studied, and interpreted, in a thermodynamic context, as the deconfined high density phase of the dual field theory. The other class have naked singularities and in the supersymmetric limit are known to correspond to multi-centre solutions describing the field theory in the Coulomb phase. We provide evidence that the non-supersymmetric members of this class represent naked, spinning D-brane distributions describing the Coulomb branch at finite density. At a critical density a phase transition occurs to a spinning black hole representing the deconfined phase where the higgs vevs have evaporated. We perform a free energy calculation to determine the phase diagram of the Coulomb branch at finite temperature and ...
Hamiltonian Approach to 1+1 dimensional Yang-Mills theory in Coulomb gauge
Reinhardt, H
2008-01-01
We study the Hamiltonian approach to 1+1 dimensional Yang-Mills theory in Coulomb gauge, considering both the pure Coulomb gauge and the gauge where in addition the remaining constant gauge field is restricted to the Cartan algebra. We evaluate the corresponding Faddeev-Popov determinants, resolve Gauss' law and derive the Hamiltonians, which differ in both gauges due to additional zero modes of the Faddeev-Popov kernel in the pure Coulomb gauge. By Gauss' law the zero modes of the Faddeev-Popov kernel constrain the physical wave functionals to zero colour charge states. We solve the Schroedinger equation in the pure Coulomb gauge and determine the vacuum wave functional. The gluon and ghost propagators and the static colour Coulomb potential are calculated in the first Gribov region as well as in the fundamental modular region, and Gribov copy effects are studied. We explicitly demonstrate that the Dyson-Schwinger equations do not specify the Gribov region while the propagators and vertices do depend on the ...
The Two-Loop Six-Point MHV Amplitude in Maximally Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bern, Z.; Dixon, L.J.; Kosower, D.A.; Roiban, R.; Spradlin, M.; Vergu, C.; Volovich, A.
2008-03-12
We give a representation of the parity-even part of the planar two-loop six-gluon MHV amplitude of N = 4 super-Yang-Mills theory, in terms of loop-momentum integrals with simple dual conformal properties. We evaluate the integrals numerically in order to test directly the ABDK/BDS all-loop ansatz for planar MHV amplitudes. We find that the ansatz requires an additive remainder function, in accord with previous indications from strong-coupling and Regge limits. The planar six-gluon amplitude can also be compared with the hexagonal Wilson loop computed by Drummond, Henn, Korchemsky and Sokatchev in arXiv:0803.1466 [hep-th]. After accounting for differing singularities and other constants independent of the kinematics, we find that the Wilson loop and MHV-amplitude remainders are identical, to within our numerical precision. This result provides non-trivial confirmation of a proposed n-point equivalence between Wilson loops and planar MHV amplitudes, and suggests that an additional mechanism besides dual conformal symmetry fixes their form at six points and beyond.
Gauge-invariant formulation of the dynamics of the quantized Yang--Mills field
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The quantum theory of the Yang--Mills field is formulated in terms of gauge-invariant, path-independent potentials and conjugate momenta. These nonlocal variables are a generalization to the non-Abelian case of the gauge invariants used by Dirac in his gauge-invariant formulation of quantum electrodynamics, and they are a path-independent, symmetrically ordered modification of the Mandelstam-displaced operators. The commutation relations, constraints, and equations of motion satisfied by the gauge invariants are derived from a canonical foundation and are seen to form Schwinger's consistent system of symmetrically factor-ordered gauge-field equations. All equations are satisfied strongly, and, if gauge-invariant operators are used to raise states from a gauge-invariant vacuum, nonphysical states will not be introduced into the theory. A simple relation holds between the local, canonical variables and the gauge invariants; this circumstance allows the energy--momentum tensor density to be expressed either in terms of the canonical variables or the gauge invariants. Elimination of the local canonical variables in favor of the gauge invariants shows, from a different point of view, the origin of the nonclassical terms in Schwinger's Hamiltonian and equations of motion. It is shown that these terms are necessary in order to satisfy integrability conditions on the field equations. Working with the canonical variables permits a straightforward evaluation of the energy--momentum density commutators which are needed to verify the Lie-algebra relations of the inhomogeneous Lorentz group and the local conservation of the energy--momentum density operator. The inhomogeneous Lorentz-group boost-transformation equations are derived in a manner natural to the development given here. Schwinger's transformations are found and his assertion of Lorentz invariance is confirmed
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Trunev A. P.
2015-04-01
Full Text Available Metric describing the accelerated and rotating reference system in general relativity in the case of an arbitrary dependence of acceleration and angular velocity on time has been proposed. It is established that the curvature tensor in such metrics is zero, which corresponds to movement in the flat spaces. It is shown that the motion of test bodies in the metric accelerated and rotating reference system in general relativity is similarly to the classical motion in non-inertial reference frame. Maxwell's equations and Yang-Mills theory are converted to the moving axes in metric describes the acceleration and rotating reference frame in the general relativity in the case of an arbitrary dependence of acceleration and angular velocity of the system from time. The article discusses the known effects associated with acceleration and (or the rotation of the reference frame - the Sagnac effect, the effect of the Stewart-Tolman and other similar effects. The numerical model of wave propagation in non-inertial reference frames in the case when potential depending of one, two and three spatial dimensions has been developed. It has been shown in numerical experiment that the acceleration of the reference system leads to retardation effects, as well as to a violation of the symmetry of the wave front, indicating that there is local change of wave speed
On some properties of SU(3) Fusion Coefficients
Coquereaux, Robert
2016-01-01
Three aspects of the SU(3) fusion coefficients are revisited: the generating polynomials of fusion coefficients are written explicitly; some curious identities generalizing the classical Freudenthal-de Vries formula are derived; and the properties of the fusion coefficients under conjugation of one of the factors, previously analysed in the classical case, are extended to the affine algebra of su(3) at finite level.
Caporaso, Nicola; Cirafici, Michele; Griguolo, Luca; Pasquetti, Sara; Seminara, Domenico; Szabo, Richard J.
2006-01-01
We examine the problem of counting bound states of BPS black holes on local Calabi-Yau threefolds which are fibrations over a Riemann surface by computing the partition function of q-deformed Yang-Mills theory on the Riemann surface. We study in detail the genus zero case and obtain, at finite N, the instanton expansion of the gauge theory. It can be written exactly as the partition function for U(N) Chern-Simons gauge theory on a Lens space, summed over all non-trivial vacua, plus a tower of non-perturbative instanton contributions. The correspondence between two and three dimensional gauge theories is elucidated by an explicit mapping between two-dimensional Yang-Mills instantons and flat connections on the Lens space. In the large N limit we find a peculiar phase structure in the model. At weak string coupling the theory reduces exactly to the trivial flat connection sector with instanton contributions exponentially suppressed, and the topological string partition function on the resolved conifold is reproduced in this regime. At a certain critical point all non-trivial vacua contribute, instantons are enhanced and the theory appears to undergo a phase transition into a strong coupling regime. We rederive these results by performing a saddle-point approximation to the exact partition function. We obtain a q-deformed version of the Douglas-Kazakov equation for two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory on the sphere, whose one-cut solution below the transition point reproduces the resolved conifold geometry. Above the critical point we propose a two-cut solution that should reproduce the chiral-antichiral dynamics found for black holes on the Calabi-Yau threefold and the Gross-Taylor string in the undeformed limit. The transition from the strong coupling phase to the weak coupling phase appears to be of third order.
Numerical evidence for the Maldacena conjecture in two-dimensional N=(8,8) super Yang-Mills theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The N=(8,8) super Yang-Mills theory in 1+1 dimensions is solved at strong coupling to directly confirm the predictions of supergravity at weak coupling. The calculations are done in the large-Nc approximation using Supersymmetric Discrete Light-Cone Quantization. The stress-energy correlator is obtained as a function of the separation r; for intermediate values of r, the correlator behaves in a manner consistent with the 1/r5 behavior predicted by weak-coupling supergravity
Tachyonic instabilities in 2+1 dimensional Yang-Mills theory and its connection to Number Theory
Chamizo, Fernando
2016-01-01
We consider the $2+1$ dimensional Yang-Mills theory with gauge group $\\text{SU}(N)$ on a flat 2-torus under twisted boundary conditions. We study the possibility of phase transitions (tachyonic instabilities) when $N$ and the volume vary and certain chromomagnetic flux associated to the topology of the bundle can be adjusted. Under natural assumptions about how to match the perturbative regime and the expected confinement, we prove that the absence of tachyonic instabilities is related to some problems in number theory, namely the Diophantine approximation of irreducible fractions by other fractions of smaller denominator.
The topological susceptibility in the large-N limit of SU(N) Yang-Mills theory
Cè, Marco; Giusti, Leonardo; Schaefer, Stefan
2016-01-01
We compute the topological susceptibility of the SU(N) Yang-Mills theory in the large-N limit with a percent level accuracy. This is achieved by measuring the gradient-flow definition of the susceptibility at three values of the lattice spacing for N=3,4,5,6. Thanks to this coverage of parameter space, we can extrapolate the results to the large-N and continuum limits with confidence. Open boundary conditions are instrumental to make simulations feasible on the finer lattices at the larger N.
Predicting Planck scale and Newton constant from a Yang-Mills gauge theory: 1 and 2-loops estimates
Sobreiro, Rodrigo F
2016-01-01
Recently, a model for an emergent gravity based on $SO(5)$ Yang-Mills action in Euclidian four-dimensional spacetime was proposed. In this work we provide some 1 and 2-loop computations and show that the model can accomodate suitable predicting values for the Newton's gravitational constant. Moreover, it is shown that the typical scale of the expected phase transition between the quantum theory and the geometrodynamical phase is consistent with Planck scale. We also provide a discussion on the cosmological constant problem.
Collinear and Regge behavior of 2{yields}4 MHV amplitude in N=4 super Yang-Mills theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bartels, J.; Prygarin, A. [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; Lipatov, L.N. [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; St. Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (Russian Federation)
2011-04-15
We investigate the collinear and Regge behavior of the 2{yields}4 MHV amplitude in N=4 super Yang-Mills theory in the BFKL approach. The expression for the remainder function in the collinear kinematics proposed by Alday, Gaiotto, Maldacena, Sever and Vieira is analytically continued to the Mandelstam region. The result of the continuation in the Regge kinematics shows an agreement with the BFKL approach up to to five-loop level. We present the Regge theory interpretation of the obtained results and discuss some issues related to a possible nonmultiplicative renormalization of the remainder function in the collinear limit. (orig.)
A non-perturbative study of the correlation functions of three-dimensional Yang-Mills theory
Huber, Markus Q
2016-01-01
Yang-Mills theory is studied in three dimensions using the equations of motion of the $1$PI and $3$PI effective actions. The employed self-contained truncation includes the propagators, the three-point functions and the four-gluon vertex dynamically. In the gluon propagator also two-loop diagrams are taken into account. The higher gluonic correlation functions show sizable deviations from the tree-level only at low momenta. Also the couplings derived from the vertices agree well down to a few GeV. In addition, different methods to subtract spurious divergences are explored.
The Types of Axisymmetric Exact Solutions Closely Related to n-SOLITONS for Yang-Mills Theory
Zhong, Zai Zhe
In this letter, we point out that if a symmetric 2×2 real matrix M(ρ,z) obeys the Belinsky-Zakharov equation and |det(M)|=1, then an axisymmetric Bogomol'nyi field exact solution for the Yang-Mills-Higgs theory can be given. By using the inverse scattering technique, some special Bogomol'nyi field exact solutions, which are closely related to the true solitons, are generated. In particular, the Schwarzschild-like solution is a two-soliton-like solution.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sandbrink, Dirk
2015-01-26
One of the most promising candidates to describe the physics beyond the standard model is the so-called supersymmetry. This work was created in the context of the DESY-Muenster-Collaboration, which studies in particular the N=1 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory (SYM). SYM is a comparatively simple theory, which is therefore well-suited to study the expected properties of a supersymmetric theory with the help of Monte Carlo simulations on the lattice. This thesis is focused on the numerical determination of the quarkpotential, the glueball masses and the phase structur of the N=1 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. The quarkpotential is used to calculate the Sommer scale, which in turn is needed to convert the dimensionless lattice spacing into physical units. Glueballs are hypothetical particles built out of gluons, their masses are relatively hard to determine in lattice simulations due to their pure gluonic nature. For this reason, various methods are studied to reduce the uncertainties of the mass determination. The focus lies on smearing methods and their use in variational smearing as well as on the use of different glueball operators. Lastly, a first look is taken at the phase diagram of the model at finite temperature. Various simulations have been performed at finite temperature in parallel to those performed at temperature zero to analyse the behaviour of the Polyakov loop and the gluino condensate in greater detail.
High-energy scattering in strongly coupled N=4 super Yang-Mills theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sprenger, Martin
2014-11-15
This thesis concerns itself with the analytic structure of scattering amplitudes in strongly coupled N=4 super Yang-Mills theory (abbreviated N = 4 SYM) in the multi-Regge limit. Through the AdS/CFT-correspondence observables in strongly coupled N = 4 SYM are accessible via dual calculations in a weakly coupled string theory on an AdS{sub 5} x S{sub 5}-geometry, in which observables can be calculated using standard perturbation theory. In particular, the calculation of the leading order of the n-gluon amplitude in N = 4 SYM at strong coupling corresponds to the calculation of a minimal surface embedded into AdS{sub 5}. This surface ends on the concatenation of the gluon momenta, which is a light-like curve. The calculation of the minimal surface area can be reduced to finding the solution of a set of non-linear, coupled integral equations, which have no analytic solution in arbitrary kinematics. In this thesis, we therefore specialise to the multi-Regge limit, the n-particle generalisation of the Regge limit. This limit is especially interesting as even in the description of scattering amplitudes in weakly coupled N = 4 SYM in this limit a certain set of Feynman diagrams has to be resummed. This description organises itself into orders of logarithms of the energy involved in the scattering process. In this expansion each order in logarithms includes terms from every order in the coupling constant and therefore contains information about the strong coupling sector of the theory, albeit in a very specific way. This raises the central question of this thesis, which is how much of the analytic structure of the scattering amplitudes in the multi-Regge limit is preserved as we go to the strong coupling regime. We show that the equations governing the area of the minimal surface simplify drastically in the multi-Regge limit, which allows us to obtain analytic results for the scattering amplitudes. We develop an algorithm for the calculation of scattering amplitudes in the
Ghanem, Sari
2016-01-01
We prove uniform decay estimates in the entire exterior of the Schwarzschild black hole for gauge invariant norms on the Yang-Mills fields valued in the Lie algebra associated to the Lie group $SU(2)$. We assume that the initial data are spherically symmetric satisfying a certain Ansatz, and have small energy, which eliminates the stationary solutions which do not decay. We first prove a Morawetz type estimate that is stronger than the one assumed in previous work by the first author, without passing through the scalar wave equation on the Yang-Mills curvature, using the Yang-Mills equations directly. This allows one by then to adapt the proof constructed in this previous work to show local energy decay and uniform decay of the $L^{\\infty}$ norm of the middle components in the entire exterior of the Schwarzschild black hole, including the event horizon.
Caporaso, N; Griguolo, L; Pasquetti, S; Seminara, D; Szabó, R J; Caporaso, Nicola; Cirafici, Michele; Griguolo, Luca; Pasquetti, Sara; Seminara, Domenico; Szabo, Richard J.
2006-01-01
We examine the problem of counting bound states of BPS black holes on local Calabi-Yau threefolds which are fibrations over a Riemann surface by computing the partition function of $q$-deformed Yang-Mills theory on the Riemann surface. We study in detail the genus zero case and obtain, at finite $N$, the instanton expansion of the gauge theory. It can be written exactly as the partition function for $U(N)$ Chern-Simons gauge theory on a Lens space, summed over all non-trivial vacua, plus a tower of non-perturbative instanton contributions. The correspondence between two and three dimensional gauge theories is elucidated by an explicit mapping between two-dimensional Yang-Mills instantons and flat connections on the Lens space. In the large $N$ limit we find a peculiar phase structure in the model. At weak string coupling the theory reduces exactly to the trivial flat connection sector with instanton contributions exponentially suppressed, and the topological string partition function on the resolved conifold ...
Field-dependent BRST-antiBRST Transformations in Yang-Mills and Gribov-Zwanziger Theories
Moshin, Pavel Yu
2014-01-01
We introduce the notion of finite BRST-antiBRST transformations, both global and field-dependent, with a doublet $\\lambda_{a}$, $a=1,2$, of anticommuting Grassmann parameters and find an explicit Jacobian corresponding to this change of variables in Yang-Mills theories. It turns out that the finite transformations are quadratic in their parameters. At the same time, exactly as in the case of finite field-dependent BRST transformations for the Yang-Mills vacuum functional, special field-dependent BRST-antiBRST transformations with $s_{a}$-potential parameters $\\lambda_{a}=s_{a}\\Lambda$ induced by a finite even-valued functional $\\Lambda$ and the anticommuting generators $s_{a}$ of BRST-antiBRST transformations, amount to a precise change of the gauge-fixing functional. This proves the independence of the vacuum functional under such BRST-antiBRST transformations. We present the form of transformation parameters that generates a change of the gauge in the path integral and evaluate it explicitly for connecting ...
Wilhelm, Matthias
2016-01-01
In the first part of this thesis, we study form factors of general gauge-invariant local composite operators in $\\mathcal{N}=4$ super Yang-Mills theory at various loop orders and for various numbers of external legs. We show how to use on-shell methods for their calculation and in particular extract the dilatation operator from the result. We also investigate the properties of the corresponding remainder functions. Moreover, we extend on-shell diagrams, a Gra{\\ss}mannian integral formulation and an integrability-based construction via R-operators to form factors, focussing on the chiral part of the stress-tensor supermultiplet as an example. In the second part, we study the $\\beta$- and the $\\gamma_i$-deformation, which were respectively shown to be the most general supersymmetric and non-supersymmetric field-theory deformations of $\\mathcal{N}=4$ super Yang-Mills theory that are integrable at the level of the asymptotic Bethe ansatz. For these theories, a new kind of finite-size effect occurs, which we call ...
Cho Abelian decomposition to the exact A-M-A solutions of the SU(2) Yang-Mills-Higgs theory
Wong, Khai-Ming; Teh, Rosy; Tie, Timothy
2015-04-01
We consider Cho Abelian decomposition to the exact A-M-A configurations in the SU(2) Yang-Mills-Higgs theory. The non-Abelian Yang-Mills gauge potential is decomposed into the restricted and the valence part. With the decomposition, the complete Abelian picture that draws to the various monopoles configurations can be seen clearly. The singularities for the two accompanying antimonopoles and the vortex ring are removed by the corresponding valence potential. However the singularity of the composite monopole at the origin is not removed, but strengthened. Hence the composite monopole is a different kind of monopole entity. Elsewhere, the plane singularity in the solution is not readily be removed by the valence potential. On the other hand, we also solve the decomposed equations to study the solutions that lead to the spatial infinity boundary conditions of the various numerical monopoles configurations. The decomposed equations are also solved in the near-origin region for exact solutions and their properties such as the magnetic field are plotted, which confirms the correspondence with their properties at the near infinity region.
The Hamiltonian Approach to Yang-Mills (2+1): An Update and Corrections to String Tension
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Yang-Mills theories in 2+1 (or 3) dimensions are interesting as nontrivial gauge theories in their own right and as effective theories of QCD at high temperatures. I shall review the basics of our Hamiltonian approach to this theory, emphasizing symmetries with a short update on its status. We will show that the calculation of the vacuum wave function for Yang-Mills theory in 2+1 dimensions is in the lowest order of a systematic expansion. Expectation values of observables can be calculated using an effective interacting chiral boson theory, which also leads to a natural expansion as a double series in the coupling constant (to be interpreted within a resummed perturbation series) and a particular kinematical factor. The calculation of the first set of corrections in this expansion shows that the string tension is modified by about −0.3% to −2.8% compared to the lowest order value. This is in good agreement with lattice estimates
Hsu, Jong-Ping
2013-01-01
Yang-Mills gravity is a new theory, consistent with experiments, that brings gravity back to the arena of gauge field theory and quantum mechanics in flat space-time. It provides solutions to long-standing difficulties in physics, such as the incompatibility between Einstein's principle of general coordinate invariance and modern schemes for a quantum mechanical description of nature, and Noether's 'Theorem II' which showed that the principle of general coordinate invariance in general relativity leads to the failure of the law of conservation of energy. Yang-Mills gravity in flat space-time a
Topological properties of the SU(3) random vortex world-surface model
Engelhardt, M
2008-01-01
The random vortex world-surface model is an infrared effective model of Yang-Mills dynamics based on center vortex degrees of freedom. These degrees of freedom carry topological charge through writhe and self-intersection of their world-surfaces. A practical implementation of the model realizes the vortex world-surfaces by composing them of elementary squares on a hypercubic lattice. The topological charge for specifically such configurations is constructed in the case of SU(3) color. This necessitates a proper treatment of vortex color structure at vortex branchings, a feature which is absent in the SU(2) color case investigated previously. On the basis of the construction, the topological susceptibility is evaluated in the random vortex world-surface ensemble, both in the confined low-temperature as well as in the deconfined high-temperature phase.
Quantum fields in the non-perturbative regime. Yang-Mills theory and gravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Eichhorn, Astrid
2011-09-06
In this thesis we study candidates for fundamental quantum field theories, namely non-Abelian gauge theories and asymptotically safe quantum gravity. Whereas the first ones have a stronglyinteracting low-energy limit, the second one enters a non-perturbative regime at high energies. Thus, we apply a tool suited to the study of quantum field theories beyond the perturbative regime, namely the Functional Renormalisation Group. In a first part, we concentrate on the physical properties of non-Abelian gauge theories at low energies. Focussing on the vacuum properties of the theory, we present an evaluation of the full effective potential for the field strength invariant F{sub {mu}}{sub {nu}}F{sup {mu}}{sup {nu}} from non-perturbative gauge correlation functions and find a non-trivial minimum corresponding to the existence of a dimension four gluon condensate in the vacuum. We also relate the infrared asymptotic form of the {beta} function of the running background-gauge coupling to the asymptotic behavior of Landau-gauge gluon and ghost propagators and derive an upper bound on their scaling exponents. We then consider the theory at finite temperature and study the nature of the confinement phase transition in d = 3+1 dimensions in various non-Abelian gauge theories. For SU(N) with N= 3,..,12 and Sp(2) we find a first-order phase transition in agreement with general expectations. Moreover our study suggests that the phase transition in E(7) Yang-Mills theory also is of first order. Our studies shed light on the question which property of a gauge group determines the order of the phase transition. In a second part we consider asymptotically safe quantum gravity. Here, we focus on the Faddeev-Popov ghost sector of the theory, to study its properties in the context of an interacting UV regime. We investigate several truncations, which all lend support to the conjecture that gravity may be asymptotically safe. In a first truncation, we study the ghost anomalous dimension
Harmonic-Superspace Method Of Solving N=3 Super-Yang-Mills Equations
Niederle, J.; Zupnik, B.
2000-01-01
We analyze the superfield constraints of the D=4, N=3 SYM-theory using light-cone gauge conditions. The SU(3)/U(1) x U(1) harmonic variables are interpreted as auxiliary spectral parameters, and the transform to the harmonic-superspace representation is considered. The harmonic superfield equations of motion are drastically simplified in our gauge, in particular, the basic matrix of the harmonic transform and the corresponding harmonic analytic gauge connections become nilpotent on-shell. It ...
Solving N=3 super-Yang-Mills equations in harmonic superspace
Zupnik, B. M.
2000-01-01
We analyze the superfield constraints of the D=4, N=3 SYM-theory using light-cone gauge conditions. The SU(3)/U(1)xU(1) harmonic variables are interpreted as auxiliary spectral parameters, and the transform to the harmonic-superspace representation is considered. Our nilpotent gauge for the basic harmonic superfield simplifies the SYM-equations of motion. A partial Grassmann decomposition of these equations yields the solvable linear system of iterative equations.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The su(3) mean field approximation describes collective nuclear rotation in a density matrix formalism. The densities ρ=q-i l/2 are 3x3 Hermitian matrices in the su(3) dual space, where q is the expectation of the quadrupole moment and l is the expectation of the angular momentum. The mean field approximation restricts these densities to a level surface of the su(3) Casimirs. Each level surface is a coadjoint orbit of the canonical transformation group SU(3). For each density ρ, the su(3) mean field Hamiltonian h[ρ] is an element of the su(3) Lie algebra. A model su(3) energy functional and the symplectic structure on the coadjoint orbit determine uniquely the su(3) mean field Hamiltonian. The densities in time-dependent su(3) mean field theory obey the dynamical equation i ρ radical = [h[ρ],ρ] on a coadjoint orbit. The cranked mean field Hamiltonian is hΩ=h+iΩ, where Ω is the angular velocity of the rotating principal axis frame. A rotating equilibrium density ρ-tilde in the body-fixed frame is a self-consistent solution to the equation [hΩ[ρ-tilde],ρ-tilde]=0. (author)
Pimenov, A. B.; Stepanyantz, K. V.
2007-01-01
Two-loop Gell-Mann-Low function is calculated for N=1 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory, regularized by higher covariant derivatives. The integrals, which define it, are shown to be reduced to total derivatives and can be easily calculated analytically.
Pimenov, A. B.; Shevtsova, E. S.; Stepanyantz, K. V.
2009-01-01
For the general renormalizable N=1 supersymmetric Yang--Mills theory, regularized by higher covariant derivatives, a two-loop beta-function is calculated. It is shown that all integrals, needed for obtaining this function, can be easily calculated, because they are integrals of total derivatives.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
杨树政†; 林恺
2013-01-01
用Hamilton-Jacobi方法研究了动态球对称Einstein-Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons黑洞事件视界处的隧穿辐射特征及其黑洞事件视界处的温度。其结果表明，黑洞温度及隧穿率与黑洞的固有性质及其动态特征有关。这对于进一步研究动态黑洞的热力学性质及其相关问题是有意义的。其方法的重要意义在于研究这类动态黑洞的霍金辐射时，不仅适用于标量场隧穿辐射的情形，同时也适用于研究旋量场、矢量场以及引力波的隧穿辐射。%Using Hamilton-Jacobi method, the Hawking tunneling radiation and temperature are investigated near the event horizon of the Einstein-Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons black hole. The results show that the temperature and tunneling rate depend on the charge and horizon of black holes, and the conclusion is significant for investigating other dynamical black holes. What is more, we also prove that this method can be used to study Hawking radiation in the scalar, vector, Dirac field and gravitational wave cases.
Jusufi, Kimet
2016-01-01
In the present paper we extend the study of Hawking radiation as a quantum tunneling effect of spin-$1$ particles to the case of a five-dimensional, spherically symmetric, Einstein-Yang-Mills-Gauss-Bonnet (EYMGB) black hole. We solve the Proca equation (PE) by applying the WKB approximation and separation of variables via Hamilton-Jacobi (HJ) equation which results with a set of five differential equations, and reproduce in this way, the Hawking temperature. In the second part of this paper, we extend our results beyond the semiclassical approximation. In particular, we derive the logarithmic correction to the entropy of the EYMGB black hole and show that the quantum corrected specific heat indicates the possible existence of a remnant.
A non-perturbative formulation of N=4 super Yang-Mills theory based on the large-N reduction
Ishiki, Goro; Tsuchiya, Asato
2011-01-01
We study a non-perturbative formulation of N=4 super Yang-Mills theory (SYM) on RxS^3 proposed in arXiv:0807.2352. This formulation is based on the large-N reduction, and the theory can be described as a particular large-N limit of the plane wave matrix model (PWMM), which is obtained by dimensionally reducing the original theory over S^3. In this paper, we perform some tests for this proposal. We construct an operator in the PWMM that corresponds to the Wilson loop in SYM in the continuum limit and calculate the vacuum expectation value of the operator for the case of the circular contour. We find that our result indeed agrees with the well-known result first obtained by Erickson, Semenoff and Zarembo. We also compute the beta function at the 1-loop level based on this formulation and see that it is indeed vanishing.
Large-N limit of the two-dimensoinal Yang-Mills theory on surfaces with boundaries
Alimohammadi, M
2004-01-01
The large-N limit of the two-dimensional U$(N)$ Yang-Mills theory on an arbitrary orientable compact surface with boundaries is studied. It is shown that if the holonomies of the gauge field on boundaries are near the identity, then the critical behavior of the system is the same as that of an orientable surface without boundaries with the same genus but with a modified area. The diffenece between this effective area and the real area of the surface is obtained and shown to be a function of the boundary conditions (holonomies) only. A similar result is shown to hold for the group SU$(N)$ and other simple groups.
Domain walls and the decay rate of the excited vacua in large N Yang-Mills theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In the (nonsupersymmetric) Yang-Mills theory in the large N limit, there exists an infinite set of nondegenerate open-quotes vacua.close quotes The distinct vacua are separated by domain walls whose tension determines the decay rate of the false vacua. I discuss the phenomenon from a field-theoretic point of view, starting from supersymmetric gluodynamics and then breaking supersymmetry by introducing a gluino mass. By combining previously known results, the decay rate of the excited vacua is estimated, Γ∼exp(-constxN4). The fourth power of N in the exponent is a consequence of the fact that the wall tension is proportional to N. copyright 1998 The American Physical Society
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this paper we present a family of supersymmetric Wilson loops of N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in Minkowski space. Our examples focus on curves restricted to hyperbolic submanifolds, H3 and H2, of space-time. Generically they preserve two supercharges, but in special cases more, including a case which has not been discussed before, of the hyperbolic line, conformal to the straight line and circle, which is 1/2 BPS. We discuss some general properties of these Wilson loops and their string duals and study special examples in more detail. Generically the string duals propagate on a complexification of AdS5xS5 and in some specific examples the compact sphere is effectively replaced by a de Sitter space.
Spacetime and flux tube S-matrices at finite coupling for N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory.
Basso, Benjamin; Sever, Amit; Vieira, Pedro
2013-08-30
We propose a nonperturbative formulation of planar scattering amplitudes in N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory, or, equivalently, polygonal Wilson loops. The construction is based on the operator product expansion approach and introduces a new decomposition of the Wilson loop in terms of fundamental building blocks named pentagon transitions. These transitions satisfy a simple relation to the worldsheet S matrix on top of the so-called Gubser-Klebanov-Polyakov vacuum which allows us to bootstrap them at any value of the coupling. In this Letter we present a subsector of the full solution which we call the gluonic part. We match our results with both weak and strong coupling data available in the literature. PMID:24033023
3D N=2 massive super Yang-Mills and membranes/D2-branes in a curved background
Hyun, S; Yi, S H; Hyun, Seungjoon; Park, Jeong-Hyuck; Yi, Sang-Heon
2003-01-01
We present a three dimensional novel massive N=2 super Yang-Mills action as a low energy effective worldvolume description of the D2-branes on a pp-wave. The action contains the Myers term, mass terms for three Higgs, and terms mixing the electric fields with other two Higgs. We derive the action in three different ways, from the M-theory matrix model, from the supermembrane action, and from the Dirac-Born-Infeld action. We verify the consistent mutual agreement and comment how each approach is complementary to another. In particular, we give the eleven dimensional geometric interpretation of the vacua in the worldvolume theory as the membranes tilted to the eleventh direction with the giant gravitons around.
Fröb, Markus B
2016-01-01
We prove the existence of the operator product expansion (OPE) in Euclidean Yang-Mills theories as a short-distance expansion, to all orders in perturbation theory. We furthermore show that the Ward identities of the underlying gauge theory are reflected in the OPE; especially, the OPE of an arbitrary number of gauge-invariant composite operators only involves gauge-invariant composite operators. Moreover, we derive recursion relations which allow to construct the OPE coefficients, the quantum BRST differential and the quantum antibracket order by order in perturbation theory, starting from the known free-theory objects. These relations are completely finite from the start, and do not need any further renormalisation as is usually the case in other approaches. Our results underline the importance of the OPE as a general structure underlying quantum field theories. The proofs are obtained within the framework of the Wilson-Wegner-Polchinski-Wetterich renormalisation group flow equations, and generalise similar...
Guimaraes, M S; Sorella, S P
2016-01-01
In this paper, we discuss non-perturbative infrared features of Yang-Mills theory in Euclidean space-time dimensions greater than four in the Landau gauge and within the Refined Gribov-Zwanziger framework, which enables us to take into account the existence of gauge copies by restricting the domain of integration in the path integral to the Gribov region. Evidences for a decoupling/massive solution for the gluon propagator in higher dimensions are provided. This behavior is strengthened the bigger the dimension is. Further, we show that, by a dimensional reduction of the Refined Gribov-Zwanziger action from five to four dimensions, a non-perturbative coupling between the inverse of the Faddeev-Popov operator and the scalar field corresponding to the fifth component of the gauge field naturally arises, being in agreement with the recently proposed mechanism \\cite{Capri:2014bsa} to generalize the Refined Gribov-Zwanziger construction to the matter sector.
Form factors and the dilatation operator in N= 4 super Yang-Mills theory and its deformations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In the first part of this thesis, we study form factors of general gauge-invariant local composite operators in N=4 super Yang-Mills theory at various loop orders and for various numbers of external legs. We show how to use on-shell methods for their calculation and in particular extract the dilatation operator from the result. We also investigate the properties of the corresponding remainder functions. Moreover, we extend on-shell diagrams, a Grassmannian integral formulation and an integrability-based construction via R-operators to form factors, focussing on the chiral part of the stress-tensor supermultiplet as an example. In the second part, we study the β- and the γi-deformation, which were respectively shown to be the most general supersymmetric and non-supersymmetric field-theory deformations of N=4 super Yang-Mills theory that are integrable at the level of the asymptotic Bethe ansatz. For these theories, a new kind of finite-size effect occurs, which we call prewrapping and which emerges from double-trace structures that are required in the deformed Lagrangians. While the β-deformation is conformal when the double-trace couplings are at their non-trivial IR fixed points, the γi-deformation has running double-trace couplings without fixed points, which break conformal invariance even in the planar theory. Nevertheless, the γi-deformation allows for highly non-trivial field-theoretic tests of integrability at arbitrarily high loop orders.
Form factors and the dilatation operator in N= 4 super Yang-Mills theory and its deformations
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wilhelm, Matthias Oliver
2016-02-12
In the first part of this thesis, we study form factors of general gauge-invariant local composite operators in N=4 super Yang-Mills theory at various loop orders and for various numbers of external legs. We show how to use on-shell methods for their calculation and in particular extract the dilatation operator from the result. We also investigate the properties of the corresponding remainder functions. Moreover, we extend on-shell diagrams, a Grassmannian integral formulation and an integrability-based construction via R-operators to form factors, focussing on the chiral part of the stress-tensor supermultiplet as an example. In the second part, we study the β- and the γ{sub i}-deformation, which were respectively shown to be the most general supersymmetric and non-supersymmetric field-theory deformations of N=4 super Yang-Mills theory that are integrable at the level of the asymptotic Bethe ansatz. For these theories, a new kind of finite-size effect occurs, which we call prewrapping and which emerges from double-trace structures that are required in the deformed Lagrangians. While the β-deformation is conformal when the double-trace couplings are at their non-trivial IR fixed points, the γ{sub i}-deformation has running double-trace couplings without fixed points, which break conformal invariance even in the planar theory. Nevertheless, the γ{sub i}-deformation allows for highly non-trivial field-theoretic tests of integrability at arbitrarily high loop orders.
Balakin, Alexander B.; Lemos, José P. S.; Zayats, Alexei E.
2016-04-01
Alternative theories of gravity and their solutions are of considerable importance since, at some fundamental level, the world can reveal new features. Indeed, it is suspected that the gravitational field might be nonminimally coupled to the other fields at scales not yet probed, bringing into the forefront nonminimally coupled theories. In this mode, we consider a nonminimal Einstein-Yang-Mills theory with a cosmological constant. Imposing spherical symmetry and staticity for the spacetime and a magnetic Wu-Yang ansatz for the Yang-Mills field, we find expressions for the solutions of the theory. Further imposing constraints on the nonminimal parameters, we find a family of exact solutions of the theory depending on five parameters—two nonminimal parameters, the cosmological constant, the magnetic charge, and the mass. These solutions represent magnetic monopoles and black holes in magnetic monopoles with de Sitter, Minkowskian, and anti-de Sitter asymptotics, depending on the sign and value of the cosmological constant Λ . We classify completely the family of solutions with respect to the number and the type of horizons and show that the spacetime solutions can have, at most, four horizons. For particular sets of the parameters, these horizons can become double, triple, and quadruple. For instance, for a positive cosmological constant Λ , there is a critical Λc for which the solution admits a quadruple horizon, evocative of the Λc that appears for a given energy density in both the Einstein static and Eddington-Lemaître dynamical universes. As an example of our classification, we analyze solutions in the Drummond-Hathrell nonminimal theory that describe nonminimal black holes. Another application is with a set of regular black holes previously treated.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Byrd, M.
1997-10-01
The group SU(3) is parameterized in terms of generalized {open_quotes}Euler angles{close_quotes}. The differential operators of SU(3) corresponding to the Lie Algebra elements are obtained, the invariant forms are found, the group invariant volume element is found, and some relevant comments about the geometry of the group manifold are made.
Yang-Mills duality as origin of generations, quark mixing and neutrino oscillations
Tsou, S T
2000-01-01
The origin of fermion generations is one of the great mysteries in particle physics. We consider here a possible solution within the Standard Model framework based on a nonabelian generalization of electric-magnetic duality. First, nonabelian duality says that dual to the colour (electric) symmetry SU(3), there is a ``colour magnetic symmetry'' $\\widetilde{SU}(3)$, which by a result of 't~Hooft is spontaneously broken and can thus play the role of the "horizontal symmetry" of generations. Second, nonabelian duality suggests the manner this symmetry is broken with frame vectors in internal symmetry space acting as Higgs fields. As a result, mass matrices factorize leading to fermion mass hierarchy. A calculation to first order gives mixing (CKM and MNS) matrices in general agreement with experiment. In particular, quark mixing is seen naturally to be weak compared with leptons, while within the lepton sector, $\\mu-\\tau$ mixing turns out near maximal but $e-\\tau$ mixing small, just as seen in recent $\
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ferling, Alexander
2009-05-29
A main topic of this thesis was to transfer the hybrid Monte-Carlo algorithm on a N=1 supersymmetric model. As model served the two-step multi-boson algorithm (TSMB). Beside the essential algorithm in the TSMB program further optimizations were realized. A further step was to optimize the lattice action so that discretization artefacts at finite lattice parameters were more strongly suppressed.
The Framed Standard Model (I) - A Physics Case for Framing the Yang-Mills Theory?
Chan, HM
2015-01-01
Introducing, in the underlying gauge theory of the Standard Model, the frame vectors in internal space as field variables (framons), in addition to the usual gauge boson and matter fermions fields, one obtains: * the standard Higgs scalar as the framon in the electroweak sector; * a global $\\widetilde{su}(3)$ symmetry dual to colour to play the role of fermion generations. Renormalization via framon loops changes the orientation in generation space of the vacuum, hence also of the mass matrices of leptons and quarks, thus making them rotate with changing scale $\\mu$. From previous work, it is known already that a rotatiing mass matrix will lead automatically to: * CKM mixing and neutrino oscillations, * hierarachical masses for quarks and leptons, * a solution to the strong-CP problem transforming the theta-angle into a Kobayashi-Maskawa phase. Here in the FSM, the renormalization group equation has some special properties which explain the main qualitative feaures seen in experiment both for mixing matrices ...
The Framed Standard Model (I) -- A Physics Case for Framing the Yang-Mills Theory?
Chan, Hong-Mo; Tsou, Sheung Tsun
Introducing, in the underlying gauge theory of the Standard Model, the frame vectors in internal space as field variables (framons), in addition to the usual gauge boson and matter fermions fields, one obtains: * the standard Higgs scalar as the framon in the electroweak sector; * a global widetilde{su}(3) symmetry dual to colour to play the role of fermion generations. Renormalization via framon loops changes the orientation in generation space of the vacuum, hence also of the mass matrices of leptons and quarks, thus making them rotate with changing scale μ. From previous work, it is known already that a rotating mass matrix will lead automatically to: * CKM mixing and neutrino oscillations, * hierarchical masses for quarks and leptons, * a solution to the strong-CP problem transforming the theta-angle into a Kobayashi-Maskawa phase. Here in the framed standard model (FSM), the renormalization group equation has some special properties which explain the main qualitative features seen in experiment both for mixing matrices of quarks and leptons, and for their mass spectrum. Quantitative results will be given in Paper II. The present paper ends with some tentative predictions on Higgs decay, and with some speculations on the origin of dark matter...
Particles with internal structure: the geometry of classical motions and conservation laws
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Classical models of elementary particles endowed with internal structure are constructed using the coadjoint orbit method. The geometry of minimal coupling is introduced and the Wong equations are recovered. Conservation laws are derived in the case of symmetric external Einstein-Yang-Mills fields. As a non trivial example, classical motions in a Belyavin-Polyakov-Schwarz-Tyupkin instanton's field are investigated
Level Statistics of SU(3)-SU(3)* Transitional Region
Jafarizadeh, M A; Sabri, H; gavifekr, P Hossein nezhade; Ranjbar, Z
2012-01-01
The level statistics of SU(3)-SU(3)* transitional region of IBM is described by the nearest neighbor spacing distribution statistics. The energy levels are determined by using the SO(6)representation of eigenstates. By employing the MLE technique, the parameter of Abul-Magd distribution is estimated where suggest less regular dynamics for transitional region in compare to dynamical symmetry limits. Also, the O(6)dynamical symmetry which is known as the critical point of this transitional region, describes a deviation to more regular dynamics.
Skyrmions from SU(3) harmonic maps and their quantization
Kopeliovich, V B; Zakrzewski, W J
2000-01-01
Static properties of SU(3) multiskyrmions with baryon number up to 6(classical masses and momenta of inertia) are estimated. The calculations arebased on the recently suggested generalization of the SU(2) rational mapansaetze applied to the SU(3) model. Both SU(2) embedded skyrmions and genuineSU(3) solutions are considered, and it is shown that although, at the classicallevel, the energy of embeddings is lower, the quantum corrections can alterthis conclusion. This correction to the energy of lowest state, bilinear in theWess-Zumino (WZ) term, is presented for the most general case as a convolutionof the inverse tensor of inertia and the components of the WZ-term.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Krishnaswami, Govind S [Institute for Theoretical Physics and Spinoza Institute, Utrecht University, Postbus 80.195, 3508 TD, Utrecht (Netherlands)], E-mail: govind.krishnaswami@durham.ac.uk
2008-04-11
We consider large-N multi-matrix models whose action closely mimics that of Yang-Mills theory, including gauge-fixing and ghost terms. We show that the factorized Schwinger-Dyson loop equations, expressed in terms of the generating series of gluon and ghost correlations G({xi}), are quadratic equations S{sup i}G=G{xi}{sup i}G in concatenation of correlations. The Schwinger-Dyson operator S{sup i} is built from the left annihilation operator, which does not satisfy the Leibnitz rule with respect to concatenation. So the loop equations are not differential equations. We show that left annihilation is a derivation of the graded shuffle product of gluon and ghost correlations. The shuffle product is the point-wise product of Wilson loops, expressed in terms of correlations. So in the limit where concatenation is approximated by shuffle products, the loop equations become differential equations. Remarkably, the Schwinger-Dyson operator as a whole is also a derivation of the graded shuffle product. This allows us to turn the loop equations into linear equations for the shuffle reciprocal, which might serve as a starting point for an approximation scheme.
García-Jiménez, I; Toscano, J J
2016-01-01
One-loop Standard Model observables produced by virtual heavy Kaluza-Klein fields play a prominent role in the minimal model of universal extra dimensions. Motivated by this aspect, we integrate out all the Kaluza-Klein heavy modes coming from the Yang-Mills theory set on a spacetime with an arbitrary number, $n$, of compact extra dimensions. After fixing the gauge with respect to the Kaluza-Klein heavy gauge modes in a covariant manner, we calculate a gauge independent effective Lagrangian expansion containing multiple Kaluza-Klein sums that entail a bad divergent behavior. We use the Epstein-zeta function to regularize and characterize discrete divergences within such multiple sums, and then we discuss the interplay between the number of extra dimensions and the degree of accuracy of effective Lagrangians to generate or not divergent terms of discrete origin. We find that nonrenormalizable terms with mass dimension $k$ are finite as long as $k>4+n$. Multiple Kaluza-Klein sums of nondecoupling logarithmic te...
García-Jiménez, I.; Novales-Sánchez, H.; Toscano, J. J.
2016-05-01
One-loop Standard Model observables produced by virtual heavy Kaluza-Klein fields play a prominent role in the minimal model of universal extra dimensions. Motivated by this aspect, we integrate out all the Kaluza-Klein heavy modes coming from the Yang-Mills theory set on a spacetime with an arbitrary number, n , of compact extra dimensions. After fixing the gauge with respect to the Kaluza-Klein heavy gauge modes in a covariant manner, we calculate a gauge-independent effective Lagrangian expansion containing multiple Kaluza-Klein sums that entail a bad divergent behavior. We use the Epstein-zeta function to regularize and characterize discrete divergences within such multiple sums, and then we discuss the interplay between the number of extra dimensions and the degree of accuracy of effective Lagrangians to generate or not divergent terms of discrete origin. We find that nonrenormalizable terms with mass dimension k are finite as long as k >4 +n . Multiple Kaluza-Klein sums of nondecoupling logarithmic terms, not treatable by Epstein-zeta regularization, are produced by four-dimensional momentum integration. On the grounds of standard renormalization, we argue that such effects are unobservable.
Quantum mechanical sectors in thermal N=4 super-Yang-Mills on RxS{sup 3}
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Harmark, Troels [Niels Bohr Institute and Nordita, Blegdamsvej 17, 2100 Copenhagen O (Denmark)]. E-mail: harmark@nbi.dk; Orselli, Marta [Niels Bohr Institute and Nordita, Blegdamsvej 17, 2100 Copenhagen O (Denmark)]. E-mail: orselli@nbi.dk
2006-11-20
We study the thermodynamics of U(N)N=4 super-Yang-Mills (SYM) on RxS{sup 3} with non-zero chemical potentials for the SU(4) R-symmetry. We find that when we are near a point with zero temperature and critical chemical potential, N=4 SYM on RxS{sup 3} reduces to a quantum mechanical theory. We identify three such critical regions giving rise to three different quantum mechanical theories. Two of them have a Hilbert space given by the SU(2) and SU(2|3) sectors of N=4 SYM of recent interest in the study of integrability, while the third one is the half-BPS sector dual to bubbling AdS geometries. In the planar limit the three quantum mechanical theories can be seen as spin chains. In particular, we identify a near-critical region in which N=4 SYM on RxS{sup 3} essentially reduces to the ferromagnetic XXX{sub 1/2} Heisenberg spin chain. We find furthermore a limit in which this relation becomes exact.
Lattice gradient flow with tree-level $\\mathcal{O}(a^4)$ improvement in pure Yang-Mills theory
Kamata, Norihiko
2015-01-01
Following a recent paper by Fodor et al. (arXiv:1406.0827), we reexamine several types of tree-level improvements on the flow action with various gauge actions in order to reduce the lattice discretization errors in the Yang-Mills gradient flow method. We propose two types of tree-level, $\\mathcal{O}(a^4)$ improved lattice gradient flow including the rectangle term in both the flow and gauge action within the minimal way. We then perform numerical simulations with the simple plaquette gauge action for testing our proposal. Our numerical results of the expectation value of the action density, $\\langle E(t)\\rangle$, show that two $\\mathcal{O}(a^4)$ improved flows significantly eliminate the discretization corrections in the small flow time $t$ regime. On the other hand, the values of $t^2\\langle E(t)\\rangle$ in the large $t$ regime, where the lattice spacing dependence of the tree-level term dies out as inverse powers of $t/a^2$, are different between the results given by two optimal flows leading to the same $...
The one and a half monopoles solution of the SU(2) Yang-Mills-Higgs field theory
Teh, Rosy; Ng, Ban-Loong; Wong, Khai-Ming
2014-04-01
Recently we have reported on the existence of finite energy SU(2) Yang-Mills-Higgs particle of one-half topological charge. In this paper, we show that this one-half monopole can co-exist with a ’t Hooft-Polyakov monopole. The magnetic charge of the one-half monopole is of opposite sign to the magnetic charge of the ’t Hooft-Polyakov monopole. However the net magnetic charge of the configuration is zero due to the presence of a semi-infinite Dirac string along the positive z-axis that carries the other half of the magnetic monopole charge. The solution possesses gauge potentials that are singular along the z-axis, elsewhere they are regular. The total energy is found to increase with the strength of the Higgs field self-coupling constant λ. However the dipole separation and the magnetic dipole moment decrease with λ. This solution is non-BPS even in the BPS limit when the Higgs self-coupling constant vanishes.
On the Global Structure of Deformed Yang-Mills Theory and QCD(adj) on R^3XS^1
Anber, Mohamed M
2015-01-01
Spatial compactification on R^{3}XS^1_L at small S^1-size L often leads to a calculable vacuum structure, where various "topological molecules" are responsible for confinement and the realization of the center and discrete chiral symmetries. Within this semiclassically calculable framework, we study how distinct theories with the same SU(N_c)/Z_k gauge group (labeled by "discrete theta-angles") arise upon gauging of appropriate Z_k subgroups of the one-form global center symmetry of an SU(N_c) gauge theory. We determine the possible Z_k actions on the local electric and magnetic effective degrees of freedom, find the ground states, and use domain walls and confining strings to give a physical picture of the vacuum structure of the different SU(N_c)/Z_k theories. Some of our results reproduce ones from earlier supersymmetric studies, but most are new and do not invoke supersymmetry. We also study a further finite-temperature compactification to R^{2}XS^1_betaXS^1_L. We argue that, in deformed Yang-Mills theory...
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Epple, Mark Dominik
2008-12-03
In this work we examine the Yang-Mills-Schroedinger equation, which is a result from minimizing the vacuum energy density in Coulomb gauge. We use an ansatz for the vacuum wave functional which is motivated by the exact wave functional of quantum electrodynamics. The wave functional is by construction singular on the Gribov horizon and has a variational kernel in the exponent which represents the gluon energy. We derive the so-called Dyson-Schwinger-equations from the variational principle, that the vacuum energy density is stationary under variation with respect to the variational kernel. These Dyson-Schwinger-equations build a set of coupled integral equations for the gluon and ghost propagator, and for the curvature in gauge orbit space. These equations have been derived in the last few years, have been examined analytically in certain approximations, and first numerical results have been obtained. The case of the so-called horizon condition, which means that the ghost form factor is divergent in the infrared, has always been of special interest. But is has been found in certain approximations analytically as well als numerically that the fully coupled system has no self-consistent solution within the employed truncation on two-loop level in the energy. But one can obtain a solvable system by inserting the bare ghost-propagator into the Coulomb equation. This system possesses two different kind of infrared-divergent solutions which differ in the exponents of the power laws of the form factors in the infrared. The weaker divergent solution has previously been found, but not the stronger divergent solution. The subject of this work is to develop a deeper understanding of the presented system. We present a new renormalization scheme which enables us to reduce the number of renormalization parameters by one. This new system of integral equations is solved numerically with greatly increased precision. Doing so we found the stronger divergent solution for the first
The Gauge Hierarchy Problem and High Dimensional Yang-Mills Theories
Hatanaka, H; Lim, C S
1998-01-01
We report on an attempt to solve the gauge hierarchy problem in the framework of higher dimensional gauge theories. Both classical Higgs mass and quadratically divergent quantum correction to the mass are argued to vanish. Hence the hierarchy problem in its original sense is solved. The remaining finite mass correction is shown to depend crucially on the choice of boundary condition for matter fields, and a way to fix it dynamically is presented. We also point out that on the simply-connected space $S^2$ even the finite mass correction vanishes.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this work we examine the Yang-Mills-Schroedinger equation, which is a result from minimizing the vacuum energy density in Coulomb gauge. We use an ansatz for the vacuum wave functional which is motivated by the exact wave functional of quantum electrodynamics. The wave functional is by construction singular on the Gribov horizon and has a variational kernel in the exponent which represents the gluon energy. We derive the so-called Dyson-Schwinger-equations from the variational principle, that the vacuum energy density is stationary under variation with respect to the variational kernel. These Dyson-Schwinger-equations build a set of coupled integral equations for the gluon and ghost propagator, and for the curvature in gauge orbit space. These equations have been derived in the last few years, have been examined analytically in certain approximations, and first numerical results have been obtained. The case of the so-called horizon condition, which means that the ghost form factor is divergent in the infrared, has always been of special interest. But is has been found in certain approximations analytically as well als numerically that the fully coupled system has no self-consistent solution within the employed truncation on two-loop level in the energy. But one can obtain a solvable system by inserting the bare ghost-propagator into the Coulomb equation. This system possesses two different kind of infrared-divergent solutions which differ in the exponents of the power laws of the form factors in the infrared. The weaker divergent solution has previously been found, but not the stronger divergent solution. The subject of this work is to develop a deeper understanding of the presented system. We present a new renormalization scheme which enables us to reduce the number of renormalization parameters by one. This new system of integral equations is solved numerically with greatly increased precision. Doing so we found the stronger divergent solution for the first
Experimentally verifiable Yang-Mills spin 2 gauge theory of gravity with group U(1) x SU(2)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this work, a Yang-Mills spin 2 gauge theory of gravity is proposed. Based on both the verification of the helicity 2 property of the SU(2) gauge bosons of the theory and the agreement of the theory with most observational and experimental evidence, the authors argues that the theory is truly a gravitational theory. An internal symmetry group, the eigenvalues of its generators are identical with quantum numbers, characterizes the interactions of a given class. The author demonstrates that the 4-momentum Pμ of a fermion field generates the U(1) x SU(2) internal symmetry group for gravity, but not the transformation group T4. That particles are classified by mass and spin implies that the U(1) x SU(2), instead of the Poincare group, is a symmetry group of gravity. It is shown that the U(1) x SU(2) group represents the time displacement and rotation in ordinary space. Thereby internal space associated with gravity is identical with Minkowski spacetime, so a gauge potential of gravity carries two space-time indices. Then he verifies that the SU(2) gravitational boson has helicity 2. It is this fact, spin from internal spin, that explains alternatively why the gravitational field is the only field which is characterized by spin 2. The Physical meaning of gauge potentials of gravity is determined by comparing theory with the results of experiments, such as the Collella-Overhauser-Werner (COW) experiment and the Newtonian limit, etc. The gauge potentials this must identify with ordinary gravitational potentials
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Bern, Zvi; Czakon, Michael; Dixon, Lance J.; Kosower, David A.; Smirnov, Vladimir A.
2006-11-15
We present an expression for the leading-color (planar) four-loop four-point amplitude of N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in 4-2{epsilon} dimensions, in terms of eight separate integrals. The expression is based on consistency of unitarity cuts and infrared divergences. We expand the integrals around {epsilon} = 0, and obtain analytic expressions for the poles from 1/{epsilon}{sup 8} through 1/{epsilon}{sup 4}. We give numerical results for the coefficients of the 1/{epsilon}{sup 3} and 1/e{sup 2} poles. These results all match the known exponentiated structure of the infrared divergences, at four separate kinematic points. The value of the 1/{epsilon}{sup 2} coefficient allows us to test a conjecture of Eden and Staudacher for the four-loop cusp (soft) anomalous dimension. We find that the conjecture is incorrect, although our numerical results suggest that a simple modification of the expression, flipping the sign of the term containing {zeta}{sub 3}{sup 2}, may yield the correct answer. Our numerical value can be used, in a scheme proposed by Kotikov, Lipatov and Velizhanin, to estimate the two constants in the strong-coupling expansion of the cusp anomalous dimension that are known from string theory. The estimate works to 2.6% and 5% accuracy, providing non-trivial evidence in support of the AdS/CFT correspondence. We also use the known constants in the strong-coupling expansion as additional input to provide approximations to the cusp anomalous dimension which should be accurate to under one percent for all values of the coupling. When the evaluations of the integrals are completed through the finite terms, it will be possible to test the iterative, exponentiated structure of the finite terms in the four-loop four-point amplitude, which was uncovered earlier at two and three loops.
The Gribov problem in presence of background field for $SU(2)$ Yang-Mills theory
Canfora, Fabrizio; Pais, Pablo
2016-01-01
The Gribov problem in the presence of a background field is analyzed: in particular, we study the Gribov copies equation in the Landau-De Witt gauge as well as the semi-classical Gribov gap equation. As background field, we choose the simplest non-trivial one which corresponds to a constant gauge potential with non-vanishing component along the Euclidean time direction. This kind of constant non-Abelian background fields is very relevant in relation with (the computation of) the Polyakov loop but it also appears when one considers the non-Abelian Schwinger effect. We show that the Gribov copies equation is affected directly by the presence of the background field, constructing an explicit example. The analysis of the Gribov gap equation shows that the larger the background field, the smaller the Gribov mass parameter. These results strongly suggest that the relevance of the Gribov copies (from the path integral point of view) decreases as the size of the background field increases.
More on BPS States in N = 4 $$ \\mathcal{N}=4 $$ Supersymmetric Yang-Mills Theory on R × S 3
Yokoyama, Shuichi
2014-01-01
We perform a systematic analysis on supersymmetric states in N = 4 $$ \\mathcal{N}=4 $$ supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory (SYM) on R × S 3 . We find a new set of 1/16 BPS equations and determine the precise configuration of the supersymmetric states by solving all 1/16 BPS equations when they are valued in Cartan subalgebra of a gauge group and the fermionic fields vanish. We also determine the number of supersymmetries preserved by the supersymmetric states varying the parameters of the BPS so...
Lavaei, Leila
2016-01-01
The large-N behavior of the quartic-cubic generalized two dimensional Yang-Mills U(N) on the sphere is investigated for finite cubic couplings. First, it is shown that there are two phase transitions one of which is third order and the other one is second order. Second, $gYM_2$ and Maxwell construction are compared and a relationship between two-dimensional space-time, that is purely mathematical, and four-dimensional space-time is obtained.